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Sample records for psychology sociology sports

  1. Assessing the sociology of sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pfister, Gertrud Ursula

    2015-01-01

    On the 50th anniversary of the ISSA and IRSS, a leading figure in the sociology of sport in Denmark, Gertrud Pfister, considers an important line of research on women and football (soccer). The analysis uses a diverse set of theoretical lenses to examine women’s participation and reception...... for the sociology of sport will be in stimulating understandings of women and football that can lead to policy change and more equitable allocation of resources to support and encourage participation....

  2. Assessing the sociology of sport : On critical sport sociology and sport management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knoppers, Annelies

    2015-01-01

    On the 50th anniversary of the ISSA and IRSS, Annelies Knoppers, one of the leading scholars in understanding the culture of sport in organizational settings, considers how the critical lens of sociology can enhance and mesh with research on sport management. Knoppers argues that there have been los

  3. Assessing the sociology of sport : On critical sport sociology and sport management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knoppers, Annelies

    2015-01-01

    On the 50th anniversary of the ISSA and IRSS, Annelies Knoppers, one of the leading scholars in understanding the culture of sport in organizational settings, considers how the critical lens of sociology can enhance and mesh with research on sport management. Knoppers argues that there have been

  4. Assessing the sociology of sport : On critical sport sociology and sport management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knoppers, Annelies

    2015-01-01

    On the 50th anniversary of the ISSA and IRSS, Annelies Knoppers, one of the leading scholars in understanding the culture of sport in organizational settings, considers how the critical lens of sociology can enhance and mesh with research on sport management. Knoppers argues that there have been los

  5. Sociological theory and Jungian psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Gavin

    2012-01-01

    [[disenchantmentCarl JungpsychoanalysissociologyMax Weber ] In this article I seek to relate the psychology of Carl Jung to sociological theory, specifically Weber. I first present an outline of Jungian psychology. I then seek to relate this as psychology to Weber’s interpretivism. I point to basic methodological compatibilities within a Kantian frame, from which emerge central concerns with the factors limiting rationality. These generate the conceptual frameworks for parallel enquiries into the development and fate of rationality in cultural history. Religion is a major theme here: contrasts of eastern and western religion; the rise of prophetic religion and the disenchantment of modernity. Weber’s categories ‘ascetic’ and ‘mystic’ seem applicable to his own and Jung’s approaches and indeed temperaments, while a shared ironic view of rationality leads to similar visions of the disenchanted modern world. I conclude that Jung is sociologically coherent, but in an entirely different sense from Freud: rather than a constellation of family, socialization, ideology, social continuity, there is an analysis of cultural history against a background of adult normal psychology. I conclude that sociology should acknowledge Jung, but not in terms of over-arching theory. Rather Jungian insights might be used to orient new enquiries, and for reflexive analysis of sociology’s methodological debates.

  6. Sociology: a lost connection in social psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oishi, Shigehiro; Kesebir, Selin; Snyder, Benjamin H

    2009-11-01

    For the first half of the 20th century, sociology was one of the closest allies of social psychology. Over the past four decades, however, the connection with sociology has weakened, whereas new connections with neighboring disciplines (e.g., biology, economics, political science) have formed. Along the way, the sociological perspective has been largely lost in mainstream social psychology in the United States. Most social psychologists today are not concerned with collective phenomena and do not investigate social structural factors (e.g., residential mobility, socioeconomic status, dominant religion, political systems). Even when the social structural factors are included in the analysis, psychologists typically treat them as individual difference variables. Sociologist C. Wright Mills famously promoted sociological imagination, or the ability to see distal yet important social forces operating in a larger societal context. By comparing sociological perspectives to psychological perspectives, this article highlights the insights that the sociological perspective and sociological imagination can bring to social psychology.

  7. SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andy Lane

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available DESCRIPTION The book introduces the undergraduate psychology student to both academic and professional aspects of Sport and Exercise Psychology. It uses up to date research evidence, established theory and a variety of activities that help the student consider and understand academic and professional aspects of this particular academic discipline. PURPOSE The book aims to provide the undergraduate psychology student with a structured introduction to the subject area and an insight into the theoretical evidence and practical suggestions that underpin what a Sport and Exercise psychologist does. The book also aims to support one term or one semester courses in Sport and Exercise Psychology. It is also appropriate for Masters level courses. FEATURES The book begins with a chapter on applied sports psychology to give the reader an insight into the domain of sport psychology, providing an overview of the techniques that could be used. The next three chapters focus on mood, anxiety and self confidence, which influence performance. This leads on to four chapters that focus on managing psychological states. There is also a chapter on leadership which interestingly includes leadership development in coaches and in athletes. Two chapters focus on the effects of exercise on psychological states, providing a balance between the benefits and potential drawbacks. The final chapter examines the issue of placebo effects. Throughout each chapter there are useful activities than can help the reader's understanding of practical and theoretical issues. These also have practical implications for the work of a Sport and Exercise Psychologist. Key ethical issues are raised on a regular basis throughout the text. The book offers an excellent blend of theory and practical suggestions which are critically discussed thus giving valuable insights regarding the research process and applied practice which is often lacking in the more well known standard textbooks for Sport

  8. Problems in Sociology of Sports

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    El presente artículo es una apuesta por reconstruir, articular y problematizar los aportes y los avances de investigación en torno a los estudios sociales del deporte y el tiempo libre, puestos en discusiones en el marco de la mesa de trabajo sobre problemáticas de la sociología del deporte, llevada a cabo durante el 9º Congreso Argentino y 4º Latinoamericano de Educación Física y Ciencias. La lectura holística e integral de las diferentes producciones académicas, y los diálogos que de ellas ...

  9. The importance of sport psychology in school sport | le Roux ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The importance of sport psychology in school sport. ... of values associated with sport, the prevention of burnout in a young athlete, how to ... These findings can mainly be attributed to a lack of knowledge regarding the psychology of the child.

  10. Psychological preparation in sport shooting

    OpenAIRE

    Ledecká, Kateřina

    2013-01-01

    Title: Psychological preparation in sport shooting Objectives: The objective of this thesis is usage of psychological preparation by sport shooting representation team in Czech Republic. How they are informed about psychological preparation. What it means to them. Which types of regulation they use and how they behave before and after a competition. Methods: A Questionnaire was used as a method for data obtaining. The questionnaire was compiled for the purposes of this Thesis. The researched ...

  11. Sports Tribes and Academic Identity: Teaching the Sociology of Sport in a Changing Disciplinary Landscape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dart, Jon

    2017-01-01

    Using data from 15 semi-structured interviews with UK-based early/mid-career academics, this paper offers an empirically informed assessment of how lecturers teaching/researching the sociology of sport are managing their careers in a changing higher education landscape. Those interviewed were involved in the delivery of sociological content to a…

  12. Developing Sport Psychology in a Girls' Sport Academy Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the initial steps in developing and presenting Sport Psychology in a leadership and sport curriculum at Stellenbosch University's (SU) Centre for Human Performance Sciences' (CHPS) Academy for Girls' Leadership and Sport Development. Sport Psychology does not feature within the South African school curriculum specifically,…

  13. Ethical issues in sport psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Jack C; Way, William C; Hilliard, Robert C

    2017-08-01

    The field of sport psychology is dynamic and growing. To continue building credibility with the public and allied professionals, effective and ethical practice is crucial. Advances in technology have allowed sport psychology professionals to consult with athletes from a distance, but practitioners must be mindful of their competency to use technology, confidentiality concerns, and the suitability of technology for their clients. Movement toward defining competency and clarifying issues of title usage are additional areas in which the field is gaining momentum. Recent attention has also been drawn to the topics of professional development and cultural competency. With the unique settings in which applied sport psychology practice takes place, attention to multiple relationships is another key ethical issue. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Comparative Sports Psychology: British and American Developments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, Benjamin; Walsh, Joseph

    By the turn of the 20th century, research had begun dealing with the subject of sport psychology in America. In the early 1900's, Coleman Griffin, the father of sport psychology, led the way in researching sport psychology. It was not until the 1960's that research in this field became popular in Great Britain. In 1967, in both America and Great…

  15. Sport Psychology: An Emerging Domain in the Counseling Psychology Profession?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrie, Trent A.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Surveyed counseling psychologists on their involvement in sport psychology research, training, and practice; their affiliation with sport psychology professional organizations; and their attitudes toward current professional sport psychology issues. Found that counseling psychologists were minimally involved, and had received little formal…

  16. New approaches to sport and exercise psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book contains articles based on selected presentations at the 11th European Congress of Sport Psychology, a congress arranged by the Danish Forum of Sport Psychology and the Institute of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, between 22 and 27 July 2003 in Copenhagen, Denmark.1......) The intention of this publication is to introduce the reader to a selection of articles which the editors would like to summarize under the title New Approaches to Sport and Exercise Psychology. Despite the diversity in content and form, all the articles have been selected on the basis of one common orientation......: they contribute something new or different to the field of sport and exercise psychology, for example, a new epistemological understanding, a new theoretical approach, a new research method or a new perspective on the applicability of sport psychology to different settings in the domain of sport, games...

  17. Sport Psychology: Myths in Sport Education and Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Joy

    2008-01-01

    From a sport and exercise psychology viewpoint, this article describes the increasing professionalization of youth sport and how many well-intentioned people are using misconceptions or myths to organize and administer youth sport programs. For example, professionalization has led to specialization and year-round training, while playing multiple…

  18. Sport Psychology: Myths in Sport Education and Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Joy

    2008-01-01

    From a sport and exercise psychology viewpoint, this article describes the increasing professionalization of youth sport and how many well-intentioned people are using misconceptions or myths to organize and administer youth sport programs. For example, professionalization has led to specialization and year-round training, while playing multiple…

  19. Documents and detachment in the figurational sociology of sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paddy Dolan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the methodological implications of using a figurational approach to the study of Gaelic games (the Irish sports of hurling and Gaelic football and their organisation and governance from the late nineteenth century onwards. Following Norbert Elias, we argue that data generation guided by theories, and potentially modifying such theories, are essential components of research endeavours. The problem of generalisation or representativeness of historical documents can be addressed by treating documents as part of a fi guration of evidence, thereby constituting a mutually supporting network of data that serves as a scaffold or structure for theoretical and empirical findings. Based on the experience of using documents such as newspaper and referee reports of matches, and also organisational documents such as the minutes of meetings at various levels of governance, we contribute to the discussion concerning borders and boundary maintenance between history, sociology and historical sociology. While we elaborate on the Eliasian perspective on emotional detachment, and secondary involvement, when conducting research, we also note the dificulties in avoiding ‘preferred’ readings of national history given that Gaelic games have been intertwined with the narrative and project of national self-determination in Ireland. Researchers are compelled to recognise the theoretical significance of sports as a motor and symbol of emotional identifications, but must also create distance from their own national habitus in order to prioritise participation in intergenerational knowledge generation over further national myth-making.

  20. Sport Psychology Foundations, Organizations, and Related Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaichkowsky, Leonard; Naylor, Adam

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to introduce psychologists and counselors who work in schools to the field of applied sport psychology. We begin with a brief history of how applied sport psychology developed in North America and other parts of the world. Landmark events such as the development of conferences, professional organizations and…

  1. Selected Periodicals in Sport and Physical Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crase, Darrell

    1979-01-01

    Thirty-one journals pertinent to the physical educator and to the professional in the areas of motor learning, sport philosophy, sport sociology, sport psychology, and sport medicine are listed with a general note on the scope of each. (JMF)

  2. Motor cognition and neuroscience in sport psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Paul S; Wright, David J

    2017-08-01

    Advances in technology have allowed research in cognitive neuroscience to contribute significantly to the discipline of sport psychology. In most cases, the research has become more rigorous and has directed current thinking on the mechanisms subserving a number of psychological theories and models of practice. Currently, the three most common neuroscience techniques informing sport and exercise research are electroencephalography, transcranial magnetic stimulation and functional magnetic resonance imaging. In this review, we highlight and discuss the contributions to sport psychology that have been made in recent years by applying these techniques, with a focus on the development of expertise, motor cognition, motor imagery and action observation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Essential competencies in contemporary applied sport psychology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences ... keeping the training, education and regulation standards of applied sport psychology (ASP) ... An interdisciplinary training model in ASP with acquired competency in both kinesiology ...

  4. ACCOUNTING AND CREATIVITY: A SOCIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balaciu Diana Elisabeta

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents aspects related to creativity in accounting. In our approach we started from theoretical aspects regarding the position of accounting in the field of scientific knowledge. The paper aims to justify these positions (as a language of communication, communication tool, social game, and from there to mirror the way of expressing creativity in accounting. In terms of research methodology, we have appealed to a qualitative research inspired by sociology and psychology. The sociological survey shows the vision of society related to creators, the way in which it admits or rejects them. The sociological approach allows us to understand the importance of collective consciousness in assessing and maintaining the creation. The psychological study regarding the creator describes a creature endowed with an excessive sensitivity, accompanied by a worker with permanent activity, but who is constantly gripped by an existential doubt. In conclusion, the consultant or the researcher will have to recognise the creator's right to be wrong and surround him with a climate of confidence. This paper shows that there is a path where the one who talks to numbers (and does not have the skill of words and those who possess the mastery of words actually meet. This paper is part of the PhD research entitled: Identifying and motivation of creative accounting practices the case of Romanian listed companies, carried out under the guidance of PhD Prof. Feleaga Liliana, research carried out within the framework of the Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies.

  5. Sillitoe, Storey, Hines: their contribution to the sociology of sport and physical education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, S A

    1979-06-01

    The place of sporting activity in literature is reviewed and attention is drawn to the outstanding depth and quality of much of the American writing in this genre. The focus of attention, however, in this paper, is the contribution of contemporary English literature. In recent years a number of novels, short stories and plays have translated sport into dramatic terms as well as placing such action within a recognisable and definable sociological framework. Selected writings by English authors Sillitoe, Storey and Hines are studied and examined to illustrate the many sources available to identify, describe, analyse and complement academic and empirical researches in the sociology of sport and physical education. There is unlimited scope for sports literature (especially in the North American situation) to provide a viable tool for sociological investigation.

  6. Sport Psychology: some new proposals being developed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco J. Ortin-Montero

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This introduction should serve as a framework for the following monograph. While it is true that other authors have examined the discipline of sport psychology, the majority of them have done so from a very generalist perspective. For possibly the first time, there has been an attempt to rely on specialists who, from a very precise proposal, have offered us unique approaches with a wide scientific foundation applied to this area of study. A theoretical framework that adequately delimits the structure of this proposal regarding sport psychology is presented.

  7. Sport Psychology Training in Counseling Psychology Programs: Is There Room at the Inn?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrie, Trent A.; Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

    1994-01-01

    Surveyed 53 counseling psychology programs about sport psychology training. Found that most respondents had students who were interested in sport psychology; counseling faculty were perceived to be receptive to their colleagues and graduate students having interests and pursuing research in sport psychology; and most program directors thought best…

  8. Measure of Psychological Variables in Dancers Sport

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to identify and assess key psychological variables are intervening at different levels of performance in sport dance practice. For this reason, among others, was used the “Cuestionario de Características Psicológicas aplicadas al Rendimiento Deportivo” (Gimeno, Buceta & Pérez-Llantada, 2001). Carrying out an analysis of variance, although not reaching statistically significant differences in the factors Stress Management and Influence of Performance Measurement, if we...

  9. How should we measure psychological resilience in sport performers?

    OpenAIRE

    Sarkar, M.; Fletcher, D.

    2013-01-01

    Psychological resilience is important in sport because athletes must constantly withstand a wide range of pressures to attain and sustain high performance. To advance psychologists’ understanding of this area, there exists an urgent need to develop a sport-specific measure of resilience. The purpose of this paper is to review psychometric issues in resilience research and to discuss the implications for sport psychology. Drawing on the wider general psychology literature to inform the discu...

  10. Psychological Preparation for Peak Performance in Sports Competition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohuruogu, Ben; Jonathan, Ugwuanyi I.; Ikechukwu, Ugwu Jude

    2016-01-01

    This paper attempts to make an overview of various techniques, sport psychologist adopt in psychological preparation of athletes for peak performance. To attain peak performance in sports competitions, coaches and athletes should not base their prospect on physical training on sport skills alone rather should integrate both the mental and physical…

  11. The Status of Sport Psychology: A National Survey of Coaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, John M., III

    1984-01-01

    Sport psychology has made significant advances in organization and research technology while creating an instrumental and influential subdiscipline of physical education. A survey of high school and college coaches was performed to discover specific areas of sport psychology found to be important and how coaches would like to integrate sport…

  12. A School Psychologist's Self-Study Guide to Sport Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesyk, Jack J.

    2005-01-01

    School psychologists may find the field of sport psychology beneficial to them in extending their skills and effectiveness. As trained psychologists, they are likely to already have some of the knowledge and skills necessary for working in the area of sport psychology. However, without additional training, this may not be sufficient for ethical…

  13. Applying sport psychology to improve clinical performance().

    Science.gov (United States)

    Church, Helen R; Rumbold, James L; Sandars, John

    2017-08-08

    Preparedness for practice has become an international theme within Medical Education: for healthcare systems to maintain their highest clinical standards, junior doctors must "hit the ground running" on beginning work. Despite demonstrating logical, structured assessment and management plans during their undergraduate examinations, many newly qualified doctors report difficulty in translating this theoretical knowledge into the real clinical environment. "Preparedness" must constitute more than the knowledge and skills acquired during medical school. Complexities of the clinical environment overwhelm some junior doctors, who acknowledge that they lack strategies to manage their anxieties, under-confidence and low self-efficacy. If uncontrolled, such negative emotions and behaviors may impede the delivery of time-critical treatment for acutely unwell patients and compound junior doctors' self-doubt, thus impacting future patient encounters. Medical Education often seeks inspiration from other industries for potential solutions to challenges. To address "preparedness for practice," this AMEE Guide highlights sport psychology: elite sportspeople train both physically and psychologically for their discipline. The latter promotes management of negative emotions, distractions and under-confidence, thus optimizing performance despite immense pressures of career-defining moments. Similar techniques might allow junior doctors to optimize patient care, especially within stressful situations. This AMEE Guide introduces the novel conceptual model, PERFORM, which targets the challenges faced by junior doctors on graduation. The model applies pre-performance routines from sport psychology with the self-regulatory processes of metacognition to the clinical context. This model could potentially equip junior doctors, and other healthcare professionals facing similar challenges, with strategies to optimize clinical care under the most difficult circumstances.

  14. Cultural sport psychology: a critical review of empirical advances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryba, Tatiana V

    2017-08-01

    Despite a long standing assertion that sociocultural domain is one of the factors constituting human psychological phenomena, sport psychological science has only recently begun to examine culture as the principal basis of physical activity and sport participants' behaviour, wellbeing, engagement, and performance outcomes. Emphasizing the centrality of culture in bringing meaning to athlete careers and life projects, I summarise empirical literature explicitly positioned within cultural sport psychology (CSP). Specifically, I focus on two areas of psychological inquiry - acculturation and athletic career - in which the CSP theoretical tenets and agenda stimulated emergence of novel research trajectories. I conclude by suggesting directions for future work in CSP. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Sport psychology education for sport injury rehabilitation professionals: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heaney, Caroline A; Walker, Natalie C; Green, Alison J K; Rostron, Claire L

    2015-02-01

    Sport psychology education has been shown to have a positive impact on the practice of sport injury rehabilitation professionals (SIRPs). The purpose of this paper is to review recommendations relating to such education. The paper presents a review of existing literature relating to the content and mode of delivery for a sport psychology education programme for SIRPs. The review seeks to address four questions: (1) What topic areas do researchers suggest should be integrated into the sport psychology education of SIRPs? (2) What topic areas are currently being recommended by professional bodies? (3) What are the findings of research examining the impact of sport psychology education on SIRPs? and (4) What do researchers recommend to be the most appropriate mode of delivery for sport psychology education for SIRPs? The findings of the review suggest that in order to maximise adherence amongst already qualified SIRPs sport psychology education should be delivered in a flexible short duration package. Additionally three broad areas that sport psychology education should cover emerged: (1) understanding of the psychological impact of injury, (2) interventions and psychological skills/techniques, and (3) referral and professional boundaries. This has important implications for the future training of SIRPs.

  16. Using sport psychology in simulator testing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Primeau, T. [Bruce Power, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Chandler, K. [Sport and Exercise Psychology Consulting, Windsor, Ontario (Canada)

    2007-07-01

    The paper will cover the methods of simulator testing at Bruce Power and the recent trial of using a sport psychology consultant to help candidates deal with the mental, physiological and emotional responses to simulator examinations. Previous research has shown that mental skills training can enhance the performance of both cognitive and physical skills. As such, it was hypothesized that a structured mental skills program would assist candidates in achieving optimal performance during simulator testing. The paper will be written as a descriptive piece. The paper will offer insight into the benefits of using mental skills training in preparation for simulator testing and the drawbacks as experienced by the Authorized Nuclear Operator (ANO). (author)

  17. Professional development for sport psychology practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tod, David; Hutter, R I Vana; Eubank, Martin

    2017-08-01

    Applied sport psychology practice and research date back to the late 19th century. During this period investigators have largely examined the interventions practitioners employ to help athletes. More recently, researchers have begun addressing the person employing those interventions, including identifying their attributes and how they develop expertise, in recognition that practitioners are central to effective practice. Research focused on practitioners can inform educational and registration pathways, helping trainees to develop the knowledge, skills, and characteristics needed to meet their clients' needs. In this article major lines of inquiry in this area are reviewed. It is suggested that examining practitioner identity represents novel research that has educational and applied value. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Testing applied in Brazilian studies in sport psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andressa Melina Becker da Silva

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Sport Psychology is one of the areas of the expertise of psychologists that makes use assessment tools. Therefore depends on the construction and validation of instruments for this population. Examine the instruments cited in this literature can help in this process. This study examined the instruments validated for the Brazilian population, cited in national articles on Sport Psychology, from 2002 to 2012. The descriptors "validation", "test", "sport", and "Psychophysiology", were crossed with descriptors "anxiety", "stress", "depression", "motivation", "leadership", "aggression," "imagination," "humor," "self-esteem", and "self-efficacy" - on the electronic bases Periódicos/CAPES, SciELO-Brazil and PubMed, in January 2013. For 38 sports and other non-competitive, six instruments translated and validated in Brazil were found, but not yet assessed / approved by the Federal Council of Psychology. The inclusion of the psychophysiological measures in the evaluation process and the validation of the instruments applied to Sport Psychology are discusses.

  19. Use of eye-tracking technology in sport psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.E. Gorovaya

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available We analyze the possibilities of application of eye movements tracking technology in sports psychology. Eye tracking enables highly accurate measurement and analysis of eye movements to determine the direction of the gaze of a man. The relevance of this kind of methods to sports psychology is the high degree of ecological validity, relevance of psychological research methods to content and forms of the real sports activities. We describe types and features of the technology, provide examples of practical use of eye tracking to improve performance of athletes in various sports. It is shown that eye tracking technology makes possible studies not only of complex patterns of eye movements, but also of the psychological mechanisms of concentration behind them, as well as the formation and improvement of athletes motor skills. The authors emphasize the importance of using such innovative technologies in sports.

  20. [The influence of psychological variables on sports performance: assessment with the Questionnaire of Sports Performance-related Psychological Characteristics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimeno, Fernando; Buceta, José Maria; Pérez-Llantada, María Carmen

    2007-11-01

    The purpose of this research was to observe the relationship among psychological variables and three important issues in sports competition: achieving success, long-term continuance and sustaining injuries. Three studies were carried out with three groups of athletes from the areas of judo, football and swimming, using the Questionnaire of Sports Performance-related Psychological Characteristics as the measuring instrument. The analyses carried out revealed significantly statistical associations between the perception of stress control and of self-confidence, and between achieving success, long-term continuance in competition sports and sustaining injuries. These results indicate the importance of psychological skills training to aid sports performance and prevent injuries, as well as the use of the above-mentioned questionnaire, which, with a limited number of items, measures a wide range of psychological variables in the specific context of sports.

  1. Sport psychology group consultation using social networking web sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietrich, Frederick; Shipherd, Amber M; Gershgoren, Lael; Filho, Edson Medeiros; Basevitch, Itay

    2012-08-01

    A social networking Web site, Facebook, was used to deliver long-term sport psychology consultation services to student-athletes (i.e., soccer players) in 30- to 60-min weekly sessions. Additional short-term team building, group cohesion, communication, anger management, injury rehabilitation, mental toughness, commitment, and leadership workshops were provided. Cohesion and overall relationships between both the student-athletes and the sport psychology consultants benefited from this process. Social networking Web sites offer a practical way of providing sport psychology consulting services that does not require use of major resources. (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved.

  2. 对体育社会学理论的重新思考:布迪厄和体育社会学%Rethinking of Sport Sociology Theory:Pierre Bourdieu and Sport Sociology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯迎锋

    2015-01-01

    In this paper ,the relationship between Bourdieu and sport sociology was discussed in order to restore the schema of Bourdieu's sport sociological study .Bourdieu ,tightly together with theory of sports sociology study ,explored the historical and social conditions of sports de‐velopment ,concerned about analysis of development and consumer behavior of sports ,and tried to study the spatial characteristics inherent in sport .This paper focused on Bourdieu's concept of the problem and a few of his sociological research support ,such as habitus ,capital and field . French researchers inherited sports academic subject proposed by Bourdieu ,and its sociological theory was applied in sports sociology study .They used his sociological theory and put forward the concept for sports social science research system .Therefore ,Bourdieu school of sports soci‐ology study is not proposed by himself ,but is refined and spreaded by French sports sociologist with his similar views .%对法国社会学家布迪厄与体育社会学之间的关系进行论述,试图还原其对体育社会学研究的图景。布迪厄将体育研究与社会学理论紧密地结合在一起,试图探寻体育发展的历史和社会条件,关注分析各体育项目的运行和消费行为,并尝试研究体育所固有的空间特性。布迪厄所关注体育现象的重点研究与支撑其社会学研究的几个核心概念,如惯习、资本、场域、社会空间等。法国体育学界的研究者承继布迪厄所提出的体育研究课题,并将其社会学理论应用于体育社会学研究中,运用他的社会学理论对体育社会学研究体系提出构想。布迪厄派体育社会学研究由与布迪厄观点相近的法国体育社会学家提炼并传播。

  3. International Journal of Emotional Psychology and Sport Ethics

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... International Journal of Emotional Psychology and Sport Ethics ... Re-Inventing The Current 'Ss' English Language Curriculum: Implications For Students' Performance In Essay Writing.

  4. International Journal of Emotional Psychology and Sport Ethics - Vol ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... International Journal of Emotional Psychology and Sport Ethics - Vol 10 (2008) ... Re-Inventing The Current 'Ss' English Language Curriculum: Implications For Students' Performance In ...

  5. How Should We Measure Psychological Resilience in Sport Performers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, Mustafa; Fletcher, David

    2013-01-01

    Psychological resilience is important in sport because athletes must constantly withstand a wide range of pressures to attain and sustain high performance. To advance psychologists' understanding of this area, there exists an urgent need to develop a sport-specific measure of resilience. The purpose of this article is to review psychometric…

  6. The Psychological UNIFORM: Using Mental Skills in Youth Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Crystal A.; Gilbert, Jenelle N.

    2004-01-01

    Most athletes can benefit from practicing and using mental skills within a sport context, but budgets do not always allow the hiring of a Sport Psychologists to implement a mental skills training program. With guidance, however, dedicated coaches can help athletes develop the mental side of their game by providing basic psychological skills. A…

  7. How Should We Measure Psychological Resilience in Sport Performers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, Mustafa; Fletcher, David

    2013-01-01

    Psychological resilience is important in sport because athletes must constantly withstand a wide range of pressures to attain and sustain high performance. To advance psychologists' understanding of this area, there exists an urgent need to develop a sport-specific measure of resilience. The purpose of this article is to review psychometric…

  8. Sport Psychology. Theories and Applications for Performance, Health and Humanity.

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This congress proceedings volume includes all abstracts submitted to the 14th European Congress of Sport Psychology of the European Federation of Sport Psychology FEPSAC that have been accepted by the scientific evaluation committee. Content: six keynote lectures, Panteleimon ("Paddy") Ekkekakis: Escape from Cognitivism: Exercise as Hedonic Experience; Sergio Lara-Bercial and Cliff Mallett: Serial Winning Coaches – Vision, People and Environment; Kari Fasting: Sexual Harassment and Abuse in S...

  9. The potential role of sports psychology in the obesity epidemic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morelli, Vincent; Davis, Carolyn

    2013-06-01

    Sports psychologists play an important role in enhancing performance among athletes. In conjunction with team physicians, they can also shed light on psychological disorders common in athletes, such as mood and eating disorders, and overtraining syndrome. Sports psychologists can also lend their expertise to assist with injury prevention and recovery and compliance issues. Sports psychology has a role in helping to reverse the growing obesity epidemic among school-aged children. These professionals, working with coaches, can increase children's levels of physical activity. Cognitive-behavioral techniques could lead to enhanced enjoyment, increased participation, improved school performance, and a reduction in obesity.

  10. CROSS-CULTURAL METHODOLOGY IN SPORT PSYCHOLOGY: THE VALUE-NORMATIVE APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulia Victorovna Paigunova

    2016-11-01

    Application of results. Theoretical conclusions of this paper can provide the basis for researches on the problems of sport axiology and in development of psychology and pedagogy programs of sports activities, as well as in teaching special courses in universities, for example, sport pedagogy, sport psychology, conflict management in sport.

  11. Understanding the Disproportionately Low Marriage Rate among African Americans: An Amalgam of Sociological and Psychological Constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, Anthony L.; Kravitz, Aliza

    2011-01-01

    African Americans have the lowest marriage rate of any racial and ethnic group in America. Although the low marriage rate among African Americans has been largely examined through a sociological lens by documenting structural barriers, which has important policy implications, researchers have not sufficiently examined the psychological and…

  12. Promoting Sportsmanship in Youth Sports: Perspectives from Sport Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Jay D.; Iso-Ahola, Seppo E.

    2006-01-01

    This article introduces the physical education, recreation, and health practitioner to the relevant practical and theoretical information pertaining to sportsmanship in youth sports. It discusses four key areas related to sportsmanship: (1) constructs, (2) underlying theories, (3) empirical evidence, and (4) application and education. It also…

  13. Bayesian structural equation modeling in sport and exercise psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenling, Andreas; Ivarsson, Andreas; Johnson, Urban; Lindwall, Magnus

    2015-08-01

    Bayesian statistics is on the rise in mainstream psychology, but applications in sport and exercise psychology research are scarce. In this article, the foundations of Bayesian analysis are introduced, and we will illustrate how to apply Bayesian structural equation modeling in a sport and exercise psychology setting. More specifically, we contrasted a confirmatory factor analysis on the Sport Motivation Scale II estimated with the most commonly used estimator, maximum likelihood, and a Bayesian approach with weakly informative priors for cross-loadings and correlated residuals. The results indicated that the model with Bayesian estimation and weakly informative priors provided a good fit to the data, whereas the model estimated with a maximum likelihood estimator did not produce a well-fitting model. The reasons for this discrepancy between maximum likelihood and Bayesian estimation are discussed as well as potential advantages and caveats with the Bayesian approach.

  14. Psychological profile of high risk sports athlets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanja Kajtna

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available The research attempted to compose a psycjhological profile of high risk sports athletes, based on personality, values and sensation seeking. 38 high risk sports athletes participated in the research (alpinists, sky divers, parachute gliders, white water kayakers, downhill mountain bikers, motocross riders, downhill skiers and Nordic jumpers, the non risk sports athletes consisted of 38 swimmers, track athletes, sailers, still water kayakers, rowers, Nordic skiers, sports climbers and karate players, whereas non athletes were equalled with both groups in age and education and included 76 non athletes. We used the self descriptive scale Big five observer, Musek's Value scale and Zuckerman' Sensation seeking scale IV. The dimensions, obtained from the discrimination analysis, were named personality maturity and sensation seeking in a social environment. Our results show that high risk sports athletes are more mature personalities than non risk sports athletes and non athletes and that they do not attempt to find stimulation in social environments. We also suggest some possibilities for further research.

  15. Psychologic stress related to injury and impact on sport performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nippert, Angela H; Smith, Aynsley M

    2008-05-01

    Injury rates are high among children and adolescent athletes. Psychosocial stressors, such as personality, history of stressors, and life event stress can influence injury occurrence. After injury, those same factors plus athletic identity, self-esteem, and significant others-such as parents, coaches, and teammates-can affect injury response, recovery and subsequent sport performance. Goal setting, positive self-talk, attribution theory, and relaxation or mental imagery are psychologic interventions that can help injured athletes cope with psychosocial stressors. Medical professionals should be aware of the potential influence that psychosocial stressors and psychologic interventions can have on injury occurrence, injury recovery, and sport performance.

  16. [Neurobiological, psychological and sociological approach to sexual desire and sexual satisfaction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi-Demicheli, Francesco; Ammar, Nadia; Bolmont, Mylène; Dosch, Alessandra; Favez, Nicolas; Van der Linden, Martial; Widmer, Eric

    2016-03-16

    In the last years, University Fund Maurice Chalumeau (FUMC) launched a dynamic of research designed to promote scientific excellence and the development of Sexology with particular interest regarding sexual desire. The FUMC has supported a research project entitled "Neurobiological, psychological and sociological approach to sexual desire and sexual satisfaction". This project, sampled on 600 people (300 men and 300 women) aged between 25 and 46 years, was structured around three studies: a broad sociological study and two more specific ones, focused on some psychological mechanisms and neurobiological factors involved in sexual desire. The results show how the secondary socialization, personal expectations, beliefs and values in sexuality, sexual motivations, body image, as well as the neurobiological foundations and visual patterns, are of vital importance in the dynamics of sexual desire.

  17. Development of an Evidence-Based Sport Psychological Training Program for Young Elite Athletes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wikman, Johan Michael

    Sport psychological training seems to be a viable way of facilitating development and performance for adult athletes, and even though sport psychological training for young athletes is less investigated, research indicates that talented athletes can benefit from sport psychological training as well...

  18. A Literature Review Investigating the Relationship between Sports Participation and Psychological Well-Being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruoff, Mitchell Kenneth

    This study investigated the connection between sport, emotion, and psychological health through an examination of the literature on sports participation and psychological health. The review found that while some of the research supports a relationship between psychological well-being and sports participation, some of it is inconclusive. Many…

  19. How psychological momentum changes in athletes during a sport competition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Briki, W.; den Hartigh, J.R.; Markman, K.D.; Micaleff, J.P.; Gernigon, C.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: The present research sought to examine changes in psychological momentum (PM) during sport competitions through the lens of a dynamical systems approach. Design: Male regional-level cyclists competed in cycling duels on home trainers. Method: Images of moving avatars of the cyclists were

  20. Thinking in Action: Some Insights from Cognitive Sport Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, Aidan

    2012-01-01

    Historically, cognitive researchers have largely ignored the domain of sport in their quest to understand how the mind works. This neglect is due, in part, to the limitations of the information processing paradigm that dominated cognitive psychology in its formative years. With the emergence of the embodiment approach to cognition, however, sport…

  1. The Psychological Benefits of Superstitious Rituals in Top Sport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.C. Schippers (Michaéla); P.A.M. van Lange (Paul)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThe current research addresses the psychological benefits of superstitious rituals in top sport, examining the circumstances under which top-class sportsmen are especially committed to enacting rituals prior to a game (ritual commitment). Consistent with hypotheses, findings revealed

  2. Thinking in Action: Some Insights from Cognitive Sport Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, Aidan

    2012-01-01

    Historically, cognitive researchers have largely ignored the domain of sport in their quest to understand how the mind works. This neglect is due, in part, to the limitations of the information processing paradigm that dominated cognitive psychology in its formative years. With the emergence of the embodiment approach to cognition, however, sport…

  3. Physical Activity and Psychological Benefits. International Society of Sport Psychology Position Statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Physician and Sportsmedicine, 1992

    1992-01-01

    International Society of Sport Psychology clarifies the psychological benefits of physical activity, noting the positive relationship between physical activity level and mental health. Exercise can reduce anxiety, decrease depression levels, reduce neuroticism and anxiety, reduce stress, and have beneficial emotional effects for both sexes across…

  4. Attending to and neglecting people: bridging neuroscience, psychology and sociology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hari, Riitta; Sams, Mikko; Nummenmaa, Lauri

    2016-01-01

    Human behaviour is context-dependent—based on predictions and influenced by the environment and other people. We live in a dynamic world where both the social stimuli and their context are constantly changing. Similar dynamic, natural stimuli should, in the future, be increasingly used to study social brain functions, with parallel development of appropriate signal-analysis methods. Understanding dynamic neural processes also requires accurate time-sensitive characterization of the behaviour. To go beyond the traditional stimulus–response approaches, brain activity should be recorded simultaneously from two interacting subjects to reveal why human social interaction is critically different from just reacting to each other. This theme issue on Attending to and neglecting people contains original work and review papers on person perception and social interaction. The articles cover research from neuroscience, psychology, robotics, animal interaction research and microsociology. Some of the papers are co-authored by scientists who presented their own, independent views in the recent Attention and Performance XXVI conference but were brave enough to join forces with a colleague having a different background and views. In the future, information needs to converge across disciplines to provide us a more holistic view of human behaviour, its interactive nature, as well as the temporal dynamics of our social world. PMID:27069043

  5. Attending to and neglecting people: bridging neuroscience, psychology and sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hari, Riitta; Sams, Mikko; Nummenmaa, Lauri

    2016-05-05

    Human behaviour is context-dependent-based on predictions and influenced by the environment and other people. We live in a dynamic world where both the social stimuli and their context are constantly changing. Similar dynamic, natural stimuli should, in the future, be increasingly used to study social brain functions, with parallel development of appropriate signal-analysis methods. Understanding dynamic neural processes also requires accurate time-sensitive characterization of the behaviour. To go beyond the traditional stimulus-response approaches, brain activity should be recorded simultaneously from two interacting subjects to reveal why human social interaction is critically different from just reacting to each other. This theme issue on Attending to and neglecting people contains original work and review papers on person perception and social interaction. The articles cover research from neuroscience, psychology, robotics, animal interaction research and microsociology. Some of the papers are co-authored by scientists who presented their own, independent views in the recent Attention and Performance XXVI conference but were brave enough to join forces with a colleague having a different background and views. In the future, information needs to converge across disciplines to provide us a more holistic view of human behaviour, its interactive nature, as well as the temporal dynamics of our social world.

  6. Early Sport Specialization: A Psychological Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gould, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    Specializing too early in life can lead to emotional stress, loss of motivation, and burnout, but the research is inadequate to resolve the question of whether early specialization or diversification is more beneficial from a psychological perspective. Nevertheless, some best practices are recommended based on the known benefits and detriments.…

  7. Current opinion in clinical sport psychology: from athletic performance to psychological well-being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Zella E; Bonagura, Kehana

    2017-08-01

    Clinical sport psychology (CSP) is a contemporary, empirically informed model that employs a scope, style, and mode of practice built upon cutting-edge findings from both clinical and sport sciences, and that follows the sound methodological traditions of clinical psychology [1(••)]. Conceptualizing athletic performance and well-being through the context of empirical research in both athletic and nonathletic domains of functioning, CSP practice can involve the enhancement of athletic performance, and also the personal development and psychological well-being of performers. CSP intervention options expand (if desired) to include those currently considered to be outside of the purview of traditional sport psychology and within the domains of clinical/counseling psychology. Importantly, CSP does not imply that its practitioners must choose a population. CSPers can, if appropriate, assess and intervene with psychological disorders, performance dysfunction, and performance improvement, and/or can make appropriate referrals. Despite whether one personally addresses the variety of interpersonal, non-diagnosable, and clinical issues potentially presented, they must support a comprehensive, client-specific approach and engage in interventions based on sound evidence. Expanding practice boundaries, and with it one's roles and responsibilities, also results in expanded job opportunities. This scope highlights the clinical sport psychologist as the human behavior expert in the athletic milieu. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Psychological predictors of sport injuries among junior soccer players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, U; Ivarsson, A

    2011-02-01

    Previous researches have established models that specify psychological factors that could predict sport injuries. One example is Williams and Andersen's stress-injury model stressing factors such as anxiety, negative life stress and few coping resources. The purpose of the current study was to find psychological factors that could lead to an increased injury risk among junior soccer players, in addition to construct an empirical model of injury risk factors for soccer players. The participants were 108 male and female soccer players (m=17, 6) studying at soccer high schools in southwest Sweden. Five questionnaires were used, State Trait Anxiety Inventory, Sport Anxiety Scale, Life Events Survey for Collegiate Athletes, Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28 and Swedish universities Scales of Personality. Injury record was collected by athletic trainers at the schools during a period of 8 months. The result suggested four significant predictors that together could explain 23% of injury occurrence. The main factors are life event stress, somatic trait anxiety, mistrust and ineffective coping. These findings partly support Williams and Andersen's stress-injury model and are organized into an empirical model. Recommendations are given to sport medicine teams and coaches concerning issues in sport injury prevention.

  9. Athletic identity, sport participation, and psychological adjustment in people with spinal cord injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasiemski, Tomasz; Brewer, Britton W

    2011-07-01

    This study examined interrelationships among athletic identity, sport participation, and psychological adjustment in a sample of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Participants (N = 1,034) completed measures of athletic identity, life satisfaction, anxiety, depression, and demographic and sport participation variables. Current amount of weekly sport participation was positively related to athletic identity when statistically controlling for age, gender, and pre-SCI amount of weekly sport participation. Being able to practice one's favorite sport after SCI was associated with higher levels of athletic identity and better psychological adjustment. Team sport participants reported experiencing better psychological adjustment than individual sport participants did. The findings suggest that social factors are important in the link between sport participation and psychological adjustment in people with SCI.

  10. Accounting for Success and Failure: A Discursive Psychological Approach to Sport Talk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locke, Abigail

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, constructionist methodologies such as discursive psychology (Edwards & Potter, 1992) have begun to be used in sport research. This paper provides a practical guide to applying a discursive psychological approach to sport data. It discusses the assumptions and principles of discursive psychology and outlines the stages of a…

  11. From Mental Game to Cultural Praxis: A Cultural Studies Model's Implications for the Future of Sport Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryba, Tatiana V.; Wright, Handel Kashope

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores the implications of a cultural studies as praxis heuristic "model: for transforming sport psychology". It provides a brief introduction to both cultural studies and sport psychology and discusses a cultural studies intersection with sport studies and sport psychology. Cultural studies, it asserts, provides one of several…

  12. Where's the emotion? How sport psychology can inform research on emotion in human factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eccles, David W; Ward, Paul; Woodman, Tim; Janelle, Christopher M; Le Scanff, Christine; Ehrlinger, Joyce; Castanier, Carole; Coombes, Stephen A

    2011-04-01

    The aim of this study was to demonstrate how research on emotion in sport psychology might inform the field of human factors. Human factors historically has paid little attention to the role of emotion within the research on human-system relations. The theories, methods, and practices related to research on emotion within sport psychology might be informative for human factors because fundamentally, sport psychology and human factors are applied fields concerned with enhancing performance in complex, real-world domains. Reviews of three areas of theory and research on emotion in sport psychology are presented, and the relevancy of each area for human factors is proposed: (a) emotional preparation and regulation for performance, (b) an emotional trait explanation for risk taking in sport, and (c) the link between emotion and motor behavior. Finally, there are suggestions for how to continue cross-talk between human factors and sport psychology about research on emotion and related topics in the future. The relevance of theory and research on emotion in sport psychology for human factors is demonstrated. The human factors field and, in particular, research on human-system relations may benefit from a consideration of theory and research on emotion in sport psychology. Theories, methods, and practices from sport psychology might be applied usefully to human factors.

  13. Students' Personality Types, Intended Majors, and College Expectations: Further Evidence Concerning Psychological and Sociological Interpretations of Holland's Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pike, Gary R.

    2006-01-01

    Because it focuses on the interactions between students and their environments, Holland's theory of vocational choice provides a powerful framework for studying college experiences. The present study assessed the relative merits of psychological and sociological interpretations of Holland's theory by examining the relationships among students' …

  14. Students' Personality Types, Intended Majors, and College Expectations: Further Evidence Concerning Psychological and Sociological Interpretations of Holland's Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pike, Gary R.

    2006-01-01

    Because it focuses on the interactions between students and their environments, Holland's theory of vocational choice provides a powerful framework for studying college experiences. The present study assessed the relative merits of psychological and sociological interpretations of Holland's theory by examining the relationships among students' …

  15. THE UNDERGROUND ECONOMY FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE TRIAD ECONOMICS, SOCIOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corneliu\tSorin\tBAICU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Underground economy, in view of researchers, economists and jurists, is a theoretical complex construct, a phenomenon with profound social and economic reverberations. This study argues multidisciplinary integrative the sociological, psychological and socio-psychological approach of underground economy. The premises of this study are given by methodological individualism and rational choice theory through building in neoclassical version of Homo economicus able to interact in a multidisciplinary and multifaceted manner with the area of social sciences. For the nonce, we submit to analysis an integrative model of Homo Oeconimicus with Homo Sociologicus, aggregated with elements of social psychology. Synergistic effects of this integrative approach consist of the ability to give an answer as relevant on symptoms and forms of deviant behavior and thus to explain the development of underground economy. The finality of this paper, starting from the stated premises, resides in the explanation and analysis of deviant behavior in the framework of the morphology and causality of underground economy. Deviant behavior in the context of our analysis reveals the coherence perspective on the following issues: anatomy and etiology of underground economy (informal and underground activities, illegal labor, tax fraud, etc.; attitude towards rules, society and the state (tax mentality, tax morality, moral conscience; tax compliance or non-compliance (willingness to pay tax liabilities. This paper is intended to constitute a pleading for an interdependent approach, multi-causal and interdisciplinary of underground economy

  16. MEDIA: CAUSES AND STRATEGIES TO OVERCOME ISLAMOPHOBIA (PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratna Istriyani

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available A stereotype appears and describes that Islam is the cause of a series of terror. Therefore, some states are worried and suspicious toward Muslims (Islamophobia up to the present. Islamophobia associated with negative prejudices against Muslims and Islam, and lead to construction of anti-Islam. Prejudice is based on a claim that Islam is an inferior religion and can threat the dominant values in society. The phenomenon of Islamophobia can be assessed by two perspectives: sociological and psychological. In the case of Islamophobia, media became the object of analysis because it has the dichotomy function. They become the cause for the outbreak of Islamophobia symptoms (latent functions. On the other hand, the media is an information agent which has role to provide education and social change effects (manifest functions. Thus, the media can be an instrument or strategy to overcome the turmoil of Islamophobia by involving a synergy of government, Islamic organizations, and institutions of higher education.

