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Sample records for psychologist benjamin bloom

  1. A Roof without Walls: Benjamin Bloom's Taxonomy and the Misdirection of American Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booker, Michael J.

    2007-01-01

    Plato wrote that higher order thinking could not start until the student had mastered conventional wisdom. The American educational establishment has turned Plato on his head with the help of a dubious approach to teaching developed by one Benjamin Bloom. Bloom's taxonomy was intended for higher education, but its misappropriation has resulted in…

  2. Effects of the Original versus Revised Bloom's Taxonomy on Lesson Planning Skills: A Turkish Study among Pre-Service Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bumen, Nilay T.

    2007-01-01

    The original taxonomy of educational objectives, developed by Benjamin S. Bloom and his associates in the 1950s, was revised several decades later by a group of educationists and cognitive psychologists, who developed a revised taxonomy (RT). This article describes a Turkish study carried out among a group of pre-service teachers in order to…

  3. BENJAMIN HARRISON

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    GRANDSON of a President and great-grandson of a signer of the Declaration of Independence, Benjamin Harrison carried a distinguished American name into the White House, but historians generally agree that he added very little distinction to it during his stay there.

  4. Walter Benjamins Berlin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walter Benjamin (1892-1940). Tolkning af alle 33 kapitler i Benjamins bybarndomserindringer fra Berlin i begyndelsen af det 20. århundrede.......Walter Benjamin (1892-1940). Tolkning af alle 33 kapitler i Benjamins bybarndomserindringer fra Berlin i begyndelsen af det 20. århundrede....

  5. Effects of the Original Versus Revised Bloom's Taxonomy on Lesson Planning Skills: A Turkish Study Among Pre-Service Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bümen, Nilay T.

    2007-07-01

    The original taxonomy of educational objectives, developed by Benjamin S.␣Bloom and his associates in the 1950s, was revised several decades later by a group of educationists and cognitive psychologists, who developed a revised taxonomy (RT). This article describes a Turkish study carried out among a group of pre-service teachers in order to compare the influence of the two systems on lesson planning skills. The results confirmed other studies that have indicated a number of advantages of the revised system over the earlier one.

  6. Dialektisk billede af Benjamin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøggild, Jacob

    2004-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Lars Brückner: "Løse blade. Læseren, kritikeren og fortælleren Walter Benjamin"......Anmeldelse af Lars Brückner: "Løse blade. Læseren, kritikeren og fortælleren Walter Benjamin"...

  7. Benjamin, leitor de Kierkegaard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Milani Damião

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma apresentação sobre a manifestação de interesse de Walter Benjamin por Kierkegaard. Buscamos nas referências ao pensamento do filósofo dinarmaquês explícitas em seus escritos, mapear citações e indicações, além da resenha que Benjamin escreveu sobre a obra Kierkegaard de Adorno. Levou-se em consideração comentários de alguns intérpretes de Kierkegaard e de Benjamin que se ocuparam da aproximação entre os dois filósofos. Desta apresentação, indicamos um vínculo teórico de virtual importância, presente na obra de Benjamin sobre o drama barroco alemão.

  8. Benjamin Franklin Street Academy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohl, Seth F.

    In this evaluation report of the sixth year of operation of the Benjamin Franklin-Urban League Street Academy in New York City, it is recommended that the program be continued for the seventh year despite the poorer than expected student gains in all studied components and the sporadic student attendance pattern and high dropout rate. Students…

  9. Benjamin Vassermanile preemiad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Graafik Benjamin Vasserman pälvis kolme digitaalse graafilise lehe eest žürii kiituse Ungaris Györis toimunud biennaalil "The Master of Drawing and Graphic Arts" ning II preemia nelja lehe eest Leedus Vilniuses toimunud VI rahvusvahelisel väikegraafika triennaalil. Eestist osalesid veel Reti Saks ja Kelli Valk

  10. Benjamin Vassermanile preemiad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Graafik Benjamin Vasserman pälvis kolme digitaalse graafilise lehe eest žürii kiituse Ungaris Györis toimunud biennaalil "The Master of Drawing and Graphic Arts" ning II preemia nelja lehe eest Leedus Vilniuses toimunud VI rahvusvahelisel väikegraafika triennaalil. Eestist osalesid veel Reti Saks ja Kelli Valk

  11. Benjamin Wasserman Itaalias auhinnatud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    26. III-2. IV Itaalias toimunud II ülemaailmsel väikegraafika ja -maali näitusel "Pisa 2000" pälvis Benjamin Vasserman finalisti diplomi koos õigusega osaleda finalistide grupinäitusel. I preemia - Ana Maria Mafra.

  12. 布鲁姆教学目标分类系统在临床护理教学中的应用%Application of Benjamin Bloom's taxonomy educational objectives system in clinical nursing teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹云凤; 曹晓燕

    2007-01-01

    @@ "人人都能学习"的布鲁姆目标教学法,打破了传统教育中常态分布的"神话",对学生的潜力深信不疑,深受广大教育者的欢迎,但在临床护理带教领域鲜有报道.笔者以美国教育学家布鲁姆(Bloom)的教学方法为指导,从认知、情感与技能方面进行临床带教,使护生具有积极的学习态度,充分发挥其主观能动性;同时培养了护生的创新能力,密切了临床带教老师与护生的关系.

  13. Benjamin Franklin and medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirschmann, J V

    2005-12-01

    Benjamin Franklin, called Dr. Franklin after receiving an honorary degree in 1759 for his contributions to understanding electricity, was not formally trained as a physician. Nevertheless, he had numerous interests in medicine, including experimentation, shrewd observations about health and disease in himself and others, civic activities, and inventions of medical devices. These achievements show his capacity for detailed, perceptive insights; his fastidiousness in recording his observations; and his thoughtful analyses of scientific phenomena and human conduct. In medicine, perhaps uniquely in his life, his major interests intersected: scientific pursuits, civic activities, amused scrutiny of human behavior, and the desire to improve the lot of his fellow man.

  14. Walter Benjamin and 'materialism'

    OpenAIRE

    Homburg, Phillip

    2016-01-01

    This thesis examines the emergence of Walter Benjamin’s materialism, within his early\\ud thought, from within the context of post-Kantian philosophy. The original contribution\\ud made by this thesis is that it differentiates Benjamin’s materialism from both Romanticism\\ud and neo-Kantianism, on the one side, and empiricism, on the other. In contrast to those\\ud who identify Benjamin as a practitioner of a Romantic form of immanence, a neo-Kantian\\ud or a mystical empiricist, I place Benjamin’...

  15. Forensic psychologist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tinkara Pavšič Mrevlje

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper is a review of different issues that a forensic psychologists encounter at work. Forensic assessment might be needed in civil law cases, administrative procedures and in criminal law cases. The paper focuses on referrals in criminal law cases regarding matters such as assessing competence to stand trial, criminal responsibility and violence risk assessment. Finally, the role of expert testimony on eyewitness memory, which is not used in practice in Slovenia yet, is presented.

  16. A Story of Benjamin Franklin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小军

    2015-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin is forever remembered as"Doctor Franklin",philosopher,scientist and political leader.He built U.S.A.,for what the nation is today is largely due to the forethought,the wisdom,and the ability of Benjamin Franklin~①.Franklin’s life is full of

  17. A Propaedeutic to Walter Benjamin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Socher, David

    2009-01-01

    The Emerson College Web site on Walter Benjamin's essay "The Work of Art in an Age of Mechanical Reproduction" nicely animates some ideas of the essay. One such idea is the following: "To an ever greater degree the work of art reproduced becomes the work of art designed for reproducibility." When Benjamin wrote this essay and this maxim, Norman…

  18. Interview with Benjamin Halligan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Bergamin Conter

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Benjamin Halligan is Director of the Graduate Programme for the School of Media, Music and Performance at the University of Salford. His publications include Michael Reeves (Manchester University Press, 2003, Mark E. Smith and The Fall: Art, Music and Politics (Ashgate, 2010; co-edited with Michael Goddard, The Music Documentary: Acid Rock to Electropop (Routledge, 2013, co-edited with Rob Edgar and Kirsty Fairclough-Isaacs. He has published on disco music music and and science fiction, The Sarajevo Documentary School, Dušan Makavejev, Frank Zappa, Andrei Tarkovsky and the British Royal Family. Resonances: Noise and Contemporary Music, co-edited with Michael Goddard and Nicola Spelman, has been published by Bloomsbury in 2013, and is the companion volume to Reverberations: The Philsophy, Aesthetics and Politics of Noise (Continuum, 2013; co-edited with Michael Goddard and Paul Hegarty. The following interview occurred at The Cornerhouse, in the city of Manchester, England, in june 2013. Benjamin speaks about topics related to the two books he recently organized with co-workers at the University of Salford, Reverberations: the philosophy, aesthetics and politics of noise, and Resonances: noise and contemporary music.

  19. Benjamin's Theory of the Lyric

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David E. Wellbery

    1986-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper reconstructs the argument of Benjamin's early Hölderlin essay, with special emphasis on the notion of das Gedichtete . This notion is shown to name a fundamental dissonance between two semiotic modalities, graphics and Gestalt .

  20. The Internationalization of Bloom's Learning for Mastery: A 25-Year Retrospective-Prospective View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hymel, Glenn M.; Dyck, Walter E.

    Twenty-five years have elapsed since the publication of Benjamin S. Bloom's article titled "Learning for Mastery." With approximately 2,000 master learning/testing citations in the ERIC data base alone, Bloom's 1968 piece is indeed one of the most generative works to appear in the educational psychology literature in decades. At this…

  1. Reconsidering Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Cognitive Domain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, David S.

    1982-01-01

    The hierarchical structure of the cognitive domain presented in Benjamin S. Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives does not reflect the actual nature of the learning process. Attempts to apply the classification levels to student learning in mathematics and other subjects place the taxonomy's usefulness in question. (PP)

  2. Connect the Book. Benjamin Franklin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2004-01-01

    This article presents a brief review of James Cross Giblin's "The Amazing Life of Benjamin Franklin" (Scholastic, 2000). This book provides a real look at the life of one of America's most famous statesmen who was also a printer, inventor, and writer. The book additionally includes a chronology of Franklin's life, information about his many…

  3. Benjamin Franklin and Mesmerism, revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConkey, Kevin M; Perry, Campbell

    2002-10-01

    The authors revisit and update their previous historiographical note (McConkey & Perry, 1985) on Benjamin Franklin's involvement with and investigation of animal magnetism or mesmerism. They incorporate more recent literature and offer additional comment about Franklin's role in and views about mesmerism. Franklin had a higher degree of personal involvement with and a more detailed opinion of mesmerism than has been previously appreciated.

  4. Psychologists in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Modesto M. Alonso

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ince the beginning of Psychology as an university career, 55853 graduate student have obtained their degree as a psychologist. These professionals studied in 34 universities (7 federal and 27 private universities. 46777 psychologists in activity have been detected up to date. Graduate psychologists who are not in activity are 9076. University psychology students are 56387. In 2005, 12268 have started these studies in the field. Taking into account the amount of graduate psychologists related to national population it yields 154 psychologists every 100.000 citizens or in other way 649 inhabitants per psychologist

  5. Find a Psychologist

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Ages Served refers to a particular populations a psychologist has the most experience treating. Registrants have ranked ... 64 yrs.) Older adults (65 yrs. or older) ? Psychologists have education, training, and expertise in specific areas ...

  6. Psychologists in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Modesto M. Alonso

    2015-01-01

    ince the beginning of Psychology as an university career, 55853 graduate student have obtained their degree as a psychologist. These professionals studied in 34 universities (7 federal and 27 private universities). 46777 psychologists in activity have been detected up to date. Graduate psychologists who are not in activity are 9076. University psychology students are 56387. In 2005, 12268 have started these studies in the field. Taking into account the amount of graduate psychologists related...

  7. Psychologist Retention Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    RETENTION(PSYCHOLOGY), *JOB SATISFACTION, *ALL VOLUNTEER, MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND CONTROL, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), DEMOGRAPHY, ATTRITION, SURVEYS, QUESTIONNAIRES, PERCEPTION (PSYCHOLOGY), PSYCHOLOGISTS .

  8. Eesti graafika rahvusvahelisel areenil / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    26. VIII-28. XI Fredrikstadis Hebleri-nim. rahvusvahelises graafikakeskuses avatud XII Norra rahvusvahelisel graafikatriennaalil esindavad Eestit Anu Kalm, Avo Keerend, Vive Tolli, Benjamin Vasserman, Mare Vint. Peapreemia ئ Anthony Hill. Triennaali president - Herman Hebler (s. 1911). 24. VI-15. IX Poolas toimunud X Lodzi rahvusvahelisel väikegraafika triennaalil osalesid Eestist Virge Jõekalda, Benjamin Vasserman.

  9. Eesti graafika rahvusvahelisel areenil / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    26. VIII-28. XI Fredrikstadis Hebleri-nim. rahvusvahelises graafikakeskuses avatud XII Norra rahvusvahelisel graafikatriennaalil esindavad Eestit Anu Kalm, Avo Keerend, Vive Tolli, Benjamin Vasserman, Mare Vint. Peapreemia ئ Anthony Hill. Triennaali president - Herman Hebler (s. 1911). 24. VI-15. IX Poolas toimunud X Lodzi rahvusvahelisel väikegraafika triennaalil osalesid Eestist Virge Jõekalda, Benjamin Vasserman.

  10. Walter Benjamin , leitor das Flores do mal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolf Oehler

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available O texto conta a história da leitura de Baudelaire por Benjamin. Desde as traduções mal recebidas ao projeto das Passagens. Leitor fraterno, Benjamin vive as mesmas condições do poeta – sem domicílio, sem biblioteca, sem posição social. Assim consegue apreender profundamente a poesia baudelairiana.Abstract: The text tells the story of the work of Benjamin about Baudelaire. Since the first translations to the Passagenwerk Project. As a fraternal reader, Benjamin lives the same conditions of the poet – without a home, without a library, without a social position. These similarities make possible to him to understand profoundly Baudelaire’s poetry.Keywords: Benjamin; Baudelaire; poetry; city. Dolf Oehler é professor Emérito de Literatura Comparada da Universidade de Bonn

  11. Danish psychologists as psychotherapists

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard; Nielsen, Jan; Orlinsky, David

    2012-01-01

    Psychologists are by far the biggest group of professional psychotherapists in Denmark, and this article presents data from two samples of psychologist psychotherapists collected at an interval of 15 years. The subjects in both samples responded to the Development of Psychotherapists Common Core...

  12. Benjamin Franklin and the neurosciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Stanley

    2006-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), who is better known in other fields, especially colonial politics and international diplomacy, was an early, major contributor to the neurosciences from the New World. Among his accomplishments are: experiments on medical electricity as a possible cure for the palsies and hysteria; the first descriptions of how electricity affecting the brain can cause a specific type of amnesia; supporting the idea that cranial shocks might provide a cure for melancholia; showing that the cures performed by the Mesmerists to remove obstructions, including nerve blockages, rest on gullibility and suggestion, and recognizing the dangers, including those to the nerves, posed by exposure to lead. Franklin?s neuroscience was firmly based on experiments, careful observations, and hard data ? and finding clinical relevance for new discoveries was always on his mind.

  13. Benjamin and Koolhaas: History's Afterlife

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frances Hsu

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Dialectical images are at the core of the methods suggested by two books written four decades apart yet published around the same time. The Arcades Project (first published as Das Passagen-Werk in 1981 and Delirious New York (1978 use images to critique established modes of historical interpretation. Each proposes a methodology of historical speculation based on the interpretation of fragmentary visual phenomena. Both construct alternative historical narratives about the impact of technology, mass culture and economy on the city. This essay contrasts and compares the similarities and differences between the respective authors’ treatments of the nineteenth century arcade and the Manhattan skyscraper to examine how the strategies and definitions suggested by Benjamin and Koolhaas address the function of images as tools for critical architectural analysis and knowledge.

  14. El enigma de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Sigüenza

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente ensayo inicia reconstruyendo el relato de los últimos días de la vida de Walter Benjamin, en el contexto histórico de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, y la existencia de un misterioso manuscrito perdido en su frustrada huida por la frontera franco-española en 1940; en la segunda parte se intenta descifrar la enigmática fisionomía del pensador berlinés, cuya perspectiva múltiple, tanto en lo teórico como en lo político, lo convierten en un autor incomprendido, pero tremendamente fascinante; en la tercera parte se explora uno de sus textos más herméticos, conocido como las tesis Sobre el concepto de historia, con la intención de poner de manifiesto el carácter crítico de su discurso, como clave para comprender los enigmas del mundo moderno y su necesaria transformación revolucionaria.

  15. New psychologist at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Laëtitia Pedroso

    2010-01-01

    A new psychologist, Sigrid Malandain, started work at CERN on 1 November. The psychologist’s office, formerly part of the Social Affairs Service in Human Resources, has now moved to the Medical Service (office 57-1-024). It is open every Tuesday and Thursday.   The new psychologist, Sigrid Malandain. Working in an organisation like CERN has numerous advantages. However, as in any professional setting, the work can sometimes bring stress, anxiety, overwork and so on. For this reason, a few years ago CERN brought in a psychologist for the staff. “As a psychologist, my role isn’t just to deal with known problems, but also to make assessments and, if possible, prevent difficult situations arising. Sometimes people realise that something is wrong, but they can’t say why. In such cases, I may be able to use a discussion to assess the nature of the problem and determine if further sessions are needed. If that is the case, I can either conduct the session...

  16. Behavioral Econometrics for Psychologists

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Steffen; Harrison, Glenn W.; Lau, Morten

    We make the case that psychologists should make wider use of structural econometric methods. These methods involve the development of maximum likelihood estimates of models, where the likelihood function is tailored to the structural model. In recent years these models have been developed...

  17. Bloom syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Harleen; Chacon, Anna H; Choudhary, Sonal; McLeod, Michael P; Meshkov, Lauren; Nouri, Keyvan; Izakovic, Jan

    2014-07-01

    Bloom Syndrome (BS, MIM #210900) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder caused by a mutation in the BLM gene, which codes for the DNA repair enzyme RecQL3 helicase. Without proper DNA repair mechanisms, abnormal DNA exchange takes place between sister chromatids and results in genetic instability that may lead to cancer, especially lymphoma and acute myelogenous leukemia, lower and upper gastrointestinal tract neoplasias, cutaneous tumors, and neoplasias in the genitalia and urinary tract. BS patients are usually of Ashkenazi Jewish descent and exhibit narrow facial features, elongated limbs, and several dermatologic complications including photosensitivity, poikiloderma, and telangiectatic erythema. The most concerning manifestation of BS is multiple malignancies, which require frequent screenings and strict vigilance by the physician. Therefore, distinguishing between BS and other dermatologic syndromes of similar presentation such as Rothmund-Thomson Syndrome, Erythropoietic Protoporphyria, and Cockayne Syndrome is paramount to disease management and to prolonging life. BS can be diagnosed through a variety of DNA sequencing methods, and genetic testing is available for high-risk populations. This review consolidates several sources on BS sequelae and aims to suggest the importance of differentiating BS from other dermatologic conditions. This paper also elucidates the recently discovered BRAFT and FANCM protein complexes that link BS and Fanconi anemia.

  18. Eestlased graafikanäitustel / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    IV Kochi graafikatriennaalil Jaapanis 13. III-18. IV osales Eestist Benjamin Vasserman tööga "Vaheldus I". Peapreemia: Eduardo Roca Zalazar. XIV rahvusvahelisel graafikanäitusel "Premio Internationale Biella per I'Incisione" Itaalias 23. IV-23. V osalesid Eestist Peeter Allik, Reti Saks, Benjamin Vasserman. Näituse nimeline preemia: Seung Yeon Kim. 26. VIII avati Fredrikstadis 12. Norra rahvusvaheline graafikatriennaal. 5. nov. avatakse X Varna graafikabiennaal Bulgaarias, 15. XII ئ III Egiptuse graafikatriennaal Gizas. "International Print Triennial Cracow 2000" näitustest

  19. Eestlased graafikanäitustel / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    IV Kochi graafikatriennaalil Jaapanis 13. III-18. IV osales Eestist Benjamin Vasserman tööga "Vaheldus I". Peapreemia: Eduardo Roca Zalazar. XIV rahvusvahelisel graafikanäitusel "Premio Internationale Biella per I'Incisione" Itaalias 23. IV-23. V osalesid Eestist Peeter Allik, Reti Saks, Benjamin Vasserman. Näituse nimeline preemia: Seung Yeon Kim. 26. VIII avati Fredrikstadis 12. Norra rahvusvaheline graafikatriennaal. 5. nov. avatakse X Varna graafikabiennaal Bulgaarias, 15. XII ئ III Egiptuse graafikatriennaal Gizas. "International Print Triennial Cracow 2000" näitustest

  20. Benjamin Franklin High School Unit Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohl, Seth F.

    The Benjamin Franklin High School Unit Program in New York City was designed to overcome the serious academic deficiencies identified as criterion for entry into the program: retardation in reading and mathematics and to improve attitudes toward school, increase classroom attendance and participation, reduce the dropout rate, improve self-image…

  1. Benjamin Franklin and Shock-Induced Amnesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Stanley; Zaromb, Franklin

    2006-01-01

    Shock-induced amnesia received considerable attention after Cerletti popularized electroconvulsive shock therapy in the late 1930s. Yet, often overlooked is the fact that Benjamin Franklin recognized that passing electricity through the head could affect memory for the traumatic event. Franklin described his findings on himself and others in…

  2. Benjamin Constant. Ontdekker van de moderne vrijheid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Hert, Paul; Kinneging, A.; Colette, M.

    2015-01-01

    In 1806 analyseerde de Zwitsers-Franse politicus, filosoof en essayist Benjamin Constant (1767-1830) de moderne samenleving in zijn bekende boek Principes de politique. Uit dit klassiek geworden werk spreekt Constant’s ambivalentie en gevoel van nuance en subtiliteit. De “moderne” individuele

  3. Children, Redemption and Remembrance in Walter Benjamin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jessop, Sharon

    2013-01-01

    Walter Benjamin wrote extensively on children and childhood, though this aspect of his work has hitherto received scant attention despite continuing and growing interest in his thought. This article makes explicit the connection between his acute observations of childhood and his distinctive messianic philosophy. The twin aspects of redemption in…

  4. Benjamin Banneker and the Law of Sines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, John F.

    2005-01-01

    Benjamin Banneker, a self-taught mathematician, surveyor and astronomer published annual almanacs containing his astronomical observations and predictions. Banneker who also used logarithms to apply the Law of Sines believed that the method used to solve a mathematical problem depends on the tools available.

  5. Benjamin Franklin:Deist,Agnostic,or Atheist?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Eric Luther Newhall

    1997-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin’s religious beliefs have long been a subject of both interest andcontroversy. He has been viewed variously as an atheist, a deist, and an orthodoxChristian. He tells us in his autobiography that during his youth in Boston he was "pointedat with Horror by Good People, as an Infidel or Atheist. Leo Lemay. pointing to

  6. Psychiatrists and clinical psychologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajai R. Singh

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Psychiatrists and clinical psychologists share an inevitable, if rather uneasy, relationship. So very much like a modern marriage. Can't do without it, can't get out of it. Both sides contemplate divorce often. Think of separation by mutual consent. Even keep threatening as they rave and rant. Have secret, and not so secret, flings on the side. But, like the proverbial homing bird, or the conservative Indian arranged marriage, have no option but to stick it out with each other. Psychiatrists are otherwise good people. But that does not make them immune to handling clinical psychologists with the condescending tolerance and patronizing acceptance that teachers, for example, have towards rambling students. Or the rich have towards the poor. This does not take long to get converted into exasperation and smirky asides in the less charitable amongst the psychiatrists. Not that clinical psychologists are very helpful in motivating the psychiatrists to change for the better. For they, like most people in their position, over react and get aggressive when confronted with this attitude. And understandably so. However, it is time both realized their attitudes were not helpful either for mutual interaction, or growth of the Mental Health Movement at large. We can understand why psychiatrists behave the way they do. They are exposed to this same condescending-patronising attitude from their own peers in the medical profession. Their medical colleagues have yet to develop a feeling of healthy respect for psychiatry. Psychiatrists, no doubt, feel this is unjustified, but their peers are still in a position to deny them the respect and acceptance they seek. What they get from their medical colleagues, they unwittingly pass on to their clinical psychologist colleagues. But understanding why it occurs does not absolve them of their responsibility to behave more rationally, rather than emotionally, with the latter. [No abstract available.

  7. Harmful algal blooms

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Bhat, S.R.; PrabhaDevi; DeSouza, L.; Verlecar, X.N.; Naik, C.G.

    as harmful algal bloom. Bloom formation is a natural process and it enhances biological productivity, but turns worrisome when caused by toxic species, leading to massive fish mortalities and hazards to human health. Incidences of'red tide' are increasing...

  8. Walter Benjamin: History, Experience, and Modernity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Alejandro Molano

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Since the end of the 20th century, there has been increasing research on modernity, especially on different segments of the cultural field. Read in this context, the works of Walter Benjamin acquire great value. The article explores four of Benjamin’s themes: a some aspects of his concept of history; b the concept of experience, in order to show its historical-critical dimension regarding the rise of modern culture; c the affinities between the way he allegorical view is developed in German Baroque drama and the way in which Baudelaire deals with the issues of modernity; and d elements of some cultural forms of modern art that Benjamin is interested in.

  9. Walter Benjamin: historia, experiencia y modernidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Alejandro Molano

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde finales del siglo XX, las investigaciones sobre modernidad, orientadas hacia distintos segmentos del campo cultural, han venido ganando un enorme terreno. Las obras de Walter Benjamin, leídas en esta perspectiva, cobran un gran valor. Se busca explorar cuatro temas benjaminianos: a algunos aspectos de su concepto de historia; b el concepto de experiencia, para mostrar su dimensión histórico-crítica con respecto al ascenso de la cultura moderna; c las afinidades entre el modo en que se desarrolla la visión alegórica en el drama barroco alemán y el modo en que Baudelaire afronta las problemáticas de la modernidad; d elementos de algunas formas culturales del arte moderno que entusiasman a Benjamin.

  10. Benjamin Friedman on Arabs in Israeli literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. F. van Rooy

    1982-05-01

    Full Text Available Benjamin Friedman was working on a thesis for his doctorate at the University of Potchefstroom when he passed away in 1979. He was immensely interested in the way the Israeli Hebrew writers pictured the Arabs in their fiction and had done a massive amount of research when he died. He was therefore unable to complete his research and to present his views in a complete study. He did, however, leave a manuscript which reflected his research and conclusions. This was edited by his family' and the University of Potchefstroom gave recognition to his work by awarding him the degree M.A. posthumously. The writer of this paper added a chapter to Mr . Friedman’s manuscript, summarising his main views on the topic. Menahem D. Rotshtein’s paper on this same subject prompted me to present Benjamin Friedman’s view on this important subject, in aid of further research and discussion.

  11. Benjamin leitor de Brecht: cinema e distanciamento

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    Bruna Della Torre de Carvalho Lima

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The influence of Bertolt Brecht on Walter Benjamin is usually related to the assimilation of the critical Marxist tradition by the latter. The present article seeks to carry out an immanent and theoretical critique of the work of both authors, pursuing to investigate other possible aspects of this influence. On that ground, the goal is to demonstrate that the "distancing effect" (Verfremdungseffekt in German employed by Brecht in his epic theatre plays a crucial role in the way Benjamin analyses the art of filming and appears in the four versions of the "The work of art in the age of mechanical reproduction" essay, as well as in his theory about the "aura".

  12. A modernidade pelo olhar de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D'Angelo Martha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O OBJETIVO do artigo é traçar um perfil da modernidade tomando como referência os ensaios "Paris capital do século XIX" e "Paris do Segundo Império em Baudelaire", de Walter Benjamin. O texto pretende revelar as relações entre o processo revolucionário francês, a mercantilização da sociedade e da arte e a obra poética de Baudelaire.

  13. Identifying School Psychologists' Intercultural Sensitivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puyana, Olivia E.; Edwards, Oliver W.

    2016-01-01

    School psychologists are encouraged to analyze their intercultural sensitivity because they may be subject to personal attitudes and beliefs that pejoratively influence their work with students and clients who are culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD). However, gaps remain in the literature regarding whether school psychologists are prepared…

  14. O ideal de Baudelaire por Walter Benjamin Baudelaire's ideal by Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Ferreira Gatti

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo examina a interpretação feita por Walter Benjamin dos poemas de Charles Baudelaire marcados pela noção de ideal, a qual se opõe ao spleen. Benjamin encontra aí o esforço de rememoração de uma experiência plena, a qual constituiria, por sua vez, um elemento essencial à compreensão da modernidade como impossibilidade desta forma de experiência. Com as noções de beleza e de aura, o artigo busca ainda salientar a importância da categoria da distância para a configuração desta forma de experiência.This paper examines the interpretation made by Walter Benjamin of Baudelaire's poems determined by the notion of Ideal, which is opposed to the concept of spleen. The Ideal is identified by Benjamin as the effort of remembrance of a full experience, which constitutes an essential element to the understanding of modernity as the impossibility of such kind of experience. At last the explanation of the concepts of beauty and aura is introduced to emphasize the importance of the category of distance to the configuration of this form of experience.

  15. Kafka, Benjamin e Derrida: diante da lei

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    Carla Rodrigues

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available ResumoEste artigo propõe articular três autores judeus — Kafka, Benjamin e Derrida, dispostos por mim nessa ordem a partir de uma perspectiva temporal — a partir da percepção de que suas obras podem ter em comum a experiência da linguagem como experiência de impossibilidade e como resistência à passagem para a modernidade. Para isso, discuto a parábola “Diante da lei”, de Kafka, comparada por Benjamin aos ensinamentos judaicos e percebida por Derrida como condição intrínseca do leitor: estar diante de um texto cuja lei de acesso nunca é dada.Palavras-chave: linguagem, desconstrução, judaísmoAbstractThis paper intends to discuss three Jewish authors — Kafka, Benjamin and Derrida, arranged by me in that or der from a temporal perspective — from the perception that their works share the experience of  language as an experience of impossibility and as resistance against the passage into modernity. To do so, I discuss Kafka’s parable “Beforethe Law”, which was compared by Benjamin to Jewish teachings and perceived by Derrida as an intrinsic condition of the reader: standing before a text whose access law is never given.Keywords: Language, deconstruction, judaismCarla Rodrigues é professora do Departamento de Filosofia da UFRJ (PPGF/IFCS/UFRJ, doutora e mestre em Filosofia (PUC-Rio; realizou pesquisa de pós-doutorado (IEL/Unicamp como bolsista PDJ/CNPq. É vice-coordenadora do Khôra – laboratório de filosofias da alteridade (UFRJ/CNPq e do GT Desconstrução, linguagem e alteridade (ANPOF. É autora, entre outros, de Coreografias do feminino (Ed. Mulheres, 2009 e Duas palavras sobre o feminino – hospitalidade e responsabilidade, sobre ética e política em Derrida (NAU Editora/Faperj, 2013.carla@ifcs.ufrj.br 

  16. Walter Benjamin ja lugemismõnu / Aija Sakova-Merivee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sakova-Merivee, Aija, 1980-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Benjamin, Walter. Lapsepõlv Berliinis 1900. aasta paiku : valik esseid. II / Walter Benjamin ; saksa keelest tõlkinud Mati Sirkel ; koostanud ja järelsõna: Marek Tamm. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2014. (Loomingu raamatukogu ; 2014, nr. 9/11)

  17. Walter Benjamin ja lugemismõnu / Aija Sakova-Merivee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sakova-Merivee, Aija, 1980-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Benjamin, Walter. Lapsepõlv Berliinis 1900. aasta paiku : valik esseid. II / Walter Benjamin ; saksa keelest tõlkinud Mati Sirkel ; koostanud ja järelsõna: Marek Tamm. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2014. (Loomingu raamatukogu ; 2014, nr. 9/11)

  18. Benjamin y Wittgenstein en torno al lenguaje de los hombres

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    Kenneth Moreno May

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se confrontan las imágenes de Ludwig Wittgenstein y Walter Benjamin en torno al lenguaje; se toma como punto de partida el Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus de Wittgenstein, y otros textos de su obra madura, comparándolos con algunos textos de la juventud de Benjamin, entre los que resalta, Sobre el lenguaje en general y el lenguaje de los humanos. Los objetivos generales son dos: Por un lado, mostrar como ambos autores confluyen desde caminos diferentes hacia el mismo punto. Por otro lado, exponer la manera como Benjamin se adelanta al Wittgenstein maduro mostrando las conexiones del lenguaje y espiritualidad a través de lo que Benjamin llama “facultad mimética” de la naturaleza y del ser humano. A partir de esta reflexión se mantiene con Benjamin una postura crítica respecto a la obra del joven Wittgenstein.

  19. Benjamin & Schmitt: uma arqueologia da exceção Benjamin & Schmitt: an archeology of exception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annie Dymetman

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Situados em pólos opostos da vida ideológica e cultural européia dos anos 20 e 30 do século passado, Walter Benjamin e Carl Schmitt são protagonistas em um complexo jogo de afinidade e repulsa no plano das suas concepções básicas, articuladas em torno do tema do excesso. A autora propõe uma hermenêutica do excesso.Situated at opposed poles of the ideological and cultural life in the twenties and thirties of the last century. Walter Benjamin and Carl Schmitt are protagonists in a complex play of affinity and repulsion on the level of their basic conceptions, which are built around the theme of excess. The author proposes an hermeneutic of excess.

  20. The Death and Life of Walter Benjamin

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    David Kishik

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available What if Walter Benjamin actually made it to New York as he was escaping the Nazis, settling there for the rest of his long life? What if he was working on a sequel to his Arcades Project, translating his ideas about Paris, capital of the nineteenth century, to his new city and own epoch? And what if I inadvertently discovered the manuscript of this so-called Manhattan Project, and decided to write a study dedicated to the unearthed text? This paper offers a few reflections on, and quotations from, the book that I am currently, truly working on, which is an analysis of a phantom of a book, inspired by a real collection of reflections and quotations that were made in preparation for another book that was also never written.

  1. The Curious Case of Benjamin Button

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李群干; 李春

    2010-01-01

    一个奇异的开始,注定了奇异的结束;一个魔幻的故事,谱写着非凡的人生;一个青春活泼的女孩,与传奇老小孩心灵相通,结下了牵挂一生的誓言,演绎了一出生离死别、百转千回的至情至爱的史诗。《返老还童》(The Curious Case of Benjamin Button),一个时空交错的故事,一个垂死弥留之际的人生追忆,一段跌宕冗长、历史沧桑的叙述,让读者嗅到了生命的凄凉,爱的无奈……

  2. Lenguaje y violencia entre Benjamin y Canetti

    OpenAIRE

    Esposito, Roberto

    2006-01-01

    En este artículo, se pone en cuestión el tópico según el cual habría una contraposición absoluta entre comunicación y violencia, entre lenguaje y poder. Este tópico está presente en el habla común y entre los filósofos, como es el caso de Arendt, Apel y Habermas. Para someterlo a revisión, Esposito se sirve de tres autores —Benjamin, Blanchot y Canetti— y va mostrando la progresión crítica que conduce hasta el autor de Masa y poder. Para Canetti, la violenc...

  3. George Kelly: cognitive psychologist, humanistic psychologist, or something else entirely?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjafield, John G

    2008-11-01

    George Kelly was regarded by some of his contemporaries as a cognitive psychologist and by others as a humanistic psychologist. Kelly himself resisted being rubricized. He did, however, name several people who had been influential in his life and work, one of whom was J.F. Herbart. A comparison of Herbart and Kelly reveals several similarities. Both shared a belief that psychology was fundamentally a mathematical discipline. Both eliminated distinctions usually taken for granted in psychology, such as emotion versus cognition. Reconstructing Kelly's relation to Herbart allows one to see more clearly why Kelly was such a unique figure in 20th century psychology.

  4. Selected Leading American Educational Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    2015-01-01

    There are selected psychologists who have contributed much toward studying problems in teaching and learning. They have suggested plans from research, carefully conducted, which enable educational practices to be set on more secure and justifiable grounds. The writer will briefly write about ten leaders, although there are salient others.

  5. 10 CFR 712.33 - Designated Psychologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Designated Psychologist. 712.33 Section 712.33 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HUMAN RELIABILITY PROGRAM Medical Standards § 712.33 Designated Psychologist. (a) The Designated Psychologist reports to the SOMD and determines the psychological fitness of an individual...

  6. Allan Bloom's Quarrel with History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, James

    1988-01-01

    Responds to Allan Bloom's "The Closing of the American Mind." Concludes that despite cranky comments about bourgeois culture, the focus of Bloom's attack is on historicism, which undercuts his nostalgic vision of a prosperous and just America. Condemns Bloom's exclusion of Blacks, Hispanics, and women from America's cultural heritage.…

  7. Allan Bloom's Quarrel with History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, James

    1988-01-01

    Responds to Allan Bloom's "The Closing of the American Mind." Concludes that despite cranky comments about bourgeois culture, the focus of Bloom's attack is on historicism, which undercuts his nostalgic vision of a prosperous and just America. Condemns Bloom's exclusion of Blacks, Hispanics, and women from America's cultural heritage.…

  8. Walter Benjamin, historia cultural y fotografía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Isabel Zapata Villamil

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article we will see that Walter Benjamin's construction of a concept of history is not based only on thinkers like Marx, Freud or Nietzsche. For Benjamin, certain works of art were sources of great inspiration. Besides pointing out this wide range of sources, my interest is in highlighting Benjamin’sinterest in images as sources. Benjamin considers iconography, mass production of art and technical aspects of photographic reproduction.//A lo largo de este artículo veremos cómo Walter Benjamin no se basará únicamente en pensadores como Marx, Freud y Nietzsche para construir su concepción de la historia. Para él serán también fuentes de inspiración fundamental algunas obras artísticas. Además de destacar esta amplia gama de fuentes mi interés es resaltar su acercamiento a estas últimas, principalmente con relación a las imágenes. Para referirse a ellas Benjamin considerará: La interpretación de lo iconográfico, la consideración del arte de masas y el estudio de la técnica reproductiva.

  9. Bakhtin and Benjamin: On Goethe and Other Matters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Bubnova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This article re-examines the affinities and differences between the thought of Bakhtin and Benjamin. Both are important to that branch of contemporary philosophy which analyzes the destinies of the 20th century and belong to the present-day post-secular epoch. Both understand our world by reviewing our lived experiences, to find elements that help us evaluate it and provide an orientation for our present situation. There are similarities in the reception of their ideas. In Latin America, Bakhtin and Benjamin are frequently interpreted in a political sense and serve as a basis for thinking about historical events and the facts of contemporary culture. The works of Benjamin are more frequently published, disseminated, and commented upon than those of Bakhtin. The main focus of this article is to study how Goethe served as a catalyst or pivot for the particular illuminations of both thinkers. In this perspective, Bakhtin and Benjamin are seen as two communicating vessels, despite their differences on questions of language, the role that Kant plays in their thinking, or the texts that interested them. Bakhtin’s materialistic conception of language is quite opposed to the messianic mysticism of Benjamin.

  10. Walter Benjamin: un melanconico allievo di Aby Warburg

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    Marco Bertozzi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Walter Benjamin tried to get in touch with Panofsky and the Warburg’s circle, but the attempt failed. This article examines the chapter on melancholy of Benjamin’s The Origin of the German Tragic Drama (1928 and his main sources, i. e. Warburg’s essay Pagan-Antique Prophecy in Words and Images in the Age of Luther (1920 and Panofsky-Saxl’s work Dürers Melencolia I (1923. Benjamin interpreted the melancholy of the German Tragic Drama as a jump back to the deadly sin of sloth: he saw the saturnine melancholy under the sign of the medieval acedia.

  11. Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Contact & Help Economic Releases Latest Releases » Major Economic Indicators » Schedules for news Releases » By Month By News ... styles, and employee morale. They also work with management on matters such as policy planning, ... Hospitals; state, local, and private 6 Individual and family ...

  12. Child Psychologist:Jean Piaget

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭大任

    2006-01-01

    Jean Piaget(1896-1980),a professor of psychology at theUniversity of Geneva from 1929 to 1954,was a French Swissdevelopmental psychologist who is most well known for organizingcognitive development into a series of stages,including Sensorimotor,Pheoperational,Concrete Operational,and Formal Operational.Piaget’s theory supposes that people develop schemas(conceptualmodels)by either assimilating or accommodating new information.These concepts can be explained as fitting information in to existingschemas,and altering existing schemas in order to accommodate newinformation,respectively.

  13. The psychologist's dilemma ESHHS Paper Utrecht 2010

    OpenAIRE

    van Hezewijk, René; Stam, Henderikus

    2010-01-01

    The Psychologists Dilemma Game René van Hezewijk and Henderikus Stam Among the recurrent cleavages that define 20th century psychology is the deep division between psychologies that distance the psychologist from the phenomenon under investigation from those that engage the question under investigation from the perspective of the reflexive capacities of the psychologist as one among other human beings and/or members of a specific culture. Most obvious was the emergence – in the late nineteent...

  14. Benjamin Franklin's Evolving Views on Race and Ethnicity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapham, Steven S.; Saunders, Andrew

    2005-01-01

    More telling than his negative comments about Germans' shortcomings, was Benjamin Franklin's early attitude to slavery. In the 1730s, Franklin's newspaper, the Philadelphia Gazette, carried advertisements for black slaves, and he himself apparently participated in the slave trade, acting at the very least as the contact man for buyers and sellers.…

  15. Genius or Dynamic Learner? Benjamin Franklin's Path to Greatness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcum, James W.

    2008-01-01

    While the remarkable accomplishments of Benjamin Franklin are unparalleled, the means of their attainment can be considered more accessible to ordinary people and not necessarily attributable to a special genius. The steady development of Franklin's knowledge and skills is traced in light of a new model of "dynamic learning," which is a method…

  16. Benjamin Franklin, William Hewson and the Craven Street bones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Hillson

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available Renovation of the house in London where Benjamin Franklin lived has led to the discovery of the remains of a late eighteenth-century anatomy school. Investigations by bioarchaeologists from the Institute are revealing William Hewson's remarkable contribution to the development of anatomical science.

