WorldWideScience

Sample records for public elected officials

  1. Gender and support for expert advisers and elected officials in the US public sphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Timothy L

    2016-04-25

    This article uses data from the US General Social Survey to examine the relationship between gender and support for different forms of cultural authority. An analysis of public attitudes about expert advisers and elected officials involved in policy decisions related to science reveals that women assign more influence than men to experts in decisions about global warming and stem cell research but not genetically modified food. In contrast, men assign more influence than women to elected leaders across policy domains. Importantly, gender differences in support for expert advisers and elected leaders are independent of variation in more general attitudes about science and politics. Overall, this article suggests that there are underlying differences in men's and women's attitudes about cultural authority and it highlights the importance of gender in understanding the political legitimacy of scientists in the United States. © The Author(s) 2016.

  2. Romanticizing Bureaucratic Leadership? The Politics of How Elected Officials Attribute Responsibility for Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Poul A.; Moynihan, Donald P.

    2016-01-01

    A core task for elected officials is to hold bureaucratic leaders responsible, but how do they determine if public managers actually influence outcomes? We propose that partisan and leadership heuristics affect how politicians apply a logic of individualized responsibility, i.e. focus on individu...

  3. Romanticizing Bureaucratic Leadership? The Politics of How Elected Officials Attribute Responsibility for Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Poul A.; Moynihan, Donald P.

    2017-01-01

    A core task for elected officials is to hold bureaucratic leaders responsible, but how do they determine if public managers actually influence outcomes? We propose that partisan and leadership heuristics affect how politicians apply a logic of individualized responsibility, i.e. focus on individu...

  4. The emotional intelligence of transformational leaders: a field study of elected officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbuto, John E; Burbach, Mark E

    2006-02-01

    Participants were 80 elected public officials in the United States and 3-6 direct-report staffers for each leader. Together they composed 388 leader-member dyads. The authors surveyed them to explore the relationship between emotional intelligence and transformational leadership. The authors considered the 80 officials as leaders and the staffers as members. The present results showed that the emotional intelligence of the leaders shared significant variance with self-perceptions and rater-perceptions of transformational leadership. The present results also somewhat support the predictive value of emotional intelligence in antecedent leadership field research.

  5. Freedom of Expression: Criticising Public Officials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Re'em Segev

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    In what follows, I summarise an argument against prohibitions on freedom of speech with regard to criticism directed at public officials – namely, every person who has a legal power in an institution of the state, including the legislative branch (particularly parliament member, the judiciary (particularly judges and the executive branch (including, for example, prosecutes, police officers – and public institutions (rather than a public official at the institution and the government in general (rather than a specific institution. Such criticism can include, for example, claims regarding the morality or legality of actions of public officials (for example, a claim that a police officer is corrupt, their qualifications (for example, a claim that a judge is lazy, or the efficiency of a certain institution (for example, the army. I argue that there are strong considerations in favour of criticising the performance of public officials (and institutions, and especially against legal (and particularly criminal limitations on such criticism, and relatively weak considerations against this criticism, especially with regard to legal (and particularly criminal limitations on criticising public officals.


  6. Fiscal Transparency, Elections and Public Employment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aaskoven, Lasse

    2016-01-01

    There is considerable variation in levels and changes in public employment within and between developed democracies. This article highlights the importance of fiscal transparency in determining changes in public employment. It argues that economic growth increases public employment under low fiscal...... transparency and that this effect is strongest in years of election. These hypotheses are tested on a panel of 20 OECD countries from 1995 to 2010. The analyses show substantial evidence in favor of the arguments. Fiscal transparency lowers the positive effect of growth on public employment, a relationship...

  7. Seeking Election: Evaluating a Campaign for Public School Board Trusteeship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Robin

    2011-01-01

    Canadian public school board trustees are generally chosen by way of public ballot in civic elections. A comparison of board governance literature to a local narrative account of public school board elections exposes several gaps between espoused democratic ideals and the realities of public engagement in trustee selection. I investigate the…

  8. How Many Election Officials Does It Take to Change an Election?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, P. Y. A.

    Electronic voting technologies have been quite widely deployed in a number of democracies. In the US for example, approximately 30% of the electorate used Direct Recorded Electronic (DRE) machines in the 2004 and 2008 presidential election. These systems have come in for significant criticism leading many experts to conclude that all digital technology used in voting must be flawed. While these critiques are fully justified and documented, to conclude that all voting technology must be irredeemably flawed is not in our view justified. The purpose of this note is to argue that, while it is undoubtedly true that careless introduction of information technology can undermine democracy, high assurance, verifiable voting schemes do exist and are worthy of serious consideration. Furthermore, such verifiable schemes can provide higher levels of trustworthiness than traditional pencil and paper, hand counting systems. The challenge remains to convince the various stakeholders of the trustworthiness of such schemes.

  9. Graft and Corruption Practices Among Selected Public Officials in Mindanao, Southern Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amer Husain L. Laut

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the graft and corruption practices among selected public officials in southern Philippines. The study is qualitative in nature making use of case study method in which an in-depth analysis of primary data obtained from eight informants, four of whom are town mayors and their four incumbent municipal treasurers, is employed. The findings revealed that the mayor informants got elected through vote buying and bribery. Politics and family matters intersect as informants are supported by their families during election who used guns, gold and goons to ensure election victory. The clannish nature of the community finds expression also in the selection of relatives in municipal employment and in accessing municipal resources. The most prevalent corruption practice disclosed by the informants is amassing the internal revenue allotment (IRA for personal purposes in order to recover the huge amount of money spent during election. Other types of corruption practices also include falsification of documents, nepotism, bribery, kickbacks, and evasion of public bidding. These public officials also do not seem to perform official duties in their towns as they live outside of their municipalities. Inter-agency involvement of corruption among different government agencies in the areas studied are also uncovered. Moreover, the perceived negative effects of corruption are manifested in the poor delivery of the community’s basic social services in health, water supply, education, and security protection. Corruption also adversely affects the construction of community infrastructure facilities and the establishment of an equitable and solid economic base. The study has implications to the strict policy implementation of the provisions of the 1991 Local Government Code of the Philippines, The Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act, and other pertinent laws in order to improve the transparency, integrity and accountability of public officials

  10. Mexican Public Opinion in the aftermath of the 2006 Elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Moreno

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, I analyze public opinion about the 2006 Mexican presidential election in the context of the post–election conflict. My goal is to determine which individual–level variables influenced opinions about the post–election conflict. The analysis focuses on individual positions about the election fairness, confidence in the electoral Tribunal, claims for a full recount, and the public's stands on street protests and mobilization, among others. I use the Mexican component of the Comparative National Election Project (CNEP, conducted for the first time in Mexico in 2006 as a two–wave, preelection and postelection, panel design. The results highlight the importance of political predispositions in the analysis of public opinion in Mexico.

  11. Keeping Public Officials Accountable through Dialogue: Resolving the Accountability Paradox.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Nancy C.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses Harmon's Accountability Paradox in relation to the accountability of public officials. Promotes the use of dialogue because its advantage outweighs its cost as a mechanism of accountability when officials confront problems that defy definition and solution and when traditional solution methods have failed. (Contains 54 references.) (JOW)

  12. Local Government Leadership Education: Measuring the Impact of Leadership Skill Development on Public Officials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Gregory A.; Lucente, Joe

    2012-01-01

    Many Extension leadership development programs have been evaluated for effectiveness. Little literature exists focusing on the evaluation of leadership development programs involving elected and appointed local officials. This article describes an annual program involving elected and appointed local officials and shares quantitative and…

  13. Corruption as a 'white-collar crime': International legal instruments on public accountability of public officials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dokmanović Mirjana

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Corruption within public services has devastated negative impact on a state, a society, its economy and its citizens. It represents a major threat to the rule of law, democracy, enjoyment of human rights, fairness and social justice. It hinders economic development and endangeres sustainable development, empowerishes national economies, and facilitates the emergence of other threats, such as organized crime. Fighting corruption has become more urgent than ever. This paper deals with the public liability of domestic public officials, highlighting the substantive main international standards for fighting corruption in public services in the international legal instruments adopted by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, such as the United Nations Conventions against Corruption, and the two Convention of Council of Europe, on Civil Law and on Criminal Law. The paper argues that corruption can be prosecuted after the fact, but first and foremost it requires prevention. Preventive policies include the establishment of anti-corruption bodies and enhanced transparency in the financing of election campaigns and political parties. States must endeavour to ensure that their public services are subject to safeguards that promote efficiency, transparency and recruitment based on merit. Once recruited, public servants should be subject to codes of conduct, requirements for financial and other disclosures, and appropriate disciplinary measures. Transparency and accountability in matters of public finance must also be promoted, and specific requirements are established for the prevention of corruption in particularly critical areas of the public sector such as the judiciary and public procurement. Those who use public services must expect a high standard of conduct from their public servants. Preventing public corruption also requires an effort from all members of society at large.

  14. Public Opinion Polls and Experts in Election News

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guðbjörg Hildur Kolbeins

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available By employing the theoretical framework of framing, the present paper attempts to examine the Icelandic media’s coverage of the 2013 parliamentary election by paying particular attention to coverage of public opinion polls and the policies of the political parties, i.e. the “horse-race” frame and the issue frame, and to examine media’s reliance on experts for interpretation of election news. Seven online news media, two newspapers, two radio stations and two television channels were monitored for 25 days prior to Election Day, i.e. from April 2 to April 26, 2013, - resulting in 1377 election news stories. The findings show, for example, that 29.8% of all the election news stories had public opinion polls as their primary angle while 12% of the stories were primarily issue-oriented. In addition, the media rely on experts for interpretation of the polls; five of the 10 most interviewed or quoted sources on public opinion surveys were political science experts who were affiliated with universities. Finally, news coverage of polls was generally amplified as media outlets had a tendency to report on public opinion polls that were commissioned by other media.

  15. Official Feasts and Carnivals: Student Writing and Public Ritual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heilker, Paul

    2001-01-01

    Considers how students' texts are rituals that should both sanction existing truths and consecrate inventive freedom. Notes that in teaching writing, educators limit students' development by training them to practice only one kind of public ritual: the "official feast" of thesis-and-support writing. (SG)

  16. Primary and secondary analysis of local elected officials' decisions to support or oppose pharmacy sale of syringes in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Backes, Glenn; Rose, Valerie J

    2010-07-01

    , or proved that syringe access would not work in reducing rates of disease. Themes held in common by proponents and opponents of NPSS were identified as well. Syringe access through NPSS is in fact supported by a robust body of public health research and is considered an important component of a comprehensive strategy to reduce HIV and hepatitis transmission. Our study highlights the importance of understanding the perspectives of elected officials in order to ameliorate their concerns without undermining the public health goal of reducing death, disease, and suffering in at-risk communities.

  17. Are elected health boards an effective mechanism for public participation in health service governance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauld, Robin

    2010-12-01

    There is growing interest in the idea of elected members on health service governing boards as a means to induce public participation in planning and decision making, yet studies of elected boards are limited. Whether elected boards are an effective mechanism for public participation remains unclear. This article discusses the experiences of New Zealand where, since 2001, there have been three sets of elections for District Health Boards. Information on candidates and election results is presented along with data gathered via post-election voter surveys. The article also considers the broader regulatory context within which the elected boards must operate. The New Zealand experience illustrates that elected health boards may not be an effective mechanism for public participation. Voter turnout has declined since the inaugural elections of 2001, and non-voters form the majority. Reasons for not voting include failure to receive voting papers, a lack of interest, or no knowledge of elections. The elections have also failed to produce minority representation, while the capacity for elected members to represent their communities is subject to constraints. On the upside, elections have enabled public involvement in various dimensions of participation, including oversight and processes of governance. New Zealand's mixed performance suggests that elected boards may need to be complemented with other participatory channels, if increased public participation is the goal. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  18. 78 FR 34384 - The President's Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-07

    ... ADMINISTRATION The President's Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting Notice. SUMMARY: The President's Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  19. 78 FR 55079 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meetings AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting notice. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  20. 78 FR 45200 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-26

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting Notice. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  1. 78 FR 35272 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: M eeting notice. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  2. 78 FR 64942 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-30

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting AGENCY: Office of Government-Wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting notice. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  3. 78 FR 69416 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting AGENCY: Office of Government-Wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting Notice. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  4. 78 FR 38042 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting; Correction AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting notice; correction. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA),...

  5. 78 FR 52531 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting Notice. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  6. Land Use Planning: Attitudes and Behavior of Elected Officials and Their Constituents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albrecht, Stan L.; Geertsen, H. Reed

    1978-01-01

    Examines a statewide sample of Utah residents and their elected state representatives in terms of their respective support of land use planning over several months before, during, and after the defeat of a state land use act. Finds that models developed from classic democratic theory are generally ineffective in accounting for the relationships…

  7. Official publications of the Ministry of Mining and Power Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1986-01-01

    A review is presented of publications issued by the Ministry since 1980. The following publications are evaluated: Gornictwo i Energetyka monthly (issued since 1984, official information on mining, power industry, energy policy of Poland), Vademecum ochrony i ksztaltowania srodowiska w resorcie gornictwa i energetyki (Environmental protection in mining and power industry, Warsaw, 1982, 1983, 1985 with data on environmental protection and a review of regulations), Zbior przepisow o stopniach gorniczych (Regulations on mining degrees, Warsaw, 1983), Rocznik statystyczny Ministerstwa Gornictwa i Energetyki 1984 (Statistical Yearbook of the Ministry of Mining and Power Industry 1984, covers 1981, 1982, 1983), Statystyka przemyslu weglowego w Polsce (Statistics of coal industry in Poland, confidential material), Statystyka rozwoju elektroenergetyki polskiej (Statistics of power industry development in Poland). A further 10 publications issued by the Ministry cover economic problems of the coal industry and power generation as well as regulations issued by the Ministry.

  8. Elective ventilation for organ donation: law, policy and public ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coggon, John

    2013-03-01

    This paper examines questions concerning elective ventilation, contextualised within English law and policy. It presents the general debate with reference both to the Exeter Protocol on elective ventilation, and the considerable developments in legal principle since the time that that protocol was declared to be unlawful. I distinguish different aspects of what might be labelled elective ventilation policies under the following four headings: 'basic elective ventilation'; 'epistemically complex elective ventilation'; 'practically complex elective ventilation'; and 'epistemically and practically complex elective ventilation'. I give a legal analysis of each. In concluding remarks on their potential practical viability, I emphasise the importance not just of ascertaining the legal and ethical acceptability of these and other forms of elective ventilation, but also of assessing their professional and political acceptability. This importance relates both to the successful implementation of the individual practices, and to guarding against possible harmful effects in the wider efforts to increase the rates of posthumous organ donation.

  9. Legal Status Of The Election Organizer Ethics Council An Analysis Of Indonesian Election Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardin

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to identify and to analyze the legal status of the Election Organizer Ethics Council in the General Election in Indonesia. This research is a normative research by using statute approach official records and the judges verdict which is then described qualitatively. These results indicate that the legal status of the Election Organizer Ethics Council in the general election in Indonesia as supporting organ that serves to uphold ethics rule of ethics and guarding democracy. The authority of Election Organizer Ethics Council in the general election in Indonesia sometimes out of authority. Ideal concept of the legal status of the Election Organizer Ethics Council in general elections was as supporting organ which have the infrastructure secretary general and administrative staff so it has a public legal entity as similar to the Election organizers serve as code of ethics enforcement agencies code of ethics and can equated to other state institutions.

  10. 26 CFR 12.3 - Investment credit, public utility property elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Investment credit, public utility property... Investment credit, public utility property elections. (a) Elections—(1) In general. Under section 46(e... section 50 and is— (i) Public utility property within the meaning of section 46(c)(3)(B) (other...

  11. The Private Lives of Public Officials: Can the Right of Privacy Survive the First Amendment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKerns, Joseph P.

    The right of privacy versus the public's right to know as protected by the First Amendment is discussed in this paper. A formula is suggested based on Alexander Meiklejohn's interpretation that information about any individual, either a public official or a private person, would be protected as part of the public domain of knowledge if it is…

  12. DOE role in nuclear policies and programs: official transcript of public briefing, December 13, 1977

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1978-02-01

    The record for the first of the public briefings in the Consumer Information Series scheduled by the Department of Energy is presented. The series presents, for public information and discussion, those DOE policies and programs of specific interest to consumers and public interest groups. In the first meeting DOE officials responded to questions from the public on the DOE role in nuclear policies and programs.

  13. Utility rate structuring. Official transcript of public briefing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-06-01

    Sam Hughes, Assistant Secretary for Intergovernmental and Institutional Relations, DOE, made the introductions at the public briefing on electric rate structuring, February 28, 1978 in Washington, D.C. Ms. Tina Hobson served as moderator. A panel of experts on energy issues responded to questions that consumer and public interest groups raised about energy issues, particularly electric rate structures. DOE panel members were: David Bordin, Charles Curtis, Robert R. Nordhaus, Hazel R. Rollins, and Douglas C. Bauer. Thirty-six questions previously submitted by consumer and public interest groups are listed and the answers prepared by DOE program offices are published in Appendix A. After the briefing, the questions posed at the meeting are re-examined and detailed answers are published by DOE program offices.

  14. 38 CFR 3.714 - Improved pension elections-public assistance beneficiaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Improved pension elections-public assistance beneficiaries. 3.714 Section 3.714 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation...

  15. High Turnover Among State Health Officials/Public Health Directors: Implications for the Public's Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halverson, Paul K; Lumpkin, John R; Yeager, Valerie A; Castrucci, Brian C; Moffatt, Sharon; Tilson, Hugh

    State health officials (SHOs) serve a critical role as the leaders of state public health systems. Despite their many responsibilities, there is no formal process for preparation to become an SHO, and few requirements influence the selection of an SHO. Furthermore, to date, no studies have examined SHO tenure or their experiences. This study examines SHO tenure over time and the relationship between SHO tenure and organizational and state attributes. This longitudinal study employed primary data on SHOs and secondary data from the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials on organizational attributes of state public health agencies. This study examines SHOs within the United States. SHOs who served in years 1980-2017. Annual average SHO tenure; average SHO tenure by state. In the 38 years of this study, 508 individuals served as SHOs in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The average tenure over this period was 4.1 years, with a median tenure of 2.9 years. During the study period, almost 20% of SHOs served terms of 1 year or less. A total of 32 SHOs (32/508 or 6.3%) served for 10 years or longer. Excluding SHOs who served 10 years or longer (n = 32 SHOs who had a collective 478 years of tenure) reduces the average term in office to 3.5 years. The average number of new SHOs per year is 12.3. SHOs appointed by a board of health averaged more than 8 years in office compared with averages just under 4 years for those appointed by governors or secretaries of state agencies. There are notable differences in SHO tenure across states. Future research is needed to further examine SHO tenure, effectiveness, job satisfaction, transitions, and the relationship between SHOs and state health. It may be valuable to expand on opportunities for new SHOs to learn from peers who have moderate to long tenures as well as SHO alumni. Given that average SHO tenure is approximately 4 years and that an SHO could be thrust into the national spotlight at a moment's notice

  16. Problems of Understanding between Immigrants and Officials at Public Authorities in Argentina and Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Katharina

    2012-01-01

    In conversations between immigrants and officials, problems of understanding are often noticeable. About 280 recordings realised at the Argentine Aliens' Department and at several public authorities in Germany show that knowledge divergences regarding linguistic, cultural and institutional knowledge result in (sometimes grave) difficulties of…

  17. Tax compliance in Indonesia: the role of public officials as taxpayers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rahman, Abdul

    2017-01-01

    This thesis addresses the problem of low tax compliance in Indonesia, focusing on the role of public officials as taxpayers. Through the analysis of literature and policy documents, we identified four main factors affecting tax compliance: modernized tax administration system (MTAS), tax sanctions,

  18. Are public officials really less satisfied than private sector workers?A comparative study in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Borges

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to compare the public and private sectors with regard to satisfaction at work. We conducted a survey with 670 professionals from both sectors in Brazil. The results of variance analysis confirm previous researches indicating that public officials are less satisfied with their work than private sector workers. However, this result does not repeat when we evaluate the satisfaction dimensions. For instance, public officials reported being more satisfied than private sector workers with regard to social environment and work stability. Unexpectedly, the results suggest that there is no difference between these sectors when we analyze the satisfaction with supervision. Therefore, this article is relevant for Brazilian managers, by offering an empirical research on the distinction between public and private. The article also discusses the theoretical implications, since Brazilian findings do not completely support the international literature.

  19. Electoral impact of public policies Case Study: Elections as an instrument of civic participation in public policies in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.Sc. Ibrahim Gashi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Being aware of the role of electoral systems as the most important mechanisms of fostering political interaction in a political system of a certain democratic society, it is our intention to study and theoretically and practically analyze the establishment and functioning of the electoral system in Kosovo, in the temporal context of the last decade. Before that thought, several standard theoretical modalities attributable to electoral systems are to be set, with a view of explaining the role and functions of the electoral systems in consolidating basic attributes of a mature democracy. In our case studies, amongst the most important attributes under analysis are: elections, as an instrument of civil participation in public policies. Furthermore, in studying the function of elections, we shall make efforts to elaborate on the level of political culture in Kosovo, creation of authority and legitimacy, and the extent of maturity of Kosovar society itself. Since Kosovo has been under international administration for more than ten years, the analysis of the electoral system in Kosovo is found to be sui generis, and this fact allows for an extraordinary understanding of the role of elections as an instrument of citizens for participating in public policies and public life in Kosovo. In attaining such goals, we shall focus on the analysis of all cycles of elections held in Kosovo since 2001, and up to the constitutional reforms ongoing related to electoral reforms in Kosovo.

  20. Resouce recovery option in solid-waste management: a review guide for public officials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nemeth, D M

    1981-04-01

    The purposes of this document are to: serve as a guide for public-works directors and others interested in implementing resource-recovery systems; and (2) provide background material that can be used in presenting information on resource-recovery systems to city managers, mayors, legislative bodies, and citizen advisory groups. It raises some issues of which local communities must be aware before developing resource-recovery systems. Additionally, the document: (1) focuses on possible institutional problems that may arise in planning waste-to-energy systems and presents some solutions and alternatives, and (2) serve public-works officials as a reference for other publications on resource-recovery systems. It will aid public-works officials in the decision-making process concerning the implementation of waste-to-energy systems. Members of the public works profession who are fully aware of all the implementation procedures involved with resource-recovery systems can best decide if this is a feasible solid-waste-management option for their community.

  1. Science literacy programs for K-12 teachers, public officials, news media and the public. Final report, 1994--1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    On 12 July 94, The Institute for Science and Society received the above titled grant for $300,000 with an additional $323,000 awarded 14 August 95. The Institute completed the programs provided by the Department of Energy grant on 28 February 97. These programs for teachers, public officials, news media and the public will continue through 31 December 97 with funding from other sources. The Institute is a non-profit 501-c-3 corporation. It was organized {open_quotes}... to help increase science literacy in all segments of the population and contribute to a more rational atmosphere than now exists for the public consideration of societal issues involving science and technology, both regional and national.{close_quotes} Institute personnel include the Honorable Mike McCormack, Director; Joan Harris, Associate Director; Kim Freier, Ed.D, Program Manager; and Sharon Hunt, Executive Secretary.

  2. Critical Transitions in Public Opinion: A Case Study of American Presidential Election

    CERN Document Server

    Chung, Ning Ning; Lai, Choy Heng

    2016-01-01

    At the tipping point, it is known that small incident can trigger dramatic societal shift. Getting early-warning signals for such changes are valuable to avoid detrimental outcomes such as riots or collapses of nations. However, it is notoriously hard to capture the processes of such transitions in the real-world. Here, we demonstrate the occurrence of a major shift in public opinion in the form of political support. Instead of simple swapping of ruling parties, we study the regime shift of a party popularity based on its attractiveness by examining the American presidential elections during 1980-2012. A single irreversible transition is detected in 1991. Once a transition happens, recovery to the original level of attractiveness does not bring popularity of the political party back. Remarkably, this transition is corroborated by tell-tale early-warning signature of critical slowing down. Our approach is applicable to shifts in public attitude within any social system.

  3. Public Sphere - Political Advertisement Relationship in Turkey: Analysing Political Advertisements of JDP in General Elections 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdal Dağtaş

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Public sphere is a social space, open to active individual access and free discussion, rescued from state intervention, where communicative action free from violence and individual benefits is undertaken; and rational-critical discourse is built. Political advertisement is the type advertising which aims at directing voters or the government to a particular action, having them adopt a certain view or approach. The concept of political advertising emerged with the practice of using commercial advertising techniques to promote a party, candidate or an idea. Justice and Development Party (JDP, has been ruling Turkey since 2002. The leader of the party is Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. It is a conservative party and has carried out some practices that could be regarded as negative. Anti-secular attitudes are also among these practices. Thus, analysing the political advertisements of JDP has proved to be interesting. Public sphere studies are mostly conducted through news stories and columns in media. In that sense, it is significant to analyse political advertisements in terms of public sphere. In this study, the political advertisements of the ruling Justice and Development Party (JDP in the process of Turkish General Parliamentary Election, 2011 have been analysed. The political advertisements in question have been analysed via Sabah newspaper. The reason for choosing Sabah is that it supports JDP as an example of partisan press. The samples have been taken from 2 weeks before the elections. Accordingly, as a full-page advertisement is published every day, 14 political advertisement analyses have been conducted in total. Political advertisements have been analysed using qualitative text analysis. As the study follows the path of public place-political advertising relationship, it finds meaning in itself.

  4. Transformational leadership in the South African public service after the April 2009 national elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manasseh M. Mokgolo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The implementation of transformational leadership in public services after national elections has been well recorded in other parts of the world. However, this is not the case in South Africa. Research purpose: The purpose of the study is to determine whether transformational leadership has a beneficial relationship with subordinate leadership acceptance, job performance and job satisfaction.Motivation for the study: Leadership is a critical issue that the public sector needs to address in order to survive and succeed in today’s unstable environment. According to Groenewald and Ashfield (2008, transformational leadership could reduce the effects of uncertainty and change that comes with new leaders and help employees to achieve their objectives.Research design, approach and method: The sample comprised 1050 full-time employees in the public sector based in head offices. The measuring instruments included the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ, the Leadership Acceptance Scale (LAS, the Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS and the Job Performance Survey (JPS.Main findings: Transformational leadership had a positive correlation with subordinate leadership acceptance, performance and job satisfaction.Practical/managerial implications: Managers can train public sector leaders to be transformational leaders because of the adverse effect lack of transformation can have on employees’ attitudes in areas like satisfaction, performance and commitment.Contribution/value-add: This study makes an important contribution to our understanding of transformational leadership processes and to how the public service can improve its practices in order to render quality service to South Africans.

  5. Chains, Shops and Networks: Official Statistics and the Creation of Public Value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asle Rolland

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper concerns offi cial statistics, particularly as produced by the NSIs. Their contribution to the society is considered well captured by the concept of public value. Official statistics create value for the democracy as foundation for evidence-based politics. Democracies and autocracies alike need statistics to govern the public. Unique for the democracy is the need of statistics to govern the governors, for which the independence of the NSI is crucial. Three ways of creating public value are the value chain, the value shop and the value network. The chain is appropriate for the production, the shop for the interpretation and the network for the dissemination of statistics. Automation reduces the need to rely on the value chain as core business model. Thereto automation increases the statistical output, which in turn increases the need of shop and network activities. Replacing the chain with the shop as core model will elevate the NSIs from commodity producers to a processing industry.

  6. Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Saff Association

    2013-01-01

    2013 Elections to Staff Council   Vote! Make your voice heard and be many to elect the new Staff Council. More details on the elections can be found on the Staff Association web site (https://ap-vote.web.cern.ch/elections-2013).   Timetable elections Monday 28 October to Monday 11 November, 12:00 am voting Monday 18 and Monday 25 November, publication of the results in Echo Tuesday 19 November, Staff Association Assizes Tuesday 3 December, first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure is monitored by the Election Committee.

  7. Official and Vernacular Public History: Historical Anniversaries and Commemorations in Newcastle, NSW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Eklund

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The city of Newcastle commemorated two bicentenaries within the space of seven years. In 2004, the city marked 200 years since the permanent establishment of the settlement on 30 March 1804. But 2004 was not the city’s first bicentennial. In 1997, Newcastle celebrated the 1797 journey of Lieutenant John Shortland, who named and sketched the Hunter River and brought back samples of coal to Sydney. These anniversaries, and earlier ones such as Newcastle’s centennial in 1897 and its sesqui-centennial in 1947, were crucial moments of history making in the public sphere. History was evoked to celebrate progress, encourage civic loyalty and, more recently, to emphasise the city’s transition into a post-industrial era. This article will explore the way in which commemorative dates in Newcastle’s history were interpreted, utilised and presented to the general public. It will examine how history, heritage, politics and policy come together to use the past in a public way. Utilising US historian John Bodnar’s terms, the shift in the themes and tenor of public history in Newcastle over this period has been from an ‘official’ to a more ‘vernacular’ style. Official public history emphasised unitary notions of progress while vernacular styles presented more diverse and occasionally more critical versions of public history. By the time of the 2004 commemorative events there was more scope for active popular participation. Newcastle public history was being nourished by community groups often with conflicting notions of public history, generating a multivalent, multilayered sense of the past, though older themes persisted with remarkable durability. In a city where ‘history’ has such an ambivalent position, large-scale historical commemorations make for intriguing analysis. After a review of the principal themes in the Newcastle commemorations of 1897, 1947, and 1997, I consider the 2004 ‘Newcastle 200’ programme. In particular, I will

  8. 26 CFR 1.167(l)-2 - Public utility property; election as to post-1969 property representing growth in capacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Public utility property; election as to post-1969 property representing growth in capacity. 1.167(l)-2 Section 1.167(l)-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL... post-1969 property representing growth in capacity. (a) In general. Section 167(l)(2) prescribes the...

  9. 26 CFR 1.167(l)-4 - Public utility property; election to use asset depreciation range system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... depreciation range system. 1.167(l)-4 Section 1.167(l)-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... Individuals and Corporations § 1.167(l)-4 Public utility property; election to use asset depreciation range system. (a) Application of section 167(l) to certain property subject to asset depreciation range...

  10. 26 CFR 9.1 - Investment credit-public utility property elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) TEMPORARY INCOME TAX REGULATIONS UNDER THE TAX REDUCTION ACT OF 1975 § 9.1... 46(e) by the Tax Reduction Act of 1975) applies to the credit allowable for a taxable year with... Tax Reduction Act of 1975. (2) 1972 immediate flow-through election. A 1972 election under section 46...

  11. The Eurosceptic Europeanization of Public Spheres: Print and Social Media Reactions to the 2014 European Parliament Elections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dutceac Segesten, Anamaria; Bossetta, Michael

    2017-01-01

    a comparative research design of two national cases (Sweden and Denmark), we examine the public discourse on the day following the 2014 European Parliament elections across three media: print, Twitter, and Facebook. Separating the discussions of Eurosceptic issues and actors from other topics of the election...... less pronounced on the social networking sites. The findings suggest, firstly, that Eurosceptics’ contestation of the EU may have the unintended effect of giving national media debates a stronger European dimension. Secondly, the study warrants moderate optimism for the Europeanization potential...... of social media vis-à-vis traditional media structures: print media was more Europeanized in scope, whereas social media publics were more aligned in their sentiment towards Euroscepticism....

  12. Energy and Urban Policies/Programs: official transcript of public briefing and addendum, April 27, 1978, Washington, DC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-02-01

    Sixty-one questions are indexed that were raised relative to the DOE public briefing on Energy and Urban Policies/Programs. Questions 1 through 40 were submitted by consumer and public interest groups prior to the briefing and answered by DOE program offices. With Ms. Tina Hobson as moderator, the speakers and panelists answered some of the questions in their presentations. Those presenting speeches were Dr. James Schlesinger, Sam Hughs, Alvin Alm, Donald A. Beattie, William Peacock, Fr. Geno C. Baroni, Walter Jabzanka. Three additional questions were read into the official record of the proceedings at the conclusion of the public briefing. Their answers were prepared by DOE program offices. (MCW)

  13. Discussion on Bribery to Foreign Public Officials,Public International Organization Officials%论“对外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员行贿罪”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐志豪

    2011-01-01

    Bribery to foreign office staff,the international public officials is a international crime established in "United Nations Convention against Corruption".To combat the dangers of such a wide range of commercial corruption crime,China'9s "Criminal Law Amendment(8)" added the provision of a foreign public official,bribery of public international organization officials.Compare with abroad experience and the convention,this crime has many shortcomings in legislation and should be further perfection.%贿赂外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员罪是《联合国反腐败公约》所确立的国际犯罪,为打击这种具有广泛危害性的商业腐败犯罪,我国《刑法修正案(八)》增设对外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员行贿罪,从国外相关的立法经验和《公约》相关规定来看,本罪在立法上还有很多不足和应当完善之处。

  14. An audit of elective outpatient magnetic resonance imaging in a tertiary South African public-sector hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francois van Schouwenburg

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Increasing demand for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI has resulted in longer waiting times for elective MRI, particularly in resource-limited healthcare environments.However, inappropriate imaging requests may also contribute to prolonged MRI waiting times. At the time of the present study, the waiting time for elective MRI studies at Tygerberg Hospital (TBH, a tertiary-level public-sector healthcare facility in Cape Town (South Africa,was 24 weeks.Objectives: To document the nature and clinical appropriateness of scheduled TBH outpatient MRI examinations.Method: A retrospective analysis of the referral forms of all elective outpatient MRIexaminations scheduled at TBH from 01 June to 30 November 2011 was conducted. Patient age, gender, clinical details, provisional diagnosis, examination requested and referring clinician were recorded on a customised data sheet. Two radiologists independently evaluated the appropriateness of each request by comparing the clinical details and the provisional diagnosis provided with the 2012 American College of Radiology (ACR guidelines for the appropriate use of MRI.Results: Four hundred and sixty-six patients (median age 42 years; interquartile range 19–55 who had 561 examinations were scheduled in the review period; 70 (15% were children less than 6 years old. Neurosurgery (n = 164; 35%, orthopaedic (n = 144; 31%,neurology (n = 53; 11% and paediatric (n = 27; 6% outpatients accounted for the majority(81% of referrals; 464 (99.6% were from specialist clinics. MRIs of the spine (n = 314; 56%,brain (n = 152; 27% and musculoskeletal system (n = 70, 13% accounted for more than 95%of the investigations. In 455 cases (98%, the referral was congruent with published ACR guidelines for appropriate MRI utilisation.Conclusion: Scheduled outpatient MRI examinations at TBH reflect optimal clinical use of a limited resource. MRI utilisation is largely confined to traditional neuro-imaging. Any initiative to

  15. “公推直选”在医院基层党支部换届中的应用实践%Thoughts on Public Nomination and Direct Election in the Election of Party Branch of Hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐倍; 陈英; 沈迎春; 费苛

    2011-01-01

    基层党组织“公推直选”是中国共产党发展党内民主的最新实践成果之一.上海市第十人民医院党委在党支部换届选举工作中,试点“公推直选”换届成功,有效地调动广大党员和群众参与党内民主建设的积极性,扩大了党的群众基础.本文对在医院基层党支部换届选举中试行“公推直选”的经验进行总结,并结合相关文献资料进行分析,旨在为新形势下深化医院党组织民主建设、改革干部选任机制提供理论依据和实践经验.%"Public nomination and Direct Election" in the party organization at grass - roots level is one of the latest outcome of developing inner - party democracy by CCP. A trial was made of public nomination and direct election in Shanghai tenth people hospital committee in the election of its party branch, which motivate the party members and the masses to take an active part in the construction of inner - party democracy. We summarized our experience in the election of party branch of hospitals by public nomination and direct election and made an analysis of it with related materials, aiming at providing theoretical basis and experience for further democracy construction and leader election innovation in CCP of hospitals under the new situation.

  16. 32 CFR 700.1121 - Disclosure, publication and security of official information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... assistance to a foreign power; nor shall any person in the Department of the Navy make any public speech or... the United States. The regulations concerned with the release of information to the public through any... departmental regulation. (d) Any person in the Department of the Navy receiving a request from the public for...

  17. Official Apologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Lisa Storm

    " – conjecture without rebuttal when causality remains unstated – can play in informing democratic audiences of the role of empirical facts in individual sense-making and collaborative judgment, particularly about questions of public policy. “A Sorry Excuse for an Apology? An analysis of the Danish Secretary...... and their roles in democratic communication and decision-making; the project is centrally concerned with modernist rhetorics of science, correlation, and causality. Close analysis of Shearer's "Apologies of the Week" over nearly three decades suggests the powerful role that "setting the record straight...... of children in state supervised orphanages from 1945 to 1976. Similar cases in Sweden, Norway, Canada, UK, and Australia have resulted in official apologies for wrongs in the past. In Denmark, the Secretary of Social Affairs did not offer the official apology demanded by the claimants, but did express her...

  18. Learning from and for rare floods in Dresden – how public officials interpret damage simulation results at the building type level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hutter Gerard

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Public officials in Dresden are concerned about learning from and for rare flood events like the Elbe river flood in August 2002. This is interesting because research on individual as well as organizational learning from rare events indicates that this kind of learning faces significant difficulties (e.g., overestimation of rare events for decision-making based on “emotionalized event experience”. Up to now, only little is known what and how public officials in Dresden specifically learn from and for rare floods. Therefore, the paper follows an exploratory purpose in line with principles of qualitative social research. Firstly, the paper explores dealing with rare floods with reference to a conceptual framework that highlights relations between regulative, normative, and cognitive institutions on the one hand and learning of public officials on the other. Secondly, it adopts a single case study design in Dresden with embedded sub-cases that are defined with reference to organizations of FRM. The case study shows, among others, that regulations like the Floods Directive are important for justifying FRM with regard to rare flood events which is less obvious than it sounds. However, public officials display different interpretations of the term “rare flood event”, for instance, in the context of analysing the consequences of floods on the building stock. Furthermore, the case study findings indicate that public officials may follow alternative approaches to sustain commitment in the context of rare flood events (systematic versus pragmatic approach.

