WorldWideScience

Sample records for public including foreign

  1. Juvenile technologies in foreign publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shpagina E.M.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The article provides the review of foreign publications, concerning the juvenile technologies used in France, Canada, Germany and Switzerland. The paper presents legal, social and psychotherapeutic aspects of juvenile judiciary in foreign countries. The authors paid special attention to the complexity of approaches to young children and teenagers who found themselves in complicated life circumstances or got into trouble with the law. The article gives examples of using the following techniques: cognitive-behavioral intervention, mediation, family therapy (including family background and family history, relations theory, narrative practices, utilization of «emotional intelligence» resources.

  2. 31 CFR 103.51 - Dollars as including foreign currency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dollars as including foreign currency... RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING OF CURRENCY AND FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS General Provisions § 103.51 Dollars as including foreign currency. Wherever in this part an amount is stated in dollars, it shall be deemed to...

  3. "Foreign and Public Deficits in Greece: In Search of Causality"

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The paper discusses the trajectories of the Greek public deficit and sovereign debt over the last three decades and its connection to the political and economic environment of the same period. We pay special attention to the causality between the public and the foreign deficit. We argue that from 1980 to 1995 causality ran from the public deficit to the foreign deficit, but that due to the European monetary unification process and the adoption of the common currency, causality has reversed si...

  4. Personality Traits and Foreign Policy Attitudes in German Public Opinion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoen, Harald

    2007-01-01

    This article examines the effects of personality traits on attitudes toward foreign policy issues among the German public. Building on previous research, it argues that personality characteristics shape an individual's motivation, goals, and values, thereby providing criteria to evaluate external stimuli and affecting foreign policy opinions. An…

  5. Response of Foreign Private Investment to Public Debt in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emenike Kalu O.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The study investigates the long-term relationship and dynamic short-term impact of public debt on foreign private investment for a developing country – Nigeria during the period 1962 to 2012. The paper deploys cointegration model to examine long-term relationship between the variables. The study also examines dynamic short-term impact and causality between public debt and foreign private investment using the VECM and Granger causality test. The study further examines the response paths of foreign private investment variable due to public debts shocks using variance decomposition. The results confirm absence of long-term relationship between public debt and foreign private investment in Nigeria. The results also show that external debt has negative impact on foreign private investment in the short-term. Finally, the results show that there is no causality between foreign private investment and public debt. The major economic implication of these findings is for debt management authorities to be conscious of growing external debts as it discourages foreign private investments into Nigeria.

  6. Qualification Requirements for Foreign Suppliers in Public Procurement – Evidence from the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vyklický Martin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Qualification requirements for foreign suppliers in Public Procurement (PP are quite different in each European Union (EU member state. The most complex requirements for foreign suppliers in the context of public purchases are included in the Czech PP law. The aim of this paper is to make an overview of the problem of qualification requirements for foreign suppliers in the PP law of the CR. Its sub-objectives are the identification and explanation of solutions to the problem in the PP legislation of neighboring countries of the CR that are also members of the EU. The methodological part of the contribution is based mainly on the analysis and critical evaluation of the current state of legal issues relating to the proof of qualification of foreign suppliers in PP orders of the CR; with examples of fairly extensive decision-making practices of the Office for the Protection of Competition and law courts, including the jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice. The paper highlights the unnecessary complexity of qualification requirements that, on purely formal grounds, inhibits submissions of tenders from potential foreign suppliers that would otherwise be able to submit a bid for a public contract without any problems whatsoever. The authors are using and applying a comparative-legal method in the context of the comparison of the PP legislation of neighboring countries of the CR that are also members of the EU. The case study of foreign suppliers bidding for above-threshold public tenders in the CR at the minimum legal requirements of the contracting authority (CA for proof of qualification, the comparation study with selected EU countries or analysis of the development of the proportion of public contracts awarded to foreign suppliers in 2010–2014 shows that there is legislation uncertainty in EU PP law that should be reduced and simplified on an EC basis.

  7. 76 FR 68257 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-03

    ... Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Filed Under Subpart B... of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were filed under Subpart...

  8. 76 FR 35939 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-20

    ... for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Filed Under... Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were filed under Subpart...

  9. 77 FR 46146 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-02

    ... Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Filed Under Subpart B... Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were filed under Subpart B...

  10. 77 FR 39793 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Filed Under Subpart B... Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were filed under Subpart B...

  11. 76 FR 35938 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-20

    ... Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Filed Under Subpart B... Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were filed under Subpart B...

  12. 78 FR 20372 - Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-04

    ... Office of the Secretary Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits; Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier... Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were...

  13. 78 FR 75441 - Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... Office of the Secretary Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier... following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier...

  14. 78 FR 76701 - Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... Office of the Secretary Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier... following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier...

  15. 78 FR 25782 - Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-02

    ... Office of the Secretary Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier... Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were...

  16. 78 FR 68134 - Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... Office of the Secretary Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier... Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were...

  17. 78 FR 19354 - Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... Office of the Secretary Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier... Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were...

  18. 77 FR 21145 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-09

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2012 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air..., Inc. (``People Express'') requesting a certificate of public convenience and necessity...

  19. 75 FR 41564 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-16

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and... The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air.... requesting a certificate of public convenience and necessity to engage in foreign scheduled...

  20. 78 FR 63273 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and... Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Filed Under Subpart B... of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were filed under Subpart...

  1. 76 FR 68256 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-03

    ... for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Filed Under... Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were filed under Subpart B... Corporation (``JetBlue'') requesting a certificate of public convenience and necessity and requests...

  2. 75 FR 16226 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2010 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air.... requesting a certificate of public convenience and necessity to engage in foreign scheduled...

  3. 77 FR 31421 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and... The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  4. 77 FR 37732 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and... The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  5. 19 CFR 148.89 - Property of public international organizations and foreign governments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Property of public international organizations and... Personnel of Foreign Governments and International Organizations and Special Treatment for Returning Individuals § 148.89 Property of public international organizations and foreign governments. (a)...

  6. Restructuring the Public School Curriculum To Include Parenting Education Classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyree, Carolyn L.; And Others

    Although the current educational climate stresses a back-to-basics approach, there is nonetheless overwhelming evidence of a need for an appropriately structured parenting education program in the public school curriculum. Reasons for this need include the large number of teenage pregnancies and abortions. These lead teens to miss high school…

  7. Balance sheet effects, foreign reserves and public policies

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, Gong

    2014-01-01

    Based on a theoretical model, this paper shows that foreign reserves are useful for a country to enhance the resilience of its domestic economy against balance sheet effects in the context of external financing strains. Using foreign reserves, the government can either lend in foreign currency to the private sector or conduct expenditure-switching policy to increase fiscal spending on domestic goods. Both policies cam remove the bad equilibrium represented by a large depreciation of the domes...

  8. Comparison of Chinese and Foreign Urban Public Security Treatment Mechanisms and Analysis of Policy References

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Xuejun; Zhang Mingyu

    2007-01-01

    From the viewpoint of disaster prevention in the urban areas, this paper analyzes the value of urban public security system, selects typical cases to make a comparison of Chinese and foreign public security treatment mechanisms, and makes systematic summarization of the Chinese and foreign historic experiences. Then, the paper puts forward some designs on structure of the Chinese urban public security system structure. This paper is of the opinion that at present the management of urban public security concerning unexpected incidents should be strengthened. The effective way is to set up the sound urban public security system, urban public security mechanism and related laws and regulations.

  9. Community Assessment Tool for Public Health Emergencies Including Pandemic Influenza

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    ORAU' s Oak Ridge Institute for Science Education (HCTT-CHE)

    2011-04-14

    The Community Assessment Tool (CAT) for Public Health Emergencies Including Pandemic Influenza (hereafter referred to as the CAT) was developed as a result of feedback received from several communities. These communities participated in workshops focused on influenza pandemic planning and response. The 2008 through 2011 workshops were sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Feedback during those workshops indicated the need for a tool that a community can use to assess its readiness for a disaster - readiness from a total healthcare perspective, not just hospitals, but the whole healthcare system. The CAT intends to do just that - help strengthen existing preparedness plans by allowing the healthcare system and other agencies to work together during an influenza pandemic. It helps reveal each core agency partners (sectors) capabilities and resources, and highlights cases of the same vendors being used for resource supplies (e.g., personal protective equipment [PPE] and oxygen) by the partners (e.g., public health departments, clinics, or hospitals). The CAT also addresses gaps in the community's capabilities or potential shortages in resources. This tool has been reviewed by a variety of key subject matter experts from federal, state, and local agencies and organizations. It also has been piloted with various communities that consist of different population sizes, to include large urban to small rural communities.

  10. FISCAL POLICY INSTRUMENTS OF STABILIZATION OF PUBLIC FINANCES IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Zaichykova

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with topical issues to use the experience of foreign countries on measures of fiscal policy in reducing the public deficit, streamlining expenditure in terms of financial instability.

  11. Confession and Carrying into Execution of Foreign Arbitration Courts' Decisions: Reciprocity and Public Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarina, Salima A.; Nukusheva, Aigul A.; Kalmagambetov, Kassym S.; Kumysbekova, Zhanara T.; Nesterova, Elena V.

    2016-01-01

    The article contains a comparative analysis of foreign arbitration courts' decisions, ensuring the reciprocity and public policy. The aim of the study is to explore such aspects as reciprocity and public policy of arbitration courts. The result is the view of the public policy, despite its apparent irrelevance in today's Kazakhstan, which is of…

  12. 77 FR 54944 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2012 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air.... (``KaiserAir'') requesting an amended certificate of public convenience and necessity authorizing it...

  13. 76 FR 10085 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2011 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air... Airlines, Inc., d/b/a Alpha Cargo, and for reissuance of its certificate of public convenience...

  14. 76 FR 20435 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity... March 5, 2011. The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity...

  15. 77 FR 54945 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2012 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air... transfer of its certificates of public convenience and necessity to facilitate the reorganization of...

  16. 77 FR 49478 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-16

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2012 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air.../a Transair requesting a certificate of public convenience and necessity authorizing it to engage...

  17. Community Assessment Tool for Public Health Emergencies Including Pandemic Influenza

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    HCTT-CHE

    2011-04-14

    The Community Assessment Tool (CAT) for Public Health Emergencies Including Pandemic Influenza (hereafter referred to as the CAT) was developed as a result of feedback received from several communities. These communities participated in workshops focused on influenza pandemic planning and response. The 2008 through 2011 workshops were sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Feedback during those workshops indicated the need for a tool that a community can use to assess its readiness for a disaster—readiness from a total healthcare perspective, not just hospitals, but the whole healthcare system. The CAT intends to do just that—help strengthen existing preparedness plans by allowing the healthcare system and other agencies to work together during an influenza pandemic. It helps reveal each core agency partners' (sectors) capabilities and resources, and highlights cases of the same vendors being used for resource supplies (e.g., personal protective equipment [PPE] and oxygen) by the partners (e.g., public health departments, clinics, or hospitals). The CAT also addresses gaps in the community's capabilities or potential shortages in resources. While the purpose of the CAT is to further prepare the community for an influenza pandemic, its framework is an extension of the traditional all-hazards approach to planning and preparedness. As such, the information gathered by the tool is useful in preparation for most widespread public health emergencies. This tool is primarily intended for use by those involved in healthcare emergency preparedness (e.g., community planners, community disaster preparedness coordinators, 9-1-1 directors, hospital emergency preparedness coordinators). It is divided into sections based on the core agency partners, which may be involved in the community's influenza pandemic influenza response.

  18. 77 FR 70208 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2012 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  19. 76 FR 27167 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2011 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  20. 78 FR 45011 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-25

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2013 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air... convenience and necessity in the name of ``ENDEAVOR AIR, INC.''. Barbara J. Hairston, Acting Program...

  1. 77 FR 27832 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2012 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  2. 78 FR 56984 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2013 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  3. 77 FR 67731 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2012 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  4. 77 FR 13682 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2012 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  5. 76 FR 10084 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2011 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  6. 76 FR 70210 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2011 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  7. 75 FR 22891 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2010 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  8. 77 FR 47691 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2012 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  9. 76 FR 72025 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2011 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  10. 77 FR 27833 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2012 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  11. 76 FR 13444 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., 2011 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign...

  12. Investigating Foreign Language Learning Anxiety among Students Learning English in a Public Sector University, Pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gopang, Illahi Bux; Bughio, Faraz Ali; Pathan, Habibullah

    2015-01-01

    The present study investigated foreign language anxiety among students of Lasbela University, Baluchistan, Pakistan. The study adopted the Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (Horwitz et al., 1986). The respondents were (N = 240) including 26 female and 214 male. The data was run through the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS)…

  13. A Comparative Study on New Media Marketing in Domestic and Foreign Public Libraries

    OpenAIRE

    Xu Yan

    2017-01-01

    Currently, new media has become the popular platform for brand marketing and services promoting of public libraries. Using the method of online survey, literature analysis and comparative analysis, this paper chooses 4 foreign public libraries and 4 domestic public libraries as the research samples and compares the differences in new media marketing between them from new media marketing tools, marketing content and marketing strategies, then makes some proposals and measures to perfect domest...

  14. Unpacking the Public Trust Doctrine: A Journey into Foreign Territory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E van der Schyff

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The past decade has borne witness to the transformation of South Africa's natural resources law with the introduction of a new legal concept, that of "public trusteeship", to South African jurisprudence. The concept of "public trusteeship" as it is embodied in South African legislation encapsulates the sovereign's duty to act as guardian of certain interests to the benefit of the nation as a whole. In the quest to demystify the incorporation of the concept of "public trusteeship" in South Africa, this article, as a first tentative step, focuses solely on the public trust doctrine as it functions in American jurisprudence. It is the aim of this article to give a thorough theoretical exposition of the development and application of the public trust doctrine in American jurisprudence in order to provide the South African scholar with a perspective on a legal construct founded on the philosophical notion that governments exercise a "fiduciary trust" on behalf of their people.

  15. Why education in public schools should include religious ideals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Ruyter, D.J.; Merry, M.S.

    2009-01-01

    This article aims to open a new line of debate about religion in public schools by focusing on religious ideals. The article begins with an elucidation of the concept ‘religious ideals’ and an explanation of the notion of reasonable pluralism, in order to be able to explore the dangers and positive

  16. Sovereign wealth funds – public investment vehicles, foreign policy element. Comparative evolution in the international context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doina Drăniceanu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sovereign funds are an important actor occurring on international financial markets in the last decade, being, in fact, state controlled international investments. Generally, they are financed from foreign currency reserves of the emergent countries they are constituted in, being managed apart of the official reserves and used for external expansion; they are likely to be detrimental to certain strategic interests. As public financial vehicles, they own, endorse or manage public funds of some emergent countries, freely invested by them in a great number of assets, being seen as a foreign policy element.

  17. Foreign Direct Investment and Public Sector Management and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    corruption are vital for public and private sectors to work together towards poverty alleviation. .... governance and institutional capacity among low incoms countries in SSA ...... Ownership concentration and corporate performance: A causal.

  18. Role of sign language in intellectual and social development of deaf children: Review of foreign publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khokhlova A. Yu.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article provides an overview of foreign psychological publications concerning the sign language as a means of communication in deaf people. The article addresses the question of sing language's impact on cognitive development, efficiency and positive way of interacting with parents as well as academic achievement increase in deaf children.

  19. News framing and public support for a common foreign and security policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vreese, C.H.; Kandyla, A.

    2009-01-01

    Abstract A common EU foreign and security policy (CFSP) can be framed by elites and media as a risk or as an opportunity. This article examines the effects of framing in terms of ‘risk’ and ‘opportunity’ on public support. Moreover, we examine first whether the effect of framing CFSP as a ‘risk for

  20. Including the public in pandemic planning: a deliberative approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Braunack-Mayer Annette J

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Against a background of pandemic threat posed by SARS and avian H5N1 influenza, this study used deliberative forums to elucidate informed community perspectives on aspects of pandemic planning. Methods Two deliberative forums were carried out with members of the South Australian community. The forums were supported by a qualitative study with adults and youths, systematic reviews of the literature and the involvement of an extended group of academic experts and policy makers. The forum discussions were recorded with simultaneous transcription and analysed thematically. Results Participants allocated scarce resources of antiviral drugs and pandemic vaccine based on a desire to preserve society function in a time of crisis. Participants were divided on the acceptability of social distancing and quarantine measures. However, should such measures be adopted, they thought that reasonable financial, household and psychological support was essential. In addition, provided such support was present, the participants, in general, were willing to impose strict sanctions on those who violated quarantine and social distancing measures. Conclusions The recommendations from the forums suggest that the implementation of pandemic plans in a severe pandemic will be challenging, but not impossible. Implementation may be more successful if the public is engaged in pandemic planning before a pandemic, effective communication of key points is practiced before and during a pandemic and if judicious use is made of supportive measures to assist those in quarantine or affected by social isolation measures.

  1. A Comparative Study on New Media Marketing in Domestic and Foreign Public Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Yan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Currently, new media has become the popular platform for brand marketing and services promoting of public libraries. Using the method of online survey, literature analysis and comparative analysis, this paper chooses 4 foreign public libraries and 4 domestic public libraries as the research samples and compares the differences in new media marketing between them from new media marketing tools, marketing content and marketing strategies, then makes some proposals and measures to perfect domestic public libraries’ new media marketing, so as to provide references to improve the libraries’ social awareness and benefits.

  2. Learners’ Perceptions and Undergraduate Foreign Language Courses at a Colombian Public University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Clara Sánchez Solarte

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This article reports the results of a study whose goal was to determine the views of undergraduate students regarding the English as a foreign language courses they must take as a requirement for graduation at a public university in Colombia. One hundred and thirty students from 10 undergraduate programs were surveyed and their responses were classified and analyzed. The findings indicate that learners are satisfied with the way foreign language courses are currently conducted. However, some aspects need further consideration and improvement. These suggestions are analyzed in this article.

  3. Including public perspectives in industrial biotechnology and the biobased economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paula, Lino; Birrer, Frans

    2006-01-01

    Industrial ("white") biotechnology promises to contribute to a more sustainable future. Compared to current production processes, cases have been identified where industrial biotechnology can decrease the amount of energy and raw materials used to make products and also reduce the amount of emissions and waste produced during production. However, switching from products based on chemical production processes and fossil fuels towards "biobased" products is at present not necessarily economically viable. This is especially true for bulk products, for example ethanol production from biomass. Therefore, scientists are also turning to genetic modification as a means to develop organisms that can produce at lower costs. These include not only micro-organisms, but also organisms used in agriculture for food and feed. The use of genetic modification for "deliberate release" purposes, in particular, has met great opposition in Europe. Many industrial biotechnology applications may, due to their scale, entail deliberate releases of GM organisms. Thus, the biobased economy brings back a familiar question; is it ethically justifiable, and acceptable to citizens, to expose the environment and society to the risks associated with GM, in order to protect that same environment and to sustain our affluent way of life? For a successful innovation towards a biobased economy, its proponents, especially producers, need to take into account (take responsibility for) such issues when developing new products and processes. These issues, and how scientists can interact with citizens about them in a timely way, are further explored in projects at Delft University and Leiden University, also in collaboration with Utrecht University.

  4. A class of chemical pinning centers including two elements foreign to HTS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weinstein, Roy; Sawh, Ravi-Persad

    2003-01-01

    Very small deposits are formed when two foreign elements, A and B, are added to textured (RE)BCO. These deposits increase the J{sub c} of samples and hence the maximum trapped field. Deposit sizes are generally in the range 200-400 nm. Their chemical composition is (A{sub x},B{sub y})(RE)Ba{sub 2}O{sub 6}, where x+y=1 and x=y{+-}0.1. Their structure is double perovskite. The deposits produce two types of pinning, one by refinement (e.g., of the Y211 phase) and the other due to the double perovskite deposits themselves. In those cases tested, the refinement increases J{sub c} by factors exceeding 1.33, and the deposits increase J{sub c} by factors exceeding 2, for a total increase by a factor exceeding 2.66. Element A can be U, W or Mo. Element B can be Pt or Zr. We speculate on possible additional elements in classes A and B.

  5. The effect of public intervention on global competitiveness and foreign direct investment: The case of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coşkun Karaca

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, competitive power has become an important indicator of success in international area. In order to become an important actor in global level, it is possible for the countries to use their political apparatus and to increase the number of the industries with high added value in the market via directive policies. Accordingly, foreign direct investments, which have high technology and innovation qualification, are encouraged by the countries to invest in their territory. In this study; it is tried to measure the effects of the public interference, carried out in 28 countries between 1996 and 2011, on foreign direct investments and competitive power of the countries by using panel data analysis. The results of the study showed that educational level and research development capacity encourages foreign direct investment inputs, on the contrary high levels of tax rate prevents these investments. Besides, some findings have been reached which indicates that present foreign direct investments operating in the country has a positive effect on competitive power.

  6. An Analysis of Cultural Values of Chinese and Foreign Cities’Publicity Videos

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHAN Meng-chen

    2015-01-01

    The trend of globalization has a profound impact on the development of the whole world, and there are a lot of events held by several countries. The publicity videos have become a significant tool to disseminate connotation of the city and to attract people all over the world. At the same time, videos also show us different cultural values between China and foreign countries. To analyse different cultural values, the importance of intercultural communication will be deeply understood, and it will be help⁃ful for promoting China’s cultural soft power.

  7. Performance Analysis of Foreign Loans in Directorate General of Highways Ministry of Public Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunik Eva Sarlina

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Provision of road infrastructure does, efficiently and effectively, have an effect on economy increase in a region. The limited ability of the government in the provision of funding for the road infrastructure requires the handling on the organizers of the roads, it also needs efforts to look for funding resources outside the APBN as a resource of funds for foreign loans. This study aims to know the process of foreign loans, the characteristics of each foreign loan, and the loan implementation performance in Directorate General of Highways, Ministry of Public Works. The research was using the qualitative descriptive methods focusing on thorough depiction of form, function, and meaning of prohibition; data collection was done by collecting the entire loan process from the preparation phase to the implementation phase through interviewing and documentation literature. The document consists of the loan agreement document, documents monthly reports and annual reports, lender regulations, legal regulations of the Republic of Indonesia, photo documentation and archives. The result showed that the scoring of performance, multilateral loan is better than bilateral loan. This is evidenced by higher score for multilateral loan than bilateral loan. Particularly in terms of regulations, the multilateral loan having score 15, it was because the lender adjusts by existing regulations in Indonesia, while bilateral loan having score 13. Furthermore, from the aspect of financial benefits, bilateral loan have score of 41 and is more advantageous than the multilateral loan which score is 29.

  8. Including non-public data and studies in systematic reviews and systematic maps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddaway, Neal R; Collins, Alexandra M; Coughlin, Deborah; Kohl, Christian

    2017-02-01

    Systematic reviews and maps should be based on the best available evidence, and reviewers should make all reasonable efforts to source and include potentially relevant studies. However, reviewers may not be able to consider all existing evidence, since some data and studies may not be publicly available. Including non-public studies in reviews provides a valuable opportunity to increase systematic review/map comprehensiveness, potentially mitigating negative impacts of publication bias. Studies may be non-public for many reasons: some may still be in the process of being published (publication can take a long time); some may not be published due to author/publisher restrictions; publication bias may make it difficult to publish non-significant or negative results. Here, we consider what forms these non-public studies may take and the implications of including them in systematic reviews and maps. Reviewers should carefully consider the advantages and disadvantages of including non-public studies, weighing risks of bias against benefits of increased comprehensiveness. As with all systematic reviews and maps, reviewers must be transparent about methods used to obtain data and avoid risks of bias in their synthesis. We make tentative suggestions for reviewers in situations where non-public data may be present in an evidence base.

  9. Foreign Direct Investment: diagnosis and proposals for a public policy agenda for Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milton de Abreu Campanário

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The research analyses the viability to adopt policies to enhance Brazilian Foreign Direct Investment FDI. Based on statistical data and on literature review, the policy agenda frames the underling questions surrounding FDI. There is not yet a theoretical framework to deal with emergent countries economic outward FDI. There exist strong evidences that capital flows through FDI generate externalities in the following domains: macroeconomic, international trade, and microeconomic (in themes closed related to industrial organization and innovation. The theoretical proposition has its grounds in the conception that international capital flows are absolutely compatible in the following contexts: monetary, commercial, industrial organization and innovation policies. A better positioning of national enterprises internationally may result in growing partnership within the foreign environment. Brazil has not yet a set of policies to deal with inward and outward Brazilian FDI flows, without necessarily jeopardizing macroeconomic policy and the related monetary and currency stabilization goals. Summing up, it is contended that FDI stimulus by means of public policies may contribute not just to a better competitiveness and innovation of Brazilian enterprises but also to assure balanced growing and economic structural change.

  10. FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT: DIAGNOSIS AND PROPOSALS FOR A BRAZILIAN PUBLIC POLICY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milton de Abreu Campanario

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The text is the part of public policy of a larger research project on Brazilian Outward ForeignDirect Investment - OFDI. The text analyses the viability to adopt policies to enhance FDI,particularly outward. Based on statistical data and on literature review, the policy agenda framesthe underling questions surrounding the theme. There is not yet a theoretical framework to dealwith emergent countries’ FDI and related policies. There exist strong evidences that capital flowsthrough FDI generate externalities in the following domains: macroeconomics, microeconomicsand foreign relations particularly in areas related to industrial organization and innovation. Thetheoretical proposition is that international capital flows are compatible to monetary stability,commercial openness, investment promotion and industrial innovation policies. A betterpositioning of national enterprises internationally may result in growing partnership within theforeign environment. Brazil has not a set of policies to deal with inward and outward BrazilianFDI flows. These policies do not necessarily jeopardize macroeconomic policy and the relatedmonetary and currency stabilization goals. It contends that FDI stimulus by means of publicpolicies may contribute not just to a better competitiveness and innovation of Brazilianenterprises, but also assure a balanced growing and economic structural change.

  11. Specialist English as a foreign language for European public health: evaluation of competencies and needs among Polish and Lithuanian students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumskas, Linas; Czabanowska, Katarzyna; Bruneviciūte, Raimonda; Kregzdyte, Rima; Krikstaponyte, Zita; Ziomkiewicz, Anna

    2010-01-01

    Foreign languages are becoming an essential prerequisite for a successful carrier among all professions including public health professionals in many countries. The expanding role of English as a mode of communication allows for university graduates to project and to seek their career in English-speaking countries. The present study was carried out in the framework of EU Leonardo da Vinci project "Specialist English as a foreign language for European public health." The study aimed to get a deeper insight how the English language is perceived as a foreign language, by Polish and Lithuanian public health students, what is level of their language competence, which level of English proficiency they expect to use in future. MATERIAL AND METHODS. A total of 246 respondents completed the special questionnaires in autumn semester in 2005. A questionnaire form was developed by the international project team. For evaluation of English competences, the Language Passport (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages of Council of Europe) was applied. RESULTS. Current self-rated proficiency of the English language was at the same level for Lithuanian (3.47+/-1.14) and Polish (3.31+/-0.83) respondents (P>0.05). Majority of respondents (88.6% of Lithuanian and 87.8% of Polish) reported using the English language for their current studies. Respondents reported a significant increase in necessity for higher level of English proficiency in future: mean scores provided by respondents changed from B1 level to B2 level. Respondents gave priority to less formal and practice-based interactive English teaching methods (going abroad, contacts with native speakers) in comparison with theory-oriented methods of learning (self-studying, Internet courses). CONCLUSIONS. Similar levels of English language in all five areas of language skills were established in Polish and Lithuanian university students. Respondents gave more priorities to less formal and practice-based interactive

  12. 75 FR 47675 - Request for Public Comments To Compile the National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... foreign country's markets; (10) Trade restrictions affecting electronic commerce (e.g., tariff and non... separate cover letters to electronic submissions; rather, include any information that might appear in...

  13. Foreign Language Framework for California Public Schools: Kindergarten through Grade Twelve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klingensmith, Robert, Ed.

    This framework provides guidelines for use in planning, implementing, and evaluating foreign language instruction. The emphasis is on the following topics: (1) goals, benefits, and rationale of foreign language study; (2) the need for foreign language learning as a catalyst for human interaction in a multicultural society; (3) organizational…

  14. Analysis of Pause Occurrence in Three Kinds of Modified Speech: Public Address, Caretaker Talk, and Foreigner Talk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osada, Nobuko

    2003-01-01

    Analyzes the occurrence of silent pauses n monologues, especially in modified speech, such as in public address, caretaker talk, and foreigner talk. Discusses speech rate, articulation rate, pause unit length, individual pause length, and pause percentage to overall speech time. (Author/VWL)

  15. Interaction between public enterprises and foreign institutions in the improvement of territories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergienko Vitaly, Yu.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Beautification problems of urban areas are crucial and urgent issues of modern urban planning and image of the region as they provide vision and social objectives of creating a favorable living environment to ensure the most favorable conditions for activities of the population. The level of Buildings - one of the indicators of the living environment quality of the population and purposeful activity on formation of supportive and comfortable living environment of the population is the essence of the state of urban policy. This paper discusses the interaction of public enterprises with foreign institutions in the process of improvement of the region as a factor of improvement and modernization of its infrastructure with the aim of finding effective and constructive balance of interests. The mechanism of interaction of public enterprises with the business community, external institutions, and not commercial organizations in the creation of image region is considered. To optimize the social and economic processes in the field of improvement of urban areas and improve the effectiveness of local governments a systematic approach is required for the territory development as much as possible taking into account the specialization of its unique resource and market potential, as well as the joint efforts of various communities, which are the essential importance of social strata of the population.

  16. Foreign Banks: Trends and Impact

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Claessens, S.; van Horen, N.

    2014-01-01

    Over the past two decades, foreign banks have become much more important in domestic financial intermediation, heightening the need to understand their behavior. We introduce a new, comprehensive database, made publicly available, on bank ownership (including the home country of foreign banks) for 5

  17. Communication barriers in counselling foreign-language patients in public pharmacies: threats to patient safety?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwappach, David L B; Meyer Massetti, Carla; Gehring, Katrin

    2012-10-01

    Foreign-language (FL) patients are at increased risk for adverse drug events. Evidence regarding communication barriers and the safety of pharmaceutical care of FL patients in European countries is scarce despite large migrant populations. To investigate Swiss public pharmacists' experiences and current practices in counselling FL patients with a focus on patient safety. In a cross-sectional study heads of public pharmacies in Switzerland were surveyed using an electronic questionnaire. The survey assessed the frequency of communication barriers encountered in medication counselling of FL patients, perceptions of risks for adverse drug events, satisfaction with the quality of counselling provided to FL patients, current strategies to reduce risks, and preferences towards tools to improve safety for FL patients. 498 pharmacists completed the survey (43 % response rate). More than every second pharmacist reported at least weekly encounters at which they cannot provide good medication counselling to FL patients in the regional Swiss language. Ad-hoc interpreting by minors is also common at a considerable number of pharmacies (26.5 % reported at least one weekly occurrence). Approximately 10 % of pharmacies reported that they fail at least weekly to explain the essentials of drug therapy (e.g. dosing of children's medications) to FL patients. 79.8 % perceived the risk of FL patients for adverse drug events to be somewhat or much higher compared to other patients. 22.5 % of pharmacists reported being concerned at least monthly about medication safety when FL patients leave their pharmacy. However, the majority of pharmacists were satisfied with the quality of care provided to FL patients in their pharmacy [78.6 % (very) satisfied]. The main strategy used to improve counselling for FL patients was the employment of multilingual staff. Participants would use software for printing foreign-language labels (41.2 %) and multilingual package inserts (42.0 %) if these were

  18. Learning Indicators of a Foreign Language in Spanish Public University. Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cáceres-Lorenzo, M-Teresa; Salas-Pascual, Marcos; Afonzo-de-Tovar, Isabel-Cristina; Vera-Cazorla, M-Jesús; Santana-Alvarado, Yaiza; Santana-Quintana, Cristina

    2017-01-01

    This article investigates 292 postgraduate students of the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain), through a Likert-scale questionnaire. This inquiry was about private, educational actions and learning valuation of a foreign language and its relation with the learning of one or several foreign languages. The analysis of…

  19. 41 CFR 102-38.140 - What must we include in the public notice on sale of personal property?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 38-SALE OF PERSONAL PROPERTY Sales Process Advertising § 102-38.140 What must we include in the public notice on sale of personal property? In the public notice, you must provide... the public notice on sale of personal property? 102-38.140 Section 102-38.140 Public Contracts and...

  20. 76 FR 54524 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and... August 20, 2011 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and..., Inc. (``Universal'') requesting a certificate of public convenience and necessity...

  1. 76 FR 10429 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and... February 12, 2011 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and... certificate of public convenience and necessity authorizing interstate charter air transportation....