  17. A new resolution of the Judy Benjamin problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Romeijn, J.-W.; Douven, I.

    2011-01-01

    Van Fraassen's Judy Benjamin problem has generally been taken to show that not all rational changes of belief can be modelled in a probabilistic framework if the available update rules are restricted to Bayes's rule and Jeffrey's generalization thereof. But alternative rules based on distance functi

  18. Bakhtin e Benjamin: sobre Goethe e outras questões

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Bubnova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo reexamina as afinidades e as diferenças entre o pensamento de Bakhtin e Benjamin. Ambos são importantes para aquele ramo da filosofia contemporânea que analisa os destinos do século XX e pertencem à época atual pós-secular. Ambos compreendem nosso mundo por meio do procedimento de revisão de nossas experiências de vida, a fim de encontrar elementos que nos ajudem a avaliá-la e fornecer uma orientação para nossa situação atual. Há semelhanças na recepção de suas ideias. Na América Latina, Bakhtin e Benjamin são frequentemente interpretados num sentido político e servem como base para se refletir sobre acontecimentos históricos e fatos da cultura contemporânea. Os trabalhos de Benjamin são mais frequentemente publicados, disseminados e comentados do que aqueles de Bakhtin. O foco principal deste artigo é estudar como Goethe serviu de catalizador ou pivô para as iluminações particulares desses dois pensadores. Nessa perspectiva, Bakhtin e Benjamin são vistos como vasos comunicantes, a despeito de suas diferenças em questões de linguagem, do papel que Kant desempenha em seus pensamentos ou dos textos que interessaram a ambos. A concepção materialista de linguagem de Bakhtin opõe-se bastante ao misticismo messiânico de Benjamin.

  19. [Psychologist-nurse, a rewarding collaboration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Léger, Isabelle; Cludy, Laurence

    2011-10-01

    Psychologist-nurse, a rewarding collaboration. The collaboration between nurses and psychologists is relatively recent within healthcare institutes. Gaining maximum value from such a collaboration requires solid knowledge of the roles and the limits of each profession as well as a real desire to work together, for the benefit of the greater well-being of the patient and, indirectly, of the teams.

  20. The psychologist's dilemma ESHHS Paper Utrecht 2010

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hezewijk, René; Stam, Henderikus

    2010-01-01

    The Psychologists Dilemma Game René van Hezewijk and Henderikus Stam Among the recurrent cleavages that define 20th century psychology is the deep division between psychologies that distance the psychologist from the phenomenon under investigation from those that engage the question under investi

  1. The psychologist's dilemma ESHHS Paper Utrecht 2010

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hezewijk, René; Stam, Henderikus

    2010-01-01

    The Psychologists Dilemma Game René van Hezewijk and Henderikus Stam Among the recurrent cleavages that define 20th century psychology is the deep division between psychologies that distance the psychologist from the phenomenon under investigation from those that engage the question under investi

  2. The Legalization of the School Psychologists' World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirp, David L.; Kirp, Lauren M.

    1976-01-01

    Discusses the increasing tendency of legal rules to shape school psychologist's conduct. The article suggests that "the legalization of the school psychologist's world" may afford an opportunity to reshape, in more "nonformal" and collegial ways, relationships with other school professions, students, and parents. (Author)

  3. The psychologist's dilemma ESHHS Paper Utrecht 2010

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hezewijk, René; Stam, Henderikus

    2010-01-01

    The Psychologists Dilemma Game René van Hezewijk and Henderikus Stam Among the recurrent cleavages that define 20th century psychology is the deep division between psychologies that distance the psychologist from the phenomenon under investigation from those that engage the question under

  4. A New Role for the Psychologist?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ainscow, Mel

    1976-01-01

    The educational psychologist and the school staff of an ESN(M) (educationally sub-normal) special school in Great Britain could relate more meaningfully if the assessments of the students by both teachers and psychologists were related to a curriculum based on sequencing of skills. (IM)

  5. Bloom syndrome in two siblings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sultan, Sheikh Javeed; Sultan, Sheikh Tariq

    2010-01-01

    Bloom syndrome (congenital telangiectatic erythema) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by telangiectasias and photosensitivity, growth deficiency of prenatal onset, variable degrees of immunodeficiency, and increased susceptibility to neoplasms of many sites and types. We are reporting Bloom syndrome in two brothers from Kashmir (India), 8 and 6 years of age, who presented with erythematous rashes on the face, photosensitivity, and growth retardation.

  6. A New Bloom: Transforming Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cochran, David; Conklin, Jack

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses a new design for the classic Bloom's Taxonomy developed by Anderson, L. W. & Krathwohl, D. (2001), which can be used to evaluate learners' technology-enhanced experience in more powerful and critical ways. The New Bloom's Taxonomy incorporates contemporary research on learning and human cognition into its model. The…

  7. Algal Bloom: Boon or Bane?

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    LokaBharathi, P.A.

    productive regions. Sometimes land run off and other anthropogenic influences trigger intense bloom leading to anoxia that can affect fauna at higher levels When such algal blooms are toxic (ca 6% of 5000sps) they are referred to as HABS (harmful algal...

  8. Benjamin sociographe de la mémoire collective ? Benjamin, sociographer of collective memory ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Berdet

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Walter Benjamin est-il un sociographe de la mémoire collective  ? Une comparaison des thèmes morphologique, phénoménologique et politique de la sociologie halbwachsienne de la mémoire et de l’écriture benjaminienne de Paris permet de répondre à cette question. Morphologique : il s’agit principalement de voir comment la mémoire collective peut se cristalliser dans son espace urbain. Phénoménologique : le processus de remémoration suppose la rencontre d’un pluralisme temporel et de représentations collectives dans des images auxquelles cet espace urbain n’est pas étranger. Politique : un type de remémoration doit être mis à profit par cette image pour le progrès de la civilisation, notamment contre le fascisme. Au terme de ce cheminement, apparaît le rôle décisif de la métathéorie pour la théorie qui fait voir la différence profonde entre nos deux auteurs que le combat épistémologique qu’il entraînait avait rapprochés. Car si la mémoire collective est réifiée dans la ville, c’est selon une représentation singulière du temps dont elle-même découle. Or c’est précisément au nom d’une représentation du temps que le sociologue français et le philosophe allemand veulent fonder d’une part la science, d’autre part l’action.Is Walter Benjamin a sociographer of collective memory ? A comparison between the morphological, phenomenological and political topics of Halbwach’s sociology of memory and Benjamin’s writing on Paris allows us to answer this question. Morphological: it is mainly a question of seeing how collective memory can crystallize in its urban setting. Phenomenological: the process of recollection supposes an encounter between a temporal pluralism and collective representations in images from which that urban space is not disconnected. Political: a type of recollection must be put to use by this image for the progress of civilization, especially against Fascism. At the end of

  9. Les modalités du temps chez Benjamin Franklin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elise Marienstras

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La renommée multiséculaire de Benjamin Franklin tient surtout à sa qualité d'homme des Lumières. Cet article s'intéresse à l'extrême complexité de sa pensée sur le temps comme concept, comme mode de vie, comme outil pour s'enrichir, et comme vision générale du progrès du genre humain.The long-lasting fame of Benjamin Franklin rests principally on his characteristics as a scientist and a philosopher of the Enlightenment. This article raises the question of Franklin's conception of time and examines his numerous uses of « time » as a concept, as a way of living, as a means to obtain wealth, as a general vision of the progress of mankind.

  10. An art history of means: Arendt-Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jae Emerling

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Transmissibility is an essential concept for any discourse on historiography and aesthetics. In fact, this concept traverses the contemporary impasse of art historical critical practice. Although explicitly associated with Walter Benjamin, the entirety of Hannah Arendt’s work on art and history is premised on transmissibility as well. It allows them to conceive a space of history from within the aesthetic, the world of artifice. This essay reads Benjamin and Arendt alongside and against one other in order to rethink art and history without resorting to eschatology or the histrionics of political theology. In creating this virtual historiography—Arendt-Benjamin—it conceives transmissibility as an aesthetic-historiographic concept that renders an openness between past and future, poiesis and aisthesis. Writing the history of art becomes the creation of a passage between what-has-been and artifice; it becomes the opening of history into life, an event of recollection.

  11. Psychologists and child psychological maltreatment severity assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arruabarrena, Ignacia; De Paúl, Joaquín; Indias, Silvia; Ullate, María

    2013-01-01

    Psychological maltreatment (PM) is probably the most difficult child maltreatment form to detect and evaluate. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of an instrument developed to improve accuracy in the assessment of PM severity in Child Protection Services (CPS). Case vignettes representing different severity levels of PM situations were used. 146 CPS psychologists participated in the study. A first group was made up of 115 psychologists who had been trained in the use of the instrument for 4 hours. The second group was made up of 31 psychologists who had been using the instrument for more than 12 months at the time of the study. Psychologists from the first group rated the severity of the vignettes in two ways: applying their own daily work criteria and applying the instrument after the training. Accurate ratings clearly improved when psychologists used the instrument criteria. However, only psychologists who had used the instrument for more than 12 months at the time of the study obtained more than 80% of accurate ratings. Results support the importance for CPS psychologists to use psychological maltreatment severity assessment instruments and show the conditions under which they could be effective.

  12. Exact Solutions of the Generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xun Liu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We apply the theory of Weierstrass elliptic function to study exact solutions of the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation. By using the theory of Weierstrass elliptic integration, we get some traveling wave solutions, which are expressed by the hyperbolic functions and trigonometric functions. This method is effective to find exact solutions of many other similar equations which have arbitrary-order nonlinearity.

  13. Benjamin's conception of language and Adorno's aesthetic theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Duarte

    Full Text Available According to the theory of language of the young Benjamin, the primary task of language isn't the communication of contents, but to express itself as a "spiritual essence" in which also men take part. That conception according to which language would be a medium to signification of something outside it leads to a necessary decrease of its original strength and is thus denominated by Benjamin bürgerlich. The names of human language are remainders of an archaic state, in which things weren't yet mute and had their own language. Benjamin suggests also that all the arts remind the original language of things, as they make objects "speak" in form of sounds, colors, shapes etc. That relationship between arts as reminders of the "language of things" and the possible reconciliation of mankind with itself and with nature has been developed by Theodor Adorno in several of his writings, specially in the Aesthetic Theory, where the artwork is ultimately conceived as a construct pervaded by "language" in the widest meaning - not in the "bourgeois" sense.

  14. Dynamics of rogue waves on multisoliton background in the Benjamin Ono equation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    YUN-KAI LIU; BIAO LI

    2017-04-01

    For the Benjamin Ono equation, the Hirota bilinear method and long wave limit method are applied to obtain the breathers and the rogue wave solutions. Bright and dark rogue waves exist in the Benjamin Ono equation, and their typical dynamics are analysed and illustrated. The semirational solutions possessing rogue waves and solitons are also obtained, and demonstrated by the three-dimensional figures. Furthermore, the hybrid of rogue wave and breather solutions are also found in the Benjamin Ono equation.

  15. OSU MODIS FLH Bloom Product

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Two bloom products were developed for the Oregon coast based on the observed change between running 8-day composite chlorophyll-a (CHL) and fluorescence line-height...

  16. Further Verification of Bloom's Taxonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Nancy

    1976-01-01

    Tests a curriculum designed to teach fifth and sixth grade students system dynamics thinking, an orientation that is congruent with the fourth and fifth levels of Bloom's "Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: Cognitive Domain".

  17. Answer to Benjamin Dessus or how the ideology can cloud the best minds; Reponse a Benjamin Dessus ou Comment l'ideologie peut obscurcir les meilleurs esprits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nifenecker, H

    2009-01-15

    The author aims to clarify the declarations of the article published by Benjamin Dessus, in Mediapart. He accuses him of manipulating data in order to find faults with the french nuclear program and more particularly the electric heating. The author then details and explains many affirmations of Benjamin Dessus: the CO{sub 2} contain of the electricity, which electric production must be taken into account, the nuclear and the energy independence, the french petroleum consumption, the central electric heating, the nuclear reactor power adjustment, the prices. The article of Benjamin Dessus is also provided in annex. (A.L.B.)

  18. "Un paysage hanté, intense comme l'opium". Ville et notion de paysage selon Siegfried Kracauer et Walter Benjamin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reeh, Henrik

    2001-01-01

    bykultur, filosofi, Walter Benjamin, Siegfried Kracauer, Berlin, Paris, landskab, begrebet bylandskab......bykultur, filosofi, Walter Benjamin, Siegfried Kracauer, Berlin, Paris, landskab, begrebet bylandskab...

  19. Benjamin's conception of language and Adorno's aesthetic theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Duarte

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available According to the theory of language of the young Benjamin, the primary task of language isn't the communication of contents, but to express itself as a "spiritual essence" in which also men take part. That conception according to which language would be a medium to signification of something outside it leads to a necessary decrease of its original strength and is thus denominated by Benjamin bürgerlich. The names of human language are remainders of an archaic state, in which things weren't yet mute and had their own language. Benjamin suggests also that all the arts remind the original language of things, as they make objects "speak" in form of sounds, colors, shapes etc. That relationship between arts as reminders of the "language of things" and the possible reconciliation of mankind with itself and with nature has been developed by Theodor Adorno in several of his writings, specially in the Aesthetic Theory, where the artwork is ultimately conceived as a construct pervaded by "language" in the widest meaning - not in the "bourgeois" sense.De acordo com a teoria da linguagem do jovem Benjamin, a tarefa primordial da linguagem não é a comunicação de Conteúdos, mas expressar a si própria como uma "essência espiritual", da qual também o gênero humano toma parte. Essa concepção, de acordo com a qual a linguagem seria um médium para a significação de algo fora dela leva necessariamente a uma diminuição de sua potência originária e é, portanto, chamada por Benjamin burguesa (bürgerlich. Os nomes da linguagem humana são resquícios de um estado arcaico, no qual as coisas ainda não eram mudas e tinham sua própria linguagem. Benjamin sugere também que todas as artes rememoram a linguagem originária das coisas, na medida em que fazem os objetos "falarem" em forma de sons, cores, formas etc. Essa relação entre arte como resquício da "linguagem das coisas" e a possível reconciliação do gênero humano consigo próprio e com a

  20. Conceito de barbárie em Walter Benjamin.

    OpenAIRE

    Marinho, Clayton Rodrigo da Fonsêca

    2015-01-01

    Programa de Pós-Graduação em Filosofia. Departamento de Filosofia, Instituto de Filosofia, Artes e Cultura, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto. Esta pesquisa busca apresentar um conceito de barbárie na obra do filósofo Walter Benjamin. Quando, em seu ensaio “Experiência e Pobreza” (1933), ele diz da necessidade de pensar um “conceito novo e positivo de barbárie”, tomamos a sério a tarefa de conceituá-la. Para isso, adotamos um paradigma estético de pensamento, a “constelação”, a fim de che...

  1. Walter Benjamin: A Philosophy of Today for Tomorrow :

    OpenAIRE

    camargo, David

    1994-01-01

    Al igual que el aleph de la tradición judaica, donde en un punto se reune el pasado, el presente y el futuro de todas las cosas, y el mundo donde se reune la totalidad de memoria, vida y esperanza, deseo retomar un punto para señalar la totalidad. Tal vez a la manera como el propio Benjamin trabajaba la 'imagen dialéctica', expresión del contenido total en la superficie inintencional de lo particular: "En su teoría, cada 'idea', cada construcción a partir de lo particular, era autosuficiente....

  2. Vasserman ja Keerend rahvusvahelistel näitustel / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    2001-01-01

    17. VI-2. IX Kanada Quebeci provintsis Trois-Riviere'is toimuval II rahvusvahelisel graafikabiennaalil osaleb Benjamin Vasserman 7 graafilise lehega. Peapreemia - Tomoya Uchida graafiline sari "Nest". Valiknäituse "Triennial of One Hundred Cities" esimesel väljapanekul Dzierzoniowis osalesid Avo Keerend ja B. Vasserman, A. Keerendi töö "Vastasseis XII" on avaldatud näituse bukleti esikaanel. Itaalias Pisas 7.-14. VII toimunud III ülemaailmsel väikegraafika ja -maali näitusel "ITART 2001" pälvis B. Vassermani "Finalist" diplomi ja õiguse osaleda finalistide preemianäitusel Livornos.

  3. Walter Benjamin e Paris: individualidade e trabalho intelectual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Ortiz

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é uma leitura do texto de Walter Benjamin Paris capital do século XIX. A partir do conjunto de anotações que Benjamin faz de diversos livros consultados, principalmente durante sua pesquisa na Bibliothèque Nationale, o autor pretende trabalhar a noção de indivíduo vinculando-a a dois temas. Primeiro, a emergência do flâneur como tradução do espírito de mobilidade que se inaugura com a modernidade. Para isso a discussão sobre a noção de espaço, particularmente no que diz respeito a cidade de Paris, é importante. O flâneur surge assim como um indivíduo desenraizado que se locomove através do espaço urbano remodelado. Segundo, uma aproximação entre o ato da flânerie e o trabalho intelectual. Considerando a flânerie como uma atividade intelectual o autor mostra como os temas do distanciamento e da construção do objeto são relevantes tanto para o flâneur-detetive quanto para a reflexão nas ciências sociais.This paper is an interpretation of Walter Benjamins Paris, Capital of the 19th Century. Based on the notes Benjamin made on several books he read, mainly during his research at the Bibliotèque Nationale, the author discusses the notion of the individual linking it to two themes. First, to the emergence of the flâneur as a translation of the spirit of mobility which starts with modernity. The discussion on the notion of space, especially where it concerns Paris, is essential for this analysis. The flâneur is seen as an uprooted individual who moves around the remodelled urban space. Second, to the proximity between the act of flânerie and that of intellectual work. Taking flânerie to be intellectual activity, the author shows how the themes of the distancing and the construction of the object are relevant, both to the detective-flâneur and to the reflection in social sciences.

  4. Vasserman ja Keerend rahvusvahelistel näitustel / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    2001-01-01

    17. VI-2. IX Kanada Quebeci provintsis Trois-Riviere'is toimuval II rahvusvahelisel graafikabiennaalil osaleb Benjamin Vasserman 7 graafilise lehega. Peapreemia - Tomoya Uchida graafiline sari "Nest". Valiknäituse "Triennial of One Hundred Cities" esimesel väljapanekul Dzierzoniowis osalesid Avo Keerend ja B. Vasserman, A. Keerendi töö "Vastasseis XII" on avaldatud näituse bukleti esikaanel. Itaalias Pisas 7.-14. VII toimunud III ülemaailmsel väikegraafika ja -maali näitusel "ITART 2001" pälvis B. Vassermani "Finalist" diplomi ja õiguse osaleda finalistide preemianäitusel Livornos.

  5. Magic, Mimesis, and Revolutionary Praxis: Illuminating Walter Benjamin's Rhetoric of Redemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeChaine, D. Robert

    2000-01-01

    Outlines the rhetorical contributions of Walter Benjamin, who attempted to develop a social critique arguing for the decisive function of critical intervention. Suggests Benjamin's insights about the liberatory role of the engaged social agent warrant closer attention. Proposes his ideas provide useful avenues for examining contemporary texts and…

  6. Benjamin, Benson, and the Child's Gaze: Childhood Desire and Pleasure in the David Blaize Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tribunella, Eric L.

    2016-01-01

    Walter Benjamin's writings on children and their books reflect a desire to imagine different possibilities in perceiving and engaging with the world. Benjamin's child, like the flâneur, experiences a particular way of seeing unfettered by instrumentality and characterised by a sense of wonder, aimlessness of path or purpose, and keen interest in…

  7. The Way to Achieve Chinese Dream:Pragmatism of Benjamin Franklin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘婕

    2016-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin is the Father of America. He is the pioneer of achieving the American dream. His pragmatism, which is the basis of American's values. The essay conclude the Benjamin Franklin's devotion on friendship, education, diplo-macy and writing in order to give some inspirations for us to achieve the Chinese dream.

  8. The National Association of School Psychologists' Self-Assessment Tool for School Psychologists: Factor Structure and Relationship to the National Association of School Psychologists' Practice Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eklund, Katie; Rossen, Eric; Charvat, Jeff; Meyer, Lauren; Tanner, Nick

    2016-01-01

    The National Association of School Psychologists' Model for Comprehensive and Integrated School Psychological Services (2010a), often referred to as the National Association of School Psychologists' Practice Model, describes the comprehensive range of professional skills and competencies available from school psychologists across 10 domains. The…

  9. The concept of resistance in Benjamin and Adorno O conceito de resistência em Benjamin e Adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia A. Morato Fernandes

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available That work intends, with base in some texts of Theodor Adorno and of Walter Benjamin, to discuss the meaning of the “resistance” concepts and of “conformism” for such authors. These concepts are not elaborated in way explicit or systematic by both, to the opposite they are related subtlety the some aspects of the contemporary social life, as the disappearance of the experience, the decline of the narration, the loss of the sense of the history and the consequent suppression of the memory, the appearance of the cultural industry. Of that it sorts things out, explicit those concepts, especially when referred the those subjects, it helps us not only to understand the conception of Benjamin and Adorno, but also your judgements on the cultural scene of the beginning of the century - without, though, to intend to establish a model of what can be the resistance or the conformism. Keywords: Resistance. Conformism. Culture. Romances. School of Frankfurt. Este trabalho pretende, com base em alguns textos de Theodor Adorno e de Walter Benjamin, discutir o significado dos conceitos de “resistência” e de “conformismo” para tais autores. Esses conceitos não são elaborados de modo explícito ou sistemático por ambos; ao contrário, são sutilmente relacionados a alguns aspectos da vida social contemporânea, como o desaparecimento da experiência, o declínio da narração, a perda do sentido da história e a conseqüente supressão da memória, e o surgimento da indústria cultural. Dessa maneira, explicitar esses conceitos, especialmente quando referidos a essas questões, ajuda-nos não só a entender a concepção de Benjamin e de Adorno, mas também seus juízos sobre a cena cultural do início do século XX - sem, todavia, pretender estabelecer um modelo do que possa ser a resistência ou o conformismo. Palavras-chave: Resistência. Conformismo. Cultura. Romances. Escola de Frankfurt.

  10. Time-periodic solutions of the Benjamin-Ono equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ambrose , D.M.; Wilkening, Jon

    2008-04-01

    We present a spectrally accurate numerical method for finding non-trivial time-periodic solutions of non-linear partial differential equations. The method is based on minimizing a functional (of the initial condition and the period) that is positive unless the solution is periodic, in which case it is zero. We solve an adjoint PDE to compute the gradient of this functional with respect to the initial condition. We include additional terms in the functional to specify the free parameters, which, in the case of the Benjamin-Ono equation, are the mean, a spatial phase, a temporal phase and the real part of one of the Fourier modes at t = 0. We use our method to study global paths of non-trivial time-periodic solutions connecting stationary and traveling waves of the Benjamin-Ono equation. As a starting guess for each path, we compute periodic solutions of the linearized problem by solving an infinite dimensional eigenvalue problem in closed form. We then use our numerical method to continue these solutions beyond the realm of linear theory until another traveling wave is reached (or until the solution blows up). By experimentation with data fitting, we identify the analytical form of the solutions on the path connecting the one-hump stationary solution to the two-hump traveling wave. We then derive exact formulas for these solutions by explicitly solving the system of ODE's governing the evolution of solitons using the ansatz suggested by the numerical simulations.

  11. Bloom syndrome with lung involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Girija; Lobo, Ivona; Jayalaksmi, T K; Uppe, Abhay; Jindal, Savita; Chandra, Abhishek; Swami, Shivani

    2009-07-01

    We report a case of a 24-year old male presented with cough and breathlessness with diabetes mellitus and diagnosed as a case of bloom syndrome. He was a product of consanguineous marriage, having short stature, dolicocephaly, polydactyly, prominent nose with telangiectasia face. The respiratory system examination revealed bilateral coarse crepitations and wheezes and the chest X-ray revealed emphysema with right middle zone inhomogenous opacity. Also, CT thorax examination revealed bilateral cystic bronchiectasis with bronchiolitis obliterans. Bloom's syndrome was diagnosed on the basis of clinical features.

  12. Bloom, Neatby, and the Lung Fishes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auer, John W.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses Allan Bloom's "The Closing of the American Mind" from a Canadian point of view, contending that Bloom's angry, irrational book on failures in U.S. society and higher education does not raise interesting or important ideas. Similarities and differences between Bloom and author Hilda Neatby are noted. (SM)

  13. Questioning "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction": A Stroll around the Louvre after Reading Benjamin1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Davis

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article I claim that Walter Benjamin's essay "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" merits renewed critical attention. Just as Dada had confronted art with anti-art, so Benjamin hoped his essay would confront aesthetics with an anti-aesthetic. I examine Benjamin's capsule history of the aura and show it to be misleading, criticize the essay's underdeveloped ontology of painting and sketch an alternative, and draw attention to the surprising proximity of Benjamin's notion of value to that of neoliberal thought. I conclude with a critique of Benjamin's cultural politics.

  14. Mutational analysis of Bloom helicase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Xu Guang

    2010-01-01

    DNA helicases are biomolecular motors that convert the chemical energy derived from the hydrolysis of nucleotide triphosphate (usually ATP) into mechanical energy to unwind double-stranded DNA. The unwinding of double-stranded DNA is an essential process for DNA replication, repair, recombination, and transcription. Mutations in human RecQ helicases result in inherent human disease including Bloom's syndrome, Werner's syndrome, and Rothmund-Thomson syndrome. Bloom's syndrome (BS) is a rare human autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a strong predisposition to a wide range of cancers commonly affecting the general population. In order to understand the molecular basis of BS pathology and the mechanism underlying the function of Bloom helicase, we have analyzed BS-causing missense mutations by a combination of structural modeling, site-directed mutagenesis, and biochemical and biophysical approaches. Here, we describe the methods and protocols for measuring ATPase, ATP and DNA binding, DNA strand annealing, and DNA unwinding activities of Bloom protein and its mutant variants. These approaches should be applicable and useful for studying other helicases.

  15. Genetics Home Reference: Bloom syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... are of Central and Eastern European (Ashkenazi) Jewish background. Related Information What information about a genetic condition can statistics ... Genetic Testing Registry: Bloom syndrome Other Diagnosis and Management Resources (2 ... Information from MedlinePlus (5 links) Diagnostic Tests Drug Therapy ...

  16. Service discovery using Bloom filters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goering, P.T.H.; Heijenk, Gerhard J.; Lelieveldt, B.P.F.; Haverkort, Boudewijn R.H.M.; de Laat, C.T.A.M.; Heijnsdijk, J.W.J.

    A protocol to perform service discovery in adhoc networks is introduced in this paper. Attenuated Bloom filters are used to distribute services to nodes in the neighborhood and thus enable local service discovery. The protocol has been implemented in a discrete event simulator to investigate the

  17. Walter Benjamin's concept of aura and the cultural industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bráulio Santos Rabelo de Araújo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma análise do texto A obra de arte na era da reprodutibilidade técnica, de 1935, de Walter Benjamin, no qual o autor analisa as alterações provocadas pelas novas técnicas de produção artística na esfera da cultura, e desenvolve, como elemento principal, a tese de a reprodutibilidade técnica provocar a superação da aura pela obra de arte. Tendo como apoio o contraste do texto de Benjamin com o texto A indústria cultural: O esclarecimento como mistificação das massas, de Theodor Adorno e Max Horkheimer, de 1947, e a observação da produção do cinema, da música e do livro (artes necessariamente reprodutíveis, este artigo (a analisa a tese da superação do conceito de aura pela obra de arte na era da reprodutibilidade técnica, (b contrasta essa tese com a reflexão sobre indústria cultural de Adorno e Horkheimer e com as características da obra de arte produzida no decorrer do século 20 e início do século 21, e (c apresenta as contribuições que podem ser retiradas dessa análise para a atual reflexão a respeito dos impactos da Internet e das tecnologias digitais sobre a produção cultural contemporânea. Como resultado principal e do qual decorre outras conclusões, o artigo considera que as técnicas analisadas por Benjamin, apesar de terem tornado a obra de arte independente de um substrato único, não a emanciparam de seu caráter aurático. Os elementos centrais da aura (autenticidade e unicidade não foram superados, mas, ao contrário, adaptaram-se às mudanças técnicas, adaptação essa que ocorreu em torno da industrialização, a qual marcou a produção cultural no século 20.

  18. Child Maltreatment and the School Psychologist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viezel, Kathleen D.; Davis, Andrew S.

    2015-01-01

    Child maltreatment remains a relevant issue for school psychologists. This special issue was designed to provide school psychology practitioners, researchers, and other school personnel with current, empirically sound information about child maltreatment. This introduction provides context for the articles in this volume, including definitions of…

  19. Bereavement: a postgraduate training design for psychologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maricel Peña Villamar

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: death is a fact that impacts the lives of all human beings, so that it can neither be ignored nor distanced from its subsequent bereavement period, even if being wished. The grief reaction is one of the problems that most frequently demand the assistance of health staff, especially psychologists in all health care areas.Objective: to devise a system of activities that contributes to increase the psychologists’ knowledge about bereavement and its management.Methods: a multiple cases study was carried out with the application of two research instruments (questionnaire and interview to those psychologists who work in primary and secondary health care in Las Tunas municipality to diagnose their needs related to the management of bereavement. Qualitative methodology was used, based on the method of participatory action research, and workshops were designed as forms of educational intervention.Results: it was proved that psychologists have insufficient theoretical and methodological training in relation to care for the bereaved. Consequently, psychotherapeutic workshops were designed, offering the general methodology and procedures to be followed by the professional who assists the bereaved.Conclusions: psychotherapeutic workshops constitute a referential theoretical and practical model very useful for the preparation of psychologists to deal with bereavement.

  20. Training Ethical Psychologists: An Acculturation Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottlieb, Michael C.; Handelsman, Mitchell M.; Knapp, Samuel

    This paper posits the thesis that socialization into the profession of psychology is a process of acculturation. Students enter training with their own value traditions but are required to learn new ones when they become psychologists. The assumptions of the framework are that this "professional acculturation" (a) takes place over time, (b)…

  1. Child Maltreatment and the School Psychologist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viezel, Kathleen D.; Davis, Andrew S.

    2015-01-01

    Child maltreatment remains a relevant issue for school psychologists. This special issue was designed to provide school psychology practitioners, researchers, and other school personnel with current, empirically sound information about child maltreatment. This introduction provides context for the articles in this volume, including definitions of…

  2. The Musician, the Researcher and the Psychologist

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uddholm, Mats

    2013-01-01

    The Musician, the Researcher and the Psychologist The aim of this presentation is to illuminate and discuss some connections between the therapeutic profession and development of music pedagogic theory. A topic that initially emerged as a result of a sub-study in my PhD -project about professiona...

  3. Spazi per pensare. Topografia e immagine in Warburg e Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raoul Kirchmayr

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the late modernity, both Warburg and Benjamin put themselves on a borderline position. From that point of view, they show a common methodological and heuristic issue, consisting in creating “spaces for thinking” (Denkräume from where it would be possible to redraw in a newly conceived “topography” the metaphysical maps by means of which we have represented our world. This kind of critical operation requires a different focus on the relathionships between writing and image, space and time, and it cannot be separated from an experience (even in a biographical sense of “ownness” and “extraneity”. Thanks to this experience, the event of discovery outlines itself as an act of remembrance and, at the same time, as a promise for the future.

  4. On 'Shock:' The Artistic Imagination of Benjamin and Brecht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mara Polgovsky Ezcurra

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available “Shock” is perhaps the central concept of modernist aesthetics and Walter Benjamin its best known theorist. It has been well documented that Benjamin’s long-lasting friendship with Bertolt Brecht and the latter’s dramatic theory had a profound influence on his thinking about this notion. Brecht's techniques of interruption and juxtaposition in the practice of epic theater were in close relationship with Benjamin’s use of montage as a mechanism to “liberate” meaning. Despite Theodor Adorno’s and Gershom Scholem’s attempt to situate Benjamin’s thought in a different aesthetic tradition, Brecht’s understanding of Verfremdung (estrangement and Benjamin’s idea of “shock” are often deemed identical. In this paper I compare both concepts, looking at their points of coincidence and tension. I also relate their development to one of the most telling friendships in the history of twentieth-century philosophy.

  5. Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford Count Rumford on the nature of heat

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, Sanborn C

    1967-01-01

    Men of Physics: Benjamin Thompson - Count Rumford: Count Rumford on the Nature of Heat covers the significant contributions of Count Rumford in the fields of physics. Count Rumford was born with the name Benjamin Thompson on March 23, 1753, in Woburn, Massachusetts. This book is composed of two parts encompassing 11 chapters, and begins with a presentation of Benjamin Thompson's biography and his interest in physics, particularly as an advocate of an """"anti-caloric"""" theory of heat. The subsequent chapters are devoted to his many discoveries that profoundly affected the physical thought

  6. Sex Bias in Clinical Judgment among School Psychologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prout, H. Thompson; Frederickson, Anne K.

    1991-01-01

    Used analogue case study format to examine sex bias in clinical judgment among school psychologists. Varied sex of adolescent and problem type in 2 X 2 design. School psychologists read case study and rated perceived disturbance and importance of intervention. Psychologists rated it more important to intervene when subject was male; no differences…

  7. School Psychologists' Role Concerning Children with Chronic Illnesses in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barraclough, Camille; Machek, Greg

    2010-01-01

    The authors examined the role of school psychologists in working with children with chronic illnesses in the schools. A total of 300 practicing school psychologists in public schools, drawn from the National Association of School Psychologists membership directory, completed a standard mail survey. The survey solicited information on (a) graduate…

  8. 38 CFR 1.514a - Disclosure to private psychologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... psychologists. 1.514a Section 1.514a Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS... Disclosure to private psychologists. When a beneficiary elects to obtain therapy or analysis as a private patient from a private psychologist, such information in the medical record as may be pertinent may...

  9. School Psychologist Diagnostic Decision-Making: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnard-Brak, Lucy; Stevens, Tara; Robinson, Eric; Holt, Ann

    2013-01-01

    The current study examined the diagnostic decision-making of school psychologists as a function of a student's disability and academic performance with three research questions using a randomly-selected sample of school psychologists from the state of Texas. Results from the first research question indicated that school psychologists significantly…

  10. Cognitive Assessment Practices: A Survey of School Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotelo-Dynega, Marlene; Dixon, Shauna G.

    2014-01-01

    The present article describes an exploratory study regarding the preferred cognitive assessment practices of current school psychologists. Three hundred and twenty-three school psychologists participated in the survey. The results suggest that the majority of school psychologists endorsed that they base their assessment practices on an underlying…

  11. National Association of School Psychologists Principles for Professional Ethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Psychology Review, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The mission of the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) is to represent school psychology and support school psychologists to enhance the learning and mental health of all children and youth. "School psychologists" provide effective services to help children and youth succeed academically, socially, behaviorally, and emotionally.…

  12. Benjamin Fondane notebooks. Benjamin Fondane facing the History. About the Existential Monday. The Poem time, no. 14/2011, Editions Kedem, Tel Aviv, 243 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Speranţa Sofia MILANCOVICI

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Luna august reprezintă, pentru membrii sau colaboratorii Socièté d’Etudes Benjamin Fondane, momentul întâlnirii ştiinţifice anuale sub genericul Rencontres de Peyresq. Fiecare astfel de reuniune este succedată de apariţia unui volum critic realizat cu sprijinul Centre National du Livre – France. Este vorba despre seria deja cunoscutelor, în bibliografia de specialitate, Cahiers Benjamin Fondane.Volumul recent apărut poartă titlul Benjamin Fondane devant l’Histoire. Autour du Lundi existentiel. Au temps du Poème şi este cel de al paisprezecelea număr din seria caietelor.În îngrijirea energicei şi competentei preşedinte a Société d’Etudes Benjamin Fondane, prof. dr. Monique Jutrin, volumul propune spre lectură cercetătorilor de specialitate un corpus de eseuri critice grupate pe secţiuni: editorial, filosofie, poezie, opera în limba română a lui Benjamin Fundoianu, bibliografie de specialitate etc.

  13. Blooming Seas West of Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    For several weeks in May and early June, daily satellite images of the North Atlantic Ocean west of Ireland have captured partial glimpses of luxuriant blooms of microscopic marine plants between patches of clouds. On June 4, 2007, the skies over the ocean cleared, displaying the sea's spring bloom in brilliant color. A bright blue bloom stretches north from the Mouth of the River Shannon and tapers off like a plume of blue smoke north of Clare Island. (In the large image, a second bloom is visible to the north, wrapping around County Donegal, on the island's northwestern tip.) The image was captured by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Terra satellite. Cold, nutrient-stocked water often wells up to the surface from the deeper ocean along coastal shelves and at the edges of ocean currents. When it does, it delivers a boost of nutrients that fuel large blooms of single-celled plants collectively known as phytoplankton. The plants are the foundation of the marine food web, and their proliferation in this area of the North Atlantic explains why the waters of western Ireland support myriad fisheries and populations of large mammals like seals, whales, and dolphins. Like plants on land, phytoplankton make their food through photosynthesis, harnessing sunlight for energy using chlorophyll and other light-capturing pigments. The pigments change the way light reflects off the surface water, appearing as colorful swirls of turquoise and green against the darker blue of the ocean. Though individually tiny, collectively these plants play a big role in Earth's carbon and climate cycles; worldwide, they remove about as much carbon dioxide from the atmosphere during photosynthesis as land plants do. Satellites are the only way to map the occurrence of phytoplankton blooms across the global oceans on a regular basis. That kind of information is important not only to scientists who model carbon and climate, but also to biologists and fisheries

  14. 42 CFR 410.71 - Clinical psychologist services and services and supplies incident to clinical psychologist services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Clinical psychologist services and services and supplies incident to clinical psychologist services. 410.71 Section 410.71 Public Health CENTERS FOR... MEDICAL INSURANCE (SMI) BENEFITS Medical and Other Health Services § 410.71 Clinical psychologist...

  15. History's mysteries demystified: becoming a psychologist-historian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughn-Blount, Kelli; Rutherford, Alexandra; Baker, David; Johnson, Deborah

    2009-01-01

    More than 40 years ago, psychologist-historian Robert Watson argued that the study of history was of particular salience to psychology. In this article we explore the relationship between psychology and history and argue that the psychologist-historian plays a vital role in the discipline of psychology. We provide a brief overview of the emergence of the history of psychology as a professional subdiscipline, describe who psychologist-historians are, explain why they are needed, and detail how to join their ranks. We argue that increasing historical sophistication among psychologists will have beneficial effects on research and teaching, and we invite all psychologists to participate in the making of psychology's history.

  16. Pärt, Arvo. Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten / Andrew Achenbach

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Achenbach, Andrew

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo. Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten. BBC Northern Symphony Orchestra / Norman del Mar; BBC Symphony Orchestra / Gennady Rozhdestvensky". BBC Radio Classics CD BBCRD 9129 (71 minutes)

  17. Pärt, Arvo. Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten / Andrew Achenbach

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Achenbach, Andrew

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo. Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten. BBC Northern Symphony Orchestra / Norman del Mar; BBC Symphony Orchestra / Gennady Rozhdestvensky". BBC Radio Classics CD BBCRD 9129 (71 minutes)

  18. Benjamin Verdery teeb klassikast laheda show / Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2008-01-01

    Seitsmendate Eesti kitarrimuusikapäevade Fiesta de la Guitarra 2008 ja peaesinejast, USAst pärit kitarristist Benjamin Verdery'st (esineb 8. nov. Tallinnas Mederi saalis ja 9. nov. Vanemuise kammersaalis), festivalist

  19. Benjamin Schmidt, Inventing Exoticism: Geography, Globalism, and Europe’s Early Modern World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wouter Ryckbosch

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Benjamin Schmidt, Inventing Exoticism: Geography, Globalism, and Europe’s Early Modern World (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015, 448 pp., isbn 978 0 8122 4646 9.

  20. Generalized solutions to the Benjamin-Ono equations in sense of Colombeau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金小刚; 杨建刚; 蔺杰

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses the existence and uniqueness of the generalized solution in the sense of Colombeau to the Benjamin-Oho(B-O)equation and the relationship between the new generalized solution and the classical solution.

  1. Benjamin Verdery teeb klassikast laheda show / Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2008-01-01

    Seitsmendate Eesti kitarrimuusikapäevade Fiesta de la Guitarra 2008 ja peaesinejast, USAst pärit kitarristist Benjamin Verdery'st (esineb 8. nov. Tallinnas Mederi saalis ja 9. nov. Vanemuise kammersaalis), festivalist

  2. Chronic headache: the role of the psychologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholson, Robert A

    2010-02-01

    The role of the psychologist in chronic headache needs to be tailored to the patient's presentation. For some patients, psychological issues need to be directly addressed (eg, psychiatric comorbidity, difficulties coping with headache, significant problems with sleep and/or stress, medication overuse, and history of abuse). Other situations (eg, patients' beliefs about their readiness to change ability to actively manage headaches, medication adherence, and managing triggers) involve behavioral/psychological principles even when there is no direct contact with a psychologist. This article reviews the literature on the importance of psychological issues in headache management and provides suggestions for how to address behavioral and cognitive factors and their potential for improved headache care.

  3. Pavlov as a psychologist. A reappraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windholz, G

    1987-01-01

    American psychologists are informed on Pavlov's work on conditional reflexes but not on the full development of his theory of higher nervous activity. This article shows that Pavlov's theory of higher nervous activity dealt with concepts that concerned contemporary psychologists. Pavlov used the conditioning of the salivary reflex for methodological purposes. Pavlov's theory of higher nervous activity encompassed overt behavior, neural processes, and the conscious experience. The strong Darwinian element of Pavlov's theory, with its stress on the higher organisms' adaptation, is described. With regard to learning, Pavlov, at the end of his scholarly career, proposed that although all learning involves the formation of associations, the organism's adaptation to the environment is established through conditioning, but the accumulation of knowledge is established by trial and error.

