WorldWideScience

Sample records for public germplasm collections

  1. Public Germplasm Collections and Revolutions in Biotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Public germplasm collections provided the biological material critical for launching the three most important revolutions in modern biotechnology: (i) An isolate of Penicillium chrysogenum, NRRL 1951, the basis for industrial production of penicillan, originated from the ARS Culture Collection in Pe...

  2. Conservation of Allium germplasm collection by cryopreservation

    OpenAIRE

    Zámečník, Jiří; Grospietsch, Martin; Kotková, Renata; Faltus, Miloš

    2012-01-01

    Allium is important crop in the Czech Republic. Allium sativum L. germplasm is maintained in the field collection and this fact increases risk of accidental lost of genotype. Conservation of Allium sativum L. germplasm by means cryopreservation decreases risks of genotype lost. Allium sativum L. samples are stored at ultralow temperature that stopped all biochemical processes and the samples are stored without any changes for many years. This methodology describes procedure of material prepar...

  3. Potato germplasm collecting expedition to Mexico in 1997 : taxonomy and new germplasm resources

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spooner, D.M.; Rivera-Pena, A.; Berg, van den R.G.; Schueler, K.

    2000-01-01

    Wild potato (Solanum sect. Petota) germplasm has been collected in Mexico on nine major expeditions, as determined by 20 collections or more from each expedition currently at the United States potato genebank, the National Research Support Program-6 (NRSP-6). These have resulted in 609 accessions

  4. Molecular characterization of apricot germplasm from an old stone collection.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Martín

    Full Text Available Increasing germplasm erosion requires the recovery and conservation of traditional cultivars before they disappear. Here we present a particular case in Spain where a thorough prospection of local fruit tree species was performed in the 1950s with detailed data of the origin of each genotype but, unfortunately, the accessions are no longer conserved in ex situ germplasm collections. However, for most of those cultivars, an old stone collection is still preserved. In order to analyze the diversity present at the time when the prospection was made and to which extent variability has been eroded, we developed a protocol in apricot (Prunus armeniaca L. to obtain DNA from maternal tissues of the stones of a sufficient quality to be amplified by PCR. The results obtained have been compared with the results from the profiles developed from apricot cultivars currently conserved in ex situ germplasm collections. The results highlight the fact that most of the old accessions are not conserved ex situ but provide a tool to prioritize the recovery of particular cultivars. The approach used in this work can also be applied to other plant species where seeds have been preserved.

  5. Genomic characterization of a core set of the USDA-NPGS Ethiopian sorghum germplasm collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    The USDA Agriculture Research Service National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS) preserves the largest sorghum germplasm collection in the world, which includes 7,217 accessions from the center of diversity in Ethiopia. The characterization of this exotic germplasm at a genome-wide scale will improve co...

  6. Spacial analysis of avocado sunblotch disease in an avocado germplasm collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    The first visual symptoms of Avocado Sunblotch Viroid (ASBVd) were observed in a few plants of avocado (Persea americana Mill.) in the germplasm collection at the National Germplasm Repository at Miami in the early 1980s. However, the extent of the infection was unknown because infected trees can re...

  7. Collection,Evaluation,and Utilization of Cotton Germplasm in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU Xiong-ming; ZHOU Zhong-li; SUN Jun-Ling; PAN Zhao-e; JIA Yin-hua

    2008-01-01

    @@ A total of 8193 accessions,including 6822 Gossypium hirsutum,350 G.hirsutum race (sub-spe-cies),385 of G.barbadense,378 of G.arboreum,17 of G.herbaceum and 41 wild species,of cotton germplasm are now maintained in China.This germplasm is kept in Beijing National Long-term Genebank and Anyang Cotton Medium-term Genebank.Live plants of the wild species are kept in Cotton garden at Hainan Island.

  8. Mini core germplasm collections for infusing genetic diversity in plant breeding programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hari D Upadhyaya*, Devvart Yadav, Naresh Dronavalli, CLL Gowda, and Sube Singh

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Plant genetic resources are essential components to meet future food security needs of world. Crop germplasm diversitycontributes to developing improved crop cultivars aimed at increasing crop productivity. The large size of germplasmcollections, coupled with unavailability of detailed data and information, has resulted in low use (<1% of germplasmleading to a narrow genetic base in many crops. The miniaturization of crop collections with almost full representation ofgenetic diversity in the form of mini core (~1% of the entire collection approach is an effective methodology to enrichand enhance crop improvement programs. The concept and process of developing mini core at The International CropsResearch Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT has been recognized worldwide as an “International PublicGood” (IPG. The mini core provides a means for accessing the larger collections for further exploration and also helps inproper assessment of genetic diversity and population structure and for association mapping and targeted gene mining.Use of mini core approach will lead to greater utilization of diverse germplasm for developing broad-based cultivars,especially in the context of climate change. Many national programs have shown immense interest in evaluating minicore as reflected by the supply of 114 sets of mini core of chickpea, groundnut, pigeonpea, sorghum, pearl millet, foxtailmillet and finger millet to researchers in 14 countries. Scientists have been able to identify new and diverse sources ofvariation for morpho-agronomic, quality, biotic, and abiotic stress resistance traits in various crops. The molecularcharacterization of the mini core will further enhance its use in plant breeding programs.

  9. Mating system and pollen dispersal in Eugenia dysenterica (Myrtaceae) germplasm collection: tools for conservation and domestication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Eduardo B; Collevatti, Rosane G; Chaves, Lázaro J; Moreira, Lucas R; Telles, Mariana P C

    2016-04-01

    Eugenia dysenterica DC. (Myrtaceae) is a perennial tree producing edible fruits and ornamental flowers of potential value widely distributed in Brazilian "Cerrados" (savannas), but available genetic resources and potential for future breeding programs must be evaluated. Here we evaluated the reproductive system and pollen-mediated gene flow in one generation of Eugenia dysenterica germplasm collection of Agronomy School, Federal University of Goiás (in Goiânia city, Central Brazil). We collected leaves from all adults from the germplasm collection (682 plants) and seeds (542) from 23 mother-trees. Genotypes were obtained for seven microsatellite loci. Genetic diversity was high and did not significantly differ between adults (H e = 0.777) and progeny arrays (H e = 0.617). Our results showed that E. dysenterica has an allogamous mating system in the germplasm collection (t m = 0.957), but with high and significant biparental inbreeding (t m - t s = 0.109). Because sibs are very close to each other, mating between closely related individuals is likely. Paternity correlation was also relatively high, indicating a 11.9 % probability that a randomly chosen pair of outcrossed progeny from the same array are full sibs. The maximum pollen dispersal distance (224 m), estimated using assignment test, corresponded to the boundaries of the orchard. We were able to assign the paternity to only 64 % of the 349 seeds analyzed, indicating potential pollen immigration to the germplasm collection. The variance effective population size estimated for one maternal family in the germplasm collection (N ev = 3.42) is very close to the theoretical maximum value for half-sibs (Nev = 4.0). Because E. dysenterica has a long life cycle and generation time, the maintenance of an effective population size of at least 100 in the germplasm collection is suggested, which can be achieved by maintaining a seed-trees number around 30 individuals.

  10. Rebuilding Hawaii’s Anthurium germplasm collection for cultivar and species preservation, breeding, and biotechnological research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthurium is the third most important floriculture crop in Hawaii, grown mainly as a cut flower. The University of Hawaii (UH) has a well-established anthurium breeding program since 1950, with a germplasm collection assembled from backyard growers, hobbyists, researchers and collection trips from c...

  11. Screening a diverse soybean germplasm collection for reaction to purple seed stain caused by Cercospora kikuchii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purple seed stain (PSS), caused by Cercospora kikuchii, is a prevalent soybean disease that causes latent seed infection, seed decay, purple seed discoloration, and overall quality deterioration. The objective of this research was to screen soybean accessions from the USDA germplasm collection for r...

  12. Variability of seed oil content and fatty acid composition in the entire USDA sesame germplasm collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sesame (Sesame indicum L.) is one of the oldest oilseed crops with a long history of cultivation for its edible seeds and oil. The U.S. sesame germplasm collection (containing about 1,232 accessions) is a useful genetic resource for improving seed quality and enhancing grain yield. Variability of se...

  13. Discovering the desirable alleles contributing to the lignocellulosic biomass traits in Saccharum germplasm collections for energy cane improvement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Jianping [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States); Sandhu, Hardev [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

    2017-03-23

    1) The success in crop improvement programs depends largely on the extent of genetic variability available. Germplasm collections assembles all the available genetic resources and are critical for long-term crop improvement. This world sugarcane germplasm collection contains enormous genetic variability for various morphological traits, biomass yield components, adaptation and many quality traits, prospectively imbeds a large number of valuable alleles for biofuel traits such as high biomass yield, quantity and quality of lignocelluloses, stress tolerance, and nutrient use efficiency. The germplasm collection is of little value unless it is characterized and utilized for crop improvement. In this project, we phenotypically and genotypically characterized the sugarcane world germplasm collection (The results were published in two papers already and another two papers are to be published). This data will be made available for public to refer to for germplasm unitization specifically in the sugarcane and energy cane breeding programs. In addition, we are identifying the alleles contributing to the biomass traits in sugarcane germplasm. This part of project is very challenging due to the large genome and highly polyploid level of this crop. We firstly established a high throughput sugarcane genotyping pipeline in the genome and bioinformatics era (a paper is published in 2016). We identified and modified a software for genome-wide association analysis of polyploid species. The results of the alleles associated to the biomass traits will be published soon, which will help the scientific community understand the genetic makeup of the biomass components of sugarcane. Molecular breeders can develop markers for marker assisted selection of biomass traits improvement. Further, the development and release of new energy cane cultivars through this project not only improved genetic diversity but also improved dry biomass yields and resistance to diseases. These new cultivars

  14. Genetic diversity of pomegranate germplasm collection from Spain determined by fruit, seed, leaf and flower characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan J. Martinez-Nicolas

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background. Miguel Hernandez University (Spain created a germplasm bank of the varieties of pomegranate from different Southeastern Spain localities in order to preserve the crop’s wide genetic diversity. Once this collection was established, the next step was to characterize the phenotype of these varieties to determine the phenotypic variability that existed among all the different pomegranate genotypes, and to understand the degree of polymorphism of the morphometric characteristics among varieties. Methods. Fifty-three pomegranate (Punica granatum L. accessions were studied in order to determine their degree of polymorphism and to detect similarities in their genotypes. Thirty-one morphometric characteristics were measured in fruits, arils, seeds, leaves and flowers, as well as juice characteristics including content, pH, titratable acidity, total soluble solids and maturity index. ANOVA, principal component analysis, and cluster analysis showed that there was a considerable phenotypic diversity (and presumably genetic. Results. The cluster analysis produced a dendrogram with four main clusters. The dissimilarity level ranged from 1 to 25, indicating that there were varieties that were either very similar or very different from each other, with varieties from the same geographical areas being more closely related. Within each varietal group, different degrees of similarity were found, although there were no accessions that were identical. These results highlight the crop’s great genetic diversity, which can be explained not only by their different geographical origins, but also to the fact that these are native plants that have not come from genetic improvement programs. The geographic origin could be, in the cases where no exchanges of plant material took place, a key criterion for cultivar clustering. Conclusions. As a result of the present study, we can conclude that among all the parameters analyzed, those related to fruit and seed

  15. Genetic diversity and population structure analysis to construct a core collection from a large Capsicum germplasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hea-Young; Ro, Na-Young; Jeong, Hee-Jin; Kwon, Jin-Kyung; Jo, Jinkwan; Ha, Yeaseong; Jung, Ayoung; Han, Ji-Woong; Venkatesh, Jelli; Kang, Byoung-Cheorl

    2016-11-14

    Conservation of genetic diversity is an essential prerequisite for developing new cultivars with desirable agronomic traits. Although a large number of germplasm collections have been established worldwide, many of them face major difficulties due to large size and a lack of adequate information about population structure and genetic diversity. Core collection with a minimum number of accessions and maximum genetic diversity of pepper species and its wild relatives will facilitate easy access to genetic material as well as the use of hidden genetic diversity in Capsicum. To explore genetic diversity and population structure, we investigated patterns of molecular diversity using a transcriptome-based 48 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a large germplasm collection comprising 3,821 accessions. Among the 11 species examined, Capsicum annuum showed the highest genetic diversity (HE = 0.44, I = 0.69), whereas the wild species C. galapagoense showed the lowest genetic diversity (HE = 0.06, I = 0.07). The Capsicum germplasm collection was divided into 10 clusters (cluster 1 to 10) based on population structure analysis, and five groups (group A to E) based on phylogenetic analysis. Capsicum accessions from the five distinct groups in an unrooted phylogenetic tree showed taxonomic distinctness and reflected their geographic origins. Most of the accessions from European countries are distributed in the A and B groups, whereas the accessions from Asian countries are mainly distributed in C and D groups. Five different sampling strategies with diverse genetic clustering methods were used to select the optimal method for constructing the core collection. Using a number of allelic variations based on 48 SNP markers and 32 different phenotypic/morphological traits, a core collection 'CC240' with a total of 240 accessions (5.2 %) was selected from within the entire Capsicum germplasm. Compared to the other core collections, CC240 displayed higher genetic

  16. Genetic Architecture of Resistance to Stripe Rust in a Global Winter Wheat Germplasm Collection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Bulli

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Virulence shifts in populations of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst, the causal pathogen of wheat stripe rust, are a major challenge to resistance breeding. The majority of known resistance genes are already ineffective against current races of Pst, necessitating the identification and introgression of new sources of resistance. Germplasm core collections that reflect the range of genetic and phenotypic diversity of crop species are ideal platforms for examining the genetic architecture of complex traits such as resistance to stripe rust. We report the results of genetic characterization and genome-wide association analysis (GWAS for resistance to stripe rust in a core subset of 1175 accessions in the National Small Grains Collection (NSGC winter wheat germplasm collection, based on genotyping with the wheat 9K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP iSelect assay and phenotyping of seedling and adult plants under natural disease epidemics in four environments. High correlations among the field data translated into high heritability values within and across locations. Population structure was evident when accessions were grouped by stripe rust reaction. GWAS identified 127 resistance loci that were effective across at least two environments, including 20 with significant genome-wide adjusted P-values. Based on relative map positions of previously reported genes and QTL, five of the QTL with significant genome-wide adjusted P-values in this study represent potentially new loci. This study provides an overview of the diversity of Pst resistance in the NSGC winter wheat germplasm core collection, which can be exploited for diversification of stripe rust resistance in breeding programs.

  17. Ploidy level and genomic composition of the USDA-ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station Musa sp. Germplasm Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plant germplasm collections serve as repositories for important genes. However, insufficient and inaccurate characterization of the genetic diversity in a collection slows and can prevent full utilization of these collections to maximum potential. Bananas and plantains (Musa sp., Colla) are some o...

  18. Genetic diversity and population structure assessed by SSR and SNP markers in a large germplasm collection of grape

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background The economic importance of grapevine has driven significant efforts in genomics to accelerate the exploitation of Vitis resources for development of new cultivars. However, although a large number of clonally propagated accessions are maintained in grape germplasm collections worldwide, their use for crop improvement is limited by the scarcity of information on genetic diversity, population structure and proper phenotypic assessment. The identification of representative and manageable subset of accessions would facilitate access to the diversity available in large collections. A genome-wide germplasm characterization using molecular markers can offer reliable tools for adjusting the quality and representativeness of such core samples. Results We investigated patterns of molecular diversity at 22 common microsatellite loci and 384 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 2273 accessions of domesticated grapevine V. vinifera ssp. sativa, its wild relative V. vinifera ssp. sylvestris, interspecific hybrid cultivars and rootstocks. Despite the large number of putative duplicates and extensive clonal relationships among the accessions, we observed high level of genetic variation. In the total germplasm collection the average genetic diversity, as quantified by the expected heterozygosity, was higher for SSR loci (0.81) than for SNPs (0.34). The analysis of the genetic structure in the grape germplasm collection revealed several levels of stratification. The primary division was between accessions of V. vinifera and non-vinifera, followed by the distinction between wild and domesticated grapevine. Intra-specific subgroups were detected within cultivated grapevine representing different eco-geographic groups. The comparison of a phenological core collection and genetic core collections showed that the latter retained more genetic diversity, while maintaining a similar phenotypic variability. Conclusions The comprehensive molecular characterization of our grape

  19. Semi-High Throughput Screening for Potential Drought-tolerance in Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) Germplasm Collections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knepper, Caleb; Mou, Beiquan

    2015-04-17

    This protocol describes a method by which a large collection of the leafy green vegetable lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) germplasm was screened for likely drought-tolerance traits. Fresh water availability for agricultural use is a growing concern across the United States as well as many regions of the world. Short-term drought events along with regulatory intervention in the regulation of water availability coupled with the looming threat of long-term climate shifts that may lead to reduced precipitation in many important agricultural regions has increased the need to hasten the development of crops adapted for improved water use efficiency in order to maintain or expand production in the coming years. This protocol is not meant as a step-by-step guide to identifying at either the physiological or molecular level drought-tolerance traits in lettuce, but rather is a method developed and refined through the screening of thousands of different lettuce varieties. The nature of this screen is based in part on the streamlined measurements focusing on only three water-stress indicators: leaf relative water content, wilt, and differential plant growth following drought-stress. The purpose of rapidly screening a large germplasm collection is to narrow the candidate pool to a point in which more intensive physiological, molecular, and genetic methods can be applied to identify specific drought-tolerant traits in either the lab or field. Candidates can also be directly incorporated into breeding programs as a source of drought-tolerance traits.

  20. Cryobanking of Korean allium germplasm collections: results from a 10 year experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, H H; Popova, E; Shin, D J; Yi, J Y; Kim, C H; Lee, J S; Yoon, M K; Engelmann, F

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews a 10-year experience in establishing a cryopreserved Allium germplasm collection at the genebank of the National Agrobiodiversity Center, Republic of Korea. A systematic approach to Allium cryopreservation included: 1. revealing the most critical factors that affected regeneration after cryostorage; 2. understanding the mechanisms of cryoprotection by analyzing the thermal behavior of explants and cryoprotectant solutions using DSC and influx/efflux of cryoprotectants using HPLC; 3. assessing genetic stability of regenerants; and 4. revealing the efficiency of cryotherapy. Bulbil primordia, i.e. asexual bulbs formed on unripe inflorescences, proved to be the most suitable material for conservation of bolting varieties due to high post-cryopreservation regrowth and lower microbial infection level, followed by apical shoot apices from single bulbs and cloves. A total of 1,158 accessions of garlic as well as some Allium species have been cryopreserved during 2005-2010 using the droplet-vitrification technique with a mean regeneration percentage of 65.9 percent after cryostorage. These results open the door for large-scale implementation of cryostorage and for simplifying international exchange for clonal Allium germplasm.

  1. Protein and quality analyses of accessions from the USDA soybean germplasm collection for tofu production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Shi; Chang, Sam; Gillen, Anne M; Zhang, Yan

    2016-12-15

    Food-grade soybeans with large seed size, uniformity, clear hilum and a high 11S/7S ratio are favoured by the food industry for making tofu. In order to search for soybean lines with desirable characteristics for making foods, 22 soybean lines were selected from the USDA-Soybean Germplasm Collection, were grown in Stoneville, MS for biochemical analysis and tofu texture and sensory quality tests. Eight lines were identified, from 22 lines harvested in 2014, to be suitable for tofu making, as judged by chemical composition and sensory quality of pressed tofu. In the filled tofu making and texture analysis study, the correlation between A3 subunit content and filled tofu firmness was significant (N=22, r=0.77, Psoybean genotypes for improving food quality.

  2. Sample size for collecting germplasms – a polyploid model with mixed mating system

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R L Sapra; Prem Narain; S V S Chauhan; S K Lal; B B Singh

    2003-03-01

    The present paper discusses a general expression for determining the minimum sample size (plants) for a given number of seeds or vice versa for capturing multiple allelic diversity. The model considers sampling from a large 2 k-ploid population under a broad range of mating systems. Numerous expressions/results developed for germplasm collection/regeneration for diploid populations by earlier workers can be directly deduced from our general expression by assigning appropriate values of the corresponding parameters. A seed factor which influences the plant sample size has also been isolated to aid the collectors in selecting the appropriate combination of number of plants and seeds per plant. When genotypic multiplicity of seeds is taken into consideration, a sample size of even less than 172 plants can conserve diversity of 20 alleles from 50,000 polymorphic loci with a very large probability of conservation (0.9999) in most of the cases.

  3. Comparison of accessions from the UK and US national pear germplasm collections with a standardized set of microsatellite markers

    Science.gov (United States)

    A standardized set of 12 microsatellite markers, previously agreed upon following an ECP/GR workshop in 2006, was used to screen accessions from the UK National Pear Collection at Brogdale and from the US National Pear Germplasm Repository (NCGR), Corvallis. Eight standard varieties were chosen from...

  4. Total leaf crude protein, amino acid composition and elemental content in the USDA-ARS bamboo germplasm collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bamboo shoots and leaves are valuable food sources for both humans and livestock. The USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS) collections hold 93 bamboo species in 20 genera. Total leaf protein, amino acid composition and elemental content for these important genetic resources had never bee...

  5. Microsatellite Fingerprinting of the USDA-ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) Germplasm Collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) is an important cash crop in many tropical countries. Cacao accessions must be propagated vegetatively to conserve genetic integrity due to its allogamous nature and its seed recalcitrance. Therefore, cacao germplasm is usually maintained as living trees in field collect...

  6. Duplication in the Domestica Apple Collection within the USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System in Geneva, New York

    Science.gov (United States)

    The USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System maintains more than 1300 named accessions of Malus x domestica in a field collection in Geneva, NY. Seven microsatellite markers (GD12, GD15, GD96, GD103, GD142, GD147, GD162) were used to identify duplicates within a set of 1240 domestica accessions with...

  7. Genetic diversity, Population structure, parentage analysis, and construction of core collections in the French apple germplasm based on SSR markers

    OpenAIRE

    Lassois, Ludivine; Denancé, Caroline; Ravon, Elisa; Guyader, Arnaud; Guisnel, Rémi; Hibrand-Saint-Oyan, Laurence; Poncet, Charles; Lasserre - Zuber, Pauline; Feugey, Laurence; Durel, Charles-Eric

    2016-01-01

    In-depth characterization of apple genetic resources is a prerequisite for genetic improvement and for germplasm management. In this study, we fingerprinted a very large French collection of 2163 accessions with 24 SSR markers in order to evaluate its genetic diversity, population structure and genetic relationships, to link these features with cultivar selection date or usage (old or modern, dessert or cider cultivars), and to construct core collections. Most markers were highly discriminati...

  8. Determination of genetic structure of germplasm collections: are traditional hierarchical clustering methods appropriate for molecular marker data?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odong, T L; van Heerwaarden, J; Jansen, J; van Hintum, T J L; van Eeuwijk, F A

    2011-07-01

    Despite the availability of newer approaches, traditional hierarchical clustering remains very popular in genetic diversity studies in plants. However, little is known about its suitability for molecular marker data. We studied the performance of traditional hierarchical clustering techniques using real and simulated molecular marker data. Our study also compared the performance of traditional hierarchical clustering with model-based clustering (STRUCTURE). We showed that the cophenetic correlation coefficient is directly related to subgroup differentiation and can thus be used as an indicator of the presence of genetically distinct subgroups in germplasm collections. Whereas UPGMA performed well in preserving distances between accessions, Ward excelled in recovering groups. Our results also showed a close similarity between clusters obtained by Ward and by STRUCTURE. Traditional cluster analysis can provide an easy and effective way of determining structure in germplasm collections using molecular marker data, and, the output can be used for sampling core collections or for association studies.

  9. Genetic diversity of "Pimenta Longa" genotypes (Piper spp., Piperaceae of the Embrapa Acre germplasm collection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcia Helena de Oliveira Wadt

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The commonly known Pimenta longa is a commercially valuable natural resource found wild in Acre, Brazil. Specifically, three Piperaceae species with contested taxonomic status were studied, Piper hispidinervum, Piper aduncum, and Piper hispidum, to assesses the inter- and intra-specific genetic relationship of 49 Piper genotypes kept in the Pimenta longa germplasm collection at Embrapa Acre, using sixty six Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD markers. The DNA polymorphism level detected was high (96.97%, but the marker frequencies for each species showed polymorphism levels of 79.4% for Piper hispidinervum and 5.3% for P. aduncum. The genetic similarity clustering analysis resulted in three distinct groups corresponding to Piper hispidinervum, Piper aduncum, and Piper hispidum. Four and nine characteristic RAPD markers were identified for P. hispidinervum and P. aduncum, respectively, supporting the existence of two separate species. However, six genotypes collected in Tarauacá county formed a distinct subgroup within the P. hispidinervum group and may be considered as an ecotype of this species or an intermediate between the P. hispidinervum and P. aduncum groups. More extensive sampling of both P. hispidinervum and P. aduncum populations throughout the region are needed to further establish their relation and its implication for breeding efforts.

  10. Genetic variability analysis of Byrsonima crassifolia germplasm collected in Pará State using ISSR markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, S M; Moura, E F; Ramos, G K S; Oliveira, M S P

    2016-10-17

    Native of the Amazon, the nanche (Byrsonima crassifolia) is a fruit cultivated by family farmers and used in cooking; as such, it represents an opportunity for regional agribusiness. The Embrapa Eastern Amazon set up an active germplasm bank (BAG) consisting of 22 accessions sampled in 11 municipalities of Pará State. Due to its economic potential, there is an interest to advance the genetic breeding program of this species. The aim of this study was to characterize the BAG nanche collection using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Accessions were genotyped using 23 pre-selected ISSR primers resulting in 109 amplified polymorphic and 51 monomorphic bands. With eight polymorphic bands each, the most polymorphic primers were UBC 809 and UBC 848. An unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic average cluster analysis based on Jaccard's coefficient indicated that the individuals clustered into two distinct groups. Accessions Igarapé Açu-2 and Augusto Corrêa-Pl 1 were most similar. The genetic dissimilarity values ranged from 0.10 to 0.59. We conclude that the ISSR markers were efficient in detecting polymorphisms in the nanche accessions, and that it is possible to infer the genetic variability among accessions of the collection. This demonstrate the importance of using molecular markers in poorly studied species and the advantages that this information can bring to the genetic improvement of such species.

  11. Genetic diversity, population structure, and resistance to Phytophthora capsici of a worldwide collection of eggplant germplasm.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel P Naegele

    Full Text Available Eggplant (Solanum melongena L. is an important solanaceous crop with high phenotypic diversity and moderate genotypic diversity. Ninety-nine genotypes of eggplant germplasm (species (S. melongena, S. incanum, S. linnaeanum and S. gilo, landraces and heirloom cultivars from 32 countries and five continents were evaluated for genetic diversity, population structure, fruit shape, and disease resistance to Phytophthora fruit rot. Fruits from each line were measured for fruit shape and evaluated for resistance to two Phytophthora capsici isolates seven days post inoculation. Only one accession (PI 413784 was completely resistant to both isolates evaluated. Partial resistance to Phytophthora fruit rot was found in accessions from all four eggplant species evaluated in this study. Genetic diversity and population structure were assessed using 22 polymorphic simple sequence repeats (SSRs. The polymorphism information content (PIC for the population was moderate (0.49 in the population. Genetic analyses using the program STRUCTURE indicated the existence of four genetic clusters within the eggplant collection. Population structure was detected when eggplant lines were grouped by species, continent of origin, country of origin, fruit shape and disease resistance.

  12. Characterization of root architecture in an applied core collection for phosphorus efficiency of soybean germplasm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Jing; FU Jiabing; LIAO Hong; HE Yong; NIAN Hai; HU Yueming; QIU Linjuan; DONG Yinsan; YAN Xiaolong

    2004-01-01

    In the present study, we constructed an "applied core collection" for phosphorus (P) efficiency of soybean germplasm using a GIS-assisted approach. Systematic characterization and comparative analysis of root architecture were conducted to evaluate the relationship between mot architecture and P efficiency and its possible evolutionary pattern. Our results found that: I) root architecture was closely related to P efficiency in soybean. Shallow root architecture had better spatial configuration in the P-rich cultivated soil layer hence higher P efficiency and soybean yield;ii) there was a possible co-evolutionary pattern among shoot type, root architecture and P efficiency. The bush cultivated soybean had a shallow root architecture and high P efficiency,the climbing wild soybean had a deep root architecture and low P efficiency, while the root architecture and P efficiency of semi-wild soybean were intermediate between cultivated and wild soybean; iii) P availability regulated root architecture. Soybean roots became shallower with P addition to the topsoil, indicating that the co-evolutionary relationship between root architecture and P efficiency might be attributed to the long-term effects of topsoil fertilization. Our results could provide important theoretical basis for improving soybean root traits and P efficiency.

  13. Results of the 2009 ASBVd survey of avocado accessions in the national germplasm collection in Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    The presence of Avocado Sunblotch Viroid (ASBVd) infection among the avocado (Persea americana Mill.) accessions in the National Germplasm Repository at Miami (NGR-Mia) was established in previous studies. An ASBVd specific reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) protocol was used t...

  14. Screening of the entire USDA castor germplasm collection for oil content and fatty acid composition for optimum biodiesel production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ming Li; Morris, J Bradley; Tonnis, Brandon; Pinnow, David; Davis, Jerry; Raymer, Paul; Pederson, Gary A

    2011-09-14

    Castor has tremendous potential as a feedstock for biodiesel production. The oil content and fatty acid composition in castor seed are important factors determining the price for production and affecting the key fuel properties of biodiesel. There are 1033 available castor accessions collected or donated from 48 countries worldwide in the USDA germplasm collection. The entire castor collection was screened for oil content and fatty acid composition by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and gas chromatography (GC), respectively. Castor seeds on the average contain 48.2% oil with significant variability ranging from 37.2 to 60.6%. Methyl esters were prepared from castor seed by alkaline transmethylation. GC analysis of methyl esters confirmed that castor oil was composed primarily of eight fatty acids: 1.48% palmitic (C16:0), 1.58% stearic (C18:0), 4.41% oleic (C18:1), 6.42% linoleic (C18:2), 0.68% linolenic (C18:3), 0.45% gadoleic (C20:1), 84.51% ricinoleic (C18:1-1OH), and 0.47% dihydroxystearic (C18:0-2OH) acids. Significant variability in fatty acid composition was detected among castor accessions. Ricinoleic acid (RA) was positively correlated with dihydroxystearic acid (DHSA) but highly negatively correlated with the five other fatty acids except linolenic acid. The results for oil content and fatty acid composition obtained from this study will be useful for end-users to explore castor germplasm for biodiesel production.

  15. Determining redundancy of short-day, onion (Allium cepa L. var. cepa) accessions in a germplasm collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    The U.S. National Plant Germplasm System is one of the world’s largest national genebank networks focusing on preserving the genetic diversity of plants by acquiring, preserving, evaluating, documenting and distributing crop-related germplasm to researchers worldwide. Maintaining viable germplasm co...

  16. Genetic diversity and population structure of castor (Ricinus communis L.) germplasm within the US collection assessed with EST-SSR markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, M L; Dzievit, M; Chen, Z; Morris, J B; Norris, J E; Barkley, N A; Tonnis, B; Pederson, G A; Yu, J

    2017-03-01

    Castor is an important oilseed crop and although its oil is inedible, it has multiple industrial and pharmaceutical applications. The entire US castor germplasm collection was previously screened for oil content and fatty acid composition, but its genetic diversity and population structure has not been determined. Based on the screening results of oil content, fatty acid composition, and country origins, 574 accessions were selected and genotyped with 22 polymorphic EST-SSR markers. The results from cluster analysis, population structure, and principal component analysis were consistent, and partitioned accessions into four subpopulations. Although there were certain levels of admixtures among groups, these clusters and subpopulations aligned with geographic origins. Both divergent and redundant accessions were identified in this study. The US castor germplasm collection encompasses a moderately high level of genetic diversity (pairwise dissimilarity coefficient = 0.53). The results obtained here will be useful for choosing accessions as parents to make crosses in breeding programs and prioritizing accessions for regeneration to improve germplasm management. A subset of 230 accessions was selected and will be planted in the field for establishing a core collection of the US castor germplasm. Further evaluation of the US castor germplasm collection is also discussed.