  2. The need to include obstetric nurses in prenatal care visits in the public health system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selma Aparecida Lagrosa Garcia

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To investigate, with a qualitative approach, the role of Obstetric Nurses at the primary level of care given to women’s health as a vital component of the multidisciplinary team, which today is fundamental for providing care, prevention as well as health education and promotion, especially in programs whose activities are geared towards primary care of pregnant, parturient, and puerpera women. Methods: Brazilian laws and the determinations of Nursing Councils in reference to the activities of the obstetric nurse were researched, including the nurse’s responsibilities and limits. The bibliographic search was conducted in health-related journals, lay publications, and the Internet. Results: The conflicts between professional physicians and nurses were discussed. Conclusions: It was concluded that the activities of the nurse, conducting low-risk prenatal clinical visits in the basic healthcare network, has legal and ethical support and provides true benefit to the clients.

  3. Discrimination against Students with Foreign Backgrounds: Evidence from Grading in Swedish Public High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinnerich, Bjorn Tyrefors; Höglin, Erik; Johannesson, Magnus

    2015-01-01

    We rigorously test for discrimination against students with foreign backgrounds in high school grading in Sweden. We analyse a random sample of national tests in the Swedish language graded both non-blindly by the student's own teacher and blindly without any identifying information. The increase in the test score due to non-blind grading is…

  4. 77 FR 68196 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-15

    ...) transportation authorized by any additional route rights made available to European Union carriers in the future... the open skies, U.S.-European Union (``EU'') Air Transport Agreement, to provide: (i) Foreign... State of the European Union, via any point or points in any Member State and via any intermediate...

  5. Discrimination against Students with Foreign Backgrounds: Evidence from Grading in Swedish Public High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinnerich, Bjorn Tyrefors; Höglin, Erik; Johannesson, Magnus

    2015-01-01

    We rigorously test for discrimination against students with foreign backgrounds in high school grading in Sweden. We analyse a random sample of national tests in the Swedish language graded both non-blindly by the student's own teacher and blindly without any identifying information. The increase in the test score due to non-blind grading is…

  6. Including Public Health Content in a Bioethics and Law Course: Vaccine Exemptions, Tort Liability, and Public Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crossley, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Incorporating public health content in a bioethics and law course can prompt rich discussions. This set of materials on mandatory vaccinations, nonmedical exemptions, and potential tort liability for nonvaccination explores the roles of public health law and tort law in advancing social goals and protecting individual rights and interests. © 2015 American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Inc.

  7. A STUDY OF CHINESE YUAN (RMB APPRECIATION ACCOMPANYING WITH OTHERS FACTORS INCLUDING FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT (FDI AND THEIR EFFECT ON CHINA ECONOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping-fu (Brian LAI

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The Chinese Yuan (RMB has been on the trend of appreciation over the last decade, and such a trend will likely be continuing for some years over the next decade. According to some scholars in their published literatures, the appreciation of RMB, the influx of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI has been ongoing accompanying the sustained growing economy in mainland China over the past decade. It is believed that the China economy has an implication from some significant factors including appreciation of RMB, interest rate of RMB, inflation and continuous increase of FDI for the next several years. The present study aims to provide an emphasis on investigation into effect on China economy as a result of appreciation of RMB and FDI together with some other factors, and to provide an outlook on the economy in China for the coming decades. First, a review was carried on relevant background information and development history of RMB and FDI. There are many reasons and factors behind leading to the sustained growth in the economy in China in the last decade and such effects were in coverage in the literature review. An overview of the development of RMB exchange mechanism, and other variables including (1 RMB exchange rate, (2 China interest rate, (3 Foreign Direct Investment (FDI, (4 Trade Balance of China, (5 Annual Inflation rate in China, (6 Energy Consumption in China, (7 Foreign Exchange Reserve in China, (8 China wages, (9 China External Debt and (10 China Consumer Price Index, which may have effect on the growth of the economy in China is covered in the literature review conducted in Chapter 2.

  8. Public Management and Administration Studies. Should we Include Marketind in Our Curricula?

    OpenAIRE

    José L. VÁZQUEZ; Dan LAZAR; Gutiérrez, Pablo; José L. PLACER

    2006-01-01

    As a consequence of continuous adaptation of public institutions to requirements of framing where they perform day by day, Public Management and Administration is behaving once and again as a “reinvented” discipline, aiming a new kind of rational, innovative public entities that focus their activities towards an effective achievement of their intended results and benefits. Concepts such as those of “efficiency”, “effectiveness”, “responsibility”, “organizational culture”, etc. are now not onl...

  9. 76 FR 33400 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and... May 14, 2011 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity...

  10. 76 FR 42762 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and... June 25, 2011 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity...

  11. 77 FR 59243 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and... September 1, 2012 The following Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity...

  12. Public Management and Administration Studies. Should we Include Marketind in Our Curricula?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José L. VÁZQUEZ

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available As a consequence of continuous adaptation of public institutions to requirements of framing where they perform day by day, Public Management and Administration is behaving once and again as a “reinvented” discipline, aiming a new kind of rational, innovative public entities that focus their activities towards an effective achievement of their intended results and benefits. Concepts such as those of “efficiency”, “effectiveness”, “responsibility”, “organizational culture”, etc. are now not only applied to business disciplines, but also to Public Management and Administration. At this point, Marketing has proved to be an useful subject in PMA curricula, not only being in demand by students and syllabi designers, but also by experts in the public field. However, applying marketing techniques and procedures in the same way as used in private business is clearly nonsense. We must consider a proper “public marketing” or “public sector marketing” development. In this paper we debate on these issues, as well as present an overview into the situation of Spanish public universities offering PMA studies, just when they are facing the Bologna adaptation requirements. As a conclusion, some comments for reflection are suggested.

  13. Including public-health benefits of trees in urban-forestry decision making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geoffrey H. Donovan

    2017-01-01

    Research demonstrating the biophysical benefits of urban trees are often used to justify investments in urban forestry. Far less emphasis, however, is placed on the non-bio-physical benefits such as improvements in public health. Indeed, the public-health benefits of trees may be significantly larger than the biophysical benefits, and, therefore, failure to account for...

  14. 78 FR 77096 - Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices in the Southwestern Region, Which Includes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... Forest Service Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices in the Southwestern Region, Which.... SUMMARY: This notice lists the newspapers that will be used by all Ranger Districts, Grasslands, Forests... public which newspapers the Forest Service will use to publish notices of proposed actions, notices of...

  15. 77 FR 73412 - Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices in the Southwestern Region, Which Includes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... Forest Service Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices in the Southwestern Region, Which.... SUMMARY: This notice lists the newspapers that will be used by all Ranger Districts, Grasslands, Forests... public which newspapers the Forest Service will use to publish notices of proposed actions and notices of...

  16. Data-driven public transport ridership prediction approach including comfort aspects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Oort, N.; Drost, M.; Brands, T.; Yap, M.

    2015-01-01

    The most important aspects on which passengers base their choice whether to travel by public transport are the perceived travel time, costs, reliability and comfort. Despite its importance, comfort is often not explicitly considered when predicting demand for public transport. In this paper, we incl

  17. Data-driven public transport ridership prediction approach including comfort aspects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Oort, N.; Drost, M.; Brands, T.; Yap, M.

    2015-01-01

    The most important aspects on which passengers base their choice whether to travel by public transport are the perceived travel time, costs, reliability and comfort. Despite its importance, comfort is often not explicitly considered when predicting demand for public transport. In this paper, we incl

  18. Public Land Survey (Township, Range, and Section) for northern Arizona, including Grand Canyon National Park.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This ALRIS (Arizona Land Resource Information System) coverage contains Public Land Survey gridding and labels for Townships, Ranges, and Sections for Northern Arizona

  19. Possible Solution to Publication Bias Through Bayesian Statistics, Including Proper Null Hypothesis Testing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Konijn, Elly A.; van de Schoot, Rens; Winter, Sonja D.; Ferguson, Christopher J.

    2015-01-01

    The present paper argues that an important cause of publication bias resides in traditional frequentist statistics forcing binary decisions. An alternative approach through Bayesian statistics provides various degrees of support for any hypothesis allowing balanced decisions and proper null hypothes

  20. 77 FR 49055 - Request for Public Comments To Compile the National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-15

    ... goods, services, and U.S. foreign direct investment for inclusion in the NTE. The TPSC invites written... the most important foreign barriers affecting U.S. exports of goods and services, U.S. foreign direct... foreign films, and barriers to the provision of services by professionals); (6) Investment barriers...

  1. The impact of Mexico’s foreign public debt over the country’s private investment: A co-integrating analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón A. Castillo Ponce

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Evidence suggests that the implementation of public policy crowds out private expenditure. It is argued, for example, that public spending inhibits private investment. However, formal evidence indicates that this crowding out effect does not always hold. In particular, it has been shown that it is possible to find a complementary relation between public spending and real variables of the private sector such as consumption and investment in the long run. In this document we analyze the short run and long run stochastic dynamics of private investment and foreign public debt in Mexico, a variable that has been scarcely used as a proxy for public spending. With the estimation of an error correction model we derive results that are consistent with what is found in the literature. That is, we identify that, while foreign public debt exhibits a negative relation with private investment in the short run, the relationship becomes positive for longer horizons.

  2. 76 FR 75866 - Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices in the Southwestern Region, Which Includes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-05

    ... Forest Service Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices in the Southwestern Region, Which.... SUMMARY: This notice lists the newspapers that will be used by all Ranger Districts, Grasslands, Forests... reduction projects under 36 CFR 218.4. This notice also lists newspapers of record for notices pertaining to...

  3. 77 FR 68196 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-15

    ... Applications, or Motion to Modify Scope: November 13, 2012. Description: Application of Gama Charters Inc. (``Gama'') requesting a certificate of public convenience and necessity authorizing Gama to engage in the... (``BBJ''). Gama also requests the Department exercise its discretionary authority to issue Gama...

  4. 76 FR 50287 - Request for Public Comments To Compile the National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ..., services, and U.S. foreign direct investment for inclusion in the NTE. Once again, the TPSC is requesting... barriers affecting U.S. exports of goods and services, U.S. foreign direct investment, and protection of... professionals); (8) Investment barriers (e.g., limitations on foreign equity participation and on access...

  5. The Role of Social Evaluation in Influencing Public Speaking Anxiety of English Foreign Language Learners at Omar Al-Mukhtar University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmenfi, Fadil; Gaibani, Ahmed

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates the effect of social evaluation on Public Speaking Anxiety of English foreign language learners at Omar Al-Mukhtar University in Libya. A random sample of 111 students was used in the study. To analyse the collected data, means, standard deviations, a three-way ANOVA analysis, and the correlation coefficients were used with…

  6. Money laundering in the convention on combating bribery of foreign public officials in international business transactions of the organization for cooperation and development (OECD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Notari Bonini Notari

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the phenomenon of corruption and money laundering and how they are being addressed this issue under the Convention on Combating Public Officials Corruption Foreigners in Transactions Organization of International Trade for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD and the formulation of public policies for Combating Corruption and Money Laundering, by the Brazilian State. The Money Laundering is a species of corrupting practices, so that this type of illicit undertakes the realization of fundamental rights, social rights, economic criminal law, the democratic rule of law affecting, directly, public policy tax as a result of the commission of unlawful acts and offenses linked to issues of an economic nature, such as bribery, fraud, tax evasion, bribery, money laundering, drug trafficking, arms linked indirectly, to organized crime. Whereas the article is a bibliographic nature, it will be used as the method of approach to be adopted in its deductive development, with general assumption arguments (major premise for particular arguments (minor premise; while the procedure is analytical. Key words: Public Policy Tax, Money Laundering, Corruption of Foreign Public Officials, economic, illegalities. Money Laundering CRIME UNDER THE CONVENTION ON THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION OF FOREIGN public employee in the business operations of the International Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD This article AIMS to analyze the phenomenon of corruption and money laundering and how it is addressing this issue under the Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Economic Development (OECD and the formulation of public policies for the Fight against Corruption and Money Laundering, by the Brazilian government. Money laundering is a kind of corrupt practices, so this type of crime committed with the

  7. Extent of non-publication in cohorts of studies approved by research ethics committees or included in trial registries.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Schmucker

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The synthesis of published research in systematic reviews is essential when providing evidence to inform clinical and health policy decision-making. However, the validity of systematic reviews is threatened if journal publications represent a biased selection of all studies that have been conducted (dissemination bias. To investigate the extent of dissemination bias we conducted a systematic review that determined the proportion of studies published as peer-reviewed journal articles and investigated factors associated with full publication in cohorts of studies (i approved by research ethics committees (RECs or (ii included in trial registries. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Four bibliographic databases were searched for methodological research projects (MRPs without limitations for publication year, language or study location. The searches were supplemented by handsearching the references of included MRPs. We estimated the proportion of studies published using prediction intervals (PI and a random effects meta-analysis. Pooled odds ratios (OR were used to express associations between study characteristics and journal publication. Seventeen MRPs (23 publications evaluated cohorts of studies approved by RECs; the proportion of published studies had a PI between 22% and 72% and the weighted pooled proportion when combining estimates would be 46.2% (95% CI 40.2%-52.4%, I2 = 94.4%. Twenty-two MRPs (22 publications evaluated cohorts of studies included in trial registries; the PI of the proportion published ranged from 13% to 90% and the weighted pooled proportion would be 54.2% (95% CI 42.0%-65.9%, I2 = 98.9%. REC-approved studies with statistically significant results (compared with those without statistically significant results were more likely to be published (pooled OR 2.8; 95% CI 2.2-3.5. Phase-III trials were also more likely to be published than phase II trials (pooled OR 2.0; 95% CI 1.6-2.5. The probability of publication within two

  8. Managing public debt, money supply and foreign assets: some indeterminacy results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre B. Cunha

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available We provide in this paper three indeterminacy results concerning competitive equilibrium in an open economy monetary model. First, we show that if Friedman's prescription of zero nominal interest rate is implemented, then the path of the nominal balances is not uniquely determined. Second, we show that the maturity of the public debt is undetermined in a competitive equilibrium. Finally, we show that any competitive equilibrium allocation and prices can be decentralized by distinct exchange-rate regimes.Apresentam-se neste artigo três resultados de indeterminação do equilíbrio competitivo em um modelo do tipo pequena economia aberta com moeda. Inicialmente, mostra-se que se a famosa prescrição de Friedman de taxa nominal de juros zero for implementada, então a trajetória do estoque nominal de moeda é indeterminada. Em seguida, demonstra-se que a maturidade da dívida pública é indeterminada em um equilíbrio competitivo. Finalmente, mostra-se que qualquer alocação e preços de equilíbrio competitivo podem ser descentralizados por distintos regimes cambiais.

  9. Gaining Momentum: How Media Influences Public Opinion To Push Civil-Military Decision Makers Into Formulating Foreign Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-09

    evenly split between attacking and waiting for the economic sanctions to have more impact.”17 With this being said, it “had been running in the high...Press vis-à-vis US Policy in Bosnia, 1992-1995. Journal of Peace Research 42, no 1, (2005), 84 2 “Foreign Policy” Business Dictionary . http...Penguin Books, 1999. “Foreign Policy” Business Dictionary . http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/foreign- policy.html “Foreign Policy, Vietnam

  10. 75 FR 11988 - Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... mail from any point or points behind any Member State of the European Union via any point or points in... authorized by any additional route rights made available to European Community carriers in the future. ACG... full extent authorized by the United States-European Union Air Transport Agreement, including...

  11. Implementation of the 1958 New York Convention in Several Asian Countries: The Refusal of Foreign Arbitral Awards Enforcement on the Grounds of Public Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erman Radjagukguk

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The national character of public policy indicates that the decision is up to the court of national country concerned. Therefore, each country can rule whether public policy and its related issues are part of the country’s public policy. Courts around the world have recognized that Article V of the Convention is discretionary. The courts of Civil Law countries appear to be interpreting public policy broadly. This is quite evident from decisions made by courts in Indonesia, The People’s Republic of China, Japan and Korea. The Indonesian Court considered Article V (2 (b of the New York Convention which states that the court may deny the enforcement of an arbital award if enforcement would violate public policy of the place of enforcement. In addition, before the enactment of Law No. 30 of 1999 concerning Arbitration and Alternative Disptue Resolution, the Court referred to Indonesian Supreme Court Regulation No. 1 of 1999, which provides that the enforcement of foreign arbital awards in Indonesia imitatively applies to awards which do not violate public policy order in terms of all underlying principles of the Indonesian legal system and society. In Indonesia, Bakrie Brothers v. Trading Corporation of Pakistan Ltd., was the first case in which the Indonesian court rejected the enforcement of foreign arbital awards for the reason of violating public policy.

  12. AgRISTARS: Foreign commodity production forecasting. Minutes of the annual formal project manager's review, including preliminary technical review reports of FY80 experiments. [wheat/barley and corn/soybean experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    The U.S./Canada wheat/barley exploratory experiment is discussed with emphasis on labeling, machine processing using P1A, and the crop calendar. Classification and the simulated aggregation test used in the U.S. corn/soybean exploratory experiment are also considered. Topics covered regarding the foreign commodity production forecasting project include: (1) the acquisition, handling, and processing of both U.S. and foreign agricultural data, as well as meteorological data. The accuracy assessment methodology, multicrop sampling and aggregation technology development, frame development, the yield project interface, and classification for area estimation are also examined.

  13. The Impact of Including Immigrants without Permanent Residence Status in the Public Health Insurance System in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tepperová Jana

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Whether an individual can or cannot participate in the Czech public health insurance system depends on several characteristics, one of which is whether he/she has permanent residence status in the Czech Republic, and a second whether he/she is employed. This means that those without permanent residence status, including self-employed migrants from third countries, their dependent relatives, and the dependent relatives of third country employees in the Czech Republic, cannot participate in the public health insurance system. Some argue that such migrants should be included in the system, since commercial health insurance is disadvantageous and the contributions they would pay into the public health insurance system would increase the public health insurance agencies’ income. We estimate the value of the contributions to public health insurance that would be paid by third country self-employed and non-working immigrants, if they were insured based on data from 2011 to 2013, and compare this to the assumed costs of their medical care. To calculate the contributions for self-employed migrants we use data on the distribution of the tax base for self-employed persons from personal income tax returns. Our estimation results in an overall negative balance of 22 million CZK on the data for 2012 and 2013. In the current system this deficit would be covered by the state, which would pay contributions to the system for certain (state insured persons amounting to 97 million CZK; overall therefore the inclusion of these immigrants would result in a positive balance of 75 million CZK.

  14. Foreign Views

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    When the Fourth Session of the 11th National People’s Congress was held on March 5-14 and drew the nation’s attention, expats in Beijing also followed the meeting. Beijing Review reporter Liu Xinlian interviewed foreign nationals completing their master’s degrees in public administration at School of Public Policy and Management of Tsinghua University about the government work report delivered by Premier Wen Jiabao and the 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-15) approved at the session.

  15. Residential tourism and migration of foreign retirees in Mexico: A case study on the environmental impacts and public services in Baja California Sur

    OpenAIRE

    Diego Armando Casas-Beltrán; Luis Felipe Beltrán-Morales; Aradit Castellanos; Aurora Breceda Solís-Cámara

    2013-01-01

    Migration of foreign retirees in Mexico has increased, especially in Los Cabos, where settlements trailer type are increasing and are moving into rural coastal areas of high ecological value, without the knowledge of impacts that may result. Thus the aim of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of this type of settlement, by documenting a case study, the characteristics of their community, their environmental impacts and implications for the provision of public services. We conclud...

  16. Foreign articles as growth factor of falsification for scientific publications and reduction of scientometric indicators of organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pototskaya O.Yu.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Some orders of Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine encourage scientific authors to publish their articles abroad but do not detail selection criteria of the journals recommended. As a result, authors choose the easiest way and publish their papers in low-quality foreign journals. Moreover, some false journals have been created since the Orders entered into force. In this article we emphasize the importance of journal registration in scientometric databases for the international and regional rating of universities. Also attention is paid to the need of verification of journal quality and its reliability by the authors before sending manuscripts for publication. To resolve these problems we propose to indicate URL link of the article in the annual scientific report of scientists, departments and organizations. It will help to verify the quality of the journal and concentrate attention of the authors on checking the existence of journal’s web site before sending their manuscripts. It is important to emphasize that journals without web sites do not influence on the rating of scientific organizations in any scientometric databases. If such link is absent, article should not be scored up for the rating. Additional way is to create adequate system of scientific ratings. For example, articles published in major scientometric databases, such as Scopus and Web of Science, should be scored two (or more times higher than any other articles. Papers published in other scientometric databases (such as RISC also should be scored higher than onother articles. Information about principal scientometric databases should be clarified for scientists to help them in choosing optimal journal for manuscripts publishing.

  17. Transcription of Foreign Geographical Name on Nautical Charts and Publications%航海图书中外语地名的译写表示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔广海; 张明军; 梁晓燕

    2013-01-01

    简要介绍航海图书中外语地名的构成特点,详细论述外语地名译写表示存在的问题,提出建立完善外语地名译写原则规定,以科技手段推进外语地名译写标准化,增加译写表示辅助决策的参考信息量,多渠道加强译员能力培养等解决问题的对策.%This paper briefly introduces the formation features of foreign geographical name translation on nautical charts and publications,particularly discusses the problems of transcription method,proposes the countermeasures to solve these problems including establishing and improving the transcription regulations,promoting the standardizations by means of technology,enlarging quantity of reference information of transcription method with assistant decision,and enhancing translators' comprehensive ability cultivation by multi channels.

  18. Foreign correspondence

    CERN Document Server

    Hamilton, John Maxwell

    2013-01-01

    Despite the importance of foreign news, its history, transformation and indeed its future have not been much studied. The scholarly community often calls attention to journalism's shortcomings covering the world, yet the topic has not been systematically examined across countries or over time. The need to redress this neglect and the desire to assess the impact of new media technologies on the future of journalism - including foreign correspondence - provide the motivation for this stimulating, exciting and thought-provoking book. While the old economic models supporting news have crumbled in

  19. Understanding and Facing Discipline-Related Challenges in the English as a Foreign Language Classroom at Public Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quintero Corzo Josefina

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Complying with school regulations and teachers’ instructions is a basic principle of an excellent class; both novice and experienced teachers face challenging situations when getting into real classrooms, especially those related to classroom management. There are various reasons that explain discipline problems in public schools, as well as varied strategies beginning teachers create and try when coping with those challenges. This article reports an action research study on how this methodology helped a group of teacher-trainees overcome indiscipline in English as a foreign language classrooms at public schools, and align with professional development initiatives which focus on reflection and decision-making processes that the new Colombian policies demand from new teachers seeking a higher quality 
    of education.


    Responder a las normas escolares y a las instrucciones de los profesores es un principio básico de una clase excelente. Tanto los profesores novatos como los experimentados enfrentan situaciones problemáticas en las aulas de clase reales, especialmente en relación con la disciplina. Hay varias razones que explican la indisciplina en los colegios públicos y también estrategias variadas que los profesores principiantes crean y ensayan para superar tal reto. Este artículo reporta un estudio de investigación acción que ayudó a un grupo de profesores principiantes a superar la indisciplina en el aula de inglés en colegios públicos y a responder a iniciativas de desarrollo profesional con base en procesos de reflexión y toma de decisiones que las nuevas políticas educativas colombianas demandan de las nuevas generaciones de profesores para mejorar la calidad de la educación.

  20. Prioritizing Efforts to Improve Foreign Public Opinion of America: Applying a Business Model to Discover and Create Customer Value

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1493128.stm. Last accessed 13 November 2007. Kotler , P . & Keller, K. (2006). Marketing management. 12...December 2001)......37 Table 6. Foreign Favorability Ratings of the U.S. (From: Pew Research Center, 2002, p . 54)...............38 Table 7. Foreign...Views on U.S. Unilateralism and GWOT (From: Pew Research Center, 2002, p . 58)........39 Table 8. Attribute Map (After: McGrath and MacMillan, 2005

  1. 日本的留学生公共外交%Comments on Japan’s Public Diplomacy for Foreign Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭文平

    2015-01-01

    外国留学生是日本开展公共外交的重要对象群体,服务于日本不同时期的国家战略。上世纪80年代之前,作为对传统外交方式的修正,日本通过教育援助和文化交流等方式招收发展中国家的外国留学生以树立本国的正面形象。80年代之后,日本先后实施了“10万留学生计划”和“30万留学生计划”,这两个计划分别服务于日本国家形象的构建,前者突出日本为国际作知识贡献,后者试图构建日本作为“亚洲门户”、“亚洲知识中心”的国家形象。日本的公共外交措施涵盖了留学生入学前、在校期间和归国后各个阶段。%Foreign students are main target groups of Japanese national public diplomacy serving the national strategies during different periods. Before 1980s, as a modiifcation of its traditional diplomacy, students from developing countries were admitted to Japanese Universities by the means of educational aid and cultural exchanges to establish a positive image of Japan. After 1980s, Japan has implemented “100,000 foreign students plan” and “300,000 foreign students plan” in succession. The two plans serve the construction of Japanese image with the former emphasizing Japan’s intellectual contribution and the latter focusing on Japan’s image as the Asian gates and Asian intellectual center. A variety of public diplomatic measures will be taken before the foreign students enter a Japanese University and while the foreign students are studying and residing in Japan. Follow-up services for former foreign students will also be done for public diplomacy reasons.

  2. Ethical implications of including children in a large biobank for genetic-epidemiologic research: a qualitative study of public opinion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, David; Geller, Gail; Leroy, Lisa; Murphy, Juli; Scott, Joan; Hudson, Kathy

    2008-02-15

    The National Institutes of Health and other federal agencies are considering initiating a cohort study of 500,000 people, including 120,000 children, to measure genetic and environmental influences on common diseases. A community engagement pilot study was conducted to identify public attitudes and concerns about the proposed cohort study, including the ethics of involving children. The pilot included 15 focus groups where the inclusion of children in the proposed cohort study was discussed. Focus groups, conducted in six cities, included 141 adults of different ages, incomes, genders, ethnicities, and races. Many of the concerns expressed by participants mirrored those addressed in pediatric research guidelines. These concerns included minimizing children's fear, pain, and burdens; whether to include young children; and how to obtain children's assent. There was little agreement about which children can assent. Some voiced concern about children's privacy, but most expected that parents would have access to children's study results. Some believed children would not benefit from participating, while others identified personal and societal benefits that might accrue. A few people believed that children's participation would not advance the study's goals. To successfully include children, proposed cohort study would need to address children's changing capabilities and rights as they grow and reach the age of consent.

  3. Datasets will not be made accessible to the public due to the fact that they include household level data with PII.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Datasets will not be made accessible to the public due to the fact that they include household level data with PII. This dataset is not publicly accessible because:...

  4. Consolidation of the publications for foreigners in Spain / La consolidación de las publicaciones para extranjeros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dra. María Eugenia González Cortés

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractDuring the last decade mass media initiatives directed to immigrants have proliferated in Spain because of the need of information and leisure of a culturally diverse population. As spectators and stable audience of the media, foreign citizens become a pool of consumers for which mass media companies have shown growing attention, interested in their consumption. The present article analyses the reasons for this “boom” in the specialized press, the existing offer within the Spanish mass media and the consumption realized by the minorities as published in the EMI (Study of the Media for Immigrants Second Edition. Additionally, an analysis of contents to observe how the immigration is constructed in three Spanish mass media headings: El País, El Mundo y Abc is included. ResumenEn la última década han proliferado las iniciativas periodísticas destinadas al colectivo de inmigrantes en España, dadas las necesidades de información y de ocio de una población culturalmente diversa. Como público y audiencia estable de los medios, los extranjeros constituyen un nicho de mercado que adquiere un interés creciente para las empresas de comunicación, interesadas en conocer sus consumos. El presente artículo analiza los motivos del ‘boom’ de esta prensa especializada, la oferta existente en el panorama mediático español y el consumo que realizan las minorías, a partir de los datos arrojados por el EMI (Estudio de Medios para Inmigrantes en su segunda edición. Se incluye, además, un análisis de contenido para observar cómo se construye mediáticamente la inmigración en tres cabeceras españolas: El País, El Mundo y Abc.

  5. Come on and take a free ride : Contributing to public goods in native and foreign language settings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Urbig, D.; Terjesen, S.; Procher, V.; Muhlfeld, K.S.; van Witteloostuijn, A.

    2016-01-01

    Business schools around the world must prepare their students for two realities: operating in an English-speaking business world and working in teams. As yet, there is limited understanding of how operating in a native or a foreign language impacts students' propensity to free ride in group settings

  6. Foreign Language Instructed Programs in Public Universities in Egypt: Implications for Resource Diversification, Quality and Equity in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabry, Manar A.

    2010-01-01

    This study seeks to assess the impact of tuition fees of the Foreign language Instructed Programs (FLIP) at Cairo University on increasing other-than-governmental resources for these programs as well as for the university, increasing student satisfaction with the quality of education, and maintaining equitable access. The study uses a theoretical…

  7. Criminal Regulations on Bribery of Foreign Public Officials%外国公职人员受贿的刑法规制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高文辉

    2011-01-01

    It has been stipulated that domestic criminal law can be used to punish foreign public officials for accepting bribes in "United Nations Convention against Corruption".However,the is just making a beginning.This article analyzes the Convention and points out that the counts and charges of bribery of foreign public officials and officials of public international organizations should be stimulated as a supplement and adjust the laws of bribery so as to improve criminal laws.%运用国内刑法惩治外国公职人员受贿,这是《联合国反腐败公约》中规定的内容。相比之下,我国刑法中对外国公职人员受贿的规定还属于起步。文章对《公约》进行了分析,认为我国刑法中应补充规定外国公职人员和国际公共组织官员受贿罪的罪状和罪名,调整受贿罪的法条规定,以完善我国的刑法。

  8. 国外电信业公私合作的做法及启示%Public-Private Partnerships of Foreign Telecommunications Industry and Its Implications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳宇君; 吴洪

    2012-01-01

    在建设信息化社会的过程中,国外一些国家或地区电信业出现了政府部门重掌其发展规划、投资建议、并与私营部门合作经营的新趋势.本文介绍了荷兰、意大利、澳大利亚和新西兰电信业采用公私合作的做法,总结了国外电信业公私合作的特征,并结合中国电信业的现状,分析了国外电信业公私合作做法对中国电信业的启示,以期对中国的信息化建设提供借鉴.%In the process of building the information society, some foreign countries or regions appeared a new trend of government regaining its development plan, investing in building, and cooperating with private sectors. The paper introduces the approaches that the telecommunications industry adopts the pattern of public-private partnership in Netherlands, Italy, Australia and New Zealand. The paper summarizes the characteristics of foreign telecommunications industry' public-private partnerships. Finally, combining with the status quo of China's telecommunications industry, it analyzes the revelation of the foreign telecommunications industry's public-private partnerships for our country's telecommunications industry in order to provide a reference to China' information construction.

  9. African-American and Latina Women Seeking Public Health Services: Cultural Beliefs regarding Pregnancy, including Medication-taking Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Dalia Sanchez, MD, MCP, MHA, PhD

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to describe cultural beliefs and medication-taking-behavior about pregnancy in African-American and Latina women. Design: qualitative study using phenomenological methodology; face-to-face, semi structured interviews and focus group. Thematic analysis was done to obtain themes consistent with the research objective. Setting: Maricopa County, Arizona, Department of Public-health Programs, November 2008 through April 2009.Participants: women seeking public-health services in the greater Phoenix, Arizona.Results: fifteen adult women representing two ethnic groups (seven African-Americans and eight Latinas participated. Themes derived from the interview data included: “The Dilemma: To Become or Not to Become Pregnant;” “The Ideal Stress-free World: Support System;” “Changing Worlds: Wanting Dependency;” and “The Health care System: Disconnection from Pregnancy to Postpartum.”Conclusions: based on the cultural themes: 1. pregnancies were not planned; 2. healthy life-style changes were not likely to occur during pregnancy; 3. basic facts about the biology of sexual intercourse and pregnancy were not understood, and there was no usage of any preconceptional or prenatal medications; and 4. professional health care was not desired or considered necessary (except during delivery. These cultural beliefs can contribute to negative birth outcomes, and need to be considered by pharmacists and other health-care providers. The information gained from this study can guide the implementation of educational programs developed by pharmacists that are more sensitive to the cultural beliefs and points of view of these particular women. Such programs would thus be more likely to be favorably received and utilized.

  10. The post-millennium development goals agenda: include 'end to all wars' as a public health goal!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayasinghe, Saroj

    2014-09-01

    The process of identifying global post-millennium development goals (post-MDGs) has begun in earnest. Consensus is emerging in certain areas (e.g. eliminating poverty) and conflicts and violence are recognized as key factors that retard human development. However, current discussions focus on tackling intra-state conflicts and individual-based violence and hardly mention eliminating wars as a goal. Wars create public health catastrophes. They kill, maim, displace and affect millions. Inter-state wars fuel intra-state conflicts and violence. The peace agenda should not be the monopoly of the UN Security Council, and the current consensus-building process setting the post-MDG agenda is a rallying point for the global community. The human rights approach will not suffice to eliminate wars, because few are fought to protect human rights. The development agenda should therefore commit to eliminating all wars by 2030. Targets to reduce tensions and discourage wars should be included. We should act now.