  4. The activity model of legal psychologist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.V. Bogdanovich,

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available We propose an activity model of legal psychologist work. As a basis for the construction of the system of legal psychologist activity, we use trajectory of teenager living in the legal field. As the main activities within their respective specializations, we highlighted prevention, maintenance and rehabilitation. We define the main activities necessary for the development within the FGOSIII specialization 050407 “Pedagogy and Psychology of deviant behavior”: general and pathopsychologic diagnostics, development activity and psychological education, psycho-correction, psychological counseling. Accordingly, we define the types of psychological practices. We highlight the motivational and integrative practice (teaching introductory and trainee. We propose a system of training modules, ensuring the formation of the necessary competencies. The modules feature is their focus on practice (the association of training courses with the main types of psychological practice.

  5. Research contributions of counseling psychologists to neuropsychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, S J; Ryan, J J; Sumerall, S W

    1998-10-01

    Research productivity of counseling psychologists with credentials in clinical neuropsychology were examined. Eighteen were ABPP/ABCN Diplomates. Division 40 Fellows, or both. They published an average of 3.06 (SD= 4.82; range = 0 to 20) neuropsychologically relevant, first-authored articles over the past 5 years. When counseling psychologists were compared to a random sample of ABPP/ABCN diplomates with doctoral degrees in other areas of psychology, no reliable differences emerged between the groups in age, research productivity, or number of years between graduation and receipt of the ABPP/ABCN diploma. Research contributions of neuropsychologists with degrees in counseling psychology are comparable to those of ABPP/ABCN diplomates who were trained in other areas of psychology (e.g., clinical, developmental, and physiological).

  6. David Benjamin Sherry摄影展在纽约举办

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    2009年9月10日至10月17日.摄影家David Benjamin Sherry摄影作品展在纽约Bellwether画廊举办。“我发誓.这里还有天赐的极品.美到极致,根本无法用言语形容。”这是摄影师David Benjamin Sherry最大的感慨。

  7. Bereavement: a postgraduate training design for psychologists

    OpenAIRE

    Maricel Peña Villamar

    2015-01-01

    Background: death is a fact that impacts the lives of all human beings, so that it can neither be ignored nor distanced from its subsequent bereavement period, even if being wished. The grief reaction is one of the problems that most frequently demand the assistance of health staff, especially psychologists in all health care areas.Objective: to devise a system of activities that contributes to increase the psychologists’ knowledge about bereavement and its management.Methods: a multiple case...

  8. Questionable research practices among italian research psychologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agnoli, Franca; Wicherts, Jelte M; Veldkamp, Coosje L S; Albiero, Paolo; Cubelli, Roberto

    2017-01-01

    A survey in the United States revealed that an alarmingly large percentage of university psychologists admitted having used questionable research practices that can contaminate the research literature with false positive and biased findings. We conducted a replication of this study among Italian research psychologists to investigate whether these findings generalize to other countries. All the original materials were translated into Italian, and members of the Italian Association of Psychology were invited to participate via an online survey. The percentages of Italian psychologists who admitted to having used ten questionable research practices were similar to the results obtained in the United States although there were small but significant differences in self-admission rates for some QRPs. Nearly all researchers (88%) admitted using at least one of the practices, and researchers generally considered a practice possibly defensible if they admitted using it, but Italian researchers were much less likely than US researchers to consider a practice defensible. Participants' estimates of the percentage of researchers who have used these practices were greater than the self-admission rates, and participants estimated that researchers would be unlikely to admit it. In written responses, participants argued that some of these practices are not questionable and they have used some practices because reviewers and journals demand it. The similarity of results obtained in the United States, this study, and a related study conducted in Germany suggest that adoption of these practices is an international phenomenon and is likely due to systemic features of the international research and publication processes.

  9. Questionable research practices among italian research psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wicherts, Jelte M.; Veldkamp, Coosje L. S.; Albiero, Paolo; Cubelli, Roberto

    2017-01-01

    A survey in the United States revealed that an alarmingly large percentage of university psychologists admitted having used questionable research practices that can contaminate the research literature with false positive and biased findings. We conducted a replication of this study among Italian research psychologists to investigate whether these findings generalize to other countries. All the original materials were translated into Italian, and members of the Italian Association of Psychology were invited to participate via an online survey. The percentages of Italian psychologists who admitted to having used ten questionable research practices were similar to the results obtained in the United States although there were small but significant differences in self-admission rates for some QRPs. Nearly all researchers (88%) admitted using at least one of the practices, and researchers generally considered a practice possibly defensible if they admitted using it, but Italian researchers were much less likely than US researchers to consider a practice defensible. Participants’ estimates of the percentage of researchers who have used these practices were greater than the self-admission rates, and participants estimated that researchers would be unlikely to admit it. In written responses, participants argued that some of these practices are not questionable and they have used some practices because reviewers and journals demand it. The similarity of results obtained in the United States, this study, and a related study conducted in Germany suggest that adoption of these practices is an international phenomenon and is likely due to systemic features of the international research and publication processes. PMID:28296929

  10. Experiência da transitoriedade: Walter Benjamin e a modernidade de Baudelaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Gatti

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo examina a abordagem feita por Walter Benjamin da concepção de modernidade apresentada pelo poeta e crítico de arte Charles Baudelaire. Após o exame da ideia de beleza moderna nos textos de crítica de Baudelaire, são abordados os motivos da preferência de Benjamin pela apresentação da modernidade na poesia de Baudelaire, particularmente no poema alegórico "Le cygne". Por fim, o texto enfoca a relação entre a poesia moderna de Baudelaire e a concepção de experiência de Benjamin.The paper investigates the approach made by Walter Benjamin of Charles Baudelaire's conception of modernity. After examining the idea of modern beauty in Baudelaire's critical texts, the reasons of Benjamin's preference for the presentation of modernity in Baudelaire's poetry are analized, particularly, in the allegorical poem "Le cygne". At last, the paper focuses on the relation between Baudelaire's modern poetry and Benjamin's concept of experience.

  11. MERUNUT PEMAHAMAN TAKSONOMI BLOOM: SUATU KONTEMPLASI FILOSOFIS

    OpenAIRE

    Dominikus Tulasi

    2010-01-01

    This article would like to share the use of Bloom's taxonomy as a cognitive framework for teaching-learning process to undertake the way student-centered learning. Related to the curriculum based competence in excellent education, the abstract cognitive in applying Blooms taxonomy is so called scaffolding. We know the taxonomy Bloom is a six-level classification system that uses observed student behavior to infer and absorb the level of cognitive achievement domain. This article surveys think...

  12. Massive phytoplankton blooms under Arctic sea ice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arrigo, Kevin R; Perovich, Donald K; Pickart, Robert S; Brown, Zachary W; van Dijken, Gert L; Lowry, Kate E; Mills, Matthew M; Palmer, Molly A; Balch, William M; Bahr, Frank; Bates, Nicholas R; Benitez-Nelson, Claudia; Bowler, Bruce; Brownlee, Emily; Ehn, Jens K; Frey, Karen E; Garley, Rebecca; Laney, Samuel R; Lubelczyk, Laura; Mathis, Jeremy; Matsuoka, Atsushi; Mitchell, B Greg; Moore, G W K; Ortega-Retuerta, Eva; Pal, Sharmila; Polashenski, Chris M; Reynolds, Rick A; Schieber, Brian; Sosik, Heidi M; Stephens, Michael; Swift, James H

    2012-06-15

    Phytoplankton blooms over Arctic Ocean continental shelves are thought to be restricted to waters free of sea ice. Here, we document a massive phytoplankton bloom beneath fully consolidated pack ice far from the ice edge in the Chukchi Sea, where light transmission has increased in recent decades because of thinning ice cover and proliferation of melt ponds. The bloom was characterized by high diatom biomass and rates of growth and primary production. Evidence suggests that under-ice phytoplankton blooms may be more widespread over nutrient-rich Arctic continental shelves and that satellite-based estimates of annual primary production in these waters may be underestimated by up to 10-fold.

  13. Lessons from Benjamin Franklin's civic leadership: the Pennsylvania Hospital story.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, I

    1988-01-01

    John Gardner has recently suggested that in a pluralistic society like ours there are many competing groups, each with its own purpose. This leads to fragmentation and conflict as various social systems and institutions interact and collide. We have seen this in health care where competition has eroded traditional provider-insurer-purchaser alliances and, for example, the access problem has grown rapidly. Leaders in such an environment, Gardner (1988) argues, must become involve with building more "mutually workable arrangements with systems external to their own... Leaders unwilling to do so are not serving the long-germ interest of their own constituents... Under the circumstances, all our leader must spend part of their time building community, dealing with polarization, and creating loyalty to the larger venture." Methods for building community in turbulent times are offered by our first health care social entrepreneur, Benjamin Franklin. The following case study presents Franklin's leadership style and the three-phase process of seeking the civic unity that created Franklin's leadership style and the three-phase process of seeking the civic unity that created Pennsylvania Hospital, the nation;s first community hospital. The discussion concludes with a consideration of Franklin's civic leadership in light of five leadership roles suggested by Gardner.

  14. Walter Benjamin Confidente de Adorno e Horkheimer na Dialetica do Esclarecimento (Walter Benjamin, Confidant of Adorno and Horkheimer in the Dialectic of the Enlightenment).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pucci, Bruno

    2000-01-01

    Explains that Benjamin, Adorno, and Horkheimer developed philosophical and aesthetic experiences concerning topics of the moment based on similar presuppositions and ideas. Approaches two areas within the confidentiality shared by the interliniation of the Dialectic of the Enlightenment: critique of history as progress and education of the senses.…

  15. Massenmedien und Bildung: Eine padagogische Interpretation der Adorno-Benjamin-Kontroverse (Mass Media and Education: A Pedagogical Interpretation of the Controversy between Theodore Adorno and Walter Benjamin).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imai, Yasuo

    1997-01-01

    Gives a pedagogical interpretation of the controversy between Adorno (Theodore) and Benjamin (Walter). Sketches their different conceptions of what constitutes a pedagogical problem and discusses differences between their positions against the background of their shared concern, best described as "experiential poverty." (DSK)

  16. Algae Bloom in a Lake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Sanabria

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to determine the likelihood of an algae bloom in a particular lake located in upstate New York. The growth of algae in this lake is caused by a high concentration of phosphorous that diffuses to the surface of the lake. Our calculations, based on Fick's Law, are used to create a mathematical model of the driving force of diffusion for phosphorous. Empirical observations are also used to predict whether the concentration of phosphorous will diffuse to the surface of this lake within a specified time and under specified conditions.

  17. Bloom syndrome with lung involvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nair Girija

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a 24-year old male presented with cough and breathlessness with diabetes mellitus and diagnosed as a case of bloom syndrome. He was a product of consanguineous marriage, having short stature, dolicocephaly, polydactyly, prominent nose with telangiectasia face. The respiratory system examination revealed bilateral coarse crepitations and wheezes and the chest X-ray revealed emphysema with right middle zone inhomogenous opacity. Also, CT thorax examination revealed bilateral cystic bronchiectasis with bronchiolitis obliterans. Bloom′s syndrome was diagnosed on the basis of clinical features.

  18. Algal blooms and Membrane Based Desalination Technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Villacorte, L.O.

    2014-01-01

    Seawater desalination is rapidly growing in terms of installed capacity (~80 million m3/day in 2013), plant size and global application. An emerging threat to this technology is the seasonal proliferation of microscopic algae in seawater known as algal blooms. Such blooms have caused operational pro

  19. Bloom syndrome in an Indian child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inamadar, Arun C; Palit, Aparna

    2005-01-01

    A girl presented with severely stunted growth, photosensitivity, and a characteristic facies. Cytogenetic studies were suggestive of Bloom syndrome. This disorder has not been previously documented in the literature in an Indian child. Minor variations in characteristics in this patient have been highlighted. Cytogenetically, she was found to be a low sister chromatid exchange mosaicism of Bloom syndrome.

  20. Summer heatwaves promote blooms of harmful cyanobacteria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joehnk, K.D; Huisman, J.; Sharples, J.; Sommeijer, B.P.; Visser, P.M.; Stroom, J.M.

    2008-01-01

    Dense surface blooms of toxic cyanobacteria in eutrophic lakes may lead to mass mortalities of fish and birds, and provide a serious health threat for cattle, pets, and humans. It has been argued that global warming may increase the incidence of harmful algal blooms. Here, we report on a lake experi

  1. Algal blooms and Membrane Based Desalination Technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Villacorte, L.O.

    2014-01-01

    Seawater desalination is rapidly growing in terms of installed capacity (~80 million m3/day in 2013), plant size and global application. An emerging threat to this technology is the seasonal proliferation of microscopic algae in seawater known as algal blooms. Such blooms have caused operational pro

  2. Bloom's Idiosyncratic History of the University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawler, Peter Augustine

    1989-01-01

    Analyzes "The Idiosyncratic History of the University," a chapter in Allan Bloom's "The Closing of the American Mind". Focuses on Bloom's history of the university as explained through Socrates' philosophy. Concentrates on the role of philosophers in society past and present. Discusses the Enlightenment, Existentialism,…

  3. Civilian primary care prescribing psychologist in an army medical center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shearer, David S

    2012-12-01

    The present article discusses the integration of a civilian prescribing psychologist into a primary care clinic at Madigan Army Medical Center. A description of the role of the prescribing psychologist in this setting is provided. The author asserts that integrating prescribing psychology into primary care can improve patient access to skilled behavioral health services including psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacologic treatment. Potential benefits to the primary care providers (PCPs) working in primary care clinics are discussed. The importance of collaboration between the prescribing psychologist and PCP is emphasized. Initial feedback indicates that integration of a prescribing psychologist into primary care has been well received in this setting.

  4. 78 FR 73109 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Benjamin and Cisco, TX; De Beque, CO; Port Lions, AK; Rule and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-05

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Benjamin and Cisco, TX; De Beque, CO; Port Lions, AK... at De Beque, Colorado; Channel 237C3 at Benjamin, Texas; Channel 261C3 at Cisco, Texas; Channel 288C2..., Channel 237C3; by removing Cisco, Channel 261C3; by removing Channel 288C2 at Rule; and by...

  5. The Role of a School Psychologist in Concussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewandowski, Lawrence J.; Rieger, Brian

    2009-01-01

    School psychologists historically have received little training on topics such as mild traumatic brain injury or concussion, yet they could play a significant role in assessment, consultation, and intervention with students who have sustained a concussion. The purpose of this article is to educate school psychologists with regard to definition,…

  6. Preparing School Psychologists to Testify at Due Process Hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fineman, Carol A.

    Guidelines are presented for school psychologists in order to make their testimony at special education due process hearings as effective as possible. Recommendations are offered to prepare the school psychologist to: (1) accept the role of expert witness; (2) organize and review case materials; (3) state relevant rules, procedures, and criteria;…

  7. The Preparation of Educational Psychologists in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Shui-fong

    2014-01-01

    Modeled after the British system, school psychologists in Hong Kong are called educational psychologists. Hong Kong is the first location in Asia to have a recognized specialty vocation in educational psychology and a program for their professional preparation. The first program in Hong Kong, established by the University of Hong Kong in 1981…

  8. Online Video Gaming: What Should Educational Psychologists Know?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Based on a significant increase in correspondence to the author from parents, teachers and psychologists concerning "addiction" to online video games like "World of Warcraft", this paper provides a brief overview of the main issues surrounding excessive video game playing among adolescents. As an aid to educational psychologists, and based on two…

  9. The Preparation of Educational Psychologists in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Shui-fong

    2014-01-01

    Modeled after the British system, school psychologists in Hong Kong are called educational psychologists. Hong Kong is the first location in Asia to have a recognized specialty vocation in educational psychology and a program for their professional preparation. The first program in Hong Kong, established by the University of Hong Kong in 1981…

  10. School Psychologists Working with Children Affected by Abuse and Neglect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dezen, Kristin A.; Gurl, Aaron; Ping, Jenn

    2010-01-01

    School psychologists encounter children regularly who have been affected by abuse and neglect. Maltreatment adversely affects the mental health status and academic achievement of youth, thereby making the topic an area of concern for school psychologists. More recently, child protection laws have been expanded to include mandatory child abuse…

  11. Training for Tragedy: Critical Challenges for School Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeNisco, Alison

    2013-01-01

    School psychologists are often the first professionals to reach students with mental illness, and part of their role is to help identify threats that can lead to events such as the massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., which left 20 children and six adults dead, including school psychologist Mary Sherlach, who was one of the…

  12. Practice Guidelines regarding Psychologists' Involvement in Pharmacological Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The guidelines presented in this document are intended to provide a resource to psychologists interested in the issue of what represents optimal practice in relation to pharmacotherapy. They are not intended to apply to those psychologists who choose not to become directly or indirectly involved in medication management regardless of their level…

  13. Preparation of School/Educational Psychologists in Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negovan, Valeria; Dinca, Margareta

    2014-01-01

    This article focuses on the academic and professional training of educational/school psychologists in Romania. Their training mirrors the country's history, legal provisions, social qualities, and current professional status of psychologists and their specialization. Efforts to increase the quality of training for educational/school psychologists…

  14. Bilingual School Psychologists' Assessment Practices with English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Bryon, Elisabeth C.; Rogers, Margaret R.

    2010-01-01

    This study explored bilingual school psychologists' assessment practices with students identified as English language learners (ELL). One thousand bilingual National Association of School Psychologist members were recruited nationwide, and 276 participated. Among those conducting language proficiency assessments of ELLs, many (58%) use…

  15. Online Video Gaming: What Should Educational Psychologists Know?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Based on a significant increase in correspondence to the author from parents, teachers and psychologists concerning "addiction" to online video games like "World of Warcraft", this paper provides a brief overview of the main issues surrounding excessive video game playing among adolescents. As an aid to educational psychologists, and based on two…

  16. A School Psychologist's Self-Study Guide to Sport Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesyk, Jack J.

    2005-01-01

    School psychologists may find the field of sport psychology beneficial to them in extending their skills and effectiveness. As trained psychologists, they are likely to already have some of the knowledge and skills necessary for working in the area of sport psychology. However, without additional training, this may not be sufficient for ethical…

  17. Elementary School Psychologists and Response to Intervention (RTI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Suzanne; Marrs, Heath; Bogue, Heidi

    2017-01-01

    The implementation of Response to Intervention (RTI) in elementary schools may have important implications for school psychologists. Therefore, it is important to better understand how elementary school psychologists perceive RTI and what barriers to successful RTI implementation they identify. Although previous research has investigated the…

  18. The Vocational Personality of School Psychologists in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toomey, Kristine D.; Levinson, Edward M.; Morrison, Takea J.

    2008-01-01

    This study represents the first empirical test of the vocational personality of US school psychologists. Specifically, we investigated the personality of school psychologists using Holland's (1997) well-researched theory of vocational personalities and work environments. The sample consisted of 241 randomly selected members of the National…

  19. The Vocational Personality of School Psychologists in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toomey, Kristine D.; Levinson, Edward M.; Morrison, Takea J.

    2008-01-01

    This study represents the first empirical test of the vocational personality of US school psychologists. Specifically, we investigated the personality of school psychologists using Holland's (1997) well-researched theory of vocational personalities and work environments. The sample consisted of 241 randomly selected members of the National…

  20. What School Psychologists Can Do for Gifted Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shore, Bruce M.; Bramer, Dawn H. H.; French, Lisa R.; Assouline, Susan L. G.

    2006-01-01

    The term "twice exceptional" is used to describe gifted students who also have specific academic, behavioral, and social-emotional difficulties. This is a population of gifted students for whom the expertise and experience of school psychologists may be particularly relevant. This article discusses the ways in which school psychologists can help…

  1. L’esperienza estetica come esperienza di immagini. Walter Benjamin e Theodor W. Adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Tavani

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Both Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno consider ‘aesthetical experience’ as an “image experience” assuming a power of images “to set free forces” directed to produce or support aesthetical-political (Benjamin or aesthetical-critical (Adorno requirements. Profane illumination, ‘thinkimages’, phantasmagory, dialectical images, decayed ‘aura’ and technicalized images in Benjamin’s theory of aesthetical modernity. Expressive feature or “mimetic” eloquence in nature and art countering reality, dismantled ‘aura’ in contemporary desacralized work of art, but also persisting ‘aura’ in its meaningful dimension in Adorno’s aesthetical theory.

  2. Slovenian psychologists about the use of psychological tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušica Boben

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available The Committee for Psychological Tests of the Slovenian Psychological Association (SPA is participating actively in the work of the Task Force for Tests and Testing of the European Federation of Professional Psychological Associations (EFPPA. This task force developed the questionnaire on tests and testing for psychologists, members of the national associations in the European states, which are members of EFPPA. 321 psychologists answered the questionnaire in Slovenia. We have collected the opinions of psychologists about various topics regarding the use of psychological tests: knowledge and competence, legal standards and control, missuse and abuse of tests and testing, testing procedures and their limitations, significance of tests and testing etc. In addition, psychologists named three psychological tests they use most frequently. The respondents also provided useful commentaries on test use. In our study, Slovenian results are also compared with answers of psychologists in Great Britain, Spain, Croatia and Germany.

  3. The dilemma of the academic industrial psychologist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Orpen

    1977-11-01

    Full Text Available The university industrial psychologist is often faced with a conflict between his roles as an 'academic scientist' and as a 'professional technician'. It is argued that this problem of 'dual allegiance' can be resolved to a large extent if the industrial psychologist: (i reminds himself (and his students that industrial psychology is not a special discipline on its own, but is an integral part of psychology-in-general, (ii does not view his subject as just a mirror of professional practice, (iii has regard for his subject as a scientific discipline, and not just as a useful tool for management, and (iv convinces practitioners of the value of the subject in a variety of areas, ranging from testing to consumer behaviour.OpsommingDie bedryfsielkundige aan die universiteit kom dikwels te staan voor 'n konflik tussen sy rol as "akademiese wetenskaplike" en "professionele tegnikus". Dit word beweer dat hierdie probleem van "tweeledige verbondenheid" tot ‘n groot mate opgelos kan word as die bedryfsielkundige (en sy studente: (a dit in gedagte hou dat bedryfsielkunde nie wesentlik 'n onafhanklike dissipline is nie, maar 'n integrale deel van sielkunde-in-diealgemeen vorm, (b nie sy vak as slegs 'n weerspieëling van die professionele praktyk beskou nie, (c agting vir sy vak as 'n wetenskaplike dissipline het en nie net as 'n gerieflike werktuig vir bestuur beskou word nie, en (d die praktyk kan oortuig van die waarde van die vak in 'n verskeidenheid gebiede, wat strek van toetsing tot verbruikersgedrag.

  4. Listening to the sound of flower blooming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN; Wei-fang

    2015-01-01

    The most beautiful thing in our life is the first glance,and the most beautiful point of fireworks is its evanescent bloom.Thing’s beautiful is usually due to its evanescent exist.It might exist shortly but in our mind for a long time.As for me,the most beautiful thing is to listen to the sound of flower blooming.

  5. Algal blooms and Membrane Based Desalination Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Villacorte, L.O.

    2014-01-01

    Seawater desalination is rapidly growing in terms of installed capacity (~80 million m3/day in 2013), plant size and global application. An emerging threat to this technology is the seasonal proliferation of microscopic algae in seawater known as algal blooms. Such blooms have caused operational problems in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) plants due to clogging and poor effluent quality of the pre-treatment system which eventually forced the shutdown of the plant to avoid irreversible fouling...

  6. Algal blooms and Membrane Based Desalination Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Villacorte, L.O.

    2014-01-01

    Seawater desalination is rapidly growing in terms of installed capacity (~80 million m3/day in 2013), plant size and global application. An emerging threat to this technology is the seasonal proliferation of microscopic algae in seawater known as algal blooms. Such blooms have caused operational problems in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) plants due to clogging and poor effluent quality of the pre-treatment system which eventually forced the shutdown of the plant to avoid irreversible fouling...

  7. Bloom's taxonomy of cognitive learning objectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Nancy E

    2015-07-01

    Information professionals who train or instruct others can use Bloom's taxonomy to write learning objectives that describe the skills and abilities that they desire their learners to master and demonstrate. Bloom's taxonomy differentiates between cognitive skill levels and calls attention to learning objectives that require higher levels of cognitive skills and, therefore, lead to deeper learning and transfer of knowledge and skills to a greater variety of tasks and contexts.

  8. Bloom's Taxonomy and Training in Programming Style

    OpenAIRE

    Teodosi TEODOSIEV

    2013-01-01

    Report published in the Proceedings of the National Conference on "Education in the Information Society", Plovdiv, May, 2013 The presented work is using Bloom's taxonomy to set the goals of teaching programming. Here are shown the elements of programming style, in which you can teach novices. Elements of programming style are at different levels of Bloom's pyramid. Association for the Development of the Information Society, Institute of Mathematics and Informatics Bulgarian Academ...

  9. Rainfall-enhanced blooming in typhoon wakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Y.-C.; Oey, L.-Y.

    2016-08-01

    Strong phytoplankton blooming in tropical-cyclone (TC) wakes over the oligotrophic oceans potentially contributes to long-term changes in global biogeochemical cycles. Yet blooming has traditionally been discussed using anecdotal events and its biophysical mechanics remain poorly understood. Here we identify dominant blooming patterns using 16 years of ocean-color data in the wakes of 141 typhoons in western North Pacific. We observe right-side asymmetric blooming shortly after the storms, attributed previously to sub-mesoscale re-stratification, but thereafter a left-side asymmetry which coincides with the left-side preference in rainfall due to the large-scale wind shear. Biophysical model experiments and observations demonstrate that heavier rainfall freshens the near-surface water, leading to stronger stratification, decreased turbulence and enhanced blooming. Our results suggest that rainfall plays a previously unrecognized, critical role in TC-induced blooming, with potentially important implications for global biogeochemical cycles especially in view of the recent and projected increases in TC-intensity that harbingers stronger mixing and heavier rain under the storm.

  10. Mito e política: notas sobre o conceito de destino no "jovem" Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernani Chaves

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available O conceito de mito é uma das chaves para a compreensão do pensamento de Walter Benjamin. O objetivo deste texto é reconstituir a gênese deste conceito com base em suas primeiras formulações, tal como apresentadas em Destino e caráter, texto escrito em 1919. O presente artigo se divide em duas partes: na primeira, reconstituímos os argumentos de Benjamin, a partir da filiação do conceito de destino ao domínio de uma Teoria do Direito e sua necessária inserção em um modo de "temporalidade" definido pela "repetição"; a segunda parte pretende demonstrar que as posições de Benjamin estão estreitamente ligadas a uma posição também política: seu objetivo era, em nome de um anarquismo confesso, se contrapor a todos os "mitos" nacionalistas (que levaram a Alemanha à guerra e à necessidade de "líderes", "condutores" (Führer para o povo. Como exemplo dessa perspectiva política, nos baseamos na confrontação, sempre presente, de Benjamin com o Sionismo.

  11. Benjamin Franklin's Pictorial Representations of the British Colonies in America: A Study in Rhetorical Iconology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Lester C.

    1987-01-01

    Investigates the underlying reasons for the fundamental shift in Benjamin Franklin's portrayals of the British colonies in America. Explores the hypothesis that "Magna Britannia" was both a deliberative work directed toward the British Parliament and an apologetic work directed toward conservatives in the colonial public. Also discusses Franklin's…

  12. Benjamin Franklin's Commemorative Medal "Libertas Americana": A Study in Rhetorical Iconology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Lester C.

    1990-01-01

    Investigates the underlying rhetorical functions of how Benjamin Franklin used the medal to praise the national characters of France and the United States in those two countries, while he also used it to influence government policy in Malta and to vindicate himself from criticism in England. (KEH)

  13. Logic Sequence of the Approaches in Benjamin Franklin’s How I Taught Myself to Write

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭亮

    2013-01-01

    The best writing of Benjamin Franklin is founded in his own autobiography. This essay reveals the striking logic sequence of the approaches mentioned in the prose How I Taught Myself to Write from autobiography, and concludes the enlightenment for vast teachers when they lecture English writing.

  14. Educação e infância em alguns escritos de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Helena Schlesener

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho pretende refletir sobre alguns escritos de Walter Benjamin sobre educação e infância, expressos também na obra Infância em Berlim por volta de 1900. Benjamin coloca em questão a educação burguesa e suas práticas e reflete sobre o imaginário da criança. Relacionando percepção e conceito, Benjamin apresenta conceitos que inserem a educação no contexto da filosofia da historia. O artigo visa a acentuar a originalidade de um autor que, no contexto da sociedade europeia de 1920 até sua morte por suicídio em 1940, colocou relevantes questões sobre educação e sugeriu novos paradigmas de interpretação, conforme a afirmação de Benjamin, método de montagem, como um mosaico ou uma constelação.

  15. Verwantschap in Extremen : Politieke Theologie bij Walter Benjamin en Carl Schmitt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilde, de Marc

    2008-01-01

    De filosoof Walter Benjamin (1892-1940) en de jurist Carl Schmitt (1889-1985) behoren tot de eersten die de terugkeer van religie in moderne democratieën onder de aandacht brachten en onderwierpen aan een scherpe analyse. In de jaren twintig en dertig zouden zij een dialoog met elkaar zijn aangegaan

  16. Notes on Walter Benjamin´s concepts of narrative and experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagner de Avila Quevedo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The aim of this text is to explain some classical´s writings on Walter Benjamin´s concept of experience (Erfahrung as it is related to those of narrative (Erzählung and memory.

  17. Exhibiting or presenting? Politics, aesthetics and mysticism in Benjamin's and Deleuze's concepts of cinema

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Früchtl

    2010-01-01

    In his famous "work of art" essay, Walter Benjamin places politics at the centre of an aesthetics of modernity. He provides a brisk contrast between the romantic tradition of art philosophy and a politicisation of perception, receiving its training through the experience of the metropolis, in terms

  18. THEODOR WIESENGRUND ADORNO AND WALTER BENJAMIN: NOTES ON A FRAGMENTARY PHILOSOPHY OF FICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Martín Fragachán

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In the following pages I would like to try the quite tight interpretation that carries out Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno of the overflowing and complex philosophical work of Walter Benjamin. In order to do it I shall use the text titled Sobre Walter Benjamin, published by Cátedra, Madrid, 1995. In this book they are compiled both: some texts around the philosophical work of Benjamin and some of the letters directed by Adorno to his friend. Be worth to denote that several of the works are later to the death of Benjamín. Concretely, I shall refer, after to have analyzed the portrait of Benjamín made by Adorno, to the chapters named “Dirección única de Walter Benjamín”, “Sobre algunos motivos en Baudelaire” and “Sobre Franz Kafka. Con ocasión del décimo aniversario de su muerte”. To them I shall add few works written by the  own Benjamin that under similar titles have been published into his book Sobre el Programa de la Filosofía Futura y otros ensayos, Monte Avila, Caracas, 1970.

  19. Benjamin Moore, Science, and Medical Planning in Early Twentieth-Century Britain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Gordon S.

    2008-01-01

    Benjamin Moore (1867-1922), physiologist and biochemist, was an eminent member of the British scientific and medical community in the early twentieth century. As a founder and president of the State Medical Services Association (SMSA) from its establishment in 1912 until his untimely death in 1922, Moore was a prominent medical services activist…

  20. Critique of art : Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno on art criticism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lijster, Thijs Erik

    2012-01-01

    Kunstkritiek vervult een cruciale rol als medium tussen het kunstwerk en de maatschappelijke werkelijkheid. Dat concludeert promovendus Thijs Lijster. Daarbij moet kunstkritiek, in navolging van Walter Benjamin en Theodor Adorno, niet in de eerste plaats opgevat worden als het beoordelen van kunstwe

  1. The Appreciation of the Beauty in the Film:The Curious Case of Benjamin Button

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李家妍

    2014-01-01

    This paper appreciates the beauty in the film The Curious Case of Benjamin Buttonfrom three perspectives: technological beauty in visual ef-fects of the film; philosophical beauty in language, which is discussed in characters’monologues and dialogues in the film; and the eternal beauty of love, life and death.

  2. Seeing and Playing as Labor: Toward a Visual Materialist Pedagogy of Video Games through Walter Benjamin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulut, Ergin

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author draws specifically on the work of Walter Benjamin and engages with the world of video games by focusing on the constitution of labor as it unfolds in modding practices, as well as approaching the very act of seeing labor in a highly visual culture where value is extracted not just through the labor process but also…

  3. Virgil in French Romanticism: Paralell Novels of Benjamin Constant and Germaine de Staël

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burgersdijk, D.W.P.

    2014-01-01

    Two highlights of French Romanticism, Benjamin Constant’s Adolphe (first published in 1816) and Madame de Staël’s Corinne ou l’Italie (1802) have often been related to one another, regarding as well the personal relationships by which the authors were tied as the narratives’ contents. Both novels tr

  4. Georg Rasch and Benjamin Wright's Struggle with the Unidimensional Polytomous Model with Sufficient Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrich, David

    2016-01-01

    This article reproduces correspondence between Georg Rasch of The University of Copenhagen and Benjamin Wright of The University of Chicago in the period from January 1966 to July 1967. This correspondence reveals their struggle to operationalize a unidimensional measurement model with sufficient statistics for responses in a set of ordered…

  5. A method for constructing exact solutions and application to Benjamin Ono equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Zhen; Li De-Sheng; Lu Hui-Fang; Zhang Hong-Qing

    2005-01-01

    By using an improved projective Riccati equation method, this paper obtains several types of exact travelling wave solutions to the Benjamin Ono equation which include multiple soliton solutions, periodic soliton solutions and Weierstrass function solutions. Some of them are found for the first time. The method can be applied to other nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics.

  6. Pärt, Arvo. Fratres (version 1980). Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten / Guillaume Connesson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Connesson, Guillaume

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo. Fratres (version 1980). Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten. Summa. Spiegel im Spiegel. Festina lente. Tabula rasa: Tasmin Little (violon), Martin Roscoe (piano), Bournemouth Sinfonietta, Richard Studt" EMI Classics 565 031-2 (CD: 98 F). 1993. TT: 1h 03'42"

  7. Pärt, Arvo. Fratres (version 1980). Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten / Guillaume Connesson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Connesson, Guillaume

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo. Fratres (version 1980). Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten. Summa. Spiegel im Spiegel. Festina lente. Tabula rasa: Tasmin Little (violon), Martin Roscoe (piano), Bournemouth Sinfonietta, Richard Studt" EMI Classics 565 031-2 (CD: 98 F). 1993. TT: 1h 03'42"

  8. Critique of art : Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno on art criticism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lijster, Thijs Erik

    2012-01-01

    Kunstkritiek vervult een cruciale rol als medium tussen het kunstwerk en de maatschappelijke werkelijkheid. Dat concludeert promovendus Thijs Lijster. Daarbij moet kunstkritiek, in navolging van Walter Benjamin en Theodor Adorno, niet in de eerste plaats opgevat worden als het beoordelen van kunstwe

  9. Exhibiting or presenting? Politics, aesthetics and mysticism in Benjamin's and Deleuze's concepts of cinema

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Früchtl, J.

    2010-01-01

    In his famous "work of art" essay, Walter Benjamin places politics at the centre of an aesthetics of modernity. He provides a brisk contrast between the romantic tradition of art philosophy and a politicisation of perception, receiving its training through the experience of the metropolis, in terms

  10. APOSTILLE: NOTES SUPPLÉMENTAIRES AU CHANTIER DE 1997 SUR WALTER BENJAMIN.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Lamy

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Résumé : Cette apostille propose un supplément à l'appareil critique greffé à la traduction en français de Die Aufgabe des Übertsetsers qu'Alexis Nouss et moi-même avions présentée en 1997. J'apporte certains correctifs à notre traduction initiale. J'ai aussi sélectionné des termes qui agissent comme des révélateurs de la trame conceptuelle qui court en filigrane de cet essai : par exemple, l'usage de l'adverbe intensiv ou encore la notion d'ingenium. Enfin, je consacre un assez ample développement à l'importance que revêt, pour bien saisir la stratégie narrative mise en place dans le prologue de Benjamin, l'usage de métaphores d'extraction kabbalistique, qui l'inscrivent de plain-pied dans la tradition mystique juive. Je m'oppose sur ce point au traitement plutôt laxiste qu'Antoine Berman a accordé à cette dimension, qu'il juge négligeable ou anecdotique, alors qu'elle constitue la clef de voûte de la métaphysique du langage élaborée par Benjamin. Mots clé : Walter Benjamin, retraduction, métaphores, métaphysique du langage. APOSTILLA: NOTAS SUPLEMENTARIAS AL TRABAJO DE 1997 SOBRE WALTER BENJAMIN Resumen: Estas apostillas proporcionan un suplemento al aparato crítico incluido en la traducción francesa de Die Aufgabe des Übertsetsers, que Alexis Nouss y yo presentamos en 1997. Hice algunos ajustes en nuestra traducción inicial. También seleccioné términos que actúan como reveladores de la trama conceptual que atraviesa en filigrana este ensayo. Por ejemplo, el uso del adverbiointensiv o la noción de ingenium. Por último, he dedicado un amplio desarrollo a la importancia que comporta, -para entender bien la estrategia narrativa puesta en funcionamiento en el prólogo de Benjamín-, el uso de metáforas de origen cabalístico que inscriben claramente el texto en la tradición mística judía. No estoy de acuerdo en este punto con el tratamiento bastante laxo que Antoine Berman ha dado a este aspecto, que

  11. Análise crítica do desempenho evolutivo da visão subnormal no Instituto Benjamin Constant Critical analysis of the progressive performance of low vision in Benjamin Constant Institute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Alves da Costa Filho

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a efetividade do setor de Visão Subnormal no Instituto Benjamin Constant (IBC e comprovar a real necessidade de um Instituto nos moldes do Instituto Benjamin Constant na atual política de inclusão. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico, realizado de 1º de outubro de 1990 a 20 de dezembro de 2002, analisando três períodos de atendimento no setor de Visão Subnormal no Instituto Benjamin Constant: a 1991 - início do atendimento; b 1995 - integração médico-pedagógica; c 2002 - estágio atual. Nesta análise foram estudados os seguintes indicadores: I - número de atendimentos no setor de Visão Subnormal; II - condições do setor de Visão Subnormal no Instituto Benjamin Constant e III - associados. RESULTADOS: Observou-se aumento do atendimento, que passou a ser mais abrangente após a integração médico-pedagógica. Outros indicadores, como a capacitação de profissionais médicos, a participação em cursos de capacitação no Instituto Benjamin Constant, o aumento do número de convênios e encaminhamentos para o Instituto Benjamin Constant, além da Reabilitação, também confirmam a efetividade do setor de Visão Subnormal no Instituto Benjamin Constant. CONCLUSÕES: O setor de Visão Subnormal mostrou ser a interface entre o serviço médico e o serviço pedagógico, passando a interagir posteriormente com a Reabilitação e a Coordenação de Educação Física. Isto acarretou mudança de postura de diferentes setores do Instituto Benjamin Constant com relação ao paciente portador de visão subnormal, desde o educando até o paciente da comunidade. Desse modo, o Instituto Benjamin Constant mostrou a sua utilidade no tocante à política de inclusão.PURPOSE: To evaluate effectiveness of the Low Vision the Benjamin Constant Institute (BCI and confirm the real necessity of an Institute like BCI in the present inclusion policy. METHODS: Ecological study, analyzing 3 periods of Low Vision Assistance at the Benjamin

  12. Biology in Bloom: Implementing Bloom's Taxonomy to Enhance Student Learning in Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowe, Alison; Dirks, Clarissa; Wenderoth, Mary Pat

    2008-01-01

    We developed the Blooming Biology Tool (BBT), an assessment tool based on Bloom's Taxonomy, to assist science faculty in better aligning their assessments with their teaching activities and to help students enhance their study skills and metacognition. The work presented here shows how assessment tools, such as the BBT, can be used to guide and…

  13. Elipses y parábolas de la experiencia. La obra de Franz Kafka según Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Roldán, Daniel

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Kafka’s work is defined by Benjamin as encompassing both sides of the notion of experience; mystical tradition and the experience of modernity. This essay looks at that idea, and explores the historical, social and intellectual relationships between both authors.Walter Benjamin define la obra de Franz Kafka como una elipse cuyos focos son la experiencia de la tradición mística y la experiencia de la modernidad. En el siguiente ensayo se dilucida esta interpretación de Benjamin y se exploran las correspondencias históricas, sociales e intelectuales existentes entre ambos autores.

  14. Cyanobacteria blooms produce teratogenic retinoic acids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xiaoqin; Jiang, Jieqiong; Wan, Yi; Giesy, John P; Hu, Jianying

    2012-06-12

    Deformed amphibians have been observed in eutrophic habitats, and some clues point to the retinoic acids (RAs) or RA mimics. However, RAs are generally thought of as vertebrate-specific hormones, and there was no evidence that RAs exist in cyanobacteria or algae blooms. By analyzing RAs and their analogs 4-oxo-RAs in natural cyanobacteria blooms and cultures of cyanobacteria and algae, we showed that cyanobacteria blooms could produce RAs, which were powerful animal teratogens. Intracellular RAs and 4-oxo-RAs with concentrations between 0.4 and 4.2 × 10(2) ng/L were detected in all bloom materials, and extracellular concentrations measured in water from Taihu Lake, China, were as great as 2.0 × 10 ng/L, which might pose a risk to wildlife through chronic exposure. Further examination of 39 cyanobacteria and algae species revealed that 32 species could produce RAs and 4-oxo-RAs (1.6-1.4 × 10(3) ng/g dry weight), and the dominant cyanobacteria species in Taihu Lake, Microcystis flos-aquae and Microcystis aeruginosa, produced high amounts of RAs and 4-oxo-RAs with concentrations of 1.4 × 10(3) and 3.7 × 10(2) ng/g dry weight, respectively. Most genera of cyanobacteria that could produce RAs and 4-oxo-RAs, such as Microcystis, Anabaena, and Aphanizomenon, often occur dominantly in blooms. Production of RAs and 4-oxo-RAs by cyanobacteria was associated with species, origin location, and growth stage. These results represent a conclusive demonstration of endogenous production of RAs in freshwater cyanobacteria blooms. The observation of teratogenic RAs in cyanobacteria is evolutionarily and ecologically significant because RAs are vertebrate-specific hormones, and cyanobacteria form extensive and highly visible blooms in many aquatic ecosystems.

