WorldWideScience

Sample records for psychology harvard university

  1. Harvard University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2007-01-01

    Harvard University, which celebrated its 370th anniversary in 2006, is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. Founded 16 years after the arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, the University has grown from nine students with a

  2. 哈佛大学%Harvard University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张涛

    2003-01-01

    @@ The campus of Harvard University is located on both sides of the Charlies River1. The oldest institution of higher learning in the United States was founded in 1636. In 1638 it was named for John Harvard, its first benefactor.

  3. The Hidden Rule: A Critical Discussion of Harvard University's Governing Structure. [A Harvard Watch Report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weissman, Robert

    The governing structure of Harvard University is reviewed, and the findings include the following: (1) Harvard's present administrative and governance structure utilize corporate techniques of management that allow the president to diffuse administrative tasks without diffusing power--the difficulty of locating responsibility in the decentralized…

  4. 77 FR 46120 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-02

    ...-1100-665] Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard... objects in the possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University... Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA...

  5. 75 FR 28648 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard... Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. The human remains were removed from Iosco County, MI. This... Coordinator, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Ave., Cambridge,...

  6. 75 FR 33328 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-11

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard... objects in the possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University... Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard ] University, 11 Divinity Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone (617)...

  7. 76 FR 62842 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard... Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University has completed an inventory of human remains, in... and Ethnology, Harvard University. Repatriation of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated...

  8. The Lowells of Boston and the Founding of University Extension at Harvard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinagel, Michael

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author uses the occasion of the centennial of University Extension at Harvard to document how this unique educational institution came into being and why it became associated with Harvard University. He traces the prominent role played by the Lowell family in establishing the Lowell Institute of Boston in the late 1830s and…

  9. Much Ado about Something? James Bryant Conant, Harvard University, and Nazi Germany in the 1930s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban, Wayne J.; Smith, Marybeth

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the actions of noted Harvard University president James Bryant Conant, taken in regard to the Nazi government in Germany, from the time of Conant's becoming president of Harvard University in 1933 to the time of the widespread pogrom in Germany of 9-10 November 1938, known as Kristallnacht. Conant's attitudes and actions…

  10. 75 FR 58431 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard... Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. The human remains were... the Lower Mississippi Survey expedition. The Lower Mississippi Survey was a project of...

  11. Tropical veterinary parasites at Harvard University's Museum of Comparative Zoology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conn, David Bruce

    2008-12-01

    Tropical veterinary parasites have been maintained by the Museum of Comparative Zoology (MCZ) at Harvard University since the mid 1800s. Most of these are maintained by the Department of Invertebrate Zoology, but many vectors and intermediate hosts are maintained by the Departments of Entomology and Malacology. The largest collections are of avian and mammalian ticks (Acarina) that are important as both parasites and vectors. Nematodes are second in numbers, followed by cestodes, trematodes, and several minor helminth groups, crustacean parasites of fish, and protozoan parasites of various hosts. The MCZ directed or participated in several major expeditions to tropical areas around the globe in the early 1900s. Many of these expeditions focused on human parasites, but hundreds of veterinary and zoonotic parasites were also collected from these and numerous, smaller, tropical expeditions. Host sources include companion animals, livestock, laboratory species, domestic fowl, reptiles, amphibians, exotics/zoo animals, commercially important fishes, and other wildlife. Specimens are curated, either fixed whole in vials or mounted on slides as whole mounts or histopathological sections. The primary emphasis of MCZ's current work with tropical veterinary parasites is on voucher specimens from epidemiological, experimental, and clinical research.

  12. Maze Busters: Carrie Miyoshi Macfarlane & Kathleen Sheehan--Harvard University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library Journal, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Even if one is equipped with an MLS, the 11 libraries that comprise the Harvard College Library can be pretty daunting. That is why Carrie Miyoshi Macfarlane and Kathleen Sheehan created Threading the Maze. The online publication is presented to students in expository writing, the one course all undergraduates must take. "This highly effective…

  13. Harvard University: Green Loan Fund. Green Revolving Funds in Action: Case Study Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, Robert

    2011-01-01

    The Green Loan Fund at Harvard University has been an active source of capital for energy efficiency and waste reduction projects for almost a decade. This case study examines the revolving fund's history from its inception as a pilot project in the 1990s to its regeneration in the early 2000s to its current operations today. The green revolving…

  14. Harvard University Program on Technology and Society 1964-1972. A Final Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Program on Technology and Society.

    Eight years of research by the Harvard University's Program on Technology and Society are summarized. Lengthy abstracts of the 29 books and 164 articles that resulted from the Program, as well as interim accounts of projects not yet completed are presented. The report is divided into four parts; institutions (including business, education, and…

  15. Harvard University Program on Technology and Society 1964-1972. A Final Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Program on Technology and Society.

    Eight years of research by the Harvard University's Program on Technology and Society are summarized. Lengthy abstracts of the 29 books and 164 articles that resulted from the Program, as well as interim accounts of projects not yet completed are presented. The report is divided into four parts; institutions (including business, education, and…

  16. Harvard, Harvard: He's Perfect and He's Black.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Paul M.

    1999-01-01

    Describes the higher educational experiences of Lawrence Mungin, an African American who attended Harvard University and Harvard Law School. Mungin believed that working hard and being the good Black would lead to success in the White world. Despite his credentials, he was given trivial work at the law firm that hired him and that he later sued.…

  17. The Beginning of "Free Money" Ideology in American Universities: Charles W. Eliot at Harvard, 1869-1909

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Bruce A.; Johnson, Benjamin Ashby

    2012-01-01

    Rather than banking enormous gifts, Harvard University built its wealth by adhering to a coherent strategy that gradually became the common sense--the prevailing ideology--of how to build and maintain the wealth of private universities. President Charles W. Eliot formulated this "free money" strategy over the course of his administration from 1869…

  18. The Beginning of "Free Money" Ideology in American Universities: Charles W. Eliot at Harvard, 1869-1909

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Bruce A.; Johnson, Benjamin Ashby

    2012-01-01

    Rather than banking enormous gifts, Harvard University built its wealth by adhering to a coherent strategy that gradually became the common sense--the prevailing ideology--of how to build and maintain the wealth of private universities. President Charles W. Eliot formulated this "free money" strategy over the course of his administration from 1869…

  19. Incorporating Language Leaming Into the Academic Setting: A Practical Example at Harvard University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Owu-Ewie

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available There has been a growing interest in the learning of African languages in US institutions in recent years. Students learn these languages for various reasons: to fulfill academic requirements, to connect with their heritage, to undertake academic research and learn to help them understand materials in an academic course they are taking. To make this process meaningful to learners, there is a need to integrate language learning into academic disciplines. However, this is one area which has received little attention in an African language syllabus at the university level. There abound areas in African language learning which can be made meaningful to its students within the university academic arena. This paper describes how the African Languages Program at Harvard University collaborated with a professor of Anthropology to teach the course Delimiting health disparities in the African Diaspora: A Laboratory for social Engagement. This involved twenty-two students in three African languages (Akan -Twi, Dinka, and W olof as well as Haitian Creole.

  20. Science at Harvard University: Historical Perspectives, edited by Clark A. Elliott and Margaret W. Rossiter. Lehigh University Press, Bethlehem, 1992

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew L. Christenson

    1992-05-01

    Full Text Available This volume contains historical studies of several sciences as practiced at Harvard University. Two of these studies have relevance to the history of archaeology. A chapter by Toby Appel focuses upon the scientific career of Jeffries Wyman, first curator of Harvard's Peabody Museum. She contrasts Wyman's unassuming character with the dominating personality of his mentor and contemporary Louis Agassiz. Trained as a medical doctor, Wyman's main love was zoology, particularly comparative anatomy. In his mid-40s, he encountered his first shell midden and was bitten by the archaeology bug. Soon he was doing pioneering excavation in both New England and Florida. In 1866, he was selected to be the curator of the Peabody Museum, primarily upon his strong museum background but also because of the high regard with which he was held by certain influential people. His selection to this position may have made him America's first professional archaeologist. His principal responsibilities were to collect and display archaeological and ethnological specimens and he made great steps in this direction prior to his death in 1874. Wyman's scientific work was poorly known or studied (he is best noted for having made the first scientific description of the gorilla, in part, Appel argues, because he did not seek acclaim or controversy. His greatest influence was locally through personal interactions with students and colleagues. His archaeological work is only briefly discussed in this and the following article, and there is still much to be written about this man of high character.

  1. Harvard's Historic Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Robin

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author profiles Drew Gilpin Faust, a career academic who has risen to the top job at Harvard University and has been named president of Harvard after six years as leader of its small Radcliffe Institute. Ms. Faust, who is 59, grew up in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, raised by a father who bred Thoroughbred horses and a…

  2. "He sees the development of children's concepts upon a background of sociology": Jean Piaget's honorary degree at Harvard University in 1936.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsueh, Yeh

    2004-02-01

    In the recent memory, Jean Piaget has been known as a cognitive developmental psychologist. But in 1936 when Harvard gave him his first honorary degree, he was recognized mainly as a sociologist. Why did Harvard honor him in 1936? Who knew his work well enough to nominate him? This article will address these questions by exploring archival documents from different sources. Evidence draws our attention to a broad social and intellectual endeavor in philanthropy, other social sciences, and especially industrial research that brought Piaget across the water. This article also attempts to interpret the circumstances of the nomination process inside and outside of Harvard University by using a theory of institutional design. It suggests that embodied in Harvard's honor of Piaget in 1936 was an idealistic act in social designing for a future society.

  3. Referencing handbook: Harvard

    OpenAIRE

    Elkin, Judith; Ortega, Marishona; Williams, Helen

    2016-01-01

    University of Lincoln approved guide to Harvard referencing. Providing guidelines on how to reference 75 sources of information. The second edition includes extended guidance on how to reference, all new examples, additional annotated diagrams and an index to help you locate sources.

  4. A world from brave to new: Talcott Parsons and the war effort at Harvard University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerhardt, U

    1999-01-01

    This article argues that for Parsons and some of his colleagues at Harvard, the Second World War and the post-war period provided a context in which their work contributed to the transformation from totalitarianism to democracy in Central Europe (especially Germany) and Japan. The various agendas of Parsons' work are shown, supplemented by that of three of his colleagues with whom he collaborated (Gordon W. Allport, Carl J. Friedrich, Clyde Kluckhohn). The immediate effect of this work, for Parsons, however, meant frustration rather than fame, and his eventual reputation, I maintain, came unexpectedly with the third of his three attempts in the immediate post-war period to sum up what he believed were crucial insights that the Second World War had yielded concerning the ways in which sociology could contribute to the analytical understanding of democracy. The significance of this work is that it was both political and scientific. Because of the world situation of the 1940s, when the Holocaust in Germany was the nadir of civilization, Parsons believed that social science could contribute to the cause of making the world safe for future democracy. In the 1940s, this future depended on brave citizens, or such might have been Parsons' worldview. Targets envisaged for the 1950s, then, were community and citizenship in the newly democratic societies such as (West) Germany, the land that defeated Nazism. Copyright 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  5. Implementation of the Harvard Case Method through a Plan-Do-Check-Act Framework in a University Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shieh, Ruey S.; Lyu, Jr Jung; Cheng, Yun-Yao

    2012-01-01

    In 2005, the Harvard Business School began to promote the Harvard case method (HCM) within the Asian region. Because of differences in classroom culture between Asian and Western countries, Asian participants' reaction to the HCM implementation is of interest. This study explores how the western initiated method was implemented in one of the Asian…

  6. Consistent CMT solutions from Harvard University before great earthquakes in Kurile Islands and its significance for earthquake prediction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jun-guo; DIAO Gui-ling

    2005-01-01

    In the paper, we use the Central Moment Tensor (CMT) solution acquired by Harvard University for the earthquakes occurred in Kurile Islands to analyze the consistent focal mechanism in the area and propose the idea of making earthquake prediction based on the consistent parameter a of focal mechanism and stress field. The results from the study indicate that before MW≥7.5 earthquakes, the consistent parameter a decreases, which starts about 10~110 days and ends about 30~2 days before the great earthquakes. Although the phenomenon is not totally the same for individual earthquake, the difference is not large. Certainly, the phenomenon should be tested by time for its reliability. However, it should not be random that the focal mechanism of MW≥5.3 earthquakes are consistent successively with the stress field in an area of several hundreds kilometers in length. It should be a phenomenon of predictive significance. When the accumulated earthquake examples are sufficient, uniform judgment criteria and prediction principles can be stipulated then.

  7. Psychological characteristics of male university athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAJKUMAR SHARMA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to investigate and compare the psychological characteristics of University maleathletes. A sample of 80 male athletes of Volleyball (n=15, Basketball (n=15, Football (n=25 and Cricket(n=25 filled out questionnaire measures assessing their psychological competencies at their different level ofparticipation.. The Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28 prepared and developed by Smith et al. 1995 was used tomeasure the psychological characteristics in the form of personal coping resources of university athletes.. Toassess the psychological characteristics of University male athletes of different games, the means, standarddeviations, t-ratios and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA were computed. The level of significant was set at .05levels. The results of research study showed that University male athletes of different team games and levels aswhole had similarity on seven dimensions of psychological characteristics i.e. Coping with adversity, Peakingunder pressure, Goal setting and mental Preparation, Concentration, Freedom from worry, Confidence andachievement motivation, and Coach-ability. Inter-university and All India level male athletes expressedsignificance difference on Goal setting and mental Preparation only The results also showed that Basketballplayers apparently are not free from worry about disappointing a coach or parent and teammates in next time.Finally, the results highlight the importance of psychological competencies for the team games players at theirdifferent level of participation.

  8. Scholars, Inc.: Harvard Academics in Service of Industry and Government. [A Harvard Watch Report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weissman, Robert

    The interaction of Harvard University scholars with outside institutions is examined, as is the need for the university to monitor and regulate these outside activities. Harvard scholars were found to maintain 38 directorships with Fortune 500 companies, 60 ties to the biotechnology industry, over 500 contacts between faculty at the Business…

  9. On Pragmatic Functions of Discourse Marker“I mean”in Harvard Positive Psychology Course%话语标记语 I mean 的语用功能分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段培培

    2015-01-01

    话语标记语作为一种语言手段,有效地体现了说话人的意图,在不同语境中具有不同的语用功能。以哈佛大学幸福课为例,探索话语标记语I mean在大学公开课语境下不同的语用功能,包括信息修正功能、提醒强调功能、解释补充功能、转换表达功能和人际功能。话语标记语在大学公开课中的应用,可以提高教学言语的条理性、逻辑性,推动教师与学生之间的交流,增加学生的接受度,有利于培养和谐的课堂氛围。%As linguistic means , discourse makers represent speakers ’ intention effectively , performing differ-ent pragmatic functions in different contexts .This paper takes the Harvard Positive Psychology course as an example and tries to explore the pragmatic functions of discourse maker “I mean” in the context of university open class . The pragmatic functions included are repairing , reminding & emphasizing , supplementing & explaining , transfor-ming and interpersonal function .The use of discourse markers in university open classes can enhance the organiza-tion and logic of the teaching language , promote the interaction between teachers and students and improve students ’ acceptability , which contributes to cultivating the harmonious classroom atmosphere .

  10. Psychology at Chinese universities and in Chinese society: with special reference to clinical psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Yue, Guoan; Perrez, Meinrad; Han, Xiulan

    2011-01-01

    The following contribution gives a short introduction to Chinese psychology, history, psychological research and teaching institutions and student selection for universities. After a brief overview of the theoretical traditions and contemporary trends in general and experimental psychology it focuses in more detail on the recent developments in clinical and medical psychology. Research domains, academic training in clinical psychology and its applications in modern China are discussed with sp...

  11. The Harvard angiogenesis story.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Joan W

    2014-01-01

    I shall discuss the work of researchers at Harvard Medical School who came together in the early 1990s. Scattered across various Harvard-affiliated hospitals and research centers, these individuals were unified by their interest in ocular neovascularization. Together and separately, they investigated models of ocular neovascularization, exploring tumor angiogenesis in eye development and disease.

  12. Psychological Well being In Predicting Loneliness Among University Students

    OpenAIRE

    ÇEÇEN, Yrd. Doç. Dr. A. Rezan; CENKSEVEN, Yrd. Doç. Dr. Fulya

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine how university students’ loneliness are predicted by their level of psychological well being self acceptance personal growth purpose in life positive relations with others environmental mastery and autonomy To collect data UCLA R Loneliness Russell Peplau Cutrona 1980 and Psychological Well Being Scales Ryff 1989a were used The sample was consisted of 268 university students from Cukurova University Adana Turkey For the analysis of...

  13. Celebrations and Tough Questions Follow Harvard's Move to Open Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guterman, Lila

    2008-01-01

    In light of a decision by members of Harvard University's Faculty of Arts and Sciences to make access to their scholarly papers free, advocates of open access celebrated, but some publishers expressed concern. Members of Harvard's Faculty of Arts and Sciences voted unanimously to provide the university with copies of their published articles and…

  14. Buying Access to Ivy--A Way to Revive Harvard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halfond, Jay A.

    2010-01-01

    Of the many, many articles written on Harvard University's endowment woes, the author has yet to read one actually sympathetic with Harvard. Perhaps this reflects one's gleeful voyeurism when the high-and-mighty fall, or sense of justice that the reckless should pay for their recklessness, or belief that no university truly needs or deserves such…

  15. Predicting Intentions to Seek Psychological Help Among Botswana University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mpho M. Pheko

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The current study had two main objectives. The first was to investigate Botswana’s university students’ intentions to seek psychological help. The second was to investigate whether (a Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help (ATSPPH, (b Self-Stigma of Seeking Help (SSOSH, and (c Social Stigma of Receiving Psychological Help (SSRPH predicted the students’ intentions to seek psychological help. A total of N = 519 (283 females and 236 males students from the University of Botswana completed the survey. Results indicated that generally, the students had moderate intentions of seeking psychological help. Multiple regression analysis revealed that of the three predictors, only ATSPPH and SSRPH significantly predicted intentions to seek psychological help. The current study is important because while it has been established that university students are a high-risk population for mental health problems, there is close to nothing documented on university students in Botswana. Findings of the current study will undoubtedly increase knowledge relating to psychological help-seeking and its predictors in Botswana and may inform interventions that aim to encourage young people to seek psychological or counseling help.

  16. Psychological Well-Being and Internet Addiction among University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardak, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship between Internet addiction and psychological well-being. Participants were 479 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Online Cognition Scale and the Scales of Psychological Well-Being. The relationships between Internet addiction and psychological…

  17. Psychological and Educational Variables in University Dropout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bethencourt, Jose Tomas; Cabrera, Lidia; Hernandez, Juan Andres; Alvarez-Perez, Pedro; Gonzalez-Afonso, Miriam

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: The purpose of this research is to demonstrate that on the perceptions of university students, the student variables are seen as most important than the context variables to dropout their university studies. Method: The used methodology was cross-sectional or of cut, of retrospective type. 558 undergraduates were interviewed by…

  18. Psychological Distress in Iranian International Students at an Australian University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahidi, Shizar; Blignault, Ilse; Hayen, Andrew; Razee, Husna

    2017-05-03

    This study investigated psychological distress in Iranian international students at UNSW Australia, and explored the psychosocial factors associated with high levels of distress. A total of 180 Iranian international students pursuing undergraduate and postgraduate degrees during 2012/2013 completed an email questionnaire containing socio-demographic items and five standardized and validated scales. Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyse the predictors of psychological distress. Compared to domestic and international students at two other Australian universities, a significantly smaller proportion of Iranian international students scored as distressed on the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). Greater levels of psychological distress were associated with being female, poorer physical health, less social support, less religious involvement and spirituality, and negative attitudes towards seeking professional psychological help. Findings from this growing group of international students can help inform culturally competent mental health promotion and service provision in their host countries.

  19. Harvard and the Academic Glass Ceiling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drago, Robert

    2007-01-01

    Drew Gilpin Faust was recently appointed president of Harvard University, and is the first female to hold the position. Women now lead half of the eight institutions that make up the Ivy League. But focusing on highly accomplished women such as Faust misses a larger point. Women may be taking faculty positions in record numbers, but most of those…

  20. Harvard and the Academic Glass Ceiling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drago, Robert

    2007-01-01

    Drew Gilpin Faust was recently appointed president of Harvard University, and is the first female to hold the position. Women now lead half of the eight institutions that make up the Ivy League. But focusing on highly accomplished women such as Faust misses a larger point. Women may be taking faculty positions in record numbers, but most of those…

  1. Developing a qualitative research culture in university psychology departments

    OpenAIRE

    Frost, Nollaig; Barry, Richard

    2010-01-01

    We are academics in the Department of Psychology, Middlesex University. Nollaig’s research is primarily qualitative and Richard’s primarily quantitative. We form part of a team responsible for developing and delivering Research Methods modules to students at undergraduate and postgraduate level. In this paper, we draw on our experiences and those of colleagues to discuss some challenges (and possible solutions) to changing the research culture in a psychology department.

  2. Social Psychology Attribution of "EGao" in University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Xue-yun

    2007-01-01

    "EGao" is a network producing form and is popular in campus. In order to amuse the masses, it changed and reformed films, TV, picture menus and songs by imitating, overdrawing and self-betrayal means. The impact of "EGao" is greater and greater in the young, especially in the university, it has become a fashion. The paper analyzed its concepts,…

  3. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 6, November-December 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) When Worlds Collide: Universal PreK Brings New Challenges for Public Elementary Schools (David McKay Wilson); (2) Answers and Questions: Schools Survey Their Students--and…

  4. Predictors of Student Satisfaction with University Psychology Courses: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Heather J.; Hood, Michelle; Neumann, David L.

    2015-01-01

    Student satisfaction at university is receiving increasing attention. While academic discipline has been associated with student satisfaction in many studies, we found no previous reviews of student satisfaction within psychology, a discipline with among the largest undergraduate enrolments. In this paper, we review the student satisfaction…

  5. Predictors of Student Satisfaction with University Psychology Courses: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Heather J.; Hood, Michelle; Neumann, David L.

    2015-01-01

    Student satisfaction at university is receiving increasing attention. While academic discipline has been associated with student satisfaction in many studies, we found no previous reviews of student satisfaction within psychology, a discipline with among the largest undergraduate enrolments. In this paper, we review the student satisfaction…

  6. Cummings/Ju - Harvard; Emory | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Principal Investigator: Richard D Cummings, PhDInstitution: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA Principal Investigator: Tongzhong Ju, MD, PhDInstitution: Emory University, Atlanta, GA |

  7. Examination of Psychological Counselor Candidates' University Satisfaction: The Case of Uludag University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duran, Nagihan Oguz; Gökçe, Feyyat

    2017-01-01

    In the present study, Uludag University, Faculty of Education, Guidance and Psychological Counseling (GPC) undergraduate program students' expectations and satisfaction levels regarding the services and facilities provided by the university were investigated in a sample of 354 students (227 females and 127 males). The data collected by the…

  8. Social Network Dynamics and Psychological Adjustment among University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasuyuki Fukukawa

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The present study investigated the social network structure in a university class and how it changed over time. In addition, student rankings of social status in the class based on different network centrality measures were compared, and associations between students’ social status and psychological adjustment were evaluated. One university seminar class in which ten juniors and ten seniors were enrolled was followed for six months. Although the class network consisted of some disconnected subgroups at baseline, it became a single group at followup. In addition to these structural changes, measures of network integration (density and transitivity also increased from baseline to follow-up. Comparisons of centrality measures indicated that the information centrality measure best captured the network infrastructure compared to the betweenness, closeness, and degree centrality measures. Furthermore, among the centrality measures, information centrality had the most stable positive association with psychological adjustment. Theoretical and practical implications of these peer network dynamics and adjustment issues are discussed.

  9. Relationship Between Religiosity and Psychological Symptoms in Female University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buzdar, Muhammad Ayub; Ali, Akhtar; Nadeem, Masood; Nadeem, Muhammad

    2015-12-01

    Depression, anxiety and stress are among major psychiatric conditions being prevalent in contemporary youth. This study intended to examine the role of three religious orientations (Allport and Ross 1967) in students demonstrating these psychological symptoms. A sample comprising 502 Pakistani girls studying at university level was randomly selected. Age Universal I-E Scale and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale were used to collect data. Findings reveal an inverse relationship between extrinsic personal religious orientation and symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress among the respondents. Results support the integration of religious orientations in mental health care of young adults in Pakistan.

  10. Psychological Distress and Life Satisfaction among University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haresh Kumar

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study is to determine the relationship between psychological distress and life satisfaction among university students. The sample of the present research consisted of 398 university students from three faculties (Medical sciences n=133 Social science n=133 and Engineering n=132. Data was collected from different organizations following the purposive sampling technique. After taking the consent from the participants, the depression Anxiety stress scale (DASS and life satisfaction scale were administered. To obtain the results of descriptive statistics, Pearson Product Moment co-efficient of correlation and linear-regressions were calculated. Results showed that there was significant (P <.05 correlation between Psychological distress and life satisfaction among university students. Further analysis considering the field of education, in engineering student’s depression was present 25%, anxiety 32% and stress 20%.In social science students, 21% depression, 30% anxiety and 17% stress. Medical students have 25% depression, 34% anxiety and 23% stress. Overall medical students experience relatively more psychological distress as compare to engineering and social science students.

  11. Expertise in Clinical Psychology. The Effects of University Training and Practical Experience on Expertise in Clinical Psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Vollmer, Sabine; Spada, Hans; Caspar, Franz; Burri, Salome

    2013-01-01

    How do university training and subsequent practical experience affect expertise in clinical psychology? To answer this question we developed methods to assess psychological knowledge and the competence to diagnose, construct case conceptualizations, and plan psychotherapeutic treatment: a knowledge test and short case studies in a first study, and a complex, dynamically evolving case study in the second study. In our cross-sectional studies, psychology students, trainees in a certified postgr...

  12. Βιβλιοκρισία του: GARY VIKAN, Early Byzantine Pilgrimage Art. Revised Edition (first published 1982. Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Collection Publications 5, Washington DC: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Trustees for Harvard University, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasia G. YANGAKI

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available book review: Gary Vikan, Early Byzantine Pilgrimage Art. Revised Edition (first published 1982. Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Collection Publications 5, Washington DC: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Trustees for Harvard University pp. 109. ISBN: 978-0-88402-358-6.

  13. ALOUD psychological: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study – Association between psychological factors and study success in formal lifelong learners

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neroni, Joyce; De Groot, Renate; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2012-01-01

    Neroni, J., De Groot, R. H. M., & Kirschner, P. A. (2012, 12 April). ALOUD psychological: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study – Association between psychological factors and study success in formal lifelong learners. Presentation given at the plenary meeting of Learning & Cognition, He

  14. University-Community Partnership: Teaching Applied Social Psychology to Foster Engagement in Strategic Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harnish, Richard J.; Bridges, K. Robert

    2004-01-01

    In this article, we present a novel way to integrate psychological theories and research methods in an applied social psychology course as a means to foster engagement in a university-community partnership. We taught an advanced course on the application of social psychological theories and research methods to junior and senior undergraduates. Our…

  15. Self-Compassion as a Predictor of Psychological Entitlement in Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahranç, Ümit

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the predictive role of self-compassion on psychological entitlement. Participants were 331 university students (205 women, 126 men, M age = 20.5 years.). In this study, the Self-compassion Scale and the Psychological Entitlement Scale were used to assess self-compassion and psychological entitlement. The…

  16. Psychological Counseling Services in the Universities of Russia and the West

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirillova, Elena; Kuznetsov, Boris; Aleshin, Vasiliy; Vodolazhskiy, Evgeniy

    2017-01-01

    The article reveals the importance of psychological counseling service in Russian and foreign universities. During their educational activities students experience the pressure of various stressors associated with it. There is also the specific character of psychological age. The article describes features of the psychological counseling in…

  17. Predictive role of authenticity on psychological vulnerability in Turkish university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satici, Seydi Ahmet; Kayis, Ahmet Rifat; Akin, Ahmet

    2013-04-01

    Authenticity is associated with adaptive psychological characteristics and may be predictive of psychological vulnerability. The study was conducted with Turkish university students (N = 303; 158 women, 145 men; M age = 20.1 yr.). Participants completed the Turkish version of Authenticity Scale and the Psychological Vulnerability Scale. Psychological vulnerability was correlated positively with two subfactors of authenticity, accepting external influence and self-alienation, and negatively with the authentic living factor of authenticity. Self-alienation, accepting external influence, and authentic living were related to psychological vulnerability, accounting for 33% of the variance collectively. Authenticity is an important predictor of psychological vulnerability.

  18. Psychological Sense of Community and University Mission as Predictors of Student Social Justice Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Harding, Susan R.; Diaz, Elissa; Schamberger, Antú; Carollo, Olivia

    2015-01-01

    Psychological sense of community (PSOC) is a construct that may facilitate social action in university students. Similarly, a social justice-focused university mission statement might also facilitate social action and interest. The current study investigated whether psychological sense of community, agreeing with the mission statement, and taking…

  19. Tacit Knowledge Sharing Modes of University Teachers from the Perspectives of Psychological Risk and Value

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Dengke; Zhou, Rong

    2015-01-01

    Tacit knowledge sharing (TKS) is important to improve the teaching skill and researching knowledge of university teachers. In this paper, the tacit knowledge sharing of university teachers is catalogued as four modes from perspectives of the psychological risk and psychological value which are measured by two grades--high and low. The four modes…

  20. Developing Autonomous Learning in First Year University Students Using Perspectives from Positive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macaskill, Ann; Denovan, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Autonomous learning is a commonly occurring learning outcome from university study, and it is argued that students require confidence in their own abilities to achieve this. Using approaches from positive psychology, this study aimed to develop confidence in first-year university students to facilitate autonomous learning. Psychological character…

  1. Bit by Bit: Innovating at the Periphery to Extend Harvard's Core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laserna, Catalina; Leitner, Henry

    2008-01-01

    Faculty instructional time is a critical resource at all universities, but particularly in a major research institution like Harvard. Operating on the periphery of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard's division of Continuing Education is often at a disadvantage when attempting to recruit senior faculty. However, through its distance…

  2. Provision of Support for Psychological Distress by University Staff, and Receptiveness to Mental Health Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margrove, K. L.; Gustowska, M.; Grove, L. S.

    2014-01-01

    There is increasing concern over the number of university students and university staff who require psychological support; however, little is known about the impact of this on higher education (HE) staff. University employees (n = 91) from two UK universities completed an anonymous survey which explored their experience of providing support for…

  3. 75 FR 9276 - Harvard Illinois Bancorp, Inc., Harvard, Illinois; Approval of Conversion Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of Thrift Supervision Harvard Illinois Bancorp, Inc., Harvard, Illinois; Approval of Conversion... application of Harvard Savings Bank, Harvard, Illinois, to convert to the stock form of organization....

  4. Are psychology university student gamblers representative of non-university students and general gamblers? A comparative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gainsbury, Sally M; Russell, Alex; Blaszczynski, Alex

    2014-03-01

    Students recruited from psychology undergraduate university populations are commonly used in psychology research, including gambling studies. However, the extent to which the use of this subpopulation produces findings that can be extrapolated to other groups is questionable. The present study was designed to compare results from university-recruited psychology student gamblers to those obtained from a sample of gamblers recruited from the general population that also included students. An online survey measuring gambling behavior and Internet gambling, attitudes and knowledge about gambling and problem gambling severity was posted on websites accessed by gamblers. Participants were recruited from two sources, a psychology undergraduate university population (n = 461) and online websites (n = 4,801). Results showed university-recruited students differed significantly from both adults and students recruited from the general population in respect to demographic variables and gambling behavior. Psychology undergraduate students were younger, more likely to be female, and had lower incomes. When relevant demographic variables were controlled, psychology undergraduate students were found to gamble less frequently, at different times, and to be at lower-risk for gambling-related problems, but had more irrational beliefs and more negative attitudes towards gambling than gamblers recruited from the general population. Results suggest that caution should be used in extrapolating findings from research using university-recruited psychology student gamblers to wide community populations due to differences related to gambling thoughts, attitudes and behaviors.

  5. Evaluation of Internet Addiction, Impulsivity and Psychological Distress among University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Kawa MH; Shafi H

    2016-01-01

    The present study is an attempt to assess internet addiction, impulsivity and psychological distress among university students. The sample in the study consisted of one hundred fifty university students out of which 75 were males and 75 were females who were selected on the purposive basis from the main campus of Kashmir University. Young’s Internet Addiction Scale (IAT), Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and Demographic Data...

  6. Evaluation of Internet Addiction, Impulsivity and Psychological Distress among University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Kawa MH; Shafi H

    2015-01-01

    The present study is an attempt to assess internet addiction, impulsivity and psychological distress among university students. The sample in the study consisted of one hundred fifty university students out of which 75 were males and 75 were females who were selected on the purposive basis from the main campus of Kashmir University. Young’s Internet Addiction Scale (IAT), Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and Demographic Data...

  7. K-12 Professional Development at the Harvard Forest LTER

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, K.

    2012-12-01

    's Phenocam project, a network of near remote sensing digital phenology cameras that send images of forest, shrub, and grassland vegetation cover at more than 130 diverse sites in North America to the digital archives at the University of New Hampshire. Our school district is now part of this network providing a digital image every half hour of the mixed deciduous/ coniferous forest canopy due north from Overlook Middle School in Ashburnham, Massachusetts. As a part of the Phenocam network, students at the K-12 level have expanded the scope of phenological monitoring that is part of the Harvard Forest LTER Schoolyard Ecology Program protocol, Buds, Leaves, and Global Warming. I have developed a series of lessons comparing student data to phenology data derived from Phenocam network images and Modis satellites. The Phenocam Project and the RET program is supported by NASA.

  8. Edward Y. Hartshorne and the Reopening of German Universities, 1945-1946: His Personal Account.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tent, James F.

    1997-01-01

    Characterizes U.S. Edward Y. Hartshorne as a "manager of German social recovery." An instructor at Harvard University and protege of sociologist Talcott Parsons, Hartshorne was instrumental in the post-war reopening of German universities. Discusses Hartshorne's activities in military intelligence and psychological warfare, as well as…

  9. Edward Y. Hartshorne and the Reopening of German Universities, 1945-1946: His Personal Account.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tent, James F.

    1997-01-01

    Characterizes U.S. Edward Y. Hartshorne as a "manager of German social recovery." An instructor at Harvard University and protege of sociologist Talcott Parsons, Hartshorne was instrumental in the post-war reopening of German universities. Discusses Hartshorne's activities in military intelligence and psychological warfare, as well as…

  10. The archive of the History of Psychology at the University of Rome, Sapienza.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartolucci, Chiara; Fox Lee, Shayna

    2016-02-01

    The History of Psychology Archive at the University of Rome, Sapienza was founded in 2008 in the Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology. The archive aspires to become an indispensable tool to (a) understand the currents, schools, and research traditions that have marked the path of Italian psychology, (b) focus on issues of general and applied psychology developed in each university, (c) identify experimental and clinical-differential methodologies specific to each lab, (d) reconstruct the genesis and consolidation of psychology institutions and, ultimately, (e) write a "story," set according to the most recent historiographical criteria. The archive is designed according to scholarship on the history of Italian psychology from the past two decades. The online archive is divided into five sections for ease of access. The Sapienza archive is a work in progress and it has plans for expansion. (PsycINFO Database Record

  11. Expertise in Clinical Psychology. The Effects of University Training and Practical Experience on Expertise in Clinical Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vollmer, Sabine; Spada, Hans; Caspar, Franz; Burri, Salome

    2013-01-01

    How do university training and subsequent practical experience affect expertise in clinical psychology? To answer this question we developed methods to assess psychological knowledge and the competence to diagnose, construct case conceptualizations, and plan psychotherapeutic treatment: a knowledge test and short case studies in a first study, and a complex, dynamically evolving case study in the second study. In our cross-sectional studies, psychology students, trainees in a certified postgraduate psychotherapist curriculum, and behavior therapists with more than 10 years of experience were tested (100 in total: 20 each of novice, intermediate, and advanced university students, postgraduate trainees, and therapists). Clinical knowledge and competence increased up to the level of trainees but unexpectedly decreased at the level of experienced therapists. We discuss the results against the background of expertise research and the training of clinical psychologists (in Germany). Important factors for the continuing professional development of psychotherapists are proposed. PMID:23543213

  12. Expertise in Clinical Psychology.The Effects of University Training and Practical Experience on Expertise in Clinical Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine eVollmer

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available How do university training and subsequent practical experience affect expertise in clinical psychology? To answer this question we developed methods to assess psychological knowledge and the competences to diagnose, construct case conceptualizations, and plan psychotherapeutic treatment: a knowledge test and short case studies in a first study, and a complex, dynamically evolving case study in the second study. In our cross-sectional studies, psychology students, trainees in a certified postgraduate psychotherapist curriculum, and behavior therapists with more than ten years of experience were tested (100 in total: 20 each of novice, intermediate, and advanced university students, postgraduate trainees, and therapists. Clinical knowledge and competences increased up to the level of trainees but unexpectedly decreased at the level of experienced therapists. We discuss the results against the background of expertise research and the training of clinical psychologists (in Germany. Essential factors for continuing education of psychotherapists are proposed.

  13. Expertise in clinical psychology. The effects of university training and practical experience on expertise in clinical psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vollmer, Sabine; Spada, Hans; Caspar, Franz; Burri, Salome

    2013-01-01

    How do university training and subsequent practical experience affect expertise in clinical psychology? To answer this question we developed methods to assess psychological knowledge and the competence to diagnose, construct case conceptualizations, and plan psychotherapeutic treatment: a knowledge test and short case studies in a first study, and a complex, dynamically evolving case study in the second study. In our cross-sectional studies, psychology students, trainees in a certified postgraduate psychotherapist curriculum, and behavior therapists with more than 10 years of experience were tested (100 in total: 20 each of novice, intermediate, and advanced university students, postgraduate trainees, and therapists). Clinical knowledge and competence increased up to the level of trainees but unexpectedly decreased at the level of experienced therapists. We discuss the results against the background of expertise research and the training of clinical psychologists (in Germany). Important factors for the continuing professional development of psychotherapists are proposed.

  14. Determinants of Psychological Help-Seeking Intentions of University Students in Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andoh-Arthur, Johnny; Oppong Asante, Kwaku; Osafo, Joseph

    2015-01-01

    Non-utilization of mental health resources is a well-documented problem among adolescents and young adults. However, little is known about the psychological help-seeking intentions of young adults in Ghana. The aim of this study was to examine the predictors of psychological help-seeking intentions among university students in Accra, Ghana…

  15. Determinants of Psychological Help-Seeking Intentions of University Students in Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andoh-Arthur, Johnny; Oppong Asante, Kwaku; Osafo, Joseph

    2015-01-01

    Non-utilization of mental health resources is a well-documented problem among adolescents and young adults. However, little is known about the psychological help-seeking intentions of young adults in Ghana. The aim of this study was to examine the predictors of psychological help-seeking intentions among university students in Accra, Ghana…

  16. Cultural Diversity in Introductory Psychology Textbook Selection: The Case for Historically Black Colleges/Universities (HBCUs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whaley, Arthur L.; Clay, William A. L.; Broussard, Dominique

    2017-01-01

    The present study describes a culturally relevant approach to introductory psychology textbook selection for students attending a historically Black college/university (HBCU). The following multistage procedure was used: (1) a survey of HBCU psychology departments was conducted to ascertain how they selected their introductory psychology…

  17. The Role of Internet Addiction and Social Media Membership on University Students' Psychological Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simsek, Eylem; Sali, Jale Balaban

    2014-01-01

    How Internet addiction affects happiness of university students in terms of their cognitive and emotional resources was not adequately investigated. One of the inner resources of life satisfaction and happiness is defined as psychological capital (PsyCap), under the paradigm of positive psychology. PsyCap consists of four main sub-factors: hope,…

  18. The university students’ life satisfactions: Psychological help- seeking attitude and hopelessness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeynep Karataş

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to reveal to what extent university students’ attitudes towards their psychological help seeking and hopelessness predict theirlife satisfaction. Participants of the study consist of 359 university students, including 178 female and 181 male. In the research, Life Satisfaction Scale, Psychological Help- Seeking Attitude Scale, Beck Hopelessness Scale and Personal Information Form were used as data collection tools. For the analyses of the research, Regression Analyses were made, and it was determined that university students’ attitudes of seeking for psychological help and their hopelessness levels significantly predicted their life satisfactions. Considering these findings, the analyses of the factors that affect university students’ life satisfactions may be instructive in determining the targets for the studies of psychological counselling

  19. Adult Learning Open University Determinants study: psychological determinants of study success

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neroni, Joyce; De Groot, Renate; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2013-01-01

    Neroni, J., De Groot, R. H. M., & Kirschner, P. A. (2013, 30 August). Adult Learning Open University Determinants study: psychological determinants of study success. Poster presentation at the 15th Biennial EARLI conference 2013, Munich, Germany.

  20. Adult Learning Open University Determinants (ALOUD) study: Psychological factors associated with study success

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neroni, Joyce; De Groot, Renate; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2013-01-01

    Neroni, J., De Groot, R. H. M., & Kirschner, P. A. (2012, 7 November). Adult Learning Open University Determinants (ALOUD) study: Psychological factors associated with study success. Poster presentation at the International ICO Fall School, Girona, Spain.

  1. Cyberbullying psychological impact on university students: An exploratory study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jesús Redondo; Marianela Luzardo-Briceño; Karol Lizeth García-Lizarazo; Cándido J. Inglés

    2017-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of cyberbullying among study participants and examine the psychological impact on both cyber victims and cyber attackers, also analyzing...

  2. The Harvard organic photovoltaic dataset

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Steven A.; Pyzer-Knapp, Edward O.; Simm, Gregor N.; Lutzow, Trevor; Li, Kewei; Seress, Laszlo R.; Hachmann, Johannes; Aspuru-Guzik, Alán

    2016-09-01

    The Harvard Organic Photovoltaic Dataset (HOPV15) presented in this work is a collation of experimental photovoltaic data from the literature, and corresponding quantum-chemical calculations performed over a range of conformers, each with quantum chemical results using a variety of density functionals and basis sets. It is anticipated that this dataset will be of use in both relating electronic structure calculations to experimental observations through the generation of calibration schemes, as well as for the creation of new semi-empirical methods and the benchmarking of current and future model chemistries for organic electronic applications.

  3. The Harvard organic photovoltaic dataset

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Steven A.; Pyzer-Knapp, Edward O.; Simm, Gregor N.; Lutzow, Trevor; Li, Kewei; Seress, Laszlo R.; Hachmann, Johannes; Aspuru-Guzik, Alán

    2016-01-01

    The Harvard Organic Photovoltaic Dataset (HOPV15) presented in this work is a collation of experimental photovoltaic data from the literature, and corresponding quantum-chemical calculations performed over a range of conformers, each with quantum chemical results using a variety of density functionals and basis sets. It is anticipated that this dataset will be of use in both relating electronic structure calculations to experimental observations through the generation of calibration schemes, as well as for the creation of new semi-empirical methods and the benchmarking of current and future model chemistries for organic electronic applications. PMID:27676312

  4. Expat University Professors' State of Psychological Well-Being and Academic Optimism towards University Task in UAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Guanzon Rile Jr.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study explored the state of psychological well-being and academic optimism in relation to university tasks among one hundred sixty-nine (169 professors in selected UAE universities, utilizing mixed quantitative and qualitative research approaches. The quantitative aspect primarily employed descriptive correlation method which used quantifiable data through survey instruments on psychological well-being, academic optimism, and university tasks. The qualitative analysis was used through a focused group discussion among nineteen (19 key informants. Six (6 areas of psychological wellbeing: autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations, purpose in life, and selfacceptance were measured through the Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being. Academic optimism scale measured three (3 subscales: efficacy, trust, and academic emphasis. University tasks were categorized into three (3 major areas: student centered work, professional development work, and community centered work. The moderator variables considered were age, gender, length of teaching experience, length of experience in the UAE, and area of specialization. The results showed that the participants tend towards high scores in the subscales of autonomy, self-acceptance, and purpose in life. The academic optimism scale showed prominent high scores in efficacy and trust. Among the university tasks, student-centered work was the most fulfilled. Using the focused-group discussion, most expat university professors lament on the lack of time, management support, and lack of funding to pursue professional development, particularly research and publication. The regression analysis showed that there is a significant correlation between psychological well-being and academic optimism. Both psychological well-being and academic optimism predicts fulfillment of university tasks.

  5. Psychological motivation and physiological consequences of smoking in university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farkhutdinova, E.T.