  17. Genetic variation of a global germplasm collection of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) including Italian accessions at risk of genetic erosion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Giovanni, C; Pavan, S; Taranto, F; Di Rienzo, V; Miazzi, M M; Marcotrigiano, A R; Mangini, G; Montemurro, C; Ricciardi, L; Lotti, C

    2017-01-01

    Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is one of the most important legumes worldwide. We addressed this study to the genetic characterization of a germplasm collection from main chickpea growing countries. Several Italian traditional landraces at risk of genetic erosion were included in the analysis. Twenty-two simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, widely used to explore genetic variation in plants, were selected and yielded 218 different alleles. Structure analysis and hierarchical clustering indicated that a model with three distinct subpopulations best fits the data. The composition of two subpopulations, named K1 and K2, broadly reflects the commercial classification of chickpea in the two types desi and kabuli, respectively. The third subpopulation (K3) is composed by both desi and kabuli genotypes. Italian accessions group both in K2 and K3. Interestingly, this study highlights genetic distance between desi genotypes cultivated in Asia and Ethiopia, which respectively represent the chickpea primary and the secondary centres of diversity. Moreover, European desi are closer to the Ethiopian gene pool. Overall, this study will be of importance for chickpea conservation genetics and breeding, which is limited by the poor characterization of germplasm collection.

  18. Detection and classification of SPLCV isolates in the U.S. sweetpotato germplasm collection via a real-time PCR assay and phylogenetic analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    The USDA/ARS sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] germplasm collection contains accessions that were initially collected from various countries worldwide. These materials have been maintained and distributed as in vitro plantlets since the 1980s. The status of viral infection by the emerging Swe...

  19. Genetic diversity of a brazilian wine grape germplasm collection based on morphoagronomic traits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Coelho de S. Leão

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to evaluate the performance of cultivars, to quantify the variability and to estimate the genetic distances of 66 wine grape accessions in the Grape Germplasm Bank of the EMBRAPA Semi-Arid, in Juazeiro, BA, Brazil, through the characterization of discrete and continuous phenotypic variables. Multivariate statistics, such as, principal components, Tocher's optimization procedure, and the graphic of the distance, were efficient in grouping more similar genotypes, according to their phenotypic characteristics. There was no agreement in the formation of groups between continuous and discrete morpho-agronomic traits, when Tocher's optimization procedure was used. Discrete variables allowed the separation of Vitis vinifera and hybrids in different groups. Significant positive correlations were observed between weight, length and width of bunches, and a negative correlation between titratable acidity and TSS/TTA. The major part (84.12% of the total variation present in the original data was explained by the four principal components. The results revealed little variability between wine grape accessions in the Grape Germplasm Bank of Embrapa Semi-Arid.

  20. Genetic relationship and diversity in a sesame (Sesamum indicum L. germplasm collection using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karlovsky Petr

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sesame is an important oil crop in tropical and subtropical areas. Despite its nutritional value and historic and cultural importance, the research on sesame has been scarce, particularly as far as its genetic diversity is concerned. The aims of the present study were to clarify genetic relationships among 32 sesame accessions from the Venezuelan Germplasm Collection, which represents genotypes from five diversity centres (India, Africa, China-Korea-Japan, Central Asia and Western Asia, and to determine the association between geographical origin and genetic diversity using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP. Results Large genetic variability was found within the germplasm collection. A total of 457 AFLP markers were recorded, 93 % of them being polymorphic. The Jaccard similarity coefficient ranged from 0.38 to 0.85 between pairs of accessions. The UPGMA dendrogram grouped 25 of 32 accessions in two robust clusters, but it has not revealed any association between genotype and geographical origin. Indian, African and Chinese-Korean-Japanese accessions were distributed throughout the dendrogram. A similar pattern was obtained using principal coordinates analysis. Genetic diversity studies considering five groups of accessions according to the geographic origin detected that only 20 % of the total diversity was due to diversity among groups using Nei's coefficient of population differentiation. Similarly, only 5% of the total diversity was attributed to differences among groups by the analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA. This small but significant difference was explained by the fact that the Central Asia group had a lower genetic variation than the other diversity centres studied. Conclusion We found that our sesame collection was genetically very variable and did not show an association between geographical origin and AFLP patterns. This result suggests that there was considerable gene flow among diversity centres

  1. SNP-Discovery by RAD-Sequencing in a Germplasm Collection of Wild and Cultivated Grapevines (V. vinifera L.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birolo, Giovanni; Prazzoli, Maria Lucia; Lorenzi, Silvia; Valle, Giorgio; Grando, Maria Stella

    2017-01-01

    Whole-genome comparisons of Vitis vinifera subsp. sativa and V. vinifera subsp. sylvestris are expected to provide a better estimate of the valuable genetic diversity still present in grapevine, and help to reconstruct the evolutionary history of a major crop worldwide. To this aim, the increase of molecular marker density across the grapevine genome is fundamental. Here we describe the SNP discovery in a grapevine germplasm collection of 51 cultivars and 44 wild accessions through a novel protocol of restriction-site associated DNA (RAD) sequencing. By resequencing 1.1% of the grapevine genome at a high coverage, we recovered 34K BamHI unique restriction sites, of which 6.8% were absent in the ‘PN40024’ reference genome. Moreover, we identified 37,748 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 93% of which belonged to the 19 assembled chromosomes with an average of 1.8K SNPs per chromosome. Nearly half of the SNPs fell in genic regions mostly assigned to the functional categories of metabolism and regulation, whereas some nonsynonymous variants were identified in genes related with the detection and response to environmental stimuli. SNP validation was carried-out, showing the ability of RAD-seq to accurately determine genotypes in a highly heterozygous species. To test the usefulness of our SNP panel, the main diversity statistics were evaluated, highlighting how the wild grapevine retained less genetic variability than the cultivated form. Furthermore, the analysis of Linkage Disequilibrium (LD) in the two subspecies separately revealed how the LD decays faster within the domesticated grapevine compared to its wild relative. Being the first application of RAD-seq in a diverse grapevine germplasm collection, our approach holds great promise for exploiting the genetic resources available in one of the most economically important fruit crops. PMID:28125640

  2. Effect of the scale of quantitative trait data on the representativeness of a cotton germplasm sub-core collection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-cheng WANG; Jin HU; Ya-jing GUAN; Yan-fang ZHU

    2013-01-01

    A cotton germplasm collection with data for 20 quantitative traits was used to investigate the effect of the scale of quantitative trait data on the representativeness of plant sub-core collections.The relationship between the representativeness of a sub-core collection and two influencing factors,the number of traits and the sampling percentage,was studied.A mixed linear model approach was used to eliminate environmental errors and predict genotypic values of accessions.Sub-core collections were constructed using a least distance stepwise sampling(LDSS)method combining standardized Euclidean distance and an unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic means (UPGMA)cluster method.The mean difference percentage(MD),variance difference percentage(VD),coincidence rate of range(CR),and variable rate of coefficient of variation(VR)served as evaluation parameters.Monte Carlo simulation was conducted to study the relationship among the number of traits,the sampling percentage,and the four evaluation parameters.The results showed that the representativeness of a sub-core collection was affected greatly by the number of traits and the sampling percentage,and that these two influencing factors were closely connected.Increasing the number of traits improved the representativeness of a sub-core collection when the data of genotypic values were used.The change in the genetic diversity of sub-core collections with different sampling percentages showed a linear tendency when the number of traits was small,and a logarithmic tendency when the number of traits was large.However,the change in the genetic diversity of sub-core collections with different numbers of traits always showed a strong logarithmic tendency when the sampling percentage was changing.A CR threshold method based on Monte Carlo simulation is proposed to determine the rational number of traits for a relevant sampling percentage of a sub-core collection.

  3. Germplasm Collection from Last Remnants of Rice Landrace Genetic Diversity in High Altitude Areas of Kashmir Himalayas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheikh Mohd SULTAN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to know about past and present cultivation and status of rice landraces in Kashmir province of Indian Himalayan state of Jammu and Kashmir. Tremendous genetic diversity has existed in past in paddy fields throughout Kashmir especially in remote high altitude areas and more than 4 dozen named landraces have been recorded in the literature. Elderly farmers in their sixties and beyond still fondly remember these landraces and often recall quality attributes in many of these genetic resources. Most of the landraces have now disappeared from the local production system and only few are presently being cultivated and that too in a very small area. The reasons as to why farmers lost interest in these genetic resources and why few landraces are still popular in farmer fields have been discussed. Our study has revealed that variability in paddy fields has now been drastically reduced to few high altitude areas where also it is seriously endangered. We argue that collection of well adapted traditional varieties from these ‘last remnants of rice genetic diversity’ in Kashmir is an important task especially under prevailing uncertain social and climatic conditions to ensure a sustainable environment. 32 germplasm accessions of some landraces have been collected during our survey in these areas. These have been deposited in National Seed Gene Bank at NBPGR, New Delhi for conservation and characterization.

  4. Genetic Diversity Within a Jackfruit(Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.)Germplasm Collection in China Using AFLP Markers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ying-zhi; MAO Qi; FENG Feng; YE Chun-hai

    2010-01-01

    Jackfruit is cross-pollinated and mostly seed propagated,a wide range of variation exists in fruit quality.With the development of efficient vegetative propagation methods,excellent genotypes selected from these seed propagated seedlings will gradually replace other genotypes in jackfruit producing areas.In this study,genetic diversity of 50jackfruit accessions from three provinces in China was analyzed based on amplified fragment length polymorphic(AFLP)markers.A total of 320 unambiguous bands were produced by eight primer combinations,and 65(20.3%)of them were polymorphic.Genetic similarity coefficients ranged from 0 to 0.9841,with an average of 0.5000,indicating a moderate genetic diversity in this collection.The dendrogram derived by unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean algorithm(UPGMA)analysis revealed five groups,and no correlation between genetic relationship and geographical origin were found.Accessions of soft and firm flesh type were not clustered into distinct groups,neither could yearly bearing once,or twice fruit accessions.This study has provided useful information for collection and preservation of jackfruit germplasm worldwide.

  5. Molecular characterization and population structure of the macaw palm, Acrocomia aculeata (Arecaceae), ex situ germplasm collection using microsatellites markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanes, Éder C M; Motoike, Sérgio Y; Kuki, Kacilda N; Nick, Carlos; Freitas, Renata D

    2015-01-01

    The Acrocomia aculeata is one of the most promising plants for sustainable production of renewable energy. In order to understand patterns of the distribution of the allelic diversity of A. aculeata ex situ germplasm collection, the present study investigated the hypothesis that the genetic variability of the accessions may match their geographical origin. A genotypic analysis of 77 A. aculeata accessions was conducted with 6 simple sequence repeat markers. A high degree of molecular diversity among the accessions was found, with an average of 9 alleles per locus and a polymorphic information content with a mean of 0.76. A total of 4 clusters was identified by the Bayesian analysis of population structure. The highest subpopulation diversity was identified in Pop1, mainly formed by accessions from State of Mato Grosso do Sul. The populations Pop2A, Pop2B, and Pop2C, all from the State of Minas Gerais, showed high genetic variability as determined by a higher F st, and a wide genetic variance, which were identified within and among the population by analysis of molecular variance. Based on our results and on Vavilov's theory on crop origins, one possible diversity center for A. aculeata is proposed to be in a region in southeast Brazil.

  6. Genetic structural analysis for germplasm accessions in the USDA Rice World Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice is grouped into five genetic structures including indica, aus, aromatic, temperate japonica, and tropical japonica. A core collection having 1,785 accessions from 114 countries has been developed that is representative of the USDA rice world collection which includes over 18,000 accessions. The...

  7. Evaluation of Astragalus Filipes (Basalt Milkvetch) Collections and NBR-1 Germplasm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legumes have been under-represented in rangeland seeding due to a lack of available seed from appropriate species. To facilitate the availability of a native legume with broad distribution throughout the Great Basin, we collected approximately 70 populations of Astragalus filipes. The populations'...

  8. How do we address the disconnect between genetic and morphological diversity in germplasm collections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morphology has long provided key data to assess diversity in landrace collections in genebanks worldwide. We explored, through an F2 cross between two inbred diploid potato clones, the utility of tuber morphology to assess diversity of potato landraces. We assessed the F2 population created by self-...

  9. Genomics-based plant germplasm research (GPGR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jizeng Jia

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Plant germplasm underpins much of crop genetic improvement. Millions of germplasm accessions have been collected and conserved ex situ and/or in situ, and the major challenge is now how to exploit and utilize this abundant resource. Genomics-based plant germplasm research (GPGR or “Genoplasmics” is a novel cross-disciplinary research field that seeks to apply the principles and techniques of genomics to germplasm research. We describe in this paper the concept, strategy, and approach behind GPGR, and summarize current progress in the areas of the definition and construction of core collections, enhancement of germplasm with core collections, and gene discovery from core collections. GPGR is opening a new era in germplasm research. The contribution, progress and achievements of GPGR in the future are predicted.

  10. Genetic diversity of a germplasm collection of Cucurbita pepo using SRAP and AFLP markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferriol, M; Picó, B; Nuez, F

    2003-07-01

    Cucurbita pepo is a highly polymorphic species. The cultivars can be grouped into eight morphotypes in two subspecies, ssp. pepo and ssp. ovifera. A collection of 69 accessions representative of the morphotypes and some unclassified types was used for analysing the morphological and molecular diversity of this species. This collection includes commercial cultivars and Spanish landraces, which represent the great diversification of types that have arisen in Europe after this species arrived from America. For the molecular variability studies, two PCR-based systems were employed, AFLP and SRAP, which preferentially amplify ORFs. Principal coordinates analysis and cluster analysis using the UPGMA method clearly separate the accessions into the two subspecies through the use of both markers. However, the gene diversity and the genetic identity values among morphotypes and subspecies varied between the two marker systems. The information given by SRAP markers was more concordant to the morphological variability and to the evolutionary history of the morphotypes than that of AFLP markers. In ssp. ovifera, the accessions of the different morphotypes were basically grouped according to the fruit colour. This may indicate different times of development and also the extent of breeding in the accessions used. This study has allowed identification of new types that can be employed for the development of new cultivars. The landraces of the spp. ovifera, used as ornamental in Europe, have proved to be of great interest for preserving the diversity of C. pepo.

  11. Molecular Diversity and Population Structure of a Worldwide Collection of Cultivated Tetraploid Alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. sativa L.) Germplasm as Revealed by Microsatellite Markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiang, Haiping; Chen, Zhihong; Zhang, Zhengli; Wang, Xuemin; Gao, Hongwen; Wang, Zan

    2015-01-01

    Information on genetic diversity and population structure of a tetraploid alfalfa collection might be valuable in effective use of the genetic resources. A set of 336 worldwide genotypes of tetraploid alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. sativa L.) was genotyped using 85 genome-wide distributed SSR markers to reveal the genetic diversity and population structure in the alfalfa. Genetic diversity analysis identified a total of 1056 alleles across 85 marker loci. The average expected heterozygosity and polymorphism information content values were 0.677 and 0.638, respectively, showing high levels of genetic diversity in the cultivated tetraploid alfalfa germplasm. Comparison of genetic characteristics across chromosomes indicated regions of chromosomes 2 and 3 had the highest genetic diversity. A higher genetic diversity was detected in alfalfa landraces than that of wild materials and cultivars. Two populations were identified by the model-based population structure, principal coordinate and neighbor-joining analyses, corresponding to China and other parts of the world. However, lack of strictly correlation between clustering and geographic origins suggested extensive germplasm exchanges of alfalfa germplasm across diverse geographic regions. The quantitative analysis of the genetic diversity and population structure in this study could be useful for genetic and genomic analysis and utilization of the genetic variation in alfalfa breeding.

  12. Molecular Diversity and Population Structure of a Worldwide Collection of Cultivated Tetraploid Alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. sativa L. Germplasm as Revealed by Microsatellite Markers.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiping Qiang

    Full Text Available Information on genetic diversity and population structure of a tetraploid alfalfa collection might be valuable in effective use of the genetic resources. A set of 336 worldwide genotypes of tetraploid alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. sativa L. was genotyped using 85 genome-wide distributed SSR markers to reveal the genetic diversity and population structure in the alfalfa. Genetic diversity analysis identified a total of 1056 alleles across 85 marker loci. The average expected heterozygosity and polymorphism information content values were 0.677 and 0.638, respectively, showing high levels of genetic diversity in the cultivated tetraploid alfalfa germplasm. Comparison of genetic characteristics across chromosomes indicated regions of chromosomes 2 and 3 had the highest genetic diversity. A higher genetic diversity was detected in alfalfa landraces than that of wild materials and cultivars. Two populations were identified by the model-based population structure, principal coordinate and neighbor-joining analyses, corresponding to China and other parts of the world. However, lack of strictly correlation between clustering and geographic origins suggested extensive germplasm exchanges of alfalfa germplasm across diverse geographic regions. The quantitative analysis of the genetic diversity and population structure in this study could be useful for genetic and genomic analysis and utilization of the genetic variation in alfalfa breeding.

  13. Discovering the desirable alleles contributing to the lignocellulosic biomass traits in saccharum germplasm collections for energy cane improvement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Todd, James [USDA ARS Sugarcane Field Station, Canal Point, FL (United States); Comstock, Jack C. [USDA ARS Sugarcane Field Station, Canal Point, FL (United States)

    2015-11-25

    of the cores and the World Collection are similar to each other genotypically and phenotypically, but the core that was selected using only genotypic data was significantly different phenotypically. This indicates that there is not enough association between the genotypic and phenotypic diversity as to select using only genotypic diversity and get the full phenotypic diversity. Core Collection: Creation and Phenotyping Methods: To evaluate this germplasm for breeding purposes, a representative diversity panel selected from the WCSRG of approximately 300 accessions was planted at Canal Point, FL in three replications. These accessions were measured for stalk height and stalk number multiple times throughout the growing season and Brix and fresh biomass during harvest in 2013 and, stalk height, stalk number, stalk diameter, internode length, Brix and fresh and dry biomass was determined in the ratoon crop harvest in 2014. Results: In correlations of multiple measurements, there were higher correlations for early measurements of stalk number and stalk height with harvest traits like Brix and fresh weight. Hybrids had higher fresh mass and Brix while Saccharum spontaneum had higher stalk number and dry mass. The heritability of hybrid mass traits was lower in the ratoon crop. According to the principal component analysis, the diversity panel was divided into two groups. One group had accessions with high stalk number and high dry biomass like S. spontaneum and the other groups contained accessions with higher Brix and fresh biomass like S. officinarum. Mass traits correlated with each other as expected but hybrids had lower correlations between fresh and dry mass. Stalk number and the mass traits correlated with each other except in S. spontaneum and hybrids in the first ratoon. There were 110 accessions not significantly different in Brix from the commercial sugarcane checks including 10 S. spontaneum accessions. There were 27 dry and 6 fresh mass accessions

  14. Grain quality of drought tolerant accessions within the MRI Zemun Polje maize germplasm collection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vancetovic, J.; Ignjatovic-Micic, D.; Bozinovic, S.; Babbic, M.; Filipovic, M.; Grcic, N.; Andjelkovic, V.

    2014-06-01

    Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje (MRI) gene bank created an elite drought tolerant core collection of 40 accessions, based on field trials and general combining ability with inbred lines from the main heterotic groups (Lancaster, Iowa Stiff Stalk Synthetic . BSSS and Iodent). A total of seven genetic groups were identified. Seven accessions showed good combining abilities with three testers from chosen heterotic groups, thus forming a distinctive genetic group (Unknown). In the present research, accessions with drought tolerance were also analyzed for grain quality, as these two traits are becoming highly important due to global warming and population growth. Kernel macronutrients contents (oil, protein and starch) were determined using Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR). Oil, protein and starch contents were significantly higher in introduced populations than in landraces for 0.43%, 0.12% and 0.85%, respectively (p < 0.01). The greatest progress from the selection based on the expected genetic gain ({Delta}G) for 5% selection intensity would be obtained for oil (14.74%) followed by protein (10.14%). Landraces showed the least potential for the grain quality improvement due to the lowest expected {Delta}G for the three macronutrients. The differences between macronutrient content among genetic groups defined them as potentially favourable sources for a specific trait. According to {Delta}G values, the greatest progress in breeding would be accomplished for increased oil content with accessions from the Unknown group. Identification of the accessions with several favorable traits is valuable for simultaneous breeding for drought tolerance and grain quality. (Author)

  15. Grain quality of drought tolerant accessions within the MRI Zemun Polje maize germplasm collection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Vančetović

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje (MRI gene bank created an elite drought tolerant core collection of 40 accessions, based on field trials and general combining ability with inbred lines from the main heterotic groups (Lancaster, Iowa Stiff Stalk Synthetic - BSSS and Iodent. A total of seven genetic groups were identified. Seven accessions showed good combining abilities with three testers from chosen heterotic groups, thus forming a dinstinctive genetic group (Unknown. In the present research, accessions with drought tolerance were also analyzed for grain quality, as these two traits are becoming highly important due to global warming and population growth. Kernel macronutrients contents (oil, protein and starch were determined using Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR. Oil, protein and starch contents were significantly higher in introduced populations than in landraces for 0.43%, 0.12% and 0.85%, respectively (p<0.01. The greatest progress from the selection based on the expected genetic gain (ΔG for 5% selection intensity would be obtained for oil (14.74% followed by protein (10.14%. Landraces showed the least potential for the grain quality improvement due to the lowest expected ΔG for the three macronutrients. The differences between macronutrient content among genetic groups defined them as potentially favourable sources for a specific trait. According to ΔG values, the greatest progress in breeding would be accomplished for increased oil content with accessions from the Unknown group. Identification of the accessions with several favorable traits is valuable for simultaneous breeding for drought tolerance and grain quality.

  16. Detection of NAM-A1 Natural Variants in Bread Wheat Reveals Differences in Haplotype Distribution between a Worldwide Core Collection and European Elite Germplasm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabien Cormier

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In wheat, remobilization of nitrogen absorbed before anthesis and regulation of monocarpic senescence is a major issue in breeding for nutrient use efficiency. We identified natural variants of NAM-A1, a gene having the same role as its well-characterized homoeolog NAM-B1, a NAC transcription factor associated with senescence kinetics and nutrient remobilization to the grain. Differences in haplotype frequencies between a worldwide core collection and a panel of European elite varieties were assessed and discussed. Moreover, hypotheses for the loss of function of the most common haplotype in elite European germplasm are discussed.

  17. Discovering the desirable alleles contributing to the lignocellulosic biomass traits in saccharum germplasm collections for energy cane improvement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Todd, James [USDA ARS Sugarcane Field Station, Canal Point, FL (United States); Comstock, Jack C. [USDA ARS Sugarcane Field Station, Canal Point, FL (United States)

    2015-11-25

    of the cores and the World Collection are similar to each other genotypically and phenotypically, but the core that was selected using only genotypic data was significantly different phenotypically. This indicates that there is not enough association between the genotypic and phenotypic diversity as to select using only genotypic diversity and get the full phenotypic diversity. Core Collection: Creation and Phenotyping Methods: To evaluate this germplasm for breeding purposes, a representative diversity panel selected from the WCSRG of approximately 300 accessions was planted at Canal Point, FL in three replications. These accessions were measured for stalk height and stalk number multiple times throughout the growing season and Brix and fresh biomass during harvest in 2013 and, stalk height, stalk number, stalk diameter, internode length, Brix and fresh and dry biomass was determined in the ratoon crop harvest in 2014. Results: In correlations of multiple measurements, there were higher correlations for early measurements of stalk number and stalk height with harvest traits like Brix and fresh weight. Hybrids had higher fresh mass and Brix while Saccharum spontaneum had higher stalk number and dry mass. The heritability of hybrid mass traits was lower in the ratoon crop. According to the principal component analysis, the diversity panel was divided into two groups. One group had accessions with high stalk number and high dry biomass like S. spontaneum and the other groups contained accessions with higher Brix and fresh biomass like S. officinarum. Mass traits correlated with each other as expected but hybrids had lower correlations between fresh and dry mass. Stalk number and the mass traits correlated with each other except in S. spontaneum and hybrids in the first ratoon. There were 110 accessions not significantly different in Brix from the commercial sugarcane checks including 10 S. spontaneum accessions. There were 27 dry and 6 fresh mass accessions

  18. The Germplasm Enhancement of Maize (GEM) project: A Public-Private Partnership (PPP) to increase genetic diversity in US maize

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Germplasm Enhancement of Maize (GEM) Project is a mission-oriented, cooperative research effort of the United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), land grant universities, private industry, and international agricultural research centers to broaden the ger...

  19. Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Relationships in a Tunisian Fig (Ficus carica) Germplasm Collection by Random Amplified Microsatellite Polymorphisms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Khaled Chatti; Olfa Saddoud; Amel Salhi-Hannachi; Messaoud Mars; Mohamed Marrakchi; Mokhtar Trifi

    2007-01-01

    The random amplified mirosatellite polymorphism method was performed in a set of Tunisian fig landraces using eighteen primer combinations. Atotal of sixty three random amplified microsatellite polymorphism (RAMPO) markers were scored and used either to assess the genetic diversity in these cultivars or to detect cases of mislabeling. Opportunely, data proved that the designed procedure constitutes an attractive and fast method with low costs and prevents radio exposure. As a result, we have identified the primer combinations that are the most efficient to detect genetic polymorphism in this crop. Therefore, the derived unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic averages (UPGMA) dendrogram illustrates the genetic divergence among the landraces studied and exhibits a typically continuous variation. Moreover, no evident correlation between the sexes of trees was observed. In addition, using these markers, discrimination between landraces has been achieved. Thus, random amplified mirosatellite polymorphism is proved to be powerful for characterizing the local fig germplasm.

  20. Microsatellite fingerprinting in the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad: Accession and plot homogeneity information for germplasm management

    Science.gov (United States)

    The International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad (ICG,T) is the largest public domain field gene bank collection of cacao and the correct identity of each tree is crucial for germplasm movement, evaluation and phenotypic characterization. Nine microsatellite loci were used to assess the identity of 1480 t...

  1. Genetic diversity and relationships in olive ( Olea europaea L.) germplasm collections as determined by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belaj, A.; Satovic, Z.; Rallo, L.; Trujillo, I.

    2002-09-01

    Genetic diversity studies using the RAPD technique were carried out in a set of 103 olive cultivars from the World Germplasm Bank of the Centro de Investigación y Formación Agraria (CIFA) "Alameda del Obispo" in Cordoba (Spain). A total of 126 polymorphisms (6.0 polymorphic markers per primer) out of 135 reproducible products (6.4 fragments per primer) were obtained from the 21 primers used. The number of bands per primer ranged from 4 to 11, whereas the number of polymorphic bands ranged from 3 to 10, corresponding to 83% of the amplification products. The dendrogram based on unweighted pair-group cluster analysis using Jaccard's index includes three major groups according to their origin: (1) cultivars from the Eastern and Central Mediterranean areas, (2) some Italian and Spanish cultivars, and (3) cultivars from the Western Mediterranean zone. The pattern of genetic variation among olive cultivars from three different Mediterranean zones (West, Centre and East) was analysed by means of the analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA). Although most of the genetic diversity was attributable to differences of cultivars within Mediterranean zones (96.86%) significant phi-values among zones (phi(st) = 0.031; p < 0.001) suggested the existence of phenotypic differentiation. Furthermore, the AMOVA analysis was used to partition the phenotypic variation of Spain, Italy (Western region), Greece and Turkey (Eastern region) into four categories: among regions, among countries (within regions), within countries, and among and within countries of each region. Most of the genetic diversity was attributable to differences among genotypes within a country. These results are consistent with the predominantly allogamous nature of Olea europaea L. species. This paper indicates the importance of the study of the amount and distribution of genetic diversity for a better exploration of olive genetic resources and the design of plant breeding programmes.

  2. 78 FR 31563 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    ... technology to minimize the information collection burden. Information Collection Request Title: The Teaching... Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request AGENCY: Health Resources and... utility of the proposed information collection for the proper performance of the agency's functions,...

  3. Public Availability to ECS Collected Datasets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, J. F.; Warnken, R.; McLean, S. J.; Lim, E.; Varner, J. D.

    2013-12-01

    Coastal nations have spent considerable resources exploring the limits of their extended continental shelf (ECS) beyond 200 nm. Although these studies are funded to fulfill requirements of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, the investments are producing new data sets in frontier areas of Earth's oceans that will be used to understand, explore, and manage the seafloor and sub-seafloor for decades to come. Although many of these datasets are considered proprietary until a nation's potential ECS has become 'final and binding' an increasing amount of data are being released and utilized by the public. Data sets include multibeam, seismic reflection/refraction, bottom sampling, and geophysical data. The U.S. ECS Project, a multi-agency collaboration whose mission is to establish the full extent of the continental shelf of the United States consistent with international law, relies heavily on data and accurate, standard metadata. The United States has made it a priority to make available to the public all data collected with ECS-funding as quickly as possible. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) supports this objective by partnering with academia and other federal government mapping agencies to archive, inventory, and deliver marine mapping data in a coordinated, consistent manner. This includes ensuring quality, standard metadata and developing and maintaining data delivery capabilities built on modern digital data archives. Other countries, such as Ireland, have submitted their ECS data for public availability and many others have made pledges to participate in the future. The data services provided by NGDC support the U.S. ECS effort as well as many developing nation's ECS effort through the U.N. Environmental Program. Modern discovery, visualization, and delivery of scientific data and derived products that span national and international sources of data ensure the greatest re-use of data and

  4. Molecular diversity, population structure, and linkage disequilibrium in a worldwide collection of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. germplasm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fricano Agostino

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The goals of our study were to assess the phylogeny and the population structure of tobacco accessions representing a wide range of genetic diversity; identify a subset of accessions as a core collection capturing most of the existing genetic diversity; and estimate, in the tobacco core collection, the extent of linkage disequilibrium (LD in seven genomic regions using simple sequence repeat (SSR markers. To this end, a collection of accessions were genotyped with SSR markers. Molecular diversity was evaluated and LD was analyzed across seven regions of the genome. Results A genotyping database for 312 tobacco accessions was profiled with 49 SSR markers. Principal Coordinate Analysis (PCoA and Bayesian cluster analysis revealed structuring of the tobacco population with regard to commercial classes and six main clades were identified, which correspond to "Oriental", Flue-Cured", "Burley", "Dark", "Primitive", and "Other" classes. Pairwise kinship was calculated between accessions, and an overall low level of co-ancestry was observed. A set of 89 genotypes was identified that captured the whole genetic diversity detected at the 49 loci. LD was evaluated on these genotypes, using 422 SSR markers mapping on seven linkage groups. LD was estimated as squared correlation of allele frequencies (r2. The pattern of intrachromosomal LD revealed that in tobacco LD extended up to distances as great as 75 cM with r2 > 0.05 or up to 1 cM with r2 > 0.2. The pattern of LD was clearly dependent on the population structure. Conclusions A global population of tobacco is highly structured. Clustering highlights the accessions with the same market class. LD in tobacco extends up to 75 cM and is strongly dependent on the population structure.

  5. Study on collection, conservation and propagation techniques of Paulownia fortunei superior trees germplasm resources%白花泡桐优树种质资源收集保存及繁殖技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓建军; 李芳东; 乔杰; 李荣幸

    2011-01-01

    In order to save, protect and utilize comprehensively the germplasm resources of Paulownia, the investigation and collection of the germplasm resources of Paulownia in 20 provinces(municipalities) of China were conducted,and the conservation and propagation techniques were studied.The results are as follows:by the end of the year 2009, there were 388 of Paulownia germplasm resources to be collected, including 50 Paulownia fortunei superior trees germplasm resources which grew faster and had stronger resistance and good trunk form; Paulownia gene banks total area of 27.73 hm2 were built in Wenxian of Henan and Chibi of Hubei and Jiujiang of Jiangxi provinces.And the collected germplasm resources was conserved; and the experiments of grafting,cutting, tissue culture and burning root were carried, then the rejuvenation and propagation techniques of the old Paulownia fortunei superior tree material were successfully developed.%为了挽救、保护和综合利用珍贵的泡桐Paulownia种质资源,对全国20个省(直辖市)进行泡桐种质资源调查收集,并对其保存和繁殖技术进行了研究.到2009年底,共搜集到338份泡桐种质资源,其中包括50个生长量大、干形好、抗性强的白花泡桐Paulownia fortune 优良单株资源;在河南温县、湖北赤壁和江西九江共营建21.73 hm3泡桐基因库,对搜集的资源进行保存;进行了嫁接,扦插,组织培养和埋根等幼化繁殖试验,成功地探索出了白花泡桐老龄优树的幼化繁殖技术.

