WorldWideScience

Sample records for public interest waiver

  1. 77 FR 4030 - Nationwide Limited Public Interest Waiver Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-26

    ... of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Nationwide Limited Public Interest Waiver Under the... Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Notice of limited public interest waiver. SUMMARY... application of section 1605 would be inconsistent with the public interest. On April 25, 2011, the...

  2. 20 CFR 402.185 - Waiver or reduction of fees in the public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... INFORMATION AND RECORDS TO THE PUBLIC § 402.185 Waiver or reduction of fees in the public interest. (a... interest because it is likely to contribute significantly to public understanding of the operations or...) Public interest. The disclosure passes the first test only if it furthers the specific public interest...

  3. 78 FR 67118 - Notice of Limited, Program-Wide, Public Interest Waivers of Section 1605(a) (Buy American...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-08

    ... existing safety and security systems. Both program-wide, public interest waivers of the Buy American... construction project into the recipient's existing safety and security systems (Safety and Security Systems... incidental items, the country of manufacture and the availability of domestic alternatives are not...

  4. 76 FR 9766 - Nationwide Limited Public Interest Waiver Under Section 1605 (Buy American) of the American...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... ancillary solar Photovoltaic (PV) equipment, when this equipment is utilized in solar installations containing domestically manufactured PV cells or modules (panels). This extension of the amended public... as panels or modules. These two terms are synonymous and used interchangeably in this memorandum....

  5. 75 FR 52322 - Nationwide Limited Public Interest Waiver Under Section 1605 (Buy American) of the American...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-25

    ... incidental and/or ancillary solar Photovoltaic (PV) equipment, when this equipment is utilized in solar installations containing domestically manufactured PV cells or modules (panels). Specifically, this public... assembled into larger groups known as panels or modules. These two terms are synonymous and...

  6. 5 CFR 2634.205 - Special waiver of public reporting requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... EXECUTIVE BRANCH FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE, QUALIFIED TRUSTS, AND CERTIFICATES OF DIVESTITURE Persons Required To File Public Financial Disclosure Reports § 2634.205 Special waiver of public reporting requirements. (a... interest; and (4) Public financial disclosure by the individual is not necessary under the...

  7. Serving the Public Interest

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markussen, Thomas; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    system is likely to produce good governance. That is, if benevolent candidates are common, if the president has little discretionary power, and if the public sector is effective. We analyze the role of institutions like investigative media and re-election and show that they can improve or further hamper......We present a model of political selection in which voters elect a president from a set of candidates. We assume that some of the candidates are benevolent and that all voters prefer a benevolent president, i.e. a president who serves the public interest. Yet, political selection may fail in our...

  8. Conservative Public Interest Litigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pell, Terence J.

    2007-01-01

    The idea that lawsuits can move a public as well as a legal agenda is not new. In recent years, conservatives have brought high profile lawsuits designed both to vindicate the rights of an individual plaintiff and to educate the public about an important issue. For example, lawsuits filed nearly 10 years ago against the University of Michigan's…

  9. Serving the Public Interest

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markussen, Thomas; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    system is likely to produce good governance. That is, if benevolent candidates are common, if the president has little discretionary power, and if the public sector is effective. We analyze the role of institutions like investigative media and re-election and show that they can improve or further hamper...

  10. 76 FR 59394 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Publication of the Extension of Interim Waiver...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-26

    ...: Publication of the Extension of Interim Waiver Granted to Samsung Electronics America, Inc. From the... petition for waiver and notice granting an application for interim waiver to Samsung Electronics America, Inc. (Samsung) from energy efficiency test procedure requirements that are applicable to residential...

  11. Public Schools and the Public Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Frederick M.

    2003-01-01

    Essay addresses three questions: What purposes should schools serve and who should determine those purposes? Who should set performance goals for schools? Does school choice comport schooling mission to serve the public interest? Argues for need to be more disciplined and explicit in determining the public interest that schools serve and how that…

  12. Committed to the Public Interest?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm Pedersen, Lene

    2014-01-01

    While politicians are often seen as being motivated by narrow self-interest, this article offers an alternative view. The relationship between two pro-social dimensions – Commitment to the Public Interest (CPI) and User Orientation (UO) – and behavioural outcomes among local councillors is analyzed...

  13. 10 CFR 503.25 - Public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public interest. 503.25 Section 503.25 Energy DEPARTMENT... Public interest. (a) Eligibility. Section 211(c) of the Act provides for a temporary public interest... exemption would be in accord with the purposes of the Act and would be in the public interest; and (3)...

  14. 20 CFR 200.7 - Assessment or waiver of interest, penalties, and administrative costs with respect to collection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act, interest shall accrue from the date that a denial of waiver of.... (4) The rate of interest assessed shall be the rate of the current value of funds to the U.S.... (5) The rate of interest as initially assessed shall remain fixed for the duration of the...

  15. 32 CFR 701.34 - Public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Public interest. 701.34 Section 701.34 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND... DOCUMENTS AFFECTING THE PUBLIC FOIA Definitions and Terms § 701.34 Public interest. The interest...

  16. Public interests and corporate obligations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Claus Strue

    2016-01-01

    , and corporations) should try to promote the good, seen from an impartial perspective, meaning that everybody’s interest should be taken into account (Kagan 1989). I conclude that stakeholder theorists are unable to meet the challenge presented by consequentialism by traditional means, i.e. by referring to social...

  17. 78 FR 1299 - Waiver and Certification of Statutory Provisions of Section 1003 of Public Law 100-204 Regarding...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Waiver and Certification of Statutory Provisions of Section 1003 of Public Law 100-204 Regarding the... 1987, Public Law 100-204, Title X. (U) This waiver shall be effective for a period of six months....

  18. Public Interest Law: Five Years Later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaffe, Sanford

    This report provides an account of public-interest law firm activities supported by the Ford Foundation. Public interest law is a phrase that describes efforts aimed at providing legal representation for underrepresented interests in the legal process. The report is arranged into four major sections. The first section, on the evolution of the…

  19. Higher Education and the Public Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farquhar, Robin H.

    This paper explores the question of whether society needs a more engaged university. "Engaged," in this context, means committed to serve the public interest, to promote the general welfare. The argument is constructed around three main points: (1) the 20th century university has traditionally sought to serve the public interest; (2) in recent…

  20. 76 FR 80916 - Publication of the Petition for Waiver From Samsung Electronics America, Inc. and Granting of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Publication of the Petition for Waiver From Samsung... Samsung Electronics America, Inc. (Samsung). The petition for waiver (hereafter ``petition'') requests a... Variable Multi (DVM) (commercial) multi-split heat pump models specified in Samsung's petition. Through...

  1. 78 FR 10248 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance AGENCY... be published in the Federal Register 30 days before modifying the land-use assurance that...

  2. 78 FR 41822 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance AGENCY... assurance that requires the property to be used for an aeronautical purpose. The property was acquired...

  3. 78 FR 73919 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance AGENCY... 30 days before modifying the land-use assurance that requires the property to be used for...

  4. 78 FR 63279 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance AGENCY... before modifying the land-use assurance that requires the property to be used for an aeronautical...

  5. 78 FR 59753 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance AGENCY... land-use assurance that requires the property to be used for an aeronautical purpose. The property...

  6. 78 FR 79059 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance AGENCY... assurance that requires the property to be used for an aeronautical purpose. The property was...

  7. 78 FR 22595 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance AGENCY... land-use assurance that requires the property to be used for an aeronautical purpose. The subject...

  8. 78 FR 41823 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance AGENCY... assurance that requires the property to be used for an aeronautical purpose. The two parcels proposed to...

  9. 77 FR 71439 - Regulatory and Administrative Waivers Granted for Public and Indian Housing Programs To Assist...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-30

    ....S.C. 5305(a)(8)) authorizes the use of ICDBG grant funds for public services, including but not... services. Upon the granting of this waiver, ICDBG grantees may expend up to 100% of their ICDBG grant funds... Community Development Block Grants (ICDBG) Program Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) (Grant Ceilings for...

  10. Cultural Interest Goods as Public Goods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Vargas-Ayala

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the debate regarding the nature of goods of cultural interest as public goods, discussion until now overlooked by the legal doctrine in Administrative Law. Through the exam of judicial decisions, it seeks to question their inalienable character, and their aptitude to be acquired by the State, case in which they shift their nature into public goods.

  11. Study on Public Interest in City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付樯; 周立军

    2014-01-01

    Public interest is the key point of city planning, which has a significant effect on the level of city planning. This paper discussed the public interest in city planning, which is advantageous to improve the level of city planning.%公共利益是城市规划的关键点,对城市规划水平有重要作用。本文探讨了城市规划中的公共利益,有利于城市规划水平的提高。

  12. "Public Purpose or Public Interest" and Third Party Transfers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradley Virgill

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article the difference between public purpose and public interest in section 25(2 of the 1996 Constitution is considered. It is generally accepted that public purpose is a narrower category than public interest and that the distinction between public purpose and public interest does not make any practical difference. However, in this contribution it is suggested that the difference between public purpose and public interest makes no practical difference only in cases where expropriated property is used by the state for the realisation of a particular purpose. The difference between public purpose and public interest becomes more important when a particular expropriation also involves a third party transfer, since it indicates the level of scrutiny that the courts should apply in determining the lawfulness of the expropriation. When property is expropriated and transferred to a third party for the realisation of a public purpose, such as building and managing electricity plants, the lawfulness of the expropriation is not easily questioned. As such, the application of a rationality test to determine the legitimacy of the expropriation is generally easy to accept. However, this lenient approach cannot be as easily accepted where an expropriation and third party transfer takes place in the public interest. Examples of third party transfers in the public interest include land reform, slum clearance and economic development. In the examples of land reform and slum clearance the expropriation and third party transfer is usually authorised in legislation or, as is the case with land reform in South Africa, the 1996 Constitution. Because (as in the land reform example the expropriation and third party transfer is authorised by the Constitution and regulated by legislation, the application of a rationality test to determine the legitimacy is acceptable. However, the application of a rationality test where property is expropriated and transferred

  13. Channel One: When Private Interests and the Public Interest Collide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blokhuis, Jason C.

    2008-01-01

    If the notion of public and private spheres seems somehow quaint or old-fashioned, the distinction between public and private corporations will be that much more obscure. Yet Channel One broadcasts in a public school classroom are indisputably the result of a contract between a private corporation (Alloy Media + Marketing) and a public corporation…

  14. 29 CFR 2520.104-46 - Waiver of examination and report of an independent qualified public accountant for employee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... qualified public accountant for employee benefit plans with fewer than 100 participants. 2520.104-46 Section... Requirements § 2520.104-46 Waiver of examination and report of an independent qualified public accountant for... public accountant to conduct an examination of the financial statements of the plan; (2) Include...

  15. 77 FR 19410 - Buy America Waiver Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... requirement. Moreover, in today's economic environment with the National unemployment rate over 8 percent, the... application would be inconsistent with the public interest or when satisfactory quality domestic steel and... in the public interest to grant a partial waiver from the general 100 percent domestic content...

  16. 76 FR 72027 - Buy America Waiver Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-21

    ... environment with the National unemployment rate over 9 percent, the Buy America requirement is especially... Buy America requirements when the application would be inconsistent with the public interest or when... public interest to grant a partial waiver from the Buy America requirement at 23 U.S.C. 313(a) to...

  17. Research Ethics, Governance, Oversight And Public Interest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abu Bakar Suleiman

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A better educated public has started to challengethe way decisions are made in medical research activities.Although Institutional and National Guidelines onResearch are in place, there are fears that InstitutionalReview Boards (IRBs and funding agencies are only fairlyactive in scientific and ethical reviews of research proposalsbut not on oversight of projects after their initiation. Theseissues are integral to good research governance andresearchers and custodians of research ethics must ensurethat public interest is not compromised. Medical progress is based on research including humanexperimentation carried out according to guidingprinciples as enunciated in the Declaration of Helsinki(2000, but the quality of compliance with theDeclaration is an important issue. Better choice and appropriate training of members of IRBsto improve the quality of decision making and governanceprocesses are urgently needed. Competency in evaluationof proposals requires not only the appropriate scientificknowledge but also access to relevant preclinical andother data. Unfortunately, the completeness and quality ofsuch data may not be adequate. Public interest demands that injury to trial subjects inclinical trials is minimized if not avoided completely.Unfortunately this is not always possible with trialswhere novel biological modes of action are tested.A more robust evaluation mechanism for projectapproval may minimize but not completely avoid injuryto subjects; thus insurance cover to provide care andcompensation to subjects must be compulsory.The decision to approve or reject a project must bebased on the balance of potential risks and benefits,taking into consideration justifiable distributive risks totarget communities and populations. Economicconsiderations should never be the primary focus,especially when there are real concerns that themigration of early phase clinical trials including vaccinetrials to developing countries is based on the perceivedless

  18. 7 CFR 97.700 - Public interest in wide usage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public interest in wide usage. 97.700 Section 97.700... PLANT VARIETY AND PROTECTION Public Use Declaration § 97.700 Public interest in wide usage. (a) If the... to be taken in the public interest. (b) Upon the expiration of the period for the presentation...

  19. 75 FR 11522 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Publication of the Petition for Waiver and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    ...)). Waivers remain in effect pursuant to the provisions of 10 CFR 430.27(m). The waiver process also allows...(g)). An interim waiver remains in effect for a period of 180 days or until DOE issues its.... Identification of Petitioner/Applicant Haier is a manufacturer and marketer of major appliances and...

  20. 76 FR 36954 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance; Shell Lake Municipal Airport, Shell...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance; Shell Lake Municipal Airport, Shell Lake, WI AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration, DOT ACTION: Notice of intent of... to authorize the release of 0.101 acres of the airport property at the ] Shell Lake Municipal...

  1. 77 FR 2603 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance; Willow Run Airport; Detroit, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance; Willow Run... Willow Run Airport, Detroit, Michigan. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Exhibit ``A'' Part of Section 12, Town... Easterly and Southerly line of the General Motors Corporation, Hydra-Matic Division, Willow Run...

  2. 46 CFR 16.109 - Public Interest Exclusion (PIE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public Interest Exclusion (PIE). 16.109 Section 16.109... General § 16.109 Public Interest Exclusion (PIE). Service agents are subject to Public Interest Exclusion (PIE) actions in accordance with 49 CFR Part 40, subpart R. The PIE is an action which excludes...

  3. 48 CFR 1406.302-7 - Public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public interest. 1406.302... Public interest. The CO shall prepare the D&F and complete the justification to support use of public interest authority for other than full and open competition and submit it through the HCA to the...

  4. 49 CFR 382.117 - Public interest exclusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING General § 382.117 Public interest exclusion. No employer shall use the services of a service agent who is subject to public interest exclusion in accordance with 49 CFR part 40... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public interest exclusion. 382.117 Section...

  5. 48 CFR 6.302-7 - Public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public interest. 6.302-7... COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Other Than Full and Open Competition 6.302-7 Public interest. (a) Authority. (1... for when the agency head determines that it is not in the public interest in the...

  6. [Conflict of interests and scientific publications].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matías-Guiu, J; García-Ramos, R

    2012-01-01

    The potential relationships of interest between authors, reviewers, editors and financial management of the journals can lead to a conflict of interest in their performances. It analyzes the potential conflicts of interest in the papers, with extreme examples, assessing the need for careful statement of the relations, especially economic. Potential conflicts of interest should be transparent and the knowledge and values should be an objective of the magazines. The declaration of relationships should be required in the communication of research, but their existence should not prejudge misconduct. Copyright © 2011 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  7. Conflicts of Interest: Manipulating Public Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Richard; Davis, Devra Lee

    2014-01-01

    Evaluating the potential health impacts of chemical, physical, and biological environmental factors represents a challenging task with profound medical, public health, and historical implications. The history of public health is replete with instances, ranging from tobacco to lead and asbestos, where the ability to obtain evidence on potential…

  8. Professional Self-Regulation and the Public Interest in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tracey L. Adams

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The regulation of professional groups has often been justified as being in the public interest. In recent decades, policymakers in Anglo-American countries have questioned whether self-regulating professions have truly served the public interest, or whether they have merely acted in their own interests. This paper draws on legislative records and policy reports to explore meanings attached to professional self-regulation and the public interest in Canada by state actors over the past 150 years. The findings point to a shift in the definition of the public interest away from service quality and professional interests, towards efficiency, human rights, consumer choice, and in some contexts business interests. Changing views of the public interest contribute to regulatory change.

  9. Liberal Education and the Public Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, James O.

    This collection of essays makes the case for a liberal education while providing a guide to higher education administrators facing contemporary challenges such as the threat to affirmative action or debates over tenure. The chapters are: (1) "Mounting the Public Stage"; (2) "Defending Higher Education"; (3) "Preserving Liberal Education"; (4)…

  10. Public meetings: Thank you for your interest

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    Several hundreds of you took part in our recent information meetings1. We very much appreciate these times when we get together and, by listening to your questions and comments, can have a better idea of your concerns. You were particularly interested in the changes to the rules of the health insurance. Indeed, as a complement to the information given by Philippe Charpentier at the meeting organized by HR on Friday 23rd September, we showed you how a well-functioning concertation process has enabled our mutual health insurance system to evolve by modernizing it and making it fairer, while keeping the same excellent benefits. Do not hesitate to contact your departmental delegates if you have further questions concerning the health insurance, they will do all they can to inform you. As far as our merit-based advancement scheme, MARS, is concerned, we are far from convinced that this is the best system, one that truly corresponds to the needs of CERN, an organization of scientific and technical excellence, w...

  11. 22 CFR 171.23 - Declassification in the public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Declassification in the public interest. 171.23 Section 171.23 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE ACCESS TO INFORMATION AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION AND... public interest in disclosure of the information, and in these cases the information should...

  12. 48 CFR 206.302-7 - Public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public interest. 206.302-7 Section 206.302-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM....302-7 Public interest. (c) Limitations. For the defense agencies, the written determination to...

  13. In the Public Interest: Contemplating Seymour, Sin, and a Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Sarah L.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the author will focus on Seymour's article titled, "And What is the Public Interest?" (Sarason, 1986). To the author, the core of the article is as follows: "And what is the public interest? At its phenomenological root it is a picture of a triad: the individual, the society, and the bases on which they give meaning to each other.…

  14. 48 CFR 606.302-7 - Public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public interest. 606.302-7 Section 606.302-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE COMPETITION AND ACQUISITION PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Other Than Full and Open Competition 606.302-7 Public interest....

  15. 48 CFR 3006.302-7 - Public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public interest. 3006.302... Full and Open Competition 3006.302-7 Public interest. (c)(1)(ii) Requests shall be prepared in writing by the contracting officer, using the format found in (HSAR) 48 CFR 3001.704, and submitted...

  16. 48 CFR 2806.302-7 - Public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Public interest. 2806.302-7 Section 2806.302-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Competition and Acquisition Planning COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Other Than Full and Open Competition 2806.302-7 Public interest....

  17. 75 FR 62137 - Notice of Public Meeting; Proposed Alluvial Valley Floor Coal Exchange Public Interest Factors...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-07

    ... written testimony and comments on the public interest factors (see determination of public interest at 43... final decision on the proposed exchange and whether it is in the public interest. The BLM will discuss... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Public Meeting; Proposed Alluvial Valley Floor Coal Exchange...

  18. Telecommunications and the Public Interest; Needs and Prospects in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Legislature, Sacramento. Joint Committee on Telecommunications.

    A summary of 18 months' investigation into the potential uses of telecommunications in the public interest is presented. Areas investigated include public TV and radio, cable TV, television translaters, instructional fixed television service, satellite communications and interconnections. Public hearings were held in eight cities and more than 100…

  19. 78 FR 47826 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel JAMMIN; Invitation for Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-06

    ... small groups''. Geographic Region: ``Maryland, Virginia, Washington, DC, North Carolina, South Carolina... comment, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's... Maritime Administration Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel...

  20. 78 FR 30388 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel OSPREY; Invitation for Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-22

    ..., Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, and Puerto Rico'' The complete... association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal... Maritime Administration Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel...

  1. 76 FR 79763 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel TANGO; Invitation for Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Maritime Administration Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel TANGO... of the vessel TANGO is: INTENDED COMMERCIAL USE OF VESSEL: ``Sightseeing, sportfishing, scuba...

  2. Planning and the Public Interest. A Critical Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JÚLIA A. NAGY

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available From an ethical perspective, the biggest difficulty for planners is to take the best approach in responding to the decision makers and in acting in the public interest because it always becomes subject of pressures arising with the governmental change, on the one hand, and the societal change on the other hand. Even though many debates arise regarding its existence, for planners, as well as for the planning profession, the public interest has always been legitimizing principles as a norm of practice (Alexander, 2002. The paper critically analyses the planning activity in relation to the public interest and highlights the importance of reciprocity between the two. In order to analyse this issue, the article starts with the presentation of different perspectives regarding the public interest, touching upon its conceptual meaning which is followed by a historical review of its origins and transformation. The third section presents its contextual meaning, its representatives, and the change of its content starting from the 19th century until nowadays and discusses the planners’ ability to represent it. The final part comprises the conclusions that indicate that the planning activity should serve the public interest and, by that, it would serve also the interest of planning as a profession. It emphasises two important issues of the present days: the definition of the public interest and the rational decision making within the planning process.

  3. 42 CFR 457.1003 - CMS review of waiver requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false CMS review of waiver requests. 457.1003 Section 457.1003 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Waivers: General Provisions § 457.1003 CMS review of waiver requests. CMS will review the waiver...

  4. 77 FR 6169 - Buy America Waiver Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ....fhwa.dot.gov/construction/contracts/waivers.cfm?id=60 ) on July 25, 2011. The FHWA received eleven comments in response to the publication. Seven commenters opposed the waiver request but did not provide...

  5. Nanotechnology and Public Interest Dialogue: Some International Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowman, Diana M.; Hodge, Graeme A.

    2007-01-01

    This article examines nanotechnology within the context of the public interest. It notes that though nanotechnology research and development investment totalled US$9.6 billion in 2005, the public presently understands neither the implications nor how it might be best governed. The article maps a range of nanotechnology dialogue activities under…

  6. 48 CFR 306.302-7 - Public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public interest. 306.302-7 Section 306.302-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPETITION AND ACQUISITION PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Other Than Full and Open Competition 306.302-7 Public...

  7. 48 CFR 806.302-7 - Public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public interest. 806.302-7 Section 806.302-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS COMPETITION AND ACQUISITION PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Other Than Full and Open Competition 806.302-7 Public...

  8. 78 FR 76403 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel JAGUAR; Invitation for Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Maritime Administration Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel JAGUAR... of the vessel JAGUAR is: Intended Commercial Use Of Vessel: ``For bare boat/lease recreational use...

  9. 78 FR 30388 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SAFARI; Invitation for Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-22

    ... of the vessel SAFARI is: Intended Commercial Use Of Vessel: ``Sailing charters, tourism''. Geographic... may have on U.S. vessel builders or businesses in the U.S. that use U.S.-flag vessels. If MARAD... of the waiver will have an unduly adverse effect on a U.S.-vessel builder or a business that uses...

  10. Public interest norms in European investment policy : A shattered hope?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Levashova, Y.

    2012-01-01

    Through the Lisbon Treaty, the EU acquired exclusive competence over foreign direct investment (FDI). Hence, the EU began to form the EU Investment Policy, which, among other issues, attempts to regulate on Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs). This article addresses the role of public interest

  11. Public interest norms in European investment policy : A shattered hope?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Levashova, Y.

    2012-01-01

    Through the Lisbon Treaty, the EU acquired exclusive competence over foreign direct investment (FDI). Hence, the EU began to form the EU Investment Policy, which, among other issues, attempts to regulate on Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs). This article addresses the role of public interest norm

  12. Interest Groups and Political Economy of Public Education Spending

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ece H. Guleryuz

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the relationship between the lobbying power of different interest groups and public education spending in a panel data estimationduring the period 1996-2009 for 132 countries. The resource rents, manufacture exports, and agriculture value added are used as proxy variables for the lobbying power of the natural resource owners, manufacturers, and landowners, respectively, in order to substantiate the definition of the lobbying power of the interest groups more with economic fundamentals. As lobbying power is mediated through political institutions, different governance indicators are used individually and in interaction terms with the proxy variables in the estimations. It is found that when the country is more politically stable and the more the rule of law applies, the negative (positive effect of the lobbying power of natural resource owners (manufacturers on public education spending intensifies. The negative effect of landowners’ lobbying power diminishes as institutional quality as measured by governance indicators improves.

  13. Interest Groups and Political Economy of Public Education Spending

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ece H. Guleryuz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the relationship between the lobbying power of different interest groups and public education spending in a panel data estimation during the period 1996-2009 for 132 countries. The resource rents, manufacture exports, and agriculture value added are used as proxy variables for the lobbying power of the natural resource owners, manufacturers, and landowners, respectively, in order to substantiate the definition of the lobbying power of the interest groups more with economic fundamentals. As lobbying power is mediated through political institutions, different governance indicators are used individually and in interaction terms with the proxy variables in the estimations. It is found that when the country is more politically stable and the more the rule of law applies, the negative (positive effect of the lobbying power of natural resource owners (manufacturers on public education spending intensifies. The negative effect of landowners’ lobbying power diminishes as institutional quality as measured by governance indicators improves.

  14. 76 FR 55892 - Nationwide Limited Public Interest Waiver Under Section 1605 (Buy American) of the American...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ... incidental and/or ancillary solar Photovoltaic (PV) equipment, when this equipment is utilized in solar installations containing domestically manufactured PV cells or modules (panels). This determination replaces and... panels or modules. These two terms are synonymous and used interchangeably in this memorandum. The...

  15. 75 FR 65010 - Nationwide Limited Public Interest Waiver Under Section 1605 (Buy American) of the American...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-21

    ... ancillary solar Photovoltaic (PV) equipment, when this equipment is utilized in solar installations containing domestically manufactured PV cells or modules (panels). This amended determination clarifies and... into larger groups known as panels or modules. These two terms are synonymous and used...

  16. Institutions and Regulation for Economic Growth ? : public interests versus public incentives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wubben, E.F.M.

    2011-01-01

    Realizing institutions and regulations that foster economic growth is an essential asset for contemporary economies. This book investigates practices and options for steering individual and firm behaviour that prevents unacceptable externalities and boosts public interests. These multi-dimensional

  17. Public Interest in Microclimate Data in Knoxville, Tennessee, USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Reyes Mason

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available New technologies can sense urban environmental conditions at finer scales than previously possible. This has paved the way for monitoring microclimates between and within neighborhoods. Equally vital, though much less studied, is stakeholder engagement in understanding and using such data. This study examines interests and preferences for accessing neighborhood-scale microclimate data among residents of Knoxville, Tennessee, USA. Data are from randomly sampled phone surveys (N = 200 and purposively sampled focus group participants (N = 25. Survey participants expressed high interest in neighborhood air quality, temperature, and rainfall. Focus groups revealed four themes for designing smartphone applications or websites for neighborhood-scale data: easy access to integrated data, clear and intuitive design, information for everyday living and healthy behavior, and tools for civic engagement. Results support the value of creating meaningful, usable science interfaces with which the public can readily engage.

  18. On cloning: advocating history of biology in the public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maienschein, J

    2001-01-01

    Cloning - the process of creating a cell, tissue line or even a complete organism from a single cell - or the strands that led to the cloning of a mammal, Dolly, are not new. Yet the media coverage of Dolly's inception raised a range of reactions from fear or moral repulsion, to cautious optimism. The implications for controlling human reproduction were clearly in the forefront, though many issues about animals emerged as well. On topics of public interest such as cloning, historians of biology have the opportunity to make a unique contribution. Such debates are often aired as if they have no precedents, either in biology or in the ethical, moral, and social concerns arising in the public arena. The technology leading to Dolly draws on strands of research going back to the 1890s, and the cycle of the public response has been repeated often in the past century. What can we learn from examining these events historically, and how can we - or should we even try - to inform public opinion? I think we should try and will outline briefly some of the ways that can work.

  19. Public Interest and Public Governance%公共利益与公共治理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张成福; 李丹婷

    2012-01-01

    公共治理是实现公共利益的核心途径。公共利益在公共治理中具有的重大功能可以从政治、经济、法律、社会和文化四个方面得以体现。公共利益所反映的是,在多元社会的治理过程中,政府与利益相关者在利益和利益分配问题上所达成的共识。在公共治理的过程中,如何体现和实现公共利益,以下几个方面是重要的:公共治理是否尊重了人的尊严和保护了公民的权利;公共治理是否体现了大多数人的利益和弱势群体利益优先;公共治理是否超越了特殊利益集团、部门、地方和短期的利益;公共治理是否尊重了科学与理性;公共治理的过程是否开放和尊重了民意、遵循了正当程序和社会公认的伦理和道德标准。%Public governance is the crucial way to realize public interest. The importance of public in terest for public governance mainly represents in the fields of polity, economy, society and law. It is believed that the public interest is a consensus between the government and stakeholders on the interest and the interest distribution in a pluralistic society. In the process of public governance, the following aspects are significant to achieve public interest: public governance whether or not respects human dig nity and protects civil rights; public governance whether or not reflects the majority's interest and takes the disadvantaged groups' interest as a superior valueorientation; public governance whether or not goes beyond the special interest group, sectorial, local and the shortterm interest public govern ance whether or not respects rationality; the process of public governance whether or not opens to the public and responds people's needs, adheres to the democratic and legal process, and the ethical as well as moral standard deemed by the society.

  20. Public service motivation ad fonts : Personality traits as antecedents to serve the public interest

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Witteloostuijn, Arjen; Esteve, M.; Boyne, G.

    2017-01-01

    Public Service Motivation (PSM) is a topic that has generated considerable interest among Public Administration scholars. Research on PSM has mainly focused on either defining what PSM is and how this construct can be measured or on testing how PSM affects individual and organizational variables. Ho

  1. Ex ante and ex post control of the public interest in public-private partnership agreements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćirić Aleksandar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the provisions of public-private partnership agreement (hereinafter: the 'PPP' in the context of control of the public interest in the process of preparing and implementing PPP projects. PPP agreements are a mechanism for defining rights and obligations of public and private partners in the process of realization of a particular PPP project. In spite of being defined as partnership, public and private interests largely remain competitive. However, in case it is not possible to achieve both interests at the same time, the public interest is deemed to have priority. The proper implementation of the supremacy of public interests over the private ones calls for an appropriate contractual definition of conditions and manner for such implementation. The methodology for exercising control of the public interest in PPP projects through agreements on public-private partnership has two aspects. The first aspect is to provide verifiable parameters of legal, economic and technological conditions, as well as the procedure for selecting the best bid for the realization of public-private partnership (ex ante methodological aspect; these conditions are the basis for future PPP agreement. Ex ante methodology has to provide instruments for control of the public interest through pre-established mechanisms aimed at verifying whether the private partner has fulfilled the agreement. If such verification is not possible or if it is considered unreasonable (either financially or otherwise, it may raise an issue whether the public-private partnership is an adequate modality for implementation of the project aimed at promoting the public interest; it further implies that the public partner should resort to other options (employing 'internal' resources or taking a loan for financing the projects of public interests. The second aspect is that the PPP agreements are to provide for the proper implementation of the elements that ensure some flexibility in

  2. 45 CFR 675.4 - Waiver process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Waiver process. 675.4 Section 675.4 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION MEDICAL CLEARANCE PROCESS FOR DEPLOYMENT TO ANTARCTICA § 675.4 Waiver process. (a) If an individual is found not physically qualified...

  3. Capturing Public Interest in Astronomy through Art and Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, M.; Sabraw, J.; Salgado, J. F.; Statler, T.; Summers, F.

    2008-11-01

    This is a summary of our 90-minute International Year of Astronomy (IYA) symposium workshop about engaging greater public interest in astronomy during the International Year of Astronomy 2009 through art and music. The session focused on: (i) plans for visually interesting and challenging astronomy presentations to connect with an audience at venues such as museums, concert halls, etc that might be apprehensive about science but open to creative experiences; (ii) the nuts-and-bolts of turning creative ideas into exhibits or visualizations; (iii) balancing scientific accuracy with artistic license; and (iv) how scientists, Education and Public Outreach (EPO) professionals, artists, musicians et al. can bridge the ``two cultures''---starting and sustaining multi-disciplinary collaborations, articulating expectations, and building synergy. The presenters shared with the EPO community some of the astronomy-art projects and resources that we have been developing for the IYA through a variety of collaborations. Our portfolios include state-of-the-art astronomy visualizations and tools, music videos and podcasts that highlight stunning images from NASA's Great Observatories; a video suite of astronomical images that can accompany live performances of Holst's The Planets and Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition; and SCALE, a multicomponent traveling art installation including the largest pastel drawing of the Milky Way.

  4. 42 CFR 455.240 - Conflict of interest resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... though the conflict of interest exists and a request for waiver is approved in accordance with 48 CFR 9... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conflict of interest resolution. 455.240 Section... § 455.240 Conflict of interest resolution. (a) Review Board: CMS may establish a Conflicts of...

  5. Understanding the diversity of public interests in wildlife conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teel, Tara L; Manfredo, Michael J

    2010-02-01

    North American state wildlife agencies are increasingly faced with the challenge of effectively representing a diverse public. With increasing social conflict over wildlife issues, the future of wildlife conservation hinges on preparedness of the profession to respond to this challenge. In the interest of finding ways to improve response, 19 agencies in the western U.S. joined forces to initiate an investigation that would provide a better understanding of the diversity of wildlife-related interests in the region. Specific objectives, accomplished through use of a mail survey administered in 2004, were to categorize people on the basis of their value orientations toward wildlife and explore how different groups were distributed across states and to examine differences on sociodemographic characteristics and attitudes toward wildlife-related topics among groups. The focus was on two orientations: domination (view of wildlife that prioritizes human well-being over wildlife and treats wildlife in utilitarian terms); and mutualism (view of wildlife as capable of relationships of trust with humans and defined by a desire for companionship with wildlife). Four types of people were identified on the basis of these orientations. Types differed in their geographic distribution and wildlife-related attitudes and behaviors, revealing how value orientations can form the foundation for conflict on wildlife issues. Our characterizations of stakeholder groups offer a framework that can be applied over time and across geographic scales to improve conservation planning efforts and inform broader thinking about the social aspects of wildlife conservation.

  6. 77 FR 14404 - Guidance for the Public, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Advisory Committee Members, and FDA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-09

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for the Public, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Advisory Committee Members, and FDA Staff: Public Availability of Advisory Committee Members' Financial Interest Information and Waivers; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION:...