  19. Evaluation of skill achievement levels and practical experiences of public health nursing students before and after the introduction of the public health nursing course as an elective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Yoshimi; Saito, Emiko; Sawai, Minako; Kishi, Emiko; Kakemoto, Satori; Nakada, Harumi; Igarashi, Chiyo; Asahara, Kiyomi

    2016-01-01

    Objective To equip public health nurses (PHNs) with higher qualifications, PHN education is shifting from an integrated curriculum for PHNs and registered nurses to a specific elective system of undergraduate or postgraduate programs. Most colleges in the special wards of Tokyo introduced the elective system in 2014 before the remaining areas. The outcomes of this must be evaluated. This study aimed to evaluate the achievement levels and practical experiences of PHN students at seven colleges in the special wards before and after introduction of the PHN course as an elective.Method Self-administered, anonymous questionnaires were completed by senior PHN students at seven colleges in the special wards who underwent training in 2013, the last year of an integrated curriculum, and in 2014, the first year of the elective system. The target numbers of participants were 663 in 2013 and 136 in 2014 with 20 students from each school exposed to the elective system. Our study focused on whether they achieved the 98 "technical items of PHN training and achievement levels at the time of graduation" required by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. The study also determined whether participants obtained practical experience in 15 items developed by the special wards based on the standards set for training.Results In 2013, there were 348 total responses (52.5%) and 310 valid responses. In 2014, there were 136 total responses (88.2%) and 120 valid responses. The average achievement rate at which the student answered, "I was able to arrive at it," at an arrival degree level for the 98 technical items was 72.6% in 2014, an increase compared to the 67.9% obtained in 2013. Moreover, the average practical experience rate at which the student answered, "I was able to have an experience," regarding the 15 items was 85.7% in 2014, which constituted an increase compared to 70.5% attained in 2013. However, the number of items with an achievement rate of more than 80% remained

  20. The liability of public officials to prosecution in environmentally related matters. Die Strafbarkeit von Amtstraegern im Umweltbereich

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rogall, K. (Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Straf- und Prozessrecht)

    1991-01-01

    The comprehensive study examines the legally relevant empirical data in the fields of jurisdiction and administration, and discusses and assesses the applicable state of the law. This then leads to considerations and proposals concerning the development of criminal law. The analysis of legally relevant data shows that the registered prosecutions are in a disproportionate relationship to the outcome of the associated proceedings - most proceedings must be lapsed. The word of the law alone is perceived by the public officials as the 'Sword of Damocles'. This can imply prolonged handling times of administrative procedures. In its overall assessment, the study sees no urgent need for action to introduce any particular criminal liability for office bearers. However, it calls upon the legislator to define the boundary conditions of administrative activity more precisely. (HSCH).

  1. Colleges Could Play Crucial Role in Halting Spread of AIDS Epidemic, Public-Health Officials Say.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biemiller, Lawrence

    1987-01-01

    Public-health specialists say colleges and universities could play a crucial role in halting the spread of AIDS by educating all their students about the disease and how to avoid becoming infected with the virus that causes it. Reaching minority groups and drug users, and "safe sex" kits are discussed. (MLW)

  2. 新建本科院校公选课存在的问题及对策%Problems and Countermeasures of Newly-Founded Universities Public Elective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李粉红

    2014-01-01

    公共选修课是新建本科院校课程体系的重要组成部分,以商洛学院公选课开设的实际情况为例,通过访谈、调查的形式了解学生对公选课的认识、了解程度、学习兴趣等情况,从课程管理、学生选课盲目性、学生到课率、考试制度等方面分析存在的问题,并提出相应的建议和解决对策。%Elective public is an important part of the newly-founded universities curriculum system institutions, takes the public elective of Shangluo University as an example, through interviews, surveys to understand the form of public elective student awareness, understanding, learning interest, etc, and analyzes the existing problems from the public course management, aspects of student elective blindness, the rate of stu-dents to classes, examination system and proposes the corresponding recommendations and solutions.

  3. The misconduct administrative front constitutional principles of public administration and its effectiveness before the election ball

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Based on the analysis of constitutional law , and therefore the principles of public administration against improper conduct, this article aims to analyze the applicability of the sanctions provided for in this law , as well as featuring only with its subjective element of intent , and the guilt of an exclusionary illegality on the part of the administrative act that violates the principles of legality , impersonality , morality, publicity and efficiency . To do so, the employee, methodologic...

  4. On the Constitution of Bribery for the Foreign Public Officials and International Public Organization officials%对外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员行贿罪的犯罪构成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李会彬

    2013-01-01

    The object of actual transgressions is complex, and need to be understood from two aspects, the domestic and the foreign. The domestic object is dealing with the order of socialist market economy, while the foreign object is linked to integrity of duty behaviors of foreign public officials, officials of public international organization and regular international market competitive order. In the objective aspect of actual transgressions, the bribery behavior is limited to "Give", which is in line with the characteristics of China legislation, but both the scope of bribery and the rules of comprehensive bribery subject need to be improved. In the main aspect of crime, the bribery-giving side and bribery-taking side both do not necessarily have different nationalities. In the subjective aspect of the crime, we should pay attention to the limit of the subjective targeted elements to the scope of punishment of the actual transgressions.%本罪的犯罪客体是复杂客体,应从国内客体与国外客体两个方面进行理解,其国内客体是我国的社会主义市场经济秩序,国际客体是外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员职务行为的廉洁性和正常的国际市场竞争秩序。在本罪的犯罪客观方面,将其贿赂的行为方式仅限定为“给予”一种是符合我国立法特点的,但其有关贿赂的范围、贿赂的对合性主体的规定,有待立法完善。在犯罪主体方面,行贿方与受贿方并不必然是具有不同国籍的公民。在犯罪主观方面,应注意其主观目的要素对本罪处罚范围的限定。

  5. [The official agenda of global sustainability: a critical analysis from the perspective of Public Health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schütz, Gabriel Eduardo; Tambellini, Anamaria Testa; Asmus, Carmen Ildes Rodrigues Fróes; Meyer, Armando; Câmara, Volney de Magalhães

    2012-06-01

    The scope of this article is to conduct a critical analysis from the perspective of Public Health of the first item of the Rio +20 Summit agenda: "A green economy in the context of sustainable development and the eradication of poverty." Methodologically, the analysis was performed through two converging approaches: (a) argumentative - by means of a dialectical analysis of facts and reports produced during the process; and (b) pragmatic - an analysis of the socio-environmental profile of the current twenty major economies in the world, using indicators found in international agency databases. The results suggest that the greatest environmental pressure on natural resources is not poverty, as understood by the dominant agenda, but the historically determined models of production.

  6. A global health elective for US medical students: the 35 year experience of the State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, School of Public Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno, Denise Marie; Imperato, Pascal James

    2015-04-01

    The School of Public Health at the State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center has sponsored a 6-8 week global health elective for fourth year medical students since 1980. The purpose of this elective is to provide students with an opportunity to observe the health care and public health delivery systems in low-income countries, provide medical service and have a cross-cultural experience. Over the course of the past 35 years, 388 students have participated in this global health elective in more than 41 low-income countries. The most popular sites include the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, India, Kenya and Thailand. Overall, interest in this elective has persisted throughout the course of time, sometimes temporarily increasing or decreasing with outside factors, such as the events of 11 September 2001 and the outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome in Asia. Recent annual applications for this elective have been as high as 44 out of a class of 200 students. Over the past 10 years, annual acceptance rates have varied, ranging from a low of 32 % in 2007-2008 to a high of 74 % in 2010-2011 and 2013-2014. Careful screening, including a written application, review of academic records and personal interviews has resulted in the selection of highly mature, adaptable and dedicated students who have performed well at overseas sites. Student rated satisfaction levels with this elective are almost universally high, with most rating it the best experience of their medical school years. Students undergo extensive preparation prior to their travel overseas, including a review of individual health and safety issues, travel and lodging, and the nature of the host country culture, health care system and assignment site. Downstate medical students are especially experienced in cross-cultural understanding because of the unusual diversity of the patient population in Brooklyn, and the diversity of local hospital staff and the medical school class. The Alumni Fund of

  7. Press and construction of public image of Enrique Peña Nieto in the presidential election of México in 2012

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The press is among the political actors that contribute to the dissemination of public image, essential for candidates vying frames majority, because the political dispute it is a public dispute image. This paper discussed the construction of the image of the candidate of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), Enrique Peña Nieto, during the last mexican presidential election, for five vehicles online local news. The newspapers were analyzed daily by the Electoral Communication Research ...

  8. Iraqi public opinion on the Web: An exploratory study of opinions on invasion and election

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haidar Moukdad

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an exploratory study of a selection of user contributions to a news feedback forum on the Web provided by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC World Service to its Arab listeners. Contributions representing Iraqi public opinion on a variety of topics covering Iraq under occupation were categorized and analyzed to provide a glimpse of how access to the Web has allowed Iraqis to freely express their opinions, and of how Iraqi public opinion manifests itself throughout these contributions. The results provided insights into the feelings of Iraqis towards the invasion and occupation of their country, and they highlighted the role played by the Web as a vital communication vehicle for public opinion and political debates.

  9. The public's views on health care reform in the 2008 presidential election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Sara R; Kriss, Jennifer L

    2008-01-01

    A Commonwealth Fund survey of adults age 19 and older,conducted from June 2007 to October 2007, finds that large majorities of the public, regardless of political affiliation or income level, say that the candidates' views on health care reform will be very important or somewhat important in their voting decision. Moreover, they believe employers--long the cornerstone of the health insurance system--should retain responsibility for providing health insurance, or at least contribute financially to covering the country's working families. A majority of adults would also favor a requirement that everyone have health insurance, with the government helping those who are unable to afford it; support for such a requirement, however, is not strong and varies by political affiliation, geographic region, and income. There is overwhelming agreement that financing for health insurance coverage for all Americans should be a responsibility shared by employers, government, and individuals.

  10. A number of issues on the bribery crime of foreign public officials or officials of public international organizations%贿赂外国公职人员或者国际公共组织官员罪若干问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鹏

    2011-01-01

    我国刑法中的贿赂外国公职人员或者国际公共组织官员罪,其渊源在于《联合国反腐败公约》。但是,在我国将国际公约内化为国内刑法的过程中,本罪的若干方面仍与公约存在脱节之处。笔者认为,应将本罪构成要件中的"不正当商业利益"修正为"不正当利益";重新界定"外国公职人员和国际公共组织官员"的内涵;扩大"贿赂"的范畴;最后提出在我国刑法中应增设外国公职人员、国际公共组织官员受贿罪。%the root of the bribery crime of foreign public officials or officials of public international organizations in China's criminal law is the "United Nations Convention against Corruption." However,in the process of changing the international conventions into the domestic criminal law, there are still a number of aspects of this crime out of touch with the Convention. The author believed that the constitute element of the crime,the "unfair commercial interests" should be modified to " improper benefit";redefined the meaning of "foreign public officials and officials of public international organizations";expanded the category of "bribe";and finally proposed to add the bribery crime of foreign public officials or officials of public international organizations in China's Criminal Law.

  11. 浅谈实用韩语公选课教学%Discussion on the Teaching of Practical Korean Public Elective Courses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐珊; 崔海满

    2012-01-01

    随着近年来韩语专业的发展以及韩流在我国青少年中影响的不断增强,各大高校纷纷设置韩语公选课,以满足学生们对于学习韩国语言、了解韩国文化的需要。然而公选课不同于专业课,在教学目的和教学方法等方面都存在许多差异。本文以我校实用韩语公选课为例,浅谈一下对于韩语公选课教学的理解。%In recent years, with the development of Korean majors as well as the continuous influence of Ko- rean wave on China adolescents, many colleges and universities have set the Korean as public elective course in order to meet the needs of students to learn Korean language and understand Korean culture. However, due to the differences between public elective courses and professional courses, there are many differences in terms of teaching objectives and teaching methods. Based on practical Korean course as an example, this thesis discusses the teaching methods of Korean public elective course.

  12. Elective course planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Simon; Sørensen, Matias; Stidsen, Thomas Riis

    2011-01-01

    Efficient planning increasingly becomes an indispensable tool for management of both companies and public organizations. This is also the case for high school management in Denmark, because the growing individual freedom of the students to choose courses makes planning much more complex. Due...... to reforms, elective courses are today an important part of the curriculum, and elective courses are a good way to make high school education more attractive for the students. In this article, the problem of planning the elective courses is modeled using integer programming and three different solution...... for the Elective Course Planning Problem has been described in the literature before. The proposed algorithms are tested on data sets from 98 of the 150 high schools in Denmark. The tests show that for the majority of the problems, the optimal solution can be obtained within the one hour time bound. Furthermore...

  13. Criminal Regulations on Bribery of Foreign Public Officials%外国公职人员受贿的刑法规制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高文辉

    2011-01-01

    It has been stipulated that domestic criminal law can be used to punish foreign public officials for accepting bribes in "United Nations Convention against Corruption".However,the is just making a beginning.This article analyzes the Convention and points out that the counts and charges of bribery of foreign public officials and officials of public international organizations should be stimulated as a supplement and adjust the laws of bribery so as to improve criminal laws.%运用国内刑法惩治外国公职人员受贿,这是《联合国反腐败公约》中规定的内容。相比之下,我国刑法中对外国公职人员受贿的规定还属于起步。文章对《公约》进行了分析,认为我国刑法中应补充规定外国公职人员和国际公共组织官员受贿罪的罪状和罪名,调整受贿罪的法条规定,以完善我国的刑法。

  14. Election IAPSM UPUK 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Secretary IAPSMUPUK

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available As per the constitution of IAPSM UPUK, all the members of IAPSM UPUK are hereby informed that Nomination Form for the election of Office Bearers of IAPSM UPUK is now available on the official website (www.iapsmupuk.org. The interested candidates can send their duly filled nomination form for the election of the following posts of IAPSM UP & UK state chapter for the session 2017 – 2018.Secretary:                             01 PostVice - President:                  01 PostChief Editor:                         01 PostExecutive Member:            09 Posts (Six from UP & three from UKThe eligibility criteria for the posts are given in the constitution of IAPSM UPUK. The last date of nomination for the above posts is 30th August 2016 and the last date of withdrawal of nomination is 10th September 2016. Nominations should be sent to secetaryiapsmupuk@gmail.com before the deadline. Candidates seeking election for the post of Secretary/ Chief Editor/Vice - President should send a demand draft of Rs. 1000/- and those for the post of the members of executive committee of governing council Rs. 500/- along with the duly filled nomination form. The details of the nomination fee and its mode of payment etc are given in the prescribed nomination form, which can be downloaded from the official website of IAPSM UPUK state chapter (www.iapsmupuk.org.For conducting fair elections, Prof. J. V. Singh (MZN has been appointed by the Governing Council as                      Chief Election Officer. I hope this democratic way of electing our office bearers of IAPSM UP & UK will strengthen our association many fold. The elections will be held on the first day of IAPSM UPUK conference i.e., on 15th Oct’ 2016 during the General Council Meeting (GBM. I look forward to have active participation and cooperation all over.

  15. Accountability in Ontario's Public Colleges: A Discussion Paper. ACAATO Document

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hook, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Accountability, "the extent to which one must answer to higher authority for one's actions" (Shafritz & Russell, 2000, p. 343), is a critical part of corporate and democratic life. In public institutions, sound accountability processes assure those in executive, governance, audit and "elected official" roles that public resources are being…

  16. Election IAPSM UPUK 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Secretary IAPSMUPUK

    2016-01-01

    As per the constitution of IAPSM UPUK, all the members of IAPSM UPUK are hereby informed that Nomination Form for the election of Office Bearers of IAPSM UPUK is now available on the official website (www.iapsmupuk.org). The interested candidates can send their duly filled nomination form for the election of the following posts of IAPSM UP & UK state chapter for the session 2017 – 2018.Secretary:                             01 PostVice - President:                  01 PostChief Editor:   ...

  17. Money laundering in the convention on combating bribery of foreign public officials in international business transactions of the organization for cooperation and development (OECD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Notari Bonini Notari

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the phenomenon of corruption and money laundering and how they are being addressed this issue under the Convention on Combating Public Officials Corruption Foreigners in Transactions Organization of International Trade for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD and the formulation of public policies for Combating Corruption and Money Laundering, by the Brazilian State. The Money Laundering is a species of corrupting practices, so that this type of illicit undertakes the realization of fundamental rights, social rights, economic criminal law, the democratic rule of law affecting, directly, public policy tax as a result of the commission of unlawful acts and offenses linked to issues of an economic nature, such as bribery, fraud, tax evasion, bribery, money laundering, drug trafficking, arms linked indirectly, to organized crime. Whereas the article is a bibliographic nature, it will be used as the method of approach to be adopted in its deductive development, with general assumption arguments (major premise for particular arguments (minor premise; while the procedure is analytical. Key words: Public Policy Tax, Money Laundering, Corruption of Foreign Public Officials, economic, illegalities. Money Laundering CRIME UNDER THE CONVENTION ON THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION OF FOREIGN public employee in the business operations of the International Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD This article AIMS to analyze the phenomenon of corruption and money laundering and how it is addressing this issue under the Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Economic Development (OECD and the formulation of public policies for the Fight against Corruption and Money Laundering, by the Brazilian government. Money laundering is a kind of corrupt practices, so this type of crime committed with the

  18. 43 CFR 20.201 - Ethics officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ethics officials. 20.201 Section 20.201... Department Ethics Program § 20.201 Ethics officials. (a) Designated Agency Ethics Official refers to the official designated under 5 CFR 2638.201 to coordinate and manage the Department's ethics program. (b)...

  19. Agency Of The President To The Republic Of Tajikistan On The Financial Control And Fight Against Corruption Of The Republic Of Tajikistan As The Public Subject Of The Responsibility Of Officials Legal Regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander M. Volkov

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present article questions of the public subjects which are carrying out legal regulation of taking to administrative responsibility of officials in the Republic of Tajikistan activity organization for the purpose of clarification of the role of Agency of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan on financial control and fight against corruption as a public subject of legal regulation are considered. In the modern science, questions of subjects of public law are discussed in several planes, some synonymous concepts are used at the same time: "subject of public law", "subject carrying out public functions", "subject of the public legal relationship" and "the public subject". So, such public subjects are the government bodies authorized by the administrative legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan and the specifics of it’s legal impact on the relevant group of public relations are the activities of the above in settlement of the official's administrative responsibility in the Republic of Tajikistan. Activity of such public subjects of the administrative responsibility legal regulation of officials in the Republic of Tajikistan represents a set of legal means by which the legal impact on the public relations arising at involvement of officials to the administrative responsibility in connection to the commission of administrative offenses by the official is analyzed. In the article offers of changes to the current legislation are given.

  20. Staff Report to the Senior Department Official on Recognition Compliance Issues. Recommendation Page: Council on Education for Public Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Between 1945-1973, the American Public Health Association (APHA), a membership organization for public professionals, accredited graduate programs in public health. In 1974, the APHA and the Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH), a national association representing deans, faculty, and students of accredited schools of public health,…

  1. 2011 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    Vote Elections to fill all seats in the Staff Council are being organized this month. Voting will begin on Monday 31 October. Make your voice heard and be many to elect the new Staff Council. By doing so, you will be encouraging the men and women who will  represent you over the next two years and they will doubtless appreciate your gratitude. More details on the elections can be found on the Staff Association web site. (http://association.web.cern.ch) Elections Timetable Monday 31 October, at noon start date for voting Monday 14 November, at noon closing date for voting Monday 21 November, publication of the results in Echo Tuesday 22 and Wednesday 29 November Staff Association Assizes Tuesday 6 December, at 10.00 a.m. first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure is monitored by the Election Committee. 

  2. 2015 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Document Server

    Staff Asscociation

    2015-01-01

    Make your voice heard, support your candidates! Be many to vote and to elect the new Staff Council. By doing so, you will be encouraging the men and women who will represent you over the next two years and they will without doubt appreciate your gratitude. The voting takes place from the 26th of October to the 9th of November, at noon at https://ap-vote.web.cern.ch/elections-2015.   Elections Timetable Monday 9 November, at noon Closing date for voting Monday 16 and Monday 23 November, publication of the results in Echo Tuesday 8 December, at 10.00 a.m. first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure will be monitored by the Election Committee, which is also in charge of announcing the results in Echo on 16 and 24 November. Candidates for the 2015 elections

  3. PUBLIC SERVICE TELEVISION'S DIFFERENT WAYS OF DEALING WITH A CHANGED MEDIA LANDSCAPE: A COMPARISON OF PRE-ELECTION PROGRAM FORMATS ON DUTCH-SPEAKING AND FRENCH-SPEAKING BELGIAN PUBLIC TELEVISION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva De Smedt

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Under the influence of a changing international media landscape, political programming on public service television has changed considerably since the beginning of the 1990s. Political television debates and interviews increasingly take place within hybrid program formats, in which traditional stylistic boundaries are challenged. This article focuses on the Belgian example and analyses how two Belgian public service broadcasters, the Dutch-speaking Vlaamse Radio-en Televisieomroep (VRT and the French-speaking Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communauté française (RTBF, covered the 2009 European and regional election campaign in terms of presentation and format strategies. Using a qualitative format analysis, the article identifies a number of similarities and differences at the levels of (1 program formats, (2 representation of the public and (3 the role of television journalists. Whilst both public service broadcasters produced their 2009 pre-election broadcasts in modern formats, the VRT election programs were more strongly formatted in terms of alternation, fragmentation and use of pre-produced materials than the RTBF programs which were predominantly based on rather traditional debate formats.

  4. Alternative Fuel News: Official Publication of the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities Network and the Alternative Fuels Data Center; Vol. 2, No. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1998-05-01

    Official publication of the Clean Cities Network and the Alternative Fuels Data Center featuring alternative fuels activity in every state, the Clean Cities game plan '98, and news from the Automakers.

  5. The ‘Eurosceptic Europeanization of Public Spheres’: Comparing Swedish and Danish Reactions to the 2014 European Parliament elections across Print Media and Twitter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dutceac Segesten, Anamaria; Bossetta Jr, Michael Joseph

    2015-01-01

    ? To test for this ‘Eurosceptic Europeanization of Public Spheres,’ we compare Swedish and Danish print media and Twitter reactions to the far-right’s success on May26th, the day following the elections. We find that the narrative of the ‘rise of the far right’ is indeed presented in European terms...... communication cultures. On Twitter, however, we find much more congruence between the countries in the tone used to discuss the Eurosceptics’ success. Despite this unity of tone, the Twitter narrative was not as Europeanized as in the print media, undermining claims that online channels are more prone...

  6. A Study of Global Health Elective Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russ, Christiana M.; Tran, Tony; Silverman, Melanie; Palfrey, Judith

    2017-01-01

    Background and Objectives: To identify the effects of global health electives over a decade in a pediatric residency program. Methods: This was an anonymous email survey of the Boston Combined Residency alumni funded for global health electives from 2002 to 2011. A test for trend in binomial proportions and logistic regression were used to document associations between elective and participant characteristics and the effects of the electives. Qualitative data were also analyzed. Results: Of the 104 alumni with available email addresses, 69 (66%) responded, describing 94 electives. Elective products included 27 curricula developed, 11 conference presentations, and 7 academic publications. Thirty-two (46%) alumni continued global health work. Previous experience, previous travel to the site, number of global electives, and cumulative global elective time were associated with postresidency work in global health or with the underserved. Conclusions: Resident global electives resulted in significant scholarship and teaching and contributed to long-term career trajectories. PMID:28229096

  7. A Comparison of Occupational Groups with Regard to Knowledge of Public School Finance in the Upper Cumberland Region of Tennessee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddick, Thomas L.; Fletcher, Richard K., Jr.

    This study attempted to determine the knowledge of Tennessee public school finance on the part of teachers, businessmen, school administrators, elected officials, and industrial workers. Students in a class on public school finance administered the questionnaire to over 1,000 subjects. Results revealed that respondents feel that public education…

  8. Ethical Reasoning in a Time of Revolution: A Study of Local Officials in Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Debra W; Sprinthall, Norman; Siemienska, Renata

    1997-01-01

    Interviews with 485 local officials in Poland showed that both elected and appointed officials strongly preferred principled reasoning for ethical decision making. Gender and attitude toward the change from Communism made a difference in preferred modes of ethical reasoning. (SK)

  9. Press and construction of public image of Enrique Peña Nieto in the presidential election of México in 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Panke

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The press is among the political actors that contribute to the dissemination of public image, essential for candidates vying frames majority, because the political dispute it is a public dispute image. This paper discussed the construction of the image of the candidate of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI, Enrique Peña Nieto, during the last mexican presidential election, for five vehicles online local news. The newspapers were analyzed daily by the Electoral Communication Research Group, Federal University of Paraná (UFPR during the election period of 73 days, generating 365 reports qualiquantitatives. As Mexico is comprised of a population of very heterogeneous ethnic origin, religion that highly values and is based on traditional moral values, we seek to outline what the main values of the candidate are highlighted by the press. Furthermore, we aim to identify which of the feelings of 'empathy, projection and identification', the press related to the then-candidate. With the data, we can identify which picture Peña Nieto was designed by Mexican press during the period.

  10. Election Fever

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strom, Erich

    2012-01-01

    Kids learn by doing, which, experts agree, is the only real way to teach citizenship. This article presents election-year activities that stress action. These activities will show students what it means to be a good citizen. (Contains 6 online resources.)

  11. “The Big Smoke” Screen: Toronto’s G20 Protests, Police Brutality, and the Unaccountability of Public Officials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Hussey

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The G8 and G20 summits took place in Huntsville and Toronto, Ontario, Canada on 25-26 and 26-27 June 2010 respectively. Summits such as these often have large budgets attached to them and attract protests from people with various political leanings deploying a diversity of tactics, and these particular summits were no exception. In this article, we contrast official and media accounts of the protest and the policing of the events with a narrative grounded in protestors’ experience, in an attempt to complicate present popular understandings of these protests. In the discussion section of the article we provide theoretical and analytic insights into what the events of last summer can tell us about organizing and policing dissent.

  12. Finding official British information official publishing in the digital age

    CERN Document Server

    Inman, Jane; Purushothama, B

    2011-01-01

    Examining the different bodies that publish official material, this book describes the types of material published, how it is made available and how it is recorded. Finding Official British Information focuses on the digital availability of official information and considers how much is now freely available on the web and how to locate it as well as addressing issues of web only publishing. It covers public bodies in the UK and includes publications issued by central and local government as well as the devolved assemblies and the many other organisations that issue official publications. Quick 'how to find' section for each area Designed for the non-specialist Covering central and local government, the devolved assemblies and other public bodies in the UK.

  13. 42 CFR 418.24 - Election of hospice care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Election of hospice care. 418.24 Section 418.24... (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM HOSPICE CARE Eligibility, Election and Duration of Benefits § 418.24 Election of hospice care. (a) Filing an election statement. An individual who meets the eligibility requirement...

  14. Politics and the Public Library: A Management Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Marilyn Gell

    1989-01-01

    Discusses the challenges of running a library in a political environment, and offers observations and strategies to aid in public library management. Areas discussed include governance, funding, personnel management, relationships with the press, working with elected officials, and negotiating strategies and skills. (CLB)

  15. Energy and consumer protection, competition, and fraud. Official transcript of public briefing and addendum, March 30, 1978, Washington, D. C

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-10-01

    Fifty questions are posed dealing with consumer protection, competition, and fraud. Answers are supplied by DOE officers and are additionally discussed at a public briefing on the subject. A transcript of the briefing is included.

  16. Electronic Elections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten

    2009-01-01

    Electronic voting technology is a two edged sword. It comes with many risks but brings also many benefits. Instead of flat out rejecting the technology as uncontrollably dangerous, we advocate in this paper a different technological angle that renders electronic elections trustworthy beyond...... the usual levels of doubt. We exploit the trust that voters currently have into the democratic process and model our techniques around that observation accordingly. In particular, we propose a technique of trace emitting computations to record the individual steps of an electronic voting machine...... for a posteriori validation on an acceptably small trusted computing base. Our technology enables us to prove that an electronic elections preserves the voter’s intent, assuming that the voting machine and the trace verifier are independent....

  17. DOE role in support of a small-scale appropriately distributed technology. Official transcript of public briefing and addendum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1978-08-01

    This report first lists 94 questions raised relative to the DOE public briefing on appropriate technology. The keynote speaker was John O'Leary who gave some perceptions of the future. The introductory speech was given by Phillip S. Hughes. Panel members from DOE who provided answers to the questions were: Maxine Savitz, John Deutch, Robert Thorne, and Donald Beattie. (MCW)

  18. Can organisations learn without political leadership? The case of public sector reform among South African Home Affairs officials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Segatti; C. Hoag; D. Vigneswaran

    2012-01-01

    This paper deals with the transformation of "institutional culture" in bureaucratic agencies. This is explored in the context of post-Apartheid South African public sector reform, and more particularly that of migration management within the Department of Home Affairs (DHA). The paper assesses the e

  19. School Tax Elections: Testing Messages and Targeting Voters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senden, J. Bradford; Lifto, Don E.

    2010-01-01

    Anticipating a substantially larger voter turnout in the upcoming election, district officials needed to probe--more precisely than in past tax elections--exactly what demographic groups would most likely go to the polls and support the tax proposal. Message testing and voter targeting became critical components in building a foundation for…

  20. 28 CFR 30.7 - How does the Attorney General communicate with state and local officials concerning the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS... determine views of state and local elected officials; and (2) Communicates with state and local...

  1. Public, official, and industry submissions on a Bill to increase the alcohol minimum purchasing age: A critical analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kypri, Kypros; Wolfenden, Luke; Hutchesson, Melinda; Langley, John; Voas, Robert

    2014-07-01

    In 2005 a Bill was introduced to the New Zealand parliament to increase the alcohol minimum purchasing age (MPA) from 18 to 20 years and submissions were invited from interested parties. We sought to characterise and critique the arguments tendered for and against the proposal. We used template analysis to study written submissions on the Bill from 178 people and organisations in New Zealand. Independent raters coded submissions according to the source, whether for or opposed, and the arguments employed. The most common sources of submissions were members of the public (28%), the alcohol industry (20%), and NGOs (20%). Overall, 40% opposed increasing the MPA, 40% were in favour, 4% supported a split MPA (18 years for on-premise, 20 years for off-premise), 7% were equivocal, and 8% offered no comment. The most common proponents of increasing the MPA were NGOs (36%) and members of the public (30%) and their arguments concerned the expected positive effects on public health (36%) and public disorder/property damage (16%), while 24% argued that other strategies should be used as well. The most common sources of opposition to increasing the MPA were the alcohol industry (50%) and the public (20%). It was commonly claimed that the proposed law change would be ineffective in reducing harm (22%), that other strategies should be used instead (16%), that it would infringe adult rights (15%), and that licensed premises are safe environments for young people (14%). There were noteworthy examples of NGOs and government agencies opposing the law change. The alcohol industry maximised its impact via multiple submissions appealing to individual rights while neglecting to report or accurately characterise the scientific evidence. Several health and welfare agencies presented confused logic and/or were selective in their use of scientific evidence. In contrast to the fragmented and inconsistent response from government and NGOs, the alcohol industry was organised and united, with

  2. The Eurosceptic Europeanization of Public Spheres: Print and Social Media Reactions to the 2014 European Parliament Elections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dutceac Segesten, Anamaria; Bossetta, Michael

    2017-01-01

    less pronounced on the social networking sites. The findings suggest, firstly, that Eurosceptics’ contestation of the EU may have the unintended effect of giving national media debates a stronger European dimension. Secondly, the study warrants moderate optimism for the Europeanization potential...... of social media vis-à-vis traditional media structures: print media was more Europeanized in scope, whereas social media publics were more aligned in their sentiment towards Euroscepticism.......The present study tests the theoretical claim that Eurosceptics contribute to the Europeanization of national public spheres. Although advocating a renationalization of European politics, Eurosceptic parties can engender public media debates of transnational or European relevance. Through...

  3. Can Organizations Learn without Political Leadership? The Case of Public Sector Reform among South African Home Affairs Officials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Segatti, Aurelia; Hoag, Colin Brewster; Vigneswaran, Darshan

    2012-01-01

    This paper deals with the transformation of “institutional culture” in bureaucratic agencies. This is explored in the context of post-Apartheid South African public sector reform, and more particularly that of migration management within the Department of Home Affairs (DHA). The paper assesses...... the effects on staff’s perceptions and practices of a politically driven attempt at inculcating a new sense of “service delivery”. Structural factors are not found to have been prevalent determinants explaining the difficulties in implementing the reform. It is rather the failure of the political leadership...

  4. Can Organizations Learn without Political Leadership? The Case of Public Sector Reform among South African Home Affairs Officials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Segatti, Aurelia; Hoag, Colin Brewster; Vigneswaran, Darshan

    2012-01-01

    This paper deals with the transformation of “institutional culture” in bureaucratic agencies. This is explored in the context of post-Apartheid South African public sector reform, and more particularly that of migration management within the Department of Home Affairs (DHA). The paper assesses th...... to address the lack of a shared sense of mission and the range of unintended, counter-productive effects, elicited by the reform itself which explain the overall incapacity to amend perceptions and behaviours among civil servants....

  5. Trust in Internet Election

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markussen, Randi; Ronquillo, Lorena; Schürmann, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the Decryption and Counting Ceremony held in conjunction with the internet voting trial on election day in the Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development of Norway in 2013. We examine the organizers' ambition of making the decryption and counting of electronic votes...... public in order to sustain trust in internet voting. We introduce a pragmatic approach to trust that emphasises the inseparability of truth from witnessing it. Based on this and on a description of how the event was made observable and how the complexities in the counting process were disclosed, we...... discuss what we term economy of truth from the perspective of the IT community involved in the ceremony. We claim that broadening the economy of truth by including more explicitly social and political perspectives in the ceremony, and in internet elections in general, and how witnessing is brought about...

  6. Costs Systems: Relevance, Feasibility And Usefulness According To Public Officials In The State Of Paraná (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Maria Gonçalves Franco

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim in this study is to get to know the level of understanding and adoption of cost systems in cities in the State of Paraná. A descriptive study with a qualitative approach was undertaken. Data were collected through the application of a questionnaire in 67 cities in the State of Paraná. Descriptive analysis was used and Spearman’s correlation coefficient was applied to achieve the research objective. Among the study results, the following stand out: the incipient nature of knowledge about the relevance, feasibility and usefulness of a cost system; resulting from public officials’ limited knowledge, mainly about topics related to the budgetary and financial feasibility of adopting cost systems; an environment for the cost system, implemented costs systems and operating systems; although the answers obtained to proposals about cost information and control were significantly coherent.

  7. An official American Thoracic Society public policy statement: Novel risk factors and the global burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisner, Mark D; Anthonisen, Nicholas; Coultas, David; Kuenzli, Nino; Perez-Padilla, Rogelio; Postma, Dirkje; Romieu, Isabelle; Silverman, Edwin K; Balmes, John R

    2010-09-01

    Although cigarette smoking is the most important cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a substantial proportion of COPD cases cannot be explained by smoking alone. To evaluate the risk factors for COPD besides personal cigarette smoking. We constituted an ad hoc subcommittee of the American Thoracic Society Environmental and Occupational Health Assembly. An international group of members was invited, based on their scientific expertise in a specific risk factor for COPD. For each risk factor area, the committee reviewed the literature, summarized the evidence, and developed conclusions about the likelihood of it causing COPD. All conclusions were based on unanimous consensus. The population-attributable fraction for smoking as a cause of COPD ranged from 9.7 to 97.9%, but was less than 80% in most studies, indicating a substantial burden of disease attributable to nonsmoking risk factors. On the basis of our review, we concluded that specific genetic syndromes and occupational exposures were causally related to the development of COPD. Traffic and other outdoor pollution, secondhand smoke, biomass smoke, and dietary factors are associated with COPD, but sufficient criteria for causation were not met. Chronic asthma and tuberculosis are associated with irreversible loss of lung function, but there remains uncertainty about whether there are important phenotypic differences compared with COPD as it is typically encountered in clinical settings. In public health terms, a substantive burden of COPD is attributable to risk factors other than smoking. To prevent COPD-related disability and mortality, efforts must focus on prevention and cessation of exposure to smoking and these other, less well-recognized risk factors.

  8. Long-Term Verifiability of Remote Electronic Elections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langer, Lucie

    Retention of election documents is essential for verifying the proper conduct of an election ex post. The documents retained provide for later review in case an election contest is filed. Moreover, the principle of public elections laid down in German basic law implies the need for public verifiability. This applies to remote electronic voting in particular as physical observation is not achievable in this case.

  9. Religious Symbols in Public Functions: Unveiling State Neutrality. A Comparative Analysis of Dutch, English and French Justifications for Limiting the Freedom of Public Officials to Display Religious Symbols

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ooijen, H.

    2012-01-01

    Religious symbols are loaded with meaning, not only for those who display them. They have generated controversy in many circles, be they religious or secular, public or private, and within or outside academia. Debate has taken place throughout Europe and beyond, at times leading to limitations or

  10. Religious Symbols in Public Functions: Unveiling State Neutrality. A Comparative Analysis of Dutch, English and French Justifications for Limiting the Freedom of Public Officials to Display Religious Symbols

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ooijen, H.

    2012-01-01

    Religious symbols are loaded with meaning, not only for those who display them. They have generated controversy in many circles, be they religious or secular, public or private, and within or outside academia. Debate has taken place throughout Europe and beyond, at times leading to limitations or ba

  11. 36 CFR 1150.92 - Official transcript.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Official transcript. 1150.92 Section 1150.92 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD PRACTICE AND PROCEDURES FOR COMPLIANCE HEARINGS The Record § 1150.92 Official transcript. The...

  12. 31 CFR 306.1 - Official agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT GENERAL REGULATIONS GOVERNING U.S. SECURITIES General Information § 306.1 Official agencies. The Bureau of the Public Debt of the Department of the Treasury is... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Official agencies. 306.1 Section...

  13. to enhance re-election

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF. O. E. OSUAGWU

    2013-12-01

    Dec 1, 2013 ... Assessing the Impact of Information Technology (WWW) on the attainment of Positive Corporate Image (PCI) to enhance re-election bid of incumbent ... public legitimacy and influence electoral victory at the polls. .... recognized main media and subdivision for ..... To avoid social and political conflicts,.

  14. The Research of the Construction and Management of High Vocational Public Electives%高职院校公共选修课建设与管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳; 彭晓云

    2012-01-01

    公共选修课是学分制人才培养方案的重要组成部分,是锻炼学生实践能力,提高学生综合素质的重要途径。目前高职院校在公共选修课课程设置、课堂教学、质量监控等方面存在的问题不容忽视,针对这些共性问题,提出了加强公共选修课建设和管理的具体对策建议。%The public electives take important part of the credit system which can improves the overall quality of students.The article elaborates and provides suggestions for the main problems of the construction and management of public electives such as curriculum,classroom management and quality control.