  6. Genome-Wide Association Study of Grain Appearance and Milling Quality in a Worldwide Collection of Indica Rice Germplasm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Zhihua; Xing, Danying; Xu, Jianlong; Dingkuhn, Michael; Li, Zhikang; Ye, Guoyou

    2015-01-01

    Grain appearance quality and milling quality are the main determinants of market value of rice. Breeding for improved grain quality is a major objective of rice breeding worldwide. Identification of genes/QTL controlling quality traits is the prerequisite for increasing breeding efficiency through marker-assisted selection. Here, we reported a genome-wide association study in indica rice to identify QTL associated with 10 appearance and milling quality related traits, including grain length, grain width, grain length to width ratio, grain thickness, thousand grain weight, degree of endosperm chalkiness, percentage of grains with chalkiness, brown rice rate, milled rice rate and head milled rice rate. A diversity panel consisting of 272 indica accessions collected worldwide was evaluated in four locations including Hangzhou, Jingzhou, Sanya and Shenzhen representing indica rice production environments in China and genotyped using genotyping-by-sequencing and Diversity Arrays Technology based on next-generation sequencing technique called DArTseq™. A wide range of variation was observed for all traits in all environments. A total of 16 different association analysis models were compared to determine the best model for each trait-environment combination. Association mapping based on 18,824 high quality markers yielded 38 QTL for the 10 traits. Five of the detected QTL corresponded to known genes or fine mapped QTL. Among the 33 novel QTL identified, qDEC1.1 (qGLWR1.1), qBRR2.2 (qGL2.1), qTGW2.1 (qGL2.2), qGW11.1 (qMRR11.1) and qGL7.1 affected multiple traits with relatively large effects and/or were detected in multiple environments. The research provided an insight of the genetic architecture of rice grain quality and important information for mining genes/QTL with large effects within indica accessions for rice breeding. PMID:26714258

  7. Genome-Wide Association Study of Grain Appearance and Milling Quality in a Worldwide Collection of Indica Rice Germplasm.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xianjin Qiu

    Full Text Available Grain appearance quality and milling quality are the main determinants of market value of rice. Breeding for improved grain quality is a major objective of rice breeding worldwide. Identification of genes/QTL controlling quality traits is the prerequisite for increasing breeding efficiency through marker-assisted selection. Here, we reported a genome-wide association study in indica rice to identify QTL associated with 10 appearance and milling quality related traits, including grain length, grain width, grain length to width ratio, grain thickness, thousand grain weight, degree of endosperm chalkiness, percentage of grains with chalkiness, brown rice rate, milled rice rate and head milled rice rate. A diversity panel consisting of 272 indica accessions collected worldwide was evaluated in four locations including Hangzhou, Jingzhou, Sanya and Shenzhen representing indica rice production environments in China and genotyped using genotyping-by-sequencing and Diversity Arrays Technology based on next-generation sequencing technique called DArTseq™. A wide range of variation was observed for all traits in all environments. A total of 16 different association analysis models were compared to determine the best model for each trait-environment combination. Association mapping based on 18,824 high quality markers yielded 38 QTL for the 10 traits. Five of the detected QTL corresponded to known genes or fine mapped QTL. Among the 33 novel QTL identified, qDEC1.1 (qGLWR1.1, qBRR2.2 (qGL2.1, qTGW2.1 (qGL2.2, qGW11.1 (qMRR11.1 and qGL7.1 affected multiple traits with relatively large effects and/or were detected in multiple environments. The research provided an insight of the genetic architecture of rice grain quality and important information for mining genes/QTL with large effects within indica accessions for rice breeding.

  8. Methods for acquisition, storage, and evaluation of leguminous tree germplasm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Felker, P.

    1980-01-01

    Simple methods for establishing, maintaining, and planting of a small scale tree legume (Prosopis) germplasm collection by one or two people are described. Suggestions are included for: developing an understanding of the worldwide distribution of genus; becoming acquainted with basic and applied scientists working on the taxa; devising seed cleaning, fumigation, cataloging, and storage techniques; requesting seed from international seed collections; collecting seed from native populations; and for field designs for planting the germplasm collection.

  9. 78 FR 59079 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60-Day notice and request for comments... quality of the collection, to Veronica Dymond, Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Communications, Small...: Veronica Dymond, Public Affairs Specialist, 202-205-6746 veronica.dymond@sba.gov Curtis B. Rich,...

  10. 78 FR 54362 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-03

    ... ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60-day notice and request for comments... for public comment in response to the notice. This notice complies with that requirement. DATES...) Solicitation of Public Comments SBA is requesting comments on (a) Whether the collection of information...

  11. Digital Format for Depositary Part of Scientific Publications' Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zemskov, Andrei; Evstigneeva, Galina

    As a rule, any large library has so called depositary part of collection. Specific circulation of these publications is not high, but preservation, conservation and provision of access to given collection need permanent efforts. The paper presents evaluation of expenses and centralized systems efficiency. These systems (e.g. JSTOR, Backfiles for Future) are publicly accessible collections of full text versions of scientific periodicals.

  12. Analysis of genetic diversity and population structure in a tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) germplasm collection based on single nucleotide polymorphism markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, T; Zou, Q D; Qi, S Y; Wang, X F; Wu, Y Y; Liu, N; Zhang, Y M; Zhang, Z J; Li, H T

    2016-07-29

    Knowledge of genetic diversity is important to assist breeders in the selection of parental materials and in the design of breeding programs. In this study, we genotyped 348 inbred tomato lines, representing vintage and contemporary fresh-market varieties, by using 52 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs); 45 of these were found to be polymorphic. The average minor allele frequency and unbiased expected heterozygosity were 0.315 and 0.356, respectively. Population structure analysis revealed that contemporary germplasm could be distinctly divided into six subpopulations representing three market classes and breeding programs (pink, green, and red). Vintage germplasm could be separated into at least two subpopulations, and more admixtures were found in vintage lines than in contemporary lines. These findings indicate that contemporary inbred lines are more diversified than vintage inbred lines. AMOVA of vintage and contemporary lines was performed. A significant difference was found (P tomato lines and to select elite inbred lines, which will accelerate the breeding process.

  13. 78 FR 26099 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60 Day Notice and request for comments... remain responsive to requests for information from the public, Congress, and program oversight...

  14. Collective Bargaining Issues in Public School Employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jascourt, Hugh D.

    Despite differences among state laws authorizing collective bargaining, and despite the variety of administrative and legal structures that enforce collective bargaining rights and obligations, a considerable degree of consensus has evolved throughout the states. Accordingly, this chapter highlights the major features of the law with respect to…

  15. An empirical assessment of the effects of the 1994 In Trust Agreements on IRRI Germplasm Acquisition and Distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Gotor

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to assess the possible influence of the 1994 In Trust Agreements (ITAs on acquisition and distribution of germplasm held by the International Research Rice Institute (IRRI genebank. The agreements, legally affirmed the ‘public good’ status of the collections that were placed ‘In Trust’ for the benefit of the world community under agreements with FAO. They initiated a formal system of multilateral access to CGIAR-held ex situ genetic resources. The hypothesis that the consequences of the ITAs lead to an enhancement of CGIAR germplasm utilization is tested here using a basic conceptual framework to infer on factors determining the distribution of germplasm. Subsequently a Bayesian empirical model is applied to IRRI accessions distribution’s time-series to provide formal evidence to the hypothesis. Results show that there is a discernible ‘change’ point that would support a significant drop in germplasm distribution followed by a new growing trend around the establishment of the ITAs. This had followed a period beginning around 1989 and leading up to the establishment of the ITAs of a large number of requests for restoration of germplasm back to countries of origin and a reduction in acquisitions. As a result the number of accessions held by IRRI reached a low point around 1994. The number of accessions might not have been built back up without the establishment of a stable policy environment that was provided by the ITAs.

  16. Collection, Preservation, Evaluation and Creative Utilization of Coffee Germplasm Resources%咖啡种质资源收集、保存、评价及创新利用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周华; 张洪波; 李锦红; 李文伟; 夏红云; 郭铁英; 白学慧; 肖兵; 杨秋鸣

    2012-01-01

    The investigation, collection, introducing, preservation, evaluating and creatively utilizing of coffee germplasm resources in Dehong Tropical Agriculture Research Institute of Yunnan were reported. There are 377 accesions collected and 325 accesions attributed to 5 species are persevered in a 3.34 hm2 coffee germplasm nursery funded by the Ministry of Agriculture. The agronomic traits, diseases and insect pests resistance, drought resistance, chilling resistance and quality traits were identified and evaluated. Common and unique characteristics were described, shared and utilized. We screened 18 excellent germplasm, created 13 excellent germplasm, gained 49 hybridized combinations. One new coffee variety was audited and approved, five new coffee varieties were registered, and the seed production and cultivation technological system were established. The new varieties were planted for 30 000hm2.%概述云南省德宏热带农业科学研究所开展咖啡种质资源调查、收集、引进、保存、评价及创新利用等方面的研究现状.收集咖啡种质资源5个种377份,保存325份,建立3.34 hm2资源圃并被农业部授牌;对圃内保存的种质进行农艺性状、抗病虫、抗旱、抗寒及品质性状鉴定评价;对资源进行共性、个性描述及共享利用;筛选优异咖啡种质18份,创制优异咖啡新种质13份,获得杂交组合后代49份,审定和认定咖啡新品种各1个,注册登记新品种5个,建立配套的种苗生产和栽培技术体系,新品种累计推广近30 000 hm2,为中国咖啡产业的发展提供有力的品种和技术支撑.

  17. 75 FR 69437 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ..., distributors, and rights holders for the transmission of network, syndicated, and sports programming in the... COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission... information collection(s). Comments are requested concerning (a) whether the proposed collection...

  18. 75 FR 32158 - Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card AGENCY... organizations on the extension, with no revision, of a currently approved information collection, SRS Publications Evaluation Card. DATES: Comments must be received in writing on or before August 6, 2010 to...

  19. Electronic Publications and Collection Management -- Issues to Consider

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grothkopf, Uta

    Electronic publications affect virtually all areas of library collection management. Previously, clearly distinguished work areas could be defined, including Acquisitions, Processing, Using/Making Available, and Archiving of publications. These areas must be modified in the digital environment to remain effective. Based on the traditional model of library collection management, the article gives an overview of issues librarians should consider when dealing with electronic publications.

  20. 78 FR 41405 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-10

    ... enrolled in health professions and nursing programs. To qualify for participation in the SDS program, a... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request AGENCY: Health Resources and Services Administration,...

  1. 75 FR 56531 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-16

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission... technology, and (e) ways to further reduce the information collection burden for small business concerns with... confidentiality with this collection of information. Privacy Impact Assessment(s): No impact(s). Needs and...

  2. Laughter and collective awareness: The cinema auditorium as public space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian Hanich

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article looks at how the collective experience of laughter in the movie theater is related to the idea of the cinema as a public space. Through the nonverbal expression of laughter the audience ‘constructs’ a public space the viewers may not have been aware of to the same degree prior to the collective public expression. Moreover, the public space created through laughter allows for an expedient type of monitoring: inappropriate laughter may be exposed in front of others. With viewers who laugh approvingly about racist violence or misogynist jokes, we can easily lay bare the ethical implications.

  3. The tropical germplasm repository program at the USDA-ARS, Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    The USDA-ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station is the only research entity within the National Plant Germplasm system in the insular Caribbean region. It houses germplasm collections of cultivated tropical/subtropical germplasm of bananas/plantains, cacao, mamey sapote, sapodilla, Spanish lime,...

  4. 76 FR 14662 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-17

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission... effort to reduce paperwork burden invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this... Services and Speech-to-Speech Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech Disabilities, Report and...

  5. 76 FR 3892 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-21

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission... continuing effort to reduce paperwork burden invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take... comply with the Commission's rules regarding RF safety, antenna marking and lighting, equipment...

  6. 78 FR 72883 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-04

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission... information technology; and further ways to reduce the information burden for small business concerns with... public to assess the impact of the universal service support mechanisms. This information...

  7. 78 FR 77770 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60-day notice and request for comments... for public comment in response to the notice. This notice complies with that requirement. DATES... needed to determine eligibility, potential conflict-of-interest and mailing data. Title: U.S....

  8. 78 FR 77769 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60-day notice and request for comments... for public comment in response to the notice. This notice complies with that requirement. ]...

  9. Laughter and collective awareness: The cinema auditorium as public space

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hanich, Julian

    2014-01-01

    This article looks at how the collective experience of laughter in the movie theater is related to the idea of the cinema as a public space. Through the non-verbal expression of laughter the audience ‘constructs’ a public space the viewers may not have been aware of to the same degree prior to the c

  10. 509-45-1: A C. annuum Pepper germplasm containing high concentrations of capsinoids

    Science.gov (United States)

    This publication reports the public release of pepper (Capsicum annuum) germplasm ‘509-45-1’. Pepper germplasm 509-45-1 is a small-fruited, non-pungent single plant selection from PI 645509. Fruit of ‘509-45-1’ contain high concentrations of capsinoids [capsiate ((4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl (E)-8...

  11. COLLECTIVE BARGAINING DYNAMICS IN THE NIGERIAN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariam A. Gbajumo-Sheriff (Mrs.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to examine the dynamics of collective bargaining machinery in both the public and private sectors in Nigeria; with a view to bringing to the fore the peculiarities associated with both sectors with regard to the practice of bargaining. To achieve this objective, the paper adopts a theoretical approach. The author observes that the practice of industrial relations as a discipline and that of collective bargaining in particular emanated from the private sector the world over. Thus, much of the practices of public sector collective bargaining are modelled after the private sector collective bargaining. However, in Nigeria, the obverse is the case as collective bargaining gained its root in the public sector owing to the near absence of private sector at the turn of the century. However, in Nigeria, the public sector pays lip-service to the collective bargaining machinery. Governments at all levels (Federal, State and Local have continued to set aside collective bargaining and to give wage awards to score political points in spite of its commitment to the ILO Convention 98 to freely bargain with workers. The State or the government in the course of regulating wages and employment terms and conditions revert to the use of wage commissions. Thus, wage determination is by fiat. This preference for wage commissions can at best be regarded as a unilateral system as collective bargaining is relegated to the background.Wage tribunals or commissions offer little opportunity for workers’ contribution in the determination of terms and conditions of employment and can hardly be viewed as bilateral or tripartite. Thus, the State preference for wage commissions is anti-collective bargaining. In spite of Nigeria’s commitment to Conventions of the ILO with particular reference to such Conventions as 87 of 1948 and 98 of 1949 which provide for freedom of association and the right of workers to organize and bargain collectively

  12. Physiological and molecular characterization of lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) germplasm with improved seedling freezing tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    We conducted greenhouse experiments to compare 14 alfalfa germplasms for their survival following freezing. Among these germplasms are collections adapted to the Grand River National Grasslands in South Dakota. Our hypothesis was that these collections developed tolerance to survive the frigid gro...

  13. Using GIS to establish a public library consumer health collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larue, Elizabeth M

    2004-11-18

    BACKGROUND: Learning the exact demographic characteristics of a neighborhood in which a public library serves, assists the collection development librarian in building an appropriate collection. Gathering that demographic information can be a lengthy process, and then formatting the information for the neighborhood in question becomes arduous.As society ages and the methods for health care evolve, people may take charge of their own health. With this prospectus, public libraries should consider creating a consumer health collection to assist the public in their health care needs. Using neighborhood demographic information can inform the collection development librarians as to the dominant age groups, sex, and races within the neighborhood. With this information, appropriate consumer health materials may be assembled in the public library. METHODS: In order to visualize the demographics of a neighborhood, the computer program ArcView GIS (geographic information systems) was used to create maps for specified areas. The neighborhood data was taken from the U.S. Census Department's annual census and library addresses were accumulated through a free database. After downloading the census block information from http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger/ the data was manipulated with ArcView GIS and queried to produce maps displaying the requested neighborhood demographics to view in respect to libraries. RESULTS: ArcView GIS produced maps displaying public libraries and requested demographics. After viewing the maps the collection development librarian can see exactly what populations are served by the library and adjust the library's collection accordingly. CONCLUSIONS: ArcView GIS can be used to produce maps displaying the communities that libraries serve, spot boundaries, be it "man-made or natural," that exist prohibiting customer service, and assist collection development librarians in justifying their purchases for a dedicated consumer health collection or resources in

  14. Sterol composition of virgin olive oil of forty-three olive cultivars from the World Collection Olive Germplasm Bank of Cordoba.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyçyk, Onejda; Aguilera, Maria Paz; Gaforio, José Juan; Jiménez, Antonio; Beltrán, Gabriel

    2016-09-01

    In olive oil, sterols constitute the majority of the unsaponifiable fraction. In recent years there has been increased interest in the sterols of olive oil for their health benefits and their importance to virgin olive oil (VOO) quality regulation. Forty-three olive (Olea europaea L.) cultivars from the World Olive Germplasm Bank, IFAPA Centro 'Alameda de Obispo', Cordoba, Spain were studied for their oil sterol composition and total content. The main sterols found in olive oil were β-sitosterol, Δ(5) -avenasterol, campesterol and stigmasterol, most of them showing high variability. Most cultivars showed total sterol contents within the limits established by EU regulations, although 28% of VOOs analysed were outside the limits established for total content and/or for individual sterols. Over the group of cultivars, total sterol contents ranged from 855 to 2185 mg kg(-1) . The high variability observed was due to the genetic component, since other agronomic and technological factors were similar. Because of the high variability, the sterol fraction can be considered as a useful tool to characterize and discriminate monovarietal VOOs. The results can be useful for nutritionists for VOO inclusion in nutrition studies. Furthermore, the variability observed can be applied in olive breeding projects to select the parents of new olive cultivars with an improved sterol fraction. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

  15. 75 FR 69439 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ... creating an asymmetry of information. Section 1.2105(c)(1) of the Commission's rules attempts to address... COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission... and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on the following information...

  16. 76 FR 22701 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-22

    ... Number: 3060-1087. Title: Section 15.615, General Administrative Requirements (Broadband Over Power Line... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

  17. 78 FR 47814 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60 Day notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the Small...

  18. 78 FR 59080 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60 Day Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the Small...

  19. 78 FR 34700 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60-Day Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the Small...

  20. 78 FR 76697 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60-Day notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the Small...

  1. 78 FR 15402 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60 Day Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the Small...

  2. 78 FR 47813 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60 Day Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the Small...

  3. 78 FR 15796 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60-day notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the Small...

  4. 78 FR 42583 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments ACTION: 60-Day notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the Small...

  5. Maize Genetic Resources Collections – Utilizing a Treasure Trove

    Science.gov (United States)

    The maize genetic resource collection managed by the USDA-ARS's National Plant Germplasm System is heavily utilized by researchers and educators. A collection of landraces, inbred lines from public and private sector sources, synthetics and key populations, it serves both as a living snapshot of th...

  6. 大麦种质资源苗期根腐病抗性鉴定%Assessment of Root Rot Resistance in a Collection of Barley Germplasm at the Seedling Stage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕二锁; 张凤英; 蔺瑞明; 包海柱; 刘志萍

    2015-01-01

    试验采用孢子悬浮液喷雾接种法,对国内外205份大麦种质资源材料进行实验室苗期根腐病抗性筛选、鉴定。结果表明,有11份材料高抗根腐病,35份材料中抗根腐病,156份材料中感或高感根腐病;以发病严重度为分析变量做品种抗病性聚类分析,取欧式距离为2.14时,品种抗病性可分为两大类,第一类抗病材料(包括高抗与中抗)总共有46份,占供试鉴定材料的22.44%;第二类感病材料(包括中感与高感)总共有156份,占供试鉴定材料的77.09%;获得的抗病材料可作为抗病育种亲本材料,为丰富和拓展我国大麦抗病育种种质资源奠定基础。%This study assessed root rot resistance in a collection of 205 samples of barley germplasm originating domestically and inter-nationally using the method of sprays for inoculating the spore suspension of the pathogen. As a result, 11 and 35 barley samples had high and medium resistance, respectively, to root rot disease, while 156 samples were moderately or highly susceptible to the disease. A clustering analysis was conducted using disease severity as the variable with Euclidean distance of 2. 14, which divided these samples into two groups based on their disease resistance. The first group was considered disease-resistant materials, which comprised 46 sam-ples with medium or high resistance to root rot disease, accounting for 22. 44% of all collected samples. The second group was consid-ered disease-susceptible materials, which consisted of 156 samples with moderate or high susceptibility to the disease, constituting 77. 09% of all samples. The samples resistant to the disease can be used as parental materials for breeding disease-resistant barley varieties. Therefore, the current study laid a foundation for enriching disease-resistant barley germplasm resources in China.

  7. Assessment of genetic diversity and anthracnose disease response among Zimbabwe sorghum germplasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    The USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System maintains a Zimbabwe sorghum collection of 1,235 accessions from different provinces. This germplasm has not been extensively employed in U.S. breeding programs due to the lack of phenotypic and genetic characterization. Therefore, 68 accessions from th...

  8. 75 FR 22594 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ...: Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Universal Licensing System (ULS) Recordkeeping and Third Party... obtain or retain benefits. Statutory authority for this information collection is contained in 47 U.S.C..., FCC/WTB-1, ``Wireless Services Licensing Records.'' The licensee records will be publicly...

  9. 75 FR 71434 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-23

    ... providers of enhanced services to enter the market for international enhanced services would be thwarted... market power. Additionally, the information collections are necessary to analyze market trends to... interconnected to the U.S. public switched network. OMB Control No.: 3060-0768. Title: 28 GHz Band Segmentation...

  10. 75 FR 57790 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-22

    ... the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology, and (e) ways to... Safety Homeland Security Bureau. Form No.: FCC Form 601. Type of Review: Revision of a currently approved... authorization to operate a license wireless radio service. This include Public Mobile Services,...

  11. Molecular Characterization of Opium Poppy (Papaver somniferum Germplasm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hari Shanker Acharya

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The medicinal value of opium poppy (2n = 22, Papaver somniferum L. is due to presence of more than two dozen alkaloids. The genetic origin and diversity of cultivars used in the breeding collection is not fully known. To evaluate the genetic diversity of the 24 germplasm currently cultivated in the state to provide genetic information about heterogeneity, using RAPD and ISSR markers. Approach: Isolated genomic DNA was subjected to PCR amplification using either random or ISSR markers. The amplified fragments were scored and matrix was prepared. Jaccard similarity coefficients were calculated and dendogram was generated. Results: RAPD with 12 primers gave 46 scorable fragments out of which 32 bands were polymorphic (69.52% with 2.6 polymorphic band per primer, while in ISSR analysis 9 primer gave good amplification with DNA of 24 opium poppy germplasm. They gave 27 scorable polymorphic with 3.0 bends per primer. Dendrogram constructed revealed that the based on RAPD the germplasm cultivated comprised of one major group A and one minor group B, while two clusters of two germplasm each stands apart, on the basis of ISSR they fall into one major group A and one minor groups B, while one germplasm clusters of UOP-60 stands apart. Based on combined RAPD and ISSR analysis these germplasm were divided into 1 major group A and 3 minor group B, C, D whereas one genotype UOP-6 stood apart. Conclusion: These results showed that the majority of cultivated germplasm fall in one cluster and have low genetic diversity.

  12. 77 FR 1946 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... Review; Comment Request, Public Assistance Customer Satisfaction Survey AGENCY: Federal Emergency... Title: Public Assistance Customer Satisfaction Survey. Type of information collection: Revision of a... T, Public Assistance Customer Satisfaction Survey (Telephone); FEMA Form 519-0-1 INT, Public...

  13. Collective Labour Conflicts in Companies and Public Institutions: Some Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca DIMITRIU

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Participation of the employees and of the public servants in collective labor conflicts constitutes a significant chapter regarding the concrete way in which the Romanian legislator implements the concept of flexicurity and re-defines labor relations. Indeed, the entire Romanian legislation on labor relations and dispute resolution has been tremendously changed in May 2011, and the impact of these changes is about to be very intense. The new law on collective labor conflicts, currently at crossroads, is rather susceptible to discourage the initiation of such conflicts and even to limit the freedom of strike. The legislator adopted a unified regulation, applicable to both employees and public servants; as such individuals who work under an employment contract are governed by the same dispute resolution norms as those individuals who perform their professional activity under an administrative act. Beyond the theoretical aspects that the new view of the Romanian laws on the labor conflict resolution raises, there are many direct, practical consequences, as well as difficulties that courts face since the entering into force of the new legislation. This study aims to analyze some of these practical consequences.

  14. Variability of candidate genes, genetic structure and association with sugar accumulation and climacteric behavior in a broad germplasm collection of melon (Cucumis melo L.)

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    [EN] Background A collection of 175 melon (Cucumis melo L.) accessions (including wild relatives, feral types, landraces, breeding lines and commercial cultivars) from 50 countries was selected to study the phenotypic variability for ripening behavior and sugar accumulation. The variability of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at 53 selected candidate genes involved in sugar accumulation and fruit ripening processes was studied, as well as their association with p...

  15. Genetic diversity and germplasm resource research on tung tree ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SERVER

    2008-04-17

    Apr 17, 2008 ... Tung tree is an important woody oil-rich plant in the world. ... marker system also yielded useful strategies for germplasm collection and conservation of tung. ..... and oils. In Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products. 1: 289-477.

  16. Anthracnose disease evaluation of sorghum germplasm from Honduras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Germplasm collections are important resources for sorghum improvement and 17 accessions from Honduras were inoculated with Colletotrichum sublineolum and evaluated at the Tropical Agriculture Research Station in Isabela, Puerto Rico during the 2005 and 2006 growing seasons to identify sources of ant...

  17. Can the exceptional chilling tolerance of C4 photosynthesis found in Miscanthus × giganteus be exceeded? Screening of a novel Miscanthus Japanese germplasm collection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glowacka, Katarzyna; Jørgensen, Uffe; Kjeldsen, Jens Bonderup

    2015-01-01

    of this study was to search for genotypes with greater potential than Mxg for photosynthesis and frost survival under these conditions. Methods A total of 864 accessions representing 164 local populations of M. sacchariflorus (Msa), M. sinensis (Msi) and M. tinctorius (Mti) collected across Japan were studied...... at chilling temperatures were identified. Msa accession ‘73/2’ developed leaves in the spring that survived night-time frost, and during growth under chilling maintained a statistically significant 79 % higher ΦCO2,max, as a measure of light-limited photosynthesis, and a 70 % higher Asat, as a measure...... of light-saturated photosynthesis. A second Msa accession, ‘73/3’ also showed significantly higher rates of leaf uptake of CO2. Conclusions As remarkable as Mxg has proved in its chilling tolerance of C4 photosynthesis, this study shows that there is still value and potential in searching for yet more...

  18. 76 FR 18615 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Performance Measurement, Evaluation and Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-04

    ... Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Performance Measurement, Evaluation and Public Diplomacy... Reduction Act of 1995. Title of Information Collection: Performance Measurement, Evaluation and Public... of information. SUMMARY: The Department of State has submitted the following information...

  19. Can the exceptional chilling tolerance of C4 photosynthesis found in Miscanthus × giganteus be exceeded? Screening of a novel Miscanthus Japanese germplasm collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Głowacka, Katarzyna; Jørgensen, Uffe; Kjeldsen, Jens B; Kørup, Kirsten; Spitz, Idan; Sacks, Erik J; Long, Stephen P

    2015-05-01

    A clone of the hybrid perennial C4 grass Miscanthus × giganteus (Mxg) is known for achieving exceptionally high rates of leaf CO2 uptake during chilling. This is a requisite of success in the early spring, as is the ability of the leaves to survive occasional frosts. The aim of this study was to search for genotypes with greater potential than Mxg for photosynthesis and frost survival under these conditions. A total of 864 accessions representing 164 local populations of M. sacchariflorus (Msa), M. sinensis (Msi) and M. tinctorius (Mti) collected across Japan were studied. Accessions whose leaves survived a natural late frost in the field were screened for high maximum photosystem II efficiency (Fv/Fm) following chilling weather, as an indicator of their capacity for light-limited photosynthesis. Those showing the highest Fv/Fm were transferred to a high-light-controlled environment and maintained at chilling temperatures, where they were further screened for their capacities for high-light-limited and light-saturated leaf uptake of CO2 (ΦCO2,max and Asat, respectively). For the first time, relatives of Mxg with significantly superior capacities for photosynthesis at chilling temperatures were identified. Msa accession '73/2' developed leaves in the spring that survived night-time frost, and during growth under chilling maintained a statistically significant 79 % higher ΦCO2,max, as a measure of light-limited photosynthesis, and a 70 % higher Asat, as a measure of light-saturated photosynthesis. A second Msa accession, '73/3' also showed significantly higher rates of leaf uptake of CO2. As remarkable as Mxg has proved in its chilling tolerance of C4 photosynthesis, this study shows that there is still value and potential in searching for yet more superior tolerance. Msa accession '73/2' shows rates of light-limited and light-saturated photosynthesis at chilling temperatures that are comparable with those of the most cold-tolerant C3 species. This adds

  20. Identification of Tsuga Germplasm by Morphological Characters and RAPD Markers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ROH Mark S; DE BENEDETTI Laura; JOUNG Young Hee; LEE Nam Sook

    2007-01-01

    Germplasm collection is important to preserve and maximize genetic diversity for germplasm conservation. Tsuga dumosa (D. Don) Eichler in Engler & Prantl. and T. chinensis var. forrestii (Downie) Silba germplasm was collected from three localities in China: Mt. Yulong, Wenfeng Temple and Mt. Dishiergu, Yunnan Province. Accessions were identified based on morphological characters and RAPD markers. The shapes of the apices and margins of needles were examined, and the length and width of needles, cones and seeds from accessions of mature plants were used to compare the morphological differences and to identify the germplasm. Molecular markers generated by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) were also used to characterize the taxa. Although the clustering based on RAPD markers was inconsistent with the morphological characters of the needles, based on the overall morphological characters and on RAPD markers, the accessions from Mt. Yulong and Wenfeng Temple were identified as T. chinensis var. forrestii, and those from Mt. Dishiergu identified as T. dumosa. Taxonomic identification of the accessions was made based on morphology and by RAPD markers concurred. The results indicate that the shapes of the apices and margins of needles particularly from young plants could not be used as a possible key to identify T. dumosa and T. chinensis var. forrestii. Fig 6, Tab 3, Ref 24

  1. 75 FR 51853 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests: Public Libraries Survey, FY 2011-2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-23

    ... Information Collection Requests: Public Libraries Survey, FY 2011-2013 AGENCY: Institute of Museum and Library... purpose of this Notice is to solicit comments concerning the continuance of the Public Libraries Survey.... 9108). II. Current Actions Pursuant to Public Law 107-279, this Public Libraries Survey collects annual...

  2. Genetic diversity of Cuban pineapple germplasm assessed by AFLP Markers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ermis Yanes Paz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Cuban pineapple germplasm collection represents the genetic diversity of pineapple cultivated in that country and includes other important genotypes obtained from the germplasm collections in Brazil and Martinique. The collection has previously been characterized with morphological descriptors but a molecular characterization has been lacking. With this aim, 56 six genotypes of A. comosus and one of Bromelia pinguin were analyzed with a total of 191 AFLP markers. A dendrogram that represents the genetic relationships between these samples based on the AFLP results showed a low level of diversity in the Cuban pineapple collection. All Ananas comosus accessions, being the majority obtained from farmers in different regions in Cuba, are grouped at distances lower than 0.20. Molecular characterization was in line with morphological characterization. These results are useful for breeding and conservation purposes.

  3. Developing Virtual CD-ROM Collections: The Voyager Company Publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geoffrey Brown

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Over the past 20 years, many thousands of CD-ROM titles were published; many of these have lasting cultural significance, yet present a difficult challenge for libraries due to obsolescence of the supporting software and hardware, and the consequent decline in the technical knowledge required to support them. The current trend appears to be one of abandonment – for example, the Indiana University Libraries no longer maintain machines capable of accessing early CD-ROM titles.In previous work, we proposed an access model based upon networked ‘virtual collections’ of CD-ROMs which can enable consortia of libraries to pool the technical expertise necessary to provide continued access to such materials for a geographically sparse base of patrons, who may have limited technical knowledge.In this paper, we extend this idea to CD-ROMs designed to operate on ‘classic’ Macintosh systems with an extensive case study – the catalog of the Voyager Company publications, which was the first major innovator in interactive CD-ROMs. The work described includes emulator extensions to support obsolete CD formats and to enable networked access to the virtual collection.

  4. 77 FR 32661 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Fiscal Year 2012 Disaster Recovery...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Fiscal Year 2012 Disaster Recovery Grant Application and Setup in the Disaster Recovery Grant Reporting System; Emergency... information collection. SUMMARY: The proposed information collection requirement described below has...

  5. 75 FR 30024 - Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission... technology, and (e) ways to further reduce the information collection burden for small business concerns with... for confidentiality with this collection of information. Privacy Impact Assessment: No...