  15. Evolving Expectations for Personality Traits in Counselling Psychologist in Training

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bakare Aveez Oluwatoyin

    2016-01-01

    ... of a counsellor's personality characteristics has been linked to effective outcome. In view of these, this paper examines evolvement of expectations for personality traits among the counselling psychologist-in training...

  16. Sources Informing Undergraduate College Student Perceptions of Psychologists

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    McDonald, Dana N; Wantz, Richard A; Firmin, Michael W

    2014-01-01

    ... psychologists from other HSPs.We surveyed 259 students enrolled in a general psychology class at a selective private comprehensive university in the Midwest in order to determine the sources that inform their perceptions...

  17. Biomass decay rates and tissue nutrient loss in bloom and non-bloom-forming macroalgal species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conover, Jessie; Green, Lindsay A.; Thornber, Carol S.

    2016-09-01

    Macroalgal blooms occur in shallow, low-wave energy environments and are generally dominated by fast-growing ephemeral macroalgae. When macroalgal mats undergo senescence and decompose they can cause oxygen depletion and release nutrients into the surrounding water. There are relatively few studies that examine macroalgal decomposition rates in areas impacted by macroalgal blooms. Understanding the rate of macroalgal bloom decomposition is essential to understanding the impacts of macroalgal blooms following senescence. Here, we examined the biomass, organic content, nitrogen decay rates and δ15N values for five macroalgal species (the bloom-forming Agardhiella subulata, Gracilaria vermiculophylla, Ulva compressa, and Ulva rigida and the non-bloom-forming Fucus vesiculosus) in Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, U.S.A. using a litterbag design. Bloom-forming macroalgae had similar biomass decay rates (0.34-0.51 k d-1) and decayed significantly faster than non-bloom-forming macroalgae (0.09 k d-1). Biomass decay rates also varied temporally, with a significant positive correlation between biomass decay rate and water temperature for U. rigida. Tissue organic content decreased over time in all species, although A. subulata and G. vermiculophylla displayed significantly higher rates of organic content decay than U. compressa, U. rigida, and F. vesiculosus. Agardhiella subulata had a significantly higher rate of tissue nitrogen decay (0.35 k d-1) than all other species. By contrast, only the δ15N of F. vesiculosus changed significantly over the decay period. Overall, our results indicate that bloom-forming macroalgal species decay more rapidly than non-bloom-forming species.

  18. 20 CFR 30.402 - What are the special rules for the services of clinical psychologists?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of clinical psychologists? 30.402 Section 30.402 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION... rules for the services of clinical psychologists? A clinical psychologist may serve as a physician within the scope of his or her practice as defined by state law. Therefore, a clinical psychologist...

  19. 20 CFR 10.312 - What are the special rules for the services of clinical psychologists?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of clinical psychologists? 10.312 Section 10.312 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION... § 10.312 What are the special rules for the services of clinical psychologists? A clinical psychologist.... Therefore, a clinical psychologist may not serve as a physician for conditions that include a...

  20. 42 CFR 405.2450 - Clinical psychologist and clinical social worker services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Clinical psychologist and clinical social worker... § 405.2450 Clinical psychologist and clinical social worker services. (a) For clinical psychologist or...) Of a type that the clinical psychologist or clinical social worker who furnishes the services...

  1. Phytoplankton Bloom Phenology near Palmer Station Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crews, L.; Doney, S. C.; Kavanaugh, M.; Ducklow, H. W.; Schofield, O.; Glover, D. M.

    2015-12-01

    West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) phytoplankton bloom phenology is coupled to growing season water column stratification precipitated by seasonal warming and the melting of winter sea-ice. Previous studies document declining bloom magnitude over decadal timescales in conjunction with decreasing sea-ice extent and duration in the Northern WAP, but less work has been to done explain the observed inter-annual variability in this region. Here we use a high-resolution in situ time series collected by the Palmer Station Antarctica Long Term Ecological Research program and satellite ocean color imagery to investigate the underlying mechanisms controlling phytoplankton bloom timing and magnitude near Palmer Station. We pair chlorophyll and CTD measurements collected twice per week during the austral summer, 1992—2003, with satellite ocean color and ice fractional cover data to examine bloom development and within-season trends in mixed layer depth. Initial results suggest a possible shift over time with spring/summer blooms occurring earlier in the growing season reflecting earlier sea-ice free conditions. Net phytoplankton accumulation rates are also computed and compared against growth estimates. Our results can be used to develop and validate models of coastal Antarctic primary production that better represent inter-annual primary production variability.

  2. Obituary: Benjamin Franklin Peery Jr. (1922-2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowley, Charles

    2011-12-01

    Professor Benjamin F. Peery, Jr. died at his home in Silver Spring, MD of natural causes on 30 November 2010. His full life began in St. Joseph, MO (home of the Pony Express) on 4 March 1922. His father was a railway mail clerk, so his family moved frequently. Most of his childhood was spent in southeastern Minnesota. He enlisted in the army in 1942, and served in campaigns in North Africa and Italy. After his discharge in 1945, he enrolled in the University of Minnesota, earning a BS in Physics in 1949. One of his early hobbies was to build and fly model airplanes. His intention to pursue aeronautical engineering changed to physics, but after receiving a MS in physics from Fisk University in 1955, he decided on a career in astronomy. He told the editors of the PBS series The Astronomers (1991, in which his career is highlighted) he thought it was shamefully absurd not to know what made the stars shine. So he began PhD studies in astronomy at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor). His dissertation was on the complex eclipsing binary VV Cephei, where a compact hot star passes behind a cool giant star, revealing the structure of that giant's atmosphere. This task was especially demanding because of the complexity of the system's spectrum and the formidable array of observations assembled by Ben's advisor, Dean McLaughlin. Fortunately, Ben's strong physics background enabled him to design and construct one of the first oscilloscope measuring engines, which his fellow students called the PeeryScope. The final (1961) dissertation is an impressive combination of observational and astrophysical analysis. His degree was obtained in 1962; he had already begun a career at the University of Indiana, where he taught and did research (1959--1976). The Indiana years were highly productive. In addition to his own research, he was advisor on six PhD dissertations, and a master's thesis. Several of his students have also had productive careers. An ADS search on his students' names

  3. Fases da história da fotografia e a questão da aura, segundo Walter Benjamin

    OpenAIRE

    Orlando José Ribeiro de Oliveira; Marília Flores Seixas de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    This article addresses the periods in the history of photography proposed by Walter Benjamin in his essay A Short History of Photography, and discusses the transformation suffered by the work of art in modern times, under ther concept of aura. The periodization established by Benjamin - heydey, decline, revival - is illustrated with works from photographers referred to by the author in his text, which amis to achieve a “real understanting of the essence of the photographic art.” Este artig...

  4. Recruitment of bloom-forming cyanobacteria and its driving factors

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-12-29

    Dec 29, 2008 ... Gao (2005) proposed a hypothesis that a series of processes which were .... mainly peaked in a given time of year before blooms onset. In addition .... Nuisance phytoplankton blooms in coastal, estuaries, and inland waters.

  5. AN OVERVIEW ON BLOOM'S REVISED TAKSONOMY

    OpenAIRE

    TUTKUN, Ömer Faruk

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the main purpose is to present the main frame of revised version in 2001 of Bloom's taxonomy that has been accepted extensively in our country since 1956 as well as around the world. In accordance with this purpose, in the study, answers have been searched to these questions: 1- The rise of the original Bloom's taxonomy and what are the key features of? 2- What are the reasons for renewal of original taxonomy? 3- What kind of arrangements has been made in revised taxonomy? 4- W...

  6. An Initial Study of a Method for Instructing Educators about the Revised Taxonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sultana, Farzana

    2010-01-01

    A taxonomy of learning objectives generally refers to a schema to classify the levels of learning. In 1956, Benjamin Bloom, with a group of educational psychologists, created a taxonomy for classifying educational objectives using six major categories of thinking skills: (a) knowledge (recalling information), (b) comprehension, (understanding the…

  7. Contemporary roles of the pediatric psychologist in diabetes care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kichler, Jessica C; Harris, Michael A; Weissberg-Benchell, Jill

    2015-01-01

    Important stakeholders, including the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the International Society of Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD), recognize the need for psychologists to be an integral part of diabetes care. This review paper aims to provide a comprehensive examination of pediatric psychologists' roles in working with children and adolescents with diabetes, including during distinct phases of treatment (e.g., diagnosis, outpatient diabetes clinic visits, inpatient hospitalizations, and outpatient psychology visits) and with different modalities of psychological interventions (e.g., screening, individual, family, and group therapy). In addition, the role of the psychologist in diabetes care within various settings (e.g., private practice, academic medical centers, and community organizations) will be explored. Finally, this paper will outline other roles in which psychologists contribute to diabetes-specific efforts (e.g., translational research, program development in transition to adult care, advocacy for health care reform initiatives, health care billing/reimbursement, and alternative methods to psychosocial care delivery) as well as future directions for working with children and adolescents with diabetes. Pediatric psychologists have multiple professional roles in a wide variety of settings; however, there is more that can be done in the future to fully utilize pediatric psychologists in diabetes care for children and adolescents, such as embedding psychologists into integrated clinic visits where families receive comprehensive medical and psychological services to support overall health and well-being. Therefore, there is a need for increased advocacy to obtain even more pediatric psychology engagement in diabetes care to provide new clinical services and develop more translational research.

  8. Coastal engineering and Harmful Algal Blooms along Alexandria coast, Egypt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amany A. Ismael

    2014-01-01

    The phytoplankton composition and its standing crop became totally different during the two periods. The most important bloom was caused by Micromonas pusilla forming a heavy green tide accompanied by a bloom of Peridinium quinquecorne. Although there were no fish or invertebrate mortality, this bloom caused economic losses to internal tourism. In the absence of any Environmental Assessment, the coastal engineering works increased the harmful algal blooms in Alexandria coastal waters, even after corrective steps were taken to mitigate the harmful effects.

  9. Da bambini intorno al Millenovecento. Frammenti d’infanzia nelle riflessioni di Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Lazzarini

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The text aims at analyzing the complex and refined anthropology of childhood that takes shape in the pages of Walter Benjamin. This anthropology of childhood is deeply rooted in his memories of child “around 1900” and is patiently reconstructed from the picture books, from the games and the vintage toys, from the images and the characters that fill fantastic stories and fairy tales, from domestic and family rituals, from the world of objects and atmospheres of the bourgeois intérieur, Above all, this anthropology brings to light images. These images have a peculiar feature, a distinctive sign: they seem brought together by the idea and the experience of the threshold, a crucial figure in the epistemology of Benjamin.

  10. Sul Baudelaire di Walter Benjamin Dalla teoria della traduzione alla sociologia della letteratura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea D'Urso

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available I vivaci studi italiani degli scritti di Benjamin sulla poesia di Baudelaire (editi da Solmi nel 1962 hanno spesso trascurato l’importanza di allargare la propria prospettiva all’edizione francese del 1974 (Payot, contenente tre importanti saggi noti in Germania dalla fine degli anni ’60. Poiché tali testi sono stati finalmente tradotti in italiano solo nel 2006 (Einaudi e ripubblicati nel 2012 in un’edizione più articolata (Neri Pozza, ci proponiamo di rilanciare un nostro studio a partire dalla versione italiana, per mostrare come essi gettino le basi della sociologia materialista della letteratura di Benjamin, ancora insufficientemente esplorata. Formatasi proprio muovendo dalla pratica traduttiva dei Quadri parigini, essa ha analizzato il ruolo della bohème, del flâneur e della modernità nell’eroismo lirico di Baudelaire all’apogeo del capitalismo.

  11. A psychologist's view of validating aviation systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Earl S.; Wagner, Dan

    1994-01-01

    All systems, no matter what they are designed to do, have shortcomings that may make them less productive than was hoped during the initial development. Such shortcomings can arise at any stage of development: from conception to the end of the implementation life cycle. While systems failure and errors of a lesser magnitude can occur as a function of mechanical or software breakdown, the majority of such problems, in aviation are usually laid on the shoulders of the human operator and, to a lesser extent, on human factors. The operator bears the responsibility and blame even though, from a human factors perspective, error may have been designed into the system. Human factors is not a new concept in aviation. The name may be new, but the issues related to operators in the loop date back to the industrial revolution of the nineteenth century and certainly to the aviation build-up for World War I. During this first global confrontation, military services from all sides discovered rather quickly that poor selection and training led to drastically increased personnel losses. While hardware design became an issue later, the early efforts were primarily focused on increased care in pilot selection and on their training. This actually involved early labor-intensive simulation, using such devices as sticks and chairs mounted on rope networks which could be manually moved in response to control input. The use of selection criteria and improved training led to more viable person-machine systems. More pilots survived training and their first ten missions in the air, a rule of thumb arrived at by experience which predicted ultimate survival better than any other. This rule was to hold through World War II. At that time, personnel selection and training became very sophisticated based on previous standards. Also, many psychologists were drafted into Army Air Corps programs which were geared towards refining the human factor. However, despite the talent involved in these programs

  12. Electrotherapy for melancholia: the pioneering contributions of Benjamin Franklin and Giovanni Aldini.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolwig, Tom G; Fink, Max

    2009-03-01

    The electrical induction of seizures with a therapeutic aim began in 1938, but the history of electric currents to relieve mental illness began 2 centuries earlier with the pioneering work of the Italian Giovanni Aldini and the American Benjamin Franklin.These early experiments are described demonstrating that the electrical force encouraged hopeful applications. This history emphasizes the unique contribution in the induction of grand mal seizures as the therapeutic basis rather than the role of electricity alone.

  13. On the local well-posedness of a Benjamin-Ono-Boussinesq system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruying Xue

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Consider a Benjamin-Ono-Boussinesq system ηt+ux+auxxx+(uηx=0,ut+ηx+uux+cηxxx−duxxt=0, where a, c, and d are constants satisfying a=c>0, d>0 or a0. We prove that this system is locally well posed in Sobolev space Hs(ℝ×Hs+1(ℝ, with s>1/4.

  14. A New Method for Constructing Travelling Wave Solutions to the modified Benjamin-Bona-Mahoney Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jun-Mao; ZHANG Miao; ZHANG Wen-Liang; ZHANG Rui; HAN Jia-Hua

    2008-01-01

    We present a new method to find the exact travelling wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations, with the aid of the symbolic computation. Based on this method, we successfully solve the modified Benjamin-Bona-Mahoney equation, and obtain some new solutions which can be expressed by trigonometric functions and hyperbolic functions. It is shown that the proposed method is direct, effective and can be used for many other nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics.

  15. Per una critica dell'immaginario pop: da Benjamin a Baudrillard e ritorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanni Codeluppi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In the last decades, critical analysis renounced to attack the pop imaginary. This article sustain that it’s possible reactivate this analysis if we consider the works of some scholars from the past. Therefore, this essay analyze the works of Benjamin, McLuhan, Barthes, Eco, but also those of the Birmingham School and of the cultural studies. Above all, analyze in deep the work of Jean Baudrillard.

  16. Per una critica dell'immaginario pop: da Benjamin a Baudrillard e ritorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanni Codeluppi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last decades, critical analysis renounced to attack the pop imaginary. This article sustain that it’s possible reactivate this analysis if we consider the works of some scholars from the past. Therefore, this essay analyze the works of Benjamin, McLuhan, Barthes, Eco, but also those of the Birmingham School and of the cultural studies. Above all, analyze in deep the work of Jean Baudrillard.

  17. Traveling Wave Solutions of the Benjamin-Bona-Mahony Water Wave Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. R. Seadawy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The modeling of unidirectional propagation of long water waves in dispersive media is presented. The Korteweg-de Vries (KdV and Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (BBM equations are derived from water waves models. New traveling solutions of the KdV and BBM equations are obtained by implementing the extended direct algebraic and extended sech-tanh methods. The stability of the obtained traveling solutions is analyzed and discussed.

  18. Electrotherapy for melancholia: the pioneering contributions of Benjamin Franklin and Giovanni Aldini

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolwig, Tom G; Fink, Max

    2009-01-01

    The electrical induction of seizures with a therapeutic aim began in 1938, but the history of electric currents to relieve mental illness began 2 centuries earlier with the pioneering work of the Italian Giovanni Aldini and the American Benjamin Franklin.These early experiments are described...... demonstrating that the electrical force encouraged hopeful applications. This history emphasizes the unique contribution in the induction of grand mal seizures as the therapeutic basis rather than the role of electricity alone....

  19. Recensión a Crítica a la violencia de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Javier Ordoñez Etxeverria

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Inicialmente, Benjamin busca dónde encontrar la violencia que desea someter a crítica. Y la encuentra en el derecho: la relación fundamental y más elemental de todo ordenamiento jurídico es la de fin y medio; y la violencia, para comenzar, sólo puede ser buscada en el reino de los medios y no en el de los fines.

  20. Avi Benjamin vahetas labajalavaltseri sünagoogimuusika vastu / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Juuditemaatikat käsitlevatest filmidest : Steven Spielbergi mängufilm "München" ("Munich"), Ameerika Ühendriigid 2005; dokumentaalfilm "Su nimi olgu Iisrael", režissöör Peeter Brambat, Adel TV 2004, Maiju Ingmani muusikaline portreefilm "Tagasitulek koju" Eesti päritolu Iisraeli heliloojast ja pianistist Avi Nedzvetskist (Iisraelis tuntud kui Avi Benjamin), Adel TV, 2007. Kahe viimase filmi käsikiri Irina Stelmachilt

  1. Avi Benjamin vahetas labajalavaltseri sünagoogimuusika vastu / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Juuditemaatikat käsitlevatest filmidest : Steven Spielbergi mängufilm "München" ("Munich"), Ameerika Ühendriigid 2005; dokumentaalfilm "Su nimi olgu Iisrael", režissöör Peeter Brambat, Adel TV 2004, Maiju Ingmani muusikaline portreefilm "Tagasitulek koju" Eesti päritolu Iisraeli heliloojast ja pianistist Avi Nedzvetskist (Iisraelis tuntud kui Avi Benjamin), Adel TV, 2007. Kahe viimase filmi käsikiri Irina Stelmachilt

  2. Algal blooms: a perspective from the coasts of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    DeSilva, M.S.; Anil, A.C.; Naik, R.K.; DeCosta, P.M.

    Algal blooms have been documented along the west and east coasts of India. A review of bloom occurrences in Indian waters from 1908 to 2009 points out that a total of 101 cases have been reported. A comparison of the bloom cases reported before...

  3. How to Read (With Benjamin: From Cultural History of Materialism to Materialist History of Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Healy

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Footprint 18 investigates the following issues: what Benjamin understands by the ‘constellation of awakening’, how he conceptualises ‘dialectical images’, his deployment of montage, his refusal of a conception of either progress or decline, and his undertaking to show that the images belong not only to a particular time but attain legibility only at a particular time. Famously, according to Benjamin, image is that wherein what has been comes together in a flash with the now to form a constellation. With regard to the architectural theory Benjamin engaged directly with the tectonic tradition, especially the work of Bötticher. He posited the tectonic unconscious and the deployment of optical instruments as crucial for understanding the development which architecture carried from the luxus capitalist forms of commodity. In light of technical innovations in iron and glass, it expressed a form of projective dream work of the architectural around material realisations as products of the industrial revolution, with long consequences for the future.

  4. A experiência urbana nos comentários de Benjamin aos poemas de Brecht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Gatti

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda os comentários de Walter Benjamin aos poemas do ciclo "Manual para habitantes das cidades" de Bertolt Brecht, a fim de discutir a especificidade da lírica brechtiana no quadro mais geral da reflexão de Benjamin sobre a lírica urbana moderna. Benjamin retoma duas questões decisivas à constituição da obra de Brecht: a sobriedade da linguagem e o ensinamento como forma de transmissão da experiência urbana e política. Esse vínculo entre experiência e transmissão não se reduz à instrução de condições de sobrevivência na cidade grande, mas se constitui, sobretudo, no aprendizado de uma postura crítica perante a cidade. Enquanto a comunicação entre indivíduos isolados é precária e a organização política aproxima-se da ilegalidade, os poemas almejam a constituição de um vínculo entre "eu" e "tu" por meio da reflexão poética da experiência urbana.

  5. "Enhanced" interrogation of detainees: do psychologists and psychiatrists participate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpern, Abraham L; Halpern, John H; Doherty, Sean B

    2008-09-25

    After revelations of participation by psychiatrists and psychologists in interrogation of prisoners at Guantánamo Bay and Central Intelligence Agency secret detention centers, the American Psychiatric Association and the American Psychological Association adopted Position Statements absolutely prohibiting their members from participating in torture under any and all circumstances, and, to a limited degree, forbidding involvement in interrogations. Some interrogations utilize very aggressive techniques determined to be torture by many nations and organizations throughout the world. This paper explains why psychiatrists and psychologists involved in coercive interrogations violate the Geneva Conventions and the laws of the United States. Whether done with ignorance of professional ethical obligations or not, these psychiatrists and psychologists have crossed an ethical barrier that may best be averted from re-occurring by teaching medical students and residents in all medical specialties about the ethics principles stemming from the 1946-1947 Nuremberg trials and the Geneva Conventions, together with the Ethics Codes of the World Medical Association and the American Medical Association; and, with regard to psychiatric residents and psychological trainees, by the teaching about The Principles of Medical Ethics With Annotations Especially Applicable to Psychiatry and the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, respectively. In this way, all physicians and psychologists will clearly understand that they have an absolute moral obligation to "First, do no harm" to the human beings they professionally encounter.

  6. The work of a clinical psychologist in primary care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, M

    1978-11-01

    The data presented suggest that general practitioners would be likely to refer a large number of patients with diverse problems to clinical psychologists working in health centres. Compared with a centrally organized clinical psychology service, the work of the primary care psychologist is likely to offer the following advantages:1. Access to psychological help for patients with a need for such help, but who could not attend a central clinic owing to problems associated with travel, work, physical disability, or even a presenting problem such as agoraphobia.2. Greater continuity of care of patients.3. Increased communication between the psychologist and members of the primary care teams.4. Possibility of the psychologist seeing the patient earlier, before the problems have become entrenched.5. Less need for referral to other agencies.6. Reduced stigma for the patient.7. Development of new therapeutic approaches relevant to problems presenting in primary care.8. More flexible and more relevant therapy due to seeing the patients in their home setting.9. Greater therapeutic involvement of the patient's family.10. Reduced costs and inconvenience for the patient's family.11. Reduced administrative and ambulance service costs.While these points do not overcome the need for a formal evaluation of the work of psychologists in primary care, they do suggest that there are advantages in this type of service over the services which are currently available and that a full evaluation would be worth undertaking.

  7. "Enhanced" interrogation of detainees: do psychologists and psychiatrists participate?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halpern John H

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract After revelations of participation by psychiatrists and psychologists in interrogation of prisoners at Guantánamo Bay and Central Intelligence Agency secret detention centers, the American Psychiatric Association and the American Psychological Association adopted Position Statements absolutely prohibiting their members from participating in torture under any and all circumstances, and, to a limited degree, forbidding involvement in interrogations. Some interrogations utilize very aggressive techniques determined to be torture by many nations and organizations throughout the world. This paper explains why psychiatrists and psychologists involved in coercive interrogations violate the Geneva Conventions and the laws of the United States. Whether done with ignorance of professional ethical obligations or not, these psychiatrists and psychologists have crossed an ethical barrier that may best be averted from re-occurring by teaching medical students and residents in all medical specialties about the ethics principles stemming from the 1946–1947 Nuremberg trials and the Geneva Conventions, together with the Ethics Codes of the World Medical Association and the American Medical Association; and, with regard to psychiatric residents and psychological trainees, by the teaching about The Principles of Medical Ethics With Annotations Especially Applicable to Psychiatry and the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, respectively. In this way, all physicians and psychologists will clearly understand that they have an absolute moral obligation to "First, do no harm" to the human beings they professionally encounter.

  8. MERUNUT PEMAHAMAN TAKSONOMI BLOOM: SUATU KONTEMPLASI FILOSOFIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominikus Tulasi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This article would like to share the use of Bloom's taxonomy as a cognitive framework for teaching-learning process to undertake the way student-centered learning. Related to the curriculum based competence in excellent education, the abstract cognitive in applying Blooms taxonomy is so called scaffolding. We know the taxonomy Bloom is a six-level classification system that uses observed student behavior to infer and absorb the level of cognitive achievement domain. This article surveys thinking within general education and management education, which uses and draws on Bloom's taxonomy, and then describes suggested uses of the taxonomy. The empirical evaluation of its effect on student achievement follows, as do thoughts about ways colleagues might use this tool to empower and motivate students as self-responsible learners in the classroom. The objective is to promote higher order thinking in college students, we understood an effort to learn how to assess critical-thinking skills in an introductory course. It means, we develop a process by which questions are prepared with both content and critical-thinking skills in mind.

  9. Spring bloom onset in the Nordic Seas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mignot, Alexandre; Ferrari, Raffaele; Mork, Kjell Arne

    2016-06-01

    The North Atlantic spring bloom is a massive annual growth event of marine phytoplankton, tiny free-floating algae that form the base of the ocean's food web and generates a large fraction of the global primary production of organic matter. The conditions that trigger the onset of the spring bloom in the Nordic Seas, at the northern edge of the North Atlantic, are studied using in situ data from six bio-optical floats released north of the Arctic Circle. It is often assumed that spring blooms start as soon as phytoplankton cells daily irradiance is sufficiently abundant that division rates exceed losses. The bio-optical float data instead suggest the tantalizing hypothesis that Nordic Seas blooms start when the photoperiod, the number of daily light hours experienced by phytoplankton, exceeds a critical value, independently of division rates. The photoperiod trigger may have developed at high latitudes where photosynthesis is impossible during polar nights and phytoplankton enters into a dormant stage in winter. While the first accumulation of biomass recorded by the bio-optical floats is consistent with the photoperiod hypothesis, it is possible that some biomass accumulation started before the critical photoperiod but at levels too low to be detected by the fluorometers. More precise observations are needed to test the photoperiod hypothesis.

  10. Harmful cyanobacterial blooms: causes, consequences, and controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paerl, Hans W; Otten, Timothy G

    2013-05-01

    Cyanobacteria are the Earth's oldest oxygenic photoautotrophs and have had major impacts on shaping its biosphere. Their long evolutionary history (≈ 3.5 by) has enabled them to adapt to geochemical and climatic changes, and more recently anthropogenic modifications of aquatic environments, including nutrient over-enrichment (eutrophication), water diversions, withdrawals, and salinization. Many cyanobacterial genera exhibit optimal growth rates and bloom potentials at relatively high water temperatures; hence global warming plays a key role in their expansion and persistence. Bloom-forming cyanobacterial taxa can be harmful from environmental, organismal, and human health perspectives by outcompeting beneficial phytoplankton, depleting oxygen upon bloom senescence, and producing a variety of toxic secondary metabolites (e.g., cyanotoxins). How environmental factors impact cyanotoxin production is the subject of ongoing research, but nutrient (N, P and trace metals) supply rates, light, temperature, oxidative stressors, interactions with other biota (bacteria, viruses and animal grazers), and most likely, the combined effects of these factors are all involved. Accordingly, strategies aimed at controlling and mitigating harmful blooms have focused on manipulating these dynamic factors. The applicability and feasibility of various controls and management approaches is discussed for natural waters and drinking water supplies. Strategies based on physical, chemical, and biological manipulations of specific factors show promise; however, a key underlying approach that should be considered in almost all instances is nutrient (both N and P) input reductions; which have been shown to effectively reduce cyanobacterial biomass, and therefore limit health risks and frequencies of hypoxic events.

  11. In the Cells of the 'Bloom Taxonomy'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calder, J. R.

    1983-01-01

    The Bloom Taxonomy of Educational Objectives is criticized because its distinctions between cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains are invalid; its categories are ill-defined and do not denote homogenous types of objectives; its structural base is inconsistent; and it is debatable whether it is a true taxonomy. (IS)

  12. Biology in Bloom: Implementing Bloom's Taxonomy to Enhance Student Learning in Biology

    OpenAIRE

    Crowe, Alison; Dirks, Clarissa; Wenderoth, Mary Pat

    2008-01-01

    We developed the Blooming Biology Tool (BBT), an assessment tool based on Bloom's Taxonomy, to assist science faculty in better aligning their assessments with their teaching activities and to help students enhance their study skills and metacognition. The work presented here shows how assessment tools, such as the BBT, can be used to guide and enhance teaching and student learning in a discipline-specific manner in postsecondary education. The BBT was first designed and extensively tested fo...

  13. Subsurface phytoplankton blooms fuel pelagic production in the North Sea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richardson, Kathrine; Visser, Andre; Pedersen, Flemming

    2000-01-01

    convincingly that energy fixed during the spring bloom is fueling the pelagic production occurring during summer months. We argue here that periodic phytoplankton blooms are occurring during the summer in the North Sea at depths of >25 m and that the accumulated new production [sensu (Dugdale and Goering......, Limnol. Oceanogr., 12, 196-206, 1967)] occurring in these blooms may be greater than that occurring in the spring bloom in the same regions. Thus, such blooms may explain apparent discrepancies in production yields between different temperate marine systems...

  14. Psychologists abandon the Nuremberg ethic: concerns for detainee interrogations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, Kenneth S; Gutheil, Thomas G

    2009-01-01

    In the aftermath of 9-11, the American Psychological Association, one of the largest U.S. health professions, changed its ethics code so that it now runs counter to the Nuremberg Ethic. This historic post-9-11 change allows psychologists to set aside their ethical responsibilities whenever they are in irreconcilable conflict with military orders, governmental regulations, national and local laws, and other forms of governing legal authority. This article discusses the history, wording, rationale, and implications of the ethical standard that U.S. psychologists adopted 7 years ago, particularly in light of concerns over health care professionals' involvement in detainee interrogations and the controversy over psychologists' prominent involvement in settings like the Guantánamo Bay Detainment Camp and the Abu Ghraib prison. It discusses possible approaches to the complex dilemmas arising when ethical responsibilities conflict with laws, regulations, or other governing legal authority.

  15. The cinema and Walter Benjamin: a discontinuous experience of life Cinema e Walter Benjamin: para uma vivência da descontinuidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cássio dos Santos Tomaim

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is an initiative of presenting some elements of Walter Benjamin’s reflections about cinema, and, according to the author, it is an art that give the answers for the modern man perceptive longings, to whom any experience was denied. The cinema, “the work of art in the era of its technical reproduction”, is ultimately for the author the mark of a new perception, of a new relationship between public and the work of art: the collective perception. What the crowd searches is not the contemplation or the withdrawal in front of a work of art, but entertainment. The cinema insists on this characteristic of entertaining when it reproduces the benjaminian concept of “shock experience”, through successive exhibitions of its fragments and constantly interrupting the association of the spectators ideas, (reaffirming the character of amusement of the modern art. However, for the author, the cinema dialectically responds to the amusement as an appropriate instrument for a pedagogy of the crowds – through an emancipated art, the masses would also become emancipated. Keywords: Cine. Walter Benjamin. ‘The shock experience’. Modernity. Este artigo é uma iniciativa de destacar alguns elementos a respeito das reflexões de Walter Benjamin sobre o cinema, uma arte que, segundo o próprio autor, responde aos anseios perceptivos do homem moderno, àquele para o qual foi negada qualquer experiência. O cinema, “a obra de arte na era de sua reprodutibilidade técnica”, por excelência, é, para o autor, o marco de uma nova percepção, de uma nova relação entre público e obra de arte: a percepção coletiva. O que a multidão busca não é a contemplação ou o recolhimento diante da obra de arte, mas a sua distração. Fato que o cinema, ao reproduzir em sua forma o conceito benjaminiano de “experiência do choque”, por meio das sucessivas exposições de seus fragmentos, interrompendo constantemente a associação de id

  16. Wind-driven marine phytoplank blooms: Satellite observation and analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, DanLing

    2016-07-01

    Algal bloom is defined as a rapid increase or accumulation in biomass in an aquatic system. It not only can increase the primary production but also could result in negative ecological consequence, e.g.,Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs). According to the classic theory for the formation of algal blooms "critical depth" and "eutrophication", oligotrophic sea area is usually difficult to form a large area of algal blooms, and actuallythe traditional observation is only sporadic capture to the existence of algal blooms.Taking full advantage of multiple data of satellite remote sensing , this study introduces "Wind-driven algal blooms in open oceans: observation and mechanisms" It explained except classic coastal Ekman transport, the wind through a variety of mechanisms affecting the formation of algal blooms. Proposed a conceptual model of "Strong wind -upwelling-nutrient-phytoplankton blooms" in Western South China Sea (SCS) to assess role of wind-induced advection transport in phytoplankton bloom formation. It illustrates the nutrient resources that support long-term offshore phytoplankton blooms in the western SCS; (2)Proposal of the theory that "typhoons cause vertical mixing, induce phytoplankton blooms", and quantify their important contribution to marine primary production; Proposal a new ecological index for typhoon. Proposed remote sensing inversion models. (3)Finding of the spatial and temporaldistributions pattern of harmful algal bloom (HAB)and species variations of HAB in the South Yellow Sea and East China Sea, and in the Pearl River estuary, and their oceanic dynamic mechanisms related with monsoon; The project developed new techniques and generated new knowledge, which significantly improved understanding of the formation mechanisms of algal blooms. The proposed "wind-pump" mechanism integrates theoretical system combined "ocean dynamics, development of algal blooms, and impact on primary production", which will benefit fisheries management. These

  17. Siderophores: The special ingredient to cyanobacterial blooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Xue; Creed, Irena; Trick, Charles

    2013-04-01

    Freshwater lakes provide a number of significant ecological services including clean drinking water, habitat for aquatic biota, and economic benefits. The provision of these ecological services, as well as the health of these aquatic systems, is threatened by the excessive growth of algae, specifically, cyanobacteria. Historically, blooms have been linked to eutrophication but recent occurrences indicate that there are less dramatic changes that induce these blooms. Iron is an essential micronutrient required for specific essential metabolic pathways; however, the amount of biologically available iron in naturally occurring lake ranges from saturation to much lower than cell transport affinities. To assist in the modulation of iron availabilities, cyanobacteria in culture produce low molecular weight compounds that function in an iron binding and acquisition system; nevertheless, this has yet to be confirmed in naturally occurring lakes. This project explored the relationship of P, N and in particular, Fe, in the promotion of cyanobacteria harmful algal blooms in 30 natural freshwater lakes located in and around the Elk Island National Park, Alberta. It is hypothesized that cyanobacteria produce and utilize iron chelators called siderophores in low Fe and nitrogen (N) conditions, creating a competitive advantage over other algae in freshwater lakes. Lakes were selected to represent a range of iron availability to explore the nutrient composition of lakes that propagated cyanobacteria harmful algal blooms (cHABs) compared to lakes that did not. Lake water was analyzed for nutrients, microbial composition, siderophore concentration, and toxin concentration. Modifications were made to optimize the Czaky and Arnow tests for hydroxamate- and catecholate-type siderophores, respectively, for field conditions. Preliminary results indicate the presence of iron-binding ligands (0.11-2.34 mg/L) in freshwater lakes characterized by widely ranging Fe regimes (0.04-2.74 mg

  18. Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Describes the American Psychological Association's Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, focusing on introduction and applicability; preamble; general principles; and ethical standards (resolving ethical issues, competence, human relations, privacy and confidentiality, advertising and other public statements, record keeping and…

  19. Stereotype Threat and Test Performance: A Primer for School Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Alexander H.; Lovett, Benjamin J.

    2007-01-01

    Ethical guidelines require school psychologists to ensure that their assessment practices are nondiscriminatory, but typical discussions on this topic neglect the possible discriminatory effects of cultural stereotypes on assessment results. Recent research on "stereotype threat" shows that students' knowledge of stereotype-based negative…

  20. Ethically Challenging Situations Reported by School Psychologists: Implications for Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dailor, A. Nichole; Jacob, Susan

    2011-01-01

    Practitioner-members of the National Association of School Psychologists (N = 208) completed questionnaires regarding their ethics training, preparedness, the types of ethical transgressions and dilemmas encountered in the previous year, and the strategies used to solve problems. Respondents who received multilevel training in ethics (ethics…

  1. Changing Conceptualization of the Role of Educational Psychologists in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kit, Phey Ling; Garces-Bacsal, Rhoda Myra; Burgetova, Kristina

    2016-01-01

    Psychology is a young discipline in Singapore. Hence, perceptions of the roles and responsibilities of an educational psychologist (EP) are still constantly being negotiated and redefined. This qualitative study examined how role negotiations and redefinitions could be actively facilitated through an experiential and intensive two-day Basic…

  2. The Educational Journey of a Latina Feminist Community Psychologist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzman, Bianca

    2012-01-01

    This narrative describes how my educational journey led me to become a Latina feminist community psychologist. My experiences as a Central American woman living in the United States has made me deeply committed to feminist community values and the importance of social justice. Throughout the journey, I connect how immigration status, culture, and…

  3. School Psychologists' Management of Administrative Pressure to Practice Unethically

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boccio, Dana E.; Weisz, Gaston; Lefkowitz, Rebecca

    2016-01-01

    In their role as child advocates, school psychologists strive to promote policies and practices that increase the availability of necessary academic and mental health services and enhance the well-being of children. However, administrative pressure to disregard ethical and legal mandates in favor of decisions that would prioritize the needs of the…

  4. Do First and Later Borns Agree with Psychologists?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Diane

    Research has found firstborns to be more ambitious, rule-oriented, authority-oriented, helpful, and responsible, and less oriented toward peers, their own needs, social activities, and group cooperation than are laterborns. To explore whether those occupying different birth order positions perceive themselves as psychologists have described them,…

  5. School Psychologists' Experiences with Teacher-to-Student Mistreatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyles, Sharon R. Brown

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative, transcendental, phenomenological study was to describe school psychologists' experiences with teacher-to-student mistreatment in the Pre-Kindergarten through Grade 12 educational setting. There are few United States studies presented in the literature on the topic of teacher-to-student mistreatment and its…

  6. Training, Degrees, and Credentials in the Hiring of School Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'donnell, Patrick S.; Dunlap, Linda L.

    2014-01-01

    A national sample of 246 Directors of Pupil Personnel Services and Directors of Special Education were surveyed to assess the importance they place on training, degrees, and credentials in the hiring of school psychologists. High, but varying, levels of importance were found for the content knowledge and skill areas in the National Association of…

  7. School Psychologists' Family-School Partnering Experiences with Latinos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega, Desireé; Lasser, Jon; Fernandez, Sarah E.

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this phenomenological study was to identify the beliefs, perceptions, and actions of school psychologists toward family-school partnering (FSP) with Latino families in the public school system. Existing research in this area is extremely limited; therefore, the present study has significant implications for pre- and in-service…

  8. Global Migration: The Need for Culturally Competent School Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega, Desireé; Lasser, Jon; Plotts, Cynthia

    2015-01-01

    Never before have more children lived away from their home countries. Given the unique social, emotional, and academic needs of children who have migrated, school psychologists must be well prepared to meet these growing demands. Consequently, school psychology training programs must invest in the preparation of culturally competent future school…

  9. Child Maltreatment Identification and Reporting Behavior of School Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lusk, Victoria L.; Zibulsky, Jamie; Viezel, Kathleen

    2015-01-01

    A majority of substantiated maltreatment reports are made by educators and thus, teacher knowledge of child maltreatment reporting mandates and reporting behavior has been a focus of research. The knowledge and behavior of school psychologists, however, has not received similar attention. This study investigated the child maltreatment reporting…

  10. Teaching Leadership: Most Any Psychologist Can Do It

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riggio, Ronald E.

    2015-01-01

    The past two decades have seen a growing interest in college courses on leadership in a variety of academic disciplines. The study of leadership has a long history, much of it based on psychology. As a result, psychologists are well informed and quite capable of teaching leadership courses. In this article, I discuss core theories of leadership,…

  11. Mistaken Evaluation: The School Psychologist or the Case Law?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2012-01-01

    Given their pivotal position, school psychologists have understandable concerns about the possibility of becoming the target of the relatively frequent legal proceedings under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Indeed, the threat of litigation can contribute to a flight from the profession (Lange, 2011). Yet, an informal…

  12. Mistaken Evaluation: The School Psychologist or the Case Law?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2012-01-01

    Given their pivotal position, school psychologists have understandable concerns about the possibility of becoming the target of the relatively frequent legal proceedings under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Indeed, the threat of litigation can contribute to a flight from the profession (Lange, 2011). Yet, an informal…

  13. Educational Psychologists' Constructions of Sexuality and the Implications for Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, Chloe

    2012-01-01

    Despite an underlying inclusion agenda, sexuality equality remains a low priority in education. Review of literature suggests the marginalization of sexual minority young people (SMYP) in schools. This study explores educational psychologists' (EPs') constructions of sexuality and the implications for practice. Discursive psychology was used to…

  14. Primary Care Psychologists in the Netherlands: 30 Years of Experience

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Derksen, J.J.L.

    2009-01-01

    The primary care psychologist (PCP) in the Netherlands has 30 years of experience. The PCP is a generalist who, in close cooperation with the family physician and other providers of primary health care, has a mindset and manner of working that is largely determined by the context in which the PCP

  15. Teaching Leadership: Most Any Psychologist Can Do It

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riggio, Ronald E.

    2015-01-01

    The past two decades have seen a growing interest in college courses on leadership in a variety of academic disciplines. The study of leadership has a long history, much of it based on psychology. As a result, psychologists are well informed and quite capable of teaching leadership courses. In this article, I discuss core theories of leadership,…

  16. Gesell: The First School Psychologist. Part II. Practice and Significance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagan, Thomas K.

    1987-01-01

    This article describes what is known of Arnold L. Gesell's position in Connecticut between 1914-1919, including conditions of employment and responsibilities. While some questions remain unanswered regarding Gesell's acquisition of the title "school psychologist," it is concluded that he was the first U.S. practitioner to hold that title.…

  17. Children and Natural Disasters: A Primer for School Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Linda; Oehler-Stinnett, Judy

    2006-01-01

    Worldwide children are impacted by natural disasters, including hurricanes, floods, tornadoes, earthquakes, wildfires, landslides and sandstorms, winter and severe storms, heat waves, volcanoes and tsunamis. School psychologists should understand natural disaster effects, such as economic loss, relocation and health concerns and mental health…

  18. Human Resource Planning: Challenges for Industrial/Organizational Psychologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Susan E.; Schuler, Randall S.