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Psychological and physiological characteristics were assessed in thirteen students aged 19-23 who are smokers for more than a year. Psychological status was studied with the use of the Spilberger-Khanin inventory of reactive and personality anxiety; physiological status was assessed through the analysis of cardio-rhythm. Fagerstrom tobacco dependence and Horn smoking motivation questionnaires were used as well. Study participants demonstrated high levels of personal anxiety, while changes in physiological and psychological characteristics after smoking were insignificant. Most common motivation to smoke was associated with desire to relax and cope with anxiety. Author concludes that smoking inhibits physiological functions but does not influence emotional status significantly. (Full text is in Russian

  6. Developing a Psychology Undergraduate Research Community in a New University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Patricia; Ertubey, Candan; McMurray, Isabella; Robertson, Ian

    2012-01-01

    Psychology is a science-based discipline in which research is inextricably embedded in teaching and learning activities. Educators use different methods to help students in their learning of the nature of research and the practical skills required to conduct research, with students playing either a passive or more active role in the learning…

  7. Psychological Determinants of University Students' Academic Performance: An Empirical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebka, Bartosz

    2014-01-01

    This study utilises an integrated conceptual model of academic performance which captures a series of psychological factors: cognitive style; self-theories such as self-esteem and self-efficacy; achievement goals such as mastery, performance, performance avoidance and work avoidance; study-processing strategies such as deep and surface learning;…

  8. A Study of the Social and Psychological Factors Affecting Political Participation among University Professors: research subject: University of Isfahan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Masoudnia

    2013-02-01

    , pp 289-314.   Chaboki, a(2004. Political Participation and Gender: A comparative study of political participation of students in Tehran, Journal of Human Sciences alzahra, Vol. 12-13, No 44-45, pp108-128.   Dvvrzhh, d(1991, En raison de la sociologie politique, translated into Persian by abolfazle ghazi, Tehran: press University of Tehran.   Dahl, R. A. (1971. Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition. New Haven: CT: Yale University Press.   Dahl, Robert A .(1974. Who Governs?. new Haven : Yale University Press .   Dahl, Robert A .(1984. Modern Political Analysis . New jersey: Prentice Hall.   Dianaty, J (2004. A Study of Social Factors Affecting Political Participation among Students University of Tabriz, M.A Thesis, University of Tabriz, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.   Gaiser, W. & Rijke, J. D.(2007. “Political participation of youth. Young Germans in the European Context”. Published online: 4 December 2007.   Ginieniewicz, J. (2007. “The Scope of Political Participation”, Journal of Community Development, Vol. 31. No. 2, pp 157–172.   Ghavam, A (2004. Political Development Challenges, Tehran: press ghomes.   Gurr, T, R (1999. Why men rebel, translated into Persian by ali morshedi rad, Tehran: press Institute for Strategic Studies.   Hashemi, S, Foladian, M & Fatemi amin, Z (2010. A Study of Social and Psychological Factors Affecting Political Participation among people's in Tehran , Journal of Political Science, Vol. 5, No 1, pp 199-226.   Heelsum, A .V. (2002. “The Relationship Between Political Participation and Civic Community Of Migrants in The Netherlands”. Journal of International Migration and Integration: Vol. 3, No. 2, pp.179- 200 .   Huntington. S. & Nelson, J.M. (1978. No Eas Choice: Political Participation in Developing Countries, Cambridge: Harvard university Press.   Inglehart, R,(1995. Culture shift in advanced industrial society, translated into Persian by Maryam vatar, Tehran:press kavir.   Jafarinia, gh

  9. Effect of Industrial and Organizational Psychology on Administrators' Perception of Entrepreneurial University in Higher Education Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Tezcan UYSAL

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of industrial and organizational psychology on entrepreneurship university perceptions of academic personnel that maintain their duties as executives within the climate of university. In accordance with this purpose, a study for academicians that carry out their duties as executives virtually in two state universities one of which (Y takes place among entrepreneur and entrepreneurial university index while another (X doesn't take place within this index was conducted. The results of the questionnaires which tried to measure the entrepreneurial university perception and industrial and organizational psychology were analyzed with correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis, Kruskal-Wallis H Test and Mann-Whitney U test within the scope of SPSS program. As a result of the correlation analysis that was conducted for both of the samplings, a significant relationship was detected between negative and positive industrial and organizational psychology and entrepreneurial university perception. As a result of the regression analysis that was conducted for the sample obtained from X university, it was determined that the psychological output that had the most effect on the entrepreneurship university perception of the executives was motivation while the negative output that had the most effect was the intention to quit the job. As a result of the regression analysis that was conducted for the sample obtained from the Y University, it was detected that the positive output that had the most effect on the entrepreneurial university conception of the executives was motivation, while the negative output that had the most effect was job stress. As a result of the comparison of both examples, the fundamental psychological factor that intensified the entrepreneurial university perception was high motivation.

  10. Prevalence and Socio-Demographic Correlates of Psychological Distress among Students at an Australian University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larcombe, Wendy; Finch, Sue; Sore, Rachel; Murray, Christina M.; Kentish, Sandra; Mulder, Raoul A.; Lee-Stecum, Parshia; Baik, Chi; Tokatlidis, Orania; Williams, David A.

    2016-01-01

    This research contributes to the empirical literature on university student mental well-being by investigating the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of severe levels of psychological distress. More than 5000 students at a metropolitan Australian university participated in an anonymous online survey in 2013 that included the short form of…

  11. The Contribution of the Open University to Widening Participation in Psychology Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Troy

    2010-01-01

    The work of the Open University is situated historically in widening participation, both through its open access policy and the modular structure of the qualifications if offers. The process by which the Open University produces more British Psychological Society accredited graduates with GBC than any other HEI, and the contribution of…

  12. The discontinuity in scientific psychology at the University of Rome, 1907-1947: From general psychology to psychotechnics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgese, Giorgia; Lombardo, Giovanni Pietro; Albani, Alessandra

    2016-11-01

    This article examines the areas of research conducted at the Laboratory of Experimental Psychology of the University of Rome from 1907 to 1947, directed first by Sante De Sanctis (1862-1935), and then, from 1931 on, by Mario Ponzo (1882-1960). The method used to distinguish the topics and areas of research that characterized the Roman School during this period is the textual analysis of the titles of the journal in which studies completed at the laboratory were published, namely, Contributi del Laboratorio di Psicologia sperimentale [Psychological Contributions of the Laboratory of Experimental Psychology]. This empirical analysis, which complements and supports the historiographical interpretation, demonstrates the disciplines that emerged under a system managed by the directors over 2 periods of time in the pursuit of scientific psychology in Rome and in Italy. This analysis highlights the process of adjustment from a traditional, general approach to a more theoretical-technical application. This article is a new contribution to the Italian debate on the periodization of the "crisis" in Italian psychology. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. Religion, Purpose in Life, Social Support, and Psychological Distress in Chinese University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhizhong; Koenig, Harold G; Ma, Hui; Al Shohaib, Saad

    2016-06-01

    We examined the relationship between religious involvement and psychological distress and explored the mediating effects of social support and purpose in life in university students in western, mid-western, and eastern China. Cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of 1812 university students was conducted. The Purpose in Life scale, Duke Social Support Index, and Religious Commitment Inventory-10 were administered, along with Kessler's Psychological Distress Scale. Structural equation modeling was used to test two models of the mediation hypothesis, examining direct, indirect, and total effects. Model 1 (with direction of effect hypothesized from religiosity to psychological distress) indicated that religious involvement had a direct effect on increasing psychological distress (β = 0.23, p psychological distress to religiosity) indicated strong indirect protective effects of religiosity on psychological distress through purpose in life and social support (β = -.40, p psychological distress increases religious involvement, which then increases purpose in life and social support that then lead to lower psychological distress.

  14. Harvard's Core Curriculum: An Inside View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, James Q.

    1978-01-01

    Developing a core curriculum at Harvard College involves the problem of producing change in a self-governing but externally-oriented community. Critics of Harvard's curriculum planning are answered in this essay, which focuses on the problems and positive aspects of faculty involvement in the curricular change process. (JMD)

  15. HarTAC– The Harvard TAC SCM'03 Agent

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Rui; Tai, Terry; Yeung, Wilfred; Parkes, David C.

    2004-01-01

    The Trading Agent Competition (TAC) is an annual event in which teams from around the world compete in a given scenario concerning the trading agent problem. This paper describes some of the key features and strategies employed by HarTAC, the Harvard University TAC SCM 2003 agent. HarTAC was built to be a moderately aggressive, production-oriented agent, combining a semi-conservative component purchasing strategy with a highly aggressive cycle-based sell side.

  16. THE COMPARISON OF SELF-ESTEEM AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SEX AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS OF DIFFERENT UNIVERSITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romanowska-Tolloczko Anna

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The process of shaping one's self-esteem and psychological sex is to a large extent determined by the immediate social environment. The major impact is exerted by family members as well as significant others, whose opinions and judgements are deemed to be of cardinal importance. Psychological sex and self-esteem directly affect the quality of relations with other people, which, in turn, results in the feeling of satisfaction or discontentment. The aim of the undertaken research was to determine and compare the level of self-esteem and the type of psychological sex of female students at different types of universities. The data were collected by means of A. Kuczynska's Psychological Sex Inventory and L. Niebrzydowski's Self-esteem Questionnaire. The research group consisted of 320 women studying at four university schools in Wroclaw. The research allows to conclude that there are significant differences in terms of a multitude of psychological sex types and the level of self-esteem among female students of different universities. It appears that the highest level of self-esteem was observed in students of University School of Physical Education. This group of subjects comprises also the largest amount of female students with male and androgynous psychological sex.

  17. Cyberbullying psychological impact on university students: An exploratory study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Redondo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of cyberbullying among study participants and examine the psychological impact on both cyber victims and cyber attackers, also analyzing gender differences in the impact. The sample consisted of 639 students from the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Bucaramanga branch, with an average age of 17.66 years (N = 303 boys, girls N = 334. For developing this analysis, the following instruments were used: (a Scale cyber aggressions; (B Scale cyber victimization; and (c Symptom Assessment Questionnaire-45 (SA-45. The results show that 27.5% of the sample has been attacked on occasion, and that the stalker was 26.7% over the past year. On the other hand, the results showed that there is a psychological impact (SA45 scales in both cyber victims and cyber aggressors. Gender differences in cyberbullying were evident only at some scales (primarily depression, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity and somatization, although they were not significant among the psychological symptoms reported in this study (except for scales related to Somatization and Phobic Anxiety. © Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Sociales

  18. The Psychological Contract of Science Students: Social Exchange with Universities and University Staff from the Students' Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Toole, Paddy; Prince, Nike

    2015-01-01

    Considerable research has been undertaken involving the student experience and depicting undergraduate students as consumers of education. This construction of the relationship between students and universities is based primarily on notions of economic exchange. In this paper, using the construct of the psychological contract, we show that social…

  19. The Psychological Contract of Science Students: Social Exchange with Universities and University Staff from the Students' Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Toole, Paddy; Prince, Nike

    2015-01-01

    Considerable research has been undertaken involving the student experience and depicting undergraduate students as consumers of education. This construction of the relationship between students and universities is based primarily on notions of economic exchange. In this paper, using the construct of the psychological contract, we show that social…

  20. The interplay between psychological well-being, university adjustment and previous experience of traumatic events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.V. Miller

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available It was shown that traumatic event that happened long ago does not have univocal connection with the current condition (intensity of post traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression, adjustment (as personality trait in general and university adaptation. Psychological well-being is not only a result of good adjustment, but at first contributes to socio-psychological adaptation of a person being connected with the way of perception and appraisal of life events. Psychological well-being is a part of adjustment potential and also reflects the level of adaptation. The most stressful events are death and/or serious illness of close others, or abuse. Special characteristics of students are described in the paper depending on the intensity of their suicidal thoughts. It is shown that the intensity of suicidal thoughts is connected with characteristics of psychological well-being showing itself in current condition, adjustment (as personality trait, university adaptation and choice of defense strategies

  1. A French description of the Psychology Laboratory of G. S. Hall at Clark University in 1893.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolas, Serge; Young, Jacy L

    2014-01-01

    There is a rich tradition of writings about the foundation of psychology laboratories, particularly in the United States and in France. Like their German counterparts, American laboratories of psychology were described by several scholars in French journals. These descriptions stimulated the establishment of laboratories in France and provided templates for laboratory designs. We introduce here an article written by Marcel Baudouin (1860-1941), who visited and subsequently described the psychology laboratory of Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) at Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts. The English translation of Baudouin's paper, provided here, constitutes an interesting new document on Hall's laboratory at Clark University as it stood in 1893. From the French perspective, the Clark laboratory provided an ideal model for the experimental psychology laboratory.

  2. The characteristics and severity of psychological distress after abortion among university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curley, Maureen; Johnston, Celeste

    2013-07-01

    Controversy over abortion inhibits recognition and treatment for women who experience psychological distress after abortion (PAD). This study identified the characteristics, severity, and treatment preferences of university students who experienced PAD. Of 151 females, 89 experienced an abortion. Psychological outcomes were compared among those who preferred or did not prefer psychological services after abortion to those who were never pregnant. All who had abortions reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and grief lasting on average 3 years. Yet, those who preferred services experienced heightened psychological trauma indicative of partial or full PTSD (Impact of Event Scale, M = 26.86 versus 16.84, p abortion and overall emotional health. Thus, psychological interventions for PAD need to be developed as a public health priority.

  3. Socio-psychological characteristics of L’viv University of the Third Age listeners adaptability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kateryna Ostrovska

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with investigations of social-psychological adaptability peculiarities of elderly people in Lviv (Ukraine. These personal performances are compared for the people who study and those who are not L’viv University of Third Age (LUTA listeners. The results of investigation have shown that participation of elderly people in LUTA allows them to decrease the solitude feeling and to increase the socio-psychological adaptability as well as the stress resistance level Keywords: ; ;

  4. PSYCHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS OF STUDENTS ADAPTATION TO UNIVERSITY STUDIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga A. Molokova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The solution version of one of problems of psychology andpedagogical escort of students at the initial stage of their adaptation to training in higher education institution is stated in the study. Such maintenance obligatory includes diagnostics of a psychological state of pupils that in a traditional state demands considerable expenses by as teachers’ and first-year students’ forces and time. Possibility of elimination of this shortcoming is presented.Methods. The methods involve the modified Sklyayn’s technique which description is presented in K. Rogers’s works; the technique of the personal differential definition; the technique of definition of the psychological satisfaction in various vital spheres. Students’ relation to the research was found out during anonymous poll.Results. It is shown that, despite the positive relation to psychological researches from the majority of respondents, there is a problem of the obvious or latent unwillingness of some first-year students to participate in surveys and test work caused by work content and its duration. The alternative to tiresome measurements of indicators of adaptation of pupils to training in higher education institution is presented – the express diagnostics reduce time of monitoring and allow teachers to get students interested. Comparison of the results received at use of Sklyayn’s technique and a technique «Personal differential» shows that they investigate the same phenomenon at nonverbal and verbal levels: correlation of persons’ «real self» and «ideal self». However, if creation of verbal formulations of the person relation to what he/she is, and to what he/she wants to be, can cause difficulties by the examinee, the nonverbal diagnostics turned to subconsciousness, is not only simpler, but also reflects a psychological state of the person more precisely.Scientific novelty. Modification of the technique by Sklyayn is proposed; it

  5. (Mal)Adaptive Psychological Functioning of Students Utilizing University Counseling Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biasi, Valeria; Cerutti, Rita; Mallia, Luca; Menozzi, Francesca; Patrizi, Nazarena; Violani, Cristiano

    2017-01-01

    Background: University students confront psychological difficulties that can negatively influence their academic performance. The present study aimed to assess several areas of adaptive and maladaptive psychological functioning among university students who request counseling services. Method: One hundred eighty-four young female students seeking professional psychological help (Counseling seekers) and 185 young female students who have never asked for psychological help (Non-counseling seekers) were asked to complete the Adult Self-Report (ASR) to evaluate both their internalizing and externalizing problems through DSM-oriented scales as well as their adaptive functioning. Results: ANOVA results indicated worse psychological functioning for the students who sought counseling. They reported lower score in ASR Adaptive Functioning Scales (i.e., friends, jobs, family, education), and higher scores in DSM-oriented scales (i.e., Depressive, Anxiety, Somatic, Avoidant Personality, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity symptoms) than the students who never asked psychological help. Furthermore, discriminant analysis successfully discriminated between the two groups of students on the basis of the ASR’s adaptive and DSM-oriented scales. Conclusion: The study findings could be useful to guide university counseling services in their screening activities as well as useful for clinical practice. PMID:28360880

  6. Impact of Psychological Variables on Playing Ability of University Level Soccer Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ertan Tufekcioglu

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to find out the relationship between psychological variables and soccer playing ability among the university level male players. 42 soccer players representing different universities who participated in inter university competitions were selected as the subjects of the study. The dependent variable was soccer playing ability and independent variables were the selected psychological variables. Soccer playing ability was determined through a 10 point scale at the time of competitions. Psychological variables included achievement motivation, anxiety, self-concept and aggression. The data was statistically analyzed using Karl Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis using SPSS. It was concluded that soccer playing ability has a positive correlation with achievement motivation and self-concept whereas anxiety and aggression have a negative correlation with soccer playing ability.

  7. Alliances in Human Biology: The Harvard Committee on Industrial Physiology, 1929-1939.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakes, Jason

    2015-08-01

    In 1929 the newly-reorganized Rockefeller Foundation funded the work of a cross-disciplinary group at Harvard University called the Committee on Industrial Physiology (CIP). The committee's research and pedagogical work was oriented towards different things for different members of the alliance. The CIP program included a research component in the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory and Elton May's interpretation of the Hawthorne Studies; a pedagogical aspect as part of Wallace Donham's curriculum for Harvard Business School; and Lawrence Henderson's work with the Harvard Pareto Circle, his course Sociology 23, and the Harvard Society of Fellows. The key actors within the CIP alliance shared a concern with training men for elite careers in government service, business leadership, and academic prominence. But the first communications between the CIP and the Rockefeller Foundation did not emphasize training in human biology. Instead, the CIP presented itself as a coordinating body that would be able to organize all the varied work going on at Harvard that did not fit easily into one department, and it was on this basis that the CIP became legible to the President of Harvard, A. Lawrence Lowell, and to Rockefeller's Division of Social Sciences. The members of the CIP alliance used the term human biology for this project of research, training and institutional coordination.

  8. When Harvard said no to eugenics: the J. Ewing Mears Bequest, 1927.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombardo, Paul A

    2014-01-01

    James Ewing Mears (1838-1919) was a founding member of the Philadelphia Academy of Surgery. His 1910 book, The Problem of Race Betterment, laid the groundwork for later authors to explore the uses of surgical sterilization as a eugenic measure. Mears left $60,000 in his will to Harvard University to support the teaching of eugenics. Although numerous eugenic activists were on the Harvard faculty, and two of its Presidents were also associated with the eugenics movement, Harvard refused the Mears gift. The bequest was eventually awarded to Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia. This article explains why Harvard turned its back on a donation that would have supported instruction in a popular subject. Harvard's decision illustrates the range of opinion that existed on the efficacy of eugenic sterilization at the time. The Mears case also highlights a powerful irony: the same week Harvard turned down the Mears legacy, the U.S. Supreme Court endorsed eugenic sterilization in the landmark case of Buck v. Bell. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., graduate of Harvard and former member of its law faculty wrote the opinion in that case, including the famous conclusion: "Three generations of imbeciles are enough."

  9. The Predictive Strength of Perceived Parenting and Parental Attachment Styles on Psychological Symptoms among Turkish University Students

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Serdar Körük; Abdülkadir Öztürk; Ahmet Kara

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the relationships between perceived parenting, parental attachment styles and psychological symptoms among Turkish university students and it also aims to find out which...

  10. Merton as Harvard sociologist: engagement, thematic continuities, and institutional linkages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Lawrence T

    2010-01-01

    In this paper I explore the significance of the initial decade of Robert K. Merton's graduate and professional career, from 1931, when he entered the new doctoral program in sociology at Harvard, until 1939, when he joined the Department of Sociology at Tulane University as an associate professor and acting chairperson. Drawing on archival sources, as well as the professional literature, I examine how Merton engaged the exceptionally rich, interdisciplinary context of Harvard in the 1930s, including both interpersonal networks and diverse intellectual perspectives. In particular, I identify connections between Merton's early writing, "oral publications" and teaching, and three locally developed and dominant paradigms of sociology. Following an assessment of the influence of Merton's works published from 1934 to 1939, I trace continuities between Merton's achievements at Harvard and his subsequent teaching and research at Tulane and Columbia. I conclude that a fuller appreciation of Merton's "less noticed" decade in Cambridge is indispensable for understanding his overall career, and that it clarifies linkages across sociological work at three universities in the mid-twentieth century.

  11. Psychological Profile of University Students with Different Types of Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Shengli; Lucas, Margaretha S.

    2014-01-01

    Increasing numbers of students with disabilities attend colleges and universities after graduation from high school, but studies show that students with disabilities lag behind academically and fail to make progress and complete academic programs at a level and a timeframe comparable to their peers without disabilities. Studies are needed that…

  12. Academic Leaderships Views of School Psychology and Black Students: The Case of Historically Black Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beeks, Amirah; Graves, Scott L., Jr.

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand academic leadership's views of the field of school psychology. This is the first study that has attempted to incorporate the views of historically Black college and university (HBCU) Psychology Department Chairs' regarding the field of school psychology and the potential development of school psychology…

  13. Woman's Place in the Harvard Shaker Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danker, Anita

    1986-01-01

    Describes the practical and spiritual lives of Shaker women at the mid-nineteenth century height of the utopian community located at Harvard, Massachusetts. Also provides an extensive bibliography and general history of this religion. (JDH)

  14. The Four Faces of Harvard's EFB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Building Design and Construction, 1974

    1974-01-01

    In designing the Educational Facilities Building for Harvard's school of Public Health, the architect had to reconcile a modern building not only with the older structures around it, but also with a trapezoidal site. (Author/MLF)

  15. Relationship between the commu-phobic tendency and psychological stress responses in Japanese university students

    OpenAIRE

    石原, 俊一

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the present research was to examine the relationship between the "commu-phobic tendency" and the psychological stress responses among contemporary university students. One hundred twenty six university students (39 males, 87 females) completed questionnaires based on the commu-phobic tendency scale, stress self-rating scale, and stress response scale (SRS)-18. Factor analysis of the commu-phobic tendency scale produced four factors: "interpersonal refusal," "desire for isolatio...

  16. Profiles of Psychological Well-being and Coping Strategies among University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Freire

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In the transactional model of stress, coping responses are the key to preventing the stress response. In this study, the possible role of psychological well-being as a personal determinant of coping strategies in the academic context was analyzed. Specifically, the study has two objectives: (a to identify different profiles of students according to their level of psychological well-being; and (b to analyze the differences between these profiles in the use of three coping strategies (positive reappraisal, support-seeking, and planning. Age, gender, and degree were estimated as covariables. A total of 1,072 university students participated in the study. Latent profile analysis was applied to four indices of psychological well-being: self-acceptance, environmental mastery, purpose in life, and personal growth. An optimal four-profile solution, reflecting significant incremental shifts from low to very high psychological well-being, was obtained. As predicted, the profile membership distinguished between participants in positive reappraisal, support-seeking, and planning. Importantly, the higher the profile of psychological well-being was, the higher the use of the three coping strategies. Gender differences in coping strategies were observed, but no interaction effects with psychological well-being were found. Age and degree were not relevant in explaining the use of coping strategies. These results suggest that psychological well-being stands as an important personal resource to favor adaptive coping strategies for academic stress.

  17. Profiles of Psychological Well-being and Coping Strategies among University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire, Carlos; Ferradás, María Del Mar; Valle, Antonio; Núñez, José C.; Vallejo, Guillermo

    2016-01-01

    In the transactional model of stress, coping responses are the key to preventing the stress response. In this study, the possible role of psychological well-being as a personal determinant of coping strategies in the academic context was analyzed. Specifically, the study has two objectives: (a) to identify different profiles of students according to their level of psychological well-being; and (b) to analyze the differences between these profiles in the use of three coping strategies (positive reappraisal, support-seeking, and planning). Age, gender, and degree were estimated as covariables. A total of 1,072 university students participated in the study. Latent profile analysis was applied to four indices of psychological well-being: self-acceptance, environmental mastery, purpose in life, and personal growth. An optimal four-profile solution, reflecting significant incremental shifts from low to very high psychological well-being, was obtained. As predicted, the profile membership distinguished between participants in positive reappraisal, support-seeking, and planning. Importantly, the higher the profile of psychological well-being was, the higher the use of the three coping strategies. Gender differences in coping strategies were observed, but no interaction effects with psychological well-being were found. Age and degree were not relevant in explaining the use of coping strategies. These results suggest that psychological well-being stands as an important personal resource to favor adaptive coping strategies for academic stress.

  18. Citing & Referencing Using the Harvard Style: Examples

    OpenAIRE

    Cullen, John G.

    2016-01-01

    This teaching resource supplements 2 videos which are available online on YouTube. These videos are titled: • ‘Citing and referencing using the Harvard Style (Part 1)’ - Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9X1UjtfgTU8 • Citing and referencing using the Harvard Style (Part 2)’ - Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hj_EXIFviZA

  19. Whose Hands Ply the Strands? Survey of Eastern Michigan University Psychology Faculty regarding Faculty and Librarian Roles in Nurturing Psychology Information Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanger, Keith

    2012-01-01

    The Association of College and Research Libraries developed information literacy standards and associated performance indicators for undergraduate psychology students. A survey of tenure-track faculty members and full-time lecturers in the Psychology Department at Eastern Michigan University was conducted to discover how those professors viewed…

  20. Gender, Student Confidence and Communicative Styles at University: The Views of Lecturers in History and Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robson, Jocelyn; Francis, Becky; Read, Barbara

    2004-01-01

    This study examines the perceptions of 100 university lecturers in history and psychology regarding the impact of gender on their students' achievement. Qualitative data were gathered from semi-structured interviews and analysed according to discipline and gender of respondent. Key findings were that most respondents (with the exception of most…

  1. The Impact of Higher Fees on Psychology Students' Reasons for Attending University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaye, Linda K.; Bates, Elizabeth A.

    2017-01-01

    The introduction of the new UK tuition fees resulted in concerns about the impact on higher education (HE) uptake, and raised questions regarding students' motivations for attending university. The current study explored first-year undergraduate psychology students' (N = 56) reasons for attending HE through a series of focus groups. These were…

  2. Gender, Student Confidence and Communicative Styles at University: The Views of Lecturers in History and Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robson, Jocelyn; Francis, Becky; Read, Barbara

    2004-01-01

    This study examines the perceptions of 100 university lecturers in history and psychology regarding the impact of gender on their students' achievement. Qualitative data were gathered from semi-structured interviews and analysed according to discipline and gender of respondent. Key findings were that most respondents (with the exception of most…

  3. Degrees of Resilience: Profiling Psychological Resilience and Prospective Academic Achievement in University Inductees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allan, John F.; McKenna, Jim; Dominey, Susan

    2014-01-01

    University inductees may be increasingly vulnerable to stressors during transition into higher education (HE), requiring psychological resilience to achieve academic success. This study aimed to profile inductees' resilience and to investigate links to prospective end of year academic outcomes. Scores for resilience were based on a validated…

  4. Prosocial Spending and Well-Being : Cross-Cultural Evidence for a Psychological Universal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aknin, Lara B.; Barrington-Leigh, Christopher P.; Dunn, Elizabeth W.; Helliwell, John F.; Burns, Justine; Biswas-Diener, Robert; Kemeza, Imelda; Nyende, Paul; Ashton-James, Claire E.; Norton, Michael I.

    This research provides the first support for a possible psychological universal: Human beings around the world derive emotional benefits from using their financial resources to help others (prosocial spending). In Study 1, survey data from 136 countries were examined and showed that prosocial

  5. Towards a Psychological Frame for Explicating Student Unrest in Nigerian Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aluede, Oyaziwo; Imhanlahimi, Joseph E.

    2004-01-01

    This paper focused on three dominant psychological theories--Cognitive Dissonance, Relative Deprivation and Campus Ecology that have been evolved to explain student unrest, to determine their ability to account for the phenomenon in Nigerian universities. It found that none of the theories could all alone holistically account for all the causal…

  6. Still Having Her Say: More than a Decade after Becoming a Household Name, Harvard Law Professor Lani Guinier Holds True to Her Beliefs, Principles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roach, Ronald

    2004-01-01

    This article describes the accomplishments of Lani Guinier, Bennett Boskey Professor of Law at Harvard University law school. The first and only African American woman to hold a tenured faculty position at the Harvard University law school, Guinier has put her visibility to use by speaking out on issues of race, gender and democratic…

  7. Helicopter Parenting and Related Issues: Psychological Well Being, Basic Psychological Needs and Depression on University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Okray, Zihniye

    2016-01-01

    Helicopter parenting is not a new dimension of parenting but it is a parenting that involves hovering parents who are potentially over-involved in the lives of their child. (Padilla-Walker, Nelson, 2012) Helicopter parenting is a unique phenomenon (Odenweller et al, 2014) and unique form of parental control (Willoughby et al., 2013) which can be described as highly involved, intensive, a hands-on method. (Schiffrin et al, 2014) In this study, university students examined about their parental ...

  8. Woman Who Took on Harvard Law School over Tenure Denial Sees "Vindication."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leatherman, Courtney

    1993-01-01

    A Harvard University (Massachusetts) law school faculty member denied tenure charged the institution with sex discrimination. A $260,000 court settlement will go to Northeastern University (Massachusetts), where she is now a tenured faculty member, to support and expand her domestic-violence advocacy project. (MSE)

  9. Experiences And Thoughts of University Students About Psychological Violance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulhan YIÐITALP

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Frequency of violence is increasing in our country, as in all over the world. It seems to be an unpreventable issue violence can be prevented by three main steps; description of problem, defination of risk groups and interventions through risk groups. We conducted this study to evaluate the frequency and perception of violence in last year students of Dicle University who will be member of different professions immidately. Ten different faculties of 977 last year students was the subject of this study. Four focus group discussions on violence were conducted with 7-8 students in each to develop the inquiry form. Inquiry form was applied by confidentiality rules. Violence was asked to students during last 15 days. Perceptions were collected by using scaled Likert scoring system. All data were stored in computer and frequncy tabulations were prepared. During last 15 days 6,2% of 398 girl students suffered with physical violence. This was 7,9% in men students (n:579. Girl students were violent by her fathers and brothers and men students were violent by their peers and others. Psycological violence was 23.7% in girl students and 20.5% in boy students. Sexual violence was not present in boy students but transgression to girl students was 1.2% and importunity was 4.5%. Violence through youth is an important public health issue bcause its high frequency and effects. Frequently perpetrate of violence was from relatives. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(2.000: 131-136

  10. Experiences And Thoughts of University Students About Psychological Violance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulhan YIÐITALP

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Frequency of violence is increasing in our country, as in all over the world. It seems to be an unpreventable issue violence can be prevented by three main steps; description of problem, defination of risk groups and interventions through risk groups. We conducted this study to evaluate the frequency and perception of violence in last year students of Dicle University who will be member of different professions immidately. Ten different faculties of 977 last year students was the subject of this study. Four focus group discussions on violence were conducted with 7-8 students in each to develop the inquiry form. Inquiry form was applied by confidentiality rules. Violence was asked to students during last 15 days. Perceptions were collected by using scaled Likert scoring system. All data were stored in computer and frequncy tabulations were prepared. During last 15 days 6,2% of 398 girl students suffered with physical violence. This was 7,9% in men students (n:579. Girl students were violent by her fathers and brothers and men students were violent by their peers and others. Psycological violence was 23.7% in girl students and 20.5% in boy students. Sexual violence was not present in boy students but transgression to girl students was 1.2% and importunity was 4.5%. Violence through youth is an important public health issue bcause its high frequency and effects. Frequently perpetrate of violence was from relatives. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(2: 131-136

  11. A tale of two psychologies: The Høffding-Lehmann controversy and the establishment of experimental psychology at the University of Copenhagen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pind, Jörgen L

    2009-01-01

    Alfred Lehmann (1858-1921) was the pioneer of experimental psychology in Denmark. He established a laboratory of psychophysics in Copenhagen in 1886 after spending a winter in Wundt's laboratory. Philosophical psychology had been taught for the better part of the nineteenth century at the University of Copenhagen and had enjoyed a positivistic turn with the philosophers Harald Høffding (1843-1931) and Kristian Kroman (1846-1925). Shortly after establishing his laboratory, Lehmann criticized Høffding's theory of "unmediated recognition," which led to a sharp dispute between them on the nature of recognition. It has been claimed that this was a direct cause of Lehmann's slow advance at the University of Copenhagen. Archival sources show that Høffding, though having a very different conception of psychology from Lehmann, was on most occasions supportive of Lehmann and thus played an important role in establishing experimental psychology at the University of Copenhagen. (c) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. ANALISIS SITIRAN JURNAL PSIKOLOGI UGM TAHUN 1997-2006 Citation Analysis of Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006.

    OpenAIRE

    Irianti, Pergola; Zulaikha, Sri Rochyanti

    2015-01-01

    The study aims: (1 )to discover the foreign journal referred by the Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006, (2) to know the percentage of use of the subscribed foreign journal by the Faculty Library of Psychology, Gadjah Mada University founded in Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal from 1997 to 2006, (3) to know the relevancy and use of foreign journal by the scientific article in the Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006, (4) to...

  13. Predictors of doctoral student success in professional psychology: characteristics of students, programs, and universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, James M; Kim, Yang-Hyang

    2011-04-01

    In the face of the rising number of doctoral recipients in professional psychology, many have voiced concerns about the quality of nontraditional training programs. Past research suggests that, on a variety of outcomes, graduates from clinical PhD programs outperform graduates from clinical PsyD and, to a lesser extent, counseling PhD programs. We examine an aggregate archival dataset to determine whether student or university characteristics account for the differences in outcomes among programs. The data show meaningful differences in the outcomes of clinical PhD, PsyD, and counseling PhD programs. Furthermore, graduates from research-intensive universities perform better on the psychology licensure exam and are more likely to become American Board of Professional Psychology diplomates. The available data support the notion that the ability to conduct research is an essential component of graduate education. In this light, PsyD programs represent a unique opportunity to train students in the types of evaluation and outcomes assessments used by practicing psychologists. We discuss implications for graduate-level training in professional psychology. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Perceptions of psychology as a science among university students: the influence of psychology courses and major of study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartels, Jared M; Hinds, Ryan M; Glass, Laura A; Ryan, Joseph J

    2009-10-01

    The goal was to examine the relationship between the number of psychology courses students have taken and their perceptions of psychology as a science. Additionally, differences in perceptions of psychology among psychology, education, and natural science majors were examined. Results indicated that students who had taken four or more psychology courses had more favorable perceptions of psychology as a science compared to those who had taken no courses or one course and those who had taken two to three courses. No significant differences in overall perceptions of psychology emerged among students in the three majors.

  15. PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS THAT FOSTER OR DETER THE DISCLOSURE OF DISABILITY BY UNIVERSITY STUDENTS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Cesarei, Andrea

    2015-06-01

    Despite the increased number of students with disabilities attending university compared to a few decades ago, many students do not declare that they have a disability, reducing their chances to receive support when it is needed. Here, some of the studies investigating the factors that influence disclosure of disability are reviewed. Psychological factors related to identity, stigma, self-worth, and self-awareness are identified as the most important factors in supporting the decision to disclose a disability. Early support for these dimensions is important and should be provided as early as possible in order to facilitate the disclosure and help-seeking of university students with disabilities.

  16. Harvard Law School's War over Faculty Diversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bromberg, Matthew S.

    1993-01-01

    Examines the controversy over the lack of faculty diversity at Harvard Law School and highlights the school's past practices regarding hiring and promotion of minority teaching staff. The pool problem issue is discussed, and the current status of faculty diversity is presented. (GLR)

  17. Relationships between Psychological Well-Being, Happiness, and Educational Satisfaction in a Group of University Music Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirbatir, Rasim Erol

    2015-01-01

    Few studies have been conducted on music students' psychological well-being and happiness. The purpose was to assess the psychological well-being, happiness and educational satisfaction among a group of university music students. Students participated voluntarily and filled out a sociodemographic questionnaire, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale…

  18. The Predictive Strength of Perceived Parenting and Parental Attachment Styles on Psychological Symptoms among Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Körük, Serdar; Öztürk, Abdülkadir; Kara, Ahmet

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the relationships between perceived parenting, parental attachment styles and psychological symptoms among Turkish university students and it also aims to find out which perceived parenting and parental attachment styles predict psychological symptoms which were measured. This study is a quantitative research and…

  19. The Relationship Between Psychological Resilience and Life Satisfaction of University Academic Staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gamze ÜLKER TÜMLÜ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between academic staff psychological resilience and life satisfaction. The research is a descriptive study in relational survey model. The study group includes 94 faculty members chosen randomly in 2011-2012 academic years in Kastamonu University. As a data collection instruments, life satisfaction scale developed by Diener et al in 1985, adapted to Turkish by Köker in 1991 and Connor and Davidson Resilience Scale/CD-RISC developed by Connor and Davidson in 2003, adapted to Turkish by Karaırmak in 2010, were used. In the study correlation method was used in order to determine the relationship between resilience and life satisfaction, regression analysis was used in order to determine whether the resilience predict life satisfaction. In addition, Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis H tests were used in the analysis of resilience in terms of age, gender, marital status, degree, years of service and years of service at the university in the study. When the outcomes were evaluated, a significant, positive relationship was found between life satisfaction and resilience. The psychological resilience predicts life satisfaction in a meaningful way and resilience explains 7% of the total variance about life satisfaction. In addition, resilience levels of the university academic staff does not differ meaningfully from the gender, age, marital status, degree, years of service and years of service at university.

  20. The High Citadel: The Influence of Harvard Law School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seligman, Joel

    The history of Harvard Law School, a modern critique, and a proposed new model for American legal education are covered in this book by a Harvard Law graduate. Harvard Law School is called the "high citadel" of American legal education. Its admissions procedures, faculty selection, curriculum, teaching methods, and placement practices have served…

  1. In Practice: Harvard Houses--The Value of the Tutorial System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Suzy; Johnson, Laura; Boes, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, many institutions have developed residential living-learning communities that aim to involve faculty in promoting peer-to-peer learning and furthering students' scholarly interests in a residential setting. A special type of living-learning community--the residential college--has been embraced by many: Harvard University; the…

  2. Leadership, Ethics, and Corporate Responsibility: Initiatives at the Harvard Business School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentile, Mary C.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses problems of teaching business ethics. Describes studies conducted among faculty and students. Concludes that actions and the broader school culture are more influential than special programs and rhetoric. Reports on a required ethics course at the beginning of Harvard University's Master's in Business Administration (MBA) program,…

  3. Studies over University Students' Learning Psychology: A Review%大学生学习心理研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜允

    2012-01-01

    Applying the content analysis or textual analysis approach to literature review, the present paper has col- lected as research foundation all the research papers published by Chinese scholars ranging from 2001 to 2010 cov- ering the research topic of university students' learning psychology. It summarizes the major contents and progress of previous studies on the learning psychology of university students from such four aspects as the general level of u- niversity students' learning psychology, the unhealthy behaviors in university students' learning psychology, the factors affecting the formation of university students' learning psychology, as well as university students' learning psychology education. Finally, the paper puts forward certain directions for future research in this regard.%文章采取文献内容分析方法,搜集我国学者从2001年至2010年公开发表的关于“大学生学习心理”研究论文作为研究基础文章,从大学生学习心理总体水平、大学生不良学习心理表现、影响大学生学习心理形成的因素及大学生学习心理教育四个方面进行内容评介,并在此基础上提出深入研究的建议。

  4. Enlightenment of Harvard medical ethics education mode for China’s TCM universities%美国医学院医德教育模式对中医药院校医德教育的启示*--以哈佛大学医学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵霞; 艾路; 张晓枚; 陈宁; 王曦#

    2015-01-01

    Medical ethics education is a significant part of medical education. The successful medical ethics education modes in other lands can give China’s traditional Chinese medicine schools some enlightenment. The current study investigated the medical ethics education mode in Harvard Medical School from the educational environment, idea, and implementation aspects. In light of the problems China’s traditional Chinese medicine universities have in medical ethics education, it is suggested that we should learn from the Harvard Medical School ethics education experience by emphasizing humanity education, innovating education methods, applying theory into practice, strengthening faculty and improving the assessment system.%医学生医德教育是医学教育的重要组成部分,国外医学院校医德教育可以为我国中医药院校医德教育带来启示。主要从医德及医学伦理教育环境、理念以及实施等方面研究美国哈佛大学医学院医德及医学伦理教育机制特点。注重人文教育、创新教育方法、理论结合实践、加强师资和完善评价体系是我国中医药院校医德教育可以向其学习借鉴的成功经验。

  5. A Psychological Study of Relationship between Life-Style and Stress in University Students

    OpenAIRE

    高橋, 恵子

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the role of psychological factors in influencing life-style. We examined the relationships among emotion, stress-coping, and life-style. A survey of the health consciousness of university students reveals that most of the students feel that their life-style is undesirable and suffer much stress. However they are not conscious of their life-style. Students who have negative emotions (depression, anxiety, anger and languor) report that they do not sleep v...

  6. Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  7. Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  8. A guide to the Harvard referencing system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwyer, M

    This article explains how to reference an academic work using the Harvard system. Instructions comply with the relevant British standards, i.e. BS 5605:1990, BS 1629:1989 and BS 6371:1983. The importance of referencing in an approved manner is discussed and problem areas such as joint authors, corporate authorship and unpublished works are examined. The issue of second-hand references that are not addressed by the standards is also explained.

  9. Psychological Differences toward Pedestrian Red Light Crossing between University Students and Their Peers.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qinghui Suo

    Full Text Available Based on our site investigation conducted in 2013, we found that the pedestrian red light crossing at the midblock connecting the campus of Southwest University and living area was low, where most of pedestrians are university students and staff. This paper reports a supplementary work applying the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB to identify any psychological differences toward pedestrian red light crossing between university students and their peers. Three social groups participated in the investigation. The first group is the university students in Grade one (Group 1, the other two groups are their previous senior middle school classmates who are now working full time (Group 2 or who are now out of work and school (Group 3. The statistical results indicated The TPB components accounted for 42.9%, 55.3% and 55.4% of the variance of red signal crossing intention for Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3 in the depicted road crossing scenario. The data also showed that there are obvious differences among the participants' responses to "refrain from crossing" between university students and others, and the subsequent regression analysis revealed the ability to "refrain from crossing" played the most important role in the intention of red light crossing in the depicted scenario.

  10. Psychological Differences toward Pedestrian Red Light Crossing between University Students and Their Peers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suo, Qinghui; Zhang, Daming

    2016-01-01

    Based on our site investigation conducted in 2013, we found that the pedestrian red light crossing at the midblock connecting the campus of Southwest University and living area was low, where most of pedestrians are university students and staff. This paper reports a supplementary work applying the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) to identify any psychological differences toward pedestrian red light crossing between university students and their peers. Three social groups participated in the investigation. The first group is the university students in Grade one (Group 1), the other two groups are their previous senior middle school classmates who are now working full time (Group 2) or who are now out of work and school (Group 3). The statistical results indicated The TPB components accounted for 42.9%, 55.3% and 55.4% of the variance of red signal crossing intention for Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3 in the depicted road crossing scenario. The data also showed that there are obvious differences among the participants’ responses to “refrain from crossing” between university students and others, and the subsequent regression analysis revealed the ability to “refrain from crossing” played the most important role in the intention of red light crossing in the depicted scenario. PMID:26824667

  11. ANALISIS SITIRAN JURNAL PSIKOLOGI UGM TAHUN 1997-2006 Citation Analysis of Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pergola Irianti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aims: (1 to discover the foreign journal referred by the Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006, (2 to know the percentage of use of the subscribed foreign journal by the Faculty Library of Psychology, Gadjah Mada University founded in Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal from 1997 to 2006, (3 to know the relevancy and use of foreign journal by the scientific article in the Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006, (4 to know the currency of the foreign journal referred by Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006. The study is a descriptive research with the Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal by 1997-2006 as a subject, and the foreign journals referred in Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal by 1997-2006 as an object. Documentation, and interview are used as methods of collecting data, and citation analysis as an data analysis. The result of study: (1 There are 148 titles offoreign journal cited in Gadjah Mada University Journal of Psychology dating from 1997-2006, including 14 titles of the journal subscribed by Faculty Library of Gadjah Mada University, (2 The freguence of the citation of the 14 titles was that: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology by 68 times (39,76%, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology by 23 (13,45%, Journal of Applied Psychology by 21 (12,28%, Psychological Bulletin by 11 (6,43%, Journal of Abnormal Psychology and Journal of Counseling Psychology by 9 respectively ( 5,26%, Journal of Educational Psychology by 8 (4,67%, Developmental Psychology by 7 (4,09%, Journal of Occupational Psychology by 5 (2,92%, Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology and Psychological Review by 3 respectively (1,75%, Journal of Experimental Psychology by 2 (1,16%, American Psychologist and Health Psychology by 1 each (0,58%. (3 There are also a relevancy between the scientific article and the foreign journal referred, in the

  12. Predicting the "Freshman 15": Environmental and Psychological Predictors of Weight Gain in First-Year University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vella-Zarb, Rachel A.; Elgar, Frank J.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: (1) To investigate weight gain in first-year university students; and (2) to examine whether environmental and psychological factors, specifically accommodation and stress, predict weight gain. Methods: Eighty-four first-year university students (77 per cent female) were weighed and completed the Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen, Kamarck…

  13. The role of university and college counseling centers in advancing the professionalization of psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bingham, Rosie Phillips

    2015-11-01

    Psychologists in university and college counseling centers (UCCCs) have helped to shape and advance the professionalization of psychology. Most definitions of a profession contain at least 5 components. A profession has (1) systematic theories and underlying principles; (2) authority to practice provided by the client; (3) a long educational process, including training and mentoring; (4) standards and a code of ethics; and (5) a culture of service and accountability to the public. UCCC professionals have evolved in a manner that demonstrates all 5 components of a profession. They advance the discipline of psychology as a profession through their counseling interventions because such interventions are based on scientific theories and principles. While their practice rests on scientific principles, their work helps to confirm and modify that science. Authority to practice is evidenced by the continuous growth of counseling centers since World War II. UCCCs aid the extended educational process for psychology graduate students as evidenced by their providing more internship training sites than any other category of training agencies. The majority of UCCC professionals are licensed and must abide by their state code of ethics. Such codes hold psychologists accountable to the public because they regularly deliver counseling service to at least 10% of the campus student population and offer outreach services to many more in their communities.