  6. Áreas prioritarias para colectar germoplasma de Amaranthus en México con base en la diversidad y riqueza de especies Priority areas to collect Amaranthus germplasm in Mexico based on diversity and species richness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Espitia Rangel

    Full Text Available Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo utilizar el Sistema de Información Geográfico, para crear mapas de índices de diversidad y riqueza de especies del género Amaranthus en México, para proyectar las mejores áreas de colecta de germoplasma. La máxima riqueza de especies se encontró en el centro occidente del Estado de México incluyendo el Distrito Federal y la costa del Pacífico, entre Jalisco y Colima, así como en Sinaloa. El índice de biodiversidad de Brillouin mostró alta diversidad en la costa del Pacífico, Sinaloa, entre los estados de Jalisco y Colima, además el centro occidente de Nuevo León, la región de la Huasteca del sureste de Tamaulipas y noreste de Veracruz, así como la zona noroeste de la Península de Yucatán. Las áreas prioritarias que se proponen son: la costa central de Sinaloa, sur de la región biogeográfica de Sonora, parte centro occidente del Estado de México incluyendo el Distrito Federal, región biogeográfica del Eje Volcánico Transmexicano y la costa del pacífico centro entre los estados de Jalisco y Colima, finalmente en la región biogeográfica de la costa pacífica mexicana.This investigation had as objective to use the Geographical Information System, to create maps of indexes of diversity and wealth of species of genus Amaranthus in Mexico, to plan the best areas of germplasm collection. The maximum wealth of species was in west center of State of Mexico including Distrito Federal and the Pacific coast, between Jalisco and Colima, as well as in Sinaloa. The Brillouin index of biodiversity showed high diversity in the Pacific coast, Sinaloa, between the states of Jalisco and Colima, also the west center of Nuevo León, the region of Huasteca of southeast of Tamaulipas and northeast of Veracruz, as well as the northwest area of Yucatán Peninsula. The priority areas proposed are: the central coast of Sinaloa, south of biogeographic region of Sonora, west center section of State of Mexico

  7. 75 FR 74049 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Submitted for Review and Approval to the Office...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ..., including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology; and (e) ways.... Further, this information will assist the Commission in preventing companies from circumventing the... COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Submitted for Review and Approval to the...

  8. SNP Typing for Germplasm Identification of Amomum villosum Lour. Based on DNA Barcoding Markers

    OpenAIRE

    Qionglin Huang; Zhonggang Duan; Jinfen Yang; Xinye Ma; Ruoting Zhan; Hui Xu; Weiwen Chen

    2014-01-01

    Amomum villosum Lour., produced from Yangchun, Guangdong Province, China, is a Daodi medicinal material of Amomi Fructus in traditional Chinese medicine. This herb germplasm should be accurately identified and collected to ensure its quality and safety in medication. In the present study, single nucleotide polymorphism typing method was evaluated on the basis of DNA barcoding markers to identify the germplasm of Amomi Fructus. Genomic DNA was extracted from the leaves of 29 landraces represen...

  9. The Power of State Legislatures in Public University Collective Bargaining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henkel, Jan W.; Wood, Norman J.

    1981-01-01

    Discusses the power of state legislatures to veto, in effect, the collective bargaining agreements of faculty unions. Analyzes state statutes authorizing collective bargaining for faculty in higher education. (Author)

  10. 78 FR 57378 - Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Annual Public Water System Compliance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-18

    ... AGENCY Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Annual Public Water System Compliance... Protection Agency is planning to submit an information collection request (ICR), ``Annual Public Water System... primary drinking water regulations in the state. These Annual State Public Water System Compliance...

  11. 76 FR 5376 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-31

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

  12. 78 FR 52769 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

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    2013-08-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

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    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-14

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

  14. 78 FR 20111 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

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    2013-04-03

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

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    2012-08-17

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

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    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... Prevention [60Day-14-0770] Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations In... opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers for Disease Control and... proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans and instruments, call 404-639-7570...

  17. 77 FR 66617 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

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    2012-11-06

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

  18. 78 FR 68846 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

  19. 77 FR 1937 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

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    2012-01-12

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

  20. 77 FR 47394 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

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    2012-08-08

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

  1. 76 FR 29754 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

  2. 78 FR 20112 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

  3. 78 FR 42076 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

  4. 78 FR 70561 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... Prevention [60Day-14-0770] Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations In... opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers for Disease Control and... proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans and instruments, call 404-639-7570...

  5. 76 FR 53402 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Quarterly Survey of Public Pensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ... Census Bureau Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Quarterly Survey of Public Pensions... Quarterly Survey of Public Pensions (formerly known as the Finances of Selected Public Employee Retirement... Council of Economic Advisers and the Federal Reserve Board. The Quarterly Survey of Public Pensions...

  6. 78 FR 41407 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection Activities... Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) announces plans to submit an Information Collection... information collection system, the Reviewer Recruitment Module (RRM). HRSA utilizes an existing web-based...

  7. 76 FR 63983 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations ACTION: 60 Day Notice and..., SBA is seeking public comments on the reporting and recordkeeping requirements that will affect...

  8. 78 FR 2278 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: 2013 American Housing Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-10

    ... conditions and the suitability of public policy initiatives. Academic researchers and private organizations... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: 2013 American...

  9. 78 FR 21708 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Publication 1345

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ...) estimates of capital or start-up costs and costs of operation, maintenance, and purchase of services to.... Current Actions: There are no changes being made to the publication at this time. Type of Review...

  10. Age Analysis of Public Library Collections. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Danny P.; And Others

    The use of information regarding the ages of library items is a standard component of many approaches to weeding library collections, and has a long history in the literature of collection management. Current and past approaches to using aging information to make weeding decisions make use of very arbitrary decision criteria. This study examined…

  11. A Discussion on Possible Indicators Related to Genetic Structure Changes in Plant Germplasm Conservation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAI Jun-yi

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of the present paper is to study and develop indicators and procedures for the evaluation of genetic structure changes in germplasm conservation due to social and natural environment reasons.Some basic concepts in germplasm study were introduced at first. Then, six kinds of indicators for genetic diversity as a measure of genetic potential of a germplasm collection were presented, i.e.,numbers of different entities at certain level, evenness of the entity distribution, genetic similarityand genetic distance, genetic variance and genetic coefficient of variation, multivariate genetic variation indices, and coefficient of parentage. It was pointed out that genetic dispersion did not provide a complete concept of genetic diversity if without any information from genetic richness. Based on the above, the indicators for genetic erosion as the genetic structure changes of germplasm conservation due to social reasons, the indicators of genetic vulnerability as the genetic structure changes of germplasm conservation due to environmental stresses, the measurement of genetic drift and genetic shift as the genetic structure changes of germplasm collection during reproduction or seed increase were reviewed and developed. Furthermore, the estimation procedures of the indicators by using molecular markers were suggested. Finally, the case studies on suitable conservation sample size of self-pollinated and open-pollinated populations were given for reference.

  12. 78 FR 65325 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... prevention, develop and advocate sound public health policies, implement prevention strategies, promote... requesting a three-year approval for a generic clearance to collect information related to domestic...

  13. 78 FR 77469 - Emergency Clearance: Public Information Collection Requirements Submitted to the Office of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ... likely cause public harm. 1. Type of Information Collection Request: New collection (request for a new... lowest cost bronze plans to appropriately account for CSR calculations for American Indians and...

  14. 75 FR 8983 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Housing Counseling Outcomes Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Housing Counseling... appropriate automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology (e.g., permitting...: Housing Counseling Outcomes Study. Description of the need for the information and proposed use:...

  15. 75 FR 16160 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Allocation of Operating Subsidies...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Allocation of Operating Subsidies Under the Operating Fund Formula: Data Collection AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for... lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Allocation of Operating Subsidies Under...

  16. 77 FR 52051 - Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Electronic Stakeholder Survey-Office for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-28

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Electronic Stakeholder Survey... Stakeholder Survey. OMB Control Number: XXXX-pending. Description of the need for the information and proposed use: The Electronic Stakeholder Survey is necessary to collect information for demonstrating...

  17. 78 FR 47813 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-06

    ... quality of the collections, to Carol Fendler, Supervisor System Accountant, Office of Investment, Small... CONTACT: Carol Fendler, Supervisor System Accountant, 202-205-7559 carol.fendler@sba.gov Curtis B....

  18. Using Public Participation to Improve MELs Energy Data Collection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheung, Iris (Hoi Ying); Kloss, Margarita; Brown, Rich; Meier, Alan

    2014-03-11

    Miscellaneous Electric Loads (MELs) have proliferated in the last decade, and comprise an increasing share of building energy consumption. Because of the diversity of MELs and our lack of understanding about how people use them, large-scale data collection is needed to inform meaningful energy reduction strategies. Traditional methods of data collection, however, usually incur high labor and metering equipment expenses. As an alternative, this paper investigates the feasibility of crowdsourcing data collection to satisfy at least part of the data collection needs with acceptable accuracy. This study assessed the reliability and accuracy of crowdsourced data, by recruiting over 20 volunteers (from the 2012 Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Open House event) to test our crowdsourcing protocol. The protocol asked volunteers to perform the following tasks for three test products with increasing complexity - record power meter and product characteristics, identify all power settings available, and report the measured power. Based on our collected data and analysis, we concluded that volunteers performed reasonably well for devices with functionalities with which they are familiar, and might not produce highly accurate field measurements for complex devices. Accuracy will likely improve when participants are measuring the power used by devices in their home which they know how to operate, by providing more specific instructions including instructional videos. When integrated with existing programs such as the Home Energy Saver tool, crowdsourcing data collection from individual homeowners has the potential to generate a substantial amount of information about MELs energy use in homes.

  19. 78 FR 27259 - Information Collection; Request for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... Respondent: 1. Frequency of Response: Annually. Needs and Uses: Reports from auditors to auditees and reports... the general public and Federal agencies to comment on a revision of an approved information form (SF-SAC) that is used to report audit results, audit findings, and questioned costs as required by the...

  20. Publicly Accessible Art Collections in Copenhagen during the Napoleonic Era

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svenningsen, Jesper

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the increasing accessibility of private galleries in Copenhagen during the early years of the nineteenth century, which formed an important prelude to the formation of a formal public art gallery in 1824-25. After a period of gradually increasing openness of a few private c...

  1. Towards sustainable public FM: collective building of capabilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramskov Galamba, Kirsten; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Public facilities management (FM) is in the unique position of aligning building projects and FM with the policies of sustainable development at societal level. However, sustainable facilities management (SFM) is an emergent profession, and there is a need to build a code of conduct for S...

  2. 78 FR 69698 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ..., American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall... collection of information; to search data sources; to complete and review the collection of information;...

  3. Using Public Participation to Improve MELs Energy Data Collection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kloss, Margarita; Cheung, Iris [Hoi; Brown, Richard; Meier, Alan

    2014-08-11

    Miscellaneous and electronic loads (MELs) comprise an increasing share of building energy consumption. Large-scale data collection is needed to inform meaningful energy reduction strategies because of the diversity of MELs and our lack of understanding about how people use them. Traditional methods of data collection, however, usually incur high labor and metering equipment expenses. As an alternative, this paper investigates the feasibility of crowdsourcing data collection to satisfy at least part of the data collection needs with acceptable accuracy. We assessed the reliability and accuracy of crowd-sourced data by recruiting 18 volunteers and testing our crowdsourcing protocol. The protocol asked volunteers to perform measurement tasks for three MELs devices of increasing complexity 1) record power meter and MELs product characteristics, 2) identify and measure all power modes available, and 3) report the measured power. Volunteers performed reasonably well for devices with functionalities with which they were familiar, but many could not correctly identify all available power modes in complex devices. Accuracy may improve when participants measure the power used by familiar devices in their home, or by providing more specific instructions, e.g. videos. Furthermore, crowdsourcing data collection from individual homeowners has the potential to generate valuable information about MELs energy use in homes when integrated with existing programs such as Home Energy Saver and Building America.

  4. 76 FR 13184 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ... opportunity to comment on the following information collection(s), as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act... information collection burden on small business concerns with fewer than 25 employees. The FCC may not conduct... Obligations; Section 76.1614, Identification of Must-Carry Signals. Type of Review: Extension of a...

  5. Nuclear power and the public: analysis of collected survey research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melber, B.D.; Nealey, S.M.; Hammersla, J.; Rankin, W.L.

    1977-11-01

    This executive summary highlights the major findings of a comprehensive synthesis and analysis of over 100 existing surveys dealing with public attitudes toward nuclear power issues. Questions of immediate policy relevance to the nuclear debate are posed and answered on the basis of these major findings. For each issue area, those sections of the report in which more-detailed discussion and presentation of relevant data may be found are indicated.

  6. A Collection of Slides on Rural Development and Public Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Debertin, David L.

    2013-01-01

    The slides that follow provide an introduction to rural economic development and public policy. I have scanned the original slides and inserted them into modern PDF and PowerPoint presentations. Some of the hand-made charts have older data, but could be easily updated. These color slides were created in 1979-1980, before the widespread use of personal computers and computer graphics. Programs such as Harvard Graphics were unavailable, let alone in PowerPoint. The Department of Agricultural Ec...

  7. 75 FR 76393 - Notice of Request for a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-08

    ... Collection (Public Health Information System) AGENCY: Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION... Information System. DATES: Comments on this notice must be received on or before February 7, 2011. ADDRESSES...: Public Health Information System (PHIS). Type of Request: New information collection. Abstract: FSIS has...

  8. 78 FR 56910 - Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Impact of Housing and Services Interventions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-16

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Impact of Housing and Services... collection of information. The purpose of this notice is to allow for 60 days of public comment. DATES... available information. Persons with hearing or speech impairments may access this number through TTY by...

  9. 76 FR 46813 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers... participants with the information, motivation, and skills necessary to reduce their risk of transmitting...

  10. 76 FR 36163 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-21

    ... ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations ACTION: Notice and request for... enhance the quality of the collection, to Veronica Dymond, Public Affairs Specialist, Office of... eligibility, potential conflict-of-interest and mailing data. Title: ``U.S. Small Business Advisory...

  11. 78 FR 42075 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers...-funding awareness and commitment data which, along with other data sources (i.e., changes in...

  12. 78 FR 59942 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection: Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ...: The Stem Cell Therapeutic and Research Act of 2005, Public Law (Pub. L.) 109-129, as amended by the Stem Cell Therapeutic and Research Reauthorization Act of 2010, Public Law 111-264 (the Act), provides... research. HRSA's Healthcare Systems Bureau has established the Stem Cell Therapeutic Outcomes Database...

  13. 78 FR 76696 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... quality of the collection, to John Wade, Financial Analyst, Office of Financial Assistance, Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street, 8th Floor, Washington, DC 20416. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: John Wade, Financial Analyst, 202-205- 3647, john.wade@sba.gov ; Curtis B. Rich, Management Analyst, 202-205- 7030...

  14. 78 FR 32234 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection: Public Health...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ... Collection: Public Health Information System--Animal Disposition Reporting AGENCY: Food Safety and Inspection... meat, poultry, exotic animal, and rabbit slaughter for the Public Health Information System--Animal..., South Building, Washington, DC 20250; (202) 720-0345. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public...

  15. 77 FR 50149 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Moving to Work Demonstration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-20

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Moving to Work Demonstration: Revision to Form HUD 50058 MTW AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Public and Indian... Indian Housing, Moving to Work (MTW) Demonstration program which includes Public Housing, Section...

  16. 78 FR 45200 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-26

    ... Program. The evaluation is designed to determine best practices and gender responsive strategies for at.... Darius Taylor, Deputy Information Collection Clearance Officer. BILLING CODE 4150-33-P ...

  17. 76 FR 24878 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-03

    ... mobile radio service stations with the public switched telephone network as follows: (1) Pursuant to 47... telephone service must maintain cost sharing records, the costs must be distributed at least once a...

  18. Developing single nucleotide polymorphism markers for the identification of pineapple (Ananas comosus) germplasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Lin; Matsumoto, Tracie; Tan, Hua-Wei; Meinhardt, Lyndel W; Mischke, Sue; Wang, Boyi; Zhang, Dapeng

    2015-01-01

    Pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) is the third most important tropical fruit in the world after banana and mango. As a crop with vegetative propagation, genetic redundancy is a major challenge for efficient genebank management and in breeding. Using expressed sequence tag and nucleotide sequences from public databases, we developed 213 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers and validated 96 SNPs by genotyping the United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service pineapple germplasm collection, maintained in Hilo, Hawaii. The validation resulted in designation of a set of 57 polymorphic SNP markers that revealed a high rate of duplicates in this pineapple collection. Twenty-four groups of duplicates were detected, encompassing 130 of the total 170 A cosmos accessions. The results show that somatic mutation has been the main source of intra-cultivar variations in pineapple. Multivariate clustering and a model-based population stratification suggest that the modern pineapple cultivars are comprised of progenies that are derived from different wild Ananas botanical varieties. Parentage analysis further revealed that both A. comosus var. bracteatus and A. comosus var. ananassoides are likely progenitors of pineapple cultivars. However, the traditional classification of cultivated pineapple into horticultural groups (e.g. 'Cayenne', 'Spanish', 'Queen') was not well supported by the present study. These SNP markers provide robust and universally comparable DNA fingerprints; thus, they can serve as an efficient genotyping tool to assist pineapple germplasm management, propagation of planting material, and pineapple cultivar protection. The high rate of genetic redundancy detected in this pineapple collection suggests the potential impact of applying this technology on other clonally propagated perennial crops.

  19. 75 FR 63472 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    ... Engineering and Technology (OET), the Office of Strategic Planning and Policy Analysis (OSPPA) and the... collection techniques or other forms of information technology; and (e) ways to further reduce the... to collect information on the type of technology used to provide broadband to consumers, the price of...

  20. 78 FR 63980 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... train personnel and to be able to respond to a collection of information, to search data sources, to... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed...

  1. 78 FR 75353 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection: Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... information; to search data sources; to complete and review the collection of information; and to transmit or... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection...

  2. 76 FR 10030 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    ... or in exchange for financial consideration, that party must file with the Commission a request for... technology, and (e) ways to further reduce the information collection burden for small business concerns with... Informal Objections. Type of Review: Extension of a currently approved collection. Respondents: Business or...

  3. 78 FR 42088 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection: Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection Activities... communications materials, facilitating the sharing of best practices, leveraging the influence of national... allows hospitals to list additional activities will help to identify best practices that can be shared...

  4. 75 FR 26959 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-13

    ... technology, and (e) ways to further reduce the information collection burden for small business concerns with... the harmful interference, equipment failure, and logging of distress and safety calls where...

  5. 78 FR 77136 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection: Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ..., certified nurse-midwives, clinical nurse specialists), dedicated to working at eligible health care... information for NURSE Corps LRP applicants and participants. The information is used to consider an applicant... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection...

  6. 76 FR 64092 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request, Title: Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... survey forms used to measure customer satisfaction against standards for performance and customer service, and generally gauge and make improvements to disaster services that increase customer satisfaction... commitment to improving service delivery. The information collected from customers and stakeholders will...

  7. 78 FR 15725 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-12

    ... Women's Health, (OWH) Coordinating Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual and Transgender (LGBT) Issues has prioritized the collection of health data on LGBT populations. In response, OWH funded an...

  8. 78 FR 17209 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ... (HHS) Coordinating Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual and Transgender (LGBT) Issues has prioritized the collection of health data on LGBT populations. In response, OWH funded an initiative to identify...

  9. 78 FR 17674 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-22

    ... Services (HHS) Coordinating Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual and Transgender (LGBT) Issues have prioritized the collection of health data on LGBT populations. In response, OWH funded an initiative to...

  10. 78 FR 17675 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-22

    ...) Coordinating Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual and Transgender (LGBT) Issues have prioritized the collection of health data on LGBT populations. In response, OWH funded an initiative to identify and test...

  11. 78 FR 18982 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ...) Coordinating Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual and Transgender (LGBT) Issues have prioritized the collection of health data on LGBT populations. In response, OWH funded an initiative to identify and test...

  12. 76 FR 3887 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Submitted for Review and Approval to the Office...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-21

    ... information collection request (ICR) submitted to OMB: (1) Go to the Web page http://reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain , (2) look for the section of the Web page called ``Currently Under Review'', (3) click on the... set-top devices linked by a control system that provides functionality equivalent to that of a...

  13. 75 FR 66097 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Submitted for Review and Approval to the Office...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-27

    ....gov . To view a copy of this information collection request (ICR) submitted to OMB: (1) Go to the Web page http://reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain , (2) look for the section of the Web page called ``Currently... about the functionality and the limitations of their handsets in two specific situations. First,...

  14. Collecting and evaluation of germplasm of spiked pepper from Brazilian Amazon Pimenta-de-macaco: coleta e avaliação de germoplasma na Amazônia Brasileira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Maria D Gaia

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Spiked pepper (Piper aduncum L. is an aromatic plant species with high essential oil production. It is a species that occurs abundantly in the Brazilian Amazon. Its essential oil has exploitable biological properties in the human health and agriculture. Aiming to study its germplasm toward future use in genetic breeding programs, collecting was carried out (inflorescences, cuttings, leaves and thin branches in ten provenances from the Brazilian Amazon. Twelve morphoagronomic traits were determined to take the data: number of leaves by branch, length of leaf, width of the leaf, circumference of the older branch, height of the plant, number of orthotropic branches, number of plageotropic branches, length of the internodes, number of spikes per branches, yielding of oil, content and production of dillapiole, as well as data on the environment and populations of spiked pepper. The inflorescences and cuttings were encoded and sent for the Federal Rural University from Pará State (UFRA, Brazil, for propagation. The leaves and thin branches were sent for the Emílio Goeldi Museum, from Pará State (MPEG for extraction of essential oil (hydrodistillation. Estimators of amplitude of variation, mean, standard deviation and coefficient of variation were utilized to study the phenotypical variability. The morphoagronomic traits of largest variability were number of orthotropic branches, number of spikes per branch, circumference of the older branch and the content and production of dillapiole. This species has adapted to many different environments of vegetation, soil, climate, relief and drainage becomming easy the domestication and cropping. There is morphoagronomic variability pleasing the selection and genetic breeding.Piper aduncum L. é uma planta que ocorre na Amazônia Brasileira com elevado teor de óleo essencial e que apresenta propriedades biológicas utilizáveis na agricultura e saúde humana. Com o objetivo de avaliar germoplasma visando ao

  15. 77 FR 56857 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Mortgage Program and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    ... order for HAs to be approved for a mortgage or security interest in any public housing real estate or... HUD for approval to allow PHAs to grant a mortgage in public housing real estate or a security... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING...

  16. Initial experiences utilizing exotic landrace germplasm in an upland cotton breeding program

    Science.gov (United States)

    A critical objective of plant breeding programs is accessing new sources of genetic variation. In upland cotton, one of the relatively untapped sources of genetic variation is maintained in the USDA-ARS cotton germplasm collection and is the exotic landrace collection. Photoperiod sensitivity is a m...

  17. 75 FR 37800 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-30

    ... benefit from the announced plans of some commercial carriers to begin construction of LTE-based networks... and testing of public safety 700 MHz LTE broadband equipment. This is important to ensure that, early... equipment development for LTE, we emphasize that diligent pursuit of deployment is expected. In this...

  18. 75 FR 67363 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-02

    ...) providers newly identified in the First Report and Order in this proceeding were required to file system... interconnected VoIP providers, must file updates to their systems security statements on file with the Commission... system filings and petitions will not be made routinely available for public inspection. Section...

  19. 78 FR 79446 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-30

    ... general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on the following information... Administrator, or a state commission may draft a request to the auditor stating the reason for the request, such... ICLS to those carriers. Line count data is reported on FCC Form 507. Projected cost data, including...

  20. 78 FR 14959 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Request for Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... support practices at WIC local agencies and clinics. The WIC Program provides breastfeeding promotion and... breastfeeding services and support. Section 231 of the Healthy, Hunger- Free Kids Act of 2010, Public Law 111... agencies and clinics that demonstrate exemplary breastfeeding promotion and support activities. DATES...

  1. 76 FR 21739 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ...; (k) For commercial radio and TV broadcast stations and non-exempt NCE broadcast stations, a list of... the public file quarterly; (l) For Commercial radio stations, a list of community issues addressed by... within 7 days of the last day of broadcast; (o) Commercial radio and TV licensees who provide...

  2. Indian plant germplasm on the global platter: an analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sherry R Jacob

    Full Text Available Food security is a global concern amongst scientists, researchers and policy makers. No country is self-sufficient to address food security issues independently as almost all countries are inter-dependent for availability of plant genetic resources (PGR in their national crop improvement programmes. Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research (CGIAR; in short CG centres play an important role in conserving and distributing PGR through their genebanks. CG genebanks assembled the germplasm through collecting missions and acquisition the same from national genebanks of other countries. Using the Genesys Global Portal on Plant Genetic Resources, the World Information and Early Warning System (WIEWS on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and other relevant databases, we analysed the conservation status of Indian-origin PGR accessions (both cultivated and wild forms possessed by India in CG genebanks and other national genebanks, including the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA genebanks, which can be considered as an indicator of Indian contribution to the global germplasm collection. A total of 28,027,770 accessions are being conserved world-wide by 446 organizations represented in Genesys; of these, 3.78% (100,607 are Indian-origin accessions. Similarly, 62,920 Indian-origin accessions (8.73% have been conserved in CG genebanks which are accessible to the global research community for utilization in their respective crop improvement programmes. A total of 60 genebanks including 11 CG genebanks have deposited 824,625 accessions of PGR in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault (SGSV as safety duplicates; the average number of accessions deposited by each genebank is 13,744, and amongst them there are 66,339 Indian-origin accessions. In principle, India has contributed 4.85 times the number of germplasm accessions to SGSV, in comparison to the mean value (13,744 of any individual genebank including CG genebanks. More

  3. Indian plant germplasm on the global platter: an analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacob, Sherry R; Tyagi, Vandana; Agrawal, Anuradha; Chakrabarty, Shyamal K; Tyagi, Rishi K

    2015-01-01

    Food security is a global concern amongst scientists, researchers and policy makers. No country is self-sufficient to address food security issues independently as almost all countries are inter-dependent for availability of plant genetic resources (PGR) in their national crop improvement programmes. Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research (CGIAR; in short CG) centres play an important role in conserving and distributing PGR through their genebanks. CG genebanks assembled the germplasm through collecting missions and acquisition the same from national genebanks of other countries. Using the Genesys Global Portal on Plant Genetic Resources, the World Information and Early Warning System (WIEWS) on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and other relevant databases, we analysed the conservation status of Indian-origin PGR accessions (both cultivated and wild forms possessed by India) in CG genebanks and other national genebanks, including the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) genebanks, which can be considered as an indicator of Indian contribution to the global germplasm collection. A total of 28,027,770 accessions are being conserved world-wide by 446 organizations represented in Genesys; of these, 3.78% (100,607) are Indian-origin accessions. Similarly, 62,920 Indian-origin accessions (8.73%) have been conserved in CG genebanks which are accessible to the global research community for utilization in their respective crop improvement programmes. A total of 60 genebanks including 11 CG genebanks have deposited 824,625 accessions of PGR in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault (SGSV) as safety duplicates; the average number of accessions deposited by each genebank is 13,744, and amongst them there are 66,339 Indian-origin accessions. In principle, India has contributed 4.85 times the number of germplasm accessions to SGSV, in comparison to the mean value (13,744) of any individual genebank including CG genebanks. More importantly

  4. 75 FR 47809 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-09

    ... of Management and Budget, via fax at 202-395-5167 or via the Internet at Nicholas_A._Fraser@omb.eop...: The Commission will submit this expiring information collection to the Office of Management and Budget... with an effective radiated power (ERP) exceeding 50 W PEP on the 60 m band. For the purpose...

  5. 77 FR 6137 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Data Collection for Full Housing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ... provided by the study team on their work activities over a two-month period (40 working days). Responding... the current OMB request, the research team proposes three main types of data collection: (1) Measuring... understand how smaller agencies administer the HCV program effectively without the benefit of economies...

  6. 78 FR 19709 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    .... Information Collection Request Title: Evaluation of Implementation of the Viral Hepatitis Action Plan. Abstract: In response to the viral hepatitis epidemic in the United States, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released the Action Plan for the Prevention, Care, and Treatment of Viral Hepatitis...

  7. 75 FR 75463 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-03

    ..., including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology; and (e) ways... certification for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Equipment to register the location of the equipment... the equipment. The improved RFID equipment could benefit commercial shippers and have significant...

  8. 76 FR 2379 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-13

    ... soon as possible. ADDRESSES: Submit all PRA comments to Nicholas A. Fraser, Office of Management and...-mail send them to: PRA@fcc.gov . To view a copy of this information collection request (ICR) submitted... the right of the ``Select Agency'' box and (6) when the list of FCC ICRs currently under...

  9. 75 FR 69443 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ... Telecommunications Companies. Form No.: N/A. Type of Review: Extension of a currently approved collection... use; Account 6563, Amortization expense--tangible; Account 6564, Amortization expense--intangible; and ] Account 6565, Amortization expense--other. These accounting changes are mandatory only for Class...

  10. 78 FR 58538 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    ... administered by the Office of Adolescent Health (OAH). PAF provides funding to States and Tribes to provide... includes the time needed to review instructions, to develop, acquire, install and utilize technology and... techniques or other forms of information technology to minimize the information collection burden. Keith A...

  11. 75 FR 28806 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... estimate; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information collected; (d) ways to... via email to PRA@fcc.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Judith B. Herman, Office of Managing... Service - Schools and Libraries Universal Service Program. Form Nos.: FCC Forms 470 and 471. Type...

  12. 75 FR 34738 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-18

    ... estimate; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information collected; (d) ways to... via email to PRA@fcc.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Judith B. Herman, Office of Managing... libraries that are eligible to receive discounted Internet ] access and internal connections have in...

  13. 75 FR 4594 - Proposed Data Collection(s) Available for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-28

    ... relinquish any rights held to such jobs. A disabled employee does not need to relinquish employee rights.... Title and Purpose of Information Collection Application for Employee Annuity Under the Railroad... and service, disability, and supplemental annuities to qualified employees. An annuity cannot be...

  14. 77 FR 35683 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Public Health...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-14

    ... Xenotransplantation AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug... in Xenotransplantation,'' dated January 19, 2001. DATES: Submit either electronic or written comments... Xenotransplantation--(OMB Control Number 0910-0456)--Extension The statutory authority to collect this information...

  15. Molecular diversity and association mapping of fiber quality traits in exotic G. hirsutum L. germplasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdurakhmonov, I Y; Kohel, R J; Yu, J Z; Pepper, A E; Abdullaev, A A; Kushanov, F N; Salakhutdinov, I B; Buriev, Z T; Saha, S; Scheffler, B E; Jenkins, J N; Abdukarimov, A

    2008-12-01

    The narrow genetic base of cultivated cotton germplasm is hindering the cotton productivity worldwide. Although potential genetic diversity exists in Gossypium genus, it is largely 'underutilized' due to photoperiodism and the lack of innovative tools to overcome such challenges. The application of linkage disequilibrium (LD)-based association mapping is an alternative powerful molecular tool to dissect and exploit the natural genetic diversity conserved within cotton germplasm collections, greatly accelerating still 'lagging' cotton marker-assisted selection (MAS) programs. However, the extent of genome-wide linkage disequilibrium (LD) has not been determined in cotton. We report the extent of genome-wide LD and association mapping of fiber quality traits by using a 95 core set of microsatellite markers in a total of 285 exotic Gossypium hirsutum accessions, comprising of 208 landrace stocks and 77 photoperiodic variety accessions. We demonstrated the existence of useful genetic diversity within exotic cotton germplasm. In this germplasm set, 11-12% of SSR loci pairs revealed a significant LD. At the significance threshold (r(2)>/=0.1), a genome-wide average of LD declines within the genetic distance at 30 cM in variety germplasm. Genome wide LD at r(2)>/=0.2 was reduced on average to approximately 1-2 cM in the landrace stock germplasm and 6-8 cM in variety germplasm, providing evidence of the potential for association mapping of agronomically important traits in cotton. We observed significant population structure and relatedness in assayed germplasm. Consequently, the application of the mixed liner model (MLM), considering both kinship (K) and population structure (Q) detected between 6% and 13% of SSR markers associated with the main fiber quality traits in cotton. Our results highlight for the first time the feasibility and potential of association mapping, with consideration of the population structure and stratification existing in cotton germplasm

  16. 75 FR 53310 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-31

    ... (CDI) Surveillance--New--National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, (NCEZID... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed...

  17. 77 FR 74024 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Emergency Solutions Grant Data...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Emergency Solutions...: Emergency Solutions Grants Program Record Keeping Requirements. Description of the need for the information... Solutions Grants (ESG) program recipients will be expected to implement and retain. This submission...

  18. 75 FR 62896 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations ACTION: Notice and request for... making timely payments on existing business data. Title: ``America's Recovery Capital (ARC) Loan...

