WorldWideScience

Sample records for psychologie economique africaine

  1. Agronomie Africaine

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    International journal published by The Ivorian Association for Agricultural Sciences (A.I.S.A) The creation of a scientific journal called "AGRONOMIE AFRICAINE" (Agron. Afr.) by the Ivorian Association for ... Table of Contents. Articles ...

  2. Archives: Agronomie Africaine

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 55 ... Archives: Agronomie Africaine. Journal Home > Archives: Agronomie Africaine. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives. 1 - 50 of 55 Items, 1 2 > >>. 2017 ...

  3. Agronomie Africaine: Editorial Policies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , (AISA), leur Association, d'une Revue Scientifique dénommée "AGRONOMIE AFRICAINE" (Agron. Afr.) les chercheurs Ivoiriens engagés dans la recherché agronomique entendent apporter leur modeste contribution la diffusion de ...

  4. Kritische Psychologie und die Rhetorik der Kritik

    OpenAIRE

    Billig, Michael

    2006-01-01

    'Der Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit dem gegenwärtigen Stellenwert der kritischen Psychologie. Aufmerksamkeit wird vor allem der Situation in Großbritannien gewidmet, wo sich kritische Psychologie in den letzten Jahren deutlich weiterentwickelt hat. Die rhetorische Verwendung des Begriffs 'kritisch' wird untersucht und die These vertreten, dass drei Elemente impliziert sind: (a) eine Kritik gegenwärtiger Sozialstrukturen, (b) eine Kritik anderer akademischer Herangehensweisen, vor allem solcher,...

  5. Die Psychologie des Lügens

    OpenAIRE

    Jordan, Jochen

    2017-01-01

    Die Lüge gehört zur Psychologie des Alltagsverhaltens. Sie ist in jedem sozialen Kontext einsetzbar und mit jeder denkbaren Motivstruktur zu verbinden. Definitorisch ist davon auszugehen, dass nur dann von einer Lüge gesprochen werden kann, wenn eine bewusste Entscheidung des Akteurs vorliegt (nicht vollständig aufrichtig zu sein) und das Opfer keine Zustimmung zu dieser Verhaltensvariante gegeben hat. So wie man nicht nicht kommunizieren kann (Watzlawick), so kann man demnach nicht leben ohn...

  6. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 20, No 1 (2016) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  7. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 16, No 2 (2012) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  8. Editorial | Oloyede | African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 21, No 1 (2017) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  9. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 19, No 1 (2015) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  10. Editorial | Oloyede | African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 19, No 2 (2015) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  11. Editorial | Oloyede | African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 19, No 1 (2015) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  12. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie: About ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie: About this journal. Journal Home > African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie: About this journal. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  13. comportement des nouveaux riz africains face a la pyriculariose

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    Key words : Riz, NERICA variety, blast, inoculation, resistance, Côte d'Ivoire. INTRODUCTION. Les nouveaux riz africains ou NERICA (New Rice for Africa) sont des hybrides interspécifiques. (Oryza glaberrima X O. sativa) mises au point par l'ADRAO (actuellement dénommé Centre. Africain pour le Riz) dans les années 90.

  14. Darwin als Sehhilfe für die Psychologie - Evolutionspsychologie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwab, Frank

    Im Folgenden geht es um Einäugige, stereoskopisches Sehen, weite und enge Horizonte, Monokel und Sonnenbrillen. Der Beitrag versucht die Metapher des Sehens und der Sehhilfen anzuwenden, um so zu verdeutlichen, welchen Gewinn die herkömmliche Psychologie durch die Verwendung einer Darwin'schen Brille erlangen kann.

  15. Psychologie - Fachdatenbank mit europäischem Fokus

    OpenAIRE

    Schön, Dana

    2010-01-01

    Die Sichtbarkeit von europäischer Wissenschaftsliteratur ist notwendige Voraussetzung für deren Rezeption im internationalen Kontext. Ein bibliographisches Nachweissystem psychologischer Fachliteratur auf der Basis moderner Suchtechnologie mit Fokus auf europäischen Werken kann einen wichtigen Beitrag dazu leisten. Mehrere europäische Institute stellen ihre bibliographischen Datenbestände zum Aufbau einer umfassenden europäischen Fachdatenbank für die Psychologie zur Verfügung. Die Bereitstel...

  16. Leibniz‘ Einfluss auf Wundts Psychologie, Philosophie und Ethik

    OpenAIRE

    Fahrenberg, Jochen

    2016-01-01

    Leibniz‘s essential influence on Wundt’s thinking, so far, is not thoroughly examined. In the Introduction of his Grundzüge der physiologischen Psychologie, Wundt refers to Kant and Herbart being the most influential in shaping his philosophical standpoints. Taking this lead, however, it is noticeable that Wundt’s attitude is mostly critical, especially regarding Herbart. In comparison, Leibniz’s impact is essential and constructive in forming Wundt’s psychology, philosophy, epistemology, and...

  17. La psychologie du comportement de Pierre Naville (1904-1993).

    OpenAIRE

    Carbonel , Frédéric

    2012-01-01

    working paper ; preprint non référencé; Acquis au marxisme dès 1925, militant trotskiste depuis 1928, Pierre Naville est mobilisé en septembre 1939 comme simple caporal au train des Equipages sur Paris puis au secrétariat du cabinet Daladier au tout début de la " drôle de guerre ". On oublie trop souvent l'œuvre critique de Pierre Naville en matière de psychologie essentiellement développée entre 1942 et 1945.

  18. Soutien à une participation efficace de la société civile africaine au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Mécanisme africain d'évaluation par les pairs est un mécanisme accepté d'un commun accord et adopté volontairement par les États membres de l'Union africaine. C'est un mécanisme d'autoévaluation qui a pour mandat d'encourager les pays africains à se conformer à des normes, codes et valeurs en matière de ...

  19. Immigration et affirmation : le cas des Africains en France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Zesseu

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet article est un tour d’horizon des questions reliées à l’immigration et à l’intégration des Africains en France, de la période coloniale à nos jours. Il retrace les dates marquantes et les réseaux du flux migratoire Afrique-France et présente une synthèse ciblée des politiques d’immigration françaises. Il engage une réflexion sur les facteurs susceptibles d’entraver ou de favoriser l’intégration et l’affirmation socio-économique et politique des immigrants africains en France.

  20. La hernie ombilicale africaine : nouvelle classification et revue de 30 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'objectif de ce travail était de proposer une nouvelle classification de la hernie ombilicale de l'enfant africain et d'évaluer les résultats du traitement chirurgical.Il s'agit d'une étude prospective portant sur 30 patients porteurs de hernie ombilicale, qui s'est déroulée sur une période de un an et demi dans les services de ...

  1. Traite, esclavage et fortifications dans l’Ouest africain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Michel Deveau

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available La première colonisation d’Afrique occidentale a été circonscrite aux littoraux et à cause de la résistance des pouvoirs locaux, elle n’a pas pu s’étendre à l’intérieur des terres. Les européens (Portugais, Hollandais, Français, Anglais, Danois qui à partir du XVe siècle se disputaient la terre africaine ont connu les mêmes barrages, diplomatiques ou constitués par la force. Ils ne purent installer que des bastions sur les côtes avec l’autorisation des souverains africains à qui ils donnaient une contrepartie sous forme de cadeaux et de redevances. Ainsi, avec la bénédiction des pouvoirs africains en place, les européens ont pu commencer la traite des esclaves pour effectuer le travail agricole organisé par les colons aux Amériques. A partir de l’exemple de l’histoire du Ghana défriché récemment par les chercheurs et celui de la Sénégambie en cours d’étude, on s’aperçoit des nouvelles perspectives de décryptage de l’histoire du continent africain qui vont à l’encontre des idées reçues de l’idéologie de fatalité et de victimologie des africains.The first colonization of Western Africa was circumscribed with the littorals and because of the resistance of the local authorities, it could not extend inside the grounds. The Europeans (Portuguese, Dutch, French, English, Danish which starting from XVe century disputed the African land knew the same stoppings, diplomatic or constituted by the force. They could install only bastions on the coasts with the authorization of the African sovereigns to whom they gave a counterpart in the form of gifts and of royalties. Thus, with the blessing of the African powers in place, Europeans could begin the draft of the slaves to carry out the agricultural work organized by the colonists in Americas. From the example of the history of Ghana cleared recently by the researchers and that of Senegambia under study, one realizes new prospects for decoding of the

  2. Création d'emplois dans l'agriculture africaine | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    agriculture africaine. ... collaborera avec la Banque africaine de développement et le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement afin de compléter le soutien provenant du CRDI et de l'UK Department for International Development.

  3. Sculpture africaine. Blessures et altérité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaetano Speranza

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Au delà de la notion de “blessure” relative à l’objet, l’auteur s’attache aux traumatismes culturels résultant de la rencontre entre la sculpture africaine et le monde occidental. Un exemple particulier est celui des instruments de musique ethnographiques, dont la restauration est souvent tributaire des conceptions occidentales.Beyond the notion of « injury » for the object, the author dwells on cultural traumatisms resulting from the meeting between African sculpture and the western world. A particular example is the one of ethnographical musical instruments for which restoration is often tributary of western conceptions.

  4. Psychologie des discours et didactique des textes (Psychology of Discourse and the Teaching of Texts).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bronckart, Jean-Paul, Ed.

    1995-01-01

    This collection of articles on the nature of discourse and writing instruction include: "Une demarche de psychologie de discours; quelques aspects introductifs" ("An Application of Discourse Psychology; Introductory Thoughts") (Jean-Paul Bronckart); "Les procedes de prise en charge enonciative dans trois genres de texts expositifs" ("The Processes…

  5. La Corruption : Un Probleme Socio-Economique Dans Les Œuvres ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'indépendance des pays africain est censée apporter l'espoir et le contentement chez la masse populaire car elle marque la fin des régimes du pouvoir étranger. Malheureusement tous les bienfaits sont mieux imaginés. L'indépendance a provoqué une situation peu enviable dans la pluparts des pays africains, car leurs ...

  6. Qualitativ-empirische Forschung in der Psychologie - am Beispiel der Inhaltsanalyse

    OpenAIRE

    Mayring, Philipp

    1994-01-01

    Die letzten Jahre haben eine Fülle an qualitativen Forschungsansätzen, sowohl an Designs als auch an Techniken, in der Psychologie gebracht. Im Vergleich mit der weit zurückreichenden qualitativ-geisteswissenschaftlichen Tradition lassen sich einige neue Merkmale hier herausarbeiten: der empirische Ansatzpunkt, die Betonung der Systematik und Überprüfbarkeit im Vorgehen und die Integrierbarkeit mit quantitativen Ansätzen. Dies soll am Beispiel der qualitativen lnhaltsanalyse verdeutlicht werd...

  7. Radical psychology institutionalized: a history of the Journal Psychologie & Maatschappij [psychology & society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abma, R; Jansz, J

    2000-01-01

    Starting out as a newsletter for radical psychologists, the Dutch journal Psychologie & Maatschappij (Psychology & Society) moved in the past decade toward the theoretical mainstream within psychology. In this paper, the major changes in the journal are described and analyzed, as well as the features that did not change: an emphasis on theory and history, an interdisciplinary approach, and an emphasis on discussion. The main transformations were from psychology as instrumental toward the goals of the progressive movement in the Netherlands, then to extreme criticism of all scientific and professional psychological activities, and finally to adherence to the most advanced approaches within academic psychology. Copyright 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  8. Volltextserver für wissenschaftliche Dokumente aus der Psychologie : PsyDok

    OpenAIRE

    Herb, Ulrich

    2006-01-01

    Artikel über den Open Access Server PsyDok, das disciplinary Repository für die Psychologie Community. Besonderes Augenmerk wird auf die Einbindung des Servers in disziplinäre und interdisziplinäre Suchmaschinen, Nachweissysteme und Datenbanken gelegt. Der letzte Absatz widmet sich Tendenzen bei der Etablierung neuer Maße zur Bestimmung der Qualität elektronischer Dokumente. Wichtig: Die Seitenzählung der PDF weicht von der des Tagungsbandes ab, inhaltlich ist die PDF aber identisch mit der ...

  9. Politiques Economiques et Pauvreté A qui profitent les dépenses ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    drivard

    Réseau Politiques Economiques et Pauvreté (PEP)-www.pep-net.org ... d'équité que les autorités publiques mettront au cœur de leurs stratégies de ...... des structures scolaires et recruter des enseignants pour y scolariser les enfants. .... investissements et abrite tous les ministères, les ambassades, les grandes entreprises.

  10. Les universités africaines ont besoin d'une bande passante fiable et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    12 oct. 2010 ... La plupart des universités africaines paient environ cent fois plus cher que celles du Canada pour se brancher à Internet. Le CRDI contribue aux efforts déployés pour résoudre ce problème.

  11. Littérature africaine francophone: de la revendication identitaire à l ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lipenga

    It goes without saying that the enunciative strategy applied by African authors aims at a ..... se recruter auprès d'une maigre élite africaine et d'un nombre de plus en plus restreint .... politique de l'écriture inaugurée par Amadou Kourouma.

  12. [The birth of metapsychology. On the current interpretation of "Entwurf einer Psychologie" (1895)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt-Hellerau, C

    1995-12-01

    The general attitude towards Entwurf einer Psychologie (1895) is to reckon it among Freud's pre-analytic writings, i.e. that part of his work later more or less disowned by the author. Schmidt-Hellerau challenges this assessment by Freud and many of his successors, demonstrating that the Entwurf can legitimately be regarded as a meta-theory resolving - or skirting- the old classification problem of whether psychoanalysis is a science or an art by connecting the hitherto dissociated spheres of soma and psyche and conceptualizing of physiological and psychological processes. See thus, the Entwurf reveals itself as a theoretical document of astonishing modernity and undiminished relevance in that it records Freud's ambitious attempt to overcome the mind-body schism and the divide between neurophysiology and psychology. And it is precisely this problem, the author contends, which Freud's later metapsychology--and the controversies it has aroused--revolves around.

  13. Réseau africain consacré à la localisation | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet s'attaquera à la question de la localisation et des langues locales dans le domaine des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC), au moyen de neuf sous-projets dont voici une brève description. Création de paramètres de lieu - l'équipe créera des paramètres de lieu africains pour 100 grandes ...

  14. La largeur de bande pourrait permettre aux universités africaines de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 févr. 2011 ... Les technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) incarnent de plus en plus les artères dans lesquelles ce sang circule. ... Peu de pays africains ont la masse d'universités critique qui leur permettrait d'établir un réseau national pour la recherche et l'éducation (réseau NREN) et d'ainsi pouvoir ...

  15. Le nouveau modèle africain | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    22 juil. 2011 ... Or, ce serait rater le bateau que de ne pas s'engager dans la voie tout autre que les Africains proposent maintenant — à savoir se défaire du syndrome de la dépendance qui afflige l'Afrique depuis des décennies. Le Canada et les autres pays riches du Nord reconnaissent généralement qu'ils ne peuvent ...

  16. Le prochain Einstein sera-t-il africain ? | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 oct. 2012 ... L'idée de créer l'AIMS a germé dans l'esprit du physicien sud-africain Neil Turok, qui dirige le Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, sis à Waterloo, au Canada. L'AIMS a pour objectif de favoriser la production scientifique et technique de l'Afrique et d'aider le continent à mettre les sciences et la ...

  17. Bedarf an medizinischer Psychologie in der Zahnheilkunde:eine wissenschaftliche Untersuchung unter Zahnärzten und Zahnmedizinstudenten

    OpenAIRE

    Bastian, C. (Cordula)

    2006-01-01

    Die teilnehmenden Stichprobengruppen (52 Zahnärzte, 78 Studenten) wurden zu dem Thema "Bedarf an medizinischer Psychologie in der Zahnheilkunde" befragt, wobei eine Mehrheit von 89% aller Befragten eine psychologische Schulung eines Zahnarztes für wichtig erachtet. In Ermangelung einer ausreichenden psychologischen Vor- und Weiterbildung halten sich die befragten Zahnärzte und Studenten auch nicht für gut genug gerüstet, schwierige Situationen im Beruf adäquat zu meistern ("wenig bis durchsch...

  18. The Psychology of Violent Conflict in Failing States: A Review of the Scientific Literature (Psychologie des Conflits Violents au sein d’etats en Deroute: Analyse de Publications Scientifiques)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    Sommaire ..... Psychologie des conflits violents au sein d’états en déroute: Analyse de publications scientifiques Donald M. Taylor; Michael J. A...in parenthesis at the end of the title) The Psychology of Violent Conflict in Failing States (U) Psychologie des conflits violents au sein d’états en

  19. Excerpt from Medicinische Psychologie oder Physiologie der Seele by Dr Rudolph Hermann Lotze.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrios, G E

    2005-03-01

    Hermann Lotze (1817-81) is a neglected figure in the history of psychiatry although it has been claimed that his early views were influential, for example, on the young Griesinger. Trained as a physician, psychologist and philosopher he saw better than many the impending epistemological crisis that was to affect disciplines such as psychology and medical psychology as they were being taken over by the natural sciences. The problem he endeavoured to resolve was double-headed. On the one hand, Lotze believed that the mechanisms proposed by physiology and other relevant natural sciences were essential to the explanation of human behaviour provided that its meaning and context were respected; on the other, he wanted to do away with the mysterious (metaphysical) explanations such as 'vital force' which in his time were still popular in biology. The solutions he eventually offered can understandably be seen as a weak compromise and one which statisfied no one. Materialists à outrance such as Vogt, Büchner, Lange and Ribot though he was too 'metaphysical'; spiritualist philosophers believed that he had surrendered too much to biology. It is likely that Lotze remained, in fact, a metaphysician as can be ascertained by studying his concept of Seele (soul, mind) into which he packed enough furniture to make many believe that he was an idealist thinker. This paper discusses some of these issues and justifies the choice of classic text, namely, Lotze's illuminating Introduction to his book Medicinische Psychologie oder Physiologie der Seele.

  20. An economic study of the site of Marcoule; Etude economique du site de Marcoule

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duprat, H [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Marcoule (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-07-01

    The study of this site of the Marcoule Center shows that its regional economical influence is limited to the buying power distributed among its personnel. This entails distortions between first this supplementary buying power and the overall markets within the possible Marcoule influence zone, and secondly the concentration on Bagnols-sur-Ceze and this town's normal extension possibilities. (author) [French] L'etude du site de Marcoule demontre que son influence economique se limite, pour la region, au pouvoir d'achat distribue a son personnel. Ceci entraine une disproportion d'une part entre ce pouvoir d'achat supplementaire et l'ensemble des marches contenus dans l'aire d'influence possible de Marcoule, d'autre part entre la concentration realisee a Bagnole-sur-Ceze et la capacite d'extension normale de cette agglomeration. (auteur)

  1. Nizet Jean, Pichault François, Les performances des organisations africaines : pratiques de gestion en contexte incertain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Laloy

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, dirigé par Jean Nizet et François Pichault, propose d’aborder la question du fonctionnement et des performances des organisations africaines en dépassant la posture “radicale” selon laquelle les caractéristiques de la culture africaine (manque d’expérience et de formation des entrepreneurs, clientélisme et corruption, prégnance des cultures traditionnelles et non rationnelles... expliqueraient à elles seules l’inhibition du développement des organisations. Ce type d’approche, qu...

  2. Etat des lieux de la reproduction sexuée des ignames africaines ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les ignames sont d'importantes plantes alimentaires à multiplication végétative dont l'amélioration et la création variétale dépendent, comme chez les végétaux, de la maîtrise de la biologie de la reproduction sexuée. L'état des lieux des cultivars florifères des ignames africaines Dioscorea cayenensis – D. rotundata a été ...

  3. Les manuscrits arabo-africains : des particularités ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constant Hamès

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Longtemps marginalisée, tant par l'orientalisme classique que par les sciences historiques et ethnologiques, la littérature manuscrite arabo-africaine, extrêmement prolifique, commence à peine à être découverte. Les questions de sa constitution (où, quand, comment, par qui, de ses supports (quid du papier en Afrique, de ses caractéristiques linguistiques (langues, modèles d'écriture et matérielles (fabrication, conservation, de même que celles des inventaires et catalogues, malgré des percées récentes, commencent à peine à se poser.

  4. Le rôle des universités africaines dans l'innovation au service du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Un nouveau réseau de recherche s'intéressera aux façons dont les universités africaines peuvent contribuer à stimuler l'innovation sur le continent noir. Le projet de recherche permettra d'examiner dans quelle mesure les universités favorisent les innovations qui contribuent à l'insertion économique des populations ...

  5. Consensus formalisé: recommandations de pratiques cliniques pour la prise en charge de la migraine du patient adulte africain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Mahmoud Ait Kaci; Haddad, Monia; Kouassi, Beugré; Ouhabi, Hamid; Serrie, Alain

    2016-01-01

    La migraine est une céphalée primaire (selon les derniers critères de l'International Headache Society) qui affecte environ 8% de la population africaine. Les femmes sont plus fréquemment touchées que les hommes et les crises apparaissent le plus souvent avant l’âge de 40 ans. Bien qu'un certain nombre de traitements, de mesure hygiéno-diététiques, et d'autres méthodes non pharmacologiques permettent de limiter l'intensité et la fréquence des crises, la prise en charge médicamenteuse de la crise de migraine est très souvent nécessaire. La disponibilité des traitements et l'accès aux soins diffèrent sur le continent africain et ont conduit à la réalisation du 1er consensus d'experts pour la prise en charge du patient adulte africain. Destiné aux praticiens, ce travail collaboratif multinational a pour objectif de fournir 16 recommandations de pratiques cliniques simples, fondées sur les preuves, et adaptées aux conditions de l'exercice médical en Afrique. PMID:27642420

  6. V. Cohen-Scali (dir.). Les métiers en psychologie sociale et du travail. Évaluer les individus et intervenir en entreprise

    OpenAIRE

    Gaudron, Jean-Philippe

    2009-01-01

    Quelles activités peut-on exercer quand on choisit d’entreprendre un D.E.S.S. de psychologie dans le champ du travail ? C’est à cette question que se posent tant d’étudiants que les auteurs tentent d’apporter des éléments de réponse. Mais l’ouvrage veut s’adresser également à tous ceux qui s’intéressent à la psychologie exercée dans le champ du travail. Cet ouvrage comporte neuf chapitres, avec trois parties. À la suite de l’introduction de Valérie Cohen-Scali, Vincent Rogard présente dans un...

  7. Rubinstein S. L., Osnovy obshchei psikhologii (Les fondements de la psychologie générale. Professionnalisation et développement professionnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludmila Namolovan-Stephan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available L’ouvrage classique en langue russe « Les fondements de la psychologie générale » de S.L. Rubinstein appartient aux œuvres les plus reconnues de la psychologie russe. L’étendue des généralisations théoriques, l’envergure encyclopédique du matériel historique et expérimental, la clarté des principes méthodologiques exposés ont fait de cet ouvrage une référence pour plusieurs générations de psychologues, pédagogues et philosophes.Cet ouvrage présente trois intérêts majeurs :D’abord, il intègre ...

  8. Les investisseurs étrangers à l’assaut des terres agricoles africaines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Brondeau

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Les terres agricoles africaines sont convoitées par de nombreux investisseurs étrangers, ce qui se matérialise par une accélération des transactions portant sur des concessions foncières à grande échelle. Ces investissements répondent à des enjeux très divers et font l’objet de contrats rudimentaires, dont les clauses exactes sont souvent méconnues. Ce phénomène très médiatisé est extrêmement controversé et suscite de virulentes critiques, alors que les analyses scientifiques sur le sujet sont encore très rares. Au regard des effets pervers pressentis et pour certains déjà perceptibles, il peut être perçu comme une des dérives d’un nouveau modèle de croissance agricole basé sur la promotion de l’agrobusiness.The African farmlands are the object of the greed of numerous foreign investors which materializes by an acceleration of the transactions carrying on the concession of lands on a large-scale. These investments correspond to very diverse stakes and give rise to rudimentary contract the exact clauses which are often underestimated. This very mediatized phenomenon is extremely debated and arouses virulent criticisms while the scientific analyses on the subject are still very rare. Towards the anticipated perverse effects and for some already perceptible, he can be perceived as one of the drift of a new agricultural growth model based on the promotion of the agrobusiness.

  9. L’identité africaine dans L’appel des arènes et Le vent du sud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr Johnson Djoa Manda

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article entend mettre au goût du jour les valeurs qui unissent les peuples africains. Car l’Afrique, berceau de l’humanité, est frappée par une grande division entre peuples de même origine. Sur la base de deux œuvres romanesques issues de deux sphères différentes (l’Afrique noire et le Maghreb il a été démontré, à la lumière des mécanismes sémiotiques et référentiels qu’il existe véritablement une identité africaine. Les textes, en effet, sont prégnants de constructions identitaires véhiculées par l’histoire, la tradition orale des griots et porteurs de parole et par l’expression picturale et graphique. Par ailleurs, l’acte de référence considère que les espaces scéniques, le temps de l’histoire et les actants font l’objet d’une authenticité. Ce passé douloureux, toutes ces interventions articulées sur le verbe et l’écriture sont des valeurs identitaires propres à l’Afrique. Elles unissent les peuples du continent noir et posent le postulat d’une seule Afrique.

  10. I psychologové mají svou olympiádu. Úspěch české psychologie na mezinárodním fóru

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Klicperová-Baker, Martina

    (2016) ISSN 2336-257X R&D Projects: GA MŠk LG15038 Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : psychologists * Czech psychology * international forum Subject RIV: AN - Psychology http://veda-a-technika.eurozpravy.cz/veda/165538-i-psychologove-maji-svou-olympiadu-uspech-ceske-psychologie-na-mezinarodnim-foru/

  11. La mobilité des enfants et l'autosuffisance économique des femmes dans le milieu patriarcal africain

    OpenAIRE

    Frank, Odile

    1985-01-01

    Les formes de domination de la femme en Afrique au Sud du Sahara relèvent très essentiellement des régimes familiaux et sociaux. Dans cette articulation subtile des rôles économiques et familiaux de la femme africaine, l'auteur montre que la mobilité des enfants est à la base d'un mécanisme important de rééquilibrage. Le présent article cherche à cerner les structures familiales, les facteurs économiques, et les exigences de l'éducation des enfants auxquelles les femmes répondent à travers le...

  12. Analyse des cadres juridiques des aires marines protégées des pays ouest africains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Cuq

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available En analysant de manière transversale les droits nationaux relatifs aux aires protégées de sept pays d'Afrique de l'Ouest (le Cap Vert, la Gambie, la Guinée, la Guinée-Bissau, la Mauritanie, le Sénégal et la Sierra Leone, cette étude tend à apporter des éléments de connaissances de ces droits nationaux, tant sur le plan normatif qu'institutionnel, et à s'interroger sur le contenu, la mise en oeuvre et l'adaptabilité de ceux-ci à la lumière des enjeux environnementaux, sociaux et économiques de la sous-région ouest-africaine.

  13. Les activités communicatives des tuteurs en psychologie du développement et en pratiques à l’université

    OpenAIRE

    Olry-Louis, Isabelle

    2011-01-01

    Cet article vise à faire le point sur les activités communicatives déployées par les tuteurs en articulant la littérature propre à la psychologie du développement et celle qui décrit les pratiques d’accompagnement des nouveaux étudiants à l’université. Centré sur l’examen des processus langagiers, cognitifs et socio-affectifs mobilisés, l’article souligne les écarts entre le tutorat tel qu’il est étudié et tel qu’il est mis en pratique. Il conclut en proposant quelques pistes d’amélioration d...

  14. Motivace ke studiu psychologie

    OpenAIRE

    TENKL, Tomáš

    2013-01-01

    This undergraduate thesis is focused on motivation for studying psychology. The theoretical part contains topics of psychology of motivation, formal classification of motives, explanation of self-determination theory and theory of implicit and explicit motivation. Another topic in theoretical part considers helping professions and includes ? chapters about altruism, motivation for helping professions, the helper syndrome and the burnout syndrome. Further there are described projective methods...

  15. The Politics of Race and Patriarchy in Claire-Solange, âme africaine by Suzanne Lacascade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie Orlando

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Racial discrimination, colonialism, marginalization, and imperial politics are the components of Martinican author Suzanne Lacascade's 1924 novel, Claire-Solange, âme africaine . This little-known work is shrouded in mystery. Less information is available about the author or under what circumstances she conceptualized and completed her novel. Lacascade probably contributed to various reviews and journals of the first days of the Négritude movement. The novel offers one of the first discourses on race, racial mixing, hierarchy, and colonialism as construed by blacks and whites. The author defies the power of men over women in French society of the early twentieth century. Racialized parameters are synthesized, most significantly, through the protagonist Claire-Solange's views and opinions on, two environments: the first is France, whose language she speaks fluently but in which she feels foreign; and the second African, a mythical place to which she is drawn due to her African ancestry filtered through her island home of Martinique. The author offers her readers a window on the life of a mulatta woman who is caught in the middle of white and black, forced, in the end, to live in a French, beige in-between, forever considered an étrangère because of her color.

  16. Economic aspects of electricity and industrial heat generating reactors; Aspect economique des reacteurs produisant de l'electricite et de la chaleur industrielle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaussens, J; Moulle, N; Dutheil, F [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Aldebert, J [Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucleaires (INSTN), CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif sur Yvette (France)

    1964-07-01

    The economic advantage of electricity-generating nuclear stations decreases when their size decreases. However, when a counter-pressure turbine is joined on to a reactor and the residual heat can be properly used, it can be shown that fairly low capacity nuclear equipment may compete with conventional equipment under certain realistic enough conditions. The aim of this paper is to define these special conditions under which nuclear energy can be profitable. They are connected with the location and the general economic environment of the station, the pattern of the electricity and heat demands it must meet, the level of fuel and specific capital costs, nuclear and conventional. These conditions entail certain technical and economic specifications for the reactors used in this way otherwise they are unlikely to be competitive. In addition, these results are referred to the potential steam and electricity market, which leads us to examine certain uses for the heat generated by double purpose power stations; for example, to supply combined industrial plants, various types of town heating and for removal of salt from sea water. (authors) [French] L'interet economique de centrales nucleaires productrices d'electricite decroit lorsque la puissance decroit. Cependant, lorsqu'on associe une turbine a contrepression a un reacteur et qu'il est possible d'utiliser dans de bonnes conditions la chaleur residuelle, on peut montrer que dans certaines conditions assez realistes, des equipements nucleaires d'une puissance unitaire peu elevee peuvent etre competitifs avec des equipements conventionnels. Cette communication a donc pour but de mettre en evidence quelles sont ces conditions particulieres de rentabilite de l'energie nucleaire. Elles sont liees a la localisation de la centrale et a son contexte economique general, a la structure de la demande d'energie electrique et thermique a laquelle elle doit satisfaire, au niveau des couts des combustibles et des investissements

  17. Economic aspects of electricity and industrial heat generating reactors; Aspect economique des reacteurs produisant de l'electricite et de la chaleur industrielle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaussens, J.; Moulle, N.; Dutheil, F. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Aldebert, J. [Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucleaires (INSTN), CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif sur Yvette (France)

    1964-07-01

    The economic advantage of electricity-generating nuclear stations decreases when their size decreases. However, when a counter-pressure turbine is joined on to a reactor and the residual heat can be properly used, it can be shown that fairly low capacity nuclear equipment may compete with conventional equipment under certain realistic enough conditions. The aim of this paper is to define these special conditions under which nuclear energy can be profitable. They are connected with the location and the general economic environment of the station, the pattern of the electricity and heat demands it must meet, the level of fuel and specific capital costs, nuclear and conventional. These conditions entail certain technical and economic specifications for the reactors used in this way otherwise they are unlikely to be competitive. In addition, these results are referred to the potential steam and electricity market, which leads us to examine certain uses for the heat generated by double purpose power stations; for example, to supply combined industrial plants, various types of town heating and for removal of salt from sea water. (authors) [French] L'interet economique de centrales nucleaires productrices d'electricite decroit lorsque la puissance decroit. Cependant, lorsqu'on associe une turbine a contrepression a un reacteur et qu'il est possible d'utiliser dans de bonnes conditions la chaleur residuelle, on peut montrer que dans certaines conditions assez realistes, des equipements nucleaires d'une puissance unitaire peu elevee peuvent etre competitifs avec des equipements conventionnels. Cette communication a donc pour but de mettre en evidence quelles sont ces conditions particulieres de rentabilite de l'energie nucleaire. Elles sont liees a la localisation de la centrale et a son contexte economique general, a la structure de la demande d'energie electrique et thermique a laquelle elle doit satisfaire, au niveau des couts des

  18. Economic outlook for radiometric selection of ores; Possibilites ouvertes en matiere economique par selection radiometrique des minerais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Formery, P.; Ziegler, V. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Usine du Bouchet, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    coupure etant realisee par une appreciation des rayonnements, il s'introduit une certaine alteration des rendements poids et metal. Une correction s'est donc averee indispensable. Une etude concernant l'interet economique de la coupure a ete faite et un exemple de valorisation possible au sein d'un gisement d'un quartier a la limite d'exploitabilite a ete donne. (auteur)

  19. Economic outlook for radiometric selection of ores; Possibilites ouvertes en matiere economique par selection radiometrique des minerais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Formery, P; Ziegler, V [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Usine du Bouchet, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    alteration des rendements poids et metal. Une correction s'est donc averee indispensable. Une etude concernant l'interet economique de la coupure a ete faite et un exemple de valorisation possible au sein d'un gisement d'un quartier a la limite d'exploitabilite a ete donne. (auteur)

  20. SITUATIONS ET TENDANCES Les agricultures familiales africaines face à la mondialisation : le défi d‘une autre transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bosc Pierre-Marie

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available L’agriculture africaine fait face à une situation inédite liée au processus de mondialisation, mais aussi à la forte croissance relative de sa population agricole durant le dernier quart du xxe siècle, contrairement à d’autres continents (ou pays continents. Paradoxalement, alors que l’Afrique se trouve marginalisée dans les échanges commerciaux, sur lesquels se focalise le débat international en matière agricole, l’agriculture africaine et le développement rural restent des domaines stratégiques pour les politiques publiques qui doivent prendre en compte la configuration démographique et économique spécifique du continent. La question du type d’agriculture qui accompagnera la nécessaire transition économique et agricole africaine est en débat. Alors que certains opérateurs et décideurs soutiennent le développement d’une agriculture d’entreprise, les organisations paysannes font massivement le choix de défendre l’agriculture familiale comme axe privilégié de développement, car elle fournit emplois et revenus pour le plus grand nombre. Cependant, les organisations doivent faire face à un rapport de force inégal avec les autres acteurs privés issus du processus de libération. Renforcer leurs capacités de proposition et de négociation apparaît dès lors comme une condition permettant d’envisager une refondation des politiques publiques sur la base d’une réelle contribution des ruraux.

  1. [Carl Gustav Jung's Theatrum Mundi. Can the description of modern alchemy in Jung's Psychologie und Alchemie be really regarded as a historical reconstruction?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Płonka-Syroka, B

    2000-01-01

    In his work, Psychologie und Alchemie, published in 1944, Jung wanted to present a reconstruction of alchemy. In order to do this he used a method of psychology, which he modified and enriched with inspirations drawn from neo-romantically-oriented German medical historiographies of the nineteen thirties. Using historical materials, he intended to demonstrate the empirical character of his Depth Psychology, a widespread concept, ingrained in our supra-personal social unconscious. The present article questions the nature of Jung's reconstruction of alchemy as historical reconstruction. The author presents the methodological bases referred to by Jung derived from his concept of medical practice and compares them with a manner of thinking typical of contemporary historical analysis. The article also presents Jung's inspirations from the medical historiography of his time, as well as the dissimilarity of his concept with the model of historical narrative construction in force in the historiography of the thirties and forties. At the same time, it presents the elements of the "romantic inheritance" in Jung's thought, drawn from the tradition of German non-materialistic medicine of the first half of the nineteenth century.

  2. UNION ECONOMIQUE ET MONETAIRE

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    aagmohamed

    Monsieur le Vice-président du Centre de Recherche pour le Développement. International,. Messieurs les Présidents de la Cour de Justice et de la Cour des Comptes ;. Chers collègues Commissaires de l'UEMOA ;. Monsieur le Commissaire de la CEDEAO,. Messieurs les membres de la Cour de Justice et de la Cour des ...

  3. efficience technico-economique

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    ABSTRACT. TECHNICO-ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY : CASE OF THE PRODUCERS OF ONION AND POTATO IN KNOW IN MOROCCO. In the new context ... Key words : Technico-economic efficiency, stochastic frontier, potato production, onion production, Morocco ..... sont le labour, le cover-cropage et le traçage. 82 % des ...

  4. De l'écrit à l'écran : Les réécritures filmiques du roman africain francophone

    OpenAIRE

    Tcheuyap, Alexie

    2004-01-01

    African francophone novel - semiology of the image - postcolonial poetics and theory - literary texts - African cinema - African cinema - adaptation De l’écrit à l’écran est le premier ouvrage qui aborde la question de la réécriture filmique du roman africain francophone. Il se sert de la sémiologie de l’image, de la poétique et des théories post-coloniales pour définir les enjeux théoriques, idéologiques et sémantiques régissant le passage des textes littéraires au cinéma. Il identifie de...

  5. Agronomie Africaine: Advanced Search

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Search tips: Search terms are case-insensitive; Common words are ignored; By default only articles containing all terms in the query are returned (i.e., AND is implied); Combine multiple words with OR to find articles containing either term; e.g., education OR research; Use parentheses to create more complex queries; e.g., ...

  6. Agronomie Africaine: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    caractères de taille 12), avec une marge de 4 cm, et expédiés en quatre exemplaires sur du papier format 21 x 29,7 cm à l'éditeur, en plus de la version électronique sur disquette 3.5 , et en fichier joint à l'adresse postale suivante : La Rédaction de ...

  7. Economics of Food Irradiation; Aspects Economiques de l'Irradiation des Denrees Alimentaires; Ehkonomicheskie aspekty oblucheniya pishchevykh produktov; Aspectos Economicos de la Irradiacion de Aumentos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Killam, E. R.; Ketchum, H. W.; Deitch, J.; Osburn, Jr., J. W. [United States Department of Commerce, Business and Defense Services Administration, Washington, DC (United States)

    1966-11-15

    procede, ni pour un meme produit. Les possibilites techniques et economiques varient considerablement pour divers produits alimentaires soumis a un meme traitement ou a des traitements differents. Les procedes d'irradiation et les produits sont etudies. Des etudes recentes ayant trait aux aspects economiques de l'irradiation des produits alimentaires sont brievement analysees; les conclusions sur les possibilites economiques sont resumees. Les auteurs etudient les reactions des milieux industriels a l'egard d'un projet d'installation pilote d'irradiation de la viande, patronne par l'Armee americaine et la CEA des Etats-Unis et coordonne par le Departement du commerce. Les facteurs qui determineront l'orientation, l'ampleur et le succes commercial de la conservation des aliments par les rayonnements ionisants sont analyses. ] Les progres dans les quatre domaines cites sont essentiels au succes de l'irradiation des aliments; sinon, les facteurs en question limiteraient le developpement de cette technique. La commercialisation des produits alimentaires irradies ne sera finalement possible et rentable que si le consommateur accepte la marchandise et s'il s'etablit un rapport favorable entre les avantages et le cout des operations. Parmi les avantages escomptes figurent la diminution du prix de revient et l'augmentation du profit dus a la reduction des pertes par deterioration, l'augmentation'de la duree de conservation et du perimetre de distribution, l'expansion du marche et l'amelioration de la qualite. ,Finalement, pour assurer le succes economique de cette technique nouvelle, il faudra montrer clairement que ces avantages depasseront suffisamment les frais supplementaires de traitement pour susciter les investissements prives necessaires et faire accepter les risques inherents au procede. (author) [Spanish] En la memoria se trata de los progresos realizados en los Estados Unidos en lo que respecta a la irradiacion comercial de alimentos y se examinan sus perspectivas. En

  8. Aperçu de la recherche sur le temps et les temporalités en psychologie sociale Research on time and temporalities in social psychology : limits and advances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marc Ramos

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Il n’y a pas de recherche programmatique sur les questions temporelles en psychologie sociale. C’est la conclusion que l’on peut tirer de deux bilans convergents sur la production scientifique contemporaine. Nous montrons dans cet article qu’il existe néanmoins des foyers de recherche, traditionnellement sur les perspectives temporelles et plus récemment sur la mémoire sociale ; ce qui doit nous rassurer sur l’avenir de la recherche temporaliste dans cette discipline.There is no programmatic research on temporal matters  in social psychology. This is the conclusion we can draw from two converging assessments on contemporary scientific production. We show in this article that hotbeds of research nonetheless exist, traditionally focused on time perspective, and more recently on social memory; which must reassure us about the future of temporalistic research in this discipline.

  9. Psychologie investora na trhu FOREX

    OpenAIRE

    Polnický, Martin

    2013-01-01

    In the introduction, this dissertation about "Psychology of an investor on the Forex market" introduces to the reader the prerequisites for trading on the foreign exchange market. On a theoretical level, it deals mostly with fundamental, technical as well as psychological analysis of prediction of development of exchange rates on the Foreign Exchange Market. Theoretical part also includes an outline of basic criteria for choosing a Forex broker and introduction of a trading platform. Practica...

  10. Cultuur, psychologie, omgevingsvormgeving en zelfoverstijging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boerwinkel, H.W.J.

    1986-01-01

    Development as manifested both in the culture as a whole and in individuals is based on a dialectical process. This is the central theme of this study.