    1990-01-01

    Describes activities that industrial/organizational psychologists engage in as they seek to improve the competitiveness of organizations through effective human resource planning. Presents a model for describing human resource short-term, intermediate-term, and long-term planning. (JS)

  19. Primary Care Psychologists in the Netherlands: 30 Years of Experience

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Derksen, J.J.L.

    2009-01-01

    The primary care psychologist (PCP) in the Netherlands has 30 years of experience. The PCP is a generalist who, in close cooperation with the family physician and other providers of primary health care, has a mindset and manner of working that is largely determined by the context in which the PCP wo

  20. What Counseling Psychologists Can Do to Help Returning Veterans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danish, Steven J.; Antonides, Bradley J.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe the needs of service members and their families who have fought or are fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan and who have sustained psychological and/or physical injuries and how counseling psychologists can help. The focus is twofold: (a) to help the reader better understand those who have served and how what…

  1. Identifying Students with Emotional Disturbance: School Psychologists' Practices and Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanchon, Timothy A.; Allen, Ryan A.

    2013-01-01

    From its inception as a disability category in the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, serving students under the special education category Emotional Disturbance (ED) has been a challenging task for school psychologists. In particular, the vague and ambiguous federal definition has created an environment in which inconsistent assessment…

  2. School Psychologists' Perceptions of Stakeholder Engagement in Response to Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Suzanne

    2013-01-01

    As Response to Intervention (RTI) continues to be implemented in schools, it is important to consider how this initiative is perceived by the educational professionals involved in the implementation and effectiveness of the process. This study utilized a survey intended to investigate the perceptions of school psychologists regarding their…

  3. The Role of School Psychologists in Child Protection and Safeguarding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, Kevin; Bond, Caroline; Tyldesley, Kath; Farrell, Peter; Humphrey, Neil

    2011-01-01

    Child protection and safeguarding are important aspects of work for all professionals working with children. The current article outlines the international context of school psychologists' work in relation to child protection and safeguarding and describes the United Kingdom context in more detail. Given the relatively recent broadening of the UK…

  4. A Comparison of Two Measures of School Psychologists' Job Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Michael B.; Hardison, Ashley; Bolen, Larry M.; Walcott, Christy M.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to establish the concurrent and construct validity of the Job Satisfaction Scales (JSS) and a modified version of the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) using a sample of practicing school psychologists. Strong internal consistency was determined within each of the job satisfaction instruments. Correlations…

  5. Letters to a Young Psychologist: An Invitation to Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Israel, Tania

    2012-01-01

    In this response to the major contribution, "Voices of Early Career Psychologists in the Society of Counseling Psychology," the past president of the Society of Counseling Psychology (SCP) expresses appreciation, describes aspects of her early career experience in light of the survey findings in the major contribution, offers reflections…

  6. Educational Psychologists' Report-Writing: Acts of Justice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attard, Sunaina; Mercieca, Daniela; Mercieca, Duncan P.

    2016-01-01

    One of the major tasks of educational psychologists is the writing of reports. Often, all involvement, assessment and intervention culminate in the production of a report. This paper explores critically the tensions involved in writing reports which are closed down in their conformity to requirements of different bodies, while looking for…

  7. Classroom Behaviour Management: Educational Psychologists' Views on Effective Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Robert

    2010-01-01

    The behaviour of children and young people in schools is a perennial concern to educators and the wider public alike. It also represents a significant focus for the work of educational psychologists (EPs). Research evidence has identified a number of strategies that teachers, students and school inspectors believe contribute to effective classroom…

  8. Albert Sidney Beckham: The First African American School Psychologist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, Scott L., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    Albert Sidney Beckham was the first African American to hold the title school psychologist. This article examines the life and professional career of Beckham in the context of his contributions to the field of school psychology. It explores his graduate education, the founding of Howard University's Psychological Laboratory and his research and…

  9. School Psychologists' Management of Administrative Pressure to Practice Unethically

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boccio, Dana E.; Weisz, Gaston; Lefkowitz, Rebecca

    2016-01-01

    In their role as child advocates, school psychologists strive to promote policies and practices that increase the availability of necessary academic and mental health services and enhance the well-being of children. However, administrative pressure to disregard ethical and legal mandates in favor of decisions that would prioritize the needs of the…

  10. Is Bloom's Taxonomy Appropriate for Computer Science?

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Colin G.; Fuller, Ursula

    2007-01-01

    Bloom's taxonomy attempts to provide a set of levels of cognitive engagement with material being learned. It is usually presented as a generic framework. In this paper we outline some studies which examine whether the taxonomy is appropriate for computing, and how its application in computing might differ from its application elsewhere. We place this in the context of ongoing debates concerning graduateness and attempts to benchmark the content of a computing degree.

  11. Benjamin Rush and John Minson Galt, II. Pioneers of bibliotherapy in America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weimerskirch, P J

    1965-10-01

    The history of bibliotherapy in America goes back at least to the early part of the nineteenth century. Benjamin Rush was one of the first Americans to recommend the use of bibliotherapy; John Minson Galt, II, was the first American to write an article on the subject. Reading was considered one of the best therapeutic measures in treating mental patients, and by the middle of the nineteenth century every major mental hospital had a patients' library; many were quite extensive. Newspapers and periodicals were supplied in great numbers, and the works of Sir Walter Scott enjoyed great popularity.

  12. Rememoração e citação em Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georg Otte

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available Análise de dois conceitos-chave na obra de Walter Benjamin, a rememoração e a citação, e de suas implicações para a relação entre história e texto. A história enquanto texto (narrativa e o texto em sua história. Questionamento dos conceitos da originalidade e da influência, também no contexto do colonialismo.

  13. Draw the lightning down Benjamin Franklin and electrical technology in the age of enlightenment

    CERN Document Server

    Schiffer, Michael Brian; Bell, Carrie L

    2006-01-01

    Most of us know--at least we've heard--that Benjamin Franklin conducted some kind of electrical experiment with a kite. What few of us realize--and what this book makes powerfully clear--is that Franklin played a major role in laying the foundations of modern electrical science and technology. This fast-paced book, rich with historical details and anecdotes, brings to life Franklin, the large international network of scientists and inventors in which he played a key role, and their amazing inventions. We learn what these early electrical devices--from lights and motors to musical and medical i

  14. Solitary and Jacobi elliptic wave solutions of the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belobo, Didier Belobo; Das, Tapas

    2017-07-01

    Exact bright, dark, antikink solitary waves and Jacobi elliptic function solutions of the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation with arbitrary power-law nonlinearity will be constructed in this work. The method used to carry out the integration is the F-expansion method. Solutions obtained have fractional and integer negative or positive power-law nonlinearities. These solutions have many free parameters such that they may be used to simulate many experimental situations, and to precisely control the dynamics of the system.

  15. Investigation of the maximum amplitude increase from the Benjamin-Feir instability

    CERN Document Server

    Karjanto, N; Peterson, P

    2011-01-01

    The Nonlinear Schr\\"odinger (NLS) equation is used to model surface waves in wave tanks of hydrodynamic laboratories. Analysis of the linearized NLS equation shows that its harmonic solutions with a small amplitude modulation have a tendency to grow exponentially due to the so-called Benjamin-Feir instability. To investigate this growth in detail, we relate the linearized solution of the NLS equation to a fully nonlinear, exact solution, called soliton on finite background. As a result, we find that in the range of instability the maximum amplitude increase is finite and can be at most three times the initial amplitude.

  16. The sons of Caim: the race of outcasts and disinherited in Walter Benjamin and Charles Baudelaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo André Ferreira Martins

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to develop a reflection essay about the philosophical and literary representation concerning the marginalized and oppressed in history, inside the works of Charles Baudelaire and Walter Benjamin. This is to ascertain and analyze how these two authors, from their respective works, allowed the proletariat gradually took the shape of an object and productive character for social and lyrical reflection, thus, in the wake of works as Flowers of Evil, the assumption of themes drawn from a tradition historically long, connected, in turn, by the recent historiographical perspective from below.

  17. Sinc and solitary wave solutions to the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony-Burgers equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alqruan, Marwan; Al-Khaled, Kamel, E-mail: marwan04@just.edu.jo, E-mail: kamel@just.edu.jo [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110 (Jordan)

    2011-06-01

    In this paper, we consider the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony-Burgers (BBMB) equations. A variety of exact solutions to the BBMB equations are developed by means of the tanh method. A sinc-Galerkin procedure is also developed to solve the BBMB equations. Sinc approximations to both the derivatives and the indefinite integrals reduce the system to an explicit system of algebraic equations. It is shown that sinc-Galerkin approximations produce an error of exponential order. A comparison of the two methods for solving the BBMB equation was made regarding their solutions. The study outlines the features of the sinc method.

  18. Walter Benjamin y los pasajes de París: el abordaje metodológico

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Hiernaux-Nicolas

    1999-01-01

    Walter Benjamin (1892-1940) ha sido uno de los investigadores más creativos de su generación, además de lo difícil que resulta ubicarlo en una línea, debido a la vastedad, intensidad y variedad de una obra que sólo llegó entera al público gracias a la recopilación de las Gesammelte Schriften, realizada por Rolf Tiedemann durante los años sesenta y setenta. Si bien en la actualidad existe una moda benjaminiana, falta mucho por analizar, entre otros aspectos, lo referente a los textos o citas d...

  19. Brecht e Benjamin: peça de aprendizagem e ordenamento experimental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanne-Marie Gagnebin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma breve definição das condições de possibilidade do “Lehrstück” (peça de aprendizagem brechtiano, são apresentados os conceitos de exercício (“Übung”, de ordenamento experimental (“Versuchsanordnung” e de espaço de jogo (“Spielraum” na teoria do teatro épico de Walter Benjamin, conceitos essenciais para sua tentativa de reformulação de uma estética materialista contemporânea.

  20. La Bella Durmiente y el motivo del despertar de la juventud en el Walter Benjamin temprano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariela Silvana Vargas

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la imagen del despertar como ‘despertar de la juventud’ en La Bella Durmiente (1911, el primer texto teórico de Benjamin y mostrar que esta figura no está exenta de una profunda ambigüedad y de contradicciones propias de su ‘metafísica de la juventud’. La juventud, como el sujeto capaz de llevar a cabo transformaciones sociales radicales debe ser, como la Bella Durmiente, despertada por otro. Esta paradójica pasividad marcaría el destino del Jugendbewegung.

  1. Improved decay rates for solutions for a multidimensional generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation

    KAUST Repository

    Said-Houari, Belkacem

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we study the decay rates of solutions for the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation in multi-dimensional space. For initial data in some L1-weighted spaces, we prove faster decay rates of the solutions. More precisely, using the Fourier transform and the energy method, we show the global existence and the convergence rates of the solutions under the smallness assumption on the initial data and we give better decay rates of the solutions. This result improves early works in J. Differential Equations 158(2) (1999), 314-340 and Nonlinear Anal. 75(7) (2012), 3385-3392. © 2014-IOS Press.

  2. The scattering transform for the Benjamin-Ono equation in the small-dispersion limit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Peter D.; Wetzel, Alfredo N.

    2016-10-01

    Using exact formulae for the scattering data of the Benjamin-Ono equation valid for general rational potentials recently obtained in Miller and Wetzel [17], we rigorously analyze the scattering data in the small-dispersion limit. In particular, we deduce precise asymptotic formulae for the reflection coefficient, the location of the eigenvalues and their density, and the asymptotic dependence of the phase constant (associated with each eigenvalue) on the eigenvalue itself. Our results give direct confirmation of conjectures in the literature that have been partly justified by means of inverse scattering, and they also provide new details not previously reported in the literature.

  3. Advocating for School Psychologists in Response to the APA's Proposed "Model Act for State Licensure of Psychologists"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skalski, Anastasia Kalamaros

    2009-01-01

    On March 6, 2009, the APA Model Licensure Act Task Force released its second draft of the policy document known as the proposed "Model Act for State Licensure of Psychologists". This policy document serves as guidance to state legislatures for how they should set up their psychology licensing laws. The general expectations promoted in the model…

  4. Advocating for School Psychologists in Response to the APA's Proposed "Model Act for State Licensure of Psychologists"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skalski, Anastasia Kalamaros

    2009-01-01

    On March 6, 2009, the APA Model Licensure Act Task Force released its second draft of the policy document known as the proposed "Model Act for State Licensure of Psychologists". This policy document serves as guidance to state legislatures for how they should set up their psychology licensing laws. The general expectations promoted in the model…

  5. Walter Benjamin and the Methodology of Anthropological Materialism: Striking Dialectical Sparks from Ernst Thälmann’s Bronze Head

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Kusiak

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In his methodology as well as his political thought Benjamin remainsfaithful to the principle to proceed “always radically, never consistently”. Therefore,the greatest challenge for a contemporary city researcher inspired by Benjamin is tooperationalise his materialist methodology. Benjamin’s anthropological materialismcannot be reached within the fixed limits of any discipline, but rather places itself“on the crossroads of magic and positivism” (Adorno; the dialectical image is nota tool of his methodology but its culminating point where positivism turns to magic.To reach this point, Benjamin conducts perceptive and analytical experiments thatcan be treated as dialectical études, exercises in seeing. The paper examines some ofthese techniques, exploring their philosophical context and testing them on a contemporaryexample: the Ernst-Thälmann-Monument in Berlin.

  6. Job Satisfaction, Burnout, and Perceived Effectiveness of "In-House" versus Traditional School Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proctor, Briley E.; Steadman, Tara

    2003-01-01

    The present study examined whether school psychologists who serve a single school ("In-House" group) differed from school psychologists who serve several schools concurrently ("Traditional" group) in the three areas of job satisfaction, burnout, and effectiveness as perceived by the school psychologist. A total of 63 school psychology…

  7. Conversations with Four Highly Productive Educational Psychologists: Patricia Alexander, Richard Mayer, Dale Schunk, and Barry Zimmerman

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson-Hazley, Melissa; Kiewra, Kenneth A.

    2013-01-01

    This article seeks to answer the questions: Who are the most productive and influential educational psychologists? What factors characterize these educational psychologists? And, what advice might they pass along to budding scholars? To determine the top educational psychologists, we surveyed the membership of Division 15 (Educational Psychology)…

  8. 20 CFR 404.1617 - Reasonable efforts to obtain review by a qualified psychiatrist or psychologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... qualified psychiatrist or psychologist. 404.1617 Section 404.1617 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY... review by a qualified psychiatrist or psychologist. (a) The State agency must determine if additional qualified psychiatrists and psychologists are needed to make the necessary reviews (see §...

  9. 42 CFR 414.62 - Fee schedule for clinical psychologist services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fee schedule for clinical psychologist services... Physicians and Other Practitioners § 414.62 Fee schedule for clinical psychologist services. The fee schedule for clinical psychologist services is set at 100 percent of the amount determined for...

  10. 20 CFR 416.1017 - Reasonable efforts to obtain review by a qualified psychiatrist or psychologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... qualified psychiatrist or psychologist. 416.1017 Section 416.1017 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY... review by a qualified psychiatrist or psychologist. (a) The State agency must determine if additional qualified psychiatrists and psychologists are needed to make the necessary reviews (see §...

  11. Perceptions of School Psychologists Regarding Barriers to Response to Intervention (RTI) Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marrs, Heath; Little, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    As Response to Intervention (RTI) models continue to be implemented, an important research question is how school psychologists are experiencing the transition to RTI practice. In order to better understand the experiences of school psychologists, interviews with seven practicing school psychologists regarding their perceptions of barriers and…

  12. 20 CFR 220.58 - Objections to the designated physician or psychologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... psychologist. 220.58 Section 220.58 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE... designated physician or psychologist. A claimant or his or her representative may object to his or her being examined by a designated physician or psychologist. If there is a good reason for the objection, the...

  13. A Comparison of Special Education Teacher and Psychologist Scoring of the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Glen G.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    Ten special education teachers and two school psychologists scored the Bender-Gestalt protocals of elementary school children using the Koppitz scoring system. The reported correlations between teachers and school psychologists compared favorably to correlations between school psychologists as well as to interrater reliabilities reported in the…

  14. Incest and Parental Contact: A Psychologist's Personal Case and Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 2008

    2008-01-01

    A psychologist's husband molested their young daughter. Consulting psychologists purported that research indicated it would be developmentally advantageous for their daughter to continue a relationship with the father following the marital separation. The consulting psychologists did not reference the literature, prompting the mother to conduct a…

  15. Perceptions of Leadership Practices of School Psychologists: Views of Multiple Stakeholders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustyniak, Kristine; Kilanowski, Lisa; Privitera, Gregory J.

    2016-01-01

    Leadership ability is necessary in the work of school psychologists, yet formal investigation of leadership processes engaged in by school psychologists has not occurred in the field. Likewise, perceptions of the leadership ability of school psychologists by other key school professionals, such as administrators and teachers, remain undocumented.…

  16. Perceptions of School Psychologists Regarding Barriers to Response to Intervention (RTI) Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marrs, Heath; Little, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    As Response to Intervention (RTI) models continue to be implemented, an important research question is how school psychologists are experiencing the transition to RTI practice. In order to better understand the experiences of school psychologists, interviews with seven practicing school psychologists regarding their perceptions of barriers and…

  17. Targeting Family Risk Factors in the Context of Treating Youth Depression: A Survey of Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parra, Gilbert R.; Buckholdt, Kelly E.; Olsen, James P.; Jobe-Shields, Lisa; Davis, Genevieve L.; Gamble, Heather L.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the practices and perceptions of psychologists related to targeting family risk factors when treating youth depression. Participants were practicing psychologists recruited through the National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology (N = 279). Psychologists completed a brief anonymous survey about addressing…

  18. Fases da história da fotografia e a questão da aura, segundo Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando José Ribeiro de Oliveira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda as fases da história da fotografia propostas por Walter Benjamin, no ensaio Pequena História da Fotografia, e discute as transformações que atingiram a obra de arte na modernidade, à luz do conceito de aura. A periodização estabelecida por Benjamin - apogeu, declínio, revitalização - é ilustrada com trabalhos dos fotógrafos referidos pelo autor no texto em que visa à “compreensão real da essência da arte fotográfica”.

  19. Phytoplankton-Associated Bacterial Community Composition and Succession during Toxic Diatom Bloom and Non-Bloom Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sison-Mangus, Marilou P.; Jiang, Sunny; Kudela, Raphael M.; Mehic, Sanjin

    2016-01-01

    Pseudo-nitzschia blooms often occur in coastal and open ocean environments, sometimes leading to the production of the neurotoxin domoic acid that can cause severe negative impacts to higher trophic levels. Increasing evidence suggests a close relationship between phytoplankton bloom and bacterial assemblages, however, the microbial composition and succession during a bloom process is unknown. Here, we investigate the bacterial assemblages before, during and after toxic and non-toxic Pseudo-nitzschia blooms to determine the patterns of bacterial succession in a natural bloom setting. Opportunistic sampling of bacterial community profiles were determined weekly at Santa Cruz Municipal Wharf by 454 pyrosequencing and analyzed together with domoic acid levels, phytoplankton community and biomass, nutrients and temperature. We asked if the bacterial communities are similar between bloom and non-bloom events and if domoic acid or the presence of toxic algal species acts as a driving force that can significantly structure phytoplankton-associated bacterial communities. We found that bacterial diversity generally increases when Pseudo-nitzschia numbers decline. Furthermore, bacterial diversity is higher when the low-DA producing P. fraudulenta dominates the algal bloom while bacterial diversity is lower when high-DA producing P. australis dominates the algal bloom, suggesting that the presence of algal toxin can structure bacterial community. We also found bloom-related succession patterns among associated bacterial groups; Gamma-proteobacteria, were dominant during low toxic P. fraudulenta blooms comprising mostly of Vibrio spp., which increased in relative abundance (6–65%) as the bloom progresses. On the other hand, Firmicutes bacteria comprising mostly of Planococcus spp. (12–86%) dominate during high toxic P. australis blooms, with the bacterial assemblage showing the same bloom-related successional patterns in three independent bloom events. Other environmental

  20. Youth and pedagogy (On the genesis of the thought of Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluís BALLESTER BRAGE

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The authors analyze the 16 early writings that W. Benjamin wrote between the ages of 19 and 23, all of which relate to educative matters, and where the decisive influence of G. Wyneken is shown. The issues that the young Walter Benjamin addresses are also studied, such as idealism and youth culture, the necessity of reform in schools and universities and also in moral, aesthetic and religious education as well as in juvenile sexuality. However, the most important thing is that in these works one can find the constants that characterize the rest of his production, such as his individualism, his obsession with his own childhood experiences, his contradictions and thematic transitions, his interest in aesthetics and art, the complexity of his work, his agnosticism and his consideration of Judaism as a cultural element, and above all his critical sense and his vocation for criticism which starts to become evident. Somehow in these articles of educative content one can discover many of the constants of what will be the subsequent work of this author.

  1. Para un concepto de no lineal de Historia. Reflexiones a partir de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Gandler

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available O ponto de partida deste estudo é o mais recente texto de Walter Benjamin, sua tese "Sobre o conceito de história". Benjamin apela para a importância da teologia para o materialismo histórico, com a intenção de superar uma das razões decisivas porque o projeto único da teoria de Marx, em suas interpretações positivistas, não foi entendido com a necessária radicalidade e estava em risco de perder seu poder explicativo e seu impulso revolucionário. A necessidade de olhar para trás, em direção ao que chamamos de passado, é o foco do estudo, e é analisada no nível epistemológico, ontológico e político. O olhar para trás também é necessário porque o passado mostra como todas as atrocidades, que pensamos ter superado, podem voltar a qualquer momento em uma maneira que não podemos imaginar.

  2. Dispersive shock waves in the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili and two dimensional Benjamin-Ono equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ablowitz, Mark J.; Demirci, Ali; Ma, Yi-Ping

    2016-10-01

    Dispersive shock waves (DSWs) in the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) equation and two dimensional Benjamin-Ono (2DBO) equation are considered using step like initial data along a parabolic front. Employing a parabolic similarity reduction exactly reduces the study of such DSWs in two space one time (2 + 1) dimensions to finding DSW solutions of (1 + 1) dimensional equations. With this ansatz, the KP and 2DBO equations can be exactly reduced to the cylindrical Korteweg-de Vries (cKdV) and cylindrical Benjamin-Ono (cBO) equations, respectively. Whitham modulation equations which describe DSW evolution in the cKdV and cBO equations are derived and Riemann type variables are introduced. DSWs obtained from the numerical solutions of the corresponding Whitham systems and direct numerical simulations of the cKdV and cBO equations are compared with very good agreement obtained. In turn, DSWs obtained from direct numerical simulations of the KP and 2DBO equations are compared with the cKdV and cBO equations, again with good agreement. It is concluded that the (2 + 1) DSW behavior along self similar parabolic fronts can be effectively described by the DSW solutions of the reduced (1 + 1) dimensional equations.

  3. DESPERTAR DEL SUEÑO: WALTER BENJAMIN Y EL PROBLEMA DEL SHOCK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido Vespucci

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende analizar la noción de shock como una puerta de acceso a la obra de Walter Benjamin. A través de la exploración de algunos de sus escritos más originales (tales como «La obra de arte en la época de su reproductibilidad técnica», las «Tesis de filosofía de la historia», el Libro de los Pasajes, entre otros y sobre la base de una selección de ensayos acerca de su obra, intentaremos capturar la productividad analítica del concepto con el fin de poder iluminar su función operativa (filosófica y política, en el tratamiento que Benjamin realiza sobre una variedad de temas como el arte, la cultura, el capitalismo, la reproducción técnica y la experiencia del sujeto moderno.

  4. Why isn’t everyone an Evolutionary Psychologist?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darren eBurke

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Despite a widespread acceptance that the brain that underpins human psychology is the result of biological evolution, very few psychologists in any way incorporate an evolutionary perspective in their research or practice. There have been many attempts to convince mainstream psychology of the importance of such a perspective, mostly from those who identify with Evolutionary Psychology, and there has certainly been progress in that direction, but the core of psychology remains essentially unevolutionary. Here I explore a number of potential reasons for mainstream psychology continuing to ignore or resist an evolutionary approach, and suggest some ways in which those of us interested in seeing an increase in the proportion of psychologists adopting an evolutionary perspective might need to modify our tactics to increase our chances of success.

  5. Why isn't everyone an evolutionary psychologist?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Darren

    2014-01-01

    Despite a widespread acceptance that the brain that underpins human psychology is the result of biological evolution, very few psychologists in any way incorporate an evolutionary perspective in their research or practice. There have been many attempts to convince mainstream psychology of the importance of such a perspective, mostly from those who identify with "Evolutionary Psychology," and there has certainly been progress in that direction, but the core of psychology remains essentially unevolutionary. Here I explore a number of potential reasons for mainstream psychology continuing to ignore or resist an evolutionary approach, and suggest some ways in which those of us interested in seeing an increase in the proportion of psychologists adopting an evolutionary perspective might need to modify our tactics to increase our chances of success.

  6. Biology in bloom: implementing Bloom's Taxonomy to enhance student learning in biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowe, Alison; Dirks, Clarissa; Wenderoth, Mary Pat

    2008-01-01

    We developed the Blooming Biology Tool (BBT), an assessment tool based on Bloom's Taxonomy, to assist science faculty in better aligning their assessments with their teaching activities and to help students enhance their study skills and metacognition. The work presented here shows how assessment tools, such as the BBT, can be used to guide and enhance teaching and student learning in a discipline-specific manner in postsecondary education. The BBT was first designed and extensively tested for a study in which we ranked almost 600 science questions from college life science exams and standardized tests. The BBT was then implemented in three different collegiate settings. Implementation of the BBT helped us to adjust our teaching to better enhance our students' current mastery of the material, design questions at higher cognitive skills levels, and assist students in studying for college-level exams and in writing study questions at higher levels of Bloom's Taxonomy. From this work we also created a suite of complementary tools that can assist biology faculty in creating classroom materials and exams at the appropriate level of Bloom's Taxonomy and students to successfully develop and answer questions that require higher-order cognitive skills.

  7. The Deletable Bloom filter: A new member of the Bloom family

    CERN Document Server

    Rothenberg, Christian Esteve; Verdi, Fabio L; Magalhaes, Mauricio F

    2010-01-01

    We introduce the Deletable Bloom filter (DlBF) as a new spin on the popular data structure based on compactly encoding the information of where collisions happen when inserting elements. The DlBF design enables false-negative-free deletions at a fraction of the cost in memory consumption, which turns to be appealing for certain probabilistic filter applications.

  8. Divorce: Using Psychologists' Skills for Transformation and Conflict Reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, Jeffrey

    2016-05-01

    The litigious divorce process often leaves children with parents who are at "war" and have little ability to coparent effectively. This article discusses some of the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) processes designed to lessen conflict both before and after divorce. It also addresses the important work of psychologists serving in the roles of child therapists and reunification clinicians doing the difficult work of helping to heal fractured child-parent relationships. Ethical challenges are addressed and future directions for applied research are suggested.

  9. An active learning approach to Bloom's Taxonomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weigel, Fred K; Bonica, Mark

    2014-01-01

    As educators strive toward improving student learning outcomes, many find it difficult to instill their students with a deep understanding of the material the instructors share. One challenge lies in how to provide the material with a meaningful and engaging method that maximizes student understanding and synthesis. By following a simple strategy involving Active Learning across the 3 primary domains of Bloom's Taxonomy (cognitive, affective, and psychomotor), instructors can dramatically improve the quality of the lesson and help students retain and understand the information. By applying our strategy, instructors can engage their students at a deeper level and may even find themselves enjoying the process more.

  10. Positive psychology and the training of psychologists: Students’ perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tharina Guse

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The development of positive psychology interventions have burgeoned internationally and are relevant to the professional training of psychologistsResearch purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the personal and professional impact of including positive psychology in the professional training of clinical and counselling psychologists.Motivation for the study: It is not known how students previously educated in a pathogenic paradigm experience the exposure to positive psychology, and resultant paradigm shift, as part of their professional training.Research design, approach and method: A qualitative research design was implemented. Data consisted of written documents submitted by the participants and was analyzed by means of thematic analysis.Main findings: Integrating positive psychology in the professional training curriculum was valuable and enriching on both a professional and personal level. The participants reported an experience of positive emotions and increased sense of self-understanding and psychological well-being. Professionally they experienced a sense of increased self-efficacy.Practical/managerial implications: Positive psychology should be considered as part of the basic training of psychologists since it may enhance the development of trainee psychologists’ professional self, enhance aspects of psychological well-being as well as prevent stress and burnout.Contribution/value-add: This is the first South African study to explore the impact of including positive psychology principles and interventions in professional training.

  11. Creating the Connected Institution: Toward Realizing Benjamin Franklin and Ernest Boyer's Revolutionary Vision for American Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harkavy, Ira

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Ira Harkavy points to the beliefs that education and schooling significantly determine the character of a society, and that higher education has broad societal impacts, including helping to shape the rest of the schooling system. It is this core idea that unites the work of Benjamin Franklin and Ernest Boyer and serves as the…

  12. Final Report of the Evaluation of the Benjamin Franklin Urban League Street Academy, ESEA Title I 1969-1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teaching and Learning Research Corp., New York, NY.

    The purpose of the Benjamin Franklin Urban League Street Academy Program is to help students stay in school, help dropouts to return to school, or help students enter the job market. The program was evaluated in three categories: East Side Cluster Service, summer enrichment, and educational programs. The major evaluation objectives were to…

  13. Final Report of the Evaluation of the 1970-71 Benjamin Franklin Urban League Street Academy. ESEA Title I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Edsel; Wortham, James

    The objective of the Benjamin Franklin Urban League Street Academy, funded under Title I of the Elementary Secondary Education Act of 1965, is to help students to stay in school or to help dropouts to return to school, or enter the world of work prepared and motivated to adjust and achieve satisfactorily. The major evaluation objectives of this…

  14. Memória e história: Hannah Arendt em diálogo com Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magalhães, Marionilde Brepohl de

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A autora tem como proposta refletir sobre o papel da memória e da História em nossa cultura contemporânea, através de uma aproximação ao pensamento de Hannah Arendt e Walter Benjamin

  15. A poética da tradução em Walter Benjamin e Haroldo de Campos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciene Guimarães de Oliveira

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio visa traçar um paralelo entre a poética da tradução de Walter Benjamin, em “A Tarefa do Tradutor”, e a de Haroldo de Campos, poeta, tradutor, e crítico brasileiro em sua teoria da tradução.

  16. 78 FR 42036 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Port Lions, AK, De Beque, CO, Benjamin, Cisco, Rule, and Shamrock, TX

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Port Lions, AK, De Beque, CO, Benjamin, Cisco, Rule... 237C3; Cisco, Channel 261C3; Rule, Channel 288C2; and Shamrock, Channel 225C2. BILLING CODE 6712-01-P...

  17. WATER BLOOM OF BLUEGREEN ALGE IN CARP FISHPOUNDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melita Mihaljević

    1996-03-01

    Full Text Available The massive development of bluegreen algae (Cyanophyta/Cyanobacteria, the so--called water bloom, is a frequent phenomenon in fishpond ecosystems. This study analyses water bloom development in three carp fishponds owned by a fishbreeding company at Donji Miholjac (Croatia, where one-year-old carps (Cyprinus carpio , were bred in defferent fishstock densities. Analyses of physicallychemical properties of water and phytoplankton biomass were per- formed in fortnight intervals from May till October, 1992. In all there investigated fishponds the water bloom of bluegreen algae developed, but at a different time and showing a different qualitative composition. In the fishpond with fishstock density of 250 kg/ha water bloom consisted of the species Aphanizomenon flos-aquae, and the biggest biomass (131.92 mg/I was found in August. In the fishpond with fishstock density of 437 kg/ha a water bloom consisting of species from the genues Anabaena and species Aphanizomenon flos-aquae developed at the end of July. In the fishpond with the so--called intensive breeding (fishstock density of 750 kg/ha water bloom of the species Microcystis aeruginosa developed as late as September. The beginning of water bloom development was caused by the low value (lower than 7 of the ratio between the quantities of total phosphorus and total nitrogen. However, the qualitative composition of water bloom was influenced by one-year-old carp fingerlings density.

  18. Requirements for forecasting harmful algal blooms in the Benguela

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Bernard, S

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The Benguela system suffers from the frequent occurence of a variety of harmful algal blooms (HABs).These blooms can have severe negative impacts on local marine ecosystems and communities, in addition to commercial marine concerns such as rock...

  19. The Self According to Allan Bloom and Charles Reich.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aspy, David N.; Aspy, Cheryl B.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the works of Charles Reich and Allan Bloom that have helped to shape current social and political debate concerning self theory. Both Reich and Bloom were concerned with the relationship between self and environment. Argues that it is important to insure that its cultural role of self theory is clearly interpreted and applied. (MKA)

  20. The Evolution of Educational Objectives: Bloom's Taxonomy and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallahi, Carolyn R.; LaMonaca, Frank H., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    It is crucial for teachers to communicate effectively about educational objectives to students, colleagues, and others in education. In 1956, Bloom developed a cognitive learning taxonomy to enhance communication between college examiners. The Bloom taxonomy consists of 6 hierarchical levels of learning (knowledge, comprehension, application,…

  1. Use of Bloom's Taxonomy in Developing Reading Comprehension Specifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luebke, Stephen; Lorie, James

    2013-01-01

    This article is a brief account of the use of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Bloom, Engelhart, Furst, Hill, & Krathwohl, 1956) by staff of the Law School Admission Council in the 1990 development of redesigned specifications for the Reading Comprehension section of the Law School Admission Test. Summary item statistics for the…

  2. Margalef's mandala and phytoplankton bloom strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyatt, Timothy

    2014-03-01

    Margalef's mandala maps phytoplankton species into a phase space defined by turbulence (A) and nutrient concentrations (Ni); these are the hard axes. The permutations of high and low A and high and low Ni divide the space into four domains. Soft axes indicate some ecological dynamics. A main sequence shows the normal course of phytoplankton succession; the r-K axis of MacArthur and Wilson runs parallel to it. An alternative successional sequence leads to the low A-high Ni domain into which many red tide species are mapped. Astronomical and biological time are implicit. A mathematical transformation of the mandala (rotation) links it to the classical bloom models of Sverdrup (time) and Kierstead and Slobodkin (space). Both rarity and the propensity to form red tides are considered to be species characters, meaning that maximum population abundance can be a target of natural selection. Equally, both the unpredictable appearance of bloom species and their short-lived appearances may be species characters. There may be a correlation too between these features and long-lived dormant stages in the life-cycle; then the vegetative planktonic phase is the 'weak link' in the life-cycle. Red tides are thus due to species which have evolved suites of traits which result in specific demographic strategies.

  3. RECOMMENDATION SYSTEM USING BLOOM FILTER IN MAPREDUCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reena Pagare

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Many clients like to use the Web to discover product details in the form of online reviews. The reviews are provided by other clients and specialists. Recommender systems provide an important response to the information overload problem as it presents users more practical and personalized information facilities. Collaborative filtering methods are vital component in recommender systems as they generate high-quality recommendations by influencing the likings of society of similar users. The collaborative filtering method has assumption that people having same tastes choose the same items. The conventional collaborative filtering system has drawbacks as sparse data problem & lack of scalability. A new recommender system is required to deal with the sparse data problem & produce high quality recommendations in large scale mobile environment. MapReduce is a programming model which is widely used for large-scale data analysis. The described algorithm of recommendation mechanism for mobile commerce is user based collaborative filtering using MapReduce which reduces scalability problem in conventional CF system. One of the essential operations for the data analysis is join operation. But MapReduce is not very competent to execute the join operation as it always uses all records in the datasets where only small fraction of datasets are applicable for the join operation. This problem can be reduced by applying bloomjoin algorithm. The bloom filters are constructed and used to filter out redundant intermediate records. The proposed algorithm using bloom filter will reduce the number of intermediate results and will improve the join performance.

  4. Phytoplankton Bloom in North Sea off Scotland

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    The northern and western highlands of Scotland were still winter-brown and even dusted with snow in places, but the waters of the North Sea were blooming with phytoplankton on May 8, 2008, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the region and captured this image. The tiny, plant-like organisms swirled in the waters off the country's east coast, coloring the shallow coastal waters shades of bright blue and green. Phytoplankton are tiny organisms--many are just a single cell--that use chlorophyll and other pigments to capture light for photosynthesis. Because these pigments absorb sunlight, they change the color of the light reflected from the sea surface back to the satellite. Scientists have used observations of 'ocean color' from satellites for more than 20 years to track worldwide patterns in phytoplankton blooms. Phytoplankton are important to the Earth system for a host of reasons, including their status as the base of the ocean food web. In the North Sea, they are the base of the food web that supports Scotland's commercial fisheries, including monkfish and herring. As photosynthesizers, they also play a crucial role in the carbon cycle, removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Some oceanographers are concerned that rising ocean temperatures will slow phytoplankton growth rates, harming marine ecosystems and causing carbon dioxide to accumulate more rapidly in the atmosphere.

  5. What Is a Bilingual School Psychologist? A National Survey of the Credentialing Bodies of School Psychologists: Implications for the Assessment of Bilinguals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotelo-Dynega, Marlene

    2015-01-01

    The present study explored the credentialing practices for bilingual school psychologists in the United States. Credentialing agencies of school psychologists, mostly State Departments of Education, across the 50 states and the District of Columbia were contacted via telephone by trained graduate student research assistants. Only two of the…

  6. Professional Competences of Young Psychologists: The Dimensions of Self-Rated Competence Domains and Their Variation in the Early Years of the Psychologist's Career

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuittinen, Matti; Meriläinen, Matti; Räty, Hannu

    2014-01-01

    The study set out to explore an array of key competencies required by psychologists, along with a method for assessing them. The respondents (n?=?353) were a representative sample of young Finnish psychologists with professional experience of between 1 and 6 years. They were requested to rate 52 statements of competence. A set of explorative…

  7. Benjamin Franklin, electricity, and the palsies: on the 300th anniversary of his birth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Stanley

    2006-05-23

    Benjamin Franklin was involved not only with the nature of electricity but with its possible medical utility. He conducted electrical experiments on people with palsies, notably those caused by stroke, to see if electricity from machines could restore movement. Franklin recognized that electricity was not the miraculous cure it was hoped to be, and he presented his findings in 1757 as communication to the Royal Society. Although he did not provide names or individual case studies in this communication, subsequently published in 1758, his personal letters reveal that he treated at least two important colonists: James Logan, William Penn's secretary and a prominent public official in Pennsylvania, and Jonathan Belcher, governor of several provinces. Franklin's private letters shed light on how he conducted his clinical "tryals" and why he drew the conclusions he did in his report to the Royal Society.

  8. African American students' reactions to Benjamin Cooke's "Nonverbal Communication Among Afro-Americans: An Initial Classification".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Deric M; Stewart, Felicia R

    2011-01-01

    The nonverbal communication behavior of Black people continues to take new forms as time progresses. In Kochman's 1972 book, Rappin' and Stylin' Out: Communication in Urban Black America, Benjamin Cooke introduced an initial classification and code of nonverbal behaviors among people of African descent. In this study, students react to Cooke's study conducted in the late 1960s by commenting on Cooke's initial findings in comparison to nonverbal behaviors practiced among Black people as of late. Respondents suggest that while differences and variations exist between the expression of nonverbal behaviors exhibited by the original group studied and people recently observed, there yet remains a similarity in the cultural significance and motivation behind the displays.

  9. Ur phänomen y su transposición:: Benjamin y el Idealismo goetheano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tupac Cruz

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Una lectura de la "Erkenntnis-kritische Vorrede" a Ursprung des deutsches Trauerspiels busca determinar en qué sentido Benjamin efectúa, en la teoría de las ideas allí esbozada, lo que él mismo llamó después una "tranposicion" del concepto goetheano de Urphänomen. El cotejo con algunos de los naturwissenschaftliche Schriften de Goethe sugiere que ambos autores aventuran una manera de pensar la relación entre los conceptos de verdad y totalidad a través de la confrontación y manipulación forzosa de las distinciones introducidas por la filosofía crítica de Kant. En este sentido sus esbozos lógicos y epistemológicos se dejan leer como marcadores de los momentos inaugural y concluyente del proyecto del idealismo alemán.

  10. Solitons, compactons and undular bores in Benjamin-Bona-Mahony-like systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Aparna; Talukdar, B.; Das, Umapada; Chatterjee, Supriya

    2017-02-01

    We examine the effect of dissipation on travelling waves in nonlinear dispersive systems modelled by Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (BBM)-like equations. In the absence of dissipation, the BBM-like equations are found to support soliton and compacton /anticompacton solutions depending on whether the dispersive term is linear or nonlinear. We study the influence of increasing nonlinearity of the medium on the soliton and compacton dynamics. The dissipative effect is found to convert the solitons either to undular bores or to shock-like waves depending on the degree of nonlinearity of the equations. The anticompacton solutions are also transformed to undular bores by the effect of dissipation. But the compactons tend to vanish due to viscous effects. The local oscillatory structures behind the bores and /or shock-like waves in the case of solitons and anticompactons are found to depend sensitively both on the coefficient of viscosity and solution of the unperturbed problem.

  11. Well-posedness and computation of solutions of a regularized Benjamin-Ono system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Alexander Pipicano

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se estudia la existencia y la unicidad de soluciones del problema de Cauchy, en el caso periódico, para un sistema de tipo Benjamin-Ono regularizado (rBO, usando teoría de semigrupos, análisis de Fourier y el Teorema del punto fijo de Banach. Este sistema fue deducido recientemente por Muñoz [12] como un modelo débilmente dispersivo para la propagación de ondas internas con pequeña amplitud en la interface de dos fluidos inmiscibles con densidades constantes. Además se realizan algunos experimentos numéricos para analizar el error y la convergencia en tiempo y espacio de un esquema espectral de Fourier completamente discreto, a fin de aproximar las soluciones del problema de valor inicial asociado con el sistema rBO.

