WorldWideScience

Sample records for public iza discussion

  1. Public Energy Education: Issues for Discussion. Draft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Public Energy Education Task Force.

    This paper was intended to stimulate discussion of energy education issues at a conference on energy issues. The discussion ranges through numerous topics at issue in energy education including public energy awareness, definition of public education, the distinction between public education and public relations, and the presentation of a model…

  2. Educational Attainment: Analysis by Immigrant Generation. IZA Discussion Paper Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiswick, Barry R.; DebBurman, Noyna

    This paper presents a theoretical and empirical analysis of the largely ignored issue of the determinants of the educational attainment of adults by immigrant generation. Using Current Population Survey (CPS) data, differences in educational attainment are analyzed by immigrant generation (first, second, and higher order generations), and among…

  3. Public Spaces For The Discussion Of Peru.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia E. Milton.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In theaftermath of civil conflict and a truth commission into twenty years of violence (19802000, Peru is presently engaged in the difficult task of establishing overarching narratives that provide frameworks for organizing personal and collective memories in the few public spaces available for the discussion of this recent past. This article looks at two public spaces, a series of performative events in Ayacucho duringthe submission of the truth commission's Final Report, and Lima's memorysite, The Eye that Cries. One contentious memory is over who are appropriate victims and heroes to remember.

  4. Public discussion, art practice between 3 generations

    OpenAIRE

    O'Connell, Tina

    2016-01-01

    Bealtaine Festival have invited sculptor Tina O Connell, painter Brian Bourke and Sarah Tynan spending time exploring their practices. The idea behind the residency is to create a quiet space over the course of two weeks for artists of mixed generations to consider their practices, and the changing contexts of those practices as time has moved on in their career, over a two week period. At the end of the residency there will be a public discussion with the three artists.

  5. Public – private partnership : A critical discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johans Tveit Sandvin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Public-private partnerships have long been highly valued in Western welfare states, and the valuation of such cooperation has become even stronger in light of last year’s economic turbulence, particularly with voluntary non-profit organizations (VNPOs. At the same time, the voluntary sector is changing. The broad popular movements have generally declined in favour of more individual interests as the basis for forming VNPOs, and those organisations still involved in the provision of social services are becoming more and more similar to public service, due to requirements placed on them by the public sector. This is believed to have consequences for the value of such cooperation. If voluntary organisations in public services – or other private organisations for the matter – are becoming copies of public services, there is not much value to be gained from such cooperation, except for some financial gain.In this article, we argue that this conclusion is based on a rather narrow perception of public-voluntary cooperation. Research and debate on such cooperation are mainly preoccupied by what we call supplementary relations, in which voluntary organizations are assessed according to whether they can deliver cheaper or better services than the public sector. Based on an example of public-voluntary cooperation in preventive social work among young adults in Norway, the article show that public-voluntary collaboration can be truly valuable when it is based on a complimentary relation, in which parties collaborate because they command different resources equally important to the task at hand.

  6. Editors Discuss Women’s Publications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    IT was only about ten years ago that there were only a few of newspapers and periodicals about women in China. But China has seen a rapid development of newspapers and periodicals on women since it began the policy of reform and opening to the outside world. Today the All-China Women’s Federation and local women’s federations sponsor and publish 47 different publications about women and children, some of which have a circulation of more than one million. These colorful, influential women’s newspapers and periodicals are now some of the most interesting publications in China. Why have these publications been so successful? Recently our staff reporter interviewed several women chief editors about their work. The following interviews are in their own words.

  7. Teaching Methods - Policy Possibilities for Public Discussion

    OpenAIRE

    Bakaradze, Ekaterine; Bezovski, Zlatko; Grabova, Perseta; Hasaj, Alkida; Jurcic, Ana; Kalemi, Marsel; Natsvlishvili, Ia; Simic, Ruzica

    2010-01-01

    The discussion on Teaching Methods was conducted in cooperation with The George Washington University’s Research Program in Social and Organizational Learning. Its participants included university teachers from Albania, Serbia, Croatia, Macedonia, and Georgia who had come to the United States under the auspices of the United States State Department’s Junior Faculty Development Program and the Open Society Institute to learn about new teaching methods that they might use in their classes back ...

  8. Mineralogy of Iza Cave (Rodnei Mountains, N. Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamas Tudor

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The secondary minerals from Iza Cave result from the interactions of karst water and/or cave atmosphere with a variety of sedimentaryand metamorphic rocks. The cave passages expose at various extents Eocene limestones and conglomerates, Oligocene blackshales, Upper Precambrian micaschists, marble and dolomitic marble and associated ore deposits. Twelve secondary mineralsidentified in the cave (carbonates, sulfates, phosphates, oxides and hydroxides, and silicates are presented in this study. Calcite,aragonite, gypsum, brushite and hydroxylapatite are the components of common speleothems in the limestone, dolomite andconglomerate areas of the cave. Ankerite crusts are related to areas with pyrite mineralization within the metamorphic carbonaterocks. Goethite, jarosite, hematite and gypsum form various speleothems in the sectors within micaschists and conglomerates. Largeweathering deposits occurring in passage areas developed within micaschists consist of illite, kaolinite, jarosite, goethite, gypsumand alunite. The extent of the weathering deposits occurring on non-karst rocks in the underground environment makes this cave aparticularly interesting site for studies of water-rock interactions.

  9. Use of individual auto-injector kits ‘IZAS-05’ on the contemporary battlefield

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziemba, Radosław

    2012-01-01

    Summary In crisis situations, such as transportation catastrophes, terrorist attacks or contamination with chemical warfare agents, it is crucial to properly organize and sensibly conduct rescue operations. Among chemical warfare agents, the most toxic ones are the derivatives of organophosphorus compounds. An individual auto-injector kit ‘IZAS-05’ contains auto-injectors, which are devices designed for intramuscular administration of drugs in self-aid or buddy-aid on the battlefield. This paper describes in detail the components of the ‘IZAS-05’ kit, as well as its mode of use and possible contraindications. PMID:22207129

  10. Public Discussion of Nuclear Warfare: A Time for Hope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Martha

    Anti-nuclear discourse, which peaked in 1981-82, signaled an emergence of public discourse on the nuclear warfare issue. During the development of the original atomic bomb, public discussion of the issue was severely restricted, but immediately after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, discourse on the subject increased. During the Cold War…

  11. Engaging Communities using a MOOC combined with Public Library Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackerman, S. A.; Mooney, M. E.; Morrill, J.; Handlos, Z.; Morrill, S.

    2015-12-01

    A massive open online course, or MOOC, is an noncredit education activity that delivers learning content to anyone with access to the Internet. Individual courses are generally free of charge, while a certificate can have small costs. The University of Wisconsin-Madison has exploring the use of MOOC as part of its Wisconsin Idea. In the 2015, a series of MOOCs focusing on the environment were offered via Coursera. One of those MOOCS was "Changing Weather and Climate of the Great Lakes Region." This 4-week course features a new season each week through short lectures and activities covering Great Lakes weather, observed changes in the climate, and societal impacts of climate change. (https://www.coursera.org/course/greatlakesclimate) The MOOC conveyed information from NOAA's National Weather Service (NWS) Weather-Ready Nation initiative as well as findings from the recent National Climate Assessment and the Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts (WICCI). The course was organized by members of the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and the Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies; material included discussion, videos for lectures as well as guest lecturers. There were also weekly visits by the course team to 21 public libraries throughout the state of WI. The library collaboration as facilitated by WiLS (Wisconsin Library Services - wils.org), who organized the application and selection process. The public libraries hosted local residents and course instructors in discussions of course content in the context of their communities as well as strategies to mitigate the climate change impacts. This presentation will discuss the public library discussions experience and the our evaluation of the impact of including a face-to-face component in the MOOC activity on engagement and learning.

  12. Noncoherent capacity of secret-key agreement with public discussion

    KAUST Repository

    Agrawal, Anurag

    2011-09-01

    We study the noncoherent capacity of secret-key agreement with public discussion over independent identically distributed (i.i.d.) Rayleigh fading wireless channels, where neither the sender nor the receivers have access to instantaneous channel state information (CSI). We present two results. At high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), the secret-key capacity is bounded in SNR, regardless of the number of antennas at each terminal. Second, for a system with a single antenna at both the legitimate and the eavesdropper terminals and an arbitrary number of transmit antennas, the secret-key capacity-achieving input distribution is discrete, with a finite number of mass points. Numerically we observe that at low SNR, the capacity achieving distribution has two mass points with one of them at the origin. © 2011 IEEE.

  13. Information Technology Workforce Development: Public Policy Review and Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerr, Robert

    Keeping the existing information technology (IT) workforce viable and rapidly increasing the number of these workers presents a United States public policy workforce development (WD) challenge at all government levels. Public policy human capital investments have been undertaken to address the IT workforce supply and demand mismatch. States seem…

  14. HCI public policy activities in 2012: a 10-country discussion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lazar, Jonathan; Abascal, Julio; Davis, Janet; Evers, Vanessa; Gulliksen, Jan; Jorge, Joaquim; McEwan, Tom; Paterno, Fabio; Persson, Hans; Prates, Raquel; von Axelson, Hans; Winckler, Macro; Wulf, Volker

    Public policy increasingly plays a role in influencing the work that we do as HCI researchers, interaction designers, and practitioners. “Public policy‿ is a broad term that includes both government policy and policy within non-governmental organizations, such as standards bodies. The Interacting

  15. Accountability in Ontario's Public Colleges: A Discussion Paper. ACAATO Document

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hook, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Accountability, "the extent to which one must answer to higher authority for one's actions" (Shafritz & Russell, 2000, p. 343), is a critical part of corporate and democratic life. In public institutions, sound accountability processes assure those in executive, governance, audit and "elected official" roles that public resources are being…

  16. 77 FR 14856 - Public Meeting With Interested Persons To Discuss the Proposed Federal Aviation Administration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Public Meeting With Interested Persons To Discuss the Proposed Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Draft Technical Standard Order (TSO)-C199 Establishing the Minimum... Administration (DOT). ACTION: Notice of public meetings. SUMMARY: The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)...

  17. SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE AVERAGE RUNOFF IN THE IZA AND VIȘEU WATERSHEDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HORVÁTH CS.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The average runoff represents the main parameter with which one can best evaluate an area’s water resources and it is also an important characteristic in al river runoff research. In this paper we choose a GIS methodology for assessing the spatial evolution of the average runoff, using validity curves we identifies three validity areas in which the runoff changes differently with altitude. The tree curves were charted using the average runoff values of 16 hydrometric stations from the area, eight in the Vișeu and eight in the Iza river catchment. Identifying the appropriate areas of the obtained correlations curves (between specific average runoff and catchments mean altitude allowed the assessment of potential runoff at catchment level and on altitudinal intervals. By integrating the curves functions in to GIS we created an average runoff map for the area; from which one can easily extract runoff data using GIS spatial analyst functions. The study shows that from the three areas the highest runoff corresponds with the third zone but because it’s small area the water volume is also minor. It is also shown that with the use of the created runoff map we can compute relatively quickly correct runoff values for areas without hydrologic control.

  18. 49 CFR 1103.26 - Discussion of pending litigation in the public press.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... press. 1103.26 Section 1103.26 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued... § 1103.26 Discussion of pending litigation in the public press. Attempts to influence the action and... distorted articles in the public press, should be avoided. However, it is not against the public interest...

  19. discussions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex S. Poznyak

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops a version of Robust Stochastic Maximum Principle (RSMP applied to the Minimax Mayer Problem formulated for stochastic differential equations with the control-dependent diffusion term. The parametric families of first and second order adjoint stochastic processes are introduced to construct the corresponding Hamiltonian formalism. The Hamiltonian function used for the construction of the robust optimal control is shown to be equal to the Lebesque integral over a parametric set of the standard stochastic Hamiltonians corresponding to a fixed value of the uncertain parameter. The paper deals with a cost function given at finite horizon and containing the mathematical expectation of a terminal term. A terminal condition, covered by a vector function, is also considered. The optimal control strategies, adapted for available information, for the wide class of uncertain systems given by an stochastic differential equation with unknown parameters from a given compact set, are constructed. This problem belongs to the class of minimax stochastic optimization problems. The proof is based on the recent results obtained for Minimax Mayer Problem with a finite uncertainty set [14,43-45] as well as on the variation results of [53] derived for Stochastic Maximum Principle for nonlinear stochastic systems under complete information. The corresponding discussion of the obtain results concludes this study.

  20. New thermo and geochronological constraints on the Pliocene-Pleistocene eruption history of the Paipa-Iza volcanic complex, Eastern Cordillera, Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernet, Matthias; Urueña, Cindy; Amaya, Sergio; Peña, Mary L.

    2016-11-01

    The Paipa-Iza volcanic complex is the only volcanic edifice in the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. Zircon fission-track and Usbnd Pb data from deposits of two eruption epochs presented in this study constrain the time of volcanic activity between 5.9 Ma in the late Miocene and at least 1.8 Ma during the early Pleistocene. These ages correspond to 3.6 to 4.7 Ma zircon fission-track ages reported from tephra deposits of the Tierra Negra region to the southwest of the Paipa-Iza volcanic complex in the Eastern Cordillera. A 4 Myr period of volcanic activity is longer than the previously documented 2.5 Ma to 1.9 Ma activity in the Paipa-Iza area. Therefore, our data show that the Paipa-Iza volcanic complex was active during the entire Pliocene phase of rapid surface uplift, when the Eastern Cordillera reached its present-day elevation. Unclear is if the magma chamber of the Paipa-Iza volcanic complex was passively uplifted with the rest of the Eastern Cordillera, or if magmatism contributed to surface uplift. Hydrothermal activity and steep thermal gradients in the study area today indicate that a magma chamber is still present at depth. In both the zircon fission-track and Usbnd Pb data of this study the recycling of zircon from underlying Mesozoic sedimentary rocks is evident in the wide age spectra. The fission-track data show that many recycled zircons were affected at least by partial annealing, but further research is needed for constraining the thermal impact of the Paipa-Iza volcanism on the Eastern Cordillera.

  1. Organizational Statement for EPA-sponsored Public Meetings to Discuss Pesticide Exposure Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Information about EMPM meetings: Vision, Mission Statement, Organization, Meeting Administration and Public Meeting Attendance. Purpose is to discuss and exchange information regarding technical model-related pesticide exposure issues.

  2. The nursing profession : public image, self-concept and professional identity. A discussion paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ten Hoeve, Yvonne; Jansen, Gerard; Roodbol, Petrie

    2014-01-01

    Aim To discuss the actual public image of nurses and other factors that influence the development of nurses' self-concept and professional identity. Background Nurses have become healthcare professionals in their own right who possess a great deal of knowledge. However, the public does not always va

  3. The nursing profession: public image, self-concept and professional identity : a discussion paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoeve, Yvonne ten; Jansen, Gerard; Roodbol, Petrie

    2013-01-01

    Aim. To discuss the actual public image of nurses and other factors that influence the development of nurses’ self-concept and professional identity. Background. Nurses have become healthcare professionals in their own right who possess a great deal of knowledge. However, the public does not always

  4. Rapid issue tracking: A method for taking the pulse of the public discussion of environmental policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    David N. Bengston; David P. Fan; Patrick Reed; Ashley. Goldhor-Wilcock

    2009-01-01

    Environmental communication professionals and other decision makers need to understand public sentiment toward environmental issues to effectively carry out their stewardship responsibilities. However, it is often difficult to obtain timely and reliable information about public discussion and debate regarding these issues. This paper describes an approach designed to...

  5. The nursing profession : public image, self-concept and professional identity. A discussion paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ten Hoeve, Yvonne; Jansen, Gerard; Roodbol, Petrie

    Aim To discuss the actual public image of nurses and other factors that influence the development of nurses' self-concept and professional identity. Background Nurses have become healthcare professionals in their own right who possess a great deal of knowledge. However, the public does not always

  6. The nursing profession: public image, self-concept and professional identity. A discussion paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ten Hoeve, Yvonne; Jansen, Gerard; Roodbol, Petrie

    2014-02-01

    To discuss the actual public image of nurses and other factors that influence the development of nurses' self-concept and professional identity. Nurses have become healthcare professionals in their own right who possess a great deal of knowledge. However, the public does not always value the skills and competences nurses have acquired through education and innovation. Discussion paper. We identified 1216 relevant studies by searching MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO databases in the period 1997-2010. Finally, 18 studies met our inclusion criteria. The included studies show that the actual public image of nursing is diverse and incongruous. This image is partly self-created by nurses due to their invisibility and their lack of public discourse. Nurses derive their self-concept and professional identity from their public image, work environment, work values, education and traditional social and cultural values. Nurses should work harder to communicate their professionalism to the public. Social media like the Internet and YouTube can be used to show the public what they really do. To improve their public image and to obtain a stronger position in healthcare organizations, nurses need to increase their visibility. This could be realized by ongoing education and a challenging work environment that encourages nurses to stand up for themselves. Furthermore, nurses should make better use of strategic positions, such as case manager, nurse educator or clinical nurse specialist and use their professionalism to show the public what their work really entails. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. 75 FR 9586 - Solicitation of Participation In and Public Meeting to Discuss Public Safety 700 MHz Broadband...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-03

    ... an initial network design that must be evaluated by vendors, service providers, academia, and other... planning and network design evaluation of the Demonstration Network system. Each participant may provide... Discuss Public Safety 700 MHz Broadband Demonstration Network AGENCY: National Institute of Standards...

  8. Predicting the mineral composition of dust aerosols: Insights from elemental composition measured at the Izaña Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez García-Pando, Carlos; Miller, Ron L.; Perlwitz, Jan P.; Rodríguez, Sergio; Prospero, Joseph M.

    2016-10-01

    Regional variations of dust mineral composition are fundamental to climate impacts but generally neglected in climate models. A challenge for models is that atlases of soil composition are derived from measurements following wet sieving, which destroys the aggregates potentially emitted from the soil. Aggregates are crucial to simulating the observed size distribution of emitted soil particles. We use an extension of brittle fragmentation theory in a global dust model to account for these aggregates. Our method reproduces the size-resolved dust concentration along with the approximately size-invariant fractional abundance of elements like Fe and Al in the decade-long aerosol record from the Izaña Observatory, off the coast of West Africa. By distinguishing between Fe in structural and free forms, we can attribute improved model behavior to aggregation of Fe and Al-rich clay particles. We also demonstrate the importance of size-resolved measurements along with elemental composition analysis to constrain models.

  9. Assessment of nocturnal aerosol optical depth from lunar photometry at the Izaña high mountain observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barreto, África; Román, Roberto; Cuevas, Emilio; Berjón, Alberto J.; Almansa, A. Fernando; Toledano, Carlos; González, Ramiro; Hernández, Yballa; Blarel, Luc; Goloub, Philippe; Guirado, Carmen; Yela, Margarita

    2017-08-01

    This work is a first approach to correct the systematic errors observed in the aerosol optical depth (AOD) retrieved at nighttime using lunar photometry and calibration techniques dependent on the lunar irradiance model. To this end, nocturnal AOD measurements were performed in 2014 using the CE318-T master Sun-sky-lunar photometer (lunar Langley calibrated) at the Izaña high mountain observatory. This information has been restricted to 59 nights characterized as clean and stable according to lidar vertical profiles. A phase angle dependence as well as an asymmetry within the Moon's cycle of the Robotic Lunar Observatory (ROLO) model could be deduced from the comparison in this 59-night period of the CE318-T calibration performed by means of the lunar Langley calibration and the calibration performed every single night by means of the common Langley technique. Nocturnal AOD has also been compared in the same period with a reference AOD based on daylight AOD extracted from the AErosol RObotic NETwork (AERONET) at the same station. Considering stable conditions, the difference ΔAODfit, between AOD from lunar observations and the linearly interpolated AOD (the reference) from daylight data, has been calculated. The results show that ΔAODfit values are strongly affected by the Moon phase and zenith angles. This dependency has been parameterized using an empirical model with two independent variables (Moon phase and zenith angles) in order to correct the AOD for these residual dependencies. The correction of this parameterized dependency has been checked at four stations with quite different environmental conditions (Izaña, Lille, Carpentras and Dakar) showing a significant reduction of the AOD dependence on phase and zenith angles and an improved agreement with daylight reference data. After the correction, absolute AOD differences for day-night-day clean and stable transitions remain below 0.01 for all wavelengths.

  10. Assessment of nocturnal aerosol optical depth from lunar photometry at the Izaña high mountain observatory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Á. Barreto

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This work is a first approach to correct the systematic errors observed in the aerosol optical depth (AOD retrieved at nighttime using lunar photometry and calibration techniques dependent on the lunar irradiance model. To this end, nocturnal AOD measurements were performed in 2014 using the CE318-T master Sun–sky–lunar photometer (lunar Langley calibrated at the Izaña high mountain observatory. This information has been restricted to 59 nights characterized as clean and stable according to lidar vertical profiles. A phase angle dependence as well as an asymmetry within the Moon's cycle of the Robotic Lunar Observatory (ROLO model could be deduced from the comparison in this 59-night period of the CE318-T calibration performed by means of the lunar Langley calibration and the calibration performed every single night by means of the common Langley technique. Nocturnal AOD has also been compared in the same period with a reference AOD based on daylight AOD extracted from the AErosol RObotic NETwork (AERONET at the same station. Considering stable conditions, the difference ΔAODfit, between AOD from lunar observations and the linearly interpolated AOD (the reference from daylight data, has been calculated. The results show that ΔAODfit values are strongly affected by the Moon phase and zenith angles. This dependency has been parameterized using an empirical model with two independent variables (Moon phase and zenith angles in order to correct the AOD for these residual dependencies. The correction of this parameterized dependency has been checked at four stations with quite different environmental conditions (Izaña, Lille, Carpentras and Dakar showing a significant reduction of the AOD dependence on phase and zenith angles and an improved agreement with daylight reference data. After the correction, absolute AOD differences for day–night–day clean and stable transitions remain below 0.01 for all wavelengths.

  11. 76 FR 10810 - Public Workshop to Discuss Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-28

    ... COMMISSION 10 CFR Part 61 Public Workshop to Discuss Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management AGENCY: Nuclear...-level radioactive waste (LLW). The purpose of this workshop is to gather information from a broad...-level radioactive wastes that did not exist at the time part 61 was promulgated. The developments...

  12. Conversation and compliance: role of interpersonal discussion and social norms in public communication campaigns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Lauren B; Chatterjee, Joyee S; Chaudhuri, Sonal T; Lapsansky, Charlotte; Bhanot, Anurudra; Murphy, Sheila T

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the role of interpersonal discussion and social norms in a public health campaign, the BBC Condom Normalization Campaign, designed to promote conversation and change the public perception of condom use in India. Drawing upon the integrative model of behavioral prediction, attitudes, self-efficacy, subjective norms, and descriptive norms were predicted to relate to behavioral intentions to use condoms. It is important to note that the valence of discussion was hypothesized to relate to each of these more proximal predictors. The authors used structural equation modeling to test the model on 3 separate samples of Indian men between the ages of 15 and 49 years: (a) high-risk men who had sex with nonspouses; (b) low-risk, sexually inactive, unmarried men; and (c) low-risk, monogamous, married men. Results were similar for low- and high-risk audiences, with valence of discussion about condoms predicting condom-related attitudes, self-efficacy, and subjective and descriptive social norms with respect to condom use, which, in turn, predicted behavioral intent to use condoms. These findings underscore the need to take not only the frequency but also the valence of interpersonal discussion into account when assessing the effect of health campaigns. Implications for theory and design of future public communication campaigns are explored.

  13. 75 FR 55575 - Joint Public Roundtable To Discuss Data for Swaps and Security-Based Swaps, Swap Data...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-13

    ... COMMISSION SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Joint Public Roundtable To Discuss Data for Swaps and Security- Based Swaps, Swap Data Repositories, Security-Based Swap Data Repositories, and Real-Time Public... will discuss data for swaps and security-based swaps, swap data repositories, security-based swap...

  14. Emotions, Public Opinion, and U.S. Presidential Approval Rates: A 5-Year Analysis of Online Political Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Bailon, Sandra; Banchs, Rafael E.; Kaltenbrunner, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    This article examines how emotional reactions to political events shape public opinion. We analyze political discussions in which people voluntarily engage online to approximate the public agenda: Online discussions offer a natural approach to the salience of political issues and the means to analyze emotional reactions as political events take…

  15. Non-coherent capacity of secret-key agreement with public discussion

    KAUST Repository

    Agrawal, Anurag

    2011-06-01

    We study the Rayleigh fading non-coherent capacity of secret-key agreement with public discussion, where neither the sender nor the receivers have access to instantaneous channel state information (CSI) of any channel. We present two results. At high Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR), the secret-key capacity is bounded in SNR, regardless of the number of antennas at each terminal. Second, for a system with a single antenna at both the legitimate and the eavesdropper terminals and an arbitrary number of transmit antennas, the secret-key capacity-achieving input distribution is discrete, with a finite number of mass points. Numerically we observe that at low-SNR, the capacity achieving distribution has two mass points with one of them at the origin. © 2011 IEEE.

  16. Secret-Key Agreement with Public Discussion subject to an Amplitude Constraint

    KAUST Repository

    Zorgui, Marwen

    2016-04-06

    This paper considers the problem of secret-key agreement with public discussion subject to a peak power constraint A on the channel input. The optimal input distribution is proved to be discrete with finite support. To overcome the computationally heavy search for the optimal discrete distribution, several suboptimal schemes are proposed and shown numerically to perform close to the capacity. Moreover, lower and upper bounds for the secret-key capacity are provided and used to prove that the secret-key capacity converges for asymptotic high values of A, to the secret-key capacity with an average power constraint A2. Finally, when the amplitude constraint A is small (A ! 0), the secret-key capacity is proved to be asymptotically equal to the capacity of the legitimate user with an amplitude constraint A and no secrecy constraint.

  17. A statistical approach to quantify uncertainty in carbon monoxide measurements at the Izaña global GAW station: 2008–2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. J. Gomez-Pelaez

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Atmospheric CO in situ measurements are carried out at the Izaña (Tenerife global GAW (Global Atmosphere Watch Programme of the World Meteorological Organization – WMO mountain station using a Reduction Gas Analyser (RGA. In situ measurements at Izaña are representative of the subtropical Northeast Atlantic free troposphere, especially during nighttime. We present the measurement system configuration, the response function, the calibration scheme, the data processing, the Izaña 2008–2011 CO nocturnal time series, and the mean diurnal cycle by months. We have developed a rigorous uncertainty analysis for carbon monoxide measurements carried out at the Izaña station, which could be applied to other GAW stations. We determine the combined standard measurement uncertainty taking into consideration four contributing components: uncertainty of the WMO standard gases interpolated over the range of measurement, the uncertainty that takes into account the agreement between the standard gases and the response function used, the uncertainty due to the repeatability of the injections, and the propagated uncertainty related to the temporal consistency of the response function parameters (which also takes into account the covariance between the parameters. The mean value of the combined standard uncertainty decreased significantly after March 2009, from 2.37 nmol mol−1 to 1.66 nmol mol−1, due to improvements in the measurement system. A fifth type of uncertainty we call representation uncertainty is considered when some of the data necessary to compute the temporal mean are absent. Any computed mean has also a propagated uncertainty arising from the uncertainties of the data used to compute the mean. The law of propagation depends on the type of uncertainty component (random or systematic. In situ hourly means are compared with simultaneous and collocated NOAA flask samples. The uncertainty of the differences is computed and used to determine

  18. Patient and public perspectives shaping scientific and medical research: panels for data, discussions, and decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver S

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Seilin Uhm1, Kristin Liabo1, Ruth Stewart1,2, Rebecca Rees1, Sandy Oliver11Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK; 2The Centre for Language and Culture, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South AfricaAbstract: This paper explores the role of patient panels for shaping research for health, scientific research about health and illness, and applied medical research. After examining the history and purposes of involving patients in discussions and decision making for research, it outlines the expertise and skills required if panels are to be successful. The paper also analyses existing guidance for panels that include patients. Panels benefit from the experiential knowledge of panel members, craft knowledge of panel facilitators, and organizational knowledge gained through previous experience of hosting panels. Guidance is available that addresses structures and resources (for panel funders and interpersonal communication and group dynamics (for panel members and facilitators. This guidance is most comprehensive when it has itself been developed by all these types of stakeholders.Keywords: public involvement, patient panels, expert panels, guidelines, guidance

  19. Emotional Reactions and the Pulse of Public Opinion: Measuring the Impact of Political Events on the Sentiment of Online Discussions

    CERN Document Server

    Gonzalez-Bailon, Sandra; Kaltenbrunner, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyses changes in public opinion by tracking political discussions in which people voluntarily engage online. Unlike polls or surveys, our approach does not elicit opinions but approximates what the public thinks by analysing the discussions in which they decide to take part. We measure the emotional content of online discussions in three dimensions (valence, arousal and dominance), paying special attention to deviation around average values, which we use as a proxy for disagreement and polarisation. We show that this measurement of public opinion helps predict presidential approval rates, suggesting that there is a point of connection between online discussions (often deemed not representative of the overall population) and offline polls. We also show that this measurement provides a deeper understanding of the individual mechanisms that drive aggregated shifts in public opinion. Our data spans a period that includes two US presidential elections, the attacks of September 11, and the start of mi...

  20. Climatology of new particle formation events in the subtropical North Atlantic free troposphere at Izaña GAW observatory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. I. García

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A climatology of new particle formation (NPF events in the subtropical North Atlantic free troposphere is presented. A four year data set (June 2008–June 2012, which includes number size distributions (10–600 nm, reactive gases (SO2, NOx, and O3, several components of solar radiation and meteorological parameters, measured at Izaña Global Atmospheric Watch observatory (2400 m above sea level; Tenerife, Canary Islands was analysed. On average, NPF occurred during 30% of the days,the mean values of the formation and growth rates during the study period were 0.49 cm−3 s−1 and 0.42 nm h−1, correspondingly. There is a clearly marked NPF season (May to August, when these events account for 50 to 60% of the days/month. Monthly mean values of the formation and growth rates exhibit higher values during this season (0.50–0.95 cm−3 s−1 and 0.48–0.58 nm h−1, respectively than during other periods. The two steps (formation and growth of the NPF process mostly occur under the prevailing northern winds typical of this region. Sulphur dioxide and UV radiation show higher levels during NPF events than in other type of episodes. The presence of Saharan dust in the free troposphere is associated with a decrease in the formation rates of new particles. In the analysis of the year-to-year variability, mean sulphur dioxide concentration (within the range 60–300 ppt was the parameter that exhibited the highest correlation with the frequency of NPF episodes. The availability of this trace gas (i.e. their oxidation products seems also to have a influence on the duration of the events, number of formed nucleation particles, formation rates and growth rates. We identified a set of NPF events in which two nucleation modes (that may evolve at different rates occur simultaneously and for which further investigations are necessary.

  1. The Moderator as an Emerging Democratic Intermediairy: The Role of the Moderator in Internet Discussions about Public Issues

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Edwards (Arthur)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractA common approach towards the role of the moderator in Internet discussions is to see him as a filter. In this article I want to show that the moderator in government-initiated Internet discussions about public issues can be seen as a democratic intermediary, and that this role has the p

  2. Ethical Guidelines for Human Communication and Public Discussion: A Gandhian Intercultural Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bode, Robert A.

    Ethical communication scholars frequently find national popular rhetoric unethical. Some proposed ethical guidelines for the public presentation of ideas call for such elements as habits of search, justice, preference for public versus private motives, respect for dissent, airing of all relevant arguments, and persuasion without coercion or…

  3. Public Reporting of Nursing Home Quality of Care: Lessons from the United States Experience for Canadian Policy Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchinson, Alison M.; Draper, Kellie; Sales, Anne E.

    2009-01-01

    While the demand for continuing care services in Canada grows, the quality of such services has come under increasing scrutiny. Consideration has been given to the use of public reporting of quality data as a mechanism to stimulate quality improvement and promote public accountability for and transparency in service quality. The recent adoption of the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) throughout a number of Canadian jurisdictions means that standardized quality data are available for comparisons among facilities across regions, provinces and nationally. In this paper, we explore current knowledge on public reporting in nursing homes in the United States to identify what lessons may inform policy discussion regarding potential use of public reporting in Canada. Based on these findings, we make recommendations regarding how public reporting should be progressed and managed if Canadian jurisdictions were to implement this strategy. PMID:21037828

  4. A discussion about public health, lead and Legionella pneumophila in drinking water supplies in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Michael B; Pokhrel, Lok R; Weir, Mark H

    2017-07-15

    Lead (Pb) in public drinking water supplies has garnered much attention since the outset of the Flint water crisis. Pb is a known hazard in multiple environmental matrices, exposure from which results in long-term deleterious health effects in humans. This discussion paper aims to provide a succinct account of environmental Pb exposures with a focus on water Pb levels (WLLs) in the United States. It is understood that there is a strong correlation between WLLs and blood Pb levels (BLLs), and the associated health effects. However, within the Flint water crisis, more than water chemistry and Pb exposure occurred. A cascade of regulatory and bureaucratic failures culminated in the Flint water crisis. This paper will discuss pertinent regulations and responses including their limitations after an overview of the public health effects from Pb exposure as well as discussion on our limitations on monitoring and mitigating Pb in tap water. As the Flint water crisis also included increased Legionnares' disease, caused by Legionella pneumophila, this paper will discuss factors influencing L. pneumophila growth. This will highlight the systemic nature of changes to water chemistry and public health impacts. As we critically analyze these important aspects of water research, we offer discussions to stimulate future water quality research from a new and systemic perspective to inform and guide public health decision-making.

  5. 77 FR 37472 - Pipeline Safety: Notice of Public Workshop To Discuss Implementing Incorporation by Reference...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-21

    ... community and the standards developing organizations about the legal, practical, financial and policy... Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Request for information and notice of public workshop. SUMMARY: This notice... consensus standards by reference into its regulations unless those standards have been made available free...

  6. TUESDAY: EPA Administrator to Discuss Historic Clean Power Plan to Cut U.S. Carbon Pollution and Protect Public Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    WASHINGTON - On Tuesday, August 11, EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy will be discussing the Clean Power Plan at the Resources for the Future (RFF) Leadership Forum. The Clean Power Plan will protect public health, spur clean energy investments and st

  7. 75 FR 13646 - Public Meeting With Interested Persons To Discuss the Proposed AC 20-42D, Hand Fire Extinguishers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Public Meeting With Interested Persons To Discuss the Proposed AC 20-42D... received regarding proposed advisory circular (AC) 20-42D, Hand Fire Extinguishers for use in Aircraft... (IASFPWG) to draft a revision to the current AC 20-42C, issued on March 1984, by incorporating...

  8. Does a research group increase impact on the scientific community or general public discussion? Alternative metric-based evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Gregori, Manuela; Scotti, Valeria; De Silvestri, Annalisa; Curti, Moreno; Fanelli, Guido; Allegri, Massimo; Schatman, Michael E

    2016-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the impact of scientific publications of the Italian SIMPAR (Study In Multidisciplinary PAin Research) group by using altmetrics, defined as nontraditional metrics constituting an alternative to more traditional citation-impact metrics, such as impact factor and H-index. By correlating traditional and alternative metrics, we attempted to verify whether publications by the SIMPAR group collectively had more impact than those performed by its individual members, either in solo publications or in publications coauthored by non-SIMPAR group investigators (which for the purpose of this study we will refer to as "individual publications"). For all the 12 members of the group analyzed (pain therapists, biologists, and pharmacologists), we created Open Researcher and Contributor ID and Impact Story accounts, and synchronized these data. Manually, we calculated the level metrics for each article by dividing the data obtained from the research community by those obtained from the public community. We analyzed 759 articles, 18 of which were published by the SIMPAR group. Altmetrics demonstrated that SIMPAR group publications were more likely to be saved (77.8% vs 45.9%), discussed (61.1% vs 1.1%, Paltmetrics in estimating the value of the research products of a group.

  9. Discussions about Contraception or STDs Prior to Sex. Fact Sheet. Publication #2008-14

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holcombe, Emily; Ryan, Suzanne; Manlove, Jennifer

    2008-01-01

    Since decisions about sexual behavior are made by couples, communication between sexual partners is essential for preventing risky sexual behavior. In particular, teens who discuss contraception and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) with their partners before they engage in sex are more likely to use contraception when they do have sex, which…

  10. Reducing Preschoolers' Disruptive Behavior in Public with a Brief Parent Discussion Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joachim, Sabine; Sanders, Matthew R.; Turner, Karen M. T.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the efficacy of a brief 2-h discussion group for parents of preschool children that show disruptive behavior on shopping trips. Forty-six parents with children aged 2-6 years were randomly assigned to either the intervention condition or a waitlist control group. Significant intervention effects were found for measures of…

  11. Determination of Death: A Discussion on Responsible Scholarship, Clinical Practices, and Public Engagement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Racine, Eric; Jox, Ralf J; Bernat, James L; Dabrock, Peter; Gardiner, Dale; Marckmann, Georg; Rid, Annette; Rodriguez-Arias, David; Schmitten, Rgen In; Schöne-Seifert, Bettina

    2015-01-01

    The concept and determination of death by neurological or cardio-circulatory criteria play a crucial role for medical practice, society, and the law. Academic debates on death determination have regained momentum, and recent cases involving the neurological determination of death ("brain death") in the United States have sparked sustained public debate. The determination of death by neurological criterion (irreversible cessation of the whole brain or of the brain stem) is medically practiced in at least 80 countries. However, academic debates persist about the conceptual and scientific validity of death determined by neurological criterion. The cardio-circulatory criterion, which permits organ donation following cardio-circulatory arrest, has also recently been challenged. Given the presence of academic debates, several questions ensue about the responsible conduct of clinicians and scholars involved in clinical practices and academic research. This article identifies tension points for responsible practices in the domains of scholarship, clinical practice, and public discourse and formulates suggestions to stimulate further dialogue on responsible practices and to identify questions in need of further research.

  12. Discussing Climate Change with the Public: Presenting the Science is Necessary but Insufficient

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincelli, P.; Humble, J.

    2012-12-01

    Social science literature shows that the topic of climate change is imbued with cultural meaning for most Americans, such that sound scientific information alone is likely to be unpersuasive to people already doubtful about climate change. A current educational program on climate change emphasizes the following: *Less reliance on geophysical data *Positive messages as frequently as possible *Making the subject personal and concrete *Focusing on scientific aspects of climate change while refraining from promotion of particular policy solutions *Seeking ways to speak to core identities of diverse audiences *Assuring that communication efforts on this highly divisive topic are based on sensitivity to, and respect for, the diversity of worldviews present in citizens *To the extent possible, emphasizing optimism as well as our personal and collective capability to solve the problem of climate change. While this may seem self-evident, we also remind ourselves of the importance of avoiding criticism, blame, demonization, or arrogance in building a more inclusive community of public leaders on climate literacy.; Citing the recognition of climate-change science by trusted organizations is probably more convincing than showing reams of geophysical data. In particular, citing the Department of Defense may speak to the values of many who remain skeptical. ; This image is intended to speak to people that deeply value passing on a way of life to their descendants. Although nationalism can be carried to an extreme, this imagery can convey the notion that protecting our world from climate change is actually patriotic, something few Americans may realize.

  13. What do the JAMA editors say when they discuss manuscripts that they are considering for publication? Developing a schema for classifying the content of editorial discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rennie Drummond

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In an effort to identify previously unrecognized aspects of editorial decision-making, we explored the words and phrases that one group of editors used during their meetings. Methods We performed an observational study of discussions at manuscript meetings at JAMA, a major US general medical journal. One of us (KD attended 12 editorial meetings in 2003 as a visitor and took notes recording phrases from discussion surrounding 102 manuscripts. In addition, editors attending the meetings completed a form for each manuscript considered, listing the reasons they were inclined to proceed to the next step in publication and reasons they were not (DR attended 4/12 meetings. We entered the spoken and written phrases into NVivo 2.0. We then developed a schema for classifying the editors' phrases, using an iterative approach. Results Our classification schema has three main themes: science, journalism, and writing. We considered 2,463 phrases, of which 87 related mainly to the manuscript topic and were not classified (total 2,376 classified. Phrases related to science predominated (1,274 or 54%. The editors, most of whom were physicians, also placed major weight on goals important to JAMA's mission (journalism goals such as importance to medicine, strategic emphasis for the journal, interest to the readership, and results (729 or 31% of phrases. About 16% (n = 373 of the phrases used related to writing issues, such as clarity and responses to the referees' comments. Conclusion Classification of editorial discourse provides insight into editorial decision making and concepts that need exploration in future studies.

  14. What do the JAMA editors say when they discuss manuscripts that they are considering for publication? Developing a schema for classifying the content of editorial discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickersin, Kay; Ssemanda, Elizabeth; Mansell, Catherine; Rennie, Drummond

    2007-01-01

    Background In an effort to identify previously unrecognized aspects of editorial decision-making, we explored the words and phrases that one group of editors used during their meetings. Methods We performed an observational study of discussions at manuscript meetings at JAMA, a major US general medical journal. One of us (KD) attended 12 editorial meetings in 2003 as a visitor and took notes recording phrases from discussion surrounding 102 manuscripts. In addition, editors attending the meetings completed a form for each manuscript considered, listing the reasons they were inclined to proceed to the next step in publication and reasons they were not (DR attended 4/12 meetings). We entered the spoken and written phrases into NVivo 2.0. We then developed a schema for classifying the editors' phrases, using an iterative approach. Results Our classification schema has three main themes: science, journalism, and writing. We considered 2,463 phrases, of which 87 related mainly to the manuscript topic and were not classified (total 2,376 classified). Phrases related to science predominated (1,274 or 54%). The editors, most of whom were physicians, also placed major weight on goals important to JAMA's mission (journalism goals) such as importance to medicine, strategic emphasis for the journal, interest to the readership, and results (729 or 31% of phrases). About 16% (n = 373) of the phrases used related to writing issues, such as clarity and responses to the referees' comments. Conclusion Classification of editorial discourse provides insight into editorial decision making and concepts that need exploration in future studies. PMID:17894854

  15. What do the JAMA editors say when they discuss manuscripts that they are considering for publication? Developing a schema for classifying the content of editorial discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickersin, Kay; Ssemanda, Elizabeth; Mansell, Catherine; Rennie, Drummond

    2007-09-25

    In an effort to identify previously unrecognized aspects of editorial decision-making, we explored the words and phrases that one group of editors used during their meetings. We performed an observational study of discussions at manuscript meetings at JAMA, a major US general medical journal. One of us (KD) attended 12 editorial meetings in 2003 as a visitor and took notes recording phrases from discussion surrounding 102 manuscripts. In addition, editors attending the meetings completed a form for each manuscript considered, listing the reasons they were inclined to proceed to the next step in publication and reasons they were not (DR attended 4/12 meetings). We entered the spoken and written phrases into NVivo 2.0. We then developed a schema for classifying the editors' phrases, using an iterative approach. Our classification schema has three main themes: science, journalism, and writing. We considered 2,463 phrases, of which 87 related mainly to the manuscript topic and were not classified (total 2,376 classified). Phrases related to science predominated (1,274 or 54%). The editors, most of whom were physicians, also placed major weight on goals important to JAMA's mission (journalism goals) such as importance to medicine, strategic emphasis for the journal, interest to the readership, and results (729 or 31% of phrases). About 16% (n = 373) of the phrases used related to writing issues, such as clarity and responses to the referees' comments. Classification of editorial discourse provides insight into editorial decision making and concepts that need exploration in future studies.

  16. Discussion on Public Participation in Environmental Protection%浅论环境保护中的公众参与

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓晶

    2015-01-01

    Environmental factor is a kind of typical public product. The maintenance of the quality of environment , need the participation of the whole society except the active and effective management of the government. The breadth and depth of public participation determine the level of environmental protection. This paper discusses the main parts of public participation in environmental protection work.%环境要素作为一种典型的公共产品,其质量的维护除了政府进行积极、主动有效的管理,更需要全社会的共同参与,公众参与的广度和深度上决定着环境保护的水平.针对环保工作,论述了公众参与的主要环节.