  15. Exploration on the Examination Pattern of Public Elective Course in a Medical Collrdge, Hubei%湖北省某医学院校公共选修课考核方式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘敏; 冯清

    2012-01-01

    目前,医学院校公选课考核方式普遍采用闭卷和开卷形式,以检验教学的效果.这种传统的考核方式不利于检验学生课程学习所应掌握的知识状况,也不利于教师深入了解学生运用所学知识分析问题和解决问题的能力.本问从公共选修教学目标和学生能力培养两个方面着手,提出公共选修课考核应结合教学目标要求,对现有考核方式进行改革,为医学院校公共选修课考核方式的改革提供一个新的思路.%To evaluate the teaching effect, currently, closed-book tests and open-book tests were commonly used in the examination system for medical college public elective course. These traditional forms of written tests are neither efficient in assessing the students' mastery of knowledge in class nor conductive to the teachers to understand the students' analyzing ability and problem resolving ability. From the two aspects of teaching aim of public elective course and practical ability of student, this research proposed the reform pattern of examination according to the objectives of public elective course, which provided new ideas for the reform of examination pattern on public elective course for medical students.

  16. Politics of public utility regulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gormley, W.T. Jr.

    1983-01-01

    Since the early 1970s, energy and telecommunications policies have emerged as increasingly complex and conflictual issues in state government and have, consequently, brought about change in the politics of public utilities regulation. In this analysis, Gormley shows that state public utilities commissions, in determining the rates that can be charged by private utility companies, must confront elected government officials, members of the state bureaucracy, citizens' groups, and the regulated industries themselves in a very visible, highly technical, costly, and controversial process that pits investors against consumers, business groups against residential consumers, consumer groups against environmentalists, and low-income consumers against consumers as a whole.

  17. Indoor smoking ordinances in workplaces and public places in Kansas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuberger, John S; Davis, Ken; Nazir, Niaman; Dunton, Nancy; Winn, Kimberly; Jacquot, Sandy; Moler, Don

    2010-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the preferences of elected city officials regarding the need for a statewide clean indoor air law and to analyze the content of local smoking ordinances. A survey of elected officials in 57 larger Kansas cities obtained information on the perceived need for statewide legislation, venues to be covered, and motivating factors. Clean indoor air ordinances from all Kansas cities were analyzed by venue. The survey response rate was 190 out of 377 (50.4%) for elected officials. Over 70% of the respondents favored or strongly favored greater restrictions on indoor smoking. Sixty percent favored statewide legislation. Among these, over 80% favored restrictions in health care facilities, theaters, indoor sports arenas (including bowling alleys), restaurants, shopping malls, lobbies, enclosed spaces in outdoor arenas, and hotel/motel rooms. Officials who had never smoked favored a more restrictive approach. Employee and public health concerns were cited as influential by 76%-79% of respondents. Thirty-eight ordinances, covering over half of the state's population, were examined. They varied considerably in their exemptions. Official's attitudes toward smoking regulations were associated with their smoking status. The examination of existing ordinances revealed a piecemeal approach to smoking regulations.

  18. 42 CFR 93.206 - Debarring official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Debarring official. 93.206 Section 93.206 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON...

  19. The influence of the political vote on the results of the parliamentarian Romanian elections: the political discourse, the electoral results and the public management of the victory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Negrescu

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The 2012 Romanian parliamentarian elections are a novelty in the Romanian political life. For the first time, a political alliance of parties, the Social Liberal Union (USL, managed to comfortably win the elections by getting a high majority of votes. Some analysts tend to put the results on the account of the electoral system, others on the negative vote against the former governmental coalition. Explaining the results of this alliance is therefore very important for the understanding of the Romanian political system. This article is going to evaluate the Romanian uninominal vote by highlighting the impact of the political vote and other variables on the results of the parliamentarian elections and the political discourse.

  20. Harm to patients and others caused by impaired junior doctors compelled to work 30-hour shifts or longer: Can the minister of health, provincial MECs for health and public health officials be held liable?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Jan McQuoid-Mason

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Junior doctors in most provinces in South Africa are compelled to work 30-hour shifts without a break. Shifts in excess of 24 hours can result in serious bodily harm to patients, third parties and the doctors themselves. These risks have been drawn to the attention of the health authorities but the 30-hour policy continues to be implemented in all provinces, except recently in the Western Cape. Public health officials may be held directly liable for the harm caused to patients, third parties or the junior doctors themselves, if it can be shown that they are at fault and are acting unlawfully in violation of the Constitution. Where officials carry out the unlawful orders of senior officials, including the minister of health and provincial members of the executive council (MECs for health, they may not raise the defence of ‘obedience to orders’ and may be held directly liable for harm caused. Superior officials issuing such orders will also be held directly liable for harm caused.

  1. Congressional Election Forecasting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis-Beck, Michael S.; Rice, Tom W.

    1988-01-01

    Reviews the growing literature on the forecasting of elections, providing an example in the form of 1988 congressional election predictions. Briefly discusses the history of election outcome prediction and outlines two scientific forecasting models which, the authors state, are appropriate for use in the classroom. (GEA)

  2. The Election Machine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vadgaard, Anne Kathrine Pihl

    2016-01-01

    When democratic elections run smoothly, the practices that ensure a direct – free and fair – link from the will of the people to those who govern are mostly hidden in the bureaucratic machinery of elections. These administrative aspects of elections are seen as a background to the political delib...

  3. Serbian Elections 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušan Pavlović

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Elections in Serbia have been held quite often over the past 26 years. Yet, of all elections that have taken place since the introduction of the multiparty system in 1990, the elections held on April 24 2016, were the most confusing. They were held early, but were neither a product of political, nor economic crisis. So why were they necessary?

  4. Children in Immigrant Families--The U.S. and 50 States: Economic Need beyond the Official Poverty Measure. Research Brief Series. Publication #2009-19

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Donald J.; Denton, Nancy A.; Macartney, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    This Research Brief, the second in Child Trends series on immigrant children, draws on new results from Census 2000 data to examine differences in the poverty rates between children in immigrant families and children in native-born families. The brief reports results for the official poverty measure, but also for two alternatives to the official…

  5. Digital Feedback: Trends in Constituents\\' Communication with Elected Officials

    OpenAIRE

    Hickey, Chelsea Aleena

    2013-01-01

    Individuals born after 1980 are often immediately labeled with the term, "digital generation". This label assumes that young people are fluent, proficient, and constant users of digital media. This thesis explores digital communication behavior in the context of political communication. This thesis begins with an exploration of how age influences digital political communication, finding that while young people prefer digital media more so than older generations, they are less likely to utiliz...

  6. General Election 2004: Empirical Validation of Voting Pattern in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Arabi Idid

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The purpose of this study is to test the effects of the politically related socio-economic issues, personality of the new Prime Minister and the perceived strength of the ruling party, Barisan Nasional (BN, in influencing the outcomes of elections. It uses the data from the Star-IIUM Survey 2004 and the official election results of general election 2004 for the three northern states of Malaysia and applies the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. The study found that the personal attributes of the Prime Minister, the strength of the ruling party and the campaign issues positively influenced the popular votes secured by the BN candidates.

  7. The retrospection of Romania presidential elections of 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea-Iustina Tuzu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to take a radiograph of Romania presidential elections of 2014, starting from a general framework in which these elections were held, continuing with issues and debates that characterized this context and ending with international reactions regarding the new elected-president in the foreign press and from the officials. This radiograph brings a series of questions: was the final result of these elections an accident? Was it an express of confidence for the successful candidate or the result of discontent with the current political system, a vote of hope? In this regard, I consider absolutely necessary to understand how the president was elected, the reasons behind this choice and especially if the hopes of voters will be reflected in the work of Klaus Iohannis during his term.

  8. 提高高校音乐类公共选修课程教学质量的思考%On improving teaching quality of public elective courses of music in colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄春玲; 乔孟涛

    2009-01-01

    以调研河北农业大学音乐类公共选修课的实际情况为例,总结分析了当前高校音乐类公共选修课程存在的问题,并提出从提高师资教学水平、加强教学设施的投入与改善、探索教学方式的改革、强调教材的编写和使用、提高学生的学习兴趣5个方面入手提高高校音乐类公共选修课程的教学质量.%This paper, taking the investigation of the public elective courses of music in Agricultural University of Hebei as an example, has given a summary and an analysis on the current problems in the public elective courses of music in colleges. It has been pointed out that we should take actions from the following five areas, to improve the standard of the teachers' teaching, to strengthen and improve the inputs to the teaching facilities,to explore the reform of teacheing methods, to stress teaching material's writing and use,to improve the students' interests in learning and provided some practical feasible solutions for solving the problems. Thus, we can improve the teaching quality of the public elective courses of music in colleges and cultivate some new compound talents of high quality.

  9. 在线讨论变革高校公选课学习模式的实证研究%Empirical Study on Learning Mode Reform of College Public Elective Course Based on Online Discussion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁兴连; 操良平; 罗江华

    2016-01-01

    在线讨论已成为契合公选课教学改革需求的选择之一。定量与定性数据分析表明:学习者在线讨论的时间与终端均呈分布式特征,部分学习者表现出较强适应性,学习者批判性思维得到一定锻炼。在线讨论契合学习者随时、随地与任何设备的网络生存方式,彰显增效、提质与创新升级的教育价值,能够消解公选课时空冲突和提升教学质量。提出加强公选课质量内涵建设、创造网络学习的便利条件、改革公选课选课管理制度的建设措施。%Based on the value of online discussion, this study built online discussion environment and learning mode to carry out public elective course. Quantitative and qualitative data analysis showed that learning time and de-vices of the learners indicated distributed features,some learners had strong adaptability,and learners got some exer-cises of critical thinking. Online discussion learning mode fits on the way of network survival of anytime,anywhere and any device of learners,demonstrates the educational value of efficiency,quality and promoting innovation in improving traditional learning mode,removes the time and space conflicts and enhances the teaching quality of college public elective courses. Propose constructive measures,including strengthening the connotation of course quality,providing convenient conditions for online learning, and reforming management system of public elective courses.

  10. Vote Centers as a Strategy to Control Election Administration Costs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David H. Folz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The rising costs of election administration in an era of fiscal stress have motivated some local officials to test the feasibility of ideas for reducing election costs while enhancing voter convenience and perhaps even increasing voter turnout. One such pilot project in a suburban community in the South involved replacing precinct-based voting on election day with a vote center that all voters could use regardless of their precinct of residence. A comparison of election costs across two municipal elections showed that replacing precinct-based voting with an election day vote center resulted in substantial cost savings. While there was no statistical difference in voter turnout in municipal elections held before and after implementation of the pilot project, voters were highly satisfied with the convenience of the vote center as well as other aspects of their voting experience. The findings suggest that an election day vote center can be a viable strategy to control election costs and enhance voters’ perceptions of the convenience of voting.

  11. Measuring the authority of local public health directors in the context of organizational structure: an exploratory, multimodal approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miner Gearin, Kimberly J; Thrash, Allison M Rick; Frauendienst, Renee; Myhre, Julie; Gyllstrom, M Elizabeth; Riley, William J; Schroeder, Janelle

    2012-11-01

    Studies have reported a relationship between the organization of public health services and variability in public health practice at the local and state levels. A national research agenda has prioritized practice-based research to understand pathways that lead to this variation and examine the impact of these differences on outcomes. To measure the extent to which Minnesota local health directors report having key authorities and examine the relationship between organizational structure and authority of local health directors. : Multimodal. Minnesota local health departments. Directors of Minnesota local health departments. Director authorities. Most Minnesota local health directors reported having 6 key authorities related to budget preparation and modification and interaction with local elected officials (n = 51, 71%). Twelve directors (16%) reported that they have 4 or fewer of the 6 authorities. The authority most commonly reported as lacking was the authority to initiate communication with locally elected officials (n = 15, 21%). The percentage of directors who reported having all 6 authorities was higher among those in stand-alone departments (82%) than those in combined organizations (50%). This descriptive study illustrates that emerging practice-based research networks can successfully collaborate on small-scale research projects with immediate application for systems development. Study findings are being used by local public health officials to help articulate their role, aid in succession planning, and inform elected officials, who need to consider the public health implications of potential changes to local public health governance and organization. More studies are needed to refine measurement of authority and structure.

  12. 2015 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    Elections Timetable Monday 21 September, at noon Start date for receipt of the application Friday 16 October, at noon Closing date for receipt of the applications Monday 26 October, at noon Start date for voting Monday 9 November, at noon Closing date for voting Monday 16 and Monday 23 November, publication of the results in Echo Monday 23 and Tuesday 24 November Staff Association Assizes Tuesday 1st December, at 10.00 a.m. first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure will be monitored by the Election Committee, which is also in charge of announcing the results in Echo on 16 and 24 November. During its meeting of March 17 2015, the Staff Council approved the election rules, which define the allocation of seats in each department, as follows:   Number of seats in the electoral colleges Departments BE EN TE DG/DGS FP GS HR/PF IT PH Career paths AA - D 2 3 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 Career paths E - G 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 3   ...

  13. 2015 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    Elections Timetable Monday 26 October, at noon Start date for voting Monday 9 November, at noon Closing date for voting Monday 16 and Monday 23 November, publication of the results in Echo Monday 23 and Tuesday 24 November Staff Association Assizes Tuesday 1st December, at 10.00 a.m. first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure will be monitored by the Election Committee, which is also in charge of announcing the results in Echo on 16 and 24 November. During its meeting of March 17 2015, the Staff Council approved the election rules, which define the allocation of seats in each department, as follows:   Number of seats in the electoral colleges Departments BE EN TE DG/DGS FP GS HR/PF IT PH Career paths AA - D 2 3 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 Career paths E - G 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 3   Global CERN Career paths AA - G 14     Number of seats for fellows representatives Global CERN 5 For more informat...

  14. Inform, influence, evaluate: the power of state public opinion polls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Shiloh; O'Connor, Patricia; Rademacher, Eric

    2009-01-01

    Politicians use public opinion polling data if the data are available to them. Most of these data are from national polls and do not allow for state-level analysis. One promising strategy for informing elected state officials about health issues is to administer public opinion polls at the state level. Combined with health assessment surveys, public opinion data provide a powerful tool for health policy development. This Report reviews one regional foundation's efforts at providing public opinion poll data at the state level and the results of these efforts.

  15. 42 CFR 405.1834 - CMS reviewing official procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false CMS reviewing official procedure. 405.1834 Section... Determinations and Appeals § 405.1834 CMS reviewing official procedure. (a) Scope. A provider that is a party to... Administrator by a designated CMS reviewing official who considers whether the decision of the...

  16. Security and Elections

    OpenAIRE

    Bishop, Matt; Peisert, Sean

    2012-01-01

    Elections are common to almost all societies. Periodically, groups of people determine their representatives, leaders, neighborhood spokespersons, corporate executives, or union representatives by casting ballots and counting votes using a variety of schemes. Those who don’t participate see others around them doing so. And stories abound about rigged elections or results considered compromised by accident or poor communication. US-based elections follow a general pattern of voter reg...

  17. 高校公共选修课视域下的创新型人才培养模式探析%Analysis of Innovative Talents Cultivating Model under the College Public Elective Courses Vision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵安平

    2012-01-01

    创新是人才最显著的特征,大学是培养人才的摇篮。培养创新型人才是目前高校最紧要的目标之一,创新性思维是创新型人才智力结构的核心。随着科学的高速发展,学科交叉成为当今学术研究的热点和重点问题,公共选修课是进行交叉学科培养创新型人才的有效途径。如何在公共选修课视域下培养学生的创新性思维,成为高等院校课程教学改革的重中之重。从创新性思维入手,以高校公共选修课为支点,展开对交叉学科视野下培养学生的创新性思维的探讨,并提出几点思考。%Cultivating innovative talents is one of the most critical goals in the university and innovative thinking is the core of the innovative talent intelligence structure. With the rapid development of science, inter- disciplinary is becoming key issues of today's academic research, public elective courses are the effective way to cultivate innovative talents by interdisciplinary. How to develop studentsj creative thinking in the public elective sight becomes the top priority of the reform of institutions of higher teaching. In this paper, we take the Innovative thinking cultivation as a start point and tale the college elective course as an example to discuss the teaching mode for facilitating students' innovative thinking cultivation in the interdisciplinary perspective.

  18. Slovak Parliamentary Elections 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimír Pčolinský

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Development of a democratic system and market economy in the Slovak Republic has been going on for less than two decades. The same applies to the development of political marketing. Using the example of the Slovak Parliamentary Elections in 2006, we analyse the situation in the political market, voters’ political perceptions, the marketing activities of the political parties and candidates, main topics of election campaign, role of the media and election results. We also offer a short summary of key legislative changes which influenced the 2006 election campaign.

  19. NPS Defense Management Expert Elected to ASPA National Council

    OpenAIRE

    Honegger, Barbara

    2007-01-01

    Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) George F. A. Wagner Professor of Public Management Lawrence R. "Larry" Jnoes, a world renowned expert on defense budgeting and financial management, has been elected to National Council of the American Society for Public Administration (ASPA),

  20. Temporalités à l’épreuve de la parité Temporalities and the Gender Parity test. Gender parity and professional, family and political temporalities among women elected to public office in medium-sized French towns (2001-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magali Della Sudda

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose de mettre en lumière l’articulation des différents temps sociaux et des régimes de temporalité qui président à l’entrée en politique des élus hommes et femmes dans une ville moyenne française en 2001. Il interroge une éventuelle spécificité de genre dans la façon de percevoir le temps et de l’organiser chez les élu-e-s selon trois régimes de temporalités. L’« entrée en politique » est présentée comme une rupture ou une continuation selon les configurations : novice plutôt que profane, les élues disposent de savoir-faire acquis hors du champ politique qui sont convertis en ressource à cette occasion. L’appréhension du temps par les élus et les élues témoigne d’un effet du genre sur l’articulation des temps sociaux : tue chez les élus, elle est perçue comme problématique chez la majorité des élues. Mais le genre n’explique par tout, la situation dans le parcours de vie au moment de l’entrée en politique influe sur la façon de ressentir l’articulation des temps sociaux. Cette réflexion permet d’isoler les effets du genre mais aussi de l’âge dans ces trajectoires militantes en confrontant les parcours et les discours des élus des deux sexes.This paper seeks to shed some light on the harmonization between various social times and the temporality governing the entry of men and women into politics. It poses the question as to whether perceptions of time and temporality may be gender-specific. Depending on configurations, “going into politics” is presented as either change or continuity: novice rather than “profane”, on this occasion elected female candidates convert the “savoir-faire” acquired outside the political arena into a resource. Analyzing the perception of time reveals a gender effect on how social times work together: whereas elected male candidates do not even mention it, the majority of women in public office perceive it as problematic

  1. On the Problems and Countermeasures in Constructing Public Elective Courses in Local Higher Education Institution%地方本科院校公共选修课建设中存在的问题与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高丽萍; 刘良科; 陈香姬; 欧阳跃军

    2016-01-01

    The importance of public elective courses and applied talent cultivation in local higher education institution has attracted much attention. The problems were analyzed by analyzing the shortage of teaching resources, course setting randomness and unreasonable, teaching quality monitoring system imperfect, teaching method needing improvement, university student course-selection blindness in the construction of public elective courses. Some practicable solutions were raised from scientific setting up courses and establishing reasonable curriculum system, exploring the MOOC construction and innovative teaching model, ameliorating teaching method and improving classroom teaching quality, reinforcing guidance on selecting elective courses and avoiding the aimless choice of elective, establishing a perfect supervision mechanism and perfecting quality monitoring system, reinforcing teaching team construction and creating excellent course.%阐述公共选修课对地方本科院校培养应用型人才的重要性,从学校教学资源紧缺、课程设置随意性大且不合理、教学质量监控体系不健全、教学方法有待改进、学生选课带有盲目性等方面分析了公选课建设过程中存在的一些问题。有针对性地提出了切实可行的解决方案,即科学设置课程,建立合理课程体系;探索MOOC建设,创新教学模式;改进教学方法,提高课堂教学质量;加强选课指导,避免盲目选课;建立完善的监督机制,健全质量监控体系;加强教师队伍建设,打造精品课程。

  2. The Icelandic media coverage of the constitutional assembly election

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guðbjörg Hildur Kolbeins

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available On November 27, 2010, the people of Iceland elected 25 individuals to the country’s constitutional assembly. As there were 522 candidates for the 25 seats in the assembly, the media were faced with a new dilemma, i.e. how to ensure impartiality and objectivity in their coverage of the candidates and the subject matter. The present study compares the media coverage of the constitutional assembly election to two other national elections; the general election in the spring of 2009 and the municipal election in the spring of 2010. All news stories in the 13 major print, broadcast and online news outlets in Iceland were coded two weeks prior to each election. The results indicate that the national media almost ignored the constitutional assembly election in comparison to the other elections. There were 632 news stories on the general election, 590 stories on the municipal election but only 165 stories on the constitutional assembly election. The lack of coverage of the candidates for the constitutional assembly seems to reveal that the traditional media, i.e. the print and broadcast media, and the online media did not know how to best serve and inform the public in the democratic process.

  3. 2012 election results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Robert; Tetzlaff, Doerthe

    2012-10-01

    On 4 October 2012, AGU members completed voting for the 2013-2014 leadership term. Union officers, Board members, section and focus group officers, and student and early career representatives to the Council were elected. All members who joined or renewed their membership by 1 July 2012 were eligible to vote in this year's leadership election. The vote was held electronically, and access to voting was provided to all eligible voters for a period of 31 days. The voting was conducted by Survey and Ballot Systems, Inc. (SBS). SBS, which offers election planning and management services, provided unique login credentials and other support services for eligible voters throughout the election. Voting results were certified by SBS on 8 October and by the AGU Tellers Committee on 9 October. The overall participation rate was 21.9%, an increase over previous AGU elections.

  4. 医学院校不同性别学生对公共选修课开设满意度的调查分析%Investigation and Analysis on the Satisfaction of Different Genders of Medical Students to Public Elective Courses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马莹; 张亮; 都文霞; 童渐

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate different genders students open elective public satisfaction with its evaluation of public elective courses, to understand the reasons for this assessment, provide the basis for medical colleges and public COURSES. Methods A questionnaire randomly distributed 5900 questionnaires, 5637 valid questionnaires were recovered on the retur-ned questionnaires were analyzed. Results elective courses for students of public view gender differences. Conclusion The students of different sexes elective public demand for different, should be based on gender-related aspects of the improvement of public elective courses to ensure a quality public elective conduct.%目的:探讨不同性别的学生对公共选修课开设满意度及其对公共选修课的评价,了解造成这种评价的原因,为高等医学院校公共选修课的开设提供依据.方法:采用问卷调查法,随机发放调查问卷5900份,回收有效问卷5637份,对回收的问卷进行统计分析.结果:学生对公共选修课开设的观点具有性别差异性.结论:不同性别的学生对公共选修课的需求不同,应根据性别差异改善公共选修课的相关环节,以保证公共选修课有质量的开展.

  5. 36 CFR 1150.77 - Official notice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Official notice. 1150.77 Section 1150.77 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE... record, any party on timely request, shall be afforded an opportunity to question the propriety of taking...

  6. 2013 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    Elections Timetable Starting with Echo of 16 September, posters, etc. call for applications Monday 21 October, at noon closing date for receipt of the applications Monday 28 October, at noon start date for voting Monday 11 November, at noon closing date for voting Monday 18 and Monday 25 November, publication of the results in Echo Tuesday 19 November Staff Association Assizes Tuesday 3 December, at 10.00 a.m. first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure is monitored by the Election Committee, which is also in charge of announcing the results in Echo on 18 and 25 November. n its meeting on 11 September 2013, the Electoral Commission decided on the following distribution of seats in colleges O.1 to O.6: Sectors Departments Career paths AA – A – B – C – D Career paths E – F – G – H Accelerators and Technology BE TE EN Electoral college 0.1 13 si&...

  7. 2011 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2011-01-01

    Elections Timetable Starting with Echo of 26 September, posters, etc. call for applications Wednesday 26 October, at noon closing date for receipt of the application Monday 31 October, at noon start date for voting Monday 14 November, at noon closing date for voting Monday 21 November, publication of the results in Echo Tuesday 22 and Wednesday 29 November Staff Association Assizes Tuesday 6 December, at 10.00 a.m. first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure will be monitored by the Election Committee, which is also in charge of announcing the results in Echo on 21 November. In its meeting on 19 September 2011, the Electoral Commission decided on the following distribution of seats in colleges 0.1 to 0.6: Sector Department Career path AA – A – B – C – D Career path E – F – G – H Accelerators and Technology BE TE EN Electoral college 0.1 18 si&e...

  8. 2013 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    Elections Timetable Starting with Echo of 16 September, posters, etc. call for applications Monday 21 October, at noon closing date for receipt of the applications Monday 28 October, at noon start date for voting Monday 11 November, at noon closing date for voting Monday 18 and Monday 25 November, publication of the results in Echo Tuesday 19 November Staff Association Assizes Tuesday 3 December, at 10.00 a.m. first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure is monitored by the Election Committee, which is also in charge of announcing the results in Echo on 18 and 25 November. n its meeting on 11 September 2013, the Electoral Commission decided on the following distribution of seats in colleges O.1 to O.6: Sectors Departments Career paths AA – A – B – C – D Career paths E – F – G – H Accelerators and Technology BE TE EN Electoral colle...

  9. 2011 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    Elections Timetable Starting with Echo of 26 September, posters, etc. call for applications Wednesday 26 October, at noon closing date for receipt of the application Monday 31 October, at noon start date for voting Monday 14 November, at noon closing date for voting Monday 21 November, publication of the results in Echo Tuesday 22 and Wednesday 29 November Staff Association Assizes Tuesday 6 December, at 10.00 a.m. first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure will be monitored by the Election Committee, which is also in charge of announcing the results in Echo on 21 November. In its meeting on 19 September 2011, the Electoral Commission decided on the following distribution of seats in colleges 0.1 to 0.6: Sector Department Career path AA – A – B – C – D Career path E – F – G – H Accelerators and Technology BE TE EN Electoral college 0.1 18 si&e...

  10. Understanding Students' Choice of Electives and Its Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ting, Ding Hooi; Lee, Christina Kwai Choi

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine the attributes which influence students' selection of electives as part of their university degree programme. Marketing students at a public university in Malaysia participated in the research. Conjoint analysis was used to understand the trade-offs between three attributes when selecting elective subjects.…

  11. 42 CFR 403.724 - Valid election requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Valid election requirements. 403.724 Section 403..., Conditions of Participation, and Payment § 403.724 Valid election requirements. (a) General requirements. An... CMS in writing. (2) The receipt of excepted medical treatment as defined in § 403.702 does not...

  12. The use of automated external defibrillators and public access defibrillators in the mountains: official guidelines of the international commission for mountain emergency medicine ICAR-MEDCOM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsensohn, Fidel; Agazzi, Giancelso; Syme, David; Swangard, Michael; Facchetti, Gianluca; Brugger, Hermann

    2006-01-01

    In this article we propose guidelines for rational use of automated external defibrillators and public access defibrillators in the mountains. In cases of ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia, early defibrillation is the most effective therapy. Easy access to mountainous areas permits visitation by persons with high risks for sudden cardiac death, and medical trials show the benefit of exercising in moderate altitude. The introduction of public access defibrillators in popular areas in the mountains may lead to a reduction of fatal outcome of cardiac arrest. Public access defibrillators should be placed with priority in popular ski areas, in busy mountain huts and restaurants, at mass-participation events, and in remote but often-visited locations that do not have medical coverage. Automated external defibrillators should be available to first-responder groups and mountain-rescue teams. It is important that people know how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation and how to use public access defibrillators and automated external defibrillators.

  13. Public Elective Curriculum Teaching Mode Innovation of Newly-established University under Information Technology Environment%信息技术环境下新建本科院校公选课教学模式创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈山漫; 王媛

    2016-01-01

    新建本科院校积极推进基于网络平台的公选课改革,有利于提高学生的自主学习能力和协作学习能力,但同时也存在教师过度依赖网络课程,对学生学习过程缺乏有效监督、教学互动流于形式、教学过程缺乏系统性等问题。基于任务驱动式的“翻转课堂”公选课教学模式强调以任务为驱动,以网络平台为载体,将优质课程资源与课堂教学有效结合起来,为学生提供更加完整的学习体验。%Newly-Established Universities actively promote the reform of public elective curriculum based on network plat-form to improve students' autonomous learning and collaborative learning ability. But there are also problems such as teachers over relying on the network curriculum,lack of effective supervision on students learning process,interactive teaching lack of deep-going and systemic teaching process."Flipped classroom"public elective curriculum teaching mode based on task driven emphasizes the task driven and network platform as the carrier, effectively combines high-quality curriculum resources and classroom teaching ,to provide more complete learning experience for students.

  14. 12 CFR 1261.7 - Election process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... experience in the areas of financial management, auditing and accounting, risk management practices... state in the election; (ii) An alphabetical listing of the names of each nominee for a public interest... community interests; (iii) An alphabetical listing of the names nominee for the other...

  15. Official WeChat running in Hangzhou municipal public hospitals%杭州市级公立医院官方微信运行现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈林

    2015-01-01

    了解当前医院微信公众号的运行情况,分析了杭州11家市级公立医院官方微信开通率、信息更新、菜单栏目设置等情况发现,这11家市级公立医院全都开通了官方微信,36.36%的医院开通了服务号,63.64%的医院开通了订阅号;各微信号信息更新频度不一,在线服务功能还需深化,并就医院微信运行提出了信息推送常态化、在线服务深入化、医患沟通多元化和宣传推广力度化等建议。%The opening rate, information update and menu of official WeChat in 11 Hangzhou municipal public hospitals were analyzed in order to understand their running, which showed that of the 11 public hospitals that opened their official WeChat,36. 36% opened their service account and 63. 64% opened their subscription ac-count. The information update frequency of WeChat varied and the online service function needed to be further deepened. Suggestions were put forward for the WeChat running in hospitals, such as normalizing its information push, deepening its online service, diversifying its communication between physicians and patients, and intensifying its popularization.

  16. 42 CFR 418.28 - Revoking the election of hospice care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Revoking the election of hospice care. 418.28... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM HOSPICE CARE Eligibility, Election and Duration of Benefits § 418.28 Revoking the election of hospice care. (a) An individual or representative may revoke the...

  17. 42 CFR 418.21 - Duration of hospice care coverage-Election periods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Duration of hospice care coverage-Election periods... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM HOSPICE CARE Eligibility, Election and Duration of Benefits § 418.21 Duration of hospice care coverage—Election periods. (a) Subject to the conditions set forth...

  18. The 2016 Presidential Election: Reality vs. Myths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Deborah B

    2016-01-01

    Politics in a democracy requires governance through debate. Nurses are an important part of the voting public and we need to assess our own anger, expectations, and values for this election. Recognizing four myths during this election season can improve the political conversation. This conversation must acknowledge different groups, interests, and opinions and then seek ways to balance or reconcile those interests. Using this as a mental model to define our politics rather than succumbing to divisive rhetoric, we can take a major step toward building a better political system.

  19. Corruption and Re-election Chances of Incumbent Parties in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adebayo Fayoyin

    Transparency International defines corruption as the abuse of public resources for .... Corruption is measured by the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) compiled by .... Definition. Mean Std. Dev. Min. Max. Re-election. 1 if reelected and 0 if not.

  20. Why Do Sports Officials Dropout?

    OpenAIRE

    Dosseville, Fabrice; Rioult, François; Laborde, Sylvain

    2013-01-01

    International audience; Sports officials' recruitment and retention is currently an issue for many sports. The sources of stress are numerous but seem to have a reduced impact on sport officials' dropout. To examine potential reasons of sport officiating dropout, 1718 sport officials were asked to fill a survey about their motivation, the way they trained and are evaluated, perceived stress, the qualities and skills required for officiating, and how they live their function, for a total of 13...

  1. Register for the local elections in France

    CERN Multimedia

    DSU Department

    2007-01-01

    If you are a European Union citizen residing in France and wish to vote in the forthcoming local elections you must register on the supplementary register at your town hall (mairie) before 31 December 2007. EU citizens are regarded as residing in France if their primary residence is in France or if they live there continuously. To be eligible to vote you must: be a national of one of the 26 listed States of the European Union and present a valid identification document. Residence permits are valid; be at least 18 years old by the closing date of revision of the supplementary electoral register, i.e. by the last day of February; enjoy civic rights both in France and in your State of origin. For more information: http://vosdroits.service-public.fr/particuliers/F1937.xhtml?&n=Elections&l=N4&n=Elections%20politiques&l=N47

  2. Elections, Protest, and Alternation of Power

    CERN Document Server

    Little, Andrew T; LaGatta, Tom

    2013-01-01

    Despite many examples to the contrary, most models of elections assume that rules determining the winner will be followed. We present a model where elections are solely a public signal of the incumbent popularity, and citizens can protests against leaders that do not step down from power. In this minimal setup, rule-based alternation of power as well as "semi-democratic" alternation of power independent of electoral rules can both arise in equilibrium. Compliance with electoral rules requires there to be multiple equilibria in the protest game, where the electoral rule serves as a focal point spurring protest against losers that do not step down voluntarily. Such multiplicity is possible when elections are informative and citizens not too polarized. Extensions to the model are consistent with the facts that protests often center around accusations of electoral fraud and that in the democratic case turnover is peaceful while semi-democratic turnover often requires citizens to actually take to the streets.

  3. Perceptions of In-Service Elementary School Teachers towards Mathematics and its Teaching Regarding the Official Programs of the Ministry of Public Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Chaves-Esquivel

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out as part of the research project Utopia in Teaching Mathematics in Elementary School, executed by the School of Mathematics at National University of Costa Rica. This article shows the perception of a group of elementary school educators about mathematics and its teaching. The information was gathered through a 66 question questionnaire, designed to assess the perception of elementary school teachers about mathematics and its teaching in relation to the current programs provided by the Ministry of Public Education, and also their perception of the initial training they obtained when they were studying and in processes of training. Among the main findings are: beliefs of teachers tend to be positive about mathematics and its teaching, and educators teaching primary school levels tend to use more problem-solving exercises in which students can apply their mathematics knowledge, rather than having learners work on routine exercises and memorize rules. However, this aspect should be strengthened and deepened in the processes of training being offered by educational authorities. Although participants considered that students’ beliefs and perceptions are quite important when framing classroom activities, a significant number of them pointed out that mathematics can make students feel insecure. Teachers feel little satisfaction regarding the theoretical aspects, teaching strategies and assessment of mathematics in public schools; they stated that their initial training is not concomitant with the work they must carry out in elementary school classrooms.

  4. Uncertified Presidential Election Results Allegheny County General Election

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset contains uncertified data we compiled since the 2004 general election containing vote totals for presidential candidates by Allegheny County Election...

  5. Village Elections, Accountability and Income Distribution in Rural China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Yao

    2006-01-01

    China has experimented with village elections for nearly 20 years. Using village and household survey data collected from 48 villages of 8 Chinese provinces for the period 1986-2002, this paper studies how the introduction of elections affects village governance and income distribution in Chinese villages. The econometric analysis finds the following outcomes. First, village elections have increased the share of public expenditure and reduced the share of administrative expenditure in the village budget, so the accountability of the elected village committee has been enhanced. Second, elections have not led to more income redistribution; instead, they have reduced the progressiveness of income redistribution.Third, elections have reduced income inequality measured by the Gini coefficient in villages.The reduction is equivalent to 5.7 percent of the sample average, or 32 percent of the growth of the Gini coefficient in the period of 1987-2002. Because village elections have not led to more income redistribution, this positive effect must have come from more public investment,which benefits the poor more than wealthier people. The general conclusion that we draw from our results is that, despite institutional constraints, village elections have improved village governance and the life of villagers.

  6. Elections From Afar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JENNIFER; JETT

    2008-01-01

    Packed into a Beijing cafe on November 5, 6,000 miles and 16 hours away from the U. S. presidential election, the crowd excitedly began counting down the seconds until Wes Coast polls closed: 10,9,8 Earlier voter surveys had shown Barack Obama would win California, Oregon and Washington by wide margins. Together with the states he had already won, these states would give him more than enough electoral votes. As soon as the countdown ended, up flashed on the TV screen: "Barack Obama Elected President."

  7. 2014 Election forecast - a post-election analysis

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ittmann, HW

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available . This election forecasting model had been used successfully for a number of elections in the past and in these previous elections, with around 5% {10% of the results available, the predictions produced by the model were very close to the final outcome...

  8. Promoting Engaged Citizenship and Informing Public Debate: A Two-Fold Argument for Contemporary Issues in Education as a Social Science Elective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinchey, Patricia H.

    2010-01-01

    A course in contemporary education issues is proposed as a valuable general education vehicle for citizenship education. Such a course offers the advantages of being inherently political and interdisciplinary, and relevant to students' life experience. Moreover, such a course would help satisfy the academy's responsibility to inform public debate…

  9. Theoretical approaches to elections defining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya V. Lebedeva

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Theoretical approaches to elections defining develop the nature, essence and content of elections, help to determine their place and a role as one of the major national law institutions in democratic system.

  10. Chinese Officials Lighten Up Under Pressure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhangXueying

    2005-01-01

    Chinese officials are displaying a far more human public persona these days than their traditionally severe demeanor, a change welcomed by the people. Formerly stern and rigid, they are now animated and unafraid to express enthusiasm in public. Chinese civil servants no longer blend into a solid gray wall of officialdom, one indistinguishable from the other by virtue of the dry-as-dust officialese they speak.

  11. Official loyalty as the factor of official activity: administratively-legal and phenomenological approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gornostaev S.V.

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the administrative-legal and phenomenological approaches to understanding the official loyalty. Official loyalty is being considered under the administrative-legal approach as adherence to formal official duty, which is a system of obligations, taken together with official status, the source of which are: normative base of service activity, legal requirements of the head and public interests. Lists of the limitations of administrative-legal approach to understanding the of official loyalty: weak underdeveloped concept, the failure to take into account the wide range of situations, operation with a models rather than actual processes. Discusses the advantages of the phenomenological approach in studying the performance of loyalty: its psychological advantages, the existence of a theoretical framework, the work with the real phenomena. Within the phenomenological approach official loyalty is defined as psychological-behavioral integration of the employee in the group operating in the service sector, on the basis of a common cause of activities. Possibilities of sharing of the considered approaches for the decision of problems of optimization of official activity are designated.

  12. Constitutional Law--Elective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Joan; Wood, Robert J.

    The elective unit on Constitutional Law is intended for 11th and 12th grade students. The unit is designed around major course goals which are to develop those concepts whereby students recognize and understand the following three topic areas: 1) Role of the Federal Judicial Branch of Government, 2) Supreme Court Cases Involving the Three Branches…

  13. Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    Elections to fill all seats in the Staff Council are being organized this month. The voting takes place from the 31st of October to the 14th of November, at noon. As you may have noted when reading Echo, many issues concerning our employment conditions are on the agenda of the coming months and will keep the next Staff Council very busy. So, make your voice heard and take part in the elections for a new Staff Council. By doing so, you will be encouraging the men and women who will be representing you over the next two years and they will doubtless appreciate your gratitude. Every member of the Staff Association will have received an email containing a link to the webpage which will allow voting. If you are a member of the Staff Association and you did not receive such an email, please contact the Staff Association secretariat (staff.association@cern.ch). Do not forget to vote * * * * * * * Vote Make your voice heard and be many to elect the new Staff Council. More details on the election...

