WorldWideScience

Sample records for public forum doctrine

  1. Forum-ing: Signature practice for public theological discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward P. Wimberly

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This article introduces a unique model for public theological conversation and discourse, which was developed by the Concerned Black Clergy of Atlanta (CBC. It was a model developed in response to the problems of poverty, homelessness, and the ‘missing and murdered children’ victimised in Atlanta, Georgia in the United States of America in the early 1980s. It was originally organised to respond to the economic, financial, spiritual, emotional, employment, housing and resource needs of the underserved poor. This unique practice is called forum-ing. The forum meets every Monday morning, except when there is a national holiday. It has operated 30 consecutive years. The forum has a series of presentations, including the opening prayer, self-introductions of each person, a report of the executive director, special presentations from selected community groups, reports, and then questions and answers. The end result is that those attending engage in a process of discourse that enables them to internalise new ideas, approaches, and activities for addressing poverty and injustice in the community. Key to forum-ing for the 21st century is that it is a form of public practical theology rooted and grounded in non-violence growing out of the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s in the United States. The overall purpose of this article is to contribute to the effort of the Faculty of Theology at the University of Pretoria (South Africa to identify those variables that will assist religious leaders in South Africa to develop public conversational spaces to enhance democratic participation. This article presents one model from the African American community in Atlanta, Georgia. The hope is to lift up key variables that might assist in the practical and pastoral theological conversation taking place in South Africa at present.

  2. Unpacking the Public Trust Doctrine: A Journey into Foreign Territory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E van der Schyff

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The past decade has borne witness to the transformation of South Africa's natural resources law with the introduction of a new legal concept, that of "public trusteeship", to South African jurisprudence. The concept of "public trusteeship" as it is embodied in South African legislation encapsulates the sovereign's duty to act as guardian of certain interests to the benefit of the nation as a whole. In the quest to demystify the incorporation of the concept of "public trusteeship" in South Africa, this article, as a first tentative step, focuses solely on the public trust doctrine as it functions in American jurisprudence. It is the aim of this article to give a thorough theoretical exposition of the development and application of the public trust doctrine in American jurisprudence in order to provide the South African scholar with a perspective on a legal construct founded on the philosophical notion that governments exercise a "fiduciary trust" on behalf of their people.

  3. 76 FR 71081 - Public Aircraft Oversight Safety Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-16

    ... SAFETY BOARD Public Aircraft Oversight Safety Forum The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) will convene a Public Aircraft Oversight Safety Forum which will begin at 9 a.m., Wednesday, November 30, 2011. NTSB Chairman Deborah A.P. Hersman will chair the two-day forum and all five Board Members will...

  4. 78 FR 19024 - Lithium Ion Batteries in Transportation Public Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ... SAFETY BOARD Lithium Ion Batteries in Transportation Public Forum On Thursday and Friday, April 11-12, 2013, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) will convene a forum titled, ``Lithium Ion Batteries in Transportation.'' The forum will begin at 9:00 a.m. on both days and is open to all. Attendance...

  5. 78 FR 11236 - Positive Train Control Public Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... SAFETY BOARD Positive Train Control Public Forum On Wednesday, February 27, 2013, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) will convene a Forum titled, ``Positive Train Control: Is it on Track?'' The Forum will begin at 9:00 a.m. is open to all and the attendance is free (no registration required). The...

  6. The Public Trust Doctrine and Liability for Historic Water Pollution in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loretta Feris

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The public trust doctrine is now, in the post-constitutional era, part and parcel of South African natural resources law. However, the precise meaning and content remain, to some extent, unclear. This is particularly true in respect of the relationship between the public trust doctrine and the polluter pays principle and the extent to which liability for pollution and degradation of natural resources also lies within the realm of the public trust doctrine. This article sets out to explore the public trust doctrine in South African law and its potential for assigning liability in a natural resources law context. It does so in the context of South Africa’s challenges in dealing with acid mine drainage (AMD, a legacy from defunct mines, but a continuing by-product of existing mining. It revisits the traditional scope of the public trust doctrine and argues for an expansive view in line not only with the constitutional imperatives embodied in South Africa’s environmental right, but also by way of an analogy between the public trust doctrine and the common heritage of mankind principle as it presents itself in international environmental law. In doing so this article also explores the development of the doctrine in US law which in some respects has set the course for its application with respect to natural resources law.

  7. 75 FR 82400 - Development of Health Risk Assessment Guidance; Public Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-30

    ...; Public Forum AGENCY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department of Health and Human... would hold a public forum in early February 2011 to obtain additional public comment. Today's notice announces the public forum. DATES: The public forum will be held on: Tuesday, February 1, 2011, from 9 a.m...

  8. EPA National Center for Computational Toxicology UPDATE (ICCVAM public forum)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A presentation to the ICCVAM Public Forum on several new and exciting activities at NCCT, including Chemical library update, Chemistry Dashboard, Retrofitting in vitro assays with metabolic competence and In vitro PK.

  9. Forum-ing: Signature practice for public theological discourse

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-05-14

    May 14, 2014 ... virtual poor: Reimaging a discourse of reconciliation and social cohesion in South Africa', held at the Faculty of Theology at the University of .... The reality is that God is engaged in public discourse and is seeking to enable all ...

  10. Using Community Forums to Enhance Public Engagement in Environmental Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    M.C. Monroe; A. Oxarart; L. McDonell; R. Plate

    2009-01-01

    As environmental issues become more complex, the public may be less interested in becoming knowledgeable enough to participate in decision-making. Yet its input can be critically important in some community-based issues. A community forum is one tool designed to provide information, enable participants to ask questions to experts and create an open atmosphere for...

  11. Research on the Protection of the Public Trust Doctrine on Urban Parks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Lingbo

    2016-01-01

    The public trust doctrine is based on the belief that certain common properties — such as running water,the seashore,and air — perpetual use was dedicated to the public,government to accept the people’ s trust is entitled to the ownership of the proper-ty. Urban parks as the public trust property would impose restriction on attempts by govern-ments to transfer the possession of parks held in trust or to devote it a private use. It could e-ven impose restriction on the capability of government to divert parks from park use to anoth-er.

  12. 78 FR 10689 - Pipeline Safety: Public Forum State One-Call Exemptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Public Forum State One-Call... sponsor a public forum on state one-call exemptions. The forum will be held on March 14, 2013, in West... in state one-call programs and actions taken to date. In addition, damage prevention...

  13. Myopic Federalism: The Public Trust Doctrine and Regulation of Military Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-04-01

    dispute arises. Shively v. Bowlby , 152 U.S. 1, 26 (1894), 4 WATERS AND WATER RIGHTS §30.02(b) (Robert E. Beck, ed. 1991), PUBLIC TRUST DOCTRINE vi...important class of police powers. 103 Pollard’s Lessee, 44 U.S. at 230. This was corrected in Shively * v. Bowlby , 152 U.S. 1 (1893), where the Court...States v. Tex., 339 U.S. 707 (1950); United States v. Cal., 332 U.S. 19 (1947); Shively v. Bowlby , 152 U.S. 1 (1893); State of Nev. v. Watkins, 914 F.2d

  14. Liberalism as a doctrine of public and private: Locke, Mill and Rawls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Lázaro Brito e Silva

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to think the relationship between public and private space from the standpoint of John Locke, John Stuart Mill, and John Rawls, in order to show the ambivalence of the value of citizens as members of a liberal community. Since Locke, there is a principle that, in the typically English bourgeois cultural milieu, regulates social laws and behaviors, by praising the adequation of practices of the private forum to those of the public forum. Thus, the basis for thinking about legislation, ethics, and morals are established. This trend of thought culminates in significant variations which, however, always express the dualism of external / internal that is supposedly inherent to ordinary life. I will treat the basic genealogy of the liberal institutional conditions of the Western traditional democratic cultures, whose notion of citizenship is based on the relationship between public and private.

  15. 77 FR 74829 - Notice of Public Meeting-Cloud Computing and Big Data Forum and Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-18

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Notice of Public Meeting--Cloud Computing and Big Data Forum...) announces a Cloud Computing and Big Data Forum and Workshop to be held on Tuesday, January 15, Wednesday... workshop. The NIST Cloud Computing and Big Data Forum and Workshop will bring together leaders and...

  16. Private provision of a public good: cooperation and altruism of internet forum users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Ros-Galvez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available We ran an experiment with users of Internet forums. In a dictator game, we find that the level of altruism is positively related to the activity in the forum. In a public good game, there is no relation between cooperation in the game and contribution to the content of the forum. Subjects are not more altruistic with partners from the same forum but do cooperate more with them. These results suggest that the public good provided in Internet forums is mainly provided by a group of unconditional altruistic users, and that the sense of belonging supports the cooperation in that provision.

  17. Self-Governance on Trial: A Public Sphere Analysis of News Website Forum Comments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. David Wolfgang

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The online public sphere offers society an opportunity to pursue self-governance through rational-critical discourse of public issues. However, testing the effectiveness of the sphere involves studying the structure of the online forum (e.g. whether the forum allows for pseudonymous comments or not and the quality of the content in the forum. This research studied online news forums on the topics of gun control and civil unions in Colorado to see what barriers to participating in the forum might exist in the structure of the forum and then what types of content was produced in the forum. The research showed that a forum allowing commenters to use a pseudonym led to comments with more exchange and critique of reasoned normative positions and use of supporting facts. However, neither the pseudonymous forum nor the identified forum had stronger levels of commitment to constructive dialogue in the forum. Also, commenters showed no reflexivity in their comments, meaning that participants were not assessing their own positions or changing their perspectives based on the arguments of others. While this shows that reducing barriers to accessing the forum helps to produce a public sphere environment, there is still work to be done in improving the level of constructive dialogue and stimulating negotiation and consensus building.

  18. 47 CFR 73.1910 - Fairness Doctrine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fairness Doctrine. 73.1910 Section 73.1910... Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1910 Fairness Doctrine. The Fairness Doctrine is... issues of public importance. See FCC public notice “Fairness Doctrine and the Public Interest Standards...

  19. KOMPLEKSITAS RUANG PUBLIK (PUBLIC SPACE: AGORA, YUNANI DAN FORUM, ROMAWI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yosica Mariana

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The city that grows unplanned usually arises because of the conurbations of a culture, such as Agora in Greek and Forum in Roman. The unplanned city grows in strategic places, such as around the harbor, business places, worship places, or other activity centers. The city growth due to cultural centers is usually characterized by the growth of services as the economic support of the city activities. The service center develops a community center in the form of public facilities, such as public spaces and public buildings. Western understanding about this kind of design is oriented to functional vision illustrated from several illustrations of history that developed in the world of architecture. Understanding of cosmology in typology and morphology that affect the built environment, especially the face of a city, can be described by reviewing some of the phenomena that have been developed in connection with cosmological concept that affects the embryo of market formation, ie public open spaces which became the center of city residents to the commercial, political, recreational activities, and others resulting from the interaction of community activities.

  20. Kompleksitas Ruang Publik (Public Space: Agora, Yunani dan Forum, Romawi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yosica Mariana

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The city that grows unplanned usually arises because of the conurbations of a culture, such as Agora in Greek and Forum in Roman. The “unplanned” city grows in strategic places, such as around the harbor, business places, worship places, or other activity centers. The city growth due to cultural centers is usually characterized by the growth of services as the economic support of the city activities. The service center develops a community center in the form of public facilities, such as public spaces and public buildings. Western understanding about this kind of design is oriented to functional vision illustrated from several illustrations of history that developed in the world of architecture. Understanding of cosmology in typology and morphology that affect the built environment, especially the face of a city, can be described by reviewing some of the phenomena that have been developed in connection with cosmological concept that affects the embryo of market formation, ie public open spaces which became the center of city residents to the commercial, political, recreational activities, and others resulting from the interaction of community activities. 

  1. Belgian nuclear forum - launching the public debate on nuclear energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leclere, Robert [Belgian Nuclear Forum, Gulledelle, 1200 Brussels (Belgium); Van Landeghem, Yves [Saatchi and Saatchi Belgium, Avenue Rogier, 1030 Brussels (Belgium)

    2010-07-01

    In the past decades, public opinion on nuclear power was dominated by a 'sleeping', indifferent majority. Nothing moved until (a minority of) opponents began to stir. Their activism strongly contrasted with the low-profile attitude of the nuclear players and pushed a considerable part of the indifferent majority towards a more negative attitude. A 2007 opinion poll (IFOP) confirmed this trend. The poll also revealed a major lack of objective and factual information. Incorrect and incomplete arguments tended to demonize nuclear energy, and 'nuclear' became a brand polarizing public opinion. This had a negative impact on decision-makers and culminated in the Belgian phase-out law of 2003. Based on the opinion poll, the members of the Belgian Nuclear Forum decided to launch a public information campaign, which they would jointly finance, with these goals: - In 3 to 4 years time, create greater public awareness on energy matters and move public opinion towards a more positive attitude. - Gain recognition of nuclear energy's legitimate place in the mix, and of the importance of peaceful nuclear applications. - Attract attention to the Belgian know-how and the importance of the industry on the scientific and economical level. - Optimize conditions for important nuclear issues such as long-term operation of NPPs, new nuclear research projects (MYRRHA),.. A 'push-pull' approach was adopted: push communication to the public (campaign) to pull (involve) decision-makers and get nuclear back on the political agenda. The Forum also opted for a sustained, long-term effort based on public campaigning, public relations and public affairs. Considering its long-time absence from the public debate, the Forum and its agency Saatchi and Saatchi agreed upon the following principles to underpin the campaign: - No 'pro-campaign'; that would be highly unrealistic and have a negative effect; - No taboos: bring up both the pros and cons; - No

  2. Public Internet Forums: Can They Enhance Argumentative Writing Skills of Second Language Learners?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchie, Mathy; Black, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    Improving university students' writing skills is always a challenge. In a third-year French composition course, the researchers introduced the use of public Internet discussion forums to see if that would help achieve the argumentative writing skills goals that were set for this study. The results show that participation in the forums had a…

  3. 77 FR 26509 - Notice of Public Meeting-Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop V

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Notice of Public Meeting--Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop V... announces the Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop V to be held on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, June 5, 6... provide information on the U.S. Government (USG) Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap initiative. This...

  4. 76 FR 62373 - Notice of Public Meeting-Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Notice of Public Meeting--Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop...: NIST announces the Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV to be held on November 2, 3 and 4, 2011. This workshop will provide information on the U.S. Government (USG) Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap...

  5. NASA SMD Science Education and Public Outreach Forums: A Five-Year Retrospective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Denise A.; Peticolas, Laura; Schwerin, Theresa; Shipp, Stephanie

    2014-06-01

    NASA’s Science Mission Directorate (SMD) created four competitively awarded Science Education and Public Outreach Forums (Astrophysics, Heliophysics, Planetary Science, Earth Science) in 2009. The objective is to enhance the overall coherence of SMD education and public outreach (E/PO), leading to more effective, efficient, and sustainable use of SMD science discoveries and learning experiences. We summarize progress and next steps towards achieving this goal with examples drawn from Astrophysics and cross-Forum efforts. Over the past five years, the Forums have enabled leaders of individual SMD mission and grant-funded E/PO programs to work together to place individual science discoveries and learning resources into context for audiences, conveying the big picture of scientific discovery based on audience needs. Forum-organized collaborations and partnerships extend the impact of individual programs to new audiences and provide resources and opportunities for educators to engage their audiences in NASA science. Similarly, Forum resources support scientists and faculty in utilizing SMD E/PO resources. Through Forum activities, mission E/PO teams and grantees have worked together to define common goals and provide unified professional development for educators (NASA’s Multiwavelength Universe); build partnerships with libraries to engage underserved/underrepresented audiences (NASA Science4Girls and Their Families); strengthen use of best practices; provide thematic, audience-based entry points to SMD learning experiences; support scientists in participating in E/PO; and, convey the impact of the SMD E/PO program. The Forums have created a single online digital library (NASA Wavelength, http://nasawavelength.org) that hosts all peer-reviewed SMD-funded education materials and worked with the SMD E/PO community to compile E/PO program metrics (http://nasamissionepometrics.org/). External evaluation shows the Forums are meeting their objectives. Specific examples

  6. 78 FR 53790 - Public Forum-Safety Culture: Enhancing Transportation Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... Culture; Organizational Leadership Perspectives on Safety Culture; Safety Culture Management and Oversight... effective safety cultures within their industries. There will also be a review of some recent organizational... SAFETY BOARD Public Forum--Safety Culture: Enhancing Transportation Safety On Tuesday and...

  7. NASA's SMD Cross-Forum Resources for Supporting Scientist Engagement in Education and Public Outreach Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buxner, S.; Cobabe-Ammann, E. A.; Hsu, B. C.; Sharma, M.; Peticolas, L. M.; Schwerin, T. G.; Shipp, S. S.; Smith, D.

    2012-12-01

    Sharing the excitement of ongoing scientific discoveries is an important aspect of scientific activity for researchers. Directly engaging scientists in education and public outreach (E/PO) activities has the benefit of directly connecting the public to those who engage in scientific activities. A shortage of training in education methods, public speaking, and working with various public audiences increases barriers to engaging scientists in these types in E/PO activities. NASA's Science Mission Directorate (SMD) Education and Public forums (astrophysics, earth science, heliophysics, and planetary science) support scientists currently involved in E/PO and who are interested in becoming involved in E/PO through a variety of avenues. Over the past three years, the forums have developed a variety of resources to help engage scientists in education and public outreach. We will showcase the following resources developed through the SMD E/PO cross-forum efforts: Professional development resources for writing NASA SMD E/PO proposals (webinars and other online tools), ongoing professional development at scientific conferences to increase scientist engagement in E/PO activities, toolkits for scientists interested in best practices in E/PO (online guides for K-12 education and public outreach), toolkits to inform scientists of science education resources developed within each scientific thematic community, EarthSpace (a community web space where instructors can find and share about teaching space and earth sciences in the undergraduate classroom, including class materials news and funding opportunities, and the latest education research, http://www.lpi.usra.edu/earthspace/), thematic resources for teaching about SMD science topics, and an online database of scientists interested in connecting with education programs. Learn more about the Forum and find resources at http://smdepo.org/.

  8. Neo-Nazis Sympathizers on the Forums of the Romanian Online Publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena-Irina Macovei

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The research aims to highlight how the forums of the Romanian online publications may often become spaces for right-wing extremist propaganda. The case study includes about 1.000 comments of the readers, expressed on the articles about a protest of several intellectuals against a TV program of the Romanian public Television (TVR, where Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, the founder of the Iron Guard, a Nazi organization created in 1927, was presented as a romantic hero. The results of the content analysis of comments revealed the stigmatizing themes, the stereotypes and the extremist ideas identified on the forums of these articles. In addition, the comparison between the electronic platforms of the publications showed the importance of their features and of the characteristics of audiences regarding the content of the comments.

  9. Psychology in the Public Forum : Unity in Service?

    OpenAIRE

    David W., Rackham

    1996-01-01

    While a theoretical and methodological unity is beyond the grasp of contemporary psychology, it could be argued that a unity of purpose might be possible if it is recognized that specialized psychological systems and methods, even if irreconcilable at the moment, have all been tapped to provide some sort of service to the wider community. It might be said, therefore, that a kind of unity in diversity actually exists, this unity being in terms of the public service dimension of the psychologic...

  10. Blueprint for a deliberative public forum on biobanking policy: were theoretical principles achievable in practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molster, Caron; Maxwell, Susannah; Youngs, Leanne; Kyne, Gaenor; Hope, Fiona; Dawkins, Hugh; O'Leary, Peter

    2013-06-01

    Public deliberation is recommended for obtaining citizen input to policy development when policies involve contested ethical dimensions, diverse perspectives on how to trade-off competing public interests and low public awareness of these perspectives. Several norms have been proposed for the design of deliberative methods. Evidence is scarce regarding whether such norms are achievable in practice. This paper refers to principles of deliberative democracy theory to describe a deliberative public forum on biobanking. Practical challenges and contextual facilitators of achieving deliberative ideals are discussed, along with factors that influenced use of the forum output in policy development. The forum ran for 4 days over two weekends in Perth, Western Australia. Key methodological features were socio-demographic stratification to randomly recruit a mini-public of citizens for discursive representation, provision of information inclusive of diverse perspectives and framed for difference, provision of a fair way for reasoning and collective decision making and adoption of processes to achieve publicity, accountability and independence from undue institutional influence. Most design principles were achieved in practice, with the fundamental exception of representativeness. Factors influencing these outcomes, and the use of deliberated outputs to develop policy, included institutional characteristics, the design involvement of deliberative experts and quality of the outputs when compared to other consultation methods. Public deliberations can achieve design ideals and influence (ethics-based) public health policy. The representation of 'hard to reach' citizens and their views needs further consideration, particularly as this relates to the procedural legitimacy of ethical analyses and the just inclusion of deliberative citizen advice within the broader policy-making process. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. The NASA SMD Science Education and Public Outreach Forums: Engaging Scientists in NASA Education and Public Outreach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Denise A.; Peticolas, L.; Schwerin, T.; Shipp, S.

    2014-01-01

    The NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) Education and Public Outreach (E/PO) program provides a direct return on the public’s investment in NASA’s science missions and research programs through a comprehensive suite of educational resources and opportunities for students, educators, and the public. Four Science Education and Public Outreach Forums work with SMD-funded missions, research programs, and grantees to organize individual E/PO activities into a coordinated, effective, and efficient nationwide effort, with easy entry points for scientists, educators, and the public. We outline the Forums’ role in 1) facilitating communication and collaboration among SMD E/PO programs, scientists, and educators; 2) supporting utilization of best practices and educational research; 3) creating clear paths of involvement for scientists interested in SMD E/PO; and, 4) enabling efficient and effective use of NASA content and education products. Our work includes a cross-Forum collaboration to inventory existing SMD education materials; identify and analyze gaps; and interconnect and organize materials in an accessible manner for multiple audiences. The result is NASAWavelength.org, a one-stop-shop for all NASA SMD education products, including tools to help users identify resources based upon their needs and national education standards. The Forums have also collaborated with the SMD E/PO community to provide a central point of access to metrics, evaluation findings, and impacts for SMD-funded E/PO programs (http://smdepo.org/page/5324). We also present opportunities for the astronomy community to participate in collaborations supporting NASA SMD efforts in the K - 12 Formal Education, Informal Education and Outreach, Higher Education and Research Scientist communities. See Bartolone et al., Lawton et al., Meinke et al., and Buxner et al. (this conference), respectively, to learn about Forum resources and opportunities specific to each of these communities.

  12. Building Effective Scientist-Educator Communities of Practice: NASA's Science Education and Public Outreach Forums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwerin, T. G.; Peticolas, L. M.; Shipp, S. S.; Smith, D. A.

    2014-12-01

    Since 1993, NASA has embedded education and public outreach (EPO) in its Earth and space science missions and research programs on the principle that science education is most effective when educators and scientists work hand-in-hand. Four Science EPO Forums organize the respective NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) Astrophysics, Earth Science, Heliophysics, and Planetary Science EPO programs into a coordinated, efficient, and effective nationwide effort. The result is significant, evaluated EPO impacts that support NASA's policy of providing a direct return-on-investment for the American public, advance STEM education and literacy, and enable students and educators to participate in the practices of science and engineering as embodied in the 2013 Next Generation Science Standards. This presentation by the leads of the four NASA SMD Science EPO Forums provides big-picture perspectives on NASA's effort to incorporate authentic science into the nation's STEM education and scientific literacy, highlighting tools that were developed to foster a collaborative community and examples of program effectiveness and impact. The Forums are led by: Astrophysics - Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI); Earth Science - Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES); Heliophysics - University of California, Berkeley; and Planetary Science - Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI).

  13. Catalyzing Effective Science Education: Contributions from the NASA Science Education and Public Outreach Forums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Denise A.; Bartolone, L.; Eisenhamer, B.; Lawton, B. L.; Schultz, G. R.; Peticolas, L.; Schwerin, T.; Shipp, S.; Astrophysics E/PO Community, NASA; NASA Astrophysics Forum Team

    2013-06-01

    Advancing scientific literacy and strengthening the Nation’s future workforce through stimulating, informative, and effective learning experiences are core principles of the NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) education and public outreach (E/PO) program. To support and coordinate its E/PO community in offering a coherent suite of activities and experiences that effectively meet the needs of the education community, NASA SMD has created four Science Education and Public Outreach Forums (Astrophysics, Planetary Science, Heliophysics, Earth Science). Forum activities include: professional development to raise awareness of the existing body of best practices and educational research; analysis and cataloging of SMD-funded education materials with respect to AAAS Benchmarks for Science Literacy; Working Groups that assemble needs assessment and best practices data relevant to Higher Education, K-12 Formal Education, and Informal Science Education audiences; and community collaborations that enable SMD E/PO community members to develop new partnerships and to learn and share successful strategies and techniques. This presentation will highlight examples of Forum and community-based activities related to astronomy education and teacher professional development, within the context of the principles articulated within the NRC Framework for K-12 Science Education and the Next Generation Science Standards. Among these are an emerging community of practice for K-12 educators and online teacher professional development and resources that incorporate misconception research and authentic experiences with NASA Astrophysics data.

  14. Tools for Engaging Scientists in Education and Public Outreach: Resources from NASA's Science Mission Directorate Forums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buxner, S.; Grier, J.; Meinke, B. K.; Gross, N. A.; Woroner, M.

    2014-12-01

    The NASA Science Education and Public Outreach (E/PO) Forums support the NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) and its E/PO community by enhancing the coherency and efficiency of SMD-funded E/PO programs. The Forums foster collaboration and partnerships between scientists with content expertise and educators with pedagogy expertise. We will present tools to engage and resources to support scientists' engagement in E/PO efforts. Scientists can get connected to educators and find support materials and links to resources to support their E/PO work through the online SMD E/PO community workspace (http://smdepo.org) The site includes resources for scientists interested in E/PO including one page guides about "How to Get Involved" and "How to Increase Your Impact," as well as the NASA SMD Scientist Speaker's Bureau to connect scientists to audiences across the country. Additionally, there is a set of online clearinghouses that provide ready-made lessons and activities for use by scientists and educators: NASA Wavelength (http://nasawavelength.org/) and EarthSpace (http://www.lpi.usra.edu/earthspace/). The NASA Forums create and partner with organizations to provide resources specifically for undergraduate science instructors including slide sets for Earth and Space Science classes on the current topics in astronomy and planetary science. The Forums also provide professional development opportunities at professional science conferences each year including AGU, LPSC, AAS, and DPS to support higher education faculty who are teaching undergraduate courses. These offerings include best practices in instruction, resources for teaching planetary science and astronomy topics, and other special topics such as working with diverse students and the use of social media in the classroom. We are continually soliciting ways that we can better support scientists' efforts in effectively engaging in E/PO. Please contact Sanlyn Buxner (buxner@psi.edu) or Jennifer Grier (jgrier@psi.edu) to

  15. NASA Astrophysics Education and Public Outreach Forum: Product and Activity Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryer, Holly; Eisenhamer, B.; Knisely, L.; McCallister, D.; Smith, D. A.

    2013-01-01

    The NASA Science Education and Public Outreach Forums (SEPOFs) have been working together to conduct a detailed analysis of SMD E/PO products and activities. The goal of this effort is to characterize individual SMD E/PO products and the collection as a whole, while identifying gaps in the SMD E/PO portfolio. The Astrophysics Forum has undertaken the task of analyzing the astrophysics portfolio of formal, informal, and outreach products and programs. The astrophysics analysis team has been characterizing products based upon AAAS Project 2061 benchmarks addressed, target audience, instructional strategies used, and types of assessments included. All formal education activities that have been analyzed to date have been compiled into a populated database that includes analyzed activities from all four SEPOFs. The database will be used to inform the development of a product and resources catalog. It also will be used to begin a gap analysis for SMD products and activities. Ultimately, we hope to help end users easily find resources, we hope to identify progressions and connections between SMD E/PO resources and programming, and we hope to provide guidance to the E/PO community in developing materials that will help bridge gaps for both NASA SMD and target audiences. This poster highlights the astrophysics product analysis process, and the preliminary findings and results of product analysis to date.

  16. 78 FR 54453 - Notice of Public Meeting-Intersection of Cloud Computing and Mobility Forum and Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Notice of Public Meeting--Intersection of Cloud Computing...-mobility.cfm . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: NIST hosted six prior Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop events in..., portability, and security, discuss the Federal Government's experience with cloud computing, report on...

  17. The Construction of the Library Public Forum%浅议图书馆公共讲坛建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林彬晖

    2012-01-01

    讲坛文化近些年越来越受到公众的重视。正确认识讲坛热潮,引导图书馆公共讲坛建设健康发展。借鉴电视讲坛的先进经验,利用有特色的本地资源,避免过度娱乐化、过度商业化的不良风气,这是当前图书馆公共讲坛建设需要研究的问题。%The public pay attention to the forum culture recent years.More people attend lecture activities.The good development of the library public forum depends on the correct understanding of the current forum hot phenomenon.Reference TV forum programs advanced experience,make good use of distinctive local resources,and avoid over commercial.All these are the problems of the library construction which we should pay attention to and studied.

  18. China-US Major-Country Relationship and US-China Public Policy Forum Held in the U.S.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ba; Cuicui

    2014-01-01

    <正>To commemorate the 35th anniversary of China-US diplomatic relations,the CPAFFC and the Harvard Kennedy School cohosted the"New Model of ChinaUS Major-country Relationship and the US-China Public Policy Forum"in Cambridge,Massachusetts,from March 23 to 25.The participants included Zhao Qizheng,Dean of the School of Journalism

  19. The Commercial Speech Doctrine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luebke, Barbara F.

    In its 1942 ruling in the "Valentine vs. Christensen" case, the Supreme Court established the doctrine that commercial speech is not protected by the First Amendment. In 1975, in the "Bigelow vs. Virginia" case, the Supreme Court took a decisive step toward abrogating that doctrine, by ruling that advertising is not stripped of…

  20. Black Child in Crisis. Final Report of the Public Forums and Symposia May-October, 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cote, William E., Ed.

    The negative effects of poverty, alienation, and racism influence the lives of black children most heavily. This report covering Michigan presents information and recommendations concerning the continuing decline in the quality of life for black children. It is the culmination of a series of activities including forums, symposia, and conferences…

  1. Purposeful use of a non-restrictive, asynchronous public Web-based forum for facilitating reflective discourse with preservice science teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodzin, Alec Michael

    The purpose of this research has been to investigate the purposeful use of asynchronous telecommunications in a science education methods/curriculum course involving the use of a non-restrictive, public Web based forum for facilitating reflective discourse with preservice science teachers. Thirty-two preservice secondary school science teachers participated in a public science teaching forum on the World Wide Web during their student teaching internship. The forum was designed with NetForum software to be a place where science teachers share ideas, reflections and conversations on teaching and implementation of technology in the classroom and other instructional pedagogy, while also providing support for each other as members of an electronic professional community. A combination of quantitative and qualitative research methods were used to explore interaction patterns that facilitated collaborative preservice teacher reflective discourse on the forum and participants' attitudes towards using asynchronous telecommunications during their student teaching internship. Data from forum discourse analysis, interviews, and survey instruments illustrate that the use of this asynchronous Web-based forum provided the participants the opportunity to discuss and examine science concepts and reflect on classroom issues that were directly relevant to their student teaching experiences. The findings revealed that most participants had positive attitudes with respect to interacting with the Web-based forum. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in attitude between participants who had access to a networked computer and those who did not have access. An analysis of the forum postings showed that saturation in the discourse can occur with large groups participating in online asynchronous conversations.

  2. Learn about effective collaboration processes, tools and outcomes for science education professionals and scientists: NASA's Heliophysics Science Education and Public Outreach Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peticolas, L. M.; Bartolone, L. M.; Cobabe-Ammann, E. A.; Paglierani, R.; Mendez, B. J.; Nichols, M.; Davis, H.; Ali, N. A.

    2012-12-01

    NASA has funded four Science Education and Public Outreach Forums (SEPOFs) that work closely with NASA's Science Mission Directorate (SMD) and with each other to support and coordinate NASA's science education and public outreach activities. The Heliophysics E/PO Forum is one of these forums. The currently funded program has been operating for 3 years. The work of the Heliophysics E/PO Forum has resulted in several deliverables. 1) We have continued and further developed a 'community of practice' for Heliophysics E/PO professionals, which includes an on-line workspace for the heliophysics community (and other NASA SEPOF communities), monthly features of Heliophysics educational programs and products and the people who run the programs and develop the products, monthly tag-ups for Heliophysics E/PO professionals funded by NASA, an annual 'internal' workshop for this community, professional development opportunities, a structure for reporting information to NASA, and a weekly newsletter; 2) We have created tools for scientists interested in doing education and public outreach; 3) We have created workshops for faculty teaching Heliophysics topics; 4) We have analyzed heliophysics educational products in order to classify them both for 'gap analysis' as well as for use in a digital catalogue of science educational resources; and 5) We have worked on several cross-forum initiatives including professional development opportunities, working groups, a digital library of science educational resources, reporting support for NASA SMD, and the on-line workspace infrastructure and design. We present evaluation data on the impact of these deliverables in meeting our goals and objectives specifically for the Heliophysics E/PO Forum. We also discuss our perspectives on the benefits of working closely with the other NASA science E/PO Forums. We share how the Heliophysics E/PO Forum can benefit scientists in their E/PO efforts as well.

  3. Establishing the Public Sphere and Abolishing the Private Domain:The Rise of a Doctrine and Its Social Significance in the Spring and Autumn Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zehua

    2006-01-01

    The dominant views regarding the concepts of "the public"(gong)and"the private"(si) took shape in the Spring and Autumn period and matured in the succeeding years of the Warring States period.This paper is an attempt to trace both the growth of the vocabulary containing "gong"and "si"and the development of philosophical views regarding issues that center on the relation between the individual and the larger social/communal/political body,of which that individual is a member;it also touches on issues related to the proper handling of public afrairs and the relation between state,sovereign,and the individual.The era is often characterized as"The Contention of the Hundred Schools of Thought,"notwithstanding it ended with but one view that is universally accepted by thinkers of diverse persuasion,namely,si is the source of all social evil and.therefore,should be condemned.This is the doctrine known as ligong miesi(abolishing si so gong may be established),which contributed to the orthodox for that era and the millennium to come.By extolling gong and condemning si.it painted a portrait of the Pair as two irreconcilable nomas or forces in social and political life;it provided a iustification for the then emerging new social arrangement and Ways of distribution of power and resources.and it also led to acute conflicts between the sovereign andthe state,the ruledandthe ruler,the stateandthe subject,as well as the public sphere and the private domain.

  4. Self-Help v State Intervention: The 1850 Public Libraries Act as a Reflection of Mid-Victorian Doctrine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charing, Sarah

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the passage in the United Kingdom of the Public Libraries Act of 1850 and its reflections of social and political attitudes prevalent at the time, particularly laissez-faire and utilitarianism. Individualism, national education, and middle class concern for the poor are discussed. (60 references) (LRW)

  5. Looking Forward to the Year 2000: Public Policy and Philanthropy. Working Papers, Spring Research Forum (San Francisco, California, March 17-18, 1988).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Independent Sector, Washington, DC.

    Forty-six working papers for presentation at a research forum on public policy and philanthropy are presented. Thirteen sections include the following topics: (1) looking forward to the year 2000: public policy and philanthropy (e.g. "Rationales for Tax Exemption," by Harvey P. Dale); (2) shifting boundaries among the sectors (e.g. "The Shifting…

  6. 47 CFR 76.209 - Fairness doctrine; personal attacks; political editorials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fairness doctrine; personal attacks; political... RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cablecasting § 76.209 Fairness doctrine... importance. Note to § 76.209: See public notice, “Applicability of the Fairness Doctrine in the Handling of...

  7. Military Strategy vs. Military Doctrine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfoed, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    The article argues that while doctrine represents the more scientific side of warfare, strategy represents the artistic side. Existing doctrine will almost never meet the requirements for winning the next war; it is through the artistic application of generic peacetime doctrine to the specific st...... strategic and operational context, using doctrine as building blocks for a context specific military strategy, that the military commander outwits and defeats or coerces the adversary and achieves the military objectives....

  8. Hispanic Mosaic: A Public Health Service Perspective. Proceedings of the Annual Forum on the Status of Hispanic Health (1st, Rockville, Maryland).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotomayor, Marta, Ed.

    Five agencies of the Public Health Service (PHS) joined with PHS Hispanic employees and other Hispanic health specialists to commemorate Hispanic Heritage Week by critically examining health issues of particular relevance to Hispanics. The first day the forum sought to define, from an Hispanic perspective, issues relating to health statistics,…

  9. Doses to members of the general public and observed effects on biota: Chernobyl Forum update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anspaugh, Lynn R

    2007-01-01

    The Chernobyl Forum was organized by the United Nations to examine the health and environmental effects of the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station. This paper is concerned with the environmental effects, as determined by Expert Group Environment. The accident resulted in release of a large amount of radioactive materials over a period of 10 days. These materials were deposited throughout Europe with the three more affected countries being Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine. More than 5 million persons lived on territories in these countries judged to be contaminated at >37kBqm(-2). Many countermeasures were employed to mitigate the effects of the accident. The collective effective dose to the residents of the contaminated territories is estimated to be about 55,000 person-Sv. Effects on non-human biota were observed that ranged from minor to lethal; the current increase in the number and diversity of species in the most contaminated area is due to absence of human pressure.

  10. Invisible Forum? The Public Outreach of the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Brovelli

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Contributing to the wider field of studies of international communication strategies by major international fora, this study investigates a scholarly vacuum – the role of visibility in the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM. A novelty of this inquiry is that it is carried out on endogenous (i.e. deriving internally in ASEM and exogenous (i.e. originating externally to ASEM levels. Addressing the former perspective, this paper examines ASEM’s official discourse and its vision of the role of visibility. Addressing the latter, exogenous perspective, the paper explores a rarely addressed dimension in ASEM studies, namely personal perceptions of the forum among Asian national elites (the opinions expressed by representatives of political, business, media and civil society circles in Japan, China, South Korea, Singapore and Thailand. The main rationale is to assess whether the degree of ASEM’s visibility positively correlates to the direct involvement of the stakeholders into or to the achievement of the process. Positing its inquiry within a social constructivist perspective, this article argues that, instead of being conceptualised as the end-goal, visibility should be understood as an element in the construction of the Asia-Europe relations under the ASEM framework.

  11. Airland Battle Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-09-01

    follow-on forces attack ( FOFA ) doctrine. These critics believe that NATO, with the FOFA concept, already has the flexibility to carry the battle to...confusing and redundant and that it would cause the U.S. to pursue a course independent of the rest of NATO. FOFA is thought by many to address the problem of...for the processing and analysis of intelligence data, make possible "natural language" recognition, give "vision" ability to target acquisition and

  12. Does the Op-Ed Page Have a Chance to Become a Public Forum?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciofalo, Andrew; Traverso, Kim

    1994-01-01

    Surveys op-ed page editors, finding that fewer than half of the responding papers have op-ed pages; that professional journalists, public figures, and propagandists dominate the pages; and that editors firmly control the agenda. (SR)

  13. Establishing Cyber Warfare Doctrine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew M. Colarik

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Over the past several decades, advances in technology have transformed communications and the ability to acquire, disseminate, and utilize information in a range of environments. Modern societies and their respective militaries have taken advantage of a robust information space through network-centric systems. Because military and commercial operations have increasingly converged, communication and information infrastructures are now high-priority military objectives in times of war. This article examines the theoretical underpinning of current cyber warfare research, what we have learned so far about its application, and some of the emerging themes to be considered; it also postulates the development of a (national cyber warfare doctrine (CWD. An endeavor of this scale requires lots of considerations and preparation for its development if it is to be cooperatively embraced. This article considers why information technology systems and their supporting infrastructures should be considered legitimate military targets in conflicts, and offers several events that support this supposition. In addition, it identifies the various forms of doctrine that will become the basis for developing a CWD, discusses a CWD's possible components, and proposes a national collaborative and discussion framework for obtaining a nation's stakeholder buy-in for such an endeavor.