  19. 77 FR 74544 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations ACTION: 60 Day Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this...

  20. 77 FR 12901 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations ACTION: 60 Day Notice and request for comments. 8(a) Business Development Program. SUMMARY: In accordance with the...

  1. 77 FR 46550 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations ACTION: 60 Day Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this...

  2. 78 FR 5554 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations ACTION: 60 Day Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this...

  3. Increasing public debt collection with nudging: Results of two natural field experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Holm; Nielsen, Lisbeth Fyhn; Rasmussen, Stephan

    2017-01-01

    Using two natural field experiments, we tested whether nudging could contribute as a cost-free instrument to increase voluntary public debt collection. We manipulated standard reminder notices sent to two samples (N = 396 and N = 549) with public debt in a municipality in Denmark, a country...

  4. 76 FR 51049 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Public Housing Admissions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-17

    ... following information: Title of Proposal: Public Housing Admissions/Occupancy Policies. OMB Approval Number... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Public Housing Admissions/Occupancy Policies AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD. ACTION: Notice....

  5. 76 FR 45281 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Admissions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-28

    ...: Public Housing Admissions/Occupancy Policies. OMB Approval Number: 2577-0220. Form Numbers: None... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Admissions/Occupancy Policies AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD. ACTION: Notice....

  6. 76 FR 61376 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Tribal Colleges and University...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ...: Tribal College and Universities Program. OMB Control Number: 2528-0215. Description of the Need for the... Affected Public: Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCU) that meet the definition of a TCU established in... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Tribal Colleges...

  7. 76 FR 27658 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Tribal Colleges and University...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-12

    ...: Tribal College and Universities Program. OMB Control Number: 2528-0215. Description of the Need for the... Public: Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCU) that meet the definition of a TCU established in Title III... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Tribal Colleges...

  8. The operations and effectiveness of public and private provision of solid waste collection services in Kampala

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Katusiimeh, M.W.; Mol, A.P.J.; Burger, C.P.J.

    2012-01-01

    This paper compares the operations and discusses the effectiveness of public and private sector provision of solid waste collection in Kampala, Uganda. Household data suggest that the private sector is more effective than the public sector. Private sector companies provide services like container pr

  9. 77 FR 42323 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Screening and Eviction for Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Screening and Eviction for Drug Abuse and Other... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Screening and Eviction for Drug Abuse and Other Criminal Activity AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Public...

  10. 75 FR 41509 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; LOCCS Voice Response System Payment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-16

    ... System Payment Vouchers for Public and Indian Housing Programs AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary... Payment Vouchers for Public and Indian Housing Programs. OMB Control Number: 2577-0166. Agency form number... voice activated system. The information collected on the payment voucher will also be used as...

  11. 78 FR 79476 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Applications for HUD...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-30

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Applications for... is soliciting public comments on the subject proposal. DATES: Comment Due Date: February 28, 2014... hearing or speech impairments may access this number through TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Relay...

  12. 76 FR 3887 - Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-21

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission... general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on the following information...: Telecommunications Relay Services and Speech-to-Speech Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech Disabilities...

  13. 76 FR 81520 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Rural Housing Stability Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-28

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Rural Housing Stability... soliciting public comments on the subject proposal. DATES: Comments Due Date: February 27, 2012. ADDRESSES... hearing or speech impairments may access this number through TTY by calling the toll-free Federal...

  14. 77 FR 24214 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Continuum of Care Homeless...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-23

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Continuum of Care... (OMB) for review, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act. The Department is soliciting public... for a copy of proposed forms, or other available information. Persons with hearing or speech...

  15. 76 FR 1433 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Description NCHHSTP has the primary responsibility within the CDC and the U.S. Public Health Service for the.... Remarkable progress has been made in preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV in recent years...

  16. 77 FR 4045 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... Public Law 91-596, Section 20 and 22 (section 20-22, Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970), NIOSH... immigrants is highlighted by data from Bureau of Labor Statistics indicating that significant...

  17. 75 FR 9901 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-04

    ...) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection... conditions but may not accurately reflect conditions of actual use, moreover, public health data have not... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [60Day-10-0736) Proposed Data...

  18. An interdisciplinary space of scientific communication in Collective (Public) Health: the journal interface - Communication, Health, Education

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This is a reflection upon 17 years of experience in the production of an interdisciplinary scientific journal, the publication “Interface: Communication, Health, Education,” whose scope is in the fields of Collective (Public) Health, Education and Communication. It also examines retrospectively the themes published by the journal, seeking to identify them in different sections of this publication. Finally, the evolution of the journal is analyzed. Faz-se uma reflexão sobre a experiência de...

  19. Investigation and Analysis of Genetic Diversity of Diospyros Germplasms Using SCoT Molecular Markers in Guangxi.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Libao Deng

    Full Text Available Knowledge about genetic diversity and relationships among germplasms could be an invaluable aid in diospyros improvement strategies.This study was designed to analyze the genetic diversity and relationship of local and natural varieties in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China using start codon targeted polymorphism (SCoT markers. The accessions of 95 diospyros germplasms belonging to four species Diospyros kaki Thunb, D. oleifera Cheng, D. kaki var. silverstris Mak, and D. lotus Linn were collected from different eco-climatic zones in Guangxi and were analyzed using SCoT markers.Results indicated that the accessions of 95 diospyros germplasms could be distinguished using SCoT markers, and were divided into three groups at similarity coefficient of 0.608; these germplasms that belong to the same species were clustered together; of these, the degree of genetic diversity of the natural D. kaki var. silverstris Mak population was richest among the four species; the geographical distance showed that the 12 natural populations of D. kaki var. silverstris Mak were divided into two groups at similarity coefficient of 0.19. Meanwhile, in order to further verify the stable and useful of SCoT markers in diospyros germplasms, SSR markers were also used in current research to analyze the genetic diversity and relationship in the same diospyros germplasms. Once again, majority of germplasms that belong to the same species were clustered together. Thus SCoT markers were stable and especially useful for analysis of the genetic diversity and relationship in diospyros germplasms.The molecular characterization and diversity assessment of diospyros were very important for conservation of diospyros germplasm resources, meanwhile for diospyros improvement.

  20. 76 FR 18772 - Notice of Extension of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... information: Title of Proposal: Public Housing Financial Management Template. OMB Control Number: 2535-0107... Financial Standards Rule (24 CFR part 5, subpart H) and the continued implementation of asset management... housing agencies (PHAs) use to annually submit electronically financial information to HUD. HUD uses the...

  1. 76 FR 23326 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-26

    ... Administration (TSA) invites public comment on one currently approved information collection requirement, Office... TSA now seeks the maximum three-year approval. The collection involves the submission of identifying... to the TSA PRA Officer, Office of Information Technology (OIT), TSA-11, Transportation...

  2. 75 FR 73132 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests: Public Demand for Museum and Library Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-29

    ... transforming information overload into knowledge. IMLS provides leadership and funding for the nation's museums... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests: Public Demand for Museum... Foundation for the Arts and the Humanities. ACTION: Notice, request for comments, collection of information...

  3. 75 FR 39950 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Cancer Trials Support Unit (CTSU) Public Use Forms and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    ... Unit (CTSU) Public Use Forms and Customer Satisfaction Surveys (NCI) SUMMARY: In compliance with the... and Use of Information Collection: CTSU collects annual surveys of customer satisfaction for clinical...: 2 CTSU Web Site Customer 250 10-15 0.2500 1.00 63 Satisfaction Survey. 3 CTSU Helpdesk Customer 300...

  4. Using the CREW Method to Enhance Public and School Library Collections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boon, Belinda

    2009-01-01

    Now, more than ever, public and school libraries struggle to main- tain their relevance in the age of instant access, electronic databases, and Google. While print collections continue to grow, many collections are drowning in obsolete, unused, and unwanted materials. And while most libraries keep up with deselection in an intelligent manner, many…

  5. 76 FR 23328 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Indian Community Development Block...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-26

    ... HUD in monitoring grants to ensure that grantees are making proper use of Federal dollars. ICDBG... Development Block Grant Information Collection AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Public and Indian...: Indian Community Development Block Grant Information Collection. OMB Control Number: 2577-0191...

  6. 75 FR 149 - Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-04

    ... quantify the effects of policy proposals. Federal Communications Commission. Alethea Lewis, Information... No: E9-31156] FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection Being... technology, and (e) ways to further reduce the information collection burden for small business concerns...

  7. Evaluation of Watermelon Germplasm for Resistance to Phytophthora Blight Caused by Phytophthora capsici

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min-Jeong Kim

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the Phytophthora rot resistance of 514 accessions of watermelon germplasm, Citrullus lanatus var lanatus. About 46% of the 514 accessions tested were collections from Uzbekistan, Turkey, China, U.S.A., and Ukraine. Phytophthora capsici was inoculated to 45-day-old watermelon seedlings by drenching with 5 ml of sporangial suspension (10⁶ sporangia/ml. At 7 days after inoculation, 21 accessions showed no disease symptoms while 291 accessions of susceptible watermelon germplasm showed more than 60.1% disease severity. A total of 510 accessions of watermelon germplasm showed significant disease symptoms and were rated as susceptible to highly susceptible 35 days after inoculation. The highly susceptible watermelon germplasm exhibited white fungal hyphae on the lesion or damping off with water-soaked and browning symptoms. One accession (IT032840 showed moderate resistance and two accessions (IT185446 and IT187904 were resistant to P. capsici. Results suggest that these two resistant germplasm can be used as a rootstock and as a source of resistance in breeding resistant watermelon varieties against Phytophthora.

  8. PUBLIC INTEREST IN COLLECTIVE BARGAINING IN THE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTORS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    SHAW, LEE C.

    COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AND LABOR UNION STRENGTH HAVE GIVEN RISE TO TWO SERIOUS CHALLENGES FACING PRIVATE ENTERPRISE, INFLATION AND INTERFERENCE WITH MANAGERIAL AUTHORITY. IN RECENT YEARS, THE COST OF LIVING HAS AVERAGED AN INCREASE OF FOUR PERCENT PER YEAR WHILE LABOR COSTS HAVE ACHIEVED AN ANNUAL RATE OF INCREASE OF OVER SIX PERCENT. AT THE SAME…

  9. Germplasm Management in the Post-genomics Era-a case study with lettuce

    Science.gov (United States)

    High-throughput genotyping platforms and next-generation sequencing technologies revolutionized our ways in germplasm characterization. In collaboration with UC Davis Genome Center, we completed a project of genotyping the entire cultivated lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) collection of 1,066 accessions ...

  10. Performance and phenology of wild black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis L.) germplasm in a common garden

    Science.gov (United States)

    A lack of genetic diversity in cultivated black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis L.) germplasm has been widely recognized as a major factor limiting progress towards breeding improved cultivars. Despite this, little effort has been made since the early twentieth century to systematically collect and ev...

  11. Comparative diversity analysis of southeastern Rubus germplasm through molecular and pedigree techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    The North Carolina Rubus germplasm collection contains hundreds of diverse blackberry, raspberry, and black raspberry (Rubus L.)selections, among which intra- and interspecific crosses were made to achieve breeding goals for expanding commercial production in the Southeast. For over 50 years, the b...

  12. Broadening the U.S. alfalfa germplasm base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Over 4000 alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) plant introductions (PIs) exist in the USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS). NAAIC has discussed/proposed pre-breeding efforts to utilize this germplasm for creating pre-commercial alfalfa germplasm. Funding constraints have been one impediment to th...

  13. Cabriology: Putting Digital Collections in the Local Flow at Bruges Public Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koen Calis

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Cabrio, the Aquabrowser implementation at the Bruges Public Library, is more than a catalogue makeover. Rich, variable, flashy and truly inspirational, its open structure tackles several strategic issues related to a changing network environment. Digital collections are merged with the catalogue to become part of a hybrid library mediation model. Cabrio focuses on local dynamics and existing participation, which are key features of public libraries, in order to challenge and redefine library perceptions and services.

  14. Dynamic reform of public institutions: a model of motivated agents and collective reputation

    OpenAIRE

    Valasek, Justin

    2016-01-01

    State capacity is optimized when public institutions are staffed by individuals with public-service motivation. However, when motivated agents value the collective reputation of their place of employment, steady-state equilibria with both high and low aggregate motivation (reputation) in the mission-oriented sector exist. Reforming a low-motivation institution requires a non-monotonic wage path: since the effect of higher wages on motivation is negative for a highreputation institution, but p...

  15. PHENOTYPIC DIVERSITY OF ALFALFA (MEDICAGO SATIVA L. GERMPLASM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marijana Tucak

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate phenotypic diversity in the alfalfa germplasm collections using multivariate analysis to examine the extent of genetic diversity and contribution of selected characters to the total diversity and finally to select the most promising clusters/populations for further breeding work. Forty alfalfa populations/cultivars of different geographical origin were evaluated for 12 agro-morphological characters during two consecutive years. The populations/ cultivars were grouped into six clusters. In most cases populations/cultivars within clusters were not associated with their geographical origin. Intercluster distances were larger than the intracluster ones. This research revealed a broad phenotypic diversity within and between the alfalfa germplasm collections. The following characters contributed most to the total phenotypic diversity: dry matter yield in the first production year, plant height and length of central leaflet. Based on the mean value of the evaluated characters and determined distances between clusters, the most promising populations/cultivars belong to the clusters IV and V. Selected populations/cultivars could be considered as a valuable genetic material for the yield and quality improvement of alfalfa in our breeding programme.

  16. Characterising root trait variability in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) germplasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yinglong; Ghanem, Michel Edmond; Siddique, Kadambot Hm

    2017-04-01

    Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important grain legume crop but its sustainable production is challenged by predicted climate changes, which are likely to increase production limitations and uncertainty in yields. Characterising the variability in root architectural traits in a core collection of chickpea germplasm will provide the basis for breeding new germplasm with suitable root traits for the efficient acquisition of soil resources and adaptation to drought and other abiotic stresses. This study used a semi-hydroponic phenotyping system for assessing root trait variability across 270 chickpea genotypes. The genotypes exhibited large variation in rooting patterns and branching manner. Thirty root-related traits were characterised, 17 of which had coefficients of variation ≥0.3 among genotypes and were selected for further examination. The Pearson correlation matrix showed a strong correlation among most of the selected traits (P≤0.05). Principal component analysis revealed three principal components with eigenvalues >1 capturing 81.5% of the total variation. An agglomerative hierarchical clustering analysis, based on root trait variation, identified three genotype homogeneous groups (rescaled distance of 15) and 16 sub-groups (rescaled distance of 5). The chickpea genotypes characterised in this study with vastly different root properties could be used for further studies in glasshouses and field trials, and for molecular marker studies, gene mapping, and modelling simulations, ultimately aimed at breeding germplasm with root traits for improved adaptation to drought and other specific environments. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology.

  17. Microsatellite variation in Avena sterilis oat germplasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Yong-Bi; Chong, James; Fetch, Tom; Wang, Ming-Li

    2007-04-01

    The Avena sterilis L. collection in the Plant Gene Resources of Canada (PGRC) consists of 11,235 accessions originating from 27 countries and is an invaluable source of genetic variation for genetic improvement of oats, but it has been inadequately characterized, particularly using molecular techniques. More than 35 accessions have been identified with genes for resistance to oat crown and stem rusts, but little is known about their comparative genetic diversity. This study attempted to characterize a structured sample of 369 accessions representing 26 countries and two specific groups with Puccinia coronata avenae (Pc) and Puccinia graminis avenae (Pg) resistance genes using microsatellite (SSR) markers. Screening of 230 SSR primer pairs developed from other major crop species yielded 26 informative primer pairs for this characterization. These 26 primer pairs were applied to screen all the samples and 125 detected alleles were scored for each accession. Analyses of the SSR data showed the effectiveness of the stratified sampling applied in capturing country-wise SSR variation. The frequencies of polymorphic alleles ranged from 0.01 to 0.99 and averaged 0.28. More than 90% of the SSR variation resided within accessions of a country. Accessions from Greece, Liberia, and Italy were genetically most diverse, while accessions from Egypt, Georgia, Ethiopia, Gibraltar, and Kenya were most distinct. Seven major clusters were identified, each consisting of accessions from multiple countries and specific groups, and these clusters were not well congruent with geographic origins. Accessions with Pc and Pg genes had similar levels of SSR variation, did not appear to cluster together, and were not associated with the other representative accessions. These SSR patterns are significant for understanding the progenitor species of cultivated oat, managing A. sterilis germplasm, and exploring new sources of genes for oat improvement.

  18. Diversity in global maize germplasm: Characterization and utilization

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    B M Prasanna

    2012-11-01

    Maize (Zea mays L.) is not only of worldwide importance as a food, feed and as a source of diverse industrially important products, but is also a model genetic organism with immense genetic diversity. Although it was first domesticated in Mexico, maize landraces are widely found across the continents. Several studies in Mexico and other countries highlighted the genetic variability in the maize germplasm. Applications of molecular markers, particularly in the last two decades, have led to new insights into the patterns of genetic diversity in maize globally, including landraces as well as wild relatives (especially teosintes) in Latin America, helping in tracking the migration routes of maize from the centers of origin, and understanding the fate of genetic diversity during maize domestication. The genome sequencing of B73 (a highly popular US Corn Belt inbred) and Palomero (a popcorn landrace in Mexico) in the recent years are important landmarks in maize research, with significant implications to our understanding of the maize genome organization and evolution. Next-generation sequencing and high-throughput genotyping platforms promise to further revolutionize our understanding of genetic diversity and for designing strategies to utilize the genomic information for maize improvement. However, the major limiting factor to exploit the genetic diversity in crops like maize is no longer genotyping, but high-throughput and precision phenotyping. There is an urgent need to establish a global phenotyping network for comprehensive and efficient characterization of maize germplasm for an array of target traits, particularly for biotic and abiotic stress tolerance and nutritional quality. ‘Seeds of Discovery’ (SeeD), a novel initiative by CIMMYT with financial support from the Mexican Government for generating international public goods, has initiated intensive exploration of phenotypic and molecular diversity of maize germplasm conserved in the CIMMYT Gene Bank; this

  19. Diversity in global maize germplasm: characterization and utilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasanna, B M

    2012-11-01

    Maize (Zea mays L.) is not only of worldwide importance as a food, feed and as a source of diverse industrially important products, but is also a model genetic organism with immense genetic diversity. Although it was first domesticated in Mexico, maize landraces are widely found across the continents. Several studies in Mexico and other countries highlighted the genetic variability in the maize germplasm. Applications of molecular markers, particularly in the last two decades, have led to new insights into the patterns of genetic diversity in maize globally, including landraces as well as wild relatives (especially teosintes) in Latin America, helping in tracking the migration routes of maize from the centers of origin, and understanding the fate of genetic diversity during maize domestication. The genome sequencing of B73 (a highly popular US Corn Belt inbred) and Palomero (a popcorn landrace in Mexico) in the recent years are important landmarks in maize research, with significant implications to our understanding of the maize genome organization and evolution. Next-generation sequencing and high-throughput genotyping platforms promise to further revolutionize our understanding of genetic diversity and for designing strategies to utilize the genomic information for maize improvement. However, the major limiting factor to exploit the genetic diversity in crops like maize is no longer genotyping, but high-throughput and precision phenotyping. There is an urgent need to establish a global phenotyping network for comprehensive and efficient characterization of maize germplasm for an array of target traits, particularly for biotic and abiotic stress tolerance and nutritional quality. 'Seeds of Discovery' (SeeD), a novel initiative by CIMMYT with financial support from the Mexican Government for generating international public goods, has initiated intensive exploration of phenotypic and molecular diversity of maize germplasm conserved in the CIMMYT Gene Bank; this is

  20. An Evidence Based Methodology to Facilitate Public Library Non-fiction Collection Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Kelly

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This research was designed as a pilot study to test a methodology for subject based collection analysis for public libraries. Methods – WorldCat collection data from eight Australian public libraries was extracted using the Collection Evaluation application. The data was aggregated and filtered to assess how the sample’s titles could be compared against the OCLC Conspectus subject categories. A hierarchy of emphasis emerged and this was divided into tiers ranging from 1% of the sample. These tiers were further analysed to quantify their representativeness against both the sample’s titles and the subject categories taken as a whole. The interpretive aspect of the study sought to understand the types of knowledge embedded in the tiers and was underpinned by hermeneutic phenomenology. Results – The study revealed that there was a marked tendency for a small percentage of subject categories to constitute a large proportion of the potential topicality that might have been represented in these types of collections. The study also found that distribution of the aggregated collection conformed to a Power Law distribution (80/20 so that approximately 80% of the collection was represented by 20% of the subject categories. The study also found that there were significant commonalities in the types of subject categories that were found in the designated tiers and that it may be possible to develop ontologies that correspond to the collection tiers. Conclusions – The evidence-based methodology developed in this pilot study has the potential for further development to help to improve the practice of collection development. The introduction of the concept of the epistemic role played by collection tiers is a promising aid to inform our understanding of knowledge organization for public libraries. The research shows a way forward to help to link subjective decision making with a scientifically based approach to managing knowledge

  1. Digitisation of Local Heritage: Local Studies Collections and Digitisation in Public Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Lucy; Rowley, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the application of digitisation in the context of public library local studies services. Since there has been limited previous research on digitisation and local studies collections, this research makes an important contribution in profiling the current situation, and highlighting the extent to which progress is limited in the…

  2. 77 FR 34952 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-12

    ... characteristics and linkage to care among those persons who are infected; (3) Identify best practices and gaps in... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... health prevention funds and resources allocations with respect to prioritized ] risk populations; (6...

  3. 76 FR 31356 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Technical Assistance Experience...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-31

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Technical Assistance... proposed: The Technical Assistance Experience, Expertise, and Awards Received Matrices will allow the... capacity of applicants applying for technical assistance funding under the FY2011 McKinney-Vento Technical...

  4. 76 FR 14400 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-16

    ... member who has had a DVT; taking birth control pills; or getting older; and certain groups could not... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To...

  5. 75 FR 35027 - Notice of Public Information Collection Approved By the Office of Management and Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection Approved By the Office of Management and Budget June 16, 2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has received the Office of Management and... increase in the station's FM Digital ERP). (2) Licensees to submit an application to the Media Bureau,...

  6. 77 FR 62516 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    .... Proposed Project Evaluation of the National Tobacco Prevention and Control Public Education Campaign (OMB... 2012, CDC obtained OMB approval to collect information needed to evaluate CDC's National Tobacco... smoking and diabetes, and knowledge of the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure and...

  7. A Method for Direct Systematic Observation of Collective Violence and Public Order Policing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Adang, Otto

    2016-01-01

    The article outlines a methodology for systematically observing collective violence (and public order policing in relation to it). Specific attention is given to matters of sampling and measurement and to the way in which observational challenges have been met in comparison with participant observat

  8. Regional Differences in Collecting Freethought Books in American Public Libraries: A Case of Self-Censorship?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sloan, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine if American public libraries located in an area of the country hostile to atheist (freethought) ideas collect atheist books at a lower rate than a region of the country more open to such ideas. The US General Social Survey was consulted to locate the contrasting regions. "New York Times" Best Seller…

  9. 78 FR 18362 - Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Enterprise Income Verification (EIV) Systems...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-26

    ... capacity; (3) provide the prospective user with information related to the Rules of Behavior for system... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Enterprise Income Verification (EIV) Systems--Access Authorization Form and Rules of Behavior and User Agreement AGENCY: Office of...

  10. 77 FR 58141 - Public Buildings Service; Information Collection; Art-in-Architecture Program National Artist...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-19

    ...-Architecture & Fine Arts Division (PCAC), 1800 F Street NW., Room 3305, Washington, DC 20405, at telephone(202... ADMINISTRATION Public Buildings Service; Information Collection; Art-in- Architecture Program National Artist... requirement regarding Art-in Architecture Program National Artist Registry (GSA Form 7437). The Art-in...

  11. 77 FR 17066 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-23

    ...--National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases--Office of Infectious Diseases--Centers for... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects....

  12. 77 FR 33220 - Agency Information Collection Request. 60-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-05

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency Information Collection Request. 60-Day Public Comment Request AGENCY: Office of... Reduction Act of 1995, the Office of the Secretary (OS), Department of Health and Human Services, is...-State Evaluation, Telephone Interviews with State CHIP Program Administrators--OMB No. 0990-NEW...

  13. 76 FR 17128 - Agency Information Collection Request. 60-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency Information Collection Request. 60-Day Public Comment Request AGENCY: Office of... Reduction Act of 1995, the Office of the Secretary (OS), Department of Health and Human Services, is... detailed insights into how the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) has evolved since its early years...

  14. 76 FR 59701 - Agency Information Collection Request. 30 Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency Information Collection Request. 30 Day Public Comment Request AGENCY: Office of... Reduction Act of 1995, the Office of the Secretary (OS), Department of Health and Human Services, is... insights into how the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) has evolved since its early years, what...

  15. 77 FR 67657 - Request for Public Comment: 30-Day Proposed Information Collection: Indian Health Service (IHS...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-13

    ... divisions (i.e., Behavioral Health, Health Promotion/Disease Prevention, Nursing, and Dental) have developed... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Request for Public Comment: 30-Day Proposed Information Collection...

  16. 75 FR 60460 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-30

    ... techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of..., epidemiology, medicine, economics, information science, veterinary medicine, nursing, public policy, and other... request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans...

  17. 78 FR 31940 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-28

    ... difficult to gather and track; therefore, OPHPR must use a creative method to collect relevant stories on... of this notice, versus full stories, in order to describe the current successes and challenges public... address, organization, job title, the topic of the ] compelling story, a headline, and up to three key...

  18. 75 FR 15433 - Agency Information Collection Request; 60-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-29

    ... organizations. The survey will collect a small amount of descriptive information regarding the research setting... within 60 days. Proposed Project: Evaluation of Office for Human Research Protections Outreach Pamphlet on Public Participation in Research-- Office for Human Research. Abstract: This evaluation...

  19. 78 FR 43886 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... deaths and affecting the quality of life for 90 million Americans. Chronic diseases represent 83% of all... and lost productivity. The National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public...

  20. 78 FR 43885 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... deaths and affecting the quality of life for 90 million Americans. Chronic diseases represent 83% of all... and lost productivity. The National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public...

  1. 76 FR 10033 - Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request, Grants.gov

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request, Grants.gov AGENCY..., OMB number, to Ed.Calimag@hhs.gov , or call the Reports Clearance Office on (202) 690- 7569. Send... notice directly to the Grants.gov OMB Desk Officer; faxed to OMB at 202-395-6974. Proposed Project: SF...

  2. 76 FR 10035 - Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request, Grants.gov

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request, Grants.gov AGENCY..., OMB number, to Ed.Calimag@hhs.gov , or call the Reports Clearance Office on (202) 205- 1193. Send... notice directly to the Grants.gov OMB Desk Officer; faxed to OMB at 202-395-6974. Proposed Project: The...

  3. 76 FR 10034 - Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request, Grants.gov

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request, Grants.gov AGENCY..., OMB number, to Ed.Calimag@hhs.gov , or call the Reports Clearance Office on (202) 205- 1193. Send... notice directly to the Grants.gov OMB Desk Officer; faxed to OMB at 202-395-6974. Proposed Project: The...

  4. 76 FR 10364 - Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request, Grants.gov

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request, Grants.gov AGENCY..., OMB number, to Ed.Calimag@hhs.gov , or call the Reports Clearance Office on (202) 205- 1193. Send... notice directly to the Grants.gov OMB Desk Officer; faxed to OMB at 202-395-6974. Proposed Project: The...

  5. 76 FR 10036 - Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request, Grants.gov

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request, Grants.gov AGENCY..., OMB number, to Ed.Calimag@hhs.gov , or call the Reports Clearance Office on (202) 205- 1193. Send... notice directly to the Grants.gov OMB Desk Officer; faxed to OMB at 202-395-6974. Proposed Project: The...

  6. 76 FR 10037 - Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request, Grants.gov

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request, Grants.gov AGENCY..., OMB number, to Ed.Calimag@hhs.gov , or call the Reports Clearance Office on (202) 205- 1193. Send... notice directly to the Grants.gov OMB Desk Officer; faxed to OMB at 202-395-6974. Proposed Project: The...

  7. 75 FR 8364 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ... order to apply for NDI services, and submit records of study subjects for computer matching against the... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To...

  8. 77 FR 50711 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Pre-Purchase Homeownership...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-22

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Pre-Purchase... assignment evaluation of pre-purchase homeownership counseling. The evaluation will produce valuable information about the impact of pre- purchase homeownership counseling on a range of outcomes for low-...

  9. 75 FR 370 - Emergency Clearance: Public Information Collection Requirements Submitted to the Office of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ...), to conduct exploratory or formative research around the new Hospital Outpatient Measures. Concepts.... Subsequent to this exploratory or formative research, the research team designed mock-ups of the planned... information collection request (ICR) for Consumer Research on Public Reporting of Hospital Outpatient...

  10. 75 FR 8953 - Agency Information Collection Request; 30-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ... other forms of information technology to minimize the information collection burden. To obtain copies of... the Parents Speak Up National Campaign (PSUNC): Focus Groups with Adolescents. OMB No. 0990--NEW-- Office of the Secretary/Office of Public Health and Science/Office Adolescent Pregnancy Programs...

  11. 76 FR 7874 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Online Innovation Submission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Online Innovation Submission Form for the Innovation of the Day Project AGENCY: Office of Policy Development and Research, HUD..., Office of Policy Development and Research, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street...

  12. Unions and the Public Interest: Is Collective Bargaining for Teachers Good for Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahlenberg, Richard D.; Greene, Jay P.

    2012-01-01

    Three years after Barack Obama's election signaled a seeming resurgence for America's unions, the landscape looks very different. Republican governors in Wisconsin, Indiana, and Ohio have limited the reach of collective bargaining for public employees. The moves, especially in Wisconsin, set off a national furor that has all but obscured the…

  13. 75 FR 1790 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-13

    ... met through the available training resources. NCHS is requesting 3 years of OMB clearance for this... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... this notice. Proposed Project Vital Statistics Training Application, (OMB No. 0920-0217 exp. 7/...

  14. 75 FR 65340 - Agency Emergency Information Collection Clearance Request for Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-22

    ... proposed information collection for the proper performance of the agency's functions; (2) the accuracy of... within 30 days. Proposed Project: Healthy Living Innovation Awards--OMB No. 0990- NEW--Emergency... the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to receive applications from public and private...

  15. 75 FR 50784 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the...

  16. 75 FR 21370 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the...

  17. 75 FR 73156 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the...

  18. 75 FR 36451 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... federal government and a forum to learn from their peers and industry experts. The content and services... enhance the quality of the collection, to Kirk McElwain, Web Director, Office of Communications and Public...@sba.gov , or Curtis B. Rich, Management Analyst, 202-205-7030, curtis.rich@sba.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY...

  19. 78 FR 70302 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ...) plans to continue to assess its customers' satisfaction with the content, quality and relevance of the... usefulness, general satisfaction with available services and products, and suggestions for improvement of... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public...

  20. Regional Differences in Collecting Freethought Books in American Public Libraries: A Case of Self-Censorship?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sloan, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine if American public libraries located in an area of the country hostile to atheist (freethought) ideas collect atheist books at a lower rate than a region of the country more open to such ideas. The US General Social Survey was consulted to locate the contrasting regions. "New York Times" Best Seller…

  1. Outlier Ohio: A Case Study of Ohio Public Libraries and an Analysis of Their Collective Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klentzin, Jacqueline Courtney

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the collective success and "Best in the Nation" status of Ohio public libraries as indicated in by various statistical rankings, like the HAPLR and "Library Journal" Star Libraries, as well as anecdotal reports in the trade literature. The study was qualitative in nature and utilized a single-subject case…

  2. Regional Differences in Collecting Freethought Books in American Public Libraries: A Case of Self-Censorship?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sloan, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine if American public libraries located in an area of the country hostile to atheist (freethought) ideas collect atheist books at a lower rate than a region of the country more open to such ideas. The US General Social Survey was consulted to locate the contrasting regions. "New York Times" Best Seller lists were…

  3. Public Services and Outreach in Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traister, Daniel

    2003-01-01

    Discusses the new emphasis in special collections, especially in academic libraries, on the promotion of materials. Highlights include the economic basis of promotion; exhibitions; classroom ventures; the Web; seminars and other discussion groups; creative writing courses; one-time events; friends, tourists, and the public; and reference services.…

  4. 78 FR 37243 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests: Public Libraries Survey, FY 2014-2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    .... Swan, Senior Statistician, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Institute of Museum and... Libraries Survey collects annual descriptive data on the universe of public libraries in the U.S. and the..., Research, and Evaluation, Institute of Museum and Library Services, 1800 M Street NW., 9th Floor...