  17. Using Twitter to Measure Public Discussion of Diseases: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, H Andrew; Hill, Shawndra; Merchant, Raina M; Arango, Catalina; Ungar, Lyle

    2015-01-01

    Background Twitter is increasingly used to estimate disease prevalence, but such measurements can be biased, due to both biased sampling and inherent ambiguity of natural language. Objective We characterized the extent of these biases and how they vary with disease. Methods We correlated self-reported prevalence rates for 22 diseases from Experian’s Simmons National Consumer Study (n=12,305) with the number of times these diseases were mentioned on Twitter during the same period (2012). We also identified and corrected for two types of bias present in Twitter data: (1) demographic variance between US Twitter users and the general US population; and (2) natural language ambiguity, which creates the possibility that mention of a disease name may not actually refer to the disease (eg, “heart attack” on Twitter often does not refer to myocardial infarction). We measured the correlation between disease prevalence and Twitter disease mentions both with and without bias correction. This allowed us to quantify each disease’s overrepresentation or underrepresentation on Twitter, relative to its prevalence. Results Our sample included 80,680,449 tweets. Adjusting disease prevalence to correct for Twitter demographics more than doubles the correlation between Twitter disease mentions and disease prevalence in the general population (from .113 to .258, P correlation between disease mentions and prevalence of .208 ( P correlation to .366 ( P <.001). Compared with prevalence rates, cancer appeared most overrepresented in Twitter, whereas high cholesterol appeared most underrepresented. Conclusions Twitter is a potentially useful tool to measure public interest in and concerns about different diseases, but when comparing diseases, improvements can be made by adjusting for population demographics and word ambiguity. PMID:26925459

  18. 关于一稿多发界定的探析%DISCUSSION ON DEFINING MULTIPLE PUBLICATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常宏建; 方玉东; 陈越

    2012-01-01

    本文对一稿多发、一稿多投、重复发表、再次发表、自我剽窃等相关概念进行了讨论,分析了它们之间的区别和联系。对一稿多发这一学术现象的内涵进行了探讨,阐释了一稿多发的类型和影响。提出判定一稿多发的3个要件,即同一作者或合作者将同一论文或内容重复较多的论文在两家及以上的公开出版的学术期刊发表。%This paper discusses multiple publications, multiple contribution, repetitive publication, second- ary publication, self-plagiarism and other related concepts, analyses differences and connections between them, probes into connotation of the academic phenomenon about multiple publications and illuminates its type and effects. Three elements of deciding multiple publications are put forward., the same author or col laborators publish the same or repetitive paper in two or more published academic journals and the actors are at fault.

  19. Does a research group increase impact on the scientific community or general public discussion? Alternative metric-based evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Gregori M

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Manuela De Gregori,1-3,* Valeria Scotti,4,* Annalisa De Silvestri,4 Moreno Curti,4 Guido Fanelli,2,5,6 Massimo Allegri,2,5,6 Michael E Schatman,2,7 1Pain Therapy Service, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy; 2Study In Multidisciplinary PAin Research Group, Parma, Italy; 3Young Against Pain Group, Parma, Italy; 4Center for Scientific Documentation and Biometry Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy; 5Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Parma, Italy; 6Anesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Therapy Service, Azienda Ospedaliero, Universitaria di Parma, Parma, Italy; 7US Pain Foundation, Bellevue, WA, USA *These authors contributed equally to this work. Abstract: In this study, we investigated the impact of scientific publications of the Italian SIMPAR (Study In Multidisciplinary PAin Research group by using altmetrics, defined as nontraditional metrics constituting an alternative to more traditional citation-impact metrics, such as impact factor and H-index. By correlating traditional and alternative metrics, we attempted to verify whether publications by the SIMPAR group collectively had more impact than those performed by its individual members, either in solo publications or in publications coauthored by non-SIMPAR group investigators (which for the purpose of this study we will refer to as “individual publications”. For all the 12 members of the group analyzed (pain therapists, biologists, and pharmacologists, we created Open Researcher and Contributor ID and Impact Story accounts, and synchronized these data. Manually, we calculated the level metrics for each article by dividing the data obtained from the research community by those obtained from the public community. We analyzed 759 articles, 18 of which were published by the SIMPAR group. Altmetrics demonstrated that SIMPAR group publications were more likely to be saved (77.8% vs 45.9%, discussed

  20. Compatibility of different measurement techniques of global solar radiation and application for long-term observations at Izaña Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delia García, Rosa; Cuevas, Emilio; García, Omaira Elena; Ramos, Ramón; Romero-Campos, Pedro Miguel; de Ory, Fernado; Cachorro, Victoria Eugenia; de Frutos, Angel

    2017-03-01

    A 1-year inter-comparison of classical and modern radiation and sunshine duration (SD) instruments has been performed at Izaña Atmospheric Observatory (IZO) located in Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain) starting on 17 July 2014. We compare daily global solar radiation (GSRH) records measured with a Kipp & Zonen CM-21 pyranometer, taken in the framework of the Baseline Surface Radiation Network, with those measured with a multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR), a bimetallic pyranometer (PYR) and GSRH estimated from sunshine duration performed by a Campbell-Stokes sunshine recorder (CS) and a Kipp & Zonen sunshine duration sensor (CSD). Given that the BSRN GSRH records passed strict quality controls (based on principles of physical limits and comparison with the LibRadtran model), they have been used as reference in the inter-comparison study. We obtain an overall root mean square error (RMSE) of ˜ 0.9 MJm-2 (4 %) for PYR and MFRSR GSRH, 1.9 (7 %) and 1.2 MJm-2 (5 %) for CS and CSD GSRH, respectively. Factors such as temperature, relative humidity (RH) and the solar zenith angle (SZA) have been shown to moderately affect the GSRH observations. As an application of the methodology developed in this work, we have re-evaluated the GSRH data time series obtained at IZO with two PYRs between 1977 and 1991. Their high consistency and temporal stability have been proved by comparing with GSRH estimates obtained from SD observations. These results demonstrate that (1) the continuous-basis inter-comparison of different GSRH techniques offers important diagnostics for identifying inconsistencies between GSRH data records, and (2) the GSRH measurements performed with classical and more simple instruments are consistent with more modern techniques and, thus, valid to recover GSRH data time series and complete worldwide distributed GSRH data. The inter-comparison and quality assessment of these different techniques have allowed us to obtain a complete and consistent

  1. Aerosol optical depth retrievals at the Izaña Atmospheric Observatory from 1941 to 2013 by using artificial neural networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, R. D.; García, O. E.; Cuevas, E.; Cachorro, V. E.; Barreto, A.; Guirado-Fuentes, C.; Kouremeti, N.; Bustos, J. J.; Romero-Campos, P. M.; de Frutos, A. M.

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the reconstruction of a 73-year time series of the aerosol optical depth (AOD) at 500 nm at the subtropical high-mountain Izaña Atmospheric Observatory (IZO) located in Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain). For this purpose, we have combined AOD estimates from artificial neural networks (ANNs) from 1941 to 2001 and AOD measurements directly obtained with a Precision Filter Radiometer (PFR) between 2003 and 2013. The analysis is limited to summer months (July-August-September), when the largest aerosol load is observed at IZO (Saharan mineral dust particles). The ANN AOD time series has been comprehensively validated against coincident AOD measurements performed with a solar spectrometer Mark-I (1984-2009) and AERONET (AErosol RObotic NETwork) CIMEL photometers (2004-2009) at IZO, obtaining a rather good agreement on a daily basis: Pearson coefficient, R, of 0.97 between AERONET and ANN AOD, and 0.93 between Mark-I and ANN AOD estimates. In addition, we have analysed the long-term consistency between ANN AOD time series and long-term meteorological records identifying Saharan mineral dust events at IZO (synoptical observations and local wind records). Both analyses provide consistent results, with correlations > 85 %. Therefore, we can conclude that the reconstructed AOD time series captures well the AOD variations and dust-laden Saharan air mass outbreaks on short-term and long-term timescales and, thus, it is suitable to be used in climate analysis.

  2. Editorial research and the publication process in biomedicine and health: Report from the Esteve Foundation Discussion Group, December 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marušić, Ana; Malički, Mario; von Elm, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Despite the fact that there are more than twenty thousand biomedical journals in the world, research into the work of editors and publication process in biomedical and health care journals is rare. In December 2012, the Esteve Foundation, a non-profit scientific institution that fosters progress in pharmacotherapy by means of scientific communication and discussion organized a discussion group of 7 editors and/or experts in peer review biomedical publishing. They presented findings of past editorial research, discussed the lack of competitive funding schemes and specialized journals for dissemination of editorial research, and reported on the great diversity of misconduct and conflict of interest policies, as well as adherence to reporting guidelines. Furthermore, they reported on the reluctance of editors to investigate allegations of misconduct or increase the level of data sharing in health research. In the end, they concluded that if editors are to remain gatekeepers of scientific knowledge they should reaffirm their focus on the integrity of the scientific record and completeness of the data they publish. Additionally, more research should be undertaken to understand why many journals are not adhering to editorial standards, and what obstacles editors face when engaging in editorial research.

  3. Contested embryonic culture in Japan--public discussion, and human embryonic stem cell research in an aging welfare society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sleeboom-Faulkner, Margaret

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the reasons for the lack of a broad discussion on bioethical regulation of human embryonic stem cell research (hESR) in Japan and asks why scientists experience difficulties accessing resources for hESR despite the acclaimed indifference of dominant Japanese culture to embryo research. The article shows how various social actors express their views on the embryo and oocyte donation in terms of dominant Japanese culture, foiled against what is regarded as Western culture. Second, it shows how the lack of concern with hESR should be understood in the context of public health policies and communications and bioethics decision making in Japan. Finally, it interprets the meaning of the embryo in the context of Japan as an aging modern welfare society, explaining how policymakers have come to emphasize the urgency of infertility problems over issues around abortion and embryonic life.

  4. Re-construction of global solar radiation time series from 1933 to 2013 at the Izaña Atmospheric Observatory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. D. García

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the re-construction of the 80 year time series of daily global shortwave downward radiation (SDR at the subtropical high-mountain Izaña Atmospheric Observatory (IZO, Spain. For this purpose, we combine SDR estimates from sunshine duration (SD data using the Ångström–Prescott method over the 1933/1991 period, and SDR observations directly performed by pyranometers between 1992 and 2013. Since SDR measurements have been used as a reference, a strict quality control has been applied, when it was not possible data have been re-calibrated by using the LibRadtran model. By comparing to high quality SDR measurements, the precision and consistency over time of SDR estimations from SD data have successfully been documented. We obtain a overall root mean square error (RMSE of 9.2% and an agreement between the variances of SDR estimations and SDR measurements within 92% (correlation coefficient of 0.96. Nonetheless, this agreement significantly increases when the SDR estimation is done considering different daily fractions of clear sky (FCS. In that case, RMSE is reduced by half, up to about 4.5%, when considering percentages of FCS > 40% (90% of days in the testing period. Furthermore, we prove that the SDR estimations can monitor the SDR anomalies in consistency with SDR measurements and, then, can be suitable for re-constructing solar radiation time series. The re-constructed IZO global SDR time series between 1933 and 2013 confirms discontinuities and periods of increases/decreases of solar radiation at Earth's surface observed at a global scale, such as the early brightening, dimming and brightening. This fact supports the consistency of the IZO SDR time series presented in this work, which may be a reference for solar radiation studies in the subtropical North Atlantic region.

  5. Future Public Policy and Ethical Issues Facing the Agricultural and Microbial Genomics Sectors of the Biotechnology Industry: A Roundtable Discussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diane E. Hoffmann

    2003-09-12

    On September 12, 2003, the University of Maryland School of Law's Intellectual Property and Law & Health Care Programs jointly sponsored and convened a roundtable discussion on the future public policy and ethical issues that will likely face the agricultural and microbial genomics sectors of the biotechnology industry. As this industry has developed over the last two decades, societal concerns have moved from what were often local issues, e.g., the safety of laboratories where scientists conducted recombinant DNA research on transgenic microbes, animals and crops, to more global issues. These newer issues include intellectual property, international trade, risks of genetically engineered foods and microbes, bioterrorism, and marketing and labeling of new products sold worldwide. The fast paced nature of the biotechnology industry and its new developments often mean that legislators, regulators and society, in general, must play ''catch up'' in their efforts to understand the issues, the risks, and even the benefits, that may result from the industry's new ways of conducting research, new products, and novel methods of product marketing and distribution. The goal of the roundtable was to develop a short list of the most significant public policy and ethical issues that will emerge as a result of advances in these sectors of the biotechnology industry over the next five to six years. More concretely, by ''most significant'' the conveners meant the types of issues that would come to the attention of members of Congress or state legislators during this time frame and for which they would be better prepared if they had well researched and timely background information. A concomitant goal was to provide a set of focused issues for academic debate and scholarship so that policy makers, industry leaders and regulators would have the intellectual resources they need to better understand the issues and concerns at stake. The

  6. On the Ergodic Secret-Key Agreement over Spatially Correlated Multiple-Antenna Channels with Public Discussion

    KAUST Repository

    Zorgui, Marwen

    2015-09-28

    We consider secret-key agreement with public discussion over multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) Rayleigh fast-fading channels under correlated environment. We assume that transmit, legitimate receiver and eavesdropper antennas are correlated. The legitimate receiver and the eavesdropper are assumed to have perfect channel knowledge while the transmitter has only knowledge of the correlation matrices. First, we derive the expression of the secret-key capacity under the considered setup. We prove that the optimal transmit strategy achieving the secret-key capacity consists in transmitting independent Gaussian signals along the eingenvectors of the transmit correlation matrix. The powers allocated to each channel mode are determined as the solution to a numerical optimization problem. A necessary and sufficient condition for beamforming (i.e., transmitting along the strongest channel mode) to be capacity-achieving is derived. Moreover, we analyze the impact of correlation matrices on the system performance. Finally, we study the system’s performance in the two extreme power regimes. In the high-power regime, we provide closed-form expressions of the gain/loss due to correlation. In the low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) regime, we investigate the energy efficiency of the system by determining the minimum energy required for sharing a secret-key bit and the wideband slope while highlighting the impact of correlation matrices.

  7. Secret-key agreement over spatially correlated fast-fading multiple-antenna channels with public discussion

    KAUST Repository

    Zorgui, Marwen

    2015-06-14

    We consider secret-key agreement with public discussion over multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) Rayleigh fast-fading channels under correlated environment. We assume that transmit, legitimate receiver and eavesdropper antennas are correlated. The legitimate receiver and the eavesdropper are assumed to have perfect channel knowledge while the transmitter has only knowledge of the correlation matrices. First, we derive the expression of the secret-key capacity under the considered setup. Then, we prove that the optimal transmit strategy achieving the secret-key capacity consists in transmitting independent Gaussian signals along the eingenvectors of the transmit correlation matrix. The powers allocated to each channel mode are determined as the solution to a numerical optimization problem that we derive. A necessary and sufficient condition for beamforming (i.e., transmitting along the strongest channel mode) to be capacity-achieving is derived. Finally, we analyze the impact of correlation matrices on the system performance and provide closed-form expressions of the gain/loss due to correlation in the high power regime.

  8. Programa de vapor de agua en columna del Centro de Investigación Atmosférica de Izaña: análisis e intercomparación de diferentes técnicas de medida

    OpenAIRE

    Romero Campos, Pedro Miguel; Cuevas Agulló, Emilio; Ramos López, Ramón; Valdés Pérez de Vargas, Marcelino; Schneider, Matthias

    2009-01-01

    Nota técnica del Centro de Investigación Atmosférica de Izaña que describe las técnicas disponibles para medir el vapor de agua en columna así como la comparación de los resultados obtenidos. El vapor de agua atmosférico constituye una de las 44 variables climáticas esenciales del Sistema mundial de observación del clima de la Organización meteorológica mundial.

  9. Discussion on the Concept of Forest Public Product Based on the Relationship of Modern Population, Resource and Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Changchun; ZHOU; Enguang; ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    Based on the unbalanced relationship among modern population, resource and environment, as well as the weak awareness and supply-demand conflict of forest public product, the paper exposed the public product function of forestry and explained its meaning, then evaluated the traditional concepts of forestry, product, and forest products, and finally redefined the extension of forest products. On this basis, the concepts of forestry and public products were elaborated, and the connotation, characteristics and extension of forest public products were clearly defined and described.

  10. First observations of tropospheric δD data observed by ground- and space-based remote sensing and surface in-situ measurement techniques at MUSICA's principle reference station (Izaña Observatory, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    González, Yenny; Schneider, Matthias; Christner, Emanuel; Rodríguez, Omaira E.; Sepúlveda, Eliezer; Dyroff, Christoph; Wiegele, Andreas

    2013-04-01

    The main goal of the project MUSICA (Multiplatform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water) is the generation of a quasi global tropospheric water vapor isototopologue dataset of a good and well-documented quality. Therefore, new ground- and space-based remote sensing observations (NDACC-FTIR and IASI/METOP) are combined with in-situ measurements. This work presents the first comparison between in-situ and remote sensing observations made at the Izaña Atmospheric Research Centre (Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain). The in-situ measurements are made by a Picarro L2120-i water vapor isotopologue analyzer. At Izaña the in-situ data are affected by local small-scale mixing processes: during daylight, the thermally buoyant upslope flow prompts the mixing between the Marine Boundary Layer (MBL) and the low Free Troposphere (FT). However, the remote sensors detect δD values averaged over altitudes that are more representative for the free troposphere. This difference has to be considered for the comparison. In general, a good agreement between the MUSICA remote sensing and the in situ H2O-versus-δD plots is found, which demonstrates that the MUSICA δD remote sensing products add scientifically valuable information to the H2O data.

  11. Making Common Sense of Vaccines: An Example of Discussing the Recombinant Attenuated Salmonella Vaccine with the Public.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dankel, Dorothy J; Roland, Kenneth L; Fisher, Michael; Brenneman, Karen; Delgado, Ana; Santander, Javier; Baek, Chang-Ho; Clark-Curtiss, Josephine; Strand, Roger; Curtiss, Roy

    2014-01-01

    Researchers have iterated that the future of synthetic biology and biotechnology lies in novel consumer applications of crossing biology with engineering. However, if the new biology's future is to be sustainable, early and serious efforts must be made towards social sustainability. Therefore, the crux of new applications of synthetic biology and biotechnology is public understanding and acceptance. The RASVaccine is a novel recombinant design not found in nature that re-engineers a common bacteria (Salmonella) to produce a strong immune response in humans. Synthesis of the RASVaccine has the potential to improve public health as an inexpensive, non-injectable product. But how can scientists move forward to create a dialogue of creating a 'common sense' of this new technology in order to promote social sustainability? This paper delves into public issues raised around these novel technologies and uses the RASVaccine as an example of meeting the public with a common sense of its possibilities and limitations.

  12. Discussion on public space design in architecture construction%谈建筑中的公共空间设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白梅; 牛凯

    2012-01-01

    通过对几个优秀的公共空间设计实例进行研究,探索其建筑中公共空间的设计思考,分析如何在公共空间中进行"大"的空间建构,使建筑中的公共空间为人们提供交往的场所。%Through the research on a few outstanding public space design example,this paper explored the design thinking of public space in architecture construction,analyzed how to make "big" space architecture in public space,made the public space of architecture construction provide communication places for people.

  13. Discussion on Public Services of Academic Library%高校图书馆开展公共服务探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严扬帆

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes the advantages and present situation of public services in aspects of the information resource, talent, technology , etc. in academic library. The strategy of public services of academic library is discussed.%本文分析了高校图书馆开展公共服务的优势及现状,探讨了高校图书馆开展公共服务的对策。

  14. Practice and Discussion on Public Library Developing Law Information Services%公共图书馆普法服务的实践与探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余胜

    2011-01-01

    公共图书馆开展普法服务是承担社会责任的体现,是履行社会教育职能的要求,是进行服务创新的举措。本文总结、梳理了我国公共图书馆开展普法服务的实践和做法,对公共图书馆进一步做好普法服务进行了探讨。%Developing law information services of public libraries is a sort of embodiment of public libraries bearing social responsibility,the demand of public libraries fulfilling social education and a kind of service innovation.This article summarizes the practice of public libraries developing law information services in China and discusses how to develop law information services for public libraries better.

  15. Public educational policy in Rio Grande do Sul: Indicators for discussion and analysis in the area of the High Abilities/ Giftedness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nara Joyce Wellausen Vieira

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The actions to settle the proposal of public educational policy in Rio Grande do Sul state (Brazil are discussed and analyzed in this paper, based upon Prieto’s indicators (2001, 2002, 2003: legal guidelines; theoretical conception; educational organization and functioning; educational system management; investments in the educational field; and teachers’ working conditions. Finally, a new paradigm of Special Education and the relevance of proposing public policies considering this model are highlighted, as well as the importance of an articulation among the different state departments to reinforce the public policy actions.

  16. Seminar to Discuss the Present Status of Vision Engineering for the Dade County Board of Public Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pancoast, Ferendino, Grafton and Skeels, Architects, Miami, FL.

    Proceedings of a seminar on the present status of vision engineering and the possible effects on criteria for school planning. A discussion by Dr. H. Richard Blackwell on vision engineering is included. Topics of discussion include--(1) broad aspects of the effect of light upon sight, (2) lighting variables and task visibility, (3) lighting…

  17. Who Benefits from Public Education Spending in Malawi? Results from the Recent Education Reform. World Bank Discussion Paper No. 350.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro-Leal, Florencia

    This study uses the Benefit Incidence Analysis to examine the distribution of public spending across different socioeconomic groups before and after the government of Malawi made great changes in educational policy in 1994. Primary education was made the top priority with increased spending on education and primary school fees abolished. The…

  18. 76 FR 23513 - Public and Closed Meeting To Discuss Comments on Draft Regulatory Basis for Rulemaking Revising...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    ... Regulatory Basis for Rulemaking Revising Security Requirements for Facilities Storing Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Public meeting. SUMMARY... nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLW). This meeting is a follow-up to the NRC's notice...

  19. 政府与社会资本合作模式探讨%Discussion of Public-Private Partnerships in Public Hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷莉

    2015-01-01

    Combining the practical problems faced by the public hospital reform, this paper proposed that social capital could be involved in providing health care services to avoid "market failure" and "government failure" in the medical industry from the perspective of public administration. Combined with the spirit of " The Notice of the Promotion and Application of PPP as well as its Relevant Issues" issued by Ministry of Finance in 2014, the author proposed that public hospitals can utilize public-private partnerships model (PPP model). This article illustrated the significance of PPP model applied to public hospitals from two aspects. First, it could broaden the financing channels of public hospitals. Second, it could improve the operational efficiency of public hospitals. The author introduced the practice of the PPP model applied in his hospital. One is outsourcing and the other is cooperation with private hospitals. This article also introduced another important PPP model -- IOT as well as its application in other public hospitals. PPP is an effective way to broaden the financing ways for public hospitals and change its operation pattern. In the application and promotion of PPP, public hospitals should base on their reality and constantly summarize experience, which would contribute to public hospital reform.%本文结合当前公立医院改革所面临的实际问题,从公共管理的角度分析提出,医疗行业要避免“市场失灵”与“政府失灵”现象的发生,社会资本可以参与提供医疗服务。结合2014年财政部颁发的《关于推广运用政府和社会资本合作模式有关问题的通知》等一系列文件精神,作者提出公立医院可以灵活运用政府和社会资本合作模式(PPP模式)。本文从两方面阐述了政府和社会资本合作模式在公立医院应用的意义:一是可以拓宽公立医院筹资渠道,二是可以提高公立医院运营效率。作者介绍了所在医院应

  20. The Impact of School Accountability Laws on Measures of Trust between Indiana Public School Superintendents and Teacher Union Leaders within the Forum of Mandatory Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downs, Philip G.

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the impact of the school accountability laws "No Child Left Behind" and Indiana's Public Law 221 on Superintendents' perception of their relationship with the Teachers' Union Leader in their mandatory discussion meetings. Both school accountability laws contain provisions for the Indiana's Department of Education to…

  1. 75 FR 36505 - Notice of Public Webinar To Discuss the Applicability of 10 CFR 73.55 Requirements to Part 50...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... Federal Regulations (10 CFR) 73.55 (March 27, 2009; 74 FR 13925) and the other stakeholders. The purpose.... In fact, the statement of considerations for this regulation notes (March 27, 2009; 74 FR 13925) that... of Public Webinar To Discuss the Applicability of 10 CFR 73.55 Requirements to Part 50 Licensees...

  2. A glossary for big data in population and public health: discussion and commentary on terminology and research methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Daniel; Buote, Richard; Stanley, Kevin

    2017-09-16

    The volume and velocity of data are growing rapidly and big data analytics are being applied to these data in many fields. Population and public health researchers may be unfamiliar with the terminology and statistical methods used in big data. This creates a barrier to the application of big data analytics. The purpose of this glossary is to define terms used in big data and big data analytics and to contextualise these terms. We define the five Vs of big data and provide definitions and distinctions for data mining, machine learning and deep learning, among other terms. We provide key distinctions between big data and statistical analysis methods applied to big data. We contextualise the glossary by providing examples where big data analysis methods have been applied to population and public health research problems and provide brief guidance on how to learn big data analysis methods. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  3. Public discussion on ground subsidence of the Wadden Sea, 8 September 1993; Openbare discussiedag `Bodemdaling Waddenzee`, 8 september 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindeboom, H.J. [ed.

    1996-12-31

    On the request of a number of members of the Dutch Parliament and the involved industries NAM (Dutch Oil Company) and Elf Petroland, NIOZ organized a workshop on ground subsidence in the Dutch part of the Wadden Sea as a result of gas exploration. In this report contributions of participants which served as the basis for the discussions, are presented. Also a summary is given of the discussions and impressions of the chairpersons. The contributions deal with the historical development of the Wadden Sea, the predicted ground subsidence, the question whether natural transport of sand can keep up with that subsidence, the possible effects on salt marshes and Wadden Sea birds, and the consequences for the total ecosystem of the Wadden Sea

  4. Validation of the IASI operational CH4 and N2O products using ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometer: preliminary results at the Izaña Observatory (28ºN, 17ºW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omaira García

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Within the project VALIASI (VALidation of IASI level 2 products the validation of the IASI operational atmospheric trace gas products (total column amounts of H2O, O3, CH4, N2O, CO2 and CO as well H2O and O3 profiles will be carried out. Ground-based FTS (Fourier Transform Spectrometer trace gas measurements made in the framework of NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change serve as the validation reference. In this work, we will present the validation methodology developed for this project and show the first intercomparison results obtained for the Izaña Atmospheric Observatory between 2008 and 2012. As example, we will focus on two of the most important greenhouse gases, CH4 and N2O.

  5. 公益广告语言艺术刍议%Discussion on Public Service Ads Language Arts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴伟宁

    2012-01-01

    The PSAs has the characteristics of conceptual,convince and artistic,as an integral part of the advertising lan-guage PSAs,and plays an important role.PSAs language has a simple and neat,polite,vivid,humorous novel aptly language arts style,and varied by genre,the performance of the widespread use of the phrase,softening language,clever use of rhe-torical devices as well as public service ads business practices to achieve these artistic style.%公益广告具有观念性、说服性和艺术性的特点,作为公益广告组成部分之一的广告语言,起着举足轻重的作用。公益广告的语言具有简洁明快、文明礼貌、形象生动、幽默风趣、新颖贴切等语言艺术风格,并通过体裁多样、短语的广泛使用、软化语言、修辞手法的巧妙运用以及公益广告的商业做法等表现手法来达到这些艺术风格。

  6. Principles for a Code of Conduct for the Sustainable Management of Mangrove Ecosystems: A Work in Progress for Public Discussion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thomas

    The Principles for a Code of Conduct for Sustainable Management of Mangrove Ecosystems is a guide to assist states, local and national non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders to develop cooperatively local codes, laws and/or regulations to protect mangroves and the critical functions...... they serve. Mangroves contribute significantly to local livelihoods, biodiversity conservation, fisheries productivity and coastal protection. But these economic and environmental benefits are only achievable through greater awareness that mangroves must be managed sustainably. The objective is to help bring...... attention to the importance of mangrove ecosystems, particularly to policy makers, to help arrest and reverse their loss. The Principles, being a work in progress, are being discussed in a range of forums that involve representatives from governments, NGOs, multilateral organizations, research institutions...

  7. Salmonid Council of Newfoundland and Labrador comments on public discussion paper : Developing an energy plan for Newfoundland and Labrador

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hustins, D.

    2006-02-02

    The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador has promoted public debate on the future energy needs of the province in order to assess all alternatives. The Salmonid Council of Newfoundland and Labrador (SCNL) supports this effort and recognizes that new energy needs are necessary to support the developing economy. The SCNL has provided advice on preserving the valuable sport fishery for Atlantic salmon and trout in the province. The Council is dedicated to the conservation and wise management of salmonids and their habitat. The 12 affiliated members of the Council were identified along with other organizations that actively support the objectives of the SCNL. The Council has been active in the following activities: development of salmon and trout management plants; establishment of the Cooperation Agreement for Salmonid Enhancement; moratorium on the commercial exploitation of wild salmon; moratorium on small hydroelectric development; growth and development of community stewardship groups; conservation and restoration of salmon stocks in the province; and, the promotion of catch and release angling. This document reviewed issues such as the value of the sport fishing industry; stock status; effects of hydroelectric development on salmon; candidate rivers for hydroelectric development; and, recent investments in restoring salmonid habitat and stocks. This document also presented the Council's 12 recommendations to the government to develop the maximum amount of power with the least environmental damage. The Council's vision is to double the growth of sport fishery over the next 10 years through improved management of this resource which generates economic wealth throughout the province, particularly in rural areas that are greatly challenged in available economic opportunities.

  8. Cyprus; 2011 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Cyprus

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2011-01-01

    The 2011 Article IV Consultation report discusses the Cypriot economy, which faces strong headwinds and downside risks owing to financial turbulence in the euro area and the large exposure of Cypriot banks to Greece. Executive Directors noted that Cyprus faces daunting economic challenges in the face of faltering external demand and worsening domestic financial conditions. Directors urged the authorities to act forcefully to restore sound public finances and safeguard the stability of the ban...

  9. A public service learning organization: from coast to coast : a policy discussion paper = La fonction publique : une organisation apprenante d'un ocean a l'autre : document de travail sur les orientations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this discussion paper is to establish a foundation for a Policy Framework to support the Public Service of Canada in its journey to transform itself into a Public Service learning organization...

  10. 公立医院信托融资问题分析与探讨%Analysis and discussion on trust financing in public hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志光; 王虹

    2014-01-01

    目前以公立医院为主体的融资活动,还没有真正地以市场为主导,理性地根据资本成本、风险和收益选择融资方式。通过讨论公立医院融资的政策背景和融资现状,比较分析公立医院主要融资方式及特点,对公立医院开展信托融资的优势进行分析,并探讨公立医院开展信托融资存在的主要问题和应用前景。%The current public hospital financing does not really a market oriented financing which rationally selects financing mode according to capital cost, risk and benefit. based on discussing the background of public hospitals financing policy and financing status, a comparative analysis on main financing ways and characteristics in public hospitals and the advantage, main problems and application prospect to carry out the trust financing for public hospitals have been carried out.

  11. Discussion and Analysis of the Decoration Design of Public Buildings%公共建筑室内装潢设计的探讨与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      公共建筑物的室内装潢设计不仅要满足特定的公共空间的功能,还要满足心理需求。本文首先阐述了公共建筑物装潢的概念与常见的分类,其次探讨了公共建筑物室内装潢设计的基本技术要求,希望能给同仁提供一定的帮助作用。%The decoration design of public buildings should not only meet the specific functions of public space, but also to meet the psychological needs. This paper first describes the co-ncept of public building decoration and common classification, and then discusses the basic technical requirements for the dec-oration design of public buildings, hoping to provide some he-lp to col eagues.

  12. The Role of Public Interaction with the Juno Mission: Documentation, Discussion, Selection and Processing of JunoCam Images of Jovian Cloud Features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orton, Glenn; Hansen, Candice; Momary, Thomas; Bolton, Scott

    2017-04-01

    Among the many "firsts" of the Juno mission is the open enlistment of the public in the operation of its visible camera, JunoCam. Although the scientific thrust of the Juno mission is largely focused on innovative approaches to understanding the structure and composition of Jupiter's interior, JunoCam was added to the payload largely to function in the role of education and public outreach (E/PO). For the first time, the public was able to engage in the discussion and choice of targets for a major NASA mission. The discussion about which features to image is enabled by a continuously updated map of Jupiter's cloud system while Jupiter is far enough from the sun to be observable by non-professional astronomers. Contributors range from very devoted astrophotographers to telescope and video 'hobbyists'. Juno therefore engages the world-wide amateur-astronomy community as a vast network of co-investigators, whose products stimulate conversation and global public awareness of Jupiter and Juno's investigative role. Contributed images also provide a temporal context to inform the Juno atmospheric investigation team of the state and evolution of the atmosphere. The contributed images are used to create s global map on a bi-weekly basis. These bi-weekly maps provide the focus for ongoing discussion about various planetary features over a long time frame. Approximately two weeks before Juno's closest approach to Jupiter on each orbit ("perijove" or PJ), starting in mid-November of 2016 in preparation for PJ3 on December 11, the atmospheric features that have been under discussion and available to JunoCam on that perijove were nominated for voting, and the public at large voted on where to point JunoCam's "elective" features. In addition, JunoCam provides the first close-up images of Jupiter's polar regions from a non-oblique viewpoint for the first time in over 40 years since the passage of Pioneer 11 over Jupiter's north pole. The Juno mission science team also provides

  13. Discussion on the Information Service of Public Library Based on Microblog%基于微博的公共图书馆信息服务探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡彩虹

    2012-01-01

    Microblog is becoming the most typical emerging power of mobile internet by its superiority of the shorter contents and varied release forms,providing a wider space for library information services.This paper analyses the significance of the application of microblog in the information services of public library,and discusses tactics of the information service of public library based on microblog.%阐述了微博以其内容精短、发布方式多样等优势成为移动互联网上最典型的新兴力量,为图书馆信息服务提供了更广阔的空间,分析了公共图书馆运用微博开展信息服务的意义,探讨了基于微博的公共图书馆信息服务的策略。

  14. The data envelopment analysis efficiency of public power suppliers. A contribution to the discussion of deregulation; Die DEA-Effizienz oeffentlicher Stromversorger. Ein Beitrag zur Deregulierungsdiskussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cantner, U.; Hanusch, H.; Westermann, G.

    1994-03-01

    The emphasis of a draft on the reform of energy legislation from the Federal Ministry of Economics and the emphasis of the general discussion is the so-called third party access and unbundling as well as the new approach to the granting of regional monopolies. In the final analysis the point of all these suggestions is to unbundle supplies and make sure that more competition creates more efficiency. This contribution looks at the empirical aspects of the problem. Some public power supply companies in Germany were selected in order to identify and describe inefficiencies of public power supply in Germany. Part two briefly describes the situation on the sector of ``public power supply`` which the emphasis on the commitment of the public. Part three describes the basics of data envelopment analysis which is then used in part 4 in order to analyse power suppliers. A distinction is made between private and public industry analysis. Part 5 contains some conclusions. (orig./UA) [Deutsch] Im Zentrum des Referentenentwurfs zur Energierechtsreform des Bundeswirtschaftsministeriums sowie in der allgemeinen Diskussion stehen der sogenannte ``third party access``, das ``unbundling`` sowie die Neuregelung der Vergabe von Gebietsmonopolen. Letztendlich geht es bei all diesen Vorschlaegen darum, die Versorgungsleistungen ganz oder teilweise (``unbundling``) aus dem Schutzwall der regulierten Gebietsmonopole herauszunehmen und damit dafuer zu sorgen, dass ueber verstaerkten Wettbewerb eine effizientere Leistungserstellung bewerkstelligt wird. Der vorliegende Beitrag moechte zu diesem Problembereich von empirischer Seite aus Stellung nehmen. Mit Hilfe ausgewaehlter Unternehmen des oeffentlichen Stromversorgungssektors in Deutschland soll untersucht werden, ob und welche Ineffizienzen bei der oeffentlichen Stromversorgung auftreten. Abschnitt 2 beschreibt kurz die Situation im Sektor ``Oeffentlichen Stromversorgung``, wobei ein Schwerpunkt dessen oeffentlicher Auftrag ist. Abschnitt

  15. 'Powering Nova Scotia's economy --- a public discussion paper on the province's energy strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This discussion paper sets out for debate several major goals and principles for the energy sector of Nova Scotia, outlines important issues and questions that need to be considered and answered in order for Nova Scotia to realize its potential of becoming a major petroleum producer and exporter. It also provides background information on topics relevant to the development of the energy industry in the province. Nova Scotia's energy sector was first reviewed in 1991. The arrival of oil and natural gas, the changes in the way electric utilities are regulated, the environmental targets established by the Kyoto Protocols, changes in the province's coal industry and changes in the global landscape for energy, all demand a fresh approach and a new strategy to pursue the challenges and opportunities that have opened up in the last decade. This new strategy will assess the likely development of the industry provincially, nationally and internationally. Since the changes are ongoing, they will have implications for decades to come. Therefore , to be equal to the challenge, the issues require a bold vision, balanced with practicality and flexibility. The principal strategic goal for the province's energy sector is to create a world-class energy sector that can achieve sustainable economic development while maintaining high social and environmental standards. Public consultation, fairness, transparency, accountability, responsible regulatory practices, consumer choice and competition, partnership with the private sector, the widest possible distribution within the province of industrial benefits and revenues generated by the province's energy resources, and serious consideration of potential environmental impacts in all energy policy-making decisions are the principles that will guide strategic and policy choices. Appended to the discussion paper are a series of energy sector profiles, a discussion of environmental, regulatory, fiscal and economic issues

  16. 浅谈实用韩语公选课教学%Discussion on the Teaching of Practical Korean Public Elective Courses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐珊; 崔海满

    2012-01-01

    随着近年来韩语专业的发展以及韩流在我国青少年中影响的不断增强,各大高校纷纷设置韩语公选课,以满足学生们对于学习韩国语言、了解韩国文化的需要。然而公选课不同于专业课,在教学目的和教学方法等方面都存在许多差异。本文以我校实用韩语公选课为例,浅谈一下对于韩语公选课教学的理解。%In recent years, with the development of Korean majors as well as the continuous influence of Ko- rean wave on China adolescents, many colleges and universities have set the Korean as public elective course in order to meet the needs of students to learn Korean language and understand Korean culture. However, due to the differences between public elective courses and professional courses, there are many differences in terms of teaching objectives and teaching methods. Based on practical Korean course as an example, this thesis discusses the teaching methods of Korean public elective course.

  17. Public Speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Thomas F.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the importance of public speech in society, noting the power of public speech to create a world and a public. The paper offers a theory of public speech, identifies types of public speech, and types of public speech fallacies. Two ways of speaking of the public and of public life are distinguished. (SM)

  18. Leveraging public health nurses for disaster risk communication in Fukushima City: a qualitative analysis of nurses' written records of parenting counseling and peer discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Local public health nurses (PHNs) have been recognized as the main health service providers in communities in Japan. The Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011 has, however, created a major challenge for them in responding to mothers’ concerns. This was in part due to difficulties in assessing, understanding and communicating health risks on low-dose radiation exposure. In order to guide the development of risk communication plans, this study sought to investigate mothers’ primary concerns and possible solutions perceived by a core healthcare profession like the PHNs. Methods A total of 150 records from parenting counseling sessions conducted between PHNs and mothers who have attended mandatory 18-month health checkups for their children at the Fukushima City Health and Welfare Center in 2010, 2011 (year of disaster) and 2012 were examined. Discussion notes of three peer discussions among PHNs organized in response to the nuclear disaster in 2012 and 2013 were also analyzed. All transcribed data were first subjected to text mining to list the words according to their frequencies and inter-relationships. The Steps Coding and Theorization method was then undertaken as a framework for qualitative analysis. Results PHNs noted mothers to have considerable needs for information on radiation risks as they impact on decisions related to relocations, concerns for child safety, and experiences with interpersonal conflicts within the family owing to differing risk perceptions. PHNs identified themselves as the information channels in the community, recommended the building of their risk communication capacities to support residents in making well-informed decisions, and advocated for self-measurement of radiation levels to increase residents’ sense of control. PHNs also suggested a more standardized form of information dissemination and an expansion of community-based counseling services. Conclusions Inadequate risk communication on radiation in the Fukushima

  19. 论因特网与公安网条件下公安院校教育信息资源共享%Discussion on Internet and Education Information Resources Sharing in Public Security Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋波

    2014-01-01

    Realizing the public security education information resources sharing is a formidable task .On how public security education uses the advanced Internet and public security network to realize public security education information resource sharing issues ,this paper has made preliminary discus-sions .%实现公安教育信息资源共享是一项艰巨的任务。文章就公安教育如何利用发达的互联网和公安网,实现公安教育信息资源共享问题,进行了初步探讨。

  20. Discussion on Theories on Balance of Public Rights and Private Rights%浅议公私权制衡理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱艳

    2011-01-01

    Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely.The sources and nature of public power have determined the exercise of public power.Public power is not without any obstruction,but should be limited. Taking into account of the implementation of the right personal qualities of those issues,the right to conduct supervision of the public is even more necessary.And it is necessary to avoid excessive public right intervention of in cases of violation of basic civil rights in private rights area and to prevent the exercise of public power because of improper methods and procedures of human rights violations,and also to prevent the due exercise of public power not as a result of the protection of private rights in the absence of public power.Using the lawto determine the role of public power,it is neither the absence nor offside.%权力导致腐败,绝对的权力绝对导致腐败。公权的来源和本质决定了公权的行使不是任意毫无阻碍的,而应受到限制。考虑到执权者的个人素质问题,对公权行为的监管就更为必要。既要避免公权过分干预私权侵犯公民基本人权,又要防止公权在行使中由于方法和程序的不当侵犯人权,同时也要防范由于公权行使的不作为造成的在保障私权方面的公权缺位。用法律确定公权角色,使其既不缺位也不越位。

  1. Individual and Collaborative Technology-Mediated Learning Using Question & Answer Online Discussion Forums--Perceptions of Public Health Learners in Dubai, UAE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awofeso, Niyi; Hassan, Moustafa; Hamidi, Samer

    2016-01-01

    This case study provides evidence-based suggestions for the use of Question and Answer discussion forums for improving quality and assessment of online learning. General online discussion forums are accessible at any time to all subscribers, making it possible for some learners to update, concur with or paraphrase discussions posted earlier by…

  2. 谈城市公共休闲空间的构建%Discussion on the construction of urban public recreation space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任波

    2016-01-01

    简述了构建城市公共休闲空间需要的基本条件,从以人为本、可持续发展、公共效益优先、多样化发展等方面,探讨了城市公共休闲空间的构建策略,从而满足人们对城市公共空间的功能需求。%The paper briefly describes basic conditions of buildinf urban public recreation space. Startinf from aspects of human orientation,sus-tainable development,public benefit priority and variety development,it explores the construction stratefies of urban public recreation space,so as to meet people’s functional demands for urban public space.

  3. Nepal; 2008 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Nepal

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2008-01-01

    Limited progress has been made in addressing Nepal’s structural weaknesses in tax administration and public financial management. Macroeconomic performance under the recent Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF)-supported program has been stable. The outlook for 2007–08 remains stable. Although the macroeconomic performance has been stable, progress on structural reforms has been held back by the fragile political circumstances. Public enterprises and the Nepal Oil Corporation, in p...

  4. General discussion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jagers op Akkerhuis, Gerard A.J.M.

    2016-01-01

    The general discussion focuses on some aspects that are of overarching relevance for all the preceding chapters. The fi rst subject that is discussed is the relationship between systems theory and the philosophy of science. After a short summary of the principles of system science and the

  5. The Preliminary Discussions of the Aesthetic Characteristics of Public Security Literature%公安文学审美特征刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张怡婷

    2015-01-01

    公安文学是与公安工作相关的一种文学形式,既具有文学的审美特征,又有其独特的艺术魅力,本文通过对公安文学的剖析和相关作品的评述,总结出“从下里巴人到阳春白雪”、“从平凡百姓到崇高英雄”、“从张扬个性到警醒人生”三个审美特征,目的在于肯定其文学价值和教化价值,从而呼吁更多人从事公安文学创作。%Public Security Literature is a literary form associated with public security work. It not only has literary aesthetic characteristics, but also the unique artistic charm. Through the analysis of public security literature and the reviews of relevant works, this paper summarizes three aesthetic characteristics, including “from the highbrow to the common”, “from the ordinary people to lofty heroes” and “from advocating individuality to alerting life”. This paper aims to affirm the literary values and enlightened values of public security literature, which in order to call on more people to join public security literature creation.

  6. The Discussion on Certified Public Accountant's Professional Ethics%注册会计师职业道德问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁亚莉

    2011-01-01

    Certified public accountant should observe the principle of independence,objectivity and justice, putting truthful auditting first,expounding the important of certified public accountant's professional ethics according to the status of current certified public accountant team, we have to standardize professional ethics and strengthen supervision of certified public accountant's professional ethics .Strengthen certified public accountants's professional ethics in order to make them to be the "woodpecker" of market economy's safeguard.%注册会计师应恪守独立、客观、公正的原则,从诚信审计角度出发,根据当前注册会计师队伍现状阐述注册会计师职业道德的重要性,必须加强注册会计师职业道德规范和职业道德的监督。加强注册会计师职业道德素质,使其真正成为维护市场经济的啄木鸟。

  7. 以重庆为例探讨城市公共空间的塑造%Taking Chongqing as an example discussed urban public space shaping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴森

    2015-01-01

    分析了城市公共空间的现状,指出了现阶段的中国城市公共空间的本土化问题,以重庆为例,审视其城市公共空间的特点与不足,在此基础上提出了公共空间纽带的设计意识,并从建筑设计和公共空间布局两个角度进行了阐述。%This paper firstly analyzes the status quo of urban public space,and points out that the localization of public space in China is still problematic. Based on the researching of the features and shortcomings of the urban public space in Chongqing,this paper presents a design con-sciousness link public space,and expounded from the perspective of architecture design and public space layout.