  7. 78 FR 69440 - Certain Electronic Imaging Devices; Notice of Request for Statements on the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... COMMISSION Certain Electronic Imaging Devices; Notice of Request for Statements on the Public Interest AGENCY...'') recommended by the ALJ. This notice is soliciting public interest comments from the public only. Parties are to file public interest submissions pursuant to 19 CFR 210.50(a)(4). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

  8. Addressing conflicts of interest in Public Private Partnerships

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Background Many articles have been written on conflicts of interests (COIs) in fields such as medicine, business, politics, public service and education. With the growing abundance of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs), often involving complex relationships among the partners, it is important to understand how COIs can be mitigated and managed in PPPs. Discussion We wanted to study PPPs, particularly in the areas of global health and agriculture, but discovered no single source of information available to identify and compare various approaches for avoiding and managing COIs in PPPs. This is a significant gap, especially for those wishing to study, compare and strengthen existing COI policies related to PPPs. In order to bridge this gap, we reviewed how PPPs currently address COIs and highlight what might be considered good practice in developing COI policies. We reviewed the online COI policies of 10 PPPs in global health and agriculture, and interviewed two global health PPP chief executives. Summary Based on our review of policies and interviews, we conclude that there exists a range of good practices including attention to accountability and governance, acknowledgement and disclosure, abstention and withdrawal, reporting and transparency, and independent monitoring. There appears to be a need for PPPs to interact closely and learn from each other on these parameters and to also place more emphasis on independent external monitoring of COIs as a means of strengthening their major social objectives on which their activities are largely predicated. We also recommend the establishment of a web based database, which would serve as a forum to discuss COI issues and how they can be resolved. PMID:20615242

  9. Addressing conflicts of interest in Public Private Partnerships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omobowale, Emmanuel B; Kuziw, Michael; Naylor, Melinda Treurnicht; Daar, Abdallah S; Singer, Peter A

    2010-07-08

    Many articles have been written on conflicts of interests (COIs) in fields such as medicine, business, politics, public service and education. With the growing abundance of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs), often involving complex relationships among the partners, it is important to understand how COIs can be mitigated and managed in PPPs. We wanted to study PPPs, particularly in the areas of global health and agriculture, but discovered no single source of information available to identify and compare various approaches for avoiding and managing COIs in PPPs. This is a significant gap, especially for those wishing to study, compare and strengthen existing COI policies related to PPPs. In order to bridge this gap, we reviewed how PPPs currently address COIs and highlight what might be considered good practice in developing COI policies. We reviewed the online COI policies of 10 PPPs in global health and agriculture, and interviewed two global health PPP chief executives. Based on our review of policies and interviews, we conclude that there exists a range of good practices including attention to accountability and governance, acknowledgement and disclosure, abstention and withdrawal, reporting and transparency, and independent monitoring. There appears to be a need for PPPs to interact closely and learn from each other on these parameters and to also place more emphasis on independent external monitoring of COIs as a means of strengthening their major social objectives on which their activities are largely predicated. We also recommend the establishment of a web based database, which would serve as a forum to discuss COI issues and how they can be resolved.

  10. Addressing conflicts of interest in Public Private Partnerships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daar Abdallah S

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many articles have been written on conflicts of interests (COIs in fields such as medicine, business, politics, public service and education. With the growing abundance of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs, often involving complex relationships among the partners, it is important to understand how COIs can be mitigated and managed in PPPs. Discussion We wanted to study PPPs, particularly in the areas of global health and agriculture, but discovered no single source of information available to identify and compare various approaches for avoiding and managing COIs in PPPs. This is a significant gap, especially for those wishing to study, compare and strengthen existing COI policies related to PPPs. In order to bridge this gap, we reviewed how PPPs currently address COIs and highlight what might be considered good practice in developing COI policies. We reviewed the online COI policies of 10 PPPs in global health and agriculture, and interviewed two global health PPP chief executives. Summary Based on our review of policies and interviews, we conclude that there exists a range of good practices including attention to accountability and governance, acknowledgement and disclosure, abstention and withdrawal, reporting and transparency, and independent monitoring. There appears to be a need for PPPs to interact closely and learn from each other on these parameters and to also place more emphasis on independent external monitoring of COIs as a means of strengthening their major social objectives on which their activities are largely predicated. We also recommend the establishment of a web based database, which would serve as a forum to discuss COI issues and how they can be resolved.

  11. Accreditation and the Public Interest: Can Accreditors Continue to Play a Central Role in Public Policy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartle, Terry W.

    2012-01-01

    Institutional accreditation has served higher education and the public interest well for more than a century, but now its purposes are changing quickly and dramatically. Accreditation began as a voluntary, nongovernmental peer review process internally managed by colleges and universities to determine if schools met threshold tests of academic…

  12. GIVE THE PUBLIC SOMETHING, SOMETHING MORE INTERESTING THAN RADIOACTIVE WASTE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Codee, Hans D.K.

    2003-02-27

    In the Netherlands the policy to manage radioactive waste is somewhat different from that in other countries, although the practical outcome is not much different. Long-term, i.e. at least 100 years, storage in above ground engineered structures of all waste types is the first element in the Dutch policy. Second element, but equally important, is that deep geologic disposal is foreseen after the storage period. This policy was brought out in the early eighties and was communicated to the public as a practical, logical and feasible management system for the Dutch situation. Strong opposition existed at that time to deep disposal in salt domes in the Netherlands. Above ground storage at principle was not rejected because the need to do something was obvious. Volunteers for a long term storage site did not automatically emerge. A site selection procedure was followed and resulted in the present site at Vlissingen-Oost. The waste management organization, COVRA, was not really welcomed here , but was tolerated. In the nineties facilities for low and medium level waste were erected and commissioned. In the design of the facilities much attention was given to emotional factors. The first ten operational years were needed to gain trust from the local population. Impeccable conduct and behavior was necessary as well as honesty and full openness to the public Now, after some ten years, the COVRA facilities are accepted. And a new phase is entered with the commissioning of the storage facility for high level waste, the HABOG facility. A visit to that facility will not be very spectacular, activities take place only during loading and unloading. Furthermore it is a facility for waste, so unwanted material will be brought into the community. In order to give the public something more interesting the building itself is transformed into a piece of art and in the inside a special work of art will be displayed. Together with that the attitude of the company will change. We are

  13. 76 FR 66127 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel CAP II; Invitation for Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-25

    ..., Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin and Michigan..., if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's complete... Maritime Administration Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel CAP...

  14. 76 FR 383 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-04

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... 2777; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the complaint. FOR... any public interest issues raised by the complaint. Comments should address whether issuance of...

  15. 75 FR 53710 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Marine Autopilots with GPS or IMU, DN 2752; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest... interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to exceed five pages...

  16. 78 FR 7811 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-04

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Canada. Proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to exceed five (5) pages in length, inclusive of attachments, on any public interest...

  17. 77 FR 77091 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-31

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Containing Same, DN 2925; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the... interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to exceed five (5) pages...

  18. 76 FR 3924 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-21

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... public interest issues raised by the complaint. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marilyn R. Abbott... complainant, proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to...

  19. 76 FR 11813 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Devices, DN 2789; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the... public interest issues raised by the complaint. Comments should address whether issuance of an...

  20. 75 FR 48724 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-11

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Components Thereof; DN 2747; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by..., China. The complainant, proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public...

  1. 78 FR 79708 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-31

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Thereof, DN 2995; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the... respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to...

  2. 77 FR 59978 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... on any public interest issues raised by the complaint or complainant's filing under section 210.8(b.... Proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments,...

  3. 78 FR 79479 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-30

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Integrated Circuits, DN 2994; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by... 19 U.S.C. 1337(j). Proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public...

  4. 77 FR 59003 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Containing the Same, DN 2915 the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by..., inclusive of attachments, on any public interest issues raised by the complaint or section 210.8(b)...

  5. 76 FR 62842 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Components Thereof, DN 2847; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by... public interest issues raised by the complaint. Comments should address whether issuance of an...

  6. 19 CFR 210.67 - Remedy, the public interest, and bonding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Remedy, the public interest, and bonding. 210.67... PRACTICES IN IMPORT TRADE ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT Temporary Relief § 210.67 Remedy, the public interest... appropriate form of temporary relief, whether the public interest factors enumerated in the statute...

  7. 75 FR 42783 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-22

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... and Components Thereof''; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised... any public interest issues raised by the complaint. Comments should address whether issuance of...

  8. 78 FR 60896 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Containing Same, DN 2984; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the... cease and desist orders. Proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public...

  9. 75 FR 62140 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-07

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Software, and Components Thereof, DN 2757; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest..., IL. The complainant, proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public...

  10. 76 FR 18246 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... public interest issues raised by the complaint. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James R. Holbein, Acting..., proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments,...

  11. 75 FR 57500 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-21

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Components Thereof, DN 2755 ; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by..., proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments,...

  12. 78 FR 64010 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Thereof, DN 2987; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the... any public interest issues raised by the complaint or section 210.8(b) filing. Comments should...

  13. 10 CFR 780.24 - Criteria for declaring a patent affected with the public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Patents Affected With the Public Interest Under Section 153a of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.24 Criteria for declaring a patent affected with the public interest. A patent shall be declared to be affected with the public interest pursuant to section 153a of the Act upon the Board's final decision...

  14. 76 FR 45294 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-28

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Containing the Same, DN 2833; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by... interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to exceed five pages...

  15. 76 FR 18247 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U...; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the complaint. FOR... complainant, proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to...

  16. 76 FR 797 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-06

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Associated Systems, DN 2778; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by.... The complainant, proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are...

  17. 76 FR 28456 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Components Thereof, DN 2804; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by... respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to...

  18. 76 FR 32987 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... and Products Containing Same, DN 2811; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest... respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to...

  19. 78 FR 76655 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... comments on any public interest issues raised by the complaint or complainant's filing under section 210.8... interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to exceed five (5) pages...

  20. 76 FR 36936 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... 2821; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the complaint. FOR... interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to exceed five pages...

  1. 78 FR 5495 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Components Thereof, DN 2933; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by.... Proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments,...

  2. 75 FR 66790 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... comments on any public interest issues raised by the complaint. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marilyn R... interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to exceed five pages...

  3. 77 FR 7602 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Haptics, DN 2875; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the... Holdings, Inc. of IL. Proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are...

  4. 76 FR 62092 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Thereof, and Related Software, DN 2846; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest... complainant, proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to...

  5. 75 FR 53981 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-02

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... comments on any public interest issues raised by the complaint. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marilyn R... respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to...

  6. 76 FR 29264 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-20

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... public interest issues raised by the complaint. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James R. Holbein... interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to exceed five pages...

  7. 77 FR 29689 - Receipt of Amended Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-18

    ... COMMISSION Receipt of Amended Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U.S... and Devices Containing Same, DN 2877; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest... Corporation of Taiwan. Proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are...

  8. 76 FR 51395 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... public interest issues raised by the complaint. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James R. Holbein... respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to...

  9. 76 FR 50756 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-16

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... comments on any public interest issues raised by the complaint. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James R... complainant, proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to...

  10. 76 FR 34100 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-10

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U..., other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to exceed five pages in length, on any public interest issues raised by the complaint. Comments should address...

  11. 77 FR 10556 - Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... COMMISSION Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U.S... Devices Containing Same, DN 2877; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues... interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to exceed five (5) pages...

  12. 75 FR 54910 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-09

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... and Products Containing Same DN 2754; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest..., NY. The complainant, proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the public...

  13. 76 FR 19126 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-06

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Containing Same, and Related Methods, DN 2798; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest..., other interested parties, and members of the public are invited to file comments, not to exceed...

  14. 48 CFR 2809.503 - Waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 2809.503 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Competition and Acquisition Planning CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Organizational and Consultant Conflicts of Interest 2809.503 Waiver. The... particular situation would not be in the Government's interest....

  15. Interest Arbitration in Public Employment: An Arbitrator Views the Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornstein, Tim

    1978-01-01

    Examines the inherent differences between the roles of grievance arbitrator, fact-finder, and interest arbitrator and discusses the skills and insights the interest arbitrator needs to fulfill his role. Available from: Commerce Clearing House, Inc., 4025 West Peterson Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60646. (JG)

  16. 49 CFR 30.17 - Waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Waivers. 30.17 Section 30.17 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation DENIAL OF PUBLIC WORKS CONTRACTS TO SUPPLIERS OF GOODS AND SERVICES OF COUNTRIES THAT DENY PROCUREMENT MARKET ACCESS TO U.S. CONTRACTORS § 30.17 Waivers. (a)...

  17. 24 CFR 1003.6 - Waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES General Provisions § 1003.6 Waivers... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Waivers. 1003.6 Section 1003.6...

  18. Public service broadcasting (PSB regulation in Indonesia: Between market and public interest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masduki

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The reform of public service broadcasting (PSB faces many obstacles in countries with political transition such as Indonesia. After 1998-political change, the arrival of ideas to establish PSB in Indonesia in two decades lacks of appropriate policies. As in other transitional states in Eastern Europe, there is the lack of regulatory design as well as its implementation. This paper examines process of formulating PSB law in 2002, particularly pays attention to industry capture over the making process as a critical tool to observe a long-controvercial of broadcasting law revision process in Indonesia (2012-2016. By use public interest and capture theories in regulation, this paper answers why the outcome of PSB regulation is weak by observing how the law was made. This study provides new analysis on PSB media law that still rare in Indonesia. As independent and non-profit body, Indonesian PSB represented by RRI (Radio of the Republic Indonesia and TVRI (Television of the Republic Indonesia is protected by Broadcasting Act.32/2002. It was enacted in favor of two actors: authoritarian officials with interest to use PSB as their mouthpiece in one side and the industry groups with interest to apply free market policy on the other.

  19. Reflections Regarding the Concept of Local Interest within Public Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dana Georgeta ALEXANDRU

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Through this study we aim at performing an analysis of the concept of local interest, having as prerequisites the doctrinal debates regarding the general interest. The examination of this concept occurs in relation with the new trends, as concerns the exercise of competences at local level, respectively with the elements that define the interest of the community and its means of application within the life of the local community. Our research aims to establish theoretically the notion of local interest, an approach that we carry out within a difficult environment, whereas the notion of interest is fluctuating, being constantly modified under the pressure of the evolutions of social and economic needs. The results and the essential contribution of the material consist in the establishment of a framework that would offer to local authorities the practical possibilities for identifying the landmarks that surround this concept and that has to be harmonised with the values of modernity in order to respond better to the needs that are expressed.

  20. 76 FR 25706 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... public interest issues raised by the complaint. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James R. Holbein, Acting... Diego, CA. The complainant, proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the...

  1. 76 FR 36935 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Components Thereof, DN 2819; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by... County, CA. The complainant, proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the...

  2. Providing Appropriate Evaluative Support for Valuing in the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julnes, George; Bustelo, Maria

    2016-01-01

    Evaluation is increasingly accepted as a tool for understanding and assessing the value of public programs and policies. Less understood, however, is how and why evaluation helps to inform judgments of value. This "American Journal of Evaluation" ("AJE") section on Professional Values and Ethics focuses on how values are to…

  3. Development and Initial Validation of Public Domain Basic Interest Markers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Hsin-Ya; Armstrong, Patrick Ian; Rounds, James

    2008-01-01

    Goldberg (Goldberg, L. R. (1999). "A broad-bandwidth, public-domain, personality inventory measuring the lower-level facets of several five-factor models." In: I. Mervielde, I. Deary, F. De Fruyt, & F. Ostendorf (Eds.), "Personality psychology in Europe" (Vol. 7, pp. 7-28). Tilburg, The Netherlands: Tilburg University Press) has argued that the…

  4. 75 FR 65652 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-26

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... public interest issues raised by the complaint. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marilyn R. Abbott..., telephone (202) 205-2000. The public version of the complaint can be accessed on the Commission's...

  5. 76 FR 35238 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-16

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest AGENCY: U... Products Containing Same, DN 2816; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues...-2000. The public version of the complaint can be accessed on the Commission's electronic docket...

  6. 78 FR 64284 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BIG OL; Invitation for Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-28

    ....'' Geographic Region: ``New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina.'' The complete... association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal... Maritime Administration Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BIG...

  7. Autonomy, best interests and the public interest: treatment, non-treatment and the values of medical law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huxtable, Richard

    2014-01-01

    When constructing its responses to cases concerning the treatment and non-treatment of patients, both competent and incompetent, English medical law primarily uses two analytic tools: the autonomy and the welfare (or best interests) of the patient. I argue, however, that the construction going on behind the facade involves the use of more-and more precise-tools. In such cases, the law effectively asks three questions. The first, autonomy, question asks: is the proposed course desired by the patient? The second, best interests, question asks: if the patient is not autonomous, then (what) is the proposed course in the patient's best interests? And the third, public interest, question asks: whether or not the patient is autonomous, is the proposed course in the public interest? In its responses to each question, law then offers three different answers, which reveal a plurality of ethical commitments. Thus, the wishes of the (autonomous) patient might reflect her current, her best, or her ideal desires. The best interests of the (non-autonomous) patient, meanwhile, are variously articulated in terms of (again) her desires, or the promotion or preservation of a particular mental state, or the attainment of certain objective goods. Finally, and most often obscured from view, there are public interest concerns-with the interests of the patient, some other (or others), or even the community at large. In identifying these different questions and answers, I hope to provide an explanatory typology. Whether law's plurality of answers-and values-is appropriate, however, remains open to question.

  8. 77 FR 14856 - Public Meeting With Interested Persons To Discuss the Proposed Federal Aviation Administration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Public Meeting With Interested Persons To Discuss the Proposed Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Draft Technical Standard Order (TSO)-C199 Establishing the Minimum... Administration (DOT). ACTION: Notice of public meetings. SUMMARY: The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)...

  9. Why utilisation of medicines is a public health interest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pietro Folino-Gallo

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Utilisation of medicines exerts important effects on public health and health systems in different ways, including their pharmacological properties, their economic impact on health systems and their impact on the environment. Medicines cause intended therapeutic effects. Medicines are able to treat diseases, slow their progression or prevent their appearance as well as relieve symptoms. This is the reason why physicians prescribe, patients use and governments pay for medicines. Some therapeutic classes of drugs represent important progress in medicine and have dramatically improved the therapeutic approach to several diseases.As an example antiulcer agents have changed a severe disease (with fatal complications, requiring gastric surgical resection, into a disease requiring only the consumption of few pills each day for a short period of time, with a substantial improvement in prognosis and quality of life for patients. Avoiding the surgical intervention of gastric resection, and all of its complications, has resulted in substantial gains for individual patients and public health as well as a substantial reduction in the costs of hospitalisation. For other therapeutic classes the benefits are more limited, while the advantages of their use in everyday practice are less evident.

  10. Gary B. Melton: Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    The APA Awards for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest recognize persons who have advanced psychology as a science and/or profession by a single extraordinary achievement or a lifetime of outstanding contributions in the public interest. The 2014 recipient of the Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest is Gary B. Melton. Melton was selected for his "influential scholarship on critical topics in psychology in the public interest, especially child and family law and policy, forensic mental health services, child advocacy, rural psychology, research ethics, and child abuse and neglect." Melton's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here.

  11. 45 CFR 260.54 - Do States have flexibility to grant good cause domestic violence waivers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... domestic violence waivers? 260.54 Section 260.54 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare... Special Provisions Apply to Victims of Domestic Violence? § 260.54 Do States have flexibility to grant good cause domestic violence waivers? (a) Yes; States have broad flexibility to grant these waivers...

  12. Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest: Beverly Greene

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Beverly Greene, recipient of the Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest, has a long history of distinguished contributions in the public interest through her research, scholarship, teaching, practice, and consultation. Her work raises the visibility of many populations that have been overlooked and…

  13. Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in the Public Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Gold Medal Awards recognize distinguished and enduring records of accomplishment in four areas of psychology: the application of psychology, the practice of psychology, psychology in the public interest, and the science of psychology. The 2014 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in the Public Interest is Bonnie R. Strickland.

  14. 75 FR 76753 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-09

    ... and Packaging Thereof, DN 2772; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues... States after importation of certain handbags, luggage, accessories and packaging thereof. The complaint... comments, not to exceed five pages in length, on any public interest issues raised by the...

  15. 24 CFR 103.320 - Provisions sought for the public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the public interest. The following are types of provisions may be sought for the vindication of the public interest: (a) Elimination of discriminatory housing practices. (b) Prevention of future... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Provisions sought for the...

  16. Bernice Lott: Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of the winner of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest. The 2012 winner is Bernice Lott. Lott's commitment to the public interest has always guided her career, as her groundbreaking research on gender, ethnicity, and race…

  17. Conflict of interest in public health: should there be a law to prevent it?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Arun; Holla, Radha; Suri, Shoba

    2015-01-01

    "Conflict of interest", now being commonly cited, is a set of circumstances that creates a risk that professional judgement or actions regarding a primary interest will be unduly influenced by a secondary interest. Conflict of interest situations can be institutional or personal, and can stem from financial or other interests including post-employment opportunities or during public -private partnerships. Conflicts of interest in the creation of public policy, especially health or nutrition related policies such as the vaccine policy, tobacco control, and research related to health, can have negative impact on the lives of millions of people. While the UN Convention Against Corruption, to which India is a signatory, identifies conflict of interest as often being a precursor to corruption, there is no serious action being taken in this direction by the Indian government, in spite of the fact there are instances of serious nature coming to light that affect our peoples lives. If conflict of interest situations are allowed to continue especially in health policy it could be detrimental to millions of people; therefore, it would be in public interest that India enacts a law to prevent conflict of interest in the making of public policies, comprehensive enough to include financial and institutional conflicts of interest.

  18. Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest: Anneliese A. Singh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    The APA Awards for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest recognize persons who have advanced psychology as a science and/or profession by a single extraordinary achievement or a lifetime of outstanding contributions in the public interest. The 2016 corecipient of the Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest is Anneliese A. Singh. Dr. Singh's scholarship "has promoted major advancements in LBGT studies and intersectionality of multiple identities." Singh's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here. (PsycINFO Database Record

  19. Candice L. Odgers: Awards for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    The APA Awards for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest recognize persons who have advanced psychology as a science and/or profession by a single extraordinary achievement or a lifetime of outstanding contributions in the public interest. The 2015 co-recipient of the Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest is Candice L. Odgers. Odgers's work addressing the developmental course of externalizing and conduct disorders and substance use yielded key insights into genetic and environmental variations in risk, leading to policy recommendations regarding how best to target interventions." Odgers's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here.

  20. Michael E. Lamb: Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    The APA Awards for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest recognize persons who have advanced psychology as a science and/or profession by a single extraordinary achievement or a lifetime of outstanding contributions in the public interest. The 2015 co-recipient of the Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest is Michael E. Lamb. Lamb was selected because his "work profoundly shaped the fields of developmental psychology, social welfare, child and family policy, and law." Lamb's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here.

  1. Using social media to discover public values, interests, and perceptions about cattle grazing on park lands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Sheila J

    2014-02-01

    In the western United States, livestock grazing often co-exists with recreation, cultural resource management and biodiversity protection on federal and state protected rangelands as well as on many local government open space areas. While the value of livestock grazing for managing rangeland vegetation to reduce fire fuel loads and improve wildlife habitat is increasingly recognized by resource management professionals, public concerns, and conflict between recreationist and livestock have led to reductions in public land grazing. Traditional public input methods yield a constrained picture of people's attitudes toward cows and public land grazing. Public meetings, hearings, and surveys, the most commonly used mechanisms for public land managers to solicit public opinion, tend to foster participation of organized special interests or, in the case of surveys, focus on a specific topic. General public input is limited. This study explored the use of personal photography in social media to gain insight into public perceptions of livestock grazing in public spaces. Key findings of this study include that many recreationist in grazed San Francisco Bay Area parks shared views, interests, and concerns about cows and grazing on the photo-sharing website, Flickr(TM) that seldom show up at a public meeting or in surveys. Results suggest that social media analysis can help develop a more nuanced understanding of public viewpoints useful in making decisions and creating outreach and education programs for public grazing lands. This study demonstrates that using such media can be useful in gaining an understanding of public concerns about natural resource management.

  2. Using Social Media to Discover Public Values, Interests, and Perceptions about Cattle Grazing on Park Lands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Sheila J.

    2014-02-01

    In the western United States, livestock grazing often co-exists with recreation, cultural resource management and biodiversity protection on federal and state protected rangelands as well as on many local government open space areas. While the value of livestock grazing for managing rangeland vegetation to reduce fire fuel loads and improve wildlife habitat is increasingly recognized by resource management professionals, public concerns, and conflict between recreationist and livestock have led to reductions in public land grazing. Traditional public input methods yield a constrained picture of people's attitudes toward cows and public land grazing. Public meetings, hearings, and surveys, the most commonly used mechanisms for public land managers to solicit public opinion, tend to foster participation of organized special interests or, in the case of surveys, focus on a specific topic. General public input is limited. This study explored the use of personal photography in social media to gain insight into public perceptions of livestock grazing in public spaces. Key findings of this study include that many recreationist in grazed San Francisco Bay Area parks shared views, interests, and concerns about cows and grazing on the photo-sharing website, FlickrTM that seldom show up at a public meeting or in surveys. Results suggest that social media analysis can help develop a more nuanced understanding of public viewpoints useful in making decisions and creating outreach and education programs for public grazing lands. This study demonstrates that using such media can be useful in gaining an understanding of public concerns about natural resource management.

  3. 49 CFR 40.361 - What is the purpose of a public interest exclusion (PIE)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Public Interest Exclusions § 40.361 What is the... punishment. (d) Nothing in this subpart precludes a DOT agency or the Inspector General from taking...

  4. Supremacy of the public interest: A reading based on the complex thought of Edgar Morin

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Renata Nascimento Gomes; Rafael Lazzarotto Simioni

    2014-01-01

    .... For that purpose, we use the arguments of Edgar Morin's "complex thought" theory developed in his work "Science with a conscience", which suggests a use of the concept of public interest not as an...

  5. The sideshow or the circus? The role for public interest organisations at inquests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prictor, Megan

    2012-12-01

    Recent changes in coronial law in Australian jurisdictions have enabled inquests to adopt an expanded scope and have facilitated the participation of family members and other interested parties. Public interest bodies have increasingly sought to have input to coronial policy and practice. This article examines the involvement by public interest organisations in Australian inquests over recent years. These organisations adopt various roles in inquests, including the representation and support of family members of the deceased, and the pursuit of policy and legislative changes. A further role is that of participation in specific inquests as an "interested party", in order to provide relevant expertise, shape the scope of the inquiry, and illuminate systemic issues which may have contributed to a death. This article considers the legal framework for the involvement of public interest organisations, and critically reflects upon the main purposes and effects of such intervention.

  6. 42 CFR 460.28 - Notice of CMS determination on waiver requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notice of CMS determination on waiver requests. 460... CMS determination on waiver requests. (a) Time limit for notification of determination. Within 90 days after receipt of a waiver request, CMS takes one of the following actions: (1) Approves the request....

  7. 42 CFR 405.831 - Waiver of right to appear at carrier hearing and present evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the right to appear is to be in writing and filed with the hearing officer or the carrier. Such waiver... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Waiver of right to appear at carrier hearing and... Appeals Under the Medicare Part B Program § 405.831 Waiver of right to appear at carrier hearing...

  8. The Effects of Audience Interest, Responsiveness, and Evaluation on Public Speaking Anxiety and Related Variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacIntyre, Peter D.; Thivierge, Kimly A.; MacDonald, J. Renee

    1997-01-01

    Examines potential sources of public-speaking anxiety among undergraduate students stemming from the audience. Identifies three sources of anxiety: degree of formal evaluation, level of audience interest in the topic, and audience's responsiveness to the speaker. Measures willingness to speak and expected speech quality. Finds interest,…

  9. Public Goods and Public Interests: Scholarly Communication and Government Documents in Research Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potvin, Sarah; Sare, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Federal mandates requiring that publicly funded research be made openly accessible recast scholarly information as public information and provide an impetus to join the efforts of scholarly communication and government information programs in United States research libraries. Most major research libraries are long-standing participants in the…

  10. 78 FR 48864 - Limited Public Interest Waiver Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-12

    ... would need to be done to the roof and ductwork. This work would include: ``equipment curbs will be re... properly re-roofed. Some of the existing roof ductwork will be demolished and disposed of properly to...

  11. 76 FR 81919 - Limited Public Interest Waiver Under Section 1605 (Buy American) of the American Recovery and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... engines with continuous rating of less than 2.0MW. In addition, the foreign manufacturer is the supplier of choice for the 24 island countries who are members of the Pacific Power Association. All...

  12. Government databases and public health research: facilitating access in the public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Carolyn; Allen, Judy

    2014-06-01

    Access to datasets of personal health information held by government agencies is essential to support public health research and to promote evidence-based public health policy development. Privacy legislation in Australia allows the use and disclosure of such information for public health research. However, access is not always forthcoming in a timely manner and the decision-making process undertaken by government data custodians is not always transparent. Given the public benefit in research using these health information datasets, this article suggests that it is time to recognise a right of access for approved research and that the decisions, and decision-making processes, of government data custodians should be subject to increased scrutiny. The article concludes that researchers should have an avenue of external review where access to information has been denied or unduly delayed.

  13. 41 CFR 102-118.400 - Must my agency renew a waiver of the prepayment audit requirements?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Must my agency renew a waiver of the prepayment audit requirements? 102-118.400 Section 102-118.400 Public Contracts and... Waivers from Mandatory Prepayment Audit § 102-118.400 Must my agency renew a waiver of the...

  14. OPPORTUNITY LOST: THE SUPREME COURT MISSES A HISTORIC CHANCE TO CONSIDER QUESTION OF PUBLIC INTEREST STANDING FOR ANIMAL INTERESTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Sankoff

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The Supreme Court of Canada recently denied leave to appeal in Reece v. Edmonton (City, a 2-1 decision of the Alberta Court of Appeal, which focused on the right of private parties to seek judicial intervention on behalf of animals. In this article, the author examines the implications of this "lost opportunity" to develop an important area of law relating to public interest standing, explores the important questions that were at stake in the appeal, and suggests why the Supreme Court should have decided otherwise. La Cour suprême du Canada a récemment rejeté la demande d’autorisation d’appel de l’affaire Reece v. Edmonton (Ville, – une décision (2 contre 1 de la Cour d’appel de l’Alberta – qui portait sur le droit de simples individus de demander une intervention judiciaire au nom des animaux. Dans le présent article, l’auteur examine les conséquences de cette [TRADUCTION] « occasion ratée » de développer un important domaine du droit relatif à l’intérêt public, et de traiter les questions sérieuses qui étaient soulevées dans l’appel; il tente d’expliquer pourquoi la Cour suprême aurait dû rendre une décision différente.

  15. Lack of proportionality. Seven specifications of public interest that override post-approval commercial interests on limited access to clinical data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Strech Daniel

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract For the protection of commercial interests, licensing bodies such as the EMA and health technology assessment institutions such as NICE restrict full access to unpublished evidence. Their respective policies on data transparency, however, lack a systematic account of (1 what kinds of commercial interests remain relevant after market approval has been granted, (2 what the specific types of public interest are that may override these commercial interests post approval, and, most importantly, (3 what criteria guide the trade-off between public interest and legitimate measures for the protection of commercial interest. Comparing potential commercial interests with seven specifications of relevant public interest reveals the lack of proportionality inherent in the current practices of EMA and NICE.

  16. Knowledge and interest in Public Health: opinions of undergraduate students in Physical Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Erickson Rodrigues

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the opinions of undergraduate students in Physical Therapy on acquired knowledge and interest in the study of Public Health. Methods: This is a crosssectional and qualitative study conducted in a private higher education institution, inMaceió-AL, Brazil, from June to December 2010. It comprised students from 5th and 10th period, which were allocated by convenience sampling, resulting in a final sample of 40 students with 20 students from each period. Later, each student was individually interviewedin a private, lit, air conditioned place, without time limit, being collected through a digital voice recorder the answers to the following questions: “How do you judge your knowledgeabout Public Health?” and “What is your interest in the study of Public Health?”. Collective subject discourse was used to analysis of qualitative variables. Results: Students considered their knowledge of Public Health as “limited”. Regarding their interest, the students in 5th period declared “little interest”, while the academics of the 10th period reported themselves as “very interested”. Conclusions: From the point of view of undergraduate students in Physical Therapy, their knowledge about Public Health is limited. Interest in the study of Public Health is greater among the academics closer to graduation.

  17. 21 CFR 1401.13 - Waiver or reduction of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Waiver or reduction of fees. 1401.13 Section 1401.13 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION § 1401.13 Waiver or reduction of fees. Fees chargeable in connection with a request may be waived or reduced...

  18. The tobacco industry, researchers, and ethical access to UK Biobank: using the public interest and public good.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capps, Benjamin James; van der Eijk, Yvette

    2014-10-01

    We have asked whether the strategic purpose of the tobacco industry is something that a public resource, such as UK Biobank, should support. Tobacco industry health research has been known to work irreconcilably with the purposes of such institutions, which can be surmised as for the public good and defined to improve the provision, diagnosis, and treatment of illness and the promotion of health throughout society. We have isolated possible conflicts of interest that underlie vested research agendas of the tobacco industry and that may extend to tobacco industry-funded researchers. With respect to research, we find that the tobacco industry is entirely at odds with the purposes of public biobanking.

  19. Education & Public Policy in Bogotá: Guarding the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parra, Juan David

    2009-01-01

    High school education appears to be a key variable for the economic prosperity of Bogotá. However, the lack of consideration of quality as a necessary standard for education in the city threatens its potential to positively affect social welfare. One of the main problems emerges from an imprecise conception of education as a public good, which is…

  20. Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest: Mark L. Hatzenbuehler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    The APA Awards for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest recognize persons who have advanced psychology as a science and/or profession by a single extraordinary achievement or a lifetime of outstanding contributions in the public interest. The 2016 corecipient of the Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest is Mark L. Hatzenbuehler. The Award recognizes Dr. Hatzenbuehler's advancements in understanding stigma, particularly "the stigma experience of being gay or bisexual at the psychological level in terms of rumination, secret keeping, and the like; at the social level in terms of stigma-imbued social interactions; and at the structural level in terms of policies such as the presence or absence of anti-bullying interventions in schools or gay marriage prohibitions at the level of states." Hatzenbuehler's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here. (PsycINFO Database Record

  1. 76 FR 67207 - Certain Wiper Blades; Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-31

    ..., DN 2852; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the complaint... any public interest issues raised by the complaint. Comments should address whether issuance of an... opportunities for comment on the public interest after the issuance of any final initial determination in...