  5. Outlier Ohio: A Case Study of Ohio Public Libraries and an Analysis of Their Collective Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klentzin, Jacqueline Courtney

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the collective success and "Best in the Nation" status of Ohio public libraries as indicated in by various statistical rankings, like the HAPLR and "Library Journal" Star Libraries, as well as anecdotal reports in the trade literature. The study was qualitative in nature and utilized a single-subject case…

  6. Construction of Transgenic Crop Germplasm Effective Function and Characteristic Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Guangzhou; WANG Xiaowei

    2008-01-01

    Germplasm effect reflects the quantitative relation between production ability of gennplasm elements and yield (quality) of a certain crop, which can be shown by mathematic function, namely, germplasm effect function. Germplasm effect of a crop variety is an aggregation of many effective factors, and is restrained by different effective factors;constant increase of any one effect of germplasm elements would lead to law of effect decline, therefore, possible modes of transgenic crops effect function were deduced according to the law of effect decline. The possible modes of single transgenic germplasm effect function and multi-transgenic germplasm effect regression equation were discussed, and the characteristics of germplasm effect regression equation were analyzed in this paper.

  7. 78 FR 49282 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Reporting Systems for Public Law 102-477...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-13

    ... Bureau of Indian Affairs Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Reporting Systems for Public Law... the collection of information for the Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project... Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. This information allows the Office of Indian Energy...

  8. 78 FR 44188 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-23

    ... Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment Request... Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this proposed collection as provided by 5 CFR.... Frequency of Use: On Occasion. Type of Affected Public: Individuals. Small Businesses or...

  9. 75 FR 58423 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Reporting System for Public Law 102-477...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    ... Bureau of Indian Affairs Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Reporting System for Public Law 102..., Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. This information collection allows IEED to... integrated programs. Public Law 102-477 authorizes tribal governments to integrate...

  10. 78 FR 26682 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment Request... Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this proposed collection as provided by 5 CFR... Occasion. Type of Affected Public: Individuals. Small Businesses or Organizations Affected: No....

  11. 75 FR 26978 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Reporting System for Public Law 102-477...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-13

    ... Bureau of Indian Affairs Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Reporting System for Public Law 102... Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. This information collection allows IEED to document.... Public Law 102-477 authorizes tribal governments to integrate federally funded employment, training,...

  12. 75 FR 45697 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-03

    ... Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment Request... Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this proposed collection as provided by 5 CFR... Application. Frequency of Use: On Occasion. Type of Affected Public: Individuals. Small Businesses...

  13. 78 FR 17995 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-25

    ... Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment Request... Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this proposed collection as provided by 5 CFR... Use: On occasion. Type of Affected Public: Individuals or households, state or local...

  14. 75 FR 15492 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-29

    ... Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment Request... Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this proposed collection as provided by 5 CFR.... Frequency of Use: On occasion. Type of Affected Public: Individuals or households, state or...

  15. Variation for seed phytosterols in sunflower germplasm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) seeds and oils are rich sources of phytosterols, which are important compounds for human nutrition. There is limited information on variability for seed phytosterols in sunflower germplasm. The objective of the present research was to evaluate kernel phytosterol cont...

  16. 75 FR 34534 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ... Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment Request...). The Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this proposed collection as provided... Collection: Section 26a Permit Application. Frequency of Use: On occasion. Type of Affected...

  17. 45 CFR 286.285 - How do the data collection and reporting requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes? 286.285 Section 286.285 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... Requirements § 286.285 How do the data collection and reporting requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes? (a) A Tribe that consolidates its Tribal TANF program into a Public-Law 102-477 plan is required...

  18. Evaluation of high yielding soybean germplasm under water limitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Silvas J. Prince; Henry T. Nguyen; Mackensie Murphy; Raymond N. Mutava; Zhengzhi Zhang; Na Nguyen; Yoon Ha Kim; Safiullah M. Pathan; Grover J. Shannon; Babu Valliyodan

    2016-01-01

    Limited information is available for soybean root traits and their plasticity under drought stress. To date, no studies have focused on examining diverse soybean germ-plasm for regulation of shoot and root response under water limited conditions across varying soil types. In this study, 17 genetically diverse soybean germplasm lines were selected to study root response to water limited conditions in clay (trial 1) and sandy soil (trial 2) in two target environments. Physiological data on shoot traits was measured at multiple crop stages ranging from early vegetative to pod filling. The phenotypic root traits, and biomass accumulation data are collected at pod filling stage. In trial 1, the number of lateral roots and forks were positively correlated with plot yield under water limitation and in trial 2, lateral root thickness was positively correlated with the hill plot yield. Plant Introduction (PI) 578477A and 088444 were found to have higher later root number and forks in clay soil with higher yield under water limitation. In sandy soil, PI458020 was found to have a thicker lateral root system and higher yield under water limitation. The genotypes identified in this study could be used to enhance drought tolerance of elite soybean cultivars through improved root traits specific to target environments.

  19. Sociodemographic data collection for health equity measurement: a mixed methods study examining public opinions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirst, Maritt; Shankardass, Ketan; Bomze, Sivan; Lofters, Aisha; Quiñonez, Carlos

    2013-08-30

    Monitoring inequalities in healthcare is increasingly being recognized as a key first step in providing equitable access to quality care. However, the detailed sociodemographic data that are necessary for monitoring are currently not routinely collected from patients in many jurisdictions. We undertook a mixed methods study to generate a more in-depth understanding of public opinion on the collection of patient sociodemographic information in healthcare settings for equity monitoring purposes in Ontario, Canada. The study included a provincial survey of 1,306 Ontarians, and in-depth interviews with a sample of 34 individuals. Forty percent of survey participants disagreed that it was important for information to be collected in healthcare settings for equity monitoring. While there was a high level of support for the collection of language, a relatively large proportion of survey participants felt uncomfortable disclosing household income (67%), sexual orientation (40%) and educational background (38%). Variation in perceived importance and comfort with the collection of various types of information was observed among different survey participant subgroups. Many in-depth interview participants were also unsure of the importance of the collection of sociodemographic information in healthcare settings and expressed concerns related to potential discrimination and misuse of this information. Study findings highlight that there is considerable concern regarding disclosure of such information in healthcare settings among Ontarians and a lack of awareness of its purpose that may impede future collection of such information. These issues point to the need for increased education for the public on the purpose of sociodemographic data collection as a strategy to address this problem, and the use of data collection strategies that reduce discomfort with disclosure in healthcare settings.

  20. Factors Influencing Sample Size for Internal Audit Evidence Collection in the Public Sector in Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamau Charles Guandaru

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The internal audit department has a role of providing objective assurance and consulting services designed to add value and improve an organization’s operations. In performing this role the internal auditors are required to provide an auditor’s opinion which is supported by sufficient and reliable audit evidence. Since auditors are not in a position to examine 100% of the records and transactions, they are required to sample a few and make conclusions on the basis of the sample selected. The literature suggests several factors which affects the sample size for audit purposes of the internal auditors in the public sector in Kenya. This research collected data from 32 public sector internal auditors. The research carried out simple regression and correlation analysis on the data collected so as to test hypotheses and make conclusions on the factors affecting the sample size for audit purposes of the internal auditors in the public sector in Kenya. The study found out that that materiality of audit issue, type of information available, source of information, degree of risk of misstatement and auditor skills and independence are some of the factors influencing the sample size determination for the purposes of internal audit evidence collection in public sector in Kenya.

  1. Novel Phenotypic Outcomes Identified for a Public Collection of Approved Drugs from a Publicly Accessible Panel of Assays.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan A Lee

    Full Text Available Phenotypic assays have a proven track record for generating leads that become first-in-class therapies. Whole cell assays that inform on a phenotype or mechanism also possess great potential in drug repositioning studies by illuminating new activities for the existing pharmacopeia. The National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS pharmaceutical collection (NPC is the largest reported collection of approved small molecule therapeutics that is available for screening in a high-throughput setting. Via a wide-ranging collaborative effort, this library was analyzed in the Open Innovation Drug Discovery (OIDD phenotypic assay modules publicly offered by Lilly. The results of these tests are publically available online at www.ncats.nih.gov/expertise/preclinical/pd2 and via the PubChem Database (https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ (AID 1117321. Phenotypic outcomes for numerous drugs were confirmed, including sulfonylureas as insulin secretagogues and the anti-angiogenesis actions of multikinase inhibitors sorafenib, axitinib and pazopanib. Several novel outcomes were also noted including the Wnt potentiating activities of rotenone and the antifolate class of drugs, and the anti-angiogenic activity of cetaben.

  2. Reflecting the Lives of Aboriginal Women in Canadian Public Library Collection Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Kelly

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper suggests some, but not all, the core titles needed for developing a public library collection that would reflect the diversity and complexity of the lives of Aboriginal women in Canada. The titles include major authors, essential titles, journals, magazines, indexes, databases, reference books, websites, film, music, and spoken word as well as some recommended collection sources. The works reveal an emerging literature and cultural production for, by, and about Aboriginal women that steers away from pathologizing their lives as discussed in the l998 Status of Women in Canada report Aboriginal Women in Canada: Strategic Research Directions for Policy Development. Library customers who are seeking a better understanding of the lives of Aboriginal women in Canada, or Aboriginal women who are seeking materials that reflect the strengths, challenges, reality, and dreams of their lives, should be able to expect a core collection in the public libraries of the communities in which they live. This paper will outline some of the arguments for developing a core collection of work for, and about, Aboriginal women in Canada, and will suggest some criteria and selection sources critical for this collection. For this paper, Aboriginal women in Canada include women who identify themselves as First Nation, Inuit and Metis.

  3. Evaluation of the introgressed lines and screening for elite germplasm in Gossypium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PANG Chaoyou; DU Xiongming; MA Zhiying

    2006-01-01

    In this research, 155 cotton introgressed lines from interspecific hybridization have been collected for the purpose of evaluating the effects of enhancement of new upland cotton germplasm by interspecific hybridization, screening for elite germplasm and improving cotton breeding. Through identification of various agricultural traits, we found that different wild cotton species had different capacities in terms of fiber quality, disease resistance, tolerance of abiotic stress, pest resistance and so on. SSR molecular marker technology has been used to detect the exotic genetic elements in interspecific hybrids, and 25 SSR specific loci that can be classified into two groups were found among 15 pairs of SSR primers. Results also showed that 8 exotic germplasm (Gossypium barbadense, G. arboreum and G. thurberi, etc) had genetic transmission toward upland cotton. A strategy of screening elite germplasm with exotic genes based on the molecular marker-assisted breeding techniques was suggested, and 18 lines with high-quality fiber and 4 lines with resistance to Fusanrium wilt and Verticillium wilt have been obtained.

  4. Users, lending and arrangement of the library collection in the Bežigrad public library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Kobal

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A public library is aimed to provide services to all age groups of a community. Thus, it should attempt to meet the specific needs of each user age group. The article is based on the empirical analysis of statistical data of the Bežigrad Public Library for the year 2007, a year before the integration of all Ljubljana public libraries and the merge of membership database took place. The lending of library collection arranged by the potential user age groups was analysed and consequently the suitability of shelf arrangement was evaluated. The results showed the circulation of users in the individual library departments when borrowing fiction or non-fiction.

  5. 76 FR 27655 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information; Imposition...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-12

    ... Collection of Information; Imposition and Collection of Passenger Civil Aviation Security Service Fees AGENCY... system to account for the passenger civil aviation security service fees collected and reporting this... Administration (TSA) invites public comment on one currently approved Information Collection Request (ICR...

  6. Maintenance of Brazilian Biodiversity by germplasm bank

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana C. Machado

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Currently the importance of using alternative strategies for biodiversity conservation is emphasized and since the establishment of germplasm bank is an alternative to the conservation of endangered species. This is a technique of great importance for the maintenance of Brazilian fauna. Since the early70'sthere was a growing concern about the need to preserve essential genetic resources for food and agriculture, mainly for conservation of genetic material from farm animals. Thus was created the Brasilia Zoo, in July 2010, the first Germplasm Bank of Wild Animals in Latin America, as an alternative strategy for the conservation of threatened or endangered species, using both gametes and somatic cells and stem cells. Then we argue to create new banks or research networks among different regions with aimed to tissue preservation.

  7. The value of crop germplasm and value accounting system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiaowei; DING Guangzhou; CHANG Ying

    2007-01-01

    The value evaluation and accounting of crop germplasm not only provides the theory and method for the price of germplasm, thus makes further lawful and fair transactions, but also ensures the benefits of crop germplasm owners and is also instructive in keeping the foodstuff safety. This paper founded a multidimensional value accounting system, which included physical accounting, value accounting and quality index accounting; individual accounting and total accounting; quantity accounting and quality accounting.

  8. Genetic diversity analysis of salinity related germplasm in cotton

    OpenAIRE

    Lina Zhang; Wuwei Ye; Junjuan Wang; Baoxiang Fan; Delong Wang

    2010-01-01

    In order to study the genetic variation of salinity related cotton germplasm, 47 upland cotton accessions including 23 salinity tolerant materials and 24 salinity sensitive materials were explored using 88 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. We detected a total of 338 alleles at 88 SSR loci with an average of 3.841 alleles per locus, 333 of these alleles were detected in salinity tolerant germplasm and 312 alleles in salinity sensitive germplasm. Mean polymorphism information content (PIC),...

  9. 77 FR 42751 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Office of Law...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... SECURITY Transportation Security Administration Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Office of Law Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal Service Mental Health Certification... Security Administration (TSA) invites public comment on one currently approved Information Collection...

  10. In vitro conservation of Dendrobium germplasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira da Silva, Jaime A; Zeng, Songjun; Galdiano, Renato Fernandes; Dobránszki, Judit; Cardoso, Jean Carlos; Vendrame, Wagner A

    2014-09-01

    Dendrobium is a large genus in the family Orchidaceae that exhibits vast diversity in floral characteristics, which is of considerable importance to orchid breeders, biotechnologists and collectors. Native species have high value as a result of their medicinal properties, while their hybrids are important as ornamental commodities, either as cut flowers or potted plants and are thus veritable industrial crops. Thus, preservation of Dendrobium germplasm is valuable for species conservation, breeding programs and the floriculture industry. Cryopreservation represents the only safe, efficient and cost-effective long-term storage option to facilitate the conservation of genetic resources of plant species. This review highlights 16 years of literature related to the preservation of Dendrobium germplasm and comprises the most comprehensive assessment of thorough studies performed to date, which shows reliable and reproducible results. Air-drying, encapsulation-dehydration, encapsulation-vitrification, vitrification and droplet-vitrification are the current cryopreservation methodologies that have been used to cryopreserve Dendrobium germplasm. Mature seeds, pollen, protoplasts, shoot primordia, protocorms and somatic embryos or protocorm-like bodies (PLBs) have been cryopreserved with different levels of success. Encapsulation-vitrification and encapsulation-dehydration are the most used protocol, while PLBs represent the main explant explored.

  11. Sociodemographic data collection in healthcare settings: an examination of public opinions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lofters, Aisha K; Shankardass, Ketan; Kirst, Maritt; Quiñonez, Carlos

    2011-02-01

    Federal, provincial, and municipal organizations in Canada have recently begun to promote an equity agenda for their health systems, but much of the necessary data by which to identify those with social disadvantage are not currently collected. We conducted a national survey of 1005 Canadian adults to assess the perceived importance of, and concern about, the collection of personal sociodemographic information by hospitals. We also examined public preference for practical approaches to the future collection of such information. In this sample of Canadian adults, nearly half did not believe it was important for hospitals to collect individual-level sociodemographic data. The majority had concerns that the collection of these data could negatively affect their or others' care; this was especially true among visible minorities and those who have experienced discrimination. There was substantial variation across participant subgroups in their comfort with the collection of various types of information, but greater discomfort in general for current household income, sexual orientation, and education background. There was consistent discomfort reported from older participants. Participants in general were most comfortable providing this type of information to their family physician. The importance of collecting patient-level equity-relevant data is not widely appreciated in Canada, and our survey has shown that concern about how these data could be misused are high, especially among certain subgroups. Qualitative research to further explore and understand these concerns, patient education about data usage and privacy issues, and using the family doctor's office as a linked electronic data collection point, will likely be important as we move toward high-quality equity measurement.

  12. 75 FR 27863 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ...: 2010-11798] TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13... U.S.C. Chapter 35, as amended). The Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this... Collection: Employment Application. Frequency of Use: On Occasion. Type of Affected Public:...

  13. An interdisciplinary space of scientific communication in Collective (Public) Health: the journal interface--Communication, Health, Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cyrino, Antonio Pithon; Lima, Elizabeth Araújo; Garcia, Vera Lucia; Teixeira, Ricardo Rodrigues; Foresti, Miriam Celí Pimentel Porto; Schraiber, Lilia Blima

    2015-07-01

    This is a reflection upon 17 years of experience in the production of an interdisciplinary scientific journal, the publication "Interface: Communication, Health, Education," whose scope is in the fields of Collective (Public) Health, Education and Communication. It also examines retrospectively the themes published by the journal, seeking to identify them in different sections of this publication. Finally, the evolution of the journal is analyzed.

  14. Genetic diversity of wild germplasm of "yerba mate" (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.) from Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cascales, Jimena; Bracco, Mariana; Poggio, Lidia; Gottlieb, Alexandra Marina

    2014-12-01

    The "yerba mate" tree, Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil., is a crop native to subtropical South America, marketed for the elaboration of the highly popular "mate" beverage. The Uruguayan germplasm occupies the southernmost area of the species distribution range and carries adaptations to environments that considerably differ from the current production area. We characterized the genetic variability of the germplasm from this unexplored area by jointly analyzing individuals from the diversification center (ABP, Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay) with 19 nuclear and 11 plastidic microsatellite markers. For the Uruguayan germplasm, we registered 55 alleles (18 % private), and 80 genotypes (44 % exclusive), whereas 63 alleles (28.6 % private) and 81 genotypes (42 % exclusive) were recorded for individuals from ABP. Only two plastidic haplotypes were detected. Distance-based and multilocus genotype analyses showed that individuals from ABP intermingle and that the Uruguayan germplasm is differentiated in three gene-pools. Significant positive correlations between genetic and geographic distances were detected. Our results concur in that ABP individuals harbor greater genetic variation than those from the tail of the distribution, as to the number of alleles (1.15-fold), He (1.19-fold), Rs (1.39-fold), and the between-group genetic distances (1.16-fold). Also the shape of the genetic landscape interpolation analysis suggests that the genetic variation decays southward towards the Uruguayan territory. We showed that Uruguayan germplasm hosts a combination of nuclear alleles not present in the central region, constituting a valuable breeding resource. Future conservation efforts should concentrate in collecting numerous individuals of "yerba mate" per site to gather the existent variation.

  15. Halk Kütüphanelerinde Koleksiyon Seçimi / Selection Process for the Library Collections of Public Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilek Köprülü

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The task of collection development of public libraries requires the fulfilment of a selection process. In this context, main characteristics of the collection of public libraries, assessment of the user’s information needs, the selection process and its policy of implementation, and the related responsibilities of the professional librarians were examined. Finally, the selection process undertaken by public libraries in Turkey was examined, and certain suggestions were forwarded.

  16. Ontology-based meta-analysis of global collections of high-throughput public data.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilya Kupershmidt

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The investigation of the interconnections between the molecular and genetic events that govern biological systems is essential if we are to understand the development of disease and design effective novel treatments. Microarray and next-generation sequencing technologies have the potential to provide this information. However, taking full advantage of these approaches requires that biological connections be made across large quantities of highly heterogeneous genomic datasets. Leveraging the increasingly huge quantities of genomic data in the public domain is fast becoming one of the key challenges in the research community today. METHODOLOGY/RESULTS: We have developed a novel data mining framework that enables researchers to use this growing collection of public high-throughput data to investigate any set of genes or proteins. The connectivity between molecular states across thousands of heterogeneous datasets from microarrays and other genomic platforms is determined through a combination of rank-based enrichment statistics, meta-analyses, and biomedical ontologies. We address data quality concerns through dataset replication and meta-analysis and ensure that the majority of the findings are derived using multiple lines of evidence. As an example of our strategy and the utility of this framework, we apply our data mining approach to explore the biology of brown fat within the context of the thousands of publicly available gene expression datasets. CONCLUSIONS: Our work presents a practical strategy for organizing, mining, and correlating global collections of large-scale genomic data to explore normal and disease biology. Using a hypothesis-free approach, we demonstrate how a data-driven analysis across very large collections of genomic data can reveal novel discoveries and evidence to support existing hypothesis.

  17. Identification of a Simple Sequence Repeat molecular-marker set for large-scale analyses of pear germplasm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Dequigiovanni

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Simple Sequence Repeats (SSR are molecular markers suitable to assess the genetic variation of germplasm resources; however, large-scale SSR use requires protocol optimization. The present work aimed to identify SSR markers, developed for pear and other fruit species that are effective in characterizing pear germplasm collections and in demonstrating their use in providing support for genetic breeding programs. From a total of 62 SSR markers investigated, 23 yielding reproducible and polymorphic patterns were used to genotype a sample of 42 pear accessions of the Brazilian Pear Germplasm Bank (PGB. When compared to these 23 SSR markers, a subset of eleven markers, selected based on He, PIC and PId, was used to distinguish individual accessions and perform cluster analysis with similar efficacy. Genetic diversity analysis clustered the European, Japanese and Chinese accessions in distinct groups. This markers subset constitutes a valuable tool for several applications related to pear genetic resources management and breeding.

  18. Identification of wild apple germplasm (Malus spp.) with resistance to the postharvest decay pathogens Penicillium expansum and Colletotrichum acutatum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penicillium expansum and Colletotrichum acutatum cause blue mold and bitter rot of apples during storage which results in significant economic losses. Resistance to these pathogens in commercial apple cultivars has not been documented in the literature. An apple germplasm collection, from the center...

  19. Wound response and ROS production in blue mold resistant wild apple germplasm from Kazakhstan and central Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blue mold caused by Penicillium expansum is the most destructive pathogen of stored apples in the US and worldwide. It was recently shown that resistance to blue mold exists in wild apples, Malus sieversii, from Kazakhstan and central Asia maintained in a germplasm collection in Geneva, NY. We ini...

  20. Molecular diversity in Coffea canephora germplasm conserved and cultivated in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio de França Souza

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This work aimed to characterize accessions that represent the C. canephora germplasm conserved and cultivated in Brazil. A total of 130 accessions from germplasm banks of IAC (São Paulo, UFV (Minas Gerais and also collected in plantations of the State of Espírito Santo and Rondônia were evaluated with a set of 20 new microsatellite primers. Multivariate methods were used to estimate the relationship among the accessions. High level of polymorphism and two major diversity clusters were identified. First cluster was composed by the accessions conserved in the IAC and UFV collections and the second was formed by accessions collected in areas under cultivation. Accessions from Espírito Santo and Rondônia were clear separated, composing two subclusters. Despite the great polymorphism found in Brazilian plantations, the diversity may be increased, because a new threshold in the genetic gains is expected on breeding programs with the intensification of the use of conserved germplasm.

  1. Identification of citrullus lanatus germplasm lines tolerant to clomazone herbicide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clomazone herbicide is registered for use in watermelon; however, crop tolerance is marginal and the recommended use rates (0.07 to 0.1 kg ai ha-1) are lower for watermelon than for some other crops. In a greenhouse germplasm evaluation experiment including 56 germplasm accessions and watermelon cu...

  2. Citrullus Germplasm Lines Vary in Clomazone Herbicide Tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Differences between Citrullus germplasm lines in clomazone injury were first observed when the herbicide was used for weed control in fields containing germplasm lines of watermelon breeding project at the U.S. Vegetable Laboratory, Charleston, SC. The objectives of this investigation were to asses...

  3. The development and evaluation of a PDA-based method for public health surveillance data collection in developing countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yu, Ping; de Courten, Maximilian; Pan, Elaine;

    2009-01-01

    EpiData and Epi Info are often used together by public health agencies around the world, particularly in developing countries, to meet their needs of low-cost public health data management; however, the current open source data management technology lacks a mobile component to meet the needs...... of mobile public health data collectors. The goal of this project is to explore the opportunity of filling this gap through developing and trial of a personal digital assistant (PDA) based data collection/entry system. It evaluated whether such a system could increase efficiency and reduce data...... transcription errors for public surveillance data collection in developing countries represented by Fiji....

  4. Establishing the Bases for Introducing the Unexplored Portuguese Common Bean Germplasm into the Breeding World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leitão, Susana T; Dinis, Marco; Veloso, Maria M; Šatović, Zlatko; Vaz Patto, Maria C

    2017-01-01

    Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is among the most important grain legumes for human consumption worldwide. Portugal has a potentially promising common bean germplasm, resulting from more than five centuries of natural adaptation and farmers' selection. Nevertheless, limited characterization of this resource hampers its exploitation by breeding programs. To support a more efficient conservation of the national bean germplasm and promote its use in crop improvement, we performed, for the first time, a simultaneous molecular marker (21 microsatellites and a DNA marker for phaseolin-type diversity analysis) and seed and plant morphological characterization (14 traits) of 175 accessions from Portuguese mainland and islands traditional bean-growing regions. A total of 188 different alleles were identified and an average pairwise Cavalli-Sforza and Edwards' chord genetic distance of 0.193 was estimated among accessions. To relate the Portuguese germplasm with the global common bean diversity, 17 wild relatives and representative accessions from the Andean and Mesoamerican gene pools were evaluated at the molecular level. No correlation was detected between the variability found and the geographic origin of accessions. Structure analysis divided the collection into three main clusters. Most of the Portuguese accessions grouped with the race representatives and wild relatives from the Andean region. One third of the national germplasm had admixed genetic origin and might represent putative hybrids among gene pools from the two original centers of domestication in the Andes and Mesoamerica. The molecular marker-based classification was largely congruent with the three most frequent phaseolin haplotype patterns observed in the accessions analyzed. Seed and plant morphological characterization of 150 Portuguese common bean accessions revealed a clear separation among genetic structure and phaseolin haplotype groups of accessions, with seed size and shape and the number of

  5. 十字花科58属94种野生植物种子脂肪酸组分分析%Fatty Acid Analysis of the Seed Oil in a Germplasm Collection of 94 Species in 58 Genera of Brassicaceae

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙小芹; 庞慧; 郭建林; 彭斌; 自明明; 杭悦宇

    2011-01-01

    Fatty acid composition and their correlation with other quality traits in a germplasm collection of 94 species in 58 genu-ses of Brassicaceae were analyzed by the gas chromatography. The results showed that there were 13 kinds of main fatty acid components in seed oil. Their average contents were ranked from high to low as linolenic, erucic, linoleic, and oleic acids. There existed 10 pairs with extremely significant positive correlation between palmitics acid, and stearic acid, 11 pairs with extremely significant negative correlation between linolenic acid and erucic acid, 6 pairs with significant positive correlation between palmitic acid and linoleic acid, 4 pairs with, significant negative correlation between oleic acid and linolenic acid. As correlation coefficients reflecting the degree of relationship between some fatty acid pairs were relatively low, in these fatty acid pairs, only part or very few species were consistent with the corresponding relationship, or even none showed consistency with the relationship among 19 species with the highest or lowest fatty acid content. Some excellent gertnplasms were found with good development potentiality and application prospect, comprehensively as high oleic acid (L fendleri (A. Gray) S. Watson, etc. ) , high linoleic acid (O. Violaceus L. 0. E. Schulz, etc. ), zero erucic acid ( M. Africana ( Linnaeus) R. Brown, etc. ) , low linolenic acid (L. Annua L. , etc. ) , high oleic acid and low linolenic acid ( C. Hispanica L. , etc. ). High oleic acid and low erucic acid (O. Violaceus L. O. E. Schulz, etc. ) germplasms meeting the standard of edible oil and high erucic acid ( H. Rapa L , etc. ), and high linolenic acid (S. Eurycarpa ( Maxim. ) Botsch. Var. Brevistipes Y. C. Lan et T. Y. Cheo, etc. ) germplasms had important industrial uses. This study also laid a theoretical foundation for further exploration.%利用气相色谱法对十字花科58属94种野生植物种子进行了脂肪酸组分及含量测定,并对

  6. Nuclear power and the public: an update of collected survey research on nuclear power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rankin, W.L.; Melber, B.D.; Overcast, T.D.; Nealey, S.M.

    1981-12-01

    The purpose of this research was to collect, analyze, and summarize all of the nuclear power-related surveys conducted in the United States through June 1981, that we could obtain. The surveys collected were national, statewide, and areawide in scope. Slightly over 100 surveys were collected for an earlier, similar effort carried out in 1977. About 130 new surveys were added to the earlier survey data. Thus, about 230 surveys were screened for inclusion in this report. Because of space limitations, national surveys were used most frequently in this report, followed distantly by state surveys. In drawing our conclusions about public beliefs and attitudes toward nuclear power, we placed most of our confidence in survey questions that were used by national polling firms at several points in time. A summary of the research findings is presented, beginning with general attitudes toward nuclear power, followed by a summary of beliefs and attitudes about nuclear power issues, and ended by a summary of beliefs and attitudes regarding more general energy issues.

  7. Bacterial growth and biofilm formation in household-stored groundwater collected from public wells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkowska-But, Aleksandra; Kalwasińska, Agnieszka; Swiontek Brzezinska, Maria

    2015-06-01

    The research was aimed at assessing changes in the number of bacteria and evaluating biofilm formation in groundwater collected from public wells, both aspects directly related to the methods of household storage. In the research, water collected from Cretaceous aquifer wells in Toruń (Poland) was stored in a refrigerator and at room temperature. Microbiological parameters of the water were measured immediately after the water collection, and then after 3 and 7 days of storage under specified conditions. The microbiological examination involved determining the number of heterotrophic bacteria capable of growth at 22 and 37 °C, the number of spore-forming bacteria, and the total number of bacteria on membrane filters. The storage may affect water quality to such an extent that the water, which initially met the microbiological criteria for water intended for human consumption, may pose a health risk. The repeated use of the same containers for water storage results in biofilm formation containing live and metabolically active bacterial cells.

  8. Genetic Variation in Rhizome Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. ssp. nucifera) Germplasms from China Assessed by RAPD Markers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AN Na; GUO Hong-bo; KE Wei-dong

    2009-01-01

    To estimate genetic variation in rhizome lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. ssp. nucifera) gcrmplasms in China, a total of 94 rhizome lotus germplasms collected from 18 provinces in China were assessed. The RAPD (randomly amplified polymorphic DNA) marker was employed. The selected 17 random primers detected 139 polymorphic alleles out of a total 207 (67.15%). Nei's gene diversity statistics and region differentiation parameters indicated that all germplasms had a relatively high level of genetic diversity with ne=1.3202, h=0.1937, I=0.2982 and the gene flow among all regions was Nm=5.5742. The UPGMA dendrogram clustered all 94 germplasms into two clusters: One contained eight commercial cultivars and major landraces, and the other included the wild and some special landraces from five regions, and the PCA analysis exhibited the similar result. Those germplasms from southwestern and eastern China had higher genetic diversity than those from the southern, northern and central China. Predominant proportion of genetic variation (95.61%) was found significant within rather than among (4.39%) regions, as revealed by AMOVA analysis. The data analysis also revealed that the genetic diversity of rhizome lotus germplasms among different regions is positively related to their geographic distances, though it is ambiguous to find the trend from the UPGMA dendrogram and the PCA analysis. A relatively high genetic diversity and gene flow resided in the root lotus germplasms; about 96% of the variation was found within region; accessions from southwest and eastern China have higher genetic diversity than those from the southern, northern and central China.

  9. Emergence of social cooperation in threshold public goods games with collective risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jing; Fu, Feng; Wu, Te; Wang, Long

    2009-07-01

    In real situations, people are often faced with the option of voluntary contribution to achieve a collective goal, for example, building a dam or a fence, in order to avoid an unfavorable loss. Those who do not donate, however, can free ride on others’ sacrifices. As a result, cooperation is difficult to maintain, leading to an enduring collective-risk social dilemma. To address this issue, here we propose a simple yet effective theoretical model of threshold public goods game with collective risk and focus on the effect of risk on the emergence of social cooperation. To do this, we consider the population dynamics represented by replicator equation for two simplifying scenarios, respectively: one with fair sharers, who contribute the minimum average amount versus defectors and the other with altruists contributing more than average versus defectors. For both cases, we find that the dilemma is relieved in high-risk situations where cooperation is likely to persist and dominate defection in the population. Large initial endowment to individuals also encourages the risk-averse action, which means that, as compared to poor players (with small initial endowment), wealthy individuals (with large initial endowment) are more likely to cooperate in order to protect their private accounts. In addition, we show that small donation amount and small threshold (collective target) can encourage and sustain cooperation. Furthermore, for other parameters fixed, the impacts of group size act differently on the two scenarios because of distinct mechanisms: in the former case where the cost of cooperation depends on the group size, large size of group readily results in defection, while easily maintains cooperation in the latter case where the cost of cooperation is fixed irrespective of the group size. Our theoretical results of the replicator dynamics are in excellent agreement with the individual based simulation results.

