WorldWideScience

Sample records for public mineral estate

  1. Mineral Resource Information System for Field Lab in the Osage Mineral Reservation Estate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carroll, H.B.; Johnson, William I.

    1999-04-27

    The Osage Mineral Reservation Estate is located in Osage County, Oklahoma. Minerals on the Estate are owned by members of the Osage Tribe who are shareholders in the Estate. The Estate is administered by the Osage Agency, Branch of Minerals, operated by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Oil, natural gas, casinghead gas, and other minerals (sand, gravel, limestone, and dolomite) are exploited by lessors. Operators may obtain from the Branch of Minerals and the Osage Mineral Estate Tribal Council leases to explore and exploit oil, gas, oil and gas, and other minerals on the Estate. Operators pay a royalty on all minerals exploited and sold from the Estate. A mineral Resource Information system was developed for this project to evaluate the remaining hydrocarbon resources located on the Estate. Databases on Microsoft Excel spreadsheets of operators, leases, and production were designed for use in conjunction with an evaluation spreadsheet for estimating the remaining hydrocarbons on the Estate.

  2. Improvement and alienation of public real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferruccio Favaron

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Most of the Italian cities have been in crisis through the last decades, not being able anymore to guarantee the needs and expectations of their inhabitants, due to the lack of fundamental services, mobility, places of aggregation and attraction. The housing growth since Second World War, answering almost only to the needs of speculation and revaluation of landed revenue, produced anonymous and degraded suburbs, contributing to cancel a fundamental part of our communities’ history and culture. The crisis of the cities has clashed with the architectural one. Through sustainable regeneration, identified by the Italian architects as the greatest opportunity for revitalizing the cities and develop the country, we need to sustain interventions based on high architectural quality, besides innovative energetic, environmental and social requalification standards. It is now as never fundamental to extend the city effect from the centre to the far end suburbs, upgrading the public element, integrating the services and proposing new polarities able to interact in a synergic and propaedeutic way with the city centre. Within these settings, involving public agencies and resources with private companies and capitals, the new conversion, development and alienation of the public real estate (valued more than 400 billions €, represent a unique chance to redefine and regenerate the cities, apart from being an extraordinary opportunity to drop the debt and rationalize the local government expenses. To provide powerful infrastructures, aimed cultural policies, sustainable and environmental developments plans, are the biggest challenges to make our cities the most important investment on our future.

  3. Social caretakers and preventing crime on public housing estates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesseling, R.B.P.

    1992-01-01

    The Dutch government stimulated the employment of social caretakers on public housing estates. Besides other measures, they should contribute to the prevention of crime and the improvement of the living conditions on these estates. The WODC has studied the effects of the introduction of social

  4. Social caretakers and preventing crime on public housing estates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesseling, R.B.P.

    1992-01-01

    The Dutch government stimulated the employment of social caretakers on public housing estates. Besides other measures, they should contribute to the prevention of crime and the improvement of the living conditions on these estates. The WODC has studied the effects of the introduction of social caret

  5. Switching Regime Beta Analysis of Global Financial Crisis: Evidence from International Public Real Estate Markets

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kim Hiang Liow; Qing Ye

    2017-01-01

    .... Employing univariate and multivariate switching regime beta models, our results suggest that the public real estate markets examined responded significantly to the financial crisis with a significant...

  6. 26 CFR 1.1445-8 - Special rules regarding publicly traded partnerships, publicly traded trusts and real estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... partnerships, publicly traded trusts and real estate investment trusts (REITs). 1.1445-8 Section 1.1445-8... estates upon the disposition of U.S. real property interests. Except as otherwise provided in this... Bonds § 1.1445-8 Special rules regarding publicly traded partnerships, publicly traded trusts and real...

  7. DESIGNING PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP FOR BONTANG INDUSTRIAL ESTATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adjie Pamungkas

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Bontang Local Government has planned Bontang Industrial Estate (BIE to accommodate oil, gas, condensate and other industries.  The estate will need investment for about IDR. 2.27 Trillion while the total annual local government budget is near to IDR 2 Trillion. Moreover, the estate has to be operated in a business manner while the local government officers have a culture in non-profit organisation as part of bureaucracy. However, the BIE feasibility study 2013 has determined that the estate will generate economic multipliers boosting the city development.  Therefore, a partnership among government and private parties should be determined and accommodated in a proper cooperation arrangement. To design the partnership, we review literature, interview related private parties and confirm opinions of the private parties to the governments. A content analysis was used to assess information from the interviews. Considering the final outputs, BIE should be organised by a pure private enterprise or Ltd. to ensure the economic viable of the estate. The Ltd. is a partnership among the government and private parties via shareholders. The government can still hold a majority share with special arrangement in investment scheme. For the initial investments, the government can use its assets valued as 51% of total share while private parties can inject cash money equal to 49% of the total.  With this capital arrangement, the estate can be operated with initial investment for about IDR. 267.11 Billion on 244.97 Ha land. This initial investment can be profitable with IDR. 650 Billion NPV, 19.93% IRR and 13.95 year PP.Bontang Local Government has planned Bontang Industrial Estate (BIE to accommodate oil, gas, condensate and other industries.

  8. Public space in the housing estates of Poznan metropolitan area: design strategy

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The article was prepared on the basis of research conducted at the Faculty of Architecture at Poznan University of Technology. It constitutes an introduction to the subject of regeneration of housing areas in the Poznan Municipal Area in order to familiarize the reader with the method of socio-spatial analysis in relation to public space in housing estates.

  9. Real estate capitalization of Public Administration Institutions - a chance to stimulate investment and increase economic competitiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionut Constantin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The divide in the development of the different European space regions, is exemplified by the different ability to attract investments between rural and urban areas. Urban areas usually assure to investors a broad availability of structures and services that rural areas cannot offer. Another limiting factor for rural areas is the difficulty the enterprises which want to localize their structures outside the urban area meet when they try to find information about the quantity and the quality of the available structures. This penalization affects also the unused real estates of the public administration institutions; these real estates could represent for the investors an important opportunity to improve area’s resources, meeting some forms of converging collaboration with the public administration institutions. POLYINVEST project aims at improving conditions for investment in the rural areas, directly tackling the development gap between the regions of the South East Europe and to develop an information system useful for those public administration institutions.

  10. PUBLIC PATRIMONY THE ESTIMATION OF THE FAIR VALUES ASSOCIATED TO REAL ESTATE COMPONENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton Petri or PARLAGI

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available It aimed at estimating the fair value of the fixed assets as they are defined in the international valuation standards, particularly for public property. The fair value of land and buildings is usually their market value. For public patrimony, the method must consider also the net replacement cost when there are no possibilities of identifying a market value as that type of tangible assets is very rarely sold.  This paper proposes the use of social economic parameters for adjusting the fair value, with applicability only for public property evaluation. These parameters were determined based on Property Rights, Financing Correction, Selling Conditions, Market Conditions, Localization, Physical Characteristics, Economic Characteristics, Use, Non real estate Components of Value. Our analyses and opinions were based and developed according to the requirements of the standards of the International Valuation Standards Committee (IVSC2 and the working recommendations made by ANEVAR (National Association of evaluation agents in Romania. The purpose of the valuation report is the estimation of the fair values associated to real estate components of the public patrimony for accounting recording by the authorities, at year’s end, in accordance with the International Valuation Standards and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS. The valuation opinion must be analyzed in the general context of economy (at report date when the valuation operation takes place, of the development stage of the specific market (real estate and of the purpose of the valuation.

  11. The role of public spaces in creating place attachment (example of Zacisze, Warsaw housing estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mantey Dorota

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article raises the question of place attachment in the context of an increasingly important factor, that is the use of gathering and leisure places. The author publishes findings of a survey conducted among the residents of Zacisze, Warsaw, a detached housing estate with a very poor range of public places for gathering and leisure. The study has proved that the use of local public spaces, as a specific category of place, reinforces attachment to the whole housing estate. The study also confirms the important role that social factors have in building place attachment. Conditions already exist for considering social factors more important than physical ones in building a positive relationship with a territory.

  12. Context, built form and space: A case of public housing estates in Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rumana Afroz

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The context of public housing development in Hong Kong can be traced back to a deep rooted history when it was a need rather than a choice. At present, the public housing estates have become a much desired residential destination by the general people of Hong Kong although several changes in design have been observed that are not completely adapted by the residents. This study aims to investigate on the changing phenomenon of the context and the built form; and its impact on space in terms of adaptability by the residents. It has been found that, forced or formal communal spaces influenced by self-conscious culture discourage social interaction where quantitative measures are only applied, and informal communal spaces encouraged by unselfconscious culture bring happy social life. Contemporary built forms in the housing estates have changed a lot both externally and internally, and attention has been given to quantitative measures and formal spatial arrangements. As a result a gap is emerging between context, built form and adapted use of space. Therefore, measures such as qualitative approach, sensitively designed spatial arrangements are recommended to minimize the gap.

  13. Stroke literacy in Singapore: data from a survey of public housing estate residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Weiyen; Chuang, Ding Fang; Chue, Koy Min; Lee, Damian Z; Leong, Nicholas J; Ng, Zhi Guang; Peng, Kailing; Shen, Xiayan; Tham, Ye Ni; Wang, Kangjie; De Silva, Deidre Anne

    2014-09-01

    Knowledge of stroke symptoms is associated with seeking medical attention early, and knowledge of risk factors is an essential factor in stroke prevention. In this study, we evaluated the level of stroke literacy in Singapore. A cross-sectional study of Singapore citizens and permanent residents aged 21 years and above was conducted in a public housing estate. Participants were randomly sampled using multi-stage stratified sampling. Assessment of awareness of stroke symptoms and risk factors was performed using open-ended questions. In total, 687 respondents were recruited, with a response rate of 69.7%. Overall, 52.4% of respondents identified the brain as the source of pathology, and 47.6% could cite at least 1 of the 3 FAST symptoms (facial droop, arm weakness and speech difficulty), while 40% could name 2 or more of 7 established risk factors for stroke (high blood pressure, high cholesterol, cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, older age, previous heart attacks and stroke). Respondents at higher risk of stroke (older individuals and those with stroke risk factors) did not have greater awareness of stroke symptoms and risk factors. The majority of respondents reported they would seek immediate medical care if they experienced stroke symptoms. Only 59.4% knew the emergency ambulance service telephone number. In a sample of Singaporean adults residing in a public housing estate, we found evidence of poor stroke literacy, highlighting the need for comprehensive population-based education efforts. There is a role for opportunistic education among those at higher risk of stroke.

  14. Youth Studies and Timescapes: Insights from an Ethnographic Study of "Young Night Drifters" in Hong Kong's Public Housing Estates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groves, Julian M.; Ho, Wai-Yip; Siu, Kaxton

    2012-01-01

    This article draws on insights from the sociology of time to examine how scheduling influences social interaction and identity among young people and those who work with them. Drawing on an ethnographic analysis of "Young Night Drifters" and youth outreach social workers in Hong Kong's public housing estates, we create a framework to…

  15. Youth Studies and Timescapes: Insights from an Ethnographic Study of "Young Night Drifters" in Hong Kong's Public Housing Estates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groves, Julian M.; Ho, Wai-Yip; Siu, Kaxton

    2012-01-01

    This article draws on insights from the sociology of time to examine how scheduling influences social interaction and identity among young people and those who work with them. Drawing on an ethnographic analysis of "Young Night Drifters" and youth outreach social workers in Hong Kong's public housing estates, we create a framework to understand…

  16. Ownership structure and corporate performance: evidence from property and real estate public companies in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustaruddin Saleh

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper has proposed a specific case in the property and real estate sector regarding the impact of ownership structure and corporate performance, since this sector is one of those with booming investment in Indonesia. The ownership structure was represented by the institutional investor and managerial ownership, and the Economic Value Added (EVA and Tobin’s Q were used as a proxy for firm performance. This study utilized the purposive sampling of 240 observations over the period 2010-2015. The fixed and random effect panel data model was employed to determine the relationship among the variables. Findings show that the institutional investor and company’s size, as well as debt ratio, are important in explaining firm performance, while managerial ownership has a partially significant effect on the performance of companies in this industry.

  17. DETERMINAN PROFITABILITAS PADA PERUSAHAAN PROPERTI DAN REAL ESTATE GO PUBLIC DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fani Karina

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh ukuran perusahaan (size, perputaran piutang, debt to equity ratio, dan market capitalization terhadap profitabilitas. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh perusahaan properti dan real estate yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI pada tahun 2011 – 2013, berjumlah 46 perusahaan. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan purposive sampling. Sampel yang masuk kriteria sebanyak 28 perusahaan dengan 79 unit analisis.  Metode analisis data penelitian ini menggunakan regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ukuran perusahaan (size, debt to equity ratio, dan market capitalization tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap profitabilitas. Sedangkan, perputaran piutang memiliki pengaruh  positif terhadap profitabilitas. Saran untuk peneliti selanjutnya adalah mengambil variabel-variabel lain yang tidak dimasukkan ke dalam penelitian ini, yang mana memiliki potensi untuk mempengaruhi profitabilitas, seperti perputaran total aset dan perputaran modal.This study aims to analyze the effect of company size, receivable turnover, debt to equity ratio, and market capitalization on profitability. The populations of this study are all property and real estate companies listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX year of 2011 to 2013, amount to 46 companies. The study uses purposive sampling. The companies that meet requirements for this study were 28 companies having 79 data in term of financial reports. Method of data analysis used in this study is multiple linier regression. The results of this study show that the company size, debt to equity ratio, and market capitalization have no significant effect on profitability. Meanwhile, receivable turnover has a positive effect on profitability. Other researches should identify other independent variables that have potential influence on profitability such as total asset turnover and capital turnover.

  18. Risk and Real Estate Investment Trust (REITs Return: Evidence from Listed Public Trust

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    Nor Edi Azhar Binti Mohamad

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study examines an association of risk and returns of REITs from Malaysian REITs listed companies. The secondary data for analysis is retrieved from Bloomberg's Database of all 13 listed REITs in the Bursa Malaysia main market for three year period, from 2007 to 2009 with quarterly observation. The dependent variables are average return, expected return using Capital Asset Pricing Model, Sharpe Index, and Jensen Alpha Index. The independent variables represented by standard deviation, beta, trading volume, gross domestic product, inlation rate, and share price. The control variable for this study is type of REITs, whether it  was  categorized  as  Islamic  or  conventional  REITs.  Applying  correlations  and  multiple regression  analysis,  the  results  provide  evidence  on  the  association  between  return  and risk  on  REITs.  This  study  is  also  hoped  to  bring  beneits  to  the  public  listed  company  and shareholders in obtaining the key factors in determining the REITs yield. ";} // -->activate javascript

  19. 75 FR 74620 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3500 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate Brokers and Agents Interpretive Rule: Response to Public Comments AGENCY... fees to real estate brokers and agents by home warranty companies. The public was invited to comment on...

  20. Social problems and public image of the housing estates of 1960's in Spain. An analysis of cases

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    Mariá José Piñeira-Mantiñan

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The decade of the 1960’s in Spain was characterized for period in which there proliferated the construction of housing estates. Though these constructions in a beginning(principle were constructed in the periphery of the cities nowadays they form a part of the urban con-solidated nucleus. They are characterized for having a morfogía in opened apple and in ge-neral to receive groups with scanty buying power.

  1. Social problems and public image of the housing estates of 1960's in Spain. An analysis of cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Aldrey Vázquez

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The decade of the 1960’s in Spain was characterized for period in which there proliferatedthe construction of housing estates. Though these constructions in a beginning(principlewere constructed in the periphery of the cities nowadays they form a part of the urban consolidatednucleus. They are characterized for having a morfogía in opened apple and in generalto receive groups with scanty buying power.

  2. The Official Real Estate Appraisal in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph JOCHEIM-WIRTZ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Real Estate Appraisal in Germany is regulated by the articles 192-199 of the German Construction Law. Technical guidelines, including the appraisal methods, are defined in bylaws. For the purpose of official real estate appraisal, Expert Appraisal Committees were founded in counties and large cities. The Committees are comprised of real estate experts doing a honorary service, coming from such professions as land surveying engineers, architects, civil engineers, Tax Office employees, experts from the banking sector, agronomists and real estate agents. The chairman of the Committee is also the director of the Cadastral Office and/or the Surveying Office. Every Committee has its own office within the Cadastral Office or the Surveying Office. The main task of the Committees is to establish and guarantee the transparency of the real estate market, by means of the publication of approximate plot value maps on the Internet as well as the publication of the reports on the real estate market. Apart from that, the Expert Appraisal Committees provide reports on the market value of real estate objects, available upon request. Reports on the market value of real estate objects are also made by publicly appointed and sworn experts. Based on the steady rise in the requests for superregional information about the real estate market in the recent years, the working group comprised of the representatives from the Expert Appraisal Committees from the whole country published its first report on the real estate market in Germany in 2008, and the second one in 2011.

  3. 75 FR 77658 - Public Land Order No. 7755; Withdrawal of Public Lands and Reserved Federal Minerals for the Ash...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ...: 14X1109] Public Land Order No. 7755; Withdrawal of Public Lands and Reserved Federal Minerals for the Ash... public lands within the Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge boundary to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife... the Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge boundary. Non-Federal lands within the Refuge boundary...

  4. Real estate surfaces appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Ciuna

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In the appraisal of the market value of the properties are applied two important surface indexes: the market surface ratio of the secondary surfaces and the ratio of the site value to total value (allocation method. The measure of both these indexes can be revealed difficult: the data collection of the surface trade ratio in the market can get different results and in practice often the valuer refolds on the fixed coefficients brought in the handbooks and in the circulars of the public administration; the appraisal of the ratio of the site, especially in the central zones and for ancient buildings, where besides the incidence is higher, is developed extrapolating the ratios from the peripheral zones for new building or falling back on the publications of real estate sector.For the market comparison methods are proposed a series of test of surface trade ratio and land value ratio to foresee the effect on the appraisal result.

  5. The politics of partnerships: a study of police and housing collaboration to tackle anti-social behaviour on Australian public housing estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Keith

    2010-01-01

    This paper draws on the findings from a research project on partnership arrangements between the police and housing departments on three Australian public housing estates to tackle problems associated with illicit drug activity and anti-social behaviour (ASB). The analysis focused on the setting up of the partnerships and the interactions that followed from these institutional arrangements. The assumption that informs the paper is that when studying partnerships there is a need for a more critically framed analysis. The temptation to posit "a successful model" of what partnership entails and then to judge practices in relation to this model is considerable, but it inevitably falls into the trap of constructing a narrative of partnership success or failure in terms of individual agency (that is, the degree of commitment from individuals). The analysis undertaken in this paper has therefore sought to fathom a more complex set of organizational processes. Rather than confine the discussion to issues of success and failure, the study foregrounds the subjective accounts of individuals who work within partnership and the constraints they encounter. The paper therefore makes explicit the cultural tensions within and across agencies, contestation as to the extent of the policy "problem," and the divergent perspectives on the appropriate modes of intervention.

  6. Izlaganje na javni uvid podataka o nekretninama i utvrđivanje prava na zemljištu u funkciji uspostave jedinstvenog registra zemljišta i prava na zemljištu u Brčko distriktu BiH : Public presentation of data on real-estate and determination of rights in function of the establishment of a single registry of real-estate and real rights to real-estate in the Brcko district of B&H

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Latifović

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Zakon o registru zemljišta i prava na zemljištu Brčko distrikta Bosne i Hercegovine je propisao uspostavu jedinstvene evidencije nekretnina i stvarnih prava na nekretninama u Brčko distriktu Bosne i Hercegovine. Poslovi uspostave jedinstvene evidencije, u segmentu izlaganja na javni uvid podataka o nekretninama i utvrđivanje prava, su povjereni Vijeću za izlaganje podataka o nekretninama i utvrđivanje prava na zemljištu Brčko distrikta Bosne i Hercegovine. Autor se, u ovom radu, uz nezaobilazan kraći prikaz historijata javnih evidencija na nekretninama u Bosni i Hercegovini, bavi organizacijom, nadležnostima i načinom rada Vijeća za izlaganje podataka o nekretninama i utvrđivanje prava na zemljištu Brčko distrikta BIH. Nakon što bude uspješno okončan projekat izlaganje podataka o nekretninama i utvrđivanje prava na zemljištu u Brčko distriktu BiH, svi geodetsko – katastarski podaci o nepokretnostima kao i podaci o njihovom pravnom statusu će biti vođeni u Registru zemljišta i prava na zemljištu Osnovnog suda Brčko distrikta BiH. : The Law of Land Registry and Rights over Land of the Brčko District of B&H stipulated the establishment of a single registry of real-estate and real rights to real-estate in the Brčko District of B&H. Activities of the establishment of a single registry, in the segment of public presentation of data on real-estate and determination of rights, were entrusted to the Council for Presentation of Data on Real-estate and Establishment of Rights to Land of the Brčko District of B&H. In this paper, the author presents the inevitable short overview of the history of real-estate registries in Bosnia and Herzegovina and he also deals with organization, competencies and manner of work of the Council for Presentation of Data on Real-estate and Establishment of Rights to Land of the Brčko District of B&H. After a successful completion of the project of presentation of data on real-estate and

  7. 77 FR 58864 - Public Land Order No. 7801; Withdrawal of Public Lands for Protection of Proposed Expansion of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... status quo of the lands and mineral estate included in the proposed training land acquisition/airspace... laws, and the mineral material laws, to protect the status quo of the lands pending action on an... Palms; CA AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Public land order. SUMMARY: This...

  8. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Project: Shihua International Center Developer: Beijing Urban Construction Real Estate Co. Ltd. Location: Inner side of Jingguangqiao Overpass along the East Third Ring Road, Beijing Project Introduction: On the afternoon of March 30, Beijing Urban Construction Real Estate Co. Ltd. and Beijing Huihe Real Estate Co. Ltd. held the first introductory conference on the project of Shihua International Center in the Conference Hall of Jingguanq Center. At the conference,

  9. Preliminary publications book 2 from project on mineral resources, metallogenesis, and tectonics of northeast Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nokleberg, Warren J.; Miller, Robert J.; Naumova, Vera V.; Khanchuk, Alexander I.; Parfenov, Leonid M.; Kuzmin, Mikhail I.; Bounaeva, Tatiana M.; Obolenskiy, Alexander A.; Rodionov, Sergey M.; Seminskiy, Zhan V.; Diggles, Michael F.

    2003-01-01

    This is the Web version of a CD-ROM publication. This report consists of summary major compilations and syntheses accomplished in the six-year project through April 2003 for the study on the Mineral Resources, Metallogenesis, and Tectonics of Northeast Asia (Eastern and Southern Siberia, Mongolia, Northeastern China, South Korea, and Japan). The major scientific goals and benefits of the project are to: (1) provide a comprehensive international data base on the mineral resources of the region that is the first, extensive knowledge available in English; (2) provide major new interpretations of the origin and crustal evolution of mineralizing systems and their host rocks, thereby enabling enhanced, broad-scale tectonic reconstructions and interpretations; and (3) promote trade and scientific and technical exchanges between the North America and Northeast Asia. Data from the project are providing sound scientific data and interpretations for commercial firms, governmental agencies, universities, and individuals that are developing new ventures and studies in the project area, and for land-use planning studies that deal with both mineral potential issues. Northeast Asia has vast potential for known and undiscovered mineral deposits; however, little information existed in English in the West until publication of products from this project. Consequently, data and interpretations from the project are providing basic knowledge for major scientific, commercial, national, and international endeavors by other interested individuals and groups.

  10. A Real Estate Revival?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lan; Xinzhen

    2013-01-01

    Further regulation in the real estate market is a must,but tighter controls won’t be easy Several government departments released a joint circular to control borrowing by local governments, which is the first policy involving the real estate market in the new year.

  11. Minerals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaquero, M. P.

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available The possible changes in the mineral composition of food during frying could be the consequence of losses by leaching, or changes in concentrations caused by exchanges between the food and culinary fat of other compounds. The net result depends on the type of food, the frying fat used and the frying process. Moreover, the modifications that frying produces in other nutrients could indirectly affect the availability of dietary minerals. The most outstanding ones are those that can take place in the fat or in the protein. With respect to the interactions between frying oils and minerals, we have recent knowledge concerning the effects of consuming vegetable oils used in repeated fryings of potatoes without turnover, on the nutritive utilization of dietary minerals. The experiments have been carried out in pregnant and growing rats, which consumed diets containing, as a sole source of fat, the testing frying oils or unused oils. It seems that the consumption of various frying oils, with a polar compound content lower or close to the maximum limit of 25% accepted for human consumption, does not alter the absorption and metabolism of calcium, phosphorous, iron or copper. Magnesium absorption from diets containing frying oils tends to increase but the urinary excretion of this element increases, resulting imperceptible the variations in the magnesium balance. The urinary excretion of Zn also increased although its balance remained unchanged. Different studies referring to the effects of consuming fried fatty fish on mineral bioavailability will also be presented. On one hand, frying can cause structural changes in fish protein, which are associated with an increase in iron absorption and a decrease in body zinc retention. The nutritive utilization of other elements such as magnesium, calcium and copper seems to be unaffected. On the other hand; it has been described that an excess of fish fatty acids in the diet produces iron depletion, but when fatty

  12. Universidade pública estatal: entre o público e privado/mercantil State public university: between the public and the private/mercantile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdemar Sguissardi

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Com este artigo pretende-se contribuir para o debate em torno do dilema que enfrentariam hoje as universidades estatais públicas, tanto nos países centrais como nos da periferia e semiperiferia, isto é, diante dos constrangimentos econômico-financeiros e da nova concepção de economia, de Estado e de direitos ou serviços públicos, verem-se identificadas como bem público ou privado/mercantil. Visa-se a mostrar que é a multissecular identidade universitária que está em jogo. Para tanto, partindo de fenômenos bastante universais como os da extraordinária expansão do setor privado, em especial privado/mercantil, da redução dos investimentos estatais nas universidades públicas e do trânsito da autonomia para a heteronomia universitária, problematizam-se o tema do conhecimento - provido pelo ensino superior - como bem público ou bem privado, as principais teses envolvidas nesta questão e suas decorrências para a identidade universitária. O material empírico do estudo constitui-se de alguns documentos do Banco Mundial, da OMC e da UNESCO, assim como de dados sobre financiamento e expansão da educação superior no Brasil, entre outros. À guisa de conclusão, e de modo sucinto, são examinados alguns novos ou renovados traços e marcas da universidade de "modelo anglo-saxão", modelo que parece tornar-se hegemônico em países do Norte e do Sul.With this article we intend to contribute to the debate on the dilemma the state public universities would face nowadays, both in the central countries and in those countries of the periphery and semi-periphery, that is, before the economic-financial constraints and the new conception of the economy of state and rights or public services. The state public univerties see themselves identified with knowledge as public good or private/mercantile. We aim to show that the identity of the classical university is at stake. For this purpose, considering the very universal phenomenon like the

  13. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Stronger Demand in Shanghai Jones Lang LaSalle released its thirdquarter review report on the Shanghai real estate market.In Shanghai’s Puxi area,expansion of foreign-invested companies’ and clients’ needs for upgraded

  14. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Huaye International Center Location: Northwest Corner of Honglingjinqiao of Dongsihuanlu Investor: Huaye Real Estate Developer: Beijing Gaoshenghua Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Hotline: 86-10-65858883 Introduction: Huaye International Center has a total floor space of about 80,000 square meters. It is a top-grade integrated business community, combining office buildings, five-star serviced apartments and recreational establishments. It is due to open in early 2007. Huaye is designed by prestigious Au...

  15. Limiting Real Estate Loans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG JUN

    2010-01-01

    @@ More than eight months after the Central Government issued an order for central enterprises whose core business was not real estate to withdraw from the property sector, many enterprises in question have been sluggish to adhere to, or have altogether ignored, the government directive. Only 16 central enterprises are authorized to get new property development loans in the future, but 78 additional enterprises have business dealings in the real estate market, according to a recent report in China Securities Journal.

  16. 41 CFR 102-73.15 - What real estate acquisition and related services may Federal agencies provide?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What real estate... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 73-REAL ESTATE ACQUISITION General Provisions § 102-73.15 What real estate... provide real estate acquisition and related services, including leasing (with or without purchase options...

  17. 31 CFR 306.65 - Decedent's estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Decedent's estate. 306.65 Section 306.65 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT GENERAL REGULATIONS GOVERNING U.S....

  18. Real estate investment dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Gruber, Johannes

    2010-01-01

    This thesis is motivated by the steadily increasing interest in the dynamic relationship between the macro-economy and the real estate sector. One of the main issues in this respect is to study the investment dynamics. Since the bursting of the U.S. housing bubble in 2006 is identified as the point of origin of the so called subprime crises, which led to the collapse of the U.S. financial system, the dynamics of real estate investments is of particular interest. In the first part of my the...

  19. 41 CFR 102-73.10 - What is the basic real estate acquisition policy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ESTATE ACQUISITION General Provisions § 102-73.10 What is the basic real estate acquisition policy? When... real estate and related services in an efficient and cost effective manner. ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the basic real...

  20. Real Estate in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rimmer, Nina Røhr

    2016-01-01

    A general introduction to buying, owning and selling Property i Denmark. The cost of buying and selling property and the tax implications as well as the general concept of real estate is introduced. The paper includes also a brief introduction to some of the aspects which you should beware of when...

  1. Real Estate Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    The Commercial Remote Sensing Program at Stennis Space Center assists numerous companies across the United States, in learning to use remote sensing capabilities to enhance their competitiveness. Through the Visiting Investigator Program, SSC helped Coast Delta Realty in Diamondhead, Miss., incorporate remote sensing and Geogrpahic Information System technology for real estate marketing and management.

  2. 12 CFR 617.7620 - What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate at a public auction? 617.7620 Section 617.7620 Banks and... What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate at a public auction? System institutions electing to sell or lease acquired agricultural real estate or a...

  3. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    China View Developer: Beijing Shengce Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Location: Sanlitun, Chaoyang District, Beijing Tel: 86-10-65089898, 64151355 Introduction: The area round Sanlitun and the Worker's Stadium are the most thriving entertainment and nightlife centers for trendsetters in Beijing. Dotted with famous bars, renowned banks, exotic restaurants and boutiques, the area is within proximity of many embassies, hotels, office buildings and sports competition venues.

  4. Trust and Estate Planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrington, Brooke

    2012-01-01

    , these professionals keep a significant portion of the world’s private wealth beyond the reach of the state. Trust and estate planning thus contributes to creating and maintaining socioeconomic inequality on a global scale. The significance of the profession has grown as wealth itself has become more fungible......, spurring innovation in legal, organizational, and financial strategies, and thwarting a myriad of laws and policies designed to limit enduring inequality in modern, democratic societies....

  5. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Project: Yosemite Villa Developer: Beijing Bishuiyuan Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Location: 4 Yuyanglu, Houshayu Town, Shunyi District, Beijing, China Tel: 86-10-80465880. 86-10-80417188 Project introduction: Yosemite Villa is an investment of Shandong-based Luneng Group. Covering an area of 700,000 square meters, it has 455 villas and 80 apartments, as well as 139 villas that will be completed in September. Yosemite Villa is where your dream begins. Company release:

  6. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Lane Villa Developer: Beijing North Star Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Location: Laiguangying Donglu, Chaoyang District Tel: 86-10-84701288, 84703766 Introduction: Located in a traditional villa district by the Wenyuhe River in Chaoyang District, Lane Villa covers an area of 16 hectares and has a total floor space of 110,000 square meters. Buildings in Lane Villa are harmoniously integrated with the surrounding landscape. We pursue innovation and novelty in design. The tree-like block structure not on...

  7. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    NewⅠ-House Investor: Beijing Lucky Hope Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Developer: Beijing Molin Trunk Road Development Co. Ltd. Location: Lisui Town, Shunyi District, Beijing Tel: 86-10-89483551/52 Project introduction: When discussing Chinese-style homes in old Beijing, one naturally mentions the traditional siheyuan, or courtyard house, invoking the nostalgia associated with the ancient city. Today, with inappropriate edifices and copycat structures cluttering the capital's skyline, it is frustrating...

  8. An Industry Profile of Corporate Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Linda L.; Terry Keasler; Stellan Lundstrom

    1993-01-01

    Corporate real estate is increasingly becoming an area of emphasis for real estate professionals and academics, particularly in asset management. Using balance sheet data on real estate corporate holdings, total assets, and firm marketing values from 1984-1991, this article provides an analysis of real estate holdings both by industry sector and asset subtype. Industry rank order by gross value of total real estate holdings and asset subtype, real estate as a percent of assets, and real estat...

  9. Analysing UK real estate market forecast disagreement

    OpenAIRE

    McAllister, Patrick; Newell, G.; Matysiak, George

    2005-01-01

    Given the significance of forecasting in real estate investment decisions, this paper investigates forecast uncertainty and disagreement in real estate market forecasts. Using the Investment Property Forum (IPF) quarterly survey amongst UK independent real estate forecasters, these real estate forecasts are compared with actual real estate performance to assess a number of real estate forecasting issues in the UK over 1999-2004, including real estate forecast error, bias and consensus. The re...

  10. A Note on Real Estate Marketing Research

    OpenAIRE

    Emil E. Malizia

    1990-01-01

    Although the principles of real estate market analysis are more readily accessible due to the publication of several recent volumes, the topic yet to be grounded properly in the broader marketing research field. Building on the appraisal tradition, the professional market analyst strives for an objective assessment of market comparables and trends to arrive at a thoughtful and informed opinion of economic feasibility on behalf of the client developer, investor, lender, or landowner. However, ...

  11. From Field to the Web: Management and Publication of Geoscience Samples in CSIRO Mineral Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devaraju, A.; Klump, J. F.; Tey, V.; Fraser, R.; Reid, N.; Brown, A.; Golodoniuc, P.

    2016-12-01

    Inaccessible samples are an obstacle to the reproducibility of research and may cause waste of time and resources through duplication of sample collection and management. Within the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Mineral Resources there are various research communities who collect or generate physical samples as part of their field studies and analytical processes. Materials can be varied and could be rock, soil, plant materials, water, and even synthetic materials. Given the wide range of applications in CSIRO, each researcher or project may follow their own method of collecting, curating and documenting samples. In many cases samples and their documentation are often only available to the sample collector. For example, the Australian Resources Research Centre stores rock samples and research collections dating as far back as the 1970s. Collecting these samples again would be prohibitively expensive and in some cases impossible because the site has been mined out. These samples would not be easily discoverable by others without an online sample catalog. We identify some of the organizational and technical challenges to provide unambiguous and systematic access to geoscience samples, and present their solutions (e.g., workflow, persistent identifier and tools). We present the workflow starting from field sampling to sample publication on the Web, and describe how the International Geo Sample Number (IGSN) can be applied to identify samples along the process. In our test case geoscientific samples are collected as part of the Capricorn Distal Footprints project, a collaboration project between the CSIRO, the Geological Survey of Western Australia, academic institutions and industry partners. We conclude by summarizing the values of our solutions in terms of sample management and publication.