    The nature of this dialectical process is explored in order to assess to what extent it may contribute to a solution of what has been

  11. Consensus formalisé: recommandations de pratiques cliniques pour la prise en charge de la lombalgie aiguë du patient africain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elleuch, Mohamed; El Maghraoui, Abdellah; Griene, Brahim; Nejmi, Mati; Ndongo, Souhaibou; Serrie, Alain

    2015-01-01

    La lombalgie aiguë est la pathologie rhumatismale la plus fréquente en Afrique. L’épidémiologie et la présentation clinique ne diffèrent pas de celles observées sur les autres continents. En revanche, les aspects psycho-sociaux, la disponibilité des traitements, l'accès aux soins et le poids culturel des médecines traditionnelles sont autant de spécificités qui ont conduit à la réalisation du 1er consensus d'experts en rhumatologie pour la prise en charge du patient africain. Destiné aux praticiens, ce travail collaboratif multinational a pour objectif de fournir 11 recommandations de pratiques cliniques simples, fondées sur les preuves, et adaptées aux conditions de l'exercice médical en Afrique. Leur ambition est d'améliorer la prise en charge de la lombalgie aigue par une évaluation initiale clinique pertinente, une diminution des examens radiologiques inutiles, une prescription médicamenteuse adéquate et l'abandon de procédures invasives inappropriées. PMID:26955427

  12. Economics of Food Irradiation; Aspects Economiques de l'Irradiation des Produits Alimentaires; Voprosy ehkonomichnosti obrabotki produktov pitaniya posredstvom oblucheniya; Aspectos Economicos de la Irradiacion de Alimentos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rindorf, H. [A/S Radest, Herstedoester (Denmark)

    1966-11-15

    , pour un industriel, la question de savoir s'il adoptera cette technique depend principalement de considerations d'ordre economique. Au Danemark, une entreprise industrielle a maintenant juge qu'il etait rentable de construire une installation de taille industrielle a fins multiples, equipee d'une machine americaine Linac, qui permettra de traiter des produits alimentaires. Jusqu'a present, seules quelques entreprises dans le monde disposent de donnees concretes sur les prix de revient pour le traitement industriel des produits alimentaires, mais les chiffres concernant d'autres domaines peuvent donner des indications. Pour les calculs pratiques, il est utile de classer les installations selon la caracteristique principale des operations, par exemple: traitement des produits 'en vrac', des articles 'moyens', des articles ' petits', et installations a ' fins multiples'; les produits alimentaires peuvent entrer sous n'importe laquelle de ces rubriques. Le cout de l'irradiation depend des proprietes du produit, du type d'installation, des quantites annuelles et mensuelles traitees, des doses, des normes de controle, des exigences speciales pour le reemballage et autres operations de manutention, etc. Dans chaque cas particulier on ne peut obtenir de chiffres surs que par un calcul precis, mais pour une evaluation preliminaire l'industriel dispose de plusieurs gammes generales de prix et il est deja evident, en ce qui concerne diverses operations, que l'irradiation est economiquement rentable. Outre l'economie de l'installation, il serait bon que l'entrepreneur etudie certains problemes commerciaux generaux, tels que la preference du consommateur et la structure du marche pour la denree en question. Le plus souvent, le meilleur moyen a cette fin consiste a commercialiser une production pilote avant de decider d'investir de grosses sommes dans du materiel tres specialise. Pour certains produits, des essais fructueux ont deja ete faits sur le marche par des organismes de

  13. Economic study of an installation for uranium isotope separation by gaseous diffusion; Etude economique d'une installation de separation des isotopes de l'uranium par diffusion gazeuse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bilous, O [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    This report describes the major problems which arise in the choice of characteristics required in a gaseous diffusion installation for the separation of uranium isotopes. This choice depends largely on economic evaluations, and also on considerations of simplicity. The choice of working pressures and of the characteristics of the membrane are described, as are the possible alternatives regarding the structure of the stages and the problems of control. (author) [French] Ce rapport decrit les problemes majeurs qui se posent dans le choix des caracteristiques d'une installation de diffusion gazeuse destinee a la separation des isotopes de l'uranium. Ce choix depend en grande partie d'evaluations economiques et repose egalement sur des considerations de simplicite. On decrit ainsi le choix des pressions d'operation, celui des caracteristiques de la barriere, les alternatives possibles concernant la structure des etages et les problemes de regulation. (auteur)

  14. Influence de la température sur le développement de la puce africaine du chat Ctenocephalides felis strongylus (Jordan, 1925 (Siphonaptera : Pulicidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao K.P.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Ctenocephalides felis (Bouché, 1835 communément appelée “puce du chat” présente deux sous-espèces reconnues : Ctenocephalides felis strongylus (Jordan, 1925 inféodée au continent africain et Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché, 1835 présente dans les zones à climat tempéré (Afrique du Nord, Europe et Amérique (Ménier et Beaucournu, 1999. En Afrique subsaharienne, la principale puce retrouvée chez les animaux de compagnie et chez certains animaux d’élevage (ovins, caprins et bovins appartient à la sous-espèce C. f. strongylus. Quelques paramètres bio-écologiques de C. f. strongylus ont été étudiés dans différentes conditions d’élevage. Les résultats ont été comparés à ceux de C. f. felis actuellement disponibles. À 75% ± 5 d’humidité relative, le cycle de développement de C. f. strongylus dure 20-21 jours à 27 °C et de 16 à 17 jours à 29 °C. Ainsi, la sousespèce africaine de la puce du chat (C. f. strongylus se développe moins vite que C. f. felis à températures identiques. Cette différence pourrait s’expliquer par l’influence du climat de leurs aires de distribution respectives sur leur cycle de développement. À 75% ± 5 d’humidité relative, les adultes de C. f. strongylus ne peuvent survivre plus de 14 jours dans l’environnement à des températures comprises entre 27 et 29 °C, lorsqu’elles n’ont jamais pris de repas sanguin. Dans ces mêmes conditions, la durée de survie n’excède pas 16 jours à 19 °C. Mais lorsque C. f. strongylus a pris un premier repas de sang, elle a une durée de vie beaucoup plus courte lorsqu’elle est hors de son hôte. En effet, aucun individu n’est retrouvé vivant trois jours passé hors de la fourrure de son hôte à 29 °C, cinq jours à 27 °C et huit jours à 19 °C. Il en est de même pour C. f. felis. Ces données sur la bio-écologie de C. f. strongylus permettent de comprendre l’influence de la température sur son cycle de d

  15. Les semences d’arachide en milieu paysannal africain : éléments pour une organisation de la filière

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schilling Robert

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available L’arachide tient une place de choix dans les systèmes agraires africains, notamment en zone de savane, en rotation ou en association avec le vivrier de base. L’approvisionnement en semences, dans ce cadre caractérisé par le mode de production paysannal, revêt une importance stratégique et constitue un préalable indispensable à toute action d’amélioration de la filière. Les systèmes semenciers « arachide » dans la sous-région sont rarement efficaces, faute d’avoir su trouver une alternative aux systèmes monopolistiques ou para-étatiques, d’ailleurs coûteux et en général peu performants, mis en place dans la période qui a suivi les indépendances puis supprimés dans la décennie 80-90. Le contexte de libéralisation économique qui prévaut aujourd’hui conduit à préconiser le désengagement de l’État et la participation active d’opérateurs semenciers privés, mais aucun dispositif fondé sur ces principes n’a encore fait ses preuves. Il en résulte, sur le terrain, un vide structurel qui vient aggraver le déficit chronique en semences. Le débat qui s’est engagé sur ce thème se limite par trop aux aspects et aux opérateurs institutionnels, sous-estimant le rôle de l’agriculteur lui-même. La présente étude tente de faire le point et de dégager des orientations générales, le problème se posant d’ailleurs dans les mêmes termes dans d’autres régions et pour d’autres cultures (soja, haricot qui appellent des solutions du même type. Les systèmes et les techniques de multiplication/conservation/diffusion de semences d’arachide, tels qu’ils ont été définis et mis en oeuvre en Afrique de l’Ouest et principalement au Sénégal, ont été présentés dans un précédent article [1] et étudiés lors d’un atelier régional tenu en mars 2001 [2]. Une enquête a été conduite par la FAO et le Coraf (Conseil ouest et centre africain pour la recherche et le développement agricoles

  16. Le spectre culturel et métaphorique dans Le vieux nègre et la médaille de Ferdinand Oyono : étude de quelques implicites sur un génocide culturel africain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Ndibnu-Messina Ethé

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet article met en relief les turpitudes d’un élu dénommé Meka, afin d’identifier l’impact du colonialisme non seulement sur les comportements des Africains avant et après les indépendances mais également les agissements des occidentaux. L’usage abondant des métaphores et de l’ironie fait ressortir les implicites sur la situation burlesque du personnage principal qui devient progressivement conscient de son exploitation. Au final, Meka, quasiment phagocyté culturellement, participant inconscient de l’éradication de l’identité culturelle camerounaise et serviteur soumis, met en avant son occidentalisation, symbole de la destruction idéologique croissante des valeurs culturelles traditionnelles chez les Camerounais.

  17. La Trypanosomose Humaine Africaine dans l’espace ivoiro-burkinabé : optimisation des stratégies de surveillance épidémiologique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kambiré R.

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif de cet article est de décrire les récentes données de surveillance médicale de la Trypanosomose Humaine Africaine (THA au Burkina Faso et en Côte d’Ivoire afin (i de dresser un bilan de la situation actuelle de la maladie dans ces deux pays qui entretiennent depuis plus d’un siècle des liens migratoires, économiques et épidémiologiques intimes et (ii de définir les stratégies à mettre en place dans l’objectif d’une élimination durable. Les résultats de la surveillance active et passive ont montré que les trypanosomés dépistés au Burkina-Faso ces dernières années sont tous des cas importés provenant de Côte d’Ivoire. Cependant, la réintroduction du parasite est effective et le risque d’une reprise de la transmission existe. En Côte d’Ivoire, plusieurs foyers “historiques” toujours endémiques font craindre des phénomènes de réémergence et de propagation. Dans l’objectif d’une élimination durable de la THA dans ces deux pays, les acteurs de la lutte doivent adapter leur système de surveillance en fonction des différents contextes épidémiologiques. Les prévalences actuelles ne justifient plus, excepté des cas particuliers, l’usage systématique et très onéreux du dépistage actif par prospections médicales exhaustives. Elles tendent plutôt à privilégier des systèmes intégrés aux systèmes de santé nationaux et utiliser des méthodes permettant de cibler les zones prioritaires d’intervention à partir notamment d’un échange d’informations épidémiologiques entre les deux pays. Pour accompagner le processus d’élimination durable, les acteurs de la recherche doivent étudier le rôle respectif des réservoirs humain et animal dans le maintien de la transmission, participer au suivi sur le long terme des cas traités et des suspects sérologiques, et évaluer en termes de coût/efficacité les stratégies mises en place par les Programmes Nationaux afin de les

  18. Some economic aspects of natural uranium graphite gas reactor types. Present status and trends of costs in France; Quelques aspects economiques de la filiere uranium naturel - Graphite - gaz. Etat actuel et tendance des couts en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaussens, J; Tanguy, P [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Leo, B [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France)

    1964-07-01

    reduction in investment costs can be obtained without relying on fuel enrichment, and that this development is accompanied moreover by improvements in the operational safety of the reactor. The economic aspects of the main technical problems entailed by these developments are discussed: loading and unloading machines, blowers etc... (authors) [French] Dans une premiere partie, on situe l'interet economique de l'utilisation de l'uranium naturel comme combustible. Cet interet reside a la fois dans le nombre limite et la simplicite relative des operations de mise en forme des elements combustibles, dans le faible cout du produit fini par kwh et dans les immobilisations modestes en capital qu'implique ce cycle par rapport ou cycle de l'uranium enrichi. Tous ces elements permettent de reduire le caractere aleatoire des evaluations des couts, particulierement marque dans le cas de l'uranium enrichi, en raison de la complexite de son cycle et des incertitudes concernant le prix du plutonium. Enfin, la diversite des sources d'approvisionnement en concentre d'uranium naturel opposee au quasi monopole actuel de la separation isotopique, et le faible cout du stockage de ce concentre, offrent des garanties en matiere de securite d'approvisionnement et d'independance economique et politique appreciables par rapport a l'uranium enrichi. En ce qui concerne l'ensemble des capitaux immobilises, on montre que si le cout des centrales au graphite-gaz est plus eleve que celui des centrales eau legere pour certaines gammes de puissance, ce resultat est fortement nuance des que l'on fait intervenir dans un souci d'independance nationale le cout de l'equipement de production des combustibles de l'une et l'autre filiere. Enfin, le cout marginal de la puissance du reacteur au graphite est faible, ses limitations technologiques ont considerablement recule (grace en particulier a l'utilisation du beton precontraint). On sait que la tendance actuelle est a l'accroissement de la puissance unitaire des

  19. Les Africaines Et Les Tic

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Enquête sur les technologies, la question de genre et autonomisation ...... Polachek, S. (1981) «Occupational self-selection: a human capital approach to sex ...... in the Computer Science major », Communications of the ACM, 44(5) : 108–14.

  20. Institut Africain de Gestion Urbaine

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    DALBERG

    agriculture urbaine, des déchets solides ... programme de concilier son travail quotidien qu'est l'exécution des projets à la recherche de nouveaux ... projets et programme portant sur la gestion des déchets, l'agriculture urbaine et la planification.

  1. Technical and Economic Problems Associated with the Development of Methods of Processing and Using Radioactive Waste; Problemes techniques et economiques lies au developpement des methodes de traitement et d'utilisation des dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thiriet, L; Sauteron, J; Oger, C [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-Aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-07-01

    The paper briefly reviews the various techniques used in processing the radioactive wastes which unavoidably result from the generation of electric power from nuclear sources. The paper goes on to define the relative importance, in nuclear fuel cycles, of the problem raised by these wastes. Emphasis is placed on the economic influence of management policies on the cost of power generation, and hence on the relative position of nuclear energy. A substantial percentage of these wastes can be economically utilized. Attention is drawn to the major technical and economic features of the industry which will come into being as a result of this utilization. The major uses anticipated are discussed: radiation sources, heat sources, auxiliary power generation. The paper concludes that satisfactory solutions have already been found to these problems, and describes possible improvements. (author) [French] La communication rappelle d'abord succinctement les differentes techniques de traitement des dechets radioactifs resultant necessairement de la production d'electricite d'origine nucleaire. On situe ensuite l'importance du probleme pose par ces residus dans le cycle du combustible nucleaire. On fait ressortir l'influence economique du choix des methodes de gestion sur le cout de production de l'energie, et par consequent sur la place devolue a l'energie nucleaire. Une part importante de ces dechets peut faire l'objet d'une utilisation rentable de l'industrie qui naitra de cette utilisation. Les principales applications envisagees sont evoquees: sources d'irradiation, sources chauffantes, generateurs auxiliaires d'energie. On conclut que d'ores et deja des solutions satisfaisantes ont ete apportees a ces problemes, et l'on decrit les perspectives d'amelioration concevables. (auteur)

  2. Les débouchés énergétiques de l'agriculture de la Communauté Economique Européenne Energy Outlets for Agriculture in the European Economic Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Becker J. J.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available L'agriculture de la Communauté Economique Européenne (CEE connaît une crise profonde au niveau de ses débouchés. Ainsi, même dans un contexte où l'indépendance énergétique n'est plus une préoccupation majeure, une production massive d'énergie par l'agriculture reste un projet à priori digne d'intérêt. Cette étude précise les modalités d'application concrètes d'une telle politique et tente une évaluation économique permettant d'apprécier la viabilité d'un tel schéma. Elle présente, en particulier, un positionnement par rapport aux solutions agricoles plus classiques actuellement mises en oeuvre et qui pourtant ne sont guère satisfaisantes. Agriculture in the EEC is in the midst of a deep crisis concerning its outlets. Even in a context where energy independence is no longer a major preoccupation, massive energy production by agriculture is still a problem worthy of interest, a priori. This article specifies concrete procedures for applying such a policy and tries to make an economic evaluation to assess the viability of such a scheme. In particular, it describes a position in relation to the most conventional agricultural solutions now being implemented and that are proving not to be very satisfactory.

  3. Sexe, juju et migrations. Regard anthropologique sur les processus migratoires de femmes africaines en France Sex, Juju and Migrations. An Anthropological Look at the Migratory Processes of African Women in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise Guillemaut

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available L’article propose une réflexion sur la problématique de la prostitution de fem­mes africaines dans les rues en France. S’agit-il de trafics d’êtres humains ou de phénomènes de migrations ? Quel est le rôle des rituels magiques (juju dans ce contexte ? Comment les femmes concernées vivent-elles leur situation ? Nous examinerons les différentes modalités de mobilité géographique des femmes africaines et nous entendrons comment les femmes elles-mêmes parlent du juju, de leurs rapports aux croyances magiques ou religieuses. Les résultats présentés ici sont le fruit d’un terrain de 12 années passées au contact quotidien des fem­mes concernées. En conclusion, nous tenterons de mettre en évidence les para­doxes que révèlent ces observations par rapport aux discours majoritaires et aux normes en vigueur sur le sujet de la traite des êtres humains.The article proposes studying the problematic of the prostitution of African women in the streets of France. Is it about a traffic of human beings or a migratory phenomena? What is the role of ritual magics (juju in this context? How do the women concerned live in their situation? We will examine the various methods of geographical mobility of the African women and we will listen to what the women themselves say about juju, and their relationships to magical or religious beliefs. The results presented here are the fruit of a 12 year field study in daily contact with the women concerned. In conclusion, we shall try to highlight the paradoxes these observations reveal in comparison with commonly heard talk and the standards in force on the subject of traffic in human beings.

  4. Semantique et psychologie (Semantics and Psychology)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Ny, Jean-Francois

    1975-01-01

    Semantic activities constitute a sub-class of psychological activities; from this point of departure the article discusses such topics as: idiosyncrasies, meaning and causality, internal determinants, neo-associationism, componential theories, noun- and verb-formation, sentences and propositions, semantics and cognition, mnemesic compontents, and…

  5. Economic Management of a Centre for Processing Radioactive Residues; Gestion Economique D'un Centre de Traitement de Residus Radioactifs; Ehkonomicheskij aspekt obrashcheniya s radioaktivnymi otkhodami v obrabatyvayushchem tsentre; Gestion Economica de un Centro de Tratamiento de Desechos Radiactivos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Lint, J. M. [BELGONUCLEAIRE, Bruxelles (Belgium)

    1966-02-15

    The paper shows the differences between the operations of an industrial undertaking and an installation for residue processing and describes the auditing system of an industry concerned with various phases of processing. It shows that the auditing programme is necessarily and intimately connected with the general organization of the entire undertaking and that it is a useful tool of economic management. In this connection, the paper deals at length with the auditing principles used in arriving at - the overall cost of the final product, - the specific cost of each processing phase,. (author) [French] Apres avoir expose les differences existant entre les operations effectuees par une entreprise industrielle et par une installation de traitement des residus, le memoire decrit la comptabilite d'une industrie comprenant plusieurs phases de traitement. Il montre comment le plan comptable est necessairement et intimement lie a l'organisation generale de l'ensemble de l'entreprise et est un outil utile de gestion economique, A cette fin, le memoire developpe les principes comptables permettant d'etablir: - le prix de revient global du produit final obtenu, - les prix de revient specifiques de chaque phase de traitement partiel. (author) [Spanish] Despues de exponer las diferencias que existen entre las operaciones efectuadas en una empresa industrial y en una instalacion de tratamiento de desechos, el autor analiza la contabilidad de una industria que comprende diversas fases de tratamiento. Muestra como el plan contable esta necesaria e intimamente vinculado a la organizacion general del conjunto de la empresa y es un instrumento util de gestion economica. Con este fin, desarrolla los principios contables que permiten establecer: - el precio de costo global del producto final obtenido, - los precios de costo especificos de cada fase de tratamiento parcial. (author) [Russian] Posle Izlozhenija Razlichij, Sushhestvujushhih Mezhdu Operacijami Na Promyshlennom Predprijatii I

  6. Diaspora portoricaine et musique rap à New-York : entre latinité et culture africaine américaine Puerto Rican diaspora and rap music in New-York city: between “latininad” and African American culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphane Partel

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Le rap a atteint un succès sans précédent auprès des jeunes urbains aux Etats-Unis et dans les grandes mégalopoles du monde entier. Ce genre musical, figure de proue du hip-hop, s’est affirmé dès les années 1970 comme un moyen d’expression diasporique reflétant les expériences, les rapports complexes et les interactions culturelles entre Africains Américains, Jamaïcains et Portoricains de la diaspora vivant à New York. Cependant, le positionnement des artistes issus de la diaspora portoricaine a été peu étudié. Nourri de séjours d’observation participante et de recherches réalisés entre 2005 et 2008, ainsi que de la fréquentation assidue des concerts du collectif artistique portoricain The Terror Squad auxquels l’auteur a pu assister, cet article se propose doncd’analyser le rôle central des artistes issus de la diaspora portoricaine de New York à travers l’étude du rap, élément le plus médiatisé du hip-hop. Il devient ainsi possible de mieux entrevoir les tensions, convergences et interactions culturelles qui régissent les rapports complexes qui s’établissent entre la latinité des Portoricains et la culture africaine-américaine urbaine depuis plus d’une trentaine d’années dans le milieu du rap.Rap music has achieved unprecedented success among urban youth in the United States and in big cities around the world. As a key element of hip-hop this musical style has been asserting its strength since the 1970s as a reflection of the diasporic experience and the complex cultural interactions between African Americans, Jamaicans and Puerto Ricans of the diaspora living in New York. However, scant research has been conducted on the role of Puerto Rican artists of the diaspora living in New York. Therefore, based on field trips and participant observation undertaken between 2005 and 2008 and the concerts of the Puerto Rican rap group The Terror Squad that the author was able to attend frequently, the

  7. La psychologie de la religion au regard de la psychologie culturelle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Belzen, J.

    2011-01-01

    After clarifying what specific type of psychology the psychology of religion is, this paper introduces cultural psychology as a promising approach for research on religious phenomena. The paper distinguishes three variants in cultural psychology, reviews contemporary research in cultural psychology,

  8. LA PERFORMANCE ECONOMIQUE DE LA FILIERE TOMATE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    superficies (et donc les rendements) sont parfois différentes selon la source qui les fournit comme le ... La fabrication de double concentré de tomate est obtenue soit à partir de .... A compter de 2001, la taxation à la frontière du triple concentré.

  9. Economic Effect on the Plutonium Cycle of Employing {sup 235}U in Fast Reactor Start-Up; Incidence Economique du Demarrage des Reacteurs Rapides a l'Aide d'Uranium-235 sur le Cycle du Plutonium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Dievoet, J.; Egleme, M.; Hermans, L. [BELGONUCLEAIRE, Bruxelles (Belgium)

    1967-09-15

    factors, inventory factors) from one cycle to another, with a comparative study of the use of {sup 235}U in thermal and fast reactors, variations in the discounted fuel cycle costs from one cycle to another, and weight and characteristics of the recycled fuel, of the additional fuel required and of excess fuel. (author) [French] Le memoire presente les premiers resultats d'une etude entreprise dans le cadre d'un contrat d'association Euratom-Belgique et destinee a evaluer l'interet de l'alimentation de reacteurs rapides en uranium-235. Plusieurs possibilites se presentent pour le demarrage d'un reacteur rapide a l'aide d'uranium-235. 1. Le reacteur peut etre alimente en permanence avec de l'uranium enrichi, le plutonium produit servant a demarrer et a alimenter d'autres reacteurs; dans ce cas, l'uranium est recycle dans le reacteur en y ajoutant de l'uranium enrichi. 2. Le plutonium produit dans le reacteur peut etre partiellement recycle dans celui-ci, ainsi que l'uranium; dans ce cas, le reacteur se transforme progressivement en un reacteur au plutonium. Ces deux cas peuvent etre combines pour un reacteur a plusieurs zones d'enrichissement, ou l'on peut appliquer simultanement les deux politiques a des zones differentes, c'est-a-dire: alimenter, par exemple, la zone interne en uranium enrichi et recycler le plutonium dans la zone externe. Le mode de traitement du combustible irradie rend egalement le probleme complexe, selon que l'on traite ensemble ou separement le coeur et les couvertures axiales; de meme, pour un reacteur a plusieurs zones d'enrichissement, celles-ci peuvent etre traitees ensemble ou separement. Les calculs sont effectues a l'aide d'un code de calcul utilisant, pour lavpartie relative aux caracteristiques des reacteurs successifs, les coefficients d'equivalence definis par Baker and Ross et, pour la partie economique, la methode du cout actualise du cycle du combustible. Dans la premiere phase des travaux, une analyse approcheedu phenomene a ete

  10. Agronomie Africaine - Vol 19, No 2 (2007)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... De L\\'utilisation Des Engrais Mineraux Dans Les Zones De Production Du Riz : Cas Du Centre-Ouest De La Côte D\\'ivoire · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. JTB Gala, M Camara, A Assa, JZ Keli, 173-185. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/aga.v19i2.1711 ...

  11. Vers un nouvel humanisme : la perspective africaine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouane, Adama

    2014-06-01

    Towards a new humanism: the African perspective - The new integrated holistic humanism is a construct based on a number of frameworks with shared foundations. This article is dedicated to the African perspective, which is simply Africa's contribution to a universal civilisation based on humanistic values that are preserved and constantly rediscovered. The central hypothesis is one of fusion and cross-fertilisation which have followed a variety of paths. The first stage is that of affirming and reclaiming the black identity, and the second is the melding of cultural identities embodied in pan-Africanism, which is itself a bridge to pan-humanism. Both are the result of contact with western civilisation and culture through the medium of colonialism, as a form of domination, assimilation or subordination. They are marked by this proximity, and demand more detailed and endogenous reflection that incorporates precolonial secular values and practices. This is the premise on which the African renaissance is built, and each of its currents has its own ideologues, poets, eulogists and political champions. This analysis indicates that no specific national culture or civilisation can be regarded as the benchmark of human being and becoming, even though everyone is entitled to affirm their specific contribution and perspective.

  12. Agronomie Africaine - Vol 12, No 1 (2000)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... en Côte d'lvoire : Pluridisciplinary research approach to in Vitro tissue culture for the improvement of rubber tree cultivation en Côte d'lvoire, EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. G.B. DEA, M. P. CARRON, E.K. KOFFI, J.Z. KELI, A. LECONTE, C. DRENOU ...

  13. Agronomie Africaine - Vol 17, No 1 (2005)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Associations culturales à base d\\'hévéa : bilan de 20 années d\\'expérimentations en Côte d\\'Ivoire. Partie 1 : Comportement végétatif · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. JZ Keli, H Omont, AA Assiri, KA Boko, S Abouayebe, BG Dea, A Doumbia, 37-52.

  14. Agronomie Africaine - Vol 26, No 3 (2014)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les hybridations interspecifiques dans le genre Phaseolus : selection des genotypes compatibles et caracterisation des hybrides interspecifiques · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. S Silue, IJ Fofana, N Diarrassouba, A Toussaint, G Mergeai, JP Baudoin ...

  15. Agronomie Africaine - Vol 18, No 3 (2006)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Amélioration génétique de Coffea canephora Pierre par hybridation interspécifique : étude de descendances de première génération de Coffea canephora Pierre x Coffea congensis Froenhner · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. AS N'Guetta, KB ...

  16. Commercialisation des escargots geants africains (achatines) dans ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Analyses have been done according to “Structure–Behavior–Performance” approach. The results obtained indicate that women essentially dominate the African giant snails marketing. The marketing network is relatively simple with three main actors namely collectors, wholesalers and dealers. The studied markets are ...

  17. Agronomie Africaine - Vol 18, No 2 (2006)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Epidémiologie comparée de la cercosporiose noire et de la cladosporiose chez le bananier en Côte d\\'Ivoire · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. D Kone, JY Kouadio, S Traore, K Kobenan, S Ake, 175-185. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/aga.v18i2.1691 ...

  18. Agronomie Africaine - Vol 23, No 2 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dynamique foliaire et croissance du maïs: Application du modèle «STICS» en conditions tropicales en RD-Congo · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. MM Lufuluabo, RV Kizungu, KK Nkongolo, 91-102 ...

  19. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal Home > Vol 21, No 2 (2017). Log in or Register to ... Relevant work from elsewhere will however also be considered. ... Women and Liberal Peacebuilding in Post- Conflict Northern Uganda: community social work agenda revisited?

  20. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A Review of Ulf Engel and Joāo Gomes Porto,eds., 2010, Africa's New Peace and Security Architecture: Promoting Norms, Institutionalizing Solutions, Ashgate Publishers, England and USA, ISBN 978 0 7546 7606 5 pbk. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD ...

  1. Agronomie Africaine - Vol 26, No 2 (2014)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Influence du système de logement sur quelques performances zootechniques et économiques des poules pondeuses au Sud-Bénin · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. ML Tossou, CAAM Chrysostome, MF Houndonougbo, A Missohou, FA Abiola, 147- ...

  2. Economic Aspects of the Food Irradiation Programme in Israel; Aspects Economiques du Programme d'Irradiation des Produits Alimentaires en Israel; Ehkonomicheskie aspekty izrail'skoj programmy po oblucheniyu pishchevykh produktov; Aspectos Economicos del Programa de Irradiacion de Alimentos de Israel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lapidot, M.; Foa, E.; Sivan, Y.; Kahan, R. S. [Soreq Nuclear Research Centre, Yavne (Israel)

    1966-11-15

    and onions will help considerably in the rapid adoption of the irradiation technique owing to the clear advantages shown. (author) [French] L'economie de nombreux pays en voie de developpement repose sur l'agriculture, les fruits semi-tropicaux constituant la production essentielle. La recolte et la duree de conservation sont tres breves a cause du climat chaud et humide. Le stockage sous refrigeration est insuffisant ou tres onereux. Les marches ayant une importance economique sont eloignes. Avant d'etudier serieusement la possibilite technique de recourir a l'irradiation, il faut examiner les aspects economiques nationaux de ce procede de traitement des produits alimentaires. Il faut ensuite proceder a des etudes economiques detaillees sur les possibilites de realisation, a mesure que le programme se developpe. Cette enquete technico-economique sur les produits agricoles irradies a ete entreprise en Israeel en juillet 1965. Tous les articles susceptibles de profiter de l'irradiation (fruits et legumes, fourrage, cereales et derives, poisson, viande, volaille et derives) ont ete examines. On a tenu compte du volume des recoltes et des prix correspondant aux campagnes 1962/63 et 1968/69 (d'apres les donnees fournies par le Ministere de l'agriculture). Les frais d'irradiation ont ete evalues d'apres les donnees disponibles et leur extrapolation, pour de petits irradiateurs dans les regions productrices et pour de grands irradiateurs dans les ports et le long des principaux axes routiers. Le traitement superficiel par des accelerateurs d'electrons et le traitement en vrac avec {sup 60}Co, {sup 137}Cs ou par les rayons X ont ete consideres. Cette etude a ete utile a l'etablissement du programme d'etudes technologiques detaillees et d'etudes de rentabilite pour certains articles, et a l'elaboration des previsions concernant les activites de recherche et les applications commerciales jusqu'en 1971. Des resultats preliminaires, notamment l'arret de la germination des pommes

  3. Subconsciously opposed. Unbewusst dagegen. Zur Psychologie der Kernenergiekontroverse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wuenschmann, A

    1982-01-01

    The book deals with the emotional aspects of the controversy on peaceful use of nucleon energy. It would be self-delusion to expect a near end of the nuclear discussion. Advocates and opponents confront each other almost beyond reconcilation, handly prepared to hear the opposite side's arguments. What is the reason. As C.F. von Weizsaecker remarked to the author: 'To understand a phenomenon like the present nuclear energy debate is hardly possible without recurring to psychology'. In this paperback an entirely new approach to the nuclear energy debate is opened. The book has found wide attention. As the 'Neue Zuercher Zeitung' wrote: 'The author's psychology analysis of the nuclear energy controversy and especially its interpretation based on Jung's depth psychology combine to form a terse survey of many phenomena not so far systematically studied'.

  4. Z historie psychologie literatury. Autor jako zkoumaná osoba

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Švanda, Martin

    LII, č. 2 (2008), s. 172-185 ISSN 0009-062X R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA7025402 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : psychology of literature * psychobiography * historiometry Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 0.101, year: 2008

  5. Analyse Multidimensionnelle de la Responsabilite Sociale de la Psychologie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecompte, Conrad; Perron, Jacques

    1980-01-01

    Analyzes the characteristics of counselors' and psychologists' socioprofessional identity, the competencies they value, their perception of themselves as competent professionals, and their value systems. (Author/BEF)

  6. Psychologie en paramedische zorg: raakvlakken en mogelijkheden tot uitwisseling.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dekker, J.

    1993-01-01

    Research on health and behavior is mainly concerned with the interface between psychology and medicine. Although highly appropriate, research on psychology and paramedical care is extremely limited. The goal of the present paper is to describe the interface between psychology and paramedical care

  7. Kulturní a interkulturní psychologie

    OpenAIRE

    Cerha, Ondřej

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the thesis entitled Cultural and cross-cultural psychology is to introduce the fields of cultural psychology and cross-cultural psychology in the Czech Republic. The thesis is a theoretical and literature review. The thesis mainly focuses on the study of relationship between culture and mental life of man. The author also emphasizes the challenges and limits of studies of human psyche in a cross-cultural perspective. Attention is paid to the four thematic areas of psychology: the i...

  8. Terorismus z pohledu sociální psychologie

    OpenAIRE

    Knorková, Alžběta

    2015-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with terrorism from the social psychology perspective. It defines terrorism, its goals and its classifications. This thesis describes personal and group variables, which influence the formation of terrorism. It elaborates on some psychological approaches to terrorism and terrorist personality in the context of motivation, vulnerability, trauma and abnormality. In the context of the terrorist personality, this thesis deals with moral disengagement and the psychologic...

  9. Représenter les lieux et les populations dans une colonie de peuplement: un siècle de recensements sud-africains / Mapping places and people in a settler society: From discrepancy to good fit over one century of South African censuses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Giraut

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Depuis plus d'un siècle, l'Afrique du Sud a connu une remarquable série de recensements. Ceux-ci enregistrent la dynamique du peuplement dans le cadre de catégories socio-spatiales changeantes et liées aux représentations et projets successifs: coloniaux, d'apartheid et post-apartheid. Les premiers recensements proposaient une hiérarchisation des lieux typiques d'une colonie de peuplement. Le mouvement d'urbanisation, impliquant les populations non européennes, s'est traduit par l'évolution de la représentation officielle avec une reconnaissance progressive de localités autochtones. Sur un siècle, la géographie officielle des lieux de peuplement sud-africains est passée d'une perspective de société de pionniers à une perspective postcoloniale reconnaissant l'ensemble des communautés à travers leurs espaces.The dynamics of population and urbanization in South Africa have been recorded by a remarkable set of censuses during the 20th century. These censuses indicate a changing hierarchy of places that is typical of a settler society and of its representations of space and society. Over one century, the official census places and the pattern of population distribution have shifted from a selective colonial view of human settlements to an inclusive postcolonial society view closer to the distribution of the whole population.

  10. Economic Aspects of Air and Gas Cleaning for Nuclear Energy Processes; Aspects Economiques de l'Epuration de l'Air et des Gaz au Cours des Operations Nucleaires; 042d 041a 041e 041d 041e 0414 0; Aspectos Economicos de la Depuracion del Aire y de los Gases en los Procesos de Obtencion de Energia Nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silverman, Leslie [Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA (United States)

    1960-07-01

    ont des effluents toxiques ou nuisibles, qui doivent egalement faire l'objet d'un controle relativement peu onereux. L'auteur du memoire procede a un examen detaille des facteurs qui interviennent dans le prix d'achat et les frais d'exploitation du materiel d'epuration des gaz; il decrit en outre les divers systemes utilises aux Etats-Unis. On s'est naturellement efforce de resoudre le probleme des effluents gazeux et plusieurs systemes ont ete mis au point a cet effet mais on a en outre mesure, en donnees comparables, leur degre d'efficacite. On est ainsi en mesure de proceder, du point de vue economique, a un examen critique des differentes caracteristiques de fonctionnement en ce qui concerne la consommation d'energie, les depenses relatives a l'adsorption, le cout de l'encombrement, les problemes de corrosion et d'autres aspects du fonctionnement des appareils. En execution d'un contrat conclu avec le Laboratoire d'epuration de l'air de l'Universite d'Harvard, la Commission de l'energie atomique des Etats- Unis a entrepris la realisation d'un programme d'evaluation en collaboration avec les diverses entreprises ou personnes privees auxquelles la Commission a octroye des contrats. Cette etude a deja permis de determiner quels sont les facteurs a prendre en consideration pour dresser un schema des couts et analyser ceux-ci; certaines conclusions preliminaires seront ulterieurement formulees. Le memoire donne en outre un apercu des autres etudes economiques qui ont ete effectuees, aux Etats-Unis, sur certains procedes ou applications particuliers. (author) [Spanish] En este trabajo, el autor enuncia las normas basicas a las que ha de ajustarse el control de los efluentes gaseosos y en forma de particulas en las siguientes esferas: produccion de materiales para reactores, separacion de isotopos, elaboracion de elementos combustibles, recuperacion de combustibles y funcionamiento de reactores. Existen asimismo casos (produccion de berilio y zirconio, por ejemplo) en

  11. The Economical Application of Non-Destructive Testing to Reactor Components, Especially Jacket Tubing; Avantages Economiques du Controle Non Destructif des Pieces de Reacteurs, Notamment des Tubes de Gainage; Ehkonomicheskoe primenenie nedestruktivnykh ispytanij dlya reaktornykh komponentov, v chastnosti obolochechnykh trub; Aplicacion en Condiciones Economicas de Ensayos No Destructivos a las Piezas de los Reactores, en Especial a los Tubos de Revestimiento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renken, C. J. [Metallurgy Division Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, IL (United States)

    1965-10-15

    electro-magnetic method for technical as well as economic reasons. The optimum area of application of these two methods is explained as well as the large area of overlap where results produced by well- designed and properly operated equipment of both types are essentially equivalent. Spurious defect indications contribute directly to increased component costs, so an evaluation of these effects for both the ultrasonic and the electromagnetic test methods is included for several commonly encountered sources of spurious defect signals. The experience in the application of these methods at Argonne National Laboratory on relatively large quantities of tubing from various sources are recounted from the standpoint of the lowest possible inspection cost per unit length of tubing. This section also summarizes experience gained at Argonne with the newer pulsed electromagnetic test methods. The critical but generally unappreciated role of tube diameter and wall thickness on tube inspection cost is discussed. Since the question of economical inspection is closely related to allowable defect levels, defect levels and standards in use at Argonne are covered. Finally, the practical and theoretical barriers to reduced component inspection costs are enumerated and a projection of what possible reductions in cost might be attainable in the future with the ultrasonic and electromagnetic test methods is attempted. (author) [French] Le reacteur ideal aurait entre autres caracteristiques celle de ne pas exiger de controles non destructifs. Cet ideal, comme tant d'autres, ne sera probablement jamais atteint. Dans l'etude de tout reacteur pour lequel le prix de revient constitue un facteur important, il faudrait envisager la question de savoir si les pieces de ce reacteur pourront etre essayees de facon economique en meme temps que l'on examine les possibilites de fabrication. Cette partie du memoire contient quelques considerations a ce propos ainsi qu'un expose de l'importance des essais non

  12. Les effets socio - economiques de la construction du « boulevard ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La méthodologie de travail s'est basée sur les recherches documentaires, la collecte de données sur le terrain à travers les observations directes et les entretiens avec les populations riveraines et les autorités municipales. L'analyse des résultats indique que plusieurs unités de production sont installées le long de la voie ...

  13. Impacts socio-economiques et environnementaux de la chasse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'objectif de cette étude est d'identifier les impacts socio-économiques et environnementaux de la chasse traditionnelle dans la Région Centrale au Togo. Pour atteindre cet objectif, une combinaison de techniques touchant les dimensions quantitatives et qualitatives a été adoptée. Il se résume à la recherche documentaire ...

  14. The use of plutonium rapides surregenerateurs aspects techniques et economiques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guillet, H.; Delayre, R.; Mougniot, J.C.; Ferrari, A.

    1977-01-01

    Nuclear energy production utilizing U 235 and U 238 inevitably results in the formation of plutonium. Some of this is directly used by the reactor in power production. Some reactors, e.g. the Candu type, burn most of their plutonium ''in situ''. However the surplus quantity of plutonium produced is increasing, and by 1990 the world stock of plutonium is predicted to be about 1000 tons (300 tons in Europe and 400 in the USA). This represents approximately 0.1 Q of potential power, where Q=10 21 joules. Proposals for dealing with this plutonium include its storage, either as irradiated fuel or as a refined substance (plutonium nitrate or oxide); its use in thermal reactors as a substitute for U 235 ; its use in fast breeder reactors which can act as consumers of plutonium as well as producers and which can therefore regulate the world's plutonium stocks. Leaving aside the question of storage, certain technical conditions must be fulfilled. It is essential that reprocessing plants should be operational and available in adequate numbers. An industry able to make use of plutonium should be developed with large capacity units. There seem to be no problems with plutonium use in reactors: conclusive experiments have proved the accuracy of calculations regarding plutonium recycling in thermal reactors and a number of fast breeders have proved the possibility of using plutonium in them. Experience acquired during the past ten years permits us to deal with the safety and safeguards problem of using plutonium. Many economic questions remain, however, including questions affecting the utilization of plutonium, such as the cost of regenerating irradiated fuel and of making fuel, and questions affecting the strategy of using plutonium in different ways, such as the price at which it should be sold. Also the cost of producing electricity using plutonium is not yet clear. It is unavoidable that plutonium will be used in nuclear power development. The technical and economic problems may be specific and sometimes difficult but they are in nature similar to other problems in other fields of human endeavour and can therefore be solved [fr

  15. La performance economique de la filiere tomate industrielle en Algerie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dans ce papier, on rend compte de l'évolution de la filière "tomates industrielles" en Algérie. On y montre d'abord que la production de tomates industrielles, depuis 1970, a connu un taux de croissance significatif, dépassant largement le taux de croissance démographique. Le taux a cependant été négatif en moyenne au ...

  16. Diversite et importance socio-economique des services ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ecosystems and protected areas provide important ecosystem services to local communities. These services are incentives for natural resources conservation. The current project, conducted in Pendjari Biosphere Reserve, northern Benin aimed at assessing ecosystem services and their contribution to local people ...

  17. evaluation technique et economique des formules alimentaires de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    COMPOSITION CHIMIQUE DES INGREDIENTS. ET ALIMENTS COMPOSES UTILISES. Les résultats de l'analyse chimique des différents ingrédients et aliments (tableau 2) ont montré que les tiges de mil et la paille de riz avaient la même teneur en matière azotée totale (5,7 %) qui était environ la moitié de celle de la fane ...

  18. Quand les tradithérapeutes ouest-africains soignent l’infertilité conjugale à Dakar (Sénégal : recompositions et dynamiques entrepreneuriales When West African traditional healers heal conjugal infertility in Dakar (Senegal: recomposition and entrepreneurial dynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Landry Faye

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Ces dernières années, Dakar est devenu une destination privilégiée des mobilités Sud-Sud. En particulier, de nombreux tradithérapeutes africains s’y sont installés, avec leurs savoirs-faire. Cet article interroge les effets de leur présence dans la capitale sur l’offre et la demande de santé (en matière d’infertilité conjugale et sur le champ de la médecine traditionnelle nationale. Plus particulièrement, il décrit les raisons de leur sollicitation par les urbains en cas d’infertilité, la singularité des procédés thérapeutiques et des compétences mises en avant. Il analyse les types de légitimité sur lesquels ils s’appuient. Nos résultats montrent que la circulation de tradithérapeutes étrangers à Dakar a renforcé le pluralisme et la transnationalisation thérapeutiques. Ces thérapeutes sont sollicités par les urbains en raison de leur dynamisme et de leur omniprésence, des imaginaires populaires qui leur sont favorables et de la singularité de leurs pratiques professionnelles. Le fait d’associer les techniques biomédicales aux savoirs traditionnels exprime une volonté de conquête d’une légitimité scientifique et d’affranchissement à l’égard de la tradithérapie. Cette approche qui caractérise les acteurs « étrangers » a une influence sur la médecine traditionnelle locale, jadis inféodée à PROMETRA. Les stratégies individuelles et entrepreneuriales de plus en plus visibles chez des guérisseurs sénégalais renseignent sur ces reconfigurations importantes, qui remanient la médecine traditionnelle au Sénégal.Over the past years, Dakar has turned into a frequent South-South travel destination. Many African traditional healers settled there with their healing knowledge. This essay attempts to question the effect of their presence in the capital of Senegal on the health supply and demand (in terms of conjugal infertility and also on the traditional medicine national space. It

  19. Introduction : terrains revisités en migrations africaines

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    24 juin 2015 ... financer certaines recherches, parfois même à soutenir la création de centres spécialisés dans la gestion .... 2006). La mobilité est entendue dorénavant comme un nouveau mode de vie à part entière. ... en charge de la gestion de la migration ou encore d'investir le créneau de la migration comme marché.

  20. La fibrillation auriculaire chez le noir Africain: Aspects ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this retrospective work realized during two years (1st january 2002 to 31 december 2003), relative to 300 cases hospitalized at the Cardiology Institute of Abidjan, the authors have studied the epidemiologic, etiologic and prognosis factors of black african atrial fibrillation in hospital cercle. The atrial fibrillation was the most ...

  1. Caractéristiques biologiques et zootechniques des tilapias africains ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The information provided in this review was collected from scientific articles, books, proceedings, thesis and reports. This review presents the current knowledge on the biology, production and factors influencing the growth and survival of ...

  2. Technique de production intensive du poisson chat africain, Clarias gariepinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ducarme, C.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Intensive Production of African Catfish, Clarias gariepinus. The African catfish, Clarias gariepinus, is well appreciated in Africa and reaches high prices on the town markets (2 - 3 Euro/kg. Although it is raised since 1974 and its production is increasing in Europe, Asia and Latin America, the African production is on standby. The intensive production systems (biomass: 10 - 400 kg/m3, production: 1 - 4 kg/m3/j in recirculated systems recently developed in Europe (family farms: 200 - 250 t/year are profitable when the selling price on the farm reach 1,2 Euro/kg. This kind of model could be adapted by the African fish farmers to their local conditions and finally contributed to an important development of fish culture in Africa.

