WorldWideScience

Sample records for publication order form

  1. Second-order impartiality and public sphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sládeček Michal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the first part of the text the distinction between first- and second-order impartiality, along with Brian Barry’s thorough elaboration of their characteristics and the differences between them, is examined. While the former impartiality is related to non-favoring fellow-persons in everyday occasions, the latter is manifested in the institutional structure of society and its political and public morality. In the second part of the article, the concept of public impartiality is introduced through analysis of two examples. In the first example, a Caledonian Club with its exclusive membership is considered as a form of association which is partial, but nevertheless morally acceptable. In the second example, the so-called Heinz dilemma has been reconsidered and the author points to some flaws in Barry’s interpretation, arguing that Heinz’s right of giving advantage to his wife’s life over property rights can be recognized through mitigating circum-stances, and this partiality can be appreciated in the public sphere. Thus, public impartiality imposes limits to the restrictiveness and rigidity of political impartiality implied in second-order morality. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179049

  2. Public Order Management in a Virtual World

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buiel, E.F.T.; Hulst, A.H. van der; Voogd, J.; Oprins, E.A.P.B.

    2013-01-01

    In urban operations, military commanders have to take into account the civilians present in the operation area. This is why Public Order Management (POM) is an important subject of their training. The organization of POM field training is challenging. It requires lots of humans to act as crowds. It

  3. Public Order Management in a Virtual World

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buiel, E.F.T.; Hulst, A.H. van der; Voogd, J.; Oprins, E.A.P.B.

    2013-01-01

    In urban operations, military commanders have to take into account the civilians present in the operation area. This is why Public Order Management (POM) is an important subject of their training. The organization of POM field training is challenging. It requires lots of humans to act as crowds. It

  4. 41 CFR 101-26.4902-1781 - GSA Form 1781, Motor Vehicle Requisition-Delivery Order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true GSA Form 1781, Motor Vehicle Requisition-Delivery Order. 101-26.4902-1781 Section 101-26.4902-1781 Public Contracts and... GSA Form 1781, Motor Vehicle Requisition—Delivery Order. Note: The form illustrated in §...

  5. 当下中国的网络公共领域:形态、成因与秩序建构%Internet Public Sphere in China:Form,Causes and Order Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亮; 邹旭怡

    2014-01-01

    Cyberspace is the extension of social space to the online world,which opens a new discourse space for people.Based on the theory of“public sphere”,this article researches on the form,causes and order construction of internet public sphere in China.Through the study of this three aspects:the op-portunities brought by new media technology,participation in cyberspace and the possibility of see-king consensus,some concrete space with characteristics of public sphere is found in cyberspace.Mean-while,some problems obstruct its healthy development.In view of the above situation,we consider that system should be constructed to maintain public order in cyberspace and promote internet political participation which will be conducive to China's political development.%网络空间是社会空间向线上世界的延伸,为人们敞开了一个新的话语空间。运用“公共领域”的理论,基于对哈贝马斯和查尔斯·泰勒关于“公共领域”含义的综合理解,研究当下中国网络公共领域的形态、成因及秩序构建。通过对新媒介技术带来的机遇、网络空间中的参与状况、寻求共识的可能性三个方面进行考察,发现在中国的网络空间中,存在一些具有公共领域特征或公共领域理想的具体场域,但同时也存在诸多问题阻挠网络公共领域的健康发展。因此,需要我们通过完善制度建设来维护网络公共领域的秩序,推动有序的网络政治参与,从而有利于中国的政治发展。

  6. Ordered biological nanostructures formed from chaperonin polypeptides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trent, Jonathan D. (Inventor); McMillan, R. Andrew (Inventor); Kagawa, Hiromi (Inventor); Paavola, Chad D. (Inventor)

    2010-01-01

    The following application relates to nanotemplates, nanostructures, nanoarrays and nanodevices formed from wild-type and mutated chaperonin polypeptides, methods of producing such compositions, methods of using such compositions and particular chaperonin polypeptides that can be utilized in producing such compositions.

  7. Quaternion orders, quadratic forms, and Shimura curves

    CERN Document Server

    Alsina, Montserrat

    2004-01-01

    Shimura curves are a far-reaching generalization of the classical modular curves. They lie at the crossroads of many areas, including complex analysis, hyperbolic geometry, algebraic geometry, algebra, and arithmetic. The text provides an introduction to the subject from a theoretic and algorithmic perspective. The main topics covered in it are Shimura curves defined over the rational number field, the construction of their fundamental domains, and the determination of their complex multiplication points. The study of complex multiplication points in Shimura curves leads to the study of families of binary quadratic forms with algebraic coefficients and to their classification by arithmetic Fuchsian groups. In this regard, the authors develop a theory full of new possibilities which parallels Gauss' theory on the classification of binary quadratic forms with integral coefficients by the action of the modular group. Each topic covered in the book begins with a theoretical discussion followed by carefully worked...

  8. Renewing the New Order?: Public History in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Ashton

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available After the fall of the Suharto regime in 1988, public debates over the nature of history proliferated. While focusing on a number of key national events, most notably the 1965 coup and the killing of over half-a-million people, these debates have raised critical issues over the role or potential role of public history in contemporary Indonesian society. Questions of historical authority are paramount as Indonesian historians, public intellectuals and politicians struggle with a deeply entrenched historical paradigm and narratives of the old ‘New Order’ which continues to inform history in schools, cultural institutions, the media, literature, personal narratives, public rituals and the academy. This paradigm was based on an unquestioning acceptance of official accounts of the past. The demise of the New Order has left a historiographical vacuum which individuals and groups from a broad range of perspectives are trying to fill. Some, like Professor Azumardi Aza, are seeking to straddle the divide between professional and public history. Memory has emerged as a key issue in public debates, attempts have been made at reconciliation between the left and the right, though these faltered, and turf wars have broken out between historians and novelists such as Pramoedya Anata Toer. Women continue to remain relegated to a 'macabre footnote' in Indonesian public history. History in Indonesia is at a crossroads. One road could lead to a more democratic form of public or people’s history; the other to a modified version of the New Order history.

  9. 48 CFR 1913.505-2 - Board order forms in lieu of Optional and Standard Forms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... PURCHASE PROCEDURES Purchase Orders 1913.505-2 Board order forms in lieu of Optional and Standard Forms. (a...-case basis, in order to accommodate computer-generated purchase order forms. Exception approval for... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Board order forms in...

  10. 17 CFR 210.4-01 - Form, order, and terminology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Form, order, and terminology...-01 Form, order, and terminology. (a) Financial statements should be filed in such form and order, and should use such generally accepted terminology, as will best indicate their significance and character...

  11. 48 CFR 2413.505 - Purchase order and related forms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Purchase order and related... DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACTING TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Purchase Orders 2413.505 Purchase order and related forms....

  12. 48 CFR 1513.505 - Purchase order and related forms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Purchase order and related... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Purchase Orders 1513.505 Purchase order and related forms. Contracting Officers may use the EPA Form 1900-8, Procurement Request/Order,...

  13. 48 CFR 1913.505 - Purchase order and related forms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Purchase order and related... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SMALL PURCHASES AND OTHER SIMPLIFIED PURCHASE PROCEDURES Purchase Orders 1913.505 Purchase order and related forms....

  14. An Analysis of the First Order Form of Gauge Theories

    CERN Document Server

    Kiriushcheva, N; McKeon, D G C

    2011-01-01

    The first order form of a Maxwell theory and U(1) gauge theory in which a gauge invariant mass term appears is analyzed using the Dirac procedure. The form of the gauge transformation which leaves the action invariant is derived from the constraints present. A non-Abelian generalization is similarly analyzed. This first order three dimensional massive gauge theory is rewritten in terms of two interacting vector fields. The constraint structure when using light-cone coordinates is considered. The relationship between first and second order forms of the two-dimensional Einstein-Hilbert action is explored where a Lagrange multiplier is used to ensure their equivalence.

  15. Inter-institutional Cooperation for Achieving Public Order and Safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Gisca

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In the area governed by the authority of the Romanian state, the public order is part both of the national security and of the European public order. The actions of defining and making clear theconcept of public order drew the attention of many specialists and researchers in the field; therefore, there are countless ways of defining this concept. The spheres of this concept connect continuously to the spheres of other concepts: the state, the executive power, the state of legality, the national dimension of the public order etc. Essentially the public order represents a minimum of important conditions for a convenient social life. Its content varies with the stage of social trust and mirrors the state of legality, equilibrium and social peace, being omnipresent when, according to the Constitution, the order forces ensure the public peace, the safety of person, collectivities and goods, the publichealth and moral principles.

  16. An Algorithm for Higher Order Hopf Normal Forms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.Y.T. Leung

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal form theory is important for studying the qualitative behavior of nonlinear oscillators. In some cases, higher order normal forms are required to understand the dynamic behavior near an equilibrium or a periodic orbit. However, the computation of high-order normal forms is usually quite complicated. This article provides an explicit formula for the normalization of nonlinear differential equations. The higher order normal form is given explicitly. Illustrative examples include a cubic system, a quadratic system and a Duffing–Van der Pol system. We use exact arithmetic and find that the undamped Duffing equation can be represented by an exact polynomial differential amplitude equation in a finite number of terms.

  17. ESP NEEDS ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC ORDER POLICE OFFICERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ömer Gökhan Ulum

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available With this study, 105 public order police officers in the national police forces were surveyed in order to assess their needs when using English on the job. In other words, this study aimed at examining the needs, functions and problems of 105 police officers serving at the department of public order. The findings from the questionnaire with open ended questions displayed that, (1 speaking and listening are the most important skills, (2 four language skills are moderately difficult, (3 there are motivational factors important to learn English, and (4 the functional use of English is important for the public order police officers. Recommendations and pedagogical implications were suggested.

  18. Glass-forming liquids: one or more "order" parameters"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bailey, Nicholas; Christensen, Tage Emil; Jakobsen, Bo

    2008-01-01

    that a description with a single "order" parameter applies to a good approximation whenever thermal equilibrium fluctuations of fundamental variables like energy and pressure are strongly correlated. Results from computer simulations showing that this is the case for a number of simple glass-forming liquids, as well......We first summarize the classical arguments that the vast majority of glass-forming liquids require more than one ‘order' parameter for their description. Critiques against this conventional wisdom are then presented, and it is argued that the matter deserves to be reconsidered in the light...... as a few exceptions, are briefly presented. Finally, we briefly discuss a new conjecture according to which experiments at varying temperature and pressure follow the density scaling expression for the relaxation time, τ = F(ρ^x/T ) (ρ and T are density and temperature), if and only if the liquid...

  19. Bioethics as public discourse and second-order discipline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopelman, Loretta M

    2009-06-01

    Bioethics is best viewed as both a second-order discipline and also part of public discourse. Since their goals differ, some bioethical activities are more usefully viewed as advancing public discourse than academic disciplines. For example, the "Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights" sponsored by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization seeks to promote ethical guidance on bioethical issues. From the vantage of philosophical ethics, it fails to rank or specify its stated principles, justify controversial principles, clarify key terms, or say what is meant by calling potentially conflicting norms "foundational." From the vantage of improving the public discourse about bioethical problems and seeking ethical solutions in the public arena, however, this document may have an important role. The goals and relations between bioethics as a second-order discipline and public discourse are explored.

  20. 75 FR 45114 - Rite Aid Corporation; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ... Rite Aid Corporation; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal Trade... competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations in the draft complaint... invited to submit written comments electronically or in paper form. Comments should refer to ``Rite...

  1. Second order statistics of bilinear forms of robust scatter estimators

    KAUST Repository

    Kammoun, Abla

    2015-08-12

    This paper lies in the lineage of recent works studying the asymptotic behaviour of robust-scatter estimators in the case where the number of observations and the dimension of the population covariance matrix grow at infinity with the same pace. In particular, we analyze the fluctuations of bilinear forms of the robust shrinkage estimator of covariance matrix. We show that this result can be leveraged in order to improve the design of robust detection methods. As an example, we provide an improved generalized likelihood ratio based detector which combines robustness to impulsive observations and optimality across the shrinkage parameter, the optimality being considered for the false alarm regulation.

  2. 77 FR 33235 - Public Land Order No. 7791; Extension of Public Land Order No. 6928; Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-05

    .... Forest Service associated with the Crandall Creek Administrative Site. DATE: Effective Date: May 29, 2012... the Crandall Creek Administrative Site. The withdrawal extended by this Order will expire on May 28... Service's capital investments at the Crandall Creek Administrative Site, is hereby extended for an...

  3. Verification and Validation of the Public Order Management Serious Game

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voogd, J.

    2014-01-01

    In urban operations, military commanders have to take into account the civilians present in the operation area. This is why Public Order Management (POM) is an important subject of their training. The organization of POM field training is challenging. It requires lots of humans to act as crowds. It

  4. 76 FR 21914 - Public Land Order No. 7762; Extension of Public Land Order No. 6845; New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-19

    ... Order No. 6845 (56 FR 14865 (1991)), which withdrew 200 acres of public land from settlement, sale... to continue protection of the archaeological values at the Arroyo del Tajo Pictograph Site in Socorro... this extension to continue protection of the archaeological values at the Arroyo del Tajo...

  5. 8 CFR 299.4 - Reproduction of Public Use Forms by public and private entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... or private entity. Forms printed or reproduced by public or private entities shall be: (1) In black... be replicated to mirror the authorized agency form. Each item must be printed on the same page in...

  6. Visual Communication Design as a Form of Public Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Meghan

    2015-01-01

    This paper identifies visual communication design as a form of public pedagogy. Communication design practices aim to achieve the successful transmission of a message to a recipient in a visual mode. Understanding the theories and practices of visual communication design can assist in enhancing the reception of the communication, as these…

  7. Colour picking: the pecking order of form and function

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nack, F.-M.; Manniesing, A.S.K.; Hardman, L.

    2003-01-01

    Multimedia presentation generation has to be able to balance the functional aspects of a presentation that address the information needs of the user, and its aesthetic form. We demonstrate our approach using automatic colour design for which we integrate relevant aspects of colour theory. Colour sel

  8. Colour Picking - the Pecking Order of Form and Function

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nack, F.-M.; Manniesing, A.S.K.; Hardman, L.

    2003-01-01

    Multimedia presentation generation has to be able to balance the functional aspects of a presentation that address the information needs of the user and its aesthetic form. We demonstrate our approach using automatic colour design for which we integrate relevant aspects of colour theory. We do not p

  9. Internal Order, Public Safety and Secret Service in the Roman Public Administrative Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Fernández de Buján

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The first instance of organized police can be found in the time of the Roman Republic, being tasked with looking after public security and internal order. A gradual evolution would thenceforth see it become the bureaucratic and specialized system of vigilance and internal as well as external security of the Late Empire.

  10. Second order average estimates on local data of cusp forms

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    We specify sufficient conditions for the square modulus of the local parameters of a family of GL(n) cusp forms to be bounded on average. These conditions are global in nature and are at present satisfied for n less than or equal to 4. As an application, we show that Rankin-Selberg L-functions on GL(m) x GL(n), when m and n are less than or equal to 4, satisfy the standard convexity bound.

  11. Will the Internet Form the Public Sphere in China?

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    The Western perspective in examining the political impact of the Internet concentrates on whether this new medium will revitalize the public sphere so as to further representative democracy to ideal form of participatory democracy. This paper examines the political impact of the Internet on China, a large developing country that lacks sophisticated representative democratic politics. It analyzes the revolutionary changes that the Internet has brought to the Chinese Internet users and the gove...

  12. 试论治安关系%On the Relationship of Public Order

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚

    2011-01-01

    治安关系的相关理论是治安学基础理论的重要内容。对治安关系的界定有赖于对治安相关概念的理解和选择。治安关系是指在治安实践活动中,治安主客体之间形成的社会联系。它具有实践性、客观性、政治性、互动性、多样性等多种特性。治安关系有三种基本类型,分别是实践关系、认识关系和评价关系,同时,这三种基本类型各自也包含着丰富的、多层次的治安主客体关系。%The relationship theory of public order is an important part of public order's basic theory. The definition of this relationship depends on the understanding and choice of the concept of public order. The relationship of public order is the social association which is formed between the subject and object of public order during the practical activity. The relationship of public order has some characteristics such as practical, objectivity, political, interactivity, diversity, mobility, and externality. The relationship of public order can be divided into three basic types, such as the practical relation, the understanding relation and the evaluating relation, at the same time, each type contains rich, multi-level relationships between subject and object.

  13. 75 FR 26788 - Public Land Order No. 7742; Withdrawal of Public Land for the Manning Canyon Tailings Repository; UT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Public Land Order No. 7742; Withdrawal of Public Land for the Manning Canyon Tailings Repository; UT AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Public Land Order....

  14. Superstructures formed by orientationally ordered tetrahedra in the bcc lattice: new diffusionless order-disorder transition in solids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamura, Ryuji

    2015-03-04

    We investigated and clarified the superstructures formed by tetrahedra in the bcc lattice within the framework of second-order transitions. Compliance with both the Landau and Lifshitz conditions was investigated for all possible superstructures and, based on this, we demonstrate that bcc crystals that contain tetrahedra at an inversion center can exhibit a variety of second-order transitions, which are regarded as a new type of diffusionless order-disorder transition with antiferroic orientational orders. Finally, we show that the transition gives rise to a new glassy state. Breaking of the local inversion symmetry may lead to a new orientational glass, which is reminiscent of spin glasses in magnetism.

  15. Competitions as a form of public gusle playing performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lajić-Mihajlović Danka

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers an ethnomusicological perspective on competitions of guslars (players of a single-stringed musical instrument gusle predominantly used to accompany the voice of a singer reciting epic poetry, here interpreted as a specific form of public music performance. First competitions were organized between World Wars (1924-1933, afterwards being established in 1971 and since then organized (with a short interruption in Serbia, Montenegro and the Republic of Srpska. Apart from gusle players and the audience participating in this interaction, these competitions introduced into the focus the very organizers as well. The importance of collectivity as an idea interwoven into epic ethos has become a powerful means of manipulation used by authorities. Their interests have been put forward primarily through the poetic content of new songs. Ideology, though, is not only reflected in the competition repertoire. It is also felt in other forms of public gusle playing practice (such as performances with miscellaneous programme, concerts etc.. The sense of competitiveness, as a type of communicational situation, is far strongly felt in the music dimension. Limited in duration, the performance was reduced to only fragments of songs, which, on the other side, caused a change in gusle playing. The traditional style implied economizing with player’s energy and dramatization tailored to suit the context of long-lasting songs, whereas per-forming of fragments resulted in a more grandiose style aimed at making momentary impression: intensive, vigorous singing in the upper vocal register, using a wide range of expressive devices within short time etc. After studying the competition rules, key formal regulations, and the organization of competitions so far, I discerned that those epic poems have been dominantly regarded as poetry. One of crucial reasons for this is wider communicability of verbal to music discourse, but also more straightforward conveyance

  16. 48 CFR 253.213-70 - Completion of DD Form 1155, Order for Supplies or Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Completion of DD Form 1155... Forms 253.213-70 Completion of DD Form 1155, Order for Supplies or Services. Follow the procedures at PGI 253.213-70 for completion of DD Form 1155....

  17. Effect of implementing a cancer chemotherapy order form on prescribing habits for parenteral antineoplastics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastel, D A; Fay, P; Lee, D

    1993-12-01

    Effect of implementing a cancer chemotherapy order form on prescribing habits for parenteral antineoplastics. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the use of a cancer chemotherapy order form improved prescriber inclusion of necessary prescription information to minimize errors for parenteral antineoplastics when compared to orders written on standard treatment-order forms. Standard treatment order forms and the newly developed chemotherapy order forms were examined for differences in completeness of the following 13 prescription components: diagnosis, height, weight, body surface area, start date and time, dosage (e.g., mg/m2), dose (mg), solution diluent (drips only) and volume (drips only), infusion rate (drips only), route (i.e., IV push or IV drip), frequency of administration, and total number of scheduled doses. The results demonstrate a significant improvement in completeness of necessary prescription information when cancer chemotherapy was ordered by physicians using a chemotherapy order form compared to a standard treatment order form. Importantly, the availability of various prescription components such as height, weight, and dosage may be used by the pharmacist to verify physicians' calculations of body surface area and dose and thereby reduce the chance of serious medication dosage errors. An additional benefit of the new form is a reduction in the time pharmacists spend clarifying orders.

  18. 12 CFR 908.13 - Public disclosure of final orders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decision and order of the Board of Directors would seriously threaten the financial health or security of a... make available to the public— (1) Any written agreement or other written statement for which a... interest; (2) Any order that is issued by the Board of Directors and that has become final in...

  19. 75 FR 77658 - Public Land Order No. 7755; Withdrawal of Public Lands and Reserved Federal Minerals for the Ash...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ...: 14X1109] Public Land Order No. 7755; Withdrawal of Public Lands and Reserved Federal Minerals for the Ash... public lands within the Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge boundary to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife... the Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge boundary. Non-Federal lands within the Refuge boundary...

  20. Crime, policing and social order: on the expressive nature of public confidence in policing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Jonathan; Bradford, Ben

    2009-09-01

    Public confidence in policing is receiving increasing attention from UK social scientists and policy-makers. The criminal justice system relies on legitimacy and consent to an extent unlike other public services: public support is vital if the police and other criminal justice agencies are to function both effectively and in accordance with democratic norms. Yet we know little about the forms of social perception that stand prior to public confidence and police legitimacy. Drawing on data from the 2003/2004 British Crime Survey and the 2006/2007 London Metropolitan Police Safer Neighbourhoods Survey, this paper suggests that people think about their local police in ways less to do with the risk of victimization (instrumental concerns about personal safety) and more to do with judgments of social cohesion and moral consensus (expressive concerns about neighbourhood stability, cohesion and loss of collective authority). Across England and Wales the police may not primarily be seen as providers of a narrow sense of personal security, held responsible for crime and safety. Instead the police may stand as symbolic 'moral guardians' of social stability and order, held responsible for community values and informal social controls. We also present evidence that public confidence in the London Metropolitan Police Service expresses broader social anxieties about long-term social change. We finish our paper with some thoughts on a sociological analysis of the cultural place of policing: confidence (and perhaps ultimately the legitimacy of the police) might just be wrapped up in broader public concerns about social order and moral consensus.

  1. Higher-Order Beta Matching with Solutions in Long Beta-Eta Normal Form

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støvring, Kristian

    2006-01-01

    up to beta-eta equivalence is a long-standing open problem.We show that higher-order matching up to beta-eta equivalence is decidable if and only if a restricted form of higher-order matching up to beta equivalence is decidable: the restriction is that solutions must be in long beta-eta normal form....

  2. 48 CFR 1413.306 - Standard Form 44, Purchase order-invoice-voucher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Acquisition Methods 1413.306 Standard Form 44, Purchase order-invoice-voucher. HCAs are responsible for... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard Form 44, Purchase order-invoice-voucher. 1413.306 Section 1413.306 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT...

  3. Film thickness dependent ordering dynamics of lamellar forming diblock copolymer thin films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Robert D; Dalnoki-Veress, Kari

    2012-12-01

    Ellipsometry is used in a novel way to study the ordering dynamics of symmetric poly(styrene-methyl methacrylate) diblock copolymer thin films. Ordered thin films form lamellae parallel to the substrate which can form islands or holes at the free surface to ensure commensurability of the layers. The sensitivity of ellipsometry provides the unique ability to probe morphological changes during the ordering process before the ultimate formation of islands or holes at the free surface. We observe three distinct stages in the ordering process: i) an ordering into an intermediate state, ii) an incubation time where the film structure remains constant and iii) the nucleation of islands or holes to achieve equilibrium lamellar morphology. The time-resolved measurement of an incubation period and initial ordering stage provides a means for studying the effect of thickness on the ordering kinetics. The dependence of incubation time on the commensurability of the initial film height is explained using strong segregation theory.

  4. "A powerful, opinion-forming public? Rethinking the Habermasian public sphere in a perspective of feminist theory and citizenship"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fiig, Christina

    2011-01-01

    an essential contribution to theories of democracy and of political participation. With this in mind, the author’s ambition is to address and to rework a specific type of public: an opinion-forming public within a framework of feminist political theory. The article is informed by the assumption that an opinion...... and narratives, is an attempt to widen public communication and further an ambition of constructing a concept of a more inclusive public sphere. The author suggests that feminist political theory goes some of the way towards reconstructing a concept of an opinion-forming public sphere within a Habermasian...

  5. 77 FR 58867 - Public Land Order No. 7799; Withdrawal of Public Land for the Rock Springs Administrative Site...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... Bureau of Land Management Public Land Order No. 7799; Withdrawal of Public Land for the Rock Springs... the Rock Springs Administrative Site addition. DATES: Effective Date: September 24, 2012. FOR FURTHER... the Rock Springs Administrative Site addition. The land has been and will remain open to...

  6. 77 FR 60458 - Public Land Order No. 7803; Withdrawal of Public Lands for the Limestone Hills Training Area; MT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-03

    ... Bureau of Land Management Public Land Order No. 7803; Withdrawal of Public Lands for the Limestone Hills... laws, for a period of 5 years. This withdrawal will protect the Limestone Hills Training Area in... hours. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Limestone Hills Training Area withdrawal will maintain the...

  7. The forms of three-order Lagrangian equation in relative motion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Shan-Jun; Liu Ming-Ping; Huang Pei-Tian

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, the general expressions of three-order Lagrangian equations in a motional coordinate system are obtained. In coordinate systems with some specific forms of motion, the expressions corresponding to these equations are also presented.

  8. 76 FR 61289 - Public Hearing on Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... Hour Division 29 CFR Parts 570 and 579 RIN 1235-AA06 Public Hearing on Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations--Civil Money Penalties AGENCY: Wage and Hour... public hearing on its Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), Child Labor Regulations, Orders and...

  9. 78 FR 22948 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Tax Forms and Publications Project Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-17

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Tax Forms and Publications Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Tax Forms and Publications Project Committee will be conducted. The Taxpayer Advocacy Panel is soliciting public comments, ideas and suggestions on improving customer...

  10. 78 FR 41193 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Tax Forms and Publications Project Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Tax Forms and Publications Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Tax Forms and Publications Project Committee will be conducted. The Taxpayer Advocacy Panel is soliciting public comments, ideas and suggestions on improving customer...

  11. 78 FR 78516 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Tax Forms and Publications Project Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-26

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Tax Forms and Publications Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Tax Forms and Publications Project Committee will be conducted. The Taxpayer Advocacy Panel is soliciting public comments, ideas and suggestions on improving customer...

  12. The electric dipole form factor of the nucleon in chiral perturbation theory to subleading order

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mereghetti, E; de Vries, Jordy; Hockings, W.H.; Maekawa, C.M.; van Kolck, U

    2011-01-01

    The electric dipole form factor (EDFF) of the nucleon stemming from the QCD ¯ term and from the quark color-electric dipole moments is calculated in chiral perturbation theory to sub-leading order. This is the lowest order in which the isoscalar EDFF receives a calculable, non-analytic contribution

  13. An algorithm for computing a standard form for second-order linear q-difference equations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, Peter

    1997-01-01

    In this article an algorithm is presented for computing a standard form for second order linear q-difference equations. This standard form is useful for determining the q-difference Galois group and the set of Liouvillian solutions of a given equation. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

  14. Influence of planning and civil initiative, as a form of public intervention, on gentrification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukić Ivana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to establish the connection between gentrification and planning, as a form of state and civil intervention, along with citing instances of local community reactions to negative effects of gentrification. The work examines how these two forms of public intervention, by means of implementing measures/actions, influence positive and negative effects of gentrification and contribute to maintaining balance between them. Furthermore, it explains how they act in service of public interest. The main criterion for the selection of research examples has been the form of intervention implemented (measures/actions, that is, their diversity. Most examples have been drawn from the USA where, on account of its liberal economic system, the power of planning is weaker, negative effects of gentrification are more dominant and gentrification itself is considered a negative phenomenon. The main objective of the analysis is to determine how to minimize the negative effects. A small number of examples presented have been taken from developed European countries, since those states exert stronger influence on planning and the state/community is more responsible for housing problems and existence of different groups of individuals in the community. Those instances illustrate the maximization of positive effects. In addition, some examples have been drawn from transitional, post-socialist Balkan countries where anti-planning attitude is dominant and negative effects of gentrification are more present. Given their effects on gentrification, the most successful measures/actions, applied in the form of public intervention, ordered by category, are as follows: affordable housing, jobs, local regulations, partnership and direct actions.

  15. Dazzled by unity? Order and chaos in public discourse on illicit drug use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, Suzanne; Moore, David

    2008-02-01

    One of the ways in which researchers, policy makers and practitioners routinely characterise illicit drug use is through a taxonomy of two paired conditions, the negative state of 'chaos' and the positive state of 'order' in the form of 'stability.' In this article, we explore some of the ways in which this taxonomy operates in public discourse on illicit drug use. Google searches were conducted in order to gather a corpus of Australian, United Kingdom and United States materials making use of notions of chaos and stability in discussing illicit drug use. The chaos/stability pairing was identified in a large number of materials, including government policy documents, internet web sites for drug related services, newspaper articles and research papers. Drawing on the work of Michel Foucault and Michel Serres, we argue that references to chaos and stability within public discourse produce at least three different ontological registers in which drug users are positioned: (1) the drug user as chaotic, (2) the drug using way of life as chaotic and (3) drug use activities as chaotic. These registers produce different semantic effects in that each locates the 'problem' of chaos differently and invokes it for different political and regulatory ends. Further, we argue that the taxonomy serves mainly to affirm the illegitimacy of injecting drug use by establishing and policing boundaries between the ostensibly unproductive, disorderly lives of drug users and the 'normal,' orderly and productive lives of non-injecting drug users. In concluding, we question the adequacy of chaos, as conventionally defined, in accounting for the circumstances and actions of drug users, and canvass alternative ways of viewing chaos that might offer useful critical tools for drugs research, policy and practice.

  16. 76 FR 59157 - Public Land Order No. 7783; Extension of Withdrawal Created by Subtitle A of Public Law 104-201; CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-23

    ... Public Law 104-201; CO AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Public Land Order. SUMMARY: This order extends the duration of a withdrawal created by Subtitle A of Public Law 104-201 for an additional 15-year period. Subtitle A of Public Law 104-201 withdrew 3,133 acres of public lands and...

  17. Post G20: The Challenge of Change, Implementing Evidence-based Public Order Policing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoggert, James; Stott, Clifford

    2012-01-01

    In the wake of the 2011 ‘riots’, public order policing tactics in England and Wales have once again been brought into question. Yet, the riots came two years since police regulatory authorities in the UK called for fundamental reforms to the policing of public order. Questions are raised about why...... the change called for appears to have been so slow and what can be done to assist reform. This paper suggests that developing an evidence-based policing approach within the field of public order policing to inform police decision-making would provide the answers. By doing so, the paper addresses some...... of the possible barriers to implementing evidence-based policing in public order and calls for police academic partnership to overcome these to make ‘change’ an ongoing reality....

  18. Synthesis of 3-D ordered macroporous silicate using the template formed from monodispersed polystyrene latex

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Based on the template formed from monodispersed polystyrene (PS) latex, a modified fast sol-gel process was employed to synthesize a three-dimensional ( 3-D ) ordered macroporous silica material after removing the template by calcination at high temperature. It was indicated that there existed highly ordered packed pores within the whole silica material by SEM morphology observation. It was also found that the pores were interconnected. The pore size could be controlled mainly by varying the particle size of the latex ranging from 101 to 102 nm. The formation process of the ordered pores was also preliminarily discussed.

  19. 76 FR 15313 - Chitika, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-21

    ... their individual Web browsing activity. Chitika offers an online behavioral advertising service in which... Chitika, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission.... The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations in the draft complaint...

  20. 75 FR 3509 - Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Order Approving Proposed Rules on Auditing Standard No...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-21

    ...); 74 FR 57357 (November 5, 2009). II. Description Section 103 of the Act directs the Board, among other... COMMISSION Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Order Approving Proposed Rules on Auditing Standard No..., 2009, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (the ``Board'' or the ``PCAOB'') filed with...

  1. 77 FR 2576 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ... Release No. 34-66141/January 11, 2012] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2012 The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended (the ``Sarbanes-Oxley Act''),\\1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board...

  2. 78 FR 11915 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ..., Release No. 68921/February 13, 2013] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2013 The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended (the ``Sarbanes-Oxley Act''),\\1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

  3. 75 FR 81684 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ...; Release No. 34-63596/December 22, 2010] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2011 The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended (the ``Sarbanes-Oxley Act''), established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'')...

  4. 77 FR 14523 - Western Digital Corporation; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ... Western Digital Corporation; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid Public Comment AGENCY... unfair methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations... Comment part of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write ``Western Digital, File No. 111...

  5. 75 FR 78779 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Supplemental Budget Request To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    ... Release No. 63526/December 10, 2010] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Supplemental Budget Request To Establish an Office of Outreach and Small Business Liaison in 2010 The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 \\1\\ (the ``Sarbanes-Oxley Act'') established the Public Company Accounting...

  6. Design, implementation, and use of a new antimicrobial order form: a descriptive report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipsy, R J; Smith, G H; Maloney, M E

    1993-01-01

    To describe the development, implementation, and use of an antimicrobial order form. The article provides the design of the form and the rationale for including key aspects, and a report of the authors' experiences with the form over a three-year period. An analysis of compliance with the form and its impact on selected prescribing practices is also presented. Three thousand five hundred antimicrobial orders in four discrete sets over a three-year period were analyzed to assess compliance and characterize prescribing patterns with respect to duration of therapy and dosing frequency. The setting of the study was a 300-bed, university-affiliated, tertiary-care, teaching hospital. Analysis of the forms was organized into the following sections: (1) compliance with use of the form, (2) duration of therapy, and (3) impact on antimicrobial dosing intervals. Use of the form was essentially 100 percent. Seventy-eight percent of the forms had all required data elements completed in the period following implementation; this fell to 67 percent at the end of three years. Duration of surgical prophylaxis went beyond the recommended 24 hours in 10 percent of all cases in period 1, and in 18, 8, and 4 percent in periods 2, 3, and 4, respectively. Declines in inappropriate dosing frequency were seen with cefazolin (from 14 to 2.3 percent), ceftriaxone (from 23 to 4 percent), cefuroxime (from 21 to 0 percent), and clindamycin (from 43 to 7 percent). Our experience with implementation and use of the form was very positive. Significant difficulties with compliance were not encountered. Benefits of the form included reductions in the duration of surgical prophylaxis and in the frequency of inappropriate dosing intervals.

  7. 21 CFR 1305.03 - Distributions requiring a Form 222 or a digitally signed electronic order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Distributions requiring a Form 222 or a digitally signed electronic order. 1305.03 Section 1305.03 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION... laboratory or its agent approved by DEA. (d) Delivery from a central fill pharmacy, as defined in § 1300.01(b...

  8. Reliability Estimation of the Pultrusion Process Using the First-Order Reliability Method (FORM)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baran, Ismet; Tutum, Cem C.; Hattel, Jesper H.

    2013-01-01

    In the present study the reliability estimation of the pultrusion process of a flat plate is analyzed by using the first order reliability method (FORM). The implementation of the numerical process model is validated by comparing the deterministic temperature and cure degree profiles with correspond

  9. Optimization of Wigley Hull Form in order to Ensure the Objective Functions of the Seakeeping Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hassan Bagheri; Hassan Ghassemi

    2014-01-01

    The research performed in this paper was carried out to investigate the computational procedure to design seakeeping optimized ship hull form. To reach the optimized hull form, four stages should be done, which consists of: generate alternative hull form, seakeeping calculations, objective functions and optimization techniques. There are many parameters that may be determined in ship hull form optimization. This paper deals with developed strip theory for determining the seakeeping performance, genetic algorithm (GA) as optimization method, high order equations for curve fitting of the hull form and finally reaching to the minimum bow vertical motion in regular head waves. The Wigley hull is selected as an initial hull and carried to be optimized. Two cases are considered. For the first case, the only form coefficients of the hull (CB, CM, CW, CP) are changed and main dimensions (L, B, T) are fixed. In the second case both hull form and main dimensions are varied simultaneously. Finally, optimized hull form and its seakeeping performances are presented. The results of optimization procedure demonstrate that the optimized hull forms yield a reduction in vertical motion and acceleration.

  10. Public scientific communication: reflections on the public and its participation forms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Sekloča

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Scientific communication also pertains to the domain of society, where the formation of public opinion about science and technology is taking place. Concerning this process, two main points are exposed in the commentary. The first is a proposition on how the public as a social category may be conceptualized, and the second is the extent of the participation of members of the public in strengthening socialization and democratization practices in new, highly complex, contexts of scientific research. The public is conceptualized to include all citizens no matter their professional origin, including scientists, which promotes the idea of openness and equality of the public sphere where scientific issues are discussed. To be democratic in its practical-political setting, such a conception needs to deal with the problems of participation in a highly mediatized world, where not every member of the public could be included into scientific research. The author thus reflects on the mechanisms which would enable the formation of public forums where the trust of influential public actors as stakeholders of research can be tested.

  11. 77 FR 58864 - Public Land Order No. 7801; Withdrawal of Public Lands for Protection of Proposed Expansion of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... status quo of the lands and mineral estate included in the proposed training land acquisition/airspace... laws, and the mineral material laws, to protect the status quo of the lands pending action on an... Palms; CA AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Public land order. SUMMARY: This...

  12. 78 FR 40499 - Public Land Order No. 7818; Withdrawal of Public Lands for the Protection and Preservation of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-05

    ... Mexico, and Utah AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Public land order. SUMMARY: This... geothermal leasing, and mineral material sales. DATES: As of: June 27, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT..., 775- 861-6400. New Mexico State Office, 301 Dinosaur Trail, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87508,...

  13. Crime against woman and punishment goals: Social order and country moderate public protest effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramadhar Singh

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Indians and Americans read about a severe crime committed by a man against a woman in the presence of his group of friends. The social order and the resulting public protest against that crime were manipulated. Participants indicated punishment goals they pursued. As hypothesised, public protest amplified the pursuit of the goals of retribution for the offender and omission by the group when the social order was deteriorating. Moreover, public protest affected the pursuit of the deterrence and retribution goals by Indians as if they acted as pragmatic politicians, but not by Americans as if they acted as principled theologians.

  14. 47 CFR 0.445 - Publication, availability and use of opinions, orders, policy statements, interpretations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Publication, availability and use of opinions, orders, policy statements, interpretations, administrative manuals, and staff instructions. 0.445 Section..., orders, policy statements, interpretations, administrative manuals, and staff instructions. (a...

  15. On p -form theories with gauge invariant second order field equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deffayet, Cédric; Mukohyama, Shinji; Sivanesan, Vishagan

    2016-04-01

    We explore field theories of a single p -form with equations of motions of order strictly equal to 2 and gauge invariance. We give a general method for the classification of such theories which are extensions to the p -forms of the Galileon models for scalars. Our classification scheme allows us to compute an upper bound on the number of different such theories depending on p and on the space-time dimension. We are also able to build a nontrivial Galileon-like theory for a 3-form with gauge invariance and an action which is polynomial into the derivatives of the form. This theory has gauge invariant field equations but an action which is not, like a Chern-Simons theory. Hence the recently discovered no-go theorem stating that there are no nontrivial gauge invariant vector Galileons (which we are also able here to confirm with our method) does not extend to other odd-p cases.

  16. On p-form theories with gauge invariant second order field equations

    CERN Document Server

    Deffayet, Cédric; Sivanesan, Vishagan

    2016-01-01

    We explore field theories of a single p-form with equations of motions of order strictly equal to two and gauge invariance. We give a general method for the classification of such theories which are extensions to the p-forms of the Galileon models for scalars. Our classification scheme allows to compute an upper bound on the number of different such theories depending on p and on the space-time dimension. We are also able to build a non trivial Galileon like theory for a 3-form with gauge invariance and an action which is polynomial into the derivatives of the form. This theory has gauge invariant field equations but an action which is not, like a Chern-Simons theory. Hence the recently discovered no-go theorem stating that there are no non trivial gauge invariant vector Galileons (which we are also able here to confirm with our method) does not extend to other odd p cases.

  17. $K_{l3}$ form factors at order $p^{6}$ of chiral perturbation theory

    CERN Document Server

    Post, P; 10.1007/s10052-002-0967-1

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes the calculation of the semileptonic K/sub l3/ decay form factors at order p/sup 6/ of chiral perturbation theory, which is the next-to-leading order correction to the well-known p/sup 4/ result achieved by Gasser and Leutwyler. At order p/sup 6/ the chiral expansion contains one- and two-loop diagrams which are discussed in detail. The irreducible two-loop graphs of the sunset topology are calculated numerically. In addition, the chiral Lagrangian L/sup (6)/ produces direct couplings with the W bosons. Due to these unknown couplings, one can always add linear terms in q /sup 2/ to the predictions of the form factor f/sub -/(q/sup 2/). For the form factor f/sub +/(q/sup 2/), this ambiguity involves even quadratic terms. Making use of the fact that the pion electromagnetic form factor involves the same q/sup 4/ counterterm, the q/sup 4/ ambiguity can be resolved. Apart from the possibility of adding an arbitrary linear term in q/sup 2/ our calculation shows that chiral perturbation theory c...

  18. 社区治安网格化管理探析%Analysis of Grid Management of Community Public Order

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨飞; 李姝音

    2016-01-01

    The continuous development of urbanization promotes the economic growth, accelerates migration, and also contributes to the environmental deterioration in the social order. In order to maintain good community public security environment and deal with pressure of social transformation, the public security organs actively explore a social public security management model in the policing practice, and form a set of grid community policing management system. In this paper, on the basis of the definition of the grid management of community public order, the value of the grid management of community public order has been analyzed in detail. In addition, from strengthening the social collaboration, the Internet technology application, and reinforcing grid management, the grid management of community public order has already been constructed and perfected.%城市化的不断发展,在促进经济增长,加速人口流动的同时,也加剧了社会治安环境的恶化。为了维护良好的社区治安环境,应对社会转型压力,公安机关在警务实践中积极探索社会治安管理模式,并形成了一套适用于社区治安的网格化管理体系。该文在界定社区治安网格化管理的基础上,对实行社区治安网格化管理的价值作了详细分析,并从加强社会协同、互联网技术应用和强化网格化领导三方面对社区治安网格化管理的构建和完善作了阐述。

  19. First-order systems of linear partial differential equations: normal forms, canonical systems, transform methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinz Toparkus

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we consider first-order systems with constant coefficients for two real-valued functions of two real variables. This is both a problem in itself, as well as an alternative view of the classical linear partial differential equations of second order with constant coefficients. The classification of the systems is done using elementary methods of linear algebra. Each type presents its special canonical form in the associated characteristic coordinate system. Then you can formulate initial value problems in appropriate basic areas, and you can try to achieve a solution of these problems by means of transform methods.

  20. A reduced-form model for level-1 limit order books

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    One popular approach to model the limit order books dynamics of the best bid and ask at level-1 is to use the reduced-form diffusion approximations. It is well known that the biggest contributing factor to the price movement is the imbalance of the best bid and ask. We investigate the data of the level-1 limit order books of a basket of stocks and study the numerical evidence of drift, correlation, volatility and their dependence on the imbalance. Based on the numerical discoveries, we develo...

  1. Magnetic-Field-Induced Weak Order in Nematic Liquid Crystals Formed by Biaxial Molecules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zhi-Dong; ZHANG De-Xian; SUN Yu-Bao

    2000-01-01

    Nematic liquid crystal system of interacting biaxial particles via dispersion forces is studied. The molecular orienting potential form in a magnetic field is given for the first time. Weakly ordered isotropic phase is treated in the two-particle cluster approximation. Taking account of the molecular biaxiality, it is found that the ratio of the lowest supercooling temperature T* to the nematic-isotropic phase transition temperature TC approaches the observed value, and the validity of the mean field theory is clarified.

  2. 48 CFR 53.301-44 - Standard Form 44, Purchase Order-Invoice-Voucher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., Purchase Order—Invoice—Voucher. EC01MY91.021 EC01MY91.022 EC01MY91.023 EC01MY91.024 ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard Form 44, Purchase Order-Invoice-Voucher. 53.301-44 Section 53.301-44 Federal Acquisition Regulations System...

  3. First-order derivative spectrophotometric estimation of nabumetone and paracetamol in tablet dosage form

    OpenAIRE

    Rote, Ambadas R.; Bhalerao, Swapnil R.

    2011-01-01

    Aim: To develop and validate a simple, precise and accurate spectrophotometric method for the simultaneous estimation of nabumetone and paracetamol in their combined tablet dosage form. This method is based on first-order derivative spectroscopy. Materials and Methods: For determination of sampling wavelengths, each of nabumetone and paracetamol were scanned in the wavelength range of 200–400 nm in the spectrum mode and sampling wavelengths were selected at 261 nm (zero crossing of nabumetone...

  4. Robust high-resolution beam-forming based on high order cross sensor processing method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Changyu Sun

    2015-01-01

    In order to obtain the robust high-resolution beam-forming, a high order cross sensor processing (CSP) approach is developed. According to the relation ship between the target bear-ing and the phase difference of each element receiving signal, this method exploits the property that the same diagonal of covariance matrix with the same phase difference and obtains (2M−1)(N−1) virtual elements (N is the original array number) by executing M order CSP. The extended virtual elements can effectively increase the physical aperture of linear array, reduce the main lobe width of beam-forming, and improve the bearing resolution. The CSP method accumulates the data on the same sub-diagonal of the covariance matrix, which can decrease the impact of background noise on beam-forming. The theoretical analysis and experimental results both show that this method has high resolution in bearing estimation, compared with the MUSIC method, which has better robustness under the lower signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).