  12. Real Talk on Real Estate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    What’s hot and what’s not in China’s property market The Beijing 2008 Olympics is a giant magnet for real estate investment, but how far-reaching is its pull? Is it a good time to buy real estate in second-tier cities? And could a bal- looning worldwide real estate bubble have ramifications for China? Inquiring minds want to know the answers to all these questions in real estate circles. Experts may not always answer harmoniously, but unless you have a villa empire, their advice could help you conquer this tricky market more successfully. No bubble in Beijing or beyond The Olympic effect will cause real

  13. Staple crops biofortified with increased vitamins and minerals: considerations for a public health strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Casal, Maria Nieves; Peña-Rosas, Juan Pablo; Giyose, Boitshepo

    2017-02-01

    Biofortification of staple crops has been proposed as a strategy to address micronutrient malnutrition, particularly with respect to insufficient intake of vitamin A, iron, zinc, and folate. The World Health Organization, in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the Sackler Institute for Nutrition Science at the New York Academy of Sciences, convened a technical consultation entitled "Staple Crops Biofortified with Vitamins and Minerals: Considerations for a Public Health Strategy" in April 2016. Participants of the consultation reviewed the definition of biofortification of staple crops, patterns of crops production, processing, consumption, seed varieties, and micronutrient stability and bioavailability, as well as farmers' adoption and acceptability of the modified crops. Also discussed were economic, environmental, safety, and equity aspects of biofortified crops, as well as legal, policy, regulatory, and ethical issues for the implementation of biofortification strategies in agriculture and nutrition. Consultation working groups identified important and emerging technical issues, lessons learned, and research priorities to better support the evidence of improved nutrition and unintended adverse effects of biofortification. This paper provides the background and rationale of the technical consultation, synopsizes the presentations, and provides a summary of the main considerations proposed by the working groups. © 2016 The Authors. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of New York Academy of Sciences.

  14. The calcium concentration of public drinking waters and bottled mineral waters in Spain and its contribution to satisfying nutritional needs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isidro Vitoria

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: A sufficient intake of calcium enables correct bone mineralization. The bioavailability of calcium in water is similar to that in milk. Objective: To determine the concentration of calcium in public drinking water and bottled mineral water. Methods: We used ion chromatography to analyse the calcium concentrations of public drinking waters in a representative sample of 108 Spanish municipalities (21,290,707 people and of 109 natural mineral waters sold in Spain, 97 of which were produced in Spain and 12 of which were imported. Results: The average calcium concentration of public drinking waters was 38.96 ± 32.44 mg/L (range: 0.40159.68 mg/L. In 27 municipalities, the water contained 50-100 mg/L of calcium and in six municipalities it contained over 100 mg/L. The average calcium concentration of the 97 Spanish natural mineral water brands was 39.6 mg/L (range: 0.6-610.1 mg/L. Of these, 34 contained 50-100 mg/L of calcium and six contained over 100 mg/L. Of the 12 imported brands, 10 contained over 50 mg/L. Assuming water consumption is as recommended, water containing 50-100 mg/L of calcium provides 5.4-12.8% of the recommended intake of calcium for children aged one to thirteen, up to 13.6% for adolescents, 5.8-17.6% for adults, and up to 20.8% for lactating mothers. Water with 100-150 mg/L of calcium provides 10-31% of the recommended dietary allowance, depending on the age of the individual. Discussion: Public drinking water and natural mineral water consumption in a third of Spanish cities can be considered an important complementary source of calcium.

  15. Doing Real Estate Business Overseas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ When we saw the amount of foreign capital currently being invested in China's real estate market,we realized that much like its foreign counterparts,China has been very active overseas as well.With encouragement from the"walking out"strategy,more and more Vhinese investors have begun to focus on overseas real estate developments.

  16. 41 CFR 102-72.30 - What are the different types of delegations related to real estate leasing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... types of delegations related to real estate leasing? 102-72.30 Section 102-72.30 Public Contracts and... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 72-DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY Delegation of Authority § 102-72.30 What are the different types of delegations related to real estate leasing? Delegations related to real estate leasing...

  17. 75 FR 44006 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB, HUD-Owned Real Estate-Sales...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB, HUD-Owned Real Estate... Department is soliciting public comments on the subject proposal. The respondents are real estate listing...: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Sales Contract and Addendums. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0306...

  18. Institutionalization of Organized Industrial Estates in Turkey, Problems Encountered and Proposed Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan DAĞLAR

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the aim of the study is to determine the institutionalization degree of organized industrial estates and to identify the faced problems and to develop solutions for these problems. By using survey method, information about problems and institutionalization status of organized industrial estates were obtained from managers of the active organized industrial estates. The problems of organized industrial estates are related to the management structure, qualified staff, energy, transportation, regulation and public improvements. Formalization, professionalism, accountability, transparency and social responsibility have been identified as the factors about the institutionalization of organized industrial estates in Turkey according to factor analysis. It could be argued that organized industrial estates in Turkey have an institutional structure and they have institutionalized. However, it could be said that organized industrial estates which operate in 80 cities of Turkey and more than one are in some cities are not at the same level of institutionalization.

  19. Short History of the advertising industrial publicity in Mexico. The industrial estate of Puebla between the old regime and the revolution: 1880-1920 (industrial intangible heritage rescue)

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno, Humberto Morales

    2011-01-01

    This paper aims to show with archaeological field work in different landscapes of Mexico and documentation of the municipal archives of the city of Puebla, the architectural and historical evidence that gave identity to the Mexican industrial past throughout the 19th and first half of 20th century. Also shows the importance of the public documentation that many family firms produced in their correspondence to the municipal authority, demanding all kinds of grants or concessions in the city of...

  20. Bloomsday: Copyright Estates and Cultural Festivals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Rimmer

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Copyright estates have been unduly empowered by the extension of the term of copyright protection in Europe, the United States, Australia and elsewhere. The Estate of the Irish novelist, James Joyce, has been particularly aggressive in policing his revived copyrights. The "keepers of the flame" have relied upon threats of legal action to discourage the production of derivative works based upon the canonical texts of the novelist. The Estate has also jealously guarded the reputation of the author by vetoing the use of his work in various scholarly productions. Most radically of all, the grandson Stephen Joyce threatened to take legal action to prevent the staging of "Rejoyce Dublin 2004", a festival celebrating the centenary of Bloomsday. In response, the Irish Parliament rushed through emergency legislation, entitled the Copyright and Related Rights (Amendment Act 2004 (Ireland to safeguard the celebrations. The legislation clarified that a person could place literary and artistic works on public exhibition, without breaching the copyright vested in such cultural texts. Arguably, though, the ad hoc legislation passed by the Irish Parliament is inadequate. The Estate of James Joyce remains free to exercise its suite of economic and moral rights to control the use and adaptation of works of the Irish novelist. It is contended that copyright law needs to be revised to promote the interests of libraries and other cultural institutions. Most notably, the defence of fair dealing should be expanded to allow for the transformative use of copyright works, particularly in respect of adaptations and derived works. There should be greater scope for compulsory licensing and crown acquisition of revived copyrights.

  1. Adjusted Period for Real Estate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The Chinese real estate market has seen sustained prosperity for the last 10 years, but the climbing price of housing has made everyone begin to question whether this industry is overheated or if there is a bubble ready to burst.

  2. SATDA Real Estate Division Launches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rob Emerick

    2008-01-01

    <正>Hello Readers, I am happy to announce the new real estate section for this magazine,called"America is For Sale".This section will focus on current and important issues regarding the real estate industry within the United States of America.There has been a great deal of interest in the American real estate market from Chinese investors lately.The weak US dollar and strong Chinese renminbi alone make the US market attractive to Chinese investors.Now,with the US in the bottom of a real estate cycle,property is amazingly inexpensive.Many foreign investors are buying as much as they can because the investors understand this is the best time to buy:at the bottom of a cycle.

  3. Economic Effects Real Estate Tax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadić Milan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The real estate tax is usually a fiscal instrument which performs the property tax. When it comes to real property or immovable this term include: apartments, houses, land, cottages, excess housing landscape and more. The real estate tax as a form of the fiscal charges ownership or use of certain forms of real estate, and the revenue from this tax is levied on the area where the property is located regardless of the place of residence of its owner. The tax base for the calculation of this tax usually consists of the market, estimated or annuity value of certain real estate. This form of taxation in the Republic of Serbian applies from 1.1.2012., and its introduction has been replaced by former property taxes. The differences between the two concepts mentioned taxes are numerous and significant. Among the more important are: subject to taxation under the new concept of the real estate rather than law, a taxpayer is any property owner rather than the holder of rights to immovable property tax base is the market value of real estate which is replaced by the payment of taxes per square meter of usable area, the rate of property tax is determined local government, which can not be lower than 0.05% of the estimated value of the real estate nor higher than 0.5% of the appraised value of real estate. The last change, ie. The new law on Property Tax from 5.11.2015. was determined by the tax rate to 20%. The fact that local governments each of them determines the tax rate on real estate which range from high to low rates of multiple, makes this tax is progressive. Progression is particularly expressed in the distinction applied tax rates of developed and undeveloped municipalities, where we have a case that less developed tolerate a higher tax burden, which leads to negative economic effects. However, real estate tax has its own economic and social characteristics which must be aligned with the objectives of tax policy. This means that the real estate tax

  4. 15 CFR 806.8 - Real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate. 806.8 Section 806.8... ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DIRECT INVESTMENT SURVEYS § 806.8 Real estate. Residential real..., is considered real estate held for personal use. Ownership of residential real estate by a...

  5. Image Based Appraisal of Real Estate Properties

    OpenAIRE

    You, Quanzeng; Pang, Ran; Luo, Jiebo

    2016-01-01

    Real estate appraisal, which is the process of estimating the price for real estate properties, is crucial for both buys and sellers as the basis for negotiation and transaction. Traditionally, the repeat sales model has been widely adopted to estimate real estate price. However, it depends the design and calculation of a complex economic related index, which is challenging to estimate accurately. Today, real estate brokers provide easy access to detailed online information on real estate pro...

  6. E-Real Estate Property Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Majid Shanto, Syed Nurul

    2003-01-01

    Real estate business is one of the oldest businesses in the business world which is also considered to be associated with the toughest business environment to invest for investment because of its volatile behavior. In order to be competitive in the real estate market, the real estate developer as well as real estate specialist like real estate agent is constantly fighting for achieving marginal profit from the market. 21st century is the century of advance technology and utilizing its power i...

  7. Problems of conservation and modern use of country manorial estates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aksenova Irina Vasil’evna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Russian manorial estate, the importance of which for the Russian culture can scarcely be exaggerated, is an original and many-sided phenomenon, in which all socio-economic, historical and cultural processes of Russia are focused. Having come into being as dwelling and house-hold complexes, the estates gradually formed cultural framework of Russia in the period from the middle 18th to the end of 19th centuries. In connection with changing social conditions taking place in the 20th century and the loss of their primary meaning only the small part of the estates is conserved today and we are standing at the edge of loosing this invaluable layer of our cultural heritage. In recent years the attempts to revise our history have given positive improvement of public treatment of our historical and architectural heritage. As a result the public interest to the national phenomenon of estates provoked strong impulse to study and to accumulate information about them, but unfortunately did not answer the question how to use this heritage under present-day conditions. The legislation changes recently and the creation of programs and nonstate charitable funds give the hope for the positive improvement in the reconstruction of estates and involving them in the contemporary life. Possible variants of usage of historical settlements as well as estate and park complexes having the great scientific and cognitive and architectural value are considered. The revival of the historical estates together with the national cultural traditions is still not developed enough, but it is an inexhaustible source for the economical and cultural development of Russian regions.

  8. The Public Earnings Premium in a Mineral Rich Economy: New Piece in the Puzzle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usamah Alfarhan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the determination of sector earnings and the public earnings premium in Saudi Arabia. It uses a primary cross section of individuals collected in 2013, and employs the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition methodology to show whether the observed sectoral earnings' differential is explained by differences in workers' characteristics or by a favorable public wage structure. While controlling for selection, the paper shows that public workers are better endowed rather than overpaid by a wealthy state. This finding suggests that, contrary to the general belief, the determination of public earnings does not contradict active labor market policies designed to encourage private sector employment of locals.

  9. Challenges for Large Housing Estates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Hedvig

    This paper examines policies and improvement programmes implemented to improve troubled housing estates during three decades. It is based on evaluations of implemented programmes conducted for the Danish ministry of housing and the National Building Fund as well as similar studies from other...... European countries. Case studies illustrate local developments and outcomes and are the base for questioning the original identification of problems and thus the chosen solutions. Perspectives for current policy initiatives in the field of troubled housing estates are discussed in a general housing market...

  10. Challenges for Large Housing Estates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Hedvig

    This paper examines policies and improvement programmes implemented to improve troubled housing estates during three decades. It is based on evaluations of implemented programmes conducted for the Danish ministry of housing and the National Building Fund as well as similar studies from other...... European countries. Case studies illustrate local developments and outcomes and are the base for questioning the original identification of problems and thus the chosen solutions. Perspectives for current policy initiatives in the field of troubled housing estates are discussed in a general housing market...

  11. The Impact of Real Estate Market in the Albanian Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina Kripa

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The real estate market has an important impact on social and economic development of a country, and it involves many aspects which increase the complexity of the impact analysis and often have opposite directions. This can be supported by the fact that real estate is one of the most important items in public spending3, but also in investment expenses in general (this is especially typical for Albania. These expenses are mainly related to infrastructure and accommodation of homeless people by the National Housing Entity. Researchers have studied the relation between the price of real estates with the GDP of a country, concluding that real estate prices and the government policies related to them, do impact the GDP growth, and movements in residential prices can be used to forecast GDP growth. On the other hand, when purchasing a home, individuals use all their savings, or take loans, which constantly cause the reduction of consumption and saving possibilities in order to afford the installments and other loan expenses. So, from this point of view, this investment may have an adverse effect, even on GDP. But, the question we raise in this study is: what impact has the real estate market in Albanian economy? We begin the study by emphasizing the importance of the real estate market, and then we identify key developments related to this market’s financing, price developments and the construction activity, as an important part of the market itself. The study is concluded with a regression analysis on the role the real estate market plays in the Albanian economy.

  12. Development and evaluation of a training workshop for lay health promoters to implement a community-based intervention program in a public low rent housing estate: The Learning Families Project in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Agnes Y; Stewart, Sunita M; Wan, Alice; Fok, Helen; Lai, Hebe Y W; Lam, Tai-Hing; Chan, Sophia S

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents the development and evaluation of the train-the-trainer (TTT) workshop for lay resident leaders to be lay health promoters. The TTT workshop aimed to prepare the trainees to implement and/or assist in conducting a series of community-based family well-being activities for the residents in a public low rent housing estate, entitled "Learning Families Project", under the FAMILY project. The four-hour TTT workshop was conducted for 32 trainees (72% women, 43% aged ≥ 60, 41% ≤ elementary school education). The workshop aimed to promote trainees' knowledge, self-efficacy, attitude and practice of incorporating the positive psychology themes into their community activities and engaging the residents to join these activities and learn with their family members. Post-training support was provided. The effectiveness of the TTT was examined by self-administered questionnaires about trainees' reactions to training content, changes in learning and practice at three time points (baseline, and immediately and one year after training), and the difference in residents' survey results before and after participating in the community activities delivered by the trainees. The trainees' learning about the general concepts of family well-being, learning family, leadership skills and planning skills increased significantly with medium to large effect sizes (Cohen's d: 0.5-1.4) immediately after the training. The effects of perceived knowledge and attitude towards practice were sustained to one year (Cohen's d: 0.4-0.6). The application of planning skills to implement community activities was higher at one year (Cohen's d: 0.4), compared with baseline. At one year, the residents' survey results showed significant increases in the practice of positive communication behaviours and better neighbour cohesions after joining the family well-being activities of LFP. Qualitative feedback supported the quantitative results. Our TTT workshop could serve as a practical

  13. Real Forestry for Real Estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Jennifer; Fisher, Jason

    2013-01-01

    Virginia is poised to see an unprecedented change in forest land ownership. To provide new landowners with information on sustainable forest management, we developed a two-part program, Real Forestry for Real Estate. First, we assembled New Landowner Packets, which contain a variety of sustainable forest management resources. Second, two…

  14. Real Forestry for Real Estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Jennifer; Fisher, Jason

    2013-01-01

    Virginia is poised to see an unprecedented change in forest land ownership. To provide new landowners with information on sustainable forest management, we developed a two-part program, Real Forestry for Real Estate. First, we assembled New Landowner Packets, which contain a variety of sustainable forest management resources. Second, two…

  15. 75 FR 36271 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3500 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate Brokers and Agents AGENCY: Office of General Counsel, HUD. ACTION... performed by real estate brokers and agents as additional settlement services in a real estate transaction...

  16. Controle público e eqüidade no acesso a hospitais sob gestão pública não estatal Public control and equity of access to hospitals under non-State public administration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nivaldo Carneiro Junior

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar as organizações sociais de saúde à luz do controle público e da garantia da eqüidade no acesso aos serviços de saúde. MÉTODOS: Utilizou-se a técnica de estudo de caso e foram selecionadas duas organizações sociais de saúde na região metropolitana de São Paulo. As categorias analíticas foram eqüidade no acesso e controle público, baseando-se em entrevistas com informantes-chave e relatórios técnico-administrativos. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que financiamento global e o controle administrativo das organizações sociais de saúde são atribuições do gestor estadual. A presença do gestor local é importante para a garantia da eqüidade no acesso, sendo que o controle público se expressa por ações fiscalizadoras mediante procedimentos contábil-financeiros. CONCLUSÕES: A eqüidade no acesso e o controle público não são contemplados na gestão dessas organizações. A questão central encontra-se na capacidade do poder público se fazer presente na implementação dessa modalidade no âmbito local, garantido a eqüidade no acesso e contemplando o controle público.OBJECTIVE: To analyze social health organizations in the light of public control and the guarantee of equity of access to health services. METHODS: Utilizing the case study technique, two social health organizations in the metropolitan region of São Paulo were selected. The analytical categories were equity of access and public control, and these were based on interviews with key informants and technical-administrative reports. RESULTS: It was observed that the overall funding and administrative control of the social health organizations are functions of the state administrator. The presence of a local administrator is important for ensuring equity of access. Public control is expressed through supervisory actions, by means of accounting and financial procedures. CONCLUSIONS: Equity of access and public control are not taken into consideration

  17. Developing Real Estate Education in Brazil: A Case Study of an MBA in Real Estate Development

    OpenAIRE

    Emilio Haddad

    2013-01-01

    The practice of Real Estate in Brazil has gone to several changes in recent past that have resulted in an enormous development of the industry. It has implied in increasing demand for manpower training and development a local knowledge of this emerging field. Because of a virtual lack of a “Real Estate school” in Brazil, Real Estate has been approached by different educational traditions, such as construction planning and management, Real Estate business, Real Estate finance. The purpose of t...

  18. Restructuring Estate and Gift Taxes

    OpenAIRE

    Sawyers, Roby B.

    2001-01-01

    Most observers agree that restructuring the current transfer tax system (encompassing the estate, gift and generation skipping transfer taxes) is warranted and appropriate. However, the debate in Congress and the press centers on exactly how the system should be changed. In this paper, I analyze and compare outright repeal of the transfer tax to two alternatives--significant modifications of the current transfer tax system and a tax on appreciation at death--and conclude that a combination of...

  19. Comparing Teaching Styles and Personality Types of EFL Instructors in the Public and Private Sectors Una comparación de los estilos de enseñanza y los tipos de personalidad de profesores de inglés de los sistemas educativos estatal y privado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio H Díaz Larenas

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This is an exploratory non-experimental research study whose main objective is to compare the teaching styles of a group of thirty teachers of English working in either public or private secondary education in Chile. In order to collect the required data, two instruments were administered to the participants: a teaching style inventory and a personality type index proposed by Grasha. Results indicate that public sector participants show a facilitator teaching style and an extrovert personality type, whereas private sector participants reveal a more authoritative teaching style and an introverted type of personality.Este estudio exploratorio de naturaleza no-experimental tiene como objetivo principal comparar los estilos de enseñanza de un grupo de treinta profesores de inglés que trabajan en el nivel de enseñanza secundario del sistema educativo estatal o privado, en Chile. Para la recolección de datos se utilizaron el inventario de estilos de enseñanza y el índice de tipo de personalidad de Grasha. Los resultados indican que los participantes del nivel de enseñanza estatal presentan un estilo de enseñanza de naturaleza facilitadora y un tipo de personalidad extrovertido, mientras que los participantes del nivel de enseñanza privado revelan un estilo de enseñanza más autoritario y una personalidad más introvertida.

  20. 43 CFR 19.8 - Prospecting, mineral locations, mineral patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness. 19.8 Section 19.8 Public Lands: Interior... § 19.8 Prospecting, mineral locations, mineral patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest... locations, mineral patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness are contained in parts...

  1. Determination of Aluminium and Physicochemical Parameters in the Palm Oil Estates Water Supply at Johor, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siti Farizwana, M. R.; Mazrura, S.; Zurahanim Fasha, A.; Ahmad Rohi, G.

    2010-01-01

    The study was to determine the concentration of aluminium (Al) and study the physicochemical parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), turbidity, and residual chlorine) in drinking water supply in selected palm oil estates in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Water samples were collected from the estates with the private and the public water supplies. The sampling points were at the water source (S), the treatment plant outlet (TPO), and at the nearest houses (H1) and the furthest houses (H2) from the TPO. All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L. However, Al concentrations in all public water supply estates were well within the limit except for one estate. The pH for all samples complied with the NSDWQ except from the private estates for the drinking water supply with an acidic pH (5.50 ± 0.90). The private water supply showed violated turbidity value in the drinking water samples (14.2 ± 24.1 NTU). Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L). Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems. PMID:21461348

  2. Determination of aluminium and physicochemical parameters in the palm oil estates water supply at Johor, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siti Farizwana, M R; Mazrura, S; Zurahanim Fasha, A; Ahmad Rohi, G

    2010-01-01

    The study was to determine the concentration of aluminium (Al) and study the physicochemical parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), turbidity, and residual chlorine) in drinking water supply in selected palm oil estates in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Water samples were collected from the estates with the private and the public water supplies. The sampling points were at the water source (S), the treatment plant outlet (TPO), and at the nearest houses (H1) and the furthest houses (H2) from the TPO. All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L. However, Al concentrations in all public water supply estates were well within the limit except for one estate. The pH for all samples complied with the NSDWQ except from the private estates for the drinking water supply with an acidic pH (5.50 ± 0.90). The private water supply showed violated turbidity value in the drinking water samples (14.2 ± 24.1 NTU). Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L). Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems.

  3. Determination of Aluminium and Physicochemical Parameters in the Palm Oil Estates Water Supply at Johor, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. R. Siti Farizwana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The study was to determine the concentration of aluminium (Al and study the physicochemical parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS, turbidity, and residual chlorine in drinking water supply in selected palm oil estates in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Water samples were collected from the estates with the private and the public water supplies. The sampling points were at the water source (S, the treatment plant outlet (TPO, and at the nearest houses (H1 and the furthest houses (H2 from the TPO. All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L. However, Al concentrations in all public water supply estates were well within the limit except for one estate. The pH for all samples complied with the NSDWQ except from the private estates for the drinking water supply with an acidic pH (5.50 ± 0.90. The private water supply showed violated turbidity value in the drinking water samples (14.2 ± 24.1 NTU. Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L. Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems.

  4. The real estate industry in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Engelberts, Reinout; Suarez, Jose L.

    2004-01-01

    The real estate industry in the Netherlands is one of the most sophisticated in Europe. In fact, some Dutch real estate companies are among the most active in the international arena, and are major players in the ongoing integration in European markets. The paper describes the sectors of the real estate industry, i.e. residential and commercial (offices, retail and industrial), social housing policies, and the characteristics of the major companies. Individualized descriptions of listed real ...

  5. Toil and Real Estate Trouble

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LAN XINZHEN

    2010-01-01

    @@ Nearly two years after the financial crisis,the Chinese economy is faring well-maybe too well.A recent Ministry of Land and Resources (MLR) report stated a dangerous bubble is expanding in the property market,raising concerns among policymakers. The price surges came as a surprisewhile the financial crisis plunged the world into a deep recession,sending a chill through the once-booming Chinese economy,the real estate market staged a defiant comeback.According to data from the China Land Surveying and Planning Institute,the country's average residence price ,soared 25 percent in 2009 from the previous year,a record rate since 2001.

  6. Fresh Air in Real Estate Policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Yan

    2008-01-01

    @@ Recently, due to the international financial crisis, the decline in domestic economic growth and in the real estate market, the central and local governments have issued a series of policies and measures designed to stimulate the real estate industry. On the one hand, the central government starts stimulating the real estate market by tax relief, relaxation of credit and security housing construction. On the other hand, with the support of the central government, more and more local governments have implemented their own new real estate policies in order to promote the recovery of the local market.

  7. 33 CFR 211.1 - Real estate defined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate defined. 211.1... DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.1 Real estate defined. The term real estate as used in this part includes land...

  8. 12 CFR 541.21 - Nonresidential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nonresidential real estate. 541.21 Section 541... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.21 Nonresidential real estate. The terms nonresidential real estate or nonresidential real property mean real estate that is not residential real estate...

  9. 32 CFR 644.23 - Real Estate Planning Documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Real Estate Planning Documents. 644.23 Section... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies § 644.23 Real Estate Planning Documents. (a) Real Estate Planning Reports. (1) A Real Estate Planning...

  10. Real Estate Taxes in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Koprencka

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The construction sector is one of the mainsectors of the Albanian economy, which,during the last 20 years, has experiencedthe greatest economic growth. In 1991 thissector has contributed by 2.5% to the GDP,in 2006 by 4.9%, while in 2008, this sectorhas contributed by 14.9% to the national GDP. The relevant legislation has played animportant role in the development of this sector. The applied laws have tried to maintainat low levels the real estate prices and totransform such a problematic sector, withreference to fiscal evasion and informality,into an easily controllable sector. The taxesapplied in the construction sector are the sameas in other economic sectors, although thetaxation management in the construction sector, except forthose common principles thatregulate the tax management in general, isbased on some specificrules related to thecharacteristics of this sector. Increase the level of taxation on the transfer of ownership tothe extent of 10%, paralyzed the housing market by reducing the number of sales,especially of real estate old, previously this was 0.3-5%of sales value.JEL Classification: H21

  11. Debt capacity of real estate collateral

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giambona, E.; Golec, J.; Schwienbacher, A.

    2014-01-01

    We study whether real estate assets have a greater positive influence on firm leverage than other tangible assets. Using a large sample of COMPUSTAT firms, we find a significant positive relation between tangibility and leverage in general, and the relation is strongest for real estate collateral.

  12. Commercial real estate analysis and investments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geltner, D.; Miller, N.; Clayton, J.; Eichholtz, P.M.A.

    2013-01-01

    The well-known and respected authorship team of Geltner and Miller bring you a new edition of what has become the undisputed and authoritative resource on commercial real estate investment. Streamlined and completely updated with expanded coverage of corporate and international real estate investmen

  13. 31 CFR 315.71 - Decedent's estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... required. Letters of appointment must be dated not more than one year prior to the date of submission of the letters of appointment. (b) Estate has been settled previously. If the estate has been settled..., and will be determined as of the date of death. Administration may also be required at the...

  14. Medical real estate in an age of reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammond, Laca Wong; Camp, Philip J

    2011-04-01

    The following are four ways healthcare organizations are fulfilling their medical real estate needs in an era of change: Real estate monetization. Renovation of existing facilities. A careful focus on containing materials costs. Joint ventures with real estate organizations.

  15. Life and Death Questions About the Estate and Gift Tax

    OpenAIRE

    William G. Gale; Slemrod, Joel

    2000-01-01

    Political debate over the estate tax has been growing; this article provides an overview of estate and gift taxes, examines equity and incidence issues and the efficiency of transfer taxes, and discusses administrative aspects of the estate and gift tax.

  16. Growing the Greater Campus: The Use of Institutionally Related Foundations in Real Estate Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Kevin G.; Malone, Jason B.

    2015-01-01

    Public colleges and universities have long turned to institutionally related foundations ("IRFs") to raise private support and manage endowments and other financial assets. From the start, however, IRFs have also served as vehicles enabling public institutions to engage in real estate transactions and related entrepreneurial ventures…

  17. Growing the Greater Campus: The Use of Institutionally Related Foundations in Real Estate Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Kevin G.; Malone, Jason B.

    2015-01-01

    Public colleges and universities have long turned to institutionally related foundations ("IRFs") to raise private support and manage endowments and other financial assets. From the start, however, IRFs have also served as vehicles enabling public institutions to engage in real estate transactions and related entrepreneurial ventures…

  18. Accounting costs of transactions in real estate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2005-01-01

    The costs of transactions in real estate is of importance for households, for investors, for statistical services, for governmental and international bodies concerned with the efficient delivery of basic state functions, as well as for research. The paper takes a multi-disciplinary approach...... in relating theoretical conceptualizations of transaction costs to national accounting and further to the identification and quantification of actions on units of real estate. The notion of satellite accounting of the System of National Accounts is applied to the segment of society concerned with changes...... in real estate. The paper ends up with an estimate of the cost of a major real property transaction in Denmark....

  19. Governance structures for real estate transactions: Markets ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    networks in the governance of real-estate transactions under three property rights regimes in ..... makers may engage in corruption and other forms of 'rent-seeking' behaviour, benefiting .... trust or other corporate body. The key difference from ...

  20. Estate and business planning for the retiring physician.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kingma, Kenneth W; Vaughn, Thomas D

    2012-01-01

    Retiring physicians have much to think about for estate planning purposes. The authors stand ready to help physicians sell or close their medical practice, navigate the 2010 Tax Act, take advantage of current planning opportunities, and prepare appropriate estate planning documents. Every estate is unique, so it is important to contact an estate planning advisor before taking any action.

  1. 7 CFR 764.104 - General real estate security requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General real estate security requirements. 764.104....104 General real estate security requirements. (a) Agency lien position requirements. If real estate... Agency; and (4) Equity in the collateral exists. (b) Real estate held under a purchase contract. If the...

  2. 12 CFR 34.83 - Disposition of real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disposition of real estate. 34.83 Section 34.83 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Other Real Estate Owned § 34.83 Disposition of real estate. (a) Disposition. A national bank may...

  3. 7 CFR 767.101 - Leasing real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Leasing real estate inventory property. 767.101..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Lease of Real Estate Inventory Property § 767.101 Leasing real estate inventory property. (a) The Agency may lease real estate inventory...

  4. 12 CFR 541.15 - Improved nonresidential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Improved nonresidential real estate. 541.15... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.15 Improved nonresidential real estate. The term improved nonresidential real estate means nonresidential real estate: (a) Containing a permanent structure...

  5. 12 CFR 541.16 - Improved residential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Improved residential real estate. 541.16... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.16 Improved residential real estate. The term improved residential real estate means residential real estate containing offsite or other improvements...

  6. 12 CFR 541.23 - Residential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Residential real estate. 541.23 Section 541.23... AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.23 Residential real estate. The terms residential real estate... home used in part for business); (c) Other real estate used for primarily residential purposes other...

  7. 12 CFR 541.27 - Unimproved real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unimproved real estate. 541.27 Section 541.27... AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.27 Unimproved real estate. The term unimproved real estate means real estate that will be improved, as defined in § 541.15 or § 541.16 of this part. ...

  8. 32 CFR 644.30 - Preliminary real estate work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Preliminary real estate work. 644.30 Section 644... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies § 644.30 Preliminary real estate work. (a) Preliminary real estate work is defined as that action taken...

  9. 33 CFR 211.22 - Real estate Claims Officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate Claims Officers. 211..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate Claims § 211.22 Real estate Claims Officers. In each Division Office the Division...

  10. 33 CFR 211.2 - Authority to acquire real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authority to acquire real estate..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.2 Authority to acquire real estate. (a) Congressional authority...

  11. 12 CFR 365.2 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 365.2 Section... POLICY REAL ESTATE LENDING STANDARDS § 365.2 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each insured state... extensions of credit that are secured by liens on or interests in real estate, or that are made for...

  12. 12 CFR 34.62 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 34.62 Section 34.62 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Real Estate Lending Standards § 34.62 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each national bank...

  13. 7 CFR 795.9 - Estate or trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Estate or trust. 795.9 Section 795.9 Agriculture... PROVISIONS COMMON TO MORE THAN ONE PROGRAM PAYMENT LIMITATION General § 795.9 Estate or trust. (a) An estate or irrevocable trust shall be considered as one person except that, where two or more estates...

  14. Ethics in real estate practice: Education matters

    OpenAIRE

    Gethin Edwards; Gaye Pottinger

    2012-01-01

    The economic downturn has exposed pressure on real estate practices to cut corners and brought an increased focus on standards of competence and regulation. Todayís real estate graduates emerge into a highly competitive and difficult jobs market. Their first job can be all important, not only to the continuing development of their professional competence, but also to reinforcing their ethical stance and outlook that can determine success throughout the rest of their career. This is a main fin...

  15. TRERC-TEA [Texas Real Estate Research Center-Texas Education Agency] Real Estate Curriculum Workshop Committee Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    The document contains a summary report of a community college real estate teachers' workshop organized to develop course outlines for the various areas in the real estate curriculum. Curriculum outlines are presented, with varying degrees of detail included, for the following eight subjects: real estate appraisal; real estate brokage; real estate…

  16. Minerals Yearbook, volume I, Metals and Minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    2017-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Minerals Yearbook discusses the performance of the worldwide minerals and materials industries and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. Content of the individual Minerals Yearbook volumes follows:Volume I, Metals and Minerals, contains chapters about virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. Chapters on survey methods, summary statistics for domestic nonfuel minerals, and trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries in the United States are also included.Volume II, Area Reports: Domestic, contains a chapter on the mineral industry of each of the 50 States and Puerto Rico and the Administered Islands. This volume also has chapters on survey methods and summary statistics of domestic nonfuel minerals.Volume III, Area Reports: International, is published as four separate reports. These regional reports contain the latest available minerals data on more than 180 foreign countries and discuss the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations and the United States. Each report begins with an overview of the region’s mineral industries during the year. It continues with individual country chapters that examine the mining, refining, processing, and use of minerals in each country of the region and how each country’s mineral industry relates to U.S. industry. Most chapters include production tables and industry structure tables, information about Government policies and programs that affect the country’s mineral industry, and an outlook section.The USGS continually strives to improve the value of its publications to users. Constructive comments and suggestions by readers of the Minerals Yearbook are welcomed.