  17. A systematic review of the psychological factors associated with returning to sport following injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardern, Clare L; Taylor, Nicholas F; Feller, Julian A; Webster, Kate E

    2013-11-01

    Psychological factors have been shown to be associated with the recovery and rehabilitation period following sports injury, but less is known about the psychological response associated with returning to sport after injury. The aim of this review was to identify psychological factors associated with returning to sport following sports injury evaluated with the self-determination theory framework. Systematic review. Electronic databases were searched from the earliest possible entry to March 2012. Quantitative studies were reviewed that included athletes who had sustained an athletic injury, reported the return to sport rate and measured at least one psychological variable. The risk of bias in each study was appraised with a quality checklist. Eleven studies that evaluated 983 athletes and 15 psychological factors were included for review. The three central elements of self-determination theory-autonomy, competence and relatedness were found to be related to returning to sport following injury. Positive psychological responses including motivation, confidence and low fear were associated with a greater likelihood of returning to the preinjury level of participation and returning to sport more quickly. Fear was a prominent emotional response at the time of returning to sport despite the fact that overall emotions became more positive as recovery and rehabilitation progressed. There is preliminary evidence that positive psychological responses are associated with a higher rate of returning to sport following athletic injury, and should be taken into account by clinicians during rehabilitation.

  18. CONCEPTUALIZATION OF IDEAS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SAFETY IN SPORTS: PROBLEMS OF EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulia Vladimirovna Vardanyan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to the research of the concept “psychological safety in sports”. On the basis of analysis of ideas about psychological safety in sports and their representation in printed or verbal form the necessity of overcoming the fragmentation and lack of system is substantiated. The authors state that one and the same sports situation can constructively or destructively affect the psychological safety of direct or indirect participants of sports events. In this context, it is important to create the psycholinguistic basis of experimental research of psychological safety in sports. Great attention is paid to systematization of the content of the concept “psychological safety in sports”. The created models of words and expressions that convey ideas about this phenomenon are of particular value. In the structure of the concept the dominant meanings, expressed in the nucleus, and additional meanings, related to the periphery of the concept are distinguished.Purpose: to explore the ideas of psychological safety in sports and their representation in printed or verbal form; to determine ways of overcoming the conceptual psycholinguistic problems in the process of experimental research of psychological safety in sports; to create the model of words and expressions which are used to verbalize the concept “psychological safety in sports”.Methodology: theoretical analysis of psychological and linguistic literature, creation of the psycholinguistic basis of experimental research, modeling of the conceptual ideas of psychological safety in sports.Results: psycholinguistic basis of experimental research of psychological safety in sports, the model of content and structure of the corresponding concept.Practical implications: Pedagogical Psychology, Sports Psychology, Philology, Psycholinguistics.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-8-11

  19. Sport Psychology Teaching Approaches for High School Coaches and Their Student-Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Jenelle N.

    2017-01-01

    Coaches lacking a formal background in sport psychology may shy away from teaching these skills in favor of teaching physical skills with which they are more familiar. Other coaches may assume that athletes will learn sport psychology skills as a byproduct of their coaching pedagogy. Regardless, high school coaches are responsible for teaching…

  20. Sport Psychology Teaching Approaches for High School Coaches and Their Student-Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Jenelle N.

    2017-01-01

    Coaches lacking a formal background in sport psychology may shy away from teaching these skills in favor of teaching physical skills with which they are more familiar. Other coaches may assume that athletes will learn sport psychology skills as a byproduct of their coaching pedagogy. Regardless, high school coaches are responsible for teaching…

  1. Development and Implementation of a Sport Psychology Program in an Urban High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weissman, Michael

    2005-01-01

    This article is based on a dissertation of the author that was centered on the process of developing a sport psychology program at the high school level. The program was developed to address academic, mental, social, and emotional needs of student-athletes and coaches. This sport psychology program, which was developed in the Linden Public School…

  2. Improving Athletes' Perspectives of Sport Psychology Consultation: A Controlled Evaluation of Two Interview Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donohue, B.; Dickens, Y.; Lancer, K.; Covassin, T.; Hash, A.; Miller, A.; Genet, J.

    2004-01-01

    Although investigations have consistently demonstrated the effectiveness of sport psychology interventions, these methods have been underutilized by athletes. In this study, 124 athletes completed the athletes Attitudes Toward Seeking Sport Psychology Consultation Questionnaire (ATSSPCQ) and were subsequently randomly assigned to receive one of…

  3. Guidelines for writing applied case studies in sport and exercise psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Keegan, Richard James

    2017-01-01

    While there has been a significant expansion of continued professional development opportunities in recent years, there has often, historically, been a reluctance for sport and exercise psychologists to both share, and receive feedback on their professional practice (Cotterill, Weston and Breslin, 2016). The recent development of the new Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology journal, a flagship journal of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology, supports an increasing appetite fo...

  4. Measures of Biochemical Sociology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snell, Joel; Marsh, Mitchell

    2008-01-01

    In a previous article, the authors introduced a new sub field in sociology that we labeled "biochemical sociology." We introduced the definition of a sociology that encompasses sociological measures, psychological measures, and biological indicators Snell & Marsh (2003). In this article, we want to demonstrate a research strategy that would assess…

  5. Measures of Biochemical Sociology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snell, Joel; Marsh, Mitchell

    2008-01-01

    In a previous article, the authors introduced a new sub field in sociology that we labeled "biochemical sociology." We introduced the definition of a sociology that encompasses sociological measures, psychological measures, and biological indicators Snell & Marsh (2003). In this article, we want to demonstrate a research strategy that would assess…

  6. Comparing interventions with youth and senior elite athletes: Insights from expert sport psychology practitioners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Storm, Louise Kamuk; Henriksen, Kristoffer; Larsen, Carsten Hvid

    Meaningful sport psychology practice requires a context-sensitive approach. Competitive youth sport and senior elite (professional) sport can be seen as two different contexts that require different applied approaches; however we know little about the differences, and we are in lack of studies...... that directly compare interventions from these two contexts (Henriksen, Larsen, Storm & Ryom, 2014). Literature on applied sport psychology with senior athletes is far richer than corresponding literature on working with youth athletes. The objectives were: (1) to identify key themes that expert practitioners...... used to communicate their experiences of sport psychology interventions, and to integrate them into an empirical framework, and (2) to explore the experiences of these practitioners in their successful and less successful interventions in youth and senior sports using the framework. Twelve...

  7. Sexual assault and posttraumatic stress disorder: a review of the biological, psychological and sociological factors and treatments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chivers-Wilson, Kaitlin A

    2006-07-01

    Sexual assault occurs with alarming frequency in Canada. The prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in assault survivors is drastically higher than the national prevalence of the disorder, which is a strong indication that the current therapies for sexual-assault-related PTSD are in need of improvement. Increasing knowledge and understanding of the pathologies associated with rape trauma in biological, psychological and sociological domains will help to develop more effective treatments for survivors. A dysregulation of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis is observed in survivors of sexual assault and this may be a fundamental cause of the structural and functional abnormalities contributing to PTSD symptoms. Pharmacotherapies are available to treat PTSD; however, they are often inadequate or unwanted by the survivor. Psychological health is compromised following interpersonal trauma and many psychological therapies are available, but with varying efficacy. A person's cognitions have a dramatic effect on the onset, severity, and progress of PTSD following sexual assault. Sociological impacts of assault influence the development of PTSD through victim-blaming attitudes and the perpetuation of rape myths. Perceived positive regard and early social support is shown to be important to successful recovery. Education is vital in rape prevention and to foster a supportive environment for survivors. The biological, psychological and sociological impacts and treatments should not remain mutually exclusive. A better appreciation of the biopsychosocial repercussions of sexual assault will aid in developing a more holistic and individualized therapy to help alleviate the physical and emotional pain following the trauma of rape.

  8. Cyberbullying and Primary-School Aged Children: The Psychological Literature and the Challenge for Sociology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lesley-Anne Ey

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Cyberbullying is an international issue for schools, young people and their families. Whilst many research domains have explored this phenomenon, and bullying more generally, the majority of reported studies appear in the psychological and educational literatures, where bullying, and more recently, cyberbullying has been examined primarily at the individual level: amongst adolescents and young people, with a focus on the definition, its prevalence, behaviours, and impact. There also is growing evidence that younger children are increasingly accessing technology and engaging with social media, yet there is limited research dedicated to this younger age group. The purpose of this paper is to report on a systematic literature review from the psychological and educational research domains related to this younger age group, to inform future research across the disciplines. Younger children require different methods of engagement. This review highlights the methodological challenges associated with this age group present in the psychological literature, and argues for a greater use of sociological, child-centred approaches to data collection. This review examined studies published in English, between 2009 and 2014, and conducted with children aged 5–12 years, about their experiences with cyberbullying. Searches were conducted on seven key databases using keywords associated with cyberbullying and age of children. A Google Scholar search also examined published and unpublished reports. A total of 966 articles and reports were retrieved. A random peer review process was employed to establish inter-rater reliability and veracity of the review. Findings revealed 38 studies reported specifically on children aged 5–12 years. The dominant focus of these articles was on prevalence of cyberbullying, established through survey methodology. Few studies noted impacts, understanding and behaviours or engaged children’s independent voice. This review

  9. Psychological responses matter in returning to preinjury level of sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardern, Clare L; Taylor, Nicholas F; Feller, Julian A; Whitehead, Timothy S; Webster, Kate E

    2013-07-01

    Up to two-thirds of athletes may not return to their preinjury level of sport by 12 months after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery, despite being physically recovered. This has led to questions about what other factors may influence return to sport. To determine whether psychological factors predicted return to preinjury level of sport by 12 months after ACL reconstruction surgery. Case control study; Level of evidence, 3. Recreational and competitive-level athletes seen at a private orthopaedic clinic with an ACL injury were consecutively recruited. The primary outcome was return to the preinjury level of sports participation. The psychological factors evaluated were psychological readiness to return to sport, fear of reinjury, mood, emotions, sport locus of control, and recovery expectations. Participants were followed up preoperatively and at 4 and 12 months postoperatively. In total, 187 athletes participated. At 12 months, 56 athletes (31%) had returned to their preinjury level of sports participation. Significant independent contributions to returning to the preinjury level by 12 months after surgery were made by psychological readiness to return to sport, fear of reinjury, sport locus of control, and the athlete's estimate of the number of months it would take to return to sport, as measured preoperatively (χ(2) 2 = 18.3, P sport at 12 months, suggesting that attention to psychological recovery in addition to physical recovery after ACL injury and reconstruction surgery may be warranted. Clinical screening for maladaptive psychological responses in athletes before and soon after surgery may help clinicians identify athletes at risk of not returning to their preinjury level of sport by 12 months.

  10. The moral worth of sport reconsidered: contributions of recreational sport and competitive sport to life aspirations and psychological well-being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatzisarantis, Nikos L D; Hagger, Martin S

    2007-07-01

    Based on self-determination theory, the present study aimed to test the hypothesis that importance ratings of life aspirations would mediate the effects of participation in recreational and competitive sport on psychological well-being. In addition, the effects of sport participation on psychological well-being were hypothesized to indicate that, compared with competitive athletes, recreational athletes would report higher psychological well-being. The participants were 118 university students (83 males, 35 females) with a mean age of 20.8 years (s = 7.6). In accordance with the initial hypotheses, a path analysis supported the mediating effect of importance ratings of life aspirations, but not of attainment ratings of life aspirations, on the relationship between participation in recreational and competitive sport and psychological well-being. The indirect effects observed for importance ratings supported the conclusion that recreational athletes showed a preference for intrinsic life aspirations compared with competitive athletes and reported higher psychological well-being. Overall, the findings of the present study suggest that the moral worth of sport does not reside so much in the frequency with which individuals engage in sport but in the goals and values people express through sport participation.

  11. Development of an Evidence-Based Sport Psychological Training Program for Young Elite Athletes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wikman, Johan Michael

    of sport psychological interventions for young athletes. Second, four research studies are reported. These studies investigate sport psychological interventions for young elite athletes.In the chapter entitled “Sport Psychological Training for Young Elite Athletes”, the three reviews of the literature...... are conducted. First, a review of studies investigating sport psychological skills and characteristics needed for successful development reveals three skills/characteristics that seems to be mentioned repeatedly in the literature, namely motivation, social skills, and self-regulation.Second, a theoretical...... psychological interventions for young athletes is performed. The reviewreveals 37 studies, of which 10 used a sample that can be viewed as elite. Furthermore, the review reveals that interventions targeting the important skills and characteristics for talent development, motivation, social skills and self...

  12. Child in Sport and Physical Activity. International Series on Sport Sciences. Volume 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albinson, J.G., Ed.; Andrew, G.M., Ed.

    This collection of papers reviews the effects of sport and physical activity on children. It is organized around six sections representing the basic disciplines that contribute to a broad view of the child in sport and physical activity: physiology; medicine; growth and development; psychology; sociology; and motor learning. Although each paper…

  13. Review of some phenomena in sport psychology from the point of view of the athlete's experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Smrdu

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Although many quantitative studies have been carried out on various aspects of sport, it seems our understanding of them has not advanced considerably. Because of that there has been a greater acceptance of qualitative methods and with that also the value of employing phenomenological approaches in the academic discipline of sport psychology has increased in recent years. Phenomenological psychology can allow us to look more closely to athletes’ experiences and therefore plays a mediating role between applied and theoretical aspects of sport psychology. We find its special importance at phenomena connected to peak performance and different stages of consciousness.

  14. Sport psychology consultants’ perceptions of their challenges at the London 2012 Olympic Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elsborg, Peter; Diment, Gregory; Elbe, Anne-Marie

    The aim of the study was to explore the challenges sport psychology consultants perceived at the 2012 London Olympic Games. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 sport psychology consultants up to six weeks after the London Games. The interviews were transcribed and inductively content......). Furthermore, four different Sport psychology consultant roles during the Olympics could be defined. On the one hand, the reported challenges validate and cohere with the challenge descriptions in the literature. On the other hand, the data identifies individual contextual differences between the consultants...

  15. Sexual assault and posttraumatic stress disorder: A review of the biological, psychological and sociological factors and treatments

    OpenAIRE

    Chivers-Wilson, Kaitlin A.

    2006-01-01

    Sexual assault occurs with alarming frequency in Canada. The prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in assault survivors is drastically higher than the national prevalence of the disorder, which is a strong indication that the current therapies for sexual-assault-related PTSD are in need of improvement. Increasing knowledge and understanding of the pathologies associated with rape trauma in biological, psychological and sociological domains will help to develop more effective trea...

  16. Understanding suicide among older adults: a review of psychological and sociological theories of suicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, Ian H; Hom, Melanie A; Rogers, Megan L; Hagan, Christopher R; Joiner, Thomas E

    2016-01-01

    Older adults die by suicide at a higher rate than any other age group in nearly every country globally. Suicide among older adults has been an intractable clinical and epidemiological problem for decades, due in part to an incomplete understanding of the causes of suicide, as well as imprecision in the prediction and prevention of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in later life. Theory-driven investigations hold promise in addressing these gaps by systematically identifying testable, and thus falsifiable, mechanisms that may better explain this phenomenon and also point to specific interventions. In this article, we comprehensively review key extant psychological and sociological theories of suicide and discuss each theory's applicability to the understanding and prevention of suicide among older adults. Despite a modest number of theories of suicide, few have undergone extensive empirical investigation and scrutiny, and even fewer have been applied specifically to older adults. To advance the science and contribute findings with a measurable clinical and public health impact, future research in this area, from conceptual to applied, must draw from and integrate theory.

  17. Sport psychology consultants’ perceptions of their challenges at the London 2012 Olympic Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elsborg, Peter; Diment, Greg; Elbe, Anne-Marie

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to explore how sport psychology consultants perceive the challenges they face at the Olympic Games. Post-Olympics semistructured interviews with 11 experienced sport psychology consultants who worked at the London Games were conducted. The interviews were transcribed...... the Olympics (e.g., negotiating one’s role) and Challenges During the Olympics (e.g., dealing with the media). The challenges the sport psychology consultants perceived as important validate and cohere with the challenge descriptions that exist in the literature. The findings extend the knowledge on sport...... psychology consultancy at the Olympic Games by showing individual contextual differences between the consultants’ perceptions and by identifying four SPC roles at the Olympic Games....

  18. Twenty-five years of psychology in the Journal of Sports Sciences: a historical overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, A Mark; Hardy, Lew; Mutrie, Nanette

    2008-02-15

    We provide an overview of some of the outstanding papers published in the Journal over the last 25 years within the discipline of psychology. Altogether, almost 300 papers had been published in the Journal under the psychology banner at the start of its silver anniversary year. The greatest contribution of papers has come from the motor control and learning and sport psychology sub-areas, with papers focusing on exercise psychology being a more recent addition. Prominent research themes that have emerged from each of the different sub-areas are reviewed and some notable omissions highlighted. Finally, some issues for sport and exercise psychologists to consider in coming years are briefly highlighted.

  19. What Goes around Comes around: Re-Emerging Themes in Sport and Exercise Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Maureen R.; Gill, Diane L.

    2005-01-01

    Sport and exercise psychology research appearing in Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport (RQES) over the past 75 years can be characterized by re-emerging themes--hot topics in the 1930s remain hot topics now. Re-emerging themes include sportsmanship/moral development, social development/significant others, self-perceptions,…

  20. Psychological resilience in sport performers: a review of stressors and protective factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, Mustafa; Fletcher, David

    2014-01-01

    Psychological resilience is important in sport because athletes must utilise and optimise a range of mental qualities to withstand the pressures that they experience. In this article, we discuss psychological resilience in sport performers via a review of the stressors athletes encounter and the protective factors that help them withstand these demands. It is hoped that synthesising what is known in these areas will help researchers gain a deeper profundity of resilience in sport, and also provide a rigorous and robust foundation for the development of a sport-specific measure of resilience. With these points in mind, we divided the narrative into two main sections. In the first section, we review the different types of stressors encountered by sport performers under three main categories: competitive, organisational and personal. Based on our recent research examining psychological resilience in Olympics champions, in the second section we discuss the five main families of psychological factors (viz. positive personality, motivation, confidence, focus, perceived social support) that protect the best athletes from the potential negative effect of stressors. It is anticipated that this review will help sport psychology researchers examine the interplay between stressors and protective factors, which will, in turn, focus the analytical lens on the processes underlying psychological resilience in athletes.

  1. Do psychological factors play a crucial role in sport performance? – Research on personality and psychological variables of athletes in Hungary

    OpenAIRE

    Gyomber, Noemi; Kovacs, Krisztina; Lenart, Agota

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Contemporary research aims to investigate background factors that contribute to successful sport performance. Of these factors the psychological well-being and mental health status should be underlined that have gained a significant role, particularly in the frames of sport psychological counseling. The aim of the present study is to seek for interrelations of psychological variables and sport performance of young athletes, and to reveal what advantages might be ut...

  2. Disciplinarity and sport science in Europe: A statistical and sociological study of ECSS conference abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Champely, Stéphane; Fargier, Patrick; Camy, Jean

    2017-02-01

    Abstracts of European College of Sports Science conferences (1995-2014) are studied. The number of abstracts has been increasing regularly (+90 per year). This rise is in recent years largely due to extra-European countries. The magnitude and accumulation of the different topics of discussion are examined. An operational criterion determines four stages of evolution of a topic: social network, cluster, specialty, and discipline. The scientific production can, therefore, be classified as disciplinary or non-disciplinary. The disciplinary part is more important but has been less dynamic recently. The cognitive content of sport science is then explored through a multidimensional scaling of the topics based on the keywords used in the abstracts. Three areas are visible: social sciences and humanities, sports medicine and physiology, and biomechanics and neurophysiology. According to the field theory of Bourdieu ( 1975 ), three scientific habitus are distinguished. The logic of academic disciplinary excellence is the consequence of the autonomy of this scientific field, its closure, peer-review process, and barriers to entry. The distribution of scientific capital and professional capital is unequal across the three areas. Basically, conservation strategies of academic disciplinary excellence are predicted in biomechanics and neurophysiology, subversion strategies of interdisciplinarity based on professional concerns can appear in the sports medicine and physiology area, and critical strategies of interdisciplinarity based on social utility in social sciences and humanities. Moreover, additional tensions within these areas are depicted. Lastly methods based on co-citations of disciplines and boundary objects are proposed to find tangible patterns of multidisciplinarity confirming these strategies.

  3. Psychology of Sport Injury: A Holistic Approach to Rehabilitating the Injured Athlete%Psychology of Sport Injury:A Holistic Approach to Rehabilitating the Injured Athlete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J. Jordan Hamson-Utley

    2010-01-01

    @@ Sports medicine practitioners must consider both physical and mental aspects of injury to fully rehabilitate the injured athlete. The psychological distress that follows injury has been well documented and calls for a change in the rehabilitation of injured athletes~ ([1-3]).

  4. Have University Sport Students Higher Scores Depression, Anxiety and Psychological Stress?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirel, Havva

    2016-01-01

    Multiple studies have now shown that people who maintain appropriate body fitness, using judicious regimens of exercise and weight control, have the additional benefit of prolonged life. In fact, sport or exercise may be also expected to be helpful for psychological health. In the present study, depression, anxiety and psychological stress points…

  5. A Social Identity Approach to Sport Psychology: Principles, Practice, and Prospects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Tim; Alexander Haslam, S; Coffee, Pete; Lavallee, David

    2015-08-01

    Drawing on social identity theory and self-categorization theory, we outline an approach to sport psychology that understands groups not simply as features of sporting contexts but rather as elements that can be, and often are, incorporated into a person's sense of self and, through this, become powerful determinants of their sport-related behavior. The underpinnings of this social identity approach are outlined, and four key lessons for sport that are indicative of the analytical and practical power of the approach are presented. These suggest that social identity is the basis for sports group (1) behavior, (2) formation and development, (3) support and stress appraisal, and (4) leadership. Building on recent developments within sport science, we outline an agenda for future research by identifying a range of topics to which the social identity approach could fruitfully contribute.

  6. The comparison of sports coaches’ pre-season, in-season and post-season leadership behaviours in terms of sport psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Turhan Toros; Melih Salman; İhsan Sarı

    2013-01-01

    This research aimed to compare sports coaches’ perceived leadership behaviours during a season (pre-season, in-season and post-season) in terms of sports psychology. A total of 232 permanent and contracted sports coaches who work for Provincial Directorates of Youth Services and Sports voluntarily participated to the research. Leadership for Sport Scale-LSS was used for data collection. The scale was applied to sports coaches three times (pre-season, in-season and post-season). Data was analy...

  7. The comparison of the psychological skills in sport trainers and recreational table tennis players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sindik Joško

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of the study was to compare the differences and correlations in psychological skills important for the sport achievement in two samples: 86 Croatian trainers of various sports and 86 recreational table tennis players, using adjusted Dutch Youth Version of the Psychological Skills Inventory for Sports (PSIS-Youth. The relationship among different psychological skills are established separately on each sample, according the education level, age, league, position on the ranking list, years of playing. The differences in psychological skills are analysed according to different independent variables. Separate correlation matrices for the sport trainers and recreational table tennis players indicate similar trends in both studied samples. Variables such as degree, age, rank of league, position on the ranking list, years of playing low correlated with psychological skills. Among all the tested psychological skills, motivation is the most important psychological skill that distinguishes athletes and coaches in most of the independent variables: coaches who have completed their athletic career voluntarily or because of lack of further ambitions have more pronounced motivation.

  8. The Relationship Among Fans’ Involvement, Psychological Commitment, and Loyalty in Professional Team Sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stavros Tachis

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Research on consumer behavior in leisure settings has proposed the relationship among involvement, psychological commitment and loyalty. Nonetheless, very little attention has been given to the conceptualization of the relationship among these constructs in a sport spectator context. The present study examined the relationship among involvement, psychological commitment, and two dimensions of loyalty, namely the attitudinal and behavioral loyalty of sport fans. The participants of this study were 800 soccer fans. The confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the multidimensional factor structure of the involvement scale which was developed for leisure participants by Kyle, Graefe, Manning and Bacon (2003. A structural equation modeling examined the proposed relationship model among involvement, commitment and loyalty. It was found that fans’ involvement affects psychological commitment. Psychological commitment, in turn, influences attitudinal loyalty, and eventually attitudinal loyalty has direct effects on behavioral loyalty. The findings of the study indicate the mechanism through which sport fans become loyal to their team. It is suggested that sport managers should develop involvement, psychological commitment and attitudinal loyalty through marketing strategies in order to maximize sport fans’ behavioral loyalty.

  9. Psychological skills training as a way to enhance an athlete's performance in high-intensity sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birrer, D; Morgan, G

    2010-10-01

    The importance of psychological skills training (PST) in the development of athletic performance is widely recognized. This paper is a comprehensive review of PST in elite sports, with a special focus on high-intensity sports (HIS). The reviewed literature showed a lack of convincing evidence and theoretical underpinning concerning traditional psychological skills to enhance performance in HIS. Therefore, a model with three conceptual levels (psychological demands, skills and techniques) is presented. The model facilitates the identification of the psychological demands of a specific sport, which in turn enables distinguishing which psychological skills are required. This allows an expert to choose psychological techniques to improve the athlete's psychological skill. Considerations based on our model and the limited HIS-related literature available revealed self-skills, personal development and life skills, arousal-regulation skills, volitional skills, motivational skills and recovery skills as the most important skills to address in order to enhance performance. Development of harmonious passion, in-practice integration of volitional strategies, use of associative attentional techniques, pain management techniques, use of the mindfulness-acceptance approach and the facilitative interpretation of cognitive and somatic sensations are regarded as suitable to meet the psychological demands of HIS. They are recommended for systematic application by athletes and coaches. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  10. How does sport psychology actually improve athletic performance? A framework to facilitate athletes' and coaches' understanding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, Chris J

    2010-09-01

    The popularity of sport psychology, both as an academic discipline and an applied practice, has grown substantially over the past two decades. Few within the realm of competitive athletics would argue with the importance of being mentally prepared prior to an athletic competition as well as the need to maintain that particular mindset during a competitive contest. Nevertheless, recent research has shown that many athletes, coaches, and sporting administrators are still quite reluctant to seek out the services of a qualified sport psychologist, even if they believe it could help. One of the primary reasons for this hesitation appears to be a lack of understanding about the process and the mechanisms by which these mental skills affect performance. Unlike the "harder sciences" of sport physiology and biochemistry where athletes can see the tangible results in themselves or other athletes (e.g., he or she lifted weights, developed larger muscles, and is now stronger/faster as a result), the unfamiliar and often esoteric nature of sport psychology appears to be impeding a large number of athletes from soliciting these important services. As such, the purpose of this article is to provide the reader with a simple framework depicting how mental skills training translates into improved within-competition performance. This framework is intended to help bridge the general "understanding gap" that is currently being reported by a large number of athletes and coaches, while also helping sport psychology practitioners sell their valuable services to individual athletes and teams.

  11. 对我国体育社会学研究若干问题的分析%An analysis of several issues in sports sociological research in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小英; 商执娜; 岳冀阳

    2014-01-01

    体育社会学学科建设距离科学化、学科化、规范化的目标还有差距。以体育社会学研究为切入点,针对体育社会学研究边界的困惑提出看法,并认为我国体育社会学理论体系只是形成了基本架构,指出体育社会学本土化研究的3个要点是理论研究、应用研究和借鉴研究。%The construction of the sports sociology discipline is still quite far away from the goals to make it scien-tific, to turn it into a discipline and to standardize it. Starting with sports sociological research, the authors put for-ward some opinions aiming at confusion about the boundary of sports sociological research, believed that only a ba-sic framework had been formed for the sports sociological theory system in China, and pointed out that 3 key areas in localized sports sociological research were theory research, application research and reference research.

  12. A Theoretical Explanation to the Phenomenon of Sports Based on the Theory of Western Body Sociology%西方身体社会学对体育现象的理论阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    The body sociology is a branch of Sociology ,which emphasizes the importance of the physical and mental experience in the individual and social life .Sports are the performances of the human bodies ;therefore the Body Sociology certainly can be interpretative to the phenomenon of sports .The aim of this article is to facilitate the sports scholars in China to develop a better un-derstanding to the Body Sociology ,thus to provide a theoretical perspective to explain the sports phenomenon through the summarization of the Western body sociological theory and the analysis to sports phenomenon based on its framework .%  身体社会学是社会学的一个分支,强调的是身体与心理经验在个体与社会生活中的重要地位,体育是身体的展演,身体社会学对于体育现象有一定的解释性,本文旨在通过对西方身体社会学的理论梳理以及西方身体社会学对体育现象的解析,使我国体育学者对身体社会学有完整的了解,为解释体育现象提供一种理论视角。

  13. Psychological balance in high level athletes: gender-based differences and sport-specific patterns.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karine Schaal

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Few epidemiological studies have focused on the psychological health of high level athletes. This study aimed to identify the principal psychological problems encountered within French high level athletes, and the variations in their prevalence based on sex and the sport practiced. METHODS: Multivariate analyses were conducted on nationwide data obtained from the athletes' yearly psychological evaluations. RESULTS: A representative sample of 13% of the French athlete population was obtained. 17% of athletes have at least one ongoing or recent disorder, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD being the most prevalent (6%, followed by non-specific eating disorders (4.2%. Overall, 20.2% of women had at least one psychopathology, against 15.1% in men. This female predominance applied to anxiety and eating disorders, depression, sleep problems and self-harming behaviors. The highest rates of GAD appeared in aesthetic sports (16.7% vs. 6.8% in other sports for men and 38.9% vs. 10.3% for women; the lowest prevalence was found in high risk sports athletes (3.0% vs. 3.5%. Eating disorders are most common among women in racing sports (14% vs. 9%, but for men were found mostly in combat sports (7% vs. 4.8%. DISCUSSION: This study highlights important differences in psychopathology between male and female athletes, demonstrating that the many sex-based differences reported in the general population apply to elite athletes. While the prevalence of psychological problems is no higher than in the general population, the variations in psychopathology in different sports suggest that specific constraints could influence the development of some disorders.

  14. Sociological Theory or Psychological Types: A Case Study of Attitudes to-wards Relationships

    OpenAIRE

    Watt, Laura; Elliot, Mark

    2014-01-01

    Sociological theories can be viewed as models of (sub)-populations. In this paper we explore the possibility of representing social theories as attitudinal types rather than as descriptions of society at large. To test this idea we investigate the relevance of four different theories of couple relationships to the attitudes of 18 to 30 year olds. Rather than testing these theories via aggregate social trends, we investigate the plausibility of treating the four social theories as attitudinal ...

  15. MEDIA: CAUSES AND STRATEGIES TO OVERCOME ISLAMOPHOBIA (PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY)

    OpenAIRE

    Ratna Istriyani

    2016-01-01

    A stereotype appears and describes that Islam is the cause of a series of terror. Therefore, some states are worried and suspicious toward Muslims (Islamophobia) up to the present. Islamophobia associated with negative prejudices against Muslims and Islam, and lead to construction of anti-Islam. Prejudice is based on a claim that Islam is an inferior religion and can threat the dominant values in society. The phenomenon of Islamophobia can be assessed by two perspectives: sociological and psy...

  16. Study the Attitude, Knowledge and Experience of Coaches of Karate Federation Islamic Republic Of Iran toward Sport Psychology Counseling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahnaz Sheikh Rahmati

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was study the attitude, knowledge and experience of coaches of Karate Federation Islamic Republic of Iran toward sport psychology counseling. For this purpose, 150 official coaches (75 women and 75 men of karate Federation of Islamic Republic of Iran who had grade 1 and 2 of certified coach and had participated in the senior Championships of Iran, championship adolescents of young people and under 21 years, national team qualifiers and teams participating in premier League, had participated in this research as individual. In order to collect the required information the researcher made and the research questionnaire Sports coaches on sports psychology was used. Research results by using a two variable Pearson correlation coefficient showed that there is meaningful relationship between experience and attitude to sport psychology consulting and as well as between knowledge and attitudes toward sport psychology consulting that is (p=0.001,p=0.001 respectively. also results of research using independent t-tests showed that there is not meaningful relationship between male and female attitudes towards sport psychology consulting (p=0.207 while there is meaningful difference between adult and youth educators' attitudes towards sports psychology counseling (p=0.001. It seems that according to common concerns that exist between coaches and athletes perhaps existence sport psychology can be effective to athletes and coaches in reducing stress and achieve the desired result.

  17. Role of Sports in the Development of an Individual and Role of Psychology in Sports*

    OpenAIRE

    Rakesh Ghildiyal

    2015-01-01

    Sports helps an individual much more than in the physical aspects alone. It builds character, teaches and develops strategic thinking, analytical thinking, leadership skills, goal setting and risk taking, just to name a few.

  18. Strategies for Using Pop Culture in Sport Psychology and Coaching Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Karen

    2012-01-01

    The use of pop culture as a tool for learning and instruction is paramount. Therefore, it is imperative for teachers to be aware of, and incorporate, trends that are popular and reflect the student experience. This article addresses the pop culture trends that can positively affect teaching, coaching education, and sport psychology practice.…

  19. Smocks and Jocks outside the Box: The Paradigmatic Evolution of Sport and Exercise Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vealey, Robin S.

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this article is to describe the historical development of sport and exercise psychology, with a particular emphasis on the construction and evolution of the "box" through history. The box represents the dominant paradigm that serves as the model for research and application as it evolves through successive historical eras (Kuhn,…

  20. INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS ACTIVITIES ON PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION LEVELS OF CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to determine whether regular application of physical education and sports activities was effective on psychological adaptation levels of children or not. The research group was constituted of 80 students in the range of 10-11 years old who take education in Ankara Keçioren Hacı Sabancı Secondary School. The research was designed as a test-module with pretest-posttest control group. Physical education and sports activities were performed with application group as 2 hours a day, 4 days a week throughout 20 weeks. The data were collected by Hacettepe Psychological Adaptation Scale. For the statistical evaluation of the data, SPSS 15.0 statistical software program was used and significance was tested at levels of 0.05 and 0.01. In accordance with findings of the research, while psychological adaptation levels of application and control groups showed similarity before physical education and sports activity program, significant differences in favour of application group were determined positively after 20-week program. In the light of findings, it can be significantly resulted from this research that physical education and sports activities might have positive effect on psychological adaptation levels of children.

  1. Strategies for Using Pop Culture in Sport Psychology and Coaching Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Karen

    2012-01-01

    The use of pop culture as a tool for learning and instruction is paramount. Therefore, it is imperative for teachers to be aware of, and incorporate, trends that are popular and reflect the student experience. This article addresses the pop culture trends that can positively affect teaching, coaching education, and sport psychology practice.…

  2. Psychological Momentum During and Across Sports Matches : Evidence for Interconnected Time Scales

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Den Hartigh, Ruud J.R.; Van Geert, Paul L.C.; Van Yperen, Nico W.; Cox, Ralf F.A; Gernigon, Christophe

    2016-01-01

    This study on psychological momentum (PM) in sports provides the first experimental test of an interconnection between short-term PM (during a match) and long-term PM (across a series of matches). Twenty-two competitive athletes were striving to win a prize during a rowing-ergometer tournament, cons

  3. How Does Sport Psychology Actually Improve Athletic Performance? A Framework to Facilitate Athletes' and Coaches' Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, Chris J.

    2010-01-01

    The popularity of sport psychology, both as an academic discipline and an applied practice, has grown substantially over the past two decades. Few within the realm of competitive athletics would argue with the importance of being mentally prepared prior to an athletic competition as well as the need to maintain that particular mindset during a…

  4. The Relevance of Sport and Exercise Psychology in Undergraduate Course Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, Christopher T.; Robbins, Jamie E.

    2015-01-01

    Given the growth of Sport and Exercise Psychology (SEP) in recent decades, and the interdisciplinary nature of research and practice in the field, it may be particularly relevant in undergraduate courses and textbooks. However, no studies to date have examined the relative presence of the field. Accordingly, a primary aim of the study described in…

  5. Studies Using Single-Subject Designs in Sport Psychology: 30 Years of Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, G. L.; Thompson, K.; Regehr, K.

    2004-01-01

    A prominent feature of behavior-analytic research has been the use of single-subject designs. We examined sport psychology journals and behavioral journals published during the past 30 years, and located 40 studies using single-subject designs to assess interventions for enhancing the performance of athletes and coaches. In this paper, we…

  6. Studies Using Single-Subject Designs in Sport Psychology: 30 Years of Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, G. L.; Thompson, K.; Regehr, K.

    2004-01-01

    A prominent feature of behavior-analytic research has been the use of single-subject designs. We examined sport psychology journals and behavioral journals published during the past 30 years, and located 40 studies using single-subject designs to assess interventions for enhancing the performance of athletes and coaches. In this paper, we…

  7. How Does Sport Psychology Actually Improve Athletic Performance? A Framework to Facilitate Athletes' and Coaches' Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, Chris J.

    2010-01-01

    The popularity of sport psychology, both as an academic discipline and an applied practice, has grown substantially over the past two decades. Few within the realm of competitive athletics would argue with the importance of being mentally prepared prior to an athletic competition as well as the need to maintain that particular mindset during a…

  8. Sport Psychology Service Provision: Preferences for Consultant Characteristics and Mode of Delivery among Elite Malaysian Athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vellapandian Ponnusamy, J. Robert Grove

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Factors relevant to the working alliance between athletes and sport psychology consultants were investigated in a sample of elite Malaysian athletes (n = 217. The athletes represented a variety of team and individual sports, and they provided information about the perceived importance of seven consultant characteristics/behaviors as well as seven program delivery options. At a full-sample level, general preferences were expressed for consultants to lead a physically active lifestyle, regularly attend training sessions and competitions, and have prior experience as an athlete or coach. General preferences were also expressed for program content to be determined by the coach or consultant, and for regular, small doses of mental skills training to be delivered in a face-to-face context throughout the year. At a sub-group level, team sport athletes had stronger preferences than individual sport athletes for program delivery on a group/team basis, while individual sport athletes had stronger preferences than team sport athletes for having a role in determining program content. Findings are discussed in relation to dominant value themes within Malaysian society and the reinforcement of these themes within specific sport subcultures.

  9. Sport Psychology Service Provision: Preferences for Consultant Characteristics and Mode of Delivery among Elite Malaysian Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponnusamy, Vellapandian; Grove, J. Robert

    2014-01-01

    Factors relevant to the working alliance between athletes and sport psychology consultants were investigated in a sample of elite Malaysian athletes (n = 217). The athletes represented a variety of team and individual sports, and they provided information about the perceived importance of seven consultant characteristics/behaviors as well as seven program delivery options. At a full-sample level, general preferences were expressed for consultants to lead a physically active lifestyle, regularly attend training sessions and competitions, and have prior experience as an athlete or coach. General preferences were also expressed for program content to be determined by the coach or consultant, and for regular, small doses of mental skills training to be delivered in a face-to-face context throughout the year. At a sub-group level, team sport athletes had stronger preferences than individual sport athletes for program delivery on a group/team basis, while individual sport athletes had stronger preferences than team sport athletes for having a role in determining program content. Findings are discussed in relation to dominant value themes within Malaysian society and the reinforcement of these themes within specific sport subcultures. Key points Consultant characteristics and program delivery methods have an impact on the effectiveness of sport psychology services. Preferred consultant characteristics and preferred methods of delivery may be affected by cultural and subcultural values. Elite Malaysian athletes prefer consultants to lead a physically active lifestyle; to regularly attend training/competition; and to have prior experience as an athlete or coach. Elite Malaysian athletes also prefer that the coach or consultant determine program content, and that mental skills training take place in a face-to-face context throughout the year. PMID:25177193

  10. Sport Psychology Service Provision: Preferences for Consultant Characteristics and Mode of Delivery among Elite Malaysian Athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponnusamy, Vellapandian; Grove, J Robert

    2014-09-01

    Factors relevant to the working alliance between athletes and sport psychology consultants were investigated in a sample of elite Malaysian athletes (n = 217). The athletes represented a variety of team and individual sports, and they provided information about the perceived importance of seven consultant characteristics/behaviors as well as seven program delivery options. At a full-sample level, general preferences were expressed for consultants to lead a physically active lifestyle, regularly attend training sessions and competitions, and have prior experience as an athlete or coach. General preferences were also expressed for program content to be determined by the coach or consultant, and for regular, small doses of mental skills training to be delivered in a face-to-face context throughout the year. At a sub-group level, team sport athletes had stronger preferences than individual sport athletes for program delivery on a group/team basis, while individual sport athletes had stronger preferences than team sport athletes for having a role in determining program content. Findings are discussed in relation to dominant value themes within Malaysian society and the reinforcement of these themes within specific sport subcultures. Key pointsConsultant characteristics and program delivery methods have an impact on the effectiveness of sport psychology services.Preferred consultant characteristics and preferred methods of delivery may be affected by cultural and subcultural values.Elite Malaysian athletes prefer consultants to lead a physically active lifestyle; to regularly attend training/competition; and to have prior experience as an athlete or coach.Elite Malaysian athletes also prefer that the coach or consultant determine program content, and that mental skills training take place in a face-to-face context throughout the year.

  11. MARKETING ORGANIZATION ACTIVITY IN SPORTS ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slobodan Župljanin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Sports organizations as "sui generis" organizations inevitably have to adopt the concept of marketing as a business philosophy, if you want to survive and develop its activities in the modern business environment. Supply and demand as the market, and psychological phenomena are inherent in sports organizations. Sport is a special area of human activity in which marketing has a specific place and role. Sports and sporting events are also a massive public and media events and high level of interest involving multi-million audience. Between direct and indirect participants of these events takes place appropriate communication sociological, psychological and marketing character. The aim of this paper is to present the possibility of more efficient operation of sports organizations using and adopting the marketing concept as a philosophy of action.

  12. 黔南民俗体育文化心态及特征%The Culture Psychology Characteristic about Folk Custom Sports in Qiannan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兴奇; 张曼婕

    2012-01-01

    According to ancient books, localethnography, research literatureand fieldwork, the paper has analyzed the culture of folk custom sports in Qiannan from cultural sociological and cultural psychological angle. Conclusion : the culture of folk custom sports in Qiannan includes four cultural types such as the sacrifice cultural type, the agricuhure cultural type, the festival cultural type and the entertainment cultural type, and possessed different culture psychological characteristics such as taking ethic seriously and tournament lightly, taking group seriously and individual lightly, three - position of God, person and self entertaiment.%运用查阅文献和田野调查等研究方法,从文化社会学和文化心理学等学科视域研究黔南民俗体育文化。研究发现,黔南民俗体育文化存在祭祀文化心态、农业文化心态、节庆文化心态和娱乐文化心态等4种文化类型,并有重伦理轻竞技、重群体轻个人、娱神娱人娱己三维并重等文化特征。

  13. Psychological and sport-specific characteristics of football players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junge, A; Dvorak, J; Rösch, D; Graf-Baumann, T; Chomiak, J; Peterson, L

    2000-01-01

    It is hypothesized that players of different levels of play might differ not only in their football skills but also in their way of playing football and with respect to psychological factors such as concentration, reaction time, or competitive anxiety. The psychological characteristics of a player might influence his way of playing football (in particular with respect to fair play) and also his risk of injury. A group of 588 football players were studied by questionnaire; additionally, reaction time tests were performed. Psychological characteristics were assessed by three established self-evaluation questionnaires: the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory, the State Competitive Anxiety Test, and the State-Trait-Anger-Expression-Inventory. Football-specific characteristics that were investigated included playing experience and positions played, style of play, number of training hours and games, as well as aspects of fair play. Reaction time was tested twice: without the influence of physical exercise and immediately after a 12-minute run. A significant reduction in reaction time was observed after physical exercise. In high-level players, the reaction time immediately after the 12-minute run was significantly shorter than it was in low-level players. The questionnaire answers given regarding fair play clearly indicated that fair play is not paid sufficient respect. The relationship between psychological characteristics and attitudes toward fair play was analyzed and discussed.

  14. A Psychological Consideration of Sexual Activity Impact upon Sporting Performance: an Overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peirooz SayfollahPour

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The question of sexual activity prior to an event is a popular subject amongst athletes. No genuine answer to date has been established about the influence of sexual activity on athletic performance. The purpose of the present study was to review the literature regarding sexual activity effect on sporting performance from psychological perspective. The study was of non-empirical and descriptive one taking archival materials and first and second hand information into consideration. Due to cultural and ethical consideration, there was no empirical study found in Iran. Hence, we reviewed non-empirical and empirical studies carried out overseas. Overall, it was found there were scarcity and diversity of the opinions in the literature .So, the implications of the study will help sport psychologists, coaches, and academicians have a deep insight into sexual activity impact upon sporting performance. Finally, it is suggested academicians and practitioners seize the opportunity to study the subject which is still at an embryonic stage.