  14. Managing the introduction of biobanks to potential participants: lessons from a deliberative public forum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Doherty, Kieran; Ibrahim, Tamara; Hawkins, Alice; Burgess, Michael; Watson, Peter

    2012-02-01

    Ongoing debate exists around how best to manage the issue of informed consent for research involving human tissue biobanks. However, the issue is well recognized and covered in the academic literature. A related and arguably equally important issue that to date has not received much attention is how best to manage the process of identifying and initially contacting individuals for their participation in a biobank. While many population-based biobanks strive for random sampling of healthy participants from the general population, disease-based biobanks usually need to rely on some sort of referral process to achieve specificity for type and subcategories of disease. There are thus numerous ethical implications regarding the way in which this referral process is managed. In this article we begin by providing a brief outline of the nature of the problems associated with the initial introduction between a biobank and potential research participants. We then consider data from a recent public deliberation on the topic of human tissue biobanking. In these discussions, participants were posed questions regarding their views pertaining to the introduction of potential donors to biobanks, and asked to make recommendations to be considered by policy makers in British Columbia, Canada. Based on these data we conclude that there is general agreement that introduction of research biobanks to potential donors should be conducted face to face, and by a medical professional known to the donor, and depending on donor circumstances, is acceptable during either pre- or postoperative periods. The strong preference for the introduction to involve a family physician should be considered in the future design of biobank contact and consent processes.

  15. The Cyber Domain: A Leviathan or Giant waiting to be Slain with the Stone of Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    Electromagnetic Activities ( CEMA ), to determine if it provides a doctrinal construct to meet emergent threats and rapid technology growth. Raising cyber to the...Cyber Electromagnetic Activities ( CEMA ), to determine if it provides a doctrinal construct to meet emergent threats and rapid technology growth. Raising...Army Doctrine Publication CEMA Cyber Electromagnetic Activities CO Cyberspace Operations DoD Department of Defense EMS Electric Magnetic Spectrum

  16. Doctrinal Imbalance: A Study of Swedish Army Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    LTC Ola Palmqvist and LTC Stefan Eriksson from LWC. These doctrinal v authorities, even though they do not agree with the conclusions of these...a shift from offensive to defensive operations produce the desired strategic goals? The third question is to be examined through computer...definition of doctrine diverges significantly from that used in Sweden. Because this study produced in the US, and the initial audience is American, the

  17. A Complex and Volatile Environment: The Doctrinal Evolution from Full Spectrum Operations in Unified Land Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-23

    Carlson , PhD ____________________________________, Seminar Leader David M. Wood, COL ____________________________________, Director...overs from Field Manual (FM) 3-0 Change 1, published in early 2011 as part of FSO. Ideally, this monograph seeks to assist future doctrinal revisions...Combined Arms Doctrine Directorate DOD Department of Defense FM Field Manual FSO Full Spectrum Operations JP Joint Publication SAMS

  18. Forum Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanno, Yasuko

    2014-01-01

    Social class has been underresearched in the field of applied linguistics. The central goal of this forum was to stimulate more conversation about social class as it impacts language learning and teaching. In this article, I comment on 3 salient themes that have emerged in the 5 articles: (1) agency and structure in language learning and teaching,…

  19. 77 FR 26049 - Reaching Zero: Actions to Eliminate Substance-Impaired Driving Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-02

    ...-Impaired Driving Forum The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) will convene a Public Forum to... Deborah A.P. Hersman will chair the two-day forum and all five Board Members will participate. The forum... forum will identify the most effective, data-driven, science- based actions needed to ``reach zero...

  20. Doctrine Of Good Administration: Elements And Their Contents On The Example Of The European Union Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan V. Shmelev

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available anagement of the society – one of the most important problems of the state, thus the state represented by bodies and officials for the achievement of this task has to work effectively. For this purpose it is necessary to define not only concept of effective management and cornerstone criteria, but also concept and requirements to the management subject – administration which has to cope with this task. Article represents the legislative bases review of the doctrine of good administration in the EU countries, and also opinions of scientists on disputable aspects of this doctrine. In particular, in the article parallels between earlier assumed purposes of the doctrine and established by law. It appears that the new purposes of the doctrine are established only in public interests and for preservation of the European Union integrity. In article concepts of effective management and good administration, as subject of the specified activity are compared. In the article some elements of the doctrine of good administration are considered. Their legal sense is investigated and author's understanding of their value is given. It is noted that principles as elements of the doctrine form the corresponding rights and duties which explains how the concrete principle can be applied to the subject (activity of administrative legal relations. Within the studied doctrine standards of appropriate behavior of the public employee in the EU countries and similar rules for public servants in the Russian Federation were studied. In the conclusion author concludes that it is impossible to apply the unified European standards in Russian Federation, which is due to the developed organization of the public service in Russian Federation. In the article it is noted positive influence of the doctrine of good administration on the EU in general, despite various interpretations of the doctrine elements in the legislation of member countries.

  1. Counterland Doctrine - An Integration Hurdle

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-31

    support (CAS). Recent historical analysis shows that although AI and CAS missions have been effective on the battlefield, AI and CAS do not fully describe...support (CAS). Recent historical analysis shows that although AI and CAS missions have been effective on the battlefield, AI and CAS do not fully...plan for eventual NATO advance. Follow- On Forces Attack ( FOFA ) doctrine relied heavily on the Strategic Air Command (SAC) and was viewed by many in

  2. International Law in Russian Textbooks: What’s in the Doctrinal Pluralism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauri Mälksoo

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available

    This review essay examines four leading Russian textbooks of public international law. It is noteworthy that doctrinal pluralism has been established in the international law doctrine as represented by the Russian scholars. One particular doctrinal question of heavy symbolic significance – whether individuals have become subjects of international law beside states – is examined. It turns out that different answers given to that question in the scholarship are linked with a general attitude towards the Soviet legacy.

     

     

  3. Individual and Collaborative Technology-Mediated Learning Using Question & Answer Online Discussion Forums--Perceptions of Public Health Learners in Dubai, UAE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awofeso, Niyi; Hassan, Moustafa; Hamidi, Samer

    2016-01-01

    This case study provides evidence-based suggestions for the use of Question and Answer discussion forums for improving quality and assessment of online learning. General online discussion forums are accessible at any time to all subscribers, making it possible for some learners to update, concur with or paraphrase discussions posted earlier by…

  4. Doctrine Development Process in the Kenya Army: Bridging the Gap

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    financial crises (Department of the Army 2013, 1-13). Ends: Ends are defined as fundamental expressions of goals, objectives, and ideals (Carey 2006, 1...establishes regulatory standards to ensure consistency and standardization of doctrine publications. Its purpose is to prescribe policy for TRADOC’s... Malaysia : Universiti Teknologi. Faculty of management and human resource development. http://eprints.utm.my/8221/1/ZZainal2007-Case_study_as_a_Research.pdf (accessed January, 12, 2014).

  5. 76 FR 74776 - Forum-Trends in Extreme Winds, Waves, and Extratropical Storms Along the Coasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Forum--Trends in Extreme Winds, Waves, and Extratropical... open public forum. SUMMARY: This notice sets forth the schedule and topics of an upcoming forum hosted... the forum and are required to RSVP to Brooke.Stewart@noaa.gov by 5 p.m. EST, Wednesday, December 28...

  6. 75 FR 27537 - Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting and Community Forum of the New Jersey Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-17

    ... House, 152 West State Street, Room L7 (second floor), Trenton, New Jersey 08625. The purpose of the... meeting is to plan future activities. Members of the public are entitled to submit written comments; the....gov . Hearing-impaired persons who will attend the meeting and require the services of a sign language...

  7. Is the "In Loco Parentis" Doctrine Dead?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirkel, Perry A.; Reichner, Henry F.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews history of the doctrine of "in loco parentis." Examines court opinions in which the doctrine has surfaced as an issue in the following areas of litigation: corporal punishment, student searches, school rules, correlative duties, and teacher-student relationship at the college level. Finds that the status and scope of the doctrine…

  8. Lighting detectives forum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, Katja; Skindbjerg Kristensen, Lisbeth

    2003-01-01

    Belysning for boligområder var emnet for lighting detectives forum, der blev afholdt i Stockholm i august 2003.......Belysning for boligområder var emnet for lighting detectives forum, der blev afholdt i Stockholm i august 2003....

  9. Discussion on Registration Validity Doctrine of Housing Land Use Right

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenli; YU

    2013-01-01

    Relationship between the registration and right change of housing land use right is not clearly stipulated in the Property Law. Land registration involves functions of private law and public law. It is partial to only considering private rights dimension when deciding whether registration validity doctrine or registration confrontation doctrine should be implemented in housing land use right. Compilation of land use planning, implementation of land use control and promotion of arrangement project in rural residential area all rely on sound and complete housing land registration data. To clarify housing land right adscription, eliminate hidden troubles causing housing land dispute and promote the establishment of harmonious countryside can never be achieved without housing land registration data. To carry out registration validity doctrine of housing land use right can effectively guide farmers’ registration behavior and thus build a perfect registration information system of housing land use right. After the cross-village and even cross-town arrangement in rural residential areas, rural acquaintance society has transformed into semi-acquaintance society and even stranger society. Therefore, housing land use right commending its existence with registration in public form has been a necessary choice in legislation.

  10. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrive Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996. Photo 01: CERN Director-General Prof. Luciano Maiani (left) speaks to Forum members and public figures from the Geneva area during the visit. In the background is Jean-Claude Landry from the Department of the Interior, Agriculture and Environment, State of Geneva. Photo 02: CERN Director-General Prof. Luciano Maiani (left) speaks to Forum members and public figures from the Geneva area during the visit. In the background is Bernard Ecoffey, Founder of the Forum Engelberg.

  11. Political and Legal Doctrine of Simon Bolivar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mixail V. Fedorov

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Present article is devoted to the legal, political and constitutional ideas of the outstanding leader of war of independence in Latin America Simon Bolivar that was called by his countrymen and contemporaries to be a LIBERATOR. In the present article author discusses complex genesis and evolution of the political and legal doctrine of Simon Bolivar. Review is conducted by author in the context of developing theory and practice of Latin American constitutionalism in the XIX century. Author conceptualized and revealed basic historical patterns of formation and development of Latin American countries during the War of Independence (1810-1826 period. Author conducted comprehensive analysis of the draft constitution which was developed by Simon Bolivar for the newly independent states of Latin America and reveals theoretical and practical problem of choosing Simon Bolivar republican form of government, such as a peculiar institution in the form of principle of the separation of powers, containing the fourth power. Author focuses on the questions of Simon Bolivar’s relationship to the constitutional institute of human rights, idea of relationship between state and church. Article also researches many other political, legal and constitutional ideas of Simon Bolivar, present views of historians, lawyers, political scientists, statesmen and public activists.

  12. The Promise of Democracy: A Source Book for Use with National Issues Forums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathews, David

    Town meetings or public forums arranged to discuss issues of interest to citizens are as old as the settling of the United States, and they continue today as part of the democratic system. The Public Agenda Foundation maintains this tradition through a special series of community forums, known as the National Issues Forums (NIF), that annually…

  13. LLW Forum meeting report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    This report summarizes the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Forum (LLW Forum) meeting on May 29 through May 31, 1996.The LLW Forum is an association of state and compact representatives, appointed by governors and compact commissions, established to facilitate state and compact implementation of the Low-Level Waste Policy Act of 1980 and the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 and to promote the objectives of low-level radioactive waste regional compacts. The LLW forum provides an opportunity for state and compact officials to share information with one another and to exchange views with officials of federal agencies and other interested parties.

  14. 76 FR 62777 - Forum-Trends and Causes of Observed Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods and Drought

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Forum--Trends and Causes of Observed Changes in Heat Waves...: Notice of open public forum. SUMMARY: This notice sets forth the schedule and topics of an upcoming forum... the forum, and are required to RSVP to Brooke.Stewart@noaa.gov by 5 p.m. EDT, Tuesday, October 25...

  15. Nuclear waste disposal educational forum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-10-18

    In keeping with a mandate from the US Congress to provide opportunities for consumer education and information and to seek consumer input on national issues, the Department of Energy's Office of Consumer Affairs held a three-hour educational forum on the proposed nuclear waste disposal legislation. Nearly one hundred representatives of consumer, public interest, civic and environmental organizations were invited to attend. Consumer affairs professionals of utility companies across the country were also invited to attend the forum. The following six papers were presented: historical perspectives; status of legislation (Senate); status of legislation (House of Representatives); impact on the legislation on electric utilities; impact of the legislation on consumers; implementing the legislation. All six papers have been abstracted and indexed for the Energy Data Base.

  16. Information Technology and the Organization Chart of Public Administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zouridis, S.; Snellen, I.Th.M.; van de Donk, W.B.H.J.

    1998-01-01

    To a certain extent the organization chart of public administration is inspired by the doctrines which are offered by public administration science. Some of these doctrines relate to policy implementation and the design of implementing agencies. In this chapter three of these main doctrines are disc

  17. Information Technology and the Organization Chart of Public Administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zouridis, S.; Snellen, I.Th.M.; van de Donk, W.B.H.J.

    1998-01-01

    To a certain extent the organization chart of public administration is inspired by the doctrines which are offered by public administration science. Some of these doctrines relate to policy implementation and the design of implementing agencies. In this chapter three of these main doctrines are

  18. Royal Danish Air Force. Air Operations Doctrine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørby, Søren

    This brief examines the development of the first Danish Air Force Air Operations Doctrine, which was officially commissioned in October 1997 and remained in effect until 2010. The development of a Danish air power doctrine was heavily influenced by the work of Colonel John Warden (USAF), both...... through his book ”The Air Campaign” and his subsequent planning of the air campaign against Iraq in 1990-1991. Warden’s ideas came to Denmark and the Danish Air Force by way of Danish Air Force students attending the United States Air Force Air University in Alabama, USA. Back in Denmark, graduates from...... the Air University inspired a small number of passionate airmen, who then wrote the Danish Air Operations Doctrine. The process was supported by the Air Force Tactical Command, which found that the work dovetailed perfectly with the transformation process that the Danish Air Force was in the midst...

  19. Report on the UN University Midday Forum on Partnerships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThis report summarizes and discusses the UN University Midday Forum on cross-sector partnerships held in July 2010. On the 30th of June 2010, at 13:30 pm New York Time, the United Nations University organized the UNU Midday Forum on public-private partnerships.The main speaker at the for

  20. Hydrogen Civilization Doctrine: Whether the Humankind Can Prevent Global Ecological Catastrophe?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GOLTSOV V. A.; GOLTSOVA L. F.; SPORTSMEN L. A.; GOLTSOVA M. V.

    2012-01-01

    Hydrogen Civilization (HyCi) doctrine is a novel world outlook,all-embracing vision of the sustainability of the human future:humanity can preclude world climate catastrophe and conserve the biosphere's ability to maintain the life of humanity by the only way,just by the sustainable movement along the vector "Hydrogen Energy → Hydrogen Economy → Hydrogen Civilization".HyCi doctrine is overcoming boundaries between different sciences,between peoples and nations.Hydrogen civilization is a public ideal (‘superattractor’)putting in the forefront Shakespeare's Hamlet question on a global scale:"To be or not to be the humankind:that is the question".

  1. Motivating administrative acts - doctrinal and jurisprudential issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai Cristian APOSTOLACHE

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article approaches the topic of administrative acts motivation, analyzed from the doctrinal and jurisprudential perspective. If at first, motivation was considered merely a formal condition of the administrative act, as a result of the national and European, doctrinal and jurisprudential evolution, motivation is now regarded as one of the most important conditions of validity for the administrative act. Motivating administrative acts represents also a manifestation of the right to information, sealed by the Romanian Constitution, and a dimension of the right to a good administration, as stipulated in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

  2. NHS Future Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Professor Steve Field led the Future Forum listening exercise during the pause in the progress of the Health and Social Care bill earlier this year. The Forum made a number of recommendations which led to significant amendments to the bill. Following this successful method of engagement, the Prime Minister David Cameron asked Professor Field to lead a second phase of the Forum looking at four new workstreams. The conclusions from three of the workstreams will inform the development of specific pieces of government policy, and in the case of the integration workstream consider wider issues about joined up care. PMID:26265942

  3. 78 FR 14840 - U.S.-EU High Level Regulatory Cooperation Forum-Stakeholder Session

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-07

    ... BUDGET U.S.-EU High Level Regulatory Cooperation Forum--Stakeholder Session AGENCY: Office of Management...-0028-0001). The notice was part of a joint effort by the United States and the European Union (EU) to... will hold a public meeting of the U.S.-EU High Level Regulatory Cooperation Forum (the ``Forum'')...

  4. 78 FR 13072 - Seventh Annual Drug Information Association/Food and Drug Administration Statistics Forum-2013...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-26

    ... Administration Statistics Forum--2013; Public Conference AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... Statistics Forum--2013.'' The purpose of the conference is to discuss relevant statistical issues associated... open forum for the timely discussion of topics of mutual theoretical and practical interest to...

  5. Engineering Forum Strategic Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    This Strategic Plan highlights the purpose, mission, goals, and objectives of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Engineering Forum (EF). It sets forth the principles that guide the EF's decision-making, helps clarify the EF's priorities, and...

  6. Enhancing Air Base Defense Through Joint Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Warfare, 258. 40 Tse-Tung, Mao Tse-Tung on Guerrilla Warfare, 27. 41 Maj David P. Briar , USAF, Sharpening the Eagle’s Talons: Assessing Air Base Defense...and Contingency Operations Doctrine 1942-1976, Washington, D.C.: Center ofMilitary History U.S. Army, 2006 (143) Briar , Maj David P., USAF, Sharpening

  7. Information Operations: Moving From Doctrine to Execution

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-04-01

    electronic warfare. The doctrine identifies a new capability called special information operations (SIO). SIO includes computer network attack (CNA...warfare, and special information operations. Defensive information operations ensure timely, accurate, and relevant information access while denying... special information operations, and could include computer network attack. (Joint Pub 3- 13) Physical attack. The means to disrupt, damage, or destroy

  8. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Photo 01: Members of the Forum Engelberg and public figures from Geneva visit SM18, the test hall for LHC magnets: (left to right) N. Siegel, Prof. Dr. Med. Bernard Mach, Mr Alexander Höchli, H. Wenninger, Mrs Mireille Quirina, Mme Konrade Von Bremen, Mrs Thérèse Wolf, Prof. Roger Berthouzoz, Mrs Marie-Anne Heimo, Mr Bernard Ecoffey.

  9. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996.Seated here at a presentation by Peter Jenni, spokesperson for the ATLAS collaboration, during the visit of Forum members and Geneva public figures are Bernard Ecoffey, Founder of the Forum Engelberg (left), and Jean-Claude Landry, Department of the Interior, Agriculture and Environment, state of Geneva. Photo 01: (left to right) Bernard Ecoffey, Jean-Claude Landry and Peter Jenni. Photos 02, 03: (left to right) Jean-Claude Landry, Bernard Ecoffey and Peter Jenni.

  10. Integration of photovoltaic technology in public buildings. Case study of Palmas Forum, Tocantins, Brazil; Integracao de tecnologia fotovoltaica em edificios publicos. Estudo de caso do Forum de Palmas, TO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vianna, Elen Oliveira

    2010-03-15

    The energy issue follows the history of mankind and nowadays has triggered a multidisciplinary debate. Within this discussion, there is the main topic of this study: the focus on the high electric power consumption in public buildings. The approach is in consonance with the sustainability of architecture and the use of solar photovoltaic energy as a technological tool that brings into alliance the renewable alternative energy sources and the buildings which are connected to the urban electric power lines. This study aims to demystify the use of alternative energy sources in conjunction with the contemporary architectonic production. In the first part the sustainability, the world energy issue and the use of active solar systems in architecture were contextualized and then, the main objective was to measure an Integrated Photovoltaic System in a public building- the Court of Justice in Palmas, Tocantins. For that reason, it was necessary to evaluate the energy efficiency in the building and to achieve that objective the energy consumption in the so-called rush hours and the 19:00 to 21:00 period of time were considered. Subsequently, the study tested several possibilities of photovoltaic panels and analyzed which one had the best performance, according to the local characteristic such as: the solar orientation, the latitude, the monthly and annual solar radiation average. There has been done a simulation of an ideal photovoltaic solar system with the proper calculus of its productivity, in order to provide a compensation to the energy consumption of the building- or a part of it- through the use of the alternative energy source in question. The objective is to demystify the generation of electric power from the use of solar energy and thus evaluating the contribution of the system to the conventional electric energy. Finally, a partial economic analysis of the system was carried out, driving to characterize the contribution potential of the Integrated Photovoltaic

  11. Features of Islamic Health-Treatment Doctrine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Reza Alinouri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Islam has particular style and doctrine about health and treatment that makes it different from other treatment methods. The aim of this article is studying the principles and methods of Islamic health treatment and the attitudes of this religion toward appearance of disease caused by material or immaterial factors. This article is review type and it is presented by descriptive analysis method from religious sources. Islam is a religion which is oriented towards health with health-treatment features, priority of prevention over treatment by reforming nutritional principles, tolerance of disease and avoidance of taking medicine if the disease is not sever, paying attention to spiritual causes of illness in addition to physical factors and necessity of treatment as a Divine Will and avoidance of treatment by Haraam because God has not placed healing in Haraam. These features have made Islamic health - treatment doctrine as unique.

  12. Military Diplomacy: A Need for Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    FINAL 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Military Diplomacy: A Need for Doctrine 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER...population and interacted with many Icelanders. A U.S. Navy jazz band performed for “residents of the Hrafnista nursing home, and sailors visited the...Operations (CMO) can be used for Military Diplomacy yet it covers too broad a range of operations with differing planning and execution methods. Also

  13. Persistence in PHP with the doctrine ORM

    CERN Document Server

    Dunglas, Kévin

    2013-01-01

    Persistence in PHP with the Doctrine ORM is a concise, fast, and focused guide to build a blog engine with advanced features such as native queries and lifecycle callbacks.This book is primarily intended for PHP developers and architects who want to increase their skills in the field of Persistence and ORM to map the data they are working on to objects they are using in programming. Basic knowledge of databases and PDO and working knowledge of PHP namespaces is a prerequisite.

  14. Water Finance Webinars and Forums

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Center hosts a series of water finance forums. These forums bring together communities with drinking water, wastewater, and stormwater project financing needs in an interactive peer-to-peer networking format.

  15. Water Finance Forum - New Jersey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Presentations and materials from the Regional Finance Forum, Financing Resilient and Sustainable Water Infrastructure, held in Iselin, New Jersey, on December 2, 2015. The forum was co-sponsored by EPA's Water Infrastructure and Resiliency Finance Center,

  16. Kuhnian Correspondences in Contemporary Doctrinal Development Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PhD. Edwin El-Mahassni

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Over the last few decades, there has been a plethora of literature that has analyzed and discussed the development of doctrine with much of it challenging the theories of Vincent and Newman. Some of the disagreements are not whether tradition should be a criterion or a factor, but rather to what extent it should be so. Coincidentally, just over fifty years ago, Thomas Kuhn, a philosopher of science challenged the traditional view through which science progresses. Opposing Karl Popper’s assertions that science is completely objective, Kuhn believed that although it may follow long periods of stability and steady growth, occasionally there would be watershed moments which would completely revolutionize a particular field leading to a revaluation of long-established idea with not every reason attributed for these revolutions being neither rational nor scientific. Further, there has also been growing awareness in the literature of doctrinal development on factors which influence this progress in Christian teachings. In this paper, the aim is to understand the way some key aspects of Kuhn’s work intersect with some of the contemporary theories in the development of Christian doctrine.

  17. HISTORICAL PARALLELS OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC DOCTRINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avtandil SILAGADZE

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Historical experience shows that problems of economic development in certain countries are linked to the rational use of economic resources. It is not accidental that this issue was of high importance as early as in the 19th century in Georgia. An outstanding Georgian writer Ilia Tchavtchavadze (1951-1961 and other researchers (see References dedicated interesting works to studying this problem. Like German national economic doctrines, Ilia Tchavtchavadze was much concerned with the priorities of national economy. Based on the research results, the present work provides conclusions that Ilia Tchavtchavadze’s economic doctrine complies with German as well as classic economic doctrines with the only difference that development of Georgian economy should start with the development of agriculture; complies with free trade policy; gives great importance to building railway network and Batumi-Baku pipeline, development of oil industry, co-existence of private and community ownership and inadmissibility of forceful infringement of such ownership; lays foundation to building of an independent banking system in Georgia.

  18. "Readers Forum" in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    On 23 April in Shanghai, a "Readers Forum" was held by Women of China to promote contact and exchangewith our readers and improve our work. It was a great honor that some of our foreign women readers, who areliving in Shanghai with their families on business at present, joined us, and nine of them made speeches at theforum. Moreover, two readers who couldn’t attend the forum in person, accepted a telephone interview. Shown hereare their kind comments and suggestions for our magazine.

  19. The Accelerator Reliability Forum

    CERN Document Server

    Lüdeke, Andreas; Giachino, R

    2014-01-01

    A high reliability is a very important goal for most particle accelerators. The biennial Accelerator Reliability Workshop covers topics related to the design and operation of particle accelerators with a high reliability. In order to optimize the over-all reliability of an accelerator one needs to gather information on the reliability of many different subsystems. While a biennial workshop can serve as a platform for the exchange of such information, the authors aimed to provide a further channel to allow for a more timely communication: the Particle Accelerator Reliability Forum [1]. This contribution will describe the forum and advertise it’s usage in the community.

  20. First China-Spain Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>The first China-Spain Forum was held in Beijing from December 18 to 19, 2003. President HuJintao expressed his congratulations on the successful convening of the Forum.Opening Session of First China-Spain ForumThe theme of the first Forum was: 30 years of Sino-Spanish diplomatic ties from lack of understanding to cooperation for a common future-

  1. Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-26

    In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options

  2. The End of Doctrine?On the Symbolic Function of Doctrine in Substantive Criminal Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferry de Jong

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Recently, there have been various developments within Dutch substantive criminal-law doctrine that in some important ways suggest a shift towards a common-law conception of judicial interpretation in different topics which are central to substantive criminal law. The developments suggest that criminal-law doctrine in the Netherlands is becoming sketchier and is losing some theoretical profundity. Building on Cassirer's philosophy of symbolic forms, Shapiro's planning theory of law, and Wittgenstein's considerations on rule-following, this article aims to contribute to a description of the independent function of doctrine in substantive criminal law, by addressing the question as to how, and in what sense, doctrine 'helps' the court in applying the statutory and non-statutory criminal-law norms. It is argued that the law constitutes a 'symbolic form' that is to some extent disassociated from the social life-world, and that is construed by way of sophisticated, shared forms of 'social planning'. These forms of social planning form parts of a 'practice' governed by a specific 'legal point of view'. It is further argued that criminal-law doctrine, in a radical sense, comprises a form of proceduralization, by means of which the adjudicating judge is 'directed' to a certain position within the criminal law's symbolically construed space. It is concluded that criminal-law doctrine fulfils an important function in 'situating' the judge, and in 'prompting' or 'compelling' the judge, from his subjective position, to apply a criminal-law norm in an objectively correct manner.

  3. The End of Doctrine?
    On the Symbolic Function of Doctrine in Substantive Criminal Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferry de Jong

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Recently, there have been various developments within Dutch substantive criminal-law doctrine that in some important ways suggest a shift towards a common-law conception of judicial interpretation in different topics which are central to substantive criminal law. The developments suggest that criminal-law doctrine in the Netherlands is becoming sketchier and is losing some theoretical profundity. Building on Cassirer's philosophy of symbolic forms, Shapiro's planning theory of law, and Wittgenstein's considerations on rule-following, this article aims to contribute to a description of the independent function of doctrine in substantive criminal law, by addressing the question as to how, and in what sense, doctrine 'helps' the court in applying the statutory and non-statutory criminal-law norms. It is argued that the law constitutes a 'symbolic form' that is to some extent disassociated from the social life-world, and that is construed by way of sophisticated, shared forms of 'social planning'. These forms of social planning form parts of a 'practice' governed by a specific 'legal point of view'. It is further argued that criminal-law doctrine, in a radical sense, comprises a form of proceduralization, by means of which the adjudicating judge is 'directed' to a certain position within the criminal law's symbolically construed space. It is concluded that criminal-law doctrine fulfils an important function in 'situating' the judge, and in 'prompting' or 'compelling' the judge, from his subjective position, to apply a criminal-law norm in an objectively correct manner.

  4. The doctrine of providence in the Institutes of Calvin – still relevant?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.F.C. Coetzee

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In the reformed tradition and theology, the doctrine of provi- dence has always been important and relevant, so much so that it forms an integral part of the reformed confessions. At the same time some of the most difficult theological questions are raised regarding this doctrine, questions like the following: Is God in control of everything? What is the relationship between the providence of God and sin, suffering, man’s responsibility, et cetera? In our times the doctrine as such is questioned or even rejected. What makes this topic even more important is the commemoration of the publication of Darwin’s book, “The origin of species”, coupled with the renewed emphasis on Darwinism, evolutionism and atheism.1 From the perspective of the Calvinistic-reformed theology and in the light of the com- memoration of Calvin’s birth 500 years ago, it is important to determine the relevance of Calvin’s thoughts on a number of important issues in the current debate, e.g. the doctrine on God, providence and creation, sin, suffering, et cetera. It is also determined that Calvin’s thoughts are reflected in the reformed confessions, which is still the living faith of reformed churches all over the world.

  5. 2012 National Leadership Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnuson, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Two key themes emerged from the 2012 National Leadership Forum: Taking Business to School, which was hosted by the Career and Technical Education Foundation at the end of May. The first was that employers are looking for a workforce that is technologically savvy while having leadership and employability skills. The second is that the business…

  6. EUROSAFE forum 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2016-07-01

    The proceedings of the Eurosafe forum 2016 includes contributions to the following issues: Seminar 1: nuclear installation safety - assessment; Seminar 2: Nuclear installation safety - research; Seminar 3: Waste management and decommissioning - dismantling; Seminar 4: radiation protection, environment and emergency preparedness; Seminar 5: security of nuclear installations and materials.

  7. International Foundry Forum 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The International Foundry Forum is a "Summit"of the Foundry World. It is the convention of the CEO world wide, of important casting users, ferrous and non-ferrous foundries as well as foundry equipment and consumable suppliers. Their overall goal is to increase the market opportunities for metal castings in competition with other processes and products in a global business environment.

  8. EUFOREA Rhinology Research Forum 2016

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hellings, P W; Akdis, C A; Bachert, C

    2017-01-01

    The first European Rhinology Research Forum organized by the European Forum for Research and Education in Allergy and Airway Diseases (EUFOREA) was held in the Royal Academy of Medicine in Brussels on 17th and 18th November 2016, in collaboration with the European Rhinologic Society (ERS) and the......The first European Rhinology Research Forum organized by the European Forum for Research and Education in Allergy and Airway Diseases (EUFOREA) was held in the Royal Academy of Medicine in Brussels on 17th and 18th November 2016, in collaboration with the European Rhinologic Society (ERS...... Research Forum 2016....

  9. LA DOCTRINE DANS LA JURISPRUDENCE DE LA COUR CONSTITUTIONNELLE COLOMBIENNE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Alfonso López Daza

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Dans le système des sources du droit, la doctrine est une source auxiliairede la législation colombienne. Comme les juridictions suprêmes, la Cour Constitutionnelle colombienne vient de la doctrine juridique spécialisée pourappuyer les décisions. Le rapport entre la doctrine et la Cour Constitutionnelle colombienne a été significatif, mais pas très récurrent dans sa jurisprudence constitutionnelle. L’analyse de 550 décisions de la Cour Constitutionnelle renduesdans l’année 2011, indique une faible incidence de la doctrine sur la jurisprudence constitutionnelle.

  10. Needles in a haystack : A new approach for identifying and assessing political talk in nonpolitical discussion forums

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graham, Todd

    2008-01-01

    Talking politics online is not exclusively reserved for politically-orientated discussion forums, particularly the everyday political talk crucial to the public sphere. People talk politics just about anywhere online from reality TV discussion forums to numerous other forum genres. Thus, the need to

  11. From the neuron doctrine to neural networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuste, Rafael

    2015-08-01

    For over a century, the neuron doctrine--which states that the neuron is the structural and functional unit of the nervous system--has provided a conceptual foundation for neuroscience. This viewpoint reflects its origins in a time when the use of single-neuron anatomical and physiological techniques was prominent. However, newer multineuronal recording methods have revealed that ensembles of neurons, rather than individual cells, can form physiological units and generate emergent functional properties and states. As a new paradigm for neuroscience, neural network models have the potential to incorporate knowledge acquired with single-neuron approaches to help us understand how emergent functional states generate behaviour, cognition and mental disease.

  12. Alternatives to the Judicially Promulgated Feres Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-04-01

    1950) (barring a soldier’s suit against the Government for negligently performed surgery). 24 See Costo v. United States, 248 F.3d 863 (9th Cir...Doctrine A. Ambiguous Standard 198 See Costo v. United States, 248 F.3d 863 (9th Cir. 2001) (barring suit for the wrongful death of a sailor who drowned...courts tend to bar the service member’s claim. See Costo v. United States, 248 F.3d 863 (9th Cir. 2001) (barring suit for the drowning death of a

  13. Peace-Enforcement: Mission, Strategy, and Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-05-17

    Stratey: Theory and Anoli t.jgo, (Carlisle, PA: US Army War College, 1989), pp 3-5. 61 FM 100-5, OgerarilLj , (Ft. Monroe , VA: US Army Training and...pp. 111-20 - 22. 72 Joint Pub 3-57, Doctrina for Joint Civil Affairs, (Washington, D.C.: The Joint Staff, October 1991), pp. 11-12 - 13. 73 Ibid., p. 1...Field Manual (PM) 100-5. oparatiognL, (Prelimi nary Draft). Ft. Monroe , VA: US Army Training and Doctrine Command, August 21, 1992. 53 Field Manual

  14. Plug in to the Utah Library Network, Reach Out to the World. Utah Library Network and Internet Training Handbook [for DOS]. Information Forum Publication #7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinwand, Louis; And Others

    This manual is designed to assist public libraries in Utah in their use of the Internet. Many of the examples used were created specifically to explain the use of products that the Utah Library Network provides for public libraries in Utah. The introduction provides background history and general information about the Internet and general…

  15. Gender Bias in Testing: Current Debates for Future Priorities. A Public Policy Dialogue. Proceedings of the Ford Foundation Women's Program Forum (2nd, New York, New York, April 1989).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosser, Phyllis; And Others

    In April 1989, the Women's Program Forum of the Ford Foundation sponsored a seminar that examined the current debates and future directions surrounding the issue of gender bias in testing, with particular attention to the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). This booklet provides a transcript of the proceedings of the forum. P. Rosser's presentation of…

  16. About Forum of Anesthesia and Monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Forum of Anesthesia and Monitoring is one of the leading publications for the specialties of Anesthesia,Intensive Care and Pain in China, sponsored by Beijing Committee of Anesthesiologists of Chinese Medical Association and Medical Information Limited. Published since 1993, it is widely regarded as the popular scientific journal in the specialty. This is evidenced not just by its circulation, but by its influences to the young anesthetists in China.

  17. About Forum of Anesthesia and Monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Forum of Anesthesia and Monitoring is one of the leading publications for the specialties of Anesthesia.Intensive Care and Pain in China. sponsored by Beijing Committee of Anesthesiologists of Chinese Medical Association and Medical Information Limited. Published since 1993, it is widely regarded as the popular scientific journal in the specialty. This is evidenced not just by its circulation, but by its influences to the.young anesthetists in China.

  18. Forum Discos y Libros

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    En este documento se encuentra el caso de la compañía Forum Discos y Libros. El aumento de la piratería y los dinámicos avances tecnológicos, impulsan a los empresarios del sector musical y librero a realizar cambios continuos en sus modelos de negocio y diversificar su portafolio de productos y/o servicios.

  19. An Analysis of Current Operational Contract Support Planning Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    analysis of doctrine and planning assets . The activities include interviews with various contracting and logistics professionals. F. RESEARCH...doctrine typically neglects the tangible and intangible capabilities that using OCS in missions brings to the operational and combatant commander. While... measuring the maturity of a process in practice within an organization through the issuing of surveys and measuring the responses. The model used

  20. 76 FR 17658 - National Forum for State and Territorial Chief Executives (National Forum) Program Cooperative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration National Forum for State and Territorial Chief Executives (National Forum) Program Cooperative Agreement AGENCY: Health Resources and Services... Forum for State and Territorial Chief Executives (National Forum) Program Cooperative Agreement. SUMMARY...

  1. Santiago Ramon y Cajal and Neuron Doctrine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simge Aykan Zergeroğlu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Santiago Ramon y Cajal’s emergence in the world of science has led to a new era in neuroscience. He was the founder of modern neuroscience with the neuron doctrine he revealed. He showed that nervous system was not a continuum network structure as it is believed to that day, but consists of individual cell as in all other tissues. His contribution to modern neuroscience was not limited to the neuron doctrine, he also contributed to neuronal morphology, communication and development. All of these contributions was honored with a shared Nobel Prize Award with Camillo Golgi in 1906, for their studies on the nervous system. Santiago Ramon y Cajal, was a scientist with unusual observation and interpretation talents, who pushed the conditions until the end to access to information and share his findings in the underdeveloped scientific environment of Spain. Besides, he was involved in scientific breakthroughs of his country. Ramon y Cajal was not only a scientist but also a multi-faceted personality; a passionate chess player, gymnast, a very talented painter and photographer.

  2. Visual Analysis of MOOC Forums with iForum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Siwei; Zhao, Jian; Cui, Weiwei; Qu, Huamin

    2017-01-01

    Discussion forums of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) provide great opportunities for students to interact with instructional staff as well as other students. Exploration of MOOC forum data can offer valuable insights for these staff to enhance the course and prepare the next release. However, it is challenging due to the large, complicated, and heterogeneous nature of relevant datasets, which contain multiple dynamically interacting objects such as users, posts, and threads, each one including multiple attributes. In this paper, we present a design study for developing an interactive visual analytics system, called iForum, that allows for effectively discovering and understanding temporal patterns in MOOC forums. The design study was conducted with three domain experts in an iterative manner over one year, including a MOOC instructor and two official teaching assistants. iForum offers a set of novel visualization designs for presenting the three interleaving aspects of MOOC forums (i.e., posts, users, and threads) at three different scales. To demonstrate the effectiveness and usefulness of iForum, we describe a case study involving field experts, in which they use iForum to investigate real MOOC forum data for a course on JAVA programming.

  3. The Impact of School Accountability Laws on Measures of Trust between Indiana Public School Superintendents and Teacher Union Leaders within the Forum of Mandatory Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downs, Philip G.

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the impact of the school accountability laws "No Child Left Behind" and Indiana's Public Law 221 on Superintendents' perception of their relationship with the Teachers' Union Leader in their mandatory discussion meetings. Both school accountability laws contain provisions for the Indiana's Department of Education to…

  4. 75 FR 391 - Medical Device Quality System Regulation Educational Forum on Risk Management Through the Product...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ... Through the Product Life Cycle; Public Workshop AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice... System Regulation Educational Forum on Risk Management through the Product Life Cycle.'' This public...

