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Sample records for psychology auburn university

  1. Center for Space Power and Advanced Electronics, Auburn University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deis, Dan W.; Hopkins, Richard H.

    1991-01-01

    The union of Auburn University's Center for Space Power and Advanced Electronics and the Westinghouse Science and Technology Center to form a Center for the Commercial Development of Space (CCDS) is discussed. An area of focus for the CCDS will be the development of silicon carbide electronics technology, in terms of semiconductors and crystal growth. The discussion is presented in viewgraph form.

  2. Necessity and Opportunity: the 1-Year Master's ABA Program at Auburn University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, James M

    2016-05-01

    The Auburn University Master of Science program in Applied Behavior Analysis was designed to accommodate not only the requirements of the Behavior Analyst Certification Board for approved course sequences and practicum training, but unavoidable limitations in faculty and other resources. These limitations were incompatible with the more traditional 2-year curriculum model, so a 1-year program was designed that met the necessary conditions. This article describes the resulting academic and practicum curriculum, the key funding mechanisms that allowed the program to develop, and the opportunities and benefits that this model afforded.

  3. Psychological characteristics of male university athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAJKUMAR SHARMA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to investigate and compare the psychological characteristics of University maleathletes. A sample of 80 male athletes of Volleyball (n=15, Basketball (n=15, Football (n=25 and Cricket(n=25 filled out questionnaire measures assessing their psychological competencies at their different level ofparticipation.. The Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28 prepared and developed by Smith et al. 1995 was used tomeasure the psychological characteristics in the form of personal coping resources of university athletes.. Toassess the psychological characteristics of University male athletes of different games, the means, standarddeviations, t-ratios and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA were computed. The level of significant was set at .05levels. The results of research study showed that University male athletes of different team games and levels aswhole had similarity on seven dimensions of psychological characteristics i.e. Coping with adversity, Peakingunder pressure, Goal setting and mental Preparation, Concentration, Freedom from worry, Confidence andachievement motivation, and Coach-ability. Inter-university and All India level male athletes expressedsignificance difference on Goal setting and mental Preparation only The results also showed that Basketballplayers apparently are not free from worry about disappointing a coach or parent and teammates in next time.Finally, the results highlight the importance of psychological competencies for the team games players at theirdifferent level of participation.

  4. Psychology at Chinese universities and in Chinese society: with special reference to clinical psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Yue, Guoan; Perrez, Meinrad; Han, Xiulan

    2011-01-01

    The following contribution gives a short introduction to Chinese psychology, history, psychological research and teaching institutions and student selection for universities. After a brief overview of the theoretical traditions and contemporary trends in general and experimental psychology it focuses in more detail on the recent developments in clinical and medical psychology. Research domains, academic training in clinical psychology and its applications in modern China are discussed with sp...

  5. Psychological Well being In Predicting Loneliness Among University Students

    OpenAIRE

    ÇEÇEN, Yrd. Doç. Dr. A. Rezan; CENKSEVEN, Yrd. Doç. Dr. Fulya

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine how university students’ loneliness are predicted by their level of psychological well being self acceptance personal growth purpose in life positive relations with others environmental mastery and autonomy To collect data UCLA R Loneliness Russell Peplau Cutrona 1980 and Psychological Well Being Scales Ryff 1989a were used The sample was consisted of 268 university students from Cukurova University Adana Turkey For the analysis of...

  6. Predicting Intentions to Seek Psychological Help Among Botswana University Students

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    Mpho M. Pheko

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The current study had two main objectives. The first was to investigate Botswana’s university students’ intentions to seek psychological help. The second was to investigate whether (a Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help (ATSPPH, (b Self-Stigma of Seeking Help (SSOSH, and (c Social Stigma of Receiving Psychological Help (SSRPH predicted the students’ intentions to seek psychological help. A total of N = 519 (283 females and 236 males students from the University of Botswana completed the survey. Results indicated that generally, the students had moderate intentions of seeking psychological help. Multiple regression analysis revealed that of the three predictors, only ATSPPH and SSRPH significantly predicted intentions to seek psychological help. The current study is important because while it has been established that university students are a high-risk population for mental health problems, there is close to nothing documented on university students in Botswana. Findings of the current study will undoubtedly increase knowledge relating to psychological help-seeking and its predictors in Botswana and may inform interventions that aim to encourage young people to seek psychological or counseling help.

  7. Psychological Well-Being and Internet Addiction among University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardak, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship between Internet addiction and psychological well-being. Participants were 479 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Online Cognition Scale and the Scales of Psychological Well-Being. The relationships between Internet addiction and psychological…

  8. Psychological and Educational Variables in University Dropout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bethencourt, Jose Tomas; Cabrera, Lidia; Hernandez, Juan Andres; Alvarez-Perez, Pedro; Gonzalez-Afonso, Miriam

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: The purpose of this research is to demonstrate that on the perceptions of university students, the student variables are seen as most important than the context variables to dropout their university studies. Method: The used methodology was cross-sectional or of cut, of retrospective type. 558 undergraduates were interviewed by…

  9. Psychological Distress in Iranian International Students at an Australian University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahidi, Shizar; Blignault, Ilse; Hayen, Andrew; Razee, Husna

    2017-05-03

    This study investigated psychological distress in Iranian international students at UNSW Australia, and explored the psychosocial factors associated with high levels of distress. A total of 180 Iranian international students pursuing undergraduate and postgraduate degrees during 2012/2013 completed an email questionnaire containing socio-demographic items and five standardized and validated scales. Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyse the predictors of psychological distress. Compared to domestic and international students at two other Australian universities, a significantly smaller proportion of Iranian international students scored as distressed on the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). Greater levels of psychological distress were associated with being female, poorer physical health, less social support, less religious involvement and spirituality, and negative attitudes towards seeking professional psychological help. Findings from this growing group of international students can help inform culturally competent mental health promotion and service provision in their host countries.

  10. Developing a qualitative research culture in university psychology departments

    OpenAIRE

    Frost, Nollaig; Barry, Richard

    2010-01-01

    We are academics in the Department of Psychology, Middlesex University. Nollaig’s research is primarily qualitative and Richard’s primarily quantitative. We form part of a team responsible for developing and delivering Research Methods modules to students at undergraduate and postgraduate level. In this paper, we draw on our experiences and those of colleagues to discuss some challenges (and possible solutions) to changing the research culture in a psychology department.

  11. Social Psychology Attribution of "EGao" in University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Xue-yun

    2007-01-01

    "EGao" is a network producing form and is popular in campus. In order to amuse the masses, it changed and reformed films, TV, picture menus and songs by imitating, overdrawing and self-betrayal means. The impact of "EGao" is greater and greater in the young, especially in the university, it has become a fashion. The paper analyzed its concepts,…

  12. Predictors of Student Satisfaction with University Psychology Courses: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Heather J.; Hood, Michelle; Neumann, David L.

    2015-01-01

    Student satisfaction at university is receiving increasing attention. While academic discipline has been associated with student satisfaction in many studies, we found no previous reviews of student satisfaction within psychology, a discipline with among the largest undergraduate enrolments. In this paper, we review the student satisfaction…

  13. Predictors of Student Satisfaction with University Psychology Courses: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Heather J.; Hood, Michelle; Neumann, David L.

    2015-01-01

    Student satisfaction at university is receiving increasing attention. While academic discipline has been associated with student satisfaction in many studies, we found no previous reviews of student satisfaction within psychology, a discipline with among the largest undergraduate enrolments. In this paper, we review the student satisfaction…

  14. Examination of Psychological Counselor Candidates' University Satisfaction: The Case of Uludag University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duran, Nagihan Oguz; Gökçe, Feyyat

    2017-01-01

    In the present study, Uludag University, Faculty of Education, Guidance and Psychological Counseling (GPC) undergraduate program students' expectations and satisfaction levels regarding the services and facilities provided by the university were investigated in a sample of 354 students (227 females and 127 males). The data collected by the…

  15. Social Network Dynamics and Psychological Adjustment among University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasuyuki Fukukawa

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The present study investigated the social network structure in a university class and how it changed over time. In addition, student rankings of social status in the class based on different network centrality measures were compared, and associations between students’ social status and psychological adjustment were evaluated. One university seminar class in which ten juniors and ten seniors were enrolled was followed for six months. Although the class network consisted of some disconnected subgroups at baseline, it became a single group at followup. In addition to these structural changes, measures of network integration (density and transitivity also increased from baseline to follow-up. Comparisons of centrality measures indicated that the information centrality measure best captured the network infrastructure compared to the betweenness, closeness, and degree centrality measures. Furthermore, among the centrality measures, information centrality had the most stable positive association with psychological adjustment. Theoretical and practical implications of these peer network dynamics and adjustment issues are discussed.

  16. Relationship Between Religiosity and Psychological Symptoms in Female University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buzdar, Muhammad Ayub; Ali, Akhtar; Nadeem, Masood; Nadeem, Muhammad

    2015-12-01

    Depression, anxiety and stress are among major psychiatric conditions being prevalent in contemporary youth. This study intended to examine the role of three religious orientations (Allport and Ross 1967) in students demonstrating these psychological symptoms. A sample comprising 502 Pakistani girls studying at university level was randomly selected. Age Universal I-E Scale and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale were used to collect data. Findings reveal an inverse relationship between extrinsic personal religious orientation and symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress among the respondents. Results support the integration of religious orientations in mental health care of young adults in Pakistan.

  17. Psychological Distress and Life Satisfaction among University Students

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    Haresh Kumar

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study is to determine the relationship between psychological distress and life satisfaction among university students. The sample of the present research consisted of 398 university students from three faculties (Medical sciences n=133 Social science n=133 and Engineering n=132. Data was collected from different organizations following the purposive sampling technique. After taking the consent from the participants, the depression Anxiety stress scale (DASS and life satisfaction scale were administered. To obtain the results of descriptive statistics, Pearson Product Moment co-efficient of correlation and linear-regressions were calculated. Results showed that there was significant (P <.05 correlation between Psychological distress and life satisfaction among university students. Further analysis considering the field of education, in engineering student’s depression was present 25%, anxiety 32% and stress 20%.In social science students, 21% depression, 30% anxiety and 17% stress. Medical students have 25% depression, 34% anxiety and 23% stress. Overall medical students experience relatively more psychological distress as compare to engineering and social science students.

  18. Expertise in Clinical Psychology. The Effects of University Training and Practical Experience on Expertise in Clinical Psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Vollmer, Sabine; Spada, Hans; Caspar, Franz; Burri, Salome

    2013-01-01

    How do university training and subsequent practical experience affect expertise in clinical psychology? To answer this question we developed methods to assess psychological knowledge and the competence to diagnose, construct case conceptualizations, and plan psychotherapeutic treatment: a knowledge test and short case studies in a first study, and a complex, dynamically evolving case study in the second study. In our cross-sectional studies, psychology students, trainees in a certified postgr...

  19. ALOUD psychological: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study – Association between psychological factors and study success in formal lifelong learners

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neroni, Joyce; De Groot, Renate; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2012-01-01

    Neroni, J., De Groot, R. H. M., & Kirschner, P. A. (2012, 12 April). ALOUD psychological: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study – Association between psychological factors and study success in formal lifelong learners. Presentation given at the plenary meeting of Learning & Cognition, He

  20. University-Community Partnership: Teaching Applied Social Psychology to Foster Engagement in Strategic Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harnish, Richard J.; Bridges, K. Robert

    2004-01-01

    In this article, we present a novel way to integrate psychological theories and research methods in an applied social psychology course as a means to foster engagement in a university-community partnership. We taught an advanced course on the application of social psychological theories and research methods to junior and senior undergraduates. Our…

  1. Self-Compassion as a Predictor of Psychological Entitlement in Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahranç, Ümit

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the predictive role of self-compassion on psychological entitlement. Participants were 331 university students (205 women, 126 men, M age = 20.5 years.). In this study, the Self-compassion Scale and the Psychological Entitlement Scale were used to assess self-compassion and psychological entitlement. The…

  2. Psychological Counseling Services in the Universities of Russia and the West

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirillova, Elena; Kuznetsov, Boris; Aleshin, Vasiliy; Vodolazhskiy, Evgeniy

    2017-01-01

    The article reveals the importance of psychological counseling service in Russian and foreign universities. During their educational activities students experience the pressure of various stressors associated with it. There is also the specific character of psychological age. The article describes features of the psychological counseling in…

  3. Predictive role of authenticity on psychological vulnerability in Turkish university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satici, Seydi Ahmet; Kayis, Ahmet Rifat; Akin, Ahmet

    2013-04-01

    Authenticity is associated with adaptive psychological characteristics and may be predictive of psychological vulnerability. The study was conducted with Turkish university students (N = 303; 158 women, 145 men; M age = 20.1 yr.). Participants completed the Turkish version of Authenticity Scale and the Psychological Vulnerability Scale. Psychological vulnerability was correlated positively with two subfactors of authenticity, accepting external influence and self-alienation, and negatively with the authentic living factor of authenticity. Self-alienation, accepting external influence, and authentic living were related to psychological vulnerability, accounting for 33% of the variance collectively. Authenticity is an important predictor of psychological vulnerability.

  4. Psychological Sense of Community and University Mission as Predictors of Student Social Justice Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Harding, Susan R.; Diaz, Elissa; Schamberger, Antú; Carollo, Olivia

    2015-01-01

    Psychological sense of community (PSOC) is a construct that may facilitate social action in university students. Similarly, a social justice-focused university mission statement might also facilitate social action and interest. The current study investigated whether psychological sense of community, agreeing with the mission statement, and taking…

  5. Tacit Knowledge Sharing Modes of University Teachers from the Perspectives of Psychological Risk and Value

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    Yu, Dengke; Zhou, Rong

    2015-01-01

    Tacit knowledge sharing (TKS) is important to improve the teaching skill and researching knowledge of university teachers. In this paper, the tacit knowledge sharing of university teachers is catalogued as four modes from perspectives of the psychological risk and psychological value which are measured by two grades--high and low. The four modes…

  6. Developing Autonomous Learning in First Year University Students Using Perspectives from Positive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macaskill, Ann; Denovan, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Autonomous learning is a commonly occurring learning outcome from university study, and it is argued that students require confidence in their own abilities to achieve this. Using approaches from positive psychology, this study aimed to develop confidence in first-year university students to facilitate autonomous learning. Psychological character…

  7. Provision of Support for Psychological Distress by University Staff, and Receptiveness to Mental Health Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margrove, K. L.; Gustowska, M.; Grove, L. S.

    2014-01-01

    There is increasing concern over the number of university students and university staff who require psychological support; however, little is known about the impact of this on higher education (HE) staff. University employees (n = 91) from two UK universities completed an anonymous survey which explored their experience of providing support for…

  8. Are psychology university student gamblers representative of non-university students and general gamblers? A comparative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gainsbury, Sally M; Russell, Alex; Blaszczynski, Alex

    2014-03-01

    Students recruited from psychology undergraduate university populations are commonly used in psychology research, including gambling studies. However, the extent to which the use of this subpopulation produces findings that can be extrapolated to other groups is questionable. The present study was designed to compare results from university-recruited psychology student gamblers to those obtained from a sample of gamblers recruited from the general population that also included students. An online survey measuring gambling behavior and Internet gambling, attitudes and knowledge about gambling and problem gambling severity was posted on websites accessed by gamblers. Participants were recruited from two sources, a psychology undergraduate university population (n = 461) and online websites (n = 4,801). Results showed university-recruited students differed significantly from both adults and students recruited from the general population in respect to demographic variables and gambling behavior. Psychology undergraduate students were younger, more likely to be female, and had lower incomes. When relevant demographic variables were controlled, psychology undergraduate students were found to gamble less frequently, at different times, and to be at lower-risk for gambling-related problems, but had more irrational beliefs and more negative attitudes towards gambling than gamblers recruited from the general population. Results suggest that caution should be used in extrapolating findings from research using university-recruited psychology student gamblers to wide community populations due to differences related to gambling thoughts, attitudes and behaviors.

  9. Evaluation of Internet Addiction, Impulsivity and Psychological Distress among University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Kawa MH; Shafi H

    2016-01-01

    The present study is an attempt to assess internet addiction, impulsivity and psychological distress among university students. The sample in the study consisted of one hundred fifty university students out of which 75 were males and 75 were females who were selected on the purposive basis from the main campus of Kashmir University. Young’s Internet Addiction Scale (IAT), Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and Demographic Data...

  10. Evaluation of Internet Addiction, Impulsivity and Psychological Distress among University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Kawa MH; Shafi H

    2015-01-01

    The present study is an attempt to assess internet addiction, impulsivity and psychological distress among university students. The sample in the study consisted of one hundred fifty university students out of which 75 were males and 75 were females who were selected on the purposive basis from the main campus of Kashmir University. Young’s Internet Addiction Scale (IAT), Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and Demographic Data...

  11. The archive of the History of Psychology at the University of Rome, Sapienza.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartolucci, Chiara; Fox Lee, Shayna

    2016-02-01

    The History of Psychology Archive at the University of Rome, Sapienza was founded in 2008 in the Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology. The archive aspires to become an indispensable tool to (a) understand the currents, schools, and research traditions that have marked the path of Italian psychology, (b) focus on issues of general and applied psychology developed in each university, (c) identify experimental and clinical-differential methodologies specific to each lab, (d) reconstruct the genesis and consolidation of psychology institutions and, ultimately, (e) write a "story," set according to the most recent historiographical criteria. The archive is designed according to scholarship on the history of Italian psychology from the past two decades. The online archive is divided into five sections for ease of access. The Sapienza archive is a work in progress and it has plans for expansion. (PsycINFO Database Record

  12. Expertise in Clinical Psychology. The Effects of University Training and Practical Experience on Expertise in Clinical Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vollmer, Sabine; Spada, Hans; Caspar, Franz; Burri, Salome

    2013-01-01

    How do university training and subsequent practical experience affect expertise in clinical psychology? To answer this question we developed methods to assess psychological knowledge and the competence to diagnose, construct case conceptualizations, and plan psychotherapeutic treatment: a knowledge test and short case studies in a first study, and a complex, dynamically evolving case study in the second study. In our cross-sectional studies, psychology students, trainees in a certified postgraduate psychotherapist curriculum, and behavior therapists with more than 10 years of experience were tested (100 in total: 20 each of novice, intermediate, and advanced university students, postgraduate trainees, and therapists). Clinical knowledge and competence increased up to the level of trainees but unexpectedly decreased at the level of experienced therapists. We discuss the results against the background of expertise research and the training of clinical psychologists (in Germany). Important factors for the continuing professional development of psychotherapists are proposed. PMID:23543213

  13. Expertise in Clinical Psychology.The Effects of University Training and Practical Experience on Expertise in Clinical Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine eVollmer

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available How do university training and subsequent practical experience affect expertise in clinical psychology? To answer this question we developed methods to assess psychological knowledge and the competences to diagnose, construct case conceptualizations, and plan psychotherapeutic treatment: a knowledge test and short case studies in a first study, and a complex, dynamically evolving case study in the second study. In our cross-sectional studies, psychology students, trainees in a certified postgraduate psychotherapist curriculum, and behavior therapists with more than ten years of experience were tested (100 in total: 20 each of novice, intermediate, and advanced university students, postgraduate trainees, and therapists. Clinical knowledge and competences increased up to the level of trainees but unexpectedly decreased at the level of experienced therapists. We discuss the results against the background of expertise research and the training of clinical psychologists (in Germany. Essential factors for continuing education of psychotherapists are proposed.

  14. Expertise in clinical psychology. The effects of university training and practical experience on expertise in clinical psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vollmer, Sabine; Spada, Hans; Caspar, Franz; Burri, Salome

    2013-01-01

    How do university training and subsequent practical experience affect expertise in clinical psychology? To answer this question we developed methods to assess psychological knowledge and the competence to diagnose, construct case conceptualizations, and plan psychotherapeutic treatment: a knowledge test and short case studies in a first study, and a complex, dynamically evolving case study in the second study. In our cross-sectional studies, psychology students, trainees in a certified postgraduate psychotherapist curriculum, and behavior therapists with more than 10 years of experience were tested (100 in total: 20 each of novice, intermediate, and advanced university students, postgraduate trainees, and therapists). Clinical knowledge and competence increased up to the level of trainees but unexpectedly decreased at the level of experienced therapists. We discuss the results against the background of expertise research and the training of clinical psychologists (in Germany). Important factors for the continuing professional development of psychotherapists are proposed.

  15. Determinants of Psychological Help-Seeking Intentions of University Students in Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andoh-Arthur, Johnny; Oppong Asante, Kwaku; Osafo, Joseph

    2015-01-01

    Non-utilization of mental health resources is a well-documented problem among adolescents and young adults. However, little is known about the psychological help-seeking intentions of young adults in Ghana. The aim of this study was to examine the predictors of psychological help-seeking intentions among university students in Accra, Ghana…

  16. Determinants of Psychological Help-Seeking Intentions of University Students in Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andoh-Arthur, Johnny; Oppong Asante, Kwaku; Osafo, Joseph

    2015-01-01

    Non-utilization of mental health resources is a well-documented problem among adolescents and young adults. However, little is known about the psychological help-seeking intentions of young adults in Ghana. The aim of this study was to examine the predictors of psychological help-seeking intentions among university students in Accra, Ghana…

  17. Cultural Diversity in Introductory Psychology Textbook Selection: The Case for Historically Black Colleges/Universities (HBCUs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whaley, Arthur L.; Clay, William A. L.; Broussard, Dominique

    2017-01-01

    The present study describes a culturally relevant approach to introductory psychology textbook selection for students attending a historically Black college/university (HBCU). The following multistage procedure was used: (1) a survey of HBCU psychology departments was conducted to ascertain how they selected their introductory psychology…

  18. The Role of Internet Addiction and Social Media Membership on University Students' Psychological Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simsek, Eylem; Sali, Jale Balaban

    2014-01-01

    How Internet addiction affects happiness of university students in terms of their cognitive and emotional resources was not adequately investigated. One of the inner resources of life satisfaction and happiness is defined as psychological capital (PsyCap), under the paradigm of positive psychology. PsyCap consists of four main sub-factors: hope,…

  19. The university students’ life satisfactions: Psychological help- seeking attitude and hopelessness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeynep Karataş

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to reveal to what extent university students’ attitudes towards their psychological help seeking and hopelessness predict theirlife satisfaction. Participants of the study consist of 359 university students, including 178 female and 181 male. In the research, Life Satisfaction Scale, Psychological Help- Seeking Attitude Scale, Beck Hopelessness Scale and Personal Information Form were used as data collection tools. For the analyses of the research, Regression Analyses were made, and it was determined that university students’ attitudes of seeking for psychological help and their hopelessness levels significantly predicted their life satisfactions. Considering these findings, the analyses of the factors that affect university students’ life satisfactions may be instructive in determining the targets for the studies of psychological counselling

  20. Adult Learning Open University Determinants study: psychological determinants of study success

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neroni, Joyce; De Groot, Renate; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2013-01-01

    Neroni, J., De Groot, R. H. M., & Kirschner, P. A. (2013, 30 August). Adult Learning Open University Determinants study: psychological determinants of study success. Poster presentation at the 15th Biennial EARLI conference 2013, Munich, Germany.

  1. Adult Learning Open University Determinants (ALOUD) study: Psychological factors associated with study success

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neroni, Joyce; De Groot, Renate; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2013-01-01

    Neroni, J., De Groot, R. H. M., & Kirschner, P. A. (2012, 7 November). Adult Learning Open University Determinants (ALOUD) study: Psychological factors associated with study success. Poster presentation at the International ICO Fall School, Girona, Spain.

  2. 78 FR 47778 - The Boeing Company Boeing Commercial Aircraft (BCA) Auburn, Washington; The Boeing Company Boeing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-06

    ...; TA-W-82,705E] The Boeing Company Boeing Commercial Aircraft (BCA) Auburn, Washington; The Boeing Company Boeing Commercial Aircraft (BCA) Everett, Washington; The Boeing Company Boeing Commercial Aircraft (BCA) Puyallup, Washington; The Boeing Company Boeing Commercial Aircraft (BCA) Including Four...

  3. Cyberbullying psychological impact on university students: An exploratory study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jesús Redondo; Marianela Luzardo-Briceño; Karol Lizeth García-Lizarazo; Cándido J. Inglés

    2017-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of cyberbullying among study participants and examine the psychological impact on both cyber victims and cyber attackers, also analyzing...

  4. Expat University Professors' State of Psychological Well-Being and Academic Optimism towards University Task in UAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Guanzon Rile Jr.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study explored the state of psychological well-being and academic optimism in relation to university tasks among one hundred sixty-nine (169 professors in selected UAE universities, utilizing mixed quantitative and qualitative research approaches. The quantitative aspect primarily employed descriptive correlation method which used quantifiable data through survey instruments on psychological well-being, academic optimism, and university tasks. The qualitative analysis was used through a focused group discussion among nineteen (19 key informants. Six (6 areas of psychological wellbeing: autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations, purpose in life, and selfacceptance were measured through the Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being. Academic optimism scale measured three (3 subscales: efficacy, trust, and academic emphasis. University tasks were categorized into three (3 major areas: student centered work, professional development work, and community centered work. The moderator variables considered were age, gender, length of teaching experience, length of experience in the UAE, and area of specialization. The results showed that the participants tend towards high scores in the subscales of autonomy, self-acceptance, and purpose in life. The academic optimism scale showed prominent high scores in efficacy and trust. Among the university tasks, student-centered work was the most fulfilled. Using the focused-group discussion, most expat university professors lament on the lack of time, management support, and lack of funding to pursue professional development, particularly research and publication. The regression analysis showed that there is a significant correlation between psychological well-being and academic optimism. Both psychological well-being and academic optimism predicts fulfillment of university tasks.

  5. Psychological motivation and physiological consequences of smoking in university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farkhutdinova, E.T.

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Psychological and physiological characteristics were assessed in thirteen students aged 19-23 who are smokers for more than a year. Psychological status was studied with the use of the Spilberger-Khanin inventory of reactive and personality anxiety; physiological status was assessed through the analysis of cardio-rhythm. Fagerstrom tobacco dependence and Horn smoking motivation questionnaires were used as well. Study participants demonstrated high levels of personal anxiety, while changes in physiological and psychological characteristics after smoking were insignificant. Most common motivation to smoke was associated with desire to relax and cope with anxiety. Author concludes that smoking inhibits physiological functions but does not influence emotional status significantly. (Full text is in Russian

  6. Developing a Psychology Undergraduate Research Community in a New University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Patricia; Ertubey, Candan; McMurray, Isabella; Robertson, Ian

    2012-01-01

    Psychology is a science-based discipline in which research is inextricably embedded in teaching and learning activities. Educators use different methods to help students in their learning of the nature of research and the practical skills required to conduct research, with students playing either a passive or more active role in the learning…

  7. Psychological Determinants of University Students' Academic Performance: An Empirical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebka, Bartosz

    2014-01-01

    This study utilises an integrated conceptual model of academic performance which captures a series of psychological factors: cognitive style; self-theories such as self-esteem and self-efficacy; achievement goals such as mastery, performance, performance avoidance and work avoidance; study-processing strategies such as deep and surface learning;…

  8. Effect of Industrial and Organizational Psychology on Administrators' Perception of Entrepreneurial University in Higher Education Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Tezcan UYSAL

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of industrial and organizational psychology on entrepreneurship university perceptions of academic personnel that maintain their duties as executives within the climate of university. In accordance with this purpose, a study for academicians that carry out their duties as executives virtually in two state universities one of which (Y takes place among entrepreneur and entrepreneurial university index while another (X doesn't take place within this index was conducted. The results of the questionnaires which tried to measure the entrepreneurial university perception and industrial and organizational psychology were analyzed with correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis, Kruskal-Wallis H Test and Mann-Whitney U test within the scope of SPSS program. As a result of the correlation analysis that was conducted for both of the samplings, a significant relationship was detected between negative and positive industrial and organizational psychology and entrepreneurial university perception. As a result of the regression analysis that was conducted for the sample obtained from X university, it was determined that the psychological output that had the most effect on the entrepreneurship university perception of the executives was motivation while the negative output that had the most effect was the intention to quit the job. As a result of the regression analysis that was conducted for the sample obtained from the Y University, it was detected that the positive output that had the most effect on the entrepreneurial university conception of the executives was motivation, while the negative output that had the most effect was job stress. As a result of the comparison of both examples, the fundamental psychological factor that intensified the entrepreneurial university perception was high motivation.

  9. Prevalence and Socio-Demographic Correlates of Psychological Distress among Students at an Australian University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larcombe, Wendy; Finch, Sue; Sore, Rachel; Murray, Christina M.; Kentish, Sandra; Mulder, Raoul A.; Lee-Stecum, Parshia; Baik, Chi; Tokatlidis, Orania; Williams, David A.

    2016-01-01

    This research contributes to the empirical literature on university student mental well-being by investigating the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of severe levels of psychological distress. More than 5000 students at a metropolitan Australian university participated in an anonymous online survey in 2013 that included the short form of…

  10. The Contribution of the Open University to Widening Participation in Psychology Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Troy

    2010-01-01

    The work of the Open University is situated historically in widening participation, both through its open access policy and the modular structure of the qualifications if offers. The process by which the Open University produces more British Psychological Society accredited graduates with GBC than any other HEI, and the contribution of…

  11. The discontinuity in scientific psychology at the University of Rome, 1907-1947: From general psychology to psychotechnics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgese, Giorgia; Lombardo, Giovanni Pietro; Albani, Alessandra

    2016-11-01

    This article examines the areas of research conducted at the Laboratory of Experimental Psychology of the University of Rome from 1907 to 1947, directed first by Sante De Sanctis (1862-1935), and then, from 1931 on, by Mario Ponzo (1882-1960). The method used to distinguish the topics and areas of research that characterized the Roman School during this period is the textual analysis of the titles of the journal in which studies completed at the laboratory were published, namely, Contributi del Laboratorio di Psicologia sperimentale [Psychological Contributions of the Laboratory of Experimental Psychology]. This empirical analysis, which complements and supports the historiographical interpretation, demonstrates the disciplines that emerged under a system managed by the directors over 2 periods of time in the pursuit of scientific psychology in Rome and in Italy. This analysis highlights the process of adjustment from a traditional, general approach to a more theoretical-technical application. This article is a new contribution to the Italian debate on the periodization of the "crisis" in Italian psychology. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  12. Religion, Purpose in Life, Social Support, and Psychological Distress in Chinese University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhizhong; Koenig, Harold G; Ma, Hui; Al Shohaib, Saad

    2016-06-01

    We examined the relationship between religious involvement and psychological distress and explored the mediating effects of social support and purpose in life in university students in western, mid-western, and eastern China. Cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of 1812 university students was conducted. The Purpose in Life scale, Duke Social Support Index, and Religious Commitment Inventory-10 were administered, along with Kessler's Psychological Distress Scale. Structural equation modeling was used to test two models of the mediation hypothesis, examining direct, indirect, and total effects. Model 1 (with direction of effect hypothesized from religiosity to psychological distress) indicated that religious involvement had a direct effect on increasing psychological distress (β = 0.23, p psychological distress to religiosity) indicated strong indirect protective effects of religiosity on psychological distress through purpose in life and social support (β = -.40, p psychological distress increases religious involvement, which then increases purpose in life and social support that then lead to lower psychological distress.

  13. THE COMPARISON OF SELF-ESTEEM AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SEX AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS OF DIFFERENT UNIVERSITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romanowska-Tolloczko Anna

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The process of shaping one's self-esteem and psychological sex is to a large extent determined by the immediate social environment. The major impact is exerted by family members as well as significant others, whose opinions and judgements are deemed to be of cardinal importance. Psychological sex and self-esteem directly affect the quality of relations with other people, which, in turn, results in the feeling of satisfaction or discontentment. The aim of the undertaken research was to determine and compare the level of self-esteem and the type of psychological sex of female students at different types of universities. The data were collected by means of A. Kuczynska's Psychological Sex Inventory and L. Niebrzydowski's Self-esteem Questionnaire. The research group consisted of 320 women studying at four university schools in Wroclaw. The research allows to conclude that there are significant differences in terms of a multitude of psychological sex types and the level of self-esteem among female students of different universities. It appears that the highest level of self-esteem was observed in students of University School of Physical Education. This group of subjects comprises also the largest amount of female students with male and androgynous psychological sex.

  14. Cyberbullying psychological impact on university students: An exploratory study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Redondo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of cyberbullying among study participants and examine the psychological impact on both cyber victims and cyber attackers, also analyzing gender differences in the impact. The sample consisted of 639 students from the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Bucaramanga branch, with an average age of 17.66 years (N = 303 boys, girls N = 334. For developing this analysis, the following instruments were used: (a Scale cyber aggressions; (B Scale cyber victimization; and (c Symptom Assessment Questionnaire-45 (SA-45. The results show that 27.5% of the sample has been attacked on occasion, and that the stalker was 26.7% over the past year. On the other hand, the results showed that there is a psychological impact (SA45 scales in both cyber victims and cyber aggressors. Gender differences in cyberbullying were evident only at some scales (primarily depression, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity and somatization, although they were not significant among the psychological symptoms reported in this study (except for scales related to Somatization and Phobic Anxiety. © Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Sociales

  15. The Psychological Contract of Science Students: Social Exchange with Universities and University Staff from the Students' Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Toole, Paddy; Prince, Nike

    2015-01-01

    Considerable research has been undertaken involving the student experience and depicting undergraduate students as consumers of education. This construction of the relationship between students and universities is based primarily on notions of economic exchange. In this paper, using the construct of the psychological contract, we show that social…

  16. The Psychological Contract of Science Students: Social Exchange with Universities and University Staff from the Students' Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Toole, Paddy; Prince, Nike

    2015-01-01

    Considerable research has been undertaken involving the student experience and depicting undergraduate students as consumers of education. This construction of the relationship between students and universities is based primarily on notions of economic exchange. In this paper, using the construct of the psychological contract, we show that social…

  17. The interplay between psychological well-being, university adjustment and previous experience of traumatic events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.V. Miller

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available It was shown that traumatic event that happened long ago does not have univocal connection with the current condition (intensity of post traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression, adjustment (as personality trait in general and university adaptation. Psychological well-being is not only a result of good adjustment, but at first contributes to socio-psychological adaptation of a person being connected with the way of perception and appraisal of life events. Psychological well-being is a part of adjustment potential and also reflects the level of adaptation. The most stressful events are death and/or serious illness of close others, or abuse. Special characteristics of students are described in the paper depending on the intensity of their suicidal thoughts. It is shown that the intensity of suicidal thoughts is connected with characteristics of psychological well-being showing itself in current condition, adjustment (as personality trait, university adaptation and choice of defense strategies

  18. A French description of the Psychology Laboratory of G. S. Hall at Clark University in 1893.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolas, Serge; Young, Jacy L

    2014-01-01

    There is a rich tradition of writings about the foundation of psychology laboratories, particularly in the United States and in France. Like their German counterparts, American laboratories of psychology were described by several scholars in French journals. These descriptions stimulated the establishment of laboratories in France and provided templates for laboratory designs. We introduce here an article written by Marcel Baudouin (1860-1941), who visited and subsequently described the psychology laboratory of Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) at Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts. The English translation of Baudouin's paper, provided here, constitutes an interesting new document on Hall's laboratory at Clark University as it stood in 1893. From the French perspective, the Clark laboratory provided an ideal model for the experimental psychology laboratory.

  19. The characteristics and severity of psychological distress after abortion among university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curley, Maureen; Johnston, Celeste

    2013-07-01

    Controversy over abortion inhibits recognition and treatment for women who experience psychological distress after abortion (PAD). This study identified the characteristics, severity, and treatment preferences of university students who experienced PAD. Of 151 females, 89 experienced an abortion. Psychological outcomes were compared among those who preferred or did not prefer psychological services after abortion to those who were never pregnant. All who had abortions reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and grief lasting on average 3 years. Yet, those who preferred services experienced heightened psychological trauma indicative of partial or full PTSD (Impact of Event Scale, M = 26.86 versus 16.84, p abortion and overall emotional health. Thus, psychological interventions for PAD need to be developed as a public health priority.

  20. Socio-psychological characteristics of L’viv University of the Third Age listeners adaptability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kateryna Ostrovska

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with investigations of social-psychological adaptability peculiarities of elderly people in Lviv (Ukraine. These personal performances are compared for the people who study and those who are not L’viv University of Third Age (LUTA listeners. The results of investigation have shown that participation of elderly people in LUTA allows them to decrease the solitude feeling and to increase the socio-psychological adaptability as well as the stress resistance level Keywords: ; ;

  1. PSYCHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS OF STUDENTS ADAPTATION TO UNIVERSITY STUDIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga A. Molokova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The solution version of one of problems of psychology andpedagogical escort of students at the initial stage of their adaptation to training in higher education institution is stated in the study. Such maintenance obligatory includes diagnostics of a psychological state of pupils that in a traditional state demands considerable expenses by as teachers’ and first-year students’ forces and time. Possibility of elimination of this shortcoming is presented.Methods. The methods involve the modified Sklyayn’s technique which description is presented in K. Rogers’s works; the technique of the personal differential definition; the technique of definition of the psychological satisfaction in various vital spheres. Students’ relation to the research was found out during anonymous poll.Results. It is shown that, despite the positive relation to psychological researches from the majority of respondents, there is a problem of the obvious or latent unwillingness of some first-year students to participate in surveys and test work caused by work content and its duration. The alternative to tiresome measurements of indicators of adaptation of pupils to training in higher education institution is presented – the express diagnostics reduce time of monitoring and allow teachers to get students interested. Comparison of the results received at use of Sklyayn’s technique and a technique «Personal differential» shows that they investigate the same phenomenon at nonverbal and verbal levels: correlation of persons’ «real self» and «ideal self». However, if creation of verbal formulations of the person relation to what he/she is, and to what he/she wants to be, can cause difficulties by the examinee, the nonverbal diagnostics turned to subconsciousness, is not only simpler, but also reflects a psychological state of the person more precisely.Scientific novelty. Modification of the technique by Sklyayn is proposed; it

  2. (Mal)Adaptive Psychological Functioning of Students Utilizing University Counseling Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biasi, Valeria; Cerutti, Rita; Mallia, Luca; Menozzi, Francesca; Patrizi, Nazarena; Violani, Cristiano

    2017-01-01

    Background: University students confront psychological difficulties that can negatively influence their academic performance. The present study aimed to assess several areas of adaptive and maladaptive psychological functioning among university students who request counseling services. Method: One hundred eighty-four young female students seeking professional psychological help (Counseling seekers) and 185 young female students who have never asked for psychological help (Non-counseling seekers) were asked to complete the Adult Self-Report (ASR) to evaluate both their internalizing and externalizing problems through DSM-oriented scales as well as their adaptive functioning. Results: ANOVA results indicated worse psychological functioning for the students who sought counseling. They reported lower score in ASR Adaptive Functioning Scales (i.e., friends, jobs, family, education), and higher scores in DSM-oriented scales (i.e., Depressive, Anxiety, Somatic, Avoidant Personality, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity symptoms) than the students who never asked psychological help. Furthermore, discriminant analysis successfully discriminated between the two groups of students on the basis of the ASR’s adaptive and DSM-oriented scales. Conclusion: The study findings could be useful to guide university counseling services in their screening activities as well as useful for clinical practice. PMID:28360880

  3. Impact of Psychological Variables on Playing Ability of University Level Soccer Players

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    Ertan Tufekcioglu

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to find out the relationship between psychological variables and soccer playing ability among the university level male players. 42 soccer players representing different universities who participated in inter university competitions were selected as the subjects of the study. The dependent variable was soccer playing ability and independent variables were the selected psychological variables. Soccer playing ability was determined through a 10 point scale at the time of competitions. Psychological variables included achievement motivation, anxiety, self-concept and aggression. The data was statistically analyzed using Karl Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis using SPSS. It was concluded that soccer playing ability has a positive correlation with achievement motivation and self-concept whereas anxiety and aggression have a negative correlation with soccer playing ability.

  4. The Predictive Strength of Perceived Parenting and Parental Attachment Styles on Psychological Symptoms among Turkish University Students

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Serdar Körük; Abdülkadir Öztürk; Ahmet Kara

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the relationships between perceived parenting, parental attachment styles and psychological symptoms among Turkish university students and it also aims to find out which...

  5. Psychological Profile of University Students with Different Types of Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Shengli; Lucas, Margaretha S.

    2014-01-01

    Increasing numbers of students with disabilities attend colleges and universities after graduation from high school, but studies show that students with disabilities lag behind academically and fail to make progress and complete academic programs at a level and a timeframe comparable to their peers without disabilities. Studies are needed that…

  6. Academic Leaderships Views of School Psychology and Black Students: The Case of Historically Black Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beeks, Amirah; Graves, Scott L., Jr.

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand academic leadership's views of the field of school psychology. This is the first study that has attempted to incorporate the views of historically Black college and university (HBCU) Psychology Department Chairs' regarding the field of school psychology and the potential development of school psychology…

  7. Relationship between the commu-phobic tendency and psychological stress responses in Japanese university students

    OpenAIRE

    石原, 俊一

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the present research was to examine the relationship between the "commu-phobic tendency" and the psychological stress responses among contemporary university students. One hundred twenty six university students (39 males, 87 females) completed questionnaires based on the commu-phobic tendency scale, stress self-rating scale, and stress response scale (SRS)-18. Factor analysis of the commu-phobic tendency scale produced four factors: "interpersonal refusal," "desire for isolatio...

  8. Profiles of Psychological Well-being and Coping Strategies among University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Freire

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In the transactional model of stress, coping responses are the key to preventing the stress response. In this study, the possible role of psychological well-being as a personal determinant of coping strategies in the academic context was analyzed. Specifically, the study has two objectives: (a to identify different profiles of students according to their level of psychological well-being; and (b to analyze the differences between these profiles in the use of three coping strategies (positive reappraisal, support-seeking, and planning. Age, gender, and degree were estimated as covariables. A total of 1,072 university students participated in the study. Latent profile analysis was applied to four indices of psychological well-being: self-acceptance, environmental mastery, purpose in life, and personal growth. An optimal four-profile solution, reflecting significant incremental shifts from low to very high psychological well-being, was obtained. As predicted, the profile membership distinguished between participants in positive reappraisal, support-seeking, and planning. Importantly, the higher the profile of psychological well-being was, the higher the use of the three coping strategies. Gender differences in coping strategies were observed, but no interaction effects with psychological well-being were found. Age and degree were not relevant in explaining the use of coping strategies. These results suggest that psychological well-being stands as an important personal resource to favor adaptive coping strategies for academic stress.

  9. Profiles of Psychological Well-being and Coping Strategies among University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire, Carlos; Ferradás, María Del Mar; Valle, Antonio; Núñez, José C.; Vallejo, Guillermo

    2016-01-01

    In the transactional model of stress, coping responses are the key to preventing the stress response. In this study, the possible role of psychological well-being as a personal determinant of coping strategies in the academic context was analyzed. Specifically, the study has two objectives: (a) to identify different profiles of students according to their level of psychological well-being; and (b) to analyze the differences between these profiles in the use of three coping strategies (positive reappraisal, support-seeking, and planning). Age, gender, and degree were estimated as covariables. A total of 1,072 university students participated in the study. Latent profile analysis was applied to four indices of psychological well-being: self-acceptance, environmental mastery, purpose in life, and personal growth. An optimal four-profile solution, reflecting significant incremental shifts from low to very high psychological well-being, was obtained. As predicted, the profile membership distinguished between participants in positive reappraisal, support-seeking, and planning. Importantly, the higher the profile of psychological well-being was, the higher the use of the three coping strategies. Gender differences in coping strategies were observed, but no interaction effects with psychological well-being were found. Age and degree were not relevant in explaining the use of coping strategies. These results suggest that psychological well-being stands as an important personal resource to favor adaptive coping strategies for academic stress.

  10. Whose Hands Ply the Strands? Survey of Eastern Michigan University Psychology Faculty regarding Faculty and Librarian Roles in Nurturing Psychology Information Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanger, Keith

    2012-01-01

    The Association of College and Research Libraries developed information literacy standards and associated performance indicators for undergraduate psychology students. A survey of tenure-track faculty members and full-time lecturers in the Psychology Department at Eastern Michigan University was conducted to discover how those professors viewed…

  11. Gender, Student Confidence and Communicative Styles at University: The Views of Lecturers in History and Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robson, Jocelyn; Francis, Becky; Read, Barbara

    2004-01-01

    This study examines the perceptions of 100 university lecturers in history and psychology regarding the impact of gender on their students' achievement. Qualitative data were gathered from semi-structured interviews and analysed according to discipline and gender of respondent. Key findings were that most respondents (with the exception of most…

  12. The Impact of Higher Fees on Psychology Students' Reasons for Attending University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaye, Linda K.; Bates, Elizabeth A.

    2017-01-01

    The introduction of the new UK tuition fees resulted in concerns about the impact on higher education (HE) uptake, and raised questions regarding students' motivations for attending university. The current study explored first-year undergraduate psychology students' (N = 56) reasons for attending HE through a series of focus groups. These were…

  13. Gender, Student Confidence and Communicative Styles at University: The Views of Lecturers in History and Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robson, Jocelyn; Francis, Becky; Read, Barbara

    2004-01-01

    This study examines the perceptions of 100 university lecturers in history and psychology regarding the impact of gender on their students' achievement. Qualitative data were gathered from semi-structured interviews and analysed according to discipline and gender of respondent. Key findings were that most respondents (with the exception of most…

  14. Degrees of Resilience: Profiling Psychological Resilience and Prospective Academic Achievement in University Inductees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allan, John F.; McKenna, Jim; Dominey, Susan

    2014-01-01

    University inductees may be increasingly vulnerable to stressors during transition into higher education (HE), requiring psychological resilience to achieve academic success. This study aimed to profile inductees' resilience and to investigate links to prospective end of year academic outcomes. Scores for resilience were based on a validated…

  15. Prosocial Spending and Well-Being : Cross-Cultural Evidence for a Psychological Universal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aknin, Lara B.; Barrington-Leigh, Christopher P.; Dunn, Elizabeth W.; Helliwell, John F.; Burns, Justine; Biswas-Diener, Robert; Kemeza, Imelda; Nyende, Paul; Ashton-James, Claire E.; Norton, Michael I.

    This research provides the first support for a possible psychological universal: Human beings around the world derive emotional benefits from using their financial resources to help others (prosocial spending). In Study 1, survey data from 136 countries were examined and showed that prosocial

  16. Towards a Psychological Frame for Explicating Student Unrest in Nigerian Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aluede, Oyaziwo; Imhanlahimi, Joseph E.

    2004-01-01

    This paper focused on three dominant psychological theories--Cognitive Dissonance, Relative Deprivation and Campus Ecology that have been evolved to explain student unrest, to determine their ability to account for the phenomenon in Nigerian universities. It found that none of the theories could all alone holistically account for all the causal…

  17. Helicopter Parenting and Related Issues: Psychological Well Being, Basic Psychological Needs and Depression on University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Okray, Zihniye

    2016-01-01

    Helicopter parenting is not a new dimension of parenting but it is a parenting that involves hovering parents who are potentially over-involved in the lives of their child. (Padilla-Walker, Nelson, 2012) Helicopter parenting is a unique phenomenon (Odenweller et al, 2014) and unique form of parental control (Willoughby et al., 2013) which can be described as highly involved, intensive, a hands-on method. (Schiffrin et al, 2014) In this study, university students examined about their parental ...