  14. AGU elects 1989 Fellows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twenty-two distinguished scientists have been elected Fellows of the Union. Fellows are scientists who are judged by their peers as having attained ackowledged eminence in a branch of geophysics. The number of Fellows elected each year is limited to 0.1 % of the total membership at the time of election. The newly elected Fellows are Walter Alvarez, University of California, Berkeley; John R. Booker, University of Washington, Seattle; Peter G. Brewer, Woods Hole Oceanographie Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.; Michael H. Carr, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, Calif.; Gedeon Dagan, Tel Aviv University, Israel; James H. Dieterich, USGS, Menlo Park; Thomas Dunne, University of Washington, Seattle; Jack Fooed Evernden, USGS, Menlo Park; Edward A. Flinn, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C.; Arnold L. Gordon, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory, Palisades, N.Y.; Gerhard Haerendel, Max Planck Institut, Garching, Federal Republic of Germany; David L. Kohlstedt, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.; Robert A. Langel, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD; James G. Moore, USGS, Menlo Park; Marcia Neugebauer, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Robert C. Newton, University of Chicago, Illinois; John A. Orcutt, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, Calif.; Robert B. Smith, University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Bengt U. Sonnerup, Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.; Martin A. Uman, University of Florida, Gainesville; Joe Veverka, Cornell University; and James C.G. Walker, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

  15. [Dental fluorosis prevalence in Mexican localities of 27 states and the D.F.: six years after the publication of the Salt Fluoridation Mexican Official Regulation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betancourt-Lineares, Armandor; Irigoyen-Camacho, María Esther; Mejía-González, Adriana; Zepeda-Zapeda, Marco; Sánchez-Pérez, Leonor

    2013-01-01

    To identify the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis in communities located in 28 states of Mexico. The National Dental Caries Survey 2001 (NDCS2001) data base was analyzed. The information of 26,893 students, ages 12 and 15 years old, of 27 states and the Federal District was examined. Dean's dental fluorosis index was applied by standardized examiners. The fluorosis prevalence and the Community Fluorosis Index (FCI) were calculated. The fluorosis prevalence was 27.9% (95% CI 24.4, 28.5). A statistical significance difference in the fluorosis prevalence was observed among the states studied (p dental fluorosis index. A low level of the FCI was found in the localities belonging to 19 (67.9%) of the states studied (FCI dental fluorosis is a public health problem. Two-thirds of the states had localities with low prevalence of dental fluorosis; however, approximately, one-third of the states investigated the fluorosis levels showed the need of a reduction in fluoride exposure among the young population.

  16. Penalties for official and military crimes in Roman criminal law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uliya Pershina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The author considers the system of penalties for official and military crimes in the Roman criminal law. Most of the official crimes against public order in Ancient Rome was punished by exile outside the Roman state and penalties. Military discipline in the Roman army was supported by severe sanctions. They ranged from the death penalty to the imposition of special duties.

  17. 8 CFR 287.6 - Proof of official records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proof of official records. 287.6 Section 287.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS FIELD OFFICERS... deemed to be public documents: (i) Documents emanating from an authority or an official connected...

  18. Investigation and Strategy on the Humanistic Public Elective Courses in Medical Colleges in Guizhou Province%贵州省医学院校人文素质公共选修课现状及对策研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐宇宏; 潘鸿

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To understand the attitudes of medical students to public elective courses of humanistic quality and the existing problems. Method:Questionnaires were used in 1 ~5 grade students in randomly selected five medical colleges in Guizhou. Results:Total 1000 questionnaires were sent out, 957 were received, the recovery rate was 95. 7%;817 valid questionnaires, the effective rate was 81. 7%. 75. 56% of the students supported for medical colleges and uni-versities setting up humanistic quality public elective courses, but 24. 44% had negative attitude. Conclusions:It's nec-essary to make efforts to improve the mind medical student's humanistic quality. From the perspective of serving students, school should improve medical college students' humanistic quality from various aspects.%目的:了解医学生对医学院校人文素质公共选修课的态度及存在问题。方法随机抽取贵州省5所医学院校的一至五年级学生发放调查问卷。结果发放调查问卷1000份,回收957份,回收率95.7%;有效问卷817份,有效率85.37%。75.56%的学生对医学院校开设人文素质公共选修课持支持的态度,24.44%的学生持否定态度。结论提高医学生的人文素质要从服务学生的角度出发,调整人文课程,提高其针对性;加强师资力量培训,充分利用社会资源;制定考核激励措施调动教师积极性;丰富教学及考核方式。

  19. Electives in Graduate Medical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Santosh; Zayapragassarazan, Z.

    2013-01-01

    Modern curricula have both compulsory portions and electives or portions chosen by students. Electives have been a part of graduate and postgraduate general higher education. Electives are included in various standards for graduate medical education and are also included in proposed Medical Council of India Regulations on Graduate Medical…

  20. Election of the President of the Republic of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turan Yıldırım

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Republic of Turkey Constitution, Article 102 of the governing presidential elections, the Constitutional Court by the elections of deputies at a rate of at least two-thirds needed to join is in the form of comments. This interpretation is in line to cancel the elections and was president of the election crisis. Following this interpretation of the Constitutional Court, replaces the Constitution, the President elected by the people and the future is envisaged to create a system to other problems are. This work is transferred only to the Constitution and the regulations to indicate problems that may arise. Especially in the field of public support with a strong president of the Council of Ministers and the Parliament would be likely to come out fighting.

  1. The Presidential, Parliamentary and Local Elections in Malawi, May 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nandini Patel

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available On 20 May 2014, Malawi arranged tripartite elections for president, parliament and local councils. The elections were remarkable for several reasons, seen from both an African and a Malawian perspective. Despite an uneven electoral playing field, the elections were highly competitive, ultimately leading to the country’s second turnover of power when opposition challenger Peter Mutharika defeated the incumbent president, Joyce Banda. The electoral results also show a return to regionalistic voting patterns and a continuing weakening of political parties, as independent candidates emerged as the largest group in parliament. Although the results were generally credible, the election remains controversial. Several stakeholders questioned the general integrity of the process, and significant logistical problems on election day might have harmed public trust in the electoral authorities.

  2. NAGWS Volleyball Guide, 1989. Official Rules & Interpretations/Officiating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Reston, VA. National Association for Girls and Women in Sport.

    This booklet contains the official rules and interpretations for officiating in volleyball competitions. Section 1 states the National Association for Girls and Women in Sport (NAGWS) interscholastic and collegiate volleyball rules for 1989-90. Section 2 presents a summary and descriptions of officiating techniques and mechanics. Study questions…

  3. Figurines of Female Officials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Burying living people with the dead was a practice which existed in China for several thousand years. With the development of civilization, figurines began to take the place of people. Since the Qin and Han dynasties in the Third Century, officials and rich people usually prepared figurines made of wood, mud or clay, to be buried with them after their death. This practice ended in the-Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

  4. 5 CFR 891.201 - Election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... election. (c) Each retired employee who elects to receive a Government contribution toward the cost of a... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS Election and Change of Election § 891.201 Election. (a) The original period for election by each eligible retired employee was during the months of March and April 1961...

  5. VALERIU FRUNZARU, MĂDĂLINA BOŢAN, CONSTANTIN SCHIFIRNEŢ, Setting the Public Agenda on the European Union: the 2009 Elections for the European Parliament in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NICOLETA CORBU

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the media construction of the Europeanization theme in the Romanian context, starting from the theories related to agenda setting and from the studies which were conducted in this respect in older EU member states. We set out to find out, from content analysis, which are the European themes that are most visible in the electoral debates and in news reports, which is their share of the whole range of themes under discussion, whether there are differences between news bulletins broadcast by the public television station and those broadcast by private television stations, and which is the prominence of news reports related to the EU.

  6. Equation of States for Elections

    CERN Document Server

    Jin, Bih-Yaw

    2012-01-01

    In the US 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama was elected as the 44th president of United States, winning the 53% of popular votes and 68% of electoral votes; in the election of 2000, Al Gore lost the election receiving 49 % of electoral votes, although he had more popular votes. It is generally believed that the electoral votes and the popular votes are correlated; however the detailed quantitative relationship for these two quantities is unclear. Here, we found an interesting relationship between fractions of electoral votes and fractions of popular votes in the presidential elections of the United States by examining the election results from 1932 to 2004. Moreover, this curve could provide an interesting explanation for the results of other elections that have taken place in Taiwan.

  7. 政府公职人员微博接受意愿的影响因素研究%Impact Factors of Public Acceptance Intention of Microblogging with Government Officials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关欣; 张钟文; 张楠; 孟庆国

    2012-01-01

    对政府公职人员微博接受意愿的影响因素进行实证研究,结果表明:政府公职人员的微博接受意愿会受到主观人文认知和客观技术环境两个层面的影响;感知风险对于微博接受意愿的负向影响最为显著;绩效期望、付出期望、便利条件、信任网络、社会影响这些要素对微博接受意愿均存在显著正向影响。%This paper does an empirical study on impacting factors of public acceptance intention of microblogging with government officials group. The research indicates: The acceptance intention would be affected by two aspects of subjective humanistic cognition and objective technology environment. The negative impact on perceived risk to acceptance intention of microblogging is the most signif- icant. But performance expectancy, effort expectancy, facilitating conditions, trust networks and social influence have the significant positive effects to acceptance intention.

  8. Upcoming Leadership Elections

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPhaden, Mike

    2014-05-01

    AGU continues to evolve into a stronger, more innovative organization thanks to the dedication of volunteer leaders working in partnership with AGU staff. The Board and Council, which form the core of AGU's bicameral governance structure, provide guidance for the organization within the framework of its stakeholder-driven strategic plan. Members elected to Board and Council leadership positions are critically important to AGU's continued success.

  9. And after the elections!

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    What happens to the newly elected, and the re-elected delegates after the election of the new Staff Council? (see Écho No 47-48 / 2016). It is the outgoing Staff Council which is responsible for preparing the new staff representatives to take on their new roles. To do this, information days are organized in the form of assizes. This year they took place on November 23 in the afternoon; as well as on November 24, bringing together the new Staff Council. These days mainly aim to inform delegates about the role of the Staff Association (SA) at CERN, ist the organs, committees, forums, etc.; with whom the SA interacts, how the work of the Staff Association is organization, the issues on which it works (e.g., the Five-Yearly Review..). These days are like a kind of "induction". Inform, but not only! Assizes are also aiming to integrate the newcomers, inviting them to discover the various internal committees of the SA, explaining to them the challenges ahead as well as defining the act...

  10. End-To-End Verifiability in Electronic Elections

    OpenAIRE

    Risvik, Chris Csomos

    2016-01-01

    Voting has traditionally been performed by casting paper ballots in public polling places. However, advancements in computer technology in the latest decades have enabled voters to cast their votes electronically. By 2016, eleven different countries have made various trials enabling voters to cast votes on the Internet using personal devices. End-to-end verifiability is regarded by election experts as an important property for retaining democratic principles in Internet elections. Nevertheles...

  11. Public officials exposed in the Matrix

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Tundmatu arvutihäkker hüüdnimega Neo varastas Läti maksuametist andmeid avaliku sektori töötajate palkade kohta ning avaldas need suhtluskeskkonnas Twitter. See on Läti ühiskonnas tekitanud arutelu nii interneti turvalisuse kui palkade suuruse üle majanduskriisi tingimustes

  12. Public officials exposed in the Matrix

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Tundmatu arvutihäkker hüüdnimega Neo varastas Läti maksuametist andmeid avaliku sektori töötajate palkade kohta ning avaldas need suhtluskeskkonnas Twitter. See on Läti ühiskonnas tekitanud arutelu nii interneti turvalisuse kui palkade suuruse üle majanduskriisi tingimustes

  13. 78 FR 22536 - Procedural Manual for the Election Assistance Commission's Voting System Test Laboratories...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    ... COMMISSION Procedural Manual for the Election Assistance Commission's Voting System Test Laboratories Program Manual, Version 2.0 AGENCY: United States Election Assistance Commission (EAC). ACTION: Notice; publication of Voting System Test Laboratories Program Manual, Version 2.0, for 60 day public comment...

  14. Discussion on the Teaching Mode of 《Food Nutrition and Health》in the Public Elective Course in Universities%高等院校公共选修课《饮食营养与健康》教学模式的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁芳; 黄秋婵; 邱诗铭

    2016-01-01

    In order to enhance the effect of public elective course, on the teaching practice base of public elective course 《food nutrition and health》in the Guangxi Normal University for Nationalities, this article analyzes the problems appeared from the process of teaching, discussing the measures of education reform; The students's ability for analysing and solving problems and ability to think can be improved by the public elective course, and the student also can apply the guidance meal.%为了增强公选课的教学效果,在广西民族师范学院开设《饮食营养与健康》全院公选课的实践教学的基础上,该文分析教学过程存在的问题,探讨教育改革的措施;通过该课程的学习,提高了学生分析解决问题的能力,培养了大学生的思辨能力,并能运用所学指导膳食。

  15. 45 CFR 4.1 - Suits against the Department and its employees in their official capacities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... official capacities. Summonses and complaints to be served by mail on the Department of Health and Human... official capacities should be sent to the General Counsel, Department of Health and Human Services, 200... their official capacities. 4.1 Section 4.1 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

  16. On Leader Green Election

    OpenAIRE

    Cichon, Jacek; Kapelko, Rafal; Markiewicz, Dominik

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the number of survivors in the Leader Green Election (LGE) algorithm introduced by P. Jacquet, D. Milioris and P. Muhlethaler in 2013. Our method is based on the Rice method and gives quite precise formulas. We derive upper bounds on the number of survivors in this algorithm and we propose a proper use of LGE. Finally, we discuss one property of a general urns and balls problem and show a lower bound for a required number of rounds for a large class of distributed leader electi...

  17. PUBLIC SERVICE TELEVISION'S DIFFERENT WAYS OF DEALING WITH A CHANGED MEDIA LANDSCAPE: A COMPARISON OF PRE-ELECTION PROGRAM FORMATS ON DUTCH-SPEAKING AND FRENCH-SPEAKING BELGIAN PUBLIC TELEVISION

    OpenAIRE

    Eva De Smedt; Anouk Bouckaert

    2011-01-01

    Under the influence of a changing international media landscape, political programming on public service television has changed considerably since the beginning of the 1990s. Political television debates and interviews increasingly take place within hybrid program formats, in which traditional stylistic boundaries are challenged. This article focuses on the Belgian example and analyses how two Belgian public service broadcasters, the Dutch-speaking Vlaamse Radio-en Televisieomroep (VRT) and t...

  18. Official holidays in 2011

    CERN Document Server

    HR Department

    2011-01-01

    (Application of Article R II 4.39 of the Staff Regulations) Official holidays in 2011 (in addition to the special leave during the annual closure): Saturday 1 January\t(New Year) Friday 22 April\t(Good Friday) Monday 25 April\t(Easter Monday) Sunday 1 May Thursday 2 June\t(Ascension day) Friday 3 June\t(compensation granted for 1 May) Monday 13 June\t(Whit Monday) Thursday 8 September\t(“Jeûne genevois”)  Thursday 22 December\t(compensation granted for 24 December, Christmas Eve) Friday 23 December\t(compensation granted for 25 December, Christmas) Saturday 24 December\t(Christmas Eve) Sunday 25 December\t(Christmas) Thursday 29 December\t(compensation granted for 31 December, New Year’s Eve) Friday 30 December\t(compensation granted for 1 January 2012, New Year) Saturday 31 December\t(New Year’s Eve) Tel. 73903

  19. The Health Status Assessment of Public Officials by Using Human Energy Monitor%应用人体能量监测仪评估公职人员健康状态的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵润栓; 平昭; 郭晔炳; 欧映伟; 冯林

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the common characters of sub-health and health risk factors among the public officials. Methods A total of 2776 public officials were tested using human energy monitor.The score differences of health risk factors and the differences of risk detection rates (moderate and above)between males and females were compared.Results The scores of 1 2 kinds of health risk factors by descending order were lack of energy(1.1 1 ±1.01 ),susceptible to fatigue (1.09 ±1.26),stuffy nose(0.95 ±1.59),chest tightness and shortness of breath (0.94 ±0.91 ),difficulty in falling asleep (0.89 ±1.59 ),lack of appetite (0.76 ±0.76 ),anxiety (0.75 ±1.1 6 ),oral inflammation (0.75 ±1.21 ), respiratory disorders (0.69 ±0.83),eye fatigue (0.61 ±0.72),backache and leg swelling (0.60 ±0.72),and stomach upset (0.48 ±0.65 ),respectively. The scores of women were significantly higher than those of men in 1 1 kinds of health risk factors(P0.05 ).The risk detection rates (moderate and above)of women were significantly higher than that of men (P<0.01 )in the following 5 aspects:lack of energy,susceptible to fatigue, stuffy nose,mouth inflammation,and backache and leg swelling.Conclusion Chronic fatigue syndrome is the most common character of the sub-healthy public officials,and women are more prone to sub-health state.%目的:探讨公职人员亚健康常见表现及健康危险因素。方法使用人体能量监测仪对2776名公职人员进行检测,比较男、女健康危险因素分值和中度以上(含中度)风险检出率的差异。结果12种健康危险因素分值由高到低依次为精力不足(1.11±1.01)、易感疲劳(1.09±1.26)、鼻塞不通(0.95±1.59)、胸闷气短(0.94±0.91)、睡眠障碍(0.89±1.59)、饮食不振(0.76±0.76)、焦虑不安(0.75±1.16)、口腔炎症(0.75±1.21)、呼吸障碍(0.69±0.83)、眼部疲劳(0.61±0.72)、腰酸腿胀(0.60±0.72)和肠胃不适(0.48±0.65

  20. Official Statistics In a Modern Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilie DUMITRESCU

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The modern democratic society cannot efficiently and rigorously function in the absence of a solid basis of relevant and reliable statistical data, allowing for an easy and user-friendly access. Representing a “public good”, in the contemporary society, the official statistical information is meant to serve the whole society, under the conditions of maximum transparency, impartiality and equal treatment of all the categories of data users.Official statistics should adapt itself to the changes taking place in the modern society and should comply with its increased demands for high quality information. On its turn, it imposes to both national and global statistical systems major tasks of structural changes in the activity of producing and disseminating official statistics, as well as in the communication with its partners from the informational fl ow upstream, but particularly from its downstream – these being the target recipients of statistical data.The article presents the vision on the official statistics role, functions and tasks in the modern society, as against the major challenges regarding the transformation of statistical information into knowledge, the promotion of statistical literacy and culture, ensuring the usefulness and the large scale use of statistical data.

  1. Official Union Time Tracking System

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — Official Union Time Tracking System captures the reporting and accounting of the representational activity for all American Federation of Government Employees (AFGE)...

  2. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : CHIAVERI First Name : Enrico I have been a CERN staff member since 1973 and have always been interested in our working conditions. As a member of the Executive Committee of the Staff Association I participated from 1980 to 1984 in the Working Group on Pensions mandated by the CERN Council. This commitment led to my becoming a member of the Governing Board of the Pension Fund in 1983, since when I have taken an active part in various commissions and working groups (Real Estate Asset Management Committee, Working Group on Actuarial Matters etc.); in so doing I have gained a thorough knowledge of different areas of the Pension Fund. Since ...

  3. ELECTIONS - Pension Fund

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: First name: Michel Name: Goossens The CERN/ESO Pension Fund represents, for most staff, the sole source of income when they retire. The health of our Pension Fund is thus of the utmost importance to ensure the payment of pensions up to the death of the last beneficiary. The 2003 actuarial review showed a large deficit and several corrective measures have already been taken. The next months will see the results of the 2006 actuarial review. We hope they will show that the measures taken last year are going in the right direction. However, we must remain proactive since further measures will no doubt be necessary. New and imaginative proposals must be prepared and discussed in the widest possible forum, by regular direct contact ...

  4. ELECTIONS - Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: First name: Michel Name: Goossens The CERN/ESO Pension Fund represents, for most staff, the sole source of income when they retire. The health of our Pension Fund is thus of the utmost importance to ensure the payment of pensions up to the death of the last beneficiary. The 2003 actuarial review showed a large deficit and several corrective measures have already been taken. The next months will see the results of the 2006 actuarial review. We hope they will show that the measures taken last year are going in the right direction. However, we must remain proactive since further measures will no doubt be necessary. New and imaginative proposals must be prepared and discussed in the widest possible forum, by regular direct contact with staff...

  5. ELECTIONS - Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: First name: Michel Name: Goossens The CERN/ESO Pension Fund represents, for most staff, the sole source of income when they retire. The health of our Pension Fund is thus of the utmost importance to ensure the payment of pensions up to the death of the last beneficiary. The 2003 actuarial review showed a large deficit and several corrective measures have already been taken. The next months will see the results of the 2006 actuarial review. We hope they will show that the measures taken last year are going in the right direction. However, we must remain proactive since further measures will no doubt be necessary. New and imaginative proposals must be prepared and discussed in the widest possible forum, by regular direct contact with staf...

  6. Neurodynamics of an election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha, Armando Freitas; Rocha, Fábio Theoto; Burattini, Marcelo Nascimento; Massad, Eduardo

    2010-09-10

    Variables influencing decision-making in real settings, as in the case of voting decisions, are uncontrollable and in many times even unknown to the experimenter. In this case, the experimenter has to study the intention to decide (vote) as close as possible in time to the moment of the real decision (election day). Here, we investigated the brain activity associated with the voting intention declared 1 week before the election day of the Brazilian Firearms Control Referendum about prohibiting the commerce of firearms. Two alliances arose in the Congress to run the campaigns for YES (for the prohibition of firearm commerce) and NO (against the prohibition of firearm commerce) voting. Time constraints imposed by the necessity of studying a reasonable number (here, 32) of voters during a very short time (5 days) made the EEG the tool of choice for recording the brain activity associated with voting decision. Recent fMRI and EEG studies have shown decision-making as a process due to the enrollment of defined neuronal networks. In this work, a special EEG technique is applied to study the topology of the voting decision-making networks and is compared to the results of standard ERP procedures. The results show that voting decision-making enrolled networks in charge of calculating the benefits and risks of the decision of prohibiting or allowing firearm commerce and that the topology of such networks was vote- (i.e., YES/NO-) sensitive.

  7. Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    Elections to fill all seats in the Staff Council are being organized this month. The voting takes place from the 28 of October to the 11th of November, at noon. As you may have noted when reading Echo, many issues concerning our employment conditions are on the agenda of the coming months, and in particular the Five-yearly-Review 2015, subject of the questionnaire that you probably recently filled out. All this will keep the next Staff Council very busy indeed. So, make your voice heard and take part in the elections for a new Staff Council. By doing so, you will be encouraging the men and women who will be representing you over the next two years and they will doubtless appreciate your gratitude. Every member of the Staff Association will have received an email containing a link to the webpage which will allow voting. If you are a member of the Staff Association and you did not receive such an email, please contact the Staff Association secretariat (staff.association@cern.ch). Do not forget to v...

  8. NAGWS Volleyball Guide 1990: Official Rules & Interpretations/Officiating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Reston, VA. National Association for Girls and Women in Sport.

    This guide presents the 1990 update of the National Association for Girls & Women in Sport (NAGWS) interscholastic and collegiate volleyball rules. It includes the official U.S. volleyball rules and a summary of rule changes, definitions of skills and fouls, and a summary of penalties. Officiating techniques and mechanics are covered with a…

  9. Elections and landmark policies in Tanzania and Uganda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Anne Mette; Therkildsen, Ole

    2013-01-01

    Much of the relevant literature on Africa downplays the salience of elections for policy-making and implementation. Instead, the importance of factors such as clientelism, ethnicity, organized interest group and donor influence, is emphasized. We argue that, in addition, elections now motivate...... political elites to focus on policies they perceive to be able to gain votes. This is based on analyses of six landmark decisions made during the last fifteen years in the social, productive and public finance sectors in Tanzania and Uganda. Such policies share a number of key characteristics......: they are clearly identifiable with the party in power; citizens country-wide are targeted; and policy implementation aim at immediate, visible results. The influence of elections on policy making and implementation could therefore be more significant in countries where elections are more competitive than...

  10. Elections to the Senior Staff Advisory Committee 2005 ("The Nine")

    CERN Multimedia

    R. Rayson

    2005-01-01

    The votes for the above-mentioned elections were counted in public on Friday 17 June 2004 at 16:00. The results are as follows Voting roll 474 Envelopes returned by deadline 312 Invalid votes 3 Blank 1 Valid votes 308 Electoral Group 2 Name Dept. Votes Tony Cass IT 28 Paolo Cennini AB 31 Miguel Angel Marquina IT 22 Reinoud Martens IT 34 John Pedersen TS 25 Wayne Salter IT 18 Rudiger Schmidt AB 91 Detlef Swoboda TS 9 Elena Wildner AT 38 The following person is elected in Group 2 : Rudiger Schmidt. His mandate is for three years. Electoral Group 5a Name Dept. Votes Eva-Maria Groniger-Voss DSU 74 Monica Pepe-Altarelli HR 82 Matti Tiirakari FI 24 Anders Unnervik FI 79 The following person is elected in Group 5a : Monica PEPE-ALTARELLI. Her mandate is for three years. The Committee now consists of these newly-elected members toge...

  11. 2009 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2009-01-01

    Stand for election Until now you may have been unsure whether to stand for election. If you would like to serve the Staff Association’s ideal of excellence, then take the plunge and become a candidate now. To do this, go to our web site where a short flash animation1 explains the role of a delegate.

  12. Official Statistics and Statistics Education: Bridging the Gap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gal Iddo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to challenge official statistics providers and statistics educators to ponder on how to help non-specialist adult users of statistics develop those aspects of statistical literacy that pertain to official statistics. We first document the gap in the literature in terms of the conceptual basis and educational materials needed for such an undertaking. We then review skills and competencies that may help adults to make sense of statistical information in areas of importance to society. Based on this review, we identify six elements related to official statistics about which non-specialist adult users should possess knowledge in order to be considered literate in official statistics: (1 the system of official statistics and its work principles; (2 the nature of statistics about society; (3 indicators; (4 statistical techniques and big ideas; (5 research methods and data sources; and (6 awareness and skills for citizens’ access to statistical reports. Based on this ad hoc typology, we discuss directions that official statistics providers, in cooperation with statistics educators, could take in order to (1 advance the conceptualization of skills needed to understand official statistics, and (2 expand educational activities and services, specifically by developing a collaborative digital textbook and a modular online course, to improve public capacity for understanding of official statistics.

  13. Bayesian inference on proportional elections.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Hideki Vatanabe Brunello

    Full Text Available Polls for majoritarian voting systems usually show estimates of the percentage of votes for each candidate. However, proportional vote systems do not necessarily guarantee the candidate with the most percentage of votes will be elected. Thus, traditional methods used in majoritarian elections cannot be applied on proportional elections. In this context, the purpose of this paper was to perform a Bayesian inference on proportional elections considering the Brazilian system of seats distribution. More specifically, a methodology to answer the probability that a given party will have representation on the chamber of deputies was developed. Inferences were made on a Bayesian scenario using the Monte Carlo simulation technique, and the developed methodology was applied on data from the Brazilian elections for Members of the Legislative Assembly and Federal Chamber of Deputies in 2010. A performance rate was also presented to evaluate the efficiency of the methodology. Calculations and simulations were carried out using the free R statistical software.

  14. To improve their predictions, election forecasters should look to other disciplines like meteorology

    OpenAIRE

    Michael S. Lewis-Beck; Stegmaier, Mary

    2014-01-01

    The recent surge in public attention to election predictions has generated much discussion about how to improve forecasting model accuracy. Michael S. Lewis-Beck and Mary Stegmaier argue that advances in weather forecasting hold lessons for election forecasting. First, like weather models, election models should be based on sound theory. Second, more intensive data gathering, especially at the state level with repeated measurements over time, will capture the dynamics of the campaign and ulti...

  15. Quantum Leader Election

    CERN Document Server

    Ganz, Maor

    2009-01-01

    A group of n individuals who do not trust each other and are located far away from each other, want to select a leader. This is the leader election problem, a natural extension of the coin flipping problem to n players. We want a protocol which will guarantee that an honest player will have almost 1/n chance of winning, regardless of what the other players do (whether they are honest, cheating alone or in groups). It is known to be impossible classically. This work gives a simple algorithm that does it, based on the weak coin flipping protocol with arbitrarily small bias recently derived by Mochon [2007]. The protocol is quite simple to achieve if the number of rounds is linear; We provide an improvement to logarithmic number of rounds.

  16. Online Political Campaigning during the 2014 Regional Elections in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Baranowski

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is dedicated to the analysis and evaluation of political communication on a regional level. Without any doubt, the Internet revolution affected electoral campaigning on every level. Online campaigning before local elections is often marginalized by political scientists and other scholars researching political marketing. However, the question emerges: are the candidates aware of the possibilities that new media has brought to political communication? Content analysis of all the major online communication tools has allowed the author to analyze the patterns of using websites, official Facebook profiles and Twitter accounts of candidates during the 2014 Lower Silesian Regional assembly elections. The Lower Silesian Voivodeship is among the fastest developing regions in Poland with high Internet penetration rate. Is the Internet campaign treated as a second-class way to communicate with potential voters, or is it perceived as an opportunity to reach electorate online?

  17. Online Political Campaigning during the 2014 Regional Elections in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Baranowski

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is dedicated to the analysis and evaluation of political communication on a regional level. Without any doubt, the Internet revolution affected electoral campaigning on every level. Online campaigning before local elections is often marginalized by political scientists and other scholars researching political marketing. However, the question emerges: are the candidates aware of the possibilities that new media has brought to political communication? Content analysis of all the major online communication tools has allowed the author to analyze the patterns of using websites, official Facebook profiles and Twitter accounts of candidates during the 2014 Lower Silesian Regional assembly elections. The Lower Silesian Voivodeship is among the fastest developing regions in Poland with high Internet penetration rate. Is the Internet campaign treated as a second-class way to communicate with potential voters, or is it perceived as an opportunity to reach electorate online?

  18. 计算机组装与维护公共选修课教学探析%Analysis on Teaching of Computer Assembly and Maintenance Public Elective Course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘延锋; 徐晓昭

    2013-01-01

    This paper points out that, in the higher vocational colleges in teaching computer assembly and maintenance public elective course for non computer majors, mainly exist the old curriculum system, lack of practice condition, lag of teaching mate-rials, single teaching mode problems, through the analysis of the problems, gives the corresponding teaching suggestions, make ap-propriate syllabus, apply the virtual machine technology to carry out the experiment and training, collect and supplement comput-er knowledge of new technology, use the various teaching methods;in addition, this paper also gives through social investigation, organize competition of computer assembly and maintenance, set up campus voluntary maintenance team and other activities in the spare time, to improve their computer assembly and maintenance skills.%该文指出了在高职院校针对非计算机专业学生开设计算机组装与维护公共选修课教学实践中主要存在的课程体系陈旧、实践实训条件匮乏、教材滞后、授课方式单一等问题,通过对问题的分析,给出了相应的教学建议,制定合适的教学大纲、应用虚拟机技术开展实验实训、搜集补充计算机新技术知识、灵活采用多种方式授课;此外,该文还给出了在课余时间通过社会实践调查、组织计算机组装与维护大赛、成立校园义务维修队等多种活动,切实提高学生的计算机组装维护技能。

  19. Role of Local Elected Leaders in Community Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwar Alam

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This research focuses on the role of local elected leaders in community development at union council Katti Garhi, District Mardan. To collect the relevant data the researcher selected 60 community members and 12 elected union council members including Nazim and Niab Nazim of the area through purposive sampling basis. Questionnaire was used for the educated while interview schedule was used for un-educated respondents for data collection. The study indicates the role of local elected leaders in establishment of community organizations, mobilization of the community for community development, monitoring program for community development, provision of social services, sanitation, street pavements, streetlights, health facilities, education facilities (Free books, uniform and scholarships etc., adult education, provision of technical skill and vocational training center in the area. Community members mentioned that they are in need of public parks, playgrounds, public latrines, fire brigade, and waiting rooms for the passengers, pavement of roadsides and improvement in drinking and irrigation water.

  20. Conditional election and partisan cycles in government support to the agricultural sector : An empirical analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, J.G.; de Haan, J.

    2013-01-01

    We examine the effect of elections and government ideology on public funding to the agricultural sector using a panel model for more than 70 democratic countries from 1975-2009. We find that support for agriculture increases prior to elections, and that right-wing governments redistribute more incom

  1. 42 CFR 422.50 - Eligibility to elect an MA plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Eligibility to elect an MA plan. 422.50 Section 422... Eligibility to elect an MA plan. For this subpart, all references to an MA plan include MA-PD and both MA local and MA regional plans, as defined in § 422.2 unless specifically noted otherwise. (a)...

  2. Conditional Election and Partisan Cycles in Government Support to the Agricultural Sector: An Empirical Analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, J.G.; Haan, de J.

    2013-01-01

    We examine the effect of elections and government ideology on public funding to the agricultural sector using a panel model for more than 70 democratic countries from 1975-2009.We find that support for agriculture increases prior to elections, and that right-wing governments redistribute more income

  3. The 2010 Citizens Clean Elections Voter Education Guide: Constructing the "Illegal Immigrant" in the Arizona Voter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitney, Justin G.

    2013-01-01

    This "essay" (article) is a close and critical look at The 2010 Citizens Clean Elections Voter Education Guide, a document made available to the Arizona public prior to the 2010 state General elections. Though the guide is described as "a nonpartisan, plain-language handbook" by its authors, it can be implicated in the…

  4. Election Administration and Democratization Process in Nigeria: An Appraisal of 2007-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawrence Ime Edet

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The study analyzed the impact of election administration and Nigeria’s democratization process using 2007-2015 general elections as the focal point. The study avers that elections in Nigeria during the period were characterized by various problems, resulting in questionable electoral outcomes. This was largely due to weak political institutions, mainly, the Independent National Election Commission (INEC. INEC lacks financial, institutional and administrative independence, as evidenced by its funding and composition by the presidency, as well as its lack of professional staff and security of tenure for its officials. This study, therefore, critically examines election administration in Nigeria within the periods and how such elections influenced democratization process in the Country. In achieving this objective, the study relied on content analysis and adopted abstraction from liberal democratic theory. Elections can only promote and institutionalize democratization in Nigeria if the electoral processes are reviewed in certain ways that fundamentally address the capacity and independence of INEC, to discharge its responsibilities effectively and efficiently. This study revealed that democratization through election administration depends largely on the institutional foundations of the electoral processes, especially, the INEC. A professional, impartial and independent INEC would provide better prospects of effective election administration in Nigeria. This study, however, recommends, among others, that electoral laws should be strengthened to encourage stiff punishment for electoral offenders as well as beneficiaries of fraudulent elections. The study conclude that the trend towards challenging electoral fraud in the courts and the judicial decisions, signal a strengthening of democratic principles and gives some hopes for democratization.

  5. PENSION FUND - ELECTIONS

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund.   Candidate: Name: RANJARD First Name: Florence Having been a member of the Governing Board of the Pension Fund since 1983 as Guy Maurin’s alternate, I am standing for a further 3-year term of office. Over the past few years work has concentrated essentially on following items: Monitoring of the work of the fund managers and their performances. The three-yearly study of the Fund’s actuarial situation. The pension guarantees ­ second phase. The Fund is approaching its maturity: the level of benefits exceeds contributions. In this context it has to strike a suitable balance between management of the risk from a dynamic investment policy, while by a prudent policy avoiding any significant loss of its capital. These will be my concerns within the Governing Board of the Pension Fund if you give me your support.

  6. Quantum leader election

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganz, Maor

    2017-03-01

    A group of n individuals A1,ldots An who do not trust each other and are located far away from each other, want to select a leader. This is the leader election problem, a natural extension of the coin flipping problem to n players. We want a protocol which will guarantee that an honest player will have at least 1/n-ɛ chance of winning (forall ɛ >0), regardless of what the other players do (whether they are honest, cheating alone or in groups). It is known to be impossible classically. This work gives a simple algorithm that does it, based on the weak coin flipping protocol with arbitrarily small bias derived by Mochon (Quantum weak coin flipping with arbitrarily small bias, arXiv:0711.4114, 2000) in 2007, and recently published and simplified in Aharonov et al. (SIAM J Comput, 2016). A protocol with linear number of coin flipping rounds is quite simple to achieve; we further provide an improvement to logarithmic number of coin flipping rounds. This is a much improved journal version of a preprint posted in 2009; the first protocol with linear number of rounds was achieved independently also by Aharon and Silman (New J Phys 12:033027, 2010) around the same time.

  7. Elections in November

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    Become a delegate, it’s simple! CERN’s employment conditions have had a rather hard time over the past few years. The Staff Association, with the support of the staff, has managed to avoid the worst on many occasions. The next few years will be decisive, which is why we must continue to be on the scene, active, a source of proposals, and a real negotiating partner. The Staff Association is your only formal representative vis-à-vis the Management and the Member States, and the Staff Council your voice. A rapidly evolving Staff Association In November, all 60 seats in the Staff Council must be filled. All delegates are therefore outgoing. About a dozen current delegates have informed us that they will not stand for election again, which corresponds to a standard turnover. We thank these outgoing delegates for their past investment. If you are interested in the work of the Staff Association, become involved. We need new, talented, enthusiastic people who are willing to inv...

  8. PENSION FUND - ELECTIONS

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund.   Candidate: Name: MAURIN First Name: Guy I have been a member of the personnel since 1967 and as early as 1972 I was involved, in my capacity as President of the Staff Association, in the improvement of the Pension Fund benefits. As for most of us the Pension Fund is the only social provident scheme to which we belong, it is important to ensure that it is well managed and in balance. As a member of the Governing Board since 1974 and Vice-Chairman of this Board since 1977, I have continued to pursue these objectives. One of the main responsibilities of the Governing Board is our asset investment policy. The Investment Committee, of which I am Chairman, must have an overall view of the management of our 4 billion Swiss francs and seek the best yield with minimum risk. The investment structure must continuously be adapted i...