  5. The National Issues Forums: Promoting Democracy in Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castelli, Jim

    1992-01-01

    Explains the National Issues Forums (NIF), a nonpartisan program of public-issue discussions designed to enable citizens to have a more effective voice in U.S. politics. The role of libraries in the NIF is discussed; resources the NIF provides are described; and public relations benefits to libraries that participate are considered. (LRW)

  6. Techniques: Integrating the National Issues Forums into ABE Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colhapp, Barbara Jones

    1989-01-01

    This article discusses the National Issues Forum (NIF), a national, nonpartisan program designed to encourage citizen discussion of important public issues. The programs try to recreate the town meeting concept of reaching consensus on public issues. Short workbooks are available on two reading levels for issues such as the superpowers, crime,…

  7. LLW Forum meeting report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-12-31

    This document reports the details of the Quarterly Meeting of the Low- Level Radioactive Waste Forum held in San Diego, California during January 23-25, 1991. Topics discussed include: State and Compact Progress Reports; Legal Updates; Update on Technical Assistance; Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Regarding Surcharge Rebates; Update on TCC Activities; NRC Update; Disposal of Commercial Mixed Waste; Update on EPA Activities; ACNW Working Group on Mixed Waste; National Profile on Mixed Waste; Commercial Perspective on Mixed Waste; Update on DOT Activities; Source Terms; Materials and Waste; Storage: and Waste Acceptance Criteria and Packaging.

  8. Developers@CERN Forums: Python

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    The Developers@CERN Forums second edition took place at the end of May on the topic of Python. How do developers at CERN interact with Python? Which cutting-edge projects are using Python? What were the highlights of this most recent forum?

  9. ECNS '99 - Young scientists forum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ceretti, M.; Janssen, S.; McMorrow, D.F.

    2000-01-01

    The Young Scientists Forum is a new venture for ECNS and follows the established tradition of an active participation by young scientists in these conferences. At ECNS '99 the Young Scientists Forum brought together 30 young scientists from 13 European countries. In four working groups...

  10. (Tribology conferences and forums)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yust, C.S.

    1990-11-30

    The principal meeting attended during this trip was the Japan International Tribology Conference Nagoya 1990. The conference encompassed a wide range of topics, including the tribology of ceramics, the tribology in high-performance automobiles, and many aspects of lubrication technology. Associated forums were also held on the tribology of advanced ceramics, on solid lubrication, and on automotive lubricants. Presentations made during the latter forum discussed anticipated trends in engine development and anticipated improvements in lubricants required for the next generation of engines. In addition to meetings, site visits were made to five industrial organizations to discuss ceramic tribology. Nippon Steel Corporation and Toshiba Corporation are both very active in the ceramic area, Nippon Steel from their interest in research on new materials and Toshiba from both an interest in new materials and in support of their work in electronic devices. Two engine manufacturers were also visited, Toyota Motor Corporation, and Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. These companies were somewhat reserved in their discussion of progress in the utilization of ceramics in automobile engines.

  11. The International Technical Safety Forum

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    The International Technical Safety Forum is a meeting of safety experts from several physics labs in Europe and the US. Since 1998 participants have been meeting every couple of years to discuss common challenges in safety matters. The Forum helps them define best practices and learn from the important lessons learned by others.   The Forum's participants in front of building 40. This year, the meeting took place at CERN from 12 to 16 April. “This year's meeting covered subjects ranging from communication and training in matters of safety, to cryogenic safety, emergency preparedness and risk analysis”, explains Ralf Trant, head of the CERN Safety Commission and organiser of this year’s Forum. Radiation protection issues are not discussed at the meeting since they involve different expertise. The goal of the Forum is to allow participants to share experience, learn lessons and acquire specific knowledge in a very open way. Round-table discussions, dedicated time for ...

  12. Activities of the Student Forum of the Geoinformation Forum Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oba, A.; Miyazaki, H.

    2012-07-01

    This reports a history and future prospects of the activities by the Student Forum of the Geoinformation Forum Japan. For growths of academic fields, active communications among students and young scientists are indispensable. Several academic communities in geoinformation fields are established by youths and play important roles of building networks over schools and institutes. The networks are expected to be innovative cooperation after the youths achieve their professions. Although academic communities are getting fixed growth particularly in Japan, youths had gotten little opportunities to make contacts with youths themselves. To promote gotten youth activities among geoinformation fields, in 1998, we started a series of programs that named the Student Forum of the Geoinformation Forum Japan involving students and young scientists within the annual conferences, Geoinformation Forum Japan. The programs have provided opportunities to do presentation their studies by posters, some events, and motivations to create networks among students and young scientists. From 2009, some members of our activities set additional conference in west area of Japan. Thus our activities are spread within Japan. As a result of these achievements, the number of youth dedicating to the programs keeps growing. From 2009, it's getting international gradually, however, almost all the participants are still Japanese. To keep and expand the network, we are planning to make some nodes with some Asian youth organizations in the field of geoinformation. This paper is concluded with proposals and future prospects on the Student Forum of the Geoinformation Forum Japan.

  13. Marriage and family in the light of the Christian doctrine

    OpenAIRE

    Kоrоliov M. G.

    2010-01-01

    Article is devoted consideration of the Christian doctrine about marriage and family. The author analyzes its features in Orthodox and Catholic Churches. Influence of Christian ideas about marriage and family on a life of a modern society is shown.

  14. Repugnancy Doctrine and Customary Law in Nigeria: A Positive ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    Keywords: customary law, repugnancy doctrine, British colonialism. Introduction. The state .... is usually associated with international law. It is, therefore ... English law that were applicable in Nigeria – sometimes referred to as the 'general law' ...

  15. A future for the doctrine of substantive legitimate expectation? The ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese ... in South African law, which had left the way open for the Constitutional Court to ... of the doctrine of substantive legitimate expectation under administrative law in future.

  16. Debating Global Warming in Media Discussion Forums: Strategies Enacted by "Persistent Deniers" and Implications for Schooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, G. Michael; Rodger, Valerie

    2008-01-01

    Newspapers and other media are often used as a source of information on science issues, both by the public and teachers in classrooms. Over six months, we collected discussions of global warming issues from the online forums of a national newspaper. Our analysis of these contributions suggests there is a considerable effort in these forums,…

  17. Beyond “Political” Communicative Spaces : Talking Politics on the Wife Swap Discussion Forum

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graham, T.S.

    2012-01-01

    Net-based public sphere researchers have examined online deliberation in numerous ways. However, most studies have focused exclusively on political discussion forums. This article moves beyond such spaces by analyzing political talk from an online forum dedicated to reality television. The purpose i

  18. Beyond “Political” Communicative Spaces : Talking Politics on the Wife Swap Discussion Forum

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graham, T.S.

    2012-01-01

    Net-based public sphere researchers have examined online deliberation in numerous ways. However, most studies have focused exclusively on political discussion forums. This article moves beyond such spaces by analyzing political talk from an online forum dedicated to reality television. The purpose

  19. Toward Development of an Integrated Aerospace Power Doctrine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-03-01

    34 Air University Review, Vol. 37, No. 1: 52-57 (November/December 1985). 104. Russo, Anthony J. Chief, Policy, Doctrine and Strategy, Space Control...MMAS thesis. U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth KS, 1996. 106. Russo, Anthony J. and Eric Millan. Air Force Space Command...Alan and Brendan O’Loghlin, eds. The Decisive Factor: Air Power Doctrine by Air Vice-Marshal H.N. Wrigley . Canberra, Australia: Australian Government

  20. Homeland Security: Developing National Doctrine to Guide State Strategy Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    James Monroe in 1823 ( Martin , n.d.). There is also political doctrine, such as egalitarianism a “political doctrine that holds that all people...be able to engage a larger stakeholder community and avoid the need for a huge new bureaucracy (Linde, O’Brien, Lindstrom , Spiegeleire, Vayrynen...Presentation, Osan Air Force Base, South Korea. 74 Linde, E., O’Brien, K., Lindstrom , G., Spiegeleire, S., Vayrynen, M., & de Vries, H. (2002

  1. Reconciling Theory and Doctrine in First Amendment Jurisprudence

    OpenAIRE

    Post, Robert

    2000-01-01

    The twentieth century has seen the birth and the development of the doctrine of the First Amendment's free speech clause. In its current state, free speech jurisprudence is hampered by coexisting but conflicting First Amendment theories and doctrines. In this Essay, Professor Post examines these conflicts. He traces the development of two primary First Amendment theories: the theory of the marketplace of ideas, exemplified by Justices Holmes' dissenting opinion in Abrams v. United States; and...

  2. Office managers' forum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Samuel M; Hankins, Launa; Dieter, Andrea; Garcia, Sandie; Hepp, Delphine; Jordan, Janet L; Silver, William E; Shorr, Jay Alan; Sullivan, Susan E; Whatcott, Pam; Williams, Edwin F; Waldman, S Randolph

    2010-11-01

    This article is a summary of the key elements presented during the conference held as part of the Practice Management and Development course sponsored by the Multi-Specialty Foundation in Las Vegas, Nevada in 2009. This article represents an amalgam of perspectives from practices across the United States. The Office Managers' Forum brought together the office managers and surgeons from practices across the United States as panelists. The panelists answered a multitude of practice management questions that included wide-ranging topics such as accounting and financing, staff well being, working with a spouse, hiring and firing, staff meetings, accreditation, motivation, and problems and perks specifically associated with a facial plastic surgery practice.

  3. Moral autonomy in Australian legislation and military doctrine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Adams

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Australian legislation and military doctrine stipulate that soldiers ‘subjugate their will’ to government, and fight in any war the government declares. Neither legislation nor doctrine enables the conscience of soldiers. Together, provisions of legislation and doctrine seem to take soldiers for granted. And, rather than strengthening the military instrument, the convention of legislation and doctrine seems to weaken the democratic foundations upon which the military may be shaped as a force for justice. Denied liberty of their conscience, soldiers are denied the foundational right of democratic citizenship and construed as utensils of the State. This article critiques the idea of moral agency in Australian legislation and military doctrine and is concerned with the obligation of the State to safeguard the moral integrity of individual soldiers, so soldiers might serve with a fully formed moral assurance to advance justice in the world. Beyond its explicit focus on the convention of Australian thought, this article raises questions of far-reaching relevance. The provisos of Australian legislation and doctrine are an analogue of western thinking. Thus, this discussion challenges many assumptions concerning military duty and effectiveness. Discussion will additionally provoke some reassessment of the expectations democratic societies hold of their soldiers.

  4. Naval Doctrine Publication 6. Naval Command and Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-05-01

    l’audace, et toujours de l’audace!" (Au- dacity, and again audacity, and always audacity!) - Georges Jacques Danton French Revolutionary Leader, 1792...the right time. "A good plan violently executed now is better than a perfect plan next week." - General George S. Patton, Jr., U.S. Army One theory of...1972). Marshall, S.L.A. Men Against Fire: The Problem of Battle Command in Future War. (Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith, 1978). Orr, George E., Maj, USAF

  5. National Forums '89. Citizens, Leaders Look at Our Democracy. A Report on the Conference (Washington, D.C., April 16-19, 1989).

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Issues Forums, Dayton, OH.

    This publication presents reports from National Forums '89, the culminating event of the National Issues Forums (NIF) 1988-89 cycle. A brief overview of this event is followed by a summary of the session entitled Executive Branch Conference: Reports from the Forums, in which policymakers were briefed on the outcomes of each of the 1988-89 issues.…

  6. Water Finance Forum-Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regional Finance Forum: Financing Resilient and Sustainable Water Infrastructure, held in Addison, Texas, September 10-11, 2015.Co-sponsored by EPA's Water Infrastructure and Resiliency Finance Center and the Environmental Finance Center Network.

  7. Fagligt Forum ved en skillevej

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerg, Claus

    2008-01-01

    Med cvu-bibliotekernes overgang til professionshøjskoler ændres det biblioteksfaglige landskab. Det har Fagligt Forum taget konsekvensen af og nedlægger sig selv i løbet af 2000......Med cvu-bibliotekernes overgang til professionshøjskoler ændres det biblioteksfaglige landskab. Det har Fagligt Forum taget konsekvensen af og nedlægger sig selv i løbet af 2000...

  8. Mining user experiences from online forums: an exploration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jijkoun, V.; Weerkamp, W.; de Rijke, M.; Ackermans, P.; Geleijnse, G.

    2010-01-01

    Recent years have shown a large increase in the usage of content creation platforms—blogs, community QA sites, forums, etc.—aimed at the general public. User generated data contains emotional, opinionated, sentimental, and personal posts. This characteristic makes it an interesting data source for

  9. Mining user experiences from online forums: an exploration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jijkoun, V.; Weerkamp, W.; de Rijke, M.; Ackermans, P.; Geleijnse, G.

    2010-01-01

    Recent years have shown a large increase in the usage of content creation platforms—blogs, community QA sites, forums, etc.—aimed at the general public. User generated data contains emotional, opinionated, sentimental, and personal posts. This characteristic makes it an interesting data source for e

  10. Towards a shared understanding: Perspectives from Toronto's first media forum for suicide prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinyor, Mark; Pirkis, Jane; Picard, André; McKeown, David; Vincent, Margaret; Cheung, Christian; Schaffer, Ayal; Fordham, Jan; Mishaiel, Rosie; Heisel, Marnin

    2016-10-20

    Media reporting on suicide may have harmful and/or protective effects on deaths by suicide, depending on the nature of the coverage. Canada's first forum on this important issue was held in Toronto on November 6, 2015. Participating in the forum were public health policy-makers, mental health and suicide prevention experts and senior media representatives. This commentary summarizes the content of the forum and highlights the need for ongoing collaboration between suicide prevention experts and media professionals aimed at safe and respectful reporting that maintains the public's need to be informed.

  11. A Critical Analysis of Some Views on Atonement Doctrine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kashfi, A.R

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of "Atonement doctrine", Christ’s severe suffering and sacrificial death led to God’s forgiveness of mankind’s sins . There are several theories on this doctrine, the most important of which are three: “Ransom Theory”, “Moral Exemplar Theory”, and “Satisfaction Theory”. This paper presents a brief introduction to these theories and a critical consideration of challenges and answers to them. To this aim, this paper considers the answers of Thomas Aquinas, Philip Quinn and Richard Swinburne. The paper shows that the Atonement doctrine cannot be logically defended and each of the answers to its difficulties causes new challenges and antinomies. Nevertheless, the Swinburne’s theory has less difficulties than the others, although it also cannot answer to some important questions.

  12. A Critical Analysis of Some Views on Atonement Doctrine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdoolrasool Kashfi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available   On the basis of "Atonement doctrine", Christ’s severe suffering and sacrificial death led to God’s forgiveness of mankind’s sins . There are several theories on this doctrine, the most important of which are three: “Ransom Theory”, “Moral Exemplar Theory”, and “Satisfaction Theory”. This paper presents a brief introduction to these theories and a critical consideration of challenges and answers to them. To this aim, this paper considers the answers of Thomas Aquinas, Philip Quinn and Richard Swinburne. The paper shows that the Atonement doctrine cannot be logically defended and each of the answers to its difficulties causes new challenges and antinomies. Nevertheless, the Swinburne’s theory has less difficulties than the others, although it also cannot answer to some important questions .     

  13. Solid state sciences committee forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Philip

    1992-05-01

    The 1991 SSSC Forum was conducted under the auspices of the Board on Physics and Astronomy's Solid State Sciences Committee (SSSC) and cosponsored with the National Materials Advisory Board (NMAB). The Forum was the culmination of a year-long dissemination effort following up the NCR study Materials Science and Engineering for the 1990s that was released in September of 1989 and successfully brought together experts and policy makers in the field of advanced materials processing to discuss issues pertinent to the field. Support for the Forum was provided by the Air Force office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), the Department of Energy (DOE), the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the office of Naval Research (ONR).

  14. Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to main content Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum HOME TAKE ACTION CONTACT US DONATE Facebook Twitter ... latest APIAHF updates Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum. All rights reserved. One Kaiser Plaza, Suite #850, ...

  15. 76 FR 55817 - Broadcast Applications and Proceedings; Fairness Doctrine and Digital Broadcast Television...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Parts 1, 73 and 76 Broadcast Applications and Proceedings; Fairness Doctrine and Digital Broadcast Television Redistribution Control; Fairness Doctrine, Personal Attacks, Political Editorials and... legal effect and are obsolete. The deleted rules include ] the fairness doctrine, broadcast flag rules...

  16. Second China-India Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>The Second China-India Forum sponsored by the CPAFFC and the China-India Friendship Association(CIFA) was held in Beijing May 15-16.CIFA President Jiang Zheng-hua,CIFA Advisor Wang Maolin,CPAFFC Vice President Feng Zuoku,and Indian Ambassador to China S.Jaishankar attended the opening ceremony.Over 200 officials,scholars,businessmen from the political,economic,cultural and environmental sectors of China,India and some other countries as well as reporters were present at the forum.

  17. Role Modelling in MOOC Discussion Forums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hecking, Tobias; Chounta, Irene-Angelica; Hoppe, H. Ulrich

    2017-01-01

    To further develop rich and expressive ways of modelling roles of contributors in discussion forums of online courses, particularly in MOOCs, networks of forum users are analyzed based on the relations of information-giving and information-seeking. Specific connection patterns that appear in the information exchange networks of forum users are…

  18. ASCO's Community Research Forum: addressing challenges of community-based research from the grass roots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert, Nicholas; Lilenbaum, Rogerio; Hurley, Patricia

    2014-01-01

    ASCO's Community Research Forum is a solution-oriented venue for community research sites to overcome barriers to conducting clinical trials. The key objectives of the Forum are to (1) convene community-based researchers to identify challenges to conducting research that ASCO can address, (2) develop solution-oriented projects to address these challenges to facilitate clinical trial participation in community research settings, and (3) shape ASCO programs and policies to support members engaged in community research. The Community Research Forum holds an annual in-person meeting that convenes physician investigators, research administrators, research nurses, and clinical research associates from community-based research programs and practices. To meet identified needs, the Community Research Forum has developed the ASCO Clinical Trial Workload Assessment Tool and the ASCO Research Program Quality Assessment Tool. Both of these tools will be available to the public in 2014. The Forum is currently exploring the concept and potential metrics of a research certification program to formally assess community-based research programs, and to identify gaps and areas to improve the program in order to meet quality standards. The Community Research Forum's website aims to serve as a go-to resource for community-based physician investigators and research staff. The Community Research Forum will continue to provide a forum for community-based researchers to network, share challenges, and develop initiatives that provide solutions and facilitate the conduct of clinical trials.

  19. Novel naval technologies: Sustaining or disrupting naval doctrine

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    te Kulve, Haico; Smit, Willem A.

    2010-01-01

    The defense sector is generally known to be simultaneously conservative and enthusiastic about novel technologies. Uptake of new technologies by the military may differ depending on the perceived impact of new technologies. Introduction of technological changes can sustain or disrupt doctrine and

  20. U-CrAc Flexible Interior Doctrine, Agile Learning Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Søren Bolvig; Rosenstand, Claus Andreas Foss

    2012-01-01

    The research domain of this article is flexible learning environment for immediate use. The research question is: How can the learning environment support an agile learning process? The research contribution of this article is a flexible interior doctrine. The research method is action research...

  1. A Win-Win Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    A decade later,the FOCAC has generated tangible benefits for both China and Africa The 10 years since the inauguration of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation(FOCAC) have witnessed the most rapid growth in the history of China-Africa relations.China unveiled measures to strengthen cooperation at every FOCAC ministerial conference and these measures were effectively implemented.

  2. A Win-Win Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG ZHONGXIANG

    2010-01-01

    @@ The 10 years since the inauguration of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation(FOCAC)have witnessed the most rapid growth in the history of China-Africa relations,China unveiled measures to strengthen cooperation at every FOCAC ministerial conference and these measures were effectively implemented.

  3. Brainstorming Versus Arguments Structuring in Online Forums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulrahman Alqahtani

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available We characterize electronic discussion forums as being of one of the following two types: Brainstorming Forums and Arguments Structuring Forums. In this work we analyze and classify the types of threading models occurring as a function of the type of forum. For our analysis we study forums attached to the 25 news sources most used by the aggregator Google News, as detected by a 2007 study. Most discussion forums associated with articles on these news sources seem to be designed not with the purpose of structuring arguments but mainly with the purpose of helping readers brainstorm easily their reactions to the corresponding news item. The forums were classified as to what user-supported metadata they gather and use in comment presentation. We compare the features observed for brainstorming forums, as learned via the aforementioned procedure, with the fea-tures of dedicated argument structuring forums. The argument structuring forums that were used as basis of the comparison are: YourView, DebateDecide, and Opinion Space. We notice significant differences in the obtained models for the two types of forums, as well as significant differences with respect to the the structuring of user submitted data in polls associated with major news channels. We believe that this is the first kind of work that deals with the issue above.

  4. To vaccinate or not? The disqualification of commercial sources of health advice in an online forum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vayreda, Agnès; Antaki, Charles

    2011-01-01

    Public health debates in online forums allow the emergence of ordinary practical reasoning about 'official' health information. We used a Discursive Psychology approach to analyse postings in a forum devoted to the discussion of the H1N1 (Swine flu) virus. We identify the discursive practices that contributors use to valorize certain elements in the debate (what they cast as science, rationality and 'proper' scepticism) over others (especially commercial interests, 'charlatanism' and 'profiteering'). A forum participant can be disqualified on the basis of their alleged partiality and interest, if they can be accused of having a commercial stake in the matter. But no such opprobrium results if they have a 'scientific' interest.

  5. Information Operations: Reassessing Doctrine and Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    operations include electronic warfare, psychological operations, physical attack/destruction, operations security, deception, and special information operations...computer network operations, and computer network exploitation—all related terms but each with its own slightly different definition. SPECIAL INFORMATION OPERATIONS... Special information operations (SIO) are not clearly defined in Joint publications and only described as "information operations that by

  6. Advancing Science Literacy Through the Climate Change National Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen-Gammon, J. W.; Quirke, M.; Lefer, B. L.; Hester, T.

    2014-12-01

    The Climate Change National Forum (http://climatechangenationalforum.org) was established almost a year ago to provide a publicly visible platform for discussion of scientific issues related to climate change and, at a later date, policy options motivated by climate change science. The site is also designed to promote public literacy in the culture and conduct of science by incorporating dozens of active scientists in a broad range of climate science and related fields and encouraging dialogue among those scientists. The forum provides a rare window into scientific debate, allowing non-scientists to see how scientists evaluate the work of others, construct meaning out of various bits of evidence, formulate ideas, challenge their colleagues, and (on occasion) develop a consensus. As such, the site is intended to have educational value well beyond its climate science focus.

  7. Afri-Can Forum 2

    OpenAIRE

    Sartorius, Benn; Coetzee, Jenny; Mokgatswana, Kgaugelo; Jewkes, Rachel; Gray, Glenda E.; Dugas, Marylène; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Rutakumwa, Rwamahe; Mbonye, Martin; Kiwanuka, Thadeus; Nakamanya, Sarah; Muhumuza, Richard; Nalukenge, Winfred; Seeley, Janet; Atujuna, Millicent

    2016-01-01

    Table of contents A1 Introduction to the 2nd synchronicity forum of GHRI/CHVI-funded Canadian and African HIV prevention and vaccine teams O1 Voluntary medical male circumcision for prevention of heterosexual transmission of HIV in adult males in Soweto: What do indicators and incidence rate show? Hillary Mukudu, Neil Martinson, Benn Sartorius O2 Developing a peer-led community mobilization program for sex workers in Soweto: HIV risk and demographics Jenny Coetzee, Janan Dietrich, Kgaugelo Mo...

  8. Young physicists' forum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    T. Adams et al.

    2001-11-02

    The Young Physicists' Forum was an opportunity for the younger members of the particle-physics community to gather at Snowmass 2001 and to study and debate major issues that face the field over the next twenty years. Discussions were organized around three major topics: outreach and education, the impact of globalization, and building a robust and balanced field. We report on the results of these discussions, as presented on July 17, 2001.

  9. The BBC and public value

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, Richard

    2007-01-01

    The paper identifies the roots of ‘public value’ management in the work of the American scholar Mark Moore, describes its mediation to the UK and its adoption by the BBC as a\\ud regulatory as well as a management doctrine. The author proposes that the BBC’s adoption of public value doctrine responds to critiques of the BBC’s divergence from public\\ud service principles in its broadcasting practice and to the challenges of the contemporaneous review of the BBC’s Charter. The paper describes th...

  10. Heterodox Autonomy Doctrine: realism and purposes, and its relevance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Bernal-Meza

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Autonomy Doctrine, elaborated by Juan Carlos Puig, is a realist point of view of International Relations. It is an analysis, from the periphery, about the structure of world power, and a roadmap (from a theoretical point of view for the longing process of autonomization-regarding hegemonic power-for a country whose ruling class would decide to overcome dependency. The elements its author took into account when analyzing its own context are explained in this text and, afterwards, are reflected over its relevance nowadays. For that purpose, it is necessary to answer certain questions, such as which are the concepts and categories that may explain its relevance, its applicability to regional integration and cooperation models and projects, and what would be the analytical method to compare reality versus ideas, among others. The methodological proposal to analyze the relevance of Puig's doctrine is to compare it to different visions of regionalism that are currently in effect in Latin America.

  11. Developing Joint Counterinsurgency Doctrine: An Airman’s Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    creative and equitable to have started with the proverbial clean sheet of paper. As it is, there is an imperative for Airmen (and Sailors) to insist...obsessed” with a technology “ mania ” that is “counterproduc- tive” in COIN.26 He explicitly cites the air weapon as the “most notable” cause of the...mistaken assumption that the capabilities and doctrine (and perhaps creativ - ity) of American airpower and Airmen today are conterminous with those

  12. The Future of NATO’s Tactical Air Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Force Attack ( FOFA ) in response to Soviet plans to move their forces forward in succeeding waves against NATO defenses.29 Although FOFA was never...movements.30 FOFA involved attacking Warsaw Pact second echelon forces before they entered the main defensive area. FOFA attacks were not necessarily...how might NATO plan to defend Baltic territory if they are asked to join the Alliance? A doctrinal analysis of possible strategies might determine that

  13. The formulation of the neuron doctrine: the Island of Cajal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz-Sidlow, R J

    1998-02-01

    Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852-1934), Spanish histologist, was the renowned formulator of the "neuron doctrine" and recipient of the 1906 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology for his work on the structure of the nervous system. In contrast to the then well-accepted "reticular theory," which held that the nervous system is arranged and functions as a continuous network of cellular material, Cajal's neuron doctrine envisioned each nerve cell as an autonomous entity, establishing contact--not continuity--with other nerve cells. Cajal's theory is as well a description fitting of Cajal's own temperament, as emerges from his profound memoirs Recuerdos de Mi Vida (Recollections of My Life). The recollections detail the life of the man known from his boyhood as "capricious," the term for the goat who lives alone in the hills. For Cajal, this need for solitude and autonomy was reflected in his choice of the adventurer Robinson Crusoe as a childhood hero. Throughout his life, Cajal's desire for independence formed both his social interactions and his scientific pursuits; in his research, he preferred to remain unfettered by the academic "reticulum" of his time. A close reading of his memoirs reveals that the neuron doctrine, which envisions each nerve cell as "free," is a theory shaped by Cajal's essence, by his solitary nature and unhindered personal spirit.

  14. Trinko and Re-Grounding the Refusal to Deal Doctrine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Candeub

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Verizon Communications Inc. v. Law Offices of Curtis V. Trinko, LLP (“Trinko”, the most important Supreme Court antitrust review of the refusal to deal antitrust doctrine in twenty years, pitted a local incumbent monopolist telephone company (“ILEC”, Verizon, against a class of competitive local exchange companies (“CLECs”, the new entrants to local telephone service spawned by the 1996 Telecommunications Act (“1996 Act” or “Telecom Act”, and their customers. The Supreme Court rejected the CLECs’ claim that Verizon violated the antitrust laws by failing to provide interconnection services as the Act required. The CLECs based their claim upon two antitrust doctrines: “refusal to deal” and “essential facilities,” both of which require monopolists to provide vital vertical inputs to their downstream competitors. Here, the input was interconnection or “access” on a wholesale level to Verizon’s telephone network that its competitors needed in order to provide retail phone service. The Court ruled that if a legal mechanism exists, as with the 1996 Act, to compel access to the putative monopolist’s resource, the refusal to deal doctrine has nothing to remedy and, therefore, plaintiffs did not state an antitrust claim.

  15. CERN hosts Physics and Society Forum

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2012-01-01

    On 28-29 March, CERN hosted the fifth edition of the European Physical Society's “Physics and Society” forum. The forum addresses the role of physicists in general society – be they in education, politics, industry or communication. This year, attendees looked at how physicists have adapted - and can continue to adapt - to work in the economic marketplace.   “The forums began back in 2006, as a special closing event for the 2005 World Year of Physics,” explains Martial Ducloy, former President of the French Physical Society and Chair of the EPS Forum Physics and Society. “We decided to keep the sessions going, as they gave physicists a venue to discuss the non-scientific issues that influence their daily work. As the world's largest international physics laboratory – and the venue for this year's EPS Council – CERN seemed the ideal place to host this year's forum.” The forum ...

  16. Forum: Interpersonal Communication in Instructional Settings: Improving Situational Awareness for Instructional Communication Research: A Forum Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Titsworth, Scott

    2017-01-01

    In this response, Scott Titsworth analyzes similarities among the forum essays and then offers ideas for how instructional communication scholars might adopt greater situational awareness in research, theory, and application of their work. [Other essays in this forum include: (1) FORUM: Interpersonal Communication in Instructional Settings: The…

  17. Forum: Interpersonal Communication in Instructional Settings: Improving Situational Awareness for Instructional Communication Research: A Forum Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Titsworth, Scott

    2017-01-01

    In this response, Scott Titsworth analyzes similarities among the forum essays and then offers ideas for how instructional communication scholars might adopt greater situational awareness in research, theory, and application of their work. [Other essays in this forum include: (1) FORUM: Interpersonal Communication in Instructional Settings: The…

  18. Using Structured e-Forum to Support the Legislation Formation Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xenakis, Alexandros; Loukis, Euripides

    Many public policy problems are 'wicked', being characterised by high complexity, many heterogeneous views and conflicts among various stakeholders, and also lack of mathematically 'optimal' solutions and predefined algorithms for calculating them. The best approach for addressing such problems is through consultation and argumentation among stakeholders. The e-participation research has investigated and suggested several ICT tools for this purpose, such as e-forum, e-petition and e-community tools. This paper investigates the use of an advanced ICT tool, the structured e-forum, for addressing such wicked problems associated with the legislation formation. For this purpose we designed, implemented and evaluated two pilot e-consultations on legislation under formation in the Parliaments of Austria and Greece using a structured e-forum tool based on the Issue Based Information Systems (IBIS) framework. The conclusions drawn reveal the advantages offered by the structured e-forum, but also its difficulties as well.

  19. The evolution of the doctrine of restraint of trade in Australia: a law reform perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, John Wei-Ting

    2017-01-01

    This thesis examines the present state of the common law doctrine of restraint of trade from a law reform perspective. The doctrine was developed in England between the 1600s and mid-1800s and its evolution over the centuries has been a slow and ongoing process. The present state of the doctrine and its application in the Australian jurisdiction presents a challenging set of circumstances due to the difficulties faced by contracting parties when they wish to engage in restraint of trade. ...

  20. Articulação de políticas públicas a partir dos fóruns de competitividade setoriais: a experiência recente da cadeia produtiva têxtil e de confecções Sectorial competitiveness forums and public policy articulation: the recent experience of the textile and garment production chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel A. Antero

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo reflete sobre a ação do Fórum de Competitividade da Cadeia Produtiva Têxtil e de Confecções como articulador de políticas públicas e apresenta sugestões/ alternativas para essa cadeia produtiva. Inicia com um panorama sobre o fórum de competitividade, demonstrando seu conceito, objetivos e metodologia de trabalho, que prevê o consenso tripartite (empresários, trabalhadores e governo para a formulação de políticas públicas. Em seguida, desenvolve uma análise da evolução recente da cadeia produtiva têxtil e de confecções, buscando produzir um primeiro balanço dos problemas e potencialidades identificados. O artigo também analisa a experiência desse fórum de competitividade setorial, visando identificar inovações e problemas na coordenação e cooperação dos diversos atores para a consecução de políticas setoriais de desenvolvimento. Por último, aborda os principais desafios e dificuldades, dando especial ênfase a duas questões estratégicas: as ações para geração de emprego e renda e as ações para o desenvolvimento da competitividade da cadeia têxtil e de confecções.This article reflects upon the role of the Competitiveness Forum of the Textile and Garment Production Chain in public policymaking, and presents suggestions/alternatives for this chain. It begins by presenting an overview of the competitiveness forum, outlining the concept, objectives and work methodology, which calls for a tripartite consensus (business, workers, and government in public policymaking. In then examines the recent evolution of the textile and garment production chain, so as to present a balance of the identified problems and potentials. It analyzes the experience of this sectorial competitiveness forum so as to identify innovations and issues regarding the coordination and cooperation of the several agents involved in sectorial development policy-making. Finally, the article presents the main challenges and

  1. 77 FR 26769 - Educational Forum on Medical Device Reporting, Complaint Files, and Recalls, Corrections, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ... Device Industry Coalition (FMDIC), is announcing a public workshop entitled ``Educational Forum on... the regulated industry, particularly small businesses. DATES: Date and Time: The public workshop will... Renaissance Dallas Hotel, 2222 Stemmons Freeway, Dallas, TX 75207. Directions and lodging information are...

  2. 77 FR 43416 - ITS Industry Forum on Connected Vehicles: Moving From Research Towards Implementation; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... ITS Industry Forum on Connected Vehicles: Moving From Research Towards Implementation; Notice of Public Meeting AGENCY: ITS Joint Program Office, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, U.S... Transportation System Joint Program Office (ITS JPO) will host a free public meeting and webinar to...

  3. ELTECS-Chi-L Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    Rosalind Burford: Introduction to ELTECS-Chi-L I am delighted to welcome you to ELTECS-Chi-L, an electronic discussion forum for ELT professionals in China. By the year 2,000 it is estimated that one billion people will be learning English. It is the main language of books, newspapers, international business, science, technology, travel, diplomacy, sport, music and so on. When English is so much in demand it makes sense to share ideas with colleagues. That’ s why the British Council decided to establish an international English Language Contacts Scheme-EL-TECS for short.

  4. Report of a Policy Forum: Weather, Climate, and Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2002-07-01

    The report of a policy forum on Weather, Climate, and Energy presents findings and recommendations that, if implemented, could position the energy sector, the providers of weather and climate science and services, and energy consumers to mange more cooperatively and effectively the production, distribution, and consumption of electrical power and fossil fuels. Recent U.S. experience with a series of energy shortages encouraged the AMS Atmospheric Policy Program to join with the University of Oklahoma in the development of a forum to address the issues connected with responding to those shortages. Nearly 100 representatives from the public, private, and academic portions of the energy production sector, the meteorological community, political and corporate leaders, weather risk management analysts, and policy makers met on October 16-17, 2001 to discuss these policy issues.

  5. The forum as a friend: parental mental illness and communication on open Internet forums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widemalm, My; Hjärthag, Fredrik

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this study was to identify how daughters or sons to parents suffering from mental illness perceive their situation. The objective was to provide new knowledge based on what they communicate on open Internet forums. The sample consisted of forum posts written by individuals who reported that they had mentally ill parents. Data collection comprised 301 comments from 35 forum threads on 5 different Swedish Internet forums, and predetermined inclusion criteria were used. Data were analyzed qualitatively using thematic analysis. The analysis generated four themes: "Caregiver burden," "Knowledge seeking," "Support from the forum," and "Frustration and powerlessness over health care." The results showed that parents' mental illness affected the forum writers on several levels, and they often felt stigmatized. The writers often lacked knowledge of their parents' mental illness and sought out Internet forums for information and support from peers in similar situations. The psychiatric care given to the parents was a source of dissatisfaction among the forum writers, who often felt that their parents did not receive adequate care. This study shows that fear of stigmatization and perceived lack of care and support caused forum writers to anonymously seek out Internet forums for information and support from others with similar experiences. The role of social support and the attractiveness of anonymity and availability typical for open Internet forums ought to be considered by health care professionals and researchers when developing new ways for providing support for children or adolescents with a mentally ill parent.

  6. 2006 Chinese Government Auto Purchase Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Sponsored by Economic Daily and the China Machinery Enterprises Management Association, the 2006 Chinese Government Auto Purchase Forum will be held in Tianjin on July 11-13. This represents another high-level dialogue and exchange between the government and the auto industry hot on the heels of the 2005 Chinese Government Auto Purchase Forum. This event is launched to promote

  7. SENTIMENT ANALYSIS FOR ONLINE FORUMS HOTSPOT DETECTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Nirmala Devi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The user generated content on the web grows rapidly in this emergent information age. The evolutionary changes in technology make use of such information to capture only the user’s essence and finally the useful information are exposed to information seekers. Most of the existing research on text information processing, focuses in the factual domain rather than the opinion domain. Text mining plays a vital role in online forum opinion mining. But opinion mining from online forum is much more difficult than pure text process due to their semi structured characteristics. In this paper we detect online hotspot forums by computing sentiment analysis for text data available in each forum. This approach analyzes the forum text data and computes value for each piece of text. The proposed approach combines K-means clustering and Support Vector Machine (SVM classification algorithm that can be used to group the forums into two clusters forming hotspot forums and non-hotspot forums within the current time span. The experiment helps to identify that K-means and SVM together achieve highly consistent results. The prediction result of SVM is also compared with other classifiers such as Naïve Bayes, Decision tree and among them SVM performs the best.

  8. Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edgerton, Harold E.

    1985-04-01

    As I struggled to complete my thesis research, for advanced degrees in electrical engineering at MIT (1927 and 1931), little did I realize that two important developments of considerable engineering application were in their embryonic stages, and I was right on the cutting edge of both. These were (1) the first practical analog computer?"' with the capability to solve nonlinear differential equations and (2) the strobe light,5-7 which gives ample light to record rapidly moving mechanical motions. These two devices were used together as a system to study the transient performance of synchronous machines for my graduate studies. I must say that they did it well for many years.

  9. Sustainable Markets Investment Briefings: the regulatory taking doctrine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cotula, Lorenzo

    2007-08-15

    This is the third of a series of briefings which discuss the sustainable development issues raised by legal arrangements for the protection of foreign investment. The briefings are based on legal research by IIED and its partners. The goal is to provide accessible but accurate information for human rights, development and environmental organisations working on issues raised by foreign investment in low- and middle-income countries. Briefing 3 introduces one of the most controversial legal doctrines of investment law – 'regulatory taking' – and sets out its implications for sustainable development.

  10. Two Is the Beginning of the End: "Peter Pan" and the Doctrine of Reminiscence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudson, Glenda A.

    2006-01-01

    This article considers J.M. Barrie's satirical treatment of the Platonic doctrine of reminiscence in "Peter Pan," and how Barrie's work both honors and undercuts it. It will first analyze the Platonic notion of the doctrine of reminiscence in Wordsworth's "Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood" (1807). It will then…

  11. Two Is the Beginning of the End: "Peter Pan" and the Doctrine of Reminiscence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudson, Glenda A.