  11. Does Foreign Aid Increase Foreign Direct Investment?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Selaya, Pablo; Sunesen, Eva Rytter

    that the theoretical relationship between foreign aid and FDI is indeterminate. Aid may raise the marginal productivity of capital by financing complementary inputs, such as public infrastructure projects and human capital investment. However, aid may also crowd out productive private investments if it comes......  The notion that foreign aid and foreign direct investment (FDI) are complementary sources of capital is conventional among governments and international cooperation agencies. This paper argues that the notion is incomplete. Within the framework of an open economy Solow model we show...... in the shape of physical capital transfers. We therefore turn to an empirical analysis of the relationship between FDI and disaggregated aid flows. Our results strongly support the hypotheses that aid invested in complementary inputs draws in foreign capital while aid invested in physical capital crowds out...

  12. Discussion on Bribery to Foreign Public Officials,Public International Organization Officials%论“对外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员行贿罪”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐志豪

    2011-01-01

    Bribery to foreign office staff,the international public officials is a international crime established in "United Nations Convention against Corruption".To combat the dangers of such a wide range of commercial corruption crime,China'9s "Criminal Law Amendment(8)" added the provision of a foreign public official,bribery of public international organization officials.Compare with abroad experience and the convention,this crime has many shortcomings in legislation and should be further perfection.%贿赂外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员罪是《联合国反腐败公约》所确立的国际犯罪,为打击这种具有广泛危害性的商业腐败犯罪,我国《刑法修正案(八)》增设对外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员行贿罪,从国外相关的立法经验和《公约》相关规定来看,本罪在立法上还有很多不足和应当完善之处。

  13. A global public-goods perspective on the environment and poverty reduction. Implications for Dutch foreign policy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kok, M.; Brons, J.; Witmer, M.

    2011-06-15

    Climate change, overexploitation of fish stocks, land erosion and resource scarcities are examples of environmental issues that require globally coordinated solutions. This is in the interest both of developing countries and of the Netherlands. Only in a combined effort will developing countries be able to sustainably exploit their natural resources. Livelihoods may otherwise be at risk of disappearing, and conflicts over water, land or minerals are likely to increase. Internationally coordinated development cooperation that enhances sustainable use of natural resources may significantly contribute to poverty reduction. For the Dutch Government this requires the setting of priorities and collaboration with other countries, international organisations and the business sector. Coherence between development cooperation and other foreign policies would be necessary, for example, those on trade, agriculture and climate.

  14. Does Foreign Aid increase Foreign Direct Investment?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Selaya, Pablo; Sunesen, Eva Rytter

    2012-01-01

    We examine the idea that aid and FDI are complementary sources of foreign capital. We argue that the relationship between aid and FDI is theoretically ambiguous: aid raises the marginal productivity of capital when used to finance complementary inputs (like public infrastructure and human capital...

  15. A New Foreign Policy Consensus?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melanson, Richard A.

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the achievements of Reagan's foreign policy. Explores the question: Did Reagan reconstruct a domestic foreign policy consensus? Concludes that no consensus was reached. Analyzes Reagan's political beliefs, including his antinuclear sentiments, and examines relations between Reagan and Congress. (RW)

  16. Residential tourism and migration of foreign retirees in Mexico: A case study on the environmental impacts and public services in Baja California Sur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Armando Casas-Beltrán

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Migration of foreign retirees in Mexico has increased, especially in Los Cabos, where settlements trailer type are increasing and are moving into rural coastal areas of high ecological value, without the knowledge of impacts that may result. Thus the aim of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of this type of settlement, by documenting a case study, the characteristics of their community, their environmental impacts and implications for the provision of public services. We conclude that the town will become a short-term retreat site, because while it does not have high densities, its environmental implications are significant and broad coverage. Its current demand for services is minimal, but may cause conflicts in the future, especially with the water

  17. The Bibliographic Control of Foreign Monographs: A Review and Baseline Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leazer, Gregory H.; Rohdy, Margaret

    1995-01-01

    Discussion of the acquisition of foreign research publications focuses on a study that assessed the extent of bibliographic control of foreign published materials in bibliographic utilities. Highlights include a review of previous studies; sources and quality of bibliographic records; timeliness; and presence of Library of Congress Classification…

  18. Foreign Exposure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huebner, Lee W.

    2006-01-01

    The admirable ideal of "total" immersion in a foreign culture privileges students who plan early on for foreign study, establish early language fluency and elect majors and activities that make it easier to leave campus. Other students often find that they lack the language skills to qualify for many foreign programs or are unable to reconcile…

  19. The Plurilingual and Pluricultural Competence in Foreign Language Pre-Service Teacher Training in a Colombian Public University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Alberto Arismendi Gómez

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a pedagogical experience in which a teacher implemented a course called Introduction to Plurilingualism, in the undergraduate foreign language teacher program at Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia, in order to favor the development of plurilingual and pluricultural competence in future language teachers. In order to analyze the impact of that course on students’ training, a systematic analysis was carried out from data obtained from questionnaires, a focus group, and the texts students wrote during the different versions of the course. Findings showed changes in students’ representations about bilingualism and plurilingualism. In addition, the data showed the need and importance of creating spaces to reflect on this kind of topic in the context of teacher’s training. Firstly, the theoretical framework is presented; then, the pedagogical experience and the way in which data were collected and analyzed. Finally, some of the findings of the experience and the conclusions are presented.

  20. 77 FR 65382 - Notice of Public Meeting for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Foreign Affairs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-26

    ... Street, Blackstone VA, 23824. Informational posters will be on display in the Dining Hall, and..., classrooms, simulation labs, a fitness center, administrative offices, dormitories, and a dining hall, on... public record. Dated: October 16, 2012. Leonard Purzycki, Director of FM&SP, GSA Mid Atlantic Region...

  1. Polish as a Foreign Language: New Context, Regulations and Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popławska Anna

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article provides an overview of the developments in Poland after the collapse of communism in 1989 from the point of view of foreign language teaching, including a swift reorientation and transition from a public school system with Russian as the main foreign language, to a diversified language teaching market focused on teaching English and other languages. A particular stress is placed on a relatively new phenomenon, being an increased demand and new opportunities for teaching Polish as a foreign language to be further promoted as a result of anticipated amendments to legal regulations governing the status and certification of the Polish language.

  2. Performance contracting for small fry -- Including individually owned multi-family buildings in a public/private sector partnership

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burger, M.; Jensen, V.

    1998-07-01

    Performance contracting has worked well in large multi-family buildings markets, such as public housing authorities. As equally deserving a market are assisted housing developments, which tend to be smaller scale in terms of size and ownership. This scale discourages energy service companies (ESO's) from approaching these developments because marketing and other transaction costs may be considered prohibitive. One answer to this barrier is a partnership that may act as an umbrella and aggregator for this market. The Illinois Housing Development Authority, assisted by the US Department of Energy's Chicago Regional Support office, is piloting such a partnership for developments that has its mortgages. Working with ESCO Landis and Staefa, Inc., this ongoing initiative is expanding performance contracting into the assisted housing market.

  3. Public health information searching behaviors in foreign countries:A review%国外公众健康信息查询行为研究概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小利; 刘海通; 张士靖

    2014-01-01

    The concept,theory model and practical studies of public health information searching behaviors in foreign countries were summarized in order to provide the international experiences that should be learned by domestic scholars and the evidence for domestic health education institutions to work out health education-related policies, and open up a novel approach for improving the public health management ability in our country.%梳理归纳了国外公众健康信息查询行为的概念、理论模型与实践研究,以期为我国学者提供可借鉴的国际经验,为国内健康教育机构制定相关政策,对公开开展健康教育提供重要的参考和依据,为提高我国公众自我健康管理能力开辟一条新路径。

  4. 78 FR 50481 - Request for Public Comments Regarding the National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ... restrictions affecting electronic commerce (e.g., tariff and non-tariff measures, burdensome and discriminatory... attach separate cover letters to electronic submissions; rather, include any information that...

  5. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... include coins, buttons, pins, nails, glass pieces, toothpicks, batteries, small toys or pieces of toys and fish ... foreign body ingestions. Sometimes problems occur when button batteries are swallowed as mercury within the batteries can ...

  6. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... are a form of radiation like light or radio waves. X-rays pass through most objects, including ... Many foreign bodies, like coins and batteries, are radio-opaque, meaning that x-rays will not pass ...

  7. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the soft tissues. Commonly swallowed objects include coins, buttons, pins, nails, glass pieces, toothpicks, batteries, small toys ... of foreign body ingestions. Sometimes problems occur when button batteries are swallowed as mercury within the batteries ...

  8. Foreign aid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tarp, Finn

    2008-01-01

    Foreign aid has evolved significantly since the Second World War in response to a dramatically changing global political and economic context. This article (a) reviews this process and associated trends in the volume and distribution of foreign aid; (b) reviews the goals, principles and instituti......Foreign aid has evolved significantly since the Second World War in response to a dramatically changing global political and economic context. This article (a) reviews this process and associated trends in the volume and distribution of foreign aid; (b) reviews the goals, principles...

  9. On the Constitution of Bribery for the Foreign Public Officials and International Public Organization officials%对外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员行贿罪的犯罪构成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李会彬

    2013-01-01

    The object of actual transgressions is complex, and need to be understood from two aspects, the domestic and the foreign. The domestic object is dealing with the order of socialist market economy, while the foreign object is linked to integrity of duty behaviors of foreign public officials, officials of public international organization and regular international market competitive order. In the objective aspect of actual transgressions, the bribery behavior is limited to "Give", which is in line with the characteristics of China legislation, but both the scope of bribery and the rules of comprehensive bribery subject need to be improved. In the main aspect of crime, the bribery-giving side and bribery-taking side both do not necessarily have different nationalities. In the subjective aspect of the crime, we should pay attention to the limit of the subjective targeted elements to the scope of punishment of the actual transgressions.%本罪的犯罪客体是复杂客体,应从国内客体与国外客体两个方面进行理解,其国内客体是我国的社会主义市场经济秩序,国际客体是外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员职务行为的廉洁性和正常的国际市场竞争秩序。在本罪的犯罪客观方面,将其贿赂的行为方式仅限定为“给予”一种是符合我国立法特点的,但其有关贿赂的范围、贿赂的对合性主体的规定,有待立法完善。在犯罪主体方面,行贿方与受贿方并不必然是具有不同国籍的公民。在犯罪主观方面,应注意其主观目的要素对本罪处罚范围的限定。

  10. Foreign aid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tarp, Finn

    2008-01-01

    Foreign aid has evolved significantly since the Second World War in response to a dramatically changing global political and economic context. This article (a) reviews this process and associated trends in the volume and distribution of foreign aid; (b) reviews the goals, principles...

  11. Cost-effectiveness of using Quantiferon Gold (QFT-G)® versus tuberculin skin test (TST) among U.S. and foreign born populations at a public health department clinic with a low prevalence of tuberculosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, Ayesha Z; Leighton, Jenelle; Anthony, John; Knaup, Richard C; Peters, Eleanor B; Bailey, Thomas C

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the cost benefit to routinely using QFT-G versus the standard TST for screening U.S. and foreign born populations at a public health department clinic with a low prevalence of tuberculosis. A comparative cost analysis of the monetization between QFT-G and TST was conducted: Data from the health department's Chest Clinic patients seen in 2007 were used to model cost predictions. The net costs of screening, x-rays, the standard 9 months of latent tuberculosis infection treatment, laboratory, and administration for U.S. born patients and foreign born patients were investigated. There are no apparent cost savings for U.S. born individuals, but due to the higher specificity of QFT-G for foreign born BCG-vaccinated individuals, there are unnecessary expenditures associated with the higher number of false positives incurred when using TST compared with QFT-G on 1,000 foreign born individuals (69%, 18%). QFT-G is cost-effective and should be used at local health department clinics that want to achieve savings in screening and treating those suspected of having TB infection, especially for high-risk populations such as foreign born individuals. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. [Information analytical support of the US Armed Forces Medical Service at the theater of operations (review of foreign online publications)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agapitov, A A; Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B; Kuvakin, V I

    2013-05-01

    The current article is dedicated to the modern state of information analytical support of the US Armed Forces Medical Service at the theater of operations. It is shown that at the present time for that purpose it is employed the Joint Theater Medical Information Program (TMIP) which integrates all medically significant information in a single system. The described program covers the whole evacuation chain, specifically, wounded registration on the battle field, treatment conduction at the stages of evacuation, including the aeromobile evacuation, treatment and rehabilitation at specialized establishments in the United States, subsequent veteran care after retirement. It also provides paperless documents circulation and telemedicine needs, takes into consideration the certain Armed Forces components peculiarities, satisfies the information analytical requirements of the commanding body of the medical service. The main TMIP subprograms are introduced, namely: AHLTA, TMDS, MSAT, TMIP-M, MMM, TC2, NCAT, and the basic providing and supporting unit DHIMS is described. Finally, it is mentioned that currently the TMIP project starts to be used not only on the battlefield but at the garrisons as well and it is supposed that it will gradually expand to the entire national health care system.

  13. Foreign Trade

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Foreign Trade database has monthly volume and value information for US imports, exports, and re-exports of fishery or fishery derived products. Data is...

  14. Comparison of open access publication environments in domestic and foreign academic journals%国内外学术期刊开放存取出版环境比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王颖; 王天津; 黄思敏; 刘娜; 杨春华

    2016-01-01

    After the characteristics and significance of domestic and foreign open access publication were analyzed, the open access publication environments in domestic and foreign academic journals were compared in aspects of open access policy, scientific research management evaluation system and awareness of open access publication in persons engaged in scientific research, journal management system and journal management model, open access publication journals and open access publication papers in order to know the advantages of open access publication and the difficulties it is faced.Certain suggestions were proposed for its future development.%分析了国内外开放存取出版的特征及意义,从开放存取政策、科研管理评价体制和科研人员的认识、期刊管理体制与经营模式、开放出版期刊及论文传播途径等6个方面对国内外学术期刊开放存取出版环境进行了对比,以了解我国学术期刊实现开放存取出版的优势和面临的困难,并提出其未来发展的措施.

  15. Ingested and Aspirated Foreign Bodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, S Sarah

    2015-10-01

    Esophageal and aspirated foreign bodies have important clinical significance, and both should be considered carefully when the history or physical examination findings raise sufficient suspicion. The published evidence regarding the diagnosis and management of foreign body ingestion or aspiration is weighted disproportionately with observational studies, case controls, expert opinion, and systematic reviews. Most of the publications would receive a categorization of C (observational studies including case-control and cohort design) and D (expert opinion, case reports, and clinical reasoning). One of the few prospective studies examining the diagnostic evaluation of foreign body aspiration in children could be considered level B evidence (randomized clinical trials, systematic reviews, or diagnostic studies with minor limitations). This study found that the medical history is the most important predictive part of the evaluation. There is evidence for considering bronchoscopy if there is significant history suggestive of foreign body aspiration, even in the setting of normal physical examination findings. (28). Most ingested foreign bodies spontaneously pass without incident. However, special attention should be paid to objects in the esophagus as well as to batteries and magnets. Based on a systematic review of the literature (level B evidence) and the potential for rapid and life-threatening damage, batteries in the esophagus should be removed immediately. (10) Other objects, such as coins, may be observed for passage in an asymptomatic patient. In addition, given the high risk of significant complications, ingestion of high-powered magnets should be quickly and carefully evaluated. Although single magnets are likely to pass without complication, multiple magnets or magnets ingested with other metal objects can cause significant damage and should be removed if there is any concern for mural entrapment, bowel perforation, or failure to progress. (10

  16. Public Opinion and Foreign Policy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    daouda.thiam

    2009-02-26

    Feb 26, 2009 ... 71–97. © Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2008 ... trials at the International War Crimes Tribunal'. But from the ..... total conformity with the terms for admission (Aluko 1981: 183). In 1986, it hit ...

  17. Reviews on the Influence Factors of Public Environment Protection Behavior in China and Foreign Countries%国内外公众环保行为的影响因素述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾圣钧

    2011-01-01

    In the past few years, with the rapid development of economy, the problems relevant to resource over-consumption and environmental pollution have become more and more serious in China.And the government and academia are paying more attention to all those problems.It is very helpful to learn more about the influence factors of public environment protection behavior, which would contribute to leading people's environment protection behavior.According to literature reviews, this paper summarizes the influence factors of public environment protection behavior in China and foreign countries, which include contextual factor, personal characteristic factor, and habit and attitude factor.Finally, these results, and directions for future research were discussed.%近年来,我国经济快速发展的同时资源过度消耗和环境污染问题日益突出,已经引起政府和学术界的高度关注.了解公众环保行为的各种影响因素,有助于更加科学和有效地引导公众的环保行为,从而收到事半功倍的效果.通过对国内外有关文献进行梳理和分析,归纳和比较国内外公众环保行为的影响因素,发现主要包括情境因素,个人特征因素和习惯和态度因素三方面.最后,对结果进行了总结和讨论,并指出未来研究的方向.

  18. Foreign Language Planning in Saudi Arabia: Beyond English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Mark; Almansour, Maram

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents findings from an exploratory study of foreign language planning in Saudi Arabia. In terms of official policy, the sole foreign language taught in Saudi public schools is English. Therefore, researching foreign languages there is often limited to researching the area of English as a Foreign Language. However, evidence shows that…

  19. Foreign language didactics: Identity questions

    OpenAIRE

    Michaela Píšová

    2011-01-01

    The efforts to emancipate foreign language didactics have been an ongoingand non-linear process launched in our country in the 50s of the previous century.Its key aspects may be presented as foreign language didactics identity questions.These include explicit delineation of the object and methodology of foreign languagedidactics on the basis of developmental analysis, current state of knowledge andtrends/approaches to the discipline. The issues related to the full-fledged scientificstatus of ...

  20. How important is Overdiagnosis to members of the public offered the chance to include it in an online multi-criteria decision aid for prostate cancer screening?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaltoft, Mette Kjer; Nielsen, Jesper Bo; Salkeld, Glenn;

    Objectives To establish the proportion of men who chose to include Overdiagnosis as a criterion in an online multi-criteria decision aid for the prostate cancer screening decision; and to determine the relative importance assigned to Overdiagnosis by those who included it in their personalised aid...... was 33%. Conclusions Overdiagnosis was prominent among the criteria selected from a menu by male members of the public participating in a trial of online multi-criteria decision aids for prostate cancer. Notably, over 40% of those who excluded 4 to 6 of the 10 criteria included Overdiagnosis in their aid....... Methods The data are from the 'Pick Your Own' arm of an Australian community panel-based trial involving men aged 40-69 years without diagnosed prostate cancer. The 720 participants were asked to choose between 1 and 10 criteria for inclusion in their aid. With only Overdiagnosis spelled out here...

  1. 17 CFR 270.3a-6 - Foreign banks and foreign insurance companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... be construed to include within the definition of foreign bank a common or collective trust or other... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Foreign banks and foreign... COMMISSION (CONTINUED) RULES AND REGULATIONS, INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940 § 270.3a-6 Foreign banks and...

  2. Orthopedic approach to foreign body stings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celil Alemdar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Although foreign body injuries are quite common, there are an insufficient number of publications on this matter. The aim of this study was to evaluate patients with foreign body injuries, and to determine the treatment algorithm. Methods: A total of 97 patients were evaluated, including 53 men and 44 women. Ninety-one patients underwent surgery, and six patients were treated conservatively. Surgery was performed in the operating room in all cases. To ensure that the foreign body was removed, fluoroscopic control was completed during and after the procedure. Antibiotics were administered routinely to all patients, and the need for tetanus prophylaxis was evaluated in each patient. Results: The mean age of the patients was 16.5 (range: 2-58 years. Regarding the type of foreign body, there was injury due to: a needle in 65 patients, glass in 14, wood in 7, iron spit in 1, iron bar in 1, pieces of metal in 3, and other foreign bodies were found in 6 patients. There were 25 injuries of the upper extremity, and 72 of the lower extremity. The time of admission to the hospital after the injury ranged from 1 day to 3 years. Obvious signs of infection were detected in 10 patients. There were no complications after the follow-up of patients who were treated conservatively. Conclusion: Foreign body penetration is a severe injury that may cause significant problems when ignored. Treatment algorithms prepared according to the type of injury would guide the most appropriate approach to these injuries. J Clin Exp Invest 2013; 4 (4: 443-448

  3. Does Foreign Aid increase Foreign Direct Investment?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Selaya, Pablo; Sunesen, Eva Rytter

    2012-01-01

    We examine the idea that aid and FDI are complementary sources of foreign capital. We argue that the relationship between aid and FDI is theoretically ambiguous: aid raises the marginal productivity of capital when used to finance complementary inputs (like public infrastructure and human capital...... investments), but aid may crowd out private investments when it comes in the shape of pure physical capital transfers. Empirically, we find that aid invested in complementary inputs draws in FDI, while aid invested in physical capital crowds it out. The paper shows that the composition of aid matters for its...

  4. Exploring Corporate Social Responsibility in Foreign Bank Branches from Romania: An Empirical Analysis of Public Disclosure of Financial Statements and Banking Audit Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Attila TAMAS-SZORA

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the Corporate Social Responsibility CSR/the Social Responsibility Disclosure SRD reporting practices referring to the published banking financial statements and the published auditors' reports. The study was conducted on the foreign bank branches from Romania and is based on their Romanian language web-sites, that constitute the data for the analysis. The results show that voluntary CSR/SRD concepts to disclose the financial statements and the auditors' reports on the Romanian web-sites were applied only by two from nine foreign bank branches. We plead for a social responsibility of the banks, even if they are foreign bank branches that conduct their activities according to the law from their origin countries. Disclosing the economic outputs via web-site could contribute to a high level of banks' transparency and makes part from the responsibility to society into the Corporate Social Responsibility CSR concept.

  5. Public Finance in China since the Late Qing Dynasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Krug (Barbara)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractHow is "public finance" organized in China? Is China’s public finance system different from that of other countries? Can we detect features which link today’s system to the past? Public finance refers to more than annual state budgets and constitutional procedures. It includes foreign

  6. Public Finance in China since the Late Qing Dynasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Krug (Barbara)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractHow is "public finance" organized in China? Is China’s public finance system different from that of other countries? Can we detect features which link today’s system to the past? Public finance refers to more than annual state budgets and constitutional procedures. It includes foreign de

  7. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... percent of foreign body ingestions occur among children. Most foreign bodies pass through the gastrointestinal tract without ... fainting and shock. Foreign bodies in the airway: Most foreign bodies in the airway are usually expelled ...

  8. To Explore Managerial Issues and Their Implications on e-Government Deployment in the Public Sector: Lessons from Taiwan's Bureau of Foreign Trade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tseng, Paul T. Y.; Yen, David C.; Hung, Yu-Chung; Wang, Nana C. F.

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this article is to explore the experience of reconciling the strategic information system (IS) management with the radical transition of the Information Technology (IT) infrastructure in Taiwan's Bureau of Foreign Trade (BOFT) between 1998 and 2003. This investigation will be beneficial for the implementation of IT projects, as…

  9. Foreign Language Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birkmaier, Emma; Lange, Dale

    1967-01-01

    This review of research in foreign language instruction summarizes and interprets selected studies produced during the period 1963-66. Topics covered include the psychology of learning, comparisons o f methods, language skills, visual-auditory relationships, vocabulary, grammar, and FLES, as well as programed instruction, technological media,…

  10. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and push the object farther down. In some cases, prompt removal of the foreign body is necessary. Common procedures include: Flexible esophagoscopy Flexible esophagoscopy is a common diagnostic examination that enables a safe and detailed visual study of the esophagus while the patient is under ...

  11. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and push the object farther down. In some cases, prompt removal of the foreign body is necessary. Common procedures include: Flexible esophagoscopy Flexible esophagoscopy is a common diagnostic examination that enables a safe and detailed visual study of the esophagus while the patient is under ...

  12. Corporate Competition for Foreign Language Customers: Is There an Answer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, Wynona H.

    1976-01-01

    The proliferation of private organizations offering foreign language instruction to the public, and the advertising approaches of these organizations, are discussed. Suggestions are made for foreign language teachers in high schools and colleges to use in attracting more students. (RM)

  13. Foreign grants

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Smithsonian Foreign Currency Program, a national research grants program, offers opportunities for support of research in Burma, Guinea, India, and Pakistan in astrophysics and earth sciences; anthropology, archeology, and related disciplines; systematic and environmental biology; and museum programs.Grants in the local currencies of the countries are awarded to U.S. institutions for research by senior scientists; collaborative programs involving host country institutions are welcome. Awards are determined on the basis of competitive scholarly review.

  14. Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in the Law of Iran and England: a comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abasat Pour Mohammad

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in the Law of Iran and England: A Comparative Study. There are a lot of similarities and commonalities between the legal system of Iran and England in the field of recognition and enforcement of the foreign judgments including public discipline and conflicting judgments. Public discipline in England Law is more specific than that of Iran. Being a civil case of the judgment, impossibility of recognition, enforcement of tax and criminal judgments are among the similarities of the two systems. On the other hand, reciprocity, precise of the foreign court, and the jurisdiction governing the nature of the claim are among instances which are different in Iran and England legal systems on the recognizing of the enforcement of foreign judgments.

  15. Analysis of foreign schools of risk management

    OpenAIRE

    I.M. Posokhov

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to study the scientific development of foreign scientific schools of risk management and analysis of their main publications; the allocation of foreign scientific schools of risk management. The results of the analysis. Research of modern risk management is carried out leading foreign schools. The most famous school in the theory of financial risk and risk management is American school. Among its current members are D. Galai, H. Greuning, A...

  16. Foreign language didactics: Identity questions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michaela Píšová

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The efforts to emancipate foreign language didactics have been an ongoingand non-linear process launched in our country in the 50s of the previous century.Its key aspects may be presented as foreign language didactics identity questions.These include explicit delineation of the object and methodology of foreign languagedidactics on the basis of developmental analysis, current state of knowledge andtrends/approaches to the discipline. The issues related to the full-fledged scientificstatus of foreign language didactics are discussed both on a domain-general level(questions relevant for the whole field of subject didactics and on a domain-specificlevel (foreign language didactics specific questions.

  17. A number of issues on the bribery crime of foreign public officials or officials of public international organizations%贿赂外国公职人员或者国际公共组织官员罪若干问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鹏

    2011-01-01

    我国刑法中的贿赂外国公职人员或者国际公共组织官员罪,其渊源在于《联合国反腐败公约》。但是,在我国将国际公约内化为国内刑法的过程中,本罪的若干方面仍与公约存在脱节之处。笔者认为,应将本罪构成要件中的"不正当商业利益"修正为"不正当利益";重新界定"外国公职人员和国际公共组织官员"的内涵;扩大"贿赂"的范畴;最后提出在我国刑法中应增设外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员受贿罪。%the root of the bribery crime of foreign public officials or officials of public international organizations in China's criminal law is the "United Nations Convention against Corruption." However,in the process of changing the international conventions into the domestic criminal law, there are still a number of aspects of this crime out of touch with the Convention. The author believed that the constitute element of the crime,the "unfair commercial interests" should be modified to " improper benefit";redefined the meaning of "foreign public officials and officials of public international organizations";expanded the category of "bribe";and finally proposed to add the bribery crime of foreign public officials or officials of public international organizations in China's Criminal Law.

  18. Foreign Language Folio. A Guide to Cultural Resources and Field Trip Opportunities in the San Francisco Bay Area for Teachers and Students of Foreign Languages, 1983-85.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzales, Tony, Ed.; O'Connor, Roger, Ed.

    A listing of San Francisco area cultural resources and opportunities of use to foreign language teachers is presented. Included are the following: museums and galleries, schools, art sources, churches, clubs, cultural centers and organizations, publications and publishing companies, restaurants, food stores and markets, travel and tourism,…

  19. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... 80 percent of foreign body ingestions occur among children. Most foreign bodies pass through the gastrointestinal tract ... blockages that may require surgical removal of magnets. Children account for about 80 percent of foreign body ...

  20. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... limitations of foreign body detection and removal? What is Foreign Body Retrieval? Foreign body retrieval involves the ... or computed tomography (CT). top of page How is the procedure performed? There are a number of ...

  1. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... top of page What are the benefits vs. risks? Benefits Removal of a foreign body will reduce ... good tool for guiding foreign body removal procedures. Risks While foreign body removal procedures are safe and ...

  2. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... soft tissues. About 80 percent of foreign body ingestions occur among children. Most foreign bodies pass through ... account for about 80 percent of foreign body ingestions. Sometimes problems occur when button batteries are swallowed ...

  3. 国外公共图书馆健康信息服务研究进展%Study Progress of Health Information Services of Public Libraries in Foreign Countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖永英; 何兰满

    2012-01-01

    The main content of studies on health information services of public libraries in foreign countries includes: the role and effect of public libraries, empirical studies, healthy collection development, reference, outspread services for special groups, librarians training and cooperation with other organizations. There is a big gap between our country and foreign countries in the study on the health information services, such as the relatively short study history and less literatures, narrow scope of study, less empirical investigations and more theoretical researches. How to provide health information services for the disadvantage groups, and more large scale investigations about the situation of health information services of public libraries in some regions are research trends in the future in our country.%国外公共图书馆健康信息服务研究的内容主要包括:公共图书馆的角色和作用、实证研究、健康馆藏资源建设、参考咨询、对特殊群体的延伸服务、馆员培训及与其他机构的合作。而我国在这一领域的研究与国外相比存在着一定的差距,如研究历史较短,文献数量较少,研究内容较为单一,实证调查少,理论探讨多。公共图书馆如何为弱势群体提供健康信息服务,对某一地区公共图书馆健康信息服务情况进行较大规模的调查等,都是我国未来研究的发展趋势。

  4. Towards a Critical Pedagogy of Comparative Public Diplomacy: Pseudo-Education, Fear-Mongering and Insecurities in Canadian-American Foreign Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelles, Wayne

    2008-01-01

    Little research has examined public diplomacy as a comparative education issue, particularly regarding social-psychological, economic and political fears or personal and national insecurities. This paper discusses American public diplomacy as a mostly Cold War strategy adapted to post-9/11 national security interests, fears and desires. It further…

  5. Towards a Critical Pedagogy of Comparative Public Diplomacy: Pseudo-Education, Fear-Mongering and Insecurities in Canadian-American Foreign Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelles, Wayne

    2008-01-01

    Little research has examined public diplomacy as a comparative education issue, particularly regarding social-psychological, economic and political fears or personal and national insecurities. This paper discusses American public diplomacy as a mostly Cold War strategy adapted to post-9/11 national security interests, fears and desires. It further…

  6. The Phoenix of Foreign Policy: Isolationism’s Influence on U.S. Foreign Policy During the Twentieth Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    the West in general, and feared antagonism between Russia and the West 24 From a diary entry dated 30 September, 1916, contained in Foreign Relations of...defining contraband to suit its needs. London was cautious at first to avoid antagonizing the large section of American opinion resident in the...stigma be transferred like a bacillus . Although the publication of the blacklist aroused Wilson’s ire when it began including U.S. firms in July, 1916

  7. 32 CFR 154.70 - Foreign source information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Foreign source information. 154.70 Section 154....70 Foreign source information. Information that is classified by a foreign government is exempt from public disclosure under the Freedom of Information and Privacy Acts. Further, information provided by...

  8. 42 CFR 413.74 - Payment to a foreign hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Payment to a foreign hospital. 413.74 Section 413....74 Payment to a foreign hospital. (a) Principle. Section 1814(f) of the Act provides for the payment of emergency and nonemergency inpatient hospitals services furnished by foreign hospitals to Medicare...

  9. Bilingual Baby: Foreign Language Intervention in Madrid's Infant Education Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferjan Ramirez, Naja; Kuhl, Patricia

    2017-01-01

    The first years of life represent a unique window of opportunity for foreign language learning. However, key questions are: How much and what kind of foreign language exposure is needed to ignite learning? We conducted a foreign language (English) intervention in four public Infant Education Centers in Madrid, Spain. Intervention children (N =…

  10. Foreign body orbital cyst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yazdanfard, Younes; Heegard, Steffen; Fledelius, Hans C.

    2001-01-01

    Ophthalmology, penetrating orbital injury, orbital foreign body, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), histology......Ophthalmology, penetrating orbital injury, orbital foreign body, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), histology...

  11. Public Finance in China since the Late Qing Dynasty

    OpenAIRE

    Krug, Barbara

    2008-01-01

    textabstractHow is "public finance" organized in China? Is China’s public finance system different from that of other countries? Can we detect features which link today’s system to the past? Public finance refers to more than annual state budgets and constitutional procedures. It includes foreign debt, state monopolies or monetary policies, all of which played a crucial role in China’s public finance during the last hundred years. A purely legislative definition obscures the fact that changes...