  18. Experiences And Thoughts of University Students About Psychological Violance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulhan YIÐITALP

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Frequency of violence is increasing in our country, as in all over the world. It seems to be an unpreventable issue violence can be prevented by three main steps; description of problem, defination of risk groups and interventions through risk groups. We conducted this study to evaluate the frequency and perception of violence in last year students of Dicle University who will be member of different professions immidately. Ten different faculties of 977 last year students was the subject of this study. Four focus group discussions on violence were conducted with 7-8 students in each to develop the inquiry form. Inquiry form was applied by confidentiality rules. Violence was asked to students during last 15 days. Perceptions were collected by using scaled Likert scoring system. All data were stored in computer and frequncy tabulations were prepared. During last 15 days 6,2% of 398 girl students suffered with physical violence. This was 7,9% in men students (n:579. Girl students were violent by her fathers and brothers and men students were violent by their peers and others. Psycological violence was 23.7% in girl students and 20.5% in boy students. Sexual violence was not present in boy students but transgression to girl students was 1.2% and importunity was 4.5%. Violence through youth is an important public health issue bcause its high frequency and effects. Frequently perpetrate of violence was from relatives. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(2.000: 131-136

  19. Experiences And Thoughts of University Students About Psychological Violance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulhan YIÐITALP

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Frequency of violence is increasing in our country, as in all over the world. It seems to be an unpreventable issue violence can be prevented by three main steps; description of problem, defination of risk groups and interventions through risk groups. We conducted this study to evaluate the frequency and perception of violence in last year students of Dicle University who will be member of different professions immidately. Ten different faculties of 977 last year students was the subject of this study. Four focus group discussions on violence were conducted with 7-8 students in each to develop the inquiry form. Inquiry form was applied by confidentiality rules. Violence was asked to students during last 15 days. Perceptions were collected by using scaled Likert scoring system. All data were stored in computer and frequncy tabulations were prepared. During last 15 days 6,2% of 398 girl students suffered with physical violence. This was 7,9% in men students (n:579. Girl students were violent by her fathers and brothers and men students were violent by their peers and others. Psycological violence was 23.7% in girl students and 20.5% in boy students. Sexual violence was not present in boy students but transgression to girl students was 1.2% and importunity was 4.5%. Violence through youth is an important public health issue bcause its high frequency and effects. Frequently perpetrate of violence was from relatives. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(2: 131-136

  20. A tale of two psychologies: The Høffding-Lehmann controversy and the establishment of experimental psychology at the University of Copenhagen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pind, Jörgen L

    2009-01-01

    Alfred Lehmann (1858-1921) was the pioneer of experimental psychology in Denmark. He established a laboratory of psychophysics in Copenhagen in 1886 after spending a winter in Wundt's laboratory. Philosophical psychology had been taught for the better part of the nineteenth century at the University of Copenhagen and had enjoyed a positivistic turn with the philosophers Harald Høffding (1843-1931) and Kristian Kroman (1846-1925). Shortly after establishing his laboratory, Lehmann criticized Høffding's theory of "unmediated recognition," which led to a sharp dispute between them on the nature of recognition. It has been claimed that this was a direct cause of Lehmann's slow advance at the University of Copenhagen. Archival sources show that Høffding, though having a very different conception of psychology from Lehmann, was on most occasions supportive of Lehmann and thus played an important role in establishing experimental psychology at the University of Copenhagen. (c) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. ANALISIS SITIRAN JURNAL PSIKOLOGI UGM TAHUN 1997-2006 Citation Analysis of Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006.

    OpenAIRE

    Irianti, Pergola; Zulaikha, Sri Rochyanti

    2015-01-01

    The study aims: (1 )to discover the foreign journal referred by the Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006, (2) to know the percentage of use of the subscribed foreign journal by the Faculty Library of Psychology, Gadjah Mada University founded in Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal from 1997 to 2006, (3) to know the relevancy and use of foreign journal by the scientific article in the Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006, (4) to...

  2. Predictors of doctoral student success in professional psychology: characteristics of students, programs, and universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, James M; Kim, Yang-Hyang

    2011-04-01

    In the face of the rising number of doctoral recipients in professional psychology, many have voiced concerns about the quality of nontraditional training programs. Past research suggests that, on a variety of outcomes, graduates from clinical PhD programs outperform graduates from clinical PsyD and, to a lesser extent, counseling PhD programs. We examine an aggregate archival dataset to determine whether student or university characteristics account for the differences in outcomes among programs. The data show meaningful differences in the outcomes of clinical PhD, PsyD, and counseling PhD programs. Furthermore, graduates from research-intensive universities perform better on the psychology licensure exam and are more likely to become American Board of Professional Psychology diplomates. The available data support the notion that the ability to conduct research is an essential component of graduate education. In this light, PsyD programs represent a unique opportunity to train students in the types of evaluation and outcomes assessments used by practicing psychologists. We discuss implications for graduate-level training in professional psychology. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Perceptions of psychology as a science among university students: the influence of psychology courses and major of study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartels, Jared M; Hinds, Ryan M; Glass, Laura A; Ryan, Joseph J

    2009-10-01

    The goal was to examine the relationship between the number of psychology courses students have taken and their perceptions of psychology as a science. Additionally, differences in perceptions of psychology among psychology, education, and natural science majors were examined. Results indicated that students who had taken four or more psychology courses had more favorable perceptions of psychology as a science compared to those who had taken no courses or one course and those who had taken two to three courses. No significant differences in overall perceptions of psychology emerged among students in the three majors.

  4. PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS THAT FOSTER OR DETER THE DISCLOSURE OF DISABILITY BY UNIVERSITY STUDENTS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Cesarei, Andrea

    2015-06-01

    Despite the increased number of students with disabilities attending university compared to a few decades ago, many students do not declare that they have a disability, reducing their chances to receive support when it is needed. Here, some of the studies investigating the factors that influence disclosure of disability are reviewed. Psychological factors related to identity, stigma, self-worth, and self-awareness are identified as the most important factors in supporting the decision to disclose a disability. Early support for these dimensions is important and should be provided as early as possible in order to facilitate the disclosure and help-seeking of university students with disabilities.

  5. Relationships between Psychological Well-Being, Happiness, and Educational Satisfaction in a Group of University Music Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirbatir, Rasim Erol

    2015-01-01

    Few studies have been conducted on music students' psychological well-being and happiness. The purpose was to assess the psychological well-being, happiness and educational satisfaction among a group of university music students. Students participated voluntarily and filled out a sociodemographic questionnaire, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale…

  6. The Predictive Strength of Perceived Parenting and Parental Attachment Styles on Psychological Symptoms among Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Körük, Serdar; Öztürk, Abdülkadir; Kara, Ahmet

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the relationships between perceived parenting, parental attachment styles and psychological symptoms among Turkish university students and it also aims to find out which perceived parenting and parental attachment styles predict psychological symptoms which were measured. This study is a quantitative research and…

  7. The Relationship Between Psychological Resilience and Life Satisfaction of University Academic Staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gamze ÜLKER TÜMLÜ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between academic staff psychological resilience and life satisfaction. The research is a descriptive study in relational survey model. The study group includes 94 faculty members chosen randomly in 2011-2012 academic years in Kastamonu University. As a data collection instruments, life satisfaction scale developed by Diener et al in 1985, adapted to Turkish by Köker in 1991 and Connor and Davidson Resilience Scale/CD-RISC developed by Connor and Davidson in 2003, adapted to Turkish by Karaırmak in 2010, were used. In the study correlation method was used in order to determine the relationship between resilience and life satisfaction, regression analysis was used in order to determine whether the resilience predict life satisfaction. In addition, Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis H tests were used in the analysis of resilience in terms of age, gender, marital status, degree, years of service and years of service at the university in the study. When the outcomes were evaluated, a significant, positive relationship was found between life satisfaction and resilience. The psychological resilience predicts life satisfaction in a meaningful way and resilience explains 7% of the total variance about life satisfaction. In addition, resilience levels of the university academic staff does not differ meaningfully from the gender, age, marital status, degree, years of service and years of service at university.

  8. Production of the sunn hemp cultivars 'AU Golden' and 'AU Durbin developed by Auburn University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) is the fastest growing species of the genus Crotalaria and is the most widely grown green manure in the tropics. Sunn hemp is also adapted to a wide range of conditions and soil types, while still producing high biomass yields. These characteristics enable the crop...

  9. Studies over University Students' Learning Psychology: A Review%大学生学习心理研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜允

    2012-01-01

    Applying the content analysis or textual analysis approach to literature review, the present paper has col- lected as research foundation all the research papers published by Chinese scholars ranging from 2001 to 2010 cov- ering the research topic of university students' learning psychology. It summarizes the major contents and progress of previous studies on the learning psychology of university students from such four aspects as the general level of u- niversity students' learning psychology, the unhealthy behaviors in university students' learning psychology, the factors affecting the formation of university students' learning psychology, as well as university students' learning psychology education. Finally, the paper puts forward certain directions for future research in this regard.%文章采取文献内容分析方法,搜集我国学者从2001年至2010年公开发表的关于“大学生学习心理”研究论文作为研究基础文章,从大学生学习心理总体水平、大学生不良学习心理表现、影响大学生学习心理形成的因素及大学生学习心理教育四个方面进行内容评介,并在此基础上提出深入研究的建议。

  10. A Psychological Study of Relationship between Life-Style and Stress in University Students

    OpenAIRE

    高橋, 恵子

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the role of psychological factors in influencing life-style. We examined the relationships among emotion, stress-coping, and life-style. A survey of the health consciousness of university students reveals that most of the students feel that their life-style is undesirable and suffer much stress. However they are not conscious of their life-style. Students who have negative emotions (depression, anxiety, anger and languor) report that they do not sleep v...

  11. Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  12. Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  13. Psychological Differences toward Pedestrian Red Light Crossing between University Students and Their Peers.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qinghui Suo

    Full Text Available Based on our site investigation conducted in 2013, we found that the pedestrian red light crossing at the midblock connecting the campus of Southwest University and living area was low, where most of pedestrians are university students and staff. This paper reports a supplementary work applying the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB to identify any psychological differences toward pedestrian red light crossing between university students and their peers. Three social groups participated in the investigation. The first group is the university students in Grade one (Group 1, the other two groups are their previous senior middle school classmates who are now working full time (Group 2 or who are now out of work and school (Group 3. The statistical results indicated The TPB components accounted for 42.9%, 55.3% and 55.4% of the variance of red signal crossing intention for Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3 in the depicted road crossing scenario. The data also showed that there are obvious differences among the participants' responses to "refrain from crossing" between university students and others, and the subsequent regression analysis revealed the ability to "refrain from crossing" played the most important role in the intention of red light crossing in the depicted scenario.

  14. Psychological Differences toward Pedestrian Red Light Crossing between University Students and Their Peers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suo, Qinghui; Zhang, Daming

    2016-01-01

    Based on our site investigation conducted in 2013, we found that the pedestrian red light crossing at the midblock connecting the campus of Southwest University and living area was low, where most of pedestrians are university students and staff. This paper reports a supplementary work applying the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) to identify any psychological differences toward pedestrian red light crossing between university students and their peers. Three social groups participated in the investigation. The first group is the university students in Grade one (Group 1), the other two groups are their previous senior middle school classmates who are now working full time (Group 2) or who are now out of work and school (Group 3). The statistical results indicated The TPB components accounted for 42.9%, 55.3% and 55.4% of the variance of red signal crossing intention for Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3 in the depicted road crossing scenario. The data also showed that there are obvious differences among the participants’ responses to “refrain from crossing” between university students and others, and the subsequent regression analysis revealed the ability to “refrain from crossing” played the most important role in the intention of red light crossing in the depicted scenario. PMID:26824667

  15. ANALISIS SITIRAN JURNAL PSIKOLOGI UGM TAHUN 1997-2006 Citation Analysis of Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pergola Irianti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aims: (1 to discover the foreign journal referred by the Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006, (2 to know the percentage of use of the subscribed foreign journal by the Faculty Library of Psychology, Gadjah Mada University founded in Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal from 1997 to 2006, (3 to know the relevancy and use of foreign journal by the scientific article in the Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006, (4 to know the currency of the foreign journal referred by Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal dating from 1997 to 2006. The study is a descriptive research with the Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal by 1997-2006 as a subject, and the foreign journals referred in Gadjah Mada University Psychology Journal by 1997-2006 as an object. Documentation, and interview are used as methods of collecting data, and citation analysis as an data analysis. The result of study: (1 There are 148 titles offoreign journal cited in Gadjah Mada University Journal of Psychology dating from 1997-2006, including 14 titles of the journal subscribed by Faculty Library of Gadjah Mada University, (2 The freguence of the citation of the 14 titles was that: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology by 68 times (39,76%, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology by 23 (13,45%, Journal of Applied Psychology by 21 (12,28%, Psychological Bulletin by 11 (6,43%, Journal of Abnormal Psychology and Journal of Counseling Psychology by 9 respectively ( 5,26%, Journal of Educational Psychology by 8 (4,67%, Developmental Psychology by 7 (4,09%, Journal of Occupational Psychology by 5 (2,92%, Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology and Psychological Review by 3 respectively (1,75%, Journal of Experimental Psychology by 2 (1,16%, American Psychologist and Health Psychology by 1 each (0,58%. (3 There are also a relevancy between the scientific article and the foreign journal referred, in the

  16. Predicting the "Freshman 15": Environmental and Psychological Predictors of Weight Gain in First-Year University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vella-Zarb, Rachel A.; Elgar, Frank J.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: (1) To investigate weight gain in first-year university students; and (2) to examine whether environmental and psychological factors, specifically accommodation and stress, predict weight gain. Methods: Eighty-four first-year university students (77 per cent female) were weighed and completed the Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen, Kamarck…

  17. The role of university and college counseling centers in advancing the professionalization of psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bingham, Rosie Phillips

    2015-11-01

    Psychologists in university and college counseling centers (UCCCs) have helped to shape and advance the professionalization of psychology. Most definitions of a profession contain at least 5 components. A profession has (1) systematic theories and underlying principles; (2) authority to practice provided by the client; (3) a long educational process, including training and mentoring; (4) standards and a code of ethics; and (5) a culture of service and accountability to the public. UCCC professionals have evolved in a manner that demonstrates all 5 components of a profession. They advance the discipline of psychology as a profession through their counseling interventions because such interventions are based on scientific theories and principles. While their practice rests on scientific principles, their work helps to confirm and modify that science. Authority to practice is evidenced by the continuous growth of counseling centers since World War II. UCCCs aid the extended educational process for psychology graduate students as evidenced by their providing more internship training sites than any other category of training agencies. The majority of UCCC professionals are licensed and must abide by their state code of ethics. Such codes hold psychologists accountable to the public because they regularly deliver counseling service to at least 10% of the campus student population and offer outreach services to many more in their communities.

  18. Interpersonal relations in university: what do undergraduated students in Psychology think?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Benevides Soares

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Social relations at the university are important for adaptation, experience and academic results. This article aims to identify how college students perceive their experiences in interpersonal situations in academic space. We used focus group to collect the data and content analysis to categorize and analyze the speech of the students. Participants were 13 psychology students from a public university in Rio de Janeiro city. The results allowed the categorization of situations as easy and difficult. Concerning difficult situations, we perceived the students’ difficulties in dealing with interpersonal relationships. Regarding the teacher-student relationship, difficulties were identified with the teacher’s didactics. As situations listed as easy, we highlight the students who admire their teachers, the tolerance of differences, socialization, and acceptance to work with colleagues.

  19. Psychological distress as a mediator in the relationships between biopsychosocial factors and disordered eating among Malaysian university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Wan Ying; Mohd Nasir, Mohd Taib; Zalilah, Mohd Shariff; Hazizi, Abu Saad

    2012-12-01

    The mechanism linking biopsychosocial factors to disordered eating among university students is not well understood especially among Malaysians. This study aimed to examine the mediating role of psychological distress in the relationships between biopsychosocial factors and disordered eating among Malaysian university students. A self-administered questionnaire measured self-esteem, body image, social pressures to be thin, weight-related teasing, psychological distress, and disordered eating in 584 university students (59.4% females and 40.6% males). Body weight and height were measured. Structural equation modeling analysis revealed that the partial mediation model provided good fit to the data. Specifically, the relationships between self-esteem and weight-related teasing with disordered eating were mediated by psychological distress. In contrast, only direct relationships between body weight status, body image, and social pressures to be thin with disordered eating were found and were not mediated by psychological distress. Furthermore, multigroup analyses indicated that the model was equivalent for both genders but not for ethnic groups. There was a negative relationship between body weight status and psychological distress for Chinese students, whereas this was not the case among Malay students. Intervention and prevention programs on psychological distress may be beneficial in reducing disordered eating among Malaysian university students.

  20. Motivation, Psychology and Language Effect on Mobile Learning in Universiti Sains Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Issham Ismail

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the motivation, psychology and language effect on Mobile learning in the School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang. Mobile learning or m-learning is a new learning phenomenon in the open and distance learning environments. Moving from stationary to mobile learning allows informal collaboration and interaction between learners. Therefore, there is a necessity to revise people’s psychological factors, process and mechanisms that underlie M-learning so that the practice can move from technology-centred implementation to human-centred effective learning processes. The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS Version 12.0 and Rasch Model Analysis was used to measure these items. The 5-point Likert scale questionnaires (12 items being sent to 105 distance education students from four courses including Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Social Science and Bachelor of Management which was distributed in tutorial sessions during the annual residential intensive course in the main campus of the Universiti Sains Malaysia by their respective course managers. The finding shows that a positive response from the learners as they feel happy to use this additional learning tools (mobile learning. Learner’s feel supported and motivated to use the mobile application with the usability of simple language.

  1. Feeling Healthy? A Survey of Physical and Psychological Wellbeing of Students from Seven Universities in the UK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Stoate

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available University students’ physical and psychological health and wellbeing are important and comprise many variables. This study assessed perceived health status in addition to a range of physical and psychological wellbeing indicators of 3,706 undergraduate students from seven universities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. We compared differences in these variables across males and females, and across the participating universities. The data was collected in 2007–2008. A self-administered questionnaire assessed socio-demographic information (e.g., gender, age, self-reported physical and psychological health data, as well as questions on health awareness, health service use, social support, burdens and stressors and university study related questions. While females generally reported more health problems and psychological burdens, male students felt that they received/had fewer persons to depend on for social support. The comparisons of health and wellbeing variables across the different universities suggested some evidence of ‘clustering’ of the variables under study, whereby favourable situations would be exhibited by a cluster of the variables that is encountered at some universities; and conversely, the clustering of less favourable variables as exhibited at other universities. We conclude that the level of health complaints and psychological problems/burdens is relatively high and calls for increased awareness of university administrators, leaders and policy makers to the health and well-being needs of their students. The observed clustering effects also indicated the need for local (university-specific health and wellbeing profiles as basis and guidance for relevant health promotion programmes at universities.

  2. Review of Seismic Hazard Issues Associated with Auburn Dam Project, Sierra Nevada Foothills, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, D.P.; Joyner, W.B.; Stein, R.S.; Brown, R.D.; McGarr, A.F.; Hickman, S.H.; Bakun, W.H.

    1996-01-01

    Summary -- The U.S. Geological Survey was requested by the U.S. Department of the Interior to review the design values and the issue of reservoir-induced seismicity for a concrete gravity dam near the site of the previously-proposed Auburn Dam in the western foothills of the Sierra Nevada, central California. The dam is being planned as a flood-control-only dam with the possibility of conversion to a permanent water-storage facility. As a basis for planning studies the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is using the same design values approved by the Secretary of the Interior in 1979 for the original Auburn Dam. These values were a maximum displacement of 9 inches on a fault intersecting the dam foundation, a maximum earthquake at the site of magnitude 6.5, a peak horizontal acceleration of 0.64 g, and a peak vertical acceleration of 0.39 g. In light of geological and seismological investigations conducted in the western Sierran foothills since 1979 and advances in the understanding of how earthquakes are caused and how faults behave, we have developed the following conclusions and recommendations: Maximum Displacement. Neither the pre-1979 nor the recent observations of faults in the Sierran foothills precisely define the maximum displacement per event on a fault intersecting the dam foundation. Available field data and our current understanding of surface faulting indicate a range of values for the maximum displacement. This may require the consideration of a design value larger than 9 inches. We recommend reevaluation of the design displacement using current seismic hazard methods that incorporate uncertainty into the estimate of this design value. Maximum Earthquake Magnitude. There are no data to indicate that a significant change is necessary in the use of an M 6.5 maximum earthquake to estimate design ground motions at the dam site. However, there is a basis for estimating a range of maximum magnitudes using recent field information and new statistical fault

  3. Psychological Characteristics of 7-Year Schooling Students in Military Medical University and Cultivation on Their Learning Motivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Jing; QIAN Guisheng; YIN Cui'e

    2002-01-01

    By investigation and analysis on psychological characteristics of 7 - year schooling students in military medical university, we knew that their learning motivation needed to be initiated and cultivated. In association with psychological theory, this study discussed the way to initiate and cultivate learning motivation in eight aspects such as cognition, application of course goal, diversity of teaching methods, feedback of teaching effect and enriching the second class.

  4. 76 FR 74844 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance at Auburn-Lewiston Municipal Airport...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    ... Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (AIR 21) requires the FAA to provide an opportunity for public... northwesterly line of said McLeod 435.53' to a 5 rebar with cap stamped ``NCS, INC PLS 1314'' set in the... and land N/F of City of Auburn and City of Lewiston (Airport Property) 200.49' to a 5 rebar with...

  5. Sleep quality and its psychological correlates among university students in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lemma Seblewngel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sleep is an important physiological process for humans. University students in most resource limited countries often report poor sleep quality due to changing social opportunities and increasing academic demands. However, sleep quality among university students has not been studied in Ethiopia. Thus, this study assessed sleep quality and its demographic and psychological correlates among university students. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in two universities in Ethiopia. Multistage sampling procedures were used to enroll 2,817 students into the study. A self-administered structured questionnaire including the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS and selected modules of the World Health Organization STEPS instrument was used for the study. This research included 2,551 students. Frequency, median, mean with standard deviation and 95% confidence interval were used to characterize sleep quality and other variables. Analysis of variance and binary logistic regression procedures were also used. Result The prevalence of poor sleep quality (total PSQI score > 5 was 55.8% (1,424. Female students (adjusted odds ratio (AOR 1.23; 95% CI: 1.00, 1.57, second year (AOR 2.91; 95% CI: 2.1, 4.02 and third year students (AOR 2.25; 95% CI 1.62, 3.12 had statistically significant higher odds of poor sleep quality. Perceived stress level and symptoms of depression and anxiety were strongly associated with sleep quality. Conclusion A substantial proportion of university students are affected by poor sleep quality. If our results are confirmed in prospective studies, health promotion and educational programs for students should emphasize the importance of sleep and mental health.

  6. International Association for Cognitive Education and Psychology. European Regional Conference: Cognitive Development and Learning from Kindergarten to University. Program and Abstracts

    OpenAIRE

    Hessels, Marco G.P.

    2012-01-01

    Abstracts and program of the 2012 European Regional Conference "Cognitive development and learning from kindergarten to university" of the International Association for Cognitive Education and Psychology.

  7. International Association for Cognitive Education and Psychology. European Regional Conference: Cognitive Development and Learning from Kindergarten to University. Program and Abstracts

    OpenAIRE

    Hessels, Marco G.P.

    2012-01-01

    Abstracts and program of the 2012 European Regional Conference "Cognitive development and learning from kindergarten to university" of the International Association for Cognitive Education and Psychology.

  8. Relationship between psychological factors and symptoms of TMD in university undergraduate students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesqueira, Aldiéris A; Zuim, Paulo R J; Monteiro, Douglas R; Ribeiro, Paula Do Prado; Garcia, Alicio R

    2010-01-01

    Temporomandibular disorders is a collective term used to describe a number of related disorders involving the temporomandibular joints, masticatory muscles and occlusion with common symptoms such as pain, restricted movement, muscle tenderness and intermittent joint sounds. The multifactorial TMD etiology is related to emotional tension, occlusal interferences, tooth loss, postural deviation, masticatory muscular dysfunction, internal and external changes in TMJ structure and the various associations of these factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of the relationship between signs of psychological distress and temporomandibular disorder in university students. A total 150 volunteers participated in this study. They attended different courses in the field of human science at one public university and four private universities. TMD was assessed by the Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) questionnaire. Anxiety was measured by means of a self-evaluative questionnaire, Spielberger's Trait-State anxiety inventory, to evaluate students'state and trait anxiety. The results of the two questionnaires were compared to determine the relationship between anxiety levels and severity degrees of chronic TMD pain by means of the chi-square test. The significance level was set at 5%. The statistical analysis showed that the TMD degree has a positive association with state-anxiety (p = 0.008; p TMD rate was observed among the students (40%). This study concluded that there is a positive association between TMD and anxiety.

  9. PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PERCEPTION AND INDERSTANDING OF TEACHERS BY UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniil K. Romanov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the paper is concerned with the problem of increasing the quality of training processes at the university. One of the ways is to increase the efficiency of educational dialogue in the system “teacher – student”. The paper presents a theoretical analysis of the problem of communication and interpersonal under standing. The authors highlight the basic functions of the other person’s image and his/her connection with the content of the joint activity. Materials and Methods: the authors used a technique of a free reference for solution of the problem along with application of the method of content analysis and several statistical methods. Sense bearing judgement serves as a unit of analysis that reflects some psychological qualities of a teacher. The study was carried out on the basis of National Research Mordovia State University. 100 students of humanities and natural science specialities took part in this survey: 50 people in each group. Results: the analysis of judgements allowed to define the essential components of a teacher’s image: wide- ness, content and structure. On average students highlight seven qualities in teachers. This tells of a low level of psychological competence. Humanities students have better results than students of natural science and technical specialties. The students perceive the teacher as a whole person. The content of the image includes not only professional skills, but also traits of character, temperament, behaviour and appearance. The analysis allowed to reveal the differences in the image of a teacher based on opinions of humanities students against technical specialties students. Differences in the perception of teacher’s image among students of Russian and Mordovian ethnicity were not found. Discussion and Conclusions: the practical significance of the study – ideas of modern students about a good teacher will lay foundation for determining the directions of teacher professional

  10. Psychological wellbeing of Turkish university students with physical impairments: an evaluation within the stress-vulnerability paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koca-Atabey, Mujde; Karanci, A Nuray; Dirik, Gulay; Aydemir, Deniz

    2011-04-01

    Generally, universities in developing countries offer little in the way of provisions and support (material, emotional, etc.) for disabled students. Therefore, disabled students experience considerable burdens and barriers in their educational life. This study investigated the psychological wellbeing of disabled Turkish university students by examining influences on stress-related growth and psychological distress. Disability is defined within the framework of a social model. According to this view, impairment refers to the functional limitation(s) that affect(s) a person's body, whereas disability refers to the loss or limitation of opportunities owing to social, physical or psychological obstacles. Seventy disabled university students with physical impairments were administered a questionnaire package, including a sociodemographic information sheet, Ways of Coping Questionnaire, Stress-Related Growth Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Social Support, Life Events Inventory, and Brief Symptom Inventory. Snowball sampling was used and voluntary participation was essential. The results showed that disability burden, daily hassles, and helplessness coping were significant predictors of psychological symptoms. For stress-related growth the only variable that appeared significant was problem-solving coping. The results pointed out that there may be different pathways to distress and growth. In order to decrease psychological distress and enhance growth in disabled university students, disability awareness programs, changes in the barriers in the academic and physical environments of the university campuses, and coping skills training to increase problem-focused coping and to combat helplessness may prove to be effective. Reducing daily hassles for the disabled students is likely to contribute to their wellbeing by decreasing their burdens. Also, a more disability-friendly environment is likely to be empowering for disabled university students.

  11. Social and psychological factors affecting eating habits among university students in a Malaysian medical school: a cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Ganasegeran Kurubaran; Al-Dubai Sami AR; Qureshi Ahmad M; Al-abed Al-abed AA; AM, Rizal; Aljunid Syed M

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Eating habits have been a major concern among university students as a determinant of health status. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of eating habits and its associated social and psychological factors among medical students. Methods A cross sectional study was conducted among 132 medical students of pre-clinical phase at a Malaysian university. A self-administered questionnaire was used which included questions on socio-demography, anthropometry, eating ha...

  12. Extra-curricular methods for improving the quality of the staff training in the university of civil engineering (psychological content

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magera Tatiana

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available High technologies in architecture and construction change the world around. Professional trainings for the creators of the artificial environment (engineers and architects have an effect on people’s life but practically they don’t take into account the human nature of the final user and his own psychological features. In this article there are presented the results of the psychological services in the University of civil engineering from 2006 to 2017 as extra-curricular methods for the general competences formation and development. There are also described the methods of works and their specifics, some difficulties and perspectives. There are explained the reasons for psychological service at the university of civil engineering. There are also taken into account the global risks and dangers affecting the study content of civil engineering.

  13. A Study of the Social and Psychological Factors Affecting Political Participation among University Professors: research subject: University of Isfahan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Masoudnia

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction   Political Participation is one of the main discussions in political sociology and political development in all countries. It is considered as an aspect of political development that can also support the political organizations to achieve democracy. In fact, the degree of political participation is a mean to know whether governments are logical or not.   The main goal of this study is to examine social-psychological causes influencing political participation of Isfahan University teachers. The factor of political tendency and membership in organs are based on Huntington’s and Nelson’s Views. They considered social superiority and a person’s capability on a person’s tendency on political participation. They believed that if a person tends to be a member of group and councils, they will perform political participation more. On the other hand, there are other factors such as age, education, earning, race, tribe, religion which are based on Budwell’s View.   It is necessary that some factors such as media and political effects are based on Olson’s theory.   First hypothesis: There are some relations between demographic factors (people’s age, sex, single / marriage, member in organs and political Participation.   Second hypothesis: There are some relations between political environment and political Participation.   Third hypothesis: There are some relations between individualism and political Participation.   Fourth hypothesis: There are some relations between political knowledge and political Participation.   Fifth hypothesis: There are some relations between collective media and political Participation.   Sixth hypothesis: There are some relations between political tendency and political Participation.   Seventh hypothesis: There are some relations between political effects and political Participation.   Eighth hypothesis: There are some relations between relative abandonment and political Participation.

  14. Spatial abilities, Earth science conceptual understanding, and psychological gender of university non-science majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Alice A. (Jill)

    Research has shown the presence of many Earth science misconceptions and conceptual difficulties that may impede concept understanding, and has also identified a number of categories of spatial ability. Although spatial ability has been linked to high performance in science, some researchers believe it has been overlooked in traditional education. Evidence exists that spatial ability can be improved. This correlational study investigated the relationship among Earth science conceptual understanding, three types of spatial ability, and psychological gender, a self-classification that reflects socially-accepted personality and gender traits. A test of Earth science concept understanding, the Earth Science Concepts (ESC) test, was developed and field tested from 2001 to 2003 in 15 sections of university classes. Criterion validity was .60, significant at the .01 level. Spearman/Brown reliability was .74 and Kuder/Richardson reliability was .63. The Purdue Visualization of Rotations (PVOR) (mental rotation), the Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) (spatial perception), the Differential Aptitude Test: Space Relations (DAT) (spatial visualization), and the Bem Inventory (BI) (psychological gender) were administered to 97 non-major university students enrolled in undergraduate science classes. Spearman correlations revealed moderately significant correlations at the .01 level between ESC scores and each of the three spatial ability test scores. Stepwise regression analysis indicated that PVOR scores were the best predictor of ESC scores, and showed that spatial ability scores accounted for 27% of the total variation in ESC scores. Spatial test scores were moderately or weakly correlated with each other. No significant correlations were found among BI scores and other test scores. Scantron difficulty analysis of ESC items produced difficulty ratings ranging from 33.04 to 96.43, indicating the percentage of students who answered incorrectly. Mean score on the ESC was 34

  15. Postbaccalaureate Salaries of Psychology Majors from a Historically Black University: How Much Does a Master's Degree Add?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sibulkin, Amy E.; Butler, J. S.

    2016-01-01

    A sample of predominantly African American psychology major baccalaureates from a historically Black university self-reported job types, salaries, and master's degree completion. For this pre-2009 recession sample, we found that (a) the rates of employment were quite high; (b) most jobs were related to health, mental health, social work, and…

  16. On the Margins: A Psychoanalytic Perspective on the Location of Counselling, Psychotherapy and Counselling Psychology Training Programmes within Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizq, Rosemary

    2007-01-01

    Despite the continuing expansion of psychotherapeutic training programmes within universities in the UK, very little has been written about the psychological strains which may be experienced by teams working within the context of higher education. This theoretical paper offers a psychoanalytic perspective on the location of such teams, drawing on…

  17. Optimism and Psychological Resilience in Relation to Depressive Symptoms in University Students: Examining the Mediating Role of Self-Esteem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapikiran, Sahin; Acun-Kapikiran, Necla

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the role of self-esteem as a mediator in the relationships between optimism and psychological resilience on depressive symptoms in university students. A total of 494 undergraduate students, comprising of 253 female and 241 male participated in this study. Participants' ages ranged from 18 to 30 (M = 20.85, SD = 1.57).…

  18. Effects of Mindfulness-Based versus Interpersonal Process Group Intervention on Psychological Well-Being with a Clinical University Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Ciara; Bond, Lynne A.; London, Miv

    2013-01-01

    This quasi-experimental study compared a group mindfulness-based intervention (MI) with an interpersonal process (IP) group intervention and a no-treatment (NT) control condition in reducing psychological distress among 112 students at 2 universities. At postintervention, IP and MI group participants exhibited significant reductions in anxiety,…

  19. On University Students' Psychological Problems at Uni-versity and the Adjustment%在校大学生心理问题及调适

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨美娜

    2015-01-01

    当代大学生心理问题已经引起社会的广泛关注,大学生作为一个特殊的社会群体,他们身上承载着来自社会各界的期望和压力,同时也呈现出独特的精神状态,也产生一些心理困惑。本文在分析大学生心理问题的基础上,提出了心理障碍的调适方法,具有十分重要的指导意义,能够更好地促进大学生身心和个性的健康发展。%Contemporary university students' psychological prob-lems have aroused the wide attention of the society. As a special social group, they are under the expectation and pressure from all walks of life, and meanwhile, they present unique spiritual state and have some psychological confusions. Based on analyzing u-niversity students' psychological problems, this paper proposes the methods to adjust their psychological disorders, aiming to better promote their healthy physical and psychological develop-ment as well as personality development.

  20. The Needs Assessment in order to develop the Service of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center, Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance, the Faculty of Education, Mahasarakham University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaiporn Pongpisanrat

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore the needs assessment in order to develop the service of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center, Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance, the Faculty of Education, Mahasarakham University. This study aimed to compare the realistic service and the desirable service, as well as, to explore the directions to improve the service of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center among the service recipients based on their gender, age range, and field of studies. A total sample of 150 participants were service recipients; college students, lecturers, staff during the first semester academic year 2014 until the first semester academic year 2015. The instruments used included: the Questionnaire on needs assessment of the development of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center, and a focus group discussion. Frequency distribution, percentage, means, standard deviation, and variance were used to analyze the data. The needs assessment results showed as follows: 1 Overall the realistic basis of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center service was in an “above level of needs” while “the highest level of needs” was found in the desirable qualification. After having divided into categories, the result yielded an “above level” on the realistic basis of the counselor characteristics, task planning, and facility arrangement. For the desired qualification, the results showed that the needs on the counselors’ characteristics, task planning, and facility arrangement were identified as at a highest level of needs. 2 No differences were found on the realistic basis needs of the clients, the services provided, gender, and age range of the clients although they responded differently to the questionnaire. The clients who responded to the questionnaire from different field of studies showed the different needs of services provided in the realistic basis significantly at the level of .05 in which the General Sciences

  1. Predictors of international students' psychological and sociocultural adjustment to the context of reception while studying at Aarhus University, Denmark.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Simon

    2015-12-01

    The number of international students engaging in intercultural education and thereby adjusting to cross-cultural transition has risen conspicuously as a consequence of globalization and increased mobility. This process of acculturation has been associated with increased creativity as well as adaptation challenges. This paper investigates international students' psychological and sociocultural adjustment to studying at Aarhus University in Denmark. Both international students (n = 129) and domestic students (n = 111) participated in the study. The international students did not report impaired psychological conditions as compared to the control group of domestic students. However, the international students reported a significantly lower level of social support. Social support and perceived discrimination were significant predictors of both psychological and sociocultural adjustment. Additionally, the level of English proficiency alone predicted sociocultural adjustment. Values of vertical individualism and horizontal collectivism predicted psychological adjustment. Finally, integration was found to be a significantly more adaptive acculturation orientation than separation in regard to sociocultural adjustment. These findings were discussed in relation to relevant international research and it was concluded that international students comprise a resourceful student sample and that the international academic environment at Aarhus University appears to be an adequately cultural and value-oriented good fit as a context of reception for the multicultural engagement of international students. © 2015 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Evaluation of water-stress tolerance of Acala SJ 2 and Auburn 2 cotton cultivars in a phenotyping platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleber Morais Guimarães

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Due to the current scarcity of water, which may be aggravated by climate changes, it is important to develop cultivars tolerant to water stress. For this, information regarding the variability of the tolerance of cultivars to this stress is required. This information can be obtained by using phenotyping platforms, which allow a large-scale and automated assessment of crop traits related to productivity under water stress. This study took place in a greenhouse and used a phenotyping platform to evaluate some agronomic and physiological traits of two cotton cultivars with differing tolerances to this stress. The experiment was performed in a randomized block design, in a split-plot scheme with four replicates. The main plots were composed of five water regimes and the subplots of two cultivars, Acala SJ 2 and Auburn 2. The water regimes consisted of a well-irrigated treatment (daily replacement of 100% of evapotranspired water and four water restriction regimes (20%, 40%, 60% and 80% of evapotranspired water at the well-irrigated treatment. The phenotyping platform and protocol (different percentages of daily replacement of evapotranspired water employed were suitable to the evaluated cotton cultivars for water-stress tolerance, and allowed the determination of the cultivar most tolerant (Acala SJ 2 and of the cultivar most sensitive (Auburn 2 to water stress. ‘Acala SJ 2’ displayed better physiological and agronomic traits in all water regimes, including higher root density in the upper soil layer, as well as higher water use than ‘Auburn 2’, which explained its higher seed yield under the conditions employed.

  3. Psychological Health of First-Year Health Professional Students in a Medical University in the United Arab Emirates

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    Kadayam G Gomathi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the psychological health of first-year health professional students and to study sources of student stress. Methods: All first-year students (N = 125 of the Gulf Medical University (GMU in Ajman, United Arab Emirates (UAE, were invited to participate in a voluntary, anonymous, self-administered, questionnaire-based survey in January 2011. Psychological health was assessed using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. A 24-item questionnaire, with items related to academic, psychosocial and health domains was used to identify sources of stress. Pearson’s chi-squared test and the Mann-Whitney U-test were used for testing the association between psychological morbidity and sources of stress. Results: A total of 112 students (89.6% completed the survey and the overall prevalence of psychological morbidity was found to be 33.6%. The main academic-related sources of stress were ‘frequency of exams’, ‘academic workload’, and ‘time management’. Major psychosocial stressors were ‘worries regarding future’, ‘high parental expectations’, ‘anxiety’, and ‘dealing with members of the opposite sex’. Health-related issues were ‘irregular eating habits’, ‘lack of exercise’, and ‘sleep-related problems’. Psychological morbidity was not significantly associated with any of the demographic factors studied. However, total stress scores and academics-related domain scores were significantly associated with psychological morbidity. Conclusion: Psychological morbidity was seen in one in three first-year students attending GMU. While worries regarding the future and parental expectations were sources of stress for many students, psychological morbidity was found to be significantly associated with only the total stress and the academic-related domain scores.

  4. Prosocial spending and well-being: cross-cultural evidence for a psychological universal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aknin, Lara B; Barrington-Leigh, Christopher P; Dunn, Elizabeth W; Helliwell, John F; Burns, Justine; Biswas-Diener, Robert; Kemeza, Imelda; Nyende, Paul; Ashton-James, Claire E; Norton, Michael I

    2013-04-01

    This research provides the first support for a possible psychological universal: Human beings around the world derive emotional benefits from using their financial resources to help others (prosocial spending). In Study 1, survey data from 136 countries were examined and showed that prosocial spending is associated with greater happiness around the world, in poor and rich countries alike. To test for causality, in Studies 2a and 2b, we used experimental methodology, demonstrating that recalling a past instance of prosocial spending has a causal impact on happiness across countries that differ greatly in terms of wealth (Canada, Uganda, and India). Finally, in Study 3, participants in Canada and South Africa randomly assigned to buy items for charity reported higher levels of positive affect than participants assigned to buy the same items for themselves, even when this prosocial spending did not provide an opportunity to build or strengthen social ties. Our findings suggest that the reward experienced from helping others may be deeply ingrained in human nature, emerging in diverse cultural and economic contexts.

  5. The development of Industrial Psychology at South African Universities: A historical overview and future perspective

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    Dries M. G. Schreuder

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the past 100 years, Industrial Psychology has developed into a viable discipline that has meaningfully contributed to society's knowledge of work behaviour. This has improved the effectiveness of organisations and has increased the job performance of individuals and groups. The world is in a transitional phase, with organisations finding themselves on the edge of chaos. Industrial psychologists must be ready to help organisations to survive in these uncertain times. It will probably be expected of industrial psychologists to assume specialised roles, rather than the maintenance roles of the past. This offers new challenges to universities regarding the training of industrial psychologists. Opsomming Oor die afgelope 100 jaar het Bedryfsielkunde in 'n lewensvatbare dissipline ontwikkel, wat betekenisvol tot die gemeenskap se kennis van werksgedrag bygedra het. Dit het die doeltreffendheid van organisasies verbeter en die werkprestasie van individue en groepe verhoog. Die wêreld is in 'n oorgangsfase, met organisasies wat hulself op die rand van chaos bevind. Bedryfsielkundiges moet gereed wees om organisasies te help om in hierdie onsekere tydperk te oorleef. Daar sal waarskynlik van bedryfsielkundiges verwag word om eerder gespesialiseerde rolle te speel teenoor die instandhoudingsrolle van die verlede. Dit bied nuwe uitdagings aan universiteite met betrekking tot die opleiding van bedryfsielkundiges.

  6. Effectiveness of a positive psychology intervention combined with cognitive behavioral therapy in university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario-Josefa Marrero

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to design and implement a positive intervention combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy to enhance subjective and psychological well-being and other positive functioning constructs in a convenience sample. Participants analysed were 48 university students (mean age 22.25, 25 assigned nonrandomized to intervention condition and 23 to no-treatment waiting-list control condition. All participants were assessed pre- and post-intervention to test the treatment program effectiveness. Repeated-measures ANCOVAs, controlling baseline differences between the two groups, indicated that the intervention group reported greater social support after the intervention period than the waiting-list control group. Within-group differences were found for happiness, selfacceptance, positive relations with others, optimism, and self-esteem in the intervention group; these differences did not appear in the waiting-list control group. These findings suggest the limited capacity of this intervention program for improving well-being through positive activities combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy. Future research should analyse what kind of activities could be more effective in promoting well-being depending on the characteristics of participants.

  7. Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatment for major depressive disorder in a university psychology clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estupiñá Puig, Francisco José; Labrador Encinas, Francisco Javier

    2012-11-01

    Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is the most prevalent mental disorder in our environment, and one of the main causes of disability. While several empirically supported treatments (ESTs) for MDD exist, some doubts have been cast on the applicability--in time, components, and effectiveness--of these ESTs in routine clinical practice. A few attempts have been made to contrast the effectiveness of ESTs, but usually the precise components of the treatment developed are not considered in detail. The purpose of this study is to analyze the components of an EST-based treatment on a sample of 69 MDD cases from a University Psychology Clinic, and to benchmark them against the results of published efficacy studies on ESTs (behavioral activation, cognitive therapy, interpersonal therapy). Results show that treatments delivered at this clinical facility are similar in components, length, and effectiveness (in effect size, completers and improved ratio) to the benchmarked studies. Cognitive restructuring is the most frequent component of the delivered treatments. Therapy results show a 3.12 effect size, and a 55.1% improved ratio over initial sample, an 80% of completers. Results and limitations of the current study, especially those related to sample and center characteristics, are discussed.

  8. The Predictive Strength of Perceived Parenting and Parental Attachment Styles on Psychological Symptoms among Turkish University Students

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    Serdar Körük

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the relationships between perceived parenting, parental attachment styles and psychological symptoms among Turkish university students and it also aims to find out which perceived parenting and parental attachment styles predict psychological symptoms which were measured. This study is a quantitative research and uses causal comparative research design. The sample of this study consists of 400 university students. Young Parenting Inventory, Parental Bonding Instrument and Brief Symptom Inventory were used for gathering data. The depressive, hostility and anxiety symptoms were determined as the most prevalent psychological symptoms among the sample. The conditional/achievement-oriented and ruling/former mother perceptions were found as the most prevalent perceived parenting styles for mother and the conditional/achievement-oriented and close/repressed feelings perceived as parenting styles for father. Pessimistic/fearful mother, belittling/captious mother and overprotective/worrywart father were found as the most predictive perceived parenting styles which predict the psychological symptoms in a significant level and in a positive way

  9. The Role of University Students' General Self-Efficacy, Depression and Psychological Well-Being in Predicting Their Exercise Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ersöz, Gözde

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this research is to examine the relationship between exercise and general self-efficacy, depression, and psychological well-being of college students. Five hundred and twenty-two university students (n[subscript male] = 273; X[subscript age] = 23.33 ± 4.36 and n[subscript female] = 279; X[subscript age] = 25.91 ± 7.11) have participated…

  10. Association between symptoms of temporomandibular disorders and gender, morphological occlusion, and psychological factors in a group of university students

    OpenAIRE

    Bonjardim Leonardo; Lopes-Filho Ricardo; Amado Guilherme; Albuquerque Ricardo; Goncalves Suzane

    2009-01-01

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to find out the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in a sample of university students and its relationship to gender, occlusion, and psychological factors. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 196 subjects, aged 18-25 years. The TMD degree was evaluated using an anamnestic questionnaire. Morphologic occlusion was evaluated according to Angle classification (classes I, II, and III). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), a 14-...

  11. Have University Sport Students Higher Scores Depression, Anxiety and Psychological Stress?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirel, Havva

    2016-01-01

    Multiple studies have now shown that people who maintain appropriate body fitness, using judicious regimens of exercise and weight control, have the additional benefit of prolonged life. In fact, sport or exercise may be also expected to be helpful for psychological health. In the present study, depression, anxiety and psychological stress points…

  12. This Is Your Brain on Psychology: Wireless Electroencephalography Technology in a University Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Peter C.

    2015-01-01

    With the burgeoning influence of cognitive neuroscience in the field of psychology, it is important to train, or at least expose, undergraduate psychology students to the discipline's methods. Unfortunately, many instructors are limited in their ability to provide such tangible experiences due to resource limitations. However, recent advances in…

  13. This Is Your Brain on Psychology: Wireless Electroencephalography Technology in a University Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Peter C.

    2015-01-01

    With the burgeoning influence of cognitive neuroscience in the field of psychology, it is important to train, or at least expose, undergraduate psychology students to the discipline's methods. Unfortunately, many instructors are limited in their ability to provide such tangible experiences due to resource limitations. However, recent advances in…

  14. The Effect of Positive Peer Reinforcement on Psychological Measures and Guitar Songleading Performance in University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverman, Michael J.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of positive peer reinforcement on self-reported psychological measures and songleading performance in beginning guitar students. No differences were found between the control group (n = 21) and the experimental group (n = 20) concerning psychological measures of self-esteem, stress, and…

  15. Learning to Teach Reading: A Theory-Practice Approach to Psychology Teaching in University Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drechsel, Barbara; Breunig, Katharina; Thurn, Daniela; Basten, Johanna

    2014-01-01

    The report portrays a theory-practice psychology course on reading education in a German teacher education programme. Having completed a theoretical course phase that is largely based on knowledge from cognitive and educational psychology, pre-service student-teachers applied their acquired knowledge by working with a fifth-grader in five…

  16. Learning to Teach Reading: A Theory-Practice Approach to Psychology Teaching in University Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drechsel, Barbara; Breunig, Katharina; Thurn, Daniela; Basten, Johanna

    2014-01-01

    The report portrays a theory-practice psychology course on reading education in a German teacher education programme. Having completed a theoretical course phase that is largely based on knowledge from cognitive and educational psychology, pre-service student-teachers applied their acquired knowledge by working with a fifth-grader in five…

  17. Effectiveness of a positive psychology intervention combined with cognitive behavioral therapy in university students

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rosario Josefa Marrero; Mónica Carballeira; Sabrina Martín; Miriam Mejías

    2016-01-01

      The aim of this study was to design and implement a positive intervention combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy to enhance subjective and psychological well-being and other positive functioning...

  18. Medical students are from Mars--business and psychology students are from Venus--- University teachers are from Pluto?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, Keith; Sander, Paul

    2002-01-01

    This study explores further the reasons given by the first year medical students in comparison with first year business and first year psychology students for their selection of lectures, student role play, and student presentations as their least preferred teaching method. The reasons were originally given in a questionnaire exploring student expectations of university teaching completed by 195 medical, 128 business and 72 psychology students in their first week at university (Sander et al, 2000). The analysis reported here suggests that whilst students irrespective of course gave similar reasons for not liking lectures, there were subtle differences between medical students and business and psychology students in the reasons they gave for not liking student role play and student presentations. These differences suggest that many first year medical students can be suspicious of the value of student centred learning methods. Teachers hoping to use these methods should acknowledge student suspicion and work to help students see the value of these techniques to encourage their full participation.