  14. Interpersonal relations in university: what do undergraduated students in Psychology think?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Benevides Soares

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Social relations at the university are important for adaptation, experience and academic results. This article aims to identify how college students perceive their experiences in interpersonal situations in academic space. We used focus group to collect the data and content analysis to categorize and analyze the speech of the students. Participants were 13 psychology students from a public university in Rio de Janeiro city. The results allowed the categorization of situations as easy and difficult. Concerning difficult situations, we perceived the students’ difficulties in dealing with interpersonal relationships. Regarding the teacher-student relationship, difficulties were identified with the teacher’s didactics. As situations listed as easy, we highlight the students who admire their teachers, the tolerance of differences, socialization, and acceptance to work with colleagues.

  15. First OH reactivity measurements in Harvard Forest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herdlinger-Blatt, I. S.; Martin, S. T.; Hansel, A.; McKinney, K. A.

    2013-12-01

    The OH reactivity provides critical insight into the HOx budget under actual atmospheric conditions, and has implications for the production of ozone and the formation of secondary organic material. Previous studies have indicated that the OH reactivity measured at field sites often exceeds model estimations, but current experiments remain inconclusive about the origin of the discrepancy between the modeled and measured OH reactivity (Lou et al., 2010). As of now there are only a limited number of atmospheric studies of total OH reactivity available, so to improve understanding of the OH reactivity more studies are needed. The first OH reactivity measurements in the northeastern United States are being performed during the summer of 2013 at Harvard Forest. Harvard forest, is located about 100 km west of the Boston metropolitan area, is one of the most intensively studied forests in North America. The main biogenic VOC emitted from Harvard Forest is isoprene followed by monoterpenes and methanol. Sampling for the OH reactivity measurements will be conducted from a 30m tall meteorological tower at the Harvard Forest site. The air is drawn into a reaction cell where the OH reactivity is determined using the Comparative Reactivity Method (Sinha et al., 2008) employing a High-Sensitivity Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometer (Lindinger et al., 1998, Hansel et al., 1998). In addition to the OH reactivity measurements, the most abundant compounds present in the air sample will be quantified using PTR-MS. The quantification of these compounds is needed to compare the theoretical calculated OH reactivity with the measured OH reactivity data. The measurements will be used to evaluate our understanding of the OH budget at Harvard Forest. References: A. Hansel, A. Jordan, C. Warneke, R. Holzinger, and W. Lindinger.: Improved Detection Limit of the Proton-transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometer: On-line Monitoring of Volatile Organic Compounds at Mixing Ratios of a Few PPTV

  16. Psychological distress as a mediator in the relationships between biopsychosocial factors and disordered eating among Malaysian university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Wan Ying; Mohd Nasir, Mohd Taib; Zalilah, Mohd Shariff; Hazizi, Abu Saad

    2012-12-01

    The mechanism linking biopsychosocial factors to disordered eating among university students is not well understood especially among Malaysians. This study aimed to examine the mediating role of psychological distress in the relationships between biopsychosocial factors and disordered eating among Malaysian university students. A self-administered questionnaire measured self-esteem, body image, social pressures to be thin, weight-related teasing, psychological distress, and disordered eating in 584 university students (59.4% females and 40.6% males). Body weight and height were measured. Structural equation modeling analysis revealed that the partial mediation model provided good fit to the data. Specifically, the relationships between self-esteem and weight-related teasing with disordered eating were mediated by psychological distress. In contrast, only direct relationships between body weight status, body image, and social pressures to be thin with disordered eating were found and were not mediated by psychological distress. Furthermore, multigroup analyses indicated that the model was equivalent for both genders but not for ethnic groups. There was a negative relationship between body weight status and psychological distress for Chinese students, whereas this was not the case among Malay students. Intervention and prevention programs on psychological distress may be beneficial in reducing disordered eating among Malaysian university students.

  17. Motivation, Psychology and Language Effect on Mobile Learning in Universiti Sains Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Issham Ismail

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the motivation, psychology and language effect on Mobile learning in the School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang. Mobile learning or m-learning is a new learning phenomenon in the open and distance learning environments. Moving from stationary to mobile learning allows informal collaboration and interaction between learners. Therefore, there is a necessity to revise people’s psychological factors, process and mechanisms that underlie M-learning so that the practice can move from technology-centred implementation to human-centred effective learning processes. The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS Version 12.0 and Rasch Model Analysis was used to measure these items. The 5-point Likert scale questionnaires (12 items being sent to 105 distance education students from four courses including Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Social Science and Bachelor of Management which was distributed in tutorial sessions during the annual residential intensive course in the main campus of the Universiti Sains Malaysia by their respective course managers. The finding shows that a positive response from the learners as they feel happy to use this additional learning tools (mobile learning. Learner’s feel supported and motivated to use the mobile application with the usability of simple language.

  18. Feeling Healthy? A Survey of Physical and Psychological Wellbeing of Students from Seven Universities in the UK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Stoate

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available University students’ physical and psychological health and wellbeing are important and comprise many variables. This study assessed perceived health status in addition to a range of physical and psychological wellbeing indicators of 3,706 undergraduate students from seven universities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. We compared differences in these variables across males and females, and across the participating universities. The data was collected in 2007–2008. A self-administered questionnaire assessed socio-demographic information (e.g., gender, age, self-reported physical and psychological health data, as well as questions on health awareness, health service use, social support, burdens and stressors and university study related questions. While females generally reported more health problems and psychological burdens, male students felt that they received/had fewer persons to depend on for social support. The comparisons of health and wellbeing variables across the different universities suggested some evidence of ‘clustering’ of the variables under study, whereby favourable situations would be exhibited by a cluster of the variables that is encountered at some universities; and conversely, the clustering of less favourable variables as exhibited at other universities. We conclude that the level of health complaints and psychological problems/burdens is relatively high and calls for increased awareness of university administrators, leaders and policy makers to the health and well-being needs of their students. The observed clustering effects also indicated the need for local (university-specific health and wellbeing profiles as basis and guidance for relevant health promotion programmes at universities.

  19. 哈佛学生的兼职活动及其意义%Part-time Jobs for Students at Harvard And Its Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YiYang; XiaodongLiu

    2003-01-01

    @@ 1 A Wide Range of Student Employment Opportunities Harvard University offers a wide variety of part - time jobsfor students. While many students receive job offers as part oftheir financial aid package, most students use various resourcesto find their own jobs.

  20. Psychological Characteristics of 7-Year Schooling Students in Military Medical University and Cultivation on Their Learning Motivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Jing; QIAN Guisheng; YIN Cui'e

    2002-01-01

    By investigation and analysis on psychological characteristics of 7 - year schooling students in military medical university, we knew that their learning motivation needed to be initiated and cultivated. In association with psychological theory, this study discussed the way to initiate and cultivate learning motivation in eight aspects such as cognition, application of course goal, diversity of teaching methods, feedback of teaching effect and enriching the second class.

  1. Sleep quality and its psychological correlates among university students in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lemma Seblewngel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sleep is an important physiological process for humans. University students in most resource limited countries often report poor sleep quality due to changing social opportunities and increasing academic demands. However, sleep quality among university students has not been studied in Ethiopia. Thus, this study assessed sleep quality and its demographic and psychological correlates among university students. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in two universities in Ethiopia. Multistage sampling procedures were used to enroll 2,817 students into the study. A self-administered structured questionnaire including the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS and selected modules of the World Health Organization STEPS instrument was used for the study. This research included 2,551 students. Frequency, median, mean with standard deviation and 95% confidence interval were used to characterize sleep quality and other variables. Analysis of variance and binary logistic regression procedures were also used. Result The prevalence of poor sleep quality (total PSQI score > 5 was 55.8% (1,424. Female students (adjusted odds ratio (AOR 1.23; 95% CI: 1.00, 1.57, second year (AOR 2.91; 95% CI: 2.1, 4.02 and third year students (AOR 2.25; 95% CI 1.62, 3.12 had statistically significant higher odds of poor sleep quality. Perceived stress level and symptoms of depression and anxiety were strongly associated with sleep quality. Conclusion A substantial proportion of university students are affected by poor sleep quality. If our results are confirmed in prospective studies, health promotion and educational programs for students should emphasize the importance of sleep and mental health.

  2. International Association for Cognitive Education and Psychology. European Regional Conference: Cognitive Development and Learning from Kindergarten to University. Program and Abstracts

    OpenAIRE

    Hessels, Marco G.P.

    2012-01-01

    Abstracts and program of the 2012 European Regional Conference "Cognitive development and learning from kindergarten to university" of the International Association for Cognitive Education and Psychology.

  3. International Association for Cognitive Education and Psychology. European Regional Conference: Cognitive Development and Learning from Kindergarten to University. Program and Abstracts

    OpenAIRE

    Hessels, Marco G.P.

    2012-01-01

    Abstracts and program of the 2012 European Regional Conference "Cognitive development and learning from kindergarten to university" of the International Association for Cognitive Education and Psychology.

  4. Relationship between psychological factors and symptoms of TMD in university undergraduate students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesqueira, Aldiéris A; Zuim, Paulo R J; Monteiro, Douglas R; Ribeiro, Paula Do Prado; Garcia, Alicio R

    2010-01-01

    Temporomandibular disorders is a collective term used to describe a number of related disorders involving the temporomandibular joints, masticatory muscles and occlusion with common symptoms such as pain, restricted movement, muscle tenderness and intermittent joint sounds. The multifactorial TMD etiology is related to emotional tension, occlusal interferences, tooth loss, postural deviation, masticatory muscular dysfunction, internal and external changes in TMJ structure and the various associations of these factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of the relationship between signs of psychological distress and temporomandibular disorder in university students. A total 150 volunteers participated in this study. They attended different courses in the field of human science at one public university and four private universities. TMD was assessed by the Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) questionnaire. Anxiety was measured by means of a self-evaluative questionnaire, Spielberger's Trait-State anxiety inventory, to evaluate students'state and trait anxiety. The results of the two questionnaires were compared to determine the relationship between anxiety levels and severity degrees of chronic TMD pain by means of the chi-square test. The significance level was set at 5%. The statistical analysis showed that the TMD degree has a positive association with state-anxiety (p = 0.008; p TMD rate was observed among the students (40%). This study concluded that there is a positive association between TMD and anxiety.

  5. Imagining Harvard: Changing Visions of Harvard in Fiction, 1890-1940

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Christian K.; Clark, Daniel A.

    2012-01-01

    Harvard is easily the most recognizable American institution of higher education, freighted with rich associations to the nation's leaders. This article provides an opportunity to examine the history of higher education through a lens often overlooked--fiction. By doing so, the authors provide a richer understanding of a particular institution and…

  6. Physiological effects of bioceramic material: harvard step, resting metabolic rate and treadmill running assessments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Ting-Kai; Kuo, Chia-Hua; Lee, Chi-Ming; Kan, Nai-Wen; Hou, Chien-Wen

    2013-12-31

    Previous biomolecular and animal studies have shown that a room-temperature far-infrared-rayemitting ceramic material (bioceramic) demonstrates physical-biological effects, including the normalization of psychologically induced stress-conditioned elevated heart rate in animals. In this clinical study, the Harvard step test, the resting metabolic rate (RMR) assessment and the treadmill running test were conducted to evaluate possible physiological effects of the bioceramic material in human patients. The analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) during the Harvard step test indicated that the bioceramic material significantly increased the high-frequency (HF) power spectrum. In addition, the results of RMR analysis suggest that the bioceramic material reduced oxygen consumption (VO2). Our results demonstrate that the bioceramic material has the tendency to stimulate parasympathetic responses, which may reduce resting energy expenditure and improve cardiorespiratory recovery following exercise.

  7. PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PERCEPTION AND INDERSTANDING OF TEACHERS BY UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniil K. Romanov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the paper is concerned with the problem of increasing the quality of training processes at the university. One of the ways is to increase the efficiency of educational dialogue in the system “teacher – student”. The paper presents a theoretical analysis of the problem of communication and interpersonal under standing. The authors highlight the basic functions of the other person’s image and his/her connection with the content of the joint activity. Materials and Methods: the authors used a technique of a free reference for solution of the problem along with application of the method of content analysis and several statistical methods. Sense bearing judgement serves as a unit of analysis that reflects some psychological qualities of a teacher. The study was carried out on the basis of National Research Mordovia State University. 100 students of humanities and natural science specialities took part in this survey: 50 people in each group. Results: the analysis of judgements allowed to define the essential components of a teacher’s image: wide- ness, content and structure. On average students highlight seven qualities in teachers. This tells of a low level of psychological competence. Humanities students have better results than students of natural science and technical specialties. The students perceive the teacher as a whole person. The content of the image includes not only professional skills, but also traits of character, temperament, behaviour and appearance. The analysis allowed to reveal the differences in the image of a teacher based on opinions of humanities students against technical specialties students. Differences in the perception of teacher’s image among students of Russian and Mordovian ethnicity were not found. Discussion and Conclusions: the practical significance of the study – ideas of modern students about a good teacher will lay foundation for determining the directions of teacher professional

  8. The Future of Digital Learning in Higher Education--An Interview with Professor Christopher DEDE at Harvard University%高等教育数字化学习的未来--访哈佛大学教育技术学专家克里斯·德迪教授

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蔚磊; 李馨; 赵云建

    2014-01-01

    Chris Dede is the Timothy E. Wirth Professor in Learning Technologies at Harvard’s Graduate School of Education. His fields of scholarship include emerging technologies, policy, and leadership. His funded research includes five grants from NSF and the Gates Foundation to design and study immersive simulations, transformed social interactions, and online professional development. In 2007, he was honored by Harvard University as an outstanding teacher, and in 2011 he was named a Fellow of the American Educational Research Association. Chris has served as a member of the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Foundations of Educational and Psychological Assessment and a member of the 2010 National Educational Technology Plan Technical Working Group. His latest co-edited book, Digital Teaching Platforms, was published by Teachers College Press in 2012. This interview is about the future of digital learning in higher education.%克里斯·迪德(Chris Dede)教授现为哈佛大学教育研究生院教育技术、教育创新与教育学系教授。他1972年毕业于马萨诸塞大学,获教育学博士学位,先后在马萨诸塞大学教育学院、美国休斯顿大学清湖分校、乔治梅森大学任职。期间在美国国家教育部教育研究与发展办公室担任政策研究员,在麻省理工计算机科学实验室以及美国宇航局约翰逊航天中心担任访问专家,在美国国家科学基金会担任高级项目主任。他曾是美国国家科学院教育和心理评估基金会成员、美国教育部技术专家组成员,并始终积极参与相关教育政策制定。2000年起任职于哈佛大学。2001至2004年,他担任哈佛大学教育学院(教育学研究生院)教学部门主任,2007年,被哈佛大学授予杰出教师荣誉,2010年成为美国国家教育技术专家组成员,2011年被提名为美国教育研究协会会员,2012年出版最新著作《数字化教学平台》。他的研究方向包

  9. Psychological wellbeing of Turkish university students with physical impairments: an evaluation within the stress-vulnerability paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koca-Atabey, Mujde; Karanci, A Nuray; Dirik, Gulay; Aydemir, Deniz

    2011-04-01

    Generally, universities in developing countries offer little in the way of provisions and support (material, emotional, etc.) for disabled students. Therefore, disabled students experience considerable burdens and barriers in their educational life. This study investigated the psychological wellbeing of disabled Turkish university students by examining influences on stress-related growth and psychological distress. Disability is defined within the framework of a social model. According to this view, impairment refers to the functional limitation(s) that affect(s) a person's body, whereas disability refers to the loss or limitation of opportunities owing to social, physical or psychological obstacles. Seventy disabled university students with physical impairments were administered a questionnaire package, including a sociodemographic information sheet, Ways of Coping Questionnaire, Stress-Related Growth Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Social Support, Life Events Inventory, and Brief Symptom Inventory. Snowball sampling was used and voluntary participation was essential. The results showed that disability burden, daily hassles, and helplessness coping were significant predictors of psychological symptoms. For stress-related growth the only variable that appeared significant was problem-solving coping. The results pointed out that there may be different pathways to distress and growth. In order to decrease psychological distress and enhance growth in disabled university students, disability awareness programs, changes in the barriers in the academic and physical environments of the university campuses, and coping skills training to increase problem-focused coping and to combat helplessness may prove to be effective. Reducing daily hassles for the disabled students is likely to contribute to their wellbeing by decreasing their burdens. Also, a more disability-friendly environment is likely to be empowering for disabled university students.

  10. Social and psychological factors affecting eating habits among university students in a Malaysian medical school: a cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Ganasegeran Kurubaran; Al-Dubai Sami AR; Qureshi Ahmad M; Al-abed Al-abed AA; AM, Rizal; Aljunid Syed M

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Eating habits have been a major concern among university students as a determinant of health status. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of eating habits and its associated social and psychological factors among medical students. Methods A cross sectional study was conducted among 132 medical students of pre-clinical phase at a Malaysian university. A self-administered questionnaire was used which included questions on socio-demography, anthropometry, eating ha...

  11. Extra-curricular methods for improving the quality of the staff training in the university of civil engineering (psychological content

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magera Tatiana

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available High technologies in architecture and construction change the world around. Professional trainings for the creators of the artificial environment (engineers and architects have an effect on people’s life but practically they don’t take into account the human nature of the final user and his own psychological features. In this article there are presented the results of the psychological services in the University of civil engineering from 2006 to 2017 as extra-curricular methods for the general competences formation and development. There are also described the methods of works and their specifics, some difficulties and perspectives. There are explained the reasons for psychological service at the university of civil engineering. There are also taken into account the global risks and dangers affecting the study content of civil engineering.

  12. Spatial abilities, Earth science conceptual understanding, and psychological gender of university non-science majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Alice A. (Jill)

    Research has shown the presence of many Earth science misconceptions and conceptual difficulties that may impede concept understanding, and has also identified a number of categories of spatial ability. Although spatial ability has been linked to high performance in science, some researchers believe it has been overlooked in traditional education. Evidence exists that spatial ability can be improved. This correlational study investigated the relationship among Earth science conceptual understanding, three types of spatial ability, and psychological gender, a self-classification that reflects socially-accepted personality and gender traits. A test of Earth science concept understanding, the Earth Science Concepts (ESC) test, was developed and field tested from 2001 to 2003 in 15 sections of university classes. Criterion validity was .60, significant at the .01 level. Spearman/Brown reliability was .74 and Kuder/Richardson reliability was .63. The Purdue Visualization of Rotations (PVOR) (mental rotation), the Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) (spatial perception), the Differential Aptitude Test: Space Relations (DAT) (spatial visualization), and the Bem Inventory (BI) (psychological gender) were administered to 97 non-major university students enrolled in undergraduate science classes. Spearman correlations revealed moderately significant correlations at the .01 level between ESC scores and each of the three spatial ability test scores. Stepwise regression analysis indicated that PVOR scores were the best predictor of ESC scores, and showed that spatial ability scores accounted for 27% of the total variation in ESC scores. Spatial test scores were moderately or weakly correlated with each other. No significant correlations were found among BI scores and other test scores. Scantron difficulty analysis of ESC items produced difficulty ratings ranging from 33.04 to 96.43, indicating the percentage of students who answered incorrectly. Mean score on the ESC was 34

  13. Postbaccalaureate Salaries of Psychology Majors from a Historically Black University: How Much Does a Master's Degree Add?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sibulkin, Amy E.; Butler, J. S.

    2016-01-01

    A sample of predominantly African American psychology major baccalaureates from a historically Black university self-reported job types, salaries, and master's degree completion. For this pre-2009 recession sample, we found that (a) the rates of employment were quite high; (b) most jobs were related to health, mental health, social work, and…

  14. On the Margins: A Psychoanalytic Perspective on the Location of Counselling, Psychotherapy and Counselling Psychology Training Programmes within Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizq, Rosemary

    2007-01-01

    Despite the continuing expansion of psychotherapeutic training programmes within universities in the UK, very little has been written about the psychological strains which may be experienced by teams working within the context of higher education. This theoretical paper offers a psychoanalytic perspective on the location of such teams, drawing on…

  15. Optimism and Psychological Resilience in Relation to Depressive Symptoms in University Students: Examining the Mediating Role of Self-Esteem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapikiran, Sahin; Acun-Kapikiran, Necla

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the role of self-esteem as a mediator in the relationships between optimism and psychological resilience on depressive symptoms in university students. A total of 494 undergraduate students, comprising of 253 female and 241 male participated in this study. Participants' ages ranged from 18 to 30 (M = 20.85, SD = 1.57).…

  16. Effects of Mindfulness-Based versus Interpersonal Process Group Intervention on Psychological Well-Being with a Clinical University Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Ciara; Bond, Lynne A.; London, Miv

    2013-01-01

    This quasi-experimental study compared a group mindfulness-based intervention (MI) with an interpersonal process (IP) group intervention and a no-treatment (NT) control condition in reducing psychological distress among 112 students at 2 universities. At postintervention, IP and MI group participants exhibited significant reductions in anxiety,…

  17. On University Students' Psychological Problems at Uni-versity and the Adjustment%在校大学生心理问题及调适

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨美娜

    2015-01-01

    当代大学生心理问题已经引起社会的广泛关注,大学生作为一个特殊的社会群体,他们身上承载着来自社会各界的期望和压力,同时也呈现出独特的精神状态,也产生一些心理困惑。本文在分析大学生心理问题的基础上,提出了心理障碍的调适方法,具有十分重要的指导意义,能够更好地促进大学生身心和个性的健康发展。%Contemporary university students' psychological prob-lems have aroused the wide attention of the society. As a special social group, they are under the expectation and pressure from all walks of life, and meanwhile, they present unique spiritual state and have some psychological confusions. Based on analyzing u-niversity students' psychological problems, this paper proposes the methods to adjust their psychological disorders, aiming to better promote their healthy physical and psychological develop-ment as well as personality development.

  18. The Needs Assessment in order to develop the Service of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center, Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance, the Faculty of Education, Mahasarakham University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaiporn Pongpisanrat

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore the needs assessment in order to develop the service of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center, Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance, the Faculty of Education, Mahasarakham University. This study aimed to compare the realistic service and the desirable service, as well as, to explore the directions to improve the service of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center among the service recipients based on their gender, age range, and field of studies. A total sample of 150 participants were service recipients; college students, lecturers, staff during the first semester academic year 2014 until the first semester academic year 2015. The instruments used included: the Questionnaire on needs assessment of the development of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center, and a focus group discussion. Frequency distribution, percentage, means, standard deviation, and variance were used to analyze the data. The needs assessment results showed as follows: 1 Overall the realistic basis of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center service was in an “above level of needs” while “the highest level of needs” was found in the desirable qualification. After having divided into categories, the result yielded an “above level” on the realistic basis of the counselor characteristics, task planning, and facility arrangement. For the desired qualification, the results showed that the needs on the counselors’ characteristics, task planning, and facility arrangement were identified as at a highest level of needs. 2 No differences were found on the realistic basis needs of the clients, the services provided, gender, and age range of the clients although they responded differently to the questionnaire. The clients who responded to the questionnaire from different field of studies showed the different needs of services provided in the realistic basis significantly at the level of .05 in which the General Sciences

  19. Predictors of international students' psychological and sociocultural adjustment to the context of reception while studying at Aarhus University, Denmark.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Simon

    2015-12-01

    The number of international students engaging in intercultural education and thereby adjusting to cross-cultural transition has risen conspicuously as a consequence of globalization and increased mobility. This process of acculturation has been associated with increased creativity as well as adaptation challenges. This paper investigates international students' psychological and sociocultural adjustment to studying at Aarhus University in Denmark. Both international students (n = 129) and domestic students (n = 111) participated in the study. The international students did not report impaired psychological conditions as compared to the control group of domestic students. However, the international students reported a significantly lower level of social support. Social support and perceived discrimination were significant predictors of both psychological and sociocultural adjustment. Additionally, the level of English proficiency alone predicted sociocultural adjustment. Values of vertical individualism and horizontal collectivism predicted psychological adjustment. Finally, integration was found to be a significantly more adaptive acculturation orientation than separation in regard to sociocultural adjustment. These findings were discussed in relation to relevant international research and it was concluded that international students comprise a resourceful student sample and that the international academic environment at Aarhus University appears to be an adequately cultural and value-oriented good fit as a context of reception for the multicultural engagement of international students. © 2015 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Harvard Business Schoolis töötav ainus eestlane Toomas Laarits / intervjueerinud Luise Savik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laarits, Toomas

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Harvard College'i bakalaureuseõppe lõpetanud ja Harvard Business Schoolis kahe õppejõu assistendina töötava eestlase Toomas Laaritsaga Harvard Business Schooli magistriõppest ja elust tudengina Harvardis

  1. Harvard Business Schoolis töötav ainus eestlane Toomas Laarits / intervjueerinud Luise Savik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laarits, Toomas

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Harvard College'i bakalaureuseõppe lõpetanud ja Harvard Business Schoolis kahe õppejõu assistendina töötava eestlase Toomas Laaritsaga Harvard Business Schooli magistriõppest ja elust tudengina Harvardis

  2. Psychological Health of First-Year Health Professional Students in a Medical University in the United Arab Emirates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadayam G Gomathi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the psychological health of first-year health professional students and to study sources of student stress. Methods: All first-year students (N = 125 of the Gulf Medical University (GMU in Ajman, United Arab Emirates (UAE, were invited to participate in a voluntary, anonymous, self-administered, questionnaire-based survey in January 2011. Psychological health was assessed using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. A 24-item questionnaire, with items related to academic, psychosocial and health domains was used to identify sources of stress. Pearson’s chi-squared test and the Mann-Whitney U-test were used for testing the association between psychological morbidity and sources of stress. Results: A total of 112 students (89.6% completed the survey and the overall prevalence of psychological morbidity was found to be 33.6%. The main academic-related sources of stress were ‘frequency of exams’, ‘academic workload’, and ‘time management’. Major psychosocial stressors were ‘worries regarding future’, ‘high parental expectations’, ‘anxiety’, and ‘dealing with members of the opposite sex’. Health-related issues were ‘irregular eating habits’, ‘lack of exercise’, and ‘sleep-related problems’. Psychological morbidity was not significantly associated with any of the demographic factors studied. However, total stress scores and academics-related domain scores were significantly associated with psychological morbidity. Conclusion: Psychological morbidity was seen in one in three first-year students attending GMU. While worries regarding the future and parental expectations were sources of stress for many students, psychological morbidity was found to be significantly associated with only the total stress and the academic-related domain scores.

  3. Prosocial spending and well-being: cross-cultural evidence for a psychological universal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aknin, Lara B; Barrington-Leigh, Christopher P; Dunn, Elizabeth W; Helliwell, John F; Burns, Justine; Biswas-Diener, Robert; Kemeza, Imelda; Nyende, Paul; Ashton-James, Claire E; Norton, Michael I

    2013-04-01

    This research provides the first support for a possible psychological universal: Human beings around the world derive emotional benefits from using their financial resources to help others (prosocial spending). In Study 1, survey data from 136 countries were examined and showed that prosocial spending is associated with greater happiness around the world, in poor and rich countries alike. To test for causality, in Studies 2a and 2b, we used experimental methodology, demonstrating that recalling a past instance of prosocial spending has a causal impact on happiness across countries that differ greatly in terms of wealth (Canada, Uganda, and India). Finally, in Study 3, participants in Canada and South Africa randomly assigned to buy items for charity reported higher levels of positive affect than participants assigned to buy the same items for themselves, even when this prosocial spending did not provide an opportunity to build or strengthen social ties. Our findings suggest that the reward experienced from helping others may be deeply ingrained in human nature, emerging in diverse cultural and economic contexts.

  4. The development of Industrial Psychology at South African Universities: A historical overview and future perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dries M. G. Schreuder

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the past 100 years, Industrial Psychology has developed into a viable discipline that has meaningfully contributed to society's knowledge of work behaviour. This has improved the effectiveness of organisations and has increased the job performance of individuals and groups. The world is in a transitional phase, with organisations finding themselves on the edge of chaos. Industrial psychologists must be ready to help organisations to survive in these uncertain times. It will probably be expected of industrial psychologists to assume specialised roles, rather than the maintenance roles of the past. This offers new challenges to universities regarding the training of industrial psychologists. Opsomming Oor die afgelope 100 jaar het Bedryfsielkunde in 'n lewensvatbare dissipline ontwikkel, wat betekenisvol tot die gemeenskap se kennis van werksgedrag bygedra het. Dit het die doeltreffendheid van organisasies verbeter en die werkprestasie van individue en groepe verhoog. Die wêreld is in 'n oorgangsfase, met organisasies wat hulself op die rand van chaos bevind. Bedryfsielkundiges moet gereed wees om organisasies te help om in hierdie onsekere tydperk te oorleef. Daar sal waarskynlik van bedryfsielkundiges verwag word om eerder gespesialiseerde rolle te speel teenoor die instandhoudingsrolle van die verlede. Dit bied nuwe uitdagings aan universiteite met betrekking tot die opleiding van bedryfsielkundiges.

  5. Effectiveness of a positive psychology intervention combined with cognitive behavioral therapy in university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario-Josefa Marrero

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to design and implement a positive intervention combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy to enhance subjective and psychological well-being and other positive functioning constructs in a convenience sample. Participants analysed were 48 university students (mean age 22.25, 25 assigned nonrandomized to intervention condition and 23 to no-treatment waiting-list control condition. All participants were assessed pre- and post-intervention to test the treatment program effectiveness. Repeated-measures ANCOVAs, controlling baseline differences between the two groups, indicated that the intervention group reported greater social support after the intervention period than the waiting-list control group. Within-group differences were found for happiness, selfacceptance, positive relations with others, optimism, and self-esteem in the intervention group; these differences did not appear in the waiting-list control group. These findings suggest the limited capacity of this intervention program for improving well-being through positive activities combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy. Future research should analyse what kind of activities could be more effective in promoting well-being depending on the characteristics of participants.

  6. Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatment for major depressive disorder in a university psychology clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estupiñá Puig, Francisco José; Labrador Encinas, Francisco Javier

    2012-11-01

    Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is the most prevalent mental disorder in our environment, and one of the main causes of disability. While several empirically supported treatments (ESTs) for MDD exist, some doubts have been cast on the applicability--in time, components, and effectiveness--of these ESTs in routine clinical practice. A few attempts have been made to contrast the effectiveness of ESTs, but usually the precise components of the treatment developed are not considered in detail. The purpose of this study is to analyze the components of an EST-based treatment on a sample of 69 MDD cases from a University Psychology Clinic, and to benchmark them against the results of published efficacy studies on ESTs (behavioral activation, cognitive therapy, interpersonal therapy). Results show that treatments delivered at this clinical facility are similar in components, length, and effectiveness (in effect size, completers and improved ratio) to the benchmarked studies. Cognitive restructuring is the most frequent component of the delivered treatments. Therapy results show a 3.12 effect size, and a 55.1% improved ratio over initial sample, an 80% of completers. Results and limitations of the current study, especially those related to sample and center characteristics, are discussed.

  7. Utilizing Technology to Transform Teaching and Learning-Interview With Professor Christopher Dede at Harvard University%利用技术变革教与学--访哈佛大学教育技术专家克里斯·德迪教授

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨现民; 潘青青; 李冀红; 李馨; 赵云建

    2016-01-01

    Editorial Commentary:Christopher Dede is a professor in learning technologies at the graduate school of education of Harvard University. He is also a member of the national educational technology expert committee, who participated in writing the national educational technology plan of year 2010.His research spans emerging technologies for learning, infusing technology into large-scale educational improvement initiatives, developing policies that support educational transformation, and providing leadership in educational innovation. He is currently conducting funded studies to develop and assess learning environments based on virtual worlds, augmented realities, transformed social interaction, and online teacher professional development. Dede is a leader in mobile learning initiatives and has developed a widely used framework for scaling up educational innovations. He is the PI of several projects sponsored by the national science foundation, such as EcoXPT and EcoMOBILE. One of his papers has been published on the world rank-top journal of Science. In this interview, Dede talked about his understandings of several key topics, including the connation of educational transformation using technology, the technology integration in teaching, neomillennial learning styles, future learning, multi-users virtual environment, the scalability of educational innovation, and digital teaching platform. He indicated that:(1) we should take a socio-technical approach to analyze and use technology in transforming education;(2) there are three levels of technology infrastructure/integration that help to describe the extent to which technologies are used to transform teaching and learning environments;(3)the next-generation learning shaped by technologies have three obvious characteristics:immersive and richly contextualized, ubiquitous, and personalized;(4) MUVEs can enhance education in at least three ways:by enabling multiple perspectives, situated learning, and transfer;(5

  8. The Predictive Strength of Perceived Parenting and Parental Attachment Styles on Psychological Symptoms among Turkish University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar Körük

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the relationships between perceived parenting, parental attachment styles and psychological symptoms among Turkish university students and it also aims to find out which perceived parenting and parental attachment styles predict psychological symptoms which were measured. This study is a quantitative research and uses causal comparative research design. The sample of this study consists of 400 university students. Young Parenting Inventory, Parental Bonding Instrument and Brief Symptom Inventory were used for gathering data. The depressive, hostility and anxiety symptoms were determined as the most prevalent psychological symptoms among the sample. The conditional/achievement-oriented and ruling/former mother perceptions were found as the most prevalent perceived parenting styles for mother and the conditional/achievement-oriented and close/repressed feelings perceived as parenting styles for father. Pessimistic/fearful mother, belittling/captious mother and overprotective/worrywart father were found as the most predictive perceived parenting styles which predict the psychological symptoms in a significant level and in a positive way

  9. The Role of University Students' General Self-Efficacy, Depression and Psychological Well-Being in Predicting Their Exercise Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ersöz, Gözde

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this research is to examine the relationship between exercise and general self-efficacy, depression, and psychological well-being of college students. Five hundred and twenty-two university students (n[subscript male] = 273; X[subscript age] = 23.33 ± 4.36 and n[subscript female] = 279; X[subscript age] = 25.91 ± 7.11) have participated…

  10. Association between symptoms of temporomandibular disorders and gender, morphological occlusion, and psychological factors in a group of university students

    OpenAIRE

    Bonjardim Leonardo; Lopes-Filho Ricardo; Amado Guilherme; Albuquerque Ricardo; Goncalves Suzane

    2009-01-01

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to find out the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in a sample of university students and its relationship to gender, occlusion, and psychological factors. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 196 subjects, aged 18-25 years. The TMD degree was evaluated using an anamnestic questionnaire. Morphologic occlusion was evaluated according to Angle classification (classes I, II, and III). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), a 14-...

  11. Have University Sport Students Higher Scores Depression, Anxiety and Psychological Stress?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirel, Havva

    2016-01-01

    Multiple studies have now shown that people who maintain appropriate body fitness, using judicious regimens of exercise and weight control, have the additional benefit of prolonged life. In fact, sport or exercise may be also expected to be helpful for psychological health. In the present study, depression, anxiety and psychological stress points…

  12. This Is Your Brain on Psychology: Wireless Electroencephalography Technology in a University Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Peter C.

    2015-01-01

    With the burgeoning influence of cognitive neuroscience in the field of psychology, it is important to train, or at least expose, undergraduate psychology students to the discipline's methods. Unfortunately, many instructors are limited in their ability to provide such tangible experiences due to resource limitations. However, recent advances in…

  13. This Is Your Brain on Psychology: Wireless Electroencephalography Technology in a University Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Peter C.

    2015-01-01

    With the burgeoning influence of cognitive neuroscience in the field of psychology, it is important to train, or at least expose, undergraduate psychology students to the discipline's methods. Unfortunately, many instructors are limited in their ability to provide such tangible experiences due to resource limitations. However, recent advances in…

  14. The Effect of Positive Peer Reinforcement on Psychological Measures and Guitar Songleading Performance in University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverman, Michael J.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of positive peer reinforcement on self-reported psychological measures and songleading performance in beginning guitar students. No differences were found between the control group (n = 21) and the experimental group (n = 20) concerning psychological measures of self-esteem, stress, and…

  15. Learning to Teach Reading: A Theory-Practice Approach to Psychology Teaching in University Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drechsel, Barbara; Breunig, Katharina; Thurn, Daniela; Basten, Johanna

    2014-01-01

    The report portrays a theory-practice psychology course on reading education in a German teacher education programme. Having completed a theoretical course phase that is largely based on knowledge from cognitive and educational psychology, pre-service student-teachers applied their acquired knowledge by working with a fifth-grader in five…

  16. Learning to Teach Reading: A Theory-Practice Approach to Psychology Teaching in University Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drechsel, Barbara; Breunig, Katharina; Thurn, Daniela; Basten, Johanna

    2014-01-01

    The report portrays a theory-practice psychology course on reading education in a German teacher education programme. Having completed a theoretical course phase that is largely based on knowledge from cognitive and educational psychology, pre-service student-teachers applied their acquired knowledge by working with a fifth-grader in five…

  17. Root phenology at Harvard Forest and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramoff, R. Z.; Finzi, A.

    2013-12-01

    Roots are hidden from view and heterogeneously distributed making them difficult to study in situ. As a result, the causes and timing of root production are not well understood. Researchers have long assumed that above and belowground phenology is synchronous; for example, most parameterizations of belowground carbon allocation in terrestrial biosphere models are based on allometry and represent a fixed fraction of net C uptake. However, using results from metaanalysis as well as empirical data from oak and hemlock stands at Harvard Forest, we show that synchronous root and shoot growth is the exception rather than the rule. We collected root and shoot phenology measurements from studies across four biomes (boreal, temperate, Mediterranean, and subtropical). General patterns of root phenology varied widely with 1-5 production peaks in a growing season. Surprisingly, in 9 out of the 15 studies, the first root production peak was not the largest peak. In the majority of cases maximum shoot production occurred before root production (Offset>0 in 32 out of 47 plant sample means). The number of days offset between maximum root and shoot growth was negatively correlated with median annual temperature and therefore differs significantly across biomes (ANOVA, F3,43=9.47, pGrowth form (woody or herbaceous) also influenced the relative timing of root and shoot growth. Woody plants had a larger range of days between root and shoot growth peaks as well as a greater number of growth peaks. To explore the range of phenological relationships within woody plants in the temperate biome, we focused on above and belowground phenology in two common northeastern tree species, Quercus rubra and Tsuga canadensis. Greenness index, rate of stem growth, root production and nonstructural carbohydrate content were measured beginning in April 2012 through August 2013 at the Harvard Forest in Petersham, MA, USA. Greenness and stem growth were highest in late May and early June with one clear

  18. Harvard v. Canada: the myc mouse that still squeaks in the maze of biopatent law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deftos, L J

    2001-07-01

    The Canadian Supreme Court will soon make a decision about Harvard University's long-standing application for a Canadian patent on a mouse transgenic for the myc oncogene. That decision could reignite in North America the controversy that continues in Europe and elsewhere to surround the patenting of life forms. The tortuous steps in this 15-year patent maze are marked by the arguments about life patents that attended the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Diamond v. Chakrabarty. This patent dispute about oil-digesting bacteria cracked open the door for animal patents in the United States and other countries, even though the legal arguments involved were based on patent applications for corn seeds and oysters, not mammals. The patent challenge to the Harvard mouse by the Canadian government now threatens to close this door in Canada. The arguments against life patents are commonly based on moral and religious grounds that regard the sanctity of life and oppose its commodification. The most compelling arguments for such patents are based on the benefits they deliver through commercial exploitation of inventions. The debate about patenting animals has been more heated outside North America and cacaphonic in the Third World. However, the Canadian debate could be amplified by the U.S. Supreme Court's recent entry on the biopatent stage through the side door of a new corn seed patent dispute. A narrow legal analysis by the Canadian Supreme Court would award the mouse patent to Harvard, while a policy analysis might support the government's challenge of the patent. Although the impact of the Harvard mouse patent process in Canada could be just a squeak, opponents of patenting life can mount the myc mouse to once again roar their opposition to animal patents. And the sound could resonate through the arguments about both biopatents and human cloning, with potentially important effects for academia, industry, and the public.

  19. Effectiveness of a positive psychology intervention combined with cognitive behavioral therapy in university students

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rosario Josefa Marrero; Mónica Carballeira; Sabrina Martín; Miriam Mejías

    2016-01-01

      The aim of this study was to design and implement a positive intervention combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy to enhance subjective and psychological well-being and other positive functioning...

  20. Medical students are from Mars--business and psychology students are from Venus--- University teachers are from Pluto?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, Keith; Sander, Paul

    2002-01-01

    This study explores further the reasons given by the first year medical students in comparison with first year business and first year psychology students for their selection of lectures, student role play, and student presentations as their least preferred teaching method. The reasons were originally given in a questionnaire exploring student expectations of university teaching completed by 195 medical, 128 business and 72 psychology students in their first week at university (Sander et al, 2000). The analysis reported here suggests that whilst students irrespective of course gave similar reasons for not liking lectures, there were subtle differences between medical students and business and psychology students in the reasons they gave for not liking student role play and student presentations. These differences suggest that many first year medical students can be suspicious of the value of student centred learning methods. Teachers hoping to use these methods should acknowledge student suspicion and work to help students see the value of these techniques to encourage their full participation.

  1. A case study in Gantt charts as historiophoty: A century of psychology at the University of Alberta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, Michael R W

    2013-05-01

    History is typically presented as historiography, where historians communicate via the written word. However, some historians have suggested alternative formats for communicating and thinking about historical information. One such format is known as historiophoty, which involves using a variety of visual images to represent history. The current article proposes that a particular type of graph, known as a Gantt chart, is well suited for conducting historiophoty. When used to represent history, Gantt charts provide a tremendous amount of information. Furthermore, the spatial nature of Gantt charts permits other kinds of spatial operations to be performed on them. This is illustrated with a case study of the history of a particular psychology department. The academic year 2009-2010 marked the centennial of psychology at the University of Alberta. This centennial was marked by compiling a list of its full-time faculty members for each year of its history. This historiography was converted into historiophoty by using it as the source for the creation of a Gantt chart. The current article shows how the history of psychology at the University of Alberta is revealed by examining this Gantt chart in a variety of different ways. This includes computing simple descriptive statistics from the chart, creating smaller versions of the Gantt to explore departmental demographics, and using image processing methods to provide measures of departmental stability throughout its history. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  2. A Case Study of the Introductory Psychology Blended Learning Model at McMaster University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph A. Kim

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a brief review of blended learning as a didactic method, and discusses the issues and challenges of using blended learning models in post-secondary education. Blended learning refers to mixed modes of instruction that combine traditional face-to-face classroom teaching methods and online learning materials. The paper will address challenges faced by large classrooms with a diverse student body, and the ways blended learning models can help alleviate those concerns (i.e. technologically savvy students, the need for course scheduling flexibility. In addition, a case study of blended learning in higher education in the context of a unique first year Introductory Psychology program at McMaster University will be discussed. Lastly, the important learning benefits offered by blended learning systems, along with the potential barriers to their implementation will be addressed.Cet article présente un bref compte rendu de l’apprentissage hybride en tant que méthode didactique. Il traite des problèmes et des enjeux relatifs à l’utilisation des modèles d’apprentissage hybride dans le domaine de l’enseignement postsecondaire. L’apprentissage hybride renvoie aux modes d’enseignement mixtes qui combinent les méthodes d’enseignement traditionnel en présentiel et l’accès à des documents d’apprentissage en ligne. L’article traite des difficultés rencontrées dans les grands groupes comprenant une diversité d’étudiants et des façons dont les modèles d’apprentissage hybride peuvent contribuer à atténuer ces préoccupations (c.-à-d. les étudiants calés en technologie, la nécessité d’une offre de cours souple. De plus, l’article traite d’une étude de cas sur l’apprentissage hybride dans l’enseignement supérieur dans le cadre de la première année d’un programme d’introduction à la psychologie à l’Université McMaster. Enfin, l’article aborde les importants avantages offerts par

  3. Investigating the Relationship between Employees' Psychological Empowerment with Their Mental Health in Headquarters Staff of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghader Parshak

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ​Background and Objectives : The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between employees' psychological empowerment with their mental health in headquarters staff of Tabriz University of medical sciences. Study population consisted of all the employees working in headquarters section with a total number of 215 in 2014. Material and Methods : For sampling, stratified sampling method was used. Sample size was estimated 170 participants according to (Krejcie & Morgan table which consisted of 80 female and 90 male. The research method is descriptive –correlation. For data collecting, standard psychological capability questionnaire (PEQ and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ. Results : Data analysis showed that there is a meaningful relationship between three items of psychological capability (competence-reliance-the right of choice and mental health, while there is no meaningful relationship between the sense of being effective and mental health. Also, according to the multiple regression, competence, reliance and the right of choice items have a meaningful effect on mental health and based on standardized coefficient (beta coefficient, the right of choice, competence and reliance have the most effects on the employees’ mental health respectively. Conclusion : Mental health depends on thinking, feeling and behavior of individuals. In general, people who are mentally healthy, have a positive attitude on life and are prepared to face challenges in life, have good feeling about themselves and others and are responsible towards their relationship and in the workplace. In this study, employees' psychological empowerment of headquarters staff of Tabriz University of medical sciences may predict their mental health.