  12. Three Dendromonocotyle species (Monogenea: Monocotylidae) reported from captive rays, including D. lotteri sp. n. from Himantura gerrardi (Elasmobranchii: Dasyatidae) in the public aquarium at the Atlantis resort, Dubai.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughan, David B; Chisholm, Leslie A

    2009-06-01

    Dendromonocotyle lotteri sp. n. is described from the dorsal skin surface of the stingray Himantura gerrardi (Gray) on exhibit in the public aquarium at the Atlantis resort in Dubai. It is differentiated from all other Dendromonocotyle species by the unique morphology of the distal portion of the sclerotised male copulatory organ. Dendromonocotyle lotteri is the second representative in the genus with 56 marginal haptoral papillae having a papillae to loculus association represented numerically as 6-6-8-8. We found Dendromonocotyle colorni Chisholm, Whittington et Kearn, 2001 on the same host specimens at the Atlantis resort public aquarium and Dendromonocotyle kuhlii Young, 1967 on Neotrygon kuhlii (Müller et Henle) kept at Burgers' Zoo Aquarium in Arnhem, The Netherlands. Supplemental information is provided for both D. colorni and D. kuhlii. The presence of Dendromonocotyle infections in public aquaria and host specificity are discussed. A key to the 17 species of Dendromonocotyle is also provided.

  13. Implications of Public Reporting of Risk-Adjusted Mortality Following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Misperceptions and Potential Consequences for High-Risk Patients Including Nonsurgical Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Anuj; Yeh, Robert W; Tamis-Holland, Jacqueline E; Patel, Shalin H; Guyton, Robert A; Klein, Lloyd W; Rab, Tanveer; Kirtane, Ajay J

    2016-10-24

    Assessment of clinical outcomes such as 30-day mortality following coronary revascularization procedures has historically been used to spur quality improvement programs. Public reporting of risk-adjusted outcomes is already mandated in several states, and proposals to further expand public reporting have been put forward as a means of increasing transparency and potentially incentivizing high quality care. However, for public reporting of outcomes to be considered a useful surrogate of procedural quality of care, several prerequisites must be met. First, the reporting measure must be truly representative of the quality of the procedure itself, rather than be dominated by other underlying factors, such as the overall level of illness of a patient. Second, to foster comparisons among physicians and institutions, the metric requires accurate ascertainment of and adjustment for differences in patient risk profiles. This is particularly relevant for high-risk clinical patient scenarios. Finally, the potential deleterious consequences of public reporting of a quality metric should be considered prior to expanding the use of public reporting more broadly. In this viewpoint, the authors review in particular the characterization of high-risk patients currently treated by percutaneous coronary interventional procedures, assessing the adequacy of clinical risk models used in this population. They then expand upon the limitations of 30-day mortality as a quality metric for percutaneous coronary intervention, addressing the strengths and limitations of this metric, as well as offering suggestions to enhance its future use in public reporting. Copyright © 2016 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Public Lands, Other, This would include all counties owned by Chippewa County that are not Forest or Park. Most lands obtained through tax deed., Published in 2013, Not Applicable scale, Chippewa County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — Public Lands, Other dataset current as of 2013. This would include all counties owned by Chippewa County that are not Forest or Park. Most lands obtained through tax...

  15. 涉外治安案件处置的原则与法定程序解析%Disposal principles and legal procedures of foreign-related public order cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欢

    2011-01-01

    This article started from the meaning of foreignrelated public order case, analyzed the particularity of its foreign factors,then discussed the five disposal principles of foreignrelated public order cases,and analyzed the legal procedures for handling foreignrelated cases,which was of very important theoretical and practical significance for the police officers to train the ability of handling foreignrelated public order cases.%该论文从涉外治安案件的含义入手,对其涉外因素的特殊性进行了分析,进而探讨了涉外治安案件的五大处置原则,并解析了涉外案件处置的法定程序,这对于涉外警务人员办理涉外治安案件能力的培养具有十分重要的理论和现实意义。

  16. From Public Relations to Corporate Public Diplomacy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Kirsten

    2017-01-01

    -win solutions supported by the general public. While existing research suggests that an important function of public relations is to create a perception of legitimacy and that the hope of economic and commercial public diplomacy is to create a perception of attractiveness among the public in foreign countries...

  17. A Free Pass for Foreign Firms? An Assessment of SEC and Private Enforcement Against Foreign Issuers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    NATALYA SHNITSER

    2010-01-01

    .... At the same time, U.S. courts have limited private enforcement against foreign issuers, thus restricting an alternative to public enforcement and further widening the gap between the corporate governance regime for U.S. issuers and the one for foreign issuers.

  18. 15 CFR 60.1 - Public information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public information. 60.1 Section 60.1 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PUBLIC INFORMATION § 60.1 Public information. The rules and procedures...

  19. Institute for International Public Policy Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Institute for International Public Policy program provides a single grant to assist a consortia of institutions of higher education in establishing an institute designed to increase the representation of minorities in international service, including private international voluntary organizations and the Foreign Service of the United States. A…

  20. Innovational Practice Education of the Public Relations in Universities of Foreign Language%外语类院校公共关系专业创新实践教育研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛国民

    2014-01-01

    在国际化人才培养的视角下,以广东外语外贸大学涉外公共关系专业教育教学改革实践为例,总结公共关系专业课程改革的成功经验,探索公共关系专业大学生创新能力培养的路径与方法,以及如何实现与市场公关人才需求的完全对接等。在此基础上,提炼国际化公共关系专业人才创新与培养的教育教学理论,并为开设公共关系专业的外语类院校,提供公共关系课程改革的理论基础,为制定该专业学生创新精神的培养提供明确指导方向,也为引导当前公共关系行业健康发展,提供智力支持。%In the context of international talent cultivation, drawing evidence from the reform practice in the international education of Public Relations in Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, we summarize successful experience in the cur-riculum reform about the Public Relations, explore its methods and ways of achieving completely the requirements for talents on the market, etc. On this basis, we reifne the theory of innovative talents’ education and teaching of the international Public Relations, provide the theoretical basis of curriculum reform for the university with such a course, provide clear direction to the students involved, guide the current industry of Public Relations toward healthy development and give intellectual support to it.

  1. 公共服务质量评价:国外经验与中国改革取向%Evaluation of Public Service Quality:Foreign Experience and Reform Orientation in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林闽钢; 杨钰

    2016-01-01

    提升公共服务能力,改善公共服务供给水平,以高质量的公共服务回应日益增长的公共服务需求已成为西方发达国家的政府共识。各国基于不同的背景与动因推行公共服务质量管理,基于公民权利、政府责任等共同理念促使各国政府引入企业中质量管理的理念以提升公共服务质量,积累了多种公共服务质量评价方法;评价结果通过各种质量奖、政府改革得以反馈,建立起公共服务质量管理的良性运行机制。国外公共服务质量评价为我国服务型政府建设,及其推进公共服务均等化提供了借鉴,我国各级政府在行政改革中亦进行了诸多改善公共服务质量的有益探索,而未来改革应在公共服务质量评价的公共服务需求表达机制,构建公共服务质量评价的激励机制,开展专业化、行业化公共服务质量评价等方面有更大进展。%In response to the growing demand,It is the global government consensus to improve public service quality.Although different countries are based on different national backgrounds and motivation of public service quality management practice,All governments introduce enterprise quality management concepts to improve the quality of public services.Foreign governments provide the experience,such as a variety of evaluation methods,quality awards,establishing better mechanism of public service quality.In China,governments at all levels have made exploration in public service quality.The future public service quality reform should construct the demand expression mechanism, enforce the incentive of public service quality evaluation.

  2. Endoscopic Removal of 15 Gastrointestinal Foreign Bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bircan Savran

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Foreign body ingestion occurs commonly in children, elderly, mentally impaired or alcoholic, and psychiatric patients. We present a 15-year-old boy with mental retardation and uncontrolled psychiatric disorder admitted to the hospital with abdominal and chest pain. He was diagnosed with foreign body ingestion and 15 foreign objects, including a sharp knife, were successfully removed endoscopically by using an over-tube.

  3. Does Foreign Aid Increase Foreign Direct Investment?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Selaya, Pablo; Sunesen, Eva Rytter

      The notion that foreign aid and foreign direct investment (FDI) are complementary sources of capital is conventional among governments and international cooperation agencies. This paper argues that the notion is incomplete. Within the framework of an open economy Solow model we show that the th......  The notion that foreign aid and foreign direct investment (FDI) are complementary sources of capital is conventional among governments and international cooperation agencies. This paper argues that the notion is incomplete. Within the framework of an open economy Solow model we show...

  4. 国外公共数字文化资源整合宏观管理及其启示%Macro Management of Foreign Public Digital Cultural Resources Integration and the References to Our Country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖希明; 杨蕾

    2015-01-01

    文章从政策法规与战略规划指导、资金保障制度及组织体系等管理要素出发,对国外公共数字文化资源整合的宏观管理进行调查与分析,其管理战略表现为:在政策法规与战略规划的科学引导下,以多渠道的充足资金作保障,构建一种符合实际、结构合理的组织管理体系。最后根据国外这些成功的经验,从政策法规与战略规划的制定、资金来源与长效机制、管理体系等方面提出了对我国公共数字文化资源整合的启示。%Starting from management factors like policy and strategic planning, funds safeguard system, and organizational system, this paper investigates and analyzes the macro management of foreign public digital cultural resources integration. And the management strategies represent as follows: under the scientific guidance of policy and strategic planning, with multi-channel sufficient funds as a guarantee, building a practical and reasonable management system. Successful experiences of foreign countries can provide references for China to carry out relevant practices.

  5. [Foreign dentures and dental tourism--willingness-to-pay and factors influencing the demand for foreign dental prosthesis in Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köberlein, J; Klingenberger, D

    2011-07-01

    With the progressive realisation of the single European market, public interest has been directed towards cross-border healthcare services to an increasing extent. More and more dentures are being imported into Germany from foreign countries. Furthermore, patients are becoming ever more mobile, travelling to other countries to receive prosthetic treatment from dentists. The objective of this evaluation was to determine by means of a dedicated questionnaire the patients' individual preferences for foreign dentures and the potential savings. 1 368 individuals between the ages of 30 and 75 years were interviewed within a representative omnibus survey. The evaluation of the individual willingness-to-pay included 4 treatment scenarios, which were assessed by the participants in a "bidding game". Participants could choose between a "crown scenario" and an "implant scenario", both with the subcategories "foreign dentures" and "dental tourism". The direct comparison revealed a preference for the "foreign dentures" option over "dental tourism". Average willingness-to-pay for the dental tourism option in the crown scenario was calculated as 80 Euro, and in the implant scenario as 280 Euro less in comparison with the willingness-to-pay for the foreign dentures option. The willingness to switch to a less expensive dentist was one of the main determinants in the causal explanation for the variance in willingness-to-pay. Quality proved to be the decisive criterion and was indicated by 92.4% participants. A lower price for dentures played a subordinate role and was only stated as the decisive factor by 31.1% participants. In conclusion, the results clearly indicate that the decision for or against foreign dentures and the extent of willingness-to-pay depends on a range of criteria, of which "price" is only one and not the decisive factor. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  6. Effectiveness of Foreign Humanitarian Assistance Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    inclusion of pictures, maps, graphics, and any other works incorporated into this manuscript. A work of the United States Government is not subject to...Assistance FMF Foreign Military Financing FMS Foreign Military Sales IMET International Military Education and Training JP Joint Publication NMS...time for the next term. Japanese and American military personnel rescued over 25,000 people from the affected area.2 The Japanese Defense Minister

  7. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... of page What are some common uses of the procedure? Foreign body retrieval is used to remove ... the foreign body. top of page What does the equipment look like? A variety of x-ray ...

  8. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Us News Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Foreign Body Retrieval Foreign body retrieval is the ... may undergo an ultrasound, x-ray or CT scan to locate and remove the object. Tell your ...

  9. ForeignAssistance.gov

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — ForeignAssistance.gov provides a view of U.S. Government foreign assistance funds across agencies and enables users to explore, analyze, and review aid investments...

  10. Foreign Aid Explorer)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — The Foreign Aid Explorer shows the multi-dimensional picture of U.S. foreign assistance through a highly visual and interactive website. The website makes it easy...

  11. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... of page What are some common uses of the procedure? Foreign body retrieval is used to remove ... the foreign body. top of page What does the equipment look like? A variety of x-ray ...

  12. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... surrounding tissues. top of page What are some common uses of the procedure? Foreign body retrieval is ... air-filled lungs, are poorly suited for ultrasound. Common equipment for identifying and removing foreign bodies from ...

  13. Foreign Investment Expanded

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The paid-in foreign direct investment in China totaled $74.8 billion in 2007,up 13.6 percent year on year Foreign investment in China has continued robust growth despite the new corporate income tax poli- cies. Figures from the National Bureau of Statistics show that paid-in foreign direct investment(FDI)(excluding investment from foreign financial institutions)totaled $74.8 billion in 2007,up 13.6 percent year

  14. Macroeconomic Issues in Foreign Aid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjertholm, Peter; Laursen, Jytte; White, Howard

    foreign aid, macroeconomics of aid, gap models, aid fungibility, fiscal response models, foreign debt,......foreign aid, macroeconomics of aid, gap models, aid fungibility, fiscal response models, foreign debt,...

  15. North American Foreign Fighters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Noonan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available While the phenomenon of so-called “foreign fighters” is in no way new the past thirty-plus years has shown a marked increase in the numbers of individuals traveling abroad to fight in civil conflicts in the Muslim world. The crisis in Syria (2011-present has created a massive influx of such individuals going to fight. Of particular concern in western capitals has been the numbers of individuals from those countries that have gone to fight in that conflict which has since crossed the border into neighboring Iraq with the establishment of the socalled “Islamic State” and threatens to broaden the conflict into a larger regional sectarian conflagration. While the numbers of such participants from Western Europe have been greater than those who have gone from the United States and Canada there are legitimate concerns in both Washington, DC, and Ottawa about American and Canadian citizens who have gone—or attempted to go—to fight there and in other locales such as the Maghreb and Somalia. The analysis here will provide some background on the foreign fighter phenomenon, discuss the foreign fighter flow model, explore the issue from both Canadian and US perspectives to include providing details of some original research categorizing the characteristics of a small sample of US and Canadian fighters and those who attempted to go and fight, discuss how both governments have attempted to deal with the issue, and offer some policy prescription for dealing with this issue that is of importance to both international security writ large and domestic security in the US and Canada.

  16. Computed tomographic diagnosis of nongastrointestinal foreign bodies in dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Jeryl C; Ober, Christopher P

    2007-01-01

    Clinical data and computed tomography (CT) studies were reviewed for 13 dogs with confirmed nongastrointestinal foreign bodies. Locations of foreign bodies were the nasal cavity, thoracic wall, retropharyngeal region, and cerebellum. Types of foreign bodies included small plant components, blades of grass, wooden sticks, cloth fibers, and a needle. Foreign bodies in five dogs were not identified on CT, and secondary reactions resembled neoplastic or fungal disease. In eight dogs, foreign bodies were recognized by their shape and/or internal architecture. In two dogs, three-dimensional reformatting helped demonstrate foreign bodies in relation to palpable bony landmarks.

  17. 78 FR 2251 - Expansion of Foreign-Trade Zone 44; Morris County, NJ

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-10

    ..., notice inviting public comment has been given in the Federal Register (76 FR 80885, 12/27/11) and the...; ] DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Foreign-Trade Zones Board Expansion of Foreign-Trade Zone 44; Morris County,...

  18. The Present Situation of the Second Language Teaching in Japanese Universities and Its Enlightment to China's Public Foreign Language Education of Universites%日本大学公共第二外语教育现状及对我国大学公共外语教育的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李战军; 任锋; 赵国齐

    2012-01-01

    This paper takes University of Tokyo and many other Japanese universities as examples to analyze the characteristics of Japan's second foreign language education. In Japan second foreign language is a compulsory subject. The country also has high diversification in stu- dent-centered second foreign language education. The article also carried out a comparative study to analyze the current situation of Cbina's second foreign language education. It points out that public foreign language education (especially the second foreign language education) in China should learn from Japan's mature educational experience to reinforce second foreign language education reform, and improve the teaching quality in order to satisfy the learning needs of Chinese students.%以东京大学等多所大学的第二外语教育为例,分析了日本大学将第二外语作为必修科目、外语语种丰富多样、贯彻学生本位等特点,并在与我国大学第二外语教学的现状进行对比的基础上,指出我国大学公共外语(尤其是第二外语)应借鉴其成熟的教育经验,加强第二外语教育改革,提高第二外语的教学质量,满足广大学生的学习需求。

  19. Problems with packaged sources in foreign countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abeyta, Cristy L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Matzke, James L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zarling, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tompkin, J. Andrew [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's (GTRI) Off-Site Source Recovery Project (OSRP), which is administered by the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), removes excess, unwanted, abandoned, or orphan radioactive sealed sources that pose a potential threat to national security, public health, and safety. In total, GTRI/OSRP has been able to recover more than 25,000 excess and unwanted sealed sources from over 825 sites. In addition to transuranic sources, the GTRI/OSRP mission now includes recovery of beta/gamma emitting sources, which are of concern to both the U.S. government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This paper provides a synopsis of cooperative efforts in foreign countries to remove excess and unwanted sealed sources by discussing three topical areas: (1) The Regional Partnership with the International Atomic Energy Agency; (2) Challenges in repatriating sealed sources; and (3) Options for repatriating sealed sources.

  20. Foreign Language Research in Cross-Cultural Perspective. Volume 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Bot, Kees, Ed.; And Others

    Papers from a conference on empirical research on foreign language instruction in Europe and the United States include: "Foreign Language Instruction and Second Language Acquisition Research in the United States" (Charles A. Fergurson, Thom Huebner); "Empirical Foreign Language Research in Europe" (Theo van Els, Kees de Bot, Bert Weltens);…

  1. Foreign Investors Able to Establish Foreign- exclusively Exhibition Corporations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Foreign Investors Able to Establish Foreign-exclusively Exhibition Corporations In Feb, Ministry of Commerce issued its 1st decree on temporary regulation for foreign-investing corporations; the regulation allows foreign investors to set up foreign-investing convention & exhibition corporations exclusively or through cooperation with other Chinese corporations, enterprises or organizations. With legal protection on their regulatory management and legal rights, these foreign-investing corporations are in the charge of Department of Foreign Investment Administration, Ministry of Commerce.

  2. Endoscopic Removal of an Unusual Foreign Body Causing Gastrointestinal Bleeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Karaman

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Foreign body ingestion is a condition more common in the pediatric population than in adults. In adults, although foreign body ingestion can be well tolerated, approximately 10–20% of patients require endoscopic intervention. Delayed diagnosis and unremoved foreign bodies can cause serious and fatal complications including perforation, fistula and gastrointestinal bleeding. Here we report a patient with bleeding duodenal ulcer thought to be initiated by a large foreign body.

  3. Teaching the Basics in the Foreign Language Classroom: Options and Strategies. Report of Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benseler, David P., Ed.

    The following papers on essential issues in foreign language instruction are included: (1) "Futurism, Basic Education, and the Foreign Language Curriculum," by Frank M. Grittner; (2) "The Foreign Language Teacher as 'Con Artist,'" by Jean S. Hughes; (3) "Motivational Factors and Student Retention in School Foreign Language Programs," by Pamela J.…

  4. Discriminatory public procurement policies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ssennoga, Francis

    2010-01-01

    To achieve social economic objectives, governments usually institute discriminatory practices in their country’s public procurement framework. Discriminatory procurement is the practice by governments to favour their own domestic suppliers over foreign firms for advertised contracts. Favouring domes

  5. Utilización de los hospitales públicos por la población extranjera en Aragón (2004-2007 Public hospital utilization by the foreign population in Aragon, Spain (2004-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wafa Ben Cheikh

    2011-08-01

    of hospital discharges of the foreign population in public hospitals in Aragon. Utilization rates were estimated by sex, age, country of birth and main diagnosis. Poisson regression was used to estimate the utilization rate ratios and their 95% confidence intervals. Results: Hospitalization rates were lower in the foreign population (adjusted RR: 0.52; 95% CI: 0.51-0.56, except in women aged between 15 and 24years (RR: 2.9; 95% CI: 2.8-3.0 and among those born in the Maghreb (RR: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.7; 1.9, sub-Saharan Africa (RR: 2.0; 95% CI: 1.9-2.1 and Asia (RR=1.4; 95% CI: 1.3-1.6. When hospital discharges related to obstetrics and gynecology were excluded, only women born in sub-Saharan Africa continued to have adjusted RR greater than 1. These women had higher hospitalization rates in groups of infectious and parasitic diseases (RR: 2.5 and blood and blood-forming organs (RR: 2.8. Conclusions: In Aragon (Spain, public hospital utilization is lower in foreigners than in the autochthonous population. The diseases treated varied by country of birth. The diseases prevalent in these countries, together with hereditary diseases, can increase hospital utilization rates.

  6. Interaction of foreign-speaking persons with the public services: community interpreting in Slovenia: Sporazumevanje tujegovorečih oseb v postopkih pred državnimi organi in javnimi službami: tolmačenje za skupnost v Sloveniji:

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The article presents a pilot study as part of on-going research on community interpreting. It investigates the interaction of foreign-speaking persons with officials in public service administration by exploring the settings, the participants and the characteristics of these situations through empirical survey research. Despite fair language skills, immigrants and officials often encounter difficulties in mutual understanding, whereas an impromptu interpreter may either mistakenly take contro...

  7. CHALLENGES FOR FOREIGN TEACHERS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DengJing

    2004-01-01

    The learner differences and contrasts between the two cultures involved are important aspects that influence foreign language teaching and learning. The foreign teacher as an outsider of the learner's native culture, inevitably faces quite a few challenges. With the focus on the self-esteem, character types, and motivation of the learner, the paper analyses how these factors influence the foreign teacher's teaching. Relevant solutions are also proposed.

  8. Foreign Operation Methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welch, Lawrence S.; Benito, Gabriel R. G.; Petersen, Bent

    Introduction and theory -- Introduction -- Theoretical approaches -- Modes of operation -- Franchising -- Licensing -- Management contracts -- International subcontracting -- Project operations -- Exports -- Alliances -- Foreign direct investment -- Strategies -- Mode switching and stretching...

  9. Foreign Operation Methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welch, Lawrence S.; Benito, Gabriel R. G.; Petersen, Bent

    Introduction and theory -- Introduction -- Theoretical approaches -- Modes of operation -- Franchising -- Licensing -- Management contracts -- International subcontracting -- Project operations -- Exports -- Alliances -- Foreign direct investment -- Strategies -- Mode switching and stretching...

  10. Foreign language education of seniors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Határ Ctibor

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is of a theoretical-conceptual nature and is a partial outcome of the research project VEGA MŠVVaŠ SR and SAV no. 1/0176/15. It deals with one of the problems currently faced by educational theory and practice, i.e. the foreign language education of seniors. The trend is typical for many EU member states, since it results from the needs of a modern society. In addition to strategic documents, programs and legislation which binds the Slovak Republic to create conditions for lifelong education, including foreign language education, the authors are more closely preoccupied with specificities and possibilities of the language education of seniors, which are explained on a comparative basis with the language education of children and youth. Even though in literature one can find results of many substantial empirical research projects devoted to foreign language education of children and youth, research into the education of adults and seniors in the area of foreign languages falls behind considerably. A sufficient platform for the methodology of language education of adults and seniors in Slovakia has not been created either, if compared with the methodology of language education of younger age categories. This shortcoming is often quite noticeable in practice. The study attempts to pay adequate attention to the analysis of selected teaching styles specific for adult and senior age as well as teaching methods which may be used in the language education of seniors.

  11. WHAT ABOUT FOREIGN LANGUAGES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    GARTNER, JUDITH; AND OTHERS

    THE IMPORTANCE OF LEARNING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IS STRESSED IN A BRIEF BROCHURE DESIGNED FOR STUDENTS OF ALL LEVELS, PARENTS, TEACHERS, COUNSELORS, AND ADMINISTRATORS. INFORMATION IS GIVEN ON WHEN TO BEGIN A LANGUAGE, THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING ABLE TO SPEAK A LANGUAGE, USES FOR A FOREIGN LANGUAGE AT HOME, LANGUAGE JOB OPPORTUNITIES, AND LANGUAGE…

  12. Foreign Investment Welcome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    New procedures will help facilitate mergers and acquisitions by foreign companies in China The State Council,or China’s cabinet,said in a February statement that China will establish a ministerial panel to review foreign firms’ attempts to buy,or merge with,domestic companies.The committee, led by the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of

  13. Foreign Investment Welcome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ New procedures will help facilitate mergers and acquisitions by foreign companies in China The State Council, or China's cabinet, said in a February statement that China will establish a ministerial panel to review foreign firms' attempts to buy, or merge with, domestic companies.

  14. Foreign Investment Welcome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    BusinessWeek recently published an article reporting that China is becoming hostile to foreign capital and that China's policy on foreign investment will change to reflect that attitude. Yi Xianrong, a researcher at the Institute of Finance and Banking of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, explains China's position in an article posted on People's Daily Online.

  15. [Foreign immigration in Spain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serra Yoldi, I

    1997-01-01

    This article, translated from the original Spanish, analyzes recent trends in immigration to Spain. Information is provided on annual totals of immigrants and emigrants, 1976-1991; resident foreigners by nationality, 1990-1994; resident foreigners by province and continent of origin, 1991; occupations of immigrants, 1990-1991; migrant characteristics; attitudes toward immigration; and assimilation of immigrants.

  16. A study on environmental regulation and public inquiry system of nuclear facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sang Hun [Korea Association for Nuclear Technology, Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Chang Sun; Son, Ki Yon; Cho, Young Ho; Yang, Ji Won; Lee, Young Wook; Ko, Hyun Suk [Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-03-15

    Public hearing system for domestic and foreign nuclear facilities are investigated and analyzed. As a result, Korean public hearing system are developed. Atomic Energy Act, Environmental Impact Assessment Act and Administrative Procedure Act of Korea are reviewed and appropriate acts, regulations, procedures and mandates of foreign countries including U.S.A are reviewed and analyzed. On the basis of these results the role of device to collect public opinion is identified for nuclear facility of Korea and the elementary principle of the system and recommendations are developed.

  17. KEY WDRDS for Foreign Investment in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ FDI(Foreign Direct Investment),a component of a country's national financlal accounts,is investment of foreign assets into domestic structures,equipment,and organizations.It does not include foreign investment into the stock markets,concession and subcontract.FDI iS thought to be more useful to a country than investments in the equity of its companies because equity investments are potentially "hot money"which can leave at the first sign of trouble,whereas FDI is durable and generally useful whether things go well or badly.

  18. The Olympics' Impacts on China's Foreign Trade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Xinliang

    2008-01-01

    @@ The Beijing Olympics will have a lasting effect on China, especially on its politics and diplomacy, but the Olympics will only have limited and indirect influence on its foreign trade in my view. The rapid increase of China's foreign trade has remained a strong trend and could not be easily changed or accelerated by other factors including the Olympics. Meanwhile, China doesn't expect the Olympics to be a propeller for its foreign trade. With the fast development of past years.China has become one of the most important global trading nations that can be easily told from the perspective of its share of international trade flows.

  19. Business Q & As as for Foreign Business Practice in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ What materials are needed for foreign-funded enterprises to increase capital? Where to handle? For foreign-funded enterprise adjusting registered capital,please submit the examination and approval materials to the former approval organ for direct examination and approval in according to the provisions including the Circular of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation, and the State Administration of Industry and Commerce on Relevant Provisions and Procedures for Foreign Investment Enterprises to Adjust Total Investment and Registered Capital (Wai Jing Mao Fa [1995] No. 366) and the Notice on printing and distributing the Provisions on the Alteration of Investors' equity in Foreign Investment Enterprises.

  20. Full Service Included

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ISABELDING

    2005-01-01

    At the beginning of the 1990s, with the opening of the market, foreign real estate consultants began to enter China. At that time, they mainly provided services such as facility management to the local clients, with their other functions seldom noticed and utilized. However, with the booming development of China's real estate market, foreign real estate consultants have become more and more important to the local developers.

  1. Realism in Foreign Policy Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wivel, Anders

    2017-01-01

    'Realism in Foreign Policy Analysis' traces how realist thinking on foreign policy has developed over the years and discusses the challenges and opportunities faced by various strands of realism when applied to foreign policy analysis.......'Realism in Foreign Policy Analysis' traces how realist thinking on foreign policy has developed over the years and discusses the challenges and opportunities faced by various strands of realism when applied to foreign policy analysis....

  2. 48 CFR 1835.016-70 - Foreign participation under broad agency announcements (BAAs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) NASA funding may not be used for subcontracted foreign research efforts. The direct purchase of... foreign proposals or proposals including foreign participation. NASA's policy is to conduct research with... research proposals or foreign research efforts that are part of U.S. research proposals....

  3. Culture and Foreign Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu Xuhong

    2009-01-01

    This paper argues that cross -cultural communication between Chinese and Foreigners often runs into trouble. Some factors which block communication lie in culture - governed structures of language. In view of the fact that the cultural messages are reflected in people' s daily use of language, culture dements should not be overlooked in FLT. This paper attempts to explore the ways of including culture teaching in the language classroom.

  4. [A study on tuberculosis cases among over-staying foreigners].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamura, J; Sawada, T

    2000-02-01

    An analysis was made on eighty-four cases of tuberculosis (TB) among over-staying foreigners during the past 9 years at Minatomachi Medical Center. All of them did not enroll in any health insurance system because they were illegal immigrants. Most of them were in their twenties and thirties. The ratio of male to female was four to one. By ethnic origin, the proportion was highest among Filipinos (30%), followed by Koreans (23%), Pakistanis (13%) and Indians (7%). Half of them had been in Japan for more than two years. Most patients sought care due to symptoms rather than as a result of the efforts of public health centers to screen foreigners. The proportion of extrapulmonary TB among all types of TB was 35% overall. Compared with pulmonary TB cases, patient's as well as doctor's delay was more marked among extrapulmonary TB cases. Forty cases were treated at Minatomachi Medical Center and forty-four cases were referred to another hospitals. The default rate including repatriation was as high as 41%, and the reasons for this high defaulting rate were as follows: 1. Language barrier, 2. Worry for loosing work during treatment, 3. Worry for high medical costs because of no coverage by a health insurance scheme, 4. Lack of information on medical systems and TB, 5. Worry for forced repatriation by the immigration office. In addition, some cases were not followed up due to unkind behaviour of attending physicians. The following measures are needed to prevent the epidemic of tuberculosis among overstaying foreigners and our societies. a) To provide free medical check-ups b) To provide easy access to medical facilities c) To utilize the tuberculosis prevention law d) To follow up patient thoroughly and strictly e) To explain TB in their mother languages f) To change the immigration law and its system g) To make liaison with other organizations such as medical facilities and NGOs, including foreign ones, and exchange informations h) To build good human relations with

  5. 78 FR 6067 - BE-37: Survey of U.S. Airline Operators' Foreign Revenues and Expenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-29

    ... Bureau of Economic Analysis XRIN 0691-XC006 BE-37: Survey of U.S. Airline Operators' Foreign Revenues and... public that it is conducting a mandatory survey titled Survey of U.S. Airline Operators' Foreign Revenues... survey is intended to collect information on U.S. airline operators' foreign revenues and expenses. How...

  6. 75 FR 81205 - Renewal of the Advisory Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-27

    ... DEVELOPMENT Renewal of the Advisory Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid AGENCY: United States Agency for... Voluntary Foreign Aid for a two-year period beginning January 15, 2011 is necessary and in the public... Hubbard, Executive Director, Advisory Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid (ACVFA), U.S. Agency...

  7. 22 CFR 216.8 - Public hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Public hearings. 216.8 Section 216.8 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROCEDURES § 216.8 Public hearings. (a) In most... some cases the Administrator may wish to hold public hearings on draft Environmental Impact...

  8. Foreign Policy Involvement Matters: Towards an Analytical Framework Examining the Role of the Media in the Making of Foreign Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerstin Schulz

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Foreign policy processes have long played a minor role in the study of political communication. There is a broad consensus that the media is the central mediating actor and primary conduit between political decision-makers and the public. However, the media’s influence on foreign policy remains contingent across various processes and phases of foreign policy making; it is dynamic and multi-directional. Considering that the public sphere is essential for the legitimacy of foreign policy making, there is a demand for further research on the media’s performance in the making of foreign policy. Based on secondary research, this paper proposes an analytical framework for the systematic analysis of media–foreign policy relations by integrating foreign-policy context conditions as a research variable. The framework is based on the assumption that the role of the media varies across diverse foreign policy contexts depending on the intensity of governmental involvement in foreign affairs. The intensity is distinguished according to three dimensions: no involvement, indirect involvement and direct involvement. Finally, a case study is suggested in order to demonstrate the framework’s explanatory power: the German media coverage of Russia.