  19. A case study in Gantt charts as historiophoty: A century of psychology at the University of Alberta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, Michael R W

    2013-05-01

    History is typically presented as historiography, where historians communicate via the written word. However, some historians have suggested alternative formats for communicating and thinking about historical information. One such format is known as historiophoty, which involves using a variety of visual images to represent history. The current article proposes that a particular type of graph, known as a Gantt chart, is well suited for conducting historiophoty. When used to represent history, Gantt charts provide a tremendous amount of information. Furthermore, the spatial nature of Gantt charts permits other kinds of spatial operations to be performed on them. This is illustrated with a case study of the history of a particular psychology department. The academic year 2009-2010 marked the centennial of psychology at the University of Alberta. This centennial was marked by compiling a list of its full-time faculty members for each year of its history. This historiography was converted into historiophoty by using it as the source for the creation of a Gantt chart. The current article shows how the history of psychology at the University of Alberta is revealed by examining this Gantt chart in a variety of different ways. This includes computing simple descriptive statistics from the chart, creating smaller versions of the Gantt to explore departmental demographics, and using image processing methods to provide measures of departmental stability throughout its history. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  20. A Case Study of the Introductory Psychology Blended Learning Model at McMaster University

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    Joseph A. Kim

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a brief review of blended learning as a didactic method, and discusses the issues and challenges of using blended learning models in post-secondary education. Blended learning refers to mixed modes of instruction that combine traditional face-to-face classroom teaching methods and online learning materials. The paper will address challenges faced by large classrooms with a diverse student body, and the ways blended learning models can help alleviate those concerns (i.e. technologically savvy students, the need for course scheduling flexibility. In addition, a case study of blended learning in higher education in the context of a unique first year Introductory Psychology program at McMaster University will be discussed. Lastly, the important learning benefits offered by blended learning systems, along with the potential barriers to their implementation will be addressed.Cet article présente un bref compte rendu de l’apprentissage hybride en tant que méthode didactique. Il traite des problèmes et des enjeux relatifs à l’utilisation des modèles d’apprentissage hybride dans le domaine de l’enseignement postsecondaire. L’apprentissage hybride renvoie aux modes d’enseignement mixtes qui combinent les méthodes d’enseignement traditionnel en présentiel et l’accès à des documents d’apprentissage en ligne. L’article traite des difficultés rencontrées dans les grands groupes comprenant une diversité d’étudiants et des façons dont les modèles d’apprentissage hybride peuvent contribuer à atténuer ces préoccupations (c.-à-d. les étudiants calés en technologie, la nécessité d’une offre de cours souple. De plus, l’article traite d’une étude de cas sur l’apprentissage hybride dans l’enseignement supérieur dans le cadre de la première année d’un programme d’introduction à la psychologie à l’Université McMaster. Enfin, l’article aborde les importants avantages offerts par

  1. Investigating the Relationship between Employees' Psychological Empowerment with Their Mental Health in Headquarters Staff of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences

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    Ghader Parshak

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ​Background and Objectives : The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between employees' psychological empowerment with their mental health in headquarters staff of Tabriz University of medical sciences. Study population consisted of all the employees working in headquarters section with a total number of 215 in 2014. Material and Methods : For sampling, stratified sampling method was used. Sample size was estimated 170 participants according to (Krejcie & Morgan table which consisted of 80 female and 90 male. The research method is descriptive –correlation. For data collecting, standard psychological capability questionnaire (PEQ and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ. Results : Data analysis showed that there is a meaningful relationship between three items of psychological capability (competence-reliance-the right of choice and mental health, while there is no meaningful relationship between the sense of being effective and mental health. Also, according to the multiple regression, competence, reliance and the right of choice items have a meaningful effect on mental health and based on standardized coefficient (beta coefficient, the right of choice, competence and reliance have the most effects on the employees’ mental health respectively. Conclusion : Mental health depends on thinking, feeling and behavior of individuals. In general, people who are mentally healthy, have a positive attitude on life and are prepared to face challenges in life, have good feeling about themselves and others and are responsible towards their relationship and in the workplace. In this study, employees' psychological empowerment of headquarters staff of Tabriz University of medical sciences may predict their mental health.

  2. Psychological well-being, personality traits, and aims of life in university students

    OpenAIRE

    Páramo, Maria de los Angeles; Facultad de Psicologia. Universidad del Aconcagua. Mendoza. Argentina.; Straniero, Cristina Mariana; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina. Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina.; García, Claudia Silvina; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina. Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina.; Torrecilla, Norma Mariana; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina. Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina.; Escalante Gómez, Eduardo; Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina.

    2012-01-01

    Objective. This study measures the degree of psychological well-being (PW), its relation with personality traits and the aims of life (AL) of Psychology students. One of the main factors that contributes to the PW is personality. Investigations show that people’s AL are closely connected with the self perception of the PW. This study will be approached from T. Millon’s theory and its general aim is to establish the existing relation between subjective well-being and personality styles in univ...

  3. Rest for work: from psychological fatigue to the universe of stress. Colombia 1937-1991

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenio Castaño González

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the forms of objectification of a series of risks, behaviours and psychological practices destined to optimize output in Colombian workplaces from 1937 to 1991. The article explains how this gradual attention to the emotional aspects of Colombian workers, shown via psychological fatigue and stress, was linked to and broken down by two fundamental aspects: the first, marked by the gradual process of urbanization and industrialization that Colombia experienced in the period in question; and the second, due to the opening out of a major process of the “psychologization” of one’s private life, from the second half of the 20th century.

  4. Content-Based Internet-Assisted ESP Teaching to Ukrainian University Students Majoring in Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarnopolsky, Oleg

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses the issues of teaching ESP to Ukrainian tertiary students majoring in psychology. The suggested approach is based on teaching English through the content matter of special subjects included in the program of training practical psychologists. The example of an ESP textbook for psychologists is used for demonstrating the…

  5. ALOUD: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study: Association between biological and psychological determinants and study success in adult formal distance education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Groot, Renate; Neroni, Joyce; Gijselaers, Jérôme; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2012-01-01

    De Groot, R. H. M., Neroni, J., Gijselaers, J., & Kirschner, P. A. (2012, 6 December). ALOUD: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study: Associations between biological and psychological determinants and study success in adult formal distance education. Presented at the Open University for t

  6. The association between occupational stress and depressive symptoms and the mediating role of psychological capital among Chinese university teachers: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Xue; Yang, Yi-Long; Wang, Yang; Liu, Li; Wang, Shu; Wang, Lie

    2014-11-30

    Depression is a major public health problem that affects both individuals and society. Previous studies report that university teachers are particularly susceptible to high levels of occupational stress and depressive symptoms. The aims of this study were to explore the association between occupational stress and depressive symptoms in a group of university teachers, and assess the mediating role of psychological capital between these variables. A cross-sectional study was performed between November 2013 and January 2014. Teachers from six universities were randomly sampled in Shenyang. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, effort-reward imbalance scale, and psychological capital questionnaire (PCQ-24), as well as questions about demographic and working factors, were administered in questionnaires distributed to 1,500 university teachers. Completed questionnaires were received from 1,210 participants. Hierarchical linear regression analysis was used to examine the mediating role of psychological capital. In the present study, 58.9% (95% CI (Confidence Intervals): 56.1% to 61.7%) of university teachers had a CES-D score equal to or above the cut-off of 16. Both effort-reward ratio (ERR) and scores of over-commitment were positively associated with depressive symptoms, whereas psychological capital was negatively associated with depressive symptoms among university teachers. Psychological capital partially mediated the relationship between occupational stress and depressive symptoms. Among Chinese university teachers, occupational stress may be a risk factor for depressive symptoms, whereas psychological capital might be protective against depressive symptoms. Our results suggest that college administrators could support the development of psychological capital in their staff to alleviate depressive symptoms.

  7. Compulsive buying in university students: its prevalence and relationships with materialism, psychological distress symptoms, and subjective well-being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villardefrancos, Estíbaliz; Otero-López, José Manuel

    2016-02-01

    Compulsive buying has become a severe problem among young people. The prominent role that psychological variables play in this phenomenon support their consideration in establishing a risk profile for compulsive buying that serves as a guide for the development of prevention and treatment programs with guarantees of effectiveness. However, there are only a small number of studies in existence which have explored the compulsive buying prevalence among students, and none of them have been conducted in a Mediterranean country. This study aims to estimate the compulsive buying prevalence in a sample of university students from the region of Galicia (Spain). We also intend to determine if statistically significant differences exist between compulsive buyers and non-compulsive buyers in relation with gender, materialistic values, psychological distress symptoms and subjective well-being. Lastly, the clarification of which of the determinants examined represent risk or protection factors for compulsive buying constitutes another important objective of this paper. A total sample of 1448 university students participated in this study. They answered a battery of self-reports assessing gender, compulsive buying propensity, materialism, distress symptomatology, and well-being. Participants were initially classified as either compulsive buyers or non-compulsive buyers. Both groups were compared for the aforementioned variables through chi-square testing or variance analyses. Then, a multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine which of these determinants make up a risk profile for compulsive buying. The estimated prevalence of compulsive buying in the sample of university students considered was 7.4%. Statistically significant differences between compulsive buyers and non-compulsive buyers were detected for gender, and each and every one of the psychological variables explored. Specifically, it was confirmed that compulsive buyers obtained significantly

  8. Social and psychological factors affecting eating habits among university students in a Malaysian medical school: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganasegeran Kurubaran

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Eating habits have been a major concern among university students as a determinant of health status. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of eating habits and its associated social and psychological factors among medical students. Methods A cross sectional study was conducted among 132 medical students of pre-clinical phase at a Malaysian university. A self-administered questionnaire was used which included questions on socio-demography, anthropometry, eating habits and psychosocial factors. Results Mean (±SD age of the respondents was 22.7 (±2.4 years and (the age ranged from 18 to 30 years. More than half had regular meals and breakfast (57.6% &, 56.1% respectively. Majority (73.5% consumed fruits less than three times per week, 51.5% had fried food twice or more a week and 59.8% drank water less than 2 liters daily. Eating habits score was significantly low among younger students (18–22 years, smokers, alcohol drinkers and those who did not exercise. (ppp Conclusion Most of the students in this study had healthy eating habits. Social and psychological factors were important determinants of eating habits among medical students.

  9. Reach on Informatioanlized Psychological Counseling in Universities%高校信息化心理咨询的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周亚萍

    2011-01-01

    The lack of face to face counseling professional counselors and mental patients do not want to disclose their privacy which can't meet the requirements of face to face counseling. There are shortcomings of the traditional way of network counseling. On this basis of the status of psychological counseling on the universities, the investigation and analysis of China's current psycho-educational research of university status this paper proposes the improvement of measures of psychological education and provides a certain theoretical value for psychological counseling for the information technology.%面对面进行心理咨询的专业咨询人员的缺乏以及心理患者不愿当面透露自己隐私的基本情况,使得面对面的心理咨询的需求难以满足。传统的网络心理咨询方式存在其自身的缺陷。本文对我国高校信息化心理咨询的现状进行研究,调查分析目前我国高校信息化心理教育研究现状,并且在此基础上对信息化心理教育提出了改进对策,为信息化心理咨询提供了一定的理论价值和参考价值。

  10. The development of Industrial Psychology at South African Universities: A historical overview and future perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Dries M. G. Schreuder

    2001-01-01

    Over the past 100 years, Industrial Psychology has developed into a viable discipline that has meaningfully contributed to society's knowledge of work behaviour. This has improved the effectiveness of organisations and has increased the job performance of individuals and groups. The world is in a transitional phase, with organisations finding themselves on the edge of chaos. Industrial psychologists must be ready to help organisations to survive in these uncertain times. It will probably be e...

  11. Analysis of sociodemographic, sport and psychological profile in a rock-climbing experience on university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Morilla Portela

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The relationships among several psychological factors in rock climbing was proved a long time ago, nevertheless, most researches are limited to very artificial situations, far away from nature. There are few studies which have carried out this kind of investigation in the natural environment and have combined data collection with real rock climbing practice. The instruments used for this data collection were two questionnaires: CSAI-2 and another one specifically designed to gather the necessary information about sociodemographic characteristic and sport habits. In our work we have studied various individuals’ features (sociodemographic, general sport and outdoor profiles and we have confirmed how they are interrelated and their influence on several psychological factors (cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence. Through this article we show that there are higher percentages of women than men participants who climb IV-V grade, whereas in higher grades the percentages equalize. Regarding psychological factors, we can notice how on the one hand those participants who climb higher grades and are more interested in rock climbing, feel lower cognitive anxiety and somatic anxiety, while on the other hand they feel higher self-confidence levels

  12. The effect of psychological capital between work-family conflict and job burnout in Chinese university teachers: Testing for mediation and moderation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pu, Jun; Hou, Hanpo; Ma, Ruiyang; Sang, Jinyan

    2016-03-29

    In this study, we investigated the relationship between work-family conflict and job burnout as well as the potential mediation/moderation effects of psychological capital. Participants were 357 university teachers who completed a questionnaire packet containing a work-family conflict scale, psychological capital questionnaire, and Maslach Burnout Inventory-General survey. According to the results, work-family conflict and psychological capital were both significantly correlated with job burnout. In addition, psychological capital cannot mediate-but can moderate-the relationship between work-family conflict and job burnout. Taken together, our findings shed light on the psychological capital underlying the association of work-family conflict and job burnout.

  13. Are Student Veterans a Traditional, Nontraditional, or Special Population? A Study of Veterans on the Auburn University Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pattillo, Stephen Prescott

    2011-01-01

    This non-experimental study used, with the Educational Testing Service's permission, an updated 1946 Student Opinion Questionnaire (originally designed to compare WWII veterans and nonveterans) to collect data regarding student backgrounds, attitudes and motives, worries and concerns, use of time, and perceptions of respect concerning nonveterans,…

  14. Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rapport, Zachary

    2011-01-01

    The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

  15. Roles of University Support for International Students in the United States: Analysis of a Systematic Model of University Identification, University Support, and Psychological Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Jaehee; Yu, Hongsik

    2015-01-01

    Unlike previous research on international students' social support, this current study applied the concept of organizational support to university contexts, examining the effects of university support. Mainly based on the social identity/self-categorization stress model, this study developed and tested a path model composed of four key…

  16. Roles of University Support for International Students in the United States: Analysis of a Systematic Model of University Identification, University Support, and Psychological Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Jaehee; Yu, Hongsik

    2015-01-01

    Unlike previous research on international students' social support, this current study applied the concept of organizational support to university contexts, examining the effects of university support. Mainly based on the social identity/self-categorization stress model, this study developed and tested a path model composed of four key…

  17. Direct and indirect effects of sociocultural influences on disordered eating among Malaysian male and female university students. A mediation analysis of psychological distress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Wan Ying; Mohd Nasir, Mohd Taib; Zalilah, Mohd Shariff; Hazizi, Abu Saad

    2011-06-01

    This study aimed to examine the role of psychological distress in the relationships between sociocultural influences (social pressure to be thin and weight teasing) and disordered eating. Data were collected from 584 university students (59.4% females and 40.6% males), aged 18-24 years old (M=20.6, SD=1.4), selected from four universities in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. Participants completed four standardized questionnaires which measured social pressure to be thin, weight-related teasing, psychological distress and disordered eating. A good fit structural equation modeling (SEM) model was developed for both sexes. For males, the SEM model revealed that sociocultural influences showed an indirect effect on disordered eating through psychological distress. For females, the model showed an indirect effect of sociocultural influences on disordered eating through psychological distress, as well as a direct effect of sociocultural influences on disordered eating. In conclusion, psychological distress mediated the relationships between sociocultural influences and disordered eating in both males and females. Our results suggest that disordered eating intervention programs on reducing psychological distress in university students may be beneficial.

  18. Factors Influencing Facebook Usage and Facebook Addictive Tendency in University Students: The Role of Online Psychological Privacy and Facebook Usage Motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Fu-Yuan; Chiu, Su-Lin

    2016-04-01

    There are few studies analysing the influence of personal traits and motivation factors on Facebook usage and Facebook addictive tendency as seen in university students. In this study, 225 Taiwanese university students completed a questionnaire to determine their online psychological privacy scale, Facebook usage motivation scale, Facebook usage scale and Facebook addictive tendency scale, in order to evaluate the items that can be conceptualized as the effect of university students' online psychological privacy personal trait and motive factors, and Facebook usage motivation with respect to Facebook usage and Facebook addictive tendency. The study found that a desire for more online psychological privacy correlates with a stronger motivation to use Facebook and more Facebook usage behaviour among university students who may become high-risk groups for Facebook addictive tendency. The study found that a desire for or an acceptance of a lower online psychological privacy correlates with a stronger motivation to use Facebook among university students who may have more Facebook usage behaviour. This study can help understand university students' Facebook usage and Facebook addictive tendency and provide feature indicators for those who may become high-risk groups for Facebook addictive tendency. Finally, this study conducts discussion and proposes relevant suggestions for future study.

  19. Psychology is social: exploring universals in performance capacity and performance style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fathali M. Moghaddam

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Our goal in this discussion is to map out a scientifically legitimate and practical path toward internationalizing the social psychology curriculum. Toward developing an appropriate conceptual framework, we distinguish between the study of two different types of performance: performance capacity, how well isolated individuals can perform tasks as determined bytheir physical characteristics, and performance style, the way things are done through collaborative meaning making. Whereas performance capacity can be explained causally, performance style is best explained through normative accounts. Social psychology has largely approachedquestions of performance style by applying a reductionist and causal framework. We highlight the alternative approach reflected in the cultural-narrative turn and identifysub-research areas that need to be strengthened in order to internationalize psychology. -- La psicología es social: explorando universales en la capacidad y el estilo del desempeño Nuestro objetivo es proponer un camino científicamente legítimo y práctico hacia la internacionalizacióndel currículo de la psicología social. Al desarrollar una estructura conceptual apropiada, distinguimos entre el estudio de dos tipos de desempeño: la capacidad de desempeño,es decir, cuán bien los individuos aislados pueden llevar a cabo tareas determinadas por sus características físicas, y el estilo de desempeño, es decir, el modo en que las cosas serealizan a partir de tener un significado colaborativo. Mientras que la capacidad de desempeño puede ser explicada causalmente, el estilo de desempeño es mejor explicado a través de justificaciones narrativas. La psicología social se ha aproximado principalmente a las cuestiones del estilo de desempeño aplicando una estructura reduccionista y causal. Destacamos el enfoque alternativo reflejado en el turno cultural-narrativo e identificamos subáreas de investigación que necesitan ser reforzadas para

  20. [A study on the psychological state of nurse-students of a university in affected areas of Wenchuan earthquake].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hong; Feng, Ling; Shen, Wen-Wu; Guo, Hong-Xia

    2009-10-01

    The 8.0-magnitude earthquake that struck Wenchuan County in Sichuan was the most destructive earthquake to hit China since the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949. It caused great environmental harm and property damage, and brought considerable psychological stress and emotional problems to many in the population. This study was designed to investigate the psychological state of nursing students studying at a university located within the Wenchuan earthquake zone. Nurses were recruited using a striated cluster sampling approach. The study was conducted using a self-designed questionnaire, Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) and Coping Style Questionnaire. Most (68.8%) participants lacked sufficient knowledge regarding the earthquake, and the social support condition of college nursing students was lower than the population average (p students in different class years in terms of study variables was identified. Nursing students in areas affected by the Wenchuan earthquake suffer from anxiety and depression disorders. Adequate social support represents an important intervention needed to maintain and enhance their mental health.

  1. The Relationship Between Psychological Distress, Negative Cognitions, and Expectancies on Problem Drinking: Exploring a Growing Problem Among University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obasi, Ezemenari M; Brooks, Jessica J; Cavanagh, Lucia

    2016-01-01

    Few studies have sought to understand the concurrent relationship between cognitive and affective processes on alcohol use and negative alcohol-related consequences, despite both being identified as predictive risk factors in the college population. More research is needed to understand the relationships between identified factors of problem drinking among this at-risk population. The purpose of this study was to test if the relationship between psychological distress and problem drinking among university students (N = 284; M-age = 19.77) was mediated by negative affect regulation strategies and positive alcohol-related expectancies. Two latent mediation models of problem drinking were tested using structural equation modeling (SEM). The parsimonious three-path mediated latent model was supported by the data, as evidenced by several model fit indices. Furthermore, the alternate saturated model provided similar fit to the data, but contained several direct relationships that were not statistically significant. The relationship between psychological distress and problem drinking was mediated by an extended contributory chain, including negative affect regulation and positive alcohol-related expectancies. Implications for prevention and treatment, as well as future directions, are discussed.

  2. University students' perspectives on a psychology of death and dying course: exploring motivation to enroll, goals, and impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckle, Jennifer L

    2013-10-01

    This study provides an in-depth investigation of the motivations, goals, and impact on 23 university students enrolled in a Psychology of Death and Dying course. Through a grounded theory analysis of precourse perspective and postcourse reflection assignments, several key themes emerged. Participants were motivated to enroll in the course by their self-identified lack of knowledge on the topic and its professional and personal relevance. They identified three main course goals: cognitive comfort, preparation to support others, and personal growth. At the end of the course, participants noted heightened awareness of personal mortality and increased comfort with death-related topics, as well as reduced fear, surprise at the depth of the thanatology field, and enriched context for their experiences with death and dying. The implications of the results for death educators, researchers, and students are discussed.

  3. Predicting Personality Resiliency by Psychological Well-Being and Its Components in Girl Students of Islamic Azad University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kajbafnezhad, Hadi; Khaneh Keshi, Ali

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to predict psychological resilience by psychological well-being and its components. The research sample consisted of 216 girl students who were selected through multistage random sampling. The data were collected by implementing psychological resilience and psychological well-being questionnaire and analyzed by using…

  4. Perceptions of Tutoring Roles and Psychological Distance among Instructors, Tutors and Students at a Korean University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hye-Jung; Hong, Youngil; Choi, Hyoseon

    2017-01-01

    This study explores issues related to the tutor's role when initiating tutoring as an institutional strategy at a conventional university. Based on a pilot tutoring program implemented in four college courses, we investigated the perceptions of instructors, tutors and students regarding the role of tutoring and whether it affected the…

  5. Perceptions of Tutoring Roles and Psychological Distance among Instructors, Tutors and Students at a Korean University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hye-Jung; Hong, Youngil; Choi, Hyoseon

    2017-01-01

    This study explores issues related to the tutor's role when initiating tutoring as an institutional strategy at a conventional university. Based on a pilot tutoring program implemented in four college courses, we investigated the perceptions of instructors, tutors and students regarding the role of tutoring and whether it affected the…

  6. Physical and Psychological Well-Being and University Student Satisfaction with E-Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Genevieve Marie

    2015-01-01

    Although research establishes that student characteristics exert considerable influence on learning outcomes, research concerned with e-learning satisfaction most typically focuses of factors associated with instructional design, curriculum and pedagogy. Fifty-eight first-year university e-students completed an online survey that queried their…

  7. Psychological Type and Undergraduate Student Achievement in Pharmacy Course in Military Medical University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Ru; Shan, Shou-qin; Tian, Jian-quan

    2007-01-01

    The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was given to 264 students in an undergraduate Pharmacy course at a military medical university. Selected MBTI personality types were compared for achievement in the course using a t-test to compare total points earned. High grades were earned by students stronger in the traits of introversion (I) and judgment…

  8. A Common Factors Approach to Supporting University Students Experiencing Psychological Distress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surette, Tanya E.; Shier, Micheal L.

    2017-01-01

    This study empirically assessed the applicability of the common factors model to students accessing university-based counseling (n = 102). Participants rated symptoms of depression, anxiety, and somatization at intake and discharge. Therapists kept detailed session notes on client factors and therapy process variables. Data were analyzed utilizing…

  9. PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PERCEPTION AND INDERSTANDING OF TEACHERS BY UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Daniil K. Romanov; Liliya M. Dauksha

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: the paper is concerned with the problem of increasing the quality of training processes at the university. One of the ways is to increase the efficiency of educational dialogue in the system “teacher – student”. The paper presents a theoretical analysis of the problem of communication and interpersonal under standing. The authors highlight the basic functions of the other person’s image and his/her connection with the content of the joint activity. Materials and Methods: the...

  10. 高校心理实验教学之改革%Reform of Psychological Experiment Teaching in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张菊红

    2015-01-01

    Based on the reflectiion of the current psychological experiment teaching in universities,combining the reform of psychologi-cal experiment teaching in our university,we promote the teaching philosophy of “student -centered”really penetrate into the reform i-deas.We put forward specific reform measures in six aspects such as selecting classical psychological experiments,theory connecting with practice,adopting a lot of teaching measures,carrying out the projects,and establishing omnibearing evaluation system in order to provide some reference for psychological experiments teaching reform in colleges and universities.%在对当前高校心理实验教学现状反思的基础上,结合江苏师范大学心理实验教学的改革实践,将“以学生为主体”的教学理念真正渗透到改革中来的思路,提出了精选经典心理实验、理论密切联系实际、采用多种教学手段、开展课题研究、建立全方位的多元评价体系等六个方面的具体的改革措施,以期为高校的心理实验教学改革提供些许借鉴。

  11. The Role of the Islamic Education in Dealing with Psychological Effects of Social Media Networks among Students at Mu'tah University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Marayeah, Abdullah Sulaiman; Albtoosh, Zeyad Abdalateef; Al-Nawasrah, Maha Ayed

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to identify the role of the Islamic Education in dealing with the psychological effects of social media networks among students at Mu'tah University in Jordan. In order to obtain the required data, a questionnaire consists of 31 questions was used in this study. The questionnaire can be divided into three sections. The sample of…

  12. Use of Student Support Services among University Students: Associations with Problem-Focused Coping, Experience of Personal Difficulty and Psychological Distress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julal, F. S.

    2013-01-01

    Universities provide a range of problem-focused social support services to help students who are experiencing personal difficulties. The current study examines how the effectiveness of students' ("N" = 131) problem-coping style, experience of personal difficulty and psychological distress are associated with actual use of support…

  13. The Academic, Administrative, Economic, Social, and Psychological Problems Faced by Students of Textile and Clothing Major at King Abdul-Aziz University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsubyani, Noor Abdulhadi

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the academic, administrative, economic, social, and psychological problems faced by students of Textile and fabric major at King Abdul-Aziz University. To achieve this purpose, a questionnaire was designed and distributed to a sample of students in the Textile and fabric major, after the use of…

  14. The ALOUD Study: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study - Influence of biological and psychological determinants on study success in formal lifelong learning in adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gijselaers, Jérôme; Neroni, Joyce; De Groot, Renate; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2011-01-01

    Gijselaers, H. J. M., Neroni, J., De Groot, R. H. M., & Kirschner, P. A. (2011, September). The ALOUD Study: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study - Influence of biological and psychological determinants on study success in formal lifelong learning in adults. Presentation given for visit

  15. The ALOUD Study: Adult Open University Determinants Study - Influence of psychological determinants on academic achievement in formal lifelong learning in adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neroni, Joyce; De Groot, Renate; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2011-01-01

    Neroni, J., De Groot, R. H. M., & Kirschner, P. A. (2011, October). The ALOUD Study: Adult Learning Open University Determinants Study - Influence of psychological determinants on academic achievement in formal lifelong learning in adults. Presentation at the second meeting of the ICO Introduction C

  16. 国立中央大学心理学学科发展史略%History of the Discipline of Psychology at National Central University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔光辉; 郭本禹

    2015-01-01

    The discipline of psychology at National Central University had a longer history than any other psychological discipline in China before 1949. It began in 1904 and lasted nearly half of a century. Its development can be divided into three stages,namely,the starting period of the department of psychology at Nanjing Normal College—Southeast University(1920—1926),the rapid development period of the department of psychology at National Central University(1927—1936),and the radical period of the department of psychology at National Central University(1937—1949). Its course of development can be described as an incremental process of “common course-educational psychology-applied psychology” with application and pragmatism highlighted.%国立中央大学心理学学科是民国时期历史最悠久的心理学学科。从1904年三(两)江师范学堂心理学课程的实施,到1949年新中国建立,历经近半个世纪的发展。它的变迁可分为三个阶段:南京高等师范学校—东南大学心理系时期(1920—1926)的起步阶段,中央大学心理学学科抗战前时期(1927—1936)的发展阶段,中央大学心理学科抗战与解放战争时期(1937—1949)的激化阶段。它表现出“公共课程—教育心理—应用心理”的变化轨迹,具有鲜明的应用特色。

  17. When Psychology Went Online: Review of "Psychological Aspects of Cyberspace: Theory, Research Applications", Edited by Azy Barak (Cambridge University Press, 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Buchanan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Azy Barak is well known for his prolific contributions to several areas of the literature dealing with psychological investigation of the Internet and related technologies, and also the exploitation of the Internet as a space in which the profession of psychology may be conducted. These efforts fall within the domain of what some call "cyberpsychology" - essentially, the application of psychology to the Internet - and that is the focus of this book. In this 300-page volume he has assembled an excellent collection of contributors, all familiar names who have done much to advance their respective fields of expertise. Many of the real pioneers in the area are represented here, bringing to the project a considerable depth and breadth of knowledge and experience. They are drawn from a variety of nations, institutions, and areas of psychology, and thus bring a variety of perspectives to the work.

  18. Predictors of international students’ psychological and sociocultural adjustment to the context of reception while studying at Aarhus University, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ozer, Simon

    2015-01-01

    psychological conditions as compared to the control group of domestic students. However, the international students reported a significantly lower level of social support. Social support and perceived discrimination were significant predictors of both psychological and sociocultural adjustment. Additionally...

  19. Psychological Center as a Foundation for the Practical Training of Clinical psychologists at the Saint-Petersburg State University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina A Burina

    2016-05-01

    In overall, the Psychological Center with its long-term experience of preparation and practical skills training for the students of the Clinical Psychology specialty, has proven its necessity, relevance, and effectiveness.

  20. STUDY ON THE MOTIVES FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSULTATION IN A UNIVERSITY POPULATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIA QUESADA

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is elaborated within the context of the following Investigation Project called: «Construction of apsychopathic profile of the population that consult for a Psicology service at the Health and Social ServiceDepartment of the Buenos Aires University».On it, it is described its advanced state, revealing: 1 the consulting population regarding its distribution: faculty ofbelonging, age and gender. 2 the most frequent consulting reasons, and finally, 3 the changes on these reasons ; itwill be taken into account the consults between 1998-2001.The information to be evaluated are the interviews of admission. The methodology is the quali-quantitive analysisof the data obtained through this material. The results will not be considered definitive as the project is under aprocess, that it is dued to end on December 2003.

  1. Comparison the Psychological Wellbeing of University Students from Hungary and Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barth Anita

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The results obtained in our research of mental distress indicators and results of conflict management strategies are consistent with the results of international studies. Students participating in the study (N=237 reached the highest average results in the field of personal growth, while we measured the lowest value in the fields of autonomy and the dominance of the enviroment. Among the mental distress indicators the students gave the highest scores for the stress. The frequency examination showed the results of the participants to fall to 40.9% of moderate-severe and severe extreme range. While among the genders, women indicate much higher stress levels. In addition, the students preferred the avoiding conflict management strategy in preference to the other four strategies. While we compared the students from the two countries we found a significant difference between the survey field of autonomy and purpose in life. We also found a notable difference among the mental distress indicators. While the students of the University of Debrecen were moderate, the students of the universities of Oradea fell in the “slight” area (in the range of stress. For the usage of conflict management strategies we found no significant differences between the two countries' students. The students from both countries preferred the avoiding strategy. This study similiar to many national and international studies indicates the high level of stress among the students. One of the most important task of a higher education institution should be the protection of the students’ mental health which would lead to an improvement on well-being and that would cause the lowering of the stress level.

  2. Psychology in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

    2011-01-01

    The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

  3. On University Students' Psychological Barriers in Inter-personal Communications and the Adjustment%大学生人际交往心理障碍及其调适

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘倩

    2014-01-01

    人际交往问题不仅关系到大学生的学习生涯,更是大学生能否适应社会生活的重要因素。影响大学生人际交往的心理因素主要有院认知偏差、不良情绪、人格差异障碍等,而家庭教育、学校环境以及社会变革的大背景等促成了这些心理因素的产生。因此,从端正认知、驾驭情绪、完善人格、提升沟通技巧方面对人际交往心理障碍进行调适有着较好的针对性和有效性。%Interpersonal problems not only relate to university students' learning career, but also affect university students' adaptation to social life. The psychological factors affecting uni-versity students' interpersonal communications mainly include cognitive bias, bad mood, personality difference disorders, etc., while such backgrounds as family education, school environment and social change, contribute to the formation of these psycholog-ical factors. Therefore, it is targeted and effective to adjust psy-chological barriers in interpersonal communications from the im-provement of communication skills by correcting cognition, con-trolling emotion, and perfecting personality.

  4. Exploration on the Mode of Psychological Health Educa-tion in Colleges and Universities%高校心理健康教育模式探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓蕾

    2015-01-01

    With the progress of the era and the intensification of social competition, people's psychological problems become more prominent, including those of college students. Psychological health education is becoming an important part of higher educa-tion, which is directly related to students' growth and success. Starting from the main aspects of psychological health education system construction, this paper constructs a pluralistic and effec-tive mode of psychological health education for college students, in order to promote the rapid development of psychological health education in colleges and universities, and improve the psycho-logical health of college students.%随着时代的进步,社会竞争的加剧,人们心理问题变得越发突出,大学生这一群体也不例外。大学生心理健康教育正逐渐成为高校教育的重要一块,它直接关系到学生的成长成才。本文从大学生心理健康教育体系构建的主要方面出发,构建多位一体的有效大学生心理健康教育模式,促进高校心理健康教育工作快速发展,为大学生的健康心理保驾护航。

  5. Psychological correlates of university students' academic performance: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Michelle; Abraham, Charles; Bond, Rod

    2012-03-01

    A review of 13 years of research into antecedents of university students' grade point average (GPA) scores generated the following: a comprehensive, conceptual map of known correlates of tertiary GPA; assessment of the magnitude of average, weighted correlations with GPA; and tests of multivariate models of GPA correlates within and across research domains. A systematic search of PsycINFO and Web of Knowledge databases between 1997 and 2010 identified 7,167 English-language articles yielding 241 data sets, which reported on 50 conceptually distinct correlates of GPA, including 3 demographic factors and 5 traditional measures of cognitive capacity or prior academic performance. In addition, 42 non-intellective constructs were identified from 5 conceptually overlapping but distinct research domains: (a) personality traits, (b) motivational factors, (c) self-regulatory learning strategies, (d) students' approaches to learning, and (e) psychosocial contextual influences. We retrieved 1,105 independent correlations and analyzed data using hypothesis-driven, random-effects meta-analyses. Significant average, weighted correlations were found for 41 of 50 measures. Univariate analyses revealed that demographic and psychosocial contextual factors generated, at best, small correlations with GPA. Medium-sized correlations were observed for high school GPA, SAT, ACT, and A level scores. Three non-intellective constructs also showed medium-sized correlations with GPA: academic self-efficacy, grade goal, and effort regulation. A large correlation was observed for performance self-efficacy, which was the strongest correlate (of 50 measures) followed by high school GPA, ACT, and grade goal. Implications for future research, student assessment, and intervention design are discussed.

  6. Exploration on the Role of University Counselors in the Psychological Crisis Intervention of University Students%高校辅导员在大学生心理危机干预中的作用探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐乐

    2015-01-01

    The psychological crisis of the current university stu-dents has become a focus of the society. To implement psycho-logical crisis intervention is not only the need of university stu-dents' growth and development, but also the need of maintaining university stability. As forefront workers for student management, university counselors have unique advantages in timely learning about problems and psychological crisis intervention, but there are still some shortcomings. In psychological crisis intervention, counselors should master corresponding strategies and give full play to their own advantages, so as to improve the psychological health level of university students.%当前大学生心理危机问题已经成为社会公众的关注焦点,对其进行心理危机干预既是大学生成长发展的需要,也是维护高校稳定的需要。作为学生管理的一线工作者,高校辅导员在了解问题的及时性和心理危机后干预等方面具有独特优势,但同时也存在一些不足。辅导员在进行心理危机干预时应掌握相应策略,充分发挥自身优势提升大学生心理健康水平。

  7. Psychological distress and tension-type headache among health professional senior students in a historically black university in south africa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.L. Amosun

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available Studies in well-defined populations contribute to the body ofevidence that the psychosocial aspects of people’s environment can have a substantial effect on their physical health. Senior students in health professional education programs were interviewed using structured instruments to assess the prevalence of psychological distress and tension-type headaches in a young adult university population.  Almost 70%of the study sample was either at risk of becoming distressed, or already distressed with somatic or depressive symptoms. About two-thirds of thestudents reported symptoms of either tension-type headache or other typesof headache, while over 30% of all the students complained of tension-type headache. Almost 20% of the students whoreported symptoms of tension-type headache were also distressed, while another 47% were at risk of being distressed.The possible impact on the academic performance of the students and their future role as health care professionalsis discussed.

  8. Association between symptoms of temporomandibular disorders and gender, morphological occlusion, and psychological factors in a group of university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonjardim Leonardo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The purpose of this study was to find out the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD in a sample of university students and its relationship to gender, occlusion, and psychological factors. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 196 subjects, aged 18-25 years. The TMD degree was evaluated using an anamnestic questionnaire. Morphologic occlusion was evaluated according to Angle classification (classes I, II, and III. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS, a 14-item self-administered rating scale developed specifically to identify anxiety and depression in nonpsychiatric medical outpatients, was used to assess the levels of anxiety (HADSa and depression (HADSd. Statistical Analysis: The incidence of TMD level, malocclusion, anxiety, and depression in both genders was calculated as percentages. Association between TMD degree and occlusion, HADSa, and HADSd was tested using the Chi-square test. Results: According to our results, 50% of the subjects had TMD, but it was of moderate or severe degree in only 9.18% of them. No statistically significant association could be found between TMD and gender or occlusion. TMD was found to have statistically significant association with HADSa but not with HADSd. Conclusion : A high prevalence of TMD was found in this student population; however, most of the cases could be classified as mild. Of the variables studied, only HADSa had a statistically significant association with TMD.

  9. Do law students stand apart from other university students in their quest for mental health: A comparative study on wellbeing and associated behaviours in law and psychology students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skead, Natalie K; Rogers, Shane L

    2015-01-01

    We are not producing a product, but a well-balanced person.(1) It is well-documented that law students experience higher levels of psychological distress than members of the general population and university students in other professional disciplines. In 2014, we published our findings on an empirical study identifying the correlations between law student wellbeing and student behaviour both at and away from law school. The results of the study informed the development of an evidence-based 'behavioural toolkit' to assist law students and law schools in making informed choices and decisions that promote and even improve the mental health of students. The study we undertook was not, however, limited to law students. It extended to collecting quantitative data on psychological distress and associated behaviours in psychology students. This article reports on the comparative findings of the study and provides a comparative basis for understanding the contextual influences on the wellbeing of law students.

  10. Psychological Analysis and Countermeasures on Employment of University Students%大学生就业心理分析与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐祯

    2011-01-01

    In the face of intense employment competition,what university graduates should do good psychological preparation for employment,how to help them to go out of the mental errors of employment,overcome psychological problems existing in the employment process,and eliminate the psychological shadow of the unemployed are very important.This paper analyzes the above issues.%面对激烈的就业竞争,大学毕业生该如何做好就业心理准备、走出就业心理误区、克服就业过程中存在的心理问题、消除未就业的心理阴影,对此进行了分析。

  11. On How University Counselors Improve the Effectiveness of Psychological Counseling for University Students%高校辅导员如何提升大学生心理辅导效能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    班小红; 袁海宇; 孙英琨

    2015-01-01

    To improve counselors' counseling skills is an impor-tant way to ensure the effectiveness of psychological counseling for university students. Starting from the role of counselors in u-niversity students' psychological counseling, this paper focuses on the realistic predicament of counselors in university students' psychological counseling, and explores the solutions to the predicament from the perspective of psychological counseling skills, including enhancing learning and training, maintaining self-awareness and seeking supporting systems.%提升辅导员的辅导技能是保障大学生心理辅导效能的重要途径。本文从辅导员在大学生心理辅导中的作用入手,着重阐述了辅导员在大学生心理辅导中的现实困境,并从心理辅导技能视角探索了问题的解决之道:加强学习和培训、保持自我觉察、寻求支持系统。

  12. Influence Factors of Psychological Empowerment among the Teachers in Universities and Colleges%高校教师心理授权影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱丽蕊; 王烈; 秦鹏; 王雁菊; 岳丹琪

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查高校教师心理授权的基本状况,分析组织支持感、组织认同、主管承诺等变量对心理授权的影响。方法利用心理授权量表、组织支持感量表、组织认同问卷、主管承诺问卷对6所高校的1500名教师进行调查。结果高校教师心理授权平均分为(60.09±14.21)分。心理授权与组织支持感、组织认同、主管承诺呈正相关(r分别为0.671、0.764、0.708,P均<0.05)。组织支持感、组织认同、主管承诺对心理授权的解释变异度为86.5%。结论高校教师心理授权水平较高,组织支持感、组织认同、主管承诺对心理授权具有预测作用。%Objective to analyze the basic situation of university and college teachers′psychological empowerment,and investigate the effect of perceived organizational support,organizational identification,supervisory commitment on psychological empowerment. Methods the instruments which were used include perceived organizational support questionnaire(POS),organizational identification questionnaire(OIQ),supervisory com-mitment scale(SCS)and psychological empowerment scale(PES). A total number of 1 500 teachers were recruited conveniently from 6 university and colleges. Results the average score of psychological empowerment was 60.09±14.21. Positive correlation was found among perceived organiza-tional support,organizational identification,supervisory commitment and psychological empowerment(P < 0.05). Perceived organizational support, organizational identification and supervisory commitment explained 86.5% of variance of psychological empowerment. Conclusion Overall level of university and college teachers′psychological empowerment is in moderate or above degree. Perceived organizational support,organizational identifi-cation,and supervisory commitment can predict a deep level of psychological empowerment.

  13. Development Capacity of University based on Organization Psychological Capital Theory%基于组织心理资本的高校发展能力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈威燕; 李强; 王智宁

    2015-01-01

    According to the long-term direction of the development of college, organization psychological capital plays a crucial role in promoting the development ability and realizing the goals in university. At present, the problem of university meet is the development ability being limited to the traditional resources. Based on the theory of psychological capital, the paper expands the concept of psychological capital from individual level to organizational level to build the model of the development ability in college. Firstly , the connotation of psychological capital which in organization level is defined. Secondly, combined with the organization attributes and the bear-function of university, we point out that the development ability of university have four respects, including talent-training ability, scientific-output ability, management ability and social influence ability. Thirdly, the four dimensions system of development ability in university is set up. Finally, because organization psychological capital is benefit to university development, we believe that organization psychological capital is the new perspective of college management, the internal motivation to drive human resource effectiveness and the strategic resources to realize the goals of university, followed which we explore the influence of organization psychological capital to four dimensions system. As a result, we provide a new prospective to promote the development ability of university, at the same time obtain appropriate breakthrough in the application of psychological capital theory.%高校的发展目标具有长期导向,组织心理资本是高校提升发展能力和实现发展目标的关键。针对高校目前发展能力普遍受限于传统资源的问题,基于心理资本理论,将心理资本概念从个体层面拓展到组织层面,构建基于组织心理资本的高校发展能力模型。首先,界定组织层面心理资本的内涵;其次,结合高校的组织

  14. Using a cognitive architecture for addressing the question of cognitive universals in cross-cultural psychology: The example of awalé

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    A central theme in cross-cultural psychology is the extent to which cognitive mechanisms are universal, or, alternatively, are specific to a given culture. We propose a new way to tackle this question: to use the same cognitive architecture, implemented as a computer program, for simulating phenomena in which individuals from different cultures perform a task familiar to their own culture. The CHREST architecture (Gobet et al., 2001; Gobet & Simon, 2000) has simulated a number of empirical ph...

  15. The Influences of Leadership Style and School Climate to Faculty Psychological Contracts: A Case of S University in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Hui-Chin; Fu, Chi-Jung

    2006-01-01

    This study was to investigate the impacts of leadership style and school climate on faculty psychological contracts. Demographic variables were also tested. The findings indicated that overall perceptions of the faculties toward leadership style, school climate, and psychological contract were favorable. Moreover, leadership style and school…

  16. Psychology Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderssen, Arthur

    2003-01-01

    Describes the design of the University of Texas Austin's Seay Psychology and Child Development & Family Relationships building. With modern technique and materials, the Seay building adds to the established architectural language of the campus, offering a richly tactile structure and adjoining outdoor space embracing the tenets of successful…

  17. The Effectiveness of Group Training of CBT-Based Stress Management on Anxiety, Psychological Hardiness and General Self-Efficacy Among University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molla Jafar, Hamdam; Salabifard, Seddigheh; Mousavi, Seyedeh Maryam; Sobhani, Zahra

    2015-09-28

    Admission to university is a very sensitive period of life for efficient, active, and young workforces in any country, and it is mostly associated with many changes in social and human relationships. These changes lead to anxiety in students. Moreover, humans need certain functions in order to adaptively deal with different life situations and challenges. By training stress management, these functions can help human acquire the required abilities. The present study was aimed at investigating the effectiveness of stress management training in anxiety, psychological hardiness, and general self-efficacy among university students. The study was a quasi-experimental intervention (pretest-posttest-follow-up) including a control group, it was a fundamental applied study. The statistical population consisted of all students of Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran. Convenient sampling was employed to select 30 students who were divided into an experimental group (n=15) and a control group (n=15). Before stress management training, both groups filled out Beck Anxiety Inventory, Long and Goulet scale of psychological hardiness, and General Self-efficacy Scale (GSE-10). Afterwards, the experimental group was provided with stress management training. And after the experiment, the abovementioned questionnaires and scales were responded by the two groups. Finally the collected data were analyzed and compared using one-way MANOVA. The results of MANOVA indicated that there was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of anxiety, hardiness, and general self-efficacy (pstress management among university students cause anxiety to drop; moreover, it enhances their psychological hardiness and self-efficacy. In regard with the role and importance of stress management, training this skill should be included in educational plans of university.

  18. Factors influencing knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate Medical, Nursing and Psychology students of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igwe, Monday N; Bakare, Muideen O; Agomoh, Ahamefule O; Onyeama, Gabriel M; Okonkwo, Kevin O

    2010-06-13

    Knowledge and awareness about childhood autism is low among health care workers and the general populace in Nigeria. Poor knowledge about childhood autism among final year medical, nursing and psychology students who would form tomorrow's child health care professionals can compromise early recognition and interventions that are known to improve prognosis in childhood autism. Educational factors that could be influencing knowledge about childhood autism among these future health care professionals are unknown. This study assessed knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate medical, nursing and psychology students in south-eastern Nigeria and determined the factors that could be influencing such knowledge. One hundred final year undergraduate students were randomly selected from each of the Departments of Medicine, Nursing Science and Psychology respectively of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria making a sample size of three hundred. A socio-demographic questionnaire and knowledge about childhood autism among health workers (KCAHW) questionnaire were administered to the students. The total mean score for the three groups of students on the KCAHW questionnaire was 10.67+/-3.73 out of a possible total score of 19, with medical, nursing and psychology students having total mean scores of 12.24+/-3.24, 10.76+/-3.50 and 9.01+/-3.76 respectively. The mean scores for the three groups showed statistically significant difference for domain 1 (p=0.000), domain 3 (p=0.029), domain 4 (p=0.000) and total score (p=0.000), with medical students more likely to recognise symptoms and signs of autism compared to nursing and psychology students. The mean score in domain 2 did not show statistically significant difference among the three groups (p=0.769). The total score on the KCAHW questionnaire is positively correlated with the number of weeks of posting in psychiatry (r=0.319, p=0.000) and the number of weeks of posting in paediatrics (r=0.372, p=0

  19. 大学生宿舍人际关系的心理研究%Psychological Research on Interpersonal Relationship in University Students' Dormitories

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许争昱

    2016-01-01

    The dormitory is an important position for university students' learning and living, so dormitory interpersonal relation-ship influences the overall development of university students' interpersonal relationship. University students' dormitory inter-personal relationship is generally favorable, but due to the exis-tence of some uncertain factors from individuals, the university and the society, dormitory interpersonal relationship is frequently inharmonious. Therefore, we must comprehensively analyze the current situation of university students' dormitory interpersonal relationship, the manifestations and causes of inharmonious in-terpersonal relationship, and propose corresponding countermea-sures from both the university and students, so as to promote the healthy psychological development of university students.%宿舍是大学生学习生活的重要场所,宿舍人际关系影响着大学生人际关系的整体发展.大学生的宿舍人际关系总体状况良好,但由于个人、学校、社会等多方面不确定因素的存在,宿舍人际关系不和谐现象时有发生.必须全面分析大学生宿舍人际关系现状、人际关系不和谐的表现及原因,从学校和学生两个方面着手提出相应对策,促进大学生心理健康发展.