    2006-01-01

    This article considers J.M. Barrie's satirical treatment of the Platonic doctrine of reminiscence in "Peter Pan," and how Barrie's work both honors and undercuts it. It will first analyze the Platonic notion of the doctrine of reminiscence in Wordsworth's "Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood" (1807). It will then…

  12. Gains Based Remedies: the misguided search for a doctrine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Stafford

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available ADVANCE ACCESSIn this article Tom Stafford (Paralegal at Clyde & Co LLP examines the phenomenon of “Gains Based Remedies”. These are awards that, unlike classical damage awards which are calculated by reference to the loss suffered by the claimant, correlate to the gain made by the defendant. A couple of common examples include an account of profits for breach of trust claims, or the “disgorgement” damages that were awarded in AG v Blake. These awards are however available for a spectrum of varied wrongs. Their seeming lack of unity has often baffled commentators who have tried to search for an underpinning doctrine. One particularly renowned commentary is that of Professor Edelman’s, who suggests that these wrongs can be understood by being broken down into one of two categories: awards which seek to deter wrongdoing, and awards which reverse a wrongful transfer of value. The purpose of this article is to discuss the flaws of this view of the law, and to suggest that in fact, any search for a doctrinal underpinning to Gains Based Remedies is misguided. The cases in which these awards are granted have only one feature common to all: the claimant’s loss is, for whatever reason, difficult or impossible to assess. For that reason, the courts use the only other measure of the wrong available: the defendant’s gain.

  13. Shaping the New World Order: International Cultural Opportunities and the Private Sector. Edited Proceedings of an International Cultural Forum (Washington, D.C., December 13, 1991).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Malcolm, Ed.; And Others

    This publication presents the proceedings of a forum held at the U.S. State Department (Washington, D.C.) on the influence of international cultural opportunities in the new world order taking shape since the demise of Communism. The speeches, introductions, and forum discussions are offered in the order that they occurred over the course of a…

  14. 77 FR 15398 - Attentive Driving: Countermeasures for Distraction Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ... SAFETY BOARD Attentive Driving: Countermeasures for Distraction Forum The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) will convene a forum, Attentive Driving: Countermeasures for Distraction, which will begin... the forum, and all five NTSB Board Members will serve as members of the Board of Inquiry. The forum is...

  15. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996. Photo 01: Thérèse Wolf, Secretary of Forum Engelberg; Alain Hervé; Horst Wenninger; and Alexander Höchli, Forum member and former Landammann of the canton of Obwalden, at the CMS detector's assembly site.

  16. Suisse Romande forum meets at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    The subject of the «Forum des 100» meeting held at CERN on 9 June was «Suisse Romande: Une région en quête de succès» (a region in search of success). Organised by the magazine l'Hebdo and the Rezonance.ch association, the forum was attended by numerous representatives from politics, industry and education and consisted of a day of lectures and debates. Pascal Couchepin, Head of the Swiss Federal Department of Home Affairs, and Luc Ferry, philosopher and former French Education Minister, were among those who took part in the forum.

  17. "2004 Beijing International Publishing Forum" to Be Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

      The General Administration of Press & Publication and State Council Informa tion Office will host "2004 Beijing International Publishing Forum" prior to the Beijing International Book Fair this year (Aug.30-Sept.1, 2004) in Beijing Friendship Hotel,aiming to look into how to use international practices as reference in the current reform of publishing industry, to provide a dialogue and exchange platform for publishers and overseas leading publishing institutions, to learn advanced overseas publishing management philosophy and to further clear up our country's thinking of publishing industry reform and development.……

  18. "2004 Beijing International Publishing Forum" to Be Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ The General Administration of Press & Publication and State Council Informa tion Office will host "2004 Beijing International Publishing Forum" prior to the Beijing International Book Fair this year (Aug.30-Sept.1, 2004) in Beijing Friendship Hotel,aiming to look into how to use international practices as reference in the current reform of publishing industry, to provide a dialogue and exchange platform for publishers and overseas leading publishing institutions, to learn advanced overseas publishing management philosophy and to further clear up our country's thinking of publishing industry reform and development.

  19. Low-level waste forum meeting reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-12-31

    This report provides highlights from the 1992 fall meeting of the Low LEvel Radioactive Waste Forum. Topics included: disposal options after 1992; interregional agreements; management alternatives; policy; and storage.

  20. Titaanide heitlus: Forum Cinemas vs Cinamon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Cinamon Group avab Solarise keskuses uue Cinamoni kinoketti kuuluva kino, mis konkureerib Coca-Cola Plazaga (võrdlev tabel, allikad: Cinamoni turundusjuht Evelyn Laar ja Forum Cinemas' levijuhi asetäitja Timo Diener)

  1. Changing Forum. Sheridan College, Oakville, Ontario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Progressive Architecture, 1976

    1976-01-01

    The architects of Sheridan College invented an organizational plan that views the campus as an urban form similar to a pedestrian-scaled town or city, built to focus on a central "market" or forum area. (Author/MLF)

  2. Low-level waste forum meeting reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-12-31

    This paper provides highlights from the summer meeting of the Low Level Radioactive Waste Forum. Topics of discussion included: responsibility for nonfuel component disposal; state experiences in facility licensing; and volume projections.

  3. Asian Employment Forum Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ From August 13 through 15,2007,the Asian Employment Forum sponsored by the International Labor Organization (ILO) and hosted by the Ministry of Labor and Social Security of China was held in Beijing.

  4. Titaanide heitlus: Forum Cinemas vs Cinamon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Cinamon Group avab Solarise keskuses uue Cinamoni kinoketti kuuluva kino, mis konkureerib Coca-Cola Plazaga (võrdlev tabel, allikad: Cinamoni turundusjuht Evelyn Laar ja Forum Cinemas' levijuhi asetäitja Timo Diener)

  5. Public Participation Guide: Electronic Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Electronic democracy describes a wide range of interactive tools that embrace existing and emergent media sources as a forum for allowing members of the public to express opinions and seek to influence decision-making.

  6. The 1st Asian Lightning Protection Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ The First Asian Lightning Protection Forum was held on October 28-29, 2003 in Beijing, China.The forum was sponsored by the China Association for Standardization and was organized by Chinese National Committee for Lightning Protection Technology Standardization, Department of Electrical Engineering Tsinghua University, China Electricity Council, Zhongguang High-tech Industrial Development Co.,Ltd, and Lightning Protection Center of Guangdong Province.

  7. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996. He is pictured here (right) alongside CERN Director-General Prof. Luciano Maiani during the visit of Forum members to CERN.

  8. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996. He is seen here (right) in discussion with Bernard Ecoffey, Founder of the Forum Engelberg.

  9. The Mistaken Doctrine of Common Law: A Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikodym Lukáš

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The study deals with Huerta de Soto’s thesis about the “mistaken doctrine of common law”, which is based on the equalization of depositum irregulare and mutuum contracts. He concluded that equalization of these contracts resulted in the creation of business cycles. According to this study, Huerta de Soto made a mistake when considering contracts inspired by the continental law based on Roman law. The study shows that mutuum was even in Roman law an ancient contract that was not codified, and that Huerta de Soto’s interpretation of this contract in the Anglo-American legal system is based more on civil law, not on common law as he stated in his work. Finally, the problem of common law did not lie in the equalization of the mentioned contracts, but rather in the absence of depositum irregulare contracts applied to monetary questions.

  10. Recovery of stranded costs under electric deregulation: The Winstar doctrine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Person, J.C. [Person and Craver, Washington, DC (United States)

    1998-12-31

    This paper explores the applicability of the Winstar doctrine to the recovery of stranded costs arising from the deregulation of the electric utility industry. Such stranded costs, which have been widely estimated to be in the $100--200 billion range, represent those utility assets whose book value exceed their market value. Not addressed in this paper are the ongoing state and federal legislative initiatives to allow for the recovery of some or all of a utility`s stranded costs, such as through the assessment of competitive transmission charges (CTCs) or through stranded cost securitization. Rather, this paper presents one of several of legal arguments that could be utilized in those situations where a legislative solution either does not exist or does not allow for full book value recovery.

  11. Great Expectations: Arizona Teens Speak Up. Forum 411. Edition 1, Issue 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison Institute for Public Policy, Arizona State University, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This fourth issue of Morrison Institute for Public Policy's "Forum 411" quarterly briefing series offers insights into Arizona's 600,000-plus adolescents from professionals who work with them every day and from teens themselves. Presented herein are the findings of a survey on what teens think about their lives and the major issues…

  12. Carl von Rokitansky and the Italian translation of the Handbuch der Pathologischen Anatomie: a linguistic and doctrinal enigma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castagnoli, L; Jonjic, N; Rizzardi, C; Melato, M

    2001-12-01

    Carl von Rokitansky was the author of a treatise that came out between 1842 and 1846 with the title Handbuch der Pathologischen Anatomie. A historical milestone in pathological anatomy, Rokitansky's work represented the first attempt to systematically classify pathological specimens. Its publication inevitably made a great impact on Vienna, at that time the major European medical centre. The Italian translation of Rokitansky's masterpiece, Trattato Completo di Anatomia Patologica, published in Venice in 1852, was carried out by Ricchetti and Fano: the former a philologist and the latter a Triestine physician who, in 1873, had worked at Simon Pertot's side, the first prosector to be assumed in Trieste. From the start, the two translators not only made no secret of the linguistic obstacles they came up against, but also how unconvincing Rokitansky's doctrines were; a scepticism emerged from their words that inevitably contributed to the realization of a translation difficult to read. Undoubtedly, Rokitansky elaborated a theory of disease containing a certain degree of unclarity and in this respect it is interesting to emphasize that even the English translation, Manual of Pathologic Anatomy (1849-1854), demonstrated similar conceptual problems. A convinced supporter of gross pathology, Rokitansky put forth a theory of disease, the so-called Krasenlehre, resting upon humoral doctrines. This new knowledge inevitably exerted a great influence over Viennese, as well as German, medicine. Rokitansky's humoral pathology survived until the 1850s, when it was attacked by young Virchow, the future, universally recognized, father of cellular pathology, who definitively extinguished speculative humoral pathology.

  13. Cultural Interest Goods as Public Goods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Vargas-Ayala

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the debate regarding the nature of goods of cultural interest as public goods, discussion until now overlooked by the legal doctrine in Administrative Law. Through the exam of judicial decisions, it seeks to question their inalienable character, and their aptitude to be acquired by the State, case in which they shift their nature into public goods.

  14. Evaluation of an online medical teaching forum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravindran, Rahul; Kashyap, Mavin; Lilis, Lydia; Vivekanantham, Sayinthen; Phoenix, Gokulan

    2014-07-01

    Social media is increasingly being used for teaching and assessment. We describe the design and implementation of a Facebook© teaching forum for medical students, and evaluate its effectiveness. A Facebook© teaching forum was set up in a London Hospital to assist with learning and assessment for undergraduate medical students. An independent online survey was used to collate their experiences. Accessibility to the forum, usefulness in stimulating peer-to-peer discussion and the use of weekly formative assessments were evaluated using a Likert scale. In total, 91 per cent (n=68/75) of students who had Facebook© joined the teaching forum. The majority of students completed the questionnaire (n=39/68, 57%). All students visited the teaching forum group at least once a week. A significant proportion attempted all 10 question sets (n=16/39, 41%). Students felt more comfortable asking questions in the forum than in ward rounds and clinics (n=22/39, 56%). The general consensus was that Facebook© could be used for educational purposes, with just 5 per cent of students (n=2/39) thinking that Facebook© should only be used socially and with 92 per cent believing that the forum helped to achieve the learning objectives of the curriculum (n=36/39). Facebook© provides a safe environment for learning and discussion amongst medical undergraduates undergoing their clinical attachments. Furthermore, through formative assessments set by a medical educator, it provides a useful revision tool for summative assessments and reinforces knowledge learned through conventional teaching methods. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. Epidemic model for information diffusion in web forums: experiments in marketing exchange and political dialog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Jiyoung; Chen, Hsinchun

    2016-01-01

    As social media has become more prevalent, its influence on business, politics, and society has become significant. Due to easy access and interaction between large numbers of users, information diffuses in an epidemic style on the web. Understanding the mechanisms of information diffusion through these new publication methods is important for political and marketing purposes. Among social media, web forums, where people in online communities disseminate and receive information, provide a good environment for examining information diffusion. In this paper, we model topic diffusion in web forums using the epidemiology model, the susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR) model, frequently used in previous research to analyze both disease outbreaks and knowledge diffusion. The model was evaluated on a large longitudinal dataset from the web forum of a major retail company and from a general political discussion forum. The fitting results showed that the SIR model is a plausible model to describe the diffusion process of a topic. This research shows that epidemic models can expand their application areas to topic discussion on the web, particularly social media such as web forums.

  16. Ceramic Forum International yearbook 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reh, H. (ed.)

    2004-12-01

    This is the second English-language edition of our 'ceramic forum international Yearbook'. In this year's 'Ceramics World', the perpetually updated textbook section, you will find papers surveying the already in technical ceramics established fields of 'bioceramics' and 'ceramic armouring'. From the traditional ceramics sector, from which news of more and more innovations have been reaching us in recent months, we have picked out 'decorating processes for ceramic tiles' as these are currently enjoying an undreamt-of boom thanks to the development of completely new shaping processes. A soundly researched study on 'rheology in ceramics' completes this section of the yearbook. Interested ceramists will again find everything they need for their day-to-day work - the index will help them to find the information they need fast. This information is available under the following headings: (A) Product News: Short notes on outstanding new machines, kilns, plants and equipment as well as new raw materials on the market, supplied by both European and overseas suppliers. (B) Abstracts: A compilation of abridged articles, all of which published during the last 12 months, discussing interesting processes and products or new directions in research. (C) ESD - European Suppliers Directory: Who supplies what? In English, German, Spanish, Italian and French with about 220 company entries. (D) Appendix: Listing ceramics laboratories in Europe; the periodic system; the most important physical units and the conversion of older ones to SI units (and vice versa); essential formulas for use in the ceramist's daily practice. (orig.)

  17. Four moments from US foreign policy doctrine: Between theory and the practice?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Tovar Ruiz

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Doctrines and strategies in international politics represent one of the most interesting elements for the discipline of international relations as a point of connection between theory and practice. An analysis of four of the great doctrines of US foreign policy (two of them realist, i.e those of Truman and Nixon, and two idealist, those of Clinton and Bush Jr and their historical development lead us to the conclusion that these doctrines are capable of changing reality and creating lasting instruments for applying to very different contexts, reaching even the present day (for example, containment, the domino theory and “Vietnamization”. We must bear in mind, however, the need for these doctrines to meet the criteria ofpragmatism and flexibility, prudence and self restriction, and for them to accept the institutional and moral limits of the societies on which they are established.

  18. Niels Bohr as Philosopher of Experiment: Does Decoherence Theory Challenge Bohr's Doctrine of Classical Concepts?

    CERN Document Server

    Camilleri, Kristian

    2015-01-01

    Niels Bohr's doctrine of the primacy of "classical concepts" is arguably his most criticized and misunderstood view. We present a new, careful historical analysis that makes clear that Bohr's doctrine was primarily an epistemological thesis, derived from his understanding of the functional role of experiment. A hitherto largely overlooked disagreement between Bohr and Heisenberg about the movability of the "cut" between measuring apparatus and observed quantum system supports the view that, for Bohr, such a cut did not originate in dynamical (ontological) considerations, but rather in functional (epistemological) considerations. As such, both the motivation and the target of Bohr's doctrine of classical concepts are of a fundamentally different nature than what is understood as the dynamical problem of the quantum-to-classical transition. Our analysis suggests that, contrary to claims often found in the literature, Bohr's doctrine is not, and cannot be, at odds with proposed solutions to the dynamical problem...

  19. Dynamic patterns of academic forum activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhi-Dan; Gao, Ya-Chun; Cai, Shi-Min; Zhou, Tao

    2016-11-01

    A mass of traces of human activities show rich dynamic patterns. In this article, we comprehensively investigate the dynamic patterns of 50 thousands of researchers' activities in Sciencenet, the largest multi-disciplinary academic community in China. Through statistical analyses, we found that (i) there exists a power-law scaling between the frequency of visits to an academic forum and the number of corresponding visitors, with the exponent being about 1.33; (ii) the expansion process of academic forums obeys the Heaps' law, namely the number of distinct visited forums to the number of visits grows in a power-law form with exponent being about 0.54; (iii) the probability distributions of time intervals and the number of visits taken to revisit the same academic forum both follow power-laws, indicating the existence of memory effect in academic forum activities. On the basis of these empirical results, we propose a dynamic model that incorporates the exploration, preferential return with memory effect, which can well reproduce the observed scaling laws.

  20. The Search for Space Doctrine’s War-Fighting Icon

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    The Influence of Sea Power upon History , 1660–1783 trans- formed not only the US Navy but also the navies of France, Germany, Britain, and Japan.10...sovereignty at risk. One more short departure into our history can help explain this urgency. History is littered with examples of technological...advancing troops. Out of the horror of battle came airpower doctrine as an at- tempt to overcome centuries of ground doctrine that had led to stale

  1. Adapting short of doctrine: US military counterinsurgency in Iraq March 2004 to December 2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-25

    to thinking about and codifying low-intensity conflict doctrine. Former Army Chief of Military History John Sloan Brown notes that, “Most soldiers and...Antoine Henri de Jomini 34 John Sloan Brown , Kevlar Legions: The Transformation of the United States Army 1989-2005 (Washington, DC: US Army Center of...Andrew, J. U.S. Army Counterinsurgency and Contingency Operations Doctrine 1942-1976. Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 2006. Brown , John

  2. Can the UN Stabilize Mali? Towards a UN Stabilization Doctrine?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur Boutellis

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Almost two years after the deployment of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA in July 2013, the increasing number of asymmetric terrorist attacks targeting UN peacekeepers – in the context of a drawn-out peace process – has raised a number of questions in Mali, the sub-region, and in New York, over the relevance and adequacies of MINUSMA’s mandate and capabilities. It also raises a broader issue, of whether the consent-based UN peacekeeping tool is appropriate and can be effective in carrying out stabilization mandates in such a context and what doctrine such operations should be based on. The UN is indeed under increasing pressure from host countries and some African troop-contributing countries to go on the offensive. Member States have also increasingly recognized terrorism and organized crime as a strategic threat, and while opposed to the UN directly engaging in counterterrorism (CT operations, some may wish to see the UN playing a greater stabilization role following the January 2013 French military intervention in Mali. However, little guidance and means have been given so far to UN missions for dealing with such threats and implementing effective stabilization mandates. The High-Level Panel on Peace Operations, which recently released its report, noted that the usage of the term “stabilization” by the UN requires clarification. This article analyses the complex and evolving nature of threats in northern Mali and implications for MINUSMA and describes the military and political tools – including mediation – so far available within and outside the UN. The article concludes that the UN is bound to move towards stabilization when and if deployed in contexts such as Mali’s if it wants to remain relevant. However, such a move should be based on an overarching UN stabilization doctrine and context-specific UN-wide stabilization strategies which are first and foremost political

  3. FIAP Forum on Entrepreneurship in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    With the changes in science as globalization has taken root, the future role of physicists becoming a part of the industrial physics community is more imperative. When 80% of graduating physicists will not be employed in academic positions, and 50% of all jobs for these physicists will be industrial sector, the importance of bringing our next generation of scientists up to speed on industrial applications is becoming much more important with the rapid, world-wide development of technology. FIAP is initiating a forum on entrepreneurship as a major role for the next generation of scientists. As physicists are problem solvers and the entrepreneurial experience is all about problem solving: whether involving technology, building a team, or financing a business. This forum seeks to link successful entrepreneurial physicists with the upcoming generation, through the dissemination of their global expertise and experience. The forum will consist of a panel discussion and then be open to question and answers from the audience.

  4. 3rd Developers@CERN Forum

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    It's about U and I !   The Developers@CERN Forum is an event by developers, for developers, aimed at promoting knowledge and experience sharing. This edition will take place at the IT Amphitheatre, on the 13th, 14th and 15th of February afternoons. It will consist of a series of short presentations and workshops. The topic for this conference will be Frontend & User interfaces. Have you got an idea for a presentation or workshop? Then, tell us about it (deadline on 27th of January). Registration will open in November. Please subscribe to developers-forum-announce@cern.ch mailing list for further information. This event will be made by developers for developers. We are counting on your presence, but also on your contributions! To learn more about the initiative, read the CERN Bulletin article. Organization You can get in touch us at developers-forum-organizers@cern.ch.

  5. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996. Photo 01: Raymond Battistella - Director-General of SIG, Geneva's utilities provider (left) - and Bernard Ecoffey, Founder of the Forum Engelberg. In the background is the CMS magnet system under construction. The red concentric rings are part of the barrel yoke, which returns the magnetic flux generated by the superconducting coil. Supported from the innermost barrel ring is the outer cylinder of the vacuum tank that will house the superconducting coil. Photo 02: Alexander Höchli, member of the Institutional Committee of Forum Engelberg and former Landammann of the canton of Obwalden (left), with Raymond Battistella, Di...

  6. Annual China Real Estate Forum 2010 at CEIBS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ The first Annual China Real Estate Forum was held on September 4 on the Beijing Campus of the China Europe International Business School (CEIBS). The forum has invited all stakeholders including government officials, property developers,bankers and investors.

  7. GreyGuide Forum and Repository

    OpenAIRE

    Biagioni, Stefania; Farace, Dominic

    2014-01-01

    We present the GreyGuide: an online forum and repository of good practice in the field of grey literature. The launch of the GreyGuide Repository took place in December 2013 at the Fifteenth International Conference on Grey Literature. Since then, the acquisition of both proposed and published good practices are underway. The GreyGuide as an online forum is currently in a developmental stage and is influenced by the changes that have taken place in GreyNet's new infrastructure commencing in J...

  8. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996. Horst Wenninger (left) in animated discussion with Alexander Höchli, member of the Institutional Committee of Forum Engelberg and former Landammann of the canton of Obwalden.

  9. Writing for Publication While in Graduate School: An Accessible Reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Joshua C.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this Writer's Forum is to share eight tips about writing for publication as a graduate student. These tips demonstrate writing for publication as an accessible reality for students. This Writer's Forum advances ideas, advice, and anecdotes focused on helping graduate students to see themselves as valued experts who are…

  10. China Textile Round Table Forum Fabrics: International Trend and Marketing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng Yuan

    2007-01-01

    @@ On April 8,2007,China Textile Round Table Forum:Profesional Market Forum(Guangzhou 2007)was held in China Fabrics & Accessories Center.Representatives from many countries and regions,leaderships from Chinese textile and garment industry,as well as experts and corporated executives gathered together on the forum,sharing their views on international trend and marketing of fabric.

  11. Finding Question-Answer Pairs from Online Forums

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cong, Gao; Wang, Long; Lin, Chin-Yew;

    2008-01-01

    Online forums contain a huge amount of valuable user generated content. In this paper we address the problem of extracting question-answer pairs from forums. Question-answer pairs extracted from forums can be used to help Question Answering services (e.g. Yahoo! Answers) among other applications....

  12. The Native Forum at the 2000 Sundance Film Festival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Christine

    2000-01-01

    This article describes films included in the Native Forum of the 2000 Sundance Film Festival. The forum was created to give Native filmmakers a chance to express a Native point of view, with the hope that such a forum will eventually become unnecessary. The article includes background information, plot summaries, comments, and contact information…

  13. Finding Question-Answer Pairs from Online Forums

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cong, Gao; Wang, Long; Lin, Chin-Yew

    2008-01-01

    Online forums contain a huge amount of valuable user generated content. In this paper we address the problem of extracting question-answer pairs from forums. Question-answer pairs extracted from forums can be used to help Question Answering services (e.g. Yahoo! Answers) among other applications...

  14. 76 FR 68828 - Pipeline Safety: Emergency Responder Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ... Administration [Docket ID PHMSA-2011-0295] Pipeline Safety: Emergency Responder Forum AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of Forum. SUMMARY: PHMSA is co-sponsoring a one-day Emergency Responder Forum with the National Association of Pipeline Safety...

  15. Eawag Forum Chriesbach - Detailed energy balance - Final report; Energie-Detailbilanz des Eawag Forum Chriesbach - Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guettinger, H.; Lichtensteiger, T.; Mauz, M. [Eidgenoessische Anstalt fuer Wasserversorgung, Abwasserreinigung und Gewaesserschutz, EAWAG, Duebendorf (Switzerland); Velsen, S. van [3-Plan Haustechnik AG, Winterthur (Switzerland); Lehmann, B.; Frank, T.; Dorer, V.; Beerle, D. [Eidgenoessische Materialpruefungs- und Forschungsanstalt, EMPA, Duebendorf (Switzerland)

    2009-06-15

    In June 2006 Eawag moved into its new headquarters, Forum Chriesbach. The building's external appearance is striking owing to the 1232 blue glass panels which clad the compact 6-storey rectangular structure. Eawag Forum Chriesbach houses 150 workplaces, a staff cafeteria, meeting and seminar rooms as well as the library of Eawag and Empa. It is an exemplary illustration of 'sustainable' construction design and is one of the best known buildings in Switzerland. It has been awarded several prizes and described in numerous national and international publications. The building is modern, functional, aesthetic, and uses a unique array of sources for heating, including the sun as well as waste heat from light sources, electric appliances and people. Cooling requirements are very low. Only electricity requirements and the embedded energy of construction materials are of significance. Approximately one third of the electricity required, namely 70 MWh/a, is produced by photovoltaic panels on the roof, and the rest is purchased as renewable electricity from the utilities under the label 'nature-made star'. During a two-year optimization period the building's control system was adjusted and know-how was transferred from planners and builders to owners and facility managers. From autumn 2007 Eawag, Empa and 3-Plan Haustechnik AG carried out temperature and energy measurements to determine the extent to which original planning assumptions and simulation forecasts corresponded to actual experience. Computer simulations with TRNSYS have revealed the relative contribution of individual building components to the overall energy balance and their sensitivity to external parameters. Temperatures during hot summer days have remained in comfortable ranges below 26 {sup o}C and have usually ranged between 20 and 23 {sup o}C in winter. Although heating and electricity requirements have exceeded predicted levels, at 5.7 kWh/m{sup 2} weighted energy reference

  16. Snake oil salesmen or purveyors of knowledge: off-label promotions and the commercial speech doctrine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagley, Constance E; Mitts, Joshua; Tinsley, Richard J

    2013-01-01

    The Second Circuit's December 2012 decision in United States v. Caronia striking down the prohibition on off-label marketing of pharmaceutical drugs has profound implications for economic regulation in general, calling into question the constitutionality of restrictions on the offer and sale of securities under the Securities Act of 1933, the solicitation of shareholder proxies and periodic reporting under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, mandatory labels on food, tobacco, and pesticides, and a wide range of privacy protections. In this Article we suggest that Caronia misconstrues the Supreme Court's holding in Sorrell v. IMS Health, which was motivated by concerns of favoring one industry participant over another rather than a desire to return to the anti-regulator fervor of the Lochner era. Reexamining the theoretical justification for limiting truthful commercial speech shows that a more nuanced approach to regulating off-label marketing with the purpose of promoting public health and safety would pass constitutional muster. We argue that as long as the government both has a rational basis for subjecting a particular industry to limits on commercial speech intended to further a legitimate public interest, rather than unfounded paternalism, and does not discriminate against disfavored industry participants, those limits should be subject to intermediate scrutiny under the Central Hudson standard. We believe that our articulation of the commercial speech doctrine post-Sorrell will help resolve the current split in the Circuits on the appropriate standard of review in cases involving both restrictions on commercial speech and mandated speech. Finally, we critique the FDA's 2011 Guidance for Responding to Unsolicited Requests for Off- Label Information (draft) and present a proposal for new rules for regulating the off-label marketing of pharmaceutical drugs based on transparency, the sophistication of the listener and the type of information offered, and the

  17. The compleat lawyer--medical law as practical reasoning: doctrine, empiricism, and engagement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, Jonathan

    2012-01-01

    Margot Brazier has modelled the relationship between legal scholarship and health care practice--an evidence-based approach to doing good in the real world through the application of the discipline of law. No ivory tower academic, but a good citizen. This paper explores the expression of her comprehensive contribution in an academic paper and a policy review. She has shown how law needs to take into account the realities of the clinic when considering the plausibility of various claims for the doctrine of informed consent. She has also demonstrated how discipline could be brought to bear on policy-making, where in the Surrogacy Review she prioritised empirical evidence over preconceptions: evidence-based policy not policy-based evidence as modern consultation documents too often elicit. Margot Brazier has also provided a role model for academic lawyers' contribution to the public good; not only through ensuring the proper administration of the law (as chair of the Animal Procedures Committee for the Home Office), but also in shaping a cathartic response to public concerns as Chair of the Retained Organ Commission. She did not set out to establish a grand theory of medical law, but rather has built an approach that has enriched its practice and has had a lasting impact on those working in the field. In her hands, law is a tool for improving the practice of health care. Efficient practice precedes the theory of it; methodologies presuppose the application of the methods, of the critical investigation of which they are the products. It was because Aristotle found himself and others reasoning now intelligently and now stupidly and it was because Izaak Walton found himself and others angling sometimes effectively and sometimes ineffectively that both were able to give their pupils the maxims and prescriptions of their arts.

  18. China South Asia Friendship Organizations’ Forum Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>The establishment of a non-governmental cooperative mechanism between China and the nations of South Asia was one of the most important fruits of the first ever"China South Asia Friendship Organizations’ Forum"held in Beijing October 28-30,2009.This is part of new strategic thinking for developing deeper relations between the various

  19. Authorship Analysis on Dark Marketplace Forums

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spitters, M.; Klaver, F.; Koot, G.; Staalduinen, M.V.

    2015-01-01

    Anonymity networks like Tor harbor many underground markets and discussion forums dedicated to the trade of illegal goods and services. As they are gaining in popularity, the analysis of their content and users is becoming increasingly urgent for many different parties, ranging from law enforcement

  20. Issues in California Community Colleges. Forum, 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petit, Susan, Ed.

    1986-01-01

    This issue of "Forum," a journal designed to provide a marketplace of ideas for California community college faculty, contains six articles on current educational concerns. First, "Seeking a Working Vision: Community Colleges and the Mission Statement," by Richard A. Garcia, argues that community colleges must put joint emphasis on vocational and…

  1. Literacy Program. National Issues Forums Special Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Issues Forums, Dayton, OH.

    In the spring of 1988, 33 representatives from 20 institutions or organizations sponsoring National Issues Forum (NIF) literacy programs attended a national conference in Washington, D.C. Throughout the conference, representatives from the organizations sponsoring NIF literacy programs made statements on the importance of NIF as a tool for…

  2. Asynchronous Learning Forums for Business Acculturation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pence, Christine Cope; Wulf, Catharina

    2009-01-01

    The use of IT as a facilitator for student collaboration in higher business education has grown rapidly since 2000. Asynchronous discussion forums are used abundantly for collaborative training purposes and for teaching students business-relevant tools for their future careers. This article presents an analysis of the asynchronous discussion forum…

  3. Space Radiation Program Element Tissue Sharing Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, H.; Mayeaux, B M.; Huff, J. L.; Simonsen, L. C.

    2016-01-01

    Over the years, a large number of animal experiments have been conducted at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory and other facilities under the support of the NASA Space Radiation Program Element (SRPE). Studies using rodents and other animal species to address the space radiation risks will remain a significant portion of the research portfolio of the Element. In order to maximize scientific return of the animal studies, the SRPE has recently released the Space Radiation Tissue Sharing Forum. The Forum provides access to an inventory of investigator-stored tissue samples and enables both NASA SRPE members and NASA-funded investigators to exchange information regarding stored and future radiobiological tissues available for sharing. Registered users may review online data of available tissues, inquire about tissues posted, or request tissues for an upcoming study using an online form. Investigators who have upcoming sacrifices are also encouraged to post the availability of samples using the discussion forum. A brief demo of the forum will be given during the presentation

  4. 2007 World Shoes Forum in Biejing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng Yuan

    2007-01-01

    @@ 2007 Beijing Forum on World Shoes Industry opened grandly on 9th October.It is approved by Ministry of Commerce,sponsored by Trade Development Bureau of Ministry of Commerce,Pengrun International Fashion Centre,organizing committee of China International Shoes Fair,and assisted by Leather Association of Shenzhen,management committee of China Western Shoes garden of Chengdu.

  5. Facilitating Learning Spaces in Forum Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rae, Jan

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the extent to which forum theatre interventions can support non-hierarchical approaches to learning, development and change management initiatives in organisations. Design/methodology/approach: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with theatre consultancies, actors/facilitators,…

  6. School PE through Internet Discussion Forums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauritsalo, Kirsti; Sääkslahti, Arja; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena

    2015-01-01

    Background: Physical education is a subject that generates strong feelings and emotions, as can be seen in written accounts of PE experiences. It is also important to listen to students' voices in the research context. Nowadays, students can be listened to in a new way--through the Internet. Various discussion forums on the Internet make it…

  7. ITU World Youth Forum visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    About 250 students selected by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) to participate in the 2009 Youth Forum made CERN a primary destination for this year’s World Youth Forum event. The 250 students participating in the 2009 Youth Forum attend a presentation in the Globe of Science and Innovation.On Tuesday 6 October, the group visited several sites including the Microcosm exhibition and the ATLAS cavern to get a glimpse of what CERN does and the exciting science that is studied here. Since 2001 and every three years, the ITU World Forum brings together young men and women, aged 18-23, to learn about new technologies and the world around them. This year’s group included participants from one hundred and twenty-five different countries. This was the first time that the event involved a visit to CERN. When asked why CERN was a destination, Pascal Biner, organizer of the visit for ITU, explained that CERN was a necessary stop given the Forum’s base in Gen...

  8. NGO Forum on Women, Beijing’95

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    The ten-day NGO Forum was held at over one-hundred meeting places in Huairou. a scenic suburb of Beijing. Over 30,000 participants from around the world gathered there and held more than 5,000 workshops, panels and sessions covering a variety of themes, including the econorny. governance and politics, legal rights, education, health, the environment science and technology.

  9. CERN Apps meet in a forum

    CERN Document Server

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2013-01-01

    In the fast-evolving world of mobile apps, creativity and usability are key words. For the time being, the number of CERN apps is quite limited but the situation could quickly change. An information-sharing forum set up by the IT Department is a starting point to channel your creativity with the help of experts, best practices and useful guidelines.   The CAPPS (CERN Apps) Forum was set up about a year ago. Its members come from various departments and meet every two or three months to update each other on the apps that are in preparation, share the latest news on the available software, discuss best practices and so on. “The Forum is open to anybody wanting to develop apps at CERN,” explains David Foster, Deputy Department Head and initiator of the CAPPS Forum. “Developers, communication experts and IT infrastructure experts meet and discuss various topics, from branding-related issues to coding and implementation solutions. The aim is to go forward in a coherent way...

  10. Industry Forum Navy Gold Coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-13

    Job Order Contracts (JOC) (Construction) •  Base Operation and Support (BOS) (Services) •  Multiple-Award Contracts (Construction...Scope of Work •  Narrow/Specialty Scope of Work Procurement strategy is determined by Market Research and Agency need. 8 NAVFAC Southwest...Special Notices publicized on solicitation websites. 16 NAVFAC Southwest Marketing Tips DO YOUR HOMEWORK! - Know your customers BEFORE you

  11. 78 FR 46351 - Trial Designs and Endpoints for Liver Disease Secondary to Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ... Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis; Public Workshop AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice of... nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. This workshop will provide a forum...

  12. OA34 Forum on end of life: working to influence policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGuinness, Catherine; Murphy, Sarah; Clarke, Patricia Rickard

    2015-04-01

    The Forum on End of Life in Ireland was launched in 2009 and has conducted a year-long public consultation about end of life issues. A National Council was set up to carry out the work of the Forum. Think Ahead is a public awareness initiative of the Forum on End of Life in Ireland which guides people in recording important information in the event that they are unable to speak for themselves, due to serious illness, emergency or death. The Forum has advocated for legislation of advance health care directives and has worked to raise awareness among members of the public in relation to their rights. Currently in Ireland while common law recognises people's right to express preferences and make directives, there has been no legislative framework for this, despite European and international law regarding personal autonomy and the right to self-determination. Organised briefings and information seminars for public representatives Organised public meetings and national conferences which deal with the importance of advance healthcare directives Spoke of the importance of advance healthcare directives and advance care planning as part of the Oireachtas (Irish Parliament) Health Committee hearings on end of life Called for wider national end of life strategy to take a comprehensive approach to end of life issues, including health, legal, administrative, financial and social. Advance healthcare directives are provided for in the Assisted Decision Making (Capacity) Bill 2013. The aforementioned Bill has yet to be enacted and there remains work to be done in developing policy in this area. © 2015, Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  13. Irregular Warfare and Future War: Strategy and Defense Planning; Strategic Insights, v. 10, Special issue (October 2011), 92-98. Topic: Global Trends and Future Warfare ; Part II: Technological and Doctrinal Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Russell, James A.

    2011-01-01

    This article appeared in Strategic Insights, v.10, Special issue (October 2011), 92-98. Topic: Global Trends and Future Warfare ; Part II: Technological and Doctrinal Innovation Approved for public display, distribution unlimited The purpose of this paper is threefold: to speculate on the role and prominence of irregular warfare in the strategic environment over the next quarter century, to comment on the impact that phenomenon may have on shaping the postulated scenarios addressed in t...

  14. The standards forum: Volume 6, Number 3 -- December 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    This issue contains the following articles: NIST--A call for a national standards strategy; Fourth integrated safety management lessons learned workshop; TSP [Technical Standards Program] publications support moves to headquarters; Comments on the role of the federal government in environmental technology development; Technical standards manager spotlight; Topical committee developments: Quality assurance topical committee plays an active role in the TSP, New DOE accreditation committee targets issues and resolutions at first annual meeting, DOE fire safety committee meeting in New Orleans, Third annual DOE metrology committee meeting coming in March 1999, The biota dose assessment committee providing a major forum and technical resource for DOE, and A performance-based management handbook in the works; DOE technical standards projects initiated; Recently published DOE documents; Non-government standards: American National Standards Institute and American Society for Testing and Materials; Most DOE comments on ISO 17025 upheld by ANSI review committee; and ISO 9000 compliance--Changes in the future.

  15. [Forum: health and indigenous peoples in Brazil. Introduction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, James R

    2014-04-01

    This Forum on Health and Indigenous Peoples in Brazil explores contemporary challenges to indigenous health and health politics in Brazil. The short collection of articles that follow are based on presentations, originally given at the Indigenous Health Working Group panel at the 10th Brazilian Public Health Conference in Rio Grande do Sul State, by professors Carlos E. A. Coimbra Jr. (Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz), Marina Denise Cardoso (Universidade Federal de São Carlos) and Eliana E. Diehl (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina) with Marcos A. Pellegrini (Universidade Federal de Roraima). In this short Introduction, I introduce these contributions, taking as a point of reference a local example of healthcare inequity derived from a presentation at the same panel by Paulo F. Supretaprã, indigenous community leader from Etênhiritipá village, Mato Grosso State.

  16. Forum Renascens (Los Bañales de Uncastillo, Zaragoza: Archaeology of Architecture of the Roman forum in the service of the dissemination through the Virtual Archaeology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Serrano Basterra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available An archaeological site concerning the remains of an ancient Roman city, developed mainly from 1st BC to III AD, in the area named "Los Bañales", is located at the south of the current town of Uncastillo (Zaragoza, Spain in Comarca de las Cinco Villas. From 2008 the archaeological site is been studied in a interdisciplinar research project leaded by Fundación Uncastillo under the autorizathion of Gobierno de Aragón. Last seasons of excavation have been focused in the forum, the ancient public square of the roman town, still in process of research. It was a quite small square but following all the requeriments of those type of buildings in Roman Achitecture. Using Blender software, a model of recreation of the forum is being done. The following paper presents a brief summary of the dossier of decissions concerning this recreation result, however, of the interdisciplinar cooperation between historians, archaeologists and architects.