  9. 22 CFR 303.5 - Public reading room.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Public reading room. 303.5 Section 303.5 Foreign... Public reading room. (a) The Peace Corps will maintain a public reading room at its headquarters at 1111... records will be made available in the public reading room: (1) All final public opinions,...

  10. Closing the Knowledge Gap in Foreign Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyles, Marjorie A.; Pedersen, Torben; Petersen, Bent

    The study explores how firms close their knowledge gaps in relation to business environments of foreign markets. Potential determinants are derived from traditional internationalization process theory as well as more recent literature on organizational learning processes, including the concept...... of absorptive capacity. Building on these two literature streams a conceptual model is developed and tested on a set of primary data of Danish firms and their foreign market operations. The empirical study suggests that factors considered essential in traditional internationalization process theory...

  11. [Foreign Body in Esophagus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domeki, Yasushi; Kato, Hiroyuki

    2015-07-01

    An esophageal foreign body is the term for a foreign body in the esophagus. The 2 age groups most prone to this condition are children age 9 and under (and especially toddlers age 4 and under) and elderly individuals age 70 and over. A foreign body often lodges where the esophagus is most constricted. In toddlers, the foreign body is often currency or coins or a toy. In adults, the body is often a piece of fish, dentures, a piece of meat, a pin or needle, or a drug in its blister pack packaging. In children, an esophageal foreign body is treated by fluoroscopically guided removal of the body with a balloon catheter or magnetic catheter or removal of the body via endoscopy or direct esophagoscopy under general anesthesia. In adults, the best choice for treating an esophageal foreign body is removing the body with an endoscope but there are instances where surgery is performed because the body is hard to remove endoscopically, a puncture has occurred, or empyema or mediastinitis has developed. This paper reviews the diagnosis and treatment of an esophageal foreign body.

  12. Mass Media Influence on Foreign Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Ivančević, Bosiljka

    2012-01-01

    A main purpose of the thesis is to demonstrate and explain to what extend do media influence foreign policy of a state. Foreign policy is always under internal and external influences and media are considered to be one of those external influences that shape it. Agenda setting theory forms the theoretical frame for this thesis because it takes into consideration not just direct media-government relations but the public as well that inside of this relation serves as some sort of mediator. Besi...

  13. 17 CFR 239.43 - Form F-N, appointment of agent for service of process by foreign banks and foreign insurance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... for service of process by foreign banks and foreign insurance companies and certain of their holding companies and finance subsidiaries making public offerings of securities in the United States. 239.43... holding companies and finance subsidiaries making public offerings of securities in the United...

  14. Public Relations: Roles, Entry Requirements and Professionalism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kadek Dwi Cahaya Putra

    2013-01-01

    .... With working roles of Expert Prescriber, Communication Facilitator, Problem Solving Facilitator and Communication Technician, a Public Relations needs to be well prepared by learning foreign language...

  15. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... only 10 to 20 percent of the time. Evaluation and treatment will depend on the type of ... bones also may be difficult to visualize. Additional evaluation is required when the suspected foreign body is ...

  16. Foreign Body Extraction Device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Lavy

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Foreign bodies in the gastrointestinal tract are common. Mostly they are swallowed accidentally by children but also by adults. When round and slippery, foreign bodies cause a technical problem for removal. After several days in the stomach they are covered with mucus and extraction becomes even harder. There are various devices designed for use through the flexible endoscope for grasping foreign bodies but due to the great variety of objects, one may face a real problem while trying to remove them. We faced a challenge in a woman who underwent vertical band gastroplasty and was obstructed by a round and slippery hazelnut. We managed to remove the nut using a simple homemade device. This device is easy to make, cheap, and simple to use and maybe useful for various foreign bodies.

  17. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to numb your throat. This eliminates the gag reflex and enables the physician to perform the examination ... chances of suffering an infection or an allergic reaction. Prompt removal of the foreign body will ensure ...

  18. Multiple foreign body granulomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panvelkar V

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of multiple foreign body granulomas occurring after mine-blast injury in a soldier is reported. Systemic steroids with antibiotics given essentially for eczematoid dermatitis produced good clinical improvement with marked resolution of granulomas.

  19. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... especially to iodinated contrast materials. Leave jewelry at home and wear loose, comfortable clothing. You may be ... relative or friend accompany you and drive you home afterward. Foreign bodies are typically dealt with in ...

  20. FOREIGN BANKS WELCOMED

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Honoring its WTO commitments, China has begun to allow local incorporation by foreign banks, endowing them with the same status as their Chinese counterparts in an attempt to encourage diversified development in the Chinese banking sector On March 18, Wi

  1. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... but the foreign body remains trapped in the lung. This typically occurs in children and requires removal ... the body while other areas, especially air-filled lungs, are poorly suited for ultrasound. Common equipment for ...

  2. The Foreign Student Dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altbach, Philip G.

    1985-01-01

    Analytical introduction and 313-item annotated bibliography address foreign student infrastructure, highlighting academic experiences and performance; adaptation problems; policies (institutional, industrialized nations, Third World nations); educational studies (attitudinal, behavioral, disciplinary, historical, statistical); issues (non-return,…

  3. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... extended over the patient while an x-ray film holder or image recording plate is placed beneath ... through the body, recording an image on photographic film or a special detector. Many foreign bodies, like ...

  4. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... pregnant. Many imaging tests are not performed during pregnancy so as not to expose the fetus to ... See the Safety page for more information about pregnancy and x-rays. If the foreign body is ...

  5. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... in the esophagus, you may receive an intravenous drug to relax the esophagus and allow the object to pass through the digestive tract. Other drugs taken by mouth can help blunt foreign objects ...

  6. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... may become lodged in the esophagus and cause pain, even though they are able to swallow. Larger ... the stomach or intestines can cause severe abdominal pain, fever, fainting and shock. Foreign bodies in the ...

  7. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... body ingestions occur among children. Most foreign bodies pass through the gastrointestinal tract without complication, and endoscopic ... be dislodged rather than removed so that they pass safely through the digestive system. top of page ...

  8. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Soft tissue foreign bodies can cause infection and damage to surrounding tissues. top of page What are ... will reduce chances of an infection that could damage tissue, nerves and blood vessels, block blood flow ...

  9. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... examination consists of a radiographic table, one or two x-ray tubes and a television-like monitor ... to orient foreign bodies with the use of two snares. The catheter is guided into place just ...

  10. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... only 10 to 20 percent of the time. Evaluation and treatment will depend on the type of ... bones also may be difficult to visualize. Additional evaluation is required when the suspected foreign body is ...

  11. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... saved. Using an ultrasound transducer to visualize the location of the object, the physician may make an ... the surgical instrument as it advances to the location of the foreign object in real-time. Your ...

  12. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... You also may need a tetanus shot to prevent a potentially deadly infection of the nervous system. ... the foreign body. You will remain in the recovery room until you are completely awake and ready ...

  13. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... tissue, such as a splinter embedded under the skin, you may undergo an ultrasound, x-ray or ... that gets embedded in the tissue under the skin. Soft tissue foreign bodies can cause infection and ...

  14. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... tissue, such as a splinter embedded under the skin, you may undergo an ultrasound, x-ray or ... that gets embedded in the tissue under the skin. Soft tissue foreign bodies can cause infection and ...

  15. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... You also may need a tetanus shot to prevent a potentially deadly infection of the nervous system. ... the foreign body. You will remain in the recovery room until you are completely awake and ready ...

  16. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... in the esophagus, you may receive an intravenous drug to relax the esophagus and allow the object to pass through the digestive tract. Other drugs taken by mouth can help blunt foreign objects ...

  17. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... is located near vital structures like nerves and blood vessels, so your physician may choose to leave it ... other areas of the body, or enter your blood vessels. Removal of larger foreign bodies will ensure that ...

  18. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... object is solid or filled with fluid). In medicine, ultrasound is used to detect changes in appearance, ... Anesthesia Safety X-ray, Interventional Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Radiation Safety Videos related to Foreign Body Retrieval ...

  19. Unusual orbital foreign bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agarwal P

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Retained intraorbital organic foreign bodies, particularly wooden, are commonly encountered in ophthalmologic practice. We treated two children who had sustained such injury while playing. They presented to us with non-healing sinus with purulent discharge. In one of the patients, X-rays and CT scan helped to clinch the diagnosis, whereas in the other patient diagnosis was possible by correlating history with clinical findings. Surgical exploration in both patients helped us to remove the foreign bodies. Surprisingly, both the foreign bodies were 7 cm long wooden pieces. We, however, caution that management of such cases should be conservative and that surgical exploration be done only in case of complication. From our experience, we recommend proper localisation by all possible means, blunt dissection, careful haemostasis coupled with excellent lighting and exposure in the atraumatic removal of intraorbital foreign bodies.

  20. Theories and myths of European foreign policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manners, Ian James

    2014-01-01

    Thinking about European foreign policy (EFP) can be frustrated by the uncertainties of terms and definitions, as well as by the exclusive tendencies of foreign policy analysis. The uncertainties over how to interpret EFP are multiplied in a more global era reconfigured by globalising, multilatera......Thinking about European foreign policy (EFP) can be frustrated by the uncertainties of terms and definitions, as well as by the exclusive tendencies of foreign policy analysis. The uncertainties over how to interpret EFP are multiplied in a more global era reconfigured by globalising...... the international, supranational and transnational policy processes of European states and institutions in relation to the rest of the world. In this respect, the study of EFP includes an analysis of the engagements of European states in international and multilateral diplomacy, the interregional and multipolar...

  1. The Locals' Opportunity Under Foreign Banks' Expansion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Han Guiying; Xiao Jiajun

    2009-01-01

    @@ The global financial crisis is striking the international financial market severely. Since July 2007, foreign banks and brokers have been suffering an enormous loss caused by the financial crisis. More than 160 thousand jobs have been cut this year by financial institutions like Citibank, HSBC and Morgan Stanly, etc. However, what shows a strong contrast with global job cutting is that these foreign banks are rapidly expanding their business in China. According to the data of related market,seven foreign banks have opened more than nine new branches in two months after September 17, the day that Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy protection. November 17, HSBC issued China UnionPay debt cards in 17 cities of China. At the same time, several new services of foreign banks were supposed to be authorized by CBRC (China Banking Regulatory Commission), including loan corporation of Citibank and credit cards of BEA.

  2. Foreign Capital Flow and the Ibovespa Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Meurer

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper it is discussed and empirically tested the influence of foreign investors flow of resources on the Ibovespa index of the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange from January 1995 to july 2005. Other important variables are considered in the test, including a stock index of the United States, internal and external interest rates, the markets liquidity, exchange rate and country risk. The foreign influence is measured by the difference between the purchases and sells of foreign investors in the market of their participation in the Brazlian market capitalization. The effect of the inflow of resources was not detected straightly, but through an increase of the liquidity, what is compatible with the hypothesis that the foreign investors represent an increase of the base of stockholders of the domestic companies. The inflow of resources, on the other hand, anticipates the behavior of index. Country risk, exchange rate and liquidity of the market were important to explain variations of the Ibovespa.

  3. Foreign Firms Partner Up

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAVID HENDRICKSON

    2006-01-01

    @@ There is an important strategic adjustment occurring on the part of foreign dairy companies seeking to capitalize on the China market. Rather than going it alone,with local partnerships little more than an entry mechanism,global giants such as Danone,Arla, and Fonterra are taking advantage of the country's more relaxed foreign investment rules by upping their stakes in established local firms and expanding the role they play in business and industrial operations.

  4. ‘ SILENT’ LARYNGEAL FOREIGN BODY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandrasekhar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Laryngeal foreign bodies in adults are rare. The foreign bodies accidentally entering the larynx are symptomatic in the form of choking , stridor or even death. We are presenting a rare case of foreign body in the larynx in a 42 year old male who was symptom free except for dysphonia. The foreign body was removed successfully under local anesthesia.

  5. Foreign Guests in Ancient Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zora Žbontar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Xenía was a special relationship between a foreign guest and his host in Ancient Greece. The ritual of hosting a foreigner included an exchange of objects, feasting, and the establishment of friendship between people from different social backgrounds. This relationship implied trust, loyalty, friendship, and mutual aid between the people involved. Goods and services were also exchanged without any form of payment. There were no formal laws governing xenía – it was based entirely on a moral appeal. Mutual appreciation between the host and the guest was established during the ritual, but the host did retain a certain level of superiority over the guest. Xenía was one of the most important institutions in Ancient Greece. It had a lot of features and obligations similar to kinship and marriage. In literary sources the word xénos varies in meaning from “enemy stranger”, “friendly stranger”, “foreigner”, “guest”, “host” to “ritual friend”, and it is often hard to tell which usage is appropriate in a given passage. The paper describes the emphasis on hospitality towards foreigners. It presents an example of a depiction indicating xenía is presented, as well as several objects which were traded during the ritual. The paper also addresses the importance of hospitality in Greek drama in general, especially with examples of violations of the hospitality code.

  6. Foreign-born Peers and Academic Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conger, Dylan

    2015-04-01

    The academic performance of foreign-born youth in the United States is well studied, yet little is known about whether and how foreign-born students influence their classmates. In this article, I develop a set of expectations regarding the potential consequences of immigrant integration across schools, with a distinction between the effects of sharing schools with immigrants who are designated as English language learners (ELL) and those who are not. I then use administrative data on multiple cohorts of Florida public high school students to estimate the effect of immigrant shares on immigrant and native-born students' academic performance. The identification strategy pays careful attention to the selection problem by estimating the effect of foreign-born peers from deviations in the share foreign-born across cohorts of students attending the same school in different years. The assumption underlying this approach is that students choose schools based on the composition of the entire school, not on the composition of each entering cohort. The results of the analysis, which hold under several robustness checks, indicate that foreign-born peers (both those who are ELL and those who are non-ELL) have no effect on their high school classmates' academic performance.

  7. 15 CFR 2006.1 - Information to be included in petition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... property right, or foreign direct investment matter for which the rights of the United States under the... nature of any foreign direct investment proposed by the United States person, including estimates of... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Information to be included in...

  8. Grecia: Nivel IV. Basado en el curso de estudios sociales de Montgomery County Public Schools. (Greece. Level 6. Based on the Montgomery County Public Schools Social Studies Program).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maldonado, Marisol

    This curriculum unit, developed by the Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland, was designed for use in an elementary level foreign language immersion program. It is geared toward the sixth grade social studies classroom. The unit includes instructional and performance objectives, necessary vocabulary lists, optional language structure…

  9. The sources of foreign language speaking anxiety and the relationship between proficiency level and degree of foreign language speaking anxiety

    OpenAIRE

    Balemir, Serkan Hasan

    2009-01-01

    Ankara : The Department of Teaching English as a Foreign Language, Bilkent University, 2009. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 2009. Includes bibliographical references leaves 87-91. This study investigated the sources of foreign language speaking anxiety and the relationship between proficiency levels and degree of foreign language speaking anxiety. The study was conducted at Hacettepe University, with the participation of 234 students from the departments of Basic E...

  10. Investigating students’ attitude towards the importance of factors included in the teaching evaluation forms of School of Public Health of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in 2010-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. H Dehghani Tafti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: students’ attitudes about teaching methodology have been widely recognised as a valid tool of evaluating teaching activities of faculty members. This study aims to determine the importance of the factors included in the teaching evaluation, from the students’ point of view. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Using a random cluster sampling, 332 students of the school of public health of Shahid Sadoughi University were selected .To collect data, a questionnaire containing three partswere used. These were demographic items, teachers’ evaluation (14 items and self-evaluation (4 items. Results: The students (80% scoredpersonal characteristics more. Among different fields of study, those studying occupational health scored the factorsless than others, and those studying at masters level scored them more than others.   The results indicated that there are significant correlation between age, marital status, and employment status of the students and the total average score.   The students scored the self-evaluation items more than 60%, There was a significant correlation between the average scores of evaluation and self-evaluation items. The students at bachelor level scored the factor more than masters students. Conclusion: The students’ focus on personal characteristics of teachers was remarkable. There is a need to revise the process of academics’ recruitment based on these findings. There is also a need to review the items included in evaluation forms of the school.

  11. [Resident foreigners in Spain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solana, A M; Pascual De Sans, A

    1994-01-01

    The authors review trends in the size of the resident foreign population in Spain over time since the 1940s. A continuing growth over time, with temporal fluctuations, is noted, with a rapid rise in immigration in the 1980s, leading to new legislation designed to control immigration in 1985-1986 and 1991. The authors note that Europeans, particularly from countries of the European Union, make up a large percentage of the foreign population, but that the number of immigrants from developing countries has increased significantly in the last 10 years.

  12. International Trade, Foreign Investment, and the Enivronment

    OpenAIRE

    Rauscher, Michael

    2001-01-01

    This paper surveys the literature on the relationship between international trade in goods and the factors and the environment. Traditional approaches based on the HEckscher-Ohlin trade model and more recent models looking at non-competetive market structures are discussed. Moreover, the paper covers intertemporal aspects (foreign debt, stock pollutants), public-choice models (the political economy), the empirical evidence and the instituonal issues. This paper was written for the Handbook of...

  13. International Trade, Foreign Investment, and the Enivronment

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Rauscher

    2001-01-01

    This paper surveys the literature on the relationship between international trade in goods and the factors and the environment. Traditional approaches based on the HEckscher-Ohlin trade model and more recent models looking at non-competetive market structures are discussed. Moreover, the paper covers intertemporal aspects (foreign debt, stock pollutants), public-choice models (the political economy), the empirical evidence and the instituonal issues. This paper was written for the "Handbook o...

  14. 22 CFR 181.8 - Publication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Publication. 181.8 Section 181.8 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS COORDINATION, REPORTING AND PUBLICATION OF... be published in United States Treaties and Other International Agreements: (1) Bilateral agreements...

  15. Approaches to Translation of Chinese Publicity Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Lu

    2009-01-01

    Chinese publicity materials are the windows for foreigners to know about China. There has been some problems in the translation for publicity materials both made by the enterprises and government departments. Especially for the growing international communication, the dispute between Chinese and its foreign counterpart is increasingly coming into…

  16. Foreign Policies and Foreign Exchanges for Chinese Publishing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ China's present foreign publishing policies Chinese Government respects and protects intellectual property rights. Chinese Government always attaches importance to the exchange and cooperation between Chinese publishing industry and that of other countries, encourages and supports Chinese publishing industry to actively introduce foreign excellent works to Chinese readers, and meanwhile, also actively advocates introduction of Chinese excellent works to foreign readers. Our persistent guideline is to support and promote exchanges between Chinese and foreign publishing industries in all fields.

  17. 26 CFR 1.960-1 - Foreign tax credit with respect to taxes paid on earnings and profits of controlled foreign...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... corporation. (5) Foreign income taxes. The term “foreign income taxes” means income, war profits, and excess profits taxes, and taxes included in the term “income, war profits, and excess profits taxes” by reason of... shareholder of CFC, a controlled foreign corporation formed on January 1, 1998, whose functional currency is...

  18. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 768 - Evidence of Foreign Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... marketing of an item in a foreign country (e.g., an advertisement in the media of the foreign country that..., including where possible the make and model of the item and its observed operating characteristics;...

  19. Foreigners in the Mexican Scientific Field: First Approximations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie Didou Aupetit

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article explores some demographic and academic characteristics of foreign scientists in Mexican institutions who are dedicated to the development of educational and scientific activities. Their situation was contextualized by analyzing public and cooperative policies geared at attracting foreign scientists. The policies were identified using a 2009 database of the national system of researchers (SNI for its Spanish acronym compiled by the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT for its Spanish acronym. The features and training paths were established. The following was analyzed; reasons for their departure, conditions for professionalization, the pattern of migration, integration in social networks plus the results of interviews with 73 foreign researchers.

  20. Foreigners in the Mexican Scientific Field: First Approximations

    OpenAIRE

    Sylvie Didou Aupetit; Juan Pablo Durand Villalobos

    2013-01-01

    The article explores some demographic and academic characteristics of foreign scientists in Mexican institutions who are dedicated to the development of educational and scientific activities. Their situation was contextualized by analyzing public and cooperative policies geared at attracting foreign scientists. The policies were identified using a 2009 database of the national system of researchers (SNI for its Spanish acronym) compiled by the National Council of Science and Technology (CONAC...

  1. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the equipment look like? How does the procedure work? How is the procedure performed? What will I experience during and after the procedure? Who interprets the results and how do I get them? What are the benefits vs. risks? What are the limitations of foreign ...

  2. Morality and Foreign Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kissinger, Henry

    1985-01-01

    Morality as an enduring element in United States foreign policy is discussed. In order to strengthen the steady purpose and responsible involvement of the American people, human rights policy must be presented in the context of a realistic assessment of world affairs. (RM)

  3. Foreign Firms, Domestic Wages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Schjerning, Bertel; R. Markusen, James

    2013-01-01

    Three types of theories have been used to explain the wage premium in foreign firms: the theories of heterogeneous workers, heterogeneous learning, and heterogeneous firms. We set up a model that explicitly encompasses two of these theories, and that can illustrate the third. This unifying....... In particular, the theory of heterogeneous workers can explain up to 75 percent of the premium....

  4. Foreign Firms, Domestic Wages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Markusen, James R.; Schjerning, Bertel

    Many papers have documented a wage premium in foreign-owned and large firms. However, there is very little formal theory in the literature and empirical analyses are typically not based on hypotheses which are rigorously derived from theory. This paper contributes to the theory-empirics gap by de...

  5. Foreign Firms, Domestic Wages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Markusen, James R.; Schjerning, Bertel

    large domestic firms. The empirical implications of the model are tested on matched employer-employee data from Denmark. Consistent with the theory, we find considerable evidence of higher wages and wage growth in large and/or foreign-owned firms. These effects survive controlling for individual...

  6. Foreign Firms, Domestic Wages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Schjerning, Bertel; R. Markusen, James

    2013-01-01

    Three types of theories have been used to explain the wage premium in foreign firms: the theories of heterogeneous workers, heterogeneous learning, and heterogeneous firms. We set up a model that explicitly encompasses two of these theories, and that can illustrate the third. This unifying framew...

  7. Unpacking Dimensions of Foreignness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geisler Asmussen, Christian; Goerzen, Anthony

    2013-01-01

    While recent research has pointed to the importance of regional strategy and the ‘interregional liability of foreignness,’ critics have pointed out that this argument obscures important differences within regions as well as the similarities across them. Bridging these diverging viewpoints, our re...

  8. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... on the type of foreign body and how it was introduced. If it was swallowed, you may undergo a direct examination ... and esophagus or an x-ray examination. If it is lodged in a soft tissue, such as ...

  9. Learning Foreign Vowels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kingston, John

    2003-01-01

    Two hypotheses have recently been put forward to account for listeners' ability to distinguish and learn contrasts between speech sounds in foreign languages. First, Best's Perceptual Assimilation Model and Flege's Speech Learning Model both predict that the ease with which a listener can tell one non-native phoneme from another varies directly…

  10. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... foreign bodies. You might require stitches or other treatments to close the wound, and your caregiver may give you antibiotics if the wound has a high risk of infection. You also may need a tetanus shot to prevent a potentially deadly infection of ...

  11. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... foreign bodies. You might require stitches or other treatments to close the wound, and your caregiver may give you antibiotics if the wound has a high risk of infection. You also may need a tetanus shot to prevent a potentially deadly infection of ...

  12. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... be inhaled into the airway, swallowed or lodged in the throat or stomach, or embedded in the soft tissues. About 80 percent of foreign ... an x-ray examination. If it is lodged in a soft tissue, such as a splinter embedded ...

  13. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... depend on the type of foreign body and nature of the symptoms. You should inform your physician of any medications being taken and if there are any allergies, especially to iodinated contrast materials . Also inform your doctor about recent illnesses or ...

  14. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Español More Info Images/Videos About Us News Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Foreign Body ... to locate and remove the object. Tell your doctor if there’s a possibility you are pregnant and ...

  15. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... on the type of foreign body and how it was introduced. If it was swallowed, you may undergo a direct examination ... and esophagus or an x-ray examination. If it is lodged in a soft tissue, such as ...

  16. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... used to guide the foreign body removal procedure. After you are positioned on the examination table, the radiologist or sonographer will apply some warm water-based gel on your skin and then place the transducer firmly against your ...

  17. 26 CFR 1.904-5 - Look-through rules as applied to controlled foreign corporations and other entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... respect to the taxpayer's indirect ownership, and not the partnership's direct ownership, in the foreign...-through rules applied to passive foreign investment company inclusions. If a passive foreign investment... passive foreign investment company, any amount included in gross income under section 1293 shall...

  18. 75 FR 29601 - Office of the Secretary: Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Filed Under Subpart B... Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were filed under Subpart B...

  19. Public problems: Still waiting on the marketplace for solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gover, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Carayannis, E. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States); Huray, P.

    1997-10-01

    This report addresses the need for government sponsored R and D to address real public problems. The motivation is that a public benefit of the money spent must be demonstrated. The areas identified as not having appropriate attention resulting in unmet public needs include healthcare cost, cost and benefits of regulations, infrastructure problems, defense spending misaligned with foreign policy objectives, the crime problem, energy impact on the environment, the education problem, low productivity growth industry sectors, the income distribution problem, the aging problem, the propagation of disease and policy changes needed to address the solution of these problems.

  20. Profiles of foreign direct investment in US energy, 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-05-16

    The report reviews the patterns of foreign ownership interest in US energy enterprises, exclusive of portfolio investment (<10% ownership of a US enterprise). It profiles the involvement of foreign-affiliated US companies in the following areas: domestic petroleum production (including natural gas), reserve holdings, refining and marketing activities, coal production, and uranium exploration and development.

  1. Foreign Body Granuloma: A Diagnosis Not to Forget

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. El Bouchti

    2012-01-01

    The differential diagnosis for bony reaction to an unrecognised organic foreign body includes osteoid osteoma, chronic and acute osteomyelitis, tuberculosis granuloma, bone cyst, aneurysmal bone cyst, cortical fibrous defect, and neoplasm. We report the case of a boy suffering from a thorn inducing a lytic lesion of the fifth metatarsal that demonstrates the diagnosis difficulties of foreign body granuloma.

  2. Guide for the Education of Foreign Students Human Resources Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, August G., Ed.; Kovach, Joseph W., Ed.

    This guide is designed to outline the ideal experience for both sponsored and nonsponsored foreign students in U. S. academic institutions and communities. The guide is both schematic and narrative in order to guide the experience of foreign student and the sequence of related events under ideal conditions. Ten stages of events include planning…

  3. High-level manpower movement and Japan's foreign aid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furuya, K

    1992-01-01

    "Japan's technical assistance programs to Asian countries are summarized. Movements of high-level manpower accompanying direct foreign investments by private enterprise are also reviewed. Proposals for increased human resources development include education and training of foreigners in Japan as well as the training of Japanese aid experts and the development of networks for information exchange."

  4. 32 CFR 147.5 - Guideline C-Foreign preference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Conditions that could raise a security concern and may be disqualifying include: (1) The exercise of dual...) Seeking or holding political office in the foreign country; (8) Voting in foreign elections; (9... government in preference to the interests of the United States. (c) Conditions that could mitigate...

  5. Foreign Language Teachers' Language Proficiency and Their Language Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Heather; Conway, Clare; Roskvist, Annelies; Harvey, Sharon

    2013-01-01

    Teachers' subject knowledge is recognized as an essential component of effective teaching. In the foreign language context, teachers' subject knowledge includes language proficiency. In New Zealand high schools, foreign languages (e.g. Chinese, French, German, Japanese and Spanish) have recently been offered to learners earlier in their schooling,…

  6. Foreign Diplomats Help the Disabled

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    Charity sate stalls set up by foreign envoys were the most popular stands at this year’s fundraising charity fair, an event initiated by Mme. Zhou Hanqiong, wife of Vice Premier and former minister of foreign affairs Qian Qichen. The fundraising activity has been held annually since 1996, thanks to the support of foreign diplomats in

  7. Foreign Workers in Croatia: Origin, Status, Orientation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saša Božić

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the public discourse Croatia is primarily seen as a country of emigration rather than immigration but the trends of labour mobility in the past decade indicate that Croatia is no longer only a country of emigration. It is increasingly becoming a country of labour immigration, although the number of (registered foreign workers is not large. Since there are no data on the origin, status, quality of life and orientations of foreign workers in Croatia, this exploratory research is focused on acquiring the first insights into their social position within Croatian society. The research determined the basic demographic characteristics of foreign workers, their geographical origin, reasons for their immigration, main trends in social exclusion and discrimination, as well as the sustainability of their immigration. In addition, the research gave insights into social ties and contacts of foreign workers within Croatian society, as well as their ties with relatives and friends in other countries. Finally, the life plans and orientation of immigrants were disclosed.

  8. Foreign Remittances, Foreign Direct Investment, Foreign Imports and Economic Growth in Pakistan: A Time Series Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Tahir

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This empirical research paper focuses on establishing a relationship between external determinants and economic growth of Pakistan economy. Empirical analyses are carried out with time series econometric techniques using data over the period of 1977-2013. The main finding is that external determinants such as foreign remittances, foreign direct investment, and foreign imports matter from a growth perspective. Foreign remittances and foreign direct investment have a significant positive role in the growth process of Pakistan economy. Furthermore, it is found that foreign imports have adversely influenced the economic growth of Pakistan. The study recommends that policy makers shall take appropriate steps to increase the inflow of both foreign remittances and foreign direct investment in order to achieve the long run economic growth.

  9. Public announcement concerning the obligation to procure an export licence under para. 5d of the Foreign Trade Ordinance. As of April 6, 1992. Bekanntmachung ueber die Ausfuhrgenehmigungspflicht gemaess Para. 5d AWV. Vom 6. April 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-04-08

    The export of goods and documents for the manufacture of goods is subject to licensing if they are intended for the construction or operation of or for assembly in installations serving purposes of nuclear engineering, are destined for or to be purchased by or assembled in Algeria, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lybia, North Korea, Pakistan, South Africa, Syria or Taiwan and if the exporter knows of these circumstances (restriction pursuant to para. 7 sec. 1 of the Foreign Trade Law). (orig./HP).

  10. Globalisation and public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bettcher, D; Lee, K

    2002-01-01

    At the dawn of the 21st century, globalisation is a word that has become a part of everyday communication in all corners of the world. It is a concept that for some holds the promise of a new and brighter future, while for others it represents a threat that needs to be confronted and counteracted. In the area of public health, a wide range of claims have been made about the various impacts, both positive and negative, that can be attributed to globalisation. In the ever expanding literature on globalisation and health, it has become apparent that considerable confusion is emerging in both the ways that terminology is applied and concepts are defined. The determinants of health are increasingly multisectoral, and in tackling these challenges it is necessary to take a multidisciplinary approach that includes policy analyses in such areas as trade, environment, defence/security, foreign policy, and international law. In assembling the terms for this glossary, we have attempted to demonstrate the richness of the globalisation and public health debate, and in so doing have selected some of the core terms that require definition. We hope that this glossary will help to clarify this interesting and challenging area, and will also serve as a useful entry point to this new debate in public health.

  11. 26 CFR 1.902-3 - Credit for domestic corporate shareholder of a foreign corporation for foreign income taxes paid...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... taxes” means income, war profits, and excess profits taxes, and taxes included in the term “income, war... a foreign corporation for any taxable year shall be determined after reduction by any income, war... amounts so determined into United States dollars or other foreign currency shall be made at the proper...

  12. ROMANIA'S PUBLIC DEBT AND GENERAL FRAMEWORK FISCAL-BUDGETARY POLICY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHIRCULESCU MARIA FELICIA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available We appreciate that a developing country cannot build a solid democracy, based on a competitive economy and a system of social and economic infrastructure upgraded, rather than calling on foreign funding, generating external debt. At the basis of capitalist economies development credit is widely used at macro-economic level. Its role is to provide the opportunity to spend now and pay in a period to come, when the investment start to bring profit. For Romania, as well, for any State that resort to foreign loans, it is important that they be used for the development and modernization of the economy and infrastructure services and consumption, not only because it creates the potential for achieving sustainable growth, including by stimulating exports, creating the necessary resources as public foreign debt service to be honored.

  13. Integrated Foreign Exchange Risk Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabo, Tom; Høg, Esben; Kuhn, Jochen

    Empirical research has focused on export as a proxy for the exchange rate exposure and the use of foreign exchange derivatives as the instrument to deal with this exposure. This empirical study applies an integrated foreign exchange risk management approach with a particular focus on the role...... of import in medium-sized, manufacturing firms in Denmark (a small, open economy). We find a strong, negative relation between import and foreign exchange derivatives usage on the aggregate level. Our findings are consistent with the notion that firms use import to match the foreign exchange exposure...... created by foreign sales activities....

  14. Teaching Foreign-Language Skills. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivers, Wilga M.

    This second edition is a complete reworking of the 1968 text to include later views of language learning and teaching, and theories of linguistics and psychology. The text is intended particularly for use in methods classes in conjunction with observation of experienced foreign language teachers. The early chapters deal with general principles…

  15. 31 CFR 594.304 - Foreign person.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (including any such individual who is also a citizen or national of the United States), or any entity not organized solely under the laws of the United States or existing solely in the United States, but does not... FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General...