  17. Indirect investment in real estate: Listed companies and funds

    OpenAIRE

    Suarez, Jose L.; Vassalo, Amparo

    2005-01-01

    In Europe today, there are two main vehicles for indirect investment in real estate; real estate investment funds, on the one hand, and, on the other, listed real estate companies. With these instruments, not only does the investor take a position in the real estate market, he/she also acquires different risk/return structures which may vary according to the instrument being used. In some European countries, real estate companies have modified their financial structure and tax position by ado...

  18. 77 FR 19080 - Estate Tax; Estates of Decedents Dying After August 16, 1954

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 20 Estate Tax; Estates of Decedents Dying After August 16, 1954 CFR Correction 0 In Title 26 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 2 to 29, revised as of April 1, 2011,...

  19. 43 CFR 30.263 - May a surviving spouse reserve a life estate when a tribe exercises its statutory option to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false May a surviving spouse reserve a life... Interests Under Special Statutes § 30.263 May a surviving spouse reserve a life estate when a tribe... tribal purchase option is a surviving spouse, the spouse may reserve a life estate in one-half of...

  20. [The scientific support of public health institutions with the technology for the sociomedical assessment of the health of miners].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobets, G P; Zinger, F Kh; Kal'ianov, A V; Gadzhiev, G P

    1994-01-01

    Analysis of the scientific research activities of the Donetsk Research Centre of Occupational Hygiene and Prevention of Traumatism was carried out, which offered a basis for the development of technology for medicosocial assessment of morbidity involving temporary unfitness for work, occupational morbidity, invalidism and mortality among coal miners, risk for development of nonoccupational and occupational diseases, prevalence of IHD and other non-infectious diseases, functional status of the organism according to psychophysiological indices for those going to work in the mine, as well as of the state of undue fatigue and overstrain experienced by the miners. The analysis permits the above technology to be inaugurated in the health care establishments and research institutes.

  1. Strategy of Commercial Real Estate Market Development and Interests of the Region: Rostov Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kosarev Roman, V.

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The author discusses the features of the development of commercial real estate market in the Rostov region on the assumption of a relationship between the vector of entrepreneurial activity and the dynamics of supply and demand of real estate in the context of the public interest. The urgency of the problem is due to the institutional nature of commercial real estate in business development, which is neglected in the practice of public exposure due to lack of methodological support and instrumentality. Based on the self-organization of these dynamic models related economic systems in the economy of the region, a logical assessment of the trends of development of business in the consumer market in the context of the real estate needs as infrastructure is given. It allows to identify the main patterns of development and its specific regional features. Statistical evaluation of the cost of renting and buying commercial real estate in Rostov-on-Don city has helped to identify new strategies for business development, requiring the transformation of commercial property types, proposed in the framework of regional program with a focus on five trends of Global Power of Retailing 2015.

  2. Spanish Real Estate Bubble: A Classroom Experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Castello-Sirvent

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The European Higher Education Area (EHEA requires development of teaching methodologies that encourage active participation by students in the autonomous learning process, taking the figure of the professor as the mediator. On the other hand, the economy is a fundamental aspect in today’s society insofar that it contributes to explaining the behaviour of individuals. In this sense, the experimental economy applied in lecture rooms is presented as an innovative educational procedure that is perfectly adapted to university teaching, since it facilitates acquisition and consolidation of curricular knowledge and favours the development of capabilities by students, whilst at the same time improving the quality of teaching and has a positive impact on the interest students have in the subject. This paper describes the application of an economic experiment as an active learning method to prove the mechanisms used to set prices. The experience took place at the ESIC Business and Marketing School Valencia university centre, within the subject of “Spanish Economy” in Official Business Management and Administration degrees and in Marketing and Sales Management degrees. The starting point for this experience was the work by Radim Boháček (2002, adding changes aimed at empirically explaining inflation, the real estate bubble and subsequent economic crisis in Spain. The obtained results prove that this educational experience favours learning of the economic concepts students study, and stimulates proactive interest in the subject. From the obtained results a second experiment is proposed in order to consolidate concepts concerning price setting mechanisms in the presence of intervention by the Public Sector (taxes and subsidies or establishing incentives that model collusive behaviour leading to situations where market offers are concentrated in oligopolies.

  3. A model of real estate and psychological factors in decision-making to buy real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Grum

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the psychological characteristics of potential real estate buyers connected with their decision to buy. Through a review of research, it reveals that most studies of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate have a partial and dispersed orientation, and examine individual factors independently. It appears that the research area is lacking clearly defined models of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate that would integrally and relationally explain the role of psychological characteristics of real estate buyers and their expectations in relation to a decision to buy. The article identifies two sets of psychological factors, motivational and emotional, determines their interaction with potential buyers’ expectations when deciding to purchase real estate and offers starting points for forming a model.

  4. Divided Rights, Expanded Conflict: The Impact of Split Estates in Natural Gas Production

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, Alan R.; Nkansah, Kofi

    2013-01-01

    A survey was conducted of West Virginian land owners with completed, shale gas wells located on their property. The research objective was to determine if the separation of mineral from surface rights impacted satisfaction and problems with natural gas drilling. Split estate owners were found to have a statistically greater probability of reporting problems with drilling. Complaints by a neighbor and a residence located on the property were the only variables that consistently impacted satisf...

  5. Evaluation of tendered prices of natural mineral water, juice and non-alcoholic beer (public procurement research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataša Pomazalová

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to evaluate tender prices of chosen beverages according to public procurement based on secondary data analysis. The empirical results of analysis (t-test and F-test show that average annual prices of these beverages are different and collected data are not included in the same sample. Tender prices are different in each year of observed years, although are based on public tender. Important evidence is that for the public tenders in the abroad is obligatory use of the Czech public procurement law. According to this act the base evaluation criterion is the lowest offered price. Data were collected during the years 2005–2009. This study deals with empirical approach, variability of prices of chosen beverages based on public tenders between the Czech Republic (Ministry of Defence and local suppliers in Kosovo. Results show low variability of prices, which are based on public tender and legal approach, regulated public procurement. The research conclusion is the fact, that tender prices for piece of non-alcoholic beverage are less than 10 % from annual mean (pcs./CZK of tendered prices.

  6. Socio-economic development of territories based on the principles of public-private partnership in the sphere of comprehensive mineral exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikitenko, S. M.; Goosen, E. V.

    2017-09-01

    The article explores the possibility of using instruments of public-private partnership for a paradigm shift in subsoil use in the fuel and energy complex of Russia. The modern Russian fuel and energy complex (FEC) is characterized by high depreciation of production assets, technological inferiority compared to the developed countries, etc. The solution to all these problems seems to be closely connected with the transition from extensive use of natural resources to comprehensive mineral exploration (CME), with a stable socio-economic development of territories and mutually beneficial partnership between science, business and government based on the principles of public-private partnership (PPP). The article discussed the three main directions of PPP projects development in subsoil use. The first direction comprises the projects aimed at the establishment of core mineral resource businesses on the basis of concession agreements and production sharing contracts. The second direction concerns the projects focused on the development of territories and objects of industrial and social infrastructure in resource regions. The third direction is formed by the projects aimed at the development of new industries, focused on the creation of centers of innovative development, formation of markets for innovative products and innovative clusters in the energy industry.

  7. THE CONCEPTS ON QUALITY OF LIFE IN THE MARIBOR POST-WW2 HOUSING ESTATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanja Skalicky, Metka Sitar

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The paradigm of quality of life in housing depends on variousinterconnectedness functions, which satisfy not only the needsof dwellers but also the inhabitants of the city, in general. Inaddition, it is essential that the residential areas incorporatewell accessible and appropriately designed open public spaceand green areas. In regard to that, the chapter focuses onthe impacts of housing estate planning elements on qualityof life. Currently, open public space and green areas in thepost-WW2 housing estates are often used for other purposes,largely as a consequence of number of cars that has led toenormous parking problems. Two decades after the housingprivatization, the question of the ownership of green areasand related maintenance is often the cause of most adverseconflicts, arising from the misuse of open public space.Further, a special phenomenon, the influence of high-qualityScandinavian housing models on Slovenian urban planningand design of housing estates in the post¬-WW2 period willbe presented. The overview of multi-family housing estates inthe city of Maribor from this period raise new approach on thequality of life particularly in regard to open public space.

  8. Economic scenarios for the real estate market: Incorporating uncertainty and risk in real estate appraisals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carsten Lausberg

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Real estate appraisal is usually regarded as both a science and an art: “science” because the appraiser uses mathematical calculations and other objective elements, “art” because he also uses his experience and other subjective elements. This dual character requires—among others—that new insights from other disciplines and current trends are taken into account. The central proposition of the article is that this requirement is not met. The author provides evidence that real estate risk management has made tremendous progress since the mid-1990s which has not found its way into appraisal practice, thereby creating a situation where appraisals by risk analysts differ greatly from appraisals by real estate appraisers. According to the author the gap between real estate appraisal and risk analysis should be closed from both sides. The article begins with an overview of the most important trends which will impact real estate values in the future. From these trends, an exemplary economic scenario for European real estate markets is derived in order to demonstrate that scenario writing is a powerful tool for risk management. After that the author discusses some other methods of risk management and their potential benefits for real estate appraisal.

  9. The Real estate market: types of property and criteria for appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Breglia

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The increasing interest on the part of institutional investors in the yield potential of real estate assets highlights the importance of effective criteria for evaluation. Each segment of real estate needs its own appraisal procedure, which is determined according to the intended use of the property: residential, tertiary/offices, special use property. Special use properties are characterised by their individual nature, their particular intended use. They include university buildings, hospitals and barracks. These are all segments which are impossible to assess using criteria based on comparable sales or income capitalisation. Institutional investors are now particularly interested in asset divestment by the State and public bodies. The low level of risk of this kind of investment is likely to be particularly attractive to institutional players and could represent a good opportunity to revive the real estate market.

  10. Three Macro Controls Over China’s Real Estate Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The first macro control: to cool overheated real estate investment June 2003: The People’s Bank of China issued the Notice on Further Strengthening Credit and Loan Business Management of Real Estate

  11. Bubble of Real Estate Does Not Appear in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ The report newly issued by Citigroup enables the people in Beijing to feel consoling that Beijing does not appear bubble in real estate. But the bubble of real estate has appeared only in Shanghai, Tianjin,Shenyang and Ningbo.

  12. an examination of estate surveyors and valuers' perception of flood ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    2013-11-27

    Nov 27, 2013 ... Key words: Estate Surveyors, Perception, Flood risk, Residential ... financial service sector (banking, insurance, etc.) ... 1Department of Estate Management, College of Science .... institutions (Ayida-Otobo, 2009), Lagos State.

  13. China's Current Real Estate Cycle and Potential Financial Risks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaojing Zhang; Tao Sun

    2006-01-01

    The real estate cycle and financial stability are closely correlated. In light of global real estate bubbles, China's real estate cycle has attracted wide attention since 1998. The present paper analyzes three driving factors in the context of the current real estate cycle; namely,economic growth, macroeconomic environment and institutional establishment. Supported by econometric analysis using quarterly data from 1992-2004, the present paper indicates that real estate will develop steadily and that housing prices will consistently rise in the relative long run. Based on quantitative analysis, it is concluded that the implications of the current real estate cycle for financial stability include risks of real estate credit exposure,government guarantees and maturity mismatch. Some corresponding policy implications are discussed, such as advancing banking reform, encouraging the rational behavior of local governments and strengthening the regulation of foreign capital flows in and out of China's real estate industry.

  14. Real estate prices and bank stability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koetter, Michael; Poghosyan, Tigran

    Real estate prices can deviate from their fundamental value due to rigid supply, heterogeneity in quality, and various market imperfections, which have two contrasting effects on bank stability. Higher prices increase the value of collateral and net wealth of borrowers and thus reduce the likelihood

  15. Real estate prices and bank stability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koetter, Michael; Poghosyan, Tigran

    2010-01-01

    Real estate prices can deviate from their fundamental value due to rigid supply, heterogeneity in quality, and various market imperfections, which have two contrasting effects on bank stability. Higher prices increase the value of collateral and net wealth of borrowers and thus reduce the likelihood

  16. Real Estate Curriculum for Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Robert W.

    The Oregon Department of Education has prepared this curriculum guide to assist community college personnel in developing or upgrading real estate programs. This fast-growing field has demanded that community colleges analyze the course content of such programs so that they are relevant to the actual needs of the industry. An Advisory Committee…

  17. Why Real Estate Makes Sense for Endowments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiser, Arthur G., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    Attributes of real estate that make it a desirable investment for institutional endowment funds include the uniqueness of each property, its function as a hedge against inflation, its function in stabilizing portfolio volatility, and the potential for income and diversification. (MSE)

  18. Real Estate Curriculum for Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Robert W.

    The Oregon Department of Education has prepared this curriculum guide to assist community college personnel in developing or upgrading real estate programs. This fast-growing field has demanded that community colleges analyze the course content of such programs so that they are relevant to the actual needs of the industry. An Advisory Committee…

  19. 31 CFR 353.71 - Decedent's estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... proof of appointment for the legal representative of the estate is required. Letters of appointment must be dated not more than one year prior to the date of submission of the letters of appointment. (b... date of death. Administration may also be required at the discretion of the Department for any case....

  20. Ecological Modernisation of Industrial Estates in Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Phung Thuy Phuong,

    2002-01-01

    This research provides insights into environmental policy-making and management in Viet Nam, with special reference to industrial estates. It analyses the reasons behind the weaknesses of environmental policy-making and management in dealing with contemporary industrialisation and r

  1. Why Real Estate Makes Sense for Endowments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiser, Arthur G., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    Attributes of real estate that make it a desirable investment for institutional endowment funds include the uniqueness of each property, its function as a hedge against inflation, its function in stabilizing portfolio volatility, and the potential for income and diversification. (MSE)

  2. THE CONCEPT AND ESSENCE, THE STRUCTURE OF REAL ESTATE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar V. Hovsepyan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available With the help of the international research literature, and the legislative framework of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Armenia in the article reveals the basic concepts and the essence of the real estate market, as well as given the classification of real estate. Thoroughly explains the difference between the concepts of "real estate" and "real property". In the article considered the main elements which includes the structure of the real estate market.

  3. Real Estate Market Developments and Financal Sector Soundness

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Louis Ceriel Hilbers; Lisbeth S Zacho; Qin Lei

    2001-01-01

    This paper analyses the characteristics and functioning of real estate markets. It focuses on the relationship between developments in these markets and the financial sector to determine under what circumstances real estate booms and busts can develop and how they can affect the health and stability of the financial system. It concludes that unbalanced real estate price developments often contribute to financial sector distress and that trends in real estate markets should be monitored closel...

  4. New International Evidence on Real Estate as a Portfolio Diversifier

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Hoesli; Jon Lekander; Witold Witkiewicz

    2004-01-01

    This paper provides an international comparison of the benefits of including real estate assets in mixed-asset portfolios. Real estate returns are desmoothed using a variant of the Geltner (1993) approach, and Bayes-Stein estimators are used to increase the stability of portfolio weight estimations. Both unhedged and hedged analyses are conducted. Real estate is found to be an effective portfolio diversifier, and even more so when both domestic and international real estate assets are conside...

  5. Mineral commodity summaries 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ober, Joyce A.

    2017-01-31

    This report is the earliest Government publication to furnish estimates covering 2016 nonfuel mineral industry data. Data sheets contain information on the domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, and 5-year salient statistics for more than 90 individual minerals and materials.

  6. The Boom and Gloom of Real Estate Markets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Brounen (Dirk)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractReal estate markets around the world have earned a complicated reputation. On the one hand, real estate markets offer investors a wide spectrum of profitable investments opportunities, investments that nowadays can be executed by simply buying shares of stock listed by real estate invest

  7. 38 CFR 3.263 - Corpus of estate; net worth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Corpus of estate; net....263 Corpus of estate; net worth. (a) General. The following rules are for application in determining the corpus of estate of a parent where dependency is a factor under § 3.250, and the net worth of...

  8. Dutch direct real estate investments in private portfolios

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berkhout, T.M.; Geer, van der G.

    2005-01-01

    Direct real estate plays an important role in our daily lives. The place of direct real estate in the portfolio of a private investor is often limited however. The paper attempts to answer the question of how large the allocation to direct real estate should be to attain an optimal risk/return portf

  9. 24 CFR 266.400 - Property requirements-real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Property requirements-real estate... Mortgage and Closing Requirements; HUD Endorsement § 266.400 Property requirements—real estate. The mortgage must be on real estate held: (a) In fee simple; (b) Under a renewable lease of not less than 99...

  10. 7 CFR 1940.406 - Real estate settlement procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Real estate settlement procedures. 1940.406 Section... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Truth in Lending-Real Estate Settlement Procedures § 1940.406 Real estate settlement procedures. (a) General. This section provides the instructions...

  11. 24 CFR 100.50 - Real estate practices prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate practices prohibited....50 Real estate practices prohibited. (a) This subpart provides the Department's interpretation of... in, any multiple-listing service, real estate brokers' association, or other service organization or...

  12. Dutch direct real estate investments in private portfolios

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berkhout, T.M.; Geer, van der G.

    2005-01-01

    Direct real estate plays an important role in our daily lives. The place of direct real estate in the portfolio of a private investor is often limited however. The paper attempts to answer the question of how large the allocation to direct real estate should be to attain an optimal risk/return

  13. Knowingly taking risk: investment decision making in real estate development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gehner, E.

    2008-01-01

    Knowingly taking risk is essential to the success of the real estate development business. Investing in real estate development projects, which are characterised by complexity and uncertainty, implies that high risks are taken. Interestingly, little is known about how real estate development

  14. Information System Analysis and Building for Integrated Real Estate Business Management in Real Estate Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan M.M. Elmetwaly

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study discusses the problem of registration and following-up the real estate rental procedures of all kinds, always what we need is integrated information systems to meet our daily needs in the area of our business. Approach: Proposed information systems includes all of these processes necessary to manage and follow up real estate rental procedures of all different sizes and spaced locations. Results: It is taken into account when building real estate information systems that to be easy to use, quick in performance, serve all interests, serve all officials and help in having and supporting decisions. Such real estate information systems can be used in producing numerous daily, monthly and annual reports, which describes and shows the movement and workflow. Conclusion/Recommendations: The proposed real estate system is built by using oracle databases, it has been taken into account when building these systems the need to be linked to the international information network “the internet” due to what is offered of the unlimited number of electronic services, which facilitate the movement of transferring and exchanging real estate information for all users of these systems.

  15. 77 FR 56857 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Mortgage Program and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    ... order for HAs to be approved for a mortgage or security interest in any public housing real estate or... HUD for approval to allow PHAs to grant a mortgage in public housing real estate or a security... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING...

  16. Real estate space-territorial development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarchenko Vladimir Ivanovich

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Urbanization is one of the main sustainable tendencies of modern development. The contemporary state of real estate structure is characterized by high level of heterogeneity. In general, the consolidated design document of Moscow urban development, reconstruction and other forms of developing city territories doesn’t take into account the main tendencies of social and economic development, change of scales and structure of city production capacities, priorities of national economy development, or demand particularities, traditional and perspective preferences of citizens of different categories. The article focuses on systematization of basics of real estate space-territorial development strategic analysis. The author analyses the essence of analytical methods, their purpose, levels and analysis projections. The article emphasizes the estimation of economic effectiveness and revelation of urban environment development reserves.

  17. 7 CFR 1950.104 - Borrower owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by real estate. 1950.104 Section 1950.104 Agriculture... owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by real estate... borrowers with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans secured by real estate who...

  18. Public Housing Physical Inspection Scores

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — HUD's Real Estate Assessment Center conducts physical property inspections of properties that are owned, insured or subsidized by HUD, including public housing and...

  19. Physician alignment strategies and real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czerniak, Thomas A

    2012-06-01

    When addressing locations of facilities after acquiring physician practices, hospitals should: Acknowledge the hospital's ambulatory plan is the driver rather than real estate assumed with the physician practices, Review the hospital ambulatory service plan for each submarket, Review the location of facilities within the service area and their proximity to one another, Sublease or sell existing facilities that are not appropriate, Ensure that the size and characteristics of each facility in the market are appropriate and consistent with the hospital's image.

  20. Inca Royal Estates in the Sacred Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKim Malville, J.

    The royal estates lying between Cusco and Machu Picchu illustrate the remarkable variety by which the sun was honored and worshipped in the Inca Empire. The terraced basins of Moray combine the sun at both solstices and, perhaps, the zenith sun, with flowing water and offerings to Pachamama. The complex astronomy at Urubamba involves the palace of Quespiwanka, horizon pillars, solstices, and mountain worship. Ollantaytambo contains horizontal shadow-casting gnomons with a major water shrine.

  1. DO WE HAVE REAL ESTATE FOAMS?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Prop: "The Real Estate industry in Beijing has dept and average 16.3% lever of growth overthe past 5years.Additionally,the investment in real estatemakes up more than 60% of hte annual investment in nonliquid had increased by 9.8%.From the time when Beijinwas chosen to hold hte 2008 Olympic Games,the housingprice ing Beijing has doubled;however,the volume of busimess has already decreased.

  2. Real Estate Portfolio Diversification Using Economic Diversification

    OpenAIRE

    Mueller, Glenn R.; Barry A. Ziering

    1992-01-01

    Previous work on real estate portfolio diversification by location began with geographic region diversification and moved to economically defined regions (a combination of economics and geography). This work takes the next step by removing the arbitrary geographic restriction and looking at the local economic drivers of individual metropolitan areas as the key determinant for more efficient diversification. The results show that economic diversification can be a more effective diversification...

  3. MASS APPRAISAL AND REAL ESTATE TAXATION

    OpenAIRE

    VORONIN V. О.; LYANTSE E. V.

    2015-01-01

    Raising of problem. The government at the legislative level fixed the definition of market value for tax purposes as mandatory in the implementation of real estate transactions. In order to meet the requirements of ob- jectivity, uniformity and consistency of the results obtained during the evaluation procedures, as well as minimize the influence of subjective factors, there is a need to develop a methodology for evaluating an automated procedure for determining the estimated value of the pro...

  4. IMPLEMENTATION PAPER ON REAL ESTATE MONITORING SYSTEM

    OpenAIRE

    Sunidhi Kabra*, Vivek Mishra, Kshitiz Kesharwani, Shivaanshu Nagarkar

    2016-01-01

    With the enhancements in the Internet and computer technology, we are now able to do most of our work automatically, for example, e-wallet, online payments, etc. As a whole, Internet has made our lives simpler. Making use of modern day Internet and computer technologies, we have come up with an online system useful in the field of construction. Our concept, Real Estate Monitoring System, enables any individual constructor to automate the manual logs maintained at a construction site. By this ...

  5. A trajetória do Banco do Brasil no período recente, 2001-2006: banco público ou banco estatal "privado"? The recent path of the bank of Brazil, 2001-2006: public bank or "private" state-owned bank?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogerio Pereira de Andrade

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste texto é avaliar a performance do Banco do Brasil (BB no período 2001-2006, enfatizando os seguintes aspectos: O desempenho do BB correspondeu ao de um banco público tradicional que atua como um importante instrumento de governo para a promoção do desenvolvimento? Ou, ao invés disso, a trajetória recente do banco pode ser caracterizada pelo reforço de uma lógica privada de atuação? O texto procura levantar algumas questões relativas ao papel do Estado na atividade econômica, particularmente o papel que um grande banco estatal pode e deve ter para financiar o desenvolvimento em um país periférico (e desigual como o Brasil. A conclusão mais geral é que, desde meados dos anos 1980, o Banco do Brasil tem perdido crescentemente a função básica que costumava exercer como banco público.The purpose of this paper is to assess the performance of the Bank of Brazil (BB in the 2001-2006 period, with a focus on the following aspects: has the BB actually performed the role of a typical public bank, functioning as an important instrument to foster development in Brazil? Or, instead, has its recent path been characterised by the reinforcement of a private logic of behaviour? The paper aims at raising a few questions regarding the role of the state in the economic activity, particularly the role that a big state-owned bank can and must perform to finance development in a peripheral (and unequal country like Brazil. The general conclusion is that, since the mid-80s, the BB has increasingly lost the key function that it formerly exerted as a public bank. A distinct pattern of behaviour has emerged, characterised by the bank's transformation into a "more private, less public" institution.

  6. Gentrification and models for real estate analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianfranco Brusa

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This research propose a deep analysis of Milanese real estate market, based on data supplied by three real estate organizations; gentrification appears in some neighborhoods, such as Tortona, Porta Genova, Bovisa, Isola Garibaldi: the latest is the subject of the final analysis, by surveying of physical and social state of the area. The survey takes place in two periods (2003 and 2009 to compare the evolution of gentrification. The results of surveys has been employed in a simulation by multi-agent system model, to foresee long term evolution of the phenomenon. These neighborhood micro-indicators allow to put in evidence actual trends, conditioning a local real estate market, which can translate themselves in phenomena such as gentrification. In present analysis, the employ of cellular automata models applied to a neighborhood in Milan (Isola Garibaldi produced the dynamic simulation of gentrification trend during a very long time: the cyclical phenomenon (one loop holds a period of twenty – thirty years appears sometimes during a theoretical time of 100 – 120 – 150 years. Simulation of long period scenarios by multi-agent systems and cellular automata provides estimator with powerful tool, without limits in implementing it, able to support him in appraisal judge. It stands also to reason that such a tool can sustain urban planning and related evaluation processes.

  7. MASS APPRAISAL AND REAL ESTATE TAXATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VORONIN V. О.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Raising of problem. The government at the legislative level fixed the definition of market value for tax purposes as mandatory in the implementation of real estate transactions. In order to meet the requirements of objectivity, uniformity and consistency of the results obtained during the evaluation procedures, as well as minimize the influence of subjective factors, there is a need to develop a methodology for evaluating an automated procedure for determining the estimated value of the property based on its market value. To solve this problem, we use special techniques and methods of mass appraisal that incorporates computer-supported statistical analyses, such as multiple regression analysis and adaptive estimation procedure for use in the field of property valuation and property rights. Purpose. Realization of this goal involves the development of the concept of a computer-assisted mass appraisal. The basis of this concept is an adaptive hybrid models of market pricing in different market segments that incorporates software adaptive algorithms for determining the market value by the three evaluation approaches using the results of a multi-level real estate market analysis. It was proposed the utility automated valuation models which is intended for the implementation of a computerized real estate valuation based on the developed software adaptive algorithms. Con-clusion. To achieve this goal have been developed and used concepts underlying of computerized mass appraisal. The basis of this concept is adaptive hybrid pricing models in various segments of the real estate market of Ukraine. The problem is solved by the application of the developed software-based adaptive algorithms for determining the market value of three evaluation approaches using the results of a multi-level analysis of the real estate market. It was pro-posed the model of automated appraisal, according to it was implemented computerization of appraisal procedures on the

  8. Barometer maatschappelijk vastgoed : Public real estate international 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veuger, Jan

    2015-01-01

    Na de diverse thematieken van de afgelopen jaren Trends en ontwikkelingen in maatschappelijk vastgoed (2011), Onderzoeken en visie (2012), Onderzoeken en perspectieven op maatschappelijk en financieel rendement (2013) en Maatschappelijk Verantwoord Ondernemen (2014) kunnen we de scope van de 8e Baro

  9. Public rules about using and owning real estate in Cuba

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.N. Femández (Ricardo)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe discussion on urban land continues to be absent in most of the specialized Cuban literature about planning and economic policies, despite its relevance. In very thorough essays about the present challenges and future development of the Cuban economy, nothing is said about the need fo

  10. Application based on ArcObject inquiry and Google maps demonstration to real estate database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, JinTsong

    2007-06-01

    Real estate industry in Taiwan has been flourishing in recent years. To acquire various and abundant information of real estate for sale is the same goal for the consumers and the brokerages. Therefore, before looking at the property, it is important to get all pertinent information possible. Not only this beneficial for the real estate agent as they can provide the sellers with the most information, thereby solidifying the interest of the buyer, but may also save time and the cost of manpower were something out of place. Most of the brokerage sites are aware of utilizes Internet as form of media for publicity however; the contents are limited to specific property itself and the functions of query are mostly just provided searching by condition. This paper proposes a query interface on website which gives function of zone query by spatial analysis for non-GIS users, developing a user-friendly interface with ArcObject in VB6, and query by condition. The inquiry results can show on the web page which is embedded functions of Google Maps and the UrMap API on it. In addition, the demonstration of inquiry results will give the multimedia present way which includes hyperlink to Google Earth with surrounding of the property, the Virtual Reality scene of house, panorama of interior of building and so on. Therefore, the website provides extra spatial solution for query and demonstration abundant information of real estate in two-dimensional and three-dimensional types of view.

  11. Commercial real estate development and valuation in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Schoenmaker, Dennis Albert Jan

    2016-01-01

    In the past three decades, financial deregulation, or the process of removing governmental rules controlling the way that financial organizations operate, has facilitated interconnections between commercial real estate markets, the financial sector and national economic markets. As a result, commercial real estate has become an important ‘financial’ asset in the investment portfolios of both national and international investors. In this thesis I analyse different key aspects of the real estat...

  12. FINANCIAMIENTO ESTATAL PARA LOS PROCESOS ELECTORALES MUNICIPALES

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    A partir de un breve repaso de las últimas reformas jurídicas al régimen electoral, tanto del Código Municipal como del Código Electoral, el artículo describe el nuevo sistema de financiamiento estatal que se ha dispuesto para apoyar económicamente a los partidos políticos que participan en los procesos electorales municipales y que, antes de la entrada en vigencia del nuevo Código Electoral, no existía. Haciendo énfasis en las características legales de ese nuevo sistema de finan...

  13. PENERAPAN ANALISIS DU PONT PADA INDUSTRI PROPERTY DAN REAL ESTATE

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Novita Ratna Satiti

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana analisis Du Pont System menilai kinerja keuangan industry property dan real estate, apakah analisis tersebut dapat mengetahui perusahaan mana yang...

  14. The comparison and analysis of real estate operation in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张跃松

    2004-01-01

    This paper raises the comparison method of operational stages of the real estate market. In order to select similar operational stages, we established an analysis model by applying fuzzy grade-of-membership clustering in this paper. Firstly, we select the materials information of the real estate market in America, Germany and Japan. Secondly, the real estate markets of America, Germany and Japan are divided into several different stages. Lastly, we apply the method of fuzzy grade-of-membership clustering to select comparable stages. The result of analysis indicates that the real estate market of Japan and Germany (1960-1980) are similar to the market in China.

  15. Strategic real-estate planning can generate revenue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, D; Hays, S

    2001-12-01

    Many healthcare organizations treat their real estate as liabilities rather than assets and overlook opportunities to generate significant additional revenue and reduce costs. An Ernst & Young Study found that to maximize the return on investment in their real-estate holdings, healthcare organizations need to include property management in their strategic plan, manage construction and expansion effectively, adapt and reuse their facilities where possible, and pursue innovative real-estate strategies. Managing real-estate assets effectively can free up capital to use for other core business needs.

  16. Real Estate development between stagnation and modernisation: The uncertain real estate market

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soeter, J.P.; De Jong, P.

    2012-01-01

    After a historical peak in 2001 the Dutch non-residential real estate market is characterized by growing vacancy, discontinuity of building construction and uncertainty about development opportunities. The recession in 2008/2009 -and again in 2011/2012- strengthens the uncertainties about the future

  17. Review of the terminology used in the public exhibition of Spanish minerals at the Museum of Geomining (Geological Survey of Spain, Madrid); Revision de la terminologia utilizada en la exposicion publica de minerales espanoles del Museo Geominero (IGME, Madrid)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lozano, R. P.; Jimenez Martinez, R.; Gonzalez laguna, R.; Paradas, A.; Baeza, E.

    2011-07-01

    The terms used to identify minerals in public exhibitions usually depends primarily upon the textural, chemical and/or structural problems related to their classification. Furthermore, the label attached to any specimen can only contain a limited amount of information, thus limiting still more the specimen's complete identification. We have examined this problem with the intention of achieving greater rigour in mineral classification whilst at the same time providing the public with the most complete information possible. Five recurring problems encountered in the permanent collections of the Spanish Museum of Geomining in Madrid have been dealt with (allowing the reader to become a virtual visitor): a) specimens made up of several species; b) specimens composed of minerals that form solid-solutions; c) mixed materials of low crystallinity; d) specimens with chemical or structural zones; and e) specimens showing evidence of pseudomorphosis. The minerals involved are common and come from sites in Spain of interest to museums, collectors or commercial ventures. We have only undertaken analyses, using X-ray diffraction, when the information available is non-existent or insufficient. The suggestions made and decisions adopted may help in the labelling of other collections both public and private. (Author) 60 refs.

  18. Mineral facilities of Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almanzar, Francisco; Baker, Michael S.; Elias, Nurudeen; Guzman, Eric

    2010-01-01

    This map displays over 1,700 records of mineral facilities within the countries of Europe and western Eurasia. Each record represents one commodity and one facility type at a single geographic location. Facility types include mines, oil and gas fields, and plants, such as refineries, smelters, and mills. Common commodities of interest include aluminum, cement, coal, copper, gold, iron and steel, lead, nickel, petroleum, salt, silver, and zinc. Records include attributes, such as commodity, country, location, company name, facility type and capacity (if applicable), and latitude and longitude geographical coordinates (in both degrees-minutes-seconds and decimal degrees). The data shown on this map and in table 1 were compiled from multiple sources, including (1) the most recently available data from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Minerals Yearbook (Europe and Central Eurasia volume), (2) mineral statistics and information from the USGS Minerals Information Web site (http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/europe.html), and (3) data collected by the USGS minerals information country specialists from sources, such as statistical publications of individual countries, annual reports and press releases of operating companies, and trade journals. Data reflect the most recently published table of industry structure for each country at the time of this publication. Additional information is available from the country specialists listed in table 2.

  19. Real estate price peaks: a comparative overview

    CERN Document Server

    Röhner, B M

    2006-01-01

    First, we emphasize that the real estate price peaks which are currently under way in many industrialized countries (one important exception is Japan) share many of the characteristics of previous historical price peaks. In particular, we show that: (i) In the present episode real price increases are, at least for now, of the same order of magnitude as in previous episodes, typically of the order of 80 percent to 100 percent. (ii) Historically, price peaks turned out to be symmetrical with respect to the peak; soft landing, i.e. an upgoing phase followed by a plateau, has rarely (if ever) been observed. (iii) The inflated demand is mainly boosted by investors and high-income buyers. (iv) In the present as well as in previous episodes, the main engines in the upgoing phase have been the hot markets which developed in major cities such as London, Los Angeles, New York, Paris, San Francisco or Sydney. In our conclusion, we propose a prediction for real estate prices in the West of the United States over the peri...

  20. Mineral oils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furby, N. W.

    1973-01-01

    The characteristics of lubricants made from mineral oils are discussed. Types and compositions of base stocks are reviewed and the product demands and compositions of typical products are outlined. Processes for commercial production of mineral oils are examined. Tables of data are included to show examples of product types and requirements. A chemical analysis of three types of mineral oils is reported.