  8. 在阳光下探讨公立医院营利问题%Discussion on public hospital profit taking in an open environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阎惠中

    2015-01-01

    公立医院是非营利组织,不以营利为目的,但不能没有营利。公立医院适宜的营利率是一个研究课题,医院工作人员能否从营利中获取适当收入,也是一个研究课题。这些年,公立医院的经济运行是不透明的,应该打开这个黑箱。深入认识公立医院经济运行的机制、制度和规律,为合理的财政投入提供依据,建立合理的监管制度,使公立医院走上健康发展之路。%Public hospital belongs to non-for-profit organization whose aim is not for taking profit. But public hospital must have balance in financial outcomes. The suitable balance rate and whether the medical staff can share the balance in public hospital are the key questions. In current years, public hospital operation is not transparency enough. The black box needs to be opened to learn its management mechanism to give evidence on rational government input and establish rational regulation system, which will promote public hospital healthy operation.

  9. Discuss the Urban Public Space from the Angle of Humanization%从人性化的角度探讨城市公共空间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾姣

    2014-01-01

    城市公共空间总结来说,就是以人为主导因素的城市开放空间,是建筑物之间的公众可以意达到的、外部空间环境形式的总和。人性化的城市公共空间就是能够创造条件,让人在其中有愉悦的心理感受体验的空间。%Urban public space is the urban open space in sum-mary with the person as the dominant factors, which is the sum of the public achievement between the buildings and the exter-nal space environment forms. Humanized urban public space is able to create conditions to let people experience the space wi-th pleasant feelings.

  10. 现代办公建筑中的公共空间设计探讨%Discussion on the Design of Public Space in Modern Office Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆建

    2014-01-01

    现代化的办公建筑非常注重公共空间的设计,以求充分利用公共空间,达到现代化的设计目的,为办公人员提供优质的空间服务。本文通过对现代办公建筑的研究,分析了公共空间的设计问题。%The modern office building pays much atention to the design of public space, n order to make full use of public space, to achieve the purpose of modernization, providing qu-ality services for officers. In this paper, through the study of the modern office building, the author analyzed the design of public space.

  11. A Discussion of Feeling Power in Public Service Advertisements%浅谈公益广告中情感的力量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓红

    2012-01-01

    Through the analysis on the well - known public service advertusements of the recent years, this paper dis- cusses the necessity of the feeling presentation of public service advertisements, the carriers and skills of emotional expres- sion, and reveals the importance of public service advertisements.%"感人心者,莫先乎情",情感成为传播公益观念、沟通各种人群的最好的途径。本文通过近年来公益广告中的经典案例,分析了公益广告中情感表现的必要性,情感表现的载体及表现手法,揭示了公益广告中情感的重要作用。

  12. 公共品成本均衡化实证探讨%Demonstration Discussion on Equivalent of Public Goods Cost

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王向成

    2012-01-01

    The cost of public goods is not determined by market directly but by government procurement costs and contrast relationship, and tax is the main source of the cost of public goods. The high cost of public goods will occupy scarce social economic resources, leading to losing equilibrium relationship between public goods and common goods. Through the data statistics of 4 factors including national GDP, fiscal revenue, entity profits and labor wage income in 1996 -2009 years and total contrast between institutions unit and enterprise employee in 1991 -2008 years, this paper respectively makes empirical analysis on allocation relationship and structure elements of public goods cost. The results show that the fiscal revenue growth is far higher than GDP growth, wage income growth is most slow; and labor costs of public goods production are significantly greater than that of enterprise, leading to that public goods cost is more than the average product cost. For realizing the balance of supply between public goods and common product, public goods definition should not be too wide, public services need to reduce the number of head; economic growth should take precedence over the government public goods income and improve worker wage income.%公共品成本不由市场直接决定,而是通过政府采购成本和对比关系决定,税收是公共品成本的主要来源。公共品成本过高将挤占稀缺的社会经济资源,导致公共品与普通品总量失去均衡关系。通过1996-2009年国民生产总值、财政收入、实体利润和劳动力工资收入4个因素总量以及1991-2008年事业机关单位与企业用工总量对比的数据统计,分别对公共品成本分配关系与构成要素进行实证分析,研究发现财政收入增速远远高于GDP增速,工资收入增长最为缓慢;公共品生产的劳动力成本明显大于企业劳动力成本,导致公共品的成本高于普通品的成本。为实现公共品与普

  13. Discussion on the Layout Design of the Large-scale Public Buildings%试论大型公建平面布局设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宗略; 梁俊辉

    2014-01-01

    本文首先介绍了大型公共建筑的概念与现状、大型公共建筑平面布局的内容与原则,并利用图文结合的方式分析了总平流线设计及其平面布局,其次,以大型商业建筑为例,详细说明了大型公共建筑的功能、消防流线及其平面布局,最后在设计好平面布局的前提下对大型公共建筑的平面布局进行调整。%This paper firstly introduces the concept and pres- ent situation of large public buildings, the content and princip- le of the layout of large public buildings, and analyzes the flo- wn line design of the total flat and its layout by the way of combination of picture and text. Secondly, the author took a large commercial buildings as an example, giving a detailed description of the function of the large public buildings, the flown line of fire protection function and plane layout, and finally adjust the design of the layout under the premise of pl- ane layout of large public buildings.

  14. Discussion of Citizen Participation in Public Crisis Management%论公共危机管理中的公民参与

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王少泉; 曹冬英

    2012-01-01

    At the moment, the citizen participation in government public crisis management of our country is in low level, facing with many difficulties.Therefore, our government should expand the channel for citizens' orderly participation in public crisis management through a variety of ways, make the behavior of citizen orderly participation in public crisis management standard, and finally form the benign interactive cooperation mode among government and citizen, media and non-governmental organizations and so on, so as to minimize the damage caused by the public crisis.%目前,我国政府公共危机管理中的公民参与处于较低水平、面临许多困境,因此,应该通过多种途径扩大公民有序参与公共危机管理的渠道,规范公民有序参与公共危机管理的行为,最终形成政府与公民、媒体、非政府组织等等良性互动的合作模式,最大限度地降低公共危机事件造成的损害。

  15. A Brief Discussion on Misunderstandings of the Public to-wards Elevator Safety%浅谈公众对电梯安全的误区

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    The elevator, as a kind of special equipment, is closely related to the public life. The topic contacts the work life of the elevator public comments, summarizes four misunderstandings of the public towards the elevator, and for each kind of errors were analyzed, so that the public can understand the elevator, ensure the normal elevator safety operation.%  电梯作为特种设备的一大类,和广大公众的生活息息相关,本文从平时工作生活中公众对电梯的评论出发,总结了公众对待电梯时产生的四点误区,并对每种误区原因进行了分析,以使公众能正确理解电梯,确保电梯的正常安全运行。

  16. Discussion on Hospital Crisis public relations and Media Exchange Model%医院危机公关与媒体交流模式的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔轶

    2015-01-01

    近年来,随着医院危机事件发生频率不断增加,危机管理逐渐受到了医院高度重视,且在现代信息社会环境下,危机管理水平高低是医院综合竞争力的重要体现。而如何与公共媒体接触和交流是医院危机公关管理的重要内容,直接影响到医院危机应对效果和整体形象。对此,该文将探讨医院危机公关与媒体交流模式的构建,为医院开展危机公关和管理提供有益理论指导。%In recent years, with the frequency of hospital crisis growing hospital crisis management has been attached great importance in the modern information society and environment, the level of crisis management is an important manifestation of the comprehensive competitiveness of the hospital. And how contacts and exchanges with the public media is an impor-tant part of the hospital's public relations crisis management, direct impact on the hospital crisis response effectiveness and overall image. Therefore, this paper will explore the build hospital public relations and media crisis communication model to provide a useful theoretical guidance for hospitals to carry out public relations and crisis management.

  17. 事业单位内部控制制度建设的探讨%Discussion on Construction of the Internal Control System in Public Institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜典惠

    2014-01-01

    Implementation of the internal control system is an important management activity in public institutions and also the cornerstone for realizing their management modernization. In this paper the importance of formulating and implementing the internal control system was elaborated and problems including irregular control of economic activities in public institutions were analyzed. Some related measures and suggestions for construction of the internal control system in public institutions were put forward.%实施内部控制制度既是事业单位的一项重要管理活动,又是实现事业单位治理现代化的基石。本文阐述了制定和实施内部控制制度的重要性,剖析了事业单位经济活动控制不规范等问题,并就事业单位内部控制制度建设提出相关措施建议。

  18. Discussion About Price Incentive Mechanism for the Public rental housing Under BOT Mode%BOT模式下公租房产权激励机制探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘方强

    2012-01-01

    The reason why private capitals are unwilling to invest public rental housing project is low return on investment.In order to attract private capital into this project through BOT mode,investment incentives mechanism should be established.Because property incentive is one of the main investment incentive methods,this paper makes quantitative analysis on property incentive policy effects based on public rental housing profit function,so as to propose corresponding policy recommendations for public rental housing construction.%民间资本不愿意投资公租房项目的主要原因是项目投资回报率低。为了以BOT模式成功引入民间资本参与公租房投资建设,有必要建立相应的投资激励机制。产权激励是最主要的投资激励手段之一,因此本文在建立公租房项目收益函数的基础上,定量分析产权激励政策的激励效果,为促进我国公租房建设提供政策参考。

  19. Discussion about the Influence of the Internet Public Opinion on the Public Policy Making of the Government%论网络舆情对政府制定公共政策的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金新; 刘堂灯

    2012-01-01

    当前我国处于网络信息新时代,网络舆情是政府了解民意的重要渠道和方法,对于民意的征求也应适当地采取网络投票、提问等方式。网络传播方式已成为我国公众表达利益诉求、维护自身权益的重要公共平台。因此,网络舆情对政府制定决策有着重要的影响,同时伴随着很大的压力,并且网络舆情的积极作用与消极作用并存,所以网络舆情状态下政府如何制定好公共政策成为考验政府能力的一个挑战。%In China in the new era of network information, network public opinion is important channels and methods of understanding public opinion of the Government. to seek an appropriate network of public opinion polling, questions and so on. Network communication has become China's public interest demands. protecting their own interests and important public platform. Therefore, network public opinion on Government decision-making has an important influence, accompanied by a great deal of pressure, and the network coexistence of the positive and negative effects of public opinion, so network became the Government of the State of public opinion on how to develop good public policy tests challenge the ability of the Government.

  20. Opening, at the Senate, of the discussion on the public service of the electric power; Ouverture du debat devant le Senat sur le service public de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-01-01

    This paper presents a chronological account of the talks presented since october 1999 and concerning the public service of the electrical power. The author criticizes the different law articles law of the law project and the government policy in this domain. In particular he analyses:1) the public service missions; 2) the part of EDF as an integrated enterprise of production, transport and distribution of electric power; 3) the public policy of the energy; 4) the gradual and controlled opening of the market to the competition. (A.L.B.)

  1. 新医改背景下公立医院社会责任实现机制探讨%Discussion of Realization Mechanism of Public Hospital Social Responsibility Under Background of New Medical Health System Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周春红; 徐爱军

    2011-01-01

    公立医院是履行医院社会责任的主体,强调医院公益性的回归是公立医院改革的重点.文章在进一步明确公立医院公益性的基础上,结合公立医院改革的措施,从政府、医院和社会的角度,对公立医院社会责任的实现机制进行探讨,使医院能更好地履行社会责任,保证医院的公益性.%Public hospitals are the main body of hospitals to fulfill social responsibilities.The medical health system reform also emphasizes the return of nonprofit nature of public hospitals.On the basis of clarifying the definition of public benefit, this paper discusses the realization mechanism of public hospital social responsibility to make public hospitals better fulfill the social responsibility and ensure the public benefit, from the degree of government, hospitals and society, combining the measures of public hospital reform.

  2. 公共基础设施PPP融资模式问题探讨%The Discussion about PPP Financing Pattern of Public Infrastructure Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈柳钦

    2008-01-01

    PPP(Public-Private-Partnership)是一种新型的融资模式,本文着重分析了PPP融资模式的结构、特点、内涵和作用,PPP模式的目标及运作思路;国内外PPP融资案例;PPP模式的优势所在及其成功运作的必要条件;我国运用PPP模式融资应注意的事项;等等.

  3. A discussion on public hospital's financing risks and the control strategies%公立医院融资风险及其管理策略探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雒敏; 聂志萍

    2011-01-01

    The paper described the conception and forms of risks for public hospitals financing,proposing the risk avoidance strategy, loss control strategy, and risk transfer strategy against these risks. In addition, it is proposed to take proactive measures to build the financing risk management system for public hospitals, and construct an effective financing risk prewaming mechanism, raise the scientific standard of financial decision-making, and develop a clear-cut economic responsibility system for the hospital leaders during their term, for the purpose of effectively minimizing the risks.%描述了公立医院融资风险的概念及主要表现形式,提出融资风险的风险回避策略、损失控制策略、风险转嫁策略,并建议采取积极措施,构建公立医院融资风险管理系统、建立有效的融资风险预警机制、提高财务决策的科学化水平、建立明晰的领导任期内经济责任制,以有效防范风险的发生。

  4. 论公立医院筹资模式的构建%Discussion on Construction of Public Hospital Financing Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄瑶瑶; 蔡战英

    2014-01-01

    The fund shortage for public hospital has seriously restricted the development of hospitals in the current medical environment. How to disperse the financial pressure, raise sufficient funds and reduce the cost of capital has become the focus of the financial management of the hospital. In this paper, the problems in public hospital financing management were analyzed and potential financing mode was put forward. The hospital should make scientific decision on the financing and select the optimal financing scheme based on the actual situation.%在当前医疗环境下,公立医院资金短缺,严重制约医院的发展。如何分散资金压力,筹集充足资金,降低资金成本已成为医院财务管理的重点。本文分析公立医院筹资管理中存在的问题,介绍并探讨公立医院可行的筹资模式。医院应立足于单位实际情况,进行科学的筹资决策,选择最优的筹资方案。

  5. Discussion on fire safety management in public place of entertainment%论公共娱乐场所的消防安全管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈剑

    2014-01-01

    公共娱乐场所的出现,很好的满足了人们的娱乐需求。人们在享受娱乐场所带给人们快乐的同时,也要警惕各种消防事故。文章首先阐述了公共娱乐场所存在的安全隐患,然后,针对这些安全隐患提出了相应的应对策略,将安全隐患消灭在萌芽之中。%People desires better spiritual life to meet their entertainment needs.When they enjoy the happiness of the entertainment,fire accidents of public place of entertainment must be on guard against.The paper describes the safety hidden trouble in public place of en-tertainment and puts forward the corresponding countermeasures based on the safety hidden trouble.So the safety hidden trouble can be nipped in the bud.

  6. Panel discussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    No Author Given

    1975-01-01

    Panel discussion: summation and future projections. Introductory remarks by panelists followed by questions and comments from the floor. Panelists: Dr. Joseph Barnea (former director of Resources and Transport for the United Nations; energy consultant to the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)); the Honorable Clyde F. Bel, Jr. (member of the Louisiana House of Representatives representing District 90 and New Orleans); Dr. David Lombard (acting chief of the Advanced Systems Branch of the Division of Geothermal Energy Research and Technology, Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA)); Fred C. Repper (vice-president of Central Power and Light Company in Corpus Christi, Texas); Dr. Hans Suter (environmental consultant in Corpus Christi, Texas; environmental columnist for the Corpus Christi Caller Times). Session chairman: Herbert Woodson.

  7. 浅谈图书馆知识公地的保护%A Brief Discussion on the Protection of the Library as the Public Intellectual Land

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贠建农; 贠德政

    2014-01-01

    Currently, the socialist legal system in China continues to be perfected, and citizens' awareness of intellectual property rights is enhanced. On one hand, intellectual works are protected, and on the other hand, the areas of public intellectual works are shrinking. As the source of works, the library is also suffering from impact and test.%目前,我国社会主义法制不断完善,公民知识产权意识的增强,知识作品一个方面受到保护,另一方面公有知识作品领域面临萎缩,图书馆也正经受着冲击和考验。

  8. PA Discussion Topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    lower priority discussion ADD-TARDEC Network Centric Military Energy Control (NCMEC) Future discussion ADD-TARDEC M&S for Hybrid Electric Vehicles ...Approved for public release • OBJECTIVES: Reduce Thermal Burden on Vehicles Reduce Converter Operating Power • APPROACH: Develop compact...APU) that delivers 5 kWe (Threshold), 10 kWe (Objective) of vehicle electrical power demonstrated at TRL 5. • System designed to fit into an

  9. 从公共关系学视角看高校学生管理%Discussion on College Student Management from the View of Public Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨笑

    2016-01-01

    influenced by family environment ,living environment ,education environment and net‐work environment ,contemporary college students hold insightful views of life ,value and world ,which makes the management of college students becomes more challenging with obvious communication barri‐ers .As to management work of college students ,establishing better communication with students is not only the key measure for school to meet education requirement ,reach education goals and realize educa‐tion ideal but also an important task for schools to set up school image and maintain schools ’ public rela‐tions .Related theory and skill in public relation can effectively shorten the psychological distance be‐tween teachers and students ,relax uncomfortable communication atmosphere ,and establish mutual trust relations ,which has unneglectable function for clearing and preventing communication barriers .%受家庭环境、生活环境、教育环境以及网络环境的影响,当代大学生群体对人生观、价值观、世界观有着自己独到的理解。使今天的高校学生管理更加富有挑战,沟通障碍更为凸显。对于高校学生管理工作来说,与学生建立良好的沟通不仅是学校满足教育要求、达成教育目标、实现教育理想的关键手段,更是树立学校形象,维护学校公共关系的重要任务。公共关系学中相关理论与技巧可以有效的缩短师生间心理距离、缓解不适沟通氛围、建立相互信任关系,对高校学生管理沟通障碍的化解与预防有着不可小觑的作用。

  10. Discussion on the Construction of Telemedicine Model of Public Hospital%公立医院建设远程医疗模式探讨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐金建; 孙震

    2011-01-01

    Peking University Third Hospital has achieved the Building telemedicine systems with the Yanqing County Hospital, Yan'an Zichang County Hospital: This paper describes implementation of remote medical consultation system and application results, Proposed the construction of remote medical system emerged in the process problem: combined with reform of public hospitals involved in the construction of remote medical system views and opinions are given.%目前北京大学第三医院已经实现了与延庆县医院、陕西省延安子长县医院的远程医疗系统建设.阐述了远程医疗系统实现及应用效果,提出了建设远程医疗系统过程中出现的问题;同时结合公立医院改革所涉及的远程医疗系统建设给出了意见及看法.

  11. Violência e Saúde Coletiva: contribuições teóricas das ciências sociais à discussão sobre o desvio Violence and Public Health: theoretical contributions from the social sciences to the discussion about deviation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Ferreira de Oliveira

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Saúde Coletiva e Ciências Sociais e Humanas são campos reconhecidamente inseparáveis, o que se afirma por uma tradição de grupos e linhas de pesquisa em programas de pós-graduação em Saúde Coletiva. Várias dificuldades têm sido apontadas, entretanto, em inserir discussões sobre temas tradicionalmente estudados nas ciências sociais, como a violência, no campo da saúde, ao mesmo tempo em que tal discussão tem sido vista como crucial para o entendimento de determinações de condições de saúde e qualidade de vida das populações. O foco de discussão sobre esse fenômeno carece de aportes teóricos de outras disciplinas, como a Sociologia, cujas teorias sobre o crime e sobre o desvio da norma constituem importante marco no estudo das violências. Neste artigo, o autor examina as teorias clássicas da sociologia nesse âmbito, buscando contribuir para a ampliação da discussão no campo da Saúde Coletiva, particularmente no que concerne a uma base de pensamento sobre a promoção, a prevenção e a reabilitação de agravos, considerando-a, assim, numa perspectiva interdisciplinar e de abrangência intersetorial.Public Health and the Human and Social Sciences are inseparable fields of knowledge, as attested by a tradition of research groups and research lines located in Public Health post-graduate programs. Several difficulties have been pointed when discussions about various themes traditionally identified with the social sciences, as is the case of violence, are inserted in the health field. At the same time, such discussions are considered essential to the understanding of the determination of populations' health conditions and quality of life. The discussion focus regarding this phenomenon lacks theoretical contributions from other disciplines, such as Sociology, whose theories on crime and deviance constitute an important benchmark in the study of the various forms of violence. In this article, the author examines the

  12. 以公众需求为动力的公共图书馆政府信息服务探析%The public Demand-drive' s Public libraries Government Information Services Discussion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈凯; 唐毅

    2011-01-01

    Public libraries which supported by government as community information services center. Facing huge number of government information resources. For the public's information needs as a guide, building government information resources, integration of entities and government information in the process of implementing e-government electronic information and built through public libraries and other information dissemination, information needs, information sharing platform for information sharing institutions, improve the government information services. The public library should fully tap the government information resources to meet the real needs of public information and to promote effective implementation of government information.%公共图书馆作为政府管理支持下的社会信息服务部门,面对庞大的政府信息资源,以公众的信息需求为动力,建设政府信息资源,整合实体政府信息以及实施电子政务过程中的电子信息,并通过公共图书馆搭建与其他信息发布、信息需求、信息共享机构的信息共享平台,完善政府信息服务。公共图书馆还应充分挖掘政府信息资源,真正满足公众信息需求,促进政府信息公开有效实现。

  13. Discussion on Bribery to Foreign Public Officials,Public International Organization Officials%论“对外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员行贿罪”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐志豪

    2011-01-01

    Bribery to foreign office staff,the international public officials is a international crime established in "United Nations Convention against Corruption".To combat the dangers of such a wide range of commercial corruption crime,China'9s "Criminal Law Amendment(8)" added the provision of a foreign public official,bribery of public international organization officials.Compare with abroad experience and the convention,this crime has many shortcomings in legislation and should be further perfection.%贿赂外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员罪是《联合国反腐败公约》所确立的国际犯罪,为打击这种具有广泛危害性的商业腐败犯罪,我国《刑法修正案(八)》增设对外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员行贿罪,从国外相关的立法经验和《公约》相关规定来看,本罪在立法上还有很多不足和应当完善之处。

  14. REMARKS TO THE CURRENT DISCUSSION ABOUT BIOENERGY –BIOENERGY FOR THE PUBLIC AND/ OR FOR THE AGRICULTURAL OR RURAL AREAS ONLY ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Ruckenbauer

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available An energy system that is based on the use of renewable energy resources must be service –oriented and should be able to cover the varying energy demands. Moreover it must be flexible and cost effective by using on optimal mix of predominantly renewable energy sources. Agriculture will play an important role in the future if an optimal mix between food/feed production and energy plant production could be found. The present examples in the world to gain agricultural land for energy plants on the expenses of forests is going into the wrong direction. The cost intensive investments at present performed in Europe for biofuel and bioenergy production will certainly influence prices for crops and biomass supply. In this paper, strategies are questioned and discussed if the goals of the EU-commission to replace substantial parts of the fossile energy demands by bioenergy supply is feasible and can be realistic. As an example for a national agricultural situation, Austria, as am member of the PBBA, has elaborated a study about the timely development how much of the arable land can be utilized in the period between 2005 and 2020 for various bioenergy sources .The results demonstrate that, at the maximum , agriculture can only supply about 22 % of the total arable land for additional bioenergy as biofuel and biogas without interfering the national self food/feed supply and the protection of the sensible environment and emission situation. Finally, recent University research studies are presented about new processes to achieve a better and more efficient use of cereal and maize straw for biogas production already performed in the present 358 local biogas plants in Austria.

  15. 严寒地区公共环境下的节能设计探讨%Discussion on the Energy Conservation Design of Public Environment in Cold Regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁建平

    2013-01-01

      本文通过对严寒地区公共环境下的围护结构设计、建筑体形、建筑材料的选择、外窗设计、太阳能能源利用等几方面的讲解和研究,对严寒地区公共环境下的节能设计问题进行了探讨。%Based on the research and explain of some aspects like design of retaining structure, the public environment in cold area of the building, building materials selection, wind-ow design, and solar energy utilization, this paper discusses the energy-saving design of public environment in cold regions.

  16. Discussion on several problems of improving road traffic safety publicity and education in China%关于改善我国道路交通安全宣传教育问题的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎刚

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzes the problems of traffic safety publicity and education, and discusses the main purpose and mission of traffic safety education, introduces some of the practices of foreign traffic safety publicity and education, and put forward some ideas and suggestions to promote its educational work, for reference to the people engaged in this work.%本文分析了交通安全宣传教育的一些问题,探讨了交通安全宣传教育的主要目的和任务,介绍了国外交通安全宣传教育的一些做法,提出了宣传教育工作的一些理念和建议,供从事该领域研究的学者们参考。

  17. 在线讨论变革高校公选课学习模式的实证研究%Empirical Study on Learning Mode Reform of College Public Elective Course Based on Online Discussion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁兴连; 操良平; 罗江华

    2016-01-01

    在线讨论已成为契合公选课教学改革需求的选择之一。定量与定性数据分析表明:学习者在线讨论的时间与终端均呈分布式特征,部分学习者表现出较强适应性,学习者批判性思维得到一定锻炼。在线讨论契合学习者随时、随地与任何设备的网络生存方式,彰显增效、提质与创新升级的教育价值,能够消解公选课时空冲突和提升教学质量。提出加强公选课质量内涵建设、创造网络学习的便利条件、改革公选课选课管理制度的建设措施。%Based on the value of online discussion, this study built online discussion environment and learning mode to carry out public elective course. Quantitative and qualitative data analysis showed that learning time and de-vices of the learners indicated distributed features,some learners had strong adaptability,and learners got some exer-cises of critical thinking. Online discussion learning mode fits on the way of network survival of anytime,anywhere and any device of learners,demonstrates the educational value of efficiency,quality and promoting innovation in improving traditional learning mode,removes the time and space conflicts and enhances the teaching quality of college public elective courses. Propose constructive measures,including strengthening the connotation of course quality,providing convenient conditions for online learning, and reforming management system of public elective courses.

  18. 谈析某大型后推式铰接公交车的网络化应用%Discuss about the network application of some large size pushback articulated public bus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李贵平; 张秀芝

    2011-01-01

    Detailed discuss the logical relation of network framework,control strategy of power and starting circuits,function of articulated hinge and control command for Shudu Brand CDK6182CHR large size pushback articulated public bus.%详细地论述了蜀都牌CDK6182CHR大型后推式铰接公交车网络构架、电源和起动电路的控制策略、铰接盘的功能以及控制指令的逻辑关系。

  19. Discussion about Accounting Treatment Methods toward Enterprises Which Operate Public Welfare Forest by TOT Mode%TOT模式下企业经营公益林的会计处理探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范少君; 李谦; 支玲; 高云霞

    2012-01-01

    Public welfare forests play an extremely important role in ecological construction in China. In the current context of limited government financial resources, TOT model can be considered as a means of financing in public welfare operation. This paper firstly explains the definition and features of TOT mode. And then it discusses the methods of accounting treatment toward enterprises which operate public welfare forest by TOT mode,and points out that BOT mode can imitate TOT mode to get the methods of accounting treatment. Finally, the paper elaborates the correlative methods of accounting treatment of transferring,operating and retransferring.%分析了TOT模式定义和特点,时企业在TOT模式下经营公益林的会计处理进行了探讨,提出了对于TOT模式可以比照BOT模式进行会计处理,论述了该模式下公益林经营特许权在转让、经营、再转让环节的相关会计处理。

  20. The discussion about the application of trust financing in public hospitals under the new background%新形势下信托融资在公立医院中的应用探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雒敏; 黄亚新; 孔练花

    2013-01-01

    Trust financing is a new financial instrument on the market at present.Combined with the new health reform and macroeconomic background,the paper firstly summarized the basic theory of public hospitals'trust financing,discussed the feasibility of public hospitals'trust financing,then put forward some policy suggestions for how to perfect trust financing for public hospitals from improving external environment,increasing government support,optimizing of hospital risk mitigation mechanism and income security mechanism,regulating hospital project information disclosure,training professional talents on the basis of analysis of three models of public hospitals' trust financing.%信托融资是目前市场上新型的金融工具,本研究首先对公立医院利用信托融资的基本理论进行概述,然后对公立医院利用信托融资的可行性进行讨论,最后在对现有公立医院利用信托融资的3种模式进行分析的基础上,从改善外部信托环境、加大政府扶持力度、优化医院风险化解机制和收益保障机制、规范医院项目信息披露、培育专业人才5个方面提出完善公立医院利用信托融资的对策建议.

  1. I'm Right and You're and Idiot — Jim Hoggan discusses the toxic state of public discourse and how to clean it up, by changing the communication climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoggan, J. C.

    2016-12-01

    Just as the natural environment can be polluted, so too can public discourse. I'm Right and You're an Idiot: The Toxic State of Public Discourse and How to Clean it Up examines the sorry state of today's public square, showing how polluted, polarized conversations discourage people from taking action on critical issues such as climate change, and demonstrating how we can clear the air and become more powerful and effective communicators. The most urgent environmental threat today is not climate change, species extinction or the declining health of oceans. Author Jim Hoggan says the more pressing problem is resistance to change that results from pollution in the public square. A smog of adversarial rhetoric, propaganda and polarization that comes from all sides, is stifling discussion and our ability to solve problems collectively. Hoggan has investigated this troubling state of public dialogue and in his new book he asks leading intellectuals why, despite overwhelming scientific evidence, so little is being done to address today's critical environmental challenges. As chair of the David Suzuki Foundation and founder of one of Canada's most successful PR firms, he is uniquely positioned to probe this question. During Hoggan's 30 years in crisis management he has dealt with food poisonings, labour disputes, multi-million dollar bank fraud, sawmill explosions, even bodies disappearing from funeral homes. He also authored the bestseller Climate Cover-Up, which took a critical look at science propaganda and the widespread echo chamber of media and think tanks that magnifies it. How do we improve public discourse and curb over-the-top advocacy, corrupt conversations and propaganda. How do we counteract polarization and gridlock? Hoggan sought answers from more than 60 outstanding scholars, ranging from a NASA scientist to deep-sea oceanographer. He tapped the brains of cognitive researchers, political pundits, philosophers, moral psychologists, corporate analysts and

  2. Discuss on the Value of History Public Gardens--Take Shicha Lake,the largest public water garden of Beijing inner city as an example%历史公共园林的价值探讨--以北京内城最大的水系公共园林什刹海地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丹丹

    2015-01-01

    Public gardens occupy an important position in Chinese classical garden system. With the speeding up of urbanization process,large public gardens are moreclosely linked with urban public space and social life. The Shicha Lake area is a typical urban public space in the Beijing central axis, which is the residents’ most favorite public sightseeing district. At the same time, it is the largest public water garden of Beijing inner city. Take Shicha Lake as an example,this paper wil discuss the value of history public gardens in many aspects, such as ecological, aesthetic, cultural and social, which is going tobe instructive to the construction of urban public space, the ecological civilization, and a harmonious societyin the future.%公共园林在中国古典园林体系中占有重要的地位。随着城市化进程的加快,大型公共园林与城市公共空间和社会生活的联系也越来越紧密。什刹海地区是北京城中轴线上典型的城市公共空间,是首都居民最为喜爱的公共游览区。同时,这里也是北京内城最大的一处水系公共园林,以什刹海为例,从生态、审美、文化和社会等方面来思考历史公共园林的价值,将对今后城市公共空间建设、生态文明建设以及和谐社会的构建具有启发意义。

  3. 构建公立医院精益财务管理体系的探讨%The Discussion on Constructing Lean Financial Management System in Public Hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志贤; 杨琴

    2014-01-01

    The lean financial management, which emphasizes lean, scientific and systematic ways, uses modern financial information system platform to conduct a comprehensive budget management through centralized fund management. It discusses and analyzes on the effective method and measurement of constructing lean financial management system in public hospitals.%精益财务管理强调精细化、科学化和系统化,通过资金集中管理的方式,运用现代财务信息系统平台进行全面预算管理。文章对公立医院构建精益财务管理体系的有效途径和完善公立医院精益财务管理体系的对策做出了分析和探讨。

  4. Discussion on the Establishment of Independent Public Hospital Procure-ment Management Measures%关于公立医院建立自主采购管理办法的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙灼华

    2015-01-01

    随着市场经济的发展和医疗体制改革的深入,医院面临前所未有的风险,规范医院自主采购行为,建立一套适合医院发展的自主采购管理办法势在必行。笔者从实施意义、实施范围、参与人员、实施措施4个方面进行了探讨。%With the development of the market economy and the deepening of medical system reform, the hospital is facing un-precedented risks. It is imperative to standardize hospital's independent procurement and establish regulation to manage public hospital's independent procurement. The author discussed four aspects in this paper, the significance of the implementation, scope, participants, and implementing measures.

  5. A Brief Discussion on Resource Management Mechanism of the Public Cultural Environment Construction%论公共文化环境建设的资源管理机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴宗友; 计永超

    2011-01-01

    Taking the project of the construction of the public cultural service system which receives financial support from Anhui Province as the example,this paper summarizes the practice and institutional experience of resources investment of the public cultural construction in our country,and indicates the existing problems in resources investment as well as administration of the public cultural construction,by reviewing and analyzing close-related literatures and combining the quantitative as well as qualitative methods and relying on plentiful questionnaire survey as well as field investigation. Problems include: lower effective financial investment, non-scientific institution of resource assurance,inadequate software input in public cultural service,constructive ambivalence at the resource management system of the pubic cultural service, and so on. Given those, this paper discusses how to construct a benign resource management system of the public culture, which includes, from the aspect of macro policy and system design on the one hand, creating a policy-support mode for the resource management of the public cultural construction, perfecting a human resources environment for public cultural construction, setting up an integration system for resources of public cultural environment construction, and implementing systems of the operation assessment and performance appraisal for public cultural service;on the other hand,from the aspect of micro strategy and countermeasure, scientifically determinating the focal points of resource assurance of public cultural construction at the current stage and clarifying the financial investment limitation of each level as well as output responsibility for their fundamental assurance, altering the investment way of public cultural finance, promoting the resource investment structure for public cultural environment construction,perfecting the way of funds management of the public cultural construction,and so forth.%通过对相关文

  6. Discussion on several issues related to fire protection design for large public buildings%大型公共建筑消防设计若干难点问题探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游宇航; 孙晓乾; 刘壮志

    2012-01-01

    针对目前大型公共建筑消防设计中存在的一些难点问题,根据规范的相关条文,结合工作实践对若干消防设计难点问题提出自己的观点:提出了中庭与环廊排烟的优化设计思路;探讨了不同功能建筑共用疏散楼梯的可行性;论证了相邻防火分区之间借用安全出口问题的前提条件;探讨了“准安全区”的概念和应用场所限制.%Focusing on some difficult fire protection issues for large public buildings, some new opinions were proposed according to the author's work experience and his understanding and analysis of China GB codes. An optimized smoke exhaust strategy was proposed for atrium and its surrounding corridors. The feasibility of common stair issue for different functions was discussed, and the usage of safety door to adjacent fire compartment and its precondition was illustrated in this article. The definition of quasi-safety zone was also cleared as well as its applied scope.

  7. Discussion on the Feasibility of Public Service of Agricultural Science and Technology Information Services%我国农业科教信息服务公益化可行性探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白玉宝

    2011-01-01

    According to the development of agricultural science and education,information services and promotion,combined with the agricultural technology development plan of the State Science and Technology,Ministry of Agriculture,the strategy of providing agricultural science and technology information for the agriculture production engager in the new era was discussed.According to China's actual conditions,It was pointed out the urgency of improving the agricultural population quality,as well as the feasibility and necessity of providing the public agricultural information service.%针对目前我国农业科教信息服务发展和推广的现状,结合国家科委、农业部有关农业科技发展规划,探讨了新时期农业科教信息为一线农业提供服务的方式,根据我国的实际国情,提出了未来农业人口整体素质提高的迫切性,实现农业信息服务公益化的可行性和必要性。

  8. Uma Discussão sobre o Tratamento Contábil das Compensações Financeiras Decorrentes da Exploração de Petróleo e Gás Natural no Setor Público Brasileiro = A Discussion on the Accounting Treatment of Financial Compensation Resulting from oil and Natural Gas Exploration in the Public Sector Brazilian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geverson Dourado Brito

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo tem como objetivo apresentar uma discussão sobre o tratamento contábil das compensações financeiras decorrentes da exploração de petróleo e gás natural no âmbito do Setor Público brasileiro, de modo a refletir sua essência e impacto no patrimônio dos entes federados e não meramente a cumprir os aspectos legais e formais. Para tratar a questão de pesquisa, foi efetuado estudo de caso em um Município de pequeno porte localizado no Estado do Espírito Santo, a partir de dados extraídos dos balanços contábeis relativos aos exercícios de 2011, 2012 e 2013 disponibilizados pela Prefeitura. Os achados do estudo mostram que atualmente vem sendo mantido processo apto de registro para sustentar o disposto legal do regime da receita orçamentária. Os lançamentos contábeis são efetuados no momento do ingresso dos recursos, mas o mesmo não acontece do ponto de vista patrimonial, uma vez que não se verifica o registro contábil das compensações financeiras no momento da ocorrência do fato gerador. Uma proposta de tratamento contábil é então apresentada, recomendando que um ativo seja reconhecido sob a forma de direito a receber no mês de produção do petróleo ou gás natural.This study aims to present a discussion of the accounting treatment of financial compensation resulting from the oil and gas exploration within the Brazilian public sector, to reflect its essence and impact on the heritage of federal entities and not merely fulfill aspects legal and formal. To address the issue of research, case study was made on a small municipality located in the state of Espirito Santo, from data extracted in the accounting balance sheets for the years 2011, 2012 and 2013 provided by the city. The study findings show that is currently being kept fit registration process to support the provisions cool budget revenues regime, the accounting entries being made at the inflow of funds, but the same is not true of the

  9. 浅议提高乡村公共决策效果的途经%Brief Discussion about Approaches to Improve Effect of Rural Public Decision-making

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘燕萍

    2013-01-01

    通过阐述公共决策的特殊性,分析了乡村公共决策存在的问题,并提出了提高乡村公共决策效果的有效途径.%The existent problems in rural public decision - making were analyzed through describing its specificity. The effective approaches to improve the effect of rural public decision - making were proposed too.

  10. Discussion on Compensation Mechanism of Public Hospital after Cancelling Drug Price Addition%取消药品加成后公立医院的补偿机制探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周绿林; 邹玲红

    2012-01-01

    目的:为完善公立医院的补偿机制提供参考.方法:阐述对公立医院进行补偿的必要性,分析取消药品加成后公立医院的补偿机制中存在的问题,提出进一步完善公立医院的补偿机制的相关建议.结果与结论:对公立医院进行补偿是医疗卫生事业的公益性与福利性、医疗卫生服务价格的低廉性和药品利润的补偿性的必然要求.取消药品加成后公立医院的补偿机制在补偿主体、补偿方式、补偿金额3方面均存在问题.完善公立医院的补偿机制,必须做到补偿主体多元化、补偿方式合理化、补偿金额科学化.%OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for the improvement of compensation mechanism of public hospital. METHODS : The necessity of compensation for public hospital was interpreted, and the problems of compensation mechanism of public hospital after cancelling drug price addition were analyzed to put forwards some suggestions on the further improvement of compensation mechanism of public hospital. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: The compensation for public hospital is the need of public interest and welfare of medical and public health services, low price of medical and public health services and compensation of drug profit. After cancelling drug price addition, there are problems of compensation mechanism of public hospital, such as compensation subject, compensation ways and compensation amount. In order to improve compensation mechanism of public hospital, it is necessary for diversification of compensation subject, reasonability of compensation ways and scientific compensation amount.

  11. Discussion on financing methods for establishing ecological public welfare forest in Jilin Province%关于吉林省地方公益林建设融资方式的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玉林; 唐允森; 王军繁

    2009-01-01

    生态公益林建设的资金来源一直依赖于政府的财政投入,如何吸引非国有资本投入到生态公益林项目的建设中,成为需要探讨的新课题.本文结合生态公益林建设的具体特点,提出把BOT、PPP、TOT、PFI等目前国际新兴的基础设施项目融资方式,应用到地方生态公益林建设项目中,以缓解财政资金投入压力,加快吉林省生态环境建设的步伐.%The capital sources for establishing ecological public welfare forest have relied on government investment for a long time. How to attract the non-government capital for construction of the ecological public welfare forest project becomes an interesting topic. Considering the specific characteristics of ecological public welfare forest construction, we proposed that international emerging financing methods of infrastructure project such as build operate transfer (BOT), public private partnership (PPP), transfer operate transfer (TOT), private finance initiative (PFI) can be adopted in the local ecological public welfare forest construction, so as to alleviates the pressure of government investment and speeds up the step of ecological environment construction in Jilin Province.

  12. 由“造物”走向“还原”--村庄公共空间规划方法探究%From on Purpose Creation to Restoration--Discussion on Methods for Village Public Space Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    By analyzing village public space planning’s common problems and the essential distinction between village public space and urban one, the planning and design idea for village public space from“on purpose creation” to “restoration” was proposed, a restoration method for vil age public space planning was presented in order to continue the traditional vernacular humanity charm in the village public space.%  本文从村庄公共空间规划存在的普遍问题入手,在分析村庄公共空间与城市公共空间本质区别的基础上,提出由“造物”走向“还原”的村庄公共空间规划设计思路,并探究了还原式的村庄公共空间规划方法,旨在使传统乡土人文魅力在公共空间中得以延续。

  13. A Discussion of Cases of Public Participation in Envi ronmental Impact Assessment%环境影响评价中公众参与的实例探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵扬辉

    2014-01-01

    以北京和广州垃圾焚烧发电厂项目、厦门和昆明等地的PX项目、江西的核电项目和北京西二旗餐厨垃圾相对集中资源化处理站项目等建设项目为实例,通过分析公众、政府和建设单位的行为策略表现,解读建设项目公众参与过程中三方关系,客观分析了现阶段我国公众参与制度及公众自身存在的问题,并提出了相应的建议与对策。充分体现出公众参与制度在建设项目实施过程中起到的重要作用,为公众参与制度的完善提供参考依据。%This study is based on several cases of construction projects ,including waste incineration power plant project in Beijing and Guangzhou ,the PX project in Xiamen and Kunming ,nuclear power project in Jiangxi and Xi'erqi relative centralized processing of food waste station projects in Beijing ,etc .Through the analysis of the behavioral strategically performance of public ,government and construction units ,and the interpretation of public participation in the tripartite relationship in the construction project process ,the article makes a objective analysis of the present stage of public participation system and the public's own problems ,and it proposes corresponding recommendations and countermeasures . This study fully reflects the important role of public participation system in the project implementation process ,and provides references for perfecting the public participation system .