  16. 31 CFR 595.304 - Foreign person.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (including any such individual who is also a citizen or national of the United States), or any entity not organized solely under the laws of the United States or existing solely in the United States, but does not... FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions...

  17. Proof and Information about Foreign Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Clement Salung

    2014-01-01

    This report concerns the application and ascertainment of foreign law before Danish judicial and non-judicial authorities and in certain other instances, including arbitration and mediation. The overall structure of the report follows the questionnaire prepared by Professor Nishitani, Japan......, for the XIXth International Congress of Comparative Law in Vienna 2014....

  18. Seventeen Values of Foreign Language Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frantz, Alan C.

    1996-01-01

    Lists the values acquired through the study of foreign languages. These include an acquisition of a sense of a relevant past; expansion of one's world view; contribution to the creation of a student's personality; development of the intellect; encouragement of respect for other peoples; and exposure to modes of thought outside one's native…

  19. The Foreign Language Teacher's Suggestopedic Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lozanov, Georgi; Gateva, Evalina

    The guide, translated from Bulgarian, is designed for foreign language teachers using the suggestopedic method to teach adults or children. The text is divided into two parts. The first discusses suggestopedic language courses for adults, beginning with application and enrollment and including testing, instructions to the student, detailed…

  20. Foreign Language Teaching and Cultural Identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasr, Raja T., Ed.; And Others

    A collection of works on the role of cultural identity in second language learning and teaching includes: "Linguas estrangeiras e ideologia" (Roberto Ballalai); "Cultural Identity and Bilinguality" (Josiane F. Hamers, Michel Blanc); "Foreign Language Teaching and Cultural Identity" (Lakshmie K. Cumaranatunge);…

  1. Aptitude for Learning a Foreign Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparks, Richard; Ganschow, Leonore

    2001-01-01

    Review research on foreign language aptitude and its measurement prior to 1990. Describes research areas in the 1990s, including affective variables, language learning strategies, learning styles as contributors to aptitude and aptitude as a cognitive construct affected by language variables. Reviews research on individual differences and the…

  2. Telling Successes of Japanese Foreign Aid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Annette Skovsted

    Stakeholders of two success story events negotiated an idea of development as individual entrepreneurship. The sixty-five-year-old Japanese Foreign Aid history includes stories of successes told by professionals from developing countries throughout the world. Their stories reflect the cultural...... sector training programs partly financed by Japanese Official development Assistance (ODA)....

  3. Learning Strategy Training in Foreign Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高文梅

    2007-01-01

    A great many recent studies haye shown that making good use of learning strategies can contribute much to students'foreign language learning.This poper deals with some important issues about strategy training based on O'Malley and Chamot's theory,including the concept,value and goals of strategy training and approaches to such training

  4. Foreign Language: A Guide to Curriculum Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delaware State Dept. of Public Instruction, Dover.

    Designed for teachers and administrators, this curriculum guide outlines the aims, techniques, contents, and scope of language instruction at the various levels. Topics detailed include the language laboratory, summer institutes and camps, team teaching, teacher qualifications, materials selection, foreign study, exchange programs, tests, and…

  5. Borderless STEM education: A study of both American students and foreign students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komura, Kiriko

    This study explores the current status of borderless education in STEM through surveys of two populations of STEM students: American students who studied abroad and foreign students who were studying in the U.S. It was undertaken in response to the U.S. government's desires to strengthen STEM education and to develop American students' global competencies. The purpose was to understand how international experiences can be enhanced in order to increase American STEM students' interest in study abroad programs and in earning advanced STEM degrees and to understand how to attract more foreign STEM students to study in the United States. Issues of particular focus were: the impacts of gender, race/ethnicity, and nationality on STEM students' motivation to participate in, and responses to study abroad programs, and the value of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in borderless STEM education. Several different forms of multivariate analyses were performed on data from surveys at seven public and private colleges and universities in the Southern California area. The results indicated that among American students, greater value was placed on social and cultural experiences gained through studying abroad. In contrast, among foreign students greater value was placed on enhancement of their academic and professional development opportunities. American students whose study abroad included research experiences had a greater interest in international research and teaching in the future. Foreign graduate students majoring in computer science, engineering and biology are the most likely to seek opportunities to study and work in the US. Finally, ICTs were valued by American students as platforms for social interactions and by foreign students for facilitating professional networks. The analyses lead to several recommendations, including: STEM faculty should be made aware of the critical importance of their advising and mentoring in motivating students to choose to

  6. Telling Successes of Japanese Foreign Aid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Annette Skovsted

    interested in evaluating the impact of foreign aid define criteria for success that can be measured preferably in numbers just as the investment in foreign aid is measured in amounts of money. This essay is about how a number of different stakeholders negotiate narratives of successful impact of private......Stakeholders of two success story events negotiated an idea of development as individual entrepreneurship. The sixty-five-year-old Japanese Foreign Aid history includes stories of successes told by professionals from developing countries throughout the world. Their stories reflect the cultural...... and social as well as the economic impact. This paper is an analysis of who tell the stories, how they tell them, and variations within the stories in terms of content and focus. By combining the ‘who’ of individual, community, and national impact and the nature of impact with the agency of the people who...

  7. Technology transfers, foreign investment and productivity spillovers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Newman, Carol; Rand, John; Talbot, Theodore Purdendu

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) and the productivity of host country domestic firms. We rely on a specially designed survey of over 4000 manufacturing firms in Vietnam, and separate out productivity gains along the supply chain (obtained through direct...... transfers of knowledge/technology between linked firms) from productivity effects through indirect FDI spillovers. In addition to identifying indirect vertical productivity spillovers from FDI, our results show that there are productivity gains associated with direct linkages between foreign......-owned and domestic firms along the supply chain not captured by commonly used measures of spillovers. This includes evidence of productivity gains through forward linkages for domestic firms which receive inputs from foreign-owned firms....

  8. Detecting Foreign Bodies in a Head Laceration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas R. Fowler

    2015-01-01

    are not identified prior to wound closure. The importance of imaging of lacerations was underscored by a recent case where a 20-year-old male collided with a friend’s mouth on a trampoline sustaining a simple, superficial scalp laceration. The wound was evaluated in typical fashion including irrigation and local exploration and was prepared for closure. The friend was then evaluated and noted to have multiple extensive dental fractures. An increased index of suspicion generated further evaluation of the first patient’s wound. Plain radiography obtained of the first patient’s skull was noted to have bony foreign bodies consistent with teeth, which were then removed after further exploration. Superficial wounds are common and complications arising from retained foreign bodies are a potential source of substantial morbidity and consequently medical litigation. This case serves as a reminder to be vigilant and maintain a high index of suspicion regarding the potential for foreign body.

  9. Taxation of Income in Foreign Trusts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Peter Koerver

    2016-01-01

    Denmark has introduced a new provision that states that Danish settlors of foreign trusts, under certain circumstances, must include the trust’s income in their own taxable income. The provision forms part of the Danish legislator’s recent attempts to prevent international tax evasion/ avoidance...... of foreign (family) trusts for tax evasion/avoidance purposes. However, it is also concluded that there is reason to question whether the new provision is sufficiently precise and whether the aim could have been reached in a more expedient way......, and the underlying aim of the provision is to make the rules concerning foreign trusts easier to administrate and enforce by the Danish tax authorities. Based on an analysis of the provision’s area of application and legal effects, it is concluded that the new provision seems to be effective in mitigating the use...

  10. Machine learning and intelligence science:Sino-foreign-interchange workshop on IScIDE2010 (B)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei XU; Yanda LI

    2011-01-01

    @@ Aiming at a promotion of Sino-foreign-interchange workshop on Intelligence Science and Intelligent Data Engineering (IScIDE2010 ), three special issues have been scheduled in Frontiers of Electrical and Electronic Engineering in China.One is called "Emerging Themes on Information Theory and Bayesian Approach" (Vol.5, No.3, 2010),which consists of nine invited papers from international well-known pioneers and Chinese senior scientists.The other two special issues are Part A and Part B of the publication of IScIDE2010, a Sino-foreign-interchange workshop on Intelligence Science and Intelligent Data Engineering held on June 3-5, 2010 in Harbin.The Part A came out as Vol.6, No.1, 2011 already, including 14 invited presentations by core researchers both from abroad and from Chinese major universities.

  11. My Two Foreign Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐苗

    2006-01-01

    @@ Our former foreign teacher is a young man who comes from England.He is a reserved person who does not talk very much to strangers, does not show much emotion, and seldom gets excited.He always enters our classroom with a bottle of water and a single book in his hand, he likes wearing T-shirt and jeans, which looks very easy-going but neat1.

  12. Foreign Internal Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    basis for today’s FID doctrine. d. In recent times, the United States has provided the same type of NA in El Salvador, Colombia , Kuwait, the...transfers and related services have reached enormous dimensions and involve most of the world’s nations, either as a seller /provider or buyer...measures and consideration of the following: (1) Street or organized crime. (2) Foreign intelligence services. (3) Local populace animosity

  13. Button Battery Foreign Bodies in Children: Hazards, Management, and Recommendations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Hossam Thabet

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The demand and usage of button batteries have risen. They are frequently inadvertently placed by children in their ears or noses and occasionally are swallowed and lodged along the upper aerodigestive tract. The purpose of this work is to study the different presentations of button battery foreign bodies and present our experience in the diagnosis and management of this hazardous problem in children. Patients and Methods. This study included 13 patients. The diagnostic protocol was comprised of a thorough history, head and neck physical examination, and appropriate radiographic evaluation. The button batteries were emergently extracted under general anesthesia. Results. The average follow-up period was 4.3 months. Five patients had a nasal button battery. Four patients had an esophageal button battery. Three patients had a button battery in the stomach. One patient had a button battery impacted in the left external ear canal. Apart from a nasal septal perforation and a tympanic membrane perforation, no major complications were detected. Conclusion. Early detection is the key in the management of button battery foreign bodies. They have a distinctive appearance on radiography, and its prompt removal is mandatory, especially for batteries lodged in the esophagus. Physicians must recognize the hazardous potential and serious implications of such an accident. There is a need for more public education about this serious problem.

  14. Button battery foreign bodies in children: hazards, management, and recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thabet, Mohammed Hossam; Basha, Waleed Mohamed; Askar, Sherif

    2013-01-01

    The demand and usage of button batteries have risen. They are frequently inadvertently placed by children in their ears or noses and occasionally are swallowed and lodged along the upper aerodigestive tract. The purpose of this work is to study the different presentations of button battery foreign bodies and present our experience in the diagnosis and management of this hazardous problem in children. This study included 13 patients. The diagnostic protocol was comprised of a thorough history, head and neck physical examination, and appropriate radiographic evaluation. The button batteries were emergently extracted under general anesthesia. The average follow-up period was 4.3 months. Five patients had a nasal button battery. Four patients had an esophageal button battery. Three patients had a button battery in the stomach. One patient had a button battery impacted in the left external ear canal. Apart from a nasal septal perforation and a tympanic membrane perforation, no major complications were detected. Early detection is the key in the management of button battery foreign bodies. They have a distinctive appearance on radiography, and its prompt removal is mandatory, especially for batteries lodged in the esophagus. Physicians must recognize the hazardous potential and serious implications of such an accident. There is a need for more public education about this serious problem.

  15. Relationship between public subsidies and vaccination rates with the 23-valent pneumococcal vaccine in elderly persons, including the influence of the free vaccination campaign after the Great East Japan Earthquake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naito, Toshio; Matsuda, Naoto; Tanei, Mika; Watanabe, Yukiko; Watanabe, Akira

    2014-07-01

    Low vaccination rates with pneumococcal vaccine in elderly persons in Japan are thought to be related to low levels of public subsidy. To identify strategies to increase future pneumococcal vaccination rates, we examined the relationship between public subsidies and vaccination rates. We also investigated the influence of free vaccinations after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake on vaccination rates in the three Tohoku prefectures of Japan. We surveyed a total of 1742 municipalities in Japan about whether public subsidies were available and their monetary amount. Vaccination rates with the 23-valent pneumococcal vaccine were calculated as the "cumulative amount shipped to each municipality divided by the population aged ≥65 years." There were no subsidies in 773 municipalities (44.4%). In those municipalities with public subsidies, larger subsidies were significantly associated with elevated vaccination rates (p Japan, the vaccination rate was 52.1% in municipalities where the full cost was subsidized. The three prefectures (Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima) most affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake ranked as the top three prefectures for vaccination rates in Japan, presumably as a result of the free vaccination campaign for disaster victims. Our findings show that public subsidies play an important role in increasing the vaccination rate. The free vaccinations given to disaster victims after the Great East Japan Earthquake helped to achieve extremely high vaccination rates in the three Tohoku prefectures. We suggest that such public subsidies should be promoted throughout Japan.

  16. 19 CFR 4.70 - Public Health Service requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Public Health Service requirements. 4.70 Section 4... THE TREASURY VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES Foreign Clearances § 4.70 Public Health Service... Public Health Service....

  17. Danish Public Diplomacy - A dialogic approach to international relations between states and publics

    OpenAIRE

    Meiner-Jensen,Nicklas

    2012-01-01

    This study deals with the approach to Public Diplomacy in the Danish Foreign Ministry. Public Diplomacy is the international communication between a state and a foreign public that aims to promote the state, its policies and the relationship between the sender and the receiver. The study takes a dialogic approach to the concept that focuses on dialogue, symmetry and credibility. It is the conclusion of the study that a more reciprocal approach to Public Diplomacy is beneficial to the sender-s...

  18. 76 FR 53115 - Expansion of Foreign-Trade Zone 202; Los Angeles, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-25

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Expansion of Foreign-Trade Zone 202; Los Angeles, CA Pursuant to its authority... City of Los Angeles, grantee of Foreign-Trade Zone 202, submitted an application to the Board for authority to expand FTZ 202 to include a site in Los Angeles, California, within the Los Angeles/Long...

  19. VOICE CULTURE AND THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHER, TOWARD A GREATER ALLIANCE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    REICHMANN, EBERHARD

    VOICE TRAINING SHOULD BE INCLUDED IN THE PREPARATION OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHERS, IF THEY ARE TO ACHIEVE THE GOAL OF APPROXIMATION OF NATIVE SPEECH. SINCE A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHER'S MOST VALUABLE TOOL IS HIS OWN VOICE, A CULTURED VOICE IS DESIRABLE, IN BOTH THE NATIVE AND THE FOREIGN LANGUAGES. ONE OF THE REASONS THAT MANY TEACHER TRAINEES DO…

  20. Foreign Energy Company Competitiveness: Background information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weimar, M.R.; Freund, K.A.; Roop, J.M.

    1994-10-01

    This report provides background information to the report Energy Company Competitiveness: Little to Do With Subsidies (DOE 1994). The main body of this publication consists of data uncovered during the course of research on this DOE report. This data pertains to major government energy policies in each country studied. This report also provides a summary of the DOE report. In October 1993, the Office of Energy Intelligence, US Department of Energy (formerly the Office of Foreign Intelligence), requested that Pacific Northwest Laboratory prepare a report addressing policies and actions used by foreign governments to enhance the competitiveness of their energy firms. Pacific Northwest Laboratory prepared the report Energy Company Competitiveness Little to Do With Subsidies (DOE 1994), which provided the analysis requested by DOE. An appendix was also prepared, which provided extensive background documentation to the analysis. Because of the length of the appendix, Pacific Northwest Laboratory decided to publish this information separately, as contained in this report.

  1. A Comparative Analysis of Promotional Tools & Techniques Adopted For Retail Banking In Public Sector and Private Sector Banks

    OpenAIRE

    Mittal, Swati; Pachauri, K K

    2013-01-01

    There has been a lot of restructuring and reshaping of the role of the banks in the past decade as India too has groomed itself for a more visible presence on the global platform. Stiff competition between the public sector banks and foreign players has led to public sector banks gaining a dominant while the foreign banks have had to adjust to the domestic banking scene to a great extent. In todays competitive and volatile environment all marketers including banks communicate with their targe...

  2. A global perspective on foreign contract labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, J E; Casco, R R

    1988-01-01

    This paper provides a general overview on foreign contract labor. The growth in the use of foreign contract labor is described with reference to other types of international labor movements such as 1) illegal, undocumented, or irregular migration; 2) free migration; and 3) permanent settlement migration. Within this general context, the various national advantages and disadvantages of contract labor are outlined. Particular issues like the role of trade unions and the likely future international labor circulation are noted. The 1984 World Labour Report estimates a global stock of almost 22 million foreign workers. Despite lack of reliable data, the size of irregular labor flows is considerable. More than 4 million undocumented workers, primarily Mexicans, can be found in the US alone. Other major flows of illegal labor go from China to Hong Kong, Malaysia to Singapore, Columbia to Venezuela, and poor Arab countries to oil-exporting countries in the Middle East. Laws are often poorly enforced and contradictory. Employers often actively recruit illegal migrants. While permanent migration was formerly the primary source of foreign workers, the numbers migrating in this manner are decreasing significantly. In absolute terms, host countries gain considerably more through the use of contract labor than sending countries. The pervasive commitment of national governments to economic growth is a prime consideration in the decision to import foreign labor. In general, trade unions have created an environment wherein the use of foreign labor in the formal as opposed to the informal labor market is more difficult. The disadvantages of labor export include the costs of family separation, worker exploitation, and cultural alienation. Remittances constitute the most tangible return of labor export. In many countries they have made a very considerable impact on the balance of payments deficit.

  3. Theories of International Relations and the Explanation of Foreign Aid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAUSELLI, Gino

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available 50 years after the publication of the first and influential article in international relations (IR analyzing foreign aid motivations, A theory of foreign aid, by Hans Morgenthau, IR scholarship has not yet accomplished a consistent theoretical body explaining international development cooperation. Most of the empirical studies on foreign aid have been contributions from other disciplines, especially economics. Research from the field of international relations has been mostly descriptive or poorly connected with IR paradigms.This article proposes to analyze motivations of foreign aid allocations decisions of donors. These motivations will be examined from the theoretical perspective of the international relations scholarship. In this way, it is sought to contribute, from the discipline of IR, to the explanation of the process in which developed countries make transfers of resources to developing countries.

  4. Book Trade Research and Statistics. Prices of U.S. and Foreign Published Materials; Book Title Output and Average Prices: 2001 Final and 2002 Preliminary Figures; Book Sales Statistics, 2002: AAP Preliminary Estimates; U.S. Book Exports and Imports:2002; Number of Book Outlets in the United States and Canada; Review Media Statistics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Sharon G.; Grabois, Andrew; Greco, Albert N.

    2003-01-01

    Includes six reports related to book trade statistics, including prices of U.S. and foreign materials; book title output and average prices; book sales statistics; book exports and imports; book outlets in the U.S. and Canada; and numbers of books and other media reviewed by major reviewing publications. (LRW)

  5. Teaching in a foreign language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    of English. This paper is an example of this, focusing specifically on teacher discourse in an English-language context at a Danish university. It is part of the preparation for a project investigating the relationship between linguistic performance and academic authority for university teachers teaching...... in investigating such issues. Obviously, Danish university teachers are not alone in facing the challenge of having to teach in English, and the project is therefore relevant to university teachers in all EFL countries. [1] Countries where English is a Foreign Language......The internationalization of universities puts pressure on all educational programs to use English as the language of instruction. Therefore research on the internationalization of universities in EFL countries[1] should obviously include a strong (though far from exclusive) focus on the impact...

  6. "Sound" Learning: Using Taped Interviews in Foreign Language Courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frommer, Judith G.; Weitz, Margaret Collins

    1981-01-01

    Describes development and implementation of authentic sound documents in foreign language classes including use of transcripts, recording tapes, background materials, listening aids, and follow-up and expansion activities such as student booklets. (BK)

  7. Longstanding Endobronchial Foreign Body

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Trisolini

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available There are many circumstances in which the diagnosis of endobronchial inhalation of a foreign body (FB can be missed. Generally, in such cases, within weeks or at most months from the event, clinical bronchopulmonary symptoms develop which allow a correct diagnosis to be made and significant complications to be avoided. We report the case of a patient in whom an endobronchial FB remained undiagnosed, because of lack of symptoms, for almost three years, and then caused signifiicant complications before being identified and removed. Problems related to diagnosis and therapy are discussed.

  8. Types of Foreign Aid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian

    Foreign aid is given for many purposes and different intentions, yet most studies treat aid flows as a unitary concept. This paper uses factor analysis to separate aid flows into different types. The main types can be interpreted as aid for economic purposes, social purposes, and reconstruction......; a residual category captures remaining purposes. Estimating the growth effects of separable types of aid suggests that most aid has no effects while reconstruction aid has direct positive effects. Although this type only applies in special circumstances, it has become more prevalent in more recent years....

  9. Spillovers from Foreign Direct Investment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Klaus E.; Sinani, Evis

    2005-01-01

    The extensive empirical literature analyzing productivity spillovers from foreign direct investment to local firms provides inconclusive results. Some studies find that foreign presence has a positive impact on the productivity of domestic firms, while others find no evidence or a negative effect...... for industrialized countries in the 1990s. Transition economies may experience spillovers, but these have been declining in recent years. Keywords: developing countries, transition economies, spillovers, foreign direct investment, technology transfer, meta-analysis...

  10. Consumer Ethnocentrism and Conspicuous Consumption of Domestic and Foreign Consumer Goods in Mozambique, a Less-Developed SADC Country

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Anna V John; Malcolm P Brady

    2010-01-01

    ... ethnocentric consumption of domestic products on the one hand, and conspicuous consumption of foreign products on the other, depends upon the consumption mode of products - whether products are publicly or privately consumed. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT

  11. 42 CFR 413.203 - Transplant center costs for organs sent to foreign countries or transplanted in patients other...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transplant center costs for organs sent to foreign countries or transplanted in patients other than Medicare beneficiaries. 413.203 Section 413.203 Public...) Services and Organ Procurement Costs § 413.203 Transplant center costs for organs sent to foreign countries...

  12. Integrated Foreign Exchange Risk Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabo, Tom; Høg, Esben; Kuhn, Jochen

    Empirical research has focused on export as a proxy for the exchange rate exposure and the use of foreign exchange derivatives as the instrument to deal with this exposure. This empirical study applies an integrated foreign exchange risk management approach with a particular focus on the role...... of import in medium-sized, manufacturing firms in Denmark (a small, open economy). We find a strong, negative relation between import and foreign exchange derivatives usage on the aggregate level. Our findings are consistent with the notion that firms use import to match the foreign exchange exposure...

  13. AN UNUSUAL RECTAL FOREIGN BODY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakesh Kumar

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available : INTRODUCTION: Rectal foreign bodies are common, but foreign body made of glass with uneven sharp distal end and complicated with hypovolemic shock is very rare. It is very challenging to be removed by laparotomy and poses extra difficulty in emergency. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 45-year-old man with complains of rectal foreign body and bleeding per rectum reported in emergency room. On examination patient was in hypovolemic shock and continuous bleeding through anal opening. Emergency laparotomy was per-formed and foreign body was retrieved successfully. DISCUSSION: Rectal foreign body made of glass with uneven sharp distal end towards distal end of rectum is very rare. Retrieval of these foreign bodies will be very difficult, especially for the emergency cases that are complicated with hypovolemic shock. Emergency laparotomy can be successfully performed to stop the bleeding and minimize rectal and anal canal trauma. To the best of our knowledge, such rectal foreign body has been rarely reported. CONCLUSION: Rectal foreign body with uneven sharp edges towards anal opening are difficult to retrieve trough transanal route. Hypovolemic shock due to bleeding and rectal perforation is major complications of these foreign bodies. Emergency laparotomy should be done in these cases.

  14. Seres Vivos. Nivel I. Basado en el curso de estudios de Ciencia de Montgomery County Public Schools. (Living Beings. Level 1. Based on the Montgomery County Public Schools Science Studies Program).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senger, Graciela

    This curriculum unit, developed by the Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland, was designed for use in the elementary level foreign language immersion program. It is geared toward the first grade science classroom. The unit includes instructional and performance objectives, necessary vocabulary lists, optional language structure sections,…

  15. 10 CFR 603.875 - Foreign access to technology and U.S. competitiveness provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Foreign access to technology and U.S. competitiveness... Foreign access to technology and U.S. competitiveness provisions. (a) Consistent with the objective of enhancing national security and United States competitiveness by increasing the public's reliance on...

  16. 77 FR 75939 - Control of Communicable Diseases: Foreign; Scope and Definitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... the measures used to prevent the spread of infection and not on the types of individuals who may... a foreign country of departure and foreign country of final destination without clearing customs and... general public except for reasonable vacation and retraining periods. In transit means animals that...

  17. A Bibliography of Materials for the Teaching of English to Foreigners. Bulletin, 1946, No. 20

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, M. Gordon; Russell, Jane M.

    1947-01-01

    This bibliography has been prepared in response to the growing interest, both in the United States and abroad, in English as a second or foreign language. The bibliography is selective rather than comprehensive, and provides a brief description of most publications. It is intended to be of assistance to foreign teachers of English as well as those…

  18. Foreign Language Education, Academic Performance, and Socioeconomic Status: A Study of California Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Hyekyung; Padilla, Amado M.; Silva, Duarte M.

    2006-01-01

    This study examines various features of foreign language program offerings at 220 public high schools in California. Foreign language program features were examined in relation to the school's Academic Performance Index (API), the school's socioeconomic status (percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch), and percentage of…

  19. Profiles of foreign direct investment in U.S. energy 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-05-05

    Profiles of Foreign Direct Investment in US Energy 1993 describes the role of foreign ownership in US energy resources. This report also looks at the investment patterns of US energy companies in other countries. The data used in this report come from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US Department of Commerce, company annual reports, and public disclosures of investment activities.

  20. [Bladder stone surrounding a foreign body: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fekak, H; Rabii, R; Moufid, K; Guessous, H; Joual, A; Bennani, S; Elmrini, M; Benjeloun, S

    2003-04-01

    The bladder can be the site of various foreign bodies. We report one case of bladder stone including a foreign body in a 24 years old man with a psychomotor deficiency who was admitted for pyuria, block miction and bladder symptoms. The pelvic X-Ray film showed a bladder stone including a sewing needle. We analysed the diagnosis, aspect and therapeutic management of this case.

  1. Problemas multiplicativos envolvendo combinatória: estratégias de resolução empregadas por alunos do Ensino Fundamental público Multiplicative problems including combinatorics: solving strategies adopted by Public Elementary School students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leny R. M. Teixeira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho apresentamos os dados de uma pesquisa que teve por objetivo verificar o desempenho de alunos do 6.° ao 9.° anos do Ensino Fundamental na resolução de oito problemas multiplicativos, envolvendo raciocínio combinatório. Os problemas diferiam em relação à quantidade de variáveis e à quantidade de algarismos utilizados nos fatores. Para tanto, por meio de uma entrevista clínica levantamos as principais estratégias e erros produzidos por 40 alunos de duas escolas públicas (A e B da cidade de Campo Grande-MS, as quais fizeram parte de uma pesquisa mais ampla realizada anteriormente. Os dados revelam que o desempenho foi melhor nos problemas com duas variáveis e com fatores de valores baixos, não havendo diferença de desempenho entre alunos do 6.° e do 9.° anos. De modo geral, as dificuldades que emergiram estavam relacionadas: 1 aos modelos intuitivos que os alunos têm a respeito da multiplicação (em especial o da soma repetida; 2 a estrutura semântica do problema; 3 as preferências numéricas quanto ao tamanho dos números, formas de representar o problema e interpretação do enunciado verbal. Por ser a multiplicação uma operação bastante complexa envolvendo, em sua resolução, processos cognitivos abstratos, acreditamos que o professor precisa conhecê-los para favorecer a aprendizagem dos alunos.This work presents data from a study which aimed at verifying the performance of Elementary School 6th and 9th graders when solving eight multiplicative problems involving combinatorial thinking. The problems were different concerning the amount of variables and the amount of numerical digits used in factors. Therefore, through a clinical interview, we listed the main strategies and mistakes produced by 40 graders from two public schools (A and B in the municipality of Campo Grande (Mato Grosso do Sul - MS - State which were part of a larger research developed before. The observations reveal that the performance

  2. A study on the nuclear foreign policy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryu, Jae Soo; Lee, H. M.; Jun, E. J.; Lee, D. H.; Lee, B. W.; Won, B. C.; Kim, H. J.

    2011-12-15

    This study addresses four arenas to assist national nuclear foreign policies under international nuclear nonproliferation regimes. Firstly, this study analyzes the trends of the international nuclear non-proliferation regime, which includes the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), the international nuclear export control regime, and fissile material cut-off treaty. Secondly, this study analyzes the trends of international nuclear organizations and fora, which include the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as a central body of international nuclear diplomacy and technical cooperation and International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) as a forum for international nuclear cooperation. Thirdly, this study analyzes the nuclear foreign policy of the U. S. Administration and reviews bilateral nuclear cooperation agreement between the ROK and the other countries including the U. S. Lastly, this study analyzes the nuclear issues of North Korea and Iran and multilateral nuclear approaches as assurances of nuclear fuel supply.

  3. Foreign Military Sales versus Direct Commercial Sales

    OpenAIRE

    Gultekin, Metin

    1998-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited. The transfer of arms from the U.S. to other countries under the Security Assistance Program is done in two basic ways: government-to-government Foreign Military Sales (FMS), and contractor-to-government Direct Commercial Sales (DCS). These methods help to increase standardization and interoperability between the U.S. and its Allies. This study examines the U.S. arms sales policies and procedures for FMS and DCS. It is aimed at identif...

  4. Increasing trend in retained rectal foreign bodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayantunde, Abraham A; Unluer, Zynep

    2016-01-01

    AIM To highlight the rising trend in hospital presentation of foreign bodies retained in the rectum over a 5-year period. METHODS Retrospective review of the cases of retained rectal foreign bodies between 2008 and 2012 was performed. Patients’ clinical data and yearly case presentation with data relating to hospital episodes were collected. Data analysis was by SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL, United States. RESULTS Twenty-five patients presented over a 5-year period with a mean age of 39 (17-62) years and M: F ratio of 2:1. A progressive rise in cases was noted from 2008 to 2012 with 3, 4, 4, 6, 8 recorded patients per year respectively. The majority of the impacted rectal objects were used for self-/partner-eroticism. The commonest retained foreign bodies were sex vibrators and dildos. Ninty-six percent of the patients required extraction while one passed spontaneously. Two and three patients had retrieval in the Emergency Department and on the ward respectively while 19 patients needed examination under anaesthesia for extraction. The mean hospital stay was 19 (2-38) h. Associated psychosocial issues included depression, deliberate self-harm, illicit drug abuse, anxiety and alcoholism. There were no psychosocial problems identified in 15 patients. CONCLUSION There is a progressive rise in hospital presentation of impacted rectal foreign bodies with increasing use of different objects for sexual arousal. PMID:27830039

  5. 15 CFR 2003.4 - Presentation of oral testimony at public hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Presentation of oral testimony at public hearings. 2003.4 Section 2003.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade... § 2003.4 Presentation of oral testimony at public hearings. (a) A request by an interested party...

  6. Competence Evaluation in German as a Foreign Language for PR

    OpenAIRE

    Jammernegg, Iris

    2012-01-01

    This contribution presents the findings of an investigation of the competences, levels of performance and progress of students who were enrolled in German as a Foreign Language (GFL) courses within the Public Relations program at the University of Udine (Italy). Besides domain-specific, methodological, personal and socio-communicational as well as linguistic and culture-specific competences, the intercultural competence a...

  7. Foreign Language Anxiety in a New English Program in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanielian, Adam R.

    2014-01-01

    Thailand boasts a robust ESL system in both public and private schools, where students learn various subjects from native speakers in the English language. Foreign language classroom anxiety (FLCA) is a subject that is relevant to ESL instruction and learning. This study assesses associations between FLCA and academic performance in English and…

  8. Applying IFRS 9 to Central Banks Foreign Reserves

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2016-01-01

    Effective January 1, 2018, IFRS 9 Financial Instruments will replace IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement (IAS 39). Unlike most publications on IFRS 9, this paper focuses primarily on the application of the new standard on central banks’ foreign reserve assets, which increasingly constitute a substantial part of central banks’ balance sheet. Based on IFRS 9 implementa...

  9. How Early Can We Efficiently Start Teaching a Foreign Language?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolean, Dacian Dorin

    2015-01-01

    The appropriateness of early childhood foreign language education is occasionally a debatable subject among parents, educators, public education administrators and policymakers. A large body of research has been done on this subject and conclusions sometimes appear contradictory. This article first reviews briefly the importance of learning a…

  10. 21 CFR 20.89 - Communications with foreign government officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... cooperative law enforcement and regulatory efforts, shall be exempt from public disclosure to the same extent... in a foreign country as part of cooperative law enforcement efforts does not invoke the rule... the Food and Drug Administration as part of cooperative law enforcement or regulatory...