  20. 团体心理辅导在高校资助育人中的作用%The Role of Group Psychological Counseling in University Funding for Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛伟丽

    2016-01-01

    高校资助育人过程当中面临的一个重要问题就是贫困生的心理问题,很多贫困生存在着自卑、焦虑等不良情绪,严重影响正常交往活动,并且不善于进行人际沟通。本文简要介绍高校贫困生的常见心理问题,并探讨团队心理辅导在解决这些心理问题,充分发挥资助育人体系作用过程当中的价值。%An important issue in University funding education process is facing psychological problems of poor students, many poor living in the self-esteem, anxiety and other negative emotions, seriously affect the normal exchanges, and not good man-machine communication. This article briefly describes common psychological problems of poor students of colleges and universities, and to explore the counseling team in solving these psychological problems, give full play to the role of the fin-ancing system of education process value.

  1. The mediating role of social support in the relationship between psychological well-being and health-risk behaviors among Chinese university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catie CW Lai

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available While literature has displayed a link between psychological well-being (i.e. depression, hopelessness, and life satisfaction and health-risk behaviors (i.e. smoking, drinking, suicide, and physical inactivity, the mechanisms underlying this relationship have received little empirical attention. This study examines the mediation effects of social support (from family, friends, and significant others that accounted for the link. Participants were 2023 university students (47.7% male. Structural equation modeling showed partial mediation effect of social support between psychological well-being and health-risk behaviors. In particular, social support from family and friends jointly mediated about 80 percent of the effect of life satisfaction and hopelessness on drinking. These results offered novel evidence that helps improve theorizing the mechanisms of the relationship between psychological well-being and health-risk behaviors. They also highlighted the potential benefits of social support for university students to help them stay healthy. The implications of these results are discussed.

  2. The mediating role of social support in the relationship between psychological well-being and health-risk behaviors among Chinese university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Catie Cw; Ma, Cecilia Ms

    2016-07-01

    While literature has displayed a link between psychological well-being (i.e. depression, hopelessness, and life satisfaction) and health-risk behaviors (i.e. smoking, drinking, suicide, and physical inactivity), the mechanisms underlying this relationship have received little empirical attention. This study examines the mediation effects of social support (from family, friends, and significant others) that accounted for the link. Participants were 2023 university students (47.7% male). Structural equation modeling showed partial mediation effect of social support between psychological well-being and health-risk behaviors. In particular, social support from family and friends jointly mediated about 80 percent of the effect of life satisfaction and hopelessness on drinking. These results offered novel evidence that helps improve theorizing the mechanisms of the relationship between psychological well-being and health-risk behaviors. They also highlighted the potential benefits of social support for university students to help them stay healthy. The implications of these results are discussed.

  3. 团体心理辅导在大学生心理健康教育中的运用研究%Research on the Application of Group Psychological Counseling in the Psychological Health Education of Uni-versity Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁成; 李晓燕

    2015-01-01

    Transforming group counseling from a psychological counseling means to a psychological health education method, can provide help for the healthy psychological growth of universi-ty students. This paper makes a brief introduction of group psy-chological counseling, points out the model for the organization and design of group psychological counseling for university stu-dents, and explores the positive role of group psychological coun-seling in the psychological health education of university stu-dents. The writer hopes that this paper can provide help for the development of the psychological health education of university students.%团体辅导从心理咨询手段转化为心理健康教育方法,为大学生心理健康成长提供帮助。本文对团体心理辅导进行简要的叙述,说明大学生团体心理辅导活动的组织和设计模式,并从实践角度探讨了团体心理辅导在大学生心理健康教育中的应用及积极作用。希望本文能够为大学生心理健康教育的发展提供帮助。

  4. Psychological significance of calligraphy art teaching in universities%论高校书法艺术教学的心理学意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余珊; 涂继頔

    2015-01-01

    Calligraphy art teaching in universities have important psychological significance:the modal cognition of calligra-phy art can cultivate college students'good psychological quality;care experience of calligraphy personality can guide studens to active behavior;calligraphy cultural immersion of osmosis can promote college students'elegant cultural temperament.%高校书法艺术教学具有重要的心理学意义:书法艺术的情态认知可培养大学生良好的心理素质;书法人格的关怀历练可引导大学生积极的行为习惯;书法文化的濡染浸淫可提升大学生优雅的人文气质。

  5. 农林院校毕业生就业心理障碍问题探析%On Psychological Obstacles in Employment for Agricultural University Graduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚琦

    2012-01-01

    随着大学生就业形势的日益严峻,农林院校大学生就业问题更是雪上加霜,农林院校毕业生由于就业问题的困扰,导致很多就业心理障碍的产生,已经影响到高校的安全和社会的稳定。首先阐述了农业院校毕业生就业心理障碍的典型表现,其次分析了导致这些心理障碍出现的诸如就业竞争激烈、家人期望太大、有效引导不足、缺乏自我调整等原因,最后提出了推进高校教学改革、加强就业形势教育、强化就业技能指导、培养学生创业意识、重视心理健康教育等措施以推进毕业生心理问题的消除。%University graduates" employment situation is becoming increasingly severe, especially for agricultural universi ty graduates. Puzzled by employment problems, they have some psychological obstacles which have affected the security of universities and stability of society. This paper illustrates the manifestation of employment psychological obstacles and analyzes its reasons as the competition of employment, high expectation from family, insufficiency of effective guide, the lack of self adjustment and so on. Then, it proposes deepening the education reform, strengthening the employment edu cation and guidance, developing entrepreneur consciousness, offering psychological health education in colleges and uni versities to eliminate the graduates" psychological obstacles.

  6. Generalized psychological distress among HIV-infected patients enrolled in antiretroviral treatment in Dilla University Hospital, Gedeo zone, Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solomon H. Tesfaye

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Psychological disorders like depression and anxiety are potentially dangerous conditions. In the context of HIV/AIDS, this can influence health-seeking behavior or uptake of diagnosis and treatment for HIV/AIDS, add to the burden of disease for HIV patients, create difficulty in adherence to treatment, and increase the risk of mortality and morbidity. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of generalized psychological distress among HIV-infected subjects on antiretroviral treatment (ART. Design: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted. Interviews were conducted with 500 patients initiating ART at Dilla Referral Hospital. Generalized psychological distress was measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS. A cutoff score ≥19 was used to identify possible cases of patients with generalized psychological distress. Multivariable logistic regression analysis using SPSS Version 20 was performed to identify factors associated with psychological distress. Results: The prevalence of generalized psychological distress among the population of this study was 11.2% (HADS≥19. Factors independently associated with generalized psychological distress were moderate stress (OR=6.87, 95% CI 2.27–20.81, low social support (OR=10.17, 95% CI 2.85–36.29, number of negative life events of six and above (OR=3.99, 95% CI 1.77–8.99, not disclosing HIV status (OR=5.24, 95% CI 1.33–20.62, and CD4 cell count of <200 cells/mm3 (OR=1.98, 95% CI 0.45–0.83 and 200–499 cells/mm3 (OR=3.53, 95% CI 1.62–7.73. Conclusions: This study provides prevalence of psychological distress lower than the prevalence of common mental disorders in Ethiopia and comparable to some other studies in sub-Saharan Africa. The findings are important in terms of their relevance to identifying high-risk groups for generalized psychological distress and preventing distress through integrating mental health

  7. 大学生就业心理问题及对策探析%Analysis of university students' employment psychological problems and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许海波

    2013-01-01

      The university students' psychological problems of employment is closely associated with the social change ,such as social economy change, education and employment system change. The university students' psychological problems is mainly the employment of fear, the fear of inferiority and difficulty, comparisons of jealousy, following like sheep and fatalism.University graduates must put correct employment outlook and cognition , improve their occupation skills, interpersonal and frustration ability.%  大学生就业心理问题的提出是和社会经济、教育、用人制度等社会变革紧密相关联的。大学生就业心理问题主要表现有就业恐惧、畏难自卑、攀比嫉妒、盲从和宿命等心理。大学生顺利就业必须摆正就业观,树立正确就业认知,提高自己的职业技能、人际交往和挫折能力。

  8. 高校学生体育心理的分析探讨%Analysis of Colleges and University Students’ Sports Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐劲松

    2014-01-01

    Along with the reform and improvement of college education system,in the process of sports teaching in colleges and universities are paying more and more attention for students to grasp the sports psychology. Ensuring university students’ sports psychological health, enabling them to actively devote to sports,to obtain good health as well as set up positive outlook on life, is responsible for the cause of physical education teaching in colleges and universities.%随着高校教育制度的改革和完善,高校在探究体育教学的过程中越来越重视对学生体育心理的把握。保证高校学生体育心理健康,使他们能够积极地投入运动中去,获得健康体魄的同时也树立积极向上的人生观,是高校体育教育事业的责任。

  9. 普通高校新生常见心理问题分析及对策%Ordinary university freshman common psychological problem analysis and countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈玲娟

    2015-01-01

    This paper USES the college students' personality questionnaire (UPI) of a normal 2, 3086 colleges and universities just entered the university mental health survey of 2014 freshmen. Screening results: I class 179 students, 5.81% of the total, and then to track I class students psychological counseling, through statistical analysis, it is concluded that college students psychological problems mainly concentrated in adaptability and family problems. Prompt university freshmen adaptability education and college mental health education should pay attention to these two aspects.%本文采用大学生人格问卷(UPI)对某普通二本高校3086名刚进大学的2014级新生进行心理健康普查。筛查结果:I类学生179人,占总人数5.81%,然后对I类学生进行追踪心理咨询,经统计分析,得出高校新生心理问题主要集中在新生适应性问题及家庭问题。提示大学新生入学适应性教育与高校心理健康教育应当注意这两个方面。

  10. 行为心理与高校体育场馆的外部造型研究%Behavior Psychology and University Sports Venues External Shape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢艳华

    2013-01-01

    Based on the analysis of the university stadium ext-ernal shape characteristics, combined with the design of al as-pects of the psychological needs this paper researches the inner space environment and other aspects of school sports stadium construction.%本文在分析高校体育场馆外部造型特点的基础上,结合大学生对学校体育建筑设计各方面的心理需求对体育馆的内部空间环境等方面进行研究。

  11. 积极心理学视角下高校心理咨询的思考%Thoughts on the Psychological Consultation in Colleges and Universities from the Perspective of Positive Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳波

    2016-01-01

    Psychological consultation in colleges and universities is an important part of the teaching and learning of higher education in China and it has the important instruction and the promotion function to the university student 's physical and mental health development .Although the traditional psychological counseling model plays a certain role in the development of the individual , because of some disadvantages , it is difficult to adapt to the requirements of the times and social development .Positive psychology theory with a new perspective , including several aspects that are exciting the positive potential of the individual , promoting positive emotional experience , developing a posi-tive personality and using the positive social support system , will provide a new direction for the college counseling , so as to effectively improve the students'psychological health level and serve better in education and teaching in schools .%高校心理咨询是我国高等学校教育教学的重要组成部分,对高校学生的身心健康发展具有重要的指导和促进作用。传统的心理咨询模式尽管对个体的发展起到了一定的作用,但是存在一些弊端,难以适应时代和社会的发展要求。积极心理学理论以一个全新视角,从激发个体自身的积极潜能,促进积极情绪体验,培养积极人格以及利用积极社会支持系统几个方面,为高校心理咨询工作提供了新的走向,从而有效提高学生的心理健康水平,更好的服务于学校的教育教学。

  12. Project for Establishing a Selected Dissemination of Information Service for the Faculty Members at Education and Psychology Faculty, University of Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamreza Fadaei

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The project aim was to establish an SDI (Selected Dissemination of Information service for the faculty members at University of Tehran, faculty of psychology and education. The project was carried out during the 2006-2007 period. First, a three stage survey was conducted to identify the information needs which were then served using a current awareness service over the period. Findings confirmed that the SDI project significantly impacted on the faculty information seeking behavior. Furthermore, there had been evidence supporting the fact that it has also influenced the quality of instruction by facilitating the overall efficacy of information sources collected. It was the intent of researchers to expand this project at later stages to include all humanities faculties in the university and if possible at a national level.

  13. Study of the Attitudes of University Students coming from Social Sciences and Psychology: Relevance of the Information and Contact with the Disabled

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Támara Polo Sánchez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to know university student´s attitudes towards people with disabilities coming from Social Sciences and Psychology, registered in subjects in which information is provided on the disability. Also it is tried to analyze the influence of the contact with disabled. One scale measured subject´s attitudes towards people with disabilities, Escala de Actitudes Hacia las Personas con Discapacidad of Verdugo, Jenaro & Arias (1995. This scale was administered to 470 student´s from University of Granada. The results showed that the students presented positive attitudes towards the disabled persons, existing differences according to the degree and being in addition excellent the fact to maintain contact with the disabled person. These findings are discussed in relation to previous research and suggestions for future research are addressed

  14. Southern Federal University in Relation to Teacher Education Modernization Project: Strategic Reflection of the Testing Results of Integrative Modules of the “Cultural-Historical Psychology and Activity Approach in Education” Research Master’s Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chernaya A. V.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the experience of a strategic reflection of the Southern Federal University participation in the project of modernization of teacher education. It analyses how theoretical, methodological and organizational-activity basis of “Cultural-Historical Psychology and Activity Approach in Education” research master’s program designed by Moscow State University of Psychology & Education relates to the strategic objectives of Southern Federal University. Priorities and forward-looking statements in the strategy for the training of specialists in education based on action-competence approach, integrative principle of educational modules construction, network forms of cooperation of educational institutions are shown. Basic methodological ideas of culturalhistorical psychology and activity theory and their applicability to the needs of modern education objectified in the draft are specially considered. The article presents the preliminary test results of integrative modules of research master’s program for Southern Federal University

  15. 辅导员参与大学生心理危机干预的方式探究%Exploration on Ways of Counselors to Participate in the Psychological Crisis Intervention for University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘瑾; 王磊

    2015-01-01

    大学生心理危机干预作为高校心理健康工作的重要内容之一,在大学生健康成长成才、维护校园和谐与稳定等方面发挥着越来越重要的作用。在教育部办公厅关于印发《普通高等学校学生心理健康教育工作基本建设标准(实行)的通知[2011]》1号文件中指出辅导员是大学生心理健康教育工作的重要力量。实际上,仅靠学校心理健康中心的几位老师担负上万学生的心理健康教育工作远远不够,辅导员队伍在心理健康教育及心理危机干预中发挥着不可替代的作用。%The psychological crisis intervention for university stu-dents, as an important content in university psychological health work, plays an increasingly important role in promoting the healthy growth of university students and maintaining campus harmony and stability. It is pointed out in the announcement on issuing"Basic Construction Standards of the Student Psychologi-cal Health Education Work in Ordinary Colleges" given out by the office of the Ministry of Education, that counselors play an important role in the psychological health education of university students. Actually, just several teachers of the psychological health center are far from meeting the need of psychological health education for thousands of students, so counselors play an irreplaceable role in psychological health education and psycho-logical crisis intervention.

  16. LAUNCHING A CAREER IN PSYCHOLOGY WITH ACHIEVEMENT AND ARROGANCE: JAMES McKEEN CATTELL AT THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, 1882-1883.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokal, Michael M

    2016-01-01

    The scientific career of eminent experimentalist and psychological tester James McKeen Cattell (1860-1944) began at the Johns Hopkins University during the year (1882-1883) he held the university's Fellowship in Philosophy. This article opens by sketching the scope of Cattell's lifetime achievement and then briefly reviews the historical attention that his life and career has attracted during the past few decades. It then outlines the origins and evolution of Cattell's "scientific ideology," traces the course of events that led to his fellowship, reviews his earliest studies at Johns Hopkins, and analyzes in some detail his initial laboratory successes. These laid the groundwork for his later distinguished work as a psychological experimentalist, both in Europe and America. It concludes, however, that even as Cattell's early experimental achievements impressed others, the personal arrogance he exhibited during his year in Baltimore served to alienate him from his colleagues and teachers. Over the long run, this arrogance and his often-antagonistic approach to others continued to color (and even shape) his otherwise distinguished more than 50-year scientific career.

  17. Factors influencing knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate Medical, Nursing and Psychology students of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igwe Monday N

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Knowledge and awareness about childhood autism is low among health care workers and the general populace in Nigeria. Poor knowledge about childhood autism among final year medical, nursing and psychology students who would form tomorrow's child health care professionals can compromise early recognition and interventions that are known to improve prognosis in childhood autism. Educational factors that could be influencing knowledge about childhood autism among these future health care professionals are unknown. This study assessed knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate medical, nursing and psychology students in south-eastern Nigeria and determined the factors that could be influencing such knowledge. Methods One hundred final year undergraduate students were randomly selected from each of the Departments of Medicine, Nursing Science and Psychology respectively of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria making a sample size of three hundred. A socio-demographic questionnaire and knowledge about childhood autism among health workers (KCAHW questionnaire were administered to the students. Results The total mean score for the three groups of students on the KCAHW questionnaire was 10.67 ± 3.73 out of a possible total score of 19, with medical, nursing and psychology students having total mean scores of 12.24 ± 3.24, 10.76 ± 3.50 and 9.01 ± 3.76 respectively. The mean scores for the three groups showed statistically significant difference for domain 1 (p = 0.000, domain 3 (p = 0.029, domain 4 (p = 0.000 and total score (p = 0.000, with medical students more likely to recognise symptoms and signs of autism compared to nursing and psychology students. The mean score in domain 2 did not show statistically significant difference among the three groups (p = 0.769. The total score on the KCAHW questionnaire is positively correlated with the number of weeks of posting in psychiatry (r = 0.319, p = 0

  18. Psychology in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imada, Hiroshi; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko

    2016-06-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide information about Japan and its psychology in advance of the 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP), to be held in Yokohama, Japan, in 2016. The article begins with the introduction of the Japanese Psychological Association (JPA), the hosting organization of the ICP 2016, and the Japanese Union of Psychological Associations consisting of 51 associations/societies, of which the JPA is a member. This is followed by a brief description of a history of psychology of Japan, with emphasis on the variation in our approach to psychology in three different periods, that is, the pre- and post-Pacific War periods, and the post-1960 period. Next, the international contributions of Japanese psychology/psychologists are discussed from the point of view of their visibility. Education and training in psychology in Japanese universities is discussed with a final positive remark about the long-awaited enactment of the Accredited Psychologist Law in September, 2015.

  19. Invertendo o caminho tradicional do atendimento psicológico numa clínica-escola brasileira Inverting the traditional route of one Brazilian university psychological service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwiges Ferreira de Mattos Silvares

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Uma proposta de atendimento psicológico comportamental, invertendo-se o fluxo do cliente até à clínica-escola (em vez de este ir até ela, esta é que vai até ele, foi testada. Trinta clientes, antes e depois da intervenção, foram avaliados por meio de: (a CBCLs, (b TRFs, (c DOFs e (d índices de atenção à tarefa e interação com o professor, obtidos em vídeos das crianças em atividades acadêmicas numa sucursal da clínica-escola (uma escola pública, assim chamada por permitir os programas preventivos desta. No ver dos professores e observadores, as crianças do grupo de intervenção (n=10, do ponto de vista estatístico (p£.05, diferem significativamente das de espera (n=20, quanto ao aumento de competência social, diminuição do distúrbio total, maior tempo de atenção à tarefa e de interação com o professor, o que mostrou ser a proposta exeqüível. Mais elementos devem ser incorporados à proposta objetivando-se o envolvimento familiar e a prevenção do mau desempenho acadêmico das crianças encaminhadas.A new clinical intervention to change the client's natural route to an university psychological service was tested. Instead of the community going to the psychological service it is the service that goes to people in the community. It was developed in a psychological service branch (a school that allows psychological prevention programs from university with 30 children (clients assessed, before and after the intervention by CBCLs, TRFs and DOFs plus on indexes of attention to task and interaction with teacher, obtained from children's videos on academic activities. According to teachers and observers, all children that went through the intervention (n=10, were statistically different (p£.05 from wait control (n=20 considering: higher social competence, lower total behavioral disturbance, higher task attention and higher children-teacher interaction, showing that the proposal is feasible. New strategies shall be

  20. Relationships between Organizational Climate and Organizational Silence with Psychological Empowerment of Employees in Hospitals Affiliated with Birjand University of Medical Sciences; 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parviz Aghaie Borzabad

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Identifying factors associated with employees empowerment of their working centers can promote organizational performance of hospitals. The current study aimed at investigating the relationship of both organizational climate and organizational silence with psychological empowerment in the public hospitals affiliated with Birjand University of Medical Sciences (BUMS. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional and correlational study was carried out in 2015. Using a stratified randomized sampling, 400 employees were selected from the public. hospitals affiliated with BUMS.  Data collection tools were. three self-administered questionnaires including organizational climate, organizational silence, and psychological empowerment. . Validity and reliability of the questionnaires were verified using experts judgment and Cronbach alpha coefficients more than 0.7, respectively. Data analysis was done by means of SPSS (V: 18 software using one sample t test, independent t test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and one-way ANOVA. The cut-off point of 70%.of Likert-type scale (3.5 was considered as an acceptable mean for each variable. Results: The mean organizational climate and organizational silence was 2.45 and 3.18, respectively which did not correspond with an acceptable mean (P<0.05. Although the mean psychological construct which was 3.6 had an acceptable value, mean of the two other sub-variables i.e. “trust to others” and “self-determination” were 3.2±0.83 and 3.42±0.67, respectively; and they were not at an acceptable level (P<0.05. It is observed that both organizational climate and organizational silence were positively correlated to psychological empowerment with 0.6 and 0.58 coefficients, respectively (P<0.05. Conclusion:  It is suggested that the hospitals administrators should promote the psychological empowerment of their employees  through improving organizational climate and decreasing organizational

  1. On the Application of Positive Psychological Health Edu-cation in the Guidance of University Students' Abnormal Psychology%积极心理健康教育在大学生异常心理引导中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨曼婷

    2016-01-01

    Without timely diagnosis and treatment, various psy-chological disorders of university students will bring severe con-sequences to them and even turn into campus vicious incidents. Positive psychological health education can not only relieve stu-dents' psychological problems, but cultivate their positive and healthy psychological morality. Its core idea is to construct stu-dents' powerful psychological defense to solve various negative psychological problems by establishing the character strengths u-niversity students possess and subjective well-being. It has pro-vided a brand new perspective of study on the current university psychological health education and expanded an idea of study on psychological health education of university students.%大学生各种心理异常问题如果没有得到及时的发现和治疗,会带给学生严重的后果,甚至酿成校园恶性事件。积极心理健康教育不仅仅可以帮助学生解除各种心理问题,而且可以培养学生具有积极健康的心理品德。其核心思想是通过建立大学生特有的性格优势与主观幸福感来构建学生强大的心理防线,解决各种消极心理问题,给予了当前高校心理健康教育一个全新的研究视角,开拓了大学生心理健康教育的研究思路。

  2. 大学生心理自我保健能力发展研究%Study on Psychological Self-care Ability of University Student

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇; 李玲

    2012-01-01

    The aim is to know the development and feature of psychological self-care ability of university student. Its Methods are to investigate arandom sample of 166 university undergraduates with self-compiled questionnaire survey, and access to the data of descriptive statistics and independent samples t-test. Its Results are the level of sense of psychological self-care is significantly higher than mean (t=9.412, P〈.01). There was no significant difference between the sexes, and between the origin (P〉. 05),but significant between professional (t=3. 258, P〈. 01). proportion of students who have psychological problems in the last 4 years has decreased obviously (2=15.77, P 〈.01).Most students ask family and friends for help (74.7%), and 44.6% of the students choosetotaikout negative emotions. Its Conclusion isthe level of sense of psychological self-care is Relatively high, and the psychological Self-care behavior is positive ,with tendency to inner explore. The Professional psychological services is underutilized.%目的:了解当前大学生心理自我保健能力发展现状及特点。方法:随机抽取某大学在校本科生166人,采用自编问卷进行调查,通过spss16.0对数据进行描述统计与独立样本t检验。结果:样本群体心理自我保健意识水平明显高于平均值(t=9.412,P〈0.01),性别之间、籍贯之间差异不显著(P〉.05),专业之间差异显著(t=3.258,P〈0.01);遇到心理困扰时大多学生选择向家人朋友求助(74.7%),学生最常采用的不良情绪宣泄途径是倾诉44.6%)。结论:样本群体心理自我保健意识水平较高,自我保健行为较为积极,并出现内在探索倾向,对学校专业心理服务利用度偏低。

  3. A Survey into the Psychological Condition of Normal Uni-versity Students in Job-hunting%师范生就业心理调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢叶霜; 陈忠余; 庄丽; 徐雅纶; 孙永明

    2014-01-01

    当前师范生就业困难越来越大,就业率越来越低。师范生对就业的认识、择业价值观、自身的专业技能等方面都存在一定的问题。建议师范生应正确认识就业形势,增强专业素质,促进自身就业心理健康。%Nowadays, normal university students face increasing difficulties in job-hunting as employment rate keeps falling. Nor-mal university students have problems in such aspects as their recognition towards employment, value system in job-hunting, insufficient professional skills and so on. It is advised that normal university students should have a proper understanding of em-ployment situation, improve professional skills and promote psy-chological health in job-hunting.

  4. Problematic Internet Use among Greek university students: an ordinal logistic regression with risk factors of negative psychological beliefs, pornographic sites, and online games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frangos, Christos C; Frangos, Constantinos C; Sotiropoulos, Ioannis

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationships between Problematic Internet Use (PIU) among university students in Greece and factors such as gender, age, family condition, academic performance in the last semester of their studies, enrollment in unemployment programs, amount of Internet use per week (in general and per application), additional personal habits or dependencies (number of coffees, alcoholic drinks drunk per day, taking substances, cigarettes smoked per day), and negative psychological beliefs. Data were gathered from 2,358 university students from across Greece. The prevalence of PIU was 34.7% in our sample, and PIU was significantly associated with gender, parental family status, grade of studies during the previous semester, staying or not with parents, enrollment of the student in an unemployment program, and whether the student paid a subscription to the Internet (p advertisement sites, Google, Yahoo!, their e-mail, ftp, games, and blogs more than non-problematic Internet users. PIU was also associated with other potential addictive personal habits of smoking, drinking alcohol or coffee, and taking drugs. Significant risk factors for PIU were being male, enrolment in unemployment programs, presence of negative beliefs, visiting pornographic sites, and playing online games. Thus PIU is prevalent among Greek university students and attention should be given to it by health officials.

  5. The learning type makes the difference - the interrelation of Kolb's learning styles and psychological status of preclinical medical students at the University of Erlangen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burger, Pascal H; Scholz, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Theories on learning styles and types have been integral to discussions on the basics of teaching for nearly 40 years. The learning style typology of Kolb divides learners into four groups (Diverger, Assimilator, Converger and Accomodator), which differ both in terms of their learning behaviour as well as personality and preferences. We studied the sense of coherence and burnout symptoms in medical students of the preclinical semesters (1(st) to 4(th) semester) at the Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen within the context of the observed learning styles. A total of 530 students were interviewed in winter semester 2012/13 using standardized psychometric questionnaires. Our students showed a significant correlation between the respective learning styles and expression of a sense of coherence, as well as cognitive and emotional burnout symptoms. The learning styles of the students differed significantly within these same parameters. We also demonstrated that learning styles and types not only influence study performance, but that there are also relationships to sense of coherence and psychological ailments. A more forward-looking integration of the theory of learning types in the medical education curriculum could positively influence both the performance and psychological well-being of the students.

  6. Non-state-run University Students' Psychological Problems Analysis%民办高校学生心理问题分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵宇

    2011-01-01

    民办高校为学生提供了更多的受教育的机会,但民办学校的学生存在各种问题,本文就笔者以在民办高校两年的教学经验对民办高校学生的各种心理现象做分析,并讨论其解决办法,其内容包括研究其现象的原因,提升学生自信心的重要性以及教师要采取的一些办法,以便准确把握学生心理,因材施教,有的放矢,提高效率,使学生成材,成为一个身心健康、乐观积极、生活愉快的人.%Private universities provide students with more education opportunities. But students of private schools are existing problems, this article is the author who has two years teaching experience of private colleges analyses students' psychological phenomenon and discusses its solutions. Its content is including reaching phenomenon; the importance of enhancing students' self-confidence and the teachers should adopt some measures for knowing student psychology, teaching students according to their aptitude, targeted, to improve efficiency, and make students to become a physical and mental health person with positive and optimistic attitude, leading a happy life.

  7. The learning type makes the difference – the interrelation of Kolb's learning styles and psychological status of preclinical medical students at the University of Erlangen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burger, Pascal H.; Scholz, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Theories on learning styles and types have been integral to discussions on the basics of teaching for nearly 40 years. The learning style typology of Kolb divides learners into four groups (Diverger, Assimilator, Converger and Accomodator), which differ both in terms of their learning behaviour as well as personality and preferences. We studied the sense of coherence and burnout symptoms in medical students of the preclinical semesters (1st to 4th semester) at the Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen within the context of the observed learning styles. A total of 530 students were interviewed in winter semester 2012/13 using standardized psychometric questionnaires. Our students showed a significant correlation between the respective learning styles and expression of a sense of coherence, as well as cognitive and emotional burnout symptoms. The learning styles of the students differed significantly within these same parameters. We also demonstrated that learning styles and types not only influence study performance, but that there are also relationships to sense of coherence and psychological ailments. A more forward-looking integration of the theory of learning types in the medical education curriculum could positively influence both the performance and psychological well-being of the students. PMID:25489342

  8. 催眠疗法在大学生心理辅导中的应用%Application of Hypnotic Therapy in Psychological Counseling University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石刚

    2009-01-01

    大学生心理问题日益引起各方面的关注;作为一项卓有成效的治疗技术和一门深入心灵的学问,催眠心理疗法近年来倍受研究者和临床治疗师的瞩目.将催眠疗法应用在大学生团体心理辅导和个案咨询中会起到突出的效果,也具有深远的意义.%In rencent years, psychological problems of university students have become increasingly at-tracted attention from all sides; and researchers and clinical therapists focus more attention on hypono-sis. It's effective and significant for us to apply hypnotic therapy to group training and case study.

  9. "By the End of the Course All Students Should Know...": Setting Coherent Aims for the Teaching of Psychology in School, College and University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowley, Martin

    2008-01-01

    As J. Radford (2008) points out in "Psychology in its place," the question of what role psychology should play in Higher Education is merely a subsection of the question, what is (Higher) Education for? In light of the large number of psychology undergraduates who do not go on to pursue careers in psychology, Radford argues cogently for…

  10. Methods of Psychological and Pedagogical Accompaniment of First-Year Students in Process of Adapting to Learning at University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maralova, Tatyana P.; Filipenkova, Olesya G.; Galitskikh, Elena O.; Shulga, Tatiana I.; Sidyacheva, Natalya V.; Ovsyanik, Olga A.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the study is conditioned by the complexity of students' adaptation to learning at University due to the change of social environment, an alarming feelings about the precise self-determination, lack of knowledge in opportunities for self-expression in art, science, sport and public life. The purpose of the paper is to identify…

  11. The Effect of Response Cards on Participation and Weekly Quiz Scores of University Students Enrolled in Introductory Psychology Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Michael C.; Woodard, Camille

    2007-01-01

    Increasing student participation in college classrooms is an overlooked yet socially valid endeavor. The present study attempted to increase student participation, accuracy of responding, and weekly quiz scores, by incorporating student response-cards. Measures of social validity were also addressed. One hundred twenty university students in two…

  12. Psychological.pm6

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adele

    Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa ..... inactivity and the avoidance of physical exercise in .... Mood and anxiety ... individuals with chronic pain: the moderating role of pain duration. Pain 2004 ...

  13. Mainstreaming culture in psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Fanny M

    2012-11-01

    Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural personality assessment, the author discusses the inadequacies of sole reliance on either the etic or the emic approach and points out the advantages of a combined emic-etic approach in bridging global and local human experiences in psychological science and practice. With the blurring of the boundaries between North American-European psychologies and psychology in the rest of the world, there is a need to mainstream culture in psychology's epistemological paradigm. Borrowing from the concept of gender mainstreaming that embraces both similarities and differences in promoting equal opportunities, the author discusses the parallel needs of acknowledging universals and specifics when mainstreaming culture in psychology. She calls for building a culturally informed universal knowledge base that should be incorporated in the psychology curriculum and textbooks.

  14. How to effectively promote universities and research institutes in the network? Psychological mechanisms of e-marketing effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karol Wolski

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Universities and research institutes more and more often resort to promotion tools up till now used mainly in business. Omnipresent market competition has reached also the area of science, where more and more often the fight for students and money for scientific research takes place. Competition among science institutions is additionally stimulated by demographic factors – the gradual aging of the European society. As data from the Central Statistical Office show, the number of peopled aged 19-24 in Poland will drop from 2,817,000 in 2015 to 2,135,000 in 2025. The reduction of the number of young people will substantially boost competition between universities. Their success, similarly as success in business will depend to an ever greater extent on the quality of conducted marketing activities. Education and research have become a product which, just like any other product, has to „fight” for the client.

  15. A Case Study of Psychological Distress of Employment among University Students%高校大学生就业心理困扰的个案研究与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭志峰

    2011-01-01

    大学生就业问题一直备受社会关注,而由各种心理问题所带来的就业困扰已成为目前高校心理健康教育的重要内容.本文从实际案例出发,运用心理辅导理论技术,对大学生的就业困扰心理进行辅导和分析,探讨解决高校大学生心理困扰的途径和方法.%The socity is always focus on the employment issues of university students, and these psychological distress are imporant elements in the university mental healthy education. This article analyzes counseling skill for a university student of the employment issues, finding ways to slove the psychological distress of university students.

  16. 大学生心理健康教育工作困境及应对策略探索%Exploration on Difficulties and Countermeasures of Psy-chological Health Education for University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高浩

    2016-01-01

    Relying on the experience in university psychological health education, this paper summarizes the difficulties in the general psychological survey on university students, the imple-mentation of psychological health education course, and students' psychological counseling, and also explores the countermeasures to cope with the problems and to improve the psychological health education for university students.%本文以高校心理健康教育工作经验为依托,对高校心理健康教育工作中的大学生心理普查、心理健康教育课程开展、学生心理咨询工作等各个方面工作所遇到的困境进行总结归纳,并对相关问题的应对策略以及未来大学生心理健康教育工作的完善进行探索。

  17. University students' psychological quality education from the perspective of “personality trait theory”%基于“人格特质理论”视角下的大学生心理素质教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雅鑫; 樊慧鑫; 任晓萌

    2016-01-01

    Nowadays, students are more likely to produce a variety of psychological problems. Therefore, it is urgent to carry out the education of psychological quality education in University. Based on the theory of personality traits, it will discuss the necessity of University Students' psychological quality education.%目前处在青年时期的大学生更容易产生各种心理问题。因此,在大学中开展心理素质教育刻不容缓。本文基于人格特质理论,浅谈在此前提下的大学生心理素质教育的必要性。

  18. Discussion on the Importance of Improving University Librarians ’ Psychological Knowledge Accomplishment%试论高校图书馆员提升心理学知识素养的重要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董霞永

    2015-01-01

    Improving university librarians’ psychological knowledge accomplishment not only helps university librarians to enhance their psychological quality and individual personality, but also helps them to enhance the service consciousness and service level and become the qualified librarians to meet the needs of the times.This paper probes into the importance of improving university librarians’ psychological knowledge accomplishment, and puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions on improving university librarians’ psychological knowledge accomplishment.%不断提升高校图书馆员的心理学知识素养,不仅有助于增强其心理素质,完善其个体人格,还有助于提升其服务意识和服务水平,成为适应时代需求的合格馆员。探讨了提升高校图书馆员心理学知识素养的重要性,提出了提升高校图书馆员心理学知识素养的对策建议。

  19. Universe

    CERN Document Server

    2011-01-01

    Updated for 2011, the Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that covers today's most popular science topics, from digital TV to microchips to touchscreens and beyond. Perennial subjects in earth science, life science, and physical science are all explored in detail. Amazing graphics-more than 1,000 per title-combined with concise summaries help students understand complex subjects. Correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-9, each title also contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary.

  20. Universe

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    The Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that is correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-8. The Britannica Illustrated Science Library is a visually compelling set that covers earth science, life science, and physical science in 16 volumes.  Created for ages 10 and up, each volume provides an overview on a subject and thoroughly explains it through detailed and powerful graphics-more than 1,000 per volume-that turn complex subjects into information that students can grasp.  Each volume contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary help and an index.

  1. [Study of the dietary preferences and the social-psychological factors that affect the dietary behaviors of high school and university students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasamaki, Junichi

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to elucidate the correlation among dietary intake, dietary preferences, and social-psychological factors in the youth and to examine the factors that affect such dietary behaviors as snacking, skipping breakfast, and taking a biased nutrition. A survey was carried out using a questionnaire with closed questions on multiple items such as dietary behaviors, psychosocial stress, dietary externalization, information and consciousness about health. The survey was conducted on 1,056 high school students and 1,323 university students in Japan. As a result of the factor analysis among the groups of male/female and high school/university students, relationships were found between the items of "preferences for snacking" and "snack food intakes" among all these groups. Those who like sweets and snacks tended to snack between lunch and dinner or after dinner by themselves more often than those who do not. In contrast to men, intermediate correlations were found between the item of "a meal as a diversion" and each of the items of "snack food intake," "preferences for fried foods/sautéed foods/meat dishes," and "preferences for snacking," among women who do not live alone, regardless of their being high school or university students. The item of "stress over human relationships/academic performance" was shown to have similarly weak correlations with the items of "reasons for skipping breakfast" and "nutrition intake" in the groups of male and female high school students. The less they value nutrition intake, the more they tend to be conscious of stress over human relationships/academic performance.

  2. Resilience and Psychological Distress in Psychology and Medical Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacchi, Stephen; Licinio, Julio

    2017-04-01

    The authors investigated levels of resilience and psychological distress in medical and psychology students, factors that may affect these levels, the relationship between resilience and psychological distress, and student opinion on causes of stress and possible interventions. A voluntary anonymous online survey was distributed to University of Adelaide medical and psychology students. Medical and psychology students (n = 560; response rate = 24.7%) had similar mean resilience and psychological distress scores, and 47.9% of medical students and 55.1% of psychology students were psychologically distressed. Higher levels of resilience were associated with lower levels of distress (p resilience-based interventions, greater financial support, clearer learning objectives and more continuous assessment as potential means to reduce the effects of stress. Higher levels of resilience were associated with lower levels of psychological distress. Further studies are required to determine the efficacy of resilience-based interventions in these groups.

  3. On the Psychological Health Education and Career Plan-ning of University Students%大学生心理健康教育与职业生涯规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国松

    2015-01-01

    A healthy state of mind is the basic guarantee for uni-versity students to complete their studies and realize personal ideals. Career planning is to guide university students to under-stand themselves and correctly plan and develop themselves. Starting from the connection point between the psychological health education and career education of university students, this paper elaborates the relationship between psychological health e-ducation and career planning in university education, aiming to promote the healthy physical and psychological development of university students and lay a foundation for their sustainable de-velopment in the future.%健康的心理状态是大学生完成学业,实现个人理想的基本保障。职业生涯规划则指导大学生认识自我,正确地规划发展自我。本文从大学生心理健康教育与职业生涯教育的切合点出发,阐述了在大学教育中心理健康教育与职业生涯规划之间的关系,促进大学生身心的健康发展,为其之后的可持续发展奠定基础。

  4. Deep Personality Development:An Effective Technique to Cure Serious Psychological Problems of University Students%人格深层扩展:矫治大学生心理障碍的有效技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛斌

    2015-01-01

    近年来,大学生心理障碍的严重性、复杂性困扰着学生工作者。人们不断探索各种心理干预与矫治的技术。实践证明:在深层心理学和本土深层文化结构基础上形成的由“共感”“归本”“显现”三个技术环节所构成的人格深层扩展心理矫治技术对帮助心理障碍的大学生较快恢复心理健康具有良好的效果。%In recent years, psychological workers have been always perplexed by the seriousness and complica-tion of psychological problems of university students. All kinds of psychological intervention and correction approach-es have been explored continuously. Practice shows that deep personality development, which consists of“synesthesi-a”“nature-returning”“positive personality-appearance”and is based on deep psychology and locative deep cultural structure, is an effective technique to cure serious psychological problems of university students.

  5. 大学生社会主义核心价值体系心理认同研究%The Research on Psychological Recognition of University Students' Socialist Core Value Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    操菊华

    2012-01-01

    心理认同是建设社会主义核心价值体系的重要内容。大学生心理认同有体验性、自我性和求新性等三大特点。高校要着力打造文化精品,树立先进典型,注重实践体验,创新传播方式,体现以生为本,不断创新主题教育的内容、形式、载体,充分关切学生的心理需求与利益诉求,切实增强大学生对社会主义核心价值体系的心理认同。%Psychological Recognition is the main content of building socialist core value systems.University students' psychological recognition has three traits:experience,oneself and novelty.The University should produce cultural works,foster advanced models,focus practical experience,innovate means of communication,reflect the student-oriented.And it should innovate the theme of education content,form and carrier,fully concern about the students' psychological needs and interest demands,increase university students' socialist core value system of psychological recognition.

  6. 我国大学心理服务宏观管理体制改革初探%The Investigation on the reform of Psychological service macro management system in university

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋尚桂

    2014-01-01

    s Psychological service in university is an important part of higher educa-tion. For a long time,there are still some shortages and gaps existing in university psy-chological services in China,such as the understanding of concept,system construction,the establishment of professional management team, management policy and legal environment,development planning and so forth. The main task of the macro management system re-form of university psychological service is to specify the administrative management,to es-tablish and perfect the university psychological services and personnel access system,im-prove the mechanism of evaluation and supervision,to give full play to the role of profes-sional psychology Academic Organizations in promoting mental health services in the work of professional services and guidance.%大学心理服务是大学教育工作的重要组成部分。目前我国大学心理服务宏观管理体制在认识观念、机构体系建设、管理队伍专业化、管理政策与法律环境以及发展规划制定等方面还存在诸多问题。我国大学心理服务宏观管理体制改革需要明确主管部门的管理职能,制定和完善大学心理服务机构及人员的准入制度,健全大学心理服务专业评价与监督机制,充分发挥心理学专业学术组织在推动心理服务工作中的专业服务和引导作用。

  7. 浅论大学生创业心理及培养途径%University Students Psychology of Entrepreneurial and Ways of Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶许可

    2012-01-01

    创业是一种积极主动的行为,创业者心理对创业的成功与否起着至关重要的作用。作为高校素质教育的有效载体,创业教育应该以培养大学生良好的创业心理作为主要内容。创业已成为大学生就业的一种重要途径,大学生创业类型可分为被动创业、主动创业和理智创业三种。由于大学生自身的特点,在创业中存在着不少缺点。如果不能正确认识这些缺点,创业很难取得成功,高校的创业教育也就很难取得成效。%Entrepreneurship is a proactive behavior and the psychology of entrepreneurship plays a vital role. As an effective carrier of college quality education, entrepreneurship education should be to train college students' entrepreneurial mentality as the main content. Entrepreneurship can be divided into passive entrepreneurs, active entrepreneurship and rational entrepreneurial, which has become an important means of employment of university students. However, due to the characteristics of the students themselves, they nave many shortcomings. The venture will not succeed if not properly aware of these shortcomings and entrepreneurship education in colleges and universities would be very difficult to achieve results.

  8. Analysis on the Employment Psychology of Graduates from Common Universities and Corresponding Counter-measures%普通院校毕业生就业心理分析及相应对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈杨; 邵警清; 陈媛媛

    2014-01-01

    With the cotinuous expansion of China's higher educa-tion and regional development imbalance, common universities obviously have shortcomings in geographical location, university fund, talent introduction and policy preference, etc., making stu-dents cultivated by such universities in a weak position in the job market, thus showing a lot of adverse employment psychology. Therefore, it is particularly important to timely and accurately grasp the employment psychology of graduates from common uni-versities and analyze the causes, and from the perspective of em-ployment guidance, offer the right psychological guidance and employment counseling. Based on exploring the psychological problems of common university graduates produced in their em-ployment and analyzing the causes, this paper proposes corre-sponding adjustment strategies.%伴随我国高等教育规模不断扩大和区域不平衡发展,普通院校在地理位置、办学经费、人才引进和政策倾斜等方面存在明显不足,以致该类院校培养的大学生在就业市场中处于弱势地位,从而表现出很多不良的就业心理。因此,适时准确地把握普通院校毕业生的就业心理、分析成因,从就业指导角度出发,给予正确的心理引导和就业辅导就显得尤为重要。本文就普通院校毕业生在就业过程中产生的心理问题进行探索、分析成因,并提出了相应的调适策略。

  9. Expanding Your Coverage of Neuroscience: An Interview with Michael Gazzaniga

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Erin B.

    2006-01-01

    Erin Rasmussen is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at Idaho State University where she teaches learning, behavioral pharmacology, senior seminar, and introductory psychology. She received her MS and PhD in experimental psychology (with a minor in behavioral pharmacology and toxicology) from Auburn University. She taught at…

  10. The Role of College and University Libraries in Psychological Health Education for Students%高校图书馆在大学生心理健康教育中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宝玉

    2012-01-01

    The paper elaborates the important function of college and university libraries in psychological health education,points out the countermeasures for improving the education including promoting psychological quality of librarians,strengthening literature resources allocation,constructing good environment and so on,so as to provide strong protection for psychological health of students.%阐述高校图书馆在大学生心理健康教育中的重要作用,指出高校图书馆强化大学生心理健康教育的措施,包括提高馆员心理素质、加强文献资源配备、建设良好的图书馆环境等方面,为大学生的心理健康成长提供有力保障。

  11. Correlation between social anxiety and psychological traits among university students%大学生社交焦虑情绪影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敬阳; 刘洋; 万洪泉; 梅松丽

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the correlation between social anxiety and psychological traits among university students. Methods The correlations between the social anxiety and self-esteem, self-monitoring, and self-consciousness were measured with Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LS AS) .Texas Social Behavior Inventory, Self-Monitoring Scale, and Self-Consciousness Scale(SCS) among 1 600 university students in Changchun city,Jilin province. Results There were significant negative correlations between the level of social anxiety and self-esteem, self-monitoring,and private self-consciousness (p < 0.01). In regression analyses, self-esteem was a predictor for social anxiety (b' = - 0.27, p < 0.01) and low self-esteem was a prevailing social psychological characteristics in the students with higher social anxiety. Conclusion The interpersonal quality, emotional response, and behavior feedback of university students with social anxiety are directly impacted by self-esteem, self-monitoring, and private self-consciousness.%目的 了解心理特质因素对大学生社交焦虑情绪的影响.方法 采用Liebowitz社交焦虑量表、德克萨斯行为问卷、自我监控量表、自我意识量表对吉林省长春市1600名大学生进行调查.结果 高社交焦虑大学生的自尊(49.50±7.46)、自我监控(17.17±9.83)和私我意识(23.46±5.68)评分均低于低焦虑个体的(52.96 ±7.26)、(21.06±11.54)、(24.49±6.18)分,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);社交焦虑分值与自尊、私我意识、自我监控呈负相关(P<0.01),进一步回归分析表明,自尊对社交焦虑的预测作用最大(b’=-0.27,P<0.01).结论 自尊、自我监控、私我意识的心理特质与社交焦虑情绪有关,低自尊、低自我监控和低私我意识水平可能导致大学生个体在社交情境中产生更高的社交焦虑水平和更多的回避行为.