  14. SAĞLIK KURUMLARINDA AĞIZDAN AĞIZA PAZARLAMA VE BİR PİLOT ÇALIŞMA - WORD OF MOUTH MARKETING IN HEALTH CARE ORGANIZATIONS AND A PILOT STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beyza UZUNAL

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet:Sağlık hizmetleri kişilerin sağlığının korunması, teşhis,tedavi ve bakım için kişisel ve kurumsal olarak kamu veya özelşahısların vermiş olduğu hizmetler olarak tanımlanabilir.Sağlık hizmeti sunan kuruluşlarda pazarlamanın amacı;işletme amaçlarına uygun olarak hedef pazarın tatmindüzeyini geliştirerek, tüketicilerin beklentilerini karşılayandaha nitelikli hizmetleri sunmaktır.Günümüzde sağlık hizmetleri, profesyonel işletmecilikanlayışıyla şekillenmektedir. Artık sağlık yöneticilerininhedefleri arasında, daha çok hastayı çekerek gelen hastalarımemnun etmek ve hastanın tekrar aynı hastaneyi tercihetmesini sağlamak yer almaktadır.Ağızdan ağıza pazarlama ise güvene dayanan, tüketicilerinçevrelerindeki sosyal bağlantılarıyla ve diğer tüketicilerleürünler / hizmetler / markalar hakkındaki bilgi alışverişidir.Günümüzde tüketicilerin kendi aralarında bilgi vedeneyimlerini paylaşımı, geleneksel reklam ve pazarlamafaaliyetleriyle birlikte giderek artan bir öneme sahip olmayabaşlamıştır.Bu çalışmada genel anlamda ağızdan ağıza pazarlamanıntemel kavramları hakkında bilgi verilerek, sağlık sektöründeağızdan ağza pazarlamanın etkinliği anlaşılmaya çalışılmıştır.Abstract:Health care can be described as service personallyand institutionally by public or private operations in order todiagnosis, treatment and care the health of individuals. Aim ofmarketing in institutions offering health care to improve thelevel target market’s satisfaction and the institutions is toreach by presenting more qualified service to meet theexpectancy of consumersNowadays health care services are shaped by a professionalbusiness approach. Among the objectives of health caremanagers who take more satisfied patients by pulling them andthe patients prefer to allow a repetition of the same hospital islocated.Word of mouth marketing is basically sharing

  15. Discussion on the Countermeasures for the Persuasion and Management of Network Public Opinions from the Harm of Internet Rumors%从网谣的危害探讨网络舆情的疏导和管理对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨蔚琪

    2015-01-01

    This paper expounds the current status of the Internet rumors in China, analyzes the features and potential hazards of the network public opinions in China, and puts forward some strategies for the construction of the persuasion and management mechanism for network public opinions.%阐述了我国“网谣”的现状,分析了我国网络舆情的特点及其潜在危害,提出了网络舆情疏导及管理机制的构建策略。

  16. 公共图书馆数字资源合理利用探析%Discussion and Analysis on Rational Utilization of Public Library ’s Digital Resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞璐

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes the types of public library’s digital resources and the necessity of the promotion of digital resources, and puts forward the countermeasures for improving the utilization of public library’s digital resources.%阐述了公共图书馆数字资源的类型以及推广数字资源的必要性,提出了提高公共图书馆数字资源利用率的对策。

  17. 刍议公共自行车对城市居民健康的有限影响%Discussion on the Limited Influence of Public Bicycles on the Health Condi-tion of Urban Inhabitants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    To handle the problems of road congestion and air pollution ,public bicycles emerged in many cities in the 21st century .In many cities ,the official documents had affirmed the health function of the public bicycles .However ,there was no favorable traveling environment for the public bicycles and the administration department had not built the policy supporting system for this environmental trip mode .So ,the“health”concept of the public bicycles cannot be promoted and developed .Now the influence of public bicycles on the health condition of urban inhabitants was limited .Furthermore ,there were more dislocations between its text orientation and actual effect .Within the vicious circle of road congestion and air pollution ,the influence of public bicy-cles on the health condition of urban inhabitants will be limited and the sustainable development of public bicycles project will be affected .%  公共自行车成为21世纪许多城市应对道路拥堵、大气污染的产物。在其诸多功能中,关于公共自行车的健康功能,这些城市出台的文件中都有明确的定位。然而事实上,由于公共自行车出行环境较差,主管部门对公共自行车没有制度和政策的倾斜以及对公共自行车承载的“健康”理念的认同得不到提升,目前公共自行车对居民产生的健康影响十分有限,出现了文本定位与实际效应的错位。在道路拥堵、空气污染恶性循环之下,不仅城市公共自行车对居民的健康影响持续受限,公共自行车项目持续发展也终将受到很大影响。

  18. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2017-01-01

    Do you have questions about the elections to the Staff Council, 2017 MERIT exercise, EVE and School, LD to IC exercise, CHIS, the Pension Fund… Come get informed and ask your questions at our public meetings. These public meetings are also an opportunity to get the more information on current issues. Benefit from this occasion to get the latest news and to discuss with the representatives of the statutory body that is the Staff Association!

  19. SWOT analysis and PPP model discussion on the entry of social capital into public hospital%民间资本进入公立医院的SWOT分析及PPP模式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昕梅; 尹良鑫

    2016-01-01

    随着新一轮医药卫生体制改革的深入实施,国家鼓励和引导社会资本进入医疗行业,形成多元化的办医格局。公私合作(Public-Private-Partnerships,PPP)模式是社会资本参与医改的重要路径之一,具有独特的优势。为了识别社会资本参与公立医院PPP的发展前景,采用SWOT模型进行分析论证,分析现有的宏观环境,识别社会资本进入公立医院面临的机会与威胁,并通过与企业的比较,了解社会资本参与公立医院的自身优势与劣势,提出相应的解决措施,以期为社会资本更好地进入公立医院提供模式借鉴。%Along with the deepening of the new round of medical and health system reform, the country encourages and guides the entry of social capital into medical industry to form a diversiifed hospital operation pattern. The model of public-private partnership (PPP) is an important path for social capital to participate in medical reform and therefore possesses unique advantages. To identify the prospect of PPP between social capital and public hospital, SWOT model is adopted for analytic demonstration. The paper analyzes the current macro environment and identiifes the opportunities and threats of social capital which enters public hospital. Besides, through the comparison with enterprises, the advantages and disadvantages of social capital's participation in public hospital are revealed and corresponding solutions provided, with a view to provide a reference model for the better entry of social capital into public hospital.

  20. 从传统“记忆空间”看新农村公共空间的设计%Discussion the Design of New Rural Public Space from the Aspects of Traditional“Memory Space”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏亚萍

    2014-01-01

    本文阐述了公共“记忆空间”的含义及其存在的意义,调查农村村民对传统公共“记忆空间”的记忆程度,并总结其特点,提出对新农村公共空间建设的几点建议。%This paper expounds the meanings of the public “memory” and its significance of existence, investigate rural villagers' concern for traditional public“memory space”, and summarizes its characteristics, puts forward some suggestions about the construction of new rural public space.

  1. Discussion on the Service Function of Urban Geographical Information Public Service Platform%城市地理信息公众服务平台服务功能的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巩志伟; 王屏; 巩翼龙

    2011-01-01

    Along with the smooth progressing on the pilot and promotion working of “Digital Urban Geographical Spatial Framework Construction”, the urgency of establishing geographic information service system for the social public is becoming more and more remarkable. Based on the actual experience, the article summarized the basic functions of public service system and introduced the practical applications.%随着"数字城市地理空间框架建设"试点与推广工作的顺利推进,建立面向社会公众的地理信息服务系统的迫切性越来越显著.本文结合实际,总结公众服务系统应具备的基本功能并对实际应用情况进行了介绍.

  2. 公共图书馆地方文献的征集与利用刍议%Discussion on the Collection and Utilization of Local Literature in Public Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨超

    2016-01-01

    The local literature, which is an important part of public library’s literature resources,is of important value in the local development research. Connecting with the management status of public library, this paper expounds some problems related to the collection of local literature including the concept, collection scope and collection method of local literature, and analyzes the utilization value of local literature.%地方文献是公共图书馆文献资料的重要组成部分,对地方发展研究具有重要价值。结合公共图书馆管理现状,阐述了地方文献征集的相关问题,包括地方文献的概念、征集范围及征集方法,分析了地方文献的利用价值。

  3. BOT模式开发公租房的税费优惠激励强度探讨%Discussion on the Incentive Intensity of Taxes and Fees Concession in Public Rental Housing Development under BOT Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘方强

    2011-01-01

    民间资本不愿意投资公租房项目的主要原因是项目投资回报率低。因此,为了在公租房中以BOT模式引入民间资本参与投资建设,就必须要建立相应的投资激励机制。考虑到税费优惠是最常用的投资激励手段之一,本文在建立公租房项目收益函数的基础上,以算例量化分析税费优惠的激励强度。%The private capital is not willing to invest in the construction of public rental housing primarily due to the low capital return ratio.Therefore,it is necessary to establish a kind of incentive mechanism,in order to induce private capital into the construction of public rental housing.In view of taxes and fees concession is the most com-monly used method in investment incitement,this paper establishes a profit function on public rental housing,makes quantitative analysis of the incentive intensity of taxes and fees concession by a case.

  4. Discuss on the Influencing Factors of the Implementing Comprehensive Budget Management in Public Hospitals%公立医院实施全面预算管理的影响因素探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林云肖; 方霞波

    2013-01-01

    Comprehensive budget management has important significances in controlling public hospital operating costs, refining strategic objectives and optimizing work performance appraisals. In the process of comprehensive budget management, implementation effects of some public hospitals are not ideal. The major reasons are unsound corporate governance structure, inadequate implementation and imperfect evaluation index. Through the analyzing these important influencing factors and proposing the corresponding measures, the comprehensive budget management was smoothly carried out in public hospitals, which finally improved the management level of hospital.%全面预算管理对控制公立医院经营成本、细化公立医院战略目标、完善公立医院考核标准具有非常重要的意义。在全面预算管理过程中,部分公立医院执行的效果并不理想,究其原因,主要是当前公立医院法人治理结构不健全、预算执行不到位、考核指标不完善。通过分析这些关键影响因素并提出相应的措施,促使全面预算管理能在公立医院顺利实施,最终提升医院的经营管理水平。

  5. 公司法人治理理论在公立医院改革中的应用探讨%Discussion on the Implementation Factors of Corporate Governance of China's Public Hospitals Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建军

    2012-01-01

    At present,an consensus which is to establish hospital management committee or council as the core of corporate governance of China's public hospitals has been reached based on the practice and theory research.However,the establishment of corporate governance structure must satisfy two institutional factors: one is to redefine the contributive person droit and the property right of the legal person and establish an institution for the contributive persons,the other is to divide the functions between government and public hospitals and implement government regulation separate from public hospital management.%公司法人治理理论在国有企业改革中的成功应用为公立医院改革提供了借鉴,建立以理事会为核心的法人治理结构已成为公立医院改革的共识。公立医院法人治理结构的建立必须具备两个制度性条件:一是出资人所有权和医院法人财产权分离,建立公立医院出资人制度;二是管办分离,实现政资分开、政事分开。

  6. Discussion in Postsecondary Classrooms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Curt Dudley-Marling

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Spoken language is, arguably, the primary means by which teachers teach and students learn. Much of the literature on language in classrooms has focused on discussion that is seen as both a method of instruction and a curricular outcome. While much of the research on discussion has focused on K-12 classrooms, there is also a body of research examining the efficacy of discussion in postsecondary settings. This article provides a review of this literature in order to consider the effect of discussion on student learning in college and university classrooms, the prevalence of discussion in postsecondary settings, and the quality of discussion in these settings. In general, the results of research on the efficacy of discussion in postsecondary settings are mixed. More seriously, researchers have not been explicit about the meaning of discussion and much of what is called discussion in this body of research is merely recitation with minimal levels of student participation. Although the research on discussion in college and university classrooms is inconclusive, some implications can be drawn from this review of the research including the need for future researchers to clearly define what they mean by “discussion.”

  7. 拉萨市公共建筑外围护节能改造设计依据探讨%Discussion on Lhasa City Public Building Envelope Energy Saving Retrofit Design Basis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊清; 秦萍; 袁艳平

    2015-01-01

    In the area of Lhasa local public building energy efficiency design standard has not yet promulgated circumstances, considering the building energy consumption is given priority to with heat consumption in the Lhasa area, through the theoretical analysis is proposed national standard, the basic idea of the relative heating energy saving rate, as both the energy-saving reform of the public building envelope design basis and standard of evaluation standards, and in Lhasa existent public buildings, for example, by building energy efficiency design software (BECS2010) simulation study different than public building shape coefficient and window wall per unit area in heating energy saving rate with the change of the insulation layer thickness, analyzed the existent public building envelope construction energy conservation transformation design based on the specific heating energy saving rate.%在拉萨地区地方性公共建筑节能设计标准尚未出台情况下,考虑到拉萨地区建筑能耗以耗热量为主的情况,通过理论分析提出采用国标的基本思想——相对采暖节能率,作为既有公共建筑外围护结构节能改造的设计依据及达标的评判标准,并以拉萨市既有公共建筑为例,通过建筑节能设计软件(BECS2010)模拟研究不同体形系数、窗墙比公共建筑单位面积年采暖节能率随保温层厚度变化情况,分析论证拉萨市既有公共建筑外围护结构节能改造设计依据的具体采暖节能率指标。

  8. 医改背景下优化县级公立医院经济运行的探讨%Discussion on optimization county level public hospital financial status under healthcare reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞强

    2015-01-01

    Further promotion of the county public hospital reform relies on the establishment of sustainable finance mechanism. This paper, starting from the medical services and financial status of the first pilot county of the county public hospital reform in Zhejiang province, analyzes the influence factors on county level hospital financial status. Measurements such as establishing and full implementing government compensation mechanism, rational setting medical price, extending hospital self-management and promoting hospital management efficiency are also put forward to give reference for further implementing county level public hospital reform.%县级公立医院改革深入推进,必须有效建立起可持续的县级公立医院经济运行机制。从浙江省县级公立医院改革先行试点县市的医疗服务与经营现状出发,分析了医改后影响县级公立医院经济运行的原因,提出了政府补偿机制要到位、医疗价格机制要合理、医院自主经营要提升、医院管理服务要高效等优化县级公立医院经济运行的对策,以期为进一步推进县级公立医院改革提供参考。

  9. The Discussion on the Implementation of Dance Education in Public Colleges and Universities%探析普通高校公共舞蹈教育的实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈可

    2012-01-01

    The art of dance with other disciplines plays an irreplaceable role in the comprehensive introduction to higher learning, and deepens to students' cultural life. This is not only the required element of carrying out students' quality education as well as an important teaching reform of colleges and universities in recent years. It has a rich taste experience of university students to cultivate the image of temperament, in order to stimu- late the creation of functions. In this paper, the essence of dance, functions, and the status of dance educa- tion of China's contemporary public colleges and universities, the implementation of dance education of public colleges and universities have been analyzed to promote a climax of those comprehensive public colleges and universities.%舞蹈艺术以其它学科不可替代的作用全面引入高校,深入到学生的文化生活中。不仅是对大学生进行素质教育的一项重要内容,也是近年来高校教育改革的重要举措。它具有丰富大学生情趣体验、培养形象气质、激发创造才能等功能。通过对舞蹈的本质、作用和我国当代高校公共舞蹈教育的现状,探讨了高校公共舞蹈教育的实施问题,使高校公共舞蹈教育全面推向高潮。

  10. Reunderstanding on Public Security and Social Security---Discussion with Mr .Yu Bin%关于公共保障与社会保障几个问题的再认识--与余斌先生商榷

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙健夫; 陈丽莎

    2015-01-01

    Public security is closely linked with fiscal expenditure .It is a mean that the governments use to meet social needs by providing public goods when market mechanism fails to do so .Unlimitedly expanding the concept of public security and over‐extending its function will result in the crowding‐out effect to market’ s resources allocation function . As an important component of the public security system ,social security is a major innovation in the social management field to adapt to the change of industrialized social production mode .T he key value of social security is to make institutional arrange‐ments for social members ,especially for the vulnerable groups ,leading by the government .The current construction of social security system in China needs to adhere to the principle of universality ,as well as to prevent blind improvement of social security level beyond economic affordability .T hus ,the principle of moderation should be the basic principle for social security system .%公共保障与公共财政支出存在密切联系,它是由政府通过提供公共产品来满足市场机制无力解决的社会需求的手段。无限制地扩大公共保障的内涵,过度扩大公共保障的功能,会对市场机制配置资源的功能形成挤出效应。社会保障作为公共保障体系的重要组成部分,是适应工业化社会生产方式的变化在社会管理领域的一大创新。它所体现的价值在于由政府主导对社会成员尤其是弱势群体的基本生活条件进行制度性安排。我国目前社会保障制度的建设,也需要在坚持普遍性原则的同时,防止脱离经济承受能力,盲目提高社会保障水平。适度原则应该成为社会保障制度的基本原则。

  11. Discussing social managment: concepts and protagonists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariangela Belfiore Wanderley

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at discussing the social management conception as the management of public actions within the scope of social policies, addressing concepts and protagonists. We have given special attention to social and public notions in management as well as listed their main challenges: interdisciplinarity, intersectoriality and territorialization

  12. Highlights of the Discussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Christine M.; Gillespie, Ardyth H.

    1981-01-01

    Summarizes the discussions and identified research priorities from a 1980 Workshop on Nutrition Education Research relating to areas of anthropology, communications, psychology, and social psychology. (DS)

  13. Publicity and public relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fosha, Charles E.

    1990-01-01

    This paper addresses approaches to using publicity and public relations to meet the goals of the NASA Space Grant College. Methods universities and colleges can use to publicize space activities are presented.

  14. 大空间公共建筑消防设计难点及对策探讨%Discuss the Design Difficulties and Countermeasures of Large Space Public Building Fire Protection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈展

    2014-01-01

    在大空间公共建筑的建设过程当中,消防安全设计一直是一个永恒的课题。本文从大空间建筑的特点出发,简要分析了消防设计中的重点与难点,并针对不同的难点提出了相应的解决措施,希望给我国的大空间公共建筑消防设计带来一定的帮助。%In the construction process of large space public buildings, the fire safety design has always been an eternal subject. This article starts from the characteristics of large spa-ce building, briefly analyzes the emphasizes and difficulties in fire control design, and puts forward corresponding solutions in view of different difficulties, and hope to bring certain help to give Chinese fire system design for large space public bu-ildings.

  15. 试论公立医院人力资源管理存在的问题及对策%Discussion on Problems and Countermeasures of Human Resource Management in Public Hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚男; 景浩

    2013-01-01

    At present, human resource management in our country hospitals is in hasic stage. With the reform of medical system, the shortcomings come out gradually. This paper analyzes the present human resource management problems in public hospitals, and puts forward relevant countermeasures, so it can provide reference for promoting and realizing the sustainable development of public hospitals.%目前,我国医院的人力资源管理还基本处在传统的人事管理阶段.随着医疗体制的改革,医院的人力资源体制的弊端日益显露出来,文章分析了目前公立医院人力资源管理存在的问题,并提出了相关的解决对策,期望为促进和实现公立医院的可持续发展提供一定的借鉴和参考.

  16. 小议上海市居住区配套公共服务设施指标变迁%Brief Discussion on Transition of the Index of Supporting Public Service Facilities of Residential Areas in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓靖

    2015-01-01

    As an important component of urban construction, the conifguration of public service facilities is an important index for measuring the convenience of a city. By analyzing the changes of supporting public service facility index of residential area of Shanghai, it reveals the improvement of people’s living standard, increasing of urban convenience and different of residents’ living requirement that are relfected behind the changes.%居住区公共服务设施配置是城市建设中重要的组成部分,是衡量城市方便度的重要指标。通过对上海市居住区配套公共服务设施指标变化的分析,展示了变化背后所反映的居民生活水平的提高、城市方便度的增加以及居民生活需求的不同。

  17. 基于城市步行环境因素探讨公共场所的营造%Discussion on Construction of Public Place Based on Factors of Pedestrian Environment in City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗智文

    2013-01-01

    一座好的城市,需要提供公共空间为公众营造城市生活。城市环境中步行空间的营造对环境感受的影响尤其重要。在具有步行氛围的环境里,人与人的接触能演变成一种积极的城市活动。因此以步行环境为主题的统筹规划与建设,是城市生活的空间保障,需要得到城市未来发展的重视。%A good city should be created a life for the public in the city with public place. In the urban environment, creating space for walking environment is especially important. In addition, person-to-person contact can be evolved into an active urban life with pedestrian atmosphere environment. Overall planning and construction of the walking environment is the spatial indemnification of urban living activities, which should be got the attention by the city's future development.

  18. Public Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snow, C. P.

    In this book effects of technological developments on world conditions are discussed on the basis of the author's public statements made between 1959-70. A total of seven pieces is presented under the headings: The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution, The Two Cultures: A Second Look, The Case of Leavis and the Serious Case, Science and…

  19. Framing Evolution Discussion Intellectually

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Alandeom W.; Cook, Kristin; Buck, Gayle A.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines how a first-year biology teacher facilitates a series of whole-class discussions about evolution during the implementation of a problem-based unit. A communicative theoretical perspective is adopted wherein evolution discussions are viewed as social events that the teacher can frame intellectually (i.e., present or organize as…

  20. Leading Classroom Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Gloriana; DeJarnette, Anna F.

    2013-01-01

    Classroom discourse is a valuable teaching and learning tool. Discussions allow students to improve their communication and reasoning skills in mathematics and help teachers assess students' understanding of mathematical ideas. To get the greatest benefit from discussion, teachers must elicit student thinking, listen carefully to their ideas,…

  1. Framing Evolution Discussion Intellectually

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Alandeom W.; Cook, Kristin; Buck, Gayle A.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines how a first-year biology teacher facilitates a series of whole-class discussions about evolution during the implementation of a problem-based unit. A communicative theoretical perspective is adopted wherein evolution discussions are viewed as social events that the teacher can frame intellectually (i.e., present or organize as…

  2. The Use of Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, Edmund deS.; And Others

    Research on the use of discussion in adult education has been largely concerned with comparing it with the use of other instructional techniques and with measuring opinion change. Many studies, such as Kurt Lewin's study of food habits, have compared the effectiveness of group discussion as contrasted with lecture in changing opinions and…

  3. Discussion about prevention and management of public health emergencies under new situation%新形势下高校突发公共卫生事件防控管理的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘生明

    2012-01-01

    This paper expounds the common public health emergencies in universities, and prevention and management of these events, as well as how to deal with them. Under new situation, we should not only improve the safety of university cafeteria, and launch a vaccination campaign, but also strengthen health education of college students and make great effort to prevent the public health emergencies. Therefore we should pay more attention to the construction and development of the university hospitals. In the university hospitals as center, all the departments should cooperate with each other, establish an effective management system which mainly in prevention, combining prevention and treatment, in order to cope with incidence and development of public health emergencies. It will ensure safety of school teachers and students, maintains the school stability.%本文阐述了高校常见的突发性公共卫生事件,以及对突发性公共卫生事件的预防措施,校内、校外突发性公共卫生事件应对方案.提出了新形势下高校应从加强学校食堂的食品卫生安全,开展传染病疫苗接种,加强大学生健康教育和建立高校突发公共卫生事件应急预案入手,做好突发性公共卫生事件的预防.从而得出新形势下高校应重视校医院的建设与发展,以校医院为依托,各部门相互配合,建立起以预防为主、防治结合、群防群控的长效管理机制,以应对突发性公共卫生事件的发生及发展,保障学校师生生命安全,维护学校稳定.

  4. 构建西部铁路发展的政府企业合作框架探讨%Discussion on Constructing the Public-Private Partnership for the Development of Western Railway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尔玲春

    2001-01-01

    政府企业合作框架,即PPP(Public-Private Partnership),又称公私合营,是适合铁路等准公共物品性质项目的融资及建设经营范式,这是被国际成功经验所证实的.政府企业合作框架在中国西部铁路运营管理和投融资体制创新中能发挥不同的作用,并设计出不同的运营管理方案和融资体制创新思路,提出合作中政府应给予西部地区铁路发展的支持政策.

  5. 浅谈在绿色公共建筑星级评价体系中建筑电气的设计%Discussion on the Design of Building Electrical in the Star Evaluation System for Green Public Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩丽

    2011-01-01

    The author participated in the renovation design of Hangzhou Science and Technology Museum and the Haidian Exhibition Hall. Relevant content about the electrical design of the evaluation criteria for the public building is summarized and summed up in the%笔者通过参加杭州市科技馆和海淀展览馆改造两个绿色建筑的项目设计,将绿色公共建筑星级评价标准中电气设计的相关内容加以归纳、总结、提炼,以供建筑电气设计同行加深对绿色建筑星级评价体系的理解,从而清楚地知道在这个体系中如何完成自己的设计工作。

  6. [Medical visits before return to work, after a long lasting absence, above 60 days, for injuries or common diseases in a public transport company. Analysis and discussions of utility and consequences in term of evaluation of fitness to specific job].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verga, A; Bordini, L; Ricci, M G; Di Lucca, P; Todaro, A

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the opportunity to do medical visits before return to work, after a long continuous absence, above 60 days, for injuries (occupational and non-occupational) or common diseases. We have examined medical records of 403 workers, in 2010 and 2011, occupied in a public transport company, in order to control the following variables: job, age, clinical conditions related to the absences, classification of the absence as injuries or common disease and conclusions about medical fitness to specific job. Our findings have shown an equal percentage of causes of absences in term of injuries or common diseases. The main cause of absence and of non fit to specific job, after medical evaluation, is depending on orthopaedic post-traumatic diseases. This evidence support the importance to do medical visits after long-lasting absence from work, particularly in case of jobs (bus, tram, subway drivers) at risk for other people.

  7. 公共危机中政府信息公开相关理论探讨%Theoretical Discussion on the Public Crisis Related to the Disclosure of Government Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许清清

    2014-01-01

    into the 21st century, in the context of the world, public crisis is close, Governments adopted a series of measures to strengthen capacity to respond to crises, from theory to system design from crisis prevention and crisis management, Governments hope to take all kinds of effective measures to combat the crisis. In China almost never the case. Guiding theory is practice, so scholars in crisis the Government information public lack of theoretical research, which, to some extent, restricted the promotion of governmental crisis management capabilities. Study on the openness of Government information theory to guide the practice of the Government to resolve the crisis, is very important.%进入21世纪,在世界范围内,公共危机事件濒发,各国政府都在采取一系列措施增强应对危机的能力,从理论的研究到制度的预设,从危机的预防到危机的管理,各国政府希望采取各种有效措施,战胜危机,我国概莫如此。理论是实践的指导,然我国学界在政府危机信息公开方面的理论研究不足,这在一定程度上制约了政府危机管理能力的提升。研究政府危机信息公开的理论基础,对指导政府解决危机的实践,具有重要意义。

  8. A Brief Discussion on the Situation of Wushu Teaching as a Public PE Course in Liaoning Province%浅谈辽宁省公共体育课武术教学现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洪泉; 张羽健

    2012-01-01

    Wushu is China's traditional sports project with a history of thousands of years, and is our country's important intangible cultural heritage, loved by the people. Many of the current universities have opened Wushu as an optional course, and it has achieved good effect, for it strengthens student's physique, more importantly, it helps to carry forward the spirit of martial arts.This paper investigates on public sports students in Shenyang Normal University. The survey found that there exist some problems in the current Wushu teaching as a public physical education course, and the problems have affected the development of Wushu teaching. Aiming at these problems, this paper puts forward some reasonable suggestions, hoping to help the reform of Wushu teaching.%武术是我国的传统体育项目,有数千年的历史,是我国非常重要的非物质文化遗产,深受人们的喜爱,当前全国很多高校都将武术设为选项课,在公共体育中进行教学并取得了很好的效果,不仅增强了学生的体魄,更重要的是弘扬了武术精神,本文主要以沈阳师范大学公共体育学生为研究对象进行问卷调查,通过调查发现当前公共体育课武术教学存在着的一些问题,影响了武术教学的开展,并针对这些问题提出了一些合理化建议,希望为武术课教学的改革提供一些帮助。

  9. 病媒生物防治工作在重大活动公共卫生保障中的地位探讨研究%The status discussion of vector control in important activities public health security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕京静; 郑朝阳; 刘硕; 贺洪国

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the importance and public health security due status of vector control in major activities counter-measures and ensure national major activities in the future public health security quality. Methods Analyzing public health security pathogens of biological counter-measures work of ironman triathlon retrospectively in the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, and putting forward problems and solutions for affecting public health security vector control quality. Results During triathlon pre-match period, through the density monitoring risk assessment public health security vector control in the 2008 Olympics adopted a government-led with professional technical support, with department team for regular professional counter-measures, community and relevant unit as auxiliary power of pathogens biological counter-measures mode. The density of mosquito larvae,adult mosquitoes,flies and rats reduced 100% ,88.08% ,87.01% and 100% separately at venues, stations and catering and processing industries outsi3e .environment. Making the Olympics pathogens infectious disease and related events zero occurrence and zero complaint goal realized. But it also exposed safeguard working not smooth and the problems found cannot achieve rapid effectively solved. Conclusion It is necessary to carry out biological risk assessment for vector estimation before major events, taking scientifical vector control mode, thus the desired effect can be achieved. It is an important foundation to ensure the vector control effects by giving appropriate powers and status to the professionals. This should cause the attention of relevant leaders and departments.%目的 探讨病媒生物防治工作在重大活动公共卫生保障中的重要性及应有地位,从而确保今后国家各项重大活动公共卫生保障质量.方法 通过对2008年北京奥运会铁人三项赛公共卫生保障病媒生物防治工作的回顾性分析,提出影响公共卫生保障病媒生物防治工作质

  10. Public knowledge and public trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham-Burley, Sarah

    2006-01-01

    As health care applications derived from human genetics research are likely to move increasingly from 'clinic to community', there is growing interest not just in how patients understand and take up health-related genetic information but also in the views of the wider population, as well as a range of professional groups. In this paper, issues relating public knowledge and public trust are raised and discussed in an attempt to move forward debates about public involvement in genomic research and the role of sociologists within interdisciplinary teams. As the field of public understanding of science has developed, we have seen a shift from a focus on the lack of scientific literacy as problem to a recognition of the range of different knowledges that people have and use as they confront science and technology in their everyday lives. As a mood for dialogue pervades many institutions in their relations with 'publics', attention must now be paid to the way in which knowledge and expertise is expressed, heard and acted upon in dialogic encounters. There is increasing concern about public trust in science and calls to increase public confidence, particularly through more open engagement with a range of publics. However, lack of trust or loss of confidence may be constructed as problems rather than reflecting empirical reality, where more complex relationships and attitudes prevail. Lack of trust is often privatized, deeply rooted in lived experience and routinely managed. Trust relations are generally characterized by ambivalence, uncertainty and risk, and are always provisional. Drawing on selected literature and empirical research to review and illustrate this field, this paper argues that scepticism or ambivalence on the part of publics are not necessarily problems to be overcome in the interest of scientific progress, but rather should be mobilized to enhance open and public debates about the nature and direction of genomics research, medicine, and the related

  11. Lighting and public health.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ierland, J. van & Schreuder, D.A.

    1969-01-01

    The following topics; are discussed with respect to public health: - the effect of visible and ultraviolet radiation upon man. - vision with respect to lighting. interior lighting. - artificial lighting of work environments. - day light and windows. - recommendations for lighting. public lighting. -

  12. Group Work Publication-1991.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimpfer, David G.

    1992-01-01

    Lists 21 new publications in group work, of which 9 are reviewed. Those discussed include publications on group counseling and psychotherapy, structured groups, support groups, psychodrama, and social group work. (Author/NB)

  13. 论公共图书馆可持续发展——谈阅览室管理模式创新%On Sustainable Development of Public Library- Discussion on Innovative Management Models in Reading Room

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伊卓

    2012-01-01

    Reading Room is an important part of public libraries, the sustainable development of it ensures the reading right of readers, meanwhile, also ensure the sustainable development of the library to a large extent. The reading room in library has some limitations in the process of building sustainable development under the traditional management method. Taking the requirements of sustainable development as background, the paper outlines the innovative management method of reading room in modem libraries.%阅览室是公共图书馆的重要组成部分,阅览室的可持续发展保证了读者的阅读权力,同时在很大程度上也保证了图书馆的可持续发展。传统管理模式下图书馆阅览室在可持续发展建设中具有一定的局限性。文章以图书馆可持续发展要求为背景,勾画出现代图书馆阅览室的创新管理模式。

  14. 高职高专计算机公共课教材建设浅谈%A Brief Discussion on the Construction of Teaching Mate-rials for Higher Vocational Public Computer Course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安静

    2013-01-01

      目前,高职高专的教育改革正在不断深化,相关教材也应随之改革修订,要突出高职高专教育特色,突出职业性、应用性,加强理论联系实际。教材内容重点放在理论、原理的应用思路、应用方法、操作技能以及案例分析等方面。明确市场定位,注重市场需求,加强作者队伍建设,策划出一系列符合市场需求的计算机公共课教材。%At present, higher vocational education reform is deep-ening ceaselessly, so related materials should also be reformed subsequently revised, so as to highlight the features of higher professional education. It should stress professional and applica-tion, and strengthen the connection between theory and practice. Teaching contents should focus on the theory, principle, applica-tion method, application thinking skills and case analysis, etc. I should also make clear market positioning, focus on market de-mand, strengthen the construction of author team, and plan a se-ries of teaching materials of public computer course in line with market demand.

  15. Discussion on Acquisition and Utilization of Ultrasonic Non-publication Literature%浅谈超声非正式出版文献的获取和利用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    项四平; 赵成效

    2013-01-01

    Collecting and analyzing ultrasound informally published literature is the way to mine intelligence, understand competitors, forecast technology development. This paper described the concepts of Non-publication Literature and proposed four methods of acquisition:using search engines, searching in the professional Web, retrieving network drive and indirect accessing. Practice shows that a lot of information is obtained with less input,the intelligence obtained through analysis is used in scientific research, management and so on.%收集和分析非正式出版文献,可以挖掘情报,了解竞争对手,预测技术发展方向。本文阐述了超声非正式出版文献的概念并提出了四种获取方法:搜索引擎检索、专业网站检索、网盘检索和间接获取。实践表明,以较少的投入获取了丰富的资料,通过分析将情报应用于科研、经营等。

  16. 全面深化公安改革背景下加强警辅队伍建设和整合的探索--以上海市公安局嘉定分局为例%Discussion on the Building and Potency of Public-Security Managerial Assistants--Take for Example of Jiading Branch of Shanghai Public Security Bureau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚方盛

    2015-01-01

    As the capable helper, the public-security managerial assistant has given great assistance to the public security organ in the public-security managerial process. At present, the public-security managerial assistants have become the new emerging forces to safeguard the public order. In the new situation, the public security organ should play a big role in the public order management and make the best possible use of public-security managerial assistants.%警辅队伍是指由《人民警察法》等法律法规规定的,政府认可并出资保障,由公安机关直接领导、管理的安全防范组织或在公安机关协助处理外部警务活动的组织。目前,警辅队伍已成为维护社会治安不可或缺的力量。在新的形势下,我们要进一步发挥警辅队伍的工作效能,激发其潜在活力,实现警力的无增长改善。

  17. A report on proposals of open-to-discussion dispositions relating to the draft of law on Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply; Rapport concernant un texte sur les dispositions restant en discussion du projet de loi relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bataille, Christian [ed.] [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France); Revol, Henri [ed.] [Senat, Paris (France)

    1999-11-23

    The report presents, on behalf of the Joint Mediation Commission, the open-to-discussion dispositions relating to the draft of law on Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Several problems related to general access to the electricity power, the EDF policy, the implementation of the European Union Directive concerning the electricity market, the relations between the energy policy adopted by National Assemble and Senate, the Super-Phenix shutdown controversy are reviewed. Also, relating to the European energy market, issues concerning the relation with partners from Germany, Spain and Italy are mentioned. By taking into account the different positions exposed by the members of the Commission, Mr Andre Lajoinie, the president, has made some concluding remarks about the lack of success in the work of the Joint Mediation Commission.

  18. 高层办公空间的公共空间设计与探讨%Design and Discussion on Public Space of High-rise Office Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘璐

    2015-01-01

    With the development of office space, different types of office space emerge rapidly. Due to the efficiency of urban land use at present, the high-rise office space is still the mainstream. With the limitations of high-rise buildings, to create positive space in the high-rise building turns to be an important issue to improve work efficiency and humanization. Based on some cases, the creation of public space mode with application effects and the change of human activity mode are elaborated, and the feasible design principles for high-rise office buildings are also explored.%随着办公空间的发展,不同类型的办公空间层出不穷,但现阶段由于城市土地利用效率问题,办公空间仍主要以高层为主,而高层建筑又有其局限性。如何在高层建筑中创造公共空间是提高办公效率和发展人性化办公的重要课题。该文通过案例阐述高层建筑中创造公共空间的模式与应用效果及人的行为模式的改变,从而摸索出高层办公公共空间设计与绿色设计的可行原则。

  19. 福建省海产品冷链物流公共信息平台探讨%Discussion about Seafood Cold -chain Logistics Public Information Platform in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡婉坤; 叶罛

    2016-01-01

    On the basis of rich fish resources in Fujian Province,this article elaborated that the main individuals of seafood supply chain,including fishermen /suppliers,logistics companies,retailers,face some problems such as logistics cost waves and undevelopment of small and medium enterprises due to the shortage of information sharing.We drew a conclusion from the successful experience of logistics information platform abroad and built an e-commerce cold -chain logistics public information platform in Fujian based on seafood supply chain to integrate logistics resources into information resources and then achieve win-win goal.%文中从福建省渔业资源丰富的区域优势出发,阐述了福建省个体渔户/供应商、物流企业、零售商等海产品供应链主体在缺乏信息共享下,出现物流成本巨大,中小企业难以发展的问题。最终借鉴国内外成功物流信息平台经验,构建了以福建省为主导的区域性电子商务型基于海产品供应链的冷链物流公共信息平台,有效整合物流资源和货源信息,实现多方共赢。

  20. Focus group discussions

    CERN Document Server

    Hennink, Monique M

    2014-01-01

    The Understanding Research series focuses on the process of writing up social research. The series is broken down into three categories: Understanding Statistics, Understanding Measurement, and Understanding Qualitative Research. The books provide researchers with guides to understanding, writing, and evaluating social research. Each volume demonstrates how research should be represented, including how to write up the methodology as well as the research findings. Each volume also reviews how to appropriately evaluate published research. Focus Group Discussions addresses the challenges associated with conducting and writing focus group research. It provides detailed guidance on the practical and theoretical considerations in conducting focus group discussions including: designing the discussion guide, recruiting participants, training a field team, moderating techniques and ethical considerations. Monique Hennink describes how a methodology section is read and evaluated by others, such as journal reviewers or ...

  1. Discussion about magnesium phosphating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Pokorny

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes results from recently published research focused on production of non-conventional magnesium phosphate Mg3(PO42・4H2O – bobierrite, or MgHPO4・3H2O – newberyite coating for both magnesium alloys and/or mild steel. This new kind of coating is categorized in the context of current state of phosphating technology and its potential advantages and crystal structure is discussed. At the same time, the suitable comparison techniques for magnesium phosphate coating and conventional zinc phosphate coating are discussed.

  2. Report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Volume I. General discussion and Examination of the articles; Rapport sur le projet de loi (no. 1253) relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite. Tome I. Discussion generale et Examen des articles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bataille, Christian [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1999-02-11

    This report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply is composed of three parts. The first part contains the following three sections: I. The electricity, a commodity as others?; II. The stride towards liberalization; III. France and the opening of electricity market. In turn, the first section addresses the following two subjects: A. The 'classic' approach or recognizing the peculiarity of electricity; B. The European approach or the trend of trivializing the electricity. The second section addresses the subjects titled: A. A long and severe bargaining; B. Directive 96/92/CE of 19 December 1996, a new step in achieving a domestic market of electricity; C. The stage of implementation throughout the member states. The third section presents the current juridical framework and the main problems stipulated in the draft of the law concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. The second part of this report is devoted to the debates in the Commission of Production and Exchanges and contains the following three sections: I. Auditions; II. General discussion; III. The examination of the articles of the law concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply.

  3. Discussions on the business strategy against total reimbursement control of medical insurance for large public hospitals%医保总额控制下大型公立医院经营策略探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余臻峥; 陈敏芳

    2015-01-01

    为解决医疗费用过快上涨、医保对供方行为约束不足、基金运行风险加剧等问题,人力资源和社会保障部等要求在统筹地区开展以总额控制为主的医保支付方式改革.总额控制对城市大型公立医院的经营管理产生了较大的影响.按照总额控制政策,提出3个层面的转型策略.在发展战略方面,转变增长方式,发挥医联体作用,增强辐射能力;在业务管理方面,确保医疗质量和安全,落实临床路径,优化服务流程;在行政管理方面,强化成本控制,加强信息化建设,转变管理职能.%To address such challenges as the rapid rise in health care costs,insufficient constraints on supply-side behavior by medical insurance,and rising risk exposure of the insurance foundation,the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security has proposed a payment mode reform featuring total reimbursement control.Such a total control policy will affect significantly the business operation of urban public hospitals.To adapt to the impacts so incurred,a three-level transformation strategy is recommended as follows.A development strategy calling for a new growth model,greater role of hospital-health alliances for greater service coverage; a business management strategy to ensure quality of care and safety,clinical pathways in place and optimize service processes; an administrative strategy to enhance cost control,strengthen information technology,and transform the management functions.

  4. What do we know about medical tourism? A review of the literature with discussion of its implications for the UK National Health Service as an example of a public health care system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanefeld, Johanna; Smith, Richard; Horsfall, Daniel; Lunt, Neil

    2014-01-01

    Medical tourism is a growing phenomenon. This review of the literature maps current knowledge and discusses findings with reference to the UK National Health Service (NHS). Databases were systematically searched between September 2011 and March 2012 and 100 papers were selected for review. The literature shows specific types of tourism depending on treatment, eg, dentistry, cosmetic, or fertility. Patient motivation is complex and while further research is needed, factors beyond cost, including availability and distance, are clearly important. The provision of medical tourism varies. Volume of patient travel, economic cost and benefit were established for 13 countries. It highlights contributions not only to recipient countries' economies but also to a possible growth in health systems' inequities. Evidence suggests that UK patients travel abroad to receive treatment, complications arise and are treated by the NHS, indicating costs from medical travel for originating health systems. It demonstrates the importance of quality standards and holds lessons as the UK and other EU countries implement the EU Directive on cross-border care. Lifting the private-patient-cap for NHS hospitals increases potential for growth in inbound medical tourism; yet no research exists on this. Research is required on volume, cost, patient motivation, industry, and on long-term health outcomes in medical tourists. © 2014 International Society of Travel Medicine.

  5. Writing a Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Sue; And Others

    A unit used in an Australian school to teach English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students how to write a discussion is described. The 3-week unit was planned and implemented jointly by an ESL resource teacher, class teacher, and teacher librarian. The class was divided into three heterogeneous groups, two of which were observed for this study and…

  6. Promoting Lively Literature Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gritter, Kristine

    2011-01-01

    When students create personal connections with literature during whole-class discussion, they make sense both of text and of their life experiences. In this article, the author shares tips that help students make text-to-self, text-to-world, and text-to-text connections. She offers classroom examples to illustrate how conversations that encourage…

  7. Discussion of Environmental Protection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁和毓

    2002-01-01

    Knowledge about environment issues was introduced. The influence of pollution on human beings as well as ecosystem was analyzed. And the management of environment protection and the roles that both the local government and central government should play were discussed. Finally, the legislation and supervision for environment protection were put forward.

  8. Reply to the discussion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BRILLINGER David R

    2009-01-01

    @@ Alan Lee adds to the topic and work of the paper by providing highly insightful discussion and new results. I thank him. In particular he provides further reasons for working with the derived values, Win-Tie-Loss,rather that actual goal counts themselves.

  9. Cotton Pricing Discussion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Cotton prices have received a lot of attention recently.Cotton Incorporated especically designed this Special Edition of Supply Chain Insights to frame the discussion concerning prices throughout the cotton supply chain in terms of the cyclical events that contributed to recent volatility and how a return to long-term averages over time can be expected.

  10. Going public

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Gitte; Sandøe, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The paper addresses issues of scientific conduct regarding relations between science and the media, relations between scientists and journalists, and attitudes towards the public at large. In the large and increasing body of literature on scientific conduct and misconduct, these issues seem...... deal with ethical public relations issues, guided by a norm or maxim of openness. Drawing on and rethinking the CUDOS codification of the scientific ethos, as it was worked out by Robert K. Merton in 1942, we propose that this, which is echoed in current codifications of norms for good scientific...... conduct, contains a tacit maxim of openness which may naturally be extended to cover the public relations of science. Discussing openness as access, accountability, transparency and receptiveness, the argumentation concentrates on the possible prevention of misconduct with respect to, on the one hand...

  11. Going public

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Gitte; Sandøe, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The paper addresses issues of scientific conduct regarding relations between science and the media, relations between scientists and journalists, and attitudes towards the public at large. In the large and increasing body of literature on scientific conduct and misconduct, these issues seem...... deal with ethical public relations issues, guided by a norm or maxim of openness. Drawing on and rethinking the CUDOS codification of the scientific ethos, as it was worked out by Robert K. Merton in 1942, we propose that this, which is echoed in current codifications of norms for good scientific...... conduct, contains a tacit maxim of openness which may naturally be extended to cover the public relations of science. Discussing openness as access, accountability, transparency and receptiveness, the argumentation concentrates on the possible prevention of misconduct with respect to, on the one hand...

  12. Public Education, Public Good.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlinson, John

    1986-01-01

    Criticizes policies which would damage or destroy a public education system. Examines the relationship between government-provided education and democracy. Concludes that privatization of public education would emphasize self-interest and selfishness, further jeopardizing the altruism and civic mindedness necessary for the public good. (JDH)

  13. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

      Public meetings : Come and talk about your future employment conditions !   The Staff Association will come and present the results of our survey on the 2015 five-yearly review. Following the survey, the topics discussed, will be contract policy, recognition of merit (MARS), working time arrangements and family policy. After each meeting and around a cup of coffee or tea you will be able to continue the discussions. Do not hesitate to join us, the five-yearly review, it is with YOU!

  14. Summaries of group discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, L. D.

    1972-01-01

    Group discussions following the presentations of reports on the remote sensing of Chesapeake Bay resources are presented. The parameters to be investigated by the remote sensors and the specifications of the sensors are described. Specific sensors for obtaining data on various aspects of the ecology are identified. Recommendations for establishing a data bank and additional efforts to obtain increased understanding of the ecology are submitted.

  15. Discussion on advanced manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiankui

    2007-01-01

    Advanced manufacturing consists of continuity of manufacturing,its broad sense,and the core of the manufacturing process.The technology of continuous manufacturing is discussed according to both historical and modern perspectives.The relationship between human development and manufacturing technology is also discussed.Manufacturing is a continuously evolving topic.It is not only the foundation and means of imagination,conception,the science,and the technology of material change,but also the expression of national economy,national defense,and the support industries.The broad sense of manufacturing theory,which extends the concept of manufacturing,is an important development in the 20th century.The sense is analyzed in connection with design,material forming theory,synthesis of manufacturing technology,manufacturing modes,life cycle of product,hardware and sottware,and support environment,etc.At the same time,the core action and the development of the theory and technology of process is also discussed.At the end of this paper,the development directions of mechanical manufacturing science and technology are mentioned.