  11. 78 FR 51266 - Foreign Affairs Policy Board Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... Affairs Policy Board Meeting Notice Closed Meeting In accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App., the Department of State announces a meeting of the Foreign Affairs Policy Board to... meeting will be closed to the public as the Board will be reviewing and discussing matters...

  12. 78 FR 34702 - Foreign Affairs Policy Board Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-10

    ... Affairs Policy Board Meeting Notice Closed Meeting In accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App., the Department of State announces a meeting of the Foreign Affairs Policy Board to... meeting will be closed to the public as the Board will be reviewing and discussing matters...

  13. Graphics Display of Foreign Scripts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abercrombie, John R.

    1987-01-01

    Describes Graphics Project for Foreign Language Learning at the University of Pennsylvania, which has developed ways of displaying foreign scripts on microcomputers. Character design on computer screens is explained; software for graphics, printing, and language instruction is discussed; and a text editor is described that corrects optically…

  14. Foreign workers in South Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Su-Jin Lim

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In today’s global age many people cross national borders in search of better work and more wages. According to IOM, more than 100 000 000 workers leave their homeland and migrate to another country for this reason. Europe and North America have already experienced increase in foreign labor for many decades but nowadays, it is very common to see foreign laborers in Asian countries. As the number of foreign laborers rapidly increased, however, so did many social problems in relation to these workers. No country is safe from or immune to such social problems in regards to the foreign workers especially with a much easier and more efficient transportation system. In case of South Korea, the history of foreign labor may not be as long as other nations but as of 2007, it boasts of more than 250 000 foreign laborers and is thus facing just as many social problems as well. In order to investigate such social issues, this article explores the history of foreign laborers and their current situation in South Korea. Furthermore, this artticle examines both internal and external factors which may have caused exponential growth of foreign labor market in South Korea in the past decade.

  15. 12 CFR 211.30 - Criteria for evaluating U.S. operations of foreign banks not subject to consolidated supervision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... bank's overall financial condition; (9) The managerial resources of the foreign bank, including the... the foreign bank generally and its role in the banking system in its home country; (12) The...

  16. Employees' perspective on workplace empowerment: A study of the foreign banks in India

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gurvinder Kaur; Manoj K Sharma

    2012-01-01

      The concept of empowerment becomes relevant for the employees of foreign banks in the face of increased competition from public as well as private sector banks as also the increased level of customer expectations...

  17. Researches on Foreign Language Learning Anxiety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴均霞

    2013-01-01

      Foreign language anxiety is one of the factors of affecting foreign language achievement. It is negatively associated with language skill learning. This article will show some researches on foreign language anxiety from certain aspects.

  18. Domestic and Foreign Banks’ Profitability: Differences and Their Determinants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad AZAM

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study to analyze and compare the profitability of domestic (Public & Private and foreign banks operating in the Pakistan Banking market between 2004 and 2010 on quarterly basis. Total 36 Commercial Banks of Pakistani Industry have represented our sample. To control for the effect of bank ownership on performance, we split the sample into three categories: (1 domestic banks with Government Control, (2 domestic banks with Private control, and (3 foreign banks. This study also finds that foreign banks are more profitable than all domestic banks regardless of their ownership structure by applying regression analysis. This may suggest that it is better for a multinational bank to establish a subsidiary/branch rather than acquiring an “existing player” in the host country. We also found that domestic and foreign banks have different profitability determinants, i.e. factors that are important in shaping domestic banks’ profitability are not necessary important for the foreign banks and vice versa. Empirical results show that foreign banks are less affected by the macroeconomic factors of the host country than domestic banks and they have a higher profitability margin in Pakistan.

  19. Endovascular foreign objects retrieved by interventional radiologists at Universitas Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.F. Potgieter

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available During the past 4 years, 15 patients have undergone intravascular removal of foreign bodies — 9 central venous line fragments, 3 guidewires, 2 pacemaker leads and 1 misplaced embolisation coil. Ten foreign bodies (including 2 guidewires, 2 pacemaker leads and 6 central venous catheter fragments were recovered from the big veins and right heart, 3 (central venous line fragments from the pulmonary arterial system and 2 (an embolisation coil and a guidewire from the arterial system. The percutaneous removal of foreign bodies is efficient with few complications. Surgery should only be considered for patients in whom removal attempts with endovascular interventional techniques have failed.

  20. Youth Exchanges Strengthen Ties with Foreign Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Quanzhou; Office; of; Overseas; Chinese; Affairs

    2016-01-01

    For communication between the youths of Quanzhou and those of foreign sister cities,we organized a number of large events,which included some"going out"and others"invited in".Youth international communication is not only important in peopleto-people diplomacy but is also meaningful in the country’s longterm strategic development.In recent years,steadily pushing forward the youth communication between friendly

  1. Getting better integrated into foreign markets supported by the incubator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyhr Ulrich, Anna Marie; Gretzinger, Susanne; Hollensen, Svend

    The challenges associated with entering foreign growth markets, like BRIC markets, remain significant, especially for inexperienced SMEs. These challenges can include inadequate knowledge about a host country’s culture, norms, values and business environment, and a lack of embeddedness...... in the industry networks abroad. Such barriers can often hinder successful foreign market entry. One concept to use for SMEs, which lack experiential knowledge when bridging new distant international growth markets, is the ‘incubator’. It is best described as a shared office-space facility, including a local...... into the following two propositions: - The higher the level of the company’s accumulated experiential knowledge, the faster integration into the foreign market. - The use of incubator facilitates a faster integration into a specific high growth foreign market....

  2. Policy Recommendations for Developing Foreign-invested Enterprise in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    原磊

    2008-01-01

    China has undergone the three major stages in its development of foreign-invested enterprise: exploratory development, accelerated development and innovative development. This harnessing of foreign investment has resulted in tremendous success for China, including making up for the funds shortage for economic construction, promoting corporate technological progress and management expertise, easing employment pressure, increasing fiscal revenue and boosting trade. At the same time, there have been problems, including questions of economic security, environment and energy issues, unequal competition and problems with the management of foreign-invested enterprises. To promote the development of foreign-invested enterprises in both a healthy and rapid fashion, China should look toward "maintaining policy continuity, promoting the forward-looking nature of policy, strengthening policy guidance and highlighting policy innovativeness."

  3. Fast processing of foreign fiber images by image blocking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yutao Wu

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In the textile industry, it is always the case that cotton products are constitutive of many types of foreign fibers which affect the overall quality of cotton products. As the foundation of the foreign fiber automated inspection, image process exerts a critical impact on the process of foreign fiber identification. This paper presents a new approach for the fast processing of foreign fiber images. This approach includes five main steps, image block, image pre-decision, image background extraction, image enhancement and segmentation, and image connection. At first, the captured color images were transformed into gray-scale images; followed by the inversion of gray-scale of the transformed images ; then the whole image was divided into several blocks. Thereafter, the subsequent step is to judge which image block contains the target foreign fiber image through image pre-decision. Then we segment the image block via OSTU which possibly contains target images after background eradication and image strengthening. Finally, we connect those relevant segmented image blocks to get an intact and clear foreign fiber target image. The experimental result shows that this method of segmentation has the advantage of accuracy and speed over the other segmentation methods. On the other hand, this method also connects the target image that produce fractures therefore getting an intact and clear foreign fiber target image.

  4. A Review on Foreign Language Learning Motivation Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常嘉琪; 王晓静

    2015-01-01

    Foreign language learning motivation is one of the most initiative factors that affect language learning.Its theory mainly includes behaviorism motivation theory,cognitive motivation theory and humanism motivation theory.By analyzing and summarizing these three theories, this article introduces the characteristic as well as the significance of each theory respectively,and tries to provide some enlightenment to our foreign language teaching.

  5. China Drafting Rules to Govern Foreign Participation in CBM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China is drafting rules for coal bed methane (CBM) exploration involving participation by foreign partners in a bid to regulate the nascent industry. The rules will include the required qualifications for foreign companies, as well as the minimum annual exploration areas and investment amounts. The rules are expected to be sent to the National Energy Administration by the end of the year for approval.

  6. China's Foreign Direct Investment - Case Study of Geely acquired Volvo

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Huihui

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this research was to analyze the acquisition case of Volvo Car by Geely including the environment scanning, strategic management and acquisition implementation. The theoretical overview to strategic management explained the acquisition decision making process with various management tools. Furthermore, the benefits and principles of foreign direct investment which were presented in this part are sound base for the detailed discussion about foreign direct investment in Chi...

  7. THE KEY PROBLEMS TO ATTRACT FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN RUSSIAN ECONOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrova Y. V.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the problems that inhibit the influx of foreign investments into the Russian market, including geopolitical factors. We have analyzed the pattern of other-countries, investment in the Russian economy, for comparison, of the given data according to their size in the EU and China. The article focuses on the relationship of foreign investment to the competitiveness of the economy

  8. Comparison and Enlightenment of Criminal Cases Judgment Online Publicity in Foreign Countries%域外刑事裁判文书上网比较与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高一飞; 吕阳

    2015-01-01

    In criminal justice field, judgment documents online publicity has become a new obligation of the international society. There are different features of criminal documents publicity among the United States, United Kingdom, the European Union and Taiwan area in China. At the same time, there are many common matters, such as paying attention to the system design for online publicity, high timeliness of online publicity, building various types of databases, providing a variety of searching mechanism, protecting individual privacy and so on. At present, the practice of putting criminal judgments online in China is not yet perfect;there exist some problems, such as not yet complete and specialized database, impractical searching mechanism, and lack of effective oversight and procedural sanctions for criminal documents online. China can absorb some reasonable factors of other countries, strengthen the online technology, establish a unified document publicity platform and retrieval mechanism to facilitate citizens, and optimize the whole process of criminal documents online publicity, thus making it an effective way to supervise judicial trial.%裁判文书是案件处理结果的最终载体,裁判文书上网公开,不仅是实现程序正义的需要,更是实现实体正义的需要。在刑事司法领域,裁判文书上网公开已经成为国际社会应当履行的新义务。在美国、英国、欧盟国家及我国的台湾地区,刑事裁判文书上网各自呈现出不同的特点,其中也不乏许多共同之处,其注重文书上网的制度设计,上网的时效性较高;注重上网平台的建设,构建多种类型的数据库,提供多样的检索机制;注重保护个人隐私等。当前,我国刑事裁判文书上网的做法尚不成熟,其中还存在一些问题,如尚未建成专门的文书数据库,检索机制缺乏实用性,刑事裁判文书上网与否缺乏有效的监督和程序性制裁。我国可

  9. Survey of foreign graduate students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Peter M.

    In the 1983 American Institute of Physics (AIP) Graduate Student Survey, the issue of foreign versus national students in U.S. graduate programs was explored. In the past decade, the number of entering graduate students from foreign nations in American universities has risen from about 600 to about 1100, an increase from 23% in 1973 to 40% in 1983 of all entering physics graduate students in the United States. There are more than 10,000 graduate students in physics in the United StatesThe benefits, or lack thereof, of having foreign graduate students raises a number of philosophical points. Like all students, foreign students learn from academic programs; but at high competitive levels, they contribute as well. The essence of growth in any academic program is described by the creativity supplied by ever incoming students. In an academically competitive system the question of foreign students displacing U.S. students in graduate programs has no definition. On the other hand, what about the graduate job market after graduation? Some would point to the return of foreign graduates to their homeland as an example of U.S. education efforts not benefitting U.S. society, at least directly. Others worry about foreign graduates flooding the U.S. job market.

  10. Global Public Goods and The Role of Emerging Power: Considering the Concept of Impure Public Goods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Rieshøj Yi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The existing analysis of global public goods over-emphasizes the significance of public. Great power as a main provider has played an active role in these strategic initiatives, which may be ignored. In fact, main power has thought about the possible free-riders when providing public goods and making its foreign strategic plan. China’s announcement to “welcome the neighbouring countries to be a free-rider and benefit from China’s rise” is a good example. It is necessary to think about the theory of public goods and take another look at the free-riding phenomenon. The concept of impure public goods may be useful and effective when we understand the reason why global public goods are being provided and are relatively efficient. As an emerging power, China should have a clear strategy on global public goods with a possible “marketing” viewpoint, including more initiatives and specific measures, so that the global public goods provision may be more diverse and well-planned.

  11. Publicity and public relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fosha, Charles E.

    1990-01-01

    This paper addresses approaches to using publicity and public relations to meet the goals of the NASA Space Grant College. Methods universities and colleges can use to publicize space activities are presented.

  12. STRATEGY OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS DEVELOPMENT IN CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataliya BYKOVA

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The role of strategy of public-private partnerships development through information is examined. The informational nature measures, the implementation of which help to promote Ukrainian innovative products on foreign markets, are identified. The urgency of implementing the strategy of public-private partnerships to intensify foreign trade with innovative products in crisis period is substantiated.

  13. 22 CFR 171.23 - Declassification in the public interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Declassification in the public interest. 171.23 Section 171.23 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE ACCESS TO INFORMATION AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION AND... public interest in disclosure of the information, and in these cases the information should...

  14. [Penetrating head and brain injuries with nonmetal foreign bodies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potapov, A A; Okhlopkov, V A; Latyshev, Ya A; Serova, N K; Eolchiyan, S A

    2014-01-01

    Penetrating brain injuries (PBI) are common in neurosurgical practice. Most of them are civil or war-time missile and blast injuries. This type of trauma is widely presented in neurosurgical publication, textbooks and clinical evidence-based guidelines. At the same time, PBI by non-metallic foreign bodies are very rare. All the data are limited to case reports and small series of cases. Moreover, there are no clinical consideration on diagnosis, treatment, complication, outcome and prognosis of PBI by non-metallic penetrating brain injuries. In this review all the data are summarized to provide recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment of PBI by non-metallic foreign bodies.

  15. Pragmatics and Foreign Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Fei-fei

    2013-01-01

    Pragmatics has gotten more and more attention since its decades’long history. As a branch of studying linguistics, the studying of pragmatics is focusing on how to understanding and using language in special context, and to achieve the purpose that using foreign language to communicate. Pragmatics makes a new road to solve this problem. This paper is focusing on the rela-tionship between pragmatics and foreign language teaching, the using and the enlightenment. Then we can get more methods to improve the foreign language teaching.

  16. Pragmatics and Foreign Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建英

    2014-01-01

    pragmatics has gotten more and more attention since its decades’ long history.As a branch of studying linguistics, the studying of Pragmatics is focusing on how to understanding and using language in special context, and to achieve the purpose that using foreign language to communicate.Pragmatics makes a new road to solve this problem.This paper is focusing on the relationship between pragmatics and foreign language teaching, the using and the enlightenment.Then we can get more methods to improve the foreign language teaching.

  17. Uncommon, undeclared oesophageal foreign bodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akenroye, M I; Osukoya, A T

    2012-01-01

    We report two cases of unusual and undeclared oesophageal foreign bodies. A small double-rounded calabash or bottle gourd Lagenaria siceraria, stuffed with traditional medicine designed to acquire spiritual power. A whole tricotyledonous kola nut Cola nitida also designed to make medicine to gain love from a woman after passing it out in stool. Each case presented with a sudden onset of total dysphagia and history of ingestion of foreign bodies was not volunteered by any despite direct questioning. Plain radiograph of the neck and chest in either case did not reveal presence of foreign body. Both were successfully removed through rigid oesophagoscopy.

  18. Cognitive independence in foreign language learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maylín Rodríguez Sánchez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper is intended to describe a didactic strategy to contribute to the development of foreign languages course students’ cognitive independence at Camagüey University. In its theoretical conception it is re-defined the concept “cognitive independence”, springing from the context in which the research is carried out, and the distinguishing features that characterize this capacity in students of foreign languages for pedagogical purposes are determined. The strategy comprises four stages: diagnosis, planning, execution, and evaluation. It is included the exemplification of the actions comprised in each stage, as well as the valuation of its effectiveness by means of experts’ opinions. Theoretical and empirical methods were applied, allowing the identification of the scientific problem and the modeling of its solution.

  19. Tarantula Hairs as Corneal Foreign Bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian C. Stagg

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To report a case of tarantula hairs found in the cornea and discuss treatment. Case Report: A 16-year-old male presented with a 6-week history of right ocular irritation that began after letting his pet tarantula crawl on his face. Slit-lamp examination of the right eye revealed the presence of approximately 16 dark foreign bodies that had the appearance of small hairs. The foreign bodies were removed from the nasal region of the right cornea using Jewelers forceps, and the patient was prescribed a combination neomycin, polymyxin B, and dexamethasone ointment (Maxitrol®, given 4 times per day. Results: The patient presented for follow-up 2 weeks later, with resolution of symptoms. Conclusion: Effective treatment of keratitis caused by tarantula hairs includes taking a detailed history, conducting a careful slit-lamp examination, removal of any accessible hairs, and initiation of treatment with a topical steroid as determined by the clinical picture.

  20. Closing the Knowledge Gap in Foreign Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyles, Marjorie A.; Pedersen, Torben; Petersen, Bent

    The study explores how firms close their knowledge gaps in relation to business environments of foreign markets. Potential determinants are derived from traditional internationalization process theory as well as more recent literature on organizational learning processes, including the concept...... of absorptive capacity. Building on these two literature streams a conceptual model is developed and tested on a set of primary data of Danish firms and their foreign market operations. The empirical study suggests that factors considered essential in traditional internationalization process theory......, such as experiential learning, explains only a very limited part of perceived knowledge gaps. When factors pertaining to the concepts of absorptive capacity and superstitious learning are added, the explanatory power improves significantly. Apparently, our understanding of firms' internationalization processes can...

  1. What constitutes a compensation free regulation of foreign-owned property in international law? Some thoughts on the protection of foreign investment against expropriations, the states' right to regulate, arbitrators and TTIP

    OpenAIRE

    Gildeggen, Rainer; Willburger, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    This article intends to help understand the debate about TTIP by focusing on the specific issue of how TTIP may regulate investment protection of foreign-owned property. It gives an overview of the international law of expropriations of and other interferences with foreign-owned property for public welfare objectives such as public health and safety, environmental protection, public morals, the promotion and protection of cultural diversity and human rights, and asks whether such interference...

  2. Analysis of foreign schools of risk management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.M. Posokhov

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to study the scientific development of foreign scientific schools of risk management and analysis of their main publications; the allocation of foreign scientific schools of risk management. The results of the analysis. Research of modern risk management is carried out leading foreign schools. The most famous school in the theory of financial risk and risk management is American school. Among its current members are D. Galai, H. Greuning, A. Damodaran, P. Jorion, J. Kallman, M. Crouhy, M. Mccarthy, R. Mark, T. Flynn and other scientists. Important contribution to the development of the theory and practice of risk management made British scientists and economists – the representatives of English Schools of Risk Management: T. Andersen, T. Bedford, A. Griffin, A. Zaman, R. Cooke, P. Sweeting, P. Hopkin, a German P. Schroder and others. A significant advance to the theory of risk management of German scientific school, based on the classic work of Zadeh has received significant results of the risk assessment using fuzzy logic and fuzzy sets. Graduate School of Risk Management of the University of Cologne is training and research group funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG under the project «Theoretical and Empirical Basis of Risk Management». The aim of Graduate School of Risk Management is to promote young scientists. The school risk management of the University of Cologne outstanding research conducted by German and foreign professors, such as: K. Mosler, A. Kempf, C. Kuhner, T. Hartmann-Wendels, C. Homburg, D. Hess, D. Sliwka, F. Schmid, H. Schradin. The author noted the existence and fruitful work in the capital of Switzerland Laboratory of risk management (Risk Lab Switzerland and its leading scientists: P. Embrechts, A. Gisler, M. Wüthrich, H. Bühlmann, V. Bignozzi, M. Hofert, P. Deprez, and the Basel Committee on banking supervision – Developer international standards of Basel

  3. Nuclear Proliferation Factbook. Prepared for the Subcommittees on Arms Control, International Security and Science and on International Economic Policy and Trade of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives and the Subcommittee on Energy, Nuclear Proliferation, and Federal Processes of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate, 99th Congress, 1st session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.

    To provide a handy reference for those concerned with ways to avoid the further spread, or proliferation, of nuclear weapons, the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs have since 1977 sponsored periodic publication of the Nuclear Proliferation Factbook. This fourth edition of the factbook includes a…

  4. PUBLIC SCHOOL LAWS OF NORTH CAROLINA--COMMUNITY COLLEGES, TECHNICAL INSTITUTES, AND INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION CENTERS. CHAPTER 115A, GENERAL STATUTES OF NORTH CAROLINA, INCLUDING AMENDMENTS ADOPTED BY THE 1965 AND 1967 GENERAL ASSEMBLIES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina General Assembly, Raleigh.

    CHAPTER 115A OF THE GENERAL STATUTES OF NORTH CAROLINA PROVIDES FOR THE STATE'S COMMUNITY COLLEGES, TECHNICAL INSTITUTES, AND INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION CENTERS. IT INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING ARTICLES--(1) GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR STATE ADMINISTRATION, (2) LOCAL ADMINISTRATION, (3) FINANCIAL SUPPORT, (4) BUDGETING, ACCOUNTING, AND FISCAL MANAGEMENT, (5)…

  5. Timing Foreign Exchange Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel W. Malone

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available To improve short-horizon exchange rate forecasts, we employ foreign exchange market risk factors as fundamentals, and Bayesian treed Gaussian process (BTGP models to handle non-linear, time-varying relationships between these fundamentals and exchange rates. Forecasts from the BTGP model conditional on the carry and dollar factors dominate random walk forecasts on accuracy and economic criteria in the Meese-Rogoff setting. Superior market timing ability for large moves, more than directional accuracy, drives the BTGP’s success. We explain how, through a model averaging Monte Carlo scheme, the BTGP is able to simultaneously exploit smoothness and rough breaks in between-variable dynamics. Either feature in isolation is unable to consistently outperform benchmarks throughout the full span of time in our forecasting exercises. Trading strategies based on ex ante BTGP forecasts deliver the highest out-of-sample risk-adjusted returns for the median currency, as well as for both predictable, traded risk factors.

  6. Biotechnology's foreign policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldbaum, Carl

    2002-01-01

    From its inception, biotechnology has been a uniquely international enterprise. An American and an Englishman working together elucidated the structure of DNA almost 50 years ago; more recently, the Human Genome Project linked researchers around the world, from the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston to the Beijing Human Genome Center. Today our industry's researchers hail from African villages and Manhattan high rises; from Munich and Melbourne; from London, Ontario, and London, England; from Scotland and Nova Scotia--New Scotland; from Calcutta and Calgary. But in the beginning, the infrastructure that supported these efforts--intellectual property, venture capital, streamlined technology transfer--was less widely dispersed and the world's brightest biotech researchers clustered in only half a dozen scientific Meccas. Previous technological revolutions have spread around the world. Following in their footsteps, biotechnology's global diaspora seems inevitable, especially since governments are promoting it. But as our science and business emigrate from early strongholds in the United States, Canada and Europe across oceans and borders and into new cultures, international tensions over biotechnology continue to grow. In just the last few years, controversies have rolled over R&D spending priorities, genetic patents, bioprospecting, transgenic agriculture and drug pricing. My premise today is that our industry needs to formulate its first foreign policy, one which is cognizant of the miserable judgments and mistakes of other industries--and avoids them.

  7. The Problem of Partisanship in American Foreign Policy Book Review: Gries P.H. The Politics of American Foreign Policy: How Ideology Divides Liberals and Conservatives over Foreign Affairs Stanford, California: Stanford University press, 2014. 367 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Il'ya Anatol'evich Sokov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This publication is the review on the book of Peter Hays Gries “The Politics of American Foreign Policy: How Ideology Divides Liberals and Conservatives over Foreign Affairs”. The book consists of Preface, Introduction, the Text from two parts: Part I “Concepts” includes 5 chapters, Part II “Cases” also includes 5 chapters and four of them description the relations of the USA with the world regions: Latin America, Europe, the Middle East, the South Asia and the last chapter - relations with the international organizations. The end of the text is the Conclusion. Besides the text of book consists of 100 illustrations and 2 charts. The Preface was written by David Lyle Boren, the President of Oklahoma University and the US Ex-Senator (1979-1994, where he was at the head of Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and he knows the topic which the author of monograph studies. The problems is studied by P.H. Gries are interested by the native specialists, who studies the international relations. This book is recommended to students, post-graduate students, scientists and all of them who are interested by the problems of international relations.

  8. China's Foreign Investment Develops Stably

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In 2006, with the promotion of economic globalization and the rapid development of Chinese economy, the foreign investment of Chinese companies got further accelerated and promoted the fast, coordinated, healthy development of national economy.

  9. Cuba's Revolutionary Foreign Policy Concept

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marcos Rodriguez Costa

    2006-01-01

    @@ At the invitation of Cui Liru, President of China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR), Cuban Deputy Foreign Minister Marcos Rodriguez Costa paid a visit to CICIR on November 13, 2006. Following are the contents of his speech in CICIR.

  10. Foreign body in the heart

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Xin-min; ZHU Hong-yu; WANG Zhen-long; XU Zhao-hua

    2005-01-01

    @@ As an emergency, a foreign body in the heart should generally be removed as early as possible by surgical or non-surgical procedures in order to avoid any complications. Early treatment typically results in a better prognosis.

  11. Foreign object - inhaled or swallowed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cukor J, Manno M. Pediatric respiratory emergencies. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al., eds. ... 39. Thomas SH, Goodloe JM. Foreign bodies. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al., eds. ...

  12. Foreign body in the nose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cukor J, Manno M. Pediatric respiratory emergencies. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. ... 168. Thomas SH, Goodloe JM. Foreign bodies. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al., eds. ...

  13. First Changchun Foreigners Sports Meet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>The first Changchun Foreigners Sports Meet came to a successful close on June 3 after five days of fierce but friendly competition,in which participants showed that they attached great importance to participation and friendship.

  14. Public support for coercive diplomacy: Exploring public opinion data from ten European countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Onderco (Michal)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractScholarship has increasingly acknowledged the importance of public attitudes for shaping the European Union's Common Foreign and Security Policy. Economic sanctions emerged as one of CFSP's central tools. Yet despite the emergence of sanctions as a popular instrument in the EU foreign po

  15. The Relationship between Gender and Iranian EFL Learners’ Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety (FLCA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fakhri Mesri

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Foreign language anxiety is widely used to describe the feeling of tension and apprehension, which is specifically associated with foreign language learning contexts, including listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Foreign language classroom anxiety (FLCA is related to foreign language anxiety and language-skill-specific anxiety, and fairly recently identified as distinguished from other forms of anxiety. FLCA is a more general type of anxiety in learning a foreign language with a strong speaking anxiety element; and low self-confidence is identified as an important component of its construct. Research shows that FLCA is a complex, multi-dimensional phenomenon; it has many potential sources; and it interferes with the acquisition, retention, and production of a foreign language. It seems that in most of English classes in Iran little attention has been paid to the role of the gender on EFL learners' Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety (FLCA. Hence, this study attempted to investigate the relationship between EFL learners’ Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety (FLCA with regard to gender. The data were gathered through questionnaire: the Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (Horwitz, Horwitz, & Cope, 1986.The participants were 52 students studying English at Salmas University. The findings revealed a significant relationship between FLCA and females. It was recommended that foreign language teachers should be aware of Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety (FLCA level, its causes and results. The study also offers some context-specific pedagogical implications for Iranian EFL teachers and practitioners.

  16. Diagnosis of Pediatric Foreign Body Ingestion: Clinical Presentation, Physical Examination, and Radiologic Findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sink, Jacquelyn R; Kitsko, Dennis J; Mehta, Deepak K; Georg, Matthew W; Simons, Jeffrey P

    2016-04-01

    (1) To describe clinical and radiologic findings in patients with esophageal foreign bodies. (2) To examine the sensitivity and specificity of history, physical examination, and radiologic studies in children with suspected foreign body ingestion. A retrospective cohort study was performed evaluating all children who underwent esophagoscopy for suspected foreign body ingestion at our institution from 2006 to 2013. Five hundred forty-three patients were included (54% male). Average age was 4.7 years (SD = 4.1 years). Foreign bodies were identified on esophagoscopy in 497 cases (92%). Ingestion was witnessed in 23% of cases. Most common presenting symptoms were choking/gagging (49%), vomiting (47%), and dysphagia/odynophagia (42%). Most patients with foreign bodies had a normal exam (76%). Most foreign bodies were radiopaque (83%). In 59% of patients with normal chest radiographs, a foreign body was present. Sensitivity and specificity of 1 or more findings on history, physical examination, and imaging were 99% and 0%, 21% and 76%, and 83% and 100%, respectively. Most patients with esophageal foreign bodies are symptomatic. Although many patients will have a normal physical examination, an abnormal exam should increase suspicion for a foreign body. Most esophageal foreign bodies are radiopaque, but a normal chest radiograph cannot rule out a foreign body. © The Author(s) 2015.

  17. 国外医院公私合营模式经验及对我国的启示%Implications of Foreign Hospitals' Public-private Partnership

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石建伟; 马莎; 耿劲松

    2015-01-01

    基于新公共服务理论,指出政府在公立医院投资建设活动中放权和公私合营(public-private partnership,PPP)建设的必要性.继而通过文献梳理,总结出国外医院典型PPP模式的经验在于成熟法律机制的保障、严格的监督约束和专门机构的助推发展,但与此同时,各国PPP实践中也出现了维护成本过高、为节约成本导致质量低下等问题.基于国外的经验与教训,提出在我国公立医院PPP模式环境尚不成熟的背景下,应坚持政府主导、完备相关制度建设、建立相应的配套机构,并引导规范市场的形成.

  18. 75 FR 52512 - Acceptance of Public Submissions on the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-26

    ... accepting public submissions in the Retail Off-Exchange Foreign Currency area because the official public... Products Agricultural Swaps AgSwaps@CFTC.gov Foreign Currency (Retail Off-Exchange)...... Comment period... Foreign FBOTRegistration@CFTC.gov Boards of Trade. Rule Certification & Approval Procedures...

  19. Optical modulator including grapene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Ming; Yin, Xiaobo; Zhang, Xiang

    2016-06-07

    The present invention provides for a one or more layer graphene optical modulator. In a first exemplary embodiment the optical modulator includes an optical waveguide, a nanoscale oxide spacer adjacent to a working region of the waveguide, and a monolayer graphene sheet adjacent to the spacer. In a second exemplary embodiment, the optical modulator includes at least one pair of active media, where the pair includes an oxide spacer, a first monolayer graphene sheet adjacent to a first side of the spacer, and a second monolayer graphene sheet adjacent to a second side of the spacer, and at least one optical waveguide adjacent to the pair.

  20. Foreign investment multinational companies and economic development

    OpenAIRE

    Popov, Đorđe

    2013-01-01

    There is no universal answer on the question whether foreign investments stimulate economic development. The positive effect of foreign direct investments will follow when the investments is carried out under normal conditions of competition. That means, above all, low barriers for foreign trade and the low level of restrictions for foreign owned companies. In such circumstances, multinational corporations can assist the economies of penetration to make its businesses more efficient. Foreign ...

  1. Visual Impairment, Including Blindness

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Who Knows What? Survey Item Bank Search for: Visual Impairment, Including Blindness Links updated, April 2017 En ... doesn’t wear his glasses. Back to top Visual Impairments in Children Vision is one of our ...

  2. Cigarette consumption among foreign tourists in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Termsirikulchai, Lakkhana; Kengganpanich, Mondha; Benjakul, Sarunya; Kengganpanich, Tharadol

    2012-06-01

    To explore the cigarette consumption among foreign tourists in Thailand. The data in this cross-sectional survey is collected by interviewing 655 foreign tourist smokers with questionnaires in congested areas including Suvarnabhum International Airport, Khao San Road, shopping centers and tourist attraction sites. The data was collected in October, 2010, analyzed by descriptive statistic and the crude magnitude of cigarette consumption was calculated. The findings indicated that 62.9% of tourists were male and 58.9% were from European countries and 22.7% were from Asian countries. 59.2% smoked cigarettes sold in Thailand and were taxed legally. In that amount, 55.7% smoked imported cigarettes and only 3.5% smoked Thai cigarettes. 40.8% had brought cigarettes from their countries or bought cigarettes from Duty Free shops with the amount allowed by Thai law. The top 2 popular brands were Marlboro and L&M. The main reason why they bought imported cigarettes in Thailand was that the price was cheaper or the same when compared with that in their countries. The cigarette consumption share crudely calculated was around 8.90 million packs. Foreign tourists smoked imported cigarettes distributed in Thailand and cigarettes brought from abroad. So, Free Trade Agreement in bilateral level or multilateral level need to be reviewed and should separate cigarettes from other goods. The tax barrier excise tax measure and permission law of carrying in 200 sticks should be reviewed in order to control cigarette consumption effectively.