  12. 中美高校心理危机干预工作之比较与启示%Comparison and Revelation of the Psychological Crisis Intervention in Chinese and American Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐炜炜; 金蓓蓓; 乐晓蓉

    2015-01-01

    中美高校在心理危机干预工作中共同面临着一系列的挑战,但因中美两国在民族文化背景和心理咨询发展阶段上的不同,两国高校在心理危机干预的认知理念、干预方式、主体责任、工作主动群体等方面存在较大差异.通过解读和分析这些差异背后的原因,从家校合作、专兼职队伍建设、心理自助网络平台开发、全员培训4个方面提出对我国高校心理危机干预工作的有益启示.%Chinese and American universities face a series of challenges in the work of psychological crisis intervention. Because of the differences between the two countries in the development of national culture and psychological counseling, there is a big difference between the two universities in the psychological crisis intervention of the cognitive concept, the way of intervention, the main responsi-bility, the active group and so on. Through the analysis of the reasons behind these differences, the conclusion about a useful inspiration to the psychological crisis intervention in China's universities is given from four aspects including home-school cooperation, part-time team building, psychological self-help network platform development, full training of all faculties and staffs.

  13. Historiography of Czech psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoskovcová, Simona; Hoskovec, Jirí; Plháková, Alena; Sebek, Michael; Svancara, Josef; Voboril, Dalibor

    2010-08-01

    The paper is aimed at presenting the development of the Czech historiography of psychology, which was strongly influenced by the political changes in Central and Eastern Europe. The authors deal with the historiography of psychology at the three universities offering an undergraduate program in psychology, located in Prague, Brno, and Olomouc, and at the Institute of Psychology of the Czech Academy of Sciences. Recent research, teaching, textbooks, and journal articles published in Czech and in foreign languages are showcased. The historiography of Czech psychotherapy is mentioned as a special thematic development. Contemporary problems and perspectives in the field of the history of psychology in the Czech Republic are discussed, sources of information are given.

  14. The Psychological Health Education of University Students from the Perspective of Counselors%辅导员视角下的大学生心理健康教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽

    2013-01-01

    The psychological health of university students is widely concerned .Because the job requirements and the complementary charac-teristics between ideological - political education and psychological health education ,counselors should and can participate in it ,with good psychological quality ,moral quality ,psychological knowledge ,and role specification .Also ,it is suggested to put up students’ psychologi-cal archives ,to combine explicit and implicit education ,and to combine the way of group guidance and individual talk .At the same time , the peer and psychological counseling professionals are needed to play a role .%  大学生的心理健康受到广泛关注。由于工作职责的要求以及思想政治教育与心理健康教育的相辅相成特性,辅导员应该而且能够参与到大学生心理健康教育中来。开展大学生心理健康教育,辅导员需要具备良好的心理素质和道德品质、一定的心理学知识,还要重新定位自身的角色;可以采取建立学生心理档案、显性教育与隐性教育相结合、团体辅导与个别谈话相结合的途径,同时发挥学生朋辈及专业心理咨询人员的作用。

  15. 团体心理训练在大学新生适应阶段中的运用%Application of Group Psychological Training in University Students Adaptation Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨永华

    2011-01-01

    Group psychological training is a solution to students' individual development problem coach education form, it refers to the members of a group or team members involved in the process of psychological training. This paper expounds the group psychological training in University Freshmen's adaptation to the stage in the role of group psychological training, implementation requirements, use basis, how to set up the group psychological training contents and practical application.%团体心理训练是一种解决学生个人发展问题的辅导教育形式,它是指团体成员或者小组成员参与心理训练的过程。本文阐述了团体心理训练在大学新生适应阶段的作用、团体心理训练实施者的要求、运用依据、如何设置团体心理训练内容及实际运用情况。

  16. A case study on the impact of childhood experience on individual abnormal psychology in university period%童年经历对大学阶段个体异常心理发生影响个案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白树虎; 谭经伟

    2016-01-01

    This study based on the actual cases of psychological counseling, described the college students' abnormal psychology case, analyzed the common correlation between college students abnormal psychology and his childhood experiences. The case study shows that the physical, psychological and social factors of the childhood experience make the university students vulnerable to the abnormal psychology.%本研究在心理咨询实际案例的基础上,对大学生异常心理采取个案研究的方式,通过描述异常心理大学生个案,进行分析,来呈现大学生常见异常心理与其童年经历的相关性,从而从个体异常心理史的角度更清晰地看到大学生心理异常的成因。本个案研究表明,童年经历的生理、心理和社会综合因素使得大学生对异常心理易感。

  17. Psychological Contract Violation and Repair of the University Library Volunteers%高校图书馆志愿者的心理契约违背修复研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱永武

    2015-01-01

    For the volunteers, the psychological contract will produce a significant impact on their voluntary behaviors. Based on the psychological contract’s violation development model, this paper sets up a repair model for university library volunteers’ psychological contract violation starting from the development paths and the influencing factors of their psychological contract violation for further improving the stability of the psychological contract and enhancing volunteers ’ sense of belonging and and group cohesion.%对于志愿者来说,心理契约对其志愿行为会产生很大影响。基于心理契约违背发展模型,从高校图书馆志愿者心理契约违背的发展路径和影响因素出发,构建了高校图书馆志愿者心理契约违背修复模型,以此来提高心理契约的稳定性,增强志愿者的归属感和组织凝聚力。

  18. 高校宿舍关系对大学生心理健康的影响%The Influence of Dormitory Interpersonal Relations on U-niversity Students' Psychological Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿俊杰

    2014-01-01

    从近几年高校发生的一系列案件,反映出宿舍关系在大学生活学习中的重要性。本文从积极和消极作用正反两个方面分析高校宿舍关系对大学生心理发展的重要影响,分析当前大学宿舍关系中存在的问题及心理原因,并提出将心理健康教育融入宿舍管理、完善朋辈咨询发挥宿舍长的作用、加强宿舍管理、美化宿舍环境等方面引导大学生正确处理宿舍关系,提高心理健康水平。%A series of cases occurring in recent years reflect the im-portance of dormitory interpersonal relations in university stu-dents' living and learning. This paper analyzes the important in-fluence of dormitory interpersonal relations on university stu-dents' psychological health from both positive and negative as-pects, analyzes the current problems existing in university stu-dents' dormitory interpersonal relations and the psychological reasons, and proposes some measures to guide university students to correctly handle dormitory interpersonal relations and improve their psychological health. The measures are integrating psycho-logical health education into dormitory management, perfecting peer counseling and giving play to the dormitory head's role, en-hancing dormitory management, and beautifying dormitory envi-ronment.

  19. 基于大学生心理特点的宿舍文化构建策略研究%Research on Dormitory Culture Construction Strategy Based on the Cherecteristics of the University Student’s Psychological

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋红真

    2013-01-01

    本文从当代大学生的心理特点出发,把高校思想政治工作和宿舍文化建设联系起来,对高校宿舍文化构建策略进行论述,旨在促进大学生的全面发展、健康成长。%This article from the contemporary university students' psychological characteristics, the ideological and political work in the dorm culture construction and the combination of university dormitory culture construction strategies discussed, aims to promote the comprehensive development of students, healthy growth.

  20. Analysis of psychodrama in the university students’ psychological health education application%对心理情景剧在大学生心理健康教育选修课中应用的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄阳

    2014-01-01

    This paper integrates psychodrama into university students’ psychological health education, consequently;it acquires satisfied results in terms of improving university students’ mental health as well as enriching atmosphere of the class.%本文旨在探索如何把心理情景剧和大学生心理健康教育有机地融合到一起,这一举措在促进大学生心理健康水平和活跃课堂氛围等方面,收到了令人满意的效果。

  1. 浅谈《精神卫生法》对高校心理咨询中心工作影响%Discussion on Influence of Mental Health Law on the Psychological Counseling Center in University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑亚楠; 龚茜

    2014-01-01

    In order to investigate the influence of Mental Health Law on the work of psychological counseling center in university , the actual situation in the psychological counseling center in university and base on the literature research , this text discusses from positive and negative aspects and puts forward the countermeasures, to provide a basis for carrying out the mental health education of uollege students. And the psychological counseling center in university should adjust the work according to Mental Health Law.%为探讨《精神卫生法》的实施对高校心理咨询中心工作开展带来的影响,通过文献研究并根据高校心理咨询中心工作的实际情况,从积极和消极两个方面进行相应的讨论并提出对策,旨在为未来高校心理健康工作改革提供参考意见。同时,高校心理咨询中心应根据《精神卫生法》调整工作重心。

  2. 在校大学生精神疾病的危机预防与转介研究%Research on the Crisis Prevention and Referral of Enrolled University Students with Psychological Diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄成; 李桦

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, there is an increasing number of cases involving university students' psychological diseases, so it is cru-cial that we should timely check and find the university students who are probably suffering from psychological diseases, so as to well implement the crisis prevention for them in psychological counseling, and various departments of universities should work together to unblock the channels of referral, so as to introduce them to relevant medical institutions. Bu there are still some problems in the work, needing further investigation and research as well as mechanism perfection in order to ensure the effective-ness.%近年大学生精神疾病的案例不断增加,及时排查发现疑似精神疾病的大学生,并在心理咨询、院系辅导过程中做好危机预防,学校多部门联合成立通畅的转介渠道,最短时间将其转介至相关医疗机构诊治对在校精神疾病学生的治疗和康复至关重要.但在此工作中还存在着一些问题,有待于进一步调查研究,完善机制,确保实效.

  3. 公安院校女生心理压力分析及调节策略研究%A Study on Psychological Pressure Analyses of Girls and Adjustment Strategies in Public Security colleges and universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨恒毅

    2012-01-01

      As the reserve police officers of the People’s Republic of China, girls in public security colleges and universities shoulder the great task of national public security career development while girls are much easier than boys under the influence of psychological pressures caused by their physiological and psychological factors. Whether we can effectively help girls eliminate their psychological pressures and make them keep healthy in body and mind will directly affect the qualities of the future police groups. This article analyzed girls’ psychological pressures from the policing management model, study pressures and employment pressures, and further put forward some countermeasures to help girls in public security colleges and universities to accept psychological counseling so as to ease psychological pressures and maintain psychological health by strengthening communication, building a learning environment and enhancing psychological guidance, etc..%  公安院校女生作为共和国的预备警官,承载着祖国公安事业发展的重任,而女性特殊的生理心理因素,使她们较男性更容易受到心理压力的侵扰,所以能否有效帮助公安院校女生疏导心理压力,保持身心健康将直接影响到未来警察群体的素质。本文主要从警务化管理产生的压力、学业压力和就业压力三方面对公安院校女生所面临的压力进行了剖析,并提出通过加强沟通交流、营造学习氛围、加强心理辅导等措施来帮助公安院校女生进行心理疏导,排解心理压力,保持心理健康。

  4. 团体咨询在大学生就业心理辅导中的应用%The Application of Group Counseling in the Employment Psychological Counseling of University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈元鲲

    2014-01-01

    Higher education maintains a rapid growth in recent years, leading to an increasing number of graduates, so the em-ployment competition is increasingly severe, but whether univer-sity students can successfully find jobs relates to social harmony and stability. University students' employment psychology is the inner reason influencing their employment. During university pe-riod, university students mostly take part in group activities, and they pay more attention to their contemporaries' views, which creates their strong willing of interpersonal communication and participation in group activities. Therefore, group counseling has incomparable advantages. Through analyzing the current situation of university students' psychological problems in employment and the status of group counseling application, this paper further ex-plored the application of group counseling in solving university students' psychological problems in employment, which is of im-portant theoretical and practical significance to the perfection of university students' psychological health education, the promotion of their successful and full employment, and the construction of a harmonious society.%近年来,高等教育保持了高速增长,毕业生数量日益增长,就业竞争愈加激烈,大学生能否顺利、充分就业关系到社会和谐稳定。大学生就业心理是影响其就业的重要内在原因。大学生在校期间多以团体为单位活动,更重视同龄人的看法,大学生有较强的人际交往意愿,乐于参与团体。因此,团体咨询具有不可比拟的优点。本文通过分析当前大学生就业心理问题、团体咨询的应用现状,进一步探索团体咨询在解决大学生就业心理问题中的应用,对于完善大学生心理健康教育,促进其顺利、充分就业,对于构建和谐社会具有重要的理论和实践意义。

  5. 高校家庭经济困难学生心理困境的成因和疏解%The Cause and Solution to Psychological Difficultiesof Family Economic Difficulties Students in Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪菲; 蒋鹏翔

    2015-01-01

    高校家庭经济困难学生作为高校中的特殊群体,他们经济困难、存在地域差异,接受的教育资源匮乏,这些因素容易使他们走入心理困境,尽管各高校都建立了多元化的资助政策体系,但物质上的扶助并不能根本解决心理上的困境。因此,本文从心理角度出发,研究心理困境形成的原因,提出策略帮助家庭经济困难学生走出心理困境,学会自我调适,保持身心健康。%Family economic difficulties students in colleges and universities as a special group,the factors of economic difficul-ties,regional differences and lack of education resources make them in the psychological delima.Although universities have es-tablished diversified financing policy system,material aids cannot fundamentally solve their psychological dilemma.Therefore, this article studies the causes of the formation of psychological difficulties from the psychological perspective,and puts forward the strategy to help family economic difficulties students out of psychological trouble,learn to self adjustment,maintain physical and mental health.

  6. Un estudio sobre perfeccionismo en estudiantes universitarios argentinos: resultados preliminares en estudiantes de Psicología A study on perfectionism in argentine university students: preliminary outcomes on Psychology students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernán Guido Arana

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El perfeccionismo ha sido asociado a problemas clínicos y a malestar psicológico, siendo el concepto de discrepancia representativo del aspecto disfuncional del mismo. Este estudio se propone determinar los perfiles de perfeccionismo en estudiantes argentinos de Psicología y analizar la relación entre discrepancia, malestar y bienestar psicológico. 85 estudiantes de Psicología completaron una serie de instrumentos psicométricos evaluándose: perfeccionismo (Almost Perfect Scale-Revised, bienestar psicológico (Inventario de Calidad de Vida Percibida, Escala de Bienestar Psicológico y malestar psicológico (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Formas Y-I, Y-II, Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition. Resultados: Completaron la evaluación 82 estudiantes; 44 (54% obtienen un perfil de perfeccionismo, que se desagrega en adaptativo (N=18; 21,9% y desadaptativo (N=26; 31,7%. La variable discrepancia se asocia significativamente a las variables estudiadas en la dirección esperada: altas correlaciones positivas (p valor ,01 con variables ligadas al malestar psicológico y negativas con variables relativas al bienestar psicológico (p valor ,01.Perfectionism has been associated to clinical problems and psychological distress, being the concept of discrepancy representative of its maladaptive aspect. The aim of this study is to determine the perfectionism profiles of Argentine Psychology students and to analyze the relationship between discrepancy, psychological distress and psychological well-being. 85 university students of Psychology have completed several psychometric instruments evaluating: perfectionism (Almost Perfect Scale Revised, psychological well-being (Inventario de Percepción de Calidad de Vida -ICV; Escala de Bienestar Psicológico and psychological distress (State- Trait Anxiety Inventory. Forms Y-I,Y-II, Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition. Results: 82 students completed the evaluation; 44 (54% obtain a perfectionism profile

  7. The Investigation and Thinking of Present Status of University Counselors’ Psychological Counseling Ability---Take some universities in jiangxi for example%高校辅导员心理疏导能力现状调查与思考--以江西部分高校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟

    2016-01-01

    The Author takes counselors in some universities of jiangxi province as the subjects , by using the questionnaire survey and the interview to invest the present status of university counselors ’ psychological counseling ability .The result shows that:the vast majority of colleges and counselors realize the importance and necessity of psychological counseling in the student work .However , the psychological counseling related knowledge and skills to master degree and application lev -el are big differences .There are significant differences among the counselor ’ s psychological counseling of different levels of colleges and universities .The training experience and the importance of school has a significant influence to the college counselor’s psychological counseling ability .We should take corresponding countermeasures to improve the ability of col-lege counselor's psychological counseling .%以江西省内部分高校的辅导员为被试,采用问卷调查法、访谈法对其心理疏导能力的现状进行了调查。结果显示:绝大多数院校和辅导员认识到心理疏导在学生工作中的重要性和必要性,而心理疏导相关知识和技能的掌握程度和应用能力则良莠不齐。不同层次高校辅导员的心理疏导能力存在显著差异;培训经历及学校的重视程度对高校辅导员的心理疏导能力有显著影响;应该采取相应的对策来提高高校辅导员的心理疏导能力。

  8. 艺术类高校图书馆与大学生心理健康教育——音乐心理治疗研究%Art University Library and University Students' Psychological Health Education:Research on Music Psychotherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘江萍

    2011-01-01

    音乐心理疗法是通过音乐来寻求解决心理问题的办法,缓解或消除心理疾患,促进身心健康的一种辅助心理治疗方法,在促进大学生心理健康方面具有很多其他疗法和技术所没有的一定优势.通过对各类音乐文献的音乐心理疗效分析,结合艺术类高校图书馆丰富的馆藏音乐文献资源优势开展音乐心理疗法,并提出在艺术类高校图书馆实施音乐心理疗法的具体策略.%Music psychotherapy is the psychological treatment method of finding solutions to psychological problems through music to relieve or eliminate mental disorders and promote health of body and mind. Compared to many other therapy and technique, music psychotherapy has certain advantages on promoting university students' psychological health. The specific strategies of implement music psychotherapy in art university library are put forward through analyzing music psychological effect of various music literatures, and carrying out music psychotherapy combined with advantages of rich music literature resources of art university library.

  9. Psychological Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IBS Pain IBS Global Treatments IBS Diet Low FODMAP Diet Complimentary or Alt Treatments Medications Psychological Treatments ... IBS Pain IBS Global Treatments IBS Diet Low FODMAP Diet Complimentary or Alt Treatments Medications Psychological Treatments ...

  10. Conservation Psychology: A Gap in Current Australian Undergraduate Psychology Education?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elissa Pearson

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Human actions have contributed to numerous environmental challenges, including climate change and a significant loss of the world’s biodiversity. As the scientific study of human thought and behaviour, psychology has much to offer in better understanding these issues, as well as fostering greater sustainability in human actions. Yet, despite this recognition, and increasing calls from leaders in psychology education to produce graduates capable of applying their disciplinary knowledge to such real-world issues to solve worldwide behaviourally-based problems; this may not be adequately addressed in current psychology training. The present study assessed the content of all APAC (Australian Psychology Accreditation Council approved psychology programs within Australia to determine the proportion which offered a psychology-focused course (unit specifically in conservation or sustainability. Based on the data advertised through each university website, it appears that only one of 39 programs currently offers such a course, with one other university implementing a conservation psychology course in 2013. Thus 95% of current APAC-accredited programs in Australia do not have a strong focus on training psychology graduates to contribute to addressing these important issues. The need for greater integration of conservation psychology content into undergraduate psychology education in Australia and beyond is discussed.

  11. The Neuropsychology of Imagery Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    Minnesota Department of Psychology Minneapolis MN 55455 Auburn University Auburn AL 36849 Dr Steven Pinker Department of Psychology Dr Dennis R...KlahrPsycholoo 01j-t t Departnt PsUniversity " lis Car"""ie ro]l 9Unt; ,rtya Athens - 1ttsbur. 13 Or Steven W. KIele Dr Stuart T" capPsychology Oepartrent...Albuquerque NN 97131 New York NY 10027 Dr Steven Grossberg Dr Howard Hock SO Hyde Street Department of PsychologyNewton Highland MA 02161 Florida

  12. Discursive Psychology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Molder, te H.

    2015-01-01

    Discursive psychology was established in the United Kingdom by the end of the 1980s, mainly in response to the dominant cognitivist approach in social psychology. While it borrowed notions from poststructuralism and sociology of science, it is most akin to conversation analysis. Discursive psycholog

  13. Positive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Christopher

    2009-01-01

    Positive psychology is a deliberate correction to the focus of psychology on problems. Positive psychology does not deny the difficulties that people may experience but does suggest that sole attention to disorder leads to an incomplete view of the human condition. Positive psychologists concern themselves with four major topics: (1) positive…

  14. 优化高校艺术类师生心理环境导向策略探析%Optimizing the Orientation of the Psychological Environment of University Art Students and Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩晖

    2015-01-01

    Based on some fundamental psychological and mental needs of university art students and teachers, this paper analyzed the causes and current status and explored the positive effects and influence of optimizing the orientation of the psychological environment. Based on the above analysis, the author tried to find out the differences and similarities between their basic psychological needs and the teaching process, and then, presented some strategies for the building of a healthy psychological atmosphere for art students and teachers.%本文针对艺术类师生及教学管理中存在的重要心理及精神需求等问题,分析症由及现状,探索进行心理环境优化导向的积极作用与影响,同时根据艺术类师生的特殊性心理环境特点,充分寻求其基本心理诉求与教学环节之间的差异性和共通性,并加以理论梳理,提出关于针对艺术类师生内、外部健康心理环境形成的导向策略。

  15. 高校特困生心理障碍的解决对策研究%Research on Countermeasures of Overcoming University Poverty-stricken Students' Psychological Obstacles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春霞

    2014-01-01

    特困生已成为高校的一个特殊群体,本文结合实践,从多层面分析特困生的思想和心理特点,存在的心理障碍的原因,并提出了解决特困生心理障碍的一些可行方法。建立特困生保障机制,加强思想政治工作,组织社会实践,进行心理健康教育是解决特困生心理障碍的有效途径。%Poverty-stricken students have become a special group in universities. Combined with practice, this paper, from multiple angles, analyzes the ideological and psychological characteristics of poverty-stricken students and the causes of their psychological obstacles, and then proposes some feasible measures of overcom-ing poverty-stricken students' psychological obstacles, including establishing a guarantee system for poverty-stricken students, strengthening their ideological and political work, organizing so-cial practice, and carrying out psychological health education.

  16. The Importance and Optimization Strategies of Psychological Capital Management of University Teachers%高校教师心理资本管理的重要性及优化策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金军; 潘莹

    2015-01-01

    Psychological capital is an important immaterial capital, which brings great drive to individual attitudes and behaviors. The paper introduces the psychological capital research paradigm, mechanism and research status of teacher's psychological capital, analyzes the importance of psychological capital management of university teachers and advances optimization strategies from the perspective of organizational management.%心理资本是一项重要的非物质资本,能够对个体态度和行为产生巨大的驱动力。文章介绍了心理资本的范式研究、作用机理和教师心理资本的研究现状,分析了高校教师心理资本管理的重要性,进而从组织管理的角度提出对高校教师心理资本管理的一些优化策略。

  17. Prevalence and Psychological Characterization of Smoking ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methods: The questionnaire based study was conducted amongst university students in Abbottabad,. Pakistan during ... Keywords: Psychology, Smoking, Health, Withdrawal symptoms, Counseling. Tropical Journal of ... EXPERIMENTAL.

  18. 生命教育在高校心理危机干预的实践探讨%Practice and Discussion of Life Education of Psychological Crisis Intervention in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙艳

    2012-01-01

    In recent years,colleges and universities psychological crisis incidents which denied life and injuried creatures happened frequently,the students' life values education had been payed attention increasingly,life education practice will become important orientation in colleges and universities psychological crisis intervention education reform.Psychological intervention education must attach importance to life education and student's inner subjectivity development,and guide students to understand life,enjoy life,respect life,create the value of life.%近几年,否定生命、伤害生灵的高校心理危机事件频发,学生的生命价值观教育日益受到关注,生命教育的实践将成为高校心理危机干预教育改革的重要取向。心理危机干预的教育必须重视生命教育,重视学生的内在主体性发展,引导学生认识生命、欣赏生命、尊重生命、创造生命价值。

  19. Analysis on Factors Affecting Freshmen's Psychological Health in Art Colleges and Universities%影响艺术院校新生心理健康的因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周莹莹

    2014-01-01

    艺术院校新生面临着新的环境、老师和同学,大多数新生心理准备不足,因此普遍存在一些不适应,并带来心理上的困惑和问题。本文拟对影响艺术院校新生心理健康的因素进行分析,并提出加强新生心理健康辅导与教育的建议。%Freshmen of art colleges and universities are faced with new environment, teachers and classmates, and most of them lack psychological preparation, so inadaptability is a common phenomenon which brings about psychological confusions and problems. This paper analyzed the factors affecting freshmen's psychological health in art colleges and universities, and proposed suggestions on enhancing the psycholo gical health counseling and education of freshmen.

  20. Research on University Teachers’Psychological Contract Violation and Intervention Based on Stakeholder%基于利益相关者的高校教师心理契约违背及干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晗; 高山

    2015-01-01

    心理契约违背是指组织违背心理契约后员工产生的一种强烈的情绪反应。高校教师心理契约管理作为高校教师管理的一部分,影响着学校的可持续发展。运用利益相关者的理论研究了高校利益相关者各方的利益诉求,根据已有的研究资料构建了心理契约违背及其干预理论模型,从心理期望、工作绩效、组织承诺、工作参与、工作满意度、组织文化与社会环境角度来探究对教师心理契约违背的影响,并在此基础上提出通过充分沟通、绩效反馈、归因管理、构建信任,可以降低教师违背情绪,从而更好地促进高校教师心理契约的履行。%Psychological contract violation refers to the short-term and relatively intense feelings that are often experienced when an employee believes that the organization has violated the psychological contract. Psychological contract management of university teachers,as a part of teacher management in colleges and universities,influences the sustainable development of the school. Based on stake-holder theory,this article researched the interest requirements of universities stakeholders. According to the existing research data,the article built a model exploring the impact of teachers’psychological contract violation from the psychological expectations,job performance,organizational commitment, job involvement,job satisfaction,organizational culture and the social environment angle. And on this basis,we also put forward that through full communication,performance feedback,attribution man-agement,build trust,teachers’feelings of violation can be reduced and the university teachers’psy-chological contract fulfillment can be promoted better.

  1. Discursive social psychology now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Ian

    2012-09-01

    This paper reviews the progress of discourse-analytic approaches in social psychology from the late 1980s to the present day, with a particular focus on the way conceptual and methodological contributions from within the Discourse and Rhetoric Group at Loughborough University have negotiated a positive role for innovative studies of language in the discipline of psychology. Social psychology has become a key site for the accumulation of a series of empirical studies that have seen the flourishing of a distinctive form of 'discursive social psychology' that has succeeded in moving from the margins of the discipline to a more accepted position. The paper traces this trajectory of discourse analysis from the limits to the centre of social psychology attending to five features that now characterise its contribution to psychology; an emphasis on everyday conversation, a concern with interpersonal interaction, explication of formal sequences; an insistence on empirical claims; and fidelity to the ethos of its host discipline. The paper concludes with some comments on the wider context of this new approach inside psychology today.

  2. Discursive and scientific psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Derek

    2012-09-01

    I begin with the origins of Loughborough University's Discourse and Rhetoric Group (DARG), and in particular discursive psychology (DP). Rather than attempting to summarize DP, versions of which are plentiful, the article attempts to clarify various relationships and tensions between DP and other kinds of social psychology, particularly experimental. Common sense psychology is defined as DP's topic rather than rival; the aim is to study how people deploy everyday psychological notions and manage psychological business within talk and text, and what they accomplish by such deployments, rather than trying, as experimental psychology is often characterized as doing, to replace it all with something purportedly better. Claims for DP being particularly interpretative rather than scientific are rejected, by appeal to an 'interpretative gap' between phenomena, data, analysis, and conclusions that all research must manage, that gap being often much larger in quantitative and experimental work. The importance of pursuing causal explanations of psychological phenomena is questioned, and the importance asserted, of discovering, through rigorous empirical and conceptual analysis, the normative bases of human conduct and accountability.

  3. Exploration on the Mode of Psychological Health Educa-tion for Poverty-stricken University Students from the Perspective of Positive Psychology%积极心理学视阈下高校贫困生心理健康教育模式探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛莹莹

    2015-01-01

    在积极心理健康教育理念的带领下,追寻高校贫困生真诚、热爱学习、勤于思考、热情高涨和克己的积极心理品质,从而探究出高校贫困生心理健康教育新型模式。新型模式有三个方面的维度。首先,从主观层面来说,学习心理学知识,了解自我,悦纳自我,培养贫困生积极的主观体验。其次,从个人层面来说,宣传积极的心理品质,培育感染更多的贫困生,形成健康的人格。最后,从群体层面来说,构架积极的组织系统,形成团体激励氛围,促进学生全面发展。%Guided by the concept of positive psychological health education, the writer explores poverty-stricken university stu-dents' positive psychological qualities, including honesty, loving learning, diligence in thinking, enthusiasm and self-control, in order to find a new mode of psychological health education for poverty-stricken university students. The new mode contains three dimensions. The first is the subjective level, that is, learning psychological knowledge, learning about themselves and accept-ing themselves, and cultivating their positive psychological expe-rience. The second is the individual level, that is, publicizing positive psychological qualities among more poverty-stricken u-niversities, thus forming healthy personality. The last is the com-munity level, meaning that a positive organizational structure should be constructed, so as to form group stimulation atmo-sphere and promote students' comprehensive development.

  4. 高校心理健康团体训练体系建构初探%A Preliminary Approach to the Construction of University Psychological Health Group Training System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高媛媛

    2014-01-01

    Faced with the current situation of university students' psychological health and personality development, this research designed targeted group training course system including leader-ship training, developmental training, and corrective training, which will be implemented through the forms of peer counseling and group counseling, aiming to help students acquire physical and psychological health and personality development.%面对当下高校大学生的心理健康与人格发展的现状,本研究有针对性地设计了包括领导力训练、发展性训练与矫正性训练在内的团体训练课程体系,通过朋辈辅导与团体辅导的形式展开的团体训练旨在帮助学生获得身心健康与人格发展。

  5. Relationships between Myers-Briggs type indicator measure of psychological type and neo measure of big five personality factors in Polish University students: a preliminary cross-cultural comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobacyk, Jerome J; Livingston, Mary M; Robbins, James E

    2008-10-01

    English-language versions of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (Form G) measure of psychological type and the NEO-FFI measure of the Big Five personality factors were completed by 57 Polish university students fluent in the English language. The pattern of correlations between MBTI and NEO-FFI scales for the Polish sample was compared to the pattern of correlations for measures of these same constructs reported for Americans. Four of the five significant relationships between MBTI and NEO-FFI scales reported in the American sample were also recorded in the Polish sample: MBTI Extraversion-Introversion with NEO Extraversion, MBTI Sensing-Intuition and MBTI Judging-Perceiving with NEO-Openness, and MBTI Judging-Perceiving with NEO Conscientiousness. Pending replication with a larger, more representative sample, this preliminary study supports the validity of psychological type in Polish society.

  6. An Application Study on the Positive Psychology in the Ideological and Political Education in Universities%积极心理学在高校思想政治教育中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高魁; 刘康

    2014-01-01

    The positive psychology, which studies primarily how college students experience positive emotions and establish positive personality traits with a positive social environment, provides a new perspective for the college ideological and political education, Based on an overview of positive psychology, the characteristics of students’ own psychology and the college ideological and political education, the paper believes that it is necessary to carry out the work of ideological and political education under the guidance of positive psychology, and analyze the application effect and enlightenment thinking of the positive psychology in the ideological and political education in universities in order to do a better job in students’ ideological and political education.%积极心理学主要研究大学生如何体验积极情感、建构积极人格特质和积极的社会环境,为高校思想政治教育工作提供了新视角。基于积极心理学的概况,结合高校大学生思想政治教育工作特点及学生自身的心理特点,以积极心理学为指导切实开展大学生思想政治教育工作,分析积极心理学在高校大学生思想政治教育中的应用效果及启示思考,以便更好地做好大学生思想政治教育工作。

  7. Analysis of the psychological status in relation to employment among undergraduates of the Capital Medical University%首都医科大学本科毕业生就业心理状况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜连连; 陈艳伟; 吴巍

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查首都医科大学校本部本科毕业生的就业心理现状,分析影响学生就业心理健康的因素,以便提出改善措施,促进学生心理健康.方法 编制毕业生就业心理调查问卷,采用匿名自填问卷调查方式,分层整群抽样调查首都医科大学校本部6个学院的应届本科毕业生的就业心理现状,运用t检验、秩和检验等统计学方法进行数据分析.结果 被调查人群38.5%感到就业压力大,并且不同学院、不同基础心理状况、就业目标不同的学生就业心理压力大小有差异,就业压力对学生生活的影响较大.结论 首都医科大学本科毕业生就业问题突出,加强学生就业指导,促进学生就业心理健康非常必要.%Objective To improve students' psychological health related to job hunting through an investigation into the psychological status of undergraduates in Capital Medical University. Methods We compiled a questionnaire, the importance of the survey to the respondents, applied the anonymous method, and asked them to fill the forms. The sampling method we took was stratified cluster sampling, in selected six classes from six schools to investigate the psychological status of students, then we analyzed the data by using T test and nonparametric test methods. Results The survey showed that, 38. 5% respondents suffered severe psychological pressure, which has negative influence on students' normal life. Students in different schools with different basic psychological status and different goals had different levels of pressure. Conclusion Undergraduates in this university have severe psychological pressure and some of them are bothered by job hunting.

  8. Psychological empowerment: issues and illustrations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, M A

    1995-10-01

    Discussed several issues related to psychological empowerment. The thesis of this paper is that the development of a universal and global measure of psychological empowerment may not be a feasible or appropriate goal. I begin by distinguishing between empowerment processes and outcomes. Underlying assumptions are discussed including the notion that empowerment differs across people, contexts, and times. A nomological network that includes intrapersonal, interactional, and behavioral components is also presented. Two examples of psychological empowerment for voluntary service organization members and members of a mutual help organization are described to help illustrate differences in the specific variables that may be used to measure psychological empowerment in different populations and settings.

  9. The Magic of Psychology in Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fendler, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    Educational psychology is a curricular requirement for most teacher preparation programs in the world. Knowledge of educational psychology is assessed on examinations for teacher licensure in most jurisdictions, and understanding of psychology is assumed to be indispensible for effective teaching at all levels. Traditional university-based…

  10. The Magic of Psychology in Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fendler, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    Educational psychology is a curricular requirement for most teacher preparation programs in the world. Knowledge of educational psychology is assessed on examinations for teacher licensure in most jurisdictions, and understanding of psychology is assumed to be indispensible for effective teaching at all levels. Traditional university-based…

  11. The Implement of Psychological Debriefing after Crisis in University%高校危机事件后团体心理抒压的实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑小方

    2011-01-01

    高校在建立心理危机预警机制的前提下,形成一种行之有效的危机事后团体心理抒压模式也非常必要,它能有效减少危机事件产生的不良影响,促进学生健康成长。%Under the premise of building psychological crisis pre-warning mechanism,it's very necessary to form an effective psychological debriefing,which can reduce the negative effects of crisis,and promote the healthy growth of students.

  12. Intentionality and Narrativity in Phenomenological Psychological ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Christopher R Stones

    analysis, all self-clarification of consciousness that finds its ...... Giorgi, A. (2009). The descriptive phenomenological method in psychology: A modified Husserlian approach. ... University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.

  13. Hydrogeologic framework, arsenic distribution, and groundwater geochemistry of the glacial-sediment aquifer at the Auburn Road landfill superfund site, Londonderry, New Hampshire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degnan, James R.; Harte, Philip T.

    2013-01-01

    Leachate continues to be generated from landfills at the Auburn Road Landfill Superfund Site in Londonderry, New Hampshire. Impermeable caps on the three landfills at the site inhibit direct infiltration of precipitation; however, high water-table conditions allow groundwater to interact with landfill materials from below, creating leachate and ultimately reducing conditions in downgradient groundwater. Reducing conditions can facilitate arsenic transport by allowing it to stay in solution or by liberating arsenic adsorbed to surfaces and from geologic sources, such as glacial sediments and bedrock. The site occupies a 180-acre parcel of land containing streams, ponds, wetlands, and former gravel pits located in glacial sediment. Four areas, totaling 14 acres, including three landfills and one septage lagoon, were used for waste disposal. The site was closed in 1980 after volatile organic compounds associated with industrial waste dumping were detected. The site was added to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency National Priority List in 1982, and the landfills were capped in 1996. Although volatile organic compound concentrations in groundwater have declined substantially, some measurable concentrations remain. Temporally variable and persistent elevated arsenic concentrations have been measured in groundwater affected by the landfill leachate. Microbial consumption of carbon found in leachate is a driver of reducing conditions that liberate arsenic at the site. In addition to sources of carbon in landfill leachate, wetland areas throughout the site also could contribute carbon to groundwater, but it is currently unknown if any of the wetland areas have downward or reversing gradients that could allow the infiltration of surface water to groundwater. Red-stained sediments and water indicate iron-rich groundwater discharge to surface water and are also associated with elevated concentrations of arsenic in sediment and groundwater. Ironrich groundwater seeps have

  14. A Comparative Study on the Differences of the Sense of Psychological Pressure on Hunan University Students%湖南省高校大学生心理压力感差异的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚勋; 徐远超

    2011-01-01

    Based on the Thermometer for Psychological Pressure of University Students, a survey of the university students from 22 universities in Hunan Province has been conducted and the conclusions are as follows: generally, the students' ability to resist psychological pressure is at a relatively low level. Male students are more sensitive than female ones in terms of general stress, personal psychological stress and social and environmental stress; students in the fourth year have the biggest pressure, followed by students in the second year; minor differences only lie in stress of love and sense of inferiority between students from different types of universities; students of different majors have different sense of social and environmental stress; students in science and engineering are more capable to resist social and environmental stress, adaptable stress, emotional stress and stress of employment than that in other majors. Furthermore, students from rural areas suffer more from personal psychological pressure than those from urban areas.%借助《大学生心理压力感量表》对湖南省22所高校高校大学生进行调查,发现湖南省高校大学生总体心理压力感处于较低压力水平;男生的总体压力感、个人自身心理压力感、社会环境压力感都非常显著地高于女生;大四学生心理压力感压力最大,其次是大二年级学生;不同类型高校大学生心理压力感的差异仅表现在恋爱压力和自卑压力两个因子上;不同专业大学生心理压力感在社会环境心理压力感上存在显著差异,理工科在社会环境压力、适应压力、择业压力、情绪压力方面高于其他专业学生;农村来源大学生的个人自身心理压力感高于城镇来源大学生。

  15. 积极心理学理念下的高校助学帮困工作新探%The New Exploration into the Assistance Work in University for Needy Students with Positive Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓婷

    2015-01-01

    积极心理学注重探索人的积极力量,着重研究人的积极体验、积极品质和积极的社会制度。高校助学帮困工作面临着贷款工作“催款难、还款难”的困境,以及贫困学生的心理、学业困境有待解决的问题,而积极心理学能够给助学帮困工作带来解决的方法与措施:贫困生“导生制”引导学生在朋辈教育中形成积极体验;个性化教育针对不同的学生分别教育,培养每个贫困生独特的积极品质;目标分层培养模式促进学校形成积极的教育环境。%Positive psychology is a study that pays attention to the positive power of humanity, and mainly studies the positive experi-ence, quality of human beings and the positive social system.During the assistance work in university for needy students, we have to face the loan troubles that it is very difficult to call students’ loan and let them give the repayment.Meanwhile, how to help the poor students out of psychological and academic difficulties is also a trouble.The significance and methods of the assistance work in univer-sity for needy students can be got from lessons of the concepts of positive psychology.Under the concepts of positive psychology, the monitorial system for poor students can guide them to form a positive experience in peer education, the unique positive quality of each poor student can be cultivated by individualized education which focuses on different education for different students, and the positive university education environment also can be promoted by the training mode of multi-level target.These measures which is of help ed-ucation significance for poor students can not only inspire educators to carry on the positive education for poor students, but also help the problems of the assistance work in university for needy students to be solved.

  16. Psychological Empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Flohrer, Nick

    2014-01-01

    Instilling psychological empowerment in employees is one of the most important tasks of modern leadership. Building on quantitative research and the development of a new psychometric scale related to project management this thesis shows: First, individuals' characteristics and their work team environment influence perceptions of access to information and resources – two important antecedents of psychological empowerment. Second, while a project briefing strengthens the link of the psychologic...

  17. The Psychological Characteristic of Gratitude-Evidence from University Students%大学生“知恩图报”的心理反应特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒲清平; 朱丽萍

    2012-01-01

    Gratitude is a muhiple social cognition, which results from the positive cognition and emotion one feels when another person intentionally gives, or attempts to give something of value. The current study used a behavioral test to explore individuals" reaction in consciousness, emotion and behavior, aiming to investigate the psychological mechanism of gratitude. As paid volunteers, 52 undergraduates (28 males, 24 females, mean age = 22) from Chongqing University participated in the ex- periment. The subjects were randomly assigned in either gratitude condition or non - gratitude condition, and were instructed to partici- pate in a lucky draw game online. Every three subjects were assigned to a group. They chose one circle of the four which appear on the computer screen in turn, then obtained the number which the circle represented. The number was either positive or negative. Their re- ward depended on the total number they got in the whole game. If oneg score came to zero, he would be required to quit this game and got nothing in return. In fact, 'all the numbers that the subjects got in the trials were arranged in advance. Besides the real subject, the other two in the same group were phony. During the game, the subjects experienced the same situation that their total scores became zero. However, one half of them received 10 scores from the phony "Zhang Changjun" who helped them to continue the game (grateful condition) ; the other half continue with this game by receiving 10 scores from the computer system ( ungrateful condition). The game continued until the helper Zhang Changjung score got to zero. Then, the system asked the subjects whether they would like to donate scores in order to help him finish this game, and the scores that the subjects gave to the benefactor were recorded. The gratitude consciousness was meas- ured 'after the subjects got 10 scores in different ways. Moreover, the emotion was tested when the subjects received the favor from the

  18. [Political psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resch, Mária; Bella, Tamás

    2013-04-21

    In Hungary one can mostly find references to the psychological processes of politics in the writings of publicists, public opinion pollsters, philosophers, social psychologists, and political analysts. It would be still important if not only legal scientists focusing on political institutions or sociologist-politologists concentrating on social structures could analyse the psychological aspects of political processes; but one could also do so through the application of the methods of political psychology. The authors review the history of political psychology, its position vis-à-vis other fields of science and the essential interfaces through which this field of science, which is still to be discovered in Hungary, connects to other social sciences. As far as its methodology comprising psycho-biographical analyses, questionnaire-based queries, cognitive mapping of interviews and statements are concerned, it is identical with the psychiatric tools of medical sciences. In the next part of this paper, the focus is shifted to the essence and contents of political psychology. Group dynamics properties, voters' attitudes, leaders' personalities and the behavioural patterns demonstrated by them in different political situations, authoritativeness, games, and charisma are all essential components of political psychology, which mostly analyses psychological-psychiatric processes and also involves medical sciences by relying on cognitive and behavioural sciences. This paper describes political psychology, which is basically part of social sciences, still, being an interdisciplinary science, has several ties to medical sciences through psychological and psychiatric aspects.

  19. Effect of Positive Psychology Elements on Job Pride and Honor with an Emphasis on Mediating Role of Communication among Faculty Members of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosein Kamani, Seyed Mohammad

    2017-01-01

    Job pride and honor is affected by various causes. Elements of positive psychology can be pointed out as one of them that in recent years has played an important role in organizational development. Hence, this study is to provide a prediction model about the impact of hope and resilience on job pride and honor with an emphasis on mediator role of…

  20. 新时期地方高校贫困生心理问题与心理疏导%Problems and Psychological Guidance to Money-less Students in Local University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾朝晖

    2012-01-01

      新时期地方高校贫困生由于经济上的窘迫及就业的无奈等,存在着较大的心理压力,其心理压力的社会成因包括素质教育的参差不齐,庸俗文化的负面影响与资助政策的不完善等方面。我们可依据心理疏导的原则,考虑各种不同情况,建立起具体的疏导模式,确定系统、有效的疏导对策。%  Economic distress and self-devalued psychology of interpersonal relationships and helpless of the employment have brought lots of psychological pressures and negative effects to poor students in local university in the new period. The social reasons of psychological pressure include inequality of quality education, negative effects of vulgar culture, increment of employment pressure, and shortage of funded, imperfect of financial policy and so on. Considering of several of conditions, counseling model is established according to the counseling principles and the effective countermeasures are proposed.

  1. 北京大学临床医学生心理压力现状及对策研究%Investigation on Psychological Stress among Clinical Students in Peking University and Its Countermeasure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐燚; 周庆环; 陈红; 王杉

    2011-01-01

    通过问卷调查的方式,对北京大学人民医院91名临床医学生心理压力现状及产生原因进行调查.结果显示,造成医学生心理压力的重要原因依次为学业课程负担重、择业压力以及医患关系紧张.从人本主义角度出发,应从社会、教育教学管理部门等多个层面入手采取措施,减轻医学生心理压力,培养其形成正确的职业观、择业观和医患观.%By questionnaire survey, we investigate the status of psychological stress among 91 medical students in the Peoples Hospital of Peking University. The result shows, the important reasons that bring about psychological stress to medical students are heavy academic course load, job - hunting pressure and tension between doctors and patients according to priority. Certain counterstrategies must be taken from the humanistic perspective on social, teaching management and other aspects to relieve the clinical students'psychological stress, cultivate their forming of correct concepts of career, job - hunting and doctor - patient relationship.

  2. 大学生心理危机及干预机制构建的思考%Relfection on University Students’ Psychological Crisis and the Construction of Intervening System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐景皓

    2015-01-01

    In recent years,the number of susceptible population for psychological crisis is on the rise, which highlights the necessity and urgency for psychological crisis intervention for university students. Study shows that such crisis can only be coped with by a scientific and systematic psychological crisis intervention mechanism,which will nip it in the bud, and ifnally guarantee the healthy growth of students.%近年来,心理危机的易感人群呈进一步扩大化趋势,这也凸显了对大学生进行心理危机干预的必要性和紧迫性。研究发现,只有建立起科学化、体系化的心理危机干预机制,才能有效应对大学生心理危机,将危机遏制于萌芽状态,以利于学生健康成长。

  3. A Study of the Application of Psychological Counseling in the Ideological and Political Education in Colleges and Universities%浅析心理咨询技能在高校思想政治教育中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪红艳

    2016-01-01

    心理咨询与思想政治教育是高校大学生工作中两个重要方面,两者既有区别,又有联系。将心理咨询的技能融入思想政治教育工作,既培养了大学生健康的心理和健全的人格,又解决大学生的思想问题,适应了高校全面提高人才素质的要求。%Psychological counseling and Ideological and Political Education, different yet related, are two important aspects in the student work in colleges and universities. The incorporation of psychological counseling skills into the ideological and political education work, not only cultivates healthy psychology and sound personality of college students, but also solves the ideological problems, meeting the social demand of the comprehensive improvement of the talents.

  4. Research on the Psychological Contract Violation and Reestablishment of University Librarians --Empirical Investigation and Analysis of University Librarians in Shaanxi Province%高校图书馆员心理契约违背与重建研究——陕西省高校图书馆员实证调研与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    井水

    2012-01-01

    图书馆2.0时代馆员心理契约有了新的内涵。通过对陕西省高校图书馆员的实证调研可知,影响馆员心理契约违背的变量包括组织支持感、领导一成员交换关系、组织政治行为和个体认知差异。从社会交换理论的角度构建馆员心理契约违背的嵌套模型,有助于提升高校图书馆员组织支持感,合理利用领导成员交换关系,减少组织公民政治行为,满足馆员个性化心理需求,重建馆员心理契约。%In the era of Lib2.0, the psychological contract of librarians has new connotations. The empirical investigation into university librarians in Shaanxi province shows that variables influencing the psychological contract violation of librarians include the perceived organizational support, the leader-member exchange relationship, the organizational political behavior, individual cognitive differences. Constructing the nested model of the psychological contract violation from the view of the social exchange theory contributes to promoting the perceived organizational support of university librarians, making use of the leader-member exchange relationship rationally, reducing the organizational political behavior, satisfying the personalized psychological demand, and reestablishing the psychological contract of librarians.

  5. Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staats, Arthur W.

    1994-01-01

    Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism. PMID:22478175

  6. Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staats, A W

    1994-01-01

    Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism.

  7. Psychological experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boven, Martijn; Emmanuel, Steven M.; McDonald, William; Stewart, Jon

    2015-01-01

    For Kierkegaard the ‘psychological experiment’ is a literary strategy. It enables him to dramatize an existential conflict in an experimental mode. Kierkegaard’s aim is to study the source of movement that animates the existing individual (this is the psychological part). However, he is not interest

  8. 高校心理委员队伍建设的思考%Reflection on Development of Commissary Team in Charge of Psychological Health in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周雅楠

    2015-01-01

    心理委员是师生之间的桥梁和纽带,这一群体在高校心理健康教育工作中发挥着不可小觑的作用。加强心理委员队伍建设不仅是高校开展心理健康教育工作的基础和保障,更是及时化解心理危机,构建和谐稳定校园的关键所在。%commissary in charge of psychological health acts as the bridge and link between teach-ers and students.They play a great role in mental health education in colleges and universities.So strengthen development of the commissary team not only lays the foundation for colleges and universities to carry out mental health education,but it can also help resolve psychological crisis,a key to establish harmonious and stable campus.