  16. Políticas públicas, juventude e desigualdades sociais: uma discussão sobre o ProJovem Urbano em Belo Horizonte Public policies, youth and social inequalities: a discussion about ProJovem Urbano in the city of Belo Horizonte (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldo Leão

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute alguns resultados de uma pesquisa qualitativa realizada entre 2009 e 2011 que investigou as trajetórias de jovens participantes do Programa ProJovem Urbano (Programa Nacional de Inclusão de Jovens no ano de 2009, em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Procurou-se compreender a vivência da condição juvenil pelos participantes do programa a partir de suas experiências de escolarização e trabalho e de seus projetos de futuro, para assim compreender os significados e sentidos do programa para eles. Na primeira etapa da pesquisa, foram aplicados 103 questionários a fim de construir um breve perfil socioeconômico dos alunos. Após o levantamento inicial dos dados, duas turmas foram selecionadas e observadas. Posteriormente, foram selecionados dez jovens para a realização de entrevistas semiestruturadas. A pesquisa revelou uma maioria de mulheres, negros e jovens em condições precárias de trabalho ou desempregados e com uma sociabilidade restrita em relação a outros estratos da população. Evidenciou-se que as desigualdades sociais têm uma importância central nas trajetórias de vida desses jovens, com impactos marcantes em suas experiências atuais e em suas expectativas em relação ao futuro. Com base nesse solo comum, foi possível perceber uma diversidade de experiências a partir das quais são produzidos diferentes significados e motivações em relação à escolarização, o que delimitava também a relação construída com o programa. De uma maneira geral, a busca pela certificação escolar era o principal interesse dos participantes.This paper discusses some of the outcomes of a qualitative research carried out between 2009 and 2011 which investigated the trajectories of young participants in the Program ProJovem Urbano (National Program for Youth Inclusion in 2009, in the city of Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, in Brazil. The attempt was to understand the experience of juvenile status by the program

  17. Conflicting perspectives compromising discussions on cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Groarke, J

    2010-09-01

    Healthcare professionals, patients and their relatives are expected to discuss resuscitation together. This study aims to identify the differences in the knowledge base and understanding of these parties. Questionnaires examining knowledge and opinion on resuscitation matters were completed during interviews of randomly selected doctors, nurses and the general public. 70% doctors, 24% nurses and 0% of a public group correctly estimated survival to discharge following in-hospital resuscitation attempts. Deficiencies were identified in doctor and nurse knowledge of ethics governing resuscitation decisions. Public opinion often conflicts with ethical guidelines. Public understanding of the nature of cardiopulmonary arrests and resuscitation attempts; and of the implications of a \\'Do Not Attempt Resuscitation (DNAR)\\' order is poor. Television medical dramas are the primary source of resuscitation knowledge. Deficiencies in healthcare professionals\\' knowledge of resuscitation ethics and outcomes may compromise resuscitation decisions. Educational initiatives to address deficiencies are necessary. Parties involved in discussion on resuscitation do not share the same knowledge base reducing the likelihood of meaningful discussion. Public misapprehensions surrounding resuscitation must be identified and corrected during discussion.

  18. Empowerment: a conceptual discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tengland, Per-Anders

    2008-06-01

    The concept of 'empowerment' is used frequently in a number of professional areas, from psychotherapy to social work. But even if the same term is used, it is not always clear if the concept denotes the same goals or the same practice in these various fields. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the discussion and to find a plausible and useful definition of the concept that is suitable for work in various professions. Several suggestions are discussed in the paper, for example control over life or health, autonomy, ability, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and freedom, and it is concluded that there are two plausible complementary uses, one as a goal and one as a process or approach. Empowerment as a goal is to have control over the determinants of one's quality of life, and empowerment as a process is to create a professional relation where the client or community takes control over the change process, determining both the goals of this process and the means to use.

  19. From discussion to dismay

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    Dear colleagues, We are not at the end of our troubles concerning the pension conditions offered by the Organization. As is our wont, we had prepared an article explaining the details of our proposals, different from those of the Administration. Unfortunately, there is no longer time for explanations. The Director of Administration is now preparing to impose his proposals. Despite some improvements, they remain, for us, unjustified and unacceptable, and we shall demonstrate this. The Staff Council cannot accept this way of doing things and we will denounce it. We now expect the Director-General to take position and play his role as representative of the Member States towards the personnel and EQUALLY as the representative of the personnel towards these same Member States. We shall come back to this. So that things are clear, we invite you to attend one of the four public meetings listed below. Your opinion is important to us. We shall ask for your support in a referendum that will take place from Tuesday 10 M...

  20. Medical Physics Panel Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guèye, Paul; Avery, Steven; Baird, Richard; Soares, Christopher; Amols, Howard; Tripuraneni, Prabhakar; Majewski, Stan; Weisenberger, Drew

    2006-03-01

    The panel discussion will explore opportunities and vistas in medical physics research and practice, medical imaging, teaching medical physics to undergraduates, and medical physics curricula as a recruiting tool for physics departments. Panel members consist of representatives from NSBP (Paul Guèye and Steven Avery), NIH/NIBIB (Richard Baird), NIST (Christopher Soares), AAPM (Howard Amols), ASTRO (Prabhakar Tripuraneni), and Jefferson Lab (Stan Majewski and Drew Weisenberger). Medical Physicists are part of Departments of Radiation Oncology at hospitals and medical centers. The field of medical physics includes radiation therapy physics, medical diagnostic and imaging physics, nuclear medicine physics, and medical radiation safety. It also ranges from basic researcher (at college institutions, industries, and laboratories) to applications in clinical environments.

  1. Conclusion et discussion

    OpenAIRE

    Bertrand, Romain; Wachtel, Nathan; Berger, Laurent; Levi, Giovanni; Boucheron, Patrick; Calvo, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    M. Romain BERTRANDNous voilà désormais rendus au terme probablement très provisoire concernant les débats et les discussions des travaux de Nathan WACHTEL lors de cette rencontre. Il nous reste une trentaine de minutes pour engager le débat avec les participants de la dernière séance et, le cas échéant, faire valoir des remarques générales sur telle ou telle session. Je souhaiterais inviter Nathan WACHTEL à initier cet échange s’il le souhaite. M. Nathan WACHTELComme je l’expliquais à Romain,...

  2. Privacy and Publicity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    An account and critical discussion of the European Court of Human Right's approach to the balancing of protecting publicity and privacy......An account and critical discussion of the European Court of Human Right's approach to the balancing of protecting publicity and privacy...

  3. Postmodern Public Administration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogason, Peter

    2005-01-01

    Discussion of the trends towards more uses of postmodern analysis within the discipline of public administration, particularly in the USA......Discussion of the trends towards more uses of postmodern analysis within the discipline of public administration, particularly in the USA...

  4. Privacy and Publicity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaumburg-Müller, Sten

    2013-01-01

    An account and critical discussion of the European Court of Human Right's approach to the balancing of protecting publicity and privacy......An account and critical discussion of the European Court of Human Right's approach to the balancing of protecting publicity and privacy...

  5. Newspaper Advocacy Advertising: A Medium for Discussing Public Issues?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fram, Eugene H.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Content analysis of 288 advocacy ads in the "Washington Post" and 373 in the "New York Times" showed that (1) for-profit organizations place such ads more frequently, although nonprofit groups are increasing their use; (2) 3 organizations placed a quarter of all the ads; (3) economic and social welfare issues predominated; and (4) primary…

  6. Discussing performance management architecture in public service broadcasting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben; Gabel, Ole Dahl

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To demonstrate design of Performance Management (PM) processes in highly complex, non-profit, culture-producing organisations specifically the shift from Performance Management Systems (PMS) to Performance Management Architectures (PMA) specifically using Danish Broadcasting Corporation ...

  7. Hydrogen embrittlement: future directions-discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, H; Chen, Y-S

    2017-07-28

    The final session of the meeting consisted of a discussion panel to propose future directions for research in the field of hydrogen embrittlement and the potential impact of this research on public policy.This article is part of the themed issue 'The challenges of hydrogen and metals'. © 2017 The Author(s).

  8. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    MARS PENSIONS CONTRACT POLICY GENERAL INFORMATION   PUBLIC MEETINGS COME AND BE INFORMED! Public meetings Monday 15 Oct. 2 pm Amphi IT, 31-3-004 Meyrin Wednesday 17 Oct. 10 am Amphi BE, 864-1-D02 Prévessin Thursday 18 Oct. 10 am Salle du Conseil/ Council Chamber 503-1-001 Meyrin Thursday 18 Oct. 2 pm Filtration Plant, 222-R-001(in English) Meyrin   Overview of the topics to be discussed Recognition of Merit – MARS Outcome of last exercise 2007 to 2012 : lessons learned Pension Fund Capital preservation policy : what is it ? Contract policy LC2IC statistics SA proposal General information CVI 2013 Voluntary programmes (PRP, SLS)  

  9. SMARTS Present and Future - A Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailyn, Charles; van der Bliek, N. S.; Fischer, D.

    2011-05-01

    The second session of the SMARTS "Meeting-in-a-Meeting" will be devoted to discussing the future of the consortium. As a basis for discussion, the SMARTS Principal Scientist (Charles Bailyn) and the CTIO Deputy Director (Nicole van der Bliek) will present information on the current SMARTS operation, and future options. Specific updates will be presented on current oversubscription and publication rates for the various SMARTS capabilities, along with some implications for the long-term viability of the current financial model. A number of options for future instrumentation upgrades and possibilities for changes in the current observing modes will be presented for discussion.

  10. Discussion on the Teaching Mode of 《Food Nutrition and Health》in the Public Elective Course in Universities%高等院校公共选修课《饮食营养与健康》教学模式的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁芳; 黄秋婵; 邱诗铭

    2016-01-01

    In order to enhance the effect of public elective course, on the teaching practice base of public elective course 《food nutrition and health》in the Guangxi Normal University for Nationalities, this article analyzes the problems appeared from the process of teaching, discussing the measures of education reform; The students's ability for analysing and solving problems and ability to think can be improved by the public elective course, and the student also can apply the guidance meal.%为了增强公选课的教学效果,在广西民族师范学院开设《饮食营养与健康》全院公选课的实践教学的基础上,该文分析教学过程存在的问题,探讨教育改革的措施;通过该课程的学习,提高了学生分析解决问题的能力,培养了大学生的思辨能力,并能运用所学指导膳食。

  11. 公众参与与行风测评有效性--基于被评组织感知的探索性研究%Public Participation and Effectiveness of Professional Climate Evaluation and Discussion-An Exploratory Study Based on the Perception of Organizations Evaluated

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡春萍; 吴建南

    2014-01-01

    文章采用内容分析法考察A市行风测评中公众参与的状况,并基于被评组织的感知运用结构方程模型研究公众参与对行风测评有效性的影响。研究表明,A市行风测评中公众参与处于从强化公众对政策理解状态向促进公众与公共管理者伙伴关系建立状态发展的阶段,但被评组织对公众参与的态度存在一定差异;被评组织对公众参与的态度会直接影响其对测评结果质量的感知,并间接影响对测评结果使用和测评效果的感知。因此,政府绩效评价工作中保持被评组织对公众参与的积极态度,对增强被评组织对行风测评有效性的正面认识和对行风测评的认同感有重要意义。同时,由于目前被评组织对公众参与态度不一,政府绩效评价中引入和强化公众参与需谨慎并注意其渐进性。%This paper reviews the practice of public participation in professional climate evaluation and discussion (PCED) of municipality A by the content analysis method,and applies SEM to explore the impact of public participation on the effective-ness of PCED based on the perception of organizations evaluated. The study shows that the state of public participation in PCED of municipality A is in the stage from the state of strengthening policy comprehension of the public to the state of promoting the fellowship between the public and administrators, yet there are differences among the attitudes of organizations evaluated to-ward public participation. Under this context, the attitude of organizations evaluated toward public participation has a direct and positive impact on the perception of the quality of performance ratings,and has an indirect and positive impact on the us-age of performance ratings and the perception of evaluation effect. So it is important to make the organizations keep the positive attitude toward public participation for the enhancement of the organizations’ self

  12. Report made on behalf of the mixed parity commission in charge of the text proposal about the remaining dispositions to be discussed of the project of law relative to the electric and gas public utilities and to the electric and gas companies; Rapport fait au nom de la Commission mixte paritaire chargee de proposer un texte sur les dispositions restant en discussion du projet de loi relatif au service public de l'electricite et du gaz et aux entreprises electriques et gaziere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenoir, J.C.; Poniatowski, L

    2004-07-01

    This project of law aims to adapt the electricity and gas sector to the new economical context of opening of the energy markets to competition. It gives to energy companies the internal organization base necessary to warrant a high level of service and a transparent and non-discriminatory access of third parties to transport and distribution networks. These evolutions will allow Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) companies to compete on equal terms with their European competitors. It confirms first the prime role of public utility of both companies and then transposes the dispositions of the European directives relative to the organization of EdF and GdF integrated companies. It foresees the creation of two daughter companies for the management of energy transport activities. The project of law foresees also the change of the status of EdF and GdF companies and the reform of the retirement pensions of the personnel. This report presents, first, in a comparative table the articles adopted by the French house of commons and the changes adopted by the Senate. Then, a common text is proposed by the mixed parity commission for the articles that remained under discussion. (J.S.)

  13. Behavioral Public Administration : Combining Insights from Public Administration and Psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Grimmelikhuijsen, S.G.; Jilke, Sebastian; Leth Olsen, Asmus; Tummers, L.G.

    2016-01-01

    We propose behavioral public administration as a designated subfield in public administration which explicitly deals with the integration of theories and methods from psychology into the study of public administration. We discuss how scholars in public administration currently draw on both methodological and theoretical innovations in psychology and point to research questions in public administration which could benefit from further integration. Behavioral public administration cannot, and s...

  14. Behavioral Public Administration: Combining Insights from Public Administration and Psychology

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    We propose behavioral public administration as a designated subfield in public administration which explicitly deals with the integration of theories and methods from psychology into the study of public administration. We discuss how scholars in public administration currently draw on both methodological and theoretical innovations in psychology and point to research questions in public administration which could benefit from further integration. Behavioral public administration cannot, and s...

  15. Public relations effectiveness in public health institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springston, Jeffrey K; Weaver Lariscy, Ruth Ann

    2005-01-01

    This article explores public relations effectiveness in public health institutions. First, the two major elements that comprise public relations effectiveness are discussed: reputation management and stakeholder relations. The factors that define effective reputation management are examined, as are the roles of issues and crisis management in building and maintaining reputation. The article also examines the major facets of stakeholder relations, including an inventory of stakeholder linkages and key audiences, such as the media. Finally, methods of evaluating public relations effectiveness at both the program level and the institutional level are explored.

  16. Public Values

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck Jørgensen, Torben; Rutgers, Mark R.

    2015-01-01

    administration is approached in terms of processes guided or restricted by public values and as public value creating: public management and public policy-making are both concerned with establishing, following and realizing public values. To study public values a broad perspective is needed. The article suggest......This article provides the introduction to a symposium on contemporary public values research. It is argued that the contribution to this symposium represent a Public Values Perspective, distinct from other specific lines of research that also use public value as a core concept. Public...... a research agenda for this encompasing kind of public values research. Finally the contributions to the symposium are introduced....

  17. Promotion & Publicity Handbook for Broadcasters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gompertz, Rolf

    This handbook gives practical suggestions for organizing and conducting publicity campaigns. It is directed to media publicists working for private agencies, studios, stations, or networks; however, the methods and principles discussed apply to all fields of publicity. The book discusses the following topics: the publicity campaign; the press kit,…

  18. Human Cloning: Let's Discuss It.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taras, Loretta; Stavroulakis, Anthea M.; Ortiz, Mary T.

    1999-01-01

    Describes experiences with holding discussions on cloning at a variety of levels in undergraduate biology courses. Discusses teaching methods used and student reactions to the discussions. Contains 12 references. (WRM)

  19. Behavioral Public Administration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grimmelikhuijsen, Stephan; Jilke, Sebastian; Olsen, Asmus Leth

    2017-01-01

    Behavioral public administration is the analysis of public administration from the micro-level perspective of individual behavior and attitudes by drawing on insights from psychology on the behavior of individuals and groups. The authors discuss how scholars in public administration currently draw...... theories. As such, behavioral public administration complements traditional public administration. Furthermore, it could be a two-way street for psychologists who want to test the external validity of their theories in a political-administrative setting. Finally, four principles are proposed to narrow...

  20. Public Library YA Program Roundup. Fantastic Fiestas in the Library: Florida Teens Connect with Their Caribbean and Hispanic Roots; Read Any Good Movies Lately? Conducting YA Book and Movie Discussions; How To Survive a Summer Book Club: A Dialogue; What Do Teens Read in One Day? A Teen Read Week Log; Reading Rocks Music Revue; BookBusters! Spring Cleaning for Books, Teens, and Senior Citizens; Intergenerational Internet; Medieval Murder in the Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wexler, Sydna R.; Vaillancourt, Renee J.; Gillispie, Julie; Engdale, Adam; Lane, David; Welch, Rollie; Honnold, RoseMary; Hall, Tracie; Katz, Jeff; Bartlett, Linda

    2001-01-01

    These eight articles describe successful public library programs for teens. Highlights include programs emphasizing immigrants' cultures; viewing film adaptations from appropriate books; summer book discussion groups; using music to promote reading; using teen and senior citizen volunteers to help restore books; teens as computer tutors for other…

  1. Discussion on Embedded Phenomenon of Ancestral Culture and Public Culture---Taking Cangpo Country Cultural Hall in Wenzhou’s Yongjia County of Zhejiang as an Example%宗祠文化与公共文化的互嵌现象--以浙江温州永嘉苍坡村文化礼堂为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓云; 王鹏

    2016-01-01

    To construct a beautiful country, in 2013, the government of Zhejiang Province puts forward the policy of expanding the community’s public culture service system by establishing culture hall to inherit the local culture and carry forward the modern civilization. The measures of changing old ancestral temple into culture hall cause great response from the society. Based on the reconstruction of Cangpo country cultural hall (Lee’s ancestral temple)in Yongjia county, Wenzhou, it is to explore its rationality and discuss the necessity both folk culture and public culture service from the perspective of folklore that mean improve the quality of public cultural services with the basis of protecting the folk culture.%为建设美丽乡村,浙江省人民政府2013年出台了通过建立文化礼堂来拓展社区公共文化服务体系的政策,以此传承乡土文化,弘扬现代文明。其中将旧祠堂改建为文化礼堂这一措施,在社会各界引起了很大反响。为进一步探讨这一做法的合理性,本文以温州永嘉苍坡村文化礼堂(李氏宗祠)改建为例,从民俗学角度探讨民俗文化与公共文化服务相结合的必要性,即在保护民俗文化的基础上提高公共文化服务的质量。

  2. Sustainable Public Bids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gil César Costa de Paula

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article we will discuss the issue of sustainability in public procurement, given that the government in Brazil is constituted as a great promoter of economic development and needs to adapt its acquisitions worldwide sustainability agenda.

  3. Public Values and Public Service Motivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lotte Bøgh; Beck Jørgensen, Torben; Kjeldsen, Anne Mette

    2013-01-01

    The literatures on public values (PV) and public service motivation (PSM) both address whether public service delivery is driven by something more than self-interest. They have developed separately, although they can benefit from insights developed by the other, and this article discusses...... conceptual and empirical relationships between them. Based on a survey of 501 public managers, we find that PSM and PV are associated empirically, but not in a manner allowing total integration. The conceptual discussion reveals how the two concepts cannot be totally separated, as values can be motivating...... and motivation is often oriented toward something desirable (e.g., values). This suggests that neither total separation nor integration is a fruitful strategy. Given that the concepts are related, the literatures may benefit from more awareness of the conceptual overlaps and differences....

  4. Ethics and Scientific Publication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benos, Dale J.; Fabres, Jorge; Farmer, John; Gutierrez, Jessica P.; Hennessy, Kristin; Kosek, David; Lee, Joo Hyoung; Olteanu, Dragos; Russell, Tara; Wang, Kai

    2005-01-01

    This article summarizes the major categories of ethical violations encountered during submission, review, and publication of scientific articles. We discuss data fabrication and falsification, plagiarism, redundant and duplicate publication, conflict of interest, authorship, animal and human welfare, and reviewer responsibility. In each section,…

  5. Ethics and Scientific Publication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benos, Dale J.; Fabres, Jorge; Farmer, John; Gutierrez, Jessica P.; Hennessy, Kristin; Kosek, David; Lee, Joo Hyoung; Olteanu, Dragos; Russell, Tara; Wang, Kai

    2005-01-01

    This article summarizes the major categories of ethical violations encountered during submission, review, and publication of scientific articles. We discuss data fabrication and falsification, plagiarism, redundant and duplicate publication, conflict of interest, authorship, animal and human welfare, and reviewer responsibility. In each section,…

  6. Public meeting

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2010-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, I am pleased to invite you to a public meeting which will be held on Thursday 11 November 2010 at 2:30 p.m., in the Main Auditorium (welcome coffee from 2 p.m.) In this meeting Sigurd Lettow, Director for Administration and General Infrastructure will present the Management’s proposals towards restoring full funding of the Pension Fund. The meeting will follow discussions which took place with the Staff Association, at the Standing Concertation Committee (CCP) of 1 November 2010 and will be held with the Members States, at the Tripartite Employment Conditions Forum (TREF) of 4 November 2010. You will be able to attend this presentation in the Main Auditorium or via the webcast. The Management will also be available to reply to your questions on this subject. Best regards, Anne-Sylvie Catherin

  7. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    MARS SURVEY 5YR 2015 GENERAL INFORMATION ELECTIONS 2013   COME AND BE INFORMED! Public meetings Tuesday 1st Oct. 10 am Amphi IT, 31-3-004 Meyrin Tuesday 1st Oct. 2 pm Council Chamber, 503-1-001 Meyrin Friday 4 Oct. 10 am Amphi BE, 864-1-D02 Prévessin Monday 7 Oct. 2 pm Council Chamber, 503-1-001 (in English) Meyrin Tuesday 8 Oct. 10 am Amphi Kjell Johnsen, 30-7-018 Meyrin   Overview of the topics to be discussed Recognition of Merit – MARS Outcome of last exercise 2007 to 2013: lessons learned Survey: five-yearly review, give us your opinion General information CVI 2014 Voluntary programmes (PRP, SLS) Elections 2013 Renewal of the Staff Council 2014 - 2015  

  8. Public lighting.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, D.A.

    1986-01-01

    The function of public lighting and the relationship between public lighting and accidents are considered briefly as aspects of effective countermeasures. Research needs and recent developments in installation and operational described. Public lighting is an efficient accident countermeasure, but

  9. A Discussion with Jacques Derrida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derrida, Jacques

    1990-01-01

    Presents an edited transcript of a discussion held in April 1989 between Jacques Derrida and a group of students and professors concerning Derrida's "Afterword: Toward an Ethic of Discussion." Discusses Derrida's views on "deconstruction" as a term and a movement, the idea of arguments and persuasion, and specific power…

  10. mkt607 all week discussions latest 2015 [ all 16 discussions

    OpenAIRE

    Laynebaril

    2017-01-01

    mkt607 all week discussions latest 2015 [ all 16 discussions] Click Link Below To Buy:   http://hwcampus.com/shop/mkt607-all-week-discussions/   week 1   What are the components of a common marketing plan? Why is it important have a strategic marketing plan? How does the type of product or service affect the marketing strategy? Provide an example.       diss 2 What are the aspects of marketing management? How has the marketing management proc...

  11. Speak Up! Public Speaking for Libraries

    OpenAIRE

    Felkar, Sarah; Mallette, Michelle; Meunier, Shanna

    2010-01-01

    Learn about public speaking for libraries in a session that is fun, friendly and not intimidating (as public speaking often can be). The speakers will discuss how public speaking is often an important part of working in a library.

  12. Constituting Public Engagement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davies, Sarah Rachael

    2013-01-01

    This article uses data from two U.K. studies in order to explore the meanings attached to public engagement. It focuses on two issues of importance to contemporary discussions of science communication: the degree to which there has been a smooth transition, in practice, from models of public unde...... backgrounds, suggesting that multiple and overlapping meanings around PEST are derived from particular histories that have been brought together, through the rubric of public engagement, in assemblages such as the Beacons. © 2013 SAGE Publications....

  13. Public Undertakings and Imputability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ølykke, Grith Skovgaard

    2013-01-01

    in Article 107(1) TFEU is analysed. It is concluded that where the public undertaking transgresses the control system put in place by the State, conditions for imputability are not fulfilled, and it is argued that in the current state of law, there is no conditional link between the level of control...... that this is not the case. Lastly, it is discussed whether other legal instruments, namely competition law, public procurement law, or the Transparency Directive, regulate public undertakings’ market behaviour. It is found that those rules are not sufficient to mend the gap created by the imputability requirement. Legal......In this article, the issue of impuability to the State of public undertakings’ decision-making is analysed and discussed in the context of the DSBFirst case. DSBFirst is owned by the independent public undertaking DSB and the private undertaking FirstGroup plc and won the contracts in the 2008...

  14. Public Broadcasting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shooshan, Harry M.; Arnheim, Louise

    This paper, the second in a series exploring future options for public policy in the communications and information arenas, examines some of the issues underlying public broadcasting, primarily public television. It advances two reasons why quality local public television programming is scarce: funds for the original production of programming have…

  15. Conversational Markers of Constructive Discussions

    CERN Document Server

    Niculae, Vlad

    2016-01-01

    Group discussions are essential for organizing every aspect of modern life, from faculty meetings to senate debates, from grant review panels to papal conclaves. While costly in terms of time and organization effort, group discussions are commonly seen as a way of reaching better decisions compared to solutions that do not require coordination between the individuals (e.g. voting)---through discussion, the sum becomes greater than the parts. However, this assumption is not irrefutable: anecdotal evidence of wasteful discussions abounds, and in our own experiments we find that over 30% of discussions are unproductive. We propose a framework for analyzing conversational dynamics in order to determine whether a given task-oriented discussion is worth having or not. We exploit conversational patterns reflecting the flow of ideas and the balance between the participants, as well as their linguistic choices. We apply this framework to conversations naturally occurring in an online collaborative world exploration ga...

  16. Behavioral Public Administration : Combining Insights from Public Administration and Psychology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grimmelikhuijsen, S.G.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/313875405; Jilke, Sebastian; Leth Olsen, Asmus; Tummers, L.G.

    2016-01-01

    Behavioral public administration is the analysis of public administration from the micro-perspective of individual behavior and attitudes by drawing upon insights from psychology on behavior of individuals and groups. We discuss how scholars in public administration currently draw on theories and

  17. Behavioral Public Administration : Combining Insights from Public Administration and Psychology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grimmelikhuijsen, S.G.; Jilke, Sebastian; Leth Olsen, Asmus; Tummers, L.G.

    2016-01-01

    Behavioral public administration is the analysis of public administration from the micro-perspective of individual behavior and attitudes by drawing upon insights from psychology on behavior of individuals and groups. We discuss how scholars in public administration currently draw on theories and me

  18. 基于合作理论的高职公共基础课程“翻转课堂”教学模式探讨%Discussion on the “Flipped Classroom” Teaching Mode for Public Basic Courses of Higher Vocational Colleges Based on the Theory of Cooperative Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊玉国

    2016-01-01

    With the development and popularization of the information technology, the“Flipped Classroom”teaching mode is paid more attention by Higher Vocational Colleges. This paper is to combine the Theory of Cooperative Learning and the teaching theory of“Flipped Classroom”, and apply them into the teaching practice of higher vocational public basic courses, to build up a“flipped classroom”teaching mode based on cooperative learning in higher vocational colleges. This teaching mode includes learning situation analysis, cooperation team establishing, goal orienting, pre-class learning, classroom internalization and post-class evaluation, feedback, discussion summary, etc.%随着信息化教学技术的发展与普及,“翻转课堂”教学模式越来越受到高职院校的重视。将合作学习理论和翻转课堂教学理论相融合,应用到高职公共基础课程的教学实践中,构建基于合作学习的高职基础课程“翻转课堂”教学模式。此模式包括学情分析、组建合作小组、目标定向、课前学习、课堂内化和课后评价、反馈、研讨总结等环节。

  19. Acquiring Knowledge from Asynchronous Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Yiong Hwee; Webster, Len

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses a study which was designed to explore how online scaffolding can be incorporated to support knowledge acquisition in asynchronous discussion. A group of Singapore preservice teachers engaged in collaborative critiquing of videos before they embarked on their video projects to illustrate what constitutes good and bad video…

  20. Publications in psychology: French issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FRANK ARNOULD

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the situation of psychology publications in France, in particular, the visibility of French research through journals and bibliographic databases; the role of publications for the evalua-tion of researchers and laboratories, and the contribution of French psychologists to a national publica-tions archiving platform.

  1. Internationalizing the Public Relations Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Maureen

    2001-01-01

    Discusses broadening public relations to an international level by incorporating the topics of culture, international practices, and culturally sensitive theory development. Discusses rationale, design, and execution of an undergraduate course in international public relations. Suggests ways to incorporate assignments addressing international…

  2. Brief Discussion on Studying Abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵语晨

    2012-01-01

      Both studying abroad and distance learning have aroused wide public concern. The education system is different in the world. This paper presents the differences and similarities between Chinese and American education systems via comparison. From the long-term point of view, which is the education really ought to be about?

  3. Small group discussion: Students perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annamalai, Nachal; Manivel, Rajajeyakumar; Palanisamy, Rajendran

    2015-08-01

    Various alternative methods are being used in many medical colleges to reinforce didactic lectures in physiology. Small group teaching can take on a variety of different tasks such as problem-solving, role play, discussions, brainstorming, and debate. Research has demonstrated that group discussion promotes greater synthesis and retention of materials. The aims of this study were to adopt a problem-solving approach by relating basic sciences with the clinical scenario through self-learning. To develop soft skills, to understand principles of group dynamics, and adopt a new teaching learning methodology. Experimental study design was conducted in Phase I 1(st) year medical students of 2014-2015 batch (n = 120). On the day of the session, the students were grouped into small groups (15 each). The session started with the facilitator starting off the discussion. Feedback forms from five students in each group was taken (n = 40). A five point Likert scale was used ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Our results show that 70% of the students opined that small group discussion were interactive, friendly, innovative, built interaction between teacher and student. Small group discussion increased their thought process and helped them in better communication. The small group discussion was interactive, friendly, and bridged the gap between the teacher and student. The student's communication skills are also improved. In conclusion, small group discussion is more effective than the traditional teaching methods.

  4. Discussion on "Methodology for Building Envelope Trade-off Option" in Promotional Teaching Material of Design Standard for Energy Efficiency of Public Buildings%对《公共建筑节能设计标准宣贯辅导教材》中“围护结构热工性能权衡判断法”的一点商榷

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩学廷; 朱建章; 李国富

    2012-01-01

    The building envelope trade-off option is realized by comparing the annual heating and air-conditioning energy consumption of design building and reference building through calculation, so as to judge whether the overall thermal performance of building envelope is standard, and determine the thermal energy efficiency parameters of the design building. During the calculation of energy consumption, the equipment energy efficiency ratio of heating and air-conditioning system adopted by the design building and reference building shall be the same. However, in Promotional Teaching Material of Design Standard for Energy Efficiency of Public Buildings, some equipment energy efficiency ratios were higher than the compulsory values in Standard for Energy Efficiency of Public Buildings(GB 50189-2005) .which was conflict with the process for determining the building thermal limited indexes in the compulsory method. In this paper,this issue was analyzed and discussed.%围护结构热工性能权衡判断是通过计算比较设计建筑和参照建筑的全年采暖空调能耗,以判定围护结构的总体热工性能是否达标,从而确定设计建筑的热工节能参数.在计算能耗时,设计建筑和参照建筑两者所用的采暖空调设备能效比应当相同.但是,《公共建筑节能设计标准宣贯辅导教材》中却有几处要求设计建筑采用的设备能效比要高于《公共建筑节能设计标准》( GB 50189-2005)中的规定值,这与在规定性方法中确定建筑热工指标限值的做法有所混淆.本文就这一问题进行了分析和讨论.

  5. CERN in discussions with its neighbours

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    CERN recently invited local partners, elected representatives, and representatives of local administrations and associations to an information and discussion evening, giving those invited an opportunity to raise various topics linked to CERN’s presence in the local area. On Tuesday, 20 October the Globe of Science and Innovation took on a distinctly regional flavour when some 60 representatives of local administrations and public bodies in Switzerland and France as well as teachers, heads of local schools and chairs of local associations attended an information and discussion evening at the invitation of the Director-General. In his opening address, the Director-General underlined CERN’s commitment to transparency and the desire to enhance its communication with the local community. This address was followed by four presentations. Philippe Bloch, head of the Physics Department, explained the scientific goals of the LHC and the L...

  6. Socrates, discussion and moral education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rembert, Ron B.

    1995-01-01

    For Socrates, as he appears in Plato's dialogues, the process of discussion is essential for preparing human beings to lead a moral life. Only through discussion, Socrates maintains, can we be led to an understanding of such concepts as wisdom, courage and justice. The author of this article believes that the Socratic notion of the moral value of discussion is still valid. In support of this view, he examines two recent works: Dialogues on Moral Education by John Wilson and Barbara Cowell, and Moral Education, Secular and Religious by John L. Elias. Finally, the author suggests how the Socratic concept of dialogue might be used in moral education today.

  7. Public Schools

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This Public Schools feature dataset is composed of all Public elementary and secondary education in the United States as defined by the Common Core of Data, National...

  8. Group discussion improves lie detection

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nadav Klein; Nicholas Epley

    2015-01-01

    ... identify when a person is lying. These experiments demonstrate that the group advantage in lie detection comes through the process of group discussion, and is not a product of aggregating individual opinions...

  9. Discussion of "interpretation and play".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pick, Irma Brenman

    2011-01-01

    This discussion addresses the conflict in technique between play versus interpretation. It further considers how the nature of the interpretation may be affected by a consideration of what is being projected into the analyst.

  10. Discussion-Induced Attitude Polarization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, David G.

    1975-01-01

    Two experiments examined the hypothesis that the average of group members' responses following group discussion will generally be more extreme in the same direction as the average of individual pregroup preferences. (Author/MLF)

  11. Public meeting

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    Last Monday at 9 a.m. the Council Chamber was full, with several people standing, for the public meeting of the Staff Association. Simultaneously, many of our colleagues followed the presentations in the Amphitheatre in Prévessin. We would like to thank all of you for the interest you have shown and for your feedback. In the introduction we explained how the Staff Association represents the staff in its discussions with Management and Member States, and how the staff itself defined, by its participation in the 2013 staff survey, the priority assigned to various points related to the employment conditions. The position of the Staff Association regarding the new contract policy, to be implemented as of 31 March 2015 after approval by Council, was stated. Then, in the framework of the 2015 five-yearly review, the general approach that we would like to see for the new career structure, was explained. Concerning diversity, based on what we know about the situation in other international organiza...

  12. Public lighting.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2011-01-01

    Visual perception is very important for road users and in the dark it can be facilitated by public lighting. Public lighting has a mostly positive road safety effect. Installing public lighting on roads that were previously unlit generally results in fewer and less serious crashes. This effect seems

  13. The Educational Park in New York City. Concept for Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY.

    A study outline plan for three different kinds of educational parks--(1) the horizontal type, (2) the vertical type, and (3) the pyramid type is presented. Each is discussed, not as definitive proposals, but rather as a basis for study and discussion. The study was written in the hope that it will stimulate public and professional discussion…

  14. Motivating a Productive Discussion of Normative Issues through Debates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennessey, Jessica

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the author presents a way of using in-class debates to discuss contentious issues and help students develop critical thinking skills. Three elements were incorporated into an undergraduate public finance course: a presentation of ethical approaches in order to formally discuss normative issues, class debates which required…

  15. LGBT Roundtable Discussion: Meet-up and Mentoring Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    The LGBT+ Physicists group welcomes those who identify as gender sexual minorities, as LGBTQQIAAP+, or as allies to participate in a round-table discussion on mentoring physicists. The session will provide an opportunity to learn and discuss successful mentoring strategies at different career stages for physicists in all environments, including academia, industry, etc. Attendees are encouraged to attend a social event to follow the panel to continue to network. Allies are especially welcome at this event to learn how to support and mentor LGBT+ physicists.

  16. uality evaluation of the consulting service of small- and medium- sized enterprises:a discussion based on the DRS of public library%中小企业的咨询服务质量研究——基于公共图书馆DRS的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧亮; 万慕晨

    2012-01-01

    To elevate the consulting service quality of small-and medium-sized enterprises(SMSE) is the key to the healthy development of national economy in the circumstances of limited manpower,property and resources.Index system and quality control are very important to improve the consulting service quality.On the basis of discussing the possibility and practicality that the government entrusts the public library with free consulting service to small-and medium-sized enterprises under the digital network information environment,this paper presents the strategies for constructing the quality index system which enables the government to supervise enterprises’ consulting service quality and designs the service control based on this system.%在有限的人财物支付情况下提高中小企业信息咨询服务的质量,是国民经济健康发展的关键。咨询服务质量指标体系的建立及咨询服务质量控制对咨询服务质量的提高至关重要。本论文探讨了在数字化网络化信息环境下政府委托公共图书馆对中小企业进行免费咨询服务的可能性与现实性,为政府有效监控咨询服务质量建立了质量指标体系并基于质量指标体系设计了服务质量控制措施。

  17. [SENTIERI Project: discussion and conclusions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirastu, Roberta; Ricci, Paolo; Comba, Pietro; Bianchi, Fabrizio; Biggeri, Annibale; Conti, Susanna; Fazzo, Lucia; Forastiere, Francesco; Iavarone, Ivano; Martuzzi, Marco; Musmeci, Loredana; Pasetto, Roberto; Zona, Amerigo; Crocetti, Emanuele

    2014-01-01

    The SENTIERI Project represents the first comprehensive analysis of the health impact of residence in National Priority Contaminated Sites (NPCSs). For the first time, it considers three distinct health outcomes: mortality (2003-2010), cancer incidence (1996- 2005) and hospital discharges (2005-2010). The Report includes a commentary explaining methodology and approach, as well as remarks on the causal association between environmental exposures and investigated health outcomes based on the a priori assessments of the epidemiological evidence; the main implications for public health and scientific research priorities are also presented. The approach put forward by SENTIERI was among those sanctioned by the World Health Organization to conduct an initial description of the health status of residents of contaminated sites. Results relating to individual diseases that can be traced back to a single agent, such as asbestiform fibres, can be easily analysed. The Biancavilla NPCS (where the fluoro-edenite asbestiform fibre was found) displays excesses of pleural mesothelioma and its proxy, malignant pleural tumours, as does Priolo, where asbestos coexists with other pollutants. Increased risk was also recorded in NPCSs adjacent to the coast hosting harbour areas (such as Trieste, Taranto and Venice) or comprising industrial areas specialising in the production of chemicals (Laguna di Grado e Marano, Priolo and Venezia) and steel (Taranto, Terni, Trieste). Increases of pathologies, such as cancer and respiratory diseases, connected to more than one agent, in industrial sites with multiple and diverse sources of exposures, prove harder to interpret. There are also more complex cases in which results do not appear consistent in the three databases or by gender (such as lung cancer in Venice, where mortality and hospital discharges have only increased among women). In order to adequately examine these we must consider factors such as the appropriateness of the health outcome

  18. Speed-Discussion: Engaging Students in Class Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kornfield, Sarah; Noack, Kristen

    2017-01-01

    Courses: Communication Criticism, Rhetorical Criticism, Family and Communication, Gender and Communication, Popular Communication, and theory-based courses. Objectives: This activity engages students in dynamic, supportive, social discussion groups; helps them to identify and review the central ideas from the reading; and creates a record of their…

  19. [Epidemiology and public policies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barata, Rita Barradas

    2013-03-01

    The present essay deals with the relation between epidemiology and public policies, highlighting the epidemiology position in the public health field, analyzing the impact of public policies over epidemiological profile and contributions from epidemiology to the lay down, implementation and evaluation of public health policies. In the first title, the essay debates the links between the epidemiology and public health field, the social determinants and political action framework proposed by the WHO's Commission on Social Determinants of Health, and different approaches of health policies. In the second title the essay analyses the reduction of child stunting in Brazil as an example of public policies that impact epidemiological profile. The third title presents three strategic topics for the application of public health policies: reduction of social inequalities in health, health promotion and regulation of products and services that have impact over health. The fourth title discusses the possibilities and difficulties to combine the epidemiological knowledge in the lay down, implementation and evaluation of public policies and, finally, material examples of such relation between epidemiology and public policies are presented.

  20. Implementing public employment policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Flemming; Bredgaard, Thomas

    disciplining of the unemployed (work first) (cf.Bredgaard & Larsen, 2005; Sol & Westerweld, 2005). It is, however, remarkable that in the research field there seems to be a division of labour so that changes in public administration and changes in the substance of employment policies are dealt with separately...... an intended policy shift, there seems to be very little public discussion about them. Far-reaching policy changes become politically invisible and de-politicized. Our empirical case is the contracting out of the public employment services in Australia, the Netherlands and Denmark. The main question is what...... happens to public employment policies when they are contracted out to various non-public (for-profit and non-profit) agencies. The data consist of in-depth interviews with key respondents in the three countries, observations at service delivery agencies, and desk studies of existing research....

  1. Public health ethics: informing better public health practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Stacy M; Kerridge, Ian; Sainsbury, Peter; Letts, Julie K

    2012-01-01

    Public health ethics has emerged and grown as an independent discipline over the last decade. It involves using ethical theory and empirical analyses to determine and justify the right thing to do in public health. In this paper, we distinguish public health ethics from clinical ethics, research ethics, public health law and politics. We then discuss issues in public health ethics including: how to weigh up the benefits, harms and costs of intervening; how to ensure that public health interventions produce fair outcomes; the potential for public health to undermine or promote the rights of citizens; and the significance of being transparent and inclusive in public health interventions. We conclude that the explicit and systematic consideration of ethical issues will, and should, become central to every public health worker's daily practice.

  2. Behavioral Public Administration: Combining Insights from Public Administration and Psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grimmelikhuijsen, Stephan; Jilke, Sebastian; Olsen, Asmus Leth

    2015-01-01

    We propose behavioral public administration as a designated subfield in public administration which explicitly deals with the integration of theories and methods from psychology into the study of public administration. We discuss how scholars in public administration currently draw on both......, behavioral public administration represents a two-way street in which public administration scholars use theories and methods from psychology, and psychologists, in turn, learn from our setting of political-administrative contexts to refine their theories and methods. Finally, we propose four principals...... methodological and theoretical innovations in psychology and point to research questions in public administration which could benefit from further integration. Behavioral public administration cannot, and should not, replace ‘conventional’ public administration, but it is complementary to it. Importantly...

  3. Public Sector and Europeanization Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucica Matei

    2006-02-01

    Accepting the market-type mechanisms instead of bureaucratic mechanisms, meaning not the simple provision of public services but the creation of some governmental “actors”, functioning completely on commercial bases, supporting the development of the partnerships between the public and private sector, introducing privatisation is achieved in view of creating “the facilitating state”. We discuss about “facilities” such as citizens and society involvement in public businesses, making public administration more citizen-friendly and the state closer to the public need. The citizens’ involvement, as customers in the flow of the public service contributes to creating an organic ensemble characterised by two fundamental dimensions: level and type of influence of the customers and the private-public dichotomy. Synthesising, the relationships and market mechanisms enable to the public sector to get closer to the public needs and to create a modern administration based on efficiency, effectiveness and openness towards change.

  4. Another Discussion about Academic Corruption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Changgeng, Li

    2007-01-01

    Academic corruption is a commonplace matter about which all people are clearly aware. However, people often overlook many hidden or latent manifestations of academic corruption. This article discusses eight of these manifestations: indiscriminate use of the academic team spirit, the proliferation of "word games," deliberate attacks on…

  5. Mathematical Induction: A Pedagogical Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernest, Paul

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the nature of mathematical induction and what constitutes a correct proof by this method and common misconceptions of induction with recommendations for their remediation. The topic is also analyzed into behavioral skills and subjected to a conceptual analysis. Criteria for analyzing and evaluating textbook treatment of induction are…

  6. Learning through synchronous electronic discussion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kanselaar, G.; Veerman, A.L.; Andriessen, J.E.B.