  1. 43 CFR 8.5 - Mineral rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mineral rights. 8.5 Section 8.5 Public... INTERIOR AND OF THE ARMY RELATIVE TO RESERVOIR PROJECT LANDS § 8.5 Mineral rights. Mineral, oil and gas rights will not be acquired except where the development thereof would interfere with project...

  2. Xu Weiping: Pioneer in New Economy Real Estate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      In Xu's mind, ABP is different from real estate in its conventional sense.lt bears an analogy to a computer sustaining a network, in which real estate is hardware, resident companies (moving into ABP) are softwares, and the headquarters economy system is the network.……

  3. Xu Weiping: Pioneer in New Economy Real Estate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ In Xu's mind, ABP is different from real estate in its conventional sense.lt bears an analogy to a computer sustaining a network, in which real estate is hardware, resident companies (moving into ABP) are softwares, and the headquarters economy system is the network.

  4. State regulation of services in real estate market of Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Medovy

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper defines role of state in regulation framework of real estate market of Russia. Factors influencing on decreasing state regulatory level are analyzed. The author describes role and significance of administrative and economic methods of state regulation in real estate market. Some policy measures are recommended to improve regulatory environment.

  5. Buying and leasing real estate for veterinary hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salzsieder, Karl R

    2006-03-01

    The major factors to be considered in the real estate purchase decision are the interest rate, the depreciation schedule, the property appreciation, the income tax impact, and the impact of paying a principal payment as part of the real estate mortgage. All these factors must be compared with the costs of leasing.

  6. The Transmission of Real Estate Shocks Through Multinational Banks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bertay, A.C.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: This paper investigates the credit supply of banks in response to domestic and foreign real estate price changes. Using a large international dataset of multinational banks, we find evidence of a significant transmission of domestic real estate shocks into lending abroad. A 1% decrease in

  7. Real estate development for a chaning user market

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soeter, J.P.; De Jong, P.; Van de Water, T.

    2011-01-01

    The recent collapse of the non-residential real estate development & construction market rises the question, what the future demand will be for real estate space and how these will influence future development activities. The aim of this research is to provide a framework for stock-flow analysis and

  8. 15 CFR 806.11 - Estates, trusts, and intermediaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... affiliate. (3) If a particular foreign direct investment in the United States is held, exercised... (Continued) BUREAU OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DIRECT INVESTMENT SURVEYS § 806.11 Estates... direct investment, and the estate, not the beneficiary, is considered to be the owner. (b) A...

  9. Real Estate Appraising. A Suggested Adult Education Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Continuing Education Curriculum Development.

    Developed to assist teachers of classes in real estate appraisal and to help students prepare for professional qualification, this guide presents 12 lessons which may be taught in 15 two-hour sessions. The twelve lessons are (1) The Appraisal of Real Estate, (2) Real Property Value, (3) Basic Principles of Real Property Value, (4) The Appraisal…

  10. The Council Estate: Representation, Space and the Potential for Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beswick, Katie

    2011-01-01

    The image of the archetypal housing estate is often used in popular representation, from documentary and television to music video, to symbolise the urban "grit" of contemporary inner-city life. In the theatre, urban political and "working-class" drama has been set on or around estates in attempts to deconstruct or expose the…

  11. The Transmission of Real Estate Shocks Through Multinational Banks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bertay, A.C.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: This paper investigates the credit supply of banks in response to domestic and foreign real estate price changes. Using a large international dataset of multinational banks, we find evidence of a significant transmission of domestic real estate shocks into lending abroad. A 1% decrease in

  12. The Council Estate: Representation, Space and the Potential for Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beswick, Katie

    2011-01-01

    The image of the archetypal housing estate is often used in popular representation, from documentary and television to music video, to symbolise the urban "grit" of contemporary inner-city life. In the theatre, urban political and "working-class" drama has been set on or around estates in attempts to deconstruct or expose the impact of life on…

  13. Real estate development for a chaning user market

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soeter, J.P.; De Jong, P.; Van de Water, T.

    2011-01-01

    The recent collapse of the non-residential real estate development & construction market rises the question, what the future demand will be for real estate space and how these will influence future development activities. The aim of this research is to provide a framework for stock-flow analysis and

  14. FINANCIAMIENTO ESTATAL PARA LOS PROCESOS ELECTORALES MUNICIPALES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Robles Leal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de un breve repaso de las últimas reformas jurídicas al régimen electoral, tanto del Código Municipal como del Código Electoral, el artículo describe el nuevo sistema de financiamiento estatal que se ha dispuesto para apoyar económicamente a los partidos políticos que participan en los procesos electorales municipales y que, antes de la entrada en vigencia del nuevo Código Electoral, no existía. Haciendo énfasis en las características legales de ese nuevo sistema de financiamiento, a partir de las diferencias con el sistema de financiamiento estatal para los partidos políticos que participan en los procesos electorales nacionales, refiere la jurisprudencia del TSE en la materia, destacando que la primera resolución del Tribunal, que ordenó girar recursos del Estado, fue precisamente para un partido político inscrito en el nivel cantonal. Finalmente, partiendo de la tesis de que la ausencia de financiamiento estatal para los procesos electorales municipales constituyó una barrera para la profundización democrática costarricense, por lo que su inclusión representa un avance en el fortalecimiento de los derechos políticos de la ciudadanía, los autores concluyen con algunas recomendaciones de carácter legislativo, con el fin de fortalecer este régimen de financiamiento, principalmente por la vía de su sistematización y equiparación con el financiamiento para procesos electorales nacionales, con la expectativa de robustecer las plataformas partidarias y profundizar, así, nuestra cultura democrática en el nivel local. Se anexa cuadro con la lista de los partidos políticos a los que ya se ordenó girar el financiamiento indicado, que desglosa los montos totales y porcentuales, así como los montos que no pudieron ser liquidados y que regresan al erario.

  15. 32 CFR 644.5 - Mineral Acquisition Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Civil Works § 644.5 Mineral Acquisition Practices. (a... interests and their subordination to primary project purposes in any given project. The initial planning... acid drainage. (3) Take steps to insure that Corps personnel in charge of the project are familiar...

  16. 76 FR 30396 - Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, TX; Amended...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... Financial Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, TX; Amended Certification Regarding... of Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, Texas (subject firm... Financial Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, Texas who were adversely affected by a...

  17. 78 FR 24227 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request: Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request: Real Estate Settlement... information: Title of Proposal: Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) Disclosures. OMB Control Number... 24 CFR part 3500, require real estate settlement service providers to give homebuyers certain...

  18. 75 FR 71724 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Solicitation of Information on Changes in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Solicitation of Information on Changes... currently operates within residential real estate mortgage transactions. HUD welcomes input from warehouse... operates within residential real estate mortgage transactions. HUD particularly seeks input from the...

  19. Portfolio Diversification Benefits Using Real Estate Investment Trusts - An Experiment with US Common Stocks, Equity Real Estate Investment Trusts, and Mortgage Real Estate Investment Trusts

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rafiq Bhuyan; James L Kuhle; Talla Mohammed Al-Deehani; Munir Mahmood

    2015-01-01

    ...) and common stock in portfolio diversification. In particular, we examine the effects of risk-reduction benefits through diversifying among common stocks via Equity Real Estate Investment Trusts (EREITs...

  20. Mineral Commodity Summaries 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    2008-01-01

    Each chapter of the 2008 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, 5-year salient statistics, and world production and resources. The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2007 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by two-page synopses. National reserves and reserve base information for most mineral commodities found in this report, including those for the United States, are derived from a variety of sources. The ideal source of such information would be comprehensive evaluations that apply the same criteria to deposits in different geographic areas and report the results by country. In the absence of such evaluations, national reserves and reserve base estimates compiled by countries for selected mineral commodities are a primary source of national reserves and reserve base information. Lacking national assessment information by governments, sources such as academic articles, company reports, common business practice, presentations by company representatives, and trade journal articles, or a combination of these, serve as the basis for national reserves and reserve base information reported in the mineral commodity sections of this publication. A national estimate may be assembled from the following: historically reported reserves and reserve base information carried for years without alteration because no new information is available; historically reported reserves and reserve base reduced by the amount of historical production; and company reported reserves. International minerals availability studies conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Mines, before 1996, and estimates of identified resources by an international collaborative effort (the International Strategic Minerals

  1. Advertising Model of Residential Real Estate Object in Lithuania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Mazaj

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Since the year 2000, during the period of economic growth, the real estate market has been rapidly expanding. During this period advertising of real estate objects was implemented using one set of similar channels (press advertising, Internet advertising, leaflets with contact information of real estate agents and others, however the start of the economic recession has intensified the competition in the market and forced companies to search for new advertising means or to diversify the advertising package. The article presents real estate property, as a product, one of the marketing components – including advertising, conclusions and suggestions based on conducted surveys and a model for advertising the residential real estate objects.Article in Lithuanian

  2. Real estate, assets and taxes: some considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. PALADINI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available There are two propositions in Italy for which there is broad consensus among both scholars and among economic policy makers. The first is that, with respect to other countries, the tax burden is relatively low compared to the share of government expenditure, and therefore increase the levy is necessary, in addition to spending reductions. The second is that this increase in taxation should be done so as not to hit the incomes of middle-income workers, on which the tax burden is already high and has grown considerably in recent years. An increase in the taxes in the real estate sector is thus an attractive proposition and indeed reform in this area is one of the most debated issues in recent years. In the present work the author offers several observations to show how some of the choices related to this issue, however, should be framed in a broader view which invests more general options.

  3. STRUKTUR PERUSAHAAN DAN PROFITABILITAS PADA INDUSTRI REAL ESTATE DAN PROPERTY DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fadjar O.P. Siahaan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Real estate & property industry was a sector which had difficult characteristics to predict and high risk. WhenEconomy growth was high, it was booming and tended to be over supplied and the main capital was generallygot through bank loans. The purpose of this research was to analyze the impact of firm structure consisting ofthe firm size, firm age, capital structure, and stock ownership toward profitability measured using ROI andROE. The sample was selected using purposive sampling with 120 observations from 52 real estate & propertycompanies listed in Indonesian Stock Exchange in 2009 – 2011. By using multiple regression, the result of thisresearch showed that firm size had positive significant effect on ROI and ROE; firm age had negative significanteffect on ROI but it did not have significant effect on ROE; capital structure had positive significant effecton ROE but did not have significant effect on ROI; public ownership had negative significant effect on ROIand ROE.

  4. PROTECTION FROM INFLATION BY INVESTING IN REAL ESTATES, ALBANIAN CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina KRIPA

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays investing in Real Estates is one of the main investing alternatives. It has spread fast in all the international markets, and has evolved in other indirect tools of investing, based on the investors’ demands and a country’s economic situation. Investing in Real Estates has become an attractive alternative because it offers protection from Inflation and also diversification. Therefore, the increase in these assets’ prices, and the increase in Inflation at the same time, provides the investor with high rate of returns from his portfolio. Even the periodic income from the rent, reflects the changes in Inflation. As a result, reviewing the literature, we conclude that Real Estates are protective in inflationist periods. The income from Real Estates tends to increase faster in inflationist environments, allowing the investor to keep real rates of returns. Real Estates have always behaved different from bonds, options and stocks. Real Estates have their particular life cycle, which is distinguished by the boom and bust periods, in particular The Commercial Real Estate in the 80’ and The Residential Real Estate in the 2008 crisis. Usually Real Estates have a low correlation with other classes of assets. This makes investors invest more in Real Estates, and now it is normal for an investor with passive or active strategy to own more than one Real Estate for profit intentions. This topic has been chosen in order to understand in details the relationship between Real Estates and Inflation in Albania. To explain this relationship, it has been used the model of a linear regression. It has been identified The House Price Index (a representative of Real Estates in Albania as a dependent variable and Inflation as an independent variable. From this model, we conclude that there is a positive and linear relationship between The Price Index and Inflation. In conclusion, if the economy has Inflation and the GDP Deflator increases by 1 %, then The

  5. Social Impacts of the Marking Scheme in Public Housing in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yau, Yung

    2012-01-01

    To improve environmental hygiene in public housing estates in Hong Kong, the Housing Department launched the Marking Scheme for Tenancy Enforcement in Public Housing Estates in 2003. The marking scheme operates as a penalty-point system where sitting tenants will be expelled from their public housing units if they receive penalty points up to a…

  6. Towards a listed real estate investment valuation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douw Gert Brand Boshoff

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a Listed Real Estate Investment Valuation Model that was developed to investigate the movement in indirect real estate investment through the consideration of the underlying assets of property loan stock companies. Specific reference is given to information that is made available to shareholders by way of annual financial statements in order to determine the extent to which shareholders can make investment decisions based on this information. The study enhances the knowledge of direct vs. indirect real estate investment behaviour and provides more insight into price discovery in the property sector.

  7. Atypical real estate objects: legal regime and control system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voskresenskaya Elena

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The legal concept of immovable things raises controversy in legal practice. Determining and understanding the definition of real estate, the complexity and diversity of these objects, a growing appearance of so-called atypical properties (such as sport stadiums, roads, boreholes, analyzing legislation and judicial practice of this field – all these issues call for a deep study of this topic. There is a conflicting arbitration practice, the subject of which is the learning of the legal nature of atypical real estate (for instance, asphalt playgrounds, car parks, fences, wells. The object of the research is the learning of the legal status of atypical real estate.

  8. Quality of effluents from Hattar Industrial Estate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SIAL R.A.; CHAUDHARY M.F.; ABBAS S.T.; LATIF M.I.; KHAN A.G.

    2006-01-01

    Of 6634 registered industries in Pakistan, 1228 are considered to be highly polluting. The major industries include textile, pharmaceutical, chemicals (organic and inorganic), food industries, ceramics, steel, oil mills and leather tanning which spread all over four provinces, with the larger number located in Sindh and Punjab, with smaller number in North Western Frontier Province (NWFP) and Baluchistan. Hattar Industrial Estate extending over 700 acres located in Haripur district of NWFP is a new industrial estate, which has been developed with proper planning for management of industrial effluents. The major industries located in Hattar are ghee industry, chemical (sulfuric acid, synthetic fiber) industry, textile industry and pharmaceuticals industry.These industries, although developed with proper planning are discharging their effluents in the nearby natural drains and ultimately collected in a big drain near Wah. The farmers in the vicinity are using these effluents for growing vegetables and cereal crops due to shortage of water. In view of this discussion, there is a dire need to determine ifthese effluents are hazardous for soil and plant growth. So, effluents from different industries, sewage and normal tap water samples were collected and analysed for pH,electrical conductivity (EC), total soluble salts (TSS), biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen, cations and anions and heavy metals. The effluents of ghee and textile industries are highly alkaline. EC and TSS loads of ghee and textile industries are also above the National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS), Pakistan. All the effluents had residual sodium carbonates (RSCs), carbonates and bicarbonates in amounts that cannot be used for irrigation. Total toxic metals load in all the effluents is also above the limit i.e. 2.0 mg/L. Copper in effluents of textile and sewage, manganese in ghee industry effluents and iron contents in all the effluents were higher

  9. Conceptual design of dedicated road lighting for city park and housing estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Rengmao; Li, Kan; Liu, Peng; Zheng, Zhenrong; Li, Haifeng; Liu, Xu

    2013-07-20

    We propose dedicated road lighting, which is significantly superior to the existing lighting technologies for the city park and housing estate. This dedicated lighting employs freeform surfaces to effectively control the optical field of the LED source to produce three kinds of illumination modes for the curved road, straight road, and the small public square, respectively, perfectly matching the road conditions of the city park and housing estate. A mathematical model of freeform illumination design is presented to achieve a conceptual design of this road lighting, and a numerical technology for solving this design problem is introduced for the first time, to our knowledge. An illumination model of this conceptual design is constructed. The experimental results of the conceptual design tally closely with the target. This dedicated road lighting, integrated with energy saving, healthy lighting and artistic beauty, provides a beautiful landscape for the city park and the housing estate at night, and will play an important role in improving quality of life of the urban inhabitants.

  10. Determinants of voluntary carbon disclosure in the corporate real estate sector of Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalu, Joseph Ufere; Buang, Alias; Aliagha, Godwin Uche

    2016-11-01

    Corporate real estate management holds the tent that risk which is not understood cannot be measured or managed. The effect of global warming on real estate investment and need for climate change mitigation through disclosures by companies of carbon emission information has becomes a sine-qua-non for the management of companies' carbon footprint and reducing its overall effect on global warming. This study applied the structural equation modeling technique to determine the determinants influencing Carbon Disclosure in Real Estate Companies in a developing economy. The analysis was based on 2013 annual reports of 126 property sector companies listed in Malaysia stock exchange market. The model was validated through convergent validity, discriminant validity, composite reliability and goodness of fit. The result reveals that social and financial market were critical determinant factors for carbon disclosure while the economic and institutional factors did not achieve significant effect on voluntary carbon disclosure. The result is consistent with legitimacy theory and agency theories. The implication of this finding is that increase in public education and awareness will enhance community demand for disclosure from companies and they will increase level of disclosure; also as financial institutions consider sustainability practice as a viable investment and term for credit financing, companies will be motivated to increase disclosure. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Housing improvement and self-reported mental distress among council estate residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Richard; Evans, Sherrill; Huxley, Peter; Gately, Claire; Rogers, Anne

    2005-06-01

    This paper is concerned with how housing improvements instigated either publicly or privately influence the degree of psychological stress reported by council estate residents in South Manchester. Stress is measured on the GHQ12 scale containing standard symptomatic items. Potential sources of variation in this indicator are analysed within a geographical setting where repeated samples of residents were drawn from two adjacent suburban council housing estates before and after the implementation of a single regeneration budget (SRB) housing initiative in late 1999. The residents of one of these estates (Wythenshawe) were targeted by this funding while those in the other (Mersey Bank) were not. The latter, therefore, serve as a control for the effects of the enhanced incidence of housing improvement activity promoted by this SRB. Regression analyses revealed that stress was raised significantly among the SRB residents perhaps on account of the additional environmental nuisance they encountered. The experience of stress among all residents, however, was dominated by measures of personal psychosocial risk and it is argued that future regeneration initiatives should address the manifestation of these risks in the effort to achieve better mental health.

  12. Outlier free Real Estate Predictive Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geetali Banerji

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Studying human behaviour is a difficult task for many reasons:-The reasons are ranging from an intentional task to a cognitive sign, which are processes other than those of interest occurring at the same time. The processes can be psychological, social constraint and all cognitive. The processes operated in the background and have either some time no effect on the collective data or they may reflect the results occasionally. All those undesired behaviours produce measurable responses sometimes happens to be correct by chance. Some responses however may attract attention due to their unusual aspects, denoted as outliers. If not properly handled the outliers in the design phase the resultants may affect the resultant inferences or the experimental outcome at initial stage. Thus, it is required to treat the outliers before it is too late in the design phase itself. The influence of outliers is more importance if the sample size is small with the examined statistics, which is less robust. In this paper, we have detected the outlier patterns in the Real Estate era and removed it up to a great degree, which not only reflects the drastic change in the results but also improves the rules formation. Thus, we provide a structure and comprehensive overview of the research on outlier detection.

  13. New vegetation map of Castelporziano presidential estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Della Rocca, Antonio B.; Pignatti, Sandro; Bianco, Pietro M.; Mugnoli, Stefano

    2003-03-01

    The 'Tenuta di Castelporziano' (Castelporziano Presidential Estate) is an important area for the study of Mediterranean coastal and dune ecosystems. The need of providing a new and detailed Vegetation Map rose for the environmental monitoring of that area and its efficient management. All activities were developed using remote sensing images acquired by a new 12 band DAEDALUS sensor, in the course of a specific monitoring aero-campaign organized by ENEA. The realization of the map, lasted one year, can be divided into two blocks: (1)remote sensing image processing methodologies, developed at the ENEA-Casaccia Research Center (Rome), by experts of Remote Sensing Department; and (2) 'in situ' work, realized by ecologists and botanical experts of University of Rome 'La Sapienza'. Image processing steps were organized as follows: (i) geometric correction and georeferencing of the images; (ii) classification; (iii) mosaicking; (iv) conversion into vector layer and editing. As concerns image processing, ERDAS/IMAGINE system was used, while ARC/INFO system was used for vector layers management and map printing. At the end of all activities the map accuracy was tested by a statistical procedure: the global accuracy was about of 88%. The map is integrated in a information system (SITAC), a GIS realized by ENEA.

  14. Outlier free Real Estate Predictive Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geetali Banerji

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Studying human behaviour is a difficult task for many reasons:-The reasons are ranging from an intentional task to a cognitive sign, which are processes other than those of interest occurring at the same time. The processes can be psychological, social constraint and all cognitive. The processes operated in the background and have either some time no effect on the collective data or they may reflect the results occasionally. All those undesired behaviours produce measurable responses sometimes happens to be correct by chance. Some responses however may attract attention due to their unusual aspects, denoted as outliers. If not properly handled the outliers in the design phase the resultants may affect the resultant inferences or t he experimental outcome at initial stage. Thus, it is required to treat the outliers before it is too late in the design phase itself. The influence of outliers is more importance if the sample size is small with the examined statistics, which is less robust. In this paper, we have detected the outlier patterns in the Real Estate era and removed it up to a great degree, which not only reflects the drastic change in the results but also improves the rules formation. Thus, we provide a structure and comprehensive overview of the research on outlier detection.

  15. Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) (Lease)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) is the primary tool used by PBS to track and manage the government's real property assets and to store inventory data,...

  16. Towards a Real Estate Monitoring Information System in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul de Vries

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the construction of real estate databases and the valuation of properties in Buzau, Romania. One of the criteria for candidate states for EU membership is an effective monitoring system for the land and real estate markets.The objective of this paper is twofold. First, the development of a set of databases, procedures and guidelines that enables a valuation process on the Romanian real estate market and secondly, using those databases, to gain insight into the real market value of recently sold properties. We use the observations of estate agents and banks starting in May 2007. Using hedonic regression, with house andneighbourhood characteristics, we estimate the house prices

  17. Commercial real estate development and valuation in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoenmaker, Dennis Albert Jan

    2016-01-01

    In the past three decades, financial deregulation, or the process of removing governmental rules controlling the way that financial organizations operate, has facilitated interconnections between commercial real estate markets, the financial sector and national economic markets. As a result, commerc

  18. Success and fail factors in sustainable real estate renovation projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Volker, L.

    2011-01-01

    Sustainability remains an important issue for the construction industry. Yet, sustainable real estate developments are still considered as highly ambitious projects. To find out how and why sustainable renovation projects actually became sustainable we systematically evaluated 21 leading Dutch real

  19. Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) Inventory (Building)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) is the primary tool used by PBS to track and manage the government's real property assets and to store inventory data,...

  20. Aquatic Resources Awareness Course for Real Estate Appraisers

    Science.gov (United States)

    This training module is intended for licensed real estate appraisers. It is designed to increase the awareness of aquatic resources including why they are protected, signs to look for and documentation.

  1. Commercial real estate development and valuation in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoenmaker, Dennis Albert Jan

    2016-01-01

    In the past three decades, financial deregulation, or the process of removing governmental rules controlling the way that financial organizations operate, has facilitated interconnections between commercial real estate markets, the financial sector and national economic markets. As a result,

  2. China’s Real Estate Finance:Undergoing Directional Change

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭琼; 宋燕华; 赵剑飞

    2008-01-01

    Influenced by a host of new policies on real property loans and foreign investment restrictions, real estate finance is in the midst of directional change characterized by fluctuations in domestic and overseas financing arrangements. The long-

  3. Implementing a real estate management system using open source ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Implementing a real estate management system using open source GIS software. ... already gets most of the information without having to leave home or work. ... to provide the background on which the parcels of land (plots) are displayed.

  4. Annual China Real Estate Forum 2010 at CEIBS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ The first Annual China Real Estate Forum was held on September 4 on the Beijing Campus of the China Europe International Business School (CEIBS). The forum has invited all stakeholders including government officials, property developers,bankers and investors.

  5. Special Taxing Districts, Real Estate Abatements, Published in 2006, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Special Taxing Districts dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It is described as 'Real Estate Abatements'....

  6. 43 CFR Appendix F to Part 2 - Mineral Leasing Act and Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands-Special Rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mineral Leasing Act and Mineral Leasing... 2—Mineral Leasing Act and Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands—Special Rules (a) Definitions. As... conduct coal exploration operations on land subject to the Mineral Leasing Act, under 30 U.S.C. 201(b),...

  7. 32 CFR 643.13 - Military requirement for real estate under grant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military requirement for real estate under grant... (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE General § 643.13 Military requirement for real estate under grant. When a military requirement arises for real estate which is being used under a grant of non-Army use, the...

  8. 7 CFR 767.102 - Leasing non-real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Leasing non-real estate inventory property. 767.102..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Lease of Real Estate Inventory Property § 767.102 Leasing non-real estate inventory property. The Agency does not lease non-real estate...

  9. 32 CFR 552.32 - Authority to acquire real estate and interests therein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authority to acquire real estate and interests... Real Estate and Interest Therein § 552.32 Authority to acquire real estate and interests therein. While... law authorizing such purchase (R. S. 3736; 41 U.S.C. 14). No real estate not in Federal ownership...

  10. 24 CFR 100.115 - Residential real estate-related transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Residential real estate-related... Estate-Related Transactions § 100.115 Residential real estate-related transactions. The term residential real estate-related transactions means: (a) The making or purchasing of loans or providing other...

  11. 32 CFR 643.3 - Authority to grant use of real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authority to grant use of real estate. 643.3... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE General § 643.3 Authority to grant use of real estate. (a) The United States.... (b) One of the principal authorities for the use of military real estate for commercial purposes is...

  12. 7 CFR 1962.8 - Liens on real estate for additional security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Liens on real estate for additional security. 1962.8... Security § 1962.8 Liens on real estate for additional security. The County Supervisor may take the best lien obtainable on any real estate owned by the borrower, including any real estate which already...

  13. 26 CFR 1.857-7 - Earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Earnings and profits of a real estate investment... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-7 Earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust. (a) Any real estate investment trust whether or not such trust...

  14. 32 CFR 552.16 - Real estate claims founded upon contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Real estate claims founded upon contract. 552.16... Real Estate Claims Founded Upon Contract § 552.16 Real estate claims founded upon contract. (a) Purpose... interest in real estate for which compensation must be made according to the Fifth Amendment to the...

  15. 17 CFR 210.12-24 - Real estate owned and rental income. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and rental... § 210.12-24 Real estate owned and rental income. 1 Part 1—Real estate owned at end of period Column A... In a separate schedule classify by states in which the real estate owned is located the total amounts...

  16. 26 CFR 1.856-1 - Definition of real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definition of real estate investment trust. 1...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.856-1 Definition of real estate investment trust. (a) In general. The term “real estate investment trust” means a corporation, trust, or...

  17. 77 FR 59544 - New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK04 New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments... investments in non-real estate businesses in low-income communities. The final regulations affect taxpayers... of new markets tax credit investments relate to real estate projects. Real estate projects are well...

  18. 26 CFR 1.857-8 - Records to be kept by a real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Records to be kept by a real estate investment... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-8 Records to be kept by a real estate investment trust. (a) In general. Under section 857(a)(2) a real estate investment...

  19. 26 CFR 1.469-9 - Rules for certain rental real estate activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rules for certain rental real estate activities... certain rental real estate activities. (a) Scope and purpose. This section provides guidance to taxpayers... rental real estate, including any interest in rental real estate that gives rise to deductions under...

  20. 7 CFR 1951.11 - Application of payments on real estate accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Application of payments on real estate accounts. 1951... Servicing Policies § 1951.11 Application of payments on real estate accounts. (a) Regular payments. If a borrower owes more than one type of real estate loan, or has received initial and subsequent real estate...

  1. 26 CFR 1.857-2 - Real estate investment trust taxable income and net capital gain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate investment trust taxable income and... TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-2 Real estate investment trust taxable income and net capital gain. (a) Real estate investment trust taxable...

  2. 26 CFR 1.857-1 - Taxation of real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxation of real estate investment trusts. 1.857...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-1 Taxation of real estate... revocation or termination of an election, and 857(d), relating to earnings and profits) to a real estate...

  3. Evaluating financial health of real estate & construction industry in India

    OpenAIRE

    Chetna Batra

    2015-01-01

    Real Estate & Construction sector plays an important role in the development of a country’s base. Understanding its performance would be crucial as, in India, it is one of the largest contributors to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and one of the largest generators of economic activity. Real estate & construction sector in general, is perceived to be financially more risky compared to other sectors of the economy. The current research extends and adds to the extant literature by investigatin...

  4. Evaluating financial health of real estate & construction industry in India

    OpenAIRE

    Chetna Batra

    2015-01-01

    Real Estate & Construction sector plays an important role in the development of a country’s base. Understanding its performance would be crucial as, in India, it is one of the largest contributors to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and one of the largest generators of economic activity. Real estate & construction sector in general, is perceived to be financially more risky compared to other sectors of the economy. The current research extends and adds to the extant literature by investigatin...

  5. An Optimal Rubrics-Based Approach to Real Estate Appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhangcheng Chen

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Traditional real estate appraisal methods obtain estimates of real estate by using mathematical modeling to analyze the existing sample data. However, the information of sample data sometimes cannot fully reflect the real-time quotes. For example, in a thin real estate market, the correlated sample data for estimated object is lacking, which limits the estimates of these traditional methods. In this paper, an optimal rubrics-based approach to real estate appraisal is proposed, which brings in crowdsourcing. The valuation estimate can serve as a market indication for the potential real estate buyers or sellers. It is not only based on the information of the existing sample data (just like these traditional methods, but also on the extra real-time market information from online crowdsourcing feedback, which makes the estimated result close to that of the market. The proposed method constructs the rubrics model from sample data. Based on this, the cosine similarity function is used to calculate the similarity between each rubric for selecting the optimal rubrics. The selected optimal rubrics and the estimated point are posted on a crowdsourcing platform. After comparing the information of the estimated point with the optimal rubrics on the crowdsourcing platform, those users who are connected with the estimated object complete the appraisal with their knowledge of the real estate market. The experiment results show that the average accuracy of the proposed approach is over 70%; the maximum accuracy is 90%. This supports that the proposed method can easily provide a valuable market reference for the potential real estate buyers or sellers, and is an attempt to use the human-computer interaction in the real estate appraisal field.

  6. The marginal benefit of diversification in commercial real estate portfolios

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Stephen L.

    2005-01-01

    The number of properties to hold to achieve a well-diversified real estate property portfolio presents a puzzle, as the estimated number is considerably higher than that seen in actual portfolios. However, Statman (1987) argues that investors should only increase the number of holdings as long as the marginal benefits of diversification exceed their costs. Using this idea we find that the marginal benefits of diversification in real estate portfolios are so small that investors are probably r...

  7. Stock-Market valuation of construction and real estate companies

    OpenAIRE

    Concepción Bartual Sanfeliu; Vicente Moya Ismae Caballer

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this work is to obtain explanatory equations for the stock-market value of construction and real estate companies, using the economic-financial information supplied by the same. Equations of fundamental valuation of construction and real estate companies will be calculated by means of combination of factor analysis of principal components and multiple regression, synthesizing the available information in the market and avoiding the frequent problem of multicollinearity. The contrib...

  8. Annual China Real Estate Forum 2010 at CEIBS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The first Annual China Real Estate Forum was held on September 4 on the Beijing Campus of the China Europe International Business School(CEIBS). The forum has invited all stakeholders including government officials,property developers, bankers and investors. The participants will discuss the emerging trends of the industry, as the landscape of China’s real estate is facing profound transformation both at the policy and business levels.

  9. The National Real Estate Market In the Past Three Quarters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In the past three quarters,investment in real estate development totaled 3351.1 billion yuan($504.2 billion),up by 36.4 percent year on year,of which,investment in residential buildings reached 2.35 trillion yuan($353.7 billion),representing a 33.8-percent increase year on year and accounting for 70.2 percent of the investment in real estate development.

  10. Real estate valuation in the Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Božić Branko S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There is no complete and systemized infrastructure for efficient and reliable evaluation of real estates in the Republic of Serbia. This is confirmed by analysis of the applicable regulations which treat valuation of real estates in different ways. This practice contradicting numerous standards and applicable directives (INSPIRE directive, Strategy of the development of geospatial data infrastructure in the Republic of Serbia etc., as well as numerous other examples of good practice governing the activities of collecting and maintaining spatial data infrastructure. By the Law on State Survey and Cadaster of the 2009, the Republic Geodetic Authority is ensured to the jurisdiction of the development of mass appraisal, which should provide real estate market value for all real estates in the territory of the Republic of Serbia. In contrast, the position and the role of local government being increasable stronger in creating the budget, which is closely associated with the values of resources and capital which local government have. Determing the property tax is the responsibility of the local government and therefore its role in the process of valuation of immovable property is of great importance. In addition to local governments, the Tax Administration traditionally determines real estate values. This paper analyzes the current situation and initiate further activities on the development of the system of evaluation of real estates in the Republic of Serbia.

  11. The real estate market as the foundation of the value and forecast as a purpose: trend and real estate cycles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Rosasco

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this project is that of inquiring around the relations existing among the main variables characterizing the Genovese residential real estate market which determine their performance in time through the data analysis of the two observers of the real estate market: ASSIMIL and OMI. The analysis has developed on five selected market homogeneous areas within the territory of the town of Genoa. The aim is that to test whether it’s possible or not to recognize a cyclical of values in time and how they appear by using two different sources of data. The correct forecast of the real estate market is, in fact, strategic for the valuation of the feasibility of interventions and for the construction of reliable real estate investment scenarios.

  12. Aggregate and Mineral Resources - Minerals

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC State | GIS Inventory — This point occurrence data set represents the current mineral and selected energy resources of Utah. The data set coordinates were derived from USGS topographic maps...

  13. Fumarolic minerals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balic Zunic, Tonci; Garavelli, Anna; Jakobsson, Sveinn Peter

    2016-01-01

    The fumarolic mineralogy of the Icelandic active volcanoes, the Tyrrhenian volcanic belt (Italy) and the Aegean active arc (Greece) is investigated, and literature data surveyed in order to define the characteristics of the European fumarolic systems. They show broad diversity of mineral...... associations, with Vesuvius and Vulcano being also among the world localities richest in mineral species. Volcanic systems, which show recession over a longer period, show fumarolic development from the hightemperature alkaline halide/sulphate, calcic sulphate or sulphidic parageneses, synchronous...... fluctuations in activity, illustrated by the example of Vulcano where the high-temperature association appears intermittently. A full survey of the mineral groups and species is given in respect to their importance and appearance in fumarolic associations....

  14. 77 FR 70175 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Mortgage Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ... information to HUD for approval to allow PHAs to grant a mortgage in public housing real estate or a security... grant a mortgage in public housing real estate or a security interest in some tangible form of personal... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING...