  9. 高校心理辅导员的角色要求与队伍建设%The Role Demands of Psychological Counselors in Colleges and Universities and Team Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国进

    2013-01-01

    目前,高校心理辅导员工作内容庞杂、工作方法偏于管教。然而,心理导员的角色要求其工作内容要专精、工作方法须注重引导。因此,为缓解矛盾,需从严格准入条件、明确工作职责、规范评价体系、加强专业培训、注重团队建设等方面着手,提高高校心理辅导员的队伍专业化水平。%At present, psychological counselors of universities deal with wide and miscellaneous work, stress manage and teach as their main working method as wel . However, the role itself calls for specialization of work content and guidance of work method. As a consequence, to relief the contradiction, some measures should be taken to improve the specialization of psychological counselors in universities such as restrict access conditions, clear job responsibilities, standardize evaluation system, strengthen professional training, stress team building and so on.

  10. Positive Effect of Sexual Psychology on Public Physical Education in Colleges and Universities%两性心理驱动大学公共体育教学效果的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱锋

    2014-01-01

    当代大学生时值智慧焕发时期,个体心理恰好脱离心理断乳期。在公共体育课堂教学中恰当运用两性心理相互驱动的发育规律,对大学生身体素质和运动能力的提高有重要意义。体育课中将青春期的朝气具有的兴奋和好奇心理给予恰当诱导,能使大学公共体育课堂教学的效果明显提高,对大学生体育教学将起到良性影响的作用。%Sincecollege students are becoming psychologically mature while developing intelligence,their physical fitness and sports capacity will be improved if the psychological attraction between two sexes is employed in physi-cal educationpractice in colleges and universities.The excitement and curiosity presented in adolescence,if properly manipulated in public physical education course could patently enhance the teaching effect of the course in colleges and universities,and have a positive impact on physical education of the students in general.

  11. Exposure to Family Violence, Perceived Psychological Adjustment of Parents, and the Development of Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms Among Palestinian University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haj-Yahia, Muhammad M; Bargal, David

    2015-10-01

    The article presents the results of a study on the relationship between exposure to (i.e., witnessing and experiencing) different patterns and types of family violence during childhood, during adolescence, and during young adulthood, on one hand, and adult post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), on the other. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1,969 Palestinian students using a self-administered questionnaire. The results reveal that the more the participants witnessed and experienced psychological aggression (PS) and physical violence (PH) in their families of origin, the more they exhibited PTSS. Furthermore, the results indicate that a significant amount of the variance in the participants' PTSS could be attributed to their exposure to family violence, over and above the amounts of variance that were explained by their sociodemographic characteristics and by their perceptions of their parents' psychological adjustment. The limitations of the study and implications for future research are discussed.

  12. Positive Health Psychology: An Interview with Shelley Taylor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rich, Grant Jewell

    2000-01-01

    Presents an interview with Shelley Taylor, a professor of Psychology at the University of California in Los Angles (California). Addresses topics such as how she became interested in psychology, the importance of health psychology in the curriculum, the ideal training for students in health psychology, and her work with "positive illusions." (CMK)

  13. Influence of Marital Relations of Parents on the Students'Psychological Quality in the Universities%父母婚姻关系对大学生心理素质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽芳; 王志波

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨父母的婚姻关系对大学生心理素质产生的影响。方法采用症状自评量表( SCL-90)、青少年生活事件量表( ASLEC)、应付方式问卷及自编的个人信息表,对519名大学生进行了调查。结果父母关系和谐的学生心理健康水平显著高于父母关系一般和不和的学生(F=5.106,P<0.01);父母关系不和的学生在总应激强度(F=5.955,P<0.01)、学习压力(F=5.648,P<0.01)、受惩罚(F=10.181,P<0.001)、丧失(F=3.384,P<0.05)因子上显著高于其他学生(包括离异家庭的学生),而父母关系和谐的学生应激强度最小;父母离异的大学生比其他学生更多地采取自责的方式,但不存在显著差异(P﹥0.05)。结论父母婚姻关系对大学生的心理素质有明显的影响,父母关系和谐是提高大学生心理素质的重要因素,而关系不和对培养大学生良好的心理素质危害最大。%Objective To investigate the influence of parents'marital relations on university students'psychological quality .Methods A total of 519 university students were evaluated with psychological health check list ( SCL -90 ) , adolescent self-rating life events check list(ASLEC),coping style questionnaire and self-designed personal information sheet .Results The students whose parents'rela-tionship were harmonious had a significantly higher level psychological health than those whose parents 'relationship were common or divi-sive(F=5.106,P<0.01).The students whose parents'relationship were divisive had significantly higher level stress intensity ,study pressure,paying the penalty and losing than others including the students whose parents were divorced (F=3.384~10.181,P<0.05). The stress intensity was smallest in the students whose parents'relationship was harmonious .The students whose parents were divorced used more self-accusation than others ,but there were

  14. 基于系统基模的我国高校教师心理健康问题分析及对策%Analysis on Psychological Health Problems of Teachers in Universities and Colleges Based on System Archetype

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周汉清; 蒋敏; 李丽清

    2016-01-01

    The psychological health of teachers in universities and colleges is one of the focuses of attention. According to the survey in recent years, it is well known that it is far beyond an optimistic prospect. Based on a lit-erature review, the paper analyzes the influencing factors from three aspects of the society, colleges and universi-ties, and teachers, and on this basis, with the system archetypes method of Peter Senge, builds up four archetypes of psychological health of teachers in universities and college. The paper makes a qualitative analysis, in order to lay a theoretical foundation for improving teachers' mental health.%高校教师的心理健康是人们关注的热点之一。近几年的调查发现,高校教师心理健康前景不容乐观。本文在大量阅读国内外文献的基础上,从社会、学校、教师三个层面分析影响高校教师心理健康的因素,并在此基础上借助彼得·圣吉的系统基模分析技术构建4个影响高校教师心里健康的系统基模,并进行定性分析,为改善高校教师心理健康状况提供理论依据。

  15. 基于积极心理学角度的高校就业教育调查研究%Research on employment education in colleges and universities based on the perspective of positive psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩燕燕; 黄阳华; 莫洪雄

    2013-01-01

    大学生就业事关毕业生切身利益和社会经济发展稳定,影响大学生成功就业的因素很多,其中,高校就业教育是不可忽视的因素。以积极心理学的角度分析和关注学生就业教育,探讨如何激发出学生对于就业现实的深刻认识和积极态度,避免在不利外部环境影响下学生就业心理与就业状况相互牵制陷入恶性循环,同时强调人性的积极性,研究和培养人固有的积极潜力、积极力量,使学生保持良好的就业心态并采取积极主动的就业行为。%The employment of university students is related to the immediate interests of graduates and social stability and economic development, factors affecting the successful employment of university students are so many, employment education in colleges and universities is a factor that can not be ignored. From the perspective of positive psychology to analyze and pay attention to students' employment education, discusses how to inspire students to understand the reality of employment and positive attitude, to avoid students' employment psychology and employment status of each other into a vicious spiral in the adverse external environment influence, also stress the enthusiasm of human nature, research and culture inherent positive potential and positive power, to enable students to maintain good attitude and take proactive employment behavior.

  16. 高师生性心理健康与其人格特质关系的实证研究%The Empirical Research on the Relationship of Personality Traits with Sex Psychological Health among Normal Students in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱虹; 刘延金; 龙雪娜

    2015-01-01

    The paper has investigated the sex psychological health of 1400 students from the six different normal universities. The results have indicated that there is a negative relationship between sex psychological health and personal traits. The level of psychological health will decrease due to the rise of level of psychological quality, which means that the higher the psychological personality score is, the lower the psychological health level is. Therefore, psychological quality can predict the situation of sex psychological health. In this case, psychological quality not only provides practical basis in terms of understanding students’personal trait and strengthening personality, but also provides theoretical basis for the normal universities to improve the psychological quality of student.%本文通过对6所师范院校的1400名高师生性心理健康进行综合分析,得出高师生性心理健康水平与其人格特质的精神质之间有着极其显著的负相关,心理健康水平随着精神质值的增高而降低,高师生的精神质可以显著地预测其性心理健康水平状况。为高师生了解人格特质,健全其人格,提高性心理健康水平提供了可参考的实践依据,为师范院校提升师范生的心理素质提供了科学依据。

  17. Psychological literacy: proceed with caution, construction ahead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murdoch DD

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Douglas D Murdoch Department of Psychology, Mount Royal University, Calgary, AB, Canada Abstract: Psychological literacy is the ethical application of psychological skills and knowledge. This could benefit individuals in their personal, occupational, and civic lives and subsequently benefit society as a whole. We know that psychology has a wide-ranging impact on society. The potential benefits of a psychologically literate citizenry in improved parenting, better business practices, enlightened legislation, and many other areas make this a desirable goal. It has been proposed that this should become the primary goal of an undergraduate psychology education to benefit the majority who do not go on to graduate school and even those who only take a few psychology courses. This idea has significant merit and warrants further investigation and development. However, there are major concerns that need to be addressed. First, what are uniquely psychological skills and knowledge? Many of the skills psychology undergraduates acquire are generic to university and not specific to psychology. Second, psychology can be as harmful when misapplied as it can be beneficial when ethically applied. Third, psychology departments will need to address pragmatic as well as ethical issues, including issues of competency, boundaries, accountability, and confidentiality. Fourth, the available empirical evidence to direct such efforts is primarily at the anecdotal, case example, and pilot study stages. Significant improvements are needed in measuring psychological literacy, choice of outcome measures, and research methodologies before these advantages can be realized in an empirically supported manner. Currently, best practices in the undergraduate curriculum are the mindful and purposeful design of courses and experiential opportunities. It is proposed that psychological literacy is best conceptualized as a meta-literacy and that it should become a goal of psychology

  18. On the Value of Peer Psychological Counseling in Im-proving University Freshmen's Adaptation Ability:A Case Study on Hu'nan Institute of Engineering%试论朋辈心理辅导对提升大学新生适应能力的价值--以湖南工程学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵玲令

    2015-01-01

    朋辈心理辅导具有比较好的心理辅导功能,互动性比较强。许多大学新生离开熟悉的高中环境进入大学后在心理上存在不适,很难适应大学生活。因此,应该加强大学新生的心理辅导,不断提升其适应能力。本文结合笔者的心理辅导经验,探讨了朋辈心理辅导用于提升大学新生适应能力的重要价值。%Peer psychological counseling possesses relatively ef-fective function of psychological counseling, as it is more interac-tive. After graduating from their familiar senior high schools, many university freshmen feel it difficult for them to adapt to their university life from psychological aspect. Therefore, their psycho-logical counseling should be enhanced to continuously improve their adaptation ability. Combined with the writer's experience in psychological counseling, this paper explores the important value of peer psychological counseling in improving university fresh-men's adaptation ability.

  19. Current status of psychology and clinical psychology in India - an appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virudhagirinathan, Baboo Sankar; Karunanidhi, Subbiah

    2014-10-01

    This paper provides an overview of the social and cultural context for the emergence and development of psychology in India and also more specifically of the development of clinical psychology. It details the range of universities offering psychology programmes and the various bodies involved in supporting the development of the psychology. The paper also describes the development of clinical psychology in India and the variety of roles undertaken by clinical psychologists. Finally, it raises a number of issues facing the development of Indian psychology into the future.

  20. The Management of University Young Teachers from the Perspective of Psychological Contract%心理契约视角下的高校青年教师管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱拥军

    2011-01-01

    In the management of university young teachers,psychological contract serves as a source of motivation,stableness,reinforcement and creativity.Therefore,universities should generally establish an effective incentive system and create a humanistic atmosphere.Specifically,they should work for young teachers' financial,professional and interpersonal satisfaction so as to enhance their overall satisfaction and their loyalty to the universities.%心理契约理论在高校青年教师管理中起着动力作用、稳定作用、强化作用和创造作用,因此,高校青年教师管理,要充分利用心理契约理论,宏观上制定有效的激励制度,创设人文关怀的氛围;微观上从经济利益、职业规划、人际信任等方面开展工作,从而增强教师的工作满意度和对学校的忠诚度,促进学校的长远发展。

  1. Reflections on the Implementation of Outward Bound for Psychological Quality in Colleges and Universities%高校开展心理素质拓展训练的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄凌峰

    2014-01-01

    The outward bound of psychological quality is a new learning and training method for modern people and organiza-tions. Experience is its most important characteristic. The intro-duction of it into colleges and universities is a beneficial comple-ment to traditional teaching, and it conforms to the development trend of college and university teaching reform. Starting from the origin and development of outward bound, this paper analyzed the characteristics of outward bound, and made an exploration on the model of its application to college and university teaching and management.%心理素质拓展训练是一种现代人和现代组织全新的学习方法和训练方式。体验性是其最重要的特点。将其引入高校是对传统教学的有益补充,符合高校教学改革的发展趋势。本文从拓展训练的起源与发展入手,分析了拓展训练的特点,并对其在高校教学与管理中的应用模式进行了探讨。

  2. Influencing factors and psychological mechanism of university teachers' organizational identification%大学教师组织认同的影响因素及心理机制分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兆延

    2015-01-01

    Organizational identification is a process of individual organizational factors should be brought into the self-concept, university teachers' organizational identification can affect their job satisfaction, effect on maintaining and loss of human resources in coleges and universities, therefore, to explore the influence factors of university teachers' organizational identification and particularly important is the impact of psychological process, therefore, this paper analyzes the external reputation, perceived organizational support and organizational justice on the impact of organizational identification.%组织认同是个体将组织因素纳入自我概念的过程,大学教师组织认同可影响其工作满意度,对高校人力资源的保持和流失产生影响,因此,探索大学教师组织认同的影响因素及产生影响的心理过程尤为重要,故文章着重分析了组织外部声誉、组织支持感、组织公正对组织认同产生的影响作用。

  3. 近三年某军校研究生新生心理健康水平比较%Psychological Health of New Postgraduates in Military University in Recent Three Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁娟; 阮昕敏; 林志永

    2016-01-01

    目的:通过纵向追踪和横向对比,调查军校研究生新生心理水平的发展方向和欠缺方面,为开展心理健康教育提供依据.方法:以某军校为例,应用症状自评量表(SCL-90)对其近3年硕士研究生新生进行测试.结果:近3年该军校研究生新生的人际关系敏感因子、焦虑因子、妄想因子、睡眠饮食因子、总均分均有统计学差异(F=3.085,6.687,4.021,6.588,4.565;P<0.05);SNK检验显示,2013年研究生新生的焦虑因子、妄想因子、睡眠饮食因子得分、SCL-90总均分高于2014年和2015年.近3年研究生总体10项因子的得分有统计学差异(F=115.927,P<0.001);SNK检验显示,强迫因子得分最高(1.28),其次是人际关系敏感因子(1.17)、睡眠饮食因子(1.17)和焦虑因子(1.16).结论:军校研究生新生心理健康水平较好,呈上升趋势;心理问题主要表现在强迫、人际关系敏感、睡眠饮食和焦虑,近年变化不大;构建多维度研究生心理健康教育模式,提高研究生心理水平.%Objective:To survey the trends and the deficiencies of psychological health of new postgraduates in the military university with longitudinal and transverse contrast to put bases for psychological health education.Methods:Taken the military university for example,all the new postgraduates were surveyed with Symptom Checklist 90(SCL-90)in 2013,2014,2015.Results:It showed statistical significance in the new postgraduates in the scores of interper-sonal sensitivity,anxiety,paranoia,diet and sleep factors and the total score(F=3.085,6.687,4.021,6.588,4.565;P<0.05)and further SNK test showed that the scores of anxiety,paranoia,diet and sleep factors and the total score in 2013 were all higher than those in 2014 and 2015.The scores of ten factors of the new postgraduates in recent three years on the whole were different(F=115.927,P<0.001)and further SNK test showed that the score of compulsory was the highest(1.28),followed by the scores of

  4. On the Identification and Education of Psychological High Risk Students in Colleges and Universities%高校心理高危学生的识别与教育刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晶晶

    2016-01-01

    In the mental health education in Colleges and universities how to identify psychological at-risk students, and for this group to implement the effective guidance and education to grasp the key issues in the study, about guarantee of students psychol-ogical safety, maintaining internal stability is of very important significance. This study combined with the daily work practice, proposed the psychological at-risk students recognition to do a test, observation and appointment, appropriate counseling and edu-cation is the key to grasp a network, two platforms, three binding, as well as the overall mental health programs and regular mental health activities carried out, so as to promote college students spiritual growth, achieve all-round development.%高校心理健康教育工作中如何识别心理高危学生,以及针对这一群体实施有效辅导和教育要把握的关键问题的探讨,对保障学生的心理安全,维护校内稳定具有十分重要的意义。本研究结合日常工作实践,提出对心理高危学生的识别要做好一测、二观、三约见,相应的辅导和教育工作的关键是把握一个网络,两个平台,三个结合,以及全员性的心理健康课程与经常性的心理健康活动的开展,从而促进高校学子心灵成长,实现身心全面发展。

  5. 从授权研究方法到授权途径的探索--基于高校教师的调查%An Analysis of Working Status of University Teachers Based on the Four Dimensional Psychological Empowerment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞文; 刘金兰

    2014-01-01

    通过对不同视角下授权研究方法的梳理,建立了以结构授权为环境、领导授权为条件、心理授权为目标的实现有效授权的模型,并通过结构方程对796名高校教师数据样本进行授权途径的模型拟合,结果表明:结构授权对领导授权和心理授权四个维度起重要的正向影响作用;领导授权对心理授权的工作意义维度起正向影响作用,对影响力维度起负向影响作用;心理授权作为授权途径的最终环节,是进行有效授权的目标。%Based on the survey of 796 university teachers' self-evaluations of their jobs and psychological empowerment, this study establishes a structural equation model to investigate the influence of the four dimensional psychological empowerment on teaching, scientific research and social service. The results show that the four dimensional paradigm has positive impacts on the working states of the teachers, among which competence greatly influenced teaching, scientific research and social service, and significance have positive impact only on teaching. This paper analyzes the internal factors that would influence the working stair of teachers in order to provide theoretical support for the performance improvement and extend the organizational context of psychological empowerment as well.

  6. Countermeasures to University Librarian's Common Psychological Health Problems%高校图书馆馆员的常见心理健康问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任敏; 梅青

    2011-01-01

    随着高校图书馆工作模式的转变,高校图书馆管理人员所承受的各种压力与日俱增,普遍存在不同程度的心理健康问题。解决其心理健康问题,应实施“以人为本”的管理摸式,加强馆员心理保健教育,提高馆员业务素质和提高馆员待遇等。%Along with the change of working mode of university libraries, management personnel are under in- creasing pressure, all kinds of mental problems start to appear. In this paper, some common psychological health problems and the causes are analyzed, and it puts forward some countermeasures, such as improvement of librarians' salary, "people-oriented" management, strengthening the psychological health education, improving their profession- al quality, and learning of self adjustification, etc.

  7. The Enlightenment of the Gestalt Psychology to the Curriculum of the Music Theory C ourse in Colleges and Universities%格式塔原理对高校音乐理论课程设置的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昕; 孟燕

    2016-01-01

    On the basis of the current situa tion of curriculum of music theory courses in colleges and universities , this paper follows the organizing principle and enlightenment theory of Gestalt psychology school . The relationship between the principle of the Gestalt psychology and the music ontology and the enlightenment of teaching and learning of music theory are analyzed in this paper . Moreover , this paper also provides the suggestions in two aspects to contribute the music theory courses which are the mode of course integration and the intersection methodology of performance skills courses .%文章从高等学校音乐理论课程设置及教学方法的现状出发,依据格式塔心理学学派的完型组织原则及顿悟理论,分析了格式塔原则与音乐本体的关系,以及对音乐理论教与学的启示,并从课程的融合方式、与表演技能课交叉方法两方面提出了音乐理论课程建设的意见。

  8. 基于积极心理学的高校学生干部队伍建设研究%Research on the Construction of University Student Leader Team Based on Positive Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭琳

    2016-01-01

    基于积极心理学开展高校学生干部队伍建设研究有利于有助于培养高校学生干部的积极乐观的精神品质,进而充分发挥自身重要作用。本文从目前学生干部队伍存在的问题入手,探讨将积极心理学理论引入高校学生干部队伍建设的意义,并提出完善高校学生干部队伍建设的策略。%Based on positive psychology research to constructing university student leader team is conducive to help develop positive mental quality.? This article start from the current problems of student leader team, to explore the significance of posi-tive psychology theory used in construction of student leader team, and put forward the strategy of improving the construction of student leader team.

  9. 当代高校青年教师成长与发展心理困境探究%A Study of Psychological Dilemma in Contemporary Uni-versity Teachers' Growth and Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄卫平

    2014-01-01

    作为未来高等教育的生力军,对于青年教师的培养与发展将直接影响我国高等教育的质量。在教师自身科研水平与教育方法上,众多高等院校有着完善的培养方案。然而,众多青年教师成长过程中所面临的心理困境,却鲜有人关注,因此,在素质教育竞争愈演愈烈的今天,探究青年教师成长的心理困境,具有十分重要的现实意义。%The training and development of young teachers, the main force of higher education in the future, will directly affect the quality of higher education in China. In the aspect of teachers' scientific research level and education method, many colleges and universities have a perfect training program. However, few people focus on psychological dilemma in the growth of many young teachers. Therefore, today when competition in quality ed-ucation is heating up, it has very important practical significance to explore psychological dilemma in the growth of young teachers.

  10. 论大学生职业生涯规划团体心理辅导技术的应用%Application of the university student career planning group psychological counseling techniques

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周云; 李海黔; 李黛; 罗辑

    2013-01-01

      大学生职业生涯规划是大学生就业辅导的一项重要内容,对大学生在正确自我认知的基础上确定自身发展方向有着非常重要的意义。在大学生职业生涯规划中应用团体心理辅导技术能达到事半功倍的效果,构建一个好的团体心理辅导方案能有效的指导大学生进行职业生涯规划。%The university student career planning is an important content of the employment guidance of college students, for students based on proper self-perception. Determine its development direction has a very important significance.Application of group psychological counseling techniques in college student career planning can achieve twice the result with half the effort, building a good group psychological counseling scheme can guide students to effectively carry out the occupation career planning.

  11. Taking Advantage of FollowPsychology to Construct Student Organizational Culture in University%利用从众心理的积极因素建构高校学生组织文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾尼娃尔·艾合买提; 耿直; 赛福鼎·艾拜

    2013-01-01

      本文阐述了从众心理在高校学生组织文化建构中所起的作用,对怎样利用从众心理的积极因素建构高校学生组织文化提了几点建议,希望对从事教育教学的工作者有所启发。%On the basis of the introduction of how conformity affect students organizational culture constructing , the paper gives some advice on how to taking advantage of conformity psychology to construct student organiza -tional culture in university.

  12. Electricity and Water Conservation on College and University Campuses in Response to National Competitions among Dormitories: Quantifying Relationships between Behavior, Conservation Strategies and Psychological Metrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, John E; Frantz, Cynthia M; Shammin, Md Rumi; Yanisch, Tess M; Tincknell, Evan; Myers, Noel

    2015-01-01

    "Campus Conservation Nationals" (CCN) is a recurring, nation-wide electricity and water-use reduction competition among dormitories on college campuses. We conducted a two year empirical study of the competition's effects on resource consumption and the relationship between conservation, use of web technology and various psychological measures. Significant reductions in electricity and water use occurred during the two CCN competitions examined (n = 105,000 and 197,000 participating dorm residents respectively). In 2010, overall reductions during the competition were 4% for electricity and 6% for water. The top 10% of dorms achieved 28% and 36% reductions in electricity and water respectively. Participation was larger in 2012 and reductions were slightly smaller (i.e. 3% electricity). The fact that no seasonal pattern in electricity use was evident during non-competition periods suggests that results are attributable to the competition. Post competition resource use data collected in 2012 indicates that conservation behavior was sustained beyond the competition. Surveys were used to assess psychological and behavioral responses (n = 2,900 and 2,600 in 2010 and 2012 respectively). Electricity reductions were significantly correlated with: web visitation, specific conservation behaviors, awareness of the competition, motivation and sense of empowerment. However, participants were significantly more motivated than empowered. Perceived benefits of conservation were skewed towards global and future concerns while perceived barriers tended to be local. Results also suggest that competitions may be useful for "preaching beyond the choir"-engaging those who might lack prior intrinsic or political motivation. Although college life is distinct, certain conclusions related to competitions, self-efficacy, and motivation and social norms likely extend to other residential settings.

  13. Electricity and Water Conservation on College and University Campuses in Response to National Competitions among Dormitories: Quantifying Relationships between Behavior, Conservation Strategies and Psychological Metrics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John E Petersen

    Full Text Available "Campus Conservation Nationals" (CCN is a recurring, nation-wide electricity and water-use reduction competition among dormitories on college campuses. We conducted a two year empirical study of the competition's effects on resource consumption and the relationship between conservation, use of web technology and various psychological measures. Significant reductions in electricity and water use occurred during the two CCN competitions examined (n = 105,000 and 197,000 participating dorm residents respectively. In 2010, overall reductions during the competition were 4% for electricity and 6% for water. The top 10% of dorms achieved 28% and 36% reductions in electricity and water respectively. Participation was larger in 2012 and reductions were slightly smaller (i.e. 3% electricity. The fact that no seasonal pattern in electricity use was evident during non-competition periods suggests that results are attributable to the competition. Post competition resource use data collected in 2012 indicates that conservation behavior was sustained beyond the competition. Surveys were used to assess psychological and behavioral responses (n = 2,900 and 2,600 in 2010 and 2012 respectively. Electricity reductions were significantly correlated with: web visitation, specific conservation behaviors, awareness of the competition, motivation and sense of empowerment. However, participants were significantly more motivated than empowered. Perceived benefits of conservation were skewed towards global and future concerns while perceived barriers tended to be local. Results also suggest that competitions may be useful for "preaching beyond the choir"-engaging those who might lack prior intrinsic or political motivation. Although college life is distinct, certain conclusions related to competitions, self-efficacy, and motivation and social norms likely extend to other residential settings.

  14. The Influence and Effect on Psychological Health Development of College Students from University Dormitory Life%大学宿舍生活对大学生心理健康发展的影响和作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雯

    2012-01-01

      大学宿舍生活是大学生活中的重要组成部分,对大学生的心理健康发展有着不可忽视的重大影响和作用,和谐的大学宿舍生活对于大学生的心理健康发展有着积极的意义。但是,许多调查与研究表明,目前大学生宿舍中人际关系上存在着不少的问题。就大学宿舍生活人际关系的研究意义、宿舍人际关系现状的调查、造成大学宿舍人际关系问题的原因及如何营造和谐宿舍生活作简单论述。%  University dormitory life is an important part of college life. It has great effect on psychological health development of college students. Harmonious interpersonal relationship has a positive effect on psychological health development of college students. But many investigation and research shows that there are many problems among the interpersonal relationship of university dormitory. This paper made a simple discussion on the research significance, the present situation investigation and the forming reason of dormitory interpersonal relationship. Then this paper simply discusses how to make a harmonious dormitory life.

  15. Impact of Binding Study Advice on Study Behavior and Pre-University Education Qualification Factors in a Problem-Based Psychology Bachelor Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Koning, Björn B.; Loyens, Sofie M. M.; Rikers, Remy M. J. P.; Smeets, Guus; van der Molen, Henk T.

    2014-01-01

    In the Netherlands, university programs increasingly use the binding study advice (BSA) to select students after the first year. Students with insufficient progress after the first year and who therefore do not conform to pre-defined BSA norms have to quit their program. This study investigated whether the introduction of the BSA is associated…

  16. 大学生心理健康教育途径探析%A Study of Approach for Psychological Health Education to University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑞兰; 孔国庆; 方文

    2013-01-01

      对于大学生自杀事件更多归因于90后、80后大学生心理素质脆弱、承受能力差等主观原因。调查发现众多大学生自杀者中毕业班占多数,毕业班的学生即将步入社会,面临择业、恋爱、承担家庭责任等多重压力,对未来的迷茫和对生活的无望等造成他们选择以自杀这种极端的方式结束生命,进而逃避现实。大学生是社会的人,他们的自杀行为看似是个人行为,但是,事实上与他们成长的家庭、学校、社会等外部因素有很大的关系。家庭、社会和学校都应为大学生的心理健康教育做出不断的努力。%  People attribute university students' suicide to university students' bad mentality. The majority of university suicide students are graduates, the report found, graduates are step into the society, faces many stresses of employment, Marriage and the family. They choose suicide because of pessimistic about the future. University students are socialman, their suicide behaviors have very big concern with the family, school and society. So the family, school and society should do their best to protect the university students' mental health.

  17. Psychological stress and testicular function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordkap, Loa; Jensen, Tina Kold; Hansen, Åse Marie

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To study the associations between self-reported psychological stress, semen quality, and serum reproductive hormones among young Danish men. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University hospital-based research center. PARTICIPANT(S): Danish men (median age 19 years) from the gene......OBJECTIVE: To study the associations between self-reported psychological stress, semen quality, and serum reproductive hormones among young Danish men. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University hospital-based research center. PARTICIPANT(S): Danish men (median age 19 years) from...

  18. Psychological IVF

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adrian, Stine Willum

    2015-01-01

    During ethnographic fieldwork at a fertility clinic in Denmark, I became intrigued by emotions. In particular, I found an incidence labelled ‘psychological IVF’ theoretically provocative as it challenged my views on materializations, which I was preparing to study. This paper centres on the story...... of psychological IVF, and I use this narrative to consider emotions and materialization methodologically. I also ask how emotions at fertility clinics can be conceptualized to enable analysis of their materialization, change, and effects. In order to do so, I develop the term ‘emotional choreography......’. This theoretical work has three aims. First, it seeks to illustrate how the story of psychological IVF offers a rich range of materializations of emotions. Secondly, this work proposes a feminist materialist conceptualization of emotions that is both non-representational and posthuman. This conceptualization draws...

  19. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Patil

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Education Psychology is one of the most rapidly advancing disciplines which is concerned with the description, explanation and control of the educational processes arising from the interaction between the teacher and learner in the context of a specified or unspecified subject. The concept of educational psycology is changing as a result of the general impact of the disciplines such as sociology, anthropology,economics, political science and so on. The subject matter of educational psychology is also reflecting a diversity of structures and emphases in its connection.

  20. Psychological strain between nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Obročníková

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of the study was to identify differences in perception of work (mental workload among nurses providing acute and chronic nursing care. Design: Study design is cross-sectional and descriptive. Methods: The sample of respondents consisted of 97 nurses working in departments Neurology, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Unit of the hospital St. James in Bardejov, University Hospital of L. Pasteur in Košice and University Hospital J. A. Reiman in Prešov. To measure psychological strain, Meister's questionnaire for neuropsychological strain was used. Results: Increased psychological strain was observed in nurses providing acute care versus nurses providing chronic care, particularly in job satisfaction, long-term tolerance, time constraints, high responsibility, nervousness, fatigue and satiety. In comparison with the population norm, nurses in acute care achieved significantly higher indicators of factor I (strain and gross score as nurses in neurological care. A statistically significant relationship between psychological stress and age of nurses working in anesthesiology and intensive care departments was confirmed. Nurses with long term practical experience are exposed to intense mental stress (especially in the areas of strain and monotony. Conclusion: The results of our study suggest the reality that variable qualities of work related strain among nurses can lead to physical and emotional exhaustion.

  1. Promoting Writing among Psychology Students and Faculty: An Interview with Dana S. Dunn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goddard, Perilou

    2002-01-01

    Perilou Goddard is a professor of psychology at Northern Kentucky University (NKU), where she teaches introductory and abnormal psychology as well as courses in writing in psychology and drug policy. She was chosen as NKU's outstanding professor in 1999. Dana S. Dunn is a professor of psychology and former chair of the Department of Psychology at…

  2. Space psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parin, V. V.; Gorbov, F. D.; Kosmolinskiy, F. P.

    1974-01-01

    Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.

  3. Psychology Experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGraw, Ken; Tew, Mark D.; Williams, John E.

    2001-01-01

    A goal of the PsychExperiments project was to reduce the financial burden on psychology departments for hardware/software used in their laboratories. In its third year, the PsychExperiments site now hosts 39 experiments. Over 200 classrooms worldwide have signed up as official site users and there have been nearly 10,000 data sessions conducted.…

  4. Psychology Experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGraw, Ken; Tew, Mark D.; Williams, John E.

    2001-01-01

    A goal of the PsychExperiments project was to reduce the financial burden on psychology departments for hardware/software used in their laboratories. In its third year, the PsychExperiments site now hosts 39 experiments. Over 200 classrooms worldwide have signed up as official site users and there have been nearly 10,000 data sessions conducted.…

  5. An Analysis of University Students' Psychology in Music Appreciation%高校大学生音乐欣赏学习心理调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓华

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a questionnaire survey conducted of a series of issues of students' learning psychology in music appreciation courses. The result shows that the "teaching" and "learning" is a dynamic system. The students' factors, including learning motivation, enthusiasm and efficacy, and the teacher's factors, such as teaching methods, management and assessment methods, influence one another. Based on the data analysis, the paper puts forward relevant solutions and discusses the behavior and effects of optimizing the teaching of music appreciation.%本文以问卷的方式,对大学生在音乐欣赏课程中的一系列学习一心理进行了调查。调查结果表明教师的“教”与学生的“学”是一个动态的系统,学生层面的学习动机、学习投入度、学习效能感和教师层面的教学方式方法、教学管理、考核方式等因素相互影响,相互制约。研究在分析学生学习心理的基础上提出了相关的教育对策,探讨了优化音乐欣赏教学的行为和效果。

  6. New Start of “Psychological Thought”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislava Stoyanova

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The history and the mission of Psychological Thought are presented. The scientific journal “Psychological Thought” started its existence as an idea of the colleagues at the Department of Psychology at South-West University “Neofit Rilski” in 2006. Seven print issues were published from 2006 to 2009 (2 issues per year. Each issue included average ten articles published in Bulgarian or in English.

  7. 基于大学生网络消费心理与行为的网络营销策略研究%Research on the Network Marketing Strategy Based on University Students' Network Consumption Psychology and Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐克冰

    2015-01-01

    随着经济的飞速发展,越来越多的企业开始在互联网上为消费者搭建方便的购物平台与渠道。网络消费以其价格低廉、方便快捷等众多优势深受人们的喜爱,其中当代大学生占了网络消费群体很大的比例。本文主要通过对当代大学生的网络消费心理与行为进行研究,运用4P理论针对这些研究探讨出针对大学生的网络营销策略。%With the rapid development of the socialist economy, more and more enterprises begin to build convenient shopping platform and channel for consumers on the Internet. Network consumption by its low in price, convenience and many other models is loved by the people, of which the most important is the contemporary university students. This paper mainly uses the 4P theory to research the marketing strategy through the study of network consumption psychology and behavior of the contempo-rary university students.

  8. 军医大学新生心理问题及心理健康服务的需求研究%An investigation on freshmen's psychological trouble and needs for mental health services in in military medical university

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨国愉; 王立菲; 刘云波; 佗婷婷; 蒋娟; 杜征; 李嘉雯

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate psychological trouble of freshmen and their needs for mental health services in military medical university. Methods An half-open questionnaire was employed to evaluate 854 freshmen by group-style in military medical university.Results ①Freshmen were most concemed about their training stress,soldier role adaptation and emotional trouble,etc.As compared with the male,the rate of emotional trouble and interpersonal conflict of female were increased obviously ( P<0.05 ).②The most important factor resulting in psychological problems was poor self-control,learning and training stress,military management,and so on.③The most attracting style of mental health services was communication with psychological personnel,psychological manual and movie,psychological lectures,and so on.As compared with the male,the rate of female were increased in individual counseling obviously ( P<0.01 ).④Freshmen most focused on education of general psychological knowledge,emotion and stress management,soldier role adaptation,and so on.As compared with the male,the rate of female were increased in emotion and stress management,decreased in service role adaptation obviously ( P<0.05 ).⑤Freshmen were most interested in emotion management,self-awareness,soldier role adaptation,and so on.As compared with the male,the rate of female were increased in emotion management training and profession programming,decreased in soldier role adaptation obviously ( P<0.05 ).Conclusion Freshmen's psychological problems and needs for mental health services showed obvious gender difference.Military mental health services should be focused on development objectives,specification of ser-vices , and improvement of the service availability in military medical university.%目的 探讨军医大学新生存在的心理问题及其对心理健康服务的需求.方法 采用自编的心理问题及心理健康需求半开放式问卷对某军医大学854

  9. Social Psychological Support of Students with Disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aismontas B.B.,

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available In this article we study the main goals, objectives, functions and mechanisms of social psychological support of students with disabilities and special needs in higher education. We describe the experience in providing such support at the Department of Distance Learning of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education. We show that social psychological support of students with disabilities is a specially organized process involving the creation of an optimally accessible and nurturing environment which contributes to the development of general cultural, professional competencies as well as to healthy personality development in individuals. Macro social, psychological and pedagogical features of the environment play a key role in social psychological support. Psychological and educational support of students with disabilities involves several types of assistance, each with its own tasks and features, however only the optimal combination of these forms embodies social psychological support as a whole.

  10. Teaching Pediatric Psychology Concepts to Medical Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rae, William A.

    The psychiatric/behavioral science component of the medical school curriculum at Texas A&M University, which involves a pediatric psychology rotation, is described. The content areas of pediatric psychology includes the basic curriculum areas of child/adolescent psychodiagnostic categories, behavioral/developmental disorders, and knowledge of…

  11. Essential Role of Culture in Developmental Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Joan G.

    2005-01-01

    This chapter argues for the essential role of culture in forming the basic constructs and theories of developmental psychology. The case is made for the need to overcome the cultural insularity of core developmental concepts and methods in order to create a psychology that is more truly universal.

  12. Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 29, 1978.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenzweig, Mark R., Ed.; Porter, Lyman W., Ed.

    The volume contains 20 scholarly essays on current research in representative areas of the field of psychology. Most of the authors are professors and researchers at universities in the United States, representing departments of psychology, management, social ecology, human development, education, psychiatry, and medicine. A few private research…

  13. Samuel Butler's "Erewhon" as Social Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborn, Don R.

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the use of Samuel Butler's utopian novel, "Erewhon," in a social psychology class to demonstrate the universality of social psychological insights and to provide a literary dimension to the course. Reports that student evaluations indicated that "Erewhon" was successful in increasing the liberal arts value of the…

  14. Essential Role of Culture in Developmental Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Joan G.

    2005-01-01

    This chapter argues for the essential role of culture in forming the basic constructs and theories of developmental psychology. The case is made for the need to overcome the cultural insularity of core developmental concepts and methods in order to create a psychology that is more truly universal.

  15. Psychology Departments Are Changing Their Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, David

    2008-01-01

    The neuroscience revolution has brought a set of difficult, at times uncomfortable, changes in university-based research psychology. The technologies that allow scholars to probe the structures and functions of the human brain are also causing profound alterations in the structures and functions of psychology departments: curricula, hiring…

  16. Research on University's Psychology Experimental Instruction:Problems and Countermeasures%高校心理学专业实验教学存在的问题和对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜子云; 寇冬泉

    2015-01-01

    There are certain particularities in psychology experiment: strict requirements on experiment environment, experiment equipment and lab manager for ensuring the scientific of experiment. However, problems exist in some universities' experiment instruction:the constructions of laboratory are imperfect, the patterns of experiment are rather similar, the instructions of experiment are lack of innovation and the equipment do not adapt to the development trend. Therefore, it is necessary to attach importance to the laboratory construction, construct their own characteristics laboratory, carry out experiment teaching reform, take student-centered instruction, adapt to the trend of computerization and using large-scale instruments in psychology experiment.%心理学实验具有特殊性,为保证实验的科学性,心理实验对实验室条件、设备和管理人员提出了高要求。但目前部分高校的心理实验教学存在实验室建设不完善、实验模式单一、实验教学缺乏创新、设备不适应当前发展趋势等问题。为此,需要重视实验室建设、建设特色实验室、进行实验教学改革,以学生为主体,适应心理实验教学计算机化和仪器化的需求。

  17. Psychology's "Crisis" and the Need for Reflection. A Plea for Modesty in Psychological Theorizing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieser, Martin

    2016-09-01

    This paper discusses the need for contextualization and reflection of psychological theorizing within its respective cultural and historical context. By acknowledging the anthropological assumptions which form a key part of every psychological theory and connect psychological thinking with broader cultural values, norms, ideals and meanings, psychologists can gain a deeper understanding of the limits of their own theories. It is argued that the prolonged debate within academic psychology concerning its status and methodology which became famous as "psychology's crisis" is an effect of the neglect of these implicit anthropological assumptions. Especially as cultural and cultural-historical psychologists, we should avoid the improper universalization of particular models of what defines a human being.

  18. Cultural psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heine, Steven J; Ruby, Matthew B

    2010-03-01

    Humans are a cultural species, constantly navigating a complex web of culturally bound practices, norms, and worldviews. This article provides a brief overview of the relatively young field of cultural psychology, which investigates the many ways psychology and culture interweave with one another. Highlighting the cultural nature of the human species, it draws upon research on cultural evolution, enculturation, and developmental processes. This review further summarizes a number of cultural differences in how people perceive the self, and the behavioral consequences that follow from these differences, in the domains of internal and external attribution styles, motivations for self-enhancement, approach/avoidance, primary and secondary control, as well as motivations for distinctiveness and conformity. Additionally, the review discusses research on the intersection of culture and emotion, as well as cultural differences in cognition, perception, and reasoning. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  19. [Foucault's relevance for psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastor, Juan

    2009-11-01

    In this article, we will attempt to address one of the most outstanding and influential thinkers of the past century: Michel Foucault, Philosopher, Psychologist, and above all (university) Professor. Michel Foucault is certainly versatile: Historian (of madness, clinical practice, imprisonment and sexuality), Archaeologist (of knowledge), Analyst (of discourse and power relations), Psychologist (genealogy of subjectivity) and Philosopher (of power and the subject). With this article, we eventually expect to offer some clues to be able to use the work of Michel Foucault for the problematization of Psychology.

  20. Evaluation on implementing postgraduate psychological mentor scheme in clinical hospitals of ;colleges and universities%某高校临床医院实施研究生心理顾问计划的效果评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春鸣; 徐勤毅; 陈佩; 戴慧莉; 陈颖敏; 费辛; 王青; 孔宪明

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the psychological condition of postgraduates in clinical hos-pitals of colleges and universities before and after the implementation of psychological mentor scheme so as to evaluate the effect. Methods Quantitative questionnaire (SCL-90 scale) and qualitative fo-cus interview were used to compare psychological condition of postgraduates. Totally 182 copies of questionnaires were sent to two hospitals (A and B) respectively. Then, psychological mentor scheme was carried out in A hospital. Afterwards, 206 and 140 copies of questionnaires were sent again to the hospitals respectively to compare the results. Eight student psychological consultants, 12 postgraduates and 5 postgraduate management staff were enrolled in qualitative focus interview. Excell2003 software was adopted to establish the database and SPSS 11.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Descrip-tive analysis, frequency analysis, t test, chi-square test and variance analysis were adopted for data analysis. P<0.05 signifies for statistically significant difference. Results Mental health status of both groups was better than the national level before the implementation (total SCL score: A hospital=118 . 08 ±36.20; B hospital =100.33 ±22.90). However, SCL-90 score of A hospital was decreased (total SCL score: 102.58 ±25.23) and that of B hospital (total SCL score:134.01 ±38.92) was in-creased (part of items higher than the adult national norm) at one year after conducting psychological mentor scheme. Conclusions Psychological mentor scheme can effectively relieve stress and interper-sonal stress so as to reduce the general psychological problems and can help to improve mental health of the students.%目的对比分析某高校临床医院实施研究生心理顾问计划前后研究生的心理情况,评估该计划的实施效果。方法采用定量研究中的问卷调查(SCL-90量表)和定性研究中的小组焦点访谈相结合的方法,定量研究在A、B

  1. Psychology of religion: perspectives from cultural psychology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Belzen, J.A.

    2010-01-01

    After a brief introduction, this paper tries to establish what type of psychology the psychology of religion is. Having introduced cultural psychology in general, some theories applicable in research on religion are presented, and some examples of cultural psychological research of religious

  2. 基于同伴教育模式的大学生青春健康教育对策思考%Reflections on the Countermeasures for the Psychological Health Education of University Students under the Model of Peer Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晶贻; 张军生

    2016-01-01

    Under the impacts of diversified culture and people's increasingly open ideas, the status quo of the psychological health education of university students has attracted wide at-tention around the world, urging universities to introduce a new psychological health education model—peer education. In or-der to improve the attractiveness and effectiveness of the class psychological health education of university students, enhance their knowledge on psychological health and improve their self-protection ability, this paper studies the current situation of psychological health education for them, the advantages of peer education, and how to introduce peer education to their psycho-logical health education.%随着多元文化的撞击,思想观念的开放,高校大学生的青春健康状况已在世界范围内引起广泛关注,呼唤着高校引入新型的青春健康教育模式——同伴教育模式。本文通过调查研究当前青春健康教育的状况以及探索同伴教育的优势和如何在青春健康教育教学实践中引入同伴教学模式,从而为提升大学生青春健康教育课堂的吸引力和有效性,强化大学生对青春健康知识的认知,提高自我保护能力贡献力量。

  3. New directions in qualitative research in psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demuth, Carolin

    2015-06-01

    Qualitative Research gains increasing popularity in the field of Psychology. With the renewed interest, there are, however, also some risks related to the overhomogenization and increasing standardization of qualitative methods. This special issue is dedicated to clarify some of the existing misconceptions of qualitative research and to discuss its potentials for the field of psychology in light of recent endeavors to overcome paradigmatic battles and a re-orientation to the specifities of psychology. The issue comprises a discussion from workshop on the future of qualitative research in psychology organized at Aalborg University, and several contributions that resulted from it.

  4. Internationalization of Psychology Education in Indonesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sarlito W. Sarwono

    2014-01-01

    Psychology in Indonesia was born from a medical faculty in 1953, a few years after the independence of Indonesia. It was founded primarily to get the right man in the right place that is very urgent at that time after the Dutch colonial government left many vital public and private positions empty. From the time it was born, the Indonesian psychology has moved vice-versa from indigenous psychology to universalism, from East to West, and from qualitative to quantitative methodology. The internationalization process of Indonesian psychology is discussed from the author's personal view.

  5. Relationship Between Psychological Empowerment and Productivity of Medical Librarians

    OpenAIRE

    Zare, Maliheh; Zarmehr, Fateme; Ashrafi-rizi, Hasan

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Psychological empowerment is really important and has remarkable effect on different organizational variables such as job satisfaction, organizational commitment, productivity, etc. So the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment and productivity of Librarians in Isfahan Medical University. Methods: This was correlational research. Data were collected through two questionnaires. Psychological empowerment questionnaire and the manpow...

  6. An overview of South African psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Saths; Nicholas, Lionel

    2012-01-01

    This overview of psychology in South Africa presents a concise and historical account of its science and practice, from its early origins in the late nineteenth century to the present, and traces seminal influences on the discipline. It is a review of how psychology in South Africa developed over more than a century to become one of the most popular subjects in universities and an established and recognized profession, whose members play a variety of roles in the South African polity and larger society. The impact that apartheid racism had on key aspects of psychology's development is traversed, and the influences that previous ruling party politics had on professional psychological organizations are delineated. The unification of psychology under the Psychological Society of South Africa, a few months before the advent of democracy in South Africa, is explicated. The protection of the title of psychologist in law and certain other changes in the legislative environment, enabling a greater role for psychologists, are reported. The primary research sites for psychology and its funding and the main university psychology programs are described, as are the requirements for registration and licensure. The genesis and the importance of the work of internationally acclaimed South African psychologists, such as J. Wolpe and A. A. Lazarus, are contextualized. With the increased participation of progressive black psychologists in leadership and research in the past two decades, a transformed psychology has the potential to play a significant role in addressing human issues confronting South Africa.