    2000-01-01

    This article reports a study examining university student pairs carrying out an electronic discussion task in a synchronous computer mediated communication (CMC) system (NetMeeting). The purpose of the assignment was to raise students' awareness concerning conceptions that characterise effective ped

  7. Another Discussion about Academic Corruption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Changgeng, Li

    2007-01-01

    Academic corruption is a commonplace matter about which all people are clearly aware. However, people often overlook many hidden or latent manifestations of academic corruption. This article discusses eight of these manifestations: indiscriminate use of the academic team spirit, the proliferation of "word games," deliberate attacks on others to…

  8. Five Discussions on Postsecondary Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jobe, E. R., Ed.

    Topics discussed are: (1) student aid and access to postsecondary education (Jack L. Woodward); (2) values in athletics (Grant Dungee); (3) some considerations in planning for postsecondary education (Paul G. Orr); (4) the open university as a challenge for postsecondary education in Mississippi (Cleopatra D. Thompson); and (5) comprehensive…

  9. Public History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Gouveia de Oliveira Rovai

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como proposta apresentar o conceito e as práticas de História Pública como um novo posicionamento da ciência histórica em diálogo com profissionais da comunicação, no sentido de produzir e divulgar as experiências humanas. Para isso, discute-se a origem do conceito de História Pública e as diferentes formas de educação histórica que a utilização das novas tecnologias podem proporcionar (dentre elas a internet. Nesse sentido, convida-se o leitor para a reflexão sobre as possibilidades de publicização e de democratização do conhecimento histórico e da cultura, ampliando-se a oportunidade de produção, de divulgação e de acesso do público a diferentes formas experiências no tempo. O artigo também intenciona chamar atenção dos profissionais que lidam com a História e com a Comunicação para os perigos de produções exclusivamente submetidas ao mercado que transformam a popularização da História no reforço de estigmas culturais.   PALAVRAS-CHAVE: História Pública; Educação histórica e Comunicação; democratização e estigmatização.     ABSTRACT This article aims to present the concept and practices of Public History as a new positioning of historical science in dialogue with communication professionals, in the sense of producing and disseminating human experiences. For this, the origin of the concept of Public History and the different forms of historical education that the use of the new technologies can provide (among them the Internet is discussed. In this sense, the reader is invited to reflect on the possibilities of publicizing and democratizing historical knowledge and culture, expanding the opportunity for production, dissemination and public access to different forms of experience in time. The article also intends to draw attention from professionals dealing with History and Communication to the dangers of exclusively commercialized productions that transform the popularization

  10. Group discussion improves lie detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Nadav; Epley, Nicholas

    2015-06-16

    Groups of individuals can sometimes make more accurate judgments than the average individual could make alone. We tested whether this group advantage extends to lie detection, an exceptionally challenging judgment with accuracy rates rarely exceeding chance. In four experiments, we find that groups are consistently more accurate than individuals in distinguishing truths from lies, an effect that comes primarily from an increased ability to correctly identify when a person is lying. These experiments demonstrate that the group advantage in lie detection comes through the process of group discussion, and is not a product of aggregating individual opinions (a "wisdom-of-crowds" effect) or of altering response biases (such as reducing the "truth bias"). Interventions to improve lie detection typically focus on improving individual judgment, a costly and generally ineffective endeavor. Our findings suggest a cheap and simple synergistic approach of enabling group discussion before rendering a judgment.

  11. Discussion boards: boring no more!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adelman, Deborah S; Nogueras, Debra J

    2013-01-01

    Creating discussion boards (DBs) that capture student imaginations and contain meaningful interactions can be a difficult process. Traditional DBs use a question-and-answer format that often is boring for both the student and instructor. The authors present creative approaches to DBs that result in lively debates and student-to-student and student-to-faculty interactions, including role playing, blogging, wikis, and the use of voice.

  12. What Were the Deputies Discussing?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    IN the last five years, since the Seventh Chinese Women’s National Congress, the women’s movement of China has developed vigorously. For the purposes of moving the women’s cause into the next century, the Eighth Chinese Women’s National Congress recently convened in Beijing to hold wideranging discussions on women’s issues. More than one thousand deputies came from different nationalities and social

  13. Discussions on Hypnosis and Schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haley, Jay

    2015-01-01

    A classic paper in intellect and argument, this article contains a transcript of a conversation between Jay Haley, John Weakland, and Milton Erickson as they discuss the role of communication in hypnosis and schizophrenia. In 1955, schizophrenia was considered primarily a psychological disorder. Whereas today schizophrenia is mostly considered a biological disorder, this very early, unpublished paper still gives much food for thought and a further glimpse into Haley and Erickson's thinking and intellect at a fervent time in schizophrenia research.

  14. Publishing corruption discussion: predatory journalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, James W; McCullough, Laurence B

    2014-02-01

    Dr Spock is a brilliant young vascular surgeon who is up for tenure next year. He has been warned by the chair of surgery that he needs to increase his list of publications to assure passage. He has recently had a paper reviewed by one of the top journals in his specialty, Journal X-special, with several suggestions for revision. He received an e-mail request for manuscript submission from a newly minted, open access, Journal of Vascular Disease Therapy, which promises a quick and likely favorable response for a fee. What should be done? A. Send the paper to another peer reviewed journal with the suggested revisions. B. Resubmit the paper to Journal X-special. C. Submit to the online journal as is to save time. D. Submit to the online journal and another regular journal. E. Look for another job. Copyright © 2014 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Public health law research: exploring law in public health systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, Jennifer K; Burris, Scott; Hays, Scott

    2012-11-01

    The importance of law in the organization and operation of public health systems has long been a matter of interest to public health lawyers and practitioners, but empirical research on law as a factor in health system performance has been limited in quantity and sophistication. The emergence of Public Health Law Research and Public Health Systems and Services Research within a coordinated effort to strengthen public health research and practice has dramatically changed matters. This article introduces Public Health Law Research as an integral part of Public Health Systems and Services Research, discusses the challenges of integrating the 2 fields, and highlights 2 examples of current research that demonstrate the benefits of an integrated approach to improve the use of law in public health practice.

  16. Public Reason Renaturalized

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønder, Lars

    2014-01-01

    it is mobilized in a world of deep pluralism. The article concludes with a discussion of how a renaturalized conception of public reason might change the positioning of contemporary democratic theory vis-a-vis the struggle for empowerment and pluralization in an age of neo-liberalism and state-surveillance....

  17. Censorship in Public Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biggins, Barbara; Handsley, Elizabeth

    This paper discusses the legal obligations owed by librarians to the users of their facilities, focusing on the viewing of pornography on the Internet in the public library. The meanings commonly ascribed to the word censorship are presented. Australian federal law that governs the classification of films, videos, computer games, and publications…

  18. Teaching Mediated Public Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kent, Michael L.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses approaches to teaching a mediated public relations course, emphasizing the World Wide Web. Outlines five course objectives, assignments and activities, evaluation, texts, and lecture topics. Argues that students mastering these course objectives will understand ethical issues relating to media use, using mediated technology in public…

  19. Public Reason Renaturalized

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønder, Lars

    2014-01-01

    This article takes up recent discussions of nature and the sensorium in order to rethink public reason in deeply divided societies. The aim is not to reject the role of reason-giving but rather to infuse it with new meaning, bringing the reasonable back to its sensorially inflected circumstances....

  20. Public Knowledge Cultures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.; Besley, A. C.

    2006-01-01

    This article first reviews claims for the knowledge economy in terms of excludability, rivalry, and transparency indicating the way that digital goods behave differently from other commodities. In the second section it discusses the theory of "public knowledge cultures" starting from the primacy of practice based on Marx, Wittgenstein and…

  1. The nuclear power discussion in change. Nuclear controversy has shifted

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt-Kuester, Wolf J.; Popp, Manfred

    2015-07-15

    The public discussion on nuclear energy is not focused on power plant safety anymore. A globally good safety statistic and years of information activity on safety technology provided progress, even though all incidents are still discussed with great dedication. Nevertheless the field of disposal receives more prominence in public discussions since 1976; reprocessing of irradiated fuels and storage of nuclear waste follow the topic of nuclear power plants with temporary shift. During a long preparation time technical and operational know-how was gathered for both fields that is now available for use on large technical scale. For the entire disposal complex exists a comprehensive concept prepared by the federal government, which has to be put into practice together with the industry. The priority assignment for a dialogue with the public is to comprehensively inform on extend and quality of problem solutions and to highlight that even here the safety of the biological-cycle is the guiding principle for all considerations.

  2. Investigating the long-term evolution of subtropical ozone profiles applying ground-based FTIR spectrometry [Discussion paper

    OpenAIRE

    García, O.E.; Schneider, M; A. Redondas; Y. González; Hase, F.; Blumenstock, T.; Sepúlveda, E.

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the long-term evolution of subtropical ozone profile time series (1999–2010) obtained from different ground-based FTIR (Fourier Transform InfraRed) retrieval setups. We examine the influence of an additional temperature retrieval and different constraints. The study is performed at the Izaña Observatory ozone super-site (Tenerife Island, Spain). The FTIR system is able to resolve four independent ozone layers with a theoretical precision of better than 7.5% in the troposphere, ...

  3. Publicity and Egalitarian Justice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lippert-Rasmussen, Kasper

    2008-01-01

    Recently, the issue of publicity has surfaced in discussions of the correct interpretation of the Rawlsian principles of justice. In an intriguing critique of G.A. Cohen's preferred interpretation of the difference principle as a principle that is incompatible with incentive-based inequalities......, Andrew Williams points to a gap in Cohen's argument, alleging that Cohen's interpretation of the difference principle is unlikely to be compatible with the Rawlsian endorsement of publicity. Having explored a possible extrapolation of Cohen's critique to aggregate consumer choices and a resulting...... extension of Williams's charge that the difference principle, on Cohen's reading, fails to meet the publicity constraint because of its informational demandingness, I defend three claims: (a) it is doubtful that Rawls endorses a publicity constraint of the sort that would rule out Cohen's interpretation...

  4. Implementing public employment policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Flemming; Bredgaard, Thomas

    disciplining of the unemployed (work first) (cf.Bredgaard & Larsen, 2005; Sol & Westerweld, 2005). It is, however, remarkable that in the research field there seems to be a division of labour so that changes in public administration and changes in the substance of employment policies are dealt with separately....... But there is an interesting question to investigate here: whether and if so how, NPM-inspired reforms are related to changes in employment policy towards a work-first approach? Are changes in public management systems created as deliberate policy changes, or do they bring about more indirect and unintended policy changes...... an intended policy shift, there seems to be very little public discussion about them. Far-reaching policy changes become politically invisible and de-politicized. Our empirical case is the contracting out of the public employment services in Australia, the Netherlands and Denmark. The main question is what...

  5. Some discussions on Arctic vortex

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Hai; Sun Lantao; Wu Huiding; Li Xiang

    2006-01-01

    The Arctic vortex is a persistent large-scale cyclonic circulation in the middle and upper troposphere and the stratosphere. Its activity and variation control the semi-permanent active centers of Pan-Arctic and the short-time cyclone activity in the subarctic areas. Its strength variation, which directly relates to the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice and ecosystem of the Arctic, can affect the lower atmospheric circulation, the weather of subarctic area and even the weather of middle latitude areas. The 2003 Chinese Second Arctic Research Expedition experienced the transition of the stratosphereic circulation from a warm anticyclone to a cold cyclone during the ending period of Arctic summertime, a typical establishing process of the polar vortex circulation. The impact of the polar vortex variation on the low-level circulation has been investigated by some scientists through studying the coupling mechanisms of the stratosphere and troposphere. The impact of the Stratospheric Sudden Warming (SFW) events on the polar vortex variation was drawing people's great attention in the fifties of the last century. The Arctic Oscillation (AO) , relating to the variation of the Arctic vortex, has been used to study the impact of the Arctic vortex on climate change. The recent Arctic vortex studies are simply reviewed and some discussions on the Arctic vertex are given in the paper. Some different views and questions are also discussed.

  6. Homoeopathy: Discussion on scientific validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lex Rutten

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There are diverging opinions about scientific evidence for Homoeopathy, but evidence for conventional medicine is not perfect either. In fact, proof for Homoeopathy is not inferior to conventional. However, the evidence for Homoeopathy has been downplayed by selection of trials (cherry-picking. The effect of Homoeopathy in randomized controlled trials (RCTs, however, is small due to many ineffective prescriptions. This is caused by shortcomings of our Materia Medica and Repertories. Discussion: The hegemony of the RCT is increasingly questioned; it does not provide all answers, especially not for the individual patient. The individual patient wants to know his individual prognosis: Will this medicine work for him? This is even more important than his individual diagnosis. It is possible to assess prognosis scientifically the same way as diagnosis. Prognostic research is based on daily practice; practitioners should have knowledge about statistics to fulfill their role in this process. Conclusion: The discussion in this paper elucidates that RCT has its limitations, especially for the patient whose main concern is recovery/prognosis. Drug validation is a key to improve the outcome of clinical practice in Homoeopathy.

  7. Comparison of outcomes for cancer patients discussed and not discussed at a multidisciplinary meeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, M J; Matheson, L; Garrard, B; Maher, B; Cowdery, S; Luo, W; Reed, M; Riches, S; Pitson, G; Ashley, D M

    2017-08-01

    Comparison of outcomes for cancer patients discussed and not discussed at a multidisciplinary meeting (MDM). Retrospective analysis of the association of MDM discussion with survival. All newly diagnosed cancer patients from 2009 to 2012, presenting to a large regional cancer service in South West Victoria, Australia (620 colorectal, 657 breast, 593 lung and 511 haematological) were recorded and followed up to 5 years after diagnosis. Treatment patterns and survival of patients whose treatment was discussed at an MDM compared to those who were not, were explored. The proportion of patients presented to an MDM within 60 days after diagnosis was 56% (n = 366) for breast cancer, 59% (n = 363) for colorectal cancer, 27% (n = 137) for haematological malignancies and 60% (n = 355) for lung cancer. Seventy-three percent (n = 886) of patients discussed at an MDM had their tumour stage recorded in their medical records while only 52% (n = 604) of patients not discussed had their tumour stage recorded (P HR] 0.62, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.50-0.76, P HR 0.58, 95% CI 0.35-0.96, P = 0.03) compared to patients whose cases were not discussed at an MDM after adjusting for the potential cofounders of age, stage, comorbidities and treatment. This was not the case for colorectal and breast cancer patients where there was no significant difference. MDM discussion has been recommended as best practice in the management of cancer patients, however, from a public health perspective this creates potential issues around access and resources. It is likely that MDM presentation patterns and outcomes across tumour streams are linked in complex ways. We believe that our data would demonstrate that these patterns differ across tumour streams and that more detailed work is required to better allocate relatively scarce and potentially costly MDM resources to tumour streams and patient groups that may get the most benefit. Copyright © 2017 The Royal Society for Public Health

  8. Public opinion on public services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evelien Eggink; Debbie Verbeek-Oudijk; Evert Pommer

    2013-01-01

    Original titel: Burgers over de kwaliteit van publieke diensten Most citizens come into contact with public services, for example as a patient, as a student or pupil, as a passenger on public transport or as a museum visitor. More and more importance is being attached to the quality of those service

  9. COINCO Strategy 2025 - Discussion Paper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Per Homann; Jensen, Anne; Stroschein, Christoph

    companies in the corridor, attracting innovative international companies, and supporting the creation of new knowledge intensive businesses is thus at the core of the strategy. New areas of collaboration will have to be identified systematically. Cooperation among COINCO businesses have...... The regions and cities in the COINCO-corridor Oslo-Göteborg-Malmö-Copenhagen-Berlin have worked out a strategy proposal which is presented in this discussion paper. Behind the strategy is a political will to utilize mutual strengths and together become a leading player in a globalized world, based...... on common cultural, social and environmental values. The strategy comprises of a vision and more detailed aims and actions within three different areas: Corridor infrastructure, Innovation and Cooperation. In this way, the COINCO partners want to establish a political platform for transborder collaboration...

  10. Discussing epigenetics in Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    With the goal of discussing how epigenetic control and chromatin remodeling contribute to the various processes that lead to cellular plasticity and disease, this symposium marks the collaboration between the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) in France and the University of California, Irvine (UCI). Organized by Paolo Sassone-Corsi (UCI) and held at the Beckman Center of the National Academy of Sciences at the UCI campus December 15–16, 2011, this was the first of a series of international conferences on epigenetics dedicated to the scientific community in Southern California. The meeting also served as the official kick off for the newly formed Center for Epigenetics and Metabolism at the School of Medicine, UCI (http://cem.igb.uci.edu). PMID:22414797

  11. DISCUSSION METHODS: MODIFICATION AND TRANSFORMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbasova, A.A.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is about how to the importance of selecting the optimal methods of stimulation and motivation to learn. In modern conditions it is very important that the teacher gave the students ready knowledge, and pointed the way for the acquisition of knowledge, taught to acquire knowledge. This requires the selection of effective forms of language and literature work with texts of different types and styles of speech, listening, speaking. In this regard, special attention should be given lessons of speech development. There is a special group of methods to stimulate the development of communicative competence. Among them, and the method of discussion, which is increasingly being used in the classroom in the Russian language

  12. Archival description: a conceptual discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Paula Vital

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Contextualizes the activity of archival description in the processes of organization and representation of information. Objective: Features aimed at identifying the concept of archival description presented in scientific articles of Information Science. Methodology: It is a literature that employs techniques of content analysis. 9 examines scientific articles recovered Base Reference Data Journal Articles in Information Science (BRAPCI and International Basis Library and Information Science Abstracts (LISA, that meet the criteria. Results: Considers the concept of archival description in the literature of information science considered a form of representation of information through a process of analyzing, organizing and recording information. Information is represented by structure elements (support and means of access and elements of content and context. Conclusions: Highlights the paucity of studies that present a theoretical discussion about the theme and possible approaches to the areas of organization and representation of information.

  13. Psychology, psychologists, and public policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKnight, Katherine M; Sechrest, Lee; McKnight, Patrick E

    2005-01-01

    Evidence-based policy is being encouraged in all areas of public service ( Black 2001 ). Unprecedented federal legislation reflects a faith in science "as a force for improved public policy" ( Feuer et al. 2002 ). The objective of evidence-based policy is to use scientific research to drive decision making. Thus, the link between social science research and public policy seems to be a natural one. The purpose of this chapter is to address how psychological science in general, and clinical psychology in particular, can be of use to public policy makers. We discuss how psychological science can be relevant and applicable to informing policy, and we describe the role clinical scientists might play in generating, disseminating, and implementing that information. We also note distinct limitations on the usefulness of psychological research in driving public policy. We discuss some pitfalls and recommend areas where clinical psychology might best serve public policy.

  14. Discussion about Plaintiff Qualification for Civil Environmental Public Interest Litigation:Simple Analyses of "Environmental Protection Law Amendment(Draft)"%论公民环境民事公益诉讼原告资格--浅析《环境保护法修正案(草案)》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张树腾

    2014-01-01

    对环境民事公益诉讼的概念进行了界定,对公民个人享有环境公益诉讼原告的依据进行了分析,最后从公民个人享有环境民事公益诉讼原告资格的弊端方面提出了立法建议。%The concept of environmental civil public interest litigation is defined,the bases that citizen individual can enjoy be-ing a plaintiff of environmental public interest litigation are analyzed,and some legislative suggestions are put forward from the dis-advantages of citizen’s enjoying plaintiff qualification for environmental civil public interest litigation.

  15. Discuss relationship between public heath crisis and drug patent protection——from the system of drug patent term extension perspective%论药品专利保护与公共健康平衡——从药品专利期限延长制度的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱俊晨

    2012-01-01

      各国传染病暴发和公共健康危机的产生,引发了有关药品专利和公共健康直之间冲突的思考。本文从药品专利保护和公共健康危机之间的关系入手,分析药品专利期限延长制度。%  Public health crisis and the infectious diseases break out in different countyries,which bring us the thinking about medical patent and public health.This article analyzes the promotion of medical patent institution by analyze the relationship between medical patent and public health crisis.

  16. P3T: public policies and territory

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2012-01-01

    "P3T, Public Policies and Territory is promoted by Innovació i Consultoria en Polítiques Públiques and it aims to be means for research, reflection and discussion about the relation between public policy and territories...

  17. Public Sociology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    What is the role of sociology in society? How can - and should - sociology contribute with insights relevant and useful to the outside world? Is sociology attuned to accommodate the demands of the wider public and of surrounding society? Who benefits from the knowledge produced and provided...... by sociology? What are the social implications and cultural effects of the knowledge sociology provides and creates? All of these questions, and many others, concern and centre on sociology's relationship to the surrounding society, in short to the ‘public'. All of these questions - and many others...... irrelevance and introversion and the Charybdis of public relevancy and extroversion. But what does it mean to be a ‘public sociologist' in contemporary society and are there really any other ways of doing sociology? What are the requirements of sociologists in a social world increasingly informed and shaped...

  18. Miscellaneous Publications

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Late 19th century Weather Bureau publications and Congressional reports pertaining to weather. Set of Weather Bureau Snowfall Bulletins for Rocky Mountain states...

  19. Public Airports

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set is a vector point digital data structure that contains the locations of General Public Use Airports in the State of New Mexico. It only contains those...

  20. 土地征收的新公众参与边界讨论--基于台湾典型土地征收案例的分析%The Discussion on New Public Participation Boundary of Land Expropriation:Based on the Typical Case Study of Land Expropriation in Taiwan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王健; 张泽宇

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare the status of the public participation in land expropriation and its actual operation, to explore the construction of public participation mechanism and its operation boundary. Research methods: applying case study and theoretical approach of institutional economics and taking public participation of land expropriation in Taiwan as typical cases, we constructed a new boundary analysis framework of public participation, which is composed of subject border, rights border and means border. The results are that against the internal defects from the implementation process of public participation system, we explained the conflicts formation and evolution path of the existing public participation; and we put forward and specified the institutional analysis and assessment framework for new public participation system at the micro level. It is concluded that we need to establish stakeholder cooperation game decision-making mechanism in land expropriation process and create some flexible space for it so as to facilitate the multi-step improvement of public participation.%研究目的:分析比较公众参与在土地征收中的制度状态与实际操作,探讨土地征收程序中公众参与机制的构建与操作边界。研究方法:结合案例分析和制度经济学的理论方法,以台湾典型土地征收案中的公众参与为案例,建立由主体边界、权利边界、途径边界三要素组成的“新”公众参与边界分析框架。研究结果:结合公众参与制度在实际执行中的内生缺陷,解释现有公众参与机制下的冲突形成与演变路径,在微观层面提出并细化了新公众参与的制度分析评估框架。研究结论:制度化、可操作化土地征收的公众参与边界,建立利益相关者合作博弈决策机制,允许一定的弹性空间,有利于实现公共参与的阶梯式进步。

  1. Public diplomacy: Basic marketing issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radenović Rada

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Paper discuss the general features build in international activities known under term public diplomacy. Public diplomacy is not one-side process as well as strictly official but have a lot meanings - from economic to cultural. Linking up to economic side of the global national appearance, paper stressing an impact public diplomacy developed on the micro or company level. Some general remarks are mentioned in the case of Montenegro experience.

  2. To discuss illicit nuclear trafficking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balatsky, Galya I [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Severe, William R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wallace, Richard K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    The Illicit nuclear trafficking panel was conducted at the 4th Annual INMM workshop on Reducing the Risk from Radioactive and Nuclear Materials on February 2-3, 2010 in Washington DC. While the workshop occurred prior to the Nuclear Security Summit, April 12-13 2010 in Washington DC, some of the summit issues were raised during the workshop. The Communique of the Washington Nuclear Security Summit stated that 'Nuclear terrorism is one of the most challenging threats to international security, and strong nuclear security measures are the most effective means to prevent terrorists, criminals, or other unauthorized actors from acquiring nuclear materials.' The Illicit Trafficking panel is one means to strengthen nuclear security and cooperation at bilateral, regional and multilateral levels. Such a panel promotes nuclear security culture through technology development, human resources development, education and training. It is a tool which stresses the importance of international cooperation and coordination of assistance to improve efforts to prevent and respond to incidents of illicit nuclear trafficking. Illicit trafficking panel included representatives from US government, an international organization (IAEA), private industry and a non-governmental organization to discuss illicit nuclear trafficking issues. The focus of discussions was on best practices and challenges for addressing illicit nuclear trafficking. Terrorism connection. Workshop discussions pointed out the identification of terrorist connections with several trafficking incidents. Several trafficking cases involved real buyers (as opposed to undercover law enforcement agents) and there have been reports identifying individuals associated with terrorist organizations as prospective plutonium buyers. Some specific groups have been identified that consistently search for materials to buy on the black market, but no criminal groups were identified that specialize in nuclear materials or isotope

  3. Inefficiencies in public environmental services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jong, R.; Nentjes, A.; Wiersma, D.

    The paper discusses efficiency issues in the public provision of environmental services, in particular waste water treatment. It is shown that in the face of increasing, respectively decreasing returns to scale the zero profit constraint of a cost minimizing public firm induces underinvestment,

  4. EDI in the Public Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falch, Morten

    1998-01-01

    Introduction of EDI in the public administration is apriority for the Danish Government. EDI is both seen as a catlyst for development towards an information society ans as a means for more efficient use of scarce resources. EDI in the banking sector and the retail sector is reviewed, drivers...... and barriers discussed nad Danish public policy initiatieves assessed....

  5. Inefficiencies in public environmental services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jong, R.; Nentjes, A.; Wiersma, D.

    2000-01-01

    The paper discusses efficiency issues in the public provision of environmental services, in particular waste water treatment. It is shown that in the face of increasing, respectively decreasing returns to scale the zero profit constraint of a cost minimizing public firm induces underinvestment, resp

  6. Discussion on the Intrinsic Motivation System of the Public Servant Training in China: Based on Cognitive Evaluation Theory%试论我国公务员培训的内在激励制度——基于CET认知评价理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉莎

    2012-01-01

    These years,great attention has been paid to the training for China's public servant.The related policies and regulations have been made,and great achievements have been gained.In the mean while,the motivation system of public servant training is still on perfecting.This paper starts from the situation of public servant training nowadays,and tries to probe into the motivation problems of the public servant training in China through the cognitive evaluation theory of Deci and Ryan.Then it tries to provide policy-making reference and intelligent support for the policy's development and perfection of the public servant training motivation in China.%近年来,我国的公务员培训受到极大重视,与此相关的政策法规相继出台,取得了极为丰硕的成果。但公务员培训的激励制度尚需完善。以我国现阶段的公务员培训的内在激励为探索和研究的中心点,尝试通过徳西与莱恩的认知评价理论进行相关分析。力求为我国公务员培训激励制度的进一步完善提供政策参考与智力支持。

  7. Pertinent Discussions Toward Modeling the Social Edition: Annotated Bibliographies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Siemens, R.; Timney, M.; Leitch, C.; Koolen, C.; Garnett, A.

    2012-01-01

    The two annotated bibliographies present in this publication document and feature pertinent discussions toward the activity of modeling the social edition, first exploring reading devices, tools and social media issues and, second, social networking tools for professional readers in the Humanities.

  8. On the Madness of Lecturing on Gender: A Psychoanalytic Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britzman, Deborah P.

    2010-01-01

    This essay comments on the emotional difficulties psychoanalytic discussion introduces to conceptualising the poesis of gender through its reconsideration of the valence of aggression and its development in psychical reality. It returns to the 1936 lectures on the emotional life of gender given by Melanie Klein and Joan Riviere to a public about…

  9. On the Madness of Lecturing on Gender: A Psychoanalytic Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britzman, Deborah P.

    2010-01-01

    This essay comments on the emotional difficulties psychoanalytic discussion introduces to conceptualising the poesis of gender through its reconsideration of the valence of aggression and its development in psychical reality. It returns to the 1936 lectures on the emotional life of gender given by Melanie Klein and Joan Riviere to a public about…

  10. Bioethics and multiculturalism: nuancing the discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durante, Chris

    2017-08-11

    In his recent analysis of multiculturalism, Tom Beauchamp has argued that those who implement multicultural reasoning in their arguments against common morality theories, such as his own, have failed to understand that multiculturalism is neither a form of moral pluralism nor ethical relativism but is rather a universalistic moral theory in its own right. Beauchamp's position is indeed on the right track in that multiculturalists do not consider themselves ethical relativists. Yet, Beauchamp tends to miss the mark when he argues that multiculturalism is in effect a school of thought that endorses a form of moral universalism that is akin to his own vision of a common morality. As a supporter of multiculturalism, I would like to discuss some aspects of Beauchamp's comments on multiculturalism and clarify what a multicultural account of public bioethics might look like. Ultimately, multiculturalism is purported as a means of managing diversity in the public arena and should not be thought of as endorsing either a version of moral relativism or a universal morality. By simultaneously refraining from the promotion of a comprehensive common moral system while it attempts to avoid a collapse into relativism, multiculturalism can serve as the ethico-political framework in which diverse moralities can be managed and in which opportunities for ethical dialogue, debate and deliberation on the prospects of common bioethical norms are made possible. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  11. The Public and Nuclear Waste Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zinberg, Dorothy

    1979-01-01

    Discusses the public's negative attitude towards nuclear energy development. Explains the perceptions for the nuclear waste disposal problem, and the concern for the protection of the environment. (GA)

  12. Public Sphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trenz, Hans-Jörg

    2015-01-01

    of the collective will of the people in the act of democratic self-government. The concept of the public sphere is used across the fields of media and communication research, cultural studies and the humanities, the history of ideas, legal and constitutional studies as well as democracy studies. Historically......In modern societies, the public sphere represents the intermediary realm that supports the communication of opinions, the discovery of problems that need to be dealt with collectively, the channeling of these problems through the filter of the media and political institutions, and the realization......, public spheres have undergone structural transformations that were closely connected to the emergence of different mass media. More recently, they are subject to trends of transnationalization and digitalization in politics and society....

  13. Public Sphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trenz, Hans-Jörg

    2015-01-01

    In modern societies, the public sphere represents the intermediary realm that supports the communication of opinions, the discovery of problems that need to be dealt with collectively, the channeling of these problems through the filter of the media and political institutions, and the realization......, public spheres have undergone structural transformations that were closely connected to the emergence of different mass media. More recently, they are subject to trends of transnationalization and digitalization in politics and society....... of the collective will of the people in the act of democratic self-government. The concept of the public sphere is used across the fields of media and communication research, cultural studies and the humanities, the history of ideas, legal and constitutional studies as well as democracy studies. Historically...

  14. public spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Grigoryeva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this issue is PUBLIC SPACES. It is familiar and clear to every citizen. The streets and courtyards as childhood experiences remain with us forever. And these are the places where we come with our parents at weekends, where we meet friends, where we have dates and where we already come for a walk with our children.The history of public spaces is long and captivating. It was the main city squares where the most important events took place in history. The Agoras of Ancient Greece and the Roman Forums, the squares of Vatican, Paris and London, Moscow and Saint Petersburg… Greve, Trafalgar, Senate, Palace, Red, Bolotnaya – behind every name there is life of capitals, countries and nations.Public spaces, their shapes, image and development greatly influence the perception of the city as a whole. Both visitors and inhabitants can see in public spaces not only the visage but the heart, the soul and the mind of the city.Unfortunately, sometimes we have to prove the value of public spaces and defend them from those who consider them nothing but a blank space, nobody’s land destined for barbarous development.What should happen to make citizens perceive public spaces as their own and to make authorities consider development and maintenance of squares and parks their priority task against the  background of increasing competition between cities and the fight for human capital? Lately they more often say about “a high-quality human capital”. And now, when they say “the city should be liveable” they add “for all groups of citizens, including the creative class”.

  15. Managerial Approach to Public Administration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Maria MORA

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the issue of themanagerial approach to public administration,starting from the distinction identified by someauthors between management and administration.The paper has a twofold structure: in the firstsections it provides a theoretical conceptualframework for approaching the issue of themanagerial approach to public administration;in the following sections, the authors discuss themanagerial approach with regard to the Romanianadministrative sector. In the conclusion section,the paper tries to offer an answer to the questionwhere do we stand as a country with regard tothe implementation of the managerial approachin public administration. While some progress hasbeen made, there are nonetheless steps that stillneed to be taken..

  16. Discussion on the Construction of Regional Logistics Public Information Platform:Taking Yangzhou City as an Example%构建区域物流公共信息平台的探讨研究--以扬州市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古贞; 高兆亚

    2014-01-01

    Construction logistics public information platform plays an important role in improving the level of information logistics,information sharing,data sharing and information exchange,integration of logistics resources,reduce logistics costs. Based on in-depth studies on the platform that has built,combined with the present situation of Yangzhou logistics,analyzes the necessity of the construction of Yangzhou logistics public information platform,puts forward the basic thought of construction of Yangzhou logistics public information platform,and aiming at the possible problems in the process of constructing platform,gives the corresponding countermeasures,and hope to provide reference for the city of Yangzhou and other provinces in the construction of regional logistics public information platform.%物流公共信息平台的建设对于提高物流信息化水平、实现信息共享、数据共用和信息互通、整合物流资源,降低物流成本等方面都具有重要作用。文中通过研究已建成物流平台的经验,结合扬州市物流现状,分析了扬州建设物流公共信息平台的必要性,提出了扬州市构建物流公共信息平台的基本思路,并针对构建平台过程中可能存在的问题,给出了相应的解决对策,希望对于扬州市及其他省市构建区域物流公共信息平台提供参考依据。

  17. Discussion of the Responsibility of the Media from Public Health Emergencies——To "grab salt incident" as an example%浅议突发公共卫生事件中的媒体责任——以“抢盐事件”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑苏文

    2011-01-01

    In the social transition,public health incidents happen often,the "grab salt incident" reflects,in the mass media age,the media as a social public instrument,should shoulder more social responsibilities,including the need to focus on the daily life of civic scientific literacy culture;In the face of all kinds of emergencies,to provide real need for timely news and information;by improving their credibility,strengthen the capacity to guide public opinion;the media needs to establish authoritative information release system.%在社会转型时期,公共卫生事件时有发生,从这次"抢盐事件"反映出:在大众传播时代,媒体作为社会公器,本应该承担更多的社会责任,包括在日常生活中重视公民科学素养的培养;在突发公共卫生事件时需及时提供真实新闻信息;通过提高自己的公信力,加强社会舆论引导能力;另外,面对各类突发事件,媒体亟需建立权威的信息发布机制。

  18. Public surveys at ESO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnaboldi, Magda; Delmotte, Nausicaa; Hilker, Michael; Hussain, Gaitee; Mascetti, Laura; Micol, Alberto; Petr-Gotzens, Monika; Rejkuba, Marina; Retzlaff, Jörg; Mieske, Steffen; Szeifert, Thomas; Ivison, Rob; Leibundgut, Bruno; Romaniello, Martino

    2016-07-01

    ESO has a strong mandate to survey the Southern Sky. In this article, we describe the ESO telescopes and instruments that are currently used for ESO Public Surveys, and the future plans of the community with the new wide-field-spectroscopic instruments. We summarize the ESO policies governing the management of these projects on behalf of the community. The on-going ESO Public Surveys and their science goals, their status of completion, and the new projects selected during the second ESO VISTA call in 2015/2016 are discussed. We then present the impact of these projects in terms of current numbers of refereed publications and the scientific data products published through the ESO Science Archive Facility by the survey teams, including the independent access and scientific use of the published survey data products by the astronomical community.

  19. 基于健康保障责任的县级医院综合改革思路探讨%Discussion of the Multi-Reform of County-level Public Hospital Management System Based on Account of Health Security Duty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王克春; 王小合; 马征

    2012-01-01

    The county's health service needs a medical service set-up to take the medical service responsibility. The medical service set-up mainly consists of public hospitals. The county government governs public hospitals through the set-up to take form of the management and to be the duty of investment. In the condition of the set-up management and the medical insurance controlling-costs, the county public hospitals can build voluntarily the inside management system according to the outside management. There are two key problems in country public hospital reform, which are basic country health care organization as linkup body of two service systems and regulating the two benefit of patients and doctors in economy. The multi-reform of public hospital management system in country will go forward if the two problems to be solved.%从健康保障出发,县域的医疗服务需要由县域医疗服务体系承担,其中,县城医疗服务体系主要由公立医院组成.县政府通过县域医疗服务体系管理公立医院,由此确定相应的投入责任和管理体制.在医疗服务体系的管理下,外加医疗保险及新农合对医院医疗费用的管理,县级医院依据外部环境和条件,构造内部管理体制.当前县级医院管理体制改革中存在两个关键问题:一个是农村基层医疗卫生机构(乡镇卫生院和村卫生室)在医疗服务和预防保健服务上的连体问题:另一个是在经济上调整医患双方利益问题,解决这两个问题将有利于推进县公立医院综合改革.

  20. Public health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, van den A.E.

    2007-01-01

    Agnes van den Berg wrote an essay about human health and nature, establishing that subject as an important policy argument in developing (urban) nature in the Netherlands. She studied the public balance of fear and fascination for nature, summarising benefits on human health. In this chapter, she ad

  1. Public health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, van den A.E.

    2007-01-01

    Agnes van den Berg wrote an essay about human health and nature, establishing that subject as an important policy argument in developing (urban) nature in the Netherlands. She studied the public balance of fear and fascination for nature, summarising benefits on human health. In this chapter, she

  2. Publication Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Roy Paul

    This book is designed to solve the problem of coordinating art and typography with content in publications. Through text and illustrations, this book suggests ways to make pages and spreads in magazines, newspapers, and books attractive and readable. As a book of techniques, it is directed at potential and practicing art directors, designers, and…

  3. Publication Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Roy Paul

    This book is designed to solve the problem of coordinating art and typography with content in publications. Through text and illustrations, this book suggests ways to make pages and spreads in magazines, newspapers, and books attractive and readable. As a book of techniques, it is directed at potential and practicing art directors, designers, and…

  4. 75 FR 62137 - Notice of Public Meeting; Proposed Alluvial Valley Floor Coal Exchange Public Interest Factors...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-07

    ... written testimony and comments on the public interest factors (see determination of public interest at 43... final decision on the proposed exchange and whether it is in the public interest. The BLM will discuss... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Public Meeting; Proposed Alluvial Valley Floor Coal Exchange...

  5. Solar energy perspectives for public power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woodley, N. H.

    1979-06-01

    Perspectives on the utilization of solar energy for electricity production and thermal energy utilization by the public are briefly discussed. Wind energy conversion, biomass conversion, solar thermal, OTEC, photovoltaics, and solar heating and cooling are discussed. (WHK)

  6. Ethics in Online Publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vervaart, Peter

    2014-10-01

    Journals have been publishing the results of scientific investigations since the founding of Philosophical Transactions in 1665. Since then we have witnessed a massive expansion in the number of journals to the point that there are now approximately 28,000 active, peer reviewed journals collectively publishing more than 1.8 million articles per year. Before the mid-1990s, these journals were only available on paper but by the end of the 20th century, most journals had moved to online platforms. Online publication has also served as the impetus for the move to 'open-access' to the information contained in journals. The fact that a publication is 'on-line' and 'open-access' does not negate the responsibility of the author and the publisher to publish in an ethical way. [1] The document produced by the IFCC Ethics Task Force (TF-E) on publication ethics states that 'Ethics in Science at its broadest level encompasses research ethics, medical ethics, publication ethics, conflicts of interest, ethical responsibilities as educator, plus many other areas.' Thus publication ethics is a continuum from the first step of research design through to the information being read by the reader. In general terms 'publication ethics' includes the ethical behaviour of the authors in writing and submitting a scientific manuscript to a publisher for the purpose of publication, thus any discussion of publication ethics must include the role of the authors, referees, publisher and reader and the issues of authorship (and the use of 'ghosts'), plagiarism, duplicate publication (including in different languages), image manipulation (particularly in the era of digitisation), and conflict of interest [2]. To aid the authors, and others involved in the process of publication, a number of resources are now available particularly those from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) [3] and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) [4]. More recently the issue of 'publisher ethics' has

  7. Discussion on Building the Public Relation Image of Libraries with Microblog Thoughts of the Event of Purchasing Train Tickets for Peasant Workers Online%微博助推图书馆公关形象塑造探析——关于“为农民工网购火车票事件”的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘静

    2012-01-01

    微博关注最新的社会热点问题,以其传输信息快、互动性强、允许自由评论等特点成为信息传播的新途径。图书馆"为农民工网购火车票事件"始于微博,对图书馆的公关形象塑造具有正面宣传效应。图书馆公关形象的整体运作要依靠微博等网络媒体,同时图书馆应积极与传统媒体合作,抓住宣传机遇,为图书馆事业的生存与发展谋求更为广阔的空间。%The microblog keeps a watchful eye on hotspots of the society, the microblog has characteristics of spreading information fast, strong interactivity and allowing users commenting freely, and has become the new way of the information dissemination. The event of phasing train tickets for peasant workers online starts from microblog, and has positive effects on building the public relation image of libraries. The overall operation of the public relation image of libraries should depend on the network media(such as the microblog), at the same time, libraries should cooperate with traditional media positively, seize the opportunity of the publicity, and seek a broader space for the survival and development of librarianship.

  8. Public Sociology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    What is the role of sociology in society? How can - and should - sociology contribute with insights relevant and useful to the outside world? Is sociology attuned to accommodate the demands of the wider public and of surrounding society? Who benefits from the knowledge produced and provided...... by sociology? What are the social implications and cultural effects of the knowledge sociology provides and creates? All of these questions, and many others, concern and centre on sociology's relationship to the surrounding society, in short to the ‘public'. All of these questions - and many others...... - will be addressed in this book.   Sociology, as the self-proclaimed ‘the science of society', finds itself in an exceptional position within the scientific community in that it studies a universe it itself is part and parcel of. This means that sociology and sociologists are inextricably connected and linked...

  9. Scientific publication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Getulio Teixeira Batista

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The necessary work for developing a scientific publication is sometimes underestimated and requires the effective participation of many players to obtain a result in good standard. Initially it depends upon the determination of the authors that decide to write the scientific article. Scientific writing is a very challenging and time consuming task, but at the same time essential for any scientist. A published scientific article is unquestionably one of the main indicators of scientific production, especially if published in a qualified scientific journal with highly qualified editorial committee and strict peer review procedure. By looking at evaluation criteria for scientific production of the several Thematic Scientific Committees of the Brazilian Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq it becomes clear publications in scientific journals that has certified quality is the most important item in the evaluation of a scientist production.

  10. Public opinion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, A

    2013-04-01

    This opinion-based article aims to highlight the worrying decline in support for dental public health as a specialty. Not only is this specialty important for its role in commissioning services, it is crucial for the identification of vulnerable groups in society and ensuring dental services are acceptable and assessable for these populations. Dental public health also addresses the social determinants of health in its approach, acknowledging the impact of these in perpetuating inequalities and looking for multisectoral approaches to their management. This article also looks at the lack of appreciation for these determinants in dental foundation training and how a change in the structure of the programme could both address this and the current shortage of places.

  11. A Brief Discussion on How to Effectively Carry out Oral English Activities in Public English Audio-Visual-Oral Classroom in Higher Vocational Colleges%浅谈如何有效开展高职公共英语视听说课堂口语活动

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑筱筠

    2015-01-01

    高职公共英语视听说课程旨在提高学生的英语交际水平,根据高职学生的特点,在满足高职学生需求的前提下,如何利用有限课堂时间展开一些实用、有效、操作性强的课堂口语活动是视听说教学的研究重点。本文参考建构主义学习理论,探讨了高职公共英语视听说课堂口语活动设计应遵循的原则和相关步骤。%Higher vocational public English audio-visual-oral course is aimed at improving students' English communication a-bility. In accordance with the characteristics of higher vocational students, under the premise of meeting the requirement of higher vocational students, how to use the limited classroom time to car-ry out some practical, effective and operational classroom oral English activities is the research focus of audio-visual-oral teaching. Referring to constructivism learning theory, this paper explores the principles that should be followed and related mea-sures in designing oral English activities in higher vocational public English audio-visual-oral classroom.

  12. Discussion on Market Rational Value of Housing in China Based on the Market Rent System of Public Rent Houses%基于公租房市场化租金体系的住房市场合理价值探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕筱萍; 程大涛

    2013-01-01

    在分析我国住房市场多元价值体系并存的基础上,提出以按年征收土地出让金方式统一公共租赁房的用地性质;赋予公共租赁房以完全产权,使体现所有权资金成本的虚拟租金向体现住房物业价值的承租租金回归;使公共租赁房的市场化租金水平,在居民家庭住房消费支出成本制约下成为我国住房价值体系的标杆.%Based on the analysis of the phenomenon of coexistence of multi-value system of China's housing market and institutional factors, this paper proposes unified nature of land for public rental housing by levying land premium annually, and public rental housing with full property rights, embodying ownership the capital cost of the virtual rent to reflect the value of the housing property leased rent regression, making the market rent levels subject to household income level with the cost of housing consumption expenditure constraints become the benchmark of the value of China' s housing system.

  13. 高校图书馆微信公众号建设刍议--以南昌航空大学图书馆为例%Discussion on the Development of University Library ’s WeChat Public Account Number---Taking the Library of Nanchang Aviation University as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    拱洁凡

    2016-01-01

    随着移动通信技术的快速发展,微信已经成为很多人手机上必不可少的一个社交软件,微信因其强大和完善的社交功能,备受大学生的青睐。介绍了微信的利用现状,阐述了南昌航空大学图书馆微信公众号的建设情况,探讨了该馆微信公众号在读者服务工作中的业务开展情况。%Along with the rapid development of the mobile communication technology, WeChat has become an essential social communication software on the mobile phones of many people.WeChat is highly favored by college students because of its strong and perfect social communication function. This paper introduces the present situation of WeChat, expounds the construction status of WeChat public account number of the library of Nanchang Aviation University, and probes into the application of WeChat public account number in the reader service of this library.