  15. Developing a transnational career in sport psychology – a student perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ronkainen, Noora; Lee, Sae-Mi; Serra de Queiroz, Fernanda

    2013-01-01

    on our experiences through three short stories, we aim to offer insight into how transnational career development shaped (continues to shape) us as young professionals in the field. Our three short stories will illustrate how our transnational education affected us in the past, the present and future...... culture that continues to stay the same. Developing a transnational career changed how we understood ourselves and the sport and exercise psychology profession. We will end our discussion by offering recommendations to students, faculty and organizations....... limited, but the experiences of students who pursue transnational careers have also never been addressed. All three authors received the majority of their education in sport psychology abroad; in Australia, Finland, Denmark, Germany, the United Kingdom, United States of America and Greece. By reflecting...

  16. New directions in the psychology of optimal performance in sport: flow and clutch states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swann, Christian; Crust, Lee; Vella, Stewart A

    2017-08-01

    Csikszentmihalyi's conceptualisation of flow is the primary framework for understanding the psychology of optimal experience and performance in sport. However, emerging evidence suggests a more dynamic, multi-state perspective. This review focuses primarily on recent studies highlighting a second, overlapping 'clutch' state which - in addition to flow - underlies optimal performance in sport. We also examine how the nature of goals ('open' or 'fixed') athletes pursue influence the experience of flow and clutch respectively. This new, integrated model of psychological states underlying optimal performance raises questions around conceptualisation and methodology employed in the field to date. These implications are outlined, and recommendations are provided for more critical and accurate measurement of both flow and clutch as overlapping, yet distinct, states. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Sport and exercise psychology research and Olympic success: an analytical and correlational investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szabo, Attila

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the current inquiry was to identify the national origin of scholars who lead the work in the area of Sport and Exercise Psychology, and to examine whether their research output is connected to the Olympic success of their national athletes. Consequently, the two specialised journals with the highest impact factors in this field were examined for the origin of publications throughout 11 years for authors' national affiliations. Subsequently, the link between national research output and Olympic medals was examined. The results revealed that over 50% of the publications originate from Canada, the U.K. and the U.S.A. National research output in Sport and Exercise Psychology was correlated with the number of Olympic medals; the proportion of shared variance was 42% and 57%, respectively, in the two journals. Nevertheless, it is posited that the observed link is primarily due to other factors that ought to be examined in future research.

  18. Re-imagining motor imagery: building bridges between cognitive neuroscience and sport psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, Aidan; Guillot, Aymeric; Macintyre, Tadhg; Collet, Christian

    2012-05-01

    One of the most remarkable capacities of the mind is its ability to simulate sensations, actions, and other types of experience. A mental simulation process that has attracted recent attention from cognitive neuroscientists and sport psychologists is motor imagery or the mental rehearsal of actions without engaging in the actual physical movements involved. Research on motor imagery is important in psychology because it provides an empirical window on consciousness and movement planning, rectifies a relative neglect of non-visual types of mental imagery, and has practical implications for skill learning and skilled performance in special populations (e.g., athletes, surgeons). Unfortunately, contemporary research on motor imagery is hampered by a variety of semantic, conceptual, and methodological issues that prevent cross-fertilization of ideas between cognitive neuroscience and sport psychology. In this paper, we review these issues, suggest how they can be resolved, and sketch some potentially fruitful new directions for inter-disciplinary research in motor imagery.

  19. Psychological Factors in the Development of Football-Talent from the Perspective of an Integrative Sport-Talent Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orosz, Robert; Mezo, Ferenc

    2015-01-01

    This study presents a new, integrative model of sports talent. Following the theoretical part of the study a football-talent research is presented, in which a theoretical framework is provided by this new theory of sports talent. This research examines the role of psychological factors in football talent development. The sample was N = 425…

  20. Psychology of Supplementation in Sport and Exercise: Motivational Antecedents and Biobehavioral Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lutz, Rafer; Arent, Shawn

    Research concerning the physiological and biobehavioral effects of supplements commonly used in sport or exercise settings has multiplied rapidly over the last decade. However, less attention has been directed to understanding the motivational pathways leading to sport and exercise supplement use. This chapter summarizes known usage rates for sport/fitness supplements and describes motivational theories and constructs that may be of use for understanding individuals' use of these substances. In this respect, we contend that researchers should consider behavioral approaches, the theory of planned behavior, balance theory, achievement goal theory, social physique anxiety, and muscle dysmorphia as useful for developing an understanding of the psychological influences on supplement use. For some of the latter theories/constructs, research has already shown support for their explanatory abilities, whereas research is scant and the utility for understanding sport/exercise supplement use is yet to be determined for many of the theories. In addition to describing the motivation behind supplement use, this chapter summarizes the biobehavioral effects of a select group of supplements commonly used to improve performance, fitness, or health. Specifically, we consider psychobiological effects of caffeine, creatine, Ginkgo biloba, and St. John's wort related to enhanced arousal, improved memory and cognition, enhanced brain function and protection, and reduced depression. There is promising initial evidence for the efficacy of these compounds in producing favorable psychological outcomes, although certain shortcomings of many studies on these compounds must be taken into account before reaching definitive conclusions.

  1. "Riding the Wave": Transforming Sport and Exercise Psychology within an Interdisciplinary Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Maureen R.

    2008-01-01

    A metaphor of "riding the wave" is used as a means of envisioning the future of sport and exercise psychology given what we know about past and present waves in the field. First, I review the waves of the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s to understand critical issues in the field and to evaluate the waves as smooth, choppy, or turbulent today. Second,…

  2. Psychological need thwarting in the sport context: assessing the darker side of athletic experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartholomew, Kimberley J; Ntoumanis, Nikos; Ryan, Richard M; Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Cecilie

    2011-02-01

    Research in self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2002) has shown that satisfaction of autonomy, competence, and relatedness needs in sport contexts is associated with enhanced engagement, performance, and well-being. This article outlines the initial development of a multidimensional measure designed to assess psychological need thwarting, an under-studied area of conceptual and practical importance. Study 1 generated a pool of items designed to tap the negative experiential state that occurs when athletes perceive their needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness to be actively undermined. Study 2 tested the factorial structure of the questionnaire using confirmatory factor analysis. The supported model comprised 3 factors, which represented the hypothesized interrelated dimensions of need thwarting. The model was refined and cross-validated using an independent sample in Study 3. Overall, the psychological need thwarting scale (PNTS) demonstrated good content, factorial, and predictive validity, as well as internal consistency and invariance across gender, sport type, competitive level, and competitive experience. The conceptualization of psychological need thwarting is discussed, and suggestions are made regarding the use of the PNTS in research pertaining to the darker side of sport participation.

  3. Sociological and psychological predictors of STD infection in homosexual men: a study of four countries.

    OpenAIRE

    Ross, M W

    1984-01-01

    I investigated over 600 homosexual men in four countries (Sweden, Finland, Ireland, and Australia) regarding the number of times they had contracted a sexually transmitted disease (STD) and several psychological variables including masculinity and feminity, sex role conservatism, relationships with parents, number of sexual partners, attitudes towards homosexuality, and involvement in the homosexual subculture. Using multiple linear regression in each country, it was found that 19-42% of the ...

  4. 情景教学在体育社会学课堂中的应用研究%A Study on the Situational Teaching in the Sport Sociology Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪峰; 肖锋; 苏新荣

    2012-01-01

    This artical studys the practical requirement、teaching application about situational teaching in the sport sociology classroom.It concludes the situational teaching suits the students and classroom requirement,and also the sport humanity course in higher sport eduction.The situational teaching in sport sociology classroom include six types: problem、story、life、action、multi-media and activity.It constructs the different teaching situation in the light of the sport sociology contents.%对情景教学在体育社会学课堂中的实践需求、教学应用进行了研究,认为情景教学适合现代高等体育院校学生的特点和课堂需求,也适合偏重理论讲授的体育人文社科课程。体育社会学课堂上的情景教学主要有问题情景、故事情景、生活情景、动作表演情景、多媒体情景、活动情景六种,并根据体育社会学的内容设创设了相应的课堂教学情景。

  5. Divorce in Russian Sociological and Social Psychological Research on Family Relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kletsina I.S.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article presents social psychоlogical analysis of publications that focus on divorce situations in official marriages and explore its causes and consequences both for spouses and children. It is argued that the key factor in separation is a socio-psychological phenomenon called 'unconstructive marital relationships'. The partnership model described in the article, on the contrary, may serve as a normative basis contributing to the stabilization of marital relationships. While most publications conceptualize divorce as a collapse and split of family relationship, the article suggests interpreting divorces rather as a transformation stage in spousal and parentchild relationships.

  6. Local environmental grassroots activism: contributions from environmental psychology, sociology and politics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihaylov, Nikolay L; Perkins, Douglas D

    2015-03-23

    Local environmental grassroots activism is robust and globally ubiquitous despite the ebbs and flows of the general environmental movement. In this review we synthesize social movement, environmental politics, and environmental psychology literatures to answer the following questions: How does the environment emerge as a topic for community action and how a particular environmental discourse (preservation, conservation, public health, Deep Ecology, justice, localism and other responses to modernization and development) becomes dominant? How does a community coalesce around the environmental issue and its particular framing? What is the relationship between local and supralocal (regional, national, global) activism? We contrast "Not in My Back Yard" (NIMBY) activism and environmental liberation and discuss the significance of local knowledge and scale, nature as an issue for activism, place attachment and its disruption, and place-based power inequalities. Environmental psychology contributions to established scholarship on environmental activism are proposed: the components of place attachment are conceptualized in novel ways and a continuous dweller and activist place attachment is elaborated.

  7. Local Environmental Grassroots Activism: Contributions from Environmental Psychology, Sociology and Politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihaylov, Nikolay L.; Perkins, Douglas D.

    2015-01-01

    Local environmental grassroots activism is robust and globally ubiquitous despite the ebbs and flows of the general environmental movement. In this review we synthesize social movement, environmental politics, and environmental psychology literatures to answer the following questions: How does the environment emerge as a topic for community action and how a particular environmental discourse (preservation, conservation, public health, Deep Ecology, justice, localism and other responses to modernization and development) becomes dominant? How does a community coalesce around the environmental issue and its particular framing? What is the relationship between local and supralocal (regional, national, global) activism? We contrast “Not in My Back Yard” (NIMBY) activism and environmental liberation and discuss the significance of local knowledge and scale, nature as an issue for activism, place attachment and its disruption, and place-based power inequalities. Environmental psychology contributions to established scholarship on environmental activism are proposed: the components of place attachment are conceptualized in novel ways and a continuous dweller and activist place attachment is elaborated. PMID:25806672

  8. A systematic review of the psychological and social benefits of participation in sport for adults: informing development of a conceptual model of health through sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eime, Rochelle M; Young, Janet A; Harvey, Jack T; Charity, Melanie J; Payne, Warren R

    2013-12-07

    The definition of health incorporates the physical, social and mental domains, however the Physical Activity (PA) guidelines do not address social health. Furthermore, there is insufficient evidence about the levels or types of PA associated specifically with psychological health. This paper first presents the results of a systematic review of the psychological and social health benefits of participation in sport by adults. Secondly, the information arising from the systematic review has been used to develop a conceptual model of Health through Sport. A systematic review of 14 electronic databases was conducted in June 2012, and studies published since 1990 were considered for inclusion. Studies that addressed mental and/or social health benefits from participation in sport were included. A total of 3668 publications were initially identified, of which 11 met the selection criteria. There were many different psychological and social health benefits reported, with the most commonly being wellbeing and reduced distress and stress. Sport may be associated with improved psychosocial health in addition to improvements attributable to participation in PA. Specifically, club-based or team-based sport seems to be associated with improved health outcomes compared to individual activities, due to the social nature of the participation. Notwithstanding this, individuals who prefer to participate in sport by themselves can still derive mental health benefits which can enhance the development of true-self-awareness and personal growth which is essential for social health. A conceptual model, Health through Sport, is proposed. The model depicts the relationship between psychological, psychosocial and social health domains, and their positive associations with sport participation, as reported in the literature. However, it is acknowledged that the capacity to determine the existence and direction of causal links between participation and health is limited by the cross

  9. A systematic review of the psychological and social benefits of participation in sport for adults: informing development of a conceptual model of health through sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background The definition of health incorporates the physical, social and mental domains, however the Physical Activity (PA) guidelines do not address social health. Furthermore, there is insufficient evidence about the levels or types of PA associated specifically with psychological health. This paper first presents the results of a systematic review of the psychological and social health benefits of participation in sport by adults. Secondly, the information arising from the systematic review has been used to develop a conceptual model of Health through Sport. Methods A systematic review of 14 electronic databases was conducted in June 2012, and studies published since 1990 were considered for inclusion. Studies that addressed mental and/or social health benefits from participation in sport were included. Results A total of 3668 publications were initially identified, of which 11 met the selection criteria. There were many different psychological and social health benefits reported, with the most commonly being wellbeing and reduced distress and stress. Sport may be associated with improved psychosocial health in addition to improvements attributable to participation in PA. Specifically, club-based or team-based sport seems to be associated with improved health outcomes compared to individual activities, due to the social nature of the participation. Notwithstanding this, individuals who prefer to participate in sport by themselves can still derive mental health benefits which can enhance the development of true-self-awareness and personal growth which is essential for social health. A conceptual model, Health through Sport, is proposed. The model depicts the relationship between psychological, psychosocial and social health domains, and their positive associations with sport participation, as reported in the literature. However, it is acknowledged that the capacity to determine the existence and direction of causal links between participation and health is

  10. A systematic review of the psychological and social benefits of participation in sport for children and adolescents: informing development of a conceptual model of health through sport

    OpenAIRE

    Eime, Rochelle M.; Young, Janet A; Harvey, Jack T; Charity, Melanie J.; Payne, Warren R.

    2013-01-01

    Background There are specific guidelines regarding the level of physical activity (PA) required to provide health benefits. However, the research underpinning these PA guidelines does not address the element of social health. Furthermore, there is insufficient evidence about the levels or types of PA associated specifically with psychological health. This paper first presents the results of a systematic review of the psychological and social health benefits of participation in sport by childr...

  11. Nurturing Sport Expertise: Factors Influencing the Development of Elite Athlete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Joseph; Horton, Sean; Robertson-Wilson, Jennifer; Wall, Michael

    2003-01-01

    The development of expertise in sport is the result of successful interaction of biological, psychological, and sociological constraints. This review examines the training and environmental factors that influence the acquisition of sport expertise. Research examining the quality and quantity of training indicate that these two elements are crucial predictors of attainment. In addition, the possession of resources such as parental support and adequate coaching are essential. Social factors such as cultural influences and the relative age effect are also considered as determinants of sport expertise. Although it is evident that environmental factors are essential to the acquisition of high levels of sport development, further research is clearly required. PMID:24616603

  12. NURTURING SPORT EXPERTISE: FACTORS INFLUENCING THE DEVELOPMENT OF ELITE ATHLETE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Wall

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available The development of expertise in sport is the result of successful interaction of biological, psychological, and sociological constraints. This review examines the training and environmental factors that influence the acquisition of sport expertise. Research examining the quality and quantity of training indicate that these two elements are crucial predictors of attainment. In addition, the possession of resources such as parental support and adequate coaching are essential. Social factors such as cultural influences and the relative age effect are also considered as determinants of sport expertise. Although it is evident that environmental factors are essential to the acquisition of high levels of sport development, further research is clearly required

  13. A systematic review of the psychological and social benefits of participation in sport for children and adolescents: informing development of a conceptual model of health through sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eime, Rochelle M; Young, Janet A; Harvey, Jack T; Charity, Melanie J; Payne, Warren R

    2013-08-15

    There are specific guidelines regarding the level of physical activity (PA) required to provide health benefits. However, the research underpinning these PA guidelines does not address the element of social health. Furthermore, there is insufficient evidence about the levels or types of PA associated specifically with psychological health. This paper first presents the results of a systematic review of the psychological and social health benefits of participation in sport by children and adolescents. Secondly, the information arising from the systematic review has been used to develop a conceptual model. A systematic review of 14 electronic databases was conducted in June 2012, and studies published since 1990 were considered for inclusion. Studies that addressed mental and/or social health benefits from participation in sport were included. A total of 3668 publications were initially identified, of which 30 met the selection criteria. There were many different psychological and social health benefits reported, with the most commonly being improved self-esteem, social interaction followed by fewer depressive symptoms. Sport may be associated with improved psychosocial health above and beyond improvements attributable to participation in PA. Specifically, team sport seems to be associated with improved health outcomes compared to individual activities, due to the social nature of the participation. A conceptual model, Health through Sport, is proposed. The model depicts the relationship between psychological, psychosocial and social health domains, and their positive associations with sport participation, as reported in the literature. However, it is acknowledged that the capacity to determine the existence and direction of causal links between participation and health is limited by the fact that the majority of studies identified (n=21) were cross-sectional. It is recommended that community sport participation is advocated as a form of leisure time PA for children

  14. A systematic review of the psychological and social benefits of participation in sport for children and adolescents: informing development of a conceptual model of health through sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background There are specific guidelines regarding the level of physical activity (PA) required to provide health benefits. However, the research underpinning these PA guidelines does not address the element of social health. Furthermore, there is insufficient evidence about the levels or types of PA associated specifically with psychological health. This paper first presents the results of a systematic review of the psychological and social health benefits of participation in sport by children and adolescents. Secondly, the information arising from the systematic review has been used to develop a conceptual model. Methods A systematic review of 14 electronic databases was conducted in June 2012, and studies published since 1990 were considered for inclusion. Studies that addressed mental and/or social health benefits from participation in sport were included. Results A total of 3668 publications were initially identified, of which 30 met the selection criteria. There were many different psychological and social health benefits reported, with the most commonly being improved self-esteem, social interaction followed by fewer depressive symptoms. Sport may be associated with improved psychosocial health above and beyond improvements attributable to participation in PA. Specifically, team sport seems to be associated with improved health outcomes compared to individual activities, due to the social nature of the participation. A conceptual model, Health through Sport, is proposed. The model depicts the relationship between psychological, psychosocial and social health domains, and their positive associations with sport participation, as reported in the literature. However, it is acknowledged that the capacity to determine the existence and direction of causal links between participation and health is limited by the fact that the majority of studies identified (n=21) were cross-sectional. Conclusion It is recommended that community sport participation is advocated as a

  15. Analysis of sociodemographic, sport and psychological profile in a rock-climbing experience on university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Morilla Portela

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The relationships among several psychological factors in rock climbing was proved a long time ago, nevertheless, most researches are limited to very artificial situations, far away from nature. There are few studies which have carried out this kind of investigation in the natural environment and have combined data collection with real rock climbing practice. The instruments used for this data collection were two questionnaires: CSAI-2 and another one specifically designed to gather the necessary information about sociodemographic characteristic and sport habits. In our work we have studied various individuals’ features (sociodemographic, general sport and outdoor profiles and we have confirmed how they are interrelated and their influence on several psychological factors (cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence. Through this article we show that there are higher percentages of women than men participants who climb IV-V grade, whereas in higher grades the percentages equalize. Regarding psychological factors, we can notice how on the one hand those participants who climb higher grades and are more interested in rock climbing, feel lower cognitive anxiety and somatic anxiety, while on the other hand they feel higher self-confidence levels

  16. The comparison of sports coaches’ pre-season, in-season and post-season leadership behaviours in terms of sport psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turhan Toros

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to compare sports coaches’ perceived leadership behaviours during a season (pre-season, in-season and post-season in terms of sports psychology. A total of 232 permanent and contracted sports coaches who work for Provincial Directorates of Youth Services and Sports voluntarily participated to the research. Leadership for Sport Scale-LSS was used for data collection. The scale was applied to sports coaches three times (pre-season, in-season and post-season. Data was analysed by descriptive statistics and variance analysis. If the variance analysis is significant at 0.05 level, Benferonni analysis was used as a post-hoc test. According to variance analysis there is a significant difference for democratic behaviour [F (2,462=3.723;p<0.025], training and instruction behaviour [F (2,462=6.523;p<0.000] and social support behaviour [F (2,462=7.925;p<0.000]. Moreover, there was not any significant difference for autocratic behaviour [F (2,462=1.765;p>0.166] and positive feedback behaviour [F (2,462=2.671;p>0.086]. To sum up, it could be said that sports coaches leadership behaviours could differ among seasons.

  17. The comparison of sports coaches’ pre-season, in-season and post-season leadership behaviours in terms of sport psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İhsan Sarı

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to compare sports coaches’ perceived leadership behaviours during a season (pre-season, in-season and post-season in terms of sports psychology. A total of 232 permanent and contracted sports coaches who work for Provincial Directorates of Youth Services and Sports voluntarily participated to the research. Leadership for Sport Scale-LSS was used for data collection. The scale was applied to sports coaches three times (pre-season, in-season and post-season. Data was analysed by descriptive statistics and variance analysis. If the variance analysis is significant at 0.05 level, Benferonni analysis was used as a post-hoc test.According to variance analysis there is a significant difference for democratic behaviour [F (2,462=3.723;p0.166] and positive feedback behaviour [F (2,462=2.671;p>0.086].To sum up, it could be said that sports coaches leadership behaviours could differ among seasons.

  18. 体育社会互动:体育社会学的一个基本概念%Sports social interaction: a basic concept in sport sociology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永保

    2012-01-01

      Studying sport social phenomena must be started with establishing concepts. The author developed the lower concept of social interaction in sport sociology, named it as sports social interaction, and defined its connota-tion as “social communication activities in sports cultural activities, engaged in by people via certain channels and by following corresponding norms in order to satisfy and realize their certain needs and interests”. The author elaborated the constituent elements, main types and practical significance of sport social interaction respectively in such aspects as satisfying individual needs, passing on sports information, promoting resource sharing and boosting social communication, by basing the standards on the number, group identity, activities, interaction purposes and in-teraction manners, from the perspective of such links as activist, goal, carrier, norm and environment.%  研究体育社会现象必须从建立概念入手,把社会互动在体育社会学中的下位概念开发命名为体育社会互动,并将其内涵界定为“在体育文化活动中,人们为了满足和实现自身的某种需求和利益,通过一定的途径并遵循相应的规范所进行的社会交往活动”。从行动者、目标、载体、规范和环境等环节,以行动者的人数规模、群体归属、活动项目、互动目的和互动方式等为标准,从满足个体需求、传递体育信息、促成资源共享和增进社会交往等方面,分别对体育社会互动的构成要素、主要类型和实践意义进行阐述

  19. The mediating role of psychological need satisfaction in relationships between types of passion for sport and athlete burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, Thomas; Appleton, Paul R; Hill, Andrew P; Hall, Howard K

    2013-01-01

    Research indicates that obsessive and harmonious passion can explain variability in burnout through various mediating processes (e.g., Vallerand, Paquet, Phillippe, & Charest, 2010). The current study extended previous research (Curran, Appleton, Hill, & Hall, 2011; Gustafsson, Hassmén, & Hassmén, 2011) by testing a model in which the effects of passion for sport on athlete burnout were mediated by psychological need satisfaction. One hundred and seventy-three academy soccer players completed self-report measures of passion for sport, psychological need satisfaction, and athlete burnout. Results indicated that psychological need satisfaction mediated the relationship between harmonious passion and athlete burnout but not obsessive passion and athlete burnout. The findings indicate that the inverse relationship between harmonious passion and burnout can be explained by higher levels of psychological need satisfaction. However, this was not the case for obsessive passion, which was not associated with psychological need satisfaction or most symptoms of athlete burnout.

  20. Analysis of Theses Written for Sports Humanistic Sociology Degree in the Human Sports Humanistic Sociology in China%对我国7672篇体育人文社会学硕士学位论文的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学军

    2012-01-01

    以我国2002—2011年期间产出的7 672篇体育人文社会学学位论文为研究样本,从论文选题、研究对象、研究方法、论文研究成果的应用价值等方面进行分析,总结我国体育人文社会学硕士学位论文的特点和变化趋势。结果显示:随着我国体育人文社会学科的发展,体育人文社会硕士学位总体呈上升趋势,涉及到体育人文社会学的各个领域,研究范围逐年拓宽,其方法多样、研究性质从基础性研究向应用性研究和开发性研究转变;基本上体现了体育的人文精神和人文价值,而且有鲜明的时代性、人文性、创新性和应用性特征。%By basing their research specimens on theses written for a Master of Science degree in the human sports humanistic sociology in China between 2002and 2011 in China,the authors analyzed these theses in terms of thesis topicselection,thesis research subjects,thesis research methods,and application value of thesis research achievements,summed up the characteristics and changing trend of these theses,and revealed the following findings: With the development of sports humanities and social sciences,Master of Sports Humanities and Social overall upward trend,related to various fields of sports humanities and sociology,the study year by year to broaden its diverse methods,research-from basic research to applied researchchange and development;basically embodies the human spirit and humanistic value of sports,but also revealed era,humanity,innovation and applied.

  1. Psychological fundament of reducing of sportsmen’s mistaken actions of fire-applied sport during competition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mykola Krasnokutskyi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to identify individual psychological characteristics which compensate the impact of psychological determinants of erroneous actions of fire applied sport athletes. Material and Methods: the study involved 102 fire applied sport athletes from the age of 17 to 30. We used the following methods of psycho-diagnosis "Investigation of anxiety" (auth. Ch. D. Spielberg. Adapted version by Y. L. Hanin; test "Proof Test" by B. Bourdon; method "Intellectual liability"; technique "Prediction"; "Tapping test". Results: the results of research present solving a scientific problem what appears in the disclosure of subjective determinants of erroneous athlete’s actions. Conclusions: the complex of individual psychological characteristics of fire applied sport athletes makes it possible to optimize their training process and reduce the likelihood of errors during the competition.

  2. SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS AND SPORT. PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE INTERACTION BETWEEN COGNITIVE, AFFECTIVE-EMOTIONAL AND MOTOR AREA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fedele Termini

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The practice of sport, intended not just as a physical activity performed exclusively for athletic competition, represents a key element for growth on an emotional and social level. Practicing sports can help to enhance one’s self- and body awareness through multidimensional dynamic and ludic activity. In this context, sport becomes an educational and training tool, and is often a forerunner of social change. Sports practice combining physical activity with recreational activity, can, in fact, promote health and longevity, as well as physical and psychological wellbeing. As highlighted by the European Union, sport is also a source of social inclusion, and an excellent tool for the integration of minorities and groups at risk of social exclusion.

  3. 心理学知识在体育中的应用%The Application of Psychology Knowledge in Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文瑾

    2013-01-01

    In modern times, all walks of life are in the rapid development, sports science and technology are developing too, people have already started to use psychology in sports science. Sports psychology in sports teaching and its application in the training and athletic competition were introduced in this paper, hoping to inspire the readers for the sports psychology in the sports teaching and application in the training and athletic competition.%在当代,各行各业都在飞速发展,体育运动科学技术也在不断的飞跃发展,人们已经开始在体育学中开始运用心理学。本文介绍了体育心理学在体育教学与在训练和竞技比赛中的应用,希望能够使体育心理学在体育教学与在训练和竞技比赛中的应用方面给读者以启发。

  4. Body dissatisfaction, psychological commitment to exercise and eating behavior in young athletes from aesthetic sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of inadequate eating behavior is high in athletes. However, little is known about the factors that affect this phenomenon in this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of body dissatisfaction and level of psychological commitment to exercise (LPCE with inadequate eating behavior in young athletes from aesthetic sports. Forty-seven female athletes practicing aesthetic sports (artistic gymnastics, synchronized swimming and high diving, ranging in age from 12 to 16 years, participated in the study. The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26, Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ and Commitment to Exercise Scale (CES were used to evaluate the risk behavior for eating disorders, body dissatisfaction and LPCE, respectively. Skinfold thickness was measured to calculate body fat percentage of the athletes. The results revealed a significant association between body dissatisfaction and eating behavior and between LPCE and risk behavior for eating disorders. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that all variables, except for fat percentage, influenced the eating behavior of young athletes. This analysis also indicated an influence of body fat percentage and body dissatisfaction on CES scores. It was concluded that body dissatisfaction and LPCE are factors that predispose to risky eating behaviors in athletes from aesthetic sports.

  5. Preliminary investigation into sport and exercise psychology consultants' views and experiences of an interprofessional care team approach to sport injury rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arvinen-Barrow, Monna; Clement, Damien

    2017-01-01

    Sport injury rehabilitation has moved from predominately physical treatment to a more holistic care. However, limited research has explored the views and experiences of those involved in such an approach. The purpose of this study was to preliminarily investigate sport psychology consultants' (SPCs') views and experiences of an interprofessional team approach to sport injury rehabilitation. A cross-sectional online survey previously used with athletic trainers was distributed via a US-based sport/exercise psychology list-serve (N = 1245). A total of 62 (27 men, 35 women, M age 38.2 years, age range: 22-73 years) participants with 10.6 (SD = 9.8) years of experience as an SPC were included in the final analyses. On average, SPCs felt that it was very important (M = 6.6; SD = 0.6) for athletes to have access to an interprofessional care team. Of the sample, 64.5% (n = 40) typically worked as part of an interprofessional care team 44.7% of the time. The SPCs (n = 28; 45.2%) also indicated that the primary treatment providers (e.g., athletic trainer, physical therapist) were typically serving as the primary point person for such teams. Since gaining entry to sport medicine can be an area SPCs struggle with, building effective working relationships with treatment providers can help promote and increase SPCs involvement in providing holistic, interprofessional care to athletes with injuries. To ensure athletes' successful biopsychosocial return to sport, different individuals and professionals should work together for the benefit of the athlete by adopting holistic care during sports injury rehabilitation.

  6. Who is to Blame on July 22, 2011? Psychological and Sociological Blame Frames in the Reporting of Anders Breivik in the Dutch Speaking Broadsheet Press

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mertens Stefan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available On July 22, 2011 Anders Breivik murdered a large amount of people in Norway. In this study we investigate a sample of articles that were published about Breivik and his deeds in the Flemish and Dutch press. We will investigate these articles looking for the so-called “attribution of responsibility frame.” The murders from Breivik could be explained psychologically (“he is insane” as well as sociologically (far-right political parties are responsible because of having spread hate speech. We present a typology of subtypes of frames. We will furthermore investigate how many times these types of frames occur in different media outlets.

  7. Sport participation and its association with social and psychological factors known to predict substance use and abuse among youth: A scoping review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    Clark, Heather J.; Camiré, Martin; Wade, Terrance J.; Cairney, John

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT This article presents the results of a scoping review of the sport literature (2000–2014) on psychological and social outcomes relevant to youth alcohol and illicit drug use. Prior reviews report that sport is related to increased alcohol use and reduced illicit drug use among youth, yet provide little guidance regarding the mechanisms that can explain this relationship. We reviewed the literature on sport participation and psychological and social outcomes to identify factors that c...

  8. Sport participation and its association with social and psychological factors known to predict substance use and abuse among youth: A scoping review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    Clark, Heather J.; Camiré, Martin; Wade, Terrance J; CAIRNEY, JOHN

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT This article presents the results of a scoping review of the sport literature (2000–2014) on psychological and social outcomes relevant to youth alcohol and illicit drug use. Prior reviews report that sport is related to increased alcohol use and reduced illicit drug use among youth, yet provide little guidance regarding the mechanisms that can explain this relationship. We reviewed the literature on sport participation and psychological and social outcomes to identify factors that c...

  9. Investigation of the relationship between aggression levels and basic psychological needs school of physical education and sports students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Çağrı Çetin

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The search has been made for fixing if it varies or not regarding some variations aggressive levels and basic psychological needs of physical education and sports school students; and for if it has any relationship between aggression tendency and basic psychological need of the students. The research has been made in the year of 2010-2011 Education and Teaching. The students chosen by random sampling method (female students: 138, male students: 233 and totally: 371 participated to the searching from those majoring in the University of Mustafa Kemal Physical Education and Sports School, Physical Education and Sports Teacher (female students: 33, male students: 86, totally: 119, Coaching Training (female students: 32, male students: 44, totally: 76, Sports Management (female students: 29, male students: 55; totally: 84, Recreation (female students: 44, male students: 48, totally: 92. In the research had been used as the data collection tools “Aggression inventory’’ developed by Kiper (1984, “Basic psychological needs scale’’ adapted to Turkish by Kesici et al (2003, developed by Deci and Ryan (2000 and Personal Information Form developed by the researchers. As a result of the research it has been defined that the aggression degree has meaningful differences for female students at the destructive aggression subdimension, the aggression degree does not have a meaningful difference between those doing sports and those not doing sports. It has been seen that the individual need of the student at the subdimension of his basic psychological needs has a high considerate level for male students, those doing active sports have a considerate level in comparison with those not doing it about being individual, need of competence relationship.

  10. National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Certified Athletic Trainers' Perceptions of the Benefits of Sport Psychology Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakrajsek, Rebecca A.; Martin, Scott B.; Wrisberg, Craig A.

    2016-01-01

    Context:  Certified athletic trainers (ATs) are responsible for integrating relevant professionals into the rehabilitation team to assist with the holistic care of injured athletes. Objective:  To explore National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I (DI) ATs' experience with sport psychology consultants (SPCs), willingness to encourage athletes to use SPCs for injury rehabilitation, and perceptions of the benefits of sport psychology services. Design:  Quantitative study. Setting:  A Web-based survey was administered to a national sample of DI ATs. Patients or Other Participants:  A total of 659 (341 men, 318 women) ATs completed the survey. Main Outcome Measure(s):  Athletic trainers' experience with SPCs, willingness to encourage athletes to seek sport psychology services, and perceptions of the benefits of those services in injury-rehabilitation settings were self-reported using a rating scale that ranged from 1 (never or not at all) to 5 (definitely or extremely). Results:  Logistic regression revealed that the availability of SPCs, previous encouragement to athletes to seek sport psychology services, and previous positive interactions with SPCs predicted the ATs' willingness to encourage athletes to use these services (P emotion, improving coping techniques, and building confidence (ie, confidence in returning to sport and building confidence). Chi-square analyses indicated that female ATs' ratings of perceived benefits were higher (P ≤ .001) than those of male ATs, and the ratings of ATs who were likely to encourage the use of SPCs were higher (P ≤ .001) than those who were unlikely to encourage SPC service use. Conclusions:  Athletic trainers in our study who had previous positive SPC experiences were most likely to use SPCs and their services during the injury-rehabilitation process. Possible implications are offered for how ATs interested in sport psychology services might call on SPCs to complement their work with injured

  11. What’s Social Psychology of Sport:Based on the Explanation of Academic Experience from 20 Chinese and Foreign Sport Psychologists%什么是体育社会心理学--基于20名中、外运动心理学家学术经验的考量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游茂林; 石岩

    2015-01-01

    通过访谈20名中、外运动心理学家,采集他们基于自身专业知识、工作经历和学术思考对体育社会心理学定义、学科性质和研究内容的判断,对这些信息进行归纳分析。结果显示:1)体育社会心理学可以定义为一门研究体育情境中的人际关系、交互作用、心理过程、行为特征和体育文化心理的学科;2)体育社会心理学是社会心理学、运动心理学和体育社会学交叉形成的一个二级学科,以体育情境为基础,同时具有心理学和社会学的学科性质;3)体育社会心理学研究内容由社会心理学中与体育运动相关的内容、运动心理学中社会心理学性质的部分、体育社会学中心理和行为方面的研究、文化心理学中与体育运动相关的议题等4部分构成,主要关注8类58种研究主题。%This study interviewed the suggestions of social psychology of sport ’ s definitions , disciplinary nature and contents of 20 sport psychologists from China ,America and Europe , which were given based on their professional knowledge ,work experience and academic think‐ing .Then ,these suggestions were analyzed ,and found out that 1) social psychology of sport is a discipline which studies the interpersonal relationship ,interaction of human ,psychological process and behaviors in the context of sports and the cultural psychology of sport ;2 ) social psychology of sport is a new secondary interdisciplinary from social psychology ,sport psychol‐ogy and sport society ,which based on the context of sports and has the disciplinary nature of both psychology and sociology ;3) social psychology of sport which mainly focuses on 58 types of topics from 8 categories .The research contents include 4 parts :the social psychology re‐search with sports ,the social psychological contents of sport psychology ,the psychological be‐havioral researches of sport society ,and the cultural psychology related

  12. Public Sociology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    What is the role of sociology in society? How can - and should - sociology contribute with insights relevant and useful to the outside world? Is sociology attuned to accommodate the demands of the wider public and of surrounding society? Who benefits from the knowledge produced and provided...... by sociology? What are the social implications and cultural effects of the knowledge sociology provides and creates? All of these questions, and many others, concern and centre on sociology's relationship to the surrounding society, in short to the ‘public'. All of these questions - and many others...... - will be addressed in this book.   Sociology, as the self-proclaimed ‘the science of society', finds itself in an exceptional position within the scientific community in that it studies a universe it itself is part and parcel of. This means that sociology and sociologists are inextricably connected and linked...

  13. The strength model of self-control in sport and exercise psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris eEnglert

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The strength model of self-control assumes that all acts of self-control (e.g., emotion regulation, persistence are empowered by a single global metaphorical strength that has limited capacity. This strength can become temporarily depleted after a primary self-control act, which, in turn, can impair performance in subsequent acts of self-control. Recently, the assumptions of the strength model of self-control also have been adopted and tested in the field of sport and exercise psychology. The present review paper aims to give an overview of recent developments in self-control research based on the strength model of self-control. Furthermore, recent research on interventions on how to improve and revitalize self-control strength will be presented. Finally, the strength model of self-control has been criticized lately, as well as expanded in scope, so the present paper will also discuss alternative explanations of why previous acts of self-control can lead to impaired performance in sport and exercise.

  14. Comparison of Athletes' Proneness to Depressive Symptoms in Individual and Team Sports: Research on Psychological Mediators in Junior Elite Athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nixdorf, Insa; Frank, Raphael; Beckmann, Jürgen

    2016-01-01

    Depression among elite athletes is a topic of increasing interest and public awareness. Currently, empirical data on elite athletes' depressive symptoms are rare. Recent results indicate sport-related mechanisms and effects on depression prevalence in elite athlete samples; specific factors associated with depression include overtraining, injury, and failure in competition. One such effect is that athletes competing in individual sports were found to be more prone to depressive symptoms than athletes competing in team sports. The present study examined this effect by testing three possible, psychological mediators based on theoretical and empirical assumptions: namely, cohesion in team or training groups; perception of perfectionistic expectations from others; and negative attribution after failure. In a cross-sectional study, 199 German junior elite athletes (M age = 14.96; SD = 1.56) participated and completed questionnaires on perfectionism, cohesion, attribution after failure, and depressive symptoms. Mediation analysis using path analysis with bootstrapping was used for data analysis. As expected, athletes in individual sports showed higher scores in depression than athletes in team sports [t(197) = 2.05; p < 0.05; d = 0.30]. Furthermore, negative attribution after failure was associated with individual sports (β = 0.27; p < 0.001), as well as with the dependent variable depression (β = 0.26; p < 0.01). Mediation hypothesis was supported by a significant indirect effect (β = 0.07; p < 0.05). Negative attribution after failure mediated the relationship between individual sports and depression scores. Neither cohesion nor perfectionism met essential criteria to serve as mediators: cohesion was not elevated in either team or individual sports, and perfectionism was positively related to team sports. The results support the assumption of previous findings on sport-specific mechanisms (here the effect between individual and team sports) contributing to

  15. Comparison of Athletes’ Proneness to Depressive Symptoms in Individual and Team Sports: Research on Psychological Mediators in Junior Elite Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nixdorf, Insa; Frank, Raphael; Beckmann, Jürgen

    2016-01-01

    Depression among elite athletes is a topic of increasing interest and public awareness. Currently, empirical data on elite athletes’ depressive symptoms are rare. Recent results indicate sport-related mechanisms and effects on depression prevalence in elite athlete samples; specific factors associated with depression include overtraining, injury, and failure in competition. One such effect is that athletes competing in individual sports were found to be more prone to depressive symptoms than athletes competing in team sports. The present study examined this effect by testing three possible, psychological mediators based on theoretical and empirical assumptions: namely, cohesion in team or training groups; perception of perfectionistic expectations from others; and negative attribution after failure. In a cross-sectional study, 199 German junior elite athletes (Mage = 14.96; SD = 1.56) participated and completed questionnaires on perfectionism, cohesion, attribution after failure, and depressive symptoms. Mediation analysis using path analysis with bootstrapping was used for data analysis. As expected, athletes in individual sports showed higher scores in depression than athletes in team sports [t(197) = 2.05; p < 0.05; d = 0.30]. Furthermore, negative attribution after failure was associated with individual sports (β = 0.27; p < 0.001), as well as with the dependent variable depression (β = 0.26; p < 0.01). Mediation hypothesis was supported by a significant indirect effect (β = 0.07; p < 0.05). Negative attribution after failure mediated the relationship between individual sports and depression scores. Neither cohesion nor perfectionism met essential criteria to serve as mediators: cohesion was not elevated in either team or individual sports, and perfectionism was positively related to team sports. The results support the assumption of previous findings on sport-specific mechanisms (here the effect between individual and team sports) contributing to

  16. Contribution of psychological trauma to outcomes after traumatic brain injury: assaults versus sporting injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathias, Jane L; Harman-Smith, Yasmin; Bowden, Stephen C; Rosenfeld, Jeffrey V; Bigler, Erin D

    2014-04-01

    Clinical research into outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently combines injuries that have been sustained through different causes (e.g., car accidents, assaults, and falls), the effect of which is not well understood. This study examined the contribution of injury-related psychological trauma—which is more commonly associated with specific types of injuries—to outcomes after nonpenetrating TBI in order to determine whether it may be having a differential effect in samples containing mixed injuries. Data from three groups that were prospectively recruited for two larger studies were compared: one that sustained a TBI as a result of physical assaults (i.e., psychologically traumatizing) and another as a result of sporting injuries (i.e., nonpsychologically traumatizing), as well as an orthopedic control group (OC). Psychosocial and emotional (postconcussion symptoms, injury-related stress, and depression), cognitive (memory, abstract reasoning, problem solving, and verbal fluency), and functional (general outcome; resumption of home, social, and work roles) outcomes were all assessed. The TBI(assault) group reported significantly poorer psychosocial and emotional outcomes and higher rates of litigation (criminal rather than civil) than both the TBI(sport) and OC groups approximately 6 months postinjury, but there were no differences in the cognitive or functional outcomes of the three groups. The findings suggest that the cause of a TBI may assist in explaining some of the differences in outcomes of people who have seemingly comparable injuries. Involvement in litigation and the cause of an injury may also be confounded, which may lead to the erroneous conclusion that litigants have poorer outcomes.

  17. Reconceptualizing Motivational Climate in Physical Education and Sport Coaching: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Kevin

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to re-conceptualize the phenomenon of motivational climate in Physical Education and sport coaching as a concept that is not purely psychological in nature, but also highly dependent upon pedagogical and sociological theories. In doing so, an interdisciplinary perspective is promoted where the three aforementioned…

  18. Characteristics of the sportsmanship and unsportsmanlike conduct evaluation tools in youth sport

    OpenAIRE

    Sáenz Ibáñez, Alfredo; Gimeno Marco, Fernando; Gutiérrez Pablo, Héctor; Lacambra Correas, David; Marcén Muñío, Celia; Castillo Salazar, Susana

    2013-01-01

    World Conference on Psychology and Sociology 2012 CC BY-NC-ND [EN] In youth sport contexts, aggressiveness and violence constitute a deplorable social phenomenon. There are sportsmanlike conducts as forms of alternatives to these types of behaviors. Specifically, the present paper aims to introduce the characteristics of the evaluation tools used to assess the sportiveness, aggressiveness and violence constructs in sporting environments in general and, more precisely, in youth ...

  19. Public Sociology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    What is the role of sociology in society? How can - and should - sociology contribute with insights relevant and useful to the outside world? Is sociology attuned to accommodate the demands of the wider public and of surrounding society? Who benefits from the knowledge produced and provided...... by sociology? What are the social implications and cultural effects of the knowledge sociology provides and creates? All of these questions, and many others, concern and centre on sociology's relationship to the surrounding society, in short to the ‘public'. All of these questions - and many others...... irrelevance and introversion and the Charybdis of public relevancy and extroversion. But what does it mean to be a ‘public sociologist' in contemporary society and are there really any other ways of doing sociology? What are the requirements of sociologists in a social world increasingly informed and shaped...

  20. Excellence in sport: Towards an understanding of the psychological “architecture” of elite athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.S. Almeida

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to provide a brief overview of the literature around the field of excellence, focused on the sport's context. Thus, the main approaches to the study of excellence were presented and then some important factors in its development and maintenance were sought considering a set of social and personal dimensions. Among the latter, the focus of attention was on the athlete's psychological, motivational, affective, and emotional characteristics and skills, in an attempt to design the elite athletes' psychological "architecture". The characterization of these athletes included a number of consensual factors and strategies, such as high levels of motivation, commitment, concentration, and self-confidence, as well as the use of adaptive coping strategies, self-regulation, goal-setting and mental imagery. Although these results show some consistency in terms of research, it is still unsolved the issue of the weight and importance of each one of these factors and how such factors are combined in order to "produce" excellent performances.

  1. sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Nowadays,high school students hold different opinions about after-class activities.There are two quite different phenomenonena.Some students are crazy about sports and some other activities.They spend much time in joining the outdoor activities and varies of groups,and also,making new friends.However,they pay a little attention to their studies.

  2. OXFORD DICTIONARY OF SPORTS SCIENCE AND MEDICINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Kent

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available DESCRIPTION The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science and Medicine provides reliable definitions of sports science and medicine terms. It provides an invaluable reference book for anyone interested in the captivating subject of sport. PURPOSE This dictionary aims to include almost every sports science, anatomy, physiology, biomechanical, injuries description, and psychological term as related to sports medicine and science and support the explanations by illustrations wherever necessary. AUDIENCE As a comprehensive dictionary of sports science and medicine, it will be of particular help to medical specialists and general practitioners, as well as students of PE, coaches, and athletes who need to understand the anatomical structures and physiological processes which affect athletic performance. Any member of public interested in health and fitness; exercise and sport or wants to understand what the obscure terms mean, like jogger's nipple, social loafing, and Zatopek phenomenon will also benefit from this book. FEATURES The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science and Medicine features terms in A to Z fashion at all the major areas of sports science and medicine including: anatomy, physiology/exercise physiology, biomechanics, training principles and techniques, nutrition, sports psychology and sociology, sports injuries and rehabilitation. A team of prominent contributors and advisers put together this dictionary in the first edition. The third edition includes around 8000 cross-referenced terms which have been updated or added since the first edition. There are plenty of illustrations wherever appropriate to make the terms easily understandable. ASSESSMENT A must-have dictionary for all medics practising in sports and exercise medicine, as well as students of medicine, physical education, nursing and physiotherapy. Even coaches, trainers, biomechanical experts; in fact anyone who has a special interest in this area will find this dictionary useful.