  4. Psychological well-being, personality traits, and aims of life in university students

    OpenAIRE

    Páramo, Maria de los Angeles; Facultad de Psicologia. Universidad del Aconcagua. Mendoza. Argentina.; Straniero, Cristina Mariana; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina. Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina.; García, Claudia Silvina; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina. Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina.; Torrecilla, Norma Mariana; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina. Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina.; Escalante Gómez, Eduardo; Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina.

    2012-01-01

    Objective. This study measures the degree of psychological well-being (PW), its relation with personality traits and the aims of life (AL) of Psychology students. One of the main factors that contributes to the PW is personality. Investigations show that people’s AL are closely connected with the self perception of the PW. This study will be approached from T. Millon’s theory and its general aim is to establish the existing relation between subjective well-being and personality styles in univ...

  5. Rest for work: from psychological fatigue to the universe of stress. Colombia 1937-1991

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenio Castaño González

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the forms of objectification of a series of risks, behaviours and psychological practices destined to optimize output in Colombian workplaces from 1937 to 1991. The article explains how this gradual attention to the emotional aspects of Colombian workers, shown via psychological fatigue and stress, was linked to and broken down by two fundamental aspects: the first, marked by the gradual process of urbanization and industrialization that Colombia experienced in the period in question; and the second, due to the opening out of a major process of the “psychologization” of one’s private life, from the second half of the 20th century.

  6. Astronomy for Everyone: Harvard's Move Toward an All-Inclusive Astronomy Lab and Telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bieryla, Allyson

    2016-01-01

    Harvard University has a growing astronomy program that offers various courses to the undergraduate concentrators, secondaries and non-majors. Many of the courses involve labs that use the 16-inch DFM Clay Telescope for night-time observations and the heliostat for observing the Sun. The goal is to proactively adapt the lab and telescope facilities to accommodate all students with disabilities. The current focus is converting the labs to accommodate visually impaired students. Using tactile images and sound, the intention is to create an experience equivalent to that of a student with full sight.

  7. Content-Based Internet-Assisted ESP Teaching to Ukrainian University Students Majoring in Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarnopolsky, Oleg

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses the issues of teaching ESP to Ukrainian tertiary students majoring in psychology. The suggested approach is based on teaching English through the content matter of special subjects included in the program of training practical psychologists. The example of an ESP textbook for psychologists is used for demonstrating the…

  8. ALOUD: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study: Association between biological and psychological determinants and study success in adult formal distance education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Groot, Renate; Neroni, Joyce; Gijselaers, Jérôme; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2012-01-01

    De Groot, R. H. M., Neroni, J., Gijselaers, J., & Kirschner, P. A. (2012, 6 December). ALOUD: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study: Associations between biological and psychological determinants and study success in adult formal distance education. Presented at the Open University for t

  9. The association between occupational stress and depressive symptoms and the mediating role of psychological capital among Chinese university teachers: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Xue; Yang, Yi-Long; Wang, Yang; Liu, Li; Wang, Shu; Wang, Lie

    2014-11-30

    Depression is a major public health problem that affects both individuals and society. Previous studies report that university teachers are particularly susceptible to high levels of occupational stress and depressive symptoms. The aims of this study were to explore the association between occupational stress and depressive symptoms in a group of university teachers, and assess the mediating role of psychological capital between these variables. A cross-sectional study was performed between November 2013 and January 2014. Teachers from six universities were randomly sampled in Shenyang. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, effort-reward imbalance scale, and psychological capital questionnaire (PCQ-24), as well as questions about demographic and working factors, were administered in questionnaires distributed to 1,500 university teachers. Completed questionnaires were received from 1,210 participants. Hierarchical linear regression analysis was used to examine the mediating role of psychological capital. In the present study, 58.9% (95% CI (Confidence Intervals): 56.1% to 61.7%) of university teachers had a CES-D score equal to or above the cut-off of 16. Both effort-reward ratio (ERR) and scores of over-commitment were positively associated with depressive symptoms, whereas psychological capital was negatively associated with depressive symptoms among university teachers. Psychological capital partially mediated the relationship between occupational stress and depressive symptoms. Among Chinese university teachers, occupational stress may be a risk factor for depressive symptoms, whereas psychological capital might be protective against depressive symptoms. Our results suggest that college administrators could support the development of psychological capital in their staff to alleviate depressive symptoms.

  10. Compulsive buying in university students: its prevalence and relationships with materialism, psychological distress symptoms, and subjective well-being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villardefrancos, Estíbaliz; Otero-López, José Manuel

    2016-02-01

    Compulsive buying has become a severe problem among young people. The prominent role that psychological variables play in this phenomenon support their consideration in establishing a risk profile for compulsive buying that serves as a guide for the development of prevention and treatment programs with guarantees of effectiveness. However, there are only a small number of studies in existence which have explored the compulsive buying prevalence among students, and none of them have been conducted in a Mediterranean country. This study aims to estimate the compulsive buying prevalence in a sample of university students from the region of Galicia (Spain). We also intend to determine if statistically significant differences exist between compulsive buyers and non-compulsive buyers in relation with gender, materialistic values, psychological distress symptoms and subjective well-being. Lastly, the clarification of which of the determinants examined represent risk or protection factors for compulsive buying constitutes another important objective of this paper. A total sample of 1448 university students participated in this study. They answered a battery of self-reports assessing gender, compulsive buying propensity, materialism, distress symptomatology, and well-being. Participants were initially classified as either compulsive buyers or non-compulsive buyers. Both groups were compared for the aforementioned variables through chi-square testing or variance analyses. Then, a multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine which of these determinants make up a risk profile for compulsive buying. The estimated prevalence of compulsive buying in the sample of university students considered was 7.4%. Statistically significant differences between compulsive buyers and non-compulsive buyers were detected for gender, and each and every one of the psychological variables explored. Specifically, it was confirmed that compulsive buyers obtained significantly

  11. Social and psychological factors affecting eating habits among university students in a Malaysian medical school: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganasegeran Kurubaran

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Eating habits have been a major concern among university students as a determinant of health status. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of eating habits and its associated social and psychological factors among medical students. Methods A cross sectional study was conducted among 132 medical students of pre-clinical phase at a Malaysian university. A self-administered questionnaire was used which included questions on socio-demography, anthropometry, eating habits and psychosocial factors. Results Mean (±SD age of the respondents was 22.7 (±2.4 years and (the age ranged from 18 to 30 years. More than half had regular meals and breakfast (57.6% &, 56.1% respectively. Majority (73.5% consumed fruits less than three times per week, 51.5% had fried food twice or more a week and 59.8% drank water less than 2 liters daily. Eating habits score was significantly low among younger students (18–22 years, smokers, alcohol drinkers and those who did not exercise. (ppp Conclusion Most of the students in this study had healthy eating habits. Social and psychological factors were important determinants of eating habits among medical students.

  12. Reach on Informatioanlized Psychological Counseling in Universities%高校信息化心理咨询的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周亚萍

    2011-01-01

    The lack of face to face counseling professional counselors and mental patients do not want to disclose their privacy which can't meet the requirements of face to face counseling. There are shortcomings of the traditional way of network counseling. On this basis of the status of psychological counseling on the universities, the investigation and analysis of China's current psycho-educational research of university status this paper proposes the improvement of measures of psychological education and provides a certain theoretical value for psychological counseling for the information technology.%面对面进行心理咨询的专业咨询人员的缺乏以及心理患者不愿当面透露自己隐私的基本情况,使得面对面的心理咨询的需求难以满足。传统的网络心理咨询方式存在其自身的缺陷。本文对我国高校信息化心理咨询的现状进行研究,调查分析目前我国高校信息化心理教育研究现状,并且在此基础上对信息化心理教育提出了改进对策,为信息化心理咨询提供了一定的理论价值和参考价值。

  13. The development of Industrial Psychology at South African Universities: A historical overview and future perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Dries M. G. Schreuder

    2001-01-01

    Over the past 100 years, Industrial Psychology has developed into a viable discipline that has meaningfully contributed to society's knowledge of work behaviour. This has improved the effectiveness of organisations and has increased the job performance of individuals and groups. The world is in a transitional phase, with organisations finding themselves on the edge of chaos. Industrial psychologists must be ready to help organisations to survive in these uncertain times. It will probably be e...

  14. Analysis of sociodemographic, sport and psychological profile in a rock-climbing experience on university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Morilla Portela

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The relationships among several psychological factors in rock climbing was proved a long time ago, nevertheless, most researches are limited to very artificial situations, far away from nature. There are few studies which have carried out this kind of investigation in the natural environment and have combined data collection with real rock climbing practice. The instruments used for this data collection were two questionnaires: CSAI-2 and another one specifically designed to gather the necessary information about sociodemographic characteristic and sport habits. In our work we have studied various individuals’ features (sociodemographic, general sport and outdoor profiles and we have confirmed how they are interrelated and their influence on several psychological factors (cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence. Through this article we show that there are higher percentages of women than men participants who climb IV-V grade, whereas in higher grades the percentages equalize. Regarding psychological factors, we can notice how on the one hand those participants who climb higher grades and are more interested in rock climbing, feel lower cognitive anxiety and somatic anxiety, while on the other hand they feel higher self-confidence levels

  15. The effect of psychological capital between work-family conflict and job burnout in Chinese university teachers: Testing for mediation and moderation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pu, Jun; Hou, Hanpo; Ma, Ruiyang; Sang, Jinyan

    2016-03-29

    In this study, we investigated the relationship between work-family conflict and job burnout as well as the potential mediation/moderation effects of psychological capital. Participants were 357 university teachers who completed a questionnaire packet containing a work-family conflict scale, psychological capital questionnaire, and Maslach Burnout Inventory-General survey. According to the results, work-family conflict and psychological capital were both significantly correlated with job burnout. In addition, psychological capital cannot mediate-but can moderate-the relationship between work-family conflict and job burnout. Taken together, our findings shed light on the psychological capital underlying the association of work-family conflict and job burnout.

  16. Harvard Studies in Syntax and Semantics, Volume 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hankamer, Jorge, Ed.; Aissen, Judith, Ed.

    The following articles on syntax and semantics were researched at the Harvard Syntax Workshop: (1) "Clause Reduction in Spanish," by Judith Aissen and David Perlmutter; (2) "Reduced WH-Questions," by Robin Bechhofer; (3) "Reduction in Conjoined WH-Questions," by Robin Bechhofer; (4) "On Subject-to-Object Raising…

  17. Inside the Classroom of Harvard Law School Professor David Wilkins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence-Lightfoot, Sara

    1999-01-01

    Examines the teaching methods of David Wilkins, an African American Harvard Law School professor considered an exciting teacher by his students and colleagues. Describes his skill in getting students to attend class, engage in legal thinking, feel comfortable in the classroom, and learn the formal rituals and procedures for the court. (SM)

  18. The Harvard Fatigue Laboratory: Contributions to World War II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folk, G. Edgar

    2010-01-01

    The war contributions of the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory in Cambridge, MA, were recorded in 169 Technical Reports, most of which were sent to the Office of the Quartermaster General. Earlier reports were sent to the National Research Council and the Office of Scientific Research and Development. Many of the reports from 1941 and later dealt with…

  19. Controversial Harvard U. Sociologist Relishes His Role as a Maverick.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raymond, Chris

    1992-01-01

    Harvard professor, Orlando Patterson has received awards for his controversial writings on slavery, conceptualized as a global institution, and on personal freedom in western society. He is hailed as an intellectual leader in a variety of disciplines. A central interest is exile and alienation. (MSE)

  20. Harvard Pilgrim Health Care--leading the competition and growing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, K

    1997-05-01

    New England's largest HMO wants to be even bigger. The product of a 1995 merger, Harvard Pilgrim is seeking ways to reduce per-member-per-month costs, creating new health plans with greater choice of providers, changing physician relationships from staff-model to group practice and looking at other merger opportunities.

  1. Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rapport, Zachary

    2011-01-01

    The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

  2. Hungarian norms for the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Költő, András; Gősi-Greguss, Anna C; Varga, Katalin; Bányai, Éva I

    2015-01-01

    Hungarian norms for the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A (HGSHS:A) are presented. The Hungarian translation of the HGSHS:A was administered under standard conditions to 434 participants (190 males, 244 females) of several professions. In addition to the traditional self-scoring, hypnotic behavior was also recorded by trained observers. Female participants proved to be more hypnotizable than males and so were psychology students and professionals as compared to nonpsychologists. Hypnotizability varied across different group sizes. The normative data-including means, standard deviations, and indicators of reliability-are comparable with previously published results. The authors conclude that measuring observer-scores increases the ecological validity of the scale. The Hungarian version of the HGSHS:A seems to be a reliable and valid measure of hypnotizability.

  3. Roles of University Support for International Students in the United States: Analysis of a Systematic Model of University Identification, University Support, and Psychological Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Jaehee; Yu, Hongsik

    2015-01-01

    Unlike previous research on international students' social support, this current study applied the concept of organizational support to university contexts, examining the effects of university support. Mainly based on the social identity/self-categorization stress model, this study developed and tested a path model composed of four key…

  4. Roles of University Support for International Students in the United States: Analysis of a Systematic Model of University Identification, University Support, and Psychological Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Jaehee; Yu, Hongsik

    2015-01-01

    Unlike previous research on international students' social support, this current study applied the concept of organizational support to university contexts, examining the effects of university support. Mainly based on the social identity/self-categorization stress model, this study developed and tested a path model composed of four key…

  5. Direct and indirect effects of sociocultural influences on disordered eating among Malaysian male and female university students. A mediation analysis of psychological distress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Wan Ying; Mohd Nasir, Mohd Taib; Zalilah, Mohd Shariff; Hazizi, Abu Saad

    2011-06-01

    This study aimed to examine the role of psychological distress in the relationships between sociocultural influences (social pressure to be thin and weight teasing) and disordered eating. Data were collected from 584 university students (59.4% females and 40.6% males), aged 18-24 years old (M=20.6, SD=1.4), selected from four universities in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. Participants completed four standardized questionnaires which measured social pressure to be thin, weight-related teasing, psychological distress and disordered eating. A good fit structural equation modeling (SEM) model was developed for both sexes. For males, the SEM model revealed that sociocultural influences showed an indirect effect on disordered eating through psychological distress. For females, the model showed an indirect effect of sociocultural influences on disordered eating through psychological distress, as well as a direct effect of sociocultural influences on disordered eating. In conclusion, psychological distress mediated the relationships between sociocultural influences and disordered eating in both males and females. Our results suggest that disordered eating intervention programs on reducing psychological distress in university students may be beneficial.

  6. Factors Influencing Facebook Usage and Facebook Addictive Tendency in University Students: The Role of Online Psychological Privacy and Facebook Usage Motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Fu-Yuan; Chiu, Su-Lin

    2016-04-01

    There are few studies analysing the influence of personal traits and motivation factors on Facebook usage and Facebook addictive tendency as seen in university students. In this study, 225 Taiwanese university students completed a questionnaire to determine their online psychological privacy scale, Facebook usage motivation scale, Facebook usage scale and Facebook addictive tendency scale, in order to evaluate the items that can be conceptualized as the effect of university students' online psychological privacy personal trait and motive factors, and Facebook usage motivation with respect to Facebook usage and Facebook addictive tendency. The study found that a desire for more online psychological privacy correlates with a stronger motivation to use Facebook and more Facebook usage behaviour among university students who may become high-risk groups for Facebook addictive tendency. The study found that a desire for or an acceptance of a lower online psychological privacy correlates with a stronger motivation to use Facebook among university students who may have more Facebook usage behaviour. This study can help understand university students' Facebook usage and Facebook addictive tendency and provide feature indicators for those who may become high-risk groups for Facebook addictive tendency. Finally, this study conducts discussion and proposes relevant suggestions for future study.

  7. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 2, March-April 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Money and Motivation: New Initiatives Rekindle Debate over the Link between Rewards and Student Achievement (David McKay Wilson); (2) An Inexact Science: What Are the Technical…

  8. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 4, July-August 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Meeting of the Minds: The Parent-Teacher Conference Is the Cornerstone of School-Home Relations. How Can It Work for All Families? (Laura Pappano); (2) In Search of That "Third…

  9. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 1, January-February 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Learning Across Distance: Virtual-Instruction Programs Are Growing Rapidly, but the Impact on "Brick-and-Mortar" Classrooms Is Still up in the Air…

  10. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 3, May-June 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) "Equity, Access, and Opportunity": Despite Challenges, More Districts Adopt One-to-One Laptop Programs (Colleen Gillard); (2) Small Kids, Big Words: Research-Based Strategies…

  11. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 2, March-April 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Educating Teenage Immigrants: High Schools Experiment with Ways to Group New English-Language Learners (Lucy Hood); (2) Hot Topics and Key Words: Pilot Project Brings Teachers…

  12. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 5, September-October 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) The Invisible Hand in Education Policy: Behind the Scenes, Economists Wield Unprecedented Influence (David McKay Wilson); (2) Bonding and Bridging: Schools Open Doors for…

  13. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 1, January-February 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Leadership Lessons From Schools Becoming "Data Wise" (Jennifer L. Steele and Kathryn Parker Boudett); (2) A Guide on the Side: Mentors Help New Leaders Prepare for Life in the…

  14. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 28, Number 1, January-February 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walser, Nancy, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Using Theater to Teach Social Skills: Researchers Document Improvements for Children with Autism (Patti Hartigan); (2) The Family Model of Schooling Revisited: Few Teachers,…

  15. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 3, May-June 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Bringing Art into School, Byte by Byte: Innovative Programs Use Technology to Expand Access to the Arts (Patti Hartigan); (2) Differentiated Instruction…

  16. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 3, May-June 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) The Road to School Improvement: It's Hard, It's Bumpy, and It Takes as Long as It Takes (Richard F. Elmore and Elizabeth A. City); (2) Better Teaching with Web Tools: How…

  17. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 1, January-February 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walser, Caroline T., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) The Greening of Environmental Ed: Teachers Focus on Complexity, Evidence, and Letting Students Draw Their Own Conclusions (Lucy Hood); (2) Like Teacher,…

  18. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 1, January-February 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) The "Data Wise" Improvement Process: Eight Steps for Using Test Data to Improve Teaching and Learning (Kathryn Parker Boudett, Elizabeth A. City,…

  19. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 1, January-February 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Charters and Unions: What's the Future for This Unorthodox Relationship? (Alexander Russo); (2) From Special Ed to Higher Ed: Transition Planning for Disabled Students Focuses…

  20. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 6, November-December 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) (In)formative Assessments: New Tests and Activities Can Help Teachers Guide Student Learning (Robert Rothman); (2) Recent Research on the Achievement Gap: How Lifestyle…

  1. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 5, September-October 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Teaching 21st Century Skills: What Does It Look Like in Practice? (Nancy Walser); (2) Getting and Spending: Schools and Districts Share Lessons on the Effective Uses of…

  2. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 4, July-August 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Beyond Auto Shop 1: Is Career and Technical Education a Promising Path for High School Reform? (Lucy Hood); (2) The School Readiness Gap:…

  3. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 6, November-December 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walser, Nancy, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) With Cheating on the Rise, Schools Respond (David McKay Wilson); (2) Waldorf Education in Public Schools: Educators Adopt--and Adapt--This Developmental, Arts-Rich Approach…

  4. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 4, July-August 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Learning Progressions in Science: A New Approach Emphasizes Sustained Instruction in Big Ideas (Patti Hartigan); (2) Putting the "Boy Crisis" in…

  5. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 1, January-February 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Response to Intervention: A New Approach to Reading Instruction Aims to Catch Struggling Readers Early (Nancy Walser); (2) Getting Advisory Right: Focus and…

  6. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 3, May-June 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Improving Teaching and Learning through Instructional Rounds (Lee Teitel); (2) Developmentally Appropriate Practice in the Age of Testing: New Reports Outline Key Principles…

  7. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 2, March-April 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Online Testing, Version 1.0: Oregon's Adaptive Computer-Based Accountability Test Offers a Peek at a Brave New Future (Robert Rothman); (2) Beyond…

  8. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 3, May-June 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Making Schools Safer for LGBT Youth: Despite Signs of Progress, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students Say Harassment Persists (Michael Sadowski);…

  9. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 3, May-June 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Unleashing the "Brain Power" of Groups in the Classroom: The Neuroscience behind Collaborative Work (Nancy Walser); (2) Putting AP to the Test: New Research Assesses the…

  10. 33 CFR 100.101 - Harvard-Yale Regatta, Thames River, New London, CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Harvard-Yale Regatta, Thames... OF HOMELAND SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.101 Harvard... passed their positions. At that time, spectator vessels located south of the Harvard Boathouse...

  11. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 5, September-October 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Teaching Students to Ask Their Own Questions: One Small Change Can Yield Big Results (Dan Rothstein and Luz Santana); (2) Voice of Experience: Jerry Weast--Leading a System…

  12. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 2, March-April 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) More Than "Making Nice": Getting Teachers to (Truly) Collaborate (Laura Pappano); (2) "Doing the Critical Things First": An Aligned Approach to PreK and Early Elementary Math;…

  13. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 6, November-December 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Charting a New Course toward Racial Integration: Districts Seek Legal Routes to Capture the Benefits of Diversity (Brigid Schulte); (2) Voluntary Integration: Two Views--(a)…

  14. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 4, July-August 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Putting the Brakes on "Summer Slide": Modified School Calendars Build in Time to Enrich Learning and Sustain Gains (Brigid Schulte); (2) Closing…

  15. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 5, September-October 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walser, Nancy, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Scenes from the School Turnaround Movement: Passion, Frustration, Mid-Course Corrections Mark Rapid Reforms (Laura Pappano); (2) The Media Savvy Educator:…

  16. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 4, July-August 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Integrated Data Systems Link Schools and Communities: Researchers Combine School and Non-School Data to Inform Interventions and Policy (Patti Hartigan);…

  17. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 28, Number 2, March-April 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Course Credits on the Quick: Controversial Online Recovery Programs Speed the Path to Graduation (Andrew Brownstein); (2) Collaborating to Make Schools More Inclusive…

  18. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 6, November-December 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walser, Nancy, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Video Games Take Testing to the Next Level: Researchers See Promise in Game-Like Assessments That Measure Complex Skills (Robert Rothman); (2) An Academic…

  19. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 4, July-August 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Taking the Measure of New Teachers: California Shifts from Standardized Tests to Performance-Based Assessment as a Condition of Licensure (Robert Rothman);…

  20. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 6, November-December 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) "Platooning" Instruction: Districts Weigh Pros and Cons of Departmentalizing Elementary Schools (Lucy Hood); (2) Behind the Classroom Door: A Rare Glimpse Indicates the…

  1. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 2, March-April 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Talking 'bout Evolution: High School Science Teachers Share Strategies for Dealing with Controversy in the Classroom (Nancy Walser); (2) Standards-Based…

  2. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 4, July-August 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Taking the Measure of New Teachers: California Shifts from Standardized Tests to Performance-Based Assessment as a Condition of Licensure (Robert Rothman); (2) When 1/2 + 1/3 =…

  3. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 3, May-June 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Making Schools Safer for LGBT Youth: Despite Signs of Progress, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students Say Harassment Persists (Michael Sadowski); (2) Rx for a…

  4. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 5, September-October 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Confronting the Autism Epidemic: New Expectations for Children with Autism Means a New Role for Public Schools (Kate McKenna); (2) Internet Research 101: How to Help Middle…

  5. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 20, Number 3, May-June 2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Taking Care of Novice Teachers: Researchers Suggest How Administrators Can Keep Their Newer Teachers Teaching and Maintain a First-Rate Faculty (Reino Makkonen); (2) Assessing…

  6. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 2, March-April 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walser, Nancy, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Hybrid Schools for the iGeneration: New Schools Combine "Bricks" and "Clicks" (Brigid Schulte); (2) Dual Language Programs on the Rise: "Enrichment" Model Puts Content Learning…

  7. Psychology is social: exploring universals in performance capacity and performance style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fathali M. Moghaddam

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Our goal in this discussion is to map out a scientifically legitimate and practical path toward internationalizing the social psychology curriculum. Toward developing an appropriate conceptual framework, we distinguish between the study of two different types of performance: performance capacity, how well isolated individuals can perform tasks as determined bytheir physical characteristics, and performance style, the way things are done through collaborative meaning making. Whereas performance capacity can be explained causally, performance style is best explained through normative accounts. Social psychology has largely approachedquestions of performance style by applying a reductionist and causal framework. We highlight the alternative approach reflected in the cultural-narrative turn and identifysub-research areas that need to be strengthened in order to internationalize psychology. -- La psicología es social: explorando universales en la capacidad y el estilo del desempeño Nuestro objetivo es proponer un camino científicamente legítimo y práctico hacia la internacionalizacióndel currículo de la psicología social. Al desarrollar una estructura conceptual apropiada, distinguimos entre el estudio de dos tipos de desempeño: la capacidad de desempeño,es decir, cuán bien los individuos aislados pueden llevar a cabo tareas determinadas por sus características físicas, y el estilo de desempeño, es decir, el modo en que las cosas serealizan a partir de tener un significado colaborativo. Mientras que la capacidad de desempeño puede ser explicada causalmente, el estilo de desempeño es mejor explicado a través de justificaciones narrativas. La psicología social se ha aproximado principalmente a las cuestiones del estilo de desempeño aplicando una estructura reduccionista y causal. Destacamos el enfoque alternativo reflejado en el turno cultural-narrativo e identificamos subáreas de investigación que necesitan ser reforzadas para

  8. [A study on the psychological state of nurse-students of a university in affected areas of Wenchuan earthquake].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hong; Feng, Ling; Shen, Wen-Wu; Guo, Hong-Xia

    2009-10-01

    The 8.0-magnitude earthquake that struck Wenchuan County in Sichuan was the most destructive earthquake to hit China since the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949. It caused great environmental harm and property damage, and brought considerable psychological stress and emotional problems to many in the population. This study was designed to investigate the psychological state of nursing students studying at a university located within the Wenchuan earthquake zone. Nurses were recruited using a striated cluster sampling approach. The study was conducted using a self-designed questionnaire, Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) and Coping Style Questionnaire. Most (68.8%) participants lacked sufficient knowledge regarding the earthquake, and the social support condition of college nursing students was lower than the population average (p students in different class years in terms of study variables was identified. Nursing students in areas affected by the Wenchuan earthquake suffer from anxiety and depression disorders. Adequate social support represents an important intervention needed to maintain and enhance their mental health.

  9. The Relationship Between Psychological Distress, Negative Cognitions, and Expectancies on Problem Drinking: Exploring a Growing Problem Among University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obasi, Ezemenari M; Brooks, Jessica J; Cavanagh, Lucia

    2016-01-01

    Few studies have sought to understand the concurrent relationship between cognitive and affective processes on alcohol use and negative alcohol-related consequences, despite both being identified as predictive risk factors in the college population. More research is needed to understand the relationships between identified factors of problem drinking among this at-risk population. The purpose of this study was to test if the relationship between psychological distress and problem drinking among university students (N = 284; M-age = 19.77) was mediated by negative affect regulation strategies and positive alcohol-related expectancies. Two latent mediation models of problem drinking were tested using structural equation modeling (SEM). The parsimonious three-path mediated latent model was supported by the data, as evidenced by several model fit indices. Furthermore, the alternate saturated model provided similar fit to the data, but contained several direct relationships that were not statistically significant. The relationship between psychological distress and problem drinking was mediated by an extended contributory chain, including negative affect regulation and positive alcohol-related expectancies. Implications for prevention and treatment, as well as future directions, are discussed.

  10. University students' perspectives on a psychology of death and dying course: exploring motivation to enroll, goals, and impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckle, Jennifer L

    2013-10-01

    This study provides an in-depth investigation of the motivations, goals, and impact on 23 university students enrolled in a Psychology of Death and Dying course. Through a grounded theory analysis of precourse perspective and postcourse reflection assignments, several key themes emerged. Participants were motivated to enroll in the course by their self-identified lack of knowledge on the topic and its professional and personal relevance. They identified three main course goals: cognitive comfort, preparation to support others, and personal growth. At the end of the course, participants noted heightened awareness of personal mortality and increased comfort with death-related topics, as well as reduced fear, surprise at the depth of the thanatology field, and enriched context for their experiences with death and dying. The implications of the results for death educators, researchers, and students are discussed.

  11. Predicting Personality Resiliency by Psychological Well-Being and Its Components in Girl Students of Islamic Azad University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kajbafnezhad, Hadi; Khaneh Keshi, Ali

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to predict psychological resilience by psychological well-being and its components. The research sample consisted of 216 girl students who were selected through multistage random sampling. The data were collected by implementing psychological resilience and psychological well-being questionnaire and analyzed by using…

  12. Perceptions of Tutoring Roles and Psychological Distance among Instructors, Tutors and Students at a Korean University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hye-Jung; Hong, Youngil; Choi, Hyoseon

    2017-01-01

    This study explores issues related to the tutor's role when initiating tutoring as an institutional strategy at a conventional university. Based on a pilot tutoring program implemented in four college courses, we investigated the perceptions of instructors, tutors and students regarding the role of tutoring and whether it affected the…

  13. Perceptions of Tutoring Roles and Psychological Distance among Instructors, Tutors and Students at a Korean University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hye-Jung; Hong, Youngil; Choi, Hyoseon

    2017-01-01

    This study explores issues related to the tutor's role when initiating tutoring as an institutional strategy at a conventional university. Based on a pilot tutoring program implemented in four college courses, we investigated the perceptions of instructors, tutors and students regarding the role of tutoring and whether it affected the…

  14. Physical and Psychological Well-Being and University Student Satisfaction with E-Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Genevieve Marie

    2015-01-01

    Although research establishes that student characteristics exert considerable influence on learning outcomes, research concerned with e-learning satisfaction most typically focuses of factors associated with instructional design, curriculum and pedagogy. Fifty-eight first-year university e-students completed an online survey that queried their…

  15. Psychological Type and Undergraduate Student Achievement in Pharmacy Course in Military Medical University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Ru; Shan, Shou-qin; Tian, Jian-quan

    2007-01-01

    The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was given to 264 students in an undergraduate Pharmacy course at a military medical university. Selected MBTI personality types were compared for achievement in the course using a t-test to compare total points earned. High grades were earned by students stronger in the traits of introversion (I) and judgment…

  16. A Common Factors Approach to Supporting University Students Experiencing Psychological Distress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surette, Tanya E.; Shier, Micheal L.

    2017-01-01

    This study empirically assessed the applicability of the common factors model to students accessing university-based counseling (n = 102). Participants rated symptoms of depression, anxiety, and somatization at intake and discharge. Therapists kept detailed session notes on client factors and therapy process variables. Data were analyzed utilizing…

  17. PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PERCEPTION AND INDERSTANDING OF TEACHERS BY UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Daniil K. Romanov; Liliya M. Dauksha

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: the paper is concerned with the problem of increasing the quality of training processes at the university. One of the ways is to increase the efficiency of educational dialogue in the system “teacher – student”. The paper presents a theoretical analysis of the problem of communication and interpersonal under standing. The authors highlight the basic functions of the other person’s image and his/her connection with the content of the joint activity. Materials and Methods: the...

  18. 高校心理实验教学之改革%Reform of Psychological Experiment Teaching in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张菊红

    2015-01-01

    Based on the reflectiion of the current psychological experiment teaching in universities,combining the reform of psychologi-cal experiment teaching in our university,we promote the teaching philosophy of “student -centered”really penetrate into the reform i-deas.We put forward specific reform measures in six aspects such as selecting classical psychological experiments,theory connecting with practice,adopting a lot of teaching measures,carrying out the projects,and establishing omnibearing evaluation system in order to provide some reference for psychological experiments teaching reform in colleges and universities.%在对当前高校心理实验教学现状反思的基础上,结合江苏师范大学心理实验教学的改革实践,将“以学生为主体”的教学理念真正渗透到改革中来的思路,提出了精选经典心理实验、理论密切联系实际、采用多种教学手段、开展课题研究、建立全方位的多元评价体系等六个方面的具体的改革措施,以期为高校的心理实验教学改革提供些许借鉴。

  19. The Role of the Islamic Education in Dealing with Psychological Effects of Social Media Networks among Students at Mu'tah University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Marayeah, Abdullah Sulaiman; Albtoosh, Zeyad Abdalateef; Al-Nawasrah, Maha Ayed

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to identify the role of the Islamic Education in dealing with the psychological effects of social media networks among students at Mu'tah University in Jordan. In order to obtain the required data, a questionnaire consists of 31 questions was used in this study. The questionnaire can be divided into three sections. The sample of…

  20. Use of Student Support Services among University Students: Associations with Problem-Focused Coping, Experience of Personal Difficulty and Psychological Distress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julal, F. S.

    2013-01-01

    Universities provide a range of problem-focused social support services to help students who are experiencing personal difficulties. The current study examines how the effectiveness of students' ("N" = 131) problem-coping style, experience of personal difficulty and psychological distress are associated with actual use of support…

  1. The Academic, Administrative, Economic, Social, and Psychological Problems Faced by Students of Textile and Clothing Major at King Abdul-Aziz University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsubyani, Noor Abdulhadi

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the academic, administrative, economic, social, and psychological problems faced by students of Textile and fabric major at King Abdul-Aziz University. To achieve this purpose, a questionnaire was designed and distributed to a sample of students in the Textile and fabric major, after the use of…

  2. The ALOUD Study: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study - Influence of biological and psychological determinants on study success in formal lifelong learning in adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gijselaers, Jérôme; Neroni, Joyce; De Groot, Renate; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2011-01-01

    Gijselaers, H. J. M., Neroni, J., De Groot, R. H. M., & Kirschner, P. A. (2011, September). The ALOUD Study: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study - Influence of biological and psychological determinants on study success in formal lifelong learning in adults. Presentation given for visit

  3. The ALOUD Study: Adult Open University Determinants Study - Influence of psychological determinants on academic achievement in formal lifelong learning in adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neroni, Joyce; De Groot, Renate; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2011-01-01

    Neroni, J., De Groot, R. H. M., & Kirschner, P. A. (2011, October). The ALOUD Study: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study - Influence of psychological determinants on academic achievement in formal lifelong learning in adults. Presentation at the second meeting of the ICO Introduction C

  4. 国立中央大学心理学学科发展史略%History of the Discipline of Psychology at National Central University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔光辉; 郭本禹

    2015-01-01

    The discipline of psychology at National Central University had a longer history than any other psychological discipline in China before 1949. It began in 1904 and lasted nearly half of a century. Its development can be divided into three stages,namely,the starting period of the department of psychology at Nanjing Normal College—Southeast University(1920—1926),the rapid development period of the department of psychology at National Central University(1927—1936),and the radical period of the department of psychology at National Central University(1937—1949). Its course of development can be described as an incremental process of “common course-educational psychology-applied psychology” with application and pragmatism highlighted.%国立中央大学心理学学科是民国时期历史最悠久的心理学学科。从1904年三(两)江师范学堂心理学课程的实施,到1949年新中国建立,历经近半个世纪的发展。它的变迁可分为三个阶段:南京高等师范学校—东南大学心理系时期(1920—1926)的起步阶段,中央大学心理学学科抗战前时期(1927—1936)的发展阶段,中央大学心理学科抗战与解放战争时期(1937—1949)的激化阶段。它表现出“公共课程—教育心理—应用心理”的变化轨迹,具有鲜明的应用特色。

  5. When Psychology Went Online: Review of "Psychological Aspects of Cyberspace: Theory, Research Applications", Edited by Azy Barak (Cambridge University Press, 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Buchanan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Azy Barak is well known for his prolific contributions to several areas of the literature dealing with psychological investigation of the Internet and related technologies, and also the exploitation of the Internet as a space in which the profession of psychology may be conducted. These efforts fall within the domain of what some call "cyberpsychology" - essentially, the application of psychology to the Internet - and that is the focus of this book. In this 300-page volume he has assembled an excellent collection of contributors, all familiar names who have done much to advance their respective fields of expertise. Many of the real pioneers in the area are represented here, bringing to the project a considerable depth and breadth of knowledge and experience. They are drawn from a variety of nations, institutions, and areas of psychology, and thus bring a variety of perspectives to the work.

  6. Predictors of international students’ psychological and sociocultural adjustment to the context of reception while studying at Aarhus University, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ozer, Simon

    2015-01-01

    psychological conditions as compared to the control group of domestic students. However, the international students reported a significantly lower level of social support. Social support and perceived discrimination were significant predictors of both psychological and sociocultural adjustment. Additionally...

  7. Psychological Center as a Foundation for the Practical Training of Clinical psychologists at the Saint-Petersburg State University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina A Burina

    2016-05-01

    In overall, the Psychological Center with its long-term experience of preparation and practical skills training for the students of the Clinical Psychology specialty, has proven its necessity, relevance, and effectiveness.

  8. STUDY ON THE MOTIVES FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSULTATION IN A UNIVERSITY POPULATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIA QUESADA

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is elaborated within the context of the following Investigation Project called: «Construction of apsychopathic profile of the population that consult for a Psicology service at the Health and Social ServiceDepartment of the Buenos Aires University».On it, it is described its advanced state, revealing: 1 the consulting population regarding its distribution: faculty ofbelonging, age and gender. 2 the most frequent consulting reasons, and finally, 3 the changes on these reasons ; itwill be taken into account the consults between 1998-2001.The information to be evaluated are the interviews of admission. The methodology is the quali-quantitive analysisof the data obtained through this material. The results will not be considered definitive as the project is under aprocess, that it is dued to end on December 2003.

  9. Comparison the Psychological Wellbeing of University Students from Hungary and Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barth Anita

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The results obtained in our research of mental distress indicators and results of conflict management strategies are consistent with the results of international studies. Students participating in the study (N=237 reached the highest average results in the field of personal growth, while we measured the lowest value in the fields of autonomy and the dominance of the enviroment. Among the mental distress indicators the students gave the highest scores for the stress. The frequency examination showed the results of the participants to fall to 40.9% of moderate-severe and severe extreme range. While among the genders, women indicate much higher stress levels. In addition, the students preferred the avoiding conflict management strategy in preference to the other four strategies. While we compared the students from the two countries we found a significant difference between the survey field of autonomy and purpose in life. We also found a notable difference among the mental distress indicators. While the students of the University of Debrecen were moderate, the students of the universities of Oradea fell in the “slight” area (in the range of stress. For the usage of conflict management strategies we found no significant differences between the two countries' students. The students from both countries preferred the avoiding strategy. This study similiar to many national and international studies indicates the high level of stress among the students. One of the most important task of a higher education institution should be the protection of the students’ mental health which would lead to an improvement on well-being and that would cause the lowering of the stress level.

  10. Psychology in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

    2011-01-01

    The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

  11. The Nature and Purposes of the University; A Discussion Memorandum. Interim Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvard Univ., Cambridge , MA. Univ. Committee on Governance.

    This report on the nature and purposes of Harvard University presents: (1) a brief overview of the present governance crisis at Harvard; (2) a discussion of the traditional values and purposes of the University; and (3) the issues facing the University. These issues include: (1) the external aspects of corporate decisions, i.e., the question of…

  12. On University Students' Psychological Barriers in Inter-personal Communications and the Adjustment%大学生人际交往心理障碍及其调适

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘倩

    2014-01-01

    人际交往问题不仅关系到大学生的学习生涯,更是大学生能否适应社会生活的重要因素。影响大学生人际交往的心理因素主要有院认知偏差、不良情绪、人格差异障碍等,而家庭教育、学校环境以及社会变革的大背景等促成了这些心理因素的产生。因此,从端正认知、驾驭情绪、完善人格、提升沟通技巧方面对人际交往心理障碍进行调适有着较好的针对性和有效性。%Interpersonal problems not only relate to university students' learning career, but also affect university students' adaptation to social life. The psychological factors affecting uni-versity students' interpersonal communications mainly include cognitive bias, bad mood, personality difference disorders, etc., while such backgrounds as family education, school environment and social change, contribute to the formation of these psycholog-ical factors. Therefore, it is targeted and effective to adjust psy-chological barriers in interpersonal communications from the im-provement of communication skills by correcting cognition, con-trolling emotion, and perfecting personality.

  13. Exploration on the Mode of Psychological Health Educa-tion in Colleges and Universities%高校心理健康教育模式探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓蕾

    2015-01-01

    With the progress of the era and the intensification of social competition, people's psychological problems become more prominent, including those of college students. Psychological health education is becoming an important part of higher educa-tion, which is directly related to students' growth and success. Starting from the main aspects of psychological health education system construction, this paper constructs a pluralistic and effec-tive mode of psychological health education for college students, in order to promote the rapid development of psychological health education in colleges and universities, and improve the psycho-logical health of college students.%随着时代的进步,社会竞争的加剧,人们心理问题变得越发突出,大学生这一群体也不例外。大学生心理健康教育正逐渐成为高校教育的重要一块,它直接关系到学生的成长成才。本文从大学生心理健康教育体系构建的主要方面出发,构建多位一体的有效大学生心理健康教育模式,促进高校心理健康教育工作快速发展,为大学生的健康心理保驾护航。

  14. Psychological correlates of university students' academic performance: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Michelle; Abraham, Charles; Bond, Rod

    2012-03-01

    A review of 13 years of research into antecedents of university students' grade point average (GPA) scores generated the following: a comprehensive, conceptual map of known correlates of tertiary GPA; assessment of the magnitude of average, weighted correlations with GPA; and tests of multivariate models of GPA correlates within and across research domains. A systematic search of PsycINFO and Web of Knowledge databases between 1997 and 2010 identified 7,167 English-language articles yielding 241 data sets, which reported on 50 conceptually distinct correlates of GPA, including 3 demographic factors and 5 traditional measures of cognitive capacity or prior academic performance. In addition, 42 non-intellective constructs were identified from 5 conceptually overlapping but distinct research domains: (a) personality traits, (b) motivational factors, (c) self-regulatory learning strategies, (d) students' approaches to learning, and (e) psychosocial contextual influences. We retrieved 1,105 independent correlations and analyzed data using hypothesis-driven, random-effects meta-analyses. Significant average, weighted correlations were found for 41 of 50 measures. Univariate analyses revealed that demographic and psychosocial contextual factors generated, at best, small correlations with GPA. Medium-sized correlations were observed for high school GPA, SAT, ACT, and A level scores. Three non-intellective constructs also showed medium-sized correlations with GPA: academic self-efficacy, grade goal, and effort regulation. A large correlation was observed for performance self-efficacy, which was the strongest correlate (of 50 measures) followed by high school GPA, ACT, and grade goal. Implications for future research, student assessment, and intervention design are discussed.

  15. Exploration on the Role of University Counselors in the Psychological Crisis Intervention of University Students%高校辅导员在大学生心理危机干预中的作用探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐乐

    2015-01-01

    The psychological crisis of the current university stu-dents has become a focus of the society. To implement psycho-logical crisis intervention is not only the need of university stu-dents' growth and development, but also the need of maintaining university stability. As forefront workers for student management, university counselors have unique advantages in timely learning about problems and psychological crisis intervention, but there are still some shortcomings. In psychological crisis intervention, counselors should master corresponding strategies and give full play to their own advantages, so as to improve the psychological health level of university students.%当前大学生心理危机问题已经成为社会公众的关注焦点,对其进行心理危机干预既是大学生成长发展的需要,也是维护高校稳定的需要。作为学生管理的一线工作者,高校辅导员在了解问题的及时性和心理危机后干预等方面具有独特优势,但同时也存在一些不足。辅导员在进行心理危机干预时应掌握相应策略,充分发挥自身优势提升大学生心理健康水平。

  16. Psychological distress and tension-type headache among health professional senior students in a historically black university in south africa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.L. Amosun

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available Studies in well-defined populations contribute to the body ofevidence that the psychosocial aspects of people’s environment can have a substantial effect on their physical health. Senior students in health professional education programs were interviewed using structured instruments to assess the prevalence of psychological distress and tension-type headaches in a young adult university population.  Almost 70%of the study sample was either at risk of becoming distressed, or already distressed with somatic or depressive symptoms. About two-thirds of thestudents reported symptoms of either tension-type headache or other typesof headache, while over 30% of all the students complained of tension-type headache. Almost 20% of the students whoreported symptoms of tension-type headache were also distressed, while another 47% were at risk of being distressed.The possible impact on the academic performance of the students and their future role as health care professionalsis discussed.

  17. Association between symptoms of temporomandibular disorders and gender, morphological occlusion, and psychological factors in a group of university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonjardim Leonardo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The purpose of this study was to find out the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD in a sample of university students and its relationship to gender, occlusion, and psychological factors. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 196 subjects, aged 18-25 years. The TMD degree was evaluated using an anamnestic questionnaire. Morphologic occlusion was evaluated according to Angle classification (classes I, II, and III. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS, a 14-item self-administered rating scale developed specifically to identify anxiety and depression in nonpsychiatric medical outpatients, was used to assess the levels of anxiety (HADSa and depression (HADSd. Statistical Analysis: The incidence of TMD level, malocclusion, anxiety, and depression in both genders was calculated as percentages. Association between TMD degree and occlusion, HADSa, and HADSd was tested using the Chi-square test. Results: According to our results, 50% of the subjects had TMD, but it was of moderate or severe degree in only 9.18% of them. No statistically significant association could be found between TMD and gender or occlusion. TMD was found to have statistically significant association with HADSa but not with HADSd. Conclusion : A high prevalence of TMD was found in this student population; however, most of the cases could be classified as mild. Of the variables studied, only HADSa had a statistically significant association with TMD.