  12. DESPERTAR DEL SUEÑO: WALTER BENJAMIN Y EL PROBLEMA DEL SHOCK

    OpenAIRE

    Guido Vespucci

    2010-01-01

    El presente artículo pretende analizar la noción de shock como una puerta de acceso a la obra de Walter Benjamin. A través de la exploración de algunos de sus escritos más originales (tales como «La obra de arte en la época de su reproductibilidad técnica», las «Tesis de filosofía de la historia», el Libro de los Pasajes, entre otros) y sobre la base de una selección de ensayos acerca de su obra, intentaremos capturar la productividad analítica del concepto con el fin de poder iluminar su fun...

  13. Predictability of the Appearance of Anomalous Waves at Sufficiently Small Benjamin-Feir Indices

    CERN Document Server

    Ruban, V P

    2016-01-01

    The numerical simulation of the nonlinear dynamics of random sea waves at moderately small Benjamin-Feir indices and its comparison with the linear dynamics (at the coincidence of spatial Fourier harmonics near a spectral peak at a certain time $t_p$) indicate that the appearance of a rogue wave can be predicted in advance. If the linear approximation shows the presence of a sufficiently extensive and/or high group of waves in the near future after $t_p$, an anomalous wave is almost necessarily formed in the nonlinear model. The interval of reliable forecasting covers several hundred wave periods, which can be quite sufficient in practice for, e.g., avoiding the meeting of a ship with a giant wave.

  14. Periodic solutions of fully nonlinear autonomous equations of Benjamin-Ono type

    CERN Document Server

    Baldi, Pietro

    2012-01-01

    We prove the existence of time-periodic, small amplitude solutions of autonomous quasilinear or fully nonlinear completely resonant pseudo-PDEs of Benjamin-Ono type in Sobolev class. The result holds for frequencies in a Cantor set that has asymptotically full measure as the amplitude goes to zero. At the first order of amplitude, the solutions are the superposition of an arbitrarily large number of waves that travel with different velocities (multimodal solutions). The equation can be considered as a Hamiltonian, reversible system plus a non-Hamiltonian (but still reversible) perturbation that contains derivatives of the highest order. The main difficulties of the problem are: an infinite-dimensional bifurcation equation, and small divisors in the linearized operator, where also the highest order derivatives have nonconstant coefficients. The main technical step of the proof is the reduction of the linearized operator to constant coefficients up to a regularizing rest, by means of changes of variables and co...

  15. An infinite branching hierarchy of time-periodic solutions of the Benjamin-Ono equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilkening, Jon

    2008-07-01

    We present a new representation of solutions of the Benjamin-Ono equation that are periodic in space and time. Up to an additive constant and a Galilean transformation, each of these solutions is a previously known, multi-periodic solution; however, the new representation unifies the subset of such solutions with a fixed spatial period and a continuously varying temporal period into a single network of smooth manifolds connected together by an infinite hierarchy of bifurcations. Our representation explicitly describes the evolution of the Fourier modes of the solution as well as the particle trajectories in a meromorphic representation of these solutions; therefore, we have also solved the problem of finding periodic solutions of the ordinary differential equation governing these particles, including a description of a bifurcation mechanism for adding or removing particles without destroying periodicity. We illustrate the types of bifurcation that occur with several examples, including degenerate bifurcations not predicted by linearization about traveling waves.

  16. The musical magic of ambiguity in Benjamin Britten’s Death in Venice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.M. Spies

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay investigates the blurred musical significations in Benjamin Britten’s Death in Venice, an opera based on Thomas Mann’s important novella Der Tod in Venedig. The discussion of multiple meanings links up with two categories of ambiguity as set out by William Empson in his Seven Types of Ambiguity, that is two or more meanings which do not agree among themselves, but combine to make clear a more complicated state of mind, and two opposite meanings that show a fundamental division in the mind of the protagonist. It is indicated how this opera, as a story through music, portrays the physical and moral decay of the anti-hero, Gustav von Aschenbach, who enters the opera as a celebrated, worldrenowned writer.

  17. The Benjamin H. Kean Travel Fellowship in Tropical Medicine: Assessment of Impact at 15 Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carman, Aubri S; John, Chandy C

    2017-06-26

    The Benjamin H. Kean Fellowship in Tropical Medicine is an American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene initiative that provides medical students with funding for international clinical or research experiences lasting at least 1 month. Of the 175 Kean fellows from 1998 to 2013, 140 had current available e-mails, and 70 of the 140 (50%) responded to a survey about their fellowship experience. Alumni indicated that the Kean Fellowship had a high impact on their career plans with regard to preparation for (N = 65, 94.2%) and inspiration to pursue (N = 59, 88.1%) a career in tropical medicine and global health. Continued involvement in tropical medicine and global health was common: 52 alumni (74.3%) were currently working in tropical medicine or global health, 49 (71.0%) had done so in the interim between the Kean fellowship and their current position; and 17 of 19 Kean fellows (89.4%) who had completed all medical training and were now in professional practice continued to work in tropical medicine and global health. Alumni had been highly productive academically, publishing a total of 831 PubMed-indexed manuscripts, almost all on tropical medicine or global health topics, in the period between their fellowship year and 2013. Alumni reported strengths of the fellowship including funding, networking, and flexibility, and suggested that more networking and career mentoring would enhance the program. The Benjamin H. Kean fellowship program has been highly successful at inspiring and fostering ongoing work by trainees in tropical medicine and global health.

  18. Well-posedness and computation of solutions of a regularized Benjamin-Ono system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Alexander Pipicano

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is concerned with the existence and uniqueness of solutions of the Cauchy problem in the periodic setting for a regularized Benjamin-Ono type system (rBO by using semigroup theory, Fourier analysis and Banach’s fixed point theorem. This system was recently derived by Muñoz [12] as a weakly dispersive model for the propagation of small amplitude internal waves at the interface of two immiscible fluids with constant densities. We also conduct some numerical experiments to analyze the error and convergence in time and space of a fully discrete Fourier spectral scheme, for approximating the solutions of the initial value problem associated to the rBO system. Resumen. En este artículo se estudia la existencia y la unicidad de soluciones del problema de Cauchy, en el caso periódico, para un sistema de tipo Benjamin-Ono regularizado (rBO, usando teoría de semigrupos, análisis de Fourier y el Teorema del punto fijo de Banach. Este sistema fue deducido recientemente por Muñoz [12] como un modelo débilmente dispersivo para la propagación de ondas internas con pequeña amplitud en la interface de dos fluidos inmiscibles con densidades constantes. Además se realizan algunos experimentos numéricos para analizar el error y la convergencia en tiempo y espacio de un esquema espectral de Fourier completamente discreto, a fin de aproximar las soluciones del problema de valor inicial asociado con el sistema rBO.

  19. Harmful Algal Bloom Research in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Su Jilan; Zhou Mingjiang

    2001-01-01

    Proliferations of harmful algae in coastal waters, i.e., harmful algal blooms (HABs), popularly known as "red tides," have attracted the concern of governments and scientists worldwide. In recent years, HABs have occurred in China with increasing frequency and scope. These outbreaks have seriously affected the economy along the coast through fish kills, heavy losses in aquaculture, threats to human health, and other effects detrimental to the marine ecosystem. Therefore, it is important to pay special attention to the ecology and oceanography studies related to the outbreak of HABs. Only through the combination of the advancement of such knowledge with the strengthening of the monitoring network can we develop a HAB warning system for the sustainable development of the coastal economy.

  20. Harmful Algal Blooms and Public Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grattan, Lynn M; Holobaugh, Sailor; Morris, J Glenn

    2016-07-01

    The five most commonly recognized Harmful Algal Bloom related illnesses include Ciguatera poisoning, Paralytic Shellfish poisoning, Neurotoxin Shellfish poisoning, Diarrheic Shellfish Poisoning and Amnesic Shellfish poisoning. Although they are each the product of different toxins, toxin assemblages or HAB precursors these clinical syndromes have much in common. Exposure occurs through the consumption of fish or shellfish; routine clinical tests are not available for diagnosis; there is no known antidote for exposure; and the risk of these illnesses can negatively impact local fishing and tourism industries. Thus, illness prevention is of paramount importance to minimize human and public health risks. To accomplish this, close communication and collaboration is needed among HAB scientists, public health researchers and local, state and tribal health departments at academic, community outreach, and policy levels.

  1. Harmful Algal Blooms and Public Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grattan, Lynn M.; Holobaugh, Sailor; Morris, J. Glenn

    2015-01-01

    The five most commonly recognized Harmful Algal Bloom related illnesses include Ciguatera poisoning, Paralytic Shellfish poisoning, Neurotoxin Shellfish poisoning, Diarrheic Shellfish Poisoning and Amnesic Shellfish poisoning. Although they are each the product of different toxins, toxin assemblages or HAB precursors these clinical syndromes have much in common. Exposure occurs through the consumption of fish or shellfish; routine clinical tests are not available for diagnosis; there is no known antidote for exposure; and the risk of these illnesses can negatively impact local fishing and tourism industries. Thus, illness prevention is of paramount importance to minimize human and public health risks. To accomplish this, close communication and collaboration is needed among HAB scientists, public health researchers and local, state and tribal health departments at academic, community outreach, and policy levels. PMID:27616971

  2. Perspectives of an Iranian psychologist practicing in America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirsalimi, Hamid

    2010-06-01

    My experience as a male psychologist who was born and raised in Iran has had a tremendous impact on my professional practice in the United States. After providing a brief history of Iran to put this article in context, I explore 5 elements of that impact: Description of my diversity status, key practice issues raised for me as an Iranian therapist, my background and its impact on case formulation, key clinical issues raised for my clients given my diversity status, and effective strategies for addressing my diversity status and its impact on the treatment.

  3. The role of the psychologist in social change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinderman, Peter

    2014-06-01

    On 1 September 1967, the Nobel Prize-winning civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. delivered a speech entitled 'The role of the behavioral scientist in the civil rights movement' to the American Psychological Association (APA, 1999; King, 1968). With eloquence and passion, Martin Luther King championed the civil rights struggle and spoke to the interests of his audience. He stressed how behavioural scientists could and should support the civil rights movement. King's eloquent and passionate speech is still relevant today - explaining how psychologists and other mental health professionals could help address today's pressing social issues.

  4. Misconception p value among Chilean and Italian academic psychologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Badenes-Ribera

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The p value misconceptions are based on certain beliefs and attributions about the significance of the results. Thus, they affect the professionals’ decisions and jeopardize the quality of interventions and the accumulation of valid scientific knowledge. We conducted a survey on 164 academic psychologists (134 Italians, 30 Chileans, questioned on this topic. Our findings are consistent with original research and suggest that some participants do not know how to correctly interpret p values. The inverse probability fallacy presents the greatest comprehension problems, followed by the replication fallacy. These results highlight the importance of the statistical re-education of researchers. Recommendations for improving statistical cognition are proposed.

  5. Current assessment practice, personality measurement, and rorschach usage by psychologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musewicz, John; Marczyk, Geoffrey; Knauss, Linda; York, David

    2009-09-01

    In this study, we investigated current personality assessment practice and attitudes toward Rorschach (Exner, 2003) usage by 215 psychologists. We administered an Internet survey to members of the Society for Personality Assessment (SPA) and the American Psychological Association. Results were similar to those of past surveys, but the importance of using tests with strong psychometric properties was greater in this study. The majority of respondents reported using the Rorschach and supporting efforts to standardize and psychometrically validate the test. However, SPA members agreed more strongly than non-SPA members that the Rorschach is an effective test. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

  6. [Collaborative relationship between psychiatrists and psychologists: a literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrente, Fernando

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to review the empirical literature concerning the collaborative relationship between psychiatrists and psychologists. Despite the scarcity of published studies about this topic, three main areas of interest could be identified: 1. Literature regarding combined treatments (psychotherapy plus medication); 2. The development of therapeutic programs for specific conditions within a biopsychosocial framework; 3. The discussion about the team role in the approach of difficult cases. In general terms, it could be stated that collaborative treatments are a valid and effective option in mental health settings.

  7. Where do counselling psychologists based in the UK disseminate their research? A systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Hanley, Terry; Ruth, Gordon

    2013-01-01

    Aim: Research is frequently cited as core to counselling psychology. Yet we know little about where counselling psychologists publish their own findings. The present study aims to answer the following two research questions: (1) Where do UK-based counselling psychologists disseminate their research? (2) To what extent do counselling psychologists disseminate their research in British Psychological Society outlets? Method: A systematic review examining research by UK-based counselling psycholo...

  8. Physical Hydrography and Algal Bloom Transport in Hong Kong Waters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KUANG Cui-ping; LEE Joseph H.W.

    2005-01-01

    In sub-tropical coastal waters around Hong Kong, algal blooms and red tides are usually first sighted in the Mirs Bay, in the eastern waters of Hong Kong. A calibrated three-dimensional hydrodynamic model for the Pearl River Estuary (Delft3D) has been applied to the study of the physical hydrography of Hong Kong waters and its relationship with algal bloom transport patterns in the dry and wet seasons. The general 3D hydrodynamic circulation and salinity structure in the partially-mixed estuary are presented. Extensive numerical surface drogue tracking experiments are performed for algal blooms that are initiated in the Mirs Bay under different seasonal, wind and tidal conditions. The probability of bloom impact on the Victoria Harbour and nearby urban coastal waters is estimated. The computations show that: I) In the wet season (May~August), algal blooms initiated in the Mirs Bay will move in a clockwise direction out of the bay, and be transported away from Hong Kong due to SW monsoon winds which drive the SW to NE coastal current; ii) In the dry season (November~April), algal blooms initiated in the northeast Mirs Bay will move in an anti-clockwise direction and be carried away into southern waters due to the NE to SW coastal current driven by the NE monsoon winds; the bloom typically flows past the east edge of the Victoria Harbour and nearby waters. Finally, the role of hydrodynamic transport in an important episodic event - the spring 1998 massive red tide - is quantitatively examined. It is shown that the strong NE to E wind during late March to early April, coupled with the diurnal tide at the beginning of April, significantly increased the probability of bloom transport into the Port Shelter and East Lamma Channel, resulting in the massive fish kill. The results provide a basis for risk assessment of harmful algal bloom (HAB) impact on urban coastal waters around the Victoria Habour.

  9. Seasonal phytoplankton blooms in the North Atlantic linked to the overwintering strategies of copepods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin D. Friedland

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The North Atlantic Ocean contains diverse patterns of seasonal phytoplankton blooms with distinct internal dynamics. We analyzed blooms using remotely-sensed chlorophyll a concentration data and change point statistics. The first bloom of the year began during spring at low latitudes and later in summer at higher latitudes. In regions where spring blooms occurred at high frequency (i.e., proportion of years that a bloom was detected, there was a negative correlation between bloom timing and duration, indicating that early blooms last longer. In much of the Northeast Atlantic, bloom development extended over multiple seasons resulting in peak chlorophyll concentrations in summer. Spring bloom start day was found to be positively correlated with a spring phenology index and showed both positive and negative correlations to sea surface temperature and the North Atlantic Oscillation in different regions. Based on the characteristics of spring and summer blooms, the North Atlantic can be classified into two regions: a seasonal bloom region, with a well-defined bloom limited to a single season; and a multi-seasonal bloom region, with blooms extending over multiple seasons. These regions differed in the correlation between bloom start and duration with only the seasonal bloom region showing a significant, negative correlation. We tested the hypothesis that the near-surface springtime distribution of copepods that undergo diapause (Calanus finmarchicus, C. helgolandicus, C. glacialis, and C. hyperboreus may contribute to the contrast in bloom development between the two regions. Peak near-surface spring abundance of the late stages of these Calanoid copepods was generally associated with areas having a well-defined seasonal bloom, implying a link between bloom shape and their abundance. We suggest that either grazing is a factor in shaping the seasonal bloom or bloom shape determines whether a habitat is conducive to diapause, while recognizing

  10. Optical researches for cyanobacteria bloom monitoring in Curonian Lagoon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirshin, Evgeny A.; Budylin, Gleb B.; Yakimov, Boris P.; Voloshina, Olga V.; Karabashev, Genrik S.; Evdoshenko, Marina A.; Fadeev, Victor V.

    2016-04-01

    Cyanobacteria bloom is a great ecological problem of Curonian Lagoon and Baltic Sea. The development of novel methods for the on-line control of cyanobacteria concentration and, moreover, for prediction of bloom spreading is of interest for monitoring the state of ecosystem. Here, we report the results of the joint application of hyperspectral measurements and remote sensing of Curonian Lagoon in July 2015 aimed at the assessment of cyanobacteria communities. We show that hyperspectral data allow on-line detection and qualitative estimation of cyanobacteria concentration, while the remote sensing data indicate the possibility of cyanobacteria bloom detection using the spectral features of upwelling irradiation.

  11. The role of psychologists in health care delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahass, Saeed H

    2005-05-01

    Advances in the biomedical and the behavioral sciences have paved the way for the integration of medical practice towards the biopsychosocial approach. Therefore, dealing with health and illness overtakes looking for the presence or absence of the disease and infirmity (the biomedical paradigm) to the biopsychosocial paradigm in which health means a state of complete physical, psychological and social well-being. Psychology as a behavioral health discipline is the key to the biopsychosocial practice, and plays a major role in understanding the concept of health and illness. The clinical role of psychologists as health providers is diverse with the varying areas of care giving (primary, secondary and tertiary care) and a variety of subspecialties. Overall, psychologists assess, diagnose, and treat the psychological problems and the behavioral dysfunctions resulting from, or related to physical and mental health. In addition, they play a major role in the promotion of healthy behavior, preventing diseases and improving patients' quality of life. They perform their clinical roles according to rigorous ethical principles and code of conduct. This article describes and discusses the significant role of clinical health psychology in the provision of health care, following a biopsychosocial perspective of health and illness. Professional and educational issues have also been discussed.

  12. Training Educational Psychologists: A Model of Working with Diagnostic Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shubina A.S.,

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes a model of working with a diagnostic case in educational psychological practice and analyses its compliance with the requirements of the professional standard for educational psychologists as well as with the theoretical bases of psychological assessment as a form of professional activity of a psychologist. The paper reviews the possibilities for making the requirements of the professional standard more specific by means of relating its components to the stages of the diagnostic process. As it is shown, a number of aspects in the diagnostic activity are deficient and require to be specially developed during professional and advanced training. The paper analyses the necessity of designing the content of psychodiagnostic disciplines so that they involve working with diagnostic hypotheses. It also outlines the tasks of mastering psychodiagnostic disciplines which, if solved successfully, would prevent students from making typical diagnostic mistakes. Finally, the paper discusses the difficulties with the development of the gnostic component of diagnostic activity in graduate students with bachelor degrees in a non-psychology field.

  13. Interprofessional education: preparing psychologists for success in integrated primary care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cubic, Barbara; Mance, Janette; Turgesen, Jeri N; Lamanna, Jennifer D

    2012-03-01

    Rapidly occurring changes in the healthcare arena mean time is of the essence for psychology to formalize a strategic plan for training in primary care settings. The current article articulates factors affecting models of integrated care in Academic Health Centers (AHCs) and describes ways to identify and utilize resources at AHCs to develop interprofessional educational and clinical integrated care opportunities. The paper asserts that interprofessional educational experiences between psychology and other healthcare providers are vital to insure professionals value one another's disciplines in health care reform endeavors, most notably the patient-centered initiatives. The paper highlights ways to create shared values and common goals between primary care providers and psychologists, which are needed for trainee internalization of integrated care precepts. A developmental perspective to training from pre-doctoral, internship and postdoctoral levels for psychologists in integrated care is described. Lastly, a call to action is given for the field to develop more opportunities for psychology trainees to receive education and training within practica, internships and postdoctoral fellowships in primary care settings to address the reality that most patients seek their mental health treatment in primary care settings.

  14. Psychologists in preoperative programmes for children undergoing surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuzzocrea, Francesca; Costa, Sebastiano; Gugliandolo, Maria Cristina; Larcan, Rosalba

    2016-06-01

    This study aimed to verify whether psychologists and game activities could reduce preoperative anxiety and promote compliance in paediatric patients. More specifically, we sought to evaluate whether it would be better to propose contextualized games or just distracting activities. A total of 104 children undergoing surgery were assigned to the following 4 conditions of treatment: (1) contextual games and psychological accompaniment, (2) only contextual games, (3) distracting activities, and (4) only psychological accompaniment. Observed children's anxiety was assessed using modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale and compliant behaviours with modified form of Induction Compliance Checklist. Children in the first condition (complete intervention - contextual games and psychological accompaniment) were less anxious and more cooperative in the preoperative period and during the induction of anaesthesia than in the other three conditions. In particular, contextual activities (second condition) were found to be more efficient than psychological accompaniment (fourth condition), whereas the worst condition was proposing only distracting activities (third condition). In order to help young hospitalized patients in paediatric surgery structures, it is necessary to propose games that can prepare them for what will happen as well as the support of a psychologist.

  15. “Intermittency: the differential of time and the integral of space. The intensive spatiality of the Monad, the Apokatastasis and the Messianic World in Benjamin's latest thinking”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Desideri

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The main topic of my paper concerns the theological-philosophical nexus between the intensive and qualitative spatiality of the Monad and the Origenian idea of Apokatastasis as a nexus that can clarify Benjamin's latest idea of the Messianic World. The first step will be, therefore, to explain (1 Benjamin's use of the Origenian notion of Apokatastasis in his Essay on Leskov and in the Passagenwerk. Secondly, I will discuss (2 how and to what extent such use is relevant for Benjamin's idea of Messianism. Thirdly, I will propose (3 the thesis that, for Benjamin, a messianic idea of time implies a monadological idea of space. In this regard, the relationship between continuity and discontinuity, which is crucial to understand the late Benjamin's idea of history, must be understood precisely as a dialectical relationship that involves not only time but also space. (4 The figure of intermittence – as we shall see – expresses in the most suitable way the intertwining of space and time as dialectically and  messianicaly oriented. This sequence of logical steps and critical considerations will shed light on the true nature of Benjamin's idea of dialectics and on its relationship to the idea of the totality. The real term of confrontation of Benjamin's late philosophy (from the Passagenwerk to the Theses on the concept of history does not concern, therefore, Heidegger, but Hegel. In the light of this confrontation, Heidegger's Being and Time is already in pieces. It is as it were – we can say – behind Benjamin's movement of thought.

  16. Functional deficiency of fibroblasts heterozygous for Bloom syndrome as specific manifestation of the primary defect.

    OpenAIRE

    Bartram, C.R.; Rüdiger, H W; Schmidt-Preuss, U; Passarge, E

    1981-01-01

    The effect on the rate of sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) in Bloom syndrome fibroblasts by cocultivation with Fanconi anemia and xeroderma pigmentosum fibroblasts and with Bloom syndrome heterozygotes was studied. Cells of Fanconi anemia and xeroderma origin reduced the rate of SCEs in Bloom cells by about 45%-50%, just as control cells do. In contrast, heterozygous Bloom cells reduced the rate of SCEs by only 16%-28%. In absolute figures, Fanconi cells reduced the mean rate of SCE in Bloom...

  17. Título da página electrónica: The Walter Benjamin Research Syndicate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Mendes

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Esta página procura ser um repertório de textos em torno da obra de Walter Benjamin e um incentivo à divulgação de trabalhos sobre a teoria crítica proposta por este autor. É editor da página Scott J. Thompson, docente do New College of California. No texto de apresentação, é referido que o objectivo central desta publicação electrónica é atender aos textos mais marginais de Walter Benjamin, excluídos ou pouco trabalhados na academia. Embora a página não esteja estruturada de forma a permitir...

  18. Well-posedness of Cauchy problems for Korteweg-de Vries-Benjamin-Ono equation and Hirota equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUO Zhaohui; GUO Boling

    2004-01-01

    The well-posedness of the Cauchy problems to the Korteweg-de Vries-Benjamin-Ono equation and Hirota equation is considered. For the Korteweg-de Vries-Benjamin-Ono equation, local result is established for data in Hs(R)(s≥-1/8). Moreover, the global well-posedness for data in L2(R) can be obtained. For Hirota equation, local result is established for initial data in Hs(s≥1/4) .In addition, the local solution is proved to be global in Hs (s≥1) if the initial data are in Hs (s≥1) by energy inequality and the generalization of the trilinear estimates associated with the Fourier restriction norm method.

  19. Nonstructural carbohydrates and return bloom potential differ among cranberry cultivars

    Science.gov (United States)

    explain low fruit set and biennial bearing tendencies of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon). Yet, comparisons of nonstructural carbohydrate concentrations during critical phenological stages across cultivars that differ in biennial bearing tendencies and return bloom potential are lacking, particular...

  20. Algal blooms: an emerging threat to seawater reverse osmosis desalination

    KAUST Repository

    Villacorte, Loreen O.

    2014-08-04

    Seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination technology has been rapidly growing in terms of installed capacity and global application over the last decade. An emerging threat to SWRO application is the seasonal proliferation of microscopic algae in seawater known as algal blooms. Such blooms have caused operational problems in SWRO plants due to clogging and poor effluent quality of the pre-treatment system which eventually forced the shutdown of various desalination plants to avoid irreversible fouling of downstream SWRO membranes. This article summarizes the current state of SWRO technology and the emerging threat of algal blooms to its application. It also highlights the importance of studying the algal bloom phenomena in the perspective of seawater desalination, so proper mitigation and preventive strategies can be developed in the near future. © 2014 © 2014 Balaban Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.

  1. Lyngbya majuscula Blooms in an Enclosed Marine Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chin Soon Lionel Ng

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cyanobacterial blooms are a cause of concern because of their potential impacts on the marine environment. In Sentosa Cove, Singapore, Lyngbya majuscula blooms appeared regularly in the highly enclosed boat canals traversing the seafront residential development. This study investigated whether sediments resuspended by physical disturbance liberated nutrients that contribute to the blooms. Sediment resuspension events were mimicked in containers of sediment collected from the canals. Lyngbya majuscula that were incubated in containers with resuspended sediment attained greater biomass than those in filtered seawater only. Levels of iron, phosphates and nitrites in seawater with resuspended sediments were significantly higher than in those without. The results indicate that recurrent L. majuscula blooms in Sentosa Cove could be attributed to nutrient loading from sediment resuspension.

  2. Bloom syndrome: multiple retinopathies in a chromosome breakage disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhisitkul, R B; Rizen, M

    2004-03-01

    To describe multiple retinal abnormalities in a patient with Bloom syndrome, including early macular drusen, diabetic retinopathy, and the onset of leukaemic retinopathy. Clinical data were collected over 1 year of follow up, and ocular abnormalities in Bloom syndrome were reviewed from the literature. A 39 year old man with a rare autosomal recessive "chromosome breakage" syndrome was followed. A variety of ocular findings have been reported in Bloom syndrome; this patient had hard drusen in both maculae, non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and haemorrhagic retinopathy as a herald of acute lymphocytic leukaemia. Bloom syndrome is a rare disorder of genomic instability, in which a variety of ocular abnormalities have been found. Described here are multiple retinal manifestations arising from characteristic systemic associations of diabetes mellitus and leukaemia, as well as macular hard drusen.

  3. Spatial analysis of freshwater lake cyanobacteria blooms, 2008-2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Background/Question/Methods Cyanobacteria and associated harmful algal blooms cause significant social, economic, and environmental impacts. Cyanobacteria synthesize hepatotoxins, neurotoxins, and dermatotoxins, affecting the health of humans and other species. The Cyanobacteria ...

  4. Un taccuino a forma di strada. Su "Einbahnstrasse" di Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pier Giovanni Adamo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available La poetica di F. Schlegel ha realizzato una storicizzazione della teoria dei generi letterari sostituendo alla dicotomia del classicismo tra forma e contenuto una distinzione tra forma e spirito, secondo cui i materiali linguistico-tematici rappresentano i precipitati di quest’ultimo. Riprendendo questa intuizione di P. Szondi, potremmo affermare che, nella modernità letteraria, l’ibridazione è il processo di transizione dei materiali attraverso le forme. Un’opera tanto esemplare quanto strutturalmente rilevante, nell’orizzonte dell’ibridazione, è Einbahnstraße di Walter Benjamin, dove i materiali più disparati sono combinati a modellare una forma innovativa. Vi si mescolano stilemi della poesia in prosa, narrazione diaristica, (antimetodo surrealista, satira e intuizioni filosofiche. L’unicità, d’altra parte, risiede innanzitutto nell’essenza metacritica del procedimento organizzativo del libro: il frammentismo sistematico è un’applicazione pratica della teoria allegorica del montaggio, descritta nell’Ursprung des deutschen Trauerspiels. Il saggio si propone di leggere il testo come «un taccuino a forma di strada», anche per indagarne il valore di prologo al Passagenwerk, nato dall’avida lettura del Paysan de Paris di Aragon: istituisce un confronto per rilevare, nell’affinità di fondo, la  diversità di approccio tra il pensatore tedesco e il surrealismo, distinguendo tecniche di assemblaggio e ruolo dell’immaginario nell’uso di pubblicità e altri oggetti metropolitani. L’intenzione di una simile analisi di Einbahnstraße è dimostrare che Benjamin combina modelli letterari (Baudelaire, Proust, Kraus su tutti con i nuovi linguaggi artistici e le strategie discorsive della stampa per creare un’«immagine dialettica» dell’esistenza nel XX secolo.Friedrich Schlegel’s poetics realized a historicisation of literary genres theory by replacing classicist dichotomy between form and content with a

  5. Bright and dark soliton solutions of the (3 + 1)-dimensional generalized Kadomtsev–Petviashvili equation and generalized Benjamin equation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ahmet Bekir; Özkan Güner

    2013-08-01

    In this paper, we obtain the 1-soliton solutions of the (3 + 1)-dimensional generalized Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (gKP) equation and the generalized Benjamin equation. By using two solitary wave ansatz in terms of sech$^{p}$ and tanh$^{p}$ functions, we obtain exact analytical bright and dark soliton solutions for the considered model. These solutions may be useful and desirable for explaining some nonlinear physical phenomena in genuinely nonlinear dynamical systems.

  6. Putting patients first. A conversation with Benjamin Chu, M.D., the new chair-elect of the AHA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstock, Matthew

    2011-11-01

    The son of immigrants, Benjamin Chu, M.D., has followed an unusual life path from New York's Chinatown to Southern California, where he is now an executive with Kaiser Foundation Hospitals and Health Plan. Dismayed by the daunting challenges facing health care, the AHA chair-elect became a strong believer that the system can and must change, always keeping the focus firmly on the patient.

  7. Mimese, linguagem e poesia: pensamentos sobre origem e repetição em Benjamin e Heidegger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Felipe da Cunha e Silva

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available A partir do pensamento de Benjamin sobre a repetição, a mimese e a semelhança não física, chega-se à linguagem e ao prazer do signo, que são discutidos à luz do pensamento de Heidegger sobre a origem da poesia e da obra de arte. O problema da origem da linguagem faz o pano de fundo da discussão.

  8. Harmful algal bloom smart device application: using image analysis and machine learning techniques for early classification of harmful algal blooms (SETAC presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reports of toxic cyanobacterial blooms, also known as Harmful Algal Blooms (HABS) have increased drastically in recent years. HABS impact human health from causing mild allergies to liver damage and death. The Ecological Stewardship Institute (ESI) at Northern Kentucky Universi...

  9. Harmful algal bloom smart device application: using image analysis and machine learning techniques for early classification of harmful algal blooms (SETAC presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reports of toxic cyanobacterial blooms, also known as Harmful Algal Blooms (HABS) have increased drastically in recent years. HABS impact human health from causing mild allergies to liver damage and death. The Ecological Stewardship Institute (ESI) at Northern Kentucky Universi...

  10. Algal Bloom in Aquatic Ecosystems-an Overview

    OpenAIRE

    M. Ghorbani; S.A. Mirbagheri; A. H. Hasani; S. M. Monavari; J.Nouri

    2014-01-01

    Algae play an important role in all aquatic ecosystems by providing all living organisms of water bodies with preliminary nutrients and energy required. However, abnormal and excessive algal growth so-called algal bloom would be detrimental as much. Given the importance of algae in aquatic environment as well as their sensitivity to environmental changes, algal measurements are of key components of water quality monitoring programs. The algal blooms could include a variety of adverse impacts...

  11. Fat bloom on chocolate confectionery systems - From core to surface

    OpenAIRE

    Dahlenborg, Hanna

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Fat bloom on chocolate is a major problem for the confectionery industry since the unappetising appearance and negative sensory effects lead to rejection by customers. The presence of fat bloom on chocolate confectionery systems is usually connected to migration of liquid fat due to the difference in composition between filling triacylglycerols (TAGs) and cocoa butter TAGs. The filling TAGs migrate into the chocolate shell where they can dissolve cocoa butter crystals. Consequ...

  12. Development and Evaluation of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Delivered by Psychologists and Non-Psychologists in an NHS Community Adult Mental Health Service: a Preliminary Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Thomas; Bell, Lorraine; Bolderston, Helen; Clarke, Sue

    2017-05-11

    Previous studies have demonstrated that acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is effective for depression and may be useful for complex transdiagnostic clients. To conduct a preliminary evaluation of whether ACT is feasible and effective when delivered by psychologists and non-psychologists for complex clients in a National Health Service (NHS) community mental health service for adults. Staff were trained in ACT and conducted one-to-one therapy with clients. Measures on general mental health, depression, fusion and values were given pre-therapy, post-therapy and at 3-month follow-up. Standardized measures showed significant improvements post-therapy for global mental health, depression, cognitive fusion and values post-treatment. These were partially maintained at follow-up and remained after an intent-to-treat analysis. There were no differences in outcomes between psychologists and non-psychologists. ACT may be delivered effectively with limited training for complex cases in secondary care, though further research is needed.

  13. Benjamin Franklin, 1706-2008 : anatomie d’un tricentenaire transatlantique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Jeanne Rossignol

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article analyse le Tricentenaire de Benjamin Franklin, qui eut lieu de 2006 à 2008. A l’occasion de cette date anniversaire, de nombreux livres furent publiés, des colloques et expositions organisés aux Etats-Unis. Ces travaux et manifestations ont produit un nouveau regard, critique, sur Franklin, père fondateur assez extraordinaire. L’exposition principale est venue à Paris, au cours de l’hiver 2007-2008, clairement dans le cadre d’une volonté de rapprocher les deux pays à la suite des controverses suscitées par la Guerre en Irak. Cette commémoration franco-américaine a eu comme objectif principal de souligner la diplomatie et la collaboration transatlantiques, et non de présenter Franklin sous toutes ses facettes, et de l’intégrer au contexte de son époque dans son pays. Un symposium fut donc organisé à l’Université Paris – Diderot afin de mettre en valeur les travaux scientifiques sur Franklin, français, mais aussi étrangers. Les principales communications sont présentées dans ce dossier.This paper offers reflections on the Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary, which took place from 2006 to 2008. This anniversary was celebrated by many publications, conferences and exhibitions in the United States, producing a renewed and critical understanding of Franklin, “not your usual founding father”. The main exhibition travelled to France (2007-2008, clearly as part of an attempt to patch up relationships between the two countries in the wake of the Iraq war controversy. The main focus in this Franco-American commemoration was on transatlantic diplomacy and collaboration, not really on Franklin in his multiple capacities, in his time and country of birth. The conference organized at Université Paris-Diderot in January 2008 was by contrast a scholarly affair, highlighting work on Franklin conducted by French and foreign specialists. Most of the papers are presented here.

  14. Entretelones de una "estética operatoria" Luis Juan Guerrero y Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Ignacio García

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se ensaya una aproximación a la labor estético-filosófica del argentino Luis Juan Guerrero (1899-1957, a través de un cotejo de su temprana y productiva recepción de algunos aspectos centrales de la obra de Walter Benjamin. Se intenta mostrar que esta clave de lectura permite un acceso privilegiado a la labor de Guerrero, a la vez que ayuda a construir una imagen más compleja y matizada de la generación intelectual "antipositivista" a la que perteneció. La olvidada obra de Guerrero se compone principalmente de trabajos sobre ética, psicología y estética. Acotaremos nuestra atención a su principal trabajo, y acaso la obra sobre estética más ambiciosa jamás escrita en nuestro país: Estética Operatoria en sus Tres Direcciones. Se muestra en el artículo que la summa estética de Guerrero, si bien expresa con toda claridad las preocupaciones centrales de una generación intelectual marcada por la cultura alemana de entreguerras y por la problemática de la "crisis de la cultura", inscribe, a su vez, una anomalía -benjaminiana-, una inflexión político-materialista, que pone en cuestión la idea frecuente de que la "crisis de la cultura" una y otra vez diagnosticada en aquella época mostró siempre alternativas "espiritualistas" de resolución.This essay deals with the aesthetic-philosophical work of the Argentinean Luis Juan Guerrero (1899-1957, through a consideration of its early and fruitful reception of some central aspects of Walter Benjamin's work. It is shown that this perspective allows a privileged access to Guerrero's work, at the same time that it makes more complex the image of the "anti-positivistic" intellectual generation in Argentina. Guerrero's forgotten work includes principally contributions on ethics, psychology and aesthetics. This essay will pay attention only to his most important work, maybe the most ambitious aesthetic work ever written in Argentina: Operatory Aesthetics in its Three

  15. Mathematical model of heat transfer for bloom continuous casting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qing Liu; Liangzhou Wang; Liqiang Zhang; Liguo Cao; Xiuzhong Ding; Mei Liang; Yongge Qi

    2008-01-01

    A mathematical model for heat transfer during solidification in continuous casting of automobile steel, was established on researching under the influence of the solidifying process of bloom quality of CCM in the EAF steelmaking shop, at Shijiazhuang Iron and Steel Co. Ltd. Several steel grades were chosen to research, such as, 40Cr and 42CrMo. According to the results of the high temperature mechanical property tests of blooms, the respective temperature curves for controlling the solidification of differem steels were acquired, and a simulating software was developed. The model was verified using two methods, which were bloom pin-shooting and surface strand temperature measuring experiments. The model provided references for research on the solidifying proc-ess and optimization of a secondary cooling system for automobile steel. Moreover, it was already applied to real production. The calculated temperature distribution and solidification trend of blooms had offered a reliable theory for optimizing the solidifying process of blooms, increasing withdrawal speed, and improving bloom quality. Meanwhile, a new secondary cooling system was designed to optimize a secondary cooling water distribution, including choice and arrangements of nozzles, calculation of cooling water quantity, and so on.

  16. Effects of fertilizers used in agricultural fields on algal blooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakraborty, Subhendu; Tiwari, P. K.; Sasmal, S. K.; Misra, A. K.; Chattopadhyay, Joydev

    2017-06-01

    The increasing occurrence of algal blooms and their negative ecological impacts have led to intensified monitoring activities. This needs the proper identification of the most responsible factor/factors for the bloom formation. However, in natural systems, algal blooms result from a combination of factors and from observation it is difficult to identify the most important one. In the present paper, using a mathematical model we compare the effects of three human induced factors (fertilizer input in agricultural field, eutrophication due to other sources than fertilizers, and overfishing) on the bloom dynamics and DO level. By applying a sophisticated sensitivity analysis technique, we found that the increasing use of fertilizers in agricultural field causes more rapid algal growth and decreases DO level much faster than eutrophication from other sources and overfishing. We also look at the mechanisms how fertilizer input rate affects the algal bloom dynamics and DO level. The model can be helpful for the policy makers in determining the influential factors responsible for the bloom formation.

  17. Identification of genetically and oceanographically distinct blooms of jellyfish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Patricia L M; Dawson, Michael N; Neill, Simon P; Robins, Peter E; Houghton, Jonathan D R; Doyle, Thomas K; Hays, Graeme C

    2013-03-06

    Reports of nuisance jellyfish blooms have increased worldwide during the last half-century, but the possible causes remain unclear. A persistent difficulty lies in identifying whether blooms occur owing to local or regional processes. This issue can be resolved, in part, by establishing the geographical scales of connectivity among locations, which may be addressed using genetic analyses and oceanographic modelling. We used landscape genetics and Lagrangian modelling of oceanographic dispersal to explore patterns of connectivity in the scyphozoan jellyfish Rhizostoma octopus, which occurs en masse at locations in the Irish Sea and northeastern Atlantic. We found significant genetic structure distinguishing three populations, with both consistencies and inconsistencies with prevailing physical oceanographic patterns. Our analyses identify locations where blooms occur in apparently geographically isolated populations, locations where blooms may be the source or result of migrants, and a location where blooms do not occur consistently and jellyfish are mostly immigrant. Our interdisciplinary approach thus provides a means to ascertain the geographical origins of jellyfish in outbreaks, which may have wide utility as increased international efforts investigate jellyfish blooms.

  18. Competing phytoplankton undermines allelopathy of a bloom-forming dinoflagellate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prince, Emily K; Myers, Tracey L; Naar, Jerome; Kubanek, Julia

    2008-12-07

    Biotic interactions in the plankton can be both complex and dynamic. Competition among phytoplankton is often chemically mediated, but no studies have considered whether allelopathic compounds are modified by biotic interactions. Here, we show that compounds exuded during Karenia brevis blooms were allelopathic to the cosmopolitan diatom Skeletonema costatum, but that bloom allelopathy varied dramatically among collections and years. We investigated several possible causes of this variability and found that neither bloom density nor concentrations of water-borne brevetoxins correlated with allelopathic potency. However, when we directly tested whether the presence of competing phytoplankton influenced bloom allelopathy, we found that S. costatum reduced the growth-inhibiting effects of bloom exudates, suggesting that S. costatum has a mechanism for undermining K. brevis allelopathy. Additional laboratory experiments indicated that inducible changes to K. brevis allelopathy were restricted to two diatoms among five sensitive phytoplankton species, whereas five other species were constitutively resistant to K. brevis allelopathy. Our results suggest that competitors differ in their responses to phytoplankton allelopathy, with S. costatum exhibiting a previously undescribed method of resistance that may influence community structure and alter bloom dynamics.