  2. Application of American Civil Action to Public Interest Action in Environmental Protection of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ye Suping; Li Yanshun

    2006-01-01

    Economic development has made a negative impact on the environment. However, our proceedings on public interest action are almost blank, causing many of the cases related to the environmental protection to be rejected by the court for the reason that the prosecutors fail to provide enough evidence. Therefore, we can take the U.S. system of civil action for reference to improve our public interest action while employing proxy litigation. The measures can be included as follows: relax the plaintiff qualifications; establish the necessary lead procedures; invert the responsibility of providing evidence.

  3. The Role of Regulating the Accounting Profession and the Public Interest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ecaterina Necsulescu

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The high quality services provided by the accounting profession are a function of theprofessional standards, of the personal value and competences, the regulation systems, all having tobe coherent and back each other. All the activities that form the accounting profession are of equalimportance, as seen through the eyes of the public interest. The scope of this paper is to underline therole of CECCAR in sustaining and promoting international practices at a high level, in regulating theactivities and the conduct of its members, in developing and consolidating the accounting professionin order to serve the public interest.

  4. Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in the Public Interest: Bernice Lott

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Gold Medal Awards recognize distinguished and enduring records of accomplishment in four areas of psychology: the application of psychology, the practice of psychology, psychology in the public interest, and the science of psychology. The 2011 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in…

  5. 76 FR 55108 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    .... International Trade Commission has received a complaint entitled In Re Certain Devices for Mobile Data Communication, DN 2843; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the... importation, and the sale within the United States after importation of certain devices for mobile...

  6. 77 FR 3794 - Certain Mobile Devices and Related Software; Request for Statements on the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION Certain Mobile Devices and Related Software; Request for Statements on the Public Interest AGENCY: U.S. International Trade Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that...

  7. Public and private interests in regulation : essays in the law and economics of regulation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hertog, J.A. den

    2003-01-01

    The six chapters in this thesis all focus on regulation. Public and private interest theories of regulation are used as a viewpoint and as an instrument to analyse and evaluate particular regulations and policy developments. Furthermore, in the literature there is a debate about the explanatory powe

  8. 76 FR 1458 - Notice of Availability: Notice of Public Interest (NOPI) for Fiscal Year 2010 Transformation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND... Transformation Initiative: Sustainable Communities Research Grant Program AGENCY: Office of the Chief of the... Sustainable Communities Research Grant Program. The purpose of this Notice of Public Interest (NOPI) is to...

  9. Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The 2004 Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in the Public Interest is awarded to Florence L. Denmark. She is recognized for her efforts to help legitimize the psychology of women by teaching the first doctoral psychology course in the field and through her scholarly texts and articles. She continues to have an impact on the…

  10. Problem Solving and Creativity in Public Policy Courses: Promoting Interest and Civic Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wukich, Clayton; Siciliano, Michael D.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the impact of problem-solving and creativity exercises on student interest in public policy making and behavior related to civic engagement. Researchers have long described policy making as a function of problem solving. Creativity has also been identified as an important component of the process. While these skills are…

  11. Problem Solving and Creativity in Public Policy Courses: Promoting Interest and Civic Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wukich, Clayton; Siciliano, Michael D.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the impact of problem-solving and creativity exercises on student interest in public policy making and behavior related to civic engagement. Researchers have long described policy making as a function of problem solving. Creativity has also been identified as an important component of the process. While these skills are…

  12. Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest: Keith Humphreys

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Keith Humphreys, recipient of the Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest, is cited for creatively combining a scientist's commitment to rigor, a clinician's emphasis on high-quality mental health care, and a policy analyst's understanding of how to address and resolve social problems. His work as a…

  13. Marguerita Lightfoot: Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of the winner of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest. The 2012 winner is Marguerita Lightfoot for her leadership, innovation, and commitment to applying psychological principles to develop behavioral health interventions for…

  14. Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in the Public Interest: Bernice Lott

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Gold Medal Awards recognize distinguished and enduring records of accomplishment in four areas of psychology: the application of psychology, the practice of psychology, psychology in the public interest, and the science of psychology. The 2011 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in…

  15. Accountability and Assessment: Is Public Interest in K-12 Education Being Served? CRESST Report 728

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, Joan L.

    2007-01-01

    The reauthorization of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) makes this a good time to consider whether and how current accountability serves the public interest and whether and how it can better do so. This report explores these issues in the context of the current literature on the effects of accountability in K-12 education. It considers the meaning…

  16. 75 FR 38068 - Public Meeting With Interested Stakeholders for National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Parts 122, 123, 403, 501 and 503 Public Meeting With Interested Stakeholders for National... than Wednesday, July 7, 2010. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This meeting will be open to all stakeholders... targeted to protect the environment. For this meeting, EPA plans to seek comment from...

  17. 43 CFR 12.5 - Waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Waiver. 12.5 Section 12.5 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior ADMINISTRATIVE AND AUDIT REQUIREMENTS AND COST PRINCIPLES FOR ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Administrative and Audit Requirements and Cost Principles for...

  18. Disclosing conflicts of interest in German publications concerning health services research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schwartz Friedrich W

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The influence of the pharmaceutical industry and other stakeholders on medical science has been increasingly criticised. When dealing with conflicts of interest in scientific publications it is important to ensure the best possible transparency. The objective of this work is to examine the disclosure practice of financial and non-financial conflicts of interest in German language publications concerning health services research for the first time. Methods We performed a systematic literature search in the PubMed data base using the MeSH term "health services research". The review was conducted on July 10, 2006, setting the limits "dates: published in the last 2 years" and "languages: German" (only articles with abstracts. 124 articles in 31 magazines were found. In the magazines the instructions for authors were examined as to whether a statement on conflicts of interest is expected – and if, in which form. Regarding the articles in the journals which require a statement, we examined whether the statement is explicitly published. The results are descriptively represented. Results 13 magazines (42% do not require any statement on conflicts of interest, whereas 18 journals (58% expect a statement. Two of these 18 magazines refer explicitly to the uniform requirements of the International Committee of the Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE; the remaining 16 magazines give differently accentuated instructions on how to disclose conflicts of interest, whereby the focus is primarily on financial issues. A statement on conflicts of interest is explicitly published in 11 of the 71 articles (15% which are found in the magazines that require a statement with the submission of a manuscript. Related to the total number of included articles, this means that the reader explicitly receives information on potential conflicts of interest in 9% of the cases (11 of 124 articles. Statements of others that are involved in the publication process

  19. The post-2015 landscape: vested interests, corporate social responsibility and public health advocacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrick, Clare

    2016-09-01

    This paper explores the tensions between UN calls for private sector engagement in the post-2015 landscape and public health opposition to those 'harm industries' that are 'corporate vectors of disease' for the mounting global non-communicable disease burden. The UN's support for public-private partnership has provided industries with 'vested interests' in the propagation of unhealthy behaviours with new opportunities for the strategic alignment of their corporate social responsibility (CSR) endeavours with the post-2015 sustainable development agenda. This has galvanised public health advocates to place pressure on the World Health Organisation to formalise their ambiguous stance towards private sector involvement in public policy formation and the resultant 'conflicts of interest'. This paper critically examines the 'gathering storm' between this 'anti-corporate movement' and the alcohol industry in the increasingly politicised domain of CSR. Drawing on the example of SABMiller's Tavern Intervention Program, the paper argues that CSR represents a profound threat to the sanctity and moral authority of the public health worldview. Questions therefore need to be asked about whether the public health-led path of industry non-association will necessarily result in health improvements or just a further retrenchment of the ideological faultlines explored in the paper.

  20. The Tobacco Industry, Researchers, and Ethical Access to UK Biobank: Using the Public Interest and Public Good

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Eijk, Yvette

    2014-01-01

    We have asked whether the strategic purpose of the tobacco industry is something that a public resource, such as UK Biobank, should support. Tobacco industry health research has been known to work irreconcilably with the purposes of such institutions, which can be surmised as for the public good and defined to improve the provision, diagnosis, and treatment of illness and the promotion of health throughout society. We have isolated possible conflicts of interest that underlie vested research agendas of the tobacco industry and that may extend to tobacco industry–funded researchers. With respect to research, we find that the tobacco industry is entirely at odds with the purposes of public biobanking. PMID:25122018

  1. Public goods and private interests: Understanding non-residential demand for green power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiser, Ryan H.; Fowlie, Meredith; Holt, Edward A.

    2001-01-01

    This article presents the results of the first large-scale mail survey of non-residential green power customers in the United States. The survey explored the motivations, attitudes, and experiences of 464 business, non-profit, and public-sector customers that have voluntarily opted to purchase - and frequently pay a premium for - renewable electricity. Results of this study should be of value to marketers interested in targeting these customer segments, to policy makers interested in fostering and understanding non-residential demand for green power, and to academics pondering the motivations for firms to engage in such voluntary environmental initiatives.

  2. Public interest litigation in the Netherlands : A multidimensional take on the promotion of environmental interests by private parties through the courts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Broek, Berthy; Enneking, Liesbeth

    2014-01-01

    In the Netherlands, the administrative law system is traditionally seen as best suited for dealing with public interest-related lawsuits. Especially in the field of environmental law, NGOs seeking to promote broader environmental interests regularly initiate judicial procedures before administrative

  3. Medical journals' conflicts of interest in the publication of book reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Ronald M; Neale, Anne Victoria; Monsur, Joseph C

    2003-10-01

    The purpose of the study was to assess medical journals' conflicts of interest in the publication of book reviews. We examined book reviews published in 1999, 2000, and 2001 (N = 1,876) in five leading medical journals: Annals of Internal Medicine, British Medical Journal (BMJ), Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Lancet, and New England Journal of Medicine. The main outcome measure was journal publication of reviews of books that had been published by the journal's own publisher, that had been edited or authored by a lead editor of the journal, or that posed another conflict of interest. We also surveyed the editors-in-chief of the five journals about their policies on these conflicts of interests. During the study period, four of the five journals published 30 book reviews presenting a conflict of interest: nineteen by the BMJ, five by the Annals, four by JAMA, and two by the Lancet. These reviews represent 5.8%, 2.7%, 0.7%, and 0.7%, respectively, of all book reviews published by the journals. These four journals, respectively, published reviews of 11.9%, 25.0%, 0.9%, and 1.0% of all medical books published by the journals' publishers. Only one of the 30 book reviews included a disclosure statement addressing the conflict of interest. None of the journals had a written policy pertaining to the conflicts of interest assessed in this study, although four reported having unwritten policies. We recommend that scientific journals and associations representing journal editors develop policies on conflicts of interest pertaining to book reviews.

  4. 75 FR 61562 - Petition for Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... subject to this waiver are only used for tourist passengers, films, movies, props, still photos and the... authentic in their antiquated and historic look. Interested parties are invited to participate in...

  5. Interests, Norms, and Support for the Provision of Global Public Goods: The Case of Climate Cooperation

    OpenAIRE

    Bechtel, Michael; Genovese, Federica; Kenneth F. Scheve

    2016-01-01

    Mitigating climate change requires countries to provide a global public good. This means that the domestic cleavages underlying mass attitudes toward international climate policy are a central determinant of its provision. We argue that the industry-specific costs of emission abatement and internalized social norms help explain support for climate policy. To evaluate our predictions we develop novel measures of industry-specific interests by cross-referencing individuals’ sectors of employmen...

  6. "Angel's Love" Chinese Goddess Nuwa Culture Large-scale Activities for Public Interests

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Initiated by Chinese Red Cross Foundation and sponsored by American General Business Association, Chinese Nuwa (a goddess-creator of the Chinese nation) Culture Large-scale Activities for Public Interests undertaken by Beijing Absolute Challenge International Advertising Co., Ltd. has recently commenced in an all-round way. A grand ceremony will be held at Nuwa Plaza in Shexian County, Hebei Province on Septemper 24, 2007.

  7. Corporate philanthropy and conflicts of interest in public health: ExxonMobil, Equatorial Guinea, and malaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Naman K

    2013-01-01

    Equatorial Guinea, the most prosperous country in Africa, still bears a large malaria burden. With massive wealth from oil reserves, and nearly half its population living in island ecotypes favourable for malaria control, only poor governance can explain continued parasite burden. By financially backing the country's dictator and other officials through illicit payments, the oil company ExxonMobil contributed to the state's failure. Now ExxonMobil, having helped perpetuate malaria in Equatorial Guinea, gives money to non-governmental organizations, charitable foundations, and universities to advocate for and undertake malaria work. How, and on what terms, can public health engage with such an actor? We discuss challenges in the identification and management of conflicts of interest in public health activities. We reviewed the business and foundation activities of ExxonMobil and surveyed organizations that received ExxonMobil money about their conflict of interest policies. Reforms in ExxonMobil's business practices, as well as its charitable structure, and reforms in the way public health groups screen and manage conflicts of interest are needed to ensure that any relationship ultimately improves the health of citizens.

  8. Evaluating postgraduate public health and biomedical training program outcomes: : lost opportunities and renewed interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faupel-Badger, Jessica; Nelson, David E; Marcus, Stephen; Kudura, Aisha; Nghiem, Elaine

    2013-03-01

    To identify recent studies in the scientific literature that evaluated structured postgraduate public health and biomedical training programs and reported career outcomes among individual trainees, a comprehensive search of several databases was conducted to identify published studies in English between January 1995 and January 2012. Studies of interest included those that evaluated career outcomes for trainees completing full-time public health or biomedical training programs of at least 12 months duration, with structured training offered on-site. Of the over 600 articles identified, only 13 met the inclusion criteria. Six studies evaluated US federal agency programs and six were of university-based programs. Seven programs were solely or predominantly of physicians, with only one consisting mainly of PhDs. Most studies used a cohort or cross-sectional design. The studies were mainly descriptive, with only four containing statistical data. Type of employment was the most common outcome measure (n = 12) and number of scientific publications (n = 6) was second. The lack of outcomes evaluation data from postgraduate public health and biomedical training programs in the published literature is a lost opportunity for understanding the career paths of trainees and the potential impact of training programs. Suggestions for increasing interest in conducting and reporting evaluation studies of these structured postgraduate training programs are provided.

  9. 75 FR 67023 - Delegation of Waiver Authority Pursuant to Section 107(a) of Public Law 110-457

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    ...) of Public Law 110-457 Memorandum for the Secretary of State By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 301 of title 3...) of the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (Public Law...

  10. Deciding in the best interest of clients with dementia: the experience of public guardians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Holly A; Black, Betty S; Rabins, Peter V

    2008-01-01

    We conducted an in-depth interview study of public guardians in three local jurisdictions in the state of Maryland to explore the decision-making process utilized by court-appointed public guardians making medical and EOL care decisions on behalf of their clients with dementia. Overall, public guardians appeared to make their decisions in the context of relevant ethical principles and relevant case law and state statute, and the basis upon which they made informed decisions was dependent on their training and experience. The stated goal of public guardians is to make decisions that they believe are in the best interest of their clients. In the case of a healthcare decision, their goal is to maximize quality of life; and in the case of an EOL care decision, their goal is to minimize pain and suffering. In general, public guardians gathered information in order to identify previous preferences of their now-incapacitated clients, so that they could develop a preference profile to assist both an initial decision on whether an individual ought to have a court-appointed public guardian, and with healthcare and EOL decisions once an appointment was made. When guardians were unable to develop a preference profile for a particular client, they relied on past decisions in similar situations. Healthcare and EOL decisions were most often triggered by a recommendation by the client's healthcare provider. Once a decision-point was identified, the public guardian considered the risks and benefits of the proposed intervention in light of the client's current condition. At times the guardians reviewed informational resources such as textbooks and the Internet. In addition, most guardians sought advice from a medical consultant who is available to all public guardians in Maryland. Some guardians sought the advice of this medical consultant only when faced with more complex decisions. Guardians challenged physicians' recommendations when they believed the physicians were recommending

  11. Impact of Vice President Cheney on public interest in left ventricular assist devices and heart transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Ambarish; Abdullah, Kazeen; Drazner, Mark H

    2014-05-01

    Although celebrity illnesses attract a significant amount of media attention in the United States, there are few studies that have looked at how celebrity health conditions impact the awareness of the illness in the general population. Recently, Vice President Cheney underwent left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation and subsequently a cardiac transplant. The aim of this study was to determine whether there was evidence of increased interest in these 2 procedures as assessed by social media. We determined the relative frequency of Google searches for LVAD and heart transplantation from 2004 to 2013 using Google trends. We also counted the number of YouTube videos and Twitter messages posted monthly concerning LVADs over a 7-year time frame. There was a significant spike in the Google search interest for LVAD and heart transplantation in the month when Vice President Cheney underwent the respective procedure. Similarly, there was a large increase in YouTube videos and Twitter messages concerning LVADs shortly after he was implanted. In total, these data support the concept that a public figure's illness can significantly influence the public's interest in that condition and its associated therapies.

  12. 公益诉讼当事人问题探究%Research onPublic Interest Litigants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王恒亮

    2014-01-01

    In public interest litigation ,the two problems of public interest litigants being qualified or not and the pro-tection of public interest litigants ’ rights are important to promote the rationalization and legalization of public inter-est litigation.On the basis of discussing the qualification and litigation status of public interest litigants ,the article researches the influence of our imperfect public interest litigation system on public interest litigants and realizes that it is necessary to improve public interest litigation system and protect public interest litigants ’ rights.Then,our pub-lic interest litigation system can play its due role and public interest can be protected in the lawsuit level .%公益诉讼中,公益诉讼当事人的适格与否、公益诉讼当事人权益的保护这两大问题,对促进公益诉讼制度的合理化与合法化具有重要作用。文章在探讨公益诉讼当事人适格问题和其诉讼地位的基础上,研究了我国不完善的公益诉讼制度对公益诉讼当事人的影响,认识到完善公益诉讼制度保障公益诉讼当事人的权益是十分必要的,如此,我国的公益诉讼制度才能发挥其应有的作用,公共利益在诉讼层面才能得到保障。

  13. Conflicts of interest in biomedical publications: considerations for authors, peer reviewers, and editors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Akazhanov, Nurbek A.; Kitas, George D.

    2013-01-01

    This article overviews evidence on common instances of conflict of interest (COI) in research publications from general and specialized fields of biomedicine. Financial COIs are viewed as the most powerful source of bias, which may even distort citation outcomes of sponsored publications. The urge to boost journal citation indicators by stakeholders of science communication is viewed as a new secondary interest, which may compromize the interaction between authors, peer reviewers, and editors. Comprehensive policies on disclosure of financial and non-financial COIs in scholarly journals are presented as proxies of their indexing in evidence-based databases, and examples of successful medical journals are discussed in detail. Reports on clinical trials, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and clinical practice guidelines may be unduly influenced by author-pharmaceutical industry relations, but these publications do not always contain explicit disclosures to allow the readers to judge the reliability of the published conclusions and practice-changing recommendations. The article emphasizes the importance of adhering to the guidance on COI from learned associations such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). It also considers joint efforts of authors, peer reviewers, and editors as a foundation for appropriately defining and disclosing potential COIs. PMID:24382859

  14. The Problematic of Small-Scale Land Acquisition (Less than 5 Hectares for Public Interest Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donna Okhtalia Setiabudhi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Land acquisition for public interest development is stipulated in Act No. 2 of 2012 concerning Land Acquisition for Development of Public Interest. One arrangement of land acquisition in legal substances that have been formed are small-scale land acquisition (less than 5 hectares, but it is still governed by very vague and thus susceptible to the multi-interpretation and raises doubts in its implementation. This paper discusses the problematic that arise due to unclear regulations concerning small-scale land acquisition and to provide solutions to these problems. Based on the discussion the authors concluded first, the problematic of small-scale land acquisition is the arrangement of land acquisition that is so vague that there is no clarity regarding the procedures for determining of location, the phase of land acquisition, which excludes public consultation, there is no regulation regarding preventive measures against the impact for the community around location of land acquisition. Second, the solution could be found to this problem is a regulation of small-scale land acquisition should ideally be regulated more comprehensively considering that small-scale land acquisition allows the emergence of adverse effects for the community around location of land acquisition so that the stages of planning and preparation that is set for the large-scale land acquisition is similarly applied for small-scale.

  15. Conflicts of interest in biomedical publications: considerations for authors, peer reviewers, and editors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Akazhanov, Nurbek A; Kitas, George D

    2013-12-01

    This article overviews evidence on common instances of conflict of interest (COI) in research publications from general and specialized fields of biomedicine. Financial COIs are viewed as the most powerful source of bias, which may even distort citation outcomes of sponsored publications. The urge to boost journal citation indicators by stakeholders of science communication is viewed as a new secondary interest, which may compromize the interaction between authors, peer reviewers and editors. Comprehensive policies on disclosure of financial and non-financial COIs in scholarly journals are presented as proxies of their indexing in evidence-based databases, and examples of successful medical journals are discussed in detail. Reports on clinical trials, systematic reviews, meta-analyses and clinical practice guidelines may be unduly influenced by author-pharmaceutical industry relations, but these publications do not always contain explicit disclosures to allow the readers to judge the reliability of the published conclusions and practice-changing recommendations. The article emphasizes the importance of adhering to the guidance on COI from learned associations such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). It also considers joint efforts of authors, peer reviewers and editors as a foundation for appropriately defining and disclosing potential COIs.

  16. Regulatory theory: commercially sustainable markets rely upon satisfying the public interest in obtaining credible goods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren-Jones, Amanda

    2017-10-01

    Regulatory theory is premised on the failure of markets, prompting a focus on regulators and industry from economic perspectives. This article argues that overlooking the public interest in the sustainability of commercial markets risks markets failing completely. This point is exemplified through health care markets - meeting an essential need - and focuses upon innovative medicines as the most desired products in that market. If this seemingly invulnerable market risks failure, there is a pressing need to consider the public interest in sustainable markets within regulatory literature and practice. Innovative medicines are credence goods, meaning that the sustainability of the market fundamentally relies upon the public trusting regulators to vouch for product quality. Yet, quality is being eroded by patent bodies focused on economic benefits from market growth, rather than ensuring innovatory value. Remunerative bodies are not funding medicines relative to market value, and market authorisation bodies are not vouching for robust safety standards or confining market entry to products for 'unmet medical need'. Arguably, this failure to assure quality heightens the risk of the market failing where it cannot be substituted by the reputation or credibility of providers of goods and/or information such as health care professionals/institutions, patient groups or industry.

  17. 75 FR 68661 - Buy America Waiver Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-08

    ... project. MarAd has reached out to the steel industry and solicited public comments on the domestic... project. Once Federal-aid funds are obligated to a project, then all steel and iron incorporated into the... via the Quonset ] Development Corporation. The waivers for each of these projects involve...

  18. Public Private Partnerships and the Public Interest: A Case Study of Ottawa’s Lansdowne Park Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Stoney

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Public private partnerships (PPPs are increasingly advocated as beneficial for the delivery of public services, facilities, and infrastructure for municipal governments. However, such partnerships often raise serious concerns about transparency and accountability. While municipal governments across Canada have tried to increase public participation in local affairs, PPPs can impede such efforts. This article presents a case study of the Lansdowne Park PPP redevelopment in the City of Ottawa. We focus on how transparency and citizen engagement have been compromised and circumvented and link to broader issues of how to balance the privileged status of business and the demands for commercial confidentiality with the public interest, transparency, and citizen engagement in projects that use PPPs. The article concludes by arguing that some projects and some conditions can render the use of PPPs inappropriate and counterproductive in terms of both effectiveness and the basic principles of good governance. / Les partenariats public-privé (PPP sont de plus en plus préconisés par les municipalités comme étant une solution avantageuse pour la prestation de services publics ainsi que la réalisation de projets d’installations et d’infrastructures publiques. Toutefois, de tels partenariats soulèvent souvent d’importantes préoccupations quant à la transparence et la reddition de compte en lien avec ce processus. Plusieurs municipalités canadiennes ont fait de grands progrès pour accroître la participation des citoyens aux affaires municipales, mais les PPP peuvent représenter un obstacle important à de tels efforts. Cet article présente une étude de cas sur le réaménagement du parc Lansdowne dans le cadre d’un PPP à la Ville d’Ottawa. L’article se concentre sur la façon dont la transparence et l’engagement des citoyens ont été compromis et contournés dans ce processus. Cette analyse est liée à des considérations sur la

  19. How the public perceives the visual effects of timber harvesting: an evaluation of interest group preferences

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCool, Stephen F.; Benson, Robert E.; Ashor, Joseph L.

    1986-05-01

    A total of 25 scenes representing the five visual quality objectives in the US Department of Agriculture Forest Service visual management system were presented to 18 professional and public interest groups in western Montana. The results indicate that nearly all the groups have similar rank orderings of the scenes in terms of visual preference. However, the groups differ according to the absolute values of their ratings. Most groups were unable, in a statistical sense, to differentiate the scenic quality of areas in the preservation and retention visual quality objectives. Landscape architects tended to rate scenes in a way similar to professional forest management groups.

  20. We do not recognise anything 'private': public interest and private law under the socialist legal tradition and beyond

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Mańko

    2015-01-01

    In line with Lenin’s famous quote that Bolsheviks "do not recognise anything private" and that private law must be permeated with public interest, the private (civil) law of the USSR and other countries of the Soviet bloc, including Poland underwent reform aimed at furthering the public interest at

  1. 47 CFR 64.1330 - State review of payphone entry and exit regulations and public interest payphones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... regulations and public interest payphones. 64.1330 Section 64.1330 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS... its rules and policies to determine whether it has provided for public interest payphones consistent... Provision of Payphone Service § 64.1330 State review of payphone entry and exit regulations and...

  2. Gold Medal Award for life achievement in psychology in the public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Gold Medal Awards recognize distinguished and enduring records of accomplishment in four areas of psychology: the application of psychology, the practice of psychology, psychology in the public interest, and the science of psychology. The 2011 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in the Public Interest is Salvatore R. Maddi. Dorothy W. Cantor, president of the APF, will present the APF Gold Medal Awards at the 120th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on August 3, 2012, at 4:00 p.m. Members of the 2012 APF Board of Trustees are Dorothy W. Cantor, president; Charles L. Brewer, vice president/secretary; Gerald Koocher, treasurer; Elisabeth R. Straus, executive vice president/executive director; Norman Anderson; Brian N. Baird; David H. Barlow; Camilla Benbow; Sharon Stephens Brehm; Connie Chan; William Howell; Anthony Jackson; Ronald F. Levant; Aurelio Prifitera; Sandra Shullman; Archie L. Turner; and Kurt Geisinger, APA Board of Directors liaison.

  3. Public accept for environmental taxes: self-interest, environmental and distributional concerns

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kallbekken, Steffen; Saelen, Haakon

    2010-07-15

    While strongly recommended by economists, it has often been politically difficult to impose taxes on externalities. There is a substantial literature on public attitudes towards environmental taxes. There have, however, been few comprehensive attempts to understand attitudes towards environmental taxes, and few attempts to isolate the effects of selfish and social preferences. The main research question in this paper is which factors influence support for fuel taxation. We propose a model of attitudes towards fuel taxation, and test this model as well as more specific hypotheses, using data from a representative survey of the adult Norwegian population. Our results suggest that support for fuel taxation is best predicted by beliefs about environmental consequences, followed by beliefs about consequences to others. Beliefs about consequences to self ( self interest ) is the factor that explains the least variation in support for fuel taxation. The academically interesting result that support cannot be well explained without capturing a broad range of motivational factors is also highly policy relevant. It implies that there is no magic formula for increasing public support for environmental taxes. There are, however, some issues which can be addressed: trust in how well the government spends the revenue, and the perception that taxation does very little to change behaviour and thus to reduce environmental problems. (Author)

  4. 76 FR 74844 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance at Auburn-Lewiston Municipal Airport...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    ... Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (AIR 21) requires the FAA to provide an opportunity for public... northwesterly line of said McLeod 435.53' to a 5 rebar with cap stamped ``NCS, INC PLS 1314'' set in the... and land N/F of City of Auburn and City of Lewiston (Airport Property) 200.49' to a 5 rebar with...

  5. Research on public interests and government interests relationship problems in the process of public policy%公共政策过程中的公共利益与政府利益关系问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘金梅; 付浩海

    2015-01-01

    公共政策的问题从本质上说是公共利益的问题,而公共利益内部又孕育着政府利益,本文从公共利益与政府利益的相互关系开始分析,进而分析政府利益扩张的根本原因,最后提出了克服政府自利性行为的有效途径。强调政府的根本职责是制定和实施有效的公共政策以实现公共利益,探索在公共政策过程中实现公共利益与政府利益互惠与公正的基本路径,规避不适的政府利益对公共政策效果的影响。%The problem of the public policy is essentially the problem of public interests,and public interests and government interests within breeds,began to analyze the relationship from the public interests and government inter-ests,government interests expansion and root cause analysis,finally puts forward the effective way to overcome the government self benefit behavior.It emphasizes that the fundamental responsibility of the government's public policy formulation and implementation of effective in order to achieve the public interest,to explore the basic way to a-chieve public interests and government interests reciprocity and fairness in the public policy process,influence to a-void discomfort government interests in public policy effect.

  6. Public acceptance for environmental taxes: Self-interest, environmental and distributional concerns

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kallbekken, Steffen, E-mail: steffen.kallbekken@cicero.uio.n [CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research-Oslo, PO Box 1129 Blindern, 0318 Oslo (Norway); Saelen, Hakon [CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research-Oslo, PO Box 1129 Blindern, 0318 Oslo (Norway)

    2011-05-15

    While strongly recommended by economists, it has often been politically difficult to impose taxes on externalities. There is a substantial literature on public attitudes towards environmental taxes. There has, however, been few comprehensive attempts to understand attitudes towards environmental taxes. The main research question in this paper is which factors influence support for fuel taxation. We propose a model of attitudes towards fuel taxation, and test this model as well as more specific hypotheses, using data from a representative survey of the adult Norwegian population. Our results suggest that support for fuel taxation is best predicted by beliefs about environmental consequences, followed by beliefs about consequences to others. Beliefs about consequences to self (self-interest) is the factor that explains the least variation in support for fuel taxation. The academically interesting result that support cannot be well explained without capturing a broad range of motivational factors is also highly policy relevant. It implies that there is no magic formula for increasing public support for environmental taxes. There are, however, some issues which can be addressed: trust in how well the government spends the revenue, and the perception that taxation does very little to change behaviour and thus to reduce environmental problems. - Research highlights: {yields} Which factors influence support for fuel taxation? {yields} We test a model of attitudes towards fuel taxes with data from a Norwegian survey. {yields} Support for fuel taxation best predicted by beliefs about environmental consequences. {yields} Support for fuel taxation followed by beliefs about consequences to others. {yields} Self-interest is the factor that explains the least variation in support.

  7. Public Interest Litigation in the NetherlandsA Multidimensional Take on the Promotion of Environmental Interests by Private Parties through the Courts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berthy van den Broek

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In the Netherlands, the administrative law system is traditionally seen as best suited for dealing with public interest-related lawsuits. Especially in the field of environmental law, NGOs seeking to promote broader environmental interests regularly initiate judicial procedures before administrative courts in order to challenge land-use plans, environmental permits and other types of public orders that may have adverse impacts on local natural habitats and/or the environment more generally. However, over the past five years a number of developments have resulted in a more restricted access to administrative courts for environmental NGOs. It has been suggested that these developments may result in an increased reliance on public interest-related procedures before civil courts. This raises the question of what position public interest-related claims, like those against Shell for oil pollution in the Niger Delta and those against the Dutch government for its alleged failure to implement adequate climate change policies, currently have within the Dutch system of civil procedure. It also raises the question whether environmental NGOs in practice do have the broad access to Dutch courts that is required by international obligations, and whether room for improvement should perhaps be sought in the civil law domain.

  8. Public Interest Litigation in the Netherlands
    A Multidimensional Take on the Promotion of Environmental Interests by Private Parties through the Courts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berthy van den Broek

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In the Netherlands, the administrative law system is traditionally seen as best suited for dealing with public interest-related lawsuits. Especially in the field of environmental law, NGOs seeking to promote broader environmental interests regularly initiate judicial procedures before administrative courts in order to challenge land-use plans, environmental permits and other types of public orders that may have adverse impacts on local natural habitats and/or the environment more generally. However, over the past five years a number of developments have resulted in a more restricted access to administrative courts for environmental NGOs. It has been suggested that these developments may result in an increased reliance on public interest-related procedures before civil courts. This raises the question of what position public interest-related claims, like those against Shell for oil pollution in the Niger Delta and those against the Dutch government for its alleged failure to implement adequate climate change policies, currently have within the Dutch system of civil procedure. It also raises the question whether environmental NGOs in practice do have the broad access to Dutch courts that is required by international obligations, and whether room for improvement should perhaps be sought in the civil law domain.

  9. The right of servitude between public interest and undisturbed use of private property

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petovar Ksenija

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available For obtaining the land in order to build the magistral pipeline a specific form of land expropriation is applied, namely the Right of servitude. The Right of servitude can be realized on the basis of established public interest, which can be defined according to the spatial plan of the relevant area. The Right of servitude is analyzed from the point of its influence on the respect of basic human rights of property owners to enjoy their property in safety and without disturbance. Current legal framework in Serbia that regulates procedures for acquiring land for the purpose of public interest allows for breach of private property rights. There is a mutual inconsistency between a number of decrees that regulate property rights for large infrastructural development projects. A specific, and possibly a greater problem, is the status of the local population, the land owner and other real estate. It concerns their awareness of their private and individual rights, as well as technical and other legal standards, which must be applied during the preparation, construction and working stages of an energy facility. Applying the Right of servitude as a way to acquire land for construction of the Pipeline, there is direct breach of the basic human right as stated in the first Protocol of the European Convention on Human Rights, namely that ‘every natural or legal person is entitled to the peaceful enjoyment of his possessions’ (Article 1, Protocol 1. The Right of servitude allows the investor to use ‘public interest’ as a way of gaining access to another’s land, and under better financial conditions than if he were to apply permanent expropriation. While the owner retains his/her ownership of the land, inconvenienced by numerous limitations of its use, usability and market value of the land becomes substantially reduced.

  10. YouTube videos of 'research in action' foster diverse public interest in science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael A. Gil

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Globally, scientific enterprises seek to diversify interest and participation in STEM fields, to both provide equitable opportunities and to push research forward. However, diversity in STEM remains low in many institutions. Internet-based video has emerged as a dominant communication medium that scientists can use to communicate the motivations, process, and products of their work to a diverse, mass audience. Here I describe my use of internet-based video about my research and career as a marine biologist as a tool to inspire broad public interest in science. With my YouTube videos, I have reached a diverse and growing global viewership, amassing >10,000 hours of watch time at the time of this writing. Viewer surveys revealed that my videos have improved individual perceptions about science and science careers, particularly among women and minority groups. I conclude that the emergence of internet-based video as a dominant, ever-expanding communication medium provides an unprecedented but largely untapped opportunity for scientists to broadly communicate their research and to inspire diverse interest in STEM careers.