  3. Le developpement olympique du kayak Africain : Anglophonie vs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Si le kayak de slalom s'est développé récemment en Afrique (premier Championnat continental organisé en 2009), il a été médiatisé à la faveur de sa reconnaissance olympique. Mais quels sont les enjeux culturels du développement olympique du kayak en Afrique francophone ? Comment cette activité a-t-elle pu ...

  4. Structure Demographique D'un Labeo Africain, Labeo coubie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La taille moyenne des spécimens collectés en amont du lac (206,18 ± 63,55 mm LS) a été significativement plus importante (p<0,05) que celle des individus obtenus en aval (179,94 ± 56,66 mm LS). De même, la taille moyenne enregistrée pendant les mois de crue (285,28 ± 34,69 mm LS) a été largement supérieure à ...

  5. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie - Vol 19 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les Jeux Video en Negroculture : Contribution a Une Anthropologie de La Solidarite Chez Les Jeunes du Cameroun · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Paul Ulrich Otye Elom, 77-87 ...

  6. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie - Vol 14 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Stratégie de survie et culture de jeunes dans les marchés urbains de Dakar : cas des adolescentes travailleuses (Sénégal). EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. RA Diop, 67-83. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/asr.v14i1.70229 ...

  7. Adaptation de collectivités africaines aux changements climatiques ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapports. First General Meeting : the Adaptation Network; We're Up to the Climate Challenge!, Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens, Cape Town, 4 November 2009. Téléchargez le PDF. Rapports. South African National Networking Meeting on Climate Change Adaptation, the Airport Grand Hotel, Johannesburg, 18 June 2009.

  8. Des solutions pratiques pour l'agriculture africaine | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    25 nov. 2016 ... Le Fonds Cultiver l'avenir de l'Afrique (CultivAf) gère huit projets visant à soutenir l'élaboration et la mise à l'essai de 24 innovations. Il s'agit notamment de technologies, de modèles et de pratiques de gestion, notamment :

  9. Histopathologie Des Biopsies Gastriques En Milieu Africain: Etude ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aucune prédominance par rapport au sexe n\\'était relevée. La tranche d\\'âge la plus représentée quelque soit la pathologie gastrique a été celle de 40-60 ans. Il ressort de notre étude que les lésions inflammatoires de la muqueuse gastrique constituent la pathologie la plus fréquente de l\\'estomac. Cet état inflammatoire ...

  10. Perceptions des producteurs et consommateurs sur le riz africain ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this proportion, 63% prefer African rice that, for 83% of households has a better culinary aspect. The results from this survey represent a first step for a research work on African rice, principally its agronomic, genetic and nutritionally characterization for a broad exploitation of its potentials. © 2017 International Formulae ...

  11. Intellectuels africains, patriotisme et panafricanisme : à propos de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sulaiman.adebowale

    10 sept. 2008 ... We would not talk about 'drain' if every intellectual was not primarily ... tions where brain drain itself could be regarded as a virtue, at least in ...... Brown, M., 2000, « Using Intellectual Diaspora to reverse the Brain Drain », in.

  12. Notre Continent, Notre Avenir: Perspectives africaines sur l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    On ne sait pas très bien si la non-application effective résulte du refus ...... La main-d'œuvre est moins mobile au plan international que le capital, et donc ...... Auty, R., 1995, « Economic development and the resource curse thesis », dans ...

  13. Ebola et autres crises : le Canada soutient les solutionneurs africains

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 oct. 2014 ... Photo : AIMS Dans la lutte contre le virus Ebola, les mathématiques sont l'arme de Martial Ndeffo. Cet épidémiologiste camerounais aide le ministère de la Santé du Liberia, engagé dans une course contre la montre pour mettre un frein à la propagation du virus, à prendre des décisions qui auront des ...

  14. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie - Vol 9 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Putting oil first? Some ethnographic aspects of petroleum-related land use controversies in Nigeria · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT ... Reclaiming The Land - The Resurgence of Rural Movements in Africa, Asia and Latin America, Zed Books, London, 2005 · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL ...

  15. Suivi de structures criminelles dans des villes africaines | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chercheurs examineront les zones des deux villes où des réseaux de crime organisé ont usurpé le rôle de l'État ou rempli un vide existant en raison du ... Cette recherche naît de la conviction qu'il importe que les responsables des politiques et les partenaires internationaux comprennent l'économie criminelle qui ...

  16. Faits marquants : Des chercheurs canadiens et africains se ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Grâce à l'appui apporté par Croissance de l'économie et débouchés économiques des femmes (CEDEF), un programme quinquennal de 17 millions de dollars financé par la William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, le Department for International Development du Royaume-Uni et le CRDI, ces trois organismes collaborent à ...

  17. La diaspora africaine et l'identité biculturelle

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    chifaou.amzat

    13 juin 2017 ... noyau culturel primaire, et ces dernières occasionnent à leur tour des réactions ... éléments exogènes empruntés et sélectionnés avec soin. .... être bien la médecine, en tout cas une certaine forme de médecine et, dirait Max ... l'exode de l'élite et de la main-d'œuvre qualifiée en général, et réaliser la paix.

  18. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie - Vol 17 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The phenomenon of social conversion among farmers in France: From traditional agriculture to the Spirulina superfood · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. P Stéfanini, S Ravatua-Smith, 43-54 ...

  19. Harambee : affermir les voix africaines par la collaboration | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les avantages et la valeur ajoutée du travail en collaboration ont clairement été démontrés en ce qui concerne le développement de logiciels libres. On ignore cependant comment les réseaux et les communautés de praticiens se servent de leur connaissance des processus et des technologies pour favoriser une ...

  20. Le nouveau modèle africain | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    22 juil. 2011 ... L'annulation de la dette, un commerce plus équitable, davantage d'aide : voilà le plan d'action mondial dont on convient qu'il faut de toute urgence mettre en oeuvre en vue d'accélérer le développement en Afrique. Or, ce serait rater le bateau que de ne pas s'engager dans la voie tout autre que les ...

  1. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie - Vol 8 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pull factors in the political economy of international commercial sex work in Nigeria · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL ... Zimbabwe\\'s unfinished business - rethinking land, state and nation in the context of crisis. By Amanda Hammar, Brian Raftopoulos and ...

  2. Lutte Contre Les Parasites Chez Le Karite | Soro | Agronomie Africaine

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This butter is used in many products, such as local food, chocolate, cosmetic and pharmacopoeia. Nevertheless,shea orchards are more and more subject to severe attacks by Loranthaceae, a vascular parasite plants, commonly called guis. Therefore, a pest management study was carried out on Tengrela\\'s natural shea ...

  3. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie - Vol 9 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Speaking Truth to Power: A Personal Journey through the Politics of Boycott and Engagement at Rhodes University during the 1980s · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. D Pillay, 184-190 ...

  4. African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie - Vol 7 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ? EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ... Book Review: Louise Meintjes. South of Africa Making Music Zulu in a South African Studio. Durham. Duke University Press. 2003. Michael Drewett.

  5. Adaptation de collectivités africaines aux changements climatiques ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Mis en oeuvre par des organisations non gouvernementales, les projets adopteront une démarche d'apprentissage par la pratique et viseront à trouver des façons de communiquer l'information au sujet des changements ... Managing Risk, Reducing Vulnerability and Enhancing Productivity under a Changing Climate.

  6. Evaluation de la rigidité artérielle par la vitesse de progression de l’onde pouls doigt-orteil mesuré par pOpmetre® chez des sujets noirs africains atteints de sclérodermie systémique [Evaluation of arterial stiffness by finger-toe pulse wave velocity measured by pOpmetre® in black africans patients with systemic scleroderma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moussa Diallo

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the arterial stiffness (AS in black africans patients with systemic scleroderma. Patients and Methodology: A prospective cross-sectional hospital survey has been performed over a 6-month period, including 55 black african individuals, aged over 16 years and consenting, consisting of 29 patients with systemic scleroderma and 26 hospitalized controls. The finger-toe pulse wave velocity (ft-PWV was recorded by popmetre® and comparaison between the 2 groups has been performed with statistical analysis. Results: The mean ft-PWV was 9,56 m/s ± 3,09 in the patient group and 7,71 m/s ± 2,63 in control group. The ft-PWV was significantly higher in patients with scleroderma compared to controls (p<0.0145. The study of the relationship between AS and independent variables in multivariate analysis demonstrated that having scleroderma increase by 1.81 times the value of the ft-PWV after adjustment for age and systolic blood pressure. Discussion: To our knowledge, this is the first assessment of the AS in black african patients with scleroderma. It shows that ft-PWV was significantly higher in patients with scleroderma compared to controls. Also, this high AS was imputable to the scleroderma. Conclusion: In Africa, the measurement of the AS by popmetre® could be a simple, rapid, non invasive and pratical early detection and follow-up of cardio-vascular involvments in the course of scleroderma. RÉSUMÉ Introduction: L’objectif de notre étude était d’évaluer la résistance artérielle (RA chez les patients noirs africains atteints de SS. Patients et Méthode: Une enquête hospitalière prospective transversale a été réalisée sur une période de 6 mois, portant sur 55 sujets noirs africains, âgés de plus de 18 ans, consentants, composé de 29 malades atteints de SS et 26 témoins hospitalisés. La vitesse de progression de l’onde pouls doigt-orteil (VOPdo a été mesuré par Popmètre dans

  7. Las religiones y culturas de origen africano (Brasil, Cuba, Venezuela a prueba de políticas turísticas y rivalidades ¿ Un desarrollo sostenible ? Religions and cultures of African origin (Brazil, Cuba, Venezuela to test tourism policies and rivalries. A sustainable development? Religions et cultures d'origine africaine (Brésil, Cuba, Venezuela à l'épreuve des politiques touristiques et des rivalités. Un développement soutenable?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Fitó

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Les religions1 d’origine africaine ont été transformées, au Brésil, à Cuba et plus récemment au Venezuela, en instruments pour augmenter la captation de devises, par le biais de programmes présentés par les autorités comme répondant aux normes du développement durable. Mais, tant le contrôle exercé sur ces manifestations culturelles, à des fins de commercialisation, que les rivalités engendrées entre pays, ou entre villes dans certains cas, mènent à une aliénation des acteurs de leur propre culture (après Guillermo Bonfill, contredisant la définition même de “développement durable”.The religions of African origin have been taken in Brazil, in Cuba and more recently in Venezuela as instruments to increase the inflow of currency, in tourism development programs presented by the authorities as sustainable. But the control exercised on them by the State organizations, with marketing purposes, as well as the rivalries between countries, as well as between cities of the same country in some cases, carry an alienation of the culture (according to Guillermo Bonfill's theory of cultural control, questioning the possibility of a balanced development, that is to say a sustainable development.Las religiones de origen africano han sido tomadas en Brasil, en Cuba y más recientemente en Venezuela como instrumento para incrementar la entrada de divisas, en programas de desarrollo del turismo presentados por las autoridades como sostenibles. Pero, tanto el control ejercido sobre ellas por los organismos oficiales, con fines de comercialización, como las rivalidades entre paises, así como en algún caso, entre ciudades de un mismo país, conllevan una enajenación de la cultura (según la teoría del control cultural de Guillermo Bonfill, cuestionando la posibilidad de un desarrollo equilibrado, es decir sostenible.

  8. Identité et cognition : apports de la psychologie et de la neuroscience cognitives

    OpenAIRE

    Brédart, Serge; Van der Linden, Martial

    2012-01-01

    Accessible même aux non-spécialistes, cet ouvrage exhaustif et pluridisciplinaire offre un panorama actuel des connaissances sur la conscience de soi. Il décrit les différentes facettes de la conscience de soi et présente les résultats principaux des études ayant exploré les relations entre la conscience de soi, la perception, l’attention, l’action, les émotions, la mémoire autobiographique, la projection mentale dans le futur et l’identité. Rédigé par des neuropsychologues, des neurologues e...

  9. K čemu psychologie náboženství

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Říčan, Pavel

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 46, č. 4 (2002), s. 358-368 ISSN 0009-062X Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7025918 Keywords : religiousness * atheism * implicit religion Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 0.190, year: 2002

  10. Retrospektiva, současnost a perspektivy psychologie zdraví

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šolcová, Iva; Kebza, V.

    2000-01-01

    Roč. 44, č. 4 (2000), s. 309-317 ISSN 0009-062X Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7025918 Keywords : recent trends * starting points * health psychology Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 0.295, year: 2000

  11. Jakob auf der Couch : Kann die Psychologie uns helfen die Jakobserzählung zu verstehen?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dubbink, J.

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates the possibility of a psychological reading of the biblical story of Jacob (Genesis 25-36). This kind of reading is often proposed by psychologists and psychotherapists for obvious reasons: due to the many twists and turns in the story, and the complicated relationship between

  12. ["The most ill go into psychoanalytic treatment"? Critical comments on an article in Report Psychologie].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter, R; Hartmann, A; Meyer, A E; Rüger, U

    1994-01-01

    Thomas and Schmitz claim that they "deliver a proof for the effectiveness of humanistic methods" (p. 25) with their study. However, they did not or were not able to verify their claim due to several reasons: The authors did not say if and if so to what extent the treatments carried out within the framework of the TK-regulation were treatments using humanistic methods. The validity of the only criterium used by the authors, the average duration of the inability to work, must be questioned. The inferential statistical treatment of the data is insufficient; a non-parametrical evaluation is necessary. Especially missing are personal details concerning the treatment groups (age, sex, occupation, method, duration and frequency of therapy), which are indispensable for a differentiated interpretation. In addition there are numerous formal faults (wrong quotations, mistakes in tables, unclear terms etc.). In view of this criticism we come to the conclusion that the results are to a large degree worthless, at least until several of our objections have been refuted by further information and adequate inferential statistical methods. This study is especially unsuitable to prove a however defined "effectiveness of out-patient psychotherapies", therefore also not suitable to prove the effectiveness of those treatments conducted within the framework of the TK-regulation and especially not suitable to prove the superiority of humanistic methods in comparison with psychoanalytic methods and behavioural therapy.

  13. Professionnalisation ou Deprofessionnalisation: Une Base Conceptuelle pour L'evaluation de La Competence en Psychologie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perron, Jacques; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Elements of professionalization--systematic body of theory, social recognition, monopoly, and degree of organization--are presented and applied to the development of professional psychology in Quebec. The concept of deprofessionalization is introduced as an alternative basis for evaluating competence in professional psychology. (Author)

  14. Hodnotové orientace a ctnosti ve světle pozitivní psychologie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimír Smékal

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Cílem tohoto sdělení je poukázat na význam hodnot v kontextu občanských ctností, a na jejich souvislost s rozvíjením občanské kultury osobnosti. Studie naznačuje, jak je důležité vytvářet formační projekty spojené s evaluací jejich efektivity, aby se prokázalo, které vývojové a formativní vlivy jsou rozhodující pro utváření občanských ctností jako základu politické a občanské kultury.

  15. Lesekurse fuer Anfaenger-Fachbereich Psychologie (Reading Courses for Beginners-Psychology)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armaleo-Popper, Lore

    1976-01-01

    Describes a German course for psychologists, given in Italy by the author, using eight original texts by Freud and Mitscherlich. These were assigned for 40-50 hours' continuation reading at home, or were discussed in the 100-120 hours in the classroom. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  16. Psychologie körperlicher Aktivität bei Patienten mit Rückenschmerzen

    OpenAIRE

    Leonhardt, Corinna

    2008-01-01

    Die vorliegende Arbeit setzt sich mit den psychologischen Determinanten und Fördermöglichkeiten von körperlicher Aktivität bei Rückenschmerzpatienten auseinander, wobei Daten einer multizentrischen cluster-randomisierten Studie (N= 1378) genutzt werden. Der theoretische Hintergrund aller Originalarbeiten gibt einen Überblick zu neuen Erkenntnissen zum Rückenschmerz und zur Aktivitätsförderung in der Gesundheitspsychologie und ...

  17. La psyché du bon citoyen : sur la psychologie de la vertu civique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shelley Burtt

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Quelles sont les sources psychologiques de la vertu civique dans la tradition républicaine? Cet article en identifie trois : l’éducation des passions, la manipulation des intérêts et la contrainte du devoir. L’auteure explore chacune de ces sources et conclut qu’une meilleure appréciation de ce qui les distingue est porteuse de nouvelles possibilités pour raviver la vertu républicaine dans le monde moderne.

  18. Se servir de la psychologie pour réduire la violence en Afrique du Sud

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    24 févr. 2015 ... Comment une approche en matière de santé publique visant à réduire la violence en Afrique du Sud peut-elle être améliorée ? Dans un récent article publié par des chercheurs qui mènent des travaux dans le cadre de l'initiative Villes sûres et inclusives, on soutient que l'intégration et la compréhension ...

  19. Vybraná témata z perspektivy feministické psychologie

    OpenAIRE

    HALO, Dagmar

    2017-01-01

    Bachelor thesis is designed as a literature review dealing with the theory of feminist psychology. This is a specific area of psychology established itself in the '70s of last century in the second wave of feminism, which represents the main theoretical background. The central concern is reflection and examining the position of the individual within society in the context of gender and its impact on the development of the human personality and its mental health. This paper summarizes the theo...

  20. Wetenschap en religie, psychologie en christendom : Godsdienstwijsgerige kanttekeningen bij hun verhouding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sarot, M.

    2013-01-01

    In this article I argue for a critical-hermeneutic approach to the relationship between science and religion in general, psychology and Christianity in particular. This critical-hermeneutic approach attempts to distinguish between the ‘hard’ results of science on the one hand, and the

  1. Hry s autíčky a panenkami z pohledu psychologie činnosti

    OpenAIRE

    Erhartová, Nikola

    2017-01-01

    The thesis is focused on plays of preschool children with toy cars and dolls in kindergarten. The work is based especially on the activity theory. According to it the game is an essential activity of children and it has an influence on their development. Knowing that the game can be beneficial for children, I set as the main objective of the work to find out which actions with toys are performed and which areas they may develop. The work is divided into the theoretical and practical part. The...

  2. Deprese z pohledu psychologie osobních konstruktů

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kovářová, Marie; Filip, Miroslav

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 56, č. 5 (2012), s. 435-447 ISSN 0009-062X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP407/12/2432 Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : depression * psychology of personal constructs * psychotherapy Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 0.244, year: 2012

  3. Lernen und Problemlösen: Deweys Psychologie im bildungshistorischen Kontext

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jürgen Oelkers

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Karl Popper hat eine seiner letzten Essaysammlungen überschrieben mit Alles Leben ist Problemlösen (deutsch 1994. Die Geschichte des Problemlösens berührt er dabei nicht. Sein vierstufiges Modell des Problemlösens aber ist deutlich antizipiert in John Deweys How We Think (1910, eine pragmatische Denkpsychologie, die vor dem Hintergrund der zeitgenössischen Didaktik verstanden werden kann. Der Artikel diskutiert zwei dieser Ansätze, nämlich die ökologischen «nature studes» und William Kilpatricks «Projektmethode». Deweys Theorie des Problemlösens wird bis heute vor allem mit der Projektmethode in Verbindung gebracht. Der Artikel zeigt, dass die rein didaktische Inanspruchnahme Deweys Theorie nicht gerecht wird und Popper sie vermutlich deswegen nicht beachtet hat.

  4. Posttraumatický rozvoj osobnosti v kontextu pozitivní psychologie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Slezáčková, Alena

    -, č. 13 (2009), s. 45-59 ISSN 1211-3522 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA406/07/1384 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : positive psychology * posttraumatic growth * benefit-finding Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  5. Van vakgericht naar competentiegericht statistiekonderwijs. Een interventiestudie in een opleiding psychologie.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Buuren, Hans

    2008-01-01

    Abstract This thesis describes how statistics education has been redesigned and implemented in the curriculum of the school of psychology of the Open Universiteit Nederland. In stead of autonomous and separate traditional statistics service courses and courses in research methods, both kinds of

  6. Van vakgericht naar competentiegericht statistiekonderwijs. Een interventiestudie in een opleiding psychologie.

    OpenAIRE

    Van Buuren, Hans

    2008-01-01

    Abstract This thesis describes how statistics education has been redesigned and implemented in the curriculum of the school of psychology of the Open Universiteit Nederland. In stead of autonomous and separate traditional statistics service courses and courses in research methods, both kinds of courses have been integrated into a coherent whole, including psychological theory, to realize a better fit with the educational target goal: the autonomous study of science by carrying out (psychologi...

  7. Ohlédnutí za produkcí Československé psychologie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šolcová, Iva

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 57, č. 4 (2013), s. 379-386 ISSN 0009-062X Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : most cited articles * citing journals * citing languages Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 0.292, year: 2013

  8. Persuasion et Influence : changer les attitudes, changer les comportements. Regards de la psychologie sociale

    OpenAIRE

    Fointiat , Valérie; Barbier , Laura

    2015-01-01

    International audience; The study of the socio-psychological processes involved in persuasion is onethe pivotal topics in social psychology. Eight decades ago, researchers from Yaleuniversity were the first in studying the mechanism of persuasion in the specificcontext of World War ll. Persuasion is obtained when the receptor of communicationmakes a change in his mind that is when a change in attitude occurs. Logically, such achange in attitude should imply a change in behavior. The research ...

  9. Idea řádu a metodologie Suárezovy psychologie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Heider, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 12, Supplementum 2 (2015), s. 103-117 ISSN 1214-8407 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Suárez * De anima * hierarchical order * neoplatonism * indivisibility of soul * sensory appetite Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  10. Etude Technico-Economique d'un Systeme Eolien pour la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cette dépendance énergétique entraîne de plus une dépendance économique et même politique ; d'où l'importance de profiter autant que possible des énergies renouvelables. Par opposition, l'énergie éolienne est une énergie renouvelable. Celle-ci employée comme énergie de substitution permet de lutter contre ...

  11. Implication socio-economique de l'amenagement du barrage de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le déficit d'énergie constaté dans la moitié centrenord de la Côte d'Ivoire constitue une entrave à la valorisation industrielle des produits agricoles. Il va engendrer un déséquilibre régional consécutif à un manque d'harmonisation de certains programmes d'investissement. La réponse à ce besoin essentiel et indispensable ...

  12. Les implications socio-economiques des parkings le long de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cependant, ce rôle de transit s'exerce dans un contexte concurrentiel dans la mesure où le corridor togolais, essentiellement routier, n'est pas le seul qui dessert les pays enclavés. Pour faire face à cette concurrence, chaque pays côtier multiplie des opérations de charme afin d'attirer plus opérateurs économiques de ...

  13. impact socio-economique de la baisse de la peche lagunaire dans ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    Impact socio-économique de la baisse de la pêche lagunaire dans le département ... la dynamique économique et sociale des Abouré ..... répercussions sérieuses sur la gestion du foncier. ..... du lignage par le contrôle des actes que pose le.

  14. Energy efficiency : an economic stimulator; Efficacite energetique : un moteur economique vert

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Contant, A.

    2009-04-01

    In an effort to meet Quebec's energy requirements projected for 2015, Hydro-Quebec along with its partners and clients will invest $3 billion in energy efficiency. Quebec's Energy Efficiency Agency, Canada's Office of Energy Efficiency and the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) green municipal fund have all contributed to energy efficiency projects to stimulate the economy. These measures are expected to create nearly 4000 jobs in Quebec for electricians, heating contractors, plumbers and building professionals. This investment will also benefit the suppliers and distributors of electrical materials as well as the forestry industry, cement manufacturers, and specialized engineers. Since the benefits of energy efficiency upgrades are already well established, projects can get underway without further studies. The proposed energy efficiency projects can be applied anywhere in the province of Quebec and are not intended for any specific region. To name a few, the projects have included energy upgrades in an arena in Riviere du Loup, the Montreal Health Institute's head office building, and traffic light upgrades in Levis, Quebec. The article noted that energy efficiency upgrades made in the office buildings of Alcan, IBM, Molson and Bombardier have all resulted in at least a 5 per cent reduction in electricity use. All these changes have been good for the environment, even though Quebec's electricity is generated almost entirely from renewable energy sources. 6 figs.

  15. LE DEVENIR DE L’INFORMATIONNEL ET DES PROJETS DANS L’ENSEIGNEMENT DU LANGAGE ECONOMIQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamas Cristina

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Informatics, especially the Internet represents a new approach for the teacher interested in new methods of teaching foreign languages. More and more attracted to the Internet, the students will combine what is necessary with what is pleasant in learning rapidly a language for special purposes. In this paper I have presented the objectives of teaching French language for the Economics starting from an authentic material on the Internet: Lafarge Group which is a multinational enterprise and a world leader in building materials, with a branch in Romania, Constanta County, Medgidia town.

  16. Prospective economical study of the nuclear power file; Etude economique prospective de la filiere electrique nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Charpin, J M [Commissariat General du Plan, 75 - Paris (France); Dessus, B [Ecodev-CNRS, 92 - Meudon (France); Pellat, R [CEA, 75 - Paris (France)

    2000-07-01

    On May 7, 1999 an economical study of the overall nuclear file, and in particular, of the back-end part of the fuel cycle and including the reprocessing, was requested by the French Prime Minister. This study includes the cost comparisons with the other means of power production and takes into consideration the environmental costs. The study is shared into five chapters dealing with: 1 - the legacy of the past: todays park of nuclear plants, economical and material status; 2 - the international evolution: the dynamics of nuclear policies worldwide (existing parks and R and D programs), the rise of environmental problems worldwide (CO{sub 2} and the climate convention, nuclear risks, attempts of including environment in the power costs), the choices made for the management of spent fuels in the main countries; 3 - the technological prospects for the power production and use: technologies for the mastery of power demand (residential, industrial and tertiary sectors, power transportation), technologies of power production (production from nuclear, fossil and renewable energies); 4 - prospective scenarios for France: two demand scenarios at the year 2050 vista (energy, electric power), power supply (supply structure with respect to scenarios, nuclear parks, power capacities), environmental aspects (CO{sub 2} emissions, plutonium and minor actinides production); 5 - the economical status of the different scenarios: data preparation, fossil fuel price scenarios, investment and operation costs of the different power production means (nuclear, fossil and renewable energies, natural gas and power distribution networks), comparison between fluxes and cumulated economic costs linked with the different scenarios (investments, exploitation, fuels, R and D, status for 2000 to 2050), time structure of expenditures with respect to the different scenarios (chronology, statuses, kWh costs, sensitivity with respect to the rate of discount, valorization of existing parks in 2050), cost overruns with respect to pollutant emissions. (J.S.)

  17. The German energy transition in 5 popular beliefs - Alternatives Economiques, January 2017, Nr 364 bis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Althoff, Jens; Hutinet, Laurent; Belliard, David; Boulanger, Vincent; Ruedinger, Andreas

    2017-01-01

    This publication first discusses and denies five popular beliefs often heard or read in France about the German energy transition: Germany pollutes us with its coal-fired plants, phasing out nuclear is impossible, 100 per cent of renewable energies is an utopia, energy transition slows down the economy, we will never be able to move without oil. The other articles present the example of a German small town where inhabitants took charge of electric power production, outline that the German energy transition comes along an actual democratic revolution through the appropriation of renewable energy production tools, and discuss the difficult issue of phasing out carbon

  18. Etude socio-economique de production d'une pate traditionnelle ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les résultats obtenus à l'issu de ces travaux montrent que: les technologies utilisées à Abomey et Bohicon diffèrent de celle de Covè ; gowé est très apprécié par les consommateurs à cause de ses fonctions désaltérantes ; gowé est souvent consommé quand il fait chaud ; il est à la fois légèrement acide et sucré.

  19. Energy differently - Booklet supplement to 'Alternatives economiques' journal (no. 54, Feb. 2012)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2012-01-01

    This booklet screens the different renewable energy sources and focusses on their ecological advantage and economical maturity aspects. The book is divided in five parts: 1 - the energy transition: energies of yesterday and tomorrow; France: the end of compulsive consumption?; NegaWatt: a transition scenario for France; 2 - consuming less energy: saving energy; will the building industry revolution take place?; electricity: the constantly seeking more attitude can be avoided; smart grids: can they generate energy saving?; is the electric-powered car really ecological?; waste sorting: more effort is needed; is Internet a source of energy saving?; does tele-working reduce pollution?; how to feed people without impacting environment?; should we stop purchasing imported goods?; how can we get rid of trucks?; Is the carbon compensation system useful?; is innovation capable to save us?; 3 - producing energy differently: renewable energies - the French backwardness; hydro-energy; marine energies; thermal solar energy; photovoltaic energy; solar concentration; terrestrial wind power; offshore wind power; geothermal energy; heat pumps; agro-fuels; biomass and wood fuels; biogas; cogeneration; CO 2 capture and sequestration; adapting the power grid to the renewable energies development; 4 - Initiatives: Enercoop, a 100% renewable power supplier; Le Mene (Brittany, France): towards a positive energy territory; local wind turbines: from Montdidier to Issoudun; the eco-districts revolution; interdependent funds for alternate energies; against fossil fuels extraction; Juneau (Alaska) moves to low-consumption; when solidarity and electricity go together: the example of Nicaragua; 5 - energy in debates: 'it is not too late'; a challenge for democracy; is France ready for nuclear phasing out?; reorganizing consumption; a turn to take today; understanding the photovoltaic crisis; how to finance renewable energy sources?; what impact on employment?; should we have to establish a carbon tax?; what energy for southern countries?

  20. The economic growth of oil countries; La croissance economique des pays petroliers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arbod, G

    2007-02-15

    The literature tries to apprehend the weakness of the economic growth of oil culminates by the assumption of ousted growth factors. In the Dutch Disease models the non-oil exporting sector would be ousted whereas in the analyses in terms of economic policies it would be the efficient economic policies. We consider the phenomenon through the growth theories, the oil income being regarded as an additional exogenous income for the economy. In this manner the growth dynamic of oil countries, even the most unfavourable, can be modelled without utilizing any concept of economic inefficiency. The last part of our work is devoted to the Saudi economy. After having developed a macro-econometric model, and using scenarios of oil prices, we lead a forecasted analysis of this economy. (author)

  1. Contribution Economique et Sociale de la pêche artisanale au Sénégal

    OpenAIRE

    Dione, D.; Sy, A.B.; Ndiaye, M.S.

    2005-01-01

    Programme pour des Moyens d'Existence Durables dans la Pêche en Afrique de l'Ouest. Projet Pilote 1 "Moyens d'Existence améliorés dans le secteur post-capture de la pêche artisanale" au Cameroun, en Gambie, au Sénégal et au Tchad.

  2. Comparison of the Economic Aspects of the Treatment and Storage of Fission Products from Installations Processing Irradiated Natural Uranium; Aspects Economiques Compares du Traitement et du Stockage des Produits de Fission Issus des Usines de Traitement de l'Uranium Naturel Irradie; Sravnitel'nye ehkonomicheskie aspekty obrabotki i khraneniya produktov deleniya, poluchaemykh na zavodakh po pererabotke obluchennogo prirodnogo urana; Aspectos Economicos Comparados del Tratamiento y del Almacenamiento de los Productos de Fision que Salen de las Plantas de Tratamiento de Uranio Natural Irradiado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thiriet, L.; Lesur, P.; Giraud, R. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Paris (France); Wanlin, J. [Societe Saint-Gobain Techniques Nouvelles, Paris (France)

    1966-02-15

    reservoirs pouvant etre construits, et on determine la taille et la cadence optimales de leur mise en service, compte tenu des caracteristiques des produits de fission a stocker et pour diverses capacites de l'usine de traitement de l'uranium naturel irradie. Ils montrent que, si le cout de stockage depend des hypotheses faites sur la duree de vie des installations, le taux d'interet, les frais d'exploitation, le choix de la politique optimale par contre (tailles et cadences de mise en service) est independant de ces hypotheses et n'est lie qu'a la loi de variation du cout des reservoirs selon leur taille. On obtient ainsi le cout optimise de stockage indefini de ces effluents. Dans une troisieme partie, les auteurs comparent a cette solution du stockage indefini d'autres politiques possibles de gestion des produits de fission: vitrification et separation du Cs et du Sr. Ils situent economiquement ces diverses alternatives et esquissent des solutions possibles a long terme. (author) [Spanish] Despues de recordar las principales practicas administrativas que suelen aplicarse a los productos de fision, los autores exponen sucintamente las caracteristicas tecnicas esenciales de las instalaciones de almacenamiento en acero inoxidable (en medio acido) utilizadas en Francia y analizan la estructura de sus costos. Muestran hasta que punto esos costos dependen de la radiactividad de las soluciones almacenadas y del calor que desprenden. En la segunda parte de la memoria se examina el costo del almacenamiento segun las dimensiones de los depositos que pueden construirse, se determinan las dimensiones optimas de estos depositos y se indica el ritmo mas conveniente para su puesta en servicio teniendo en cuenta las caracteristicas de los productos de fision que es preciso almacenar y las diversas capacidades de las plantas de tratamiento de uranio natural irradiado. Se demuestra que si bien el costo del almacenamiento depende de algunas hipotesis (duracion de la vida util de las

  3. Étude de la croissance d'un escargot géant africain comestible ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    un amendement à la poudre de coquilles d'escargots du substrat d'élevage susceptible d'induire de meilleures performances de croissance chez Achatina achatina. Méthodologie et résultats: Deux cent vingt-cinq juvéniles d'escargots A.

  4. Les Langues Africaines À L'ère du Numérique

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Microsoft's Keyboard Layout Creator ..... L'auteur remercie le CRDI et surtout Laurent Elder, qui a pris contact avec lui pour discuter du concept du projet, et Adel El Zaïm, qui a guidé ses efforts ...... Conceptual approaches to human ecology.

  5. L'émancipation des femmes et des collectivités africaines par l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    a aidée à plus que décupler son rendement. Sa récolte étant trop abondante pour être entièrement écoulée au bord de la route, son mari a entrepris d'aller la vendre en ville. Au final, grâce à cette « amélioration », celui-ci ...

  6. L'union fait la force : des universités africaines se regroupent pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 févr. 2011 ... Civil society must get up to speed on cyber security, watchdog warns. A Canadian Internet watchdog that recently helped uncover a vast suspected cybe. View moreCivil society must get up to speed on cyber security, watchdog warns ...

  7. Emploi des jeunes Africains : Des faits révélateurs | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 avr. 2016 ... De plus en plus d'entreprises privées mettent en place des initiatives visant ... employment in sub Saharan Africa Taking stock of the evidence and knowledge gaps ... service provision and the monitoring of pregnant women, new mothers, chi ... groups less able to make the right choices to protect themselv.

  8. La largeur de bande pourrait permettre aux universités africaines de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 févr. 2011 ... La meilleure politique une recherche en télécommunication dans une ... Toutefois, l'utilisation de HINARI exige un accès Internet fiable et assez .... à la conférence d'Internet2, qui a eu lieu aux États-Unis en septembre, et à ...

  9. Jeux d'échelles, territoires de rechercheExemples africains et malgaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chantal Blanc-Pamard

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available La mise en évidence des jeux d’échelles dans le travail d’un chercheur, à travers un itinéraire de recherche, est l’objet de cet article. La question posée est celle du choix d’une échelle particulière d’observation ou de plusieurs échelles emboîtées. Deux types de territoires sont étudiés dans les campagnes tropicales, en Côte d’Ivoire et à Madagascar : les territoires construits par les acteurs (cadre de recherche en mettant l'accent sur le terroir, les territoires construits pour les acteurs (cadre d’action par la politique de décentralisation avec la nouveauté que représente la commune rurale. Dans les deux cas, la représentation cartographique a un rôle important : les cartes jouent le rôle d’analyseur, produisent des informations dans le cadre d’un espace qui est celui des acteurs, sont un instrument de réflexion et un support de dialogue entre chercheurs et développeurs. Depuis les années 1990, les politiques de gestion des ressources naturelles qui s’accompagnent d’une reconnaissance du rôle des populations s’interrogent sur le bon cadre territorial : le local (terroir ou le supralocal (commune rurale.

  10. Le coton dans le monde, place du coton africain et principaux enjeux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hofs JL.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Cotton in the world, the position of African cotton and the major stakes. Cotton farming is a very old activity. More recently, cotton fi bre production impacted industrial history and allowed a tremendous rise of the textile industry. African cotton cropping, which mainly relies on rainfed agriculture, family farming and hand picking, is very different compared with the one conducted in large scale farming countries dealing with intensifi cation systems, irrigation and capital intensive management. An analysis of fundamentals of the world offer and demand for cotton initially highlights that China, UnitedStates, followed by India and Pakistan are major actors at the production level and count for more than two thirds of the worldvolumes. For several decades, the international cotton fibre consumption increased at an annual average rate that was very close to the one of the production. The main producers are also the main cotton consumers. Among them, China is the most important by far, absorbing more of the third of world consumption in 2004. This tendency will still clearly increase during next years. The large world cotton fi bre suppliers are, fi rst of all, the United States, followed by the African countries of FCFA zone. As most of the other agricultural basic commodities, the international cotton prices are characterized by a downward long-term trend. China has a strong incidence on this world market, because of its statute of fi rst producer and consumer.Production cost decrease noted in a great number of countries does not explain by itself price reduction. It is kept up with other factors: the subsidies granted by some countries to their cotton producers, in particular the United States. Cotton represents a substantial economic and social importance for the African countries which grow it, in particular those of fCFA zone. But, whereas cotton crop allowed these countries and their populations adopting undeniable socio-economic progress, it gives them nowadays a lot of trouble. Thus, after having suffered various crises during the last decades, African cotton chains are now confronted with a major crisis, without precedent by its extent. The stakes raised by cotton cropping in these African countries are numerous and complex. They constitute real challenges to be taken up. The main ones are underlined: competitive positionof African cotton in the world market; competition with synthetic fi bres; stakes of biotechnological crops; increase in the costsof the factors of production; aspects related to the quality of African cotton; diversifi cation of the productions; development ofnew cotton chains; local transformation of fi bre and valorisation of by-products; environmental concerns. In this context, we observe the emergence of African cotton farmer associations which are widening and investing, both in their own cotton chain and on the international scene, a new fi eld of infl uence.

  11. Anthologie de la photographie africaine et de l’océan Indien

    OpenAIRE

    Menut, Nicolas

    2007-01-01

    Un cliché noir et blanc de petit format, un daguerréotype jauni sur lequel les contours du visage ont quasiment disparu. En haut à gauche, une série de chiffres difficilement lisibles : 1… 8… 4… De quelle date s’agit-il ? 1840 ? 1845 ? 1849 ? À défaut de trancher, le regard se pose à nouveau sur le visage situé au centre de la photographie. L’homme semble entre deux âges, sa peau est sombre, on devine une veste, une cravate. Ses yeux délavés fixent l’obturateur, le port de tête est droit, sér...

  12. La floraison des ignames africaines cultivées (D. cayenensis – D ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 juil. 2015 ... Laboratoire de Botanique et Écologie Végétale, Département de Biologie végétale, Faculté des Sciences et. Techniques, Université d'Abomey – Calavi République du Bénin. *Auteur correspondant,Email :yoloumou3@gmail.com ; Tél : 00229 96845980. Original submitted in on 12th. June 2015. Published ...

  13. La Scientificite En Langues Africaines : L'exemple Du Kalabari Et De ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this paper, a case is made for formulating scientific terms and coinages in African languages by analyzing the components of technical discourse evident in languages that display them. Two African languages of the Niger-Congo phylum, Kalabari and Ikwerre, will be studied vis-à-vis two European languages of the ...

  14. L’extension africaine en Europe méridionale: le Solutréen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Otte

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available La vaste civilisation atérienne occupait l’ensemble du Sahara actuel, entre le Nil, le Sénégal et le Maghreb durant des dizaines de millénaires. Son outillage est bien connu, et il tend à s'alléger dans ses phases récentes au nord-ouest (Maroc actuel. Désormais, un art rigoureusement paléolithique est connu en Haute-Égypte, daté entre 18 et 23000 BP (Huyge, 2013. Ses canons stylistiques sont identiques à ceux des rares sites solutréens ibériques, précisément au moment où les industries bifaciales y pénètrent sous la forme dite de "Solutréen Moyen". Les phases proto-solutréennes, rassemblées sous ce vocable, appartiennent en fait aux variantes gravettiennes, issues d'Europe Centrale et furent mal interprétées. Dans son extension européenne, le Solutréen forme une cassure manifeste, tranchant sur l'histoire de notre continent. Limité à sa partie extrêmement occidentale, il disparaît rapidement dès que les Gravettiens finaux adoptent les modes de vie et les valeurs appropriées vers l'extension et le développement magdalénien.The vast Aterian civilization occupied the entire area of the modern Sahara,between the Nile, the Senegal and the Maghreb during tens of thousands of years. Its tools arewell known, which tend to become smaller and lighter during the later phases in theNorthwest (modern Morocco. Rigorously Paleolithic art is now known from this period inUpper Egypt, dating prior to 23,000 BP (Huyge 2013. Its stylistic patterns are identical tothose of rare sites attributed to definitive Solutrean in Iberia, specifically when bifacialindustries arrived as the "Middle Solutrean". The Proto-Solutrean phases grouped under thisterm in fact belong to Gravettian variants coming from Central Europe and were incorrectlyinterpreted. During its European expansion, the Solutrean creates a clear break in theprehistory of Europe. Limited in its extremely western part, it rapidly disappeared when thelast Gravettians adopted ways of life and values leading to the expansion and development ofthe Magdalenian.

  15. Brancher les universités africaines sur le monde | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    31 août 2012 ... Créée en 2005 avec l'appui du CRDI, l'Alliance UbuntuNet a aidé à propulser de nombreux établissements d'enseignement d'Afrique orientale et australe à l'ère de l'Internet en favorisant des politiques et des pratiques qui ont réduit considérablement le coût de l'accès au Web.

  16. Accroître les occasions d'affaire pour les jeunes Africains dans les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Expanding Business Opportunities for African Youth in Agricultural Value Chains in Southern Africa (CultiAF). This project will develop and test novel, creative, and bold business models that increase the participation of youth in fish and maize post-harvest value chains in Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

  17. La résilience et les petits exploitants agricoles africains : accroître la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Articles de revue. Farmers' perceptions lead to experimentation and learning. Téléchargez le PDF. Rapports. Lack of resilience in African smallholder farming : exploring measures ... L'Initiative des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique en Afrique subsaharienne remporte le prix de la diplomatie scientifique.

  18. Des économistes africains favorisent la croissance et la réduction de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    25 oct. 2010 ... Les chemins du savoir. L'expérience de trois consortiums de recherche financés par le CRDI donne un aperçu des méthodes fructueuses pouvant mettre à profit les compétences. Bibliothèque numérique du CRDI Extrants de recherche. Consortium pour la recherche économique en Afrique ( AERC ) ...

  19. Diaspora et économie internationale: le cas des Sud-Africains d’origine indienne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Landy

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available L’Inde rêve que la diaspora indienne joue un rôle économique comparable à celui de la diaspora chinoise pour la Chine. En comparant trois cartes de la répartition mondiale des personnes d’origine indienne et des investissements internationaux, on constate que les pays à forte communauté indienne ne sont pas toujours des partenaires économiques majeurs de l’Inde. Celle-ci demeure une référence forte pour la diaspora, parfois très ancienne. Le cas de l’Afrique du Sud illustre bien la dissolution des liens matériels entre les personnes d’origine indienne et l’Inde, aggravée par la coupure de l’apartheid: la carte de l’Inde a souvent disparu des esprits, au profit d’une Inde bien plus abstraite.

  20. Soutien institutionnel au Réseau ouest et centre africain de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Driving vaccine innovations to improve lives and livelihoods. Five world-class research teams are working to develop vaccines for neglected livestock diseases in the Global South. View moreDriving vaccine innovations to improve lives and livelihoods ...

  1. Sociétés africaines de l’information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Eveno

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Au cœur de l’expression « société de l’information » comme dans celle, plus récente, de « société de la connaissance », il y a au moins un paradoxe intéressant, celui de l’opposition quelques peu factice entre globalisation et territorialisation. Les premiers temps du développement des politiques publiques consacrées aux Tic renvoyaient presque exclusivement à l’expression d’une norme immanente. Comme s’il y avait dans la problématique du développement des sociétés, un horizon et un seul, iné...