  9. Tactical Voting in Plurality Elections

    CERN Document Server

    Araújo, Nuno A M; Herrmann, Hans J; 10.1371/journal.pone.0012446

    2010-01-01

    How often will elections end in landslides? What is the probability for a head-to-head race? Analyzing ballot results from several large countries rather anomalous and yet unexplained distributions have been observed. We identify tactical voting as the driving ingredient for the anomalies and introduce a model to study its effect on plurality elections, characterized by the relative strength of the feedback from polls and the pairwise interaction between individuals in the society. With this model it becomes possible to explain the polarization of votes between two candidates, understand the small margin of victories frequently observed for different elections, and analyze the polls' impact in American, Canadian, and Brazilian ballots. Moreover, the model reproduces, quantitatively, the distribution of votes obtained in the Brazilian mayor elections with two, three, and four candidates.

  10. 5 CFR 850.202 - Survivor elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Survivor elections. 850.202 Section 850... (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT SYSTEMS MODERNIZATION Applications for Benefits; Elections § 850.202 Survivor elections. (a) A survivor election under subsection (j) or (k) of section 8339, or under section 8416,...

  11. Getting elections right? Measuring electoral integrity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ham, C.T.

    2015-01-01

    Holding elections has become a global norm. Unfortunately, the integrity of elections varies strongly, ranging from “free and fair” elections with genuine contestation to “façade” elections marred by manipulation and fraud. Clearly, electoral integrity is a topic of increasing concern. Yet electoral

  12. Determinants of voter behaviour at presidential elections in a post-socialist context: the case of Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Hafner Fink

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article attempts to fill the gap in the literature regarding the determinants of voter behaviour at presidential elections in a post-socialist context, taking into acco - unt the changing patterns of competition both within the party system (parliamentary elections and at presidential elections. Slovenia is taken as a case study of predictors of voting behaviour at presidential elections (1997, 2002, 2007 and 2012 based on bivariate and multivariate methods using Politbarometer public opinion survey data. The key findings are that the predictors of voting behaviour change over time and that party identification has recently been declining in importance as a predictor of voting behaviour at presidential elections.

  13. School Governing Body Election Deficiencies – Deliberative Democracy Knocking at the Door

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius Smit

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available As forums, School Governing Bodies have the makings of a great and unique South African democratic tradition as they reflect local deliberations, participative decision-making by stakeholders in education. The main contention of this article is that the SGB election processes at many public schools in South Africa are deficient. Legal analysis reveals the extent of non-uniformity of SGB election regulations among the nine provinces, as well as unlawful regulatory provisions, the unfair and undemocratic administration of the election process and misconceptions about democracy are causal factors that result deficiencies in SGB elections. The qualitative evidence affirms that parents are concerned about the insufficient information about candidates before and during elections, thus preventing voters from making informed decisions. Undemocratic features in the election process results in the election of unsuitable or incompetent candidates which has a detrimental effect on the governance of public schools. It is therefore recommended that a new set of nationally uniform SGB election regulations, which allows for transparent deliberation between candidates and voters should be promulgated before the next SGB election in order to address these shortcomings.

  14. Conscious Political Participation of Citizenry and Transformation of Electoral Institutions:A Case Study of the 2003 Competitive Election for Deputies to District People's Congress in Shenzhen%公民自主性政治参与与选举制度转型--以2003年深圳区级人大代表竞选群体性案例为解读对象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄卫平; 唐娟; 邹树彬

    2004-01-01

    @@ I. Introduction Elections are the sine qua non, if not the totality, of the modern democratic process. An election is inherently competitive.Elections without competition can't be elec tions in any real sense. Although it has been 40 years since the institution of direct election for deputies of people's congresses came into effect at the levels of township and town,and districts in some cities, and 20 years for that at the county level, they remain inadequately competitive. For the public, it is no more than a game played above their heads that signifies little. For officials at various levels, well-accustomed to assignments from above, elections are purely formalities. As a result, we have only had guaranteed elec tions when it concerns the deputies of people's congresses.1 If there is any competition between candidates in the game, it is directed at winning their leaders' trust, rather than that of common voters. They are thus detached from common voters who play a mainly inslxumental role in voting. Voting is not an expression of-that is to say, not a choice between-interests. Voter's votes have nothing to do with their interests.

  15. 75 FR 43799 - Employee Contribution Elections and Contribution Allocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ... Part 1600 Employee Contribution Elections and Contribution Allocations AGENCY: Federal Retirement...), which was established by the Federal Employees' Retirement System Act of 1986 (FERSA), Public Law 99-335...-79. The TSP is a tax-deferred retirement savings plan for Federal civilian employees and members...

  16. 75 FR 34388 - Employee Contribution Elections and Contribution Allocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ...; ] FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD 5 CFR Part 1600 Employee Contribution Elections and... Employees' Retirement System Act of 1986 (FERSA), Public Law 99-335, 100 Stat. 514. The TSP provisions of... retirement savings plan for Federal civilian employees and members of the uniformed services. The TSP...

  17. International electives in neurology training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Jennifer L.; Coleman, Mary E.; Engstrom, John W.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To ascertain the current status of global health training and humanitarian relief opportunities in US and Canadian postgraduate neurology programs. Background: There is a growing interest among North American trainees to pursue medical electives in low- and middle-income countries. Such training opportunities provide many educational and humanitarian benefits but also pose several challenges related to organization, human resources, funding, and trainee and patient safety. The current support and engagement of neurology postgraduate training programs for trainees to pursue international rotations is unknown. Methods: A survey was distributed to all program directors in the United States and Canada (December 2012–February 2013) through the American Academy of Neurology to assess the training opportunities, institutional partnerships, and support available for international neurology electives. Results: Approximately half of responding programs (53%) allow residents to pursue global health–related electives, and 11% reported that at least 1 trainee participated in humanitarian relief during training (survey response rate 61%, 143/234 program directors). Canadian programs were more likely to allow residents to pursue international electives than US programs (10/11, 91% vs 65/129, 50%, p = 0.023). The number of trainees participating in international electives was low: 0%–9% of residents (55% of programs) and 10%–19% of residents (21% of programs). Lack of funding was the most commonly cited reason for residents not participating in global health electives. If funding was available, 93% of program directors stated there would be time for residents to participate. Most program directors (75%) were interested in further information on global health electives. Conclusions: In spite of high perceived interest, only half of US neurology training programs include international electives, mostly due to a reported lack of funding. By contrast, the majority

  18. Memory for the 2008 Presidential election in healthy aging and Mild Cognitive Impairment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waring, Jill D.; Seiger, Ashley N.; Solomon, Paul R.; Budson, Andrew E.; Kensinger, Elizabeth A.

    2014-01-01

    Objective The present study examined memory accuracy and confidence for personal and public event details of the 2008 Presidential election in healthy older adults and those with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Method Participants completed phone interviews within a week after the election and after a 10-month delay. Results MCI patients and healthy older adults had comparable emotional reactions to learning the outcome of the election, with most people finding it to be a positive experience. After the delay period, details about the election were better remembered by all participants than a less emotionally arousing comparison event. However, MCI patients had more difficulty than healthy older adults correctly recalling details of public information about the election, although often the MCI patients could recognize the correct details. Conclusion This is the first study to show that MCI patients’ memory can benefit from emotionally arousing positive events, complementing the literature demonstrating similar effects for negative events. PMID:24533684

  19. THE ROLE OF THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR - MAIN TENDENCIES IN MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP SKILLS OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin BRĂGARU

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The public administrator (city manager has to be a professional in mastering the science of planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, reporting, and budgeting. He must be equipped to research issues and offer solutions, draft proposals for legislation and regulations, prepare statements and presentations for testimony, conduct negotiations, build coalitions, and advocate client positions to legislators, other elected/appointed officials, and their staffs. Public administrator must provide representation at the state and other levels of government for businesses, associations, individuals, and non-profit organizations.Having as a role model the good politics from the other european union member states,the institution of public administrator has proven it’s utillty in Romania due to full initiative of several mayors and presidents of county councils.

  20. Modified Bully Algorithm using Election Commission

    CERN Document Server

    Rahman, Muhammad Mahbubur

    2010-01-01

    Electing leader is a vital issue not only in distributed computing but also in communication network [1, 2, 3, 4, 5], centralized mutual exclusion algorithm [6, 7], centralized control IPC, etc. A leader is required to make synchronization between different processes. And different election algorithms are used to elect a coordinator among the available processes in the system such a way that there will be only one coordinator at any time. Bully election algorithm is one of the classical and well-known approaches in coordinator election process. This paper will present a modified version of bully election algorithm using a new concept called election commission. This approach will not only reduce redundant elections but also minimize total number of elections and hence it will minimize message passing, network traffic, and complexity of the existing system.

  1. 2 CFR 180.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspending official. 180.1010 Section 180.1010 Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND...) Definitions § 180.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending official means an agency official who is...

  2. 29 CFR 98.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Suspending official. 98.1010 Section 98.1010 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 98.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending official means an agency official who is authorized to impose...

  3. 22 CFR 208.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Suspending official. 208.1010 Section 208.1010 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 208.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending official means an agency official...

  4. 21 CFR 1404.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Suspending official. 1404.1010 Section 1404.1010 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1404.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending official means an agency official...

  5. 34 CFR 85.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... designated by the agency head. (b) Authority: E.O. 12549 (3 CFR, 1986 Comp., p. 189); E.O 12689 (3 CFR, 1989... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Suspending official. 85.1010 Section 85.1010 Education...) Definitions § 85.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending official means an agency official who is...

  6. 2016 Romanian Parliamentary Election. Between Political Change and Systemic Continuity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Buti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article represents an analysis of the 2016 Romanian general elections in terms of two types of factors. The first factor is a technical one and it is represented by the electoral law, specifically the principle and the methods of converting votes into mandates. The evaluation of the RP system used to elect MPs aims its effects which were operationalized by the electoral disproportionality index. The second factor is a political one and it aims both quantitative and qualitative changes generated by the 8th electoral moment of the Romanian postcommunism. It’s about the party system architecture, but also the political composition of the new parliament. Specifically, the article assesses whether the desideratum of „reforming the political class”, which has a massive presence in the public space, finds its counterpart in the electoral options expressed in the 2016 parliamentary elections.

  7. ELECTIONS TO THE SENIOR STAFF ADVISORY COMMITTEE 2000 ('THE NINE')

    CERN Multimedia

    Rob Rayson; Polling Officer

    2000-01-01

    The votes for the above-mentioned elections were counted in public at 5 p.m. on Thursday, 22 June 2000.The results are as follows :Voting roll554Envelopes returned by deadline370\t(67%)Invalid votes5Blank1Valid votes364Electoral GroupNameVotesGroup 1Dieter Schlatter218Group 2Tiziano Camporesi147 Jürgen Knobloch107 Livio Mapelli94 Michel Mayoud134 Hermann Schmickler117 Alan Silverman89 Pierre Strubin191The following persons are elected :One in Group 1Dieter Schlatter/EPThree in Group 2Tiziano Camporesi/EPMichel Mayoud/ESTPierre Strubin/LHCTheir mandates are for three years.The Committee now consists of these newly elected members together with G. Altarelli, J. Cuthbert, G. Geschonke, J. Schinzel and W. vonRueden.Rob Rayson - Polling OfficerTel. 72808

  8. ELECTIONS TO THE SENIOR STAFF ADVISORY COMMITTEE 2002 ('THE NINE')

    CERN Multimedia

    R. Rayson

    2002-01-01

    The votes for the above-mentioned elections were counted in public on Monday 17 June 2002 at 5 p.m. The results are as follows: Voting roll 520 Envelopes returned by deadline 313 (60.2%) Invalid votes 6 Blank 5 Valid votes 302 Electoral Group Name Votes Group 2 FOFFANO Sue MEYER Thomas Christian NIINIKOSKI Tapio PREGERNIG Ludwig SWOBODA Detlef ULLALAND Olav 98 42 28 28 25 68 Group 5a DALLMAN David PETTENATI Corrado TIIRAKARI Matti 58 94 69 The following persons are elected: One in group 2: Sue FOFFANO/AS One in group 5a: Corrado PETTENATI/ETT Their mandates are for three years.   The Committee now consists of these newly-elected members together with P. Bloch, T. Camporesi, H. Dijkstra, R. Garoby, M. Mayoud, F. Ranjard and P. Strubin. R. Rayson/HR - Polling Officer Tel. 72808

  9. A psychodynamic perspective on elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clemens, Norman A

    2010-11-01

    In a democracy, elections are the way in which the collective thought processes of the voters arrive at a decision to direct their government. The author explores how the individual voter assesses and resolves many conflicting internal and external forces to arrive at a vote. The midterm elections of 2010 illustrate the parallel between individual resolution of conflicting forces and the process of a campaign leading to the outcome of an election. The psychodynamic concepts of conflict and compromise, affects, aggression, unconscious forces, mechanisms of defense, superego, and the ego's integrative functions are evident in both the individual voter and the collective electoral process. The author expresses concern about the historical vulnerability of democracies and the unbalancing effect of allowing limitless infusion of anonymous corporate money to pour into campaigns.

  10. Applied Formal Methods for Elections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Jian

    2016-01-01

    bounded model-checking and satisfiability modulo theories (SMT) solvers can be used to check these criteria. Voter Experience: Technology profoundly affects the voter experience. These effects need to be measured and the data should be used to make decisions regarding the implementation of the electoral...... to voting software producing evidence so that can be retroactively analyzed, in case that something went wrong. There are two possible ways to analyze implementations for verifiability, first statically, i.e. before the technology is deployed, which gives the developers the opportunity to fix issues during...... development time, or second dynamically, i.e. monitoring while an implementation is used during an election, or after the election is over, for forensic analysis. This thesis contains two chapters on this subject: the chapter Analyzing Implementations of Election Technologies describes a technique...

  11. Anaemia in elective orthopaedic surgery - Royal Adelaide Hospital, Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearney, B; To, J; Southam, K; Howie, D; To, B

    2016-01-01

    An anaemia clinic was established to improve the preoperative management of elective orthopaedic patients scheduled for arthroplasty. This paper is a report on the first 100 patients assessed. To assess the incidence and causes of anaemia in patients on a waiting list for elective arthroplasty in a public hospital and to assess the impact of anaemia detection in this patient population. Patients attending an Anaemia Clinic for elective orthopaedic surgical patients, during March 2010 to June 2013 were studied. Outcome measures included change in haemoglobin preoperative results and perioperative transfusion rates by preoperative haemoglobin. Seventeen per cent of patients scheduled for elective surgery were found to be anaemic. Of the 100 patients who attended, approximately half were found to be iron deficient and the remainder had anaemia of chronic disease. Serum ferritin anaemia were able to be treated, in all cases, to achieve a significant increase in preoperative haemoglobin. The general unavailability of erythropoietin limited effective intervention for the non-iron-deficient anaemic patients. Seven patients had their surgery cancelled because of the screening programme. Half of the anaemic patients in a joint replacement screening clinic were iron deficient, and treatment was effective in improving the pre-operative haemoglobin and reducing perioperative transfusion rates. This screening process should improve patient outcome. Another important finding in this group of patients is that ferritin levels cannot be reliably used as the sole indicator in the diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia in this group of patients undergoing elective arthroplasty. © 2015 Royal Australasian College of Physicians.

  12. Receipt-Free Secure Elections

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    A fundamental requirement for secure and uncoercible elections is the receipt-free property; if voters cannot prove how they voted to anyone other than themselves, then they cannot be coerced by a second party to cast a particular vote. We begin by describing a protocol for receipt-free elections that was developed by Benaloh & Tuinstra, and then show how this protocol, although correct, is impractical to implement. We then show how to modify this protocol to make it practical to implement. O...

  13. SSSA Outreach: Dig It: The Secrets of Soil, Public Service Announcements, and Science Policy Efforts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierzynski, Gary M.; Megonigal, Patrick; Glasener, Karl; Bergfeld, Ellen; Brevik, Eric

    2013-04-01

    The Soil Science Society of America has invested heavily in two significant outreach efforts to help raise awareness of the soil resource among the general public and with elected officials and relevant federal agencies in Washington DC. Dig It: The Secrets of Soil began as an exhibit at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History and ran from July 2008 through January 2010. The exhibit was rich in the use of audio-visual elements and contained a collection of the state soils from all 50 states and numerous interactive displays for all ages. Variations of the exhibit have been on display at three locations outside of Washington DC with the current location being the Bell Museum of Natural History in Minneapolis. The exhibit has been extremely successful in elevating awareness of soils to audiences with little preconceived knowledge on the subject. The success of the Dig It exhibit encouraged SSSA to further invest in three public service announcements that have been widely distributed with 570 downloads and >17,000 views (in English and Spanish) on YouTube and the I "Heart" Soil web site. In addition, I "Heart" Soil stickers were developed and >50,000 have been requested and distributed. Our Science Policy Office has recently been expanded based on evidence of positive impact in Washington DC. The formation of the Congressional Soils Caucus has increased awareness of soils within the House of Representatives and is being expanded to the Senate. A new Urban Lands Coalition has been developed that will greatly expand awareness of the value of soils in urban environments, particularly for elected officials. The Science Policy office organizes member visits with elected officials to advocate for science funding, agency visits to promote awareness of the discipline among a wide ranging of funding sources for research, has had substantial impact on a number of high profile reports, and works closely with allied scientific and professional organizations with common

  14. Weather conditions and political party vote share in Dutch national parliament elections, 1971-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisinga, Rob; Te Grotenhuis, Manfred; Pelzer, Ben

    2012-11-01

    Inclement weather on election day is widely seen to benefit certain political parties at the expense of others. Empirical evidence for this weather-vote share hypothesis is sparse however. We examine the effects of rainfall and temperature on share of the votes of eight political parties that participated in 13 national parliament elections, held in the Netherlands from 1971 to 2010. This paper merges the election results for all Dutch municipalities with election-day weather observations drawn from all official weather stations well distributed over the country. We find that the weather parameters affect the election results in a statistically and politically significant way. Whereas the Christian Democratic party benefits from substantial rain (10 mm) on voting day by gaining one extra seat in the 150-seat Dutch national parliament, the left-wing Social Democratic (Labor) and the Socialist parties are found to suffer from cold and wet conditions. Cold (5°C) and rainy (10 mm) election day weather causes the latter parties to lose one or two parliamentary seats.

  15. 新媒介环境下领导干部网络舆论危机公关策略与执政能力建设%The Internet Crisis Public Relations and Governing Network Ability Construction of the Officials under the New Media Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康秀梅

    2013-01-01

    Social networks and micro-blog as a kind of new media have given a greater voice to public, but also have taken a challenge to the government officials, because internet public events are affecting government ’s ability and image seriously. Under the new media environment, people use the Internet is becoming more and more normalized, the number of the officials’ negative public opinions is increasing, and the public opinion dissemination way presents many new features. Based on the analysis of the officials ’ negative crisis event propagation mechanism, this paper proposes some countermea sures to handle the internet public opinion crisis,and gives some suggests to strengthen the governing network ability.%以社交网络、微博为代表的网络新媒介平台在赋予公众空前话语权的同时,频发的网络公共事件也给各级领导干部带来了前所未有的挑战,严重影响了各级党委政府的执政能力和形象。在新媒介环境下,人们使用网络日益常态化,涉及领导干部的负面舆情信息也日益增多,舆情传播方式呈现出新特点。本文在分析新媒介环境下涉及领导干部的舆情危机事件传播机制的基础上,提出了涉及领导干部网络舆论危机的公关对策,并就如何提高领导干部网络执政能力提出了建议。

  16. Philosophy of Education Society of Australasia: The Official Record

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haynes, Bruce

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the official record of The Philosophy of Education Society of Australasia (PESA). The Society faces a number of continuing challenges. It maintains its record for holding conferences that meet the needs of its members, has resumed publication of conference proceedings, but this has largely been superseded by the placing of…

  17. Human Rights Training for Officials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OUR STAFF REPORTER

    2011-01-01

    The 9th workshop on human rights held by the State Council Information Office (SCIO) opened in Nanjing,in east China's Jiangsu Province,on August 23.More than 60 officials from across the country and central government agencies participated in the training course,which lasted four days.SCIO Vice Minister Dong Yunhu attended the opening ceremony and gave a speech.

  18. Report on Scottish council elections 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Bochel, Hugh; Denver, David; Steven, Martin

    2012-01-01

    This report to the Electoral Commission covers the Scottish council elections of May 2012. It considers aspects of the administration of the elections, turnout, patterns of candidature and party support and control of councils.

  19. LATTE - Log and Time Tracking for Elections

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — LATTE - Log and Time Tracking for Elections is a time tracking and voucher preparation system used to schedule employees to cover elections, to document their time...

  20. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pensions Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    Pension Fund

    2004-01-01

    This year, two members and two alternates are to be elected. The candidates who obtain most votes will be elected members and the other candidates will be their alternates. Timetable (extract) : Monday 1 November 2004 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin (see thereafter) and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 22 November 2004 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 23 November 2004 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 29 November. ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: Name : CHIAVERI First Name : Enrico I have been a CERN staff member since 1973 and have a...

  1. Machine Learning in Parliament Elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Esfandiari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Parliament is considered as one of the most important pillars of the country governance. The parliamentary elections and prediction it, had been considered by scholars of from various field like political science long ago. Some important features are used to model the results of consultative parliament elections. These features are as follows: reputation and popularity, political orientation, tradesmen's support, clergymen's support, support from political wings and the type of supportive wing. Two parameters of reputation and popularity and the support of clergymen and religious scholars that have more impact in reducing of prediction error in election results, have been used as input parameters in implementation. In this study, the Iranian parliamentary elections, modeled and predicted using learnable machines of neural network and neuro-fuzzy. Neuro-fuzzy machine combines the ability of knowledge representation of fuzzy sets and the learning power of neural networks simultaneously. In predicting the social and political behavior, the neural network is first trained by two learning algorithms using the training data set and then this machine predict the result on test data. Next, the learning of neuro-fuzzy inference machine is performed. Then, be compared the results of two machines.

  2. Sublinear Bounds for Randomized Leader Election

    OpenAIRE

    Kutten, Shay; Pandurangan, Gopal; Peleg, David; Robinson, Peter; Trehan, Amitabh

    2012-01-01

    This paper concerns {\\em randomized} leader election in synchronous distributed networks. A distributed leader election algorithm is presented for complete $n$-node networks that runs in O(1) rounds and (with high probability) uses only $O(\\sqrt{n}\\log^{3/2} n)$ messages to elect a unique leader (with high probability). When considering the "explicit" variant of leader election where eventually every node knows the identity of the leader, our algorithm yields the asymptotically optimal bounds...

  3. 76 FR 54787 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official Outer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official Outer Continental Shelf Block Diagrams AGENCY... revised North American Datum of 1927 (NAD 27) Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram,...

  4. 76 FR 2919 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram and Supplemental Official Outer Continental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    ... Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram and Supplemental Official Outer Continental Shelf Block Diagrams AGENCY: Bureau of Ocean... American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83) Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram and...

  5. Attitudes of policy makers in Hawaii towards public health and related issues before and after an economic recession in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jay E Maddock

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Legislation and regulation at the state and local level can often have a greater impact on the public’s health than individual-based approaches. Elected and appointed officials have an essential role in protecting and improving public health. Despite this important role, little systematic research has been done to assess the relative importance of public health issues compared to other policy issues in times of economic hardship. This study assessed attitudes of elected and appointed decision makers in Hawaii in 2007 and 2013 to determine if priorities differed before and after the economic recession. Methods: Elected and appointed state and county officials were mailed surveys at both time points. Respondents rated the importance of 23 specified problems, of which 9 asked about specific public health issues. Results: The survey was completed by 126 (70.4% respondents in 2007 and 117(60.9% in 2013. Among the public health issues, five saw significant mean decreases. These variables included: climate change, pedestrian safety, government response to natural disasters, access to healthcare, and pandemic influenza. Obesity was the only public health issue to increase in importance across the two time points. In terms of relative ranking across the time points, only drug abuse and obesity were among the top ten priorities. Lack of public health training, pandemic influenza, and government response to natural disasters were among the bottom five priorities. Conclusions: After the economic recession, many public health issues have a lower priority among Hawaii’s policy makers than before the downturn. Additional education and advocacy is needed to keep public health issues on the minds of decision makers during tough economic times.

  6. 政府外宣网站翻译失误问题探析--以遵义市人民政府网为例%On Government's Publicity Materials C-E Translation Errors:--Take Zunyi Government's Official Website as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤君丽

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to analysis C-E translation problems of publicity materials on Zunyi Government's official web-site by using the definition and classification of translation errors, which is made by Christiane Nord, a scholar of the German Functionalist Translation Theory. Then, it discusses what qualities translators should possess in C-E translation of publicity materials.%本文基于德国功能翻译学派学者克里斯蒂安·诺德的翻译失误定义和分类,分析遵义市人民政府网站外宣资料的英译问题,并探讨译员在外宣翻译中应具备的素质。

  7. Statistical anomalies in 2011-2012 Russian elections revealed by 2D correlation analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Kobak, Dmitry; Pshenichnikov, Maxim S

    2012-01-01

    Here we perform a statistical analysis of the official data from recent Russian parliamentary and presidential elections (held on December 4th, 2011 and March 4th, 2012, respectively). A number of anomalies are identified that persistently skew the results in favour of the pro-government party, United Russia (UR), and its leader Vladimir Putin. The main irregularities are: (i) remarkably high correlation between turnout and voting results; (ii) a large number of polling stations where the UR/Putin results are given by a round number of percent; (iii) constituencies showing improbably low or (iv) anomalously high dispersion of results across polling stations; (v) substantial difference between results at paper-based and electronic polling stations. These anomalies, albeit less prominent in the presidential elections, hardly conform to the assumptions of fair and free voting. The approaches proposed here can be readily extended to quantify fingerprints of electoral fraud in any other problematic elections.

  8. Vintage errors: do real-time economic data improve election forecasts?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Andreas Kayser

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Economic performance is a key component of most election forecasts. When fitting models, however, most forecasters unwittingly assume that the actual state of the economy, a state best estimated by the multiple periodic revisions to official macroeconomic statistics, drives voter behavior. The difference in macroeconomic estimates between revised and original data vintages can be substantial, commonly over 100% (two-fold for economic growth estimates, making the choice of which data release to use important for the predictive validity of a model. We systematically compare the predictions of four forecasting models for numerous US presidential elections using real-time and vintage data. We find that newer data are not better data for election forecasting: forecasting error increases with data revisions. This result suggests that voter perceptions of economic growth are influenced more by media reports about the economy, which are based on initial economic estimates, than by the actual state of the economy.

  9. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2017-01-01

    Do you have questions about the elections to the Staff Council, 2017 MERIT exercise, EVE and School, LD to IC exercise, CHIS, the Pension Fund… Come get informed and ask your questions at our public meetings. These public meetings are also an opportunity to get the more information on current issues. Benefit from this occasion to get the latest news and to discuss with the representatives of the statutory body that is the Staff Association!

  10. Speak Out (K-8) [and] Election '80.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

    These two teaching guides contain step-by-step procedures for an election education program in which all Illinois school children vote for and elect a State animal. The program, mandated by the Illinois State Legislature, is intended to provide students with the unique opportunity to learn about the entire election process through actual voting…

  11. 29 CFR 44.3 - Election process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Election process. 44.3 Section 44.3 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PROCESS FOR ELECTING STATE AGENCY EMPLOYMENT STATISTICS REPRESENTATIVES FOR CONSULTATIONS WITH DEPARTMENT OF LABOR § 44.3 Election process. (a) Process. The Commissioner of Labor Statistics...

  12. Political budget cycles and election outcomes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, Jeroen; de Haan, Jakob

    2013-01-01

    This paper addresses two empirical questions. Is fiscal policy affected by upcoming elections? If so, do election-motivated fiscal policies enhance the probability of re-election of the incumbent? Employing data for 65 democratic countries over 1975-2005 in a semi-pooled panel model, we find that in

  13. Political budget cycles and election outcomes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, J.G.; Haan, de J.

    2013-01-01

    This paper addresses two empirical questions. Is fiscal policy affected by upcoming elections? If so, do election-motivated fiscal policies enhance the probability of re-election of the incumbent? Employing data for 65 democratic countries over 1975–2005 in a semi-pooled panel model, we find that in

  14. Elections and Social Conflict in Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    democratic process will be allowed to take its course. In countries that lack these traits , elections have often led to violence. In the Democratic...participation. While elections are COUNTRY ELECTION DATE DEATHS Kenya December, 2007 1502 South Africa April, 1994 239 Nigeria April, 2007 226 Cote

  15. Education Blogs Hit Our Elections next Month

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlmutter, David D.

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author examines the role blogs will play in future campaigns and elections and how bloggers will affect the election of the next commander in chief. A necessary starting point in discussing the role of blogs in the presidential election of 2008 is to consider how similar blogs are, as a new medium or genre or venue, to…

  16. 75 FR 32273 - Representation Election Procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... 29 CFR Parts 1202 and 1206 RIN 3140-ZA00 Representation Election Procedure AGENCY: National Mediation... delaying the effective date of its rule regarding representation election procedures from June 10, 2010 to... Representation Election Procedure Rule have been made. The NMB will notify participants if there are any further...

  17. Media and the 2013 Kenyan election

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafsson, Jessica

    2016-01-01

    In March 2013, Kenya held its first election after the post-election violence (PEV) in 2008, which media were blamed for contributing to by partisan reporting and hate speech. Prior to the 2013 election, several organizations worked to raise awareness of the negative consequences of hate speech...

  18. School, Community Leadership, and Election Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Ann

    2008-01-01

    This article examines how the political structure of school elections contributes to leadership perspectives related to school-community engagement. Interview data from school superintendents, school board presidents, and city mayors across four cities and two election types were analyzed to determine if differences in school election structure…

  19. A descriptive investigation of the impact of student research projects arising from elective research courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harirforoosh, Sam; Stewart, David W

    2016-01-27

    Pharmacy academicians have noted the need to develop research skills in student pharmacists. At the Gatton College of Pharmacy, significant focus has been placed on the development of research skills through offering elective research courses. In order to evaluate the impact of participation in the research elective(s), we analyzed college records and surveyed faculty members with regard to the number of poster/podium presentations, published peer-reviewed manuscripts, and funded projects. Student enrollment in the research elective sequence has increased over time and has resulted in 81 poster presentations, 14 podium presentations, and 15 peer-reviewed publications. Implementation of a research elective sequence and fostering of a research culture amongst the faculty and students has resulted in increased student engagement in research and related scholarly activities.

  20. The 2011 municipal elections in South Africa and new trends since the 2009 national elections

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Greben, JM

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available in elections A trend matrix relates the election results of and ?old? and a ?new? election by counting how voters for a particular old party voted in the new election. If there are Pold parties in The 2011 municipal elections in SA and new trends since... matrix with Pnew ?Pold elements is necessary to characterize this behavior. To calculate such a matrix exactly, one needs all individual election results of the two elections. Clearly this information is not available, and one has to derive...

  1. 45 CFR 4.3 - Process against Department officials in their individual capacities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... individual capacities. 4.3 Section 4.3 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 4.3 Process against Department officials in their individual capacities. Process to be served on Department officials in their individual capacities must be served in...

  2. Leadership, History, Insights: Battlefield and Naval Academy Perspectives Change the Way School Business Officials Lead

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verardi, Nicole

    2009-01-01

    More than 40 school business officials honed their skills as leaders in education by participating in the 2008 Eagle Institute held July 31-August 1 in Annapolis, Maryland. Association of School Business Officials International's (ASBO) Eagle Institute is a tremendous learning forum to foster growth among rising leaders in public education. Led by…

  3. LEP Celebration : the official programme

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2000-01-01

    At 14:00: Groupe de Jazz "Wolfgang & The Werewolves" . The official programme begins at 15:00 with an introduction from the Director General, and Professor Martinus Veltman will give the keynote speech. Heads of national delegations represented at ministerial level will then make their speeches, following which a commemorative plaque will be unveiled. A specially commissioned ballet by Maurice Béjart will bring the ceremony to a close.

  4. Entitlement to vote in the Canton of Geneva and entitlement to vote and eligibility for election in the Canton of Vaud

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2009-01-01

    You are reminded that, at commune level, certain international civil servants and their family members: are entitled to vote in the Canton of Geneva are entitled to vote and are eligible for election in the Canton of Vaud. For further information, in particular regarding the special procedure to be followed to apply to exercise these entitlements, you are invited to consult the information published, in French only, on the Swiss Mission’s website: for the Canton of Genevafor the Canton of VaudThe dates of the forthcoming ballots are available on the official websites of the cantonal administrative authorities: for Geneva: referendum and forthcoming ballots ; for Vaud: forthcoming ballots In this context, please note, especially with regard to eligibility for election, that: in accordance with Articles S I 3.05 and I 3.06 of the Staff Rules "Members of the personnel wishing to take part in the public and political life of a State shall comply with the relevant legislat...

  5. Changes in racial identity among African American college students following the election of Barack Obama.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller-Rowell, Thomas E; Burrow, Anthony L; Ong, Anthony D

    2011-11-01

    The current study considered the influence of the 2008 presidential election on the racial identity of African American college students (M(age) = 19.3 years; 26.3% male). The design of the study consisted of 2 components: longitudinal and daily. The longitudinal component assessed 3 dimensions of racial identity (centrality, private regard, and public regard) 2 weeks before and 5 months after the election, and the daily diary component assessed racial identity and identity exploration on the days immediately before and after the election. Daily items measuring identity exploration focused on how much individuals thought about issues relating to their race. Analyses considered the immediate effects of the election on identity exploration and the extent to which changes in exploration were shaped by racial identity measured prior to the election. We also considered immediate and longer term changes in racial identity following the election and the extent to which longer term changes were conditioned by identity exploration. Findings suggest that the election served as an "encounter" experience (Cross, 1991, 1995, pp. 60-61), which led to increases in identity exploration. Moreover, analyses confirmed that changes in identity exploration were most pronounced among those with higher levels of racial centrality. Results also suggest that the election had both an immediate and a longer term influence on racial identity, which in some instances was conditioned by identity exploration.

  6. 42 CFR 424.104 - Election to claim payment for emergency services furnished during a calendar year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Election to claim payment for emergency services... PAYMENT Special Conditions: Emergency Services Furnished by a Nonparticipating Hospital § 424.104 Election to claim payment for emergency services furnished during a calendar year. (a) Terms of the...

  7. 5 CFR 9701.523 - Official time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official time. 9701.523 Section 9701.523... MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Labor-Management Relations § 9701.523 Official time. (a) Any employee representing an... authorized official time for such purposes, including attendance at impasse proceedings, during the time...

  8. 22 CFR 1429.13 - Official time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Official time. 1429.13 Section 1429.13 Foreign... REQUIREMENTS Miscellaneous § 1429.13 Official time. If the participation of any employee in any phase of any... of the Board designated by the Board, such employee shall be granted official time for...

  9. 7 CFR 51.17 - Official sampling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official sampling. 51.17 Section 51.17 Agriculture... Inspection Service § 51.17 Official sampling. Samples may be officially drawn by any duly authorized... time and place of the sampling and the brands or other identifying marks of the containers from...

  10. Certification of ICTs in Elections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten; Barrat, Jordi; Bolo, Eden

    2015-01-01

    voting or tabulation systems. The key elements of quality control are certification and evaluation. Certification refers to the confirmation proof of compliance with a given standard. Evaluation is the most labour intensive part of the quality control process during which the requirements, designs......, hardware, firmware, software, networks and operational contexts are examined for faults. An election technology can only be certified by third-party reviewers who are accredited to assess compliance with a standard. An EMB should consider quality control early in the process of introducing new technologies......, starting during the feasibility study, and especially if it is bound by law to provide such a certification. The evaluation reports and related documents can also be used to increase the transparency of the election, improve the dialogue between EMBs and voters, and increase the EMB’s credibility....

  11. The application of psychological effects for university public elective ——The case of "Adolescent Psychology"%谈心理效应在高校公共选修课中的应用——以青年心理学课程为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李向阳; 刘娜; 王益民

    2012-01-01

    Based on the analysis of practical teaching experience, this paper has analyzed the application of 8 psychological effects such as the card effect, The first impression effect, the threshold effect and so on for teaching content, classroom teaching and examination. We think that we can greatly improve the teaching effect by the reasonable and effective application of psychological effects for the university public electives.%根据教学实践经验,分析了名片效应、首因效应、门槛效应等8种心理效应在教学内容选择、课堂教学组织及课程考核中的应用,在公共选修课的教学过程中合理、有效地应用心理效应,能够极大地提高教学效果。

  12. Vote Bying I: General Elections

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    We examine the consequences of vote buying, assuming this practice were al- lowed and free of stigma. Two parties compete in a binary election and may purchase votes in a sequential bidding game via up-front binding payments and/or campaign promises (platforms) that are contingent upon the outcome of the elec- tion. We analyze the role of the parties' and voters' preferences in determining the winner and the payments to voters.

  13. 41 CFR 301-11.28 - As a traveler on official business, am I required to pay applicable lodging taxes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false As a traveler on official business, am I required to pay applicable lodging taxes? 301-11.28 Section 301-11.28 Public... ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 11-PER DIEM EXPENSES General Rules § 301-11.28 As a traveler on official business...

  14. Results of the 2009 elections

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    The elections to renew the Staff Council for the 2010-2011 period are now behind us and we are very pleased to have had at least as many candidates as posts in five of the six electoral colleges. Furthermore, the average rate of participation of 56.8% in these elections is a very good result compared to previous years. We thank the candidates who have committed themselves to actively defending the interests of the staff, and all our members have shown, by voting, their full support of the candidates in their college and Department. This newly-elected Staff Council (see its composition on the following page) will therefore be truly representative of all the sectors and professions of the Organization, which will be a major asset when the Staff Association representatives begin discussions with the Management and Member States in 2010 on the key issues of the five-yearly review and the measures to be taken to absorb the deficit of our Pension Fund. Armed with this vote of confidence, we know that we can count o...

  15. Official crime data versus collaborative crime mapping at a Brazilian city

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    P L Brito; E G V Jesus; R M S Sant' Ana; C Martins; J P M Delgado; V O Fernandes

    2014-01-01

    .... The present study consists in an investigation about this collaborative web map spatial correlation to official robbery data registered at the Secretary of Public Safety database, for the city of Salvador, Bahia...

  16. The Official Real Estate Appraisal in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph JOCHEIM-WIRTZ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Real Estate Appraisal in Germany is regulated by the articles 192-199 of the German Construction Law. Technical guidelines, including the appraisal methods, are defined in bylaws. For the purpose of official real estate appraisal, Expert Appraisal Committees were founded in counties and large cities. The Committees are comprised of real estate experts doing a honorary service, coming from such professions as land surveying engineers, architects, civil engineers, Tax Office employees, experts from the banking sector, agronomists and real estate agents. The chairman of the Committee is also the director of the Cadastral Office and/or the Surveying Office. Every Committee has its own office within the Cadastral Office or the Surveying Office. The main task of the Committees is to establish and guarantee the transparency of the real estate market, by means of the publication of approximate plot value maps on the Internet as well as the publication of the reports on the real estate market. Apart from that, the Expert Appraisal Committees provide reports on the market value of real estate objects, available upon request. Reports on the market value of real estate objects are also made by publicly appointed and sworn experts. Based on the steady rise in the requests for superregional information about the real estate market in the recent years, the working group comprised of the representatives from the Expert Appraisal Committees from the whole country published its first report on the real estate market in Germany in 2008, and the second one in 2011.