  11. The Pacific Northwest's Climate Impacts Group: Climate Science in the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mantua, N.; Snover, A.

    2006-12-01

    Since its inception in 1995, the University of Washington's Climate Impacts Group (CIG) (funded under NOAA's Regional Integrated Science and Assessments (RISA) Program) has become the leader in exploring the impacts of climate variability and climate change on natural and human systems in the U.S. Pacific Northwest (PNW), specifically climate impacts on water, forest, fish and coastal resource systems. The CIG's research provides PNW planners, decision makers, resource managers, local media, and the general public with valuable knowledge of ways in which the region's key natural resources are vulnerable to changes in climate, and how this vulnerability can be reduced. The CIG engages in climate science in the public interest, conducting original research on the causes and consequences of climate variability and change for the PNW and developing forecasts and decision support tools to support the use of this information in federal, state, local, tribal, and private sector resource management decisions. The CIG's focus on the intersection of climate science and public policy has placed the CIG nationally at the forefront of regional climate impacts assessment and integrated analysis.

  12. Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in the Public Interest: Beatrice A. Wright.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Gold Medal Awards recognize distinguished and enduring records of accomplishment in 4 areas of psychology. The 2016 recipient of Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in the Public Interest is Beatrice A. Wright. Dorothy W. Cantor, president of the APF, will present the APF Gold Medal Awards at the 124th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on August 5, 2016, at 4:00 p.m. Members of the 2016 APF Board of Trustees are: Dorothy W. Cantor, president; David H. Barlow, vice president; Melba J. T. Vasquez, secretary; Richard C. McCarty, treasurer; Elisabeth R. Straus, executive vice president/executive director; Cynthia Belar; Camilla Benbow; Rosie Phillips Bingham; Connie S. Chan; Anthony Jackson; Terence M. Keane; Archie L. Turner; W. Bruce Walsh; and Bonnie Markham and Rick McGraw, APA Board of Directors liaisons. (PsycINFO Database Record

  13. Simian virus 40, poliovirus vaccines, and human cancer: research progress versus media and public interests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butel, J. S.

    2000-01-01

    From 1955 through early 1963, millions of people were inadvertently exposed to simian virus 40 (SV40) as a contaminant of poliovirus vaccines; the virus had been present in the monkey kidney cultures used to prepare the vaccines and had escaped detection. SV40 was discovered in 1960 and subsequently eliminated from poliovirus vaccines. This article reviews current knowledge about SV40 and considers public responses to reports in the media. SV40 is a potent tumour virus with broad tissue tropism that induces tumours in rodents and transforms cultured cells from many species. It is also an important laboratory model for basic studies of molecular processes in eukaryotic cells and mechanisms of neoplastic transformation. SV40 neutralizing antibodies have been detected in individuals not exposed to contaminated poliovirus vaccines. There have been many reports of detection of SV40 DNA in human tumours, especially mesotheliomas, brain tumours and osteosarcomas; and DNA sequence analyses have ruled out the possibility that the viral DNA in tumours was due to laboratory contamination or that the virus had been misidentified. However, additional studies are necessary to prove that SV40 is the cause of certain human cancers. A recently published review article evaluated the status of the field and received much media attention. The public response emphasized that there is great interest in the possibility of health risks today from vaccinations received in the past.

  14. Incidence of bacteria of public health interest carried by cockroaches in different food-related environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, F; Notario, M J; Cabanás, J M; Jordano, R; Medina, L M

    2012-11-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of bacteria of public health interest transmitted by cockroaches in different food-related environments. From April to November, cockroaches were trapped in 11 buildings in different urban areas of Western Andalusia (Spain): three hotels, four grocery stores, a catering establishment, a food-industry plant, a health center, and a care home. The presence of a number of bacterial species, including Salmonella, in these food-related environments was confirmed; these species included microorganisms listed in European Union regulations, such as Salmonella spp., Enterobacter sakazakii (Cronobacter spp.), and Escherichia coli. A wide variety of species were isolated, some belonging to different genera that have a significant impact on public health and hygiene, such as Enterobacter and Klebsiella. To ensure adequate elimination of these microorganisms in food-related environments, the control of vectors such as Blattella germanica, Periplaneta americana, and Blatta orientalis, together with a thorough review of hygiene strategies, appears to be fundamental. It is clearly essential to compare the results of hygiene regulations implemented in food-related environments.

  15. 41 CFR 105-60.305-13 - Waiver of fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Waiver of fee. 105-60.305-13 Section 105-60.305-13 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... Administration 60-PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF AGENCY RECORDS AND INFORMATIONAL MATERIALS 60.3-Availability of...

  16. 45 CFR 95.623 - Waiver of prior approval requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Waiver of prior approval requirements. 95.623 Section 95.623 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATION-GRANT PROGRAMS (PUBLIC ASSISTANCE, MEDICAL ASSISTANCE AND STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE...

  17. The national public's values and interests related to the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: A computer content analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    David N. Bengston; David P. Fan; Roger. Kaye

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the national public's values and interests related to the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Computer content analysis was used to analyze more than 23,000 media stories about the refuge from 1995 through 2007. Ten main categories of Arctic National Wildlife Refuge values and interests emerged from the analysis, reflecting a diversity of values,...

  18. Lawyers, Governance, and Globalization: the Diverging Paths of “Public Interest Law” across the Americas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio de Sa e Silva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, “public interest law” (PIL has become a frequent component in conversations about law and policy around the globe. While this worldwide manifestation of a professional and political script that thus far seemed to be typically so American suggests a remarkable process of diffusion, its mechanics and significance are yet to be examined more deeply and systematically. The available account contends that this process has been one of “convergence” and “adaptation”. Yet, there are good empirical and theoretical reasons to subject this account to further examination. Drawing from a comparative and international empirical research on the everyday lives of “public interest lawyers” in the United States and Latin America, this article stresses significant differences in the ways US and LA lawyers have structured “public interest law” – thus challenging the idea of convergence –, while also unveiling factors in the rich histories of professional and political development in the studied contexts, which initially account for such differentiation. These findings call for further research, but already speak to a variety of theories about institutional development in times of globalization, such as theories of institutional isomorphism and field constitution. En los últimos años, el “derecho de interés público” (DIP se ha convertido en un componente frecuente en las conversaciones sobre derecho y política a lo largo y ancho del globo. Mientras que esta manifestación a nivel mundial de un discurso profesional y político que hasta ahora parecía ser típicamente americano sugiere un notable proceso de difusión, sus mecanismos y significado todavía se deben examinar más profunda y sistemáticamente. La teoría disponible sostiene que este proceso ha sido de “convergencia” y “adaptación”. Sin embargo, hay buenas razones empíricas y teóricas para someter esta afirmación a un examen más profundo. A

  19. 45 CFR 50.5 - Waivers for the delivery of health care service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Waivers for the delivery of health care service... for the delivery of health care service. In determining whether to request a waiver for an Exchange... the delivery of health care service: (a) The Exchange Visitor must submit a statement that he or...

  20. 42 CFR 488.56 - Temporary waivers applicable to skilled nursing facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Temporary waivers applicable to skilled nursing... PROCEDURES Special Requirements § 488.56 Temporary waivers applicable to skilled nursing facilities. (a... skilled nursing facility to engage the services of a registered nurse more than 40 hours a week,...

  1. 78 FR 52998 - Waiver to Space Exploration Technologies Corporation of Acceptable Risk Limit for Launch

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-27

    ... TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Waiver to Space Exploration Technologies Corporation of Acceptable...) by Space Exploration Technologies Corporation (SpaceX) to waive a limit that the risk to the public... questions concerning this waiver, contact Charles P. Brinkman, Licensing Program Lead, Commercial...

  2. Options for Using Military Waiver Information in Personnel Security Clearance Investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    psychoactives , or in-DEP use other than marijuana or steroids - waivers faxed and emailed to MCD CO. Approved waivers forwarded to the Commanding...without owner’s consent Willfully discharging firearm to endanger life; shooting in public place Wrongful use of chemical substances APPENDIX B

  3. Who owns what? Private ownership and the public interest in recombinant DNA technology in the 1970s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Doogab

    2011-09-01

    This essay analyzes how academic institutions, government agencies, and the nascent biotech industry contested the legal ownership of recombinant DNA technology in the name of the public interest. It reconstructs the way a small but influential group of government officials and university research administrators introduced a new framework for the commercialization of academic research in the context of a national debate over scientific research's contributions to American economic prosperity and public health. They claimed that private ownership of inventions arising from public support would provide a powerful means to liberate biomedical discoveries for public benefit. This articulation of the causal link between private ownership and the public interest, it is argued, justified a new set of expectations about the use of research results arising from government or public support, in which commercialization became a new public obligation for academic researchers. By highlighting the broader economic and legal shifts that prompted the reconfiguration of the ownership of public knowledge in late twentieth-century American capitalism, the essay examines the threads of policy-informed legal ideas that came together to affirm private ownership of biomedical knowledge as germane to the public interest in the coming of age of biotechnology and genetic medicine.

  4. On the Principles for Determining the Public Interest%论公共利益的认定原则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高志宏

    2012-01-01

    Public interest belongs to the legal revered matters, and the first policy of identifying public interest is to identify legally. In China, we need a law to clarify the scope and boundaries of public interest to identify law enforcement and justice. The principle of legitimacy is a reasonable standard of public interest. Public interest should be carried out within a reasonable range. The public interest can sacrifice personal interests in case of the lack of other alternative. The identification process of public interest is a process of value determination, and the public interest is relatively long--term interest and vital interest. When achieving public interest requires restriction or sacrifice, the restriction or sacrifice should be limited to a minimum in line with the principle of proportionality. If pursuing public interest damages the personal interests, they should be given full and fair compensation. Definition and identification of public interest should be processed in an open, fair and equitable procedure on basis of the rule of law to ensure that the public interest is in line with the requirements of most people.%公共利益属于法律保留事项,依法认定是公共利益认定的首要原则,我国需要通过立法进一步明确公共利益的范围和边界,以明确执法和司法。正当性原则是公共利益的合理性标准,公共利益应当在合理的范围内进行,公共利益只能在没有其他备选替代方案时才能牺牲个人利益。公共利益的认定是一个价值判断过程,公共利益是相对的长远利益和重大利益。当公共利益的实现需要其他利益作出限制或牺牲时,应当把这种限制或牺牲限制在最小范围,符合比例原则。如果追求公共利益时损害了个人利益,就应当给予充分的公平的补偿。公共利益的界定以及认定应当以公开、公平和公正的法治程序为基础,以确保公共利益符合大多数人的要求。

  5. When Opportunity Knocks Twice: Dual Living Kidney Donation, Autonomy and the Public Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Phillippa; Huxtable, Richard

    2016-02-01

    Living kidney transplantation offers the best treatment in terms of life-expectancy and quality of life for those with end-stage renal disease. The long-term risks of living donor nephrectomy, although real, are very small, with evidence of good medium-term outcomes. Who should be entitled to donate, and in which circumstances, is nevertheless a live question. We explore the ethical dimensions of a request by an individual to donate both of their kidneys during life: 'dual living kidney donation'. Our ethical analysis is tethered to a hypothetical case study in which a father asks to donate a kidney to each of his twin boys. We explore the autonomy of the protagonists, alongside different dimensions of the public interest, such as the need to protect not only the recipients, but also the donor and even the wider community. Whilst acknowledging objections to 'dual-donation', not least by reference to the harms that the donor might be expected to endure, we suggest there is a prima facie case for permitting this, provided that both donor and recipients are willing and that due attention is paid to such considerations as the autonomy and welfare of all parties, as well as to the wider ramifications of acting on such a request. We argue for broader interpretations of the concepts of autonomy and welfare, recognizing the importance of relationships and the relevance of more than merely physical well-being. Equipped with such a holistic assessment, we suggest there is a prima facie case for allowing 'dual living kidney donation'.

  6. Mapping fields of interest: A systematic literature review on public clients in construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eisma, P.R.; Volker, L.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To create an overview of scientific knowledge currently available on public clients in order to set up a research agenda for public commissioning in construction. Background: Public clients are important actors and change agents in the construction industry. While sharing characteristics w

  7. Mapping fields of interest: A systematic literature review on public clients in construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eisma, P.R.; Volker, L.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To create an overview of scientific knowledge currently available on public clients in order to set up a research agenda for public commissioning in construction. Background: Public clients are important actors and change agents in the construction industry. While sharing characteristics

  8. Mapping fields of interest: A systematic literature review on public clients in construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eisma, P.R.; Volker, L.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To create an overview of scientific knowledge currently available on public clients in order to set up a research agenda for public commissioning in construction. Background: Public clients are important actors and change agents in the construction industry. While sharing characteristics w

  9. Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest: José Toro-Alfonso.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    The APA Awards for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest recognize persons who have advanced psychology as a science and/or profession by a single extraordinary achievement or a lifetime of outstanding contributions in the public interest. The 2016 corecipient of the Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest is José Toro-Alfonso, who was posthumously given this award for his commitment to "issues of inequity, diversity, and to the alleviation of human suffering particularly among Latino/Latina and LGBTQ communities." He "pioneered HIV/AIDS-related services for youth, women, gay, and transgender populations," and Toro-Alfonso's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here. (PsycINFO Database Record

  10. Water Distribution in the Public Interest and the Human Right to Water: Swiss, South African and International Law Compared

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Rüegger

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The legal norms governing the distribution of water are integral to how access to water is determined. This paper analyses the idea that water should be used in the interest of the public from a legal point of view. Taking Swiss and South African law as examples it examines what the notion of 'public interest' actually means. A close look at the notion of 'water distribution in the public interest' reveals important insights: water distribution in the public interest balances a variety of different economic, ecological and social interests. In this process the human right to water is attributed the role as protective shield. Hence its effective implementation is crucial in order to safeguard water for basic human needs. After analysing how Swiss and South African water regimes are currently structured and the role of the public interest clause therein, the paper examines whether the human right to water as conceived in Swiss, South African and international law effectively ensures protection of domestic water users. The paper concludes that this is the case under some, but not all circumstances. Especially the interests of those users whose access to water is not yet sufficient do not always receive adequate legal protection by the respective legal orders. The paper concludes by stressing the necessity to evolve the concept of the human right to water to reach comprehensive protection of basic human needs. Consciousness of the social risks associated with using the human right to water as general placeholder for basic human needs despite its shortcomings will hopefully encourage efforts to establish substantive legal protection.

  11. 环境公益的司法救济%On Judicial Relief of Environmental Public Interest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨添翼; 徐信贵

    2012-01-01

    Protecting environmental public interest is the most important respect. At present in China, if environmental public interest is damaged, it depends on the relief from administrative organ. However, only administrative relief cannot protect environmental public interest, we also need judicial relief. There are two channels that are environmental civil public litigation and environmental administrative public litigation on judicial relief of environmental public interest, which have many same and different places on many aspects such as purpose of action, subject of action, burden of proof, result of action and so on. Comparing the same and different of them has active significant to build the system of environmental public interest litigation.%保护环境公益是环境保护最重要的方面.在目前的中国,环境公益受到损害主要依赖于行政机关的救济.然而,仅仅依赖行政救济不足以保护环境公益,我们还需要司法救济.环境公益的司法救济途径有二种,即环境民事公益诉讼和环境行政公益诉讼,二者在诉讼目的、诉讼主体、举证责任、诉讼效果等方面具有诸多的相同点和差异,比较它们的异同对于我国构建环境公益诉讼制度具有积极的指导意义.

  12. The Public Good vs. Commercial Interest: Research Scientists in Search of an Accommodation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Rose H. C.; Westwood, Robert

    2010-01-01

    The environment for scientific research in public organisations is undergoing radical change, particularly with commercialisation pressures and blurring of the distinction between public and private research. The commercialisation pressures are reflected in government policy frameworks and institutional contexts for scientific work which are…

  13. Propagandizing in the Interest of War: A Rhetorical Study of the Committee on Public Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollihan, Thomas A.

    The Committee on Public Information was created by President Woodrow Wilson in 1917 and charged with informing the public about the war in Europe. Under the leadership of newspaper publisher George Creel, the Committee undertook a vigorous campaign that included censorship of government press releases; the production of posters, films, and…

  14. The Public Good vs. Commercial Interest: Research Scientists in Search of an Accommodation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Rose H. C.; Westwood, Robert

    2010-01-01

    The environment for scientific research in public organisations is undergoing radical change, particularly with commercialisation pressures and blurring of the distinction between public and private research. The commercialisation pressures are reflected in government policy frameworks and institutional contexts for scientific work which are…

  15. Marketing Booze to Blacks. A Report from the Center for Science in the Public Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacker, George A.; And Others

    Beer, wine, and liquor manufacturers aggressively seek to maximize sales of their products to blacks, despite public health and safety problems associated with those products. Rather than act to protect the public from the over-promotion of alcohol, government has set few effective constraints on the sales stratagems of alcoholic beverage…

  16. Propagandizing in the Interest of War: A Rhetorical Study of the Committee on Public Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollihan, Thomas A.

    The Committee on Public Information was created by President Woodrow Wilson in 1917 and charged with informing the public about the war in Europe. Under the leadership of newspaper publisher George Creel, the Committee undertook a vigorous campaign that included censorship of government press releases; the production of posters, films, and…

  17. Self-Interest and Scholarly Publication: The Dilemma of Researchers, Reviewers, and Editors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calabrese, Raymond L.; Roberts, Brian

    2004-01-01

    Academic misconduct in research is of growing concern to funding agencies, scholars, and academic journal editors. Scholarly publication has ethical implications researchers, reviewers, and journal editors. The theoretical background of the ethics of scholarly publication is explored as well as the use of a case study of an untenured researcher…

  18. 我国公立医院公益性的SWOT分析及对策%SWOT analysis and countermeasure of public interests in the public hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈星; 李游江

    2015-01-01

    根据我国深化医药卫生体制改革的精神,结合当前的实际情况,综合分析我国公立医院坚持公益性的优势、劣势、机遇和威胁,应用SWOT组合策略分析原理提出促进我国公立医院实践公益性质的发展策略和政策建议,为坚持并维护我国公立医院的公益性质提供参考和决策依据。%Based on the current situation of China’s health care reform, this paper gives a comprehensive analysis on keeping public interests in the public hospitals with its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) . This SWOT strategy combination analysis would provide the public hospitals with developmental strategies and policy recommendations in practicing public interests, as well as to provide policy making evidences to sustaining the public interests in the public hospitals.

  19. Interest Groups Vie for Public Support: The Battle Over Anti-Affirmative Action Initiatives in California and Michigan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinz, Serena E.

    2016-01-01

    Although affirmative action in college admissions has not been declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, the consideration of race in admissions has been banned in nine states--in six of them by public vote. This article analyzes the campaigns to ban affirmative action in California and Michigan as a battle between interest groups. The…

  20. 75 FR 13646 - Public Meeting With Interested Persons To Discuss the Proposed AC 20-42D, Hand Fire Extinguishers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Public Meeting With Interested Persons To Discuss the Proposed AC 20-42D... received regarding proposed advisory circular (AC) 20-42D, Hand Fire Extinguishers for use in Aircraft... (IASFPWG) to draft a revision to the current AC 20-42C, issued on March 1984, by incorporating...

  1. [The contracting process and outsourcing in health: the scenario for dispute between public and private interests].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albuquerque, Maria do Socorro Veloso; Morais, Heloísa Maria Mendonça de; Lima, Luci Praciano

    2015-06-01

    This research analyzed the public-private composition in the municipal health network and aspects of the contracting/outsourcing process for services over the period from 2001 to 2008. The research method used was a case study with documentary research and interviews. The interviewees were former secretaries of health, directors of regulation and district managers. The categories of analysis used were public funds, care networks and public control. The results showed that the contracting was restricted to philanthropic units. With respect to the other private establishments linked to the public care network, non-compliance with programmatic aspects was detected, such as the lack of regulation of bidding processes required for contracting. Management authorities did not actively pursue building up state public services, or the formation of care networks. The contracted establishments conducted their activities without effective external and internal control mechanisms, which are paramount for the proper use of public resources. The authors conclude that the contracting process does not significantly alter the standard of buying and selling of services and indeed does not enhance the empowering process of the role of the public domain.

  2. Public Interest in Medical Research Participation: Does It Matter if Patients or Community Members Have Helped Design the Study?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cobb, Enesha M; Gebremariam, Achamyeleh; Singer, Dianne; Davis, Matthew M

    2015-10-01

    We determined national levels of public participation in medical research study design. We compared public interest in medical research participation (MRP) in studies overall, versus studies explicitly designed with public involvement. Cross-sectional household survey of US population in June 2013. Descriptive statistics estimated participation in medical research study design. Chi-square test compared levels of interest in MRP if respondent knew patients or community members helped design the study. Of 2,048 respondents (participation rate 60%), 5% knew someone who had helped design a medical research study. There was no association between having known someone or personal participation in study design and willingness to engage in MRP. Although the overall proportion of respondents who would consider MRP initially (51%) was similar to the proportion who would consider MRP with community member involvement in study design (49%), the changes in respondents' views across the different scenarios were significantly greater than what would have been expected by chance. We found similar levels of interest in MRP whether or not the public is involved in medical research study design. This finding may indicate that public involvement in study design, like community-based participatory research, may not affect overall rates of MRP. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. 76 FR 60080 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-28

    ... Apple Inc. of CA. The complainant, proposed respondents, other interested parties, and members of the... behalf of VIA Technologies Inc., IP-First, LLC and Centaur Technology on September 22, 2011....

  4. On the Public Interest of Environmental Protection Law%论环境法中的公共利益

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋烁

    2015-01-01

    More and more social events in relation to the public interest, which influences the daily life deeply, the most obvious one is the environmental infringement. This kind of behavior has particularity, correspondingly, the"public" factors should be put in the whole process of Legislative, administrative and judicial, when handle such cases involving the public interest.%越来越多的社会事件面向公众, 关涉公共利益, 影响面甚广, 其中以环境领域的侵权事件最为直观明显. 这类行为具有特殊性, 相应地也决定了在处理这类涉及公共利益的案件时,立法、 行政、 司法的全程都应增加"公" 因素的考量.

  5. Dilemmas of balancing organizational and public interests: how environment affects strategy in Dutch main ports

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolk, A.; van der Veen, M.L.

    2002-01-01

    Corporate social responsibility implies more attention to company relationships with governments and other stakeholders. The need for intensive interaction is most conspicuous when company activities come close to the provision of (former) public goods, which also have strong environmental and

  6. Stimulating Public Interest in Lunar Exploration and Enhancing Science Literacy Through Library Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shipp, S.; Nelson, B.; Stockman, S.; Weir, H.; Carter, B.; Bleacher, L.

    2008-07-01

    Libraries are vibrant learning places, seeking partners in science programming. LPI's Explore! program offers a model for public engagement in lunar exploration in libraries, as shown by materials created collaboratively with the LRO E/PO team.

  7. Philosophy in the Public Interest: An Interview with Martha C. Nussbaum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Margaret A.

    2002-01-01

    Presents a wide-ranging interview with one of America's most prominent philosophers, whose reputation is due not only to her productivity, but to her willingness to speak to broad audiences on topics of public importance. (EV)

  8. 78 FR 23823 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel FISHIN GAME; Invitation for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ... TRANSPORTATION Maritime Administration Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel FISHIN GAME; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration, Department of Transportation... the applicant the intended service of the vessel FISHIN GAME is: Intended Commercial Use Of...

  9. THE MODERN THEORETICAL APPROACHES IN THE ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS: FROM INTEREST GROUPS TO CORPORATE CITIZENSHIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Votchenko, E.S.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This scientific article touches a vital topic of contemporary relations between business and government - public-private partnerships (PPP in the system of public discourse. The article discusses the various modern theoretical approaches to the study of the social aspects of interaction between business and government in modern political science. The author considers the concept and models of foreign public-private partnerships, social investments and corporate citizenship. In the end, the author makes an interesting conclusion that in the modern scientific community is formed and becomes stable a new institutional paradigm of PPP – practice of corporate citizenship. Corporate social responsibility in the narrow sense of the definition goes beyond charity and philanthropy, and today it is expressed in a broad sense - as corporate citizenship, which implies mutual responsibility of business and government to the public.

  10. Moving upstream: why rehabilitative justice in military discharge proceedings serves a public health interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seamone, Evan R; McGuire, James; Sreenivasan, Shoba; Clark, Sean; Smee, Daniel; Dow, Daniel

    2014-10-01

    The cultural divide between US military and civilian institutions amplifies the consequences of military discharge status on public health and criminal justice systems in a manner that is invisible to a larger society. Prompt removal of problematic wounded warriors through retributive justice is more expedient than lengthy mental health treatment. Administrative and punitive discharges usually preclude Department of Veterans Affairs eligibility, posing a heavy public health burden. Moving upstream--through military rehabilitative justice addressing military offenders' mental health needs before discharge--will reduce the downstream consequences of civilian maladjustment and intergenerational transmission of mental illness. The public health community can play an illuminating role by gathering data about community effect and by advocating for policy change at Department of Veterans Affairs and community levels.

  11. Interest Groups and Governmental Institutions: The Politics of State Funding of Public Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tandberg, David

    2010-01-01

    In attempting to explain state support of public higher education, this study develops a theory-driven, comprehensive conceptualization of the state political system within a larger theoretical framework that consists of state economic and demographic factors and higher education system attributes. Furthermore, although the higher education policy…

  12. 76 FR 45293 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-28

    ... Arco of FL; CRU Acquisitions Group LLC of WA; CRU-Data Port LLC of WA; Digital Intelligence, Inc. of WI... investigation would negatively affect the public health and welfare in the United States, competitive conditions in the United States economy, the production of like or directly competitive articles in the...

  13. 77 FR 65169 - Extension of Certain Timber Sale Contracts; Finding of Substantial Overriding Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-25

    ... increases competition for National Forest System timber sales, results in higher prices paid for such timber... hazardous fuels. On June 1, 2012, there were 98 National Forest System timber sales under contract in... Forest Service Extension of Certain Timber Sale Contracts; Finding of Substantial Overriding Public...

  14. Data ideologies of an interested public: A study of grassroots open government data intermediaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Schrock

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Government officials claim open data can improve internal and external communication and collaboration. These promises hinge on “data intermediaries”: extra-institutional actors that obtain, use, and translate data for the public. However, we know little about why these individuals might regard open data as a site of civic participation. In response, we draw on Ilana Gershon to conceptualize culturally situated and socially constructed perspectives on data, or “data ideologies.” This study employs mixed methodologies to examine why members of the public hold particular data ideologies and how they vary. In late 2015 the authors engaged the public through a commission in a diverse city of approximately 500,000. Qualitative data was collected from three public focus groups with residents. Simultaneously, we obtained quantitative data from surveys. Participants’ data ideologies varied based on how they perceived data to be useful for collaboration, tasks, and translations. Bucking the “geek” stereotype, only a minority of those surveyed (20% were professional software developers or engineers. Although only a nascent movement, we argue open data intermediaries have important roles to play in a new political landscape.

  15. 75 FR 80842 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-23

    ... Cigarette Paper Wrappers and Products Containing Same, DN 2774; the Commission is soliciting comments on any..., telephone (202) 205-2000. The public version of the complaint can be accessed on the Commission's electronic... for this investigation may be viewed on the Commission's electronic docket (EDIS) at...

  16. Unions and the Public Interest: Is Collective Bargaining for Teachers Good for Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahlenberg, Richard D.; Greene, Jay P.

    2012-01-01

    Three years after Barack Obama's election signaled a seeming resurgence for America's unions, the landscape looks very different. Republican governors in Wisconsin, Indiana, and Ohio have limited the reach of collective bargaining for public employees. The moves, especially in Wisconsin, set off a national furor that has all but obscured the…

  17. Selected Publications on Teenagers and Alcohol. Grouped Interest Guide No. 8-2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (DHEW/PHS), Rockville, MD.

    This brief bibliography is part of a series produced by the Current Awareness Services of the National Clearinghouse for Alcohol Information, and informational service of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. The publications provide readers with regularly codified bibliographic references to recent, topical literature in…

  18. 76 FR 45850 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ... Program Guide and Parental Controls Technology, DN 2836; the Commission is soliciting comments on any... interactive program guide and parental controls technology. The complaint names as respondents Sharp... available for public inspection at the Office of the Secretary. This action is taken under the authority of...

  19. The Public Interest in the Globally Sustainable Information Society: The Traditional Knowledge Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zografos, Daphne

    2006-01-01

    Society increasingly perceives information as an owned commodity. As a consequence, laws born from this conception are removing uses of information from the public domain and placing them in an enclosed domain where they are subject to an owner's exclusive control. It has been argued that this enclosure movement poses a threat to the diversity of…

  20. Publications from clinical trials: process, conflict of interest and the evidence base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binns, Colin W; Low, Wah Yun

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to review the issues of publication of clinical trials with consideration of ethics and the incomplete evidence base. We review clinical trials and issues of communications and ethics. Several case studies of notable public health researchers will be discussed. Many of the major breakthroughs of public health practice, including the works of John Snow would not have been published under modern guidelines for scientific communication. The research-publication system of modern health care poses many challenges for editors. Journal editors need to include a balance of different types of studies where insufficient randomised controlled trials are available. Clinical trials are a reliable source of evidence for health care practitioners. Journals need to uphold the integrity of the information provided by randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and synthesise and communicate health information. At the same time, editors must assess non-RCT evidence and be vigilant for many of the other potential problems in health and medical communication. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. 76 FR 39121 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-05

    ... Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data, and Tablet Computers, DN 2824; the Commission is... communication devices, portable music and data processing devices, and tablet computers. The complaint names as.../or a cease and desist order in this investigation would negatively affect the public health...

  2. 75 FR 62565 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-12

    ..., Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers and Components Thereof, DN 2759; the Commission is... importation of certain wireless communication devices, portable music and data processing devices, computers... investigation would negatively affect the public health and welfare in the United States, competitive...

  3. 42 CFR 418.66 - Condition of participation: Nursing services-Waiver of requirement that substantially all nursing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Condition of participation: Nursing services-Waiver of requirement that substantially all nursing services be routinely provided directly by a hospice... Services § 418.66 Condition of participation: Nursing services—Waiver of requirement that substantially...

  4. 78 FR 48766 - Petition for Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477). Robert C. Lauby, Deputy Associate Administrator for Regulatory..., with two modifications, of a previously granted waiver of compliance from certain provisions of the....m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. Interested parties are invited...

  5. Has the American Public's Interest in Information Related to Relationships Beyond "The Couple" Increased Over Time?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moors, Amy C

    2017-01-01

    Finding romance, love, and sexual intimacy is a central part of our life experience. Although people engage in romance in a variety of ways, alternatives to "the couple" are largely overlooked in relationship research. Scholars and the media have recently argued that the rules of romance are changing, suggesting that interest in consensual departures from monogamy may become popular as people navigate their long-term coupling. This study utilizes Google Trends to assess Americans' interest in seeking out information related to consensual nonmonogamous relationships across a 10-year period (2006-2015). Using anonymous Web queries from hundreds of thousands of Google search engine users, results show that searches for words related to polyamory and open relationships (but not swinging) have significantly increased over time. Moreover, the magnitude of the correlation between consensual nonmonogamy Web queries and time was significantly higher than popular Web queries over the same time period, indicating this pattern of increased interest in polyamory and open relationships is unique. Future research avenues for incorporating consensual nonmonogamous relationships into relationship science are discussed.

  6. California Energy Commission Public Interest EnergyResearch/Energy System Integration -- Transmission-Planning Research&Development Scoping Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard; Widergren, Steven

    2004-07-01

    The objective of this Public Interest Energy Research (PIER)scoping project is to identify options for public-interest research and development (R&D) to improve transmission-planning tools, techniques, and methods. The information presented was gathered through a review of current California utility, California Independent System Operator (ISO), and related western states electricity transmission-planning activities and emerging needs. This report presents the project teams findings organized under six topic areas and identifies 17 distinct R&D activities to improve transmission-planning in California and the West. The findings in this report are intended for use, along with other materials, by PIER staff, to facilitate discussions with stakeholders that will ultimately lead to development of a portfolio of transmission-planning R&D activities for the PIER program.

  7. Danish newspapers’ coverage of conflict they are part of: self-serving or serving the public interest?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kammer, Aske

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents the preliminary results of a frame analysis of newspaper coverage of an issue that the newspapers themselves have interests vested in, asking to what extent news workers select framings in accordance with particular, self-serving rather than public interest. The paper examines...... Danish newspapers’ coverage of the conflict between the state-owned public service broadcaster DR and the newspapers, which are privately owned. The conflict concerns whether the state-owned actor distorts the media market and competes with private actors on an unfair basis at a time where the news...... for the study consists of the 94 news articles and opinion pieces that represent seven national Danish newspapers’ coverage entire of the issue in 2014 and 2015. The seven newspapers (B.T., Berlingske, Børsen, Information, Jyllands-Posten, Kristeligt Dagblad, and Politiken) span the national variations...

  8. Edward A. Delgado-Romero: Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Presents Edward A. Delgado-Romero, the 2011 winner of the American Psychological Association Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest. "Societies, professions, and individual citizens are enriched by the contributions of those who care. Edward A. Delgado-Romero has demonstrated through his scholarship, leadership in psychological associations such as the National Latina/Latino Psychological Association, and collaborations with universities and school districts in Georgia that he cares and is committed to addressing challenges in the provision of culturally sensitive psychological services to benefit the public interest. His example of servant leadership leaves a legacy to other early career professionals and graduate students alike. Es un hijo honorado." (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).

  9. 49 CFR 37.153 - FTA waiver determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... DISABILITIES (ADA) Paratransit as a Complement to Fixed Route Service § 37.153 FTA waiver determination. (a... public entity to provide complementary paratransit to the extent it can do so without incurring an undue... appropriate to maximize the complementary paratransit service that is provided to ADA paratransit...

  10. 31 CFR 306.126 - Waiver of regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Waiver of regulations. 306.126 Section 306.126 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT GENERAL REGULATIONS GOVERNING...

  11. Analysis of the prosecution's filing public interest litigation%析检察机关提起公益诉讼

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关玉新; 杨红

    2009-01-01

    检察机关提起公益诉讼,是指检察机关以国家法律监督者的身份对涉及国家利益和社会利益而无人起诉的案件,向法院提起诉讼,要求法院依法判决有关违法行为无效,并追究有关当事人的法律责任的活动.我国虽尚未建立该项制度,但是域外的成功实践为我国构建检察机关提起公益诉讼制度提供了良好的借鉴,在我国建立检察机关提起公益诉讼制度存在必要性和可行性.%The prosecution's filing public interest litigation, refers to the activities that the prosecution as supervisor of the country law prosecute the case relating to national interests and the interests of the community and no one to prosecute to the courts, asking the court to sentence the offenses in accordance with the law null, and hold the legal responsibilities of the parties. Although China has not yet established the system, the foreign successful practice provides a good reference for prosecutors to bring public interest litigation system in China. It is necessary and feasible to establish the system of the prosecution' filing public interest litigation in China.