  5. Public relations violated by unlawful use of documents to form a legal entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petukhov E.V.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The problems of determining the direct object of crime under article 173.2 of the RF Criminal Code are investigated. It’s noted that the article contains two independent corpus delicti. The characteristic that unites them is the direct object of crime, which is broken in two ways: by person providing the relevant documents and by person receiving these documents and information. Scientific points of view concerning the understanding of crime object are estimated. Understanding the object as a legal order of carrying out business activities doesn’t allow to outline the scope of the corresponding relations. Many crimes under chapter 22 of the RF Criminal Code impinge these relations. The author disagrees with the recognition of public relations, ensuring the use of necessary documents for registration of only those organizations that are engaged in lawful activities, as direct object of unlawful use of documents to form (establish, reorganize a legal entity. It’s emphasized that documents submission to the registering authority for registration of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs can be carried out by the applicant or his representative acting on the basis of a notarized power of attorney. The fact of forming legal entity should be connected with certain individuals. Then the organization will have certain responsible persons. The act provided by the analyzed corpus delicti, contributes to this rule violation. It’s summarized that the direct object of crime under considered article is public relations arising due to ensuring the statutory procedure for personalization and identification of responsible individual forming (establishing, reorganizing a legal entity.

  6. Entropy Diagnostics for Fourth Order Partial Differential Equations in Conservation Form

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phil Broadbridge

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The entropy evolution behaviour of a partial differential equation (PDE in conservation form, may be readily discerned from the sign of the local source term of Shannon information density. This can be easily used as a diagnostic tool to predict smoothing and non-smoothing properties, as well as positivity of solutions with conserved mass. The familiar fourth order diffusion equations arising in applications do not have increasing Shannon entropy. However, we obtain a new class of nonlinear fourth order diffusion equations that do indeed have this property. These equations also exhibit smoothing properties and they maintain positivity. The counter-intuitive behaviour of fourth order diffusion, observed to occur or not occur on an apparently ad hoc basis, can be predicted from an easily calculated entropy production rate. This is uniquely defined only after a technical definition of the irreducible source term of a reaction diffusion equation.

  7. Reliability Estimation of the Pultrusion Process Using the First-Order Reliability Method (FORM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baran, Ismet; Tutum, Cem C.; Hattel, Jesper H.

    2013-08-01

    In the present study the reliability estimation of the pultrusion process of a flat plate is analyzed by using the first order reliability method (FORM). The implementation of the numerical process model is validated by comparing the deterministic temperature and cure degree profiles with corresponding analyses in the literature. The centerline degree of cure at the exit (CDOCE) being less than a critical value and the maximum composite temperature ( T max) during the process being greater than a critical temperature are selected as the limit state functions (LSFs) for the FORM. The cumulative distribution functions of the CDOCE and T max as well as the correlation coefficients are obtained by using the FORM and the results are compared with corresponding Monte-Carlo simulations (MCS). According to the results obtained from the FORM, an increase in the pulling speed yields an increase in the probability of T max being greater than the resin degradation temperature. A similar trend is also seen for the probability of the CDOCE being less than 0.8.

  8. 76 FR 52997 - Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Order Approving Proposed Board Funding Final Rules for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-24

    ...\\ 15 U.S.C. 7217(b). \\2\\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). \\3\\ Release No. 34-64816 (Jul. 6, 2011) [76 FR 40950 (Jul... COMMISSION Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Order Approving Proposed Board Funding Final Rules for Allocation of the Board's Accounting Support Fee Among Issuers, Brokers, and Dealers, and Other Amendments...

  9. 75 FR 11210 - Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Order Approving Proposed Amendment to Board Rules...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    .... \\1\\ See SEC Release No. 34-61032 (November 19, 2009); 74 FR 61722 (November 25, 2009). II... required in those countries. See SEC Release No. 34-61212 (December 22, 2009); 74 FR 68875 (December 29... COMMISSION Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Order Approving Proposed Amendment to Board...

  10. A Method for Direct Systematic Observation of Collective Violence and Public Order Policing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Adang, Otto

    2016-01-01

    The article outlines a methodology for systematically observing collective violence (and public order policing in relation to it). Specific attention is given to matters of sampling and measurement and to the way in which observational challenges have been met in comparison with participant observat

  11. 77 FR 54608 - Public Land Order No. 7796; Partial Withdrawal Revocation and Transfer of Administrative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-05

    ... Public Law 111-11, 123 Stat. 1449 (2009), and subject to valid existing rights, administrative... Administrative Jurisdiction, Kirtland Air Force Base; New Mexico AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior... withdrawn. This order also transfers administrative jurisdiction to the Department of Energy to allow for...

  12. 78 FR 46950 - Ecobaby Organics, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... claims. \\2\\ See Guides for the Use of Environmental Marketing Claims, 77 FR 62, 122, 62,123 (Oct. 11... Ecobaby Organics, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal Trade.... Write ``Ecobaby Organics, File No. 122 3129'' on your comment and file your comment online at...

  13. Dialogue Police, Decision Making, and the Management of Public Order During Protest Crowd Events

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gorringe, Hugo; Stott, Clifford; Rosie, Michael

    2012-01-01

    making and enhanced police proportionality. The subsequent impact upon crowd dynamics allowed for an improved capacity for proactive public order management, encouraged ‘self-regulation’ in the crowd, and avoided the unnecessary police use of force at moments of tension. The implications of the analysis...

  14. 75 FR 41180 - Notice of Order: Revisions to Enterprise Public Use Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-15

    ... purpose of loan data field in these two databases. 4. Single-family Data Field 27 and Multifamily Data... AGENCY Notice of Order: Revisions to Enterprise Public Use Database AGENCY: Federal Housing Finance... use database (PUDB) for such mortgage data was transferred to FHFA from the U.S. Department of...

  15. 77 FR 16224 - Billion Auto, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    ... Billion Auto, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal Trade... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write ``Billion Auto, File No. 112 3209'' on your comment, and file... comment, we must receive it on or before April 16, 2012. Write ``Billion Auto, File No. 112 3209'' on your...

  16. 76 FR 24513 - Public Land Order No. 7765; Partial Revocation Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse Withdrawal; Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    ... Bureau of Land Management Public Land Order No. 7765; Partial Revocation Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse... Management to continue to be managed as part of the Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse Outstanding Natural Area. DATES... Resource Act of 2008 (43 U.S.C. 1787), which created the Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse Outstanding Natural...

  17. 24 CFR 570.601 - Public Law 88-352 and Public Law 90-284; affirmatively furthering fair housing; Executive Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Public Law 88-352 and Public Law 90... FACILITIES COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS Other Program Requirements § 570.601 Public Law 88-352 and Public Law 90-284; affirmatively furthering fair housing; Executive Order 11063. (a) The...

  18. Word Order, Grammatical Function, and Referential Form: On the Patterns of Anaphoric Reference in Finnish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsi Kaiser

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Research on reference resolution has shown that there exists a connection between the form of a referring expression and the accessibility/salience of its referent. More specifically, the most salient referents – i.e. those currently at the center of attention and most prominent at that point in the discourse – are referred to with the most reduced referring expressions. This raises the question: What kinds of factors influence a referent’s salience, i.e. make it a good candidate to be referred to with a reduced anaphoric expression? This paper focuses on two factors which have been claimed to influence referent salience: (1 grammatical/syntactic role and (2 word order. These issues are addressed from the perspective of Finnish, a highly inflected, flexible word order language which has canonical SVO order and two kinds of third person anaphors: the gender-neutral pronoun hän ‘s/he’ and the demonstrative tämä ‘this.’ In this paper, I present the results of three psycholinguistic experiments investigating the referential properties of these two anaphors, and show that hän and tämä differ in their referential properties and are sensitive to different kinds of factors. The results indicate that instead of trying to define the referential properties of these forms according to a unified notion of salience, we should investigate how different factors may be relevant for different referential expressions. The implications that these findings have for our view of how referential systems work are also discussed.

  19. A simple design rule for 1st order form-closure of underactuated hands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Krut

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The property of form-closure of a grasp, as generally defined in the literature, is based on the assumption that contact points between the hand and the object are fixed in space. However, this assumption is false when considering a grasp exerted by an underactuated hand, since in this case, it is not possible to control the position of each phalanx independently. In spite of researchers' interest in studying form-closure, none of the available published work on this subject takes into consideration the particular kinematics of underactuated hands. Actually, there are few available tools to qualify or quantify the stability of a grasp exerted by an underactuated hand, thus the design of underactuated hands mostly results from an intuitive approach. This paper aims to reduce this gap.

    A classification of underactuated hands is proposed, based on the expression of contact forces. This highlights the influence of non-backdrivable mechanisms introduced in the transmission of the closing motion of the hand on the stability of the grasp. The way to extend the original definition of form-closure to underactuated grasps is illustrated. A more general definition is formulated, which checks the stability of the set "object + hand". Using this new definition, a simple rule is proposed for designing a hand capable of achieving 1st order form-closed grasps.

    This paper was presented at the IFToMM/ASME International Workshop on Underactuated Grasping (UG2010, 19 August 2010, Montréal, Canada.

  20. Extreme Response Predictions for Jack-up Units in Second Order Stochastic Waves by FORM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jørgen Juncher; Capul, Julien

    2006-01-01

    An efficient procedure for derivation of mean outcrossing rates for non-linear wave-induced responses in stationary sea states is presented and applied to an analysis of the horizontal deck sway of a jack-up unit. The procedure is based on the theory of random vibrations and uses the first order...... reliability method (FORM) to estimate the most probable set of wave components in the ocean wave system that will lead to exceedance of a specific response level together with the associated mean outcrossing rate. The procedure bears some resemblance to the Constrained NewWave methodology, but is conceptually......-tic waves, not previously included in the analysis of jack-up units in stochastic seaways....

  1. Competing ordered structures formed by particles with a regular tetrahedral patch decoration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doppelbauer, Günther; Noya, Eva G; Bianchi, Emanuela; Kahl, Gerhard

    2012-07-18

    We study the ordered equilibrium structures of patchy particles where the patches are located on the surface of the colloid such that they form a regular tetrahedron. Using optimization techniques based on ideas of evolutionary algorithms we identify possible candidate structures. We retain not only the energetically most favourable lattices but also include a few energetically less favourable particle arrangements (i.e., local minima on the enthalpy landscape). Using suitably developed Monte Carlo based simulation techniques in an NPT ensemble we evaluate the thermodynamic properties of these candidate structures along selected isobars and isotherms and identify thereby the respective ranges of stability. We demonstrate on a quantitative level that the equilibrium structures at a given state point result from a delicate compromise between entropy, energy (i.e., the lattice sum) and packing.

  2. Self-Ordered Nanoporous Alumina Templates Formed by Anodization of Aluminum in Oxalic Acid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vida-Simiti, Ioan; Nemes, Dorel; Jumate, Nicolaie; Thalmaier, Gyorgy; Sechel, Niculina

    2012-10-01

    Anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes with highly ordered nanopores serve as ideal templates for the formation of various nanostructured materials. The procedure of the template preparation is based on a two-step self-organized anodization of aluminum. In the current study, AAO templates were fabricated in 0.3 M oxalic acid under the anodizing potential range of 30-60 V at an electrolyte temperature of ~5°C. The AAO templates were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and differential thermal analysis. The as obtained layers are amorphous; the mean pore size is between 40 nm and 75 nm and increases with the increase of the anodization potential. Well-defined pores across the whole aluminum template, a pore density of ~1010 pores/cm2, and a tendency to form a porous structure with hexagonal symmetry were observed.

  3. Patterns of Flexible Nanotubes Formed by Liquid-Ordered and Liquid-Disordered Membranes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yonggang; Agudo-Canalejo, Jaime; Grafmüller, Andrea; Dimova, Rumiana; Lipowsky, Reinhard

    2016-01-26

    Biological membranes form both intra- and intercellular nanotubes that are used for molecular sorting within single cells and for long-distance connections between different cells. Such nanotubes can also develop from synthetic lipid bilayers in their fluid state. Each nanotube has a large area-to-volume ratio and stably encloses a water channel that is thereby shielded from its surroundings. The tubes are rather flexible and can easily change both their length and their conformation. Here, we study nanotubes formed by liquid-ordered (Lo) and liquid-disordered (Ld) membranes with three lipid components exposed to aqueous mixtures of two polymers, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and dextran. Both types of membranes form striking patterns of nanotubes when we reduce the volume of giant vesicles by osmotic deflation, thereby exposing the two bilayer leaflets of the membranes to polymer solutions of different composition. With decreasing volume, three different patterns are observed corresponding to three distinct vesicle morphologies that reflect the interplay of spontaneous curvature and aqueous phase separation. We show that tube nucleation and growth is governed by two kinetic pathways and that the tubes undergo a novel shape transformation from necklace-like to cylindrical tubes at a certain critical tube length. We deduce the spontaneous curvature generated by the membrane-polymer interactions from the observed vesicle morphologies using three different and independent methods of image analysis. The spontaneous curvature of the Ld membranes is found to be 4.7 times larger than that of the Lo membranes. We also show that these curvatures are generated by weak PEG adsorption onto the membranes, with a binding affinity of about 1.6 kBT per chain. In this way, our study provides a direct connection between nanoscopic membrane shapes and molecular interactions. Our approach is rather general and can be applied to many other systems of interest such as polymersomes or

  4. Optimization of accelerator parameters using normal form methods on high-order transfer maps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Snopok, Pavel [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)

    2007-05-01

    Methods of analysis of the dynamics of ensembles of charged particles in collider rings are developed. The following problems are posed and solved using normal form transformations and other methods of perturbative nonlinear dynamics: (1) Optimization of the Tevatron dynamics: (a) Skew quadrupole correction of the dynamics of particles in the Tevatron in the presence of the systematic skew quadrupole errors in dipoles; (b) Calculation of the nonlinear tune shift with amplitude based on the results of measurements and the linear lattice information; (2) Optimization of the Muon Collider storage ring: (a) Computation and optimization of the dynamic aperture of the Muon Collider 50 x 50 GeV storage ring using higher order correctors; (b) 750 x 750 GeV Muon Collider storage ring lattice design matching the Tevatron footprint. The normal form coordinates have a very important advantage over the particle optical coordinates: if the transformation can be carried out successfully (general restrictions for that are not much stronger than the typical restrictions imposed on the behavior of the particles in the accelerator) then the motion in the new coordinates has a very clean representation allowing to extract more information about the dynamics of particles, and they are very convenient for the purposes of visualization. All the problem formulations include the derivation of the objective functions, which are later used in the optimization process using various optimization algorithms. Algorithms used to solve the problems are specific to collider rings, and applicable to similar problems arising on other machines of the same type. The details of the long-term behavior of the systems are studied to ensure the their stability for the desired number of turns. The algorithm of the normal form transformation is of great value for such problems as it gives much extra information about the disturbing factors. In addition to the fact that the dynamics of particles is represented

  5. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 203 - Technical Assistance for Public Participation Request Form

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Technical Assistance for Public Participation Request Form A Appendix A to Part 203 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE... DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION ACTIVITIES Pt. 203, App. A Appendix A to Part 203—Technical...

  6. Features of Interaction of Business and Government in the Form of Public-private partnership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oksana N. Taranenko

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Today modernization of relations between the government and the business sector is an important issue particularly relevant in the context of financial globalization in the transition to a market economy. The paper discusses the theoretical concept of public-private partnership, as a form of business organization, combining the functional features of an independent firm or companies and the government, which implementation is caused by the need to ensure the production of the most important benefits in various areas, as well as the features of the interaction of business and government. It is proposed to highlight the definition of public-private partnerships in the form of a special system of relations of economic agents, as well to determine the required features that separate this form of interaction as a partnership from other forms of interaction. Also the authors consider a system of public-private partnership in terms of coordination of joint relations between the government and business, try to identify the basic principles of interaction between the participants, identify their main advantages that each of the participants in the partnership seeks to contribute to the joint project, and identifiess areas to support sustainable development the country's economy. The paper describes the problems associated with the implementation of projects in the public-private partnership system and suggests ways to improve them, discusses the main advantages and disadvantages of such members, as the government and business.

  7. 75 FR 39950 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Cancer Trials Support Unit (CTSU) Public Use Forms and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    ... Unit (CTSU) Public Use Forms and Customer Satisfaction Surveys (NCI) SUMMARY: In compliance with the... and Use of Information Collection: CTSU collects annual surveys of customer satisfaction for clinical...: 2 CTSU Web Site Customer 250 10-15 0.2500 1.00 63 Satisfaction Survey. 3 CTSU Helpdesk Customer 300...

  8. Integrational Models and Forms of Inter-State Public-Private Partnership: Aspects of Financial Convergence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALINA KULAI

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In the article we examined the main models and forms of public-private partnership, their role in the socio-economic development and deepening of financial convergence of countries-participants of the partnership. The attention was paid to decentralization of inter-state forms of public-private partnership as the basis of cross-border and transnational partnership. The scientific research, described in this publication, have found their practical application in the realization of the project within Euro-region “Bug”. This project has founded a joined Ukrainian – Polish institution of labor migration administration and also of granting necessary permissions for realization activities within Ukraine.

  9. Modified Inverse First Order Reliability Method (I-FORM) for Predicting Extreme Sea States.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eckert-Gallup, Aubrey Celia; Sallaberry, Cedric Jean-Marie; Dallman, Ann Renee; Neary, Vincent Sinclair

    2014-09-01

    Environmental contours describing extreme sea states are generated as the input for numerical or physical model simulation s as a part of the stand ard current practice for designing marine structure s to survive extreme sea states. Such environmental contours are characterized by combinations of significant wave height ( ) and energy period ( ) values calculated for a given recurrence interval using a set of data based on hindcast simulations or buoy observations over a sufficient period of record. The use of the inverse first - order reliability method (IFORM) i s standard design practice for generating environmental contours. In this paper, the traditional appli cation of the IFORM to generating environmental contours representing extreme sea states is described in detail and its merits and drawbacks are assessed. The application of additional methods for analyzing sea state data including the use of principal component analysis (PCA) to create an uncorrelated representation of the data under consideration is proposed. A reexamination of the components of the IFORM application to the problem at hand including the use of new distribution fitting techniques are shown to contribute to the development of more accurate a nd reasonable representations of extreme sea states for use in survivability analysis for marine struc tures. Keywords: In verse FORM, Principal Component Analysis , Environmental Contours, Extreme Sea State Characteri zation, Wave Energy Converters

  10. 75 FR 59718 - US Search, Inc. And US Search, LLC; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... Search, Inc. And US Search, LLC; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal... methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations in the... following Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes the terms of the consent agreement, and the...

  11. Sport Mass Media Influence on Promoting Sports in Order to Improve Public Health

    OpenAIRE

    Majdy Ahmed Shawqi; Homoud M. Al Anazi; Ali Alshamli

    2012-01-01

    Mass media could be one of the tools used to promote a physically active lifestyle. It is a direct and potentially effective tool for reaching public with means, knowledge and information and helping them to understand the importance of a physically active lifestyle. The main purpose of the study was to discover the influence of mass media in promoting sports activities in order to improve health in Sultanate of Oman, and attempt to determine the effect of the mass media in promoting sports a...

  12. Relationship between topological order and glass forming ability in densely packed enstatite and forsterite composition glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohara, S; Akola, J; Morita, H; Suzuya, K; Weber, J K R; Wilding, M C; Benmore, C J

    2011-09-06

    The atomic structures of magnesium silicate melts are key to understanding processes related to the evolution of the Earth's mantle and represent precursors to the formation of most igneous rocks. Magnesium silicate compositions also represent a major component of many glass ceramics, and depending on their composition can span the entire fragility range of glass formation. The silica rich enstatite (MgSiO(3)) composition is a good glass former, whereas the forsterite (Mg(2)SiO(4)) composition is at the limit of glass formation. Here, the structure of MgSiO(3) and Mg(2)SiO(4) composition glasses obtained from levitated liquids have been modeled using Reverse Monte Carlo fits to diffraction data and by density functional theory. A ring statistics analysis suggests that the lower glass forming ability of the Mg(2)SiO(4) glass is associated with a topologically ordered and very narrow ring distribution. The MgO(x) polyhedra have a variety of irregular shapes in MgSiO(3) and Mg(2)SiO(4) glasses and a cavity analysis demonstrates that both glasses have almost no free volume due to a large contribution from edge sharing of MgO(x)-MgO(x) polyhedra. It is found that while the atomic volume of Mg cations in the glasses increases compared to that of the crystalline phases, the number of Mg-O contacts is reduced, although the effective chemical interaction of Mg(2+) remains similar. This unusual structure-property relation of Mg(2)SiO(4) glass demonstrates that by using containerless processing it may be possible to synthesize new families of dense glasses and glass ceramics with zero porosity.

  13. A high-order public domain code for direct numerical simulations of turbulent combustion

    CERN Document Server

    Babkovskaia, N; Brandenburg, A

    2010-01-01

    A high-order scheme for direct numerical simulations of turbulent combustion is discussed. Its implementation in the massively parallel and publicly available Pencil Code is validated with the focus on hydrogen combustion. Ignition delay times (0D) and laminar flame velocities (1D) are calculated and compared with results from the commercially available Chemkin code. The scheme is verified to be fifth order in space. Upon doubling the resolution, a 32-fold increase in the accuracy of the flame front is demonstrated. Finally, also turbulent and spherical flame front velocities are calculated and the implementation of the non-reflecting so-called Navier-Stokes Characteristic Boundary Condition is validated in all three directions.

  14. Sport Mass Media Influence on Promoting Sports in Order to Improve Public Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majdy Ahmed Shawqi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Mass media could be one of the tools used to promote a physically active lifestyle. It is a direct and potentially effective tool for reaching public with means, knowledge and information and helping them to understand the importance of a physically active lifestyle. The main purpose of the study was to discover the influence of mass media in promoting sports activities in order to improve health in Sultanate of Oman, and attempt to determine the effect of the mass media in promoting sports activities to improve health. The study sample consisted of 470 participants divide to five age groups (15-20, 21-25, 26-30, 31-35, 36-40, and over 40 years, respectively. The study used a mass mediasurvey to answer the main questions of the study. The results showed a weakness of mass media to encourage sports culture and exercise within different segments of society in order to improve health. Furthermore, it was a good signal that highlights the importance of mass media in promoting exercise in sport in order to improve health. In addition, the results of the study provide professionals in sports an adequate informationas to what mass media should be done to promote sports in order to improve health of the people of Oman. It recommend that mass media should embrace national projects to promote and encourage sport for health.

  15. New form of fuzzy bi Γ-ideals in ordered Γ-semigroup

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambo, Ibrahim; Sarmin, Nor Haniza; Khan, Hidayat Ullah; Khan, Faiz Muhammad

    2017-04-01

    The structure of ordered Γ-semigroup is a generalization of ordered semigroup. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the notion of (∈,∈Vqk) - fuzzy bi Γ-ideals in ordered Γ-semigroup. This new concept is the generalization of fuzzy bi-ideals of ordered semigroup. Further we explore some classifications of different classes such as regular, right regular in terms of (∈,∈Vqk) - fuzzy bi Γ-ideals. Particularly, we examine that the concepts of (∈,∈Vqk) - fuzzy bi Γ-ideals and (∈,∈Vqk) - fuzzy generalized bi Γ-ideals coincide in right regular ordered Γ-semigroup and regular ordered Γ- semigroup.

  16. Desobedient and Walking Practices as a Form of Independent Public Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Casado da Rocha

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available By pointing to the origin of some disobedient and walking practices in the life and works of Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862, this paper describes its development in contemporary culture by means of a comparison with independent public art (street art and walking experiences understood as mobile happenings in private spaces. Those forms of art are ephemeral and subjected to prosecution, since they often involve trespassing, which is used as the starting point of action-research in which the artist requires and is open to public attention. Looking at his experiment in Walden as a form of performance, Thoreau gave up artworks in the usual sense and instead called for an appropriation of landscape by means of a reconnection between ethics and aesthetics.

  17. The electric dipole form factor of the nucleon in chiral perturbation theory to sub-leading order

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mereghetti, E.; de Vries, J.; Hockings, W. H.; Maekawa, C. M.; van Kolck, U.

    2011-01-01

    The electric dipole form factor (EDFF) of the nucleon stemming from the QCD (theta) over bar term and from the quark color-electric dipole moments is calculated in chiral perturbation theory to sub-leading order. This is the lowest order in which the isoscalar EDFF receives a calculable, non-analyti

  18. 77 FR 37908 - Federal Supply Service; Submission for OMB Review; Standard Form (SF) 123, Transfer Order-Surplus...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ... regarding Standard Form (SF) 123, transfer order-surplus personal property and continuation sheet. A notice was published in the Federal Register at 77 FR 12840, on March 2, 2012. No comments were received... ADMINISTRATION Federal Supply Service; Submission for OMB Review; Standard Form (SF) 123, Transfer...

  19. Reliability Estimation of the Pultrusion Process Using the First-Order Reliability Method (FORM)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baran, Ismet; Tutum, Cem Celal; Hattel, Jesper Henri

    2013-01-01

    distribution functions of the CDOCE and Tmax as well as the correlation coefficients are obtained by using the FORM and the results are compared with corresponding Monte-Carlo simulations (MCS). According to the results obtained from the FORM, an increase in the pulling speed yields an increase...

  20. Separation of topological forms of plasmid DNA by anion-exchange HPLC: shifts in elution order of linear DNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Clara R; DePrince, Randolph B; Dackor, Jennifer; Weigl, Debra; Griffith, Jack; Persmark, Magnus

    2007-07-01

    We sought to establish a single anion-exchange HPLC method for the separation of linear, open circular and supercoiled plasmid topoisomers using purified topoisomeric forms of three plasmids (3.0, 5.5 and 7.6 kb). However, finding one condition proved elusive as the topoisomer elution order was determined to depend on salt gradient slope. The observed change in selectivity increased with plasmid size and was most pronounced for the linear form. Indeed, the elution order of the linear 7.6 kb plasmid was reversed relative to the supercoiled form. This observation may have implications for methods used in quality control of plasmid DNA.

  1. In search for effective public-private partnerships : An assessment of the impact of organizational form and managerial strategies in urban

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kort, Michiel; Verweij, Stefan; Klijn, Erik-Hans

    2016-01-01

    A public-private partnership (PPP) is an organizational arrangement in which knowledge and resources are pooled in order to realize outcomes. Although PPPs have become common practice in spatial planning and development, there is a continuous search for their ideal organizational form and management

  2. Higher order explicit symmetric integrators for inseparable forms of coordinates and momenta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lei; Wu, Xin; Huang, Guoqing; Liu, Fuyao

    2016-06-01

    Pihajoki proposed the extended phase-space second-order explicit symmetric leapfrog methods for inseparable Hamiltonian systems. On the basis of this work, we survey a critical problem on how to mix the variables in the extended phase space. Numerical tests show that sequent permutations of coordinates and momenta can make the leapfrog-like methods yield the most accurate results and the optimal long-term stabilized error behaviour. We also present a novel method to construct many fourth-order extended phase-space explicit symmetric integration schemes. Each scheme represents the symmetric production of six usual second-order leapfrogs without any permutations. This construction consists of four segments: the permuted coordinates, triple product of the usual second-order leapfrog without permutations, the permuted momenta and the triple product of the usual second-order leapfrog without permutations. Similarly, extended phase-space sixth, eighth and other higher order explicit symmetric algorithms are available. We used several inseparable Hamiltonian examples, such as the post-Newtonian approach of non-spinning compact binaries, to show that one of the proposed fourth-order methods is more efficient than the existing methods; examples include the fourth-order explicit symplectic integrators of Chin and the fourth-order explicit and implicit mixed symplectic integrators of Zhong et al. Given a moderate choice for the related mixing and projection maps, the extended phase-space explicit symplectic-like methods are well suited for various inseparable Hamiltonian problems. Samples of these problems involve the algorithmic regularization of gravitational systems with velocity-dependent perturbations in the Solar system and post-Newtonian Hamiltonian formulations of spinning compact objects.

  3. Nonlinear first order PDEs reducible to autonomous form polynomially homogeneous in the derivatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorgone, Matteo; Oliveri, Francesco

    2017-03-01

    It is proved a theorem providing necessary and sufficient conditions enabling one to map a nonlinear system of first order partial differential equations, polynomial in the derivatives, to an equivalent autonomous first order system polynomially homogeneous in the derivatives. The result is intimately related to the symmetry properties of the source system, and the proof, involving the use of the canonical variables associated to the admitted Lie point symmetries, is constructive. First order Monge-Ampère systems, either with constant coefficients or with coefficients depending on the field variables, where the theorem can be successfully applied, are considered.

  4. Stability of linear systems in second-order form based on structure preserving similarity transformations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stoustrup, Jakob; Pommer, Christian; Kliem, Wolfhard

    2015-01-01

    of the transformation parameters into a new system (I, B 1, C 1) with a symmetrizable matrix C 1. This procedure facilitates stability investigations. We also consider systems with a Hamiltonian spectrum which discloses marginal stability after a Jordan form preserving transformation.......This paper deals with two stability aspects of linear systems of the form Ix¨+Bx˙+Cx=0 given by the triple (I, B, C). A general transformation scheme is given for a structure and Jordan form preserving transformation of the triple. We investigate how a system can be transformed by suitable choices...

  5. Masked form priming is moderated by the size of the letter-order-free orthographic neighbourhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burt, Jennifer S; Duncum, Sophie

    2016-03-16

    University students made lexical decisions to targets preceded by masked primes. In Experiment 1, transposed-letter primes were used also in the sandwich priming paradigm, in which the target is briefly pre-presented prior to the prime. The priming effects in the masked paradigm, but not in the sandwich paradigm, were moderated by the density of the letter-order-free neighbourhood of the target. In Experiment 2, letter-order-free neighbour prime words produced a priming cost in masked priming. These results are consistent with the idea that sandwich priming attenuates letter-order-free neighbour competition in target identification. Unexpectedly, no priming cost was produced by conventional (letter-position-preserving) word neighbour primes. Order-free neighbours may produce facilitation of target processing less, and more variably, than conventional neighbours.

  6. Measuring public acceptance on renewable energy (RE) development in Malaysia using ordered probit model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zainudin, W. N. R. A.; Ishak, W. W. M.

    2017-09-01

    In 2009, government of Malaysia has announced a National Renewable Energy Policy and Action Plan as part of their commitment to accelerate the growth in renewable energies (RE). However, an adoption of RE as a main source of energy is still at an early stage due to lack of public awareness and acceptance on RE. Up to date, there are insufficient studies done on the reasons behind this lack of awareness and acceptance. Therefore, this paper is interested to investigate the public acceptance towards development of RE by measuring their willingness to pay slightly more for energy generated from RE sources, denote as willingness level and whether the importance for the electricity to be supplied at absolute lowest possible cost regardless of source and environmental impact, denote as importance level and other socio-economic factors could improve their willingness level. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods are used to achieve the research objectives. A total of 164 respondents from local universities in Malaysia participated in a survey to collect this relevant information. Using Ordered Probit model, the study shows that among the relevant socio-economic factors, age seems to be an important factor to influence the willingness level of the respondents. This paper concludes that younger generation are more willing to pay slightly more for energy generated from RE sources as compared to older generation. One of the possible reason may due to better information access by the younger generation on the RE issues and its positive implication to the world. Finding from this paper is useful to help policy maker in designing RE advocacy programs that would be able to secure public participation. These efforts are important to ensure future success of the RE policy.

  7. Re(De-Forming public administration: an expert outlook on reform planning in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana-Camelia IANCU

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available It has been argued that the West with its well-established democracies was largely responsible for the filling of the institutional vacuum the East experienced after the fall of totalitarian regimes in the eve of the 90s. Scholars of international relations and public policies loudly debated on the existent causality between the European enlargement and the administrative reforms Central and Eastern European countries experienced in the last two decades. Be it in the form of soft or hard law, financial aid or penalties, Western norms were supposed to have been transferred to acceding countries in a rather alert tempo, and with a high(er rate of compliance success. This research builds on these arguments without yet embracing them completely and tackles the issue of Western values successful transfer to public administration reform planning in Romania. The main question it attempts to answer is to what extent substantial compliance to the European expectations for building a consolidated public administration was achieved. In doing so, it compares formal national discourses of successful public administration reform with personal experiences of Romanian public managers, four years after Romania’s accession to the European Union. Between 2005 and 2008, the Romanian Government acknowledged the need for developing a highly professional, apolitical category of civil servants later to be called “public managers”. These managers, young people that were offered Governmental grants to train themselves in Western universities, were supposed to guide national reforms from the inside of the system. Their informal role was to use their Western academic and training experiences and place them against the national background so as to plan and execute a “good” public administration reform. Was this achieved? What were the intervening factors? The interviews performed on public managers from central government organizations are placed against the

  8. Ship Hull Form Optimization by Evolutionary Algorithm in Order to Diminish the Drag

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hassan Zakerdoost; Hassan Ghassemi; Mahmoud Ghiasi

    2013-01-01

    This study presents a numerical method for optimizing hull form in calm water with respect to total drag which contains a viscous drag and a wave drag.The ITTC 1957 model-ship correlation line was used to predict frictional drag and the corrected linearized thin-ship theory was employed to estimate the wave drag.The evolution strategy (ES) which is a member of the evolutionary algorithms (EAs) family obtains an optimum hull form by considering some design constraints.Standard Wigley hull is considered as an initial hull in optimization procedures for two test cases and new hull forms were achieved at Froude numbers 0.24,0.316 and 0.408.In one case the ES technique was ran for the initial hull form,where the main dimensions were fixed and the only variables were the hull offsets.In the other case in addition to hull offsets,the main dimensions were considered as variables that are optimized simultaneously.The numerical results of optimization procedure demonstrate that the optimized hull forms yield a reduction in total drag.

  9. Context, built form and space: A case of public housing estates in Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rumana Afroz

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The context of public housing development in Hong Kong can be traced back to a deep rooted history when it was a need rather than a choice. At present, the public housing estates have become a much desired residential destination by the general people of Hong Kong although several changes in design have been observed that are not completely adapted by the residents. This study aims to investigate on the changing phenomenon of the context and the built form; and its impact on space in terms of adaptability by the residents. It has been found that, forced or formal communal spaces influenced by self-conscious culture discourage social interaction where quantitative measures are only applied, and informal communal spaces encouraged by unselfconscious culture bring happy social life. Contemporary built forms in the housing estates have changed a lot both externally and internally, and attention has been given to quantitative measures and formal spatial arrangements. As a result a gap is emerging between context, built form and adapted use of space. Therefore, measures such as qualitative approach, sensitively designed spatial arrangements are recommended to minimize the gap.

  10. 32 CFR Appendix C to Part 77 - DD Form 2581-1, Public and Community Service Organization Validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false DD Form 2581-1, Public and Community Service Organization Validation C Appendix C to Part 77 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY..., App. C Appendix C to Part 77—DD Form 2581-1, Public and Community Service Organization...

  11. 77 FR 66843 - The PPG Architectural Finishes, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-07

    ... PPG Architectural Finishes, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment AGENCY... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write ``PPG Architectural, File No. 112 3160'' on your comment and file... approval, by the Commission, has been placed on the public record for a period of thirty (30) days. The...

  12. 78 FR 46949 - Essentia Natural Memory Foam Company, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... for the Use of Environmental Marketing Claims, 77 FR 62, 122, 62,123 (Oct. 11, 2012). Part II... Essentia Natural Memory Foam Company, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment AGENCY... unfair methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the...

  13. ORDER DIAGNOSTICS OF DEGREE FORMED SUBORDERS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AT THE ENTERPRISE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilya Aleksandrovich Doroshin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Results of the research conducted by means of a new technique of order diagnostics of L.N. Aksenovskaya are given in this article. The technique allows to estimate degree of formation of suborder of organizational culture. This theoretical analysis of conceptual and metho-dological bases of order diagnostics of organizational culture results of empirical research of degree of formation of the main suborders of organizational culture are also presented. It is shown that the most created is a dominating suborders, and least – taking the last place; when relaying culture from the leader to employees there can be a deterioration of its qualitative level; in a desirable state at not enough developed suborder it isn’t observed a trend to achievement of degree of their full formation.

  14. Measuring public understanding on Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) electricity bills using ordered probit model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zainudin, WNRA; Ramli, NA

    2017-09-01

    In 2016, Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) had introduced an upgrade in its Billing and Customer Relationship Management (BCRM) as part of its long-term initiative to provide its customers with greater access to billing information. This includes information on real and suggested power consumption by the customers and further details in their billing charges. This information is useful to help TNB customers to gain better understanding on their electricity usage patterns and items involved in their billing charges. Up to date, there are not many studies done to measure public understanding on current electricity bills and whether this understanding could contribute towards positive impacts. The purpose of this paper is to measure public understanding on current TNB electricity bills and whether their satisfaction towards energy-related services, electricity utility services, and their awareness on the amount of electricity consumed by various appliances and equipment in their home could improve this understanding on the electricity bills. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods are used to achieve these objectives. A total of 160 respondents from local universities in Malaysia participated in a survey used to collect relevant information. Using Ordered Probit model, this paper finds respondents that are highly satisfied with the electricity utility services tend to understand their electricity bills better. The electric utility services include management of electricity bills and the information obtained from utility or non-utility supplier to help consumers manage their energy usage or bills. Based on the results, this paper concludes that the probability to understand the components in the monthly electricity bill increases as respondents are more satisfied with their electric utility services and are more capable to value the energy-related services.

  15. The Dirac equation as one fourth-order equation for one function -- a general form

    CERN Document Server

    Akhmeteli, Andrey

    2015-01-01

    Previously (A. Akhmeteli, J. Math. Phys., v. 52, p. 082303 (2011)), the Dirac equation in an arbitrary electromagnetic field was shown to be generally equivalent to a fourth-order equation for just one component of the four-component Dirac spinor function. This was done for a specific (chiral) representation of gamma-matrices and for a specific component. In the current work, the result is generalized for a general representation of gamma-matrices and a general component (satisfying some conditions). The resulting equivalent of the Dirac equation is also much more symmetric than that of the previous work and should be useful in applications of the Dirac equation.

  16. Second-order nonlinear optical properties of mexylaminotriazine-functionalized glass-forming azobenzene derivatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umezawa, Hirohito; Jackson, Matthew; Lebel, Olivier; Nunzi, Jean-Michel; Sabat, Ribal Georges

    2016-10-01

    The second-order nonlinear optical coefficients of thin films of mexylaminotriazine-functionalized azobenzene molecular glass derivatives were measured using second harmonic generation. The thin films were poled using a custom corona poling set-up and the second harmonic light from a pulsed 1064-nm laser was detected. Four out of the six tested compounds showed optical nonlinearity and a maximum coefficient of 75 pm/V was obtained. The time dependence of the nonlinear coefficients was studied under ambient light and under dark; the second harmonic generation intensity stayed constant for thiazole-containing derivatives while a significant decay was measured for the other compounds.

  17. Cutting blade dentitions in squaliform sharks form by modification of inherited alternate tooth ordering patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Underwood, Charlie; Johanson, Zerina; Smith, Moya Meredith

    2016-11-01

    The squaliform sharks represent one of the most speciose shark clades. Many adult squaliforms have blade-like teeth, either on both jaws or restricted to the lower jaw, forming a continuous, serrated blade along the jaw margin. These teeth are replaced as a single unit and successor teeth lack the alternate arrangement present in other elasmobranchs. Micro-CT scans of embryos of squaliforms and a related outgroup (Pristiophoridae) revealed that the squaliform dentition pattern represents a highly modified version of tooth replacement seen in other clades. Teeth of Squalus embryos are arranged in an alternate pattern, with successive tooth rows containing additional teeth added proximally. Asynchronous timing of tooth production along the jaw and tooth loss prior to birth cause teeth to align in oblique sets containing teeth from subsequent rows; these become parallel to the jaw margin during ontogeny, so that adult Squalus has functional tooth rows comprising obliquely stacked teeth of consecutive developmental rows. In more strongly heterodont squaliforms, initial embryonic lower teeth develop into the oblique functional sets seen in adult Squalus, with no requirement to form, and subsequently lose, teeth arranged in an initial alternate pattern.

  18. Structure and form of folksonomy tags: The road to the public library catalogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise F. Spiteri

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Folksonomies have the potential to add much value to public library catalogues by enabling clients to: store, maintain, and organize items of interest in the catalogue using their own tags. The purpose of this paper is to examine how the tags that constitute folksonomies are structured. Tags were acquired over a thirty-day period from the daily tag logs of three folksonomy sites, Del.icio.us, Furl, and Technorati. The tags were evaluated against section 6 (choice and form of terms of the National Information Standards Organization (NISO guidelines for the construction of controlled vocabularies. This evaluation revealed that the folksonomy tags correspond closely to the NISO guidelines that pertain to the types of concepts expressed by the tags, the predominance of single tags, the predominance of nouns, and the use of recognized spelling. Potential problem areas in the structure of the tags pertain to the inconsistent use of the singular and plural form of count nouns, and the incidence of ambiguous tags in the form of homographs and unqualified abbreviations or acronyms. Should library catalogues decide to incorporate folksonomies, they could provide clear guidelines to address these noted weaknesses, as well as links to external dictionaries and references sources such as Wikipedia to help clients disambiguate homographs and to determine if the full or abbreviated forms of tags would be preferable.

  19. New forms of public-private partnership for sustainable development of the fuel and energy sector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakhomova, E. O.; Goosen, E. V.; Nikitenko, S. M.

    2017-09-01

    Public-private partnership (PPP) as a form of interaction between the public and private sectors contributes to the improvement of social and economic situation in the country. PPP is viewed in a broad context and is presented as a system of financial and non-financial relations between government and business. A number of legislative initiatives contributed to the emergence of a new form of PPP that is a special investment contract (SPIC). In the Russian regions there are legislative initiatives that provide differences in terms of contracting. In a number of regions a federal-specific volume of mandatory investment has been reduced to attract investors, while there are regions where this volume is higher than at the federal level. Monitoring of regional legislation showed that the authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation are striving to obtain guarantee obligations to create jobs and receive salaries above the average in the region. Measures to encourage investors have been determined, and the benefits to the government and business from the implementation of a SPIC have been shown.

  20. 75 FR 27362 - Notice of Temporary Order Restricting Dogs From Public Lands in the Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-14

    ..., following completion of an Environmental Assessment for the Temporary Order and signing of the Record of... New Mexico tourism/travel Web sites. 4. The following persons are exempt from this closure order: a... year. These actions are taken to protect public health and safety. 5. An Environmental Assessment for...

  1. Conformity-driven agents support ordered phases in the spatial public goods game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javarone, Marco Alberto; Antonioni, Alberto; Caravelli, Francesco

    2016-05-01

    We investigate the spatial Public Goods Game in the presence of fitness-driven and conformity-driven agents. This framework usually considers only the former type of agents, i.e., agents that tend to imitate the strategy of their fittest neighbors. However, whenever we study social systems, the evolution of a population might be affected also by social behaviors as conformism, stubbornness, altruism, and selfishness. Although the term evolution can assume different meanings depending on the considered domain, here it corresponds to the set of processes that lead a system towards an equilibrium or a steady state. We map fitness to the agents' payoff so that richer agents are those most imitated by fitness-driven agents, while conformity-driven agents tend to imitate the strategy assumed by the majority of their neighbors. Numerical simulations aim to identify the nature of the transition, on varying the amount of the relative density of conformity-driven agents in the population, and to study the nature of related equilibria. Remarkably, we find that conformism generally fosters ordered cooperative phases and may also lead to bistable behaviors.

  2. 77 FR 47089 - Public Land Order No. 7795; Withdrawal of Public Lands, Clear Creek Serpentine Area of Critical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-07

    ... Area of Critical Environmental Concern; California AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION... the Clear Creek Serpentine Area of Critical Environmental Concern. In addition, approximately 3,889... temporary closure of the public lands in the Clear Creek ] Serpentine Area of Critical Environmental...

  3. Serial order in word form retrieval: New insights from the auditory picture-word interference task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilshire, Carolyn; Singh, Sunita; Tattersall, Catherine

    2016-02-01

    One important theoretical question about word production concerns whether the phonemes of a word are retrieved in parallel or in sequential order. To address this question, Meyer and Schriefers (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 17:1146-1160, 1991) used an auditory picture-word interference task and manipulated the position of the phonemes shared between a distractor word and a target picture. They found that begin-related distractors (e.g., boat-bone) facilitated naming times when they were presented within 150 ms before or after the picture, whereas end-related distractors (e.g., cone-bone) were effective only if presented within 150 ms after the picture. This suggested that the word's end phonemes were activated later than the beginning ones. However, it remained unclear whether these effects genuinely reflected facilitation at the level of phonological retrieval. In this study, we examined later distractor presentation onsets, so that the distractors had little opportunity to influence earlier, lexical selection processes. At the latest onset tested, end-related-but not begin-related-distractors significantly facilitated naming. We concluded that late-presented distractors do indeed influence phonological encoding, and that their asymmetric effects support a sequential model of phoneme retrieval.

  4. Presbycusis phenotypes form a heterogeneous continuum when ordered by degree and configuration of hearing loss

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Paul D.; Eddins, David A.