  3. The impact of foreign investors on the Serbian stock market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakočević Rade

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Frontier markets, such as Serbia, which are at the early stages of development, are characterized by very low level of solvency, absence of corporate management rules and reports to the public, insufficiently developed regulations, as well as significant participation of foreign portfolio investors in the exchange. Those are usually foreign investment funds specialized in risky investments at such markets; they apply the principle of geographic portfolio diversification in their investment policy. At the Belgrade Stock Exchange, foreign investors have been present at the stock market since 2002 and they participated in high volumes in stock buying during the stock market growth in the period from 2002 to 2007, whereas during the crisis at the Serbian capital market from 2008 to 2010 there was a significant increase in foreign investors' participation on the selling side and a withdrawal from the Belgrade Stock Exchange. Such behavior of foreign investors was initially prompted by local factors, but was intensified by the global financial crisis and will be analyzed in this paper.

  4. A study on Publicity Path of Chinese Dream in Foreign Studies Institutions---Based on the Research and Analysis of Students’Values of SISU%外语类院校“中国梦”的宣传路径探析--基于上海外国语大学学生价值观的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄一帆; 叶玮; 吴欣怡; 褚文佳; 赵家杰; 忻炯俊

    2015-01-01

    It is a realistic need to integrate Chinese dream in college ideological and political education, as well as the internal demand of socialist ideology construction. Due to the special traits of foreign language colleges, students often are confronted with cultural conflicts and values. This paper puts forward the idea that we should promote publicity of“Chinese dream”through classroom teaching, campus culture, new media and so on.%在大学生思想政治教育中融入中国梦既是思想教育的现实需要,也是社会主义意识形态建设的内在要求。外语类院校由于其自身的特殊性,学生常常会面临文化的冲突与价值观的碰撞。本文基于对上海外国语大学学生价值观的调查分析,提出应借助课堂教学、校园文化、新媒体等手段,多措并举,加强“中国梦”的宣传。

  5. Understanding and Facing Discipline-Related Challenges in the English as a Foreign Language Classroom at Public Schools Comprensión y tratamiento de los retos asociados a la disciplina en el aula de lengua extranjera en escuelas públicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josefina Quintero Corzo

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Complying with school regulations and teachers' instructions is a basic principle of an excellent class; both novice and experienced teachers face challenging situations when getting into real classrooms, especially those related to classroom management. There are various reasons that explain discipline problems in public schools, as well as varied strategies beginning teachers create and try when coping with those challenges. This article reports an action research study on how this methodology helped a group of teacher-trainees overcome indiscipline in English as a foreign language classrooms at public schools, and align with professional development initiatives which focus on reflection and decision-making processes that the new Colombian policies demand from new teachers seeking a higher quality of education.Responder a las normas escolares y a las instrucciones de los profesores es un principio básico de una clase excelente. Tanto los profesores novatos como los experimentados enfrentan situaciones problemáticas en las aulas de clase reales, especialmente en relación con la disciplina. Hay varias razones que explican la indisciplina en los colegios públicos y también estrategias variadas que los profesores principiantes crean y ensayan para superar tal reto. Este artículo reporta un estudio de investigación acción que ayudó a un grupo de profesores principiantes a superar la indisciplina en el aula de inglés en colegios públicos y a responder a iniciativas de desarrollo profesional con base en procesos de reflexión y toma de decisiones que las nuevas políticas educativas colombianas demandan de las nuevas generaciones de profesores para mejorar la calidad de la educación.

  6. Shaping the Future of Foreign Language Education: FLES, Articulation, and Proficiency. Report of Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalande, John F. II, Ed.

    Selected papers from the 1988 conference on foreign language issues for the future include: "Articulation for Elementary School Foreign Language Programs: Challenges and Opportunities" (Carol Ann Pesola); "Articulation: A Resolvable Problem?" (Dale L. Lange); "Profiles of Frustration: Second Language Learners with Specific Learning Disabilities"…

  7. Foreign body ingestion: rare cause of cervical abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Liliana; Larangeiro, João; Pinto Moura, Carla; Santos, Margarida

    2014-01-01

    Foreign body ingestion is a frequent emergency occurrence. Serious complications, although rare, include pharyngooesophageal perforation, aorto-oesophageal fistula and deep neck infection. A retrospective review was performed of all cases of foreign body ingestion requiring hospitalization between 1989 and 2011, in a tertiary Hospital. Cases complicated by deep cervical abscess were selected and their clinical presentation, results of diagnostic exams, therapeutics and clinical evolution are presented. Among a total of 1679 cases, 319 were related to pediatric patients and 1360 to adults. Two cases were reported (0.12%): an adult, 41 years-old, with parapharyngeal abscess subsequent to fishbone ingestion, and a child, 13 months-old, with retropharyngeal abscess consequent to chicken bone ingestion. Complications appeared three and four days after foreign body removal, respectively. In both situations cervical computerized tomography scan with contrast and surgical drainage were accomplished; the child was also submitted to rigid esophagoscopy for residual foreign body removal and closure of the associated pharyngeal laceration. Deep cervical abscesses are an uncommon but possible complication of foreign body ingestion and constitute a diagnostic challenge, particularly in children. Previous oesophageal manipulation by flexible endoscopy may be considered a risk factor for such complication. Imagiological studies proved to be crucial for diagnosis and therapeutic planning. Although a rare complication, given a recent history of foreign body ingestion/removal and the presence of compatible symptoms, cervical abscesses should be taken into account, highlighting their potential morbimortality in the absence of an appropriate therapeutic approach.

  8. TEACHING ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TO FOREIGNERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana Claudia Horea

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Teaching English as a foreign language requires very different approaches if we consider the recipients of the didactic process. Concerning the practical aspects of the primary task of a language instructor, namely teaching, skills of all sorts are required in order to be able to use best methods and most appropriate resources and up to date materials and devices. Moreover, to teach students of your own mother tongue is one very distinct thing from teaching foreigners. These two categories, namely students of the same mother tongue as their teacher and foreigners, have two things in common, namely: first, they are the subjects on whom the activity of teaching English is to be applied and second, this language is not their native tongue. These facts can thus be reduced to one idea: addressing to recipients of EFL teaching. Still, there is a big difference between teaching the first category mentioned, those who have the same mother tongue as the teacher and teaching the second category, foreigners, to whom not even the vaguest hints can be provided in other language than English. There comes a new challenge, an extra endeavour for an even more special approach. This study undertakes to present some of the distinctions entailed at the level of teaching methods and to parallel the diverse methodological approaches for the two situations presented. Are the four skills that language acquisition assumes to be taught distinctly and shall the approaches in each particular situation differ from one case to the other or not too much? It takes some distinct features to be or, better saying, to become a teacher of languages; and to teach English as foreign language to foreigners is a new development within this typology, a diverse dimension. New levels of character traits are instinctively reached by instructors in order to better cope, unconsciously, psychologically and emotionally, with the upgraded’ challenges.

  9. Purchase Intention of Foreign Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahasanul Haque

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The current research aims to investigate various factors that influence consumers’ intention of buying foreign products. The data were collected by means of self-structured questionnaires from a total of 260 Bangladeshi consumers residing in the two major cities of the country, Dhaka and Chittagong. At the initial stage, statistical analyses, particularly descriptive analysis as well as exploratory factor analysis, were conducted using SPSS, after which structural equation modeling was run by using AMOS. The findings have established that brand image and quality of foreign products carry significant positive influence on purchase intention of foreign products. However, religiosity leaves a significant negative effect on the purchase intention of foreign products. Furthermore, findings have also revealed that the image of the country of origin carries a significant positive effect on brand image but ethnocentrism carries a significant negative effect on perceptions about the quality of foreign products in their purchase intention. The major contribution of the current study is that it focuses on Bangladesh, as there is a vacuum in contemporary literature on this topic in the context of Bangladeshi consumers. The findings derived from the study could facilitate marketers in the creation of effective marketing strategies and at the same time are also valuable for academicians as well as consumers at large.

  10. EUROPEANIZATION OF ROMANIAN FOREIGN POLICY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Popescu

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses various aspects of the Europeanization of Romanian foreign policy: elite socialization, bureaucratic reorganization, institutional and policy adaptation to the requirements and exigencies of EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP, projection of national interests onto CFSP agenda and decisions. There is very little written in the literature on the subject of Romanian foreign policy Europeanization. From this standpoint this article fills a gap and indicates an area of research in need to be explored. The paper is using a series of Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA documents related to its organizational changes as well as a number of interviews with diplomats. It is trying to test in the case of Romania a few relevant theses written by significant authors with reference to the Europeanization of other Member States. It draws a number of conclusions – most of them confirming important theses on Europeanization. It ends by remarking the uneven character and the short length of the Romanian foreign policy Europeanization.

  11. Foreign bodies in the torax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćerimagić Zenaida

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Metallic foreign bodies in the lung could be recognized using radiography. Non-metallic foreign bodies make difficulties because they are not as dense as metals. The aim of this report was to present the case of nonmetallic foreign bodies in the lung. Case report. A soldier of the Federation Army of Bosnia and Hertzegovina, injured in the explosion in 1998 was presented. The soldier was subjected to thoracic drainage and surgery tretment of the wound. After one year, the pulmologist treated him with tuberculostatics because of hemoptysis and pulmonary infiltration shown by a radiogram. This therapy had no effects, and the pulmologist presented this case to the thoracic surgeon who made thoracotomy removing a piece of wood (13 × 2 × 0.7 cm, 20 different-size pieces of wood, and a piece of textile from the lung. Conclusion. Patients with penetrating explosive lung injuries without metallic foreign bodies shown by a radiogram, with complications as hemoptisis, lung abscess, bronchiectasis, obstruction of the bronchus, chronic pneumonia should be subjected to thoracotomy for removing suspected foreign bodies without resecting the lung.

  12. 75 FR 53999 - Office of the Secretary: Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-02

    ... Office of the Secretary: Notice of Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and... Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits Filed Under Subpart B... Public Convenience and Necessity and Foreign Air Carrier Permits were filed under Subpart B...

  13. Example sentences in bilingual specialised dictionaries assisting communication in a foreign language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sandro

    2014-01-01

    production process reveal that this also includes grammar, language conventions, genre conventions and style. Specialists can be expected to know conventions and style in their own source language culture but cannot be expected to know how these are realised in a foreign language. Bilingual specialised...... to assist in foreign language communication so that they provide help to practitioners, researchers and translators who produce specialised texts in a foreign language using proper conventions and style....

  14. National Treatment and American Foreign Policy - The Evolution of National Treatment Approaches in International Trade

    OpenAIRE

    Kucherepa, Peter

    2006-01-01

    The National Treatment Clause, Article 1102 of the North American Free Trade Agreement, protects foreign investors from discrimination, including expropriation of their investments. This national treatment approach - equal treatment of foreign investors and local investors by states - was developed to encourage investment in Europe after the Second World War. Over the course of fifty years, the approach has evolved to provide foreign investors with protections over and above those provided to...

  15. The relationship between past language learning experiences and foreign language anxiety of Turkish university EFL students

    OpenAIRE

    Çakar, Gülsen Gültekin

    2009-01-01

    Ankara : The Department of Teaching English as a Foreign Language, Bilkent University, 2009. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 2009. Includes bibliographical references leaves 96-101. This study mainly investigated the relationship between past language learning experiences and the foreign language anxiety levels of university EFL learners. It also aimed to find out the extent to which language learning background factors have an impact on foreign language anxiety. Th...

  16. Foreign Ownership and Long-term Survival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kronborg, Dorte; Thomsen, Steen

    2006-01-01

    Does foreign ownership enhance or decrease a firm's chances of survival? Over the 100 year period 1895-2001 this paper compares the survival of foreign subsidiaries in Denmark to a control sample matched by industry and firm size. We find that foreign-owned companies have higher survival probabil......Does foreign ownership enhance or decrease a firm's chances of survival? Over the 100 year period 1895-2001 this paper compares the survival of foreign subsidiaries in Denmark to a control sample matched by industry and firm size. We find that foreign-owned companies have higher survival...... probability. On average exit risk for domestic companies is 2.3 times higher than for foreign companies. First movers like Siemens, Philips, Kodak, Ford, GM or Goodyear have been active in the country for almost a century. Relative foreign survival increases with company age. However, the foreign survival...

  17. Analytic device including nanostructures

    KAUST Repository

    Di Fabrizio, Enzo M.

    2015-07-02

    A device for detecting an analyte in a sample comprising: an array including a plurality of pixels, each pixel including a nanochain comprising: a first nanostructure, a second nanostructure, and a third nanostructure, wherein size of the first nanostructure is larger than that of the second nanostructure, and size of the second nanostructure is larger than that of the third nanostructure, and wherein the first nanostructure, the second nanostructure, and the third nanostructure are positioned on a substrate such that when the nanochain is excited by an energy, an optical field between the second nanostructure and the third nanostructure is stronger than an optical field between the first nanostructure and the second nanostructure, wherein the array is configured to receive a sample; and a detector arranged to collect spectral data from a plurality of pixels of the array.

  18. An Attempt for the Exploration of Academicians' Experiences of the Standard Foreign Language Tests Held in Turkey through Metaphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yesilyurt, Savas

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explore academicians' perceptions and experiences about the public high-stakes Foreign Language Test(s) (YDS, formerly UDS, KPDS, and their counterparts in different times and contexts) used to measure foreign language proficiency in Turkey. For this purpose, data were collected from academicians with different…

  19. 77 FR 38269 - Approval for Manufacturing Authority; Foreign-Trade Zone 15; Blount, Inc. (Log Splitters); Kansas...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ..., filed 11-29-2011); Whereas, notice inviting public comment has been given in the Federal Register (76 FR... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Foreign-Trade Zones Board Approval for Manufacturing Authority; Foreign-Trade Zone 15; Blount, Inc....

  20. "Foreign Language Activities" in Japanese Elementary Schools: Negotiating Teacher Roles and Identities within a New Language Education Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horii, Sachiko Yokoi

    2012-01-01

    In 2008, a new language education policy called "Gaikokugo Katsudou" [Foreign Language Activities] was issued by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sport, Science, and Technology (MEXT) in Japan. Effective 2011, foreign language education became mandatory in all Japanese public elementary schools for the first time. With this dramatic…

  1. Science in Foreign Language Education: A Response to MLA Reports from a Liberal Arts College Spanish Program Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domcekova, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    According to the author, the Modern Language Association's (MLA's) recent publication of the reports "Foreign Languages and Higher Education: New Structures for a Changed World" and "Report to the Teagle Foundation on the Undergraduate Major in Language and Literature" concerning foreign language education has caused many of them to reexamine the…

  2. 22 CFR 63.3 - Grants to foreign participants to observe, consult, demonstrate special skills, or engage in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES PAYMENTS TO AND ON BEHALF OF PARTICIPANTS IN... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Grants to foreign participants to observe... at seminars and workshops, professional meetings, or other events in keeping with the purpose of the...

  3. Changes in Resistance to the Social Integration of Foreigners in Germany 1980-2000 : Individual and Contextual Determinants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coenders, Marcel; Scheepers, Peer

    2008-01-01

    In this article we analyse the change in unfavourable attitudes towards foreigners among the (West) German public over a period of two decades. Applying pooled survey data from 1980 to 2000, we found an overall trend towards less resistance to the social integration of foreigners, only interrupted b

  4. 77 FR 46377 - Foreign-Trade Zone 37-Orange County, NY, Notification of Proposed Production Activity, Takasago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-03

    ..., mixtures of odiferous substances and essential oils (duty rate ranges from duty free to 7%). Public comment... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 37--Orange County, NY, Notification of Proposed Production... (Takasago) submitted a notification of proposed production activity for their facility located in...

  5. Public Education, Public Good.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlinson, John

    1986-01-01

    Criticizes policies which would damage or destroy a public education system. Examines the relationship between government-provided education and democracy. Concludes that privatization of public education would emphasize self-interest and selfishness, further jeopardizing the altruism and civic mindedness necessary for the public good. (JDH)

  6. Framing health and foreign policy: lessons for global health diplomacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Labonté Ronald

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Global health financing has increased dramatically in recent years, indicative of a rise in health as a foreign policy issue. Several governments have issued specific foreign policy statements on global health and a new term, global health diplomacy, has been coined to describe the processes by which state and non-state actors engage to position health issues more prominently in foreign policy decision-making. Their ability to do so is important to advancing international cooperation in health. In this paper we review the arguments for health in foreign policy that inform global health diplomacy. These are organized into six policy frames: security, development, global public goods, trade, human rights and ethical/moral reasoning. Each of these frames has implications for how global health as a foreign policy issue is conceptualized. Differing arguments within and between these policy frames, while overlapping, can also be contradictory. This raises an important question about which arguments prevail in actual state decision-making. This question is addressed through an analysis of policy or policy-related documents and academic literature pertinent to each policy framing with some assessment of policy practice. The reference point for this analysis is the explicit goal of improving global health equity. This goal has increasing national traction within national public health discourse and decision-making and, through the Millennium Development Goals and other multilateral reports and declarations, is entering global health policy discussion. Initial findings support conventional international relations theory that most states, even when committed to health as a foreign policy goal, still make decisions primarily on the basis of the 'high politics' of national security and economic material interests. Development, human rights and ethical/moral arguments for global health assistance, the traditional 'low politics' of foreign policy, are

  7. Framing health and foreign policy: lessons for global health diplomacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labonté, Ronald; Gagnon, Michelle L

    2010-08-22

    Global health financing has increased dramatically in recent years, indicative of a rise in health as a foreign policy issue. Several governments have issued specific foreign policy statements on global health and a new term, global health diplomacy, has been coined to describe the processes by which state and non-state actors engage to position health issues more prominently in foreign policy decision-making. Their ability to do so is important to advancing international cooperation in health. In this paper we review the arguments for health in foreign policy that inform global health diplomacy. These are organized into six policy frames: security, development, global public goods, trade, human rights and ethical/moral reasoning. Each of these frames has implications for how global health as a foreign policy issue is conceptualized. Differing arguments within and between these policy frames, while overlapping, can also be contradictory. This raises an important question about which arguments prevail in actual state decision-making. This question is addressed through an analysis of policy or policy-related documents and academic literature pertinent to each policy framing with some assessment of policy practice. The reference point for this analysis is the explicit goal of improving global health equity. This goal has increasing national traction within national public health discourse and decision-making and, through the Millennium Development Goals and other multilateral reports and declarations, is entering global health policy discussion. Initial findings support conventional international relations theory that most states, even when committed to health as a foreign policy goal, still make decisions primarily on the basis of the 'high politics' of national security and economic material interests. Development, human rights and ethical/moral arguments for global health assistance, the traditional 'low politics' of foreign policy, are present in discourse but do

  8. Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammeltoft, Peter; Tarmidi, Lepi T.

    China‟s increasing integration with the world economy is met with much anticipation and much anxiety in the Southeast Asian region. In Indonesia, there is intense interest in Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI), not only among academics but also among policy makers, industrialists...... and the general public. So much more surprising is the fact that no systematic study of Chinese FDI in Indonesia has been undertaken to date. The current paper contributes to filling this gap and analyses the current composition as well as the historical evolution of Chinese FDI in Indonesia. Relying on a survey...... conducted in 2008 among Chinese invested enterprises supplemented with available official statistics and secondary data, the study finds that Chinese FDI in Indonesia is performed by mixed entities: some are owned by central government, some by regional government and some are private firms. In the case...

  9. Historical approach to teaching foreign language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel MARTÍN SÁNCHEZ

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The publication of this work is to make a historical-pedagogical approach to teaching foreign languages, part of the Humanism and concluding with the current theories and methods. Since the 18th century with the emergence of traditional method, also known as the method of grammar and translation, to the methodological principles of communicative approaches, it have been going a number of methods with the intent to resolve and improve teaching techniques for teaching and learning a second language. However, it is worth to note that this is a scientific developments, as most of the methods take as a starting point for his reflections ideas, suggestions, beliefs, techniques and procedures of former methods that preceded them, therefore we cannot speak of revolutionary methods, but rather evolutionary.

  10. Estimating Foreign Exchange Reserve Adequacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Hakim

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Accumulating foreign exchange reserves, despite their cost and their impacts on other macroeconomics variables, provides some benefits. This paper models such foreign exchange reserves. To measure the adequacy of foreign exchange reserves for import, it uses total reserves-to-import ratio (TRM. The chosen independent variables are gross domestic product growth, exchange rates, opportunity cost, and a dummy variable separating the pre and post 1997 Asian financial crisis. To estimate the risky TRM value, this paper uses conditional Value-at-Risk (VaR, with the help of Glosten-Jagannathan-Runkle (GJR model to estimate the conditional volatility. The results suggest that all independent variables significantly influence TRM. They also suggest that the short and long run volatilities are evident, with the additional evidence of asymmetric effects of negative and positive past shocks. The VaR, which are calculated assuming both normal and t distributions, provide similar results, namely violations in 2005 and 2008.

  11. Directory of financing sources for foreign energy projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    La Ferla, L. [La Ferla Associates, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-09-01

    The Office of National Security Policy has produced this Directory of Financing Sources for Foreign Energy Projects. The Directory reviews programs that offer financing from US government agencies, multilateral organizations, public, private, and quasi-private investment funds, and local commercial and state development banks. The main US government agencies covered are the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the Export-Import Bank of the US (EXIM Bank), Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense, and the US Trade and Development Agency (TDA). Other US Government Sources includes market funds that have been in part capitalized using US government agency funds. Multilateral organizations include the World Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC), Asian Development Bank (ADB), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and various organizations of the United Nations. The Directory lists available public, private, and quasi-private sources of financing in key emerging markets in the Newly Independent States and other developing countries of strategic interest to the US Department of Energy. The sources of financing listed in this directory should be considered indicative rather than inclusive of all potential sources of financing. Initial focus is on the Russian Federation, Ukraine, india, China, and Pakistan. Separate self-contained sections have been developed for each of the countries to enable the user to readily access market-specific information and to support country-specific Departmental initiatives. For each country, the directory is organized to follow the project life cycle--from prefeasibility, feasibility, project finance, cofinancing, and trade finance, through to technical assistance and training. Programs on investment and export insurance are excluded.

  12. Including Indigenous Minorities in Decision-Making

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pristed Nielsen, Helene

    Based on theories of public sphere participation and deliberative democracy, this book presents empirical results from a study of experiences with including Aboriginal and Maori groups in political decision-making in respectively Western Australia and New Zealand......Based on theories of public sphere participation and deliberative democracy, this book presents empirical results from a study of experiences with including Aboriginal and Maori groups in political decision-making in respectively Western Australia and New Zealand...

  13. Unusual Foreign Body of Pancreas: Surgical Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thakur Deen Yadav

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Context The foreign ingestion is common occurrence but migration to pancreas is rare entity. Most of foreign bodies passspontaneously through the anus but about 1% can perforate the wall of stomach or duodenum to reach solid organ.Pancreatic foreign body can results in fatal complication. Pancreatic foreign body can be removed endoscopically orsurgically. Case report We are reporting a case of successful removal of pancreatic foreign body (sewing needle by surgery. Conclusion Pancreatic foreign body is a uncommon entity and surgical removal is warranted in majority of cases.

  14. Foreign Body Aspiration in Pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew L. Atkinson

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A 24-year-old morbidly obese African American gravida 1, with a history of severe asthma complicated by multiple inpatient admissions, presents at 30 weeks gestation with a foreign body in her left main stem bronchus. After a failed bronchoscopy postpartum, the patient slipped into respiratory failure and was subsequently intubated, spending two weeks in the intensive care unit. After two more attempts of trying to retrieve the foreign object from her lung via bronchoscopy, she eventually contracted a postobstructive pneumonia and underwent a left lower lung lobectomy for curative treatment.

  15. Employment effects of foreign acquisition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bandick, Roger; Karpaty, Patrik

    2011-01-01

    that the employment of skilled labor increasesmore than that of less-skilled labor. Our results indicate that the positive employment effects are more pronounced in acquired non-MNEs than in Swedish MNEs. Furthermore, we observe shifts in skill intensities toward higher shares of skilled labor in non-MNEs taken over......This paper investigates the employment effects of foreign acquisitions in acquired firms in Swedish manufacturing during the 1990s; a period characterized by a dramatic increase in foreign ownership. We find some evidence of positive employment effects in acquired firms and it seems...

  16. Creativity in foreign language teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Ševečková

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Developing creativity in foreign language teaching provides students with the opportunity to effectively build language skills as well as increasing their motivation for learning. Practical examples are given using folklore materials (songs, tales, etc. in learning Russian, as well as contemporary materials reflecting the culture of Russian speaking countries (films, poems, etc.. As well as increasing their ability in the target foreign language students also acquire factual information (realia through creative language games. In this paper we describe recent findings in the field and propose possible directions for future research.

  17. TEACHING WRITING IN ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Purna Wijaya

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at describing about teaching writing in English as a foreign Language. The reasons for teaching writing to students of English as a Foreign language include reinforcement, language development, learning style and the most importantly, writing as skill in its own right. Like many other aspects of English language teaching, the type of writing that students should do, will depend on their age, interest and level. These include writing post cards, letters of various kinds, filling in forms such as job applications, writing narrative compositions, report, newspaper and magazine article. The result showed that the students’ success of writing such matters absolutely depend on their motivations.

  18. 15 CFR 270.206 - Public briefings and requests for information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... (b) Requests for information on the plans and conduct of an investigation should be submitted to the... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public briefings and requests for information. 270.206 Section 270.206 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign...

  19. 15 CFR 2006.9 - Presentation of oral testimony at public hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Presentation of oral testimony at public hearings. 2006.9 Section 2006.9 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade... SECTION 301 OF THE TRADE ACT OF 1974, AS AMENDED § 2006.9 Presentation of oral testimony at...

  20. 22 CFR 171.3 - Public reading room.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Public reading room. 171.3 Section 171.3... PUBLIC General Policy and Procedures § 171.3 Public reading room. A reading room providing public access..., NW., Washington, DC. The reading room contains material pertaining to access to information under...

  1. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Commonly swallowed objects include coins, buttons, pins, nails, glass pieces, toothpicks, batteries, small toys or pieces of ... a splinter, rock or piece of metal or glass that gets embedded in the tissue under the ...

  2. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... The x-ray tube is connected to a flexible arm that is extended over the patient while ... includes an endoscope, which is a long, thin, flexible or rigid tube with a light and a ...

  3. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Commonly swallowed objects include coins, buttons, pins, nails, glass pieces, toothpicks, batteries, small toys or pieces of ... a splinter, rock or piece of metal or glass that gets embedded in the tissue under the ...

  4. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... may locate soft-tissue objects by probing the wound. Additional tests may include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ... require stitches or other treatments to close the wound, and your caregiver may give you antibiotics if ...

  5. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... that have been introduced from the outside. They can be inhaled into the airway or swallowed and ... of toys and fish bones. Swallowing of magnets can cause significant problems including bowel blockages that may ...

  6. The Behavioral Bias of Foreign Debt Usage in Foreign Exchange Risk Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabo, Tom

    Euro (forward contract) or borrows in US dollars (foreign debt) instead of borrowing in Euro makes no difference in foreign exchange exposure terms. Accordingly, Géczy et al. (1997) note that foreign debt can act as a hedge of foreign revenues and displace the need to hedge with derivatives. We analyze......We investigate the behavioral bias in the use of debt denominated in foreign currency (foreign debt) in managing foreign exchange risks. From a strictly financial (rational) point of view foreign debt and derivates are close substitutes. Whether e.g. a European firm sells forward US dollars against...... foreign exchange risk management in medium-sized, non-financial firms in Denmark and find a behavioral bias in the use of foreign debt. Among the firms that are internationally involved (operating revenues, costs and/or assets in foreign currency), on average a quarter of the financial debt is denominated...

  7. The Impact of Employment of Foreign Workers: Local Employability and Trade Union Roles in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramesh Kumar Moona Haji Mohamed

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The issue of foreign workers has received increase media and national attention. However, to date there has been limited research on the nature and consequences of employment of foreign workers in Malaysia. Introduction of significant changes in recruitment phenomenon has ended in painful and traumatic atmosphere which barely acceptable by local workforce in Malaysia. This conceptual paper can be derived from the field of industrial relations which play a significant role in employment of foreign workers. The article reports on the preliminary findings on employment status of local workforce and trade union rights affected by employment of foreign workers. In addition, the research makes a number of recommendations, including the need for further development on reducing the employment of foreign workers and more refined targeting of vulnerable foreign workers linked with labor legislations.

  8. Anxiety about foreign language among students in French, Spanish, and German classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, P; Onwuegbuzie, A J; Daley, C E

    1998-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether anxiety reported by students while studying foreign language courses in college was similar for 253 college students from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, who were enrolled in either Spanish, French, or German classes. Analysis indicated no difference in anxiety about foreign languages among students in the three classes. In addition, a moderate negative relationship was found between anxiety about learning a foreign language and achievement for all three classes. Recommendations for research are made, including investigating anxiety about other foreign languages.

  9. Fragmatome lifting: surgical option for intraocular lens and foreign body removal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorge, Rodrigo; Siqueira, Rubens C; Cardillo, José A; Costa, Rogério A

    2005-01-01

    A new technique for intraocular lens (IOL) and foreign body removal using the fragmatome is described. Removal of the formed vitreous, including cortical vitreous, was performed using a conventional vitrectomy probe. The fragmatome tip was placed on the center of the anterior surface of both the IOL optics and the foreign bodies, and active 250 mm Hg vacuum suction was applied. IOLs and foreign bodies were easily held and manipulated after being aspirated into the fragmatome tip, avoiding the use of a forceps or other grasping instrument that may damage the retina. Fragmatome lifting is a reasonable treatment option for IOL and nonmagnetic foreign body removal.

  10. Domestication and Foreignization of the Translation in Harry Potter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张安琦

    2016-01-01

    In this essay, I am going to do some research about the effect of the Domestication and Foreignization of the magic words' translation in Harry Potter. Harry Potter is my favorite book both in childhood and now. It is a series of fantasy novel written by British writer J. K. Rowling. It tells about the life of Harry Potter with his friend Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger. Domestication and foreignization are two ways in translation, regarding the degree to which translators make a text conform to the target culture. It is the translation made me feel the charm of the book. This book was my favorite book in childhood, and I really appreciate the translator's skills to translate this book. The essay includes spells, magic animals, magic items and names four parts. Each part is divided into Domestication and Foreignization two aspects. The research method of this essay includes comparative analysis, exemplification, induction and literature summarization.

  11. Enlightenment From Motivation In Foreign Language Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张楠

    2015-01-01

    This paper selects one of classifications of motivation in foreign language learning,that is,instrumental and integrative motivation.By analyzing such a distinction,it hopes to direct foreign language teaching in China.

  12. Language pedagogy: foreign language teachers’ professional skills

    OpenAIRE

    Коряковцева, Н.

    2013-01-01

    This article looks into foreign language teacher education in plurilingual and pluricultural context; defines the notion and focuses on the characteristics of skills in language pedagogy as part of foreign language teacher professional competence.

  13. LANGUAGE PEDAGOGY: FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL SKILLS

    OpenAIRE

    Коряковцева, Н.

    2013-01-01

    This article looks into foreign language teacher education in plurilingual and pluricultural context; defines the notion and focuses on the characteristics of skills in language pedagogy as part of foreign language teacher professional competence.

  14. MOFCOM Released Report on China Foreign Trade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ On May 17, 2007, the Report on China Foreign Trade was released by MOFCOM, which reviewed China's foreign trade development and characteristic in 2006 and in the first quarter in 2007, and preview its future development in 2007.

  15. Opening the door for foreign banks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGPEI

    2004-01-01

    Will central government's tightening policy bring further opportunities to foreign banks?And with less capital available for lending,how much ground will domestic banks lose to their foreign-invested competitors?

  16. Foreign Banks Set Sights on Housing Loans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Having cleared all the hurdles to enter the market, locally incorporated foreign banks declare their intentions to dive into the personal housing loan business in China A battle is brewing between domestic and locally incorporated foreign banks over the

  17. Foreign Purchases and Investment in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Foreign capital first entered China's real estate market in the late 1980s. Right now, under the expectations of a rise in the value of RMB,this sector has seen increasing interest from foreign purchasers and investors.

  18. Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — The Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System (FSRDS) is the Foreign Service equivalent to the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) as described in 5 U.S.C....

  19. The Evolution of China's Foreign Trade Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Wenhao

    2008-01-01

    @@ 1.Introduction Since China started the reform of foreign trade system in 1978,the foreign trade laws and regulations have developed from scratch or from a limited amount,gradually with the step of reform.

  20. Return Migration of Foreign Students

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijwaard, G.E.; Wang, Q.

    2016-01-01

    Using administrative panel data, this paper presents a comprehensive empirical analysis of the return of recent foreign students in the Netherlands. We focus on how individual labour market changes and marriage formation influence their decision to leave. Our model allows for correlated unobserved h