  12. Public goods and private interests: The role of voluntary green power demand in achieving environmental improvements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiser, Ryan Hayes

    This dissertation explores the role of consumer purchasing behavior in providing public, environmental goods. It does so by empirically evaluating one market---voluntary demand for renewable energy. The dissertation addresses the following five research questions: (1) What does early experience with green power marketing tell us about the prospects for this market to deliver environmental benefits? (2) What product design and marketing approaches might be used to increase voluntary demand? (3) What motivates non-residential customers to voluntarily purchase green power? (4) What role might public policy play in the creation of the green power market? (5) What preferences do individuals hold on the most appropriate forms of support for renewable energy? By helping to answer these questions, this dissertation seeks to better understand the gap between widespread positive attitudes for the environment and an often-anemic response to green product offerings. It contributes to not only the public goods and environmental marketing literatures, but also to contingent valuation methodology and to an emerging literature on the motivations of firms to contribute to environmental causes. The analysis performed is diverse, and includes: a literature review, a mail survey of green power marketers, a mail survey of non-residential green power customers, and contingent valuation and opinion surveys of U.S. residents. Detailed statistical analysis is performed on the data collected from the residential and non-residential surveys. The analysis reveals that customer participation in green power programs to date has been weak. The possibility that the traditional economic concept of "free riding" may explain this low response is raised, and the dissertation identifies a number of marketing approaches that might be used to partially combat this problem. Analysis of survey data shows that non-residential green power purchases have been motivated principally by altruistic concerns

  13. On Substantially Public Interest Relieving by the Environmental Public Interest Civil Litigation%论环境民事公益诉讼救济的实体公益

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    竺效

    2016-01-01

    生态损害是指人为的活动已经造成或者可能造成人类生存和发展所必须依赖的生态(或环境)发生物理、化学、生物性能的重大退化。2002年发生在我国的“塔斯曼海”油轮油污案的裁判结果已充分证明,生态损害是区别于传统环境侵权损害的一种独立存在,立法对生态损害预防和救济的不作为将会造成环境公共利益的重大损害。结合法理和欧盟有关法治实践经验分析可知,直接或潜在影响广大公众和未来世代子孙的环境公共利益之无主的或非私人所有(国家或公共机构所有)的环境要素、自然资源、生态系统的损害,才是环境民事公益诉讼所应救济的主要实体性公益。%“Ecological damage”refers to any existing and/or likely significant human-induced degrada-tion in the physical,chemical and/or ecological functions of any part of ecological or environmental systems,or on the whole consisting of those interacting parts,which are the foundations for human beingssurvival and development.The Judgment of the 2002 Tasman Sea Tanker oil pollution case has testified that the ecological damage is independent from the traditional environmental tort dam-age.Absent legislative prevention and remedy of ecological damage,the environmental public interests will be seriously infringed.The legal theories and relevant law practices in the European Union indicate that only the damage to the ownerless and/or non-private environmental elements,natural elements and ecological system,which directly or potentially affects the broad publics and future generationsenvironmental public interests,shall be the core substantive public interest remedied by environmental public interest litigation.

  14. Seeds and Sparks: Cultivating Children's Interest in Physics through Public Outreach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Jessica

    2006-11-01

    The National Academies' ``Rising above the Gathering Storm'' report names the improvement of K-12 science and mathematics education as its highest priority recommendation. This recommendation includes enlarging the pipeline of students preparing to study STEM subjects at university by increasing the number of students who take (and pass) advanced high school level science courses. To this end, the American Physical Society's Public Outreach department offers PhysicsQuest, a free program designed to engage middle school science students in a learning adventure. The core idea of the program is to provide a fun and exciting way for students to encounter physics, thereby eliminating some of the fear often associated with the subject and making them more likely to take high school physics courses. In the end, the students do learn some physics, but, more importantly, they have a fun experience with physics. This talk further describes the PhysicsQuest program, including feedback and results from the 2005 project, and also gives an overview of other K-12 programs offered by APS Public Outreach. The report can be read online at http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11463.html#toc. STEM = Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics

  15. Molecular detection assay of five Salmonella serotypes of public interest: Typhimurium, Enteritidis, Newport, Heidelberg, and Hadar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bugarel, M; Tudor, A; Loneragan, G H; Nightingale, K K

    2017-03-01

    Foodborne illnesses due to Salmonella represent an important public-health concern worldwide. In the United States, a majority of Salmonella infections are associated with a small number of serotypes. Furthermore, some serotypes that are overrepresented among human disease are also associated with multi-drug resistance phenotypes. Rapid detection of serotypes of public-health concern might help reduce the burden of salmonellosis cases and limit exposure to multi-drug resistant Salmonella. We developed a two-step real-time PCR-based rapid method for the identification and detection of five Salmonella serotypes that are either overrepresented in human disease or frequently associated with multi-drug resistance, including serotypes Enteritidis, Typhimurium, Newport, Hadar, and Heidelberg. Two sets of four markers were developed to detect and differentiate the five serotypes. The first set of markers was developed as a screening step to detect the five serotypes; whereas, the second set was used to further distinguish serotypes Heidelberg, Newport and Hadar. The utilization of these markers on a two-step investigation strategy provides a diagnostic specificity of 97% for the detection of Typhimurium, Enteritidis, Heidelberg, Infantis, Newport and Hadar. The diagnostic sensitivity of the detection makers is >96%. The availability of this two-step rapid method will facilitate specific detection of Salmonella serotypes that contribute to a significant proportion of human disease and carry antimicrobial resistance.

  16. [Environmental spread of Taenia proglottids: an atypical yet interesting public health problem in schools].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutto, M; Sapino, G; Giovanetti, F; Pellegrino, A

    2010-01-01

    We report herein a new case of teniasis caused by Taenia saginata (tapeworm) in a pediatric patient with done-on-purpose dispersion of proglottids happened in an elementary school inside the health district ASL CN-1. This new case highlights how teniasis in children is not as rare, as it is not so rare dispersal of proglottids in the environment, made on purpose, by the same subjects that have been parasitized. The environmental dispersion of proglottids is an important public health problem that requires a rapid and joint management of the problem aiming to identify the parasite as quickly as possible, given the different pathogenic larval stage of three species of tapeworm that can infest the man.

  17. Gram-positive bacterial resistant strains of interest in animal and public health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Antonio Pilegi Sfaciotte

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Among multiresistant Gram-positive microorganisms, stands out methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus (MRS, an opportunistic pathogen associated with hospital acquired and community infections reported in medicine and large increase in reports of veterinary medicine. In veterinary medicine, numerous reports regarding several species of animals have been described. MRS is intrinsically resistant to all ?-lactam drugs. In veterinary medicine, numerous reports regarding several species of animals have been described, but Staphylococcus aureus with intermediate resistance and resistant to vancomycin (VISA/VRSA has not yet been reported in veterinary medicine, still need further study. Staphylococcus spp. are also related to antimicrobial resistance of macrolides, lincosamides, and streptogramin B (MLSB group, that has the same mechanism of action, although the drugs belong to different classes. In veterinary medicine, clindamycin (lincosamide class is widely used for skin infections, wounds, bone infections, pneumonia, infections of the oral cavity, and infections caused by anaerobic bacteria, besides being used for treatments of MRS infections. Enterococcus is another resistant Gram-positive microorganism, from which vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VREs are the most important strains. There are several reports of VREs in veterinary medicine due the use of a similar antimicrobial (avoparcin in livestock; therefore this group of microorganisms has now acquired great prominence since vancomycin is considered as the last resort for the treatment of MRS and Enterococcus associated with nosocomial infections in humans. The biggest problem these microorganisms and their resistance mechanisms cause is related to its huge impact on public health due to the increasing close contact between animals and humans. The objective of this review was to identify the main Gram-positive microorganisms associated with animals, describing their mechanisms of action that

  18. Navigating digital publics for playful production: A cross-case analysis of two interest-driven online communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ksenia A. Korobkova

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that the set of skills and strategies associated with managing digital publics online represent an emergent literacy practice of importance to literacy researchers and educators. Drawing on two case studies of online communities popular with contemporary youth to learn, play, and socialize, we articulate how youth participants strategically negotiate multiple audiences online with varying levels of publicity in order to achieve learning outcomes. In one case, players of a popular production-centered video game share their content in ways that garner the specific kind of audience and feedback they need for their projects. In another, members of an online fan fiction community analyze and negotiate expectations of their audience in order to craft media that garners attention and sustains readership. Both examples identify how skills centered on navigating and managing publics – that is, multiple audiences that are permeable across a wider public online – constitute a recognizable and important “new literacy” in digitally mediated learning environments. We situate our empirical studies in sociocultural theories of learning and historicize the work in contemporary digital cultures and the general move from the writer-reader relationship to writer-audience relationships to more complex relationships within digital publics. The article ends with considerations for literacy researchers, policymakers, and practitioners interested in technology-mediated practices of today’s youth.

  19. Public interest in climate change over the past decade and the effects of the ‘climategate’ media event

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderegg, William R. L.; Goldsmith, Gregory R.

    2014-05-01

    Despite overwhelming scientific consensus concerning anthropogenic climate change, many in the non-expert public perceive climate change as debated and contentious. There is concern that two recent high-profile media events—the hacking of the University of East Anglia emails and the Himalayan glacier melt rate presented in the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change—may have altered public opinion of climate change. While survey data is valuable for tracking public perception and opinion over time, including in response to climate-related media events, emerging methods that facilitate rapid assessment of spatial and temporal patterns in public interest and opinion could be exceptionally valuable for understanding and responding to these events’ effects. We use a novel, freely-available dataset of worldwide web search term volumes to assess temporal patterns of interest in climate change over the past ten years, with a particular focus on looking at indicators of climate change skepticism around the high-profile media events. We find that both around the world and in the US, the public searches for the issue as ‘global warming,’ rather than ‘climate change,’ and that search volumes have been declining since a 2007 peak. We observe high, but transient spikes of search terms indicating skepticism around the two media events, but find no evidence of effects lasting more than a few months. Our results indicate that while such media events are visible in the short-term, they have little effect on salience of skeptical climate search terms on longer time-scales.

  20. The Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey: The First National Survey of State Health Agency Employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellers, Katie; Leider, Jonathon P; Harper, Elizabeth; Castrucci, Brian C; Bharthapudi, Kiran; Liss-Levinson, Rivka; Jarris, Paul E; Hunter, Edward L

    2015-01-01

    Public health practitioners, policy makers, and researchers alike have called for more data on individual worker's perceptions about workplace environment, job satisfaction, and training needs for a quarter of a century. The Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey (PH WINS) was created to answer that call. Characterize key components of the public health workforce, including demographics, workplace environment, perceptions about national trends, and perceived training needs. A nationally representative survey of central office employees at state health agencies (SHAs) was conducted in 2014. Approximately 25,000 e-mail invitations to a Web-based survey were sent out to public health staff in 37 states, based on a stratified sampling approach. Balanced repeated replication weights were used to account for the complex sampling design. A total of 10,246 permanently employed SHA central office employees participated in PH WINS (46% response rate). Perceptions about training needs; workplace environment and job satisfaction; national initiatives and trends; and demographics. Although the majority of staff said they were somewhat or very satisfied with their job (79%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 78-80), as well as their organization (65%; 95% CI, 64-66), more than 42% (95% CI, 41-43) were considering leaving their organization in the next year or retiring before 2020; 4% of those were considering leaving for another job elsewhere in governmental public health. The majority of public health staff at SHA central offices are female (72%; 95% CI, 71-73), non-Hispanic white (70%; 95% CI, 69-71), and older than 40 years (73%; 95% CI, 72-74). The greatest training needs include influencing policy development, preparing a budget, and training related to the social determinants of health. PH WINS represents the first nationally representative survey of SHA employees. It holds significant potential to help answer previously unaddressed questions in public health

  1. The Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey: The First National Survey of State Health Agency Employees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellers, Katie; Leider, Jonathon P.; Harper, Elizabeth; Castrucci, Brian C.; Bharthapudi, Kiran; Liss-Levinson, Rivka; Jarris, Paul E.; Hunter, Edward L.

    2015-01-01

    Context: Public health practitioners, policy makers, and researchers alike have called for more data on individual worker's perceptions about workplace environment, job satisfaction, and training needs for a quarter of a century. The Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey (PH WINS) was created to answer that call. Objective: Characterize key components of the public health workforce, including demographics, workplace environment, perceptions about national trends, and perceived training needs. Design: A nationally representative survey of central office employees at state health agencies (SHAs) was conducted in 2014. Approximately 25 000 e-mail invitations to a Web-based survey were sent out to public health staff in 37 states, based on a stratified sampling approach. Balanced repeated replication weights were used to account for the complex sampling design. Setting and Participants: A total of 10 246 permanently employed SHA central office employees participated in PH WINS (46% response rate). Main Outcome Measures: Perceptions about training needs; workplace environment and job satisfaction; national initiatives and trends; and demographics. Results: Although the majority of staff said they were somewhat or very satisfied with their job (79%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 78-80), as well as their organization (65%; 95% CI, 64-66), more than 42% (95% CI, 41-43) were considering leaving their organization in the next year or retiring before 2020; 4% of those were considering leaving for another job elsewhere in governmental public health. The majority of public health staff at SHA central offices are female (72%; 95% CI, 71-73), non-Hispanic white (70%; 95% CI, 69-71), and older than 40 years (73%; 95% CI, 72-74). The greatest training needs include influencing policy development, preparing a budget, and training related to the social determinants of health. Conclusions: PH WINS represents the first nationally representative survey of SHA employees. It

  2. Should childhood MMR vaccination be compulsory? Rights, duties and the public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheather, Julian

    2013-06-01

    When children and young people lack the capacity to make decisions about their care and treatment, decisions have to be made on their behalf based on an assessment of their welfare or interests. In law, parents, or others with the relevant parental responsibility, are ordinarily regarded as the appropriate decision-makers. One way of framing this is to say that parents have certain decision-making rights with respect to their children. Such rights, however, are not generally regarded as absolute, rather they can be seen as secondary to and limited by the duties that parents have with regard to their children, duties to promote their welfare. It is against these parental duties that children could, at least in theory if not in practice, claim a right to certain kinds of protection. The legal rights of parents here, as opposed to the rights of the children, can be thought of as rights that secure for parents the freedom from interference necessary to fulfill the underlying duty.

  3. Pharmaceutical marketing practices: balancing public health and law enforcement interests; moving beyond regulation-through-litigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zalesky, Christopher D

    2006-01-01

    Fraudulent or abusive sales and marketing practices by pharmaceutical companies can result in costly overutilization of products that are increasingly paid for by government healthcare programs and may result in adverse health and safety consequences to the patient-beneficiaries of those programs. Federal enforcement efforts in this area are largely modeled on those used to combat white-collar crime, with cases taking years to reach conclusion. This approach overlooks the impact on patients who receive unnecessary care or are denied access to appropriate care during the course of the investigation. Many states are beginning to regulate certain pharmaceutical sales and marketing practices, but state-by-state regulation ignores the importance of a uniform federal regulatory and enforcement approach in an area already occupied by federal law. This Article explores current federal and state efforts to limit overutilization, fraud, and abuse in the sale and marketing of prescription drugs, and illustrates the merits of an expanded role for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to regulate pharmaceutical sales and marketing practices. This approach borrows lessons learned from the FDA's efficient and effective regulatory and enforcement methods and maintains a careful balance between the interests of patient-beneficiaries, the government and industry.

  4. Physician-industry conflict of interest: public opinion regarding industry-sponsored research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Charles G; DiPaola, Christian P; Noonan, Vanessa K; Bailey, Christopher; Dvorak, Marcel F S

    2012-07-01

    The nature of physician-industry conflict of interest (COI) has become a source of considerable concern, but is often not discussed in the research setting. With reduced funding available from government and nonprofit sources, industry support has enthusiastically grown, but along with this comes the potential for COI that must be regulated. In this era of shared decision making in health care, society must have input into this regulation. The purpose of this study was to assess the opinions of a North American population sample on COI regarding industry-funded research and to analyze population subgroups for trends. A survey was developed for face and content validity, underwent focus group evaluation for clarity and bias reduction, and was administered via the World Wide Web. Demographic and general survey results were summarized as a percentage for each answer, and subgroup analysis was done using logistic regression. Generalizability of the sample to the US population was also assessed. Of 541 surveys, 40 were excluded due to missing information, leaving 501 surveys for analysis. The sample population was composed of more females, was older, and was more educated than a representative cross-section of the American population. Respondents support multidisciplinary surgeon-industry COI regulation and trust doctors and their professional societies the most to head this effort. Respondents trust government officials and company representatives the least with respect to regulation of COI. Most respondents feel that industry-sponsored research can involve physicians and be both objective and beneficial to patients. Most respondents in this study felt that surgeons should be involved in industry-sponsored research and that more research, regardless of funding source, will ultimately benefit patients. The majority of respondents distrust government or industry to regulate COI. The development of evidence-based treatment recommendations requires the inclusion of patient

  5. An economic analysis of health plan conversions: are they in the public interest?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaulieu, Nancy Dean

    2004-01-01

    Over the last decade, managed-care companies have been consolidating on both a regional and national scale. More recently, nonprofit health plans have been converting to for-profit status, and this conversion has frequently occurred as a step to facilitate merger or acquisition with a for-profit company. Some industry observers attribute these managed-care marketplace trends to an industry shakeout resulting from increased competition in the sector. At the same time, these perceived competitive pressures have led to questions about the long-run viability of nonprofit health plans. Furthermore, some industry and government leaders believe that some nonprofits are already conducting themselves like for-profit health plans and question the state premium tax exemption ordinarily accorded to such plans. This paper examines related health policy issues through the lens of a case study of the proposed conversion of the CareFirst Blue Cross Blue Shield company to a for-profit public-stock company and its merger with the Wellpoint Corporation. Company executives and board members argued that CareFirst lacked access to sufficient capital and faced serious threats to its viability as a financially healthy nonprofit health care company. They also argued that CareFirst and its beneficiaries would benefit from merger through enhanced economies of scale and product-line extensions. Critics of the proposed conversion and merger raised concerns about the adverse impacts on access to care, coverage availability, quality of care, safety-net providers, and the cost of health insurance. Analyses demonstrate that CareFirst wields substantial market power in its local market, that it is unlikely to realize cost savings through expanded economies of scale, and that access to capital concerns are largely driven by the perceived need for further expansion through merger and acquisition. Although it is impossible to predict future changes in quality of care for CareFirst, analyses suggest

  6. Negotiating public and professional interests: a rhetorical analysis of the debate concerning the regulation of midwifery in Ontario, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spoel, Philippa; James, Susan

    2006-01-01

    This article investigates the uneasy process of integrating midwifery's alternative, women-centered model of childbirth care within the medically-dominated healthcare system in Canada. It analyses the impure processes of rhetorical identification and differentiation that characterized the debate about how to regulate midwifery in Ontario by examining a selection of submissions from diverse health care groups with vested interest in the debate's outcome. In divergent ways, these groups strategically appeal to the value of the "public interest" in order to advance professional concerns. The study considers the implications of this rhetorical process for re-defining midwifery's distinctive professional identity in relation to other health professions, to the state, and to the women for whom midwives care. Likewise, it suggests the relevance of rhetorical analysis for understanding the discursive formation and re-formation of health models, values, and professions in Western culture.

  7. Why people attend science festivals: Interests, motivations and self-reported benefits of public engagement with research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Eric; Buckley, Nicol

    2014-07-01

    As a form of public engagement, science festivals have rapidly expanded in size and number over recent years. However, as with other domains of informal public engagement that are not linked to policy outcomes, existing research .does not fully address science festivals' impacts and popularity. This study adduces evidence from surveys and focus groups to elucidate the perspectives of visitors at a large UK science festival. Results show that visitors value the opportunities afforded by the science festival to interact with scientific researchers and to encounter different types of science engagement aimed at adults, children and families. The most significant self-reported impact of attending a science festival is the development of increased interest in and curiosity about new areas of scientific knowledge within a socially stimulating and enjoyable setting.

  8. Key aspects of a Flemish system to safeguard public health interests in case of chemical release incidents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smolders, Roel; Colles, Ann; Cornelis, Christa; Van Holderbeke, Mirja; Chovanova, Hana; Wildemeersch, Dirk; Mampaey, Maja; Van Campenhout, Karen

    2014-12-15

    Although well-established protocols are available for emergency services and first-responders in case of chemical release incidents, a well-developed system to monitor and safeguard public health was, until recently, lacking in Flanders. We therefore developed a decision support system (DSS) to aid public health officials in identifying the appropriate actions in case of incidents. Although the DSS includes human biomonitoring as one of its key instruments, it also goes well beyond this instrument alone. Also other, complementary, approaches that focus more on effect assessment using in vitro toxicity testing, indirect exposures through the food chain, and parallel means of data collection (e.g. through ecosurveillance or public consultation), are integrated in the Flemish approach. Even though the DSS is set up to provide a flexible and structured decision tree, the value of expert opinion is deemed essential to account for the many uncertainties associated with the early phases of technological incidents. When the DSS and the associated instruments will be fully operational, it will provide a valuable addition to the already available protocols, and will specifically safeguard public health interests.

  9. Participation of a non-disputing party in arbitration and protection of the public interest before an ICSID Tribunal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đundić Petar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the need to protect the legitimacy of decision-making process in investment arbitration through public access to the proceedings. Unlike commercial arbitration, investment arbitration entails decisions on state responsibility for measures directed towards protection of environment, lives and health of its population or human rights. Presence of the public interest in such disputes brings under strong criticism a traditional characteristic of arbitration process - its confidentiality. The problem of democratic deficit of decision-making can be resolved, inter alia, by allowing persons who are not parties to the dispute to participate in the proceedings if they consider that their interest might be affected by arbitral award. The 2006 Arbitration Rules of International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes envisage, subject to approval of the Tribunal, the right of a non-disputing party to file a written submission with the Tribunal regarding a factual or legal issue connected with the subject matter of the dispute. However, without right of those entities to attend arbitral hearings and, more importantly, without their access to documents submitted during the proceedings, this is not by far enough to give 'friends of the court' a meaningful and significant role.

  10. Privacy Act of 1974; system of records--PHS. Waiver of advance notice period for a new system of records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-30

    FR Doc. 83-18581, appearing at page 31738 in the issue of Monday, July 11, 1983, provided notification of a new system of records proposed by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA). That system is 09-15-0045, "Health Resources and Services Administration Loan Repayment/Debt Management Records System, HHS/HRSA/OA." The document stated that the Public Health Service had requested that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) grant a waiver of the usual requirement that a system of records not be put into effect until 60 days after the report is sent to OMB and the Congress OMB granted the requested waiver on August 3, 1983. Accordingly, the new system of records, 09-15-0045, became effective upon the date of the waiver except for the routine uses established for the system. They became effective August 11, 1983, following the public comment period. However, in response to a comment received from the responsible oversight committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, we are adding a routine use to permit disclosure of information from these records to the General Accounting Office (GAO) and OMB for auditing financial obligations. We are also modifying one of the existing routine uses. PHS invites interested parties to submit comments on the proposed new routine use on or before September 29, 1983. In accordance with the Debt Collection Act of 1982 (Pub. L. 97-365), we are also adding the "special disclosure" statement. This statement does not require a public comment period.

  11. 22 CFR 17.7 - Waiver precluded.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... UNDER THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM (FSRDS) AND THE FOREIGN SERVICE PENSION SYSTEM (FSPS) § 17.7 Waiver precluded. (a) Waiver of an overpayment cannot be granted when: (1)...

  12. Managing Antimicrobial Resistance In Food Production : Conflicts Of Interest And Politics In The Development Of Public Health Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryn Williams-Jones

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Antimicrobial resistance is a growing public health concern and is associated with the over- or inappropriate use of antimicrobials in both humans and agriculture. While there has been reco- gnition of this problem on the part of agricultural and public health authorities, there has none- theless been significant difficulty in translating policy recommendations into practical guidelines. In this paper, we examine the process of public health policy development in Quebec agriculture, with a focus on the case of pork production and the role of food animal veterinarians in policy making. We argue that a tendency to employ strictly techno-scientific risk analyses of antimicro- bial use ignores the fundamental social, economic and political realities of key stakeholders and so limits the applicability of policy recommendations developed by government advisory groups. In particular, we suggest that veterinarians’ personal and professional interests, and their ethi- cal norms of practice, are key factors to both the problem of and the solution to the current over-reliance on antimicrobials in food production.

  13. 49 CFR 633.29 - PMP waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false PMP waivers. 633.29 Section 633.29 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT Project Management Plans § 633.29 PMP waivers. A waiver will be... basis, waive: (a) Any of the PMP elements in § 633.25 of this part if the Administrator determines...

  14. 14 CFR 234.12 - Waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waivers. 234.12 Section 234.12 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS AIRLINE SERVICE QUALITY PERFORMANCE REPORTS § 234.12 Waivers. Any carrier may request a waiver...

  15. 45 CFR 95.28 - What a waiver request for good cause must include.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What a waiver request for good cause must include. 95.28 Section 95.28 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATION-GRANT PROGRAMS (PUBLIC ASSISTANCE, MEDICAL ASSISTANCE AND STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH...

  16. 45 CFR 95.25 - When to request a waiver for good cause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false When to request a waiver for good cause. 95.25 Section 95.25 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATION-GRANT PROGRAMS (PUBLIC ASSISTANCE, MEDICAL ASSISTANCE AND STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE...

  17. 45 CFR 95.31 - Where to send a waiver request for good cause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Where to send a waiver request for good cause. 95.31 Section 95.31 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATION-GRANT PROGRAMS (PUBLIC ASSISTANCE, MEDICAL ASSISTANCE AND STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH...

  18. 对我国民事公益诉讼制度的探析%Probe into the Litigation System of the Civil Public Interests

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何芗依; 王茜茜

    2016-01-01

    民事公益诉讼制度是我国《民事诉讼法》规定的诸多制度中的一项重要制度,民事公益诉讼制度落实的好与坏,直接关系到社会公共利益的保护。凡是侵害社会公共利益的行为都应该受到民事公益诉讼制度的规范,所以社会公共利益是否受到侵害是确定民事公益诉讼受案范围的主要条件。完善我国目前的民事公益诉讼制度,扩大民事公益诉讼的主体范围,赋予公民个人民事公益诉权,有助于对社会公共利益的保护。%The litigation system of civil public interests in China is one of the important systems by the Civil Procedural Law. Imple-mentation of this system is directly related to the protection of the public interests. Those who act against the public interests should be regulated by the litigation system of civil public interests. Thus, infringement of the social public interests is the main conditions to determine the range litigation. To protect social public interests, we should improve the current civil litigation of public interests, expand the scope of the public interest litigation, and give individual citizens the right to appeal for the civil public interests.

  19. An admissions system to select veterinary medical students with an interest in food animals and veterinary public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haarhuis, Jan C M; Muijtjens, Arno M M; Scherpbier, Albert J J A; van Beukelen, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Interest in the areas of food animals (FA) and veterinary public health (VPH) appears to be declining among prospective students of veterinary medicine. To address the expected shortage of veterinarians in these areas, the Utrecht Faculty of Veterinary Medicine has developed an admissions procedure to select undergraduates whose aptitude and interests are suited to these areas. A study using expert meetings, open interviews, and document analysis identified personal characteristics that distinguished veterinarians working in the areas of FA and VPH from their colleagues who specialized in companion animals (CA) and equine medicine (E). The outcomes were used to create a written selection tool. We validated this tool in a study among undergraduate veterinary students in their final (sixth) year before graduation. The applicability of the tool was verified in a study among first-year students who had opted to pursue either FA/VPH or CA/E. The tool revealed statistically significant differences with acceptable effect sizes between the two student groups. Because the written selection tool did not cover all of the differences between the veterinarians who specialized in FA/VPH and those who specialized in CA/E, we developed a prestructured panel interview and added it to the questionnaire. The evaluation of the written component showed that it was suitable for selecting those students who were most likely to succeed in the FA/VPH track.

  20. Transcending the dilemma of "public interest"-on the meaning of the taking clause in the U.S. Constitution and its significance for China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qianfan

    2007-01-01

    This paper discusses the evolution and recent trends in the development of the constitutional concept of "public use" in the case-law history of the United States starting from the source of US government's taking powers and the original meaning of the Taking Clause in the Fifth Amendment of the United States Constitution. Since the concepts of "public use" and "public interest" are extremely difficult to be defined, it is very hard for the US courts to develop a relevant operative criterion. In the United States, the safeguard of "public interest" in taking mainly lies legislative rather than judicial control.In a democratic society, legislative judgment is highly respected by the courts and the entire takeovers that conform to public use as determined by the Congress are usually deemed constitutional. In this sense, the Congress is a "public interest machine", which automatically generates laws and decisions on behalf of public interests through the democratic representative process. The paper eventually suggests that China should divert its attention from the theoretical definition of "public interest" to institutional construction, and should make the National and Local People's Congresses and their standing committees to play major roles in deciding taking and compensation schemes.

  1. 论我国公益诉讼制度的构建%On the Construction of Public Interest Litigation System in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于立刚; 李司杰

    2011-01-01

    Public interest litigation came from Roman law, grew up in the capitalist countries, and matured in the United States and UK. Public interest litigation has played an important role in protecting the public interest, curbing the abuse of executive power, preventing unfair competition, and protecting the disadvantaged groups. Since the implementation of China's socialist market economy, the Constitution gradually decentralized some of its rights to private interest. Then the private interest infringed can be relieved through the way of litigation, while there is no litigation to help relieve infringed public interest, which results in huge losses of public interest. Therefore, the establishment of China's public interest litigation system to maintain the inviolability of public interest and realize the constitutional rights of citizens has become an urgent matter.%公益诉讼肇始于古罗马法,发展于资本主义国家,成熟于英美等国。公益诉讼在保护公共利益,抑制行政权力滥用,防止不正当竞争,保护弱小群体等方面发挥了重要的作用。我国自实行社会主义市场经济以来,宪法逐步放权于私益,私益受到侵害可以通过诉讼方式予以救济,而公益受到侵害则无诉讼方式予以救济,造成公共利益的巨大损失。因此,建立我国的公益诉讼制度,维护公共利益不受侵犯,实现宪法规定的公民权利就成为急切之事。

  2. 公共利益的主观诉讼保护模式%Subjective Litigation Mode of Public Interest Protection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张博

    2015-01-01

    In China,the“Administrative Procedure Law”does not provide the content of public interest litigation,so in administrative litigation practice,there forms a subjective litigation protection mode for public interest protection. That is,based on infringed personal interest,plaintiff files a lawsuit against the public interest and thus can protect public interest that related to private interest. The formation of this mode is associated with the lacking of objective litigation system design in our country and negative attitude to public interest litigation in the court. Due to lack of this kind of system,this mode can not achieve a fully and effectively protection of the public interest. Therefore, to establish objective litigation system in China is the only way to make effective protection of public interest.%由于在我国《行政诉讼法》中并未规定公益诉讼,行政诉讼的实践中对公共利益保护形成了一种主观诉讼的保护模式。即原告基于私益侵害提起诉讼进而达到维护与私益相关的公共利益的目的。这种模式的形成是与我国缺乏客观诉讼的制度设计以及法院对公益诉讼的消极审理态度分不开的。由于体系性的缺失这种模式无法实现对公共利益的全面、有效保护,建立我国的客观诉讼制度是实现公共利益有效保护的必由之路。

  3. 浅谈国有资产公益诉讼制度%On the public interest litigation of the state-owned assets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晓玲

    2012-01-01

    经济公益诉讼近年来引起学者的普遍关注,面对国有资产流失的现状,我国应该在国有资产监管中引入公益诉讼制度,为国有资产提供诉讼保障。本文通过对提起国有资产公益诉讼的可行性分析,借鉴国外资产公益诉讼的发展经验并根据公益诉讼自身特性,提出在我国构建国有资产公益诉讼的初步设想。%Economic public interest litigation in recent years has caused scholars' attention.Facing the present situation of the loss of the state-owned assets,our country should introduce public interest litigation system in state-owned assets supervision.This article analyzes the feasibility of public interest litigation of the state-owned assets,draws lessons from the foreign public interest litigation experience,and puts forward an initial tentative plan of constructing public interest litigation in our country according to the own features of public interest litigation.

  4. 检察机关介入公益诉讼的法律思考%Legal thinking of Procuratorial organs' involvement in public interest litigation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙绍杰

    2009-01-01

    The right of public interest litigation refers to the fight to make public interest litigation. The so-called public interest litigation refers to proceedings that state organs, social organizations and individual citizens, for the violation of national interests or social public interests, request the people's court to correct and crack down. And its purpose is a judicial relief measure taken to correct the public offense and protect public interest.%公益诉权是指进行公益诉讼的权力.所谓公益诉讼是指国家机关、社会团体和公民个人,对侵犯国家利益、社会公共利益的行为,请求人民法院进行纠正和制裁的诉讼活动,其目的是为了纠正公共性违法行为,保护公共利益而采取的一项司法救助措施.

  5. Public management and public relation analysis of conflicts of interest based on the new situation%基于新形势的公共管理与公共利益冲突关系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢秀娟

    2015-01-01

    公共管理是一项以政府为执行主体,从事管理各项公共事务,提高为人民服务的质量,达到公共利益最大化的工作。公共管理是一个过程,公共利益是公共管理的执行结果。本文将三个方面来阐述:公共管理和公共利益的概念和本质、两者之间的冲突和联系,以了解在新形势下,如何更好的调节公共管理与公共利益的关系,实现人民利益最大化。%The government as the main body in the execution of public management, engaged in all public affairs management, improve the quality of service for the people, to maximize public interests. Is a process of public management, public interest is the result of execution of public management. This article to illustrate the three aspects: the concept and essence of public administration and public interests, the conflict between the two and contact, to learn in the new situation, how to better regulate the interests of the public management and public relations, to maximize the interests of the people.