  10. 75 FR 81270 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Submitted for Review and Approval to the Office...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-27

    ... output power, emission type and characteristics, the frequency or frequencies of operation, and essential... in connection with the reporting of significant outages of voice and/or paging communications.... This information collection is necessary for the following reasons: (1) Collecting information...

  11. 75 FR 82393 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Submitted for Review and Approval to the Office...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-30

    ...) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of... collection. Respondents: Business or other for-profit, not-for-profit institutions, and state, local or... the economic well-being of our Nation, and in view of the increasing importance of...

  12. 75 FR 17942 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Quality Control for Rental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-08

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Quality Control... Proposal: Quality Control for Rental Assistance Subsidy Determinations. Description of the need for the... million households covered by the Public Housing and Section 8 housing subsidies. The Quality...

  13. 78 FR 79473 - 60 Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Reporting for HUD Research...

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    2013-12-30

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 60 Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Reporting for HUD... soliciting public comments on the subject proposal. DATES: Comment Due Date: February 28, 2014. ADDRESSES... hearing or speech impairments may access this number through TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Relay...

  14. 78 FR 64025 - Submission for OMB Review, Comment Request, Proposed Collection: Public Libraries Survey, 2014-2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ...: Deanne W. Swan, Senior Statistician, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Institute of Museum.... Pursuant to Public Law 107-279, this Public Libraries Survey collects annual descriptive data on the..., Management Analyst, Office of Policy, Planning, Research, and Communication. BILLING CODE 7036-01-P ...

  15. The DFG National Research Collection System (Sondersammelgebietssystemplan -SSG for Print and Electronic Publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elmar Mittler

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Germany (the sum of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic is historically and politically a decentralized country. The influence of the states is very significant, particularly in cultural and educational affairs (Kulturhoheit der Länder. There are only few organisations that are jointly financed by states and the federal government. One of the most important of these is the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, the German Research Foundation. It is mainly driven by the research community, and a highly efficient evaluation system, managed by a well-organized office in Bonn. Founded as the ‘Notgemeinschaft der deutschen Wissenschaft’ after the Second World War, the DFG began a library acquisitions programme, mainly for foreign research material, in 1948 (Schmidt & Oertel, 1966. The aim was - and is - to provide a copy of every publication of research interest in at least one German library. There was - and is - no real national library in Germany. Leading libraries such as the Prussian State Library[1] were divided after the Second World War, or were severely damaged like the Bavarian State Library. As a result, the organisational scheme was simple and yet sophisticated: · to seek the most important holdings, · to give the library with the strongest collection special funding to acquire foreign material (nowadays about 66% of costs; and · to ask the library to take responsibility for buying foreign material as well as the complete range of German publications, and the staff required for acquisitions processing and interlibrary loan services.

  16. Putting Regulatory Data to Work at the Service of Public Health: Utilizing Data Collected Under the Clean Water Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    Under the Clean Water Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) collects information from states on intended use and impairment of each water body. We explore the feasibility of using these data, collected for regulatory purposes, for public health analyses. Combining E...

  17. 77 FR 37062 - Intent To Request Approval From OMB of One New Public Collection of Information: Office of Law...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... Security Administration (TSA) invites public comment on a new Information Collection Request (ICR... delivered to the TSA PRA Officer, Office of Information Technology (OIT), TSA-11, Transportation Security... . Therefore, in preparation for OMB review and approval of the following information collection, TSA...

  18. 75 FR 62137 - Notice of Intent To Collect Fees on Public Land in Fremont County, Idaho, Upper Snake Field...

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    2010-10-07

    ... Snake Field Office Under the Federal Lands Enhancement Act AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior...), the Upper Snake Field Office will begin collecting fees for the day use area and a fee for use of the... collection at this site. Six months after the publication of this notice, the Upper Snake Field Office...

  19. 75 FR 34148 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information; Office of Law...

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    2010-06-16

    ... Collection of Information; Office of Law Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal Service Mental Health Certification... Security Administration (TSA) invites public comment on one currently approved information collection..., Office of Information Technology, TSA-11, Transportation Security Administration, 701 South 12th Street...

  20. The FIGS (focused identification of germplasm strategy) approach identifies traits related to drought adaptation in Vicia faba genetic resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khazaei, Hamid; Street, Kenneth; Bari, Abdallah; Mackay, Michael; Stoddard, Frederick L

    2013-01-01

    Efficient methods to explore plant agro-biodiversity for climate change adaptive traits are urgently required. The focused identification of germplasm strategy (FIGS) is one such approach. FIGS works on the premise that germplasm is likely to reflect the selection pressures of the environment in which it developed. Environmental parameters describing plant germplasm collection sites are used as selection criteria to improve the probability of uncovering useful variation. This study was designed to test the effectiveness of FIGS to search a large faba bean (Vicia faba L.) collection for traits related to drought adaptation. Two sets of faba bean accessions were created, one from moisture-limited environments, and the other from wetter sites. The two sets were grown under well watered conditions and leaf morpho-physiological traits related to plant water use were measured. Machine-learning algorithms split the accessions into two groups based on the evaluation data and the groups created by this process were compared to the original climate-based FIGS sets. The sets defined by trait data were in almost perfect agreement to the FIGS sets, demonstrating that ecotypic differentiation driven by moisture availability has occurred within the faba bean genepool. Leaflet and canopy temperature as well as relative water content contributed more than other traits to the discrimination between sets, indicating that their utility as drought-tolerance selection criteria for faba bean germplasm. This study supports the assertion that FIGS could be an effective tool to enhance the discovery of new genes for abiotic stress adaptation.

  1. Cost comparison between private and public collection of residual household waste: Multiple case studies in the Flemish region of Belgium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jacobsen, R., E-mail: ray.jacobsen@ugent.be [Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Buysse, J., E-mail: j.buysse@ugent.be [Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Gellynck, X., E-mail: xavier.gellynck@ugent.be [Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)

    2013-01-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The goal is to compare collection costs for residual household waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We have clustered all municipalities in order to find mutual comparable pairs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Each pair consists of one private and one public operating waste collection program. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer All cases show that private service has lower costs than public service. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Municipalities were contacted to identify the deeper causes for the waste management program. - Abstract: The rising pressure in terms of cost efficiency on public services pushes governments to transfer part of those services to the private sector. A trend towards more privatizing can be noticed in the collection of municipal household waste. This paper reports the findings of a research project aiming to compare the cost between the service of private and public collection of residual household waste. Multiple case studies of municipalities about the Flemish region of Belgium were conducted. Data concerning the year 2009 were gathered through in-depth interviews in 2010. In total 12 municipalities were investigated, divided into three mutual comparable pairs with a weekly and three mutual comparable pairs with a fortnightly residual waste collection. The results give a rough indication that in all cases the cost of private service is lower than public service in the collection of household waste. Albeit that there is an interest in establishing whether there are differences in the costs and service levels between public and private waste collection services, there are clear difficulties in establishing comparisons that can be made without having to rely on a large number of assumptions and corrections. However, given the cost difference, it remains the responsibility of the municipalities to decide upon the service they offer their citizens, regardless the cost efficiency: public or private.

  2. Data analysis of the structure and use of library collections available in public libraries in Ljubljana between 1990 – 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateja Ločniškar-Fidler

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of our research was to establish the extent to which recordings on magnetic tapes and optical discs were incorporated into library materials offered by public libraries, which are located in the area of the municipal community of Ljubljana.Using the statistical summary books, issued by public libraries, we gathered and analysed the accretion, stocks and borrowing figures of monographic publications,audio cassettes, compact discs, video cassettes and CD-ROMs. The findings show that monographic publications are still the fundamental material of public libraries. Among audio-visual media, video cassettes represent the most extensive collection, followed in number by compact discs, audio cassettes and finally CD-ROMs. The results of the analysis of borrowed library material are totally consistent with the above stated order.Quantitative measuring has also shown that the stocks of audio-visual materials do not reach the international standards for public libraries.

  3. The World's Crop Plant Germplasm--An Endangered Resource

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkes, Garrison

    1977-01-01

    Discusses the fact that many food plants derive from domesticated rather than natural strains, and that natural germplasm or genetic strains used in the plant-improvement process must be carefully preserved. (MLH)

  4. Screening of Gladiolus germplasm for agronomic performance and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hope&shola

    2010-10-04

    Oct 4, 2010 ... performance and resistance against corm rot disease. Tariq Riaz, Salik ..... varieties with long floral stalk, greater number of flowers and longer floral life are ..... Brassica juncea germplasm from Australia, China and India. Field.

  5. 76 FR 32008 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collections: RPPR Public Diplomacy Surveys

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... Information Collection: Electronic Media Engagement Evaluation. OMB Control Number: None. Type of Request: New... participants who are representative of the general populations. The Electronic Media Engagement collection will... Media Engagement, the information collection will be accomplished through focus groups or...

  6. 78 FR 38060 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ... collection of information; to search data sources; to complete and review the collection of information; and... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection...

  7. 78 FR 31562 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    ... collection of information; to search data sources; to complete and review the collection of information; and... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection...

  8. 78 FR 23766 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Extension of Public Comment Period

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ... Extension of Public Comment Period Proposed Project Assessment and Monitoring of Breastfeeding-Related... comment period, thus amending the due date for responses to its Request for Public Comments, published in...

  9. 76 FR 55391 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ... challenges of the 21st century. Professionals in public health, epidemiology, medicine, economics, information science, veterinary medicine, nursing, public policy, and other related professions seek... techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days...

  10. Assessment of Genetic Diversity and Structure of Large Garlic (Allium sativum) Germplasm Bank, by Diversity Arrays Technology "Genotyping-by-Sequencing" Platform (DArTseq).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egea, Leticia A; Mérida-García, Rosa; Kilian, Andrzej; Hernandez, Pilar; Dorado, Gabriel

    2017-01-01

    Garlic (Allium sativum) is used worldwide in cooking and industry, including pharmacology/medicine and cosmetics, for its interesting properties. Identifying redundancies in germplasm blanks to generate core collections is a major concern, mostly in large stocks, in order to reduce space and maintenance costs. Yet, similar appearance and phenotypic plasticity of garlic varieties hinder their morphological classification. Molecular studies are challenging, due to the large and expected complex genome of this species, with asexual reproduction. Classical molecular markers, like isozymes, RAPD, SSR, or AFLP, are not convenient to generate germplasm core-collections for this species. The recent emergence of high-throughput genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) approaches, like DArTseq, allow to overcome such limitations to characterize and protect genetic diversity. Therefore, such technology was used in this work to: (i) assess genetic diversity and structure of a large garlic-germplasm bank (417 accessions); (ii) create a core collection; (iii) relate genotype to agronomical features; and (iv) describe a cost-effective method to manage genetic diversity in garlic-germplasm banks. Hierarchical-cluster analysis, principal-coordinates analysis and STRUCTURE showed general consistency, generating three main garlic-groups, mostly determined by variety and geographical origin. In addition, high-resolution genotyping identified 286 unique and 131 redundant accessions, used to select a reduced size germplasm-bank core collection. This demonstrates that DArTseq is a cost-effective method to analyze species with large and expected complex genomes, like garlic. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of high-throughput genotyping of a large garlic germplasm. This is particularly interesting for garlic adaptation and improvement, to fight biotic and abiotic stresses, in the current context of climate change and global warming.

  11. Assessment of Genetic Diversity and Structure of Large Garlic (Allium sativum) Germplasm Bank, by Diversity Arrays Technology “Genotyping-by-Sequencing” Platform (DArTseq)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egea, Leticia A.; Mérida-García, Rosa; Kilian, Andrzej; Hernandez, Pilar; Dorado, Gabriel

    2017-01-01

    Garlic (Allium sativum) is used worldwide in cooking and industry, including pharmacology/medicine and cosmetics, for its interesting properties. Identifying redundancies in germplasm blanks to generate core collections is a major concern, mostly in large stocks, in order to reduce space and maintenance costs. Yet, similar appearance and phenotypic plasticity of garlic varieties hinder their morphological classification. Molecular studies are challenging, due to the large and expected complex genome of this species, with asexual reproduction. Classical molecular markers, like isozymes, RAPD, SSR, or AFLP, are not convenient to generate germplasm core-collections for this species. The recent emergence of high-throughput genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) approaches, like DArTseq, allow to overcome such limitations to characterize and protect genetic diversity. Therefore, such technology was used in this work to: (i) assess genetic diversity and structure of a large garlic-germplasm bank (417 accessions); (ii) create a core collection; (iii) relate genotype to agronomical features; and (iv) describe a cost-effective method to manage genetic diversity in garlic-germplasm banks. Hierarchical-cluster analysis, principal-coordinates analysis and STRUCTURE showed general consistency, generating three main garlic-groups, mostly determined by variety and geographical origin. In addition, high-resolution genotyping identified 286 unique and 131 redundant accessions, used to select a reduced size germplasm-bank core collection. This demonstrates that DArTseq is a cost-effective method to analyze species with large and expected complex genomes, like garlic. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of high-throughput genotyping of a large garlic germplasm. This is particularly interesting for garlic adaptation and improvement, to fight biotic and abiotic stresses, in the current context of climate change and global warming. PMID:28775737

  12. Assessment of Genetic Diversity and Structure of Large Garlic (Allium sativum Germplasm Bank, by Diversity Arrays Technology “Genotyping-by-Sequencing” Platform (DArTseq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia A. Egea

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Garlic (Allium sativum is used worldwide in cooking and industry, including pharmacology/medicine and cosmetics, for its interesting properties. Identifying redundancies in germplasm blanks to generate core collections is a major concern, mostly in large stocks, in order to reduce space and maintenance costs. Yet, similar appearance and phenotypic plasticity of garlic varieties hinder their morphological classification. Molecular studies are challenging, due to the large and expected complex genome of this species, with asexual reproduction. Classical molecular markers, like isozymes, RAPD, SSR, or AFLP, are not convenient to generate germplasm core-collections for this species. The recent emergence of high-throughput genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS approaches, like DArTseq, allow to overcome such limitations to characterize and protect genetic diversity. Therefore, such technology was used in this work to: (i assess genetic diversity and structure of a large garlic-germplasm bank (417 accessions; (ii create a core collection; (iii relate genotype to agronomical features; and (iv describe a cost-effective method to manage genetic diversity in garlic-germplasm banks. Hierarchical-cluster analysis, principal-coordinates analysis and STRUCTURE showed general consistency, generating three main garlic-groups, mostly determined by variety and geographical origin. In addition, high-resolution genotyping identified 286 unique and 131 redundant accessions, used to select a reduced size germplasm-bank core collection. This demonstrates that DArTseq is a cost-effective method to analyze species with large and expected complex genomes, like garlic. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of high-throughput genotyping of a large garlic germplasm. This is particularly interesting for garlic adaptation and improvement, to fight biotic and abiotic stresses, in the current context of climate change and global warming.

  13. 75 FR 69134 - Submission for OMB Review, Comment Request, Proposed Collection: Public Libraries Survey, FY 2011...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    .... 9108). Abstract: The Public Libraries Survey has been conducted by the Institute of Museum and Library... descriptive data on the universe of public libraries in the U.S. and the Outlying Areas. Information such as public service hours per year, circulation of library books, etc., number of librarians, population of...

  14. 78 FR 12105 - Submission for OMB Review, Comment Request, Proposed Collection: Public Needs for Library and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    .... 9108), the intention of the PNLMS (formerly the PDMLS, Public Demand for Museum and Library Services.... Current Actions: This notice proposes clearance of the Public Needs for Library and Museum Services (PNLMS...: Public Needs for Library and Museum Services Survey. OMB Number: To Be Determined. Agency Number:...

  15. 76 FR 68775 - Renewal of Information Collection for Source Directory Publication

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ... and request for comments. SUMMARY: The Indian Arts and Crafts Board (IACB) collects information to... the Directory. Information collected Reason for collection Name of business, mailing address, To... recognized tribe. The proposed use of the information: The information collected will be used by the...

  16. Screening Prosopis (mesquite) germplasm for biomass production and nitrogen fixation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Felker, P.; Cannell, G.H.; Clark, P.R.; Osborn, J.F.

    1980-01-01

    The nitrogen-fixing trees of the genus Prosopis (mesquite or algaroba) are well adapted to the semi-arid and often saline regions of the world. These trees may produce firewood or pods for livestock food, they may stabilize sand dunes and they may enrich the soil by production of leaf litter supported by nitrogen fixation. A collection of nearly 500 Prosopis accessions representing North and South American and African germplasm has been established. Seventy of these accessions representing 14 taxa are being grown under field conditions where a 30-fold range in biomass productivity among accessions has been estimated. In a greehouse experiment, 13 Prosopis taxa grew on nitrogen-free medium nodulated, and had a 10-fold difference in nitrogen fixation (acetylene reduction). When Prosopis is propagated by seed the resulting trees are extremely variable in growth rate and presence or absence of thorns. Propagation of 6 Prosopis taxa by stem cuttings has been achieved with low success (1 to 10%) in field-grown plants and with higher success (50 to 100%) with young actively growing greenhouse plants.

  17. Municipal household solid waste collection strategies in an African megacity: analysis of public private partnership performance in Lagos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliu, Ibrahim Rotimi; Adeyemi, Oluwagbemiga Ezekiel; Adebayo, Adeolu

    2014-09-01

    Managing municipal solid waste is a pervasive urban problem globally. While several strategies have been applied for efficient municipal solid waste management in developing economies, their performance level has not been critically investigated. Among these strategies, the public private partnership has widest appeal. This study examines the performance of public private partnership in household solid waste collection in Lagos, Nigeria. We collected primary data using a municipal solid waste survey in three residential density areas of Lagos megacity. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data. Two indexes of service performance, namely the service reliability index and operational quality index, were created to produce evidence on public private partnership performance in municipal solid waste collection in Lagos. Results show that the average amount of household solid waste generation per week ranges between 22.75 kg in the medium residential density area and 30.39 kg in the high residential density region of the city. The estimated per capita waste generated in Lagos Megacity is 0.95 kg day(-1). Regression models indicate that the public private partnership performance is significantly influenced by economic status, affordability, flexibility, consistency, cleanliness, coverage and accessibility, as well as number of waste collection vehicles, vehicle maintenance, capacity, trip rate, frequency, number of personnel and quality of personnel. Findings from this study reveal that Lagos residents have strong positive perception of public private partnership as a waste collection policy framework. The study has important policy and practical implications for urban waste management, public health and sustainability in developing economies. © The Author(s) 2014.

  18. Genetic diversity analysis of Gossypium arboreum germplasm accessions using genotyping-by-sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ruijuan; Erpelding, John E

    2016-10-01

    The diploid cotton species Gossypium arboreum possesses many favorable agronomic traits such as drought tolerance and disease resistance, which can be utilized in the development of improved upland cotton cultivars. The USDA National Plant Germplasm System maintains more than 1600 G. arboreum accessions. Little information is available on the genetic diversity of the collection thereby limiting the utilization of this cotton species. The genetic diversity and population structure of the G. arboreum germplasm collection were assessed by genotyping-by-sequencing of 375 accessions. Using genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism sequence data, two major clusters were inferred with 302 accessions in Cluster 1, 64 accessions in Cluster 2, and nine accessions unassigned due to their nearly equal membership to each cluster. These two clusters were further evaluated independently resulting in the identification of two sub-clusters for the 302 Cluster 1 accessions and three sub-clusters for the 64 Cluster 2 accessions. Low to moderate genetic diversity between clusters and sub-clusters were observed indicating a narrow genetic base. Cluster 2 accessions were more genetically diverse and the majority of the accessions in this cluster were landraces. In contrast, Cluster 1 is composed of varieties or breeding lines more recently added to the collection. The majority of the accessions had kinship values ranging from 0.6 to 0.8. Eight pairs of accessions were identified as potential redundancies due to their high kinship relatedness. The genetic diversity and genotype data from this study are essential to enhance germplasm utilization to identify genetically diverse accessions for the detection of quantitative trait loci associated with important traits that would benefit upland cotton improvement.

  19. 77 FR 53903 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: OneCPD Technical Assistance and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-04

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Julie Hovden, Director, Technical Assistance Division, Office of Technical Assistance and... responses. This Notice also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: OneCPD Technical Assistance... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: OneCPD Technical...

  20. 75 FR 26271 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Study of the Low Income Housing Tax...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-11

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Study of the Low Income.... Title of Proposal: Study of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) Program After 15 Years. Description of the need for the information and proposed use: The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit...

  1. 75 FR 63194 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Follow-Up Survey and Data...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Follow-Up Survey... information technology that will reduce burden, (e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses). This Notice also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Evaluation of the Rapid Re-housing for...

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    2010-02-10

    .... The workshops will add a narrative dimension to the reasons for non-adoption to the statistical... COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection Being Submitted for Review and Approval to the Office of... the web page called ''Currently Under Review'', (3) click on the downward- pointing arrow in...

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    2010-01-26

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Tracking the Use of CDBG... responses. Title of Proposal: Tracking the Use of Homeowner and Small Landlord Disaster Assistance Grants... response: The researchers will survey a random sample of homeowners and small landlords; 984...

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    2010-10-22

    ...: Office of Urban Indian Health Programs; Uniform Data System AGENCY: Indian Health Service. ACTION: Notice... submitted directly to OMB. Proposed Collection: Title: Office of Urban Indian Health Programs (OUIHP... evaluating performance and reporting on annual trends. Affected Public: Title V funded urban Indian...

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    2010-11-05

    ... market structure on consumer satisfaction with available broadcast radio and television service. The... consumer satisfaction with available broadcast radio and television service. This collection of data and...: Consumer survey. Form Number: Not applicable. Type of Review: New Collection. Respondents: Individuals...

  6. 78 FR 54467 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

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    2013-09-04

    .... Information Collection Request Title: Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information, Security Standards for the Protection of Electronic Protected Health Information, and Supporting... Secretary (OS), Department of Health and Human Services, has submitted an Information Collection Request...

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    2013-09-12

    .... Information Collection Request Title: Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information, Security Standards for the Protection of Electronic Protected Health Information, and Supporting... Secretary (OS), Department of Health and Human Services, has submitted an Information Collection Request...

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    2011-03-16

    ... collected; and (4) the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology to... Impact Evaluation of the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program Grantees: First Follow-up Data Collection--OMB... of the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative. OAH is working collaboratively with the Office of the...

  9. 76 FR 14399 - Agency Information Collection Request; 60-Day Public Comment Request

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    2011-03-16

    ... collected; and (4) the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology to... Evaluation of the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program Grantees: Baseline Data Collection--OMB No. OS-0990--NEW... of the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative. OAH is working collaboratively with the Office of the...

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    2013-01-11

    ... Office of Management and Budget (0MB) for review. This proposed information collection project was... data collection instruments to meet the information collection requirements contained in the Rule. 45... to request that the covered entity provide an accounting of disclosures of protected health...

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    2013-07-18

    ... respond to a collection of information, to search data sources, to complete and review the collection of... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and...

  12. 76 FR 24911 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Physical Needs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-03

    ... across the Public Housing portfolio and evaluation of the impact of the Capital Fund in meeting the... aggregation of an estimate of the capital needs across the Public Housing portfolio and evaluation of the impact of the Capital Fund in meeting the physical needs based upon review of the annual updates. DATES...

  13. 75 FR 39259 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... an Epi-X Forum discussion Web page. Respondents can provide their answers to the survey questions by... States. Epi-X is CDC's Web-based communication system for securely communicating during public health... functionalities that permit targeting of critical outbreak information to specific public health authorities...

  14. 78 FR 69090 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-18

    ... following public health emergencies that have multi-jurisdictional impacts and implications. The incidents... current and ongoing public health incident and response activities. Respondents will receive the survey.... There are no costs to respondents except their time. Estimated Annualized Burden Hours Average Number...

  15. 77 FR 70175 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Mortgage Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ... information to HUD for approval to allow PHAs to grant a mortgage in public housing real estate or a security... grant a mortgage in public housing real estate or a security interest in some tangible form of personal... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING...

  16. Collection, Curation, Citation at Source: Publication@Source 10 Years On

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy Frey

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Southampton chemical information group had its genesis in 2001, when we began an e-Science pilot project to investigate structure-property mapping, combinatorial chemistry, and the Grid. CombeChem instigated a range of activities that have since been underway for more than ten years, in many ways matching the expansion of interest in using the Web as a vehicle for collection, curation, dissemination, reuse, and exploitation of scientific data and information. Chemistry has frequently provided the exemplar case studies, notably for the series of projects – funded by Jisc and EPSRC – that investigated the issues associated with the long-term preservation of data to support the scholarly knowledge cycle, such as the eBank UK project. Rapid developments in Internet access and mobile technology have significantly influenced the way researchers view connectivity, data standards, and the increasing importance and power of semantics and the Semantic Web. These technical advances interact strongly with the social dimension and have led to a reconsideration of the responsibilities of researchers for the quality of their research and for satisfying the requirements of modern stakeholders. Such obligations have given rise to discussions about Open Access and Open Data, creating a range of alternatives that are now technically feasible but need to be socially acceptable. Business plans are changing too, but in a strange contradiction, desire can run ahead of what is possible, sensible, and affordable, while lagging behind in imagination of what would be technically possible and potentially game-changing! Taking the chemical sciences as our example and focusing on the curation of research data, we explore from our perspective, ten years back and ten years forward, how far we have been able to re-imagine the data/information value pathway from bench to publication. We assess not only the major advances and changes that have been achieved, but also

  17. Update on NHANES Dietary Data: Focus on Collection, Release, Analytical Considerations, and Uses to Inform Public Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahluwalia, Namanjeet; Dwyer, Johanna; Terry, Ana; Moshfegh, Alanna; Johnson, Clifford

    2016-01-01

    NHANES is the cornerstone for national nutrition monitoring to inform nutrition and health policy. Nutritional assessment in NHANES is described with a focus on dietary data collection, analysis, and uses in nutrition monitoring. NHANES has been collecting thorough data on diet, nutritional status, and chronic disease in cross-sectional surveys with nationally representative samples since the early 1970s. Continuous data collection began in 1999 with public data release in 2-y cycles on ∼10,000 participants. In 2002, the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals and the NHANES dietary component were merged, forming a consolidated dietary data collection known as What We Eat in America; since then, 24-h recalls have been collected on 2 d using the USDA's Automated Multiple-Pass Method. Detailed and targeted food-frequency questionnaires have been collected in some NHANES cycles. Dietary supplement use data have been collected (in detail since 2007) so that total nutrient intakes can be described for the population. The continuous NHANES can adapt its content to address emerging public health needs and reflect federal priorities. Changes in data collection methods are made after expert input and validation/crossover studies. NHANES dietary data are used to describe intake of foods, nutrients, food groups, and dietary patterns by the US population and large sociodemographic groups to plan and evaluate nutrition programs and policies. Usual dietary intake distributions can be estimated after adjusting for day-to-day variation. NHANES remains open and flexible to incorporate improvements while maintaining data quality and providing timely data to track the nation's nutrition and health status. In summary, NHANES collects dietary data in the context of its broad, multipurpose goals; the strengths and limitations of these data are also discussed in this review.

  18. The Use of Personal Value Estimations to Select Images for Preservation in Public Library Digital Community Collections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Copeland

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A considerable amount of information, particularly in image form, is shared on the web through social networking sites. If any of this content is worthy of preservation, who decides what is to be preserved and based on what criteria. This paper explores the potential for public libraries to assume this role of community digital repositories through the creation of digital collections. Thirty public library users and thirty librarians were solicited from the Indianapolis metropolitan area to evaluate five images selected from Flickr in terms of their value to public library digital collections and their worthiness of long-term preservation. Using a seven-point Likert scale, participants assigned a value to each image in terms of its importance to self, family and society. Participants were then asked to explain the reasoning behind their valuations. Public library users and librarians had similar value estimations of the images in the study. This is perhaps the most significant finding of the study, given the importance of collaboration and forming partnerships for building and sustaining community collections and archives.

  19. Establishment of the U.S. castor (Ricinus communis L.) core collection using seed chemical composition analysis and genotyping with EST-SSR markers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natural genetic variation exists in the plant germplasm collections. Normally the germplasm collection for a specific species encompasses many accessions. Due to its large number of accessions, the entire collection is hard to handle and can’t be easily utilized. To facilitate the end-users (such as...

  20. 76 FR 31336 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-31

    ... poverty, poor access to preventive medical services, and homophobia, which causes some men who have sex... public buses with video monitors, on video kiosks, and on Web sites. There is no cost to...

  1. 75 FR 19417 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment for Housing Choice Voucher (HCV...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-14

    ... Voucher (HCV) Family Self-Sufficiency (FSS) Program AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Public... also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Family...

  2. 77 FR 30306 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Hispanic Serving Institutions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    ...: SF-425, HUD-40077, and HUD-96010. Members of the Affected Public: Nonprofit Hispanic-Serving Institutions ] that meet the definition of an HSI established in Title V of the 1998 Amendments to the...

  3. 77 FR 74484 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-14

    ... of death among young people, and increasingly recognized as an important public health and social... victim and alleged offender(s)--including demographic data, their academic and criminal records,...

  4. Let’s Get Counterinsurgency Right: Collective Action Theory in Joint Publication 3-24

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    fractured communities persist. Community solutions to participation in the Taliban’s insurgency were also based on common values. Two mechanisms are...own behalf. The group had fractured further however, and rather severely, such that any negotiation was seen as meaningless.106 This may have been an...support from the population. Seeking reparation of a public bad instead of a public good is typically more mobilizing. So too, groups seeking non

  5. 78 FR 2684 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Annual Progress Report (APR) for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-14

    ... appropriate automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology; e.g., permitting... (SRO) Program. Estimation of the total number of hours needed to prepare the information collection...,250 responses x 1,680 minutes = 91,000 hours per annum) + AHAR with Automated Software Report (425...

  6. 77 FR 10750 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ... each of the centers each year. ] Parents are also asked to collect cheek cells from themselves and their infant for DNA. The collection of cheek cells by the mother, father, and infant takes about 10.... NBDPS control infants are randomly selected from birth certificates or birth hospital records. Mothers...

  7. 76 FR 76164 - Agency Information Collection Request; 60-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-06

    ... collected; and (4) the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology to... adolescent pregnancy prevention evaluation efforts as part of the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative. OAH... expand available evidence on effective ways to reduce teen pregnancy. The evaluation will document and...

  8. 76 FR 53901 - Agency Information Collection Request; 30-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-30

    ... collected; and (4) the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology to... within 60-days. Proposed Project: The Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) Teen Pregnancy Prevention... funding a total of 107 grantees to conduct teen pregnancy prevention programs. Grantees are funded to...

  9. 76 FR 33760 - Agency Information Collection Request. 60-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-09

    ... collected; and (4) the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology to... within 60-days. Proposed Project: The Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) Teen Pregnancy Prevention... funding a total of 107 grantees to conduct teen pregnancy prevention programs. Grantees are funded to...

  10. 75 FR 39694 - Agency Information Collection Request. 60-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    ... collected; and (4) the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology to... efforts as part of the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative. OAH is working collaboratively with the... available evidence on effective ways to reduce teen pregnancy. The evaluation will document and test a range...

  11. 75 FR 39695 - 60-Day Notice; Agency Information Collection Request; 60-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    ... collected; and (4) the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology to... the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative. OAH is working collaboratively with the Office of the... evidence on effective ways to reduce teen pregnancy. The evaluation will document and test a range of...

  12. 76 FR 60840 - Agency Information Collection Request; 30-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... collected; and (4) the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology to... evaluation efforts as part of the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative. OAH is working collaboratively with... evidence on effective ways to reduce teen pregnancy. The evaluation will document and test a range of...

  13. 78 FR 17408 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ... respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information... CDC is requesting the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) grant a three year approval to collect... information, training, technical assistance and technology transfer. The PTCs and CBAs offer classroom...

  14. 76 FR 77297 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-12

    ... balances. Title: ``Transaction Report on Loans Serviced by Lenders''. Description of Respondents: Small...'s intentions to request approval on a new and/or currently approved information collection. DATES... collected to access the participants financial condition and continued eligibility. Title: ``8(a) Annual...

  15. 77 FR 70443 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    ... train personnel and to be able to respond to a collection of information, to search data sources, to... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB...

  16. 78 FR 70308 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ... be able to respond to a collection of information; to search data sources; to complete and review the... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection...