  3. Antisocial and Prosocial Behavior in Sport: The Role of Motivational Climate, Basic Psychological Needs, and Moral Disengagement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodge, Ken; Gucciardi, Daniel F

    2015-06-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether the relationships between contextual factors and basic psychological needs were related to antisocial and prosocial behavior in sport. A two-study project employing Bayesian path analysis was conducted with competitive athletes (Study 1, n = 291; Study 2, n = 272). Coach and teammate autonomy-supportive climates had meaningful direct relations with need satisfaction and prosocial behavior. Coach and teammate controlling climates had meaningful direct relations with antisocial behavior. Need satisfaction was both directly and indirectly related with both prosocial and antisocial behavior, whereas moral disengagement was directly and indirectly related with antisocial behavior. Overall, these findings reflected substantial evidence from the literature on self-determination theory that autonomy-supportive motivational climates are important environmental influences for need satisfaction, and are important correlates of prosocial behavior in sport, whereas controlling coach and teammate climates, along with moral disengagement, were important correlates of antisocial behavior in sport.

  4. Analysis of recent incidents of on-field violence in sport: legal decisions and additional considerations from psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerr, John H

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on two recent incidents of serious on-field violence in sports and the legal consequences for those involved. The two incidents occurred in Dutch football (soccer) and became infamous owing to the nature of the violent incidents and widespread media coverage. The legal outcomes of these two incidents are described, and some of the difficulties that legal authorities face in considering assaults on the sports field are discussed. A new way of categorizing such violent incidents and the motivation behind them, based on an established psychological theory [reversal theory, Apter, 1982, 2001] is proposed. Taken along with the other points made in this article, being aware of when and how individuals cross the boundaries between play and anger, power or thrill violence may provide an additional perspective to making informed decisions about illegal violent acts on the sports field. Copyright 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  5. Another sociology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carleheden, Mikael

    1998-01-01

    During the second half of the 20th century, sociology as a social technology in service of the welfare state has been the predominant form, especially in Scandinavia. The crisis of the welfare state has led this form of sociology into a crisis as well. Instead, I argue for a critical sociology...... contributing dianostics of the social pathologies of the modern state. Such an approach can find inspiration in classical sociology, but it is also important to realize that, today, we are living in another modernity. A liberation from social technology must thus include a liberation from objectivistic methods....

  6. The future of the application of the Bi-Digital O-Ring Test in Sports Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozerkan, Kemal Nuri

    2005-01-01

    The Bi-Digital O-Ring Test, originally developed by Dr. Omura, utilizes changes in the degree of strength of voluntary movements of muscles of the fingers under a definite muscle tonus, making Bi-Digital O-Rings, as an indicator of pathology in the body. Research in Sports Psychology can use the classical measurement methods and Bi-Digital O-Ring Test method comparatively and thus produce new findings regarding the reliability and certainty of the Bi-Digital O-Ring Test test. It seems probable that by using the non-invasive Bi-Digital O-Ring Test test, it is possible to measure enzymes, hormones and neuro-transmitters instantaneously and assess a sports person's actual psychological and physiological performance, and thereby help them reach their peak performance levels during both exercise and competitions.

  7. Research in Sport and Exercise Psychology Between 2003 and 2013 : an Analysis of the English-Speaking Publication Trends Before the Field’s 50th Anniversary

    OpenAIRE

    Németh, Lilla; Vega Marcos, Ricardo de la; Szabo, Attila

    2016-01-01

    Sports and exercise psychology as a scholastic field was officially inaugurated in 1965 in Rome on the occasion of the first World Congress on Sports Psychology. As it nears its 50th anniversary in 2015, we have conducted a content analysis of the existing six subject specific English-speaking international journals in the field to obtain an overview of research and publication trends. Articles (n = 2276) published between 1 January 2003 and 1 January 2013 were examined. The type of publicati...

  8. Psychological Factors in the Development of Football-Talent from the Perspective of an Integrative Sport-Talent Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert OROSZ

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study presents a new, integrative model of sports talent. Following the theoretical part of the study a football-talent research is presented, in which a theoretical framework is provided by this new theory of sports talent. This research examines the role of psychological factors in football talent development. The sample was N=425 football-players of the First Division Men’s Junior and Adolescent Football Championships of the Hungarian Football League, and their coaches (N=21. The applied instruments were: Sporting Background Questionnaire, The Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (TSCS – Hungarian version, Psychological Immune Competence Inventory (PICI, Athletic Coping Skills Inventory (ACSI, Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM, Co-Player Questionnaire, and Coach Questionnaire. As a result, significant differences were found between talented and control groups in the case of 27 variables out of 48 (6 scales of the SBQ, 5 scales of the ACSI-28, 9 scales of the PISI, 5 subscales and the Total self-concept scale of the TSCS, and in APM. More talented players showed more favourable values in each of the 27 intra-, and interpersonal dimensions. According to our results, the development of psychological factors (e.g. concentration, lack of anxiety, self-confidence, coping skills, and social skills within an integrative approach can enhance personal efficiency in developing football giftedness.

  9. Physical sports activity, physical self-concept and psychological wellbeing in adolescente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juárez Ruiz de Mier, Rocío

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to examine the relationships between experience in physical sports activity in adolescence and various self-evaluations such as physical self-concept, perceptions of health and life satisfaction. Participants are 1504 adolescents from the city of Malaga (Spain, aged between 14 and 16 years. The instruments used to assess the constructs are the Physical Self-Concept Questionnaire (CAF, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ and the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS. The study has a cross-sectional, correlational design, in which surveys are used to collect data. The statistical analyses show that physical activity is associated with significant differences in the study variables, favouring those who do physical activity. The frequency of the activity, however, has a significant difference between the groups only in the case of physical self-concept. On the other hand, years of experience in physical activity affects the outcomes, with better results for those who have been doing exercise for a longer period of time. This study contributes to the literature that emphasises the importance of creating an active lifestyle to boost psychological wellbeing

  10. SOCIOLOGICAL STUDIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    PAPER Sun Benwen and the Chinese Sociology in the First Half of the Twentieth Century Zhou Xiaohong 1 Abstract:As a representative of the comprehensive school of sociology, Sun Benwen occupied a mainstream position in the first half of the twentieth century, and contrib- uted remarkably to the early development of Chinese sociology during his nearly three-decade research. Being directly influenced by his learning experiences in Co- lumbia University and the University of Chicago, he started with cultural and psycho- logical factors in his endeavor to establish the comprehensive school of sociology, which endowed his theories with a significant touch of cultural determinism and psy- chological reductionism. In an age plagued by turmoil and wars, Sun Benwen played the dual role of constructor and reviewer of Chinese sociology. He took the initiative to advance social construction in tribulated China with sociological theories and devot- ed himself to estabhshing a Sinicized system of sociological theory. All these efforts not only reflected the intellectuals' naivety and helplessness in the face of crises, but also the sociologists' willfulness and unreconciledness in intervening in social real- ities. Meanwhile, Modern Chinese Sociology, his monograph written prior to the foun- dation of the PRC in 1949, virtually became the closing speech of all those Chinese sociologists who had outlived the Republic of China and who would have to accept a gloomy collective withdrawal.

  11. 大学体育的有限理性--基于组织社会学视角的解读%Bounded rationality of college sports--Based on the interpretation from the perspective of organizational sociology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈慧; 范峰

    2015-01-01

    从组织社会学视角,探寻大学体育现实困惑背后的深层次原因。“功利性”可量化成果与“道德性”制度化规范之间的博弈,影响着大学体育行动者的价值取向。大学体育行动者有限理性的复杂性与不确定性,将持续影响其行动决策。教师评价制度建设和市场需求的理性选择是重建大学体育核心价值秩序的重要力量。%From the perspective of organizational sociology, the authors probed into the deep down reasons behind realistic confusion about college sports. The gaming between “utilitarian” quantifiable achievements and “moral”institutionalized norms is affecting the value tendency of college sports executors. The complexity and uncertainty of bounded rationality of college sports executors will continue to affect their action decision making. Teacher evaluation system construction and rational choosing of market demands are important forces for rebuilding the or-der of core values of college sports.

  12. 西南民族地区发展体育旅游的社会学思考%The Development of Sports Tourism in Southwest Regional in Sociological Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴明华

    2012-01-01

    体育旅游业的开发对西南民族地区社会发展具有十分积极的影响,为促进西南民族地区体育旅游业健康持续发展,在此,采用文献资料法、考察法、逻辑分析法等研究方法,从社会学的角度对西南民族地区体育旅游发展概况、体育旅游资源特征、发展体育旅游的社会价值等进行了较为深入的分析,提出了发挥政策优势、树立"大西南"旅游圈的理念、全面综合开发西南民族地区体育旅游资源的思路。%Sports tourism development has a very positive impact on the social development of the Southwest region.To promote the health of sustainable development of the Southwest sports tourism,this paper by using the method of literature,field visit research methods,logical analysis methods,from the perspectives of sociology of the southwest national area of sports tourism development situation,sports tourism resources characteristic,the development of sports tourism social value the in-depth analysis,and play a policy advantage,set up the concept of"Big Southeast"corresponding comprehensive development of sports tourism resources of the southwest national area ideas.

  13. Sport participation and its association with social and psychological factors known to predict substance use and abuse among youth: A scoping review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Heather J; Camiré, Martin; Wade, Terrance J; Cairney, John

    2015-01-01

    This article presents the results of a scoping review of the sport literature (2000-2014) on psychological and social outcomes relevant to youth alcohol and illicit drug use. Prior reviews report that sport is related to increased alcohol use and reduced illicit drug use among youth, yet provide little guidance regarding the mechanisms that can explain this relationship. We reviewed the literature on sport participation and psychological and social outcomes to identify factors that could help explain this link. Psychological and social factors were selected as they play a paramount role in understanding youth alcohol and drug use. Fifty-nine articles were identified and included in the review. The literature generally supported connections between sport and positive psychological and social outcomes, including self-esteem, self-regulation, general life skills, and pro-social behaviour. Yet limitations in the methods and measures limit the ability to draw conclusions from the literature. In addition, the diversity of youth and sport was generally ignored in the literature. This article suggests a number of directions for future research that might improve our understanding of how sport impacts psychological and social outcomes along with alcohol and illicit drug use.

  14. 运动心理学与残疾人竞技运动成绩相关性思考%On Interrelation between Sports Psychology and Sports Scores of Disabled People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武乐玲

    2014-01-01

    随着竞技体育在全世界范围内的全面兴起,其价值已经远远超过体育层面。在分析影响残疾人竞技运动成绩的心理学因素的基础上,根据运动心理学研究的基本内容和我国残疾人运动的基本规律,以运动心理学为基础,对残疾人竞技运动进行了系统测试。研究表明:运用运动心理学指导残疾人进行心理认知规律、心理技能、心理状态、焦虑释放等方面的专业训练能够普及残疾人体育运动,提高其运动成绩。%With the overall rise in worldwide competitive sports ,its value has far exceeded sports level . This paper analyzes the impact of disabled sports scores psychological factors ,then introduces the basic law of sport psychology research and the basic content of the disability movement ,and finally to sports psychology ,based on sports with disabilities were system training .Research shows that the use of sports psychology to guide the disabled psychological cognitive rules ,mental skills ,mental status ,anxiety re‐lease and other aspects of professional training can popularize sports and people with disabilities to improve their athletic performance .

  15. 浅析大学体育与心理健康%A Brief Analysis of College Sports and Psychological Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊锦秀

    2013-01-01

    分析大学生的心理状况,阐述体育活动对促进心理健康的作用和措施。%This paper analyzes college students' psychological status, and expounds the role and measures of sports activities in promoting psychological health.

  16. Functional and psychological impact of nasal bone fractures sustained during sports activities: A survey of 87 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lennon, Paul; Jaber, Sam; Fenton, John E

    2016-08-01

    Nasal bone fractures that require reduction are a common sequela of sports injuries. We conducted a survey to ascertain the outcomes of patients who had experienced a nasal bone fracture and who subsequently underwent manipulation under anesthesia. We reviewed data on 217 nasal bone fractures that had been seen at our institution over a 3-year period. Of these, 133 (61.3%) had occurred as a result of a sports activity. Thirty of the 133 patients (22.6%) had been managed conservatively, while the other 103 (77.4%) had undergone manipulation under anesthesia. We were able to contact 87 of the 103 patients (84.5%) by telephone, who served as the study population. The most common sports associated with these 87 injuries were hurling (n = 26; 29.9%), rugby (n = 22; 25.3%), Gaelic football (n = 20; 23.0%), and soccer (n = 13; 14.9%). Patients who had undergone treatment within 2 weeks were significantly more satisfied with their outcome than were those who had been treated later (p performance in their sport; 12 (13.8%) described a fear of reinjury when they returned to play, 7 (8.0%) experienced functional problems, 3 (3.4%) complained of diminished performance, and 4 others (4.6%) quit playing contact sports altogether. To the best of our knowledge, our study is the first to demonstrate that a fracture of the nasal bones may have a notable psychological impact on an athlete and that it can lead to diminished performance or a complete withdrawal from contact sports.

  17. The Positive Influence of Sports on Children's Psychological Development%运动对儿童心理发展的积极影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰玉萍

    2012-01-01

    Moderate sports promote children's psychological development.The positive Influence includes: sports can promote children's cognitive development,be conducive to emotion regulation,and cultivate a positive self.Sports can improve the mechanism of children's psychological development.Firstly,sports promote psychological development directly by improving the nervous system.Secondly,sports promote psychological development indirectly by regulating emotion.Therefore,the design of children's sports ought to be simple,practicable,interesting and moderate.%适度运动对儿童心理发展具有积极促进作用。运动对儿童心理发展的积极影响主要表现在三个方面:一、运动能促进认知发展;二、运动有助于调节情绪;三、运动有利于积极自我的形成。运动促进儿童心理发展的内在机制为:首先通过改善神经系统的工作能力直接促进心理发展;其次,以对情绪的调节为中介间接促进心理发展。对儿童运动的设计应简单易行,增加趣味性,强度适当。

  18. The Slovene Model of Sports Classes in Grammar Schools: Psychological and Educational Point of View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zupancic, Maja; Justin, Janez

    1998-01-01

    Results with 54 pairs of Slovenian students, matched for participation or nonparticipation in intensive sports classes in elementary school, indicate that a combination of flexible organization of academic work and intensive sports classes does not have a negative impact on intellectual, academic, or personality development. (SLD)

  19. Movement. Proceedings of Seventh Symposium in Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association of Physical Activity Professionals of Quebec, Montreal.

    The symposium on the physical and psychomotor aspects of sports covered a variety of topics. Among those contained in this report are: discussions on the taxonomies of sports; the time dimension of physical activity including response variables, judgment of temporal order, and duration discrimination; memory; information and its use in physical…

  20. See you at the match: Motivation for sport consumption and intrinsic psychological reward of premier football league spectators in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederick W. Stander

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Local football contributes significantly to the social- and economic welfare of South Africa through its spectators. Understanding the motives and experiences of football spectators could provide opportunities for capitalising on football as revenue stream feeding the South African economy. Research purpose: To investigate how motives for sport consumption predict intrinsic psychological reward of South African premier league football spectators. Motivation for the study: Sport - particularly football - is an untapped resource for stimulating economic development and growth through its consumers. Spectators, who often experience their investment in the sport as deeply rewarding and meaningful, should participate more frequently in purchasing products or services associated with the sport. Through understanding the motives for sport consumption of South African premier league football spectators and the impact of these motives on intrinsic psychological reward experiences, football clubs are able to provide a targeted experience or service to spectators in order to further stimulate economic growth. Research design, approach and method: A census sample of 806 football spectators attending various matches at a football stadium in Soweto was drawn. A cross-sectional research design was implemented. This research was exploratory and descriptive. Structural equation modelling was implemented to assess the factor structures of the constructs, to confirm composite reliability of the measures and to assess the structural paths between the variables. Main findings: A predictive model for intrinsic psychological rewards (life satisfaction and meaning through the motivation for sport consumption (individual – and game related factors was confirmed. It was further established that motivation for sport consumption is significantly positively a related to and b associated with the experience of intrinsic psychological reward by South African

  1. Measuring mental toughness in sport: a psychometric examination of the psychological performance inventory-a and its predecessor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gucciardi, Daniel F

    2012-01-01

    Touted as a multidimensional measure of mental toughness in sport, this study explored the psychometric properties of the Psychological Performance Inventory (PPI; Loehr, 1986 ) and its successor the Psychological Performance Inventory-A (PPI-A; Golby, Sheard, & Van Wersch, 2007 ). Confirmatory factor analysis was employed to examine the extent to which data collected with 333 Australian footballers aged between 15 and 18 years (M = 16.88, SD = .71) fitted the a priori measurement models of both inventories. The results did not support the psychometric properties of the PPI both in terms of model fit and internal consistency. Although model fit data for the PPI-A were encouraging, inadequate levels of internal consistency were evidenced. Convergent validity analyses involving measures of achievement goals and global mental toughness generally supported the validity of the PPI and PPI-A subscales. Taken together with previous research (e.g., Middleton et al., 2004 ), caution is urged when considering the use of the PPI as a measure of mental toughness in sport. Although the empirical data were generally supportive of the psychometric properties of the PPI-A, conceptual (e.g., lack of conceptual underpinnings) and methodological (i.e., revalidated a flawed inventory) concerns become important factors when considering the PPI-A as a measure of mental toughness.

  2. Comparison of creative psychological quality of sports major and non sports majors%体育专业与非体育专业大学生创新心理素质的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于勇; 杨国庆

    2011-01-01

    856 sports majors and non sports majors in 5 universities were tested with the questionaires about their creative psychological quality.The paper analyses the current creative psychological quality of the university students and the differences between the sports majors and the non sports majors.The paper proposes the features of the creative psychological quality of the sports majors.%采用问卷调查法对北京5所高校856名体育专业和非体育专业大学生的创新心理素质进行研究,旨在了解高校大学生创新心理素质的现状,分析体育专业与非体育专业大学生创新心理素质的区别,寻找体育专业大学生创新心理素质的特征,为高校体育教育改革提供借鉴。

  3. Sports Intervene to Crisis Psychology of Environmental Crisis%环境性危机心理的体育干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂绍生; 李伟峰

    2012-01-01

    The paper is that describes and analysis the environmental crisis and environmental crisis of psychological, the environmental crisis, including the psychological mood disorders, cognitive abnormali- ties, abnormal psychological adjustment and stress disorders is the part. Secondly, analysis mechanism on Sports intervention of psychology crisis, first of all that sport is a human body to transform itself through physical and mental self-practical activities, from sports to improve physical and mental psychology and physiology explained on the hypothesis. On this basis, design program of sports intervention on psycho- logical crisis and some explains.%首先对环境性危机和环境性危机心理进行描述和分析,概括出环境性危机心理包括情绪异常、认知异常、心理适应异常和应激障碍等形式;接着对危机心理体育干预进行机理分析,首先认为体育是人自身通过人体来改造自我身心的实践性活动,再从体育改善身心的心理学和生理学假说上进行解释.在此基础上,设计体育干预危机心理的具体程序并作出适当说明.

  4. Syringe sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitellone, Nicole

    2015-06-01

    In this article I consider the impact of social epistemologies for understanding the object of the syringe. My aim is to examine the process through which the syringe transforms from an injecting device to a tool of social and political inquiry. Paying particular attention to the uses of Foucault, Becker, Bourdieu, Freud and Latour in empirical studies of injecting heroin use, I examine the sociology of the syringe through the lens of habit and habitus, discourse and deviance, mourning and melancholia, attachment and agencement. In pursuing the theory behind the object my goal is to address a sociological object in the making. In so doing I show how the syringe has been significant for social research, social theory, and sociology. It is the difference the object makes that this article seeks to describe. In tracing the epistemology of the syringe I show how the object is important not just for knowledge of addiction but sociology itself. © London School of Economics and Political Science 2015.

  5. Interfacing Sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tem Frank

    these media (expressiveness, reflexivity, identity), or ar media making us run (nudging, persuasion, societal benefits). The study includes theory on interactivity, media sociology, followed by cases (twitter and personal branding, selftracking and selfreflexivity, social media and club organization, fandom......This study tries to map out the possible interplay between interactive digital media (including mobile and wearable technologies) and sport as performance and participation. The ambition is to create a model providing the analytical framework for understanding questions like "are we running...

  6. Applying the Team Identification-Social Psychological Health Model to Older Sport Fans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wann, Daniel L.; Rogers, Kelly; Dooley, Keith; Foley, Mary

    2011-01-01

    According to the Team Identification-Social Psychological Health Model (Wann, 2006b), team identification and social psychological health should be positively correlated because identification leads to important social connections which, in turn, facilitate well-being. Although past research substantiates the hypothesized positive relationship…

  7. Sport and Exercise Psychology Academy: A Course-Related Approach with a Twist of Experiential Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Dennis A.

    2013-01-01

    This article chronicles the undergraduate research (UGR) process in the Sport Sciences Department at Wingate University. The main focus is a description of a course-based approach to UGR, followed by a brief summation of the department's experiential component that results in graduating seniors completing an extensive research project to meet…

  8. Psychometric Issues in Organizational Stressor Research: A Review and Implications for Sport Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Rachel; Fletcher, David

    2012-01-01

    Organizational stressors can potentially elicit a number of undesirable consequences for sport performers. It is, therefore, imperative that psychologists better understand the demands that athletes encounter via their exploration and assessment. However, although researchers have identified a wide range of organizational stressors in competitive…

  9. Sport science integration: An evolutionary synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balagué, N; Torrents, C; Hristovski, R; Kelso, J A S

    2017-02-01

    The aim of the paper is to point out one way of integrating the supposedly incommensurate disciplines investigated in sports science. General, common principles can be found among apparently unrelated disciplines when the focus is put on the dynamics of sports-related phenomena. Dynamical systems approaches that have recently changed research in biological and social sciences among others, offer key concepts to create a common pluricontextual language in sport science. This common language, far from being homogenising, offers key synthesis between diverse fields, respecting and enabling the theoretical and experimental pluralism. It forms a softly integrated sports science characterised by a basic dynamic explanatory backbone as well as context-dependent theoretical flexibility. After defining the dynamic integration in living systems, unable to be captured by structural static approaches, we show the commonalities between the diversity of processes existing on different levels and time scales in biological and social entities. We justify our interpretation by drawing on some recent scientific contributions that use the same general principles and concepts, and diverse methods and techniques of data analysis, to study different types of phenomena in diverse disciplines. We show how the introduction of the dynamic framework in sport science has started to blur the boundaries between physiology, biomechanics, psychology, phenomenology and sociology. The advantages and difficulties of sport science integration and its consequences in research are also discussed.

  10. THE DYNAMICS OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESS OF INFORMATION PROCESSING IN SPORT MARKETING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patruta Teodor

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Specialist task in marketing communications is different in the case of promotion of products/services that require a high level of consumer involvement in the decision-making process of buying if that consumer involvement is low. In the first case, the emphasis should fall on delivering the most appropriate information, while in the second case, communications must attract attention and make your presence known product, service or brand.Sports marketing in Romania, at the present time, are facing difficulties such as: educational and structural gap, inertia, lack of data, lack of specialised personnel, current status of the athlete, the standard of living. These are all arguments in favour of assuming responsibility by leaders in the field of sport. As is well known, the sport has a dimension of international and global excellence. For the application of marketing marketing plans are needed in the short term, medium and long term marketing programs as well as setting out the contents, sequencing, resources (human, material and financial and the methods for achieving practical marketing activities. These activities cannot be made without the use of instrumentation research (methods, techniques and tools and a information marketing system.Because the consumer is the one who assigns meanings to messages received, marketing communications must take account of the differences that may exist between the message intended to be sent by Communicator and the meaning of the message received by the consumer. at the same time, he acquires the marketing concept of its entire economic and social significance at the macro scale. Under these conditions, the Romanian sport and national specificities must follow and stay permanently in accordance with developments in the sport internationally. Sports competition restricted to the local, regional and national loss of significance. This synergy of the sport requires including the adoption of the concept of

  11. Discursive Psychology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Molder, te H.

    2015-01-01

    Discursive psychology was established in the United Kingdom by the end of the 1980s, mainly in response to the dominant cognitivist approach in social psychology. While it borrowed notions from poststructuralism and sociology of science, it is most akin to conversation analysis. Discursive psycholog

  12. 关于运动心理学发展方向的思考——历届国际运动心理学大会的主题分析%Thought on the Future of Sport Psychology:Analysis on the Topics of World Congresses of Sport Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    漆昌柱; 徐培

    2001-01-01

    历届国际运动心理学大会的主题变化,反映出30多年来国际运动心理学的发展十分迅速。同时,也反映出国际运动心理学大会的主题缺乏对运动心理学研究对象的针对性和对国际运动心理学发展方向的指导作用。严格界定运动心理学的研究对象是运动心理学健康发展的重要问题。%The topics of World Congresses of Sport Psychology imply that theinternational sport psychology has a great development in the past 30 years.Otherwise it implies that the World Congresses of Sport Psychology didn't put its effects on the direction of the international sport psychology.And defined the domain of sport psychology strictly is necessary.

  13. 基于赛事门票价格功能的消费心理研究%Consumer psychology based on function of sports tickets pricing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔庆波

    2012-01-01

    运用文献资料、逻辑分析等研究方法,对体育赛事门票价格的功能进行了分析,并在此基础上研究了观众体育赛事门票消费的心理表现,旨在为体育赛事门票定价和赛事运营可持续发展奠定理论基础。结果显示,体育赛事门票价格具有体育赛事衡量、观众自我拟比、市场需求调节和心理价位特定等功能。而在此影响下,观众形成了习惯性、倾向性、敏感性和感受性等多种体育赛事门票消费的心理表现。%In order to lay the theoretical foundation for pricing of sports tickets and sustainable development of sports events, the paper uses literature, logic analysis and other research methods to do research on the function of sports tickets pricing and studies the consumer psychology of audience on sports tickets. The paper finds that the price of sports tickets has the function of measuring sports size, quality or value, satisfying self - consciousness, regulating market demand, and positioning psychological price: Under this influence, the audience forms so many consumption psychologies on sports ticket as habituality, tendency, sensitivity and sensibility.

  14. Positive Psychology as a Framework for Leadership Development in Recreation and Sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Amy C; Larcus, James

    2015-01-01

    This chapter connects concepts and research from positive psychology and leadership studies to support using a strengths-based approach to optimize the leadership development of students involved in recreation and athletics.

  15. Psychological mechanisms underlying doping attitudes in sport: motivation and moral disengagement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodge, Ken; Hargreaves, Elaine A; Gerrard, David; Lonsdale, Chris

    2013-08-01

    We examined whether constructs outlined in self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2002), namely, autonomy-supportive and controlling motivational climates and autonomous and controlled motivation, were related to attitudes toward performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) in sport and drug-taking susceptibility. We also investigated moral disengagement as a potential mediator. We surveyed a sample of 224 competitive athletes (59% female; M age = 20.3 years; M = 10.2 years of experience participating in their sport), including 81 elite athletes. Using structural equation modeling analyses, our hypothesis proposing positive relationships with controlling climates, controlled motivation, and PEDs attitudes and susceptibility was largely supported, whereas our hypothesis proposing negative relationships among autonomous climate, autonomous motivation, and PEDs attitudes and susceptibility was not supported. Moral disengagement was a strong predictor of positive attitudes toward PEDs, which, in turn, was a strong predictor of PEDs susceptibility. These findings are discussed from both motivational and moral disengagement viewpoints.

  16. Physiological and Biochemical Indexes Apply in Sports Psychology%生理生化指标在运动心理学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全明辉; 张秋海; 胡志刚

    2011-01-01

    Sports psychology plays a very important role in regulating emotions,ensure the athletes effective training.With the development of Sports psychology,and in order to more accurate judgment subjects psychology,physiological and biochemical indexes were introduced into the psychology research field.This thesis is an overview about physiological and biochemical indexes in the sports psychology application status and prospects,hoping to more and more researchers join to this filed.%运动心理学在调节运动员情绪,保证运动员坚持、有效训练中起着非常重要作用。随着运动心理学发展,同时为了更为客观的判断受试者心理状态,机体生理、生化等指标被引入到运动心理学研究领域中来。本文就生理生化指标在运动心理学中的应用现状、前景以及不足作一综述,希望能为广大学者的研究工作起到抛砖引玉的作用。

  17. On Audience Psychology Bridge between Sports Movies & TV Plays and Sports Entities%体育影视剧与体育实体间的受众心理桥梁问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡蓉晖; 黄昌武

    2011-01-01

    Sports movies and TV plays can boost the development of sports entities through influencing the audience psychology and driving them into sports practice. We should pay special attention to artistry in the movie and plays so as to enlist the support of entrepreneurs who are interested in the development of sports entities to catalyze the invention and the spread of new sports games, as well as to move people to do physical exercises voluntarily by showng them the inevitable dramatic effect sports.%通过体育影视剧影响人的心理与行为,促进体育实体的发展,需要注意抓住艺术这一竞争优势,获得有志于发展体育实业事主的资助;还需通过体育影视剧中有关体育与健康关系的典型故事,揭示其必然性和吊诡性,使人们心理受到强烈震撼从而自觉锻炼身体,并使其成为体育新项目发明和推广的催化剂。

  18. Exploration on Psychological Factors Influencing Students' Sports%对影响学生的体育运动心理原因的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈抗

    2014-01-01

    Through analyzing and summarizing students' psycho-logical conditions in sports, and the factors leading to the condi-tions, this paper summarizes how students can adjust their emo-tions and psychologies in sports, in order to benefit their physical and psychological development.%通过对学生体育运动时的心理状况,对学生产生这些心理的因素进行分析和总结,总结出学生在运动中应该怎样调节自己的情绪和心理,从而有利于其身心发展。

  19. Development of relative body mass (BMI of students from Łódź, depending on the selected environmental, psychological and sociological factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pruszkowska-Przybylska Paulina

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The human height-to-weight ratio is an important parameter of the body homeostasis. Currently, the most popular measurement determining the relationship between body mass and height is the Quetelet II indicator, called Body Mass Index (BMI. The aim of this study is an evaluation of the differences in the height-to-weight ratios, depending on selected environmental, psychological and sociological factors in people studying at higher education institutions in Łódź. The research was conducted among students of higher education institutions in Łódź, by electronic means or with the use of an anonymous survey. It consisted of 28 closed single or multiple choice questions. Statistical analysis was made of complete results of the research involving 135 people, both males and females, aged between 19-26. It was revealed that the factors related to higher BMI values in students are the following: the presence of a tendency in the students to gain weight themselves, and a tendency to gain weight present in their mothers, an evaluation of their own body mass as excessive, regularly smoking cigarettes and rarely undergoing medical check-ups. Among the factors connected with lower BMI values are: regular coffee consumption, perception of their own body mass as being too low, and also obtaining systolic pressure values below 110 mm Hg. Additionally, a positive correlation between taking up physical activity and higher values of systolic blood pressure (p<0.05 was shown. Among the subjects, it was found that 92% of the underweight women declared that their body mass and figure were normal. In the case of women with optimal BMI values, 40% stated that their body mass was excessive. In the case of men the problem was reverse: 50% of the subjects who were either overweight or obese claimed that their body mass was within the norm. The factors that significantly influence body proportion differences among students include the subject’s and the subject

  20. 异文化:运动心理学发展的另类解读%Alien Culture:A Different Interpretation of Development of Sports Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李军

    2015-01-01

    With the method of literature,the paper interprets eastern and western culture from ’alien’perspective as well as the development path of sports psychology.By unearthing the value in alien culture,heart beats of sports psychology of local culture is strengthened.The main conclusion the paper draws is:different culture is the root to create alienation of psychology especially sports psychology;difference in culture also serves as the inexhaustible motive force for subject development.Therefore,we have to respect differences and develop local psychology;seek common ground while reserving differences to establish common cultural identity;pursue continuous innovation and development to construct discipline system of sports psychology of our own,and enhance local culture heart sounds.%本文采用文献资料法,从“异”的视角来解读东西方文化,解读运动心理学发展路径,并从中挖掘异文化存在的价值,以增强本土文化心理学的心音。主要结论:不同文化是造就心理学尤其是运动心理学异化的本质根源;文化的不同也是推动学科发展的不竭动力。因此,我们要尊重差异,发展本土心理学;求大同存小异,建立普遍的文化认同,并且要不断创新与发展,建立属于自己的运动心理学科体系,增强本土文化的心音。

  1. Using Psychological Effects of Sports to Train Students'Good Psychological Quality%利用体育的心理影响优势培养学生良好的心理素质研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊峰

    2011-01-01

    体育作为人的全面发展教育的必不可缺的方面之一,由于其独有的特点,在学生心理教育中发挥着其他方面不可替代的作用.文章简述了如何发挥体育在学生心理教育中的优势,来培养学生良好的心理素质,提高心理健康水平.%Sport, as one necessary part of human's comprehensive development education, plays an irreplaceable role in students' psychological education with its unique characteristics.This article presents how to play the role of sports in the students' psychological education to cultivate students'good psychological quality and improve their mental health.

  2. 从社会学的场域解读媒介体育现象%Commensalism and Contradiction: Explaining the Media Sports in the View of Sociological Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯现玲; 王章明; 杨昌美

    2011-01-01

    大众媒体处于社会文化、经济价值、受众诉求等复杂的互动网络中,背负着来自各利益主体的多重重压。如何在多元的利益体系中寻求自身经济、文化价值的实现?以媒介体育现象为例,将其置于冲突论的社会学理论视角之下,运用文献资料法、逻辑分析法、专家访谈等研究方法,探讨在目前的文化语境影响之下媒介体育的生存模式,以期打破原有的理论惯性,从社会学的场域中把脉媒介体育的建构过程。%Mass media in the interaction consists of the social culture, economic value, the audience appeal, and so on. How to realize the economic and culture value in multivariate interests system? Take the media sports as an example, in the perspective of conflict theory, from its production process of several purposes, this paper discusses its survival modes under the influence of the current cultural context, hope to break through the original theory inertia, and comprehend the manufacturing operation of media sports in the view of sociological field.

  3. Psychological clairvoyance of traditional sports-swing%民族传统体育秋千的心理透视

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈德祥

    2012-01-01

    Swing-a kind of sports which was prevailed in Tang and was very popular Qing Dynasty.But because of different cultures,environments,personalities,belief and religions in all kinds of nationalities,people in different culture circles has different methods to make swings and different recreational rules.So they formed their own characteristic style.Psychological sentiments of playing the swing show unique cultural character.From the inheriting of the swing culture,it can show the cultural customs of all kinds of people.This article attempt to research this game-swing whose national psychology appears different intensional meanings from psychology.%"十年蹴鞠将雏远,万里秋千习俗同",诗圣杜甫仅看到了秋千这种体育游戏在大唐时期开展的盛况和清明节荡秋千的普遍性,但是由于各个民族具有不同的秋千制作技术和娱乐规则,形成了各自不同的荡秋千的独特风格,又因为各民族的文化、环境、性格、信仰、宗教的差异性,各民族在秋千游戏中所外化出的心理情感也大不相同,因此,从秋千文化的传承中,折射出不同民族特有的文化习俗和独特的文化小;心理特征。试图从心理学角度探寻秋千这种体育游戏的民族心理表达内涵的不同。

  4. A Study of Women’s Attitude towards Sport Participation and its Effective Socio-Psychological Factors

    OpenAIRE

    Siroos Ahmadi; Saeed Kargar

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Today, sport is considered as a basic need in all over the world. Participation in sport activities professionally, until recently was a male activity and women had no significant contribution in sport activities. After World War II, however, women's disposition to sport activities changed, because of factors such as improvements in leisure time, living standards, attention to health and fitness, mass media effects, paying more attention to sport achievements, and change in tr...

  5. The Dynamics of Psychological Momentum : A Quantitative Study in Natural Sport Situations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Briki, Walid; Den Hartigh, Ruud J. R.; Bakker, Frank C.; Gernigon, Christophe

    2012-01-01

    The present study examined the dynamics of competitive anxiety and self-confidence, as well as the relationships between these variables, during athletes' experiences of psychological momentum (PM). Male national level table tennis players (Study 1) and swimmers (Study 2) watched one of their recent

  6. A qualitative exploration of the psychological contents and dynamics of momentum in sport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Briki, Walid; Den Hartigh, Ruud J. R.; Hauw, Denis; Gernigon, Christophe

    2012-01-01

    While studies on triggers and outcomes of Psychological Momentum (PM) exist, little is known about the dynamics by which PM emerges and develops over time. Based on video-assisted recalls of PM experiences in table tennis and swimming competitions, this study qualitatively explored the triggering pr

  7. The Dynamics of Psychological Momentum : A Quantitative Study in Natural Sport Situations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Briki, Walid; Den Hartigh, Ruud J. R.; Bakker, Frank C.; Gernigon, Christophe

    2012-01-01

    The present study examined the dynamics of competitive anxiety and self-confidence, as well as the relationships between these variables, during athletes' experiences of psychological momentum (PM). Male national level table tennis players (Study 1) and swimmers (Study 2) watched one of their recent

  8. Mental toughness in sport: motivational antecedents and associations with performance and psychological health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, John W; Gucciardi, Daniel F; Ntoumanis, Nikos; Mallett, Cliff J; Mallet, Cliff J

    2014-06-01

    We argue that basic psychological needs theory (BPNT) offers impetus to the value of mental toughness as a mechanism for optimizing human functioning. We hypothesized that psychological needs satisfaction (thwarting) would be associated with higher (lower) levels of mental toughness, positive affect, and performance and lower (higher) levels of negative affect. We also expected that mental toughness would be associated with higher levels of positive affect and performance and lower levels of negative affect. Further, we predicted that coaching environments would be related to mental toughness indirectly through psychological needs and that psychological needs would indirectly relate with performance and affect through mental toughness. Adolescent cross-country runners (136 male and 85 female, M(age) = 14.36) completed questionnaires pertaining to BPNT variables, mental toughness, and affect. Race times were also collected. Our findings supported our hypotheses. We concluded that BPNT is generative in understanding some of the antecedents and consequences of mental toughness and is a novel framework useful for understanding mental toughness.

  9. A qualitative exploration of the psychological contents and dynamics of momentum in sport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Briki, Walid; Den Hartigh, Ruud J. R.; Hauw, Denis; Gernigon, Christophe

    2012-01-01

    While studies on triggers and outcomes of Psychological Momentum (PM) exist, little is known about the dynamics by which PM emerges and develops over time. Based on video-assisted recalls of PM experiences in table tennis and swimming competitions, this study qualitatively explored the triggering

  10. Club-based and non-club-based physiotherapists' views on the psychological content of their practice when treating sports injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafferty, M E; Kenyon, R; Wright, C J

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to explore whether there were any differences in the psychological content of practice between club-contracted and non-club-contracted physiotherapists when treating sports injuries. Eighty-seven certified physiotherapists (non-club contracted N = 42, club contracted N = 45) from the United Kingdom completed a modified version of the Athletic Training and Sport Psychology Questionnaire (ATSPQ). Results revealed significant between-group differences in psychological skills use and the importance of psychological skills knowledge. Non-club-contracted physiotherapists reported a higher use of improving social support and higher-order psychological skills (e.g., reducing depression, stress, and anxiety) and rated knowledge of these psychological skills to be more important whilst club-contracted physiotherapists reported a higher use of short-term goal settings. These findings suggest that non-club-based physiotherapists may approach the treatment of injured athletes in a different way to their club-based counterparts. Results suggest athletes treated outside of the club system may experience a different recovery process.

  11. 论体育运动与心理健康的关系%On the Relations between Sports and Psychological Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高民

    2011-01-01

    体育运动作为一项身体活动,在强身健体、预防疾病等方面有着重要作用。同时,体育运动在增进心理健康方面的作用也不容忽视。从体育运动与心理健康各要素的关系、体育运动对心理健康的影响等方面进行阐述,系统地分析了体育运动对心理健康的促进作用。%As a physical activity, sports play an important role in physical fitness and disease prevention. At the same time, its function in strengthening psychological health can also not be ignored. The paper describes the relations between sports and elements of psychological health and its influences on psychological health, and then analyzes systematically the promotion role sports play in psychological health.

  12. 消费语境下体育文化符号的社会学意义--运动鞋文化之于大众体育运动的影响%The Sociological Significance of A Sports Culture Symbol Under Consumption Context---The Influence of Sneaker Culture Upon Mass Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜朝辉

    2014-01-01

    本文运用文献研究、问卷调查、随机走访、数理统计与分析法,分析和研究运动鞋文化对于大众体育运动的影响。研究发现,运动鞋文化对于深化大众对体育的认知和认同、培育和催生大众体育新的需求动机、激励和引领大众体育运动参与行为等方面具有重要意义。运动鞋生产商应根据大众文化需求、心理需求和市场需求,研究、设计和生产不同规格、不同品格、不同价格的运动鞋,使运动鞋及其文化人人消费得起、人人乐于消费,让大众体育运动成为每一个人的思想自觉和行为自觉。%Based on literature review ,questionnaire ,random interviews ,mathematical statistics and analysis methods ,this paper has analyzed and studied the influence of sports shoes upon sports culture .The study shows that ,sports shoes culture has positive effects on the deepening of mass sports cognition ,fosters the birth of new identity of mass sports demand motivation ,and is incen‐tive to guide the mass sports participation behaviors .Thus ,sports shoes manufacturers should research ,design and produce sports shoes of different specifications ,characters and prices according to the demand of mass culture ,consumers’ psychology and market so that the sports shoes and cultural is affordable for everyone and everyone is willing to consume ,which make the mass sports be‐come a conscious thought and behavior of each individual .

  13. Sociology and Moral Education: New Directions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musgrave, P. W.

    1976-01-01

    Past work in the field is examined at four levels: the social structural, the institutional, that of action and the social psychological in both the psychological and sociological traditions. Moral choice is analyzed into three components with each component applied to moral education in an attempt to indicate worthwhile future directions for…

  14. 体育文化传媒中“媚”“俗”现象的社会学分析%Sports Culture and Media “Pro” and “Vulgarity” Sociological Analysis of the Phenomenon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱媛媛

    2012-01-01

    体育文化传媒在社会生活中占据重要的地位,尤其是对青少年的影响更为深远。然而,现如今一些媒体,为了迎合大众的视听心理,一味地降低标准,使体育文化传媒中的"媚""俗"现象愈演愈烈。究其原因,这种现象的产生与发展是多种社会因素共同作用的结果。因此,为了体育事业的和谐、可持续发展,遏制体育文化传媒中的"媚""俗"现象已迫在眉睫。%Sports media occupied an important place in the people,especially to adolescents affect more far-reaching.However,today some of the media,in order to pander to popular audio-visual psychology,trying to lower the standard,sport culture in the media "Pro" and "vulgarity" growing phenomenon.The reason,the phenomenon of emergence,development is the result of a variety of social factors,but it is not conducive to harmonious and sustainable development of sports.Therefore,contain sports culture in the media in a timely manner "Pro" and "vulgarity" was imminent.

  15. Understanding how organized youth sport maybe harming individual players within the family unit: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bean, Corliss N; Fortier, Michelle; Post, Courtney; Chima, Karam

    2014-10-01

    Within the United States, close to 45 million youths between the ages of 6 and 18 participate in some form of organized sports. While recent reviews have shown the positive effects of youth sport participation on youth health, there are also several negative factors surrounding the youth sport environment. To date, a comprehensive review of the negative physical and psychological effects of organized sport on youth has not been done and little to date has documented the effect organized sport has on other players within a family, particularly on parents and siblings. Therefore the purpose of this paper is to conduct a review of papers on the negative effects of organized sport on the youth athlete and their parents and siblings. Articles were found by searching multiple databases (Physical Education Index and Sociology, Psychology databases (Proquest), SPORTDiscus and Health, History, Management databases (EBSCOhost), Science, Social Science, Arts and Humanities on Web of Science (ISI), SCOPUS and Scirus (Elsevier). Results show the darker side of organized sport for actors within the family unit. Ideas for future research are drawn and recommendations are made to optimize the youth sport experience and family health.

  16. Emotions and golf performance: An IZOF-based applied sport psychology case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Alexander B; Tenenbaum, Gershon; English, R William

    2006-05-01

    A multiple case study investigation is reported in which emotions and performance were assessed within the probabilistic individual zone of optimal functioning (IZOF) model (Kamata, Tenenbaum,& Hanin, 2002) to develop idiosyncratic emotion-performance profiles. These profiles were incorporated into a psychological skills training (PST) intervention, with a focus on three emotional dimensions, that is, arousal, pleasantness, and functionality, and several psychological strategies employed during practice and competition. Two female varsity golfers at a major Division I university in the Southeast participated in the case study during the Spring 2002 season. The PST intervention resulted in enhanced emotional self-regulation skills and improved golf performance. Directions for future research into the IZOF model and implications for practical application of the model are discussed.