  6. Public Opinion on Merit Pay: Self Interest vs. Symbolic Politics. Program on Education Policy and Governance Working Papers Series. PEPG 10-05

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, William G.; Henderson, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Merit pay initiatives transparently alter the teaching profession and goings-on within classrooms, and thereby promise to stoke the self-interests of the two most prominent stakeholders in public education: teachers and parents. This memo summarizes the authors' ongoing efforts to empirically evaluate the extent to which public debates about merit…

  7. The Definition of Public Interest from the Perspective of Constitution%宪法视阈下公共利益的界定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丹阳

    2016-01-01

    Public interest is an important concept in law, the definition of public interest can often reflect the needs of real system. The definition of public interest has been expressed in the text of the Constitution in many countries abroad which are relative to balance public interest and private interest, no matter they are simple or complex. The definition of the public interest in the constitution of our country is the combination of principle and generality. What we should define public interest by the comprehensive application of the constitutional interpretation technology. At the same time, it is necessary to realize that the construction of the complete path of the definition of public interest needs the mutual cooperation between the legislation, administrative law enforcement and judicature.%公共利益是法学中的重要概念,对公共利益的界定往往能反映现实制度的需要。国外诸多国家的宪法均对公共利益的界定有所表述,或繁或简,都是为了寻求公益与私益的相对平衡。我国的宪法对公共利益的界定具有原则性和概括性,应当重视综合运用宪法解释技术,系统地看待公共利益的界定。在发挥宪法根本性作用的同时,须认识到公共利益界定完整路径的建构还需要立法、行政和司法的相互配合。

  8. An Analytical Study on Public Interest and Private Interest from the Perspective of Political Philosophy%政治哲学视域中的公共利益与私人利益之辩

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡朝阳

    2013-01-01

    The issue of interest exists throughout the human history .From the perspective of polit-ical philosophy ,this paper makes an analysis on the relationship between public interest and pri-vate interest .Firstly ,from the angle of the history of Chinese and Western political philosophy , the paper sorts out two different views about the relationship between public interest and private interest and reduces them to public interest sectional theory and private interest sectional theory . Secondly ,from the perspective of Marxist political philosopy ,the paper analyses Marxist view of interest and concludes that the relationship between them is generaity and particularity ,common-ness and individuality .%利益问题贯穿整个人类的历史发展,文章对公共利益与私人利益的关系问题作出了政治哲学的分析。首先从中西方政治哲学史的角度梳理了关于公共利益和私人利益关系上的两种不同观点,将其归纳为公共利益本位论和私人利益本位论;其次从马克思主义政治哲学视角出发,分析了马克思主义利益观,得出两者之间是一般和个别、共性和个性的关系。

  9. 当代西方社群主义的公共利益思想%A Study on the Thought of Communitarianist Public Interests

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓颖

    2015-01-01

    在利益问题上,共同体主义以公共利益为价值取向。尽管共同体主义者对公共利益缺乏一个统一的概念,但他们所说的公共利益都指向共同体的普遍善、共同善。也正是在这个意义上,他们对公共利益优先的论证,主要基于“共同体的共识”。共同体主义者强调公共利益优先,但同时也强调“我”的利益与他人和集体的利益是一致的。总体来看,共同体主义者反对个人利益至上的个人主义,强调整体利益高于个人利益,认为个人利益就包含在整体利益之中。只不过,他们对公共利益的疾呼,并未上升到行为准则的高度。%On the issue of interests,communitarians value in the public interests.Although communitarians lack of a unified concept of public interests,but their public interests point to general goods or the common goods of com-munity.In the sense,their arguments about the priority of public interests mainly base on “community consensus”. Communitarians emphasize the priority of public interests,but also stress that “My”interests with others and col-lective is consistent.Overall,Communitarians oppose to individualism,in which the individual interests is first, and emphasize the overall interests above personal interests,and consider personal interests is included in the over-all interests.But,their claims of the public interests,does not rise to the height of the code of conduct.

  10. 公民参与对公共利益界定的价值%Values of citizen participation on the definition of public interest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳君君

    2011-01-01

    The entity definition of public interest is unachievable;therefore the definition of public interest from procedure becomes a necessary choice.Defining public interest through citizen participation is in line with the requirements of modern democratic theory and practice,and it is beneficial to all parties' acceptance to the public interest,to achieve substantive rule of law,and to control the administrative discretion.In order to achieve the definition of public interests through citizen participation,it is necessary to system construction and to make a reasonable restriction.%公共利益的实体界定是难以实现的,为此从程序上对公共利益进行界定成为必要的选择。公民参与对公共利益的界定,符合现代民主理论与实践的要求,并有利于各方对公共利益的接受、实现实质法治、控制行政裁量权。为实现公民参与对公共利益的界定,有必要进行制度上的建构及作出合理的限制。

  11. The Comparative Law Thinking of Administrative Public Interest Litigation%行政公益诉讼的比较法思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢樑

    2015-01-01

    With the development of time, society continues to change. Under this background, the citizen 's con-sciousness of maintain the rights is improving, and the public interest is more attention than ever before. But in re-ality there is still damage of public interest and can't be solved, and the voice of the administrative public interest litigation has a long history. This article attempts through the perspective of comparative law analysis of administra-tive public interest litigation, to breakthrough on the plaintiff qualification and scope of accepting cases, in the hope of our country to perfect the administrative public interest litigation.%时代不断发展,社会也在不断变革,在此背景下,公民维权意识提高,较之以往对于公共利益更为关注。但现实中仍然存在公益损害求助无门之情形,行政公益诉讼的呼声由来已久。论文试图通过比较法的角度,对行政公益诉讼进行分析,在原告资格和受案范围上予以突破,以期我国行政公益诉讼之完善。

  12. 论经济法上的公共利益的识别标准%On Recognition Criteria of Public Interest in the Economic Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗圆

    2014-01-01

    The characteristics of abstractness and ambiguity of public interest make it difficult to define the concept of public interest,and scholars differ in their opinions. Therefore,it is necessary to establish the criteria for public interest recognition as it is the core of economic law. In economic law theory,the fundamental position of public interest is first ensured by distinguishing it from other related interests. Then,recognition and definition of public interest are further strengthened through the substantive standards like value judgment and categorization,and the procedure standards such as prior review and the judicial relief mechanism. Thus the legitimacy and validity of the public interests in economic law is ensured.%由于公共利益本身的模糊性和不确定性等特征,使得公共利益成为一个难以界定的概念,学者们各有分歧。但基于公共利益对于经济法的特殊性,需要对经济法上公共利益的识别标准进行探讨。在经济法理论中,需通过区别经济法上的公共利益与其他相关利益,把握公共利益在经济法中的基础地位,再从价值判断、“类型化”方式等实质标准和事前审查、事后司法救济机制等程序标准进一步加强对公共利益的识别和界定,保障经济法中公共利益的正当性与合法性。

  13. Dependability of results in conference abstracts of randomized controlled trials in ophthalmology and author financial conflicts of interest as a factor associated with full publication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saldanha, Ian J; Scherer, Roberta W; Rodriguez-Barraquer, Isabel; Jampel, Henry D; Dickersin, Kay

    2016-04-26

    Discrepancies between information in conference abstracts and full publications describing the same randomized controlled trial have been reported. The association between author conflicts of interest and the publication of randomized controlled trials is unclear. The objective of this study was to use randomized controlled trials in ophthalmology to evaluate (1) the agreement in the reported main outcome results by comparing abstracts and corresponding publications and (2) the association between the author conflicts of interest and publication of the results presented in the abstracts. We considered abstracts describing results of randomized controlled trials presented at the 2001-2004 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology conferences as eligible for our study. Through electronic searching and by emailing abstract authors, we identified the earliest publication (journal article) containing results of each abstract's main outcome through November 2013. We categorized the discordance between the main outcome results in the abstract and its paired publication as qualitative (a difference in the direction of the estimated effect) or as quantitative. We used the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology categories for conflicts of interest: financial interest, employee of business with interest, consultant to business with interest, inventor/developer with patent, and receiving ≥ 1 gift from industry in the past year. We calculated the relative risks (RRs) of publication associated with the categories of conflicts of interest for abstracts with results that were statistically significant, not statistically significant, or not reported. We included 513 abstracts, 230 (44.8 %) of which reached publication. Among the 86 pairs with the same main outcome domain at the same time point, 47 pairs (54.7 %) had discordant results: qualitative discordance in 7 pairs and quantitative discordance in 40 pairs. Quantitative discordance was indicated

  14. The Application of the Principle of Social Public Interest in the Contract Law%社会公共利益原则的合同法适用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永强

    2013-01-01

    The principle of social public interest is one set up by Chinese law itself.The social public interest stipulated in Item 4, Article 52 of the Contract Law, which can nullify a contract, shall be defined in a narrow sense.It shall be limited to the specific requirements as put forward within the law system, and distinguished from social public morality and public policies. Public interest is un-distributable, unrealistic and without a certain subject.Personal rights and public interests are different in nature.Conflicts between public interests and personal rights shall be balanced with principle theories, while personal rights shall be given initial priority.Where public interest is unobvious or uncertain, the validity of a contract shall be protected.There are four types of social public interests, namely those of basic rights protection, state-owned property protection, public security protection and legal orders protection.%  社会公共利益原则是中国法律确立的原则。《合同法》第52条第4项致合同无效的社会公共利益应采狭义说,以区别于社会公德和公共政策,仅限于法律体系内部所提出的确定要求。公共利益具有不可分配性、非现实性、主体不特定性等特征,个人权利与公共利益不具有同一性。公共利益与个人权利的冲突需要采用原则理论进行价值权衡,且个人权利具有初显优先性,在公共利益不明显或不确定时,应维护合同效力。社会公共利益存在基本权利保护型、国有资产保护型、公共安全保护型和法秩序维护型等四种类型。

  15. California's electricity system of the future scenario analysis in support of public-interest transmission system R&D planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eto, Joseph; Stovall, John P.

    2003-04-01

    The California Energy Commission directed the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions to analyze possible future scenarios for the California electricity system and assess transmission research and development (R&D) needs, with special emphasis on prioritizing public-interest R&D needs, using criteria developed by the Energy Commission. The scenarios analyzed in this report are not predictions, nor do they express policy preferences of the project participants or the Energy Commission. The public-interest R&D needs that are identified as a result of the analysis are one input that will be considered by the Energy Commission's Public Interest Energy Research staff in preparing a transmission R&D plan.

  16. Interesting Interest Points

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanæs, Henrik; Dahl, Anders Lindbjerg; Pedersen, Kim Steenstrup

    2012-01-01

    on spatial invariance of interest points under changing acquisition parameters by measuring the spatial recall rate. The scope of this paper is to investigate the performance of a number of existing well-established interest point detection methods. Automatic performance evaluation of interest points is hard......Not all interest points are equally interesting. The most valuable interest points lead to optimal performance of the computer vision method in which they are employed. But a measure of this kind will be dependent on the chosen vision application. We propose a more general performance measure based...... position. The LED illumination provides the option for artificially relighting the scene from a range of light directions. This data set has given us the ability to systematically evaluate the performance of a number of interest point detectors. The highlights of the conclusions are that the fixed scale...

  17. Effective pseudonymisation and explicit statements of public interest to ensure the benefits of sharing health data for research, quality improvement and health service management outweigh the risks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lusignan, Simon

    2014-01-01

    This journal strongly supports the sharing of data to support research and quality improvement. However, this needs to be done in a way that ensures the benefits vastly outweigh the risks, and vitally using methods which are inspire both public and professional confidences--robust pseudonymisation is needed to achieve this. The case for using routine data for research has already been well made and probably also for quality improvement; however, clearer mechanisms are needed of how we test that the public interest is served. Ensuring that the public interest is served is essential if we are to maintain patients' and public's trust, especially in the English National Health Service where the realpolitik is that patients can opt out of data sharing.

  18. The Basic Characteristics of the Confucian Outlook on Public and Private Interests%论儒家公私观的基本特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苑秀丽

    2016-01-01

    The Confucian outlook on public and private interests was formed in the era of Confucius and Mencius. It has three basic features: strong moral character; long-lasting suppression of private interests and esteeming public interests; opposition of either this or that. Although in different eras public and private interests did not mean the same things, those three features remained unchanged. They determined the basic pattern and trend of outlook on public and private interests, and have deeply inlfuenced the development of Chinese culture, economy and society.%儒家公私观在孔孟荀时代已经成型,它的基本特点有三方面:一是浓厚的道义性,二是持久的崇公抑私,三是非此即彼的对立性。尽管在不同的时代“公”“私”内容不尽相同,但这三个特点始终没有改变。这些特点决定了中国公私观的基本格局和走向,对中国文化、经济及社会发展也都有很深的影响。

  19. 公立医院公益性的概念与加强策略研究%Study on the Definition and Its Enhancement Options of Public-Interests Orientation of Public Hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷海潮

    2012-01-01

    Considering the different opinions towards the public-interests orientation of public hospitals, the author has put forward that public-interests orientation could be divided into two tiers: the natural public-interests orientation and the derivative public -interests orientation. The clarification and the definition for the terms were discussed in the paper The main problem of public hospital* existed in the derivative public-interests orientation aspect. Based upon the analysis on the issues of und reasons for the declining trend of public -interests orientation of public hospitals, six suggestions were presented on correcting and improving the public -interests orientation of public hospitals, which were controlling the overall size and scale of public hospitals, ensuring the adequate public financing, enhancing the budgeting activity and dealing with the residuals of income and expense surplus, controlling the pricing list and lowering the levels of user fees, developing the well -trained and professional hospital managers, and encouraging the philanthropy donations from the public and individuals.%文章针对公立医院公益性讨论的分歧,提出了可以将公益性划分为自然公益性和衍生公益性,并分别界定了两者的内涵.当前,公立医院的公益性问题主要是衍生公益性发挥不良.文章分析了公立医院衍生公益性存在的问题和原因,提出了6点加强建议,即:控制公立医院总规模;确保基本公共投入;加强预算和收支管理;控制收费项目和价格水平;发展职业化专业化管理队伍;鼓励公益性捐赠等.

  20. 14 CFR 1245.105 - Waiver after reporting inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waiver after reporting inventions. 1245.105... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Patent Waiver Regulations § 1245.105 Waiver after reporting inventions. (a) The provisions of this section apply to petitions for waiver of domestic rights to identified inventions which...

  1. 10 CFR 784.5 - Waiver of identified inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waiver of identified inventions. 784.5 Section 784.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT WAIVER REGULATION § 784.5 Waiver of identified inventions. This... particular identified subject invention. In determining whether such a waiver of an identified invention will...

  2. 45 CFR 261.36 - Do welfare reform waivers affect the calculation of a State's participation rates?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Do welfare reform waivers affect the calculation of a State's participation rates? 261.36 Section 261.36 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND...

  3. 48 CFR 2030.201-5 - Waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Waiver. 2030.201-5 Section 2030.201-5 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS CAS Program Requirements 2030.201-5 Waiver. Requests to waive Cost...

  4. 48 CFR 2944.101 - Waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Waiver. 2944.101 Section 2944.101 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR CONTRACT MANAGEMENT SUBCONTRACTING... contracting officer, and included in the contract file. The waiver must include all supporting...

  5. 12 CFR 1806.104 - Waiver authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waiver authority. 1806.104 Section 1806.104 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BANK... applicability, the Fund will publish notification of granted waivers in the Federal Register. ...

  6. 7 CFR 3431.22 - Waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VETERINARY MEDICINE LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM Administration of the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program § 3431.22 Waiver. (a) A program participant may seek a waiver or...

  7. 76 FR 14457 - Buy America Waiver Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-16

    ... America waiver, stated in 41 U.S.C. 10b, is appropriate for the purchase of foreign Mobile Harbor Cranes.... This waiver is being requested because mobile harbor cranes are not produced in the United States... the National Institute of Standards and Technology, to identify manufacturing opportunities...

  8. Effective pseudonymisation and explicit statements of public interest to ensure the benefits of sharing health data for research, quality improvement and health service management outweigh the risks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon de Lusignan

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This journal strongly supports the sharing of data to support research and quality improvement. However, this needs to be done in a way that ensures the benefits vastly outweigh the risks, and vitally using methods which are inspire both public and professional confidences – robust pseudonymisation is needed to achieve this. The case for using routine data for research has already been well made and probably also for quality improvement; however, clearer mechanisms are needed of how we test that the public interest is served. Ensuring that the public interest is served is essential if we are to maintain patients’ and public’s trust, especially in the English National Health Service where the realpolitik is that patients can opt out of data sharing.  

  9. Alternative Compliance: Guidelines for Preparing and Submitting a Waiver Request Application and Other Documentation Requirements (Book)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-11-01

    This document is designed to assist covered fleets interested in taking advantage of more flexible compliance options and to facilitate the transition from Standard Compliance to Alternative Compliance. It is designed to help fleets better understand the Alternative Compliance option and successfully complete the waiver application process.

  10. Alternative Compliance: Guidelines for Preparing and Submitting a Waiver Request Application and Other Documentation Requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2013-03-01

    This document is designed to assist covered fleets interested in taking advantage of more flexible compliance options and to facilitate the transition from Standard Compliance to Alternative Compliance. It is designed to help fleets better understand the Alternative Compliance option and successfully complete the waiver application process.

  11. Alternative Compliance: Guidelines for Preparing and Submitting a Waiver Request Application and Other Documentation Requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sears, Ted [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2014-06-01

    This document is designed to assist covered fleets interested in taking advantage of more flexible compliance options and to facilitate the transition from Standard Compliance to Alternative Compliance. It is designed to help fleets better understand the Alternative Compliance option and successfully complete the waiver application process.

  12. Alternative Compliance: Guidelines for Preparing and Submitting a Waiver Request Application and Other Documentation Requirements (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2014-06-01

    This document is designed to assist covered fleets interested in taking advantage of more flexible compliance options and to facilitate the transition from Standard Compliance to Alternative Compliance. It is designed to help fleets better understand the Alternative Compliance option and successfully complete the waiver application process.

  13. 78 FR 719 - California State Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Standards; Urban Buses; Request for Waiver of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-04

    ... AGENCY California State Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Standards; Urban Buses; Request for Waiver of... amendments to its emission standards for urban bus engines in a series of rulemakings. The rulemakings at... public transit agencies that operate urban buses and other transit vehicles; additionally,...

  14. 76 FR 13553 - Application, Review, and Reporting Process for Waivers for State Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... Application, Review, and Reporting Process for Waivers for State Innovation AGENCY: Centers for Medicare... for State Innovation described in section 1332 of the Patient Protection and the Affordable Care Act including processes to ensure opportunities for public input in the development of such applications...

  15. Application, review, and reporting process for Waivers for State Innovation. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    This final rule sets forth a procedural framework for submission and review of initial applications for a Waiver for State Innovation described in section 1332 of the Patient Protection and the Affordable Care Act including processes to ensure opportunities for public input in the development of such applications by States and in the Federal review of the applications.

  16. 4 CFR 201.11 - Requirements for waiver or reduction of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Section 201.11 Accounts RECOVERY ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY BOARD PUBLIC INFORMATION AND REQUESTS... request additional information if necessary. However, the Board must make a determination on the fee... information. In certain circumstances, a partial fee waiver may be appropriate, if some, but not all, of...

  17. Home and Community Based Services (HCBS) Waivers: A Nationwide Study of the States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzolo, Mary C.; Friedman, Carli; Lulinski-Norris, Amie; Braddock, David

    2013-01-01

    In fiscal year (FY) 2009, the Medicaid program funded over 75% of all publicly funded long-term supports and services (LTSS) for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in the United States (Braddock et al., 2011). The majority of spending was attributed to the Home and Community Based Services (HCBS) Waiver program. In…

  18. 78 FR 31563 - Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Core Medical Services Waiver; Application Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    ... Administration Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Core Medical Services Waiver; Application Requirements AGENCY: Health... XXVI of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Treatment Extension Act of... on core medical services, including antiretroviral drugs, for individuals with HIV/AIDS identified...

  19. Selected Publications on Teenagers and Alcohol. National Clearinghouse for Alcohol Information Grouped Interest Guide No. 8-5. Cumulative Issue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Clearinghouse for Alcohol Information (DHEW/PHS), Rockville, MD.

    This Grouped Interest Guide is published by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Its purpose is to provide the reader with a regularly published set of bibliographic references for recent, topical literature in designated areas. Topics included in this guide are Youth, Children of Alcoholic Parents, and Social Forces. A wide…

  20. 26 CFR 1.897-9T - Treatment of certain interest in publicly traded corporations, definition of foreign person, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... such class are effected, other than in de minimis quantities, on at least 15 days during the calendar... regularly traded for any calendar quarter during which it is regularly quoted by brokers or dealers making a... dealer holds himself out to buy or sell interests in such class at the quoted price. Stock of...

  1. Public Debt, Economic Growth and the Real Interest Rate : A Panel VAR Approach to EU and OECD Countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sterken, Elmer; Ogawa, Kazuo; Tokutsu, Ichiro

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the causal relationship between the public debt to GDP ratio and economic growth for 31 EU and OECD countries from 1995 to 2013. A number of studies have tackled this problem, but very few make the transmission mechanism explicit in their analysis. We estimate a panel VAR model that

  2. Virtual Space Exploration: Let's Use Web-Based Computer Game Technology to Boost IYA 2009 Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussey, K.; Doronila, P.; Kulikov, A.; Lane, K.; Upchurch, P.; Howard, J.; Harvey, S.; Woodmansee, L.

    2008-09-01

    With the recent releases of both Google's "Sky" and Microsoft's "WorldWide Telescope" and the large and increasing popularity of video games, the time is now for using these tools, and those crafted at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, to engage the public in astronomy like never before. This presentation will use "Cassini at Saturn Interactive Explorer " (CASSIE) to demonstrate the power of web-based video-game engine technology in providing the public a "first-person" look at space exploration. The concept of virtual space exploration is to allow the public to "see" objects in space as if they were either riding aboard or "flying" next to an ESA/NASA spacecraft. Using this technology, people are able to immediately "look" in any direction from their virtual location in space and "zoom-in" at will. Users can position themselves near Saturn's moons and observe the Cassini Spacecraft's "encounters" as they happened. Whenever real data for their "view" exists it is incorporated into the scene. Where data is missing, a high-fidelity simulation of the view is generated to fill in the scene. The observer can also change the time of observation into the past or future. Our approach is to utilize and extend the Unity 3d game development tool, currently in use by the computer gaming industry, along with JPL mission specific telemetry and instrument data to build our virtual explorer. The potential of the application of game technology for the development of educational curricula and public engagement are huge. We believe this technology can revolutionize the way the general public and the planetary science community views ESA/NASA missions and provides an educational context that is attractive to the younger generation. This technology is currently under development and application at JPL to assist our missions in viewing their data, communicating with the public and visualizing future mission plans. Real-time demonstrations of CASSIE and other applications in development

  3. DISCLOSURE OF EVIDENCE IN CARTEL LITIGATIONS IN THE EU: IS BALANCE OF VICTIMS’ RIGHTS AND PUBLIC INTERESTS POSSIBLE?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Mosunova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The research focus is an assessment of disclosure rules in the European Union and a perspective for implementation of the US discovery rules to improve European private enforcement. For these purposes the EU disclosure rules are compared with the US discovery rules; the influence of tension between disclosure of evidence and leniency programme on the effectiveness of protection of information is analyzed in order to propose areas for improvement and solutions to find a balance between some inconsistencies of the EU disclosure rules with interests of European plaintiffs in cartel litigations.The research method is not limited to a doctrinal approach to the EU and US legislation, but includes case law, and secondary sources. This paper does not deal with particular types of evidence and generic issues of disclosure unrelated to the cartel cases.The author contends that the American model of discovery in cartel cases cannot be transferred to the European context completely, even though disclosure of evidence in the EU is rather inefficient, and new rules are unlikely to protect consumers’ interests. In terms of consumers’ interests, protection facilitating follow-on actions looks more relevant on the EU level. Practically, the design of the US disclosure rules and priority of consumers’ rights effectively allow victims from the EU to sue in the US and obtain all necessary documents in the US proceeding. In this context convergence of the US and EU positions on disclosure of leniency materials could bring more certainty both to plaintiffs and defendants in cartel litigations.

  4. Public interest and private concern: the role of family carers for people suffering mental illness in the twenty first century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Robert; Leggatt, Margaret; Crowe, Jim

    2010-04-01

    This paper looks to examine the emerging role of carers as essential components in the management of individuals affected by severe mental illness in the context of modern legal and health policy environments. Cultural and legal concepts of confidentiality within the doctor-patient relationship are complex. Increasingly, evidence is recognizing the essential role of carers in the quality management of individuals affected by severe mental illness and this emphasis is being further supported by innovative health policy and legislation. A public health definition for the role of carers may be a more appropriate way to consider their role in mental health management strategies.

  5. The ethics of limiting informed debate: censorship of select medical publications in the interest of organ transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potts, Michael; Verheijde, Joseph L; Rady, Mohamed Y; Evans, David W

    2013-12-01

    Recently, several articles in the scholarly literature on medical ethics proclaim the need for "responsible scholarship" in the debate over the proper criteria for death, in which "responsible scholarship" is defined in terms of support for current neurological criteria for death. In a recent article, James M. DuBois is concerned that academic critiques of current death criteria create unnecessary doubt about the moral acceptability of organ donation, which may affect the public's willingness to donate. Thus he calls for a closing of the debate on current death criteria and for journal editors to publish only critiques that "substantially engage and advance the debate." We argue that such positions as DuBois' are a threat to responsible scholarship in medical ethics, especially scholarship that opposes popular stances, because it erodes academic freedom and the necessity of debate on an issue that is literally a matter of life and death, no matter what side a person defends.

  6. Balancing the interests of patient data protection and medication safety monitoring in a public-private partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreyer, Nancy A; Blackburn, Stella; Hliva, Valerie; Mt-Isa, Shahrul; Richardson, Jonathan; Jamry-Dziurla, Anna; Bourke, Alison; Johnson, Rebecca

    2015-04-15

    Obtaining data without the intervention of a health care provider represents an opportunity to expand understanding of the safety of medications used in difficult-to-study situations, like the first trimester of pregnancy when women may not present for medical care. While it is widely agreed that personal data, and in particular medical data, needs to be protected from unauthorized use, data protection requirements for population-based studies vary substantially by country. For public-private partnerships, the complexities are enhanced. The objective of this viewpoint paper is to illustrate the challenges related to data protection based on our experiences when performing relatively straightforward direct-to-patient noninterventional research via the Internet or telephone in four European countries. Pregnant women were invited to participate via the Internet or using an automated telephone response system in Denmark, the Netherlands, Poland, and the United Kingdom. Information was sought on medications, other factors that may cause birth defects, and pregnancy outcome. Issues relating to legal controllership of data were most problematic; assuring compliance with data protection requirements took about two years. There were also inconsistencies in the willingness to accept nonwritten informed consent. Nonetheless, enrollment and data collection have been completed, and analysis is in progress. Using direct reporting from consumers to study the safety of medicinal products allows researchers to address a myriad of research questions relating to everyday clinical practice, including treatment heterogeneity in population subgroups not traditionally included in clinical trials, like pregnant women, children, and the elderly. Nonetheless, there are a variety of administrative barriers relating to data protection and informed consent, particularly within the structure of a public-private partnership.

  7. Public management mechanism for the optimization of the interests of the state and local communities in the public administration system in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. V. Kostenok

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the modern understanding of public authority and its essential properties such as transparency, legitimacy and democracy. Local government institutions are considered as the basis of local public authorities. The author describes Ukraine as a country of “new democracy”, which is in the transitive state and, therefore, faced with the problem of underdevelopment of democratic institutions, as leaders of civic participation in governance processes. Stresses the importance of studying the institutional environment within and against the background of which is the establishment of local government practices. The author notes that the power of local government is primarily that it initiates the movement for democracy “from below.” Through it, citizens come to understand that democracy - it is personal involvement of each for society, rather than a set of formal electoral procedures. Do not forget also that the abstract democratic right to freedom realized including in particular the right to local self-government. A sense of responsibility for the common cause is usually quite changes people. Even most passive of which it gradually turns into a socially active individuals. When the number of people in the population exceeds a certain critical point, then we can talk about the presence of civil society in the country

  8. Medicaid Family Planning Waivers in 3 States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Kathleen Adams PhD

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Effects of Medicaid family planning waivers on unintended births and contraceptive use postpartum were examined in Illinois, New York, and Oregon using the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System. Estimates for women who would be Medicaid eligible “if” pregnant in the waiver states and states without expansions were derived using a difference-in-differences approach. Waivers in New York and Illinois were associated with almost a 5.0 percentage point reduction in unwanted births among adults and with a 7 to 8.0 percentage point reduction, among youth less than 21 years of age. Oregon’s waiver was associated with an almost 13 percentage point reduction in unintended, mostly mistimed, births. No statistically significant effects were found on contraceptive use.

  9. 5 CFR 9701.403 - Waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Performance Management § 9701.403 Waivers. When a specified category of employees...

  10. 14 CFR 249.10 - Waiver of requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS PRESERVATION OF AIR CARRIER RECORDS General Instructions § 249.10 Waiver of requirements. A waiver from any provision of this regulation may be made by the Director, Office of Airline...

  11. 45 CFR 50.4 - Waivers for research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-REQUEST FOR WAIVER OF THE TWO-YEAR FOREIGN RESIDENCE REQUIREMENT § 50.4 Waivers for research. In... experience or is occupying a senior staff position in a university, hospital, or other institution. ...

  12. Vested interests in addiction research and policy. Alcohol industry use of social aspect public relations organizations against preventative health measures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Peter G; de Groot, Florentine; McKenzie, Stephen; Droste, Nicolas

    2011-09-01

    It has been proposed that alcohol industry 'social aspects/public relations' organizations (SAPROs) serve the agenda of lending credibility to industry claims of corporate responsibility while promoting ineffective industry-friendly interventions (such as school-based education or TV advertising campaigns) and creating doubt about interventions which have a strong evidence base (such as higher taxes on alcoholic beverages). This paper investigated whether submissions to Australia's National Preventative Health Taskforce (NPHT) from alcohol industry bodies regarding the Australian SAPRO, Drinkwise, have used this organization to demonstrate corporate responsibility while promoting industry-friendly interventions. Submissions to the Australian National Preventative Health Taskforce (NPHT) discussion paper Australia, the healthiest country by 2020 (n = 375) were examined to identify those with primary alcohol content. A thematic analysis of the resulting 33 submissions was conducted to determine which organization, institution or individual discussed Drinkwise. Australia. Nine of the 33 submissions discussed Drinkwise; all were submitted by the alcohol industry or its affiliates. Every industry submission referred to Drinkwise either as providing evidence of social responsibility or by suggesting the industry-friendly actions of Drinkwise as alternatives to those recommended by the NPHT report. Drinkwise has been used by the alcohol industry to create an impression of social responsibility while promoting interventions that maintain profits and campaigning against effective interventions such as higher taxes on alcohol. © 2011 The Authors, Addiction © 2011 Society for the Study of Addiction.

  13. Consent, Refusal, and Waivers in Patient-Centered Dysphagia Care: Using Law, Ethics, and Evidence to Guide Clinical Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horner, Jennifer; Modayil, Maria; Chapman, Laura Roche; Dinh, An

    2016-11-01

    When patients refuse medical or rehabilitation procedures, waivers of liability have been used to bar future lawsuits. The purpose of this tutorial is to review the myriad issues surrounding consent, refusal, and waivers. The larger goal is to invigorate clinical practice by providing clinicians with knowledge of ethics and law. This tutorial is for educational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. The authors use a hypothetical case of a "noncompliant" individual under the care of an interdisciplinary neurorehabilitation team to illuminate the ethical and legal features of the patient-practitioner relationship; the elements of clinical decision-making capacity; the duty of disclosure and the right of informed consent or informed refusal; and the relationship among noncompliance, defensive practices, and iatrogenic harm. We explore the legal question of whether waivers of liability in the medical context are enforceable or unenforceable as a matter of public policy. Speech-language pathologists, among other health care providers, have fiduciary and other ethical and legal obligations to patients. Because waivers try to shift liability for substandard care from health care providers to patients, courts usually find waivers of liability in the medical context unenforceable as a matter of public policy.

  14. Prosecutor's Office Role In The Process Of Ensuring Balance Between Private And Public Interests In The Conditions Of The Economic Activity Freedom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadezhda D. But

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Present article is devoted to the problem of prosecutor participation in the process of ensuring the balance of private and public interests during the supervision over laws on free economic activity execution. Authors noted the existence of need for the formation of the registers of subjects of small and medium business which aren't created so far. According to the authors, for more effective control over the balance of private and public interests the anti-corruption legislation of the Russian Federation, including the Federal Law of July 26, 2006 No. 135-FZ "On the competition protection" should be brought into accord with the international precepts of law and standards. Authors pay special attention to the questions of supervision, including reasons for the fact that during the supervision over the performance of laws in the conditions of the economic activity freedom in sight of prosecutors should be not dispositive, but imperative (regulatory and guarding legal norms. In the sphere of the prosecutor's law-enforcement activity in the conditions of economic activity freedom it is expedient to allocate such activity of prosecutors into the independent supervising subsector as it covers not only economic, but also other spheres of public life (state construction, social questions and many other. In the course of research authors analyze various regulations, opinions of scientists and practice of law application. In the conclusion authors explains opinion that questions listed in the present article need more accurate legislative regulation and realization in the law-enforcement practice.

  15. An Empirical Analysis on Public Prosecutors’ Roles Participating in Environmental Public Interest Litigation%检察机关参与环境公益诉讼的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙洪坤

    2014-01-01

    At present,the public prosecutors’ roles when participating public interest litigation are still in the “trial and error” phase on the environmental public interest litigation. When procuratorates participate in environmental public interest litigation,there are no specific procedural norms and a set of operating experience for reference. In environmental disputes,environmental authorities with a lot of information of polluting enterprises and other illegal evidences need the support of prosecuting organ which is familiar with the techniques of the proceedings and skills,the prosecuting organ also needs the environmental authorities to provide the necessary evidence. Environmental authorities and public prosecutors should collaborate and use the “steel teeth” of justice to provide a strong support for environmental enforcement. Through the empirical investigation of the main characteristics and realistic constraints of prosecuting organ in environmental public interest litigation. This article attemptes to find a way which fits our county’s reality for procuratorial organ involved in the environmental public interest litigation,thus boost the construction and improvement of ecological civilization’s justice mechanism.%当前,检察机关参与环境公益诉讼仍处于“摸着石头过河”阶段。检察机关参与环境公益诉讼具体程序性规范缺失,具体操作过程中亦缺乏一整套可供借鉴的经验。环境纠纷中,拥有污染企业众多信息以及其他违法证据的环保机关需要熟知诉讼程序与技巧的检察机关的支持,而检察机关亦离不开环保机关为其提供必要的证据与线索。两者应通力协作,以司法的“钢牙”,为环境执法提供强有力的后盾。通过实证考察检察机关参与环境公益诉讼的主要特征与现实掣肘,试图寻求契合我国实情的检察机关参与环境公益诉讼之路,从而助推生态文明建设司法机制的完善。

  16. 10 CFR 784.12 - Terms and conditions of waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... (2) In paragraph (a) in the definition of “Subject invention” substitute: “course of or” for... regarding waivers of identified inventions. For inventions under advance waivers, a duly executed and.... In the case of a waiver of an identified invention pursuant to a request for greater rights,...