  17. Presidential Administration : Always prepared for elections and crises!

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The Presidential Administration kept tightening the screws on the public administration system throughout the year 2014. The control over local governments became much tighter mainly through continuous rotation in regional offices and the use of the ongoing anti-corruption campaign for this purpose. The Administration has conditioned the environment to hold a seamless presidential election in 2015 thus driving nails in the coffin of the ‘Belarusian Model’ of development amid the economic rece...

  18. Transforming Public Space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Navarro, Dora

    2009-01-01

    , such as municipal elections and the district's participatory budget. In addition, I show how the public uses the radio to channel their claims. I also identify the factors that prevent the radio from fully empowering the public and transforming public space into a more critical and democratic one....

  19. 31 CFR 0.104 - Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official. 0.104 Section 0.104 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the... Responsibilities § 0.104 Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official....

  20. 29 CFR 2703.2 - Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. 2703.2 Section 2703.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL... agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. The Chairman shall appoint...

  1. Muddy perceptions/dirty water: messages for clearing the visions of the public and the powerful.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Steven S

    2002-01-01

    Globalism does not usually work when it comes to spreading the word about water! There is no one formula for explaining water issues to the public or to public officials. Sometimes you should go to reporters. Sometimes you should focus on educating editors. Sometimes you concentrate on educating teachers, sometimes the business community, bureaucrats or elected officials. Sometimes your message concentrates on fisheries, sometimes health, sometimes tourism. Often, you will want to emphasize something else--even sales of genetic material that might be dependent on biodiversity. In short, your message must be adapted to the local circumstance. Your methodology will depend on whether you must stimulate immediate action, or whether you have the luxury of pushing a longer-term message. The Web opens many new possibilities. Cost of Web distribution is low. The Web offers a combination of many effective storytelling tools such as audio, video, and animation. Multi-lingual materials are easier to prepare than for film. But at this stage of Web development it may be more efficient to provide material to existing publications' Web sites and to NGOs and official sites, than to establish special stand-alone Web sites. I propose a "resource" Web site for those who have responsibility for water projects. The site would contain articles and explanatory material provided by media organizations, attracted by a modest contest-and-prize system.

  2. Situation criticality and basketball officials' stress levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchie, Jason; Basevitch, Itay; Rodenberg, Ryan; Tenenbaum, Gershon

    2017-11-01

    Officials are expected to perform impeccably despite the wide range of stressors they experience. A stressor that officials frequently report is situation criticality. Situation criticality is comprised of score differential (i.e., more pressure in close games) and time remaining in a game (i.e., more pressure as time expires), which affects athletes' stress levels. The present study explored the effect of situation criticality on officials' stress levels. High school basketball officials (n = 108) with an average of 18.1 (SD = 11.2) years of officiating experience were given a survey packet containing game situations that varied in criticality. For each game situation (n = 9) officials completed the overall stress and appraisal portions of the Stress Appraisal Measure (SAM). Results revealed that situation criticality has an effect on officials' perceived stress levels. Both threat and challenge appraisals were positively correlated with perceived stress. Overall, these findings indicate that officials' stress levels fluctuate within games depending on score differential and time of game. The findings encourage officials to recognise and manage their stress, possibly through their appraisals. Additionally, the findings can affect the training of officials in the management of stress, as well as prompt the consideration of potential rule changes that reflect the increased situational demands on officials in critical situations (e.g., expanded instant replay).

  3. Key Obama officials leave administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2013-01-01

    Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar is one of the latest members of the Obama administration to announce that he is leaving his position near the start of President Obama's second term in office. Salazar, who has served as interior secretary since January 2009, intends to leave the department by the end of March, the department noted on 16 January. Salazar joins a number of other key officials who are planning to leave the administration. They include Environmental Protection Agency administrator Lisa Jackson, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration administrator Jane Lubchenco, and U.S. Geological Survey director Marcia McNutt.

  4. Official statistics and Big Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Struijs

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The rise of Big Data changes the context in which organisations producing official statistics operate. Big Data provides opportunities, but in order to make optimal use of Big Data, a number of challenges have to be addressed. This stimulates increased collaboration between National Statistical Institutes, Big Data holders, businesses and universities. In time, this may lead to a shift in the role of statistical institutes in the provision of high-quality and impartial statistical information to society. In this paper, the changes in context, the opportunities, the challenges and the way to collaborate are addressed. The collaboration between the various stakeholders will involve each partner building on and contributing different strengths. For national statistical offices, traditional strengths include, on the one hand, the ability to collect data and combine data sources with statistical products and, on the other hand, their focus on quality, transparency and sound methodology. In the Big Data era of competing and multiplying data sources, they continue to have a unique knowledge of official statistical production methods. And their impartiality and respect for privacy as enshrined in law uniquely position them as a trusted third party. Based on this, they may advise on the quality and validity of information of various sources. By thus positioning themselves, they will be able to play their role as key information providers in a changing society.

  5. ELECTIONS OF MEMBERS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    This year, one member and one alternate are to be elected. The candidate who obtains most votes will be elected member and the other candidate will be his/her alternate. Timetable (extract) : Monday 6 November 2000 Second publication of the candidates’ publicity in the Bulletin (see thereafter) and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 27 November 2000 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 28 November 2000 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 4 December.

  6. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    This year, one member and one alternate are to be elected. The candidate who obtains the most votes will be elected member and the other candidate will be her/his alternate. Timetable (extract): Monday 6 November 2006 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 20 November 2006 Voting closes at 12 midday. Counting of votes from 2.30 p.m. Tuesday 21 November 2006 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 27 November 2006.

  7. ELECTIONS OF MEMBERS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    This year, two members and two alternates are to be elected. The candidates who obtain most votes will be elected members and the other candidates will be their alternates. Timetable (extract) : Monday 5 November 2001 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin (see pages 11 to 15 of bulletin nr 42, General Information) and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 26 November 2001 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 27 November 2001 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 3 December.

  8. ELECTIONS OF MEMBERS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Document Server

    2002-01-01

    This year, one member and one alternate are to be elected. The candidate who obtains most votes will be elected member and the other candidate will be her/his alternate. Timetable (extract) : Monday 4 November 2002 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin (see thereafter) and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 25 November 2002 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 26 November 2002 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 2 December.

  9. ELECTIONS OF MEMBERS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    This year, two members and two alternates are to be elected. The candidates who obtain most votes will be elected members and the other candidates will be their alternates. Timetable (extract) :  Monday 5 November 2001 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin (see General Informations) and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 26 November 2001 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 27 November 2001 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 3 December.

  10. The Singapore general election 1997

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Jinshan; Elklit, Jørgen

    1999-01-01

    The parliamentary eklection in singapore in January 1997 is examined, as is the particular electoral system ('the party block vote') which is found to be a central element in the electoral strategy of the ruling party, PAP. the functioning of this rare electoral system is, however, only one eleme...... in explaining how PAP has been able to win comfortable majorities in the House. The analysis contributes to the understandi9ng of how a semi-democratic regime can stay in power. The political and electoral process in relation to the 1997 election is also analysed...

  11. Electronic Elections: A Balancing Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezende, Pedro A. D.

    This article aims to share some major lessons learned from the pioneering experience in Brazil with the world's first full national implementation of universal electronic voting. Differing notions of security, and their "collateral entanglements", appear to play a key role and are contrasted in Brazil's pioneering electronic voting saga. After an introduction, we puzzle through what election security may mean. We elaborate on how technological innovations may affect the underlying risks, their nature, corrections and balance. Then we describe some ways in which innovations have been deployed and validated, and how the results are being perceived, before some closing remarks.

  12. Election Media and Youth Political Engagement

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Diana Owen

    2009-01-01

    .... In fact, much traditional election media coverage of youth has emphasized their lack of interest and involvement, and thus works to discourage the development of activist political orientations...

  13. 2010 Election Administration and Voting Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    Election Assistance Commission — This dataset contains data about domestic absentee voting, provisional balloting, poll books, polling place, precincts, poll workers, and voting technology used in...

  14. Democracy and Elections in Africa: Critical Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wondwosen Teshome

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to assess the democratization process in Africa in general and the multi-party elections in particular. The decolonization process in Africa (1960s and 1970s, which was known as the “first liberation” completed by the emergence of many, new independent African countries. In most of the newly liberated countries the political parties that led the anti-colonial struggle established one-party domination after independence. The rapid democratization process (“second liberation” in Africa began in the first half of the 1990s, particularly with Benin’s multiparty election in 1991. In this period, multi-party elections had taken place in most of African countries. These transitions led to “limited” democracies, characterized by a lack of liberal freedoms, low levels of popular involvement (except at election times, narrow range of civil liberties and the concentration of political power in the hands of small elite groups. Holding an election is a milestone, but it is not the key to Africa’s democratic legitimacy. Many elections in the African region have failed to meet the internationally accepted standards for free and fair elections. Though Africa’s record on free and fair elections is mixed, at present, most of Africans have embraced elections as indispensable mechanism for determining their future course.

  15. 2008 Election Administration and Voting Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    Election Assistance Commission — This dataset contains data about domestic absentee voting, provisional balloting, poll books, polling place, precincts, poll workers, and voting technology used in...

  16. Bacteremia during quinsy and elective tonsillectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klug, Tejs Ehlers; Henriksen, Jens-Jacob; Rusan, Maria

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Aims: Bacteremia during elective tonsillectomy is well recognized, whereas bacteremia during quinsy tonsillectomy has never been studied. The aim of the present study was to explore the incidence of bacteremia during elective and quinsy tonsillectomy in order to evaluate the antibiotic...... swabs, core tissue, and pus aspirates were analyzed by standard microbiological techniques. Results: Bacteremia was detected in 73% of patients during elective tonsillectomy compared to 56% during quinsy tonsillectomy (P ¼ .089, Fishers exact test). Significantly more blood culture bottles were positive...... for each isolate obtained from elective tonsillectomy cases compared to quinsy tonsillectomy cases (P bacteremia with microorganisms that are predominant in bacterial endocarditis...

  17. Local government elections – Some personal perspectives

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ittmann, HW

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available the next elections. Various forms of election forecasts exist and are being used in most elections (Brown, et al 1999; Greben, et al 2005; Karandikar, et al 1998; Lichtman, et al 1990; Morton 1988; Samuelson 2011 and Thedeen 1990). Before an election...? answer (Samuelson, 2008). The ?yes? answers favour the incumbent party candidate. If five or fewer answers are ?no?, the incumbent party retains the presidency, while if six or more are ?no?, the challenger wins. This method is based on a statistical...

  18. 高校公共体育课设置啦啦操选项课的可行性分析——以济宁学院为例%The Feasibility Analysis for Choosing Cheerleading as an Elective Course for Public Physical Education in Universities -- Take Jining University for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨皖霖

    2012-01-01

    Cheerleading is a burgeoning sport. Beijing Olympic Games and the media play a very important role in the developing of this sport, and make La La drilling become a sport of greater concern in the society and university. Choosing Cheerleading as an elective course for public physical education in university can develop the students' integrative quality and their teamwork spirits, enrich the content of courses for P. E. elective course in colleges, at the same time, it is suitable for the development trend and characteristics of physical education in university, and it can supply the demand for the needs of students'physical and mental health and the needs of the society.%啦啦队运动是一项新兴的体育项目,北京奥运会的举办与媒体的宣传将我国啦啦队运动推上了新的平台,使其成为社会和学校瞩目的一项体育活动.在高校公共体育课设置啦啦操选项课有助于培养学生的综合素质和团队精神,丰富公共体育选项课的教学内容,适应高校体育教育的发展趋势和特点,极大的满足学生身心健康的需要和社会需求.

  19. 75 FR 74025 - Procedural Manual for the Election Assistance Commission's Voting System Testing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ... COMMISSION Procedural Manual for the Election Assistance Commission's Voting System Testing and Certification...; publication of Voting System Testing and Certification Manual, Version 2.0, for 60 day public comment period... manual for its Voting System Testing and Certification Program. This manual sets the...

  20. A worldwide presidential election: the impact of the media on candidate and campaign evaluations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boomgaarden, H.G.; Vliegenthart, R.; de Vreese, C.H.

    2012-01-01

    The 2008 U.S. Presidential election was a worldwide event that gained significant public and media attention well beyond the borders of the United States. In this study, we assess the impact of media coverage of Presidential candidates Obama and McCain on public opinion dynamics in the Netherlands.

  1. 22 CFR 1422.17 - Election procedure; request for authorized representation election observers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... representation election observers. 1422.17 Section 1422.17 Foreign Relations FOREIGN SERVICE LABOR RELATIONS...; request for authorized representation election observers. This section governs all elections conducted... among the employees in the unit. (f) Any party may be represented at the polling place(s) by...

  2. Model for election night forecasting applied to the 2004 South African elections

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Greben, JM

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available A novel model has been developed to predict elections on the basis of early results. The electorate is clustered according to their behaviour in previous elections. Early results in the new elections can then be translated into voter behaviour per...

  3. Suggestions for better election security.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnston, R.G.; Warner, J.S. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

    2011-01-01

    Summary of Common Security Mistakes: (1) Electronic voting machines that fundamentally lack security thought and features, including an ability to detect tampering or intrusion, or to be reliably locked or sealed; (2) Failure to disassemble, inspect, and thoroughly inspect (not just test) a sufficient number of voting machines before and after elections in order to detect hardware or software tampering; (3) Assuming that tamper - indicating seals will either be blatantly ripped/smashed open, or else there is no tampering. In reality, even amateurs can spoof most seals leaving (at most) subtle evidence; (4) Inadequate seal use protocols and training of seal installers and inspectors. Failure to show examples of blatantly and subtly attacked seals to seal inspectors; (5) Over confidence in use of a voter verified paper record (VVPR), a VVPR is an excellent security countermeasure, but it is not a silver bullet, especially for an election organization with poor overall security; (6) Little or no insider thr at mitigation; and (7) A poor security culture, including denial and no a priori procedures for dealing with security questions or concerns.

  4. Results of the 2015 Elections

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    The elections to renew the Staff Council for the period 2016-2017 are now behind us and we welcome the turnout for the vote of 55.9 %, which was considerably higher than that of last time. This clearly shows the interest that members of the Staff Association attach to the work and dedication of their delegates and expresses their full support for the candidates of their department. We also thank all candidates who committed themselves to actively defend the interests of the staff. This newly-elected Staff Council (see its composition below) is meant to be truly representative of all sectors and professions of the Organization. This will be a major asset when representatives of the Staff Association will have discussions with Management and Member States on issues which we will have to address the next two years. Strong with this vote of confidence, we are certain that we can count on your active and ongoing support in the future. We know there will be no shortage of challenges. Together we will be stronger t...

  5. Results of the 2011 elections

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    The elections to renew the Staff Council for the period 2012–2013 are now behind us and we welcome the turnout for the vote was 63.6%, This clearly shows the interest that members of the Staff Association attach to the work and dedication of their delegates and expresses their full support for the candidates of their college and department. We also thank all candidates who committed themselves to actively defend the interests of the staff. This newly-elected Staff Council (see its composition on the following page) is meant to be truly representative of all sectors and professions of the Organization, and this will be a major asset when representatives of the Staff Association will have discussions with Management and Member States on issues we have will have to treat the next two years. Armed with this vote of confidence, we are certain that we can count on your active and ongoing support in the future. We know there will be no shortage of challenges. Together we will be stronger to take them o...

  6. A social diffusion model with an application on election simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Jing-Kai; Wang, Fu-Min; Tsai, Chin-Hua; Hung, San-Chuan; Kung, Perng-Hwa; Lin, Shou-De; Chen, Kuan-Ta; Lei, Chin-Laung

    2014-01-01

    Issues about opinion diffusion have been studied for decades. It has so far no empirical approach to model the interflow and formation of crowd's opinion in elections due to two reasons. First, unlike the spread of information or flu, individuals have their intrinsic attitudes to election candidates in advance. Second, opinions are generally simply assumed as single values in most diffusion models. However, in this case, an opinion should represent preference toward multiple candidates. Previously done models thus may not intuitively interpret such scenario. This work is to design a diffusion model which is capable of managing the aforementioned scenario. To demonstrate the usefulness of our model, we simulate the diffusion on the network built based on a publicly available bibliography dataset. We compare the proposed model with other well-known models such as independent cascade. It turns out that our model consistently outperforms other models. We additionally investigate electoral issues with our model simulator.

  7. 7 CFR 97.800 - Publication of public variety descriptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Section 97.800 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) COMMODITY... Office will be accepted for publication in the Official Journal. Such publication shall not...

  8. The Use of Social Media for Communication In Official Statistics at European Level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionela-Roxana GLĂVAN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Social media tools are wide spread in web communication and are gaining popularity in the communication process between public institutions and citizens. This study conducts an analysis on how social media is used by Official Statistical Institutes to interact with citizens and disseminate information. A linear regression technique is performed to examine which social media platforms (Twitter or Facebook is a more effective tool in the communication process in the official statistics area. Our study suggests that Twitter is a more powerful tool than Facebook in enhancing the relationship between official statistics and citizens, complying with several other studies. Next, we performed an analysis on Twitter network characteristics discussing “official statistics” using NodeXL that revealed the unexploited potential of this network by official statistical agencies.

  9. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pensions Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    This year, two members and two alternates are to be elected. The candidates who obtain most votes will be elected members and the other candidates will be their alternates. Timetable (extract) : Monday 22 November 2004 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 23 November 2004 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 29 November. ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: Name : CHIAVERI First Name : Enrico I have been a CERN staff member since 1973 and have always been interested in our working conditions. As a member of the Executive Committee of the Staff Association I participated from 1980 to 1984 in the Working G...

  10. Prospects for the General Election of 2020: Tradition and Transition in Chinese Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David SG Goodman

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The decision by the Chinese Communist Party in 2012 to move to open direct national elections was taken in order to ensure political stability and continued economic growth, and to enhance its position of leadership. The first national general election in 2015 followed in the wake of the landmark Constituent Assembly. Victory in 2015 by the Chinese Communist Party has been accompanied by political stability and sustained economic growth. Though there is likely to be greater competition in the General Election of 2020 the principle change in politics has been the emergence of significant public policy debate. Issues of corruption, housing, and regional development are likely to be major considerations during the election, alongside debate on the simultaneous referenda that have been called on Tibet and federalism.

  11. MH Smit SCHOOL GOVERNING BODY ELECTION DEFICIENCIES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    13093185

    bodies are comprised of members elected from among the parents, learners, ..... autonomy to nominate and elect their own candidates irrespective of the ..... constrain true participation.50 This has led to the development of a revitalised ...... South Africa: An Education Law Perspective (PhD-thesis North-West University. 2009).

  12. 51 CAS Members Elected in 2005

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Atotal of 51 prominent Chinese scientists were elected CAS members in 2005. The announce ment was made at a press conference held on Dec. 16 in Beijing. CAS President LU Yongxiang was present at the conference to give a briefing on the election and the new members.

  13. 12 CFR 269.5 - Elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Bank to recognize a labor organization as the exclusive collective bargaining representative without a... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Elections. 269.5 Section 269.5 Banks and... LABOR RELATIONS FOR THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS § 269.5 Elections. (a) Once there has been a final...

  14. 39 CFR 955.9 - Hearing election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hearing election. 955.9 Section 955.9 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE BEFORE THE POSTAL SERVICE BOARD OF CONTRACT APPEALS § 955.9 Hearing election. As directed by Board order, each party shall inform the Board...

  15. 42 CFR 422.60 - Election process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... initial coverage election periods under § 422.62(a)(1), annual election periods under § 422.62(a)(2), and... if the health and safety of beneficiaries is at risk, such as if the provider network is not... disclosure and exchange of necessary information between the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services...

  16. Nerio: Leader Election and Edict Ordering

    OpenAIRE

    van Renesse, Robbert; Schneider, Fred B.; Gehrke, Johannes

    2011-01-01

    Coordination in a distributed system is facilitated if there is a unique process, the leader, to manage the other processes. The leader creates edicts and sends them to other processes for execution or forwarding to other processes. The leader may fail, and when this occurs a leader election protocol selects a replacement. This paper describes Nerio, a class of such leader election protocols.

  17. Model checking the HAVi leader election protocol

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Romijn, J.M.T.

    1999-01-01

    The HAVi specification proposes an architecture for audio/video interoperability in home networks. Part of the HAVi specification is a distributed leader election protocol. We have modelled this leader election protocol in Promela and Lotos and have checked several properties with the tools Spin a

  18. 2008 Presidential General Election, County Results - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set portrays election results, by counties for 49 States and by election districts for Alaska, for the 2008 Presidential general election. Reported for...

  19. 2004 Presidential General Election, County Results - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set portrays election results, by counties for 49 States and by election districts for Alaska, for the 2004 Presidential general election. Reported for...

  20. Local Election Campaign in Social Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bock Segaard, Signe; Agger Nielsen, Jeppe

    in local election campaigns. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the use of social media as it was intended to be central arenas for local election campaigns in Norwegian municipalities. For that purpose we first develop a model of political communication in social media that conceptualise......In this paper we focus on the usage of social media in political election campaigns. These new arenas have become increasingly important for democratic purposes, such as opinion sharing and discussions between candidates and voters. But there is a lack of research on how social media is used...... the horizontal and vertical conversation along three dimensions: participants, interaction and the level of nuance. Secondly, we use the model in an empirical study of the use of election blogs in the Norwegian local elections of 2011. We base the study on several different data sources (survey to political...

  1. A Mathematical Model of Democratic Elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mato Nagel

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Democratic election is the preferred method for determining political administrators nowadays. The intention is to find the best possible leader in order to improve the group's competitiveness and success. Though preferred, democratic election is far from being optimal in this respect, and is increasingly becoming the target for fraud. A model was developed to scientifically analyze the present electoral system's insufficiency. It is based on fauceir assumptions. Its calculations enable principles to be developed that optimize the election process, while also revealing the limits of elections in societies growing ever more complex, so that in the end elections have to be replaced by processes similar to what has proved optimal throughout naturally occurring evolution-natural selection.

  2. An Insider's View of the Role of Science and Scientists in Public Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwicker, Andrew

    2016-10-01

    In many ways, advances in fusion energy sciences and the amount of federal funding received are a case study of how the perception of a scientific endeavor can have a greater influence than actual scientific advances. Clearly, outreach by scientists to both legislators and the general public has a critical role in modifying this perception. This might include presenting current research results to the general public, advising an elected official on a piece of legislation, arguing for an increase in science funding, and more. As a new member of the NJ General Assembly, and as the first physicist ever elected to the NJ Legislature, I have had an opportunity to witness first hand how non-scientists judge science funding, scientists, and scientific advances. As expected, this can be based upon a lack of understanding of how science is conducted rather than results. There is no doubt that there is a clear need for scientists as policy advisors at all levels of government. I will discuss the importance of crosspollination between science and public policy and my experiences during my first year in public office, including my work to create a science fellowship similar to the APS/AAAS Congressional fellowship in the NJ Statehouse.

  3. Election and Exceptions – The Danish Fine Count

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vadgård, Anne Kathrine Pihl

    In this paper I explore the role of the Danish election law in the conduct of elections. Based on 9 months of ethnographic fieldwork in an election office in a Danish municipality, I focus on the conflicting relation between the legal framework and deviating election practices. I argue that handl...... correspond with Weber’s ideas of bureaucratic rationality. Instead, proper bureaucratic management of disruptive election practices is characterized by enthusiasm, attentiveness, and overview of the overall election goals....

  4. Public Opinion, Voter Behavior and School Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, C. Montgomery

    This report describes the elements necessary for successful school elections and outlines steps to predict voter reaction. Written primarily for school officials and local citizens' committees, the report analyzes the variables influencing voter turnout and behavior such as occupation, educational level, income, age, parents of school children,…

  5. México: elected transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio MERINO HUERTA

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The results of the Mexican federal elections of July 2000 raised new questions for those interested in transitions. In contrast to the South American, East-European, and South European experiences –that have produced a rich literature on the subject–, political changes in Mexico are not easily placed within the existing theoretical frameworks. This paper aims at contrasting the ideal model of transition and the real Mexican transition. The argument focuses on three differences: instead of a transition based on pact –as suggested by theory– this has been a transition based on voting. Moreover, there has not been –as in other cases— a breaking point with the previous regime, but a gradual and continuous opening. Finally, rather than a transformation of the rules of the game, what has taken place is a recovery of formal institutions, not the design of new ones.

  6. Has anyone seen it? Health care in Croatian elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radin, Dagmar; Džakula, Aleksandar

    2012-01-01

    Over the past decade, public opinion surveys have shown that Croats are deeply dissatisfied with their health care system and asses it to be one of the most important issues. However, health care hardly makes it into any political discourse in Croatia. This study analyzes the results of a public opinion survey conducted before the 2007 parliamentary elections to find out what the public sentiment on health care performance in Croatia is and to analyze the reasons why health care is not addressed by political actors. Evidence suggests that while health care is the most salient issue today, the public often understands it poorly. Thus, in a political environment of competing issues, and given the complexity of tacking health care in the policy arena, politicians strategically avoid discussing the issue.

  7. 39 CFR 962.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or presiding official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... reviewing official or presiding official. If a Respondent believes, in good faith, that the Reviewing Official or Presiding Officer should be disqualified because of personal bias, or other reason, the Respondent may file a timely and sufficient affidavit alleging such belief with supporting evidence. If...

  8. Perspectives on Official English. The Campaign for English as the Official Language of the USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Karen L., Ed.; Brink, Daniel T., Ed.

    Essays on the campaign to establish English as the United States' official language include: "Official Languages and Language Planning" (Richard Ruiz); "Una lingua, una patria?: Is Monolingualism Beneficial or Harmful to a Nation's Unity?" (David F. Marshall and Roseann D. Gonzalez); "Canadian Perspectives on Official English" (Joseph E. Magnet);…

  9. 76 FR 63654 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official Outer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ... Doc No: 2011-26503] DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official Outer Continental Shelf Block... American Datum of 1927 (NAD 27) Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Official Protraction Diagram (OPD),...

  10. 5 CFR 919.935 - Debarring official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Debarring official. 919.935 Section 919.935 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.935 Debarring official...

  11. 29 CFR 1471.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Suspending official. 1471.1010 Section 1471.1010 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending...

  12. 31 CFR 19.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Suspending official. 19.1010 Section 19.1010 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending...

  13. 7 CFR 29.24 - Official standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official standards. 29.24 Section 29.24 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... INSPECTION Regulations Definitions § 29.24 Official standards. Standards for tobacco promulgated by...

  14. 7 CFR 29.33 - Official sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official sample. 29.33 Section 29.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... INSPECTION Regulations Definitions § 29.33 Official sample. A sample selected, tagged, and signed by...

  15. 7 CFR 58.2827 - Official identification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Department of Agriculture Standard for Ice Cream § 58.2827 Official identification. (a) The official symbol to be used to identify product meeting the USDA standard for ice cream shall be as follows: EC25SE91.017 (b) Ice cream manufacturing plants using this symbol shall be USDA approved as set forth...

  16. A agenda da sustentabilidade global e sua pauta oficial: uma análise crítica na perspectiva da Saúde Coletiva The official agenda of global sustainability: a critical analysis from the perspective of Public Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Eduardo Schütz

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente artigo é realizar, na perspectiva da Saúde Coletiva, uma análise crítica do primeiro ponto da pauta da Rio+20: "Uma economia verde no contexto do desenvolvimento sustentável e da erradicação da pobreza". Metodologicamente, a análise será desenvolvida por meio de dois caminhos confluentes: (a argumentativo - através de uma análise dialética de fatos e relatórios produzidos ao longo do processo; e, (b pragmático - a partir de um perfil socioambiental das atuais vinte maiores economias do mundo, construído com indicadores pertencentes a bases de dados de agências internacionais. Os resultados sugerem que a maior pressão ambiental sobre os recursos naturais não é a pobreza, como entendida pela agenda dominante, mas as condições de produção historicamente determinadas.The scope of this article is to conduct a critical analysis from the perspective of Public Health of the first item of the Rio +20 Summit agenda: "A green economy in the context of sustainable development and the eradication of poverty." Methodologically, the analysis was performed through two converging approaches: (a argumentative - by means of a dialectical analysis of facts and reports produced during the process; and (b pragmatic - an analysis of the socio-environmental profile of the current twenty major economies in the world, using indicators found in international agency databases. The results suggest that the greatest environmental pressure on natural resources is not poverty, as understood by the dominant agenda, but the historically determined models of production.

  17. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    Pension Fund

    2005-01-01

    This year, one member and two alternates are to be elected. The candidate who obtains the most votes will be elected member and the other candidates will be their alternates. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 31 October 2005 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 21 November 2005 Voting closes at 12:00. Counting of votes from 14:30. Tuesday 22 November 2005 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 28 November. CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: Name: MARTEL First Name: Pedro I arrived at CERN as a Staff member in 1995, and have been working with Engineering Databases since then. I ...

  18. 41 CFR 301-10.220 - What requirements must I meet to operate a Government automobile for official travel?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... meet to operate a Government automobile for official travel? 301-10.220 Section 301-10.220 Public... ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 10-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Government Vehicle Government Automobiles § 301-10.220 What requirements must I meet to operate a Government automobile for official travel? You must...

  19. NAGWS Volleyball Rulebook, 1992. Official Rules & Interpretations/Officiating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Reston, VA. National Association for Girls and Women in Sport.

    The National Association for Girls and Women in Sport (NAGWS) Volleyball Rules, are based on the United States Volleyball Rules, which in turn are adopted from the rules and interpretations of the International Volleyball Federation Rules. Following a foreword by Doris Hardy, NAGWS President, the publication is organized into five sections as…

  20. NAGWS Volleyball Rulebook, 1993. Official Rules & Interpretations/Officiating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993

    The National Association for Girls and Women in Sport (NAGWS) Volleyball Rules are based on the United States Volleyball Rules, which in turn are adopted from the rules and interpretations of the International Volleyball Federation Rules. Following a foreword by Robertha Abney, NAGWS President, the publication is organized into six sections as…

  1. 42 CFR 137.295 - May Self-Governance Tribes elect to develop their own environmental review process?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... own environmental review process? Yes, Self-Governance Tribes may develop their own environmental... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false May Self-Governance Tribes elect to develop their own environmental review process? 137.295 Section 137.295 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH...

  2. O homem público em julgamento: avaliação da aplicação da técnica "tribunal do júri" para dirigentes municipais em Santa Catarina Public figures on trial: an assessment of the use of the "Law Court" technique for city officials in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonor Minho Conill

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho descreve a aplicação da técnica "tribunal do júri" ao conjunto de secretários municipais de saúde do Estado de Santa Catarina, para fins de sensibilização à questão dos deveres do administrador público, realizado como parte introdutória de um ciclo de formação para dirigentes municipais em 1997. As diferentes etapas que compõem a técnica são descritas apresentando-se a avaliação dos resultados obtidos. Dos 156 participantes, 98% foram favoráveis à inovação por considerá-la dinâmica/participativa (31%; educativa/reflexiva (27% e por traduzir a realidade (24%. A técnica permitiu a discussão das principais temáticas de interesse para o SUS. Embora os cinco tribunais tenham absolvido o réu, a dimensão ética foi referida por 58% como principal atributo necessário ao homem público.This study describes the "Law Court" technique as applied to City Health Departments in the State of Santa Catarina, in dealing with the issue of obligations on the part of public officials. The project was the first part of a training course for public administrators held in 1997. The article presents the technique's components and results. Some 98% of the 156 participants had a positive opinion of the training course, considering it dynamic/participatory (31%, educational/stimulating reflection (27%, and realistic (24%. The technique fostered the discussion of the main subjects pertaining to the country's Unified Health System (SUS. Although all five juries acquitted the defendants, the issue of ethics was reported by 58% of the participants as the main prerequisite for a public administrator.

  3. ELECTIONS TO THE SENIOR STAFF ADVISORY COMMITTEE 1999 (THE NINE)

    CERN Multimedia

    Werner ZAPF; Polling Officer

    1999-01-01

    The votes for the above-mentioned elections were counted in public at 5.00 p.m. on Thursday, 24 June 1999.The results are as follows: Voting roll553Envelopes returned401\t(73%)Invalid votes9Blank3Valid votes389Electoral GroupNameVotesGroup 2AUTIN BrunoBAILEY, RogerGAROBY, RolandVON RUEDEN, Wolfgang6669118 119Group 5aCUTHBERT, JohnKOULBERG, NicolasLAGRANGE, Thierry13864 138The following persons are elected:One in Group 2: Wolfgang VON RUEDEN, ITOne in Group 5a: John CUTHBERT, PE1)Their mandates are for three years.The Committee now consists of these two newly elected members together with:G. Altarelli,D. Blechschmidt,G. Geschonke,O. Gröbner,J. Richards,L. Rolandi andJ. Schinzel.Werner Zapf, Polling Officer1) Given the ex aequo vote between John Cuthbert and Thierry Lagrange, lots were drawn on 25 June 1999 in the presence of the Polling Officer, the two candidates and members of the NINE. The result was in favour of John Cuthbert.

  4. ELECTIONS TO THE SENIOR STAFF ADVISORY COMMITTEE 2003 ("THE NINE")

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The votes for the above-mentioned elections were counted in public on Monday 16 June 2003 at 5 p.m. THE RESULTS ARE AS FOLLOWS: Voting roll501 Envelopes returned by deadline 302 (60.3 %) Invalid votes 6 Blank 2 Valid votes 294 ELECTORAL GROUP 2 Name Div Votes BORDRY Frederick AB 152 JEANNERET Jean-Bernard AB 57 MARQUINA Miguel Angel IT 61 MEYER Thomas Christian EP 60 MORPURGO Giulio IT 43 MULLER Hans EP 40 PASSARDI Giorgio AT 77 PREGERNIG Ludwig IT 35 RINOLFI Louis AB 63 SAINT-VITEUX Jean-Marc AS 53 SWOBODA Detlef EST 37 SZONCSO Fritz TIS 71 THE FOLLOWING THREE PERSONS ARE ELECTED: Frederick BORDRY / AB Giorgio PASSARDI / AT Fritz SZONCSO / TIS Their mandates are for three years. The Committee now consists of these newly-elected members together with P. Bloch, H. Dijkstra, S. Foffano, R. Garoby, C. Pettenati and F. Ranjard. R. Rayson/HR - Polling Officer Tel. 72808

  5. Statistical detection of systematic election irregularities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimek, Peter; Yegorov, Yuri; Hanel, Rudolf; Thurner, Stefan

    2012-01-01

    Democratic societies are built around the principle of free and fair elections, and that each citizen’s vote should count equally. National elections can be regarded as large-scale social experiments, where people are grouped into usually large numbers of electoral districts and vote according to their preferences. The large number of samples implies statistical consequences for the polling results, which can be used to identify election irregularities. Using a suitable data representation, we find that vote distributions of elections with alleged fraud show a kurtosis substantially exceeding the kurtosis of normal elections, depending on the level of data aggregation. As an example, we show that reported irregularities in recent Russian elections are, indeed, well-explained by systematic ballot stuffing. We develop a parametric model quantifying the extent to which fraudulent mechanisms are present. We formulate a parametric test detecting these statistical properties in election results. Remarkably, this technique produces robust outcomes with respect to the resolution of the data and therefore, allows for cross-country comparisons. PMID:23010929

  6. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    MARS SURVEY 5YR 2015 GENERAL INFORMATION ELECTIONS 2013   COME AND BE INFORMED! Public meetings Tuesday 1st Oct. 10 am Amphi IT, 31-3-004 Meyrin Tuesday 1st Oct. 2 pm Council Chamber, 503-1-001 Meyrin Friday 4 Oct. 10 am Amphi BE, 864-1-D02 Prévessin Monday 7 Oct. 2 pm Council Chamber, 503-1-001 (in English) Meyrin Tuesday 8 Oct. 10 am Amphi Kjell Johnsen, 30-7-018 Meyrin   Overview of the topics to be discussed Recognition of Merit – MARS Outcome of last exercise 2007 to 2013: lessons learned Survey: five-yearly review, give us your opinion General information CVI 2014 Voluntary programmes (PRP, SLS) Elections 2013 Renewal of the Staff Council 2014 - 2015  

  7. Albania economy toward official euroisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erjola BARBULLUSHI

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The euroisation issue in European Integration context, is a continuous process of discussions between different researchers and regulatory institutions. Nowadays, different aspects of collaboration and integration processes between countries in the region, are extended in all politics, economic and security dimensions. In this study, we are going to treat one of the aspects of this process integration for Albania: the possibility of substituting the Albanian Lek with Euro, beginning with the explanation of the concept of euroisation. Also we are going to identify the actual non-official replacement level of lek and how it is expected to be realized in the future. Albania like other developing countries is lack of a currency with which people can buy abroad and which can be used in short-run and long-run credit contracts. On the other hand, the exchange rate represents an important risk, especially for the business which realizes transactions in foreign currency. Here in we are focused on the measurement of the money replacement level in Albania through three main methods. For this purpose is used the regression analysis in order to test the hypothesis under evaluation in two directions: endogenous and exogenous potential factors affecting this replacement. Through the factor analysis identifying the pro and cons of the euroisation phenomenon, we will give the potential alternative in our county economy conditions. Finally, the replacement rate cannot be assessed without being related to the degree of money in circulation replacement and the degree of assets replacement and without being connected with the exchange rate between currencies.

  8. 41 CFR 105-70.005 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 105-70.005 Section 105-70.005 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General...