    2010-01-01

    Many reports have documented age-by-frequency increases in average auditory thresholds in various human populations. Despite this, the prevalence of different patterns of hearing loss in presbycusis remains uncertain. We examined presbycusis phenotypes in a database of 960 subjects (552 female, 408 male, 18 to 92 yrs) that each had 30 measures of peripheral hearing sensitivity: pure tone audiograms for left and right ears from 0.25 kHz to 8 kHz and DPOAE for each ear with Fmean = 1 to 6.4 kHz. Surprisingly, the hearing phenotypes did not naturally separate into discrete classes of presbycusis. Principal component (PC) analysis revealed that two principal components account for 74 % of the variance among the 30 measures of hearing. The two components represent the overall degree (PC1) and configuration of loss (Flat vs. Sloping; PC2) and the phenotypes form a continuum when plotted against them. A heuristic partitioning of this continuum produced classes of presbycusis that vary in their degree of Sloping or Flat hearing loss, suggesting that the previously reported sub-types of presbycusis arise from the categorical segregation of a continuous and heterogeneous distribution. Further, most phenotypes lie intermediate to the extremes of either Flat or Sloping loss, indicating that if audiometric configuration does predict presbycusis etiology, then a mixed origin is the most prevalent. PMID:20144701

  5. Presbycusis phenotypes form a heterogeneous continuum when ordered by degree and configuration of hearing loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Paul D; Eddins, David A

    2010-06-01

    Many reports have documented age-by-frequency increases in average auditory thresholds in various human populations. Despite this, the prevalence of different patterns of hearing loss in presbycusis remains uncertain. We examined 'presbycusis phenotypes' in a database of 960 subjects (552 female, 408 male, 18-92 years) that each had 30 measures of peripheral hearing sensitivity: pure tone audiograms for left and right ears from 0.25 to 8 kHz and DPOAE for each ear with F(mean)=1-6.4 kHz. Surprisingly, the hearing phenotypes did not naturally separate into discrete classes of presbycusis. Principal component (PC) analysis revealed that two principal components account for 74% of the variance among the 30 measures of hearing. The two components represent the overall degree (PC1) and configuration of loss (Flat vs. Sloping; PC2) and the phenotypes form a continuum when plotted against them. A heuristic partitioning of this continuum produced classes of presbycusis that vary in their degree of Sloping or Flat hearing loss, suggesting that the previously reported sub-types of presbycusis arise from the categorical segregation of a continuous and heterogeneous distribution. Further, most phenotypes lie intermediate to the extremes of either Flat or Sloping loss, indicating that if audiometric configuration does predict presbycusis etiology, then a mixed origin is the most prevalent.

  6. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF FORMING A PROFESSIONAL IMAGE OF THE FUTURE PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Mikhailovna Semenova

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the organization of research work on forming professional image of the future public relations specialist. The purposes of the work were to study components of students’ image, to test the concept of a professional image of the specialist, and also to process and evaluate the results. The author has presented three phases of experimental research: statement, formative and evaluative. As a result, a positive trend of forming a professional image was found. The conceptual model of forming a professional image of the future experts tested in the course of experiment has shown to be highly effective, while new methods of training (training, workshops, panel discussions, action games, etc. have substantially improved the level of development of a professional image. The results can be used in the training and retraining of specialists of higher education and people whose profession related to communications.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-7-48

  7. State's moral crusade against bedroom: Misdemeanour of prostitution in new Public Order and Peace Act

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ristivojević Branislav R.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the author investigates the new Public Order and Peace Act (Ser. ZoJRM and the provisions on so-called morale offences contained therein. Of these provisions, the one he recognizes as the most revolutionary is that of a new instance of perpetration under the old offence of prostitution. With this novelty, the Act extends liability for the offence not only to the prostitute, but also to the user of her services. The author first puts forward a general criticism to the criminal and misdemeanour laws when these attempt to turn morality into the object of protection, which already has a general place in science. Then he investigates what perception of morality is protected by this offence, concluding that it crosses over into the sphere in which the freedom of citizens must in no way be interfered with - the sphere of voluntary sexual intercourse of two persons. For this reason, the author, in somewhat humorous fashion, warns, through the paper's title, that the state will have to undertake a moral crusade against bedroom if it wants to consistently enforce these provisions. Moreover, the author sheds light on the origin of this moral stance, finding its roots in the societies with dominant protestant religious ethics as the moral foundation, as well as on its genesis, seeing it in the rise in sexual morality standards that occurred in the developing industrial societies in the second half of the nineteenth century. The author concludes that to our society and our natural moral stance such foreign moral implants are unnecessary, particularly if one considers that it is precisely in the country of their origin, the US, that they have long been rejected and marked as symbols of repression and non-liberty.

  8. The public goods game with a new form of shared reward

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chunyan; Chen, Zengqiang

    2016-10-01

    Altruistic contribution to a common good evenly enjoyed by all group members is hard to explain because of the greater benefits obtained by a defector than a cooperator. A variety of mechanisms have been proposed to resolve the collective dilemma over the years, including rewards for altruism. An underrated and easily ignored phenomenon is that the altruistic behaviors of cooperators not only directly enhance the benefits of their game opponents, but also indirectly produce good influences to other allied members in their surroundings (e.g. relatives or friends). Here we propose a shared reward, in the form of extensive benefits, to extend the traditional definition of the public goods game. Mathematical analysis using the Moran process helps us to obtain the fixation probability for one ‘mutant’ cooperator to invade and dominate the whole defecting population. Results suggest that a tunable parameter exists, above a certain critical value of which natural selection favors cooperation over defection. In addition, analytical results with replicator dynamics show that this critical value influencing the evolution of altruism is closely correlated with the population size, the gaming group size and the synergy factor of the public goods game. These results, based on an extended notion of shared reward and extensive benefits, are expected to provide novel explanations for the emergence of altruistic behaviors.

  9. Produsage as a form of self-publication. A qualitative study of casual news produsage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picone, Ike

    2011-04-01

    While Axel Bruns's theory of produsage offers an adequate way of looking at a variety of sites where the production of news content takes the form of collaborative, user-driven production, it seems less suited for the study of productive news use as a user experience, as a way users engage in a more productive way with content. This article gives a first impetus towards the expansion of the theory of produsage to a more user-oriented framework that is fitted to approach produsage as a social practice, rather than as a process of information production. The empirical work presented in this paper concerns the average news user, rather than the expert bloggers and citizen journalists most studies tend to focus on. Through a qualitative, semi-experimental study based on a Living Lab-approach, motivational, situational, and social factors shaping productive news use are identified. Drawing from the findings, conceptual elements as "potential public" and "social reflex" are introduced. Self-publication is proposed as a way to understand how average news users experience productive news use.

  10. Continuum limit of the leading order HQET form factor in B{sub s}→Klν decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahr, Felix; Banerjee, Debasish; Koren, Mateusz; Simma, Hubert; Sommer, Rainer [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC; Bernardoni, Fabio [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC; Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany). Medizinische Fakultaet ' ' Carl Gustav Carus' ' ; Joseph, Anosh [Cambridge Univ. (United Kingdom). Dept. of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP); Collaboration: ALPHA Collaboration

    2016-01-15

    We discuss the computation of form factors for semi-leptonic decays of B-, B{sub s}- mesons in lattice QCD. Considering in particular the example of the static B{sub s} form factors we demonstrate that after non-perturbative renormalization the continuum limit can be taken with confidence. The resulting precision is of interest for extractions of V{sub ub}. The size of the corrections of order 1/m{sub b} is just estimated at present but it is expected that their inclusion does not pose significant difficulties.

  11. Butterflies in Formation: Predicting How Speech Order in College Public Speaking Affects Student Communication Apprehension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osmond, Erica R.

    2013-01-01

    This study addressed pedagogical practices in the public speaking classroom in an attempt to help control communication apprehension (CA) levels and improve retention rates among college students in the basic public speaking course. Guided by the theoretical frameworks of Berger and Calabrese's uncertainty reduction theory and Weiner's attribution…

  12. Butterflies in Formation: Predicting How Speech Order in College Public Speaking Affects Student Communication Apprehension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osmond, Erica R.

    2013-01-01

    This study addressed pedagogical practices in the public speaking classroom in an attempt to help control communication apprehension (CA) levels and improve retention rates among college students in the basic public speaking course. Guided by the theoretical frameworks of Berger and Calabrese's uncertainty reduction theory and Weiner's attribution…

  13. 75 FR 42752 - Nestle' HealthCare Nutrition, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-22

    ... news release describing it. A comment filed in paper form should include the ``Nestle, File No. 092... retail channels. Part I of the consent order is designed to address the complaint allegations...

  14. Eighth-Order Vacuum-Polarization Function Formed by Two Light-by-Light-Scattering Diagrams and its Contribution to the Tenth-Order Electron g-2

    CERN Document Server

    Aoyama, T; Kinoshita, T; Nio, M; Watanabe, N

    2008-01-01

    We have evaluated the contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron from six tenth-order Feynman diagrams which contain eighth-order vacuum-polarization function formed by two light-by-light scattering diagrams connected by three photons. The integrals are constructed by two different methods. In the first method the subtractive counter terms are used to deal with ultraviolet (UV) singularities together with the requirement of gauge-invariance. In the second method, the Ward-Takahashi identity is applied to the light-by-light scattering amplitudes to eliminate UV singularities. Numerical evaluation confirms that the two methods are consistent with each other within their numerical uncertainties. Combining the two results statistically and adding small contribution from the muons and/or tau leptons, we obtain $ 0.000 399 9 (18) (\\alpha/\\pi)^5$. We also evaluated the contribution to the muon $g-2$ from the same set of diagrams and found $ -1.263 44 (14) (\\alpha/\\pi)^5$.

  15. 75 FR 55586 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request Cancer Trials Support Unit (CTSU) Public Use Forms and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-13

    ... Support Unit (CTSU) Public Use Forms and Customer Satisfaction Surveys (NCI) SUMMARY: Under the provisions... Forms 2 CTSU Web Site Customer 250 10-15 0.2500 1.00 63 Satisfaction Survey. 3 CTSU Helpdesk Customer... of customer satisfaction for clinical site staff using the CTSU Help Desk and the CTSU Web site. An...

  16. 77 FR 35391 - Franklin Budget Car Sales, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-13

    ... Franklin Budget Car Sales, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal... costs, sales statistics, inventories, formulas, patterns, devices, manufacturing processes, or customer... Budget Car Sales, Inc., also doing business as Franklin Toyota/Scion (``Franklin Toyota''). The proposed...

  17. 78 FR 58555 - Public Land Order No. 7821; Withdrawal of National Forest System Land for Steamboat Rock Picnic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    ... Steamboat Rock Picnic Grounds; South Dakota AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Public Land... to protect the recreational uses and improvements at the Steamboat Rock Picnic Grounds within the... and improvements within the Steamboat Rock Picnic Grounds. Order By virtue of the authority vested...

  18. 77 FR 26760 - Kinder Morgan, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ... Kinder Morgan, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment... Comment part of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write AEl Paso Kinder Morgan, File No. 121... Commission to consider your comment, we must receive it on or before April 16, 2012. Write AEl Paso...

  19. 77 FR 66841 - The Sherwin-Williams Company; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-07

    ... Sherwin-Williams Company; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal Trade.... Write ``Sherwin-Williams, File No. 112 3198'' on your comment and file your comment online at https... consider your comment, we must receive it on or before November 26, 2012. Write ``Sherwin-Williams, File...

  20. 76 FR 60031 - Notice of Order: Revisions to Enterprise Public Use Database Incorporating High-Cost Single...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-28

    ... AGENCY Notice of Order: Revisions to Enterprise Public Use Database Incorporating High-Cost Single-Family... contains Enterprise single-family and multifamily mortgage loan-level data reported to FHFA by the... data characteristics of single-family high-cost loans purchased and securitized by the Enterprises...

  1. 76 FR 77533 - Notice of Order: Revisions to Enterprise Public Use Database Incorporating High-Cost Single...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... AGENCY Notice of Order: Revisions to Enterprise Public Use Database Incorporating High-Cost Single-Family... matrices to include certain data fields for high-cost single-family loans purchased and securitized by the... rate spread field has been corrected in the Single Family Census Tract Data Set. Both files...

  2. [Global analysis of the readability of the informed consent forms used in public hospitals of Spain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariscal-Crespo, M I; Coronado-Vázquez, M V; Ramirez-Durán, M V

    To analyse the readability of informed consent forms (ICF) used in Public Hospitals throughout Spain, with the aim of checking their function of providing comprehensive information to people who are making any health decision no matter where they are in Spain. A descriptive study was performed on a total of 11,339 ICF received from all over Spanish territory, of which 1617 ICF were collected from 4 web pages of Health Portal and the rest (9722) were received through email and/or telephone contact from March 2012 to February 2013. The readability level was studied using the Inflesz tool. A total of 372 ICF were selected and analysed using simple random sampling. The Inflesz scale and the Flesch-Szigriszt index were used to analyse the readability. The readability results showed that 62.4% of the ICF were rated as a "little difficult", the 23.4% as "normal", and the 13.4% were rated as "very difficult". The highest readability means using the Flesch index were scored in Andalusia with a mean of 56.99 (95% CI; 55.42-58.57) and Valencia with a mean of 51.93 (95% CI; 48.4-55.52). The lowest readability means were in Galicia with a mean of 40.77 (95% CI; 9.83-71.71) and Melilla, mean=41.82 (95% CI; 35.5-48.14). The readability level of Spanish informed consent forms must be improved because their scores using readability tools could not be classified in normal scales. Furthermore, there was very wide variability among Spanish ICF, which showed a lack of equity in information access among Spanish citizens. Copyright © 2017 SECA. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  3. 75 FR 66767 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Cancer Trials Support Unit (CTSU) Public Use Forms...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... Support Unit (CTSU) Public Use Forms and Customer Satisfaction Surveys (NCI) SUMMARY: Under the provisions....00 1000.00 Form. Surveys/Web Forms 2 CTSU Web Site Customer 250 10-15 0.2500 1.00 63 Satisfaction Survey. 3 CTSU Helpdesk Customer 300 10-15 0.2500 1.00 75 Satisfaction Survey. 4 CTSU OPEN Survey 120 10...

  4. The Structure and Form of Folksonomy Tags: The Road to the Public Library Catalog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise F. Spiteri

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the linguistic structure of folksonomy tags collected over a thirty-day period from the daily tag logs of Del.icio.us, Furl, and Technorati. The tags were evaluated against the National Information Standards Organization (NISO guidelines for the construction of controlled vocabularies. The results indicate that the tags correspond closely to the NISO guidelines pertaining to types of concepts expressed, the predominance of single terms and nouns, and the use of recognized spelling. Problem areas pertain to the inconsistent use of count nouns and the incidence of ambiguous tags in the form of homographs, abbreviations, and acronyms. With the addition of guidelines to the construction of unambiguous tags and links to useful external reference sources, folksonomies could serve as a powerful, flexible tool for increasing the user-friendliness and interactivity of public library catalogs, and also may be useful for encouraging other activities, such as informal online communities of readers and user-driven readers’ advisory services.

  5. Closed form solutions and dominant elimination pathways of simultaneous first-order and Michaelis-Menten kinetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xiaotian; Li, Jun; Nekka, Fahima

    2015-04-01

    The current study aims to provide the closed form solutions of one-compartment open models exhibiting simultaneous linear and nonlinear Michaelis-Menten elimination kinetics for single- and multiple-dose intravenous bolus administrations. It can be shown that the elimination half-time ([Formula: see text]) has a dose-dependent property and is upper-bounded by [Formula: see text] of the first-order elimination model. We further analytically distinguish the dominant role of different elimination pathways in terms of model parameters. Moreover, for the case of multiple-dose intravenous bolus administration, the existence and local stability of the periodic solution at steady state are established. The closed form solutions of the models are obtained through a newly introduced function motivated by the Lambert W function.

  6. Fourth-order derivative spectrophotometric method for simultaneous determination of pseudoephedrine and naproxen in pharmaceutical dosage forms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souri, Effat; Mosafer, Amir; Tehrani, Maliheh Barazandeh

    2016-01-01

    Combination dosage forms of naproxen sodium and pseudoephedrine hydrochloride are used for symptomatic treatment of cold and sinus disorders. In this study, fourth-order derivative spectrophotometric method was used for simultaneous determination of naproxen sodium and pseudoephedrine hydrochloride. The method was linear over the range of 2-28 μg/ml for pseudoephedrine hydrochloride and 4-200 μg/ml for naproxen sodium. The within-day and between-day coefficient of variation values were less than 5.8% and 2.5% for pseudoephedrine hydrochloride and naproxen sodium, respectively. The application of the proposed method for simultaneous determination of naproxen and pseudoephedrine in dosage forms was demonstrated without any special pretreatment.

  7. Fourth-order derivative spectrophotometric method for simultaneous determination of pseudoephedrine and naproxen in pharmaceutical dosage forms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Effat Souri

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Combination dosage forms of naproxen sodium and pseudoephedrine hydrochloride are used for symptomatic treatment of cold and sinus disorders. In this study, fourth-order derivative spectrophotometric method was used for simultaneous determination of naproxen sodium and pseudoephedrine hydrochloride. The method was linear over the range of 2-28 μg/ml for pseudoephedrine hydrochloride and 4-200 μg/ml for naproxen sodium. The within-day and between-day coefficient of variation values were less than 5.8% and 2.5% for pseudoephedrine hydrochloride and naproxen sodium, respectively. The application of the proposed method for simultaneous determination of naproxen and pseudoephedrine in dosage forms was demonstrated without any special pretreatment.

  8. Homotopy Continuation Method of Arbitrary Order of Convergence for Solving the Hyperbolic Form of Kepler’s Equation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M. A. Sharaf; M. A. Banajh; A. A. Alshaary

    2007-03-01

    In this paper, an efficient iterative method of arbitrary integer order of convergence ≥ 2 has been established for solving the hyperbolic form of Kepler’s equation. The method is of a dynamic nature in the sense that, moving from one iterative scheme to the subsequent one, only additional instruction is needed. Most importantly, the method does not need any prior knowledge of the initial guess. A property which avoids the critical situations between divergent and very slow convergent solutions that may exist in other numerical methods which depend on initial guess. Computational Package for digital implementation of the method is given and is applied to many case studies.

  9. 77 FR 17479 - Star Pipe Products, Ltd.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ..., and must identify the specific portions of the comment to be withheld from the public record. See FTC... 2008 price restraints among Star, McWane, and Sigma alleged in the complaint are naked restraints on... per se condemnation of naked restraints has been affected by anything said either in California Dental...

  10. 75 FR 5322 - Indoor Tanning Association; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... in the prestigious Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences determined that the risks of not... body's ability to fight disease and (2) that a study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of... of this proceeding, including on the publicly accessible FTC website, at (...

  11. ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC COURT-ORDERED-DEBT DISCLOSURE: INFLUENCE OF LEGISLATION AND FUNDAMENTALS OF ACCOUNTING THEORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Oliveira Gomes Ferreira

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study is to analyze the accounting disclosure of judicial payments warrants (precatórios, issued when governmental entities are found liable for pecuniary awards in lawsuits according to accounting theory, and to verify if the current legislation interferes in the accounting treatment of these instruments. In this sense, we performed a documental and literature review about the legal framework and accounting procedures adopted, as well gathered data from the National Treasury Secretariat Data Collection System (SISTN in the period 2004-2009 and consulted a study carried out by the Supreme Court (STF in 2004. The study’s justification is based on the perception that over than a half of judicial payment warrants are not registered in the public accounts. Consequently, whereas these warrants (i vested rights of the plaintiffs and (ii debts of the public entity, the lack of accounting disclosure jeopardizes both the beneficiary, whose right is not reflected in the public accounts, thus casting doubt on the expectation to receive payment, and government managers and society, who do not have reliable information that allows effective management. The innovation of this paper consists of discussing identification of the appropriate moment of the generating event of the underlying debts and the proposal of disclosure considering the risk classification. In conclusion, the influence of the current legislation and the failure to observe accounting fundamentals are among the likely factors that have affected the proper accounting of judicial payment warrants within the Brazilian public administration.

  12. 77 FR 75689 - Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rules on Auditing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... risks; Information about the nature and extent of specialized skill or knowledge needed in the audit... alone, while others expressed a view that both the accountant and management should share the... Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (``ASB'') and observed that the...

  13. 77 FR 59679 - Central Vermont Public Service Corporation (Millstone Power Station, Unit 3); Order Approving...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    .... (DNC), Central Vermont Public Service Corporation (CVPS) and Massachusetts Municipal Wholesale Electric Company (MMWE) (collectively ``the licensees'' or ``DNC, Inc., et al.'') are the co-holders of the Renewed... Power Station, Unit 3 (MPS3). CVPS is a non-operating owner of a 1.7303% interest in MPS3. DNC is...

  14. 50 CFR 21.48 - Depredation order for double-crested cormorants to protect public resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., BARTER, EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) MIGRATORY BIRD PERMITS Control of... proposed control activity, specifying what public resources are being impacted, how many birds are likely... other birds are present; and (C) Contact information for the person in charge of the control action. (ii...

  15. Public Employee Impasse Resolution by Judicial Order: The Nebraska Court of Industrial Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good, Wallace E.

    1973-01-01

    Discusses Nebraska's approach to public employee relations, the Nebraska Court of Industrial Relations. Suggests that the pattern developed in Nebraska, although it may appear somewhat more accidental than intentional, may offer a model to other States for strengthening impasse resoltuion machinery. (Author/JF)

  16. Ordinary sonic public space. Sound perception parameters in urban public spaces and sonic representations associated with urban forms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solène MARRY

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The research referred to in the article concerns the factors influencing the perception of ordinary sonic public space and everyday sounds. Sound perception parameters, such as vegetation or sound sources, are analysed in urban public spaces. This research, which is based on my PhD project, tries to understand how urban people perceive their sonic environment and try to contribute to sonic ambiance knowledge. The research is based on a qualitative investigation conducted among 29 people. It is, on the one hand, based on questionnaires and focus groups in situ and, on the other hand, on individual interviews (in-depth interviews, sonic mind maps, and it illustrates different parameters (temporal, spatial, sensitive and individual that influence a person’s assessment of the sound environment. This qualitative investigation is correlated with acoustic measures in two seasons. The results show, among other things, the impact of vegetation and urban fittings on sonic perception, and they underline the influence of city planning and urban fittings on sound perception in public urban spaces.

  17. 75 FR 44281 - Public Land Order No. 7747; Partial Revocation, Juniper Butte Range; Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... United States Air Force in Owyhee County, Idaho for the Juniper Butte Range. This order also opens the.... 13, lot 1. The area described contains 5 acres, more or less, in Owyhee County. 2. At 9 a.m.,...

  18. Preliminary benefits study for a public service communications satellite system: Task order 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-01-01

    The economic and social benefits to accrue from an operational public service communications satellite system are estimated for the following applications: teleradiology, emergency medical services, teleconferencing for both civilian and defense agencies, data transfer, remote cardiac monitoring, teleconsultation, continuing education for professionals, and severe storm warning. The potential impact of improved communication on the cost and quality of services are assessed for various agencies, professions, and industries.

  19. 78 FR 63464 - William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program Repayment Plan Selection Form; Extension of Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-24

    ...On October 3, 2013 the U.S. Department of Education published a 30-day comment period notice in the Federal Register (Page 61347, Column 2) seeking public comment for an information collection entitled, ``William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program Repayment Plan Selection Form''. ED is extending the comment period to November 18, 2013 due to the public's inability to access the collection at......

  20. Chemical short-range order domain in bulk amorphous alloy and the prediction of glass forming ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUI; Xidong(惠希东); YAO; Kefu(姚可夫); KOU; Hongchao(寇宏超); CHEN; Guoliang(陈国良)

    2003-01-01

    Short-range order domains of face central cubic Zr2Ni (F-Zr2Ni) and tetragonal Zr2Ni (T-Zr2Ni) type structure with a size about 1-3 nanometers were observed in bulk amorphous Zr52.5Cu17.9Ni14.6Al10Ti5 alloy by using HREM and nano-beam electron diffraction technique. A new thermodynamic model was formulated based on the concept of chemical short-range order (SCRO). The molar fractions of CSRO and thermodynamic properties in Ni-Zr, Cu-Zr, Al-Zr, Al-Ni, Zr-Ni-Al and Zr-Ni-Cu were calculated. According to the principle of maximum the optimum glass forming ability (GFA) compositions were predicted in binary and ternary alloys. These results were proved to be valid by the experimental data of crystallizing activation energy, ΔTx and XRD patterns. The TTT curves of Zr-Ni-Cu alloys calculated based on CSRO model shows that the lowest critical cooling rate GFA is in the order of 100 K/s, which is close to the practical cooling rate for the preparation of Zr-based BMG alloys.

  1. The fungal cerato-platanin protein EPL1 forms highly ordered layers at hydrophobic/hydrophilic interfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonazza, K; Gaderer, R; Neudl, S; Przylucka, A; Allmaier, G; Druzhinina, I S; Grothe, H; Friedbacher, G; Seidl-Seiboth, V

    2015-03-07

    Cerato-platanin proteins (CPPs) and hydrophobins are two classes of small, secreted proteins that are exclusively found in fungi. CPPs are known as chitin-binding proteins, and were recently also shown to form protein layers at air/water interfaces, but the features of these layers were not investigated on the molecular level yet. In this study, by means of atomic force microscopy (AFM), EPL1, a member of the CPP family was shown to form highly ordered monolayers at a hydrophobic surface/liquid-interface. Furthermore, two new hydrophobins were analysed, and the influence of EPL1 on hydrophobin layers was studied in situ. Hydrophobins are amphiphilic proteins that are able to self-assemble at hydrophobic/hydrophilic interfaces, thereby inverting the polarity of the surface. This renders fungal growth structures such as spores water repellent. The combination of AFM data and wettability experiments led to the conclusion that in presence of both, hydrophobins and EPL1, a previously unknown hybrid layer is formed. This mixed protein layer is on one hand not inverting but enhancing the hydrophobicity of HOPG (highly oriented pyrolytic graphite), typical for EPL1, and on the other hand, it is stable and water insoluble, which is reminiscent of hydrophobin layers.

  2. ALGORITHM FOR PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS AS A FORM OF BUSINESS IN THE ENVIRONMENT NATIONAL PARKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gleb A. Sobolev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the current state ofthe public-private partnership in Russia;the algorithm of partnership betweenthe government and the private sectorto develop the business environment ofnational parks. Identified as particularactivities of protected areas, taking into account national and international practices;Consider their relationship and cooperation with public or private entities.

  3. Accountability in the newsroom: Reaching out to the public of a form of window dressing?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haan, Y.M. de; Bardoel, J.L.H.

    2012-01-01

    Pressure from politics and the public has created a greater demand for the media to be more accountable. Moreover, growing structural changes in the media landscape - including media concentration, commercialization, fiercer competition, an increasingly fragmented public, and the advent of new media

  4. Accountability in the newsroom: reaching out to the public or a form of window dressing?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Haan, Y.; Bardoel, J.

    2012-01-01

    Pressure from politics and the public has created a greater demand for the media to be more accountable. Moreover, growing structural changes in the media landscape - including media concentration, commercialization, fiercer competition, an increasingly fragmented public, and the advent of new media

  5. Behave or Be Banned? Banning Orders and Selective Exclusion from Public Space

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schuilenburg, M.B.

    2015-01-01

    By describing the practice of banning orders in the Netherlands, we inves- tigate how the involved parties are dealing with their new responsibilities. We describe the way the changes in security management exert further influence in the spatial environment of city centers, and we analyze what this

  6. 77 FR 58837 - CarePatrol, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... violations of federal law prohibiting unfair or deceptive acts or practices or unfair methods of competition... statements CarePatrol has made in Internet advertising regarding its placement services for seniors requiring...Patrol has engaged in deceptive practices in violation of Section 5(a) of the FTC Act. The proposed order...

  7. 75 FR 80051 - The Dannon Company, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... proposed order. This matter involves the advertising and promotion of DanActive, a probiotic dairy drink..., labeling, advertising, promotion, offering for sale, sale, or distribution of any covered product, in or... scientific evidence. As noted in the Commission's Enforcement Policy Statement on Food Advertising, ``...

  8. 77 FR 50508 - Brain-Pad, Inc; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... of any test, study, or research, including, but not limited to, any misrepresentation that scientific... respondents made the false and misleading claim that they possessed scientific studies that proved their... order prohibits proposed respondents, in connection with the marketing of any Covered Product,...

  9. 78 FR 37242 - Request for Public Comments: Interagency Review of Exclusion Order Enforcement Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    ... investigates allegations regarding unfair practices in import trade, including allegations related to intellectual property infringement, as well as other forms of unfair competition. Once the ITC finds a... enforcement? 7. Please identify any additional areas of consideration regarding improvements that could...

  10. 76 FR 25353 - Hikma Pharmaceuticals PLC; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-04

    ... dizziness, and to help people go to sleep and control their pain or anxiety before or after surgery. Sales... should be submitted by using the following Web link: https://ftcpublic.commentworks.com/ftc/hikmabaxter... electronic comment, you must file it on the Web-based form at the Web link:...

  11. 77 FR 16225 - Ramey Motors, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    ... comment confidential treatment, you must file it in paper form, with a request for confidential treatment... confidential treatment that accompanies the comment must include the factual and legal basis for the request... off the balance of the loan on the trade-in vehicle such that the consumer will have no...

  12. Revisiting the vector form factor at next-to-leading order in 1/N{sub C}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosell, Ignasi, E-mail: rosell@uch.ceu.e [Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Matematicas y de la Computacion, Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera, c/ Sant Bartomeu 55, E-46115 Alfara del Patriarca, Valencia (Spain); IFIC, Universitat de Valencia - CSIC, Apt. Correus 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

    2010-10-15

    Using the Resonance Chiral Theory lagrangian, we perform a calculation of the vector form factor of the pion at the next-to-leading order (NLO) in the 1/N{sub C} expansion. Imposing the correct QCD short-distance constraints, one determines it in terms of F, G{sub V}, F{sub A} and resonance masses. Its low momentum expansion fixes then the low-energy chiral couplings L{sub 9} and C{sub 88} -C{sub 90} at NLO, keeping full control of their renormalization scale dependence. At {mu}{sub 0} = 0.77 GeV, we obtain L{sup r}{sub 9}({mu}{sub 0}) = (7.6 {+-} 0.6) . 10{sup -3} and C{sup r}{sub 88}({mu}{sub 0}) -C{sup r}{sub 90}({mu}{sub 0}) = (-4.5 {+-} 0.5) . 10{sup -5}.

  13. Guided proliferation and bone-forming functionality on highly ordered large diameter TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Ruopeng; Wu, Hongliu; Ni, Jiahua, E-mail: jiahua.ni@sjtu.edu.cn; Zhao, Changli; Chen, Yifan; Zheng, Chengjunyi; Zhang, Xiaonong, E-mail: xnzhang@sjtu.edu.cn

    2015-08-01

    The significantly enhanced osteoblast adhesion, proliferation and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were observed on TiO{sub 2} nanotube surface in recent studies in which the scale of nanotube diameter was restricted under 100 nm. In this paper, a series of highly ordered TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays with larger diameters ranging from 150 nm to 470 nm were fabricated via high voltage anodization. The behaviors of MC3T3-E1 cells in response to the diameter-controlled TiO{sub 2} nanotubes were investigated. A contrast between the trend of proliferation and the trend of cell elongation was observed. The highest cell elongation (nearly 10:1) and the lowest cell number were observed on the TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays with 150 nm diameter. While, the lowest cell elongation and highest cell number were achieved on the TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays with 470 nm diameter. Furthermore, the ALP activity peaked on the 150 nm diameter TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays and decreased dramatically with the increase of nanotube diameter. Thus a narrow range of diameter (100–200 nm) that could induce the greatest bone-forming activity is determined. It is expected that more delicate design of orthopedic implant with regional abduction of cell proliferation or bone forming could be achieved by controlling the diameter of TiO{sub 2} nanotubes. - Highlights: • Improved anodization methods leading to more ordered large diameter TiO{sub 2} nanotubes • Significantly enhanced ALP activity was observed on 150 nm diameter TiO{sub 2} nanotubes. • The highest cell density was observed on 470 nm diameter TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays. • Similar cell response was observed on the amorphous and anatase phased nanotube surface.

  14. Icosahedral medium-range order formed in Mg70Zn30 metallic glass: a larger-scale molecular dynamics simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hou Zhao-Yang; Liu Rang-Su; Tian Ze-An; Wang Jin-Guo

    2011-01-01

    A larger-scale Mg70Zn30 alloy system including 100000 atoms has been simulated by using the molecular dynamics method to investigate the icosahedral medium-range order (IMRO) formed in the Mg70Zn30 metallic glass. It is found that the simulated pair distribution function of Mg70Zn30 metallic glass is in good agreement with the experimental results. The glass transition temperature Tg is near 450 K under the cooling rate of 1×1012 K/s. The icosahedral local structures play a critical role in the formation of metallic glass, and they are the dominant local configurations in the Mg70Zn30 metallic glass. The IMRO in the Mg70Zn30 metallic glass is characterized by certain types of extended icosahedral clusters combined by intercross-sharing atoms in the form of chains or dendrites. The size distributions of these IMRO clusters present a magic number sequence of 19, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39,..., and the magic clusters can be classified into three types according to their compactness. The IMRO clusters grow rapidly in a low-dimensional way with cooling, but this growth is limited near Tg.

  15. Guided proliferation and bone-forming functionality on highly ordered large diameter TiO2 nanotube arrays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ruopeng; Wu, Hongliu; Ni, Jiahua; Zhao, Changli; Chen, Yifan; Zheng, Chengjunyi; Zhang, Xiaonong

    2015-08-01

    The significantly enhanced osteoblast adhesion, proliferation and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were observed on TiO2 nanotube surface in recent studies in which the scale of nanotube diameter was restricted under 100 nm. In this paper, a series of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays with larger diameters ranging from 150 nm to 470 nm were fabricated via high voltage anodization. The behaviors of MC3T3-E1 cells in response to the diameter-controlled TiO2 nanotubes were investigated. A contrast between the trend of proliferation and the trend of cell elongation was observed. The highest cell elongation (nearly 10:1) and the lowest cell number were observed on the TiO2 nanotube arrays with 150 nm diameter. While, the lowest cell elongation and highest cell number were achieved on the TiO2 nanotube arrays with 470 nm diameter. Furthermore, the ALP activity peaked on the 150 nm diameter TiO2 nanotube arrays and decreased dramatically with the increase of nanotube diameter. Thus a narrow range of diameter (100-200 nm) that could induce the greatest bone-forming activity is determined. It is expected that more delicate design of orthopedic implant with regional abduction of cell proliferation or bone forming could be achieved by controlling the diameter of TiO2 nanotubes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Public-private partnerships in urban regeneration projects: Organizational form or managerial capacity?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.B. Kort (Michiel); E-H. Klijn (Erik-Hans)

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Urban regeneration companies (URCs) are public-private entities appearing across Europe. They are created specifically to manage and implement more effectively urban regeneration projects. Core ideas behind the establishment of these newly emerging partnerships aim to

  17. Collaborative design and use of an agency feedback form for student clinical practicum experience in community/public health nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reilly, Janet Resop; Collier, Jill; Edelstein, Janice; Vandenhouten, Chris; Hovarter, Rebecca; Hansen, Judith M; Stewart, Stephanie; Turner, Mary Jo

    2012-01-01

    Evaluation of students in community and public health (C/PH) nursing clinical practica is a challenge, especially when preceptors are expected to evaluate students from different academic nursing programs. The need for a standardized student evaluation tool was identified during federally funded collaborative meetings held between C/PH academic and practice partners in Northeastern Wisconsin. This article focuses on the development and appraisal of the standardized Agency Feedback Form (AFF) for Student Practicum Experience in Community/Public Health Nursing, which was designed to meet the identified need. Four baccalaureate nursing programs implemented the AFF for 3 purposes: (1) to provide a consistent and easy evaluation form for preceptors to complete; (2) to communicate useful information about students' individual professional behaviors observed during practicum; and (3) to increase students' and preceptors' understanding of the population-based nursing interventions, using the Public Health Intervention Wheel. Future uses and implications of the AFF are also discussed.

  18. Conformity-Driven Agents Support Ordered Phases in the Spatial Public Goods Game

    CERN Document Server

    Javarone, Marco Alberto; Caravelli, Francesco

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the spatial Public Goods Game in the presence of conformity-driven agents on a bi-dimensional lattice with periodic boundary conditions. The present setting usually considers fitness-driven agents, i.e., agents that tend to imitate the strategy of their fittest neighbors. Here, fitness is a general property usually adopted to quantify the extent to which individuals are able to succeed, or at least to survive, in a competitive environment. However, when social systems are considered, the evolution of a population might be affected also by social behaviors as conformity, stubbornness, altruism, and selfishness. Although the term evolution can assume different meanings depending on the considered domain, here it corresponds to the set of processes that lead a system towards an equilibrium or a steady-state. In doing so, we use two types of strategy update rules: fitness-driven and conformity-driven. We map fitness to the agents' payoff so that richer agents are those most imitated by fitness-driv...

  19. Negative mental imagery in public speaking anxiety: Forming cognitive resistance by taxing visuospatial working memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homer, Sophie R; Deeprose, Catherine; Andrade, Jackie

    2016-03-01

    This study sought to reconcile two lines of research. Previous studies have identified a prevalent and causal role of negative imagery in social phobia and public speaking anxiety; others have demonstrated that lateral eye movements during visualisation of imagery reduce its vividness, most likely by loading the visuospatial sketchpad of working memory. It was hypothesised that using eye movements to reduce the intensity of negative imagery associated with public speaking may reduce anxiety resulting from imagining a public speaking scenario compared to an auditory control task. Forty undergraduate students scoring high in anxiety on the Personal Report of Confidence as a Speaker scale took part. A semi-structured interview established an image that represented the participant's public speaking anxiety, which was then visualised during an eye movement task or a matched auditory task. Reactions to imagining a hypothetical but realistic public speaking scenario were measured. As hypothesised, representative imagery was established and reduced in vividness more effectively by the eye movement task than the auditory task. The public speaking scenario was then visualised less vividly and generated less anxiety when imagined after performing the eye movement task than after the auditory task. Self-report measures and a hypothetical scenario rather than actual public speaking were used. Replication is required in larger as well as clinical samples. Visuospatial working memory tasks may preferentially reduce anxiety associated with personal images of feared events, and thus provide cognitive resistance which reduces emotional reactions to imagined, and potentially real-life future stressful experiences. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Multi-stakeholder dialogue on formal and informal forms of public transport in Harare, Zimbabwe: Convergence or divergence perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatenda Mbara

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Cities in the developing world are growing both geographically and demographically. Thisgrowth has increased pressure on services, including the public transport systems used bythe majority of people. In the last two decades public transport provision has undergoneconsiderable changes. Concomitant to these changes there has been debate on the formof public transport to be operated. Such debate has been informal, general, and at timesacademic, and therefore not able to provide substantive understanding of the views of keystakeholders. Zimbabwe has had an explosion of informal transport activity in the formof minibuses, and decision makers appear to be in a policy dilemma because of a need tostrike a balance between maximising passenger welfare whilst protecting the livelihoods ofindigenous minibus operators and striving to build an efficient and environmentally soundurban transport system. Critical questions for policy dialogue in this conundrum include,inter alia: How do stakeholders perceive the current public transport system? How can publictransport be sustainably provided? This study seeks to answer these questions using a casestudy of Harare. A qualitative research approach blended with some quantitative aspects wasused. Initial steps involved the identification and clustering of key urban public passengertransport stakeholders, followed by structured and unstructured interviews. Although thereis lack of consensus on the form of public transport that the City of Harare should adopt, thereis a strong view that a mass transit system is the backbone of sustainable public transport.

  1. Forming perceptions and the limits to public participation on ocean commons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hadjimichael, Maria; Delaney, Alyne

    2017-01-01

    Public views of, and public participation in, the management of commons are increasingly being recommended and sought after in environmental management processes. Yet, given the limits of today’s liberal democracy, what are the weaknesses? This article presents data from a citizens jury-inspired ......Public views of, and public participation in, the management of commons are increasingly being recommended and sought after in environmental management processes. Yet, given the limits of today’s liberal democracy, what are the weaknesses? This article presents data from a citizens jury......-inspired deliberative workshop held to tease out stakeholder views of management priorities for a section of the North Sea: the Dogger Bank. As this article reveals, the lessons learned from the Dogger Bank workshop advocate not simply what is required for managing one particular ocean commons, but also highlight some...... inherent, yet often unacknowledged, in public participation in environmental management. Stakeholder opinions uncovered through workshop discussions also show how commons are viewed today – as an economic resource-- highlighting the trend of the mainstreaming of the commodification of the commons....

  2. Immigration, Statecraft and Public Health: The 1920 Aliens Order, Medical Examinations and the Limitations of the State in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Becky

    2016-01-01

    This article considers the medical measures of the 1920 Aliens Order barring aliens from Britain. Building on existing local and port public health inspection, the requirement for aliens to be medically inspected before landing significantly expanded the duties of these state agencies and necessitated the creation of a new level of physical infrastructure and administrative machinery. This article closely examines the workings and limitations of alien medical inspection in two of England’s major ports—Liverpool and London—and sheds light on the everyday working of the Act. In doing so it reflects on the ambitions, actions and limitations of the state and so extends research by historians of the nineteenth and early twentieth century on the disputed histories of public health and the complexities of statecraft. Overall it suggests the importance of developing nuanced understandings of the gaps and failures arising from the translation of legislation into practice. PMID:27482146

  3. Interpretation Principles of Jus Cogens Principles as Public Order in International Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Andritoi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available What is happening if the custom is founded on the coincidence of interests, or even worse, on error? If we rapport specific problems of international customary law to the principles of judicial interpretation it results that a common error (including opinio juris does not disturb the process of legality proper to the principle error communis facit jus. According to the principle of equity, a common error operates only if the victim’s interests are not affected in an irreparable manner. In this case, the error is insuperable and represents a vice for judicial nullity. Error cannot be accepted when it results from the actions of the state, realized with bad intention, as coercion is. Pacta sunt servanda as a jus cogens norm protects nor only good faith. Thus, through interpretation theories in the Anglo-American environment we will use the refinement of a traditional position in continental interpretation, arguing a general method of interpretation based on the recovery of the legislator’s intentions, had at the moment of an edition of a juridical norm. We will use of this application thedialectics between meanings expressed by the text and those the interpret advances with the role of interpretative hypothesis in order to find its meaning.

  4. Public-private partnerships in urban regeneration projects: Organizational form or managerial capacity?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.B. Kort (Michiel); E-H. Klijn (Erik-Hans)

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Urban regeneration companies (URCs) are public-private entities appearing across Europe. They are created specifically to manage and implement more effectively urban regeneration projects. Core ideas behind the establishment of these newly emerging partnerships aim to t

  5. 40 CFR 141.203 - Tier 2 Public Notice-Form, manner, and frequency of notice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... is required, taking into account potential health impacts and persistence of the violation; and (3...., house renters, apartment dwellers, university students, nursing home patients, prison inmates, etc... private employers); posting in public places served by the system or on the Internet; or delivery...

  6. Higher-order assemblies of oligomeric cargo receptor complexes form the membrane scaffold of the Cvt vesicle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertipaglia, Chiara; Schneider, Sarah; Jakobi, Arjen J; Tarafder, Abul K; Bykov, Yury S; Picco, Andrea; Kukulski, Wanda; Kosinski, Jan; Hagen, Wim Jh; Ravichandran, Arvind C; Wilmanns, Matthias; Kaksonen, Marko; Briggs, John Ag; Sachse, Carsten

    2016-07-01

    Selective autophagy is the mechanism by which large cargos are specifically sequestered for degradation. The structural details of cargo and receptor assembly giving rise to autophagic vesicles remain to be elucidated. We utilize the yeast cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway, a prototype of selective autophagy, together with a multi-scale analysis approach to study the molecular structure of Cvt vesicles. We report the oligomeric nature of the major Cvt cargo Ape1 with a combined 2.8 Å X-ray and negative stain EM structure, as well as the secondary cargo Ams1 with a 6.3 Å cryo-EM structure. We show that the major dodecameric cargo prApe1 exhibits a tendency to form higher-order chain structures that are broken upon interaction with the receptor Atg19 in vitro The stoichiometry of these cargo-receptor complexes is key to maintaining the size of the Cvt aggregate in vivo Using correlative light and electron microscopy, we further visualize key stages of Cvt vesicle biogenesis. Our findings suggest that Atg19 interaction limits Ape1 aggregate size while serving as a vehicle for vacuolar delivery of tetrameric Ams1.

  7. FIRST ORDER DERIVATIVE SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF TELMISARTAN AND CHLORTHALIDONE IN BULK AND PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parmar Kreny E.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A simple, precise, and accurate method was developed for the estimation of Telmisartan (TEL and Chlorthalidone (CHL in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage form using first order derivative spectrophotometry. Wavelength selected for quantitation were 264.85nm for Telmisartan (zero crossing point of Chlorthalidone and 222.38nm for Chlorthalidone(zero crossing point of Telmisartan. The method was validated with respect to linearity, accuracy, precision, limit of detection and limit of quantitation in accordance with the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH guidelines. Linearity was observed in concentration range of 8-48 µg/ml for Telmisartan and 2.5-15 µg/ml for Chlorthalidone. The limit of detection and limit of quantitation were found to be 0.234µg/ml and 0.712 µg/ml for Telmisartan and 0.102 µg/ml and 0.309 µg/ml for Chlorthalidone. The percentage recovery of Telmisartan and Chlorthalidone was found to be 99.26% and 99.36% respectively. The % R.S.D. values for intra-day and inter-day precision study were <1.0%, confirming that the method was sufficiently precise. The method can be successfully employed for the simultaneous estimation of Telmisartan and Chlorthalidone in pharmaceutical formulations.

  8. 76 FR 45546 - Public Meeting on Recommendations for Improvement of Student Financial Aid Offer Forms...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-29

    ... Model Financial Aid Forms AGENCY: Office of Postsecondary Education, Department of Education. ACTION... higher education (including financial aid administrators, registrars, and business officers), and... information regarding the financial aid offered. (6) Any other information the Secretary of...

  9. PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS AS A LEGITIMATE FORMS OF TRANSFORMATION OF STATE AND COMPANIES COOPERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liudmila V. Goryainova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article outlines the theoretical approaches to the study of the transformation of the forms of interaction between government and firms under the influence of the evolution of the productive forces and relations of production, depending on the mechanism for the coordination of economic activity, the level of competition and the dominant form of ownership. Substantiated, that partnerships between government and firms are a natural result of the transformation of these relations in the post-industrial economy.