  17. 75 FR 41836 - Waiver and Extension of Project Period

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ... Waiver and Extension of Project Period AGENCY: Office of Innovation and Improvement. ACTION: Notice of waiver and extension of project period. SUMMARY: The Secretary waives the requirements in 34 CFR 75.261(c... prohibits any project period extensions involving the obligation of additional Federal funds. A waiver of...

  18. 49 CFR 199.7 - Stand-down waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Stand-down waivers. 199.7 Section 199.7 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY... Stand-down waivers. (a) Each operator who seeks a waiver under § 40.21 of this title from the...

  19. 49 CFR 382.119 - Stand-down waiver provision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Stand-down waiver provision. 382.119 Section 382... SUBSTANCES AND ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING General § 382.119 Stand-down waiver provision. (a) Employers are prohibited from standing employees down, except consistent with a waiver from the Federal Motor...

  20. 45 CFR 260.74 - How do existing welfare reform waivers affect the application of the Federal time-limit provisions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How do existing welfare reform waivers affect the application of the Federal time-limit provisions? 260.74 Section 260.74 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

  1. How to Stimulate Public Interest in Science Museums%科技类博物馆展览如何激发观众参观兴趣

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨溪

    2012-01-01

    Public interest plays an important role in their visiting science museums. This article proposes that science museums could use many methods to stimulate public interest more efficiently, in terms of the content and form of the exhibitions. These methods include using peculiar forms, adding interactive exhibition items, utilizing similar background knowledge of audiences and combining humanistic ideas.%兴趣在观众参观科技类博物馆的活动中起到了重要的作用,观众的参观行为在很大程度上受到兴趣的影响。本文结合举例,说明科技类博物、馆可以通过在内容和形式方面下功夫,力求形式设计上的新奇、精美,增加观众对展览的参与度,充分利用观众相似的知识背景作为展览内容为切入点。结合人文科学领域的新思想表达展览设计者的传播意图。

  2. Do Medicaid home and community based service waivers save money?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrington, Charlene; Ng, Terence; Kitchener, Martin

    2011-10-01

    This article estimates the potential savings to the Medicaid program of using 1915c Home and Community Based Services (HCBS) waivers rather than institutional care. For Medicaid HCBS waiver expenditures of $25 billion in 2006, we estimate the national savings to be over $57 billion, or $57,338 per waiver participant in 2006 compared with the cost of Medicaid institutional care (for which all waiver participants are eligible). When taking into account a potential 50% "woodwork effect" (for people who might have refused institutional services), the saving would be $21 billion. This analysis demonstrates that HCBS waiver programs present significant direct financial savings to Medicaid long-term care (LTC) programs.

  3. Human drugs and biologics; determination that informed consent is NOT feasible or is contrary to the best interests of recipients; revocation of 1990 interim final rule; establishment of new interim final rule. Food and Drug Administration, HHS. Interim final rule; opportunity for public comment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-10-05

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is revoking its 1990 interim final regulations that permitted the Commissioner of Food and Drugs (the Commissioner) to determine that obtaining informed consent from military personnel for the use of an investigational drug or biologic is not feasible in certain situations related to military combat. FDA also is issuing a new interim final rule addressing waiver of informed consent in military operations. FDA is taking these actions based on its analysis and consideration of all relevant facts, including its evaluation of the Department of Defense's (DOD) experience during the Persian Gulf War, its evaluation of the comments received by the agency in response to the agency's July 31, 1997, request for comments on whether the agency should revise or revoke the interim regulations, and the enactment of the Strom Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (the Defense Authorization Act). Under the Defense Authorization Act, the President is authorized to waive the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act's (the act) informed consent requirements in military operations if the President finds that obtaining consent is infeasible or contrary to the best interests of recipients and on an additional ground that obtaining consent is contrary to national security interests. In light of the enactment of the Defense Authorization Act, with an immediate effective date, and because the President could be called upon to make a waiver determination for military personnel engaged in a specific military operation at any time, the agency believes that it is critical to have in place adequate criteria and standards for the President to apply in making an informed consent waiver determination. Therefore, FDA is issuing a new interim final regulation with an immediate effective date to establish criteria and standards for the President to apply in making a determination that informed consent is not feasible or is contrary to the

  4. 5 CFR 2640.302 - Waivers issued pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 208(b)(3).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ETHICS INTERPRETATION, EXEMPTIONS AND WAIVER GUIDANCE CONCERNING 18 U.S.C. 208 (ACTS AFFECTING A PERSONAL.... The agency's determination must be based on a certification that the need for the employee's services... on the committee; (5) The dollar value of the disqualifying financial interest, if it is known or can...

  5. 5 CFR 2640.301 - Waivers issued pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 208(b)(1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ETHICS INTERPRETATION, EXEMPTIONS AND WAIVER GUIDANCE CONCERNING 18 U.S.C. 208 (ACTS AFFECTING A PERSONAL..., job offer, or enhancement of a spouse's employment); (2) The identity of the person whose financial... employee; (3) The dollar value of the disqualifying financial interest, if it is known or can be...

  6. 76 FR 23596 - Notice of a Regional Waiver of Section 1605 (Buy American Requirement) of American Recovery and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    ... interest waiver) to VADEQ for de minimis incidental components of eligible water infrastructure projects... non-domestic iron, steel, and manufactured goods when they occur in de minimis incidental components of such projects that would otherwise be prohibited under Section 1605(a). DATES: Effective...

  7. “公益广告”多样化的语言表达技巧%Diversified language expression skills of public interest advertising

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐远水

    2015-01-01

    This article introduces a new type of advertisement which is different from the commodity advertisement in recent years.The new type of advertisement talks about the culture of the new public service ads,which expound the significance of public interest advertising.It lists a number of important advertising entries.The advertising words are listed not only classify the language expression methods,but also give a detailed description of the focus and difficulty of advertising content,style of writing.This paper also discusses the specific application of Chinese knowledge and writing skills in the public service advertis-ing.%文章介绍了近年出现的一种别于商品广告的新型广告———“讲文明树新风公益广告”,阐述了公益广告的意义。列举了许多很有意义的重要广告条目,将所列举的广告词从语言表达方法上作了分类,并就广告的内容、写法两方面的重点、难点作了较为详细的说明,论述了有关汉语知识和写作技巧在公益广告中的具体运用。

  8. 42 CFR 493.1775 - Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of waiver or a certificate for provider...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Inspection § 493.1775 Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of waiver or a certificate for provider-performed microscopy procedures....

  9. 77 FR 9214 - Notice of Proposed Waiver and Extension of Project Period for the Native Hawaiian Career and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-16

    ... Notice of Proposed Waiver and Extension of Project Period for the Native Hawaiian Career and Technical...: Notice. SUMMARY: For 36-month projects funded in fiscal year (FY) 2009 under the Native Hawaiian Career... community- based organization means a public or private organization that provides career and...

  10. Supply of buprenorphine waivered physicians: the influence of state policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Bradley D; Gordon, Adam J; Dick, Andrew W; Burns, Rachel M; Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo; Farmer, Carrie M; Leslie, Douglas L; Sorbero, Mark

    2015-01-01

    Buprenorphine, an effective opioid use disorder treatment, can be prescribed only by buprenorphine-waivered physicians. We calculated the number of buprenorphine-waivered physicians/100,000 county residents using 2008-11 Buprenorphine Waiver Notification System data, and used multivariate regression models to predict number of buprenorphine-waivered physicians/100,000 residents in a county as a function of county characteristics, state policies and efforts to promote buprenorphine use. In 2011, 43% of US counties had no buprenorphine-waivered physicians and 7% had 20 or more waivered physicians. Medicaid funding, opioid overdose deaths, and specific state guidance for office-based buprenorphine use were associated with more buprenorphine-waivered physicians, while encouraging methadone programs to promote buprenorphine use had no impact. Our findings provide important empirical information to individuals seeking to identify effective approaches to increase the number of physicians able to prescribe buprenorphine.

  11. On moral duty of public interest object in civil society boundary%公民社会界域中公益客体的道德义务

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张韧韧

    2015-01-01

    During the process of building moderately prosperous society,we should not only ana‐lyze the moral rights of social vulnerable group,but also study their moral duties in order to deal with the problems scientifically and reasonably.Through analyzing civil society and its spiritual essence,as well as moral rights and duties in public interest ethics,this paper puts forward that as main object of public interest in civil society boundary,social vulnerable group should under‐take basic moral duties such as being honest while accepting donations,and taking part in social and political activities responsibly after accepting donations.%在全面建成小康社会的进程中,为了科学合理地协调处理社会弱势群体问题,在分析其应该享有道德权利的同时,需要研究其应该承担的道德义务。通过对公民社会及其精神内核以及公益伦理道德权利与道德义务的分析,提出在公民社会界域中公益行为主要客体即社会弱势群体,该群体应该承担接受捐助时诚信的义务,以及接受援助后负责任地参与社会政治活动等基本道德义务。

  12. Slow-release carbohydrates: growing evidence on metabolic responses and public health interest. Summary of the symposium held at the 12th European Nutrition Conference (FENS 2015).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinoy, Sophie; Laville, Martine; Feskens, Edith J M

    2016-01-01

    To draw attention to the necessity of considering differences in the digestibility of carbohydrates, and more specifically of starch, a symposium was held at the 12th European Nutrition Conference (FENS), which took place in Berlin from October 20 to 23, 2015. The purpose of this session was to present the consolidated knowledge and recent advances regarding the relationship between slow-release carbohydrates, metabolic responses, and public health issues. Three main topics were presented: 1) the definition of, sources of, and recognised interest in the glycaemic response to slowly digestible starch (SDS); 2) clinical evidence regarding the physiological effects of slow-release carbohydrates from cereal foods; and 3) interest in reducing the postprandial glycaemic response to help prevent metabolic diseases. Foods with the highest SDS content induce the lowest glycaemic responses, as the starch is protected from gelatinisation during processing. In humans, high-SDS food consumption induces slower glucose release, lower postprandial insulinaemia, and stimulation of gut hormones. Moreover, postprandial hyperglycaemia is an independent risk factor for type two diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Therefore, given the plausible aetiologic mechanisms, we argue that postprandial glucose levels are relevant for health and disease and represent a meaningful target for intervention, for example, through dietary factors. This symposium was organised by Mondelez International R&D.

  13. Waiver Plans Would Scrap Parts of NCLB

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNeil, Michele

    2011-01-01

    States seeking waivers under the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act are hoping to replace what is widely considered an outdated, but consistent, school accountability regime with a hodgepodge of complex school grading systems that are as diverse as the states themselves. That's the picture that emerged from an "Education Week" analysis of…

  14. 76 FR 72028 - Buy America Waiver Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-21

    ... American products; 2 supported the waiver, including 1 commenter who reasoned that foreign cars incorporate American-made components; 1 urged San Francisco County to buy a Tesla, which is made in the United States..., which is 100 percent domestic steel and iron content. As to the Tesla, San Francisco County...

  15. 75 FR 64394 - Buy America Waiver Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ... the need for PennDOT to consider alternate designs using domestic steel on future Federal-aid projects... a Buy America waiver is appropriate for the use of non-domestic Steel Pipe; A53 Grade B, 26'' OD, 0.375'' wall for construction of a Recovery Act project on SR 60, Section A40, in Allegheny...

  16. 47 CFR 76.1207 - Waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... by a provider of multichannel video programming and other services offered over multichannel video programming systems, or an equipment provider that such a waiver is necessary to assist the development or introduction of a new or improved multichannel video programming or other service offered over...

  17. 75 FR 38594 - Buy America Waiver Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... a Buy America waiver is appropriate for the use of non-domestic high strength steel bars ASTM A722M... source for the high strength steel bars ASTM A722M 150 ksi (1\\7/8\\ inches in diameter). As a result... is appropriate for the use of non-domestic high strength steel bars for emergency repairs of...

  18. 76 FR 52379 - Buy America Waiver Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-22

    ... ultimate tensile strength of 290ksi for experimental use in Ultra High Performance Concrete (UHPC) in... is appropriate to use non-domestic \\1/2\\'' x 0.008 steel fiber with ultimate tensile strength of... to issue a waiver on its Web site for \\1/2\\'' x 0.008 steel fiber with ultimate tensile strength...

  19. 48 CFR 1515.404-474 - Waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Waivers. 1515.404-474 Section 1515.404-474 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CONTRACTING... circumstances, the SCM may specifically waive the requirement for the use of the guidelines. Such...

  20. Legitimacy of Public Interest as the Object of Litigation and Litigation Act%“公共利益”作为诉讼标的之正当性及其诉讼担当

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙午生

    2014-01-01

    Article 55 of Civil Procedure Law in 2013 provides the matter in public interest litigation. However, from the perspective of the object of litigation, the public interest is taken as a repressor of the legitimacy of the public interest litigation. Then under the premise that the right not the interest can start proceedings, only that the public interest is depicted as rights is the fundamental way. After proving the object matter of the public interest litigation, the litigation act can be the best theoretical basis for prosecution involved in the public in-terest litigation, however, the prosecution only undertakes the rights in form of public interest, and substantive rights still belong to the real obligee.%2013年《民事诉讼事法》第55条规定了公益诉讼,可是,从诉讼标的的角度,“公共利益”在实体法中的阙如成为公益诉讼正当性的一种阻遏,那么,在以权利而非利益方可启动诉讼的前提下,只有对“公共利益”进行权利化描述才是根本出路。在求证出公益诉讼的诉讼标的之后,诉讼担当是成为检察机关介入公益诉讼的最佳理论依据,但是,检察机关承接的只能是公益诉讼形式上的权利,而实体权利仍归真正权利人。

  1. The Burden of Corporation Environmental Liability and Public Interest%公司环境责任担当与公益诉讼

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵万一; 朱明月

    2011-01-01

    日益严峻的环境污染、资源浪费问题是主张公司承担环境保护责任的现实依据。通过康菲事件,不难发现.传统的以保护公民人身权和财产权为宗旨的私益诉讼,只是使得污染公司承担了一部分外部性,这样不利于遏制其污染环境的行为。在对《公司法》第五条作扩大性解释的基础上,引进环境公益诉讼制度,可以使公司对环境造成的外部性内化,使其经济活动的私人成本等于社会成本,从而更好地督促公司履行环境责任。%The realistic basis of the corporate environmental responsibility is the increasingly serious environmental pollution and the resource-wasting problem. Through ConocoPhilips' events, we can find that the private interest litigation which protects the traditional protection of citizens' personal rights and property rights assumes the company a portion of an external pollution. So it is not conducive to curb the pollution behavior. The fifth article of the company law has been given an extended explanation and public interest litigation system has been introduced, which make the company environmental responsibility external, the private and the social cost of the economic activities equal to supervise the corporate environmental responsibility.

  2. A unique funding opportunity for public health in Texas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlenker, Thomas; Huber, Carol A

    2015-01-01

    In addition to the Affordable Care Act, states are more frequently turning to Medicaid waivers to achieve the "Triple Aim" goals of improving the experience of care, improving population health, and reducing per capita costs. These demonstration waivers provide opportunities to test innovative ways to finance and deliver care. Texas is currently implementing a waiver known as the Transformation and Quality Improvement Program. Its inclusion of public health agencies is a unique approach to a system typically limited to traditional providers. San Antonio Metropolitan Health District is one public health agency taking advantage of this new funding opportunity to implement 6 new or expanded programs targeting health issues of highest priority in this south Texas region. This article discusses the use of Medicaid waivers and the advantages and challenges of public health agency participation.

  3. Ending AIDS as a public health threat by 2030: Scientific Developments from the 2016 INTEREST Conference in Yaoundé, Cameroon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hankins, Catherine A; Koulla-Shiro, Sinata; Kilmarx, Peter; Ferrari, Guido; Schechter, Mauro; Kane, Coumba Touré; Venter, François; Boucher, Charles Ab; Ross, Anna-Laura; Zewdie, Debrework; Eholié, Serge Paul; Katabira, Elly

    2017-01-01

    The underpinning theme of the 2016 INTEREST Conference held in Yaoundé, Cameroon, 3-6 May 2016 was ending AIDS as a public health threat by 2030. Focused primarily on HIV treatment, pathogenesis and prevention research in resource-limited settings, the conference attracted 369 active delegates from 34 countries, of which 22 were in Africa. Presentations on treatment optimization, acquired drug resistance, care of children and adolescents, laboratory monitoring and diagnostics, implementation challenges, HIV prevention, key populations, vaccine and cure, hepatitis C, mHealth, financing the HIV response and emerging pathogens, were accompanied by oral, mini-oral and poster presentations. Spirited plenary debates on the UNAIDS 90-90-90 treatment cascade goal and on antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis took place. Joep Lange career guidance sessions and grantspersonship sessions attracted early career researchers. At the closing ceremony, the Yaoundé Declaration called on African governments; UNAIDS; development, bilateral, and multilateral partners; and civil society to adopt urgent and sustained approaches to end HIV by 2030.

  4. The Dilemma and Breakthrough of Plaintiff System of Environmental Public Interest Litigation%环境公益诉讼原告制度的困境及突破

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张力增

    2016-01-01

    最高人民法院颁布的《关于审理环境民事公益诉讼案件适用法律若干问题的解释》,将环境公益诉讼的原告限定为社会组织和民政部门,实质是确立了环境公益诉讼单一原告制度。环境公益诉讼自身具有复杂性和专业性的特点,单一的原告很难有效实现环境公益诉讼的立法初衷。反思环境诉讼单一原告制度,建立环境公益诉讼联合原告机制,是未来环境公益诉讼制度的发展方向。%In the Interpretation of several Issues concerning the Application of Law in the Trial of Civil Public Interest Litigation promulgated by the Supreme People's Court, the plaintiff of environmental public interest litigation is limited to the social organization and civil administration department, so the essence is to establish a single plaintiff system of environmental public interest litigation. Environmental public interest litigation it-self has the characteristics of complexity and professionalism, it is difficult for a single plaintiff to effectively realize the legislative intention of environmental public interest litigation. Based on reflecting the single plain-tiff system of environmental litigation, the establishment of the joint plaintiff mechanism of environmental public interest litigation is the development direction of the future environmental public interest litigation sys-tem.

  5. Definition on Consumption Public Interest Litigation and It’s Actionable Range%论消费公益诉讼的界定及其可诉范围

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨仕兵

    2016-01-01

    Consumption public interest litigation has a very important significance to protect the interests of consumers and safeguard the public interest of the consumer sector.However,there are still a lot of misunderstandings on the definition of consumption public interest litigation.In defining the consumption public interest litigation,we should pay attention to the difference between the private interests and consumption public interest litigation.The article 47 of The Consumer Protection Law is not a basis of judgment of consumption public interest litigation by consumer association.When we definite the actiona-ble range of consumption of public interest litigation,the problems of monopoly,environment and public service cannot be brought into the actionable range of consumption public interest litigation.%消费公益诉讼对于保护消费者权益,维护消费领域的公共利益有着极为重要的意义。但在消费公益诉讼的界定问题上还存在着诸多误区。在界定消费公益诉讼时,应注意其与私益诉讼的区别及其本身所具有的特征,即消费公益诉讼保护对象的公益性、保护不特定利益主体的权益、受益人的非特定性和胜诉结果的不可分性。《消费者权益保护法》第47条的规定,并不能作为消费者协会提起消费公益诉讼的判断依据。在确定消费公益诉讼的可诉范围时,垄断问题、环境问题和公共服务问题不应纳入消费公益诉讼的范围。

  6. Scientific perspectives on extending the provision for waivers of in vivo bioavailability and bioequivalence studies for drug products containing high solubility-low permeability drugs (BCS-Class 3).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavchansky, Salomon

    2008-06-01

    Recently, there has been increased interest in extending the provision for waivers of in vivo bioavailability and bioequivalence (BA-BE) studies that appeared in the guidance published by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (1) to pharmaceutical products containing Class 3 drugs (High solubility-Low Permeability). The extension of the Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS) to Class 3 drugs is meritorious because of its impact on public health policy considerations. The rate limiting step in the absorption of Class 3 drugs is the permeability through the intestinal membrane. This commentary will focus its attention on the scientific considerations which need to be examined to assess the risk and the benefit prior to granting a waiver of in vivo bioavailability and/or bioequivalence studies for Class 3 drugs. It will examine the forces affecting the interconnectivity of the neuronal, immunological and hormonal systems in the gastrointestinal tract that may affect its permeability and functionality. It will also challenge the assumption that in vitro dissolution and in vitro permeability studies in tissue cultures in the presence and absence of excipients are good predictors for in vivo dissolution and in vivo permeability which are at the heart of the BCS.

  7. 25 CFR 900.146 - Is technical assistance available for waiver requests?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Is technical assistance available for waiver requests... EDUCATION ASSISTANCE ACT Waiver Procedures § 900.146 Is technical assistance available for waiver requests? Yes. Technical assistance is available as provided in § 900.7 to prepare a waiver request or to...

  8. 29 CFR 70.41 - Reduction or waiver of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... audience of persons interested in the subject, as opposed to the individual understanding of the requester... is in the public interest because it is likely to contribute significantly to public understanding of... primarily in the commercial interest of the requester. (2) To determine whether the requirement of...

  9. 29 CFR 500.10 - Waiver of rights prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Waiver of rights prohibited. 500.10 Section 500.10 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION General Provisions § 500.10 Waiver of rights prohibited....

  10. 28 CFR 505.5 - Waiver of fee by Warden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Waiver of fee by Warden. 505.5 Section 505.5 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION COST OF INCARCERATION FEE § 505.5 Waiver of fee by Warden. The Warden may reduce or waive the...

  11. 29 CFR 575.3 - Application for waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Application for waiver. 575.3 Section 575.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS WAIVER OF CHILD LABOR PROVISIONS FOR AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT OF 10 AND 11 YEAR OLD MINORS IN HAND HARVESTING OF...

  12. 38 CFR 8.17 - Discontinuance of premium waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... SERVICE LIFE INSURANCE Premium Waivers and Total Disability § 8.17 Discontinuance of premium waiver. (a... premiums shall cease as of the date of such finding, and the insurance may be continued by payment of..., and if such premium was not paid within 31 days after the due date, the insurance lapsed. (c) If...

  13. 42 CFR 402.308 - Waivers of exclusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... authorization to obtain information from private health insurers, peer review organizations (including, but not... of exclusion request. An excluded person must submit a request for waiver of exclusion in writing to... the submitter that the waiver of exclusion request has been received. (2) Reviews and validates...

  14. 40 CFR 60.398 - Innovative technology waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Innovative technology waivers. 60.398 Section 60.398 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... Light Duty Truck Surface Coating Operations § 60.398 Innovative technology waivers. (a) General Motors...

  15. 75 FR 54222 - Petition for Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ... requested, and the petitioner's arguments in favor of relief. Aronco Leasing Company (Waiver Petition Docket Number FRA-2010-0120) The Aronco Leasing Company (Aronco), a private passenger car operator based in... Requirements for existing passenger cars. Specifically, Aronco has petitioned FRA for a waiver for...

  16. Waivering as Governance: Federalism during the Obama Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saultz, Andrew; McEachin, Andrew; Fusarelli, Lance D.

    2016-01-01

    This article analyzes how the Obama administration used executive power to grant waivers from federal education policies and assesses whether they used this power differently than previous administrations and in other sectors (e.g., health or welfare). The executive use of waivers to shape state policy is not a new trend. However, we find that…

  17. 16 CFR 315.8 - Prohibition of certain waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prohibition of certain waivers. 315.8 Section 315.8 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CONTACT LENS RULE § 315.8 Prohibition of certain waivers. A prescriber may not place on a prescription,...

  18. 49 CFR 661.9 - Application for waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application for waivers. 661.9 Section 661.9 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION..., only a grantee may request a waiver. The request must be in writing, include facts and justification...

  19. 39 CFR 961.10 - Waiver of employee rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Waiver of employee rights. 961.10 Section 961.10... EMPLOYEE HEARING PETITIONS UNDER SECTION 5 OF THE DEBT COLLECTION ACT § 961.10 Waiver of employee rights. The Hearing Official may determine the employee has waived his or her right to a hearing and...

  20. 50 CFR 18.32 - Waiver of the moratorium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) MARINE MAMMALS Special Exceptions § 18.32 Waiver of the moratorium. See... state provides an acceptable management program for a species or population stock within its... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Waiver of the moratorium. 18.32 Section 18...

  1. 14 CFR 375.26 - Waiver of sovereign immunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waiver of sovereign immunity. 375.26... Applicable § 375.26 Waiver of sovereign immunity. Owners and operators of aircraft operated under this part that are engaged in proprietary of commercial activities waive any defense of sovereign immunity from...

  2. 14 CFR 294.80 - Waiver of sovereign immunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waiver of sovereign immunity. 294.80... This Part § 294.80 Waiver of sovereign immunity. By accepting an approved registration under this part, a registrant waives any right it may possess to assert any defense of sovereign immunity in any...

  3. Related Issues on the Participation of Procuratorial Organs in Civil Public Interest Litigation%检察机关参与民事公益诉讼相关问题探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓旭

    2012-01-01

    It has been the consensus both in academic and practical circles that we should construct a civil public interest litigation system in China, and the public all appeal that the procuratorial organs should be involved in the civil public interest litigation. The article studies the means and relevant procedural issues of the participation of procuratorial organs in civil public interest litigation, hoping to benefit the construction of our civil public interest litigation system.%我国需要构建民事公益诉讼制度已经成为学术界和实务界的共识,公众对检察机关参与民事公益诉讼的呼声也颇高。文章对检察机关参与民事公益诉讼的方式及相关程序性问题进行探讨,以期对我国民事公益诉讼制度的构建有所裨益。

  4. Machine Readable Passports & The Visa Waiver Programme

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    From 1 October 2003, all passengers intending to enter the USA on the Visa Waiver Programme (VWP) will be required to present a machine-readable passport (MRP). Passengers travelling to the USA with a non-machine readable passport will require a valid US entry visa. Applying for a US visa is a lengthy process, which can take several weeks or even months. Therefore it is strongly recommended that: • All Visa Waiver nationals who hold a non-machine readable passport should obtain a MRP before their next visit to the USA. • Children travelling on a parent's passport (be it machine readable or non-machine readable) cannot benefit from the Visa Waiver Programme and should obtain their own MRP prior to travelling to the USA or request a visa. What is a Machine Readable Passport (MRP)? A MRP has the holders' personal details, e.g. name, date of birth, nationality and their passport number contained in two lines of text at the base of the photo page. This text may be read by machine. These 2 lines ...

  5. 76 FR 54456 - Petition for Waiver and Notice of Granting the Application for Interim Waiver of Samsung from the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ... for Interim Waiver of Samsung from the Department of Energy Residential Refrigerator and Refrigerator... receipt of and publishes the Samsung Electronics America, Inc. (Samsung) petition for waiver (hereafter... pertains to certain basic models in Samsung's product lines that incorporate multiple defrost cycles. In...

  6. 77 FR 74616 - Amendments and Correction to Petitions for Waiver and Interim Waiver for Consumer Products and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-17

    ...) provides for the Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products Other Than Automobiles. The National... amend sections 430.27(b)(1)(i) and 431.401(b)(1)(i) to require waiver applicants to identify each brand... required to include all brand names and applicable basic model numbers for which the waiver will apply. DOE...

  7. Message framing in the context of the national menu-labelling policy: a comparison of public health and private industry interests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelton, Rachel C; Colgrove, James; Lee, Grace; Truong, Michelle; Wingood, Gina M

    2017-04-01

    We conducted a content analysis of public comments to understand the key framing approaches used by private industry v. public health sector, with the goal of informing future public health messaging, framing and advocacy in the context of policy making. Comments to the proposed menu-labelling policy were extracted from Regulations.gov and analysed. A framing matrix was used to organize and code key devices and themes. Documents were analysed using content analysis with Dedoose software. Recent national nutrition-labelling regulations in the USA provide a timely opportunity to understand message framing in relation to obesity prevention and policy. We examined a total of ninety-seven documents submitted on behalf of organizations (private industry, n 64; public health, n 33). Public health focused on positive health consequences of the policy, used a social justice frame and supported its arguments with academic data. Industry was more critical of the policy; it used a market justice frame that emphasized minimal regulation, depicted its members as small, family-run businesses, and illustrated points with humanizing examples. Public health framing should counter and consider engaging directly with non-health-related arguments made by industry. Public health should include more powerful framing devices to convey their messages, including metaphors and humanizing examples.

  8. Spousal Conflicts of Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Shana R.

    2005-01-01

    Romantic relationships bud and sometimes bloom in the school district workplace. When those relationships involve a sitting member of a school board or an administrator with responsibility for managing other employees, questions about a conflict of interest will be raised. Most states have laws prohibiting a public official from taking official…

  9. Public Education, Public Good.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlinson, John

    1986-01-01

    Criticizes policies which would damage or destroy a public education system. Examines the relationship between government-provided education and democracy. Concludes that privatization of public education would emphasize self-interest and selfishness, further jeopardizing the altruism and civic mindedness necessary for the public good. (JDH)

  10. 49 CFR 37.151 - Waiver for undue financial burden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES (ADA) Paratransit as a Complement to Fixed Route Service § 37.151 Waiver for... incorporating an additional paratransit service criterion or improving an aspect of a specific service...

  11. 7 CFR 764.453 - Agency waiver of training requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... writing. (b) The Agency will grant a waiver for training in production, financial management, or both... applicant's experience and training necessary for a successful and efficient operation. (c) If...

  12. 75 FR 49551 - Petition for Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-13

    ... (SARM) of Roane County, Tennessee, seeks a waiver of compliance from Control of Alcohol and Drug Use, 49... and historically handles 500 or fewer annual carloads. SARM has 6 hours of service employees who are...

  13. 76 FR 58856 - Determination Regarding Waiver of Discriminatory Purchasing Requirements With Respect to Goods...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE Determination Regarding Waiver of Discriminatory Purchasing Requirements With...: Determination Regarding Waiver of Discriminatory Purchasing Requirements under the Trade Agreements Act of...

  14. 环境公益诉讼制度的立法现状及其新课题%Legislative Updates and New Challenges of Environmental Public Interest Litigation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟根巴根

    2016-01-01

    The establishment of the environmental public interest litigation system is based on the situation of worsening environmental pollution and urgent need for environmental protection for the public. Presently, the ongoing action of environmental public interest litigation and related local regu⁃lations are leading to the establishment of litigation at state level and creation of the environmental public interest litigation system. The environmental public interest litigation system is a new litigation system. However, the unique issues of our country such as social value orientation, consciousness of civil right, legal thought, and judicial remedies lead to the incomplete environmental public interest litigation. The consequence is limitation to the prosecutors, over harsh prosecution condition, limited type of litigation, and unclear related functions.%环境公益诉讼是在环境污染和生态破坏日趋严重的形势下,为保护环境公共利益的迫切需要而产生的。当下,在全国范围内发生的环境公益诉讼司法实践及某些地方制定的规范性文件牵动着国家层面的立法,并导致环境公益诉讼制度的诞生。然而,由于我国的社会价值取向、公民权利意识、法律思想、司法救济手段等诸多因素影响,使得环境公益诉讼立法不完整、不彻底,存在起诉主体受限、起诉条件过严、诉讼类型单一、相关机制的衔接不明等先天不足,让它面临新的挑战。

  15. 环境公益诉讼的原告模式及司法成本分析%Analysis of plaintiff mode of environmental public interest litigation and judicial cost

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏娜

    2012-01-01

    To date, China has accumulated more than 10 cases of environmental public interest litigation cases. These cases are both a breakthrough of the concept of dynamic justice to the parties in civil litigation sys- tem and providing a number of plaintiff modes of public interest litigation. Com- pare with judicial costs of different modes, can easily find the joint plaintiff mode of procuratorial organs supplemented by gov- ernment departments and environmental or- ganizations is the easiest to reduce the legal costs and decentralize the litigation risk, and the best for the sustainable development of environmental public interest litigation.%迄今为止,我国已累计出现10余例环境公益诉讼案件。这些案例既是“能动司法”理念对民事诉讼当事人制度的突破,也提供了公益诉讼的若干原告模式。比较不同模式的司法成本。不难发现,以检察机关为主,以政府职能部门和环保组织为辅的联合原告模式,最易于降低司法成本和分散诉讼风险,对我国环境公益诉讼的可持续发展最为有利。

  16. Interest Organizations across Economic Sectors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berkhout, Joost; Carroll, Brendan; Braun, Caelesta

    2015-01-01

    on the basis of political and economic institutional factors. Focusing on business interest representation, we show that economic institutions structure the ‘supply’ of interest organizations by affecting the number of potential constituents, the resources available for lobbying and the geographical level....... The European Union interest system is (partially) shaped by economic factors, relatively independent from public policy or institutions.......The number of interest organizations (density) varies across policy domains, political issues and economic sectors. This shapes the nature and outcomes of interest representation. In this contribution, we explain the density of interest organizations per economic sector in the European Union...

  17. 75 FR 22581 - Energy Conservation Program for Commercial Equipment: Decision and Order Granting a Waiver to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ...: Decision and Order Granting a Waiver to Daikin AC (Americas), Inc. (Daikin) From the Department of Energy.... Department of Energy's (DOE) decision and order in Case No. CAC-026, which grants Daikin a waiver from the... waiver is specific to the Daikin variable capacity VRV-WIII (commercial) water-source multi-split...

  18. 14 CFR 1274.914 - Requests for waiver of rights-large business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... waiver of rights—large business. Requests for Waiver of Rights—Large Business July 2002 (a) In accordance... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requests for waiver of rights-large business. 1274.914 Section 1274.914 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE...

  19. 75 FR 57937 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Notice of Petition for Waiver of Samsung...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ... of Petition for Waiver of Samsung Electronics America, Inc. From the Department of Energy Residential... waiver, and request for comments. SUMMARY: This notice announces receipt of and publishes the Samsung Electronics America, Inc. (Samsung) petition for waiver (hereafter, ``petition'') from specified portions of...

  20. 48 CFR 252.225-7033 - Waiver of United Kingdom levies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Waiver of United Kingdom... of Provisions And Clauses 252.225-7033 Waiver of United Kingdom levies. As prescribed in 225.1101(9), use the following clause: Waiver of United Kingdom Levies (APR 2003) (a) The U.S. Government...