  14. 公示语英译现状分析及应对策略探讨--以南通濠河风景区为例%Analysis and Discussion on the Current Situation of Eng-lish Translation for Public Signs and the Coping Strategy:Taking the Scenic Area of Moat Hao in Nantong as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      公示语的英译就如同一张名片,向外国友人介绍我们的城市。景区公示语的英译水平更代表着一个旅游景区的形象。本文结合实例,从南通濠河风景区公示语英译的现状出发,指出存在的问题,分析造成错误的原因,同时探讨提高公示语英译水平的相关策略。%English translation of public signs sends information of a city to foreigners just like a business card. The level of transla-tion of the public signs in a scenic spot will affect its image as well. The scenic area of Moat Hao in Nantong is taken as an ex-ample. According to the current situation and analysis of given examples, existing problems are pointed out together with the causes of them. And coping strategies for improving the level of translation are explored.

  15. Performance evaluation: discussing technology for planning and managing health worforce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierantoni, Celia Regina; França, Tania; Ney, Marcia Silveira; Monteiro, Valéria Oliveira; Varella, Thereza Christina; Santos, Maria Ruth Dos; Nascimento, Dayane

    2011-12-01

    This essay presents the outcome of reflections and analyses from examining the conceptual options inherent to the methodologies of employee performance appraisal (PA) and its possible application in the health area. It sets a conceptual discussion of the area, associating and integrating knowledge from different fields - health and public administration. It promotes an intersection between public health work management and personnel management strategies. It has the purpose to generate new analyses and studies that would allow for a new approach of the management practices for performance appraisals used in companies, adapting them to meet the specificities of the health sector.

  16. How Public Is Public Administration? A Constitutional Approach of Publicness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ringeling, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    Both in Public Administration and in practice, there is a loss of the concept of public. A view became dominant in which markets were superior to governments and public to private. Not only did the esteem of the public sphere diminish, but also its significance in our reasoning and teaching. It became less clear what the public sphere stood for.…

  17. How Public Is Public Administration? A Constitutional Approach of Publicness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ringeling, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    Both in Public Administration and in practice, there is a loss of the concept of public. A view became dominant in which markets were superior to governments and public to private. Not only did the esteem of the public sphere diminish, but also its significance in our reasoning and teaching. It became less clear what the public sphere stood for.…

  18. An Epistemological Discussion on Marketing 1990-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Pozzebon de Lima

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates how much the discussion of epistemology in marketing has been present in the journals in the area in the last 20 years. A bibliometric analysis was conducted using the top 5 marketing journals, according to the 2011 Journal Citation Reports’ 5-year Impact factor (Journal of Marketing, Journal of Retailing, Journal of Consumer Research, Journal of Marketing Research, Journal of Consumer Psychology plus two periodicals chosen by their editorial profile directly related with the main purposes of this research (Marketing Theory and Marketing Science. Papers, comments, and editorials published between 1990- 2010 were analyzed, as well books that may have contained discussions about marketing epistemology. The analysis revealed an inconstancy in the amount of publications about this subject, and two periodicals (Marketing Theory and Marketing Science were identified as leading the debate in this period. The numbers indicate that the epistemological discussion was an isolated effort made by some periodicals and the Sage Publications, and it was not a broader academic debate. Lastly, the substantial amount of publications found about methodology may indicate an instrumentalization of the marketing discipline. The study is organized as it follows: Introduction, (1 the beginnings of marketing study, to understand the discipline history; (2 the rise of marketing as academic discipline; (3 marketing and science, a quick retake of the historical debate; (4 method; (5 results; discussion and conclusion.

  19. Competence Development in the Public Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjort, Katrin

    2009-01-01

    The article analyses the popular concept of Competence Development as constructed of at least three different discourses (Life Long Learning, New Public Management and professionalisation) and discusses the relations between the transformations of the public sectors in Scandinavian Welfare States......, Competence Development and Professionalisation/Deprofessionalisation among the public employees....

  20. How To Become a Great Public Space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Block, Marylaine

    2003-01-01

    Presents interviews with Fred Kent, founder of the Project for Public Spaces (PPS) and Phil Myrick, PPS's assistant vice president, about transforming libraries into desirable public spaces. Discusses qualities people value in public spaces; great library buildings and what they are doing right; the first thing library directors should do when…

  1. Public relations in Europe: A kaleidoscopic picture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ruler, A.A.; Vercic, D.; Flodin, B.; Buetschi, G.

    2001-01-01

    Focuses on the Delphi research project, a part of the European Public Relations Body of Knowledge project, which questions the existence of a European authenticity of public relations. Description of the study design; Discussion on public relations as a professional management function; Conclusions.

  2. Alternative Funding For Public Goods Provision

    OpenAIRE

    Kodrat Wibowo

    2002-01-01

    Finding alternatives in public good financing is one of the most recent issues in the government sector. Tax-financed for pure public good is well known results further problems like externalities and economic inequity. This paper only addresses the qualitative analysis in discussing benefits and costs of the society in applying some alternatives in funding public good provisions, pure and impure one.

  3. Discussion on Providing Services to the Public Use of the Achievements Gained from the Prospecting Replacing Resource in Resources Crisis Mines%危机矿山接替资源找矿工作成果服务利用构想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌; 林向军; 陈杰; 张立海

    2013-01-01

    近年来,危机矿山接替资源找矿工作取得了丰硕成果。为使危机矿山接替资源找矿工作成果及时向社会提供服务利用,应主要做好以下几方面工作:一是加大宣传力度;二是加强传统窗口服务;三是积极开发专题服务产品;四是利用信息化和网络化技术,设计开发找矿工作成果专题网络服务平台。在提供服务的同时,应重点解决好涉密信息处理问题和地质资料及时汇交的问题。%This paper focuses on the methods for timely providing services to the public use of the achievements gained from the prospecting replacing resource in resources crisis mines. These are:strengthening publicity and traditional window services, actively developing special service products, designing and developing special network service platform for the results of prospecting work by using information and network technology. This paper points out that secret-related information processing and the collection of geological data should be paid attention to while at the same time providing more services.

  4. 社会契约之下的公共权力——论社会契约视野之下的国家观念%The Public Power Under the Social Contract--the Discussion of the Influence of the Social Contract on the State Conception

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丛

    2012-01-01

    The idea of the social contract is a mark stone of the state origin and nature. As the leading thought of western political theory, the idea of the social contract changed the nature of the public political power and strike back to the medieval theology. The thought of the social contract complete the whole theoretical demonstration start from the human itself, by doing so, it reflects the thought of freedom and equality in the sovereignty state in modern times. Different from the state times and the medieval state power, the public power of sovereignty state has been largely changed, which can be seen from the thoughts of Hobbs, Locke and Rousseau.%社会契约思想是西方政治思想史上有关国家起源、性质学说的一座丰碑。作为西方政治理论界的主导思想,同城邦时期与中世纪的公共权力观念相比,社会契约思想改变了公共政治权威的自然性,同时对中世纪的神学世界观进行了反击。社会契约思想从人本身出发来完成整个理论论证过程,体现了近代主权国家观念中的自由和平等思想。与城邦时代与中世纪国家权力不同,在社会契约思想的影响下,主权国家的公共权力发生了巨大的变化。这从对霍布斯、洛克和卢梭的社会契约思想的分析之中可见一斑。

  5. Citizen Involvement in Public Library Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Annabel K.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the planning process for public libraries developed by the Public Library Association (PLA) and describes two libraries' use of the planning process and the resulting benefits. Topics discussed include lay citizens as planning committee members; Friends of the Library; involvement of local government officials; and resultant increases in…

  6. Citizen Involvement in Public Library Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Annabel K.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the planning process for public libraries developed by the Public Library Association (PLA) and describes two libraries' use of the planning process and the resulting benefits. Topics discussed include lay citizens as planning committee members; Friends of the Library; involvement of local government officials; and resultant increases in…

  7. Managing Public Accountability : How Public Managers Manage Public Accountability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schillemans, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Accountability is of growing importance in contemporary governance. The academic literature on public accountability is fraught with concerned analyses, suggesting that accountability is a problematic issue for public managers. This article investigates how public managers experience accountability

  8. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

      MARS 2015 FIVE YEARLY REVIEW CONTRACT POLICY PENSION FUND GENERAL INFORMATION   COME AND BE INFORMED! PUBLIC MEETINGS Friday 3rd October at 10 am Amphi BE, 864-1-D02 Prévessin Friday 3rd October at 2 pm Salle du Conseil / Council Chamber, 503-1-001 (in English) Meyrin Monday 6th October at 10 am Kjell Johnsen Auditorium, 30-7-018 Meyrin Monday 6th October at 2 pm Salle du Conseil / Council Chamber, 503-1-001 Meyrin  

  9. A public world without public relations?

    OpenAIRE

    Nayden, Nikolay

    2015-01-01

    The term "public relations" (PR) has long gained currency as meaning the practice of producing a positive public image. This article argues that public relations should be released from the prison of "PR" and, instead, reconceptualised as relations which define the public realm much as economic relations define the economy. From this point of view, three main levels of public relations can be distinguished: (1) relations between public institutions, (2) relations between citizens and public i...

  10. A public world without public relations?:

    OpenAIRE

    Nayden, Nikolay

    2009-01-01

    The term "public relations" (PR) has long gained currency as meaning the practice of producing a positive public image. This article argues that public relations should be released from the prison of "PR" and, instead, reconceptualised as relations which define the public realm much as economic relations define the economy. From this point of view, three main levels of public relations can be distinguished: (1) relations between public institutions, (2) relations between citizens and public i...

  11. Renúncia de arrecadação fiscal: subsídios para discussão e formulação de uma política pública Tax expenditures on health care: contributions toward a public policy agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Siliansky de Andreazzi

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho pretende investigar diversos aspectos relacionados aos incentivos governamentais que permitem o abatimento de parte dos gastos das famílias e empresas com assistência à saúde no imposto de renda. Como tais incentivos são deduzidos da renda tributável das pessoas físicas e do lucro tributável das pessoas jurídicas, a arrecadação fiscal do Estado é forçosamente reduzida. Segundo estimativa da Secretaria da Receita Federal, o valor desta renúncia, considerando as despesas com planos de saúde e os desembolsos diretos com assistência médico-hospitalar, girou em torno de R$ 2,8 bilhões em 2005. Em um quadro de subfinanciamento crônico do SUS, esta problemática será discutida à luz da eqüidade do financiamento e dos conflitos de interesse evidenciados no setor saúde.The work discusses the tax incentives with private medical expenses to families and workers in Brazil. The estimate presented by the Federal Fiscal Authority is R$ 2,8 billions in 2005. Initially, a review of concepts about the matter is performed that stressed the lack of consensus in the academic community, about the meaning of tax expenditures. It discussed, also, the relations between this fiscal policy and demand to private health insurance. After, the article presents the results of a documental research concerning political positions of relevant Brazilian social actors found in the 2000's. The discussion pointed to problems of equity and conflicts of interests that are involved with the changes in the rules that discipline these incentives.

  12. Kosovar Public Diplomacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.Sc. Bekim Baliqi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available We are being witnesses that the XXI century is characterized by the rise and rapid advancement of public diplomacy, particularly in small countries that are under development, or countries that do not have classical influence through diplomacy and military influence, therefore into the category of states in which the development of public diplomacy is needed, we have included the Republic of Kosovo. The Republic of Kosovo as a new state, with without diplomatic experience and that has started from scratch, should necessarily develop the public diplomacy, because it is listed in the category of countries that we have specified above. But how should the Republic of Kosovo develop a public diplomacy? For building the basement of public diplomacy, the main tool that Kosovo should develop is communication Through the communication are held discussions, negotiations, becomes the announcement about the steps of development of the state, becomes lobbying, rises the positive image, and all these lead to the recognition of the new state and to the multilateral and bilateral cooperation agreements. In order to explain the performance and the form of the use of communication in public diplomacy, which the Republic of Kosovo has begun to use and implement in practice, and which already has brought tangible results that need improvement, we think that still has remained very long road with many political, economic, diplomatic and democratic challenges until we achieve a satisfactory level. A deeper analysis of what has been done so far, and what needs to be done in the future is required, therefore the whole problem along with the possible functional solutions is explained more specifically with theories and examples below.

  13. Increasing Moral Reasoning Skills through Online Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cain, Jeff; Smith, Doug

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the effects that online asynchronous dilemma discussions have on moral reasoning scores of pharmacy students. In contrast to face-to-face group discussions, asynchronous threaded discussions afford all participants time to reflect and respond during discussions. Anonymity features may lessen inhibitions in responding critically…

  14. Theoretical Discussion of Coordinated Fund Management of Basic Public Health and Basic Medical Services Based on the Principle of Labour Voucher%基于工分制原理的基本公共卫生与基本医疗服务经费统筹管理的理论探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明; 张韬; 王洪兴; 厉勤; 李幼子

    2016-01-01

    While the coordinated management of fund for basic public health and basic medical services provides an opportunity for the integration of content and resources of basic public health and basic medical services,the principle of labour voucher creates technical conditions for this opportunity:the principle of labour voucher has resolved the financial accounting issues,eliminating the following problems of community health services;the building of the mechanism of funds allocation by the principle of labor voucher could ensure the transparency of information and is conducive to the establishment of performance appraisal system for community health service settings and their staffs,effectively guiding supply - side behavior;the fund allocation mechanism could also guide residents′ health seeking behavior indirectly through the supply side,and promote residents and medical staffs to improve their health and save fund together by price leverage and reward allocation. The study is still at theoretical stage,thus the feasibility of the research result needs to be further tested.%基本公共卫生和基本医疗服务经费的统筹管理,为基本公共卫生和基本医疗服务内容整合和资源整合提供了契机,而工分制原理则为这种契机创造了技术条件:工分制原理首先解决了经费核算问题,为社区卫生服务机构解决了后顾之忧;通过工分制原理构建经费分配机制,保证了信息透明性,有利于社区卫生服务机构绩效考核和机构内员工绩效考核机制的建立,从而有效引导供方行为;基于工分制原理构建的经费分配机制,可以通过供方间接引导居民就医行为,也可以通过价格杠杆和分配奖励促使居民与医务人员一起为提高自身健康水平和节约经费努力。本研究尚处于理论阶段,研究成果的可行性还有待实践的检验。

  15. What Asexuality Contributes to the Same-Sex Marriage Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherrer, Kristin S

    2010-01-01

    While same-sex marriage debates have captured public attention, it is but one component of a broader discussion regarding the role of marriage in a changing society. To inform this discussion, I draw on qualitative, Internet survey data from 102 self-identified asexual individuals. I find that asexual relationships are complicated and nuanced in ways that have implications for a GLBTQ political agenda, including same-sex marriage recognition. In addition, findings indicate that assumptions of sex and sexuality in relationships are problematic and that present language for describing relationships is limiting. Findings suggest a social justice agenda for marginalized sexualities should be broader in scope than same-sex marriage.

  16. Making Governmental Policy Responsible for Public and Social Spirit:A Reconstruction of Ancient Regime and Revolution and Relevant Interpretations,Assumptions and Discussions%政府政策对公众与社会精神应负的责任--对《旧制度与大革命》的解读与重构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹钦; 徐常锌

    2015-01-01

    As an unfinished work,Ancient Regime and Revolution is just part of a larger logical frame.The specific think-ing and writing habits of Tocqueville make it even less logical,which has not been thoroughly discussed before.In order to explore Tocqueville′s original intention,this study reconstructs the chapters of the book in logical or spatial -temporal or-der,and reinterprets the relevant parts with reference to the author′s discussion of the State -centered Theory.%《旧制度与大革命》一书是托克维尔未能完成的著作,依据其特有的思考和写作习惯,该书仅是一个完整的逻辑框架的某个部分,呈现出一种逻辑上严谨性的欠缺;认为有必要对各章节内容重新解读,依照逻辑或时空顺序对其逐一划分;在此基础上,针对托克维尔有关国家中心论的论证,阐释了相关内容的思辨意义,以便探知并触入托克维尔的本意。

  17. Public Sector and Europeanization Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucica Matei

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper emphasises the role of the market-type mechanisms within the activity of the organisations from the public sector. The end of the 20th century was defined by the effects of the public sector reform. The public sector is placed within the cultural and political environment of each country and the reforms have aimed to redefine the structures of the state organisations in the economy and the relationships such as market-government, government-bureaucracy, government- citizens, bureaucracy-citizens, civil servants-politicians-citizens. The public sector reform, achieved at the managerial systems, organisational structures and regulations levels is accompanied by specific and structural reforms. Accepting the market-type mechanisms instead of bureaucratic mechanisms, meaning not the simple provision of public services but the creation of some governmental “actors”, functioning completely on commercial bases, supporting the development of the partnerships between the public and private sector, introducing privatisation is achieved in view of creating “the facilitating state”. We discuss about “facilities” such as citizens and society involvement in public businesses, making public administration more citizen-friendly and the state closer to the public need. The citizens’ involvement, as customers in the flow of the public service contributes to creating an organic ensemble characterised by two fundamental dimensions: level and type of influence of the customers and the private-public dichotomy. Synthesising, the relationships and market mechanisms enable to the public sector to get closer to the public needs and to create a modern administration based on efficiency, effectiveness and openness towards change.

  18. Public-Private Partnership in the EU Public Procurement Regime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    My PhD research focuses on the relationship between the formation and operation of a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) and public procurement law as a legal framework for the award of the PPP contract. The complex nature of PPP projects including long term high value contracts, long award process......, poses legal challenges for the procurement of PPP contracts. The overall research objective of my doctoral thesis is to analyse, clarify and discuss potential legal challenges resulting from European Union public procurement law - provided in Directive 2004/18/EC – which a public authority is obliged...... to apply when awarding a Public-Private Partnership contract, as well as to analyse if a deregulation of PPP’s award framework could potentially resolve these potential legal challenges. The latter consideration of deregulation of PPP award framework is based on comparison of highly regulated European...

  19. The economics of wind energy. Collection of papers for discussions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vihriaelae, H. [ed.

    1995-12-31

    This publication contains the proceedings of EWEA Special Topic Conference `95 on the economics of wind energy, held in Helsinki, Finland, on 5-7 September, 1995. The programme consisted of panel discussions and poster presentations on National Programmes and Operational Experience of Wind Energy, Grid Issues and Avoided Direct Costs of Wind Energy, Avoided External Costs of Wind Energy, The Role of Wind Energy in Future Energy Supply and Technical Innovations of Wind Energy

  20. 公共图书馆未成年人阅读推广活动探讨--以攀枝花市图书馆为例%Discussion on Minors Reading Promotion Activities in Public Library---Taking Panzhihua Library as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢军

    2015-01-01

    随着图书馆事业的发展,未成年人阅读推广活动成为公共图书馆核心业务之一。以攀枝花市图书馆未成年人服务为例,阐述了我国未成年人阅读服务概况,探讨了未成年人阅读推广活动的具体内容,提出了开展未成年人阅读推广活动的思路与对策。%ABSTRACT:With the development of the library cause, the minors reading promotion activity has become one of the core businesses of the public library. Taking Panzhihua library’s service for minors as an example, this paper probes into the concrete contents of minors reading promotion activity, and puts forward some ideas and countermeasures for carrying out the minors reading promotion activity.

  1. Reclaiming the Public Manager

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew CARDOW

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available This article adds to the existing discussion regarding the NPM, and more specifically addresses the role of managerial identity that is often ignored within the existing literature. The research was conducted utilising a grounded, qualitative methodology. The data was analysed utilising the tools of critical discourse. Throughout the article a case will be made that the introduction of private sector ‘business paradigms’ have led the managers to seek their legitimacy and their sense of identity not from the public sector but from the private sector. In doing so they have distanced themselves from the public, the owners of the assets they manage. The research is a qualitative study that highlights the conflict between identity and community expectation. The implications suggest that managers of local government business operations need to be aware of the possible conflict that can arise through seeking identity with the private sector in that it may lead to distancing themselves from the public they serve. The practical implications lie in being able to recognise that too close an identity with “normal” business practice can conflict with provision of public services

  2. Evaluation of public transport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flyvbjerg, Bent; Kahr, Kjeld; Petersen, Peter Bo

    1986-01-01

    This paper discusses a method to evaluate sceduled, fixed-route public transport. One major evaluation criterion in the method is total travel time, subdivided into walking time, waiting time, time on vehicle, transfer time, and concealed waiting time. The other major criterion is cost incurred...... by a given supply of transport. In contrast with conventional methods, this method operates with real measures, i.e. real location (instead of traffic zones), real time (instead of average travel time), and real costs (instead of proxy-costs). The purpose is to produce relevant and easily understandable...... results suitable to open planning, for instance with citizen participation. Five examples of application of the method are given: (1) evaluation of changes in suburban bus services; (2) evaluation of geographical localities as regards public transport; (3) evaluation of circular bus routes; (4) evaluation...

  3. Public Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    on the entrepreneurship–society relationship. SE, as all entrepreneurship practices, operates by social and economic forces (limiting ourselves to those here), and generates social and economic outcomes (amongst others). Its second half, however, dominates the concept of SE, and our analysis seek to remedy this imbalance......In this paper we want to affirm the desiring-social-change that we find in practices presently represented by theorists and policy-makers as examples of ‘social entrepreneurship’ (SE). We do this as an attempt to intensify the presence of the social and sociality in today's discourse...... by focusing on the social productivity of entrepreneurship, on entrepreneurship desiring social change. We suggest ‘public entrepreneurship’ might grasp this as a more balanced concept that will also support a more precise analysis of the entrepreneurship–society relationship....

  4. Literature promotion in Public Libraries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kann-Christensen, Nanna; Balling, Gitte

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses a model that can be used in order to analyse notions on literature promotion in public libraries. The model integrates different issues which interact with how literature promotion is understood and thought of in public libraries. Besides cultural policy we regard the logics...... of new public management (NPM) and professional logics in the field of public libraries. Cultural policy along with the identification of underlying logics present among politicians, government officials, managers and librarians/promoters of literature, play an important part in creating an understanding...... of literature promotion in Danish libraries. Thus the basic premise for the development of the model is that cultural policy (Policy) has an important influence on notions on literature promotion and other activities in public libraries, but that cultural policy must be seen in some kind of interaction...

  5. Literature promotion in Public Libraries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kann-Christensen, Nanna; Balling, Gitte

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses a model that can be used in order to analyse notions on literature promotion in public libraries. The model integrates different issues which interact with how literature promotion is understood and thought of in public libraries. Besides cultural policy we regard the logics...... of new public management (NPM) and professional logics in the field of public libraries. Cultural policy along with the identification of underlying logics present among politicians, government officials, managers and librarians/promoters of literature, play an important part in creating an understanding...... of literature promotion in Danish libraries. Thus the basic premise for the development of the model is that cultural policy (Policy) has an important influence on notions on literature promotion and other activities in public libraries, but that cultural policy must be seen in some kind of interaction...

  6. A Rustic Discussion on the Establishment of Police Testify in Courts ——Problems and Countermeasures Faced by Public Security Organs%刍议警察出庭作证制度的确立——公安机关面临的问题及应对策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧林波; 翟萌

    2012-01-01

    修改后的刑事诉讼法首次以法律的形式规定了警察出庭作证制度。由于警察出庭作证在我国尚属新生事物,在实践中也没有相关经验和司法解释可以参考,因此大多数警察从心理上并未完全接受警察出庭作证制度,新法实施后他们一旦以证人身份走上法庭必将面临种种问题。为此,公安机关应当未雨绸缪,结合队伍现状,从多方面入手,通过理念灌输、强化庭审培训等方式及时适应这一发展。%The newly amended Law of Criminal Procedure specifies regulations of police testify in courts for the first time. As a new mode in China, it is lacking in relevant experience and judicial interpretation in practice and therefore psychologically, most of police cannot totally accept the new identity of testifying in courts and witnesses ready to answer any question. Due to the current situation, public security organs should take measures from dif- ferent aspects and employ such techniques as conceptions instill and enhancement of court training in order to comply with the new development.

  7. Descartáveis urbanos: discutindo a complexidade da população de rua e o desafio para políticas de saúde Urbans discarded: discussing the homeless population complexity and the challenge for public health policies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Varanda

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available A condição de precariedade da população adulta de rua é tratada no âmbito da saúde e das intervenções sociais visando levantar subsídios para a implementação de políticas públicas de saúde para essa população. A conceituação dessa população e sua relação com a exclusão social, a cidade, as economias paralelas, a globalização, as estratégias e os circuitos de sobrevivência desenvolvidos se inserem num contexto de oposição aos mecanismos de apartação social e rompimento dos vínculos familiares, bem como na forma de tratamento institucional. A precariedade e insalubridade das ruas, culminando em exposição e riscos cumulativos requerem intervenções e formas de tratamento orientadas, segundo a sua especificidade, desafiando os conceitos gerais de universalidade, integralidade e eqüidade do Sistema Único de Saúde.The adult homelessness is focused in the scope of the health and of social intervention intending to set up subsidies to the implementation of health public policies to this population. The conceptualization of this population and its relation with social exclusion, the city, the underground economies, globalization, strategies and the survival circuits, are inserted in a context of opposition to the social mechanisms that put them apart from society and breaks the family links. It is also related to institutional practices. The precariousness and unhealthiness from the streets results in a cumulative vulnerability which demands intervention and treatment according to a specific health condition, challenging the general concepts of universal access, integrality and equity of national health policies.

  8. On Optimizing Government's Comprehensive Management of Social Security Work System --Discussion from The Public Security Administration Punishment Law Article 6%论政府社会治安综合治理工作系统之优化——从《治安管理处罚法》第6条规定谈起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李富声

    2012-01-01

    《治安管理处罚法》第6条规定要求各级人民政府加强社会治安综合治理。政府现行的社会治安综合治理工作系统是彼此负相关增强系统,其此涨彼消、彼消此涨、归责在外、推诿指责的系统运行特征不能适应社会治安综合治理工作改革发展的要求。建立、完善正相关工作机制,将彼此负相关增强系统改造为彼此正负相关调节系统,是优化政府社会治安综合治理工作系统、改革完善社会治安综合治理工作系统必不可少的任务。%The Public Security Administration Punishment Law article 6 requires the people's governments at all levels to strengthen the comprehensive management of social security. The current work systems of the government's comprehensive management of social security are negative feedback augmentation systems,and the running characteristics of the systems, such as gains at the expense of the rest,blaming other for mistakes,can not adapt to the reform and development requirements of the work of comprehen- sive management of social security. It is essential in reforming and perfecting the work system of compre- hensive management of social security to build and perfect positive feedback mechanism and change the negative feedback augmentation systems into positive and negative feedback regulation system, comprehensive management of social security.

  9. Adventures in public data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaharevitz Dan W

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This article contains the slides and transcript of a talk given by Dan Zaharevitz at the "Visions of a Semantic Molecular Future" symposium held at the University of Cambridge Department of Chemistry on 2011-01-19. A recording of the talk is available on the University Computing Service's Streaming Media Service archive at http://sms.cam.ac.uk/media/1095515 (unfortunately the first part of the recording was corrupted, so the talk appears to begin at slide 6, 'At a critical time'. We believe that Dan's message comes over extremely well in the textual transcript and that it would be poorer for serious editing. In addition we have added some explanations and references of some of the concepts in the slides and text. (Charlotte Bolton; Peter Murray-Rust, University of Cambridge Editorial preface The following paper is part of a series of publications which arose from a Symposium held at the Unilever Centre for Molecular Informatics at the University of Cambridge to celebrate the lifetime achievements of Peter Murray-Rust. One of the motives of Peter's work was and is a better transport and preservation of data and information in scientific publications. In both respects the following publication is relevant: it is about public data and their representation, and the publication represents a non-standard experiment of transporting the content of the scientific presentation. As you will see, it consists of the original slides used by Dan Zaharevitz in his talk "Adventures in Public Data" at the Unilever Centre together with a diligent transcript of his speech. The transcribers have gone through great effort to preserve the original spirit of the talk by preserving colloquial language as it is used at such occasions. For reasons known to us, the original speaker was unable to submit the manuscript in a more conventional form. We, the Editors, have discussed in depth whether such a format is suitable for a scientific journal. We have eventually

  10. Adventures in public data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaharevitz, Dan W

    2011-10-14

    This article contains the slides and transcript of a talk given by Dan Zaharevitz at the "Visions of a Semantic Molecular Future" symposium held at the University of Cambridge Department of Chemistry on 2011-01-19. A recording of the talk is available on the University Computing Service's Streaming Media Service archive at http://sms.cam.ac.uk/media/1095515 (unfortunately the first part of the recording was corrupted, so the talk appears to begin at slide 6, 'At a critical time'). We believe that Dan's message comes over extremely well in the textual transcript and that it would be poorer for serious editing. In addition we have added some explanations and references of some of the concepts in the slides and text. (Charlotte Bolton; Peter Murray-Rust, University of Cambridge) EDITORIAL PREFACE: The following paper is part of a series of publications which arose from a Symposium held at the Unilever Centre for Molecular Informatics at the University of Cambridge to celebrate the lifetime achievements of Peter Murray-Rust. One of the motives of Peter's work was and is a better transport and preservation of data and information in scientific publications. In both respects the following publication is relevant: it is about public data and their representation, and the publication represents a non-standard experiment of transporting the content of the scientific presentation. As you will see, it consists of the original slides used by Dan Zaharevitz in his talk "Adventures in Public Data" at the Unilever Centre together with a diligent transcript of his speech. The transcribers have gone through great effort to preserve the original spirit of the talk by preserving colloquial language as it is used at such occasions. For reasons known to us, the original speaker was unable to submit the manuscript in a more conventional form. We, the Editors, have discussed in depth whether such a format is suitable for a scientific journal. We have eventually decided to publish this

  11. Characteristics of scientific web publications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorlund Jepsen, Erik; Seiden, Piet; Ingwersen, Peter Emil Rerup

    2004-01-01

    Because of the increasing presence of scientific publications on the Web, combined with the existing difficulties in easily verifying and retrieving these publications, research on techniques and methods for retrieval of scientific Web publications is called for. In this article, we report on the......Vista and AllTheWeb retrieved a higher degree of accessible scientific content than Google. Because of the search engine cutoffs of accessible URLs, the feasibility of using search engine output for Web content analysis is also discussed....

  12. 75 FR 9452 - Solicitation of Topics for Discussion at a Spent Fuel Storage and Transportation Licensing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-02

    ... COMMISSION Solicitation of Topics for Discussion at a Spent Fuel Storage and Transportation Licensing Conference AGENCY: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Solicitation of Topics for Discussion at a... Commission (NRC) is soliciting input on topics for discussion at a proposed June 23-24, 2010, public meeting...

  13. Writing for publication: the basics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahy, Kathleen

    2008-06-01

    Most midwives and nurses do not write for publication. Previous authors on this topic have focussed on the processes of writing and getting published. Although definitive English usage style guides exist, they are infrequently consulted by new midwifery authors. To enable new writers to confidently apply the basic skills of scientific writing when preparing a paper for publication. The basic skills needed for scientific writing are the focus of this paper. The importance of careful word choices is discussed first. Next, the skills of writing sentences are presented. Finally, the skills of writing paragraphs are discussed. Examples of poor and better writing are given in relation to each of these basic elements.

  14. Citizen Journalism & Public Interfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Martin; Strøbech, Kristian; Bang, Jørgen

    2011-01-01

    of views or plain information dissemination. Form the media institution’s point of view the goal was to create a platform for hyper local journalism as a source for journalistic coverage in commercial media. The group investigating civic communication within the Digital Urban Living project...... as digital providers of their own activities. In the paper we present our findings and reflect them in relation to the design of the web-portal and the profile of the users. Finally we discuss the further perspectives of this form of user/citizens involvement in public communication....

  15. Talk by Philippe Descola and discussion

    OpenAIRE

    DESCOLA, Philippe

    2004-01-01

    One hour talk, followed by hour of discussion, chaired by Stephen Hugh-Jones and filmed by Alan Macfarlane on 13 February 2004 Talk to anthropology seminar at Cambridge University by Philippe Descola on 'Ontologies', followed by questions and discussion.

  16. Discussing Diabetes with Your Healthcare Provider

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Diabetes Discussing Diabetes with Your Healthcare Provider Past Issues / Fall 2009 Table of Contents Diabetes Medicines—Always Discuss Them with Your Healthcare Provider ...

  17. Panel discussion: Proposals for improving OCL

    OpenAIRE

    Brucker, Achim D.; Clark, Tony; Dania, Carolina; Georg, Geri; Gogolla, Martin; Jouault, Frederic; Teniente López, Ernest; Wolff, Burkhart

    2014-01-01

    During the panel session at the OCL workshop, the OCL community discussed, stimulated by short presentations by OCL experts, potential future extensions and improvements of the OCL. As such, this panel discussion continued the discussion that started at the OCL meeting in Aachen in 2013 and on which we reported in the proceedings of the last year's OCL workshop. This collaborative paper, to which each OCL expert contributed one section, summarises the panel discussion as well as describes the...

  18. Discussion Technique: The Twice-Around

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, Kent

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author offers a discussion technique: the twice-around. A variant on the circular response discussion, the twice-around engages students by beginning with students' questions, ensuring equal time for all participants and inviting discussants to build on previous contributions. In the twice-around, participants sit in a circle,…

  19. Suppression and repression: A theoretical discussion illustrated by a movie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Lucia de Souza Campos Paiva

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The first translations of Freud's work into Portuguese have presented problems because they were not translated from the German language. More than a hundred years after the beginning of Psychoanalysis, there are still many discussions on Freud's metapsychology and a considerable difficulty in obtaining a consensus on the translation of some concepts. This paper refers back to Freud's concepts of primal repression, repression and suppression. In order to discuss such concepts, we have made use of a film, co-produced by Germans and Argentineans, which is named "The Song in me" (Das Lied in mir, released to the public in 2011 and directed by Florian Micoud Cossen. Through this motion picture, the following of Freud's concepts are analyzed, and the differentiation between them is discussed: suppression and repression, as well as the importance of their precise translation.

  20. 合肥某事业单位员工脂肪肝发病趋势及其相关因素探讨%Discussion on fatty liver morbidity and relevant factors of staffs in a public institution of Hefei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张萌; 郑慧; 张敏; 仇月玲

    2014-01-01

    目的:调查合肥某事业单位脂肪肝发病趋势及性别、年龄、血脂、血尿酸、血糖与脂肪肝发病的关系,为实施健康干预提供依据。方法对2009-2012年行健康体检的某事业单位员工根据年龄、性别分组调查脂肪肝的发病趋势,分析相关危险因素。结果2009-2012年受检者脂肪肝发病率分别为23.83%、24.64%、25.94%、29.08%(χ2=10.441,P =0.015),发病率逐年升高,男性明显高于女性。在脂肪肝患者中,脂肪肝合并高血脂者为63.29%;合并高尿酸者占8.46%;合并高血糖者占4.15%;单纯脂肪肝者占24.12%。年度间相比,脂肪肝合并高血脂者差异无统计学意义(χ2=1.770,P =0.622);脂肪肝合并高尿酸者逐年增高差异无统计学意义(χ2=6.693,P =0.082),有上升趋势;脂肪肝合并高血糖差异无统计学意义(χ2=1.863,P=0.601);不伴有血生化指标改变的脂肪肝检出率(χ2=6.627,P =0.099),有下降趋势。结论脂肪肝发生率高,男性高于女性。高血脂、高尿酸血症、高血糖常与脂肪肝伴发。%Objective This paper is to investigate the fatty liver morbidity and its related factors of staffs in a public institution of Hefei,and provide a basis for implementing health intervention.Methods Diagnosis of fatty liver by color Doppler ,for 2009 -201 2 examination in our hospital unit employees according to different age,gender grouping survey subjects fatty liver disease trends,analysis of fatty liver disease related factors.Results 2009 -201 2 incidence of fatty liver subjects were 23.83%,24.64%,25.94%,29.08%(χ2 =1 0.441 ,P =0.01 5),the incidence increased year by year,the male than female.Levels of uric acid and blood sugar elevated and serum uric acid were obvious different between people with and without fatty liver (χ2 =20.974,P =0.001 ).Conclusion The incidence of fatty

  1. From Public Relations to Corporate Public Diplomacy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Kirsten

    2017-01-01

    -win solutions supported by the general public. While existing research suggests that an important function of public relations is to create a perception of legitimacy and that the hope of economic and commercial public diplomacy is to create a perception of attractiveness among the public in foreign countries...

  2. Linking Bibliographic Data Bases: A Discussion of the Battelle Technical Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, C. Lee

    This document establishes the context, summarizes the contents, and discusses the Battelle technical report, noting certain constraints of the study. Further steps for the linking of bibliographic databases for use by academic and public libraries are suggested. (RAA)

  3. Depository Libraries and Public Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kessler, Ridley

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the Wright State University (Ohio) Library policy directive on customer service, and suggests this document as a model to follow in setting up service standards or guidelines for depository-library services. Draft-depository library public-service guidelines for government information in electronic format are appended. (JAK)

  4. New Public Management and Evaluation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.B.L. van der Meer (Frans-Bauke)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractIn this chapter I will discuss what evaluation does and can contribute to insight in the dynamics and effects of (new) public management reforms. To do so, I pose three key ques-tions: 1. How is evaluation actually applied in relation to NPM-reforms? 2. How are evaluation results used an

  5. Private Funds for Public Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addonizio, Michael F.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses sources of nontraditional revenue for public school systems: the result of donor activities (the solicitation of goods, services, and money via direct and indirect donations); enterprise activities (the selling or leasing of services or facilities); and shared or cooperative activities (pooling functions with other agencies or…

  6. New technologies in public relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz Tworzydło

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article includes an analysis and presentation of selected examples of communication tools, which are used in companies to create and maintain relationships with internal and external environment. The problems related with definition of public relations were also discussed. The article presents the advantage and negative consequences of the use of modern tools of PR, as well.

  7. Institutionalising of public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karkee, R

    2014-01-01

    Though public health situation in Nepal is under-developed, the public health education and workforce has not been prioritised. Nepal should institutionalise public health education by means of accrediting public health courses, registration of public health graduates in a data bank and increasing job opportunities for public health graduates in various institutions at government sector.

  8. When public service drama travels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Pia Majbritt; Waade, Anne Marit

    This paper will investigate how and to what extent the Danish public service broadcaster DR employs external funding for its drama productions. This investigation is carried out in order to discuss the schisms involved when a public service broadcaster – whose traditional obligations arguably...... such as canned programme export revenues, co-productions, pre-sale and format sale. We therefore believe it is relevant to explore how and to what extent DR makes use of external funding for its drama productions in order to discuss potential advantages and disadvantages in doing so for a public service...... pertain to the national sphere – becomes a player in the international market for television content and, as a consequence, partly reliant on international funding through either co-productions, canned programming export revenues, pre-sale or format sale. DR’s drama productions such as The Killing...

  9. Public conceptions of publicness in the wake of the Copenhagen killings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horsbøl, Anders

    2016-01-01

    The deadly attacks on a public meeting and on a Jewish citizen in Copenhagen in February 2015 have given rise to a vast amount of public discussion and interpretation of the events themselves, their background, their causes, their significance and their repercussions. During these discussions......, various conceptions of publicness and public space have been articulated. Indeed, one may view the killings as a ‘critical discourse moment’ (Chilton, 1987; Gamson and Modigliani, 1989) in which a range of discourses have been employed to help interpret, understand and deal with what happened. In several...... of these discourses, conceptions of publicness play a central part. This article sets out to investigate the conceptions of publicness that were articulated in the Danish public spheres following the attacks. The article maps out some of the key different and partly contradictory notions of publicness...

  10. Public conceptions of publicness in the wake of the Copenhagen killings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horsbøl, Anders

    2016-01-01

    The deadly attacks on a public meeting and on a Jewish citizen in Copenhagen in February 2015 have given rise to a vast amount of public discussion and interpretation of the events themselves, their background, their causes, their significance and their repercussions. During these discussions......, various conceptions of publicness and public space have been articulated. Indeed, one may view the killings as a ‘critical discourse moment’ (Chilton, 1987; Gamson and Modigliani, 1989) in which a range of discourses have been employed to help interpret, understand and deal with what happened. In several...... of these discourses, conceptions of publicness play a central part. This article sets out to investigate the conceptions of publicness that were articulated in the Danish public spheres following the attacks. The article maps out some of the key different and partly contradictory notions of publicness...

  11. Democratic discussion in newspaper reporting of the Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sykes, Robbie

    2008-10-01

    This article presents a Habermasian analysis of newspaper reporting of the debate surrounding the effect of the Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement (the FTA) on access to medicines through Australian patent law. Habermas's concept of the public sphere is utilised in determining whether discussion within the print media adequately conveyed complex legal issues to the public and facilitated democratic discussion. It was found that newspaper reporting generally failed to meet this standard.

  12. Online Public Deliberation in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Medaglia, Rony; Yang, Yang

    2017-01-01

    Internet discussion platforms in China provide a hugely interesting and relevant source for understanding dynamics of online discussions in a unique context. Adopting the theoretical lens of public deliberation, this paper investigates the evolution of patterns of similar-minded and different......-minded interactions over time on a Chinese online discussion forum. We analyse the content and reply networks of 18,000+ messages on four highly debated topics on the Bulletin Board System (BBS) platform Tianya. Findings provide nuanced evidence to the phenomenon of increased network homophily over time, mitigated...

  13. Reply: New results justify open discussion of alternative models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Andrew; Stein, Seth; Weber, John; Engeln, Joseph; Mao, Aitlin; Dixon, Timothy

    A millennium ago, Jewish sages wrote that “the rivalry of scholars increases wisdom.” In contrast, Schweig et al. (Eos, this issue) demand that “great caution” be exercised in discussing alternatives to their model of high seismic hazard in the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ). We find this view surprising; we have no objection to their and their coworkers' extensive efforts promoting their model in a wide variety of public media, but see no reason not to explore a lower-hazard alternative based on both new data and reanalysis of data previously used to justify their model. In our view, the very purpose of collecting new data and reassessing existing data is to promote spirited testing and improvement of existing hypotheses. For New Madrid, such open reexamination seems scientifically appropriate, given the challenge of understanding intraplate earthquakes, and socially desirable because of the public policy implications.

  14. When public service drama travels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Pia Majbritt; Nielsen, Jakob Isak; Waade, Anne Marit

    2016-01-01

    This article provides a detailed analysis of how the Danish public service broadcaster DR employs external funding for its drama productions. This investigation is carried out in order to discuss the schisms involved when a public service broadcaster – whose traditional obligations arguably pertain...... the last 15 years, our empirical data also show significant new patterns in production culture and international market orientation within DR. Interestingly, however, our study demonstrates the distinctive contribution that precisely DR’s public service remit has made to the quality of its drama...... assessed on the basis of existing theory and expert interviews conducted with significant industry professionals at DR’s Drama Division, DR Sales, German public broadcaster ZDF’s commercial sales arm ZDF Enterprises, and independent Danish production companies Nimbus Film and Miso Film. Specific cases...