  2. Un think tank ouest-africain accroît son rayonnement et renforce ses ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 avr. 2016 ... La criminalité et la pauvreté au Ghana urbain. La manière dont la criminalité et la pauvreté interagissent a été étudiée et débattue dans la littérature de recherche occidentale, mais on sait pe. Voir davantageLa criminalité et la pauvreté au Ghana urbain · Ce que nous faisons · Financement · Ressources ...

  3. Adapter les établissements sud-africains aux répercussions des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'équipe du projet élaborera des lignes directrices visant la planification et la conception, appelées le Livre vert, pour mettre en lumière les risques climatiques et déterminer les solutions d'adaptation appropriées pour les différents établissements urbains. À l'heure actuelle, le Livre rouge de l'Afrique du Sud fournit des ...

  4. Création d'emplois dans l'agriculture africaine | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chercheurs jetteront de la lumière sur les solutions possibles dans divers contextes politiques. Ils mobiliseront les intervenants clés dans le domaine des politiques afin de promouvoir l'utilisation des données de la recherche dans les programmes d'emploi productifs dans chacun des pays. Leadership du projet

  5. Les Africaines et les TIC : Enquête sur les technologies, la question ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 févr. 2011 ... Ineke Buskens est une anthropologue des cultures qui se passionne pour la méthodologie de la recherche et l'autonomisation des femmes et porte un profond respect à la diversité culturelle et à l'unicité de l'être humain. Elle a fait ses études à Leiden, aux Pays Bas, et a vécu au Ghana, en Inde et au ...

  6. Revue Africaine de Chirurgie et Spécialités - Vol 11, No 1 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cas Clinique:Emasculation totale : à propos d'un cas · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. M.I.I. Barry, M. Keita, D. Kante, T.M.O. Diallo, M.D. Bah, A.B. Diallo, I. Bah, O.R. Bah, S. Guirassy, K.B. Sow, M.B. Diallo, 29-32 ...

  7. Revue Africaine de Chirurgie et Spécialités - Vol 7, No 3 (2013)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Complications du traitement traditionnel des fractures : aspects épidémiologiques et cliniques. EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. L Lamah, D Handy, ML Bah, D Onivogui, K Keita, S Sidime, IG Diallo, A Barry, MM Diallo, B Koivogui, ML Kaba, D Keita, AP Aboud, 31-35 ...

  8. Revue Africaine de Chirurgie et Spécialités

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rupture traumatique du diaphragme au CHU Gabriel Touré de Bamako, Mali · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. B T Dembélé, A Togo, A Traoré, Y Sidibé, M Konaté, A A Traoré, A Bah, T Koné, I Tounkara, L Kanté, I Diakité, B Karembé, A Koné, M.I Mangane, G Diallo ...

  9. Revue Africaine de Chirurgie et Spécialités - Vol 11, No 2 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rupture traumatique du diaphragme au CHU Gabriel Touré de Bamako, Mali · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. B T Dembélé, A Togo, A Traoré, Y Sidibé, M Konaté, A A Traoré, A Bah, T Koné, I Tounkara, L Kanté, I Diakité, B Karembé, A Koné, M.I Mangane, G Diallo ...

  10. Capital humain et croissance : Evidences sur les données de pays Africains

    OpenAIRE

    Dorothée Boccanfuso; Luc Savard; Bernice E. Savy

    2009-01-01

    La théorie économique a pendant longtemps admis une relation positive entre le capital humain et la croissance économique (Smith, 1776 ; Becker, 1964) qui sera remise en cause à la fin des années 90 dans plusieurs études (Caselli et al., 1996 ; Pritchett, 2001). Parmi les faiblesses identifiées par ces auteurs, la critique relative à l’utilisation du nombre moyen d’années d’étude comme proxy utilisé pour évaluer le stock de capital humain est souvent avancée. La non prise en considération des...

  11. L'urbanisation africaine sous les reflets du mirage de la mondialisation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Reflection on "African urbanisation in the light of the mirage of globalization" focuses on the following main preoccupations: Characteristics of African urbanisation in the context of globalization; Response of social and cultural anthropology; and Perspectives offered to research and research-action? This paper raises ...

  12. Le Mal africain – pas si mal que ça !

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mike Singleton

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available De l’avis engagé d’une génération précédente d’observateurs occidentaux, aussi bien leurs propres couches populaires que la plupart des peuples primitifs se sont laissé faire par le rouleau compresseur de la Modernité. En Angleterre, où un surplus de fumier chevalin avait “libéré” pour le marché de l’emploi une main-d’œuvre paysanne aussi dépaysée que pléthorique (Wrigley, 1988, les Luddites (Thompson, 1968, dignes descendants d’autres défenseurs des causes perdues du Royaume comme les «Dig...

  13. Biomasse et stocks de carbone des forêts tropicales africaines (synthèse bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loubota Panzou, GJ.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Biomass and carbon stocks of tropical African forests. A review. Introduction. Quantifying the biomass and carbon stocks contained in tropical forests has become an international priority for the implementation of the REDD+ mechanism. Forest biomass is estimated at three successive levels: the tree, the stand and the region level. This paper reviews the state of the art regarding the estimation of biomass and carbon stocks in tropical African forests. Literature. This review highlights the fact that very few allometric equations, equations used for estimating the biomass of the tree using non-destructive measurements (diameter, height, have been established for tropical African forests. At the stand level, the review highlights the spatial and temporal variations in biomass between forest types in Central and Eastern Africa. While biomass recovery after a disturbance (logging, for instance is rather quick, a great deal of uncertainty still remains regarding the spatial variation in biomass, and there is no consensus on a regional biomass map. The quality of biomass mapping in tropical Africa strongly depends on the type of remotely-sensed data being used (optical, RADAR or LIDAR, and the allometric equation used to convert forest inventory data into biomass. Conclusions. Based on the lack of precision of the available allometric equations and forest inventory data and the large spatial scale involved, many uncertainties persist in relation to the estimation of the biomass and carbon stocks contained in African tropical forests.

  14. Préparer la prochaine génération de scientifiques africains | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 nov. 2013 ... ... l'enseignement : de l'éducation de la petite enfance à la formation professionnelle et ... Il a quitté les chemins poussiéreux du Bénin rural de son enfance pour les ... AIMS m'a donné la confiance et les connaissances voulues pour .... Il est né en Afrique du Sud et ses parents ont tous deux fait de la prison ...

  15. Migration et commerce de distribution dans les villes ouest-africaines

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La migration et le commerce de distribution agissent en synergie sur la structuration de l'espace urbain. Ils apparaissent comme des instruments privilégiés d'analyse des questions relevant de l'économie spatiale (Dupont, 1986). Leur impact sur la dynamique urbaine participe à la création d'activités et d'investissements ...

  16. L'union fait la force : des universités africaines se regroupent pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 févr. 2011 ... Un autre réseau régional, appelé Bandwidth Consortium, réunit onze universités pour le compte desquelles il a récemment conclu un accord avec le fournisseur de services par satellite Intelstat. Aux termes de cet accord, les membres du groupe pourront obtenir plus de bande passante moyennant le tiers ...

  17. Revue Africaine de Chirurgie et Spécialités: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Any typescript that is declared unpublishable by at least two experts shall be returned via electronic mail to the corresponding author with the two anonymous reports bearing the mention «refused» In case of a single unfavourable opinion, another expertise may be solicited. In the other cases, the necessary corrections are ...

  18. Donner aux chercheurs africains la possibilité d'exercer une ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le renforcement de la capacité des chercheurs d'exercer une influence sur les ... Addressing Africa's unmet need for family planning by intensifying sexual and ... conference of McGill's Institute for the Study of International Development.

  19. Revue Africaine de Chirurgie et Spécialités - Vol 9, No 3 (2015)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les séquelles de brûlures en chirurgie pédiatrique au CHU Gabriel Touré de Bamako · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. O Coulibaly, Y Coulibaly, I Toure, M Keita, Y Coulibaly, A Togo, I Diakite, L Kante, A Traore, BT Dembele, M Konate, G Diallo, 29-34 ...

  20. Pozitivní psychologie – věda nejen o štěstí

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Slezáčková, Alena

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 4, č. 3 (2010), s. 55-69 ISSN 1802-8853 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP407/10/2410; GA ČR GA406/09/1255 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : positive psychology * human strengths * teaching psychology Subject RIV: AN - Psychology http://e-psycholog.eu/pdf/slezackova.pdf

  1. Oude wijn in nieuwe zakken? : De psychologie van mensen in organisaties heeft meer te bieden dan Matthijs Bal denkt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ellemers, N.; de Gilder, Dick

    2016-01-01

    In dit artikel reageren wij op de bewering dat de hedendaagse arbeids- en organisatiepsychologie de mens benadert als 'homo economicus' (Bal, 2015). Wij betogen dat er binnen dit vakgebied wel degelijk stelselmatig aandacht wordt besteed aan de interpersoonlijke relaties en emotionele reacties in

  2. Schizofrenie z hlediska psychologie osobních konstruktů: teorie, výzkum, psychoterapie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Filip, Miroslav

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 3 (2011), 204-221 ISSN 0009-062X R&D Projects: GA ČR GP406/09/P604 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : schizophrenia * personal construct psychology * psychotherapy Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 0.087, year: 2011

  3. Estudo psicológico longitudinal na distrofia miotônica Longitudinal psychologie study in myotonic dystrophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Maria Duarte Wigg

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se estudo longitudinal das alterações cognitivas de 12 casos de distrofia miotônica comparando os resultados de dois exames com intervalo de tempo entre eles, pois em uma primeira avaliação detectaram-se alterações vísuo-espaciais e construtivas que poderiam evoluir ou não com o passar do tempo. Foram aplicados os seguintes instrumentos de medidas psicológicas: matrizes progressivas de Raven (escala especial forma caderno para as crianças, adolescentes e adultos com dificuldades cognitivas graves e escala geral para adolescentes e adultos sem dificuldades cognitivas graves, Wechsler (escala para crianças, subtestes semelhanças e números, cubos de Kohs e Piaget-Head. A seleção dos testes e respectivas escalas e formas teve como referencial as entrevistas psicológicas realizadas caso a caso. Estes instrumentos com respectivos resultados foram comparados em cada caso através de duas avaliações, com um intervalo de aproximadamente três anos e meio entre a primeira e a segunda avaliações de cada teste. Quanto ao desempenho nos testes, verificamos: (a melhor desempenho estatisticamente significante na segunda avaliação pelo teste dos Cubos de Kohs, porém tanto o primeiro quanto o segundo exame denotaram desempenhos bastante insuficientes; (b leve queda do desempenho no teste de Head 1-3; (c leve melhora nos demais testes.The authors studied in two occasions a group of 12 patients with myotonic dystrophy in a mean interval of three years and a half between the examinations. The neuro - psychological battery included the following tests: Raven's progressive matrices (coloured and general scales , Wechsler children intelligence scale (WISC, Kohs' blocks and Piaget-Head. 50% of the patients had better scores on the second examination on RCPM, 81.89% on WISC-digit span, 63.67% on WISC-numbers, 44.44% on Piaget-Head 2 and 60% on Kohs' blocks. However, on Piaget-Head 1-3, the majority had worse results (87.56% with statistical significative difference (p <0.05. Though the scores from Kohs' blocks were better in 60% of the patients with p< 0.05, we have to consider that 60% had 0 point on first examination being their scores a little better on second one. This is enough to result on statistical significative difference, however, very low if compared to normal subjects.

  4. Behaviorism in 1942: A Precis of Tilquin's "Le Behaviorisme: Origine et Developpement de la Psychologie de Reaction en Amerique"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonneau, F.

    2006-01-01

    Book-length treatments of behaviorism from a philosophical and historical perspective are few in number. Tilquin's (1942) is one of these, but its publication in French during World War II and the limited number of available copies make for difficult access. In this paper, I summarize the contents of the book for a general audience of behavior…

  5. Psychologie v narativní tónině se vynořila v souvislostech

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Čermák, Ivo

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 47, č. 6 (2003), s. 513-532 ISSN 0009-062X R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK9058117; GA AV ČR IAA8025004 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7025918 Keywords : Narrative psychology ů narrative turn ů narrative metaphor Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 0.232, year: 2003

  6. Energy differently - Booklet supplement to 'Alternatives economiques' journal (no. 54, Feb. 2012); L'energie autrement - Alternatives economiques hors-serie (no. 54, Fevrier 2012)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2012-02-01

    This booklet screens the different renewable energy sources and focusses on their ecological advantage and economical maturity aspects. The book is divided in five parts: 1 - the energy transition: energies of yesterday and tomorrow; France: the end of compulsive consumption?; NegaWatt: a transition scenario for France; 2 - consuming less energy: saving energy; will the building industry revolution take place?; electricity: the constantly seeking more attitude can be avoided; smart grids: can they generate energy saving?; is the electric-powered car really ecological?; waste sorting: more effort is needed; is Internet a source of energy saving?; does tele-working reduce pollution?; how to feed people without impacting environment?; should we stop purchasing imported goods?; how can we get rid of trucks?; Is the carbon compensation system useful?; is innovation capable to save us?; 3 - producing energy differently: renewable energies - the French backwardness; hydro-energy; marine energies; thermal solar energy; photovoltaic energy; solar concentration; terrestrial wind power; offshore wind power; geothermal energy; heat pumps; agro-fuels; biomass and wood fuels; biogas; cogeneration; CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration; adapting the power grid to the renewable energies development; 4 - Initiatives: Enercoop, a 100% renewable power supplier; Le Mene (Brittany, France): towards a positive energy territory; local wind turbines: from Montdidier to Issoudun; the eco-districts revolution; interdependent funds for alternate energies; against fossil fuels extraction; Juneau (Alaska) moves to low-consumption; when solidarity and electricity go together: the example of Nicaragua; 5 - energy in debates: 'it is not too late'; a challenge for democracy; is France ready for nuclear phasing out?; reorganizing consumption; a turn to take today; understanding the photovoltaic crisis; how to finance renewable energy sources?; what impact on employment?; should we have to establish a carbon tax?; what energy for southern countries?

  7. The contribution of economic theory to the energy debates; L'apport de la theorie economique aux debats energetiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Percebois, J

    1999-11-01

    This paper proposes a brief overview of the contributions of the micro- and macro-economic theory to the answer of the following four main questions: 1 - how will change the world energy demand with respect to the economic activity and what will be the determining factors of this demand, globally and per energy source? What are the respective roles of energy prices and technological innovations? How will change the petroleum price and what will be the share of economical and political weight in this change? 2 - how passing on this price to the end-user taking into consideration the national preferences? Is there an optimum price when the energy producing, transporting and distributing company is a monopoly? 3 - what is the optimal structure of a network industry? 4 - how to integrate the local and global externalities characteristic of the energy sector in the economical calculus? (J.S.)

  8. Geothermal energy, an economic development tool for Murdochville; La geothermie, un outil de developpement economique pour Murdochville

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raymond, J.; Therrien, R. [Laval Univ., Quebec City, PQ (Canada). Dept. of Geology and Geological Engineering; Lemieux, A. [Commissaire industriel, Murdochville, PQ (Canada)

    2009-09-15

    A geothermal energy system will be constructed to stimulate the economy in Murdochville, Quebec. A 375 metre deep ventilation shaft measuring approximately 4.57 m in diameter at an abandoned copper mine will be use to access the geothermal energy. The Murdochville project is being funded by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) green municipal fund and the Quebec Ministry of Municipal Affairs. The major benefit is that any commercial or industrial company wanting to settle in the industrial park can hook up to the heat pumps for free without any drilling costs. The town of Murdochville will distribute the hot water and will assume the upkeep of the system. Dollar savings will be significant for companies that consume large amounts of energy, such as greenhouses, fish farms, and agro-food companies that require hot water for food processing. Heat pumps are used to provide the energy for space heating and air conditioning. The use of these geothermal district heating systems is growing because they offer significant energy savings. The investment costs related to drilling are high, and the pay-back period on geothermal systems can be more than ten years. Mining sites, abandoned or not, are conducive to the installation of heat pump systems through either surface water or groundwater. For example, a system using geothermal groundwater could be established by drilling very few holes, and possibly none. It was concluded that the energy savings associated with a geothermal system, particularly in times of recession, may be considerable and that the local economy can be stimulated by the energy savings. This article noted that there are many abandoned and operating mines throughout Quebec that may be potential sites for such geothermal energy systems. 3 figs.

  9. Energy-Environment interface: an economic model approach; L`interface energie - environnement: une approche economique modelisee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glot-Sanchez, N

    1995-03-17

    This thesis is separated in two parts. The first part has four chapters, from the first to the fourth one;the second part has four chapters, from the fifth to the eighth one. The first part describes an analysis of different areas about the subject: the energy sphere, the environmental sphere, the notion of external effects and environmental policy in terms of instruments. The second part is the analysis of the results of a model, aiming to determine the energy strategies in matter of electricity production and their investments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. 181 refs.

  10. VALORISATION DES RESSOURCES EN EAU EN GUINEE EN VU D’UN DEVELOPPEMENT ECONOMIQUE, SOCIAL ET DURABLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selly CAMARA

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The Republic of Guinea has a rich and diversified hydrological potential. Several rivers in the sub region have their source. The hydrographic network comprises 1161 rivers, grouped into 23 watersheds. The country has 14 international rivers, including the Niger River, whose basin is shared by nine countries. Unfortunately, water resources are now threatened by anthropogenic activities of diverse origins (extensive agriculture, open-pit mining, illegal fishing, bush fires, making cooked bricks along streams, etc. and the adverse effects of climate change. Moreover, the institutional and legal aspects are not conducive to the sustainable management of water resources. The impact of water shortage will be felt on all socio-economic activities. The agriculture sector is the main user of water in the country, droughts and recurrent floods have led to a decline in cereal food supplies. The country has a high hydroelectric potential (6,000 MW, unfortunately, only 6% of its potential is used. In order to meet its international commitments to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions, by 2030, the country will have to quintuple its hydroelectric production, which constitutes clean energy. The drinking water supply sector remains confronted with the low capacity of production and treatment of water. The management of water resources in the country is based on general plans for water development elaborated between 1978 and 1982. However, the country seeks to have a national policy for integrated water resources management and development of an action plan focusing on taking into account cooperation on shared watersheds.

  11. L'AUGMENTATION DE LA RESPONSABILITE SOCIALE DES ENTREPRISES DE TOURISME DANS LE CONTEXTE DE LA CRISE ECONOMIQUE MONDIALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NICULA VIRGIL

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Corporate Social Responsibility has become a key concept in modern corporate culture. This paper presents the results of an exclusive consumer survey on the willingness to pay for CSR, as well as best practices from other industries and precise suggestions for the implementation and monitoring of CSR in the travel industry. The concept of CSR was introduced in Germany in the mid-1990s. Since then, the idea has prolifically developed in all directions and enjoyed a rapid rise in popularity. Measures to improve the situation at the holiday destination were also strongly supported. As regards the services on offer, guests turned their attention mainly to security in hotels, information for guests about travel safety as well as monitoring the security situation in the country of travel.

  12. Analyse de l' impact physiologique et economique de l' elagage des arbres d' alignement en port libre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baudoin J.P.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of physiological and economical impacts of the roadside trees pruning. The management of the roadside trees requires special care. Several factors interact with their growth and development, many trees presenting decay. In addition of aesthetic impact, this decay leads to high pruning costs, or even costs of replacing trees, and serious risk of tree fall. Although the situations are more and more complicated, an increasing lack in trees monitoring is observed. Due to neglected plantations, overpruning is very often adopted, although researchers have demonstrated for several years the damage of this practice. An economic study is here proposed and concerns a walkway of common limes (Tilia X europaea L.. It constituted a landscape reference mark of high patrimonial value. Trees were topped and their crowns were overpruned. The comparison of costs between crown thinning at regular intervals and topping shows a ratio of one to two or more and a patrimonial value loss of trees of nearly 85/. Customer education and teaching managers are the best ways to stop drastic pruning, due only to easier alternative and a lack of professionalism.

  13. Economic statistics for the mining and metallurgical industries: 1990. Statistique economique des industries extractives et metallurgiques annee 1990

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rzonzef, L.

    1991-01-01

    Provides economic statistics for the Belgian mining and metallurgical industries in 1990. The review is divided into 4 parts: the extractive industries (including an analysis of the coal market and mines, quarries and associated industries); coke and briquette making; metallurgy (i.e. blast furnaces, steel making, rolling mills and manpower and materials consumption in the steel industry); and the extraction of sand from the Belgian continental shelf. 17 tabs.

  14. Areva. 2007 figures economic, social, societal and environmental data; Areva. Chiffres 2007 donnees economiques, sociales, societales et environnementales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    This document presents the 2007 economic, social, societal and environmental data of the Areva Group. Content: 1 - Improvement initiative: Continuous improvement, Innovation; 2 - Financial performance: 2007 results; 3 - Commitment to employees: Stakeholder relations, Health and safety, Radiation protection, Radiological impacts, Technological risks, Workforce, Workforce and training; 4 - Environment: Water, Energy, Gaseous releases, Liquid releases, Conventional waste, Radioactive waste; 5 - Reporting and performance indicators: Reporting methodology, Auditors' report, Social indicators, Environmental indicators.

  15. Oil prices and the U.S. business cycle; Le prix du petrole et la conjoncture economique americaine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lescaroux, F

    2006-06-15

    The recent surge in oil prices rakes up old fears and the spectre of stagflation hangs over worldwide economic growth's forecasts. After 30 years of research however analysts still disagree about the influence of oil prices on macro-economic variations and the estimations of the consequences of a costlier barrel differ. As to the United States for example, elasticities between real GDP and oil price form a wide spectrum stretching from a value close to -1% to -11,6%. In this context, we try to identify the potential sources of instability in the oil price-macro-economy relationship in order to explain the width of this range. First we draw attention to the distinction between the effects of an upward disequilibrium and of an upturn in the equilibrium in the oil price series. This distinction lets us share the range of published results in two parts: the elasticities of real American GDP with respect to an upward imbalance and with respect to a rise in the equilibrium price would lie approximately in the ranges extending, respectively, from -1% to -5,5% and from -5% to -11,6%. We direct our work towards the analysis of the consequences of short-run variations in the oil prices on the U.S. business cycle. We identify a set of influences which condition the vulnerability of an economy and then construct an econometric sectoral and non-linear model inspired from Marshall's theory. The simulations conducted let us explain the long-run weakening in the oil price-macro-economy relationship and highlight the prominent part played by imported inflation and monetary policy in the crisis of the 70's and 80's. According to the values of the structural factors in the model and to the shape of the oil price short-run disequilibrium, the elasticities evaluated cover the whole range of published elasticities. (author)

  16. The contribution of economic theory to the energy debates; L'apport de la theorie economique aux debats energetiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Percebois, J.

    1999-11-01

    This paper proposes a brief overview of the contributions of the micro- and macro-economic theory to the answer of the following four main questions: 1 - how will change the world energy demand with respect to the economic activity and what will be the determining factors of this demand, globally and per energy source? What are the respective roles of energy prices and technological innovations? How will change the petroleum price and what will be the share of economical and political weight in this change? 2 - how passing on this price to the end-user taking into consideration the national preferences? Is there an optimum price when the energy producing, transporting and distributing company is a monopoly? 3 - what is the optimal structure of a network industry? 4 - how to integrate the local and global externalities characteristic of the energy sector in the economical calculus? (J.S.)

  17. Techno-economic optimisation of energy systems; Contribution a l'optimisation technico-economique de systemes energetiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mansilla Pellen, Ch

    2006-07-15

    The traditional approach currently used to assess the economic interest of energy systems is based on a defined flow-sheet. Some studies have shown that the flow-sheets corresponding to the best thermodynamic efficiencies do not necessarily lead to the best production costs. A method called techno-economic optimisation was proposed. This method aims at minimising the production cost of a given energy system, including both investment and operating costs. It was implemented using genetic algorithms. This approach was compared to the heat integration method on two different examples, thus validating its interest. Techno-economic optimisation was then applied to different energy systems dealing with hydrogen as well as electricity production. (author)

  18. Oil prices and the U.S. business cycle; Le prix du petrole et la conjoncture economique americaine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lescaroux, F

    2006-06-15

    The recent surge in oil prices rakes up old fears and the spectre of stagflation hangs over worldwide economic growth's forecasts. After 30 years of research however analysts still disagree about the influence of oil prices on macro-economic variations and the estimations of the consequences of a costlier barrel differ. As to the United States for example, elasticities between real GDP and oil price form a wide spectrum stretching from a value close to -1% to -11,6%. In this context, we try to identify the potential sources of instability in the oil price-macro-economy relationship in order to explain the width of this range. First we draw attention to the distinction between the effects of an upward disequilibrium and of an upturn in the equilibrium in the oil price series. This distinction lets us share the range of published results in two parts: the elasticities of real American GDP with respect to an upward imbalance and with respect to a rise in the equilibrium price would lie approximately in the ranges extending, respectively, from -1% to -5,5% and from -5% to -11,6%. We direct our work towards the analysis of the consequences of short-run variations in the oil prices on the U.S. business cycle. We identify a set of influences which condition the vulnerability of an economy and then construct an econometric sectoral and non-linear model inspired from Marshall's theory. The simulations conducted let us explain the long-run weakening in the oil price-macro-economy relationship and highlight the prominent part played by imported inflation and monetary policy in the crisis of the 70's and 80's. According to the values of the structural factors in the model and to the shape of the oil price short-run disequilibrium, the elasticities evaluated cover the whole range of published elasticities. (author)

  19. Le journaliste et le griot: les traces de l'oralité dans la presse écrite africaine

    OpenAIRE

    M.-S. Frère

    1999-01-01

    This paper will show the similarities between the journalist's role and narrative style and those of the griot', a key player the traditional exercise of power. The new private press appeared in French-speaking Africa as a part of the democratic process at the beginning of the 1990's, in the context of politic liberalization (multipartism, institutional renewal) and in the flow of a new type of political speech that allows contradictions, critiques and debates. The journalist, that had mostly...

  20. Enquête entomologique dans le foyer historique de trypanosomose humaine africaine de Bendjé (Gabon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kohagne Tongué L.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available La situation de la maladie du sommeil est très peu connue au Gabon. De nombreux foyers historiques n’ont pas été prospectés depuis plus de 15 ans. Le foyer historique de Bendjé fournit régulièrement quelques cas, dépistés passivement, qui concernent le plus souvent des pêcheurs dont il est a priori difficile de déterminer le lieu probable de contamination du fait de leur grande mobilité au cours de leurs activités. La présence des hommes infectés dans ce foyer historique pourrait favoriser son réveil s’il existe un contact étroit entre les différents éléments potentiellement présents du cycle épidémiologique (homme, vecteur, trypanosome. Afin de vérifier l’existence éventuelle d’un risque trypanosomien dans ce foyer, nous y avons mené une enquête entomologique. Des pièges ont été posés dans des biotopes fréquentés par l’homme et laissés en place pendant quatre jours. Trois espèces de glossines (Glossina palpalis palpalis, G. pallicera newsteadi et G. caliginea ont été capturées et deux espèces de trypanosomes (Trypanosoma vivax et T. brucei s.l. identifiées par PCR. Ces résultats suggèrent l’existence d’un cycle de transmission animal. Le contact entre les hommes et les glossines est particulièrement étroit dans tous les types de site prospectés, à l’exception de la mangrove.

  1. L'huile d'argan du Maroc, première IGP africaine | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 oct. 2010 ... La Commission nationale des signes distinctifs d'origine et de qualité (CNSDOQ) du Maroc a attribué l'appellation IGP (indication géographique protégée) à l'huile d'argan, appréciée depuis longtemps pour ses vertus nutritives, cosmétiques et médicinales. Le roi Mohammed VI a remis au groupe ...

  2. La diaspora africaine et l'identité biculturelle : Enjeux et défis pour la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Up to now, observation has shown that the action of diaspora associations in favor of the continent remains remarkable, through remittances, social economy ... the two aforementioned and would be enriched by the contributions of both cultures (example: the role of technological socialization in the Asian cultural model).

  3. LES RISQUES LIES AUX MAZUKU DANS LA REGION DE GOMA, REPUBLIQUE DEMOCRATIQUE DU CONGO (RIFT EST-AFRICAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcellin Musosekania KASEREKA

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In the area north of Lake Kivu, in the western part of the African Rift, deep fractures allow the uptake of gas, especially carbon dioxide, into areas locally called mazuku; in Kiswahili places where a diabolical gas kills people. Generally, mazuku are depressions and / or fronts of lava flows where CO2 accumulates by gravity, forming areas where the air is very rich in CO2 and therefore toxic, even lethal. CO2 is a gas heavier than air, asphyxiating, irritates the eyes, nose and throat, and is lethal at concentrations greater than 15%. Unfortunately many mazuku are located within the perimeter of the city of Goma and in immediate surroundings. The population of Goma believes that the CO2 concentrations have decreased over time in the mazuku, yet four surveys of measurements carried out in the mazuku of the city of Goma show the opposite and it goes up to 70% in some sites. The mazuku are found in the city of Goma, but they are most abundant in the Kituku, Green Lake and Bulengo regions. It is unfortunately on these sites that new housing constructions are oriented, which exposes them to the risk already present, spaces with high concentrations of CO2 are already covered by buildings. This volcanic gas has caused and continues to cause deaths of humans and animals in the affected areas. We propose that warning signs be placed or even replaced in these high-risk zones and information and awareness campaigns on the risks associated with mazuku are also strongly recommended.

  4. Le conte Africain: L'univers de l'oralite dans le systeme de l'enseignement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belpassi, Paola

    1994-05-01

    According to current interpretations, the stories preserved in the African oral tradition constitute a rich source of themes for the purposes of moral education. The stories focusing on the relationship between brother and sister, for example, develop the theme of how each individual must find a balance between consanguineous and marital relationships. The author also explores other keys to the interpretation of these stories and argues that they could profitably be used within the framework of a multicultural educational programme, on account of their linguistic, narrative and thematic richness.

  5. Perfomances de reproduction de l'escargot géant africain Archachatina marginata en captivité au Cameroun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tchoumboue, J.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Reproductive and Growth Performances of African Giant Snail Archachatina marginata in Captivity in Cameroon. A study was carried out in the University of Dschang situated in the Soudano-Guinean Western highland of Cameroon with the aim of evaluating the reproductive performances of Archachatina marginata in captivity. Seventy-two adult snails were used as parent stock. Eggs were incubated in two types of boxes (cement blocks and plastic containers with four types of substrates (sand, loose soil, Eucalyptus robusta wood sawdust and Mansonia altisima wood sawdust. Results obtained show that, under the local conditions, A. marginata starts laying eggs from 13 months of age with an average weight of 83.90 ± 11.22 g. It lays 1 to 10 yellow or white eggs at depth up to 12.2 cm. Yellow eggs (1.58 ± 0.49 g are significantly (p≤ 0.05 heavier than white ones (1.38 ± 0.21 g. The incubation period and the hatch rate vary independently from the eggs color from 37 to 93 (mean= 60.62 ± 11.16 days and 0 to 100% (mean= 74.04%. These two parameters are also significantly (P≤ 0.01 influenced by both the type of boxes and the substrates for incubation. The plastic boxes and loose soil substrate seem to suit better for incubation compared to cement blocks and to sand and wood sawdust respectively.

  6. Composition chimique du netetu, condiment alimentaire produit par fermentation des graines de caroubier africain Parkia biglobosa (Jacq. Benth.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wathelet B.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Chemical composition of netetu, a food condiment from fermented Parkia biglobosa seeds. The seed oils and cakes of netetu of different origins available on the Senegalian market have been studied to evaluate the nutritional potentialities of this important food condiment used in many African countries. The total oil content ranged from 141 to 349 g per kg. Careful gas chromatography and GC-MS (Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry investigations revealed seven major fatty acids among which linoleic (41.9-46.8/ of the total fatty acids, oleic (12.6-14.6/, palmitic (10.2-11.3/, stearic (10.0-13.4/, and behenic (12.6-13.4/ predominate. Significant differences were observed between fermented and non-fermented seeds as well as between netetu of different origins. The tocopherol content was found very low (17.7 to 30.6 mg per 100g fat. The total amino acid patterns showed that beside high level of proteins (331 a 540 g per kg and interesting levels of essential constituents, there is an important deficiency of tryptophane, cysteine, methionine and threonine.

  7. Accouchement gémellaire en milieu africain: une analyse de 10 ans dans le district de Bamako au Mali

    Science.gov (United States)

    Théra, Tiounkani; Mounkoro, Niani; Traore, Soumana Omar; Hamidou, Albachar; Traore, Mamadou; Doumbia, Saleck; Tall, Saoudatou; Kouma, Aminata

    2018-01-01

    Introduction Le but de cette étude était de déterminer les facteurs influençant le pronostic de l'accouchement du deuxième jumeau. Méthodes L'étude était rétrospective et a porté sur tous les cas d'accouchements gémellaires enregistrés à la maternité du Centre de Santé de Référence de la commune V du District de Bamako du 1erJanvier 2007 au 31 Décembre 2016 soit sur une période de dix ans. Résultats Nous avons enregistré 34.899 accouchements dont 1374 accouchements gémellaires soit une fréquence de 2,54%; près de 15% étaient des primipares; 39,16% étaient référées; 69,10% et 15,5% autres sans aucun suivi prénatal. Les facteurs influençant négativement pronostic du deuxième jumeau étaient: un délai ≥ 15minutes entre les jumeaux, le recours tardif à la césarienne, la non qualification de l'accoucheur, la grossesse monochoréale, le faible poids de naissance. Par contre la parité, la réalisation de manœuvres obstétricales n'avaient aucune influence sur le pronostic du deuxième jumeau. Conclusion Le pronostic du deuxième jumeau est fortement influencé par un délai de naissance de plus de 15 minutes entre les jumeaux, les autres facteurs agissant comme des cofacteurs. PMID:29662606

  8. Een kwalitatief onderzoek naar de begeleidingsbehoefte van mensen met een Autisme Spectrum Stoornis bij het invullen van vragenlijsten : Adviesrapport; afstudeeronderzoek Toegepaste Psychologie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Landsman-Dijkstra, Johanna; Bos, Mireille; Koopman, Karen

    2013-01-01

    Toegepast gezondheidsonderzoek (hierna te noemen TGO), onderdeel van de afdeling Gezondheidswetenschappen van het Universitair Medisch Centrum Groningen, doet onderzoek naar de effecten van de methodiek: “Bewustwording van prikkelverwerking”. Het onderzoek naar de methodiek wordt uitgevoerd onder

  9. Struktura konstrukčního systému z pohledu psychologie osobních konstruktů

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kovářová, M.; Filip, Miroslav

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 14, November 22 (2012), s. 43-52 ISSN 1801-5336. [Kognice 2011. Brno, 22.09.2011-24.09.2011] R&D Projects: GA ČR GP406/09/P604 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : cognitive complexity * Semantic Selection Test * non-verbal construing Subject RIV: AN - Psychology http://www.phil.muni.cz/linguistica/art/kovarova-filip/kof-001.pdf

  10. Wuerzburská škola: reinterpretace jejích výsledků z pozic současné kognitivní psychologie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sedláková, Miluše

    2001-01-01

    Roč. 7, č. 1 (2001), s. 23-55 ISSN 1211-216X Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7025918 Keywords : history of psychology * psychology of the 20th century * Wuerzburg's school Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  11. Psychologie života v podmínkách koncentračního tábora

    OpenAIRE

    Kohoutová, Zuzana

    2013-01-01

    Diploma thesis was divided into three main parts: the historical part, true stories of survivors and psychological part. The order of these three parts is not accidental. One follows the other, and each of the following, you might say, is clear. The second part contains the real stories of survivors and two stories of survivors of the Auschwitz concentration camp, and two stories from the Theresienstadt ghetto.On the stories of former prisoners trying to illustrate what life was like lágrovéh...

  12. Symbol z pohledu liturgie a analytické psychologie C.G.Junga:pokus o interpretaci křtu jakožto symbolu

    OpenAIRE

    Vydržalová, Simona

    2007-01-01

    A Symbol in Theology and Analytical Psychology of Carl Gustav Jung is about parallel between these two ways of how to look at the phenomena of symbol. Descriptions of symbol from these two points of view are very similar if not even the same in meaning. This indicates that theology and psychology speak about one subject just each of them in different way. As theology and analytical psychology speak about symbol they are still themselves part of symbolical expression. The connection between th...

  13. Rapportages pro Justitia van het Nederlands Instituut voor Forensische Psychiatrie en Psychologie in retrospectief; toepassingen van genetische en neurowetenschappelijke inzichten, in 2000 en 2009

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Harmsel, J.F.; Molendijk, T.; van El, C.G.; M'Charek, A.; Kempes, M.; Rinne, T.; Pieters, T.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Developments in neurosciences and genetics are relevant for forensic psychiatry. AIM:"To find out whether and how genetic and neuroscientific applications are being used in forensic psychiatric assessments, and, if they are, to estimate to what extent new applications will fit in with

  14. Interkulturní psychologie.Kulturologický příspěvek k vybraným tématům.

    OpenAIRE

    Cerha, Ondřej

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the thesis entitled Cross-cultural psychology, culturological contribution to the selected topics, is to present the field of cultural psychology and cross-cultural psychology in the Czech Republic. This thesis focuses on the selected topics from the area of study of cultural psychology and cross-cultural psychology. The thesis is a theoretical and literary overview. Attention is paid to the four thematic areas of psychology: the influence of culture on cognitive processes, individ...

  15. Quelques applications de la decomposition de l'entropie en psychologie et pedagogie (Some Applications of the Resolution of Entropy in Psychology and Pedagogy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillet, Louis

    1971-01-01

    Psychological and educational measurement is carried out according to the type of model used and data collected. The H entropy which shows the dispersion of the data can be divided into intragroup and intergroup entropy. Choice of colors, sociometrical choice, and the communications are three situations where this resolution can be applied. (MF)

  16. Recherches Sur La Psychologie de L'enfant de Milieu Defavorise. Rapport- synthese. (Research Relating to the Psychology of the Child in Disadvantaged Environments. Summary Report).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caouette, Charles E.; Bourbeau, Gerald

    Thirteen doctoral dissertations and five masters theses are summarized in this report of research on the disadvantaged child. Contained in each individual summary are the detailed descriptions of the experimental task, the results obtained and the analysis of these results. The eighteen individual theses are concerned with topics such as:…

  17. Psychologie osobních konstruktů po padesáti letech: proč je teorie George Alexandra Kellyho dodnes inspirující ?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Filip, Miroslav

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 51, č. 1 (2007), s. 1-11 ISSN 0009-062X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA406/06/1577 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : Personal Construct Psychology * measurement theory * psychotherapy Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 0.133, year: 2007

  18. Interagency and Multinational Information Sharing Architecture and Solutions (IMISAS) Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    Kristina [Eds.]: Human Factors. Psychologie sicheren Handelns in Risikosituationen. – Heidelberg: Springer Medizin Verlag, 2008. [Badke-Schaub et al...Heinz; Spada, Hans [Eds.]: Wissenspsychologie. – München; Weinheim: Psychologie Verlags Union, 1988. [Smith 2011] Smith, Kathryn (United States...VA. [Ulich/Mayring 1992] Ulich, Dieter; Mayring, Philipp: Psychologie der Emotionen. – Stuttgart et al.: Kohlhammer, 1992. UNCLASSIFIED K-65

  19. Progressive decommissioning of French nuclear power plants: economic and geopolitical impacts; Declassement progressif du parc nucleaire francais: impacts economiques et geopolitiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P

    1998-09-01

    The author analyzes the french energy safety in the next twenty years. The first part is devoted to the electric production park structure in 2020, with a presentation of the electric power economy, the carbon cost introduction and the economic choices in the deregulation system. The second part discusses the economical and geopolitical impacts of a gas-nuclear substitution. (A.L.B.)

  20. The reversible air-conditioning: economical and ecological asset recognized by the public authorities; La climatisation reversible electrique: des atouts economiques et ecologiques reconnus par les pouvoirs publics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    The reversible air-conditioning allows at once the heating and the cooling of the building. This system is very powerful from an energetic and an environmental point of view. Moreover the government proposes financial assistance to the system implementation with a fiscal amortization. (A.L.B.)

  1. Ageing of power plants socio-economical, sanitary and environmental impact; Veillissement des centrales Impacts socio-economiques, sanitaires et environnementaux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bataille, Ch. [Depute du nord (France); Denner, M. [EDF pour la Region Bourgogne (France); Vouilloux, F. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire, 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France); Foucher, L. [Direction Generale de la Surete Nucleaire et de la Radioprotection, 75 - Paris (France); Serviere, M. [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France); Vila d' Abadal Serra, M

    2005-07-01

    The National Association of the local Commissions of Information (A.N.C.L.I.) presents a colloquium about the ageing of nuclear power plants. The different following points are presented. The life cycle of nuclear power plants and the new types of reactors. The ageing of power plants: stakes and perspectives for the French and world nuclear park. A power plant of 30 years is it sure? The role of the studies of ageing and the follow-up according to the age. Stop or continue to exploit a nuclear power plant: who decides, when and how. The socio-economic consequences of a stop of power plant: the Spanish experience. Ten-year visits of a power plant: the associative experience. 58 reactors today: how to assume their end of life and welcome equipments to come. (N.C.)

  2. Economic Aspects of Radiation Treatment; Considerations Economiques sur le Traitement par Irradiation; Ehkonomicheskie aspekty obrabotki produktov metodom oblucheniya; Consideraciones Economicas Sobre el Tratamiento por Irradiacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leveque, P. [Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (France)

    1966-11-15

    In May 1963, at the Conference held by the International Atomic Energy Agency on the Industrial Uses of Large Radiation Sources, there was considerable discussion of costs. This general exchange of views led to a number of assessments of the cost of treatment by radioactive sources and machines. After three years it seems appropriate to review the basic hypotheses, and in particular to take account of the drop in price: of radioisotopes, especially {sup 137}Cs. This affects the cost both of the installed kW and of the KWh of energy produced. In the light of the experience gained in the past: three years it is possible to define the efficiencies and the load factors observed in plants at present in operation. It is true that in most cases these are treating medical equipment and supplies, but the problems are comparable. (author) [French] En mai 1963, lors de la Conference organisee par l'AIEA sur l'emploi des sources de rayonnements intenses dans l'industrie, un large debat s'etait engage sur les prix de revient. De cette confrontation generale, on a pu tirer quelques evaluations du cout de traitement par sources radioactives et machines. Il est bon, trois ans apres, de revoir les hypotheses de base et surtout de tenir compte de l'abaissement du prix des radioelements et tout specialement du {sup 137}Cs. Ceci influe a la fois sur le prix du kW installe et du kWh d'energie produit. A la lumiere de l'experience acquise pendant ces trois dernieres annees, il est possible de preciser les rendements et facteurs de charge observes dans des installations actuellement en fonctionnement. Il s'agit il est vrai, dans la majorite des cas, de traitements d'accessoires medicaux, mais les problemes sont comparables. (author) [Spanish] En la Conferencia sobre las aplicaciones industriales de las fuentes de radiacion de elevada intensidad, celebrada.en mayo de 1963 bajo los auspicios del OIEA, se inicio un amplio debate sobre los precios de costo. De esta confrontacion general se pudieron sacar varias conclusiones sobre el costo del tratamiento por medio de fuentes radiactivas y maquinas. Es conveniente, tres aflos despues, revisar las hipotesis fundamentales y, sobre todo, tener en cuenta el abaratamiento de los radioelementos, en particular, del {sup 137}Cs. Esto influye a la vez sobre el precio del kilovatio instalado y del kilovatio-hora de energfa producido. La experiencia adquirida en estos tres ultimos aflos permite precisar los rendimientos y factores de carga observados en instalaciones actualmente en servicio. Es cierto que en la mayorfa de los casos estas consisten en instalaciones de tratamiento de accesorios medicos, pero los problemas son analogos. (author) [Russian] V mae 1963 goda vo vremja raboty Konferencii po promyshlennomu primeneniju moshhnyh istochnikov izluchenija, organizovannoj MAGATJe, razvernulas' bol'shaja diskussija po voprosu sebestoimosti. V rezul'tate obmena mnenijami mozhno sdelat' nekotorye ocenki stoimosti obrabotki radioaktivnymi istochnikami i ustrojstvami. Zhelatel'no po istechenii treh let peresmotret' osnovnye gipotezy i uchest' snizhenie stoimosti radiojelementov, i v osobennosti cezija-137. Stoimost' radiojelementov okazyvaet vlijanie srazu na stoimost' 1 kvt ustanovlennoj moshhnosti i kilovatt/chasa proizvodimoj jelektrojenergii. V svete poluchennogo v techenie poslednih treh let opyta imeetsja vozmozhnost' utochnit' proizvoditel'nost' i kojefficient nagruzki dejstvujushhih v nastojashhee vremja ustanovok; Rech' idet v bol'shinstve sluchaev ob obrabotke vspomogatel'nogo medicinskogo oborudovanija, no vse jeti problemy sravnimy. (author)

  3. The energy industries reorganization in the economic globalization; La restructuration des industries de l'energie dans la mondialisation economique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amouroux, J.M

    2003-07-01

    The author wonders on the energy supply evolution since thirty years and more specially the fossil fuels industries reconstruction. The energy panorama has been completely modified by a serial of processes which stopped the nuclear energy expansion and replaced the fossil fuels in the front of the energy scene. The processes are examined to evaluate the consequences of theses transformations on the model of economic development developed by the capitalism. (A.L.B)

  4. Centralised and decentralised heat-pump systems considered from the energy and economics points of view; Chauffage central ou decentralise: perspectives energetiques et economiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hubacher, P.