  15. Market Motivations for Voluntary Carbon Disclosure in Real Estate Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ufere, Kalu Joseph; Alias, Buang; Godwin Uche, Aliagha

    2016-07-01

    Climate change mitigation in developing economies is a balancing act, between economic development and environmental sustainability. The need for market friendly determinants for low carbon economy, without compromising economic development is of essence. The aim of the study is to determine market friendly factors, which motivates voluntary carbon information disclosure, in the real estate industry. The study modeled economic factor with three variables and financial market factor with three variables against voluntary carbon information disclosure in the real estate industry. Structural equation modeling was used for the modeling and content analysis was used to collect data on the level of voluntary carbon information disclosure, from 2013 annual reports of 126 real estate sector companies listed in the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE). The model achieved a good fit, and was acceptable prediction. The results show that financial market factor has a significant predictive influence on voluntary carbon disclosure. The application of the result is that financial market factor is has a significantly positive influence on companies’ willingness to make voluntary carbon disclosure in the real estate industry. The result may be limited to the real estate industry that is highly leveraged on syndicated fund.

  16. Pricing real estate index options under stochastic interest rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Pu; Dai, Jun

    2017-08-01

    Real estate derivatives as new financial instruments are not merely risk management tools but also provide a novel way to gain exposure to real estate assets without buying or selling the physical assets. Although real estate derivatives market has exhibited a rapid development in recent years, the valuation challenge of real estate derivatives remains a great obstacle for further development in this market. In this paper, we derive a partial differential equation contingent on a real estate index in a stochastic interest rate environment and propose a modified finite difference method that adopts the non-uniform grids to solve this problem. Numerical results confirm the efficiency of the method and indicate that constant interest rate models lead to the mispricing of options and the effects of stochastic interest rates on option prices depend on whether the term structure of interest rates is rising or falling. Finally, we have investigated and compared the different effects of stochastic interest rates on European and American option prices.

  17. Real estate market efficiency:Evidence from Chinese cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑思齐; 刘洪玉; 孙冰

    2004-01-01

    The price in an efficient market can adjust to new information instantaneously to eliminate any arbitrage opportunities. Such a phenomenon is not always observed in the real estate market because of its unique characteristics, which include fixed location, heterogeneity and low transaction frequency. Using housing and office market data of some major cities in China, this paper examines the return and risk characteristics in these markets and assesses market efficiency. It finds that a number of instruments, including lagged quarterly and annual excess returns and, to some extent, the measure of the deviation of price from the intrinsic value, predict future returns. Therefore, weak form and semi-strong form efficiency can both be rejected in these real estate markets. These empirical findings suggest that there is slow price adjustment in real estate markets in China, which may be attributed to inefficient information transmission systems and long searching time in the markets.

  18. Retail and Real Estate: The Changing Landscape of Care Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Scott A

    2015-01-01

    By its nature, retail medicine is founded in real estate. That retail medicine has expanded so dramatically in a relatively short period of time has taken people by surprise. This rapid growth of integrating healthcare services into retail real estate begs the question of whether real estate will eventually take on the importance in healthcare delivery that it has in retail. This article advances the view that it will. In the end, what retail and healthcare have in common is that they both reflect the attributes of demanding consumers as part of an experience-based economy, where products and services are sought based on how they fit with their lifestyles and how they make them feel (Pine and Gilmore 1998). Changing the selection process for healthcare services to be more like retail is already expanding how and where healthcare services are delivered.

  19. Hair stylist wins handsome reward, but will his estate collect?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-04-16

    A hair salon in Washington, D.C., has been ordered to pay $445,190 in damages to a former stylist who was fired because he had an AIDS-related skin tumor. The stylist, [name removed], died in 1996, and his estate continued the litigation. Although the salon, Natural Motion by Sandra, Inc., and a partner in the corporation were found to have discriminated against [name removed], the salon is no longer in business. It is questionable if the estate will ever collect. The District of Columbia Human Rights Act prohibits firing workers for discriminatory reasons based on personal appearance or physical disability.

  20. The Monetary Policy and the Real Estate Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile DEDU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we intend to study the connection between monetary policy measures and the boom and bust cycles of the real estate markets in different countries. Many recent articles consider that central banks had an important contribution in triggering the global crisis and the collapse of the real estate markets during 2007-2009 due to the low monetary policy rates and the inadequate regulation and supervision of the banking system. We consider the generalization of this idea is an error, as certain central banks like the National Bank of Romania (NBR adopted prudent policies in the pre-crisis period.

  1. Quality Function Deployment For Row House Construction In Real Estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukhlal Mujalda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract House construction for real state is the current demand to satisfy the different categories of customer. Various techniques are available to satisfy the customer demand like QFD. Using the QFD house of quality modal we were able to understand the fundamental customer quality and care requirement within the real estate construction. This paper represent a simple case using QFD on the design phase of a real estate construction project as a tool of improvement for feature of middle class row house unit.

  2. Mineral bioprocessing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torma, A.E.

    1993-05-01

    In the last 25 years, the introduction of biotechnological methods in hydrometallurgy has created new opportunities and challenges for the mineral processing industry. This was especially true for the production of metal values from mining wastes and low-and-complex-grade mineral resources, which were considered economically not amenable for processing by conventional extraction methods. Using bio-assisted heap, dump and in-situ leaching technologies, copper and uranium extractions gained their first industrial applications. The precious metal industries were the next to adopt the bio-preoxidation technique in the extraction of gold from refractory sulfide-bearing ores and concentrates. A variety of other bioleaching opportunities exist for nickel, cobalt, cadmium and zinc sulfide leaching. Recently developed bioremediation methods and biosorption technologies have shown a good potential for industrial applications to remove trace heavy metal and radionuclide concentrations from contaminated soils, and mining and processing effluents.

  3. DE LA QUIETUD ESTATAL AL MOVIMIENTO SOCIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Palacín Mejías

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Starting with Fichte's idea of State and his definition of Social Contract and Property by use, we denounce that the State has failed to fulfill its end of the Contract and we place in that failure the emergence and legitimation of social movements. We also stress the importance of public spaces -both physical and virtual- as places of ex-pression and the presence of social movements in them as an imperative in order to attain change.

  4. The effect of locations of central metro stations on real estate values. A case study of Thessaloniki, Greece.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agapi Xifilidou

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Almost all of the most populated cities in the world have invested heavily on high capacity urban public transit systems. Apart from the direct economic benefits –travel time reduction, environmental benefits, some indirect benefits are the increase in real estate values (residential and commercial, improved accessibility and possible land use changes towards the development of an area. This study investigates the impact of the future central metro stations of Thessaloniki on real estate values. Real estate values can increase up to 11,3% at a distance shorter than 50 m and gradually decrease up to -14% for a distance greater than 500 m. A hedonic analysis is presented so as to determine the influence of metro stations to 52 commercial properties. The results of the investigation indicate that the changes in market are not necessarily connected or totally attributed to the construction of the metro stations. Instead interesting results show that in some cases common belief about the impact of urban public transit systems can be slightly different.

  5. 77 FR 14736 - Caribbean Fishery Management Council; Public Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    ... Hotel, 5007 Estate Shoys, Lot 7, Christiansted, St. Croix, U.S.V.I. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT...--Options Paper SSC Meeting Report Fishing Industry Advisory Panel Report Public Comment Period--(5) Five...

  6. How to Fund Assetless Estates in Insolvency? Assessing European Funding Mechanisms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijck, G.

    2014-01-01

    Insolvency law faces the challenge of properly liquidating insolvent estates. To achieve this, insolvency representatives need to be skilled, and paid. Countries have adopted differ- ent models for compensating insolvency representatives who liquidate estates. While a proper insolvency funding mecha

  7. How to fund assetless estates in insolvency? Assessing European funding mechanisms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijck, G.

    2014-01-01

    Insolvency law faces the challenge of properly liquidating insolvent estates. To achieve this, insolvency representatives need to be skilled, and paid. Countries have adopted different models for compensating insolvency representatives who liquidate estates. While a proper insolvency funding mechani

  8. Explicit design for real estate education: the management game

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Jong, P.; Van Dooren, E.J.G.C.; Den Heijer, A.C.

    2015-01-01

    In positioning the design school versus the business school, the management game as an educational module in the last semester of the architectural bachelor in Delft is illustrative for the possible synthesis between real estate and architecture. The explicit approach of design, as applied in Delft

  9. Large social housing estates: From stigma to demolition?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wassenberg, F.

    2004-01-01

    It is curious that the most frequently reviewed and well thought-out large housing estates are now the areas with the worst image. Image is an important factor of a neighbourhood’s popularity, affecting its position in the local or regional neighbourhood hierarchy. Many studies and reports about pr

  10. Guidelines for Implementing a Real Estate Cooperative Education Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Thomas R.

    Background information and guidelines are provided for the development of cooperative education programs for real estate industry personnel. The first section outlines the operation of cooperative education programs and presents two organizational plans: the alternating plan, where students attend class full-time and work full-time during…

  11. Access to Housing: The Role of the Real Estate Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, William H., Jr.

    1972-01-01

    Attempts to determine the basis for the conscious acts and decisions of individuals and organizations which constitute housing discrimination, in order to be able to decide how to intervene most effectively; the racial practices of real estate brokers are held to offer one such point of intervention. (RJ)

  12. Real Estate Development, Highest and Best Use and Real Options

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Bravi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The primary aim of this work is to connect the Real Options Theory (ROT with the real estate investment framework. A great deal of theoretical work exist today; it begun with Merton (1973 and Black & Sholes (1973 and provided new insights into capital budgeting decision-making and new models, used today by corporate managers and practitioners too. Unfortunately, the ROT is not widely used by appraisers respect to the traditional DCF model, even though the developers behaviour gives evidence to the model. It is important to remember that the real estate investments are characterized by irreversible decision and by various sources of risk and uncertainty about future returns, especially when the development process is very long. The flexibility in the real estate investment is related to the alternative uses embedded in the land – traditionally interpreted through the Highest and Best Use approach – and to the characteristics of the building. In fact, the value of vacant land should reflect not only the value based on best immediate use, but also its option value, if the development is delayed and the land is converted into best alternative use in the future. This is also true for the redeveloped urban lands. In brief, this work shows the limits of the traditional analysis (Discounted Cash Flow Model to capture flexibility in the real estate investment and presents an application – an industrial urban area – implemented by the real option approach within a backward risk-neutral valuation process.

  13. Strategies for healthcare facilities, construction, and real estate management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, James G

    2012-05-01

    Adventist HealthCare offers the following lessons learned in improving the value of healthcare facilities, construction, and real estate management: Use an integrated approach. Ensure that the objectives of the approach align the hospital or health system's mission and values. Embrace innovation. Develop a plan that applies to the whole organization, rather than specific business units. Ensure commitment of senior leaders.

  14. Two-level modelling of real estate taxtation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gall, Jaroslav; Stubkjær, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Real estate taxes recurrently attract attention, because they are a source of potentially increased revenue for local and national government. Most experts agree that it is necessary to switch from using normative values for taxation to a market-value-based taxation of real property with computer...

  15. Modelling real estate business for governance and learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2006-01-01

    as identified and declared areas of excellence. Within the above context, the paper refers to outcomes and experiences from the research action: Modelling Real Property Transactions (2001-2005). Among others, processes related to real estate (purchase, subdivision) were modelled and corresponding ontologies...

  16. Power Laws in Real Estate Prices during Bubble Periods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohnishi, Takaaki; Mizuno, Takayuki; Shimizu, Chihiro; Watanabe, Tsutomu

    How can we detect real estate bubbles? In this paper, we propose making use of information on the cross-sectional dispersion of real estate prices. During bubble periods, prices tend to go up considerably for some properties, but less so for others, so that price inequality across properties increases. In other words, a key characteristic of real estate bubbles is not the rapid price hike itself but a rise in price dispersion. Given this, the purpose of this paper is to examine whether developments in the dispersion in real estate prices can be used to detect bubbles in property markets as they arise, using data from Japan and the U.S. First, we show that the land price distribution in Tokyo had a power-law tail during the bubble period in the late 1980s, while it was very close to a lognormal before and after the bubble period. Second, in the U.S. data we find that the tail of the house price distribution tends to be heavier in those states which experienced a housing bubble. We also provide evidence suggesting that the power-law tail observed during bubble periods arises due to the lack of price arbitrage across regions.

  17. America's Educational Failures: How Will They Affect Real Estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downs, Anthony

    Owners of all types of real properties, especially owners and occupants of big city downtown properties, have a high investment in the educational quality of the local labor force, and should encourage improvement even if it results in increased property taxes. Every real estate investment is "locked in" to the specific geographic…

  18. An Analysis of Discrimination by Real Estate Brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yinger, John

    This paper focuses on designing policies to eliminate discrimination in the sale of single-family houses by analyzing the behavior of the agents who actually do most of the discriminating, namely real estate agents. Discriminatory practices are said to be supported by policies of house builders, lending institutions, and government, and by the…

  19. INFORMATION SUPPORT OF REAL ESTATE MARKET STATISTICAL RESEARCH

    OpenAIRE

    Shibirina, S.

    2010-01-01

    The article considers the significance and suggests the directions for using information in statistical researches of real estate market. A special attention is paid on interconnections of information support and participants of realty market's, and stages of market analysis which characterizing realty market.

  20. MODELING REAL ESTATE MARKET: FORECASTING THE PRICE OF A SQUARE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya V. Kontsevaya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The possibility of forecasting indicators of the real estate market. An approach based on the use of lag variables, where the lag time is determined by analyzing the dynamics of relative error. The result is a leading indicator. Forecasted assessment of the near future the price per square meter in Moscow.

  1. Real Estate Education in Community Colleges: The Texas Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    The paper describes courses and enrollments for the 43 Texas community colleges offering real estate courses during the 1973-74 school year. The most frequently offered courses were principles, appraisal, finance, law, practice, and brokerage. Results of questionnaire surveys of the 43 community colleges indicate a larger part-time enrollment by…

  2. 25 CFR 700.339 - Residency on life estate leases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Commission. (c) In the event it becomes necessary to change the identity of the person(s) or number of... request for change to the Commission. The Commission, upon review of the request, may grant an amended life estate lease to reflect the requested change....

  3. Adding Value by Health Care Real Estate: Parameters and Priorities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Voordt, D.J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Due to the transition of the Dutch health care sector from a governmentally steered domain towards regulated market forces, health care organisations have become fully responsible for their real estate. This paper explores if/how Dutch health care organisations adopt the concept of adding v

  4. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ASSESSMENT OF INDUSTRIAL ESTATE PROVIDING WITH MANAGERIAL PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Nouri, A. H. Mahvi, M. Younesian, R. Nabizadeh, I. Hashemi

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available At this study, an environmental impact assessment establishment of Shahzand Industrial Estate in Arak at the central part of Iran was investigated. After collection of data and analysis of the findings, the positive and negative impacts resulted from establishment of the industrial estate were investigated, using the Leopold Matrix and Scaling checklist methods providing the managerial solutions in order to minimize the environmental harmful impacts. The existing environmental situation was investigated and then environmental impact alternatives were determined. This was done regarding to the amount and kind of predicted pollutions for industrial estate at the construction and operational phases. The environmental impact assessment of the investigated estate was studied at the three terms of immediate, direct and indirect impacts at the short, medium and long term. By expanding of Leopold Matrix to four parted matrix, in addition to amount, importance and extend of the impacts, the remaining duration of impact in the environment were assessed as a separate factor in environmental impact assessment. The results of the study with two alternatives, such as; No (performance of the project with no concern for environmental issue and as yes (performance of the project with application of the environmental harmful impacts were studied in construction and operation phases. The impact assessment of "NO" property resulted (-1065, therefore the execution of project was rejected, but after reducing the harmful impact performance which were resulted (+1095 has been accepted. Therefore, method of reducing harmful environmental impacts along with environmental management programs introduced and accepted in this study.

  5. Community Work on Housing Estates in the United Kingdom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derricourt, Nicholas

    1971-01-01

    The author describes the objectives of the Association of London Housing Estates and examines the methods employed in working for the community-the role that the central office plays, the importance of the active participation of the members and the relations that are maintained with the people of the community. (RR)

  6. Access to Housing: The Role of the Real Estate Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, William H., Jr.

    1972-01-01

    Attempts to determine the basis for the conscious acts and decisions of individuals and organizations which constitute housing discrimination, in order to be able to decide how to intervene most effectively; the racial practices of real estate brokers are held to offer one such point of intervention. (RJ)

  7. Employablity Skills among Graduates of Estate Management in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egbenta, Idu Robert

    2015-01-01

    There is wide claim that employers have a high level of dissatisfaction associated with graduates from Nigeria higher institutions of learning. This paper examines whether graduates of estate management in Nigeria higher institutions have employability skills for productive employment. The study randomly sampled 59 principal partners or heads of…

  8. DEVELOPMENT TOOLKIT FOR REAL ESTATE MARKET ANALYSIS OF MOSCOW REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey Yu. Yushin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the developmentdirection of the tools of the secondary realestate market analysis associated withthe identification of market. Assessment of their quality, the relationship with each other and real estate, will improve thealgorithms for identifying repetitive objectsto exclude unreliable supply of assessment activities and a new perspective onthe dynamics of the market.

  9. The Performance of Shariah Real Estate Investment Trust and Conventional Real Estate Investment Trust in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nor Edi Azhar Binti Mohamad

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the performances of two Real Estate Investment Trust (REITs structure in Malaysian capital market by comparing the Dividend Yield (DY, Distribution per Unit (DU, Net asset Value (NAV, and Earning per Unit (EU of shariah REITSs (iREITs and conventional REITSs (cREITs from Malaysia perspective. The secondary data are retrieved from Bloomberg's Database for 13 listed REITs in the Bursa Malaysia main board for a five-year period from 2009 to 2013 with yearly observation. Applying One Way-Anova analysis, an Independent Sample Kruskal-Wallis Test is used to determine any differences in the performance of the two REITs structure. The results provide evidence indicating that the two structures have distinctive and significantly different performances. It also indicates the better performance of iREITs compared to cREITs. The results of this study are useful to provide additional evidence towards the viable of Islamic funds as a significant initiative to broaden and deepen the product base of Islamic capital market in Malaysia.

  10. Land grab. More investors offer hospitals cash for their real estate as providers hunt for capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Melanie

    2011-03-07

    More real estate investors are offering hospitals cash for real estate as providers tap into their assets for capital. But if REITs are banking on providers cashing in their real estate chips, that's not happening yet, says Mike O'Keefe, left, of Navigant Consulting. The capital flooding into healthcare real estate has met with a limited supply of sellers. "That's what's driving some of this consolidation," O'Keefe said.

  11. The Real Estate Market in the Historical Development and Contemporary Trends in Latvia

    OpenAIRE

    Geipele, S; Kļaviņš, K

    2014-01-01

    In the business environment is not always possible to observe a long-term and stable development, it applies both to economic growth and real estate market development. Market participants would be able to make decisions efficiently in the field of real estate and construction, if the economic and real estate market development cycles, their characteristics, causes and consequences are analyzed. Thus, the economic theory theses become apparent and once again those prove that the real estate m...

  12. Real Estate Market Risk in Bank Stock Returns: Evidence for 15 European Countries

    OpenAIRE

    António Miguel Martins; Ana Paula Serra

    2012-01-01

    In countries with highly-developed financial systems bank portfolios have high exposure, directly or indirectly, to the real estate sector. Changes in the value of real estate can have a potentially significant impact on the default risk of banks and on their profitability as a result of high exposure to the real estate sector. This is especially critical during real estate crises, when bank losses tend to increase dramatically and for all banks, placing the entire financial system at the ris...

  13. Analysis on using UPREITs in real estate finance in United States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Xiaoxiao; Xu Minjie

    2009-01-01

    This paper gave an overview, introduction about umbrella partnership real estate investment trust (UPREIT) to the readers who are not related to real estate and accounting major. To show how UPREIT defer capital gain taxes, makes good cash flow and maximize profit in real estate finance, the paper included the theory and structure of UPREIT (real estate investment trust), partnership issues, advantage and disadvantage, and created a proforma to demonstrate how UPREIT works.

  14. THE EVOLUTION OF THE REAL ESTATE MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar V. Hovsepyan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the evolution of the real estate market of the Republic of Armenia. It presents the emergence and development of real estate market after the collapse of the USSR. The main influence on the impact of the global financial crisis on the real estate market in Republic of Armenia. Discusses some of the important issues for long-term development of the real estate market.

  15. Private investment in hospitals: a comparison of three healthcare systems and possible implications for real estate strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Zwart, Johan; van der Voordt, Theo; Jonge, Hans de

    2010-01-01

    This article explores lessons to be learned from three different healthcare systems and the possible implications for the management of healthcare real estate, in particular in connection to the Dutch system. It discusses similarities and differences among the different systems, in search of possible consequences on cost, financing, and design innovation. To keep healthcare affordable in the future, the Dutch government is currently in the process of changing legislation to move from a centrally directed system to a so-called regulated market system. The deregulation of real estate investment that accompanies the new healthcare delivery system offers healthcare organizations new opportunities, but also more responsibility and greater risk in return on investment. Consequently, healthcare organizations must find new methods of financing. Private investment is one of the options. Three healthcare systems were analyzed on the basis of a literature review and document analysis, then schematized to show similarities and dissimilarities with regard to private investment in hospitals. Observations are based on a selection of recently published articles on private-sector financing and its implications for healthcare real estate decision making in the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and Germany. The strengths and weaknesses of three healthcare systems with differing proportions of private and public investment in hospitals were explored. Research revealed a gap between intended effects and actual effects with regard to quality and cost. Costly private finance does not necessarily lead to "value for money." Transferring real estate decisions to private investors decreases the influence of the healthcare organization on future costs and quality. The three healthcare systems show substantial differences between public and private responsibilities. Less governmental involvement affords both opportunities and risks for hospitals. Private investment may lead to innovation

  16. 12 CFR 250.403 - Service of member bank and real estate investment company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service of member bank and real estate... Glass-Steagall Act § 250.403 Service of member bank and real estate investment company. (a) The Board recently considered two inquiries regarding the question whether proposed real estate investment companies...

  17. 77 FR 57199 - 2012 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X) Mortgage Servicing Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-17

    ... September 17, 2012 Part II Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection 12 CFR Part 1024 2012 Real Estate... PROTECTION 12 CFR Part 1024 RIN 3170-AA14 2012 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X) Mortgage... Regulation X, which implements the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974 (RESPA) and the official...

  18. 26 CFR 1.822-6 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.822-6 Section... Premium Deposits) § 1.822-6 Real estate owned and occupied. Section 822(d)(1) provides that the amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation on or with respect to any real estate owned...

  19. 26 CFR 1.58-6 - Regulated investment companies; real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Regulated investment companies; real estate... their shareholders and real estate investment trusts (as defined in section 856) and their shareholders... real estate investment trust, accelerated depreciation on section 1250 property (sections 57(a)(2) and...

  20. 12 CFR 560.37 - Real estate for office and related facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate for office and related facilities... LENDING AND INVESTMENT Lending and Investment Powers for Federal Savings Associations § 560.37 Real estate for office and related facilities. A federal savings association may invest in real estate (improved...

  1. 76 FR 32880 - Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK21 Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate... capital from non-real estate businesses. DATES: Written and electronic comments must be submitted by... encourage greater investment in non- real estate businesses. The commentators suggested that revising the...

  2. 7 CFR 1955.124 - Sale with inventory real estate (chattel).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Sale with inventory real estate (chattel). 1955.124... Property Chattel Property § 1955.124 Sale with inventory real estate (chattel). Inventory chattel property may be sold with inventory real estate if a higher aggregate price can be obtained. Proceeds from a...

  3. 12 CFR 32.7 - Residential real estate loans, small business loans, and small farm loans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Residential real estate loans, small business... OF THE TREASURY LENDING LIMITS § 32.7 Residential real estate loans, small business loans, and small farm loans. (a) Residential real estate, small business, and small farm loans. (1) In addition to the...

  4. 78 FR 46805 - Certain Transfers of Property to Regulated Investment Companies [RICs] and Real Estate Investment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... Companies and Real Estate Investment Trusts AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Final... to a Regulated Investment Company (RIC) or a Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT). These regulations... 851(a). (iv) REIT. The term REIT means a real estate investment trust within the meaning of section...

  5. 77 FR 22516 - Certain Transfers of Property to Regulated Investment Companies [RICs] and Real Estate Investment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-16

    ... Companies and Real Estate Investment Trusts AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice... transfers of property from a C corporation to a Regulated Investment Company (RIC) or a Real Estate... may not be circumvented * * * through the use of a regulated investment company, a real estate...

  6. 75 FR 15465 - RMR Real Estate Income Fund, et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-29

    ... COMMISSION RMR Real Estate Income Fund, et al.; Notice of Application March 23, 2010. AGENCY: Securities and.... APPLICANTS: RMR Real Estate Income Fund and RMR Advisors, Inc. FILING DATES: December 31, 2003, September 23.... Applicants' Representations 1. RMR Real Estate Income Fund (``RIF'') is a closed-end management investment...

  7. 7 CFR 1951.16 - Other servicing actions on real estate type loan accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Other servicing actions on real estate type loan... Account Servicing Policies § 1951.16 Other servicing actions on real estate type loan accounts. (a... smaller, respectively, than the sum of such installments on the note and other charges. (c) Real estate...

  8. 7 CFR 767.103 - Managing leased real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Managing leased real estate inventory property. 767... AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Lease of Real Estate Inventory Property § 767.103 Managing leased real estate inventory property. (a) The Agency will pay for...

  9. 26 CFR 1.803-5 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.803-5 Section... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Life Insurance Companies § 1.803-5 Real estate owned and occupied. The amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation upon or with respect to any real estate owned...

  10. 1982-83 Texas College and University Real Estate Course Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    In 1983, the Texas Real Estate Research Center conducted its eighth annual survey of the real estate offerings of the state's two- and four-year colleges. Survey findings, based on a 90% response rate, included the following: (1) 90 institutions (46 community colleges and 44 four-year colleges) offered real estate courses during the 1982-83…

  11. 7 CFR 767.202 - Real estate inventory property located in special hazard areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate inventory property located in special...) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Real Estate Property With Important Resources or Located in Special Hazard Areas § 767.202 Real estate...

  12. 26 CFR 1.822-9 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.822-9 Section... Premium Deposits) § 1.822-9 Real estate owned and occupied. Section 822(d)(1) provides that the amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation on or with respect to any real estate owned...

  13. 76 FR 40612 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Technical Corrections and Clarifying Amendments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-11

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3500 RIN 2502-AH85 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA... rule amends part 3500 of title 24 of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows: PART 3500--REAL ESTATE...(g)), that makes or invests in residential real estate loans aggregating more than $1,000,000 per...

  14. 12 CFR 560.172 - Re-evaluation of real estate owned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Re-evaluation of real estate owned. 560.172... of real estate owned. A savings association shall appraise each parcel of real estate owned at the... under the particular circumstances. The foregoing requirement shall not apply to any parcel of real...

  15. 76 FR 32882 - New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK04 New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments... program to facilitate and encourage investments in non-real estate businesses in low-income communities... modifications to the new markets tax credit program to facilitate and encourage investments in non-real estate...

  16. 7 CFR 1955.15 - Foreclosure by the Government of loans secured by real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Liquidation of Loans Secured by Real Estate and Acquisition of Real and Chattel Property § 1955.15 Foreclosure by the Government of loans secured by real estate. Foreclosure will be initiated when all reasonable... liens other than current-year real estate taxes. Where such prior liens are involved, an appraisal...

  17. 26 CFR 1.857-6 - Method of taxation of shareholders of real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-6 Method of taxation of shareholders of real estate investment trusts. (a) Ordinary income. Except... receiving dividends from a real estate investment trust shall include such dividends in gross income for the...

  18. 12 CFR 560.100 - Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards; purpose and... § 560.100 Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope. This section, and § 560.101 of this subpart....S.C. 1828(o), prescribe standards for real estate lending to be used by savings associations and all...

  19. 7 CFR 767.52 - Disposition of personal property from real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disposition of personal property from real estate..., personal property has been left on the real estate inventory property, the Agency will notify the former real estate owner and any known lienholders that the Agency will dispose of the personal property...

  20. 17 CFR 210.12-29 - Mortgage loans on real estate. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mortgage loans on real estate... § 210.12-29 Mortgage loans on real estate. 1 Column A—Description 2,3,4 Column B—Interest rate Column C... mortgage loans on real estate investments has been written down or reserved against, describe the item and...

  1. 26 CFR 1.172-10 - Net operating losses of real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Net operating losses of real estate investment... (continued) § 1.172-10 Net operating losses of real estate investment trusts. (a) Taxable years to which a loss may be carried. (1) A net operating loss sustained by a qualified real estate investment trust (as...

  2. 32 CFR 644.27 - Authority to issue Real Estate Directives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authority to issue Real Estate Directives. 644.27... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies § 644.27 Authority to issue Real Estate Directives. Where there is legislative authorization, an...

  3. 7 CFR 767.201 - Real estate inventory property with important resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate inventory property with important... SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Real Estate Property With Important Resources or Located in Special Hazard Areas § 767.201 Real estate inventory...

  4. 20 CFR 404.1069 - Real estate agents and direct sellers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate agents and direct sellers. 404... § 404.1069 Real estate agents and direct sellers. (a) Trade or business. If you perform services after 1982 as a qualified real estate agent or as a direct seller, as defined in section 3508 of the Code...

  5. 24 CFR 100.110 - Discriminatory practices in residential real estate-related transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... residential real estate-related transactions. 100.110 Section 100.110 Housing and Urban Development... Discrimination in Residential Real Estate-Related Transactions § 100.110 Discriminatory practices in residential real estate-related transactions. (a) This subpart provides the Department's interpretation of the...

  6. Value adding management of hospital real estate: Balancing between different stakeholders’ perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Zwart, J.; Van der Voordt, D.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    In addition to cost effectiveness, possible contributions of real estate to organisational performance are incorporated in strategic corporate real estate management nowadays more and more. This paper explores the concept of adding value by real estate and how this concept is being applied in design

  7. 22 CFR 72.22 - Release of personal estate to legal representative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., THEIR PROPERTY AND ESTATES DEATHS AND ESTATES Personal Estates of Deceased United States Citizens and... executor, a certified copy of letters testamentary or other evidence of legal capacity to act as executor; (2) In the case of an administrator, a certified copy of letters of administration or other...

  8. Value adding management of hospital real estate: Balancing between different stakeholders’ perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Zwart, J.; Van der Voordt, D.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    In addition to cost effectiveness, possible contributions of real estate to organisational performance are incorporated in strategic corporate real estate management nowadays more and more. This paper explores the concept of adding value by real estate and how this concept is being applied in design

  9. 26 CFR 20.2031-1 - Definition of gross estate; valuation of property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., except that if the executor elects the alternate valuation method under section 2032, it is the fair... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definition of gross estate; valuation of... § 20.2031-1 Definition of gross estate; valuation of property. (a) Definition of gross estate. Except...

  10. Schneider Electric called on real estate leaders to build Energy Efficient Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Schneider Electric, the global specialist of energy management, together with China Real Estate Industry Association, China Real Estate & Residential Association and China Building Electricity Efficiency Association, implored real estate industry leaders to sign a petition to pledge their dedication towards the building of energy efficient buildings.

  11. Competitive strategies for multiple industrial estates : a case study of multi-business chemical estates in South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coetzee, Josef Erasmus

    2004-01-01

    The research problem, which was stated as the central research question is: What strategies can multiple estates employ to be competitive? The research addressed three aspects of this question by considering the elements to which such strategies should be directed (research question 1); who should b

  12. Hydrothermal minerals

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Nath, B.N.

    -floor hydrothermal processes involving free circulation of seawater through ocean crust as convection. Heat flow, seafloor fracturing, permeability and fluid composition are the parameters governing the type and extent of mineralization. The chimney like... stream_size 23365 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Refresher_Course_Mar_Geol_Geophys_2007_Lecture_Notes_78.pdf.txt stream_source_info Refresher_Course_Mar_Geol_Geophys_2007_Lecture_Notes_78.pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8...

  13. Neurobehavioral Performance of Estate Residents with Privately-Treated Water Supply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohd Ridzwan, Siti Farizwana; Anual, Zurahanim Fasha; Sahani, Mazrura; Ghazali, Ahmad Rohi

    2013-12-01

    Neurotoxicants present in water supply may affect human functions in terms of attention, response speed and perceptual motor speed. Neurobehavioural performance can be influenced by gender, age and education levels. This study aims to assess the neurobehavioral performance of palm oil estate residents with private water supply in southern Peninsular of Malaysia. A total of 287 and 246 participants from estates with private (PWS) and public water supply (PUB) were recruited to complete a demographic and subjective symptom questionnaire followed by the Neurobehavioral Core Test Battery (NCTB). PWS participants who consumed privately-treated water performed poorly in all NCTB tests compared to PUB participants except for Santa Ana test. Significant group differences in neurobehavioral performance were found for Digit Span Backward (P=0.047), Benton Visual Retention (P=0.006) and Trail Making B tests (Peducation influenced the NCTB scores (Peducation excelled in the NCTB tests (P=0.000). Poor neurobehavioral performance is associated with low water supply quality which affects neurofunctions in terms of attention, memory, response and perceptual motor speed.