  17. 论刑法规范的久置不用原理%Desuetude Doctrine of Criminal Legislation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡莎

    2015-01-01

    Criminal legislation unavoidably has the natural death problem which is obsolete, archaic, antiquated or out of date. Although law enforcement judicial authority can invoke the Desuetude Doctrine of Criminal Legislation to deal with this problem, which fits practical rationality, judicial necessity and constitutional proportional principle, this approach overtly supports judicial power to arrogate the legislative power, and it is also inconsistent with the basic ideas of criminal law, such as absolute authority of legislation, supreme sovereignty of legislative power, fair notice, equal protection, and so on. Therefore, there are primarily three solutions to deal with this problem legitimately:the legitimate constitutional review to the application of particular criminal legislation, legalizing the des-uetude doctrine and endless painful public debate freely.%刑法规范具有陈旧过时的自然死亡问题,虽然实践中司法机关根据刑法规范久置不用原理解决该问题具有现实合理性、司法必要性及符合宪法成比例性,但这是公开支持司法权僭越立法权,不符合立法机关绝对权威、最高主权、公平警告、平等保护等刑法基本理念.在理论上,解决废旧过时刑法规范问题,主要有三种合法的理想应对办法:对特定刑法规范适用进行合法的违宪审查、立法机关将久置不用原理制定法化、全体理性公民对废法议案进行长时间自由公开辩论.

  18. Development of a measure of college students' adherence to religious doctrine concerning sexual behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Victor, Elizabeth C; Bowman, Hilary; Thompson, Robert J

    2015-01-01

    The authors developed a 14-item measure of adherence to religious doctrine concerning sexual behavior (ARDSB). The ARDSB psychometric properties were investigated to better understand religious motivations associated with changes in sexual behavior that may provide support for sexual health promotion and prevention programs. Four hundred eighty-three undergraduates aged 18 to 26. Data were collected from an online survey during the 2012-2013 academic school year. Principle components factor analysis identified 2 factors: reasons to break religious doctrine and reasons to adhere to religious doctrine concerning sexual behavior. The subscales had good internal consistency. Correlations, t tests, and analyses of variance of the subscales with measures of intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity and self-reported sexual behavior and risk provide support for concurrent validity. The ARDSB could be employed as a measure to better understand sexual behavior; it is inexpensive and relatively easy to employ in both research and campus ministry settings.

  19. Sources of information and behavioral patterns in online health forums: observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudau, Fabian; Friede, Tim; Grabowski, Jens; Koschack, Janka; Makedonski, Philip; Himmel, Wolfgang

    2014-01-14

    Increasing numbers of patients are raising their voice in online forums. This shift is welcome as an act of patient autonomy, reflected in the term "expert patient". At the same time, there is considerable concern that patients can be easily misguided by pseudoscientific research and debate. Little is known about the sources of information used in health-related online forums, how users apply this information, and how they behave in such forums. The intent of the study was to identify (1) the sources of information used in online health-related forums, and (2) the roles and behavior of active forum visitors in introducing and disseminating this information. This observational study used the largest German multiple sclerosis (MS) online forum as a database, analyzing the user debate about the recently proposed and controversial Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency (CCSVI) hypothesis. After extracting all posts and then filtering relevant CCSVI posts between 01 January 2008 and 17 August 2012, we first identified hyperlinks to scientific publications and other information sources used or referenced in the posts. Employing k-means clustering, we then analyzed the users' preference for sources of information and their general posting habits. Of 139,912 posts from 11,997 threads, 8628 posts discussed or at least mentioned CCSVI. We detected hyperlinks pointing to CCSVI-related scientific publications in 31 posts. In contrast, 2829 different URLs were posted to the forum, most frequently referring to social media, such as YouTube or Facebook. We identified a total of 6 different roles of hyperlink posters including Social Media Fans, Organization Followers, and Balanced Source Users. Apart from the large and nonspecific residual category of the "average user", several specific behavior patterns were identified, such as the small but relevant groups of CCSVI-Focused Responders or CCSVI Activators. The bulk of the observed contributions were not based on scientific

  20. Addressing the socioeconomic determinants of adolescent health: experiences from the WHO/HBSC Forum 2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koller, Theadora; Morgan, Antony; Guerreiro, Ana; Currie, Candace; Ziglio, Erio

    2009-09-01

    Over the past 25 years, the WHO collaborative cross-national Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study has been accumulating evidence that provides insights into how to promote the health and well-being of young people. HBSC has increased understanding of the determinants of young people's health, particularly in relation to the social contexts in which they live, learn and play. The study now spans 43 countries and regions in Europe and North America. HBSC provides intelligence for the development and evaluation of public health policy and practice at national, sub-national and international levels. However, the mere existence of evidence does not automatically change policy nor necessarily improve the lives of young people. Effective mechanisms to ensure use of evidence in policy-making and practice are needed. The WHO/HBSC Forum series is a platform designed to facilitate the translation of evidence into action. Forum processes convene researchers, policy-makers and practitioners from across Europe to analyse data, review policies and interventions, and identify lessons learned to improve the health of adolescents through actions that address the social contexts that influence their health. Each Forum process consists of case studies produced by interdisciplinary teams in countries and regions, cross-country evidence reviews, a European consultation, an outcomes statement within a final publication, and a Web-based knowledge platform. In addition to emphasizing the translation of research into action, the Forum series focuses on increasing know-how to scale up intersectoral policies and interventions; reduce health inequities; and involve young people in the design, implementation and evaluation of policies and interventions. Interviews with selected participants in the 2007 Forum process revealed that national-level impacts of involvement were: brokering new or strengthening existing working relationships among members of case study drafting teams

  1. The impact of cultural diversity forum on students' openness to diversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanner, Susan; Baldwin, Dee; Cannella, Kathleen A S; Charles, Jennell; Parker, Lillian

    2010-01-01

    As the population demographics for the United States (U.S.) shift towards increasing diversity, it is essential that nurses provide culturally competent care. Cultural sensitivity has been identified as a major curricular element in the American Association of Colleges of Nursing's (AACN) The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice. Thus it is imperative that nursing faculty use effective strategies to help nursing students develop cultural sensitivity and competence. Educational workshops focusing on cultural diversity are usually designed to increase people's cultural sensitivity. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a cultural diversity forum on nursing students' cultural sensitivity as measured by their openness to diversity. A convenience sample of students was recruited from a public university in the southeastern United States. The workshop was designed as a forum that combined a keynote presentation, shared meal, and a small group interactional activity. Cultural sensitivity was measured using the Openness to Diversity/Challenge Scale (ODCS), and was administered to students before and after the forum. A convenience sample of 47 students agreed to participate and completed both the pretest and posttest. Following the workshop, the students had more cultural sensitivity as measured by their scores on the ODCS (Wilcoxin Signed-Rank test z= -3.286, p = 0.001). The findings suggested that an educational format like the cultural diversity forum can promote students' cultural sensitivity. Further research needs to continue to focus on the effectiveness of strategies to increase the cultural sensitivity of baccalaureate nursing students.

  2. Inauguration du C/R Forum (Belgique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Le 16 février dernier, la Vlaamse beroepsvereniging Conservatie en Restauratie Forum (C/R Forum a été constituée à l'initiative de 18 personnes du milieu de la conservation/restauration et du secteur de la protection du patrimoine. Etant donné que la conservation et la gestion du patrimoine culturel mobilier et immobilier de même que la formation et la recherche relèvent des communautés et des régions, la nécessité est apparue depuis un certain temps de créer une organisation Flamande au sei...

  3. Forum Engelberg, 1-4 March 2004

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    The 2004 Forum Engelberg will pay tribute to its President, Hubert Curien, a former President of the CERN Council and former French Minister for Research. The subject of this year's conference, which will take place in Lucerne from 1st to 4th March 2004, is "Science on the Agenda of European Politics." This year, there will be talks by numerous speakers, including the directors of the seven European intergovernmental scientific organisations (EIROforum) and the European Commissioner for Research, Philippe Busquin. The highlights of the conference will include an Interdisciplinary Scientific Programme on 2nd and 3rd March, a session on e-science and the Grid on 4th March and a Young Scientists Programme. The programme and registration forms are available at http://www.forum-engelberg.org/

  4. The national forum on climate change

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Averill, N. [National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

    1998-09-01

    The mandate of the National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy (NRTEE) is to identify, explain and promote the principles and practices of sustainable development at the national level. In early 1998, NRTEE held a national forum on climate change at which the potential impacts of climate change on Canada were discussed and the most appropriate response for Canada was debated. Many scientists agree that the buildup of human-generated greenhouse gases in the atmosphere could have disastrous impacts on weather patterns, ecosystems and economic activity worldwide. At the Kyoto conference, all developed countries, including Canada, agreed to set targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The NRTEE forum provided an opportunity to discuss the general approaches that Canada can take to deal with climate change and at what cost. The choices and trade-offs that Canadians will face were also discussed.

  5. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President, Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996 - is pictured here. Photo 01: Hubert Curien in front of the first half of the CMS detector's barrel hadronic calorimeter (HCAL). The barrel HCAL is a cylindrical structure which will surround the collision region and measure the energy of quarks and jets emerging at large angles relative to the beam direction. Photo 02: Hubert Curien (left) with Bernard Ecoffey, Founder of the Forum Engelberg, in front of the first half of the CMS detector's barrel hadronic calorimeter.

  6. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996. He is pictured here (centre) with (left to right) Raymond Battistella, Director-General of SIG, Geneva's utilities provider; Michel Della Negra; Marie-Anne Heimo; Jean-Claude Landry; and Bernard Ecoffey, Founder of the Forum Engelberg, in front of the CMS detector under construction. Visible are three of the five concentric rings forming the barrel yoke which returns the magnetic flux generated by the superconducting coil.

  7. The “Essential Practice of Religion” Doctrine in India and its application in Pakistan and Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Rita Scotti

    2016-02-01

    Therefore, the present essay discusses the interpretation of constitutional provisions by the Supreme Court of India in order to introduce the essential elements doctrine as well as its application by the Pakistani and Malaysian Courts with the aim to asses, relying on the theory of cross-fertilization, whether they merely imported the doctrine or adapted it to the national contexts

  8. Barriers and facilitators to staying in work after stroke: insight from an online forum

    OpenAIRE

    Balasooriya-Smeekens, Chantal; Bateman, Andrew; Mant, Jonathan; De Simoni, Anna

    2016-01-01

    This is the author accepted manuscript. It is currently under an indefinite embargo pending publication by BMJ Publishing. Objective: To explore barriers and facilitators to staying in work following stroke. Design: Qualitative analysis of posts regarding staying in work following stroke using the archives of an online forum for stroke survivors. Participants: 60 stroke survivors (29M, 23F, 8 not stated; mean age at stroke 44y) who have returned to work, identified using ter...

  9. Legal instruments for an optimal utilization of information and technology under the Intellectual Property Regime : A Study on the Implication of the Creator and Inventor Doctrine for the Utilization of Intellectual Products through Technology Transfer for the Greatest Benefit of People in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haq, L.M.H.

    2011-01-01

    Evaluating the consequences of the existing creator and inventor doctrine on access to information and technology (IT), this dissertation investigates the ways to find, particularly in Indonesia, the most adequate legal protection that may bridge public interest and private interest in this respect.

  10. Online Gaming as a Virtual Forum

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Due to concerns over its perceived ills, especially to children, most social science research on video gaming has focused on behavioral effects and content analysis. Meanwhile, surprisingly little qualitative research has been conducted on the social aspects of videogame culture. In their article, "Television as a Cultural Forum," Horace Newcomb and Paul Hirsch argue that television raises more questions than its narratives’ conclusions answer. In doing so, television becomes a cultural site ...

  11. China-Pakistan Young Scientist Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The China-Pakistan Young Scientist Forum, cosponsored by the CPAFFC and the China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), was held at the China International Conference Center for Science and Technology on April 17. Feng Zuoku, Vice President of the CPAFFC, Xu Yanhao, a member of the CAST Secretariat, and Zahoor Ahmed, Charge d’Affaires of the Pakistani Embassy in China, addressed the opening ceremony.

  12. The fourth China Bioanalysis Forum Annual Meeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Daniel; Zhong, Dafang; Dong, Kelly

    2017-01-01

    The fourth China Bioanalysis Forum annual conference, co-organized with the Nanjing International Drug Metabolism Conference, was successfully held in Nanjing, China, between 24-26 June 2016. The theme of the conference was 'how to conduct regulated bioanalysis under China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) regulations'. In addition, several hot topics including bioanalytical challenges, solutions for biomarkers, antidrug antibody (antibody-drug conjugates) and biologics were discussed. This Conference Report summarizes the major discussion topics from the conference.

  13. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996. This series of photos was taken during a speech he made as part of a visit to CERN.

  14. Public-Private Leadership Forum; 21st Century Power Partnership

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-05-14

    The PPLF convenes stakeholders from across the power sector, spanning electricity supply, delivery, and end-use, and plays a key role in guiding the strategic direction of the Power Partnership. In addition, PPLF members support the implementation of activities set out in the Power Partnership Program of Work. Taken together, the activities of the PPLF span the dynamic landscape of power challenges and opportunities, with a focus on business models, ?nancial tools, and regulatory frameworks.

  15. Trails at LANL - Public Meeting and Forum - July 26, 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pava, Daniel Seth [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-07-26

    These are the slides of a meeting about trails at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The meeting goals are the folllowing: to inform and educate citizens about LANL trails management issues that include resource protection, safety, security and trails etiquette; to explain how and why LANL trails can be closed and reopened; and to understand your concerns and ideas about LANL trails use.

  16. The Metabolism and Growth of Web Forums

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, Lingfei; Zhao, Min

    2013-01-01

    We view web forums as virtual living organisms feeding on user's attention and investigate how these organisms grow at the expense of collective attention. We find that the "body mass" ($PV$) and "energy consumption" ($UV$) of the studied forums exhibits the allometric growth property, i.e., $PV_t \\sim UV_t ^ \\theta$. This implies that within a forum, the network transporting attention flow between threads has a structure invariant of time, despite of the continuously changing of the nodes (threads) and edges (clickstreams). The observed time-invariant topology allows us to explain the dynamics of networks by the behavior of threads. In particular, we describe the clickstream dissipation on threads using the function $D_i \\sim T_i ^ \\gamma$, in which $T_i$ is the clickstreams to node $i$ and $D_i$ is the clickstream dissipated from $i$. It turns out that $\\gamma$, an indicator for dissipation efficiency, is negatively correlated with $\\theta$ and $1/\\gamma$ sets the lower boundary for $\\theta$. Our findings h...

  17. 2nd Developers@CERN Forum

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    Are you a Python guru or would you like to learn?   The Developers@CERN Forum is an event by developers, for developers, aimed at promoting knowledge and experience sharing. This edition will take place at the IT Amphitheatre, on the 30th and 31st of May afternoons. It will consist of a series of short presentations and workshops. The topic for this conference will be Python at CERN: language, frameworks and tools. Have you got an idea for a presentation or workshop? Then, tell us about it (deadline on 9th of May). Registration will open in early May. Please subscribe to developers-forum-announce@cern.ch mailing list for further information. This event will be made by developers for developers. We are counting on your presence, but also on your contributions! To learn more about the initiative, read the CERN Bulletin article. Organization You can get in touch us at developers-forum-organizers@cern.ch.

  18. Studies in Teaching 1999 Research Digest. Research Projects Presented at Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, December 1999).

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

    This publication presents a collection of research projects presented at the Annual Research Forum at Wake Forest University: "The Use of Group Work as an Effective Teaching Technique in Lower Level Spanish Classes" (James Blackburn); "What Are the Real Factors behind Student Motivation?" (Matthew Grey Burdick); "Can…

  19. Streamlining cooperation between public authorities and civil society : Exclusive Baltinfo interview with Arnold Rüütel, president of Estonia and patron of the IV Baltic Sea NGO Forum in Pärnu 16-17 April / Arnold Rüütel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüütel, Arnold

    2004-01-01

    Intervjuu mittetulundusühingute seminari "IV BALTIC SEA NGO FORUM" patrooni Arnold Rüütliga kodanikeühenduste ja avaliku sektori koostööst, ühiskondlikust lepingust, 2002. aastal Riigikogus vastu võetud Eesti kodanikuühiskonna arengu kontseptsioonist

  20. A Description of What Charles Sanders Peirce Meant by Truth and an Application of His Doctrine of Truth to Rhetorical Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmis, John H., III

    This paper investigated the doctrine of truth of the pragmatic philosopher C.S. Peirce. The ontological and epistemological bases of the doctrine are described, and the status of truth, reality, investigation, and belief are drawn from these bases. The results indicate that Peirce's doctrine could be productively related to rhetorical theory,…

  1. A Semantics-Based Information Distribution Framework for Large Web-Based Course Forum System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chim, Hung; Deng, Xiaotie

    2008-01-01

    We propose a novel data distribution framework for developing a large Web-based course forum system. In the distributed architectural design, each forum server is fully equipped with the ability to support some course forums independently. The forum servers collaborating with each other constitute the whole forum system. Therefore, the workload of…

  2. Chinese-Mongolian Business Forum Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ On November 23, 2006, Chinese-Mongolian Business Forum was held in Beijing Presidential Plaza. H.E.Miyegombo Enkhbold, Prime Minister of Mongolia,Zhang Wei, Vice Chairman of CCPIT, S. Demberel, Chairman of the Mongolian National Chamber of Commerce and Industry, attended the forum.. Over 80 representatives of Mongolian companies attended the meeting, to find cooperation opportunities with Chinese counterparts. During the forum, Chinese and Mongolian companies signed cooperation contracts.

  3. Forum Theater’s potential as a Research Tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Calsamiglia Madurga

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We present a theoretical and epistemological reflection on Forum Theater’s potential as a Research Tool. Our presence on social action and research has led us to a double reflection on qualitative research’s limitations on the affect studies and the Forum Theater’s potential as a research tool to tackle research about affects. After some specific experiences in action research (qualitative research on romantic love and gender violence, and the creation process of the Forum Theater “Is it a joke?”, we explore Forum Theatre’s possibilities as a research tool in the feminist epistemology framework.

  4. Bridging the Chasm: A Comparison of the Army’s 1997 and 2012 Doctrinal Planning Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-04

    addition, the Decision Support Template (DST) and accompanying Decision Support Matrix ( DSM ) received renewed emphasis. An examination of the doctrinal... v Introduction...Officer Course COA Course of Action COL Colonel COIN Counterinsurgency DP Decision Point DSM Decision Support Matrix DST Decision Support Template

  5. Applying Counterinsurgency Theory to Air Base Defense: A New Doctrinal Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-09-01

    its main responsibility is to engage and defeat forces attacking bases. The TCF 52 David Briar , “Sharpening the Eagle’s Talons: Assessing Air Base...and Simmons, 23. 63 Briar , “Assessing Air Base Defense” 25 defense doctrine is tied to

  6. How Do Facts Speak for Themselves? The Doctrine and Practice of Classical Empiricism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Chaim, Michael

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the results of a study concerning the relationship between agent, author, and matters of fact in the doctrine and practice of classical empiricism in the late 17th century. States that the historical study of empiricism provides a critical perspective on positivism and on social constructivism. (PA)

  7. Assessing the consistency of John Calvin’s doctrine on human sinfulness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nico Vorster

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The accusation is often levelled at Calvin that his doctrine on sin is inconsistent, contradictory, deterministic and culpable of making God the Author of sin. This article probes the validity of these accusations by analysing the consistency of John Calvin’s doctrine on human sinfulness and by asking whether Calvin’s understanding of sinful human nature is theologically valid. In doing so, the investigation keeps in mind the structural make-up of his theology, the rhetorical intent of his utterances and the devices he employs to harmonise possible inconsistencies in his theology. The finding is that characterisations of Calvin’s doctrine on sin as deterministic, logically inconsistent and culpable of making God the Author of sin are not well-founded. Factors often overlooked are the dialectical nature of his theological reflection on sin, the chronological evolution of his thought on sin and the fact that he does not regard God and human beings as operating on the same ontological level, though this does not mean that God is not active in creaturely reality. When these factors are taken into account, Calvin’s doctrine on sin proves to be fairly consistent and reconcilable with the rest of his theology.

  8. Is Current US Counterinsurgency Doctrine Applicable to Lebanese Hizballah and the Taliban?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-11

    with the populace and the insurgent’s ability to subvert security forces targeting the insurgent. Ernesto “Che” Guevara was born into a middle...Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2005. Guevara , Ernesto . Che Guevara Guerrilla Warfare. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources Inc...Symposium Guides US COIN Doctrine ........................... 18 Che Guevara Proposes Expansion of Revolution in Western Hemisphere

  9. Niels Bohr as philosopher of experiment: Does decoherence theory challenge Bohr's doctrine of classical concepts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camilleri, Kristian; Schlosshauer, Maximilian

    2015-02-01

    Niels Bohr's doctrine of the primacy of "classical concepts" is arguably his most criticized and misunderstood view. We present a new, careful historical analysis that makes clear that Bohr's doctrine was primarily an epistemological thesis, derived from his understanding of the functional role of experiment. A hitherto largely overlooked disagreement between Bohr and Heisenberg about the movability of the "cut" between measuring apparatus and observed quantum system supports the view that, for Bohr, such a cut did not originate in dynamical (ontological) considerations, but rather in functional (epistemological) considerations. As such, both the motivation and the target of Bohr's doctrine of classical concepts are of a fundamentally different nature than what is understood as the dynamical problem of the quantum-to-classical transition. Our analysis suggests that, contrary to claims often found in the literature, Bohr's doctrine is not, and cannot be, at odds with proposed solutions to the dynamical problem of the quantum-classical transition that were pursued by several of Bohr's followers and culminated in the development of decoherence theory.

  10. Delictual Negligence of Educators in Schools: The Confusing Influence of the "in loco parentis" Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potgieter, Johan

    2004-01-01

    This article points out that the "in loco parentis" maxim is partly to blame for introducing the confusing "reasonable parent" doctrine as the test for delictual negligence of educators in the school context. It is argued that the standard of care exercised by parents over their children is not appropriate to determine the negligence of educators.…

  11. The Global-Market Doctrine: A Study in Fundamentalist Theology. The Iconoclast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMurty, John

    1997-01-01

    Presents an interesting metaphorical critique of the current enthusiasm for the global market and the free market system. Delineates 10 defining principles of a fundamentalist theological doctrine and then suggests replacing the term "global market" with "Supreme Ruler." Criticizes free market capitalism as being occasionally…

  12. Mission Command: Reconciling the ARFORGEN Model with Training Doctrine and the Current Operating Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-18

    mentor, Dr. John Gordon, played an integral role in the development of my topic and demonstrated great patience as I plodded through the writing...the Yom Kippur War, Generals William DePuy and Donn Starry initiated a transformation toward a mission command centered doctrine, AirLand Battle. In

  13. The Reactions and Attitudes Displayed by Air Force Officers to the Combat Support Doctrine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    II, Korea, and the Vietnam conflict. SOS then 4- reviews AFM 1-1 in a one hour seminar in preparation for a 4war game exercise. The exercise lasts...mission and duty, not just to their "job." Students should review AFM 1-1, and be introduced to AFM 1-10, during the first quarter. Doctrine should be

  14. Contractors on Deployed Military Operations: United Kingdom Policy and Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-09-01

    defense outsourcing statistics indicates that the MoD most closely matches DoD trends. As Figure 1 shows, the number of UK MoD “ public private partnerships ” (PPP...International Statistics on Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in Defense. with the premise that “there are no military core competencies, and that all...and scope of MoD’s “ public private partnerships ” program. The second analyses the premises underpinning the “government orthodoxy” and the

  15. NASA's Planetary Science E/PO Forum: Reflections on Five Years of Effort to Support an E/PO Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shipp, S. S.; Shebby, S.; Buxner, S.; Boonstra, D.; Cobabe-Ammann, E. A.; Cobb, W. H.; Dalton, H.; Grier, J.; Klug Boonstra, S. L.; LaConte, K.; Ristvey, J.; Shupla, C. B.; Weeks, S.; Wessen, A. S.; Zimmerman-Brachman, R.

    2014-12-01

    Over the past decade, NASA's Science Mission Directorate (SMD) has funded four education and public outreach (E/PO) forums, aligned with each of its science divisions, including Astrophysics, Earth Science, Heliophysics, and Planetary Science. Together, these forums help organize individual division E/PO programs into a coordinated, effective, efficient, nationwide effort that shares the scientific discoveries of NASA across a broad array of audiences. In the past four-and-a-half years, the Planetary Science Division's Forum - in collaboration with the other three Forums - has worked to support its community of education professionals and scientists involved in E/PO to communicate, collaborate, and strengthen their efforts. The Forum's work encompasses identification of best practices based on educational research, increasing understanding of needs through audience-based working groups, the development of strategic collaborations and partnerships to increase programmatic reach, and the creation of strategic resources to support community members in their E/PO work (e.g., an online workspace for the community to communicate, collaborate, and share practices; recommendations to scientists for increasing impact in educational settings; a one-stop shop for NASA SMD classroom and informal education products, http://nasawavelength.org). Drawing on evaluation data, the presentation will explore what resources and support mechanisms are valued by the community, ways the community uses the available resources, and the outcomes of the effort to date.

  16. 77 FR 6786 - U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-09

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public..., Notice of public comment. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of a public meeting of the U.S. Coral Reef Task.... Coral Reef Task Force, provides a forum for coordinated planning and action among federal agencies...

  17. 76 FR 52318 - U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-22

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public..., Notice of public comment. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of a public meeting of the U.S. Coral Reef Task... the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force, provides a forum for coordinated planning and action among federal...

  18. Proceedings of the 2. Annual Agri-Food Innovation Forum held in conjunction with the World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology and Bioprocessing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    The Agri-Food Innovation Forum was attended by leaders in innovation for agriculture and forestry and its impact on bioproduct development. The presentations addressed issues of interest to public and private sector scientists, researchers, agricultural and forestry producers as well as business innovators who focus on the agriculture and forestry sectors as suppliers of raw materials for value added products. The forum provided an opportunity to network and interact with key leaders in biotechnology. The forum highlighted the following recent contributions by Canadians to agricultural innovation: producing cellulose ethanol from agricultural wastes; optimizing oil seed potential for industrial applications; producing biogas from manures; the auto industry's interest in biomaterials; and, fibres and polymers from lignocellulosic sources. The forum featured 7 presentations, of which 2 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. refs., tabs., figs.

  19. Open Declaration of Legal Supervision Doctrine%论检察机关法律监督公开宣告制度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高一飞; 丁海龙

    2014-01-01

    Open Declaration of Legal Supervision Doctrine requires prosecutors to announce the results and conclusions of supervisory work to the supervisory objects and other interested parties. Furthermore, such open declarations must be held in a certain place (such as an open court) and in an open and transparent manner. As a newborn disclosure doctrine, Open Declaration of Legal Supervision Doctrine of which enforcement in practice is nonstandard needs to be regulated. Its applicative scope, dilatants, participants and declaring places should be specified and unified. The scope of the legal document to public should be the summative decision and the publicity of which does not affect and obstruct law enforcement instruments. The subject of declaration is the responsible person to make a decision; participants should include people interested in connection with the case, the people's supervisor and the general public. The place shall be similar to the people's court for public announcement and can be named "legal supervision proclaiming room”. In the meantime, to make better use of this doctrine and with the hope to make a Chinese-characterized Open Declaration of Legal Supervision Doctrine, matters of standardization construction of declaring place, the media engagement, post-declaration answering questions procedure ought to be improved.%法律监督公开宣告制度是指检察人员在类似于法庭一样的特定场所,向法律监督相对方或其他利益相关方,以公开、透明的方式宣告法律监督的工作结果、结论。作为一项新生的公开制度,在实践中存在规定不一的情况,为此,需要从适用范围、宣告主体和地点选择进行规范。适用范围上应当是具有终结性决定,对其公开不会影响和妨碍执法的文书;宣告的主体应当是作出决定的办案负责人;参加人员应当包括与案件有关的利害关系人、人民监督员和普通民众;地点应当选择类似

  20. 78 FR 25079 - Forum on Environmental Measurements Announcement of Competency Policy for Assistance Agreements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-29

    ... AGENCY Forum on Environmental Measurements Announcement of Competency Policy for Assistance Agreements... Agreements. SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency's Forum on Environmental Measurements (FEM) is... and Technology Policy Council) established the Forum on Environmental Measurements (FEM) as a standing...

  1. Children Are Listening: Conversations for Their Future. Proceedings of the Statewide Forums on Child Care (Scottsdale, Prescott, Phoenix, and Tucson, Arizona, September and October 1996).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohlmann, Paulette

    Child care is an issue of profound significance for children and society, but it is faced with many unresolved difficulties. Children's Action Alliance in Arizona held a series of public forums around the state to give people a wider view of the child care dilemma and to provide a public hearing for those most affected by child care difficulties.…

  2. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Pictured here in front of String 2 - the full-scale test facility for LHC sytems - are (left to right) H. Wenninger, Mme M. Quirina, Mme Marie-Anne Heimo, N. Siegel, Mme Konrade Von Bremen, Prof. Roger Berthouzoz, Mme Thérèse Wolf, Prof. Dr. Med. Bernard Mach and M. Alexander Höchli.

  3. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996. Photo 01: Jean-Claude Landry, Department of the Interior, Agriculture and Environment, state of Geneva (right) in discussion with Peter Jenni, spokesperson for the ATLAS collaboration.

  4. Forum of Mathematics for Industry 2013

    CERN Document Server

    Anderssen, Robert; Cheng, Jin; Fukumoto, Yasuhide; McKibbin, Robert; Polthier, Konrad; Takagi, Tsuyoshi; Toh, Kim-Chuan

    2014-01-01

    This book is a collection of papers presented at the Forum “The Impact of Applications on Mathematics” in October 2013. It describes an appropriate framework in which to highlight how real-world problems, over the centuries and today, have influenced and are influencing the development of mathematics and, thereby, how mathematics is reshaped, in order to advance mathematics and its application. The contents of this book address productive and successful interaction between industry and mathematicians, as well as the cross-fertilization and collaboration that result when mathematics is involved with the advancement of science and technology.

  5. American Telemedicine Association 2012 Fall Forum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Forstag

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The ATA 2012 Fall Forum will follow a similar format to our highly-rated 2011 program, which was filled with unique ideas in an innovative format. We are looking for short talks, two-person dialogues, and demonstrations or other inventive presentation formats on a wide range of telemedicine subject areas. Topics might include: a unique approach to delivering telehealth services; a new and better device; a successful way of introducing telemedicine to providers or consumers; a novel way to organize and fund a program; or a fresh look at overcoming a barrier.

  6. Sixth Meeting of China-Spain Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The sixth meeting of the China- Spain Forum (CSF) was held in the World Trade Center in Barcelona from July 5 to 6, 2011. Uyunqimg, Vice Chairperson of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress and Chairperson of the CSF Chinese Committee, headed the Chinese delegation; Trinidad Jimenez, Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation; Miguel Sebastian Gascon, Spanish Minister of Industry, Trade and Tourism; and Pedro Solbes, Chairman of the CSF Spanish Committee, were among the 350 participants.

  7. Global Vaccine and Immunization Research Forum: Opportunities and challenges in vaccine discovery, development, and delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Andrew Q; Touchette, Nancy; Hall, B Fenton; Hwang, Angela; Hombach, Joachim

    2016-03-18

    The World Health Organization, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation convened the first Global Vaccine and Immunization Research Forum (GVIRF) in March 2014. This first GVIRF aimed to track recent progress of the Global Vaccine Action Plan research and development agenda, identify opportunities and challenges, promote partnerships in vaccine research, and facilitate the inclusion of all stakeholders in vaccine research and development. Leading scientists, vaccine developers, and public health officials from around the world discussed scientific and technical challenges in vaccine development, research to improve the impact of immunization, and regulatory issues. This report summarizes the discussions and conclusions from the forum participants.

  8. Cognitive Theories of Depression in Online Peer Support Forums: Exploring the Cognitive Triad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naomi Pierce

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores peer communication in an online support forum for depression, through displays of Beck’s cognitive triad. Theoretical semantic thematic analysis of the textual conversations of forum users generated preliminary information on the internet as a platform for the manifestation of depressive symptoms. The study consisted of a two-phase approach. Phase one looked for demonstration of the cognitive triad in user conversations. Phase two analysed how users depicted and responded to peer cognitive distortions, and will form a separate publication. Findings suggest that the cognitive triad is evident in the online textual communication of peer support group members. The practical applications and limitations of the research are discussed in terms of recommendations for future work.

  9. The future of imaging screening: proceedings of the Fourth Annual ACR FORUM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillman, Bruce J; Amis, E Stephen; Weinreb, Jeffrey C; Neiman, Harvey L

    2005-01-01

    The FORUM is an ACR planning activity focused on a specific topic deemed to be of long-range importance to the college. A select panel of multidisciplinary experts met in 2004 to consider the ramifications of imaging screening from diverse perspectives. Considerations included the nature of screening for disease, its technological issues, and biases associated with the perceived success of screening; potential technologies and target diseases; business and economics; insurance coverage; ethics and the law; how imaging screening could be paired with nonimaging screening; and how the lay public perceives screening. The FORUM participants considered how imaging screening might develop over the next 5 to 10 years and made recommendations to the ACR on actions it might take to benefit both the specialty and patients.

  10. The Term of Subjective Right in the Romanian Public Law Doctrine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Cernat

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The coming into effect as of the end of 2004 of new regulations in the field of administrative contentious represented the introduction of a new approach over such institution (a genuine modification of the "text philosophy", as expressed by the law's initiator; however, in the same time this moment also generated some - we might say - virulent criticism. The said criticism mainly referred to the somehow "revolutionary" solution used by the organic law giver, namely of introducing in the legal regulations an article comprising juridical definitions of various terms used throughout the law. In the present study, we shall attempt to shape one of the law's key terms, which is the subjective right term; a future research is to further detail a term closely connected to such, which is the notion of legal interest. Aware of the difficulty of our pursuit herein, given the vivid debates arising in time in most law areas between the two terms (hence exceeding the limits of administrative law, we shall limit our attempt to describing the juridical views regarding such, without claiming to draw out a definition exceeding any criticism. To the possible extent, we shall seek for answers to various questions arising herein.

  11. South Africa and the Human Right to Water: Equity, Ecology and the Public Trust Doctrine

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    David Takacs

    2016-01-01

    ...: "Everyone has the right to have access to sufficient food and water." In this paper, I analyze South Africa's revolutionary legal vision for marrying social equity to ecology in fulfilling the right to water...

  12. Historical Doctrinal Publications of the U.S. Army; a Union List

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-02-01

    Fortifications TR 5-20H 1 Jul 44 Camouflage Materials and Manufacturing Techniques TR 5-21 23 Dec 58 Camouflage of Fixed Installations AS, TR 7 Oct 42...02R Skill Level 4 TR 12-02T 18 Jan 79 Guitar Player M0S 02T Skill Levels 1, 2, & 3 TR 12-02Z5 3 Mar 78 Enlisted Band Leader MOS 02Z Skill Level 5 TR

  13. Enduring Documents and Public Doctrines: Martin Luther King's "Letter from Birmingham Jail" after Forty Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aeschliman, M. D.

    2005-01-01

    In the century just past, the immense ethical and political destructiveness of intellectuals was so frequent and protean in form that intellectual historians have a story as complex as it is tragic to tell, and one that many of them do not relish, perhaps out of occupational solidarity or shame. The "treason of the intellectuals," to use…

  14. Enduring Documents and Public Doctrines: Martin Luther King's "Letter from Birmingham Jail" after Forty Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aeschliman, M. D.

    2005-01-01

    In the century just past, the immense ethical and political destructiveness of intellectuals was so frequent and protean in form that intellectual historians have a story as complex as it is tragic to tell, and one that many of them do not relish, perhaps out of occupational solidarity or shame. The "treason of the intellectuals," to use Julien…

  15. Bilski: assessing the impact of a newly invigorated patent-eligibility doctrine on the pharmaceutical industry and the future of personalized medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holman, Christopher M

    2010-01-01

    The patent-eligibility doctrine serves a gatekeeper role in excluding from patent protection natural phenomena, principles of nature, abstract ideas, and mental processes. Beginning around 1980, the U.S. patent system embarked upon a pronounced expansion in its definition of patent-eligible subject matter, particularly with respect to software and business method inventions, but also in the life sciences. In recent years, however, we have seen a backlash, with many critics from the public and private sectors arguing that the threshold for patent-eligibility needs to be raised in order to ensure that patents fulfill their constitutional objective of encouraging innovation rather than impeding it. The courts and PTO appear to have heard these critics, and have begun to actively rein in the scope of patent-eligible subject matter. This shift in the swing of the patent-eligibility pendulum will likely have a profound impact on the patentability of innovations arising out of the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, particularly those relating to diagnostics and personalized medicine. In this article, I discuss the current status of the patent-eligibility doctrine, how it is that we got here, and what the future might hold, particularly for the life science industries.

  16. The Traditional Peoples and the Myth of Economic Growth in Harmony with Sustainable Development : A Critique of Light Doctrine protectionist Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Vladiane Alves Leite

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years the impact of economic development on the natural environment intensified geometric way in a world of problematic context of resource depletion and devastation of the environment to acquire raw material, endangering the ecosystems that sustain all the dynamics of humanity, especially the indigenous peoples that inhabit these places. This reality is not new, having been the subject of discussion since the beginning of the last century. As a result, the complexity and urgency of environmental issues have led the global community to work together to establish a new perspective and new ways for the environmental sustainable development, which could do live in harmony the need to develop economically and socially But with the right to a healthy and environmentally protected life, since it is a fundamental right to human dignity, recognized worldwide. For this, new public policies are being implemented and many of the old are being re- vised. Given the importance of the issue that raises debate, this paper intends to make a study of the doctrinal considerations involved theme in the light of diffuse rights and the protection of traditional peoples. Therefore, it will be observed the evolution of the concept, his balls and doctrinal and legal perspectives front of an international protective legislation Environmental Law and traditional peoples.

  17. Leadership Lessons from the State Early Childhood Policy Leadership Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stebbins, Helene

    2004-01-01

    The State Early Childhood Policy Leadership Forum seeks to build state capacity to develop and strengthen statewide, cross-system early childhood policies and programs. The Forum provides intense leadership retreats, professional development opportunities, policy discussions, and one-on-one technical assistance for individuals who are leading…

  18. Forum for Action on Leadership in Career Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Brunswick Labour Force Development Board, Fredericton.

    These minutes summarize the New Brunswick Forum for Action on Leadership in Career Development, which was the third in a series of provincial forums being conducted throughout Canada to stimulate dialogue among a spectrum of labor market partners and develop an action plan to support career development in Canada's provinces. The following items…

  19. Some Sidelights of the Northeast Asian Youth Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LuoYi

    2004-01-01

    At the invitation of the Moral Re-Armament/Initiatives of Change-Korea (MRA/IC-Korea for short), I participated in the Northeast Asian Youth Forum held in Seoul during August 29 to 24 this year.The theme of the forum was “The role of the yuth in realizing peace and prosperity in Northeast Asia”,

  20. Practicing Multilingual Identities: Online Interactions in a Korean Dramas Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Grace MyHyun

    2016-01-01

    This article presents the language practices of global youth who populate an online discussion forum devoted to Korea-produced dramas. Qualitative data included the writing, visual images, and interactions created within the forum. Findings revealed youth from geographically disparate places using new media affordances to engage with a minority…

  1. The Sine-Egyptian Joint Business Council Business Forum Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ On December 25, Chairman Wan Jifei led the Chinese business delegation attending the Sino-Egyptian Joint Business Council Business Forum co-hosted by the CCPIT and the Sino-Egyptian Business Council in Cairo, Egypt. Chinese vice Premier Li Keqiang who was on a visit to Egypt attended the forum and addressed the opening ceremony.