    2006-07-01

    This article was one of ten papers that were presented at the 13{sup th} Conference of the Research Programme on Ambient Heat, Combined Heat and Power Systems and Cold-generation held at the University of Applied Sciences in Burgdorf, Switzerland in 2006. The conference was organised by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE). In this paper, Peter Hubacher discussed the advantages and disadvantages offered by centralised and decentralised heat-pump systems from the energy and economics points of view. The use of such large heat-pump systems as a source of heating energy for district heating systems is discussed. The report presents the results of studies regarding pressure and heat loss, temperature differentials in the distribution network and in heat exchangers, which, according to the author, all have a direct influence on the heat pump's efficiency. The influences of these factors is examined. Also, the study takes a look at the large variations found in domestic hot-water preparation and the influence of secondary systems on overall heat-pump efficiency figures.

  5. A contribution from Gaz de France to the economic performance of industries; Contribution de Gaz de France a la perfomance economique des industriels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Depail, J.C. [Gaz de France (GDF), 75 - Paris (France)

    1996-12-31

    The aim of the policy of the French national gas utility, Gaz de France, towards industries, is to promote natural gas as a competitive fuel compared to fuels and electric power, with energy efficient solutions that are easy to implement and maintain: space heating, paint curing, surface cleaning, bath heating, vapour generation, waste treatment (especially for molding sand and volatile organic compounds, sludge drying). Gaz de France proposes also expertise schemes and audits

  6. Energetic and economical evaluation of the geothermal water desalination by distillation; Evaluation energeco-economique du procede de dessalement de l'eau geothermale par distillation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nasfi, N.; Hajji, N.; Benali, S.; Jeday, M.R. [Ecole Nationale d' Ingenieurs de Gabes, Lab. d' Energetique et d' Ingenierie, Gabes (Tunisia)

    2001-07-01

    This study is devoted to the energetic and economical performance of desalination units by geothermal water distillation, without and with vapor mechanical compression. The process and its block diagram are described. The obtained results allow the evaluation of the more economical process. (A.L.B.)

  7. Management of gas releases with greenhouse effect: which economical tools?; Maitriser les emissions de gaz a effet de serre: quels instruments economiques?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lepeltier, Serge [Senat, Paris (France)

    2000-06-09

    The climatic change represents the most severe danger to the durable world development, public health and future prosperity. This document concerning the gas releases with greenhouse effect is a report of the Senate Planning delegation regarding the economic and fiscal tools envisaging abatement of releases of gases with greenhouse effect. These issues are presented in four chapters titled as follows: 1. Since the scientific evidencing, requirement of managing the releases of gas with greenhouse effect has been unanimously recognized at the summits of Rio (1992) and Kyoto (1997); 2. The economic theory suggests instruments for reducing the gas releases with greenhouse effect at a minimum cost; 3. Challenges and ways of international cooperation in the field of climatic change; 4. Joining the political will with the pragmatic use of the economic instruments at national scale. The document contains a synthesis of proposals directed towards the following goals: international negotiations relating to climatic change; creating the community framework of managing the gas releases resulting in greenhouse effect; establishing national measures for managing the gas releases leading to greenhouse effect; actions to be undertaken by the territorial collectivities.

  8. The right to energy is a social, economical and environmental emergency; Le droit a l'energie est une urgence sociale, economique et environnementale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coulon, Pierre-Jean

    2010-09-15

    2 billion people on the planet do not have access to energy. This energy deficiency has an impact on health, infant mortality, life expectancy, education, and women's emancipation and it slows development. Following the Copenhagen summit, in a financial crisis context that heavily impacted the world economies, energy issues demand real political commitment, because solutions exist. They include awareness-building, responsibility and commitment of society, because a better accessibility for the populations can't be achieve without the beneficiaries. [French] 2 milliards d'individus n'ont pas acces a l'energie sur la planete. Impact sur la sante, sur la mortalite infantile, sur l'esperance de vie, sur l'education, sur l'emancipation des femmes a cette situation de carence energetique est un frein au developpement. Au lendemain du Sommet de Copenhague, dans un contexte de crise financiere qui a impacte lourdement l'economie mondiale, les questions energetiques necessites une reelle volonte politique, car des solutions existent. Celles-ci passent notamment par la sensibilisation, la responsabilisation et l'implication de la societe civile, car permettre une meilleure accessibilite des populations ne peut pas se faire sans les beneficiaires eux-memes.

  9. Hyperspective, un outil d'aide à la définition des problématiques d'Intelligence Economique

    OpenAIRE

    Goria, Stéphane; Geffroy, Philippe

    2004-01-01

    International audience; Tout dialogue entre deux personnes peut donner suite à de malheureux quiproquos après une interprétation erronée d'un ou plusieurs des termes (et des concepts sous-jacents à ces derniers) employés par l'un ou l'autre des intervenants. Aussi, suite à certaines observations effectuées sur le terrain de l'Intelligence Territoriale, nous avons décidé de développer un outil d'aide à la définition des sujets des demandes de recherche d'information et de veilles, combinant le...

  10. Fossil fuels: technical, economical and political challenges for 2030-2050; Combustibles fossiles: enjeux techniques, economiques et politiques a l'horizon 2030-2050

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This panorama takes stock on the international energy actuality in 2003 and discusses the instability of the geo-political context of the energy and the part of the fossil fuels for the future years 2030-2050. The following topics were presented: activities and market for the exploration-production, refining and petrochemistry, the world gas trade situation, the petroleum supply and demand, the Iraq, the diesel in the USA, the investments and the depletion, long-dated evolutions of motors and fuels, implementing of the european directive concerning the market of tradable permits of CO{sub 2}, the carbon sequestration, hydrogen the energy of the future and the biofuels in Europe. (A.L.B.)

  11. Les relations de la Commision Europeenne Jacques Delors avec l'Association Europeenne de Libre Echange. La creation de l'Espace Economique Europeen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dacian Graţian GAL

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this article is the relation between Jacques Delors European Commission and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA during 1985-1995 and the creation of the Economic European Space (EEE. These relations were focused on the economic aspects, due to the fact that Economic European Community and the European Free Trade Association were two opposites economics blocks. The struggle between EEC and EFTA was over during Jacques Delors terms as head of the European Commission with the accession of three EFTA's countries in the EEC. The EEC victory is the consequence of its political implications and not only its economic implications like in the EFTA case.  

  12. Commission of economical affairs, environment and territory. Report no. 51; Commission des affaires economiques, de l'environnement et du territoire. Compte rendu no. 51

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-05-01

    The aim of this report is to present to the French deputies the comments made by the commission of economic affairs, environment and territory about the project of energy trend law. This law aims at defining in its first article the goals and trends of the French energy policy, and then at completing the existing energy dispositions in order to more efficiently implement these trends. The first title of the law is devoted to the mastery of energy demand and foresee the implementation of a system of energy saving certificates, the reinforcement of the thermal building codes law and a better information of consumers. The second title aims at promoting the development of renewable energy sources. The first part of this report summarizes the general comments made by the commission while the second part makes a detailed examination of each article of the law project. (J.S.)

  13. Fossil fuels: technical, economical and political challenges for 2030-2050; Combustibles fossiles: enjeux techniques, economiques et politiques a l'horizon 2030-2050

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This panorama takes stock on the international energy actuality in 2003 and discusses the instability of the geo-political context of the energy and the part of the fossil fuels for the future years 2030-2050. The following topics were presented: activities and market for the exploration-production, refining and petrochemistry, the world gas trade situation, the petroleum supply and demand, the Iraq, the diesel in the USA, the investments and the depletion, long-dated evolutions of motors and fuels, implementing of the european directive concerning the market of tradable permits of CO{sub 2}, the carbon sequestration, hydrogen the energy of the future and the biofuels in Europe. (A.L.B.)

  14. The economical accounting of the industrial wind power; Face au vent: si nous faisions le bilan economique de l'eolien industriel?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poizat, F

    2006-11-15

    The aim of this document is the description of the implementing mechanism concerning the wind energy, of February 2000 for the principles and July 2006 for the investment program of the Government on the purchase obligation of the wind electricity by EDF. The laws and orders, the cost of the wind energy are detailed and discussed. (A.L.B.)

  15. Wind turbine arrays at Murdochville : socio-economic impacts and industrial reconversion; Parcs eoliens a Murdochville : retombees socio-economiques et reconversion industrielle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lemieux, A. [Town of Murdochville, PQ (Canada)

    2006-07-01

    The region surrounding Murdochville, Quebec is ideally suited for wind energy projects. The existing economic structure of Murdochville was discussed with reference to the socio-economic impact that the development of the 108 MW wind turbine array will have on the community. Murdochville was a mono-industrial copper mining town. From 1999 to 2002, 600 jobs were lost with the closure of the mine and smelter. The current economy is based on information and communication technologies, wind energy, recreational tourism, public services and the commercial sector. In addition to promoting wind energy development, Murdochville's economic strategy in terms of developing renewable energy technologies is to promote forest biomass and geothermal energy, the use of the heat transfer properties of thermal groundwater. This presentation emphasized the town's quality labour force as well as its development strategy for fibre optics use at the SAAQ (Quebec Automobile Insurance Society) call centre. In addition to creating new jobs and a research and development center on wind energy technologies for northern conditions, the installation of the 108 MW wind turbine array at Murdochville has boosted the local economy by creating a series of recreational trails. The town is now a hub for downhill skiing and a variety of recreational trails for snowmobiling.

  16. The Economic representation of environmental consumer behavior. The case of household waste; Representation economique du comportement ecologique des consommateurs. Le cas des dechets menagers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jolivet, P.

    2001-12-01

    This PhD dissertation deals with the economic representation of consumer behavior with regards to their environmental conscience. The particular focus point is the production of household wastes, which is analyzed from a dual point of view: on the one hand as a consequence of consumption activities, and as a specific economic choice activity on the other. The central problem of this dissertation is thus the following: can the phenomenon 'waste' be economically represented as an individual consumption act? The first part of this thesis deals with the environmental sensitivity of consumers in general, and their sensitivity for waste in particular. It is supposed that individuals can integrate the environment in their consumption choices, when buying products on the market: this is defined as continuous environmental rationality. The second part develops the behavior of an individual that decides to separate its waste. On the basis of a qualitative survey among households, their discourse and actions are analyzed in order to define the behavior of a waste consumer-producer. One of the results of our survey is the assumption that when economic agents have an environmental conscience, this latter is not necessarily translated into consumption choices. The conscience for household wastes, which occur only after the consumption moment, defines a discontinuous environmental rationality. On this basis, we suggest to widen the traditional analytical framework of household consumption. (author)

  17. The motorization of peoples' transportation in China. Between economic growth and sustainability; La motorisation du transport de personnes en Chine. Entre croissance economique et soutenabilite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allaire, J.

    2004-01-01

    This paper aims at presenting the origin of the boom of motorized individual transport in China, its already palpable consequences, and the adaptations of the government. The first part shows how the expansion of the automotive industry has been organized by the government. The second part presents the negative externalities linked with motorization: consumption of the urban space, social costs, local and global environmental costs, geo-strategical risks. Finally, the third part explains how the Chinese decision makers try to reduce the problems generated by the shift from a bicycle civilization to an automobile civilization. (J.S.)

  18. Economics of Grain Irradiation; Aspects Economiques de l'Irradiation du Grain; Ehkonomika oblucheniya zerna; Aspectos Ecomomicos de la Irradiacion de Granos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baines, B. D. [Nuclear Chemical Plant Ltd. (United Kingdom); Mosely, J. [Radiation Dynamics Ltd., London (United Kingdom)

    1966-11-15

    After three years, in which preliminary designs were prepared, a grain irradiation plant has been designed and is being built into an existing silo installation. From this experience actual costs of plant construction are available for a plant using cobalt-60 and this experience is incorporated in estimates for machine installations for high grain throughput. Costs are compared for plants of comparable complexity and they indicate those areas in which each type of plant is pre-eminently suitable and those areas where either type may be best, dependent upon local site conditions, the standard of local technology and methods of operation. The two plants compared are described in sufficient detail to enable the precise extent of the equipment supply covered by the costs to be appreciated. The accounting methods employed have been discussed with industrial accountants to ensure that they are acceptable to the potential users. The methods employed are explained so that they can be applied to problems of a similar nature. (author) [French] Apres trois annees d'etude de plans, on a entrepris la construction d'une installation d'irradiation de grains dans un silo preexistant. On dispose maintenant de chiffres sur le cout de la construction d'une installation utilisant le cobalt-60 et on les applique pour evaluer les frais d'installation de machines permettant le traitement des cereales en grandes quantites. La comparaison des prix de revient pour deux installations de complexite analogue indique les secteurs dans lesquels chaque type d'installation convient le mieux ainsi que les secteurs ou les deux types d'installation peuvent etre utilises selon les conditions locales, le niveau technique local et les methodes d'exploitation. Les deux installations comparees sont decrites avec suffisamment de details pour que l'on sache avec precision quel materiel est inclus dans le calcul des couts. Les methodes de comptabilite employees ont ete etudiees avec des comptables industriels pour s'assurer qu'elles sont acceptables pour les utilisateurs eventuels. Les methodes sont en outre expliquees, afin que l'on puisse les appliquer a des problemes analogues. (author) [Spanish] Despues de tres anos de estudios preparatorios se ha proyectado una instalacion de irradiacion de granos que se esta montando en un silo ya en uso. Sobre la base de la experiencia adquirida se calcula el costo real de construccion de una instalacion que utilice cobalto-60; dicha experiencia se aprovecha asimismo para calcular el costo de instalaciones destinadas a tratar grandes cantidades de grano. Se comparan los costos correspondientes a dos tipos de instalaciones de complejidad semejante; por este procedimiento se determina en que regiones resulta mas apropiado cada uno de ellos y en cuales cualquiera de los dos puede ser el mas indicado, segun las condiciones de emplazamiento, el nivel tecnologico local y los metodos de explotacion. Estos dos tipos de instalacion se describen con suficiente detalle para que se puedan apreciar claramente los elementos de equipo que corresponden a los costos indicados. Los metodos de contabilidad se han discutido con contables industriales a fin de tener la seguridad de que son aceptables para los posibles usuarios. Se explican los metodos seguidos para que puedan aplicarse a problemas analogos. (author) [Russian] Spustja tri goda, v techenie kotoryh byli podgotovleny jeskiznye proekty, byla skonstruirovana ustanovka po oblucheniju zerna, kotoraja v nastojashhee vremja ustanavlivaetsja v sushhestvujushhuju ustanovku po silosovaniju. Na osnove jetogo opyta v nastojashhee vremja izvestna dejstvitel'naja stoimost' sooruzhenija predprijatija, ispol'zujushhego ustanovku kobal't-60; jetot opyt vkljuchaetsja v smetu na ustanovku mashin po obrabotke zerna vysokoj propusknoj sposobnosti. Privoditsja sravnenie stoimosti dlja predprijatij sravnimoj slozhnosti i ona opredeljaet te oblasti, v kotoryh kazhdyj vid predprijatija javljaetsja naibolee podhodjashhim, i te oblasti, v kotoryh nailuchshimi mogut javit'sja predprijatija drugogo tipa v zavisimosti ot uslovij mestoraspolozhenija, uslovij mestnoj tehnologii i metodov obrabotki.; Dva sravnivaemyh predprijatija opisyvajutsja dovol'no podrobno s cel'ju predostavlenija vozmozhnosti tochnogo opredelenija ob{sup e}ma postavok oborudovanija, vhodjashhih v chislo podlezhashhih uchetu rashodov. Ispol'zovannye metody kal'kuljacii byli obsuzhdeny s buhgalterami, rabotajushhimi v oblasti promyshlennosti, s tem, chtoby poluchit' uverennost' v ih priemlemosti dlja potencial'nyh potrebitelej. Ispol'zovannye metody ob{sup j}asneny takim obrazom, chto oni mogut byt' primeneny k problemam analogichnogo haraktera. (author)

  19. Ecriture traumatique de la problematique de la jeunesse chez deux ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ecriture traumatique de la problematique de la jeunesse chez deux romanciers africains froncophones: Ahmadou kourouma et boubacar boris diop, ou l'Afrique au pied du mur de la crise de la conscience Africaine.

  20. African Journal of Science and Technology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... The African Journal of Science and Technology (AJST) is a biannual technical publication ... Le Journal Africain de Science et de Technologie est une revue scientifique du Journal Africain ...

  1. La régulation bancaire dans l'Union économique et monétaire ouest-africaine est-elle efficace ?

    OpenAIRE

    Pascal H. Dannon; Frédéric Lobez

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates empirically the impact of bank regulation on the risk of default of WAEMU banks over the period 2000-2010. Our results suggest that banks which have relatively high capital ratios, those focusing on loans as well as large banks have a lower risk of default. However, WAEMU banks seem to finance riskier and more profitable assets to offset the extra cost of subordinated debt. Favorable macroeconomic conditions are factors reducing the risk of default while a high share o...

  2. Conventional energy supply and impacts in African cities; L'approvisionnement en energie traditionnelle et impacts dans les villes africaines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dianka, M. [GAA/RPTES, Dakar (Senegal)

    2002-03-01

    Before discussing supplies of conventional energy in sub-Sahara, one must consider certain information and important facts. In each country, the supplies in conventional energy are moving within a holistic frame with inter sectoral links between energy and the other problems encountered by national economies: forestry, agriculture, livestock production, demography, urbanization, poverty. In this light, the author indicated it might be wise to take into account a few major facts that underlay the Urban Demand in Domestic Combustibles before devising sustainable solutions. It was explained that in most of the African countries located South of the Sahara, there was a trend toward greater urbanization and the movement of refugees. In large part, these trends are the result of poverty, conflicts, or the degradation of the environment. Therefore, it follows that energy consumption is concentrated in cities. In countries such as Burkina Faso or Zambia, a large proportion of urban dwellers still rely on biomass to meet their culinary needs, as well as heating and other tasks. Urbanization occurred in an anarchic manner, and the forests that used to encircle cities are fast disappearing, leaving in their wake pollution. In addition, the supply sources of biomass are farther than ever. Nowadays, the supply of wood energy for Dakar, the capital of Senegal, extends over an area covering 500 kilometres, rather than the 100 kilometres it required thirty years ago. Wood energy in cities is considered to be the major cause of deforestation. Health problems such as asthma are caused by the smoke emanating from the fires used to cook meals. A few solutions are beginning to emerge, linked to the presence of youth and women in the cities, as well as sufficient manpower to implement the solutions. 9 refs., 3 figs.

  3. Le craton ouest-africain et le bouclier guyanais: un seul craton au Protérozoïque inférieur?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caen-Vachette, Michelle

    Geochronological and paleomagnetism data for southern West African craton and Guyana shield in South America, are concordant and suggest the existence of a large unit grouping them during Archean and Lower Proterozoic times. The paleomagnetism data allow to put on a single line, the Zednes (Mauritania), Sassandra (Ivory Coast) and Guri (Venezuela) fault zones, the mylonites of which were dated 1670 Ma. This age reflects the end of the eburnean-transamazonian shearing tectonic, which affected the large West Africa-Guyana unit. This line separates the western Archean domain from the eastern lower Proterozoic one; thence it is possible to correlate the Sasca (Ivory Coast) and Pastora (Venezuela) areas. Archean relics have been found in mobile pan-african-bresiliano zones which surround the Precambrian cratons; this fact suggests the existence of still more extended Archean craton than defined above.

  4. Références bibliographiques de congrès concernant les indépendances des pays africains, publiés entre 1960 et 2010.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernadette Joseph

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available 1963Décolonisation et régimes politiques en Afrique noire.Actes du colloque organisé par le Centre d'études des relations internationales de Paris et le Centre d'études d'Afrique noire de l'université de Bordeaux, 30 novembre-1er décembre 1963, sur le thème «  Les régimes des nouveaux Etats et leurs relations extérieures. Sous la direction d'Albert Mabileau et Jean Meyriat.- Paris : Colin, 1967.- 276 p.1977The transfer of power in Africa : decolonization, 1940-1960.D'après le congrès tenu à B...

  5. Les langues maternelles africaines et / ou ivoiriennes ont-elles des limites pédagogiques ou d’apprentissage – enseignement ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konan Thomas KOFFI

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The extensive research on the Ivorian languages have focused on aspects such as grammar, phonology, prosody, the enunciation, etc. The concern for the development of terminology likely to translate science (mathematics, physics, natural sciences, arts, technologies for the development of academic books was not the order of the day. Today the evolution of human society requires. The culture and identity of African countries must be promoted through an education system that has language support for the Ivorian languages and / or Africa. the development of a conceptual apparatus in this dynamic of nationalization of education is at the heart of the African development process.

  6. Le plateau Cyrénien : promontoire africain sur la marge Ionienne The Cyrenian Plateau: African Promontory on the Ionian Margin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Groupe Escarmed

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Le Comité d'Études Pétrolières Marines (CEPM et le Centre National pour l'Exploration des Océans (CNEXO ont mené une série d'études sous-marines des escarpements Ioniens pour en définir l'origine, l'âge et l'évolution. Les résultats présentés ici concernent le plateau Cyrénien, au sud du bassin Ionien profond. Ils comprennent : les données bathymétriques sous forme d'une carte à 1/100 000e hors texte, l'analyse morphologique des reliefs, les déterminations stratigraphiques effectuées sur les échantillons récoltés en dragages ou en plongées, la description sommaire des cinq plongées réalisées sur les escarpements. Les conclusions font ressortir : - l'existence de séries carbonatées de plate-forme d'âge Crétacé inférieur, affectées d'une subsidence rapide; - un changement paléogéographique majeur, post-Albien, qui correspondrait sans doute à la première individualisation du plateau sous-marin; - la distinction d'une série litée, probablement lithologiquement diversifiée, d'âge Crétacé supérieur; - la distinction d'une série supérieure massive, non datée, probablement entièrement carbonatée; - une évolution récente marquée par la formation de figures de dissolution sur les parois rocheuses, la diagenèse d'encroûtements carbonatés sur les pentes envasées. The Comité d'Études Pétrolières Marines (CEPM and the Centre National pour l'Exploitation des Océans (CNEXO have conducted a series of subsea surveys of the Ionian escarpments to determine their origin, age and evolution. The results presented here concern the Cyrenian Shelf, south of the deep Ionian basin. They include the bathymetric data in the form of a map at 1:100,000 (inset, the morphological analysis of the reliefs, the stratigraphic determinations carried out on samples taken by dredging and diving, and the brief description of the five dives carried out on the escarpments. The conclusions reveal the following:(a the existence of Early Cretaceous platform carbonate series, affected by a rapid subsidence;(b a major paleogeographic change, post-Albian, which probably corresponds to the first individualization of the submarine plateau;(c the distinction of a bedded series, probably lithologically diversified, of Late Cretaceous age;(d the distinction of a massive upper series, not dated, and probably entirely carbonate; (e a recent evolution marked by the formation of dissolution forms on the rock walls and the diagenesis of carbonate crusts on the mud covered slopes.

  7. Juifs, chrétiens et musulmans après l'expulsion d'Espagne : le cas Nord-Africain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Abitol

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Le 9 février 1616, on assista á la Haye á un spectacle peu commun, celui d'un convoi fúnebre juif, conduit en grande pompe par le Prince Maurice de Nassau, entouré de membres éminents de son Conseil d'Etat et des Etats-Généraux. Le notable honoré de la serte n'était pourtant ni une grande sommité intellectuelle ni méme un personnage natif de Hollando. C'était tout juste un juif du Maroc, nommé Samuel Pallache qui, entre autres activités ténébreuses, faisait fonction d'agent du Rol du Maroc, Mawlay Zidan, aux Pays-Bas.

  8. Etude de la fécondité du silure Africain Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1840 en conditions d'élevage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alla, YL.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Artificial Reproduction and Fecundity of the African Catfish Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffroy Saint- Hilaire, 1840. Through the artificial reproduction of Heterobranchus bidorsalis, fecundity of females, characteristics of oocytes and larvae after hatching were determined. Mean absolute and relative fecundity were respectively 140,440 ± 82,168 oocytes and 47.30 ± 17.94 oocytes per g of body weight. Hormonal injection to females increased weight and diameter of oocytes. Fertilization and hatching rates were significantly correlated (r= 0.93 but were relatively weak. The mean value of larval length, weight and their yolk sac diameter were respectively 4.37 ± 0.20 mm; 1.42 ± 0.13 mg and 1.95 ± 0.14 mm.

  9. DESCRIPTION OF GASTRIC ULCERS AND OF THEIR SUSPECTED, ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS IN DECEASED WILD EQUIDS AT THE RÉSERVE AFRICAINE DE SIGEAN, FRANCE (2010-2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamglait, Benjamin; Vandenbunder-Beltrame, Marielle; Trunet, Elodie; Lemberger, Karin

    2017-09-01

    Gastric ulcers are common in domestic horses and foals, affecting at least 90% of unmedicated racehorses in active training. Despite these high prevalences in domestic horses, literature about this condition in wild equids is almost nonexistent. The presence of gastric ulcers was evaluated at necropsy in six species of wild equids that died at the Réserve Africane de Sigean, a safari park in the south of France from 2010 to 2016. Among the 55 individuals that died during that period, a description of the gastric mucosa was available in 82% (45/55) of cases. Considering the cases for which a description of the gastric mucosa was available, the prevalence of gastric ulcers was 64% (29/45). The highest prevalences were noted in Grant's zebra (Equus quagga boehmi) and Hartmann's mountain zebra (Equus zebra hartmannae) at 83% and 100%, respectively. In contrast to what is reported in domestic foals, gastric ulcerations were only diagnosed in one foal (out of 11 foals necropsied). The higher prevalence was noted in young individuals (3-36 mo old) at 93% (14/15); the lesions observed consisted mainly of single to multiple, superficial lesions, of which, only the mucosa was missing; these superficial lesions are often considered not clinically significant. The prevalence was lower for adults (74%; 14/19), but lesions were deeper or with a hyperemic or inflammatory appearance. All the lesions observed were located in the gastric, nonglandular, stratified squamous mucosa, along the margo plicatus. No statistical correlation could be found between the development of gastric ulcers and an ongoing, chronic pathologic process or a digestive tract pathology. The detection of gastric ulcers was, therefore, significantly greater in wild equids isolated in smaller enclosures. Nevertheless, additional larger-scale research is needed to point out predisposing factors in equids under human care.

  10. Higher safety on the job as a result of object formation and behaviour control. Psychological aspects of industrial safety in everyday situations. Mehr Sicherheit im Betrieb durch Objektgestaltung und Verhaltenssteuerung. Zur Psychologie der Arbeitssicherheit im betrieblichen Alltag

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroeder, O.E.

    1986-01-01

    The study outlines the development of the systems 'man/environment' and 'man/technology' and the human patterns of action. The findings on human patterns of action are then applied to the working environment, especially to objects and behaviour. Standards and habits are named as basic elements of safety at work. Particular interest is taken in the criteria required for the formation of patterns of behaviour, learning processes for acquiring 'safe' habits, and the application of the latter in the field of industrial health. The role of groups as carriers and formers of habits is stressed, and improvisation at work is briefly mentioned. (HSCH).

  11. Le besoin de réassurance : de la psychologie au comportement du consommateur Une investigation théorique appliquée au cas de la consommation alimentaire moderne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wejdene Yanhui

    2015-03-01

    Ce travail, dont l’intérêt est essentiellement théorique, s’inscrit parmi les travaux rares introduisant le besoin de réassurance dans l’étude du comportement du consommateur. Des travaux futurs peuvent se baser sur cette conceptualisation pour identifier les déterminants de ce besoin.

  12. Contribution de la Psychologie a l'Enseignement des Langues Etrangeres et a l'Introduction de la Television en Classe de Langue (Contribution of Psychology to Foreign Language Instruction and to the Introduction of Television in the Language Class).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelkamp, Johannes

    1980-01-01

    Analyzes the psychological factors relevant to the acquisition of a second language and the behavior theories that have had the most dramatic impact on teaching methodology. Advocates a broader use of television in language instruction as a means of clarifying meanings through a visual context tailored to certain pedagogical requirements. (MES)

  13. Les contributions de la psychologie cognitive a l'enseignement strategique des langues secondes au niveau universitaire (The Contributions of Cognitive Psychology to Strategic Second Language Instruction at the University Level).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besnard, Christine

    1995-01-01

    Contributions of the field of cognitive psychology to second language instruction are reviewed. It is proposed that these concepts can contribute not only to classroom language instruction, but also to methodology of language teacher education. (MSE)

  14. Christoph Landerer, Výuka logiky a psychologie na rakouských gymnáziích: Zimmermann, Lindner a jejich následný vliv - překlad

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bakešová, Alena

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 57, č. 4 (2009), s. 555-575 ISSN 0015-1831 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : philosophical propaedeutics * Austrian schooling system * Herbartianism * "crisis of the self" Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  15. Behaviorism in 1942: A Précis of Tilquin's Le Behaviorisme: Origine et Développement de la Psychologie De Réaction en Amérique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonneau, François

    2006-01-01

    Book-length treatments of behaviorism from a philosophical and historical perspective are few in number. Tilquin's (1942) is one of these, but its publication in French during World War II and the limited number of available copies make for difficult access. In this paper, I summarize the contents of the book for a general audience of behavior analysts. Tilquin's work is a useful tour of the behaviorism of its time, and most of the topics discussed in it remain relevant to behavior analysis.

  16. The public organization of feelings and the nuclear threat. On the political psychology of war and peace. Oeffentliche Gefuehlsorganisation und nukleare Bedrohung. Zur politischen Psychologie von Krieg und Frieden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koenig, H.

    1987-07-01

    Lasting control of the new world-threatening potential for destruction is only possible if the passionate, instinctive nature of man is reflected on the social and individual level. The instincts and instinctive desires which are suppressed in every human social process emerge in (mostly subconscious) fantasies of total power, which the state makes use of: it does not prevent the injustice fed by instinctive desires but monopolizes it. (orig.).

  17. Interpersonal Skills Summary Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    1987). Clinical validity and applied research: The case of a program for preventing marital problems. Revue Québécoise de Psychologie , 8(3), 49-63... Psychologie , 26(14- 16), 847-852. 0 1 Elizur, D. (1987). Effect of feedback on verbal and non- verbal courtesy in a bank setting. Applied Psychology...using behavior modification in group therapy). Zeitschrift für Psychologie mit Zeitschrift für angewandte Psychologie , 192(3), 319-337. 0 0

  18. Analytisch-psychologische conceptualisatie van het symbolische bij C.G. Jung : Onderzoek van het statuut daarvan in een bekend Westers esoterisch genootschap: de Vrijmetselarij

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.M.J. Journee

    1999-01-01

    textabstractDe Analytische Psychologie en de Vrijmetselarij zijn twee relatief onbekende fenomenen. Dit proefschrift onderzoekt of de symbolen, riten en mythen van de Vrijmetselarij verklaard kunnen worden vanuit de Analytische Psychologie van Carl Gustav Jung. "Symbolen, riten en mythen noemen we

  19. The Pragmatics of Critiquing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-02-01

    philosophie (logique et argumentation), de la linguistique, de la psychologie et de la sociologie , ce document propose une étude de la critique...linguistique, de la psychologie et de la sociologie . Elle présente une revue exhaustive de l’analyse de l’argument et de l’argumentation qui nous

  20. Evaluating a Novel Eye Tracking Tool to Detect Invalid Responding in Neurocognitive Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-07

    traumatigue [the psychological exam in cases of traumatic encephalopathy]. Archives de Psychologie 28:286-340 214. Rey A. 1964. L’examen clinique en... psychologie [the clinical exam in psychology]. Paris, France: Press Universitaire de France 215. Reynolds CR, Horton AM. 2012. Detection of malingering

  1. Indicators, Predictors, and Determinants of Conflict Escalation and De-escalation. A Review of the Psychological Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-01

    des outils habituels de la psychologie parce que ces gens ne sont pratiquement jamais disponibles pour les chercheurs. Pour compenser, des méthodes...Ballard, E. J. (1983). Canadian prime ministers: Complexity in political crises. Canadian Psychology/ Psychologie Canadienne, 24, 125-129. Beasley

  2. Report of working committee 10 ''gas and developing / transitional economy countries''; Rapport du comite de travail 10 ''pays gaziers en voie de developpement et en transition economique''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hached, A.

    2000-07-01

    This report deals with the works undertaken by working committee 10 during the 1997 - 2000 Triennium. The objective set by the IGU consisted in studying the generic thema in gas markets development for the less developed countries, in the developing countries with intermediate revenue as well as in the transitional economy countries. The first study group devoted his works to the problematic analysis of natural gas in the less developed countries, those where the GNP per capita is very low and the internal markets of which are little or non dynamic. This analysis has been developed in a certain number of countries rather representative of their respective region: Angola, Cameroon and Cote d'Ivoire for sub-Saharian Africa, Bangladesh and Vietnam for Asia. The second study group analysed the changes in transitional economy countries (Baltic, countries in Central Europe and Ukraine) and their different consequences on gas industry. These countries apply gas industry reforms which are not implemented at the same rate more especially as they belong to a huge and very contrasted geographic region. The third study group devoted his works to the analysis of intensified conditions in the use of natural gas in the developing countries with intermediate revenue. He also examined the feasibility of an economic development in gas distribution networks in large cities. Two important issues focused his attention: financing and technology transfer. (author)

  3. Energy and economic analysis. The feelings and treacheries of an old couple; L'energie et l'analyse economique: emotions et trahisons d'un vieux couple

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, J.P. [Electrabel, 75 - Paris (France); Groupe Suez (France)

    2006-07-15

    Around the mid eighties, both for technological and ideological reasons, electricity production and sale activities exited the scope of natural monopoly, with its array of standard regulations methods. Simultaneously, a new form of control, close to competitive law, settled in. Based on the basic characteristics of that highly specific network industry, i.e. electricity, the author assesses the relevance of a few new control methods applied in most European countries. He invites Europe to wonder about the issue of Market Design so as to allow the reorganized system to work, i.e. manage network congestion, unjustified price variations, while preventing shortages. He finishes with a consideration on the issue of operators' market power and on the specificity of that issue when it comes to electricity. (author)

  4. Bio-surfactants production from low cost substrate and degradation of diesel oil by a Rhodococcus strain; Production de biosurfactants sur un substrat economique et degradation du gasoil par une souche du genre Rhodococcus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sadouk, Z.; Tazerouti, A. [Universite des Sciences et de la Technologie H. Boumediene (USTHB), Lab. de Synthese Organique, Faculte de Chimie, Algiers (Algeria); Sadouk, Z.; Hacene, H. [Universite des Sciences et de la Technologie H. Boumediene (USTHB), Lab. de Microbiologie, Faculte des Sciences Biologiques, Algiers (Algeria)

    2008-07-01

    The ability of a Rhodococcus strain to produce surface-active agents from residual sunflower frying oil (RSFO) has been screened in batch cultures. During cultivation with RSFO at the concentration 3% (vol/vol), the strain has synthesized extra-cellular compounds which increase the E{sub 24} emulsion index of the culture medium up to 63%. In their crude form, these substances lower the surface tension of water until 31.9 mN m{sup -1}. The exponential growth with RSFO as the sole carbon source has developed at a specific growth rate {mu} = 0.55 d{sup -1}. The critical micelle concentration of the crude product reached the value 287 mg L{sup -1} ({gamma}CMC = 31.9 mN m{sup -1}). After methyl-esterification, the lipid fraction of bio-surfactants has been analyzed by GC-MS in EI, which reveals the presence of fatty acid methyl esters. The microorganism was also cultivated with the diesel oil as the sole carbon source at the concentration 1% (vol/vol): the active growth phase has developed at rate = 0.02 d{sup -1}, without production of emulsifying substance: the microorganism seems to develop different modes of substrate uptake, according to the nature of the carbon source. The potential use of surface-active agents synthesized on RSFO by Rhodococcus erythropolis 16 LM.USTHB is in the oil industry with minimum purity specification, so that crude preparation could be used, at low cost, in clean-up of hydrocarbons contaminated sites and for enhanced oil recovery. (authors)

  5. Economic assessment group on power transmission and distribution networks tariffs; Groupe d'expertise economique sur la tarification des reseaux de transport et de distribution de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-06-01

    Facing the new law on the electric power market liberalization, the french government created an experts group to analyze solutions and assessment methods of the electrical networks costs and tariffs and to control their efficiency. This report presents the analysis and the conclusions of the group. It concerns the three main subjects: the regulation context, the tariffing of the electric power transmission and distribution (the cost and efficiency of the various options) and the tariffing of the electric power supply to the eligible consumers. The authors provide a guideline for a tariffing policy. (A.L.B.)

  6. Economical instruments for the battle against the greenhouse effect; Les instruments de politique de lutte contre l'effet de serre: efficacite environnementale et economique, effets sur la competitivite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Armand, R. [Entreprises pour l' Environnement (France)

    2005-12-15

    Green house effect prevention may be carried out by the usual economical instruments, given that it is independent of time and geography. Taxes and exchangeable emission permits are able to find out the best solutions to limit the CO{sub 2} emissions for a given value. However, their impact on the productivity may vary widely: taxes increase the production costs, as well as the permits should they require to be bought. This aspect is so important for industries competing internationally, such as aluminium, steel, cement, etc., that the European Union set up a market of 'emission quota' starting on January 1, 2005. The paper describes the difficulties that arose to enforce this European directive and the solutions that have been considered. Other problems will probably occur, and they will have to be solved pragmatically. Green house effect prevention necessitates lucidity, modesty and flexibility. (author)

  7. Economical and geopolitical aspects bond to the foreseen development of the natural gas in an open market; Aspects economiques et geopolitiques lies au developpement prevu du gaz naturel dans un marche ouvert

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-12-15

    For the first time in 2000, the part of natural gas is equal to those of coal in the world energy accounting. The economy and the geo-policy of this developing energy is analyzed, showing an economy dominated by the transport costs, the specificity of the european sector and the opening market since 1980. The european market opening incertitudes and opportunities are detailed. In conclusion the Gaz De France role in the european energy pole and the new regulations are discussed. (A.L.B.)

  8. Exergonic-economic analysis of the 'Sotacib' cement baking unit; Analyse exergeco-economique de l'atelier de cuisson de la cimenterie 'Sotacib'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gharsalli, A.; Barkati, M. [Sotacib, Feriana (Tunisia); Hajji, N.; Gaabab, A.; Jeday, M.R. [Ecole Nationale d' ingenieurs de Gabes (Tunisia)

    1999-07-01

    The main purpose of this work is the development of a computing tool for the exergetic analysis of a cement baking unit belonging to the 'Societe Tuniso-Algerienne de Ciment Blanc (SOTACIB)'. We chose to study this unit in particular because it accounts for about 30 to 60 % of the total cement production costs. The developed program, called 'CIMEX', its capable of computing mass and energy balances and estimating the exergetic losses and efficiencies associated with the main operations of the studied unit. The results of the exergetic analysis were used to study the economic impact of recovering some of the energetic reserves in order to improve the efficiency of the baking unit which will make the subject of another article. (authors)

  9. Exergy-economic analysis of the baking workshop of the 'Sotacib' cement plant; Analyse exergeco-economique de l'atelier de cuisson de la cimenterie ''SOTACIB''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gharsalli, A.; Hajji, N.; Gaabab, A.; Jeday, M.R. [ENIG, Gabes (Tunisia); Barkati, M. [SOTACIB, (Tunisia)

    2001-07-01

    The aim of this work is the elaboration of a calculation tool for the exergy analysis of a baking workshop belonging to the Tunisian-Algerian company of white cement (Sotacib). This workshop represents 30 to 60% of the cement production costs. The tool aims at calculating the exchanges of mass and energy and at evaluating the exergy losses and efficiencies of the main operations of transformation. (J.S.)

  10. Information report from the Economic Affairs commission on photovoltaic energy; Rapport d'information depose en application de l'article 145 du reglement par la commission des affaires economiques sur l'energie photovoltaique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    Today and for several years to come, photovoltaic energy represents only a minimal part of the world's electric power production. Photovoltaic energy is only at its beginnings, however several countries have already taken opportunities in the business. This report gives a comprehensive information about photovoltaic energy (basic principles, conversion systems, photovoltaic power plants, incentive programs in other developed countries, regulations ...) and arguments for the development of a structured photovoltaic energy policy in France.

  11. Energy policy conference on the technical-economical stakes of hydrogen as future energy vector; Conference de politique energetique sur les enjeux technico-economiques de l'hydrogene comme vecteur energetique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-01-01

    This document is the report of the conference meeting jointly organized by the French general plan commission and the general direction of energy and raw materials on the technical-economical stakes of hydrogen as future energy source, and in particular of hydrogen fuel-cells for cogeneration and vehicle applications: 1 - presentation of the general context: status of the hydrogen industry, French R and D and industrial actors, international status; 2 - competition or association with fossil fuels: which opportunities for hydrogen, recall of the 2020 and 2050 energy prospects, impact of hydrogen on climate change, energy efficiency reference of vehicles, CO{sub 2} emissions 'from the well to the wheel' for the different energy sources, perspectives of hydrogen fuels; 3 - main results of the study carried out by the CEREN on the prospects of stationary fuel cells in France: description of the study, concrete case of a 500 beds hospital, economic and environmental conclusions. The transparencies corresponding to the 3 points above are attached to the report. (J.S.)