  14. MODERN OPTIONS FOR THE FINANCING OF THE REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiriac Silviu-Cornel-Virgil

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The investments represent one of the most important elements in the national economy development strategies, as well as in all the business fields and branches. The notion of investment is extremely complex, perceived with different meanings and significates. In a general, wider meaning the investments represent a capital placement which is made with the purpose of obtaining profit bearing incomes in the future. In a narrower meaning, investments mean the totality of expenses made for obtaining capital assets which are future potential factors in the formation of incomes. Investments represent the most important factor in the development strategies of the national economy as well as in all the business fields and branches. The investment strategy represents an important element in the management of the investments and a component of the general strategy of the entity. The use of investment strategies in the management activity implies the application of scientific techniques and methods. The great number of studies carried out shows that there were no certain answers formed, very often the option for a form of financing or the other is influenced only by the “level of accessibility” of the resources available on the financial market and the financing policy of many companies is guided rather by the constraints of the financial market than a coherent company strategy In order to ensure a constant economic growth it is necessary to prepare investment projects. In practice the predominant one is the investment activity based on real investments performed for the modernising of assets, in order to ensure their physical and moral wear and tear. The analysis of real estate investments can be made using a various range of indicators, from the traditional ones to those based on the updated cash flow, using traditional analysis techniques or complex techniques used by specialists with training in the analysis of real estate investment. The

  15. How Can Flood Affect the Real Estate Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trejo Rangel, Miguel Angel; Sapač, Klaudija; Brilly, Mitja

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine how actual flood events can affect the real estate for different case studies. Therefore, we have analysed the impact for two cases, the first is the flood event which occurred in 2013 in Boulder, Colorado, United States, city that is located in the eastern part of the Rocky Mountains, and the second event was the flood which occurred in 2010 the city of Ljubljana, capital and largest city of Slovenia, that is located between the Alpine and Balkan mountains.. The methodology that was used is comparison of mean prices of real estate, taking into account the flood events which have been chosen in accordance with the available data and previous studies, furthermore for the case study of Ljubljana, Slovenia questionnaires were sent through one civil organization which is actively working in the area (Civil Initiative for Flood Security SW part of Ljubljana). Analysed sales prices during the period 2009-2014 in the case study of Boulder, Colorado, United States showed that the flood event in 2013 did not significantly affect the mean price of real estate within the flooded area, besides prices inside the flood plain tended to stay above the prices outside the floodplain. Nevertheless, we have found that the flood event affected the real estate sector in terms of number of sales, being that after the flood event in 2013 sales decreased 52% regarding the previous years. For the case study of Ljubljana, Slovenia the results were unexpected somehow. In fact we expected that the prices of real estate located within the flooded areas, on average, would be lower than those located outside the flooded areas, and that was what shown in the results, which is actually opposite to what occurred for the case study of Boulder City. However the research showed that the flood event in 2010 did not affect the change in prices of real estate within the flooded areas and the trend was considerable similar to previous years the flood event in 2010

  16. The marketing perspective on the risks of unqualified real estate market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Marius MUNTEANU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper is about the risks of unqualified real estate marketing and how it can be reduced through the qualification of buyers and sellers. The main risks on this market are the pricing and the customer requirements therefore the qualification of real estate agents is important too because it can entail a real estate transaction. The price of a real estate transaction is set by the interaction between demand and offer. Regarding this it was described a successful real estate project developed in Transylvania by the German investor, Maurer Imobiliare.

  17. Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method Applied in the Real Estate Investment Risks Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    ML(Zhang Minli), Zhang; Wp(Yang Wenpo), Yang

    Real estate investment is a high-risk and high returned of economic activity, the key of real estate analysis is the identification of their types of investment risk and the risk of different types of effective prevention. But, as the financial crisis sweeping the world, the real estate industry also faces enormous risks, how effective and correct evaluation of real estate investment risks becomes the multitudinous scholar concern[1]. In this paper, real estate investment risks were summarized and analyzed, and comparative analysis method is discussed and finally presented fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, not only in theory has the advantages of science, in the application also has the reliability, for real estate investment risk assessment provides an effective means for investors in real estate investing guidance on risk factors and forecasts.

  18. Integrating Real Estate into China’s Planning Education: Paradox and Prospect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zou; Yonghua; Zhao; Wanxia; Zhong; Ruijun

    2015-01-01

    The booming real estate sector in China demands for more planners with real estate knowledge and skills, but real estate training has been marginalized in the existing physical-dominated planning education system. After reviewing the related international experiences, this paper examines the necessities and benef its of integrating real estate into China’s planning education. It also explains the paradox embedded in the existing planning education system and considers how to restructure the planning education paradigm, so that it will provide better real estate training. The objectives here are to strengthen the curriculum, diversify students’ and faculty backgrounds, seek effective ways to interact with the real estate industry, and differentiate the planning programs. The integration of real estate into planning education can cultivate more interdisciplinary professionals and should be a concern for more planning educators.

  19. Real Estate Price Bubble and Its Impact in the Baltic States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Tupėnaitė

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the problem of the real estate price bubble in the Baltic States. The definition of the real estate price bubble is discussed, the main reasons as well as bubble influencing fundamental and irrational factors and price bubble burst sequences to national economics are analysed. Based on the research model and developed by the authors, the practical research of the real estate market in the Baltic States was performed.Trends towards the real estate prices were researched and the influence of fundamental and irrational factors on the growth of the real estate prices was discussed. Research results proved the existence of the price bubble in the Baltic States real estate market during the period from 2004 to 2006. The influence of the real estate price bubble burst on the national economy of the Baltic States is discussed at the end of this article. Article in Lithuanian

  20. 我国房产税功能辨析%Research on the Real Estate Tax Reform in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱明熙; 何通艳

    2012-01-01

    在我国房价飞速上涨、买房难的社会背景下,房产税改革问题受到广泛关注,上海、重庆两市率先迈出了对非经营性房产征收房产税的步伐。本文探讨了对非经营性房产征税的税收功能定位问题,并基于调节贫富差距和节约使用资源的视角提出了进一步完善房产税的思路。%In the context of the soaring housing prices and insufficient housing supply, China's real estate tax reform has caused wide public concern. Both Shanghai and Chongqing have imposed pilot real estate tax on the non-operating property. This paper discusses some problems on the functional orientation of non-operating real estate tax. The paper also puts forward some ideas to improve the property tax from the perspective of regulation of poor-rich gap and land saving.

  1. Data sources for the purpose of decision making in real estate investment analysis in the territory of Kragujevac City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena Popović

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of investing in real estate is a complex process for whose implementation two steps are mandatory: data collection and analysis. As the real estate represent a very important resource (both for individuals and for the state, investment analysis must be done carefully in order to achieve the goals of all participants in the investment process. Data necessary for the implementation of investment analysis include data from relevant state institutions which are dealing with planning, management, registration and taxation of real estate. Privacy policy of insight into these data and their usage greatly differs between different institutions. Some of the data are publicly available, while the availability of other is greatly limited. Some institutions have enabled viewing data through web services, while others do not have the technical capabilities to do so. Considering the contemporary aspect of management and use of geo-data in the analysis and decision-making, the availability of data in electronic form via the web service becomes imperative.

  2. ESTATE: Strategy for Exploring Labeled Spatial Datasets Using Association Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stepinski, Tomasz F.; Salazar, Josue; Ding, Wei; White, Denis

    We propose an association analysis-based strategy for exploration of multi-attribute spatial datasets possessing naturally arising classification. Proposed strategy, ESTATE (Exploring Spatial daTa Association patTErns), inverts such classification by interpreting different classes found in the dataset in terms of sets of discriminative patterns of its attributes. It consists of several core steps including discriminative data mining, similarity between transactional patterns, and visualization. An algorithm for calculating similarity measure between patterns is the major original contribution that facilitates summarization of discovered information and makes the entire framework practical for real life applications. Detailed description of the ESTATE framework is followed by its application to the domain of ecology using a dataset that fuses the information on geographical distribution of biodiversity of bird species across the contiguous United States with distributions of 32 environmental variables across the same area.

  3. Using real-estate-based financing to access capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobin, W C; Kryzaniak, L A

    1998-07-01

    One strategy employed by healthcare organizations to increase their market presence is the construction of new facilities. Accessing capital to fund such construction, however, has become more of a challenge. One relatively untapped source of building capital is real-estate-based financing. Nonrecourse mortgages, turnkey net leases, and synthetic leases can provide several advantages to healthcare organizations seeking capital, assuming issues related to building ownership, debt and balance sheet effects, and tax-exempt status have been thoroughly explored first.

  4. THE REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS AND THE FINANCIAL CRISIS IN ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Popa, Ana; Laura GIURCA VASILESCU

    2009-01-01

    This paper is based on a wide range of researches and statistics data, regarding the enormous stock real estate boom that started around 1982 and picked up incredible speed after 1995. First of all, many economists argue that this boom represents a speculative bubble, because it is not grounded in sensible economic fundamentals. Secondly, this boom must be placed it in the context of financial crisis starting in 2007. In fact, the global financial crisis has begun with the north-American subp...

  5. PENERAPAN ANALISIS DU PONT PADA INDUSTRI PROPERTY DAN REAL ESTATE

    OpenAIRE

    Novita Ratna Satiti

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana analisis Du Pont System menilai kinerja keuangan industry property dan real estate, apakah analisis tersebut dapat mengetahui perusahaan mana yang memiliki kinerja keuangan yang paling baik. Variabel penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu menentuan ROI yang diperoleh dari penggabungan rasio aktivitas dan rasio profitabilitas. Alat analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Time Series dan Cross Section.Berdasarkan hasi...

  6. Estimating Net Realizable Value for Distressed Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    James D. Shilling; John D. Benjamin; Sirmans, C. F.

    1990-01-01

    This paper provides a framework for adjusting distressed real estate properties for liquidating discounts. We estimate the probability of receiving an offer on a property in any particular short interval of time. Our empirical evidence allows us to predict the average rate at which offers will occur in any particular interval of time. Further, it allows us to arrive at an estimate of net realizable value, adjusted for selling expenses.

  7. Consequences to water suppliers of collecting rainwater on housing estates

    OpenAIRE

    Gires, Auguste; De Gouvello, Bernard

    2009-01-01

    International audience; The collection, storage and use of rainwater from roofs reduce the need for potable water. However if water suppliers are to decrease their infrastructure costs as well as their operational costs (due to water savings), the rainwater system has to provide most of the time a significant percentage of the water demand. This paper adopts the view point of the water suppliers and investigates how reliable this source of water is in the case of a housing estate, considering...

  8. Fringe Benefits Compensation of Real Estate Agents and Brokers

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel T. Winkler; W. Keener Hughen

    2012-01-01

    Fringe benefits compensation offered by employers has grown rapidly over the past 50 years. Research in this area has been primarily limited to hourly and salaried employees. This study examines employer-based fringe benefits compensation of real estate agents and brokers. A model is developed that jointly estimates the income, hours worked, and fringe benefits compensation. The findings indicate that fringe benefits increase according to hours worked and the sales professional¡¦s contributio...

  9. Rationality and Momentum in Real Estate Investment Forecasts

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the rationality and momentum in forecasts for rental, capital value and total returns for the real estate investment market in the United Kingdom. In order to investigate if forecasters are affected by the general economic conditions present at the time of forecast we incorporate into the analysis Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the Default Spread (DS). The empirical findings show high levels of momentum in the forecasts, with highly persistent forecast errors. The result...

  10. Rationality and momentum in real estate investment forecasts\\ud

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the rationality and momentum in forecasts for rental, capital value and total returns for the real estate investment market in the United Kingdom. In order to investigate if forecasters are affected by the general economic conditions present at the time of forecast we incorporate into the analysis Gross Domestic Product(GDP) and the Default Spread (DS). The empirical findings show high levels of momentum in the forecasts, with highly persistent forecast errors. The results...

  11. Probabilidade e Estatística Aplicada à Hidrologia

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães, Rita Cabral

    2011-01-01

    Esta pubilicação pretende ser um manual de auxilio aos alunos na disciplinas de Hidrologia, Hidrologia Agrícola e Interpretação da Paisagem na área da probabilidade e estatistica aplicada à Hidrologia. Abordam-se temas básicos da teoria da estatística e da probabilidade para depois estes serema aplicados na resolução de problemas ligados à Hidrologia

  12. The Role of Real Estate in Sustainable Development in Developing Countries: The Case of the Kingdom of Bahrain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusra Mouzughi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The construction of real estate has the potential to advance sustainability in terms of meeting economic and social criteria—the Business Case and the Societal Case. This is a crucial aspect in the stated visions and plans in many developing countries. Hence, it is important to understand how real estate can best contribute. Semi-structured interviews with a number of decision-makers involved in the real estate sector in the Kingdom of Bahrain were undertaken to explore perceptions of how the sector could best contribute to sustainable development. The decision-makers came from government bodies, investment banks, real estate developers, investors, constructors, project consultants and auditors. The interviews highlight the importance of having a stated vision and strategy which is highly visible and shared by all stakeholders. In the case of Bahrain this is Vision 2030 and the National Economic Strategy. It is important to ensure that any plans that are put in place to achieve the vision/strategy are adaptable to reflect changes in the external environment. The decision-makers identified three areas of focus in terms of the content of policy in order to meet the economic and social-related sustainability criteria as set out in Vision 2030 and the National Economic Strategy. These are: infrastructure, affordable housing and tourism/leisure. Within these three areas, that of infrastructure is also the key enabler for developments in the other two areas to be realized. In terms of a method of governance, the use of public-private-partnerships (PPPs was identified as being highly appropriate. Such partnerships are not only useful to leverage private sector investment into specific development projects but also to ensure that such development harnesses innovative and efficient methods.

  13. Can the Ethics of the Fourth Estate Persevere in a Global Age?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ejvind

    2014-01-01

    for ethically good journalism. I argue that ethical evaluations should focus upon the meeting between normative ideals and factual realities. This meeting is always open because ideals can challenge reality, just as reality can challenge ideals. Ethical questions are thus always raising a fundamental “maybe......”. Traditionally the ideals of journalists have been articulated in close affiliation with ideas of the Fourth Estate. However, due to our globalised communicative structure, this articulation is in need of revision. I argue that the ethical requests change because the structure of Internet-based publics changes....... Departing from this situation I suggest that journalistic products are ethically urgent insofar as they both bring communities together and give voice to the inarticulate or voiceless. I argue that in order to substantiate this approach it is important to articulate rules, because rules further...

  14. Marketing Strategies in the Real-Estate Industry in Prishtina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.Sc. Nail Reshidi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Real Estate is the industry that has always influenced the economic development of a country due to very costly investment and employment to thousands of people. This industry has been vastly developing in recent years in Prishtina, resulting in huge demand for real estate, which led to the establishment of many construction companies ready to meet this demand. The paper draws on data collection and information with the purpose of exploring and analyzing marketing strategies of construction companies in Prishtina’s market. This paper examines the role of internal and external factors that influence the development of the Real Estate industry and analyses the trends for the future. The objects as picked for the study are construction companies currently operating in this market, which was done so as to analyse their ways of doing business and their strategies and plans for achieving their objectives. Also, this research includes the level of demand versus supply for these companies and the success of meeting these requirements.

  15. Jump point detection for real estate investment success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hui, Eddie C. M.; Yu, Carisa K. W.; Ip, Wai-Cheung

    2010-03-01

    In the literature, studies on real estate market were mainly concentrating on the relation between property price and some key factors. The trend of the real estate market is a major concern. It is believed that changes in trend are signified by some jump points in the property price series. Identifying such jump points reveals important findings that enable policy-makers to look forward. However, not all jump points are observable from the plot of the series. This paper looks into the trend and introduces a new approach to the framework for real estate investment success. The main purpose of this paper is to detect jump points in the time series of some housing price indices and stock price index in Hong Kong by applying the wavelet analysis. The detected jump points reflect to some significant political issues and economic collapse. Moreover, the relations among properties of different classes and between stocks and properties are examined. It can be shown from the empirical result that a lead-lag effect happened between the prices of large-size property and those of small/medium-size property. However, there is no apparent relation or consistent lead in terms of change point measure between property price and stock price. This may be due to the fact that globalization effect has more impact on the stock price than the property price.

  16. INTERDEPENDENCE OF COST AND QUALITY OF ITEMS OF REAL ESTATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukmanova Inessa Galeevna

    2012-10-01

    Calculation of reduction of the overall cost of the real estate item that has improved quality indicators in comparison with the overall cost of the real estate item of satisfactory quality, taken as a benchmark, is made. The nature of interrelation between the quality of building works and maintenance expenses is provided. The overall cost of the item increases alongside with the increase of its quality, therefore the pre-set quality indicator should be defined by taking account of the market conditions, rates charged for building works and payable by buyers, and the amount of building works that sell at a higher price. The indicator of the overall cost of the item of real estate, if forthcoming operational expenses are taken into account, i.e. calculated for the course of the overall life cycle of the item, is essential if the investor is going to maintain the building. Investors often act as sellers of completed buildings; therefore, the product price set at the time when it is offered for sale is of particular importance.

  17. Real estate mutual funds in Spain. Performance and persistence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Maside Sanfiz

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present paper is to study the performance and persistence of the returns of the spanish real estate mutual funds universe from the beginning of their activity, late 1994 until august 2012. We adopt the Jensen's alpha model, Sharpe's ratio and Carhart's (1997 methodology. In terms of efficiency, Sharpe's ratio shows negative values in the first three years of activity of each fund and very low or even negative values in the last three or four years. Jensen's indicator shows that the overall funds have underperformed the market, which has been approximated by the housing profitability and a half of the profitability of all real estate funds. Benchmarks portfolios that reflect the behavior of the bond or equity markets, did not turn out to be significant variables. There is evidence of persistence for one, two, three and four years, for the universe of funds. The evidence obtained in our work for the real estate funds in Spain, efficiency lower than that of the market and persistence in performance, allows us to confirm the difficult situation that has gone through and which continues to suffer this type of collective investment, highlighting the need and the urgency of driving measures to boost their activity.

  18. Integral energy concepts for housing estates; Integrale Energiekonzepte fuer Wohnsiedlungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisch, M.N.; Kuehl, L. [Technische Univ. Braunschweig (Germany)

    1998-06-01

    Integral energy concepts for housing estates require an early cooperation between architects, planners, and specialist engineers on the basis of a holistic planning approach. This is how future-oriented, sustainable concepts evolve which do justice to the multifarious requirements on the integral energy system of a housing estate. The present paper elucidates different approaches to optimising the energy efficiency of buildings such as the implementation of low-energy house concepts, building site and architectural planning, and detailed planning of heat insulation concepts, ventilation and air tightness concepts, and adapted heating systems. The solarisation of development plans has an influence on the arrangement of buildings, which are now planned to give the greatest possible passive and active solar energy gains. The authors also describe solar-assisted district heating systems for housing estates. [Deutsch] Integrale Energiekonzepte fuer Wohnsiedlungen erfordern die fruehe Zusammenarbeit von Architekten, Planern und Fachingenieuren im Rahmen einer ganzheitlichen Planung. So entstehen zukunftsweisende und tragfaehige Konzepte, die den vielschichtigen Anforderungen des Gesamtenergiesystems ``Wohnsiedlung`` gerecht werden. Im Folgenden wird die energetische Optimierung von Gebaeuden wie die Umsetzung von Niedrigenergiehaus-Konzepten, Standort und Gebaeudeplanung sowie Detailplanung in Bezug auf das Waermedaemmkonzept, Lueftungs-/Dichtheitskonzept und auf angepasste Waermeversorgungssysteme erl autert. Die Solarisierung von Bebauungsplaenen beeinflusste Anordnung der Gebaeude hinsichtlich der Nutzung passivsolarer Gewinne sowie des Einsatzes von Systemen der aktiven Solarenergienutzung. Solarunterstuetzte Nahwaermenetze fuer Wohnsiedlungen werden ebenfalls beschrieben.

  19. Neural Networks Modelling of Municipal Real Estate Market Rent Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muczyński Andrzej

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of research on the application of neural networks modelling of municipal real estate market rent rates. The test procedure was based on selected networks trained on the local real estate market data and transformation of the detected dependencies – through established models – to estimate the potential market rent rates of municipal premises. On this basis, the assessment of the adequacy of the actual market rent rates of municipal properties was made. Empirical research was conducted on the local real estate market of the city of Olsztyn in Poland. In order to describe the phenomenon of market rent rates formation an unidirectional three-layer network and a network of radial base was selected. Analyses showed a relatively low degree of convergence of the actual municipal rent rents with potential market rent rates. This degree was strongly varied depending on the type of business ran on the property and its’ social and economic impact. The applied research methodology and the obtained results can be used in order to rationalize municipal property management, including the activation of rental policy.

  20. A preliminary framework for corporate real estate sustainable management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauzi Nurul Sahida

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The global warming issue has motivated corporations to go green in their business operations including transforming from conventional real estate to green features real estate. However green CRE is more complex to manage due to a building’s significant impact on environmental, social and economic aspects. Thus the need to have a best practice guide or framework as reference is crucial. Unfortunately, no best practice guidelines on CRE management have been found to be sufficient as much uncertainty still exists on the sustainable performance measurement components. This research aims to explore and then summarize the present sustainable CREM practices and components relating to sustainable performance measurement integrating a sustainable theory that balances environmental, economic and social impacts. These act as indicators to measure the outcomes of the practice in the form of a generic model on sustainability preliminary framework for CRESM. The objectives of this research include identifying corporate real estate sustainable management (CRESM practice and components of sustainable performance measurement. The research uses content analysis method to analyse data gathered from literature and previous studies. The findings will be demonstrated in the form of a framework model on CRESM that will include14 CREM strategies and 15 components derived from analysis.

  1. Structure of the Real Estate Brokerage Industry: Requiem for the Heavyweights? Teachers Instructional Packet (TIP) No. 16, Spring 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Jack C.

    Part of a series of classroom aids designed for real estate instructors, this instructional packet was developed to help real estate students understand requirements for structure of the Texas real estate brokerage industry. First, information is presented on real estate brokerage, touching upon the industry's growth and the expansion of brokerage…

  2. Solid mineral fuels. Vocabulary. Kul. Terminologi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-01-01

    Official Danish terminology, in conjunction with the English, for solid mineral fuels. A definition of each term is given, and the publication includes both a Danish and an English index to the terms mentioned. (AB).

  3. An analysis of the existing problems in real estate business and its social responsibility%浅析房地产企业存在的问题以及其所承担的社会责任

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈佳婧; 陆闽

    2013-01-01

    我国房地产业在促进国民经济发展的同时,也承载不少社会矛盾和社会情绪,公众对房地产企业缺乏全面客观的认识,有时会把一些不应由企业承担的社会责任归咎于房地产企业。因此本文从房地产企业利益相关者入手,剖析房地产企业的社会责任,找寻其社会责任的合理承担范围,以期促进房地产企业社会责任的践行。%China's real estate industry in promoting economic development and at the same time, also carrying many social contradictions and social mood, the lack of public understanding of comprehensive and objective of real estate enterprises, sometimes some social responsibility not by corporate attributed to real estate enterprises. This article from the real estate business stakeholders to start, analyzes the social responsibility of real estate enterprise, seek the reasonable range for its social responsibility, in order to promote the practice of real estate enterprise social responsibility.

  4. Essays on local housing and real estate brokerage markets.:Essays on local housing and real estate brokerage markets.

    OpenAIRE

    Helgers, Roel

    2016-01-01

    As noted by the late housing economist John Quigley (1979), housing markets are characterized by a peculiar combination of features, such as durability, spatial fixity and multidimensional heterogeneity. The combination of these features differentiate it from other product markets and it has been shown that they have a non-negligible impact upon market outcomes in housing and real estate brokerage markets. The inherent spatial fixation and the multidimensional heterogeneity of housing units, ...

  5. Present China real estate industry price's reasonable research%当前我国房地产价格的合理性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈立新

    2012-01-01

    近年来,我国房地产价格大幅快速上涨,引起了公众和政府的高度关注。本文使用两个不同的指标分析了当前我国房地产市场的价格状况。从房价收入比来看,我国大部分居民的收入难以承受过高的房价,我国的房价存在很大的泡沫;从租金房价比来看,租金较低,房价严重偏高,目前房地产投资存在较高的风险,对房地产业以及整个国民经济和社会的稳定有着严重的影响。研究表明我国绝大多数城市的房屋定价不合理,严重偏高,房地产市场存在较大的泡沫和较高的风险。因此,政府还要继续对房地产业实行调控,加快实施保障性住房和廉租房建设,使房价逐步回归到合理水平,促进房地产业的持续、稳定、健康发展。%In the past years,China's real estate prices have increased greatly and caused a high degree concerns from public and government.This article uses two different indicators to analyze the current price of the real estate market in China.From the view of ratio of family earnings and real estate price,the family income of most of residents can not afford the high real estate price;the real estate of our country is a big bubble now.From the view of ratio of rental price and real estate price,rental price is low whereas real estate price is seriously high;real estate investment has more risk.The study showed that the housing prices in vast majority cities are unreasonable;there are severe big bubble and high risk in real estate market.Therefore,the Government should continually implement the real estate regulation to accelerate the construction of affordable housing and low-cost rental housing,to make the real estate prices gradually reaching a reasonable level,and to promote the developing of real estate industry sustained,stable and healthy.

  6. 24 CFR 3500.3 - Questions or suggestions from public and copies of public guidance documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Questions or suggestions from public and copies of public guidance documents. 3500.3 Section 3500.3 Housing and Urban...

  7. Environmental dynamic, business strategy, and financial performance: An empirical study of Indonesian property and real estate industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Wahyudi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Firm’s strategic orientation involves synchronizing environmental dynamics, corporate strategy and capital structure in order to achieve firm performance targets. The co-alignment model used successfully in the hospitality industry might be used in a wider context as a framework in explain- ing these relationships simultaneously. Using the data of public firms in Indonesia during the pe- riod of 1996-2010, we found that co-alignment model can be implemented in property and real estate industry as well as in hospitality industry.

  8. [Mineral water as a cure].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nocco, Priska Binz

    2008-01-01

    The treatment of diseases with mineral spring water belongs to the oldest medical therapies. The "remedy" mineral water is therefore of importance also within the pharmacy. The present pharmacy historical work examines the impact of the use of mineral waters, as well as of their dried components, as therapeutic agents in the 19th and early 20th centuries, i.e. from approx. 1810 to 1930, as well as the contributions given by pharmacists in the development and analysis of mineral water springs. Beside these aspects, the aim here is also to describe the role played by pharmacists in the production of artificial mineral water as well as in the sale and wholesale of natural and artificial mineral water. In the first part of this work the situation in Switzerland and its surrounding countries, such as Germany, France, Italy and Austria, is discussed. The second part contains a case-study of the particular situation in the Canton Tessin. It is known from the scientific literature published at that time that information on mineral water was frequently reported. Starting from the beginning of the 19th century the number of such publications increased tremendously. The major part of them were publications in scientific journals or contributions to medical and pharmaceutical manuals and reference books. In particular the spa-related literature, such as spa-guides, was of growing interest to a broad public. The inclusion of monographs into the Swiss, the Cantonal as well the foreign pharmacopoeias granted a legal frame for the mineral waters and their dried components. These works are of major importance from a pharmacy historical standpoint and represent a unique proof of historical evidence of the old medicinal drug heritage. The most frequently used therapies based on mineral waters were drinking and bath cures. Several diseases, particularly those of a chronic character, were treated with mineral waters. The positive influence of these cures on the recovery of the patients

  9. Comparing Teaching Styles and Personality Types of EFL Instructors in the Public and Private Sectors (Una comparación de los estilos de enseñanza y los tipos de personalidad de profesores de inglés de los sistemas educativos estatal y privado)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz Larenas, Claudio H.; Rodriguez Moran, Andrea Victoria; Poblete Rivera, Karen Jocelyn

    2011-01-01

    This is an exploratory non-experimental research study whose main objective is to compare the teaching styles of a group of thirty teachers of English working in either public or private secondary education in Chile. In order to collect the required data, two instruments were administered to the participants: a teaching style inventory and a…

  10. Miscellaneous Industrial Mineral Operations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes miscellaneous industrial minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals Information Team...

  11. Cost control for real estate development projects in ChinaPart 1:Literature review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏煦

    2014-01-01

    The background and purpose, and the current situation of the cost control theory of real estate development project are disscussed in the paper. Problems of cost control for real estate development projects in China are analyzed and summarized. According to the real estate development project cost control problems and related factors, a cost control index system of real estate development enterprise, and a cost control factors index system of real estate projects are constructed respectively. Cost control in the five stages of a real estate development project is introduced and summarized respectively. The five stages include:the investment decision-making, planning and design stage, the bidding phase, project implementation stage, and rental or sale.

  12. CORPORATE BOND MARKET OF REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT COMPANIES IN POLAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Gostkowska-Drzewicka

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article examines the features that determine the attractivenessof bonds as a financing instrument for real estate development projects in Poland, and the share of debt securities and bonds in the financing structure of real estate development companies. The implementation of such a formulated purpose required the application of methods of statistical description. Research was conducted on the basis of data from the statistics made by Fitch Ratings Polska, Catalyst, Narodowy Bank Polski, Związek Banków Polskich and the financial statements of bond issuers. The basic research period covers the years 1998-2012. However, due to the lack of published data about the structure of financing of development companies, interest rates, the nominal value, the bond structure by the buyers, the type, the purpose of issuance and the form of security, long-term studies were reduced to shorter periods. Results of the research indicate that the corporate bond market of development companies was in the phase of intensive growth in 2004-2012. Availability of funds obtained through the issuance of bonds increased by the establishment of appropriate infrastructure in 2009. The downturn in the real estate market initiated a series of structural changes in the financing of development companies in 2008- 2009. High margins and restrictive creditworthiness assessment brought on a search for alternative sources of financing. Due to restrictions imposed by the Act of 29th April 2012on the protection of the buyer of a dwelling or a single-family-house, it became important to provide flexible funding sources for development projects, including bond issuances.

  13. SPECIFIC ASPECTS OF REAL ESTATE MARKET AS AN OBJECT OF STATISTICAL RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuliya V. Bazhdanova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the peculiarities of development of the residential real estate market of Moscow. Several approaches to the analysis of formation of this economy segment are considered. Foundations and classification of residential real estate are given. A main attention is paid to parameters of assessed value of real estate. The pricing is considered within the frame of the existing tasks and goals.

  14. Real Estate Funds. Fiscal incentives to jump-start the property market

    OpenAIRE

    Sabrina Capilupi

    2014-01-01

    Real estate funds are a financial instrument enabling investors to transform real estate Investments into shares of financial assets, producing liquidity without the investor having to acquire and dispose of property. A strong boost to this type of investment - an alternative to the type of securities - is given by the favourable tax laws that foster the creation, management and participation in real estate funds. This article summarises the main provisions related to tax applicable to ...

  15. Real Estate Funds. Fiscal incentives to jump-start the property market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Capilupi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Real estate funds are a financial instrument enabling investors to transform real estate Investments into shares of financial assets, producing liquidity without the investor having to acquire and dispose of property. A strong boost to this type of investment - an alternative to the type of securities - is given by the favourable tax laws that foster the creation, management and participation in real estate funds. This article summarises the main provisions related to tax applicable to funds in this sector.

  16. Accruing Competitive Advantage from REIT: An Assessment of The Indian Real Estate Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, Mohit

    2007-01-01

    The real estate sector in India has assumed a growing importance with the liberalization of the economy. The consequent increase in business opportunities and migration of the labor force has, in turn increased the demand for commercial and housing space. However, lack of funds, poor transparency level, complex and hazy regulations and policies, and lack of financial infrastructure impede the growth of the Indian real estate industry. Moreover, it seems that Indian real estate companies were ...

  17. Wasting your assets--how to make better use of the NHS estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locke, J

    1994-05-01

    The impact of the health reforms together with other developments will mean that the 24 billion pounds NHS estate will undergo the most fundamental change since the days of Florence Nightingale. Against this background it is more important than ever that the utilisation of the estate is improved and that the NHS learns how to make the best use of private sector investment, says John Locke, Chief Executive of NHS Estates.

  18. A Qualitative Study of E-Business Adoption in the Real Estate Sector in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YAN SUN

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate e-business adoption into real estate agencies in China. This research focuses on the advantages and disadvantages of IT/IS (Information Technology/Information Systems integration through face to face interviews with property agency managers in Suzhou. Particularly, it looks into the real estate sector in China today and provides implications to improve service quality and stay competitive within local real estate agencies in Suzhou, China.

  19. Diagnosis based on strategic management practices: real estate agencies of Santa Maria - Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Patrícia Schrippe; Flaviani Souto Bolzan Medeiros; Andreas Dittmar Weise

    2015-01-01

    The paper aims to diagnosis the Strategic Management practices in real estate agencies in the city of Santa Maria – Brazil. For this, a questionnaire was developed by the authors with aid from Google Docs tool and was sent through an electronic mail to all real estate agencies, from which 25 agencies responded, representing about 56.8% of all agencies contacted. The main finding is the inefficiently structured strategic management in the real estate management, which includes a series of aspe...

  20. 36 CFR 1005.14 - Prospecting, mining, and mineral leasing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... mineral leasing. 1005.14 Section 1005.14 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PRESIDIO TRUST COMMERCIAL AND PRIVATE OPERATIONS § 1005.14 Prospecting, mining, and mineral leasing. Prospecting, mining, and the location of mining claims under the general mining laws and leasing under the mineral leasing laws...

  1. 36 CFR 254.34 - Mineral survey fractions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mineral survey fractions. 254... LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.34 Mineral survey fractions. (a) Mineral survey fractions subject to conveyance under this subpart are limited to those tracts which: (1) Cannot...

  2. Energy-efficient Renovation of a Real Estate in AUSTRIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korjenic Azra

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available An action have cities worldwide, due to urbanization. More than 70 percent of people in Europe live in cities, where 70 percent of the energy consumed. Without adequate measures, a rapidly growing city is at risk in by overloading the infrastructure, threats to water, energy, pollution, logistical bottlenecks and lack of housing. This paper describes an energy-efficient renovation or expansion planning a real estate in Vorarlberg, Austria. The settlement was analysed in more detail here, it involves the city Dornbirn- part Shor. The study investigated how to extend this settlement energy efficient and what feed for factors in the assessment.

  3. Unreal Estate and China’s Collective Unconscious

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tong Lam

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available For the photographic series featured in this issue of Cross-Currents—“Unreal Estate and China’s Collective Unconscious”—I have selected a diverse range of ruinous spaces to tell an alternative history of contemporary China’s hysterical transformation. Whereas historical monuments in China are frequently used by the state to symbolize civilizational pride and national humiliation, in order to mobilize the masses to observe their patriotic duty, the ruinous sites I seek to foreground in my photographs are non-places that represent the specter of history...

  4. Masalah Permukiman Kota: Permukiman Kumuh, Perumnas, dan Real Estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Sudaryono

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Perumahan sebagai salah satu komponen infrstruktur akan menjadi tema yang sangat penting dalam kerangka baik isue global maupun nasional, terutama dalam kaitannya dengan pembangunan industri pada kota-kota di Indonesia di masa datang. Studi ini akan membahas permasalahan dari tiga tipe deliveri perumahan di Indonesia yang cukup menonjol yakni: 1 pemukiman kumuh, 2 perumnas, dan 3 real estate. Secara singkat dapat dikatakan bahwa munculny pemukiman kumuh di kota-kota di Indonesia dan negara-negara berkembang pada umumnya adalah berakar pada gagapnya kota-kota tersebut dalam menyiasati gelombang global industrialisasi yang dibawa oleh revolusi industri.

  5. Energy-efficient Renovation of a Real Estate in AUSTRIA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korjenic, Azra; Vašková, Anna

    2015-11-01

    An action have cities worldwide, due to urbanization. More than 70 percent of people in Europe live in cities, where 70 percent of the energy consumed. Without adequate measures, a rapidly growing city is at risk in by overloading the infrastructure, threats to water, energy, pollution, logistical bottlenecks and lack of housing. This paper describes an energy-efficient renovation or expansion planning a real estate in Vorarlberg, Austria. The settlement was analysed in more detail here, it involves the city Dornbirn- part Shor. The study investigated how to extend this settlement energy efficient and what feed for factors in the assessment.

  6. 3D Weight Matrices in Modeling Real Estate Prices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mimis, A.