  9. Exploring the teaching reform in general education--Take public elective excellent course in Xueyuan Road the Interior Design and Appreciation as an example%通识教育教学改革探索--以学院路公选精品课程《室内设计与赏析》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓丹; 陈智婷; 张展翔

    2014-01-01

    The Indoor Design and Appreciation is one of the inter-school public elective excellent courses of 21 universities “teaching community”in Beijing Xueyuan road area.In line with the principle of “complementary”teaching and learning, we combined the traditional teaching with the experience type teaching and explored a new teaching mode which can stimulate students’ interest and optimize the teaching in the general education by using the modern technology to assist our teaching means and reforming the above course teaching content and method.%《室内设计与赏析》是北京市学院路地区21所高校“教学共同体”校际公共选修精品课程之一。本着教与学“相辅相成”的原则,把传统教学与体验式教学相结合,利用现代技术辅助教学手段,通过对上述课程教学内容与教学方式的改革,探索出一条在通识教育中激发学生兴趣、优化课程教学的新模式。

  10. On a Public Elective Course—A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries for Non-English Majors in Higher Vocational Colleges%试论高职非英语专业开设《英美概况》课程——从外语学习动机理论的角度来分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈水英

    2011-01-01

    First,the paper discusses the necessity of the establishment of a public elective course A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries for non-English majors in higher vocational colleges.It is very important to motivate those students in the teaching of the new course.Thus the paper then puts forward some suggestions on how to motivate the non-English majors in higher vocational colleges in the teaching of A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries,based on Wallace Lambert and Robert Gardner's classification of motivation and Dornyei's three-level framework of motivation in foreign language learning.%首先,本文试图去探讨在高职非英语专业开设公共选修课《英美概况》课程的必要性。接着综合应用了Wallace Lambert和Robert Gardner关于外语学习动机的分类理论和Dornyei有关外语学习的三层外语学习动机理论,对在高职非英语专业《英美概况》教学中如何激发学生的学习动机,提出了一些具体的建议。

  11. 非公有制企业党组织引入公推直选的有益探索%Helpful Exploration On the Post-holding Mode of Direct Election for Party Secretary In the Non-public Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管恩琦; 刘建涛

    2011-01-01

    It is significant to introduce the post-holding mode of direct election in non-public enterprises for achieving the unity of rights and obligations for party members,the unity of being responsible for the leaders and the party members and the unity of inner-party democracy and people's democracy.However,during the practical implementation,there are still some problems in this mode considering the system aspect and the specific operation process,which need further study and to resolve.%非公有制企业党组织引入公推直选任职模式,对于实现党员权利与义务的有机统一、对上负责与对下负责的有机统一以及党内民主与人民民主的有机统一具有重要意义。但在实际推行中,公推直选在制度层面上与具体运作过程中仍存在一些问题,文章对此进行了研究与探讨。

  12. Overseas Voter Mobilisation in Singapore: Implications from Malaysia’s 13th General Election

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Gomez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses voter mobilisation and other election-related activities of Malaysian voters living, studying and working in Singapore in the context of Malaysia’s 13th general election (GE13. According to the World Bank, nearly 400,000 Malaysians reside in the city-state. Thus these figures represent a significant Malaysian voter pool based in Singapore. Efforts to mobilise these voters for general elections or other causes have political implications for both countries, which became apparent following Singapore-based Malaysians’ activities to encourage Malaysians to return home to cast their votes during the 13th general election. Singapore’s strict public assembly laws led to several legal issues related to the voter mobilisation and election campaign activities undertaken by Malaysians in the city-state. These legal issues became a source of friction between the two countries during the elections as government leaders and authorities on both sides of the causeway accused the other of interfering in domestic political matters. Given the growing number of Malaysians in Singapore and the likely repeat of Malaysian voter mobilisation activities in Singapore in the run-up to the fourteenth general election (GE14 in 2018, issues related to the election activities of Malaysian voters in Singapore stand to be another set of factors that will shape the health of bilateral relations between these two countries.

  13. Entrepreneurial Government Attitude Towards The Performance of Local Government Officials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Supandi Soegoto

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Public demand for the implementation of good governance in the public sector for several years has been increasing because the performance of public services does not seem to meet public expectations. The purpose of this study is to determine the influence of entrepreneurial mental attitude on the performance of the government apparatus in the district of Sitaro Islands. The analytical method used is associative and relies on multiple linear regression. The results show that both simultaneously and partially, entrepreneurial government mental attitudes including innovator, brave and creative attitudes, creating value and recognizing opportunities, communication skills, human mobility, and resource have a positive and significant impact on the performance of government officials. The results also show the attitude of innovators has the lowest variable value which means that the leaders should enhance the attitude of Mental Entrepreneurial by improving the employees’ attitude of innovators, either through leadership training, entrepreneurship, or education quality improvement, therefore the performance of the officials may be enhanced.DOI: 10.15408/etk.v16i2.4968

  14. Instagram and disqualification of women in brazilian presidential elections in 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Panke

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the disqualification of women in brazilian presidential elections in 2014, taking as an example the comments against President Dilma Rousseff (PT during the second round of the presidential campaign in 2014, published on the official profile on Instagram. For this, the comments of the seven posts were analyzed with more "likes", according to the categories of disqualification "world", "political party" or "candidate" (PANKE, 2012. The research shows that the words directed Dilma present criticism related to gender over the political content. To interpret the data, authors will be used as Luis Felipe Miguel and Flavia Biroli (2014, Marta Lamas (2013 and Luciana Panke (2015, addressing gender issues.

  15. Some Accounting Aspects regarding the Elections Campaigns in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riana Iren Radu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to present the legal framework for financing the election campaigns in Romania and in the world. There are different systems of campaign finance across the world. Some of these systems rely mainly on private funds, some are based mainly on public funds, but most systems are a combination of both. In all cases a certain degree of limitations on contributions and expenditures are a standard characteristic of the campaign finance system. Limitations on contributions can be means to reduce the corruption and limitations on expenditures may be imposed to guarantee egalitarianism among the various political forces.

  16. Free Elections and Democracy Consolidation in Post-Communist Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena-Valeria Stuparu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting from theoretical assumptions confronted with several aspects of the political and electoral system, in this study I intend to highlight the link between free elections and consolidation of democratic regime in Romania after 1989. Despite the dysfunctions, after 25 years it can be noticed the existence of a political culture of supporting the new regime and this is visible in the multiparty system and public debate, in the diversity of citizen’s choices expressed in votes for their representatives.

  17. Physical examinations and laboratory tests in antenatal care visits in Denmark. Do reported practice and current official guidelines concord with results of literature reviews? A nationwide study of the public scheme of shared antenatal care in general practice, centres of midwifery and hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, F B; Andersen, K V; Andersen, A M

    1995-01-01

    To analyse physical examinations and laboratory tests reported in antenatal care visits in relation to official guidelines and reviews of appropriateness.......To analyse physical examinations and laboratory tests reported in antenatal care visits in relation to official guidelines and reviews of appropriateness....

  18. Negative election campaign – violence in political communication?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionela Carmen Boșoteanu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Today, at the beginning of the XXIst century, politics has come to display itself, under all its forms, in front of a mass public through communication media, within the daily exercise of democracy practice. All of the political actors admit that one of the main conditions for having a successful intervention in public debate, in making decisions is to understand the way communication and media work. The growing immixture of communication mass media in the political arena, as well as the tendency to propagate politics – a show with more and more violent and aggressive acts, in absence of arguments, the way political parties and politicians use public relations, marketing and advertising techniques in elections campaigns testify to the political fervour and degradation of political speech.

  19. Serving the Public Interest

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markussen, Thomas; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    system is likely to produce good governance. That is, if benevolent candidates are common, if the president has little discretionary power, and if the public sector is effective. We analyze the role of institutions like investigative media and re-election and show that they can improve or further hamper......We present a model of political selection in which voters elect a president from a set of candidates. We assume that some of the candidates are benevolent and that all voters prefer a benevolent president, i.e. a president who serves the public interest. Yet, political selection may fail in our...

  20. Pension Fund - ELECTIONS - Irene SEIS

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND   This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: Name: SEIS First Name : Irene Our Pension Fund (that of CERN and ESO personnel) is for most of us the only social protection when we retire. Its purpose is to give us a pension, which permits to maintain a certain standard of living for us, and for our dependants. I have worked in the Governing Board of the Pension Fund, as well as in numerous working groups on pension matters, since 11 years, either in my role as a Staff Association delegate, or as a member of the Governing Board. In both environments, I defend the principles of solidarity, which are part of our social security system, and I stand up for maintaining its primary principle, being a defined benefit scheme. Another of my preoccupations is the long-term future of the fund, including the gu...

  1. Elections and Electoral Tribunal in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2011-04-19

    Apr 19, 2011 ... Through such elections, citizens participate in the governance ... the Nigeria's electoral history since its corporate existence as a sovereign state. .... not only corrupt, but unfit to correct the perceived anomalies in the Nigeria's.

  2. Presidential General Election Results - 2012 - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer portrays Presidential general election results for 2012, with results reported by county or county equivalent, for the 50 United States and the...

  3. Complications associated with malnutrition in elective surgical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Complications associated with malnutrition in elective surgical patients in a Malaysian setting. ... Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research ... Purpose: To identify the level of malnutrition and complications observed in Malaysia. Methods: A ...

  4. Local Election Campaign in Social Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bock Segaard, Signe; Agger Nielsen, Jeppe

    In this paper we focus on the usage of social media in political election campaigns. These new arenas have become increasingly important for democratic purposes, such as opinion sharing and discussions between candidates and voters. But there is a lack of research on how social media is used...... in local election campaigns. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the use of social media as it was intended to be central arenas for local election campaigns in Norwegian municipalities. For that purpose we first develop a model of political communication in social media that conceptualise...... candidates, content registration of local blogs, and log file data of local blogs through Google Analytics). In contrast to the democratic vision for social media the analysis demonstrates that the election blogs primarily are used by those who are most politically active in advance. The analysis also shows...

  5. Deterministic Leader Election Among Disoriented Anonymous Sensors

    CERN Document Server

    dieudonné, Yoann; Petit, Franck; Villain, Vincent

    2012-01-01

    We address the Leader Election (LE) problem in networks of anonymous sensors sharing no kind of common coordinate system. Leader Election is a fundamental symmetry breaking problem in distributed computing. Its goal is to assign value 1 (leader) to one of the entities and value 0 (non-leader) to all others. In this paper, assuming n > 1 disoriented anonymous sensors, we provide a complete charac- terization on the sensors positions to deterministically elect a leader, provided that all the sensors' positions are known by every sensor. More precisely, our contribution is twofold: First, assuming n anonymous sensors agreeing on a common handedness (chirality) of their own coordinate system, we provide a complete characterization on the sensors positions to deterministically elect a leader. Second, we also provide such a complete chararacterization for sensors devoided of a common handedness. Both characterizations rely on a particular object from combinatorics on words, namely the Lyndon Words.

  6. The Elections in Uganda, February 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan Gibb

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available On 18 February, Uganda conducted presidential and parliamentary elections. Incumbent president Yoweri Museveni of the National Resistance Movement (NRM won the multiparty contest for a third consecutive time. If his reign as the NRM leader during Uganda’s stint as a one-party state is counted, the February elections marked the beginning of Museveni’s fifth overall term as president. The NRM continues to dominate parliament, having won a super-majority of the contested seats. Opposition members who competed for both the presidential seat and a seat in parliament contested the results of the election, and the primary opposition candidate Kizza Besigye was placed under house arrest. International observers questioned the integrity of the results, specifically in rural areas that were poorly monitored, and opposition strongholds in urban centres suffered logistical problems. The elections reconfirmed the strength of the NRM following years of political infighting.

  7. 1980-81 Literature Electives Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Art

    1981-01-01

    A group of 97 college English departments was surveyed regarding the most popular elective literature courses. Most popular were courses in Shakespeare, fiction, American literature, genre literature, modern and contemporary literature, and the novel. (AEA)

  8. Elections in Russia, 1991-2008

    CERN Document Server

    Treisman, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, I review the main trends in voting in national elections in Russia since 1991, discuss the evidence of manipulation or falsification by the authorities, and use statistical techniques to examine the determinants of voting trends.

  9. 26 CFR 701.9006-1 - Presidential Election Campaign Fund.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 20 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Presidential Election Campaign Fund. 701.9006-1...) INTERNAL REVENUE PRACTICE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN FUND § 701.9006-1 Presidential Election Campaign Fund. (a) Transfer of amounts to the Presidential Election Campaign Fund. The Secretary shall...

  10. The timing of drug funding announcements relative to elections: a case study involving dementia medications.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudeep S Gill

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Following initial regulatory approval of prescription drugs, many factors may influence insurers and health systems when they decide whether to add these drugs to their formularies. The role of political pressures on drug funding announcements has received relatively little attention, and elections represent an especially powerful form of political pressure. We examined the temporal relationship between decisions to add one class of drugs to publicly funded formularies in Canada's ten provinces and elections in these jurisdictions. METHODS: Dates of provincial formulary listings for cholinesterase inhibitors, which are drugs used to treat Alzheimer's disease and related dementias, were compared to the dates of provincial elections. Medical journal articles, media reports, and proceedings from provincial legislatures were reviewed to assemble information on the chronology of events. We tested whether there was a statistically significant increase in the probability of drug funding announcements within the 60-day intervals preceding provincial elections. RESULTS: Decisions to fund the cholinesterase inhibitors were made over a nine-year span from 1999 to 2007 in the ten provinces. In four of ten provinces, the drugs were added to formularies in a time period closely preceding a provincial election (P = 0.032; funding announcements in these provinces were made between 2 and 47 days prior to elections. Statements made in provincial legislatures highlight the key role of political pressures in these funding announcements. CONCLUSIONS: Impending elections appeared to affect the timing of drug funding announcements in this case study. Despite an established structure for evidence-based decision-making, drug funding remains a complex process open to influence from many sources. Awareness of such influences is critical to maintain effective drug policy and public health decision-making.

  11. Election Media and Youth Political Engagement

    OpenAIRE

    Diana Owen

    2009-01-01

    Election campaigns are regular opportunities for heightened political engagement and socialization. For many young people, politics becomes most visible and concrete during electoral contests. However, campaign media, at least in the United States, typically have not targeted young voters with messages that enhance their participation and turnout. In fact, much traditional election media coverage of youth has emphasized their lack of interest and involvement, and thus works to discourage the ...

  12. Forecasting elections in Europe: Synthetic models

    OpenAIRE

    Michael S. Lewis-Beck; Ruth Dassonneville

    2015-01-01

    Scientific work on national election forecasting has become most developed for the United States case, where three dominant approaches can be identified: Structuralists, Aggregators, and Synthesizers. For European cases, election forecasting models remain almost exclusively Structuralist. Here we join together structural modeling and aggregate polling results, to form a hybrid, which we label a Synthetic Model. This model contains a political economy core, to which poll numbers are added (to ...

  13. Trend of Political Situation after UK Election

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ding Shunzhen; Liu Mingli

    2005-01-01

    @@ The Labor party led by Toni Blair won the British election,achieving a consecutive third victory for the first time in Labor's 100 years of history. And Blair became the second Prime Minster who holds consecutive three terms after World War Ⅱ, following Mrs. Thatcher. But Blair may step down during his third term just like Mrs. Thatcher too. Blair's position in British politics has begun to fluctuate after the election, and many variables have occurred.

  14. Iran’s 2009 Presidential Elections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-06

    Velayet e faqih ( Guardianship of the Jurisprudent) is the principle on which the Islamic Republic is based, whereby Islamic (Shariah) law governs society...Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law , no person shall be subject to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection...Turnout in Election,” Fars News Agency (Tehran), June 13, 2009. 23 For information on Iran’s election law and procedures, see the International

  15. Search versus Decision for Election Manipulation Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Hemaspaandra, Edith; Hemaspaandra, Lane A.; Menton, Curtis

    2012-01-01

    Most theoretical definitions about the complexity of manipulating elections focus on the decision problem of recognizing which instances can be successfully manipulated, rather than the search problem of finding the successful manipulative actions. Since the latter is a far more natural goal for manipulators, that definitional focus may be misguided if these two complexities can differ. Our main result is that they probably do differ: If integer factoring is hard, then for election manipulati...

  16. Power laws in Elections A Survey

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Empirical power laws in general elections are surveyed in Brazil, Mexico, India, and with focal analysis in Indonesia. The diversity of preference dynamics in voter’s social network and the way multi-party systems to be in its critical conditions are responsible for this pushing around the evolution of political system at general. For the special case of Indonesia, we report the existing robustness for levels of legislative elections throughout 1999 to 2009. We show that the scale free phenom...

  17. Elective amputation of a "healthy limb".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blom, Rianne M; Guglielmi, Valeria; Denys, Damiaan

    2016-10-01

    Patients with body integrity identity disorder (BIID) experience a strong desire for amputation from very early on. BIID patients are often dismissed when they share their wish for amputation with surgeons. Consequently, patients resort to self-amputation, including complications and sometimes death. BIID patients are not psychotic and are mentally competent to oversee the consequences of an elective amputation. The authors offer arguments in favor of elective amputation.

  18. Model checking the HAVi leader election protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Romijn, J.M.T.

    1999-01-01

    The HAVi specification proposes an architecture for audio/video interoperability in home networks. Part of the HAVi specification is a distributed leader election protocol. We have modelled this leader election protocol in Promela and Lotos and have checked several properties with the tools Spin and Xtl (from the Caesar/Aldebaran package). It turns out that the protocol does not meet some safety properties and that there are situations in which the protocol may never converge to designate a l...

  19. 75 FR 61512 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagrams

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement Outer Continental Shelf Official... Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagrams (OPDs) located within Atlantic Ocean areas, with... informational purposes only. Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagrams in the North Atlantic,...

  20. From Elections to Accountability in Africa?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Bratton

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Competitive elections are becoming institutionalized in Africa. But elections have proven an uncertain mechanism for guaranteeing the accountability of political leaders. One reason is that political accountability has numerous attitudinal, behavioral and institutional requirements, of which popular participation in open elections is only one. Instead, we propose a framework of four elements that together comprise a holistic system of political accountability: (a demand for vertical accountability; (b supply of vertical accountability; (c demand for horizontal accountability; and (d supply of horizontal accountability.The article measures each of these elements using data from Afrobarometer Round 5 (2011–13. On one hand, we find that the weakest link in the chain of accountability remains the vertical one between largely passive electors and evasive legislative agents. On the other hand, we find that the African citizens surveyed think that elections strengthen the institutional autonomy of parliament, thus enabling a greater measure of horizontal accountability. But this pattern of accountability begs several lingering concerns. We wonder whether citizens have sufficient information to accurately monitor the relationship between president and parliament under a democratic constitution, and we find that the quality of elections, along with the partisan predispositions of electoral winners, condition the effect of elections on popular perceptions of accountability.

  1. The mathematics of elections and voting

    CERN Document Server

    Wallis, W D

    2014-01-01

    The Mathematics of Elections and Voting  takes an in-depth look at the mathematics in the context of voting and electoral systems, with focus on simple ballots, complex elections, fairness, approval voting, ties, fair and unfair voting, and manipulation techniques. The exposition opens with a sketch of the mathematics behind the various methods used in conducting elections. The reader is lead to a comprehensive picture of the theoretical background of mathematics and elections through an analysis of Condorcet’s Principle and Arrow’s Theorem of conditions in electoral fairness. Further detailed discussion of various related topics include: methods of manipulating the outcome of an election, amendments, and voting on small committees. In recent years, electoral theory has been introduced into lower-level mathematics courses, as a way to illustrate the role of mathematics in our everyday life.  Few books have studied voting and elections from a more formal mathematical viewpoint.  This text wi...

  2. Miami's Zika Infections Up to 14: Officials

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160177.html Miami's Zika Infections Up to 14: Officials Health experts warn ... number of local transmissions of the mosquito-borne Zika virus in South Florida has apparently increased to ...

  3. Official portrait of astronaut Guy S. Gardner

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Official portrait of Guy S. Gardner, United States Air Force Colonel, member of Astronaut Class 9 (1980), and space shuttle pilot. Gardner wears a launch and entry suit (LES) with the helmet displayed on his left.

  4. Official portrait of astronaut Robert C. Springer

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    Official portrait of astronaut Robert C. Springer, United Stated Marine Corps (USMC) Colonel, member of Astronaut Class 9 (1980), and mission specialist. Springer wears launch and entry suit (LES) while holding helmet.

  5. Officials: Aerial Spraying Working Against Miami Mosquitoes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 160274.html Officials: Aerial Spraying Working Against Miami Mosquitoes The insects are to blame for first cases ... 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Aerial spraying is killing many mosquitoes in a part of Miami where the insects ...

  6. 7 CFR 58.646 - Official identification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... applicable requirements in subpart A of this part which have been officially inspected in process and found.... grades established (nonfat dry milk, whole milk, buttermilk and whey) shall be U.S. Extra Grade or...

  7. A Better Handoff for Code Officials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conover, David R.; Yerkes, Sara

    2010-09-24

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program has partnered with ICC to release the new Building Energy Codes Resource Guide: Code Officials Edition. We created this binder of practical materials for a simple reason: code officials are busy learning and enforcing several codes at once for the diverse buildings across their jurisdictions. This doesn’t leave much time to search www.energycodes.gov, www.iccsafe.org, or the range of other helpful web-based resources for the latest energy codes tools, support, and information. So, we decided to bring the most relevant materials to code officials in a way that works best with their daily routine, and point to where they can find even more. Like a coach’s game plan, the Resource Guide is an "energy playbook" for code officials.

  8. Pioneering SESAME light source officially opened

    CERN Multimedia

    Caraban Gonzalez, Noemi

    2017-01-01

    Allan, Jordan, 16 May 2017. The SESAME light source was today officially opened by His Majesty King Abdullah II. An intergovernmental organization, SESAME is the first regional laboratory for the Middle East and neighbouring regions The laboratory’s official opening ushers in a new era of research covering fields ranging from medicine and biology, through materials science, physics and chemistry to healthcare, the environment, agriculture and archaeology.

  9. Chinese Airline Official Microblog Influence Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Li

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available 10 Airlines official micro-blog on the sina microblog platform as sample, airline official microblog influence is analysed. Six indexes, fans number, microblog open time; average daily microblog number, proportion of original microblog, average comment number and reposted number are used to found the principal component analysis model. Three principal components microblog activity, fans initiative and microblog innovation degree, contribute 84% of the total resources. Suggestions to improve airline microblog influence are given based on characteristics of the model.

  10. 29 CFR 452.30 - Run-off elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Run-off elections. 452.30 Section 452.30 Labor Regulations... OF 1959 Frequency and Kinds of Elections § 452.30 Run-off elections. A run-off election must meet the... example, if the run-off is to be held at the same meeting as the original election, the original notice...

  11. On official corruption in the Yuan dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhi'an

    2006-01-01

    The vicious cycle of official corruption got worse unprecedent edly in the Yuan dynasty (ca.1279-1368).Corrupt officials at all levels from the local to the central governments were "extremely shameless and greedy."Even many court ministers got involved in the vicious cycle of corruption.The top officialdom was polluted and degenerated badly because the Mongolian nobles made their "Sauqaf" (taking gifts) tradition and the Semu,both official and merchant groups,took bribes as a way to amass wealth.Although the Mongol Yuan rulers did make a set of anti-corruption policies such as detailed rules of censorship and inspection relating to corruption crimes,these didn't work well.Of all the reasons of the Yuan official corruption,the old Mongolian steppe traditions play the most important role,which formed the context for the low salary,improper selection and poor quality of the officials and of bending the law wrongly to pardon official misconduct.

  12. Private opportunity, public benefit?

    OpenAIRE

    John Hall

    1998-01-01

    The newly elected Labour government has pledged to ‘reinvigorate the Private Finance Initiative’, as part of the new emphasis on ‘public/private partnerships’ in the delivery of core public services. This article assesses the merits of using private finance to deliver public services against three criteria: whether it will lead to additional investment in social infrastructure, whether it represents good value for the taxpayer’s money and whether the use of private finance will reduce the pub...

  13. Private opportunity, public benefit?

    OpenAIRE

    John Hall

    1998-01-01

    The newly elected Labour government has pledged to ‘reinvigorate the Private Finance Initiative’, as part of the new emphasis on ‘public/private partnerships’ in the delivery of core public services. This article assesses the merits of using private finance to deliver public services against three criteria: whether it will lead to additional investment in social infrastructure, whether it represents good value for the taxpayer’s money and whether the use of private finance will reduce the pub...

  14. The Electoral Costs of Being a Woman in the 1979 British General Election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Jorgen S.

    An analysis of voting behavior toward women candidates in the 1979 general election in Great Britain determined whether public opinion has shifted against an equal political role for women. A total of 104 Labour, Liberal, and Conservative female candidates were measured against a control group of the same number of male candidates. The research…

  15. Using Elections as Teachable Moments: A Randomized Evaluation of the Student Voices Civic Education Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syvertsen, Amy K.; Stout, Michael D.; Flanagan, Constance A.

    2009-01-01

    The recommitment of public education to its civic roots has revived discussion on how to engage younger generations of citizens in electoral politics and civic life. This randomized trial of 1,670 high school students in 80 social studies classrooms evaluates the impact of an election-based civics program on students' civic knowledge, skills, and…

  16. 78 FR 55122 - Submission for Review: Report of Medical Examination of Person Electing Survivor Benefits Under...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ... Civil Service Retirement System. OMB: 3206-0162. Frequency: On occasion. Affected Public: Individuals or... the Civil Service Retirement System, OPM 1530 AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: 60... Examination of Person Electing Survivor Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement System, OPM 1530....

  17. Historic Election and New Tech Tools Yield Promising Vistas for Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

    2008-01-01

    This article describes how some teachers such as Gamal Sherif are turning to electronic resources to capture students' interest in the election. Sherif, who teaches history and science at the Science Leadership Academy, a public school in Philadelphia, said "the technology is fun and helpful, but it's also a tool one can use to get a better…

  18. Political Culture, Voter Turnout, and the 1989 Local School Council Elections in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, James H.; And Others

    A study was done of the school reform and restructuring effort in the Chicago (Illinois) Public Schools specifically of the extent to which the legislative mandate for restructuring, new management, and constituent interests has been translated into educational policy and voter turnout in local school council elections. The study used data from a…

  19. 42 CFR 418.205 - Special requirements for hospice pre-election evaluation and counseling services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... evaluation and counseling services. 418.205 Section 418.205 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID... Services § 418.205 Special requirements for hospice pre-election evaluation and counseling services. (a... evaluation and counseling services as specified in § 418.304(d) may be made to a hospice on behalf of...

  20. Finding Europe: mapping and explaining antecedents of 'Europeanness' in news about the 2009 European Parliamentary elections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schuck, A.R.T.; de Vreese, C.H.

    2011-01-01

    Previous research has characterized European news coverage as mainly domestic in focus, hampering the emergence of a European public sphere. This study analyses the European nature of the news coverage of the 2009 European Parliamentary elections. We not only describe the level of Europeanness in ne

  1. Elections of Members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Members of the Pension Fund are informed of the elections of the 2004 Governing Board, in accordance with the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund approved by the Finance Committee on 11 October 1989. One member and one alternate are to be elected. Nomination forms (pdf) are provided in this Bulletin and must be deposited with the Administration of the Fund by midday on Monday 29 September at the latest. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 29 September 2003 Closure of the submission of candidatures at the Administration of the Fund, at 12 hrs. Candidates are responsible for sending in their «publicity» in French and English in a WORD document to the Administrator of the Fund (e-mail: Christian.Cuenoud@Cern.ch) as soon as possible after having submitted their candidature and at the latest by 7 October for publication in the Bulletin of 13 October. Monday 3 November 2003 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin ...

  2. The Corruption Trend among Public Officials in Malaysia: An Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Noor Sulastry Yurni Ahmad

    2010-01-01

    The war against corruption is vital to a nation. No one can dispute the negative consequences of corruption, but still, there are those who tend to condone its practice and view it as a necessary evil of economic development. Governments in several Asian and African countries tend to accept this as part and partial of economic development. However, the fallacy of this argument was exposed following the 1997 Asian financial crisis, which demonstrated how corruption had short-changed the countr...

  3. Does Filial Piety Make a Good Government Official?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    FILIAL piety has been an essential element of traditional Chinese culture since the time of Confucius and is all about the way Chinese relate to their parents and other family members.Now the concept has found its way into the workplace.Recently this virtue was introduced as one of the criteria for selecting government officials,leading to a flurry of debate among the public. In Weixian County,north China’s Hebei Province,Qi Jinghai, Secretary of the Weixian Committee of the Communist Party of China,introduced a regulation stating that candidates applying

  4. The Use of Vague Language in the Official Speeches Based on a Self-built Corpus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴茜

    2015-01-01

    Fuzzy Sets, introduced by Prof. L.A.Zadeh, was defined as “the dividing line is not distinctly separate and a certain set”, namely “fuzzy class indicates the categories in it, not the transition between the categories, and it is gradual not in unitary form.” This fuzzy nature of language is the unavoidable natural existence of human natural language system.Official speech is one way for the public to know about the social events and is the most convincing one. Vague language contributes a lot to the pragmatic functions in official speeches, such as the increasement of reliability and authenticity, to protect journalists and mitigate the responsibility. This paper, based on fuzzy linguistics, fuzzy semantics, pragmatics, studies the vague language in official speeches on newspaper, periodical or internet in order to enrich the use of vague language in official speeches, get a better transmission of social information.

  5. Second-rate election campaigning? An analysis of campaign styles in European parliamentary elections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.H. de Vreese

    2009-01-01

    The literature on professionalization of political campaigns is strongly biased toward first-order (national) elections and the U.S. and U.K. contexts. This study expands that scope. Based on a survey of candidates for the 2004 European elections in eight European Union countries, we tested whether

  6. 45 CFR 1201.4 - Service of subpoenas, court orders, and other demands or requests for official information or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service of subpoenas, court orders, and other demands or requests for official information or action. 1201.4 Section 1201.4 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE PRODUCTION...

  7. 高职非英语专业开设《英美概况》课程分析%On a Public Elective Course--A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries for Non-English Majors in Higher Vocational Colleges --From Perspective of Theory of Motivation in Foreign Language Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈水英

    2011-01-01

    The establishment of a public elective course A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries for non-English majors in higher vocational colleges is essential : it helps to better the existing English teaching for non-English majors in higher vocational colleges ; it helps to strengthen the students' ability of cross-cultural communication and it corresponds with the actual teaching schedule for these students. The current study combines Wallace Lambert and Robert Gardner' s classification of motivation and Dornyei' s three-level framework of motivation in foreign language learning and analyzes how to motivate the non-English majors in higher vocational colleges in the teaching of A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries from three perpectives : the Language Level, the Learner Level and the Learning Situation Level.%将《英美概况》列入高职非英语专业的公共选修课,有利于增强高职学生的外语兴趣,有利于提升高职学生的跨文化交流能力。如何在高职非英语专业中展开《英关概况》教学,建议借鉴外语学习动机理论从语言、学习者、学习情境等三个层面来激发学生学习外语的热情和兴趣。

  8. Presidential elections: centrality, context, and implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lima Junior Olavo Brasil de

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The author argues that the conjugation of certain democratic, socioeconomic and political factors has led to the "nationalization" of presidential elections in Brazil since 1960. The expansion of the electoral market resulting from urbanization and the growth of the electorate, together with the progressive removal of the obstacles to voting - due to income, gender, age, and education - has democratized the electoral process by diversifying the social structure of the electorate. Since then, the president's election has ceased to depend solely upon rural political forces and now involves multiple combinations of rural and urban political forces. Candidates can no longer count on specific social groups in order to guarantee their election, and need to widen their appeal. Based on the results of the direct presidential elections of 1960, 1989, 1994 and 1998, the author contends that the "nationalization" of the vote is part of the political integration of Brazilian society and that this, together with the social complexity of the electorate, means that the candidate's appeal and political stance need to be more wide-ranging in order to prevent potential conflicts from arising during the election campaign.

  9. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Members of the Pension Fund are informed of the elections of the 2005 Governing Board, in accordance with the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund approved by the Finance Committee on 11 October 1989. Two members and two alternates are to be elected. Nomination forms are provided in this Bulletin and must be deposited with the Administration of the Fund by midday on Monday 27 September at the latest. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 27 September 2004 Closure of the submission of candidatures at the Administration of the Fund (Building 5/1-025), at 12 hrs. Candidates are responsible for sending in their â€ワpublicity” in French and English in a WORD document to the Administrator of the Fund (e-mail: Christian.Cuenoud@Cern.ch) as soon as possible after having submitted their candidature and at the latest by 4 October for publication in the Bulletin of 11 October. Monday 1st November 2004 Second publication of the ...

  10. Elections of Members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Members of the Pension Fund are informed of the elections of the 2006 Governing Board, in accordance with the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund approved by the Finance Committee on 11 October 1989. One member and two alternates are to be elected. Nomination forms are provided in this Bulletin and must be deposited with the Administration of the Fund by midday on Monday 3 October at the latest. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 3 october 2005 Closure of the submission of candidatures at the Administration of the Fund, at 12 hrs. Candidates are responsible for sending in their “publicity” in French and English in a WORD document to the Administrator of the Fund (e-mail: Christian.Cuenoud@Cern.ch) as soon as possible after having submitted their candidature and at the latest by 10 October for publication in the Bulletin of 17 October. Monday 31 october 2005 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin...

  11. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pensions Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    This year, two members and two alternates are to be elected. The candidates who obtain most votes will be elected members and the other candidates will be their alternates. New timetable (extract) : Monday 10 January 2005 Second publication of the candidates' publicity and the statement from all the candidates in the Bulletin. Monday 31 January 2005 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 1st February 2005 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 7 February. Statement from the Candidates for Election to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund The composition of the Governing Board of the CERN Pension Fund is as follows. two members appointed by the CERN council and two alternates two members appointed by the DG of CERN and two alternates one member appointed by the Staff Association and one alternate one member appointed by the DG of ESO and one alternate four members elected by the members of the fund and four ...

  12. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    This year, one member and one alternate are to be elected. The candidate who obtains the most votes will be elected member and the other candidate will be her/his alternate. Timetable (extract): Monday 6 November 2006 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 20 November 2006 Voting closes at 12 midday. Counting of votes from 2.30 p.m. Tuesday 21 November 2006 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 27 November 2006. CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: First name: Michel Name: Goossens The CERN/ESO Pension Fund represents, for most staff, the sole source of income when they retire. The health of our Pension Fund is thus of the utmost importance...

  13. Engaging Nursing Voice and Presence During the Federal Election Campaign 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whyte, Nora B; Duncan, Susan M

    2016-01-01

    During the Canadian federal election in 2015, we conducted a systematic inquiry into the methods and messages developed by national nursing organizations to communicate their policy platforms and their strategies for member and public engagement. Throughout the campaign and in the post-election period, the nursing organizations presented an outward-looking view to improve health and healthcare for Canadians. We observed ways in which they adopted a nursing lens on the issues by showcasing background research, by drawing on relevant nursing knowledge and by communicating clear policy messages based on nursing expertise. The organizations and their members were effective in using social media as a primary tool for reaching out to the candidates, the public and the opinion leaders. The increasing engagement of nursing students in political action is noted as a promising sign for the future impact of the profession. Although the nursing presence was visible in this election, healthcare did not become a strong issue for the public and the political parties. We include a section on post-election uptake of issues raised during the campaign. We conclude with a call for a policy research agenda that deepens our knowledge of political advocacy with a view to identifying how patterns of engagement are defining nursing's collective influence and contributions to health equity.

  14. ELECTIONS OF MEMBERS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Members of the Pension Fund are informed of the elections of the 2002 Governing Board, in accordance with the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund approved by the Finance Committee on 11 October 1989. Two members and two alternates are to be elected. Nomination forms are provided in this Bulletin (overleaf) and must be deposited with the Administration of the Fund by midday on Monday 1st October at the latest. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 1st October 2001 Closure of the submission of candidatures at the Administration of the Fund, at 12 hrs. Candidates are responsible for sending in their «publicity» in French and English in a WORD document to the Administrator of the Fund (e-mail: Christian.Cuenoud@Cern.ch) as soon as possible after having submitted their candidature and at the latest by 9 October for publication in the Bulletin of 15 October. Monday 5 November 2001 Second publication of the candidates' publici...

  15. The Usage Evaluation of Official Computer Terms in Bahasa Indonesia in Indonesian Government Official Websites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amalia, A.; Gunawan, D.; Lydia, M. S.; Charlie, C.

    2017-03-01

    According to Undang-Undang Dasar Republik Indonesia 1945 Pasal 36, Bahasa Indonesia is a National Language of Indonesia. It means Bahasa Indonesia must be used as an official language in all levels ranging from government to education as well as in development of science and technology. The Government of Republic of Indonesia as the highest and formal authority must use official Bahasa Indonesia in their activities including in their official websites. Therefore, the government issued a regulation instruction called Instruksi Presiden (Inpres) No. 2 Tahun 2001 to govern the usage of official computer terms in Bahasa Indonesia. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the usage of official computer terms in Bahasa Indonesia compared to the computer terms in English. The data are obtained from the government official websites in Indonesia. The method consists of data gathering, template detection, string extraction and data analysis. The evaluation of official computer terms in Bahasa Indonesia falls into three categories, such as good, moderate and poor. The number of websites in good category is 281 websites, the moderate category is 512 websites and the poor category is 290 websites. The authorized institution may use this result as additional information to evaluate the implementation of official information technology terms in Bahasa Indonesia.

  16. Agenda-setting and positioning strategies of Vladimir Putin in presidential elections March 4, 2012, Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelia Peru-Balan

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article author intends to identify positioning strategies of Vladimir Putin in presidential elections March 4, 2012. What is new for this election is that for the first time were installed Web cameras at 90.000 polling stations, were installed transparent ballot boxes and, not least, for the first time Russian voters have chosen a president for a term of six years. Putin did not had the traditional campaign slogan, he gave up to the electoral debates, and his electoral program was presented to voters in the 7 electoral articles appeared in various Russian publications. The final score was predictable and Putin won the election with 63.6% while exit poll shows - 59.3%.

  17. Serving the Public Interest

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markussen, Thomas; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    system is likely to produce good governance. That is, if benevolent candidates are common, if the president has little discretionary power, and if the public sector is effective. We analyze the role of institutions like investigative media and re-election and show that they can improve or further hamper...

  18. «Rotten boroughs» and democratization. The municipal elections of April of 1933

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Villa García

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Until 1979, the local elections of April 1933 were the last of a democratic nature to be held in Spain. Their importance is determined, moreover, for being the most sincere expression of rural democracy, which had previously been mediated by mechanisms such as «the encasillado» and Article 29 of the electoral act of 1907. In this article we analyze these elections, which until now lacked an overall treatment, using not only secondary sources or press, but also official papers. With these documents, we were able to reconstruct electoral results that were, up until then, still incomplete and fragmentary. Our goal is to measure the degree of politicization of a significant sample of the rural electorate in the 30´s, after half a century of representative liberal regime, through the reconstruction of the process leading to these elections, the organization of political parties in rural towns and the correlation of forces due to alliances, the nature of the propaganda used and the presence of vote-distorting elements (governmental intervention, political violence, etcetera. Another point of focus is whether this politicization tended to consolidate the foundations of the current constitutional model and the ruling coalition or, on the contrary, if it was a reactive phenomenon, carried out by forces of the opposition, both republican and conservative. In general, after the reconstruction of the final results and considering nuances, this text leans more towards the second interpretation, although the intensity varied from one region to another.