  10. Form and Order of Citizen's Political Participation in China%我国公民参与的形式与秩序

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董韦

    2011-01-01

    During the transitional period,Chinese citizen's participation includes not anly the deeds of influencing public power but also the activities that defend their own interests from the public right violations. The citizen's participant can be divided into direct participation and indirect par- ticipation, democratic participation in the public field and the autonomy participation of citizens. However,these forms have their advantages and disadvantages at the same time. We need to re- plenish shortage from system design. Therefore we need to envisage all problems from the citizen participation to avoid such a phenomenon of "overflow" from the shortage of institutional envi- ronment,so as to respect citizens' rights,to promate the abilities of citizen participation,to build an orderly participation environment, to cultivate public trust in the society and to improve socialist democracy forward.%转型期中国公民参与,不仅包括为了影响公共权力的行为,还包括因受公共权力侵害而捍卫自身权益的活动。参与形式可分为政治领域中的间接参与和直接参与、公共领域的民主参与、公民的自治性参与,这些形式各有其优势同时也凸现出局限性,需要新的形式来补充。因此,应正视现实参与环境中存在的问题,力求避免制度化环境延展不足而产生的“溢出现象”,尊重公民权利和提升公民参与能力,构建有序的参与环境,培育社会的公共信任,以推进社会主义民主政治向前发展。

  11. A study on the efficiency and stability of high-order numerical methods for Form-II and Form-III of the nonlinear Klein-Gordon equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Encinas, A. H.; Gayoso-Martínez, V.; Martín Del Rey, A.; Martín-Vaquero, J.; Queiruga-Dios, A.

    2016-03-01

    In this paper, we discuss the problem of solving nonlinear Klein-Gordon equations (KGEs), which are especially useful to model nonlinear phenomena. In order to obtain more exact solutions, we have derived different fourth- and sixth-order, stable explicit and implicit finite difference schemes for some of the best known nonlinear KGEs. These new higher-order methods allow a reduction in the number of nodes, which is necessary to solve multi-dimensional KGEs. Moreover, we describe how higher-order stable algorithms can be constructed in a similar way following the proposed procedures. For the considered equations, the stability and consistency of the proposed schemes are studied under certain smoothness conditions of the solutions. In addition to that, we present experimental results obtained from numerical methods that illustrate the efficiency of the new algorithms, their stability, and their convergence rate.

  12. Public Order: Challenges of Inter-Institutional and Regional Cooperation in the Context of the Knowledge Society. A Question of Economic and Social Efficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana Balan; Cornelia Dumitru; George Balan

    2011-01-01

    The context of public policies undergoes a process of rapid change due to the emergence of the dynamic knowledge-based economy and society. Public administration institutions need to adapt their material and human resources to the dynamic developments of the knowledge and information society in order to maintain efficiency and effectiveness of their scopes. One of the most fragile fields is public order and the need for improved inter-institutional cooperation at national, regional, and EU-le...

  13. Forms of contractual documents for public gas distribution; Modeles de documents contractuels pour la distribution publique de gaz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-12-01

    This document is a compilation of standard forms of concession agreements and of specifications for public gas distribution (general dispositions, granted network and works, connection to the granted network, gas quality, contracts and conditions of supply, gas prices, concession end and control, various dispositions, agreement between the town and the grantee, calculation of profit rate, gas retail prices, general conditions of supply). (J.S.)

  14. LOCAL ACTION GROUPS – A NEW FORM OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN RURAL AREAS OF BULGARIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zornitsa STOYANOVA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the paper is to assess the problems of creation and functioning of local action groups as form of public-private partnership. It is based on the survey and data provided by Ministry of Agriculture and Food. Conclusions in this report reflect the results of a research project of the University of National and World Economy, developed by the author team.

  15. Allelopathy as an emergent, exploitable public good in the bloom-forming microalga Prymnesium parvum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Driscoll, William W; Espinosa, Noelle J; Eldakar, Omar T; Hackett, Jeremiah D

    2013-06-01

    Many microbes cooperatively secrete extracellular products that favorably modify their environment. Consistent with social evolution theory, structured habitats play a role in maintaining these traits in microbial model systems, by localizing the benefits and separating strains that invest in these products from 'cheater' strains that benefit without paying the cost. It is thus surprising that many unicellular, well-mixed microalgal populations invest in extracellular toxins that confer ecological benefits upon the entire population, for example, by eliminating nutrient competitors (allelopathy). Here we test the hypotheses that microalgal exotoxins are (1) exploitable public goods that benefit all cells, regardless of investment, or (2) nonexploitable private goods involved in cell-level functions. We test these hypotheses with high-toxicity (TOX+) and low-toxicity (TOX-) strains of the damaging, mixotrophic microalga Prymnesium parvum and two common competitors: green algae and diatoms. TOX+ actually benefits from dense populations of competing green algae, which can also be prey for P. parvum, yielding a relative fitness advantage over coexisting TOX-. However, with nonprey competitors (diatoms), TOX- increases in frequency over TOX+, despite benefiting from the exclusion of diatoms by TOX+. An evolutionary unstable, ecologically devastating public good may emerge from traits selected at lower levels expressed in novel environments. © 2013 The Author(s). Evolution © 2013 The Society for the Study of Evolution.

  16. Line and Form: linear, areal, inclusive and accessible public spaces. Hoofbogen in Rotterdam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurizio Francesco Errigo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the contemporary city places more and more lose their character of physical stock and became space of flow; the city isn’t characterized by its immobile uniqueness, but is modified and reassembled at the rate of circulation in it comes to life. Today the city is presented as a set of discontinuous fragments, which return an image of plural spaces, places and non-places, past and present. Disappearing borders, perimeters, which marked the places, neighborhoods are uncommon spaces, undefined areas between built and unbuilt. The square is the gap in the building density; it has lost its significance as a place of socialization. The recent planning instruments (plans and programs that belong to the city of Rotterdam are geared to transform the city into a “child-friendly city" (city suitable for children, the city attracts young couples and middle-class families just for the fact that the city is distancing itself from the modernist planning based on the zoning and is encouraging the mix of urban functions; particular emphasis in this phase of planning and urban design is given by the statement of the urban Vision Rotterdam 2030. The case dealt with in the article is related to the area of ​​Bergpolder, in the north of Rotterdam, an area affected by a strong identity disposed element, a railway viaduct, and is characterized by a strong strategic value for the location and proximity with the urban center and is affected by both social and economic problem due to the insufficiency of public spaces, the use of spaces and public facilities, to the social mixité, characterized by the mixture of different ethnic groups.

  17. Historic and Legal Review on Passport Reform of 1974 and its Role in Strengthening of the USSR Public Order

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulia N. Kirichenko

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is based on the analysis of historical and legal material, where the facts linked to the passport system reforms in the Soviet Union in 1974 are revealed. The author features introduction of the new peculiarities of the passport system and its legal and social importance for the Soviet state. The organized passport system is characterized by organizational and legal activities of the passport services of the Soviet police in issuing new passports for all citizens of the USSR under 16 years of age, regardless of where they live and where they work. It was concluded that the reform in the USSR passport system in 1974 had a positive impact on: strengthening of public order; combating crime; organization of labor control mechanisms throughout the country.

  18. How to Make Big Improvements in the Small PR Shop. Samples of Policy Statements, Guidelines, and Forms Collected from Educational Institutions with Small Public Relations Staffs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, R. Keith, Comp.

    Sample policy statements, guidelines, and forms collected from 16 educational institutions with small public relations staffs are presented as a guide to campus relations personnel. The importance of written policies for small public relations staffs is emphasized, and it is proposed that there be a written job description for the public relations…

  19. Solving the second-order free rider problem in a public goods game: An experiment using a leader support system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozono, Hiroki; Jin, Nobuhito; Watabe, Motoki; Shimizu, Kazumi

    2016-12-09

    Punishment of non-cooperators-free riders-can lead to high cooperation in public goods games (PGG). However, second-order free riders, who do not pay punishment costs, reduce the effectiveness of punishment. Here we introduce a "leader support system," in which one group leader can freely punish group followers using capital pooled through the support of group followers. In our experiment, participants engage in three stages repeatedly: a PGG stage in which followers decide to cooperate for their group; a support stage in which followers decide whether to support the leader; and a punishment stage in which the leader can punish any follower. We compare a support-present condition with a no-support condition, in which there is an external source for the leader's punishment. The results show that punishment occurs more frequently in the support-present condition than the no-support condition. Within the former, both higher cooperation and higher support for a leader are achieved under linkage-type leaders-who punish both non-cooperators and non-supporters. In addition, linkage-type leaders themselves earn higher profits than other leader types because they withdraw more support. This means that leaders who effectively punish followers could increase their own benefits and the second-order free rider problem would be solved.

  20. 7 CFR 1980.495 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 forms and guides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354... Industrial Loan Program § 1980.495 FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 forms and guides. The following FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 forms and guides, as...

  1. 完善社会治安防控体系建设的思考%On Perfection of Public Order Prevention and Control System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚兵

    2012-01-01

    社会治安防控本质上是一种政府公共服务,工作中必须树立"打防结合、以防为主"的理念,科学设定治安防控的目标和任务。应当通过夯实社会管理基础、推行治安防控参与奖励机制、构建治安防控信息共享平台、加大宣传教育工作力度等方式完善社会治安防控体系建设。%Public order prevention and control is essentially a government public service.We must establish the concept of "combining punishment and prevention with the latter prioritized".It is necessary to set up the objectives and tasks of public order prevention and control scientifically.To perfect the public order prevention and control system,we must hold on measures including consolidating the basement of social management,reward mechanism of involvement in public order prevention and control,sharing information platform about public order prevention and control and increasing publicity and education efforts.

  2. Adenosine monophosphate forms ordered arrays in multilamellar lipid matrices: insights into assembly of nucleic acid for primitive life.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Toppozini

    Full Text Available A fundamental question of biology is how nucleic acids first assembled and then were incorporated into the earliest forms of cellular life 4 billion years ago. The polymerization of nucleotides is a condensation reaction in which phosphodiester bonds are formed. This reaction cannot occur in aqueous solutions, but guided polymerization in an anhydrous lipid environment could promote a non-enzymatic condensation reaction in which oligomers of single stranded nucleic acids are synthesized. We used X-ray scattering to investigate 5'-adenosine monophosphate (AMP molecules captured in a multilamellar phospholipid matrix composed of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine. Bragg peaks corresponding to the lateral organization of the confined AMP molecules were observed. Instead of forming a random array, the AMP molecules are highly entangled, with the phosphate and ribose groups in close proximity. This structure may facilitate polymerization of the nucleotides into RNA-like polymers.

  3. Membrane damage by an α-helical pore-forming protein, Equinatoxin II, proceeds through a succession of ordered steps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojko, Nejc; Kristan, Katarina Č; Viero, Gabriella; Žerovnik, Eva; Maček, Peter; Dalla Serra, Mauro; Anderluh, Gregor

    2013-08-16

    Actinoporin equinatoxin II (EqtII) is an archetypal example of α-helical pore-forming toxins that porate cellular membranes by the use of α-helices. Previous studies proposed several steps in the pore formation: binding of monomeric protein onto the membrane, followed by oligomerization and insertion of the N-terminal α-helix into the lipid bilayer. We studied these separate steps with an EqtII triple cysteine mutant. The mutant was engineered to monitor the insertion of the N terminus into the lipid bilayer by labeling Cys-18 with a fluorescence probe and at the same time to control the flexibility of the N-terminal region by the disulfide bond formed between cysteines introduced at positions 8 and 69. The insertion of the N terminus into the membrane proceeded shortly after the toxin binding and was followed by oligomerization. The oxidized, non-lytic, form of the mutant was still able to bind to membranes and oligomerize at the same level as the wild-type or the reduced form. However, the kinetics of the N-terminal helix insertion, the release of calcein from erythrocyte ghosts, and hemolysis of erythrocytes was much slower when membrane-bound oxidized mutant was reduced by the addition of the reductant. Results show that the N-terminal region needs to be inserted in the lipid membrane before the oligomerization into the final pore and imply that there is no need for a stable prepore formation. This is different from β-pore-forming toxins that often form β-barrel pores via a stable prepore complex.

  4. Estimation of Length and Order of Polynomial-based Filter Implemented in the Form of Farrow Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Vukotic

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Digital polynomial-based interpolation filters implemented using the Farrow structure are used in Digital Signal Processing (DSP to calculate the signal between its discrete samples. The two basic design parameters for these filters are number of polynomial-segments defining the finite length of impulse response, and order of polynomials in each polynomial segment. The complexity of the implementation structure and the frequency domain performance depend on these two parameters. This contribution presents estimation formulae for length and polynomial order of polynomial-based filters for various types of requirements including attenuation in stopband, width of transitions band, deviation in passband, weighting in passband/stopband.

  5. Public Order: Challenges of Inter-Institutional and Regional Cooperation in the Context of the Knowledge Society. A Question of Economic and Social Efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Balan

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The context of public policies undergoes a process of rapid change due to the emergence of the dynamic knowledge-based economy and society. Public administration institutions need to adapt their material and human resources to the dynamic developments of the knowledge and information society in order to maintain efficiency and effectiveness of their scopes. One of the most fragile fields is public order and the need for improved inter-institutional cooperation at national, regional, and EU-level for achieving the objectives of ensuring citizens’ safety while safeguarding rights and liberties. The social and economic efficiency of public order policies and measures need to be reassessed and improved based on overhauled and updated inter-institutional and organisational concepts, on diversified methods of cooperation at national, regional, EU- and international level. A recent project developed in the field of public order with respect to juvenile delinquency has shown that major questions still need to be approached with respect to efficiency and effectiveness of inter-institutional cooperation with both public and private bodies, and with representatives of the non-governmental organizations. The outcomes of the project have shown that juvenile delinquency must be approached as phenomenon in the wider framework of public order, of urban and rural safety, of crime prevention and combating. One major conclusion of the project is that a new integrated model is required with respect to the intra-, and inter-institutional cooperation and dialogue, but also with respect to the skills required to work efficiently considering the challenges posed by the overall developments of a society changing towards increased knowledge and information awareness. This would allow also for improved quality assessment and effectiveness measurements based on composite process and outcome indicators for public order, and public administration, in general, as well.

  6. POSITIVE SOLUTIONS TO A CLASS OF SECOND-ORDER SINGULAR SEMIPOSITIVE NEUMANN BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM WITH GENERAL FORM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    By constructing an explicit Green function and using the fixed point index theory on a cone, we present some existence results of positive solutions to a class of second-order singular semipositive Neumann boundary value problem, where the nonlinear term is allowed to be nonnegative and unbounded.

  7. Personality and psychopathology: Higher order relations between the five factor model of personality and the MMPI-2 Restructured Form

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heijden, P.T. van der; Rossi, G.M.P.; Veld, W.M. van der; Derksen, J.J.L.; Egger, J.I.M.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between personality and psychopathology as measured by the NEO Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1992) and the Minnesota Multhiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008) in a combined dataset of patients wit

  8. EFFICIENCY OF FORMING NUCLEUS COLONIES IN ORDER TO DECREASE POPULATION OF Varroa destructor (ANDRESON AND TRUEMAN, 2000 IN BEEHIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatko Puškadija

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Forming of nucleus colonies is efficient method in growth control of Varroa destructor population. Its goal is to decrease parasite’s pressure on bee colony. The advantage of this bio-technical measurement lays in its implement during vegetation season which delays use of the chemical resources for Varroa destructor control population in beehives for the post major honey harvest period. Nucleus colonies were formed from approx. half of sealed brood (35.5 ± 5.8 dm² and average of 5915 ± 912 bees. Results showed that there were 37.2 ± 5.6% mites removed from parental colonies. Minimum was 30.8%, and maximum was 45.5%. Due to such relatively small efficiency, this method cannot be recommended as unique, but it can be effective if it is applied in the post spring's honey harvest period as a part of growth reduction strategy of Varroa destructor population in beehive.

  9. Comparison between linear and non-linear forms of pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order adsorption kineticmodels for the removal of methylene blue by activated carbon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Junxiong LIN; Lan WANG

    2009-01-01

    The best-fit equations of linear and non-linear forms of the two widely used kinetic models, namely pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order equations,were compared in this study. The experimental kinetics of methylene blue adsorption on activated carbon was used for this research. Both the correlation coefficient (R2) and the normalized standard deviation △q(%) were employed as error analysis methods to determine the best-fitting equations. The results show that the non-linear forms of pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models were more suitable than the linear forms for fitting the experimental data. The experimental kinetics may have been distorted by linearization of the linear kinetic equations, and thus, the non-linear forms of kinetic equations should be primarily used to obtain the adsorption parameters. In addition, the △q(%) method for error analysis may be better to determine the best-fitting model in this case.

  10. Maximum principles for a class of nonlinear second-order elliptic boundary value problems in divergence form

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Enache

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available For a class of nonlinear elliptic boundary value problems in divergence form, we construct some general elliptic inequalities for appropriate combinations of u(x and |∇u|2, where u(x are the solutions of our problems. From these inequalities, we derive, using Hopf's maximum principles, some maximum principles for the appropriate combinations of u(x and |∇u|2, and we list a few examples of problems to which these maximum principles may be applied.

  11. Structure analysis of CoPt alloy film with metastable ordered phases of L11 and Bh formed on Ru(0001 underlayer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ohtake Mitsuru

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available CoPt alloy films of 40 nm thickness are prepared on MgO(111 substrates with and without Ru(0001 underlayer at 300 °C by radio-frequency magnetron sputtering. CoPt films with the close-packed plane parallel to the substrate surface grow epitaxially on the Ru underlayer as well as on the MgO substrate. Flat surfaces with the arithmetical mean roughness value of 0.2 nm are realized for both films. The crystal structure is determined by considering the atomic stacking sequence of close-packed plane and the order degree. The film formed on MgO substrate consists of an fcc-based L11 ordered crystal, whereas the film grown on Ru underlayer involves an hcp-based Bh ordered crystal in addition to the L11 ordered crystal. The order degrees of films formed on MgO substrate and Ru underlayer are 0.30 and 0.34, respectively. The L11 crystal consists of two variants whose stacking sequences of close-packed plane are ABCABC… and ACBACB…, while the Bh crystal is a single-crystal with the stacking sequence of ABAB… Formation of Bh crystal is promoted on the Ru underlayer. The film formed on Ru underlayer shows a strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy reflecting the magnetocrystalline anisotropies of L11 and Bh crystals.

  12. Short-range ordered photonic structures of lamellae-forming diblock copolymers for excitation-regulated fluorescence enhancement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Se Hee; Kim, Ki-Se; Char, Kookheon; Yoo, Seong Il; Sohn, Byeong-Hyeok

    2016-05-01

    Photonic crystals can be represented by periodic nanostructures with alternating refractive indices, which create artificial stop bands with the appearance of colors. In this regard, nanodomains of block copolymers and the corresponding structural colors have been intensively studied in the past. However, the practical application of photonic crystals of block copolymers has been limited to a large degree because of the presence of large defects and grain boundaries in the nanodomains of block copolymers. The present study focuses on the alternative opportunity of short-range ordered nanodomains of block copolymers for fluorescence enhancement, which also has a direct relevance to the development of fluorescence sensors or detectors. The enhancement mechanism was found to be interconnected with the excitation process rather than the alternation of the decay kinetics. In particular, we demonstrate that randomly oriented, but regular grains of lamellae of polystyrene-block-polyisoprene, PS-b-PI, diblock copolymers and their blend with PS homopolymers can behave as Bragg mirrors to induce multiple reflections of the excitation source inside the photonic structures. This process in turn significantly increases the effective absorption of the given fluorophores inside the polymeric photonic structures to amplify the fluorescence signal.Photonic crystals can be represented by periodic nanostructures with alternating refractive indices, which create artificial stop bands with the appearance of colors. In this regard, nanodomains of block copolymers and the corresponding structural colors have been intensively studied in the past. However, the practical application of photonic crystals of block copolymers has been limited to a large degree because of the presence of large defects and grain boundaries in the nanodomains of block copolymers. The present study focuses on the alternative opportunity of short-range ordered nanodomains of block copolymers for fluorescence

  13. Ordered Assembly of the Adhesive and Electrochemical Connections within Newly Formed Intercalated Disks in Primary Cultures of Adult Rat Cardiomyocytes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah B. Geisler

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The intercalated disk (ID is a complex structure that electromechanically couples adjoining cardiac myocytes into a functional syncitium. The integrity of the disk is essential for normal cardiac function, but how the diverse elements are assembled into a fully integrated structure is not well understood. In this study, we examined the assembly of new IDs in primary cultures of adult rat cardiac myocytes. From 2 to 5 days after dissociation, the cells flatten and spread, establishing new cell-cell contacts in a manner that recapitulates the in vivo processes that occur during heart development and myocardial remodeling. As cells make contact with their neighbors, transmembrane adhesion proteins localize along the line of apposition, concentrating at the sites of membrane attachment of the terminal sarcomeres. Cx43 gap junctions and ankyrin-G, an essential cytoskeletal component of voltage gated sodium channel complexes, were secondarily recruited to membrane domains involved in cell-cell contacts. The consistent order of the assembly process suggests that there are specific scaffolding requirements for integration of the mechanical and electrochemical elements of the disk. Defining the relationships that are the foundation of disk assembly has important implications for understanding the mechanical dysfunction and cardiac arrhythmias that accompany alterations of ID architecture.

  14. Understanding what the public know and value about geoheritage sites in order to advance Earth science literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vye, E. C.; Rose, W. I.

    2013-12-01

    With its impressive geology and rich cultural history, Michigan's Keweenaw Peninsula is ideally suited for Earth science education and geotourism initiatives, such as a Geopark. Geologic events that have shaped this region can be interpreted in such a way as to engage learners, not only through an intellectual connection to Earth science subject matter, but also through an emotional connection via culture, history, and sense of place. The notion that landscape is special because it is the sum total of all the interacting earth systems, including people as part of the biosphere, can be used to drive these initiatives as they affect one personally. It is speculated that most people in the Keweenaw have a basic understanding of the local cultural history and some understanding of geology. Advanced awareness and understanding of the geological significance of the Keweenaw stands to greatly enrich our community's sense of place and desire to advance further education and geotourism initiatives. It is anticipated that these initiatives will ultimately lead to increased Earth science literacy and understanding and recognition of one's own environs. This will aid in the further development of publications, teaching media, trails info, on-site museums, etc. Although the community has embraced geo-outreach thus far, it is germane to know what people value, what they know of the geology and how they connect to place. Results from semi-structured interviews administered with the aim and focus of determining what places are special to people, why they are special and how they formed will be presented in this paper. The results from this research will be used to direct the creation and continued development of geologic interpretation of our region. It is hoped that this understanding will reveal common misconceptions that can be used to improve interpretive material that not only addresses misconceptions but also connects the immediate past with the deep geologic past of the

  15. Polícia e violência urbana em uma cidade brasileira Reconstruct police or society? Violence, democracy and public order in contemporary Rio de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Antonio Machado da Silva

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho discute questões relacionadas à expansão da violência criminal no Rio de Janeiro. Parte-se da hipótese de que a noção prática de “violência urbana” é o centro de uma “província de significado” embutida na linguagem de senso comum, que capta e confere sentido a uma forma de vida autônoma, a sociabilidade violenta. A “violência urbana” tematiza as ameaças à continuidade das rotinas cotidianas, alterando a compreensão do significado do controle social e delegando na polícia a preservação das rotinas a qualquer custo. Dessa maneira, favorece a manutenção da polícia como uma instituição pré-moderna, talvez a única com esta característica no Brasil de hoje, e torna inócuas as inúmeras propostas de intervenção técnico-administrativa e moral que visam “refundá-la”.The article starts from the hypothesis that “urban violence” is at the center of a grammar that deals with certain diffuse forms of autonomous social organization of violence perceived as endangering personal and patrimonial integrity. Influenced by such a language, public debate on social regulation and control shrinks to the question of maintaining the public order through avoiding interclass contacts and structural political conflicts. The article suggests that this demand for group and personal isolation imply, as a consequence, delegating police institutions to decide on how, when and who menace the pacific prosecution of everyday activities. Therefore, the generalized public demand for police “reconstruction from the beginning” will not be met if societal approach does not change from the language of “urban violence” back to the democratic language of rights, so that police practices can be object of attention and control. Above all, it is ‘society’ - an historical modality of social relations - which needs to be ‘reconstructed’.

  16. Public-Private Partnership as the Core Form of the Implementation of Russia’s Transport and Transit Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valery Anatolyevich Tsvetkov

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the theory and practice of the implementation and development of transport and transit potential (TTP of Russia. This could be an effective way to replace the natural resource rent as the main source of income for the state and economic actors. For the modernization of national economic system the key importance are innovative technologies in the development of transport and transit potential through the organization of the production of goods and services with the highest added value in Russia. We proposed and substantiated the hypothesis about the necessity of creation of a Federal company responsible for the financing and implementation of Russia’s transport and transit potential development projects on the principles of public-private partnership (PPP. The authors have revealed the economic, institutional and organizational prerequisites for the establishment of such a public-private partnership company. We have provided the opinions of scientists and experts showing the urgent need to create in one form or another a single operator to transport goods on the territory of Russia and the Eurasian economic Union. To prove the hypothesis, we presented a description and analysis of the factors affecting the value of transit freight transport on Euro-Asian routes. We paid the special attention to identify the reasons of the increasing competitive advantage of Maritime transport in the world’s goods movement system. The authors based the main conclusion that, first of all, the created publicprivate partnership company should be large due to tough competition of developing transit freight by land routes with the global Maritime container services. Secondly, it needs a significant state participation since the management of the world’s cargo flows requires the effort of foreign policy and geo-economic nature. We emphasized that this business entity would become an active proponent and lobbyist of the most effective

  17. Improved fully-implicit spherical harmonics methods for first and second order forms of the transport equation using Galerkin Finite Element

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laboure, Vincent Matthieu

    In this dissertation, we focus on solving the linear Boltzmann equation -- or transport equation -- using spherical harmonics (PN) expansions with fully-implicit time-integration schemes and Galerkin Finite Element spatial discretizations within the Multiphysics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) framework. The presentation is composed of two main ensembles. On one hand, we study the first-order form of the transport equation in the context of Thermal Radiation Transport (TRT). This nonlinear application physically necessitates to maintain a positive material temperature while the PN approximation tends to create oscillations and negativity in the solution. To mitigate these flaws, we provide a fully-implicit implementation of the Filtered PN (FPN) method and investigate local filtering strategies. After analyzing its effect on the conditioning of the system and showing that it improves the convergence properties of the iterative solver, we numerically investigate the error estimates derived in the linear setting and observe that they hold in the non-linear case. Then, we illustrate the benefits of the method on a standard test problem and compare it with implicit Monte Carlo (IMC) simulations. On the other hand, we focus on second-order forms of the transport equation for neutronics applications. We mostly consider the Self-Adjoint Angular Flux (SAAF) and Least-Squares (LS) formulations, the former being globally conservative but void incompatible and the latter having -- in all generality -- the opposite properties. We study the relationship between these two methods based on the weakly-imposed LS boundary conditions. Equivalences between various parity-based PN methods are also established, in particular showing that second-order filters are not an appropriate fix to retrieve void compatibility. The importance of global conservation is highlighted on a heterogeneous multigroup k-eigenvalue test problem. Based on these considerations, we propose a new

  18. Realistic Problems in Public-Order-Related Medication and their Countermeasures%治安调解的现实困境与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄吉瑾

    2016-01-01

    治安调解对于节省公安机关办案成本,促进受害人权益快速救济有着积极作用。目前,治安调解存在缺乏法定拘束力、启动条件掌握随意、调解程序欠缺规范等问题。完善治安调解制度的对策包括:一是赋予治安调解法律效力,增强调解结果的确定性、强制性;二是确立治安调解优先原则,合理界定考量因素;三是全面纳入流程管控,确保治安调解更加规范有序;四是建立治安调解中心,探索多元纠纷解决机制,提升调解质效。%The public-order-related medication has a positive effect on police units in terms of reducing case-solving costs and effciently aiding victims. At present, the public-order-related medication has such problems as lack of legal constraints, casual conditions of initiating the mediation and shortage of procedure standardization. To improve the mechanism, it is necessary: 1. to provide the public-order-related medication with legal effectiveness to enhance its certainty and compulsion; 2. to make clear that public -order-cases should be dealt with ifrst and reasonably determine the deifnition; 3. to include it in control and supervision to guarantee its standardization; 4. to establish public order mediation centers and explore a variety of mediation mechanisms so as to improve its effectiveness.

  19. Polar Order and Symmetry Breaking at the Boundary between Bent-Core and Rodlike Molecular Forms: When 4-Cyanoresorcinol Meets the Carbosilane End Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westphal, Eduard; Gallardo, Hugo; Caramori, Giovanni Finoto; Sebastián, Nerea; Tamba, Maria-Gabriela; Eremin, Alexey; Kawauchi, Susumu; Prehm, Marko; Tschierske, Carsten

    2016-06-01

    Two isomeric achiral bent-core liquid crystals involving a 4-cyanoresorcinol core and containing a carbosilane unit as nanosegregating segment were synthesized and were shown to form ferroelectric liquid-crystalline phases. Inversion of the direction of one of the COO groups in these molecules leads to a distinct distribution of the electrostatic potential along the surface of the molecule and to a strong change of the molecular dipole moments. Thus, a distinct degree of segregation of the carbosilane units and consequent modification of the phase structure and coherence length of polar order result. For the compound with larger dipole moment (CN1) segregation of the carbosilane units is suppressed, and this compound forms paraelectric SmA and SmC phases; polar order is only achieved after transition to a new LC phase, namely, the ferroelectric leaning phase (SmCLs PS ) with the unique feature that tilt direction and polar direction coincide. The isomeric compound CN2 with a smaller dipole moment forms separate layers of the carbosilane groups and shows a randomized polar SmA phase (SmAPAR ) and ferroelectric polydomain SmCs PS phases with orthogonal combination of tilt and polar direction and much higher polarizations. Thus, surprisingly, the compound with the smaller molecular dipole moment shows increased polar order in the LC phases. Besides ferroelectricity, mirror-symmetry breaking with formation of a conglomerate of macroscopic chiral domains was observed in one of the SmC phases of CN1. These investigations contribute to the general understanding of the development of polar order and chirality in soft matter.

  20. "Brown" Fades: The End of Court-Ordered School Desegregation and the Resegregation of American Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reardon, Sean F.; Grewal, Elena Tej; Kalogrides, Demetra; Greenberg, Erica

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate whether the school desegregation produced by court-ordered desegregation plans persists when school districts are released from court oversight. Over 200 medium-sized and large districts were released from desegregation court orders from 1991 to 2009. We find that racial school segregation in these districts increased…

  1. 77 FR 16227 - Frank Myers AutoMaxx, LLC; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    ... that your comment does not include any sensitive personal information, like anyone's Social Security... order to purchase another vehicle, respondent will pay off the balance of the loan on the trade-in... balance on the vehicle exceeds the vehicle's value) in order to purchase another vehicle, respondent...

  2. New Closed-Form Results on Ordered Statistics of Partial Sums of Gamma Random Variables and its Application to Performance Evaluation in the Presence of Nakagami Fading

    KAUST Repository

    Nam, Sung Sik

    2017-06-19

    Complex wireless transmission systems require multi-dimensional joint statistical techniques for performance evaluation. Here, we first present the exact closed-form results on order statistics of any arbitrary partial sums of Gamma random variables with the closedform results of core functions specialized for independent and identically distributed Nakagami-m fading channels based on a moment generating function-based unified analytical framework. These both exact closed-form results have never been published in the literature. In addition, as a feasible application example in which our new offered derived closed-form results can be applied is presented. In particular, we analyze the outage performance of the finger replacement schemes over Nakagami fading channels as an application of our method. Note that these analysis results are directly applicable to several applications, such as millimeter-wave communication systems in which an antenna diversity scheme operates using an finger replacement schemes-like combining scheme, and other fading scenarios. Note also that the statistical results can provide potential solutions for ordered statistics in any other research topics based on Gamma distributions or other advanced wireless communications research topics in the presence of Nakagami fading.

  3. The Effects of Urban Form on Ambient Air Pollution and Public Health Risk: A Case Study in Raleigh, North Carolina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansfield, Theodore J; Rodriguez, Daniel A; Huegy, Joseph; Gibson, Jacqueline MacDonald

    2015-05-01

    Since motor vehicles are a major air pollution source, urban designs that decrease private automobile use could improve air quality and decrease air pollution health risks. Yet, the relationships among urban form, air quality, and health are complex and not fully understood. To explore these relationships, we model the effects of three alternative development scenarios on annual average fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) concentrations in ambient air and associated health risks from PM2.5 exposure in North Carolina's Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill area. We integrate transportation demand, land-use regression, and health risk assessment models to predict air quality and health impacts for three development scenarios: current conditions, compact development, and sprawling development. Compact development slightly decreases (-0.2%) point estimates of regional annual average PM2.5 concentrations, while sprawling development slightly increases (+1%) concentrations. However, point estimates of health impacts are in opposite directions: compact development increases (+39%) and sprawling development decreases (-33%) PM2.5-attributable mortality. Furthermore, compactness increases local variation in PM2.5 concentrations and increases the severity of local air pollution hotspots. Hence, this research suggests that while compact development may improve air quality from a regional perspective, it may also increase the concentration of PM2.5 in local hotspots and increase population exposure to PM2.5 . Health effects may be magnified if compact neighborhoods and PM2.5 hotspots are spatially co-located. We conclude that compactness alone is an insufficient means of reducing the public health impacts of transportation emissions in automobile-dependent regions. Rather, additional measures are needed to decrease automobile dependence and the health risks of transportation emissions.

  4. Nouveaux médias en Russie postsoviétique : nouvelles formes de l'espace public ?

    OpenAIRE

    Kondratov, Alexander

    2012-01-01

    International audience; Our paper focuses on the social insertion of digital communication devices in the post-Soviet Russian society and the role of these tools in the emerging of public debates. Nowadays in Russia a remarkable paradox can be observed. Despite the important media and culture offer, there is a strong control of media space and public space. The mass media (especially TV channels) that constitute the dominant part of the Russian public sphere are subject to a complex system of...

  5. Youth Arts, Media, and Critical Literacies as Forms of Public Engagement in the Local/Global Interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Theresa

    2016-01-01

    This article provides a reanalysis of a multisited case study of youth arts, media, and critical literacy to theorize the role of networked and physical "publics" within which youth engage with issues they care about, making claims about their lived experiences. An understanding of the nature and role of publics is crucial to productive…

  6. Publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Fabienne Blaise–« Une polémique tragique : le second volet de l’Ajax de Sophocle », Revue des Études Grecques 112, 1999, p. 383-408.–Traduction de Wilhelm Dilthey, Conception du monde et analyse de l’homme depuis la Renaissance et la Réforme, Paris (Cerf, collection Passages, 1999 (471 p..Jean Celeyrette,–La Physique de N. Oresme. Introduction.–« Le statut des mathématiques dans la Physique d’Oresme », Oriens Occidens 3, 2000, p. 91-113.–Jean Celeyrette -Edmond mazet, « La Hiérarchie des de...

  7. Le New Public Management et la réforme de l'hôpital public en France avec la loi HPST

    OpenAIRE

    Ferguene, Améziane

    2014-01-01

    International audience; Le thème de la « modernisation de l’Etat » vise à améliorer les méthodes de gestion des grandes administrations (traditionnellement organisées sur le modèle de la bureaucratie wéberienne) : cette évolution vers un nouveau management public (« New Public Management », NPM) a initialement (début des années 1990) concerné les pays anglo-saxons et d’Europe du Nord (USA, Canada, Grande Bretagne, pays scandinaves) avant de toucher les pays d’Europe du Sud. En ce qui la conce...

  8. 78 FR 45536 - Solera Holdings, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-29

    ... final the accompanying Decision and Order. Pursuant to a Stock Purchase Agreement dated May 29, 2012, Solera acquired all of the stock of Actual Systems. Through a separate Stock Purchase Agreement and Asset..., formulas, patterns, devices, manufacturing processes, or customer names. If you want the Commission to give...

  9. 76 FR 2908 - Nonprofit Management LLC and Jeremy Ryan Claeys; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    ... this matter settles alleged violations of Federal law prohibiting unfair or deceptive acts or practices... final the agreement's proposed order. This matter involves the advertising, marketing, and sale of... a ``certification verification page'' that they could, in turn, use to advertise their Tested Green...

  10. 77 FR 16228 - Key Hyundai of Manchester, LLC; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    ... Act (``CLA'') and Regulation M for failing to disclose the costs and terms of certain leases offered... the proposed order addresses the CLA allegation. It requires that the respondents clearly and conspicuously make all of the disclosures required by CLA and Regulation M if it states relevant...

  11. 78 FR 12084 - Public Land Order No. 7809; Withdrawal of National Forest System Land for the Settler's Grove of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    ... Settler's Grove of Ancient Cedars Botanical and Recreation Area; ID AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management... one of the few remaining stands of old- growth western red cedar trees in the Settler's Grove of... protection of the Settler's Grove of Ancient Cedars Botanical and Recreation Area. ] Order By virtue of...

  12. Conservation laws, bilinear forms and solitons for a fifth-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation for the attosecond pulses in an optical fiber

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chai, Jun; Tian, Bo, E-mail: tian_bupt@163.com; Zhen, Hui-Ling; Sun, Wen-Rong

    2015-08-15

    Under investigation in this paper is a fifth-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation, which describes the propagation of attosecond pulses in an optical fiber. Based on the Lax pair, infinitely-many conservation laws are derived. With the aid of auxiliary functions, bilinear forms, one-, two- and three-soliton solutions in analytic forms are generated via the Hirota method and symbolic computation. Soliton velocity varies linearly with the coefficients of the high-order terms. Head-on interaction between the bidirectional two solitons and overtaking interaction between the unidirectional two solitons as well as the bound state are depicted. For the interactions among the three solitons, two head-on and one overtaking interactions, three overtaking interactions, an interaction between a bound state and a single soliton and the bound state are displayed. Graphical analysis shows that the interactions between the two solitons are elastic, and interactions among the three solitons are pairwise elastic. Stability analysis yields the modulation instability condition for the soliton solutions.

  13. CHANGE OF THE ORGANISATIONAL AND LEGAL FORM OF INDEPENDENT PUBLIC HEALTHCARE CENTRES (SPZOZ AND CONSEQUENCES FOR FINANCING HEALTHCARE ENTITY ACTIVITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Wołowiec

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Local government units (LGU are nowadays facing the very difficult and complicated task of making reasonable decisions regarding the transforming of SPZOZs into capital companies. First, it seems necessary to carry out a simulation of costs and advantages of the assumed models and solutions together with an analysis of advantages and disadvantages of the new legal and organisational forms. The aim of this paper is to assess whether the process of transforming SPZOZs into capital companies is purposeful and reasonable, and to define a way to prepare hospitals for functioning in an altered legislative environment. The paper draws attention to the fact that transformation itself does not guarantee that the results achieved by the given entity will automatically improve. The transformation can bring financial advantages for the newly created company and the local government, from the subsidies and remissions in accordance with art. 197 of the act on medical activity. Yet the conditions for getting such help are quite restrictive and not in every situation can financial help from the central budget be counted on. Such aid could help improve the financial standing of a hospital considerably. Also, it must be remembered that a hospital transformed into a capital company acquires the capacity to go bankrupt. If the new entity generates a loss, it may result in the owner having to raise the initial capital in order to avoid filing a bankruptcy petition by the company. In practice, the financial consequences for the local government are the same as in the case of having to cover losses. The difference lies in the continuity of the provided medical services.

  14. DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF FIRST ORDER DERIVATIVE UV SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF PROPRANOLOL HYDROCHLORIDE AND FLUNARIZINE DIHYDROCHLORIDE IN BULK AND COMBINED DOSAGE FORM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagh Dipmala Dilip

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The first order derivative of UV spectrometry method for simultaneous determination of Propranolol hydrochloride (PRO and Flunarizine dihydrochloride (FLU in pure bulk drug and combined dosage form was found to be simple, accurate, fast, precise and reproducible. The first derivative values measured at 289nm for PRO and 253nm for FLU. The linearity for zero order derivative method was carried out by using the concentration range 4-28µg/ml for PRO and 3-7µg/ml for FLU. The coefficient correlation of PRO and FLU for zero order was found to be 0.9995 and 0.9991 respectively. At zero crossing point of PRO (289nm FLU showed a measurable derivative absorbance where as at the zero crossing point of FLU (253nm, PRO showed appreciable derivative absorbance value. The coefficient correlation of PRO and FLU for first order derivative was found to be 0.9991 and 0.9995 respectively. Precision study showed that % RSD was within the range of acceptable limits (<2. The % recovery for PRO and FLU was found to be in the range of 98-102% and 100-101% respectively. The percentage assay was found to be as 99.5 and 100.12% for PRO and FLU. The results of analysis have been validated as per ICH Q2 (R1 guidelines. This method has applied successfully for the determination of PRO and FLU in its combination with a high percentage of recovery good accuracy and precision.

  15. Educational orders as a diversionary treatment model and their use in the practice of the Higher Public Prosecutor's Office and the High Court in Novi Sad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bugarski Tatjana D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Juvenile crime is constantly attracting the attention of the general and professional public and in some way is an indicator of the success or failure of all measures by which a society takes care of the young. As a particularly vulnerable category, juveniles are the focus of special attention in each society which constantly invents always new and more efficient ways of solving criminal matters which will cause a minimum damage to a juvenile offender, and achieve the purpose that is reflected in the strengthening of its personal responsibility for its actions. In this sense, a special place occupies the application of educational orders that can achieve its purpose only if there is a complete legal regulation of their use (law and regulations and systematically provided logistics. Imposition and implementation of educational orders is directly related to the examination of juvenile's personality and a special attention has been paid to this issue. In this work, the author deals with educational orders as a diversionary treatment model against juvenile offenders, as well as the implementation of educational orders in the practice of the Higher Public Prosecutor's Office and the High Court in Novi Sad.

  16. Reduced-form modeling of public health impacts of inorganic PM2.5 and precursor emissions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heo, Jinhyok; Adams, Peter J.; Gao, H. Oliver

    2016-07-01

    It is challenging to estimate the public health costs of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and its precursor emissions accurately and quickly for policy research because of their complex physical and chemical processes occurring over a large downwind area. We developed a method for building statistical regressions that estimate public health cost of emissions accurately like a state-of-the-art chemical transport model (CTM) but without its high computational cost. This method achieves detailed spatial resolution according to the location of the emission source, accounting for differences in the exposed population downwind. Using tagged CTM simulations, our method builds a large dataset of air quality public health costs from marginal emissions throughout the United States. Two methods were developed to describe exposed population, one that assumes a generic downwind plume concentration profile derived from CTM outputs and a simpler method that uses the size of population within certain distances as variables. Using the former method, we parameterized marginal public health cost [/t] and intake fraction [ppm] as a function of exposed population and key atmospheric variables. We derived models for elemental carbon, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and ammonia. Compared to estimates calculated directly using CTM outputs, our models generally show mean fractional errors of only 10%-30% and up to 50% for NOx in some seasons, which are generally similar to or less than CTM's performance. Our results show that the public health costs of emissions can be efficiently parameterized for policy analyses based on state-of-the-art CTMs.

  17. Fuzzy Evaluation and Prediction of Regional Public Order Crisis Perception%地区治安危机感知模糊评价与预测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段丽华

    2013-01-01

    Both the regional populace and the police have the crisis perception to the public order situations of public security to some extent. The function of this perception is often greater than the dependence to the statistical data. Breaking through the research framework of traditional crime statistics and data analyses, this article conducts an analysis and evaluation to regional public order crisis perception by perception questionnaires and fuzzy synthetic evaluation method. Firstly, the concept of crisis perception is established and the perception grade of crime rate and violation rate is determined. Secondly, public order crisis perception degree can be obtained through the perception questionnaire survey in some region. Finally, according to the analysis of corresponding data intervals between perception degree and crime rate, violation rate, the results of evaluation and prediction to the regional public order crisis perception can be obtained.%  地区民众与警察在不同程度上都具有一个对治安状态的危机感知,这种意识的作用往往大于对统计数据的依赖。文章跳出传统犯罪统计与数据分析的研究框架,运用感知调查量表和模糊综合评价方法,对地区治安危机感知进行了分析与评价。首先建立了治安危机感知概念,并且确定了地区犯罪率和违法率的感知等级,然后,通过对某地区的感知问卷调查,得出了治安危机感知度,根据感知等级度与犯罪率与违法率对应数据区间的分析,得出了该地区治安危机感知的评价结果和预测结果。

  18. 75 FR 15482 - Notice of Request for Public Comments; 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Forms DS...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-29

    ... Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Forms DS-4138, Request for Escort Screening Courtesies; DS-4139, Photograph and Signature Card; & DS-4140, Application for OFM Web Site Account; Foreign.... Originating Office: Diplomatic Security/Office of Foreign Missions (DS/OFM). Form Numbers: DS-4138...

  19. Development and Validation of First-Order Derivative Spectrophotometry for Simultaneous Determination of Levocetirizine Dihydrochloride and Phenylephrine Hydrochloride in Pharmaceutical Dosage Form

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaminee Parmar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A simple, precise, accurate, and economical spectrophotometric method has been developed for simultaneous estimation of levocetirizine dihydrochloride (LCT and phenylephrine hydrochloride (PHE by employing first-order derivative spectrophotometric method. The first-order derivative absorption at 240 nm (zero crossing point of PHE was used for quantification of LCT and 283.2 nm (zero crossing point of LCT for quantification of PHE. The linearity was established over the concentration range of 4–24 μg/mL and 8–48 μg/mL for LCT and PHE with correlation coefficients (r2 0.9964 and 0.9972, respectively. The mean % recoveries were found to be in the range of 99.14%–100.43% for LCT and 98.73%–100.83% for PHE. The proposed method has been validated as per ICH guideline and successfully applied for the simultaneous estimation of LCT and PHE in combined tablet dosage form.