  2. 78 FR 27444 - Forum Investment Advisors, LLC, et al.;

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-10

    ... COMMISSION Forum Investment Advisors, LLC, et al.; Notice of Application May 6, 2013. AGENCY: Securities and... the Investment Company Act of 1940 (``Act'') for an exemption from sections 2(a)(32), 5(a)(1), 22(d... exemption from sections 12(d)(1)(A) and 12(d)(1)(B) of the Act. Applicants: Forum Investment Advisors,...

  3. Transitioning through College with Diabetes: Themes Found in Online Forums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravert, Russell D.; Boren, Suzanne A.; Wiebke, Emily

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Content analysis of Internet-based diabetes forum text was used to examine the experiences encountered by students with diabetes transitioning into and through college. Participants: Forum posts (N = 238) regarding attending college with diabetes were collected and analyzed. Methods: Thematic coding was used to identify prominent…

  4. The Summit Forum on Food of 2005 Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ On Feb. 2, the summit forum on food of 2005 was held in Beijing. Attending the forum were: persons in charge, experts and scholars from the relevant departments of the China national government, the professional association and the scientific research institute, and the leaders of domestic well-known food enterprises.

  5. 17 CFR 240.14a-17 - Electronic shareholder forums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Electronic shareholder forums... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Regulation 14a: Solicitation of Proxies § 240.14a-17 Electronic shareholder forums. (a) A shareholder, registrant, or third party acting on behalf of a shareholder or registrant...

  6. Emotions as Data in the Act of Jokering Forum Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hewson, Anne

    2007-01-01

    For three years the author has been using Forum Theatre strategies as a means of experientially exploring classroom management with preservice teachers in a post-degree BEd program. During the third year, the author undertook an arts-based action research project to examine her actions as facilitator, or "Joker", and to explore Forum Theatre's…

  7. Building Problem Forums: On Troubleshooting in the Professional Writing Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vealey, Kyle P.

    2016-01-01

    This article describes the use of "problem forums" in undergraduate professional writing courses as a technique for facilitating and sustaining learning from increasingly complex, messy, and wicked problems that are characteristic of 21st-century work. Problem forums are designed to scaffold project team discussions of rhetorical,…

  8. National Issues Forums in an ABE Setting. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molek, Carol

    National Issues Forums (NIFs) were conducted for adult basic education (ABE) students in a Pennsylvania adult education and job training center. The forums provide a process of sharing thoughts and opinions about areas of pressing national concerns in an open exchange of everyone's opinion. After instructors participated in NIFs, they developed a…

  9. Gender and Equity: Experience of the Working Women's Forum, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azad, Nandini

    1996-01-01

    Illustrates how poor women were able to move out of poverty and dehumanization through a process of mobilization and organization. The process was catalyzed by the intervention of a non-governmental organization, the Working Women's Forum. Outlines the Forum's program of economic, social, and technological empowerment. (MJP)

  10. Speech at the 7th China Standardization Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Xiaokang

    2010-01-01

    @@ Hello, leaders, guests and comrades: Today, the representatives of the standardization professionals in China gather in Jinan to join in the 7th China Standardization Forum. This forum will focus on the theme of "Implementing Standard Strategy, Accelerating Transformation of Economic Development Mode". It is of great significance to strengthen standardization, push forward standardization strategy and serve the adjustment and transformation of the economy.

  11. 76 FR 13984 - Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop III

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop III AGENCY: National... announces the Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop III to be held on April 7 and 8, 2011. The event will include... tactical Cloud Computing program, including progress on the NIST efforts to advance open standards in...

  12. 75 FR 64258 - Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop II

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop II AGENCY: National... announces the Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop II to be held on November 4 and 5, 2010. This workshop will provide information on a Cloud Computing Roadmap Strategy as well as provide an updated status on NIST...

  13. Forum on Specifications and Design Languages 2012

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book brings together a selection of the best papers from the fifteenth edition of the Forum on specification and Design Languages Conference (FDL), which was held in September 2012 at Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria.  FDL is a well-established international forum devoted to dissemination of research results, practical experiences and new ideas in the application of specification, design and verification languages to the design, modeling and verification of integrated circuits, complex hardware/software embedded systems, and mixed-technology systems.  ·         Covers Assertion Based Design, Verification & Debug; ·         Includes language-based modeling and design techniques for embedded systems; ·         Covers design, modeling and verification of mixed physical domain and mixed signal systems that include significant analog parts in electrical and non-electrical domains; ·         Includes formal and semi-formal system level design methods fo...

  14. European Non Destructive Examination Forum (ENDEF)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deffrennes, M. [EC, DG XVII, Nuclear Energy, Brussels (Belgium); Engl, G. [Siemens AG Energieerzeugung KWU, Erlangen (Germany); Estorff, U. von [EC, JRC/IAM, Petten (Netherlands)

    1998-11-01

    ENDEF, an initiative of the European Commission, DG XVII (Energy) was well supported by the European industrial institutions working in assistance with nuclear industrial organisations in the CEEC`s (Central and Eastern European Countries) and NIS`s (New Independent States). This Forum provides effectively a platform for open discussion between representatives of industrial actors active in the NDE (Non Destructive Examination)/ISI (In Service Inspection) field with the purpose to establish a co-operation pattern between qualified representatives of the EU (European Union) industry to offer a better co-ordinated and well defined assistance to the CEEC`s and NIS in the field of NDE/ISI, and to lay the ground for further industrial co-operation. ENDEF developed a strategy to follow for the establishment of co-operation projects. This strategy is now used to understand the extent of past or present assistance projects and to identify the areas where more co-operation is needed. ENDEF encourages the creation in the NIS`s and CEEC`s of similar forums in order to increase the co-operation and co-ordination. ENDEF is also working in perfect agreement with the European Network ENIQ, piloted by the European plant operators. This identity of views lead to the leadership by the ENDEF co-ordinator of the ENIQ Task 3 involving Applications of the European Methodology for ISI qualification in the CEEC`s and NIS`s and presently fully integrated in ENDEF. (orig.)

  15. Deficiencies in Current and Emerging Rear Battle Doctrine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-26

    CLASS. (of duoe repo"t) *Unclassified SCM EDL 1S. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT (of this Report) Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 17...resouring a third command post from active components . The VII US Corps has conducted the airland battle using a three command post concept (TAC, MAIN

  16. Doctrinal Disciplining of Queer Educators in Canadian Catholic Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callaghan, Tonya D.

    2015-01-01

    Little is known about the experiences of non-heterosexual educators in Canadian Catholic schools. This article reveals previously unreported data from a qualitative study that compares the treatment of and attitudes towards lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (lgbtq) teachers in publicly-funded Catholic school systems in the Canadian…

  17. The cultural dimension of metagovernance : Why governance doctrines may fail

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meuleman, A.A.M. (Louis)

    2010-01-01

    National cultures often reflect a preference for one of the ideal-types hierarchical, network or market governance. A comparison of four similar policy cases in the UK, the Netherlands, Germany and the European Commission reveals that successful public managers under certain conditions are able to

  18. A methodology for the quantification of doctrine and materiel approaches in a capability-based assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tangen, Steven Anthony

    Due to the complexities of modern military operations and the technologies employed on today's military systems, acquisition costs and development times are becoming increasingly large. Meanwhile, the transformation of the global security environment is driving the U.S. military's own transformation. In order to meet the required capabilities of the next generation without buying prohibitively costly new systems, it is necessary for the military to evolve across the spectrum of doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel, and facilities (DOTMLPF). However, the methods for analyzing DOTMLPF approaches within the early acquisition phase of a capability-based assessment (CBA) are not as well established as the traditional technology design techniques. This makes it difficult for decision makers to decide if investments should be made in materiel or non-materiel solutions. This research develops an agent-based constructive simulation to quantitatively assess doctrine alongside materiel approaches. Additionally, life-cycle cost techniques are provided to enable a cost-effectiveness trade. These techniques are wrapped together in a decision-making environment that brings crucial information forward so informed and appropriate acquisition choices can be made. The methodology is tested on a future unmanned aerial vehicle design problem. Through the implementation of this quantitative methodology on the proof-of-concept study, it is shown that doctrinal changes including fleet composition, asset allocation, and patrol pattern were capable of dramatic improvements in system effectiveness at a much lower cost than the incorporation of candidate technologies. Additionally, this methodology was able to quantify the precise nature of strong doctrine-doctrine and doctrine-technology interactions which have been observed only qualitatively throughout military history. This dissertation outlines the methodology and demonstrates how potential

  19. Mortgages, seniors and the common law contractual doctrine of mental incapacity in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Fiona

    2011-01-01

    Seniors in Australia are being called upon to mortgage their most precious economic asset, the family home. They may be asked to guarantee the liabilities of other family members by providing a mortgage-based guarantee or they may decide to enter into a reverse mortgage to supplement financially their savings and pensions. As the family home is the single most valuable asset for most older Australians, the creation of any obligations in regard to it ought to be undertaken with care and vigilance. While seniors are free to create mortgage, they may lack the capacity to understand the legal ramifications of these complex transactions or be unable to protect their interests when entering into them. It is not suggested that older Australians necessarily suffer a lack of contractual capacity. Many seniors are more than able to take care of their interests and assets. However, some seniors do suffer cognitive impairment which adversely affects their capacity to act in their best interests and to navigate the complexities of contractual relations. In contract and mortgage law, this raises the issue of mental incapacity. For centuries, the common law has recognized not only that mentally incapacitated people exist, but that they may enter into contracts such as mortgage and may later wish to have the mortgage set aside. The present formulation of the contractual doctrine of mental incapacity is the product of 19th century jurisprudence in which the courts framed the doctrine to accommodate commercial dealing rather than the interests of persons who lacked the necessary mental capacity. Accordingly, the doctrine has been very difficult to rely on successfully when challenging mortgages made by persons lacking capacity. Therefore, Australian litigators and courts alike have sought to deal with mental incapacity issues in the contractual context by using and modifying other doctrines (such as non est factum, undue influence and unconscionable dealing) in which the issue of

  20. How do prostitution customers value health and position health in their discussions? Qualitative analysis of online forums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regushevskaya, Elena; Tuormaa, Tuija

    2014-11-01

    Information on the health values and positioning of health among prostitution customers is limited. The aim is to explore the positioning of health among prostitution customers using data from Internet forums in Finland. Qualitative study using a purposive sample of public online forums among prostitution customers in 2002-2012. Health beliefs in relation to infections and risky sexual behavior were diverse, from correct to false. Although men were aware of health risks in prostitution, it was common to have multiple sexual partners and unprotected sex. Although there were men who warned others about possible health consequences when a condom is not used, typically men were proud not to use a condom with a prostitute and found different explanations for not using a condom. Condom breakage was not an issue discussed in forums. Unexpected findings were beliefs that one fifth of the Nordic population is resistant to HIV, that the possibility of HIV transmission is exaggerated by medical specialists, and that men should control their behavior in order not to degrade prostitutes. Discussions on health service use were few. Sexual satisfaction and entertainment were the main reasons to post in the analyzed forums health discussion was not common although condom use was reported, attention to health risks was selective information on health service use was limited, which may suggest this topic was not valued among men and should be a topic of future studies. © 2014 the Nordic Societies of Public Health.

  1. The decline of the Monroe Doctrine? Colombia and Brazil, between a traditional north and a renewed south

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Since the formulation of the Monroe Doctrine, United States defined Latin America as his ‘backyard’in the XIXth and XXth centuries. However, the global and regional transformations in the XXIst century have weakened the Doctrine, and promoted a new idea of the space, named South America. This paper analyzes the role of Brazil as a regional power, which leads the creation of this new space. Furthermore, it analyzes the role of Colombia, a United States traditional ally, facing the Brazilian le...

  2. Third Annual HEDS-UP Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duke, Michael B.

    2000-01-01

    The HEDS-UP (Human Exploration and Development of Space-University Partners) program has been instituted to build new relationships between university faculty and students and NASA in support of the Human Exploration and Development of Space. The program provides a mechanism whereby university students can explore problems of interest to NASA through student design projects, led by a university professor or mentor, and aided by the HEDSUP staff. HEDS-UP advises on the type of project that is of interest and provides contacts to NASA and industry professionals who may serve as mentors to the student project. Students become acquainted with objectives, strategies, development issues, and technologic characteristics of space exploration programs. In doing so, they are preparing themselves for future engineering challenges and may well find that the program is on their critical path to professional advancement. Many of the ideas are novel and are of interest to NASA. Industry finds in HEDS-UP a mechanism to meet many bright and enthusiastic students who are about to enter the work force. The universities become more involved with space exploration and the students are encouraged to include an outreach element in their work, to bring their efforts and their excitement to others in their universities or in their communities. The climax of the HEDS-UP program each year is the HEDS-UP Forum, held at the Lunar and Planetary Institute. Here, the university teams bring their projects - written reports, oral reports, models, prototypes, and experiment demonstrations - to show to one another and to NASA and industry participants. NASA, industry, and academic professionals present discussions of problems of current interest to space exploration. All meet informally around the posters that each of the teams brings to the Forum. This year the HEDS-UP Forum was held May 4-5 at the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston. Thirteen university teams from twelve universities

  3. Three I know not what: The influence of Greek philosophy on the doctrine of Trinity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandar S. Santrac

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the origins of the traditional or orthodox Trinitarian formula. The main objective is to clarify to what extent the traditional Christian doctrine of the Trinity (Nicene formula has been influenced by Greek philosophy. Through contemporary theological dialogue on this issue, the research focuses on the comparison between the traditional formulation of the doctrine of Trinity, influenced by Greek philosophy and the biblical revelation of the godhead. The conclusion is that the trinitarian formula might not be a dogmatic teaching, but a mystery (a dehellenisation of the concept of Trinity and that the Church fathers and the post-Nicene church used the Greek philosophical-theological expressions for Trinity, already present in Scriptures in its doxological and liturgical form, primarily for the purpose of contextualisation.

  4. The Validity of the Doctrine of Restraint of Trade Under the Nigerian Labour Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uko, E. J.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The doctrine of restraint of trade presents itself as a double-edged sword that can both do and undo. While it seeks to prevent abuse in regards to certain trade practices on the one hand, it tends to proffer excessive abuse and violations of the individuals’ rights to certain trade freedoms, if wrongly and widely applied, on the other hand. This article explores the various dimensions that cut across diverse boundaries touching human rights, ethics, equity, trade customs and other considerations. In as much as the doctrine of restraint of trade has come to stay, the courts as final arbiters have ensured that there be standards and guides, and this helped them to, in any given case, decide whether such agreement is valid or not. In conclusion, therefore, this work notes that there should be a legal framework, that will reduce likely and imaginary situations and circumstances that may give rise to litigations in black and white.

  5. Cognitive phase transitions in the cerebral cortex enhancing the neuron doctrine by modeling neural fields

    CERN Document Server

    Kozma, Robert

    2016-01-01

    This intriguing book was born out of the many discussions the authors had in the past 10 years about the role of scale-free structure and dynamics in producing intelligent behavior in brains. The microscopic dynamics of neural networks is well described by the prevailing paradigm based in a narrow interpretation of the neuron doctrine. This book broadens the doctrine by incorporating the dynamics of neural fields, as first revealed by modeling with differential equations (K-sets).  The book broadens that approach by application of random graph theory (neuropercolation). The book concludes with diverse commentaries that exemplify the wide range of mathematical/conceptual approaches to neural fields. This book is intended for researchers, postdocs, and graduate students, who see the limitations of network theory and seek a beachhead from which to embark on mesoscopic and macroscopic neurodynamics.

  6. Does recent research on adolescent brain development inform the mature minor doctrine?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Laurence

    2013-06-01

    US Supreme Court rulings concerning sanctions for juvenile offenders have drawn on the science of brain development and concluded that adolescents are inherently less mature than adults in ways that render them less culpable. This conclusion departs from arguments made in cases involving the mature minor doctrine, in which teenagers have been portrayed as comparable to adults in their capacity to make medical decisions. I attempt to reconcile these apparently incompatible views of adolescents' decision-making competence. Adolescents are indeed less mature than adults when making decisions under conditions that are characterized by emotional arousal and peer pressure, but adolescents aged 15 and older are just as mature as adults when emotional arousal is minimized and when they are not under the influence of peers, conditions that typically characterize medical decision-making. The mature minor doctrine, as applied to individuals 15 and older, is thus consistent with recent research on adolescent development.

  7. Directors’ Liability under thr Doctrine of Piercing the Corporate Veil : The Directors' Liability for Corporate Debt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laya Joneydi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The doctrine of piercing the corporate veil fascilitated holding directors liable for corporate debt. Nevertheless, the doctrine is not a seperate cause of action. Directors are bound by fiduciary duty, duty of loyalty and duty of care and skill to the corporation and its shareholders. However, there is not such a contractual relationship between directors and creditors. Thus, requiring directors to compensate creditors should be justified on tort law. In the Iranian, French and American legal systems, fault-based liability is the cause of action for directors' liability. The author found that in piercing cases, directors' liability follows the traditional rules of fault-based liability unless specified otherwise by statute as strict liability.

  8. NATO SOF Transformation and the development of NATO SOF medical doctrine and policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, G Rhett

    2009-01-01

    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Special Operations Forces (SOF) Coordination Center (NSCC) is a new NATO memorandum of understanding (MOU) organization that is effecting rapid advancement in NATO's ability to efficiently utilize SOF at the strategic/operational level. The NSCC's lines of development in communications information systems (CIS), education, training, and real life support to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) SOF and the development of pivotal documents to develop and mature NATO SOF doctrine and policy are all occurring at lightning speed. Within this process of establishing a SOF community in NATO, the author's focus is the development of previously non-existent NATO SOF medical doctrine and policy. Many barriers to change lie ahead, but through unity of effort, we will ensure certainty of our actions.

  9. Adapting the Doctrinal Discourse on Campaign Planning to the Reality of Current Conflicts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    know that it was difficult to share me with this project, but know that your love motivated me to produce a work commensurate to the sacrifice you...irrelevance of joint campaign planning doctrine, continued unsystematic improvisation by field commanders, and sub-optimal performance of American military...strategies, campaigns, and major operations and organize and employ military forces. Operational art integrates ends, ways and means and considers risk

  10. The Soviet-Finnish War, 1939-1940 Getting the Doctrine Right

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-05-21

    active debate raged on its proper role, organization, and strategy. One group, headed by Leon Trotsky , recommended the development of a large...development of the Red Army and its doctrine was also significant. Trotsky brought in many of these officers to serve as military specialists to train new...officers and serve as unit commanders. Trotsky believed the experience of officers of the former regime was important in the training of a new

  11. Military Hydrology. Report 3. A Review of Army Doctrine on Military Hydrology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-01

    Sciences Laboratory, White Sands, N. Mex ., reviewed documents dealing with meteorology. Commander and Director of the WES during this study was COL...addressed in the doctrine. 35. To meet freshwater needs, water is generally obtained from either surface or underground sources. Uncontaminated surface...must come from underground sources. It is therefore impera- tive that the Army know how to locate and develop these underground supplies. 36. To

  12. The American Factor in the Evolution of China’s Maritime Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    In The Evolution Of China’s Maritime Doctrine Douglas A. Malin Lieutenant, United States Navy B.E., State University of New York, Maritime College...foreign rulers wished relations, and if they valued trade with China, they had to acknowledge the universal supremacy of the "Son of Heaven," China’s...1403, Yongle reopened merchant shipping and built hostels to house tributary missions coming b’. sea. A system was devised whereby legitimate merchants

  13. Greek Military Strategy: The Doctrine of Deterrence and Its Implications on Greek-Turkish Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-06-01

    34 issue to Greece’s security 1 George Prevelakis, Geopolitiki tis Elladas (Geopolitics of Greece), Libro , 1998. In his book, Prevelakis describes the...of Militarv Doctrine: France , Britain, and Germany Between the World Wars, Cornell Studies in security affairs, 1984. 21 Ibid., p.14. 22 Ibid., p. 16...McGraw-Hill, 1979, p. 16 8 . 58 Starting in 1975, Greece acquired fighters, Main Battle Tanks. and ships from France in an effort to reduce its full

  14. The role of the doctrine of the Trinity in the theology of Stanley J. Grenz

    OpenAIRE

    Sexton, Jason S.

    2012-01-01

    This thesis provides an examination into the primary features in the theology of one of the turn of the century’s leading evangelical theologians, Stanley J. Grenz. It begins by establishing the controversial nature of Grenz’s project within evangelical theology, and how his aims were misread by a number of evangelical scholars. It then argues that the primary feature in his writings was the doctrine of the Trinity, giving shape to his methodology, theology, and ethical engagement. Accordingl...

  15. Myths and Realities of Minimum Force in British Counterinsurgency Doctrine and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    1 The main academic underpinning for the arguments of these counterinsurgency theorists was provided by Tom Mockaitis’ British Counterinsurgency...formula. Today, proponents of absolute minimum force view these tools as anathema to minimum force doctrine. Thomas Mockaitis, whose academic ...before his arrival and attempted to reform some of the police practices, that the police were notorious for their “brutality and malpractice ,” often

  16. [History of creation of the doctrine, equipment and methods of formation of biological feedback].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bokser, O Ia

    1999-01-01

    The theoretical and experimental priorities of Russian scientists A. V. Zaporozhets and M. I. Lisina in creating the doctrine of biological feedback (BFB) in 1955 are justified. The priority of American scientists (N. Miller, 1969) in the discovery of the fact that BFB can form in animals is recognized. USA scientists were also be the first to develop and provide a base for manufacturing commercial devices for shaping BFB that have gained wide practical recognition in medicine, sports, and psychophysiology.

  17. Operational Art and Risk: Why Doctrine Does Not Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    London; New York: Frank Cass, 2005), 6. 16 Ibid., 26. 17 Basil Henry Liddell Hart, Strategy (New York, N.Y., U.S.A.: Meridian, 1991), 338. 18 U.S...concur 98 Frank Newport, David W. Moore , and Jeffrey M. Jones, “Special Release: American Opinion on the War,” Gallup, March 21, 2003, http...Media and Public Affairs, August 2003. http://www.cmpa.com/files/media_monitor/03novdec.pdf (accessed January 16, 2013). Liddell Hart, Basil Henry

  18. HP-SEE User Forum 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Karaivanova, Aneta; Oulas, Anastasis; Liabotis, Ioannis; Stojiljkovic, Danica; Prnjat, Ognjen

    2014-01-01

    This book is a collection of carefully reviewed papers presented during the HP-SEE User Forum, the meeting of the High-Performance Computing Infrastructure for South East Europe’s (HP-SEE) Research Communities, held in October 17-19, 2012, in Belgrade, Serbia. HP-SEE aims at supporting and integrating regional HPC infrastructures; implementing solutions for HPC in the region; and making HPC resources available to research communities in SEE, region, which are working in a number of scientific fields with specific needs for massively parallel execution on powerful computing resources. HP-SEE brings together research communities and HPC operators from 14 different countries and enables them to share HPC facilities, software, tools, data and research results, thus fostering collaboration and strengthening the regional and national human network; the project specifically supports research groups in the areas of computational physics, computational chemistry and the life sciences. The contributions presented i...

  19. Forum of Mathematics for Industry 2014

    CERN Document Server

    Broadbridge, Philip; Fukumoto, Yasuhide; Kajiwara, Kenji; Takagi, Tsuyoshi; Verbitskiy, Evgeny; Wakayama, Masato

    2016-01-01

    This book is a collection of papers presented at the conference “Forum Math-for-Industry 2014” for which the unifying theme was “Applications + Practical Conceptualization + Mathematics = fruitful Innovation” in October 2014. This epigram encapsulates the dynamics of the process that takes an application through to an innovation. Industrial mathematics can be viewed as the causal engine that implements the epigram by taking an Application such as input and convolving it with a mixture of Practical Conceptualization and Mathematics to generate a fruitful Innovation as output. The book illustrates various aspects of the two-way interaction between applications and their association highlighting how practical conceptualization assists with the linking of the question that encapsulates the current application to the relevant mathematics. The contents of this volume address productive and successful interaction between industry and mathematicians, as well as the cross-fertilization and collaboration that r...

  20. Forum Math-for-Industry 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Broadbridge, Philip; Fukumoto, Yasuhide; Kamiyama, Naoyuki; Mizoguchi, Yoshihiro; Polthier, Konrad; Saeki, Osamu

    2017-01-01

    This book is a collection of papers presented at the “Forum Math-for-Industry 2015” for which the unifying theme was “The Role and Importance of Mathematics in Innovation”, held at the Institute of Mathematics for Industry, Kyushu University, October 26–30, 2015. The theme highlights two key roles that mathematics plays in supporting innovation in science, technology, and daily life, namely, needs-based and idea-based. For the former, mathematics assists with sorting through the possibilities and putting matters on a more rigorous foundation, and for the latter, mathematical models of the possible implementations play a key role. The book gives excellent examples of how mathematics assists with stimulating innovation and, thereby, highlights the importance and relevance of the concept Mathematics_FOR_Industry. The contents of this volume address productive and successful interaction between industry and mathematicians, as well as the cross-fertilization and collaboration that result when mathematics...

  1. Ambient Assisted Living : Italian forum 2013

    CERN Document Server

    Siciliano, Pietro; Germani, Michele; Monteriù, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    This book presents the refereed proceedings of the Fourth Italian Forum on Ambient Assisted Living (AAL), held in Ancona, Italy, in October 2013. A wide range of issues are covered, and new technological developments are described which will support the autonomy and independence of individuals with special needs through an innovative and integrated approach, designed to respond to the socio-economic challenges of an aging population. Topics addressed include: health and well-being, prevention and rehabilitation, and support for care providers; active aging and its social implications; services for the frail elderly with health problems and their families; nutrition; ICT platforms/technologies for the benefit of the elderly; home automation and control technologies (autonomy, safety, and energy saving); smart cities and smart communities; telemedicine, telerehabilitation, and telecare; mobility, participation, and social inclusion; games and fun for the elderly; building design; social housing; interface desig...

  2. National Quality Forum Metrics for Thoracic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipriano, Anthony; Burfeind, William R

    2017-08-01

    The National Quality Forum (NQF) is a multistakeholder, nonprofit, membership-based organization improving health care through preferential use of valid performance measures. NQF-endorsed measures are considered the gold standard for health care measurement in the United States. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons is the steward of the only six NQF-endorsed general thoracic surgery measures. These measures include one structure measure (participation in a national general thoracic surgery database), two process measures (recording of clinical stage and recording performance status before lung and esophageal resections), and three outcome measures (risk-adjusted morbidity and mortality after lung and esophageal resections and risk-adjusted length of stay greater than 14 days after lobectomy). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996. Photo 01: (left to right) Konrade Von Bremen, Claude-Olivier Rochat, T. Virdee and Guillaume Pictet in front of one of the two end-caps of the CMS detector at the assembly site. The brass structure in the top right-hand corner is part of the hadronic calorimeter that will measure the energy of strongly interacting particles produced in collisions at the LHC.

  4. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996. He is seen here visiting building SM18, which houses String 2: the test facility for LHC systems. Photo 01: (left to right) Mme Jaconi, Prof. Roger Berthouzoz, M. Guillaume Pictet, M. Claude Bagnoud, R. Saban and Hubert Curien. Photo 02: (left to right) R. Saban, M. Jean-Claude Rochat, Hubert Curien and M. Guillaume Pictet. Photo 03: (left to right) R. Saban, M. Jean-Claude Rochat and Hubert Curien.

  5. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President is Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996. Photo 01: (left to right) Mrs Mireille Quirina; D. Denegri, Physics Coordinator, CMS experiment; and Mrs Marisa Jaconi at the CMS detector's assembly site. In the background is the CMS magnet system under construction. The red concentric rings are part of the barrel yoke, which returns the magnetic flux generated by the superconducting coil. Supported from the innermost barrel ring is the outer cylinder of the vacuum tank that will house the superconducting coil.

  6. THE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF LAW - WILL THE ROMANIAN DOCTRINE FINALLY CATCH UP WITH IT?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MONICA-FLORENTINA POPA

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Although a well-established presence on the international legal scene, the economic analysis of law is still an unfamiliar concept to most Romanian scholars. While worldwide, prestigious universities offer special courses on this topic and an impressive body of legal studies continues to add up, only scant traces of this important legal school can be detected in some recent Romanian doctoral thesis and papers. This article explores the main concepts of the economic analysis of law, the recent spin-offs of this theory, especially in the area of comparative law, as well as some of the critiques addressed in the legal doctrine, concerning the consequences on law of overemphasizing “efficiency” to the expense of less quantifiable, moral and social considerations. Some explanations on why the Romanian doctrine is lagging behind with respect to the economic analysis of law will also be attempted, together with a tentative answer to whether this major legal theory will ever make an impact on local doctrinal developments in the near future.

  7. Second Annual HEDS-UP Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duke, Michael B.

    1999-01-01

    HEDS-UP (Human Exploration and Development of Space-University Partners) conducted its second annual forum on May 6-7, 1999, at the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston. This year, the topics focused on human exploration of Mars, including considerations ranging from systems analysis of the transportation and surface architecture to very detailed considerations of surface elements such as greenhouses, rovers, and EVA suits. Ten undergraduate projects and four graduate level projects were presented with a total of 13 universities from around the country. Over 200 students participated on the study teams and nearly 100 students attended the forum meeting. The overall quality of reports and presentations was extremely high, with most projects requiring that the students dig into space systems concepts, designs, and technologies in detail. University team outreach projects also reached approximately 1500 people through articles and Web sites developed by the students. Several of the teams had NASA or industry mentors and included visits to NASA centers as part of their class activities. Awards were made to the three top undergraduate teams and the top team of graduate students. The first-place award went to a team from Wichita State University, Wichita, Kansas. Their faculty advisor was Dr. Gawad Nagati of the Department of Aerospace Engineering. Second place went to a team from the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, with Dr. James Burke of the jet Propulsion Laboratory as advisor. Third place was awarded to the University of Houston in Houston, Texas, where Dr. David Zimmerman was the faculty sponsor. The graduate award was made to a team from the University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, under the sponsorship of Dr. David Akin.

  8. PREFACE: Rusnanotech 2010 International Forum on Nanotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazaryan, Konstantin

    2011-03-01

    The Rusnanotech 2010 International Forum on Nanotechnology was held from November 1-3, 2010, in Moscow, Russia. It was the third forum organized by RUSNANO (Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies) since 2008. In March 2011 RUSNANO was established as an open joint-stock company through the reorganization of the state corporation Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies. RUSNANO's mission is to develop the Russian nanotechnology industry through co-investment in nanotechnology projects with substantial economic potential or social benefit. Within the framework of the Forum Science and Technology Program, presentations on key trends of nanotechnology development were given by foreign and Russian scientists, R&D officers of leading international companies, universities and scientific centers. The science and technology program of the Forum was divided into eight sections as follows (by following hyperlinks you may find each section's program including videos of all oral presentations): Catalysis and Chemical Industry Nanobiotechnology Nanodiagnostics Nanoelectronics Nanomaterials Nanophotonics Nanotechnolgy In The Energy Industry Nanotechnology in Medicine The scientific program of the forum included 115 oral presentations by leading scientists from 15 countries. Among them in the "Nanomaterials" section was the lecture by Dr Konstantin Novoselov, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics 2010. The poster session consisted of over 500 presentations, 300 of which were presented in the framework of the young scientists' nanotechnology papers competition. This volume of the Journal of Physics: Conference Series includes a selection of 57 submissions. The scientific program committee: Prof Zhores Alferov, AcademicianVice-president of Russian Academy of Sciences, Nobel Prize winner, Russia, Chairman of the Program CommitteeProf Sergey Deev, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of SciencesHead of the Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, M M Shemyakin and Yu A Ovchinnikov

  9. LLW Forum meeting report, October 26--27, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Forum (LLW Forum) is an association of state and compact representatives, appointed by governors and compact commissions, established to facilitate state and compact implementation of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 and the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 and to promote the objectives of low-level radioactive waste regional compacts. The LLW Forum provides an opportunity for state and compact officials to share information with one another and to exchange views with officials of federal agencies and other interested parties. This report details activities of the meeting held October 26-27, 1994.

  10. LLW Forum meeting report, July 20--22, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Forum (LLW Forum) is an association of state and compact representative, appointed by governors and compact commissions, established to facilitate state and compact commission implementation of the Low-Level radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 and the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments act of 1985 and to promote the objectives of low-level radioactive waste regional compacts. The forum provides an opportunity for states and compacts to share information with one another and to exchange views with officials of federal agencies. This report details activities of the meeting held July 20-22, 1994.

  11. Forum for Almen Medicinske ph.d.-studerende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsted, Peter; Waldorff, Frans Boch; Eriksson, Tina

    Rapport fra første fællesmøde mellem nuværende og kommende almenmedicinske ph.d.-studerende. Rapporten anbefaler dannelse af et egentligt almenmedicinsk ph.d.-forum, der søges optaget i DSAM som en interessegruppe. Ph.d.-forum betragter sig som en ressource ved forskellige initiativer og ønsker...... blandt andet at arbejde for en værdig ansættelse af yngre forskere. Blandt de konkrete forslag, Ph.d.-forum har stillet, er almenmedicinske ph.d.-kurser og ph.d.-stipendium med henblik på udarbejdelse af protokol....

  12. The NCSS Public Issues Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFarland, Mary

    1989-01-01

    Describes programs sponsored by the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) to promote civic participation. The programs are National Issues Forums (NIF) in the Classroom; Jefferson Meetings; Great Decisions; Public Issues Series; and C-SPAN in the Classroom. (SLM)

  13. Proceedings of the Fifth Triennial Software Quality Forum 2000, Software for the Next Millennium, Software Quality Forum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scientific Software Engineering Group, CIC-12

    2000-04-01

    The Software Quality Forum is a triennial conference held by the Software Quality Assurance Subcommittee for the Department of Energy's Quality Managers. The forum centers on key issues, information, and technology important in software development for the Nuclear Weapons Complex. This year it will be opened up to include local information technology companies and software vendors presenting their solutions, ideas, and lessons learned. The Software Quality Forum 2000 will take on a more hands-on, instructional tone than those previously held. There will be an emphasis on providing information, tools, and resources to assist developers in their goal of producing next generation software.

  14. U.S. Geological Survey Program on the South Florida Ecosystem; proceedings of South Florida Restoration Science Forum, May 17-19, 1999, Boca Raton, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerould, Sarah; Higer, Aaron

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of the forum is to highlight the powerful connection between science and management decisions in restoration efforts. The public's investment in science is paying off in support of better management decisions and restoration of imperiled south Florida Ecosystems, including the internationally recognized, globally significant Everglades. The forum affords a unique opportunity for elected officials and other policy- and decision makers, along with the general public, to see--under one roof--highlights of the most significant restoration science and management efforts underway. The forum promotes the link between science and management. Scientists and decisionmakers will come together to discuss the needs of each in order to ensure that plans for restoration are based in science and are the most cost effective and highest quality possible. Continued vigilance over south Florida ecosystems is essential to prevent further harm and to restore them. Representatives from numerous federal, state, local, and nongovernmental entities are organizing the forum for the Science Coordination Team of the South Florida Ecosystem Working Group. The U.S. Geological Survey and the South Florida Water Management District are the primary hosts of the forum.

  15. Public meeting

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2010-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, I am pleased to invite you to a public meeting which will be held on Thursday 11 November 2010 at 2:30 p.m., in the Main Auditorium (welcome coffee from 2 p.m.) In this meeting Sigurd Lettow, Director for Administration and General Infrastructure will present the Management’s proposals towards restoring full funding of the Pension Fund. The meeting will follow discussions which took place with the Staff Association, at the Standing Concertation Committee (CCP) of 1 November 2010 and will be held with the Members States, at the Tripartite Employment Conditions Forum (TREF) of 4 November 2010. You will be able to attend this presentation in the Main Auditorium or via the webcast. The Management will also be available to reply to your questions on this subject. Best regards, Anne-Sylvie Catherin

  16. 75 FR 41577 - VBA/VHA Musculoskeletal Forum: Improving VA's Disability Evaluation Criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-16

    ...The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) will hold the Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA)/Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Musculoskeletal Forum: Improving VA's Disability Criteria to capture public comment and current medical science information from presentations made by subject matter experts. VA plans to use this information to update the sections of VA's Schedule for Rating Disabilities (VASRD) that pertain to diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system. See 38 CFR 4.40-4.73. Specifically, diagnostic code descriptors and evaluation criteria will be discussed. Contingent upon available capacity and time, individuals wishing to make oral statements will be accommodated on a first-come, first-served basis.

  17. 75 FR 39209 - U.S.-China Environmental Industries Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... environmental protection and increase bilateral trade in products and services related to the environmental... International Trade Administration U.S.-China Environmental Industries Forum AGENCY: International Trade... from private businesses, trade associations, academia, labor organizations, non- governmental...

  18. Large River Monitoring Forum Fish Assemblage Database 2016

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The Large River Monitoring Forum compiled fish assemblage data for five large rivers in the U.S. as a part of a coordinated effort to compare and contract river...

  19. Second Sino-Indian University Students Forum Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang; Ran

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Second Sino-Indian University Students Forum,jointly sponsored by the CPAFFC,the China-India Friendship Association,the Center for South Asian Studies(CSAS)of Peking University and the Charhar Institute,

  20. CCPIT and American Chamber of Commerce Hold Joint IPR Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The Global Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Protection and Innovation Forum, jointly sponsored by CCPIT and the American Chamber of Commerce, will be held in Beijing from March 26 to 28, according to a March 7 CCPIT press release.

  1. STUDENT FORUMS AS MOTIVATION FOR CREATIVE AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH WORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms. Nelly A. Finskaya

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers participating of students in the annual electronic Student forums of RANS as motivation to continue their scientific activity and research of cross-cultural communication in the sphere of professional education .

  2. China-NSW Climate Change Forum Held in Sydney

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>The China-NSW Climate Change Forum cosponsored by the CPAFFC and the New South Wales (NSW) Government was held in Sydney on November 20, 2008. About 100 people including Deputy Director of the China National

  3. Fifth Meeting of China-Spain Forum Held in Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>The Fifth Meeting of China-Spain Forum (CSF) was held in Chengdu, Sichuan Province from April 28 to 29. Leading delegates of the Chinese side including Yang Rudai, former vice chairman of the National Committee of the

  4. China-Spain Economic and Trade Forum Held in Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ On June 29, Chi na-Spain Eco nomic and Trade Forum, sponsored jointly by CCPIT, Federation of Spanish Entrepreneur Orga nizations and Spanish Trade and Investment Agency, was held in Madrid, capital of Spain.

  5. The Perceptions of Public School Leaders about the Role Spirituality Plays in Decision-Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massenburg, Masa J.

    2010-01-01

    The political doctrine of the separation of church and state is perhaps the major contributor to the lack of discourse on whether or not spirituality in any way affects the leadership of United States public schools. Similarly, the distinction between spirituality and religion seems to affect adversely the degree to which public school leaders are…

  6. Delegation Organized by CPAFFC Attends Boao Energy Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>From July 17 to 19, 2004, the Boao Energy Forum for Asia Energy Cooperation and Development jointly sponsored by the Boao Forum for Asia and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Iran was held in Tehran, capital of Iran. More than 320 people from fifteen countries and regions including China, Iran, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Lebanon, Japan, Hong Kong of China, Turkey, the U.K, Germany, France and Australia participated in the

  7. Simple Machines Forum, a Solution for Dialogue Optimization between Physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura SÎNGIORZAN

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available We developed an instrument which can ensure a quick and easy dialogue between the physicians of the Oncology Institute and family physicians. The platform we chose was Simple Machines Forum (abbreviated as SMF, a free Internet forum (BBS - Bulletin Board System application. The purpose of this article is not to detail the software platform, but to emphasize the facilities and advantages of using this solution in the medical community.