  19. Für das Spielen lernen wir – Konzept und Evaluation des internationalen Medizinstudierendenwettbewerbs "Benjamin Franklin Contest" [Learning for the game – concept and evaluation of the international medical student competition "Benjamin Franklin Contest"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolxdorff, Thomas

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available [english] Objective: In 1998 an international contest for medical students called “Benjamin Franklin Contest” was initiated by the former university hospital of Freie Universität Berlin on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of its foundation in 1968. Since then, seven teams from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland have been competing against each other every year. Five medical students per team match up in paper cases, diagnosis of medical images, multiple choice tests, and practical skills.Methods: All participants of the 11th Benjamin Franklin Contest (2009 were asked about their motivation, preparation strategy, and experience with the contest. Results: In total 92% (32 of 35 participated in the evaluation study. We show that improvement of medical knowledge is one of the key motivating factors behind participation in the competition. The teams were trained by self-study, tutorials, and learning groups. Remarkably, students invested 54.2 hours (SD 32 hours of their free time to prepare for the contest. Conclusions: The Benjamin Franklin Contest is an innovative approach to facilitate self-directed learning and develope medical competencies. [german] Zielsetzung: Im Jahr 1998 wurde am damaligen Universitätsklinikum Benjamin Franklin der Freien Universität (FU in Berlin der internationale Medizinstudierendenwettbewerb „Benjamin Franklin Contest“ (BFC initiiert. Anlass war damals der 30. Jahrestag der Gründung der Universitätsmedizin an der FU. Seitdem findet jedes Jahr ein Wettbewerb zwischen sieben Teams von medizinischen Fakultäten aus Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz statt. Jeweils fünf Studierende messen sich in den Kategorien Papierfälle, Blickdiagnosen, Auswahlfragen und praktische Fähigkeiten.Methodik: Ziel dieser Arbeit ist die Beschreibung des Projektes BFC und eine erste Evaluation der Erfahrung von Teilnehmenden. Dazu wurden alle Teilnehmenden des 11. BFC (2009 mittels eines selbst entwickelten Fragebogens

  20. Harmful algal bloom smart device application: using image analysis and machine learning techniques for early classification of harmful algal blooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Ecological Stewardship Institute at Northern Kentucky University and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency are collaborating to optimize a harmful algal bloom detection algorithm that estimates the presence and count of cyanobacteria in freshwater systems by image analysis...

  1. Harmful algal bloom smart device application: using image analysis and machine learning techniques for early classification of harmful algal blooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Ecological Stewardship Institute at Northern Kentucky University and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency are collaborating to optimize a harmful algal bloom detection algorithm that estimates the presence and count of cyanobacteria in freshwater systems by image analysis...

  2. Clinical Psychologists' Judgments of the Scientific Merit and Clinical-Relevance of Psychotherapy Outcome Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Lawrence H.

    1979-01-01

    Result of this study indicated psychologists' judgments of scientific merit were influenced by patient assignment and follow-up but not by therapists' experience. Judgments of clinical relevance were influenced by patient population, the findings' applicability, and nature of therapy. Psychologists were more critical of methodology of studies…

  3. Effects of Social Psychological Phenomena on School Psychologists' Ethical Decision-Making: A Preliminary Empirical Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klose, Laurie McGarry; Lasser, Jon; Reardon, Robert F.

    2012-01-01

    This preliminary, exploratory study examines the impact of select social psychological phenomena on school-based ethical decision-making of school psychologists. Responses to vignettes and hypothetical statements reflecting several social psychological phenomena were collected from 106 practicing school psychologists. Participants were asked to…

  4. Recognizing Business Issues in Professional Psychology for Clinical PsyD Trainees and Early Career Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maciel, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    The largest number of licensed psychologists are centralized in California. More PsyD than PhD degrees in clinical psychology are now awarded, and California houses 16 of the 59 APA-accredited programs. Post-millennia Early Career Psychologists (ECPs) typically accumulate over $120,000 in education debt, and may be concerned with the cost-benefit…

  5. The Preparation of School Psychologists and Specialists in Educational Psychology in Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schad, Elinor

    2014-01-01

    School psychologists have a new and stronger position in Sweden's educational system than earlier. For example, as of July 2011, all Swedish students ages 6 through 18 have guaranteed access to school psychology services. The school psychologists' roles are to be active participants and coworkers in the student health service team, working to…

  6. Sexual Health Education: Social and Scientific Perspectives and How School Psychologists Can Be Involved

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClung, Ashley A.; Perfect, Michelle M.

    2012-01-01

    The National Association of School Psychologists' (NASP) official stand on sexual education is that it should be taught in schools to help young people make healthy decisions regarding sex throughout their lives. Accordingly, school psychologists have a responsibility to use their expertise to facilitate these programs. Without a comprehensive…

  7. School Psychologists' Ethical Strain and Rumination: Individual Profiles and Their Associations with Weekly Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huhtala, Mari; Kinnunen, Ulla; Feldt, Taru

    2017-01-01

    We investigated school psychologists' experiences of ethical strain (the frequency of ethical dilemmas at work and the stress caused by these dilemmas) and dilemma-related rumination outside working hours. Individual latent profiles were estimated at the study baseline based on these three dimensions. The psychologists' weekly well-being (vigor,…

  8. National Study of School Psychologists' Use of Evidence-Based Assessment in Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiello, Rachel; Ruble, Lisa; Esler, Amy

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to better understand predictors of evidence-based assessment practices for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Nationwide, 402 school psychologists were surveyed for their knowledge of and training and experience with ASD on assessment practices, including reported areas of training needs. The majority of school psychologists reported…

  9. The Preparation of School Psychologists and Specialists in Educational Psychology in Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schad, Elinor

    2014-01-01

    School psychologists have a new and stronger position in Sweden's educational system than earlier. For example, as of July 2011, all Swedish students ages 6 through 18 have guaranteed access to school psychology services. The school psychologists' roles are to be active participants and coworkers in the student health service team, working to…

  10. Psychologist suicide: Incidence, impact, and suggestions for prevention, intervention, and postvention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleespies, Phillip M; Van Orden, Kimberly A; Bongar, Bruce; Bridgeman, Diane; Bufka, Lynn F; Galper, Daniel I; Hillbrand, Marc; Yufit, Robert I

    2011-06-01

    Psychologist practitioners are not immune to some mental health problems, including suicidality, for which they provide services. In the aftermath of two recent psychologist suicides, the American Psychological Association's Advisory Committee on Colleague Assistance (ACCA) initiated the formation of a conjoint ad hoc committee consisting of members from ACCA, the American Psychological Association (APA) Practice Directorate, and the Section on Clinical Emergencies and Crises (Section VII of APA's Division 12) to investigate the incidence of psychologist suicide and its impact on colleagues, students or interns, patients or clients, and the profession. The committee reviewed the extant empirical literature on suicide rates for psychologists, evaluated unpublished data on psychologist suicide provided by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), interviewed colleague survivors, reviewed published case reports of the impact of therapist suicides, and linked their findings to the literature on professional distress, impairment, and self-care. The committee concluded that there is evidence suggestive of an elevated risk of suicide for psychologists in past decades. It further concluded that there is a need for further research to confirm if there is a heightened risk of suicide for psychologists in the present day, and to determine factors that might contribute to such risk. Accounts from colleague-survivors suggest that the impact of a psychologist's suicide can affect many people including family, colleagues, students, and patients or clients. This article offers suggestions for possible preventive approaches, for intervention with potentially at-risk colleagues, and for postvention efforts in the wake of a colleague suicide.

  11. [What role can the psychologist have in patient education in nephrology? An out-center example].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idier, Laëtitia; Untas, Aurélie; Aguirrezabal, Maïder; Larroumet, Nicole; Rascle, Nicole; Chauveau, Philippe

    2013-06-01

    This article presents the experience of a psychologist in the development of a multidisciplinary and collective Therapeutic Patient Education program for dialysis patients in out-center (self-dialysis). The role of the psychologist is situated at different levels: construction of the program, animation and co-animation of interventions and evaluation of the program.

  12. [The role of the psychologist with a death in neonatal and paediatric intensive care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birsan, Sandrine; Rodriguez, Marie-Pierre; Brissaud, Olivier

    2014-01-01

    The psychologist within a neonatal and paediatric intensive care unit intervenes in accordance with the condition of the patient and those at whom their services are aimed. The psychological practice in this particular context comprises certain specificities. As the child nears the end of life the psychologist must find his place within the unit and adapt his care to the needs expressed.

  13. Recognizing Business Issues in Professional Psychology for Clinical PsyD Trainees and Early Career Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maciel, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    The largest number of licensed psychologists are centralized in California. More PsyD than PhD degrees in clinical psychology are now awarded, and California houses 16 of the 59 APA-accredited programs. Post-millennia Early Career Psychologists (ECPs) typically accumulate over $120,000 in education debt, and may be concerned with the cost-benefit…

  14. School Psychologists' Ethical Strain and Rumination: Individual Profiles and Their Associations with Weekly Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huhtala, Mari; Kinnunen, Ulla; Feldt, Taru

    2017-01-01

    We investigated school psychologists' experiences of ethical strain (the frequency of ethical dilemmas at work and the stress caused by these dilemmas) and dilemma-related rumination outside working hours. Individual latent profiles were estimated at the study baseline based on these three dimensions. The psychologists' weekly well-being (vigor,…

  15. Perceptions of Spanish/English Bilingual School Psychologists Regarding Competency in Assessment and Future Training Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pena, Anne Marie

    2012-01-01

    With the changing demographics of the school population, the need for bilingually competent school psychologists has become increasingly important. The current study examined the influence of training and regional factors on Spanish-speaking, bilingual school psychologists' self-perceptions of competence regarding assessment of non-native…

  16. Job Satisfaction among Practicing School Psychologists: The Impact of SLD Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cottrell, Joseph M.; Barrett, Courtenay A.

    2016-01-01

    Research has documented high levels of job satisfaction among school psychologists. Given that school psychologists spend much of their time in special education decision making and identifying students with specific learning disabilities (SLDs), it is important to understand how assessment practices relate to job satisfaction. This study surveyed…

  17. School Psychologists' Knowledge and Use of Evidence-Based, Social-Emotional Learning Interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKevitt, Brian C.

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the results of a national survey pertaining to school psychologists' knowledge and use of evidence-based, social-emotional learning (SEL) interventions. For the study, 331 school psychologists responded to a survey that listed (a) techniques for identifying SEL interventions, (b) 16 SEL programs that have been identified by…

  18. The Interrelationship between the Society of Indian Psychologists and Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Jacqueline S.; Carter, Paula M.; LaFromboise, Teresa D.; BigFoot, Dolores Subia

    2012-01-01

    Over the past four decades, the Society of Indian Psychologists (SIP) has grown from a small network of indigenous psychologists and students to a well-established network among the ethnic minority psychology organizations. SIP embraces both Western psychology and indigenous values of cooperation, group harmony, respect, generosity, careful…

  19. Considerations for School Psychologists Working with Arab American Children and Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goforth, Anisa N.

    2011-01-01

    There are an estimated three million Arab Americans in the United States, with 25% of the population under the age of 18. Given this significant population, it is likely that some school psychologists come across children from Arab backgrounds during their career. Many school psychologists, however, may not be aware of the unique cultural…

  20. Thai and Korean Students' Perceptions about the Roles and Functions of School Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tangdhanakanond, Kamonwan; Lee, Dong Hun

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to compare Thai and Korean college students on their perceptions of the roles and functions of school psychologists. One hundred and ninety-three Thai college students and 238 Korean counterparts participated in this study. Students rated the importance of various roles/functions of a school psychologist and…

  1. School Psychologists' Perceived Competence and Training Needs for Student Substance Abuse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burrow-Sanchez, Jason; Call, Megan E.; Adolphson, S. Lillian; Hawken, Leanne S.

    2009-01-01

    Background: School psychologists are some of the most likely personnel to deliver mental health services, including substance abuse, in school settings, but there is limited research on the perceived competence of school psychologists to address student substance abuse concerns. The 3 aims of this study were to determine how school psychologists…

  2. Assessment of Teacher and School Psychologist Knowledge of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weyandt, Lisa L.; Fulton, Katherine M.; Schepman, Steve B.; Verdi, Genevieve R.; Wilson, Kimberly G.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate teacher and school psychologists' knowledge of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). One hundred thirty-two kindergarten through 12th-grade general education teachers, special education teachers, and school psychologists responded to a 24-item questionnaire concerning treatment and possible…

  3. Job Satisfaction among Practicing School Psychologists: The Impact of SLD Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cottrell, Joseph M.; Barrett, Courtenay A.

    2016-01-01

    Research has documented high levels of job satisfaction among school psychologists. Given that school psychologists spend much of their time in special education decision making and identifying students with specific learning disabilities (SLDs), it is important to understand how assessment practices relate to job satisfaction. This study surveyed…

  4. Facilitators and Barriers to the Provision of Therapeutic Interventions by School Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Cathy; Squires, Garry; Bragg, Joanna; Muscutt, Janet; Wasilewski, David

    2014-01-01

    There is growing concern internationally about the prevalence of mental health problems among school-aged children and their access to specialist services. School psychologists (SPs) may be one group of professionals well-positioned to support the well-being of children and young people, due to their position as applied psychologists working…

  5. An Examination of Factors Associated with School Psychologists' Provision of Counseling Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeFago, Jennifer Kelly

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors that predict provision of counseling services by Ohio-based school psychologists. In order to address the research questions, a survey instrument was created and a sample of school psychologists working in Ohio completed a questionnaire regarding their counseling practices. The data were…

  6. Spring blooms in the Baltic Sea have weakened but lengthened from 2000 to 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groetsch, Philipp M. M.; Simis, Stefan G. H.; Eleveld, Marieke A.; Peters, Steef W. M.

    2016-09-01

    Phytoplankton spring bloom phenology was derived from a 15-year time series (2000-2014) of ship-of-opportunity chlorophyll a fluorescence observations collected in the Baltic Sea through the Alg@line network. Decadal trends were analysed against inter-annual variability in bloom timing and intensity, and environmental drivers (nutrient concentration, temperature, radiation level, wind speed).Spring blooms developed from the south to the north, with the first blooms peaking mid-March in the Bay of Mecklenburg and the latest bloom peaks occurring mid-April in the Gulf of Finland. Bloom duration was similar between sea areas (43 ± 2 day), except for shorter bloom duration in the Bay of Mecklenburg (36 ± 11 day). Variability in bloom timing increased towards the south. Bloom peak chlorophyll a concentrations were highest (and most variable) in the Gulf of Finland (20.2 ± 5.7 mg m-3) and the Bay of Mecklenburg (12.3 ± 5.2 mg m-3).Bloom peak chlorophyll a concentration showed a negative trend of -0.31 ± 0.10 mg m-3 yr-1. Trend-agnostic distribution-based (Weibull-type) bloom metrics showed a positive trend in bloom duration of 1.04 ± 0.20 day yr-1, which was not found with any of the threshold-based metrics. The Weibull bloom metric results were considered representative in the presence of bloom intensity trends.Bloom intensity was mainly determined by winter nutrient concentration, while bloom timing and duration co-varied with meteorological conditions. Longer blooms corresponded to higher water temperature, more intense solar radiation, and lower wind speed. It is concluded that nutrient reduction efforts led to decreasing bloom intensity, while changes in Baltic Sea environmental conditions associated with global change corresponded to a lengthening spring bloom period.

  7. Monitoring for Harmful Algal Blooms in Influent Waters and Through Treatment on Lake Erie in the 2013 and 2014 Bloom Seasons 

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monitoring of Harmful Algal Blooms in Influent and Through Drinking Water Treatment Facilities Located on Lake Erie in the 2013 and 2014 Bloom SeasonsToby Sanan, Nicholas Dugan, Darren Lytle, Heath MashHarmful algal blooms (HABs) and their associated toxins are emerging as signif...

  8. The Blooming Anatomy Tool (BAT): A Discipline-Specific Rubric for Utilizing Bloom's Taxonomy in the Design and Evaluation of Assessments in the Anatomical Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Andrew R.; O'Loughlin, Valerie D.

    2015-01-01

    Bloom's taxonomy is a resource commonly used to assess the cognitive level associated with course assignments and examination questions. Although widely utilized in educational research, Bloom's taxonomy has received limited attention as an analytical tool in the anatomical sciences. Building on previous research, the Blooming Anatomy Tool (BAT)…

  9. Evaluation of Harmful Algal Bloom Outreach Activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Weisman

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available With an apparent increase of harmful algal blooms (HABs worldwide,healthcare providers, public health personnel and coastal managers are struggling toprovide scientifically-based appropriately-targeted HAB outreach and education. Since1998, the Florida Poison Information Center-Miami, with its 24 hour/365 day/year freeAquatic Toxins Hotline (1-888-232-8635 available in several languages, has received over 25,000 HAB-related calls. As part of HAB surveillance, all possible cases of HAB-relatedillness among callers are reported to the Florida Health Department. This pilot studyevaluated an automated call processing menu system that allows callers to access bilingualHAB information, and to speak directly with a trained Poison Information Specialist. Themajority (68% of callers reported satisfaction with the information, and many provided specific suggestions for improvement. This pilot study, the first known evaluation of use and satisfaction with HAB educational outreach materials, demonstrated that the automated system provided useful HAB-related information for the majority of callers, and decreased the routine informational call workload for the Poison Information Specialists, allowing them to focus on callers needing immediate assistance and their healthcare providers. These results will lead to improvement of this valuable HAB outreach, education and surveillance tool. Formal evaluation is recommended for future HAB outreach and educational materials.

  10. A Psychodynamic Psychologist in Community Psychiatry: 14 Years of Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tânia Roquette

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to critically review the role of a psychodynamic psychologist integrated in a community outpatient clinic of a Psychiatric Department. It describes the characteristics of a psychodynamic intervention that is complementary to the psychiatric approach while sharing a common goal –the suffering patient – and enhancing the knowledge and understanding of several domains like psychopathology, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation and integration. Furthermore it describes how the use of Psychological Assessment led to the formulation of specific individual psychotherapies, spanning 14 years of clinical practice. The paper concludes with some considerations regarding the integration of Psychodynamic Psychology in a multidisciplinary mental health team, addressing issues such as the boundaries between technical characteristics, the appropriateness of language to other disciplines and psychodynamic implications of the different features of this clinical setting.

  11. Toward Defining, Measuring, and Evaluating LGBT Cultural Competence for Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boroughs, Michael S.; Andres Bedoya, C.; O'Cleirigh, Conall; Safren, Steven A.

    2015-01-01

    A central part of providing evidence-based practice is appropriate cultural competence to facilitate psychological assessment and intervention with diverse clients. At a minimum, cultural competence with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people involves adequate scientific and supervised practical training, with increasing depth and complexity across training levels. In order to further this goal, we offer 28 recommendations of minimum standards moving toward ideal training for LGBT-specific cultural competence. We review and synthesize the relevant literature to achieve and assess competence across the various levels of training (doctoral, internship, post-doctoral, and beyond) in order to guide the field towards best practices. These recommendations are aligned with educational and practice guidelines set forth by the field and informed by other allied professions in order to provide a roadmap for programs, faculty, and trainees in improving the training of psychologists to work with LGBT individuals. PMID:26279609

  12. Functional roles and foundational characteristics of psychologists in integrated primary care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nash, Justin M; McKay, Kevin M; Vogel, Mark E; Masters, Kevin S

    2012-03-01

    Psychologists are presented with unprecedented opportunities to integrate their work in primary care settings. Although some roles of psychologists in primary care overlap with those in traditional psychology practice settings, a number are distinct reflecting the uniqueness of the primary care culture. In this paper, we first describe the integrated primary care setting, with a focus on those settings that have components of patient centered medical home. We then describe functional roles and foundational characteristics of psychologists in integrated primary care. The description of functional roles emphasizes the diversity of roles performed. The foundational characteristics identified are those that we consider the 'primary care ethic,' or core characteristics of psychologists that serve as the basis for the various functional roles in integrated primary care. The 'primary care ethic' includes attitudes, values, knowledge, and abilities that are essential to the psychologist being a valued, effective, and productive primary care team member.

  13. Benjamin Franklin and the dentist: the story of R. C. Skinner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ring, Malvin

    2006-01-01

    Among Benjamin Franklin's papers was a letter from a young British immigrant, R. C. Skinner, asking for a loan of only twenty dollars to help this young man begin the practice of dentistry in this country. Although we don't know what the great man's response was to this appeal, Skinner went on to achieve fame in his profession. He was the first dentist ever, in this country, to be appointed to a hospital staff; he established the first free dental clinic for the poor; and he authored the first book on dentistry ever published in America, earning him the title "The Father of American Dental Literature." From a newspaper advertisement of 1794, further information has been gleaned about Skinner's practice: he not only did conventional dentistry, but also supplied missing eyes, ears, noses and legs. This was a forerunner of the contemporary subspecialty of prosthodontics termed "maxillofacial prosthetics". An interesting list of Skinner's services and his fees for each, gives us a good picture of what dentistry was like in Colonial America.

  14. Balloon Measurements of Electric Fields in Thunderstorms: A Modern Version of Benjamin Franklin's Kite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, T. C.; Stolzenburg, M.

    2006-12-01

    One of Benjamin Franklin's most famous experiments was the kite experiment, which showed that thunderstorms are electrically charged. It is not as commonly noted that the kite experiment was also one of the the first attempts to make an in situ measurement of any storm parameter. Franklin realized the importance of making measurements close to and within storms, and this realization has been shared by later atomspheric scientists. In this presentation we focus on a modern version of Franklin's kite--instrumented balloons--used for in situ measurements of electric field and other storm parameters. In particular, most of our knowledge of the charge structure inside thunderstorms is based on balloon soundings of electric field. Balloon measurements of storm electricity began with the work of Simpson and colleagues in the 1930's and 1940's. The next major instrumentation advances were made by Winn and colleagues in the 1970's and 1980's. Today's instruments are digital versions of the Winn design. We review the main instrument techniques that have allowed balloons to be the worthy successors to kites. We also discuss some of the key advances in our understanding of thunderstorm electrification made with in situ balloon-borne instruments.

  15. TU-A-17A-01: Memorial to Benjamin M. Galkin - Memorial Lecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suntharalingam, N [Voorhees, NJ (United States)

    2014-06-15

    This past year Medical Physics lost one of its active members, Benjamin M. Galkin. Ben Galkin was a Past-Treasurer of the AAPM. During his leadership role he played an important part in Securing membership, for the AAPM, in the American Institute of physics. As Treasurer he was also a prime mover in starting the journal, Medical Physics, and served as its business manager in the formative years.Ben Galkin received his Masters Degree at Columbia University in New York, under the mentorship of Dr. Edith Quimby, one of the pioneer Hospital Radiation Physicists in the country. He started his professional career at Jefferson Hospital in Philadelphia, joining Robert Gorson, and remained there until retirement. He served as the institution’s Radiation Safety Officer throughout his career. His research interest was Breast Imaging. He held joint faculty appointments in the Department of Radiology and the Department of Radiation Therapy and Nuclear Medicine, rising up to the rank of Full professor. He was a well respected teacher for the residents in Radiology.

  16. Benjamin Franklin and his glass armonica: from music as therapeutic to pathological.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Stanley; Zeitler, William

    2015-01-01

    In 1762, Benjamin Franklin, then in London, wrote a letter to a colleague in Italy describing his latest invention, a musical instrument he called the "armonica," which was based on how rubbing a wet finger on the rims of wine glasses could produce musical tones. In contrast to earlier sets of wine glasses that could be tapped or rubbed, Franklin put a set of glass bowls differing in size on a horizontal rod turned by a food treadle, thus freeing both hands for touching the rotating glasses and allowing musicians to play more than two glasses at a time, as well as eliminating the nuisance of water tuning. Franklin played his instrument for pleasure, to manipulate the "passions" (emotions) and to treat melancholia. Nevertheless, late in his lifetime some individuals began to view glass armonica music differently, alleging it could cause nerve damage and mental problems. Here, we look at how Franklin used his glass armonica to manipulate the passions and examine what he must have thought about it supposedly causing health problems. We present Franklin as an empiricist, whose focus was more on results than theories; as an astute student of human behavior understanding the power of charms and other "nonsense"; and as a man of medicine living in an era when much was being attributed to the nerves, even though next to nothing was really known about the underlying nerve force. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Benjamin and Russian Conservatism%本雅明与俄国保守主义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢文雅

    2015-01-01

    本雅明对俄国的关注主要表现在两个方面,一是对俄国经典作家作品的阅读和评论,二是通过访问莫斯科,对革命烈火中的苏联的认识。其间他与俄国保守主义不期而遇,并在著述中给予这种倾向以暧昧的批评,这在一定程度上也反映了他深刻而复杂的艺术观与历史观。%Benjamin'attention to Russia is mainly manifested in two aspects.One is his reading of Russian classic writers and his comments on them, and the other is his understanding of Soviet in the wake of the revolution by visiting Moscow.In the meanwhile he got acquainted with Russian Conservatism by chance and gave this trend an ambiguous criticism, which in part reflected his profound and complicated views of art and history.

  18. Looking back, looking forward: a reexamination of Benjamin Wolstein's interlock and the emergence of intersubjectivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonovitz, Christopher

    2009-06-01

    In this paper the author takes a close look at Benjamin Wolstein's chapter, 'Therapy', from his book, Countertransference, published in 1959. This chapter contains a discussion of what he refers to as the interlock between analyst and patient, or today what we might describe as transference/countertransference enactment. The author shows how Wolstein's concept of the interlock and its relation to the analyst's countertransference was radical and innovative for its time. Wolstein's notion of a transference/countertransference interlock, along with the seminal contributions of Ferenczi and some of the early interpersonal theorists, anticipates the complexities of a two-person psychology and the entanglement which can occur from the intermingling of unconscious processes of analyst and patient in the experiential field. The author highlights three main ideas. First, the author provides a brief review of enactment with an emphasis on the role of the analyst's participation as conceptualized by the various theoretical perspectives. An historical context is given for Wolstein's clinical theorizing. Second, the author explicates Wolstein's concept of the interlock, with particular attention to the processes involved which account for the complexities it presents. Third, the author examines the 'working through' process, including the emergence of intersubjectivity in the resolution of the interlock. The author shows throughout Wolstein's emphasis on the influence of the analyst's personal psychology, mutuality, and intersubjectivity, all of which anticipated the gradual interpersonalization of psychoanalysis across the various schools of thought.

  19. Eurydice at Euston?: Walter Benjamin and Marc Augé Go Underground

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graeme Gilloch

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Taking as its point of departure Walter Benjamin’s repeatedly unsuccessful attempt to give spatial form to his past, this paper suggests that it is perhaps the contemporary French anthropologist, Marc Augé, who provides the most appropriate envisioning of a ‘map of memories’ in his brief writings on the Parisian métro system. For Augé, the labyrinthine subway network constitutes nothing less than a ‘memory machine’ in which lines and station names serve as mnemonics, recalling long-forgotten childhood encounters and experiences. Mirroring the cityscape above, places themselves unexplored, unknown, the serried toponyms of the métro become an incantation summoning forth the shades of the past. As Augé points out, those stations that provide opportunities to change lines are felicitously termed ‘correspondences’, a Baudelairean term that fascinated Benjamin and informed his key historiographical notion of the ‘dialectical image,’ the intersection and mutual illumination of past and present moments. For me, Augé’s highly suggestive reflections bring to mind my own memories of a London childhood around 1970. Looking at the London underground map today, I cannot but see the sites of many past meetings and partings, dots connected by lines forming complex figures, constellations of memory.

  20. Persona-lly Appealing: Benjamin Franklin’s Poor Richard and Authorial Self-Representation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia F. Tarantello

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available While scholarship on Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography describes his use of persona in nuanced terms, scholarship on Franklin’s earlier writings tends to characterize his use of persona as simply a device he used to eliminate personal details from his texts. This article, focused on Franklin’s Poor Richard persona, argues that he conceived of literary persona not simply as a tool to protect his anonymity, but also as a means of self-promotion and self-representation. Franklin used Poor Richard to make a space for himself in the literary marketplace, build a readership for the almanac, and create a positive public reputation for himself. Franklin’s early experiments in performing sincerity and authenticity through an invented personality prefigure the performances of identity he would deploy through his authorial persona in The Autobiography. Thus, by examining Franklin’s construction of identity in Poor Richard’s Almanack, we learn more about how he crafted a public identity for himself.

  1. As siglas em cores no Trabalho das passagens, de W. Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willi Bolle

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available Do que era para ser seu opus magnum, o Trabalho das passagens, concebido como uma história social da cidade de Paris no século XIX, W. Benjamin elaborou em 1938 um modelo, que ficou inacabado, mas do qual existe um plano de construção integral, reencontrado em 1981 na Bibliothèque Nationale da França. Com base no deciframento desses manuscritos, 80% inéditos, é apresentada aqui uma síntese do Modelo das passagens, em forma de uma constelação das 30 siglas em cores que simbolizam as 30 categorias construtivas. O trabalho se baseia na hipótese de que se trata de uma escrita esotérica com valores estéticos, semânticos e estruturadores próprios: recurso mimético destinado a ler o texto difícil da metrópole moderna. As siglas são analisadas sob sete aspectos: oficina de historiografia, escrita fisiognômica, visualização do tempo, história como cartografia, quadros de mentalidade, alegorização e radiografia de época. Atuando na intersecção entre tradições conceituais e pictográficas, as siglas constituem na historiografia um gênero de fronteira.

  2. Representation and function of characters from Greek antiquity in Benjamin Britten’s Death in Venice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Spies

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Lack of insight into Greek antiquity, more specifically the nature of classical tragedy and mythology, could be one reason for the negative reception of Benjamin Britten’s last opera Death in Venice. In the first place, this article considers Britten’s opera based on Thomas Mann’s novella as a manifestation of classical tragedy. Secondly, it is shown how mythological characters in Mann’s novella represent abstract ideas2 in Britten’s opera, thereby enhancing the dramatic impact of the opera considerably. On the one hand it is shown how the artist’s inner conflict manifests itself in a dialectic relationship between discipline and inspirat ion in Plato’s Phaedrus dialogue that forms the basis of Aschenbach’s monologue at the end of the opera. The conflict between Aschenbach’s rational consciousness and his irrational subconscious, on the other hand, is depicted by means of mythological figures, Apollo and Dionysus. Two focal points in the opera, namely the Games of Apollo at the end of Act 1 and the nightmare scene which forms the climax of the opera in Act 2, are used to illustrate the musical manifestation of this conflict.

  3. Beyond the Mohawk Warrior: Reinterpreting Benjamin West’s Evocations of American Indians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia A. Sienkewicz

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This essay offers a reinterpretation of the narratives in John Galt’s 'The Life and Studies of Benjamin West' (1816 that introduce the artist’s encounters with, or evocations of, American Indians. This study grapples, in particular, with the iconic status of the narrative in which the young artist, newly arrived in Rome from the British Colony of Pennsylvania, is said to have exclaimed ‘My God, how like it is to a young Mohawk warrior!’ when he first encountered the 'Apollo Belvidere'. It questions whether West actually did liken the 'Apollo Belvidere ' to a Mohawk warrior in 1760, and instead resituates the narrative within concerns of transatlantic audience and international politics in 1816. Rather than the naïve exclamation of a provincial visitor to a European metropolis, this article contends that West’s remark, at least as retold within Galt’s narrative, was the calculated reflection of a cosmopolitan intellectual on matters of intercultural and transatlantic concern.

  4. Taktile Rezeption und lebensweltliche Umsicht. Film und Stadterfahrung bei Benjamin und Heidegger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Ferencz-Flatz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In his famous essay, The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, Walter Benjamin compares the daily experience of buildings with the perception of films. His comparison relies on the peculiar concept of “tactile reception“, he opposes to the optically oriented traditional attitude towards art. The concept encompasses two essential traits: on the one hand, it designates the fact that films do not require a contemplative, focused attention, but a habitual, distracted approach, similar to that by which we perceive buildings in our everyday life-world. On the other hand, Benjamin’sconcept points to a particular “chock-effect” produced by cinematic experience, through its constant change of perspectives and points of view. By this, it challenges precisely the same form of ambient perception required in numerous situations of our daily life in the modern city. The two determinations sketch out a unitary concept that shows obvious similarities to the phenomenological idea of a “life-worldly circumspection” (Umsicht, a specific manner of sight guiding everyday practical life.

  5. Chlorophyll Blooms in the Oligotropic Gyres: Ocean oases?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, C.; Maximenko, N.

    2005-12-01

    Ocean color images from the SeaWiFS satellite have revealed that large blooms of chlorophyll sometimes develop in late summer northeast of Hawaii in the oligotrophic Pacific. While these blooms are a recurrent feature, appearing almost every year, their existence was only recently discovered from satellite imagery of ocean color. They have been observed in 11 of 16 years of satellite ocean color data (CZCS, OCTS and SeaWiFS), can last up to 4-5 months, and can get as big as the state of California. Since the blooms have never been purposely sampled, it remains uncertain what species they are composed of, what mechanisms supply nutrients to support the elevated biomass, and what their impacts are on higher trophic levels. However, conventional scenarios of upwelled nutrients or enhanced mixing deepening the mixed layer into the nutricline do not seem to be operable. Instead, research has suggested that the source of new nutrients is biologically mediated, either by nitrogen fixing organisms, or by the vertical migration of diatom mats below the nutricline. Physical dynamics affect the blooms on a basin-wide scale. The blooms only appear in the eastern gyre of the Pacific, a closed anticyclonic gyre that has enhanced convergence relative to the rest of the Pacific, suggesting that blooms develop in part from a large-scale aggregation of the buoyant organisms proposed to be associated with them. While these proposed biological and physical dynamics are speculative, if similar blooms appear in other oceans, analysis of the common features of their physical environments will help to better pinpoint the physical forcings involved. Analysis of the global fields of SeaWiFS satellite chlorophyll shows that while not nearly as common as in the North Pacific, potentially similar blooms occur in the North and South Atlantic, and the North Indian Oceans, but not in the S. Pacific. However, unlike in the N. Pacific, these blooms are not always associated with strong convergence

  6. Improving Bloom Filter Performance on Sequence Data Using k-mer Bloom Filters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellow, David; Filippova, Darya; Kingsford, Carl

    2017-06-01

    Using a sequence's k-mer content rather than the full sequence directly has enabled significant performance improvements in several sequencing applications, such as metagenomic species identification, estimation of transcript abundances, and alignment-free comparison of sequencing data. As k-mer sets often reach hundreds of millions of elements, traditional data structures are often impractical for k-mer set storage, and Bloom filters (BFs) and their variants are used instead. BFs reduce the memory footprint required to store millions of k-mers while allowing for fast set containment queries, at the cost of a low false positive rate (FPR). We show that, because k-mers are derived from sequencing reads, the information about k-mer overlap in the original sequence can be used to reduce the FPR up to 30 × with little or no additional memory and with set containment queries that are only 1.3 - 1.6 times slower. Alternatively, we can leverage k-mer overlap information to store k-mer sets in about half the space while maintaining the original FPR. We consider several variants of such k-mer Bloom filters (kBFs), derive theoretical upper bounds for their FPR, and discuss their range of applications and limitations.

  7. Physical and biological data collected along the Texas, Mississippi, and Florida Gulf coasts in the Gulf of Mexico as part of the Harmful Algal BloomS Observing System from 19 Aug 1953 to 11 July 2014 (NODC Accession 0120767)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — HABSOS (Harmful Algal BloomS Observing System) is a data collection and distribution system for harmful algal bloom (HAB) information in the Gulf of Mexico. The goal...

  8. 42 CFR 405.2452 - Services and supplies incident to clinical psychologist and clinical social worker services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... psychologist and clinical social worker services. 405.2452 Section 405.2452 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE... Qualified Health Center Services § 405.2452 Services and supplies incident to clinical psychologist and clinical social worker services. (a) Services and supplies incident to a clinical psychologist's...

  9. 20 CFR 220.59 - Requesting examination by a specific physician, psychologist or institution-hearings officer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... physician, psychologist or institution-hearings officer hearing level. 220.59 Section 220.59 Employees... Consultative Examinations § 220.59 Requesting examination by a specific physician, psychologist or institution... examination by a particular physician, psychologist or institution. Some examples include the following:...

  10. Harmful Freshwater Algal Blooms, With an Emphasis on Cyanobacteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans W. Paerl

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Suspended algae, or phytoplankton, are the prime source of organic matter supporting food webs in freshwater ecosystems. Phytoplankton productivity is reliant on adequate nutrient supplies; however, increasing rates of nutrient supply, much of it manmade, fuels accelerating primary production or eutrophication. An obvious and problematic symptom of eutrophication is rapid growth and accumulations of phytoplankton, leading to discoloration of affected waters. These events are termed blooms. Blooms are a prime agent of water quality deterioration, including foul odors and tastes, deoxygenation of bottom waters (hypoxia and anoxia, toxicity, fish kills, and food web alterations. Toxins produced by blooms can adversely affect animal (including human health in waters used for recreational and drinking purposes. Numerous freshwater genera within the diverse phyla comprising the phytoplankton are capable of forming blooms; however, the blue-green algae (or cyanobacteria are the most notorious bloom formers. This is especially true for harmful toxic, surface-dwelling, scum-forming genera (e.g., Anabaena, Aphanizomenon, Nodularia, Microcystis and some subsurface bloom-formers (Cylindrospermopsis, Oscillatoria that are adept at exploiting nutrient-enriched conditions. They thrive in highly productive waters by being able to rapidly migrate between radiance-rich surface waters and nutrient-rich bottom waters. Furthermore, many harmful species are tolerant of extreme environmental conditions, including very high light levels, high temperatures, various degrees of desiccation, and periodic nutrient deprivation. Some of the most noxious cyanobacterial bloom genera (e.g., Anabaena, Aphanizomenon, Cylindrospermopsis, Nodularia are capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen (N2, enabling them to periodically dominate under nitrogen-limited conditions. Cyanobacteria produce a range of organic compounds, including those that are toxic to higher-ranked consumers, from

  11. Optical detection of Prorocentrum donghaiense blooms based on multispectral reflectance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAO Bangyi; PAN Delu; MAO Zhihua; SHEN Yuzhang; ZHU Qiankun; CHEN Jianyu

    2013-01-01

    Prorocentrum donghaiense is one of the most common red tide causative dinoflagellates in the Changjiang (Yangtze) River Estuary and the adjacent area of the East China Sea. It causes large-scale blooms in late spring and early summer that lead to widespread ecologic and economic damage. A means for distinguish-ing dinoflagellate blooms from diatom (Skeletonema costatum) blooms is desired. On the basis of measure-ments of remote sensing reflectance [Rrs(λ)] and inherent optical parameters, the potential of using a mul-tispectral approach is assessed for discriminating the algal blooms due to P. donghaiense from those due to S. costatum. The behavior of two reflectance ratios [R1 =Rrs(560)/Rrs(532) and R2 =Rrs(708)/Rrs(665)], suggests that differentiation of P. donghaiense blooms from diatom bloom types is possible from the current band setup of ocean color sensors. It is found that there are two reflectance ratio regimes that indicate a bloom is dominated by P. donghaiense: (1) R1 >1.55 and R2 1.75 and R2 ?1.0. Various sensitivity analyses are conducted to investigate the effects of the variation in varying levels of chlorophyll concentration and colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) as well as changes in the backscattering ratio (bbp/bp) on the efficacy of this multispectral approach. Results indicate that the intensity and inherent op-tical properties of the algal species explain much of the behavior of the two ratios. Although backscattering influences the amplitude of Rrs(λ), especially in the 530 and 560 nm bands, the discrimination between P. donghaiense and diatoms is not significantly affected by the variation of bbp/bp. Since a CDOM(440) in coastal areas of the ECS is typically lower than 1.0 m−1 in most situations, the presence of CDOM does not interfere with this discrimination, even as SCDOM varies from 0.01 to 0.026 nm−1. Despite all of these effects, the dis-crimination of P. donghaiense blooms from diatom blooms based on multispectral

  12. Climbing Bloom's taxonomy pyramid: Lessons from a graduate histology course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaidi, Nikki B; Hwang, Charles; Scott, Sara; Stallard, Stefanie; Purkiss, Joel; Hortsch, Michael

    2017-02-23

    Bloom's taxonomy was adopted to create a subject-specific scoring tool for histology multiple-choice questions (MCQs). This Bloom's Taxonomy Histology Tool (BTHT) was used to analyze teacher- and student-generated quiz and examination questions from a graduate level histology course. Multiple-choice questions using histological images were generally assigned a higher BTHT level than simple text questions. The type of microscopy technique (light or electron microscopy) used for these image-based questions did not result in any significant differences in their Bloom's taxonomy scores. The BTHT levels for teacher-generated MCQs correlated positively with higher discrimination indices and inversely with the percent of students answering these questions correctly (difficulty index), suggesting that higher-level Bloom's taxonomy questions differentiate well between higher- and lower-performing students. When examining BTHT scores for MCQs that were written by students in a Multiple-Choice Item Development Assignment (MCIDA) there was no significant correlation between these scores and the students' ability to answer teacher-generated MCQs. This suggests that the ability to answer histology MCQs relies on a different skill set than the aptitude to construct higher-level Bloom's taxonomy questions. However, students significantly improved their average BTHT scores from the midterm to the final MCIDA task, which indicates that practice, experience and feedback increased their MCQ writing proficiency. Anat Sci Educ. © 2017 American Association of Anatomists.

  13. Thermal blooming on laser propagation in an aspirating pipe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Fuyin; Wang, Jihong; Ren, Ge; Tan, Yufeng; Zhu, Nengbing; Ai, Zhiwei

    2016-10-01

    Thermal blooming effect of gas on laser propagation can seriously degrade performance of far-field beam quality and energy distribution. Numerical simulation is carried out to study the influences of thermal blooming on laser propagation in line pipes. A physical model of thermal blooming effect of gas on laser propagation in an aspirating pipe is established. Axial flow and suction in the outlet are used to attenuate the thermal blooming effect. Based on the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software, stable calculation of flow field is carried out first, then the optical field and the fluent field is coupling calculated by means of user defined function (UDF). The results show that radial flow is enhanced in the aspirating pipe and the index of refraction gradient caused by thermal blooming effect is decreased. It is indicated that the beam quality of the outlet is improved compared with the pipe model without aspirating. The optical path difference (OPD) distribution of the outlet is analyzed and decomposed by Zernike polynomials. It is shown that the defocus item of 4m aspirating pipe is decreased more than an order of magnitude compared with the 4m pipe without aspirating.