  12. Guidebook for territories' support in the analysis of their socio-economical vulnerability to climate change; Guide d'accompagnement des territoires pour l'analyse de leur vulnerabilite socio-economique au changement climatique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    The work of the inter-ministerial group 'Impacts of Climate Change, Adaptation and Associated Costs for France', which met between March 2007 and October 2009, led to a sector-based assessment of all climate change related impacts and of associated adaptation measures. The aim was to obtain quantified elements that could underpin public policy decision-making and especially development of the National Adaptation Plan. While the sectoral analyses focused on quantifying the costs of adaptation, the approach of the 'Territories' group, co-steered by the Datar (regional development delegation) and Ademe (agency for energy management and environment), addressed the subject of interactions between players and activities, both spatial (sharing of resources between different uses, etc.) and temporal (transition from one situation to another, etc.) and the corresponding means for adjustment. It was in this context that the SOeS proposed a methodology for diagnosis of the socio-economic vulnerability of a given sub-national territory in the face of climate change. This document provides a broad-brush outline of the accompanying guidelines developed by Sogreah Consultants SAS for use by local players. A three step approach is followed to draw up the vulnerability profile of a territory: 1 - characterising the territory by the identification of the priority activities and physical features; 2 - using the analysis tools to produce a matrix of indices of vulnerability to climate change per hazard; 3 - drawing up an initial vulnerability profile by bringing together the information from the matrix and that from feedback, either by activity or group of activities, or by environment, depending on aims. The profile leads to identification of the important issues as well as allowing identification of potential impacts to be studied in more depth. Guidelines were tested in three pilot territories facing different climate change issues: Wateringues, in the Nord - Pas-de-Calais region; GPD cites maritimes in the Languedoc-Roussillon region; and Scot ouest in the Alpes-Maritimes region. The purpose of this test phase was to provide a real-world example of implementation of an analysis and mobilization process. It provided a practical illustration of an approach to using the guide as a support for vulnerability analysis as well as allowing identification of users' questions about application of the guidelines. Throughout implementation of the approach proposed by the guidelines, attention must be paid to several methodological points, especially the following: - as for all of the inter-ministerial group's work, scenario known as 'constant economy' is assumed; - the socio-economic importance given to activities in a given territory does not necessarily reflect the ranking that local players would give; - the vulnerability considered here does not include environmental issues such as biodiversity; - the vulnerability indices proposed are general in nature: demographics, sectoral interactions, etc.; numerous factors can alter the matrix locally and collection of local data should, therefore, help to construct a 'territorialised' matrix for potential impacts and corresponding vulnerability

  13. On tariffs of the transport and electricity distribution network. Stage report of the economic analysis group; Groupe d'expertise economique sur la tarification des reseaux de transport et de distribution de l'electricite. Rapport d'etape

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-08-17

    This report contains an Introduction, seven Sections, Conclusions and Summary of Recommendations, a Glossary and three Appendices. In the Introduction the work of the group is presented, the question of the access to the network is outlined and the approach adopted by the group is explained. The Section 1 is titled 'The electricity market and the questions raised by the access to network. The following issues are exposed: - Institutional and regulation context; - Transposition of the directive 96/92/CE within member states; - The effects of offer expected by France; - Expected effects for electricity consumers; - Abroad experience in organizing the access; - The role of the Electricity Regulation Commission and the objectives of tariffing and rules of access to transport network. The second section presents the characteristics of the Management of Distribution Network (GRT) and identification of the costs. The following items are treated: - Definition and description of the transport network; - Network development; - European interconnections; - Technical constraint; - Organization of GRT; - Calculation of transport; - Remuneration of capital; - Distribution, the transport's end-of-the-road; - Costs to recover: definition, problems of measurement and verification; - Transitory tariffs. The third section is titled 'Introduction to an economic approach' and it presents the nodal tariffing and an outlook of practical solutions. The forth section tackles with the main options in tariffing. Six issues are exposed: - The main choices to do; - Choosing between postal stamp and distant tariffing; - Sharing between producer and consumers; - Economic relevance of the postal stamp type formulas; - Sharing between energy and power; - A proposal of tariff structure. The Section 5 is devoted to tariffs for international transports. The following issues are exposed: - Specific questions posed by transfrontier contracts; - European Union frame; - Connection with the tariffs of domestic contracts; - Proposals for tariffing the international transports. The sixth section presents the efficiency of the short and medium term access. The following issues are tackled: - Regulation of access and transmission; - Short term treating of the bottlenecks; - De-congestion investments; - Tariffs for lead-in and reinforcement operations; - the case of proximity production, direct lines and self-production. Finally, the last section titled 'Inciting the GRT internal efficiency and tariffing evolution, displays the subject matters: - The GRT behaviour guide; - Evolution of tariffing; - Benchmarking possibilities. In the concluding section the basic ideas of the report i.e., improving the market functioning, developing the network management and inciting the grow in the internal efficiency of GRT are elaborated and entailing recommendations are set down.

  14. Economic-technical effects of electric power quality obligation on the commitments related to the Emeraude contract; Impacts technico-economiques de l`obligation de qualite du courant sur les engagements lies au ``contrat Emeraude``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Irani, J. [Centre Technique des Industries Mecaniques (CETIM), (France)

    1996-12-31

    Quality of electric current is guaranteed to its high-voltage clients by the Electricite de France`s Emeraude contract; the main problem is due to the fact that an industrial client does not know the nature of perturbations that its plant generates nor that they may propagate on the EDF distribution system. In that case, these clients will likely be obliged to contribute to EDF`s investments for improving the line quality

  15. Economic assessment group on power transmission and distribution networks tariffs; Groupe d'expertise economique sur la tarification des reseaux de transport et de distribution de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-06-01

    Facing the new law on the electric power market liberalization, the french government created an experts group to analyze solutions and assessment methods of the electrical networks costs and tariffs and to control their efficiency. This report presents the analysis and the conclusions of the group. It concerns the three main subjects: the regulation context, the tariffing of the electric power transmission and distribution (the cost and efficiency of the various options) and the tariffing of the electric power supply to the eligible consumers. The authors provide a guideline for a tariffing policy. (A.L.B.)

  16. Report on behalf of the Economic Affairs and Plan Commission on the law project relative to the energy markets; Rapport au nom de la commission des affaires economiques et du plan sur le projet de loi relatif aux marches energetiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-10-01

    In the framework of the directive no. 98/30 concerning the common rules for the natural gas internal market, the Senate debates on the law project relative to the energy markets no. 406, adopted by the Minister Council the 25 september 2002. This project transposes the directive content in french law. This document presents the amendments allowing the directive transposition. (A.L.B.)

  17. Implementing of multilateral environmental agreements: which economic instruments for the countries of the PSZ?; Mise en oeuvre des accords multilateraux sur l'environnement: quels instruments economiques pour les pays de la zsp?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Several multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) have been concluded since the Rio Earth Summit in 1992. Some of them have created economic instruments designed to arrest the rapid degradation of the planet environment. Until now and for a variety of reasons, the countries in the Priority Solidarity Zone (PSZ) have not been able to stand as very active partners in negotiating these instruments. This study seeks to respond to the question of whether the PSZ countries are in a position to derive benefit from these new instruments and what the potential impact of these instruments will be on their medium and long-term development. This question often has to be put in more basic terms: ''do the conditions required to apply these instruments exist in the PSZ countries?''.

  18. Integration of non linearities in the economic refining model. Case of the hydro-desulfurization unit; Prise en compte de non-linearites dans la modelisation economique du raffinage. Cas de l`unite d`hydrodesulfuration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baudouin, C.

    1998-12-08

    In recent years, the modifications in oil products demand and the increased quality requirements of European specifications have driven the oil industry towards more and more complex refining schemes. This situation should become even more pronounced in the future. Under these conditions, a technical analysis of the units operation must be carried out and combined with an economic approach. The research undertaken is divided into two parts. The first part is dedicated to the study of the European refining industry and its representation by the classic linear programming model. In these models, the units` operation is represented by typical running. The technical parameters are not explicitly taken into account. Therefore, in order to meet future requirements and to represent this activity in the best way, the current model must be improved. The second part relates to an analysis with forecasts future developments in the European refining sector up to 2010 and how linear programming models themselves will be adapted. Thus, the straight run gas oil hydro-desulfurization unit is completely redefined. The operating conditions and the design parameters of this unit are introduced into the model. Depending on the feed, they determine the performances and the material balance of the unit. Some of these operating conditions are new variables and appear in non linear equations. Therefore, we need non linear programming (the augmented Lagrangians method) to solve this detailed model. The results of the second part confirm those determined by the first part. They also provide us with a better representation of the hydro-desulfurization unit (taking the optimisation of the operating conditions into account). Using these models and the analysis described above, we can develop an outline plan of the future European refining industry. This shows that sizeable investments in both conventional and deep conversion capacity will be required to meet the requirements of changes in demand and more restrictive specification. (author) 27 refs.

  19. Commission of the Economic Affairs, the Environment and the Territory. Report no. 18; Commission des Affaires Economiques, de l'Environnement et du Territoire. Compte rendu no. 18

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ollier, P.; Gonnot, F.M

    2002-12-01

    In the framework of the ''article 88'' application,concerning the law project no. 306, the commission adjudged decisions on the following topics:the natural gas network access, the natural gas sector regulation and transparency, the gas utilities, the natural gas distribution and transport, the underground storage, the electric utilities. (A.L.B.)

  20. AREVA Technical Days (ATD) session 3: operations of the reactors and services division, technical and economic aspects; AREVA Technical Days (ATD) session 3: les activites du pole reacteurs et services, aspects techniques et economiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    These technical days organized by the Areva Group aims to explain the group activities in a technological and economic point of view, to provide an outlook of worldwide energy trends and challenges and to present each of their businesses in a synthetic manner. This third session deals with the reactors technologies basics, the EPR and SWR 1000 issues and outlook, the nuclear systems of the future, the business opportunities and business models. (A.L.B.)

  1. The economical impact and the environmental efficiency of the ISO 14001/EMAS certification of industrial companies; L'impact economique et l'efficacite environnementale de la certification ISO 14001/EMAS des entreprises industrielles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Backer, P. de

    1999-07-01

    The 1836/93 EMAS is the European regulation on environmental management and auditing scheme. Its aim is to answer the precise requirements of a standard for the management of the environmental impacts of industrial activities. The ISO 14001 standard defines the requirements of an environmental management policy at the international scale. The aim of this study is to make a statement of the enforcement of the ISO 14001 and EMAS environmental management systems in France in terms of results and with respect to the help provided by public authorities. The following aspects are analyzed successively: the aim of the study (context, global goal, hypotheses, cost-benefit analysis, qualitative appraisal); the methodological aspects (selection of sites, sectoral distribution, geographical, legal and financial aspects, data collection, analysis and synthesis); the motivation of companies (sectoral analysis, business aspects, reduction of operation costs, personnel motivation); the objectives of the environmental management system (conformability analysis, environmental goals, effluents, soil pollution, energy and water conservation, wastes, consumption of raw materials, noise and other pollutants); economical aspects (cost, personnel training, audits, benefits, minimization of environmental impacts, reduction of energy, water and materials consumption); cost-benefit evaluation; environmental efficiency of the environmental management system; attitude of other companies; comparison with other European countries; synthesis and proposals. (J.S.)

  2. Economics and the refinery's CO{sub 2} emissions allocation problem; Allocation des emissions de CO{sub 2} d'une raffinerie: solutions suggerees par la theorie economique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pierru, A. [Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), IFP School, 92 - Rueil-Malmaison (France)

    2007-07-01

    The establishment of a market for CO{sub 2} emission rights in Europe leads oil-refining companies to add a cost associated with carbon emissions to the objective function of linear programming models used to manage refineries. These models may be used to compute the marginal contribution of each finished product to the CO{sub 2} emissions of the refinery. Babusiaux (Oil. Gas Sci. Technol., 58, 2003, 685-692) has shown that, under some conditions, this marginal contribution is a relevant means of allocating the carbon emissions of the refinery. Thus, it can be used in a well-to-wheel Life Cycle Assessment. In fact, this result holds if the demand equations are the only binding constraints with a non-zero right-hand side coefficient. This is not the case for short-run models with fixed capacity. Then, allocating CO{sub 2} emissions on a marginal basis tends to over-value (or undervalue) the total volume of emissions. In order to extend the existing methodology, we discuss two distinct solutions to this problem, inspired by economic theory: adapting either the Aumann-Shapley cost sharing method (Values of non-atomic games, 1974, Princeton University Press) or the Ramsey pricing formula (Econ. J., 37, 1927, 47-61; J. Econ. Theory, 3, 1971, 219-240). We compare these two solutions, with a strong argument in favour of Ramsey prices, based on the determination of the optimal environmental tax rate to which imported finished products should be subject. (author)

  3. The economic analysis of power market architectures: application to real-time market design; L' analyse economique des architectures de marche electrique: application au market design du temps reel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saguan, M

    2007-04-15

    This work contributes to the economic analysis of power market architectures. A modular framework is used to separate problems of market design in different modules. The work's goal is to study real-time market design. A two-stage market equilibrium model is used to analyse the two main real-time designs: the 'market' and the 'mechanism' (with penalty). Numerical simulations show that design applied in real-time is not neutral vis-a-vis of energy markets sequence and the competition dynamic. Designs using penalty (mechanisms) cause distortions, inefficiencies and can create barriers to entry. The size of distortions is given by the temporal position of the gate that closure the forward markets. This model has also allowed us to show the key role of real-time integration between zones and the importance of good harmonization between real-time designs of each zone. (author)

  4. Analysis: climate policy in the United States: what economic instrument for a carbon price signal?; Politique climatique des Etats-Unis: quel instrument economique pour un signal-prix carbone?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-03-15

    At the time of his election as President of the United States, Barack Obama declared that 'We will make it clear to the world that America is ready to lead to protect our environment'. The 2050 objective of cutting CO{sub 2} emissions by 80% compared to the 1990 level, as affirmed in the election campaign, will involve directing the market in accordance with a carbon price signal that includes the true cost of greenhouse gas emissions so as to establish a policy that is both effective and credible, i.e. likely to lead developing countries into the global effort. An emission allowance market, rather than a carbon tax, should therefore come into being. However, those who advocate the tax - more numerous in academic circles than among political decision-makers - are sharpening up their arguments. In particular, they identify the measures to be taken if we wish to attain an environmental objective and curb social inequalities. Similar arguments could serve as the basis for an international agreement that would strongly incite emerging countries to reduce their emissions while remaining equitable towards them. (author)

  5. Implementing of multilateral environmental agreements: which economic instruments for the countries of the PSZ?; Mise en oeuvre des accords multilateraux sur l'environnement: quels instruments economiques pour les pays de la zsp?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Several multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) have been concluded since the Rio Earth Summit in 1992. Some of them have created economic instruments designed to arrest the rapid degradation of the planet environment. Until now and for a variety of reasons, the countries in the Priority Solidarity Zone (PSZ) have not been able to stand as very active partners in negotiating these instruments. This study seeks to respond to the question of whether the PSZ countries are in a position to derive benefit from these new instruments and what the potential impact of these instruments will be on their medium and long-term development. This question often has to be put in more basic terms: ''do the conditions required to apply these instruments exist in the PSZ countries?''.

  6. Spatialization of the impacts of the economic regulation of the greenhouse in the agricultural sector; Spatialisation des impacts de la regulation economique de l'effet de serre d'origine agricole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jayet, P.A

    2004-02-15

    This report addresses the issue of the spatialization of the impacts of greenhouse gas mitigation policies in the agricultural sector. Generally speaking, the objective is to reach a compromise between large-scale macro-economic modelling approaches - which often overlook the spatial variability of emissions and abatement costs - and field-scale biophysical modelling approaches. The studies carried out in the course of this project rely for the most part on a supply-side oriented economic model of the EU agriculture based on micro-economic concepts, mathematical programming and optimization. The analysis of spatial implications of GHG mitigation polices relies on the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), which allows for spatial integration of the results provided by the economic model. We first carry out a comprehensive assessment of the emission sources of methane and nitrous oxide for the EU agriculture at a regional scale (FADN regions, scale at which data that feed the economic model are available). The abatement supply from the agricultural sector is derived from this assessment by simulating the impact of a first-best instrument (namely an emission tax). We therefore estimate the marginal abatement cost curves for all sources and at the farm-type level. The heterogeneity of abatement costs is discussed both at the regional scale (spatially defined) and at the farm-type level (non spatially-defined). Our results show that the spatial heterogeneity of abatement costs is of crucial importance in the design of GHG mitigation policies. The greater is the heterogeneity of abatement costs, the larger is the efficiency loss associated with non incentive-based instruments. We estimate this efficiency loss in the case of uniform quotas. Down-scaling the economic and environmental results from the FADN-region scale to a finer scale requires the linking of the simulation results with geo-referenced databases and GIS tools. This has been carried out for a test-region by linking land-use data from Corine Land Cover and the typology from the FADN database. Issues related to carbon sequestration have also been addressed at an infra-regional scale, including both spatial and dynamic dimensions. This analysis relies on the use of micro-economic, dynamic land-use model, a geo-referenced database of soils characteristics and a carbon accounting model. We estimate the costs of carbon sequestration when switching from annual crops to pluri-annual energy crops, which allow higher carbon sequestration rates for a longer period of time. (author)

  7. Economical incineration of volatile organic compounds (VOC) using oxide catalysts with optimized superficial properties; Incineration economique de composes organiques volatils (COV) a l'aide des catalyseurs d'oxydes aux proprietes superficielles optimisees

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Evstratov, A. [Ecole Nationale Superieure des Techniques Industrielles et des Mines d' Ales, ENSTIMA, Centre LGEI, 30 - Ales (France)

    2001-07-01

    This study aims at presenting the existing possibilities of improvement of the technological parameters of the incineration processes for VOC-bearing industrial gases. Two different approaches are considered. One is based on the preliminary accumulation of the compounds to be degraded on catalytic surfaces having important acid-base and redox capabilities; the formation of the deposits is followed by the in situ catalytic incineration. The other is based on the application of catalysts with optimized acidities in order to limit the acid-base interactions and to maintain the catalytic surfaces in a stationary state at reduced temperatures. The first approach is applied to reactive VOC (unsaturated and polar compounds), while the other can be useful for the economical treatment of any type of VOC-bearing effluent. (J.S.)

  8. Economic Criteria Applied to Nuclear Materials Management; Criteres Economiques Applicables a la Gestion des Matieres Nucleaires; Ehkonomicheskie kriterii, primenyaemye pri kontrole i uchete yadernykh materialov; Criterios Economicos Aplicados a la Administracion de Materiales Nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shelley, W. J.; Kuehn, M. N. [Mallinckrodt Chemical Works, St. Charles, MS (United States)

    1966-02-15

    The management of nuclear materials must always be subsidiary to the primary purpose of nuclear material processing, i.e. the generation of power or the production and fabrication of end products. Therefore, those responsible for management of nuclear materials must be constantly responsive to the needs of the primary production purpose and fit the required systems to the process so as to secure the needs of nuclear materials management at optimum costs. The nuclear materials management system must concern itself with careful examination of several factors that influence its costs. The control system evolved must complement the process, providing the lowest costs of personnel, analysis and minimum interruption of the operating process. The control system should be integrated with the process needs so that quantitative information derived is available promptly to those responsible for operating supervision. The recording and reporting system should generate maximum subsidiary data. It should be compatible with the systems employed by suppliers and consumers and carry wherever possible additional information connected with the batches of nuclear material. Data generated for the control of nuclear materials should only be that needed to ensure that no significant losses, theft, misappropriation or diversion occurs. Complementary data should be subject to the same rigid test of need as that applied to the nuclear material management data. Procedures, practices, personnel and techniques have been continuously reviewed and revised to ensure the highest quality of nuclear material management performance. To ensure optimum costs balanced with adequate nuclear material control needs, some general rules have been evolved. It is all-important to determine the real needs for the recording and reporting of data. Real economies are attained by the assignment of nuclear materials management, production control and cost responsibilities to a single group. Reliance must then be placed upon such personnel to accept, understand and perform the work. Such personnel selected must be thoroughly and minutely trained in the importance of their activity. Those responsible for the management of nuclear materials must be continually alert to the smallest kind of aberration in the quality and performance of the personnel, the process, the systems, procedures and techniques. Only through such alertness and willingness to revise, so as to secure improvement, does one secure the optimum balance of costs and needs. (author) [French] La gestion des matieres nucleaires doit etre subordonnee aux objectifs principaux du traitement de ces matieres, c'est-a-dire la production d'energie ou la fabrication de produits finis. Les responsables de la gestion des matieres nucleaires doivent donc tenir constamment compte des besoins de la production principale et adapter les methodes de gestion aux operations de facon a pouvoir assurer cette gestion avec un minimum de depenses. Le systeme de gestion des matieres nucleaires doit soigneusement tenir compte des divers facteurs qui influent sur son prix de revient. Il vient en complement des operations et doit entrainer le minimum de frais de personnel et d'analyse et provoquer le moins d'interruptions possible dans les operations. U doit etre integre a ces dernieres, de facon que les renseignements d'ordre quantitatif qu'il permet d'obtenir puissent etre communiques rapidement aux responsables du controle des operations. Le systeme d'enregistrement et de preparation des rapports doit fournir une quantite maximale de donnees subsidiaires. Il doit etre compatible avec les systemes utilises par les fournisseurs et les consommateurs et assurer la diffusion, partout ou cela est possible, de renseignements supplementaires concernant les lots de matieres nucleaires. Les donnees a fournir pour le controle des matieres nucleaires doivent se limiter a celles qui sont necessaires pour s'assurer qu'il n'y a pas de pertes importantes, de vols, d'erreurs d'affectation ou de detournements. Cette selection rigoureuse des donnees de gestion des matieres nucleaires en fonction de leur necessite doit etre egalement appliquee aux donnees complementaires. Les procedures, les methodes, le personnel et les procedes sont continuellement soumis a des controles pour s'assurer que la gestion des matieres nucleaires est effectuee dans les meilleures conditions possibles. Certains principes generaux ont ete definis en vue de calculer les couts au plus juste en fonction des exigences d'un controle efficace des matieres nucleaires. Il est tres important de determiner les besoins reels en ce qui concerne l'enregistrement et la presentation des donnees. On peut realiser de serieuses economies en confiant a un seul service la responsabilite de la gestion des matieres nucleaires, du controle de la production et de la determination des couts. Il faut alors faire confiance a ce personnel qui doit accepter, comprendre et assumer ces taches. Ce personnel selectionne doit recevoir une formation tres poussee et etre pleinement conscient de l'importance de ses activites. Les responsables de la gestion des matieres nucleaires doivent faire continuellement attention aux plus petites defaillances affectant la qualite et le rendement du personnel, des operations, des systemes, des'procedures et des techniques. Ce n'est qu'au prix de cette vigilance et de cette aptitude a corriger pour perfectionner que l'on peut realiser un equilibre optimal entre les couts et le service a assurer. (author) [Spanish] La administracion de materiales nucleares tiene que estar siempre supeditada a la finalidad primordial que se persigue con el tratamiento de dichos materiales, a saber, la generacion de energia o la produccion y fabricacion de productos finales. Las personas encargadas de esa administracion deben tener pues siempre presentes las necesidades de la produccion y adaptar a ese proceso los sistemas empleados a fin de poder llevar a cabo su cometido con el menor gasto posible. Al establecer un sistema de administracion de materiales nucleares hay que estudiar con sumo cuidado los diversos factores que influyen sobre su costo. El sistema de control debe complementar el proceso con costos de personal y de analisis lo mas bajos posible y con interrupciones mfnimas. Debe ajustarse a las necesidades de las operaciones de forma que los responsables de la explotacion puedan disponer sin demora de la informacion cuantitativa que proporcione. El sistema de registro e informacion debe permitir obtener el mayor numero posible de datos auxiliares. Debe ser compatible con los sistemas empleados por los proveedores y los consumidores y facilitar toda la informacion adicional posible respecto de las partidas de materiales nucleares. Solo hay que reunir los datos necesarios para poder tener la seguridad de que no se producen perdidas significativas, robos, errores de asignacion o diversiones de material. Los datos complementarios deben someterse a una rfgida prueba de necesidad, igual a la impuesta a los destinados a la administracion de los materiales nucleares. Los procedimientos, las tecnicas y el personal tienen que estar sujetos a inspeccion y revision continuas a fin de asegurar la mejor administracion posible del material. Se han establecido algunas normas generales para obtener un equilibrio entre el costo optimo y las necesidades adecuadamente establecidas del control. Es de suma importancia determinar con exactitud las necesidades reales en lo que respecta al registro y la comunicacion de los datos. Se logran considerables economias confiando a un solo grupo de personas la administracion de los materiales nucleares, el control de la produccion y la determinacion de los costos. Esas personas deben tener una conciencia muy precisa de la importancia de su mision. Los encargados de la administracion de materiales nucleares tienen que estar constantemente atentos para poder descubrir cualquier anomalia o defecto en los procedimientos, las tecnicas, el proceso de las operaciones y la forma en que el personal lleva a cabo su cometido. Esta atencion y la voluntad de corregir los. errores permitiran asegurar el equilibrio optimo de los costos y las necesidades. (author) [Russian] Kontrol' i uchet jadernyh materialov dolzhny vsegda igrat' vspomogatel'nuju rol' pri vypolnenii osnovnoj zadachi obrabotki jadernyh materialov, t.e. vyrabotki jenergii ili proizvodstva konechnyh produktov. V svjazi s jetim otvetstvennye za kontrol' i uchet jadernyh materialov dolzhny postojanno reagirovat' na nuzhdy, svjazannye s vypolneniem osnovnoj proizvodstvennoj zadachi, i prisposablivat' neobhodimye sistemy k jetomu processu s tem, chtoby osushhestvljat' kontrol' i uchet jadernyh materialov pri optimal'nyh zatratah. V svjazi s sistemoj kontrolja i ucheta jadernyh materialov neobhodimo tshhatel'no izuchat' rjad faktorov, kotorye vlijajut na ee stoimost'. Razrabotannaja sistema kontrolja dolzhna dopolnjat' proizvodstvennyj process, obespechivaja minimal'nye rashody na soderzhanie personala, analizy i minimal'nyj pereryv proizvodstvennogo processa. Sistema kontrolja dolzhna sochetat'sja s proizvodstvnnymi potrebnostjami dlja togo, chtoby poluchennaja kolichestvennaja informacija bystro postupala licam, osushhestvljajushhim kontrol' za rabotoj. Sistema registracii i vydachi svedenij dolzhna obespechivat' maksimum dopolnitel'nyh dannyh. Ona dolzhna byt' shodnoj s sistemami, kotorye ispol'zujut postavshhiki i potrebiteli, i davat', pri vozmozhnosti, dopolnitel'nuju informaciju, svjazannuju s partijami jadernogo materiala. Dannye,poluchaemye dlja kontrolja za jadernymi materialami, dolzhny byt' tol'ko takimi, kotorye neobhodimye celjah obespechenija togo, chtoby ne bylo nikakih znachitel'nyh poter', hishhenij, nezakonnogo prisvoenija ili ispol'zovanija ne po naznacheniju jadernyh materialov. Dopolnitel'nye dannye dolzhny podvergat'sja tochno takoj zhe neobhodimoj strogoj proverke, kotoroj podvergajutsja dannye, primenjaemye pri kontrole i uchete jadernyh materialov. V celjah samogo racional'nogo kontrolja i ucheta jadernyh materialov postojanno proverjali i peresmatrivali proceduru, praktiku i metody kontrolja, a takzhe kadrovye voprosy. S cel'ju obespechenija togo, chtoby optimal'nye rashody byli sbalansirovany s neobhodimymi potrebnostjami kontrolja za jadernymi materialami, byli razrabotany nekotorye obshhie pravila. Ochen' vazhno opredelit' dejstvitel'nye potrebnosti v registracii i vydache svedenij. Dejstvitel'naja jekonomija dostigaetsja za schet vozlozhenija na odnu gruppu otvetstvennosti za kontrol' i uchet jadernyh materialov, za proizvodstvennyj kontrol' i rashody. Takomu personalu nuzhno okazyvat' doverie. Uchityvaja vazhnost' raboty, jetot personal dolzhen projti tshhatel'nuju podgotovku. Lica, nesushhie otvetstvennost' za kontrol' i uchet jadernyh materialov, dolzhny postojanno sledit' za malejshimi otklonenijami ot norm povedenija i harakteristik personala, za normal'nym ispol'zovaniem processov, sistem, procedur i metodov. Tol'ko blagodarja takomu otnosheniju i zhelaniju proizvodit' peresmotr v celjah uluchshenija, mozhno dobit'sja optimal'nogo sbalansirovanija rashodov i potrebnostej. (author)

  9. Scale interactions in economics: application to the evaluation of the economic damages of climatic change and of extreme events; Interactions d'echelles en economie: application a l'evaluation des dommages economiques du changement climatique et des evenements extremes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hallegatte, S

    2005-06-15

    Growth models, which neglect economic disequilibria, considered as temporary, are in general used to evaluate the damaging effects generated by climatic change. This work shows, through a series of modeling experiences, the importance of disequilibria and of endogenous variability of economy in the evaluation of damages due to extreme events and climatic change. It demonstrates the impossibility to separate the evaluation of damages from the representation of growth and of economic dynamics: the comfort losses will depend on both the nature and intensity of impacts and on the dynamics and situation of the economy to which they will apply. Thus, the uncertainties about the damaging effects of future climatic changes come from both scientific uncertainties and from uncertainties about the future organization of our economies. (J.S.)

  10. Agriculture and greenhouse effect: economic regulation of cross impacts and combination of agricultural and environmental policies - analysis for the France and extension to the european union. Economic analysis of the interactions agriculture- greenhouse effect; Agriculture et effet de serre: regulation economique des impacts croises et combinaison des politiques agricole et environnementale - Analyse pour la France et extension pour l'Union Europeenne. Analyse economique des interactions agriculture - effet de serre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jayet, P.A

    2002-09-15

    The objectives of the research program are: the impacts evaluation of a double relation climate - agriculture on the agricultural production and the greenhouse gases emission; the compatibility of agricultural policies and environmental policies of the sector. Simulations are realized at a regional scale with a coupling of economical and biophysical models (manure spreading, cultivation yield). (A.L.B.)

  11. Etudes des styles de management au Burkina Faso et au Sénégal : A la Recherche des Spécificités d'un Système de management africain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Illa, Honorine

    2012-01-01

    Managementstijlen in Burkina Faso en Senegal Er wordt vaak beweerd dat ontwikkelingslanden hun economische groei kunnen versnellen als zij kennis overnemen uit de moderne westerse maatschappij en zich daaraan aanpassen. Lijnrecht daartegenover staan juist degenen die menen dat westerse kennis niet

  12. LE ROMAN POLICIER AFRICAIN FRANCOPHONE: DU BANAL INVRAISEMBLABLE AU FANTASTIQUE / THE FRANCOPHONE AFRICAN DETECTIVE NOVEL: FROM THE COMMON UNIMAGINABLE TO THE FANTASY / ROMANUL POLIŢIST AFRICAN FRANCOFON: DE LA BANALUL LIPSIT DE ORIGINALITATE LA FANTASTIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilioh Merlain Vokeng Ngnintedem

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The Francophone African detective novel uses absurdity to reveal with hurtful cruelty the fate and tragic existence of a people at the edge of abyss. Thus, in this detective novel, the character at first sets himself up as a distinct being, and the story progressively becomes a place of breakup of the original being. One then attends a strange world. In the Francophone detective novel, one deals with a universe in with the irrationality borders the magico-religious thought. This paper aims at showing that the Francophone detective novel gives the opportunity to see a social and political structure of the African society in which the religious unity and magical practices appear as the only expression of a shared spirituality. One might come to the conclusion that fantasy and absurdity in the Francophone detective novel permit to reproduce the image of a social chaos which is the result of a historical disaster that involves the impossibility to give certain logic to the reality.

  13. Contributions possibles des innovations génétiques pour l'améloration de la compétitivité des filières cotonnières africaines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mergeai G.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Possible contributions of genetic innovations to improvement in the competitivity of the cotton production and marketingchains in Africa. The 3 components of the profi tability of the cotton production and marketing chains which can beimproved following the development of genetic innovations concern: (i the production cost of the cottonseed, thanks tothe introduction in the cultivated varieties of genes allowing to decrease the impact of the biotic (weeds, pests and diseasesand abiotic (drought, soil poverty, acidity and salinity constraints, (ii the cost of the ginning of the cottonseed and (iii thequality of the various products of the cotton plant (fi ber, cakes, oil. The priorities to be retained for Africa regarding these3 components must absolutely take into account the characteristics of the local farming systems. In Africa, most of cottonis produced in farms of relatively small size with a low level of mechanization of the farming operations and a recourseto quantities of manure and pesticides defi nitely lower than elsewhere in the world whereas the levels of biotic and abioticconstraints are at least as high there as in the other continents. In this context, the priority of the genetic improvement programsshould aim at developing varieties with high quality fi ber, multi-resistant to the biotic and abiotic adversities, with the highestpossible ginning outturn and presenting an inhibition of the synthesis of the gossypol only at seed level. According to the localpriorities and resources available, the development of the new varieties should ideally be done by combining the approachesof the traditional genetic improvement assisted by the use of DNA markers and the functional genomics tools to direct theimplementation of targeted genetic transformations. This will not be possible without the maintenance of strong structures ofgenetic improvement directly in contact with the fi eld realities specifi c to each great zone of production. The exploitation of theimmense reserve of variability constituted by the wild diploid cotton species should play a key role to achieve these goals.

  14. Tolérance de quelques cultivars de manioc (Manihot esculenta Crantz et de l'espèce sauvage (Manihot glaziovii à la mosaïque virale africaine et à la cercosporiose du manioc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ongono, YSB.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Tolerance of some Cassava Cultivars (Manihot esculenta Crantz and the Wild Species (M. Glaziovii to Cassava Mosaic Virus Disease and Brown Leaf Spot. A study of the tolerance of three cultivars of Manihot esculenta Crantz (one local cultivar, Alot-Bikon, and two improved: IITA 8034, IITA 8061 and wild cassava (M. glaziovii collected from the Mbam and Kim forest (Cameroon towards the cassava mosaic virus disease (CMVD and brown leaf spot (BLS, was carried out in Yaoundé. CMVD was studied under natural conditions, whereas BLS was inoculated through a solution of Cercospora henningsii in concentration around 20 × 10² conidia/ml. Sixteen weeks after planting the cuttings, M. glaziovii plants were tallest (156 cm, whereas highest number of leaves (113 was obtained on the IITA 8061 cultivar. The lowest infection degrees by CMVD (17.2% and BLS (2.7% were registered on the wild species. Consequently, wild species seem to be more tolerant of the diseases studied. IITA 8061 cultivar is moderately resistant to CMVD (28.9% and rather resistant to BLS (7.8%. Cultivars IITA 8034 and the local variety are more sensitive respectively to CMVD (53.1 and 54.5% and BLS (18.8 and 32.8%. The highest yield in tubers was obtained from cultivar IITA 8061 (34.5 t/ha followed by IITA 8034 (32.1 t/ha and local cultivar, Alot-Bbikon (15.6 t/ha. These results show that the tolerance of cassava cultivars to disease has a large influence on tuber yield.

  15. Deux restaurants à New York: l'un franco-maghrébin, l'autre africain. Two restaurants in New York : one is Franco-Maghrebian, the other is African -Recent creations of "well-tempered" exoticisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Pierre Hassoun

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available L’article repose sur une enquête ethnographique conduite en 2008-2009 à Manhattan auprès de huit entrepreneurs devenus Chef et/ou managers de restaurant après avoir immigré à New York. Aucun d’entre eux n’a été formé dans une institution culinaire et tous proposent des cuisines de régions du monde (Afrique, Afrique du Nord encore absentes, ou peu présentes à New York. A partir de deux études de cas plus détaillées, l’auteur s’interroge sur les stratégies marchandes autour de cette altérité et les limites du cosmopolitisme propre au « globalisme ». La trajectoire du restaurateur se transforme en héritage par le biais d’un ego-récit qui s’utilise comme une ressource commerciale. Les restaurateurs intériorisent les désirs des clients. Plus que la recherche de goûts inconnus ou d’une altérité radicale imaginée comme authentique, ceux-ci veulent avant tout identifier les ingrédients ingérés, avoir une idée de leur provenance, et respecter un ensemble (instable de normes nutritionnelles subsumé aujourd’hui à Manhattan par la catégorie indigène healthy. Les restaurateurs anticipent ces désirs en opérant sur les plats un travail de retrait, de séparation et de substitution des ingrédients. L’exotisme s’est mis au régime.This paper is based on ethnographic fieldwork (november 2008-january 2009 in Manhattan with eight entrepreneurs who became Chef and/or restaurant manager after they immigrated in New York. Not any one has an academic culinary background and they all propose food from regions (Africa, and North Africa which are not yet offered (or not much offered in the city. The author stresses on two cases studies to question informal market strategies, cosmopolitanism and globalism limits. Restaurant owner’s trajectory – a narrative which becomes a heritage - is used as a market resource. Restaurants internalize and anticipate customers’ desires; In fact town people doesn’t desire unknown tastes or meetings with radical otherness imagined as authentic. They want to identify the ingredients they ingest, to get an idea about their origin and to observe a set of nutritional rules (less or more stable subsumed today in New York within the indigenous category healthy. To anticipate these desires, restaurant owners remove, separate and substitute ingredients. Exoticism is on diet.

  16. Stratégies de valorisation des savoirs locaux africains : questions et enjeux liés à l’usage du numérique au Cameroun

    OpenAIRE

    Mboa Nkoudou, Thomas Hervé

    2016-01-01

    La question des savoirs locaux suscite de nombreux débats sur la valeur et la considération que les uns et les autres leur accordent. Au-delà des aspects les plus vulgarisés que sont l’environnement et à la pharmacopée, cet article met en évidence une conception plus holiste des savoirs locaux et montre que leur valorisation est un enjeu de justice cognitive. À cette fin, l’auteur propose une stratégie numérique en quatre points adaptée au contexte camerounais : l’acquisition de compétences n...

  17. Mesure des flux de CO2 et séquestration de carbone dans les écosystèmes terrestres ouest-africains (synthèse bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ago, EE.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available CO2 measurement and carbon sequestration in West African terrestrial ecosystems. A review. Introduction. In West Africa, as elsewhere in other parts of the world, preserving terrestrial ecosystems has proven essential to any emissions mitigation policy for greenhouse gases, notably carbon dioxide. A meaningful assessment of the contribution of a given region to the global carbon cycle implies the need to think in terms of balance, taking into account the totality of the carbon export and import within the ecosystems. Literature. This review, based on the results of a small number of published and unpublished studies focusing on West African ecosystems, has as its main objective the assessment of the importance of carbon exchange. Carbon fluxes appear to be spatially highly variable in the West African region, mainly due to the variability of the types of vegetation, approaches to ecosystem management, and edaphic and climatic conditions. The mean annual precipitation appears to be the main factor controlling plant respiration and photosynthesis in this region. Annual cumulated NEE has been positively correlated with the rate of photosynthesis, and has been shown to account for 71% of its spatial variability at the annual scale. This paper also confirms the presence of carbon sink behavior for considered ecosystems in the West Africa with an annual average carbon sequestration of -2.0 ± 1.5 t C·ha-1 and highlights the need to improve understanding of factors or mechanisms controlling the carbon exchange between the ecosystems and the atmosphere. Conclusions. Based on these results, which were collected on a very limited number of sites, it appears necessary to continue with the measurement of carbon fluxes in the long term at the ecosystem scale in order to better appreciate the temporal and spatial variabilities, especially on a seasonal and inter-annual basis. This paper highlights the need to extend eddy covariance measurements to other vegetation types in this region in order to facilitate studies comparing the different ecosystems. This could be used as a basis for the recommendation of more sustainable management strategies favoring carbon sequestration while limiting emission levels.

  18. Cooperation or Competition? The American and French Foreign Policies in Africa (Cooperation ou concurrence? La politique africaine de la France et des Etats-Unis en Afrique sub-saharienne)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-07-26

    The End of French Unilateralism 44 B. Senegal et Nigeria: Regions of Commercial Exceptionalism _ 47 D. Djibouti : Searching for Military Advantages 50...domaines 6conomiques privilgiss 47 D. Djibouti : A la recherche de contr6le militaire 50 VII. Les stratigies Franco-amiricaines 52 A. Terrains de...religieux. Ils sont aussi confront6s A « toutes les formes de menaces nouvelles », comme le terrorisme ou le trafic en. tout genre (de Villepin, 386

  19. Dictatures et protestantisme en Afrique Noire depuis la décolonisation: le résultat d'une politique françafricaine et d'une influence américaine certaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérémie Kroubo Dagnini

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Étienne Gnassingbé Eyadéma, Jean Bédel Bokassa, Denis Sassou-Nguesso, El Hadj Omar Bongo, Idriss Déby, Paul Biya et Blaise Compaoré, por citar sólo algunos, tienen un mismo punto en común : fueron o son « amigos de Francia » que recibieron la ayuda económica, financiera, política y militar de presidentes franceses sucesivos, de Charles de Gaulle a Nicolas Sarkozy. Estos dictadores africanos constituyen el resultado directo de la política africana de Francia después de los últimos cincuenta años. Paralelamente a este neocolonialismo francés, otra forma de imperialismo se ha desarrollado en el África negra: la conquista religiosa de las iglesias evangélicas americanas. La presencia de los evangélicos americanos en África es muy clara: compensar el retraso político de América en la conquista colonial. Pero este imperialismo religioso no sucede sin consecuencias: ha originado graves divergencias sectarias. Así, este estudio, en una primera parte, expone la política africana de Francia y el apoyo que aporta a las antiguas colonias africanas. La segunda parte propone explorar el rol, la influencia y las consecuencias de las misiones protestantes en el África negra.__________________ABSTRACT:Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Étienne Gnassingbé Eyadéma, Jean Bédel Bokassa, Denis Sassou-Nguesso, El Hadj Omar Bongo, Idriss Déby Paul Biya and Blaise Compaoré, to mention only a few, have one thing in common: they are, or were, “friends of France”, who received economic, financial, political and military help from successive French presidents, from Charles de Gaulle to Nicolas Sarkozy. Those African dictators are a direct result of the French policy in Africa during the last fifty years. In parallel with this French neo-colonialism, another form of imperialism has developed in Black Africa: the religious conquest of the American Protestant churches. The presence of the American Protestants in Africa is very clear: they want to compensate for America’s political delay by a colonial conquest. But this religious imperialism is not without consequences: it has given rise to serious sectarian disagreements. The first part of this study presents the French policy in Africa and the support it gives to its former African colonies. The second part suggests an analysis of the role, influence and consequences of Protestant missions in Black Africa.

  20. États et écritures de violence en Afrique contemporaine : la représentation des conflits armés et des violences de masse dans les fictions africaines subsahariennes francophones

    OpenAIRE

    Plaiche, Anza Karel

    2012-01-01

    This research project examines the representation of the experience of extreme violence in the contemporary fictional space of Sub-Saharan Francophone Africa. The numerous works of prose fiction written in the wake of the armed conflicts of the 1990s and the Rwandan genocide raise questions related to the representation of pain, cruelty and death as well as to the ethics of art. How do literary texts put into narrative traumatic events? How do writers think and problematize extreme crises of ...

  1. Tectonique et volcanisme tardi-Pan Africains (580-560 M.a.) dans l'Anti-Atlas Central (Maroc): interprétation géodynamique à l'échelle du NW de l'Afrique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azizi Samir, M. R.; Ferrandini, J.; Tane, J. L.

    The structural analysis of the Precambrian III (Infracambrian) volcanic formations that outcrop in the Bou Azzer-El Graara anticlinal has revealed two complementary phases: i) a NW-SE distension, ii) N100° to N120°E left-lateral strike-slip to normal faults, parallel to the Pan-African suture. Microtectonic and stratigraphic criteria establish that the tectonic activity is syn-volcanic, while the determination of the principal stress directions prove the genetic relationship between the two phases. Evidences of NW-SE oriented distension in the PIII volcanics of other areas of south Morocco show the regional extension of the tectonic setting. Our model suggests a left-lateral strike-slip between two cratonic blocks that collided during a previous B2 phase (around 600 M.a.). During this strike-slip movement, the principal stress axis sl tilted from horizontal to 50°N while the vertical plane s1 - s2 slightly rotated from N30° to N40°E. The PIII volcanic production was triggered by the extensive wrenching-distending movement and accompanied the reactivation of WNW-ESE faults of the Panafrican basement. Coeval extension along NE-SW faults is marked by the emplacement of numerous andesitic porphyritic dykes along this direction. This rift evolution is part of the global framework that includes two Proto-Atlantic or Iapetus, (2) to the east, in the Trans-Saharian range, the E-W late-Panafrican compression with N-S left-lateral strike-slip. The extension leads to thinning of the crust, existence of a gulf during the Adoudounien transgression and emplacement of alkali magmatism at the base of these transgressive series.

  2. Caractéristiques gravimétriques de la partie nord des dahomeyides : chaîne de collision-aggréegation continenetale et lissage gravimétrique au Pan-Africain (600 ± 100 Ma.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Hadj Tidjani, M.; Affaton, P.; Louis, P.; Lesquer, A.; Socohou, A.; Caby, R.