  20. Charge and Matter Form Factors of Two-Neutron Halo Nuclei in Halo Effective Field Theory at Next-to-leading-order

    CERN Document Server

    Vanasse, Jared

    2016-01-01

    Using halo effective field theory (EFT), an expansion in $R_{core}/R_{halo}$, where $R_{core}$ is the radius of the core and $R_{halo}$ the radius of the halo nucleus, we calculate the charge and neutron form factors of the two-neutron halo nuclei $^{11}$Li, $^{14}$Be, and $^{22}$C to next-to-leading-order (NLO) by treating them as an effective three-body system. From the form factors we extract the point charge and point matter radii, inter-neutron distance, and neutron opening angle. Agreement is found with existing experimental extractions. Results are given for the point charge and point matter radii for arbitrary neutron core scattering effective range, $\\rho_{cn}$, that can be used for predictions once $\\rho_{cn}$ is measured. Estimates for $\\rho_{cn}$ are also used to make NLO predictions. Finally, our point charge radii are compared to other halo-EFT predictions, and setting the core mass equal to the neutron mass our point charge radius is found to agree with an analytical prediction in the unitary l...

  1. A Study on Ecological Civilization and Public Order of Communication Network%通信网络生态文明与公共秩序研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    随着3G、4G业务在全球的开展,数据传输业务成为人们经常使用的移动业务,通讯产品成为社会交往、业务往来的重要工具,人们通过通信手段的联系使得相互关系越来越密切。可是通信网络中各种不良信息的传播也越来越猖獗,它不仅占据了通信网络的空间,而且还扰乱了通信网络的公共秩序。文章通过对通信网络生态系统的分析,探讨通信自由与网络公共秩序之间的关系,总结影响网络公共秩序的相关因素,为建立良好的网络公共秩序、营造文明健康的绿色网络通信环境献计献策。%With the development of 3G and 4G services in the world,the data transmission service becomes the mobile ser⁃vice that people often use. Communication products become an important tool for social communication and business contacts. People are getting closer and closer to each other by means of communication. However,the communication of bad informa⁃tion in the network is also becoming more and more rampant,it not only occupies the space of communication network,but also disrupts the public order of communication network. The paper,by analyzing the ecological system of communication net⁃work,explores the relationship between the freedom of communication and the public order of network,sums up the relevant factors affecting the public order of network,and makes suggestions in order to establish a good network public order and cre⁃ate a civilized and healthy network communication environment.

  2. Environmental Performance Report 2013: Annual Site Environmental Report per the U.S. Department of Energy Order 231.1-1B (Management Publication)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schlomberg, K.; Eickhoff, J.; Beatty, B.; Braus, G.; Durbin, L.; Fiehweg, R.; Ray, M.; Ryon, T.; Schmitz, E.

    2014-08-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) Environmental Performance Report provides a description of the laboratory's environmental management activities for 2013, including information on environmental and sustainability performance, environmental compliance activities and status, and environmental protection programs, highlights, and successes. The purpose of this report is to ensure that U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the public receive timely, accurate information about events that have affected or could adversely affect the health, safety, and security of the public or workers; the environment; or the operations of DOE facilities. This report meets the requirements of the Annual Site Environmental Report and is prepared in accordance with the DOE Order 231.1B, Environment, Safety and Health Reporting.

  3. Dominance and leadership in research activities: Collaboration between countries of differing human development is reflected through authorship order and designation as corresponding authors in scientific publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Alcaide, Gregorio; Park, Jinseo; Huamaní, Charles; Ramos, José M

    2017-01-01

    Scientific collaboration is an important mechanism that enables the integration of the least developed countries into research activities. In the present study, we use the order of author signatures and addresses for correspondence in scientific publications as variables to analyze the interactions between countries of very high (VHHD), high (HHD), medium (MHD), and low human development (LHD). We identified all documents published between 2011 and 2015 in journals included in the Science Citation Index-Expanded categories' of Tropical Medicine, Infectious Diseases, Parasitology, and Pediatrics. We then classified the countries participating in the publications according to their Human Development Index (HDI), analyzing the international collaboration; positioning and influence of some countries over others in cooperative networks; their leadership; and the impact of the work based on the HDI and the type of collaboration. We observed a high degree of international collaboration in all the areas analyzed, in the case of both LHD and MHD countries. We identified numerous cooperative links between VHHD countries and MHD/LHD countries, reflecting the fact that cooperative links are an important mechanism for integrating research activities into the latter. The countries with large emerging economies, such as Brazil and China stand out due to the dominance they exert in the collaborations established with the United States, the UK, and other European countries. The analysis of the leadership role of the countries, measured by the frequency of lead authorships, shows limited participation by MHD/LHD countries. This reduced participation among less developed countries is further accentuated by their limited presence in the addresses for correspondence. We observed significant statistical differences in the degree of citation according to the HDI of the participating countries. The order of signatures and the address for correspondence in scientific publications are

  4. US Army Public Health Command’s (Prov) (Formly USACHPPM) Process to Screen Chemicals in Support of DoD’s CMRM Emerging Contaminants Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    US Army Public Health Command’s (Prov) (Formly USACHPPM) Process to Screen Chemicals in Support of DoD’s CMRM Emerging Contaminants Program...CMRM Emerging Contaminants Program 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER...Occupational Health • DoD Instruction 5000.2 Operation of the Defense Acquisition System • DoD Instruction 4715.18 Emerging Contaminants (EC

  5. The Reform in the Administrative System, Aspects of Progress or Form of Discrimination of the Public Officer?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Gradinaru

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The current social, economic and political status determined the issue of O.U.G 74/13 which regards some measures for improvement and re-organization of the activity of National Agency of Fiscal Administration, also for modification and completion of some legal acts and of H.G 520/2013 regarding organization and operation of National Agency of Fiscal Administration, legal acts which even if they are suppose to reform the administrative system, they reflect some problems regarding the legality of the release from the office of the public clerks, this measure being applied arbitrarily and discretionary, violating at the same time the right to work of the public clerks. The present work analyses some aspects regarding the legality of applying two legal acts issued by the Government, which are O.U.G 74/2013 and H.G. 520/2013, which were considered by the issuer as being necessary in relation to the process of re-organization of activity of National Agency of Fiscal Administration. We are analyzing at the same time all the irregularities found in practice, because applying the O.U.G 74/2013 and H.G. 520/2013 generated discriminations, on one hand caused by the confusion determinate by the writing of the legal acts, and on the other hand, by the enforcement of some legal provision which generated an conflict with other legal acts. Even though the main purpose of these legal initiatives was to reform, restructure and reorganize the activity of National Agency of Fiscal Administration, enforcing these legal acts led to a series of illegal acts even abusive, which violates the fundamental rights ensured by the Constitution, referring to the right to work, and also the guarantees offered by the law 188/1999R regarding the Status of Public Clerks.

  6. The key role for local base order in the generation of multiple forms of China HIV-1 B'/C intersubtype recombinants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Ji-Fu

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background HIV-1 is a retrovirus with high rate of recombination. Increasing experimental studies in vitro indicated that local hairpin structure of RNA was associated with recombination by favoring RT pausing and promoting strand transfer. A method to estimate the potential to form stem-loop structure by calculating the folding of randomized sequence difference (FORS-D has been used to investigate the relationship between secondary structure and evolutionary pressure in some genome. It showed that gene regions under strong positive "Darwinian" selection were associated with positive FORS-D values. In the present study, the sequences of HIV-1 subtypes B' and C, both of which represent the parent strains of CRF07_BC, CRF08_BC and China URFs, were selected to investigate the relationship between natural recombination and secondary structure by calculating the FORS-D values. Results The apparent higher negative FORS-D value region appeared in the gag-pol gene region (nucleotide 0–3000 of HIV-1 subtypes B' and C. Thirteen (86.7 % of 15 mosaic fragments and 17 (81 % of 21 recombination breakpoints occurred in this higher negative FORS-D region. This strongly suggested that natural recombination did not occur randomly throughout the HIV genome, and that there might be preferred (or hot regions or sites for recombination. The FORS-D analysis of breakpoints showed that most breakpoints of recombinants were located in regions with higher negative FORS-D values (P = 0.0053, and appeared to have a higher negative average FORS-D value than the whole genome (P = 0.0007. The regression analysis also indicated that FORS-D values correlated negatively with breakpoint overlap. Conclusion High negative FORS-D values represent high, base order determined stem-loop potentials and influence mainly the formation of stem-loop structures. Therefore, the present results suggested for the first time that occurrence of natural recombination was associated with

  7. Discontinuous isogeometric analysis methods for the first-order form of the neutron transport equation with discrete ordinate (SN) angular discretisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, A. R.; Welch, J. A.; Kópházi, J.; Eaton, M. D.

    2016-06-01

    In this paper two discontinuous Galerkin isogeometric analysis methods are developed and applied to the first-order form of the neutron transport equation with a discrete ordinate (SN) angular discretisation. The discontinuous Galerkin projection approach was taken on both an element level and the patch level for a given Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS) patch. This paper describes the detailed dispersion analysis that has been used to analyse the numerical stability of both of these schemes. The convergence of the schemes for both smooth and non-smooth solutions was also investigated using the method of manufactured solutions (MMS) for multidimensional problems and a 1D semi-analytical benchmark whose solution contains a strongly discontinuous first derivative. This paper also investigates the challenges posed by strongly curved boundaries at both the NURBS element and patch level with several algorithms developed to deal with such cases. Finally numerical results are presented both for a simple pincell test problem as well as the C5G7 quarter core MOX/UOX small Light Water Reactor (LWR) benchmark problem. These numerical results produced by the isogeometric analysis (IGA) methods are compared and contrasted against linear and quadratic discontinuous Galerkin finite element (DGFEM) SN based methods.

  8. A new combined stepwise-based high-order decoupled direct and reduced-form method to improve uncertainty analysis in PM2.5 simulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Zhijiong; Hu, Yongtao; Zheng, Junyu; Yuan, Zibing; Russell, Armistead G; Ou, Jiamin; Zhong, Zhuangmin

    2017-02-24

    The traditional reduced-form model (RFM) based on the high-order decoupled direct method (HDDM), is an efficient uncertainty analysis approach for air quality models, but it has large biases in uncertainty propagations due to the limitation of the HDDM in predicting nonlinear responses to large perturbations of model inputs. To overcome the limitation, a new stepwise-based RFM method that combines several sets of local sensitive coefficients under different conditions is proposed. Evaluations reveal that the new RFM improves the prediction of nonlinear responses. The new method is applied to quantify uncertainties in simulated PM2.5 concentrations in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of China as a case study. Results show that the average uncertainty range of hourly PM2.5 concentrations is -28% to 57%, which can cover approximately 70% of the observed PM2.5 concentrations, while the traditional RFM underestimates the upper bound of the uncertainty range by 1% to 6%. Using a variance-based method, the PM2.5 boundary conditions and primary PM2.5 emissions are found to be the two major uncertainty sources in PM2.5 simulations. The new RFM better quantifies the uncertainty range in model simulations and can be applied to improve applications that rely on uncertainty information.

  9. From Private to Public:the Changes of Organization Form of Our Public University%弃私入公:我国公立大学组织形态的变革之道

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春梅

    2014-01-01

    在大学法人化发展的当下,公法人是世界多数国家公立大学组织形态的定位与选择。我国现行法将公立大学定性为事业单位法人,从而将其纳入私法范畴,并由私法加以规范和调整,由此形成了我国公立大学的私法人定位。但是,我国公立大学事业单位法人之定位不仅与我国公立大学多依公法命令设立的依据不符,又无法呼应公法与私法、公法人与私法人之界分,更无法避免其遁入私法,从而造成影响公立大学教育功能实现之不利后果。因此,借鉴他国公立大学组织形态之公法人模式,完成私法人向公法人的定位转向,无疑是我国公立大学组织形态变革的应然选择。在此基础上,寻求公立大学作为独立人格者及其与政府关系上的更大独立性,以此确保我国公立大学高等教育职能的实现和我国高等教育事业的发展。%Public legal person has become the major organization form in most countries,during the trend of corporation management of university. In current laws,public university is listed in legal person of public in-stitutions,so it should be adjusted and standardized under private law,thus forming its private corporation. However,the positioning of legal entity for public university as institutions neither conform to its establishment of legislative basis,nor can be distinct itself from public or private legal person,so public university fails to be restricted by private law,thus affecting their education function. Therefore,the paper draws the mode of pub-lic legal entity from university of other countries and expects the changes of positioning private to public legal entity,which is bound to become the necessity of organization form reform among our public universities. And based on the changes,public universities should chase more independency from government as an independent entity,so as to ensure the realization of functions and

  10. 行政形式选择自由理论探析*--基于公私合作视角%A Probe into the Theory on Free Choice of Administrative Forms ---from the Perspective of Public-Private Partnership

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈军

    2014-01-01

    公私合作背景下,为了完成行政任务,行政机关被赋予行政形式选择自由,行政手段和组织形式日益多样化。行政形式选择自由理论具有一定法理基础,也有一定法律界限。行政形式选择自由理论对促使行政法变革和新行政法诞生有着重要的行政法意义。%In the context of public -private partnership, administrative departments have been entitled privileges to choose administrative forms freely in order to complete administrative mission, so that the adminis-trative means and organizational forms have become increasingly diversified.The theory on freedom of choice of administrative forms has jurisprudential basis in spite of legal boundaries.This theory has vital significance to administrative law in facilitating the reform of administrative law and the generation of the new administrative law.

  11. DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF FIRST ORDER DERIVATIVE SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF PARACETAMOL AND TAPENTADOL HYDROCHLORIDE IN TABLET DOSAGE FORM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SAMIL D. DESAI*, BHAVNA A. PATEL, SHRADDHA J. PARMAR, NAITIK N. CHAMPANERI

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A simple, precise, accurate and reproducible spectrophotometric method has been developed forSimultaneous estimation of Paracetamol and Tapentadol Hydrochloride by employing first order derivativezero crossing method in 0.1 N Sodium Hydroxide. The first order derivative absorption at 257.1 nm (zerocross point of Paracetamol was used for quantification of Tapentadol HCl and 289.0 nm (zero cross point ofTapentadol HCl for quantification of Paracetamol. The linearity was established over the concentrationrange of 15-35

  12. Perception of police on discrimination in Serbia - results of the survey on the attitudes of public order and traffic police officers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zekavica Radomir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the results of the research on the attitudes of the public order and traffic police officers in seven regional police departments in Serbia - Belgrade, Novi Sad, Subotica, Novi Sad, Niš, Kragujevac and Zaječar. The subject of the research is the analysis of the police attitudes on discrimination, recognition of its essence, the scope of vulnerability of particular social groups and recognition of the hate speech. Also, the subject of the research is: determination of relationship with measures which should improve the position of vulnerable groups and the relationship with the institutions in terms of their responsibility for the appearance of discrimination and its impact on the reduction, then the personal experience of discrimination and analysis of attitudes regarding certain claims of stereotypical character. The results of this research are given in the comparative analysis with the results of the research on the attitudes of members of the criminal police conducted in 2014, so we have indication of perception of discrimination by the police in all three key operating police areas. In regard to some issues, a comparative analysis of the results from the survey of citizens’ attitudes towards discrimination conducted in 2013 by CESID is provided. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije: Kriminalitet u Srbiji i instrumenti državne reakcije

  13. The Potential Use of Legitimate Force for the Preservation of Order: Defining the Inherent Role of Public Police Through Policing Functions that cannot be Carried out by Private Police

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Arnež

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In the UK, private policing institutions have been rapidly increasing since the 1980s, so the lines between public- and private police have been blurred. This paper explores whether there is a policing function that is inherent in public police and if so, why it occupies this position. It integrates Rousseau’s social contract theory, Bittner’s definition of police functions, Brodeur’s reasoning on force and Loader and Walker’s concept of ‘policing as public good’ to argue that the potential use of legitimate force for the preservation of order is the function intrinsic to public police. It shows why it cannot and should not be carried out by private police and outlines how it depends on police legitimacy. It concludes with an abstract rethinking of public-state-police relations to determine that this function remains in the realm of public policing.

  14. Molecular self ordering and charge transport in layer by layer deposited poly (3,3‴-dialkylquarterthiophene) films formed by Langmuir-Schaefer technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pandey, Rajiv K.; Singh, Arun Kumar; Upadhyay, C.; Prakash, Rajiv, E-mail: rprakash.mst@itbhu.ac.in [School of Materials Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi 221005 (India)

    2014-09-07

    The performance of π-conjugated polymer based electronic devices is directly governed by the molecular morphology of polymer aggregation, the extent to which a molecule is electronically coupled (self ordered and interacted) to neighboring molecules, and orientation. The well electronic coupled and crystalline/ordered polymer films have the potential to enhance the charge transport properties up to a benchmark. However, there is insufficient knowledge about the direct formation of large area, oriented, crystalline, and smooth films. In this study, we have presented Langmuir Schaefer technique to obtain the large area, oriented, crystalline, and smooth film of Poly (3,3‴-dialkylquarterthiophene) (PQT-12) polymer. The effect of self ordering and orientation of PQT-12 polymer on optical, morphological, and charge transport properties has been investigated. The prepared films have been characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area diffractions pattern (SAED), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques. UV-vis spectra, TEM, SAED, and AFM images of monolayer films reveal the formation of well ordered and electronically coupled polymer domains. Layer by layer deposited films reveal the change in the orientation, which is confirmed by Raman spectra. Electronic properties and layer dependent charge transport properties are investigated using sandwiched structure Al/PQT-12/ITO Schottky configuration with perpendicular to the deposited films. It is observed that the charge transport properties and device electronic parameters (ideality factor and turn on voltage) are significantly changing with increasing the number of PQT-12 layers. Our study also demonstrates the charge transport between polymer crystallites and cause of deviation of ideal behavior of organic Schottky diodes. It may be further explored for improving the performance of other organic and optoelectronic devices.

  15. Imagery May Arise from Associations Formed through Sensory Experience: A Network of Spiking Neurons Controlling a Robot Learns Visual Sequences in Order to Perform a Mental Rotation Task

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKinstry, Jeffrey L.; Fleischer, Jason G.; Chen, Yanqing; Gall, W. Einar; Edelman, Gerald M.

    2016-01-01

    Mental imagery occurs “when a representation of the type created during the initial phases of perception is present but the stimulus is not actually being perceived.” How does the capability to perform mental imagery arise? Extending the idea that imagery arises from learned associations, we propose that mental rotation, a specific form of imagery, could arise through the mechanism of sequence learning–that is, by learning to regenerate the sequence of mental images perceived while passively observing a rotating object. To demonstrate the feasibility of this proposal, we constructed a simulated nervous system and embedded it within a behaving humanoid robot. By observing a rotating object, the system learns the sequence of neural activity patterns generated by the visual system in response to the object. After learning, it can internally regenerate a similar sequence of neural activations upon briefly viewing the static object. This system learns to perform a mental rotation task in which the subject must determine whether two objects are identical despite differences in orientation. As with human subjects, the time taken to respond is proportional to the angular difference between the two stimuli. Moreover, as reported in humans, the system fills in intermediate angles during the task, and this putative mental rotation activates the same pathways that are activated when the system views physical rotation. This work supports the proposal that mental rotation arises through sequence learning and the idea that mental imagery aids perception through learned associations, and suggests testable predictions for biological experiments. PMID:27653977

  16. Suitability of ponds formed by strip mining in eastern Oklahoma for public water supply, aquatic life, waterfowl habitat, livestock watering, irrigation, and recreation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkhurst, Renee S.

    1994-01-01

    A study of coal ponds formed by strip mining in eastern Oklahoma included 25 ponds formed by strip mining from the Croweburg, McAlester, and Iron Post coal seams and 6 noncoal-mine ponds in the coal-mining area. Water-quality samples were collected in the spring and summer of 1985 to determine the suitability of the ponds for public water supply, aquatic life, waterfowl habitat, livestock watering, irrigation, and recreation. The rationale for water-quality criteria and the criteria used for each proposed use are discussed. The ponds were grouped by the coal seam mined or as noncoal-mine ponds, and the number of ponds from each group containing water that exceeded a given criterion is noted. Water in many of the ponds can be used for public water supplies if other sources are not available. Water in most of these ponds exceeds one or more secondary standards, but meets all primary standards. Water samples from the epilimnion (shallow strata as determined by temperature) of six ponds exceeded one or more primary standards, which are criteria protective of human health. Water samples from five of eight Iron Post ponds exceeded the selenium criterion. Water samples from all 31 ponds exceeded one or more secondary standards, which are for the protection of human welfare. The criteria most often exceeded were iron, manganese, dissolved solids, and sulfate, which are secondary standards. The criteria for iron and manganese were exceeded more frequently in the noncoal-mine ponds, whereas ponds formed by strip mining were more likely to exceed the criteria for dissolved solids and sulfate. The ponds are marginally suited for aquatic life. Water samples from the epilimnion of 18 ponds exceeded criteria protective of aquatic life. The criteria for mercury and iron were exceeded most often. Little difference was detected between mine ponds and noncoal-mine ponds. Dissolved oxygen concentrations in the hypolimnion (deepest strata) of all the ponds were less than the minimum

  17. Nucleosomes, Linker DNA, and Linker Histone form a Unique Structural Motif that Directs the Higher-Order Folding and Compaction of Chromatin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bednar, Jan; Horowitz, Rachel A.; Grigoryev, Sergei A.; Carruthers, Lenny M.; Hansen, Jeffrey C.; Koster, Abraham J.; Woodcock, Christopher L.

    1998-11-01

    The compaction level of arrays of nucleosomes may be understood in terms of the balance between the self-repulsion of DNA (principally linker DNA) and countering factors including the ionic strength and composition of the medium, the highly basic N termini of the core histones, and linker histones. However, the structural principles that come into play during the transition from a loose chain of nucleosomes to a compact 30-nm chromatin fiber have been difficult to establish, and the arrangement of nucleosomes and linker DNA in condensed chromatin fibers has never been fully resolved. Based on images of the solution conformation of native chromatin and fully defined chromatin arrays obtained by electron cryomicroscopy, we report a linker histone-dependent architectural motif beyond the level of the nucleosome core particle that takes the form of a stem-like organization of the entering and exiting linker DNA segments. DNA completes ≈ 1.7 turns on the histone octamer in the presence and absence of linker histone. When linker histone is present, the two linker DNA segments become juxtaposed ≈ 8 nm from the nucleosome center and remain apposed for 3-5 nm before diverging. We propose that this stem motif directs the arrangement of nucleosomes and linker DNA within the chromatin fiber, establishing a unique three-dimensional zigzag folding pattern that is conserved during compaction. Such an arrangement with peripherally arranged nucleosomes and internal linker DNA segments is fully consistent with observations in intact nuclei and also allows dramatic changes in compaction level to occur without a concomitant change in topology.

  18. Multiplicity and clustering in Taurus star-forming region. I. Unexpected ultra-wide pairs of high-order multiplicity in Taurus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joncour, Isabelle; Duchêne, Gaspard; Moraux, Estelle

    2017-02-01

    Aims: This work analyses the spatial distribution of stars in Taurus with a specific focus on multiple stars and wide pairs in order to derive new constraints on star formation and early dynamical evolution scenarios. Methods: We collected the multiplicity data of stars in Taurus to build an up-to-date stellar/multiplicity catalog. We first present a general study of nearest-neighbor statistics on spatial random distribution, comparing its analytical distribution and moments to those obtained from Monte Carlo samplings. We introduce the one-point correlation Ψ function to complement the pair correlation function and define the spatial regimes departing from randomness in Taurus. We then perform a set of statistical studies to characterize the binary regime that prevails in Taurus. Results: The Ψ function in Taurus has a scale-free trend with a similar exponent as the correlation function at small scale. It extends almost 3 decades up to 60 kAU showing a potential extended wide binary regime. This was hidden in the correlation function due to the clustering pattern blending. Distinguishing two stellar populations, single stars versus multiple systems (separation ≤1 kAU), within Class II/III stars observed at high angular resolution, we highlight a major spatial neighborhood difference between the two populations using nearest-neighbor statistics. The multiple systems are three times more likely to have a distant companion within 10 kAU when compared to single stars. We show that this is due to the presence of most probable physical ultra-wide pairs (UWPs, defined as such from their mutual nearest neighbor property), that are themselves generally composed of multiple systems containing up to five stars altogether. More generally, our work highlights; 1) a new large population of candidate UWPs in Taurus within the range 1-60 kAU in Taurus and 2) the major local structural role they play up to 60 kAU. There are three different types of UWPs; either composed of two

  19. Teaching Form as Form

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keiding, Tina Bering

    2012-01-01

    understanding of form per se, or, to use an expression from this text, of form as form. This challenge can be reduced to one question: how can design teaching support students in achieving not only the ability to recognize and describe different form-related concepts in existing design (i.e. analytical...... means that form serves both as the connective value and as the concept for reflection. In other words, form is observed as form, not anything else. The didactical challenge of teaching form as form is accentuated by students’ everyday-based pre-orientation towards function at the expense of form....... In general, students enter design education as far more skilled observers with regards to function than form. They are, in other words, predisposed to observe objects asking ‘what is?’, rather than ‘how is?’. This habit has not only cognitive implications. It is closely intertwined with a rudimentary...

  20. Teaching Form as Form

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keiding, Tina Bering

    2012-01-01

    understanding of form per se, or, to use an expression from this text, of form as form. This challenge can be reduced to one question: how can design teaching support students in achieving not only the ability to recognize and describe different form-related concepts in existing design (i.e. analytical...... means that form serves both as the connective value and as the concept for reflection. In other words, form is observed as form, not anything else. The didactical challenge of teaching form as form is accentuated by students’ everyday-based pre-orientation towards function at the expense of form...... vocabulary of form. Even in cases in which teaching uses terms and phrases from everyday life (for instance, ‘intersection’), the meaning of the word cannot necessarily be transmitted directly from an ordinary vocabulary into a design context. And it is clearly a common issue for the contributions...

  1. 社会管理创新视角下的治安工作社会化探索%Socialization of Public Order Work from Social Management Innovation’s Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锦华

    2012-01-01

      Social management innovation was formally put forward in 2011. It provides new ways of thinking and new methods for social management. It also provides ideas and opportunities for the reform and innovation in public order work in our country. In line with the principle of “mass prevention-control, building harmony together”, public security organs and the police are required to understand the situation clearly, speed up the transformation of ways of thinking in public order work, extensively motivate the initiatives of all circles of the society in order to interpret the connotations of public order work in essence in new period from the perspective of social management innovation by giving full play to collective strengths and wisdom of all units, departments, organizations and even the staff and making full use of all favorable ways of public order work.%  2011年“社会管理创新”的正式提出,为社会管理提供了新思路和新方法,也为我国治安工作的改革创新提供了思路和契机。这就要求公安机关及其人民警察要认清形势,加快转变治安工作思路,广泛调动社会各界的积极性,本着“群防群治,共建和谐”的原则,发挥各单位、各部门、各组织包括各人员的集体力量和智慧,充分利用各种有利于治安工作开展的形式,从本质上诠释治安工作在社会管理创新下的新时期内涵

  2. Evaluation of Immunocontraception as a Publicly Acceptable Form of Vertebrate Pest Species Control: The Introduced Grey Squirrel in Britain as an Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Julian J. F.; Lurz, Peter W. W.; Shirley, Mark D. F.; Rushton, Steve P.

    2002-09-01

    We sent out a targeted questionnaire to organizations and private individuals across the UK that have expressed an interest in squirrel management and conservation. Respondents were asked to evaluate shooting, trapping, poisoning and immunocontraception (IMC), according to their perceived efficacy, cost efficiency, and whether they were considered to be humane. The majority of both professionals and enthusiasts indicated support for grey squirrel control to help conserve red squirrels and to reduce economic damage to timber crops. Respondents' comparative evaluations of current forms of control showed that trapping is the most acceptable method. When IMC is compared with the other methods, it was considered to be more humane and acceptable. In contrast, poisoning was seen as humane or acceptable by the fewest respondents. Furthermore, poisoning elicited the greatest difference in opinion between the professional and enthusiast groups. This difference (34%) may be interpreted partly as concern over the type of death that results from poisoning and partly as due to the possibility of poisoning nontarget species. Our findings indicate a need for more public information regarding secondary poisoning hazards to other species and their predators. Interest and concern about squirrel control correlated with the overlap between contemporary areas of distribution of the two species. It is these areas where consultation and education programs about control methods should be targeted. This research indicates that there would be support for grey squirrel control using IMC from both lay and professional interest groups. It demonstrates the existence of a sound basis for constructive dialog that can lead to the design and implementation of acceptable and efficient control strategies.

  3. Political instability and discontinuity in Nigeria: The pre-colonial past and public goods provision under colonial and post-colonial political orders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Papaioannou, K.I.; Dalrymple-Smith, A.E.

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the relative importance of pre-colonial institutional capacity and the effects of periods of peace and stability on long-term development outcomes in Nigeria. We use data on education, health, and public works at a provincial level from a variety of colonial and Nigerian state

  4. Partial Orders and Jordan Normal Form

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shvarts, D. A.

    2008-01-01

    Consideration is given to the relation between the structure of the acyclic binary relation and the adjacency matrix of its corresponding graph. In this case, the existing methods for studying the binary relations and their corresponding graphs in terms of the spectrum, that is, the set of eigenvalu

  5. Assessing the Educational Needs of Tomorrow's "Ideal" Corporate Communicators: Should Public Relations and Human Resource Development Programs Form a "Strategic" Merger?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomsen, Steven R.; And Others

    A study assessed the specific courses and educational needs professionals considered important in the proper undergraduate preparation of future public relations practitioners. A survey questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 1,000 human resource managers and public relations practitioners from the national membership of two professional…

  6. Why do bacteria regulate public goods by quorum sensing?-How the shapes of cost and benefit functions determine the form of optimal regulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heilmann, Silja; Krishna, Sandeep; Kerr, Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    Many bacteria secrete compounds which act as public goods. Such compounds are often under quorum sensing (QS) regulation, yet it is not understood exactly when bacteria may gain from having a public good under QS regulation. Here, we show that the optimal public good production rate per cell as a function of population size (the optimal production curve, OPC) depends crucially on the cost and benefit functions of the public good and that the OPC will fall into one of two categories: Either it is continuous or it jumps from zero discontinuously at a critical population size. If, e.g., the public good has accelerating returns and linear cost, then the OPC is discontinuous and the best strategy thus to ramp up production sharply at a precise population size. By using the example of public goods with accelerating and diminishing returns (and linear cost) we are able to determine how the two different categories of OPSs can best be matched by production regulated through a QS signal feeding back on its own production. We find that the optimal QS parameters are different for the two categories and specifically that public goods which provide accelerating returns, call for stronger positive signal feedback.

  7. Aircraft Ground Operation, Servicing, Fluid Lines and Fittings, Mechanics Privileges and Limitations, and Maintenance Publications, Forms and Records (Course Outline), Aviation Mechanics 1 (Power and Frame): 9073.02.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    The course outline consists of five instructional blocks of several units each: (1) Aircraft Ground Operation and Servicing; (2) Fluid Lines and Fittings; (3) Mechanics Requirements, Privileges and Limitations; (4) Maintenance Publications; and, (5) Maintenance forms and Records. It is a basic course of knowledge and skills necessary to any…

  8. Teleaid -en ny form for samarbeid : en observasjonsstudie med evaluering av et telemedisinsk pilotprosjekt mellom Methodist Public Health Centre Mursan, India og Kvinneklinikken, Rikshospitalet.

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobsen, Silje Berild; Simensen, Susann

    2005-01-01

    Teleaid –a new way of cooperation. An observation study with evaluation of a pilot project between Methodist Public Health Centre Mursan, India and Kvinneklinikken, Rikshospitalet. Background: In September 2003 a pilot project were initiated between Kvinneklinikken, Rikshospitalet and Methodist Public Health Centre Mursan, India. The intention was to try a new way of providing medical assistance to rural areas through telecommunication. Our role in this project was to visit India to see ho...

  9. 浅析图形设计中结构的秩序感与视觉形态的表现性%Analysis of Expressivity of Order Sense and Visual Form of Structure in Graphic Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巩珊珊

    2012-01-01

    将平面视觉设计的组织结构形式根据其构成特点分为了“常规秩序”与“非常规秩序”.当对一种“秩序”的追求到达极致甚至使人产生厌烦时,便需要另外一种“秩序”采进行调节.这种不同归因于社会的发展和人们审美趣味的变化,正是由于这种变化造就了历史上具有形形色色组织结构形式的艺术作品,这些作品通过其自身结构的表现性,诉说着其对于历史的见证.%The organization structure of plane visual design can be divided into "normative order" and "unconventional order", according to its characteristics of constituent. When the pursuit of an "order" reaches the ultimate or even engenders boredom, we need another kind of "order" to adjust. This difference is attributed to social development and changing in people's aesthetic tastes, and historical works of art with various forms of organization structure because of the change. Theses works present the history through the expressivity of their structure.

  10. 涉外治安案件处置的原则与法定程序解析%Disposal principles and legal procedures of foreign-related public order cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欢

    2011-01-01

    This article started from the meaning of foreignrelated public order case, analyzed the particularity of its foreign factors,then discussed the five disposal principles of foreignrelated public order cases,and analyzed the legal procedures for handling foreignrelated cases,which was of very important theoretical and practical significance for the police officers to train the ability of handling foreignrelated public order cases.%该论文从涉外治安案件的含义入手,对其涉外因素的特殊性进行了分析,进而探讨了涉外治安案件的五大处置原则,并解析了涉外案件处置的法定程序,这对于涉外警务人员办理涉外治安案件能力的培养具有十分重要的理论和现实意义。

  11. When CSR meets plural legal order: can palm oil companies do better than public authorities by committing to zero-deforestation in Indonesia?

    OpenAIRE

    Hospes, O.; Dermawan, A.; Termeer, C.J.A.M.

    2016-01-01

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has been seen as the manifestation of corporate citizenship or the contribution of corporations as part of society. As such, the initiatives and activities within the scope of CSR are often aimed at contributing to the society’s greater good. However, little has been discussed on the significance and implications of CSR activities in the context of plural, often conflicting, legal orders. This paper discusses a particular case when a CSR initiative overla...

  12. Constraints and Coexistence of Architectural Space Form and Function Organization——Design Analysis of Baoshan District Public Health Center,Shanghai%建筑的空间形态与功能组织的制约与共生——浅析上海市宝山区公共卫生中心设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘箐; 戴新征

    2009-01-01

    本文通过实例分析在用地、政策、法规等各方面因素的制约下如何使公共卫生中心这一新课题的总体布局、空间形态、平面功能、环境等方面得到和谐的共生.%In this paper, examples of Public Health Center were given in order to analyze how to accrete overall layout, space forms, flat features, environment etc. in harmony, restricted by land use, policies, regulations and other factors.

  13. The Contrastive Study of Word Orders between English and Chinese and its Motivation Analysis from Language Forms and Cultural Thoughts%英汉语序的对比及其语言文化的理据性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭芋坊

    2011-01-01

    The differences of word orders between English and Chinese are mainly reflected by the employment of subject,apposition,attributive modifier and adverbial modifier in their syntactic structures.This paper discusses these four kinds of word orders between English and Chinese and reveals the motivation of their differences from the perspectives of language forms and cultural thoughts.Chinese is analytic language which leads to rather fixed word orders;whereas English is synthetic-analytic language which has an effect on the more flexible word orders than those of Chinese.Different word orders can also result from different cultural thoughts,which cover subjective thought versus objective thought,collectivism versus individualism,circuitous thinking versus linear thinking.%英汉语序差异较大的主要是主语、同位语、定语和状语的语序。英汉语序的差异可以从语言形式和文化思维这两个角度进行分析。从语言形式本身分析,汉语是典型的分析型语言,语序较固定;英语是综合-分析型语言,语序既相对固定又灵活多变。文化思维差异也会影响英汉语序的不同,其中包括:主体思维和客体思维的差异、社会关系中群体和个体侧重点的不同、直线思维和迂回式思维的差异等。

  14. Contemporary forms of international movement of capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Šovran

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available International movement of capital is one of the most important forms of international economic cooperation and achievement of strategic goals of enterprises. It leads to international diversification of business activities, strengthening of competitive advantage, changes in economic structures, employment rates and economic stability of participating countries. The present research addresses the contemporary forms of international movement of capital, with an emphasis on the public-private partnerships and concessions. The creation of different forms of public-private partnerships (PPPs in Serbia gained in importance in the early ‘90s of the 20th century. PPP implies joint activities within the framework of which the public and private sector pool resources, especially financial capital and expertise in order to meet the public needs of local, regional or national significance for adequate resource allocation. This type of partnership between the public and private sector has become an effective way towards a more rational use of limited resources and development of business entities from different sectors. The partnership of the public and private sector is particularly important in the construction and maintenance of transportation and other infrastructure facilities. Concessions represent a special form of public-private partnerships.

  15. Preference Input Forms as a Method of Obtaining Feedback from Citizen Advisory Committees in the Public Participation Program of a Water Resources Planning Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Josephine Marquis

    Reported is a study of a preference input form as a means of obtaining input for incorporating advisory committee preferences into the planning process for water resource management. Two input forms were used at eastern and western Study Area Committee (SAC) meetings, for study area 8 of the Comprehensive Water Quality Management Plan (COWAMP) in…

  16. 由形态分形到秩序分形——以湖南省岳阳市张谷英村为例%From Form Fractal to Order Fractal: Taking Zhang-gu-ying Village for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董世宇

    2012-01-01

    A mathematician who researched on African villages and fractal said in his speech in TED conference that"...I began to collect the vertical photographs of African villages, and finally found that only African villages show themselves as fractal." But actually, fractal villages can also be found in China while the fractal exists on order level more than form level. The growing of fractal villages is controlled by some orders, which contents fractal order. In this thesis, the penman takes Zhang-gu-ying village for an instance, search for the determinants of it's fractal order, and summarizes that it is space order rather than form, which is the key in fractal village research.%研究非洲聚落与分形的数学家Ron Eglash在TED大会上做过关于非洲分形数学的演讲,“……我开始收集北美以及南太平洋的建筑图案,只有来自非洲的是呈现分形的结构.”事实上,分形的聚落在中国也是存在的,更多的情况下它是一种被掩盖的空间秩序,在物质空间形态上的表现并不十分明显.聚落生长是在一定的规则支配下进行的, “分形聚落”的生长规则中就隐藏了分形的生成机制.该文以张谷英村为例,通过测量、问询和查阅相关历史文献资料,分析其内在空间秩序呈现分形的原因,并说明研究聚落的内在空间秩序才是认识“分形聚落”的关键.

  17. International Monetary Fund sacrifices higher growth, employment, spending, and public investment in health systems in order to keep inflation unnecessarily low.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowden, Rick

    2010-01-01

    The International Monetary Fund's response to evidence on the impact of its programs on public health fails to address the fundamental criticisms about its policies. The IMF's demand for borrowers to achieve extremely low inflation targets is founded on very little empirical evidence in the peer-reviewed literature. The low-inflation policies privilege international creditors over domestic debtors and short-term priorities over long-term development goals, and contain high social costs, referred to by economists as a "sacrifice ratio." For example, governments' raising of interest rates to bring down inflation undermines the ability of domestic firms to expand production and employment and thus "sacrifices" higher economic growth and higher tax revenues and unnecessarily constrains domestic health spending. During financial crisis, most countries seek to lower interest rates to stimulate the economy, the opposite of the IMF's general advice. Perversely, compliance with IMF policies has become a prerequisite for receiving donor aid. Critiques of the IMF express significant concerns that IMF fiscal and monetary policies are unduly restrictive. Health advocates must weigh in on such matters and pressure their finance ministries, particularly in the G7, to take steps at the level of the IMF Executive Board to revisit and modify its policy framework on deficits and inflation. Such reforms are crucial to enable countries to generate more domestic resources while the global health community searches for ways to support strengthening health system capacity.

  18. Redefining the technical and organizational competences of children vaccination clinics in order to improve performance. A practical experience at the ULSS 12 Venetian Public Health and Hygiene Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capretta, F; Palazzi, B; Burmaz, T; Cuccarolo, G; Flora, M E; Selle, V; Cocchio, S; Baldo, V

    2014-09-01

    Since Regione Veneto suspended compulsory vaccination for children in 2008, and because of an increasing disaffection of parents to the vaccine practice, the vaccination rates have been slowly but steadily decreasing. The aim of this study was to analyze internal and external factors of immunization reduction and to implement potential solutions of the problem. Servizio Igiene e SanitàPubblica of ULSS 12 Venezi-na (SISP - Hygiene and Public Health Service) analyzed and addressed both, the reasons of parents who do not vaccinate their children and the internal problems regarding vaccination clinics management, information to families, procedures and guidelines and, in general, the communication skills of the vaccination staff. A positive trend in vaccination rates was observed, especially in Venice historical centre. Moreover the staff reported a better working atmosphere and benefit from sharing common goals and procedures, even though the workforce was reduced of about 30% in terms of equivalent unit (EU). The continuous quality improvement method followed in this experience led to a steady increase in vaccination coverage in all territorial clinics, to a better adhesion of guidelines and standard operating procedures and to a general professional empowerment of SISP staff. The service now offered to the population is better and more efficient, since the workforce has been reduced. Future goals are to improve information about vaccinations among the population.

  19. Advancing the Direction of Health Information Management in Greek Public Hospitals: Theoretical Directions and Methodological Implications for Sharing Information in order to Obtain Decision-Making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evagelia Lappa

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Although consultants have long placed the use of research information at the centre of their activity, the extent that physicians use this information tends to vary widely. Despite this study and its recommendations, there is still a gap between the functions of a manager and the use of the associated information, while the decision-making procedures vary according to the organization in which they work. The cost of IT remains the largest barrier, while some current IT solutions are not user friendly and out-of-date, particularly for public hospitals in Greece. The knowledge management is concerned not only with the facts and figures of production, but also with the know-how of staff. The information needs protocol should not be referred only to those who comply with formal computer-based information systems, but also to those who take into account other informal information and its flow within the organization. In a field such as medicine, where out-of-date information may be positively dangerous, doctors make heavy use of journals and several texts from the web. The decision-making process is a complex approach, particularly in human diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Therefore, it is very important to set priorities in the sector of health information management and promote education and training on information and communication technology (ICT.

  20. Understanding the emergence of the tobacco industry's use of the term tobacco harm reduction in order to inform public health policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peeters, Silvy; Gilmore, Anna B

    2015-03-01

    To explore the history of transnational tobacco companies' use of the term, approach to and perceived benefits of 'harm reduction'. Analysis of internal tobacco industry documents, contemporary tobacco industry literature and 6 semistructured interviews. The 2001 Institute of Medicine report on tobacco harm reduction appears to have been pivotal in shaping industry discourse. Documents suggest British American Tobacco and Philip Morris International adopted the term 'harm reduction' from Institute of Medicine, then proceeded to heavily emphasise the term in their corporate messaging. Documents and interviews suggest harm reduction offered the tobacco industry two main benefits: an opportunity to (re-) establish dialogue with and access to policy makers, scientists and public health groups and to secure reputational benefits via an emerging corporate social responsibility agenda. Transnational tobacco companies' harm reduction discourse should be seen as opportunistic tactical adaptation to policy change rather than a genuine commitment to harm reduction. Care should be taken that this does not undermine gains hitherto secured in efforts to reduce the ability of the tobacco industry to inappropriately influence policy. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  1. Colombian forensic genetics as a form of public science: The role of race, nation and common sense in the stabilization of DNA populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz-Marín, Ernesto; Wade, Peter; Cruz-Santiago, Arely; Cárdenas, Roosbelinda

    2015-12-01

    Abstract This article examines the role that vernacular notions of racialized-regional difference play in the constitution and stabilization of DNA populations in Colombian forensic science, in what we frame as a process of public science. In public science, the imaginations of the scientific world and common-sense public knowledge are integral to the production and circulation of science itself. We explore the origins and circulation of a scientific object--'La Tabla', published in Paredes et al. and used in genetic forensic identification procedures--among genetic research institutes, forensic genetics laboratories and courtrooms in Bogotá. We unveil the double life of this central object of forensic genetics. On the one hand, La Tabla enjoys an indisputable public place in the processing of forensic genetic evidence in Colombia (paternity cases, identification of bodies, etc.). On the other hand, the relations it establishes between 'race', geography and genetics are questioned among population geneticists in Colombia. Although forensic technicians are aware of the disputes among population geneticists, they use and endorse the relations established between genetics, 'race' and geography because these fit with common-sense notions of visible bodily difference and the regionalization of race in the Colombian nation.

  2. Empirical Research on Chinese Public Company's Financing Order%中国上市公司融资顺序实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    操超; 胡云飞

    2006-01-01

    在对Myers和Majuf提出的优序融资理论(pecking order theory)进行修正的基础上,采用沪市部分上市公司的财务数据,对我国上市公司的内外融资顺序进行实证检验.结果表明:在我国,公司内部的现金流赤字并不能引起内部融资额的变化,也就是说,我国上市公司主要依赖的是外部融资,而非内源融资;而在外部融资中,上市公司更加倾向于股权融资,这与国内许多学者的研究结果相似.

  3. 77 FR 40360 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... agents in order to protect the public health. The regulations also require conveyances to immediately... a number of forms--the Air Travel Illness or Death Investigation Form, Maritime Conveyance...