  17. Understanding How Organized Youth Sport May Be Harming Individual Players within the Family Unit: A Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bean, Corliss N.; Fortier, Michelle; Post, Courtney; Chima, Karam

    2014-01-01

    Within the United States, close to 45 million youths between the ages of 6 and 18 participate in some form of organized sports. While recent reviews have shown the positive effects of youth sport participation on youth health, there are also several negative factors surrounding the youth sport environment. To date, a comprehensive review of the negative physical and psychological effects of organized sport on youth has not been done and little thus far has documented the effect organized sport has on other players within a family, particularly on parents and siblings. Therefore the purpose of this paper is to conduct a review of studies on the negative effects of organized sport on the youth athlete and their parents and siblings. Articles were found by searching multiple databases (Physical Education Index and Sociology, Psychology databases (Proquest), SPORTDiscus and Health, History, Management databases (EBSCOhost), Science, Social Science, Arts and Humanities on Web of Science (ISI), SCOPUS and Scirus (Elsevier). Results show the darker side of organized sport for actors within the family unit. A model is proposed to explain under which circumstances sport leads to positive versus negative outcomes, ideas for future research are drawn and recommendations are made to optimize the youth sport experience and family health. PMID:25275889

  18. Understanding How Organized Youth Sport May Be Harming Individual Players within the Family Unit: A Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corliss N. Bean

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Within the United States, close to 45 million youths between the ages of 6 and 18 participate in some form of organized sports. While recent reviews have shown the positive effects of youth sport participation on youth health, there are also several negative factors surrounding the youth sport environment. To date, a comprehensive review of the negative physical and psychological effects of organized sport on youth has not been done and little thus far has documented the effect organized sport has on other players within a family, particularly on parents and siblings. Therefore the purpose of this paper is to conduct a review of studies on the negative effects of organized sport on the youth athlete and their parents and siblings. Articles were found by searching multiple databases (Physical Education Index and Sociology, Psychology databases (Proquest, SPORTDiscus and Health, History, Management databases (EBSCOhost, Science, Social Science, Arts and Humanities on Web of Science (ISI, SCOPUS and Scirus (Elsevier. Results show the darker side of organized sport for actors within the family unit. A model is proposed to explain under which circumstances sport leads to positive versus negative outcomes, ideas for future research are drawn and recommendations are made to optimize the youth sport experience and family health.

  19. International academic history of sport social psychological researches%国际体育社会心理学发展百年回眸

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游茂林

    2016-01-01

    The international sport social psychological researches have a history of more than 110 years, but there is no systematic report on the history until now all over the world. This study analyzed the documents conserved in Sportdiscus to make clear the academic history of sport social psychology. Study found that the scientific research of sport social psychology appeared at the end of 1800s, subsequently it went to low ebb during 1900 to 1929, and until 1930 to 1959 there was a growth momentum. Benefit of the primary researches, the notion of"social psychology of sport" was reported at the end of 1960s, consequently the North American researchers led to construct the new discipline during 1970 to 1989, which is the most active discipline construction up to now;however, its development momentum stopped during 1990s, although there were more related publications, there was little research from the disciplineˊs perspective. Sport social psychological researches are the major part of sport psychology in the 21st century, but there is still little publication that discusses sport social psychology from the discipline perspective, and whatˊs more, the North American researchers have been ignoring the discipline issues of sport social psychology, instead, the recent publications are mainly from European and Chinese researchers.%国际体育社会心理学研究已有110多年的历史,这个过程至今没有被系统介绍。依托国际体育科技文献数据库Sportdiscus储存的相关信息,梳理了国际体育社会心理学研究的学术史,发现科学的体育社会心理学研究出现在19世纪末期,随后在20世纪的前30年(1900-1929)里陷入低潮,从20世纪30年代开始回暖,并在60年代末期凝结出了体育社会心理学的理念,继而北美学者在70~80年代主导了迄今为止最积极的体育社会心理学学科创建工作,但是体育社会心理学在90年代并没有延续前期的学科发展势头,此

  20. View on Developing Excellent Psychological Quality in Shooting Sports%培养良好射击心理素质之我见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜昕; 王涵

    2011-01-01

    通过射击比赛中的典型例子分析了心理素质在射击运动中的重要作用,明确了良好心理素质在射击运动中的重要意义,认为射击技能训练是良好心理素质的基础,心理训练是培养良好射击心理素质的关键,并对培养良好射击心理素质提出了一些个人见解。%The significance of the psychological quality in shooting sports through the typical examples in shooting contests is analyzed.It is also pointed out that good psychological quality can help the athletes to improve the shooting technique,while the excellent shooting technique guarantees athletes' psychological quality through the psychological training.Meanwhile,certain personal perceptions on how to improve psychological quality in shooting sports are expounded.

  1. 高校学生体育心理的分析探讨%Analysis of Colleges and University Students’ Sports Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐劲松

    2014-01-01

    Along with the reform and improvement of college education system,in the process of sports teaching in colleges and universities are paying more and more attention for students to grasp the sports psychology. Ensuring university students’ sports psychological health, enabling them to actively devote to sports,to obtain good health as well as set up positive outlook on life, is responsible for the cause of physical education teaching in colleges and universities.%随着高校教育制度的改革和完善,高校在探究体育教学的过程中越来越重视对学生体育心理的把握。保证高校学生体育心理健康,使他们能够积极地投入运动中去,获得健康体魄的同时也树立积极向上的人生观,是高校体育教育事业的责任。

  2. Thinking about Sports Psychology Load Concept and Its Evaluation%关于体育心理负荷概念及其测评的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦雪梅; 刘震

    2016-01-01

    把近年来对体育心理负荷的研究进行梳理,将体育心理负荷的概念及其测评方法进行概括和总结。研究认为:体育心理负荷是有机体在运动负荷或外部环境刺激的作用下,人的心理结构、神经系统的单位时间工作量。通过人的情绪、意志、注意等模糊指标表现出来;在心理负荷测评中,将量表法和模糊评判法相结合更能准确的进行体育心理负荷的测评。从而为把握体育心理负荷的概念以及测评方法的运用提供借鉴与参考。%In recent years ,researchers have to study sports psychology load to sort out ,the concept of sports psychology load and evaluation methods summed up and summarized .Studies suggest that :sport psychological load is an organism under exercise stress or external environmental stimuli role ,in the psy‐chological workload per unit time structure of the nervous system .Through people's emotions ,will ,at‐tention and other vague indicators manifested ;mental load evaluation ,the scaling method and Fuzzy Com‐bination more accurate evaluation for physical mental load .To provide reference for the application of sports psychology load grasp concepts and assessment methods .

  3. Psychological analysis on people overindulged in electronic sports%电子竞技运动过度沉迷者的心理学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张祝平

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes the psychology prospect of people who indulges in electronic sports excessively from the psychology sight by using ultimate analytic method, literature synthesis method, related analytic method. One kind of psychological phenomenon of taking ego as lurking driving force, taking the electronic world as stage, taking the electronic sports role acting condition process as the script to satisfy their own spirit, in the meantime this article points out the main psychological factor of people who indulges in electronic sports excessively.%运用元分析、文献综合、相关分析等心理学的研究方法,从心理学的视域分析电子竞技运动过度沉迷者的心理愿景,即以“本我”冲动为潜在动力,以电子竞技的电子世界为“舞台”,以电子竞技的角色扮演状况过程为剧本,来满足自身的精神索求的一种心理现象。认为电子竞技过度沉迷者将电子竞技作为对现实生活的延展,将电子竞技作为对自我同一性的认同等,是其过度沉迷的主要心理因素。

  4. Refleksiv Sports Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adamsen, Billy

    2013-01-01

    Sports management and its development is closely linked to the development of modern society and modern rationality. This article applies sociological theories and practical management philosophy to shed light on how sports management and its rationality in Denmark (Europe) and the United States...... have changed and undergone different phases for more than a century, and to show that, in late modernity, they are entering a new phase in which they seem to be more reflexive and communicative. This trend is evident in American sports management and will also soon be reflected in Danish sports...... management. My analysis of this development will also be based on a specific case study from the American world of sports, namely the story of Oakland Athletics baseball club’s reorganisation in the 1990s, because it both provides a rare insight into a modern sports organisation and demonstrates...

  5. Refleksiv Sports Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adamsen, Billy

    2013-01-01

    Sports management and its development is closely linked to the development of modern society and modern rationality. This article applies sociological theories and practical management philosophy to shed light on how sports management and its rationality in Denmark (Europe) and the United States...... have changed and undergone different phases for more than a century, and to show that, in late modernity, they are entering a new phase in which they seem to be more reflexive and communicative. This trend is evident in American sports management and will also soon be reflected in Danish sports...... management. My analysis of this development will also be based on a specific case study from the American world of sports, namely the story of Oakland Athletics baseball club’s reorganisation in the 1990s, because it both provides a rare insight into a modern sports organisation and demonstrates...

  6. 2015 Hans O. Mauksch Address: How Departments Can Respond to the Changing Popularity of the Sociology Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweet, Stephen

    2016-01-01

    While the popularity of the psychology major and the sociology major were comparable in 1970, sociology witnessed a decline while psychology witnessed expansion. This article considers strategies of expanding the popularity of the sociology major, considering data from a variety of sources. Primary recommendations are to configure programs to…

  7. 2015 Hans O. Mauksch Address: How Departments Can Respond to the Changing Popularity of the Sociology Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweet, Stephen

    2016-01-01

    While the popularity of the psychology major and the sociology major were comparable in 1970, sociology witnessed a decline while psychology witnessed expansion. This article considers strategies of expanding the popularity of the sociology major, considering data from a variety of sources. Primary recommendations are to configure programs to…

  8. Racism, empire and sociology

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Andrew

    2017-01-01

    Reviews of Gurminder K Bhambra, Connected Sociologies; Peo Hansen and Stefan Jonsson, Eurafrica: The Untold History of European Integration and Colonialism; Wulf D. Hund, Alana Lentin (eds) Racism and Sociology

  9. Introduktion til klassisk sociologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dupont, Søren

    Papiret introducerer til en række klassiske sociologer: Comte, Spencer, Weber, Durkheim og Habermas......Papiret introducerer til en række klassiske sociologer: Comte, Spencer, Weber, Durkheim og Habermas...

  10. Introduktion til klassisk sociologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dupont, Søren

    Papiret introducerer til en række klassiske sociologer: Comte, Spencer, Weber, Durkheim og Habermas......Papiret introducerer til en række klassiske sociologer: Comte, Spencer, Weber, Durkheim og Habermas...

  11. Sociology as a Vocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lechner, Frank J.

    1990-01-01

    Examines the meaning of practicing sociology, claiming to "commit a social science" still makes sense. Accepts Max Weber's arguments that sociology clarifies human affairs and is oriented to certain virtues. Suggests, however, that sociology is a passion as well as a profession, something Weber recognized but did not elaborate. (NL)

  12. Sociology of justice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liebig, S.; Sauer, C.G.

    2016-01-01

    In this chapter, we provide an overview of the empirical justice research done so far within sociology and aim to contribute to a clearer understanding of what constitutes a sociological approach. In order to do so, we first introduce the multilevel model of sociological explanation and derive four

  13. A Study of Women’s Attitude towards Sport Participation and its Effective Socio-Psychological Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siroos Ahmadi

    2014-01-01

    Occupation .39\t.03\t.42\t.68 On the basis of the figures shown in Table 1, we can say that there is a positive significant relationship between social trust and age with attitude towards sport participation and there is no significant relationship between instrumental personality, self-esteem, marital status, having children or not, education and occupation with attitude toward sport participation. The results also show that social trust and age are able to explain about .09% of the variance of the attitude towards sport participation. Although a positive and significant relationship between social trust and women’s attitude toward sport participation is compatible with theoretical framework, lack of significant relationship between instrumental personality and self-esteem with the attitude towards sport participation is not compatible with theoretical framework. Therefore, it should be considered and justified in terms of socio-cultural situation of women in Iran.

  14. The case for a sociology of dying, death, and bereavement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Neil; Allan, June; Carverhill, Philip A; Cox, Gerry R; Davies, Betty; Doka, Kenneth; Granek, Leeat; Harris, Darcy; Ho, Andy; Klass, Dennis; Small, Neil; Wittkowski, Joachim

    2016-01-01

    Dying, death, and bereavement do not occur in a social vacuum. How individuals and groups experience these phenomena will be largely influenced by the social context in which they occur. To develop an adequate understanding of dying, death, and bereavement we therefore need to incorporate a sociological perspective into our analysis. This article examines why a sociological perspective is necessary and explores various ways in which sociology can be of practical value in both intellectual and professional contexts. A case study comparing psychological and sociological perspectives is offered by way of illustration.

  15. The sociological knowledge and problematic behaviors’ prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aida Serjanaj

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to highlight the importance of sociology knowledge in students attending teaching Master Program, specialists in education, experienced teachers, as well as high school graduates who study sociology in high school. The issues discussed involve not only the role of teacher on recording and straightening such problematic behaviors but even the ways of changing the situation on the future. Phenomena such as: culture, subculture, ethnicity, religion, race and gender diversity, prejudices and discrimination which derive by these kinds of diversities; inequality of social strata, the understanding of social role, cultural norms practicing and their respecting are present in our schools environment. These are reasons why teachers and students must have information about above-mentioned phenomena. Ministry of Education and Sport must add Sociology as a subject of core curricula of high school and teachers programs’ studies.

  16. 行为心理与高校体育场馆的外部造型研究%Behavior Psychology and University Sports Venues External Shape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢艳华

    2013-01-01

    Based on the analysis of the university stadium ext-ernal shape characteristics, combined with the design of al as-pects of the psychological needs this paper researches the inner space environment and other aspects of school sports stadium construction.%本文在分析高校体育场馆外部造型特点的基础上,结合大学生对学校体育建筑设计各方面的心理需求对体育馆的内部空间环境等方面进行研究。

  17. Examining the psychological factors associated with involvement in fantasy sports: An analysis of participants’ motivations and constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Ik Suh

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examined how fantasy sport participants’ motives and constraints influence their attitudes toward fantasy sports participation. Furthermore, the study attempted to develop a reliable and valid model through which researchers can measure fantasy sports participation-related motivations and constraints. The proposed model for motivations consisted of 21 items with seven dimensions (i.e., economic, social interaction, escape, fantasy, achievement, knowledge, and pass time and the model for constraints consisted of 15 items with five dimensions (i.e., time, accessibility, lack of interest, lack of partners, and lack of knowledge for fantasy sports participants. The Structural Equation Modeling (SEM method with a convenience sample of 161 participants was employed to analyze the conceptual framework and psychometric property of the scale. Motivations for fantasy sports participants were positively and significantly related to and constraints for fantasy sports participants were negatively and significantly related to their attitude toward fantasy sports participation. These results and future implications for practical and theoretical research are also discussed.

  18. Perfect the Academic Cognition of the International Sport Psychology Society to Norman Triplett%完善国际运动心理学界对Norman Triplett 的认知

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游茂林

    2014-01-01

    深入考察19世纪末期国际运动心理学研究情况,重审 Triplett (1898)与运动心理学的关系,发现 Triplett (1898)被看作运动心理学研究,不仅因为它关注“competition effect”,更在于其理论基础、研究对象、研究结论都密切联系体育比赛,它包含理论推导、实验检验、结果分析等环节,特别是采用实验和数理统计法,明显区别于同时代以哲学观为基础的现象学分析或模仿自然科学的实验报告,可谓科学运动心理学诞生的代表作。根据现代运动心理学理论,Triplett (1898)具有较高的研究水平,但它没有明显支持运动心理学的学科创建。%Although this research includes some sport factors ,the historical information indicates that Triplett (1898) is not the first research or experiment of sport psychology because of the research target ,theory basis and experiment program ,and it is better to treat it as a popular psychology research related with sport .Thinking of the situation of sport psychology research during the end of 1900s ,the research model of Triplett(1898) significantly built a bridge be-tween philosophy analysis and scientific measure ,which solved some sport psychology research problems such as the pure theory analysis is lack of proof and the pure quantitative investiga-tion is lack of theoretical depth ,and shown the discipline trait of sport psychology which is be-tween society and science .In summary ,Triplett (1898 ) is like the “ape” in the process of sport psychology goes to science from philosophy ,and the research model showed (present the theoretical hypotheses ,empirical study ,conclusions ) which is the best symbol .According to the modern sport psychology theories ,Triplett (1898) which includes higher academic values , but there is no significant support for the development of sport psychology .

  19. A meta-analytic review of the approach-avoidance achievement goals and performance relationships in the sport psychology literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Lochbaum

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: The performance goal contrast holds value for sport performance research. Contrary to approach-avoidance predictions, the mastery-approach goal and performance effect size was significant and of equal magnitude as the performance approach goal and performance effect size. Thus, future research should closely test the efficacy of both the mastery- and performance contrasts in impacting performance of sport tasks. Last, the significant effect sizes reported in this review are in stark contrast to contemporary meta-analytic findings in education. Differences in the approach-avoidance goals in sport and education relative to performance should be researched further.

  20. Nigerian Journal of Clinical and Counselling Psychology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigerian Journal of Clinical and Counselling Psychology. ... paediatric and ethical aspects of the applied field of clinical and counselling psychology. ... which have a close bearing on psychology such as psychiatry, sociology, social work, ...

  1. 体育教学中学生心理障碍的探讨及对策研究%Study and countermeasures of students' psychological obstacles in sports teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李磊; 王洪祥; 刘红梅

    2013-01-01

    Students' psychological along with the whole process of sports teaching, the psychological barrier of students have a direct impact on sports skill learning, seriously hindered the improvement of sports skills. This paper elaborates the common psychological barriers to physical education teaching high school students, analysis, and put forward effective solutions.%  学生的心理伴随着体育教学的整个过程,其中心理障碍的产生直接影响学生对体育技能动作的学习,严重阻碍了体育技能的提高。本文对体育教学中学生常见的心理障碍进行阐述、分析,并且提出有效的解决措施。

  2. The Sociological Imagination -- A Basis for Teaching of Introductory Sociology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Michael Quinn

    1974-01-01

    The problem in teaching introductory sociology is to determine what can be extracted from the sociological tradition and the current crisis in sociology that will help students lead more meaningful lives. The answer lies in kindling the sociological imagination by the development of a sociology curriculum based upon the study of contemporary youth…

  3. High-performance sports medicine

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Speed, Cathy

    2013-01-01

    High performance sports medicine involves the medical care of athletes, who are extraordinary individuals and who are exposed to intensive physical and psychological stresses during training and competition...

  4. 散打运动员运动性心理疲劳与心理反应%The Sports Mental Fatigue and Psychological Responses of Sanda Athletes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟海江; 姚彬彬

    2012-01-01

    散打运动员运动性心理疲劳的心理反应表明:情绪应激能使情绪和体力耗竭、运动负评价达到显著正向预测作用,自我调节可以使成就感降低、运动负评价达到显著负向预测作用,心理反应对散打运动员情绪耗竭和体力耗竭的预测效果大于对成就感降低和运动负评价的预测效果。%The result shows that The emotional stress has tremendously positive prediction of emotion and labour exhaustion and sport negative evaluation;Self regulation has obviously negative prediction of lower sense of achievement and sport negative evaluation;the prediction results of psychological responses on Sanda athletes's emotion and labour exhaustion are better than that on reduced sense of accomplishment and sport negative evaluation.

  5. Possible ways of cooperation commercial institutions of physical training and sports with the subjects of services

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yuri Dutchak

    2015-01-01

    ... (analysis, comparison, generalization), sociological (interview), expert evaluation (n=3). Results: possible ways of cooperation commercial institutions of physical training and sports with travel agencies...

  6. The Document Metrological Review of Sports Psychology Research Since the 1980s in China%1980年以来我国竞技心理研究热点的计量学述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建秀; 林岭; 张燕; 李克雪; 邱文豪

    2015-01-01

    Sports psychology has always been one of the main research directions in the field of sports psychology at home and abroad .This paper is mainly based on 315 keywords from Sports Psychology (ZHANG Li‐wei and MAO Zhi‐xiong ,editor in chief of East China Normal University Publishing House) as the main reference ,through the literature review since 1980 in sports psychology research hotspot of summary ,classification and measurement analysis and commentary .The result shows that since 1980s ,the amount of sports psychology literature re‐search in China tend to be a continuous growth ,now in the period of exponential growth ,cog‐nitive psychology ,social psychology ,mental status are the main subjects of sport psychology which researchers focused on in China ;while the anxiety ,cognition ,encouragement ,ego ,emo‐tion are key words of sports psychology research during the five years .%竞技运动心理学一直就是国内外运动心理学界关注的主要研究方向之一。本研究以《运动心理学》(张力为毛志雄主编华东师范大学出版社)后315个主题词为主要参考依据,通过文献资料调研对1980年以来竞技运动心理学领域的研究热点进行总结、分类及计量学分析和述评。研究表明:1980年以来,我国竞技运动心理学热点研究的文献量呈连续增长的趋势,现处于指数增长阶段;认知心理、社会心理、心理状态等是国内运动心理学研究者近5年关注的热门主题;焦虑、认知、激励、自我、情绪等成为近5年竞技运动心理学领域的10大研究热点词。

  7. Sociología

    OpenAIRE

    Agulló Calatayud, Víctor; Martínez Haro, Aurelio

    2005-01-01

    Voz Sociología. Gran Enciclopedia de la Comunitat Valenciana. Se define el concepto de Sociología situando sus orígenes, proceso de institucionalización, análisis de la situación actual, herramientas y finalidad de esta Ciencia Social prestando una especial atención al caso valenciano (España). Sociology. Gran Enciclopedia de la Comunitat Valenciana. The concept of Sociology is defined by placing its origins, institutionalization process, analysis of the current situation, tools and purpos...

  8. Sports Nutrition: What the Future may Bring

    OpenAIRE

    Campbell Bill; Kalman Douglas S

    2004-01-01

    Abstract The field of sports nutrition is a dynamic one. Core competencies in exercise physiology, psychology, integrated metabolism and biochemistry are the initial parameters for a successful career in sports nutrition. In addition to the academic fundamentals, it is imperative that the sports nutritionist understand the sport in which our client participates. This sport specific understanding should manifest itself in fuel utilization, mechanics of movement, as well as psychological proces...

  9. Psicologia do esporte: uma área emergente da psicologia Psicología del deporte: un area emergente de la psicología Sport psychology: an emergent field in psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenamar Fiorese Vieira

    2010-06-01

    Sport Psychology field as a psychologist's emergent field of action in Brazil. A historical analysis is performed concerning the path of Sport Psychology presenting the areas of professional action (research, teaching and intervention, the role of the sport psychologist (researcher, academic teacher and consultant and the field's recent scientific state. Although the vast professional field, the diversity of knowledge needed to act in this subdivision of Psychology is an intervening element, resulting in an insufficient professional formation and a division of the professional action into two specialties: the Clinical Psychology and Educational Psychology applied to sport. Finally, it is highlighted the emergency in the comprehension of this aspects, providing background to understand the importance of the professional qualification in the field of Sport and Physical Exercise.

  10. The essence of sporting embodiment: phenomenological analyses of the sporting body

    OpenAIRE

    Allen-Collinson, Jacquelyn; Hockey, John

    2009-01-01

    Whilst in recent years the sociology of sport has taken to heart vociferous calls ‘to bring the body back in’ to analyses of sporting activity, the ‘promise of phenomenology’ signalled by Kerry and Armour (2000), remains under-realised with regard to sporting embodiment. Surprisingly, given the focus of study, relatively few accounts are truly grounded in the corporeal realities of the lived, sensuous sporting body. Phenomenology offers us a powerful framework for such analysis and has been a...

  11. “自我的道德地形学” 一个具有心理学和社会学意涵的本体诠释学理论%"The Moral Topography of the Self":An Ontological Hermeneutical Theory with Psychological and Sociological Implications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐冰

    2012-01-01

    The introduction and application of hermeneutics by contemporary Chinese scholars mainly focus on the fields of philosophy, theology, law, and literary theory, while the psychological and sociological implications of this approach are often neglected. "The moral topography of the self" by CharlesTaylor, a representative of the hermeneutical approach in contemporary social theories, will correct the bias. The "topography" leads to the main parts of Taylor's great book Sources of the Self, and occupies a basic position in his hermeneutical thoughts. Earlier than Sources of the Self, this theory was first published in a collection about the relationships between hermeneutics and psychological theories. Its sociological implications were demonstrated in Taylor's famous political theoretical paper The Politics of Recognition, which took it as its theoretical basis. In this writing, Taylorabsorbed and revised the classical psychological and sociological thoughts of Freud, Weber, and Durkheim, turning the "topography" into an ontological hermeneutical theory with the power of interpreting complicated historical experiences in a clear way. This theory has extraordinary significance to the "cultural self-awareness" of Chinese Sociology and Psychology, because it can strongly stimulate the interest of "cultural self-awareness" in empirical studies, that is, to highlight the cultural subjectivity and communicate peacefully between cultures. Both psychology and sociology embedded in culture have integrative perspectives which make these two sciences being recognized as the fundamental disciplines of humanity and social sciences. And between the two, sociology is more outstanding in its integrative power. Taylor's discussion of "the moral topography of the self" originates from psychological issues but concludes with strong sociological implications. This way of thinking and its framework are helpful to psychology and sociology, the latter, in

  12. The Analysis on "Kidult" Phenomenon among Contemporary Youth --- Studied in Psychological and Sociological Views%当代青年kidult现象探析——以心理学和社会学为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鞠阳

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays, the "kiduh" phenomenon is a subculture among the youth. The phenomenon embodies young adults' regressing of childishness and their popular pursuit of nostalgia, by which the adults want to deal with the complex adult society. The phenomenon is caused by complicated reasons. Studied in psychological view, it can be explained as the awakening of sub-consciousness in childhood; while in sociological view, it can be understood as the relief of the pressure from adult society and the disadvantages of current education. We should make the phenomenon avoid disadvantages and develop with advantages by changing our education ideas and increasing education contents.%Kidult现象是当今社会流行的青年亚文化,它表现为成年青年人回归幼稚和追求怀旧,试图以此应对复杂的成人社会。这种现象的产生具有复杂的原因,从心理学的角度可以解读为童年潜意识的唤醒,从社会学的角度可以理解为缓解成人社会的压力和当今教育的缺失。为了使kidult文化现象趋利避害,必须在教育层面转变教育理念和增加教育内容。

  13. Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  14. Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  15. Athletic Training Students' Perceptions of and Academic Preparation in the Use of Psychological Skills in Sport Injury Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamphoff, Cindra S.; Hamson-Utley, J. Jordan; Antoine, Beth; Knutson, Rebecca; Thomae, Jeffrey; Hoenig, Catherine

    2010-01-01

    Context: Injured athletes rely on athletic trainers to assist them when recovering from injury. Over the last 20 years, the use of psychological skills to speed recovery has become increasingly popular. Objective: Explore athletic training students' perceptions of the importance and effectiveness of psychological skills in the rehabilitation of…

  16. Sociology through Photography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyde, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    This chapter describes how photography can inspire and cultivate sociological mindfulness. One set of assignments uses self-portraiture to highlight the complexity of visual representations of social identity. Another uses photography to guide sociological inquiry. Both sets of assignments draw on the Literacy Through Photography methodology,…

  17. Følelsernes sociologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Følelsernes sociologi præsenterer en række toneangivende teorier om følelsernes sociale funktion og rummer bidrag om den klassiske sociologi hos blandet andet Marx, Weber og Durkheim samt nyere teorier. Fænomener som fremmedgørelse og blaserthed er klassiske i sociologien, men også frygt, skam...

  18. Sociology through Photography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyde, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    This chapter describes how photography can inspire and cultivate sociological mindfulness. One set of assignments uses self-portraiture to highlight the complexity of visual representations of social identity. Another uses photography to guide sociological inquiry. Both sets of assignments draw on the Literacy Through Photography methodology,…

  19. A Comparative Study on American and Turkish Students? Self Esteem in Terms of Sport Participation: A Study on Psychological Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yigiter, Korkmaz

    2014-01-01

    The present research was conducted in order to compare self-esteem of American students with Turkish students in terms of the sport participation at the universities. For this purpose, a total of 460 students (M age = 19,61 ± 1,64) voluntarily participated in the study from two universities. As data collection tool, Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem…

  20. A Comparative Study on American and Turkish Students? Self Esteem in Terms of Sport Participation: A Study on Psychological Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yigiter, Korkmaz

    2014-01-01

    The present research was conducted in order to compare self-esteem of American students with Turkish students in terms of the sport participation at the universities. For this purpose, a total of 460 students (M age = 19,61 ± 1,64) voluntarily participated in the study from two universities. As data collection tool, Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem…

  1. The Anatomy of the Sports Scandal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Storm, Rasmus K.; Wagner, Ulrik

    Sports scandals are often discussed in the media and the research literature without any deeper reflections on their specificities or development. As the economic and political significance of sport seems to grow in correspondence to the development of globalization, the call for a sociological u...

  2. History of Sport and Physical Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Louise, Ed.

    The reports from this conference deal with the sources, manifestations, and influences of sports and physical education over time, geography, and cultures. Written in a non-technical manner, the twenty-eight articles deal with the relationship of sports to (among others) politics, art, dance, mythology, religion, economics, sociology, and…

  3. Sport in the Sociocultural Process. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Marie

    This anthology is an introduction to the sociocultural study of sport for those in physical education, sociology, anthropology, or any other study of human behavior in the social process. Part I provides a cultural framework, a series of definitions, and some understandings of the cultural setting of sport in American society as an orientation to…

  4. The Sociology of Emotions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Rabbani Khorasghani

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe sociology of emotions as one of the sub-disciplines of sociology received attention aroundthe late 70s and mid 80s in American sociology. During this period several important contributionstook place to make the roots of the sub-discipline robust. Drawing upon five theoretical discourses,this paper aimed at presenting a general picture of emotions in sociology. Among all, Shott’ssymbolic interactionist theory and Hochschild’s normative theory, which are labeled as socialconstructionist approaches, together with structural-relational theory of Kemper and Collins’sconflict theory, which are categorized as positivist approaches, are discussed. Having reviewedthese four theories, the paper goes on to consider synthetic approach introduced by Turner, which isknown as general sociological theory of emotions.

  5. On Connotation and Meaning of Sports Psychological Quality of Contemporary College Students%论当代大学生体育心理素质的内涵及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左雄伟

    2015-01-01

    本文通过文献资料法,对体育心理素质的内涵,以及培养大学生体育心理素质发展的现实意义进行分析。研究认为:通过培养大学生体育心理素质,可有效调节大学生心理情绪,培养大学生的团结意识,使大学生养成终身体育的习惯,提高大学生的整体素质。%The paper analyzes connotation of sports psychological quality and realistic meaning of developing college students’sports psychological quality with the method of literature.Research shows that through cultivating college students’sports psychological quality,their psychological mood are effectively regulated;their sense of solidarity cultivated;their habit of lifelong sports formed and comprehensive quality improved.

  6. The Influence of Nationality Traditional Sports Teaching on Psychological Health of College Students%民族传统体育教学对大学生心理健康的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋证远; 张新中

    2012-01-01

    通过运用文献资料法、访谈法、心理测试法、统计分析法、试验法,结合民族传统体育项目在体育教学中的应用,旨在探讨民族传统体育对大学生心理健康水平的影响,以期为提高大学生的心理健康水平和体育教学改革提供参考依据。%Through using literature and materials method, interview, psychometrics, statistical analysis method, experiment and the application of nationality traditional sports to physical education teaching, this paper aims to discuss the influence of nationality traditional sports on psychological health of college students in order to provide reference for improving psychological health level of college students and sports teaching reform.

  7. Psychological factors and sports injuries in olympic wrestling and taekwondo FACTORES PSICOLÓGICOS Y LESIONES DEPORTIVAS EN LUCHA OLÍMPICA Y TAEKWONDO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Almarcha Teruel

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract

    In the last years it has increased the interest for the study of the relation between psychological factors and sport injuries. Considering these as negative and inevitable events in the sports context, in the present study we approach two disciplines that have traditionally experienced high incidence rates, Olympic wrestling and taekwondo. With a sample of 34 athletes of both modalities, the most important results indicate similar scores, though slightly higher on all scales of IPED (Sports Performance Psychological Inventory in taekwondo, but statistically significant differences are not obtained, as in the comparison between international and national competitors athletes. The injury rate is 2,42 injuries for athlete and season in wrestling, and 2,60 in taekwondo, and they appreciate statistically significant differences (p <, 01 on having compared to athletes of national level (1,90 injuries and international (3,46 for season.  Significant correlations have been also obtained between the number of injuries and the scales of the IPED Self-confidence, Negative Energy Control and Positive Energy Control, being these of negative sign. 

    Key words: Sports injuries, olympic wrestling, taekwondo, sport psychology.

    Resumen

    En los últimos años ha aumentado el interés por el estudio de la relación entre las variables psicológicas y las lesiones deportivas. Considerando éstas como acontecimientos negativos e inevitables en el contexto deportivo, en el presente estudio abordamos dos disciplinas que tradicionalmente han registrado altas cifras de incidencia, lucha olímpica y  taekwondo. Con una muestra de 34 deportistas de ambas modalidades, los resultados más destacados indican puntuaciones similares, aunque algo superiores en todas las escalas del IPED (Inventario Psicológico de Ejecución Deportiva en los practicantes de taekwondo, si bien no se obtienen diferencias

  8. 基于消费心理学促河南体育旅游营销策略变化%Based on the Consumption Psychology Researching Sports Tourism Marketing Strategy Innovation in Henan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵聪

    2012-01-01

    Sports tourism in China already has certain market scale, become an important part of tourism. Facing the sports tourism development opportunities, henan area how to scientifically and rationally, is the current development of sports tourism expect to solve problems. This article from sports tourism and consumer psychology, discusses tour operator in sports tourism development problems that should be paid attention to in, pertinently put forward effective improve and satisfy the sports tourists consumption demand, realize the sports tourism new breakthrough preliminary strategy and Suggestions.%体育旅游在我国已具备一定的市场规模,成为旅游业的一个重要组成部分。面对体育旅游的发展机遇,河南地区如何科学、合理地发展体育旅游,是当前期待解决的问题。本文从体育旅游及消费者的心理入手,探讨旅游经营者在体育旅游项目开发中所应注意的问题,有针对性地提出有效提高和满足体育旅游者消费需求、实现体育旅游新突破的初步策略和建议。

  9. 社会心理:体育利益调整与制约因素分析%SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY:ANALYSIS OF SPORTS INTEREST ADJUSTMENT AND CONSTRAINTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈涛

    2015-01-01

    社会心理、经济基础和政治理念共同而有差别地制约着体育利益调整,社会心理制约体育利益调整的相对性、潜在性、复杂性等特点,决定了其在经济必然性要求下的一种深层次制约因素。任何体育政策的实施必须得到社会心理的支持才能发挥制度的预期效能。体育利益调整只有主动应对社会心理的影响和制约,才能够实现人们对待体育利益调整的心理状态由冲突走向更新,保障体育制度质量。%Social psychology, economic basis and political ideas restrict sports interest adjustment commonly and differently. Social psychology restricts sports interest adjustment, embodying such characteristics as relativity, potentiality and complexity, which determine a further constraint in the demand of economic necessity. The implementation of any sports policy must be supported by social psychology to present the expected effectiveness of the system. Only when sports interest adjustment can adapt to social psychology influences and constraints, can it achieve the adjustment of psychological states from conflict to re-newal, ensuring the quality of sports system.

  10. Making Research Sociological

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaitanya Mishra

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Developing a distinctive disciplinary vantage point is crucial to becoming a professional. Thesis writing at the Master's level allows the professional opportunity of thinking and writing independently. For students of Sociology in particular, it is fundamental to recognize that the social is everywhere. There is nothing that is not socially constituted. Further on, a Sociology student should develop the sociological vantage point in order to see how the social is constituted. This the student can do by engaging and ‘dialoguing' with well-known sociological theorists. The student will then be able to think about how and why societies are historically constituted, how and why societies are diverse, internally differentiated and hierarchized and how and why societies transform themselves. They will learn to unravel the relationship between different levels of a society. In addition, they will also learn the significance of the structure even as they visualize historical human agents change the structure. Keywords: Social; Sociological; Sociological Imagination; Thesis Writing; Social Relationship; Institutions DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v3i0.2779 Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.3 2009 1-18

  11. Current status and future challenges in psychological research of sport injury prediction and prevention : a methodological perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Urban; Tranaeus, Ulrika; Ivarsson, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this critical review was to propose methodological developments in sport injury prediction and prevention research. Altogether, 24 studies (e.g., quantitative, qualitative, and prevention intervention studies) conducted from 2006 forward were analysed, related to the “stress-injury model.” The injury prediction studies were mostly based on prospective designs, using regression analysis, and studied trait anxiety and life stress. The qualitative studies used mainly thematic anal...

  12. Sociology Back to the Publics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ossewaarde, Marinus R.R.

    2007-01-01

    This article is a reading of the `new sociology' that is mainly identified with the works of C. Wright Mills and Alvin Gouldner. Its main argument is that during the past 40 years the new sociology gave back a public face to sociology. This distinguishes it from the `old sociology' that had not been

  13. Mobile sociology. 2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urry, John

    2010-01-01

    This article seeks to develop a manifesto for a sociology concerned with the diverse mobilities of peoples, objects, images, information, and wastes; and of the complex interdependencies between, and social consequences of, such diverse mobilities. A number of key concepts relevant for such a sociology are elaborated: 'gamekeeping', networks, fluids, scapes, flows, complexity and iteration. The article concludes by suggesting that a 'global civil society' might constitute the social base of a sociology of mobilities as we move into the twenty-first century.

  14. 农村体育的变迁及社会学分析--基于甘肃省通渭县农村体育研究%Sociological Analysis on Sports Change in County Rural of Tongwei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王峰; 张学军

    2015-01-01

    The use of methods such as field studies, Tongwei rural sports change since the founding of new China, characteristics and social factors in changing the course of studies of the role. Some theoretical exploration of rural sports change. Research indicates that: rural sports of changes experience has five a stage; its features has civil traditional sports and modern sports of mutual fusion, and rural sports equipment, and funding of growth and sports management system of perfect,;social political environment on rural sports changes up with oriented role, and economic development level is rural sports changes of based conditions, and cultural and education of development for rural sports changes provides has external of power, and population integrated quality of improve and farmers labor lifestyle of change for rural sports provides has inherent power, and Development of the mass media are secondary means of rural sports change.%采用实地研究等方法,对新中国成立以来通渭农村体育变迁的历程、特征及社会各因素在变迁中的作用进行研究。研究表明:农村体育的变迁经历了五个阶段;其特征有民间传统体育与现代体育的相互融合,农村体育设备、经费的增长和体育管理制度的完善等;社会政治环境对农村体育变迁起着导向作用、经济发展水平是农村体育变迁的基础条件、文化与教育的发展为农村体育变迁提供了外在的动力、人口综合素质的提高和农民劳动生活方式的改变为农村体育提供了内在动力、大众传媒的发展是农村体育变迁的辅助手段。

  15. MINDFULNESS AND SPORT PERFORMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Israel Mañas

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Mindfulness in sports is a recent field. While sport psychology relied mainly on “second wave” cognitive-behavioural interventions for the last four decades, a new approach has recently been developed in sport psychology including mindfulness: a “third wave” approach. This new approach assumes that ideal performance is a state that is not based on self-control or change in behaviour, but rather a state that arises from recognition and acceptance of thoughts, emotions and bodily sensations. Practicing mindfulness allows learns to observe and accept the thoughts, emotions, and body sensations, without making any attempt to eliminate or modify them. This paper reviews the main programs of mindfulness in sport performance both from the “third wave”: Mindful Sport Performance Enhancement (MSPE and Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment(MAC.

  16. Project Management in Russia: Sociologic Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A O Gomaleev

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Sociologic approach to project management allows to highlight the problems aroused by discrepancies between real management practices and ideal models; to determine basic socio-psychological barriers that impede project management in Russia; to classify real management practices on the basis of their correlation to project management; to single out basic types of projects implemented in Russian businesses; to work out practical recommendations on overcoming social barriers of developing the system of project management is Russia.

  17. [straus: The Two Medical Sociologies].

    OpenAIRE

    Nunes, Everardo Duarte

    2015-01-01

    Robert Straus' pioneer work, The nature and status of Medical Sociology, written in 1957, was reviewed. Straus, one of the founders of medical sociology, made major contributions to this field and created the first department of behavior sciences in a medical school. In the work reviewed, Straus establishes the differences between sociology in medicine and medical sociology. Comments are made on the current perspective of medical sociology and about the author.

  18. 体育文化心理结构的理论初探:可能及限度%Possibilities and Limitations of Psychological Structure of Sport Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭远兵; 漆昌柱

    2013-01-01

    体育文化的研究方向是要打破学科画地为牢的偏见,突破学理层面的反复论争,借鉴自然科学的研究方法。该文从心理主义、功能反观结构和“体育人”构念切入,分析体育文化存在心理结构的可能性,又从反心理主义、方法论困境和强范式与弱范式分析视角解析了可能性限度,以此为体育文化实证化和结构化研究做理论初探。%The trend of researching on sport culture is to break through hedging-in tradition between disciplines and repeated doctrinal controversy, and to introduce methods of natural science. The article analyzes the possibilities of psychological structure within sport culture from the perspectives of psychologism, function of sport culture and physical cultural man,and then interprets the limitations of the possibilities from the point of anti-psychologism,methodological predicament and perspective of strong program and weak program for the purpose of making preliminary theoretical research for empirical study and structured study on sport culture.

  19. Sociology of Discourse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    Sociology of Discourse takes the perspective that collective actors like social movements are capable of creating social change from below by creating new institutions through alternative discourses. Institutionalization becomes a process of moving away from existing institutions towards creating...

  20. The achievement of sociology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Giner

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay begins saying that the contemporary conscience wouldn’t be the same without the presence of sociology – a human science and not only social – which is, in the group of the social sciences, the cognitive science that studies the human condition. Sociology is a multidimensional science, being its history that one of a discipline that cumulates objective knowledge. However, only the ethics of objectivity is not enough to cultivate the human sciences. They will encompass amplitude, as well as theoretical dignity, only if grounded on our moral competence. Finally it states that the continuity of the sociological mode in the modern culture and its current hegemony are justified only if sociology keeps faithful to the principles of rational intention on one hand, and to the humanism on the other, without losing, between them, the space of the social structure of liberty and the human dreams.

  1. SOCIOLOGICAL JURISPRUDENCE: ROSCOE POUND'S ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eliasn

    identifiable in a lot of the older jurisprudential theory of insisting upon one ... information to be found in more than half a century's worth of academic work. .... 15 E. Nalbandian (2010) "Sociological Jurisprudence – General Introduction to.

  2. Sociología rural vs. Sociología pesquera. (Rural Sociology vs. Fishing Sociology.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña Marugán Pintos

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available De forma recurrente, hasta hace no mucho tiempo, lo rural se ha conceptualizado como la dimensión espacial relativa a poblaciones pequeñas y homogéneas, dominadas por una cultura tradicional y un sentir comunitario. Partiendo de esta descripción, la sociología rural debería haberse ocupado de toda la población que habita este espacio y sin embargo, sólo se ha centrado en la agraria. Lo agrario ha absorbido a lo rural y la sociología rural ha olvidando a colectivos como el pesquero. Pero, ¿por qué la sociología rural no se ha ocupado de lo pesquero? La respuesta inicial fue valorar esta ausencia como una limitación de la sociología rural ya que algunas personas han compatibilizado la pesca y la agricultura y la mayoría de la población pesquera habita en espacios rurales, desarrolla un tipo de pesca artesanal y es partícipe de un modo de vida tradicional. Sin embargo, a medida que se profundiza en esta reflexión surge la idea de que el análisis de la pesca sería más pertinente desde una sociología propia e incluso de una sociología general que acabe con la excesiva especialización en esta disciplina. “Rural” has regularly been conceptualized in spatial terms relative to small towns and homogeneous populations, determined by their traditional culture and communitarian values. Following this definition, Rural Sociology should have concerned itself with all the populations living in these areas but, in fact, it only had been focused in agrarian populations. Why Rural Sociology didn’t pay any attention to fishermen and fisheries? The initial response may be to interpret as disciplinary limitation of Rural Sociology, but at the end this article concludes that sociological perspectives would be better oriented by a general sociological approach, which rejects excesive disciplinary specialization.

  3. VIOLENCE AND AGGRESSIVENESS IN SPORTS. ETIOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria LULESCU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The present paper analyses the causes that lead to violent behaviour in sport (from the social, economic, biological and psychological factors to the violent patterns promoted by mass media and it identifies the measures that could be adopted for preventing and fighting against this widespread phenomenon in today’s society. The phenomenon of violence in sport appeared subsequent to the “Sport Revolution”, which occurred in the 19th century, when sport became a mass and democratic phenomenon. Today sport is accessible to all society members for whom it has acquired cultural and economic importance; however, it is generally agreed that sport events are more or less frequently accompanied by violent behaviour on the part of most or some of its supporters. This scientific article enumerates the causes that trigger violent behaviour in society: from the inner ones (tension, fear, lack of success, incapacity to the social, biological, psychological and economic ones (lack of education, illnesses, trauma and poverty. Similarly, the present article analyses the influence of mass media upon human behaviour while taking into consideration two paradigms: there is a former paradigm, according to which mass media strongly influence human behaviour, by inculcating upon people violent reactions; there is a latter paradigm, according to which the influence of mass media on human behaviour is relatively insignificant for it is the individual that controls this influence. In this paper I have also analysed the risk factors that trigger violence and aggressiveness on stadiums, according to the inquiries made by the Ministry of Administration and Domestic Affairs. As solutions for violence prevention and deterrence, I have suggested: - the implementation of the objectives promoted by the Olympic Movement, which may contribute to the formation of a better and more peaceful world through the education of the youth in accordance with the principles and values of

  4. Sports Season, Sports Bars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ For foreigners in Beijing, the sports bar is a special place, a place to gather for watching matches and a place to feel the familiarity of home, while for some sports enthusiasts it serves as their second home.