  8. Fourth Beijing Human Rights Forum Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OUR STAFF REPORTER

    2012-01-01

    The Fourth Beijing Forum on Human Rights was held in Beijing from September 21-23,2011.Jointly sponsored by the China Society for Human Rights Studies and the China Human Rights Development Foundation,the forum was centered on the theme of "Cultural Tradition,Concept of Values and Human Rights." Attending were nearly 100senior human rights officials,specialists and scholars from 26 countries and regions as well as the United Nations and other international organizations.

  9. IMHO: An Exploratory Study of Hedging in Web Forums

    OpenAIRE

    MAMANI SANCHEZ, LILIANA PAOLA; Vogel, Carl

    2013-01-01

    PUBLISHED Metz, France We explore hedging in web forum conversations, which is interestingly different to hedging in academic articles, the main focus of recent automatic approaches to hedge detection. One of our main results is that forum posts using hedges are more likely to get high ratings of their usefulness. We also make a case for focusing annotation efforts in hedges that take the form of first-person epistemic phrases. Science Foundation Ireland

  10. Annual China Real Estate Forum 2010 at CEIBS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The first Annual China Real Estate Forum was held on September 4 on the Beijing Campus of the China Europe International Business School(CEIBS). The forum has invited all stakeholders including government officials,property developers, bankers and investors. The participants will discuss the emerging trends of the industry, as the landscape of China’s real estate is facing profound transformation both at the policy and business levels.

  11. Rapport fra 2nd Supply Chain Leaders Forum 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knak, Henrik; Hald, Kim Sundtoft

    2013-01-01

    Dette års udgave af Supply Chain Leaders Forum diskede op med innovation, inspiration og ny indsigt i outsourcing. Konferencen var arrangeret i et samarbejde mellem Copenhagen Business School og Tata Consultancy Services. (Artiklen er på engelsk).......Dette års udgave af Supply Chain Leaders Forum diskede op med innovation, inspiration og ny indsigt i outsourcing. Konferencen var arrangeret i et samarbejde mellem Copenhagen Business School og Tata Consultancy Services. (Artiklen er på engelsk)....

  12. Scientific Forum on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V)-An Invitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aboraya, Ahmed

    2010-11-01

    The publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V) is anticipated in May 2013 with many new additions and changes. In this article, the author summarizes the phases of psychiatric classification from the turn of the 20th century until today. Psychiatry 2010 offers a DSM-V Scientific Forum and invites readers to submit comments, recommendations, and articles to Psychiatry 2010 and DSM-V Task Force.

  13. Scientific Forum on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V)—An Invitation

    OpenAIRE

    Aboraya, Ahmed

    2010-01-01

    The publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V) is anticipated in May 2013 with many new additions and changes. In this article, the author summarizes the phases of psychiatric classification from the turn of the 20th century until today. Psychiatry 2010 offers a DSM-V Scientific Forum and invites readers to submit comments, recommendations, and articles to Psychiatry 2010 and DSM-V Task Force.

  14. User Contribution Measurement in Online Forum with Fraud Immunity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo-Ying Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available It's very important to reward the contributive users of online forums, for that almost all contents are provided by users in such forums. There should be some rewards for contributive users, and rewards should be proportional to the contributions. So the determination and measurement of user contributions are needed in online forums. At the same time, some users may do some fake contributions to obtain more rewards. In this paper, we analyzed possible frauds in online forum, examined features of each kind of fraud, and proposed some fraud-tolerant parameters according the features of frauds. Results of our experiment show that almost 81% users in the examined online forum have fraudulent activities and pure advertising users can be discovered according to the fraud-tolerant parameters we considered. On the other hand, the experiment results also show that the biggest count of fraud type detected is with the parameter minimum intervals of posts from the same users, and followed by the parameter minimum length of posts. While minimum average rate value of post after specified rates is the parameter that was used for least times. Based on the idea of this paper, frauds of user contributions could be discriminated well, and user contributions can be measured quantitatively and fraud-tolerantly, which provides a basis for online forums to reward users in various ways.

  15. Popularizing biomedical information on an online health forum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrizia Anesa

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Given the increasing importance assumed by online health forums as a form of doctor-patient communication, this study describes the types of dialogic and polylogic interactions that develop in this type of communicative event, focusing on a corpus of threads drawn from an “Ask a Doctor” forum in the area of cardiology. Adopting a discourse analytical approach, the investigation illustrates how these forums may popularize biomedical knowledge. After describing the shifting conceptualization of popularization, we present a new conceptualization of Web 2.0 popularization which we call “oblique popularization”, as it is indirect, user-generated, dialogic and polylogic, and targeted. In particular, this study characterizes the online health forum as a Web 2.0-style popularization tool. It does so not only because biomedical information communicated to a single inquirer is also available to the whole population, but also because the function of the online forum as a medium of popularization is discursively acknowledged by the participants. The study also explores what explanatory tools (such as definitions, analogies, exemplifications, and generalizations are used by the experts to present complex or technical information. The analysis shows that biomedical information is circulated on a health forum by a complex network of participants, and that e-patients’ posts may also serve as prompters of popularization

  16. Visions and Options: A Report on Five Forums Introducing the Research Consortium on Building Vocational Education and Training Provider Capability. Occasional Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Berwyn; Robinson, Pauline

    2008-01-01

    This publication outlines the outcomes of forums held in 2005 to introduce the consortium research program which has investigated ways of building vocational education and training (VET) provider capability. It found a range of issues were of concern to participants as they considered how registered training organisations might position themselves…

  17. Coming Full Circle. The Transborder Library Forum Proceedings = Completands el Circulo. [Memorias del] Foro Trinacional de Bibliotecas (6th, Tucson, Arizona, February 15-17, 1996).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arizona Library Association.

    At the sixth transborder forum, librarians from the United States, Canada, and Mexico gathered to explore topics of interest to academic, public, school, and special librarians in all three countries. The conference program and general information are provided in English and Spanish. Presentations, some in English and some in Spanish, include:…

  18. Coming Full Circle. The Transborder Library Forum Proceedings = Completands el Circulo. [Memorias del] Foro Trinacional de Bibliotecas (6th, Tucson, Arizona, February 15-17, 1996).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arizona Library Association.

    At the sixth transborder forum, librarians from the United States, Canada, and Mexico gathered to explore topics of interest to academic, public, school, and special librarians in all three countries. The conference program and general information are provided in English and Spanish. Presentations, some in English and some in Spanish, include:…

  19. Commonwealth Local Government Forum Pacific Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry Parker

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The Commonwealth Local Government Forum (CLGF Pacific Project works with local government and other stakeholders in nine Pacific Island countries – Cook Islands, Fiji Islands, Kiribati, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. It seeks to strengthen local democracy and good governance, and to help local governments deal with the increasing challenges of service delivery and urban management in the unique Pacific environment. Human settlement patterns in the region are changing rapidly. The Pacific has traditionally been a rural agricultural/subsistence society, but this is no longer the case. The accelerated pace of urbanisation has impacted significantly on Pacific nations and in the very near future the majority of Pacific Islanders will be found in urban areas. Already over 50% of Fiji’s population are urban dwellers. Rapid urbanisation brings with it unique challenges and opportunities. Local governments are at the forefront of this phenomenon, with the responsibility to manage urban development and the transition from rural areas to cities and towns. Their success or failure to manage urbanisation and provide the required levels of physical and social infrastructure will affect many lives in a new urban Pacific. The project now has three components – the main Pacific Regional Project and two country-specific programmes: the Honiara City Council Institutional Capacity Building Project and the Commonwealth Local Government Good Practice Scheme in Papua New Guinea.

  20. 5th Physics and Society Forum - EPS

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    The Fifth Physics and Society Forum, organized by the European Physical Society, will take place at CERN from 28 to 29 March 2012. 
The purpose of the meeting is to explore the challenges experienced by physicists who leave their field of study to pursue alternative careers in the market place outside of teaching and university-based research. 
     It is widely recognized that a knowledgeable society is a prerequisite for growth. Value is only created if knowledge can be transformed into know-how and "know-how-to-do". Today it is widely recognized that a society is unable to grow and sustain an advanced science system unless equally advanced production is present. Today production is off-shored to emerging economies in Asia and elsewhere where labour costs are more favourable. European physicists therefore have the choice of being smarter, working harder and working cheaper or moving into other fields. 

 Registration is open until 1st March 2012. Please ...

  1. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President, Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996 - is seen here visiting the ATLAS experiment. Photo 01: Hubert Curien (left) with Peter Jenni, spokesman for the ATLAS collaboration, in front of the barrel toroid coil casing for the ATLAS detector. Photo 02: Hubert Curien (left) with Peter Jenni in front of the liquid-argon barrel cryostat in the ATLAS assembly hall. Photo 03: Hubert Curien (left) and Peter Jenni in front of the liquid-argon barrel electromagnetic calorimeter in the ATLAS assembly hall. Photo 04: Hubert Curien (centre), Peter Jenni and Wendy Korda in front of a barrel toroid coil casing in the ATLAS assembly hall. Photo 06: Hubert Curien (left) and Peter J...

  2. [To kill, let die and euthanasia in the bill of rights of patients and in the Chilean doctrine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueroa G, Rodolfo

    2011-05-01

    The Bill of Rights for Patients provides the patient with autonomy for disposing of his life, enabling him to reject those treatments that unnecessarily prolong his life. However, the bill does not allow an artificial acceleration of death. Therefore, the bill does not permit euthanasia (at least, certain form of it) nor assisted-suicide. However, according to the practice of medicine and also Chilean doctrine, it is permitted to inject morphine to a patient to relieve his pain, even though that could hasten his death. In consequence, it is allowed for the patient to dispose of his life and also to inject in him morphine for pain relief, endangering his life, but neither euthanasia nor assisted-suicide is allowed. Is this coherent? According to Chilean doctrine, it could be coherent under the condition of accepting the distinction between killing and letting die and also the double effect doctrine. The problem is that there is abundant English literature in the realm of moral philosophy to disregard both conditions. Therefore, it is possible to claim that the Bill is not coherent and that the Chilean doctrine is based upon a distinction and a doctrine that are not acceptable.

  3. 78 FR 73144 - Subsistence Management Program for Public Lands in Alaska; Western Interior Alaska Federal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-05

    ... Councils, which represent 10 subsistence resource regions in Alaska. The Councils provide a forum for rural... address subsistence issues concerning the region. To participate, call toll free 1-877-638-8165. When... review policies and management plans, and to provide a public forum for subsistence issues. DATES:...

  4. This weapon called peace: The doctrine and strategy of Soviet arms control and disarmament policy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trifan, D.D.

    1989-01-01

    The strategy of Soviet arms-control and disarmament policy can be summarized in what we have termed the ratchet strategy of peaceful coexistence, in which a strategic advance is achieved through the tactics of multiple and indirect lines of approach, legitimized through invocation of peaceful coexistence, and made permanent and irreversible both by treaties and agreements and by the increasing military capability of the Soviet Union and her allies. This strategy is unchanged from World War II until today. Soviet strategic thought is based on the writings of V. I. Lenin; and both Lenin's strategic concepts and Soviet disarmament and arms-control strategy bear a striking resemblance to the precepts expressed by the 4th-century B.C. Chinese strategist Sun Tzu in the Art of War. This dissertation examines not only the strategic content of this policy, but the doctrinal components of Soviet disarmament and arms control strategy. The doctrinal principles must be derived through examination of: authoritative political and strategic writings, records of negotiations and negotiating positions, treaties and agreements, data concerning weapons systems, and the relationship of these to observed political and strategic developments during the period under examination. The doctrinal principles behind this strategy are: (1) the primary purpose of peaceful coexistence is the undermining of imperialism, (2) any means are permissible in the pursuit of peace strategy, and (3) the motive force for this strategy is Marxist-Leninist ideology, with the ultimate goal being the worldwide imposition of socialism in its Soviet variety. Shifts in Soviet policy are tactical instead of strategic in nature; and in keeping with the Soviet idea of the correlation of forces this strategy can be termed a time-fluid two-player zero-sum game. Consequently, Soviet arms-control and disarmament policy can be a weapon called peace.

  5. Comment on E.F. Torrey and R.H. Yolken: “Psychiatric Genocide: Nazi Attempts to Eradicate Schizophrenia” (Schizophr Bull. 2010;36/1:26–32) and R.D. Strous: “Psychiatric Genocide: Reflections and Responsibilities” (Schizophr Bull. Advance Access Publication on February 4, 2010; doi:10.1093/schbul/sbq003)

    OpenAIRE

    Haefner, Heinz

    2010-01-01

    Torrey and Yolken wonder whether the killing of mentally ill persons in Nazi Germany reduced the risk for schizophrenia in the following generation. Epidemiological data from Germany do not permit reliable comparisons. Torrey and Yolken point out that horrible crime is still only little known. Strous and several contributors on the Schizophrenia Research Forum confirm that view. The history of ideas shows that social Darwinism in the educated classes and the doctrine of degeneration in psychi...

  6. 生态文明与气候治理--第三届气候变化与公共政策国际学术会议综述%Ecological Civilization and Climate Governance---Review of the Third International Forum on Climate Change and Public Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戈华清; 史军

    2013-01-01

    虽然国际社会对气候变化的科学认知还存在差异,但普遍认为人类活动对气候变化的影响绝对不容忽视,所有人均要承担相应的责任。第三次气候变化与公共政策国际学术会议围绕生态文明与气候治理这一主题展开,在科学认知全球气候变化与人类活动,理性思辨应对气候变化的伦理基础及实现路径,合理定位气候治理对策与气候变化应对机制,有效融合能源战略、生态环境与经济的管理对策等方面进行了深入探讨。%Though the cognitions on the effects of climate change are still different among the nations, it is supported by all nations and people that common responsibility should be shared. The theme of the third Inter-national Forum is “Climate Governance and Ecological Civilization”. In the forum, the scholars and experts discussed the cognition of global climate change and human activities, the ethical basis and path of addressing climate change, the climate governance and mechanism, energy strategy, and ecological environmental and e-conomic policies.

  7. The Free-Trade Doctrine and Commercial Diplomacy of Condy Raguet

    OpenAIRE

    Stephen Meardon

    2011-01-01

    Condy Raguet (1784-1842) was the first Charg%E9 d'Affaires from the United States to Brazil and a conspicuous author of political economy from the 1820s to the early 1840s. He contributed to the era's free-trade doctrine as editor of influential periodicals, most notably The Banner of the Constitution. Before leading the free-trade cause, however, he was poised to negotiate a reciprocity treaty between the United States and Brazil, acting under the authority of Secretary of State and protecti...

  8. Doctrinal and devotional literature in schools of Spanish Baroque. The Memento mori as a school subject

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Vicente SALIDO LÓPEZ

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The influence of the Counter-Reformation is fundamental to deal the educational models of the late sixteenth century and Baroque. The religious education became the main focus of the primary schools. It is for that reason that materials for reading and writing include texts from doctrinal and devotional works. In the Baroque, because of his particular vision of life, are enriched with reflections on death and worldly vanity. This article aims to analyze the main calligraphy manuals of the period to find this moralizing purpose in exercises for students, tracking the sources and the pedagogical principle followed by their authors.

  9. Users’ attention behaviors and features in internet forum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong-Zhong Sha

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Attention resource is scarce. Organizing community activities in online forums faces the challenge of attracting users’ limited attention. Understanding how users of online forums allocate, maintain, and change their attentional focus and what features of online forms influence their attention behaviors is critical for effective information design. This paper seeks understanding of users’ attention behaviors and features when they participate in discussions in online forums. Design/methodology/approach: A conceptual model was established to explore the indicator system of attention’s measurement. The related attention data were collected from Alexa Access Statistics Tool and Katie community. Then this paper computed the correlation coefficient and regression relationship between the indicators of visual attention and cognitive attention. Thereafter this paper analyzed and discussed users’ attention behaviors and features in Internet forum. Findings: Relevant bivariate correlation analysis and regression analysis discovers that Internet forum's attention is mainly as visual attention in users’ early involvement. Attention resources can be transformed. In a deep participation, users’ cognitive attention is more significant. Meanwhile cognitive attention behaviors’ further development will lead to the phenomenon that cognitive attention input is prone to increase faster in the early duration. That means in-depth discussion and interaction are more likely to appear in the early stages of participation. Research limitations/implications: There are some limitations about this study. The indicators are not comprehensive enough because factors affecting the distribution of attention resources in Internet forums are complex. We didn’t distinguish different types of Internet forums when we collected the relevant data. Future research will focus more on how to obtain comprehensive attention data. Originality/value: T his paper

  10. public spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Grigoryeva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this issue is PUBLIC SPACES. It is familiar and clear to every citizen. The streets and courtyards as childhood experiences remain with us forever. And these are the places where we come with our parents at weekends, where we meet friends, where we have dates and where we already come for a walk with our children.The history of public spaces is long and captivating. It was the main city squares where the most important events took place in history. The Agoras of Ancient Greece and the Roman Forums, the squares of Vatican, Paris and London, Moscow and Saint Petersburg… Greve, Trafalgar, Senate, Palace, Red, Bolotnaya – behind every name there is life of capitals, countries and nations.Public spaces, their shapes, image and development greatly influence the perception of the city as a whole. Both visitors and inhabitants can see in public spaces not only the visage but the heart, the soul and the mind of the city.Unfortunately, sometimes we have to prove the value of public spaces and defend them from those who consider them nothing but a blank space, nobody’s land destined for barbarous development.What should happen to make citizens perceive public spaces as their own and to make authorities consider development and maintenance of squares and parks their priority task against the  background of increasing competition between cities and the fight for human capital? Lately they more often say about “a high-quality human capital”. And now, when they say “the city should be liveable” they add “for all groups of citizens, including the creative class”.

  11. The doctrine of joint criminal action in the ad hoc tribunals and its scope in the Rome Statute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miren Odriozola-Gurrutxaga

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The first judgment of the International Criminal Court has confirmed that article 25 (3 of the Rome Statute adopts the theory of control of the act to distinguish between principals and accessories. On the contrary, since 2003, the ad hoc tribunals’ case law bases the notion of co-perpetration on the Joint Criminal Enterprise doctrine, using a subjective criterion approach. In this article we will first analyze the problems raised by that case law of the ad hoc tribunals, and then, we will study the article of the Rome Statute which apparently most resembles the Joint Criminal Enterprise doctrine: article 25 (3 (d. The article concludes that none of the three categories of that doctrine is included in the said provision.

  12. The NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence - Phase I Lessons and Phase II Activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, Peter [Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa (Canada). Uranium and Radioactive Waste Div.; Pescatore, Claudio [Nuclear Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    2006-09-15

    The Forum on Stakeholder Confidence (FSC) was created under a mandate from the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Radioactive Waste Management Committee (RWMC) to facilitate the sharing of international experience in addressing the societal dimension of radioactive waste management. It explores means of ensuring an effective dialogue with the public, and considers ways to strengthen confidence in decision-making processes. The Forum was launched in August 2000 and completed its first phase in 00 . Major findings and principles for action were published under the title of 'Learning and Adapting to Societal Requirements'. Activities of the FSC were also reported at Valdor 2003. In the second mandate of the FSC, there is continued use of a variety of tools and formats to allow dialogue among stakeholders in an atmosphere of mutual trust: national workshops and community visits, topical sessions, and desk and interview studies. In Phase II, the FSC is exploring: the link between research, development and demonstration and stakeholder confidence; cultural and organisational changes in RWM institutions; the role of media relations and outreach opportunities; tools and processes to help society prepare and manage decisions through stakeholder involvement; and increasing the value of waste management facilities to local communities. Workshops have been held in Germany and Spain. A large set of publications makes both Phase I and Phase II findings widely available.

  13. Sustainability, well being, and environmental protection: perspectives and recommendations from an Environmental Protection Agency forum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinah A. Koehler

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available According to panelists at a recent EPA-sponsored forum, at its essence sustainability requires the simultaneous promotion of equitable economic growth, environmental protection, and social well being. Panel members, including economists, policy makers, sociologists, and business strategists, agreed that a sustainable economy should preserve its capacity to generate income, which is made possible by maintaining natural capital. However, they also noted that the limited data available leads to the conclusion that the current scale and quality of economic activity is reducing the capacity of the biosphere to sustain the economy, and is fundamentally unfair to future generations. For EPA to respond effectively, it will have to strengthen the integration of traditional physical and biological research with behavioral and economic research. It will also require institutions that support equitable access to resources and a political system that can respond to today’s poor as well as providing for future generations. Several panelists noted that habit formation and consumption patterns, which often lack a clear rational economic base, can significantly shape the relationship between income and well being. This research implies that public policy directed at sustainability can and should incorporate social values not necessarily reflected in the traditional economic theory of decision making. Several recommendations which emerged from the forum focused on the need to foster high quality data on sustainability indicators, policy mechanisms that use economic incentives, and public education regarding what constitutes sustainable decision making.

  14. E-Mail discussion Forums in Library and Information Services (LIS: A Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhanavandan S

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The email facilities are currently provided free service through many search engines groups. The discussion forums are discussed through e-mail groups in same professions. The terms discussion forumForum, Mailing list and List are using interchangeably. This paper made an attempt to analysis library and information services (LIS forum. This paper analysed the highlights definition, purpose of the study, groups available over the internet and features of the forum, .the number of members, the mode of hosting the messages among LIS forum.

  15. Perspectives on the Use of “Anonymous” Discussion Forums in Undergraduate Education Courses / Perspectives sur l’usage des forums de discussion « partiellement anonymes » dans le cadre de cours universitaires de premier cycle en éducation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Michael Bowen

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper theorizes issues involved with conflicts between participation in on-line settings and real-world social commitments, such as has recently happened in schools with students using public discussion forums. We problematize how real-world social commitments negatively affect participation in online learning environments frequently used in classrooms. Drawing on interviews with, observations by, and written submissions from our students who participated in “hybrid” courses using an approach where identity was concealed in online discussions from other class participants, we discuss implications of this issue for evaluating forum submissions by students. Our analysis uses a cultural-historical activity theory framework to conceptualize implications from this anonymous forum approach and the resultant changes in participation in the learning environment. Cet article élabore une théorie des enjeux associés aux conflits entre la participation dans un environnement en ligne et les engagements sociaux réels, comme ce qui se produit actuellement dans les écoles, les étudiants se servant de forums publics de discussion pour leurs cours. Nous schématisons la façon dont les engagements sociaux réels ont des effets négatifs sur la participation aux environnements d’apprentissage en ligne fréquemment utilisés dans les salles de classe. À partir d’entrevues, d’observations et de communications écrites par les étudiants qui ont participé à nos cours « hybrides » en adoptant une approche par laquelle l’identité était gardée cachée des autres étudiants (mais non des instructeurs dans les discussions en ligne, nous discutons des implications de cet enjeu dans l’évaluation des soumissions des étudiants dans les forums. Notre analyse se sert d’un cadre théorique de l’activité historico-culturelle pour conceptualiser les implications de cette approche de forum « partiellement anonyme » et les changements de

  16. Expounding the Place of Legal Doctrinal Methods in Legal-Interdisciplinary Research : Experiences with Studying the Practice of Independent Accountability Mechanisms at Multilateral Development Banks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Naudé Fourie (Andria)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractThere is a distinct place for legal doctrinal methods in legal- interdisciplinary research methodologies, but there is value to be had in expounding that place – in developing a deeper understanding, for instance, of what legal doctrinal analysis has to offer, wherein lies its limitation

  17. Build Locally, Link Globally: The Social Forum Process in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donatella della Porta

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Considered an innovation because of its capacity to develop transnational processes, the World Social Forum however also has strong local roots as well as effects on organizational models and collective identities at the domestic level. Focusing on the Italian case, this article shows how local social forums, as arenas for exchanges of ideas, played a cognitive role in the import, but also the translation of new ideas, as well as helping the emergence of dense network structures and tolerant identities. The first section of the article examines how local social forums contributed to innovation in the organizational formulas of the Global Justice Movement—considering both structure (organizations and process (methodologies aspects—through the development of different, more participatory conceptions of internal decision making. It then addresses the innovations in the definition of collective identities, stressing the linkages of local struggles and global framing as well as the development of a cross-issue discourse around an anti-neoliberal frame. The final section will discuss the contribution of local social forums to contemporary social movements, stressing the role of these new arenas for the cross-fertilization among different movement families and spreading a method of working together that becomes part of the repertoire of action of local social movement organizations. The empirical research consists mainly of in-depth interviews and focus groups with activists from social movement organizations which were involved in local social forums.

  18. DIALOGISM IN THE DISCUSSION FORUMS IN ONLINE EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmem Lúcia de Oliveira MARINHO

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The digital genre, Discussion Forums, if constitutes as the main instrument of asynchronous communication and interaction of the Education in the distance online. Essentially a space of debates, in the education/learning modality, the Forum possess a pedagogical character, instrument that can promote of the collective and collaborative construction of the knowledge in Virtual Environments of Learning. The use of the dialogic language practiced by Educators and learners in Forums should, in thesis, to stimulate the debate, specifically the verbal interaction between these interlocutors. This article searched to analyze the verbal communication between educators and learners in Discussion Forums. When analyzing a Forum promoted in a course in the modality Blended Learning, on the basis of the Dialogism, theoretical boarding presented by Bakhtin (1995, 2011, and in studies of the EAD as Moore and Kearsley (2010 and Cabral and Cavalcante (2010, this work evidenced that, even integral of language, the Dialogism still is hidden in discourses in this genre, harming the interaction and collaborative construction of knowledge in modality.

  19. The socialization potential of the Eastern Partnership Civil Society Forum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrant KOSTANYAN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article assesses socialization in the Eastern Partnership Civil Society Forum, an institutionalized civil society cooperation consisting of nongovernmental organizations from the European Union and the Eastern Partnership countries: Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. The article argues that uniting the literature on socialization and on Eastern Partnership Civil Society Forum adds considerably to scholarly knowledge about the role of the institutionalized civil society in the world. The analysis of the activities of the Civil Society Forum shows that the conditions for socialization are largely fulfilled. We conclude that the organisation and functioning of the Eastern Partnership Civil Society Forum not only provides a passive framework for transmitting European values and norms, but also results in a middle degree of socialization between civil society organizations of the European Union and the Eastern Partnership countries. There is a large degree of internalization of European Union-sponsored norms and values among the participants of the Civil Society Forum: they fervently promote and defend such norms and values. The little-politicized environment in which discussions take place also allows civil society organisations to make ambitious statements, often more straightforward than political representatives (can make.

  20. JASAL Forum 2011: Growing Trends in Self-Access Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azusa Kodate

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The annual JASAL forum was held in Tokyo in 2011 in keeping with the theme of the JALT 2011 conference, ‘Teaching, Learning, and Growing’.Drawing on the theme of this year’s JASAL forum, ‘Growing Trends in Self-Access Learning’, several different trends emerged from the two paper and five poster presentations that illustrate the ongoing growth of the field. Contents of the presentations varied widely from an administrative operation of a self-access centre (hereafter SAC to research findings about SAC users. Having approximately 45 people including presenters at the forum, active discussions in which they shared ideas and professional practices were generated. One of the common points which emerged in the forum was that the form of learning that SACs provide is becoming more accepted and valued by educational institutions, and this has led to an increase in the number of SACs nationwide in Japan. Against this background, three themes were evident in the presentations given at this year’s forum: focusing on the physical learning environment, providing easier access to learners, and supporting learning processes.

  1. SOCIAL RELATION NETWORKS IN UT-ONLINE COMMUNITY FORUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Imam FARISI

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available So far, the existence of a virtual community forum has become a reality and social necessity in an era cybertech. It was also viewed as the electronic frontier of 21st century society that was undoubtedly for reorganizing and redefining to awareness of human being, that ways of their perceptions and explorations no longer limited by time, space, and geographic. Since the early decades of the 1990s, the existence of virtual community forum has attracted much attention and interest to the researchers, because it has significance as a social and cultural capital, and as a socio-technological solution for creating a learning community building forces. The UT-Online community forum is a virtual community forum that was built by (Universitas Terbuka UT in year 2006 to facilitate students to share and discuss various information, ideas, experiences in relation with academic or/and non-academic. This study examines and explains the contents of relation, social ties and structures of social relation networks in UT-Online Community Forum. The results of the study are important to the distance education institutions for building sense of community to DE students.

  2. Adiaphora en la Reforma protestante: ¿minimalismo doctrinal y neutralidad moral?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manfred Svensson

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El articulo presenta un análisis de la noción de cosas indiferentes (adiaphora en el contexto de la Reforma protestante. La literatura precedente sobre dicha noción en el contexto de la Reforma ha estado concentrada en el papel desempefiado por la misma en relación a la diversidad litdrgica. Aqui se aborda, en cambio, de modo primordial la cuestión de si acaso entre los reformadores hay una extensión de la noción de adiaphora al campo doctrinal y al moral.This article presents an analysis of the notion of indifferent things (adiaphora in the context of the Protestant Reformation. The previous literature on this notion in the context of the Reformation has focused on the role the Reformation has played with regard to liturgical diversity. Here, however, the focus is primarily on the question of whether among reformers there is an extension of the notion of adiaphora to the doctrinal and moral field.

  3. Doctrine of Frustration of Contract in English, American and Iranian Law (Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hadi Daraei

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Pacta sunt servanda” is one of the most fundamental principles in the common law and Iranian legal systems, which have been exposed to exceptions in the process of time. These exceptions are part of general doctrine of frustration. Iranians exceptions to this rule are named as “Ta`azzor” and “Ta`assor” rules. Doctrine of Frustration in Common law includes three subdivision theories: “impossibility of performance”, “frustration of purpose” and “impracticability” (hardship. All of these theories applied where a supervening event occurs. In English courts, only first two theories are accepted but third one is applicable in American courts. In imamieh Jurisprudence and Iranian law, “Ta`azzor” rule in most aspects is similar to Impossibility and “Ta`assor” rule is somehow like Impracticability. Some Iranian lawyers are said that we have no rule like “Frustration of Purpose” but I believe we can find traces of this theory in Imamieh jurisprudence and according which it is part of “Ta`azzor” rule.

  4. Construction of the international system of Versailles, according to the doctrine of Woodrow Wilson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MSc. Albulena Halili

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Mapping of the international system after the First World War took place in the Conference of Versailles, where a peace treaty was negotiated to end this war, and would reshape the world order. The key role in negotiating peace was handed to the United States of America, and its President Woodrow Wilson. This paper aims to elaborate the doctrine of US President Wilson, presented through the Fourteen Points, which were the basis for the international system that was created after First World War. Two of Wilson’s Fourteen Points, which are the object of study in this paper, had the most important impact on international relations, thereby transforming into international law principles, respected to this day: the right of the people for self-determination, which led to the destruction of multi-national empires, and the creation of a association of nations, which resulted in the establishment of the League of Nations, a predecessor of United Nations. The methodological approach used in this paper is analytical-theoretical, and is based on contemporary literature. It aims to identify the strong and weak sides of this doctrine, and its influence in the establishment of the Versailles international system, which only lasted twenty years. Conclusions from this paper are that the Fourteen Points not only served for the mapping of the Versailles international system but also for the establishment of preceding international systems. Many of those principles are the foundation of contemporary international relations

  5. Validity test of purchasing power parity doctrine: An Indonesian case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahabudin Sidiq

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study is to analyze the doctrine purchasing power parity (PPP in Indonesia with the case study of the rupiah exchange rate to U.S. dollar. The autoregressive is used to estimate the relationship between the change of exchange rate and the difference Indonesia–USA inflation rate. The data used in this study are quarterly data obtained from the International Financial Statistics (IFS and Bank Indonesia (BI with the period 1997Q4-2013Q4. The exchange rate that used in this study is using the rate on rupiah to U S dollar. The price data used consumer price index in Indonesia and the United States with a base year of 2000. The results of this study show, that rupiah to the U.S. dollar is undervalued during the free floating exchange rate system and, the PPP doctrine to the case of the rupiah to the U.S. dollar is not valid in the period of this study.

  6. Calvin’s modification of Augustine’s doctrine of original sin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Vorster

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Augustine was Calvin’s main source of reference in the “Insti- tutes”. However, his treatment of Augustine’s views was not uncritical. This article discusses the way in which Calvin modi- fied Augustine’s doctrine of original sin. The main differences can be attributed to different theological aims. Augustine deve- loped his doctrine of original sin against the teachings of the Manicheans and Pelagians, whereas Calvin shifted the focus to knowledge of God and the self. Calvin understood original sin noetically as religious and moral blindness – whereas Augus- tine viewed sexual concupiscence as the main principle of original sin. Augustine made a considerable effort to explain that sin does not find its origin in God. God foresaw the fall, but did not compel it. Calvin located sin in God’s eternal decree and permission. Augustine, furthermore, understood the transmis- sion of original sin biologically, whereas Calvin ascribed it to God’s eternal permissive will. These differences culminated in a different understanding of the meaning of Jesus’ virgin birth. The article concludes by discussing the relevance of Calvin’s noetic approach to original sin.

  7. Clinician, Society and Suicide Mountain: Reading Rogerian Doctrine of Unconditional Positive Regard (UPR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chinedum Amadi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Carl Rogers has become a legendary personage in the mental health field. Rogers (1957 “has been cited in the literature over a thousandtimes, in professional writings originating in 36 countries” (Goldfried, 2007, p. 249. Clinicians in the behavioral health field (psychiatry, socialwork, counseling and psychology are exposed to his teachings about human behavior. Of all the ideas propagated by Rogers, the conceptof unconditional positive regard (UPR has been elevated to the level of a doctrine (Schmitt, 1980. What then is unconditional positive regard?How can clinicians be faithful to the demands of unconditional positive regard in the face of other competing realities such as threat of suicideor terrorism? This paper seeks to discuss the impossible nature of Rogers' UPR, highlighting its inherent linguistic contradiction. Sincepsychotherapy is culturally normative, the doctrine of unconditional positive regard negates this fundamental principle. In this article, the authortakes a critical look at the influence of American philosophy of education on Rogers – he was a product of his culture. Furthermore, this paperasserts that clinicians are guided by societal norms or “conditions” which regulate clinical practice, including unconditional positive regard(Gone, 2011.

  8. Airlift Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-01

    Caballo Island, where a few AA batteries were operating. Precisely at 0830 the lead C-47 of the 317th Troop Carrier Group passed over the drop zone at...strafed and bombed targets on Corregidor and Caballo , and at 0930 naval vessels commenced fire against .San Jose beach preparatory to the amphibious

  9. Best practices in performing flow cytometry in a regulated environment: feedback from experience within the European Bioanalysis Forum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    der Strate, Barry van; Longdin, Robin; Geerlings, Marie; Bachmayer, Nora; Cavallin, Maria; Litwin, Virginia; Patel, Minesh; Passe-Coutrin, Wilfried; Schoelch, Corinna; Companjen, Arjen; Fjording, Marianne Scheel

    2017-08-01

    Flow cytometry is a powerful tool that can be used for the support of (pre)clinical studies. Although various white papers are available that describe the set-up and validation of the instrumentation (the flow cytometer) and validation of flow cytometry methods, to date no guidelines exist that address the requirements for performing flow cytometry in a regulated environment. In this manuscript, the European Bioanalysis Forum presents additional practice guidance on the use of flow cytometry in the support of drug development programs and addresses areas that are not covered in the previous publications. The concepts presented here are based on the consensus of discussions in the European Bioanalysis Forum Topic Team 32, in meetings in Barcelona, Limelette and multiple telephone conferences.

  10. Use of a Web Forum and an Online Questionnaire in the Detection and Investigation of an Outbreak

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuart Chester, Tammy L.; Taylor, Marsha; Sandhu, Jat; Forsting, Sara; Ellis, Andrea; Stirling, Rob; Galanis, Eleni

    2011-01-01

    A campylobacteriosis outbreak investigation provides relevant examples of how two web-based technologies were used in an outbreak setting and potential reasons for their usefulness. A web forum aided in outbreak detection and provided contextual insights for hypothesis generation and questionnaire development. An online questionnaire achieved a high response rate and enabled rapid preliminary data analysis that allowed for a targeted environmental investigation. The usefulness of these tools may in part be attributed to the existence of an internet savvy, close-knit community. Given the right population, public health officials should consider web-based technologies, including web fora and online questionnaires as valuable tools in public health investigations. PMID:23569598

  11. LLW Forum meeting report, April 18--19, 1991

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-12-31

    The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Forum is an association of representatives of states and compacts established to facilitate state and compact commission implementation of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 and the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 and to promote the objectives of low-level radioactive waste regional compacts. The Forum provides an opportunity for states and compacts to share information with one another and to exchange views with officials of federal agencies. LLW Forum participants include representatives from regional compacts, designated host states, unaffiliated states, and states with currently- operating low-level radioactive waste facilities. This quarterly meeting was held on April 18-19, 1991.

  12. LLW Forum meeting report, April 25--27, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Low-Level radioactive Waste Forum is an association of representatives of states and compacts established to facilitate state and compact commission implementation of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 and the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 and to promote the objectives of low-level radioactive waste regional compacts. The Forum provides an opportunity for states and compacts to share information with one another and to exchange views with officials of federal agencies. LLW Forum participants include representatives from regional compacts, designated host states, unaffiliated states, and states with currently-operating low-level radioactive waste facilities. This quarterly meeting was held April 25-27, 1994 and activities during the first quarter of 1994 are detailed..

  13. NASA Science Mission Directorate Forum Support of Scientists and Engineers to Engage in Education and Outreach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buxner, S.; Grier, J.; Meinke, B. K.; Schneider, N. M.; Low, R.; Schultz, G. R.; Manning, J. G.; Fraknoi, A.; Gross, N. A.; Shipp, S. S.

    2015-12-01

    For the past six years, the NASA Science Education and Public Outreach (E/PO) Forums have supported the NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) and its E/PO community by enhancing the coherency and efficiency of SMD-funded E/PO programs. The Forums have fostered collaboration and partnerships between scientists with content expertise and educators with pedagogy expertise. As part of this work, in collaboration with the AAS Division of Planetary Sciences, we have interviewed SMD scientists, and more recently engineers, to understand their needs, barriers, attitudes, and understanding of education and outreach work. Respondents told us that they needed additional resources and professional development to support their work in education and outreach, including information about how to get started, ways to improve their communication, and strategies and activities for their teaching and outreach. In response, the Forums have developed and made available a suite of tools to support scientists and engineers in their E/PO efforts. These include "getting started" guides, "tips and tricks" for engaging in E/PO, vetted lists of classroom and outreach activities, and resources for college classrooms. NASA Wavelength (http://nasawavelength.org/), an online repository of SMD funded activities that have been reviewed by both educators and scientists for quality and accuracy, provides a searchable database of resources for teaching as well as ready-made lists by topic and education level, including lists for introductory college classrooms. Additionally, we have also supported scientists at professional conferences through organizing oral and poster sessions, networking activities, E/PO helpdesks, professional development workshops, and support for students and early careers scientists. For more information and to access resources for scientists and engineers, visit http://smdepo.org.