    1993-08-01

    The surveyed area straddles the s.s. West-African and The Nigeria-Beninian plates (Fig. 1). It corresponds to the northern part of the Volta Basin, the external and internal structural units, and the suture zone of the Dahomeyide Pan-African Orogen. The main gravity anomalies are sometimes correlated with geological outcropping formations. Numerous gravity gradient changes and discontinuities are noticed. They testify to the structural and geological complexity of this region. This complexity suggests two main hypothese: that of aggregation of micro-continents during the Pan-African; and that of a "gravity smoothing" following the great tangential movements.

  3. Aquaculture et environnement: aspects réglementaires : journées d'études, Nantes, 6-7 octobre 1993

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1994-01-01

    ...) L'aquaculture in Italie; 6) L'aquaculture au sein de la Communaute economique europeenne; 7) Freshwater aquaculture in the United States, complying with environmental protection law and policy; 8...

  4. Activité antérieure – Bâtir un avenir solide pour la recherche sur la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Amérique du Nord et de l'Europe pour inclure maintenant un plus grand nombre d'établissements de recherche africains. Des chercheurs africains mènent les initiatives. En poste dans des villes au coeur de l'épidémie, ...

  5. Abolition du paiement direct des services de santé en Afrique de l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans les années 1980, suivant les recommandations des organisations internationales, la quasi-totalité des pays africains ont instauré le paiement direct des soins comme la modalité de financement principale de leur système de santé. Les patients africains devaient donc payer lorsqu'ils utilisaient les services de santé.

  6. Chap 8 soumahoro.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    seriane.camara

    Albert Einstein. Le discours classique qui consiste à enjoliver les cultures africaines et dans la moindre mesure celle du peuple Toura ne saurait prospérer longuement. S'il est vrai que la culture africaine regorge d'un potentiel (Éla 1998) incroyable, il est aussi vrai que certains aspects en constituent une faiblesse.

  7. Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome - Vol 7 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ecriture traumatique de la problematique de la jeunesse chez deux romanciers africains froncophones: Ahmadou kourouma et boubacar boris diop, ou l'Afrique au pied du mur de la crise de la conscience Africaine · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. K Tassou.

  8. Transformation structurelle de l'agriculture et des espaces ruraux en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    renforcer les compétences et connaissances de 10 jeunes chercheurs africains par la formation et le mentorat. ... Le projet appuie la Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods de l'Union africaine et le Programme détaillé de développement ...

  9. L'eau en Afrique, les paradoxes d'une ressource très convoitée

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    développement, lie la situation de sous développement du continent africain par rapport à la mauvaise répartition de cette ressource hydrique sur le continent. 4. Karen Franken (sous la direction de) «L'irrigation en Afrique en chiffre. », Enquêtes AQUASTAT, FAO 2005,. 5. Analyse Multidisciplinaire de la mousson africaine.

  10. Approche Stratégique d'une biotechnologie au service de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ancien Directeur Général de l'Agence Africaine de Biotechnologie, Membre du Panel Africain de Haut Niveau sur la Biotechnologie ..... plus tard en Asie, » grâce a Norman Borlaug, prix ..... aux, et le transfert des, technologies dont les.

  11. Trust Restoration in International Military Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    en psychologie organisationnelle, dans certains cas (p. ex., un manquement à l’intégrité), la dénégation serait un mécanisme de restauration de la...2010-151; R & D pour la défense Canada – Toronto; October 2010. Introduction  ou  contexte  : Selon des études récemment publiées en psychologie ...observations de la littérature en psychologie organisationnelle aux engagements militaires internationaux complexes. Participants et méthodologie : Nous

  12. North Korea’s Juche Ideology and the German Re-Unification Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    repräsentativen Befragung in Ost- und Westdeutschland 2006,” Selbständige Abteilung für Medizimische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie der Universität...207 Ibid. “Auf anderen Ebenen – denen der Wirtschaft und der Psychologie – führte die rasche Übernahme des westdeutschen Systems zu Zerstörungen... Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie der Universität Leipzig. (May/June 2006). http://medpsy.uniklinikum- leipzig.de/pdf/deutsche_befindlichkeiten_2006

  13. Research Using In Vivo Simulation of Meta-Organizational Shared Decision Making (SDM). Task 3: Testing the Shared Decision Making Framework in Vivo

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    santé des populations et professeure de psychologie à la faculté des sciences sociales de l’Université d’Ottawa. DRDC CSS CR 2011-32 iii Table...de psychologie , Faculté des sciences sociales | School of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences Chaire McLaughlin sur le risque psychosocial | The...Sincerely, Louise Lemyre, Ph.D, MSRC / FRSC École de psychologie / School of Psychology Faculté des sciences sociales / Faculty of Social

  14. Multimodal Interfaces: Literature Review of Ecological Interface Design, Multimodal Perception and Attention, and Intelligent Adaptive Multimodal Interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    multimodaux. Le présent rapport porte sur l’analyse de littérature existante sur la perception et la psychologie multimodales dans le cadre du développement...porte sur l’examen de la littérature existante sur la perception et la psychologie multimodales dans le cadre du développement d’un simulateur PCS...existante sur la perception et la psychologie multimodales dans le cadre du développement d’un simulateur PCS en vue d’évaluer l’efficacité d’affichages

  15. Measuring Effects and Success in Influence Operations: Challenges, Limitations and Opportunitites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    domaines de la psychologie , de l’anthropologie et de la sociologie, ainsi que sur des entrevues menées auprès de pionniers des technologies de...documents issus des domaines de la psychologie , de l’anthropologie et de la sociologie, ainsi que sur des entrevues menées auprès de pionniers des...la psychologie , de l’anthropologie et de la sociologie, ainsi que sur des entrevues menées auprès de pionniers des technologies de l’intelligence

  16. Major Events Coordinated Security Solutions Technical Report Closeout (MECSS): The Application of Science and Technology to Reduce Risk for V2010 and G8/G20 Summits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    CBRNE), aux infrastructures essentielles, à la surveillance, à la sécurité physique, à la cybernétique et à la socio- psychologie . Le présent rapport...la socio- psychologie . Dans le cadre du projet SCSGE, on a produit plus de 195 rapports scientifiques, fruit des efforts, du dévouement et du...aux infrastructures essentielles, à la surveillance, à la sécurité physique, à la cybernétique et à la socio- psychologie . Le présent rapport

  17. Consumer Psychology and Marketing Overview: An Influence Operations Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Ontario – en particulier les examens de la littérature sur les opérations d’influence (CR-2007-146), la psychologie du consommateur (CR 2008-218) et... psychologie du consommateur, dont certains ou la totalité pourraient être applicables aux opérations d’influence actuelles des FC. Cet article se veut une...les opérations d’influence (CR-2007-146), l’examen de la littérature sur la psychologie du consommateur (CR 2008-218) et une annexe au matériel, à la

  18. Qualitative Forschung in der Technikpsychologie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schraube, Ernst; Chimirri, Niklas Alexander

    2017-01-01

    Die qualitative Erforschung der Beziehungen zwischen Mensch und Technik wird zunehmend ein Thema in der Psychologie. Das Kapitel beschreibt die Entstehung psychologischer Technikforschung, den Stellenwert qualitativer Forschung in deren Entwicklung, sowie unterschiedliche theoretische und...

  19. Emotion, Motivation und Volition

    OpenAIRE

    Ulich, Dieter

    1996-01-01

    Emotion, Motivation und Volition / D. Ulich ; V. Brandstätter ; P. M. Gollwitzer. - In: Psychologie / hrsg. von Dietrich Dörner ... - 2., überarb. und erw. Aufl. - Stuttgart u.a. : Kohlhammer, 1996. - S. 115-135

  20. The Active Pupil: Pupil size in attention, working memory, and active vision

    OpenAIRE

    Mathôt, Sebastiaan

    2015-01-01

    Slides for the following talk: Mathôt, S. (2015, June). The Active Pupil: Pupil Size in Attention, Working Memory, and Active Vision. Talk presented at the Laboratoire de Psychologie de la Perception, Paris, France.

  1. Attachment and Immigrants : Emotional security among Dutch and Belgian Immigrants in California, U.S.A.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ecke, van Yolanda

    2007-01-01

    Yolanda van Ecke's onderzoek laat zien dat immigranten vaker onzeker gehecht zijn, en ook gevoeliger zijn voor ervaringen van isolatie en afscheid, vergeleken met autochtonen. Het boek Immigrants and attachment bespreekt ook beroepskeuze psychologie en hechting, zowel als persoonlijkheids aspecten

  2. Causal Networks with Selectively Influenced Components

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    Program, Arlington, VA, January. Viau-Quesnel, C., Schweickert, R., & Fortin, C. (2010). L’étude des réseaux sociaux en psychologie cognitive...un exemple basé sur l’étude de l’organisation des rêves. Société Québécoise pour la Recherche en Psychologie . Montreal, April. Schweickert, R

  3. A Literature Review on Operator Interface Technologies for Network Enabled Operational Environments Using Complex System Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-30

    d’interface fondées sur le comportement et sur la psychologie , ainsi que des méthodes de conception et de mise en œuvre d’interfaces multi-agents. On a mis...réseaucentriques. Ces technologies comprennent des approches de conception d’interface fondées sur le comportement et sur la psychologie , ainsi que des

  4. Test of inscribed description in the Alzheimer`s disease: correlation of neuro-psychology and of cerebral sanguinary rates; Test de description ecrite dans la maladie d`Alzheimer: correlation de la neuro-psychologie et des debits sanguins cerebraux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Houzard, C.; Croisile, B.; Philippon, B.; Hibert, O.; Gogoleva, S.M.; Itti, R.; Cinotti, L.; Wertheimer, H.P. [CERMEP, Lyon (France)

    1997-12-31

    The alteration of the written description of an image scene constitutes an early and sensible indicator in diagnosing the Alzheimer`s disease (AD). Measurements of cerebral blood rates (CBR) by SPECT show characteristic regional anomalies. We have studied correlations between the neuro-psychological tests (NT), parameters of description (description of the image of a thief of crackers) and CBR in patients afflicted by AD. Ten patients afflicted by AD of slow onset (MMSE 20.2{+-} 5.1) were subject to the following NTs: MMSE, Wounded A, Battery of Aphasia, BNT, verbal fluence, gesticulative practice, direct and inversion span, copy of a figure, immediate recall of a figure, immediate recall of a story. The description variables were the length of texts (words, phrases), the items of information, the grammatical, semantic and orthographic errors. The relative variations of CBR were obtained after injection by HMPAO - {sup 99m}Tc. The indices of asymmetry were calculated by the method of the regions of interest and the correlations were calculated between the NTs, description variables and L/R asymmetry by SPECT. For the temporal lobes the correlations are significant with: Battery of Aphasia and BNT (p < 0.01), and recall of a story (p < 0.05); in the anterior frontal lobes with: MMSE and direct span (p < 0.05); in the posterior frontal lobes with: Battery of Aphasia (p < 0.05), BNT and recall of a story (p < 0.01). For writing, the grammatical errors are correlated with the anterior frontal asymmetries (p < 0.03); the semantic errors with the anterior and posterior frontal lobes (p < 0.02) and with the temporal lobes (p < 0.05). Our results show a correlations of the frontal and temporal asymmetries with the early degradation of the scores of written semantic errors and the oral tests of language. The grammatical errors appearing later and in severe forms of AD as the attention abilities are connected only to anterior frontal asymmetries. Different functional networks could determine specific abilities of writing which are afflicted sequentially during the AD

  5. « La psychologie est une arme à double tranchant » : Sigmund Freud et l’expertise judiciaire « Psychology is a Two-Edged Sword »: Freud and Court-Ordered Expertise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brigitte Galtier

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Analyse de deux brefs textes critiques de Freud, écrits à la demande de juristes : « La psychanalyse et l’établissement des faits par voie diagnostique » (1906 et « L’expertise de la Faculté au procès Halsmann » (1931 nous instruisent d’une dérive de la Justice dans son recours à l’expertise psychiatrique (voire psychanalytique : le diagnostic ne sert plus à mesurer, une fois la culpabilité établie, le degré de responsabilité mais à étayer une accusation sans preuve.Analysis of two short texts by Freud, written at the request of a lawyer – “Psycho-Analysis and the Establishment of the Facts in Legal Proceedings” (1906 and “Faculty’s report in Halsmann’s trial” (1931 – is instructive with respect to the place of experts (psychiatrist or even psychoanalyst in relation to shifts in the concept of Justice: once culpability has been established, diagnosis is no longer used to assess the degree of responsibility, but to support a verdict of “not proven.”  

  6. rapport sur l'atelier

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Joseph E. Diop

    26 nov. 2015 ... DIALOGUE STRATEGIQUE : POUR UNE GOUVERNANCE FONCIERE ..... des lois foncières au sein des institutions politiques africaines. La manière ... de citer le recrutement de jeunes juristes pour former les populations.

  7. Negotiating Marriage on the Eve of Human Rights | Besendahl ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 8, No 1 (2004) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  8. West African Journal of Pharmacology and Drug Research: Editorial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal Ouest Africain de Pharmacologie et de Recherche sur les Médicaments) Papers on all aspects of drug action and related topics including chemotherapy and toxicology will be considered for publication.

  9. Women's Land Rights and Working Conditions in Large-scale ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    3, 2016 dans la plupart des pays africains pauvres comme le Cameroun s'inscrit dans ... acquired by governments and foreign companies within the last 10 years. ... Uganda, and Somalia all passed laws which made rural populations more.

  10. Crisis, Capital, Compromise: Mining and Empowerment in Zimbabwe

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 12, No 1 (2008) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  11. EDITORIAL: | Oloyede | African Sociological Review / Revue ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 18, No 2 (2014) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  12. L'idée de `science sociales' | Mbembe | African Sociological Review ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 3, No 2 (1999) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  13. Negotiating Marriage on the Eve of Human Rights | Besendahl ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 8, No 1 (2004) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  14. Ju/'hoansi Adaptations to a Cash Economy | McCall | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 4, No 1 (2000) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  15. Annonce du diagnostic et rupture biographique | Francine | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 14, No 2 (2010) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  16. Book Review | Oloyede | African Sociological Review / Revue ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 12, No 1 (2008) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  17. Adolescent Sexuality and Culture: South African Mothers` Perspective

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 16, No 2 (2012) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  18. Johann Graaff. What is Sociology? Cape Town. Oxford University ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 6, No 2 (2002) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  19. Land use correlates of street children in Ogbomoso, Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 17, No 2 (2013) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  20. Third Worldism | Nash | African Sociological Review / Revue ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 7, No 1 (2003) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  1. Postcolonial debates in Germany – An Overview | Pape | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 21, No 2 (2017) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  2. Evaluation des variétés de riz prometteuses pour la résistance à ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , (Rice yellow Mottle Virus ou RYMV), l'helminthosporiose (Helminthosporium oryzae ou Bipolaris oryzae) et la cécidomyie africaine des galles de riz (Orseolia oryzivora) sont les principales contraintes biotiques majeures qui causent plus de ...

  3. 1698-IJBCS-Article-Jean Christian Bita

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    produit d'une hybridation interspécifique entre les espèces de riz africain et asiatique s'adaptant aux contraintes locales du riz africain et ayant le rendement potentiel élevé du riz asiatique (augmentation de 50% sans engrais et de plus de 200% avec engrais). (Koudjega et al., 2006; Kone et al., 2008;. Cissoko et al., 2011).

  4. Résultats de recherche | Page 122 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Améliorer l'intégration des jeunes chercheurs africains dans les systèmes de recherche et d'innovation. Les crises économiques vécues par les pays africains depuis la fin des années 1970 ainsi que les programmes d'ajustement structurel qui les suivaient ont relégué la recherche scientifique et l'innovation technologique ...

  5. L'inégalité des sexes et la révolution de l'information en Afrique

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La prise en compte des femmes dans la politique des pays africains sur les ..... les stratégies visant à intégrer l'égalité des sexes dans les politiques africaines sur les TIC, .... À son avis, les entreprises de télécommunications devraient créer une ...... de vulgarisation agricole doivent former et recruter davantage de femmes.

  6. : tous les projets | Page 10 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet, mis en œuvre avec le Centre africain pour la transformation économique, est une étude comparative de l'expérience de différents pays africains dans l'inclusion financière des femmes et des jeunes. Région: Ghana, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Zambia. Programme: Employment and Growth. Financement total : CA$ ...

  7. L'exode des cerveaux et le renforcement des capacités en Afrique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 févr. 2011 ... Ce phénomène ébranle les assises économiques et politiques de bien des pays africains. ... le défi consiste à recruter ces cerveaux. ... des missions africaines, des organisations non gouvernementales et des groupes de la diaspora réunis pour parler de l'exode des cerveaux en Afrique et des stratégies à ...

  8. Homage to Jean Teillac

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Matteoli, J.; Dermagne, J.; Rouvillois, Ph.; Baleras, R.; Dautray, R.; Detraz, C.; Yoccoz, J.; Curien, H.; Rebut, P.H.; Caristan, Y.; Wallard, H. E.

    1997-01-01

    On the 10 November 1994 has taken place, to the 'Conseil economique et social', a ceremony in homage to the professor Jean Teillac, organized by: the' Conseil economique et social' (the president Jean Matteoli) the'Commissariat a l'energie atomique' (the general Administrator Philippe Rouvillois, the High - Commissioner Robert Dautray) The National center of the scientific research(CNRS) the national physics institute of particles (the Director Claude Detraz) The University of Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6 (the President Jean-Claude Legrand). (N.C.)

  9. The integration of the periodic production in the liberalized electric power markets: from the technic expenditures to the economic taxes imposed by the operating rules of the markets; L'integration de la production intermittente dans les marches electriques liberalises: des surcouts techniques aux penalites economiques imposees par les regles de fonctionnement des marches

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menanteau, Ph.; Finon, D.; Lamy, M.L

    2003-03-01

    In the framework of the climatic change and the energy supply safety, the european directive aims to promote the renewable energy production in Europe. Some of the renewable energy sources, as the wind power or the micro-hydroelectric power, are naturally periodic. Their introduction in the electric networks will create problems because of this periodic nature, problems which are new for the electric network producers and managers. These problems generate technical expenditures, which may be compensate by the economic penalties of the electric power market operating. In this context the document details the expenditures associated to the periodicity, the economic penalties by an analysis of the british market and analyses the possibilities to limit these economic penalties in order to reduce the conflicts between the electric market liberalization and the promotion of the renewable energies development. (A.L.B.)

  10. Advice presented on behalf of the commission of economic affairs, environment and territory about the project of 2003 financial law (no. 230), tome 4, ecology and sustainable development; Avis presente au nom de la commission des affaires economiques, de l'environnement et du territoire sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2003 (no. 230), tome 4, ecologie et developpement durable

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Priou, Ch.

    2002-10-01

    This report presents in a detailed way the allocation of the financial supplies of the French environmental policy for 2003: 1 - constitution of a network of protected natural areas: the Natura 2000 network, the instruments at the service of this network (national and regional natural parks, natural reserves, the littoral and shores conservatory), enhanced protection and rehabilitation of sites and landscapes; 2 - water policy based on floods prevention: floods risk mitigation and reinforcement of peoples and goods protection, national solidarity funds for water and water agencies, fight against marine pollutions; 3 - security: prevention of natural disasters, prevention of technological risks (reinforcement of the expertise capacity of the national institute of industrial environment and risks, inspection of classified facilities, institute of radioprotection and nuclear safety), municipal wastes policy, fight against noise and atmospheric pollution; 4 - sustain of environmental policies and promotion of the sustainable development: elaboration of the environment charter, reinforcement of partnerships, combining the expertise capacity and the participation of the public. (J.S.)

  11. Report made on behalf of the commission of economical affairs, of environment and territory about the project of energy trend law (no. 1586); Rapport fait au nom de la Commission des affaires economiques, de l'environnement et du territoire sur le projet de loi (no. 1586), d'orientation sur l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poignant, S

    2004-05-01

    The aim of this report is to present to the French deputies the comments made by the commission of economic affairs, environment and territory about the project of energy trend law. This law aims at defining in its first article the goals and trends of the French energy policy, and then at completing the existing energy dispositions in order to more efficiently implement these trends. The goals of the French energy plan are: the guarantee of supplies security, the environment protection, the warranty of energy prices competitiveness, and the energy access to the whole French people. These goals imply to keep up the nuclear option with the construction of the European Pressurized Reactor (EPR) and to develop the renewable energies. The first title of the law is devoted to the mastery of energy demand and foresee the implementation of a system of energy saving certificates, the reinforcement of the thermal building codes law, and a better information of consumers. The second title aims at promoting the development of renewable energy sources. Finally, the third title aims at better warranting the equilibrium of power networks and the quality of power supplies. The first part of the document reports on the general discussions about the law project while the second part makes a detailed analysis of each article with the proposals of modifications made by the commission. (J.S.)

  12. N.6 report realized for the economical Affairs Commission on the law project, adopted by the National Assembly after urgency declaration, relative to the energy sector; N.6 rapport fait au nom de la commission des Affaires economiques sur le projet de loi, adopte par l'Assemblee Nationale apres declaration d'urgence, relatif au secteur de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poniatowski, L

    2006-10-15

    This law project concerns the organization of the french energy sector and the definition of the public utilities. After a presentation of the juridical environment of the european energy sector, the author shows, in the framework of the world energy situation, that the evolution of the juridical aspects of Gaz de France answers a real necessity. He then presents the initial law project dispositions, the modifications of the National Assembly and the amendment of the commission. (A.L.B.)

  13. Realization of a technical and economic referential of units of organic waste processing by methanization with and without biogas valorization. Study report; Realisation d'un referentiel technique et economique d'unites de traitement de dechets organiques par methanisation avec et sans valorisation du biogaz. Rapport d'etude

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    Based on a literature survey and on the analysis of results obtained in operating installations in different countries (Germany, Denmark, France, Netherlands, and Switzerland), this study concerns the methanization of different substrates: domestic wastes, sludge from sewage processing plants, industrial wastes and effluents, agricultural wastes and effluents. This synthetic report describes the current status of methanization in terms of regulatory framework (for renewable energies, and for waste management, digestion residues and compost valorization in Europe and in the studied countries), and in terms of actual production and variety of base products. It gives an overview of the available technical solutions, of the products they use, and of the associated investment costs. These techniques are: completely stirred tank reactor (SCTR), upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB), internal circulation (IC), 'piston', batch, percolation, contact, fluidized bed, and anaerobic filter. It reports a synthesis of answers given to a questionnaire about technical and economic aspects

  14. N.6 report realized for the economical Affairs Commission on the law project, adopted by the National Assembly after urgency declaration, relative to the energy sector; N.6 rapport fait au nom de la commission des Affaires economiques sur le projet de loi, adopte par l'Assemblee Nationale apres declaration d'urgence, relatif au secteur de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poniatowski, L

    2006-10-15

    This law project concerns the organization of the french energy sector and the definition of the public utilities. After a presentation of the juridical environment of the european energy sector, the author shows, in the framework of the world energy situation, that the evolution of the juridical aspects of Gaz de France answers a real necessity. He then presents the initial law project dispositions, the modifications of the National Assembly and the amendment of the commission. (A.L.B.)

  15. Opening talk of M. Gerard Larcher, head of the commission of economic affairs of the French senate, given at the colloquium 'Energy: which French policy for the new legislative body?'; Allocution de M. Gerard Larcher, president de la commission des affaires economiques du Senat, prononcee en ouverture du colloque 'Energie: quelle politique francaise pour la nouvelle legislature?'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larcher, G [Ministere de l' Economie, des Finances et de l' Industrie, 75 - Paris (France). Direction Generale de L' Energie et des Matieres Premieres

    2002-07-01

    In his talk, G. Larcher presents his vision of a viable energy policy for France and Europe taking into consideration some fundamental goals: a diversified energy supply independent of economical and strategical hazards with reasonable energy prices and respectful of the environment and of the Kyoto protocol, a deregulation policy which will not suffer from an irrational competition, and a sustainable evolution for the French historical gas and electric utilities (GdF and EdF). (J.S.)

  16. N.3278 report realized for the economical Affairs Commission, of the environment and the territory on the law project relative to the sector of the energy (n.3201); N.3278 rapport fait au nom de la Commission des Affaires economiques, de l'Environnement et du Territoire sur le projet de loi relatif au secteur de l'energie (n.3201)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenoir, J C

    2006-08-15

    In the framework of the natural gas and electric power market opening, this law project relative to the energy sector discusses three series of dispositions: the dispositions relative to the electric power and natural gas distribution, the dispositions relative to the Gaz de France capital and the government control, and the dispositions relative to the display contracts of electric power and natural gas. Transient dispositions are also presented. (A.L.B.)

  17. On tariffs of the transport and electricity distribution network. Stage report of the economic analysis group; Groupe d'expertise economique sur la tarification des reseaux de transport et de distribution de l'electricite. Rapport d'etape

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-08-17

    This report contains an Introduction, seven Sections, Conclusions and Summary of Recommendations, a Glossary and three Appendices. In the Introduction the work of the group is presented, the question of the access to the network is outlined and the approach adopted by the group is explained. The Section 1 is titled 'The electricity market and the questions raised by the access to network. The following issues are exposed: - Institutional and regulation context; - Transposition of the directive 96/92/CE within member states; - The effects of offer expected by France; - Expected effects for electricity consumers; - Abroad experience in organizing the access; - The role of the Electricity Regulation Commission and the objectives of tariffing and rules of access to transport network. The second section presents the characteristics of the Management of Distribution Network (GRT) and identification of the costs. The following items are treated: - Definition and description of the transport network; - Network development; - European interconnections; - Technical constraint; - Organization of GRT; - Calculation of transport; - Remuneration of capital; - Distribution, the transport's end-of-the-road; - Costs to recover: definition, problems of measurement and verification; - Transitory tariffs. The third section is titled 'Introduction to an economic approach' and it presents the nodal tariffing and an outlook of practical solutions. The forth section tackles with the main options in tariffing. Six issues are exposed: - The main choices to do; - Choosing between postal stamp and distant tariffing; - Sharing between producer and consumers; - Economic relevance of the postal stamp type formulas; - Sharing between energy and power; - A proposal of tariff structure. The Section 5 is devoted to tariffs for international transports. The following issues are exposed: - Specific questions posed by transfrontier contracts; - European Union frame; - Connection with the tariffs of domestic contracts; - Proposals for tariffing the international transports. The sixth section presents the efficiency of the short and medium term access. The following issues are tackled: - Regulation of access and transmission; - Short term treating of the bottlenecks; - De-congestion investments; - Tariffs for lead-in and reinforcement operations; - the case of proximity production, direct lines and self-production. Finally, the last section titled 'Inciting the GRT internal efficiency and tariffing evolution, displays the subject matters: - The GRT behaviour guide; - Evolution of tariffing; - Benchmarking possibilities. In the concluding section the basic ideas of the report i.e., improving the market functioning, developing the network management and inciting the grow in the internal efficiency of GRT are elaborated and entailing recommendations are set down.

  18. Technical and economical analysis of costs of diagnostic agents in 'in vivo' nuclear medicine. proposition of fixing of a price scale; Analyse technique et economique des couts des agents diagnostiques en medecine nucleaire in vivo. Proposition de tarification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karcher, G. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Nancy-Brabois, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France); Prigent, A. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire du Kremblin Becetre, Service de Medecine Nucleaire et Biophysique, 94 - Le Kremblin Bicetre (France); Pelletier, J.L. [Centre de Medecine Nucleaire du Parc, S.N.M.N., 21 - Dijon (France); Gremillet, E. [Centre d' Emagerie Nucleaire - C.H.P.L., 42 - Saint Etienne (France); Fallais, Ch. [Liege Univ., Centre de Recherche du Cyclotron (Belgium)

    2005-03-15

    By basing us on indisputable scientific references for the good practices of nuclear medicine (recommendations of learned and international societies for the most part of acts), on precise technical analysis for certain difficult points (generators of 99 mTc, factors of calibration,multi doses flasks ), on an inquiry of frequency of acts concerning about 300 000 acts in 43 services in 2003, and on price lists of 2005 of the products available on the French market (which almost totality were analyzed by the commission of transparency of the A.F.S.S.a.P.S. during the granting of the approval in aid of communities), we were able to calculate the unit costs of radiopharmaceuticals used for each of the acts of the C.C.A.M. recovering from the nuclear medicine, that is a hundred of values. By grouping together these values according to a rigorous methodology, we built 12 groups of heterogeneousness limited in {+-}15 Euros for the weakest values and {+-}15 % for the others, and which constitute a useful tariff base in daily practice. (N.C.)

  19. Report made on behalf of the commission of economical affairs, of environment and territory about the project of energy trend law (no. 1586); Rapport fait au nom de la Commission des affaires economiques, de l'environnement et du territoire sur le projet de loi (no. 1586), d'orientation sur l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poignant, S.

    2004-05-01

    The aim of this report is to present to the French deputies the comments made by the commission of economic affairs, environment and territory about the project of energy trend law. This law aims at defining in its first article the goals and trends of the French energy policy, and then at completing the existing energy dispositions in order to more efficiently implement these trends. The goals of the French energy plan are: the guarantee of supplies security, the environment protection, the warranty of energy prices competitiveness, and the energy access to the whole French people. These goals imply to keep up the nuclear option with the construction of the European Pressurized Reactor (EPR) and to develop the renewable energies. The first title of the law is devoted to the mastery of energy demand and foresee the implementation of a system of energy saving certificates, the reinforcement of the thermal building codes law, and a better information of consumers. The second title aims at promoting the development of renewable energy sources. Finally, the third title aims at better warranting the equilibrium of power networks and the quality of power supplies. The first part of the document reports on the general discussions about the law project while the second part makes a detailed analysis of each article with the proposals of modifications made by the commission. (J.S.)

  20. Intelligent networks: evolution or revolution? Source of energy efficiency or economical optimisation? For who's benefit?; Reseaux intelligents: evolution ou revolution? Source d'efficacite energetique et/ou d'optimisation economique? Au benefice de qui?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fontaine, Christian

    2010-09-15

    The electricity sector has experienced a slow evolution. Renewable production developments and telecommunications and computers usage will bring major changes with hard to predict effects. Computerized management of production and local storage combined to a certain mastering of the allowed consumption by home automation could improve reliability and the final price for consumers. This change offers great opportunities but also risks of failures, both financial and technical. The regulators have a major role to play in order to understand the concrete gains of the technological propositions and to regulate the investment costs involved. [French] Le secteur de l'electricite a connu une evolution lente. Le developpements des productions renouvelables, l'utilisation des telecommunications et de l'informatique provoquera un bouleversement majeur dont il est difficile de prevoir l'ampleur. La gestion automatisee des productions et stockages locaux combinee a une certaine maitrise de la consommation permise par la domotique pourrait ameliorer la fiabilite et le prix final pour les consommateurs. Ce changement presente de grandes opportunites mais aussi des risques d'echecs, tant financiers que techniques. Les regulateurs ont un role majeur a jouer pour comprendre les gains concrets des propositions technologiques et reguler les couts d'investissement qu'elles impliquent.

  1. Report of study group 3.1 ''technological and economical developments for cost reduction of LNG facilities''; Rapport du groupe d'etude 3.1 ''developpements economiques et technologiques pour la reduction des couts dans les installations de GNL''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rapallini, R.

    2000-07-01

    The design, engineering and operation of LNG base load liquefaction and re-gasification facilities is now considered a mature technology. However, process efficiency at these plants is limited by fundamental thermodynamic principles and no radical technology breakthroughs are expected in the near future. Three important aspects affecting the cost of production are the molecular weight of the gas, the amount of nitrogen in the feed and the acid gas composition. Variations in composition will also affect the design of the facilities and production rate. Previous projects have optimised economies of scale, using processes based on large industrial gas turbines, to achieve the minimum unit cost for LNG production. LNG producers have continued to focus on larger train designs to further capitalize on economies of scale as well as continued expansion of existing facilities. The latest plant designs expect the optimum integration with existing facilities to be a major factor in optimising specific capital costs. Whilst design codes and standards have not been discussed in many papers on LNG cost reduction, it is generally accepted that project specifications can significantly impact the project cost. The cost of equipment can be significantly inflated by onerous specifications with non standard requirements that vendors have trouble meeting. The possibility of developing gas projects will mainly be determined by the requirements of power generation and/or the industrial sector. As far as power generation is concerned, expansion will rely greatly on combined cycle plants. The competitiveness of LNG as regards power generation can be further improved by adopting integrated solutions. As in all other industrial projects, one of the first concerns for the investor when he envisages building an LNG liquefaction or re-gasification terminal is the selection of the site where the terminal will be located. (author)

  2. Population around the French nuclear power plant sites: a key-parameter for crisis management and safety economics; La population autour des sites nucleaires francais: un parametre determinant pour la gestion de crise et l'analyse economique des accidents nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    PASCAL, A. [IRSN, Laboratoire d' economie de la surete, DSDP/SPIIC/LAERN, BP 17, 92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)

    2012-01-15

    This paper undertakes an analysis of population around the French nuclear power plant sites, tackles the problem of evacuation planning and provides a glimpse into ongoing research at the Laboratory of Nuclear Safety Economics of the IRSN, about the cost assessment of a nuclear accident and long-term land contamination. (author)

  3. Economic assessment of pulsed dose-rate (P.D.R.) brachytherapy with optimized dose distribution for cervix carcinoma;Evaluation economique de la curietherapie de debit pulse gynecologique (PDR) avec optimisation de la dose pour les cancers du col uterin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Remonnay, R.; Morelle, M.; Pommier, P.; Carrere, M.O. [Lyon Univ., 69 (France); Remonnay, R.; Morelle, M.; Pommier, P. [Axe Economie de la Sante, GATE, CNRS-UMR 5824, Centre Leon-Berard, 69 - Lyon (France); Pommier, P. [Centre Leon-Berard, 69 - Lyon (France); Haie-Meder, C. [Institut Gustave-Roussy, 94 - Villejuif (France); Quetin, P. [Centre Paul-Strauss, 67 - Strasbourg (France); Kerr, C. [Centre Val-d' Aurelle, parc Euromedecine, 34 - Montpellier (France); Delannes, M. [Institut Claudius-Regaud, 31 - Toulouse (France); Castelain, B. [Centre Oscar-Lambret, 59 - Lille (France); Peignaux, K. [Centre Georges Francois Leclerc, 21 - Dijon (France); Kirova, Y. [Institut Curie, 75 - Paris (France); Romestaing, P. [Centre hospitalier Lyon Sud, 69 - Pierre-Benite (France); Williaume, D. [Centre Eugene-Marquis, 35 - Rennes (France); Krzisch, C. [Hopital Sud, 80 - Amiens (France); Thomas, L. [Institut Bergonie, 33 - Bordeaux (France); Lang, P. [Groupe hospitalier Pitie-Salpetriere, 75 - Paris (France); Baron, M.H. [Hopital Jean-Minjoz, 25 - Besancon (France); Cussac, A. [Centre Rene-Gauducheau, 44 - Nantes-Saint-Herblain (France); Lesaunier, F. [Centre Francois-Baclesse, 14 - Caen (France); Maillard, S. [Institut Jean-Godinot, 51 - Reims (France); Barillot, I. [Hopital Bretonneau, 37 - Tours (France); Charra-Brunaud, C.; Peiffert, D. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    2010-06-15

    Purpose: Our study aims at evaluating the cost of pulsed dose-rate (P.D.R.) brachytherapy with optimized dose distribution versus traditional treatments (iridium wires, cesium, non-optimized P.D.R.). Issues surrounding reimbursement were also explored. Materials and methods: This prospective, multi-centre, non-randomized study conducted in the framework of a project entitled 'Support Program for Costly Diagnostic and Therapeutic Innovations' involved 21 hospitals. Patients with cervix carcinoma received either classical brachytherapy or the innovation. The direct medical costs of staff and equipment, as well as the costs of radioactive sources, consumables and building renovation were evaluated from a hospital point of view using a micro costing approach. Subsequent costs per brachytherapy were compared between the four strategies. Results: The economic study included 463 patients over two years. The main resources categories associated with P.D.R. brachytherapy (whether optimized or not) were radioactive sources (1053 Euros) and source projectors (735 Euros). Optimized P.D.R. induced higher cost of imagery and dosimetry (respectively 130 Euros and 367 Euros) than non-optimized P.D.R. (47 Euros and 75 Euros). Extra costs of innovation over the less costly strategy (iridium wires) reached more than 2100 Euros per treatment, but could be reduced by half in the hypothesis of 40 patients treated per year (instead of 24 in the study). Conclusion: Aside from staff, imaging and dosimetry, the current hospital reimbursements largely underestimated the cost of innovation related to equipment and sources. (authors)

  4. N.3278 report realized for the economical Affairs Commission, of the environment and the territory on the law project relative to the sector of the energy (n.3201); N.3278 rapport fait au nom de la Commission des Affaires economiques, de l'Environnement et du Territoire sur le projet de loi relatif au secteur de l'energie (n.3201)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenoir, J.C

    2006-08-15

    In the framework of the natural gas and electric power market opening, this law project relative to the energy sector discusses three series of dispositions: the dispositions relative to the electric power and natural gas distribution, the dispositions relative to the Gaz de France capital and the government control, and the dispositions relative to the display contracts of electric power and natural gas. Transient dispositions are also presented. (A.L.B.)

  5. Scale interactions in economics: application to the evaluation of the economic damages of climatic change and of extreme events; Interactions d'echelles en economie: application a l'evaluation des dommages economiques du changement climatique et des evenements extremes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hallegatte, S

    2005-06-15

    Growth models, which neglect economic disequilibria, considered as temporary, are in general used to evaluate the damaging effects generated by climatic change. This work shows, through a series of modeling experiences, the importance of disequilibria and of endogenous variability of economy in the evaluation of damages due to extreme events and climatic change. It demonstrates the impossibility to separate the evaluation of damages from the representation of growth and of economic dynamics: the comfort losses will depend on both the nature and intensity of impacts and on the dynamics and situation of the economy to which they will apply. Thus, the uncertainties about the damaging effects of future climatic changes come from both scientific uncertainties and from uncertainties about the future organization of our economies. (J.S.)

  6. Notice made on behalf of the Commission of economic affairs about the bill, adopted by the Senate after urgency declaration, asserting the national commitment for the environment (no. 1965); Avis fait Au nom de la Commission des Affaires Economiques sur le projet de loi, adopte par le Senat, apres declaration d'urgence, portant engagement national pour l'environnement (no. 1965)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-04-15

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO{sub 2} emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document recalls first the objectives of the bill adopted by the Senate, then it presents the proposals of the rapporteurs of the French House of Commons, followed by the auditions of the Junior Ministers in charge of ecology, accommodation and urbanism, energy, sustainable development, green technologies and climate. Finally, each article of the bill is described, and examined by the deputies. (J.S.)

  7. Age Rb/Sr de 1670 M.a. pour les mylonites de l'accident du Sassandra (Côte d'Ivoire) conséquence pour la datation des mouvements fini-éburnéens dans le craton ouest-africain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caen-Vachette, M.; Tempier, P.; Camil, J.

    An eight point Rb/Sr isochron determination on whole rocks yielded an age of 1670 M.a. for the mylonites from the Sassandra couloir of ductile deformation, which extends N-S. A similar age is proposed for the mylonite from a zone of parallel trend stretching NNW-SSE in the Reguibat dome (Mauritania). A correlation is suggested with the Guri fault of the Guayana shield in South America.

  8. Apports en matière organique marine et terrigène sur la marge équatoriale ouest africaine : rôle joué par le canyon sous-marin du Zaïre.
    Approche par les biomarqueurs lipidiques

    OpenAIRE

    Treignier , Claire

    2005-01-01

    The Zaire deep-sea fan (South-East Atlantic) is one of the world's largest active fans. It is fed by a unique canyon extending across the West Equatorial African margin, creating a direct connection between the Zaire River estuary and the abyssal plains. The canyon drives a substantial amount of terrigenous sediment down to the deep sea, mainly via turbidity currents. The initial goal of the French BIOZAIRE project initiated by IFREMER is to study the benthic ecosystem in relation to the orga...

  9. Superposition de la tectonique éburnéenne et panafricaine dans les granitoïdes de la bordure nord du craton ouest africain, boutonniére de Zenaga, Anti-Atlas central, Maroc(Pan-african overprint on Eburnian granitoids at the northern boundary of the West African Craton, Zenaga Inlier, central Anti-Atlas, Morocco)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ennih, N.; Laduron, D.; Greiling, R. O.; Errami, E.; de Wall, H.; Boutaleb, M.

    2001-05-01

    The Zenaga Inlier shows a comprehensive record of the Eburnian and Pan-African Orogenies. The Eburnian is characterised by high-temperature regional metamorphism and complex magmatism. The early (Azguemerzi) granodiorite has an isotopic mantle signature and was emplaced diapirically during the Eburnian Orogeny causing local thermal metamorphism. The foliation observed in this granitoid is a result of the interference between its primary syn-emplacement foliation and the regional foliation under amphibolite-facies conditions. The northern part of Zenaga has been intruded by the leucocratic granites of Tazenakht. These granites are cut by mylonites and phyllonites, corresponding to the Pan-African shear zones and accompanied with sub-greenschist-facies metamorphism during the Pan-African Orogeny. The deformation was the result of a regional sinistral transpressive event. This study in the northern part of the West African Craton shows the superposition of the Pan-African on the Eburnian Orogeny and the presence of a major fault in the Anti-Atlas.

  10. Composition et évolution du manteau lithosphérique nord-africain : évidences pétrologiques et géochimiques à partir des enclaves de manteau échantillonnées par le volcanisme cénozoïque intraplaque du Moyen Atlas (Maroc)

    OpenAIRE

    Pezzali , Irene

    2013-01-01

    The Ph.D. study is aimed at characterising the composition of pyroxenite xenoliths brought to the surface by Cenozoic intraplate volcanism in the Azrou Timahdite district of Middle Atlas (Morocco) to unravel their origin and significance in the frame of the geodynamic evolution of the North Africa lithospheric mantle. The interpretations are based on a petrological approach and on reliable geochemical information at both bulk rock and mineral scale. The data are used to address a largely deba...

  11. L’héroïsme de la femme dans l’épopée africaine : un regard critique de Soundjata ou l’épopée mandingue, Emperor Shaka The Great : A Zulu Epic et Nsongo’a Lianja : l’épopée nationale des Nkundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur Mukenge

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The Heroism of women in the African Epic: A critical analysis of Sundiata or the mandingo Epic, Emperor Shaka The Great: A Zulu Epic and Nsongo’a Lianja: The national Epic of the Nkundo. In African epics, female figures perform salient heroic roles that are, unfortunately, not widely recognised and celebrated, as notions of bravery and heroism are understood from a male perspective. Against this backdrop, this study adopts new critical and conceptual approaches to interrogate existing narratives, discourse and ideas on/or about female heroism. By focusing on selected epics, this work incorporates perceptions about women in folktales whose themes comment and reflect on the presentation of female characters and the roles they execute in society. The present contribution critically examines the role of supernatural forces in female characters’ commitment and heroism; not only protecting Soundiata, Shaka, and Lianja in accomplishing their destinies but also showcasing the activities, traditions, belief systems and culture of the Mandingo, Zulu, and Mongo in their respective societies.

  12. Conference B.Bettelheim

    CERN Multimedia

    Bettelheim,B

    1975-01-01

    Le Dr.Bruno Bettelheim, psychologue américain, d'origine viennoise, a passé son doctorat en psychologie à l'université de Vienne. Il émigra aux Etats-Unis et enseigna la psychologie au Rockford College en Illinois et la psychologie de l'éducation à L'université de Chicago, où il dirigea également l'institut orthogénique Sonia-Shankman pour le traitement des enfants psychotiques. Cet homme a bouleversé la compréhension des relations parents et enfants en y introduisant la psychanalyse. Basé sur ses expériences aux Etats-Unis,il nous parle des changements dans la structure de la famille et ses conséquences pour la relation entre enfants et parents.