  4. Inverted Order

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺文婷

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the issue related to Inverted Order. There are two forms of Inversion, which are Partial Inversion and Complete Inversion. I analyze three main reasons of Inversion and its usages in details. And what’s more, under what conditions should we use Inverted construction? How can we distinguish the different usages of Complete Inversion and Partial Inversion? In this paper, I will talk more details about Inversion.%本篇论文讨论有关倒装语序的问题。倒装有两种形式,即部分倒装和完全倒装。文中分析了倒装的三个原因及其用法。具体的,在什么情况下需要使用倒装结构?我们如何区分完全倒装和部分倒装的不同用法?本篇论文将作具体阐述。

  5. The Public Building Space Form Contrast of Chinese and German University%中德大学公共教学楼空间构成对比

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王星

    2014-01-01

    本文在大学管理运营模式不断改革的背景下,通过对中德十所大学的公共教学空间的生均建筑面积和空间构成类型两方面的对比,提出了中国未来大学公共教学楼空间的发展趋势。%Under the background of the continuous reform of university management operation mode, this article through the contrast of two aspects of public teaching space constru-ction area in Chinese and German ten universities to put for-ward the development trend of Chinese university public buil-ding space in the future.

  6. Orderly Promotion of Migrant Workers in the Public-Based on Migrant Workers of Fuzhou%有序推进农民工市民化--以福州市农民工为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘德宏

    2016-01-01

    Migrant workers face many difficulties in the process of flow to the city. This poses a serious challenge to urban social order ,to public services in terms of occupation, to education and health care. The demand for migrant workers as the guide, strengthening employment services,gradually migrant workers into the government's public service system, guarantee the rights of migrant workers' children to receive education, helps to promote orderly migrant workers in an orderly manner.%农民工群体在流向城市过程中面临许多现实困难,对城市社会秩序的维护以及职业、教育和医疗等方面的公共服务提出了巨大的挑战。以农民工需求为导向,加强就业服务、逐步将农民工纳入政府公共服务体系、保障农民工随迁子女平等接受教育的权利等有助于有序推进农民工市民化。

  7. Collaborative form(s)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gunn, Wendy

    Gunn asks us to consider beauty as collaborative forms of action generated by moving between design by means of anthropology and anthropology by means of design. Specifically, she gives focus to play-like reflexions on practices of designing energy products, systems and infrastructure. Design...

  8. Assessing public speaking fear with the short form of the Personal Report of Confidence as a Speaker scale: confirmatory factor analyses among a French-speaking community sample

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heeren A

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Alexandre Heeren,1,2 Grazia Ceschi,3 David P Valentiner,4 Vincent Dethier,1 Pierre Philippot11Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; 2National Fund for Scientific Research, Brussels, Belgium; 3Department of Psychology, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland; 4Department of Psychology, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USABackground: The main aim of this study was to assess the reliability and structural validity of the French version of the 12-item version of the Personal Report of Confidence as Speaker (PRCS, one of the most promising measurements of public speaking fear.Methods: A total of 611 French-speaking volunteers were administered the French versions of the short PRCS, the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, the Fear of Negative Evaluation scale, as well as the Trait version of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory-II, which assess the level of anxious and depressive symptoms, respectively.Results: Regarding its structural validity, confirmatory factor analyses indicated a single-factor solution, as implied by the original version. Good scale reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.86 was observed. The item discrimination analysis suggested that all the items contribute to the overall scale score reliability. The French version of the short PRCS showed significant correlations with the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (r = 0.522, the Fear of Negative Evaluation scale (r = 0.414, the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (r = 0.516, and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (r = 0.361.Conclusion: The French version of the short PRCS is a reliable and valid measure for the evaluation of the fear of public speaking among a French-speaking sample. These findings have critical consequences for the measurement of psychological and pharmacological treatment effectiveness in public speaking fear among a French-speaking sample.Keywords: social phobia, public speaking, confirmatory

  9. Assessing public speaking fear with the short form of the Personal Report of Confidence as a Speaker scale: confirmatory factor analyses among a French-speaking community sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heeren, Alexandre; Ceschi, Grazia; Valentiner, David P; Dethier, Vincent; Philippot, Pierre

    2013-01-01

    The main aim of this study was to assess the reliability and structural validity of the French version of the 12-item version of the Personal Report of Confidence as Speaker (PRCS), one of the most promising measurements of public speaking fear. A total of 611 French-speaking volunteers were administered the French versions of the short PRCS, the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, the Fear of Negative Evaluation scale, as well as the Trait version of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory-II, which assess the level of anxious and depressive symptoms, respectively. Regarding its structural validity, confirmatory factor analyses indicated a single-factor solution, as implied by the original version. Good scale reliability (Cronbach's alpha = 0.86) was observed. The item discrimination analysis suggested that all the items contribute to the overall scale score reliability. The French version of the short PRCS showed significant correlations with the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (r = 0.522), the Fear of Negative Evaluation scale (r = 0.414), the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (r = 0.516), and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (r = 0.361). The French version of the short PRCS is a reliable and valid measure for the evaluation of the fear of public speaking among a French-speaking sample. These findings have critical consequences for the measurement of psychological and pharmacological treatment effectiveness in public speaking fear among a French-speaking sample.

  10. Research on the New Case of Disturbing Public Order of Exit-Entry Frontier Inspection%新型扰乱口岸秩序案件特点与对策探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊晓玲; 王惠斌

    2012-01-01

      在近年的边防检查工作实践中,上海浦东机场边检站查获多起当事人持自己真实有效护照、签证、登机牌办理边检手续后,在口岸限定区域内擅自换持其他证件、调换登机牌、变更出境目的地的案件。此类违法行为的违法成本较低,相应的处罚手段也较轻,很难起到警示作用。若不及时采取措施,对相关出入境政策、法律进行宣传,将不利于当前口岸秩序管理工作的顺利开展。因此,应严格落实政策,加大宣传力度,完善工作流程,促进信息共享,及时反馈情况。%  In recent years, more and more new cases of disturbing public order of exit-entry frontier inspection have been discovered. It has created a bad impression on the exit-entry frontier inspection and involved many fateful consequences. Therefore, we should enhance the understanding of policy and publicize the general and specific policies of exit-entry frontier inspection in order to maintain public order of exit-entry frontier inspection. At the same time, we should perfect the procedure, share the information and get positive feedback without delay.

  11. Bilinear forms and soliton solutions for a fourth-order variable-coefficient nonlinear Schrödinger equation in an inhomogeneous Heisenberg ferromagnetic spin chain or an alpha helical protein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Jin-Wei; Gao, Yi-Tian, E-mail: gaoyt163@163.com; Wang, Qi-Min; Su, Chuan-Qi; Feng, Yu-Jie; Yu, Xin

    2016-01-15

    In this paper, a fourth-order variable-coefficient nonlinear Schrödinger equation is studied, which might describe a one-dimensional continuum anisotropic Heisenberg ferromagnetic spin chain with the octuple–dipole interaction or an alpha helical protein with higher-order excitations and interactions under continuum approximation. With the aid of auxiliary function, we derive the bilinear forms and corresponding constraints on the variable coefficients. Via the symbolic computation, we obtain the Lax pair, infinitely many conservation laws, one-, two- and three-soliton solutions. We discuss the influence of the variable coefficients on the solitons. With different choices of the variable coefficients, we obtain the parabolic, cubic, and periodic solitons, respectively. We analyse the head-on and overtaking interactions between/among the two and three solitons. Interactions between a bound state and a single soliton are displayed with different choices of variable coefficients. We also derive the quasi-periodic formulae for the three cases of the bound states.

  12. Public Sphere” on Chinese Internet Has not Formed%我国互联网上的“公共领域”尚未形成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡春铮

    2014-01-01

    Currently, network media have become the second opinion field in China, especially, with the rapid development of blog and micro-blog, the people in China seem to stay in a unrestricted or rare-restricted space, therefore, the Public Sphere The-ory of Jurgen Habermas, a representative of German Frankfurt School, becomes a hot topic being studied by domestic academic circle since his era. This paper discusses the rational construction of public sphere at internet era based on Chinese reality.%当下,网络媒体在我国已成为第二个舆论场域,特别是随着博客与微博客的迅猛发展,使人们似乎感受到了一个不受限制或很少受限制的空间。于是,德国法兰克福学派代表人物于尔根·哈贝马斯关于“公共领域”的学说成为一个时期以来国内学术界研究的热门课题。本文结合中国目前的实际,探讨互联网时代的公共领域的理性建设问题。

  13. Calcul des efforts de deuxième ordre à très haute fréquence sur des plates-formes à lignes tendues Computing High-Frequency Second Order Loads on Tension Leg Platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen X.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Le problème considéré ici est celui de l'évaluation des efforts excitateurs de deuxième ordre (en mode somme, c'est-à-dire prenant place aux sommes deux à deux des fréquences de houle sur des plates-formes à lignes tendues. Ces efforts sont tenus pour responsables de comportements résonnants (en roulis, tangage et pilonnement observés lors d'essais en bassin et pourraient réduire sensiblement la durée de vie en fatigue des tendons. Des résultats sont tout d'abord présentés pour une structure simplifiée, consistant en 4 cylindres verticaux reposant sur le fond marin. L'intérêt de cette géométrie est que tous les calculs peuvent être menés à terme de façon quasi analytique. Les résultats obtenus permettent d'illustrer le haut degré d'interaction entre les colonnes, et la faible décroissance du potentiel de diffraction de deuxième ordre avec la profondeur. On présente ensuite des résultats pour une plate-forme réelle, celle de Snorre. Tension Leg Platforms (TLP's are now regarded as a promising technology for the development of deep offshore fields. As the water depth increases however, their natural periods of heave, roll and pitch tend to increase as well (roughly to the one-half power, and it is not clear yet what the maximum permissible values for these natural periods can be. For the Snorre TLP for instance, they are only about 2. 5 seconds, which seems to be sufficiently low since there is very limited free wave energy at such periods. Model tests, however, have shown some resonant response in sea states with peak periods of about 5 seconds. Often referred to as springing , this resonant motion can severely affect the fatigue life of tethers and increase their design loads. In order to calculate this springing motion at the design stage, it is necessary to identify and evaluate both the exciting loads and the mechanisms of energy dissipation. With the help of the French Norwegian Foundation a joint effort was

  14. Word Order

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rijkhoff, Jan

    2015-01-01

    The way constituents are ordered in a linguistic expression is determined by general principles and language specific rules. This article is mostly concerned with general ordering principles and the three main linguistic categories that are relevant for constituent order research: formal, functio...

  15. 公立医院辅助用工形式现状分析%Analysis on the present assistant laboring forms in public hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文京; 王霞; 崔瑜

    2011-01-01

    China's socialist market economy system reform deeply, the medical service market increasingly fierce competition, the hospital toestablish the compiled for main body, a variety of employment form common existence compiled new recruitment mechanism. With several years of practice, existing problems and problems can be forecasted are found. The authors have thought and investigated the status of assistant laboring forms. It shows that various kinds of assistant laboring forms are selected by the characters and management of position and they have done their functions. Personnel department can comprehensively use various management methods to manage and motivate those staffs. Laboring form is a general management reform. It needs the basic management experience and combining with hospital situation and relative support policy for constantly promotion.%医疗服务市场竞争日趋激烈,医院逐渐建立以编制内用工为主体,多种编制外用工形式共同存在的新的用工机制.通过几年来的运行,发现了一些问题,也预见到今后可能会发生的问题.作者对辅助用工方式的现状进行了较深入地调研与分析思考.研究表明,本院应用的各种辅助用工形式均是根据各个岗位的职业特点和管理方式选择,它们各自发挥着应有的作用.作为人事部门也能较好地运用各种管理手段,对其进行管理和激励.人事用工方式是一项综合的管理措施改革,要在以往管理工作经验的基础上,结合医院自身的实际情况和相关配套政策的改革,在今后的工作中不断探索和完善.

  16. The Universal Form of Treatment Options (UFTO as an alternative to Do Not Attempt Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR orders: a mixed methods evaluation of the effects on clinical practice and patient care.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoë Fritz

    Full Text Available AIMS: To determine whether the introduction of the Universal Form of Treatment Options (the UFTO, as an alternative approach to Do Not Attempt Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR orders, reduces harms in patients in whom a decision not to attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR was made, and to understand the mechanism for any observed change. METHODS: A mixed-methods before-and-after study with contemporaneous case controls was conducted in an acute hospital. We examined DNACPR (103 patients with DNACPR orders in 530 admissions and UFTO (118 decisions not to attempt resuscitation in 560 admissions practice. The Global Trigger Tool was used to quantify harms. Qualitative interviews and observations were used to understand mechanisms and effects. RESULTS: RATE OF HARMS IN PATIENTS FOR WHOM THERE WAS A DOCUMENTED DECISION NOT TO ATTEMPT CPR WAS REDUCED: Rate difference per 1000 patient-days was 12.9 (95% CI: 2.6-23.2, p-value=0.01. There was a difference in the proportion of harms contributing to patient death in the two periods (23/71 in the DNACPR period to 4/44 in the UFTO period (95% CI 7.8-36.1, p-value=0.006. Significant differences were maintained after adjustment for known confounders. No significant change was seen on contemporaneous case control wards. Interviews with clinicians and observation of ward practice revealed the UFTO helped provide clarity of goals of care and reduced negative associations with resuscitation decisions. CONCLUSIONS: Introducing the UFTO was associated with a significant reduction in harmful events in patients in whom a decision not to attempt CPR had been made. Coupled with supportive qualitative evidence, this indicates the UFTO improved care for this vulnerable group. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Controlled-Trials.com ISRCTN85474986 UK Comprehensive Research Network Portfolio 7932.

  17. the Public Order Police Unit in Durban

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sign of deepening social inequality, weak states, and a lack of 'social glue'. Consequently ... all these reasons, it is important to engage directly with police Workers ..... are to occur in Africa, whose states he believes are corrupt and have a.

  18. Challenges to Public Order and the Seas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    Lombok /Makassar Straits in Southeast Asia are another heavily bur- dened area in which a comprehensive cost-sharing system does not yet exist. Over...through the straits each day. In the nearby Indonesian Archipelago, the Lombok /Makassar Strait is heavily used mainly by very large crude carriers

  19. On Public Participation under Innovative Perspective of Social Governance with Ability,Desire and Forms%社会治理创新视域下的公众参与:能力、意愿及形式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹文嘉; 王惠琴

    2014-01-01

    The innovation of social governance and the modernization of governance system require an extensive participation of the social public .The ability and desire of the public participation depends on the negotiation extent of the public affairs to which it is equal ,multi-angle and open .It is necessary to build an open ,competitive and regular consultation form to ensure the real realization of public par-ticipation .%社会治理创新和治理体制现代化需要社会公众广泛参与;公众参与的能力和意愿取决于公共事务的协商过程在多大程度上是一个平等、多角度和信息开放的过程,需要通过构建开放的、可竞争的、定期的协商形式来确保公众参与的真正实现。

  20. Publicity and public relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fosha, Charles E.

    1990-01-01

    This paper addresses approaches to using publicity and public relations to meet the goals of the NASA Space Grant College. Methods universities and colleges can use to publicize space activities are presented.

  1. A geometry preserving, conservative, mesh-to-mesh isogeometric interpolation algorithm for spatial adaptivity of the multigroup, second-order even-parity form of the neutron transport equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, J. A.; Kópházi, J.; Owens, A. R.; Eaton, M. D.

    2017-10-01

    In this paper a method is presented for the application of energy-dependent spatial meshes applied to the multigroup, second-order, even-parity form of the neutron transport equation using Isogeometric Analysis (IGA). The computation of the inter-group regenerative source terms is based on conservative interpolation by Galerkin projection. The use of Non-Uniform Rational B-splines (NURBS) from the original computer-aided design (CAD) model allows for efficient implementation and calculation of the spatial projection operations while avoiding the complications of matching different geometric approximations faced by traditional finite element methods (FEM). The rate-of-convergence was verified using the method of manufactured solutions (MMS) and found to preserve the theoretical rates when interpolating between spatial meshes of different refinements. The scheme's numerical efficiency was then studied using a series of two-energy group pincell test cases where a significant saving in the number of degrees-of-freedom can be found if the energy group with a complex variation in the solution is refined more than an energy group with a simpler solution function. Finally, the method was applied to a heterogeneous, seven-group reactor pincell where the spatial meshes for each energy group were adaptively selected for refinement. It was observed that by refining selected energy groups a reduction in the total number of degrees-of-freedom for the same total L2 error can be obtained.

  2. EIA publications directory, 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-06-24

    This directory contains abstracts and ordering information for EIA publications. The abstracts are arranged by broad subject category such as coal, petroleum, natural gas, and electric power. A comprehensive subject index, a title index, and a report number index are included. Each entry gives the title, report number, publication frequency, date, number of pages, and ordering information. Publication began with the 1979 edition.

  3. Models tasks of the municipality on the basis of laws: the collective water supply and discharge of wastewater, the public transport and on maintaining cleanliness and order in municipalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Cilak

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The municipalities carry out numerous tasks of their own. For this purpose, they can create their own organizational units, as well as enter into contracts with private entrepreneurs. The rules of the various tasks are defined by the specific laws, which shows how the municipality can carry out these tasks. On the basis of special laws there are some models of conduct, eg. an obligation to conclude a civil law contract, to create their own entities or mixed solutions. The article attempts to analyze the models of carry out the municipalities own tasks on the basis of laws: the collective water supply and discharge of wastewater, the public transport and on maintaining cleanliness and order in municipalities.

  4. Order Quantity Distributions in Make-to-Order Manufacturing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Poul Svante; Nielsen, Peter

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents both an analytical and a numerical investigation into the order quantities received by a company in the form of customer orders. A discussion of assumptions regarding the behavior of demand in the form of customer orders from various perspectives within manufacturing planning ...

  5. 公安工作服务于旅游秩序的困境与对策--以凤凰旅游业为视角%The Predicament of the Public Security Work Serving Tourism Order and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾慧; 沈玲

    2015-01-01

    Tourism in Fenghuang has developed rapidly in the past ten years. The local police have taken successful measures to maintain public security in order to ensure the tourism development. These include the development of the Greater Tuojiang River patrol system, general promotion of the crime prevention and control capacities of the ancient town, promotion of the "extensive visits" to provide public evaluation of the police, and solid steps to address the hot issues the general public is concerned about. However, the police continue to face predicaments in serving the needs of tourism development.The strategies that should be adopted include: better evaluation and prevention of conflicts of interest; timely response to offences and crimes; increased public security provision in key areas; development of a tourist monitoring and emergency response system; building an adequately staffed and better equipped police force with strong capacities to meet various challenges.%近十年来凤凰县旅游业发展迅速,凤凰公安机关在维护旅游秩序方面总结了一定成功经验,如成立“大沱江”巡防格局,全面提升古城辖区防控能力;推进“大走访”开门评警,切实解决群众关注热点问题等等。但是不可否认,公安机关在服务旅游方面也还存在着许多困境。建议采取如下对策:一是深化利益纠纷排查与预防;二是及时查处和打击违法犯罪;三是加大重点性地区治安保障;四是构建游客监督和应急机制;五是全面提高人员和装备水平,以高超的能力和素质迎接各种挑战。

  6. Una lectura del transporte público concesionado en Ciudad de México desde la visión del orden urbano 1/A Reading Public Transport Concession in Mexico City from the Perspective of Urban Order/Uma leitura do transporte público concessionado na Cidade do México desde a visão da ordem urbana

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Madisson Yojan Carmona Rojas

    2016-01-01

      This article proposes a reading of public transport under concession in Mexico City from the perspective of urban order analysis -a concept developed by Emilio Duhau and Angela Giglia in various studies...

  7. Network Hatred:Obstruction and Decomposition of Order Construction in Virtual Public Domain%网络怨恨:虚拟公共领域秩序建构的梗阻与消解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    网络怨恨既是一种情感体验,也是一种生存状态。越来越多的虚拟社会现象表明,网络怨恨已经出现了一定程度上的弥散,虚拟公共领域秩序建构因而面临着无法回避的现实梗阻。网络怨恨导致无直接利益冲突的网络暴力频现,基于网络民粹主义的阶层对抗遭遇激化,同时网络空间出现颠覆性的价值位移。究其根源,网络怨恨与网络世界的平等理念、现代社会的竞争意识和难以克服的现实困境密切相关。需要通过提升虚拟公共领域的公共理性,适度满足网络怨恨的宣泄需求,构建包容性发展的网络监督体系,纠正虚拟公共领域中的价值位移等途径,才能真正消解网络怨恨,实现虚拟公共领域的秩序化运行。%Network hatred is not only an emotional experience , but also a living state.It is suggested by more and more virtual social phenomenon that network hatred has been dispersing in the new public domain and has become virtual social emotions in the keynote.Thus, order construction in the virtual public domain has been ex-posed to practical obstructions which cannot be evaded.As a result of network hatred , network violence , which has no direct conflict of interests , frequently shows up , and network populism-based hierarchical confrontation is triggered , and concurrently , subversive value displacement shows up in network space.Tracing to the source , network hatred is closely related to the equality philosophy of network world , the sense of competition in the modern society and the insurmountable practical difficulties.Only by such channels as improving public reason of the virtual public domain , moderately satisfying the needs for unbosoming network hatred , constructing net-work supervision system under inclusive development and correcting value displacement in the virtual public do -main, can network hatred be truly decomposed and regularized operation of the

  8. Public Education, Public Good.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlinson, John

    1986-01-01

    Criticizes policies which would damage or destroy a public education system. Examines the relationship between government-provided education and democracy. Concludes that privatization of public education would emphasize self-interest and selfishness, further jeopardizing the altruism and civic mindedness necessary for the public good. (JDH)

  9. Kosovar Public Diplomacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.Sc. Bekim Baliqi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available We are being witnesses that the XXI century is characterized by the rise and rapid advancement of public diplomacy, particularly in small countries that are under development, or countries that do not have classical influence through diplomacy and military influence, therefore into the category of states in which the development of public diplomacy is needed, we have included the Republic of Kosovo. The Republic of Kosovo as a new state, with without diplomatic experience and that has started from scratch, should necessarily develop the public diplomacy, because it is listed in the category of countries that we have specified above. But how should the Republic of Kosovo develop a public diplomacy? For building the basement of public diplomacy, the main tool that Kosovo should develop is communication Through the communication are held discussions, negotiations, becomes the announcement about the steps of development of the state, becomes lobbying, rises the positive image, and all these lead to the recognition of the new state and to the multilateral and bilateral cooperation agreements. In order to explain the performance and the form of the use of communication in public diplomacy, which the Republic of Kosovo has begun to use and implement in practice, and which already has brought tangible results that need improvement, we think that still has remained very long road with many political, economic, diplomatic and democratic challenges until we achieve a satisfactory level. A deeper analysis of what has been done so far, and what needs to be done in the future is required, therefore the whole problem along with the possible functional solutions is explained more specifically with theories and examples below.

  10. 交通安全宣传教育传播途径与载体形式研究%Propaganda Approach and Carrier form for Road Traffic Safety Publicity and Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚炜; 丛浩哲; 马金路

    2014-01-01

    Road traffic safety involves many factors, and the human factor is crucial. It is particularly im-portant for the traffic participants to expend the different approaches and creative carrier form of traffic safety publicity and education. The article analyzed the propaganda approaches and carrier characteristics of different groups, and put forward different carrier form suitable for traffic safety publicity and educa-tion. Then, according to traffic accident statistics, such as the nature of vehicle use, driving age, casualty age and type of industry, 13 factors from the representative group with higher accident rate were selected. Finally, based on the educational demands and acceptance level of different groups, road traffic safety ed-ucation propaganda approaches and carrier form were determined, and the production system of traffic safety publicity and education was set up, which could provide basis for planning and design of traffic safety popular science education.%在交通安全涉及的诸多因素中,人的因素最为关键。对交通参与者开展交通安全宣传教育,重点是研究拓展宣传教育渠道和途径,创新宣教载体形式。鉴于此,分析了不同群体传播途径与载体的特点,提出了适合交通安全宣教途径的载体形式。然后,根据车辆使用性质、驾驶人年龄、伤亡人员年龄及行业类型等因素的交通事故统计数据,筛选出13类事故比例较高、具有代表性的重点群体。最后,根据不同受众群体的教育需求和接受程度,确定其交通安全宣传教育途径与载体形式,建立了交通安全宣传教育途径与作品构成体系,为规划和设计交通安全科普教育系列作品提供依据。

  11. Political anthropology and social order

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Luigi Palmisano

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author discusses the role of democracy in the post-global context. By “post-global” he intends that the grands récits (systems of thought and ideologies which according to Lyotard were doomed to disappear in the post-modern era are still present and active but that they are not obvious anymore: they work underground within the processes of economic, social, political production. The author proceeds by examining the three principles on which societies order themselves: the sharing and establishment of blood ties – or time ties –, the sharing and establishment of space ties – or territorial ties – and, finally, the sharing of common action such as planning actions for the future. The author argues that democracy is the only form of political organization which is able to guarantee the possibility to these three principles of ordering the world to co-exist in such a way that none of the three principles can survive or prosper at the expense of the other two. But today this balance is threatened by a new element which sprouts from the third principle – the sharing of common action – in this case, the order of the market: a new transnational order which is also juridical, the order produced by the relations between economic actors becomes juridical. The State, intended here as expression of the territorial principle of organization of a society, is contractually week in this new context which the author calls the post-global context, and transnational holdings easily colonize the Lebenswelt. According to the author, it is not possible to practice democracy, to have strength as territorial unit, without the public and visible discussion of other ties, which are not territorial. The practice of assembly dialogue is therefore essential. He further states that democracy is a tension and not a guaranteed condition or state that one can keep to oneself

  12. Transnational Normative Orders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Poul F.

    2013-01-01

    by a protracted dual movement where the expansion and densification of statehood and autonomous forms of transnational ordering gradually emerged in a mutually constitutive fashion. One implication of this is that neither the concept of the state nor the concept of nonstate transnational entities is adequately......No weakening, but rather an expansion, of statehood can be observed in the contemporary world. This does not, on the other hand, imply that extensive forms of constitutional ordering do not exist outside the realm of states. Instead, the evolution of world society has been characterized...... capable of delineating the object of constitutional analysis. Instead, the concept of normative orders has been introduced as an overarching category capable of identifying the contexts within which constitutional ordering emerges. Subsequently, a distinction between the internal and external dimensions...

  13. The School Administrator's Publicity Handbook, with 74 Story Ideas in Handy Checkoff Format. Internal and External PR for Maximum Media Exposure and an Orderly System for Setting Up the Program. Operations Notebook 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association of California School Administrators, 1973

    1973-01-01

    This booklet presents brief, detailed guidelines intended to aid school administrators in developing and managing a publicity program for schools. Primary emphasis of the discussion is on generating publicity and media exposure; only cursory attention is devoted to the other facets of a complete public relations program. Major topics of discussion…

  14. Tidal Forms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolla Pittaluga, M.; Seminara, G.; Tambroni, N.

    2003-04-01

    We give an overview of some recent investigations on the mechanics of the processes whereby forms develop in tidal environments. The viewpoint taken here is mechanistic. Some of the questions which deserve an answer may be summarised as follows: i) do tidal channels tend to some altimetric long term equilibrium? ii) why are they typically convergent and weakly meandering? iii) how is such equilibrium affected by the hydrodynamics and morphodynamics of tidal inlets? iv) what is the hydrodynamic and morphodynamic role played by tidal flats adjacent to the channels? Some of the above questions have received a considerable attention in the last few years. Schuttelaars and de Swart (1996), Lanzoni and Seminara (2002) and, more recently, Bolla Pittaluga (2003) have investigated the first problem. In particular, the latter two contributions have shown that a straight tidal channel connected to a tidal sea at one end and closed at the other end tends to reach a long term equilibrium profile, which is slightly concave seaward and convex landward where a beach forms. The equilibrium profile is strongly sensitive to the harmonic content of the tidal forcing as well as to the value of sediment concentration established by the coastal hydrodynamics in the far field of the inlet region. Less important are the effect of channel convergence and the role of settling lag in the transport of suspended load. Insufficient attention has been devoted to the understanding of what mechanisms control channel convergence and meandering, though some similarities and differences between tidal and fluvial channels have emerged from some recent works. In particular, free bars form in tidal channels due to an instability mechanism essentially similar to that occurring under steady conditions though the oscillatory character of the flow field makes the bar pattern non migrating (Seminara and Tubino, 2001). Similarly, forced bars in curved tidal channels are driven by the development of

  15. Higher Order Spreading Models

    CERN Document Server

    Argyros, S A; Tyros, K

    2012-01-01

    We introduce the higher order spreading models associated to a Banach space $X$. Their definition is based on $\\ff$-sequences $(x_s)_{s\\in\\ff}$ with $\\ff$ a regular thin family and the plegma families. We show that the higher order spreading models of a Banach space $X$ form an increasing transfinite hierarchy $(\\mathcal{SM}_\\xi(X))_{\\xi<\\omega_1}$. Each $\\mathcal{SM}_\\xi (X)$ contains all spreading models generated by $\\ff$-sequences $(x_s)_{s\\in\\ff}$ with order of $\\ff$ equal to $\\xi$. We also provide a study of the fundamental properties of the hierarchy.

  16. Contributors Form

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2016-06-01

    to produce preprints or reprints and translate into languages other than English for sale or free distribution; and 4 the right to republish the work in a collection of articles in any other mechanical or electronic format. We give the rights to the corresponding author to make necessary changes as per the request of the journal, do the rest of the correspondence on our behalf and he/she will act as the guarantor for the manuscript on our behalf. All persons who have made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript, but who are not contributors, are named in the Acknowledgment and have given me/us their written permission to be named. If I/we do not include an Acknowledgment that means I/we have not received substantial contributions from non-contributors and no contributor has been omitted.S NoAuthors' NamesContribution (IJCME Guidelines{1 substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2 drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3 final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3}.SignatureDate                              Note: All the authors are required to sign independently in this form in the sequence given above. In case an author has left the institution/country and whose whereabouts are not known, the senior author may sign on his/her behalf taking the responsibility.No addition/deletion/ or any change in the sequence of the authorship will be permissible at a later stage, without valid reasons and permission of the Editor.If the authorship is contested at any stage, the article will be either returned or will not be processed for publication till the issue is solved.Maximum up to 4 authors for short communication and up to 6 authors for original article.

  17. Public Speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Thomas F.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the importance of public speech in society, noting the power of public speech to create a world and a public. The paper offers a theory of public speech, identifies types of public speech, and types of public speech fallacies. Two ways of speaking of the public and of public life are distinguished. (SM)

  18. Information Literacy and the Public Library

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Bo Gerner; Borlund, Pia

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports on the results of an empirical study of Danish public librarians’ conceptions of information literacy and user education in order to support and optimize lifelong learning of library users. The study builds on data from interviews of purposely selected public librarians...... and a large-scale e-mail survey (questionnaire). The results show that the public librarians consider the public library an important place for learning, but also that they do not share a common understanding of the concepts of information literacy and lifelong learning. The study further reveals a diversity...... of user education in the public library with a strong focus on the individuality of the user, and that hands-on courses are preferred as the pedagogical form....

  19. Mastering HTML5 forms

    CERN Document Server

    Gupta, Gaurav

    2013-01-01

    This tutorial will show you how to create stylish forms, not only visually appealing, but interactive and customized, in order to gather valuable user inputs and information.Enhance your skills in building responsive and dynamic web forms using HTML5, CSS3, and related technologies. All you need is a basic understanding of HTML and PHP.

  20. Analysis of the nonlinear dynamic behavior of power systems using normal forms of superior order; Analisis del comportamiento dinamico no lineal de sistemas de potencia usando formas normales de orden superior

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marinez Carrillo, Irma

    2003-08-01

    This thesis investigates the application of parameter disturbance methods of analysis to the nonlinear dynamic systems theory, for the study of the stability of small signal of electric power systems. The work is centered in the determination of two fundamental aspects of interest in the study of the nonlinear dynamic behavior of the system: the characterization and quantification of the nonlinear interaction degree between the fundamental ways of oscillation of the system and the study of the ways with greater influence in the response of the system in the presence of small disturbances. With these objectives, a general mathematical model, based on the application of the expansion in series of power of the nonlinear model of the power system and the theory of normal forms of vector fields is proposed for the study of the dynamic behavior of the power system. The proposed tool generalizes the existing methods in the literature to consider effects of superior order in the dynamic model of the power system. Starting off of this representation, a methodology is proposed to obtain analytical solutions of loop back and the extension of the existing methods is investigated to identify and quantify the of interaction degree among the fundamental ways of oscillation of the system. The developed tool allows, from analytical expressions of loop backs, the development of analytical measures to evaluate the stress degree in the system, the interaction between the fundamental ways of oscillation and the determination of stability borders. The conceptual development of the proposed method in this thesis offers, on the other hand, a great flexibility to incorporate detailed models of the power system and the evaluation of diverse measures of the nonlinear modal interaction. Finally, the results are presented of the application of the method of analysis proposed for the study of the nonlinear dynamic behavior in a machine-infinite bus system considering different modeled degrees

  1. 76 FR 31977 - Public Land Order No. 7768; Extension of Public Land Order No. 6861; Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... for its educational and scientific values. DATES: Effective Date: June 6, 2011. FOR FURTHER... requires this extension to continue protection of the educational and scientific values of the Rattler...

  2. 76 FR 61737 - Public Land Order No. 7782; Extension of Public Land Order No. 6880; Oregon

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... scientific and ecological research values, and the investment of Federal funds at the Pringle Falls... the protection of the scientific and ecological research values, along with the investment of Federal...

  3. 76 FR 52346 - Public Land Order No. 7775; Extension of Public Land Order No. 6870; Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-22

    ... extension is necessary to continue protection of the scientific and ecological research values at the... the scientific and ecological research values at the Steamboat Mountain Research Natural Area. The...

  4. Second order Standard Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnny Espin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It is known, though not commonly, that one can describe fermions using a second order in derivatives Lagrangian instead of the first order Dirac one. In this description the propagator is scalar, and the complexity is shifted to the vertex, which contains a derivative operator. In this paper we rewrite the Lagrangian of the fermionic sector of the Standard Model in such second order form. The new Lagrangian is extremely compact, and is obtained from the usual first order Lagrangian by integrating out all primed (or dotted 2-component spinors. It thus contains just half of the 2-component spinors that appear in the usual Lagrangian, which suggests a new perspective on unification. We sketch a natural in this framework SU(2×SU(4⊂SO(9 unified theory.

  5. Investigating students’ attitude towards the importance of factors included in the teaching evaluation forms of School of Public Health of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in 2010-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. H Dehghani Tafti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: students’ attitudes about teaching methodology have been widely recognised as a valid tool of evaluating teaching activities of faculty members. This study aims to determine the importance of the factors included in the teaching evaluation, from the students’ point of view. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Using a random cluster sampling, 332 students of the school of public health of Shahid Sadoughi University were selected .To collect data, a questionnaire containing three partswere used. These were demographic items, teachers’ evaluation (14 items and self-evaluation (4 items. Results: The students (80% scoredpersonal characteristics more. Among different fields of study, those studying occupational health scored the factorsless than others, and those studying at masters level scored them more than others.   The results indicated that there are significant correlation between age, marital status, and employment status of the students and the total average score.   The students scored the self-evaluation items more than 60%, There was a significant correlation between the average scores of evaluation and self-evaluation items. The students at bachelor level scored the factor more than masters students. Conclusion: The students’ focus on personal characteristics of teachers was remarkable. There is a need to revise the process of academics’ recruitment based on these findings. There is also a need to review the items included in evaluation forms of the school.

  6. Narrative form

    CERN Document Server

    Keen, Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    This revised and expanded handbook concisely introduces narrative form to advanced students of fiction and creative writing, with refreshed references and new discussions of cognitive approaches to narrative, nonfiction, and narrative emotions.

  7. Ordered sets and lattices

    CERN Document Server

    Drashkovicheva, Kh; Igoshin, V I; Katrinyak, T; Kolibiar, M

    1989-01-01

    This book is another publication in the recent surveys of ordered sets and lattices. The papers, which might be characterized as "reviews of reviews," are based on articles reviewed in the Referativnyibreve Zhurnal: Matematika from 1978 to 1982. For the sake of completeness, the authors also attempted to integrate information from other relevant articles from that period. The bibliography of each paper provides references to the reviews in RZhMat and Mathematical Reviews where one can seek more detailed information. Specifically excluded from consideration in this volume were such topics as al

  8. Public Values

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck Jørgensen, Torben; Rutgers, Mark R.

    2015-01-01

    administration is approached in terms of processes guided or restricted by public values and as public value creating: public management and public policy-making are both concerned with establishing, following and realizing public values. To study public values a broad perspective is needed. The article suggest......This article provides the introduction to a symposium on contemporary public values research. It is argued that the contribution to this symposium represent a Public Values Perspective, distinct from other specific lines of research that also use public value as a core concept. Public...... a research agenda for this encompasing kind of public values research. Finally the contributions to the symposium are introduced....

  9. STUDY ON THE PROBLEMS IN THE STAGES OF FILLING OUT THE APPLICATION FORM AND TECHNICAL-FINANCIAL REPORTING ENCOUNTERED BY THE PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS IN THE CENTRE REGION IN ACCESSING EUROPEAN FUNDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DUMITRASCU DANUT

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The article has as main field the project management, specifically, identifying the negative factors on European projects. The article assumes that there is a connection between the absorption of European funds and the maturity of the Romanian society in terms of project management. The main objective of the research is to identify the problems faced by public institutions from Centre Region in accessing European funds. The purpose of the research is to identify the causes that led to the low absorption of European funds, with devastating effects on the current economic situation. The present research is based on a preliminary analysis performed by the author on the rate of accessing European funds published in an article entitled “The current state of European funds absorption through funding programmes – measure of the Romanian performances in the project management practice”. The small degree of absorption of European funds resulting from the analysis shows a poor practice of the theory on project management. To identify the causes of this problem, a research was carried out to recognise the issues that led to this situation. The investigation included two successive surveys, the first one qualitative, exploratory type, interview-based, meant to demonstrate the qualitative aspects of the investigated phenomena and the other one, quantitative, based on a questionnaire in the form of occasional surveys. The qualitative and quantitative research methods are used in combination; this approach has become necessary especially due to the very complex reality whose trueness cannot be captured through one method. The investigation has however a highly quantitative character, the purpose of the qualitative research being to provide the prerequisites for achieving the quantitative research. The qualitative research revealed the existence of some problems faced by institutions in relation to accessing and developing projects that focus

  10. Getting our house in order: an audit of the registration and publication of clinical trials supported by the National Institute for Health Research Oxford Biomedical Research Centre and the Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit.

    OpenAIRE

    Tompson, AC; Petit-Zeman, S; Goldacre, B.; Heneghan, CJ

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To audit the proportion of clinical trials that had been publically registered and, of the completed trials, the proportion published. Setting 2 major research institutions supported by the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR). Primary and secondary outcome measures The proportion of trials reporting results within 12 months, 24 months and ‘ever’. Factors associated with non-publication were analysed using logistic regression. Inclusion criteria Phases 2–4 clinical trials i...

  11. Micro metal forming

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Micro Metal Forming, i. e. forming of parts and features with dimensions below 1 mm, is a young area of research in the wide field of metal forming technologies, expanding the limits for applying metal forming towards micro technology. The essential challenges arise from the reduced geometrical size and the increased lot size. In order to enable potential users to apply micro metal forming in production, information about the following topics are given: tribological behavior: friction between tool and work piece as well as tool wear mechanical behavior: strength and formability of the work piece material, durability of the work pieces size effects: basic description of effects occurring due to the fact, that the quantitative relation between different features changes with decreasing size process windows and limits for forming processes tool making methods numerical modeling of processes and process chains quality assurance and metrology All topics are discussed with respect to the questions relevant to micro...

  12. Fri form

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik

    2006-01-01

    Dette Kompendiun er lavet i forbindelse med en workshop i møbeldesign. En række af form-Z's værktøjer til konstruktion af dobbeltkrumme flader gennemgås. Kompendiet kan bruges til selvstudie.......Dette Kompendiun er lavet i forbindelse med en workshop i møbeldesign. En række af form-Z's værktøjer til konstruktion af dobbeltkrumme flader gennemgås. Kompendiet kan bruges til selvstudie....

  13. Road Routes for Waste Disposal, In order for the public to be able to view the Hazardous Material Routes reported to FMCSA, the data is being released in ESRI shapefile format for use in a GIS system., Published in 2006, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Louisiana State University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Road Routes for Waste Disposal dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale as of 2006. It is described as 'In order for the public to be able to view the...

  14. Understanding performative interactions in public settings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Williamson, Julie; Hansen, Lone Koefoed; Jacucci, Giulio

    2014-01-01

    Interactive digital technologies pervade our shared spaces in personal, mobile, infrastructural and other embedded forms. These changes challenge the ways we understand and investigate the relationships between people, computing and settings. Responding to this situation—where ubiquitous computing...... is not only personal but also public, and where digital interactions may happen anywhere—this special issue explores how HCI research can use the strengths of an intersection of theory, practice and innovation in order to best address this conjunction of interactive technologies, public spaces and people...

  15. Automorphic Forms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von Essen, Flemming Brændgaard

    systems. For automorphic forms wrt. Hecke triangle groups and Fuchsian groups with no elliptic elements and genus 0, we show that some logarithms of multiplier systems can be interpreted as a linking number. Finally we show a "twisted" version of the prime geodesics theorem, and logarithms of multiplier...

  16. Cosmic Forms

    CERN Document Server

    Kleman, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    The continuous 1D defects of an isotropic homogeneous material in an Euclidean 3D space are classified by a construction method, the Volterra process (VP). We employ the same method to classify the continuous 2D defects (which we call \\textit{cosmic forms}) of a vacuum in a 4D maximally symmetric spacetime. These defects fall into three different classes: i)- $m$-forms, akin to 3D space disclinations, related to ordinary rotations and analogous to Kibble's global cosmic strings (except that being continuous any deficit angle is allowed); ii)- $t$-forms, related to Lorentz boosts (hyperbolic rotations); iii)- $r$-forms, never been considered so far, related to null rotations. A detailed account of their metrics is presented. Their inner structure in many cases appears as a non-singular \\textit{core} separated from the outer part by a timelike hypersurface with distributional curvature and/or torsion, yielding new types of geometrical interactions with cosmic dislocations and other cosmic disclinations. Whereas...

  17. Getting our house in order: an audit of the registration and publication of clinical trials supported by the National Institute for Health Research Oxford Biomedical Research Centre and the Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tompson, A C; Petit-Zeman, S; Goldacre, B; Heneghan, C J

    2016-03-02

    To audit the proportion of clinical trials that had been publically registered and, of the completed trials, the proportion published. 2 major research institutions supported by the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR). The proportion of trials reporting results within 12 months, 24 months and 'ever'. Factors associated with non-publication were analysed using logistic regression. Phases 2-4 clinical trials identified from internal documents and publication lists. In total, 286 trials were identified. We could not find registration for 4 (1.4%) of these, all of which were completed and published. Of the trials with a registered completion date pre-January 2015, just over half (56%) were published, and half of these were published within 12 months (36/147, 25%). For some trials, information on the public registers was found to be out-of-date and/or inaccurate. No clinical trial characteristics were found to be significantly associated with non-publication. We have produced resources to facilitate similar audits elsewhere. It was feasible to conduct an internal audit of registration and publication in 2 major research institutions. Performance was similar to, or better than, comparable cohorts of trials sampled from registries. The major resource input required was manually seeking information: if all registry entries were maintained, then almost the entire process of audit could be automated--and routinely updated--for all research centres and funders. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  18. Learning to Order Things

    CERN Document Server

    Cohen, W W; Singer, Y; 10.1613/jair.587

    2011-01-01

    There are many applications in which it is desirable to order rather than classify instances. Here we consider the problem of learning how to order instances given feedback in the form of preference judgments, i.e., statements to the effect that one instance should be ranked ahead of another. We outline a two-stage approach in which one first learns by conventional means a binary preference function indicating whether it is advisable to rank one instance before another. Here we consider an on-line algorithm for learning preference functions that is based on Freund and Schapire's 'Hedge' algorithm. In the second stage, new instances are ordered so as to maximize agreement with the learned preference function. We show that the problem of finding the ordering that agrees best with a learned preference function is NP-complete. Nevertheless, we describe simple greedy algorithms that are guaranteed to find a good approximation. Finally, we show how metasearch can be formulated as an ordering problem, and present ex...

  19. Rodent-borne diseases and their risks for public health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meerburg, B.G.; Singleton, G.R.; Kijlstra, A.

    2009-01-01

    Rodents are the most abundant and diversified order of living mammals in the world. Already since the Middle Ages we know that they can contribute to human disease, as black rats were associated with distribution of plague. However, also in modern times rodents form a threat for public health. In

  20. Rodent-borne diseases and their risks for public health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meerburg, B.G.; Singleton, G.R.; Kijlstra, A.

    2009-01-01

    Rodents are the most abundant and diversified order of living mammals in the world. Already since the Middle Ages we know that they can contribute to human disease, as black rats were associated with distribution of plague. However, also in modern times rodents form a threat for public health. In th

  1. A Comparison of the Twelve Core Values of Thai People Defined by the Head of the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) Found in Thai Private and Public University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngammuk, Patariya

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to examine the twelve core values of Thai people found in Thai university students. The twelve values consist of the following attributes: 1.Upholding the nation, the religions and the Monarchy 2. Being honest, sacrificial and patient with positive attitude for the common good of the public 3. Being grateful to the parents,…

  2. Creative communication in public relations activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalibor Jakus

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses several approaches to new waves of public relations. Emphasis is given to the creative impulse since many public relations professionals are less familiar with it than other forms of communication. Five criteria are suggested for structuring creative communications: 1. learning how to be a good storyteller; 2. visual communication is the content that could increasingly build strong relationships with audiences; 3. the PR practitioner’s challenge is to evaluate what people are discussing and identify the recurring issues in their marketplace; 4. recognizing that local is new global; and 5. predicate that PR is constantly changing. People who work in public relations possess the skill of offering arguments that will convince the people themselves of something. However, these skills can be offered in traditional or creative forms of expression. If we define public relations as the management of an organization’s communication with its public, then we are referring to the traditional dimension of public relations, the basis and ultimate goal of which are to cultivate relationships with the participants of the process in order to obtain support and to build trust and reputation.