  19. 'Elective' ventilation: an unethical and harmful misnomer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stammers, Trevor

    2013-01-01

    The demand for organs prompted the first use of elective ventilation in the UK in the 1990s. Recently the shortfall in supply of organs has once again prompted calls for elective ventilation to be instituted even in patients who are not brain dead. This paper proposes that the term 'elective' ventilation is a misnomer and the term non-therapeutic ventilation (NTV) should be used instead. It is further argued that the practice of NTV in cases of severe stroke is unethical and has the potential of causing a variety of harms to the patient, their relatives, and the healthcare professionals working in transplant teams and this may result in a backlash of reductions in the number of organ donations.

  20. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND CANDIDATE NR 4

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : MYERS First Name : Stephen I have been at CERN since 1972, and was elected member of the Governing Board for the first time in 1998. The Governing Board then nominated me to the Investments Committee where I have been a member since the beginning of 1999. Since then I have actively participated in redefining and transforming the investment portfolio in order to improve the overall return and where possible reduce the risk. The portfolio has recently been greatly improved and now allows much simpler more transparent monitoring of our investment. I have also actively participated and hopefully made useful contributions in discussions conc...

  1. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND 4th candidate

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : MYERS First Name : Stephen I have been at CERN since 1972, and was elected member of the Governing Board for the first time in 1998. The Governing Board then nominated me to the Investments Committee where I have been a member since the beginning of 1999. Since then I have actively participated in redefining and transforming the investment portfolio in order to improve the overall return and where possible reduce the risk. The portfolio has recently been greatly improved and now allows much simpler more transparent monitoring of our investment. I have also actively participated and hopefully made useful contributions in discussions conc...

  2. Blisters associated with elective wrist surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Tsipora; Chernofsky, Michael A; Luria, Shai

    2015-01-01

    Blistering of the skin has been reported after high energy trauma or arthroplasties of large joints. It is rare in wrist trauma and seldom reported following elective wrist surgery. We present three cases of skin blistering after elective wrist surgery. Two female patients aged 18 and 35 years and one male patient aged 53 years were treated with total wrist fusion, carpometacarpal fusion, and open wrist ligament repair. They reported burning pain at the blister site. The blisters were clear and treated with dressing changes. There were no infections or wound complications and all blisters resolved without sequelae. These complications were probably due to a combination of factors, including swelling, compression from dressing and splint, multiple surgical incisions, and the use of adhesive dressing. Reassurance and proper wound care are recommended for the complication of clear blistering following elective wrist surgery.

  3. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND 3rd candidate

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : Hauviller First Name : Claude Dear colleague of CERN and ESO, For the first time, I am standing and requesting your support to become a member of the Governing Board of our Pension Fund. CERN staff member since 1974, I have already carried elective mandates: I have been Delegate to the Staff Council and Member of the Senior Staff Consultative Committee (the Nine). For the majority of us, our Pension Fund is our only social provident scheme and source of retirement income; I believe I can usefully contribute to its successful management and help ensure its balance. Our Fund reaches its majority: soon, there will be more beneficiaries tha...

  4. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND CANDIDATE NR 3

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : HAUVILLER First Name : Claude Dear colleague of CERN and ESO, For the first time, I am standing and requesting your support to become a member of the Governing Board of our Pension Fund. CERN staff member since 1974, I have already carried elective mandates: I have been Delegate to the Staff Council and Member of the Senior Staff Consultative Committee (the Nine). For the majority of us, our Pension Fund is our only social provident scheme and source of retirement income; I believe I can usefully contribute to its successful management and help ensure its balance. Our Fund reaches its majority: soon, there will be more beneficiaries tha...

  5. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    This year, one member and two alternates are to be elected. The candidate who obtains the most votes will be elected member and the other candidates will be their alternates. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 21 November 2005 Voting closes at 12:00. Counting of votes from 14:30. Tuesday 22 November 2005 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 28 November. CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: Name: MARTEL First Name: Pedro I arrived at CERN as a Staff member in 1995, and have been working with Engineering Databases since then. I am also personally interested in (macro and micro) economic issues. As a member of the Staff Association's Executive Commission in charge ...

  6. THE 2014 EUROPEAN ELECTIONS IN ROMANIA. TRANSLATING LOW MEDIA SALIENCE INTO ELECTORAL ”SILENCE”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loredana RADU

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available European Elections are often perceived as ”second-order” elections, thus enjoying lower visibility and turnout than national/presidential elections. According to the specialized literature, this might be due to the fact the EU is usually seen by the electorate (i.e. citizens of the member states as a far away issue, out of its core area of concern, a phenomenon rooted, for example, into a low degree of europeanization of the national public spheres (Delanty, 2007 or poor European leadership (Habermas, 2012. This paper aims at exploring how European Elections have been approached by the five most popular TV channels in Romania: TVR1, PRIMA TV, Antena 1, Kanal D, and PRO TV. Our paper builds on an extensive content analysis of all of the 3257 prime time news broadcasted by these TV channels between April 25 and May 25 (i.e. during the electoral campaign. Our research focuses on media salience of European Elections, as well as on the key actors present in these news.

  7. Leprosy in Pakistan: LEPRA elective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladhani, S

    1998-06-01

    As part of the curriculum, medical students at the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas's Hospitals (UMDS), London, are encouraged to spend an elective period of 8 weeks in their final year anywhere in the world, studying any field of medicine they are interested in. Having lived in Tanzania for 10 years, I have had contact with people suffering from leprosy and my interest in leprosy continued after I moved to Europe to continue my education. I therefore decided to use my elective to gain hands-on experience with the disease so that I could understand and appreciate the impact of leprosy in developing countries such as Pakistan.

  8. Forecasting elections in Europe: Synthetic models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael S. Lewis-Beck

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Scientific work on national election forecasting has become most developed for the United States case, where three dominant approaches can be identified: Structuralists, Aggregators, and Synthesizers. For European cases, election forecasting models remain almost exclusively Structuralist. Here we join together structural modeling and aggregate polling results, to form a hybrid, which we label a Synthetic Model. This model contains a political economy core, to which poll numbers are added (to tap omitted variables. We apply this model to a sample of three Western European countries: Germany, Ireland, and the United Kingdom. This combinatory strategy appears to offer clear forecasting gains, in terms of lead and accuracy.

  9. Facebook factor in presidential elections in 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai Covaci

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Elections and presidential campaign from November 2014 have produced in Romania a unique case study. In addition to specific electoral „bait“ of our lands were recovered virtual possibilities offered by current Internet infrastructure. In this occasion, has appeared new concepts in politics area and it was an occasion of historical moment manifestation which must be understood in the context of our living technology era. We witnessed to manifestation of social growing and political consciousness of the Romanians in the country and the Diaspora. Potential voters or those who missed the previous elections should not be ignored. It was a lesson in democracy wave manifested in the virtual environment.

  10. A novel energy efficient broadcast leader election

    OpenAIRE

    Jacquet, Philippe; Milioris, Dimitrios; Muhlethaler, Paul

    2013-01-01

    International audience; We introduce a new algorithm to achieve a distributed leader election in a broadcast channel that is more efficient than the classic Part-and-Try algorithm. The algorithm has the adavantage of having a reduced overhead $\\log\\log N$ rather than $\\log N$. More importantly the algorithm has the a greatly reduced energy consumption since it requires $O(N^{1/k})$ burst transmissions instead of $O(N/k)$, per election, $k$ being a parameter depending on the physical propertie...

  11. Elective cesarean hysterectomy vs elective cesarean section followed by remote hysterectomy: reassessing the risks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bost; Rising; Bost

    1998-07-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the risks of elective cesarean hysterectomy with the risks of elective cesarean section followed by remote hysterectomy.Methods: A census of elective cesarean hysterectomies (n = 31) and a random sample of 200 cesarean sections and 200 hysterectomies performed by the authors between 1987 and 1996 were evaluated. Only elective repeat and primary cesarean section patients without labor were selected for study (n = 86). Total abdominal hysterectomies were drawn from the sample (n = 60), excluding cancer cases, patients over 50 years old, and those with ancillary procedures other than adnexectomy and lysis of adhesions. General probability theory was used to calculate a predicted complication rate of cesarean section followed by TAH from the complication rates of the component procedures done independently. This predicted combined complication rate was then compared to the observed rate of complications from cesarean hysterectomy to evaluate the risks of the two alternative treatment regimens.Results: Elective cesarean section and total abdominal hysterectomy had complication rates of 12.8% and 13.4%, respectively. The predicted combined complication rate for elective cesarean section followed by TAH was 24.5%. The observed rate of complications for elective cesarean hysterectomy was much lower (16.1%). Although bleeding complications were similar for the two regimens, the rate of transfusion was higher for cesarean hysterectomy (13.0%) than for cesarean section (0%) and TAH (3.4%) alone. Eighty percent of the cesarean hysterectomy patients would have been candidates for autologous blood donation, had it been available.Conclusions: Elective cesarean hysterectomy has a lower risk of complications than elective cesarean section followed by remote abdominal hysterectomy and should be preferred. Transfusion risks are higher for cesarean hysterectomy but can be decreased by the use of autologous blood.

  12. 9 CFR 54.11 - Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. 54.11 Section 54.11 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL... laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. (a) State, Federal, and...

  13. 2004 Presidential General Election, State Results - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set portrays election results by State for the 2004 Presidential general election. It includes data for electoral votes and popular votes for the...

  14. 2008 Presidential General Election, State Results - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set portrays election results by State for the 2008 Presidential general election. It includes data for electoral votes and popular votes for the...

  15. Predicting Political Elections from Rapid and Unreflective Face Judgments

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Charles C. Ballew; Alexander Todorov

    2007-01-01

    Here we show that rapid judgments of competence based solely on the facial appearance of candidates predicted the outcomes of gubernatorial elections, the most important elections in the United States...

  16. Role of Newspaper Coverage and Political Ads in Local Elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luttbeg, Norman R.

    1988-01-01

    Characterizes the differences in the content of local newspaper's coverage (including political advertisements) of municipal and school board elections. Finds that local newspapers can raise consciousness of these elections and can increase voter turnout. (RS)

  17. The Wired City; A Handbook on Cable Television for Local Officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledbetter, Theodore, Jr.; Mendelson, Gilbert

    Viewing cable television systems as a new communications system rather than just another business, this handbook provides a variety of information designed for local officials who must make knowledgeable public interest decisions. After a critical history of franchising procedures and a discussion of the naivete of local governments, the specific…

  18. Elections to the Highest State Authorities in Western Belarus in 1940 as an Element of the Region’ Sovietization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandr V. Kuryanovich

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with one of the poorly studied fragments of Russian history – elections of deputies of the USSR Supreme Council and the BSSR Supreme Council for Western Belarus. Inclusion of this territory into the USSR and the BSSR in 1939 was the critical issue in the region in order to establish a social system that existed in the USSR and the Byelorussian SSR for over twenty years. Within a few months the Soviet government implemented a major event (the nationalization of industry, confiscation of the land fund, etc., laid the foundation for a new system and launched the building of socialism in all directions. The study is considered an important element of the policy of the Soviet power – the election of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and the BSSR Supreme Council of Western Belarus, which took place in 1940. On the basis of a wide range of original archival sources, most of which are introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, the author reveals a large-scale picture of the election campaign designed to persuade the millions of people who had lived for more than 15 years in a completely non-Bolshevik political and socio-economic conditions, the advantages of a fundamentally different social model on socialist principles, as well as significantly enhance the legitimacy of the Soviet regime. The author assesses the situation prevailing in Western Belarus on the eve of the election, analyzes the electoral law, elections organizational aspects, forms and methods of campaigning. The special attention is paid to the unequivocal attitude of the people to the election campaign, and the appropriate assessment of the official results is carried out.

  19. It's complicated: Facebook users' political participation in the 2008 election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitak, Jessica; Zube, Paul; Smock, Andrew; Carr, Caleb T; Ellison, Nicole; Lampe, Cliff

    2011-03-01

    In the 2008 U.S. presidential election, social network sites such as Facebook allowed users to share their political beliefs, support specific candidates, and interact with others on political issues. But do political activities on Facebook affect political participation among young voters, a group traditionally perceived as apathetic in regard to civic engagement? Or do these activities represent another example of feel-good participation that has little real-world impact, a concept often referred to as "slacktivism"? Results from a survey of undergraduate students (N = 683) at a large public university in the Midwestern United States conducted in the month prior to the election found that students tend to engage in lightweight political participation both on Facebook and in other venues. Furthermore, two OLS regressions found that political activity on Facebook (e.g., posting a politically oriented status update, becoming a "fan" of a candidate) is a significant predictor of other forms of political participation (e.g., volunteering for an organizing, signing a paper or online petition), and that a number of factors--including intensity of Facebook use and the political activity users see their friends performing on the site--predict political activity on Facebook. Students' perceptions regarding the appropriateness of political activity on Facebook, as well as the specific kinds of political activities they engaged in and witnessed within the site, were also explored.

  20. Study of Social Media in Internet Public Sphere of Russia- Exampled by “Election for Honesty” in 2011-2012%试论俄罗斯网络公共领域的社交媒体 --以2011-2012年“为了诚实的选举”运动为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马强

    2016-01-01

    近年来,身处世界信息技术变革大潮中的俄罗斯走进了网络化时代,随着计算机、手机等现代通信工具的普及应用,俄罗斯网民群体规模迅速扩大。特别是进入Web 2.0时代,社交媒体被广泛使用,形成了个人自由表达意愿、深入讨论、信息交流的网络公共领域。2011—2012年“为了诚实的选举”运动在很大程度上是通过网络公共领域酝酿、动员和实践的。网络公共领域似乎成为俄罗斯现行政治体制下最适宜孕育公民社会的土壤,对原有的权力结构造成了巨大冲击。在这次运动后,随着网络管控措施的出台,国家权力进入互联网领域,以实现网络公共领域的国家在场,让网络公共领域成为国家权力和社会力量、政权党和反对派博弈的空间。%In recent years, Russia, in the spring tide of IT transformation in the world, enters into the networking era. With the popularity of such modern communication tools as computer and mobile phone, the group of netizens in Russia is expanded rapidly. Especially after the coming of Web2.0 era, the social media are widely used, forming the Internet public spheres for individuals to express wishes, conduct deep discussions and exchange information. In 2011-2012, the movement of “election for honesty” is to a great extent prepared, mobilized and practiced through Internet public sphere, which has seemingly become the soil most suitable for cultivating the civil society under the current political system of Russia, causing great impact to the original power structure. After this movement, with the launch of Internet control measures, the state power enters into the Internet field and achieves the state presence in Internet public sphere, so that the Internet public sphere can become the space for the game between state power and social power, and between the regime party and opposition faction.

  1. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pensions Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    This year, two members and two alternates are to be elected. The candidates who obtain most votes will be elected members and the other candidates will be their alternates. New timetable (extract) : Monday 6 December 2004 Publication of the candidates' publicity and the statement from all the candidates in the Bulletin. Monday 3 January 2005 Distribution of the new ballot papers at CERN. Monday 10 January 2005 Second publication of the candidates' publicity and the statement from all the candidates in the Bulletin. Monday 31 January 2005 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 1st February 2005 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 7 February. Statement from the Candidates for Election to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund The composition of the Governing Board of the CERN Pension Fund is as follows. two members appointed by the CERN council and two alternates two members appointed by the DG of C...

  2. 5 CFR 919.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspending official. 919.1010 Section 919.1010 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.1010 Suspending...

  3. How Justice System Officials View Wrongful Convictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Brad; Zalman, Marvin; Kiger, Angie

    2011-01-01

    The wrongful conviction of factually innocent people is a growing concern within the United States. Reforms generated by this concern are predicated in part on the views of justice system participants. The authors surveyed judges, police officials, prosecutors, and defense lawyers in Michigan regarding their views of why wrongful convictions…

  4. 7 CFR 58.526 - Official identification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Shield. (b) Nonfat dry milk. Nonfat dry milk, when used in cottage cheese bearing official identification.... Low Heat Classification (not less than 6.0 mg. undenatured whey protein nitrogen per gram of nonfat dry milk). In addition, the nonfat dry milk shall have a direct microscopic count not exceeding...

  5. Savant officials in the Prussian mining administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Ursula

    2012-07-01

    In the second half of the eighteenth century, the Prussian State supported savants who combined learned inquiry into nature with technical work. Members of the physical and mathematical classes of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences were involved in State projects such as surveying for the construction of canals, chemical analysis of Silesian iron, production of porcelain and of beet sugar. Some of these men were truly 'hybrid' experts living both in the worlds of State-directed manufacture and academic natural inquiry. Among these savant experts there was a particular sub-group that is at the centre of this paper: mining officials who were also recognized as mineralogists, geologists and chemists. The paper describes and analyses the training and the varied technical and scientific activities of these 'savant officials'. At the centre of attention are the travels of inspection of the mineralogist and mining official Carl Abraham Gerhard (1738-1821) in the late 1760s. I argue that Gerhard's travels of inspection were at the same time geological travels and that savant officials like Gerhard made a significant contribution to the fledgling science of geology.

  6. CAS Announces Academicians Elected in 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Thirty five Chinese scientists and six of their colleagues from Canada,France and the United States were elected into CAS in 2009.The announcement was made by CAS President LU Yongxiang at a press conference held on December 4,2009,in Beijing.CAS Vice President LI Jinghai read the list of the new Members.

  7. What about the superfluous half? (Israeli elections)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reinhart, T.

    1999-01-01

    In the US, fifty percent of the citizens do not take part in the elections -an outcome of a long tradition of two candidates, identical in deeds though different in style. Both represent the same "market forces" but the Democrats have more respect to the liberal values of the west: the legal sy

  8. Presidential Elections in the Age of Television.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothwell, Jennifer Truran

    2000-01-01

    Explores the role of television in politics providing historical examples of the use of television and its possible effects on elections. Focuses on television as the dominant medium for politics, the connections among television, advertising, and political money, and ideas for reforming the electoral process. Includes a teaching activity on…

  9. The 2015 National Elections in Switzerland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bochsler, Daniel; Gerber, Marlène; Zumbach, David

    2016-01-01

    The 2015 election to the Swiss Parliament marks a return to an already observed trend that was only interrupted in 2011: a shift to the right and an increase in polarization. The vote share of the nationalist-conservative Swiss People's Party (SVP) has now reached a historical height of 29.4% (+2...

  10. Election 2000: Voting Issues and Recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davison, Donald L.

    2001-01-01

    Focuses on the many issues that the close 2000 presidential election brought to the forefront, such as: problems with the punch card systems, the need for convenient registration, the topic of provisional ballots, and the relevance of the Electoral College. (CMK)

  11. Campaign Finance in Presidential and Congressional Elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Candice J.

    1988-01-01

    Examines the changes occurring in the U.S. presidential and congressional finance system from the 1970s to the present and the problems and proposed reforms of the current system. Concludes that escalating costs and special interest influence in congressional elections must be controlled. Lists suggested paper topics and readings. (GEA)

  12. Election 2000: The Keys Point to Gore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lichtman, Allan J.

    2000-01-01

    Asserts that Vice President Al Gore will be elected in 2000 based on the performance of the Clinton administration. Utilizes the key to the White House, 13 true-or-false diagnostic questions stated as propositions. If five or less are false then the party in power wins. (CMK)

  13. The 2007 Parliamentary Election in Greece

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gemenis, Kostas

    2008-01-01

    After the defeat of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) in the 2004 election, the party of Nea Dimokratia (New Democracy, ND) begun its first term in government since 1993 on a platform promising to fight rising prices and corruption and ‘reconstruct’ the state. ND’s term begun with the reali

  14. Electoral Politics and Election Outcomes in Kenya

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sulaiman.adebowale

    2006-09-16

    Sep 16, 2006 ... 62–80. © Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2006 ... au niveau individuel, et dans certains cas, la religion. ... functions of elections and the factors that influence voter behaviour and turnout. ..... aggressive media campaigns that supported civic and voter education. The media ...

  15. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Members of the Pension Fund are hereby informed of the 2007 elections to the Governing Board, in accordance with the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund approved by the Finance Committee on 11 October 1989. One member and one alternate are to be elected. Nomination forms are provided in this Bulletin and must be deposited with the Administration of the Fund (office 33-S-022) by midday on Monday 2 October at the latest. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 2 October 2006 Closing date for the submission of candidatures to the Administration of the Fund (building 33-S-022), at 12 o'clock midday.Candidates must send their 'manifesto'in French and English in a WORD document to the Administrator of the Fund (e-mail: Christian.Cuenoud@cern.ch) as soon as possible after submitting their candidature, and at the latest by 9 October for publication in the Bulletin of 16 October. Monday 30 October 2006 Second publication of the candidates'ma...

  16. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Members of the Pension Fund are hereby informed of the 2007 elections to the Governing Board, in accordance with the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund approved by the Finance Committee on 11 October 1989. One member and one alternate are to be elected. Nomination forms are provided in this Bulletin and must be deposited with the Administration of the Fund (office 33-S-022) by midday on Monday 2 October at the latest. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 2 October 2006 Closing date for the submission of candidatures to the Administration of the Fund (building 33-S-022), at 12 o'clock midday. Candidates must send their 'manifesto'in French and English in a WORD document to the Administrator of the Fund (e-mail: Christian.Cuenoud@cern.ch) as soon as possible after submitting their candidature, and at the latest by 9 October for publication in the Bulletin of 16 October. Monday 30 October 2006 Second publication of the candidates'm...

  17. IMPORTANT COMMUNICATION: Pension Fund elections - Cancellation of the current voting procedure

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    As you are aware, voting is currently under way for the election of two members and two alternates to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. To this end, all members of the Pension Fund have recently received ballot papers. To ensure fair process, the Regulations for elections of the Pension Fund prescribe that all candidates standing for election must be given an equal amount of publicity space in the Weekly Bulletin to introduce themselves. Accordingly, as on previous occasions, each of the four candidates for this year's elections was granted a slot in the Weekly Bulletins of 11 October and 1 November 2004. While voting was already in process, a flash was published by the Staff Association, endorsing one of the four candidates and inviting members to vote for that particular person only. Thus, one candidate received substantial additional publicity compared to the other three candidates. The matter was raised at the meeting of the Governing Board of 2 November and the Board decided that the ...

  18. The Role of Volunteers and Political Participation in the 2012 Jakarta Gubernatorial Election

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Suaedy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The changes that occurred in the Jakarta 2012 election may be seen as a change in Indonesia’s social movements and election tradition. They marked a social movement with special characteristics; specifically, a ‘partisan’ movement, led by the successful Jokowi–Ahok ticket. The partisan social movement also changed the tradition of money politics, which has always coloured general and local elections in Indonesia. This paper found four main factors in Jokowi–Ahok’s victory. The first was their reputations and track records of leadership and consistency, which, secondly, encouraged unpaid volunteers to motivate the public to participate in the election and vote for the pair. Thirdly, in contrast to previous social movements in Indonesia, the volunteers did not just work to overthrow the current leadership and replace it, and then distance themselves, but instead continued to monitor the candidates; some managed government directly, while others took watch dog position. Fourthly, the relationship between volunteers and local government was not necessarily oppositional. As such, they were partisan not only in that they were supporters of a pair of candidates, but also in their promotion and support of openness, anti-corruption efforts and provision of maximum public services.

  19. The Myth of the Angry Voters: Parliamentary Election in Slovak Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žúborová Viera

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The recent parliamentary elections which took place in The Slovak Republic in March 2016 opened for many national and international commentators the bottled of demons from the past history of Slovakia. For the first time a Far right extremist political party entered into parliament and held seats there. They gained more than some standard political parties and also were not dubbed as the “black” horse of this election. As they were not measured by public opinion. The main purpose of this article is to analyze the fundamental purpose of voters that had elected this political party and on the other hand the main reason that has opened the parliamentary door to such a political entity that was not visible in the previous electoral periods or played any important role in the independence of Slovak republic. Our main assumption will be that which is taken from the media analysis before the parliamentary election and public opinion research. Our main variable from the external environment will be the migration refugee crisis and the rhetoric of political parties acting at national level. We can assume that this was one of the main reason for the entry of this political party within others which were “hidden” or covered by this crisis and were not mediatized in the media.

  20. Election cycles in natural resource rents : Empirical evidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, Jeroen; de Haan, Jakob

    2016-01-01

    We examine whether governments' natural resource rents are affected by upcoming elections and if so, whether the incumbent uses these additional rents for re-election purposes. Estimates of a dynamic panel model for about 60 countries for 1975-2011 suggest that elections increase natural resource re

  1. 26 CFR 1.472-5 - Revocation of election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Revocation of election. 1.472-5 Section 1.472-5 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Inventories § 1.472-5 Revocation of election. An election made to adopt and use the...

  2. Election cycles in natural resource rents: Empirical evidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, Jeroen; Haan, de Jakob

    2016-01-01

    We examine whether governments' natural resource rents are affected by upcoming elections and if so, whether the incumbent uses these additional rents for re-election purposes. Estimates of a dynamic panel model for about 60 countries for 1975-2011 suggest that elections increase natural resource

  3. 4 CFR 28.116 - Conduct of elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conduct of elections. 28.116 Section 28.116 Accounts... Special Procedures; Representation Proceedings § 28.116 Conduct of elections. (a) The Board shall... conduct the election: (1) Provide the opportunity for all qualified voters to indicate their choices in...

  4. Election systems and voter turnout: Experiments in the United States

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brockington, David; Bowler, Shaun; Donovan, Todd

    2001-01-01

    Theory suggests that majoritarian/plurality elections depress voter participation and that proportional election systems encourage greater voter mobilization and turnout. We examine the effect that cumulative voting (CV) has on turnout in local elections in the U.S. Variation in social/cultural

  5. Election systems and voter turnout: Experiments in the United States

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bowler, Shaun; Brockington, David; Donovan, Todd

    2001-01-01

    Theory suggests that majoritarian/plurality elections depress voter participation and that proportional election systems encourage greater voter mobilization and turnout. We examine the effect that cumulative voting (CV) has on turnout in local elections in the U.S. Variation in social/cultural cont

  6. Development of Geospatial Map Based Election Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, A. Kumar Chandra; Kumar, P.; Vasanth Kumar, N.

    2014-11-01

    The Geospatial Delhi Limited (GSDL), a Govt. of NCT of Delhi Company formed in order to provide the geospatial information of National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCTD) to the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) and its organs such as DDA, MCD, DJB, State Election Department, DMRC etc., for the benefit of all citizens of Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD). This paper describes the development of Geospatial Map based Election portal (GMEP) of NCT of Delhi. The portal has been developed as a map based spatial decision support system (SDSS) for pertain to planning and management of Department of Chief Electoral Officer, and as an election related information searching tools (Polling Station, Assembly and parliamentary constituency etc.,) for the citizens of NCTD. The GMEP is based on Client-Server architecture model. It has been developed using ArcGIS Server 10.0 with J2EE front-end on Microsoft Windows environment. The GMEP is scalable to enterprise SDSS with enterprise Geo Database & Virtual Private Network (VPN) connectivity. Spatial data to GMEP includes delimited precinct area boundaries of Voters Area of Polling stations, Assembly Constituency, Parliamentary Constituency, Election District, Landmark locations of Polling Stations & basic amenities (Police Stations, Hospitals, Schools and Fire Stations etc.). GMEP could help achieve not only the desired transparency and easiness in planning process but also facilitates through efficient & effective tools for management of elections. It enables a faster response to the changing ground realities in the development planning, owing to its in-built scientific approach and open-ended design.

  7. Bottoms up: How subnational elections predict parties’ decisions to run in presidential elections in Europe and Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jae-Jae Spoon

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Do parties’ experiences in subnational elections predict when parties enter national competition and compete for the presidency? Building upon the party nationalization literature, we argue that a party’s presence in elections across subnational units and its subsequent performance in these elections are determining factors for whether it enters the presidential race. To conduct our analysis, we have assembled an original dataset on parties’ presence and performance in subnational elections and presidential entry in 17 countries in Europe and Latin America from 1990 to 2013. We find that a party’s presence and performance in subnational elections are significant predictors of its decision to run for president, even when the party ran in the previous election and when the elections are concurrent. These findings have important implications for understanding how subnational elections relate to national party systems and democratic representation, more generally.

  8. The View of Religious Officials on Organ Donation and Transplantation in the Zeytinburnu District of Istanbul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarhan, Merve; Dalar, Levent; Yildirimoglu, Huseyin; Sayar, Adnan; Altin, Sedat

    2015-12-01

    One of the obstacles to organ donation and transplantation in Turkey is that of religious beliefs and, at this point, religious officials constitute a key aspect of this problem. Positive or negative viewpoints held by religious officials regarding organ donation and transplantation are influential in guiding the public. This descriptive study was conducted for the purpose of describing religious officials' viewpoints on this subject. To determine the opinions of 40 religious officials from among the imams and muezzins working in Zeytinburnu District Mufti (Religious Officials Superior) Station who participated in a normal meeting in April and who fully completed the survey. A 27-question survey form was used that consisted of open-ended and closed questions, 5 of which were on socio-demographic characteristics, 13 on viewpoints on organ donation and transplantation, and 9 on the Islamic viewpoint regarding organ donation and transplantation. For the analysis of the results, Student's t test and one-way ANOVA tests were used. It was found that all of the religious officials believed in the importance of organ donation, 80 % considered donating their organs, and 5 % had made an organ donation. Of the religious officials who had not donated organs, 35 % gave an answer that there was no specific reason and 27.5 % stated that they had never considered the subject. While the number of those stating that they would donate the organs of a close associate who had died, 77.5 % of them who did not want to donate gave as their reason the idea that if it were him, he would perhaps not want to give his organs after death. Of the religious officials questioned, 92.5 % asserted that the religion of Islam looked positively on organ donation and transplantation, 55 % stated that the knowledge of religious officials in the country was inadequate regarding this subject, and 65 % said that for interest in organ donation to increase, religious officials should make speeches and raise

  9. Bosnia and Herzegovina General Elections, 2010: Analysis of Pre-Election Rhetoric

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adis Arapovic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a postconflict and transitional country with sui generis political system of low efficiency, creates and conducts its politics in a specific ambient of reduced sovereignty and responsibility of domestic institutions and other political subjects. Such political ambient is suitable to proliferation of nationalistic, confrontational and anti-constitutional rhetoric and practices, which reach its peak during period of pre-election campaigns.Unfinished legislative election framework, purposeful obstruction of international election standards and domestic legislative on behalf of most of political subjects, deficiency of professional and independent media, undeveloped civic society, and politicized and undercapacitated institutions which are involved with subject of regularity of the election process, are the reason for lack of candidate's will for constitutional, legislative and ethical behavious during pre-election campaign.Due to this, pre-election campaign of most of political subjects is mainly negative, and not focused on elementary questions of standard of living and priority challenges of state and society (necessary constitutional reforms, Euro-Atlantic integrations, structural economic reforms, unemployment etc., but on mutual confrontations, stress on big political questions of the status of entities and constituent nations, then on nationalistic rhetorics of negating consitutional and historical facts, and on mutual ungrounded discreditation, which generates atmosphere of fear, national homogenization and searching of the culprit for bad situation in society, inside of other national corpus, and not among own political representtatives.

  10. 78 FR 20563 - Use of Meeting Rooms and Public Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-05

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION 36 CFR Part 1280 RIN 3095-AB77 Use of Meeting Rooms and Public Spaces AGENCY... institutions using public space for official government functions pay fees to the National Archives Trust Fund... agencies, State, local, and tribal governmental institutions using public space for official...

  11. [Admission to private psychiatric institutions: reliability of official data for epidemiological purposes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morlino, M; Amendola, D; Cucciniello, A; Rosato, R; Muscettola, G

    1991-03-01

    The authors have collected clinical data regarding patients admitted to a private psychiatric institutions in the Naples hinterland. The aim was that of determining the reliability of official data collected from the central regional statistical office of patients admitted in 1988. The duration of stay and the "revolving door" phenomenon of the cases as well as the nosographic classification at dismissal of the patients is influenced by variables not strictly of clinical nature. The information that becomes official and public for administration purposes is not reliable from the point of view of epidemiological studies.

  12. Official crime data versus collaborative crime mapping at a Brazilian city

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito, P. L.; Jesus, E. G. V.; Sant'Ana, R. M. S.; Martins, C.; Delgado, J. P. M.; Fernandes, V. O.

    2014-11-01

    In July of 2013 a group of undergraduate students from the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil, published a collaborative web map called "Where I Was Robbed". Their initial efforts in publicizing their web map were restricted to announce it at a local radio as a tool of social interest. In two months the map had almost 10.000 reports, 155 reports per day and people from more the 350 cities had already reported a crime. The present study consists in an investigation about this collaborative web map spatial correlation to official robbery data registered at the Secretary of Public Safety database, for the city of Salvador, Bahia. Kernel density estimator combined with map algebra was used to the investigation. Spatial correlations with official robbery data for the city of Salvador were not found initially, but after standardizing collaborative data and mining official registers, both data pointed at very similar areas as the main hot spots for pedestrian robbery. Both areas are located at two of the most economical active areas of the city, although web map crimes reports were more concentrated in an area with higher income population. This results and discussions indicates that this collaborative application is been used mainly by mid class and upper class parcel of the city population, but can still provide significant information on public safety priority areas. Therefore, extended divulgation, on local papers, radio and TV, of the collaborative crime map application and partnership with official agencies are strongly recommended.

  13. 43 CFR 11.35 - How does the authorized official decide whether to use type A or type B procedures?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How does the authorized official decide whether to use type A or type B procedures? 11.35 Section 11.35 Public Lands: Interior Office of the... weighing the difficulty of collecting site-specific data against the suitability of the averaged data...

  14. Porto Alegre (Brazil in the 1970s: Authoritarian State and Abstraction in Public Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Alves

    2009-07-01

    Only in 1985, with the election by the Congress of the civilian opposition leader Tancredo Neves for the presidency the country would officially leave dictatorship behind. Unfortunately, Tancredo Neves would die before taking the presidency and his vice-president, a representative of the old and most backwards oligarchies of the country politically tied to the supporters of Military Dictatorship. Only in November of 1989, the country would have its first presidential elections after 29 years of dictatorship.

  15. White list management system was officially launched

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    March 28,in China International Exhibition Center the China National Textile and Apparel Council,held a seminar on the Japanese textile industry standards & white list management system,marking the two sides to build a white list management system was officially launched. It is understood that the white list management system developed self-regulatory standards for the Japanese textile industry,that textiles do

  16. Human Rights Training for Central Government Officials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OUR STAFF REPORTER

    2007-01-01

    @@ More than 50 officials from central government departments attended a human rights training class held in Nanchang,Jiangxi Province, on May 29-June 2. The class was sponsored by the State Council Information Office, during which the trainees attended lectures given on China's human rights concepts and the current human rights conditions in the country,human rights theories and international human rights instruments and protection of human rights under the rule of law.

  17. Official Naming in Hå, Klepp and Time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inge Særheim

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Toponyms localize, reflect and give information about historical traditions and various phenomena in an area. They form part of the local heritage and culture. The relationship between place names, heritage and identity is often underlined in guidelines regarding official naming of streets and roads. In what way is heritage and local identity reflected in the road names of the three municipalities Hå, Klepp and Time (Southwest-Norway, and how is the special character of this area expressed in the names? More than half of the official road names in the three municipalities are either identical with a local toponym, or they consist of a word for ‘road’ and a local toponym (or an appellative describing the location. This shows that there is a strong commitment to base the official naming on local tradition and thus contribute to identity. Quite a few elements from the dialect, e.g. special pronunciation, grammatical forms or local words, appear in the names, especially in the road names from Hå, reflecting that the names are part of the local culture, and due to the fact that the dialect is unique. Consistency is a challenge, however; the same word is sometimes spelled in different ways in different names. It appears that, with some exceptions, cultural heritage and local tradition have been preferred principles and guidelines with regard to naming of roads in the three municipalities, due to a consciousness that heritage and tradition create identity.

  18. PRIMING AND FRAMING EFFECTS IN THE MEDIA COVERAGE OF THE 2009 ROMANIAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NICOLETA CORBU

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Romanian democracy, newly born after the 1989 events, has a rather short electoral confrontation tradition. In this context, the media coverage of the 2009 presidential election has a conflict specificity never expressed to this extent. One of the main actors of the public sphere, the media, seems to have changed election patterns, in terms of emotionality and partisanship. This paper presents a content analysis of the main newscasts of five Romanian TV channels: the public television, TVR1, and the most viewed private channels, ProTV and Antena 1, plus the two most viewed private channels specialized in news broadcasting, Realitatea TV and Antena 3, throughout the entire election campaign in October−December 2009. The theoretical background of the research is the agenda setting function of the media, with a focus on the framing and priming effects. Even though these effects have been long studied before, little is known about them in election campaigns in emergent European democracies. We analyze three types of frames, conflict, economic consequences and morality in political news, and we argue for a priming effect related to the character of each of the three main candidates, from two distinct perspectives: competence and integrity. We show a prominence of the conflict frame, even though the economic global context would argue for a dominant economic frame. The construction of priming effect premises is investigated by presenting the visibility of the attributes of the three main candidates in what concerns their competence and integrity. Research has showed that such attributes are under-represented in political news, in the general context of an emotional, irrational election campaign

  19. Brazilian Congress, 2014 elections and governability challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano Santos

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This research note examines the results of the 2014 elections focusing on the National Congress. Its main objective is to ponder over common claims and predictions regarding the future of Brazilian politics. Beyond agreements and alliances involved in the electoral dispute, President Dilma Rousseff once again shall face the political challenges and dilemmas of Brazilian presidentialism, namely, how to create and manage government coalitions capable of implementing a coherent political program with a fragmented and heterogeneous Congress. The critical examination of the current hypotheses on the latest elections, especially concerning parliamentary fragmentation and a shift towards the right-wing, will serve as a compass attempting to formulate possible answers to such a fundamental problem in Brazilian politics.

  20. Renal function after elective total hip replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perregaard, Helene; Damholt, Mette B; Solgaard, Søren

    2016-01-01

    and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in an elective population of orthopedic patients undergoing primary total hip replacement, hypothesizing that chronic kidney disease predisposes to AKI. Patients and methods - This was a single-center, population-based, retrospective, registry-based cohort study...... involving all primary elective total hip replacements performed from January 2003 through December 2012. Patient demographics and creatinine values were registered. We evaluated the presence of CKD and AKI according to the international guidelines for kidney disease (KDIGO Acute Kidney Injury Workgroup 2013...... ). Results - 3,416 patients were included (2,064 females (60%)). AKI (according to KDIGO criteria) was seen in 75 patients (2.2%, 95% CI: 1.7-2.7) in the course of primary total hip replacement. Of these, 26 had pre-existing CKD of class 3-5. Pre-existing CKD of class 3-5, indicating moderately to severely...