  7. Psychological Analysis and Ethical Countermeasure of Quarantined Patients in a University%某高校传染病隔离患者的心理分析与伦理学对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏联珍; 李瑞林; 樊永娟; 岳丽; 蔡乐农

    2011-01-01

    通过分析某高校传染病隔离患者的心理问题,提出了相应的伦理学对策:首先,运用健康教育来保障患者的知情同意权;其次,运用网络来保护患者的受教育权;再次,必须给患者以充分的人文关怀;最后,一方面可利用危机干预热线进行心理干预,另一方面也要注意保护患者的健康权及隐私权.%This paper analyzes the psychological problems of the quarantined patients in a university and comes up with relevant ethical countermeasures as follows: First of all, we should use health education to protect the patients'right of informed consent. Secondly, internet is used to protect the human right for education. Thirdly, we must pay close attention to humanistic care for the patients. The usage of crisis intervention hotline is necessary,while quarantined patients'privacy and right of health must be respected.

  8. 高校辅导员职业压力应对策略研究--基于积极心理学角度%Research on Countermeasures of University Counselors’Occupational Stress--from perspective of positive psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓璇

    2015-01-01

    辅导员是高校中不可或缺的角色,是学生接触最多的一线管理者,他们的职业压力直接影响着学生管理工作的实际成效。本文分析了辅导员产生职业压力的内外部原因及其职业压力造成的负面影响,从积极心理学的角度,提出了塑造积极人格、构建积极的组织环境、提升辅导员的成就感和个人地位以及个人的工作技能等应对职业压力的策略。%The counselors,who are closest to students,is an indispensable role in colleges and universities. Their occupational stress directly affects the result of student management. This essay analysis the internal and external causes of the counselors’occupational stress and the negative effects by the stress. Also discussed in this essay are,from perspective of positive psychology,countermeasures such as shaping positive mentality,forming a positive organizational environment, improving the counselors’personal skills and self sense of achievement,and promoting their own personal status,etc.

  9. 理工科院校大学生心理咨询现状分析——以江西某院校为例%Analysis of Students' Psychological Counseling in Universities of Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓军; 郭修凤; 马蓉; 曾智斌

    2012-01-01

    理工科院校大学生咨询最多的问题是人际关系问题、恋爱问题,来访者中男生比例明显高于女生、不同专业和年级的学生咨询问题存在明显差异。本文以咨询记录档案进行整理,分析规律和特点,以期对高校心理健康教育工作提供借鉴。%What students from universities of science and technology want to be advised most are interpersonal relationships and love.There are obviously more male visitors than female ones and questions vary with major and grade.This paper,after sorting through the counseling records,gives an analysis of the regular pattern and the features of these students' psychological counseling in the hope of providing some reference for mental health education work in schools of higher learning.

  10. The Investigation to the Effect of Yoga on the Psychological Adjustment to the Female Teachers in Colleges and Universities%瑜伽对高校女教职工心理调节影响的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金林

    2014-01-01

    Selecting part of college female faculty participating in yoga exercises as the object , using methods of literature data, questionnaire, mathematical statistics and experiment , this paper analyzes the psychological and physiological situation of college female faculty who taking part in exercise , to establish suitable plan for female teachers with high physical and mental pressure , to urge them to finish every day, to help them relieve the pressure of body and mind .The study aims to provide reference for colleges and universities work.%以部分高校参加瑜伽锻炼女教职工为研究对象,通过文献资料法、调查问卷法、数理统计法和实验法对参与锻炼高校女教职工的心理和生理情况进行分析,为身心压力较大的高校女教职工制定适宜的计划,每天督促按时完成,帮助其缓解身心的压力,为服务高校工作提供参考。

  11. Psychological literacy: proceed with caution, construction ahead

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdoch, Douglas D

    2016-01-01

    Psychological literacy is the ethical application of psychological skills and knowledge. This could benefit individuals in their personal, occupational, and civic lives and subsequently benefit society as a whole. We know that psychology has a wide-ranging impact on society. The potential benefits of a psychologically literate citizenry in improved parenting, better business practices, enlightened legislation, and many other areas make this a desirable goal. It has been proposed that this should become the primary goal of an undergraduate psychology education to benefit the majority who do not go on to graduate school and even those who only take a few psychology courses. This idea has significant merit and warrants further investigation and development. However, there are major concerns that need to be addressed. First, what are uniquely psychological skills and knowledge? Many of the skills psychology undergraduates acquire are generic to university and not specific to psychology. Second, psychology can be as harmful when misapplied as it can be beneficial when ethically applied. Third, psychology departments will need to address pragmatic as well as ethical issues, including issues of competency, boundaries, accountability, and confidentiality. Fourth, the available empirical evidence to direct such efforts is primarily at the anecdotal, case example, and pilot study stages. Significant improvements are needed in measuring psychological literacy, choice of outcome measures, and research methodologies before these advantages can be realized in an empirically supported manner. Currently, best practices in the undergraduate curriculum are the mindful and purposeful design of courses and experiential opportunities. It is proposed that psychological literacy is best conceptualized as a meta-literacy and that it should become a goal of psychology undergraduate education but not necessarily the goal. PMID:27540315

  12. Psychological literacy: proceed with caution, construction ahead.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdoch, Douglas D

    2016-01-01

    Psychological literacy is the ethical application of psychological skills and knowledge. This could benefit individuals in their personal, occupational, and civic lives and subsequently benefit society as a whole. We know that psychology has a wide-ranging impact on society. The potential benefits of a psychologically literate citizenry in improved parenting, better business practices, enlightened legislation, and many other areas make this a desirable goal. It has been proposed that this should become the primary goal of an undergraduate psychology education to benefit the majority who do not go on to graduate school and even those who only take a few psychology courses. This idea has significant merit and warrants further investigation and development. However, there are major concerns that need to be addressed. First, what are uniquely psychological skills and knowledge? Many of the skills psychology undergraduates acquire are generic to university and not specific to psychology. Second, psychology can be as harmful when misapplied as it can be beneficial when ethically applied. Third, psychology departments will need to address pragmatic as well as ethical issues, including issues of competency, boundaries, accountability, and confidentiality. Fourth, the available empirical evidence to direct such efforts is primarily at the anecdotal, case example, and pilot study stages. Significant improvements are needed in measuring psychological literacy, choice of outcome measures, and research methodologies before these advantages can be realized in an empirically supported manner. Currently, best practices in the undergraduate curriculum are the mindful and purposeful design of courses and experiential opportunities. It is proposed that psychological literacy is best conceptualized as a meta-literacy and that it should become a goal of psychology undergraduate education but not necessarily the goal.

  13. Proceedings of the Second International Congress on Recent Developments in Air- and Structure-Borne Sound and Vibration (2nd) Held in Auburn University, Alabama on 4-6 March 1992. Volume 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-03-06

    ABSTRACT Vibrational and acustic responses caused by application of a point or a line force to the rib of a single-ribbed, infinite plate with...ALONG X-AXIS (%4) Mig 10. In-plane acustic intensity at the surface of the plate with a 1.0 14/rn, 292 HZ, and wavenuniber k.-0 I/in line force...Linear Predictive Coding yields the response function of the vocal tract. Following is an illustration oL the vowel /o/: Sr ectrum of So ipled !dctj 08

  14. Proceedings of the Second International Congress on Recent Developments in Air- and Structure-Borne Sound and Vibration (2nd) Held in Auburn University, Alabama on 4-6 March 1992. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-03-06

    863 V3M Kazarov, V.G. Karadga. and A.S. Minakov, Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute ( TSAGI ), Russia STATISTICS OF REVERBERANT TRANSFER FUNCTIONS...CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS .................................. 1521 L. Cominemen, INCERC-Amoustic Laboratory, Romania A. Stan, Academia Romani, Romania A SIMPLE LASER

  15. Proceedings of the Second International Congress on Recent Developments in Air- and Structure-Borne Sound and Vibration (2nd) Held in Auburn University, Alabama on 4-6 March 1992. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-03-06

    Kazarov, V.G. Karadgi, and A.S. Mirskov, Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute ( TSAGI ), Russia STATISTICS OF REVERBERANT TRANSFER FUNCTIONS...THE NORMAL OPERATION OF CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS ................................... 1521 L ComAnescu, INCERC-Acoustic Laboratory, Romania A. Stan, Academia...Romang, Romania A SIMPLE LASER DEVICE FOR NONCONTACT VIBRATIONAL AMPLITUDE MEASUREMENT OF SOLIDS

  16. Developing the Profession of School Psychology in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terjesen, Mark D.; Kassay, Kimberly S.; Bolger, Maria

    2008-01-01

    Building upon a successful prior initial trip to Vietnam in January 2008, students and faculty from St. John's University (STJ) School Psychology program returned to work with the faculty from Hanoi National University of Education (HNUE) in developing the profession of school psychology in that country. The purpose of this trip was twofold: (1)…

  17. Polycultural psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Michael W; Chiu, Chi-yue; Liu, Zhi

    2015-01-01

    We review limitations of the traditional paradigm for cultural research and propose an alternative framework, polyculturalism. Polyculturalism assumes that individuals' relationships to cultures are not categorical but rather are partial and plural; it also assumes that cultural traditions are not independent, sui generis lineages but rather are interacting systems. Individuals take influences from multiple cultures and thereby become conduits through which cultures can affect each other. Past literatures on the influence of multiple cultural identities and cultural knowledge legacies can be better understood within a polyculturalist rubric. Likewise, the concept elucidates how cultures are changed by contact with other cultures, enabling richer psychological theories of intercultural influence. Different scientific paradigms about culture imply different ideologies and policies; polyculturalism's implied policy of interculturalism provides a valuable complement to the traditional policy frames of multiculturalism and colorblindness.

  18. A New Direction in Psychology and Politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Evan R.

    2008-01-01

    Jonathan Haidt remembers reading "Metaphors We Live By", the influential book that George P. Lakoff, a professor of linguistics and cognitive science at the University of California at Berkeley, wrote with Mark L. Johnson, a professor of philosophy at the University of Oregon. The book drew on cognitive science, psychology, linguistics, and…

  19. A New Direction in Psychology and Politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Evan R.

    2008-01-01

    Jonathan Haidt remembers reading "Metaphors We Live By", the influential book that George P. Lakoff, a professor of linguistics and cognitive science at the University of California at Berkeley, wrote with Mark L. Johnson, a professor of philosophy at the University of Oregon. The book drew on cognitive science, psychology, linguistics, and…

  20. A study on the influence of outward-bound training to the student's psychological health situation of university and college%拓展训练对大学生心理健康水平影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李达伟

    2011-01-01

    By using the methods of the symptom self-evaluation test and PE activity level test,This article analyses the student's psychological health situation of university and college,and explores the influence on outward-bound training to the student's psychological health situation of university and college,then provides some references for curriculum reform of higher physical education.%采用症状自评量表、体育活动等级量表等方式,研究普通高等院校大学生的心理健康状况,探讨心理拓展训练对大学生心理健康的作用,为高等体育教育的课程改革提供依据。

  1. 西藏高校图书馆员职业倦怠现象的心理因素分析及应对策略%Psychological Factors Analysis on and Coping Strategies for the Job Burnout Phenomenon of the Librarians in Tibet Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张若蓉

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT:This paper introduces the concept and symptoms of the job burnout, analyzes the psychological factors of the job burnout phenomenon of the librarians in Tibet universities and its causes, and puts forward some psychological strategies for solving the job burnout phenomenon of the librarians in Tibet universities.%介绍了职业倦怠的概念及症状,分析了西藏高校图书馆员职业倦怠现象的心理因素及其起因,提出了解决西藏高校图书馆员职业倦怠现象的心理学应对策略。

  2. The Dialectic Psychology perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveros M., Ricardo; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú

    2014-01-01

    The present paper exposes the dialectic psychology perspectives in the twentieth first century Peru. We ponder about the dialectics psychology denomination, connecting them to other denominations used in the materialist psychology trend. We analyze the relations between dialectics psychology and social neuroscience, delimiting both the psychological sciences field and the neuroscience field. We develop issues from the emancipator project of dialectics psychology, precising personal developmen...

  3. Uso de álcool e tabaco entre estudantes de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo Alcohol and tobacco use among Psychology students at the Federal University of Espírito Santo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Vinícius Ferreira dos Santos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil do uso de álcool e tabaco entre universitários do curso de graduação em Psicologia do Centro de Ciências Humanas e Naturais da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo de corte transversal, com abordagem quantitativa. A população estudada foi de alunos matriculados no referido curso no segundo semestre do ano de 2010, constituindo uma amostra de 221 estudantes. O questionário utilizado foi o mesmo utilizado no I Levantamento Nacional entre Universitários, proposto pela Secretaria Nacional de Políticas sobre Drogas. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos estudantes era solteira (90,1%, do sexo feminino (81%, estava na faixa etária de 18 a 24 anos (81%, era da raça/cor caucasoide/branca (57,5% e 55% referiram pertencer às classes econômicas B1 e B2. Encontrou-se maior prevalência de álcool (85,07% e tabaco (33,07% na frequência uso na vida, sendo o uso de álcool maior que na população geral. As substâncias associadas ao uso de álcool na vida foram a maconha (p-valor = 0,007, os tranquilizantes (p = 0,011 e os anfetamínicos (p = 0,045. Já para o uso de tabaco na vida, as substâncias mais associadas foram a maconha (p = 0,0001, os inalantes (p = 0,0001, os alucinógenos (p = 0,0001 e os anfetamínicos (p = 0,001. CONCLUSÃO: É necessária maior abordagem nos currículos de graduação, especialmente da Psicologia, sobre o consumo de substâncias psicoativas e seus impactos para o indivíduo, a família e a sociedade, bem como a criação de programas preventivos específicos para estudantes universitários.OBJECTIVE: Profiling the use of alcohol and tobacco among the undergraduate students of Psychology at the Center for Human and Natural Sciences of Federal University of Espírito Santo. METHODS: The study population were students enrolled in the second semester of 2010 in the psychology undergraduate, comprising a sample of 221 students. The questionnaire used was the same

  4. The history of psychology course in Spanish psychology curricula: Past, present, future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chisvert-Perales, Mauricio; Monteagudo-Soto, María J; Mestre, Vicenta

    2016-05-01

    Since the university education of psychologists began in Spain in 1954, the history of psychology course has been included in the curriculum. In the first few years, only half of the curricula offered the course. From 1973 to 2007, the universities' organization and regulation underwent successive reforms that involved changes in the curricula, decreeing specific national guidelines for each degree and establishing a minimum set of common required courses, called core courses, including the history of psychology. In 2007, the European Higher Education Area was set up, transforming the 5-year bachelor's degrees into 4-year degrees and eliminating the required guidelines, with each university being able to define the content of their curricula. The Dean's Conference for Psychology agreed on some recommendations related to core courses, which continued to include the history of psychology and were adopted by the majority of the universities. In 2015, the government established a new national regulation that makes it possible for each university to voluntarily reduce the length of the bachelor's degree to 3 years. Some psychology historians believe that this hypothetical reduction in the length of the degree, along with the already existing general tendency to prioritize applied or practical courses over basic or fundamental ones, could produce an appropriate scenario for the disappearance of the history of psychology course in some universities.

  5. Evolutionary developmental psychology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    King, Ashley C; Bjorklund, David F

    2010-01-01

    The field of evolutionary developmental psychology can potentially broaden the horizons of mainstream evolutionary psychology by combining the principles of Darwinian evolution by natural selection...

  6. Library Mechanization at Auburn Community College

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eloise F. Hilbert

    1970-03-01

    Full Text Available Use of an IBM 1401 computer and a single keypunch operation for changing a college book collection from Dewey decimal to Library of Congress classification; for acquisitions, accounting and circulation procedures; and for production of a list of periodical holdings. A mark-sense reproducer is used for the circulation system.

  7. Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zucchero, Renee' A.

    2011-01-01

    Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

  8. Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zucchero, Renee' A.

    2011-01-01

    Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

  9. Commentary on the Future of Community Psychology: Perspective of a Research Community Psychologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milburn, Norweeta G

    2016-12-01

    Community psychology is commented upon from the perspective of a community psychologist who was trained in the Community Psychology Program at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Her background and training are reviewed. A brief survey of research on homelessness as a frame for community psychology research is presented. Concluding remarks are provided on the future of research in community psychology.

  10. Study to Examine Psychological Processes in Suicidal Ideation and Behavior (STEPPS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    diagnoses to better understand suicide; suicide is the result of a complex interplay of psychological , social and biological factors. A more...encounter frequent physiological/ psychological stressors, therefore identifying suicide risk and resilience factors in military personnel is vital; so...being conducted in a military sample, the fundamental psychological processes that underpin suicide risk are likely to be universal. New psychological

  11. Proposals and Countermeasures for Freshmen Psychological Healthy Condition: A Questionnaire Investigation of 2447 Freshmen From a Yunnan Province university as an example%大学新生心理健康状况调查与对策建议——以云南某高校2447名新生问卷调查为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅再军; 黄荣华

    2011-01-01

    University freshmen are a special group who are in the stage of crossing from high school education to university education.When using the UPI questionnaire to investigate 2000 students of a certain university in Yunnan,we find that about one third of the students are in a below-healthy psychological condition.They generally have emotions of anxiety,dread,depression,sadness,contradiction,stress and so on.This paper analyzes the causes of psychological healthy problems of the freshmen,and proposes countermeasures to strengthen freshmen psychological healthy education.%大学新生是个特殊群体,正处于中学受教育者与大学受教育者之间的跨越阶段。利用大学生人格健康调查表对云南某高校2000余名新生进行问卷调查,调查结果显示,约有1/3的新生普遍存在焦虑、恐惧、压抑、担忧、矛盾、应激等亚健康的心理状态;在分析大学新生心理健康问题成因的基础上,提出加强大学新生心理健康教育的对策建议。

  12. 高校结课考试作弊心理及对策的新视角分析%A New Perspective Analysis on the Cheating Psychology and Solutions of University Course-end Examination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张天伟

    2012-01-01

    Cheating is very common in university course-end exams,a new perspective analysis is introduced.Exam is divided into recruitment and passing exam,students are divided into excellent and poor performance students.Basing on the analysis on the cheating psychology of two class in the condition of recruitment and passing exam,this paper presents some advices to reduce cheating phenomenon,there are invigilating strictly poor performance students,using open-book exams and improving test paper quality,providing careful and strict invigilation,implementing cheating punishment.It is pointed that the measures put forward are not to avoid cheating completely,but only a compromise to reduce cheating,for the current examination system needs to be perfected.%当前高校结课考试中的作弊现象十分普遍,本文从一种新角度对该问题进行分析。首先将考试分为选拔性考试和通过性考试,将学生分为绩优学生和绩差学生。在分析不同考试背景下两类学生作弊心理基础上,提出重点监考绩差学生,采用开卷考试和提高试卷质量,监考教师认真监考,作弊处罚落到实处共4项应对考试作弊的对策。

  13. Outcomes of Introduction to the Psychology Major: Careers and Opportunities Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roscoe, Lauren J.; McMahan, Ethan A.

    2014-01-01

    University career courses have become a more standard offering at many colleges and universities over the past few decades. Similarly, there has been an increase in the number of psychology departments offering a careers course for psychology majors or an introduction to the psychology major course. This study examines the outcomes of a course…

  14. On 50 Years of Giving Psychology Away: An Interview with Philip Zimbardo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slavich, George M.

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Philip Zimbardo, emeritus professor of psychology at Stanford University, who is internationally recognized as the voice and face of contemporary American psychology. He earned his PhD in social psychology from Yale University in 1959 and has since received seven honorary doctorates for his contributions to…

  15. Outcomes of Introduction to the Psychology Major: Careers and Opportunities Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roscoe, Lauren J.; McMahan, Ethan A.

    2014-01-01

    University career courses have become a more standard offering at many colleges and universities over the past few decades. Similarly, there has been an increase in the number of psychology departments offering a careers course for psychology majors or an introduction to the psychology major course. This study examines the outcomes of a course…

  16. INTELIGENCIA EMOCIONAL E ÍNDICES DE BULLYING EN ESTUDIANTES DE PSICOLOGÍA DE UNA UNIVERSIDAD PRIVADA DE BARRANQUILLA, COLOMBIA - EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND BULLYING RATE IN STUDENTS OF PSYCHOLOGY AT A PRIVATE UNIVERSITY IN BARRANQUILLA, COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JANETH MARÍA MERCADO ESPINOSA

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Bullying as behavior that leads to complications in classroom coexistence would have deficiencies associated with emotional skills. Following the ideas of Mayer and Salovey (2007; Fernández-Berrocal and Extremera (2004, emotional intelligence and bullyingrate from a hundred volunteer students of psychology at a private university in Barranquilla, were compared. They were also applied the tests: TMMS-24 Fernandez- -Berrocal, Extremera and Ramos (2006 and the checklist my life at the university adapted from My life at school of Arora (1989 by Vasquez, Ávila, Márquez, Martínez & Mercado (2008. Although they are not conclusive, the results suggest appropriate emotional intelligence and low bullying rate in most of participants; however we must not ignore the probability of manifestations of these behaviors in other members of the sample. For this reason, we suggest to adequate spaces for the strengthening of attention, clarity and emotional restoration skills to counteract manifestations of aggressive behaviour in the classroom.ResumenEl bullying, como conducta que genera complicaciones en la convivencia en el aula, tendría como factor asociado deficiencias en las habilidades emocionales. Siguiendo las ideas de Mayer y Salovey (2007; Fernández-Berrocal y Extremera (2004, se compararon la inteligencia emocional y el índice de bullying de 100 estudiantes voluntarios de Psicología de una universidad privada de Barranquilla, aplicándoseles el TMMS-24 de Fernández-Berrocal, Extremeray Ramos (2006 y la lista de chequeo Mi vida en la Universidad adaptado de Mi vida en la Escuela de Arora (1989 por Vásquez, Ávila, Márquez, Martínez y Mercado (2008. Aun cuando no son concluyentes, los resultados si bien sugieren adecuada inteligencia emocional y bajoíndice de bullying en la mayoría de los participantes, no debe descartarse la probabilidad de aparición de estas conductas en los restantes miembros de la muestra, por lo cual se sugiere la

  17. [The psychological universe of the asthmatic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fréour, P; Taytard, A; De Boucaud, M

    1986-01-01

    The very nature of asthmatic attacks is alarming. Waiting for an attack in itself creates anxiety. The unpredictable nature of the condition is also anxiety producing. However, this type of anxiety is not simple and the patient's attitude to it is often ambiguous. Asthmatic patients do not have a specific type of personality but a neurotic and psychosomatic context is common. By psychosomatic we mean reactional behaviour to the disease rather than "psychogenesis" of attacks, although emotional factors are often observed. Asthmatic patients do not live alone. They live in an environment which affects them and which is affected by them: a special psychodynamic relationship is set up, especially in young patients, and not to recognise it would be to ignore part of the patient and of the disease.

  18. Undisciplined beginnings, academic success, and discursive psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billig, Michael

    2012-09-01

    This paper reflects on the conditions under which Discourse and social psychology, Common knowledge, and the author's Arguing and thinking were written. These books, which were independently conceived, were not specifically written as contributions to 'discursive psychology', for discursive psychology did not exist at that time. Their authors were rejecting conventional approaches to doing psychological research. The paper discusses what it takes for a new academic movement, such as discursive psychology, to be successfully established in the current climate of 'academic capitalism'. Two requirements are particularly mentioned: the necessity for a label and the necessity for adherents to be recruited. Of the three books, only Discourse and social psychology was outwardly recruiting its readers to a new way of doing social psychology. Arguing and thinking, with its celebration of ancient rhetoric, was much more ambiguous in its aims. It was turning away from present usefulness towards the past. By claiming to be 'an antiquarian psychologist' the author was rejecting disciplinary thinking. The paper also considers the intellectual costs of establishing a new specialism or sub-discipline. The 'first generation' may have freedom, but success can bring about a narrowing of perspectives and the development of orthodoxies for subsequent academic generations. This applies as much to the development of experimental social psychology as to discursive psychology. These processes are particular enhanced in the present socio-economic situation of contemporary universities, which make it more difficult for young academics to become, in the words of William James, 'undisciplinables'.

  19. Decolonizing Liberation: Toward a Transnational Feminist Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuğçe Kurtiş

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper engages the theme of “decolonizing psychological science” in the context of a perspective on psychological theory and research—namely, feminist psychology—that shares an emphasis on broad liberation. Although conceived as a universal theory and practice of liberation, scholars across diverse sites have suggested that feminism—perhaps especially as it manifests in psychological science—is not always compatible with and at times is even contradictory to global struggles for decolonization. The liberatory impulse of feminist psychology falls short of its potential not only because of its grounding in neocolonial legacies of hegemonic feminisms, but also because of its complicity with neocolonial tendencies of hegemonic psychological science. In response to these concerns, we draw upon on perspectives of transnational feminisms and cultural psychology as tools to decolonize (feminist psychology. We then propose the possibility of a (transnational feminist psychology that takes the epistemological position of people in various marginalized majority-world settings as a resource to rethink conventional scientific wisdom and liberate “liberation”. Rather than freeing some women to better participate in global domination, a transnational feminist psychology illuminates sustainable ways of being that are consistent with broader liberation of humanity in general.

  20. Psychology of psychology? A theoretization of psychological science through historical and socio-anthropological analysis of Psychology as institution

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Žužek-Kres

    2008-01-01

    The article presents a "new" history of psychology, which is also termed as "psychology of psychology". In some academic communities this unconventional history of psychology represents today an accepted approach to epistemological questions about psychological concepts and it enables an insight into social contextualization of Psychology as an institution. The conclusion presents a referential and institutional context where this psychology of psychology is realized.

  1. 论“治未病”思想在构建大学生心理健康问题防御体系中的应用%On the Application of the Thought of "Preventive Treat-ment of Disease"in Constructing a Defense System against University Students' Psychological Health Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈翔

    2015-01-01

    文章从中医“治未病”思想的内涵入手,重构了大学生心理健康问题的“未病”五形态,主要包括心理问题“未生”期、“未发”期、“未盛”期、“未传”期及“未复”期。并结合高校大学生心理健康教育工作实际,提出切实有效的针对不同心理问题阶段的不同防治措施。在心理问题未生期时,高校应重视新生的心理健康知识普及与心理问题普查;在心理问题未发期时,要加强大学生成长发展性心理问题的咨询服务;在心理问题未盛期时,要做到早发现、早治疗,提供更专业的心理咨询服务;在心理问题未传期时,要构建心理问题社会支持系统,守住心理危机突发的底线;在心理问题未复期时,要重视心理关怀和帮扶。%Starting from the connotation of the thought of "pre-ventive treatment of disease"in traditional Chinese medicine, this paper re-constructs five forms of"sub-health"in university stu-dents' psychological health problems, including healthy state, sub-healthy state, initial state, serious state, and rehabilitation state. Combined with the practical work in the psychological health education of university students, this paper proposes feasi-ble and targeted preventive measures. In the healthy state, uni-versity administrators should pay attention to the popularization of psychological healthy knowledge and the survey of psychological problems among freshmen;in the sub-healthy state, psychologi-cal counseling services for university students' growth and devel-opment should be enhanced; in the initial state, early detection and early treatment are important, and professional psychological counseling services should be provided;in the serious state, a so-cial supporting system against psychological problems should be constructed, in order to hold the bottom line of psychological cri-sis burst;in the rehabilitation state, psychological care and sup

  2. New approaches to sport and exercise psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book contains articles based on selected presentations at the 11th European Congress of Sport Psychology, a congress arranged by the Danish Forum of Sport Psychology and the Institute of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, between 22 and 27 July 2003 in Copenhagen, Denmark.1......) The intention of this publication is to introduce the reader to a selection of articles which the editors would like to summarize under the title New Approaches to Sport and Exercise Psychology. Despite the diversity in content and form, all the articles have been selected on the basis of one common orientation......: they contribute something new or different to the field of sport and exercise psychology, for example, a new epistemological understanding, a new theoretical approach, a new research method or a new perspective on the applicability of sport psychology to different settings in the domain of sport, games...

  3. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY AFTER THE PGS (GENERAL HEALTHCARE PSYCHOLOGY IN SPAIN: A REASONED PROPOSAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César González-Blanch

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available From now on, for the independent practice of psychology in the field of health in Spain, the psychologist must complete the newly created Master’s degree in General Healthcare Psychology. However, this mandatory university course is not required for access to the specialised healthcare training that provides the title of “clinical psychologist” (the PIR, an internship in Clinical Psychology. In this paper we argue in favour of changing the access to the specialised training program in clinical psychology so as to ensure that the knowledge and skills specifically related to healthcare offered by the university are included in the curricula of future clinical psychologists. Finally, the risks to the entire profession of impoverishing the university studies of clinical psychologists are discussed.

  4. Introduction to Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Lesley

    Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an…

  5. Introduction to Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Lesley

    Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an…

  6. Mainstreaming Culture in Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Fanny M.

    2012-01-01

    Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural…

  7. 体育舞蹈对大学生身心健康的影响%Effect of dance-sport on physical-psychological health of university students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓新; 姚璇

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Dance-sport is a newly emerging sport item, integrating sport with music and dance. It not only develops physical diathesis and sport skills, but also actively affects psychological health of university students.OBJECTIVE: To analyze and observe the changes in psychological health, physical diathesis and musical cultivation after dance-sport training for university students.DESIGN: Cross-section investigation was designed, in which, the students in elective class of dance-sport were taken as objects.SETTING: Department of Physical Education of China University of Mining and Technology.PARTICIPANTS: Totally 116 students were collected from 2001' elective class of dance-sport in China University of Mining and Technology from September 2001 to January 2003. All of receptors selected dance-sport at the first time. Of 120 copies of Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) were provided and 116 of those were returned, in which, 58 students were either male or female, aged averagely 19.7 years.METHODS: Questionnaire: SCL-90 was used to evaluate 9 main outcome measures, named psychological health, somatization, obsessive compulsive (o-c) symptoms, personal relations, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobism,paranoid ideation and metal disorder; in which, 5 grades were adopted,named 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 grades, to represent no, mild, moderate, severe and extremely severe impacts successively. Test: according to stipulated music rate, cardiac rate and music were tested so as to observe the changes in physical diathesis and capacity of musical rhythm understanding. Simultaneously, literatures were looked up on education, psychology and physical education to provide theoretic evidence for this paper. The questionnaire was provided before and after the semester respectively and returned for music test. Test on cardiac rate was performed at the end of semester.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Comparison among the results of two SCL-90 evaluations, positive number and total average result in

  8. DISTANCE FORMAT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL COMPETENCIES DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunona M. Ilina

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper is focused on the conceptual model of the distance learning course (DLC “Success” aimed at the development of psychological competencies. The course was developed on the basis of design technology method and intended for adults that are in need of psychological competencies development, i.e. inhabitants of villages, towns, people with special needs, university faculty, trainers and social workers, educators, who want to use DLC in the process of psychological competencies development that are the result in enhancement of life quality. The structure of the distance learning course “Success” and underlying principles is described.

  9. Les contributions de la psychologie cognitive a l'enseignement strategique des langues secondes au niveau universitaire (The Contributions of Cognitive Psychology to Strategic Second Language Instruction at the University Level).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besnard, Christine

    1995-01-01

    Contributions of the field of cognitive psychology to second language instruction are reviewed. It is proposed that these concepts can contribute not only to classroom language instruction, but also to methodology of language teacher education. (MSE)

  10. Les contributions de la psychologie cognitive a l'enseignement strategique des langues secondes au niveau universitaire (The Contributions of Cognitive Psychology to Strategic Second Language Instruction at the University Level).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besnard, Christine

    1995-01-01

    Contributions of the field of cognitive psychology to second language instruction are reviewed. It is proposed that these concepts can contribute not only to classroom language instruction, but also to methodology of language teacher education. (MSE)

  11. 素质拓展训练与大学生发展性心理健康教育研究--以大理学院为例%A Research on the Correlation between the Quality Development Training and the Developmental Psychological Health Education:Taking Dali University as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文娟; 浦伟

    2013-01-01

    Taking the quality development training of Dali University as an example,this study argues that the quality development training can effectively improve the psychological quality of college students. It is an effective way of the developmental psychological health education. According to different grades of college students' physical and psychological characteristics, we can construct the environmental adaptation period, problem-prone period, emotional conflict period, job-hunting period as the theme of the college students' psychological quality development training curriculum system .%  以大理学院素质拓展训练实践为例,发现素质拓展训练能有效提升大学生的心理素质,是大学生发展性心理健康教育的有效途径。可针对不同年级的学生身心发展的一般特点和规律,构建以环境适应期、问题多发期、情感冲突期、择业求职期为主题的大学生心理素质拓展课程体系。

  12. The Application of Group Psychological Counseling Tech-nology in the Career Education and Teaching of Universi-ty Students%团体心理辅导技术在大学生职业生涯教育教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚宇红

    2014-01-01

    随着时代的发展,高校职业生涯教育的刚性需求不断增加,为了充分发挥职业生涯教育教学的作用,满足学生的实际需求,团体心理辅导作为一种有效的心理辅导教学手段,运用于大学生职业生涯教育教学中。课程教师要理解和掌握基本的心理咨询理论与技术,优化教学内容,熟悉掌握教学程序,注重调动学生参与教学的积极性。%With the development of the times, the rigid demand for university career education is continuously increased. In order to give full play to the role of career education teaching and meet students' actual needs, group psychological counseling, as an ef-fective psychological counseling means, is applied to the career education and teaching of university students. The responsible teachers should understand and master basic psychological counseling theories and techniques, optimize teaching contents, be familiar with teaching procedures, and pay attention to the motivation of students' enthusiasm in participating in teaching.

  13. Mauricio Goldenberg, un camino hacia la psiquiatría humanizada: Marcas para la inserción de la psicología universitaria Mauricio Goldenberg, a path towards humanized psychiatry: Tracks for the insertion of the university psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Diamant

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A Mauricio Goldenberg¹, a los 80 años, le gustaba presentarse como un psiquiatra veterano que había dedicado su vida al ejercicio profesional y a cambiar la ideología, los modelos y los recursos de atención al sufrimiento psíquico de las personas. Atravesó, desde 1944, la formación tradicional en el Hospicio de las Mercedes hasta la usina de innovaciones que dirigió en el Hospital Aráoz Alfaro de Lanús, desde 1956, participando desde la creación en el Instituto Nacional de Salud Mental. Continuó en el Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, desde 1971 hasta que debió partir al exilio a Venezuela en 1976. Convocado como docente de la novel Carrera de Psicología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA por el Rector Risieri Frondizi, su vínculo fuerte con estudiantes ancló en lo que consideró su experiencia más valiosa, el Servicio de Psicopatología del Hospital de Lanús, uno de los primeros espacios de inserción laboral para los psicólogos.At the age of 80, Mauricio Goldenberg² liked to introduce himself as a veteran psychiatrist who had devoted his life to the professional exercise and to change the ideology, the models and assistance sources for people's psychic suffering. His formal education was at Hospicio de las Mercedes in 1944. He has directed the innovation generator at Hospital Aráoz Alfaro, in Lanús, since 1956. He has also participated in the Instituto Nacional de Salud Mental since it was created. He continued at Hospital Italiano, in Buenos Aires, from 1971 until 1976 when he went into exile in Venezuela. Principal Risieri Frondizi called him to be a professor at the new Course of Studies of Psychology at the University of Buenos Aires (UBA. His strong relations with the students were his most valuable experience: the Psychopathologist Service at Hospital de Lanús, which was one of the first labor places for psychologists.

  14. 地方高校大学生气质性乐观和心理幸福感的关系%The Relationship between Local University Students’Dispositional Optimism and Their Psychological Well-being

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淑华

    2016-01-01

    To explore the relationship between local university students’dispositional optimism and psychological well-being,a questionnaire survey involving 278 college students in Lishui was conducted,using Lot-R and Multidimensional Well-being Scale. Based on the result, the following strategies for guiding the happiness education for students are proposed: instituting mental health curriculum related with the view of happiness for freshmen,including setback-resistance education into mental health curriculum to help students to cope with setbacks more positively,building a campus environment which can help to improve students’perception of happiness, guiding students to reach a profound understanding of happiness via social practices, and implementing happiness education for teachers as a HR strategy.%采用扩展的生活倾向问卷(LOT-R)和Ryff心理幸福感量表对丽水市278名在校大学生进行问卷调查,分析大学生气质性乐观与心理幸福感之间的关系,并在此基础上对大学生的幸福观教育提出指导策略:高校为新生开设与幸福观有关的心理健康课程;在心理健康教育中增加挫折教育,帮助大学生改变消极应对方式;在校园文化建设中营造能帮助大学生提升幸福感的校园环境;在社会实践中引导学生加深对幸福观的理解;另外从人力资源策略层面也应该对高校教师开展员工幸福观教育。

  15. Undergraduate study in psychology: Curriculum and assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norcross, John C; Hailstorks, Robin; Aiken, Leona S; Pfund, Rory A; Stamm, Karen E; Christidis, Peggy

    2016-01-01

    The undergraduate curriculum in psychology profoundly reflects and shapes the discipline. Yet, reliable information on the undergraduate psychology curriculum has been difficult to acquire due to insufficient research carried out on unrepresentative program samples with disparate methods. In 2014, APA launched the first systematic effort in a decade to gather national data on the psychology major and program outcomes. We surveyed a stratified random sample of department chairs/coordinators of accredited colleges and universities in the United States that offer undergraduate courses and programs in psychology. A total of 439 undergraduate psychology programs (45.2%) completed the survey. This article summarizes, for both associate and baccalaureate programs, the results of the Undergraduate Study in Psychology. Current practices concerning the introductory course, the courses offered, core requirements, the psychology minor, and tracks/concentrations are presented. The frequency of formal program reviews and program-level assessment methods are also addressed. By extending prior research on the undergraduate curriculum, we chronicle longitudinal changes in the psychology major over the past 20 years.

  16. Historizing epistemology in psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jovanović, Gordana

    2010-12-01

    The conflict between the psychometric methodological framework and the particularities of human experiences reported in psychotherapeutic context led Michael Schwarz to raise the question whether psychology is based on a methodological error. I take this conflict as a heuristic tool for the reconstruction of the early history of psychology, which bears witness to similar epistemological conflicts, though the dominant historiography of psychology has largely forgotten alternative conceptions and their valuable insights into complexities of psychic phenomena. In order to work against the historical amnesia in psychology I suggest to look at cultural-historical contexts which decisively shaped epistemological choices in psychology. Instead of keeping epistemology and history of psychology separate, which nurtures individualism and naturalism in psychology, I argue for historizing epistemology and for historical psychology. From such a historically reflected perspective psychology in contemporary world can be approached more critically.

  17. Psychological Theories of Acculturation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ozer, Simon

    2017-01-01

    The proliferation of cultural transition and intercultural contact has highlighted the importance of psychological theories of acculturation. Acculturation, understood as contact between diverse cultural streams, has become prevalent worldwide due to technological, economical, and educational...... advancements, together with greater mobility. Acculturation psychology aims to comprehend the dynamic psychological processes and outcomes emanating from intercultural contact. Acculturation psychology has been a growing field of research within cross-cultural psychology. Today, psychological theories...... of acculturation also include cognate disciplines such as cultural psychology, social psychology, sociology, and anthropology.The expansion of psychological theories of acculturation has led to advancements in the field of research as well as the bifurcation of epistemological and methodological approaches...

  18. HIJOS ADULTOS DE MADRES/PADRES ALCOHÓLICOS Y FACTORES DE RIESGO PSICOLÓGICOS EN ESTUDIANTES UNIVERSITARIOS (ADULT CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLIC PARENTS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL RISK FACTORS IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiménez Chafey María Isabel

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:El propósito principal de la investigación presentada en este artículo fue identificar la prevalencia de hijos adultos de padres/madres alcohólicos (HADA en estudiantes universitarios de nuevo ingreso. Se exploró la presencia de factores de riesgo psicológicos (autoestima, codependencia, síntomas de ansiedad y depresión y se compararon estas variables entre los HADA y los No-HADA. Se administró un cuestionario de auto-reporte a la población universitaria del recinto de Río Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico donde el 23% de la muestra reporta ser HADA. Los resultados generales revelaron que existen diferencias significativas entre los HADA y no-HADA en síntomas de ansiedad, depresión, codependencia y autoestima; los HADA presentan menor autoestima, más indicadores de codependencia y mayores síntomas de depresión y ansiedad. Se encontró una relación positiva significativa entre ser HADA y síntomas de ansiedad, depresión y codependencia, así como una relación negativa significativa y autoestima. Estos hallazgos sugieren que una población significativa de estudiantes de nuevo ingreso podría estar en alto riesgo de presentar dificultades en la salud mental que pueden incidir en su desarrollo académico, personal y profesional. Por lo tanto, se deben desarrollar estrategias efectivas de identificación temprana e intervención en los centros de consejería para trabajar con esta población.Abstract: The main objective of this article is to present the results of a study that explored the prevalence of Adult Children of Alcoholics (ACOA in first year students. The prevalence of psychological risk factors (codependence, self-esteem, symptoms of depression and anxiety was explored and compared between ACOA and non-ACOA students. A self-report questionnaire measuring the variables of interest was administered to the population of first year students at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus. Twenty three

  19. AUTOESTIMA EN ESTUDIANTES DE PRIMER SEMESTRE DEL PROGRAMA DE PSICOLOGÍA DE UNA UNIVERSIDAD PRIVADA DE LA COSTA CARIBE COLOMBIANA -- SELF-ESTEEM OF FIRST-SEMESTER STUDENT FROM THE PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM AT A PRIVATE UNIVERSITY IN THE COLOMBIAN CARIBBEAN COAST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LILIA ANGéLICA CAMPO TERNERA

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Studied the level of self-esteem of students entering first semester psychology program, to then determine the effect of an intervention plan, and that self-esteem directly influences then behavior of individuals, will put the question: Which is the level of self-esteem in young people who enter the program in psychology?; for this descriptive study was organized with 128 university students of differents sexes. They were selected intencionally and were applied Coopersmith self esteem inventory (1959 in an adaptation approved J.Prewitt-Diaz (1984. The main results show that men have a better acceptance and valuation of himself that the group of women, while self-esteem in relation to family, social and educational best performance was observed in the group of women, equally although differences are not significant, the group of children has a tendency towards better performance in the areas evaluated.

  20. The application of psychological effects for university public elective ——The case of "Adolescent Psychology"%谈心理效应在高校公共选修课中的应用——以青年心理学课程为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李向阳; 刘娜; 王益民

    2012-01-01

    Based on the analysis of practical teaching experience, this paper has analyzed the application of 8 psychological effects such as the card effect, The first impression effect, the threshold effect and so on for teaching content, classroom teaching and examination. We think that we can greatly improve the teaching effect by the reasonable and effective application of psychological effects for the university public electives.%根据教学实践经验,分析了名片效应、首因效应、门槛效应等8种心理效应在教学内容选择、课堂教学组织及课程考核中的应用,在公共选修课的教学过程中合理、有效地应用心理效应,能够极大地提高教学效果。

  1. IFE PsychologIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Influence of Parenting Styles on Psychological Well-Being and School Adjustment of ... Aviation Psychological Practice in the Nigerian Air Force: Challenges and ... Psychosocial Predictors of Quality of Life among Caregivers of Chronically Ill ...

  2. Personality theory, abnormal psychology, and psychological measurement. A psychological behaviorism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staats, A W

    1993-01-01

    Behaviorism, because it has not had a theory of personality, has been separated from the rest of psychology, unable in large part to draw from or contribute to it. Traditional psychology has not had a theory of personality that says what personality is, how it comes about, or how it functions. An antagonism has resulted that weakens rather than complements each tradition. Psychological behaviorism presents a new type of theory of personality. Derived from experimentation, it is constructed from basic theories of emotion, language, and sensory-motor behavior. It says personality is composed of learned basic behavioral repertoires (BBRs) that affect behavior. Personality measurement instruments are analyzed in terms of the BBRs, beginning the behaviorization of this field and calling for much additional research. These multilevel developments are then basic in psychological behaviorism's theory of abnormal behavior and of clinical treatment. The approach opens many new avenues of empirical and theoretical work.

  3. Phenomenon Dilemma Solution of Graduate Students' Career-Choosing Psychology: Based on the Survey and Interviews of Graduate Students'Career-Choosing Psychology in Six Universities in Hangzhou%硕士研究生择业心理现象、困境及出路——基于对杭州6所高校硕士研究生的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甄月桥; 洪赞

    2011-01-01

    Based on the survey and interviews of graduate students' career-choosing psychology in six universities in Hangzhou, through the analysis of the expectations of salary and working area, the type of work, self-awareness, job attitude, job searching ways, the paper reveals the psychological puzzles under new circumstances during the job hunting, and discusses the effective methods to properly guide the graduate students in job-choosing, arousing the society's concerns about high-quality employment of graduate students.%以在杭6所高校硕士研究生的择业心理现象问卷调查及访谈为基础,通过对硕士研究生择业的薪水期望、区域期望、单位性质、自我认知、就业态度及求职途径等方面的剖析,揭示新形势下硕士研究生在择业过程中产生的心理问题,探讨硕士研究生正确择业的有效举措,以期引起社会对硕士研究生实现高质量就业的关注.

  4. Analyses of Psychological Health and Influential Factors of New Postgraduates in the Military University%某军校研究生新生心理健康水平及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁娟; 阮昕敏; 林志永

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To survey psychological health of new postgraduates in the military university and analyze the influential factors to put preference for psychological health education .Methods:Taken the military university for ex‐ample ,all the new postgraduates were surveyed with Symptom Checklist 90(SCL -90)in recent three years .Results:Those with different genders had different scores of compulsory ,anxiety ,terror ,diet and sleep factors and the total score (t=2 1.26 ,3 8.38 ,3 6.24 ,2 6.42 ,2 2.71 ;P<0 0.5) ,so did those with different identities in the scores of compul‐sory ,interpersonal sensitivity ,anxiety ,terror ,paranoia ,psychotic factor ,diet and sleep factors and the total score(F=9 3.45 ,8 1.98 ,16 5.55 ,9 9.69 ,3 8.35 ,7 1.29 ,8 1.10 ,8 2.98 ;P<0 0.5) ,those with different working times in the scores of compulsory ,interpersonal sensitivity ,anxiety ,terror ,psychotic factor ,diet and sleep factors and the total score(F=4 9.44 ,6 6.03 ,4 7.35 ,7 1.71 ,6 0.05 ,4 9.06 ,5 3.58 ;P<0 0.5) ,those with different marital status in the scores of com‐pulsory and paranoia factors (t=2 2.94 ,2 4.34 ,P=0 0.22 ,0 0.15) ,those with different undergraduate colleges in the scores of compulsory ,anxiety ,terror ,diet and sleep factors and the total score(t=3 5.56 ,5 1.29 ,2 9.29 ,2 3.70 ,2 7.36 ;P<0 0.5) ,those with different parents'occupations in the scores of compulsory ,interpersonal sensitivity and anxiety (t=2 1.72 ,2 3.86 ,2 0.80 ,P=0 0.30 ,0 0.17 ,0 0.38) ,and those with different original units in all the SCL -90 scores except of hostility(t=2 4.54 ,3 1.30 ,3 7.36 ,1 9.79 ,4 4.55 ,4 4.38 ,2 1.32 ,3 7.04 ,4 5.23 ,4 0.22;P<0 0.5) .Conclusion:Psy‐chological health of new postgraduates in military university are good in generally ,which is influecnced by general demongraphic factors including genders ,inentities ,working times .%目的:调查某军校研究生新生心理健康水平,分析其影响因素,为开展心理健康教育提供依据。方

  5. Psychology of Language Classroom Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁志超

    2005-01-01

    This paper is based on my personal observation and context, as well as some implications inspired trom theones, First, I shall give an evaluation of traditional language classroom practice I am familiar to. Second, relating to some implications in the theories of socialcultural psychology, I shall discuss some principled ways in which the classroom practices I have described and evaluated might be modified in order that we could enhance the effective opportunities for social and individual learning processes. I shall also provide my suggested structure of a lesson, in which some practices are implemented in this language classroom. Last but not the least, I shall give my reflection on how my own psychology of learning has been developed since I arrived at the university to begin my English teaching.

  6. Psychology of Religion

    OpenAIRE

    Ulu, Mustafa

    2014-01-01

    In this chapter of book that entitled Science, Religion and Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Controversy has been given important informations about psychology of religion’s historical development as well as pioneer figures’ contributions. In this text some evaluations has been made by categorizing studies in field of psychology of religion. Finally some informations are provided about current status of the psychology of religion and position of the psychology of religion ...