  18. Harvard ER-2 OH laser-induced fluorescence instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wennberg, Paul O.; Anderson, James G.

    1994-01-01

    The Harvard ER-2 OH instrument is scheduled to be integrated into the NASA ER-2 high altitude aircraft ozone payload in August 1992. Design and fabrication is presently underway. This experiment is a descendant of a balloon borne instrument designed and built in the mid-1980s. The ER-2 instrument is being designed to measure OH and HO2 as part of the NASA ozone payload for the investigation of processes controlling the concentration of stratospheric ozone. Although not specifically designed to do so, it is hoped that valid measurements of OH and HO2 can be made in the remote free troposphere with this instrument.

  19. An Interpretation of the American Dream in Homeless to Harvard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏远

    2013-01-01

    As the leading figure of western countries, America has her special values. As an ideal of pursuing happiness and perfection, the American Dream becomes the motivation of them in their lives. Homeless to Harvard is a inspirational film which is based on Liz Murray’s autobiography Breaking Night. This movie tells a story about an ordinary girl suffers a hard circumstance when she grows up, but she never gives in. According to this movie, this thesis gives a brief introduction of the American Dream and explores it throughout the heroine’s touching experience, thus publicizing equality, freedom and struggle of American values and attacking abandoned attitude of life.

  20. Do law students stand apart from other university students in their quest for mental health: A comparative study on wellbeing and associated behaviours in law and psychology students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skead, Natalie K; Rogers, Shane L

    2015-01-01

    We are not producing a product, but a well-balanced person.(1) It is well-documented that law students experience higher levels of psychological distress than members of the general population and university students in other professional disciplines. In 2014, we published our findings on an empirical study identifying the correlations between law student wellbeing and student behaviour both at and away from law school. The results of the study informed the development of an evidence-based 'behavioural toolkit' to assist law students and law schools in making informed choices and decisions that promote and even improve the mental health of students. The study we undertook was not, however, limited to law students. It extended to collecting quantitative data on psychological distress and associated behaviours in psychology students. This article reports on the comparative findings of the study and provides a comparative basis for understanding the contextual influences on the wellbeing of law students.

  1. Psychological Analysis and Countermeasures on Employment of University Students%大学生就业心理分析与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐祯

    2011-01-01

    In the face of intense employment competition,what university graduates should do good psychological preparation for employment,how to help them to go out of the mental errors of employment,overcome psychological problems existing in the employment process,and eliminate the psychological shadow of the unemployed are very important.This paper analyzes the above issues.%面对激烈的就业竞争,大学毕业生该如何做好就业心理准备、走出就业心理误区、克服就业过程中存在的心理问题、消除未就业的心理阴影,对此进行了分析。

  2. On How University Counselors Improve the Effectiveness of Psychological Counseling for University Students%高校辅导员如何提升大学生心理辅导效能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    班小红; 袁海宇; 孙英琨

    2015-01-01

    To improve counselors' counseling skills is an impor-tant way to ensure the effectiveness of psychological counseling for university students. Starting from the role of counselors in u-niversity students' psychological counseling, this paper focuses on the realistic predicament of counselors in university students' psychological counseling, and explores the solutions to the predicament from the perspective of psychological counseling skills, including enhancing learning and training, maintaining self-awareness and seeking supporting systems.%提升辅导员的辅导技能是保障大学生心理辅导效能的重要途径。本文从辅导员在大学生心理辅导中的作用入手,着重阐述了辅导员在大学生心理辅导中的现实困境,并从心理辅导技能视角探索了问题的解决之道:加强学习和培训、保持自我觉察、寻求支持系统。

  3. Influence Factors of Psychological Empowerment among the Teachers in Universities and Colleges%高校教师心理授权影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱丽蕊; 王烈; 秦鹏; 王雁菊; 岳丹琪

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查高校教师心理授权的基本状况,分析组织支持感、组织认同、主管承诺等变量对心理授权的影响。方法利用心理授权量表、组织支持感量表、组织认同问卷、主管承诺问卷对6所高校的1500名教师进行调查。结果高校教师心理授权平均分为(60.09±14.21)分。心理授权与组织支持感、组织认同、主管承诺呈正相关(r分别为0.671、0.764、0.708,P均<0.05)。组织支持感、组织认同、主管承诺对心理授权的解释变异度为86.5%。结论高校教师心理授权水平较高,组织支持感、组织认同、主管承诺对心理授权具有预测作用。%Objective to analyze the basic situation of university and college teachers′psychological empowerment,and investigate the effect of perceived organizational support,organizational identification,supervisory commitment on psychological empowerment. Methods the instruments which were used include perceived organizational support questionnaire(POS),organizational identification questionnaire(OIQ),supervisory com-mitment scale(SCS)and psychological empowerment scale(PES). A total number of 1 500 teachers were recruited conveniently from 6 university and colleges. Results the average score of psychological empowerment was 60.09±14.21. Positive correlation was found among perceived organiza-tional support,organizational identification,supervisory commitment and psychological empowerment(P < 0.05). Perceived organizational support, organizational identification and supervisory commitment explained 86.5% of variance of psychological empowerment. Conclusion Overall level of university and college teachers′psychological empowerment is in moderate or above degree. Perceived organizational support,organizational identifi-cation,and supervisory commitment can predict a deep level of psychological empowerment.

  4. Harvard Observing Project (HOP): Involving Undergraduates in Research Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bieryla, Allyson

    2017-01-01

    The Harvard Observing Project (HOP) is designed to get students excited about observational astronomy while collecting data valuable to the scientific community. The primary goal is to give undergraduates a chance to try out observing with “no strings attached”. Observations are led by experienced observers, mostly graduate students. This not only gives graduate students extra opportunities to interact and teach undergraduates, but also a chance for them to get more observing experience. Each semester, we choose an interesting target and monitor it each week over the course of the semester using Harvard University’s 16-inch DFM Clay Telescope. These observing projects often produce large amounts of data. This provides an excellent dataset for a young undergraduate to analyze. Some successful semester-long observing projects have included variable stars, supernova and binary systems. Short-term projects have included exoplanet candidate followup, asteroid and comet followup and collaborating with the Pro-Am White Dwarf Monitoring (PAWM) project in attempts to detect a transiting Earth-sized planet orbiting a white dwarf. Each dataset is an opportunity for an undergraduate to be introduced to scientific research and present the results to the community.

  5. Harvard Observing Project monitoring of Boyajian's Star (KIC 8462852)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumer, Clea F.; Vanderburg, Andrew; Bieryla, Allyson; Carmichael, Theron; Garrison, Lehman H.; Huang, Jane; Lewis, John; Mayo, Andrew; Alam, Munazza; Gomez, Sebastian; Kamdar, Harshil; Yuan, Sihan; Cordova, Rodrigo

    2017-01-01

    Between 2009 and 2013, the Kepler spacecraft observed ~200,000 stars, repeatedly measuring their brightness to look for regular dimmings that could indicate the presence of a transiting planet (Borucki et al. 2010). This endeavor led to the discovery of thousands of planets. However, the data pertaining to one star, KIC 8462852, nicknamed “Tabby's Star” or “Boyajian's Star" indicated sporadic dimmings thought to be resulting from massive, evolving, and erratic shapes passing in front of the star (Boyajian et al. 2016, Wright and Sigurdsson 2016). Additional observations have indicated that KIC 8462852 has faded by approximately 20% over the past century (Wright and Sigurdsson 2016). Kepler is now observing other areas of space, and consequently, ground-based efforts have emerged in order to continue tracking the brightness of KIC 8462852. The Harvard Observing Project (HOP) is an observational astronomy initiative that engages undergraduate students and provides graduate students with the opportunity to lead sessions of data collection. During the fall 2016 semester, HOP will be observing KIC 8462852 in BVRI filters using Harvard's 16-inch DFM Clay telescope. We will present a light curve of the star spanning the course of three months.

  6. The 1951 Harvard student uprising against the intern match.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Don K; Hendren, W Hardy

    2017-06-01

    In the fall of 1951, a group of Harvard medical students led by W. Hardy Hendren, III organized a national movement against the newly instituted match that would assign graduating seniors to hospital internship programs. Before then, hospitals with intern positions to fill rushed to secure commitments from students, who in turn accepted the first decent offer that came their way. Knowing that students could not risk waiting for a better offer, hospitals pushed them into making early commitments. When some students began getting offers in their junior and sophomore years, medical schools, professional groups, and hospitals organized the National Inter-association Committee on Internships to deal with the issue. The intern match was thus organized and scheduled to take place in 1952. When the plan was announced in mid-October 1951, Hendren recognized that the proposed algorithm placed students at a disadvantage if they did not get their first choice of hospitals. Facing resistance at every step from the National Inter-association Committee on Internships and putting his standing at Harvard Medical School at risk, Hendren led a nationwide movement of medical students to change the procedure to one that favored students' choices. Their success <1 month later established in the inaugural match the fundamental ethic of today's National Resident Matching Program to favor students' preferences at every step of the process. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Development Capacity of University based on Organization Psychological Capital Theory%基于组织心理资本的高校发展能力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈威燕; 李强; 王智宁

    2015-01-01

    According to the long-term direction of the development of college, organization psychological capital plays a crucial role in promoting the development ability and realizing the goals in university. At present, the problem of university meet is the development ability being limited to the traditional resources. Based on the theory of psychological capital, the paper expands the concept of psychological capital from individual level to organizational level to build the model of the development ability in college. Firstly , the connotation of psychological capital which in organization level is defined. Secondly, combined with the organization attributes and the bear-function of university, we point out that the development ability of university have four respects, including talent-training ability, scientific-output ability, management ability and social influence ability. Thirdly, the four dimensions system of development ability in university is set up. Finally, because organization psychological capital is benefit to university development, we believe that organization psychological capital is the new perspective of college management, the internal motivation to drive human resource effectiveness and the strategic resources to realize the goals of university, followed which we explore the influence of organization psychological capital to four dimensions system. As a result, we provide a new prospective to promote the development ability of university, at the same time obtain appropriate breakthrough in the application of psychological capital theory.%高校的发展目标具有长期导向,组织心理资本是高校提升发展能力和实现发展目标的关键。针对高校目前发展能力普遍受限于传统资源的问题,基于心理资本理论,将心理资本概念从个体层面拓展到组织层面,构建基于组织心理资本的高校发展能力模型。首先,界定组织层面心理资本的内涵;其次,结合高校的组织

  8. The contribution of William James to the origins of "scientific" psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreri, Antonio M

    2006-01-01

    This paper illustrates the specific nature of the contribution made by the psychology of William James to the construction of modern scientific psychology. Universally recognized as the father of American scientific psychology, William James still remains a much-debated scientist, mainly for two reasons. First, he was interested in subjects that were often very far from the narrow and traditional approaches taken by the greater part of his contemporary colleagues. Secondly, in order to enlighten psychological issues, he continued to adopt multidisciplinary contributions, rather than selecting only those that stemmed from experimental and specifically laboratory contexts. James has been recently inserted in the more complex international consortium of psychologists, psychiatrists, physicians, psychotherapists, and philosophers that has been called "the French-Swiss-English-and-American psychotherapeutic alliance." This does in reality seem a more appropriate framework for understanding the specificity of James's psychology. In order to illustrate the peculiar Jamesian way of thinking about psychological issues, this paper undertakes an examination of his classical concept of the "stream of thought." Here, in fact, many different contributions converge in defining and outlining "the primary fact of consciousness"--personal, subjective, and introspective observation; philosophical arguments; "mental experiments," and psychopathological experiences; but, most of all, neurological data derived specifically from brain physiology. This last contribution has been too often underestimated, as has also the background of James's training in the development of experimental psychology, neurology, and physiology at Harvard before 1890. The paper concludes with the assertion that James represents the prototype of a new way of defining the scientific quality of modern psychology, far from the narrow definition given by the laboratory experimentalists fresh from the German

  9. Using a cognitive architecture for addressing the question of cognitive universals in cross-cultural psychology: The example of awalé

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    A central theme in cross-cultural psychology is the extent to which cognitive mechanisms are universal, or, alternatively, are specific to a given culture. We propose a new way to tackle this question: to use the same cognitive architecture, implemented as a computer program, for simulating phenomena in which individuals from different cultures perform a task familiar to their own culture. The CHREST architecture (Gobet et al., 2001; Gobet & Simon, 2000) has simulated a number of empirical ph...

  10. The Influences of Leadership Style and School Climate to Faculty Psychological Contracts: A Case of S University in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Hui-Chin; Fu, Chi-Jung

    2006-01-01

    This study was to investigate the impacts of leadership style and school climate on faculty psychological contracts. Demographic variables were also tested. The findings indicated that overall perceptions of the faculties toward leadership style, school climate, and psychological contract were favorable. Moreover, leadership style and school…

  11. Psychology Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderssen, Arthur

    2003-01-01

    Describes the design of the University of Texas Austin's Seay Psychology and Child Development & Family Relationships building. With modern technique and materials, the Seay building adds to the established architectural language of the campus, offering a richly tactile structure and adjoining outdoor space embracing the tenets of successful…

  12. The Effectiveness of Group Training of CBT-Based Stress Management on Anxiety, Psychological Hardiness and General Self-Efficacy Among University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molla Jafar, Hamdam; Salabifard, Seddigheh; Mousavi, Seyedeh Maryam; Sobhani, Zahra

    2015-09-28

    Admission to university is a very sensitive period of life for efficient, active, and young workforces in any country, and it is mostly associated with many changes in social and human relationships. These changes lead to anxiety in students. Moreover, humans need certain functions in order to adaptively deal with different life situations and challenges. By training stress management, these functions can help human acquire the required abilities. The present study was aimed at investigating the effectiveness of stress management training in anxiety, psychological hardiness, and general self-efficacy among university students. The study was a quasi-experimental intervention (pretest-posttest-follow-up) including a control group, it was a fundamental applied study. The statistical population consisted of all students of Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran. Convenient sampling was employed to select 30 students who were divided into an experimental group (n=15) and a control group (n=15). Before stress management training, both groups filled out Beck Anxiety Inventory, Long and Goulet scale of psychological hardiness, and General Self-efficacy Scale (GSE-10). Afterwards, the experimental group was provided with stress management training. And after the experiment, the abovementioned questionnaires and scales were responded by the two groups. Finally the collected data were analyzed and compared using one-way MANOVA. The results of MANOVA indicated that there was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of anxiety, hardiness, and general self-efficacy (pstress management among university students cause anxiety to drop; moreover, it enhances their psychological hardiness and self-efficacy. In regard with the role and importance of stress management, training this skill should be included in educational plans of university.

  13. Factors influencing knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate Medical, Nursing and Psychology students of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igwe, Monday N; Bakare, Muideen O; Agomoh, Ahamefule O; Onyeama, Gabriel M; Okonkwo, Kevin O

    2010-06-13

    Knowledge and awareness about childhood autism is low among health care workers and the general populace in Nigeria. Poor knowledge about childhood autism among final year medical, nursing and psychology students who would form tomorrow's child health care professionals can compromise early recognition and interventions that are known to improve prognosis in childhood autism. Educational factors that could be influencing knowledge about childhood autism among these future health care professionals are unknown. This study assessed knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate medical, nursing and psychology students in south-eastern Nigeria and determined the factors that could be influencing such knowledge. One hundred final year undergraduate students were randomly selected from each of the Departments of Medicine, Nursing Science and Psychology respectively of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria making a sample size of three hundred. A socio-demographic questionnaire and knowledge about childhood autism among health workers (KCAHW) questionnaire were administered to the students. The total mean score for the three groups of students on the KCAHW questionnaire was 10.67+/-3.73 out of a possible total score of 19, with medical, nursing and psychology students having total mean scores of 12.24+/-3.24, 10.76+/-3.50 and 9.01+/-3.76 respectively. The mean scores for the three groups showed statistically significant difference for domain 1 (p=0.000), domain 3 (p=0.029), domain 4 (p=0.000) and total score (p=0.000), with medical students more likely to recognise symptoms and signs of autism compared to nursing and psychology students. The mean score in domain 2 did not show statistically significant difference among the three groups (p=0.769). The total score on the KCAHW questionnaire is positively correlated with the number of weeks of posting in psychiatry (r=0.319, p=0.000) and the number of weeks of posting in paediatrics (r=0.372, p=0

  14. The factor structures and correlates of PTSD in post-conflict Timor-Leste: an analysis of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tay, Alvin Kuowei; Mohsin, Mohammed; Rees, Susan; Steel, Zachary; Tam, Natalino; Soares, Zelia; Baker, Jessica; Silove, Derrick

    2017-05-22

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most widely assessed form of mental distress in cross-cultural studies conducted amongst populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement. Nevertheless, there have been longstanding concerns about the universality of PTSD as a diagnostic category when applied across cultures. One approach to examining this question is to assess whether the same factor structure can be identified in culturally diverse populations as has been described in populations of western societies. We examine this issue based on an analysis of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) completed by a large community sample in conflict-affected Timor-Leste. Culturally adapted measures were applied to assess exposure to conflict-related traumatic events (TEs), ongoing adversities, symptoms of PTSD and psychological distress, and functional impairment amongst a large population sample (n = 2964, response rate: 82.4%) in post-conflict Timor-Leste. Confirmatory factor analyses of the ICD-10, ICD-11, DSM-IV, four-factor Emotional Numbing and five-factor Dysphoric-Arousal PTSD structures, found considerable support for all these models. Based on these classifications, concurrent validity was indicated by logistic regression analyses which showed that being a woman, trauma exposure, ongoing adversity, severe distress, and functional impairment were all associated with PTSD. Although symptom prevalence estimates varied widely based on different classifications, our study found a general agreement in PTSD assignments across contemporary diagnostic systems in a large conflict-affected population in Timor-Leste. Further studies are needed, however, to establish the construct and concurrent validity of PTSD in other cultures.

  15. 大学生宿舍人际关系的心理研究%Psychological Research on Interpersonal Relationship in University Students' Dormitories

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许争昱

    2016-01-01

    The dormitory is an important position for university students' learning and living, so dormitory interpersonal relation-ship influences the overall development of university students' interpersonal relationship. University students' dormitory inter-personal relationship is generally favorable, but due to the exis-tence of some uncertain factors from individuals, the university and the society, dormitory interpersonal relationship is frequently inharmonious. Therefore, we must comprehensively analyze the current situation of university students' dormitory interpersonal relationship, the manifestations and causes of inharmonious in-terpersonal relationship, and propose corresponding countermea-sures from both the university and students, so as to promote the healthy psychological development of university students.%宿舍是大学生学习生活的重要场所,宿舍人际关系影响着大学生人际关系的整体发展.大学生的宿舍人际关系总体状况良好,但由于个人、学校、社会等多方面不确定因素的存在,宿舍人际关系不和谐现象时有发生.必须全面分析大学生宿舍人际关系现状、人际关系不和谐的表现及原因,从学校和学生两个方面着手提出相应对策,促进大学生心理健康发展.

  16. 团体心理辅导在高校资助育人中的作用%The Role of Group Psychological Counseling in University Funding for Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛伟丽

    2016-01-01

    高校资助育人过程当中面临的一个重要问题就是贫困生的心理问题,很多贫困生存在着自卑、焦虑等不良情绪,严重影响正常交往活动,并且不善于进行人际沟通。本文简要介绍高校贫困生的常见心理问题,并探讨团队心理辅导在解决这些心理问题,充分发挥资助育人体系作用过程当中的价值。%An important issue in University funding education process is facing psychological problems of poor students, many poor living in the self-esteem, anxiety and other negative emotions, seriously affect the normal exchanges, and not good man-machine communication. This article briefly describes common psychological problems of poor students of colleges and universities, and to explore the counseling team in solving these psychological problems, give full play to the role of the fin-ancing system of education process value.

  17. The mediating role of social support in the relationship between psychological well-being and health-risk behaviors among Chinese university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catie CW Lai

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available While literature has displayed a link between psychological well-being (i.e. depression, hopelessness, and life satisfaction and health-risk behaviors (i.e. smoking, drinking, suicide, and physical inactivity, the mechanisms underlying this relationship have received little empirical attention. This study examines the mediation effects of social support (from family, friends, and significant others that accounted for the link. Participants were 2023 university students (47.7% male. Structural equation modeling showed partial mediation effect of social support between psychological well-being and health-risk behaviors. In particular, social support from family and friends jointly mediated about 80 percent of the effect of life satisfaction and hopelessness on drinking. These results offered novel evidence that helps improve theorizing the mechanisms of the relationship between psychological well-being and health-risk behaviors. They also highlighted the potential benefits of social support for university students to help them stay healthy. The implications of these results are discussed.

  18. The mediating role of social support in the relationship between psychological well-being and health-risk behaviors among Chinese university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Catie Cw; Ma, Cecilia Ms

    2016-07-01

    While literature has displayed a link between psychological well-being (i.e. depression, hopelessness, and life satisfaction) and health-risk behaviors (i.e. smoking, drinking, suicide, and physical inactivity), the mechanisms underlying this relationship have received little empirical attention. This study examines the mediation effects of social support (from family, friends, and significant others) that accounted for the link. Participants were 2023 university students (47.7% male). Structural equation modeling showed partial mediation effect of social support between psychological well-being and health-risk behaviors. In particular, social support from family and friends jointly mediated about 80 percent of the effect of life satisfaction and hopelessness on drinking. These results offered novel evidence that helps improve theorizing the mechanisms of the relationship between psychological well-being and health-risk behaviors. They also highlighted the potential benefits of social support for university students to help them stay healthy. The implications of these results are discussed.

  19. 团体心理辅导在大学生心理健康教育中的运用研究%Research on the Application of Group Psychological Counseling in the Psychological Health Education of Uni-versity Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁成; 李晓燕

    2015-01-01

    Transforming group counseling from a psychological counseling means to a psychological health education method, can provide help for the healthy psychological growth of universi-ty students. This paper makes a brief introduction of group psy-chological counseling, points out the model for the organization and design of group psychological counseling for university stu-dents, and explores the positive role of group psychological coun-seling in the psychological health education of university stu-dents. The writer hopes that this paper can provide help for the development of the psychological health education of university students.%团体辅导从心理咨询手段转化为心理健康教育方法,为大学生心理健康成长提供帮助。本文对团体心理辅导进行简要的叙述,说明大学生团体心理辅导活动的组织和设计模式,并从实践角度探讨了团体心理辅导在大学生心理健康教育中的应用及积极作用。希望本文能够为大学生心理健康教育的发展提供帮助。

  20. Psychological significance of calligraphy art teaching in universities%论高校书法艺术教学的心理学意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余珊; 涂继頔

    2015-01-01

    Calligraphy art teaching in universities have important psychological significance:the modal cognition of calligra-phy art can cultivate college students'good psychological quality;care experience of calligraphy personality can guide studens to active behavior;calligraphy cultural immersion of osmosis can promote college students'elegant cultural temperament.%高校书法艺术教学具有重要的心理学意义:书法艺术的情态认知可培养大学生良好的心理素质;书法人格的关怀历练可引导大学生积极的行为习惯;书法文化的濡染浸淫可提升大学生优雅的人文气质。

  1. 农林院校毕业生就业心理障碍问题探析%On Psychological Obstacles in Employment for Agricultural University Graduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚琦

    2012-01-01

    随着大学生就业形势的日益严峻,农林院校大学生就业问题更是雪上加霜,农林院校毕业生由于就业问题的困扰,导致很多就业心理障碍的产生,已经影响到高校的安全和社会的稳定。首先阐述了农业院校毕业生就业心理障碍的典型表现,其次分析了导致这些心理障碍出现的诸如就业竞争激烈、家人期望太大、有效引导不足、缺乏自我调整等原因,最后提出了推进高校教学改革、加强就业形势教育、强化就业技能指导、培养学生创业意识、重视心理健康教育等措施以推进毕业生心理问题的消除。%University graduates" employment situation is becoming increasingly severe, especially for agricultural universi ty graduates. Puzzled by employment problems, they have some psychological obstacles which have affected the security of universities and stability of society. This paper illustrates the manifestation of employment psychological obstacles and analyzes its reasons as the competition of employment, high expectation from family, insufficiency of effective guide, the lack of self adjustment and so on. Then, it proposes deepening the education reform, strengthening the employment edu cation and guidance, developing entrepreneur consciousness, offering psychological health education in colleges and uni versities to eliminate the graduates" psychological obstacles.

  2. Generalized psychological distress among HIV-infected patients enrolled in antiretroviral treatment in Dilla University Hospital, Gedeo zone, Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solomon H. Tesfaye

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Psychological disorders like depression and anxiety are potentially dangerous conditions. In the context of HIV/AIDS, this can influence health-seeking behavior or uptake of diagnosis and treatment for HIV/AIDS, add to the burden of disease for HIV patients, create difficulty in adherence to treatment, and increase the risk of mortality and morbidity. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of generalized psychological distress among HIV-infected subjects on antiretroviral treatment (ART. Design: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted. Interviews were conducted with 500 patients initiating ART at Dilla Referral Hospital. Generalized psychological distress was measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS. A cutoff score ≥19 was used to identify possible cases of patients with generalized psychological distress. Multivariable logistic regression analysis using SPSS Version 20 was performed to identify factors associated with psychological distress. Results: The prevalence of generalized psychological distress among the population of this study was 11.2% (HADS≥19. Factors independently associated with generalized psychological distress were moderate stress (OR=6.87, 95% CI 2.27–20.81, low social support (OR=10.17, 95% CI 2.85–36.29, number of negative life events of six and above (OR=3.99, 95% CI 1.77–8.99, not disclosing HIV status (OR=5.24, 95% CI 1.33–20.62, and CD4 cell count of <200 cells/mm3 (OR=1.98, 95% CI 0.45–0.83 and 200–499 cells/mm3 (OR=3.53, 95% CI 1.62–7.73. Conclusions: This study provides prevalence of psychological distress lower than the prevalence of common mental disorders in Ethiopia and comparable to some other studies in sub-Saharan Africa. The findings are important in terms of their relevance to identifying high-risk groups for generalized psychological distress and preventing distress through integrating mental health

  3. 大学生就业心理问题及对策探析%Analysis of university students' employment psychological problems and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许海波

    2013-01-01

      The university students' psychological problems of employment is closely associated with the social change ,such as social economy change, education and employment system change. The university students' psychological problems is mainly the employment of fear, the fear of inferiority and difficulty, comparisons of jealousy, following like sheep and fatalism.University graduates must put correct employment outlook and cognition , improve their occupation skills, interpersonal and frustration ability.%  大学生就业心理问题的提出是和社会经济、教育、用人制度等社会变革紧密相关联的。大学生就业心理问题主要表现有就业恐惧、畏难自卑、攀比嫉妒、盲从和宿命等心理。大学生顺利就业必须摆正就业观,树立正确就业认知,提高自己的职业技能、人际交往和挫折能力。

  4. 高校学生体育心理的分析探讨%Analysis of Colleges and University Students’ Sports Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐劲松

    2014-01-01

    Along with the reform and improvement of college education system,in the process of sports teaching in colleges and universities are paying more and more attention for students to grasp the sports psychology. Ensuring university students’ sports psychological health, enabling them to actively devote to sports,to obtain good health as well as set up positive outlook on life, is responsible for the cause of physical education teaching in colleges and universities.%随着高校教育制度的改革和完善,高校在探究体育教学的过程中越来越重视对学生体育心理的把握。保证高校学生体育心理健康,使他们能够积极地投入运动中去,获得健康体魄的同时也树立积极向上的人生观,是高校体育教育事业的责任。

  5. 普通高校新生常见心理问题分析及对策%Ordinary university freshman common psychological problem analysis and countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈玲娟

    2015-01-01

    This paper USES the college students' personality questionnaire (UPI) of a normal 2, 3086 colleges and universities just entered the university mental health survey of 2014 freshmen. Screening results: I class 179 students, 5.81% of the total, and then to track I class students psychological counseling, through statistical analysis, it is concluded that college students psychological problems mainly concentrated in adaptability and family problems. Prompt university freshmen adaptability education and college mental health education should pay attention to these two aspects.%本文采用大学生人格问卷(UPI)对某普通二本高校3086名刚进大学的2014级新生进行心理健康普查。筛查结果:I类学生179人,占总人数5.81%,然后对I类学生进行追踪心理咨询,经统计分析,得出高校新生心理问题主要集中在新生适应性问题及家庭问题。提示大学新生入学适应性教育与高校心理健康教育应当注意这两个方面。

  6. 行为心理与高校体育场馆的外部造型研究%Behavior Psychology and University Sports Venues External Shape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢艳华

    2013-01-01

    Based on the analysis of the university stadium ext-ernal shape characteristics, combined with the design of al as-pects of the psychological needs this paper researches the inner space environment and other aspects of school sports stadium construction.%本文在分析高校体育场馆外部造型特点的基础上,结合大学生对学校体育建筑设计各方面的心理需求对体育馆的内部空间环境等方面进行研究。

  7. 积极心理学视角下高校心理咨询的思考%Thoughts on the Psychological Consultation in Colleges and Universities from the Perspective of Positive Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳波

    2016-01-01

    Psychological consultation in colleges and universities is an important part of the teaching and learning of higher education in China and it has the important instruction and the promotion function to the university student 's physical and mental health development .Although the traditional psychological counseling model plays a certain role in the development of the individual , because of some disadvantages , it is difficult to adapt to the requirements of the times and social development .Positive psychology theory with a new perspective , including several aspects that are exciting the positive potential of the individual , promoting positive emotional experience , developing a posi-tive personality and using the positive social support system , will provide a new direction for the college counseling , so as to effectively improve the students'psychological health level and serve better in education and teaching in schools .%高校心理咨询是我国高等学校教育教学的重要组成部分,对高校学生的身心健康发展具有重要的指导和促进作用。传统的心理咨询模式尽管对个体的发展起到了一定的作用,但是存在一些弊端,难以适应时代和社会的发展要求。积极心理学理论以一个全新视角,从激发个体自身的积极潜能,促进积极情绪体验,培养积极人格以及利用积极社会支持系统几个方面,为高校心理咨询工作提供了新的走向,从而有效提高学生的心理健康水平,更好的服务于学校的教育教学。

  8. Integrating psychology research and behavioral management

    OpenAIRE

    Igor Elman

    2010-01-01

    Igor ElmanDepartment of Psychiatry, McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Belmont, MA, USAI am grateful that about two years ago Dove Medical Press offered me the opportunity to edit the Journal of Psychology Research and Behavior Management. I find my work on the Journal to be a very gratifying experience and I particularly enjoy its eclectic multidisciplinary qualities that, by attracting contributions from a variety of perspectives and geographic locations, help to ease the artificial b...

  9. Project for Establishing a Selected Dissemination of Information Service for the Faculty Members at Education and Psychology Faculty, University of Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamreza Fadaei

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The project aim was to establish an SDI (Selected Dissemination of Information service for the faculty members at University of Tehran, faculty of psychology and education. The project was carried out during the 2006-2007 period. First, a three stage survey was conducted to identify the information needs which were then served using a current awareness service over the period. Findings confirmed that the SDI project significantly impacted on the faculty information seeking behavior. Furthermore, there had been evidence supporting the fact that it has also influenced the quality of instruction by facilitating the overall efficacy of information sources collected. It was the intent of researchers to expand this project at later stages to include all humanities faculties in the university and if possible at a national level.

  10. Study of the Attitudes of University Students coming from Social Sciences and Psychology: Relevance of the Information and Contact with the Disabled

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Támara Polo Sánchez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to know university student´s attitudes towards people with disabilities coming from Social Sciences and Psychology, registered in subjects in which information is provided on the disability. Also it is tried to analyze the influence of the contact with disabled. One scale measured subject´s attitudes towards people with disabilities, Escala de Actitudes Hacia las Personas con Discapacidad of Verdugo, Jenaro & Arias (1995. This scale was administered to 470 student´s from University of Granada. The results showed that the students presented positive attitudes towards the disabled persons, existing differences according to the degree and being in addition excellent the fact to maintain contact with the disabled person. These findings are discussed in relation to previous research and suggestions for future research are addressed

  11. Southern Federal University in Relation to Teacher Education Modernization Project: Strategic Reflection of the Testing Results of Integrative Modules of the “Cultural-Historical Psychology and Activity Approach in Education” Research Master’s Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chernaya A. V.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the experience of a strategic reflection of the Southern Federal University participation in the project of modernization of teacher education. It analyses how theoretical, methodological and organizational-activity basis of “Cultural-Historical Psychology and Activity Approach in Education” research master’s program designed by Moscow State University of Psychology & Education relates to the strategic objectives of Southern Federal University. Priorities and forward-looking statements in the strategy for the training of specialists in education based on action-competence approach, integrative principle of educational modules construction, network forms of cooperation of educational institutions are shown. Basic methodological ideas of culturalhistorical psychology and activity theory and their applicability to the needs of modern education objectified in the draft are specially considered. The article presents the preliminary test results of integrative modules of research master’s program for Southern Federal University

  12. 辅导员参与大学生心理危机干预的方式探究%Exploration on Ways of Counselors to Participate in the Psychological Crisis Intervention for University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘瑾; 王磊

    2015-01-01

    大学生心理危机干预作为高校心理健康工作的重要内容之一,在大学生健康成长成才、维护校园和谐与稳定等方面发挥着越来越重要的作用。在教育部办公厅关于印发《普通高等学校学生心理健康教育工作基本建设标准(实行)的通知[2011]》1号文件中指出辅导员是大学生心理健康教育工作的重要力量。实际上,仅靠学校心理健康中心的几位老师担负上万学生的心理健康教育工作远远不够,辅导员队伍在心理健康教育及心理危机干预中发挥着不可替代的作用。%The psychological crisis intervention for university stu-dents, as an important content in university psychological health work, plays an increasingly important role in promoting the healthy growth of university students and maintaining campus harmony and stability. It is pointed out in the announcement on issuing"Basic Construction Standards of the Student Psychologi-cal Health Education Work in Ordinary Colleges" given out by the office of the Ministry of Education, that counselors play an important role in the psychological health education of university students. Actually, just several teachers of the psychological health center are far from meeting the need of psychological health education for thousands of students, so counselors play an irreplaceable role in psychological health education and psycho-logical crisis intervention.

  13. LAUNCHING A CAREER IN PSYCHOLOGY WITH ACHIEVEMENT AND ARROGANCE: JAMES McKEEN CATTELL AT THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, 1882-1883.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokal, Michael M

    2016-01-01

    The scientific career of eminent experimentalist and psychological tester James McKeen Cattell (1860-1944) began at the Johns Hopkins University during the year (1882-1883) he held the university's Fellowship in Philosophy. This article opens by sketching the scope of Cattell's lifetime achievement and then briefly reviews the historical attention that his life and career has attracted during the past few decades. It then outlines the origins and evolution of Cattell's "scientific ideology," traces the course of events that led to his fellowship, reviews his earliest studies at Johns Hopkins, and analyzes in some detail his initial laboratory successes. These laid the groundwork for his later distinguished work as a psychological experimentalist, both in Europe and America. It concludes, however, that even as Cattell's early experimental achievements impressed others, the personal arrogance he exhibited during his year in Baltimore served to alienate him from his colleagues and teachers. Over the long run, this arrogance and his often-antagonistic approach to others continued to color (and even shape) his otherwise distinguished more than 50-year scientific career.

  14. Universities and Corporate Social Responsibility Performance: An ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toshiba

    used as the research method while personal interview was used to ... show that CSR helps organisations, including universities to improve ... knowledge generation and sharing, play a very important role in ..... study sample included Harvard University (US), University of ..... To strengthen this social contract which allows.

  15. The Harvard Management for Lifelong Education Program: Creative Approaches to Designing a Professional Development Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baden, Clifford

    1999-01-01

    The Harvard Institute for the Management of Lifelong Education is a professional-development program for leaders in postsecondary lifelong education. It exemplifies creative design and delivery as ideas come from multiple sources and the program is continuously reinvented. (SK)

  16. Factors influencing knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate Medical, Nursing and Psychology students of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igwe Monday N

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Knowledge and awareness about childhood autism is low among health care workers and the general populace in Nigeria. Poor knowledge about childhood autism among final year medical, nursing and psychology students who would form tomorrow's child health care professionals can compromise early recognition and interventions that are known to improve prognosis in childhood autism. Educational factors that could be influencing knowledge about childhood autism among these future health care professionals are unknown. This study assessed knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate medical, nursing and psychology students in south-eastern Nigeria and determined the factors that could be influencing such knowledge. Methods One hundred final year undergraduate students were randomly selected from each of the Departments of Medicine, Nursing Science and Psychology respectively of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria making a sample size of three hundred. A socio-demographic questionnaire and knowledge about childhood autism among health workers (KCAHW questionnaire were administered to the students. Results The total mean score for the three groups of students on the KCAHW questionnaire was 10.67 ± 3.73 out of a possible total score of 19, with medical, nursing and psychology students having total mean scores of 12.24 ± 3.24, 10.76 ± 3.50 and 9.01 ± 3.76 respectively. The mean scores for the three groups showed statistically significant difference for domain 1 (p = 0.000, domain 3 (p = 0.029, domain 4 (p = 0.000 and total score (p = 0.000, with medical students more likely to recognise symptoms and signs of autism compared to nursing and psychology students. The mean score in domain 2 did not show statistically significant difference among the three groups (p = 0.769. The total score on the KCAHW questionnaire is positively correlated with the number of weeks of posting in psychiatry (r = 0.319, p = 0

  17. Psychology in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imada, Hiroshi; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko

    2016-06-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide information about Japan and its psychology in advance of the 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP), to be held in Yokohama, Japan, in 2016. The article begins with the introduction of the Japanese Psychological Association (JPA), the hosting organization of the ICP 2016, and the Japanese Union of Psychological Associations consisting of 51 associations/societies, of which the JPA is a member. This is followed by a brief description of a history of psychology of Japan, with emphasis on the variation in our approach to psychology in three different periods, that is, the pre- and post-Pacific War periods, and the post-1960 period. Next, the international contributions of Japanese psychology/psychologists are discussed from the point of view of their visibility. Education and training in psychology in Japanese universities is discussed with a final positive remark about the long-awaited enactment of the Accredited Psychologist Law in September, 2015.

  18. The longitudinal primary care clerkship at Harvard Medical School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, A S; Feins, A; Rubin, R; Seward, S; Schnaidt, K; Fletcher, R H

    2001-05-01

    The primary care clerkship (PCC) at Harvard Medical School was established in 1997. The goals are to provide students with longitudinal experiences with patients and to include modern themes in the curriculum: managing illness and clinical relationships over time; finding the best available answers to clinical questions; preventing illness and promoting health; dealing with clinical uncertainty; getting the best outcomes with available resources; working in a health care team; and sharing decision making with patients. The PCC, a required course in the clinical years, meets one afternoon a week for nine months. Students spend three afternoons per month in primary care practices, where they see three to five patients per session and follow at least one patient ("longitudinal patient") over time. Classroom sessions, in both large- and small-group formats, promote a common educational philosophy and experience, and reinforce habits of problem-based learning established in the preclinical years. The students rated 74% of their preceptors excellent, especially praising their ability to facilitate and support good interpersonal relationships with patients, their ability to encourage students' independent evaluation of patients (as opposed to shadowing), and their enthusiasm for teaching. Students saw their longitudinal patients a mean of 4.8 times; 83% saw their patients at least three times. The PCC complements the curriculum of block clerkships in hospitals, and because the two are offered concurrently, students are required to come to terms with two substantially different cultures within medicine. Other medical schools are beginning to develop longitudinal clerkships to ensure that students have essential educational experiences that are difficult to achieve in block, hospital-based clerkships.

  19. Invertendo o caminho tradicional do atendimento psicológico numa clínica-escola brasileira Inverting the traditional route of one Brazilian university psychological service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwiges Ferreira de Mattos Silvares

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Uma proposta de atendimento psicológico comportamental, invertendo-se o fluxo do cliente até à clínica-escola (em vez de este ir até ela, esta é que vai até ele, foi testada. Trinta clientes, antes e depois da intervenção, foram avaliados por meio de: (a CBCLs, (b TRFs, (c DOFs e (d índices de atenção à tarefa e interação com o professor, obtidos em vídeos das crianças em atividades acadêmicas numa sucursal da clínica-escola (uma escola pública, assim chamada por permitir os programas preventivos desta. No ver dos professores e observadores, as crianças do grupo de intervenção (n=10, do ponto de vista estatístico (p£.05, diferem significativamente das de espera (n=20, quanto ao aumento de competência social, diminuição do distúrbio total, maior tempo de atenção à tarefa e de interação com o professor, o que mostrou ser a proposta exeqüível. Mais elementos devem ser incorporados à proposta objetivando-se o envolvimento familiar e a prevenção do mau desempenho acadêmico das crianças encaminhadas.A new clinical intervention to change the client's natural route to an university psychological service was tested. Instead of the community going to the psychological service it is the service that goes to people in the community. It was developed in a psychological service branch (a school that allows psychological prevention programs from university with 30 children (clients assessed, before and after the intervention by CBCLs, TRFs and DOFs plus on indexes of attention to task and interaction with teacher, obtained from children's videos on academic activities. According to teachers and observers, all children that went through the intervention (n=10, were statistically different (p£.05 from wait control (n=20 considering: higher social competence, lower total behavioral disturbance, higher task attention and higher children-teacher interaction, showing that the proposal is feasible. New strategies shall be

  20. Relationships between Organizational Climate and Organizational Silence with Psychological Empowerment of Employees in Hospitals Affiliated with Birjand University of Medical Sciences; 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parviz Aghaie Borzabad

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Identifying factors associated with employees empowerment of their working centers can promote organizational performance of hospitals. The current study aimed at investigating the relationship of both organizational climate and organizational silence with psychological empowerment in the public hospitals affiliated with Birjand University of Medical Sciences (BUMS. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional and correlational study was carried out in 2015. Using a stratified randomized sampling, 400 employees were selected from the public. hospitals affiliated with BUMS.  Data collection tools were. three self-administered questionnaires including organizational climate, organizational silence, and psychological empowerment. . Validity and reliability of the questionnaires were verified using experts judgment and Cronbach alpha coefficients more than 0.7, respectively. Data analysis was done by means of SPSS (V: 18 software using one sample t test, independent t test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and one-way ANOVA. The cut-off point of 70%.of Likert-type scale (3.5 was considered as an acceptable mean for each variable. Results: The mean organizational climate and organizational silence was 2.45 and 3.18, respectively which did not correspond with an acceptable mean (P<0.05. Although the mean psychological construct which was 3.6 had an acceptable value, mean of the two other sub-variables i.e. “trust to others” and “self-determination” were 3.2±0.83 and 3.42±0.67, respectively; and they were not at an acceptable level (P<0.05. It is observed that both organizational climate and organizational silence were positively correlated to psychological empowerment with 0.6 and 0.58 coefficients, respectively (P<0.05. Conclusion:  It is suggested that the hospitals administrators should promote the psychological empowerment of their employees  through improving organizational climate and decreasing organizational

  1. What to Read on Love, not Sex: Freud, Fiction, and the Articulation of Truth in Modern Psychological Science

    OpenAIRE

    Miyawaki, Edison M.D.

    2012-01-01

    What to Read on Love, not Sex examines Sigmund Freud’s career-long reliance on tragedy, myth, scripture, and art to articulate a psychology of love. The author, a neurologist and psychiatrist at Harvard, rethinks Freud’s relevance for modern psychology.