  5. Sociological concept of generation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marjanović Miloš

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sociological concept of generation should be distinguished from biological and statistical, and they discussed all three of its meaning. In a sociological sense, it is characterized by a common historical experience that has its own internal and external, subjective and objective dimension. In sociology it was introduced by Dilthey, one of the main representatives of historicism, and which is characterized by discontinuous conception of history and emphasizing specificity of cultural epochs. In contemporary sociology, this concept was reaffirmed under the strong influence of Mannheim who argued that the generation is in the range of analytical categories of class and nation. The major historical generations in our society are pointed. Four generations are considered as the main age groups but also as social constructs children, youth, middle aged and old people. Their status in the traditional and contemporary, especially in our society is pointed. In the research of generation and its main forms have formed a special sociological disciplines, except for the middle-aged who are, as a generation, at least sociologically studied.

  6. Classroom Demonstrations of Social Psychological Principles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singleton, Royce Jr.

    1978-01-01

    Describes eight classroom activities which instruct college level sociology students about major concepts and principles of social psychology. Concepts include gestalt psychology, nonverbal communication, adaptation level, relative deprivation, selective exposure, labeling, sexism, and perceptual distortion. (Author/DB)

  7. Analysis on the Improvement of the Learning Psychology and Behavior of Middle School Students with Difficulties in Sports Learning%中学体育差生体育学习心理和行为改进探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘剑; 孙克诚

    2013-01-01

    体育差生在体育教学中处于相对弱势的地位,但同时也是体育教学必须正视的群体。在“健康第一”理念下,中学体育课需要直面和重视体育差生,而只有探究体育差生体育学习心理和行为改进措施,才能提升体育教学实效。%Students with difficulties in sports learning are in a rel-atively weak position in sports teaching, but they are also the group we teachers must face up to in sports teaching. Under the concept of"health first", students with difficulties in sports learn-ing should be faced up to and paid attention to in middle school sports course, and only through exploring measures of improving their learning psychology and behavior can improve the effect of sports teaching.

  8. Report on the third International Martial Arts and Combat Sports Scientific Society (IMACSSS Conference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Brizin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The present report provides a brief account of the Conference “Man - Martial Arts - Humanism”, held by the International Martial Arts and Combat Sport Scientific Society (IMACSSS on October 15th - 17th, 2014 in Rzeszów, Poland. During this international conference, scientists from various universities presented their actual projects and results of their latest projects in the field of martial arts and combat sports (MA&CS. Subjects covered a wide range, starting with anthropology, sociology, history, philosophy, psychology, reaching up to pedagogy and didactic methodology, bio-technical approaches and theoretical structures in MA&CS. The conference drew more than 120 participants and contributed to the formation of a close network in the community of the scientists conducting research within the field of MA&CS.

  9. Main Benefit Conflicts in Chinese Professional Sports during Social Transition and Analysis of Sociological Causes%社会转型期我国职业体育主要利益冲突及社会学成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金宗强; 姜卫芬; 赵培军; 李强

    2016-01-01

    以政府职能转变为视角,剖析当前我国职业体育主要利益冲突及其社会学成因,为职业体育治理模式和治理策略的开发提供理论基础.研究表明:1)在社会转型期,我国职业体育利益主体之间的冲突多元化:职业体育俱乐部与项目协会间为目标、角色与地位等冲突;项目协会与媒体间的冲突为负面报道带来的形象受损;俱乐部与媒体间的冲突为主场球迷秩序混乱;项目协会与联赛赞助商间为经济利益以及合法的利益诉求权力;俱乐部与其赞助商集中在经济利益方面;教练员与运动员间为“无形的利益冲突”和“有形的利益冲突”;俱乐部和教练员间为经济利益及给予教练员必要生存空间和自主管理球队的权力;俱乐部和运动员间为劳资纠纷;俱乐部与观众间为比赛质量、观众上座率及球迷情绪方面.2)产生上述利益冲突的社会学原因包括体制机制、市场环境、法律环境、制度环境、文化价值观念、改革观念等社会学因素.%In the view of government function transformation,this paper analyzes the main benefit conflicts in Chinese professional sports and its sociological causes,aiming to provide theoretical basis for exploitation of man-agement mode and management strategy for professional sports.Research shows that:1 )In the period of social transition ,the conflicts among main interests bodies in Chinese professional sports are diversified:the conflicts be-tween project association and professional sports clubs are objective,role and status;between project association and media is negative publicity to bring image damaged;between the club and the media is fans disorder in home;between project association and league sponsor are economic interests and the legitimate power pursuit;be-tween clubs and its sponsors is mainly focused on economic interest;between coaches and athletes are"intangible conflict

  10. Individual from the Viewpoint of Psychology and Sociology in the Context of Leisure Time-Library Boş Zaman-Kütüphane Bağlamında Psikolojik ve Sosyolojik Açılardan Birey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Atmaca

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available In today's world, people are getting much stumbled with the changing conditions in such phenomena like rapid growth of cities, contemporary technologies and the relative growth of industry due to the latter requiring more and more information as ever before in order to recover themselves from this transition. Individuals can not reserve time for reading and thinking which is a prerequisite of knowledge due to lack of time created predominantly by the working conditions and some time-wasting traditions and customs especially they employ during their spare times. As being deprived of these activities fall individual to some certain psychological and sociological problems to some extent, the spare time option which have become the most necessary time interval for the individual to cover up his/her specific needs thereby to show progress in his characteristic components should be facilitated with the usage of libraries. Here that the libraries are for, especially outstanding as institutions to assist the individual in removing up both of the two problems mentioned above. It is a widely common fact that people who get to libraries and enhance their intellectual identity during their spare times have essentially provided a unity in their personalities from the physchological angle clenching their spiritual health as well as gaining new types of behaviors from the sociological approach also establishing permanent adaptation with others inside the community and with the nature and the giddy speed of technology. Günümüz dünyasında insanlar, sanayi ve teknolojinin gelişmesi, kentlerin hızla büyümesi gibi kimi olguların ortaya çıkardığı değişim karşısında bocalamakta; bu bocalamayı atlatabilmek için de bilgiye gereksinim duymaktadır. Bireyler bilginin temeli olan okuma ve düşünme kavramına; iş yaşamlarının zorunlu olarak aldığı zaman; boş zamanlarının da gereksiz kimi amaç ve araçlarla geçmesi yüzünden zaman ay

  11. Team Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and sports prosthetics, as well as expenses for training and competition. Disabled Sports USA offers nationwide sports programs to anyone with a physical disability. Activities include winter skiing, water sports, summer ...

  12. Application of Mental Training and Psychological Counseling in Sports Teaching%心理训练和心理咨询在体育教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯玉娟

    2012-01-01

    体育教学过程中,适时适宜地采取心理咨询和心理干预以及恰当的心理训练是非常必要的,本文主要从动机、归因和表象训练三个方面来论述体育教学中心理咨询和干预以及心理训练。%Sports teaching process, a timely and appropriate to take psychological counseling and psychological intervention, and appropriate psychological training is necessary, this article mainly from motivation, attribution, and three aspects of the appearance of 'training discusses the physical education teaching in counseling and intervention, and psychological training.

  13. Renewing an Old Profession: Clinical Sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, John

    1979-01-01

    Examines origins of clinical sociology as a behavioral science discipline in the humanist and normative tradition, stresses that clinical sociology is a form of sociological practice, and discusses training and employment in the field of clinical sociology. (Author/DB)

  14. Sociology and Social Work in Nigeria: Characteristics ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    post-graduate levels. in discussing the characteristics of sociology and social work, ..... development, gender studies, political sociology and family studies. ... in the departments of sociology, there is considerable interaction between sociology.

  15. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Patil

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Education Psychology is one of the most rapidly advancing disciplines which is concerned with the description, explanation and control of the educational processes arising from the interaction between the teacher and learner in the context of a specified or unspecified subject. The concept of educational psycology is changing as a result of the general impact of the disciplines such as sociology, anthropology,economics, political science and so on. The subject matter of educational psychology is also reflecting a diversity of structures and emphases in its connection.

  16. 浅析运动心理学在普通高校足球教学中的应用%On the Application of Sports Psychology in College Football Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙辉

    2012-01-01

    运动心理学是体育科学中的一门新兴学科,本文根据足球运动的特点和规律、足球教学和训练原理,将运动心理学原理与高校足球教学紧密结合,组织开展教学活动,从而减少教学的盲目性,促进学生的全面发展,不断提高教学质量。%Sport psychology is a new subject of sports science,this text according to the characteristics and regularity of football sports,training principle and motion of the football,combined sports psychology principle with football teaching,hold teaching activities,in order to reduce the blindness of teaching,to promote the all-round development of students,and constantly improve the quality of teaching.

  17. Data Visualization in Sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, Kieran; Moody, James

    2014-07-01

    Visualizing data is central to social scientific work. Despite a promising early beginning, sociology has lagged in the use of visual tools. We review the history and current state of visualization in sociology. Using examples throughout, we discuss recent developments in ways of seeing raw data and presenting the results of statistical modeling. We make a general distinction between those methods and tools designed to help explore datasets, and those designed to help present results to others. We argue that recent advances should be seen as part of a broader shift towards easier sharing of the code and data both between researchers and with wider publics, and encourage practitioners and publishers to work toward a higher and more consistent standard for the graphical display of sociological insights.

  18. Vocational College Students’Unhealthy Psychology in Job Interview and Sports Adjustment%高职生职业应聘不良心理表现及运动调节方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵岩

    2015-01-01

    高职生进行应聘时会因为各种压力出现一些不良的心理,通过一些运动调节方法可以有效改善这些不良心理表现。%Vocational college students will suffer unhealthy psychology in job interview because of stress.They can overcome the situation by sports adjustment.

  19. Applicability of Adaptation Framework in Sport Psychology Service:A Case Study%适应框架在运动心理服务工作中的应用:个案分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩玲

    2016-01-01

    国外有关适应的研究较为系统和全面,在运动心理领域,相关研究也在不断地丰富和增加,中国相关研究仍然还只是处在刚刚起步的阶段。以研究者多年的运动心理服务经验为基础,通过对两个服务个案与Schinke等人所提出的适应框架进行对比分析与介绍,发现Schinke等人所提出的适应框架适用于中国运动心理工作者为中国运动员所提供的运动心理服务,并且通过对比分析,得出了一些具有中国特色的适应策略。%At present ,the relevant studies of adaptation which were conducted by foreign re‐searchers are very systematic and comprehensive ,and in sport psychology field are also more and more .Nevertheless ,studies of adaptation in China are still in the initial stage .Based on the years of experience of sport psychology service ,the author compared two sport psychology ca‐ses that were conducted by the author with the adaptation framework which was presented by Schinke and colleagues .By comparison ,the author found out that the framework presented by Schinke and colleagues was also suitable to the psychology services of Chinese sport psychologists . Meanwhile ,the author also found some adaptation strategies with Chinese characteristics .

  20. Måltidets sociologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Boris

    2015-01-01

    Kapitlet introducerer den klassiske sociolog Georg Simmel og hans forståelse af samspillet mellem mad og måltider. Herefter sammenfattes en række udvalgte pointer, som er karakteristiske for den franske sociolog Claude Fischlers forståelse af begrebet commensality. Som led i diskussionen af de...... teoretiske positioner og den ’bekymringsdiskurs’, de siges at repræsentere, konfronteres disse med en mere empirisk baseret tilgang til måltidssociologien. Herunder udfordres begrebet commensality med henvisning til synspunkter hentet fra Ann Murcott. Som case inddrages Claude Fischlers forskning om...

  1. Merton and medical sociology

    OpenAIRE

    Nunes E.D.

    2007-01-01

    The article is about the main contributions of the North-American sociologist Robert King Merton (1910-2003), particularly those related to the field of medical sociology. Merton was first to conduct research on medical education, and the working team he formed was fundamental for the introduction of social thought in the medicine field (Patrícia Kendall, Renée Fox, Samuel Bloom and others). Of particular importance are Merton's vocation for sociology and the unique trajectory of his research...

  2. 基于AHP的体育消费心理预期结构影响因素分析%Analysis of influencing factors of the structure of customer psychological expectation for sports consumption based on AHP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付蕾; 刘霞

    2013-01-01

    文章以大学生体育消费心理预期结构影响因素分析为背景,采用问卷调查与数理统计相结合的集成研究方法,提出了基于AHP的大学生体育消费心理预期结构影响因素分析途径。结果表明,消费者体育消费预测的准确性及消费应对能力是影响消费心理预期结构的首要因素。%In view of the influencing factors of the structure of college student consumer psychological expectation for sports consumption ,using the research approaches of surveys and mathematical statis-tics ,the method to explore the influencing factors of the structure of college student consumer psy-chological expectation for sports consumption is proposed based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) .The results indicate that the accuracy of consumers’ sports consumption forecast and the abil-ity of consumption are the primary factors influencing the structure of consumer psychological expec-tation .

  3. Psychological and Sociological Determinants of Academic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Six self-report measures were administered randomly to 280 senior secondary ... and locus of control, self-esteem, parent's education, parental discipline, culture, and governance) could jointly determine academic achievement of adolescents.

  4. What Is Critical about Sociology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buechler, Steven

    2008-01-01

    Critical thinking is often presented as a generic technique. This article develops an alternative that links critique more closely to the sociological perspective. I suggest three answers to the above question: that the sociological perspective is critical for comprehending complex issues, that all sociology is implicitly critical by virtue of its…

  5. The Anatomy of the Sports Scandal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Storm, Rasmus K.; Wagner, Ulrik

    Sports scandals are often discussed in the media and the research literature without any deeper reflections on their specificities or development. As the economic and political significance of sport seems to grow in correspondence to the development of globalization, the call for a sociological...... understanding of the downsides of sport becomes imperative. By deploying a communication-theoretical framework (Luhmann) combined with insights from discourse theory (Laclau, Laclau & Mouffe) and the understanding of ideal types (provided by Weber), this article aims to develop a theoretical model of the sports...

  6. 学校体育心理弹性干预研究%Study on the intervention of psychological resilience in school sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张军

    2013-01-01

      心理弹性是近二三十年来西方心理学理论界和心理咨询界新兴的一个研究领域,以儿童、青少年为研究对象展探讨有关儿童、青少年的成长问题,尤其关注特殊儿童群体。心理弹性通过多种措施帮助儿童、青少年构建良好的心理弹性、促进其心理健康发展的理论、模式和具体做法,适用于学校体育教育,尤其适用于对体育锻炼兴趣或成绩存在差异学生的心理健康引导。在对心理弹性概念进行界定和体育教学中心理弹性干预研究的进展进行分析的基础上,从设定体育教学目标、设计体育教学组织形式、选择体育教学方法、设定体育教师的合理期望和创设愉悦的体育教学情境等几个方面探讨学校体育心理弹性干预的实施。%  Psychological resilience (PR) is a new research area in the past twenty years in the field of western psychology theories and psychology consultation .It takes children and adolescents as re‐search subjects and investigates their growth issues ,focusing particularly on special groups of chil‐dren .By means of various measures ,PR helps children and adolescents structure positive PR ,pro‐moting the theory ,model and specific practices of their mental health development ,which is applica‐ble to school physical education .It applies particularly to guiding the mental health of those students who have difficulties in physical exercise interest and achievements .On the basis of defining the PR concept and analyzing the developments of the PR research in physical education ,this article explores PR intervention practice in school sports in terms of setting physical teaching objectives ,designing the organizational form of physical education ,selecting physical teaching method ,setting the reason‐able expectation of physical teachers and creating enjoyable physical education environment .

  7. Overview of sports vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Linda A.; Ferreira, Jannie T.

    2003-03-01

    Sports vision encompasses the visual assessment and provision of sports-specific visual performance enhancement and ocular protection for athletes of all ages, genders and levels of participation. In recent years, sports vision has been identified as one of the key performance indicators in sport. It is built on four main cornerstones: corrective eyewear, protective eyewear, visual skills enhancement and performance enhancement. Although clinically well established in the US, it is still a relatively new area of optometric specialisation elsewhere in the world and is gaining increasing popularity with eyecare practitioners and researchers. This research is often multi-disciplinary and involves input from a variety of subject disciplines, mainly those of optometry, medicine, physiology, psychology, physics, chemistry, computer science and engineering. Collaborative research projects are currently underway between staff of the Schools of Physics and Computing (DIT) and the Academy of Sports Vision (RAU).

  8. Urban Sociology in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amiot, Michel

    1986-01-01

    Divides the history of urban sociology in France into three periods: (1) functionalism, which lasted from 1910 until the 1960s, (2) neo-Marxist socioeconomics lasting from 1968 until 1979, and (3) anthropological approach which is still dominant. Reviews theoretical perspectives and research characteristic of each period. (JDH)

  9. Development Sociology. Actor Perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Long, N.E.

    2001-01-01

    Using case studies and empirical material from Africa and Latin America, Development Sociology focuses on the theoretical and methodological foundations of an actor-oriented and social constructionist form of analysis. This style of analysis is opposed to the traditional structuralist/institutional

  10. How can we help? From "sociology in" to "sociology of" bioethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Vries, Raymond

    2004-01-01

    Sociology and bioethics have an uneasy relationship. Bioethicists find sociology helpful for describing and analyzing ethical issues, but they are less enthusiastic when bioethics becomes the subject of sociological scrutiny. After review of different sociological approaches to bioethical topics -- descriptive, evaluative, and analytical -- I explain how bioethics will benefit by using the tools of sociology to answer its questions ("sociology in bioethics") and by allowing sociology to use bioethics to answer sociological questions ("sociology of bioethics").

  11. Are young people caught in the time bind? A sociological analysis of how young people in an upper secondary school view the issue of finding time to do sports or exercise in their spare time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thing, Lone Friis; Nielsen, Stine Frydendal; Ottesen, Laila Susanne

    2015-01-01

    New research shows that even young people, who are still undertaking an education, have difficulties with getting school, work, and family and leisure life to form a synthesis. The article reveals that young people’s relationship to sport and physical activity in leisure time is related to the yo......New research shows that even young people, who are still undertaking an education, have difficulties with getting school, work, and family and leisure life to form a synthesis. The article reveals that young people’s relationship to sport and physical activity in leisure time is related...... to the young people’s experience of time pressure in the everyday life. Based on 12 group interviews with secondary school students (N = 120; taken over four years), the topic of how young people relate to and manage the time pressure between school, work and leisure life is analysed. The analysis establishes...

  12. The Social Psychologies of Emotion: A Bridge That Is Not Too Far

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith-Lovin, Lynn; Winkielman, Piotr

    2010-01-01

    Traditionally, emotion is a topic more central to psychology than to sociology. The "Annual Review of Psychology" has almost 400 articles that mention emotion since 1975, while the "Annual Review of Sociology" has roughly one-third as many in that period. Rather than bridging the two disciplinary canons, the early literature in sociology was…

  13. Cause Analysis on the Psychology of Poorly -performed Sports Students and Strategy Research for Changing%体育差生心理致因探析及转变策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊峰

    2015-01-01

    运用文献资料法和调查法,通过个人实践,从对体育差生概念的界定入手,对体育差生的心理表现及心理致因进行了分析。结果表明体育差生的心理问题主要表现在对体育学习缺乏兴趣,动机不明确;情绪消极自卑,缺乏自信;意志品质薄弱;注意力分散,较难集中。导致体育差生这些心理表现的因素主要有家庭原因、社会原因、学校原因、自身原因。由此,提出了转变体育差生心理的对策,营造良好的体育学习气氛,激发差生体育学习兴趣;有效运用心理技能训练,培养体育差生自信心及意志品质;改善家长对体育的态度,提高差生体育学习意识;促进社会与学校体育的互补,提高差生积极性。这为提高体育差生对体育课程的兴趣,改变自身对体育课程的不良心态,促进他们的身心健康发展,为全面提高体育教学质量提供参考借鉴。%With methods of literature and investigation and based on personal practice,the paper conducts an analysis on the expression and causes of the psychology of poorly -performed sports students by defining the concept of poorly -performed sports students.Results show that psychological problems of poorly -performed sports students mainly reveal as lack of interest in physical education learning;unclear motives;negative and inferior emotions;lack of self -confidence;poor will quality and distraction that refuses easy focus.Factors attributing to the psychological expression of poorly -performed sports students are mostly of family,society, school and personal reasons.Therefore,the paper comes up with countermeasures to reverse psychology of poorly-performed students by creating good atmosphere for physical education learning and stimulating their interest in studying;effectively adopting psychological skill training to develop their confidence and will quality;improving parents’attitude on sports as

  14. Tales of sociology and the nursing curriculum: revisiting the debates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aranda, Kay; Law, Kate

    2007-08-01

    . Sociology and the nursing curriculum; editorial. Nurse Education in Practice 4, 81-82; Mowforth, G., Harrison, J., Morris, M., 2005. An investigation into adult nursing students' experience of the relevance and application of behavioural sciences (biology, psychology and sociology) across two different curricula. Nurse Education Today 25, 41-48]. Much attention has been given to the role, utility and value of sociology mostly within pre-registration but also post-registration nursing curricula. Through an initial analysis of a series of letters appearing in The Nursing Times over a 12 week period in 2004, and using an analytical framework of four tales (realist, critical, deconstructive and reflexive) we revisit this relationship. Unlike previous debates our argument is that this relationship is more usefully viewed as emblematic of the legitimation crisis inherent in all modern projects. We argue that in order to move beyond the 'utility' discussion, an interrogation of the knowledge claims of both nursing and sociology is required.

  15. The Three Faces of Social Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    House, James S.

    1977-01-01

    Social psychology's current crisis largely reflects the division of the field into three increasingly isolated domains: psychological social psychology, symbolic interactionism, and psychological sociology. Brief critical discussion of these facets indicates that the strengths of each complement the weaknesses in the others, highlighting a need…

  16. African Journals Online: Psychology & Psychiatry

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 16 of 16 ... ... behaviour, relationship in the family, workplace, schools and organisations. ... education, health, religion, business, tourism, counselling and psychology. ... International Journal of Emotional Psychology and Sport Ethics.

  17. Regional Sociological Research Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhail Vladimirovich Morev

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the experience of the Institute of Socio-Economic Development of Territories of RAS in conducting sociological research on the territory of the Vologda Oblast and the Northwestern Federal District. It describes the historical aspects of formation of the system for public opinion monitoring and examines its theoretical and methodological foundations. The author of the article analyzes the structure of monitoring indicators and provides a brief interpretation of research findings that reflect social wellbeing and social perception trends. In addition, the paper analyzes people’s attitude toward the activities of federal and regional authorities, trends in social well-being, consumer sentiment and also the complex indicator – the index of public sentiment in the region – developed by ISEDT RAS researchers. The results of sociological studies carried out at ISEDT RAS correlate with the dynamics of the all-Russian public opinion polls conducted by the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM, Levada-Center, etc. They indicate that Russian society gradually adapts to new conditions of life after the collapse of the USSR. Besides, opinion polls show the most important features of the post-Soviet Russian history at its present stage; they are associated with the intensification of international political relations, the consequences of the “Crimean spring” and the new challenges Russia’s economy is facing now. The article concludes that as global community, of which Russian society is part, is evolving, sociological knowledge begins to play an increasingly important role in administration and national security; this is associated with the greater importance attached to intangible development factors. Therefore, a necessary prerequisite for administration effectiveness in all its stages is to implement the results of sociological research on social

  18. 试论优秀运动队思想政治工作与心理疏导%On the Ideology and Psychological Dredge of the Elite Sports Teams

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何建平

    2013-01-01

    The paper argues that humanity care and psychological dredge are creativity of conception and method of ideology work. The survey shows most respondent sports players have psychological problems. The author analyzes the cause, induces the general psychological characteristics, and points out that sports players need deferent psychological dredge in normal times as well as pre-and post-match, and that high quality of the ideology practitioners is premise of high quality ideology work on the elite sports teams. Some constructive suggestions that broaden the ideology system and innovate the work methods are also put forward.%笔者认为,人文关怀和心理疏导是思想政治工作一种理念和方法的创新,并通过对部分运动员的调查,了解到运动员大多存在不同的心理问题,分析了成因和归纳了普遍的心理特点,指出了在常态下、赛前和赛后都需要进行不同方式的心理疏导,提出了要提高优秀运动队思想政治工作的质量,必须首先提高思想政治工作者的素质,拓展内容体系以及推进方法创新等积极的建议。

  19. 浅析积极心理学视角下的中小学体育学习评价%Analyses of Sports Learning Evaluation in Primary and Secondary School from the Perspective of Positive Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于浩毅; 汪晓赞

    2013-01-01

      The development of sports learning evaluation in primary and secondary school in china is relatively lagging, and there still exists some problems such as the subject of evaluation is single, the content of evaluation is obsolete and lacks of humanistic care, etc about the sports learning evaluation in primary and secondary school at present. Positive psychology is a serious psychological power rising in the west word at the end of the 20th century, but also the new research ideas in the psychological educational world. This paper adopting the documentary analysis and logical analysis etc from the research content of positive psychology, analyses the impact of positive psychology for sports learning evaluation in primary and secondary school, acquires the enlightenment of reform and development about the sports learning evaluation in primary and secondary school. The sports learning evaluation in primary and secondary school should transform from a single subject to multiple subject, pay attention to the emotional experience of students;abandon mechanized content of evaluation, make students form positive personal quality;fulfill the various function of sports learning evaluation, train students having healthy psychological quality;choose multifarious evaluation methods of sports learning, develop a positive class interpersonal environment.%  我国中小学体育学习评价的发展相对滞后,现阶段中小学体育学习评价中仍然存在着评价主体单一、评价内容陈旧、缺乏人文关怀等问题。积极心理学是20世纪末在西方兴起的一股重要的心理学力量,更是心理学界兴起的一个新的研究思路。本文运用文献资料法、逻辑分析法等方法从积极心理学的研究内容入手,分析积极心理学对中小学体育学习评价产生的影响,获得推动中小学体育学习评价改革发展的启示。中小学体育学习评价应从单一主体向多元主体转变,关注学

  20. Reconsidering Feminisms and the Work of Norbert Elias for Understanding Gender, Sport and Sport-Related Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansfield, Louise

    2008-01-01

    This paper reconsiders the relationships between feminist perspectives and the figurational/process-sociological perspective of Norbert Elias for understanding gender, sport and sport-related activities. The main aim of the article is to respond to Colwell's claim that there are differences between feminist and figurational approaches to…

  1. Mediadores psicológicos y motivación deportiva en judocas españoles. Psychological mediators and sport motivation in Spanish judokas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guzmán Luján, José Francisco

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl presente trabajo analizó las diferencias de la motivación en situación precompetitiva de judocas en función de los mediadores psicológicos (percepciones de competencia, apoyo a la autonomía y relaciones sociales, tal y como postula el Modelo Jerárquico de la Motivación Intrínseca, Extrínseca y Amotivación (Vallerand, 1997,2001; Vallerand y Losier, 1999. Se empleó una muestra de 181 judocas de edades comprendidas entre los 14 y 16 años. Utilizamos una metodología selectiva, condiseño prospectivo simple. Los datos se analizaron mediante un MANOVA, tomando como variables independientes los mediadores psicológicos y el sexo de los deportistas y como variables dependientes cada una de las subescalas de la motivación planteadas en la Sport Motivation Scale (Pelletier et al., 1995. Los resultados apoyaron parcialmente los postulados de la teoría. Se verificaron las diferencias en motivación intrínseca en función de la percepción de competencia, apoyo a la autonomía y relaciones sociales. También se verificaron parcialmente las diferencias en la motivación extrínseca (ME autodeterminada y de la amotivación en función de estas percepciones. Sin embargo cabe destacar que las diferencias en ME de regulación externa encontradas en función de estas percepciones se dieron en direccióno puesta a los postulados de la teoría. Se explica este resultado a partir de la situación precompetitiva en la que se encontraban los deportistas.AbstractPresent study analysed differences between pre-competitive motivation of judokas in function of psychological mediators (perceptions of competence, support to autonomy, and social relationships, as is postulated by the Hierarchical Model of Intrinsic and extrinsic Motivation, and Amotivation (Vallerand, 1997, 2001; Vallerand & Losier, 1999. Partipants were 181 judokas aged between 14 and 16. We employed a selective methodology, with a simple prospective design. Data were analysed with

  2. The idea of philosophical sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernilo, Daniel

    2014-06-01

    This article introduces the idea of philosophical sociology as an enquiry into the relationships between implicit notions of human nature and explicit conceptualizations of social life within sociology. Philosophical sociology is also an invitation to reflect on the role of the normative in social life by looking at it sociologically and philosophically at the same: normative self-reflection is a fundamental aspect of sociology's scientific tasks because key sociological questions are, in the last instance, also philosophical ones. For the normative to emerge, we need to move away from the reductionism of hedonistic, essentialist or cynical conceptions of human nature and be able to grasp the conceptions of the good life, justice, democracy or freedom whose normative contents depend on more or less articulated conceptions of our shared humanity. The idea of philosophical sociology is then sustained on three main pillars and I use them to structure this article: (1) a revalorization of the relationships between sociology and philosophy; (2) a universalistic principle of humanity that works as a major regulative idea of sociological research, and; (3) an argument on the social (immanent) and pre-social (transcendental) sources of the normative in social life. As invitations to embrace posthuman cyborgs, non-human actants and material cultures proliferate, philosophical sociology offers the reminder that we still have to understand more fully who are the human beings that populate the social world. © London School of Economics and Political Science 2014.

  3. Pædagogisk sociologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Jørn

    Denne bog giver overblik over teorier og begreber inden for pædagogisk sociologi. Bogen gør dig i stand til at overskue forskelle og ligheder mellem forskellige teorier, der behandler samspil og relationer i pædagogisk praksis, det indhold, som pædagogikken arbejder med og de samfundsstrukturer......, som påvirker den pædagogiske praksis. Forfatteren behandler i alt fem positioner, der i dag kan siges at tegne den pædagogiske sociologi i Danmark: • Interaktionens mikrostrukturer med fokus på undervisningens miljø. • Social epistemologi med fokus på læreprocessens elementer. • Samfundets...

  4. Piketty's challenge for sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, Mike

    2014-12-01

    This paper argues that Piketty's book should not simply be seen as that of an economist, but that it contains significant resources for sociologists to draw upon. These are firstly, this approach to social science and his use of visualizations which chime closely with recent claims about the power of description. Secondly I consider his conceptualization of time and history - which in rebutting epochal arguments about the speed of contemporary change allows for a much better appreciation of the 'long durée'; and finally his conceptualization of social classes and privilege through his elaboration of a sociology of accumulation and inheritance. In all these ways, Piketty's work assists in developing an account of elites and wealth which should be highly productive for future sociology.

  5. Psychological Theories of Acculturation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ozer, Simon

    2017-01-01

    The proliferation of cultural transition and intercultural contact has highlighted the importance of psychological theories of acculturation. Acculturation, understood as contact between diverse cultural streams, has become prevalent worldwide due to technological, economical, and educational...... advancements, together with greater mobility. Acculturation psychology aims to comprehend the dynamic psychological processes and outcomes emanating from intercultural contact. Acculturation psychology has been a growing field of research within cross-cultural psychology. Today, psychological theories...... of acculturation also include cognate disciplines such as cultural psychology, social psychology, sociology, and anthropology.The expansion of psychological theories of acculturation has led to advancements in the field of research as well as the bifurcation of epistemological and methodological approaches...

  6. Sports physical

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000673.htm Sports physical To use the sharing features on this page, ... routine checkups. Why do you Need a Sports Physical? The sports physical is done to: Find out ...

  7. But Is It Sociology?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica J. Casper

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This essay explores issues of trandisciplinarity through an autobiographical lens. Specifically, the essay attends to tensions between the discipline of sociology and interdisciplinary science, knowledge, and technology studies, with an emphasis on differing epistemic cultures in each. The author suggests the promise of border-crossings outweighs the challenges, and advocates for a reflexive practice that names our intellectual and political commitments. Eschewing traditional notions of objectivity, the author calls for transdisciplinary and public engagement.

  8. Sociology of Discourse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    Sociology of Discourse takes the perspective that collective actors like social movements are capable of creating social change from below by creating new institutions through alternative discourses. Institutionalization becomes a process of moving away from existing institutions towards creating...... points and concepts. Through the example of the Platform for People Affected by Mortgages, the book concludes by analyzing how social change from below is possible....

  9. [Merton and medical sociology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunes, Everardo Duarte

    2007-01-01

    The article is about the main contributions of the North-American sociologist Robert King Merton (1910-2003), particularly those related to the field of medical sociology. Merton was first to conduct research on medical education, and the working team he formed was fundamental for the introduction of social thought in the medicine field (Patrícia Kendall, Renée Fox, Samuel Bloom and others). Of particular importance are Merton's vocation for sociology and the unique trajectory of his research, which was marked by studies on subjects that were not common in the early XX century, particularly the relationships between science, technology, and society. We provide the most important theoretical ad conceptual contribution brought by the author, as well as the expressions he created and which were soon adopted by researchers, such as 'focused interview', 'Matthew effects, 'Pygmalion effect', 'nonplanned consequences of social actions', 'manifest function', and 'latent function'. The highlight in the field of medical sociology is his work on the socialization process of the student of medicine.

  10. Sport tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Schwartzhoffová

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Sport tourism is one specific type of travel and tourism. The goal of this article is to introduce the definition and importance of sport tourism to academic and sports professionals. At present, sport tourism is a diverse social, economic and cultural phenomenon arising from the unique interaction of activity, people and place. The second part of this article reports about sports events as an important part of sport tourism.

  11. 2004 American Sociological Association Presidential address: for public sociology*.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burawoy, Michael

    2005-06-01

    Responding to the growing gap between the sociological ethos and the world we study, the challenge of public sociology is to engage multiple publics in multiple ways. These public sociologies should not be left out in the cold, but brought into the framework of our discipline. In this way we make public sociology a visible and legitimate enterprise, and, thereby, invigorate the discipline as a whole. Accordingly, if we map out the division of sociological labor, we discover antagonistic interdependence among four types of knowledge: professional, critical, policy, and public. In the best of all worlds the flourishing of each type of sociology is a condition for the flourishing of all, but they can just as easily assume pathological forms or become victims of exclusion and subordination. This field of power beckons us to explore the relations among the four types of sociology as they vary historically and nationally, and as they provide the template for divergent individual careers. Finally, comparing disciplines points to the umbilical chord that connects sociology to the world of publics, underlining sociology's particular investment in the defense of civil society, itself beleaguered by the encroachment of markets and states.

  12. Α new concept in European sport governance: Sport as social capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NIKOLAOS PATSADARAS

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Social capital is a key component in understanding therelationship between European sport governing bodies andcivil society. A core concept in sociology, political science,organizational behaviour and business, social capital is relatively new in the context of European sport governance. Inexploring the boundaries of both sport and social capital intheory and practice, one can see sport as a form of positivesocial capital that promotes social cohesion, trust, socialties, etc. However, it could also be perceived as «dark» social capital since the politics of sport do not always deliverthe social benefits they proclaim due to the «exclusionary»vs. inclusive factors: commercialization, doping, institutionalized gender personification, the leaky pipeline and the glassceiling in SGBs and in competitive sports. Sport has not yetevolved into a form of social capital which can be nurturedand reproduced to raise social cohesion and eliminate socialexclusions.

  13. Influence of Gender Psychology on Content Setting of College Sports Dance Curriculum%两性心理学对高校体育舞蹈课程内容设置影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭祝平

    2016-01-01

    近年来,越来越多的高等院校开始开设舞蹈课程,尤其是一些综合性大学将体育舞蹈视为非常重要的教学内容。传统的体育舞蹈课程机械地设置教学内容和方式,甚至用“操化”动作进行示范模仿教学。此外,学生对于体育舞蹈的学习动机不单纯是追求运动技能,而大多数一线教师者缺乏两性心理学方面的知识,不重视而且鲜用伴侣学习法。深入分析了当前我国高校体育舞蹈教学的现状,针对导致当前课程效果不理想的各方面原因,提出了设置合理的男、女生合班体育舞蹈教育课程内容;加强体育舞蹈与其他学科的联动;明确体育舞蹈教育在艺术教育中的地位与作用;运用科学的理论知识指导体育舞蹈教学等对策。%In recent years,more and more colleges and universities begin to offer dance courses,especially in some comprehensive uni-versities,regarding them as very important teaching contents.Traditional sports dance courses set up teaching content and methods in-flexibly,and even use actions like gymnastics to carry out demonstration and imitation teaching.In addition,students'learning motiva-tion of sports dance is not only the pursuit of sports skills,but most teachers lack the knowledge of gender psychology.The paper analy-zes current situation of college sports dance teaching in China,and put forward several countermeasures in allusion to various reasons leading to current unsatisfied teaching effects:setting up reasonable classes for male and female students to take sports dance courses together,strengthening the linkage of sports dance and other disciplines,identifying the position and function of sports dance education in art education,and utilizing scientific theories to guide the sports dance teaching.

  14. 高水平运动员运动损伤的心理康复研究%Research on Psychological Rehabilitation of Sport Injury for High-level Athletes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何颖; 徐明

    2012-01-01

    The sport injury psychological model of high-level athletes, the psychological diagnostic indicators and psychological intervention model were presented through literature review, logical and systematic analy- sis. The rehabihtation of sport injury for high-level athletes is a systematic process, which needs joint efforts and the coordination between the coach, medical staff, athletic psychologist and athletes for the fully reha- bilitation and return of athletes in the shortest time span.%运用文献资料、逻辑分析、系统分析等方法论述高水平运动员运动损伤的心理模型、心理诊断指标及心理干预模式等问题,分析认为高水平运动员运动损伤的康复是一个系统过程,教练员、医务人员、运动心理学工作者和运动员的共同努力与配合才能有助于运动员尽早康复、重返赛场.

  15. Laughter in popular games and in sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eichberg, Henning

    2013-01-01

    Hurling in Cornwall, la soule in Britanny, Shrovetide football in England: Popular games have normally been treated as forerunners of modern sport, sport having regulated the space and the time of the game, the (non-) violence of behaviour, the control of results, the planning, strategy, tactics......, techniques and evaluation of the competitive action. This is told as a story of social improvement and progress--and about turning unhealthy wildness into civilized 'healthy' sport activity. What sociological analysis of game-playing tended to ignore was the laughter of the participants. With the seriousness...... of modern sport, as it was established in the nineteenth century, a culture of laughter disappeared. This study tries to counter this mainstream by a phenomenology of laughter in popular games. A contrasting attention is turned towards the seriousness of sporting competition, the smile in modern sport...

  16. Development and Initial Psychometric Evaluation of the Sport Interference Checklist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donohue, Brad; Silver, N. Clayton; Dickens, Yani; Covassin, Tracey; Lancer, Kevin

    2007-01-01

    The Sport Interference Checklist (SIC) was developed in 141 athletes to assist in the concurrent assessment of cognitive and behavioral problems experienced by athletes in both training (Problems in Sports Training Scale, PSTS) and competition (Problems in Sports Competition Scale, PSCS). An additional scale (Desire for Sport Psychology Scale,…

  17. RESULTS OF 2011 STATE DUMA ELECTIONS: SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larisa Fedotova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Sociological forecasting of political processes arose as a powerful industry. Nevertheless, results of the polls conducted by the major agencies diverged significantly with the voting in 2011 State Duma elections. The article analyses major complications in forecasting results of elections using sociological data, including psychological factors, role of mass media and administrative resource. The author identifies strategies of the opposition, as well as proves predominant importance of Vladimir Putin for the electoral success of the ruling party on the basis of the polls.

  18. Economic sociology: today and tomorrow

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Richard Swedberg

    2004-01-01

    This article ponders over the contemporary rebirth of economic sociology, attempting to distinguish its American and European traits, emphasizing the works and conceptual models of its respective pioneers...

  19. Toward Publicly Responsive Sociology Curricula: The Role of Introductory Sociology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenwood, Nancy A.

    2013-01-01

    Introductory sociology casts a wide net with regard to its audience and plays an important role in capturing the public eye as well as helping students to make more informed choices in their lives and communities. I ask six questions that help us as sociologists to think about how introductory sociology can better serve our discipline, our…

  20. Toward Publicly Responsive Sociology Curricula: The Role of Introductory Sociology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenwood, Nancy A.

    2013-01-01

    Introductory sociology casts a wide net with regard to its audience and plays an important role in capturing the public eye as well as helping students to make more informed choices in their lives and communities. I ask six questions that help us as sociologists to think about how introductory sociology can better serve our discipline, our…

  1. Sociology of Modern Cosmology

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Corredoira, M.

    2009-08-01

    Certain results of observational cosmology cast critical doubt on the foundations of standard cosmology but leave most cosmologists untroubled. Alternative cosmological models that differ from the Big Bang have been published and defended by heterodox scientists; however, most cosmologists do not heed these. This may be because standard theory is correct and all other ideas and criticisms are incorrect, but it is also to a great extent due to sociological phenomena such as the ``snowball effect'' or ``groupthink''. We might wonder whether cosmology, the study of the Universe as a whole, is a science like other branches of physics or just a dominant ideology.

  2. In Praise of Sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connell, Raewyn

    2017-08-01

    This reflection on the relevance of sociology starts with the different forms of social knowledge, and some autobiographical reflection on my engagement with the discipline. A research-based social science is made urgent by the prevalence of distortion and pseudoscience in the public realm. However, the research-based knowledge formation is embedded in a global economy of knowledge that centers on a privileged group of institutions and produces major imbalances on a world scale. Sociological data collection has important uses in policy and public discussion. But data need to be embedded in a larger project of understanding the world; this is what gives excitement to the work. Sociology has a potential future of marginality or triviality in the neoliberal economy and its university system. There are better trajectories into the future-but they have to be fought for. Cette réflexion sur l'utilité de la sociologie commence avec les différentes formes de savoir social, ainsi que quelques réflexions biographiques sur mon engagement avec la discipline. Le besoin d'une science sociale orientée vers la recherche est devenue nécessaire suite à la prédominance de la distorsion et de la pseudoscience dans la sphère publique. Par contre, ce savoir centré sur la recherche est lié à une économie globale de la connaissance qui est proche d'un groupe privilégié d'institutions et produit des déséquilibres majeurs au niveau mondial. La collecte de données sociologiques a une grande utilité en politique et dans les discussions publiques. Mais ces données doivent être liées à un projet plus large de compréhension du monde ; c'est ce qui rend ce travail excitant. La sociologie risque la marginalisation ou la trivialité dans une économie néo-libérale et son système universitaire. Il existe de meilleures trajectoires pour l'avenir - mais elles doivent être défendues. © 2017 Canadian Sociological Association/La Société canadienne de sociologie.

  3. Developments in Scandinavian and American medical sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riska, Elianne

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the similarities and differences in Scandinavian and American medical sociology. First, the issue of medicalization has not been as important in Scandinavian as it has been in American medical sociology. Second, women's health has been less explored in Scandinavian than in American medical sociology. Third, research on social inequalities and health has been a major focus in Scandinavian medical sociology since the 1990s. Fourth, cultural sociology and the poststructuralist perspective have been part of mainstream theory building in European sociology and also European and Scandinavian medical sociology during the past decade, while American medical sociology has been characterized by social-role theory and a quantitative approach.

  4. Investigation and Analysis of Psychological Help-seeking of“Post 90s”Students of Sports Major%“90后”体育类大学生心理求助分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙婧; 闫锦源; 王伟

    2013-01-01

    By using literature material, questionnaire method, statistical method and logic analysis method, taking“post 90s” students of sports major in Tianjin University as research object, status of sports students’ psychological help-seeking is studied. The results show that main reasons of students’ psychological distress of sport major are employment, learning and emotional problems. When facing psychological distress, students prefers to seeking help from good friends firstly, friends and parents secondly, and they the psychological consultation institutions and teachers are rarely chosen. Ways to relieve stress most are singing, sleeping and playing games. References on foreign and domestic research achievements of help-seeking behavior, countermeasures of students’ psychological problems in our country are put forward.%采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、数据统计法、逻辑分析法,以天津体育学院“90后”体育类大学生为研究对象,研究了体育类大学生心理求助的状况。研究结果表明,造成体育类大学生心理困扰的原因主要是就业、学习及异性情感问题。面临心理困扰时体育类大学生首选的求助对象是好朋友,其次是异性朋友和父母,而较少选择心理咨询机构和任课教师。体育类大学生常用的解压方式主要是唱歌、睡觉、打游戏。借鉴国内外关于大学生心理求助行为的研究成果,提出了解决我国体育类大学生心理求助问题的对策。

  5. Sports Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gozalova Marina

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. This article is devoted to sports tourism. The purpose of this article is to examine theoretical material on sports tourism, to analyze sports tourism in Russia and to search for promising areas for the study of sports tourism in our country. Material and methods. In this part the authors develop the idea of the role of doing sports and keeping fit. For anyone who really wants to be healthy, fitness has become an integral part of their lives. Results. The purpose of this research is to study theoretical material on sports tourism, to analyze sports tourism in Russia and to search for promising areas for the study of sports tourism in our country. On the basis of their research the authors come to the conclusion that sports and tourism are interconnected. There are important factors affecting the situation of sports tourism in Russia. The paper examines sports tourism attractions in Russia. Conclusion. The authors conclude that there exists a high correlation dependence of foreign and domestic development of sports tourism on resources allocated for sports infrastructure. All in all, sports tourism tours draw visitors to their favorite sporting event, facility, or destination throughout the world.