  17. 77 FR 71425 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-30

    ... collection of information, to search data sources, to complete and review the collection of information, and... information requested, and to complete the online survey. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments to the desk officer... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...

  18. 78 FR 48679 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... sources, to complete and review the collection of information, and to transmit or otherwise disclose the... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB...

  19. 78 FR 27973 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-13

    ... be able to respond to a collection of information; to search data sources; to complete and review the... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection...

  20. 78 FR 63980 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... information, to search data sources, to complete and review the collection of information, and to transmit or... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB...

  1. 78 FR 63979 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... train personnel and to be able to respond to a collection of information, to search data sources, to... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB...

  2. 78 FR 68450 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-14

    ... throughout the U.S. Most are designed to collect information from just one particular mobility silo, such as... holistic and empowerment driven self-administered assessments. The data collected in this project will... awareness); about which mobility domains are most valuable to include in the Tool (e.g., which are of...

  3. 78 FR 78358 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-26

    ... reference. Information Collection Request Title: Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) Pregnancy Assistance Fund (PAF) Performance Measures Collection: HHS-OS-0990-NEW-PAF. Abstract: The Pregnancy Assistance Fund... States and Tribes to provide expectant and parenting teens and women with a seamless network...

  4. Evaluation and characterization of sunflower germplasm accessions for quantitative characters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikas Kulkarni, I.Shankegoud and M.R. Govindappa

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Sunflower germplasm accessions (143 were evaluated for yield and yield contributing characters to study the extentof variation for different quantitative traits. The germplasm accessions were also characterized on qualitative traits. Highest phenotypic and genotypic coefficients of variation were recorded for seed yield per plant (53.4 % and 46.9% respectively followed by head diameter, test weight, plant height,volume weight and oil content. High heritability was noticed for all the traits studied. High heritability coupled with high genetic advance over mean has been recorded for seed yield per plant (77 and 65.1 followed by head diameter, test weight and plant height. It was noticed that sunflower germplasm accessions exhibited wide range of variability for all the morphological characters studied like leaf shape, leaf color, leaf serrations, leaf hairiness, stem hairiness, indicator leaf, petiole anthocyanin, branching, leaf angle, petiole length, stem pigmentation and pollen color.

  5. Gene banking: A quality control perspective on collection, and analysis of samples for a national repository

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Animal Germplasm Program (NAGP) is developing a national repository for germplasm (semen, oocytes, embryos, blood, DNA, tissue) for all agricultural species in the United States. Currently, the swine collection consists of 127,479 samples from 886 boars representing 20 major, minor and...

  6. 75 FR 20870 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-21

    ... enhance the quality of the collection, to Janis Ackerman, Financial Analyst, Office of Microloan, Small...: Janis Ackerman, Financial Analyst, Office of Microloan, 202-205-7798 janis.ackerman@sba.gov Curtis...

  7. 75 FR 6226 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-08

    ... enhance the quality of the collection, to Sandra Johnston, Program Analyst, Office of Financial Assistance... CONTACT: Sandra Johnston, Office of Financial Assistance, 202-205-7528, ] sandra.johnston@sba.gov ....

  8. 78 FR 59941 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection Activities... best practices, leveraging the influence of national associations and organizations related to... identify best practices that can be shared with all hospital partners on monthly webinars. Likely...

  9. 75 FR 36121 - Proposed Information Collection Request Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations; Safety...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-24

    ... the use of the conveyor belt entry as a ventilation intake to course fresh air to working sections and... view documents supporting the Federal Register Notice. III. Current Actions This request for collection...

  10. 77 FR 11544 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ... the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the.... Multi-component approaches may include a combination of clinic services, sexuality education programs...

  11. 76 FR 81942 - Agency Information Collection Request 30-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... Pregnancy Prevention Initiative demonstrate effects on adolescent sexual risk behavior and teenage pregnancy.... Proposed Project: Teen Pregnancy Prevention Replication Evaluation: Implementation Data Collection--OMB No... overseeing and coordinating adolescent pregnancy prevention evaluation efforts as part of ] the Teen...

  12. 76 FR 67457 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ... collect statistics on the extent and nature of illness and disability of the population of the United... Behavioral Health Statistics & Quality (CBHSQ) of the Substance Abuse & Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA...

  13. 77 FR 20401 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... Medicine, and RESOLVE: the National Infertility Association (a national, nonprofit consumer organization... across individuals. Data elements and definitions currently in use reflect CDC's consultations with... consumers. CDC, the data collection contractor, and partner organizations engage in ongoing dialogue...

  14. 75 FR 80507 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    ... reporting back to CDC. The forms are specific to the nature of the investigation; Tuberculosis (TB), Measles... collect the following categories of information: Heath status of traveler, clinical history...

  15. 76 FR 18765 - Agency Information Collection Request; 60-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... personnel, and by several former and current chief actuaries at health insurers. Data collection activities... respondents respondent response hours Self-administered web survey Chief Actuary at health insurance 408 1...

  16. 76 FR 45574 - Agency Information Collection Request: 30-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-29

    ... several former and current chief actuaries at health insurers. Data collection activities will be... per response hours Self-administered web survey Chief Actuary at health insurance 408 1 45/60...

  17. 77 FR 61411 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-09

    ... ambulatory surgery locations (ASLs); and freestanding ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs). The National Center... surgery locations, and in 2010 began collection of data from free-standing ambulatory surgery centers... ASL). FREESTANDING AMBULATORY SURGERY CENTERS (FSASC) FSASC Chief Executive Officer.......

  18. 78 FR 14106 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Enterprise Income Verification (EIV...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... collection to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review, as required by the Paper Reduction Act of... the Federal Register on July 20, 2005 at 70 FR 41780 and updated on August 8, 2006 at 71 FR 45066....

  19. 77 FR 10781 - Proposed Extension of Information Collection Request Submitted for Public Comment; Affordable...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ... longer are required to include diagnosis and treatment codes on notices of adverse benefit determination and final internal adverse benefit determination. Instead, they must notify claimants of the... Benefits Security Administration Proposed Extension of Information Collection Request Submitted for...

  20. 78 FR 71668 - Proposed Extension of Information Collection Requests Submitted for Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... benefits under the plan or health insurance coverage, or in the individual market, provides a primary... Policy and Research, Employee Benefits Security Administration. BILLING CODE 4510-29-P ... Benefits Security Administration Proposed Extension of Information Collection Requests Submitted for...

  1. 78 FR 76310 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    ... Transitions Coordinator (CTC) working with Community Health Workers (CHW) in 11 participating network... program. Data collection will focus on client/ family satisfaction, whether goals were achieved in working... of the program's implementation. Finally, quantitative data will be gathered for studying...

  2. 76 FR 13697 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... enhance the quality of the collection, to Jody Raskind, Chief, Microenterprise Development Branch, Small...: Jody Raskind, mail to: Chief, Microenterprise Development Branch, 202-205-7076 or jody.raskind@sba.gov...

  3. 77 FR 8875 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... accompanied by abnormal bleeding from any site); or (2) acute respiratory syndrome (severe cough or severe..., accompanied by stiff neck or change in level of consciousness. CDC has the authority to collect...

  4. 75 FR 4567 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-28

    ... Behaviors among Hispanic Adolescents--New--National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, and Tuberculosis Elimination Programs (NCHHSTP), Centers for Disease Control and... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for...

  5. 75 FR 45118 - Agency Information Collection Request; 30-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ...) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) the use... safety of all blood products--red blood cells, fresh frozen plasma, and platelets, as well as...

  6. 75 FR 48968 - Agency Information Collection Request. 30-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-12

    ...) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) the use..., utilization, and safety of all blood products--red blood cells, fresh frozen plasma, and platelets, as well...

  7. 78 FR 42949 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-18

    ... Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual and Transgender (LGBT) Issues have prioritized the collection of health data on LGBT populations. In response, OWH funded an initiative to identify and test effective and...

  8. 78 FR 42951 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-18

    ... Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual and Transgender (LGBT) Issues have prioritized the collection of health data on LGBT populations. In response, OWH funded an initiative to identify and test effective and innovative...

  9. 78 FR 42946 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-18

    ...) ] Coordinating Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual and Transgender (LGBT) Issues has prioritized the collection of health data on LGBT populations. In response, OWH funded an initiative to ``identify and test...

  10. 78 FR 42950 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-18

    ... on Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual and Transgender (LGBT) Issues has prioritized the collection of health data on LGBT populations. In response, OWH funded an initiative to identify and test effective and...

  11. 78 FR 42948 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-18

    ... on Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual and Transgender (LGBT) Issues have prioritized the collection of health data on LGBT populations. In response, OWH funded an initiative to identify and test effective and...

  12. 77 FR 43410 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... the collection, to Gina Beyer, Supervisor Administrative Officer, Office of Disaster Assistance, Small... Byer, Supervisor Administrative Officer, 202-205-6450 gina.beyer@sba.gov Curtis B. Rich,...

  13. 77 FR 47072 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-07

    ..., and treatment of congenital syphilis cases. Continued data collection will assist in identifying needs... required because treponemal IgM technologies, for the purpose of identifying CS in an infant, are...

  14. 燕麦种质资源研究进展%Research Progress of Avena sativa L.Germplasm Resource

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李颖; 毛培胜

    2013-01-01

    Researches about Avena saliva L. Germplasm for over a decade at home and abroad was reviewed from aspects of germplasm collection, preservation, evaluation, utilization, and molecular genetics. The problems in the current researches were discussed and the prospect was forecasted so as to offer some reference for research of A. Saliva in China.%主要从燕麦(Avena sativa L.)种质资源的收集与保存、评价、利用、分子遗传学研究等方面对近十几年来国内外对燕麦种质资源的研究进行了简要综述,并对我国目前燕麦研究中的问题进行了探讨并作出展望,以期为我国燕麦研究提供参考.

  15. RAPD analysis of the genetic diversity of mango (Mangifera indica) germplasm in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, I G B; Valente, S E S; Britto, F B; de Souza, V A B; Lima, P S C

    2011-12-14

    We evaluated genetic variability of mango (Mangifera indica) accessions maintained in the Active Germplasm Bank of Embrapa Meio-Norte in Teresina, Piauí, Brazil, using RAPDs. Among these accessions, 35 originated from plantings in Brazil, six from the USA and one from India. Genomic DNA, extracted from leaf material using a commercial purification kit, was subjected to PCR with the primers A01, A09, G03, G10, N05, and M16. Fifty-five polymorphic loci were identified, with mean of 9.16 ± 3.31 bands per primer and 100% polymorphism. Application of unweighted pair group method using arithmetic average cluster analysis demonstrated five genotypic groups among the accessions examined. The genotypes Rosa 41, Rosa 48 and Rosa 49 were highly similar (94% similarity), whereas genotypes Sensation and Rosa 18 were the most divergent (only 7% similarity). The mango accessions were found to have considerable genetic variability, demonstrating the importance of analyzing each genotype in a collection in order to efficiently maintain the germplasm collection.

  16. Genetic structure from the oldest Jatropha germplasm bank of Brazil and contribution for the genetic improvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DALILHIA N. DOS SANTOS

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Jatropha is a potential oilseed crop, which requires mitigating factors such as the low genetic variability of the species. The solution runs through the research of Brazilian germplasm. Attention should be given to the germplasm of jatropha the north of Minas Gerais, because this is the oldest national collection and because this region may be a regions of jatropha diversity due to selection pressure arising from environmental adversities. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity of 48 accessions of collection from Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais (EPAMIG, using SSR and ISSR markers. The results showed low genetic diversity, but some individuals stood out as J. mollissima (48, J. podagrica (47, Mexican accessions (42, 43, 44 and 45 and some national accessions (28, 29, 41 and 46. Therefore, aiming to increase the genetic variability and improve the effectiveness of jatropha breeding programs, it is suggested to explore such as parental accessions to generate commercial hybrids. This fact implies the possibility to support future production of jatropha, since this culture may be an important source of income, especially for small farmers living in semiarid regions of Brazil.

  17. [Current status of mangrove germplasm resources and key techniques for mangrove seedling propagation in China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Hong-You; Chen, Shun-Yang; Wang, Wen-Qing; Dong, Ke-Zuan; Lin, Guang-Hui

    2012-04-01

    Mangrove germplasm and nursery operation are the foundations of all mangrove ecological restoration projects. Based on the existing literatures and our own experiences, and by using cluster analysis and other methods, this paper assessed the current status of the mangrove germplasm resources and the key techniques for mangrove seedlings propagation in China. In China, the mangrove communities could be divided into 4 types, including low temperature tolerant widespread type, widespread type, thermophilic widespread type, and tropical type, and the mangrove distribution sites could be divided into 5 regions, i. e., eastern Hainan coast, Beibuwan Gulf coast, Pearl River estuary and eastern Guangdong coast, southern Fujian and Taiwan coast, and eastern Fujian and southern Zhejiang coast. The mangroves in Beibuwan Gulf coast region took up 75.3% of the total mangrove germplasm resources in the country. At present, the percentage of the mangrove species applied for seedling propagation in China was estimated at 52.6%, most of which were of viviparous species. The six key steps in mangrove nursery operation included the selection of proper seedling propagation methods, the collection and storage of seeds or propagules, the ways of raising seedlings, the management of water and salinity, the control of diseases and pests, and the prevention of cold damage during winter. The structure, functions, and applieations of the present five types of mangrove nurseries, including dry land nursery, mangrove tidal nursery, mudflat nursery, Jiwei pond nursery, and Spartina mudflat nursery, were also analyzed, which could provide guidance for the integrated management of mangrove ecological restoration engineering.

  18. Linkage disequilibrium based association mapping of fiber quality traits in G. hirsutum L. variety germplasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdurakhmonov, Ibrokhim Y; Saha, Sukumar; Jenkins, Jonnie N; Buriev, Zabardast T; Shermatov, Shukhrat E; Scheffler, Brain E; Pepper, Alan E; Yu, John Z; Kohel, Russell J; Abdukarimov, Abdusattor

    2009-07-01

    Cotton is the world's leading cash crop, but it lags behind other major crops for marker-assisted breeding due to limited polymorphisms and a genetic bottleneck through historic domestication. This underlies a need for characterization, tagging, and utilization of existing natural polymorphisms in cotton germplasm collections. Here we report genetic diversity, population characteristics, the extent of linkage disequilibrium (LD), and association mapping of fiber quality traits using 202 microsatellite marker primer pairs in 335 G. hirsutum germplasm grown in two diverse environments, Uzbekistan and Mexico. At the significance threshold (r (2) >or= 0.1), a genome-wide average of LD extended up to genetic distance of 25 cM in assayed cotton variety accessions. Genome wide LD at r (2) >or= 0.2 was reduced to approximately 5-6 cM, providing evidence of the potential for association mapping of agronomically important traits in cotton. Results suggest linkage, selection, inbreeding, population stratification, and genetic drift as the potential LD-generating factors in cotton. In two environments, an average of ~20 SSR markers was associated with each main fiber quality traits using a unified mixed liner model (MLM) incorporating population structure and kinship. These MLM-derived significant associations were confirmed in general linear model and structured association test, accounting for population structure and permutation-based multiple testing. Several common markers, showing the significant associations in both Uzbekistan and Mexican environments, were determined. Between 7 and 43% of the MLM-derived significant associations were supported by a minimum Bayes factor at 'moderate to strong' and 'strong to very strong' evidence levels, suggesting their usefulness for marker-assisted breeding programs and overall effectiveness of association mapping using cotton germplasm resources.

  19. RACTIONS IN URBAN AND COLLECTIVE MEMORY AND TRANSFORMATION OF PUBLIC SPACE: THE HARBOR EXAMPLE IN THE KYRENIA TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ümmü ALTAN BAYRAKTAR

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Nowadays, under the impact of modernization and capitalism, material, social and individual life change in a major pace and scale. The change and evolution of our living spaces in the same pace and scale have lead the people to question the dynamics between past and present. Thus; making research on the relationship between memory and space has brought up; apart from the other studies, the interest to understand the existence of city centers that ensure the sustainability of city and urbanism as a public space, their change and transformation has increased. As a result of recent steps on the economic ration- ality logic, historic- cultural heritage and historic urban patterns have started to be lost. This change and transformation caused fragments in urban and collective memory and stopped the public spaces being living spaces. ‘Harbor’ located in the city of Kyrenia in Cyprus is covered under the scope of this study with its change throughout historical process, physical and social features from the aspects of fragments within urban and collective memory and space and power in the transformation of public space. The theoretical basis of the study is aimed to be the concept of Public Sphere by Jürgen Habermas and Col- lective Memory by Maurice Halbwachs.

  20. Dilemma of dilemmas: how collective and individual perspectives can clarify the size dilemma in voluntary linear public goods dilemmas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shank, Daniel B; Kashima, Yoshihisa; Saber, Saam; Gale, Thomas; Kirley, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Empirical findings on public goods dilemmas indicate an unresolved dilemma: that increasing size-the number of people in the dilemma-sometimes increases, decreases, or does not influence cooperation. We clarify this dilemma by first classifying public goods dilemma properties that specify individual outcomes as individual properties (e.g., Marginal Per Capita Return) and group outcomes as group properties (e.g., public good multiplier), mathematically showing how only one set of properties can remain constant as the dilemma size increases. Underpinning decision-making regarding individual and group properties, we propose that individuals are motivated by both individual and group preferences based on a theory of collective rationality. We use Van Lange's integrated model of social value orientations to operationalize these preferences as an amalgamation of outcomes for self, outcomes for others, and equality of outcomes. Based on this model, we then predict how the public good's benefit and size, combined with controlling individual versus group properties, produce different levels of cooperation in public goods dilemmas. A two (low vs. high benefit) by three (2-person baseline vs. 5-person holding constant individual properties vs. 5-person holding constant group properties) factorial experiment (group n = 99; participant n = 390) confirms our hypotheses. The results indicate that when holding constant group properties, size decreases cooperation. Yet when holding constant individual properties, size increases cooperation when benefit is low and does not affect cooperation when benefit is high. Using agent-based simulations of individual and group preferences vis-à-vis the integrative model, we fit a weighted simulation model to the empirical data. This fitted model is sufficient to reproduce the empirical results, but only when both individual (self-interest) and group (other-interest and equality) preference are included. Our research contributes to

  1. Dilemma of dilemmas: how collective and individual perspectives can clarify the size dilemma in voluntary linear public goods dilemmas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel B Shank

    Full Text Available Empirical findings on public goods dilemmas indicate an unresolved dilemma: that increasing size-the number of people in the dilemma-sometimes increases, decreases, or does not influence cooperation. We clarify this dilemma by first classifying public goods dilemma properties that specify individual outcomes as individual properties (e.g., Marginal Per Capita Return and group outcomes as group properties (e.g., public good multiplier, mathematically showing how only one set of properties can remain constant as the dilemma size increases. Underpinning decision-making regarding individual and group properties, we propose that individuals are motivated by both individual and group preferences based on a theory of collective rationality. We use Van Lange's integrated model of social value orientations to operationalize these preferences as an amalgamation of outcomes for self, outcomes for others, and equality of outcomes. Based on this model, we then predict how the public good's benefit and size, combined with controlling individual versus group properties, produce different levels of cooperation in public goods dilemmas. A two (low vs. high benefit by three (2-person baseline vs. 5-person holding constant individual properties vs. 5-person holding constant group properties factorial experiment (group n = 99; participant n = 390 confirms our hypotheses. The results indicate that when holding constant group properties, size decreases cooperation. Yet when holding constant individual properties, size increases cooperation when benefit is low and does not affect cooperation when benefit is high. Using agent-based simulations of individual and group preferences vis-à-vis the integrative model, we fit a weighted simulation model to the empirical data. This fitted model is sufficient to reproduce the empirical results, but only when both individual (self-interest and group (other-interest and equality preference are included. Our research contributes

  2. 76 FR 39418 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... submit financial information annually to HUD. The Uniform Financial Reporting Standards for HUD housing... Financial Management Template AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD. ACTION: Notice... requires public housing agencies to submit financial information annually to HUD. The Uniform Financial...

  3. 78 FR 35286 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... provided federally-insured loans to students in schools of allopathic medicine, osteopathic medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, optometry, podiatric medicine, pharmacy, public health, allied health, or... agencies, HEAL schools, and insurance companies made new refinanced HEAL loans which are insured by the...

  4. Concerning Descriptive Standards: A Partnership between Public Archives and Private Collections in Geneva, Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth-Lochner, Barbara; Grange, Didier

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a partnership begun in 2002 in the field of archival description between the Geneva City Archives (AVG) and the Manuscripts Department of the Public and University Library of Geneva (BPU). This cooperation has allowed the creation of two computer applications, which share technical and conceptual foundations.…

  5. 77 FR 33462 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-06

    ... problems, accounting for 70% of all deaths in the U.S. These diseases also cause major limitations in daily... devastating effects of these diseases. Recent legislative developments highlight the importance of chronic... objectives of the campaigns are to increase public awareness of these messages, shift attitudes and...

  6. 75 FR 74053 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

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    2010-11-30

    ... statistics on the extent and nature of illness and disability of the population of the United States. Section 520 of the Public Health Service Act establishes the Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), and authorizes the CMHS to conduct...

  7. 78 FR 35039 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... Cell Therapeutic Outcomes Database (OMB No. 0915-0310)--Revision. Abstract: The Stem Cell Therapeutic and Research Act of 2005, Public Law (Pub. L.) 109-129, as amended by the Stem Cell Therapeutic and... maintenance of human blood stem cells for the treatment of patients and research. HRSA's Healthcare...

  8. 77 FR 53208 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Survey of Manufactured (Mobile...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-31

    ... Act. The Department is soliciting public comments on the subject proposal. DATES: Comments Due Date..., the Survey of Manufactured (Mobile) Home Placements serves as the basis for HUD's mandated indexing of... develop a method of indexing to annually adjust Title I manufactured home loan limits. This index is...

  9. 77 FR 20650 - Proposed Extension of Information Collection Requests Submitted for Public Comment: Definition of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    ... in the group market from: ] Increasing the group premium or contribution amounts based on genetic... noncompliance will have no effect on eligibility for benefits or premium or contribution amounts. None of the... matter of public record. Dated: March 30, 2012. Joseph S. Piacentini, Director, Office of Policy...

  10. 78 FR 30333 - Proposed Extension of Information Collection Requests Submitted for Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-22

    ... health plan under title XXI of the SSA, in the form of premium assistance for the purchase of coverage... employee resides for premium assistance under Medicaid and CHIP for health coverage of the employee or the... a matter of public record. Dated: May 9, 2013. Joseph S. Piacentini, Director, Office of Policy...

  11. Collecting and Utilizing Evaluation Research for Public Good and on Behalf of African American Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Veronica G.; McKie, Brooke K.

    2006-01-01

    A study indicates that researchers entrusted with evaluating the educational outcomes of African American children must engage their practice for the public good and on behalf of these students. The Howard University Evaluation Training Institute is used as a guide to describe the steps for conducting quality evaluations, and to highlight the…

  12. 76 FR 2121 - Agency Information Collection Request. 60-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-12

    ... within 60-days. Title: HHS Web Site Customer Satisfaction Survey--0990-0321--Office of the Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs. Abstract: The results of the HHS Web Site Customer Satisfaction Survey will be... response (in hours respondent hrs.) Survey 48,000 1 12/60 9,600 Seleda Perryman, Office of the Secretary...

  13. 76 FR 20671 - 30-Day Notice; Agency Information Collection Request; 30-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    .... Title: HHS Web Site Customer Satisfaction Survey--0990-0321-- Reinstatement with change--Office of the Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs. ] Abstract: The results of the HHS Web Site Customer Satisfaction Survey will be used to ensure that the content on the HHS Web sites meets visitor needs and expectations...

  14. 78 FR 11888 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ... interventions targeting schools, how many children are treated in emergency departments, etc.). There will be no... technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice. Proposed Project Asthma..., the CDC began developing its National Asthma Control Program, a population-based, public...

  15. Faculty Voice in Intellectual Property Policies: Collective Action for the Public Good

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kezar, Adrianna

    2017-01-01

    This chapter synthesizes the previous chapters to offer to readers practical recommendations for navigating IP issues, including resources and advice for faculty and administrations to engage in more equitable discussions about the rights of faculty and the interests of the public good.

  16. 78 FR 56707 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ... Survey on Motor Vehicle Safety and Workplace Violence (or, Taxi Driver Survey)--New--National Institute...). Background and Brief Description Under the Public Law 91-596 (Section 20 ), the National Institute for... among taxicab drivers: Transportation-related events (almost exclusively highway-related) and...

  17. 78 FR 75355 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... Therapeutic Outcomes Database. OMB 0915-0310--Revision. Abstract: The Stem Cell Therapeutic and Research Act of 2005, Public Law (Pub. L.) 109-129, as amended by the Stem Cell Therapeutic and Research... blood stem cells for the treatment of patients and research. HRSA's Healthcare Systems Bureau has...

  18. 76 FR 2418 - Proposed Information Collection Request Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-13

    ..., including any personal information you provide, are placed in the public docket without change, and may be... occurring in the workplace and their related hazards. Increased employer awareness should result in the identification and voluntary correction of hazardous workplace conditions. Likewise, employees who are provided...

  19. 76 FR 49487 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-10

    ... and other mobile populations, training healthcare providers, and educating public health departments... techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of..., expatriates, and other globally mobile populations, and to prevent the introduction, transmission, or...

  20. 75 FR 24705 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... tool that analyzes public health surveillance data using methods that detect abnormal trends that could... releases for upgrades and enhancements; track the number of users, the download frequency, and the type of... enhancements. CDC estimates that there will be 150 respondents registered for EARS. Each respondent will...

  1. 75 FR 4395 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of... schools of public health, medicine or osteopathy. Awards are made for five years and may be renewed... impact and effectiveness of the PRC program. PRCs will report the required information to CDC once...

  2. 77 FR 74483 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-14

    ... technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice. Proposed Project Prevention... schools of public health, medicine or osteopathy. Awards are made for five years and may be renewed... objectives, and describe the impact and effectiveness of the PRC Program. There is no change in the number...

  3. 78 FR 61366 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ..., state or local governments, and other public or private nonprofit entities determined appropriate by the... context means the time expended by persons to generate, maintain, retain, disclose or provide the..., processing and maintaining information, and disclosing and providing information; to train personnel and to...

  4. 78 FR 14092 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... by socio-demographic subgroups, and better inform estimates of salt added at the table used in... recommended phased reductions in the sodium content of packaged foods and menu items, and voluntary actions by industry to reduce the sodium content of food. Public comments on these strategies have been solicited by...

  5. 78 FR 66935 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... cervical cancer screening, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment referrals for women diagnosed with cancer... of the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (NBCCEDP) Grantees--New--National... Breast and Cervical Cancer Mortality Prevention Act of 1990 (Public Law 101- 354) which directed CDC to...

  6. 77 FR 12305 - Agency Information Collection Request; 30-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    ... pregnancy prevention evaluation efforts as part of the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative. OAH is working... effective ways to reduce teen pregnancy. The evaluation will document and test a range of pregnancy... the general public, to policy-makers, and to organizations interested in teen pregnancy...

  7. The FIGS (focused identification of germplasm strategy approach identifies traits related to drought adaptation in Vicia faba genetic resources.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Khazaei

    Full Text Available Efficient methods to explore plant agro-biodiversity for climate change adaptive traits are urgently required. The focused identification of germplasm strategy (FIGS is one such approach. FIGS works on the premise that germplasm is likely to reflect the selection pressures of the environment in which it developed. Environmental parameters describing plant germplasm collection sites are used as selection criteria to improve the probability of uncovering useful variation. This study was designed to test the effectiveness of FIGS to search a large faba bean (Vicia faba L. collection for traits related to drought adaptation. Two sets of faba bean accessions were created, one from moisture-limited environments, and the other from wetter sites. The two sets were grown under well watered conditions and leaf morpho-physiological traits related to plant water use were measured. Machine-learning algorithms split the accessions into two groups based on the evaluation data and the groups created by this process were compared to the original climate-based FIGS sets. The sets defined by trait data were in almost perfect agreement to the FIGS sets, demonstrating that ecotypic differentiation driven by moisture availability has occurred within the faba bean genepool. Leaflet and canopy temperature as well as relative water content contributed more than other traits to the discrimination between sets, indicating that their utility as drought-tolerance selection criteria for faba bean germplasm. This study supports the assertion that FIGS could be an effective tool to enhance the discovery of new genes for abiotic stress adaptation.

  8. [Collective action and veto players in public policy: the sanitation policy in Brazil (1998-2002)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Sousa, Ana Cristina Augusto; Costa, Nilson do Rosário

    2011-08-01

    In 1999, the federal government has committed itself to the IMF with the privatization of the sanitation and other public services, seeking resources to address the fiscal crisis. He proposed the bill 4147/01 as the regulatory framework that would provide the necessary security for investors interested in acquiring the state-owned sanitation enterprises. Against this initiative, a coalition of industry interests mobilized in order to veto the adoption of privatization: the National Front for Environmental Sanitation (FNSA). This paper identifies the actors, the agenda and the interests involved in this political coalition. It shows that the coalition acted decisively as an instance of veto, limiting the effects of the agreement with the IMF on the public policy of sanitation in Brazil this time.

  9. 78 FR 67147 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-08

    ... technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice. Proposed Project Persistence of Viable Influenza Virus in Aerosols (0920-0888, Expiration 05/31/2014)--Revision--National... to cough repeatedly into an aerosol particle collection system, and the airborne particles produced...

  10. 78 FR 65673 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    ...) with fewer data drop down menu choices, and a search engine that supports key word queries in the... utilizes an existing web-based data collection form and database to gather critical reviewer information... select expert grant reviewers for objective review committees. The web-based system also...

  11. 76 FR 54470 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ... individuals, the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program will collect eligibility and appeals data as well as... (for survivors) prior to January 2, 2011, may apply to obtain coverage under the new WTC Health Program... prescription pharmaceutical providers will be required to submit medical determinations to the WTC Program...

  12. 77 FR 39722 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Housing Choice Voucher Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... understand how smaller agencies administer the HCV program effectively without the benefit of economies of scale that apply to larger programs. The results of the data collection will be used to generate... understand how smaller agencies administer the HCV program effectively without the benefit of economies...

  13. 78 FR 79470 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection Activities... about data information systems will be used to support the development of a technical assistance tracker... development of a technical assistance tracker for RWHAP grantees to monitor and assess changes in the mix...

  14. 78 FR 49758 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-15

    ...) samples from themselves and their infants. The collection of saliva cells by the mother, father and infant... certificates or birth hospital records; mothers of case and control infants will be interviewed using a... infant's mother and father will be asked to provide their own saliva samples by spitting into a funnel...

  15. 76 FR 34996 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... instruments, call 404-639-5960 and send written comments to Daniel Holcomb, CDC Reports Clearance Officer... the conversations with state officials to collect frame-related data, ] state officials will be asked.... Daniel Holcomb, Reports Clearance Officer, Office of the Chief Science Officer, Centers for...

  16. 76 FR 38180 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... instruments, call the CDC Reports Clearance Officer at 404-639-5960 or send comments to Daniel Holcomb, CDC... collection activities, including questions asked, will be similar to current procedures. In 2012, NHAMCS will... Practitioner. Total 8,573 Daniel Holcomb, Reports Clearance Officer, Office of the Chief Science...

  17. 75 FR 16840 - Proposed Extension of Information Collection Request Submitted for Public Comment; Model Employer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... Comment; Model Employer CHIP Notice AGENCY: Employee Benefits Security Administration, Department of Labor... ] Administration is soliciting comments on the Model CHIP Employer Notice. A copy of the information collection...(f)(3)(B)(i)(I), and section 9801(f)(3)(B)(i)(I) of the Internal Revenue Code, as added by CHIPRA,...

  18. 75 FR 48346 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-10

    ... diseases, cholera and other vibrio illnesses, Listeria, babesiosis, brucellosis, Harmful Algal Bloom... Possible Human Rabies Patient Info 50 1 15/60 13 Waterborne Diseases Outbreak Form 57 1 20/60 19 Cholera... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for...

  19. 75 FR 20600 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-20

    ... evaluations are a pre-post test design (i.e., baseline assessment and 3-month follow-up assessment) with three... quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of... this notice. Proposed Project HIV/AIDS Risk Reduction Interventions for African-American...

  20. 75 FR 29347 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

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    2010-05-25

    ... collections for tobacco control programs (OMB No. 0920-0601, exp. 5/31/2010), and diabetes prevention and...) State Diabetes Program 53 2 6 636 State Tobacco Program 53 2 6 636 State BRFSS Program 53 2 6 636 State... collaboration in four areas that have previously been funded and evaluated independently: Tobacco...