  2. On the Application of Positive Psychological Health Edu-cation in the Guidance of University Students' Abnormal Psychology%积极心理健康教育在大学生异常心理引导中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨曼婷

    2016-01-01

    Without timely diagnosis and treatment, various psy-chological disorders of university students will bring severe con-sequences to them and even turn into campus vicious incidents. Positive psychological health education can not only relieve stu-dents' psychological problems, but cultivate their positive and healthy psychological morality. Its core idea is to construct stu-dents' powerful psychological defense to solve various negative psychological problems by establishing the character strengths u-niversity students possess and subjective well-being. It has pro-vided a brand new perspective of study on the current university psychological health education and expanded an idea of study on psychological health education of university students.%大学生各种心理异常问题如果没有得到及时的发现和治疗,会带给学生严重的后果,甚至酿成校园恶性事件。积极心理健康教育不仅仅可以帮助学生解除各种心理问题,而且可以培养学生具有积极健康的心理品德。其核心思想是通过建立大学生特有的性格优势与主观幸福感来构建学生强大的心理防线,解决各种消极心理问题,给予了当前高校心理健康教育一个全新的研究视角,开拓了大学生心理健康教育的研究思路。

  3. 大学生心理自我保健能力发展研究%Study on Psychological Self-care Ability of University Student

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇; 李玲

    2012-01-01

    The aim is to know the development and feature of psychological self-care ability of university student. Its Methods are to investigate arandom sample of 166 university undergraduates with self-compiled questionnaire survey, and access to the data of descriptive statistics and independent samples t-test. Its Results are the level of sense of psychological self-care is significantly higher than mean (t=9.412, P〈.01). There was no significant difference between the sexes, and between the origin (P〉. 05),but significant between professional (t=3. 258, P〈. 01). proportion of students who have psychological problems in the last 4 years has decreased obviously (2=15.77, P 〈.01).Most students ask family and friends for help (74.7%), and 44.6% of the students choosetotaikout negative emotions. Its Conclusion isthe level of sense of psychological self-care is Relatively high, and the psychological Self-care behavior is positive ,with tendency to inner explore. The Professional psychological services is underutilized.%目的:了解当前大学生心理自我保健能力发展现状及特点。方法:随机抽取某大学在校本科生166人,采用自编问卷进行调查,通过spss16.0对数据进行描述统计与独立样本t检验。结果:样本群体心理自我保健意识水平明显高于平均值(t=9.412,P〈0.01),性别之间、籍贯之间差异不显著(P〉.05),专业之间差异显著(t=3.258,P〈0.01);遇到心理困扰时大多学生选择向家人朋友求助(74.7%),学生最常采用的不良情绪宣泄途径是倾诉44.6%)。结论:样本群体心理自我保健意识水平较高,自我保健行为较为积极,并出现内在探索倾向,对学校专业心理服务利用度偏低。

  4. A Survey into the Psychological Condition of Normal Uni-versity Students in Job-hunting%师范生就业心理调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢叶霜; 陈忠余; 庄丽; 徐雅纶; 孙永明

    2014-01-01

    当前师范生就业困难越来越大,就业率越来越低。师范生对就业的认识、择业价值观、自身的专业技能等方面都存在一定的问题。建议师范生应正确认识就业形势,增强专业素质,促进自身就业心理健康。%Nowadays, normal university students face increasing difficulties in job-hunting as employment rate keeps falling. Nor-mal university students have problems in such aspects as their recognition towards employment, value system in job-hunting, insufficient professional skills and so on. It is advised that normal university students should have a proper understanding of em-ployment situation, improve professional skills and promote psy-chological health in job-hunting.

  5. Problematic Internet Use among Greek university students: an ordinal logistic regression with risk factors of negative psychological beliefs, pornographic sites, and online games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frangos, Christos C; Frangos, Constantinos C; Sotiropoulos, Ioannis

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationships between Problematic Internet Use (PIU) among university students in Greece and factors such as gender, age, family condition, academic performance in the last semester of their studies, enrollment in unemployment programs, amount of Internet use per week (in general and per application), additional personal habits or dependencies (number of coffees, alcoholic drinks drunk per day, taking substances, cigarettes smoked per day), and negative psychological beliefs. Data were gathered from 2,358 university students from across Greece. The prevalence of PIU was 34.7% in our sample, and PIU was significantly associated with gender, parental family status, grade of studies during the previous semester, staying or not with parents, enrollment of the student in an unemployment program, and whether the student paid a subscription to the Internet (p advertisement sites, Google, Yahoo!, their e-mail, ftp, games, and blogs more than non-problematic Internet users. PIU was also associated with other potential addictive personal habits of smoking, drinking alcohol or coffee, and taking drugs. Significant risk factors for PIU were being male, enrolment in unemployment programs, presence of negative beliefs, visiting pornographic sites, and playing online games. Thus PIU is prevalent among Greek university students and attention should be given to it by health officials.

  6. The learning type makes the difference - the interrelation of Kolb's learning styles and psychological status of preclinical medical students at the University of Erlangen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burger, Pascal H; Scholz, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Theories on learning styles and types have been integral to discussions on the basics of teaching for nearly 40 years. The learning style typology of Kolb divides learners into four groups (Diverger, Assimilator, Converger and Accomodator), which differ both in terms of their learning behaviour as well as personality and preferences. We studied the sense of coherence and burnout symptoms in medical students of the preclinical semesters (1(st) to 4(th) semester) at the Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen within the context of the observed learning styles. A total of 530 students were interviewed in winter semester 2012/13 using standardized psychometric questionnaires. Our students showed a significant correlation between the respective learning styles and expression of a sense of coherence, as well as cognitive and emotional burnout symptoms. The learning styles of the students differed significantly within these same parameters. We also demonstrated that learning styles and types not only influence study performance, but that there are also relationships to sense of coherence and psychological ailments. A more forward-looking integration of the theory of learning types in the medical education curriculum could positively influence both the performance and psychological well-being of the students.

  7. Non-state-run University Students' Psychological Problems Analysis%民办高校学生心理问题分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵宇

    2011-01-01

    民办高校为学生提供了更多的受教育的机会,但民办学校的学生存在各种问题,本文就笔者以在民办高校两年的教学经验对民办高校学生的各种心理现象做分析,并讨论其解决办法,其内容包括研究其现象的原因,提升学生自信心的重要性以及教师要采取的一些办法,以便准确把握学生心理,因材施教,有的放矢,提高效率,使学生成材,成为一个身心健康、乐观积极、生活愉快的人.%Private universities provide students with more education opportunities. But students of private schools are existing problems, this article is the author who has two years teaching experience of private colleges analyses students' psychological phenomenon and discusses its solutions. Its content is including reaching phenomenon; the importance of enhancing students' self-confidence and the teachers should adopt some measures for knowing student psychology, teaching students according to their aptitude, targeted, to improve efficiency, and make students to become a physical and mental health person with positive and optimistic attitude, leading a happy life.

  8. The learning type makes the difference – the interrelation of Kolb's learning styles and psychological status of preclinical medical students at the University of Erlangen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burger, Pascal H.; Scholz, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Theories on learning styles and types have been integral to discussions on the basics of teaching for nearly 40 years. The learning style typology of Kolb divides learners into four groups (Diverger, Assimilator, Converger and Accomodator), which differ both in terms of their learning behaviour as well as personality and preferences. We studied the sense of coherence and burnout symptoms in medical students of the preclinical semesters (1st to 4th semester) at the Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen within the context of the observed learning styles. A total of 530 students were interviewed in winter semester 2012/13 using standardized psychometric questionnaires. Our students showed a significant correlation between the respective learning styles and expression of a sense of coherence, as well as cognitive and emotional burnout symptoms. The learning styles of the students differed significantly within these same parameters. We also demonstrated that learning styles and types not only influence study performance, but that there are also relationships to sense of coherence and psychological ailments. A more forward-looking integration of the theory of learning types in the medical education curriculum could positively influence both the performance and psychological well-being of the students. PMID:25489342

  9. 催眠疗法在大学生心理辅导中的应用%Application of Hypnotic Therapy in Psychological Counseling University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石刚

    2009-01-01

    大学生心理问题日益引起各方面的关注;作为一项卓有成效的治疗技术和一门深入心灵的学问,催眠心理疗法近年来倍受研究者和临床治疗师的瞩目.将催眠疗法应用在大学生团体心理辅导和个案咨询中会起到突出的效果,也具有深远的意义.%In rencent years, psychological problems of university students have become increasingly at-tracted attention from all sides; and researchers and clinical therapists focus more attention on hypono-sis. It's effective and significant for us to apply hypnotic therapy to group training and case study.

  10. "By the End of the Course All Students Should Know...": Setting Coherent Aims for the Teaching of Psychology in School, College and University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowley, Martin

    2008-01-01

    As J. Radford (2008) points out in "Psychology in its place," the question of what role psychology should play in Higher Education is merely a subsection of the question, what is (Higher) Education for? In light of the large number of psychology undergraduates who do not go on to pursue careers in psychology, Radford argues cogently for…

  11. Methods of Psychological and Pedagogical Accompaniment of First-Year Students in Process of Adapting to Learning at University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maralova, Tatyana P.; Filipenkova, Olesya G.; Galitskikh, Elena O.; Shulga, Tatiana I.; Sidyacheva, Natalya V.; Ovsyanik, Olga A.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the study is conditioned by the complexity of students' adaptation to learning at University due to the change of social environment, an alarming feelings about the precise self-determination, lack of knowledge in opportunities for self-expression in art, science, sport and public life. The purpose of the paper is to identify…

  12. The Effect of Response Cards on Participation and Weekly Quiz Scores of University Students Enrolled in Introductory Psychology Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Michael C.; Woodard, Camille

    2007-01-01

    Increasing student participation in college classrooms is an overlooked yet socially valid endeavor. The present study attempted to increase student participation, accuracy of responding, and weekly quiz scores, by incorporating student response-cards. Measures of social validity were also addressed. One hundred twenty university students in two…

  13. Study on the Feature of Architectural Ornament of West China Union University - takeThe Whiting Memorial Administration Building and The Lamont Library and Harvard-Yenching Museum for example%华西坝历史建筑装饰特征探究--以怀德堂、懋德堂为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文颖; 李沄璋; 曹毅

    2014-01-01

    华西坝古建筑的装饰题材广泛,大胆有趣,具有很高的艺术成就,在当今文化大融合的时代,对其建筑装饰进行深入研究有助于使我们深入了解特定历史时期内外国建筑师对中西方建筑文化的理解以及在建筑设计实践上的独特尝试。其成功经验对于现代建筑创作也有着很强的借鉴意义。%The architectural ornament of West China Union University is extensive, interesting and has high artistic accomplishment. In this age of great cultural amalgamation, this research helps us deeply understand the concept that the foreign architects have in Chinese and Western architecture and their practice in design in that specific historical period of time. Their successful experience also has a great significance for the modern architectural creation.

  14. Psychological.pm6

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adele

    Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa ..... inactivity and the avoidance of physical exercise in .... Mood and anxiety ... individuals with chronic pain: the moderating role of pain duration. Pain 2004 ...

  15. Mainstreaming culture in psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Fanny M

    2012-11-01

    Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural personality assessment, the author discusses the inadequacies of sole reliance on either the etic or the emic approach and points out the advantages of a combined emic-etic approach in bridging global and local human experiences in psychological science and practice. With the blurring of the boundaries between North American-European psychologies and psychology in the rest of the world, there is a need to mainstream culture in psychology's epistemological paradigm. Borrowing from the concept of gender mainstreaming that embraces both similarities and differences in promoting equal opportunities, the author discusses the parallel needs of acknowledging universals and specifics when mainstreaming culture in psychology. She calls for building a culturally informed universal knowledge base that should be incorporated in the psychology curriculum and textbooks.

  16. How to effectively promote universities and research institutes in the network? Psychological mechanisms of e-marketing effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karol Wolski

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Universities and research institutes more and more often resort to promotion tools up till now used mainly in business. Omnipresent market competition has reached also the area of science, where more and more often the fight for students and money for scientific research takes place. Competition among science institutions is additionally stimulated by demographic factors – the gradual aging of the European society. As data from the Central Statistical Office show, the number of peopled aged 19-24 in Poland will drop from 2,817,000 in 2015 to 2,135,000 in 2025. The reduction of the number of young people will substantially boost competition between universities. Their success, similarly as success in business will depend to an ever greater extent on the quality of conducted marketing activities. Education and research have become a product which, just like any other product, has to „fight” for the client.

  17. A Case Study of Psychological Distress of Employment among University Students%高校大学生就业心理困扰的个案研究与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭志峰

    2011-01-01

    大学生就业问题一直备受社会关注,而由各种心理问题所带来的就业困扰已成为目前高校心理健康教育的重要内容.本文从实际案例出发,运用心理辅导理论技术,对大学生的就业困扰心理进行辅导和分析,探讨解决高校大学生心理困扰的途径和方法.%The socity is always focus on the employment issues of university students, and these psychological distress are imporant elements in the university mental healthy education. This article analyzes counseling skill for a university student of the employment issues, finding ways to slove the psychological distress of university students.

  18. 大学生心理健康教育工作困境及应对策略探索%Exploration on Difficulties and Countermeasures of Psy-chological Health Education for University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高浩

    2016-01-01

    Relying on the experience in university psychological health education, this paper summarizes the difficulties in the general psychological survey on university students, the imple-mentation of psychological health education course, and students' psychological counseling, and also explores the countermeasures to cope with the problems and to improve the psychological health education for university students.%本文以高校心理健康教育工作经验为依托,对高校心理健康教育工作中的大学生心理普查、心理健康教育课程开展、学生心理咨询工作等各个方面工作所遇到的困境进行总结归纳,并对相关问题的应对策略以及未来大学生心理健康教育工作的完善进行探索。

  19. New Life for Old Data: Digitization of Data Published in the Harvard Annals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Templeton, M. R.; Saladyga, M.; Paxson, K. B.; Stine, R. J.; Froschlin, C.; Rupp, A.

    2012-06-01

    (Abstract only) We describe the volunteer-driven project to digitize published visual observations found in the Annals of the Harvard College Observatory, the publication of record for Harvard's variable star data archives prior to the founding of the AAVSO. The addition of published data from the 19th and early 20th centuries to the AAVSO International Database has the potential to enable significant new science by extending long term light curves farther back in time with high-quality visual and photographic data. AAVSO volunteers working on this project have together digitized over well over 10,000 observations from the Harvard Annals, adding decades to the light curves of some stars. We highlight the work done so far, and show the potential to expand the project by both AAVSO Headquarters and by the volunteers themselves.

  20. University students' psychological quality education from the perspective of “personality trait theory”%基于“人格特质理论”视角下的大学生心理素质教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雅鑫; 樊慧鑫; 任晓萌

    2016-01-01

    Nowadays, students are more likely to produce a variety of psychological problems. Therefore, it is urgent to carry out the education of psychological quality education in University. Based on the theory of personality traits, it will discuss the necessity of University Students' psychological quality education.%目前处在青年时期的大学生更容易产生各种心理问题。因此,在大学中开展心理素质教育刻不容缓。本文基于人格特质理论,浅谈在此前提下的大学生心理素质教育的必要性。

  1. Discussion on the Importance of Improving University Librarians ’ Psychological Knowledge Accomplishment%试论高校图书馆员提升心理学知识素养的重要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董霞永

    2015-01-01

    Improving university librarians’ psychological knowledge accomplishment not only helps university librarians to enhance their psychological quality and individual personality, but also helps them to enhance the service consciousness and service level and become the qualified librarians to meet the needs of the times.This paper probes into the importance of improving university librarians’ psychological knowledge accomplishment, and puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions on improving university librarians’ psychological knowledge accomplishment.%不断提升高校图书馆员的心理学知识素养,不仅有助于增强其心理素质,完善其个体人格,还有助于提升其服务意识和服务水平,成为适应时代需求的合格馆员。探讨了提升高校图书馆员心理学知识素养的重要性,提出了提升高校图书馆员心理学知识素养的对策建议。

  2. The "nuts and bolts" of implementing shared medical appointments: the Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger-Fiffy, Jill

    2012-01-01

    Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates (Harvard Vanguard) decided to develop a Shared Medical Appointment (SMA) program in 2007 for a variety of reasons. The program has launched 86 SMAs in 17 specialties at 12 sites and has exceeded 13 000 patient visits. Currently, the practice offers 54 SMAs and is believed to be the largest program in the country. This article provides an overview regarding staffing, space and equipment, project planning, promotional materials, training programs, workflow development, and the use of quality improvement (ie, LEAN) tools used to monitor the work to be completed and the metrics to date.

  3. Universe

    CERN Document Server

    2011-01-01

    Updated for 2011, the Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that covers today's most popular science topics, from digital TV to microchips to touchscreens and beyond. Perennial subjects in earth science, life science, and physical science are all explored in detail. Amazing graphics-more than 1,000 per title-combined with concise summaries help students understand complex subjects. Correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-9, each title also contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary.

  4. Universe

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    The Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that is correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-8. The Britannica Illustrated Science Library is a visually compelling set that covers earth science, life science, and physical science in 16 volumes.  Created for ages 10 and up, each volume provides an overview on a subject and thoroughly explains it through detailed and powerful graphics-more than 1,000 per volume-that turn complex subjects into information that students can grasp.  Each volume contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary help and an index.

  5. [Study of the dietary preferences and the social-psychological factors that affect the dietary behaviors of high school and university students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasamaki, Junichi

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to elucidate the correlation among dietary intake, dietary preferences, and social-psychological factors in the youth and to examine the factors that affect such dietary behaviors as snacking, skipping breakfast, and taking a biased nutrition. A survey was carried out using a questionnaire with closed questions on multiple items such as dietary behaviors, psychosocial stress, dietary externalization, information and consciousness about health. The survey was conducted on 1,056 high school students and 1,323 university students in Japan. As a result of the factor analysis among the groups of male/female and high school/university students, relationships were found between the items of "preferences for snacking" and "snack food intakes" among all these groups. Those who like sweets and snacks tended to snack between lunch and dinner or after dinner by themselves more often than those who do not. In contrast to men, intermediate correlations were found between the item of "a meal as a diversion" and each of the items of "snack food intake," "preferences for fried foods/sautéed foods/meat dishes," and "preferences for snacking," among women who do not live alone, regardless of their being high school or university students. The item of "stress over human relationships/academic performance" was shown to have similarly weak correlations with the items of "reasons for skipping breakfast" and "nutrition intake" in the groups of male and female high school students. The less they value nutrition intake, the more they tend to be conscious of stress over human relationships/academic performance.

  6. Resilience and Psychological Distress in Psychology and Medical Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacchi, Stephen; Licinio, Julio

    2017-04-01

    The authors investigated levels of resilience and psychological distress in medical and psychology students, factors that may affect these levels, the relationship between resilience and psychological distress, and student opinion on causes of stress and possible interventions. A voluntary anonymous online survey was distributed to University of Adelaide medical and psychology students. Medical and psychology students (n = 560; response rate = 24.7%) had similar mean resilience and psychological distress scores, and 47.9% of medical students and 55.1% of psychology students were psychologically distressed. Higher levels of resilience were associated with lower levels of distress (p resilience-based interventions, greater financial support, clearer learning objectives and more continuous assessment as potential means to reduce the effects of stress. Higher levels of resilience were associated with lower levels of psychological distress. Further studies are required to determine the efficacy of resilience-based interventions in these groups.

  7. Psychological and behavioral problems in children of war veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Krešić Ćorić

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD caused by war trauma experiences affects veterans'; ability to meet their parental obligations, which can lead to the appearance of psychological and behavioral problems in their children. We explored, based on the parents'; assessment, whether the children of veterans with PTSD exhibit more psychological and behavioral problems and whether there are differences in relation to the age and sex of the child. Methods: The study group consisted of 91 children from 50 veterans receiving treatment for the war-related PTSD at the Psychiatric Department of the University Clinical Hospital Mostar. The control group consisted of 98 children of 50 war veterans without PTSD who were selected from veteran associations by the snowball method. The following instruments were used in the study: General Demographic Questionnaire, Harvard Trauma Questionnaire-Bosnia and Herzegovina version and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire for children. Results: Children of veterans with PTSD have more pronounced psychological and behavioral problems (U = 2372.5; P < 0.001 compared to the children of veterans without PTSD. Male children of veterans with PTSD have more frequent behavioral problems (χ² = 7.174; P = 0.025 compared to the female children, and overall, they more frequently exhibit borderline or abnormal psychological difficulties (χ² = 6.682; P = 0.029. Children exhibiting abnormal levels of hyperactivity are significantly younger than children who exhibit normal or borderline levels of hyperactivity (Kruskal-Wallis = 3.982; P = 0.046. Conclusions: The children of war veterans with PTSD have more psychological and behavioral problems in comparison with the children of veterans without PTSD.

  8. Validation of a French adaptation of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire among torture survivors from sub-Saharan African countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Capucine de Fouchier

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: To date no validated instrument in the French language exists to screen for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD in survivors of torture and organized violence. Objective: The aim of this study is to adapt and validate the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ to this population. Method: The adapted version was administered to 52 French-speaking torture survivors, originally from sub-Saharan African countries, receiving psychological treatment in specialized treatment centers. A structured clinical interview for DSM was also conducted in order to assess if they met criteria for PTSD. Results: Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the HTQ Part 4 was adequate (0.95. Criterion validity was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis that generated good classification accuracy for PTSD (0.83. At the original cut-off score of 2.5, the HTQ demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity (0.87 and 0.73, respectively. Conclusion: Results support the reliability and validity of the French version of the HTQ.

  9. The fate of a progressive science: the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory, athletes, the science of work and the politics of reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheffler, Robin Wolfe

    2011-06-01

    In the early twentieth century, fatigue research marked a site of conflicting scientific, industrial, and cultural understandings of working bodies. Many fatigue researchers understood fatigue to be a physiological fact and allied themselves with Progressive-era reformers in urging industrial regulation. Reformers clashed with advocates of Taylorism, who held that productivity could be perpetually increased through managerial efficiency. Histories of this conflict typically cease with the end of the First World War. I examine the work of the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory in the 1920s and 1930s to explore the impact that the introduction of biochemical methods had on the relationship between science and reform. The Laboratory developed sophisticated techniques to study the blood of exercising individuals. In particular, it found that exercising individuals could attain a biochemically "steady state," or equilibrium, and extrapolated from this to assert that fatigue was psychological, not physiological, in nature. In contrast to Progressive-era research, the Laboratory reached this conclusion through laboratory examination, not of workers, but of Laboratory staff members and champion marathon runners. I present the Laboratory's institutional history, scientific work, and finally how common cultural understandings of athletes and work lent plausibility to its efforts to make authoritative statements about industrial conditions.

  10. On the Psychological Health Education and Career Plan-ning of University Students%大学生心理健康教育与职业生涯规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国松

    2015-01-01

    A healthy state of mind is the basic guarantee for uni-versity students to complete their studies and realize personal ideals. Career planning is to guide university students to under-stand themselves and correctly plan and develop themselves. Starting from the connection point between the psychological health education and career education of university students, this paper elaborates the relationship between psychological health e-ducation and career planning in university education, aiming to promote the healthy physical and psychological development of university students and lay a foundation for their sustainable de-velopment in the future.%健康的心理状态是大学生完成学业,实现个人理想的基本保障。职业生涯规划则指导大学生认识自我,正确地规划发展自我。本文从大学生心理健康教育与职业生涯教育的切合点出发,阐述了在大学教育中心理健康教育与职业生涯规划之间的关系,促进大学生身心的健康发展,为其之后的可持续发展奠定基础。

  11. Deep Personality Development:An Effective Technique to Cure Serious Psychological Problems of University Students%人格深层扩展:矫治大学生心理障碍的有效技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛斌

    2015-01-01

    近年来,大学生心理障碍的严重性、复杂性困扰着学生工作者。人们不断探索各种心理干预与矫治的技术。实践证明:在深层心理学和本土深层文化结构基础上形成的由“共感”“归本”“显现”三个技术环节所构成的人格深层扩展心理矫治技术对帮助心理障碍的大学生较快恢复心理健康具有良好的效果。%In recent years, psychological workers have been always perplexed by the seriousness and complica-tion of psychological problems of university students. All kinds of psychological intervention and correction approach-es have been explored continuously. Practice shows that deep personality development, which consists of“synesthesi-a”“nature-returning”“positive personality-appearance”and is based on deep psychology and locative deep cultural structure, is an effective technique to cure serious psychological problems of university students.

  12. 大学生社会主义核心价值体系心理认同研究%The Research on Psychological Recognition of University Students' Socialist Core Value Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    操菊华

    2012-01-01

    心理认同是建设社会主义核心价值体系的重要内容。大学生心理认同有体验性、自我性和求新性等三大特点。高校要着力打造文化精品,树立先进典型,注重实践体验,创新传播方式,体现以生为本,不断创新主题教育的内容、形式、载体,充分关切学生的心理需求与利益诉求,切实增强大学生对社会主义核心价值体系的心理认同。%Psychological Recognition is the main content of building socialist core value systems.University students' psychological recognition has three traits:experience,oneself and novelty.The University should produce cultural works,foster advanced models,focus practical experience,innovate means of communication,reflect the student-oriented.And it should innovate the theme of education content,form and carrier,fully concern about the students' psychological needs and interest demands,increase university students' socialist core value system of psychological recognition.

  13. College Board Response to "Harvard Educational Review" Article by Santelices and Wilson

    Science.gov (United States)

    College Board, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This is the College Board's response to a research article by Drs. Maria Veronica Santelices and Mark Wilson in the Harvard Educational Review, entitled "Unfair Treatment? The Case of Freedle, the SAT, and the Standardization Approach to Differential Item Functioning" (see EJ930622).

  14. Chronic N-amended soils exhibit an altered bacterial community structure in Harvard Forest, MA, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swathi A. Turlapati; Rakesh Minocha; Premsai S. Bhiravarasa; Louise S. Tisa; William K. Thomas; Subhash C. Minocha

    2013-01-01

    At the Harvard Forest, Petersham, MA, the impact of 20 years of annual ammonium nitrate application to the mixed hardwood stand on soil bacterial communities was studied using 16S rRNA genes pyrosequencing. Amplification of 16S rRNA genes was done using DNA extracted from 30 soil samples (three treatments x two horizons x five subplots) collected from untreated (...

  15. Harvard Law to refocus the first year%哈佛大学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sacha Pfeiffer; Boston Globe

    2007-01-01

    @@ "The Harvard Law School faculty has voted unanimously(全体一致地) to overhaul(检查) its first-year curriculum by focusing more on complex problem-solving,international law, and modem law-making by government bodies and administrative agencies, marking a significant departure from more than a century of traditional legal education.

  16. Harvard's Program in Law Teaching--A New Dimension in Graduate Legal Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Frederick E.; Cohen, Jerome A.

    1981-01-01

    The Harvard Law School is in the process of fashioning a multilayered program in law teaching for American lawyers who are candidates for the LL.M. degree. The Program on Preparing for Law Teaching is described and its objectives are outlined. (MLW)

  17. L Functions and arithmetic : L Functions and arithmetic at Harvard, June 2016

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruíz Duarte, Eduardo

    2016-01-01

    This is a document which has the notes from my favourite talks at the congress L-Functions and arithmetic, at Harvard on June 9-13, 2016. The information of this document was made with all the pictures of slides I took and notes from the blackboard according to my understanding, and my questions to

  18. Psychiatry in the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship: An Innovative, Year-Long Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griswold, Todd; Bullock, Christopher; Gaufberg, Elizabeth; Albanese, Mark; Bonilla, Pedro; Dvorak, Ramona; Epelbaum, Claudia; Givon, Lior; Kueppenbender, Karsten; Joseph, Robert; Boyd, J. Wesley; Shtasel, Derri

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The authors present what is to their knowledge the first description of a model for longitudinal third-year medical student psychiatry education. Method: A longitudinal, integrated psychiatric curriculum was developed, implemented, and sustained within the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship. Curriculum elements…

  19. Alcohol and the American College Campus: A Report from the Harvard School of Public Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wechsler, Henry

    1996-01-01

    A Harvard School of Public Health survey of 17,592 college students concerning alcohol consumption found 84% reported drinking during the school year, with 19% frequent binge drinkers. Half of these were binge drinkers in high school. Also investigated were other drug use, dangerous behavior, secondhand binge effects, and gender effects. A 12-step…

  20. Searching Harvard Business Review Online. . . Lessons in Searching a Full Text Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenopir, Carol

    1985-01-01

    This article examines the Harvard Business Review Online (HBRO) database (bibliographic description fields, abstracts, extracted information, full text, subject descriptors) and reports on 31 sample HBRO searches conducted in Bibliographic Retrieval Services to test differences between searching full text and searching bibliographic record. Sample…

  1. The Flip Sides of Full-Text: Superindex and the Harvard Business Review/Online.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dadlez, Eva M.

    1984-01-01

    This article illustrates similarities between two different types of full-text databases--Superindex, Harvard Business Review/Online--and uses them as arena to demonstrate search and display applications of full-text. The selection of logical operators, full-text search strategies, and keywords and Bibliographic Retrieval Service's Occurrence…

  2. The Flip Sides of Full-Text: Superindex and the Harvard Business Review/Online.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dadlez, Eva M.

    1984-01-01

    This article illustrates similarities between two different types of full-text databases--Superindex, Harvard Business Review/Online--and uses them as arena to demonstrate search and display applications of full-text. The selection of logical operators, full-text search strategies, and keywords and Bibliographic Retrieval Service's Occurrence…

  3. Searching Harvard Business Review Online. . . Lessons in Searching a Full Text Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenopir, Carol

    1985-01-01

    This article examines the Harvard Business Review Online (HBRO) database (bibliographic description fields, abstracts, extracted information, full text, subject descriptors) and reports on 31 sample HBRO searches conducted in Bibliographic Retrieval Services to test differences between searching full text and searching bibliographic record. Sample…

  4. Museum of Comparative Zoology Library--The Agassiz Library: Harvard University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonas, Eva S.; Regen, Shari S.

    1986-01-01

    Argues that the Museum of Comparative Zoology Library reflects the union between the nineteenth century natural history values of Louis Agassiz and the twentieth century library and information science methodology. Special collections, records, cataloging and classification, serials and their classification, policies, services, and procedures are…

  5. Our Public Intellectual: Matthew Battles--Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library Journal, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Many people take for granted the tools of the librarian's trade: typography, books, even the idea of a library. But when Matthew Battles looks at these things, he sees responses that evolved to meet human needs and wants to know more. What purposes were these tools put to and what do they tell people about the culture that produced them? What does…

  6. 我国大学心理服务宏观管理体制改革初探%The Investigation on the reform of Psychological service macro management system in university

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋尚桂

    2014-01-01

    s Psychological service in university is an important part of higher educa-tion. For a long time,there are still some shortages and gaps existing in university psy-chological services in China,such as the understanding of concept,system construction,the establishment of professional management team, management policy and legal environment,development planning and so forth. The main task of the macro management system re-form of university psychological service is to specify the administrative management,to es-tablish and perfect the university psychological services and personnel access system,im-prove the mechanism of evaluation and supervision,to give full play to the role of profes-sional psychology Academic Organizations in promoting mental health services in the work of professional services and guidance.%大学心理服务是大学教育工作的重要组成部分。目前我国大学心理服务宏观管理体制在认识观念、机构体系建设、管理队伍专业化、管理政策与法律环境以及发展规划制定等方面还存在诸多问题。我国大学心理服务宏观管理体制改革需要明确主管部门的管理职能,制定和完善大学心理服务机构及人员的准入制度,健全大学心理服务专业评价与监督机制,充分发挥心理学专业学术组织在推动心理服务工作中的专业服务和引导作用。

  7. 浅论大学生创业心理及培养途径%University Students Psychology of Entrepreneurial and Ways of Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶许可

    2012-01-01

    创业是一种积极主动的行为,创业者心理对创业的成功与否起着至关重要的作用。作为高校素质教育的有效载体,创业教育应该以培养大学生良好的创业心理作为主要内容。创业已成为大学生就业的一种重要途径,大学生创业类型可分为被动创业、主动创业和理智创业三种。由于大学生自身的特点,在创业中存在着不少缺点。如果不能正确认识这些缺点,创业很难取得成功,高校的创业教育也就很难取得成效。%Entrepreneurship is a proactive behavior and the psychology of entrepreneurship plays a vital role. As an effective carrier of college quality education, entrepreneurship education should be to train college students' entrepreneurial mentality as the main content. Entrepreneurship can be divided into passive entrepreneurs, active entrepreneurship and rational entrepreneurial, which has become an important means of employment of university students. However, due to the characteristics of the students themselves, they nave many shortcomings. The venture will not succeed if not properly aware of these shortcomings and entrepreneurship education in colleges and universities would be very difficult to achieve results.

  8. The Intelligence Requirements of Psychological Operations in Counterterrorism

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    Politics and Influence in Organizations (Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 1992), 391. 58 Robert B. Cialdini , Influence: The Psychology of...Second Reader: Robert O’Connell THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK i REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden...SCHOOL December 2008 Author: Mehmet Fevzi Dörtbudak Approved by: Hy Rothstein Thesis Advisor Robert O’Connell Second Reader

  9. Analysis on the Employment Psychology of Graduates from Common Universities and Corresponding Counter-measures%普通院校毕业生就业心理分析及相应对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈杨; 邵警清; 陈媛媛

    2014-01-01

    With the cotinuous expansion of China's higher educa-tion and regional development imbalance, common universities obviously have shortcomings in geographical location, university fund, talent introduction and policy preference, etc., making stu-dents cultivated by such universities in a weak position in the job market, thus showing a lot of adverse employment psychology. Therefore, it is particularly important to timely and accurately grasp the employment psychology of graduates from common uni-versities and analyze the causes, and from the perspective of em-ployment guidance, offer the right psychological guidance and employment counseling. Based on exploring the psychological problems of common university graduates produced in their em-ployment and analyzing the causes, this paper proposes corre-sponding adjustment strategies.%伴随我国高等教育规模不断扩大和区域不平衡发展,普通院校在地理位置、办学经费、人才引进和政策倾斜等方面存在明显不足,以致该类院校培养的大学生在就业市场中处于弱势地位,从而表现出很多不良的就业心理。因此,适时准确地把握普通院校毕业生的就业心理、分析成因,从就业指导角度出发,给予正确的心理引导和就业辅导就显得尤为重要。本文就普通院校毕业生在就业过程中产生的心理问题进行探索、分析成因,并提出了相应的调适策略。

  10. The Role of College and University Libraries in Psychological Health Education for Students%高校图书馆在大学生心理健康教育中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宝玉

    2012-01-01

    The paper elaborates the important function of college and university libraries in psychological health education,points out the countermeasures for improving the education including promoting psychological quality of librarians,strengthening literature resources allocation,constructing good environment and so on,so as to provide strong protection for psychological health of students.%阐述高校图书馆在大学生心理健康教育中的重要作用,指出高校图书馆强化大学生心理健康教育的措施,包括提高馆员心理素质、加强文献资源配备、建设良好的图书馆环境等方面,为大学生的心理健康成长提供有力保障。

  11. Correlation between social anxiety and psychological traits among university students%大学生社交焦虑情绪影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敬阳; 刘洋; 万洪泉; 梅松丽

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the correlation between social anxiety and psychological traits among university students. Methods The correlations between the social anxiety and self-esteem, self-monitoring, and self-consciousness were measured with Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LS AS) .Texas Social Behavior Inventory, Self-Monitoring Scale, and Self-Consciousness Scale(SCS) among 1 600 university students in Changchun city,Jilin province. Results There were significant negative correlations between the level of social anxiety and self-esteem, self-monitoring,and private self-consciousness (p < 0.01). In regression analyses, self-esteem was a predictor for social anxiety (b' = - 0.27, p < 0.01) and low self-esteem was a prevailing social psychological characteristics in the students with higher social anxiety. Conclusion The interpersonal quality, emotional response, and behavior feedback of university students with social anxiety are directly impacted by self-esteem, self-monitoring, and private self-consciousness.%目的 了解心理特质因素对大学生社交焦虑情绪的影响.方法 采用Liebowitz社交焦虑量表、德克萨斯行为问卷、自我监控量表、自我意识量表对吉林省长春市1600名大学生进行调查.结果 高社交焦虑大学生的自尊(49.50±7.46)、自我监控(17.17±9.83)和私我意识(23.46±5.68)评分均低于低焦虑个体的(52.96 ±7.26)、(21.06±11.54)、(24.49±6.18)分,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);社交焦虑分值与自尊、私我意识、自我监控呈负相关(P<0.01),进一步回归分析表明,自尊对社交焦虑的预测作用最大(b’=-0.27,P<0.01).结论 自尊、自我监控、私我意识的心理特质与社交焦虑情绪有关,低自尊、低自我监控和低私我意识水平可能导致大学生个体在社交情境中产生更高的社交焦虑水平和更多的回避行为.

  12. Taking the British Library Forward in the Twenty-First Century; Harvard's Library Digital Initiative: Building a First Generation Digital Library Infrastructure; Spoken Words, Unspoken Meanings: A DLI2 Project Ethnography; Resource Guide for the Social Sciences: Signposting a Dissemination and Support Route for Barefoot and Meta-Librarians in UK Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brindley, Lynne; Flecker, Dale; Seadle, Michael; Huxley, Lesly; Ford, Karen

    2000-01-01

    Includes four articles that discuss strategic planning in the British Library, including electronic strategies and collaborative partnerships; Harvard University's plans for a digital library infrastructure; the National Gallery of the Spoken Word, a Digital Library Initiative (DLI)-funded project that is language-related; and promoting networked…

  13. 中美高校心理危机干预工作之比较与启示%Comparison and Revelation of the Psychological Crisis Intervention in Chinese and American Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐炜炜; 金蓓蓓; 乐晓蓉

    2015-01-01

    中美高校在心理危机干预工作中共同面临着一系列的挑战,但因中美两国在民族文化背景和心理咨询发展阶段上的不同,两国高校在心理危机干预的认知理念、干预方式、主体责任、工作主动群体等方面存在较大差异.通过解读和分析这些差异背后的原因,从家校合作、专兼职队伍建设、心理自助网络平台开发、全员培训4个方面提出对我国高校心理危机干预工作的有益启示.%Chinese and American universities face a series of challenges in the work of psychological crisis intervention. Because of the differences between the two countries in the development of national culture and psychological counseling, there is a big difference between the two universities in the psychological crisis intervention of the cognitive concept, the way of intervention, the main responsi-bility, the active group and so on. Through the analysis of the reasons behind these differences, the conclusion about a useful inspiration to the psychological crisis intervention in China's universities is given from four aspects including home-school cooperation, part-time team building, psychological self-help network platform development, full training of all faculties and staffs.

  14. Historiography of Czech psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoskovcová, Simona; Hoskovec, Jirí; Plháková, Alena; Sebek, Michael; Svancara, Josef; Voboril, Dalibor

    2010-08-01

    The paper is aimed at presenting the development of the Czech historiography of psychology, which was strongly influenced by the political changes in Central and Eastern Europe. The authors deal with the historiography of psychology at the three universities offering an undergraduate program in psychology, located in Prague, Brno, and Olomouc, and at the Institute of Psychology of the Czech Academy of Sciences. Recent research, teaching, textbooks, and journal articles published in Czech and in foreign languages are showcased. The historiography of Czech psychotherapy is mentioned as a special thematic development. Contemporary problems and perspectives in the field of the history of psychology in the Czech Republic are discussed, sources of information are given.

  15. The Psychological Health Education of University Students from the Perspective of Counselors%辅导员视角下的大学生心理健康教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽

    2013-01-01

    The psychological health of university students is widely concerned .Because the job requirements and the complementary charac-teristics between ideological - political education and psychological health education ,counselors should and can participate in it ,with good psychological quality ,moral quality ,psychological knowledge ,and role specification .Also ,it is suggested to put up students’ psychologi-cal archives ,to combine explicit and implicit education ,and to combine the way of group guidance and individual talk .At the same time , the peer and psychological counseling professionals are needed to play a role .%  大学生的心理健康受到广泛关注。由于工作职责的要求以及思想政治教育与心理健康教育的相辅相成特性,辅导员应该而且能够参与到大学生心理健康教育中来。开展大学生心理健康教育,辅导员需要具备良好的心理素质和道德品质、一定的心理学知识,还要重新定位自身的角色;可以采取建立学生心理档案、显性教育与隐性教育相结合、团体辅导与个别谈话相结合的途径,同时发挥学生朋辈及专业心理咨询人员的作用。

  16. 团体心理训练在大学新生适应阶段中的运用%Application of Group Psychological Training in University Students Adaptation Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨永华

    2011-01-01

    Group psychological training is a solution to students' individual development problem coach education form, it refers to the members of a group or team members involved in the process of psychological training. This paper expounds the group psychological training in University Freshmen's adaptation to the stage in the role of group psychological training, implementation requirements, use basis, how to set up the group psychological training contents and practical application.%团体心理训练是一种解决学生个人发展问题的辅导教育形式,它是指团体成员或者小组成员参与心理训练的过程。本文阐述了团体心理训练在大学新生适应阶段的作用、团体心理训练实施者的要求、运用依据、如何设置团体心理训练内容及实际运用情况。

  17. A case study on the impact of childhood experience on individual abnormal psychology in university period%童年经历对大学阶段个体异常心理发生影响个案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白树虎; 谭经伟

    2016-01-01

    This study based on the actual cases of psychological counseling, described the college students' abnormal psychology case, analyzed the common correlation between college students abnormal psychology and his childhood experiences. The case study shows that the physical, psychological and social factors of the childhood experience make the university students vulnerable to the abnormal psychology.%本研究在心理咨询实际案例的基础上,对大学生异常心理采取个案研究的方式,通过描述异常心理大学生个案,进行分析,来呈现大学生常见异常心理与其童年经历的相关性,从而从个体异常心理史的角度更清晰地看到大学生心理异常的成因。本个案研究表明,童年经历的生理、心理和社会综合因素使得大学生对异常心理易感。

  18. Psychological Contract Violation and Repair of the University Library Volunteers%高校图书馆志愿者的心理契约违背修复研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱永武

    2015-01-01

    For the volunteers, the psychological contract will produce a significant impact on their voluntary behaviors. Based on the psychological contract’s violation development model, this paper sets up a repair model for university library volunteers’ psychological contract violation starting from the development paths and the influencing factors of their psychological contract violation for further improving the stability of the psychological contract and enhancing volunteers ’ sense of belonging and and group cohesion.%对于志愿者来说,心理契约对其志愿行为会产生很大影响。基于心理契约违背发展模型,从高校图书馆志愿者心理契约违背的发展路径和影响因素出发,构建了高校图书馆志愿者心理契约违背修复模型,以此来提高心理契约的稳定性,增强志愿者的归属感和组织凝聚力。

  19. 高校宿舍关系对大学生心理健康的影响%The Influence of Dormitory Interpersonal Relations on U-niversity Students' Psychological Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿俊杰

    2014-01-01

    从近几年高校发生的一系列案件,反映出宿舍关系在大学生活学习中的重要性。本文从积极和消极作用正反两个方面分析高校宿舍关系对大学生心理发展的重要影响,分析当前大学宿舍关系中存在的问题及心理原因,并提出将心理健康教育融入宿舍管理、完善朋辈咨询发挥宿舍长的作用、加强宿舍管理、美化宿舍环境等方面引导大学生正确处理宿舍关系,提高心理健康水平。%A series of cases occurring in recent years reflect the im-portance of dormitory interpersonal relations in university stu-dents' living and learning. This paper analyzes the important in-fluence of dormitory interpersonal relations on university stu-dents' psychological health from both positive and negative as-pects, analyzes the current problems existing in university stu-dents' dormitory interpersonal relations and the psychological reasons, and proposes some measures to guide university students to correctly handle dormitory interpersonal relations and improve their psychological health. The measures are integrating psycho-logical health education into dormitory management, perfecting peer counseling and giving play to the dormitory head's role, en-hancing dormitory management, and beautifying dormitory envi-ronment.

  20. Use of a Supplementary Internet Based Education Program Improves Sleep Literacy in College Psychology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quan, Stuart F.; Anderson, Janis L.; Hodge, Gordon K.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Knowledge regarding the importance of sleep in health and performance and good sleep hygiene practices is low, especially among adolescents and young adults. It is important to improve sleep literacy. Introductory psychology is one of the most highly enrolled courses at colleges and universities. This study tested the impact of an Internet-based learning module on improving sleep literacy in this venue. Methods: An Internet-based supplementary learning module containing sleep physiology and hygiene information was developed using content from the Harvard Medical School sleep educational website http://www.understandingsleep.org. Access to the module was provided as an extra credit activity for 2 of 4 sections (Supplemental Sleep, SS, N = 889) of an introductory college psychology course during their standard instruction on sleep and dreaming. The remaining 2 sections (Standard Instruction, SI, N = 878) only were encouraged to visit the website without further direction. Level of knowledge was assessed before and after availability to the module/website and at the end of the semester. Students were asked to complete a survey at the end of the semester inquiring whether they made any changes in their sleep behaviors. Results: Two hundred fifty students participated in the extra credit activity and had data available at all testing points. Students in the SS Group had a significant improvement in sleep knowledge test scores after interacting with the website in comparison to the SI group (19.41 ± 3.15 vs. 17.94 ± 3.08, p psychology course. Citation: Quan SF; Anderson JL; Hodge GK. Use of a supplementary internet based education program improves sleep literacy in college psychology students. J Clin Sleep Med 2013;9(2):155-160. PMID:23372469

  1. 基于大学生心理特点的宿舍文化构建策略研究%Research on Dormitory Culture Construction Strategy Based on the Cherecteristics of the University Student’s Psychological

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋红真

    2013-01-01

    本文从当代大学生的心理特点出发,把高校思想政治工作和宿舍文化建设联系起来,对高校宿舍文化构建策略进行论述,旨在促进大学生的全面发展、健康成长。%This article from the contemporary university students' psychological characteristics, the ideological and political work in the dorm culture construction and the combination of university dormitory culture construction strategies discussed, aims to promote the comprehensive development of students, healthy growth.