  3. Public lighting.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, D.A.

    1986-01-01

    The function of public lighting and the relationship between public lighting and accidents are considered briefly as aspects of effective countermeasures. Research needs and recent developments in installation and operational described. Public lighting is an efficient accident countermeasure, but

  4. Public Computation & Boundary Play

    CERN Document Server

    Sengupta, Pratim

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce 'public computation' as a genre of learning environments that can be used to radically broaden public participation in authentic, computation-enabled STEM disciplinary practices. Our paradigmatic approach utilizes open source software designed for professional scientists, engineers and digital artists, and situates them in an undiluted form, alongside live and archived expert support, in a public space. We present a case study of DigiPlay, a prototypical public computation space we designed at the University of Calgary, where users can interact directly with scientific simulations as well as the underlying open source code using an array of massive multi- touch screens. We argue that in such a space, public interactions with the code can be thought of as boundary work and play, through which public participation becomes legitimate scientific act, as the public engages in scientific creation through truly open-ended explorations with the code.

  5. AN ANISOTROPIC INTERPOLATE THEOREM AND ITS APPLICATIONS TO THE MIXED FORM OF SECOND ORDER ELLIPTIC PROBLEM%一个各向异性插值定理及其在二阶问题混合元中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋士仓; 陈绍春

    2004-01-01

    At first this paper presents an interpolate theorem with anisotropic property, which can be applied to estimate the interpolate error based on different directions. Then a discrete mixed form for the second order elliptic problem is constructed.The gradient vector is approximated by non-full piesewise double quadratic polynomials, the function u by piecewise constants only. The advantage is that this scheme is still convergent without regularity assumption of subdivision to domain Ω.

  6. Gender Orders Unbound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    During the last thirty years, the modernisation of gender relations has been dynamic and comprehensive, shaped by the conflicting forces of globalisation as well as women's movements around the world. As the patterns of segregation and discrimination of the classical industrial gender order erode...... issues are the chances and the barriers for equality and new forms of gender reciprocity and solidarity.......During the last thirty years, the modernisation of gender relations has been dynamic and comprehensive, shaped by the conflicting forces of globalisation as well as women's movements around the world. As the patterns of segregation and discrimination of the classical industrial gender order erode......, new complexities and contentions in gender relations emerge at various sites such as politics, work and families. The main aim of the book is to trace formal as well as informal gender contracts as they emerge in everyday life and also in new norms and regulations set by state and enterprises. Core...

  7. Methods for forming particles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fox, Robert V.; Zhang, Fengyan; Rodriguez, Rene G.; Pak, Joshua J.; Sun, Chivin

    2016-06-21

    Single source precursors or pre-copolymers of single source precursors are subjected to microwave radiation to form particles of a I-III-VI.sub.2 material. Such particles may be formed in a wurtzite phase and may be converted to a chalcopyrite phase by, for example, exposure to heat. The particles in the wurtzite phase may have a substantially hexagonal shape that enables stacking into ordered layers. The particles in the wurtzite phase may be mixed with particles in the chalcopyrite phase (i.e., chalcopyrite nanoparticles) that may fill voids within the ordered layers of the particles in the wurtzite phase thus produce films with good coverage. In some embodiments, the methods are used to form layers of semiconductor materials comprising a I-III-VI.sub.2 material. Devices such as, for example, thin-film solar cells may be fabricated using such methods.

  8. Methods for forming particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Robert V.; Zhang, Fengyan; Rodriguez, Rene G.; Pak, Joshua J.; Sun, Chivin

    2016-06-21

    Single source precursors or pre-copolymers of single source precursors are subjected to microwave radiation to form particles of a I-III-VI.sub.2 material. Such particles may be formed in a wurtzite phase and may be converted to a chalcopyrite phase by, for example, exposure to heat. The particles in the wurtzite phase may have a substantially hexagonal shape that enables stacking into ordered layers. The particles in the wurtzite phase may be mixed with particles in the chalcopyrite phase (i.e., chalcopyrite nanoparticles) that may fill voids within the ordered layers of the particles in the wurtzite phase thus produce films with good coverage. In some embodiments, the methods are used to form layers of semiconductor materials comprising a I-III-VI.sub.2 material. Devices such as, for example, thin-film solar cells may be fabricated using such methods.

  9. Constituting Public Engagement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davies, Sarah Rachael

    2013-01-01

    This article uses data from two U.K. studies in order to explore the meanings attached to public engagement. It focuses on two issues of importance to contemporary discussions of science communication: the degree to which there has been a smooth transition, in practice, from models of public unde...... backgrounds, suggesting that multiple and overlapping meanings around PEST are derived from particular histories that have been brought together, through the rubric of public engagement, in assemblages such as the Beacons. © 2013 SAGE Publications....

  10. Research in Public Relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coriolan PĂUNESCU

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Research has an important role in public relations (PR being necessary in developing strategies in this area. Therefore, we can speak oftwo types of research, the applied research and theoretical research, both being successfully used in the work of public relations. Applied research,can be strategic (used in programs in order to identify attitudes and opinions of the target public, to develop strategies for formulating andtransmitting messages, to establish the criteria for evaluating the work and evaluative by which it determines the communication efficiency, incarrying out the program of public relations (in fact it is the comparison between the established and achieved objectives.

  11. Some examples of universal and generic partial orders

    CERN Document Server

    Nesetril, Jaroslav

    2010-01-01

    We survey structures endowed with natural partial orderings and prove their universality. These partial orders include partial orders on set of words, partial orders formed by geometric objects, grammars, polynomials and homomorphism order for various combinatorial objects.

  12. Public Broadcasting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shooshan, Harry M.; Arnheim, Louise

    This paper, the second in a series exploring future options for public policy in the communications and information arenas, examines some of the issues underlying public broadcasting, primarily public television. It advances two reasons why quality local public television programming is scarce: funds for the original production of programming have…

  13. FEATURES OF THE ORGANIZATION OF ACTIONS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES TO MAINTAIN LAW AND ORDER ON THE TERRITORY OF KRASNODAR REGION AS THE BASIS FOR A STABLE COOPERATION OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES WITH CIVIL SOCIETY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Kasyanov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the coordination meeting of the region is the improvement of the activities of law enforcement and efficient interaction of Executive authorities with public organizations of the region. Currently the focus is on police cooperation with security agencies and Executive bodies to obtain information and exchange information about the phenomenon in General. During the celebrations is the involvement of law enforcement voluntary national and Cossack teams. Employees of road patrol services region in a timely manner ensures road safety, organized by the prevention and suppression of offenses. For the purpose of anti-terrorist security of the population and socio-infrastructure facilities, law enforcement officers, using technical means, service dogs in advance to survey the territory of places of mass public events. Currently in Krasnodar monitored more than 85 road intersections, public transport stops, transport stations of the city of Krasnodar, at the bus station, the airport and at the state, municipal educational institutions, administrative buildings, parks, squares, shopping, entertainment centers, temples. One of the main directions in 2014 - 2015 was the task of increasing the effectiveness of investigative activities. It was directly related to the implementation of the basic principle of justice – ensuring the inevitability of punishment for the committed crime. Technical possibilities of the modern cameras allow you to set even the personality of the person. Examples of successful work on disclosing especially grave crimes can be facts the disclosure of various crimes in the districts and localities of Krasnodar region. Examples of effective work on disclosing especially grave crimes can be facts the disclosure of various crimes in Krasnoarmeysky district, in cities of Krasnodar, Armavir, Kropotkin and Novorossiysk. A full-fledged activity of civil society depends on the social environment, lack of criminality.

  14. Order aggressiveness and order book dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hall, Anthony D.; Hautsch, Nikolaus

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we study the determinants of order aggressiveness and traders’ order submission strategy in an open limit order book market. Applying an order classification scheme, we model the most aggressive market orders, limit orders as well as cancellations on both sides of the market...... employing a six-dimensional autoregressive conditional intensity model. Using order book data from the Australian Stock Exchange, we find that market depth, the queued volume, the bid-ask spread, recent volatility, as well as recent changes in both the order flow and the price play an important role...... in explaining the determinants of order aggressiveness. Overall, our empirical results broadly confirm theoretical predictions on limit order book trading. However, we also find evidence for behavior that can be attributed to particular liquidity and volatility effects...

  15. 32 CFR 728.54 - U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS), other than members of the uniformed services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS), other than... FACILITIES Beneficiaries of Other Federal Agencies § 728.54 U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS), other than... 43 (Contract Health Service Purchase Order for Hospital Services Rendered) or HRSA form 64...

  16. Food, publics, science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blue, Gwendolyn

    2010-03-01

    This paper draws attention to food as a site around which a historically particular form of public engagement has emerged. In the past decade, some of the most lively debates and policy actions for science and publics have focused on food related issues: first with BSE and subsequently with genetically modified organisms. Even though much of the literature surrounding publics and science acknowledges that the very definition of "publics" is shifting, little attention has been paid to food as a significant arena in which publics are engaging in politically motivated challenges to techno-scientific practices, policies and institutions. Taking food seriously means contextualizing publics as well as extending discursive models of democratic engagement to embrace consumer practices.

  17. The Use of Format Adaptation in Danish Public Service Programming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Pia Majbritt

    2013-01-01

    The article investigates Danish public service broadcasters’ use of format adaptations over a 12-year period in order to examine claims that formats constitute a potential threat to public service broadcasting and the national Danish television industry and culture. The article’s findings, howeve...... service orientation. Instead the article argues, following German sociologist Ulrich Beck, that format adaptation can represent a form of ‘banal transnationalism’, pointing to the fact that the world is no longer exclusively defined by national boundaries.......The article investigates Danish public service broadcasters’ use of format adaptations over a 12-year period in order to examine claims that formats constitute a potential threat to public service broadcasting and the national Danish television industry and culture. The article’s findings, however...

  18. Magnetic order in ?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crook, M. R.; Coles, B. R.; Ritter, C.; Cywinski, R.

    1996-10-01

    Neutron powder diffraction has been used to study the evolution of magnetic order with increasing Zr substitution in the C14 Laves phase compounds 0953-8984/8/41/022/img8. For compounds with x = 0.3 and x = 0.4 we find a simple antiferromagnetic structure, similar to that reported for isostructural 0953-8984/8/41/022/img9. In this structure the Fe moments at the 6h sites are aligned along the c-axis, ferromagnetically coupled within the a - b plane, with adjacent planes antiferromagnetically coupled. This spin structure results in a cancellation of the molecular field at the interplanar 2a sites, and the Fe atoms at these sites carry no ordered moment. The neutron diffraction measurements on 0953-8984/8/41/022/img10 compounds in the composition range 0953-8984/8/41/022/img11 provide evidence of a low-temperature spin-canted structure in which the antiferromagnetic structure described above is modified by the appearance of a basal-plane ferromagnetic component which in turn leads to a small ordered Fe moment at the 2a site. The temperature dependence of the staggered magnetization in the antiferromagnetic state of the x = 0.4 compounds is found to closely follow the form 0953-8984/8/41/022/img12, as predicted for weak itinerant antiferromagnets by SCR spin-fluctuation theory.

  19. FORMS OF TAX EVASION IN ROMANIA. ANALYTICAL PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PETRE BREZEANU

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study brings to the fore an analysis of the phenomenon of tax evasion in Romania. The perspective is broad, with a descriptive substrate, originally founded by highlighting the dimensions that define this phenomenon; later, the perspective is materialized by the presentation of tax evasion schemes that often takes the form of real complex fiscal and also financial engineering. The purpose of this work consists in the awareness of practitioners, academics and the public of the tax evasion forms useful in order to identify precise modalities to combat it. Since the volume of funds subject to the phenomenon of tax evasion is greater, the negative effects of macroeconomic environment.

  20. 78 FR 9432 - Agency Forms Submitted for OMB Review, Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    ... consideration of your comments, it is best if the RRB and OIRA receive them within 30 days of the publication... information is used by the RRB to determine the effect of a disability on an applicant's ability to work. Form... order to determine the effect of a disability on an annuitant's ability to work, the RRB needs...

  1. Watching How Planets Form

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    explained if the disc contains a large amount of gas, in this case, at least as much as 10 times the mass of Jupiter. It should also contain more than 50 Earth masses in dust. The dust mass derived here is more than thousand times larger than what is observed in debris discs and Kuiper belt-like structures found around older, 'Vega-like' stars, such as Beta Pictoris, Vega, Fomalhaut and HR 4796. The dust around these stars is thought to be produced by collisions of larger bodies. The dust mass observed around HD 97048 is similar to the mass invoked for the (undetected) parent bodies in the more evolved systems. HD 97048's disc is thus most likely a precursor of debris discs observed around older stars. "From the structure of the disc, we infer that planetary embryos may be present in the inner part of the disc," said Lagage. "We are planning follow-up observations at higher angular resolution with ESO's VLT interferometer in order to probe these regions." A video, made by the CEA, is also available. More Information The scientists report their discovery in the 28 September issue of Science Express, the rapid online publication service of the journal Science: "Anatomy of a flaring proto-planetary disc around a young intermediate-mass star", by P.-O. Lagage et al. The team is composed of Pierre-Olivier Lagage, Coralie Doucet, and Eric Pantin, (CEA Saclay, France), Sébastien Charnoz (Paris 7 Denis Diderot University), Emilie Habart (Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Orsay, France), Gaspard Duchêne, François Ménard, and Christophe Pinte (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, France), and Jan-Willem Pel (Groningen University, The Netherlands).

  2. Innovations for sustainable public transport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hrelja, Robert; Hansson, Lisa; Richardson, Tim

    is to contribute effectively to the development of an efficient and sustainable transport system (for example, forms for the coordination of public transport, land use, and infrastructure planning); (ii) public transport must not be seen as an end in itself, or as merely a technical transport system; (iii...... qualitative case- studies of public transport in Skåne, Aarhus, and Trondheim, and uses an empirical material consisting of written material and interviews. It concludes that: (i) new forms of coordination between organizations and policy areas are called for in a number of critical areas, if public transport......- system developments that undermine the long-term competitiveness of public transport....

  3. Forms of matter and forms of radiation

    CERN Document Server

    Kleman, Maurice

    2009-01-01

    The theory of defects in ordered and ill-ordered media is a well-advanced part of condensed matter physics. Concepts developed in this field also occur in the study of spacetime singularities, namely: i)- the topological theory of quantized defects (Kibble's cosmic strings) and ii)- the Volterra process for continuous defects, used to classify the Poincar\\'e symmetry breakings. We reassess the classification of Minkowski spacetime defects in the same theoretical frame, starting from the conjecture that these defects fall into two classes, as on they relate to massive particles or to radiation. This we justify on the empirical evidence of the Hubble's expansion. We introduce timelike and null congruences of geodesics treated as ordered media, viz. 'm'-crystals of massive particles and 'r'-crystals of massless particles, with parallel 4-momenta in M^4. Classifying their defects (or 'forms') we find (i) 'm'- and 'r'- Volterra continuous line defects and (ii) quantized topologically stable 'r'-defects, these latt...

  4. Public Private Partnerships in Urban Regeneration Projects: organizational form or managerial capacity : The impact of arm’s length, discretionary powers, tightness and network management efforts on URC outcomes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.B. Kort (Michiel); E-H. Klijn (Erik-Hans)

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstractAbstract Urban Regeneration Companies (URCs) are public private entities that have begun to appear in several European nations and are set up specifically to manage and implement Urban Regeneration projects. One of the core ideas behind the establishment of these partnerships is

  5. Tectonics: The meaning of form

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Karl; Brandt, Per Aage

    Tectonics – The meaning of form deals with one of the core topics of architecture: the relationship between form and content. In the world of architecture, form is not only made from brick, glass and wood. Form means something. When a material is processed with sufficient technical skill and insi...... perspectives. You can read the chapters in any order you like – from the beginning, end or the middle. There is no correct order. The project is methodologically inductive: the more essays you read, the broader your knowledge of tectonics get....

  6. Variable Order and Distributed Order Fractional Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenzo, Carl F.; Hartley, Tom T.

    2002-01-01

    Many physical processes appear to exhibit fractional order behavior that may vary with time or space. The continuum of order in the fractional calculus allows the order of the fractional operator to be considered as a variable. This paper develops the concept of variable and distributed order fractional operators. Definitions based on the Riemann-Liouville definitions are introduced and behavior of the operators is studied. Several time domain definitions that assign different arguments to the order q in the Riemann-Liouville definition are introduced. For each of these definitions various characteristics are determined. These include: time invariance of the operator, operator initialization, physical realization, linearity, operational transforms. and memory characteristics of the defining kernels. A measure (m2) for memory retentiveness of the order history is introduced. A generalized linear argument for the order q allows the concept of "tailored" variable order fractional operators whose a, memory may be chosen for a particular application. Memory retentiveness (m2) and order dynamic behavior are investigated and applications are shown. The concept of distributed order operators where the order of the time based operator depends on an additional independent (spatial) variable is also forwarded. Several definitions and their Laplace transforms are developed, analysis methods with these operators are demonstrated, and examples shown. Finally operators of multivariable and distributed order are defined in their various applications are outlined.

  7. Nonlinear observer design for a first order hyperbolic PDE: application to the estimation of the temperature in parabolic solar collectors**Research reported in this publication has been supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

    KAUST Repository

    Elmetennani, Shahrazed

    2016-08-09

    In this paper, the problem of estimating the distributed profile of the temperature along the tube of a concentrated distributed solar collector from boundary measurements is addressed. A nonlinear observer is proposed based on a nonlinear integral transformation. The objective is to force the estimation error to follow some stable transport dynamics. Convergence conditions are derived in order to determine the observer gain ensuring the stabilization of the estimation error in a finite time. Numerical simulations are given to show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm under different working conditions. (C) 2016, IFAC (International Federation of Automatic Control) Hosting by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Public Economy versus Planned Economy. Current Approaches and Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Matei

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available he present paper proposes a review of the current object and problems facing the public economy. For the past decade and a half, public economy has clearly come back in the attention of the research interests of specialists from the Central and Eastern European countries. Among these, the scientific research encompassed by the public economy area interrelates with the international trends. At a closer look, public economy appears to be a science, particularly interdisciplinary, with sociological, political, econometrical or systemic approaches possible to prevail. To continue, the author makes reference to four pillars of the public economy: optimum, welfare, social choice and economic justice that allow different approaches to develop. A science branch, equally theoretical and practical, public economy will stress its connections with the economic and mathematic modeling, systemic analysis or sociological and political research. Still, seve¬ral problems in public economy remain open. These concentrate on the public interest, intervention and decision. Conceptualization, understanding and description of the mechanisms that allow the operationalisation may form the basis for further developments on both theoretical and practical level. A clear distinction in order to justify the title of this article needs to be made. Public economy is not to be confused with planning economy. The state remains but one of the producers and delivery agents of public goods and services.

  9. Public Economy versus Planned Economy. Current Approaches and Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Matei

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper proposes a review of the current object and problems facing the public economy. For the past decade and a half, public economy has clearly come back in the attention of the research interests of specialists from the Central and Eastern European countries. Among these, the scientific research encompassed by the public economy area interrelates with the international trends. At a closer look, public economy appears to be a science, particularly interdisciplinary, with sociological, political, econometrical or systemic approaches possible to prevail. To continue, the author makes reference to four pillars of the public economy: optimum, welfare, social choice and economic justice that allow different approaches to develop. A science branch, equally theoretical and practical, public economy will stress its connections with the economic and mathematic modeling, systemic analysis or sociological and political research. Still, seve¬ral problems in public economy remain open. These concentrate on the public interest, intervention and decision. Conceptualization, understanding and description of the mechanisms that allow the operationalisation may form the basis for further developments on both theoretical and practical level. A clear distinction in order to justify the title of this article needs to be made. Public economy is not to be confused with planning economy. The state remains but one of the producers and delivery agents of public goods and services.

  10. Public Schools

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This Public Schools feature dataset is composed of all Public elementary and secondary education in the United States as defined by the Common Core of Data, National...

  11. Public lighting.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2011-01-01

    Visual perception is very important for road users and in the dark it can be facilitated by public lighting. Public lighting has a mostly positive road safety effect. Installing public lighting on roads that were previously unlit generally results in fewer and less serious crashes. This effect seems

  12. Are All Forms of Scholarship Considered Equal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Chris; Carrigan, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Boyer's four forms of scholarship were detailed in his 1990 book Scholarship Reconsidered: Priorities of the Professoriate. In the 18 years since publication of that book, universities struggle with changing the promotion and tenure criteria to include all four forms of scholarship. Faculty members often focus on publications as they prepare for…

  13. The Emerging World Order

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PETER COLLECOTT

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available It is common ground amongst almost all commentators that the world has changed radically over the past 25 years – the 25 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall heralded the ending of the Cold War, the reunification of a tragically divided Europe, and the acceleration of the process of globalisation which has its only comparable period in the decades leading up to the First World War in 1914. When analyzing the Emerging World Order it is important to cover more than Brazil economy or any other individual BRICs or other Emerging Powers. Instead, our analysis will provide a global view about the economic and political global power structures which are evolving and forming before our eyes, and then to talk about the challenges these emerging realities pose for us in Europe, and in the West in general.

  14. A Discussion of the Building of Pactional Order between the Government and the Public%论构建我国政府与市民的契约秩序

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建敏; 张国卿

    2012-01-01

    In order to be adapted to globalization in the development,the government should borrow experiences from Western countries,to regulate problems found in social and economic developments based on pacts,and promote the development.%为了适应经济全球化发展趋势,我国政府应借签西方国家的管理经验,建立规范的以契约为基础的社会秩序,以解决社会发展中出现的矛盾,促进经济的良性发展与社会的和谐发展。

  15. Mammoth order for Singapore project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Two new hospitals in Singapore that form a new integrated healthcare hub, that feature a range of innovations in patient treatment and care, and are reportedly the country's first such healthcare facilities built together as an integrated development to complement each other's capabilities and services, were officially opened by Singapore's Prime Minister, Lee Hsien Loong, last October. Operated by Jurong Health, a public healthcare 'cluster' formed to facilitate the integration of healthcare services in the west of Singapore, the Ng Teng Fong Hospital and Jurong Community Hospital feature an extensive array of Gerflor flooring, selected, as the company explains in this article, for a combination of outstanding aesthetics, durability, safety, and hard wear.

  16. Waltzing between Order and Ordering - a Social Practice Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Brian Vejrum; Boer, Harry

    2007-01-01

    Organisations are often depicted as strategic intention seeking entities creating strategic objects that form pockets of order in uncertain environments. This design-based view of strategic development is challenged in this paper. The paper illustrates that organisations in building dynamic capab...

  17. De la ebullición a la contrarrevolución. Los significados del orden público en los libros de los gobernantes de la Segunda República española, 1931-1936 = From Boiling to Counterrevolution. The Meanings of Public Order in the Books of the Rulers of...

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Vaquero Martínez

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza los significados del orden público atribuidos por los gobernantes de la Segunda República española, en el marco de la cultura política republicana, mediante el estudio de sus memorias, diarios y libros. Para ampliar la comprensión de dicho término, se ha incorporado el estudio de otros conceptos relacionados con el mismo en cuatro niveles distintos de concreción semántica: el orden político, el orden público, las fuerzas coercitivas y la protesta colectiva. La clasificación de todas estas concepciones en función de la filiación política de sus autores ha permitido la diferenciación de tres discursos republicanos del orden público: uno liberal, uno reformista y otro contrarrevolucionario. Como conclusión, se demuestra la pluralidad de significados adscritos al concepto de orden público por parte de las élites republicanas y las diferencias que algunos de ellos contenían en comparación con las concepciones propias del régimen de la Restauración.This article analyses the meanings of Public Order attributed by the rulers of the Spanish Second Republic in the framework of the republican political culture, by studying their memoirs, diaries and books. To broaden the understanding of this term, the study of other related concepts in four different levels of semantic concretion has been included: the political order, the public order, the coercive forces and the collective protest. The classification of all these conceptions according to the political affiliation of their authors has allowed the differentiation of three republican speeches on public order: one liberal, one reformist, and another counterrevolutionary. In conclusion, the plurality of meanings assigned to the concept of Public Order by the republican elites, and the differences that some of them contained in comparison with the conceptions of the regime of the Restoration are demonstrated.

  18. Public History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Gouveia de Oliveira Rovai

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como proposta apresentar o conceito e as práticas de História Pública como um novo posicionamento da ciência histórica em diálogo com profissionais da comunicação, no sentido de produzir e divulgar as experiências humanas. Para isso, discute-se a origem do conceito de História Pública e as diferentes formas de educação histórica que a utilização das novas tecnologias podem proporcionar (dentre elas a internet. Nesse sentido, convida-se o leitor para a reflexão sobre as possibilidades de publicização e de democratização do conhecimento histórico e da cultura, ampliando-se a oportunidade de produção, de divulgação e de acesso do público a diferentes formas experiências no tempo. O artigo também intenciona chamar atenção dos profissionais que lidam com a História e com a Comunicação para os perigos de produções exclusivamente submetidas ao mercado que transformam a popularização da História no reforço de estigmas culturais.   PALAVRAS-CHAVE: História Pública; Educação histórica e Comunicação; democratização e estigmatização.     ABSTRACT This article aims to present the concept and practices of Public History as a new positioning of historical science in dialogue with communication professionals, in the sense of producing and disseminating human experiences. For this, the origin of the concept of Public History and the different forms of historical education that the use of the new technologies can provide (among them the Internet is discussed. In this sense, the reader is invited to reflect on the possibilities of publicizing and democratizing historical knowledge and culture, expanding the opportunity for production, dissemination and public access to different forms of experience in time. The article also intends to draw attention from professionals dealing with History and Communication to the dangers of exclusively commercialized productions that transform the popularization

  19. 'The Public Spectre'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Kim Sune Karrasch; Bertilsson, Margareta; Delgado, Ana

    2016-01-01

    This paper is concerned with how forms of publics come into being in situations of technological innovation and change. The paper attends to sudden social formations which arise as responses to what is perceived of as threatening socio-technical inventions into the routine of everyday social life...... various institutional contexts, we suggest a concept of mobilizing unexpected agencies that we call the public spectre. Crowds emerge spontaneously, and assume the figure of a ‘public spectre’ that resides in the unforeseen. When repeated as collective events, crowds stabilize and assume the figure...

  20. THE PUBLIC IMAGE – FACETS AND STAGES IN ITS CREATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina RADULESCU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Public image is the representation or the idea that the public envisages as to an institution/organization and that special literature coins as: institutional image, enterprise image, prestige publicity, brand image, product image, institutional communication – all of these phrases representing multiple ”facets” of the public image whose unique goal is to create a positive representation of an institution. These facets – which are essentially different – often overlap.Thus, in this paper, we intend to distinguish between the multiple facets that the public image implies and, in order to do this, we firstly refer to the definition, characteristics and structure of the public image, so that we separately analyse its forms of manifestation and reveal the specific difference of the institutional image – which in its pure form aims at creating in the consumer’s/citizen’s mind an identity and a clear organizational representation, which is particularly different from commercial mark images. In the conclusion section to our paper, we indicate the steps that have to be followed in order to create a positive image for an organization.

  1. The phenomenon of the Spanish local public utilities: an analysis of their evolution and governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Martín Vallespín

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available During the last decade, the number of local public utilities has experienced a significant increase in Europe. The provision of public services by means of this type of companies requires municipalities to establish different forms of control and regulation in order to align economic and social interests. This paper analyses the Spanish system of local public utilities from the point of view of the characteristics of the governance style applied by municipalities to steer and monitor the activities. The results evidence that, among other things, the percentage of equity participation influences on the mechanisms adopted by local authorities to apply external control on public utilities.

  2. 76 FR 52384 - Designation of Additional Entities Pursuant to Executive Order 13405

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-22

    ... Order 13405 (the ``Order'') pursuant to, inter alia, the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50... repression, electoral fraud, and public corruption in Belarus. The Order imposes economic sanctions...

  3. El crimen organizado en Europa: Una grave amenaza para la seguridad y el orden público/The crime organized in Europe: A serious threat to the security and public order

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Rodrigo Luelmo (España

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El crimen organizado es una de las amenazas más graves para la seguridad internacional y de los Estados por la multitud de actividades delictivas que practica, pero también por su mundialización. Su existencia ha preocupado a organizaciones como Naciones Unidas y la Unión Europea, que lo han intentado definir para mejorar la eficacia jurídico-policial en la lucha contra este riesgo. Europa es un espacio muy afectado por el crimen organizado, en forma de mafias (por ejemplo, en Italia y Rusia y narcotraficantes de droga. Se trata, pues, de un fenómeno criminal que pone en riesgo la integridad de los ciudadanos y el respeto al Estado de Derecho en Europa y en el resto del mundo. The organized crime is one of the most important threats for the international and states’ security, because of the enormous variety of punishable activities which practices, but also because of its global spreading. Its existence has worried some organizations such as United Nations and European Union, which have tried to define it in order to improve the judicial and police efficiency in the fight against this threat. Europe is a space very affected by the organized crime, with mafias (e.g., in Italy and Russia and drugs-traffickers. So, this criminal phenomenon risks the citizen’s integrity and the respect for the rule of law in Europe and in the rest of the world.

  4. BUDGET AND PUBLIC DEBT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morar Ioan Dan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of public budgeting is an important issue for public policy of the state, for the simple reason that no money from the state budget can not promote public policy. Budgetary policy is official government Doctrine vision mirror and also represents a starting point for other public policies, which in turn are financed by the public budget. Fiscal policy instruments at its disposal handles the public sector in its structure, and the private sector. Tools such as grant, budgetary allocation, tax, welfare under various forms, direct investments and not least the state aid is used by the state through their budgetary policies to directly and indirectly infuence sector, and the private. Fiscal policies can be grouped according to the structure of the public sector in these components, namely fiscal policy, budgeting and resource allocation policies for financing the budget deficit. An important issue is the financing of the budget deficit budgetary policies. There are two funding possibilities, namely, the higher taxes or more axles site and enter the second call to public loans. Both options involve extra effort from taxpayers in the current fiscal year when they pay higher taxes or a future period when public loans will be repaid. We know that by virtue of "fiscal pact" structural deficits of the member countries of the EU are limited by the European Commission, according to the macro structural stability and budget of each Member State. This problem tempers to some extent the governments of the Member States budgetary appetite, but does not solve the problem of chronic budget deficits. Another issue addressed in this paper is related to the public debt, the absolute amount of its relative level of public datoriri, about the size of GDP, public debt financing and its repayment sources. Sources of public debt issuance and monetary impact on the budget and monetary stability are variables that must underpin the justification of budgetary

  5. 75 FR 61141 - In the Matter of The Coca-Cola Company; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-04

    ... the Matter of The Coca-Cola Company; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid Public... written comments electronically or in paper form. Comments should refer to ``The Coca- Cola Company, File... by using the following weblink: ( https://ftcpublic.commentworks.com/ftc/coca-cola ) and...

  6. A European Humus Forms Reference Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanella, A.; Englisch, M.; Ponge, J.-F.; Jabiol, B.; Sartori, G.; Gardi, C.

    2012-04-01

    From 2003 on, a panel of experts in humus and humus dynamics (Humus group) has been working about a standardisation and improvement of existing national humus classifications. Some important goals have been reached, in order to share data and experiences: a) definition of specific terms; b) description of 15 types of diagnostic horizons; c) of 10 basic humus forms references; d) subdivision of each main reference in 2-4 sub-unities; e) elaboration of a general European Humus Form Reference Base (http://hal-agroparistech.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/56/17/95/PDF/Humus_Forms_ERB_31_01_2011.pdf); f) publication of the scientific significance of this base of classification as an article [A European morpho-functional classification of humus forms. Geoderma, 164 (3-4), 138-145]. The classification will be updated every 2 years and presently the Humus group is assessing biological (general: soil, vegetation, biome; specific: fungi, bacteria, pedofauna), physical (air temperature, rainfall) and chemical (pH, mineral elements, organic matter, quality and quantity of humic components…) factors which characterize basic humus forms and their varieties. The content of the new version of the classification is planned to be more "practical", like an ecological manual which lists associated humus forms and environmental data in the aim to contribute to a more precise environmental diagnosis of every analysed terrestrial and semiterrestrial European ecosystem. The Humus group is also involved in an endeavour to include humus forms in the World Reference Base for Soils (WRB-FAO) according to nomenclatural principles erected for soil profiles. Thirty basic references have been defined, complemented by a set of qualifiers (prefixes and suffixes), allowing to classify European humus forms and probably a large majority of humus forms known worldwide. The principles of the classification, the diagnostic horizons and humus forms main references are presented at the General Assembly of

  7. Popularizing a scientific project: star forming rate in different ages of the Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamorano, J.; Jáuregui, F.; Fernández-Castro, T.; Gallego, J.; Armentia, J.

    In Spain we have to make a big effort in order to produce more activities dedicated to the popularization of Science. In this paper we show the activities we have developped, and others that will be done soon, in order to show to the general public, an example of how science is made. The project Star Forming Rate at Different z's is paid with public founds and included in its objectives, are some actions directed to the popularization of the science made in it. Exhibitions, public talks and planetarium shows are part of these activities presented to the general public in two of the main Science Centers of Spain, the Madrid and Pamplona planetaria.

  8. Form Ever Follows Function --Book Review on Research on Space Planning for Public Libraries%形式追随功能——《公共图书馆面积规划研究》读与思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘璇; 徐飞

    2012-01-01

    认为《公共图书馆面积规划研究》一书是一部体系完备、具有创新性内容的学术著作。它从图书馆业务工作的角度出发,系统地研究公共图书馆面积规划的理论、方法和各种影响要素,开拓了图书馆建筑研究的新领域,并提出适合中国公共图书馆使用的面积规划方法与通则,具有较高的实践应用价值。%The book of Research on Space Planning for Public. Libraries is a systematic and innovative academic monograph. From the view of the library profession, systematically researching on the public library space planning theory, the methods and various influence factors, the book opens a brand new field in the study of library building, and puts forward the suitable methods and rules for the library building in China. It also has the value of practical application.

  9. Order-theoretical connectivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. A. Richmond

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Order-theoretically connected posets are introduced and applied to create the notion of T-connectivity in ordered topological spaces. As special cases T-connectivity contains classical connectivity, order-connectivity, and link-connectivity.

  10. Probe into the Application of Psychological Consultation Skills to Mediation of Public-Order-Related Cases%运用心理咨询技术调解治安案件的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于福洋; 徐振雷; 樊传衡

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, China has made great achievements in economic and social development, which has caught world attention. Subsequently, the disputes involving labor wages, demolition and debts have arisen more frequently. To deal with such cases, pure combat will affect social stability and lead to irrational complaints. However, mediation has gradually become an effective approach that ifrst-line police agencies resort to. Truthfully speaking, successful mediation not only solves disputes but also maintains social stability. In practice, to deal with disputes, which are different from administrative and criminal cases, police offcers have no rules to rely on so they should put themselves in the shoes of the parties concerned, try to prevent the disputes from getting worse and have abilities to win their trust, to communicate, to calm down their emotion and to change their irrational beliefs. Psychological consultation offers a new angle of view and technical approach to police. It is signiifcant to explore the application of psychological consultation to mediation of disorder-order-related cases.%近几年来,中国的经济发展取得了全球瞩目的成绩,社会发展日新月异,随之而来,由劳资、拆迁、债务纠纷引发的打架斗殴和损毁财物的案件明显增多。面对上述案件,单纯采取打击处理的方式解决问题,容易影响社会稳定,造成非正常上访,而治安调解逐渐成为基层公安机关处理化解上述问题的有效手段,可以说成功的调解,既做到了化解矛盾纠纷,又维护了社会稳定。实践中,办理治安调解案件不像办理其他行政、刑事案件那样有章可循,需要民警具备设身处地理解当事人、把控事态发展演化、赢得当事人的信任的能力,特别是需要具有较强的沟通能力、稳定和调解情绪的能力、改变当事人非理性信念的能力。心理咨询为民警提供了一种新的视角和技术

  11. Densified waste form and method for forming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garino, Terry J.; Nenoff, Tina M.; Sava Gallis, Dorina Florentina

    2015-08-25

    Materials and methods of making densified waste forms for temperature sensitive waste material, such as nuclear waste, formed with low temperature processing using metallic powder that forms the matrix that encapsulates the temperature sensitive waste material. The densified waste form includes a temperature sensitive waste material in a physically densified matrix, the matrix is a compacted metallic powder. The method for forming the densified waste form includes mixing a metallic powder and a temperature sensitive waste material to form a waste form precursor. The waste form precursor is compacted with sufficient pressure to densify the waste precursor and encapsulate the temperature sensitive waste material in a physically densified matrix.

  12. Order without design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurakin Alexei

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Experimental reality in molecular and cell biology, as revealed by advanced research technologies and methods, is manifestly inconsistent with the design perspective on the cell, thus creating an apparent paradox: where do order and reproducibility in living systems come from if not from design? I suggest that the very idea of biological design (whether evolutionary or intelligent is a misconception rooted in the time-honored and thus understandably precious error of interpreting living systems/organizations in terms of classical mechanics and equilibrium thermodynamics. This error, introduced by the founders and perpetuated due to institutionalization of science, is responsible for the majority of inconsistencies, contradictions, and absurdities plaguing modern sciences, including one of the most startling paradoxes - although almost everyone agrees that any living organization is an open nonequilibrium system of continuous energy/matter flow, almost everyone interprets and models living systems/organizations in terms of classical mechanics, equilibrium thermodynamics, and engineering, i.e., in terms and concepts that are fundamentally incompatible with the physics of life. The reinterpretation of biomolecules, cells, organisms, ecosystems, and societies in terms of open nonequilibrium organizations of energy/matter flow suggests that, in the domain of life, order and reproducibility do not come from design. Instead, they are natural and inevitable outcomes of self-organizing activities of evolutionary successful, and thus persistent, organizations co-evolving on multiple spatiotemporal scales as biomolecules, cells, organisms, ecosystems, and societies. The process of self-organization on all scales is driven by economic competition, obeys empirical laws of nonequilibrium thermodynamics, and is facilitated and, thus, accelerated by memories of living experience persisting in the form of evolutionary successful living organizations and

  13. Tying Signals: Restoring Classroom Order after Transitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Icbay, Mehmet Ali

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed at publicly demonstrating how classroom order is mutually established by a teacher and students in transition periods. Transitions take place in each instance when a current activity finishes, simultaneously the contextual organisation of the activity changes, and then the previously established order is lost. As a result, the…

  14. Regulating public space on the beachfronts of Rio de Janeiro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godfrey, Brian J; Arguinzoni, Olivia M

    2012-01-01

    Despite the fortification of buildings, streets, and public squares, Rio de Janeiro's beaches remain widely regarded as democratic spaces of social diversity and accessibility. Our study revisits the question of Rio's “democratic” beachfronts, based on local interviews, field observations, official reports, and newspaper accounts. We focus on historical and contemporary perceptions of planning, privatization, and public-order programs on the city's southern seaside. Institutional discourses have justified increasing regulation to combat threats of disorder and insecurity. While residents value the relative openness of beachfronts, they also acknowledge issues of safety, social segmentation, and subtle forms of bias. The public generally applauds recent “Shock of Order” policing and commercial revitalization, although critics lament the loss of traditional freedoms for informal beach vendors and casual sports. These paradoxes highlight enduring tensions between social order and hierarchy on one hand, and democratic rights and equality on the other.

  15. Public Reason Renaturalized

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønder, Lars

    2014-01-01

    This article takes up recent discussions of nature and the sensorium in order to rethink public reason in deeply divided societies. The aim is not to reject the role of reason-giving but rather to infuse it with new meaning, bringing the reasonable back to its sensorially inflected circumstances....

  16. Existing Problems and Countermeasures of the Current Public Order Management Model to Public Rental Housing Communities-- From the Perspective of “Minxin Garden” in Chongqing City%当前公租房治安管理模式存在的问题及对策--以重庆“民心佳园”公租房小区为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖于; 康波

    2013-01-01

    With the overall development of public rental housing projects, how to manage public rental housing communities well has become one of the current social problems. There are some new characteristics having emerged in the aspects of subjects, objects and methods of management. Therefore, it is very important to straighten out the management system, clarify responsibilities, sound grassroots organizations, establish complete rules and regulations, perfect measures of technical defense, improve property management levels, extend antennae of public security information collection, develop diversified services, coordinate and integrate all sectors of society, construct multi-level and all-around community security resource networks.%  随着公租房建设的全面铺开,如何管理好公租房小区是当前面临的社会难题。公租房小区的管理主体、管理对象、管理手段方面都呈现出新的特点。要理顺管理体制,明确责任,健全基层组织;建立完备的公租房规章制度,完善技防措施,提高物管水平;延伸公安信息采集的触角,开展多元化服务;协调整合社会各界力量,建立多层次、全方位的社区安全资源网络。

  17. Job Orders (Ordres de mission)

    CERN Multimedia

    FI Department

    2005-01-01

    Please note that individual job orders and continuous job orders (valid for one calendar year, i.e. from 1st January to 31st December) must henceforth be completed via EDH and approved by the Department Leader concerned (or the person appointed by him via EDHAdmin). Once approved, the form must be printed and kept for the duration of the mission by the driver to whom the job order is issued. You will find the icon for this document on the EDH Desktop, as well as on-line help on how to use it. In emergencies, paper copies of individual job orders (SCEM 54.50.20.168.5) may be issued outside normal working hours by the Fire Brigade (Meyrin Site, Building 65). Organisation & Procedures, FI Department, Tel. 73905 Relations with the Host States Service, Tel. 72848

  18. Public knowledge and public trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham-Burley, Sarah

    2006-01-01

    As health care applications derived from human genetics research are likely to move increasingly from 'clinic to community', there is growing interest not just in how patients understand and take up health-related genetic information but also in the views of the wider population, as well as a range of professional groups. In this paper, issues relating public knowledge and public trust are raised and discussed in an attempt to move forward debates about public involvement in genomic research and the role of sociologists within interdisciplinary teams. As the field of public understanding of science has developed, we have seen a shift from a focus on the lack of scientific literacy as problem to a recognition of the range of different knowledges that people have and use as they confront science and technology in their everyday lives. As a mood for dialogue pervades many institutions in their relations with 'publics', attention must now be paid to the way in which knowledge and expertise is expressed, heard and acted upon in dialogic encounters. There is increasing concern about public trust in science and calls to increase public confidence, particularly through more open engagement with a range of publics. However, lack of trust or loss of confidence may be constructed as problems rather than reflecting empirical reality, where more complex relationships and attitudes prevail. Lack of trust is often privatized, deeply rooted in lived experience and routinely managed. Trust relations are generally characterized by ambivalence, uncertainty and risk, and are always provisional. Drawing on selected literature and empirical research to review and illustrate this field, this paper argues that scepticism or ambivalence on the part of publics are not necessarily problems to be overcome in the interest of scientific progress, but rather should be mobilized to enhance open and public debates about the nature and direction of genomics research, medicine, and the related

  19. Order Theoretical Semantic Recommendation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joslyn, Cliff A.; Hogan, Emilie A.; Paulson, Patrick R.; Peterson, Elena S.; Stephan, Eric G.; Thomas, Dennis G.

    2013-07-23

    Mathematical concepts of order and ordering relations play multiple roles in semantic technologies. Discrete totally ordered data characterize both input streams and top-k rank-ordered recommendations and query output, while temporal attributes establish numerical total orders, either over time points or in the more complex case of startend temporal intervals. But also of note are the fully partially ordered data, including both lattices and non-lattices, which actually dominate the semantic strcuture of ontological systems. Scalar semantic similarities over partially-ordered semantic data are traditionally used to return rank-ordered recommendations, but these require complementation with true metrics available over partially ordered sets. In this paper we report on our work in the foundations of partial order measurement in ontologies, with application to top-k semantic recommendation in workflows.

  20. New surveillance technologies and their publics: A case of biometrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Aaron K; Donovan, Kevin P

    2015-10-01

    Before a newly-elected government abandoned the project in 2010, for at least eight years the British state actively sought to introduce a mandatory national identification scheme for which the science and technology of biometrics was central. Throughout the effort, government representatives attempted to portray biometrics as a technology that was easily understandable and readily accepted by the public. However, neither task was straightforward. Instead, particular publics emerged that showed biometric technology was rarely well understood and often disagreeable. In contrast to some traditional conceptualizations of the relationship between public understanding and science, it was often those entities that best understood the technology that found it least acceptable, rather than those populations that lacked knowledge. This paper analyzes the discourses that pervaded the case in order to untangle how various publics are formed and exhibit differing, conflicting understandings of a novel technology.

  1. 5 CFR 1320.14 - Public access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public access. 1320.14 Section 1320.14 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET OMB DIRECTIVES CONTROLLING PAPERWORK BURDENS ON THE PUBLIC § 1320.14 Public access. (a) In order to enable the public to participate in and provide...

  2. Bibliometric analysis of publications on Campylobacter: (2000–2015)

    OpenAIRE

    Sweileh, Waleed M.; Al-Jabi, Samah W.; Sawalha, Ansam F; AbuTaha, Adham S; Zyoud, Sa’ed H.

    2016-01-01

    Background Campylobacter species are widespread zoonotic pathogens. Campylobacter jejuni causes a form of gastroenteritis called campylobacteriosis. Campylobacter drug resistance is considered a serious threat. In order to better understand national and international research output on Campylobacter, we conducted this bibliometric overview of publications on Campylobacter. This study can be used to assess extent of interaction and response of researchers, food regulators, and health policy ma...