  1. 48 CFR 952.227-84 - Notice of right to request patent waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... patent waiver. 952.227-84 Section 952.227-84 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY... Notice of right to request patent waiver. Include this provision in all appropriate solicitations in accordance with 48 CFR 927.409(t). Right To Request Patent Waiver (FEB 1998) Offerors have the right to...

  2. 20 CFR 725.461 - Waiver of right to appear and present evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... hearing. A waiver of the right to appear shall be made in writing and filed with the Chief Administrative... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Waiver of right to appear and present... TITLE IV OF THE FEDERAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Hearings § 725.461 Waiver of right...

  3. The production of critical theories in Health Systems Research and Education. An epistemological approach to emancipating public research and education from private interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Pierre Unger

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at offering alternative methodological perspectives in health systems research, to produce critical, theoretical knowledge in domains such as health policy and management of health care, organization of disease control, political economy of health and medical practice.We first examined the reasons to believe that worldwide economic agents have driven publicly funded schools of public health to adopt their preferred policies and to orient their priority research topics. We then studied whether this hidden leadership has also contributed to shape research methodologies, which we contrasted with the epistemological consequences of a quest for intellectual independence, that is, the researcher’s quest to critically understand the state of health systems and generalize results of related action-research. To do so, we applied concepts of what could be named the ‘French School of Critical Sociology’ to qualitative research methodologies in descriptive health systems research. To do so, we applied concepts of what could be named the ‘French School of Critical Sociology’ to qualitative research methodologies in descriptive health systems research.

  4. 公益法律服务体系构建%The Establishment of a Legal Service System for Public Interest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王超莹; 蔡俊敏

    2009-01-01

    在《现代汉语词典》中,“公益”被解释为“公共的利益(多指卫生、救济等群众福利事业)”;与此相对应,在英文中有“public benefit”(公共利益或公共收益)和“commonweal”和“public welfare”(公共福利)等概念。“公共利益”是我国法律中出现频率最高的术语,作为法律保留条款或说是法律限制条款,其本质是对个人和部分利益的限制,对全民或整体利益的维护和偏袒,但是其概念并未得到明确界定。

  5. 完善我国环境公益诉讼制度的思考%Thought of the Improvement in China′s Environmental Public Interests Litigation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王曦; 章楚加

    2016-01-01

    With the increasingly severer environmental problems, the government plays a more and more important role in the field of environmental supervision. Environmental Protection Law of the People′s Republic of China ( 2014 Revision) has explicitly stipulated that the local governments at all levels shall be responsible for the environmental quality within their respective administrative regions. But Article 58 in the law has not set up corresponding external supervision system on circumstances of governments indolent in carrying out environmental supervision duties, which objectively leads to the unbalanced development of environmental public interest litigation practice. Reference are learned from the environmental public interest litigation legislation and juridical practice in western countries, of which the major is the environmental administrative public litigation instituted by the civil and environmental groups that filed adminis⁃trative lawsuits. So as to prove that the key to consummate Chinese environmental public interest litigation system should be the con⁃struction of the environmental administrative public interest litigation system, in order to regulate the phenomenon of government failure in the environmental protection field and classify the relationship between the administrative power and judicial power in the field of public affairs.%随着环境形势的日益严峻,政府在环境监管中的作用愈发重要。我国2014年修订的《环境保护法》明确规定各级地方政府对本行政区域的环境质量负责,但该法对地方政府怠于履行环境监管职责的情形没有设计相应的外部监督制度,客观上造成环境公益诉讼实践发展不平衡。借鉴欧美国家主要由公民或环保团体针对政府的环境违法行为提起行政公益诉讼的环境公益诉讼立法例和司法实践,完善我国环境公益诉讼制度的关键是构建环境行政公益诉讼制度,以规制环境保

  6. Managing conflicts of interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sade, Robert M; Akins, Cary W; Weisel, Richard D

    2015-04-01

    The more extensive conflict of interest information will permit reviewers and editors to ensure the accuracy, balance,and lack of bias of papers accepted for publication.Therefore, a brief conflict statement will be published on the cover page and a more extensive description will be published at the end of the paper to allow concerned readers to make their own judgments about the quality of the information reported.

  7. Gaps in Political Interest

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Robison, Joshua

    2015-01-01

    sought to measure respondents’ general interest in politics by asking them how often they follow public affairs. In this article, we uncover novel sources of measurement error concerning this question. We first show that other nationally representative surveys that frequently use this item deliver......Political interest fundamentally influences political behavior, knowledge, and persuasion (Brady, Verba, & Schlozman, 1995; Delli Carpini & Keeter, 1996; Luskin, 1990; Zukin, Andolina, Keeter, Jenkins, & Delli Carpini, 2006). Since the early 1960s, the American National Election Studies (ANES) has...... drastically higher estimates of mass interest. We then use a survey experiment included on a wave of the ANES’ Evaluating Government and Society Surveys (EGSS) to explore the influence of question order in explaining this systemic gap in survey results. We show that placing batteries of political...

  8. The link between thyroid autoimmunity (antithyroid peroxidase autoantibodies with anxiety and mood disorders in the community: a field of interest for public health in the future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sardu Claudia

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To evaluate the association between mood and anxiety disorders and thyroid autoimmunity in a community sample. Methods: A community based sample of 222 subjects was examined. Psychiatric diagnoses were formulated using the International Composite Diagnostic Interview Simplified (CIDIS, according to DSM-IV criteria. All subjects underwent a complete thyroid evaluation including physical examination, thyroid echography and measure of serum free T4 (FT4, free T3 (FT3, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH and anti-thyroid peroxidase autoantibodies (anti-TPO. Results 16.6% of the overall sample had an anti-TPO value above the normal cut-off. Subjects with at least one diagnosis of anxiety disorders (OR = 4.2, C.L. 95% 1.9–38.8 or mood disorders (OR = 2.9, Cl 95% 1.4–6.6, P Conclusions The study seems to suggest that individuals in the community with thyroid autoimmunity may be at high risk for mood and anxiety disorders. The psychiatric disorders and the autoimmune reaction seem to be rooted in a same (and not easy correctable aberrancy in the immuno-endocrine system. Should our results be confirmed, the findings may be of great interest for future preventive and case finding projects.

  9. The Difficulties and Countermeasures of Environmental Public Interests Litigation System in the New Environmental Protection Law%新环保法中环境公益诉讼制度的难点与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐孝辉

    2015-01-01

    The civil procedural law (amendment) in 2012 stipulated environmental public interests litigation system, but the legal provision was simple and lack of maneuver ability. Although the new environmental protection law and relevant judicial interpretation have made great progress, still there are powerless on juridical practice about environmental pollution and ecological damage, which mainly include the main plaintiff being limited, territorial jurisdiction resulting in regional protection, the scope of accepting cases being too narrow etc. Defining procurator and the environmental protection department of the plaintiff qualification, giving citizens and enterprises of the plaintiff qualification, relaxing the plaintiff qualifications of social organization, establishing environmental circuit court, expanding actionable range of environmental public interests litigation, committing case-filing register system of environmental public interests litigation can crack the difficulties of environmental public interests litigation.%2012年民事诉讼法(修正案)最初规定了环境公益诉讼制度,但法律规定简单且缺乏可操作性.新环保法及相关司法解释虽有很大进步,却在环境污染和生态破坏司法实践方面仍显得力不从心,主要表现在原告主体资格受限、地域管辖严格导致地方保护、受案范围过窄等方面. 通过明确检察机关和环保部门原告资格、赋予公民和企业原告资格、放宽社会组织的原告资格条件、设立环境巡回法庭、扩大环境公益诉讼的可诉范围、落实环境公益诉讼立案登记制等措施可以破解环境公益诉讼制度的难点.

  10. On the Protection of Police's Rights and Interests under the Reform of Public Security%论全面深化公安改革背景下的警察权益保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘辉

    2016-01-01

    The development of the times which promotes the reform of public security continues to move forward. To reform is to adapt the time request, the social needs, in order to improve the quality and ability of public security team, and maintain social stability and society development; on the other hand, it inherently contains the augment and improvement of the protection of the rights and interests of the police. The protection of the rights and interests of the police is the proper meaning of public security work, and to deepen the reform of public security therefore provides a rare opportunity. So it should improve relevant laws and regulations, establish the special protection institutions and mechanisms, accelerate the construction of police professionalism, improve police public relations, improve team overall quality and upgrade police equipment and other aspects of the police to protect the rights and interests and to improve the combat effectiveness of the police force.%时代的发展推动着公安改革不断向前发展.改革一方面是为了适应时代的要求、社会的需要,为了提高公安队伍的素质能力,更好地维护社会稳定,服务社会发展;另一方面,它又包含了对警察权益保护的加强和完善.警察权益保护是公安工作的应有之义,全面深化公安改革为此提供了难得的契机,应该从完善有关法律法规、建立专门保护机构和机制、加快警察专业化建设、改善警察公共关系、提高队伍整体素质以及升级警用装备等方面来着手保护警察权益,以提高公安队伍的战斗力.

  11. 从“崇公抑私”到“尚公重私”——儒家公私观的现代转化%From "Respecting Public and Restraining Private Interest" to "Respecting Public and Private Interest" : Modern Transformation of the Confucian View on Public and Private Interest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱正平

    2012-01-01

    Traditional Confucian culture put forward the idea of "respecting public and restraining private interest" from the political dimension of "the whole world as one community", the interest-based dimension of "justice" and the moral dimension of "the public good and private evil". In the "selfless" sense of moral and political philosophy, "respecting public and restraining private interest" constitutes the mainstream of traditional Chinese Confucian culture. However, the Confucian tradition of "respecting public and restraining private interest" has obvious limitations. With the changes in time and space and in modem social transition period, we must pay attention to the rationality and legitimacy of "private interest", in order to build a civil society; and the traditional Confucian public-private values need to be converted to "respecting public and private interest" to adapt to the development of a harmonious society.%儒家传统文化从"天下为公"的政治维度、"重义轻利"的利益维度和"公善私恶"的道德维度提出了"崇公抑私"的思想,在道德意识和政治理念上要求人们"大公无私",使得"崇公抑私"构成了中国儒家传统文化的主流。然而,儒家传统的"崇公抑私"的公私观具有明显的时代局限性:为封建统治阶层服务的"天下为公"导致"天下为私";抑制个人私欲的"以公灭私"导致"假公济私";将公私等同善恶的"公私对立"导致"公私两无"。在时空变迁和语境置换之下,现代社会转型时期必须重视"私"的合理性与正当性,为了构建公民社会,儒家传统的公私观需要转化为"尚公重私",以适应社会和谐发展的需要。

  12. 我国廉政公益广告的传播现状和传播策略研究%On China’s Anti-corruption and Public-interest Advertisings and their Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪

    2013-01-01

    随着经济的发展,廉政公益广告也越来越多的走进人们的视线,而其传播效果却一直不尽如人意。分析了廉政公益广告的传播现状和存在的问题,究其根源,在于广告本身对于受众定位不够清晰。在对广告目标受众、广告创意策略等方面进行分析的基础上,结合对香港、日本等地的优秀廉政公益广告案例的研究析,提出了我国廉政公益广告的传播策略。%With the development of economy,anti-corruption and public-interest advertisings are increas-ingly familiar to the audience,but their effects are not satisfactory.The paper makes an analysis of the ad-vertisings and their problems and suggests that their failure is related to the absence of the audience posi-tioning.Upon analysis of the target audience and advertising innovation,the paper studies the successful advertising cases in Japan and Hong Kong and proposes the strategies for good anti-corruption and public-interest advertisings.

  13. Establishment of Rights Protection Image and Public Space of Rights and Interests of New Generation of Migrant Workers%新生代农民工维权形象与权益公共空间的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘保庆

    2014-01-01

    新生代农民工权益受侵正由“显”到“隐”,维权形象和能力不容乐观,其维权方式的失效同城乡移动所带来的“权益共同体”的中断密切相关。乡民在乡村受到乡村“权益共同体”的保护,走入城市意味着乡村“权益共同体”的失效,而城市又没有为其提供相应的维权方式对接,从而造成维权效果低下。以互联网为平台,以地方性权益空间建设为基础,以国家法律法规等体制为依据,以新生代农民工人大代表和权益领袖为主体,通过“事件化”社会舆论监督机制建设社会诚信空间,最终构建新生代农民工权益公共空间。%The rights and interests of new generation of migrant workers have been infringed from the“obvious” to the “hidden”, and their rights image and ability are not optimistic. The failure of the rights protection is closely related to the interrupt of the “rights and interests community” formed by urban and rural migration. Villagers are protected by the “rights and interests community” in their rural villages, but when they move to the city, the rural “rights and interests community” has lost its effect while the city has no way to provide the appropriate rights for them, resulting in the low effect of the rights protection. By taking the Internet as a platform and the construction of local public space as the base, national laws and regulations as the basis, worker representatives and leaders of new generation of migrant workers as the main body and by building social credit space through the “events”-based social media supervision, the construction of public space of rights and interests of new generation of the migrant workers can be estab-lished eventually.

  14. Which Measures Count for the Public Interest?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenstein, Marilyn

    2015-01-01

    The "measure" of this article is a bit different from most--there are almost as many words in the notes as in the body of the text. Notes are a significant part of my writing, both in terms of recognizing the connections and complexities among issues, trying to capture the richness of interdisciplinary teaching, and in terms of…

  15. Mexico's 2014 Public Interest Design Award

    OpenAIRE

    Filippi, Francesca; Pennacchio, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    Design students in Mexico City and Turin, Italy paired up with an NGO in Oaxaca to help a local cooperative build a center for technological innovation. The experimental center is a space to explore low-tech and low-cost innovative technologies, which will lead to a stronger local economy in the future. The built project was designed to incorporate local construction culture and improve thermal properties with local materials, resulting in the use of traditional tejamanil wood shingles and ra...

  16. Analysis on the Relationship between New Generation Migrant Workers' Non - institutionalized Interest Expression and City Public Safety%新生代农民工非制度化利益表达与城市公共安全

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志胜

    2014-01-01

    在成功案例示范与鼓励下,部分新生代农民工在自身合法权益受损后往往选择非制度化的利益表达方式,从而给城市经济发展、社会安全以及民主法治进程带来诸多负面影响。新生代农民工之所以采取非制度化方式表达其利益诉求主要源于制度化渠道的“形宽实窄”以及现行城市管理存在的“制度歧视”。唯有采取针对性的举措,我们才有可能减少该类表达行为的发生,从而提升城市公共安全水平。%With encouragement from the successful experience,some new generation migrant workers often choose the non - institutionalized interest expression when their rights and interests damaged. Theier behaviors likely to influence the city's economic development,social security,and the rule of law process. For the non - institutionalized interest expression originate from silting and inefficient of the formal expression channel,but also the flaws of city management. So,only we take corresponding measures,can we reduce the incidence of non - institutionalized interest expression behavior,improve the ur-ban public safety.

  17. 论我国行政公益诉讼的外部因素、制度缺陷与路径选择%On External Factors,Systematical Defects and Path Choice of Public Interest Litigation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    念富强

    2014-01-01

    The dilemma in establishing the system of administrative public interest litigation is caused both by external factors and systematical defects.The external causes such as unwillingness,fear, unawareness and lack of techniques to litigate have existed for long and are quite complicated,and cannot be solved in one try.It needs a gradual and orderly process,relies on social and economic pros-perity,enhancement of social democratic awareness,improvement of ideas about litigation,and per-fection,development and gradual realization of litigation aid theories.The system of legal rights oper-ation can be realized through top level design of national public rights.In terms of paths,we should stick to"the principle of public rights being defined by public rights".By reforming the present j udi-cial system or reconstruct independent j udicial system,we can realize the independence,balance and healthy interaction of j udicial operation,and prevent the interference from administrative rights.On the other hand,this should be based on"fundamental legal spirits of people's rights",granted people or social organizations rights to litigate against the damage.This is a specific example of"the principle of public rights being defined by private rights",and a legal path and guarantee of people'supervision of governments.As for lack and defects of legal action system as a public product,such as damage caused by administration being unable to sue,severe restriction of plaintiff qualifications,difficulties in evidence provision,huge burden of litigation,we can still do something under the present circum-stances.The suggestion is to revise Administrative Procedure Law.This can be constructed and per-fected through expansion of filing of administrative procedure,addition of types of plaintiff qualifica-tions,scientific division of evidence provision,establishment of fund for public interest litigation,re-duction and deferred payment of litigation fee.%建立我国行政公益诉讼制度

  18. 41 CFR 101-26.100-2 - Request for waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... be purchased locally at a lower price shall include the following information with each request...) relating to the purchase of products that are available at prices lower than the prices of identical...) Waiver requests based on determination that the GSA item is not of the requisite quality or will not...

  19. 48 CFR 711.002-70 - Metric system waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (SDB) will be obtained prior to... each fiscal year, each USAID/W procurement activity and each Mission will submit a copy of the metric waiver log for the year to the USAID Metric Executive. (Mission logs are to be consolidated in a Mission...

  20. 32 CFR 1285.6 - Fees and fee waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY MISCELLANEOUS DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 1285.6 Fees and fee waivers. The rules and... operational costs and may be used when the actual computer cost cannot be determined. ...

  1. 12 CFR 303.243 - Brokered deposit waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Brokered deposit waivers. 303.243 Section 303.243 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE FILING... brokered deposits in the institution's overall funding and liquidity management program; (3) The...

  2. 5 CFR 930.107 - Waiver of road test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waiver of road test. 930.107 Section 930.107 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS... his or her opinion it is impractical to apply it, and then only for an employee whose competence as...

  3. 45 CFR 1303.8 - Waiver of requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START..., spouse, parents, or siblings; (3) The complexity of the case is such that preparation of the necessary... beyond the control of the party requesting the waiver, such as strikes and natural disasters. (d) Under...

  4. 76 FR 78731 - Petition for Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-19

    ... February 10, 2011, Drake Switching Company, LLC (DSC) has petitioned the Federal Railroad Administration... contained at 49 CFR part 223. FRA assigned the petition Docket Number FRA-2011-0015. DSC seeks a waiver of... (Car Number SWX735), which is used as a locomotive. DSC states that this shuttlewagon is equipped...

  5. 10 CFR 490.805 - Application for waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Compliance § 490... the fleet for the waiver year including an estimate of per vehicle average fuel use in these vehicles..., Alternative Fuel Transportation Program, FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program, EE-2G/Forrestal...

  6. 75 FR 76780 - Petition for Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-09

    ... waiver of compliance for Locomotive Number 2013, from the requirements of the Railroad Safety Glazing... Safety Appliance Standards, Title 49 CFR part 231, where the vertical handholds do not meet current... Madison hilltop. The locomotive operates at 10 mph or less, moves one to three loads south, and then...

  7. 76 FR 68037 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Sudan Waiver Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-02

    ... Operations in Sudan and Imports from Burma, in the Federal Register at 74 FR 40463 on August 11, 2009... that conducts restricted business operations in Sudan. In addition, the waiver request must address any... prohibition on contracting with entities that conduct restricted business operations in Sudan. This rule...

  8. 76 FR 58560 - Petition for Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... CFR part 232, Brake System Safety Standards for Freight and Other Non- Passenger Trains and Equipment... owned passenger cars (PV), operated on National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak) trains (or other... system in freight trains. In addition, AAPRCO requests a waiver from the maintenance requirement of...

  9. 78 FR 25344 - Petition for a Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-30

    ... published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477). Issued in Washington, DC, on April 24, 2013. Robert C. Lauby... operations. NAUG asserts that if FRA were to grant this waiver, it will enable NAUG to generate funds for the..., DC 20590. The Docket Operations Facility is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday,...

  10. 40 CFR 57.802 - Request for waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., scientific literature and assessments required by appendix A. To the extent that the material consists of... incomplete application. (1) The Administrator, or a person designated by him to review applications for waivers, may advise the smelter owner in writing whenever he determines that additional information...

  11. 76 FR 50535 - Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to Lebanon

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to Lebanon Pursuant to Section 7086(c)(2) of the Department of State... respect to Lebanon and I hereby waive such restriction. This determination shall be reported to the...

  12. 78 FR 54952 - Petition for Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-06

    ... (FRA) for a waiver of compliance from certain provisions of the Federal railroad safety regulations contained at 49 CFR 229.81, Emergency Pole; shoe insulation. FRA assigned the petition Docket Number FRA-2003-16265. Title 49 CFR 229.81(b) requires that each locomotive equipped with third rail shoes...

  13. 75 FR 26841 - Petition for Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ... the petitioner's arguments in favor of relief. New Jersey Transit Corporation [Waiver Petition Docket Number FRA-2010-0082] The New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJT) has petitioned FRA for an alternate method... hearing in connection with these proceedings since the facts do not appear to warrant a hearing. If...

  14. 14 CFR 440.17 - Reciprocal waiver of claims requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... each of its contractors and subcontractors, each customer and each of the customer's contractors and..., and its customer shall enter into a three-party reciprocal waiver of claims agreement. The three-party..., or Appendix C of this part, for permitted activity, of this part or in a form that satisfies...

  15. 75 FR 12811 - Petition for Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-17

    ... Federal Railroad Administration Petition for Waiver of Compliance In accordance with part 211 of Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), notice is hereby given that the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA..., including verifying the integrity of underground cable connecting the solid-state interlocking to the...

  16. 14 CFR 380.67 - Waiver of sovereign immunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waiver of sovereign immunity. 380.67... sovereign immunity. By accepting an approved registration form under this subpart, an operator waives any right it may have to assert any defense of sovereign immunity from suit in any proceeding against it, in...

  17. 14 CFR 297.23 - Waiver of sovereign immunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waiver of sovereign immunity. 297.23... of sovereign immunity. By accepting an approval registration form under this part, a carrier waives any right it may possess to assert any defense of sovereign immunity from suit in any action or...

  18. Exploration on public interest maintenance issues in BOT project entire life cycle%BOT 项目全寿命期内公共利益维护问题的探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马继东; 吴俊洋

    2016-01-01

    简述了 BOT 模式的含义与特点,从项目准备、招投标、合同签订、项目建设、经营、移交等阶段,探讨了 BOT 项目全寿命周期内公共利益的维护措施,有利于实现社会福利最大化的目标。%This PaPer briefly described the meanings and characteristics of BOT mode,from the PreParation,Project bidding,contract signing, Project construction,oPeration,transition and other stage,discussed the maintenance measures of Public interest BOT Project entire life cycle,to achieve the goal of maximizing social welfare.

  19. PlR.org域名注册数达到1000万——Public Interest Registry的.org域名注册数达到1000万

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    弗吉尼亚州雷斯顿2012年7月12日电/美通社亚洲/一运营.ORG域名的非营利性企业Public Interest Registry(PIR)获得了第1000万个ORG注册域名JADFORUM.ORG,取得重要的里程碑式成果。该域名由The Jordan Riverand Dead Sea Basin Forum(简称JAD)注册于2012年6月24日,地址为GoDaddy。JAD致力于推动以色列、约旦和巴勒斯坦权力机构共有的约旦河流域与死海盆地的可持续和区域发展。

  20. Current Predicament of Participation in Environmental Civil Public Interest Litigation and Its Improvement Ways%ENGO参与环境民事公益诉讼的现实困境及完善径路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨昌彪

    2016-01-01

    Currently, ENGO participation in environmental civil public interest litigation is still at the conceptual level, and its de-sign intention remains yet to be achieved. ENGO is mainly faced with such internal difficulties as severe governmental intervention, its own imperfect organizational structure and lack of funding, and such external difficulties as high litigation costs, and evidentiary difficulties. Its internal difficulties can be solved by restoring ENGO’ s independence as a third sector, improving its corporate gov-ernance structure and strengthening the non-profit business activities to increase its own funds, etc.;its external difficulties can be settled by adjusting litigation fee payment rules, establishing the plaintiff’ s incentive system and improving the inversion of burden of proof system. All this contributes to realizing the purpose of public interest to protect the environment.%目前ENGO参与环境民事公益诉讼仍停留在理念层面,并未实现其制度设计初衷。 ENGO主要面临政府行政干预严重、组织机构不完善、自身经费匮乏的内部困境,以及诉讼成本高、举证困难等外部困境。通过恢复ENGO第三部门独立地位、完善其法人治理结构、强化非牟利型经营活动以增加ENGO自身经费等手段摆脱内部困境;通过调整诉讼费缴纳规则、建立原告胜诉奖励制度、完善举证责任倒置分配制度解决ENGO所面临的外部困境,实现保护环境公益的目的。

  1. 76 FR 19069 - Petition for Waiver From DaikinAC (Americas) Inc. and Granting of the Interim Waiver From the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-06

    .... Submit electronic comments in WordPerfect, Microsoft Word, Portable Document Format (PDF), or text... DOE's history of approving previous waiver requests from DACA and from several other manufacturers for..., Fujitsu General, Sanyo Fisher (USA) Corp, LG Electronics, Inc., and Quietside Corporation (Samsung...

  2. Informational pathologies and interest bubbles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent Fella; Wiewiura, Joachim Schmidt

    2017-01-01

    This article contends that certain configurations of information networks facilitate specific cognitive states that are instrumental for decision and action on social media. Group-related knowledge and belief states—in particular common knowledge and pluralistic ignorance—may enable strong public...... signals. Indeed, some network configurations and attitude states foster informational pathologies that may fuel interest bubbles affecting agenda-setting and the generation of narratives in public spheres....

  3. The Death of Selective Waiver: How New Federal Rule of Evidence 502 Ends the Nationalization Debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick M. Emery

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available New Federal Rule of Evidence 502 (“FRE 502” will end the threedecade push to nationalize a corporate litigation protection known as the “selective waiver doctrine.” First adopted by the Eighth Circuit in 1978, the selective waiver doctrine holds that, when a corporation discloses privileged materials to a government agency during an investigation, the corporation retains its privileges against third-party litigants—i.e., the corporation may selectively waive its attorney-client privilege (and in other circuits its attorney work product protection. This flies in the face of traditional waiver rules, under which a waiver of privilege to one’s adversary generally is a waiver to all adversaries on that subject matter. Based on years of frustration with discovery costs, fear of corporate fraud, and heavy burdens placed on administrative agencies, many legal scholars praised selective waiver as a cure for those ills. Recently, when the Advisory Committee on Evidence Rules met to discuss additions to the FRE, many called for the inclusion of a selective waiver provision. After much debate, the Advisory Committee determined that the selective waiver proposal for FRE 502 was too controversial. In its enacted form, FRE 502 does not contain a selective waiver provision.

  4. 76 FR 76812 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BARBARY GHOST; Invitation for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-08

    ... 0148] Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BARBARY GHOST; Invitation for... the vessel BARBARY GHOST is: Intended Commercial Use Of Vessel: ``Sightseeing tours in the...

  5. 行政诉讼原告资格问题研究——以主观公权利、法律上利益与反射利益作为视角的考察%The Research on Plaintiff Qualifications in Administrative Proceedings ——From the Perspective of the Difference between Subjective Public Rights,Legal Interests and Reflective Interests

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张汉然

    2012-01-01

    行政诉讼中原告资格的认定标准及发展走势与主观公权利、法律上利益和反射利益理论密切相关,司法实践中也以是否为主观公权利、反射利益作为认定原告资格的标尺。通过比较主观公权利、法律上利益与反射利益的区别,探求行政法保障公民权利及公民寻求权利救济之法理,可为我国当代行政诉讼原告资格的认定、发展脉络及立法的建构提供比较性检视。%Administrative litigation plaintiff qualification standard and its development trend are closely related with the theory of subjective public rights,legal interests and reflective interest.In judicial practice,subjective public rights and reflective interest have also been used for ruling the plaintiff qualification.By comparing the difference between the subjective public rights,legal interests and reflective interests,we want to discover the reason of citizens' seeking rights and how to protect citizens' rights through administrative law,and provide a comparative view for the administration litigation plaintiff qualification.

  6. 76 FR 17426 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Application for Waiver of Passport and/or Visa (Form I...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ... Waiver of Passport and/or Visa (Form I-193) AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Department... collection requirement concerning the Application for Waiver of Passport and/or Visa (Form I-193). This...: Title: Application for Waiver of Passport and/or Visa. OMB Number: 1651-0107. Form Number: CBP Form...

  7. 78 FR 18327 - Decision and Order Granting a Waiver to LG Electronics, Inc. From the Department of Energy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-26

    .... See 76 FR 71335 (November 17, 2011) (interim waiver) and 77 FR 5784 (February 6, 2012) (Decision and... of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Decision and Order Granting a Waiver to LG Electronics, Inc... grants to LG Electronics, Inc. (LG) a waiver from the DOE electric refrigerator and refrigerator-...

  8. 76 FR 59705 - Guidance for Industry on User Fee Waivers, Reductions, and Refunds for Drug and Biological...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry on User Fee Waivers, Reductions, and... industry entitled ``User Fee Waivers, Reductions, and Refunds for Drug and Biological Products.'' This... a guidance for industry entitled ``User Fee Waivers, Reductions, and Refunds for Drug and...

  9. Reverse Waiver and the Effects of Legal, Statutory, and Secondary Legal Factors on Sentencing Outcomes for Juvenile Offenders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burrow, John

    2008-01-01

    Over the past few decades, various forms of waiver have become increasingly used at the state level. Generally, the research literature has focused on three types of waiver: judicial, prosecutorial, and legislative. Reverse waiver, a fourth type, remains little studied. Moreover, little is known of the factors that judges consider when making the…

  10. "非公益必要不干扰"原则热的冷思考%Rational Considerations on the Boom of the Principle of Non-public Interest Need not Interfere

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁杰

    2015-01-01

    最近引发热议的"非公益必要不干扰"原则,来源于百度诉奇虎360不正当竞争纠纷一案的判决,由北京高院石必胜法官提出.2015年2月,最高院驳回了奇虎360的再审请求,并认可了"非公益必要不干扰"原则.而学界对于该原则仍提出了反对意见.从互联网行业中竞争的现状出发,分析该领域中出现的各种不正当竞争行为以及法院审理过程中遇到的困境,并探讨近些年互联网领域中不正当竞争行为的发展态势.根据整理的规制互联网领域不正当竞争的规章以及行业自律公约,讨论由《反不正当竞争法》第2条衍生出来的"非公益必要不干扰"原则,明晰公共利益和竞争秩序原则多发的原因,希冀能够实现互联网领域竞争的良性和可持续发展.%The hot Principle of Non-Public Interest Need not Interfere is proposed by the Judge Shibisheng in Beijing High Court from Baidu V. Qihu 360 unfair competition dispute case. In February 2015, The Supreme Court dismissed 360's retrial requirement, and approved the principle. But some scholars raised ob-jections for the principle. Based on the current situation and dilemma in the competition of the internet, the author analyses several kinds of the unfair competition and the dilemma in trial process, and discusses the trend of unfair competition in the field of internet. According to the regulation of the unfair competition and self-discipline convention in the field of internet, the principle derived from Article 2 in Anti-unfair Competi-tion Law is discussed. Finally, the author tries to clarify the public interest and the reason why principle of competition order appears more in the competition, and hopes to realize the sustainable and benign develop-ment.

  11. Study on Positioning of China' s Energy Network Utilities as State-Owned Enterprises of Public Interest%我国能源网络产业国有企业公益性质的定位研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周原冰; 张小军; 高国伟

    2012-01-01

    Based on the latest progress of the reform of state-owned enterprises (SOE) and the related literatures at home and abroad, this paper presents an in-depth analysis of the connotation and extension of the State-Owned Enterprise of Public Interest and it systematically summarizes the experience of the developed nation's management of the state-owned assets in terms of classified regulation, contract-signing of the public service, corporate governance standard and business operation. On this basis, the paper identifies the idea and logic of reform of China' s SOEs, analyzes the influences on the energy network company in performance assessment, coordinated regulation by government organs, future governance pattern of state-owned assets and development of the unregulated businesses of companies.%结合国有企业改革最新进展及国内外相关文献,深入分析了“具有公益性质国有企业”定位的内涵及外延,系统总结了发达国家对国有资产在分类监管、公共服务合同签订、公司治理要求、公司运营等方面的管理经验,厘清了新定位下我国国有企业的改革思路,并从绩效考核、政府机构协调监管、未来国资管理模式、企业非管制性业务发展4个方面分析了其对能源网络公用事业企业的影响。

  12. 77 FR 26818 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel FREE SPIRIT; Invitation for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ...As authorized by 46 U.S.C. 12121, the Secretary of Transportation, as represented by the Maritime Administration (MARAD), is authorized to grant waivers of the U.S.-build requirement of the coastwise laws under certain circumstances. A request for such a waiver has been received by MARAD. The vessel, and a brief description of the proposed service, is listed below.

  13. 29 CFR 575.8 - Secretary's conditions for employment under the waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Secretary's conditions for employment under the waiver. 575.8 Section 575.8 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS WAIVER OF CHILD LABOR PROVISIONS FOR AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT OF 10 AND 11...

  14. 29 CFR 575.7 - Statutory conditions for employment under the waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Statutory conditions for employment under the waiver. 575.7 Section 575.7 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS WAIVER OF CHILD LABOR PROVISIONS FOR AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT OF 10 AND 11 YEAR OLD MINORS IN...

  15. 29 CFR 575.9 - Failure to comply with the terms and conditions of the waiver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Failure to comply with the terms and conditions of the waiver. 575.9 Section 575.9 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS WAIVER OF CHILD LABOR PROVISIONS FOR AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT OF 10 AND...

  16. 75 FR 68394 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-05

    ... (BD) Program, or Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) concerns. DATES: This waiver is effective November... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  17. 76 FR 27372 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ...) Business Development (BD) Program, or Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) concerns. DATES: This waiver is... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  18. 48 CFR 1852.227-71 - Requests for waiver of rights to inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... rights to inventions. 1852.227-71 Section 1852.227-71 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL... Provisions and Clauses 1852.227-71 Requests for waiver of rights to inventions. As prescribed in 1827.30-70(c... Technology: Requests for Waiver of Rights to Inventions (APR 1984) (a) In accordance with the NASA Patent...

  19. Medicaid 1915(c) Home- and Community-Based Services Waivers for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velott, Diana L.; Agbese, Edeanya; Mandell, David; Stein, Bradley D.; Dick, Andrew W.; Yu, Hao; Leslie, Douglas L.

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to describe the characteristics of 1915(c) Home- and Community-Based Services waivers for children with autism spectrum disorder across states and over time. While increasingly popular, little is known about these Medicaid waivers. Understanding the characteristics of these programs is important to clinicians and policymakers in…

  20. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 284 - Overview of Waiver Application Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Overview of Waiver Application Process A Appendix A to Part 284 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF... ALLOWANCES Pt. 284, App. A Appendix A to Part 284—Overview of Waiver Application Process A. Standards...