  2. Analysis of psychodrama in the university students’ psychological health education application%对心理情景剧在大学生心理健康教育选修课中应用的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄阳

    2014-01-01

    This paper integrates psychodrama into university students’ psychological health education, consequently;it acquires satisfied results in terms of improving university students’ mental health as well as enriching atmosphere of the class.%本文旨在探索如何把心理情景剧和大学生心理健康教育有机地融合到一起,这一举措在促进大学生心理健康水平和活跃课堂氛围等方面,收到了令人满意的效果。

  3. 浅谈《精神卫生法》对高校心理咨询中心工作影响%Discussion on Influence of Mental Health Law on the Psychological Counseling Center in University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑亚楠; 龚茜

    2014-01-01

    In order to investigate the influence of Mental Health Law on the work of psychological counseling center in university , the actual situation in the psychological counseling center in university and base on the literature research , this text discusses from positive and negative aspects and puts forward the countermeasures, to provide a basis for carrying out the mental health education of uollege students. And the psychological counseling center in university should adjust the work according to Mental Health Law.%为探讨《精神卫生法》的实施对高校心理咨询中心工作开展带来的影响,通过文献研究并根据高校心理咨询中心工作的实际情况,从积极和消极两个方面进行相应的讨论并提出对策,旨在为未来高校心理健康工作改革提供参考意见。同时,高校心理咨询中心应根据《精神卫生法》调整工作重心。

  4. 在校大学生精神疾病的危机预防与转介研究%Research on the Crisis Prevention and Referral of Enrolled University Students with Psychological Diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄成; 李桦

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, there is an increasing number of cases involving university students' psychological diseases, so it is cru-cial that we should timely check and find the university students who are probably suffering from psychological diseases, so as to well implement the crisis prevention for them in psychological counseling, and various departments of universities should work together to unblock the channels of referral, so as to introduce them to relevant medical institutions. Bu there are still some problems in the work, needing further investigation and research as well as mechanism perfection in order to ensure the effective-ness.%近年大学生精神疾病的案例不断增加,及时排查发现疑似精神疾病的大学生,并在心理咨询、院系辅导过程中做好危机预防,学校多部门联合成立通畅的转介渠道,最短时间将其转介至相关医疗机构诊治对在校精神疾病学生的治疗和康复至关重要.但在此工作中还存在着一些问题,有待于进一步调查研究,完善机制,确保实效.

  5. “哈佛学派”与互联网空间的未来%Harvard School and the Future of Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞云黠

    2012-01-01

    The scholars of Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University try to explore why it happened and how to stop it from different perspectives, such as economics, computer science, internet governance and Intellectual Property laws. In general, their reflections have the internal consistency and considerable influence. In my opinion, the Harvard School has come into being.%互联网诞生至今,面临着在商业利益与政府力量襄挟下逐渐丧失产生之初的原创本能的威胁。哈佛大学的贝克曼网络与社会中心的一批学者针对这个问题从经济学、信息技术,网络治理以及法律等各个角度提出了自己的思考以及解决路径,他们的研究彼此呼应,相互补充,具有相当的影响力,可以说互联网空间发展过程中的一个新的“哈佛学派”已经兴起。

  6. "They Sweat for Science": The Harvard Fatigue Laboratory and Self-Experimentation in American Exercise Physiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Andi

    2015-08-01

    In many scientific fields, the practice of self-experimentation waned over the course of the twentieth century. For exercise physiologists working today, however, the practice of self-experimentation is alive and well. This paper considers the role of the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory and its scientific director, D. Bruce Dill, in legitimizing the practice of self-experimentation in exercise physiology. Descriptions of self-experimentation are drawn from papers published by members of the Harvard Fatigue Lab. Attention is paid to the ethical and practical justifications for self-experimentation in both the lab and the field. Born out of the practical, immediate demands of fatigue protocols, self-experimentation performed the long-term, epistemological function of uniting physiological data across time and space, enabling researchers to contribute to a general human biology program.

  7. The rise of pathophysiologic research in the United States: the role of two Harvard hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tishler, Peter V

    2013-01-01

    Pathophysiologic research, the major approach to understanding and treating disease, was created in the 20th century, and two Harvard-affiliated hospitals, the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital and Boston City Hospital, played a key role in its development. After the Flexner Report of 1910, medical students were assigned clinical clerkships in teaching hospitals. Rockefeller-trained Francis Weld Peabody, who was committed to investigative, pathophysiologic research, was a critical leader in these efforts. At the Brigham, Harvard medical students observed patients closely and asked provocative questions about their diseases. Additionally, physicians returned from World War I with questions concerning the pathophysiology of wartime injuries. At the Boston City Hospital's new Thorndike Memorial Laboratory, Peabody fostered investigative question-based research by physicians. These physicians expanded pathophysiologic investigation from the 1920s. Post-war, Watson and Crick's formulation of the structure of DNA led shortly to modern molecular biology and new research approaches that are being furthered at the Boston Hospitals.

  8. Digital Access to a Sky Century at Harvard. II: Initial Photometry and Astrometry

    CERN Document Server

    Laycock, S; Grindlay, J; Los, E; Simcoe, R; Mink, D

    2008-01-01

    Digital Access to a Sky Century @ Harvard (DASCH) is a project to digitize the collection of ~500,000 glass photographic plates held at Harvard College Observatory. The collection spans the time period from 1880 to 1985, during which time every point on the sky has been observed approximately 500 to 1000 times. In this paper we describe the results of the DASCH commissioning run, during which we developed the data-reduction pipeline and fine-tuned the digitzer's performance and operation. This initial run consisted of 500 plates taken from a variety of different plate-series, all containing the open cluster Praeseppe (M44). We report that accurate photometry at the 0.1mag level is possible on the majority of plates, and demonstrate century-long light-curves of various types of variable stars in and around M44.

  9. 公安院校女生心理压力分析及调节策略研究%A Study on Psychological Pressure Analyses of Girls and Adjustment Strategies in Public Security colleges and universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨恒毅

    2012-01-01

      As the reserve police officers of the People’s Republic of China, girls in public security colleges and universities shoulder the great task of national public security career development while girls are much easier than boys under the influence of psychological pressures caused by their physiological and psychological factors. Whether we can effectively help girls eliminate their psychological pressures and make them keep healthy in body and mind will directly affect the qualities of the future police groups. This article analyzed girls’ psychological pressures from the policing management model, study pressures and employment pressures, and further put forward some countermeasures to help girls in public security colleges and universities to accept psychological counseling so as to ease psychological pressures and maintain psychological health by strengthening communication, building a learning environment and enhancing psychological guidance, etc..%  公安院校女生作为共和国的预备警官,承载着祖国公安事业发展的重任,而女性特殊的生理心理因素,使她们较男性更容易受到心理压力的侵扰,所以能否有效帮助公安院校女生疏导心理压力,保持身心健康将直接影响到未来警察群体的素质。本文主要从警务化管理产生的压力、学业压力和就业压力三方面对公安院校女生所面临的压力进行了剖析,并提出通过加强沟通交流、营造学习氛围、加强心理辅导等措施来帮助公安院校女生进行心理疏导,排解心理压力,保持心理健康。

  10. Confronting trade-offs in health care: Harvard Pilgrim Health Care's organizational ethics program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabin, James E; Cochran, David

    2007-01-01

    Patients, providers, and policy leaders need a new moral compass to guide them in the turbulent U.S. health care system. Task forces have proposed excellent ethical codes, but these have been seen as too abstract to provide guidance at the front lines. Harvard Pilgrim Health Care's ten-year experience with an organizational ethics program suggests ways in which health care organizations can strengthen transparency, consumer focus, and overall ethical performance and contribute to the national health policy dialogue.

  11. Executive education and the managerial revolution: The birth of executive education at Harvard Business School

    OpenAIRE

    Amdam, Rolv Petter

    2016-01-01

    The managerial revolution drove the rise of business schools in the United States and business schools contributed by graduating professional managers. Before World War II, however, the effect of an MBA degree was modest, causing great concern to leading business schools. Harvard Business School—in order to increase this impact—began in the mid-1920s to develop nondegree programs for potential top executives. In 1945, by drawing on the experiences of certain short-lived programs and the extra...

  12. Evaluation of environmental filtration control of engineered nanoparticles using the Harvard Versatile Engineered Nanomaterial Generation System (VENGES)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsai, Candace S.-J., E-mail: candace.umass@gmail.com [University of Massachusetts Lowell, NSF Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing (CHN) (United States); Echevarria-Vega, Manuel E. [University of Puerto Rico Mayagueez, Industrial Engineering Department (Puerto Rico); Sotiriou, Georgios A. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich), Particle Technology Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering (Switzerland); Santeufemio, Christopher [University of Massachusetts Lowell, Campus Materials Characterization Laboratory (United States); Schmidt, Daniel [University of Massachusetts Lowell, Department of Plastic Engineering (United States); Demokritou, Philip [Center for Nanotechnology and Nanotoxicology at the Harvard School of Public Health (United States); Ellenbecker, Michael [University of Massachusetts Lowell, NSF Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing (CHN) (United States)

    2012-05-15

    Applying engineering controls to airborne engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) is critical to prevent environmental releases and worker exposure. This study evaluated the effectiveness of two air sampling and six air cleaning fabric filters at collecting ENPs using industrially relevant flame-made engineered nanoparticles generated using a versatile engineered nanomaterial generation system (VENGES), recently designed and constructed at Harvard University. VENGES has the ability to generate metal and metal oxide exposure atmospheres while controlling important particle properties such as primary particle size, aerosol size distribution, and agglomeration state. For this study, amorphous SiO{sub 2} ENPs with a 15.4 nm primary particle size were generated and diluted with HEPA-filtered air. The aerosol was passed through the filter samples at two different filtration face velocities (2.3 and 3.5 m/min). Particle concentrations as a function of particle size were measured upstream and downstream of the filters using a specially designed filter test system to evaluate filtration efficiency. Real time instruments (FMPS and APS) were used to measure particle concentration for diameters from 5 to 20,000 nm. Membrane-coated fabric filters were found to have enhanced nanoparticle collection efficiency by 20-46 % points compared to non-coated fabric and could provide collection efficiency above 95%.

  13. 团体咨询在大学生就业心理辅导中的应用%The Application of Group Counseling in the Employment Psychological Counseling of University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈元鲲

    2014-01-01

    Higher education maintains a rapid growth in recent years, leading to an increasing number of graduates, so the em-ployment competition is increasingly severe, but whether univer-sity students can successfully find jobs relates to social harmony and stability. University students' employment psychology is the inner reason influencing their employment. During university pe-riod, university students mostly take part in group activities, and they pay more attention to their contemporaries' views, which creates their strong willing of interpersonal communication and participation in group activities. Therefore, group counseling has incomparable advantages. Through analyzing the current situation of university students' psychological problems in employment and the status of group counseling application, this paper further ex-plored the application of group counseling in solving university students' psychological problems in employment, which is of im-portant theoretical and practical significance to the perfection of university students' psychological health education, the promotion of their successful and full employment, and the construction of a harmonious society.%近年来,高等教育保持了高速增长,毕业生数量日益增长,就业竞争愈加激烈,大学生能否顺利、充分就业关系到社会和谐稳定。大学生就业心理是影响其就业的重要内在原因。大学生在校期间多以团体为单位活动,更重视同龄人的看法,大学生有较强的人际交往意愿,乐于参与团体。因此,团体咨询具有不可比拟的优点。本文通过分析当前大学生就业心理问题、团体咨询的应用现状,进一步探索团体咨询在解决大学生就业心理问题中的应用,对于完善大学生心理健康教育,促进其顺利、充分就业,对于构建和谐社会具有重要的理论和实践意义。

  14. 高校家庭经济困难学生心理困境的成因和疏解%The Cause and Solution to Psychological Difficultiesof Family Economic Difficulties Students in Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪菲; 蒋鹏翔

    2015-01-01

    高校家庭经济困难学生作为高校中的特殊群体,他们经济困难、存在地域差异,接受的教育资源匮乏,这些因素容易使他们走入心理困境,尽管各高校都建立了多元化的资助政策体系,但物质上的扶助并不能根本解决心理上的困境。因此,本文从心理角度出发,研究心理困境形成的原因,提出策略帮助家庭经济困难学生走出心理困境,学会自我调适,保持身心健康。%Family economic difficulties students in colleges and universities as a special group,the factors of economic difficul-ties,regional differences and lack of education resources make them in the psychological delima.Although universities have es-tablished diversified financing policy system,material aids cannot fundamentally solve their psychological dilemma.Therefore, this article studies the causes of the formation of psychological difficulties from the psychological perspective,and puts forward the strategy to help family economic difficulties students out of psychological trouble,learn to self adjustment,maintain physical and mental health.

  15. Un estudio sobre perfeccionismo en estudiantes universitarios argentinos: resultados preliminares en estudiantes de Psicología A study on perfectionism in argentine university students: preliminary outcomes on Psychology students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernán Guido Arana

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El perfeccionismo ha sido asociado a problemas clínicos y a malestar psicológico, siendo el concepto de discrepancia representativo del aspecto disfuncional del mismo. Este estudio se propone determinar los perfiles de perfeccionismo en estudiantes argentinos de Psicología y analizar la relación entre discrepancia, malestar y bienestar psicológico. 85 estudiantes de Psicología completaron una serie de instrumentos psicométricos evaluándose: perfeccionismo (Almost Perfect Scale-Revised, bienestar psicológico (Inventario de Calidad de Vida Percibida, Escala de Bienestar Psicológico y malestar psicológico (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Formas Y-I, Y-II, Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition. Resultados: Completaron la evaluación 82 estudiantes; 44 (54% obtienen un perfil de perfeccionismo, que se desagrega en adaptativo (N=18; 21,9% y desadaptativo (N=26; 31,7%. La variable discrepancia se asocia significativamente a las variables estudiadas en la dirección esperada: altas correlaciones positivas (p valor ,01 con variables ligadas al malestar psicológico y negativas con variables relativas al bienestar psicológico (p valor ,01.Perfectionism has been associated to clinical problems and psychological distress, being the concept of discrepancy representative of its maladaptive aspect. The aim of this study is to determine the perfectionism profiles of Argentine Psychology students and to analyze the relationship between discrepancy, psychological distress and psychological well-being. 85 university students of Psychology have completed several psychometric instruments evaluating: perfectionism (Almost Perfect Scale Revised, psychological well-being (Inventario de Percepción de Calidad de Vida -ICV; Escala de Bienestar Psicológico and psychological distress (State- Trait Anxiety Inventory. Forms Y-I,Y-II, Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition. Results: 82 students completed the evaluation; 44 (54% obtain a perfectionism profile

  16. The Investigation and Thinking of Present Status of University Counselors’ Psychological Counseling Ability---Take some universities in jiangxi for example%高校辅导员心理疏导能力现状调查与思考--以江西部分高校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟

    2016-01-01

    The Author takes counselors in some universities of jiangxi province as the subjects , by using the questionnaire survey and the interview to invest the present status of university counselors ’ psychological counseling ability .The result shows that:the vast majority of colleges and counselors realize the importance and necessity of psychological counseling in the student work .However , the psychological counseling related knowledge and skills to master degree and application lev -el are big differences .There are significant differences among the counselor ’ s psychological counseling of different levels of colleges and universities .The training experience and the importance of school has a significant influence to the college counselor’s psychological counseling ability .We should take corresponding countermeasures to improve the ability of col-lege counselor's psychological counseling .%以江西省内部分高校的辅导员为被试,采用问卷调查法、访谈法对其心理疏导能力的现状进行了调查。结果显示:绝大多数院校和辅导员认识到心理疏导在学生工作中的重要性和必要性,而心理疏导相关知识和技能的掌握程度和应用能力则良莠不齐。不同层次高校辅导员的心理疏导能力存在显著差异;培训经历及学校的重视程度对高校辅导员的心理疏导能力有显著影响;应该采取相应的对策来提高高校辅导员的心理疏导能力。

  17. 艺术类高校图书馆与大学生心理健康教育——音乐心理治疗研究%Art University Library and University Students' Psychological Health Education:Research on Music Psychotherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘江萍

    2011-01-01

    音乐心理疗法是通过音乐来寻求解决心理问题的办法,缓解或消除心理疾患,促进身心健康的一种辅助心理治疗方法,在促进大学生心理健康方面具有很多其他疗法和技术所没有的一定优势.通过对各类音乐文献的音乐心理疗效分析,结合艺术类高校图书馆丰富的馆藏音乐文献资源优势开展音乐心理疗法,并提出在艺术类高校图书馆实施音乐心理疗法的具体策略.%Music psychotherapy is the psychological treatment method of finding solutions to psychological problems through music to relieve or eliminate mental disorders and promote health of body and mind. Compared to many other therapy and technique, music psychotherapy has certain advantages on promoting university students' psychological health. The specific strategies of implement music psychotherapy in art university library are put forward through analyzing music psychological effect of various music literatures, and carrying out music psychotherapy combined with advantages of rich music literature resources of art university library.

  18. Psychological Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IBS Pain IBS Global Treatments IBS Diet Low FODMAP Diet Complimentary or Alt Treatments Medications Psychological Treatments ... IBS Pain IBS Global Treatments IBS Diet Low FODMAP Diet Complimentary or Alt Treatments Medications Psychological Treatments ...

  19. Conservation Psychology: A Gap in Current Australian Undergraduate Psychology Education?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elissa Pearson

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Human actions have contributed to numerous environmental challenges, including climate change and a significant loss of the world’s biodiversity. As the scientific study of human thought and behaviour, psychology has much to offer in better understanding these issues, as well as fostering greater sustainability in human actions. Yet, despite this recognition, and increasing calls from leaders in psychology education to produce graduates capable of applying their disciplinary knowledge to such real-world issues to solve worldwide behaviourally-based problems; this may not be adequately addressed in current psychology training. The present study assessed the content of all APAC (Australian Psychology Accreditation Council approved psychology programs within Australia to determine the proportion which offered a psychology-focused course (unit specifically in conservation or sustainability. Based on the data advertised through each university website, it appears that only one of 39 programs currently offers such a course, with one other university implementing a conservation psychology course in 2013. Thus 95% of current APAC-accredited programs in Australia do not have a strong focus on training psychology graduates to contribute to addressing these important issues. The need for greater integration of conservation psychology content into undergraduate psychology education in Australia and beyond is discussed.

  20. Discursive Psychology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Molder, te H.

    2015-01-01

    Discursive psychology was established in the United Kingdom by the end of the 1980s, mainly in response to the dominant cognitivist approach in social psychology. While it borrowed notions from poststructuralism and sociology of science, it is most akin to conversation analysis. Discursive psycholog

  1. Positive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Christopher

    2009-01-01

    Positive psychology is a deliberate correction to the focus of psychology on problems. Positive psychology does not deny the difficulties that people may experience but does suggest that sole attention to disorder leads to an incomplete view of the human condition. Positive psychologists concern themselves with four major topics: (1) positive…

  2. 优化高校艺术类师生心理环境导向策略探析%Optimizing the Orientation of the Psychological Environment of University Art Students and Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩晖

    2015-01-01

    Based on some fundamental psychological and mental needs of university art students and teachers, this paper analyzed the causes and current status and explored the positive effects and influence of optimizing the orientation of the psychological environment. Based on the above analysis, the author tried to find out the differences and similarities between their basic psychological needs and the teaching process, and then, presented some strategies for the building of a healthy psychological atmosphere for art students and teachers.%本文针对艺术类师生及教学管理中存在的重要心理及精神需求等问题,分析症由及现状,探索进行心理环境优化导向的积极作用与影响,同时根据艺术类师生的特殊性心理环境特点,充分寻求其基本心理诉求与教学环节之间的差异性和共通性,并加以理论梳理,提出关于针对艺术类师生内、外部健康心理环境形成的导向策略。

  3. 高校特困生心理障碍的解决对策研究%Research on Countermeasures of Overcoming University Poverty-stricken Students' Psychological Obstacles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春霞

    2014-01-01

    特困生已成为高校的一个特殊群体,本文结合实践,从多层面分析特困生的思想和心理特点,存在的心理障碍的原因,并提出了解决特困生心理障碍的一些可行方法。建立特困生保障机制,加强思想政治工作,组织社会实践,进行心理健康教育是解决特困生心理障碍的有效途径。%Poverty-stricken students have become a special group in universities. Combined with practice, this paper, from multiple angles, analyzes the ideological and psychological characteristics of poverty-stricken students and the causes of their psychological obstacles, and then proposes some feasible measures of overcom-ing poverty-stricken students' psychological obstacles, including establishing a guarantee system for poverty-stricken students, strengthening their ideological and political work, organizing so-cial practice, and carrying out psychological health education.

  4. The Importance and Optimization Strategies of Psychological Capital Management of University Teachers%高校教师心理资本管理的重要性及优化策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金军; 潘莹

    2015-01-01

    Psychological capital is an important immaterial capital, which brings great drive to individual attitudes and behaviors. The paper introduces the psychological capital research paradigm, mechanism and research status of teacher's psychological capital, analyzes the importance of psychological capital management of university teachers and advances optimization strategies from the perspective of organizational management.%心理资本是一项重要的非物质资本,能够对个体态度和行为产生巨大的驱动力。文章介绍了心理资本的范式研究、作用机理和教师心理资本的研究现状,分析了高校教师心理资本管理的重要性,进而从组织管理的角度提出对高校教师心理资本管理的一些优化策略。

  5. Prevalence and Psychological Characterization of Smoking ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methods: The questionnaire based study was conducted amongst university students in Abbottabad,. Pakistan during ... Keywords: Psychology, Smoking, Health, Withdrawal symptoms, Counseling. Tropical Journal of ... EXPERIMENTAL.

  6. College and University Planning -- 1969. Selected Papers from Society for College and University Planning Annual Conference. (4th, Houston, Texas, August 17-20, 1969.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Frederick W., Ed.; Schmult, Carl V., Jr., Ed.

    Six major conference papers cover selected planning activities for eight institutions of higher education. Discussed are academic planning for the University of Houston; circulation, parking, and landscape planning for the University of California at Irvine; planning office organization and staffing at Harvard and Ohio State Universities; building…

  7. 生命教育在高校心理危机干预的实践探讨%Practice and Discussion of Life Education of Psychological Crisis Intervention in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙艳

    2012-01-01

    In recent years,colleges and universities psychological crisis incidents which denied life and injuried creatures happened frequently,the students' life values education had been payed attention increasingly,life education practice will become important orientation in colleges and universities psychological crisis intervention education reform.Psychological intervention education must attach importance to life education and student's inner subjectivity development,and guide students to understand life,enjoy life,respect life,create the value of life.%近几年,否定生命、伤害生灵的高校心理危机事件频发,学生的生命价值观教育日益受到关注,生命教育的实践将成为高校心理危机干预教育改革的重要取向。心理危机干预的教育必须重视生命教育,重视学生的内在主体性发展,引导学生认识生命、欣赏生命、尊重生命、创造生命价值。

  8. Analysis on Factors Affecting Freshmen's Psychological Health in Art Colleges and Universities%影响艺术院校新生心理健康的因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周莹莹

    2014-01-01

    艺术院校新生面临着新的环境、老师和同学,大多数新生心理准备不足,因此普遍存在一些不适应,并带来心理上的困惑和问题。本文拟对影响艺术院校新生心理健康的因素进行分析,并提出加强新生心理健康辅导与教育的建议。%Freshmen of art colleges and universities are faced with new environment, teachers and classmates, and most of them lack psychological preparation, so inadaptability is a common phenomenon which brings about psychological confusions and problems. This paper analyzed the factors affecting freshmen's psychological health in art colleges and universities, and proposed suggestions on enhancing the psycholo gical health counseling and education of freshmen.

  9. Research on University Teachers’Psychological Contract Violation and Intervention Based on Stakeholder%基于利益相关者的高校教师心理契约违背及干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晗; 高山

    2015-01-01

    心理契约违背是指组织违背心理契约后员工产生的一种强烈的情绪反应。高校教师心理契约管理作为高校教师管理的一部分,影响着学校的可持续发展。运用利益相关者的理论研究了高校利益相关者各方的利益诉求,根据已有的研究资料构建了心理契约违背及其干预理论模型,从心理期望、工作绩效、组织承诺、工作参与、工作满意度、组织文化与社会环境角度来探究对教师心理契约违背的影响,并在此基础上提出通过充分沟通、绩效反馈、归因管理、构建信任,可以降低教师违背情绪,从而更好地促进高校教师心理契约的履行。%Psychological contract violation refers to the short-term and relatively intense feelings that are often experienced when an employee believes that the organization has violated the psychological contract. Psychological contract management of university teachers,as a part of teacher management in colleges and universities,influences the sustainable development of the school. Based on stake-holder theory,this article researched the interest requirements of universities stakeholders. According to the existing research data,the article built a model exploring the impact of teachers’psychological contract violation from the psychological expectations,job performance,organizational commitment, job involvement,job satisfaction,organizational culture and the social environment angle. And on this basis,we also put forward that through full communication,performance feedback,attribution man-agement,build trust,teachers’feelings of violation can be reduced and the university teachers’psy-chological contract fulfillment can be promoted better.

  10. Discursive social psychology now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Ian

    2012-09-01

    This paper reviews the progress of discourse-analytic approaches in social psychology from the late 1980s to the present day, with a particular focus on the way conceptual and methodological contributions from within the Discourse and Rhetoric Group at Loughborough University have negotiated a positive role for innovative studies of language in the discipline of psychology. Social psychology has become a key site for the accumulation of a series of empirical studies that have seen the flourishing of a distinctive form of 'discursive social psychology' that has succeeded in moving from the margins of the discipline to a more accepted position. The paper traces this trajectory of discourse analysis from the limits to the centre of social psychology attending to five features that now characterise its contribution to psychology; an emphasis on everyday conversation, a concern with interpersonal interaction, explication of formal sequences; an insistence on empirical claims; and fidelity to the ethos of its host discipline. The paper concludes with some comments on the wider context of this new approach inside psychology today.

  11. Discursive and scientific psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Derek

    2012-09-01

    I begin with the origins of Loughborough University's Discourse and Rhetoric Group (DARG), and in particular discursive psychology (DP). Rather than attempting to summarize DP, versions of which are plentiful, the article attempts to clarify various relationships and tensions between DP and other kinds of social psychology, particularly experimental. Common sense psychology is defined as DP's topic rather than rival; the aim is to study how people deploy everyday psychological notions and manage psychological business within talk and text, and what they accomplish by such deployments, rather than trying, as experimental psychology is often characterized as doing, to replace it all with something purportedly better. Claims for DP being particularly interpretative rather than scientific are rejected, by appeal to an 'interpretative gap' between phenomena, data, analysis, and conclusions that all research must manage, that gap being often much larger in quantitative and experimental work. The importance of pursuing causal explanations of psychological phenomena is questioned, and the importance asserted, of discovering, through rigorous empirical and conceptual analysis, the normative bases of human conduct and accountability.

  12. Exploration on the Mode of Psychological Health Educa-tion for Poverty-stricken University Students from the Perspective of Positive Psychology%积极心理学视阈下高校贫困生心理健康教育模式探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛莹莹

    2015-01-01

    在积极心理健康教育理念的带领下,追寻高校贫困生真诚、热爱学习、勤于思考、热情高涨和克己的积极心理品质,从而探究出高校贫困生心理健康教育新型模式。新型模式有三个方面的维度。首先,从主观层面来说,学习心理学知识,了解自我,悦纳自我,培养贫困生积极的主观体验。其次,从个人层面来说,宣传积极的心理品质,培育感染更多的贫困生,形成健康的人格。最后,从群体层面来说,构架积极的组织系统,形成团体激励氛围,促进学生全面发展。%Guided by the concept of positive psychological health education, the writer explores poverty-stricken university stu-dents' positive psychological qualities, including honesty, loving learning, diligence in thinking, enthusiasm and self-control, in order to find a new mode of psychological health education for poverty-stricken university students. The new mode contains three dimensions. The first is the subjective level, that is, learning psychological knowledge, learning about themselves and accept-ing themselves, and cultivating their positive psychological expe-rience. The second is the individual level, that is, publicizing positive psychological qualities among more poverty-stricken u-niversities, thus forming healthy personality. The last is the com-munity level, meaning that a positive organizational structure should be constructed, so as to form group stimulation atmo-sphere and promote students' comprehensive development.

  13. 高校心理健康团体训练体系建构初探%A Preliminary Approach to the Construction of University Psychological Health Group Training System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高媛媛

    2014-01-01

    Faced with the current situation of university students' psychological health and personality development, this research designed targeted group training course system including leader-ship training, developmental training, and corrective training, which will be implemented through the forms of peer counseling and group counseling, aiming to help students acquire physical and psychological health and personality development.%面对当下高校大学生的心理健康与人格发展的现状,本研究有针对性地设计了包括领导力训练、发展性训练与矫正性训练在内的团体训练课程体系,通过朋辈辅导与团体辅导的形式展开的团体训练旨在帮助学生获得身心健康与人格发展。

  14. Relationships between Myers-Briggs type indicator measure of psychological type and neo measure of big five personality factors in Polish University students: a preliminary cross-cultural comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobacyk, Jerome J; Livingston, Mary M; Robbins, James E

    2008-10-01

    English-language versions of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (Form G) measure of psychological type and the NEO-FFI measure of the Big Five personality factors were completed by 57 Polish university students fluent in the English language. The pattern of correlations between MBTI and NEO-FFI scales for the Polish sample was compared to the pattern of correlations for measures of these same constructs reported for Americans. Four of the five significant relationships between MBTI and NEO-FFI scales reported in the American sample were also recorded in the Polish sample: MBTI Extraversion-Introversion with NEO Extraversion, MBTI Sensing-Intuition and MBTI Judging-Perceiving with NEO-Openness, and MBTI Judging-Perceiving with NEO Conscientiousness. Pending replication with a larger, more representative sample, this preliminary study supports the validity of psychological type in Polish society.

  15. Psychical research and the origins of American psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommer, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    Largely unacknowledged by historians of the human sciences, late-19th-century psychical researchers were actively involved in the making of fledgling academic psychology. Moreover, with few exceptions historians have failed to discuss the wider implications of the fact that the founder of academic psychology in America, William James, considered himself a psychical researcher and sought to integrate the scientific study of mediumship, telepathy and other controversial topics into the nascent discipline. Analysing the celebrated exposure of the medium Eusapia Palladino by German-born Harvard psychologist Hugo Münsterberg as a representative example, this article discusses strategies employed by psychologists in the United States to expel psychical research from the agenda of scientific psychology. It is argued that the traditional historiography of psychical research, dominated by accounts deeply averse to its very subject matter, has been part of an ongoing form of ‘boundary-work’ to bolster the scientific status of psychology. PMID:23355763

  16. An Application Study on the Positive Psychology in the Ideological and Political Education in Universities%积极心理学在高校思想政治教育中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高魁; 刘康

    2014-01-01

    The positive psychology, which studies primarily how college students experience positive emotions and establish positive personality traits with a positive social environment, provides a new perspective for the college ideological and political education, Based on an overview of positive psychology, the characteristics of students’ own psychology and the college ideological and political education, the paper believes that it is necessary to carry out the work of ideological and political education under the guidance of positive psychology, and analyze the application effect and enlightenment thinking of the positive psychology in the ideological and political education in universities in order to do a better job in students’ ideological and political education.%积极心理学主要研究大学生如何体验积极情感、建构积极人格特质和积极的社会环境,为高校思想政治教育工作提供了新视角。基于积极心理学的概况,结合高校大学生思想政治教育工作特点及学生自身的心理特点,以积极心理学为指导切实开展大学生思想政治教育工作,分析积极心理学在高校大学生思想政治教育中的应用效果及启示思考,以便更好地做好大学生思想政治教育工作。

  17. Analysis of the psychological status in relation to employment among undergraduates of the Capital Medical University%首都医科大学本科毕业生就业心理状况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜连连; 陈艳伟; 吴巍

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查首都医科大学校本部本科毕业生的就业心理现状,分析影响学生就业心理健康的因素,以便提出改善措施,促进学生心理健康.方法 编制毕业生就业心理调查问卷,采用匿名自填问卷调查方式,分层整群抽样调查首都医科大学校本部6个学院的应届本科毕业生的就业心理现状,运用t检验、秩和检验等统计学方法进行数据分析.结果 被调查人群38.5%感到就业压力大,并且不同学院、不同基础心理状况、就业目标不同的学生就业心理压力大小有差异,就业压力对学生生活的影响较大.结论 首都医科大学本科毕业生就业问题突出,加强学生就业指导,促进学生就业心理健康非常必要.%Objective To improve students' psychological health related to job hunting through an investigation into the psychological status of undergraduates in Capital Medical University. Methods We compiled a questionnaire, the importance of the survey to the respondents, applied the anonymous method, and asked them to fill the forms. The sampling method we took was stratified cluster sampling, in selected six classes from six schools to investigate the psychological status of students, then we analyzed the data by using T test and nonparametric test methods. Results The survey showed that, 38. 5% respondents suffered severe psychological pressure, which has negative influence on students' normal life. Students in different schools with different basic psychological status and different goals had different levels of pressure. Conclusion Undergraduates in this university have severe psychological pressure and some of them are bothered by job hunting.

  18. The psychological toll of slum living—an assessment of mental health, disability, and slum-related adversities in Mumbai, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Ramnath Subbaraman, MD

    2014-05-01

    Funding: The Fogarty International Clinical Research Fellows Program at Vanderbilt (R24 TW007988, Harvard T32 post-doctoral clinical research fellowship (NIAID AI 007433, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (5R24HD047879, the National Institutes of Health (5T32HD007163, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University.

  19. "Teaching Physics as one of the humanities": The history of (harvard) project Physics, 1961-1970

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meshoulam, David

    In the United States after World War II, science had come to occupy a central place in the minds of policy makers, scientists, and the public. Negotiating different views between these groups proved a difficult task and spilled into debates over the role and scope of science education. To examine this process, this dissertation traces the history of Harvard Project Physics (HPP), a high-school physics curriculum from the 1960s that incorporated a humanistic and historical approach to teaching science. The narrative begins with the rise of General Education in the 1940s. Under the leadership of Harvard president James Conant, faculty at Harvard developed several Natural Science courses that connected science to history as a way to teach students about science and its relationship to culture. By the late 1950s this historical approach faced resistance from scientists who viewed it as misrepresenting their disciplines and called for students to learn specialized subject matter. With the support of the National Science Foundation (NSF), in the early 1960s scientists' vision of science education emerged in high-school classrooms across the country. By the mid 1960s, with the passage of the Civil Rights Act, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, and the Daddario Amendment to the NSF, the political and education landscape began to change. These laws transformed the goals of two of the NSF and the Office of Education (USOE). These organizations faced demands to work together to develop projects that would speak to domestic concerns over equity and diversity. Their first joint educational venture was HPP. In order to succeed, HPP had to speak to the needs of disciplinary-minded scientists at the NSF, equity-minded educators at the USOE, and results-focused politicians in Congress. This work argues that HPP succeeded because it met the needs of these various stakeholders regarding the roles of science and education in American society.

  20. Psychological empowerment: issues and illustrations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, M A

    1995-10-01

    Discussed several issues related to psychological empowerment. The thesis of this paper is that the development of a universal and global measure of psychological empowerment may not be a feasible or appropriate goal. I begin by distinguishing between empowerment processes and outcomes. Underlying assumptions are discussed including the notion that empowerment differs across people, contexts, and times. A nomological network that includes intrapersonal, interactional, and behavioral components is also presented. Two examples of psychological empowerment for voluntary service organization members and members of a mutual help organization are described to help illustrate differences in the specific variables that may be used to measure psychological empowerment in different populations and settings.

  1. The Magic of Psychology in Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fendler, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    Educational psychology is a curricular requirement for most teacher preparation programs in the world. Knowledge of educational psychology is assessed on examinations for teacher licensure in most jurisdictions, and understanding of psychology is assumed to be indispensible for effective teaching at all levels. Traditional university-based…

  2. The Magic of Psychology in Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fendler, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    Educational psychology is a curricular requirement for most teacher preparation programs in the world. Knowledge of educational psychology is assessed on examinations for teacher licensure in most jurisdictions, and understanding of psychology is assumed to be indispensible for effective teaching at all levels. Traditional university-based…

  3. Use of a supplementary internet based education program improves sleep literacy in college psychology students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quan, Stuart F; Anderson, Janis L; Hodge, Gordon K

    2013-02-01

    Knowledge regarding the importance of sleep in health and performance and good sleep hygiene practices is low, especially among adolescents and young adults. It is important to improve sleep literacy. Introductory psychology is one of the most highly enrolled courses at colleges and universities. This study tested the impact of an Internet-based learning module on improving sleep literacy in this venue. An Internet-based supplementary learning module containing sleep physiology and hygiene information was developed using content from the Harvard Medical School sleep educational website http://www.understandingsleep.org. Access to the module was provided as an extra credit activity for 2 of 4 sections (Supplemental Sleep, SS, N = 889) of an introductory college psychology course during their standard instruction on sleep and dreaming. The remaining 2 sections (Standard Instruction, SI, N = 878) only were encouraged to visit the website without further direction. Level of knowledge was assessed before and after availability to the module/website and at the end of the semester. Students were asked to complete a survey at the end of the semester inquiring whether they made any changes in their sleep behaviors. Two hundred fifty students participated in the extra credit activity and had data available at all testing points. Students in the SS Group had a significant improvement in sleep knowledge test scores after interacting with the website in comparison to the SI group (19.41 ± 3.15 vs. 17.94 ± 3.08, p level, at the end of the semester. In addition, 55.9% of the SS group versus 45.1% of the SI group indicated that they made changes in their sleep habits after participation in the extra credit sleep activity (p students enrolled in an introductory college psychology course.

  4. Norms of German adolescents for the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter, Burkhard; Geiger, Emilia; Prade, Tanja; Vogel, Sarah; Piesbergen, Christoph

    2015-01-01

    The Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A (HGSHS:A) has not been explicitly tested on an adolescent population. In this study, the German version of the HGSHS:A was administered to 99 German adolescents aged 15 to 19. In contrast to other studies, the gender distribution was relatively balanced: 57% female and 43% male. Results were comparable to 14 earlier studies with regard to distribution, mean, and standard deviation. Some peculiarities in contrast to the 14 previous studies are pointed out. It is concluded that the HGSHS:A can be used as a valid and reliable instrument to measure hypnotic suggestibility in adolescent samples.

  5. Design and Implementation of the Harvard Fellowship in Patient Safety and Quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandhi, Tejal K; Abookire, Susan A; Kachalia, Allen; Sands, Kenneth; Mort, Elizabeth; Bommarito, Grace; Gagne, Jane; Sato, Luke; Weingart, Saul N

    2016-01-01

    The Harvard Fellowship in Patient Safety and Quality is a 2-year physician-oriented training program with a strong operational orientation, embedding trainees in the quality departments of participating hospitals. It also integrates didactic and experiential learning and offers the option of obtaining a master's degree in public health. The program focuses on methodologically rigorous improvement and measurement, with an emphasis on the development and implementation of innovative practice. The operational orientation is intended to foster the professional development of future quality and safety leaders. The purpose of this article is to describe the design and development of the fellowship.

  6. The allegheny general modification of the Harvard Breast Cosmesis Scale for the retreated breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trombetta, Mark; Julian, Thomas B; Kim, Yongbok; Werts, E Day; Parda, David

    2009-10-01

    The use of brachytherapy--and to a lesser extent, external-beam radiotherapy--in the management of locally recurrent breast cancer following ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) followed by repeat breast-conservation surgery and irradiation is currently an area of intense study. The current cosmetic scoring system is inadequate to score the outcome resulting from retreatment because it does not account for the cosmetic effect of the initial treatment. We propose a modification of the scale for patients who undergo retreatment--the Allegheny General Modification of the Harvard/NSABP/RTOG scoring scale.

  7. The Implement of Psychological Debriefing after Crisis in University%高校危机事件后团体心理抒压的实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑小方

    2011-01-01

    高校在建立心理危机预警机制的前提下,形成一种行之有效的危机事后团体心理抒压模式也非常必要,它能有效减少危机事件产生的不良影响,促进学生健康成长。%Under the premise of building psychological crisis pre-warning mechanism,it's very necessary to form an effective psychological debriefing,which can reduce the negative effects of crisis,and promote the healthy growth of students.

  8. Intentionality and Narrativity in Phenomenological Psychological ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Christopher R Stones

    analysis, all self-clarification of consciousness that finds its ...... Giorgi, A. (2009). The descriptive phenomenological method in psychology: A modified Husserlian approach. ... University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.

  9. A Comparative Study on the Differences of the Sense of Psychological Pressure on Hunan University Students%湖南省高校大学生心理压力感差异的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚勋; 徐远超

    2011-01-01

    Based on the Thermometer for Psychological Pressure of University Students, a survey of the university students from 22 universities in Hunan Province has been conducted and the conclusions are as follows: generally, the students' ability to resist psychological pressure is at a relatively low level. Male students are more sensitive than female ones in terms of general stress, personal psychological stress and social and environmental stress; students in the fourth year have the biggest pressure, followed by students in the second year; minor differences only lie in stress of love and sense of inferiority between students from different types of universities; students of different majors have different sense of social and environmental stress; students in science and engineering are more capable to resist social and environmental stress, adaptable stress, emotional stress and stress of employment than that in other majors. Furthermore, students from rural areas suffer more from personal psychological pressure than those from urban areas.%借助《大学生心理压力感量表》对湖南省22所高校高校大学生进行调查,发现湖南省高校大学生总体心理压力感处于较低压力水平;男生的总体压力感、个人自身心理压力感、社会环境压力感都非常显著地高于女生;大四学生心理压力感压力最大,其次是大二年级学生;不同类型高校大学生心理压力感的差异仅表现在恋爱压力和自卑压力两个因子上;不同专业大学生心理压力感在社会环境心理压力感上存在显著差异,理工科在社会环境压力、适应压力、择业压力、情绪压力方面高于其他专业学生;农村来源大学生的个人自身心理压力感高于城镇来源大学生。

  10. 积极心理学理念下的高校助学帮困工作新探%The New Exploration into the Assistance Work in University for Needy Students with Positive Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓婷

    2015-01-01

    积极心理学注重探索人的积极力量,着重研究人的积极体验、积极品质和积极的社会制度。高校助学帮困工作面临着贷款工作“催款难、还款难”的困境,以及贫困学生的心理、学业困境有待解决的问题,而积极心理学能够给助学帮困工作带来解决的方法与措施:贫困生“导生制”引导学生在朋辈教育中形成积极体验;个性化教育针对不同的学生分别教育,培养每个贫困生独特的积极品质;目标分层培养模式促进学校形成积极的教育环境。%Positive psychology is a study that pays attention to the positive power of humanity, and mainly studies the positive experi-ence, quality of human beings and the positive social system.During the assistance work in university for needy students, we have to face the loan troubles that it is very difficult to call students’ loan and let them give the repayment.Meanwhile, how to help the poor students out of psychological and academic difficulties is also a trouble.The significance and methods of the assistance work in univer-sity for needy students can be got from lessons of the concepts of positive psychology.Under the concepts of positive psychology, the monitorial system for poor students can guide them to form a positive experience in peer education, the unique positive quality of each poor student can be cultivated by individualized education which focuses on different education for different students, and the positive university education environment also can be promoted by the training mode of multi-level target.These measures which is of help ed-ucation significance for poor students can not only inspire educators to carry on the positive education for poor students, but also help the problems of the assistance work in university for needy students to be solved.

  11. Psychological Empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Flohrer, Nick

    2014-01-01

    Instilling psychological empowerment in employees is one of the most important tasks of modern leadership. Building on quantitative research and the development of a new psychometric scale related to project management this thesis shows: First, individuals' characteristics and their work team environment influence perceptions of access to information and resources – two important antecedents of psychological empowerment. Second, while a project briefing strengthens the link of the psychologic...

  12. The Psychological Characteristic of Gratitude-Evidence from University Students%大学生“知恩图报”的心理反应特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒲清平; 朱丽萍

    2012-01-01

    Gratitude is a muhiple social cognition, which results from the positive cognition and emotion one feels when another person intentionally gives, or attempts to give something of value. The current study used a behavioral test to explore individuals" reaction in consciousness, emotion and behavior, aiming to investigate the psychological mechanism of gratitude. As paid volunteers, 52 undergraduates (28 males, 24 females, mean age = 22) from Chongqing University participated in the ex- periment. The subjects were randomly assigned in either gratitude condition or non - gratitude condition, and were instructed to partici- pate in a lucky draw game online. Every three subjects were assigned to a group. They chose one circle of the four which appear on the computer screen in turn, then obtained the number which the circle represented. The number was either positive or negative. Their re- ward depended on the total number they got in the whole game. If oneg score came to zero, he would be required to quit this game and got nothing in return. In fact, 'all the numbers that the subjects got in the trials were arranged in advance. Besides the real subject, the other two in the same group were phony. During the game, the subjects experienced the same situation that their total scores became zero. However, one half of them received 10 scores from the phony "Zhang Changjun" who helped them to continue the game (grateful condition) ; the other half continue with this game by receiving 10 scores from the computer system ( ungrateful condition). The game continued until the helper Zhang Changjung score got to zero. Then, the system asked the subjects whether they would like to donate scores in order to help him finish this game, and the scores that the subjects gave to the benefactor were recorded. The gratitude consciousness was meas- ured 'after the subjects got 10 scores in different ways. Moreover, the emotion was tested when the subjects received the favor from the

  13. [Political psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resch, Mária; Bella, Tamás

    2013-04-21

    In Hungary one can mostly find references to the psychological processes of politics in the writings of publicists, public opinion pollsters, philosophers, social psychologists, and political analysts. It would be still important if not only legal scientists focusing on political institutions or sociologist-politologists concentrating on social structures could analyse the psychological aspects of political processes; but one could also do so through the application of the methods of political psychology. The authors review the history of political psychology, its position vis-à-vis other fields of science and the essential interfaces through which this field of science, which is still to be discovered in Hungary, connects to other social sciences. As far as its methodology comprising psycho-biographical analyses, questionnaire-based queries, cognitive mapping of interviews and statements are concerned, it is identical with the psychiatric tools of medical sciences. In the next part of this paper, the focus is shifted to the essence and contents of political psychology. Group dynamics properties, voters' attitudes, leaders' personalities and the behavioural patterns demonstrated by them in different political situations, authoritativeness, games, and charisma are all essential components of political psychology, which mostly analyses psychological-psychiatric processes and also involves medical sciences by relying on cognitive and behavioural sciences. This paper describes political psychology, which is basically part of social sciences, still, being an interdisciplinary science, has several ties to medical sciences through psychological and psychiatric aspects.