  6. Exploring Students'Sports Psychological Obstacles and Countermeasures in Higher Vocational College%探索高职院校学生体育心理障碍和对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王访清

    2015-01-01

    〔Abstract〕 The teaching purpose is to promote the students'physical and mental development, to cultivate the students' comprehensive quality. Physical education has an important significance on the cultivation of stu-dents'psychological and physical quality. Higher vocational colleges carrying out the PE teaching is based on these considerations. But it has to notice that there are some psychological barriers of the students in PE teach-ing in higher vocational colleges. These psychological barriers seriously hindered the sports course teaching of higher vocational education. In this article, the current higher vocational college students'sports psychological barriers are analyzed and summarized, and the corresponding countermeasures are put forward as well.%教学的目的是促进学生的身体与心理的共同发展,培养学生的综合素质。体育对于学生的心理与身体素质的培养有着重要的意义。高职院校开展体育教学也正是基于这方面的考虑,但是也要看到高职院校学生体育教学中,学生还存在着一些心理障碍,这些心理障碍严重阻碍了高职院校所开展的体育课程教学。本文就目前高职院校学生体育心理障碍进行了分析、总结,并就相应的对策提出了自已的见解。

  7. Sociology of Drug Consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available In this article which is a review of sociological ideas and studies of drug abusers in social situation, drug addiction steps (particularly alcohol, heroin and cocaine consumption are revised and some explanations are made. Also, the role of some sociological ideas in drug addiction is considered in which Anomie Theory reads: "because of such duality, the individuals who are not satisfied with their role are in hurt." According to this theory, drug users choose seclusion and neglecting usual social aims as well as competitive situations. Association of Differentiation Theory claims that drug use behavior is a learned behavior and the first learning occurs in a friendly small group (i.e. youngsters. Social Control theory believes that one can predict normal and abnormal behaviors through the rate of individuals' social commitments. Internal and external controls also determine commitment rate. Micro-cultural theory considers drug use as a compatibility with abnormal micro-culture rules. Symbolic Mutual Action Believes that the etiquettes which society attribute to individuals/behaviors determine their acquired social reactions rather than any inherited acquisition.

  8. Sanctions for doping in sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mandarić Sanja

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Top-level sport imposes new and more demanding physical and psychological pressures, and the desire for competing, winning and selfassertion leads athletes into temptation to use prohibited substances in order to achieve the best possible results. Regardless of the fact that the adverse consequences of prohibited substances are well-known, prestige and the need to dominate sports arenas have led to their use in sports. Doping is one of the biggest issues in sport today, and the fight against it is a strategic objective on both global and national levels. World Anti-Doping Agency, the International Olympic Committee, international sports federations, national anti-doping agencies, national sports federations, as well as governments and their repressive apparatuses are all involved in the fight against doping in sport. This paper points to a different etymology and phenomenology of doping, the beginnings of doping in sport, sports doping scandals as well as the most important international instruments regulating this issue. Also, there is a special reference in this paper to the criminal and misdemeanor sanctions for doping in sport. In Serbia doping in sport is prohibited by the Law on Prevention of Doping in Sports which came into force in 2005 and which prescribes the measures and activities aimed at prevention of doping in sport. In this context, the law provides for the following three criminal offenses: use of doping substances, facilitating the use of doping substances, and unauthorized production and putting on traffic of doping substances. In addition, aiming at curbing the abuse of doping this law also provides for two violations. More frequent and repetitive doping scandals indicate that doping despite long-standing sanctions is still present in sports, which suggests that sanctions alone have not given satisfactory results so far.

  9. A sociological dilemma: Race, segregation and US sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhambra, Gurminder K

    2014-07-01

    US sociology has been historically segregated in that, at least until the 1960s, there were two distinct institutionally organized traditions of sociological thought - one black and one white. For the most part, however, dominant historiographies have been silent on that segregation and, at best, reproduce it when addressing the US sociological tradition. This is evident in the rarity with which scholars such as WEB Du Bois, E Franklin Frazier, Oliver Cromwell Cox, or other 'African American Pioneers of Sociology', as Saint-Arnaud calls them, are presented as core sociological voices within histories of the discipline. This article addresses the absence of African American sociologists from the US sociological canon and, further, discusses the implications of this absence for our understanding of core sociological concepts. With regard to the latter, the article focuses in particular on the debates around equality and emancipation and discusses the ways in which our understanding of these concepts could be extended by taking into account the work of African American sociologists and their different interpretations of core themes.

  10. Representações sociais e instituição da realidade no subcampo esportivo do montanhismo: uma possibilidade de leitura sociológica a partir da obra "Sobre homens e montanhas" de Jon Krakauer Social representations and reality's institucion on sporting subfield of mountaineering: a possibility of sociologic reading from the composition "Sobre homens e montanhas" by Jon Krakauer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliano de Souza

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos nos quais se pautou a construção do presente artigo conduzem, de um lado, a identificar algumas representações sociais presentes no universo do montanhismo e, de outro, entender a forma como essas mesmas representações, em meio à luta e à concorrência, contribuem para a construção da realidade social nesse universo empírico delimitado. Para o desenvolvimento dessa proposta buscou-se suporte teórico-metodológico na sociologia reflexiva de Pierre Bourdieu, sobretudo em sua forma adquirida e explicitada na construção da teoria das representações sociais, da economia dos bens simbólicos e dos lucros de distinção no campo esportivo. Por fim, substanciou-se ainda nas considerações empíricas tecidas pelo alpinista e escritor Jon Krakauer em seu best-seller "Sobre homens e montanhas".The objectives in which the construction of the present article were based lead, from a side, to identify some social representations present in the mountaineering universe and, on the other, to understand the form like the same representations, in the struggle and the competition contribute to the construction of social reality in this delimited empirical universe. For the development of this proposal it was sough metodological support in the reflexive sociology of Pierre Bourdieu, especially in his acquired and explicated form in the construction of the social representations theory, of the economy of the symbolic goods and of the profits of distinction in the sporting field. Finally, it was still nourished in the empirical considerations woven by the mountaineer and writer Jon Krakauer in his best seller "On men and mountains".

  11. Report on the first International Martial Arts and Combat Sports Scientific Society (IMACSSS Conference - “Game, Drama, Ritual in Martial Arts and Combat Sports”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jikkemien Vertonghen

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The present report provides a brief account of the first conference of the International Martial Arts and Combat Sports Scientific Society (IMACSSS, held in Genova (Italy on June 8th-10th, 2012. There were 43 oral presentations and 15 posters divided into five themes: (1 Psychological dimensions of martial arts and combat sports (MA&CS; (2 Sociological and historical aspects of MA&CS; (3 Bio physical, bio technical and bio tactical issues in MA&CS; (4 Pedagogy and didactic methodologies in MA&CS; (5 Philosophical aspects, anthropological conceptions and taxonomy in MA&CS. The conference was a well-organised and unique meeting of MA&CS researchers with a wide variety of topics, international presence and expertise. It provided a good opportunity to consolidate and broaden scientific knowledge and research in MA&CS and contributed to the integration of the scientific community involved in their study.

  12. From Environmental Sociologies to Environmental Sociology? A Comparison of U.S. and European Environmental Sociology.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mol, A.P.J.

    2006-01-01

    U.S. environmental sociology has gone through a very different development path compared with its European counterpart. U.S. environmental sociology was dominant in establishing the field and setting the terms for the development and identity of this subdiscipline. Whereas U.S. environmental sociolo

  13. RESEARCH ON CONSTRUCTING INTERACTIVE TEACHING MODES BETWEEN SPORTS AND COLLEGE STUDENTS' PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH%构建高校体育与大学生心理健康互动教学模式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛进平

    2011-01-01

    Via literature,expert interview,logic analysis and other methods,this paper analyzes college students' psychological health status,probes into the relationship between sports exercise and college students' constitutions,discusses the channels by which physical training improves students' psychological health as well as the relationship between psychological health level and their mastery of knowledge about health.It puts forward the idea of integrating psychological health education with physical education in colleges and universities.%采用文献资料、专家访谈、逻辑分析等方法,解析大学生心理健康现状,探讨体育锻炼与大学生体质现状的关系、体育锻炼提高大学生心理健康的实施途径、心理健康水平与健康知识掌握程度的关系,提出将心理健康教育融入高校体育教学的思路。

  14. 积极心理学在体育教学中的应用——以SPARK课程为例%Application of active psychology study in sports teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董佼

    2011-01-01

    Viewed from the active psychology study and SPARK course,the paper discusses the guiding role of the active psychology study to the sports teaching from the perspectives of happiness,enriching and significance.The paper proposes that the active psychology study can improve the psychological development of the students and the relationship between the teachers and students.%从积极心理学这一新的理论视角出发,以SPARK课程为例,从愉快、充实和有意义三个理念维度阐述其对体育教学积极的指导作用。最后提出积极心理学能从理论和实践层面研究学校体育在促进学生心理健康发展方面和师生良好关系建立方面的作用。

  15. 心理学在国内运动训练中的应用、困境与对策%The Application of Psychology in the Sports Training in China-Dillema and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂永锋

    2011-01-01

    目前心理学在国内运动训练中的应用面临着诸多问题。其解决的对策是:运用"多元化"思维迎接"本土化"挑战;在提高服务质量的前提下拓展服务领域;强化运动心理学自身建设;设立心理工作者专门岗位;实现心理工作的专业性与专一性。%This paper discusses the current challenges of psychology application in the domestic movement training. The counter measares are:The Pluralistic methodology should be applied to overcome the localization challenge;The quality of service should be improved, at the same time, more and more areas should be involved; Develop the sports psychology science ;Set some specific positions to the psychological workers; Make the psychological work become professional and complete.

  16. Do Underachievers Need Sociology?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aladin El-Mafaalani

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a promising model for using sociological learning to support the education of young people who are socially disadvantaged or display behavioral problems. A great many of these students are trapped in patterns of negative behavior. The goal of the model is to enable these young people to think explicitly about the role they are playing and to encourage them to strike out in a new direction. To this end, Erving Goffman’s sociological insights are used to stage a theatrical performance about school. This approach is informed by the microsociological tradition of proceeding from the concrete to the abstract in order to facilitate inductive learning and self-reflection. Goffman’s theory of social action provides the social-theoretical background for the theatrical action, while also serving as a medium of contrast for the analysis of the individual, interaction, and institution in subsequent reflections about school. In this way, sociological theory not only serves as a theoretical foundation for the lesson, but is also explicitly its subject.Der Aufsatz zeigt eine erfolgversprechende Möglichkeit auf, soziologisches Lernen als Beitrag zur Förderung sozial benachteiligter und verhaltensauffälliger Jugendlicher in der Schule zu implementieren. Die meisten dieser Schüler sind in ihren Handlungsmustern gefangen. Ziel ist es, diesen Jugendlichen die Möglichkeit zu eröffnen, bewusst über ihre Rolle nachzudenken und einen anderen Weg einzuschlagen. Hierfür werden Erkenntnisse aus Erving Goffman‘s Soziologie für ein schulisches Schauspiel genutzt, um ganz im Sinne der mikrosoziologischen Tradition vom Konkreten auf das Abstrakte zu schließen und damit induktives Lernen sowie Selbstreflexion zu ermöglichen. Goffman‘s Theorie sozialen Handelns bildet für das szenische Spiel zunächst das sozialtheoretische Hintergrundrauschen, um schließlich in der Reflexion der sozialen Situation in der Schule als Kontrastmittel f

  17. Laughter in popular games and in sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eichberg, Henning

    2013-01-01

    and fitness, and the 'underground' dimension of laughter in modern sports. By comparative analysis, laughter reveals as a bodily discourse about the imperfect human being. It tells an oppositional story about the perfectionism in the order of Western thinking--in sports as well as in health. The bodily......Hurling in Cornwall, la soule in Britanny, Shrovetide football in England: Popular games have normally been treated as forerunners of modern sport, sport having regulated the space and the time of the game, the (non-) violence of behaviour, the control of results, the planning, strategy, tactics......, techniques and evaluation of the competitive action. This is told as a story of social improvement and progress--and about turning unhealthy wildness into civilized 'healthy' sport activity. What sociological analysis of game-playing tended to ignore was the laughter of the participants. With the seriousness...

  18. AIESEP-Bham 2012 Position Statement: Sport (and Exercise) Pedagogy

    OpenAIRE

    Van Vuuren-Cassar, G.

    2012-01-01

    Sport Pedagogy’ is an academic sub-discipline of the broader fields of Sport & Exercise Sciences, Kinesiology and Human Movement Studies (etc). Taking its place alongside established sub-disciplines such as exercise physiology, sport and exercise psychology and sports biomechanics, sport pedagogy focuses on synthesising knowledge to inform the ‘pedagogical encounter’. The pedagogical encounter is defined as that precise moment where a teacher, coach or instructor seeks to support a learner i...

  19. Annual Review of Sociology. Volume 9, 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Ralph H., Ed.; Short, James F., Jr., Ed.

    Twenty-six essays describing current research in sociology are included in this publication. The essays fall into 10 categories: differentiation and stratification; political sociology; social processes; institutions; individual and society; formal organizations; urban sociology; theory and methods; sociology of world regions; and historical…

  20. A Life with the Sociology of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitty, Geoff

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about a life with the sociology of education. He begins by describing the "old" and "new" sociologies of education. Then, he discusses the sociology of education policy and the relevance of Basil Bernstein, who remained the dominant presence within the sociology of education in the UK until his…

  1. Reflections on the Sociology of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konstantinovskii, D. L.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author offers reflections on the sociology of education, beginning with a discussion on the trajectory of the rise of the sociology of education in Russia. The author examines how the sociology of education in Russia looks compared to the rest of the world. The sociological study of education in Russia and the Soviet Union has…

  2. A Life with the Sociology of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitty, Geoff

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about a life with the sociology of education. He begins by describing the "old" and "new" sociologies of education. Then, he discusses the sociology of education policy and the relevance of Basil Bernstein, who remained the dominant presence within the sociology of education in the UK until his…

  3. A Life with the Sociology of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitty, Geoff

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about a life with the sociology of education. He begins by describing the "old" and "new" sociologies of education. Then, he discusses the sociology of education policy and the relevance of Basil Bernstein, who remained the dominant presence within the sociology of education in the UK until his death in 2000 and…

  4. Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sometimes you can injure yourself when you play sports or exercise. Accidents, poor training practices, or improper ... can also lead to injuries. The most common sports injuries are Sprains and strains Knee injuries Swollen ...

  5. A sociological dilemma: Race, segregation and US sociology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    US sociology has been historically segregated in that, at least until the 1960s, there were two distinct institutionally organized traditions of sociological thought – one black and one white. For the most part, however, dominant historiographies have been silent on that segregation and, at best, reproduce it when addressing the US sociological tradition. This is evident in the rarity with which scholars such as WEB Du Bois, E Franklin Frazier, Oliver Cromwell Cox, or other ‘African American Pioneers of Sociology’, as Saint-Arnaud calls them, are presented as core sociological voices within histories of the discipline. This article addresses the absence of African American sociologists from the US sociological canon and, further, discusses the implications of this absence for our understanding of core sociological concepts. With regard to the latter, the article focuses in particular on the debates around equality and emancipation and discusses the ways in which our understanding of these concepts could be extended by taking into account the work of African American sociologists and their different interpretations of core themes. PMID:25418995

  6. Regarding Bioethics: A Sociology of Morality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Vries, Raymond

    2017-01-01

    C. Wright Mills said that when done well, sociology illuminates the intersection of biography and history. This essay examines how the author's vocational choices and career path were shaped by historical circumstance, leading him to a degree in sociology and to participation in the odd and interesting interdiscipline of bioethics. Drawing on a distinction between sociology in bioethics and sociology of bioethics, the essay considers the value of sociology to the bioethical project.

  7. The Sociology of Zygmunt Bauman

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Michael Hviid; Poder, Poul

    Zygmunt Bauman is one of the most inspirational and controversial thinkers on the scene of contemporary sociology. For several decades he has provided compelling analyses and diagnoses of a vast variety of aspects of modern and liquid modern living. His work is increasingly popularized, appraised...... and adopted. However, there can be reasons to discuss and take a critical stance towards his work while also considering the theoretical significance of his contribution to sociology. To do this is the aim of this book. The Sociology of Zygmunt Bauman introduces and critically appraises some of the most...... significant as well as some of the lesser known and overlooked contributions of Zygmunt Bauman to contemporary sociology - ethics, freedom, utopia, genocide, metaphors, ambivalence, politics, strangers, globalization, power and consumerism. In separate chapters Bauman inspired scholars from the United Kingdom...

  8. Desordens alimentares no desporto: situação atual e perspectivas futuras no estudo dos fatores psicológicos Eating disorders in sport: current status and future directions in the study of the psychological factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Silva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho procura atingir dois objetivos. Em primeiro lugar, apresenta-se a situação atual da investigação sobre desordens alimentares no desporto. Neste caso, salientam-se as linhas de investigação dedicadas ao estudo da prevalência destes problemas no desporto e analisam-se as diferenças entre atletas e modalidades desportivas. Dadas as dificuldades destas linhas de investigação na compreensão dos comportamentos alimentares de risco nos atletas, são avançadas outras possibilidades de desenvolvimento da investigação. Assim, e enquanto segundo objetivo deste artigo, salientamos a necessidade de os estudos se dirigirem para a compreensão dos fatores psicológicos associados aos comportamentos alimentares de risco e implicados no desenvolvimento das desordens alimentares. Esta abordagem tem como vantagem adicional ajudar a prevenir estes problemas através da promoção das competências mentais dos atletas no sentido de resistirem melhor aos possíveis efeitos nocivos da prática desportiva, onde se inserem os problemas com a alimentação.This paper focuses on two main goals. In first place, we present the current status on the research about eating disorders in sport contexts. In this case, we point out studies dedicated to the analysis of the incidence of eating disorders in sport and studies that observe the differences between athletes and different sports in the tendency for these problems. Second, we proposed new research directions on this subject, namely the need of analysing the psychological factors that are related with the development of eating disorders on athletes. This research approach has the advantage of helping the prevention of eating disorders on athletes through the promotion of psychological skills that protect athletes from the negative effects of sport practicing, where are included maladaptive eating behaviors.

  9. USSR Report, Sociological Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Later the need to supplement this work with the psycho- logical and sexological advising of couples and measures on the preparation of young people for...marriage (infer- tility, aggravated heredity, sexual disorders); psychological and sexological edu- cation, first of all of young people, the

  10. [Sport medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Yoram

    2012-02-01

    It is only since the late 20th century that Sport and Exercise Medicine has emerged as a distinct entity in health care. In Israel, sports medicine is regulated by a State Law and a sport physician is certified after graduating a structured program. In the past, sports medicine was related to the diagnosis and treatment of injuries encountered by top athletes. In recent years, the scope of sport medicine has broadened to reflect the awareness of modern society of the dangers of physical inactivity. In this perspective the American College of Sport Medicine (ACSM) recently launched a program--"Exercise is Medicine", to promote physical activity in order to improve health and well-being and prevention of diseases through physical activity prescriptions. This program is from doctors and healthcare providers, adjusted to the patient or trainee. The sport physician does not replace a medical specialist, but having a thorough understanding about the etiology of a sport-related injury enables him to better focus on treatment and prevention. Therefore, Team Physicians in Elite Sport often play a role regarding not only the medical care of athletes, but also in the physiological monitoring of the athlete and correcting aberrations, to achieve peak physical performance. The broad spectrum of issues in sport and exercise medicine cannot be completely covered in one issue of the Journal. Therefore, the few reports that are presented to enhance interest and understanding in the broad spectrum of issues in sports and exercise medicine are only the tip of the iceberg.

  11. Psychological factors are important to return to pre-injury sport activity after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: expect and motivate to satisfy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonesson, Sofi; Kvist, Joanna; Ardern, Clare; Österberg, Annika; Silbernagel, Karin Grävare

    2017-05-01

    To describe individuals' expectations, motivation, and satisfaction before, during, and after rehabilitation for ACL reconstruction and to explore how these factors were associated with return to pre-injury sport activity at 1-year follow-up. Sixty-five individuals (34 males), median age 22 (15-45) years, scheduled for ACL reconstruction participated. Participants completed the International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (IKDC-SKF) and questions about expectations, satisfaction, and motivation pre-operatively and at 16 and 52 weeks after surgery. Prior to surgery, 86 % of participants stated that their goal was to return to their pre-injury sport activity. Those who had returned to their pre-injury sport activity at 52 weeks were more motivated during rehabilitation to return to their pre-injury activity level, more satisfied with their activity level and knee function at 52 weeks, and scored significantly higher on the IKDC-SKF [median 92.0 (range 66.7-100.0)] at 52 weeks, compared to those who had not returned [median 77.6 (range 50.6-97.7)]. Prior to ACL reconstruction, most participants expected to return to their pre-injury activity level. Higher motivation during rehabilitation was associated with returning to the pre-injury sport activity. The participants who had returned to their pre-injury sport activity were more satisfied with their activity level and knee function 1 year after the ACL reconstruction. Facilitating motivation might be important to support individuals in achieving their participation goals after ACL reconstruction. Prospective cohort study, Level II.

  12. The tendency of social psychology in expectation of gold medals for competitive sports in China%中国竞技体育金牌期待的社会心理走向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昕; 王伯超; 王铮; 商执娜

    2012-01-01

      As for a nation or society, the production and development of its psychology is a historical process, i.e. the formation of any kind of social psychology is a process of gradual formation, always connected to the history of long-term development of that society or nation. The tendency of social psychology in expectation of gold medals for competitive sports in China is divided into 3 historical stages, namely, social psychology in expectation of ex-ceeding type gold medals under the control of the government in the era of planned economy, social psychology in expectation of exceeding type gold medals under the guidance of the government in the era of market economy, so-cial psychology in expectation of multi-field, guiding type gold medals in the era of market economy. The tendency of social psychology is developing from valuing gold medals to disvaluing gold medals.%  一个民族、一个社会,其心理的产生和发展是一个历史过程,即任何一种社会心理的形成,总是与该社会和该民族长期的发展历史相联系的,是一个逐步形成的过程。中国竞技体育金牌期待的社会心理走向划分为3大历史阶段,即计划经济时代政府控制下赶超型金牌期待的社会心理、市场经济时代政府主导下赶超型金牌期待的社会心理、市场经济时代多元主导型金牌期待的社会心理。社会心理走向从重视金牌趋向于淡化金牌。

  13. Implications of Positive Psychology on the Research of Sports Psychology%论积极心理学对运动心理学研究的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林炜鹏; 黄艳兰

    2012-01-01

    积极心理学是近十几年来逐步兴起的新思潮,积极心理学研究取向打破了消极心理学一统心理学界的局面,为心理学研究带来了新的视角,提供了新鲜血液,对于平衡心理学发展,完善心理学发展起到积极的作用.%Positive psychology is a new trend of thought gradually booming in the last decade. Its new perspective in research has changed the situation in which negative psychology has been long dominating. Positive psychology not only brings new perspectives and vitality to the research of psychology, but also plays a very important role in balancing and improving the development of the psychology.

  14. Clima motivacional percibido, necesidades psicológicas y motivación intrínseca como predictores del compromiso deportivo en adolescentes. (Perceived motivational climate, psychological needs and intrinsic motivation as predictors of sport commitment in adolescent athletes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartolomé J. Almagro

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl estudio analizó la predicción del clima motivacional percibido, la satisfacción de las necesidades psicológicas básicas y la motivación intrínseca sobre la adherencia a la práctica deportiva. Se utilizó una muestra de 580 deportistas con una edad media de 14.46 años. Se emplearon el Cuestionario del Clima Motivacional Percibido en el Deporte-2, la Escala de las Necesidades Psicológicas Básicas en el Ejercicio, el factor motivación intrínseca de la Escala de Motivación Deportiva y la Medida de la Intencionalidad para ser Físicamente Activo. Los resultados del modelo de ecuaciones estructurales mostraron que el clima motivacional que implica a la tarea predecía las tres necesidades psicológicas básicas y la intención de seguir siendo físicamente activo. Por otro lado, el clima motivacional que implica al ego predecía la necesidades de autonomía y de competencia, aunque con un peso de regresión en ambos casos mucho menor que como lo hacía el clima tarea. La satisfacción de las tres necesidades psicológicas básicas predijo positivamente la motivación intrínseca. Por su parte, la motivación intrínseca predijo la intención de ser físicamente activo en el futuro. Se discuten los resultados en relación a la importancia de fomentar un clima motivacional tarea en los practicantes para incrementar la adherencia a la práctica deportiva.AbstractThe study analyzed the prediction of perceived motivational climate, basic psychological needs satisfaction and intrinsic motivation on adherence to sports. A sample of 580 athletes with a mean age of 14.46 years, participated in the study. The Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2, the Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale, the intrinsic motivation factor of the Sport Motivation Scale and Intention of Being Physically Active were used. Structural equation modeling results showed that the task-involving motivational climate positively predicted the

  15. Teaching Experimental Research of the Sport Education Patter Influencing Students Psychological Health in Vocational College%运动教育模式对高职学生心理健康影响的教学实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国锋

    2012-01-01

    结合高职院校的篮球课教学,通过教学实验研究了运动教育模式对高职学生心理健康的影响,结果表明:实验班实验后与实验前心理健康的总均分及躯体、人际关系、抑郁、焦虑、敌对因子有显著性差异.实验班学生实验后与实验前相比,应付解决问题的方式及自责、求助因子得到显著改善,学生状态焦虑显著降低,自我效能感显著提高.运动模式的实施对高职学生心理健康水平的提高有一定的促进作用.%Combing basketball teaching in vocational college, the sport education patter influencing students phychological health was studied by teaching experiment. Results showed.before experiment and affer,the students of experimental class had significant differences in the general value of psychological health, body and treating interpersonal relation, depression, anxiety and hostility factors had also significant differences. Affer experiment, students" coping ability of solving problems, factors of one- self blaming and recourse were raised, state anxiety were decreased significantly, and self-efficacy were increased. It indicated that sports education patter can enehance level of students psychological health in higher vocational colleges.

  16. Latin american sociology's contribution to sociological imagination: analysis, criticism, and social commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Vicente Tavares-dos-Santos

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper tackles the role played by sociology in the analysis of the transformation processes in the Latin American societies, in following the construction process of both State and Nation, and in questioning the social issues in Latin America. Six periods of sociology in Latin America and in the Caribbean Islands are analyzed: (i sociology's intellectual inheritance; (ii the authoritative-teaching sociology; (iii the "scientific sociology" period and the configuration of the "critical sociology"; (iv the institutional crisis, consolidation of the "critical sociology", and the diversification of sociology; (v the sociology of authoritarianism, of democracy, and of exclusion; and (vi the institutional consolidation and the worldization of sociology in Latin America (from the year 2000 on. It can be said that the distinctive features of the sociological knowledge in the continent have been: internationalism, hybridism, critical approach to the processes and conflicts in the Latin American societies, and social commitment on the part of the sociologist.

  17. Towards a sociology of disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmermans, Stefan; Haas, Steven

    2008-07-01

    We argue for a sociology of health, illness, and disease. Under the influence of Talcott Parsons, the social study of health began as medical sociology and then morphed into sociology of health and illness, focusing largely on the social aspects of health-related topics. Social scientists have been reluctant to tackle disease in its physiological and biological manifestations. The result is an impoverishment of sociological analysis on at least three levels: social scientists have rarely made diseases central to their inquiries; they have been reluctant to include clinical endpoints in their analysis; and they have largely bracketed the normative purpose of health interventions. Consequently, social scientists tend to ignore what often matters most to patients and health care providers, and the social processes social scientists describe remain clinically unanchored. A sociology of disease explores the dialectic between social life and disease; aiming to examine whether and how social life matters for morbidity and mortality and vice versa. Drawing from specific advances in science and technology studies and social epidemiology, we point to ways that sociologists can participate as health researchers.

  18. Preliminary report on social psychological factors in long duration space flights: Review and directions for future research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, A. A.

    1978-01-01

    Group dynamics, sociological and psychological factors are examined. Crew composition and compatibility are studied. Group dynamics analysis includes: leadership; cohesiveness; conformity; and conflict.

  19. The Functions and Methods of Mental Training on Competitive Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Jianshe

    Mental training is the major training method of the competitive sports and the main factor of athletes skill and tactics level.By combining the psychological factor with the current competitive sports characteristics, this paper presents the function of mental training forward athletes, and how to improve the comprehensive psychological quality by using mental training.

  20. Sports Nutrition: What the Future may Bring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campbell Bill

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The field of sports nutrition is a dynamic one. Core competencies in exercise physiology, psychology, integrated metabolism and biochemistry are the initial parameters for a successful career in sports nutrition. In addition to the academic fundamentals, it is imperative that the sports nutritionist understand the sport in which our client participates. This sport specific understanding should manifest itself in fuel utilization, mechanics of movement, as well as psychological processes that motivate the participant to perform optimally. Sports nutrition as a field has grown substantially over the past 50 years, from glycogen loading to today's scientifically validated ergogenic aids. The last ten years has seen the largest advancement of sports nutrition, with the following areas driving much of the research: the effects of exercise on protein utilization, meal timing to maximize the anabolic response, the potential for ribose to benefit those engaged in high-energy repetitive sports, and creatine and its uses within athletics and medicine. The future of sports nutrition will dictate that we 1 collectively strive for a higher standard of care and education for counseling athletes and 2 integrate different disciplines. We are in an era of unprecedented growth and the new knowledge is constantly evolving. The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN will contribute to this exciting field in many ways, and we ask for your contribution by sharing your passion, stories, research, and life experiences with us.

  1. The Sociology of Social Inclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Allman

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article looks at social inclusion from a sociological perspective. It argues that sociology complements biological and other natural order explanations of social stratification. The article interrogates a variety of forms of social integration, including ostracism within 5th century b.c. Greece, 19th-century solidarism, and Goffman’s mid-20th-century work on stigma. It does so to demonstrate how in each of these contexts, social inclusion and exclusion can function as apparati that problematize people on the margins, and by extension, contribute to their governance and control. The article proposes that sociology provides a valuable orientation from which to consider social inclusion because it illuminates how social integration maintains and manages the ways in which people move about and through their socially stratified worlds.

  2. Medical sociology as a vocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosk, Charles L

    2014-12-01

    This article extends Weber's discussion of science as a vocation by applying it to medical sociology. Having used qualitative methods for nearly 40 years to interpret problems of meaning as they arise in the context of health care, I describe how ethnography, in particular, and qualitative inquiry, more generally, may be used as a tool for understanding fundamental questions close to the heart but far from the mind of medical sociology. Such questions overlap with major policy questions such as how do we achieve a higher standard for quality of care and assure the safety of patients. Using my own research, I show how this engagement takes the form of showing how simple narratives of policy change fail to address the complexities of the problems that they are designed to remedy. I also attempt to explain how I balance objectivity with a commitment to creating a more equitable framework for health care. © American Sociological Association 2014.

  3. The Sociology of Zygmunt Bauman

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Michael Hviid; Poder, Poul

    Zygmunt Bauman is one of the most inspirational and controversial thinkers on the scene of contemporary sociology. For several decades he has provided compelling analyses and diagnoses of a vast variety of aspects of modern and liquid modern living. His work is increasingly popularized, appraised...... life and intellectual trajectory published here for the first time in English. In this postscript aptly entitled "Pro Domo Sua" ("About Myself"), he describes the pushes and pulls that throughout the years have shaped his thinking......., Germany, Australia and Scandinavia delineate and discuss how Bauman's treatment of these themes challenges conventional wisdom in sociology thereby revising and revitalizing sociological theory. As a special feature, the book concludes with Bauman's intriguing reflections and contemplations on his own...

  4. Psychological Skills Development and Maintenance in Professional Soccer Players: An Experimental Design with Follow Up Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miçoogullari, Bülent Okan

    2016-01-01

    Psychological skills training and Psychological well-being (PWB) are two essential concepts not only for general mental health but also for athletic performance in sport settings. However, the effects of problems in Sport Training Scale (PSTS) on sport performance and general psychological well-being have not been systematically examined through…

  5. Committing Canadian sociology: developing a Canadian sociology and a sociology of Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Ralph

    2014-05-01

    This paper is a slightly revised version of the author's "Outstanding Career Award Lecture" presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Sociological Association in Victoria, British Columbia on June 6, 2013. The paper distinguishes between Canadian Sociology and the Sociology of Canada. The former involves the explanatory stance that one takes to understanding Canada. The latter addresses the significant social dimensions that underlie Canadian social organization, culture, and behavior. I make a case for a Canadian Sociology that focuses on the unique features of Canadian society rather than adopting a comparative perspective. I also argue that there is a continuing need within the Sociology of Canada to address the issues of staples development. However, I argue that "new" staples analysis must have a directional change from that of the past, in that social processes now largely determine the pattern of staples development. Moreover, new staples analysis must include issues that were never part of earlier staples analysis, such as issues of environmental impacts and of staples depletion under conditions, such as climate change. The paper concludes by analyzing four factors that provide the dominant social contexts for analyzing modern staples development: (1) the rise of neoliberal government, (2) the implementation of globalization and its social consequences, (3) the assumption of aboriginal rights and entitlement, and (4) the rise of environmentalism. These factors were generally not considered in earlier staples approaches. They are critical to understanding the role of staples development and its impact on Canada in the present time.

  6. Sport Psychological Skills of College Student Athletes——Taking Guangdong Vocational Institute of Sport for Example%大学生运动员运动心理技能研究——以广东体育职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王少璞; 漆昌柱

    2015-01-01

    采用文献法、访谈法、问卷调查法以及统计分析法,对广东体育职业技术学院 419名大学生运动员的运动心理技能进行了深入分析研究,试图揭示大学生运动员在运动心理技能上的现状,为大学生运动员的培养提供参考建议.%Based on the method of literature, interviews, questionnaire and statistical analysis, the paper researched Guangdong Sports Vocational and Technical College student athletes' psychological skills, in order to reveal its present situation, and suggest for training student athletes.

  7. Sociology and the Sociology of Higher Education: A Missed Call or a Disconnection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deem, Rosemary

    2004-01-01

    The article explores the relationship between sociology and sociology of education in the United Kingdom (UK), with specific reference to the development of a sociology of higher education. Though the article is mainly concerned with the UK, the broader issues raised, about the status and location of the sociology of education in relation to…

  8. The Corpus Status of Literature in Teaching Sociology: Novels as "Sociological Reconstruction"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlin, Andrew P.

    2010-01-01

    Using fiction in teaching sociology involves what Harvey Sacks calls "sociological reconstruction". Numerous comments on teaching sociology provide advice and suggestions on the use of literature and "what counts" as "sociological" literature, including specific titles. This paper goes further: while the use of literature is a routine feature of…

  9. Should We Talk about the Pain? Personalizing Sociology in the Medical Sociology Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowakowski, Alexandra C. H.; Sumerau, J. E.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the potential of personalizing sociology curriculum, specifically in Medical Sociology courses, to increase student engagement and sociological awareness. Based on our experiences offering separate Medical Sociology courses at a large public research university and a small private teaching university, respectively, we…

  10. The Corpus Status of Literature in Teaching Sociology: Novels as "Sociological Reconstruction"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlin, Andrew P.

    2010-01-01

    Using fiction in teaching sociology involves what Harvey Sacks calls "sociological reconstruction". Numerous comments on teaching sociology provide advice and suggestions on the use of literature and "what counts" as "sociological" literature, including specific titles. This paper goes further: while the use of literature is a routine feature of…

  11. Should We Talk about the Pain? Personalizing Sociology in the Medical Sociology Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowakowski, Alexandra C. H.; Sumerau, J. E.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the potential of personalizing sociology curriculum, specifically in Medical Sociology courses, to increase student engagement and sociological awareness. Based on our experiences offering separate Medical Sociology courses at a large public research university and a small private teaching university, respectively, we…

  12. Psychological Outcomes of Bullying Among Athletes

    OpenAIRE

    Veli Onur Celik; Esra Yancar Demir

    2016-01-01

    Bullying may lead to multiple consequences including academic, social and psychological problems. Bullying, like with in many other branches, has been a major problem in sports. Every form of bullying is described in sports. The competitive nature of sports might unconsciously support bullying. The studies showed that victimization caused by bullying may lead to psychological and physical medical problems as well as unplesant results such as drug abuse and predisposition to crime. In this rev...

  13. 中国大陆社会心理学适应性重建初探--基于社会转型期知识社会学的视角%Social Psychology Reconstruction in Mainland China during Social Transition Period---From the Perspective of Sociology of Knowledge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张曙光

    2016-01-01

    以社会转型为背景,以知识社会学为视角,梳理当前中国大陆社会心理学的两种主要范式———“实验社会心理学”与“本土(化)社会心理学”,揭示其与本土“历史—社会现实”的疏离状况,进而对其本体论的缺陷进行反思与批判,探讨以消解疏离为目标、以“本土(化)社会心理学”为基底、以“社会转型”为基本背景框架与研究内容、以本体论的重构为切入点与着力点的大陆社会心理学重建之路。%From the perspective of sociology of knowledge, This article makes a review of the two main paradigms of social psychology in mainland China during the social transition period, that�s “Experimental Social Psychology” and “Indigenous/Indigenized Social Psychology”. It reveals these two paradigms�alienation from the indigenous “historical⁃social reality”, and reflects on the faults of the ontology of them. Some suggestions of a social psychology reconstruction in mainland China are made: this kind of alienation should be got rid of, the reconstruction should be supported by the “indigenous/indigenized social psychology” under the background of “social transition”, and an ontology reconstruction could work as the starting point.

  14. Eye Injuries in Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in Sports Which sports cause the most eye injuries?Sports cause more than 40,000 eye injuries each ... and racquet sports.When it comes to eye injuries, sports can be classified as low risk, high risk ...

  15. Sports massage. A comprehensive review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moraska, A

    2005-09-01

    The science of sports massage is of interest to many populations including athletes, athletic trainers, coaches, as well as sports physiologists. While evidence to support or refute the effects of massage on sports performance is insufficient to make definitive statements, new reports and trends within data help formulate an understanding of sports massage. This article will review sports massage research on topics including lactate clearance, delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS), muscle fatigue, the psychological effect of massage, and injury prevention and treatment. Articles referenced in Medline, Cochrane Database, the authors library, and references from articles are included in this review. Most studies contain methodological limitations including inadequate therapist training, insufficient duration of treatment, few subjects, or over or under working of muscles that limit a practical conclusion. Muscle soreness associated with DOMS is reduced with massage, although whether force recovers more quickly is still unclear. The research literature to date is insufficient to conclude whether massage facilitates recovery from a fatiguing effort. Both tissue healing and a psychological effect of massage are areas that may prove promising with further research. Results from published literature support a positive trend for massage to benefit athletic recovery and performance; a need for further research into sports massage, especially well-designed studies utilizing therapists specifically trained to administer this type of therapy, is warranted.

  16. Can sociology help to improve nursing practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, David

    The first in a five-part series on sociology offers an overview of the debate about the relationship between sociology and nursing. Although sociological education is currently limited within nurse education, there is a long-held argument for its relevance. With a growing emphasis on preventative and public healthcare, sociology may yet prove its usefulness. Subsequent articles cover four of the key social factors affecting health.

  17. 体育舞蹈对大学生身心健康的影响%Effect of dance-sport on physical-psychological health of university students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓新; 姚璇

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Dance-sport is a newly emerging sport item, integrating sport with music and dance. It not only develops physical diathesis and sport skills, but also actively affects psychological health of university students.OBJECTIVE: To analyze and observe the changes in psychological health, physical diathesis and musical cultivation after dance-sport training for university students.DESIGN: Cross-section investigation was designed, in which, the students in elective class of dance-sport were taken as objects.SETTING: Department of Physical Education of China University of Mining and Technology.PARTICIPANTS: Totally 116 students were collected from 2001' elective class of dance-sport in China University of Mining and Technology from September 2001 to January 2003. All of receptors selected dance-sport at the first time. Of 120 copies of Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) were provided and 116 of those were returned, in which, 58 students were either male or female, aged averagely 19.7 years.METHODS: Questionnaire: SCL-90 was used to evaluate 9 main outcome measures, named psychological health, somatization, obsessive compulsive (o-c) symptoms, personal relations, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobism,paranoid ideation and metal disorder; in which, 5 grades were adopted,named 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 grades, to represent no, mild, moderate, severe and extremely severe impacts successively. Test: according to stipulated music rate, cardiac rate and music were tested so as to observe the changes in physical diathesis and capacity of musical rhythm understanding. Simultaneously, literatures were looked up on education, psychology and physical education to provide theoretic evidence for this paper. The questionnaire was provided before and after the semester respectively and returned for music test. Test on cardiac rate was performed at the end of semester.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Comparison among the results of two SCL-90 evaluations, positive number and total average result in

  18. European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference (EASS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentholm, Anette Lisbeth

    2016-01-01

    ) the children have to participate in physical activities at least 45 minutes each school day. Autism and ADHD are disabling conditions that affects social communication and interaction, and often also their motor skills and cognition (Harvey & Reid, 2003; Verret, 2010). Therefore these children can be challenge......Ability to show shame can include children with autism and ADHD in physical education (PE) at primary school in Denmark More children diagnosed with autism and ADHD have been included in primary school by law in Denmark over the last years (L379, 2012). In a new School reform (L406, 2014...... to participate in and be included in PE. The overall research question is: How the children with autism and ADHD experiences to be included in the figuration of PE at school? The research includes 11 children with autism and ADHD in ordinary classes at two different schools in the northern part of Denmark...

  19. Psychosocial aspects of rehabilitation in sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Covassin, Tracey; Beidler, Erica; Ostrowski, Jennifer; Wallace, Jessica

    2015-04-01

    When an athlete is injured, the primary focus of the sports medicine team is to treat the physical effects of the injury. However, many injured athletes experience negative psychological responses that should also be addressed throughout the rehabilitation process. Sports medicine professions should use psychosocial skills to help decrease the negative consequences of the injury, such as fear of reinjury, anxiety, depression, and adherence to rehabilitation. These psychosocial skills include goal setting, imagery, relaxation techniques, motivation, and self-talk. This article addresses the negative consequences of injury, psychosocial skills used to aid in the rehabilitation process, and clinical implications of the psychological aspects of rehabilitation in sport.

  20. The Active Role of Sports Modernization to the Psychological Health of Higher Vocational College Students%论体育现代化对高职大学生心理健康的积极作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋志华

    2012-01-01

    The talent of the 21st century should have three characteristics: a strong body, profound knowledge and sound personality. In order to meet the demand of social development and the intense market competition, the modern vocational college students, the pillars of the State and the builders of socialist modernization, not only need to learn professional skills and improve physical quality, but also need to cultivate healthy psychology. At present our country college students'psychological health is not optimistic, which Education institutions and the society pay attention to. There are a lot of measures to cultivate college students'mental health, and sports is a very important one. Sports play the active role in the psychological health of the vocational college students, boosting the self - confidence of students, tempering strong will, regulating mood, coordinating interpersonal, and promoting the all - round devel- opment of personality and the improvement of the overall quality.%当代高职大学生作为国家的栋梁之才和社会主义现代化的建设者,不仅需要学好专业技能、提高身体素质,更需要培养健康的心理,这也是体育现代化的目标,这样也才能更适应社会发展的需要和激烈的市场竞争。目前我国高职大学生心理健康状况不太乐观,教育机构和社会对此极其关注。体育现代化旨使学生在体育运动中培养健康的心理,体育现代化对高职大学生的心理健康有着积极的作用,有利于增强高职大学生的自信心,锻炼坚强意志,调节情绪,协调人际关系和促进人格的全面发展和综合素质的提高。

  1. Teaching Sport as History, History through Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, Robert F.

    1978-01-01

    Describes an undergraduate history course based on two themes: sport as a reflection of society and sport as a socializing agent affecting society. The course focuses on sports and industrialization, traditional and modern sports, political and economic aspects of sport, and inequality and discrimination in sports. (Author/JK)

  2. Organizational structure and features of Sports Committee of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleksandr Tomenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: in order to improve the management of non-Olympic sports in Ukraine to determine the structure and functions of the Sports Committee of Ukraine. Material and Methods: analysis and synthesis of scientific literature; analysis of documentary materials; sociological methods. Results: we find the structure of the Sports Committee of Ukraine as hierarchical with complexity traits. Local management bodies are: the General Assembly, the Executive Committee, the Bureau and the President. The decisions of the governing bodies implementation shall exercise the Executive Directorate and four commissions. It is shown that the strategic resource of the Sports Committee of Ukraine are knowledge and exclusive experience; capability perspective of reforming the sphere of physical culture and sports, work on the development of the Academy of Sports Committee of Ukraine

  3. 浅议大学体育舞蹈的心理健康功能及其实施策略%On the Psychological Functions and the Implementation Strategy of Collges' Sports Dance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李磊; 刘红梅

    2012-01-01

    Thanks to the development of the society, the ever-increasing emphasises on college students' life quality and the frenzy of fitness, college sports dance is becoming increasingly popular with college students. Its psychological health functions include:to improve and optimize the students's intelligence structure and improve the students' intelligence level;to fully meet the students' need and maitain their mental balance; to adjust the mood and cultivate the students' healthy personality; to enrich their spiritual life and improve the humanitarian training. The strategies for carrying out college sports dance include:to introduce the content full play to the role of the students'organizations to provide of sports dance in colleges' P. E and arts courses,to give a a platform for the sports dance; to take various steps to encourage students to take up the sports dance;to display the achievement of training in order to better the motivation of the students;speed up the integration of sports dande with local culture and carry forward the ethnic culture.%随着社会的进步,大学生对生活质量的重视和健身热潮的兴起,大学体育舞蹈越来越受到大学生们的欢迎。大学体育舞蹈的心理健康功能有:1.完善和整合大学生的智能结构,提升大学生的智能水平的功能;2.全面满足大学生的心理需要,维持心理平衡的功能;3.调整情绪,培养健康人格的功能;4.丰富精神生活,提升人文素养的功能。大学开展体育舞蹈的策略有:1.依托大学体育课程和艺术课程,设置体育舞蹈的内容;2.充分发挥大学生社团的作用,为大学生学习体育舞蹈提供平台;3.采取多种措施,提高大学生从事体育舞蹈活动的积极性;4.利用训练成果的展示,提高大学生从事体育舞蹈的动机;5.加快体育舞蹈的"本土化"进程,传承民族文化。

  4. KEY TOPICS IN SPORTS MEDICINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Ali Narvani

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Key Topics in Sports Medicine is a single quick reference source for sports and exercise medicine. It presents the essential information from across relevant topic areas, and includes both the core and emerging issues in this rapidly developing field. It covers: 1 Sports injuries, rehabilitation and injury prevention, 2 Exercise physiology, fitness testing and training, 3 Drugs in sport, 4 Exercise and health promotion, 5 Sport and exercise for special and clinical populations, 6 The psychology of performance and injury. PURPOSE The Key Topics format provides extensive, concise information in an accessible, easy-to-follow manner. AUDIENCE The book is targeted the students and specialists in sports medicine and rehabilitation, athletic training, physiotherapy and orthopaedic surgery. The editors are authorities in their respective fields and this handbook depends on their extensive experience and knowledge accumulated over the years. FEATURES The book contains the information for clinical guidance, rapid access to concise details and facts. It is composed of 99 topics which present the information in an order that is considered logical and progressive as in most texts. Chapter headings are: 1. Functional Anatomy, 2. Training Principles / Development of Strength and Power, 3. Biomechanical Principles, 4. Biomechanical Analysis, 5. Physiology of Training, 6. Monitoring of Training Progress, 7. Nutrition, 8. Hot and Cold Climates, 9. Altitude, 10. Sport and Travelling, 11. Principles of Sport Injury Diagnosis, 12. Principles of Sport and Soft Tissue Management, 13. Principles of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, 14. Principles of Sport Injury Prevention, 15. Sports Psychology, 16. Team Sports, 17. Psychological Aspects of Injury in Sport, 18. Injury Repair Process, 19. Basic Biomechanics of Tissue Injury, 20. Plain Film Radiography in Sport, 21. Nuclear Medicine, 22. Diagnostic Ultrasound, 23. MRI Scan, 24. Other Imaging, 5. Head Injury, 26. Eye

  5. Sports Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪毓

    2004-01-01

    Sports medicine has become one of the biggest and fastest growing medical fields in recent years. That is because sports have become a major part of most societies. As work becomes more stressful (紧张的,压力重

  6. Sports Physicals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Prepare for Your Sports Season Choosing the Right Sport for You Contact Us Print Resources Send to a Friend Permissions Guidelines Note: Clicking these links will take you to a site outside of KidsHealth's control. About TeensHealth Nemours.org Reading ...