  14. [Social media: forum webcare as a proactive information strategy in health promotion: Results of a pilot project by the BZgA].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quast, T; Nöcker, Guido

    2015-09-01

    Over several weeks in 2013, the BZgA pilot project "SoMe" (August 2012 to February 2014) tested and investigated various social media interventions in the fields of family planning and sex education. The interventions included the tool "forum webcare," which was used in four forums for pregnant women and three for young people. The term webcare originally described a customer-oriented communication strategy of the web economy. The term includes elements of reputation management, customer care, and online marketing. In the present pilot project, forum webcare has been understood and applied in the sense of "virtual street work," which means that issues on health topics in non-self-operated forums were identified and answered. The design was based on the Precede-Proceed Model. In the phases of analysis, implementation, and evaluation the project used chronologically and methodologically interlaced and mutually controlling methods such as online test groups, intensive interviews, and the evaluation of data on web use. The analysis indicated that the target groups of the project used the forums quite often; that they had a positive attitude toward the idea of webcare providing contributions from experts working for public institutions; and that the risk of reactance was low. Forum webcare allows important supplementary and well-founded information to be brought into the discussions. At the same time the results of the project show that users, when keeping to certain rules, mostly see webcare as a welcome addition to incomplete information and the improvement of faulty information, and appreciate it as quality enhancement for the forum. From the view of the information provider, forum webcare is more a chance to address numerous passive recipients rather than communicating with single users. At the same time the instrument provides the chance to learn from users of the forums, and to become familiar with and be able to respond to their needs and the way in which they

  15. OECD Global Science Forum's Astronomy Workshop to take place in Munich

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-11-01

    members of the national astronomical community. The International Astronomical Union (IAU) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO) are explicitly represented. Experts from the world-wide astronomy community have been invited to set the stage and provide input for the discussions. The choice by Germany and the OECD to make Munich the venue of this Global Science Forum Workshop is no coincidence. It is a recognition of the important role played by many institutions in the Munich region in the field of Astronomy and Astrophysics. They include the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität where the Workshop will take place, the Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, the Max-Planck Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik and the European Southern Observatory. These institutions are all participating in large programmes and projects in astronomy. ESO, for its part, is at the leading edge of world astronomy with its flagship facility, the Very Large Telescope in Paranal (Chile) and the newly started ALMA project at Chajnantor (Chile), being carried out in partnership between Europe and North America. Public Talks (Munich) on December 1, 2003 As a prelude to the Workshop, two public keynote presentations will take place on December 1 at the Deutsches Museum in Munich at 18:00 CET. The speakers are Malcolm Longair, Jacksonian Professor of Natural Philosophy and Head of Laboratory, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge (UK) and Martin Harwit, Professor Emeritus of Astronomy, Cornell University, and former Director of the National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC (USA). The talks will be given in English and the entry to this public event is free. Professor Longair will speak on "Astrophysics and Cosmology in the Twenty-First Century" and Professor Harwit will speak on "The Growth of Understanding of our Universe". You can find more informaton on the Public Talks web page.

  16. Forum on Jerrold Levinson, "Contemplating Art"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ed. by M. Rotili, with J. Levinson, A. Bertinetto, M. Di Monte, F. Focosi, L. Giombini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Jerrold Levinson’s Contemplating Art provides the readers with a variety of heterogeneous topics and issues. The discussants who took part in the Forum about Levinson’s book chose four different “tracks” dealt with, offering four different reflections. The main topics of the debate are: music, historicity, aesthetic properties and aesthetic contextualism.Starting on the fact that music is one of the main fields of Contamplating Art Alessandro Bertinetto focus his paper on the ‘musical’ chapters of the book that 1 defend the theory of musical expressivity presented by Levinson in his previous books (the ‘theory of musical persona’; 2. articulate it in reference to particular aspects of musical experience, and 3. examine its contribution for the understanding of the narrative and dramatic dimension of music as well as 4., in general, for its artistic value. Michele Di Monte’s aim is to focus on the questions raised by the alleged essential historicality of the concept of art and the formal definition of the concept itself. He discusses, in particular, the epistemic basis and status of what Levinson calls ‘our present concept of art’, the logical outcomes of its role in defining and identifying the art of the past and the problematic relationship between a universality requirement and the theory’s pretension to historicality. Filippo Focosi discusses in the first place the passages of Levinson’s book where his paradigmatic aesthetic principle explicitly occurs; secondly, he shows how such a principle, as is there articulated, can disclose interest perspectives on other aspects of Levinson’s theories about art and aesthetic properties. The paper by Lisa Giombini focuses on on the role of context in Levinson’s definition of art.Afterdefining Levinson’s version of aesthetic contextualism, Giombiniunderlines how Levinson’s intentional-historical definition may provide fertile ground for a peculiar form of contextualism

  17. Degree and reciprocity of self-disclosure in online forums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barak, Azy; Gluck-Ofri, Orit

    2007-06-01

    Cyberspace has become a common social environment in which people interact and operate in many ways. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the occurrence and reciprocity of self-disclosure, two subjects that are extensively studied in face-to-face interactions but only to a limited degree in virtual, computer-mediated, textual communication. Data was based on 240 first messages in a thread, sampled in equal numbers from six Internet forums (three discussion and three support groups), and written in equal numbers by each gender, and 240 first responses to them (a total of 480 forum messages). Trained, expert judges blindly rated each message on the degree to which it disclosed personal information, thoughts, and feelings. Linguistic parameters (total number of words and number of first-voice words) were also used as dependent variables. Results showed the following: (a) self-disclosure in support forums was much higher than in discussion forums, in terms of both total number and type of disclosure; (b) messages in support forums were longer and included more first-voice words than in discussion forums; (c) there were no gender differences interacting with level of self-disclosure; (d) reciprocity of self-disclosure was evident, yielding positive correlations between the measures of self-disclosure in messages and responses to them; (e) some differences appeared in level of reciprocity of self-disclosure between male and female participants, with female respondents tending to be more reciprocal than male respondents. The implications of these results are discussed in light of growing social interactions online, and possible applications are suggested.

  18. Corporate planning and LAN information systems as forums

    CERN Document Server

    Sabre, Ru Michael

    1992-01-01

    Corporate Planning and LAN: Information Systems as Forums provides information pertinent to the Forum Information System (FIS), a conceptual basis for all corporate planning. This book presents an information system which, by means of LAN, organizational development style prototyping, and organizational learning utilization, can open communications among managers, executives, owners, and employees in a corporate setting.Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the four phases to the eventual use of the FIS in a corporate setting. This text then explores FIS as part of a

  19. Balkan Print Forum – Dynamic Balkan Print Media Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rossitza Velkova

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Founded in October 2006, the Balkan Print Forum is gradually becoming an important regional institution. Its main targets are to share experiences and know-how,to initiate and intensify contacts and to support joint projects in the Balkan region.Since drupa 2008 there are 11 member countries of the Balkan Print Forum:Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia and Turkey. Partners of BPF are some companies and universities from Russia and Ukraine.

  20. Selected Speeches at First Sino-Indian University Students Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>The First Sino-Indian University Students Forum jointly sponsored by the Chinese People’ s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries,the China-India Friendship Association,and the Center for India Studies under Peking University,was held at Peking University from May 20 to 23,2009. Seventy students from top Indian and Chinese universities took part in the forum.With the theme of"China-India cooperation is in our hands",the participants exchanged views on issues of common concern including politics,economy and culture and held discussions.

  1. 2006 Government Forum on Traditional Medicine is Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WFAS Secretariat

    2006-01-01

    @@ 2006 Government Forum on Traditional Medicine is held in Beijing on October 26th and 27th in Guangxi Hotel.It is sponsored by WHO and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine of PRC, and organized by World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies (WFAS). The purpose of this Governmental Forum:promote the implementation of four strategic objectives under WHA56/31 Resolution, develop traditional medicine, and enhance the position, application and management level of traditional medicine; Discuss the communication and cooperation mechanism and projects on the development and management of traditional medicine under the frame of WHA56/31 among the governmental Health administrations.

  2. [Marijuana, health, disease, and freedom: analysis of an Internet forum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefèvre, F; Simioni, A M

    1999-11-01

    This paper takes a Health Education perspective to analyze a debate forum on the Brazilian Internet site entitled "Universo On-Line", in which the following questions were addressed: "Do you believe that marijuana is harmful to one's health?" "In your opinion, should marijuana use be decriminalized?" By applying qualitative discourse analysis techniques to responses from the forum, we were able to identify six main types of discourse, reflecting the opinions of six "collective subjects" concerning drugs, health, disease, and freedom and existing as social representations in the current Brazilian collective imagination. Research on these social representations allows one to establish criteria for intervention in the field of Health Education.

  3. Reason, Grace and Charity: Augustine and the Impact of Church Doctrine on the Construction of Intellectual Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stainton, Tim

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines how early church doctrine influenced the construction of and response to intellectual disability. Though the main focus of the paper is on intellectual disability, much of the discussion is more broadly relevant to other types of impairments and human differences. The vehicle for this examination is the work of the key figure…

  4. Transforming Doctrine and Organization to Meet the Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Requirements of the Brigade Combat Team Commander

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-13

    Operating Procedure TCAE Technical Control and Analysis Element TRADOC Training and Doctrine Command T-RAP TRADOC Remedial Action Plan US United...The G2 CM&D section leads the division collection effort. The CEWI Battalion Technical Control and Analysis Element ( TCAE ), supervised by the CEWI

  5. Restoring the Nexus of History-Theory-Doctrine in Military Thought: Implications for the Republic of Korea Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    especially influenced by the ideas of the German Romantic Movement embodied in Immanuel Kant.30 Clausewitz believed that theory does not to provide...Army’s early success is its lack of adherence to rigid doctrines or theories and the willingness of officers to experiment with novel pacification

  6. SERVE Regional Forum on School Improvement, Proceedings (Tampa, Florida, October 6-9, 1996).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Stephen

    The first SERVE Regional Forum on School Improvement brought together 300 educators from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, and South Carolina. These proceedings include: introductory information on SERVE, an introduction to the forum, the forum agenda, comments from participants, summaries of the keynote presentations, and…

  7. A Study of Preservice Science Teachers' Interactions with a Web-Based Forum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodzin, Alec M.; Park, John C.

    1998-01-01

    In order to examine the potential benefits and existing barriers of preservice science teachers engaging in an electronic professional community on the World Wide Web, a "Web Forum" was constructed called the SciTeach forum. Although there are barriers to overcome, a "Web-based" forum appears to be an effective instrument to provide support to a…

  8. Reflections on 'medical tourism' from the 2016 Global Healthcare Policy and Management Forum

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Crooks, V.A.; Ormond, M.E.; Jin, Ki Nam

    2017-01-01

    In October 2016, the Global Healthcare Policy and Management Forum was held at Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea. The goal of the forum was to discuss the role of the state in regulating and supporting the development of medical tourism. Forum attendees came from 10 countries. In this short

  9. Lasting Lessons: Following up with Recipients of the Forum's Undergraduate Research Award

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forum on Education Abroad, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The annual Forum on Education Abroad Undergraduate Research Award showcases rigorous and significant undergraduate research that occurs as part of education abroad programs. Every year, the award recipients present their research at a plenary luncheon at the Forum's Annual Conference. The Forum granted the first Undergraduate Research Awards in…

  10. 78 FR 77621 - Forum To Discuss Proposed Changes To Implement the Hague Agreement Concerning International...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office 37 CFR Parts 1, 3, 5 and 11 Forum To Discuss Proposed Changes... States Patent and Trademark Office (``USPTO'' or ``Office'') is convening a forum to discuss... title I of the PLTIA and seeking written comments on the proposals. The forum is an additional way for...

  11. 76 FR 12337 - Request for Applicants for Appointment to the United States-Brazil CEO Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-07

    ... International Trade Administration Request for Applicants for Appointment to the United States- Brazil CEO Forum... 2007, the Governments of the United States and Brazil established the U.S.-Brazil CEO Forum. This... of the Forum. The current U.S. Section term will expire on June 11, 2011. DATES: Applications should...

  12. 78 FR 32239 - Request for Applicants for Appointment to the United States-Brazil CEO Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ... International Trade Administration Request for Applicants for Appointment to the United States- Brazil CEO Forum... 2007, the Governments of the United States and Brazil established the U.S.-Brazil CEO Forum. This... representatives to the U.S. Section of the Forum. The term of the current representatives to the U.S. Section will...

  13. 75 FR 10814 - Proposed Programmatic Safe Harbor Agreement for the Sacramento River Conservation Area Forum in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-09

    ... Conservation Area Forum in Shasta, Tehama, Butte, Glenn, Colusa, Yolo, and Sutter Counties, CA AGENCY: Fish and... application for an Enhancement of Survival Permit from the Sacramento River Conservation Area Forum (applicant... Conservation Area Forum under the Act (16 U.S.C 1531 et seq.). The permit application includes a proposed Safe...

  14. Ciudadanía, sociedad civil y participación en políticas públicas: la experiencia de los foros vecinales de seguridad en el municipio de La Plata Cidadania, sociedade civil e participação em políticas públicas: a experiência dos foros vecinales de seguridad no município de La Plata Citizenship, civil society and participation in public policies: the experience of the community safety forums in the municipality of La Plata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Sarmiento

    2007-12-01

    óruns como 'vizinhos', uma categoria, por assim dizer, despolitizada e moral. Finalmente, espera-se que o artigo possa representar uma contribuição, como estudo empírico, ao debate sobre a significação política da participação a sociedade civil nas políticas públicas.The article presents results of a study about citizen participation in public safety policies in the municipality of La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. The work focuses on the analysis of the participation practices observed in Community Safety Forums and on the meaning that the forum members attribute to these forums. The study utilized qualitative data collection and analysis techniques, such as participant observation, interviews with key informants and interviews with Forum members. One important conclusion is that the participation does not take advantage of all the public policy possibilities, and that the forums thus express a form of " limited citizenship" . An example of this is the self-identification of the forum members as 'neighbors', a category that can be seen as moral and depoliticized. Finally, it is hoped that the article can support empiric research and the debate about the political meaning of participation of civil society in public policies.

  15. Justification doctrine in the prohibition on torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piggott, Frederick

    2008-01-01

    This paper looks at the legacy of a justification doctrine evident in early international jurisprudence that set the threshold for treatment prohibited under international law as torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment [hereafter the prohibition], excusing from its reach deliberately inflicted, potentially severe, suffering proportionately inflicted for a legitimate purpose. Debates over a 'threshold' at which point the prohibition engages, or at which point 'inhumane' treatment reaches a level sufficient to be deemed 'torture', typically invoke an implicit 'severity' threshold. This paper is not primarily concerned with severity or the instrumentality of any 'severity threshold' either in engaging the prohibition or in distinguishing categories of prohibited treatment. Neither is the article concerned directly with the legal distinction between categories of prohibited treatment (i.e. the distinction between 'torture', other 'inhuman', or even any subcategory 'degrading' treatment). Rather the article focuses on the distinction between (i) treatment prohibited, as either torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading, and (ii) treatment prima facie 'justified'. What the article looks at is the operation of a 'justification' threshold in triggering the prohibition, one that understands 'justified' treatment as never reaching the level of, or never amounting to inhuman, cruel or degrading treatment under the prohibition. The article interprets the current prohibition on torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment as one on 'unjustified' inflicted suffering, suggesting that the notion of 'justifiability' active in this definition is problematic in encouraging arguments seeking to circumvent the protection afforded under the prohibition. In the absence of a clearly defined notion of the 'victim', or circumscribed class afforded protection, this paper both identifies and addresses a correlation between (i) a broadly inclusive contextual scope for

  16. Perspectives on the doctrine of providence in some of Calvin' s sermons on Job

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter C. Potgieter

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available It is quite remarkable that Calvin addresses himself to the providence of God not only in his 'theological' works (eg Institutes, but particularly also in his more 'popular' works, for instance his correspondence and sermons. This is where the doctrine of providence is significantly contextualized. It is obvious that he takes up his topic in a most responsible manner, by which the 'providentia Dei' should not only comfort those who believe in Christ, but should also call for a responsible life before the countenance of God. Furthermore, for Calvin providence is not so much an issue to be 'explained', but rather a 'confession' related to the very heart of faith.

  17. Joint-Stock Corporation under Turkish Commercial Law and the Doctrine of Increasing Shareholder Commitments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berna Tepe

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available  ABSTRACT The principle that the shareholder of a joint-stock company is under the single obligation of paying in his contribution to the equity-capital is in force within the framework of the 2011 Turkish Commercial Code. It appears as if the reinforced principle of “single obligation” critically challenges the relevance of the formerly settled norm of subjecting increase in shareholders’ commitments to unanimous consent of all shareholders.  That being said, since the Turkish Commercial Code also contains deviations to the single obligation principle in addition to the fact that the notion of increase is shareholders’ commitments was not made entirely obsolete from the Turkish Commercial Code, the doctrine for subjecting increases in shareholders’ commitments to the general assembly’s unanimous vote is - to an extent - still relevant within the context of the 2011 Turkish Commercial Code.

  18. The Copenhagen Forum 1996-2016

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ry Nielsen, Jens Carl; Raine, John

    2016-01-01

    and by focusing on the pedagogical aspects of the public management programmes that they are responsible for delivering, provides insights, guidance and suggestions from experience to help them develop their practice. Originality/value: The aim is to provide readers with an appreciation of the context from which...

  19. FORUM ISSUES IN THE ENFORCEMENT OF REGULATORY ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 A Nigerian public company is a corporate entity that is incorporated in accordance .... of self-regulatory organisations in most financial markets who thus far have ...... the ISA, 2007, to the fundamental issue in the appeal, which is whether a.

  20. Forum: Communication Activism Pedagogy. Four Typologies of Communication Activism Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartnett, Stephen J.

    2017-01-01

    This concluding response to the articles in this forum maps out the main arguments in the responses to the stimulus essay, "Communication Activism Pedagogy and Research: Communication Education Scholarship to Promote Social Justice," which fall into four broad categories: (1) post-Marxist imaginings of social change; (2) existentialist…

  1. The Education Forum: A Web-Based Resource for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnackenberg, Heidi L.; Asuncion, Jennison; Rosler, Dean

    One of the issues surrounding the successful integration of technology into teaching practices is teachers' lack of time to develop or modify lesson plans, units, or curricula to incorporate technology. The Education Forum Web site, http: //education.concordia.ca/~heidi_schnackenberg/educationfo rum, developed as a project for a graduate course on…

  2. Patterns of Emoticon Usage in ESL Students' Discussion Forum Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halvorsen, Andy

    2012-01-01

    This mixed-methods study looks at patterns of emoticon usage in adult, ESL student writing. Data are drawn from 13 students and their participation in online discussion forums designed to supplement a traditional ESL writing course. The study conceptualizes computer mediated communication as a hybridized and emergent form which utilizes features…

  3. Nordic Hotel Forum - tshast severnogo fasada narvskogo shosse / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2008-01-01

    Nordic Hotel Forum Viru väljak 3 Tallinnas. Arhitekt Indrek Allmann. Ehituse peatöövõtja AS Merko Ehitus. Indrek Allmann hoone arhitektuurist, fassaadigraafikast, linnaruumist hotelli ümber. 7 värv. välisvaadet, foto arhitektist

  4. Visions for Horizon 2020 from Copenhagen Research Forum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brenneche, Nicolaj Tofte; Højgaard, Liselotte

    2012-01-01

    In January 2012, the Copenhagen Research Forum (CRF) gathered 80 European scientists to discuss the societal chal-lenges to be addressed by Horizon 2020, the next framework programme for European research and innovation, and consider how research could contribute the best solutions. This EFP brief...

  5. The "VoiceForum" Platform for Spoken Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fynn, Fohn; Wigham, Chiara R.

    2011-01-01

    Showcased in the courseware exhibition, "VoiceForum" is a web-based software platform for asynchronous learner interaction in threaded discussions using voice and text. A dedicated space is provided for the tutor who can give feedback on a posted message and dialogue with the participants at a separate level from the main interactional…

  6. World Social Forum Activism in Belem and Beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Smythe

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A young man dressed as a clown shelters under our umbrella in the center of Belém in the downpour before the opening march begins while a group of people with painted bodies and feathered headdresses chant and charge up the middle as thousands of marchers push apart to let them pass to the front. The words “save the Amazon” are spelled out with human bodies. Union members are present in force, all donning shirts with their syndicate’s name and logo. All these scenes are just a small part of the kaleidoscope of images that are the World Social Forum in 2009. But what do they mean; and what does this most recent manifestation of the World Social Forum process tell us about this nine-year struggle to define an alternative vision to global neo-liberal capitalism? This article provides a brief reflection of nine years of Social Forum activism against the backdrop of the most recent World Social Forum held in the city of Belém, in the northeastern state of Para, Brazil from January 27-February 1, 2009.

  7. The CICIR Forum 2011 International Symposium: A Summary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Ji

    2011-01-01

    The CICIR Forum 2011 International Symposium was held between the 6th and the 1 lth of September 2011 at Hotel Nikko New Century in Beijing. The symposium's theme was "China and Asia: Prospects for Mutual Development". Nearly 100 scholars took part, with representatives from the U.S., France, Russia, Japan, South Korea, Mongolia, Pakistan,

  8. The Theory Forum: Teaching Social Theory through Interactive Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osnowitz, Debra; Jenkins, Kathleen E.

    2014-01-01

    Common concerns in required theory courses are student disengagement when encountering difficult texts and hesitation to engage in theorizing. To address these challenges, we have developed an interactive exercise, which we call the theory forum. Students work in groups to develop questions from the perspective(s) of one or more theorists, and…

  9. 3rd Session of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics

    CERN Document Server

    Gravitational wave astrophysics

    2015-01-01

    This book offers review chapters written by invited speakers of the 3rd Session of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics — Gravitational Waves Astrophysics. All chapters have been peer reviewed. The book goes beyond normal conference proceedings in that it provides a wide panorama of the astrophysics of gravitational waves and serves as a reference work for researchers in the field.

  10. Workshop report: Proceedings of the Rank Forum on Vitamin D

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lanham-New, S.A.; Buttriss, J.L.; Miles, L.M.; Ashwell, M.; Berry, J.L.; Boucher, B.J.; Cashman, K.D.; Cooper, C.; Darling, A.L.; Francis, R.M.; Fraser, W.D.; Groot, de C.P.G.M.; Hypponen, E.; Kiely, M.; Lamberg-Allardt, C.; Macdonald, H.M.; Martineau, A.R.; Masud, T.; Mavroeidi, A.; Nowson, C.; Prentice, A.; Stone, E.M.; Reddy, S.; Vieth, R.; Williams, M.

    2011-01-01

    The Rank Forum on Vitamin D was held on 2nd and 3rd July 2009 at the University of Surrey, Guildford, UK. The workshop consisted of a series of scene-setting presentations to address the current issues and challenges concerning vitamin D and health, and included an open discussion focusing on the id

  11. Types of Interaction in Online Discussion Forums: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khlaif, Zuheir; Nadiruzzaman, Hamid; Kwon, Kyungbin

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to identify the types of students' interaction, as well as their discussion patterns in an online course. The study took place in a large Midwestern University and 17 graduate students participated in the study. The primary data was obtained from students' discussion forum postings. The researchers used both…

  12. Standards-Based IEP: Implementation Update. inForum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahearn, Eileen

    2010-01-01

    In May 2006, Project Forum published a document entitled "Standards-Based IEPs: Implementation in Selected States" based on staff interviews in 18 states about their use of standards-based individualized education programs (IEPs). The definition of a standards-based IEP as presented in that document is: "a process and document that…

  13. Meeting Individual Needs with Young Learners. Online Forum Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westwood, Peter; Arnold, Wendy

    2004-01-01

    This is a summary of some of the issues raised in a recent online discussion forum organized by the IATEFL Young Learners' Special Interest Group. To mark the close working relationship between IATEFL and ELT Journal, and to give our readers access to these discussions, we are planning to publish more summaries of this kind from other IATEFL SIGs…

  14. First China-Japan Governors Forum Held in Tokyo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The First China-Japan Governors Forum jointly initiated and organized by the CPAFFC, the China-Japan Friendship Association and the Japan National Governors’ Association was held in Tokyo on April 18. Over 100 delegates took part. Key members of the Chinese Delegation

  15. National Issues Forums: Seniors/Community Connection. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Suzanne M.

    A project was conducted to incorporate the Kettering Foundation's National Issues Forums (NIFs) into two senior citizen centers in Pennsylvania. The NIFs provide a process for sharing thoughts and opinions about areas of pressing national concern in an open exchange of all participants' opinions. An inservice training of senior center staff on…

  16. National Information Infrastructure Education Forum: A summary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tonn, B.E.; Oliver, C.E.

    1994-05-01

    The National Information Infrastructure (NII) Education Forum was held on October 6-8, 1993, in Arlington, Virginia. The Forum was sponsored by the Office of Scientific Computing, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Its purpose was to discuss technology for K-12 education and what role DOE and its national laboratories could play in developing, disseminating, and using technology for K-12. The Forum brought together over 120 people from across the nation. Participants represented six groups: national laboratories; education research institutions; K-12 teachers and administrators; industry; federal agencies; and other institutions. The Forum consisted of a series of structured presentations from each of these six groups; technology demonstrations; and open, small group discussions. The presentations covered the following: important K-12 education and computing issues, national laboratory capabilities, other federal sector initiatives, and industry perspectives. The demonstration room had over 20 computers networked to the Internet. Workshop participants were shown (1) how to use the Internet to access resources anywhere in the world, (2) state-of-the-art network video teleconferencing technology, (3) multi-media technology, and (4) various other educational software systems.

  17. Proposed Federal Gun-Control Amendment. Student Forum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mertz, Gayle; Mertz, David

    1995-01-01

    Presents an outline for a student-run forum on a proposed federal gun control amendment. Procedures include mandatory reading assignments and researching the issue. Students role-play fictional representative characters and later facilitate discussions. Concludes with a vote on the amendment. (MJP)

  18. Talking Techne: Techniques to Establish an Active Online Discussion Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palenque, Stephanie Maher; DeCosta, Meredith

    2015-01-01

    Discussion forums are critically important to the online classroom, as they virtually take the place of a classroom discussion and become a stage on which active learning takes place. Active learning occurs when instructors practice certain techniques in the discussion that are carefully and thoughtfully crafted and guided. The authors propose the…

  19. EUROSAFE forum 2013. Safe disposal of nuclear waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-07-01

    The proceedings of the EUROSAFE forum 2013 - safe disposal of nuclear waste include contributions to the following topics: Nuclear installation safety - assessment; nuclear installation safety - research; waste and decommissioning - dismantling; radiation protection, 3nvironment and emergency preparedness; security of nuclear installations and materials.

  20. Mr. Du Points out China's Textile Future at ITMA Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Mr. Du Yuzhou, President of China National Textile and Apparel Council, a national confederation of textile organizations in China, is expected to give an impressive and insightful speech entitled "China's Future in the World Textile Industry" at ITMA World Textile Forum on 12 September in Munich at the invitation of Mr. A.E. Roberts, President of CEMATEX.

  1. China-Poland Local Cooperation Forum Held in Poland

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu; Yanxia

    2013-01-01

    <正>As a positive result of Premier Wen Jiabao’s visit to Poland in 2012,the CPAFFC and the provinces of Pomerania,West Pomerania and Lesser Poland co-sponsored the China-Poland Local Cooperation Forum in Gdansk,

  2. Forum Highlights Exchanges Between Chinese and Foreign Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    DURING the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women, the NGO Forum on Women made deep impressions upon Chinese women. A Chinese proverb says: "Three women make a play," you can imagine how warm, joyful and colorful the gathering of more than

  3. Second China-U.S. Governors Forum Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun; Tao

    2013-01-01

    <正>To implement the consensus reached by the State leaders, and advance exchanges and cooperation between local governments, the Second China-U.S. Governors Forum cosponsored by the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries and the National Governors Association of the U.S. was held in

  4. Social Relation Networks in UT-Online Community Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farisi, Mohammad Imam

    2012-01-01

    So far, the existence of a virtual community forum has become a reality and social necessity in an era cybertech. It was also viewed as the electronic frontier of 21st century society that was undoubtedly for reorganizing and redefining to awareness of human being, that ways of their perceptions and explorations no longer limited by time, space,…

  5. The Forum State of the Field Survey 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreutzer, Kim

    2012-01-01

    In the summer of 2011, the Forum on Education Abroad conducted its fourth State of the Field Survey. This survey is an annual or biannual assessment of the very latest trends and issues in the field of education abroad. As in the past, questions on new topics have been combined with questions that have been asked on previous State of the Field…

  6. Forum on Implementing Accessibility Frameworks for ALL Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, S.; Christensen, L.; Chartrand, A.; Shyyan, V.; Lazarus, S.; Thurlow, M.

    2015-01-01

    Sixty individuals representing staff from state departments of education, school districts, other countries, testing and testing-related companies, and other educational organizations participated in a forum on June 22, 2015 in San Diego, California, to discuss implementing accessibility frameworks for all students, including students in general…

  7. Nordic Hotel Forum - tshast severnogo fasada narvskogo shosse / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2008-01-01

    Nordic Hotel Forum Viru väljak 3 Tallinnas. Arhitekt Indrek Allmann. Ehituse peatöövõtja AS Merko Ehitus. Indrek Allmann hoone arhitektuurist, fassaadigraafikast, linnaruumist hotelli ümber. 7 värv. välisvaadet, foto arhitektist

  8. Consensus statement from the 2014 International Microdialysis Forum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hutchinson, Peter J; Jalloh, Ibrahim; Helmy, Adel

    2015-01-01

    application of cerebral microdialysis was published. Since then, there have been significant advances in the clinical use of microdialysis in neurocritical care. The objective of this review is to report on the International Microdialysis Forum held in Cambridge, UK, in April 2014 and to produce a revised...

  9. Developers@CERN Forums: It is about U and I

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    No, this is not the title of latest film of Meg Ryan, this is the third edition of the Developers@CERN forum! So If you want to here about the latest cutting edge technologies and techniques on User Interfaces this is your place. Be prepared for a good dose of discussions, code and a lot of fun!

  10. Visions for Horizon 2020 from Copenhagen Research Forum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brenneche, Nicolaj Tofte; Højgaard, Liselotte

    2012-01-01

    In January 2012, the Copenhagen Research Forum (CRF) gathered 80 European scientists to discuss the societal chal-lenges to be addressed by Horizon 2020, the next framework programme for European research and innovation, and consider how research could contribute the best solutions. This EFP brief...

  11. The Theory Forum: Teaching Social Theory through Interactive Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osnowitz, Debra; Jenkins, Kathleen E.

    2014-01-01

    Common concerns in required theory courses are student disengagement when encountering difficult texts and hesitation to engage in theorizing. To address these challenges, we have developed an interactive exercise, which we call the theory forum. Students work in groups to develop questions from the perspective(s) of one or more theorists, and…

  12. Mahatma Gandhi’s Doctrine of Ahimsa: Implication on Noted Filipino Students’ Values

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Maria Luisa A. Valdez

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This study generally aimed to analyze Mahatma Gandhi’s doctrine of ahimsa and its implication on noted Filipino students’ values. This paper employed the qualitative philosophical method of research in analyzing the tenets of ahimsa in the representative literary works chosen. This involved the science of textual criticism and hermeneutics supported by the researcher’s analysis and insights with reference to the content of the textsto bring about the philosophical treatment ofthe identified works. The analysis and interpretation revealed that: 1 Ahimsa refers to the principle of nonviolence based on the sacredness of all living creatures and an important tenet of ancient Indian religions specifically Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism; 2 Gandhi is one of the writer-thinkers who philosophizes that ahimsa is the ontological core of existence; 3 The salient points of the doctrine find their noblest expressions and exemplifications on his life and works; 4 While leading nationwide campaigns to ease the humanitarian issues of poverty, women’s rights, religious and ethnic harmony and injustices of the caste system which are quite evident in his works, Gandhi applied the principles of nonviolent civil disobedience, playing a key role in freeing India from foreign domination, (http://www.youthforhumanrights.org/voices-for-humanrights/champions/mahatma-gandhi.html and 5 Gandhi’s writings can inspire the Filipino students to turn to the transcendental diversion of humanity and to change the way they think and review their values through the tenets of literature supplied by the re-examined nonviolence advocate and his commitment to life here and thereafter.

  13. [Pharmacy as a means of propagating the Lutherian doctrine of justification].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krafft, Fritz

    2003-09-01

    Pharmacy serving to propagate the Lutherian doctrine of justification: "Christus as a pharmacist" is an interconfessional, but confessionally differentiated symbolic motif (Sinnbildmotiv) of Christian folklore art in German-speaking countries. The article investigates the sociocultural conditions and prerequisites (German bible translation, religion and confession, piety, pharmacy, chymiatry, chemistry, apothecary training and status) for transfering the old metaphor and idea of Christ as a physician to the new vision of Christ as a apothecary who prepares and dispenses his heavenly medicine all by himself. In the early 17th century (especially in the 1610's) these requirements were fulfilled, so that the oldest known witness to this motif transfer (picturing the so-called Heilandsruf of Matthew 11, 28), a genre picture of 1619, will be the first pictural version of this motif in general. It was created by the protestant Painter Mich(a)el Herr of Nuremberg. In the abstract and reduced form of a devotional picture this motif then became widespread in churches and vicarages, in monasteries and their apothecaries as well as in private houses (with small altars: Herrgottswinkel). The oldest yet known examples are works from around 1630. For the first time during the Thirty Year's War, it served in this form for propagating the Lutherian justification doctrine (now referring to Jesaja 55, 1), saying that the belief in Christ is enough to be released from all sins (sola fide). Around 1650, as a reaction to that, a catholic version of the devotional picture was created, claiming and picturing that in contrast eucharist is the highest and real, healing medium' of Christ to redemption. All pictures of this version avoid quoting Jesaja 55, 1, whereas all protestant pictures quote this verse from the Bible word-for-word.

  14. [The reception of Franz Joseph Gall's doctrine on phrenology in Holland shortly after 1800].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiningen, T

    1997-01-01

    Between 1800 and 1810 Gall's 'Hersen-Schedelleer' [= doctrine on phrenology] received increasing attention in Holland, just as it did in Germany and France. Gall had tried to connect visible human skull marks with brain anatomy, brain functioning and behaviour, a relationship in which he also compared man and animal. Scientists as well as people in non-scientific circles tried to find an answer to the question to what extent Gall's ideas on human brain anatomy and the development of the skull in relation to behaviour were acceptable. Besides there was a growing interest in the possible consequences of Gall's theory for moral life. However, Gall's doctrine was largely based on unproved and unprovable assumptions. Gall's visit to Holland, in the early spring of 1806, had a polarizing effect on supporters and adversaries, as it had had in Germany. In Holland Gerard Vrolik, professor at the Amsterdam Athenaeum Illustre, published the first treatise on this subject, in which he revealed himself to be a hesitant and prudent supporter of Gall's theories. From early 1804 Jacob Eliza Doornik, physician and scientist, and Martinus Stuart, theologist and historian, played a leading part in the discussion on this subject. The former opposed all aspects of Gall's theory. The latter - contrary to what one would expect - supported Gall in every way, with both regard to his explanation of brain anatomy and physiology and to his views on the relationship between the shape of the brain and the development of the skull. Remarkably he accepted Gall's materialism and rejected his fatalism. We can only explain Stuart's defence of Gall's moral views supposing he considered these in a religious framework. In Stuart's conviction God had given man a certain tendency to evil which man has to accept as a necessity in the fight against evil and the search for good. ...

  15. Theory of defamation in the doctrine of honor and dignity protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komissarova E.G.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A significant growth of interest in the issue of protection of honor and dignity as personal intangible benefits is recently caused by two key acts: Federal Law of July 2, 2013 N 142 “On amendments to subsection 3 of section I of the first part of the RF Civil Code” and decision of the RF Constitutional Court of July 9, 2013 N 18 “On the case about verification of the constitutionality of the provisions of paragraphs 1, 5, 6 of Article 152 of the RF Civil Code in connection with the complaint of a citizen E.V. Krylov”. Further humanization of the civil law, its corresponding with human rights, as well as legislator’s wish to eliminate the backlog in regulations of relations on the protection of personal intangible benefits are obvious. The ongoing legislative changes became associated with the theory of defamation. A lot of defamation terms, relating to personal intangible benefits and characterizing the corresponding behavior, tort, doctrine, offence, appeared in the Russian jurisprudence. The phrase “defamation law” is more frequently used, but its logical-semantic boundaries, methodological guidelines and branch are not yet clear. Most of the provisions of the defamation theory are taken for granted, while the theory itself dates back to pre-revolutionary (bourgeois – for the Soviet jurisprudence law and is undergoing a significant transformation currently. The need for theoretical elaboration of the defamation doctrine as applied to the new conditions of its practical application is substantiated. Therefore the necessary methodological guidelines are considered in the article.

  16. The Legal Regime of Public Procurement Contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasilica Negruţ

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Within this paper we resume a topic widely debated in the specialized literature and always topical, by the implications that it has on the development of public administration and satisfying the general interests. The changes brought to the special legislation led, by identifying certain features, in determining the legal nature of the procurement contract, i.e. the administrative contract. In Romania, this notion is not fully established, although it is recognized by most of doctrinaires. In this paper we intend to identify by analyzing the legislation, the doctrine and jurisprudence, the elements that lead to the integration of public procurement contract in the category of administrative contract.

  17. Starship Asterisk: APOD and General Astronomy Discussion Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemiroff, Robert J.

    2011-01-01

    A main discussion venue for the popular Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) website has been recently redesigned and upgraded. The online bulletin board is directly linked from the bottom of recent APODs served from http://apod.nasa.gov/ . Formerly known as "The Asterisk," the site's new design is called "Starship Asterisk" and now declares its forums to be places on a starship, with the current APOD considered as appearing on the main view screen on the Bridge. A central "mission" of Starship Asterisk is to support APOD in various ways. Toward this end, the Bridge forum exists primarily for the (archived) discussion of that day's APOD, the Observation Deck forum facilitates APOD image submissions, and the Library creates a forum where no student question about astronomy is considered to be too easy or too hard. Additionally, Starship Asterisk now includes an astronomy news-oriented links forum titled the Communications Center, a citizen science-oriented links collection called the Science Labs, and classrooms including a free online, textbook-free Astro 101 course, taught by the author, complete with video lectures and powerpoint slides. Typically, over 1,000 astronomy enthusiasts will browse Starship Asterisk on any given day. Although the vast majority of readers prefer to browse anonymously, the site has now garnered over 60,000 posts. A small but dedicated group of volunteer "officers" administer the bulletin board, answer questions about astronomy from curious APOD readers, and openly discuss various astronomy topics, frequently with intended humor. Perhaps surprisingly, the majority of volunteer officers tend NOT to be professional astronomers, but typically quite knowledgeable retirees exercising a lifelong interest in astronomy.

  18. Forum: The Lecture and Student Learning. Rethinking Lecture-Learning from Communicative Lenses: A Response to Forum Essays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buzzanell, Patrice M.

    2017-01-01

    This response discusses why the essays in this forum are of particular interest for instructors in light of recent articles in "The Chronicle of Higher Education" and trends in student populations and higher education. "The Chronicle" recently featured several articles on innovative ways to "shake up the lecture" that…

  19. Women's Forum: Gender, Language and Critical Literacy (Manly, Sydney, Australia, April 7-9, 1994). Forum Papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Technology Univ., Sydney (Australia).

    These 12 papers reflect the range of issues and perspectives discussed at a forum that addressed three main topics: what a feminist critical literacy pedagogy is; a gender perspective of policy, organizations, and teachers' work; and concepts and practices of equity and inclusivity. The papers are as follows: "Questioning 'Progressive' Pedagogies"…

  20. Global Forum on Skills for Work and Life: Post 2015 (Bonn, Germany, October 14-16, 2014). Global Forum Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The UNESCO-UNEVOC Global Forum "Skills for Work and Life Post-2015" took up the vital topics of youth, skills and greening TVET in the context of the post-2015 development agenda. 2015 marks the end of the Education for All (EFA) initiative, and global and regional debates are sharpening the focus of discussions geared towards setting…