  14. Toxicity of harmful cyanobacterial blooms to bream and roach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinchet, Isabelle; Cadel-Six, Sabrina; Djediat, Chakib; Marie, Benjamin; Bernard, Cécile; Puiseux-Dao, Simone; Krys, Sophie; Edery, Marc

    2013-09-01

    Aquatic ecosystems are facing increasing environmental pressures, leading to an increasing frequency of cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms (cHABs) that have emerged as a worldwide concern due to their growing frequency and their potential toxicity to the fauna that threatens the functioning of ecosystems. Cyanobacterial blooms raise concerns due to the fact that several strains produce potent bioactive or toxic secondary metabolites, such as the microcystins (MCs), which are hepatotoxic to vertebrates. These strains of cyanobacteria may be potentially toxic to fish via gastrointestinal ingestion and also by direct absorption of the toxin MC from the water. The purpose of our study was to investigate toxic effects observed in fish taken from several lakes in the Ile-de-France region, where MCs-producing blooms occur. This study comprises histological studies and the measurement of MC concentrations in various organs. The histological findings are similar to those obtained following laboratory exposure of medaka fish to MCs: hepatic lesions predominate and include cell lysis and cell detachment. MC concentrations in the organs revealed that accumulation was particularly high in the digestive tract and the liver, which are known to be classical targets of MCs. In contrast concentrations were very low in the muscles. Differences in the accumulation of MC variants produced by blooms indicate that in order to more precisely evaluate the toxic potential of a specific bloom it is necessary not only to consider the concentration of toxins, but also the variants produced.

  15. Psychologists' views of inter-disciplinary psychosocial communication within the cancer care team.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thewes, B; Butow, P; Davis, E; Turner, J; Mason, C

    2014-12-01

    Little is known about how psychologists working in cancer care centres communicate clinical information to other members of the multidisciplinary team or what information is communicated. This study surveyed Australian cancer care psychologists regarding their communication practices and their views on barriers to and facilitators of effective inter-disciplinary communication. Psychologists were invited to complete an online survey containing purpose-designed items that addressed study aims. Forty-four psychologists completed the survey. Psychologists' most common method of recording initial consultations was in patient medical records, with 69 % of respondents recording notes in either most of the time or all of the time. Twenty-two percent of psychologists said they did not regularly feedback the results of an initial assessment to a referrer and more than 40 % used verbal and e-mail communication to do so. This study provides data that will assist in the development of guidelines for inter-professional communication between psychologists and other members of the cancer care team.

  16. Notas sobre Siegfried Kracauer, Walter Benjamin e a Paris do Segundo Império: pontos de contato Notes on Siegfried Kracauer, Walter Benjamin and Second Empire Paris: affinity points

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Jordão Machado

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de mostrar a originalidade crítica de Siegfried Kracauer diante da experiência da modernidade estética e de discutir as afinidades estético-teóricas de Kracauer e Benjamim ao analisar a Paris da segunda metade do século XIX, o Segundo Império, em particular, como fenômeno originário da sociedade de massas, da indústria cultural e do entretenimento e, sobretudo, do nazi-fascismo. Kracauer durante seu exílio parisiense (1933-41 escreveu uma "biografia da sociedade": Jacques Offenbach e a Paris de sua época (Jacques Offenbach und das Paris seiner Zeit. Obra inovadora pelo seu enfoque da história do presente e com pontos de contatos com a Obra das Passagens (Passagen-Werk ou Paris capital do século XIX de Walter Benjamin.I present Kracauer's original critical analysis of aesthetic modernity, and discuss the theoretical and aesthetic affinities between Kracauer and Walter Benjamin in their analyses of Paris during the second half of the Twentieth Century; the Second Empire as the original embodiment of mass society, with its cultural and entertaining industries; and, above all, the emergence of fascism and National Socialism. During his Parisian exile (1933-1941, Kracauer wrote a "social biography": Orpheus in Paris: Offenbach and the Paris of His Time (New York, 1938, an innovative work with many affinity points with Walter Benjamin's The Work of the Arcades, or Paris as the Capital of the XIXth Century.

  17. Exploring the role of the industrial-organisational psychologist as counsellor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanri Barkhuizen

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Industrial-organisational (I-O psychologists are often confronted with counselling interventions in the workplace and thus it is vital that they are effectively prepared for their role as workplace counsellors.Research purpose: The aim of this study was to review the role of I-O psychologists as counsellors and to ascertain whether these practitioners are effectively prepared for this purpose.Motivation for the study: I-O psychologists are mainly concerned with the deep-rooted problems individuals experience in the workplace, and they therefore need appropriate counselling skills. However, it is not clear whether graduates in this discipline receive adequate training for this role.Research design, approach and method: A qualitative research design with convenience and snowball sampling of 22 participants was utilised. Participants were practising I-O psychologists across Gauteng and North West (South Africa. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were used to gather data, which were transcribed verbatim and analysed using content analysis.Main findings: Participants were familiar with the meaning of counselling and confirmed that they are faced with a range of counselling situations requiring a unique set of skills and competencies. Based on these findings, participants made recommendations for the future training of I-O psychologists and recommended that counselling be included in the scope of practice of I-O psychologists.Practical/managerial implications: The role of the I-O psychologist requires training in short-term therapeutic techniques and counselling in tertiary education.Contribution/value-add: The study clarifies the role of the I-O psychologist as a counsellor that will ensure that I-O psychologists can be trained more effectively for this role.

  18. Ethical issues in the professional work of psychologists: state of affairs in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Zupan

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research was to determine the state of affairs regarding professional ethics of Slovene psychologists, particularly regarding the implementation of ethical principles and psychologists' and students' knowledge of ethics and procedures in the cases of ethical dilemmas and violations. Two dedicated questionnaires were designed by the authors. 800 Slovene psychologists received the questionnaire and 150 of them responded. There were also 56 psychology students involved in the study. The results show some problematic issues such as: record keeping, exceptions of confidentiality, access to personal data, the content of informed consent, incompetence, copying of literature and diagnostic instruments – even not standardised ones, psychology students as subjects in psychological research, and lack of information on ethical aspects of students' practical work. Psychologists and students reported inadequate knowledge of professional ethics and suggested various kinds of ethical education. Institutions mostly enable psychologists to work within the Code of ethics. There are, however, conflicts regarding access to data and professional autonomy. Psychologists report conflicts between law and ethics, incorrect reports in media and lack of control over professional ethics. In the case of ethical violation psychologists do less than they should. They emphasise the problem of incompetence. The frequency and seriousness of certain violation were estimated. Ways of verifying knowledge, stimulating ethical conduct and taking different measures in the case of violations were suggested. The state of affairs in different working environments of psychologists was also described. Results show that psychologist who have worked in the field for a shorter period answer more frequently contrary to the Code of Ethics. Students' knowledge of ethics is mostly very satisfactory. The study emphasises the ethical aspects of psychological practice in Slovenia. It

  19. Exploring the role of the industrial-organisational psychologist as counsellor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanri Barkhuizen

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Industrial-organisational (I-O psychologists are often confronted with counselling interventions in the workplace and thus it is vital that they are effectively prepared for their role as workplace counsellors. Research purpose: The aim of this study was to review the role of I-O psychologists as counsellors and to ascertain whether these practitioners are effectively prepared for this purpose. Motivation for the study: I-O psychologists are mainly concerned with the deep-rooted problems individuals experience in the workplace, and they therefore need appropriate counselling skills. However, it is not clear whether graduates in this discipline receive adequate training for this role. Research design, approach and method: A qualitative research design with convenience and snowball sampling of 22 participants was utilised. Participants were practising I-O psychologists across Gauteng and North West (South Africa. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were used to gather data, which were transcribed verbatim and analysed using content analysis. Main findings: Participants were familiar with the meaning of counselling and confirmed that they are faced with a range of counselling situations requiring a unique set of skills and competencies. Based on these findings, participants made recommendations for the future training of I-O psychologists and recommended that counselling be included in the scope of practice of I-O psychologists. Practical/managerial implications: The role of the I-O psychologist requires training in short-term therapeutic techniques and counselling in tertiary education. Contribution/value-add: The study clarifies the role of the I-O psychologist as a counsellor that will ensure that I-O psychologists can be trained more effectively for this role.

  20. De Lessing a Benjamin: la otra Ilustración (Experiencia e individuo I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreu, Agustín

    1991-10-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    G.E. Lessing, con su lanzamiento de un espinosismo de corte leibníziano, intentó ofrecer a la Ilustración alemana un planteamiento que, desde el sentimiento y la historia, desde la tradición y la religiosidad, indicaba en continuidad caminos concretos de emancipación y de entendimiento universal. Tanto en sus obras teatrales (principalmente en Natán el Sabio como en sus breves escritos teóricos (en particular en la educación del género humano se plantea el tema de la transformación de las sociedades por la transformación de los individuos, basada en la experiencia propia de cada uno, que va convirtiendo verdades de la tradición y la religión en verdades de razón. Ya Lessing, que vio y calló, pero sobre todo Mendelssohn y Salomón Maimon entre otros, advirtieron que los presupuestos de la antropología kantiana imprimían a la vida e historia alemanas otra dirección -al dividir al hombre en intuición sensible y razón, y al fundamentar la Ética en la postulación abstracta. Gershom Scholem que, de los orígenes de la Alemania moderna supo recoger ese temblor de una predicción temprana, recibió en 1918 de manos del mismo Walter Benjamin uno de los escritos más lúcidos del s, XX por lo que hace a la crítica de la insuficiente Ilustración alemana «y tal vez de la europea en general». Tal insuficiencia se revelaba sobre todo en la estrechez del concepto kantiano de experiencia, que dejaba al individuo flotando en el vacío. Un individuo basado en una clase de certeza y seguridad indirectas y mediatas, quedaba expuesto a todos los peligros de interferencia y mecanización y acabaría privado de su capacidad de experiencia propia y por tanto de saber y de contar lo que «verdaderamente» le pasa. Sobre el programa de la filosofía futura es el esbozo donde Benjamin presenta los presupuestos de una emendatio experientiae como fundamento de una nueva teoría del conocimiento y de

  1. Modeling the Climate Response of the Laki Eruption - Benjamin Franklin was Right

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oman, L.; Robock, A.; Stenchikov, G. L.; Thordarson, T.

    2006-12-01

    Benjamin Franklin was one of the first to recognize the connections between volcanic eruptions and climate. Shortly after the 1783-1784 Laki eruption, he postulated that the dry fog over much of Europe was likely caused by a volcanic eruption in Iceland, that the winds would have transported the gas and aerosol over much of the Northern Hemisphere, and that the cold winter of 1783-84 was caused by this dry fog. We used the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE climate model to examine the chemical conversion and transport of SO2 gas from the Laki eruption (64.10°N, 17.15°W) and used the resulting aerosol concentrations to model the climate response. Using our calculated aerosol distribution, we conducted a 10-member ensemble simulation with ModelE coupled to a q-flux mixed-layer ocean. The mean of these runs reproduced the extensive radiative cooling (-1 to -3°C) that occurred during the summer of 1783 across much of Asia, Canada, and Alaska and produced a strong dynamical effect in summer as the Laki eruption forces a significant weakening of the African and India monsoon circulations. This is seen in cloud cover and precipitation anomalies and resulted in significant warming (1 to 2°C) from the Sahel of Africa to northern India. This is a very robust result and has been observed after the last 3 large high-latitude volcanic eruptions, Eldgjá (939), Katmai (1912), and Laki, all of which produced large reductions in the flow of the Nile River. In the winter of 1783-1784 our model reproduced the significant negative temperature anomalies over the Northeastern United States, and smaller cooling produced over Europe. That winter was one of the coldest on record over these areas and our model results confirm that Laki could have been partially responsible for these anomalies.

  2. When psychologists work with religious clients: applications of the general principles of ethical conduct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarhouse, M A; VanOrman, B T

    1999-12-01

    Psychologists become more effective and relevant when they appreciate that many clients hold religious values and commitments. Greater awareness of religion and religious values in the lives of clients may aid clinicians' efforts to provide more accurate assessments and effective treatment plans. The authors use the American Psychological Association's (1992) "Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct" as a framework to examine many of the ethical issues relevant when psychologists work with religious clients. This article also provides suggestions for ways in which clinicians may obtain the skills needed to offer competent assessments and interventions with religiously committed clients.

  3. Good practice guidelines for clinical psychologists working in paediatric cochlear implant teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bathgate, Fionna; Bennett, Emily; Cropper, Jenny; Edwards, Lindsey; Emond, Alice; Gamble, Caroline; Kentish, Rosie; Samuel, Victoria

    2013-11-01

    There are relatively few clinical psychologists working in paediatric cochlear implant centres in the UK and in this respect we lag behind other countries such as the USA and The Netherlands. In an effort to promote the added value our profession can offer teams, the clinical psychologists working in paediatric CI centres have put together good practice guidelines. This article outlines the rationale for putting together the guidelines, highlights the unique contribution clinical psychologists can offer, outlines the evidence base for psychological input in this clinical population, and offers a fictional case study for illustration.

  4. Implementing the Five-A Model of Technical Refinement: Key Roles of the Sport Psychologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, Howie J; Collins, Dave

    2016-10-01

    There is increasing evidence for the significant contribution provided by sport psychologists within applied coaching environments. However, this rarely considers their skills/knowledge being applied when refining athletes' already learned and well-established motor skills. Therefore, this article focuses on how a sport psychologist might assist a coach and athlete to implement long-term permanent and pressure proof refinements. It highlights key contributions at each stage of the Five-A model-designed to deliver these important outcomes-providing both psychomotor and psychosocial input to the support delivery. By employing these recommendations, sport psychologists can make multiple positive contributions to completion of this challenging task.

  5. Jung as psychologist of religion and Jung as philosopher of religion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Robert A

    2010-06-01

    Is it possible to be both a psychologist and a philosopher? Is it possible for a psychologist, or more generally a social scientist, to use social scientific findings to make philosophical claims? Specifically, is it possible for a social scientist to use social scientific findings to determine the existence of God? Did Jung profess to be only a psychologist or also a philosopher? If he professed to be both, did he enlist his psychological findings to make philosophical claims? Specifically, did he enlist his psychological findings to determine the existence of God?

  6. Jehovah's Witness parents' refusal of blood transfusions: Ethical considerations for psychologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Anna

    2016-08-01

    Psychologists in medical settings may be confronted with Jehovah's Witness parents refusing blood transfusions for their children as an ethical dilemma. The purpose of this discussion is to help psychologists provide informed, ethical consultations and support by investigating the values of the Jehovah's Witness community and the origin of the blood transfusion taboo, how medical and legal professionals have approached this dilemma, exploring relevant ethical principles and standards for psychologists, and suggestions for how to move toward a better understanding of harm with Jehovah's Witness families.

  7. Hydrodynamic control of microphytoplankton bloom in a coastal sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murty, K. Narasimha; Sarma, Nittala S.; Pandi, Sudarsana Rao; Chiranjeevulu, Gundala; Kiran, Rayaprolu; Muralikrishna, R.

    2017-08-01

    The influence of hydrodynamics on phytoplankton bloom occurrence/formation has not been adequately reported. Here, we document diurnal observations in the tropical Bay of Bengal's mid-western shelf region which reveal microphytoplankton cell density maxima in association with neap tide many times more than what could be accounted for by solar insolation and nutrient levels. When in summer, phytoplankton cells were abundant and the cell density of Guinardia delicatula reached critical value by tide caused zonation, aggregation happened to an intense bloom. Mucilaginous exudates from the alga due to heat and silicate stress likely promoted and stable water column and weak winds left undisturbed, the transient bloom. The phytoplankton aggregates have implication as food resource in the benthic region implying higher fishery potential, in carbon dioxide sequestration (carbon burial) and in efforts towards improving remote sensing algorithms for chlorophyll in the coastal region.

  8. Hydrodynamic control of microphytoplankton bloom in a coastal sea

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K Narasimha Murty; Nittala S Sarma; Sudarsana Rao Pandi; Gundala Chiranjeevulu; Rayaprolu Kiran; R Muralikrishna

    2017-08-01

    The influence of hydrodynamics on phytoplankton bloom occurrence/formation has not been adequately reported. Here, we document diurnal observations in the tropical Bay of Bengal’s mid-western shelf region which reveal microphytoplankton cell density maxima in association with neap tide many times more than what could be accounted for by solar insolation and nutrient levels. When in summer, phytoplankton cells were abundant and the cell density of Guinardia delicatula reached critical value by tide caused zonation, aggregation happened to an intense bloom. Mucilaginous exudates from the alga due to heat and silicate stress likely promoted and stable water column and weak winds left undisturbed, the transient bloom. The phytoplankton aggregates have implication as food resource in the benthic region implying higher fishery potential, in carbon dioxide sequestration (carbon burial) and in efforts towards improving remote sensing algorithms for chlorophyll in the coastal region.

  9. Burkitt lymphoma in a child with Bloom syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedhila-Ben Ayed, F; Douira-Khomsi, W; Rhayem, S; Jelassi, M; Zribi, H; Chaabouni, M; Khemiri, M; Bellagha, I; Barsaoui, S

    2016-04-01

    Bloom syndrome is a rare disease characterized by chromosomal instability and increased risk of developing lymphoma. We report on a case of Bloom syndrome in a 5-year-old boy with Burkitt lymphoma. The diagnosis was suspected by growth retardation, repeated respiratory infections, facial telangiectasia, and a low immunoglobulin level, then confirmed cytogenetically by sister chromatid exchanges. Chemotherapy was poorly tolerated, which required reducing the doses. Unfortunately, it was not sufficient to control the neoplasm and the patient died 14 months after diagnosis. Cancers in Bloom syndrome are a challenge since the potentially life-threatening side effects of the chemotherapy may require modifications in standard treatment such as dose reduction, which can compromise the tumor prognosis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  10. Harmful Algal Bloom in Iligan Bay, Southern Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen J Vicente

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available We report the first occurrence of harmful algal bloom (HAB caused by a non-toxic dinoflagellate, Cochlodinium sp. in Philippine waters, particularly, in Kalangahan Pt.-Manticao Pt., Iligan Bay on March 13-18, 2002. Two patches of Cochlodinium sp. bloom, associated with fish kills in Kalangahan Pt.-Mantacao Pt., Iligan Bay, caused localized water discoloration from the usual ocean blue to rusty brown or reddish brown to blackish. The first patch, located near fish-aggregating device (FAD areas, spanned 2 km wide, while the second patch, located near a fish corral, spanned 500m wide. These patches occupied the water column from surface to 5 m depth, but a thick mat formed at 0.5 m to surface. Patches occupied the water column from surface to 5 m depth, but a thick mat formed at 0.5 m to surface. Patches decreased as the bloom began to decline. The observed dead demersal and pelagic fishes coincided with highest bloom density of 3.1 x 104 to 3.8 x 104 cells ml-1 of Cochlodinium. Dissected gills and stomach contents of fishes killed in HAB-affected areas did not reveal any indication of clogging of gills by Cochlodinium sp. Fishes covered by the “shading effect” of Cochlodinium bloom may have suffered anoxia or asphyxation due to oxygen depletion. No poisoning of people who consumed the dead fishes was reported. Laboratory analyses revealed lower DO values, 2.4 to 0.5 mg L-1from 2400 to 0600Hr; 14N:1P ratio; air-water temperature ranged from 28-29°C; pH 7.89-8.29; and salinity, 33-35°/oo. Favella sp., a tintinnid grazer of dinoflagellate was developing in the area at the termination of the Cochlodinium bloom on March 18.

  11. A novel single-parameter approach for forecasting algal blooms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Xi; He, Junyu; Huang, Haomin; Miller, Todd R; Christakos, George; Reichwaldt, Elke S; Ghadouani, Anas; Lin, Shengpan; Xu, Xinhua; Shi, Jiyan

    2017-01-01

    Harmful algal blooms frequently occur globally, and forecasting could constitute an essential proactive strategy for bloom control. To decrease the cost of aquatic environmental monitoring and increase the accuracy of bloom forecasting, a novel single-parameter approach combining wavelet analysis with artificial neural networks (WNN) was developed and verified based on daily online monitoring datasets of algal density in the Siling Reservoir, China and Lake Winnebago, U.S.A. Firstly, a detailed modeling process was illustrated using the forecasting of cyanobacterial cell density in the Chinese reservoir as an example. Three WNN models occupying various prediction time intervals were optimized through model training using an early stopped training approach. All models performed well in fitting historical data and predicting the dynamics of cyanobacterial cell density, with the best model predicting cyanobacteria density one-day ahead (r = 0.986 and mean absolute error = 0.103 × 10(4) cells mL(-1)). Secondly, the potential of this novel approach was further confirmed by the precise predictions of algal biomass dynamics measured as chl a in both study sites, demonstrating its high performance in forecasting algal blooms, including cyanobacteria as well as other blooming species. Thirdly, the WNN model was compared to current algal forecasting methods (i.e. artificial neural networks, autoregressive integrated moving average model), and was found to be more accurate. In addition, the application of this novel single-parameter approach is cost effective as it requires only a buoy-mounted fluorescent probe, which is merely a fraction (∼15%) of the cost of a typical auto-monitoring system. As such, the newly developed approach presents a promising and cost-effective tool for the future prediction and management of harmful algal blooms. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. WALTER BENJAMIN Y GEORGES SOREL: ENTRE EL MITO DE LA HUELGA GENERAL Y UNA POLÍTICA DE MEDIOS PUROS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Pérez López

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available En su ensayo Para una crítica de la violencia, Walter Benjamin reivindica el fenómeno social de la huelga general revolucionaria teorizada por Georges Sorel en su obra Reflexiones sobre la violencia, como una figura ejemplar de lo que sería un “medio puro de la política”, al margen de cualquier forma legitimada de poder. En este marco, pocos comentadores contemporáneos advierten una discordancia conceptual entre ambos filósofos: para Sorel, la huelga revolucionaria es un mito social, mientras que el mito, categoría esencialmente negativa en Benjamin, describe la violencia que aprisiona la vida y que se traduce en una forma de poder político superior. En este artículo quisiéramos demostrar esta discordancia conceptual para examinar en seguida cómo ha sido comentada por otros pensadores contemporáneos. La filosofía de la historia, la posibilidad de una acción política ética y la temporalidad mesiánica aparecen en el horizonte teórico que emparenta a estos filósofos y por el cual podría descifrarse su impasse conceptual. Esto se confirma si se despliega la idea de un “medio puro de la política”, pista que Benjamin ofrece sin profundizar y sobre la cual reenvía al pensamiento de un filósofo poco explorado, Erich Unger. En la última parte de este artículo desarrollaremos las claves dadas por Unger, que entran justamente en sintonía con la mención de la huelga general como medio puro de la política.

  13. FANCM: A Landing Pad for the Fanconi Anemia and Bloom's Syndrome Complexes

    OpenAIRE

    Vinciguerra, Patrizia; D'Andrea, Alan D.

    2009-01-01

    Here, Deans and West (2009) reveal the molecular basis of the phenotypic similarities between Fanconi Anemia (FA) and Bloom's Syndrome, identifying FANCM as the anchor for both FA and Bloom's complexes at the site of the DNA interstrand crosslink.

  14. Intense blooms of Trichodesmium erythraeum (Cyanophyta) in the open waters along east coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Jyothibabu, R.; Madhu, N.V.; Murukesh, N.; Haridas, P.; Nair, K.K.C.; Venugopal, P.

    -1) was obtained in these regions, which indicated the enhancement of primary production in the earlier stages of the bloom. Very low NO3-N concentrations, brownish yellow bloom colour, undisturbed patches and high primary production strongly...

  15. Marine harmful algal blooms, human health and wellbeing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berdalet, Elisa; Fleming, Lora E.; Gowen, Richard

    2016-01-01

    Microalgal blooms are a natural part of the seasonal cycle of photosynthetic organisms in marine ecosystems. They are key components of the structure and dynamics of the oceans and thus sustain the benefits that humans obtain from these aquatic environments. However, some microalgal blooms can...... maintaining intensive, multidisciplinary and collaborative scientific research, and strengthening the coordination with stakeholders, policymakers and the general public. Here we provide an overview of different aspects of the HABs phenomena, an important element of the intrinsic links between oceans...

  16. [Causes of jellyfish blooms and their influence on marine environment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Chang-feng; Song, Jin-ming; Li, Ning

    2014-12-01

    Jellyfish blooms have damaged the normal composition and function of marine ecosystem and ecological environments, which have been one of the new marine ecological disasters. In this study, we summarized the possible inducements of jellyfish blooms, and the influences of jellyfish blooms on biogenic elements, dissolved oxygen, seawater acidity and biological community were discussed emphatically. The results showed that jellyfish blooms had a close contact with its physiological structure and life history, which had favorable characteristics including simple body struc- ture, rapid growth, thriving reproduction and short generation interval to tolerate harsh environment better. Jellyfish abundance increased rapidly when it encountered suitable conditions. The temperature variations of seawater might be the major inducing factor which could result in jellyfish blooms. Jellyfish blooms may benefit from warmer temperature that could increase the food availability of jellyfish and promote jellyfish reproduction, especially for warm temperate jellyfish species. Eutrophication, climate change, overfishing, alien invasions and habitat modification were all possible important contributory factors of jellyfish blooms. Jellyfish could significantly influence the form distribution and biogeochemical cycling of biogenic elements. Jellyfish excreted NH4+ and P04(3-) at a rate of 59.1-91.5 micromol N x kg(-1) x h(-1) and 1.1-1.8 micromol P x kg(-1) x h(-1), which could meet about 8%-10% and 21.6% of the phytoplankton primary production requirement of N and P, respectively. Live jellyfish released dissolved organic carbon (DOC) at a rate of 1.0 micromol C x g(-1) x d(-1). As jellyfish decomposing, the effluxes of total N and total P were 4000 micromol N x kg(-1) x d(-1) and 120 micromol P x kg(-1) x d(-1), respectively, while the efflux of DOC reached 30 micromol C x g(-1) x d(-1). Jellyfish decomposition could cause seawater acidification and lowered level of dissolved oxygen

  17. The cognitive context of examinations in psychiatry using Bloom's taxonomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, D A; Sadler, J Z; Mohl, P C; Melchiode, G A

    1991-11-01

    Psychiatric practice involves complex thinking patterns. In addition to commanding a huge number of facts, the student must learn to manipulate factual knowledge to solve diagnostic problems, develop treatment plans, and critically evaluate those plans. This study demonstrates an empirical method for evaluating the level of cognitive processes tested in multiple choice examinations. Use of Bloom's taxonomy in evaluating test items demonstrated the majority of test items on a psychiatry clerkship examination and a resident in-training examination fell into the most basic cognitive level, that of simple recall. The utility of Bloom's taxonomy is discussed along with implications for medical education.

  18. Antropologia e filosofia: estética e experiência em Clifford Geertz e Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Relivaldo Pinho de Oliveira

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo estuda as concepções de estética e experiência de Clifford Geertz e Walter Benjamin como possibilidades argumentativas e metodológicas para pensar a realidade e suas formas estéticas. Utiliza-se para isso as discussões metodológicas de Geertz, especialmente a respeito do lugar da estética e de sua relação com os demais âmbitos do humano, que encetaram uma nova forma de concebê-los para a etnografia e antropologia de modo geral, e os estudos de Benjamin a respeito da estética como expressão fisionômica de uma época, de determinada realidade, especialmente os que se referem sobre a modernidade. Constata-se essa possibilidade a partir da observação de que a estética e a experiência, nos autores, são tomadas como dimensões da realidade que se relacionam, não de modo mecânico, e sim como âmbitos que atravessam a realidade, os artefatos estéticos, os discursos, e esses assim devem ser observados.This article study the conceptions of aesthetics and experience of Clifford Geertz and Walter Benjamin as argumentative and methodological possibilities for thinking reality and its aesthetic forms. Uses for this Geertz's methodological discussions, especially regarding the place of aesthetics and its relation to other spheres of the human, which has embarked on a new way of conceiving them to ethnography and anthropology in general, and studies Benjamin about the aesthetics and physiognomical expression of an era, a certain reality, especially those concerning about modernity. There is that possibility from the observation that the aesthetics and experience, in the authors, are taken as the dimensions of reality are related, not mechanically, but as areas that cross the reality, the aesthetic artifacts, the speeches, and so these must be observed.

  19. Benjamin-Ono-Burgers-MKdV Equation for Algebraic Rossby Solitary Waves in Stratified Fluids and Conservation Laws

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongwei Yang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the paper, by using multiple-scale method, the Benjamin-Ono-Burgers-MKdV (BO-B-MKdV equation is obtained which governs algebraic Rossby solitary waves in stratified fluids. This equation is first derived for Rossby waves. By analysis and calculation, some conservation laws are derived from the BO-B-MKdV equation without dissipation. The results show that the mass, momentum, energy, and velocity of the center of gravity of algebraic Rossby waves are conserved and the presence of a small dissipation destroys these conservations.

  20. The musical magic of ambiguity in Benjamin Britten’s Death in Venice

    OpenAIRE

    B.M. Spies

    2001-01-01

    This essay investigates the blurred musical significations in Benjamin Britten’s Death in Venice, an opera based on Thomas Mann’s important novella Der Tod in Venedig. The discussion of multiple meanings links up with two categories of ambiguity as set out by William Empson in his Seven Types of Ambiguity, that is two or more meanings which do not agree among themselves, but combine to make clear a more complicated state of mind, and two opposite meanings that show a fundamental division in t...

  1. The Spanish Inquisition’s Attack on Liberalism. The Indictment against Benjamin Constant’s Principes de Politique

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    María Luisa SÁNCHEZ-MEJÍA

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In 1816, after close examination, the Spanish Inquisition forbade Benjamin Constant’s Principes de Politique, the most representative work of liberal ideology of its day. A careful study of the official indictment shows that in the early 19th c. the concepts of natural law and of the general will introduced by the Enlightenment were still being countered with the same arguments which had been used in the preceding century. Nonetheless, the consequences for Spain of the French Revolution would force the Inquisition to face the challenges posed by liberalism in Europe.

  2. Improving retouched Bloom filter for trading off selected false positives against false negatives

    OpenAIRE

    Donnet, Benoît; Baynat, Bruno; Friedman, Timur

    2010-01-01

    Where distributed agents must share voluminous set membership information, Bloom fil- ters provide a compact, though lossy, way for them to do so. Numerous recent networking papers have examined the trade-offs between the bandwidth consumed by the transmis- sion of Bloom filters, and the error rate, which takes the form of false positives. This paper is about the retouched Bloom filter (RBF). An RBF is an extension that makes the Bloom fil- ter more flexible by permitting the removal of false...

  3. Retouched Bloom Filters: Allowing Networked Applications to Flexibly Trade Off False Positives Against False Negatives

    OpenAIRE

    Donnet, Benoît; Baynat, Bruno; Friedman, Timur

    2006-01-01

    Where distributed agents must share voluminous set mem- bership information, Bloom filters provide a compact, though lossy, way for them to do so. Numerous recent networking papers have examined the trade-offs between the bandwidth consumed by the transmission of Bloom filters, and the er- ror rate, which takes the form of false positives, and which rises the more the filters are compressed. In this paper, we introduce the retouched Bloom filter (RBF), an extension that makes the Bloom filter...

  4. Merlin C. Wittrock and the Revision of Bloom's Taxonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krathwohl, David R.; Anderson, Lorin W.

    2010-01-01

    Merl Wittrock, a cognitive psychologist who had proposed a generative model of learning, was an essential member of the group that over a period of 5 years revised the "Taxonomy of Educational Objectives," originally published in 1956. This article describes the development of that 2001 revision (Anderson and Krathwohl, Editors) and Merl's…

  5. Que Podemos Hacer?: Roles for School Psychologists with Mexican and Latino Migrant Children and Families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henning-Stout, Mary

    1996-01-01

    Literature review provides social and cultural information needed by school psychologists serving Latino and Mexican migrant farmworking children and families, examples of school-based programs, and implications for public policy and practice. (Author/JDM)

  6. Creating a Space for Clinical Psychologists in Healthcare System in Ghana: Is it Necessary?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ethel Akpene Atefoe

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The relevance of the clinical psychologists in the health sector cannot be underestimated. It is now recognized that psychological issues play a crucial role in almost every health care condition, and that addressing these issues will increase well-being and quality of life. One important role is the prevention of diseases, through behavior medicine (Ogden, 2000; whereby people can be helped to behave in healthier ways, given that many illnesses or disabilities could be prevented. However, there is a misconception among Ghanaians that clinical psychologists are only meant for the mental hospitals which is due to ignorance about what exactly the field is about. This paper argues that Clinical psychologists can do more in providing healthcare services to Ghanaians beyond mental health services and also makes recommendations concerning the training and placement of Clinical psychologists in Ghana.

  7. Continuing Education in Micro-Computers for Academic and Practicing Psychologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupo, James V.; Ware, Mark E.

    1984-01-01

    A workshop designed to teach participants how to use microcomputers for practice management, psychological testing, word processing, peripheral interface, and data analysis was found to meet the interests and needs of both academic and practicing psychologists. (RM)

  8. [The role of the psychologist in the intensive care unit with patients and their relatives].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maltese, François

    2012-06-01

    The ICU stay is a potential source of psychological trauma for patients but also for their relatives. The presence of a psychologist can help overcome these difficulties. The nursingteam should be alerted to the identification of symptoms of distress.

  9. Practicing what we know: Multicultural counseling competence among clinical psychology trainees and experienced multicultural psychologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sehgal, Radhika; Saules, Karen; Young, Amy; Grey, Melissa J; Gillem, Angela R; Nabors, Nina A; Byrd, Michelle R; Jefferson, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Multicultural (MC) competence is considered a necessary skill for clinical and counseling psychologists; however, there is little to no research on the assessment of demonstrated multicultural counseling competence (DMCCC) of clinical psychology graduate students. In this study, we developed a MC assessment instrument to assess DMCCC of clinical psychology graduate students compared with MC-experienced psychologists. In addition, we assessed for differences between the endorsement of MC-appropriate strategies and actual use of these strategies in clinical practice, both by MC-experienced psychologists and clinical psychology students. Results revealed significant differences between the DMCCC of clinical psychology graduate students and MC-experienced psychologists. Significant differences also emerged between endorsement of strategies as multiculturally appropriate and likelihood of actual use of these strategies. Findings suggest that future training and competence models should incorporate participants' ability to not only identify multiculturally appropriate strategies but also use these strategies in therapy.

  10. Context discovery using attenuated Bloom filters in ad-hoc networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, F.; Heijenk, Gerhard J.

    2007-01-01

    A novel approach to performing context discovery in ad-hoc networks based on the use of attenuated Bloom filters is proposed in this paper. A Bloom filter is an efficient spacesaving data structure to represent context information. Attenuated Bloom filters are used to advertise the availability of c

  11. Return bloom in 'Stayman' apple with NAA and/or ethephon: 2007 through 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Following a season in which apple trees produce a full crop, many cultivars fail to produce enough bloom the next year for an adequate crop. Obtaining good return bloom is a problem for many apple growers. Plant growth regulators (PGRs) are recommended to enhance return bloom in apple. This study...

  12. A Preliminary Bloom's Taxonomy Assessment of End-of-Chapter Problems in Business School Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Jennings B.; Carson, Charles M.

    2008-01-01

    This article examines textbook problems used in a sampling of some of the most common core courses found in schools of business to ascertain what level of learning, as defined by Bloom's Taxonomy, is required to provide a correct answer. A set of working definitions based on Bloom's Taxonomy (Bloom & Krathwohl, 1956) was developed for the six…

  13. The Diegesis of Benjamin Button: A Method for Comparing Literature and Film (La diégesis de Benjamin Button: método para comparar literatura y cine

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    Joe Montenegro Bonilla

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a specific structuralist methodology that may help organize the analysis of the relationship between literature and cinema. Through the instance of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s short story “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button” and David Fincher’s film adaptation of it, a focus on the comparable diegetic structures of a narrative cinematic text and the literary work on which it is based is offered, along with an exploration of the semiotic codes that support their comparative textual analyses. Este artículo propone una metodología estructuralista específica que posibilita organizar el estudio para analizar la relación entre la literatura y el cine. Utilizando como ejemplo el cuento de F. Scott Fitzgerald “El curioso caso de Benjamin Button” y su adaptación al cine de David Fincher, se ofrece un enfoque en las estructuras diegéticas comparables entre un texto cinematográfico narrativo y la obra literaria en la cual se basa; además de una exploración de los códigos semióticos que sustentan los análisis textuales comparados de ambos textos.

  14. Training the industrial and organisational psychologist as counsellor: Are we doing enough?

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    Hanri Barkhuizen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Industrial and organisational (I-O psychologists are responsible for workplacecounselling. Workplace counselling requires specific skills and training for the I-O psychologist.Research purpose: The main aim of the study was to explore the role of training the I-Opsychologist as workplace counsellor.Motivation for the study: Studies show that the I-O psychologist does not feel adequatelyprepared for their role as workplace counsellor. It is important to explore which skills andtraining are needed to equip the I-O psychologist as counsellor.Research approach, design and method: A qualitative research design with convenience andsnowball sampling was used to identify I-O psychologists (n = 22 from different businesssectors in Gauteng and North-West. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to gatherdata and content analysis was utilised to extract themes and sub-themes from the results.Main findings: The findings showed that the participants know about the process of counselling, but they did not feel adequately prepared for their role as workplace counsellors. From the findings, recommendations for the training of future I-O psychologists are made.Practical implications: This study adds to the knowledge about ensuring that the I-Opsychologist is equipped during their training for the workplace to address the counselling needs of employees in the workplace in South Africa.Contribution/value-add: This study contributes towards ensuring that the I-O psychologistis sufficiently prepared for their role as workplace counsellor by making knowledge available regarding the skills required by I-O psychologists to be applied in practice.Keywords: Industrial-organisational (I-O psychologist; Counsellor; Skills and competencies; Qualitative research; Training

  15. Modern Approaches to Professional Spoken English Interaction Teaching of Future Psychologists

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    Yuliya Zinovyeva

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the modern approaches to English professional spoken interaction teaching of future psychologists. The points of view of methodologists on the concept of professional spoken interaction were analysed. The main stages of professional spoken interaction teaching process in the context of foreign languages for specific purposes are defined. The most effective teaching model of foreign languages for specific purposes which is used for future psychologists is described.

  16. W. Benjamin, Nietzsche y Sloterdijk; Psicopolítica, escatología de la 'promesa' y dialéctica del entusiasmo

    OpenAIRE

    Isaac Moctezuma Perea

    2008-01-01

    The promise is the meeting place between past and future into the present. Benjamin felt as if the historical action of a class depends largely on the conception that it is in history, it also depends largely on the ability of this class has to pledge, as it thinks Sloterdijk, is the promise which communicate the most eminent human capabilities. This essay aims to reflect on the usefulness and harm of the dimensions of the promise into the philosophies of Benjamin and Sloterdijk for life.

  17. La dilemática relación historia-memoria: ¿Walter Benjamin como un filósofo memorialista?

    OpenAIRE

    Zeitler Varela, Mariela

    2011-01-01

    En las últimas décadas la figura de Walter Benjamin ha sido extensamente recuperada desde muy diversos ámbitos, como la crítica literaria, la filosofía política, la estética, sólo por citar algunos. En este trabajo nos centraremos en su acercamiento a la filosofía de la historia, o mejor dicho, en problematizar lo que muchos de sus comentadores consideran ha sido el aporte benjaminiano a esta rama de la filosofía: nos referimos a la cuasi exclusiva visión de Benjamin como un autor memorialist...

  18. Ondokuzuncu yüzyılda Anadolu'da bir bitki toplayıcısı: Benjamin Balansa (1825-1891)

    OpenAIRE

    Baytop, Asuman; Nicolas, Michele

    2011-01-01

    A plant collector in Anatolia in the 19th century: Benjamin Balansa (1825-1891) Asuman Baytop & Michèle Nicolas Benjamin Balansa (1825-1891) was a French traveler-naturalist attached to the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle at Paris. As a explorer botaniste, cultivator, interpriser, producer, he dedicated more than 40 years of his life to scientific travels far from his country. Between 1854 and 1866, he was in Anatolia where he herborized in the West, Central, South and ...

  19. Teachers or Psychologists: Who Should Facilitate Depression Prevention Programs in Schools?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melanie S. Wahl

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The current study evaluates a depression prevention program for adolescents led by psychologists vs. teachers in comparison to a control. The universal school-based prevention program has shown its efficacy in several studies when implemented by psychologists. The current study compares the effects of the program as implemented by teachers versus that implemented by psychologists under real-life conditions. A total of 646 vocational track 8th grade students from Germany participated either in a universal prevention program, led by teachers (n = 207 or psychologists (n = 213, or a teaching-as-usual control condition (n = 226. The design includes baseline, post-intervention, and follow-up (at 6 and 12 months post-intervention. The cognitive-behavioral program includes 10 sessions held in a regular school setting in same-gender groups and is based on the social information-processing model of social competence. Positive intervention effects were found on the change in girls’ depressive symptoms up to 12 months after program delivery when the program was implemented by psychologists. No such effects were found on boys or when program was delivered by teachers. The prevention program can successfully be implemented for girls by psychologists. Further research is needed for explanations of these effects.

  20. Psychologists' Perspectives on Therapy Termination and the Use of Therapy Engagement/Retention Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westmacott, Robin; Hunsley, John

    2016-08-25

    Practicing psychologists (n = 269) were surveyed regarding their perspectives on client reasons for termination at different points in therapy and their use of strategies to engage and retain clients in therapy. Psychologists estimated that one-third of their caseload unilaterally terminated (M = 13% before the third therapy session; M = 20% after the third session). They viewed lack of readiness for change/insufficient motivation as the most important barrier to early treatment engagement, and symptom improvement as the most important reason for clients' unilateral decisions to end therapy after the third session. Most psychologists reported occasional use of the majority of engagement and retention strategies. Although some strategies were used by most psychologists (e.g., building the early working alliance), fewer than 25% of psychologists reported the frequent use of time-limited treatment, appointment reminders or case management procedures. As the implementation of these strategies in clinical practice has the potential to greatly influence client retention rates, future research should examine psychologists' perspectives on and barriers to using these strategies. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.