  7. Sport Toekomstverkenning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marieke van Bakel; Ine Pulles; Annet Tiessen-Raaphorst; Frank den Hertog; Robert Vonk; Casper Schoemaker

    2017-01-01

    Deze publicatie verschijnt enkel digitaal op www.sporttoekomstverkenning.nl. Welke maatschappelijke veranderingen beïnvloeden de sport in Nederland? Waar gaat het heen met de sport tussen nu en 2040? Welke kansen, maar ook keuzes biedt dit voor de sportsector en het sportbeleid? Deze vragen

  8. Sports Physicals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... more specific about athletic issues. During a regular physical, however, your doctor will address your overall well-being, which may include things that are unrelated to sports. You can ask your doctor to give you both types of ... if your sports physical exam doesn't reveal any problems, it's always ...

  9. Sports Nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri State Dept. of Health, Jefferson City.

    This guide deals with various aspects of sports and nutrition. Twelve chapters are included: (1) "Sports and Nutrition"; (2) "Eat to Compete"; (3) "Fit Folks Need Fit Food"; (4) "The Food Guide Pyramid"; (5) "Fat Finder's Guide"; (6) "Pre- and Post-Event Meals"; (7) "Tips for the…

  10. Paralympic Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The sport movement for persons with a disability has changed dramatically over the last dec- ades with even more changes ahead.Public awareness has increased.More and more individuals with a disability of all ages find interest in sport.

  11. Sport Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkhouse, Bonnie L., Ed.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Traditional teaching and coaching positions have become scarce but the expanding field of sport management has created its own job market, demanding new skills and preparation. Three articles are offered that explore different aspects and possibilities for a sport management career. (DF)

  12. The psychology of doping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elbe, Anne-Marie; Barkoukis, Vassilis

    2017-08-01

    Doping is increasingly becoming a problem in both elite and recreational sports. It is therefore important to understand the psychological factors which can explain doping behavior in order to prevent it. The present paper briefly presents evidence on the prevalence of doping use in competitive sports and the measurement approaches to assess doping behavior and doping-related variables. Furthermore, the integrative theoretical approaches used to describe the psychological processes underlying doping use are discussed. Finally, the paper provides suggestions for appropriate measurement of doping behavior and doping-related variables, key preventive efforts against doping as well as avenues for future research. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. 对高校女生经期运动恐惧心理的讨论*--以陕西师范大学为例%College Girls'Psychological Fear for Sports during Menstrual Period---A case study on Shaanxi normal university

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林杏; 晏飞

    2015-01-01

    针对在校女生的经期运动心理恐惧做出简要的了解与分析,试图从中找到一些理论依据,为女性在经期更提供有效、科学的运动保健方法。%This article makes a brief analysis of college girls'psychological fear for sports during menstrual period, trying to find some theoretical basis, and provide more effective and scientific method of sports health care for girls in the menstrual period.

  14. Sports specialization in young athletes: evidence-based recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayanthi, Neeru; Pinkham, Courtney; Dugas, Lara; Patrick, Brittany; Labella, Cynthia

    2013-05-01

    Sports specialization is intense training in 1 sport while excluding others. Sports specialization in early to middle childhood has become increasingly common. While most experts agree that some degree of sports specialization is necessary to achieve elite levels, there is some debate as to whether such intense practice time must begin during early childhood and to the exclusion of other sports to maximize potential for success. There is a concern that sports specialization before adolescence may be deleterious to a young athlete. PubMed and OVID were searched for English-language articles from 1990 to 2011 discussing sports specialization, expert athletes, or elite versus novice athletes, including original research articles, consensus opinions, and position statements. For most sports, there is no evidence that intense training and specialization before puberty are necessary to achieve elite status. Risks of early sports specialization include higher rates of injury, increased psychological stress, and quitting sports at a young age. Sports specialization occurs along a continuum. Survey tools are being developed to identify where athletes fall along the spectrum of specialization. Some degree of sports specialization is necessary to develop elite-level skill development. However, for most sports, such intense training in a single sport to the exclusion of others should be delayed until late adolescence to optimize success while minimizing injury, psychological stress, and burnout.

  15. The Psychology of Psychic Distance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Håkanson, Lars; Ambos, Björn; Schuster, Anja

    2016-01-01

    and their theoretical underpinnings assume psychic distances to be symmetric. Building on insights from psychology and sociology, this paper demonstrates how national factors and cognitive processes interact in the formation of asymmetric distance perceptions. The results suggest that exposure to other countries...

  16. Guide to Sources: Sociology. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soifer, Libby P.

    This guide and annotated bibliography is designed to introduce sociology students to the basic research tools in their field that are available in the Fogler Library at the University of Maine. Brief explanations and examples are provided of the relevant Library of Congress subject headings and call numbers used in Fogler Library, as well as the…

  17. Audiological rehabilitation in sociological perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hindhede, Anette Lykke

    as the 'truth'. By building on a sociological approach to hearing impairment that reaches beyond the medical definition, we see another picture emerging. Some patients embark on the process of getting a hearing aid and come to the hearing aid fitting as a response to social pressure from relatives or colleagues...

  18. Brazilian Sociology; Trends and Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguiar, Neuma

    1995-01-01

    Delineates the historical and sociopolitical factors that influenced the educational development of sociology in Brazil. Discusses leading theorists, educational reformers, and the university's role in opposing the military regime. More recent crises have included shrinking academic budgets and declining enrollment. (MJP)

  19. Analytical Sociology: A Bungean Appreciation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Poe Yu-ze

    2012-01-01

    Analytical sociology, an intellectual project that has garnered considerable attention across a variety of disciplines in recent years, aims to explain complex social processes by dissecting them, accentuating their most important constituent parts, and constructing appropriate models to understand the emergence of what is observed. To achieve…

  20. The Applied Connection for Sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boros, Alexander

    1984-01-01

    A survey of the 76 graduates of Kent State's applied sociology masters program, designed to prepare students for employment outside academe, found one graduate employed outside her field, four who continued their education and became practicing sociologists, and a majority who used their training as human service practitioners. (MSE)

  1. Sociological analysis and comparative education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woock, Roger R.

    1981-12-01

    It is argued that comparative education is essentially a derivative field of study, in that it borrows theories and methods from academic disciplines. After a brief humanistic phase, in which history and philosophy were central for comparative education, sociology became an important source. In the mid-50's and 60's, sociology in the United States was characterised by Structural Functionalism as a theory, and Social Survey as a dominant methodology. Both were incorporated into the development of comparative education. Increasingly in the 70's, and certainly today, the new developments in sociology are characterised by an attack on Positivism, which is seen as the philosophical position underlying both functionalism and survey methods. New or re-discovered theories with their attendant methodologies included Marxism, Phenomenological Sociology, Critical Theory, and Historical Social Science. The current relationship between comparative education and social science is one of uncertainty, but since social science is seen to be returning to its European roots, the hope is held out for the development of an integrated social theory and method which will provide a much stronger basis for developments in comparative education.

  2. The Dialogic Sociology of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flecha, Ramon

    2011-01-01

    Reproduction theories emphasised the idea that schools reproduce relations of oppression. Later, postmodernism has increased the language of impossibility by analysing all educational actions in terms of power relations. Therefore, educational actions in line with any of those sociological approaches cannot act as tools that schools and…

  3. Race Relations in Sociological Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rex, John

    This book seeks to develop sociological theory adequate to deal with the various uses to which racism has been put. How particular political orders apply "scientific" rationalizations, including race, to disguise their true origins in force, violence, and usurpation is demonstrated. Analysis of exploitative conditions starts with an objective…

  4. The Dialogic Sociology of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flecha, Ramon

    2011-01-01

    Reproduction theories emphasised the idea that schools reproduce relations of oppression. Later, postmodernism has increased the language of impossibility by analysing all educational actions in terms of power relations. Therefore, educational actions in line with any of those sociological approaches cannot act as tools that schools and…

  5. Connecting Life Span Development with the Sociology of the Life Course: A New Direction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilleard, Chris; Higgs, Paul

    2016-04-01

    The life course has become a topic of growing interest within the social sciences. Attempts to link this sub-discipline with life span developmental psychology have been called for but with little sign of success. In this paper, we seek to address three interlinked issues concerning the potential for a more productive interchange between life course sociology and life span psychology. The first is to try to account for the failure of these two sub-disciplines to achieve any deepening engagement with each other, despite the long-expressed desirability of that goal; the second is to draw attention to the scope for enriching the sociology of the life course through Erik Erikson's model of life span development; and the last is the potential for linking Eriksonian theory with current debates within mainstream sociology about the processes involved in 'individualisation' and 'self-reflexivity' as an alternative entry point to bring together these two fields of work.

  6. 现代社会下高校体育资源需求心理对教学改革原创作用的研究%The creative role of psychological demand of sports resources on collegiate education reform under the background of modern society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江瑞

    2015-01-01

    This paper is to explore the influence and guide effect of the undergraduates′psychological demand of sports resources on the education reform under the development of modern society. Re-search shows that at the present stage,the sports resources that can be used in college sports educa-tion include sports curriculum resources,sports technology resources and sports brand resources. College students′psychological needs on sports resources can be divided into two types:interest need and comparing need. The interest need focuses on the factors that consist of sports curriculum re-sources while the comparing need on the sports brand resources. Hereby,it is proposed a″four dos and four don′ts″ plan for future college sports education reform.%探索当代社会发展的情况下,大学生高校体育资源的需求心理对教学改革的影响与引导,研究表明,现阶段可用于大学体育教育的高校体育资源包含体育课程资源、体育科技资源、体育品牌资源三个种类;大学生对高校体育资源的心理需求可分为兴趣需要和攀比需要两个类别;大学生对高校体育资源的兴趣需要优势集合在体育课程资源的构成因素上,而他们的攀比需要优势则集合在体育品牌资源的构成因素上;据此研究者提出了未来大学体育教育应作“四有四无”的改革。

  7. Psychology in Spain: Its Historical and Cultural Roots, Instruction, Research and Future Prospects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montes-Berges, Beatriz; Aranda, Maria; Castillo-Mayen, Maria del Rosario

    2011-01-01

    Roots in Spanish Psychology dated back to Huarte de San Juan (1575). From this period to nowadays, Psychology has notably developed, branching in different areas such as psychology and sports and physical exercise, clinical and health psychology, educational psychology, psychology of social intervention, legal psychology, work and organisational…

  8. Sociology: a view from the diaspora.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, Richard

    2010-12-01

    From the vantage point of criminology, one of sociology's main export subject areas, the present and future of sociology appear a good deal more promising than John Holmwood's essay on the discipline's misfortune would suggest. Sociology remains in high demand by students and faculty hiring remains strong, even in its more critical sub-fields, such as race and ethnicity, sex and gender, and social inequality. Holmwood is correct that sociology is vulnerable to external pressures to demonstrate its relevance to social practice, but those pressures come from left-wing social movements as well as from centres of power. He is also correct that external pressures contribute to internal disagreement, but sociology has been at war with itself since the 1960s, with little evident decline in its academic standing or intellectual vitality. Those of us on the discipline's diaspora, who depend on sociology for both support and light, must remain hopeful about sociology's continued good fortune.

  9. Extending Sociological Theorising on High Ability: The Significance of Values and Lived Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzoli Smith, Laura

    2014-01-01

    Sociological work on high ability is framed by social constructionist theorising and/or takes a social justice approach, and hence particular analytical intellectual traditions are foregrounded. Whilst these approaches have contributed the main critique of essentialist psychological understandings of high ability, they can eclipse normative…

  10. Sports Psychology Consulting Service System Design and Development%运动心理咨询服务系统设计与开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝海涛

    2014-01-01

    运用计算机、网络和多媒体技术,设计开发运动员心理咨询系统,为运动员提供心理咨询和服务平台,旨在为维护运动员竞技心理健康,提高运动水平提供服务平台和技术支持。%Use of computer, networking and multimedia technology, design and development of athletes psychological counseling system for athletes to provide psychological counseling and services platform, is designed to provide service plat-form and technical support for the maintenance of competitive athletes mental health, improve athletic level.

  11. Rapportage sport 2008

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koen Breedveld; Carlijn Kamphuis; Annet Tiessen-Raaphorst

    2008-01-01

    Sport boeit. Sport bindt. Sport bevordert de gezondheid. En sport betaalt. Sport is anno 2008 ongekend populair. Tweederde van de Nederlanders doet aan sport. Na zwemmen en fietsen is fitness de meest populaire sport geworden. Daarnaast zetten anderhalf miljoen Nederlanders zich als vrijwilliger

  12. The neuropathology of sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKee, Ann C; Daneshvar, Daniel H; Alvarez, Victor E; Stein, Thor D

    2014-01-01

    The benefits of regular exercise, physical fitness and sports participation on cardiovascular and brain health are undeniable. Physical activity reduces the risk for cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and stroke, and produces beneficial effects on cholesterol levels, antioxidant systems, inflammation, and vascular function. Exercise also enhances psychological health, reduces age-related loss of brain volume, improves cognition, reduces the risk of developing dementia, and impedes neurodegeneration. Nonetheless, the play of sports is associated with risks, including a risk for mild TBI (mTBI) and, rarely, catastrophic traumatic injury and death. There is also growing awareness that repetitive mTBIs, such as concussion and subconcussion, can occasionally produce persistent cognitive, behavioral, and psychiatric problems as well as lead to the development of a neurodegeneration, chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). In this review, we summarize the beneficial aspects of sports participation on psychological, emotional, physical and cognitive health, and specifically analyze some of the less common adverse neuropathological outcomes, including concussion, second-impact syndrome, juvenile head trauma syndrome, catastrophic sudden death, and CTE. CTE is a latent neurodegeneration clinically associated with behavioral changes, executive dysfunction and cognitive impairments, and pathologically characterized by frontal and temporal lobe atrophy, neuronal and axonal loss, and abnormal deposits of paired helical filament (PHF)-tau and 43 kDa TAR deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-binding protein (TDP-43). CTE often occurs as a sole diagnosis, but may be associated with other neurodegenerative disorders, including motor neuron disease (CTE-MND). Although the incidence and prevalence of CTE are not known, CTE has been reported most frequently in American football players and boxers. Other sports associated with CTE include ice hockey, professional

  13. History of sports medicine in East European countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazovč, Biljana; Mazič, Sanja; Delič, Marina; Suzič Lazič, Jelena; Sparič, Radmila; Stajič, Zoran

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide a historical background of medicine, science and sports with the focus on the development of modern sports medicine in European countries, with an accent on Eastern European countries that have a long sports medicine tradition. The development of modern sports medicine began at the end of 19th and the beginning of 20th century, and it has been associated with social and cultural changes in the world of medicine, science and sports. Advanced medical knowledge, skills and practices, and the progress of scientific achievements enabled sports people to improve their performance level. Increased popularisation and commercialisation of sports have resulted from urbanization and city lifestyle, leading to the lack of physical activity and increased psychological pressure. In addition, the growing need and interest in sports and successes in professional sports have become a symbol of international recognition and

  14. Toward a Sociology of Oceans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannigan, John

    2017-02-01

    Despite covering around 70 percent of the earth's surface, the ocean has long been ignored by sociology or treated as merely an extension of land-based systems. Increasingly, however, oceans are assuming a higher profile, emerging both as a new resource frontier, a medium for geopolitical rivalry and conflict, and a unique and threatened ecological hot spot. In this article, I propose a new sociological specialty area, the "sociology of oceans" to be situated at the interface between environmental sociology and traditional maritime studies. After reviewing existing sociological research on maritime topics and the consideration of (or lack of consideration) the sea by classic sociological theorists, I briefly discuss several contemporary sociological approaches to the ocean that have attracted some notice. In the final section of the paper, I make the case for a distinct sociology of oceans and briefly sketch what this might look like. One possible trajectory for creating a shared vision or common paradigm, I argue, is to draw on Deleuze and Guattari's dialectical theory of the smooth and the striated. Même s'il couvre 70% de la surface de la Terre, l'océan a été longtemps ignoré en sociologie ou traité comme une extension des systèmes terrestres. De plus en plus, toutefois, l'océan retient l'attention, en étant vu comme une nouvelle frontière en termes de ressources, un médium pour les rivalités et les conflits géopolitiques, et un lieu écologique névralgique et unique. Dans cet article, je propose une nouvelle spécialisation sociologique, la 'sociologie des océans', se situant dans l'interface entre la sociologie environnementale et les études maritimes traditionnelles. Après une recension de la recherche sociologique existante sur les sujets maritimes et la prise en compte (ou l'absence de prise en compte) de l'océan par les théoriciens de la sociologie classique, je discute brièvement quelques approches sociologiques contemporaines de l

  15. Sociology, medicine and the construction of health-related sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros, Nelson Filice de; Nunes, Everardo Duarte

    2009-02-01

    Starting from a paper about closing the gap between sociology and medicine in Brazil and the United Kingdom that was published in 1971, a historical update was made with the aim of reflecting on the new shapes of health-related teaching and research within the social and human sciences, in these two countries. The methodology was qualitative and the study was developed using secondary data. The reflections were developed through the authors' immersion in Brazilian and British realities. It was concluded that the interface between sociology and health has expanded, although persistent old difficulties exist in relation to the structure and focus of the healthcare system, medical school power and medical student culture.

  16. Can genotype determine the sports phenotype? A paradigm shift in sports medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Amit; Mahajan, Preetam B

    2016-06-01

    In last two decades, there has been an evolution in sports medicine. Several researchers have worked on different domains of sports medicine, like strength, endurance, sports injury, and psychology. Besides this, several groups have explored the changes at cellular and molecular levels during exercise, which has led to the development of the new domain in sports science known as genetic medicine. Genetic medicine deals with the genotypic basis of sports phenotype. In this article, we try to provide an up-to-date review on genetic determinants of sports performance, which will be like a journey from the nostalgic past towards the traditional present and the romantic future of sports medicine. Endurance and power performance are two important domains of athletes. They vary in individuals, even among trained athletes. Researches indicate that the genetic makeup of sportsmen play a vital role in their performance. Several genetic factors are reported to be responsible for endurance, power, susceptibility to injury, and even psychology of the individual. Besides this, proper training, nutrition, and environment are also important in shaping their potential. The aim of this discussion is to understand the influence of the environment and the genetic makeup on the performance of the athletes. There is sufficient evidence to suggest that genotype determines the sports phenotype in an athlete. Choosing the right sports activity based on genetic endowment is the key for achieving excellence in sports.

  17. Sports nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomanić Milena

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to higher energy consumption, physically active people have higher nutritional requirements. In addition to other important factors for sports, such as good health and physical predisposition, adequate nutrition is a fundamental component. Sports nutrition must be well planned and individually adapted based on physical characteristics, tendencies towards gaining or losing weight, frequency, duration and intensity of training sessions. Studies have shown that a well-balanced ratio of macro and micronutrients, with the support of supplements and adequate hydration, can significantly improve athletic performance and plays a key role in achieving better results. An optimally designed nutritional program, with realistic and achievable goals, which complements a well-planned training program, is the basis for success in sports. Only when nutritional requirements are met, deficits can be prevented and performance in sport pushed to the limit.

  18. Sports fractures.

    OpenAIRE

    DeCoster, T. A.; Stevens, M. A.; Albright, J. P.

    1994-01-01

    Fractures occur in athletes and dramatically influence performance during competitive and recreational activities. Fractures occur in athletes as the result of repetitive stress, acute sports-related trauma and trauma outside of athletics. The literature provides general guidelines for treatment as well as a variety of statistics on the epidemiology of fractures by sport and level of participation. Athletes are healthy and motivated patients, and have high expectations regarding their level o...

  19. Sports Accidents

    CERN Multimedia

    Kiebel

    1972-01-01

    Le Docteur Kiebel, chirurgien à Genève, est aussi un grand ami de sport et de temps en temps médecin des classes genevoises de ski et également médecin de l'équipe de hockey sur glace de Genève Servette. Il est bien qualifié pour nous parler d'accidents de sport et surtout d'accidents de ski.

  20. Sports Related Riots: Understanding Group Behavior To Improve Police Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    The Role of Alcohol and Gender in Choices and Judgments about Hypothetical Sexual Encounters.” Journal of Applied Social Psychology 26, no. 1...is both a physical and psychological process in which the crowd members meet in an area specifically to cheer for their team. Secondly, game...for decades, focusing mainly at its operational components, and academics have studied the sociology and psychology behind these incidents. These

  1. 体育博彩消费中问题博彩行为的心理机制研究%Psychological Study of the Problem Gambling Behavior in Sports Gambling Consumption

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王树明; 白彩梅; 季浏

    2012-01-01

    透过心理学的理论来解释彩民的问题博彩行为,对问题博彩行为的心理学成因进行分析探讨。研究认为,在体育博彩中外界相关刺激强化了彩民的博彩行为;个人因素和环境因素共同决定彩民的博彩行为;内隐学习是解释彩民对随机事件持有不合理想法的重要机制;彩民在博彩中的非理性思维是问题博彩行为形成的基础,它会削弱彩民的控制能力,将彩票消费推向问题博彩。%Adopting the theory of psychology,the paper tries to explain the problem gambling behavior of the punters and discusses the psychological cause for the problem gambling behavior.The result shows that in sports gambling,the correlative stimulation from the outside intensifies punters' gambling behavior.Both the personal factors and environment factors decide punters' gambling behavior.Implicit learning is an important mechanism for the reason why some punters have unreasonable ideas toward random events.Punters' irrational thinking is the cause for their problem gambling behavior.It decreases the control ability of the punters and causes problem gambling in lottery consumption.

  2. 竞技运动体育手段化的心理价值剖析%Analysis on Psychological Value in the Process of Sports as Means for Physical Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄嘉良; 孔庆波

    2014-01-01

    运用文献资料、教学实验和逻辑分析等研究方法对竞技运动体育手段化所产生的心理价值进行了研究。研究认为,竞技运动体育手段化在激发学生体育锻炼的兴趣、纠正学生竞争弱化的心态、培养学生公平竞争的意识、宣泄学生紧张情感的压抑、提高学生承受挫折的能力和开发学生应付万变的智力等方面具有其独特的心理价值,应在教学过程加以开发和利用,以促进高校体育教学的深入改革。%This paper, using the research methods of literature review , experiment and logical analysis , studies the psychological value in the process of sports as means for physical education .The result shows that the psycho-logical value includes stimulating students ’ interest in physical exercise , weakening correcting students ’ competi-tion mentality , cultivating students ’ sense of fair play , giving off students ’ nervous emotional repression , impro-ving students ’ capability of bearing frustrations and developing students ’ intelligence in various environments . Therefore, it should be developed and used in the teaching process .

  3. 体育专业大学生心理健康教育的运动处方干预%The Use of Sports Treatment in Promoting the Psychological Health of College Students Majoring in Physical Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英杰

    2009-01-01

    The pyschological effect should be considered when designing and using sports as a treatment. The meaning,psychological effects,the measurement and the selective items for the patients are elaborated in this papor,which further researches on the body-building classes from an an-gle of social development and quality education,and analyzes the effect on the psychological health of college students majoring in P. E. And finally proposes that the P. E colleges should center on the healthy development of college students and strengthen health education when enhancing students' performance.%在制定与实施运动处方时,应考虑运动处方产生的心理效应.文章阐述了运动处方的内涵、运动处方的锻炼心理效应、制定运动处方的心理测量工具及心理缺陷者运动处方的项目选择.从社会发展和素质教育的视角对健身运动处方体育课进行理论研究,并就其对体育专业大学生心理健康的影响进行理论分析.建议高等体育院校应以大学生健康发展为指导,在提高运动成绩的同时加强对大学生的心理健康教育.

  4. Dementia: sociological and philosophical constructions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Daniel H J

    2004-01-01

    This analysis presents a challenge to the biomedical view of dementia as a disease. This view is critiqued from two perspectives: those of sociology and philosophy. Because these domains inform the creation of the medical discourse, their analysis provides an important refinement to the apprehension of the phenomenon of dementia. From the work of Foucault, and in particular his analysis of the historical origins of modern medicine, the sociological construction of dementia is considered. Following this, the philosophical question of Being is discussed, considering particularly the positions of Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty. Lastly aspects of dementia nursing that are damaging to those relatives forced to take on the role of primary carer are isolated, in the context of Kitwood's view that it is possible to maintain personhood at the extremes of this condition. It is suggested that this critique of sociological and philosophical foundations of dementia might offer a way of approaching the dismantling of the self and revise current conceptions of dementia care for the better.

  5. Sport swimming characteristics in the light of ideas and principles of modern classifications of sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kachurovs'kyy D.O.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The known classifications of modern authors are considered. The criteria of grouping of types of sport are certain in classification. The place of the sporting swimming is indicated in different classifications. Psychological descriptions of sporting activity are presented: relationships of sportsman with a competitor, with comrades on a command, with the environment of sporting activity. Emphasized necessity of analysis of the basic experiencing of sportsman during a competition situation. On principle it is important to understand and examine these relations in full.

  6. 高中音体美特长生的心理特点、成因及对策%The Psychological Characteristics,Causes and Countermeasures of High School Students with Music,Sports and Art Speciality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹琪元; 齐殿贵; 蒲玉贞

    2014-01-01

    The high school students with music,sports and art speciality are a group that is a headache to their headteacher and course teachers. Their behaviors,habit and emotions reflect that their mental health seems to be worried is not optimistic. Therefore,it is quite necessary to study and analyse their psychological characteristics and find corresponding countermeasures to offer some help to the development of their personal future.Meanwhile,it can provide basis for school to study and analyse the students’various mental behaviors, and reality support for more excellent students with specialities.%高中音体美特长生是一个很让班主任、任课教师头疼的群体,他们表现出的一些行为、习惯和情绪特点反映出其心理健康水平不容乐观。所以很有必要对其心理特点进行研究分析,找到相应的对策,以期对他们个人今后的发展提供一些帮助,同时为学校研究分析学生各种心理提供依据,为培养更多更优秀的特长生提供现实支撑。

  7. Sports and Exercise Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Injuries Sports and Concussions Strains and Sprains Sports Physicals 5 Ways to Prepare for Your Sports Season Handling Sports Pressure and Competition Knee Injuries Runner's Knee Bike Safety Strength Training Dehydration Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries Medial Collateral ...

  8. Facial Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Find an ENT Doctor Near You Facial Sports Injuries Facial Sports Injuries Patient Health Information News media interested in ... should receive immediate medical attention. Prevention Of Facial Sports Injuries The best way to treat facial sports injuries ...

  9. Investigating sport celebrity endorsement and sport event ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    \\' attitudes and the effect of sport event sponsorship and sport ... Results indicate that sport event sponsorship was perceived by participants as a product ... affecting consumers\\' pre-purchase attitudes that may influence buyer behaviour.

  10. The sociologically acceptable definition of religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blagojević Mirko

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author has presented several important issues regarding the sociology of religion, but primarily the issue of the sociologically acceptable definition of religion both in theoretical and empirical research. Bearing in mind the sociology of religion in former Yugoslavia the author has first discussed the possibility of a general definition of the sociology of religion, but has stated the opposite view as well. Then he has dealt with the two basic approaches towards religion and two general definitions of sociology, namely substantial and functional ones. Finally the author has tried to define the religiousness in terms of sociological empirical research of human attachment to religion and church in post-socialism.

  11. Comparative education and the ?new? sociologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trusz, Andrew R.; Parks-Trusz, Sandra L.

    1981-12-01

    The authors examine the impact of the `new' sociologies on comparative education by reviewing five comparative readers published during the past twenty years. While the `new' sociologies have had considerable impact within sociology and the sociology of education, minimal impact is found within comparative education. The authors further show that while critical new sociologies such as Marxism, neo-Marxism, and Critical theory have had some penetration into comparative education, use of the interpretative sociologies such as symbolic interactionism, ethnomethodology, and semiotics has generally been absent. The authors conclude by suggesting that a synthesis of the critical and interpretative modes would prove fruitful for further work in comparative education. The five texts are: Halsey, Floud and Anderson (eds.), Education, Economy and Society (1961); Eckstein and Noah (eds.), Scientific Investigations in Comparative Education (1969); Beck, Perspectives on World Education (1970); Karabel and Halsey (eds.), Power and Ideology in Education (1977); and Altbach and Kelly (eds.), Education and Colonialism (1978).

  12. Is There a Canon in Economic Sociology?

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This paper is devoted to the findings of a bibliometric analysis of 52 syllabi on economic sociology provided by the members of the American Sociological Association section “Economic Sociology” and scholars from the UK, France, Germany, and Russia. In addition, the initial collection was expanded to course syllabi submitted from outside of sociology, including management departments, policy programs and anthropology. The analysis aims at measuring to what extent economic sociologists are con...

  13. Systems Fragility: The Sociology of Chaos

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    THE SOCIOLOGY OF CHAOS by Lori R. Hodges March 2015 Thesis Advisor: Robert Josefek Second Reader: Wayne Porter THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY...SUBTITLE 5. FUNDING NUMBER S SYSTEMS FRAGILITY: THE SOCIOLOGY OF CHAOS 6. AUTHOR(S) Lori R. Hodges 7. PERFORMING OR GANIZATION NA:iVIE(S) AND...INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK ii Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited SYSTEMS FRAGILITY: THE SOCIOLOGY OF CHAOS Lori R. Hodges

  14. Is there a European medical sociology?

    OpenAIRE

    Henckes, Nicolas; Baszanger, Isabelle

    2014-01-01

    International audience; Is there a European sociology of health, illness and medicine – or, in short, a European medical sociology? While the answer to this question would certainly have been negative just a few years ago, this chapter argues that over the last thirty years a series of new analyses have emerged in the field which have laid the groundwork for a medical sociology at the European level. These examine how health issues are increasingly framed as consumer goods, public issues and ...

  15. Medical sociology: a personal fifty year perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straus, R

    1999-06-01

    This paper reviews the author's experience in becoming a medical sociologist before the field had become formalized. The contributions to medical sociology of sociologist Selden D. Bacon and physician and medical educator William R. Willard are described. The relationship of medical sociology to medical behavioral science, as experienced at the University of Kentucky, is discussed. Finally, the thesis of the author's 1957 paper on the nature and status of medical sociology is re-examined.

  16. Who Wants to Play? Sport Motivation Trajectories, Sport Participation, and the Development of Depressive Symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ming-Te; Chow, Angela; Amemiya, Jamie

    2017-03-15

    Although sport involvement has the potential to enhance psychological wellbeing, studies have suggested that motivation to participate in sports activities declines across childhood and adolescence. This study incorporated expectancy-value theory to model children's sport ability self-concept and subjective task values trajectories from first to twelfth grade. Additionally, it examined if sport motivation trajectories predicted individual and team-based sport participation and whether sport participation in turn reduced the development of depressive symptoms. Data were drawn from the Childhood and Beyond Study, a cross-sequential longitudinal study comprised of three cohorts (N = 1065; 49% male; 92% European American; M ages for youngest, middle, and oldest cohorts at the first wave were 6.42, 7.39, and 9.36 years, respectively). Results revealed four trajectories of students' co-development of sport self-concept and task values: congruent stable high, incongruent stable high, middle school decreasing, and decreasing. Trajectory membership predicted individual and team-based sports participation, but only team-based sport participation predicted faster declines in depressive symptoms. The use of a person-centered approach enabled us to identify heterogeneity in trajectories of sport motivation that can aid in the development of nuanced strategies to increase students' motivation to participate in sports.

  17. Sociological functionalism, exchange theory and life-cycle analysis: a call for more explicit theoretical bridges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bengtson, V L; Dowd, J J

    There has been a notable lack of articulation between mainstream sociological theory and the work of social gerontologists. This paper suggests four reasons for this, and reviews the basic assumptions and applications to gerontology of two well-established frameworks in sociological theory: structural-functionalism and exchange. With more rigorous and systematic integration of gerontological data with social and social psychological theory, more comprehensive explanations of life course phenomena would result. Moreover, the age variable would be considerably by other sociologists as less of a control and more of a relevant variable in its own right.

  18. Managing Collegiate Sport Clubs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, David O., Ed.

    This book is written for the administrators of college sport clubs. It is comprised of a collection of articles on the topics of: (1) Sport Club Administration and Organization; (2) Student Development through Sport Clubs; (3) Sport Club Financing and Fund-Raising; (4) Liability Concerns of Sport Clubs; and (5) Sport Club Program Surveys.…

  19. Anticipation in sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loffing, Florian; Cañal-Bruland, Rouwen

    2017-08-01

    Anticipation has become an increasingly important research area within sport psychology since its infancy in the late 1970s. Early work has increased our fundamental understanding of skilled anticipation in sports and how this skill is developed. With increasing theoretical and practical insights and concurrent technological advancements, researchers are now able to tackle more detailed questions with sophisticated methods. Despite this welcomed progress, some fundamental questions and challenges remain to be addressed, including the (relative) contributions of visual and motor experience to anticipation, intraindividual and interindividual variation in gaze behaviour, and the impact of non-kinematic (contextual or situational) information on performance and its interaction with advanced kinematic cues during the planning and execution of (re)actions in sport. The aim of this opinion paper is to shortly sketch the state of the art, and then to discuss recent work that has started to systematically address open challenges thereby inspiring promising future routes for research on anticipation and its application in practice. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. A Sociology "of" or a Sociology "for" Education? The New Zealand Experience of the Dilemma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rata, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The sociology of education in New Zealand, as in other countries, is affected by the dilemma inherent to the discipline, namely: is it a sociology "of" education or a sociology "for" education? In this article I analyse three factors in which the dilemma is played out: "cultural oppositionism" in the indigenous…

  1. The Fourth Sociology and Music Education: Towards a Sociology of Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Ruth

    2014-01-01

    By identifying three main sociologies that characterise broad movements in the field since its inception, this paper provides a background to considerations of music education from the perspective of sociology. A fourth sociology is then proposed that may be useful to interrogate the complexities of the field of 21st century music education. This…

  2. Sociology by Any Other Name: Teaching the Sociological Perspective in Campus Diversity Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Meghan A.; Banks, Kira Hudson

    2012-01-01

    This article suggests that the way in to sociology may not always be through the front door. The authors demonstrate how students in a three-day campus diversity program develop a sociological imagination despite not having a formal affiliation with the sociology department. In particular, students demonstrate a move from color blindness into…

  3. Toward a Sociology of Environmental Flows: A New Agenda for Twenty-First-Century Environmental Sociology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mol, A.P.J.; Spaargaren, G.

    2006-01-01

    The emerging sociology of networks and flows, as it can be found in the works of Castells and Urry among others, offers promising perspectives for environmental sociology in rethinking its principle object of study: nature and environment. The sociology of flow perspective takes us beyond the nation

  4. Sociology by Any Other Name: Teaching the Sociological Perspective in Campus Diversity Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Meghan A.; Banks, Kira Hudson

    2012-01-01

    This article suggests that the way in to sociology may not always be through the front door. The authors demonstrate how students in a three-day campus diversity program develop a sociological imagination despite not having a formal affiliation with the sociology department. In particular, students demonstrate a move from color blindness into…

  5. The Fourth Sociology and Music Education: Towards a Sociology of Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Ruth

    2014-01-01

    By identifying three main sociologies that characterise broad movements in the field since its inception, this paper provides a background to considerations of music education from the perspective of sociology. A fourth sociology is then proposed that may be useful to interrogate the complexities of the field of 21st century music education. This…

  6. Secrets and the Sociological Imagination: Using PostSecret.com to Illustrate Sociological Concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noy, Shiri

    2014-01-01

    Introductory sociology classes afford instructors an opportunity to expose students, often from a variety of backgrounds and majors, to the sociological imagination. In this article, I describe how the use of secrets from a popular website, PostSecret.com, can help teach students about the sociological imagination and incorporate biographical…

  7. A Sociology "of" or a Sociology "for" Education? The New Zealand Experience of the Dilemma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rata, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The sociology of education in New Zealand, as in other countries, is affected by the dilemma inherent to the discipline, namely: is it a sociology "of" education or a sociology "for" education? In this article I analyse three factors in which the dilemma is played out: "cultural oppositionism" in the indigenous…

  8. A Sociology "of" or a Sociology "for" Education? The New Zealand Experience of the Dilemma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rata, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The sociology of education in New Zealand, as in other countries, is affected by the dilemma inherent to the discipline, namely: is it a sociology "of" education or a sociology "for" education? In this article I analyse three factors in which the dilemma is played out: "cultural oppositionism" in the indigenous (kaupapa Maori) approach, critical…

  9. Sociological profiles of the candidate Turkish primary school teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Ali Arslan

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Teachers define the tomorrow’s of the society. In order to know and predict about future of the society, It has to be known the sociological profiles of the educators. In other words, it should be helpful to plan the education and to define the socio-political decisions on issue, if the social and psychological characteristics of the todays’ teachers were known before. Therefore, It was aimed to examine and analyse the sociological and social-psychological backgrounds of the candidate teachers. What a kind of social profile do they have? What are their opinion on particular actual social and political issues of the society. Do they present a homogeneus group character? Do they have enough skill and knowledge to educate tomorrow’s Turkish individuals? What are their major problems as the primary school teachers and teacher candidates? The answers of the theese kind of questions were examined within the research.A compherensive field reserarch realised to achieve the aim. A questionnaire form was developed and used for the interviews. There were structured, semi structured and open-ended questions in the questionnaire. A data sets was created from the data that were gathered from the field. The computer program of the SPSS (Statistical Packages for Social Sciences was used for analysing the data sets.

  10. Sociología ambiental

    OpenAIRE

    Domínguez Gómez, José Andrés; Aledo Tur, Antonio

    2001-01-01

    Este libro pretende ser un manual para los alumnos de las licenciaturas de sociología, ecología, ciencias ambientales o economía y profesionales de esas ramas que estén interesados en el estudio de las relaciones entre medio ambiente y sociedad desde una aproximación sociológica. El manual está divido en dos partes. La primera desarrolla las principales teorías sociológicas sobre el medio ambiente, así como el heterogéneo pensamiento ambiental. La segunda parte, ofrece capítulos diversos en l...

  11. Audiological rehabilitation in sociological perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hindhede, Anette Lykke

    as the 'truth'. By building on a sociological approach to hearing impairment that reaches beyond the medical definition, we see another picture emerging. Some patients embark on the process of getting a hearing aid and come to the hearing aid fitting as a response to social pressure from relatives or colleagues...... discourse, manifesting itself in the audiologist's spoken language, body language, and technologies in the room. Interaction rituals help explain why and how the patient complies with the way he or she is positioned by this discourse during that encounter....

  12. Empirical Study on the Influence of Psychological Factors on the Teaching Quality of Sport Dance of College Students%心理因素对大学生体育舞蹈教学质量影响的实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇

    2011-01-01

    通过将教育心理学、体育心理学基础理论与笔者多年的体育舞蹈教学实践相结合,总结出几种对学生心理因素产生积极影响的教学方法,并进一步提出关于提高体育舞蹈教学质量的建议。%Based on the fundamental theories such as education psychology,physical psychology and so on as well as the practical experience of teaching,the author,in this article,tried to explore an efficient way of dealing with psychological factors in education.Furthermore,the author also came up with several feasible advices on how to improve the quality of sport dance education.

  13. Superstitious behavior in sport: A literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dömötör, Zsuzsanna; Ruíz-Barquín, Roberto; Szabo, Attila

    2016-08-01

    The objective of this first literature review, in this area, is to unveil the current status of knowledge on superstition in sport. Its outcome reveals that superstitious behaviors vary with the type of sport, athletic level, as well as athletic role. In agreement with past theories, they increase with the level of challenge, as reflected by the importance of the competition, as well as with the level of uncertainty. Cultural factors, in conjunction with the education level, as well as gender, have a strong influence on superstitious behaviors in sports. Based on current thoughts, religiosity and superstition are different psychological constructs used as psychological aids by several athletes. Personality factors appear to mediate the manifestation of the behavior. Elite athletes are clearly more superstitious than non-elite athletes, An interaction between athletic skill and task-difficulty emerges to be another strong predictor of superstition in sport. It is evident that a set of complex personal and situational factors interact in the manifestation of superstitious behavior in sport that is used for the regulation of emotions in a quest for optimal performance. It is concluded that the objective benefits (i.e., success) of superstition in sport may be ascribed to the placebo effect that yields an increased sense of control and mental reassurance in unpredictable contest situations. © 2016 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. PROMOTION OF MONTENEGRO THROUGH SPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dervis Selhanovic

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Modern social structures of Montenegro exist in a hypercomplex and very dynamic environment. The complexity and dynamism are, in part, a consequence of the general characteristics of the modern age, and in part, of the transition processes which have affected the Montenegrin society. The transition processes are taking place at all levels and subsystems of the community, and its sociological milieu is facing inevitability of adaptation and immersion in such processes and trends. There is no more positive promotion for a country than a sports promotion. There is no expert team, public relations agency or a lawyer than can win Montenegro a front page. We can talk about the importance of sports for the promotion of Montenegro from another point of view. If we compare the number of occurrences of names of the selected Montenegrin athletes with that of politicians, scientists or artists in different internet search engines, we will realize how great is the capacity of marketing potential that lies in Montenegrin sports and top athletes as representatives of the products and services with the label - Made in Montenegro. In addition to the success of the Montenegrin athletes globally, the promotion of Montenegro through sports is directly contributed by the major sporting events and contests, on account of which Montenegro presented itself not only as an excellent host and organizer, but also demonstrated the remarkable state and marketing capabilities and competencies. Reputation (image is not achieved overnight. Its semiological and symbolic charge includes all (visual, vocal, environmental, personal, active inputs, which need to be channelled and created. Indeed, continual work in creating and maintaining the image of Montenegro is a public relations function. With efficiently and professionally developed media and PR strategy, the modern state of Montenegro may expect to favourably position its image at the international scene, and to present its

  15. The Sociology and Entrenchment. A Cystic Fibrosis Test for Everyone?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Lene; Stemerding, Dirk

    1994-01-01

    Socialmedicine, genetic screening, cystic fibrosis, ethics, political regulation, sociology of technology......Socialmedicine, genetic screening, cystic fibrosis, ethics, political regulation, sociology of technology...

  16. Unification and mechanistic detail as drivers of model construction: models of networks in economics and sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuorikoski, Jaakko; Marchionni, Caterina

    2014-12-01

    We examine the diversity of strategies of modelling networks in (micro) economics and (analytical) sociology. Field-specific conceptions of what explaining (with) networks amounts to or systematic preference for certain kinds of explanatory factors are not sufficient to account for differences in modelling methodologies. We argue that network models in both sociology and economics are abstract models of network mechanisms and that differences in their modelling strategies derive to a large extent from field-specific conceptions of the way in which a good model should be a general one. Whereas the economics models aim at unification, the sociological models aim at a set of mechanism schemas that are extrapolatable to the extent that the underlying psychological mechanisms are general. These conceptions of generality induce specific biases in mechanistic explanation and are related to different views of when knowledge from different fields should be seen as relevant.

  17. Sports Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Career-Technical and Adult Education.

    This document presents the Ohio Integrated Technical and Academic Competency profile for sports marketing. The profile is to serve as the basis for curriculum development in Ohio's secondary, adult, and postsecondary programs. The profile includes a comprehensive listing of 999 specialty key indicators for evaluating mastery of 113 competencies in…

  18. Sports Gala

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    This year’s 11th National Games saw 21 new world and Asian records set Fans were treated to all the highs and lows of sport during China’s 11th National Games, billed as the country’s mini-Olympics, which witnessed both record-breaking feats and doping

  19. Sports Ballistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clanet, Christophe

    2015-01-01

    This review describes and classifies the trajectories of sports projectiles that have spherical symmetry, cylindrical symmetry, or (almost) no symmetry. This classification allows us to discuss the large diversity observed in the paths of spherical balls, the flip properties of shuttlecocks, and the optimal position and stability of ski jumpers.

  20. Sports Nation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China is working to become a global sports power International Olympic Committee President Jacques Rogge watched China’s 11th National Games at Jinan’s stadium in Shandong Province on October 16, 2009. His high-profile attendance has set the