  3. Public opinion on public services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evelien Eggink; Debbie Verbeek-Oudijk; Evert Pommer

    2013-01-01

    Original titel: Burgers over de kwaliteit van publieke diensten Most citizens come into contact with public services, for example as a patient, as a student or pupil, as a passenger on public transport or as a museum visitor. More and more importance is being attached to the quality of those service

  4. Big Social Data in Public Health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kjeld S.; Mukkamala, Raghava Rao; Hussain, Abid

    2016-01-01

    We introduce the notion of “Socially Shared Health Information” (SSHI) referring to the phenomena of users and health organizations explicitly sharing health related information on social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. In order to investigate the phenomena of SSHI, in this paper, we...... present a multi-method case study of the organizational strategies for and user engagement with the Facebook page of the official portal for the public Danish Healthcare Services (Sundheds.dk). We analysed qualitative data in the form of a semi-structured interview with the social media editor of Sundhed.......dk and netnographic observations, and quantitative data from the full historic fetch of the official Facebook wall. Our results show a good alignment between the organizational and social media strategies of the public Danish Healthcare Services but point out the lack of domain-specific metrics to measure its...

  5. Minimal Orderings Revisited

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peyton, B.W.

    1999-07-01

    When minimum orderings proved too difficult to deal with, Rose, Tarjan, and Leuker instead studied minimal orderings and how to compute them (Algorithmic aspects of vertex elimination on graphs, SIAM J. Comput., 5:266-283, 1976). This paper introduces an algorithm that is capable of computing much better minimal orderings much more efficiently than the algorithm in Rose et al. The new insight is a way to use certain structures and concepts from modern sparse Cholesky solvers to re-express one of the basic results in Rose et al. The new algorithm begins with any initial ordering and then refines it until a minimal ordering is obtained. it is simple to obtain high-quality low-cost minimal orderings by using fill-reducing heuristic orderings as initial orderings for the algorithm. We examine several such initial orderings in some detail.

  6. Public Sociology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    What is the role of sociology in society? How can - and should - sociology contribute with insights relevant and useful to the outside world? Is sociology attuned to accommodate the demands of the wider public and of surrounding society? Who benefits from the knowledge produced and provided...... by sociology? What are the social implications and cultural effects of the knowledge sociology provides and creates? All of these questions, and many others, concern and centre on sociology's relationship to the surrounding society, in short to the ‘public'. All of these questions - and many others...... irrelevance and introversion and the Charybdis of public relevancy and extroversion. But what does it mean to be a ‘public sociologist' in contemporary society and are there really any other ways of doing sociology? What are the requirements of sociologists in a social world increasingly informed and shaped...

  7. Miscellaneous Publications

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Late 19th century Weather Bureau publications and Congressional reports pertaining to weather. Set of Weather Bureau Snowfall Bulletins for Rocky Mountain states...

  8. Public Airports

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set is a vector point digital data structure that contains the locations of General Public Use Airports in the State of New Mexico. It only contains those...

  9. Ordered Cauchy spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. C. Kent

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is concerned with the notion of “ordered Cauchy space” which is given a simple internal characterization in Section 2. It gives a discription of the category of ordered Cauchy spaces which have ordered completions, and a construction of the “fine completion functor” on this category. Sections 4 through 6 deals with certain classes of ordered Cauchy spaces which have ordered completions; examples are given which show that the fine completion does not preserve such properties as uniformizability, regularity, or total boundedness. From these results, it is evident that a further study of ordered Cauchy completions is needed.

  10. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2017-01-01

    Do you have questions about the elections to the Staff Council, 2017 MERIT exercise, EVE and School, LD to IC exercise, CHIS, the Pension Fund… Come get informed and ask your questions at our public meetings. These public meetings are also an opportunity to get the more information on current issues. Benefit from this occasion to get the latest news and to discuss with the representatives of the statutory body that is the Staff Association!

  11. Maintaining Legitimacy: Controversies, Orders of Worth and Public Justifications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Patriotta, G.; Gond, J.-P.; Schultz, F.

    2011-01-01

    We build on Boltanski and Thévenot's theory of justification to account for the ways in which different stakeholder groups actively engage with discourses and objects to maintain the legitimacy of institutions that are relevant to their activity. We use this framework to analyse a controversy emergi

  12. Reduct and Attribute Order

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Su-Qing Han; Jue Wang

    2004-01-01

    Based on the principle of discernibility matrix,a kind of reduction algorithm with attribute order has been developed and its solution has been proved to be complete for reduct and unique for a given attribute order.Being called the reduct problem,this algorithm can be regarded as a mapping R = Reduct(S)from the attribute order space θ to the reduct space R for an information system ,where U is the universe and C and D are two sets of condition and decision attributes respectively.This paper focuses on the reverse problem of reduct problem S = Order(R),i.e.,for a given reduct R of an information system,we determine the solution of S = Order(R)in the space θ.First,we need to prove that there is at least one attribute order S such that S = Order(R).Then,some decision rules are proposed,which can be used directly to decide whether the pair of attribute orders has the same reduct.The main method is based on the fact that an attribute order can be transformed into another one by moving the attribute for limited times.Thus,the decision of the pair of attribute orders can be altered to the decision of the sequence of neighboring pairs of attribute orders.Therefore,the basic theorem of neighboring pair of attribute orders is first proved,then,the decision theorem of attribute order is proved accordingly by the second attribute.

  13. Order statistics & inference estimation methods

    CERN Document Server

    Balakrishnan, N

    1991-01-01

    The literature on order statistics and inferenc eis quite extensive and covers a large number of fields ,but most of it is dispersed throughout numerous publications. This volume is the consolidtion of the most important results and places an emphasis on estimation. Both theoretical and computational procedures are presented to meet the needs of researchers, professionals, and students. The methods of estimation discussed are well-illustrated with numerous practical examples from both the physical and life sciences, including sociology,psychology,a nd electrical and chemical engineering. A co

  14. Disaster Managers’ Perception of Effective Visual Risk Communication for General Public

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Charriere, M.K.M.; Bogaard, T.A.; Mostert, E.

    2012-01-01

    Risk communication is one of the measures that should be implemented to increase the awareness and preparedness of the general public in order to attain disaster risk reduction. Among the various forms that can be used in communication campaigns, visualizations are appropriate to disseminate

  15. Disaster Managers’ Perception of Effective Visual Risk Communication for General Public

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Charriere, M.K.M.; Bogaard, T.A.; Mostert, E.

    2012-01-01

    Risk communication is one of the measures that should be implemented to increase the awareness and preparedness of the general public in order to attain disaster risk reduction. Among the various forms that can be used in communication campaigns, visualizations are appropriate to disseminate informa

  16. Beyond and within public engagement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cañada, Jose A.; Tupasela, Aaro Mikael; Snell, Karoliina

    2015-01-01

    Social studies on biobanking have traditionally focused on public engagement, that is, engagement with donors, patients and the general public as an important factor of sustainability. In this article, we claim that, in order to fully understand the way biobanks work, it is necessary to pay atten...

  17. In Search of Public Value

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Dorthe

    that allows the governance structure to become tense and unresolved. The author suggest that public leadership should be considered as a hybrid practice formed around an ongoing search of of 'publics' and 'images of wholeness' by way of oscillating between varying values and identities. This again calls...

  18. Political Parody and Public Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hariman, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Parody and related forms of political humor are essential resources for sustaining democratic public culture. They do so by exposing the limits of public speech, transforming discursive demands into virtual images, setting those images before a carnivalesque audience, and celebrating social leveling while decentering all discourses within the…

  19. Public Relations for Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinke, Gary L.; Steinke, Roberta J.

    This paper offers suggestions to help special educators and administrators effectively and thoroughly tell people about their school's programs and events dealing with special education. General suggestions include appointing a public relations coordinator, having school personnel complete a Public Relations Help Request Form when publicizing…

  20. Political Parody and Public Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hariman, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Parody and related forms of political humor are essential resources for sustaining democratic public culture. They do so by exposing the limits of public speech, transforming discursive demands into virtual images, setting those images before a carnivalesque audience, and celebrating social leveling while decentering all discourses within the…

  1. First-order inflation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kolb, E.W. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA) Chicago Univ., IL (USA). Enrico Fermi Inst.)

    1990-09-01

    In the original proposal, inflation occurred in the process of a strongly first-order phase transition. This model was soon demonstrated to be fatally flawed. Subsequent models for inflation involved phase transitions that were second-order, or perhaps weakly first-order; some even involved no phase transition at all. Recently the possibility of inflation during a strongly first-order phase transition has been revived. In this talk I will discuss some models for first-order inflation, and emphasize unique signatures that result in inflation is realized in a first-order transition. Before discussing first-order inflation, I will briefly review some of the history of inflation to demonstrate how first-order inflation differs from other models. 58 refs., 3 figs.

  2. 7 CFR 1280.625 - Certification and referendum form ballot form.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification and referendum form ballot form. 1280... LAMB PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Procedures To Request a Referendum Definitions § 1280.625 Certification and referendum form ballot form. Form LS-86 shall be used to vote in the referendum...

  3. 42 CFR 50.205 - Consent form requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Consent form requirements. 50.205 Section 50.205 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Sterilization of Persons in Federally Assisted Family Planning Projects § 50.205 Consent form...

  4. The emerging international constitutional order: the implications of hierarchy in international law for the coherence and legitimacy of international decision-making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E de Wet

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the contours and implications of the emerging international constitutional order. The "constitutional" nature of this order relates to the fact that it contains certain fundamental substantive and structural norms that form a supreme legal framework for the exercise of public power. The substantive elements primarily include the value system of the international legal order, meaning norms of positive law with a strong ethical underpinning (notably human rights norms that have acquired a special hierarchical standing vis-à-vis other international norms through state practice. The structural elements refer to the subjects of the international legal order that collectively constitute the international community (polity, as well as the mechanisms for enforcement of the international value system. This vision of an international constitutional model is inspired by the intensification in the shift of public decision-making away from the nation state towards international actors of a regional (for example EU or functional (for example WTO, UN nature, and its eroding impact on the notion of a “total” constitutional order, where the fundamental substantive and structural norms that form the supreme legal framework for the exercise of public power are concentrated in the nation state. It is also inspired by the belief that such a supreme legal framework is only possible in a system where different national, regional and functional legal orders complement each other in order to form an international constitutional order.

  5. Nationwide study of publication misrepresentation in applicants to residency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sater, Lara; Schwartz, Joseph S; Coupland, Sarah; Young, Meredith; Nguyen, Lily H P

    2015-06-01

    This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of research publication misrepresentation amongst Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS) applicants to a single surgical subspecialty residency as a potential means of assessing professional behaviour. The authors reviewed CaRMS application forms to Canadian otolaryngology residency programmes over a 3-year period (2006-2008) for peer-reviewed publications reported as 'published', 'accepted' and 'in press'. Citations were verified by searching PubMed, Google Scholar and electronic journals. Misrepresentation was defined as any of: (i) falsely claimed authorship of an existing article; (ii) claimed authorship of a non-existing article, and (iii) improper ordering of authorship. Outcomes included descriptive statistics, as well as sub-analyses pertaining to age, gender, affiliated medical school and academic degree, and number of publications per applicant. A total of 427 peer-reviewed publications were reported by 124 of 182 applicants (68% of applicants reported at least one publication). Of the 385 verifiable publications, 47 (12% of articles) were misrepresented by 29 applicants (23% of applicants claiming publication) self-reporting at least one publication. Age, gender, location of medical training, prior academic degree and number of citations per applicant did not relate to likelihood of misrepresentation (p > 0.05). This study documents the nationwide prevalence of publication misrepresentation amongst applicants to Canadian otolaryngology residency programmes. The high rate of misrepresentation aligns with data reported in the literature and highlights the need to institute measures to dissuade graduates from this form of unprofessional behaviour. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Going public

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Gitte; Sandøe, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The paper addresses issues of scientific conduct regarding relations between science and the media, relations between scientists and journalists, and attitudes towards the public at large. In the large and increasing body of literature on scientific conduct and misconduct, these issues seem...... deal with ethical public relations issues, guided by a norm or maxim of openness. Drawing on and rethinking the CUDOS codification of the scientific ethos, as it was worked out by Robert K. Merton in 1942, we propose that this, which is echoed in current codifications of norms for good scientific...... conduct, contains a tacit maxim of openness which may naturally be extended to cover the public relations of science. Discussing openness as access, accountability, transparency and receptiveness, the argumentation concentrates on the possible prevention of misconduct with respect to, on the one hand...

  7. Going public

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Gitte; Sandøe, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The paper addresses issues of scientific conduct regarding relations between science and the media, relations between scientists and journalists, and attitudes towards the public at large. In the large and increasing body of literature on scientific conduct and misconduct, these issues seem...... deal with ethical public relations issues, guided by a norm or maxim of openness. Drawing on and rethinking the CUDOS codification of the scientific ethos, as it was worked out by Robert K. Merton in 1942, we propose that this, which is echoed in current codifications of norms for good scientific...... conduct, contains a tacit maxim of openness which may naturally be extended to cover the public relations of science. Discussing openness as access, accountability, transparency and receptiveness, the argumentation concentrates on the possible prevention of misconduct with respect to, on the one hand...

  8. Public Sphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trenz, Hans-Jörg

    2015-01-01

    of the collective will of the people in the act of democratic self-government. The concept of the public sphere is used across the fields of media and communication research, cultural studies and the humanities, the history of ideas, legal and constitutional studies as well as democracy studies. Historically......In modern societies, the public sphere represents the intermediary realm that supports the communication of opinions, the discovery of problems that need to be dealt with collectively, the channeling of these problems through the filter of the media and political institutions, and the realization......, public spheres have undergone structural transformations that were closely connected to the emergence of different mass media. More recently, they are subject to trends of transnationalization and digitalization in politics and society....

  9. Public Sphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trenz, Hans-Jörg

    2015-01-01

    In modern societies, the public sphere represents the intermediary realm that supports the communication of opinions, the discovery of problems that need to be dealt with collectively, the channeling of these problems through the filter of the media and political institutions, and the realization......, public spheres have undergone structural transformations that were closely connected to the emergence of different mass media. More recently, they are subject to trends of transnationalization and digitalization in politics and society....... of the collective will of the people in the act of democratic self-government. The concept of the public sphere is used across the fields of media and communication research, cultural studies and the humanities, the history of ideas, legal and constitutional studies as well as democracy studies. Historically...

  10. public spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Grigoryeva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this issue is PUBLIC SPACES. It is familiar and clear to every citizen. The streets and courtyards as childhood experiences remain with us forever. And these are the places where we come with our parents at weekends, where we meet friends, where we have dates and where we already come for a walk with our children.The history of public spaces is long and captivating. It was the main city squares where the most important events took place in history. The Agoras of Ancient Greece and the Roman Forums, the squares of Vatican, Paris and London, Moscow and Saint Petersburg… Greve, Trafalgar, Senate, Palace, Red, Bolotnaya – behind every name there is life of capitals, countries and nations.Public spaces, their shapes, image and development greatly influence the perception of the city as a whole. Both visitors and inhabitants can see in public spaces not only the visage but the heart, the soul and the mind of the city.Unfortunately, sometimes we have to prove the value of public spaces and defend them from those who consider them nothing but a blank space, nobody’s land destined for barbarous development.What should happen to make citizens perceive public spaces as their own and to make authorities consider development and maintenance of squares and parks their priority task against the  background of increasing competition between cities and the fight for human capital? Lately they more often say about “a high-quality human capital”. And now, when they say “the city should be liveable” they add “for all groups of citizens, including the creative class”.

  11. Process view on Law of Public Procurement

    OpenAIRE

    Liška, Ondřej

    2016-01-01

    This study contains groups of tasks for public procurement contracts in reference model Management Business Informatics (MBI). The tasks are sorted in chronological order in regard of procedure of public procurement contracts. The tasks contain new law on public procurement contracts, elaborated in the procedural point of view, and are complemented with a best practice. Process view in the reference model is intended for public procurers. It enables for the public procurer that he can have be...

  12. The forms of prophecy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rayco González

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The prophecy is a kind of text holding therefore its own textual marks, differing from other kinds of texts. In order to do a discursive analysis of it, we must bring a semiotic study of its own possible forms. It includes its intertextual connections, as well as the use of typical tropos and topoi. Our aim is to describe the features of a kind of text that seems to appear in every well-known culture. Our analysis is limited to religious prophecies, showing mainly several examples from Judeo-Christian tradition, but also from other cultures, according to our line of argument. Amongst its features we find the use of allusion, forcing to any addressee to expand all possible interpretations. Likewise the prophecy seems to fulfill the double function of threat/promise, depending on each addressee.

  13. Careers (A Course of Study). Unit V: Forms, Forms, Forms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turley, Kay

    Designed to enable special needs students to understand and complete various job-related forms, this set of activities devoted to forms encountered before and after one obtains a job is the fifth in a nine-unit secondary level careers course intended to provide handicapped students with the knowledge and tools necessary to succeed in the world of…

  14. Research Quality, Fairness, and Authorship Order

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ackerman, Margareta; Branzei, Simina

    2012-01-01

    The order in which authors are listed on an academic paper determines the credit that each receives on a co-authored publication, influencing hiring, tenure and promotions. Two of the prevalent author ordering schemes are alphabetical, which involves listing authors in lexicographical order...... overcome some of the limitations of contribution-based ordering by performing rotations, alternating who is the first author on joint papers. This often allows authors to achieve optimal research quality and perfect fairness under any given contribution scheme; however, this is obtained at the expense...

  15. Reliability and validity of the medical outcomes study, a 36-item short-form health survey, (MOS SF-36 after one-year hospital discharge of hip fracture patient in a public hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anan Udombhornprabha

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: There is scarce of data in terms of health-related quality of life for hip fracture patients in Thailand due to the following: (i lack of epidemiological aspects of hip fracture (eg. the relative incidence of osteoporosis, falls fractures and repeat fractures in particular subgroups, (ii lack of health status and quality of life aspects of both illness itself and the availability of different treatment options especially for elderly people. (iii a substantial variation in terms of outcomes of care for patients and service for hip fractures. Objective: Hip fracture is a major healthcare burden in Thailand. This study explores quality of life for hip fracture patients from perspective of (i Reliability of patient-reported outcomes (ii Some clinical and demographic characteristics related to patient-reported outcomes Method: Pre-hospital discharge 201 hip fracture patients were screened and follow-up over one year. Mail survey by a self-rated Medical Outcomes Study, a 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (Thai dispatched for follow-up, other clinical and demographic characteristics were collected through direct interviews from patients or caregivers during recruitment with simultaneous crosschecking from medical records. A descriptive cross-sectional analysis was performed.Result: Mails responder represented by 59.2% (N=119, with 36.1% (N=43 and 63.8% (N=76 for patient and caregiver rated outcomes. Mean(SD, [95% CI] score for physical, mental and global health of patient and care-giver rated outcomes of 36.2(10.6[32.9-39.4], 54.5(10.0[51.4-57.5],43.9(9.3[41.0-46.7], and 34.6(12.3[31.7-37.4], 52.5(12.3[49.6-55.3],42.7(11.1[40.1-45.2] were not statistically difference with p-value at 0.630,0.330 and 0.788 respectively. Respecting Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient by patients versus caregivers rated of the MOS SF-36 were 0.90 vs 0.91, 0.78 vs 0.84 and 0.90 vs 0.92. The presence of comorbidity significantly explains differences for

  16. Fractional-order devices

    CERN Document Server

    Biswas, Karabi; Caponetto, Riccardo; Mendes Lopes, António; Tenreiro Machado, José António

    2017-01-01

    This book focuses on two specific areas related to fractional order systems – the realization of physical devices characterized by non-integer order impedance, usually called fractional-order elements (FOEs); and the characterization of vegetable tissues via electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) – and provides readers with new tools for designing new types of integrated circuits. The majority of the book addresses FOEs. The interest in these topics is related to the need to produce “analogue” electronic devices characterized by non-integer order impedance, and to the characterization of natural phenomena, which are systems with memory or aftereffects and for which the fractional-order calculus tool is the ideal choice for analysis. FOEs represent the building blocks for designing and realizing analogue integrated electronic circuits, which the authors believe hold the potential for a wealth of mass-market applications. The freedom to choose either an integer- or non-integer-order analogue integrator...

  17. Adding linear orders

    CERN Document Server

    Shelah, Saharon

    2011-01-01

    We address the following question: Can we expand an NIP theory by adding a linear order such that the expansion is still NIP? Easily, if acl(A)=A for all A, then this is true. Otherwise, we give counterexamples. More precisely, there is a totally categorical theory for which every expansion by a linear order has IP. There is also an \\omega-stable NDOP theory for which every expansion by a linear order interprets bounded arithmetic.

  18. Public health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, van den A.E.

    2007-01-01

    Agnes van den Berg wrote an essay about human health and nature, establishing that subject as an important policy argument in developing (urban) nature in the Netherlands. She studied the public balance of fear and fascination for nature, summarising benefits on human health. In this chapter, she ad

  19. Public Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snow, C. P.

    In this book effects of technological developments on world conditions are discussed on the basis of the author's public statements made between 1959-70. A total of seven pieces is presented under the headings: The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution, The Two Cultures: A Second Look, The Case of Leavis and the Serious Case, Science and…

  20. Public health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, van den A.E.

    2007-01-01

    Agnes van den Berg wrote an essay about human health and nature, establishing that subject as an important policy argument in developing (urban) nature in the Netherlands. She studied the public balance of fear and fascination for nature, summarising benefits on human health. In this chapter, she

  1. Publication Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Roy Paul

    This book is designed to solve the problem of coordinating art and typography with content in publications. Through text and illustrations, this book suggests ways to make pages and spreads in magazines, newspapers, and books attractive and readable. As a book of techniques, it is directed at potential and practicing art directors, designers, and…

  2. Publication Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Roy Paul

    This book is designed to solve the problem of coordinating art and typography with content in publications. Through text and illustrations, this book suggests ways to make pages and spreads in magazines, newspapers, and books attractive and readable. As a book of techniques, it is directed at potential and practicing art directors, designers, and…

  3. Economic issues and public alcohol abuse prevention policies in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spach, Miléna

    2016-10-19

    Objective: To analyse the impact of the alcohol market on the implementation of strong-willed public alcohol abuse prevention policies based on a critical review of the literature. Method: Documentary research and analysis of the alcohol market economic data were performed. An overview of public alcohol abuse prevention policies was conducted from a historical perspective by distinguishing drunkenness control policies, protection of vulnerable populations, and the fight against drink driving and drinking in the workplace. Results: Public alcohol abuse prevention policies are primarily designed to reduce the harmful consequences of alcohol occurring as a result of a drinking episode (motor vehicle accident, highway accidents, etc.), while neglecting the long-term consequences (cancer, cirrhosis, etc.). Moreover, while taxation is one of the major public health tools used to reduce the costs of alcohol-related damage on society, the State exercises legislative and tax protection for alcoholic beverages produced in France. In particular, wine benefits from a lower tax rate than other stronger forms of alcohol (spirits, liquors, etc.). The economic weight of the alcohol market can provide an explanation for these public alcohol abuse prevention policies. Conclusion: In view of the mortality caused by alcohol abuse, France must implement a proactive public policy. An alcohol taxation policy based on the alcohol content, a minimum unit pricing for alcohol, or higher taxes on alcohol are public policies that could be considered in order to reduce alcohol-related mortality.

  4. Order in Chaos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Bertel Teilfeldt; Olsen, Asmus Leth

    2014-01-01

    Ballot order effects are well documented in established democracies, but less so in fragile post-conflict settings. We test for the presence of ballot order effects in the 2010 parliamentary election in Afghanistan. Turning out for the 2010 election was a potentially life-threatening endeavor...... for the Afghan voter. The election provides a first look at ballot order effects in a high stakes, post-conflict setting. In this setting limited cognitive skills and information are more likely explanations of potential ballot order effects than mechanisms of lacking of effort or ambivalence of choice...

  5. Order, Disorder and Confinement

    CERN Document Server

    D'Elia, M; Pica, C

    2006-01-01

    Studying the order of the chiral transition for $N_f=2$ is of fundamental importance to understand the mechanism of color confinement. We present results of a numerical investigation on the order of the transition by use of a novel strategy in finite size scaling analysis. The specific heat and a number of susceptibilities are compared with the possible critical behaviours. A second order transition in the O(4) and O(2) universality classes are excluded. Substantial evidence emerges for a first order transition. Results are in agreement with those found by studying the scaling properties of a disorder parameter related to the dual superconductivity mechanism of color confinement.

  6. Citizen Journalism & Public Interfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Martin; Strøbech, Kristian; Bang, Jørgen

    2011-01-01

    of views or plain information dissemination. Form the media institution’s point of view the goal was to create a platform for hyper local journalism as a source for journalistic coverage in commercial media. The group investigating civic communication within the Digital Urban Living project...... as digital providers of their own activities. In the paper we present our findings and reflect them in relation to the design of the web-portal and the profile of the users. Finally we discuss the further perspectives of this form of user/citizens involvement in public communication....

  7. Doctoral Writing for Publication at a Leading African University: Publication Patterns and Pedagogies

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Merwe, Mathilde

    2015-01-01

    Writing-for-publication is a practice that doctoral students should acquire for integration into international research culture. Publication rates and forms of pedagogy supporting the development of publication skills for doctoral students, however, remain inadequate worldwide. Limited data of doctoral student publication from African universities…

  8. Introduction: Going Public

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Ashton

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The period in which the public history movement has developed has been one of considerable change. This has been a result of the passing of post-war generations, the effects wrought by continuing internal and external conflicts, the globalisation of economies, the emergence of new media forms and the major impact of the digital revolution. This has seen significant shifts in the transmission, reception and practice of history.

  9. Directory of Energy Data Collection Forms: Forms in use as of October 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-12-28

    This is the seventeenth edition of the Directory of Energy Data Collection forms, an authoritative listing of selected public use forms currently used as basic energy information gathering tools by the Department of Energy (DOE). Originally entitled EIA Data Collection forms, this directory provides an overview of DOE`s energy information collection programs for decisionmakers in Government and industry.

  10. On good ETOL forms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skyum, Sven

    1978-01-01

    This paper continues the study of ETOL forms and good EOL forms done by Maurer, Salomaa and Wood. It is proven that binary very complete ETOL forms exist, good synchronized ETOL forms exist and that no propagating or synchronized ETOL form can be very complete.......This paper continues the study of ETOL forms and good EOL forms done by Maurer, Salomaa and Wood. It is proven that binary very complete ETOL forms exist, good synchronized ETOL forms exist and that no propagating or synchronized ETOL form can be very complete....

  11. Public Claims: A Legal Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamer Budak

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In order for a claim to exist, the host there has to be two parties. In case of public claims one of the parties is the state, special provincial administration and municipalities; while the debtor consists of the natural and legal persons. The definition of public claims is provided by The Procedure Law of Collection of Public Claims. One claims, the quality of the public claims not cause any, may be excluded from the scope of Law No. 6183. All the claims of public administration are not public claims. However, any private claim can have the security of a public claim. For this reason the criteria used to define a public claim differ. Arrangements, which can render a public claim a privileged claim, exist in the relevant Code. The aim of this study is to define the concept of public claim expressed in the relevant code and to determine the conditions under which a claim not stated in the Code can be considered a public claim in the light of court decisions.

  12. Authorship: "Law" and order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaeta, T J

    1999-04-01

    Publication is a marker of academic success. In academia, appointments and promotions are in many cases strongly linked to the candidate's bibliography. The "publish or perish" mindset has placed extraordinary pressures on scientists and academic physicians alike. Authorship controversies have received considerable attention in the medical literature. Although guidelines are available to help determine how attribution should be acknowledged, anecdotal experiences with disputes associated with authorship continue to exist. This paper addresses several key problems facing authorship. A discussion of who should be given authorship, the responsibilities of an author, and a method for assigning authorship in a multiauthored publication is provided.

  13. From Randomness to Order

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Berger

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available I review some selected situations in which order builds up from randomness, or a losing trend turns into winning. Except for Section 4 (which is mine, all cases are well documented and the price paid to achieve order is apparent.

  14. Order of blood draw

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cornes, Michael; van Dongen-Lases, Edmée; Grankvist, Kjell

    2017-01-01

    does occur if order of draw is not followed during blood collection and when performing venipuncture under less than ideal circumstances, thus putting patient safety at risk. Moreover, given that order of draw is not difficult to follow and knowing that ideal phlebotomy conditions and protocols...

  15. Narcissism and birth order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eyring, W E; Sobelman, S

    1996-04-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to clarify the relationship between birth-order position and the development of narcissism, while refining research and theory. The relationship between birth-order status and narcissism was examined with a sample of 79 undergraduate students (55 women and 24 men). These subjects were placed in one of the four following birth-order categories of firstborn, second-born, last-born, and only children. These categories were chosen given their significance in Adlerian theory. Each subject completed the Narcissistic Personality Inventory and a demographic inventory. Based on psychodynamic theory, it was hypothesized that firstborn children were expected to score highest, but statistical significance was not found for an association between narcissism and birth order. Further research is urged to investigate personality theory as it relates to parenting style and birth order.

  16. Crystal nucleation as the ordering of multiple order parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, John; Tanaka, Hajime

    2016-12-01

    Nucleation is an activated process in which the system has to overcome a free energy barrier in order for a first-order phase transition between the metastable and the stable phases to take place. In the liquid-to-solid transition, the process occurs between phases of different symmetry, and it is thus inherently a multi-dimensional process, in which all symmetries are broken at the transition. In this Focus Article, we consider some recent studies which highlight the multi-dimensional nature of the nucleation process. Even for a single-component system, the formation of solid crystals from the metastable melt involves fluctuations of two (or more) order parameters, often associated with the decoupling of positional and orientational symmetry breaking. In other words, we need at least two order parameters to describe the free-energy of a system including its liquid and crystalline states. This decoupling occurs naturally for asymmetric particles or directional interactions, focusing here on the case of water, but we will show that it also affects spherically symmetric interacting particles, such as the hard-sphere system. We will show how the treatment of nucleation as a multi-dimensional process has shed new light on the process of polymorph selection, on the effect of external fields on the nucleation process and on glass-forming ability.

  17. Professionalism as a Form of Work Commitment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrow, Paula C.; Goetz, Joe F., Jr.

    1988-01-01

    Evaluated concept of professionalism as a form of work commitment using a modified version of Hall's (1968) multidimensional measure of professionalism on 325 accountants in public practice. Examined three forms of work commitment--job involvement, organizational commitment, and work ethic endorsement--and four professional behaviors. Suggests the…

  18. Re-discovering an Organizational Form

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leixnering, Stephan; Meyer, Renate

    The corporation is the iconic emblem of modern capitalism. While the corporate form is today widely perceived as an instrument to maximize shareholder value, its institutionalization as an organizational form heavily built on the orientation towards public interests as a constitutive element...

  19. Anonymization of Court Orders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Povlsen, Claus; Jongejan, Bart; Hansen, Dorte Haltrup;

    We describe an anonymization tool that was commissioned by and specified together with Schultz, a publishing company specialized in Danish law related publications. Unavailability of training data and the need to guarantee compliance with pre-existing anonymization guidelines forced us to implement...

  20. Fauna Europaea - Orthopteroid orders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heller, K.-G.; Bohn, H.; Haas, F.; Willemse, F.; de Jong, Y.

    2016-01-01

    Fauna Europaea provides a public web-service with an index of scientific names (including important synonyms) of all extant European terrestrial and freshwater animals, their geographical distribution at the level of countries and major islands (west of the Urals and excluding the Caucasus region),

  1. Public Sociology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    What is the role of sociology in society? How can - and should - sociology contribute with insights relevant and useful to the outside world? Is sociology attuned to accommodate the demands of the wider public and of surrounding society? Who benefits from the knowledge produced and provided...... by sociology? What are the social implications and cultural effects of the knowledge sociology provides and creates? All of these questions, and many others, concern and centre on sociology's relationship to the surrounding society, in short to the ‘public'. All of these questions - and many others...... - will be addressed in this book.   Sociology, as the self-proclaimed ‘the science of society', finds itself in an exceptional position within the scientific community in that it studies a universe it itself is part and parcel of. This means that sociology and sociologists are inextricably connected and linked...

  2. Scientific publication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Getulio Teixeira Batista

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The necessary work for developing a scientific publication is sometimes underestimated and requires the effective participation of many players to obtain a result in good standard. Initially it depends upon the determination of the authors that decide to write the scientific article. Scientific writing is a very challenging and time consuming task, but at the same time essential for any scientist. A published scientific article is unquestionably one of the main indicators of scientific production, especially if published in a qualified scientific journal with highly qualified editorial committee and strict peer review procedure. By looking at evaluation criteria for scientific production of the several Thematic Scientific Committees of the Brazilian Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq it becomes clear publications in scientific journals that has certified quality is the most important item in the evaluation of a scientist production.

  3. Public opinion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, A

    2013-04-01

    This opinion-based article aims to highlight the worrying decline in support for dental public health as a specialty. Not only is this specialty important for its role in commissioning services, it is crucial for the identification of vulnerable groups in society and ensuring dental services are acceptable and assessable for these populations. Dental public health also addresses the social determinants of health in its approach, acknowledging the impact of these in perpetuating inequalities and looking for multisectoral approaches to their management. This article also looks at the lack of appreciation for these determinants in dental foundation training and how a change in the structure of the programme could both address this and the current shortage of places.

  4. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    MARS PENSIONS CONTRACT POLICY GENERAL INFORMATION   PUBLIC MEETINGS COME AND BE INFORMED! Public meetings Monday 15 Oct. 2 pm Amphi IT, 31-3-004 Meyrin Wednesday 17 Oct. 10 am Amphi BE, 864-1-D02 Prévessin Thursday 18 Oct. 10 am Salle du Conseil/ Council Chamber 503-1-001 Meyrin Thursday 18 Oct. 2 pm Filtration Plant, 222-R-001(in English) Meyrin   Overview of the topics to be discussed Recognition of Merit – MARS Outcome of last exercise 2007 to 2012 : lessons learned Pension Fund Capital preservation policy : what is it ? Contract policy LC2IC statistics SA proposal General information CVI 2013 Voluntary programmes (PRP, SLS)  

  5. Human motion perception: Higher-order organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Mary K.; Proffitt, Dennis R.

    1990-01-01

    An overview is given of higher-order motion perception and organization. It is argued that motion is sufficient to fully specify a number of environmental properties, including: depth order, three-dimensional form, object displacement, and dynamics. A grammar of motion perception is proposed; applications of this work for display design are discussed.

  6. Combinatorial Solutions to Normal Ordering of Bosons

    CERN Document Server

    Blasiak, P; Horzela, A; Penson, K A; Solomon, A I

    2005-01-01

    We present a combinatorial method of constructing solutions to the normal ordering of boson operators. Generalizations of standard combinatorial notions - the Stirling and Bell numbers, Bell polynomials and Dobinski relations - lead to calculational tools which allow to find explicitly normally ordered forms for a large class of operator functions.

  7. Public Sphere as Digital Assemblage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salovaara-Moring, Inka

    the 1990s onwards digitalization brought concepts of network and complexity into the theoretical discourse. This relational turn changed the social ontology of the public sphere into a dynamic and complex system, erasing the division between the fields of reality (the world), representation (discourse...... theories. Drawing from Deleuze & Guattari (1987), Bennett (2010), and Latour (2004) in order to imagine post-human assemblages of public sphere, this paper argues for a relational ontology that emphasizes the complex interactions of political assemblages. Empirically, it draws from the author’s studies......Normative theories of public sphere have struggled with the topic of materiality. The historical narrative of the ‘public sphere’ situated the phenomenon in specific spaces, where practices (public deliberation) and language (discourse) constructed political agencies, and further publics. From...

  8. Private and public patients in public hospitals in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shmueli, Amir; Savage, Elizabeth

    2014-04-01

    The nature of the private-public mix in health insurance and in health care is a major issue in most health systems. To compare the hospitalization characteristics of private and public patients hospitalized in public hospitals. We focused on planned, overnight and same-day admissions, discharged during 2004-2005 from the public New South Wales hospitals, and run fixed-effects regressions in order to identify the effect of accommodation status (private/public) on the hospitalization characteristics. Private patients have one third less waiting days than public patients, and they are assigned higher urgency of admission. Length of stay and length of visit are both unrelated to the accommodation status, however, private patients tend to have more hours in ICU and more procedures performed during the hospitalization. In-hospital mortality and the number of transfers (wards) are not affected by the accommodation status. Private patients are treated differently than public patients in public hospitals, reinforcing the private health insurance-related inequity in inpatient care identified by others. Two health policy issues emerge from the findings: the role of private health insurance in the Australian socialized medicine system, and in particular, in the public hospitals; and the way public hospitals are reimbursed for private patients. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. How Public Is Public Administration? A Constitutional Approach of Publicness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ringeling, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    Both in Public Administration and in practice, there is a loss of the concept of public. A view became dominant in which markets were superior to governments and public to private. Not only did the esteem of the public sphere diminish, but also its significance in our reasoning and teaching. It became less clear what the public sphere stood for.…

  10. How Public Is Public Administration? A Constitutional Approach of Publicness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ringeling, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    Both in Public Administration and in practice, there is a loss of the concept of public. A view became dominant in which markets were superior to governments and public to private. Not only did the esteem of the public sphere diminish, but also its significance in our reasoning and teaching. It became less clear what the public sphere stood for.…

  11. Geodesic order types

    OpenAIRE

    Aichholzer, Oswin; Korman Cozzetti, Matías; Pilz, Alexander; Vogtenhuber, Birgit

    2014-01-01

    The geodesic between two points a and b in the interior of a simple polygon P is the shortest polygonal path inside P that connects a to b. It is thus the natural generalization of straight line segments on unconstrained point sets to polygonal environments. In this paper we use this extension to generalize the concept of the order type of a set of points in the Euclidean plane to geodesic order types. In particular, we show that, for any set S of points and an ordered subset of at least four...

  12. Shuffling with ordered cards

    CERN Document Server

    Butler, Steve

    2010-01-01

    We consider a problem of shuffling a deck of cards with ordered labels. Namely we split the deck of N=k^tq cards (where t>=1 is maximal) into k equally sized stacks and then take the top card off of each stack and sort them by the order of their labels and add them to the shuffled stack. We show how to find stacks of cards invariant and periodic under the shuffling. We also show when gcd(q,k)=1 the possible periods of this shuffling are all divisors of order_k(N-q).

  13. Second-Order Science of Interdisciplinary Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Noe, Egon

    2014-01-01

    require and challenge interdisciplinarity. Problem: The conventional methods of interdisciplinary research fall short in the case of wicked problems because they remain first-order science. Our aim is to present workable methods and research designs for doing second-order science in domains where...... there are many different scientific knowledges on any complex problem. Method: We synthesize and elaborate a framework for second-order science in interdisciplinary research based on a number of earlier publications, experiences from large interdisciplinary research projects, and a perspectivist theory...... of science. Results: The second-order polyocular framework for interdisciplinary research is characterized by five principles. Second-order science of interdisciplinary research must: 1. draw on the observations of first-order perspectives, 2. address a shared dynamical object, 3. establish a shared problem...

  14. Second-Order Science of Interdisciplinary Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Noe, Egon

    2014-01-01

    require and challenge interdisciplinarity. Problem: The conventional methods of interdisciplinary research fall short in the case of wicked problems because they remain first-order science. Our aim is to present workable methods and research designs for doing second-order science in domains where...... there are many different scientific knowledges on any complex problem. Method: We synthesize and elaborate a framework for second-order science in interdisciplinary research based on a number of earlier publications, experiences from large interdisciplinary research projects, and a perspectivist theory...... of science. Results: The second-order polyocular framework for interdisciplinary research is characterized by five principles. Second-order science of interdisciplinary research must: 1. draw on the observations of first-order perspectives, 2. address a shared dynamical object, 3. establish a shared problem...

  15. Adventures in public data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaharevitz Dan W

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This article contains the slides and transcript of a talk given by Dan Zaharevitz at the "Visions of a Semantic Molecular Future" symposium held at the University of Cambridge Department of Chemistry on 2011-01-19. A recording of the talk is available on the University Computing Service's Streaming Media Service archive at http://sms.cam.ac.uk/media/1095515 (unfortunately the first part of the recording was corrupted, so the talk appears to begin at slide 6, 'At a critical time'. We believe that Dan's message comes over extremely well in the textual transcript and that it would be poorer for serious editing. In addition we have added some explanations and references of some of the concepts in the slides and text. (Charlotte Bolton; Peter Murray-Rust, University of Cambridge Editorial preface The following paper is part of a series of publications which arose from a Symposium held at the Unilever Centre for Molecular Informatics at the University of Cambridge to celebrate the lifetime achievements of Peter Murray-Rust. One of the motives of Peter's work was and is a better transport and preservation of data and information in scientific publications. In both respects the following publication is relevant: it is about public data and their representation, and the publication represents a non-standard experiment of transporting the content of the scientific presentation. As you will see, it consists of the original slides used by Dan Zaharevitz in his talk "Adventures in Public Data" at the Unilever Centre together with a diligent transcript of his speech. The transcribers have gone through great effort to preserve the original spirit of the talk by preserving colloquial language as it is used at such occasions. For reasons known to us, the original speaker was unable to submit the manuscript in a more conventional form. We, the Editors, have discussed in depth whether such a format is suitable for a scientific journal. We have eventually

  16. Adventures in public data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaharevitz, Dan W

    2011-10-14

    This article contains the slides and transcript of a talk given by Dan Zaharevitz at the "Visions of a Semantic Molecular Future" symposium held at the University of Cambridge Department of Chemistry on 2011-01-19. A recording of the talk is available on the University Computing Service's Streaming Media Service archive at http://sms.cam.ac.uk/media/1095515 (unfortunately the first part of the recording was corrupted, so the talk appears to begin at slide 6, 'At a critical time'). We believe that Dan's message comes over extremely well in the textual transcript and that it would be poorer for serious editing. In addition we have added some explanations and references of some of the concepts in the slides and text. (Charlotte Bolton; Peter Murray-Rust, University of Cambridge) EDITORIAL PREFACE: The following paper is part of a series of publications which arose from a Symposium held at the Unilever Centre for Molecular Informatics at the University of Cambridge to celebrate the lifetime achievements of Peter Murray-Rust. One of the motives of Peter's work was and is a better transport and preservation of data and information in scientific publications. In both respects the following publication is relevant: it is about public data and their representation, and the publication represents a non-standard experiment of transporting the content of the scientific presentation. As you will see, it consists of the original slides used by Dan Zaharevitz in his talk "Adventures in Public Data" at the Unilever Centre together with a diligent transcript of his speech. The transcribers have gone through great effort to preserve the original spirit of the talk by preserving colloquial language as it is used at such occasions. For reasons known to us, the original speaker was unable to submit the manuscript in a more conventional form. We, the Editors, have discussed in depth whether such a format is suitable for a scientific journal. We have eventually decided to publish this

  17. Emotions and the moral order

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinkmann, Svend; Musaeus, Peter

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we follow Averill, who tells us that emotions reflect “the thought of an epoch, the secret of a civilization”. In this light, to understand the meaning of an emotion is to understand the relevant aspects of the sociocultural systems of which the emotion is a part. We argue...... that a number of the most central emotions in human lives are identified with reference to the moral order of the sociocultural system rather than with reference to physiological conditions or body states. We present a normative theory of emotions and refer to research on “emotionologies” of different cultures...... to demonstrate that specific moral orders are associated with specific forms of emotionality. If properly cultivated, moral emotions become “orientation guides” that enable persons to respond adequately to what happens in their local, moral worlds, and, as researchers, we can only grasp what such emotions...

  18. Modular Forms and Weierstrass Mock Modular Forms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Clemm

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Alfes, Griffin, Ono, and Rolen have shown that the harmonic Maass forms arising from Weierstrass ζ-functions associated to modular elliptic curves “encode” the vanishing and nonvanishing for central values and derivatives of twisted Hasse-Weil L-functions for elliptic curves. Previously, Martin and Ono proved that there are exactly five weight 2 newforms with complex multiplication that are eta-quotients. In this paper, we construct a canonical harmonic Maass form for these five curves with complex multiplication. The holomorphic part of this harmonic Maass form arises from the Weierstrass ζ-function and is referred to as the Weierstrass mock modular form. We prove that the Weierstrass mock modular form for these five curves is itself an eta-quotient or a twist of one. Using this construction, we also obtain p-adic formulas for the corresponding weight 2 newform using Atkin’s U-operator.

  19. Fourth order deformed general relativity

    CERN Document Server

    Cuttell, Peter D

    2014-01-01

    Whenever the condition of anomaly freedom is imposed within the framework of effective approaches to loop quantum cosmology, one seems to conclude that a deformation of general covariance is required. Here, starting from a general deformation we regain an effective gravitational Lagrangian including terms up to fourth order in extrinsic curvature. We subsequently constrain the form of the corrections, and then investigate the conditions for the occurrence of a big bounce and the realisation of an inflationary era, in the presence of a perfect fluid or scalar field.

  20. Mathematics of aperiodic order

    CERN Document Server

    Lenz, Daniel; Savinien, Jean

    2015-01-01

    What is order that is not based on simple repetition, that is, periodicity? How must atoms be arranged in a material so that it diffracts like a quasicrystal? How can we describe aperiodically ordered systems mathematically? Originally triggered by the – later Nobel prize-winning – discovery of quasicrystals, the investigation of aperiodic order has since become a well-established and rapidly evolving field of mathematical research with close ties to a surprising variety of branches of mathematics and physics. This book offers an overview of the state of the art in the field of aperiodic order, presented in carefully selected authoritative surveys. It is intended for non-experts with a general background in mathematics, theoretical physics or computer science, and offers a highly accessible source of first-hand information for all those interested in this rich and exciting field. Topics covered include the mathematical theory of diffraction, the dynamical systems of tilings or Delone sets, their cohomolog...