    2016-10-01

    Central role in spatial econometric models of real estate data has the definition of the weight matrix by which we capture the spatial dependence between the observations. The weight matrices presented in literature so far, treats space in a two dimensional manner leaving out the effect of the third dimension or in our case the difference in height where the property resides. To overcome this, we propose a new definition of the weight matrix including the third dimensional effect by using the Hadamard product. The results illustrated that the level effect can be absorbed into the new weight matrix.

  7. Environmental impacts assessment of industrial estate providing with managerial process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nouri, J.; Mahvi, A.H.; Younesian, M.; Nabizadeh, R.; Hashemi, I. [Univ. of Tehran (Iran)

    2007-07-01

    The existence of balance, coordination and required order among natural elements is one of the key factors in the ecosystem. If this balance is disturbed under certain circumstances, it will damage the structure of living existences and more specifically human beings. Since a half century ago, factors such as important economical and industrial activites, advanced technologies together with growing population and lack of concordance among different couhntries to take optimal advantage of the existing natural resources have distrubed the balance in the ecosystem. As a result, man has caused many problems such as high death tolls and arduous diseases due to the different pollutions in water, air, land, sound, temperature, etc and factors such as erosion, desert, expansion, floods, extinction of plant and animal species, ozone layer destruction, global warming, sea level rise and greenhouse gases increase. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is to recognize and assess systematic consequences of projects and programs on elements like physicochemical, biological, cultural, economical and social phenomena in th environment; in other words it is a way or method to determine the direction of predication and assessment of environmental impacts of activities on the environmental health of the ecosystem affecting human lives. In this study, and environmental impact assessment of the establishment of the Shahzand Industrial Estate in Arak at the central part of Iran was investigated. After collection of data and analysis of the findings, the positive and negative impacts resulting from establishment of the indutrial estate were investigated using the Leopold Matrix and Scaling checklist methods providing the managerial solutions in order to minimize the harmful environmental impacts. The existing environmental situation was investigated and then environmental impact alternatives were determined. This was done in regard to the amount and kind of predicted pollution for the

  8. Synthetic real estate: bringing corporate finance to health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varwig, D; Smith, J

    1998-01-01

    The changing landscape of health care has caused hospitals, health care systems, and other health care organizations to look for ways to finance expansions and acquisitions without "tainting" their balance sheets. This search has led health care executives to a financing technique that has been already embraced by Fortune 500 companies for most of this decade and more recently adopted by high-tech companies: synthetic real estate. Select case studies provide examples of the more creative financial structures currently being employed to meet rapidly growing and increasingly complex funding needs.

  9. 32 CFR 643.35 - Policy-Mineral leasing on lands controlled by the Department of the Army.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Department of the Army. 643.35 Section 643.35 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE Policy § 643.35 Policy—Mineral leasing on lands controlled by the Department of the Army. (a) Acquired lands—(1) General. The Coal Leasing Amendments Act...

  10. Clay minerals in pollution control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tateo, F. [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerca sulle Argille, Tito Scalo, PZ (Italy)

    2000-07-01

    Clay minerals are fundamental constituents of life, not only as possible actors in the development of life on the Earth (Cairns-Smith and Hartman, 1986), but mainly because they are essential constituents of soils, the interface between the solid planet and the continental biosphere. Many, many authors have devoted themselves to the study of clays and clay minerals since the publication of the early modern studies by Grim (1953, 1962) and Millot (1964). In those years two very important associations were established in Europe (Association Internationale pour l'Etude des Argiles, AIPEA) and in the USA (Clay Mineral Society, CMS). The importance of these societies is to put together people that work in very different fields (agronomy, geology, geochemistry, industry, etc.), but with a common language (clays), very useful in scientific work. Currently excellent texts are being published, but introductory notes are also available on the web (Schroeder, 1998).

  11. Neurobehavioral Performance of Estate Residents with Privately-Treated Water Supply.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Farizwana Mohd Ridzwan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Neurotoxicants present in water supply may affect human functions in terms of attention, response speed and perceptual motor speed. Neurobehavioural performance can be influenced by gender, age and education levels. This study aims to assess the neurobehavioral performance of palm oil estate residents with private water supply in southern Peninsular of Malaysia.A total of 287 and 246 participants from estates with private (PWS and public water supply (PUB were recruited to complete a demographic and subjective symptom questionnaire followed by the Neurobehavioral Core Test Battery (NCTB.PWS participants who consumed privately-treated water performed poorly in all NCTB tests compared to PUB participants except for Santa Ana test. Significant group differences in neurobehavioral performance were found for Digit Span Backward (P=0.047, Benton Visual Retention (P=0.006 and Trail Making B tests (P<0.05; which measures the function of memory, attention and visual perception-conceptual. Gender, age and years of education influenced the NCTB scores (P<0.05. Female participants performed poorly in tests measuring latency but excellently tackled those tests that determined association. Younger participants from both PWS and PUB performed better on NCTB tests when compared to other age groups (P<0.05. PWS and PUB participants in this study who received a longer duration of education excelled in the NCTB tests (P=0.000.Poor neurobehavioral performance is associated with low water supply quality which affects neurofunctions in terms of attention, memory, response and perceptual motor speed.

  12. Astronomy, Art and Mythology in a Public Elementary School in Itaocara/rj. (Spanish Title: Astronomía, Arte y Mitologia en el Ensino Fundamental en Una Escuela de la Red Estatal en ITAOCARA/RJ.) Astronomia, Arte e Mitologia no Ensino Fundamental em Escola da Rede Estadual em ITAOCARA/RJ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira Bernardes, Adriana; Ramos dos Santos, Arleidimar

    2008-12-01

    Volunteer advisors at Itaocara Astronomy Club Marcos Pontes(CAIMP), in their majority high school students, introduced students at Teotônio Brandão Vilela Elementary School to basic concepts in Astronomy, Physics, and Mythology. Computer Science, Arts, puppetry, and educational videos were used to stimulate students to share their feelings and test their knowledge of the concepts presented. The work done by the volunteers helped boost the student's self-esteem and improved their oral skills by applying their knowledge of Physics and Astronomy in Lab experiments. The main goals of the CAIMP are the possibility of including astronomy in Elementary school curricula and developing an interdisciplinary work involving Astronomy, Arts, and Mythology. Through tests and reports, the students who participated in the Brazilian Astronomy Olympics, showed an increase in their knowldge of the sujects presented during the volunteer work. Durante el curso de un trabajo voluntario con estudiantes de nivel primario (1 º a 4 º grado), los guías de Astronomía miembros del CAIMP (Club de Astronomía de Itaocara "Marcos Puentes"), en su mayoría estudiantes secundarios, desarrollaron un trabajo de introducción a las Ciencias y Astronomía con alumnos del colegio estatal Teotônio Vilela Brandão. A través de talleres de informática, artes, videos educativos y teatro de títeres, los estudiantes pudieron expresar sus conocimientos y emociones frente a las leyendas mitológicas con las que se inició el trabajo de introducción. La labor desarrollada por los guías con los alumnos promovió la integración entre las aulas del colegio haciéndolos participar en actividades con el fin de estimular su expresión verbal y aumentar su autoestima. Trabajando diversas formas de expresión, los alumnos pudieron realizar experimentos y conocer algunos conceptos de Física y Astronomía al mismo tiempo que adquirían autonomía para la libre expresión de sus sentimientos y de los

  13. Determinants of pathologic mineralization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirsch, Thorsten

    2008-01-01

    Physiologic mineralization is necessary for the formation of skeletal tissues and for their appropriate functions during adulthood. Mineralization has to be controlled and restricted to specific regions. If the mineralization process occurs in regions that normally do not mineralize, there can be severe consequences (pathologic or ectopic mineralization). Recent findings have indicated that physiologic and pathologic mineralization events are initiated by matrix vesicles, membrane-enclosed particles released from the plasma membranes of mineralization-competent cells. The understanding of how these vesicles are released from the plasma membrane and initiate the mineralization process may provide novel therapeutic strategies to prevent pathologic mineralization. In addition, other regulators (activators and inhibitors) of physiologic mineralization have been identified and characterized, and there is evidence that the same factors also contribute to the regulation of pathologic mineralization. Finally, programmed cell death (apoptosis) may be a contributor to physiologic mineralization and if occurring after tissue injury may induce pathologic mineralization and mineralization-related differentiation events in the injured and surrounding areas. This review describes how the understanding of mechanisms and factors regulating physiologic mineralization can be used to develop new therapeutic strategies to prevent pathologic or ectopic mineralization events.

  14. Felicidad, suicidio, riqueza y desempeño estatal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Flórez Ruiz

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Mediante una puesta en perspectiva del estudio clásico de Durkheim (1897 sobre el suicidio como síntoma de malestar social y un análisis crítico de la proliferación reciente de índices globales de medición de la felicidad, este artículo propone articular ambas variables (tasa de suicidio y coeficiente de felicidad como indicadores del desempeño estatal en la dimensión del bienestar subjetivo de sus habitantes. Pone además en evidencia el sesgo que ha llevado a excluir estos dos parámetros, al igual que el impacto ambiental de los países, de los índices de bajo desempeño estatal existentes debido a que los Estados más ricos, “centros de producción” donde se construyen estas tablas comparativas, no son necesariamente los más felices y presentan tasas relativamente altas de muerte voluntaria. El Happy Planet Index constituye una notable excepción a esta tendencia, pero su metodología resulta insatisfactoria. La religiosidad, las instituciones políticas y la economía en sus tres dimensiones: riqueza, pobreza y desigualdad, están presentes en la reflexión como factores de felicidad pero se les matiza para evitar caer en determinismos.

  15. Consequences to water suppliers of collecting rainwater on housing estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gires, Auguste; de Gouvello, Bernard

    2009-01-01

    The collection, storage and use of rainwater from roofs reduce the need for potable water. However, if water suppliers are to decrease their infrastructure costs as well as their operational costs (due to water savings), the rainwater system has to provide most of the time a significant percentage of the water demand. This paper adopts the viewpoint of the water suppliers and investigates how reliable this source of water is in the case of a housing estate, considering WC flushing as the only water demand. A housing estate was modelled and different realistic input scenarios (water demand for WC flushing, storage capacity, roof area, and rainfall) were defined. Three indicators were exhibited. The variability generated by each input on the indicators was evaluated. The indicators were estimated for 63 homogeneously distributed French cities. Among the indicators exhibited in this paper, the most relevant one is the percentage of water supplied from the tank that is secured during 95% of the days of the simulation. The main conclusion is that the optimum way of determining the storage capacity of the rainwater collection system is not the same from the viewpoint of the users than from the viewpoint of the water suppliers. Indeed, water suppliers tend to require bigger tanks in order to take into account the rainwater collection systems in their management plan.

  16. Felicidad, suicidio, riqueza y desempeño estatal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Flórez Ruiz

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Mediante una puesta en perspectiva del estudio clásico de Durkheim (1897 sobre el suicidio como síntoma de malestar social y un análisis crítico de la proliferación reciente de índices globales de medición de la felicidad, este artículo propone articular ambas variables (tasa de suicidio y coeficiente de felicidad como indicadores del desempeño estatal en la dimensión del bienestar subjetivo de sus habitantes. Pone además en evidencia el sesgo que ha llevado a excluir estos dos parámetros, al igual que el impacto ambiental de los países, de los índices de bajo desempeño estatal existentes debido a que los Estados más ricos, “centros de producción” donde se construyen estas tablas comparativas, no son necesariamente los más felices y presentan tasas relativamente altas de muerte voluntaria. El Happy Planet Index constituye una notable excepción a esta tendencia, pero su metodología resulta insatisfactoria. La religiosidad, las instituciones políticas y la economía en sus tres dimensiones: riqueza, pobreza y desigualdad, están presentes en la reflexión como factores de felicidad pero se les matiza para evitar caer en determinismos.

  17. The incorporation of sustainability into the real estate investment portfolio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baas, L.

    2013-06-15

    This graduation report describes the findings of a research in the area of Real Estate Management, section Building Economics. The subject of the research relates to the added value of sustainable offices in the real estate investment portfolio. The question which is leading throughout this report is whether the extent of sustainability influences the financial performance of office buildings in the Netherlands. But on which grounds are these assumptions made? The gathered information compares actual energy consumption in relation to theoretical knowledge of a governmental regulated energy performance scheme. To find an accurate answer a quantitative research has been conducted at a sustainability-driven organization, the Dutch Green Building Council (in short: DGBC). An extensive literature review provided the author with a solid background to investigate the relation of financial performance compared to sustainability features. This knowledge enabled him to define a hedonic pricing model and thus to look into financial benefits of better performing assets. This model is used to highlight significant locational, asset-related and sustainable features that act as predictors for offices. Especially the degree of sustainability comes to mind when this data is compared with actual consumption instead of theoretically defined through a standardized calculation. This resulted into recommendations and eventually discussions gathered at the end of this report. This report aims not only on the change of one's mind about the importance of sustainability but also on the added value of information flows for operational management.

  18. THE HISTORY OF BORSEC MINERAL WATER BOTTLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. B. TOFAN

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The History of Borsec Mineral Water Bottling. The mineral water springs of Borsec have been known to exist since ancient times. It started as a legend, presented by Orbán Balász, who mentions an author named Salzer. In his „Voyage Diaries in Transylvania”, Salzer recounts the discovery of healing springs in the area, and attributes it, like many other authors, to a Romanian shepherd called Gheorghe, who, suffering from ulcer, returning home one day, drank from one of the Borsec springs. Drinking the sour water, he felt better. Consequently, he remained there for a couple of days, drinking water from the same spot and curing his ailment. Written documents date back from the 16th century, when Bethlen Farkas, in the historical novel „Historia”, recounts that, in 1594, Sigismund Bathory, who resided in Alba Iulia, suffered from nervous exhaustion. His Italian doctor, Bucello, who knew about the curing effects of the Borsec mineral waters, prescribed a treatment using the water from the „Lobogó” spring. The water, transported to the princely estate in large covered barrels, eventually healed Sigismund Bathory. It is easy to see why, at the end of the 16th century, the mineral water of Borsec, with its miracle properties, was well known in Transylvania and at the imperial court of Vienna. The above mentioned spring, used from the 19th century onwards, for spas and for bottling, earned great renown, especially due to the high concentration of CO2 (over 2.5 g/l. The bottled sparkling water, due to its pleasant taste and its chemical stability, is the most sought after table water. This explains why, in most cases, the notion of mineral water is associated with „Borsec”.

  19. THE ANALYSIS OF THE REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS IN THE CURRENT ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hristea Anca Maria

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Real estate investments are one of the most attractive business opportunities in the context of the contemporary economy, generally marked by economic recession and especially by monetary and financial instability. Last years international reporting concluded that deepening the global economic crisis determined an increase of the real estate request, while despite all expectations one did not assist a crash of the prices. Economic reality showed that real estate assets value (buildings, land kept proportions with economic reality over time. A comparison between stock exchange market and the real estate market shows that while an movables investor (investments in stocks, bonds or life insurance might lose completely his initial investment, the investments in real estate assets, such as buildings, would keep their quality as goods and would also keep a value to better resist shocks and thus allowing an increase of the capital. When appreciating the value of an investment the first things to analyze are the return, liquidity and risk criteria, which are essential in real estate investments too. Stimulating real estate market must be not only a wish but also a reality of global economy, since it can correct many of the aggregated indicators of a country. Containing scientifically detached from economic practice, this article is addressed to readers with interests in real estate investment. The language is usually referred particularly to the qualitative side of the real estate market approach. The feasibility of the real estate investments is being conditioned by their capacity to generate important profits, on the background of the reduction of the duration of recovery of their value. The economic instability from the last couple of years has generated fears and failures but, paraphrasing Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, courage is a mixture of genius, magic and power that helps us succeed in everything we set our mind to. The investments on the real

  20. Mineral Facilities of Latin America and Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, Rachel; Eros, Mike; Quintana-Velazquez, Meliany

    2006-01-01

    This data set consists of records for over 900 mineral facilities in Latin America and Canada. The mineral facilities include mines, plants, smelters, or refineries of aluminum, cement, coal, copper, diamond, gold, iron and steel, nickel, platinum-group metals, salt, and silver, among others. Records include attributes such as commodity, country, location, company name, facility type and capacity if applicable, and generalized coordinates. The data were compiled from multiple sources, including the 2003 and 2004 USGS Minerals Yearbooks (Latin America and Candada volume), data to be published in the 2005 Minerals Yearbook Latin America and Canada Volume, minerals statistics and information from the USGS minerals information Web site (minerals.usgs.gov/minerals), and data collected by USGS minerals information country specialists. Data reflect the most recent published table of industry structure for each country. Other sources include statistical publications of individual countries, annual reports and press releases of operating companies,and trade journals. Due to the sensitivity of some energy commodity data, the quality of these data should be evaluated on a country-by-country basis. Additional information and explanation is available from the country specialists.

  1. 76 FR 77053 - Proposed Collection; Income, Excise, and Estate and Gift Taxes Effective Dates, etc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-09

    ... Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Income, Excise, and Estate and Gift Taxes Effective Dates... information collection requirements related to income, excise, and estate and gift taxes; effective dates and other issues arising under the employee benefit provisions of the tax reform act of 1984. DATES: Written...

  2. Actions and interactions : social relationships in a low-income housing estate in Kitale, Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muller, M.S.

    1975-01-01

    Focuses upon social interaction patterns in the Housing Estate of Kitale (Kenya). The inhabitants of this low income Housing Estate are sensitive to the same kind of spatial characteristics of housing as are people living under similar conditions in other societies. Both their economic and housing

  3. Towards phronetic knowledge for strategic planning in corporate real estate management: A real options approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reedt Dortland, van Maartje; Voordijk, Hans; Dewulf, Geert

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The objective of this paper is to provide insights about the potential of real option thinking for corporate real estate management (CREM) from the owner-user perspective. A promising approach to classifying and evaluating flexibility in real estate is the real options approach. Most lite

  4. 7 CFR 765.401 - Conditions for transfer of real estate and chattel security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conditions for transfer of real estate and chattel security. 765.401 Section 765.401 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM... Security and Assumption of Debt § 765.401 Conditions for transfer of real estate and chattel security. (a...

  5. 7 CFR 1955.111 - Sale of real estate for RH purposes (housing).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Sale of real estate for RH purposes (housing). 1955.111 Section 1955.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL... Inventory Property Rural Housing (rh) Real Property § 1955.111 Sale of real estate for RH purposes (housing...

  6. 7 CFR 767.153 - Sale of real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sale of real estate inventory property. 767.153 Section 767.153 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY....153 Sale of real estate inventory property. (a) Pricing. (1) The Agency will advertise property for...

  7. 17 CFR 210.3-15 - Special provisions as to real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Financial Statements § 210.3-15 Special provisions as to real estate investment trusts. (a)(1) The income... real estate investment trust under applicable provisions of the Internal Revenue Code as amended shall... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special provisions as to real...

  8. 76 FR 39341 - Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK21 Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate... to encourage non-real estate investments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Julie Hanlon-Bolton, (202...

  9. 26 CFR 1.822-2 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.822-2 Section... Premium Deposits) § 1.822-2 Real estate owned and occupied. The limitation in section 822(d)(1) on the amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation upon or with respect to any real...

  10. 17 CFR 210.8-06 - Real estate operations acquired or to be acquired.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate operations acquired or to be acquired. 210.8-06 Section 210.8-06 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND... Statements of Smaller Reporting Companies § 210.8-06 Real estate operations acquired or to be acquired. If...

  11. Real Estate Course Outlines--Principles, Appraisal, Finance, Law, Math, Property Management, Investments, Marketing, Brokerage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    This series of course outlines was developed by the Texas Real Estate Research Center to help instructors in developing courses in compliance with the Texas Real Estate License Act Section 7(a). The outlines are general in nature and designed to serve as the basis for the development of a comprehensive course outline based on the texts and…

  12. 78 FR 2483 - Ohio Terminal Railway Company-Operation Exemption-Hannibal Real Estate, LLC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Ohio Terminal Railway Company--Operation Exemption--Hannibal Real Estate, LLC...), pursuant to an operating agreement with Hannibal Real Estate, LLC (Hannibal). \\1\\ OTRC is a wholly owned...

  13. University Real Estate Development Database: A Database-Driven Internet Research Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiewel, Wim; Kunst, Kara

    2008-01-01

    The University Real Estate Development Database is an Internet resource developed by the University of Baltimore for the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, containing over six hundred cases of university expansion outside of traditional campus boundaries. The University Real Estate Development database is a searchable collection of real estate…

  14. 76 FR 39343 - New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK04 New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments... markets tax credit program to facilitate and encourage investments in non-real estate businesses in low...

  15. MODERN TENDENCIES IN THE FIELD OF THE COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.Chubuk

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The advantages of owners, got from the use of services of professional real estate management, are exposed. The spheres of most distribution of professional services of real estate management, their progress trends, prevailing form of organization of mutual relations between the owner of the real estate and managing company, special terms of payments for services are revealed. The range of management services and specific criteria of a choice of management companies in domestic practice are exposed, the rating of the leading companies in the market of complex services of commercial real estate management in Ukraine is given. Dynamics of the indicators, characterizing a condition of the market and efficiency of using of commercial real estate in Kiev for the period before and after financial and economic crisis, is illustrated. Reasons that limits possibilities of strategic real estate management in a long-term prospect are examines. The comparative analysis of attractiveness of basic sectors of the Ukrainian commercial property market (office, trade, ware-house real estate is conducted from positions of investing and professional management. There is proved that perspective of investments in the ware-house (industrial real estate is reasonable.

  16. University Real Estate Development Database: A Database-Driven Internet Research Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiewel, Wim; Kunst, Kara

    2008-01-01

    The University Real Estate Development Database is an Internet resource developed by the University of Baltimore for the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, containing over six hundred cases of university expansion outside of traditional campus boundaries. The University Real Estate Development database is a searchable collection of real estate…

  17. 17 CFR 210.3-14 - Special instructions for real estate operations to be acquired.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... General Instructions As to Financial Statements § 210.3-14 Special instructions for real estate operations... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special instructions for real estate operations to be acquired. 210.3-14 Section 210.3-14 Commodity and Securities Exchanges...

  18. Geoinformatic subsystem for real estate market analysis). (Polish Title: Podsystem geoinformatyczny do analizy rynku nieruchomosci)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basista, A.

    2013-12-01

    There are many tools to manage spatial data. They called Geographic Information System (GIS), which apart from data visualization in space, let users make various spatial analysis. Thanks to them, it is possible to obtain more, essential information for real estate market analysis. Many scientific research present GIS exploitation to future mass valuation, because it is necessary to use advanced tools to manage such a huge real estates' data sets gathered for mass valuation needs. In practice, appraisers use rarely these tools for single valuation, because there are not many available GIS tools to support real estate valuation. The paper presents the functionality of geoinformatic subsystem, that is used to support real estate market analysis and real estate valuation. There are showed a detailed description of the process relied to attributes' inputting into the database and the attributes' values calculation based on the proposed definition of attributes' scales. This work presents also the algorithm of similar properties selection that was implemented within the described subsystem. The main stage of this algorithm is the calculation of the price creative indicator for each real estate, using their attributes' values. The set of properties, chosen in this way, are visualized on the map. The geoinformatic subsystem is used for the un-built real estates and living premises. Geographic Information System software was used to worked out this project. The basic functionality of gvSIG software (open source software) was extended and some extra functions were added to support real estate market analysis.

  19. Estate planning for forest landowners: what will become of your timberland?

    Science.gov (United States)

    William C. Siegel; Harry L. Haney; John L. Greene

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this book is to provide guidelines and assistance to nonindustrial private forest owners and the legal, tax, financial, insurance, and forestry professionals who serve them on the application of estate planning techniques to forest properties. The book presents a working knowledge of the Federal estate and gift tax law as of September 30, 2008, with...

  20. Real estate added value and decision-making in hospital infrastructure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Zwart, J.

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the concept of adding value to corporate performance by real estate, and how this concept could be applied in decision-making processes for new hospital infrastructure. A literature review forms the starting point for interviews carried out with hospitals‘ CEOs on how real estate

  1. 31 CFR 353.75 - Payment or reissue during the existence of the fiduciary estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Payment or reissue during the existence of the fiduciary estate. 353.75 Section 353.75 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to... reissue during the existence of the fiduciary estate. (a) Payment or reissue before maturity—(1)...

  2. 31 CFR 315.75 - Payment or reissue during the existence of the fiduciary estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Payment or reissue during the existence of the fiduciary estate. 315.75 Section 315.75 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to... Fiduciaries § 315.75 Payment or reissue during the existence of the fiduciary estate. (a) Payment or...

  3. 31 CFR 360.75 - Payment or reissue during the existence of the fiduciary estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Payment or reissue during the existence of the fiduciary estate. 360.75 Section 360.75 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to... during the existence of the fiduciary estate. (a) Request from the fiduciaries named in the...

  4. Real Estate Course Outlines--Principles, Appraisal, Finance, Law, Math, Property Management, Investments, Marketing, Brokerage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    This series of course outlines was developed by the Texas Real Estate Research Center to help instructors in developing courses in compliance with the Texas Real Estate License Act Section 7(a). The outlines are general in nature and designed to serve as the basis for the development of a comprehensive course outline based on the texts and…

  5. 26 CFR 20.2056(b)-7 - Election with respect to life estate for surviving spouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... surviving spouse. 20.2056(b)-7 Section 20.2056(b)-7 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF..., 1954 Taxable Estate § 20.2056(b)-7 Election with respect to life estate for surviving spouse. (a) In... paragraph (a) is treated as passing to the surviving spouse (for purposes of § 20.2056(a)-1), and no part...

  6. Noteworthy: commercial real estate: recession takes toll, banks put at risk

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Texas' commercial real estate market steadily worsened as recession took hold in 2009. Commercial real estate's woes don't bode well for banks already struggling with losses from residential loans. The number of distressed properties--those in foreclosure, in bankruptcy or restructured--is rising.

  7. Utilizing 3D building and 3D cadastre geometries for better valuation of existing real estate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Isikdag, U.; Horhammer, M.; Zlatanova, S.; Kathmann, R.; Van Oosterom, P.J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Valuation of the properties is known as real estate appraisal, property valuation or land valuation and is a process which focuses on determining the value of a building or a land lot. The valuation of each real estate is required prior to any transaction as every property is unique in terms of shap

  8. Urban geography of high-rise housing estates and its application in urban planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan Rebernik

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Research about perception and evaluation of living environment by the population of high-rise housing estates in Ljubljana and its potential application in urban planing is presented in the paper. By the use of questionnaire surveys in different high-rise housing estates characteristics of residential location decisions and potential intraurban migrations are defined.

  9. 32 CFR 644.8 - Planning and scheduling real estate activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... take their homes, farms and businesses. Therefore, the importance of keeping landowners and others... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Planning and scheduling real estate activities... (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Civil Works § 644.8 Planning and...

  10. Home Performance XML to Real Estate Standards Organization Data Dictionary Translator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2015-10-27

    This translator takes fields from the HPXML and translates them into RESO’s Data Dictionary, which is used in MLS systems for real estate transactions across the country. The purpose is to get energy efficiency data into the real estate transaction.

  11. Sustainability Aspects of Real Estate Development: Lithuanian Case Study of Sports and Entertainment Arenas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasa Apanavičienė

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The principles of sustainability have become particularly important in the real estate and construction sector over the past decade. Despite extended efforts to evaluate the sustainability aspects of the real estate development, very few attempts have been exposed in the scientific literature pursuing integrating the investors and real estate developers’ responsibility for the local community, regional economy and environmental problems within their financial expectations. The paper presents methodology enabling evaluating the balance of real estate development sustainability and financial viability issues during the feasibility study process. The Model for Real Estate Investment Evaluation Based on Sustainable Development Aspects proposed by the authors was applied to the case study of Lithuanian sports and entertainment arenas. By using multi-criteria decision analysis sustainability assessment of multi-functional arenas was carried out which disclosed that positive sustainability effects lays down on the owner’s and operator’s monetary liabilities.

  12. A Vector Auto Regression Model Applied to Real Estate Development Investment: A Statistic Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fengyun Liu

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes the economic system dynamics of investment in real estate from mainly four participants in China. Local governments limit the supply of commercial and residential land to raise fiscal revenue, and expand debts by land mortgage to develop industrial zones and parks. Led by local government, banks and real estate development enterprises forge a coalition on real estate investment and facilitate real estate price appreciation. The above theoretical model is empirically evidenced with VAR (Vector Auto Regression methodology. A panel VAR model shows that land leasing and real estate price appreciation positively affect local government general fiscal revenue. Additional VAR models find that bank credit in addition to private and foreign funds respectively have strong positive dynamic effects on housing prices. Housing prices also have a strong positive impact on speculation from private funds and hot money.

  13. DIAGNOSIS BASED ON STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PRACTICES: REAL ESTATE AGENCIES OF SANTA MARIA - BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Schrippe

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to diagnosis the Strategic Management practices in real estate agencies in the city of Santa Maria – Brazil. For this, a questionnaire was developed by the authors with aid from Google Docs tool and was sent through an electronic mail to all real estate agencies, from which 25 agencies responded, representing about 56.8% of all agencies contacted. The main finding is the inefficiently structured strategic management in the real estate management, which includes a series of aspects, such as strategic planning, indexes, SWOT analysis and employees training. Although the economic outlook was positive for real estate agencies in the last years, if they had gotten used tools of strategic management, the agencies could been enjoying a stronger financial and strategic position. Thus, the major implication of this paper is contributed broad diagnosis the strategic management operation in real estate agencies in the city of Santa Maria – Brazil.

  14. Adubação orgânica e mineral em melissa Organic and mineral fertilization in lemon balm

    OpenAIRE

    Sodré,Ana Carolina B; Lenita L Haber; José Magno Q Luz; Márcia OM Marques; Carlos R. Rodrigues

    2013-01-01

    A melissa (Melissa officinalis) é uma planta medicinal comumente usada como calmante e ingerida na forma de chá. Para otimizar sua produção, este trabalho objetivou avaliar o efeito de diferentes doses de esterco bovino, com relação ao fertilizante mineral na produção de biomassa foliar e teor de óleo essencial. O experimento foi conduzido na Universidade Federal de Uberlândia e no Instituto Agronômico de Campinas. O delineamento estatístico foi de blocos casualisados com seis tratamentos (0,...

  15. Cure for the future: the real options approach in corporate real estate management. An exploratory study in Dutch health care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reedt Dortland, van M.W.J.

    2013-01-01

    Health organizations face increasingly more and complex uncertainties which influences the provision of healthcare. Real estate facilitates this primary process and therefore has to change accordingly. Corporate Real Estate Management is the discipline that develops strategies that match the current

  16. 75 FR 62412 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Good Neighbor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ... of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD- Owned Real Estate-Good Neighbor Next Door... following information: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate-Good Neighbor Next Door Program. OMB Control...

  17. 75 FR 62413 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Dollar Home...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ... of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD- Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales... also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales...

  18. ANALYSIS OF PRICE BUBBLES ON THE CZECH REAL ESTATE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gevorgyan Kristine

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This thesis deals with the issue of price bubbles on the Czech real estate market. The theoretical part explains the price bubble in terms of behavioural finance, and describes the relationship between monetary policy and asset prices from the perspective of the Austrian school and representatives of traditional economics. In the empirical part, it presents ways of identifying bubbles on the property market using relative indicators and econometric models. By means of econometric methods, this thesis analyses specific factors that influence housing prices in the Czech Republic. It puts a particular emphasis on the impact of interest rates on asset prices, because low inflation and expansionary monetary policy can create conditions for the formation of price bubbles.

  19. Lo público, lo estatal y la democracia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Iazzetta

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available La calidad de lo público no resulta indistinta para juzgar la calidad de una democracia, pues la vitalidad y diversidad de aquel espacio delimita sus posibilidades de despliegue y profundización. Sin embargo, lo público se nutre tanto de la energía proveniente de la asociatividad, participación, deliberación y auto-organización de la sociedad civil, como de la universalidad que el Estado debe asegurar para tornar efectiva la promesa democrática. En esa zona confluyen por consiguiente, energías provenientes de lo público-social como de lo público-estatal. Sin desconocer esa complejidad, en este trabajo nos centraremos en este último aspecto, entendiendo esta elección como una vía de entrada –entre otras posibles– para reflexionar sobre algunas tareas democráticas pendientes.

  20. PROBLEMS OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT WITHIN A REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitriy A. Bryksin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes problems of organization management within a real estate development, the analysis of this problems and the methods of its solution based on the Balanced Scorecard. In present unsteady conditions of business development, commercial activity faces a number of problems. The main types are: the problem of lack of funding, the problem of the growth of a company, the company’s management problem, the problem of business processes, and the problem of the decision-making. As a method to solve the problems is proposed an introduction of the balanced scorecard (BSC, which allows accurately feel the slightest changes in the company, deviation from the planned strategies and adjust the direction of the motion during the life of the company.

  1. Modelling real estate business for governance and learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2006-01-01

    were drafted. Also, a follow-up action is in process of approval: Rearrangement of Property Rights for Rural and Urban Areas. A short study programme on Cadastral Development is proposed, which might enhance university networking with clusters of the micro-enterprises, which provide technical services...... the FIG profession(s) at European scope. A recent EU Communication, COM(2005) 152, calls for university networks, which meet criteria of critical mass; interdisciplinary teaching; a strong European dimension; backing from regional/national authorities and direct involvement of industry; as well...... as identified and declared areas of excellence. Within the above context, the paper refers to outcomes and experiences from the research action: Modelling Real Property Transactions (2001-2005). Among others, processes related to real estate (purchase, subdivision) were modelled and corresponding ontologies...

  2. CONSTRUCCIÓN DE UNA COMUNIDAD VIRTUAL DE APRENDIZAJE AMBIENTAL (CVAA: ESPACIO INTERACTIVO PARA AMBIENTALIZAR EL QUEHACER UNIVERSITARIO ESTATAL DE COSTA RICA (BUILDING A VIRTUAL COMMUNITY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL LEARNING (VCEL: AN INTERACTIVE SPACE TO ENHANCE ENVIRONMENTALISM INTO THE REGULAR OBLIGATIONS OF PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES IN COSTA RICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zúñiga Vega Claudia

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:Este artículo tiene como objetivo presentar el caso de la construcción y puesta en práctica de la Comunidad Virtual de Aprendizaje Ambiental (CVAA en Costa Rica, cuya página está disponible en la siguiente dirección www.comunidad.inie.ucr.ac.cr. Es un sitio Web que servirá para dar un mayor impulso a la incorporación del eje ambiental en la vida universitaria costarricense, así como para hacer un recuento de sus actividades hasta el 2011. La CVAA ha facilitado el intercambio académico para recuperar, analizar, discutir, compartir y gestar experiencias que faciliten la incorporación de la dimensión ambiental en el quehacer cotidiano de las universidades estatales. Se concluye que esta estrategia tecnológica favorece la participación de diferentes sectores universitarios, la transversalización de la dimensión ambiental y el desarrollo profesional en dicho ámbito.Abstract: The purpose of this article is to present a case study related to the building and practicality of a virtual community for environmental learning (VCEL, www.comunidad.inie.ucr.ac.cr in Costa Rica. This website will serve as the driving force to the integration of a curricula into the environmental education in the Costa Rican university life. The paper also shows the virtual community activities throughout the year 2011. The VCEL (CVAA, acronyms in Spanish has made the academic exchange possible in order to retrieve, analyze, compare and develop experiences that facilitate the integration of an environmental dimension into the everyday duties of public universities. The conclusions of this article determine that this technological strategy favors the involvement of all of the participants at the university level (faculty, students and administration, encourages the mainstreaming of the environmental dimension and promotes professional development in the environmental field.