  14. Effect of Positive Psychology Elements on Job Pride and Honor with an Emphasis on Mediating Role of Communication among Faculty Members of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosein Kamani, Seyed Mohammad

    2017-01-01

    Job pride and honor is affected by various causes. Elements of positive psychology can be pointed out as one of them that in recent years has played an important role in organizational development. Hence, this study is to provide a prediction model about the impact of hope and resilience on job pride and honor with an emphasis on mediator role of…

  15. Evolution of the New Pathway curriculum at Harvard Medical School: the new integrated curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dienstag, Jules L

    2011-01-01

    In 1985, Harvard Medical School adopted a "New Pathway" curriculum, based on active, adult learning through problem-based, faculty-facilitated small-group tutorials designed to promote lifelong skills of self-directed learning. Despite the successful integration of clinically relevant material in basic science courses, the New Pathway goals were confined primarily to the preclinical years. In addition, the shifting balance in the delivery of health care from inpatient to ambulatory settings limited the richness of clinical education in clinical clerkships, creating obstacles for faculty in their traditional roles as teachers. In 2006, Harvard Medical School adopted a more integrated curriculum based on four principles that emerged after half a decade of self-reflection and planning: (1) integrate the teaching of basic/population science and clinical medicine throughout the entire student experience; (2) reestablish meaningful and intensive faculty-student interactions and reengage the faculty; (3) develop a new model of clinical education that offers longitudinal continuity of patient experience, cross-disciplinary curriculum, faculty mentoring, and student evaluation; and (4) provide opportunities for all students to pursue an in-depth, faculty-mentored scholarly project. These principles of our New Integrated Curriculum reflect our vision for a curriculum that fosters a partnership between students and faculty in the pursuit of scholarship and leadership.

  16. Harvard-MIT research program in short-lived radiopharmaceuticals. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adelstein, S.J. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Office of Sponsored Programs

    1995-02-01

    The Harvard-MIT Research Program in Short-lived Radiopharmaceuticals was established in 1977 to foster interaction among groups working in radiopharmaceutical chemistry at Harvard Medical School, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the Massachusetts General Hospital. To this was added a group at The Childrens Hospital. From these collaborations and building upon the special strengths of the participating individuals, laboratories and institutions, it was hoped that original approaches would be found for the design of new, clinically useful, radiolabeled compounds. The original thrust of this proposal included: (a) examination of the coordination chemistry of technetium as a basis for rational radiopharmaceutical design, (b) development of an ultrashort-lived radionuclide generator for the diagnosis of congenital heart disease in newborns, (c) synthesis of receptor-site-directed halopharmaceuticals, (d) improved facile labeling of complex molecules with positron-emitting radionuclides. The authors` 1986 proposal was oriented toward organs and disease, emphasizing radiolabeled agents that delineate specific functions and the distribution of receptors in brain, heart, and tumors. In 1989, they further refined their purposes and focused on two major aims: (a) synthesis and utilization of neutral technetium and rhenium complexes of high specific activity, and (b) development of new approaches to the radiolabeling of proteins, peptides, immunoglobulins, and their fragments. In 1992, the authors amended this proposal to concentrate their efforts on biologically active peptides and proteins for targeted radiodiagnosis and therapy.

  17. Findings from the Harvard Medical School Cambridge Integrated Clerkship, a Year-Long Longitudinal Psychiatry Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Elisa; Hirsh, David; Gaufberg, Elizabeth; Griswold, Todd; Wesley Boyd, J

    2017-06-23

    The Harvard Medical School Cambridge Integrated Clerkship is a longitudinal integrated clerkship that has provided an alternative clinical model for medical education in psychiatry since its inception in 2004. This study was undertaken in an effort to better understand the student experience of the Cambridge Integrated Clerkship and how it may have impacted students' perceptions of and interest in psychiatry, as well as performance. Qualitative surveys were sent via e-mail to the first 11 student cohorts who had completed the Cambridge Integrated Clerkship (from 2004 to 2014) and for whom we had e-mail addresses (N = 100), and the free-text responses were coded thematically. All available standardized scoring data and residency match data for Cambridge Integrated Clerkship graduates were obtained. From 2006 to 2014, 12 out of 73 Cambridge Integrated Clerkship students who entered the match chose a psychiatry residency (16.4%), four times more than students in traditional clerkships at Harvard Medical School (3.8% of 1355 students) or the national average (4.1% of 146,066 US applicants). Thirty of the 100 surveyed Cambridge Integrated Clerkship graduates (30%) responded to the qualitative survey with free-text remarks on a number of themes. Cambridge Integrated Clerkship students compared positively to their classmates in terms of standardized test performance. Their fourfold higher match rate into psychiatry compared to other students raises intriguing questions as to what role a longitudinal clerkship might have played in developing interest in psychiatry as a career.

  18. Does it really care? The Harvard report on health care reform for Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Po-wah, J T

    1999-12-01

    This paper aims to provide a rendition of the care ethic in Confucian philosophy and to argue that social policy developments in Hong Kong society, including health care policy, have been significantly shaped and justified in terms of the ideal of care in the Confucian moral tradition. On the basis of this analysis, the paper raises a number of questions about a recent proposal for health care reform for Hong Kong put forth by the Harvard School of Public Health which argues for adopting the principle of equity as the overriding value for the moral foundation of Hong Kong's health care system. The paper examines how the over-emphasis on equity in the Harvard Report proposals can lead to the erosion of care and ultimately the eclipse of the vision of care in Hong Kong's health care system. It argues that the pursuit of equity, which is itself a valuable principle, should not displace the importance of the value of care or undermine the ideal of care and that health care decisions must be firmly embedded in local cultures and moral traditions.

  19. 新时期地方高校贫困生心理问题与心理疏导%Problems and Psychological Guidance to Money-less Students in Local University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾朝晖

    2012-01-01

      新时期地方高校贫困生由于经济上的窘迫及就业的无奈等,存在着较大的心理压力,其心理压力的社会成因包括素质教育的参差不齐,庸俗文化的负面影响与资助政策的不完善等方面。我们可依据心理疏导的原则,考虑各种不同情况,建立起具体的疏导模式,确定系统、有效的疏导对策。%  Economic distress and self-devalued psychology of interpersonal relationships and helpless of the employment have brought lots of psychological pressures and negative effects to poor students in local university in the new period. The social reasons of psychological pressure include inequality of quality education, negative effects of vulgar culture, increment of employment pressure, and shortage of funded, imperfect of financial policy and so on. Considering of several of conditions, counseling model is established according to the counseling principles and the effective countermeasures are proposed.

  20. 北京大学临床医学生心理压力现状及对策研究%Investigation on Psychological Stress among Clinical Students in Peking University and Its Countermeasure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐燚; 周庆环; 陈红; 王杉

    2011-01-01

    通过问卷调查的方式,对北京大学人民医院91名临床医学生心理压力现状及产生原因进行调查.结果显示,造成医学生心理压力的重要原因依次为学业课程负担重、择业压力以及医患关系紧张.从人本主义角度出发,应从社会、教育教学管理部门等多个层面入手采取措施,减轻医学生心理压力,培养其形成正确的职业观、择业观和医患观.%By questionnaire survey, we investigate the status of psychological stress among 91 medical students in the Peoples Hospital of Peking University. The result shows, the important reasons that bring about psychological stress to medical students are heavy academic course load, job - hunting pressure and tension between doctors and patients according to priority. Certain counterstrategies must be taken from the humanistic perspective on social, teaching management and other aspects to relieve the clinical students'psychological stress, cultivate their forming of correct concepts of career, job - hunting and doctor - patient relationship.

  1. 大学生心理危机及干预机制构建的思考%Relfection on University Students’ Psychological Crisis and the Construction of Intervening System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐景皓

    2015-01-01

    In recent years,the number of susceptible population for psychological crisis is on the rise, which highlights the necessity and urgency for psychological crisis intervention for university students. Study shows that such crisis can only be coped with by a scientific and systematic psychological crisis intervention mechanism,which will nip it in the bud, and ifnally guarantee the healthy growth of students.%近年来,心理危机的易感人群呈进一步扩大化趋势,这也凸显了对大学生进行心理危机干预的必要性和紧迫性。研究发现,只有建立起科学化、体系化的心理危机干预机制,才能有效应对大学生心理危机,将危机遏制于萌芽状态,以利于学生健康成长。

  2. A Study of the Application of Psychological Counseling in the Ideological and Political Education in Colleges and Universities%浅析心理咨询技能在高校思想政治教育中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪红艳

    2016-01-01

    心理咨询与思想政治教育是高校大学生工作中两个重要方面,两者既有区别,又有联系。将心理咨询的技能融入思想政治教育工作,既培养了大学生健康的心理和健全的人格,又解决大学生的思想问题,适应了高校全面提高人才素质的要求。%Psychological counseling and Ideological and Political Education, different yet related, are two important aspects in the student work in colleges and universities. The incorporation of psychological counseling skills into the ideological and political education work, not only cultivates healthy psychology and sound personality of college students, but also solves the ideological problems, meeting the social demand of the comprehensive improvement of the talents.

  3. Research on the Psychological Contract Violation and Reestablishment of University Librarians --Empirical Investigation and Analysis of University Librarians in Shaanxi Province%高校图书馆员心理契约违背与重建研究——陕西省高校图书馆员实证调研与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    井水

    2012-01-01

    图书馆2.0时代馆员心理契约有了新的内涵。通过对陕西省高校图书馆员的实证调研可知,影响馆员心理契约违背的变量包括组织支持感、领导一成员交换关系、组织政治行为和个体认知差异。从社会交换理论的角度构建馆员心理契约违背的嵌套模型,有助于提升高校图书馆员组织支持感,合理利用领导成员交换关系,减少组织公民政治行为,满足馆员个性化心理需求,重建馆员心理契约。%In the era of Lib2.0, the psychological contract of librarians has new connotations. The empirical investigation into university librarians in Shaanxi province shows that variables influencing the psychological contract violation of librarians include the perceived organizational support, the leader-member exchange relationship, the organizational political behavior, individual cognitive differences. Constructing the nested model of the psychological contract violation from the view of the social exchange theory contributes to promoting the perceived organizational support of university librarians, making use of the leader-member exchange relationship rationally, reducing the organizational political behavior, satisfying the personalized psychological demand, and reestablishing the psychological contract of librarians.

  4. A distributed model: redefining a robust research subject advocacy program at the Harvard Clinical and Translational Science Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Sabune J; Cagliero, Enrico; Witte, Elizabeth; Bierer, Barbara E

    2014-08-01

    The Harvard Clinical and Translational Science Center ("Harvard Catalyst") Research Subject Advocacy (RSA) Program has reengineered subject advocacy, distributing the delivery of advocacy functions through a multi-institutional, central platform rather than vesting these roles and responsibilities in a single individual functioning as a subject advocate. The program is process-oriented and output-driven, drawing on the strengths of participating institutions to engage local stakeholders both in the protection of research subjects and in advocacy for subjects' rights. The program engages stakeholder communities in the collaborative development and distributed delivery of accessible and applicable educational programming and resources. The Harvard Catalyst RSA Program identifies, develops, and supports the sharing and distribution of expertise, education, and resources for the benefit of all institutions, with a particular focus on the frontline: research subjects, researchers, research coordinators, and research nurses.

  5. Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staats, Arthur W.

    1994-01-01

    Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism. PMID:22478175

  6. Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staats, A W

    1994-01-01

    Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism.

  7. Psychological experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boven, Martijn; Emmanuel, Steven M.; McDonald, William; Stewart, Jon

    2015-01-01

    For Kierkegaard the ‘psychological experiment’ is a literary strategy. It enables him to dramatize an existential conflict in an experimental mode. Kierkegaard’s aim is to study the source of movement that animates the existing individual (this is the psychological part). However, he is not interest

  8. 高校心理委员队伍建设的思考%Reflection on Development of Commissary Team in Charge of Psychological Health in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周雅楠

    2015-01-01

    心理委员是师生之间的桥梁和纽带,这一群体在高校心理健康教育工作中发挥着不可小觑的作用。加强心理委员队伍建设不仅是高校开展心理健康教育工作的基础和保障,更是及时化解心理危机,构建和谐稳定校园的关键所在。%commissary in charge of psychological health acts as the bridge and link between teach-ers and students.They play a great role in mental health education in colleges and universities.So strengthen development of the commissary team not only lays the foundation for colleges and universities to carry out mental health education,but it can also help resolve psychological crisis,a key to establish harmonious and stable campus.

  9. 高校心理辅导员的角色要求与队伍建设%The Role Demands of Psychological Counselors in Colleges and Universities and Team Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国进

    2013-01-01

    目前,高校心理辅导员工作内容庞杂、工作方法偏于管教。然而,心理导员的角色要求其工作内容要专精、工作方法须注重引导。因此,为缓解矛盾,需从严格准入条件、明确工作职责、规范评价体系、加强专业培训、注重团队建设等方面着手,提高高校心理辅导员的队伍专业化水平。%At present, psychological counselors of universities deal with wide and miscellaneous work, stress manage and teach as their main working method as wel . However, the role itself calls for specialization of work content and guidance of work method. As a consequence, to relief the contradiction, some measures should be taken to improve the specialization of psychological counselors in universities such as restrict access conditions, clear job responsibilities, standardize evaluation system, strengthen professional training, stress team building and so on.

  10. Positive Effect of Sexual Psychology on Public Physical Education in Colleges and Universities%两性心理驱动大学公共体育教学效果的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱锋

    2014-01-01

    当代大学生时值智慧焕发时期,个体心理恰好脱离心理断乳期。在公共体育课堂教学中恰当运用两性心理相互驱动的发育规律,对大学生身体素质和运动能力的提高有重要意义。体育课中将青春期的朝气具有的兴奋和好奇心理给予恰当诱导,能使大学公共体育课堂教学的效果明显提高,对大学生体育教学将起到良性影响的作用。%Sincecollege students are becoming psychologically mature while developing intelligence,their physical fitness and sports capacity will be improved if the psychological attraction between two sexes is employed in physi-cal educationpractice in colleges and universities.The excitement and curiosity presented in adolescence,if properly manipulated in public physical education course could patently enhance the teaching effect of the course in colleges and universities,and have a positive impact on physical education of the students in general.

  11. Exposure to Family Violence, Perceived Psychological Adjustment of Parents, and the Development of Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms Among Palestinian University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haj-Yahia, Muhammad M; Bargal, David

    2015-10-01

    The article presents the results of a study on the relationship between exposure to (i.e., witnessing and experiencing) different patterns and types of family violence during childhood, during adolescence, and during young adulthood, on one hand, and adult post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), on the other. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1,969 Palestinian students using a self-administered questionnaire. The results reveal that the more the participants witnessed and experienced psychological aggression (PS) and physical violence (PH) in their families of origin, the more they exhibited PTSS. Furthermore, the results indicate that a significant amount of the variance in the participants' PTSS could be attributed to their exposure to family violence, over and above the amounts of variance that were explained by their sociodemographic characteristics and by their perceptions of their parents' psychological adjustment. The limitations of the study and implications for future research are discussed.

  12. The Harvard Catalyst Common Reciprocal IRB Reliance Agreement: an innovative approach to multisite IRB review and oversight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Sabune J; Witte, Elizabeth; Bierer, Barbara E

    2015-02-01

    Reduction of duplicative Institutional Review Board (IRB) review for multiinstitutional studies is a desirable goal to improve IRB efficiency while enhancing human subject protections. Here we describe the Harvard Catalyst Master Reciprocal Common IRB Reliance Agreement (MRA), a system that provides a legal framework for IRB reliance, with the potential to streamline IRB review processes and reduce administrative burden and barriers to collaborative, multiinstitutional research. The MRA respects the legal autonomy of the signatory institutions while offering a pathway to eliminate duplicative IRB review when appropriate. The Harvard Catalyst MRA provides a robust and flexible model for reciprocal reliance that is both adaptable and scalable.

  13. Positive Health Psychology: An Interview with Shelley Taylor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rich, Grant Jewell

    2000-01-01

    Presents an interview with Shelley Taylor, a professor of Psychology at the University of California in Los Angles (California). Addresses topics such as how she became interested in psychology, the importance of health psychology in the curriculum, the ideal training for students in health psychology, and her work with "positive illusions." (CMK)

  14. Digitization Procedures of Analogue Seismograms from the Adam Dziewonski Observatory (HRV) at Harvard, MA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torpey, M.; Ishii, M.

    2010-12-01

    This project explores methods of digitization of analogue seismic recordings for better preservation and to facilitate data distribution to the community. Different techniques are investigated using seismograms from one particular station, the Adam Dziewonski Observatory (HRV) at Harvard, Massachusetts. This seismological station, still in operation as a part of the Global Seismographic Network today, is one of the oldest stations in the United States. The station was built in 1933, and since its installation, the station has produced approximately 16,000 analogue seismograms. The majority of these recordings were taken between 1933 and 1953, with some intermittent recordings between 1962 and 1998 after digital seismometers had become a standard. These analogue seismograms have the potential of expanding the database for seismological research such as identification of events previously not catalogued. Due to poor storage environment at the station, some of the records, especially those on regular type of paper, are damaged beyond repair. Nevertheless, many of the records on photographic paper are in better condition, and we have focused on a subset of these recordings that are least damaged. Even these seismograms require cleaning and, in consultation with the Weissman Preservation Center of Harvard Library, preparation techniques for the photographic records are examined. After the seismograms are cleaned and flattened, three different equipments are investigated for digitization, i.e., a copy machine, scanner, and camera. These instruments allow different imaging resolutions, ranging from 200 dots per inch (dpi) to 800 dpi. The image resolution and the bit depth have a wide range of implications that are closely linked to the digitization program one chooses to convert the image to time series. We explore three different software for this conversion, SeisDig (Bromirski and Chuang, 2003), Teseo2 (Pintore and Quintiliani, 2008), and NeuraLog (www

  15. Influence of Marital Relations of Parents on the Students'Psychological Quality in the Universities%父母婚姻关系对大学生心理素质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽芳; 王志波

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨父母的婚姻关系对大学生心理素质产生的影响。方法采用症状自评量表( SCL-90)、青少年生活事件量表( ASLEC)、应付方式问卷及自编的个人信息表,对519名大学生进行了调查。结果父母关系和谐的学生心理健康水平显著高于父母关系一般和不和的学生(F=5.106,P<0.01);父母关系不和的学生在总应激强度(F=5.955,P<0.01)、学习压力(F=5.648,P<0.01)、受惩罚(F=10.181,P<0.001)、丧失(F=3.384,P<0.05)因子上显著高于其他学生(包括离异家庭的学生),而父母关系和谐的学生应激强度最小;父母离异的大学生比其他学生更多地采取自责的方式,但不存在显著差异(P﹥0.05)。结论父母婚姻关系对大学生的心理素质有明显的影响,父母关系和谐是提高大学生心理素质的重要因素,而关系不和对培养大学生良好的心理素质危害最大。%Objective To investigate the influence of parents'marital relations on university students'psychological quality .Methods A total of 519 university students were evaluated with psychological health check list ( SCL -90 ) , adolescent self-rating life events check list(ASLEC),coping style questionnaire and self-designed personal information sheet .Results The students whose parents'rela-tionship were harmonious had a significantly higher level psychological health than those whose parents 'relationship were common or divi-sive(F=5.106,P<0.01).The students whose parents'relationship were divisive had significantly higher level stress intensity ,study pressure,paying the penalty and losing than others including the students whose parents were divorced (F=3.384~10.181,P<0.05). The stress intensity was smallest in the students whose parents'relationship was harmonious .The students whose parents were divorced used more self-accusation than others ,but there were

  16. 基于系统基模的我国高校教师心理健康问题分析及对策%Analysis on Psychological Health Problems of Teachers in Universities and Colleges Based on System Archetype

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周汉清; 蒋敏; 李丽清

    2016-01-01

    The psychological health of teachers in universities and colleges is one of the focuses of attention. According to the survey in recent years, it is well known that it is far beyond an optimistic prospect. Based on a lit-erature review, the paper analyzes the influencing factors from three aspects of the society, colleges and universi-ties, and teachers, and on this basis, with the system archetypes method of Peter Senge, builds up four archetypes of psychological health of teachers in universities and college. The paper makes a qualitative analysis, in order to lay a theoretical foundation for improving teachers' mental health.%高校教师的心理健康是人们关注的热点之一。近几年的调查发现,高校教师心理健康前景不容乐观。本文在大量阅读国内外文献的基础上,从社会、学校、教师三个层面分析影响高校教师心理健康的因素,并在此基础上借助彼得·圣吉的系统基模分析技术构建4个影响高校教师心里健康的系统基模,并进行定性分析,为改善高校教师心理健康状况提供理论依据。

  17. 基于积极心理学角度的高校就业教育调查研究%Research on employment education in colleges and universities based on the perspective of positive psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩燕燕; 黄阳华; 莫洪雄

    2013-01-01

    大学生就业事关毕业生切身利益和社会经济发展稳定,影响大学生成功就业的因素很多,其中,高校就业教育是不可忽视的因素。以积极心理学的角度分析和关注学生就业教育,探讨如何激发出学生对于就业现实的深刻认识和积极态度,避免在不利外部环境影响下学生就业心理与就业状况相互牵制陷入恶性循环,同时强调人性的积极性,研究和培养人固有的积极潜力、积极力量,使学生保持良好的就业心态并采取积极主动的就业行为。%The employment of university students is related to the immediate interests of graduates and social stability and economic development, factors affecting the successful employment of university students are so many, employment education in colleges and universities is a factor that can not be ignored. From the perspective of positive psychology to analyze and pay attention to students' employment education, discusses how to inspire students to understand the reality of employment and positive attitude, to avoid students' employment psychology and employment status of each other into a vicious spiral in the adverse external environment influence, also stress the enthusiasm of human nature, research and culture inherent positive potential and positive power, to enable students to maintain good attitude and take proactive employment behavior.

  18. Multifractal Omori-Utsu Law for Earthquake Triggering: New Tests on the Harvard and Japanese Catalogs

    CERN Document Server

    Ouillon, G; Sornette, D

    2006-01-01

    The Multifractal Stress-Activated (MSA) model is a statistical model of triggered seismicity based on mechanical and thermodynamic principles. It predicts that, above a triggering magnitude cut-off $M_0$, the exponent $p$ of the Omori-Utsu law for the seismic decay of aftershocks is a linear increasing function $p(M) =a M+b$ of the mainshock magnitude $M$ [Ouillon and Sornette, 2005]. First empirical support for this prediction has been presented for the Southern California SCEC catalog. Here, we confirm this law on the worlwide Harvard CMT and the Japanese JMA catalogs, with similar ranges of variation from $p(M=3)=0.7 \\pm 0.1$ to $p(M=8)=1.1 \\pm 0.2$. However, the statistically significant differences of the slopes $a$, intercepts $b$ and cut-offs $M_0$ suggest different multifractal properties of the three catalogs, likely associated with different thermal and mechanical properties.

  19. Specific trauma subtypes improve the predictive validity of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire in Iraqi refugees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnetz, Bengt B; Broadbridge, Carissa L; Jamil, Hikmet; Lumley, Mark A; Pole, Nnamdi; Barkho, Evone; Fakhouri, Monty; Talia, Yousif Rofa; Arnetz, Judith E

    2014-12-01

    Trauma exposure contributes to poor mental health among refugees, and exposure often is measured using a cumulative index of items from the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ). Few studies, however, have asked whether trauma subtypes derived from the HTQ could be superior to this cumulative index in predicting mental health outcomes. A community sample of recently arrived Iraqi refugees (N = 298) completed the HTQ and measures of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms. Principal components analysis of HTQ items revealed a 5-component subtype model of trauma that accounted for more item variance than a 1-component solution. These trauma subtypes also accounted for more variance in PTSD and depression symptoms (12 and 10%, respectively) than did the cumulative trauma index (7 and 3%, respectively). Trauma subtypes provided more information than cumulative trauma in the prediction of negative mental health outcomes. Therefore, use of these subtypes may enhance the utility of the HTQ when assessing at-risk populations.

  20. Portuguese norms for the harvard group scale of hypnotic susceptibility, form a.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Cláudia

    2013-01-01

    The Portuguese version of the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A (HGSHS:A) was administered to 313 Portuguese college students. Score distribution, item pass rates, item analysis, and reliability of the HGSHS:A are presented and compared to earlier published reference samples. No differences were found between males and females. Reliability of the HGSHS:A Portuguese version was lower than that reported by most of the studies but within the range of the non-English versions. In general, Portuguese data are congruent with the reference samples and the Portuguese translation of the HGSHS:A. It appears to be a viable instrument for primary screening of hypnotic suggestibility in a Portuguese context.

  1. Adaptation of Harvard Trauma questionnaire for working with refugees and asylum seekers in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vukčević Maša

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of refugees and asylum seekers in Serbia is significantly increasing. Many have experienced traumatic events and suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. In order to provide them with adequate assistance, caregivers need adjusted assessment tools. The main goal of this research was the adaptation of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire for working with refugees and asylum seekers in Serbia. A total of 16 focus groups were interviewed in two phases in order to create an adequate list of traumatic events for this population. The adapted list was subsequently administered to 226 persons seeking asylum in Serbia, along with the remaining parts of HTQ, HSCL-25 and BDI-II. Results show that the adapted list of traumatic events, as well as a shorter version, has good validity and other metric properties. The adaptation of the first assessment tool for working with refugees and asylum seekers in Serbia has significant practical implications.

  2. Seismicity of Global Tectonic Systems Obtained from the Harvard CMT Catalogue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Hui; Zhang Guomin; Ma Hongsheng; Jing Yan

    2005-01-01

    Earthquake is the best information source for describing the present-day crustal tectonic zones and crustal stress field, containing comprehensive and abundant geodynamic connotations.Based on the distribution of global earthquakes and their kinematic and dynamic characteristics, the most active global-scale tectonics can be divided into three first-order tectonic systems: the Circum-Pacific deep subduction tectonic system, the mid-oceanic ridge tectonic system, and the continent-continent shallow underthrusting tectonic system using the Harvard CMT catalogue that provides various parameters of hypocenter. Furthermore, the differences of fault types, seismicity, and distribution of focal depths in different tectonic systems are discussed as well. The results show that different tectonic system possesses different environment and geodynamics.

  3. The Sociology of the Deceased Harvard Medical Unit at Boston City Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tishler, Peter V

    2015-12-01

    Many graduates of the Harvard Medical Unit (HMU) at Boston City Hospital, in either the clinical training/residency program or the research program at the Thorndike Memorial Laboratory, contributed in major ways to the HMU and constantly relived their HMU experiences. The HMU staff physicians, descending from founder and mentor physicians Francis W. Peabody, Soma Weiss, and George R. Minot, were dedicated to the teaching, development, and leadership of its clinical and research trainees, whose confidence and dedication to patient care as a result of their mentorship led many to lifelong achievements as clinicians, teachers, and mentors. Their experience also led to a lifelong love of the HMU (despite its loss), camaraderie, happiness, and intense friendships with their associates.

  4. LA NEGOCIACIÓN COOPERATIVA, UNA APROXIMACIÓN AL MODELO HARVARD DE NEGOCIACIÓN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Parra Sepúlveda

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se pretende dar una descripción genérica sobre aquellos conceptos básicos que compondrían la denominada teoría de la negociación cooperativa o también llamada modelo Harvard de negociación, la cual, en términos simples, plantea que ambas partes negociantes vean satisfechos sus intereses, aportando una visión que viene a complementar el modelo clásico de negociación distributiva en el que –por definición– sólo una de las partes ha de lograr beneficios a raíz de las pérdidas que sufre la contraria.

  5. 高师生性心理健康与其人格特质关系的实证研究%The Empirical Research on the Relationship of Personality Traits with Sex Psychological Health among Normal Students in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱虹; 刘延金; 龙雪娜

    2015-01-01

    The paper has investigated the sex psychological health of 1400 students from the six different normal universities. The results have indicated that there is a negative relationship between sex psychological health and personal traits. The level of psychological health will decrease due to the rise of level of psychological quality, which means that the higher the psychological personality score is, the lower the psychological health level is. Therefore, psychological quality can predict the situation of sex psychological health. In this case, psychological quality not only provides practical basis in terms of understanding students’personal trait and strengthening personality, but also provides theoretical basis for the normal universities to improve the psychological quality of student.%本文通过对6所师范院校的1400名高师生性心理健康进行综合分析,得出高师生性心理健康水平与其人格特质的精神质之间有着极其显著的负相关,心理健康水平随着精神质值的增高而降低,高师生的精神质可以显著地预测其性心理健康水平状况。为高师生了解人格特质,健全其人格,提高性心理健康水平提供了可参考的实践依据,为师范院校提升师范生的心理素质提供了科学依据。

  6. [Simulation of water and carbon fluxes in harvard forest area based on data assimilation method].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ting-Long; Sun, Rui; Zhang, Rong-Hua; Zhang, Lei

    2013-10-01

    Model simulation and in situ observation are the two most important means in studying the water and carbon cycles of terrestrial ecosystems, but have their own advantages and shortcomings. To combine these two means would help to reflect the dynamic changes of ecosystem water and carbon fluxes more accurately. Data assimilation provides an effective way to integrate the model simulation and in situ observation. Based on the observation data from the Harvard Forest Environmental Monitoring Site (EMS), and by using ensemble Kalman Filter algorithm, this paper assimilated the field measured LAI and remote sensing LAI into the Biome-BGC model to simulate the water and carbon fluxes in Harvard forest area. As compared with the original model simulated without data assimilation, the improved Biome-BGC model with the assimilation of the field measured LAI in 1998, 1999, and 2006 increased the coefficient of determination R2 between model simulation and flux observation for the net ecosystem exchange (NEE) and evapotranspiration by 8.4% and 10.6%, decreased the sum of absolute error (SAE) and root mean square error (RMSE) of NEE by 17.7% and 21.2%, and decreased the SAE and RMSE of the evapotranspiration by 26. 8% and 28.3%, respectively. After assimilated the MODIS LAI products of 2000-2004 into the improved Biome-BGC model, the R2 between simulated and observed results of NEE and evapotranspiration was increased by 7.8% and 4.7%, the SAE and RMSE of NEE were decreased by 21.9% and 26.3%, and the SAE and RMSE of evapotranspiration were decreased by 24.5% and 25.5%, respectively. It was suggested that the simulation accuracy of ecosystem water and carbon fluxes could be effectively improved if the field measured LAI or remote sensing LAI was integrated into the model.

  7. Limited effect of ozone reductions on the 20-year photosynthesis trend at Harvard forest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yue, Xu; Keenan, Trevor F; Munger, William; Unger, Nadine

    2016-11-01

    Ozone (O3 ) damage to leaves can reduce plant photosynthesis, which suggests that declines in ambient O3 concentrations ([O3 ]) in the United States may have helped increase gross primary production (GPP) in recent decades. Here, we assess the effect of long-term changes in ambient [O3 ] using 20 years of observations at Harvard forest. Using artificial neural networks, we found that the effect of the inclusion of [O3 ] as a predictor was slight, and independent of O3 concentrations, which suggests limited high-frequency O3 inhibition of GPP at this site. Simulations with a terrestrial biosphere model, however, suggest an average long-term O3 inhibition of 10.4% for 1992-2011. A decline of [O3 ] over the measurement period resulted in moderate predicted GPP trends of 0.02-0.04 μmol C m(-2)  s(-1)  yr(-1) , which is negligible relative to the total observed GPP trend of 0.41 μmol C m(-2)  s(-1)  yr(-1) . A similar conclusion is achieved with the widely used AOT40 metric. Combined, our results suggest that ozone reductions at Harvard forest are unlikely to have had a large impact on the photosynthesis trend over the past 20 years. Such limited effects are mainly related to the slow responses of photosynthesis to changes in [O3 ]. Furthermore, we estimate that 40% of photosynthesis happens in the shade, where stomatal conductance and thus [O3 ] deposition is lower than for sunlit leaves. This portion of GPP remains unaffected by [O3 ], thus helping to buffer the changes of total photosynthesis due to varied [O3 ]. Our analyses suggest that current ozone reductions, although significant, cannot substantially alleviate the damages to forest ecosystems. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Psychological literacy: proceed with caution, construction ahead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murdoch DD

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Douglas D Murdoch Department of Psychology, Mount Royal University, Calgary, AB, Canada Abstract: Psychological literacy is the ethical application of psychological skills and knowledge. This could benefit individuals in their personal, occupational, and civic lives and subsequently benefit society as a whole. We know that psychology has a wide-ranging impact on society. The potential benefits of a psychologically literate citizenry in improved parenting, better business practices, enlightened legislation, and many other areas make this a desirable goal. It has been proposed that this should become the primary goal of an undergraduate psychology education to benefit the majority who do not go on to graduate school and even those who only take a few psychology courses. This idea has significant merit and warrants further investigation and development. However, there are major concerns that need to be addressed. First, what are uniquely psychological skills and knowledge? Many of the skills psychology undergraduates acquire are generic to university and not specific to psychology. Second, psychology can be as harmful when misapplied as it can be beneficial when ethically applied. Third, psychology departments will need to address pragmatic as well as ethical issues, including issues of competency, boundaries, accountability, and confidentiality. Fourth, the available empirical evidence to direct such efforts is primarily at the anecdotal, case example, and pilot study stages. Significant improvements are needed in measuring psychological literacy, choice of outcome measures, and research methodologies before these advantages can be realized in an empirically supported manner. Currently, best practices in the undergraduate curriculum are the mindful and purposeful design of courses and experiential opportunities. It is proposed that psychological literacy is best conceptualized as a meta-literacy and that it should become a goal of psychology

  9. On the Value of Peer Psychological Counseling in Im-proving University Freshmen's Adaptation Ability:A Case Study on Hu'nan Institute of Engineering%试论朋辈心理辅导对提升大学新生适应能力的价值--以湖南工程学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵玲令

    2015-01-01

    朋辈心理辅导具有比较好的心理辅导功能,互动性比较强。许多大学新生离开熟悉的高中环境进入大学后在心理上存在不适,很难适应大学生活。因此,应该加强大学新生的心理辅导,不断提升其适应能力。本文结合笔者的心理辅导经验,探讨了朋辈心理辅导用于提升大学新生适应能力的重要价值。%Peer psychological counseling possesses relatively ef-fective function of psychological counseling, as it is more interac-tive. After graduating from their familiar senior high schools, many university freshmen feel it difficult for them to adapt to their university life from psychological aspect. Therefore, their psycho-logical counseling should be enhanced to continuously improve their adaptation ability. Combined with the writer's experience in psychological counseling, this paper explores the important value of peer psychological counseling in improving university fresh-men's adaptation ability.

  10. Excuse Me. Do You Speak Digital?: Harvard's John Palfrey Explores What It's Like to Be a Digital Native

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Christopher

    2009-01-01

    John Palfrey is one busy guy, with an impressive gig. In 2008, he was named the Henry N. Ess III Professor of Law and Vice Dean for Library and Information Resources at Harvard Law School. And when he's not teaching courses on intellectual property and Internet law, there's a good chance he's overseeing the L school's research library. Palfrey,…

  11. Current status of psychology and clinical psychology in India - an appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virudhagirinathan, Baboo Sankar; Karunanidhi, Subbiah

    2014-10-01

    This paper provides an overview of the social and cultural context for the emergence and development of psychology in India and also more specifically of the development of clinical psychology. It details the range of universities offering psychology programmes and the various bodies involved in supporting the development of the psychology. The paper also describes the development of clinical psychology in India and the variety of roles undertaken by clinical psychologists. Finally, it raises a number of issues facing the development of Indian psychology into the future.

  12. The Management of University Young Teachers from the Perspective of Psychological Contract%心理契约视角下的高校青年教师管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱拥军

    2011-01-01

    In the management of university young teachers,psychological contract serves as a source of motivation,stableness,reinforcement and creativity.Therefore,universities should generally establish an effective incentive system and create a humanistic atmosphere.Specifically,they should work for young teachers' financial,professional and interpersonal satisfaction so as to enhance their overall satisfaction and their loyalty to the universities.%心理契约理论在高校青年教师管理中起着动力作用、稳定作用、强化作用和创造作用,因此,高校青年教师管理,要充分利用心理契约理论,宏观上制定有效的激励制度,创设人文关怀的氛围;微观上从经济利益、职业规划、人际信任等方面开展工作,从而增强教师的工作满意度和对学校的忠诚度,促进学校的长远发展。

  13. Reflections on the Implementation of Outward Bound for Psychological Quality in Colleges and Universities%高校开展心理素质拓展训练的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄凌峰

    2014-01-01

    The outward bound of psychological quality is a new learning and training method for modern people and organiza-tions. Experience is its most important characteristic. The intro-duction of it into colleges and universities is a beneficial comple-ment to traditional teaching, and it conforms to the development trend of college and university teaching reform. Starting from the origin and development of outward bound, this paper analyzed the characteristics of outward bound, and made an exploration on the model of its application to college and university teaching and management.%心理素质拓展训练是一种现代人和现代组织全新的学习方法和训练方式。体验性是其最重要的特点。将其引入高校是对传统教学的有益补充,符合高校教学改革的发展趋势。本文从拓展训练的起源与发展入手,分析了拓展训练的特点,并对其在高校教学与管理中的应用模式进行了探讨。

  14. Influencing factors and psychological mechanism of university teachers' organizational identification%大学教师组织认同的影响因素及心理机制分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兆延

    2015-01-01

    Organizational identification is a process of individual organizational factors should be brought into the self-concept, university teachers' organizational identification can affect their job satisfaction, effect on maintaining and loss of human resources in coleges and universities, therefore, to explore the influence factors of university teachers' organizational identification and particularly important is the impact of psychological process, therefore, this paper analyzes the external reputation, perceived organizational support and organizational justice on the impact of organizational identification.%组织认同是个体将组织因素纳入自我概念的过程,大学教师组织认同可影响其工作满意度,对高校人力资源的保持和流失产生影响,因此,探索大学教师组织认同的影响因素及产生影响的心理过程尤为重要,故文章着重分析了组织外部声誉、组织支持感、组织公正对组织认同产生的影响作用。

  15. 近三年某军校研究生新生心理健康水平比较%Psychological Health of New Postgraduates in Military University in Recent Three Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁娟; 阮昕敏; 林志永

    2016-01-01

    目的:通过纵向追踪和横向对比,调查军校研究生新生心理水平的发展方向和欠缺方面,为开展心理健康教育提供依据.方法:以某军校为例,应用症状自评量表(SCL-90)对其近3年硕士研究生新生进行测试.结果:近3年该军校研究生新生的人际关系敏感因子、焦虑因子、妄想因子、睡眠饮食因子、总均分均有统计学差异(F=3.085,6.687,4.021,6.588,4.565;P<0.05);SNK检验显示,2013年研究生新生的焦虑因子、妄想因子、睡眠饮食因子得分、SCL-90总均分高于2014年和2015年.近3年研究生总体10项因子的得分有统计学差异(F=115.927,P<0.001);SNK检验显示,强迫因子得分最高(1.28),其次是人际关系敏感因子(1.17)、睡眠饮食因子(1.17)和焦虑因子(1.16).结论:军校研究生新生心理健康水平较好,呈上升趋势;心理问题主要表现在强迫、人际关系敏感、睡眠饮食和焦虑,近年变化不大;构建多维度研究生心理健康教育模式,提高研究生心理水平.%Objective:To survey the trends and the deficiencies of psychological health of new postgraduates in the military university with longitudinal and transverse contrast to put bases for psychological health education.Methods:Taken the military university for example,all the new postgraduates were surveyed with Symptom Checklist 90(SCL-90)in 2013,2014,2015.Results:It showed statistical significance in the new postgraduates in the scores of interper-sonal sensitivity,anxiety,paranoia,diet and sleep factors and the total score(F=3.085,6.687,4.021,6.588,4.565;P<0.05)and further SNK test showed that the scores of anxiety,paranoia,diet and sleep factors and the total score in 2013 were all higher than those in 2014 and 2015.The scores of ten factors of the new postgraduates in recent three years on the whole were different(F=115.927,P<0.001)and further SNK test showed that the score of compulsory was the highest(1.28),followed by the scores of

  16. On the Identification and Education of Psychological High Risk Students in Colleges and Universities%高校心理高危学生的识别与教育刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晶晶

    2016-01-01

    In the mental health education in Colleges and universities how to identify psychological at-risk students, and for this group to implement the effective guidance and education to grasp the key issues in the study, about guarantee of students psychol-ogical safety, maintaining internal stability is of very important significance. This study combined with the daily work practice, proposed the psychological at-risk students recognition to do a test, observation and appointment, appropriate counseling and edu-cation is the key to grasp a network, two platforms, three binding, as well as the overall mental health programs and regular mental health activities carried out, so as to promote college students spiritual growth, achieve all-round development.%高校心理健康教育工作中如何识别心理高危学生,以及针对这一群体实施有效辅导和教育要把握的关键问题的探讨,对保障学生的心理安全,维护校内稳定具有十分重要的意义。本研究结合日常工作实践,提出对心理高危学生的识别要做好一测、二观、三约见,相应的辅导和教育工作的关键是把握一个网络,两个平台,三个结合,以及全员性的心理健康课程与经常性的心理健康活动的开展,从而促进高校学子心灵成长,实现身心全面发展。

  17. 从授权研究方法到授权途径的探索--基于高校教师的调查%An Analysis of Working Status of University Teachers Based on the Four Dimensional Psychological Empowerment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞文; 刘金兰

    2014-01-01

    通过对不同视角下授权研究方法的梳理,建立了以结构授权为环境、领导授权为条件、心理授权为目标的实现有效授权的模型,并通过结构方程对796名高校教师数据样本进行授权途径的模型拟合,结果表明:结构授权对领导授权和心理授权四个维度起重要的正向影响作用;领导授权对心理授权的工作意义维度起正向影响作用,对影响力维度起负向影响作用;心理授权作为授权途径的最终环节,是进行有效授权的目标。%Based on the survey of 796 university teachers' self-evaluations of their jobs and psychological empowerment, this study establishes a structural equation model to investigate the influence of the four dimensional psychological empowerment on teaching, scientific research and social service. The results show that the four dimensional paradigm has positive impacts on the working states of the teachers, among which competence greatly influenced teaching, scientific research and social service, and significance have positive impact only on teaching. This paper analyzes the internal factors that would influence the working stair of teachers in order to provide theoretical support for the performance improvement and extend the organizational context of psychological empowerment as well.

  18. Countermeasures to University Librarian's Common Psychological Health Problems%高校图书馆馆员的常见心理健康问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任敏; 梅青

    2011-01-01

    随着高校图书馆工作模式的转变,高校图书馆管理人员所承受的各种压力与日俱增,普遍存在不同程度的心理健康问题。解决其心理健康问题,应实施“以人为本”的管理摸式,加强馆员心理保健教育,提高馆员业务素质和提高馆员待遇等。%Along with the change of working mode of university libraries, management personnel are under in- creasing pressure, all kinds of mental problems start to appear. In this paper, some common psychological health problems and the causes are analyzed, and it puts forward some countermeasures, such as improvement of librarians' salary, "people-oriented" management, strengthening the psychological health education, improving their profession- al quality, and learning of self adjustification, etc.

  19. The Enlightenment of the Gestalt Psychology to the Curriculum of the Music Theory C ourse in Colleges and Universities%格式塔原理对高校音乐理论课程设置的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昕; 孟燕

    2016-01-01

    On the basis of the current situa tion of curriculum of music theory courses in colleges and universities , this paper follows the organizing principle and enlightenment theory of Gestalt psychology school . The relationship between the principle of the Gestalt psychology and the music ontology and the enlightenment of teaching and learning of music theory are analyzed in this paper . Moreover , this paper also provides the suggestions in two aspects to contribute the music theory courses which are the mode of course integration and the intersection methodology of performance skills courses .%文章从高等学校音乐理论课程设置及教学方法的现状出发,依据格式塔心理学学派的完型组织原则及顿悟理论,分析了格式塔原则与音乐本体的关系,以及对音乐理论教与学的启示,并从课程的融合方式、与表演技能课交叉方法两方面提出了音乐理论课程建设的意见。

  20. 基于积极心理学的高校学生干部队伍建设研究%Research on the Construction of University Student Leader Team Based on Positive Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭琳

    2016-01-01

    基于积极心理学开展高校学生干部队伍建设研究有利于有助于培养高校学生干部的积极乐观的精神品质,进而充分发挥自身重要作用。本文从目前学生干部队伍存在的问题入手,探讨将积极心理学理论引入高校学生干部队伍建设的意义,并提出完善高校学生干部队伍建设的策略。%Based on positive psychology research to constructing university student leader team is conducive to help develop positive mental quality.? This article start from the current problems of student leader team, to explore the significance of posi-tive psychology theory used in construction of student leader team, and put forward the strategy of improving the construction of student leader team.