  15. Balancing Public and Private Regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martijn Scheltema

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Voluntary Sustainability Standards (VSS might develop into a viable alternative to public regulation. However, it turns on the (regulatory circumstances whether that holds true in practice. If public regulation on CSR topics is lacking, governments are unable to agree upon certain topics on a global level or diverging public regulation exists, VSS can be helpful to set global standards. Obviously, private standards will especially be helpful if they are commensurate with local public legislation (and e.g. treaties and/or are accepted by local governments. If one neglects this, numerous domestic structures might exist that frustrate VSS. Furthermore, governments have to remain vigilant as to whether these private regimes do not result in market disruption, consumer detriment or hamper trade. VSS might also compete with public arrangements which might limit the uptake of VSS. However, if public regulation exists VSS might be a viable alternative if compliance with not too compelling public norms by market participants is rather poor and the public policymaker is aiming to incentivize the better performing part of the market to embark on higher standards and thus only desires to regulate the less performing part of the market. However, of paramount importance is the effectiveness of VSS in order to be a viable alternative to public regulation. The effectiveness of VSS should be assessed using an integrated multi-disciplinary (comparative approach entailing legal, impact-assessment, legitimacy, governance and behavioural aspects. Only effective VSS in the aforementioned sense are a true alternative to public regulation.Beyond that, the legal perspective in connection with (the effectiveness of VSS is discussed, featuring FSC and UTZ Certified as an example. It is important from this perspective that VSS have a clear and sufficiently selective objective and sufficiently specific norms, are regularly evaluated, entail ‘conflict of law rules’ and

  16. Balancing Public and Private Regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martijn Scheltema

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Voluntary Sustainability Standards (VSS might develop into a viable alternative to public regulation. However, it turns on the (regulatory circumstances whether that holds true in practice. If public regulation on CSR topics is lacking, governments are unable to agree upon certain topics on a global level or diverging public regulation exists, VSS can be helpful to set global standards. Obviously, private standards will especially be helpful if they are commensurate with local public legislation (and e.g. treaties and/or are accepted by local governments. If one neglects this, numerous domestic structures might exist that frustrate VSS. Furthermore, governments have to remain vigilant as to whether these private regimes do not result in market disruption, consumer detriment or hamper trade. VSS might also compete with public arrangements which might limit the uptake of VSS. However, if public regulation exists VSS might be a viable alternative if compliance with not too compelling public norms by market participants is rather poor and the public policymaker is aiming to incentivize the better performing part of the market to embark on higher standards and thus only desires to regulate the less performing part of the market. However, of paramount importance is the effectiveness of VSS in order to be a viable alternative to public regulation. The effectiveness of VSS should be assessed using an integrated multi-disciplinary (comparative approach entailing legal, impact-assessment, legitimacy, governance and behavioural aspects. Only effective VSS in the aforementioned sense are a true alternative to public regulation.Beyond that, the legal perspective in connection with (the effectiveness of VSS is discussed, featuring FSC and UTZ Certified as an example. It is important from this perspective that VSS have a clear and sufficiently selective objective and sufficiently specific norms, are regularly evaluated, entail ‘conflict of law rules’ and

  17. Student-Created Public Relations for Gifted Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisland, Amy

    2003-01-01

    This article discusses the benefits of student participation in a gifted public relations campaign, including creating public support for gifted programming and developing leadership skills. Steps for developing a formal unit of instruction on public relations are described, along with ideas for public relations activities. (Contains references.)…

  18. What Cultural Values Influence American Public Relations Practitioners?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasquez, Gabriel M.; Taylor, Maureen

    1999-01-01

    Examines the role of culture as a key variable in public relations research and practice. Finds (1) American practitioners continue to practice one-way models of public relations; and (2) public relations practitioners who have collectivistic values tend to practice two-way models of public relations. Discusses implications for theory and…

  19. The Definition, Dimensions, and Domain of Public Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutton, James G.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses how the field of public relations has left itself vulnerable to other fields that are making inroads into public relations' traditional domain, and to critics who are filling in their own definitions of public relations. Proposes a definition and a three-dimensional framework to compare competing philosophies of public relations and to…

  20. Privatization: The Challenge Ahead for Public Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeAngelo, Linda

    This paper discusses privatization of public higher education, noting that some form of it exists on almost every college campus and that it is part of the wider movement toward less government. Four models of privatization are defined: public production with public finance; public production with private finance; private production with public…

  1. 12 CFR 261b.4 - Meetings open to public observation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Meetings open to public observation. 261b.4... RESERVE SYSTEM RULES REGARDING PUBLIC OBSERVATION OF MEETINGS § 261b.4 Meetings open to public observation... public observation. (b) Copies of staff documents considered in connection with agency discussion of...

  2. Prisoner reentry: a public health or public safety issue for social work practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, George T

    2013-01-01

    A significant literature identifies the policy, economic, health, and social challenges that confront released prisoners. This literature also describes the public health and public safety risks associated with prisoner reentry, provides recommendations for improving the reentry process, and describes the effectiveness of prison-based programs on recidivism rates. Public health and public safety risks are particularly significant in communities where large numbers of prisoners are released and few evidence-based services exist. The purpose of this article is to describe the public health and public safety risks that released prisoners experience when they reenter communities, and to discuss the social justice issues relevant for social work practice.

  3. Accelerating scientific publication in biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vale, Ronald D

    2015-11-03

    Scientific publications enable results and ideas to be transmitted throughout the scientific community. The number and type of journal publications also have become the primary criteria used in evaluating career advancement. Our analysis suggests that publication practices have changed considerably in the life sciences over the past 30 years. More experimental data are now required for publication, and the average time required for graduate students to publish their first paper has increased and is approaching the desirable duration of PhD training. Because publication is generally a requirement for career progression, schemes to reduce the time of graduate student and postdoctoral training may be difficult to implement without also considering new mechanisms for accelerating communication of their work. The increasing time to publication also delays potential catalytic effects that ensue when many scientists have access to new information. The time has come for life scientists, funding agencies, and publishers to discuss how to communicate new findings in a way that best serves the interests of the public and the scientific community.

  4. Accounting for Outcomes in Case Discussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrigan, Stephanie Zweig; Morine-Dershimer, Greta

    This study analyzes the reaction essays of 24 elementary preservice teachers who read and discussed the same case. The preservice teachers were in two different sections of the same special topics course. Care was taken to balance the sections as closely as possible by age, ethnicity, and major areas. Graduate discussion leaders were chosen to…

  5. Engaging All Students in Mathematical Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahr, Damon L.; Bahr, Kim

    2017-01-01

    Many teachers try to engage their students in meaningful mathematical discussions in which one or more students share their thinking about a problem while the other students are expected to listen and learn from the sharing. Indeed, such discussions can help students learn from one another and promote high levels of mathematical proficiency.…

  6. Discussion Starters. Technical Note No. 25.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yunus, Ibrahim; Dilts, Russ

    Discussion starters, the result of collaboration between the Indonesian Directorate General of Nonformal Education, Youth, and Sports, and World Education, Inc., are simple learning tools used to generate discussion among community groups involved in nonformal education. Appropriate in and adaptable to a variety of settings, content areas, and…

  7. Discussion across Borders: Benefits for Collaborative Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whatley, Janice; Bell, Frances

    2003-01-01

    Discussion of computer mediated communication in higher education online learning focuses on a report of two cycles of action research into the use of online discussion forums to enable groups of students from different countries to collaborate with each other in achieving learning outcomes specific to each group. (Author/LRW)

  8. Interteaching: Discussion Group Size and Course Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truelove, Jacob C.; Saville, Bryan K.; Van Patten, Ryan

    2013-01-01

    Researchers have yet to examine whether discussion group size affects student performance in an interteaching-based course. In the current study, we addressed this question by manipulating discussion group size (smaller groups of 2 students vs. larger groups of 4 students) across 2 sections of an undergraduate psychology course. We found no…

  9. Enhancing Understanding and Interest through Group Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon, Patrick

    2006-01-01

    Group discussion allows students to learn how to "talk to someone." Through group discussion, students can acquire or refine a broad range of attributes, from basic oratory skills to a more sophisticated development of communicative competence to embracing and valuing dialogic interchange and reflexivity. In this article, the author explains how…

  10. Three discussions on object-oriented typing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwartzbach, Michael Ignatieff; Palsberg, Jens

    1992-01-01

    This paper summarizes three discussions conducted at the ECOOP'91 W5 Workshop on "Types, Inheritance, and Assignments" Tuesday July 16, 1991 in Geneva, Switzerland, organized by the authors.......This paper summarizes three discussions conducted at the ECOOP'91 W5 Workshop on "Types, Inheritance, and Assignments" Tuesday July 16, 1991 in Geneva, Switzerland, organized by the authors....

  11. Public Service Motivation and Paternalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm Pedersen, Lene; Qvistgaard, Lars

    holds a potential to improve public service provision (Belle, 2013, Andersen et al., 2014), it also has dark sides (Van Loon et al., 2015, forthcoming). The aim of this paper is to analyze and discuss how one type of public service motivated individuals (paternalistic knights) and constitute a problem...... of democratic accountability. The setting of this discussion is unusual for the PSM literature, and takes PSM into the analysis and discussion of motivation and paternalism in trade unions. This setting is relevant and interesting as the election of representatives is based on elections, and hence trade unions...... are democratic organizations, but they are also organizations which frequently are critiqued for paternalism. More specifically the research question is how the motivation of the elected representatives is associated to their paternalistic orientation in negotiations on performance pay? The central independent...

  12. National GAP Conference 2007-Discussion Groups Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratz, Joan M.; Lamb, Berton Lee

    2010-01-01

    We led two discussion groups during the 2007 National GAP Conference. These discussion groups provided information to help develop a survey of National Gap Analysis Program (GAP) data users. One group discussed technical issues, and the second group discussed the use of GAP data for decisionmaking. Themes emerging from the technical issues group included concerns about data quality, need for information on how to use data, and passive data distribution. The decisionmaking discussion included a wide range of topics including the need to understand presentation of information, the need to connect with and understand users of data, the revision of GAP's mission, and the adaptability of products and data. The decisionmaking group also raised concerns regarding technical issues. One conclusion is that a deep commitment to ongoing information transfer and support is a key component of success for the GAP program.

  13. A study on environment public spending

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wellington Bueno

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This text deals with the importance of studying environment public spending. Initially, we discuss the concept of environment public spending and how it became a public accounting function. Later, an analysis of several studies on the theme was carried out to promote a discussion on the environment public funds allocated by governments. Next, a discussion on the relevance of the theme and the need for further studies is presented, since investments on environment management still need to be better allocated and duly dimensioned. Currently, transparence in public spending has promoted the realization of more studies, leading to a more careful observation of environmental issues by the society, showing that these issues still need more attention from the goverment.

  14. Protocols.io: Virtual Communities for Protocol Development and Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teytelman, Leonid; Stoliartchouk, Alexei; Kindler, Lori; Hurwitz, Bonnie L

    2016-08-01

    The detailed know-how to implement research protocols frequently remains restricted to the research group that developed the method or technology. This knowledge often exists at a level that is too detailed for inclusion in the methods section of scientific articles. Consequently, methods are not easily reproduced, leading to a loss of time and effort by other researchers. The challenge is to develop a method-centered collaborative platform to connect with fellow researchers and discover state-of-the-art knowledge. Protocols.io is an open-access platform for detailing, sharing, and discussing molecular and computational protocols that can be useful before, during, and after publication of research results.

  15. On the integration of public law jurisprudence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Shuhong

    2006-01-01

    After two to three hundred years of development,modern public laws have become more and more important,mature and integrated especially since the 20th century.Traditionally,the dispersive and overlapping public law researches were grounded on the sectional public laws like constitutional law,administrative law,criminal law,procedural law,international public law,etc.Nevertheless,with all-around emergence of public law,the traditional research method can no longer adapt to the development needs of the modern public law.Therefore,it is quite necessary for us to create a kind of moderate unified public law between the laws and the sectional public laws,so as to do comprehensive,integrated and systematic researches on various sectional public laws.Based on the indepth argumentation about the necessity of developing unified public laws,this paper further puts forward that,to discuss an all-encompassing way about the main problems of creating the unified public laws and expect to fill the gap with it,the unified public law should define its study objectives mainly focused on the contents of integrated public law criteria,common public law features and general public law rules and so on;form its theoretical basis on the line of the relations between public power and the citizen privilege;establish its category structure found on the concept of public power and the derivative core and basic categories;and build up the disciplinary system based on the systematic integrity of the public law research results.

  16. Back Bay Wilderness study : Public hearing analysis

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is an analysis of the public hearing that took place on May 15th, 1974 which discussed the Back Bay Wilderness. The analysis shows that there is...

  17. Philippine Public Relations: An Industry and Practitioner Profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panol, Zenaida Sarabia

    2000-01-01

    Provides a comprehensive look at public relations in the Philippines; traces how public relations evolved in this Southeast Asian country; and discusses the current status of the industry and its practitioners. (NH)

  18. Introduction to the Paradigm Struggle in Public Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botan, Carl

    1993-01-01

    Describes the ongoing state of change in the domain of public relations, with special attention to model shifts. Defines model struggles and discusses the emergence of international public relations along with other recent trends. (HB)

  19. Public Relations in the Public Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valentini, Chiara

    2013-01-01

    of the Excellence Project in Public Relations and thus applies a research instrument similar to that used in other international scholarly investigations in public relations. The population comprises civil servants working in information and communication activities for Italian public administrations. Findings...... relations. Research limitations: Due to a lack of information on the exact number of public communication officers working in the Italian public administration and a too small number of respondents in one of the respondent groups, it is not possible to draw inferences or general conclusions from...... knowledge on strategic public relations and public communication by offering a specific analysis of the strategic management of information and communication programs in the Italian public administration....

  20. Chinese women's participation in fertility discussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, L

    1993-01-01

    In an attempt to better understand the process through which the family planning (FP) programs and socioeconomic developments in China affect fertility, women's participation in fertility discussions with their husbands are examined as an intermediate factor in a study based on results of a random survey of 6654 ever-married women of reproductive age from 7 cities and 30 counties of Guangdong. First, it must be noted that Chinese couples do have individual choices (albeit quite limited ones) about their fertility; they can choose to follow or ignore government policy or they can choose to remain childless. The present study has 3 major hypotheses: 1) the more a woman is involved in fertility discussions with her husband, the fewer children she will have; 2) urban women with a higher educational status will be more likely to have such discussions; and 3) women who are contacted individually by FP personnel are more likely to be involved in fertility discussions. After a discussion of data collection and variables (number of living children, education of wife and husband, age at marriage, residence, living with parents, contacted by FP personnel, and discussion with husband), the results are presented in terms of zero-order correlation coefficients indicating their relationships. The bivariate analysis supported the hypotheses. Multiple regression analysis showed that age at marriage, education of wives and husbands, FP contacts, and participation in discussions remain significant fertility determinants (but the correlation between fertility and residence becomes trivial). A further regression model indicated that a woman's educational attainment is the most significant positive indication of their participation in fertility discussions. These results imply that as women's status continues to improve in China and the deeply-rooted patriarchal tradition loses hold, increased gender equity and education will influence a fertility decline. FP personnel could also

  1. Pathogenesis of Bacterial Vaginosis: Discussion of Current Hypotheses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muzny, Christina A; Schwebke, Jane R

    2016-08-15

    In April 2015, the Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases hosted an experts technical consultation on bacterial vaginosis (BV), where data regarding controversies over the pathogenesis of BV were discussed. The discussion on the epidemiology and pathogenesis of BV is presented here, and several hypotheses on its pathogenesis are critiqued. Rigorous hypothesis-driven studies are needed to ultimately determine the cause of BV. This information is vital for the prevention and control of this important infection and its adverse public health consequences. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail journals.permissions@oup.com.

  2. [Socioeconomic status and health: a discussion of two paradigms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antunes, José Leopoldo Ferreira

    2008-06-01

    Socioeconomic status and its impact on health are in the mainstream of public health thinking. This text discusses two paradigms utilized in assessing socioeconomic status in epidemiologic studies. One paradigm refers to prestige-based measurements and positive differentiation among social strata. This paradigm is characterized by classifications assessing social capital and the access to goods and services. The other paradigm refers to the classification of social deprivation and negative differentiation among social strata. The proposal of State-funded reposition to the mostly deprived social strata is acknowledged as characteristic of this paradigm. The contrast between these paradigms, and their potential interaction and debate are discussed. Fostering reflection on methodological strategies to assess socioeconomic status in epidemiologic studies can contribute to the promotion of health and social justice.

  3. The Performance of Public Organization: Still Unclear

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bacanu B.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the present discussions about the organisation’s performance have revealed the fact that the concept is unclear. The use of the concept is more difficult in public organisations. The paper presents the case of Romanian SOE Hidroelectrica and the case of public universities, to pinpoint the fact that ambiguous objectives are the cause of a dilemmatic management. The general opinion is that the results of the public organisations management reflect a poor performance of the latter.

  4. Collusion in Public Procurement: ways of analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Svetlana Pivovarova

    2009-01-01

    The paper presents a brief overview of theoretical and empirical literature on collusion in public procurement. We discuss the main economic models of collusion, the impact of market factors on the appearance and sustainability of collusion, and the ways of hindering collusion in the public procurement through different stages of the procurement cycle. We also describe the main empirical and econometric models of detecting and classifying collusion in the public procurement.

  5. Ethics problems and theories in public relations

    OpenAIRE

    Grunig, James E.

    2015-01-01

    Public relations professionals encounter ethical problems as individuals who make decisions about their professional lives. They also serve as ethical counselors to organizations, a role in which they help organizations behave in ethical, responsible, and sustainable ways. This introduction defines ethics and social responsibility and discusses the possibilities and obstacles that public relations professionals face in the role of ethical counselor. Seven research problems in public relations...

  6. SOME ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF PUBLIC LABELING

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    This article discusses economic issues related to public labeling. The main contributions in both the empirical and theoretical literatures are presented in order to motivate responses to the questions, when should a regulator promote public labeling, and what are the limits to and the possible market distortions from public labeling? Although the issues are complicated, there is already much economic guidance that can be given to inform the policy debate over food labeling.

  7. Social science knowledge as a public good

    OpenAIRE

    Dalrymple, D.G.

    2005-01-01

    Metadata only record This chapter provides some notions and information that could help stimulate a more widespread awareness of social science knowledge as a public good. It starts from the point of view of economics and then moves to some other components of the social sciences. The characteristics of public social science research, the funding and prioritization of public social science research, and some implications for social research at the CGIAR, are discussed. (CAB Abstract)

  8. Panel Discussion on Inducer Design Criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Wegner

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reports a panel discussion titled Inducer Design Criteria presented at the 9th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena and Dynamics of Rotating Machinery (ISROMAC-9. The presentations of the panelists and the subsequent discussions are summarized. It is shown that cavitation instabilities are major problems in modern turbopumps and that design criteria to eliminate them are needed. Available design methods for inducers and marine propellers are reviewed, and new criteria to enhance stability are proposed. The current status of CFD is reviewed and an example of successful application is shown. Discussions of several specific topics are reported and future research needs are noted.

  9. 76 FR 13642 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... Health (CDRH) and to members of the public, including the medical device industry, health care....m. to 12 noon EST. Location: The public meeting will be held at the Sheraton Orlando Downtown Hotel... information and discuss issues of importance to the public, including the medical device industry, health care...

  10. Arhitektuur avaliku arutluse teemana = Architecture as a Topic for Public Discussion / Maarja Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Maarja, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli ajakirjanduse ja kommunikatsiooni osakonna meediauuringute dotsent Maarja Lõhmus püüab kaardistada kujunenud meediavälja ja esitada neid indikaatoreid, millest praegu sõltub arhitektuuri käsitlemine avalikkuses

  11. Discussion on a Public Hospital's Practice in Culture Shaping and Innovative Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Peiying

    2015-05-01

    Culture shaping is an important part of a hospital's quality management to enhance its medical service, improve doctor-patient relations, and cement its brand image (Jianping and Hong in Chinese Hospital Management 29(1):36-37, 2009). First built in 1953, Xuzhou Central Hospital is a tertiary general hospital in the Huaihai Economic Zone and has won a series of honorary titles for its reforms, innovations, and the level of medical services provided. In recent years, the hospital has increased its efforts in culture shaping through the construction of special departments, medical services, hospital culture, and professional ethics. This has resulted in substantial progress in the hospital's medical capabilities and service quality, and laid a solid foundation to achieve its ambitious goal of becoming a nationally prestigious hospital, among the best in Jiangsu and a regional healthcare center in the Huaihai Economic Zone.

  12. Arhitektuur avaliku arutluse teemana = Architecture as a Topic for Public Discussion / Maarja Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Maarja, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli ajakirjanduse ja kommunikatsiooni osakonna meediauuringute dotsent Maarja Lõhmus püüab kaardistada kujunenud meediavälja ja esitada neid indikaatoreid, millest praegu sõltub arhitektuuri käsitlemine avalikkuses

  13. Teaching Mathematical Subjects to Students with Musculoskeletal Disabilities: Public and Peer Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jie; Utemov, Vyacheslav V.; Kalimullin, Aydar M.

    2017-01-01

    The Russian and international legislation ensure equal educational rights to all people regardless of whether have a disability or not. However, traditional approaches to organization of educational activities often do not provide a high enough level of education (including higher education) for people with disabilities as they do not take into…

  14. Bullying Prevention for Public Health Practitioners

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-01-19

    This podcast discusses bullying as a public health problem, and provides information and resources for public health practitioners.  Created: 1/19/2012 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 1/19/2012.

  15. Teaching the Arts of Public Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, Shaun

    2006-01-01

    While intense discussions are raging over the definition and status of public theology, within graduate theological education relatively little attention is being paid to the teaching of the practices of public theology. This article explores one venue in graduate theological education that attempts to equip seminary and divinity school students…

  16. Reevaluating the Basic Public Speaking Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalton, Diana G.

    This essay develops the position that the basic public speaking course is in need of reevaluation. Topics discussed include the importance of adopting a critical pedagogical stance, Paolo Freire's (1983) banking versus problem-posing concepts of education, the problems arising from the prevalent use of teaching assistants as public speaking…

  17. Public Opinion Poll Question Databases: An Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, Stephen

    2007-01-01

    This paper evaluates five polling resource: iPOLL, Polling the Nations, Gallup Brain, Public Opinion Poll Question Database, and Polls and Surveys. Content was evaluated on disclosure standards from major polling organizations, scope on a model for public opinion polls, and presentation on a flow chart discussing search limitations and usability.

  18. 75 FR 70015 - External Defibrillators; Public Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-16

    ... of innovative AED features such as automated integration into local 9-1-1 systems. FDA will work with... consumers, to share perspectives. II. Topics for Discussion at the Public Workshop The public workshop will... signals, or enhance the use of external defibrillators? III. Transcripts Please be advised that as soon...

  19. Cultural Interest Goods as Public Goods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Vargas-Ayala

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the debate regarding the nature of goods of cultural interest as public goods, discussion until now overlooked by the legal doctrine in Administrative Law. Through the exam of judicial decisions, it seeks to question their inalienable character, and their aptitude to be acquired by the State, case in which they shift their nature into public goods.

  20. Public Address Systems. Specifications - Installation - Operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Fred M.

    Provisions for public address in new construction of campus buildings (specifications, installations, and operation of public address systems), are discussed in non-technical terms. Consideration is given to microphones, amplifiers, loudspeakers and the placement and operation of various different combinations. (FS)

  1. Physical Education's Role in Public Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sallis, James F.; McKenzie, Thomas L.

    1991-01-01

    Analyzes contributions physical education makes to child and adult health. Topics discussed are current levels of U.S. children's physical activity; status of elementary physical education programs; health-related physical activity interventions; public health analysis of elementary physical education; and public health role and goal for physical…

  2. Media and public accountability: Typology and exploration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, S.; Schillemans, T.

    2016-01-01

    The role of the media in public accountability has often been discussed. This is especially the case for public sector organisations, whose accountability relations have changed in the shift from government to governance. In this paper, we develop a typology of the ways mass media are involved in

  3. Media and public accountability: Typology and exploration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, S.; Schillemans, T.

    2016-01-01

    The role of the media in public accountability has often been discussed. This is especially the case for public sector organisations, whose accountability relations have changed in the shift from government to governance. In this paper, we develop a typology of the ways mass media are involved in pu

  4. Mechanisms of Change in Public Management Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Tiina Soininen

    2013-01-01

    This article draws conclusions from four separate case evaluations from different development programs in Finland and aims to discuss the role of welfare state values in new public management. The study develops a comprehensive picture of the change in public management since 2000. The synthesis of the four case studies follows the critical realism tradition. This article shows that cooperation forms the key mechanism ...

  5. Teaching Organizational Behavior Through Discussion Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fineman, Stephen; Hamblin, Anthony C.

    1978-01-01

    An educational experiment in teaching organizational behavior to undergraduates in England is reported, with focus on the value and limitations of a systematic form of discussion-group learning based upon a framework outlined by Fawcett Hill. (LBH)

  6. Enhancing critical thinking with literary discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    رضا پیشقدم

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The major aim of this study was to investigate the effect of literary discussion on critical thinking. To this end, two classes (experimental and control groups were selected from College of Ferdowsi University. In both groups literature was used as supplementary homework. Students were supposed to read short stories and poems at home and present them in class. The students in the experimental group were discussing the materials in class and the students in the control group only memorized the texts and retold them. At the end of the term, the students were asked to take a questionnaire on critical thinking. The results demonstrated that there was a significant difference between means of two groups, implying that literary discussion can enhance critical thinking. Finally, results were discussed in the context of education in Iran and some suggestions were made.

  7. Discussing College English Learners' Attitude and Motivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜自凤

    2009-01-01

    Many English learners claim that they have trouble in communicating with foreigners.Therefore,this paper isto discuss college English learners' attitude and motivation toward English learning by analyzing the obstacles of English learning.

  8. Learning Styles and Online Discussion Posts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herbert Rau

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Scholars have suggested models proposing a variety of learning styles for humans. Human Dynamics is one such model, and it has been suggested within its model that one style of learning is enhanced by discussion among learners. While this style of learning may be accomplished relatively easily in an on-campus person-to-person situation, it is not clear how a discussion mode (online posts of learning might be accomplished in an online format. A study of more than 9,000 posts from 240 students in 11 different online classes was conducted to determine whether differences in online discussion posts by individuals with different learning styles were evident. Results of the study suggest that discussion post activity, if managed with suitable rubrics and guiding principles, and augmented by appropriate modeling behavior, is an effective teaching mode for all dynamics, but seem to be a more successful learning mode for individuals of Physically Centered dynamics.

  9. Dr. Irvin Yalom Discusses Group Psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forester-Miller, Holly

    1989-01-01

    In this interview, Dr. Irvin Yalom, director of the Adult Psychiatry Clinic at Stanford University School of Medicine, discusses his beginnings as a group psychotherapist, current issues in group work, and the future of group work. (Author/TE)

  10. Finding Malicious Cyber Discussions in Social Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-11

    One of our goals with the cyber classifiers we are developing is to have them filter or concentrate documents from social media sources so an analyst...1 » Finding Malicious Cyber Discussions in Social Media Richard P. Lippmann, William M. Campbell, David J. Weller-Fahy, Alyssa C. Mensch...Giselle M. Zeno, and Joseph P. Campbell Today’s analysts manually examine social media networks to find discussions concerning planned cyberattacks

  11. Divisions Panel Discussion: Astronomy for Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Govender, Kevin; Hemenway, Mary Kay; Wolter, Anna; Haghighipour, Nader; Yan, Yihua; van Dishoeck, E. F.; Silva, David; Guinan, Edward

    2016-10-01

    The main purpose of this panel discussion was to encourage conversation around potential collaborations between the IAU Office of Astronomy for Development (OAD) and IAU Divisions. The discussion was facilitated by the OAD and the conversation revolved mainly around two questions: (i) What should the OAD be doing to enhance the work of the Divisions? (ii) What could the Divisions (both members and respective scientific discipline in general) contribute towards the implementation of the IAU strategic plan?

  12. Music and Public Health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole; Juel, Knud; Ekholm, Ola

    2016-01-01

    Background: ‘Music and public health’ is a new field of study. Few scientific studies with small samples have documented health implications of musical participation. Research questions in this epidemiological study were: 1) Is there an association between self-rated health and active use of music...... in daily life? 2) What associations can be observed between musical background, uses and understanding of music as a health factor, and self-reported health? Method: Data came from the Danish Health and Morbidity Survey 2013, based on a simple random sample of 25.000 adult Danes (16+ years). Response rate......: 57%. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate associations between musical background/activities and health-related indicators. Discussion: The study documents that a majority of informants use music to regulate physical and psychological states...

  13. Proactive Public Disclosure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boll, Karen; Tell, Michael

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses proactive public disclosure of taxpayer information and how this may form a new strategy for securing tax compliance by tax administrators. It reports a case study from the Danish Customs and Tax Administration in which consumers of services–over a short period of time...... Governance. The article is innovative in that it combines a legal and organizational approach to analyse a new regulatory strategy within tax administration.......–were informed about businesses’ lack of value-added tax (VAT) registration. Our approach to the case is twofold: First, the article lays out a legal analysis of the disclosure practice, and second, the article presents an organizational analysis of why the practice was initiated. The analyses show that using...

  14. [Challenge in scientific publication].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volpato, Gilson Luiz; de Freitas, Eliane Gonçalves

    2003-05-01

    We discuss the main problems which make a scientific text difficult to find, to be read or to be accepted by readers. A scientific text is considered a logical argument. Therefore, methods, results and data from literature are premises supporting the conclusions of the work; and in the "Introduction" session, the justification corroborates the objective of the study. This conception makes the text a hermetically coherent structure where only the necessary data should be included (some controversy is still pertinent). In a second step, we show formal mistakes in scientific writing which make texts less attractive. Thus, we give examples of errors or inadequacy of formal aspects of presenting titles, abstracts, results (figures and tables), and grammar mistakes in Portuguese (but also valid for English grammar). After that, we emphasize the need for writing in international language (English) and for publication in periodicals with international impact on the scientific community. Finally, considerations to improve the Brazilian periodicals in the biological area are presented.

  15. Science education crisis: Problems, solutions discussed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolcott, John

    Public concern about the state of science education in America at the pre-college and college levels is widespread, triggered largely by the perception that we are losing ground in the global economy. Science, and particularly technology, are seen as our most likely sources of recovery. For those who recall the public reaction to the launching of Sputnik by Russia in 1957, the present mood is similar, if somewhat less intense.AGU members are in a unique position to influence debate about the science education crisis. Many of us, either as experts in some subset of physical science issues, as teachers at the college level, or even as parents observing our children's experiences in elementary or secondary school classrooms, may offer insight to this debate.

  16. Discussion on Localization Management Strategy of KFC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马遥

    2015-01-01

    In the contemporary society, localization and globalization are inseparable. For multinational corporations, enhancing the relationship between multinational corporations and host countries can achieve a win-win situation. Through analyze the lo-calization management strategies in the field of menu, slogan,ingredient and public relationship of of KFC and conclude that Chinese culture, the needs, preference of Chinese people, good government relationship is more important to multinational cor-porations.

  17. The European Public on Social Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tarta, Ancuta-Gabriela

    This study explorers the European public on social media by discussing the case of communicative interactions taking place on the official Facebook page of the European Parliament. Based on the theoretical framework conceptualizing the public and the public sphere on social network sites, the study...... examines the European social media public from two perspectives. The first is a top-down, institutional perspective of European Parliament, based on a case-study approach to the way this European institution constructs and addresses the public through its social media communication. The second is a bottom......-up perspective of the public of social media users, informed by a content analysis of Facebook comments and a discourse analysis of live chat interactions with Members of the European Parliament. Results confirm a discursive potential of the Facebook public of users. In the case of the Facebook comment threads...

  18. Public chemical compound databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Anthony J

    2008-05-01

    The internet has rapidly become the first port of call for all information searches. The increasing array of chemistry-related resources that are now available provides chemists with a direct path to the information that was previously accessed via library services and was limited by commercial and costly resources. The diversity of the information that can be accessed online is expanding at a dramatic rate, and the support for publicly available resources offers significant opportunities in terms of the benefits to science and society. While the data online do not generally meet the quality standards of manually curated sources, there are efforts underway to gather scientists together and 'crowdsource' an improvement in the quality of the available data. This review discusses the types of public compound databases that are available online and provides a series of examples. Focus is also given to the benefits and disruptions associated with the increased availability of such data and the integration of technologies to data mine this information.

  19. Public Relations in the Public Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valentini, Chiara

    2013-01-01

    of the Excellence Project in Public Relations and thus applies a research instrument similar to that used in other international scholarly investigations in public relations. The population comprises civil servants working in information and communication activities for Italian public administrations. Findings...... relations. Research limitations: Due to a lack of information on the exact number of public communication officers working in the Italian public administration and a too small number of respondents in one of the respondent groups, it is not possible to draw inferences or general conclusions from...... the findings. The study also suffers from the limits of a quantitative research approach, which provides less elaborate accounts of public communication officers’ perceptions of the strategic role of communication in the public sector. Originality/value of paper: This study contributes to the existing...

  20. Public Value Dimensions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, lotte bøgh; Beck Jørgensen, Torben; Kjeldsen, Anne-Mette

    2012-01-01

    Further integration of the public value literature with other strands of literature within Public Administration necessitates a more specific classification of public values. This paper applies a typology linked to organizational design principles, because this is useful for empirical public...... administration studies. Based on an existing typology of modes of governance, we develop a classification and test it empirically, using survey data from a study of the values of 501 public managers. We distinguish between seven value dimensions (the public at large, rule abidance, societal interests, budget...... the integration between the public value literature and other parts of the Public Administration discipline....

  1. hosp310 all week discussion latest 2015 october [ all 14 discussions

    OpenAIRE

    Laynebaril

    2017-01-01

      hosp310 all week discussion latest 2015 october [ all 14 discussions] Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/hosp310-all-week-discussion-latest/   Discussion 1 Why are the baby boomers so important? What impact do you see them having on the hospitality industry in the next few years? In the longer-term future? Please refer to Chapter Two as you participate in this discussion.  Tip for Beginning the Discussion: Of course, you can draw from your own experi...

  2. Conference Discussion of the Nuclear Force

    CERN Document Server

    Gross, Franz; Epelbaum, Evgeny; Machleidt, Ruprecht

    2011-01-01

    Discussion of the nuclear force, lead by a round table consisting of T. Cohen, E. Epelbaum, R. Machleidt, and F. Gross (chair). After an invited talk by Machleidt, published elsewhere in these proceedings, brief remarks are made by Epelbaum, Cohen, and Gross, followed by discussion from the floor moderated by the chair. The chair asked the round table and the participants to focus on the following issues: (i) What does each approach (chiral effective field theory, large Nc, and relativistic phenomenology) contribute to our knowledge of the nuclear force? Do we need them all? Is any one transcendent? (ii) How important for applications (few body, nuclear structure, EMC effect, for example) are precise fits to the NN data below 350 MeV? How precise do these fits have to be? (iii) Can we learn anything about nonperturbative QCD from these studies of the nuclear force? The discussion presented here is based on a video recording made at the conference and transcribed afterward.

  3. [Disseminated sporotrichosis - clinical case and discussion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barroso Pereira, João Cláudio; Grijó, Amorita; Ribeiro Machado Pereira, Rosângela; Noel S Oliveira, Andreza; de Andrade, Ana Cláudia; Ferreira, Ana Cláudia M; Corrêa Brant Machado, Christiane; Veiga Coutinho, Débora; Vale Rios, Danilo; Pereira Pires, Bárbara

    2008-01-01

    The authors report a case of a patient with a prior history of alcohol abuse who developed nodules and ulcerated skin lesions on his trunk and lower extremities along the line of the lymphatic draining area. The patient's X-ray showed reticular nodular intersticial infiltrates at the lung bases. There was a positive culture of supraclavicular lymph node for Sporothrix schenckii. After specific treatment using mainly potassium iodide, there was regression of cutaneous lesions and lung infiltrates. The authors present a discussion on the deseases' forms of presentation, highlighting the lung involvement ans further discuss the diagnosis and treatment of sporotrichosis.

  4. Scientist's Perceptions of Uncertainty During Discussions of Global Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanello, S.; Fortner, R.; Dervin, B.

    2003-04-01

    This research examines the nature of disagreements between natural and social scientists during discussions of global climate change. In particular, it explores whether the disagreements between natural and social scientists are related to the ontological, epistemological, or methodological nature of the uncertainty of global climate change during these discussions. A purposeful sample of 30 natural and social scientists recognized as experts in global climate change by the United States Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) and National Academies Committee on Global Change were interviewed to elicit their perceptions of disagreements during their three most troublesome discussions on global climate change. A mixed-method (qualitative plus quantitative research) approach with three independent variables was used to explore nature of uncertainty as a mediating variable in the relationships between academic training, level of sureness, level of knowledge, and position on global climate change, and the nature of disagreements and bridging strategies of natural and social scientists (Patton, 1997; Frechtling et al., 1997). This dissertation posits that it is the differences in the nature of uncertainty communicated by natural and social scientists and not sureness, knowledge, and position on global climate change that causes disagreements between the groups. By describing the nature of disagreements between natural and social scientists and illuminating bridging techniques scientists use during these disagreements, it is hoped that information collected from this research will create a better dialogue between the scientists studying global climate change by providing communication strategies which will allow those versed in one particular area to speak to non-experts whether they be other scientists, media officials, or the public. These tangible strategies can then be used by government agencies to create better communications and education plans, which can

  5. Public Opinion, Ideology and ideology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertrand Binoche

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The essay analyzes the conflict which opened after the French Revolution between public opinion and ideology. In this space of reflection the second seemed sometimes as the hidden face of the first one. Public opinion historically represented the institutionalization of the possibility of a disagreement on the legitimacy of the body politic. It has thus made possible a speech on the political detached from religion. As is clear from the controversy of Napoleon against the ideologues and the Marxian critique, ideology does not get to be the science of social discourse and its alienation, to become a set of sophistry on social conditions. Discussing the arguments of Tocqueville, Bourdieu and Reynié about the deficit of reflexivity of public opinion, the author affirms its distance from the ideology, because it requires anyway an investment for religious believe his propositions.

  6. The Greek public debt problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michalis Nikiforos

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper examines the issue of the Greek public debt. After providing a historical discussion, we show that the austerity of the last six years has been unsuccessful in stabilizing the debt while, at the same time, it has taken a heavy toll on the economy and society. The recent experience shows that the public debt is unsustainable and therefore a restructuring is needed. An insistence on the current policies is not justifiable either on pragmatic or on moral or any other grounds. The experience of Germany in the early post-WWII period provides some useful hints for the way forward. A solution to the public debt problem is a necessary but not sufficient condition for the solution of the Greek and European crisis. A wider agenda that deals with the malaises of the Greek economy and the structural imbalances of the Eurozone is of vital importance.

  7. A Public Trial De Novo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedel, Jane Bjørn; Gad, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    This article addresses the concept of “industrial interests” and examines its role in a topical controversy about a large research grant from a private foundation, the Novo Nordisk Foundation, to the University of Copenhagen. The authors suggest that the debate took the form of a “public trial......” where the grant and close(r) intermingling between industry and public research was prosecuted and defended. First, the authors address how the grant was framed in the media. Second, they redescribe the case by introducing new “evidence” that, because of this framing, did not reach “the court.......” The article ends with a discussion of some implications of the analysis, including that policy making, academic research, and public debates might benefit from more detailed accounts of interests and stakes....

  8. Ethical dilemmas in journal publication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babalola, Olubukola; Grant-Kels, Jane M; Parish, Lawrence Charles

    2012-01-01

    Physicians often face tremendous pressures and incentives to publish, sometimes leading to a compromise of ethical standards, either consciously or unconsciously. From the vantage of ethical authorship, we discuss what constitutes authorship; avoidance of ghost authorship; plagiarism, as well as self-plagiarism and duplicate publication; falsification; and fabrication. Editors also face ethical challenges, including how best to manage peer-review bias, to address reviewer tardiness, and to locate reviewers with appropriate expertise and professionalism. Editors need to deal with authors who fragment their work into multiple publications to enhance their curriculum vitae ("salami factor"), as well as to manage the financial benefits of advertising and to avoid conflicts of interest for the journal. Both authors and editors should be straightforward and principled throughout the publication process. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Models of Public Service Provision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lotte Bøgh; Kristensen, Nicolai; Pedersen, Lene Holm

    2013-01-01

    This article extends the framework of Le Grand (2003, 2010) to encompass responsiveness, and the main argument is that the combination of employee motivation, user capacity, and models of public service provision potentially has serious implications for responsiveness across service areas. Although...... research on employee motivation thrives, especially in the public service motivation (PSM) literature, few studies have investigated user capacity empirically, and we know little about the combination of PSM, user capacity and models of service provision. Analyzing four central service areas (day care......, schools, hospitals, and universities), we find variations in both user capacity and PSM. Taking this variation as a point of departure we discuss what implications different combinations of employee motivation, user capacity, and models of public service provision may have for responsiveness....

  10. Public Use Issues, the Station Message, and Station Objectives Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report was written before this new refuge had a public use management plan. It discusses the public use issues, public use objectives, and overall refuge...

  11. Stereotypes and Educators: How Can We Change the Public's Perception of Us?

    Science.gov (United States)

    English Journal, 1986

    1986-01-01

    Discusses what the public wants from educators in public schools, re-evaluates the stereotype of educators, proposes improvement of communication, and recommends a media-blitz to change the public's perception of educators. (JK)

  12. Net Neutrality: Media Discourses and Public Perception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Quail

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes media and public discourses surrounding net neutrality, with particular attention to public utility philosophy, from a critical perspective. The article suggests that further public education about net neutrality would be beneficial. The first portion of this paper provides a survey of the existing literature surrounding net neutrality, highlighting the contentious debate between market-based and public interest perspectives. In order to contextualize the debate, an overview of public utility philosophy is provided, shedding light on how the Internet can be conceptualized as a public good. Following this discussion, an analysis of mainstream media is presented, exploring how the media represents the issue of net neutrality and whether or not the Internet is discussed through the lens of public utility. To further examine how the net neutrality debate is being addressed, and to see the potential impacts of media discourses on the general public, the results of a focus group are reported and analyzed. Finally, a discussion assesses the implications of the net neutrality debate as presented through media discourses, highlighting the future of net neutrality as an important policy issue.

  13. Private Arbitration of Incidental Public Law Issues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2009-01-01

     The article discusses the incidental public law issues which can arise in an arbitration case, e.g. concerning power, heating, natural gas and other public facility legislation, national or Community legal restrictive trade practices law, and rules on state administration approval of the terms...... by arbitration, and where the award is nullifiable only if its findings are in violation of public policy, the ordre public. The article relies on UNCITRAL's Model Arbitration Law, the new Danish arbitration act (DAA), national European case law, and literature and case law of the European Court....

  14. How Health Reform is Recasting Public Psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaner, Roderick; Thompson, Kenneth S; Braslow, Joel; Ragins, Mark; Parks, Joseph John; Vaccaro, Jerome V

    2015-09-01

    This article reviews the fiscal, programmatic, clinical, and cultural forces of health care reform that are transforming the work of public psychiatrists. Areas of rapid change and issues of concern are discussed. A proposed health care reform agenda for public psychiatric leadership emphasizes (1) access to quality mental health care, (2) promotion of recovery practices in primary care, (3) promotion of public psychiatry values within general psychiatry, (4) engagement in national policy formulation and implementation, and (5) further development of psychiatric leadership focused on public and community mental health.

  15. CIVIL ENGINEERS' ROLES IN PUBLIC WORKS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murata, Teruaki

    Recently, the public interests are becoming high in the way of executing public works and the future direction of infrastructure development, which raises nation-wide discussion on these issues. How should we make our country's growth strategy for sustainable development? How should we realize the grand design of infrastructure needed for the implementation of such a strategy? It is obvious that further discussions are needed for these challenging questions. With an aim to promote such discussions, this paper reviews the history of public works and the professional practices (or accomplishments) of our great civil engineers, and discusses the future of public works and the roles of civil engineers based on their origin. Further, in this paper, the author, as the chairman of the Public Works Committee of Japan Civil Engineering Contractors Association, introduces the Association's proposal of "realization of an attractive construction industry." However, for its realization, sustainable institutional arrangements under social consensus are indispensable. Also, individual engineer must establish his/her own identity based on sense of social ethics. It is the author's hope that, through these journals, the professional practices of civil engineers will be widely known to the public with objective logics and discussed to achieve social consensus.

  16. The stigmatization dilemma in public health policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ploug, Thomas; Holm, Søren; Gjerris, Mickey

    2015-01-01

    Background Multi-resistant bacteria pose an increasing and significant public health risk. As awareness of the severity of the problem grows, it is likely that it will become the target for a range of public health interventions. Some of these can intentionally or unintentionally lead...... to stigmatization of groups of citizens. Discussion The article describes the phenomenon of stigmatization within the health care area by discussing the concept in relation to AIDS and psychiatric diagnosis. It unfolds the ethical aspects of using stigmatization as a public health instrument to affect unwanted...... behaviours e.g. smoking. Moreover it discusses stigmatization as an unintended albeit expected side effect of public health instruments potentially used to counter the challenge of multi-resistant bacteria with particular reference to the Danish case of the growing problems with Methicillin...

  17. Modernize the Public Sector Through Innovation?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansson, Finn; Norn, Maria Theresa; Vad, Torben Bundgaard

    2013-01-01

    The article will discuss the challenges related to the use of social science knowledge in innovation processes in the public sector, drawing on a case, an evaluation of the Program on Research for Innovation and Renewal in the Public Sector (abbreviated FIFOS) under the Research Council of Norway....... The paper will discuss how to plan and execute research-based knowledge in innovation in the public sector. The paper discusses and criticizes the often-met linear thinking in the application of new knowledge, especially in relation to innovation. It also suggests, by the help of a model based on ideas from...... organizational learning, another strategy for organizing the use of social science research for innovation in the public sector. As a consequence the paper advocates new evaluation strategies, where learning and dialogue is in focus....

  18. A Discussion Strategy for an Online Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reese-Durham, Nancy Faith

    2014-01-01

    As a former teacher of face-to-face classes now assigned to teach only online classes, Nancy Reese Durham found herself challenged to change to accommodate online learners. She was determined to provide an environment in the online class where the high level of discussion she had provided in face-to-face classes could flourish as well. Here she…

  19. Nonlinearity in the Cochlea—Moderated Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mountain, David C.; Guinan, John J.

    2011-11-01

    Discussions moderated by the authors on the topic "Nonlinearity in the Cochlea" were held on 18 and 21 July 2011 at the 11th International Mechanics of Hearing Workshop in Williamstown, Massachusetts. The paper provides an edited transcript of the two sessions.

  20. Maps of student discussions about sustainability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindahl, Mats; Bruun, Jesper; Linder, Cedric

    We use a combination of network analysis (NA), text-mining (TM) techniques, and thematic discourse analysis (TDA) to characterise and compare student discussions about sustainable development. Three student groups at three different times were analysed. The analysis entails an iterative design...