  3. La emergencia del ambientalismo estatal y social en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo A. Gutiérrez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available La primera agencia ambiental estatal fue tempranamente creada en Argentina con el retorno a la democracia en 1973 y tras la Conferencia de Estocolmo de 1972. No obstante, la creación de instituciones estatales ambientales ha distado de ser incremental y sólo comenzó a ganar vigor en la década de 1990. Simultáneamente, las organizaciones sociales ambientalistas emergieron en sucesivas oleadas desde mediados de los años 1960 hasta nuestros días. Este trabajo reconstruye el surgimiento de las instituciones ambientales y la forma en que los actores estatales y sociales han interactuado a lo largo del proceso. Argumentaremos que el ambientalismo social y la creación de instituciones estatales ambientales recorrieron caminos paralelos y no tuvieron mayor contacto hasta el nuevo milenio, cuando un nuevo tipo de ambientalismo social logró impactar en la agenda gubernamental a partir de una serie de conflictos ambientales. Argumentaremos, también, que el recorrido del ambientalismo estatal y social en Argentina debe entenderse a la luz de la influencia internacional (tanto ideológico-normativa como financiera y de la dinámica del régimen político. Respecto de esta última, mostraremos que tanto el cambio de régimen como cambios institucionales dentro del régimen fueron favorables al desarrollo de una agenda pública ambiental y de su encuentro con la agenda gubernamental.

  4. Indoor 3D Route Modeling Based On Estate Spatial Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, H.; Wen, Y.; Jiang, J.; Huang, W.

    2014-04-01

    Indoor three-dimensional route model is essential for space intelligence navigation and emergency evacuation. This paper is motivated by the need of constructing indoor route model automatically and as far as possible. By comparing existing building data sources, this paper firstly explained the reason why the estate spatial management data is chosen as the data source. Then, an applicable method of construction three-dimensional route model in a building is introduced by establishing the mapping relationship between geographic entities and their topological expression. This data model is a weighted graph consist of "node" and "path" to express the spatial relationship and topological structure of a building components. The whole process of modelling internal space of a building is addressed by two key steps: (1) each single floor route model is constructed, including path extraction of corridor using Delaunay triangulation algorithm with constrained edge, fusion of room nodes into the path; (2) the single floor route model is connected with stairs and elevators and the multi-floor route model is eventually generated. In order to validate the method in this paper, a shopping mall called "Longjiang New City Plaza" in Nanjing is chosen as a case of study. And the whole building space is constructed according to the modelling method above. By integrating of existing path finding algorithm, the usability of this modelling method is verified, which shows the indoor three-dimensional route modelling method based on estate spatial data in this paper can support indoor route planning and evacuation route design very well.

  5. 77 FR 70419 - Caribbean Fishery Management Council; Public Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XC363 Caribbean Fishery Management Council; Public... (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice of public meetings. SUMMARY: The Caribbean Fishery Management Council... Morning Star Hotel, 4 Estate Bakkeroe, St. Thomas, U.S.V.I. 00802. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr...

  6. Da estatística política à sociologia estatística. Desenvolvimento e transformações da análise estatística da sociedade (séculos XVII-XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Olivier

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a história dos papéis e das funções das informações estatísticas nos Estados europeus (sobretudo na França durante os séculos XVIII e XIX. As primeiras pesquisas estatísticas são irregulares e destinam-se aos administradores fiscais, policiais ou militares dos Estados. Progressivamente, as pesquisas se tornaram mais regulares, mais autônomas perante as necessidades políticas diretas, e passaram a concernir aspectos cada vez mais diversos da vida social. Foi o caso, durante o século XIX na Europa: quase nenhum aspecto das sociedades escapou ao "olhar estatístico". Esse desenvolvimento foi acompanhado pelo nascimento das ciências humanas e sociais no final do século XIX: por exemplo, a sociologia francesa se apoiou muito cedo nos conhecimentos saídos das fontes estatísticas. A história institucional, metodológica e conceitual da sociologia francesa é muito diretamente ligada à história das instituições e pesquisas estatísticas.

  7. Mineral resources of Australia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelsall, D.F.; Woodcock, J.T. (eds.)

    1979-01-01

    The papers presented cover geological, geochemical technology and geophysics in mineral exploration, mineral resources, mining methods and technology, aspects of beneficiation, pyrometallurgy and hydrometallurgy, and environmental aspects. 4 of the 14 papers have been abstracted separately.

  8. Construction Minerals Operations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes construction minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals Information Team (MIT) of the...

  9. Agricultural Minerals Operations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes agricultural minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals Information Team (MIT) of the...

  10. Mineral Resources Data System

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Mineral resource occurrence data covering the world, most thoroughly within the U.S. This database contains the records previously provided in the Mineral Resource...

  11. Mineral facilities of Northern and Central Eurasia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Michael S.; Elias, Nurudeen; Guzman, Eric; Soto-Viruet, Yadira

    2010-01-01

    This map displays almost 900 records of mineral facilities within the countries that formerly constituted the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Each record represents one commodity and one facility type at a single geographic location. Facility types include mines, oil and gas fields, and plants, such as refineries, smelters, and mills. Common commodities of interest include aluminum, cement, coal, copper, gold, iron and steel, lead, nickel, petroleum, salt, silver, and zinc. Records include attributes, such as commodity, country, location, company name, facility type and capacity (if applicable), and latitude and longitude geographical coordinates (in both degrees-minutes-seconds and decimal degrees). The data shown on this map and in table 1 were compiled from multiple sources, including (1) the most recently available data from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Minerals Yearbook (Europe and Central Eurasia volume), (2) mineral statistics and information from the USGS Minerals Information Web site (http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/europe.html), and (3) data collected by the USGS minerals information country specialists from sources, such as statistical publications of individual countries, annual reports and press releases of operating companies, and trade journals. Data reflect the most recent published table of industry structure for each country at the time of this publication. Additional information is available from the country specialists listed in table 2

  12. 26 CFR 301.6324-1 - Special liens for estate and gift taxes; personal liability of transferees and others.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... due by the return and of any deficiency in tax found to be due upon review and audit. If the estate... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special liens for estate and gift taxes... ADMINISTRATION Collection General Provisions § 301.6324-1 Special liens for estate and gift taxes;...

  13. 26 CFR 1.858-1 - Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.858-1 Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year. (a) General rule...

  14. 14 CFR 1204.501 - Delegation of authority-to take actions in real estate and related matters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... real estate and related matters. 1204.501 Section 1204.501 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS... Delegation of authority—to take actions in real estate and related matters. (a) Delegation of authority. The... conditions imposed by immediate superiors, to: (1) Prescribe agency real estate policies, procedures, and...

  15. 77 FR 37079 - Versus Capital Multi-Manager Real Estate Income Fund LLC and Versus Capital Advisors; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ...; File No. 812-14008] Versus Capital Multi-Manager Real Estate Income Fund LLC and Versus Capital...-Manager Real Estate Income Fund LLC (``Initial Fund'') and Versus Capital Advisors LLC (``Adviser... to achieve its objectives by investing in funds that invest indirectly in real estate and by...

  16. 5 CFR 6701.104 - Prohibited purchases of real estate by certain GSA employees involved in the acquisition or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prohibited purchases of real estate by certain GSA employees involved in the acquisition or disposal of real estate. 6701.104 Section 6701.104... OF THE GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION § 6701.104 Prohibited purchases of real estate by certain GSA...

  17. 26 CFR 5.856-1 - Extensions of the grace period for foreclosure property by a real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... property by a real estate investment trust. 5.856-1 Section 5.856-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE... real estate investment trust. (a) In general. Under section 856(e), a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) may elect to treat as foreclosure property certain real property (including interests in real...

  18. 12 CFR 617.7615 - What should the System institution do when it decides to lease acquired agricultural real estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to lease acquired agricultural real estate? 617.7615 Section 617.7615 Banks and Banking FARM... the System institution do when it decides to lease acquired agricultural real estate? (a) Notify the... real estate at a rate equivalent to the appraised rental value of the property. (1) Within 15 days...

  19. 26 CFR 55.4981-2 - Imposition of excise tax with respect to certain undistributed income of real estate investment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... certain undistributed income of real estate investment trusts; calendar years beginning after December 31... (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES (CONTINUED) EXCISE TAX ON REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTS AND REGULATED INVESTMENT COMPANIES Excise Tax on Real Estate Investment Trusts § 55.4981-2 Imposition of excise tax with...

  20. 12 CFR 617.7610 - What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate? 617.7610 Section 617.7610 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT... institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate? (a) Notify the previous owner, (1) Within 15 days of the System institution's decision to sell acquired agricultural real estate, it must...

  1. 26 CFR 1.642(h)-1 - Unused loss carryovers on termination of an estate or trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... estate or trust. 1.642(h)-1 Section 1.642(h)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF....642(h)-1 Unused loss carryovers on termination of an estate or trust. (a) If, on the final termination...(h)(1) to the beneficiaries succeeding to the property of the estate or trust. See § 1.641(b)-3 for...

  2. 25 CFR 179.202 - May the holder of a life estate without regard to waste deplete the resources?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false May the holder of a life estate without regard to waste... the holder of a life estate without regard to waste deplete the resources? Yes. The holder of a life... resources. However, a holder of a life estate without regard to waste may not cause or allow damage to...

  3. Mineral Supply Challenges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Faced with shortcomings in its mineral supply, it’s imperative for China to balance its desire for reserves with its current economic needs Mineral resources are the corner- stone of materials needed for China’s national economic and social development.The country even counts on its mineral resources to satisfy 90 percent of its energy demands and over 95

  4. Social Accounting Matrix as a Tool for Studying the Impact of Commercial Real Estate on the National Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lytvynenko Kateryna О.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the article, a social accounts macro-matrix (SAMM of Ukraine was built. It has been proven that SAMM is a flexible tool for inter-sectoral analysis, combines data from many different sources that help describing the structural characteristics of economy. The publication analyzes all accounts in the matrix, such as added value, intermediate demand, distribution of net factor income, private consumption, current Government expenditures, investment demand, foreign trade and others, taking into account the impact of the commercial real estate market for every given account. It has been found that this market is closely linked to almost all parts of the economic system, is influenced by the macroeconomic indicators and can by itself contribute to revitalization and recovery of individual industry sectors and the economy as a whole. The social accounting matrix in the future can serve as a basis for researching the multiplied effects from investing in a specific sector, for this very case – the commercial real estate market, to calculate the direct, indirect and induced effects of cash infusions.

  5. ASEAN Mineral Database and Information System (AMDIS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okubo, Y.; Ohno, T.; Bandibas, J. C.; Wakita, K.; Oki, Y.; Takahashi, Y.

    2014-12-01

    AMDIS has lunched officially since the Fourth ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Minerals on 28 November 2013. In cooperation with Geological Survey of Japan, the web-based GIS was developed using Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards. The system is composed of the local databases and the centralized GIS. The local databases created and updated using the centralized GIS are accessible from the portal site. The system introduces distinct advantages over traditional GIS. Those are a global reach, a large number of users, better cross-platform capability, charge free for users, charge free for provider, easy to use, and unified updates. Raising transparency of mineral information to mining companies and to the public, AMDIS shows that mineral resources are abundant throughout the ASEAN region; however, there are many datum vacancies. We understand that such problems occur because of insufficient governance of mineral resources. Mineral governance we refer to is a concept that enforces and maximizes the capacity and systems of government institutions that manages minerals sector. The elements of mineral governance include a) strengthening of information infrastructure facility, b) technological and legal capacities of state-owned mining companies to fully-engage with mining sponsors, c) government-led management of mining projects by supporting the project implementation units, d) government capacity in mineral management such as the control and monitoring of mining operations, and e) facilitation of regional and local development plans and its implementation with the private sector.

  6. Use of Multicriteria Valuation of Spatial Units in a System of Mass Real Estate Valuation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Kuburić

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A model of mass valuation at the national level must be functional, practically applicable, consistent and adaptable to actual conditions and real estate market trends. A consideration of the influence of location on real estate value in a spatial unit, and a description of spatial units with a sufficient number of attributes to determine a connection between the value of these attributes and the average price of real estate in a spatial unit, are important tasks in modelling a system of mass real estate valuation. This paper, based on a test implementation of mass real estate valuation for an area covering a number of municipalities in the Republic of Serbia, offers conclusions on the suitability of the use of a mass valuation method grounded in the principles of logical aggregation and case based reasoning. The values of location characteristics, or factors of spatial unit valuation, were determined in spatial analyses employing GIS, according to an established system of multicriteria valuation. This approach ensures that a model-defined value is not stored as offline data, but that each time such data is needed, it can be determined following the proposed methodology, based on actual, updated data from the databases of official spatial data registries. Prior to this, it is necessary to meet all the required prerequisites, which include the distributed databases of official real estate data registries and other factors needed in the mass valuation procedure. Keywords: real estate valuation; spatial units; multicriteria analysis

  7. From Projectile Points to Microprocessors - The Influence of Some Industrial Minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Driscoll, Rhonda

    2007-01-01

    In the language of economic geology, Earth materials are classified as metallic ores, fuel minerals, gemstones, and industrial minerals. Most people know that metallic ores yield shiny, conductive, ductile elements such as copper, iron, or gold. Most understand that energy-producing coals constitute a fuel mineral. Likewise, dazzling rubies and rare sapphires are universally recognized as gemstones. The fourth group, industrial minerals, is largely unknown to the general public, even though industrial minerals are as essential to daily life as metals and fuel minerals. This report examines the occurrence and practical uses of nine important industrial minerals - constituting just a few of the more than 50 industrial minerals that shape human culture.

  8. 论房产税对房地产市场的调控%A Study of the Control of Real Estate Tax on Real Estate Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖仕梅

    2014-01-01

    房产税被部分人视为打压高房价的最后一根稻草。但目前我国房产税在立法上还不太完善,执法方面还存在诸多不规范现象,正在试运行的房产税地方立法还存在诸多漏洞。真正体现公平、正义的房产税法的产生还有待时日。依据税收法定原则及依法行政原则,税收的开征和收缴都应该有科学的法律依据并严格执法,否则会违背市场规律,难以发挥调控市场的作用。另外,影响房价的因素不仅有税收,还有市场供求、通货膨胀、土地出让金、各种收费等诸多因素。因此,仅对个人所有的非营业用的房产开征房产税并不能解决当前高房价问题。%Real estate tax is regarded as the last method to lower the price of real estate by some people .But the legislation of real estate tax is not perfect ,and there are many ill-matched behaviors in the enforcement of tax law .What’s more ,the trying parochial tax law is flawy .So there is a long time to get a fair and just real estate tax law .According to the principle of tax basing on law and the principle of administering by law ,scientific law and serious enforcement are necessary for a new tax levy .Otherwise real estate tax will be alien to the market rule and it is difficult to control the real estate market .Except for taxation , there are still many factors influencing the price of real estate ,such as the demand and provision of mar-ket ,inflation ,the price of the land ,and all kinds of fees .So it is impossible to successfully deal with the high price of real estate by only imposting a tax on people w ho possess non-business real estate .

  9. Wind energy development and perceived real estate values in Ontario, Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chad Walker

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on public concerns about real estate value loss in communities in the vicinity of wind turbines. There are some conflicting results in recent academic and non-academic literatures on the issue of property values in general—yet little has been studied about how residents near turbines view the value of their own properties. Using both face-to-face interviews (n = 26 and community survey results (n = 152 from two adjacent communities, this exploratory mixed-method study contextualizes perceived property value loss. Interview results suggest a potential connection between perceived property value loss and actual property value loss, whereby assumed property degradation from turbines seem to lower both asking and selling prices. This idea is reinforced by regression results which suggest that felt property value loss is predicted by health concerns, visual annoyances and community-based variables. Overall, the findings point to the need for greater attention to micro-level local, and interconnected impacts of wind energy development.

  10. Represión estatal y paraestatal en Latinoamérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter WALDMANN

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este artículo, el autor analiza el problema de la violencia política desde la perspectiva de la violencia estatal y paraestatal. Pone de manifiesto las contradicciones existentes entre la función teórica del Estado de garantizar el orden público y la seguridad de los ciudadanos y su reciente actuación en numerosos países latinoamericanos, que lo han convertido en fuente de anomia política y social. Analiza en especial los casos de Brasil y Argentina.ABSTRACT: In this article, the author deals with the problem of political violence, from the point of view of state and para-state violence. He highligths the contradictions between theoretical function of State (the guarantee of public orden and the security of citizen and recent performances in several Latinamerican countries, that has transformed the state into the source of political and social anomy. He focus specially upon the cases of Brasil and Argentina.

  11. Organising the unorganised: Role of platform intermediaries in the Indian real estate market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Srinivasan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A large component of the Indian economy is still in the unorganised (or informal sector. The emergence of new intermediaries leveraging the Internet has contributed significantly to organising the hitherto unorganised sector. We discuss the case of the Indian real estate industry and elucidate how Internet-based intermediaries have mitigated the problems associated with the unorganised nature of the industry. The three primary problems associated with the unorganised nature of the industry are adverse selection, moral hazard, and weak contract enforcement. Leaders representing four leading real estate platforms discuss how organising the real estate business as a platform business model helps mitigate these risks.

  12. The Evaluation of Unincorporated Areas – Particularities and Perspectives on the Real Estate Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalina Beldiman

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The real estate market in Romania occupies an important position within the national economy, with the results in the real estate field having a significant impact on the determination of the macroeconomic indicators� values. We can consider that within each economy, the real estate market represents a complex sector, due to the high volume of carried out transactions and to the high number of individuals that take part in the carrying out of the transactions. The importance of area evaluation is guaranteed by the high number of its practical applications. The information provided by the evaluator is used by judicial institutions as a basis for various decision making processes.

  13. Process-oriented organizational structure and its application in real estate development enterprises in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyzes the shortcomings of the current organizational structure of real estate development enterprises in China. Integrating the idea of Business Process Reengineering (BPR) with organizational reformation, the authors bring out a process-oriented organizational structure. A further study on the application of process-oriented organizational structure in real estate development enterprises is carried out in a test case. Using residence-development process as an example, the authors illustrate the composition and operation of the business process system of real estate development enterprises.

  14. Study on the standard system of housing and real-estate industry information in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚春明; 王要武; 刘洪玉

    2004-01-01

    Basic standards of information are for all construction work. The formulation for a standard system for housing and real-estate industry information is of great significance to the promotion of the sound development of uniform construction and the transformation of production operations and management mode. This article gives an introduction to the application of information in the housing and real-estate industry, putting forward the consideration and framework for establishing the standard system of housing and the real-estate industry information to meet the needs of actual demands in China.

  15. Argus developer in practice real estate development modeling in the real world

    CERN Document Server

    Havard, Tim M

    2014-01-01

    First ""missing manual"" for Argus Developer--case studies show readers how to analyze a development, something Argus manuals don't do. Argus Developer is by far the leading program for real estate developers worldwide The book is an education in real estate finance as well as the program Author teaches seminars and consults with people using the program--back of room sales likely Author has three other books on real estate development Possibility that Argus gets behind the project The book will contain dozens of screenshots

  16. Econometric estimation of the Latvian real estate market impact on the state economy

    OpenAIRE

    Kristīne Vītola

    2010-01-01

    Abstract The aim of the promotion paper is to study the role of real estate as an asset in the transmission mechanism of Latvia’s monetary policy and by means of econometric models to estimate the impact of financial frictions, real estate prices and country risk premium on Latvia’s macroeconomic indicators. The first chapter of the promotion paper covers the theoretical basis of interaction between real estate and economic growth. The role of housing as an asset in the monetary transmi...

  17. Chelated minerals for poultry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SL Vieira

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Organic minerals have been subject of an increasing number of investigations recently. These compounds can be considered the most significant event regarding commercial forms of minerals targeting animal supplementation in the last decades. Minerals, especially metals, are usually supplemented in poultry feeds using cheap saline sources and have never required a lot of attention in terms of quality. On the other hand, definitions of organic minerals are very broad and frequently lead to confusion when decision-making becomes necessary. Organic minerals include any mineral bound to organic compounds, regardless of the type of existing bond between mineral and organic molecules. Proteins and carbohydrates are the most frequent candidates in organic mineral combinations. Organic fraction size and bond type are not limitations in organic mineral definition; however, essential metals (Cu, Fe, Zn, and Mn can form coordinated bonds, which are stable in intestinal lumen. Metals bound to organic ligands by coordinated bonds can dissociate within animal metabolism whereas real covalent bonds cannot. Chelated minerals are molecules that have a metal bound to an organic ligand through coordinated bonds; but many organic minerals are not chelates or are not even bound through coordinated bonds. Utilization of organic minerals is largely dependent on the ligand; therefore, amino acids and other small molecules with facilitated access to the enterocyte are supposed to be better utilized by animals. Organic minerals with ligands presenting long chains may require digestion prior to absorption. After absorption, organic minerals may present physiological effects, which improve specific metabolic responses, such as the immune response. Many studies have demonstrated the benefits of metal-amino acid chelates on animal metabolism, but the detection positive effects on live performance is less consistent.

  18. Study on the Cost Accounting of Real Estate Enterprises%房地产开发企业成本核算探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2013-01-01

    The cost accounting of real estate enterprises is an important basis for pricing in the commercial housing market, an important component of accounting work, a focus of public attention and a hot topic of the society. It is determined by the special characteristics of the real estate projects as it is hard to set cost accounting target. This paper elaborates how to do better cost accounting work with the actual accounting system of real estate developers.%房地产开发企业成本核算是商品房定价的重要依据,是会计核算工作的重要组成部分,也是社会普遍关注的焦点和热点。这是由于房地产项目的特殊性所决定的,主要表现为成本核算对象的确定难以把握。从房地产开发企业的实际核算体系出发,就如何做好房地产开发企业的成本核算工作进行了阐述。

  19. Analysis of the reasons for hazards of high real estate prices and countermeasures%浅析高价位房地产问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高鹏

    2012-01-01

      中国房价的每一次攀升都跳跃着国人的神经,随着政府“国十条”等一系列政府政策的出台,房地产调控现已进入攻坚阶段。如何让地产行业良性健康发展,不仅是在考验政府的执政能力,同时也关乎到每位购房者的切身利益。房价持续攀升严重透支着公众的消费能力,同时也影响到房地产业的可持续发展,关乎到国家经济安全稳定发展。本文通过对房价上涨的原因、影响的分析,提出适宜的应对政策,以作思考%  China's housing prices once climbed jumping people's nerves, entered a crucial stage with the introduction of government "10" of real estate regulation. How to make the blood of the real estate business flow point of morality, how to make the real estate industry, positive and healthy development? Not only is torture those in power, but also relates to the vital interests of every buyer. Housing prices continued to climb already seriously overdrawn public spending power, but also affect the real estate industry's sustainable development relating to national economic security and stable development. In this paper, the reason for rising house prices, the analysis of the impact of appropriate policy responses to the thinking.

  20. China real estate industry policy formulation’s mode analysis%我国房地产政策制定的模型分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢启秦

    2012-01-01

    Since the housing market-oriented reforms,China’s real estate policies changed constantly,regulated in a development,and sought development in the regulation.The real estate policy-making process was quite complicated and changeable,involved all kinds of problems such as housing,money and land,and a large number of stakeholders such as government,developers and the public.To make a multi-dimensional analysis on the real estate policy-making by using multi-stream-model,game model,elite model on different policy cases may not only be conducive to deeply understand and grasp the connotation and essence of the real estate policies,but also conducive to judge and predict their development trend.%自住房市场化改革以来,我国房地产政策不断变迁:在发展中调控,在调控中发展。房地产政策制定过程相当复杂多变,涉及到住房、货币与土地等范围广泛的各类问题,牵系到政府、开发商与民众等数量众多的利益相关者。选取不同的政策案例,运用多源流模型、精英模型、博弈模型等工具进行多维度解析房地产政策制定,有利于深刻理解和把握房地产政策的内涵与本质,也有利于判断和预测其发展趋势。

  1. Towards an affordable public health estate: a review of the 2008 health infrastructure barometer

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Abbott, G

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available , equipment, drugs, supplies) Delivering services (at appropriate level, in/ outside fixed service platform) Health / wellbeing Financing (raising, pooling, allocating revenues) Functions the system performs Objectives of the system Infrastructure..., buildings, equipment, drugs, supplies) Delivering services (at appropriate level, in/ outside fixed service platform) Health / wellbeing Financing (raising, pooling, allocating revenues) Functions the system performs Objectives of the system...

  2. Time-varying correlations in global real estate markets: A multivariate GARCH with spatial effects approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Huaying; Liu, Zhixue; Weng, Yingliang

    2017-04-01

    The present study applies the multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (MGARCH) with spatial effects approach for the analysis of the time-varying conditional correlations and contagion effects among global real estate markets. A distinguishing feature of the proposed model is that it can simultaneously capture the spatial interactions and the dynamic conditional correlations compared with the traditional MGARCH models. Results reveal that the estimated dynamic conditional correlations have exhibited significant increases during the global financial crisis from 2007 to 2009, thereby suggesting contagion effects among global real estate markets. The analysis further indicates that the returns of the regional real estate markets that are in close geographic and economic proximities exhibit strong co-movement. In addition, evidence of significantly positive leverage effects in global real estate markets is also determined. The findings have significant implications on global portfolio diversification opportunities and risk management practices.

  3. The global financial crisis: Is there any contagion between real estate and equity markets?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hui, Eddie Chi-man; Chan, Ka Kwan Kevin

    2014-07-01

    This study examines contagion across equity and securitized real estate markets of Hong Kong, US and UK during the global financial crisis by the Forbes-Rigobon, coskewness and cokurtosis tests. In particular, this is the first study to use the cokurtosis test to examine contagion between real estate and equity markets. The results show that the cokurtosis test can detect additional channels of contagion, and hence is a more powerful test. In contrary to Fry et al. (2010), we find that the cokurtosis test shows a highly significant evidence of contagion between the equity and real estate markets in both directions. In particular, the contagion between US's equity and real estate markets is the most significant. This reflects that US is the centre of shock of the global financial crisis.

  4. Carrington Real Estate Services, LLC and Carrington Mortgage Services, LLC Information Sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrington Real Estate Services, LLC and Carrington Mortgage Services, LLC (the Company) is located in Anaheim, California. The settlement involves the sale of properties constructed prior to 1978, located in Bakersfield and Ridgecrest, California.

  5. Macroeconomic and Financial Determinants of Comovement across Global Real Estate Security Markets

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Simon Stevenson

    2016-01-01

    .... The empirical results show that financial factors, such as the relation with the respective equity market, volatility, the relative size of the real estate sector, and trading turnover all play...

  6. A Vector Auto Regression Model Applied to Real Estate Development Investment: A Statistic Analysis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Liu, Fengyun; Matsuno, Shuji; Malekian, Reza; Yu, Jin; Li, Zhixiong

    2016-01-01

    .... The above theoretical model is empirically evidenced with VAR (Vector Auto Regression) methodology. A panel VAR model shows that land leasing and real estate price appreciation positively affect local government general fiscal revenue...

  7. 26 CFR 20.2053-3 - Deduction for expenses of administering estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., the law and practice in the jurisdiction in which the estate is being administered, and the skill and... expenses include such expenses as court costs, surrogates' fees, accountants' fees, appraisers' fees,...

  8. Uncertainty management in Real Estate Development: Studying the potential of SCRUM design methodology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blokpoel, S.B.; Reymen, Isabelle; Dewulf, Geert P.M.R.; Sariyildiz, S.; Tuncer, B.

    2005-01-01

    Real estate development is all about assessing and controlling risks and uncertainties. Risk management implies making decisions based on quantified risks to execute riskresponse measures. Uncertainties, on the other hand, cannot be quantified and are therefore unpredictable. In literature, much

  9. De maquiavelo al estado postmoderno. paradigmas politicos de aproximacion al fenomeno estatal

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Florez Ruiz, Jose Fernando

    2012-01-01

    .... A continuacion se explora: 1) el aporte fundamental del derecho y los filosofos politicos de los siglos xvii y xviii en la construccion del imaginario estatal, hasta llegar al modelo de Estado social de derecho; 2...

  10. The Problem and Needs of Existing Urban Multifamily Building Estates in Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rybka, Adam; Rybka, Sławomir

    2012-06-01

    The present paper explains in a descriptive way the findings and derivations, concerning the various needs, solutions and priorities which are identified in existing urban building envelopes of Poland, especially in Rzeszow housing estates.

  11. 26 CFR 25.2519-1 - Dispositions of certain life estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the original transfer by the donor spouse because the value of the first spouse's gross estate was... is treated as transferred under this section. (d) Identification of property transferred. If...

  12. Some issues about compilation of real estate price index%编制城市房地产价格指数的若干问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国柱; 孙焕民

    2003-01-01

    Real estate price index is key market information for governments, real estate operators, consumersand economics researchers. By analyzing function orientation of real estate price index and frequent de-signing methods domestic and abroad, while considering the realities in China, this paper discusses appro-priate designing method of real estate price index and also provides a framework.

  13. Recognising Revenue from the Construction of Real Estate in Financial Statements of Developers in Poland

    OpenAIRE

    Renata DYLAG; Malgorzata KUCHARCZYK

    2011-01-01

    The core business of real estate developers is performance long term developer contracts (directly or by subcontractors), that include constructing and selling residential and non-residential real estates. The characteristic feature of such contracts is the construction of properties that are generally financed by the principal over the whole project, by way of contractually agreed advances, and then – after the investment process has been completed – the ownership right is transferred to the...

  14. Impact of systemic risk in the real estate sector on banking return.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shouwei; Pan, Qing; He, Jianmin

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we measure systemic risk in the real estate sector based on contingent claims analysis, and then investigate its impact on banking return. Based on the data in China, we find that systemic risk in the real estate sector has a negative effect on banking return, but this effect is temporary; banking risk aversion and implicit interest expense have considerable impact on banking return.

  15. Real Estate Site Selection: An Application of Artificial Intelligence for Military Retail Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    Optimizing these factors should be of utmost importance for real estate site selection. This concept applies to private industry and to the Department of...artificial intelligent algorithms. These algorithms can be applied across many industries such as the retail, restaurant, and banking industries ...Kates, S. (1997). Real Estate Site Selection Using GIS and MCDM : A Case Study of the Toronto Retail Jewelry Industry . Submitted in partial

  16. Morphological Characteristics and Somatic Incompatibility of Ganoderma from Infected Oil Palm from Three Inland Estates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latiffah, Z.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The morphological characteristics of Ganoderma basidiomata from infected oil palms from three inland estates showed some variations, but all fall within the description of G. boninense, based on Steyaert s classification system (1967, 1975. Pairings of G. boninense isolates from the same estate showed that there was somatic incompatibility among the isolates which indicated that the isolates were distinct individuals and not clones of single genotypes.

  17. An Evaluation of Industrial Facilities Defects in Selected Industrial Estates in Lagos State, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Oseghale, G.E.; Ikpo, I.J.

    2014-01-01

    The study appraised the state of industrial facilities in selected industrial estates established between 1957 and 1981 in Lagos State by examining the nature and causes of facilities’ defects in the selected industrial estates. The buildings sampled were load bearing sandcrete block wall (1%), concrete framed structure (83%) and steel framed structure (16%). Data were sourced using structured questionnaire administered on the staff of maintenance department of 35 building materials and plast...

  18. Mineral facilities of Asia and the Pacific

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Michael S.; Elias, Nurudeen; Guzman, Eric; Soto-Viruet, Yadira

    2010-01-01

    This map displays over 1,500 records of mineral facilities throughout the continent of Asia and the countries of the Pacific Ocean. Each record represents one commodity and one facility type at a single geographic location. Facility types include mines, oil and gas fields, and plants, such as refineries, smelters, and mills. Common commodities of interest include aluminum, cement, coal, copper, gold, iron and steel, lead, nickel, petroleum, salt, silver, and zinc. Records include attributes, such as commodity, country, location, company name, facility type and capacity (if applicable), and latitude and longitude geographical coordinates (in both degrees-minutes-seconds and decimal degrees). The data shown on this map and in table 1 were compiled from multiple sources, including (1) the 2008 U.S. Geological Survey Minerals Yearbook (Asia and the Pacific volume), (2) minerals statistics and information from the U.S. Geological Survey Minerals Information Web site (http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/), and (3) data collected by U.S. Geological Survey minerals information country specialists. Other sources include statistical publications of individual countries, annual reports and press releases of operating companies, and trade journals. Due to the sensitivity of some energy commodity data, the quality of these data should be evaluated on a country-by-country basis. Additional information is available from the country specialists listed in table 2.

  19. 76 FR 33352 - Notice of Proposed Withdrawal and Opportunity for Public Meeting; California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... protect and preserve geothermal, solar, and wind energy study areas for future renewable energy... mineral estates to protect the lands while the BLM evaluates the area for renewable energy development, including geothermal leasing and solar and wind energy rights-of-ways: San Bernardino Meridian a)....

  20. Determinants of Funds Demand and Supply; Deepening Finance Access of Real Estate Investment in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lkhagvasuren Togtokhbuyan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This huge gap between financing needs and the available financing capacity represents major constraints to growth opportunities in business financing, and accords with one of requirements strategy of stimulating real sector financing by mobilizing cheap long term saving. Real estate investment is a capital intensive venture and this implies that firms venturing into this sector need to have a strong capital structure to sustain development. There is high competition amongst the real developers in quest for funds from formal and informal sources to meet their financial needs. Many real Estate firms are experiencing a credit fix. In the recent move by the Peoples Bank of China to clamp down lending in the real estate sector; the People’s bank of China tightened monetary policy by raising interest rates which in effect lead to increased cost of capital. The central government has also encouraged banks to adopt slow lending to real estate projects. According to the People's Bank of China (PBOC, the increase in cumulative loans related to housing projects totaled ¥1.3 trillion ($198 billion in 2011, down 38 percent from 2010, and new loans to the property sector comprised 17.5 percent of total loans in 2011, down from 27 percent in 2010.The remaining prudent alternative is innovation for exploitation of other means of acquiring funds for real estate venture. Real estate investors need to deepen and broaden their options of financing their activities to avoid credit squeeze.