  7. Logotherapy and positive psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Oscar R. Oro

    2015-01-01

    Psychology omitted to approach, during almost a century, the positive aspects from persons, like creativity, humor, optimism, hope, forgiveness, life meaning, and happiness. These themes are approached by Positive Psychology, with Seligman like the principal exponent. Psychology was dedicated to explore the negative aspects from human beings improving human health. Nevertheless, this pathogenic model could not prevent mental disease. Concepts of Positive Psychology have a solid antecedent in ...

  8. 高职院校学生心理危机干预体制的建立探微%The students' psychological crisis intervention system of higher vocational colleges and universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莎

    2016-01-01

    目前,高职院校学生的心理健康问题成了社会广泛关注的对象,因为各种原因,高职院校学生是心理危机发生频率最高的人群,学生的心理危机对和谐校园、平安校园构成不稳定因素。为了让心理危机学生的情况有所好转,乃至完全康复,学校应建立相关的心理危机干预机制,重视心理危机学生的发展。下面就关于高职院校学生的心理危机干预体制的建立做以简单分析。%At present, vocational college students’ mental health problems into the object of widespread concern in the community, because of various reasons, vocational college students are psychological crisis frequency highest crowd, students psychological crisis form unstable factors of harmonious campus, campus safety. In order to improve the situation of psychological crisis students, and even full recovery, the school should establish the relevant psychological crisis intervention mechanism, pay attention to the development of the psychological crisis of students. The following is about the establishment of the psychological crisis intervention system of higher vocational college students.

  9. Headache among medical and psychology students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferri-de-Barros, João Eliezer; Alencar, Mauricio José de; Berchielli, Luis Felipe; Castelhano Junior, Luis Carlos

    2011-06-01

    Headaches occur frequently and thus are a key component of sociocentric medical education. To study headaches among students of medicine and psychology in a single university. This was a questionnaire-based survey of a cohort of students of medicine and psychology. The overall lifetime prevalence of headache was 98% and over the last year, 91%. Tensional headache accounted for 59% and migraine 22% in medicine; and 48.5% and 32% respectively in psychology. Forty-five percent reported that headaches had a variable sporadic impact on their productivity. The self-medication rate was 77%. Thirty-six percent reported worsening since admission to the university. The prevalence of headaches was very high. Tension-type headaches predominated in males and migraine in females. Tension-type was more frequent among medical students than among psychology students; migraine was more frequent in psychology (more females) than in medicine. Both kinds of students reported that headaches caused low interference with daily activities. The students reported that their symptoms had worsened since admission to the university.

  10. Discussion on the Cultivation and Improvement of Young University Librarians’ Psychological Quality%试论高校图书馆青年馆员的心理素质培养与提高

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪露珠; 李建明

    2015-01-01

    阐述了青年馆员的职业发展困境,分析了青年馆员现阶段的心理特征,指出心理素质培养与提高是激励青年馆员职业能力的重要手段。%This paper expounds the career dilemma of young librarians, analyzes the psychological characteristics of young librarians at this stage, and points out that the cultivation and improvement of psychological quality is an important way to inspire young librarians’ professional ability.

  11. Pioneers in pediatric psychology: integrating nutrition and child development interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Maureen M

    2015-05-01

    As part of the Pioneers in Pediatric Psychology series, this article provides a brief personal account of Maureen Black's career as a pediatric psychologist. It traces the transition of the Society of Pediatric Psychology (SPP) from a section of the Division of Clinical Psychology of the American Psychological Association (APA) to an independent division of APA, which occurred during my presidency of SPP. The article addresses three aspects of pediatric psychology that have been central to my career: pediatric nutritional problems, global child development, and the advancement of children's health and development through policy-related strategies. The article concludes with Lessons Learned and Recommendations for the future of pediatric psychology. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Pediatric Psychology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  12. Psychology in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

    2011-01-01

    Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts…

  13. Psychology and Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lester, David

    1987-01-01

    Psychology and literature focus on human behavior. There are several points where the interests of psychologists and literary scholars converge. This convergence is evident in the use of literature to test psychological theories and to understand human behavior in historical times, in the psychological analyses of literature, and in psychological…

  14. Humanistic Psychology: How Realistic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riebel, Linda

    1982-01-01

    Overviews themes relating to humanistic psychology. Discusses the tendency of theorists to unconsciously externalize their own psyches. Examines the historical context of humanistic psychology. Discusses humanistic psychology's contribution to understanding the less healthy person. Provides instances of unrealistic thinking by humanistic…

  15. Intro through Internet Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, Sandra K.; Kelliher, Thomas P.

    Psychology and computer science were clustered into a course in "Internet Psychology" with the goal of enabling students to use electronic networks responsibly and creatively and to understand the principles of psychology as they operate in the electronic context. Fourteen students from a variety of majors registered for the class.…

  16. Developing Sport Psychology in a Girls' Sport Academy Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the initial steps in developing and presenting Sport Psychology in a leadership and sport curriculum at Stellenbosch University's (SU) Centre for Human Performance Sciences' (CHPS) Academy for Girls' Leadership and Sport Development. Sport Psychology does not feature within the South African school curriculum specifically,…

  17. Should College Algebra be a Prerequisite for Taking Psychology Statistics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sibulkin, Amy E.; Butler, J. S.

    2008-01-01

    In order to consider whether a course in college algebra should be a prerequisite for taking psychology statistics, we recorded students' grades in elementary psychology statistics and in college algebra at a 4-year university. Students who earned credit in algebra prior to enrolling in statistics for the first time had a significantly higher mean…

  18. Competence Assessment Integrating Reflective Practice in a Professional Psychology Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Deborah; Virden, Tom; Hutchings, Philinda Smith; Bhargava, Ruchi

    2011-01-01

    The Midwestern University Clinical Psychology Program--Glendale Campus (MWU) created a Comprehensive Assessment Method in Psychology (CAMP) comprised of 35 different "tasks" of authentic work products representing a variety of assessment techniques based on pedagogical theory. Each task assesses one or more components of one of the program's five…

  19. A Video Introduction to Psychology: Enhancing Research Interest and Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sacco, Donald F.; Bernstein, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    To assess the extent to which a video about psychological research would heighten introductory psychology students' interest and participation in research studies, we created a video about ongoing research at our university, the value of research participation, and course requirements for the research experience. Instructors in 4 courses (N = 471…

  20. Giambattista Vico and the psychological imagination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tateo, Luca

    2015-01-01

    This special issue originates from an international workshop on “Vico and imagination,” that took place at Aalborg University in 2014, within a research project on Giambattista Vico and the epistemology of psychology. Imagination has inexplicably been relegated to the background in contemporary...... psychology, despite the fact that imaginative processes are involved in even the most mundane activities. In this editorial, I first present the rationale and the content of the articles and commentaries. Then I outline a brief history of the concept of imagination before Vico, drawing some consequences...... for contemporary psychology. Finally, I provide the proposal for a new research program on imagination as a higher psychological function that enables us to manipulate complex meanings of both linguistic and iconic forms in the process of experiencing....

  1. Psychological stress among undergraduate medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherina, M S; Rampal, L; Kaneson, N

    2004-06-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of psychological stress among medical students and to identify its symptoms and association with depression. A cross-sectional study design was used. Three-hundred and ninety-six medical students at a university in Malaysia were included in the study. Tools similar to the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were used to screen for psychological stress and depression, respectively. 41.9% of the medical students were found to have psychological stress, which was significantly associated with depression (chi2=4.636, df=1, p<0.05). Psychological stress is common among medical students and is associated with depression.

  2. Jane f. Kelly and catherine l. Ward Department of Psychology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Psychology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. ABStrAct .... Peter's father and brothers, Luke's father and Liam's brother ... discussed how his mother left him to be raised ... dren's development. A lack of ...

  3. 利用社交网络增强大学生思想疏导与教育实效性的思考%Reflections on the Use of Social Networking to Strengthen the Psychological Counseling and Education Effectiveness of University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟祥

    2014-01-01

    With the development of the Internet in the 21st cen-tury and the popularization of computer network in primary and higher education, social networking is developing vigorously in colleges and universities around China. Social networking has been gradually infiltrated into university students' daily life and exerted a subtle influence on university students' psychological activities, moral behavior, psychological health and attitude to-ward study. As a new carrier influencing the psychological edu-cation of university students, social networking should be at-tached to much importance in university psychological education work. Social networking can promote university students' peer and external communications, but it may also have negative effect if information is improperly spread. Therefore, faced with social networking as both an opportunity and a challenge, university e-ducators should conform to the development of the information times, and eliminate the adverse factors of social networking in university ideological education, so as to establish a new world of university students' ideological education and actively carry out the counseling and scientific guidance.%随着21世纪互联网的发展及计算机网络在初、高等教育中的普及,社交网络在中国各大高校发展得如火如荼。社交网络渐渐地融入了高校大学生的日常生活,潜移默化地影响着大学生的思想活动、道德行为、心理健康及学习态度等。作为影响大学生思想教育新载体的社交网络应该受到各大高校教育者对于大学生思想教育工作方面的重视。社交网络产生的影响不仅促进大学生与同群体及外界的交流,也可能因其信息传播的不当而对产生负面影响。因而,高校教育者面对既是机遇,又是挑战的思想教育新形式的社交网络,必须顺应信息时代的发展,剔除社交网络对大学生思想教育的不利因素,从而开辟大学生思

  4. Innovation in Psychology Teaching in Europe: A Scoping Survey of European Union Universities Use of Technology, Aims and Status of Teaching, Drivers of Change, and a Thematic Review of Recent Publications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Peter; Hammond, Jennifer; Lewandowska, Anna; Trapp, Annie; Marques, J. Frederico

    2014-01-01

    To investigate innovation in psychology teaching in European Union (EU) higher education, Europlat partners were surveyed and 43 replies were received from 30 countries. Estimated use of e-learning and other technologies including e-books and journals, virtual learning environments, lecture recording, plagiarism detection, laboratory simulation…

  5. How to Find Out in: Psychology. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Doris F.

    This library handbook was designed to aid the student of psychology. It lists reference materials basic to general research and gives their location in the Fogler Library at the University of Maine. Materials are listed in nine categories: (1) guides to the literature; (2) dictionaries, encyclopedias, and handbooks; (3) tests and measurements; (4)…

  6. Cognitive Psychology--An Educational Insight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muirhead, Brent

    2007-01-01

    Cognitive psychology offers relevant insights into improving the teaching and learning process. The author has selected ten questions from a graduate class in cognition and learning taken at The Teachers College, Columbia University. The questions will be used to examine the most effective ways to learn and recall information.

  7. 高校班级团体辅导中集体心理的转型与共振%The Transition and Resonance of Collective Psychology in University Class Group Counseling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴玉兰

    2016-01-01

    The class group counseling regards the class as the group situation, optimize class dynamic and op-timize interactive way and urge individuals to adjust and correct their thoughts and feelings, eventually, it o-vercomes the binary class psychological structure which is the fragmentation between individual and collective psychological and the the cohesion of psychological structure to promote personal development and class collec-tive goals’ realizing. So constructing the interaction between counselors and students, breaking the rigid class structure, integrating different fields in the context of habits, reducing conflict of the collective psychological, shaping rules of class group counseling and avoiding the reverse evolution in the condition of collective psycho-logical are necessary.%高校班级团体辅导以班级为团体情境,优化班级互动方式,促使班级个体在情感和思维上持续调整、修正,从而克服班级二元性心理结构,即个体与集体的心理割裂,塑成一体性心理结构,促进学生个性发展和班级集体目标的共同实现。因此,需要构建优化辅导员与学生及学生之间的互动关系,打破僵化的班集体心理结构;整合不同场域背景下的惯习,降低班集体心理冲突;塑成班级团体辅导规则,避免集体心理条件下的反向演进。

  8. The Psychology of Online Sociability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clemmensen, Torkil

    2006-01-01

    In this chapter, I will review current approaches to online sociability and present and exemplify a psychological theory, the Social Reality theory, of online sociability. By analyzing sociability in a virtual world based university course, I will present and analyze examples on how to understand...... the students' design of the conditions for sociability as communication about cultural symbols, such as avatars and virtual landscapes, and the social reality of perceived groups of people. The analysis results will be used to illustrate different kinds of online sociability: superficial, convivial...

  9. 高校体育教师心理契约与工作绩效关系研究--以福州市普通高校为例%The Relationship between College PE Teachers’ Psychological Contract and Job Performance by Taking Colleges and Universities in Fuzhou as Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敏

    2014-01-01

    236 Fuzhou colleges and university PE teachers’ psychological contract and job performance are investigated through questionnaires. The results show that the psychological contract has certain prediction effect on the college responsibility and post responsibility for promoting interpersonal relationships. It has nothing to do with the psychological contract task performance. Growth and development, economic and environmental responsibility, social responsibility, dedication to work have certain prediction effects.%采用问卷调查法对福建省236名普通高校体育教师的心理契约和工作绩效进行调查研究。研究结果显示,心理契约中的学校责任以及岗位责任对人际促进有一定的预测作用,任务绩效与心理契约无关,成长与发展、经济与环境责任、社会责任对工作奉献有一定的预测作用。

  10. Historical and Conceptual Notes about the Graduate Program in Psychology from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul / Anotações históricas e conceituais sobre o programa de pós-graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William B. Gomes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Brazilian Institutions of Higher Education were conceived in Brazil in the 19th century as centers of professional training which offered undergraduate programs giving little attention to research. A systematic research training started in 1951 with the creation of CAPES, an agency of the Ministry of Education for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel, and it improved when the agency was restructured in 1964. The Graduate Programs in Psychology implemented between 1965 and 1980 faced insertion difficulties in their institutions and had problems to present a profile which was consistent with the training of researchers and higher education faculty. Nevertheless, they made important contributions to doctorate training and research in Brazil. The current characteristics, designed in the 1980s, were incorporated by the new programs, among them, the Graduate Program in Psychology from the Federal University of Rio Grande Sul (UFRGS. This paper presents some considerations about the founding conditions and the fundamentals that are associated with the successful trajectory of the Graduate Program in Psychology from UFRGS and it describes the history of its foundation, its main principles and the way it is organized.

  11. Effect of Group Guidance on Intention of Seeking Professional Psychological Help Among University Students%团体辅导对大学生寻求专业性心理帮助意向影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝志红; 梁宝勇

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨团体辅导对改善大学生寻求专业性心理帮助意向的效果.方法:选取实验组34名,对照组30名大学生在三个月内进行团体辅导,以寻求心理咨询帮助的行为意向量表、寻求专业性心理帮助的态度量表、寻求专业性心理帮助的污名量表、应对效能量表、自我表露的预期结果量表为测量工具,在团体干预实施前、后的一周对被试进行测量.结果:协方差分析与事后比较结果显示,与对照组相比,实验组被试在团体辅导后的寻求专业性心理帮助的污名量表得分显著下降,而寻求专业性心理帮助的行为意向、态度、应对效能和预期效用量表的得分显著上升.结论:团体辅导应用于改善大学生寻求专业性心理帮助的意向效果显著.%Objective: To explore the validity of group mental training for improving college students' intention of seeking professional psychological help. Methods: 34 students of experimental group and 30 students of control group were involved in an three-month-long community coaching. One week before and after the coaching, the students were asked to take five scales: scale of intention of seeking counseling, scale of attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help, scale of stigma toward seeking professional psychological help, scale of coping efficacy, and scale of self-disclosure expectations. Results: Compared with the control group, the scores of the experimental group of stigma toward seeking professional psychological help after community coaching were significantly decreased. The scores of the experimental group of intention and attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help, coping efficacy, self-disclosure expectations were significantly increased. Conclusion: Group mental training has great positive effect on improving the students' intention of seeking professional psychological help.

  12. Knowledge-based Librarians Development and Management in Colleges and Universities in View of Psychological Contract%从心理契约视角看高校图书馆知识型馆员的发展与管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董丽; 董华伟

    2014-01-01

    心理契约是一种情感契约,对心理契约的动态管理是高校图书馆提高服务能力、提升人力资源效能的一种柔性管理方式。高校图书馆知识型馆员追求创造性的工作、追求自我价值的实现、追求宽松的工作环境,基于心理契约视角的知识型馆员的管理策略即构建科学的职业生涯规划体系、创建合理的培训开发机制、建立有效的沟通和反馈机制、创造充满凝聚力的图书馆文化。%The psychological contract is a kind of emotional contract. The dynamic management of the psychological contract is a sort of flexible way of managing to improve the service level and to promote the efficacy of human resources in the library of universities. Based on the conception of psychological contract,this thesis combines the current status of Knowledge-based librarian- -pursuing creative works,achievement of self-worth,and relaxed working environment,puts forward the management measures of knowledge-based li-brarians from the perspective of psychological contract,that is to build a scientific career planning system,to create a reasonable mecha-nism for training and development,to establish effective communication mechanisms and to create harmonious library culture.

  13. The psychological well-being manifesting among master’s students in Industrial and Organisational Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frans Cilliers

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Psychological well-being among master’s students is seen as a contributing factor towards having a meaningful, enjoyable and productive experience as a student.Research purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide a qualitative description of the psychological well-being experiences of first-year students in a part-time coursework master’s degree in Industrial and Organisational Psychology (IOP in order to foster an empathetic understanding of their experiences.Motivation for the study: The understanding of their master’s students’ psychological wellbeing experiences will assist university IOP departments in facilitating the appropriate psychological containment to students and the optimisation of their resilience towards meaningfully completing their first year and perhaps also their master’s degree.Research design, approach and method: Qualitative research was conducted within a hermeneutic interpretive stance. Data were gathered from a focus group with 10 conveniently chosen participants. Thematic content analysis provided eight themes, which were interpreted and linked to the literature on psychological well-being.Main findings: Student distress caused by job demands leads to languishing and feeling overwhelmed. In contrast, student eustress resulting from job resources leads to flourishing, consisting of self-efficacy, locus of control and optimism.Practical implications: University IOP departments can use the information towards understanding their master’s students’ psychological well-being experiences, which could assist in the students’ successful and timeous completion of their studies.Contribution: The study contributes to the literature on master’s students’ real negative and positive experiences and psychological well-being, which university departments often deny or dismiss as idiosyncratic.Keywords: positive organisational behaviour; job demands; job resources; multiple roles; support system

  14. The relation between specialty choice of psychology students and their interests, personality, and cognitive abilities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wicherts, J.M.; Vorst, H.C.M.

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate differences in interests, personality, and cognitive abilities between students majoring in the six specialties of psychology at the University of Amsterdam. Results show that students at Social Psychology and Work and Organizational Psychology

  15. Psychological Help-Seeking Attitudes of Helping Professional Candidates and Factors Influencing Them

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumcagiz, Hatice

    2013-01-01

    This study was designed as descriptive to identify psychological help-seeking attitudes of helping professional candidates and factors influencing them. The research population consisted of 447 first and fourth grade students studying in the Departments of Psychological Counselling and Guidance, Psychology or Nursing at Ondokuz Mayis University.…

  16. The relation between specialty choice of psychology students and their interests, personality, and cognitive abilities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wicherts, J.M.; Vorst, H.C.M.

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate differences in interests, personality, and cognitive abilities between students majoring in the six specialties of psychology at the University of Amsterdam. Results show that students at Social Psychology and Work and Organizational Psychology w

  17. Psychological interventions following terrorist attacks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansdorf, Irwin J

    2008-01-01

    Psychological reactions to terror attacks have been documented as ranging from no symptoms to transient behavioural symptoms to more serious posttraumatic stress. A review of representative studies is presented, with a critical analysis of the salient points of the various psychological intervention strategies for terrorist attacks. Common aspects of both most intervention approaches include multifaceted models that foster social support and include a preparatory phase, a phase of 'psychological first aid' and a follow-up phase of referral for more severe cases. The notion of intervention for all who may show some symptoms is not universally accepted. Where treatment or intervention is used, the debriefing aspect of CISM (Critical Incident Stress Management) remains highly disputed, with the focus on intrusively revisiting the trauma appearing to have questionable value at best. Some data questions whether formal treatment or intervention is necessary or even desirable. For many who choose not to seek out any help following a trauma, clinical data shows no negative results. Moreover, the preponderance of data shows that conventional 'debriefing' is not recommended. If the debriefing mechanism is refined so that intrusive emotional rehashing of the traumatic event is eliminated, the resultant interventions resemble resilience based approaches. Further defining when intervention is called for and refining the mechanisms of intervention in multi-stage intervention.

  18. Analysis on the psychological characteristics of patients with acute iridocyclitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei; Sun; Fan; Wu; Jun; Kong; Yukiko; Nakahara; Xiao-Yan; Li

    2015-01-01

    <正>Dear Sir,I am Dr.Wei Sun,from the Department of Ophthalmology,the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University,Eye Hospital of China Medical University,shenyang,Liaoning Province,China.I write to present our study on the psychological characteristics of patients with acute iridocyclitis.Studies showed stimulation from patient’s external environment could influence their psychological state,persisting neural endocrine disorders that might lead to a series of physiological and psychological changes in the human body[1-6].It was confirmed many ocular diseases were

  19. A Discussion and Analysis to the Pattern of Psychological Contract of the University Student Leaders' Management%高校学生干部管理中的心理契约模式探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝菡

    2011-01-01

    This paper attempts to analyze the shortages of the present situation of college student leaders' management,proposes to apply "psychological contract" to the management of college student leaders,and focuses on the discussion of a specific implementation program of "psychological contract" for the college student leaders.%文章试图通过对高校学生干部管理现状不足的思考,提出将"心理契约"应用于高校学生干部管理中,并重点探讨"心理契约"在高校学生干部管理中的具体运用方案。

  20. History of Psychology in Ghana Since 989AD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seth Oppong

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Psychology as taught in Ghanaian universities is largely Eurocentric and imported. Calls have been made to indigenize psychology in Ghana. In response to this call, this paper attempts to construct a history of psychology in Ghana so as to provide a background for the study of the content and process of what psychology would and/or ought to become in Ghana. It does so by going as far back as the University of Sankore, Timbuktu established in 989AD where intellectual development flourished in the ancient Empire of Mali through to the 1700s and 1800s when Black Muslim scholars established Koranic schools, paying particular attention to scholarly works in medicine, theology and philosophy. Attention is then drawn to Anton Wilhelm Amo’s dissertation, De Humanae Mentis “Apatheia” and Disputatio Philosophica Continens Ideam Distinctam (both written in 1734 as well as some 18th and 19th century Ghanaian scholars. Special mention is also made about the contributions by the Department of Psychology at the University of Ghana (established in May 1967 in postcolonial Ghana as one of the first departments of psychology in Anglophone West Africa. The paper also discusses the challenges associated with the application of psychological knowledge in its current form in Ghana and ends by attempting to formulate the form an indigenous Ghanaian psychology could to take.

  1. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and psychological functioning in children of parents with acquired brain injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kieffer, Rikke; Teasdale, Thomas William; Blinkenberg, Niels

    2011-01-01

    RIKKE KIEFFER-KRISTENSEN1, THOMAS W. TEASDALE1, & NIELS BILENBERG2 1Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark and 2Department of Child and Department of Adolescence Psychiatry, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark (Received...

  2. 浅谈心理辅导在职业院校实践教学中的运用%Discussion on Psychological Counseling in Occupation Colleges and Universities Practice Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞广富

    2013-01-01

      职业院校的学生由于自身成长环境、个性因素和教育方法不当而造成了厌学、交流障碍等诸多心理问题,影响实践教学的开展,所以,不仅应该正视职业院校学生的心理问题,还要结合职业院校办学目标,剖析学生心理症结。尤其要做到激励学生正视现实、勇于实践、精诚合作;辅导学生在挫折中放下包袱、走出心理阴影;循序渐进地引导学生在实践中开拓思维、敢于创新;还要善于营造诚信、和谐的实践教学氛围,培养合格的企业后备人才。%Because of its growing environment, personality factors and inappropriate teaching methods occupation school students caused a weariness, the communication obstacles of psychological problems. Effecting practice teaching. Therefore, not only should face up to the occu⁃pation college students psychological problems, but also with occupation colleges running target, analysis of students psychological crux. In particular, to motivate students to face up to reality, practice, sincere cooperation. Coaching students in defeat to lay down their burden, go out the psychological shadow. Step by step to guide the students in the practice of development thinking, innovation. Be good at building good faith, harmonious teaching atmosphere, to train qualified enterprise talents.

  3. Analysis of the Main Psychological Problems and Causes of University Single-parent Students%高校单亲大学生存在的主要心理问题及成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱宾; 李兴国; 王佳慧

    2015-01-01

    近年来,高校单亲大学生的比重逐年上升,由于单亲大学生经历了家庭变故,使得他们在成长中出现了或多或少的心理问题,影响到他们的健康发展。本文通过与学生谈话和问卷调查,了解单亲大学生存在的主要心理问题。从社会、学校、家庭和个人四个方面探索单亲大学生产生心理问题的原因,期待探索更有效的疏导方法和教育策略,促进单亲大学生心理素质的提高和全面发展。%In recent years, the proportion of single parent college students is increasing year by year, as a result of single parent college students experienced family tragedies, making them appear psychological problems more or less in the growth, affect the healthy development of their. In this paper, through a conversation with students and questionnaire survey, understand the main psy-chological problems of single parent students exist. To explore the causes of single parent college students have psychological prob-lems from four aspects:society, school, family and individual counseling and education method, expect to explore more effective strategies, promote the psychological quality of single parent students improve and all-round development.

  4. Religiosity and psychological well-being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leondari, Angeliki; Gialamas, Vasilios

    2009-08-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between religiosity and psychological well-being in a sample of Greek Orthodox Christians. Previous research has documented that personal devotion, participation in religious activities, and religious salience are positively associated with different criteria of psychological well-being. The sample (83 men and 280 women) with an age range from 18 to 48 years, was strongly skewed with respect to sex (77% female) and education level (95% were university students or university graduates). Religiosity was operationalized as church attendance, frequency of prayer and belief salience. In addition, a single item referring to beliefs about God was used. Depression, anxiety, loneliness, and general life satisfaction were selected as dependent variables because they reflect important dimensions of psychological well-being. Preliminary analyses showed that sex was significantly related to the three religiosity variables (church attendance, frequency of prayer, belief salience), with women being more religious than men. Consistent with previous research, correlations suggested that church attendance and belief salience were associated with better life satisfaction. The results of hierarchical regression analysis showed a significant positive association between anxiety and frequency of personal prayer. Finally, personal beliefs about God did not seem to relate to any of the psychological well-being measures. The results of the present study partially support the hypothesized association between religiosity and psychological well-being.

  5. On cultivation and improvement of counselors ’ positive psychological capital in colleges and universities%试论高校辅导员队伍积极心理资本的培养与提升

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文平; 周田田; 龙跃洲; 周延萌

    2014-01-01

    推行积极心理资本的管理理念是推进辅导员工作的创新实践。本文从心理资本视角对辅导员职业倦怠进行分析,并提出辅导员要从自我效能感、希望、乐观和坚韧性四方面积累心理资本,从而实现辅导员队伍健康、可持续发展。%The management idea of positive psychological capital is an innovative practice of counselor work. . This article was analyzed on the counselor job burnout from the perspective of psychological capital, and put forward that the counselors should accumulate psychological capital from the self-efficacy, hope, optimism and resilience four aspects. In this way, the counselor team can be healthy and sustainable development.

  6. Human nature and culture: an evolutionary psychological perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buss, D M

    2001-12-01

    Personality psychology is the broadest of all psychological subdisciplines in that it seeks a conceptually integrated understanding of both human nature and important individual differences. Cultural differences pose a unique set of problems for any comprehensive theory of personality-how can they be reconciled with universals of human nature on the one hand and within-cultural variation on the other? Evolutionary psychology provides one set of conceptual tools by which this conceptual integration can be made. It requires jettisoning the false but still-pervasive dichotomy of culture versus biology, acknowledging a universal human nature, and recognizing that the human mind contains many complex psychological mechanisms that are selectively activated, depending on cultural contexts. Culture rests on a foundation of evolved psychological mechanisms and cannot be understood without those mechanisms.

  7. Scientific Psychology in the 18th Century: A Historical Rediscovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarz, Katharina A; Pfister, Roland

    2016-05-01

    As early as 1783, the almost forgotten philosopher, metaphysicist, and psychologist Ferdinand Ueberwasser (1752-1812) designated himself "Professor für empirische Psychologie und Logik" (professor of empirical psychology and logic) at the University of Münster, Germany. His position was initiated and supported by the minister and educational reformer Franz von Fürstenberg (1729-1810), who considered psychology a core scientific discipline that should be taught at each school and university. At the end of the 18th century, then, psychology seems to have been on the verge of becoming an independent academic discipline, about 100 years before Wilhelm Wundt founded the discipline's first official laboratory. It seems surprising that Ueberwasser's writings-including a seminal textbook on empirical psychology-have been almost entirely overlooked in most historical accounts. We focus on this important founding moment of psychological science and on the circumstances that eventually brought this seminal development to a halt.

  8. Identity of psychology, identity and psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjana Nastran Ule

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with epistemic issues of modern psychology with the starting hypothesis being that scientific psychology must satisfy three main interests: scientific, practical and emancipatory interest. Particularly important is the emancipatory interest, which is based on the social reflection of scientific work and conclusions. Psychological knowledge involves not only neutral descriptions of facts, but also implicit rules, expectations regarding values or norms, and criticism of undesirable behavior. The traditional psychological model attempts to satisfy the scientific interest and partly practical interest, while avoiding emancipatory interest. But I believe modern socio-historical models of psychology to be significant precisely owing to the inclusion of emancipatory interest. The difference between these two models of psychology is most obvious in their perception of identity i.e. individuality. Conventional perceptions follow the logic of "possessive individualism" in which the individual is seen as an autonomous bearer and owner of his/her psychological states and processes. The conventional model of identity supports the modernist concept of the individual as being focused on his/her self or personal identity. Socio-historical models, on the other hand, see the individual as a being embedded in social relations and social interactions, and one who builds and expresses his/her individuality through the reflection on social interactions, discursive practices, and response to the hierarchy of power and social mechanisms of control. According to this model, identity evolves through a series of social constructions which are embodied in the individual and represent him/her in society. Identity thus becomes a notion that combines individuality and social context, subjectivation and objectivation of the individual, and historical and biographical time.

  9. Ethnographic Fieldwork in psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanggaard, Lene

    2014-01-01

    It is argued in the present article that ethnographic fieldwork can serve useful methodological ends within psychology and open the discipline to the cultural landscape of psychological phenomena in everyday life in social practices. Furthermore, a positive case is made for the soundness...... of ethnographic fieldwork. That is, rather than disputing the claim that qualitative methods can serve scientific ends, it is argued that ethnographic fieldwork is suitable for studying the constitution of psychological phenomena in social practices across time....

  10. Psychological Test Validity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gessmann H.-W.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a theoretical overview of current aspects about the validity problems of psychological tests. The article demonstrates the importance of the development of psychological tests and the scientific studies of their validity, describes the different types of validity and the possible ways of measurement and determination of the validity coefficients. The paper is recommended for researchers, whose work is dedicated to the development, modification or adaptation of the psychological test.

  11. Psychological violence against children

    OpenAIRE

    Jurkovič, Sabina

    2012-01-01

    The topic of my thesis is a study of how parents and primary school teachers perceive and identify psychological abuse of children. Psychological abuse is an especially sensitive area because children do not perceive interpersonal relations and activities in their environment in the same way as adults. Children also do not possess the physical or psychological power required to withstand or defend themselves against different forms of violence, abuse and harassment. Children who are the victi...

  12. 简论大学生思想政治教育中的人文关怀和心理疏导%A Discussion on Humanistic Care and Psychological Counseling in Ideological and Political Education for University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚念龙; 刘颖

    2014-01-01

    As essential parts of college ideological and political education ,humanistic care and psycho-logical counseling mean to care and guide students ’ emotion ,ideology and spiritual life .Humanistic care and psychological counseling put forward higher requirements for the college students ’ ideological and political education by refreshing its objectives ,motivate the students’ subjectivity in the education and hence set new criteria for educators .Currently ,there are three problems in the ideological and po-litical education .First ,humanistic care and psychological counseling have not caught enough attention and there exist some conceptual misunderstandings ;second ,the teaching method is relatively monotonous and outdated ;third ,humanistic quality of the educators in ideological and political educa-tion should be improved .This article proposes three measures to effectively implement humanistic car-ing and psychological counseling ,namely ,developing a student_centered education ,optimizing educa-tion system concerning humanistic care and psychological counseling ,and enhancing educators’ hu-mane quality .%人文关怀和心理疏导,是对人的情感、思想、精神生活方面的关注和引导。人文关怀和心理疏导在高校大学生思想政治教育中占据重要地位:人文关怀和心理疏导对大学生思想政治教育提出了更高的目标要求,充实了新的内容,激发了思想政治教育中大学生的主体性,对教育者提出了新要求。当前,人文关怀与心理疏导在大学生思想政治教育工作中缺失的主要表现为:教育理念上存在误区,教育方法相对单一、落后,思想政治教育工作者的人文素质有待提升。加强大学生思想政治教育中人文关怀和心理疏导需要有效路径:树立以学生为本的教育理念,健全人文关怀和心理疏导工作体系,提高教育工作者的人文素养。

  13. Organizational Environment, Psychological Empowerment and Organizational Commitment:Based on Empirical Analysis of University Teachers' Individual Evaluation%组织环境、心理授权与组织承诺--基于高校教师个体评价的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞文; 刘金兰

    2014-01-01

    通过调查756名高校教师的自我评价和对学校环境的主观评价,考察了高校组织环境、教师心理授权与组织承诺之间的关系,验证了心理授权及其4个维度在组织环境与组织主动承诺和被动承诺之间的中介作用。研究结果表明:高校环境对教师组织承诺有显著的影响作用;心理授权在高校环境与组织主动承诺之间起中介作用;心理授权4个维度所起的作用不同,工作意义和自我效能维度在高校环境与组织主动承诺之间起部分中介作用,工作影响力维度在高校环境与组织被动承诺之间起完全中介作用,工作自主性维度不起中介作用。%Based on the survey of 756 university teachers’ self-evaluations and subjective evaluations of their u-niversity environment ,this study explored the relationship among university environment ,teachers’ psycho-logical empowerment and organizational commitment .It validated the mediating role of psychological empower-ment and its four dimensionality between organizational environment and initiative as well as passive organiza-tional commitment .The results showed that the university environment had significant impacts on organiza-tional commitment ,and that psychological empowerment mediated organizational environment upon organiza-tional commitment ,but had different functions of the four dimensionality ,among w hich meaning and compe-tence partially mediated between organizational environment and initiative commitment ;impact dimensionality fully mediated between organizational environment and passive commitment ,and self-determination had no me-diating effect .

  14. Public Image of Counseling Psychology: What Introductory Psychology Textbooks Say.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, David N.; Vrochopoulos, Sam; Burton, Jennifer

    1997-01-01

    Examines the adequacy of descriptions of counseling psychology and its professionals in introductory psychology textbooks compared to the descriptions of other applied areas of psychology. Results indicate that counseling psychology is less represented than industrial or organizational and clinical psychology and more represented than school…

  15. Positive Psychology: Considerations and Implications for Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mollen, Debra; Ethington, Lanaya L.; Ridley, Charles R.

    2006-01-01

    Why has the specialty of counseling psychology been overlooked in the larger conversation about positive psychology? Is it reasonable that counseling psychology claims positive psychology as its own? What are some of the problems in defining "positive psychology," and how does the lack of consensus around operationalization thwart discourse on…

  16. Center for Deployment Psychology

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Center for Deployment Psychology was developed to promote the education of psychologists and other behavioral health specialists about issues pertaining to the...

  17. Nonlinear dynamics in psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen J. Guastello

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a survey of the applications of nonlinear dynamical systems theory to substantive problems encountered in the full scope of psychological science. Applications are organized into three topical areas – cognitive science, social and organizational psychology, and personality and clinical psychology. Both theoretical and empirical studies are considered with an emphasis on works that capture the broadest scope of issues that are of substantive interest to psychological theory. A budding literature on the implications of NDS principles in professional practice is reported also.

  18. Psychological Component of Infertility

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home FAQs Frequently Asked Questions Quick Facts About Infertility FAQs About Infertility FAQs About the Psychological Component of Infertility FAQs About Cloning and Stem Cell Research SART's ...

  19. The tmRDB and SRPDB resources

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ebbe Sloth; Rosenblad, Magnus Alm; Larsen, Niels

    2006-01-01

    Maintained at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler, Texas, the tmRNA database (tmRDB) is accessible at the URL http://psyche.uthct.edu/dbs/tmRDB/tmRDB.html with mirror sites located at Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama (http://www.ag.auburn.edu/mirror/tmRDB/) and the Royal...

  20. Research productivity in select psychology journals, 1986-2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, Kevin T; Buboltz, Walter C; Calvert, Barbara; Hoffmann, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    Examination of research productivity has a long history in psychology. Journals across psychology have periodically published research-productivity studies. An analysis of institutional research productivity was conducted for 17 journals published by the American Psychological Association for the years 1986-2008. This analysis implemented two methodologies: one a replication and extension of G. S. Howard, D. A. Cole, and S. E. Maxwell's (1987) method, the other a new method designed to give credit to psychology departments rather than only overall institutions. A system of proportional credit assured all articles with multiple institutions received credit. Results show that for the 23-year period, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign was ranked 1st, followed by the University of California, Los Angeles, and the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Overall, results showed both consistency and change across all journals examined. The authors explore the implications of these findings in the context of the current academic environment.

  1. Vocational behavior analysis in psychology students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Estrella LÓPEZ PÉREZ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The European Higher Education Area (EHEA is supporting gain relevance of vocational guidance into the frame of University Education. In order to a better planning of this guidance we need to know his contents evaluating student vocational interests of each center. The aim of the study is to analyze the indicators of Psychology students vocational behavior and his evolution and comparing those results with data of another students population. Methodology. The 329 psychology students participants from the University of Salamanca (248 in the second year and 81 in the fifth answered the questionnaire of university biodata (Rocabert, 2005. In all cases we took a significance level of ? = 0.05 carrying out samples comparison tests using U de Mann-Whitney techniques and contingency analysis. Results: The present study found significant differences between second and fifth psychology grade students and with general university population data collected by Rocabert, Descals and Gomez (2007. In general, psychology students begin their degrees with a high level interest and motivated; they are making decisions based on the academic specialty they want to work in. However, for last year students group (fith year students we detected a lower satisfaction in their studies, more difficulties in deciding what they want to do and a greater demand of information in order to choose the advisablest option for them. Conclusions. Despite the high motivation of psychology students, the nearer is his integration into the job market the higher is the need of guidance to help them to take decisions concerning specialization or the professional world.

  2. Study of College Students' Awareness of the Psychological Crisis and the Way They Deal with the Crisis——Take City College of Xi'an Jiaotong University for example%大学生对心理危机的认识以及应对危机方式的研究——以西安交通大学城市学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛艺艺; 成琳

    2012-01-01

    With the intensification of social competition,college students' pressure continue to increase, the issue of mental health and mental crisis increasingly prominent, The high frequency of the occurrence of psychological crisis seriously affected the growth and success of the college students, affect the stability and development of the university. Study psychological crisis bear the main college students psychological crisis, and the way they deal with the crisis, for colleges and universities to better understand the students' psychological condition, to carry out educational activities targeted by the important role.%随着社会竞争的加剧,大学生承受的压力不断加大,心理健康问题和心理危机日益突出,高频率心理危机的发生严重影响着大学生的成长与成才,影响着高校的稳定与发展。研究心理危机承受主体—大学生对心理危机的认识以及他们应对危机的方式,对于高校更好地了解学生心理状况,开展有针对性的教育活动有重要的作用。

  3. 77 FR 33087 - Standard Instrument Approach Procedures, and Takeoff Minimums and Obstacle Departure Procedures...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-05

    ... July 2012 Bethel, AK, Bethel, ILS OR LOC/DME Z RWY 19R, Amdt 7A Fairbanks, AK, Fairbanks Intl, ILS OR LOC RWY 2L, ILS RWY 2L (SA CAT I), ILS RWY 2L (CAT II), ILS RWY 2L (CAT III), Amdt 9 Auburn, AL, Auburn University Rgnl, ILS OR LOC RWY 36, Amdt 2 Auburn, AL, Auburn University Rgnl, RNAV (GPS) RWY...

  4. Direct and Indirect Effects of Psychological Contract Breach on Academicians’ Turnover Intention in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Ozan BUYUKYILMAZ; Cakmak, Ahmet F.

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the assumed direct and indirect relationships between psychological contract breach and turnover intention through psychological contract violation and perceived organizational support. Data for the sample was collected from 570 academicians from a variety of universities in Turkey. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to test the hypotheses. The results show that psychological contract breach was positively related to turnover intention and psycholog...

  5. Where History, Philosophy, and Psychology Meet: An Interview with Wayne Viney

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutherford, Alexandra

    2004-01-01

    Wayne Viney is Professor of Psychology and University Distinguished Teaching Scholar at Colorado State University where he teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in the history of psychology. He is also inaugurating a new course, The Development of Scientific Thought, for the College of Natural Sciences at Colorado State. Earlier in his…

  6. On Social Psychology and Human Nature: An Interview with Roy Baumeister

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Natalie Kerr

    2008-01-01

    Roy F. Baumeister currently holds the Eppes Eminent Professorship in the Department of Psychology at Florida State University. He received his PhD in social psychology from Princeton in 1978 working under Edward E. Jones. After a postdoctoral fellowship in sociology at Berkeley, he spent 23 years on the faculty at Case Western Reserve University,…

  7. Where History, Philosophy, and Psychology Meet: An Interview with Wayne Viney

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutherford, Alexandra

    2004-01-01

    Wayne Viney is Professor of Psychology and University Distinguished Teaching Scholar at Colorado State University where he teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in the history of psychology. He is also inaugurating a new course, The Development of Scientific Thought, for the College of Natural Sciences at Colorado State. Earlier in his…

  8. Notable multicultural training in APA-approved counseling psychology and school psychology programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, M R; Hoffman, M A; Wade, J

    1998-01-01

    On the basis of the initial work of M.R. Rogers, J. Martin, and L. Druckman (1994) regarding exemplary multicultural training occurring at school psychology programs, the authors examined salient aspects of 5 American Psychological Association (APA)-approved counseling psychology and 5 APA-approved school psychology programs nominated for their reputation for multicultural training. Twenty-two percent of the program faculty represented a racial-ethnic minority group, at least 2 faculty members per program were involved in multicultural teaching, and 90% of the programs offered a multicultural course. Program faculty at the notable programs were actively involved in relevant research, routinely made presentations at national conferences regarding their scholarship, regularly participated in campuswide multicultural committees, and generally reported their university training environment to be supportive of multicultural issues.

  9. Teaching the Holocaust at the University Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solkoff, Norman; Allen, William Sheridan

    1978-01-01

    Outlines an interdisciplinary university course, Historical and Psychological Analyses of Genocide, which dealt with the Nazi treatment of Jews during World War II. The course examines psychological and sociohistorical principles which could result in mass murder. Concludes that such an approach promotes a thorough explanation of such an event.…

  10. 心理学作为国际化学科所面临的国际化挑战%(University of Minnesota, USA)International Challenges for Psychology as an International Discipline

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J. Bruce Overmier

    2009-01-01

    心理学是什么样的学科?是一个独立的学科还足众多本士化学科的联合体?对这些问题的回答将会使心理学面临许多学科国际化的挑战.从国际心理科学联合会的角度来看,围绕这些问题涌现出了各种各样的看法.一类看法涉及心理学家的培养是否具有共同的基础,需要何种水平的训练方可成为一名"心理学家"以及心理学家的跨国流动性如何;另一类看法涉及政府和公众对心理学的认识,即心理学是否足一门真正对社会福祉有所作为的学科.%What kind of discipline is psychology? Is it a unitary discipline or a collection of indigenous disciplines? The answers one gives to these questions set the stage for many of the challenges to the discipline internationally. From the point of view of the International Union of Psychological Science, one set of issues now looming revolve around whether there are common foundations for education of psychologists, levels of training needed to be called a 'psychologist', and the international mobility of psychologists. A second set of issues revolves around governmental and public recognition of psychology as a genuine science that can contribute to human welfare.

  11. Psychological jurisprudence as an interdisciplinary science and the area of psychological practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pozdnyakov V. M.

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The article convincingly demonstrates that Russia is increasingly began to publish monographs lawyers on key legal and psychological phenomena, and in dissertations in the formulation of the provisions on the protection of delatsya criticism of "Westernization" of the state legislation and upheld psychologicaland position. At the same time, critically, it is noted that in the field of legal ideology and policies, and in making innovations in the law still, as in Soviet period, dominated by legal dogma, and psychological realities are taken into account in fragments. The reason for this state of Affairs is that still within the framework of University training and further education of local lawyers, in contrast to international practice, insufficient attention is paid to the development of psychological culture, but in the end no full-fledged dialogue between lawyers and psychologists. Taking into account possibilities of integrative methodology justified the subject of psychological law as an interdisciplinary science and the field of psychological practice focused on the identification of regularities and mechanisms of development of legal awareness and legal existence of various actors in the legal activity aimed at the development of psychologically informed interventions for the improvement of legal ideology and politics, systems of law-making, law enforcement and crime prevention, psycho-technical methods and techniques in activities of law enforcement officials. For constructive development of psychological jurisprudence identified the key areas of research and nodal practicerelevant problems.

  12. Simulation and psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dieckmann, Peter; Krage, Ralf

    2013-01-01

    Psychology is relevant for improving the use of simulation in anesthesiology, as it allows us to describe, explain and optimize the interactions of learners and instructors as well as the design of simulation scenarios and debriefings. Much psychological expertise is not used for simulation...

  13. The Psychology of Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rangaswamy, A.; Balasubramanian, P.; Nirmala, R. Sweety

    2007-01-01

    Psychology plays a significant role in the life of each and every human being. Starting from childhood, if psychology of learning is utilized positively it would play a vital role in the building up of a bright career of a child. The explosion of information technology has been exercising far reaching influence on the area of educational…

  14. The psychology of obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swencionis, Charles; Rendell, Sarah Litman

    2012-10-01

    G. Stanley Hall, the first person to earn a Ph.D. in psychology in the United States, did research on eating behaviors in the nineteenth century (Lepore in The New Yorker, 2011). Research on psychological aspects of obesity accelerated in the 1950s and there has been a great deal done at this point. We review areas of considerable activity and relevance.

  15. Virtual Reality in Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foreman, Nigel

    2009-01-01

    The benefits of using virtual environments (VEs) in psychology arise from the fact that movements in virtual space, and accompanying perceptual changes, are treated by the brain in much the same way as those in equivalent real space. The research benefits of using VEs, in areas of psychology such as spatial learning and cognition, include…

  16. Genetics and Developmental Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plomin, Robert

    2004-01-01

    One of the major changes in developmental psychology during the past 50 years has been the acceptance of the important role of nature (genetics) as well as nurture (environment). Past research consisting of twin and adoption studies has shown that genetic influence is substantial for most domains of developmental psychology. Present research…

  17. Psychology and History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munsterburg, Hugo

    1994-01-01

    This essay considers the discipline of psychology as distinct from history, defining it as a science within philosophy dedicated to the study of the causal structure of the human mind. Although Hugo Munsterburg was considered an important figure in applied psychology, this essay represents an earlier epistemology. (SLD)

  18. Psychologism and Instructional Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gur, Bekir S.; Wiley, David A.

    2009-01-01

    Little of the work in critical and hermeneutical psychology has been linked to instructional technology (IT). This article provides a discussion in order to fill the gap in this direction. The article presents a brief genealogy of American IT in relation to the influence of psychology. It also provides a critical and hermeneutical framework for…

  19. Psychology for All

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popovic, Nash

    2008-01-01

    In "Psychology in its place" (2008) John Radford explores and attempts to initiate a debate on what is or should be the place and role of psychology in Higher Education, primarily as a main subject for a first degree. In this paper, the author raises the stakes, and argues that Higher Education should provide a certain form of practical psychology…

  20. Child Psychology Experiences Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walla Walla Coll., WA.

    Recognizing the need for trained teachers to enter the classroom with confidence and professional capacity, Walla Walla College introduced a Child Psychology Experience program. Personnel from several departments contribute to this program. In connection with the child psychology courses, the project features a laboratory/demonstration center…