  13. The Role of Mental Models in Dynamic Decision-Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    influencées par lui. La prise de décisions dynamique a été explorée à partir de différents points de vue, notamment la théorie des systèmes, la psychologie et...différents points de vue, notamment la théorie des systèmes, la psychologie et la théorie de contrôle dans le domaine de l’ingénierie. Ces perspectives...décisions dynamique a été explorée à partir de différents points de vue, notamment la théorie des systèmes, la psychologie et la t héorie de contrôle

  14. FEPSAC Newsletter (July 2017)

    OpenAIRE

    Sanchez, Xavier; Fritsch, Julian

    2017-01-01

    Welcome to this issue of the FEPSAC Newsletter – Fédération Européenne de Psychologie des Sport et des Activités Corporelles (European Federation of Sport Psychology).\\ud \\ud FEPSAC managing council meeting in Lille from May 10–12, 2017\\ud The recent FEPSAC MC meeting took place in Lille, France from May 10–12, 2017 and was hosted by the University of Lille 2 and Centre Resources en Optimisation de la Performance et en Psychologie du Sportif“ (C.R.O.P.S.) organized by Yancy Dufour and Nathali...

  15. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    intelligence economique en Algerie : Evaluation et perspectives. Abstract. ISSN: 1012-0009. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and ...

  16. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    economique des services ecosystemiques dans la reserve de biosphere de la Pendjari au Nord-Benin Abstract. ISSN: 2413-354X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More ...

  17. Design Methods in Solid Rocket Motors. Revised Version 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    La necessite de faire Ie point de maniere periodique sur ces prob1emes est absolument evidente. On doit ajouter qu’il existe tres peu d’ouvrages de...structurales froides . Cependant, de nombreux problemes techniques et economiques restent a resoudre : assurance de la qua- lite, controle non destructif

  18. Survey of Current Business. Volume 71, Number 10, October 1991

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-10-01

    information from outside nual increase, and MNC employment countries of the Pacific Rim. sources, mainly press reports, is used increased 3 percent...Source 3 (4.22) Economiques (Pans) (5.24) 333. Producer Price Index, capital equipment (M).-Source 3 (4.22) 747. Italy, index of stock prices (M).- Banca

  19. L'IMPACT DES DEPENSES D'INFRASTRUCTURES SUR LA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrateur

    l'économétrie, dans l'analyse de l'impact des dépenses d'infras- tructures sur la .... montre que les politiques budgétaires de relance peuvent avoir un impact à long terme ...... Sciences Economiques et Sciences de Gestion Université d'Alger.

  20. C__Users_HP Pro 2000_Desktop_NUAMA.xps

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP Pro 2000

    UFR de Sciences Economiques et de Gestion (Université de Cocody) / CIRES. 08 BP 1295 Abidjan 08. .... dégager une seule mesure de la productivité qui ... facteurs, qui échappent au contrôle des exploitants tels .... scores de performance.

  1. Problems of Planning Economic Policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Tinbergen (Jan)

    1998-01-01

    textabstractReprint of the orginally published version in International Social Science Journal (UNESCO), Vol. 11, No.3, 1959, pp. 351-360. In French: La Planification de la Politique Economique, Revue Internationale des Sciences Sociales, 1998, pp. 383-392

  2. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Amoah, DK. Vol 3 (2004) - Articles A case study of street food situation in Kumasi: socio-economic aspects and sanitary practices. Etude de cas de la situation de la nourriture vendue dans la rue de Kumasi: les aspects socio-economiques et des pratiques sanitaires. Abstract. ISSN: 0855-5591. AJOL African Journals Online.

  3. Musik und christlicher Glaube. Religionspsychologische Randbemerkungen zu einer empirischen Beobachtung

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Belzen, J.A.; van Belzen, J.A.

    2013-01-01

    Wer aus der Psychologie heraus sich bemüht etwas über das Verhältnis zwischen Musik und Religion vorzutragen, sieht sich, wie durchweg wenn ein einigermaßen interessantes Thema formuliert wird, vor ein mer à boire gestellt. Das Problem besteht nicht nur darin, dass es mehr Beziehungen zwischen Musik

  4. Mindfulness : Een studie naar de effecten van Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy en Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    der Meulen, R Van; Bos, Elisabeth; Appelo, Martinus; van den Brink, E.

    2009-01-01

    Interventies die gebaseerd zijn op oefening in mindfulness staan de laatste jaren erg in de belangstelling. De training waarin oosterse meditatie oefening samen komt met de moderne westerse psychologie neemt nog altijd toe in populariteit (Brown e.a., 2007). Grondlegger is John Kabat-Zinn; die

  5. Kvalita života ve vztahu ke zdraví u nemocných epilepsií. Některé psychometrické charakteristiky české verze dotazníku QOLIE-89

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Preiss, J.; Zvárová, Jana; Stanovská, Z.

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 49, č. 2 (2005), s. 140-156 ISSN 0009-062X Source of funding: V - iné verejné zdroje Keywords : kvalita života * psychologie * statistika * epilepsie * QOLIE-89 * psychometrie * faktorová analýza Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research Impact factor: 0.241, year: 2005

  6. De redenloze consument : over framing in marketing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    dr. A. Maas

    2013-01-01

    Marketers moeten klantenbehoeften vervullen. Zij werken klantgericht en baseren zich daarbij vaak op enquêtes en andere verbale uitingen van klanten. Vanuit de psychologie is inmiddels echter duidelijk dat mensen vaak helemaal niet zeggen wat ze echt vinden. Niet omdat ze dat niet willen, maar omdat

  7. Daily Spiritual Experiences and Psychological Well-Being among US Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellison, Christopher G.; Fan, Daisy

    2008-01-01

    This study focuses on one of the most significant recent innovations in the conceptualization and measurement of religiousness and spirituality, the Daily Spiritual Experience scale (DSES; Underwood (2006) "Archive for the Psychology of Religion/Archiv fur Religion Psychologie," 28, 181-218). Using data from 1998 and 2004 NORC General…

  8. Behavioral Consequences of Kainic Acid Lesions and Fetal Transplants of the Striatum

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-12

    pp. 51-56). New York: Raven Press. Bruyn, G.W., De Young, F.H., & Van Der Molen , J.H. (1972). Hiintington’s chorea and the adrenal. British...218, 347-356. Schroeder, K. (1931). Zur klinik und pathologie der Huntingtonshen krankheit, Jurnal fur Psychologie und Neurologic. 43, 183-201

  9. Analogical Reasoning as a Decision Support Principle for Weakly-Structured Marketing Problems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.A.P. Althuizen (Niek)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractVeel marketing problemen zijn zwak-gestructureerd. Vanuit de psychologie weten we dat analoog redeneren een effectieve manier is om dit soort problemen op te lossen. Dat wil zeggen: één van de eerste dingen die een manager zal doen wanneer hij geconfronteerd wordt met een dergelijk

  10. Beiträge zu einer kognitiv ausgerichteten lexikographie | Figge ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nach einer "kognitiven Wende" in der Psychologie in der zweiten Hälfte der sechziger Jahre haben auch Teile der Linguistik und der Psycholinguistik begonnen, sich kognitiv zu orientieren. Hier wird ein Modell zugrunde gelegt, nach dem sprachliche Einheiten auf Einheiten des Gedächtnisses referieren. Einheiten des ...

  11. Gezondheidspsychologie voor de fysiotherapeut deel 2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P van Burken

    2004-01-01

    Deel twee sluit aan bij recente internationale ontwikkelingen binnen de (gezondheids)psychologie en vertaalt deze naar de praktijksituatie van de fysiotherapeut. Fysiotherapeuten kunnen hun psychologisch inzicht en handelen aan de hand van de volgende thema s verbreden: eerst wordt het herkennen

  12. Résultats de recherche | Page 146 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Psychologie sociale dans une Colombie se relevant d'un conflit ... Suivi et évaluation des relations interethniques au Guatemala : une nouvelle stratégie ... sait que les technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) peuvent aider ...

  13. Subtiel verleiden met nudging : Verhogen van enquêterespons

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    V. Versluis; dr. A.F. de Wild

    2015-01-01

    De nonrespons op enquêtes onder studenten is vaak hoog, waardoor verkregen informatie niet altijd betrouwbaar en valide is. Met nudges, subtiele interventies die gebaseerd zijn op inzichten uit de psychologie en sociologie, kan de respons op enquêtes aanzienlijk worden verhoogd. Bij de uitrol van

  14. Subtiele verleiders inzetten voor studiesucces : Nudging the student

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.M. Kreeft; I. van den Donker; dr. A.F. de Wild; D. van der Waal

    2013-01-01

    Subtiele prikkels in de omgeving van mensen zijn in staat om hun gedrag voorspelbaar te veranderen. Dit gegeven, bekend vanuit de psychologie en sociologie, biedt kansen voor het hoger onderwijs. Subtiele interventies (nudges) in het onderwijsproces leiden studenten namelijk onbewust tot

  15. The graphic strategy: the uses and functions of illustrations in Wundt's Grundzüge.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Draaisma, D.; De Rijcke, S.

    Illustrations played an important role in the articulation of Wundt's experimental program. Focusing on the woodcuts of apparatus and experimental designs in the six editions of his Grundzuge der physiologischen Psychologie (published between 1873 and 1911), we investigate the uses and functions of

  16. Balans van 25 jaar arbeids- en organisatiepsychologie : nieuwe thema's en methoden, maar praktische relevantie onder druk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smulders, P.; Schouteten, R.

    2009-01-01

    Op basis van reviewartikelen, trend- en inhoudsanalyses poogt dit artikel een overzicht te geven van 25 jaar A&O-psychologie. Daarbij gaat de aandacht uit naar zowel nationale als internationale ontwikkelingen. Geconcludeerd wordt dat er grote verschillen bestaan tussen de Verenigde Staten, het

  17. Du Chaka de Thomas Mofolo au Zulu de Tchicaya U Tam’si, le feuilleton radiophonique comme étape de la réécriture

    OpenAIRE

    Leroux, Pierre

    2017-01-01

    Le roi Chaka (1788-1828), fondateur de l’Empire zoulou, a inspiré de nombreux auteurs africains, tant anglophones que francophones. Parmi toutes ces mises en fiction de l’histoire, le cas du Congolais Tchicaya U Tam’si (1931-1988) est particulièrement intéressant car il reprend un roman sud-africain de Thomas Mofolo et l’adapte, dans un premier temps, en feuilleton radiophonique (1957). Ce n’est que vingt ans plus tard (1976), qu’il fait jouer à Avignon sa pièce Le Zulu, qui s’éloigne considé...

  18. Penser l’Afrique à l’aune des Suds émergents

    OpenAIRE

    Perrot, Sandrine; Malaquais, Dominique

    2009-01-01

    Pour la photo reproduite sur la couverture de ce numéro de Politique africaine, Liu Jianju pose en tenue « africaine ». Un portrait de Mao, jeune et souriant dans son uniforme, trône sur le meuble derrière lui. L’étoffe kente couvrant l’une des épaules de Liu brille de couleurs chatoyantes qui s’accordent aux ornements dorés de son couvre-chef. Il tient d’une main une cane sculptée d’animaux de la savane (...).

  19. Jeux chez les Touaregs

    OpenAIRE

    Bernus, E.

    2012-01-01

    Parmi les jeux pratiqués par les Touaregs, il faut distinguer les jeux sportifs qui opposent deux équipes ou deux hommes, des jeux de société dans un cadre inscrit dans le sable, et les jeux d’esprit, véritables joutes verbales ; enfin, il faut signaler la construction par les enfants de jouets. Un certain nombre de jeux sont connus chez d’autres populations africaines. L’ouvrage de Charles Béart, Jeux et jouets de l’Ouest africain (1955), nous permet d’utiles comparaisons. Il est donc intére...

  20. Technical and Economic Considerations in the Preservation of Meats and Poultry by Ionizing Radiation; Considerations d'Ordre Technique et Economique sur la Conservation des Viandes et de la Volaille par les Rayonnements Ionisants; Tekhnicheskie i ehkonomicheskie soobrazheniya otnositel'no'konservatsii myasa i ptitsy s pomoshch'yu ioniziruyushchikh izluchenij; Consideraciones Tecnicas y Economicas Acerca de la Conservacion de Carnes y Volateria por Irradiacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urbain, W. M. [Department of Food Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI (United States)

    1966-11-15

    Radiation-sterilized meats and poultry can be of a quality better than that obtained with thermal processing. Where the normal method of preservation of meat and poultry during distribution is refrigeration, radiation at sterilizing levels is not likely to replace it. A principal reason for this is cost. In such a civilian market, radiation-sterilized meats will serve primarily as convenience foods. Radiation-pasteurization could provide a significant product life extension for fresh meats and poultry by delaying microbial spoilage, especially in the centralized preparation of retail cuts. Other factors of meat spoilage of a chemical or physical nature, however, are not controlled by radiation; and until they are, there is no real marketing value in the use of radiation. For fresh or frozen poultry there is the possibility of Salmonella control, should this be needed. Costs for sterilization and pasteurization are estimated and are presented in a form to permit selection of specific conditions within a range for certain important variables. From a commercial viewpoint, it is important to determine the consumer acceptance of radiation- sterilized meats and poultry. The usual approach to such a determination is to market the products in question in a limited manner and to measure the acceptance under such market conditions. To accomplish this with radiation-sterilized foods, the next step appears to be to obtain a production capability to supply the products for test marketing. (author) [French] Les viandes et la volaille sterilisees par les rayonnements peuvent etre de meilleure qualite que celle obtenue par un traitement thermique; Lorsqu'on utilise la refrigeration comme methode normale de conservation de la viande et de la volaille en cours de distribution, il est peu probable qu'on lui substitue l'irradiation a des doses sterilisantes. La principale raison eri est le cout eleve de l'irradiation. Dans un marche destine a repondre aux besoins civils, les viandes radiosterilisees seront utilisees comme appoint. La radiopasteurisation pourrait prolonger sensiblement la duree de conservation des viandes et volailles fraiches en retardant la deterioration par les bacteries, notamment dans les grandes installations de debitage pour la vente au detail. Par contre, les rayonnements n'influent pas sur certains autres facteurs chimiques ou physiques de la corruption des viandes; tant que cela ne sera pas le cas, l'emploi des rayonnements ne presentera pas d'interet commercial reel. Dans le cas de la volaille fraiche ou congelee, on pourrait, le cas echeant, appliquer un traitement contre la Salmonella. Des estimations des prix de revient de la radiosterilisation et de la pasteurisation sont presentees de maniere a permettre le choix de conditions particulieres et une certaine latitude pour tenir compte de variations importantes. Du point de vue commercial, il importe de savoir dans quelle mesure le.consommateur accepte les viandes et la volaille radiosterilisees. La methode habituelle a cette fin consiste a ne mettre sur le marche qu'une quantite limitee des produits en question et a ' mesurer' l'acceptation dans de telles conditions du marche. S'il s'agit de denrees alimentaires radiosterilisees, il faut encore assurer une capacite de production suffisante pour l'essai de commercialisation. (author) [Spanish] La calidad de las carnes y la volateria radioesterilizadas puede ser. superior a la que se obtiene sometiendolas a tratamiento termico. Cuando la refrigeracion es el metodo normalmente empleado para conservar la carne y la volateria durante su distribucion, hay pocas probabilidades de que sea sustituida por la radioesterilizacion. La razon principal estriba en los costos. En estas condiciones, las carnes radioesterilizadas se utilizaran en el mercado sobre todo como recurso excepcional. La radiopasteurizacion podria prolongar considerablemente el periodo de conservacion de las carnes y la volateria frescas, puesto que retarda la accion destructiva de los microbios, sobre todo en la preparacion centralizada de piezas para detallistas. Pero las radiaciones no eliminan otros agentes de naturaleza fisica o quimica tambien nocivos para la carne; mientras dure tal situacion, la irradiacion carece de autentico valor comercial. En lo que se refiere a la volateria fresca o congelada, las radiaciones, si es necesario, permiten eliminar la Salmonella. Se calculan los costos de la esterilizacion y de la pasterizacion, y se presentan de forma que permite seleccionar condiciones especificas en un intervalo de valores de ciertas variables importantes. Desde el punto de vista comercial, es importante conocer la aceptacion que tendran las carnes y la volateria radioesterilizadas. Para ello el procedimiento habitualmente seguido consiste en poner en venta una cantidad limitada de productos y observar su acogida en el mercado. Es por consiguiente necesario lograr una capacidad de produccion adecuada a las necesidades de ese estudio. (author) [Russian] Mjaso i ptica, sterilizovannye s pomoshh'ju izluchenij, mogut byt' luchshego kachestva po sravneniju s tem, kotoroe dostigaetsja termicheskoj obrabotkoj. Tam, gde obychnym metodom konservirovanija mjasa i pticy vo vremja raspredelenija javljaetsja zamorazhivanie, obluchenie, dostigajushhee urovnej sterilizacii, vrjad li zamenit jetot metod. Glavnaja prichina jetogo zakljuchaetsja v stoimosti. Na takom rynke sterilizovannoe s pomoshh'ju obluchenija mjaso budet sluzhit' glavnym obrazom v kachestve polufabrikata . Pasterizacija s pomoshh'ju obluchenija mogla by znachitel'no uvelichit' srok sohrannosti svezhego mjasa i pticy putem predohranenija ih ot porchi mikrobami, osobenno pri centralizovannoj razdelke dlja prodazhi v roznicu. Tem ne menee obluchenie ne ustranjaet drugie prichiny porchi mjasa, kotorye imejut himicheskij ili fizicheskij harakter; do teh por, poka jeti prichiny sushhestvujut, primenenie obluchenija ne budet davat' zhelaemyh jeffektov pri realizacii. V sluchae neobhodimosti dlja svezhej ili morozhenoj pticy mozhno primenit' kontrol' v otnoshenii salmonelly. Orientirovochno opredeleny rashody, svjazannye so sterilizaciej i pasterizaciej, kotorye predstavleny v takoj forme, kotoraja pozvoljaet vybrat' konkretnye uslovija v ramkah opredelennyh osnovnyh peremennyh. S kommercheskoj tochki zrenija mozhno opredelit' priemlemost' dlja potrebitelja sterili zovannyh s pomoshh'ju obluchenija mjasa i pticy. Obychnym sposobom reshenija takogo voprosa javljaetsja razmeshhenie na rynke opredelennyh produktov v ogranichennyh kolichestvah i oprede lenie intensivnosti sprosa na nih v takih uslovijah rynka. Sledujushhim shagom na puti realizacii sterilizovannyh s pomoshh'ju obluchenija produktov javitsja, po-vidimomu, dostizhenie proizvodstvennyh vozmozhnostej dlja postavok produktov dlja kontrol'noj realizacii. (author)

  1. Report made on behalf of the commission of economic affairs, environment and territory about the proposal of law, adopted in second lecture with modifications by the Senate, relative to the electricity and natural gas regulated tariffs; Rapport fait au nom de la Commission des Affaires Economiques, de l'Environnement et du Territoire sur la proposition de loi, adoptee avec modifications par le Senat en deuxieme lecture, relative aux tarifs reglementes d'electricite et de gaz naturel (n.565)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-01-15

    This text is the conclusion of a long parliamentary procedure with several debates about electricity and natural gas prices, for both individual users and companies. The first article of the proposal of law relative to regulated electricity and gas tariffs, is the only one that remains to be discussed, and concerns the households and the companies with a low power consumption. Examined first at the Senate on October 1, 2007, this proposal of law was debated at the House of Commons on December 11, 2007 and modified for one important point: the possibility for households who have made the choice of a de-regulated energy supplier to change back and benefit again of the regulated tariffs. The adoption of this amendment has led to make some adjustments in the proposal of law which are presented in this document. (J.S.)

  2. Report made on behalf of the commission of economic affairs, environment and territory about the law project (no. 1613), relative to the electric and gas public utilities and to the power and gas companies; Rapport fait au nom de la Commission des affaires economiques, de l'environnement et du territoire sur le projet de loi (no. 1613), relatif au service public de l'electricite et du gaz et aux entreprises electriques et gazieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenoir, J.C.

    2004-06-01

    The aim of this report is to present to the French deputies the comments made by the commission of economic affairs, environment and territory about the law project relative to the change of status of the power and gas public utilities in the framework of the deregulation of European energy markets. This law changes the juridical status of the two state monopolies Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) into two anonymous companies and creates two additional companies for the management of the power and gas networks. It ensures also the transposition of the European directives from June 26, 2003 (2003/54/CE and 2003/55/CE). It contains some proper dispositions and modifies various existing French laws, in particular the law no. 46-628 from April 8, 1946 about the electricity and gas nationalization and the law no. 2000-108 from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric public utility. The first part of the document reports on the general discussions about the law project while the second part makes a detailed analysis of each article with some proposals of modifications. A comparative table puts in parallel the existing texts, the law project and the proposals made by the commission. (J.S.)

  3. Notice presented in the name of the economical affairs, the environment and the territory commission, on the financial law project for 2009 (n. 1127), part 2 ecology, sustainable development and management. volume 1 environment and energy; Avis presente au nom de la commission des affaires economiques, de l'environnement et du territoire sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2009 (n. 1127), tome 2 ecologie, developpement et amenagement durables. volume 1 environnement et energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    This law document concerns the evaluation and analysis of the demanded credits for 2009 (the increase of the credits in the risks prevention, the energy supply in the framework of the climatic change) and the supply of the energy in a context of the environmental quality (the renewable energies development, the electric power production and consumption, the nuclear energy future). (A.L.B.)

  4. Advice presented on behalf of the commission of economic affairs, environment and territory about the project of 2003 financial law (no. 230), tome 6, economy, finances and industry, industry-energy; Avis presente au nom de la commission des affaires economiques, de l'environnement et du territoire sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2003 (no. 230), tome 6, economie, finances et industrie, industrie-energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masdeu-Arus, J.

    2002-10-01

    This report presents in a detailed way the evolution of the French industry and energy financial supplies for 2003: 1 - general evolution of supplies; 2 - measures devoted to the improvement of the environment of industrial companies: quality policy, technical centers, financing of engineers schools; 3 - research and innovation supplies: main industrial research programs, small- and medium-size companies, innovation and technologies diffusion; 4 - budgetary sustain of the energy sector: budgetary sustain of nuclear energy and the French atomic energy commission (CEA) supplies, the commission of electric power regulation (CRE), the research network on oil and gas technologies, the agency of environment and energy mastery (Ademe), and the French institute of petroleum (IFP); 5 - the follow up of industrial mutations: mechanical decay of the supplies to the sectors in crisis: Charbonnages de France situation, naval construction, reconversion of coal mining and steelmaking industries (funds and conversion companies); 6 - economic and financial situation of Electricite de France (EdF): continuous deterioration of results, low profitability of daughter companies, consequences for the future. (J.S.)

  5. Notice presented in the name of the economical affairs, the environment and the territory commission, on the financial law project for 2009 (n. 1127), part 2 ecology, sustainable development and management. volume 1 environment and energy; Avis presente au nom de la commission des affaires economiques, de l'environnement et du territoire sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2009 (n. 1127), tome 2 ecologie, developpement et amenagement durables. volume 1 environnement et energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    This law document concerns the evaluation and analysis of the demanded credits for 2009 (the increase of the credits in the risks prevention, the energy supply in the framework of the climatic change) and the supply of the energy in a context of the environmental quality (the renewable energies development, the electric power production and consumption, the nuclear energy future). (A.L.B.)

  6. Report realized by the commission of the economical Affairs on the law project, adopted by the National Assembly after urgency declaration, of the program relative to the sustainable management of the radioactive materials and wastes; Rapport fait au nom de la commission des Affaires economiques sur le projet de loi, adopte par l'Assemblee Nationale apres declaration d'urgence, de programme relatif a la gestion durable des matieres et des dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Revol, H

    2006-07-01

    In the framework of a sustainable development and of the nuclear energy development, the France decided by the law of the 30 December 1991, to study three axis or researches: the radioactive wastes transmutation, their deep underground disposal and their storage during ten years. Today, after evaluation of the researches results a law project on the sustainable management of the radioactive materials and wastes, has been prepared. This document is the approval of the law project and presents some amendments. (A.L.B.)

  7. Energie-Cite opinion on: Communication from the commission to the council, the European parliament, the European economic and social committee and the committee of the regions; Avis d'Energie-Cite sur la: communication de la commission au conseil, au parlement Europeen, au comite economique et social Europeen et au comite des regions. Vers une strategie thematique pour l'environnement urbain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-02-01

    The failure to give sufficient consideration to the environmental implications of decisions and a failure to plan systematically for a high quality urban environment are among the principal causes of the current situation, with consequences both for the environment and for the city economy and its citizens. Planning for a high level of environmental protection is one of the key elements to achieving the sustainable development of cities and to providing a high quality of life for Europe urban citizens. The following overview presents the outcome of extensive consultations. The aim is to contribute at the EU level to the development of a strong framework which will bring about local initiatives based on best practice, leaving the choice of solutions and targets to the local decision makers. This Communication and the actions it proposes will be subject to a second round of consultations in 2004, including discussions with the EU institutions, the EU Expert Group on the Urban Environment and different stakeholder groups, as well as an open Internet consultation. In addition, technical working groups composed of experts and stakeholders will be organised to examine in further detail the key actions proposed, their feasibility and how they would contribute to improving the urban environment. (A.L.B.)

  8. N.7 notice presented for the Finances Commission, of the budget control and the economical accounts of the Nation on the law project, adopted by the National Assembly after urgency declaration, relative to the energy sector; N.7 avis presente au nom de la commission des Finances, du controle budgetaire et des comptes economiques de la Nation sur le projet de loi, adopte par l'Assemblee Nationale apres declaration d'urgence, relatif au secteur de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marini, Ph

    2006-10-15

    This law project concerns the privatization of Gaz de France and the new control of the State on this society. It underlines the necessity of a financial independence of the Commission of the Energy regulation (CRE). (A.L.B.)

  9. No 2160. Report made on behalf of the commission of economic affairs, environment and territory about the project of energy orientation law, modified by the Senate (no 1669); No 2160. Rapport fait au nom de la Commission des Affaires Economiques, de l'Environnement et du Territoire sur le projet de loi, modifie par le Senat (no1669), d'orientation sur l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poignant, S

    2005-03-15

    This report presents the modifications added by the French Senate to the project of energy orientation law proposed by the house of commons. The aim of this law is the definition of the French energy policy taking into account the new challenges of global warming, technology developments and liberalization of energy markets. The modifications are analyzed article by article for the 4 titles of the law: national energy strategy and mastery of energy demand, renewable energy sources, equilibrium and quality of power transport and distribution systems, various dispositions. (J.S.)

  10. Report made on behalf of the commission of economic affairs and Plan about the project of energy orientation law, adopted in second lecture with modifications by the house of commons; Rapport fait au nom de la commission des affaires economiques et du plan (1), sur le projet de loi d'orientation sur l'energie, adopte avec modifications par l'assemblee nationale en deuxieme lecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document is the report made by Mr. H. Revol, Deputy, about the project of energy orientation law adopted by the house of commons in second lecture, after its examination by the commission of economic affairs and by the Plan. This project of law aims at fixing the main principles of the French energy policy for the next decades. It foresees: the re-launching of the French nuclear program (building of an experimental European pressurized reactor (EPR)), the reinforcement of the mastery of energy demand (3% per year, creation of energy saving certificates and reinforcement of buildings energy efficiency rules), and the sustain of renewable energies development. This document summarizes the modifications proposed by the commission for each article of the project of law before its adoption by the Senate. In the second part of the document, four columns present in parallel: the text adopted in first lecture by the House of Commons, the text adopted in first lecture by the Senate, the text adopted by the House of Commons in second lecture and the proposals of the commission. (J.S.)

  11. The equity of the initial allocation of the greenhouse gases releases permits to firms: an approach of the public choice by the moral philosophy and the economic analysis; L'equite de l'allocation initiale de permis d'emission negociables de gaz a effet de serre a des entreprises: un eclairage du choix public par la philosophie morale et l'analyse economique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leseur, A

    2004-10-15

    In order to fight against the climatic change, the European directive 87/2003 provides for 2005 the adoption of a European market of negotiable releases permits but entrusts each state with choosing the method of permits allocation to the concerned domestic firms. Underwriting the reaching of the aim of pollution abatement in minimizing the global costs developed, the permits market is an economical tool of environmental policy chose for this double efficiency. But on which criteria determine the initial allocation? One of the most pertinent referents is the equity. What are the requirements for this in this situation? Seizing on this question, the thesis considers the contribution that can bring the moral and political philosophy, in particular the theories of the distributive justice, taking into account of two important aspects of the problem: 1)the property to distribute has particular characteristics, particularly the negotiability; 2)the attributing agents are firms and not the physical persons. In the first part, the thesis reveals, via the economical analysis, the operation of a permit competitive market and identifies the stakes, both at the pollution decision level than of the firms production in various contexts of market, and at those of the input or output decisions. In the second part, this work deals with the justice theories. The approach consists at first to establish their relevance showing that a firm can be considered as a moral entity, and be subject of duties and rights. Then, the question is to adapt the theories argumentation to this entity. This work emphasizes particularly the idea of a right to the chances equality for the competitiveness. It is then in the tension between this right and the duty to comply with the environmental policy that is found the equitable allocation. (O.M.)

  12. The equity of the initial allocation of the greenhouse gases releases permits to firms: an approach of the public choice by the moral philosophy and the economic analysis; L'equite de l'allocation initiale de permis d'emission negociables de gaz a effet de serre a des entreprises: un eclairage du choix public par la philosophie morale et l'analyse economique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leseur, A

    2004-10-15

    In order to fight against the climatic change, the European directive 87/2003 provides for 2005 the adoption of a European market of negotiable releases permits but entrusts each state with choosing the method of permits allocation to the concerned domestic firms. Underwriting the reaching of the aim of pollution abatement in minimizing the global costs developed, the permits market is an economical tool of environmental policy chose for this double efficiency. But on which criteria determine the initial allocation? One of the most pertinent referents is the equity. What are the requirements for this in this situation? Seizing on this question, the thesis considers the contribution that can bring the moral and political philosophy, in particular the theories of the distributive justice, taking into account of two important aspects of the problem: 1)the property to distribute has particular characteristics, particularly the negotiability; 2)the attributing agents are firms and not the physical persons. In the first part, the thesis reveals, via the economical analysis, the operation of a permit competitive market and identifies the stakes, both at the pollution decision level than of the firms production in various contexts of market, and at those of the input or output decisions. In the second part, this work deals with the justice theories. The approach consists at first to establish their relevance showing that a firm can be considered as a moral entity, and be subject of duties and rights. Then, the question is to adapt the theories argumentation to this entity. This work emphasizes particularly the idea of a right to the chances equality for the competitiveness. It is then in the tension between this right and the duty to comply with the environmental policy that is found the equitable allocation. (O.M.)

  13. Report made on behalf of the commission of economical affairs, of environment and of territory about the proposal of law (no. 2011) from M. Jean-Pierre Kucheida creating a universal energy covering for underprivileged people; Rapport fait au nom de la commission des affaires economiques, de l'environnement et du territoire sur la proposition de loi (no. 2011) de M. Jean-Pierre Kucheida, creant une couverture energetique universelle pour les personnes defavorisees

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    Each year, tenths of thousands of underprivileged French people are deprived of the most elementary comfort which is the access to electric power or gas, because they can no longer pay their energy bill. The aim of the proposal of law from M. J.P. Kucheida is to establish a universal energy covering and to organize its financing by the national solidarity fund. This report recalls, first, the legal background of the necessity of an effective warranty of energy supply and, then, demonstrates the necessity of the re-establishment of a financing system based on the national solidarity in particular in the context of a progressive privatization of energy utilities. Finally, the proceedings of the examination of the proposal by the commission are reported. (J.S.)

  14. Report made on behalf of the commission of economic affairs, of environment and of the territory about the proposal of law, adopted by the Senate, relative to electricity and natural gas regulated tariffs; Rapport fait au nom de la Commission des Affaires Economiques, de l'Environnement et du Territoire sur la proposition de loi, adoptee par le Senat, relative aux tarifs reglementes d'electricite et de gaz naturel (n.238)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-12-15

    This report aims at filling up some gaps in the French legislation relative to the determination of electricity and natural gas regulated tariffs and to the beneficiaries of these tariffs. It makes a synthesis of four proposals of law dealing with: the possibility for end-users and small companies to benefit again of the regulated electricity prices (proposals no 369 and 149), the permission of reversibility in the exercise of the rights relative to the eligibility for the purchase of electric power (proposal no 427), and the preservation of households' purchasing power by keeping up the regulated prices of electricity and natural gas (proposal no 462). The different articles are examined and some amendments are proposed by the commission. (J.S.)

  15. Opening talk of M. Gerard Larcher, head of the commission of economic affairs of the French senate, given at the colloquium 'Energy: which French policy for the new legislative body?'; Allocution de M. Gerard Larcher, president de la commission des affaires economiques du Senat, prononcee en ouverture du colloque 'Energie: quelle politique francaise pour la nouvelle legislature?'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larcher, G. [Ministere de l' Economie, des Finances et de l' Industrie, 75 - Paris (France). Direction Generale de L' Energie et des Matieres Premieres

    2002-07-01

    In his talk, G. Larcher presents his vision of a viable energy policy for France and Europe taking into consideration some fundamental goals: a diversified energy supply independent of economical and strategical hazards with reasonable energy prices and respectful of the environment and of the Kyoto protocol, a deregulation policy which will not suffer from an irrational competition, and a sustainable evolution for the French historical gas and electric utilities (GdF and EdF). (J.S.)

  16. No 2160. Report made on behalf of the commission of economic affairs, environment and territory about the project of energy orientation law, modified by the Senate (no 1669); No 2160. Rapport fait au nom de la Commission des Affaires Economiques, de l'Environnement et du Territoire sur le projet de loi, modifie par le Senat (no1669), d'orientation sur l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poignant, S

    2005-03-15

    This report presents the modifications added by the French Senate to the project of energy orientation law proposed by the house of commons. The aim of this law is the definition of the French energy policy taking into account the new challenges of global warming, technology developments and liberalization of energy markets. The modifications are analyzed article by article for the 4 titles of the law: national energy strategy and mastery of energy demand, renewable energy sources, equilibrium and quality of power transport and distribution systems, various dispositions. (J.S.)

  17. Report realized on behalf of the economic affairs, the environment and the territory commission on the law project, after urgency declaration, of the program relative to the sustainable management of materials and radioactive wastes; Rapport fait au nom de la commission des affaires economiques, de l'environnement et du territoire sur le projet de loi, apres declaration d'urgence, de programme relatif a la gestion des matieres et des dechets radioactifs (n. 2977)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birraux, C

    2006-03-15

    In 1991 the France decided to intensify its researches in the high activity radioactive wastes management domain. The law of the 30 December 1991 relative to the radioactive wastes management, decided that a period of 15 years would be devoted to the research of very long dated solutions. Taking into account these researches, a law project has been composed. After a recall of the today situation of radioactive materials and wastes in France and the knowledge since 1991, this document presents the law project. (A.L.B.)

  18. Information derived from French studies and achievements in the field of uranium isotope separation; Enseignements tires des etudes et realisations francaises relatives a la separation des isotopes de l'uranium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frejacques, C; Galley, R [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-07-01

    The work carried out in the field of uranium isotope separation, by gaseous diffusion and by ultracentrifugation, is reviewed. An economic estimate of the various parameters involved in the cost is given, and it is shown that only very large gaseous diffusion plants, corresponding to a programme of enriched uranium reactors of at least 4000 MWe to be installed yearly, can give an economically acceptable enriched uranium production. (authors) [French] La communication passe en revue les realisations effectuees dans le domaine de la separation des isotopes de l'uranium, par diffusion gazeuse et par ultracentrifugation. Elle donne une estimation economique des differents parametres intervenant dans les couts et met en evidence que seules les tres grandes usines de diffusion gazeuse, correspondant a un programme d'installation de reacteurs a uranium enrichi d'au moins 4000 MWe nouveaux par an, peuvent conduire a des productions d'uranium enrichi economiquement acceptables. (auteurs)

  19. Grandeur et tentation de la medecine

    CERN Document Server

    Bernard, J

    1980-01-01

    Jean BERNARD est ne a Paris en 1907. Il fait ses etudes a la Faculte des Sciences et de Medecine. Il a consacre une oeuvre considerable aux developpements des recherches et des connaissances sur les causes et les traitements des maladies du sang. Ses principaux travaux sont sur les leucemies. La medecine a plus change pendant les 40 dernieres annees que pendant les 40 siecles precedents. Certains de ces progres meritent une analyse particuliere. Les echecs ou les demi-echecs doivent etre examines. Les voies futures de la recherche biologique et medicale sont pour une large part inspires par ces echecs. Les consequences economiques et sociales des progres de la medecine : economiques, les depenses de la sante croissant plus que le produit national brut. Les remedes efficaces doivent etre discutes. Morales, avec les trois maitrises a acquise ou va acquerir, maitrise de l'heredite, maitrise de la reproduction, maitrise du systeme nerveux.

  20. Programme de bourses de recherche sur le changement climatique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Une faculté d'adaptation limitée est souvent reconnue comme l'un des principaux facteurs de vulnérabilité aux changements climatiques. Le programme Adaptation aux changements climatiques en Afrique (ACCA) du CRDI vise à aider les sociétés africaines à faire face aux changements climatiques. Cette subvention ...

  1. Publications | Page 40 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Amérique du Nord et de l'Europe pour inclure maintenant un plus grand nombre d'établissements de recherche africains. Activité antérieure : Le CRDI au Congrès mondial sur la santé publique 2015. Le 14e Congrès mondial sur la santé publique ...

  2. Hibiscus sabdari

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) is a malvaceae cultivated mainly for food and manufacture of textile fibers. ... confection d'un jus délicieux appelé « bissap » ... sorgho. La production africaine ne représente qu'environ 2 % de la production mondiale de fibres textiles. Les travaux conduits sur cette plante en Afrique ont ...

  3. Renforcement des capacités en Afrique en matière d'indicateurs de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    innovation. En 2003, le CRDI a financé l'établissement du Forum africain sur la science et la technologie pour le développement (AFSTD) par le Nouveau partenariat pour le développement de l'Afrique (NEPAD) dans le cadre du projet no 102135.

  4. Editorial

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of Reproductive Health (Revue africaine de la santé de ... comme une évidence de la persécution sociale continue ... La littérature est remplie de beaucoup de ... de reproduction et Doyen, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin,.

  5. 12 Layout PPP adjusted.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nubidga

    âge. Pan-africain et se caractérise par une association de roches plutoniques et volcaniques diversifiées. L'étude géochimique des éléments majeurs, des éléments traces et des terres rares montre l'appartenance des roches à la série ...

  6. 12 CFR 204.125 - Foreign, international, and supranational entities referred to in §§ 204.2(c)(1)(iv)(E) and 204.8...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...'Afrique del'Ouest. Conseil de l'Entente. East African Community. Organisation Commune Africaine et Malagache. Organization of African Unity. Union des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale. Union Douaniere et... American General Treaty of Economic Integration. River Plate Basin Commission. Africa African Development...

  7. morocco : tous les projets | Page 4 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... informatiques pour l'usage des universités nord africaines. Date de début : 7 mars 2006. End Date: 30 mars 2008. Sujet: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS, COMPUTER PROGRAMS, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITIES. Région: North of Sahara, South of Sahara, Morocco.

  8. Résultats de recherche | Page 106 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Centre d'innovation pour la résilience de l'Afrique de l'Est. D'ici 2025, la pauvreté sera essentiellement concentrée dans les pays africains à faible revenu touchés par des conflits et de la violence. Projet.

  9. LALIGENS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ESSOH GRACE

    10 mai 2015 ... Department of Modern Languages and Translation Studies ... déjà, les écrivaines africaines font vocation de s'ériger en porte-parole de leurs sœurs ..... they may be unwilling to make sacrifices in favour of women. It therefore ...

  10. African Journal of Neurological Sciences - 2009 Vol. 28 No 1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HISTOIRE DU FOYER DE LA TRYPANOSOMOSE HUMAINE AFRICAINE DE NOLA EN REPUBLIQUE. CENTRAFRICAINE, DE 1971 à 2004. HISTORY OF HUMAN AFRICAN TRYPANOSOMIASIS OF NOLA IN CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC,. FROM 1971 TO 2004. MBELESSO Pascal 1. KOONA-KOONA Joseph Adonis ...

  11. Publications | Page 160 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    africain. Il y a deux ans, le Centre de recherches pour le développement ... African Youth on the Information Highway : Participation and Leadership in Community Development. Tout comme elle l'a fait dans le Nord industrialisé, la révolution de ...

  12. Résultats de recherche | Page 420 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    africain. Publication Date. 1 janvier 1996. Livres ... African Youth on the Information Highway : Participation and Leadership in Community Development. Tout comme elle l'a fait dans le Nord industrialisé, la révolution de l'information pourrait très ...

  13. Publications | Page 162 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    africain. Il y a deux ans, le Centre de recherches pour le développement ... African Youth on the Information Highway : Participation and Leadership in Community Development. Tout comme elle l'a fait dans le Nord industrialisé, la révolution de ...

  14. Explanatory models of mental disorders and treatment practices ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: Key Words: Explanatory models; Traditional healers; Mental illness; South AfricaIn many traditional belief systems in Africa, including South Africa, mental health problems may be attributed to the influence of ancestors or to bewitchment. Traditional healers are viewed as having the expertise to address these ...

  15. Contribution à l'étude des dynamiques identitaires obliques

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conseil pour le développement de la recherche en sciences sociales en Afrique, ... spécifiques, la plupart des continuateurs des études post-coloniales ont eu à ... sociaux et Internet dans les rapports qu'établissent les jeunes Africains avec.

  16. Le Centre d'innovation pour la résilience de l'Afrique de l'Est | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    D'ici 2025, la pauvreté sera essentiellement concentrée dans les pays africains à faible revenu touchés par des conflits et de la violence. ... International Water Resources Association, in close collaboration with IDRC, is holding a webinar titled “Climate change and adaptive water management: Innovative solutions from the ...

  17. kenya : tous les projets | Page 9 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    efficacité des interventions à caractère électronique pour ce qui est de relier les agriculteurs africains aux marchés (eARN Africa). Projet. Les études semblent indiquer que les technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) comportent ...

  18. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 100 of 194 ... Vol 23 (2013), Cosmic tragedy in Steve Chimombo's The Python, Abstract PDF ... to the special issue: Rethinking the humanities in twenty-first century ... soleil qui m'a brûlée et Comment cuisiner son mari à l'africaine de ...

  19. Récupérer l'espoir | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 oct. 2010 ... En octobre 2007, André Casault, professeur d'architecture à l'Université ... du soleil et permettrait un meilleur contrôle de la lumière naturelle et de l'aération. ... Depuis plusieurs années, l'Institut africain de gestion urbaine ...

  20. 131 IDENTITES ET APPRENTISSAGE DES LANGUES ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    22 juin 2017 ... 1Département de Langues Africaines et Linguistique, Faculté des Arts, Lettres et Sciences Humaines,. Université de .... En revanche, une catégorie de répondants estime que la langue ... de s'exposer soi-même. Ils précisent ...

  1. 350-IJBCS-Article-Dr Nombre Issa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Gatsing

    Une enquête "ethnoapicole" menée dans deux zones phytogéographiques du ... extension de l'apiculture moderne dans les zones rurales des pays africains. © 2009 International .... Bees for Development Journal, 65: 9-9. Nombré I. 2003.

  2. : tous les projets | Page 611 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Afrique (LOG-IN Africa) regroupe des chercheurs et des universités de neuf pays africains. Date de début : 20 janvier 2006. End Date: 5 juillet 2010. Sujet: LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, ...

  3. Lomé et ses environs (Togo) : inondations et évolution du littoral ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    africaines, connaît un développement démographique important. Elle s'est agrandie considérablement et les nouveaux arrivants ont construit leurs habitations dans les zones marginales sans aménagements préalables : plusieurs quartiers se ...

  4. 1701-IJBCS-Article-Camara Mameri

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    d'Ivoire. Agronomie Africaine, 19(2):. 173-185. Gamouh A. 2005. Effets comparés et interactifs des pesticides et facteurs physiques sur la minéralisation de substrats carbonés dans le sol. Bull. Inst. Scientifique Sci. Vie, 26-27. Hartemink AE, O'Sullivan JN. 2001. Leaf litter decomposition of Piper aduncum,. Glyricidia sepium.

  5. South of Sahara | Page 11 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    South of Sahara. Sud du Sahara. Read more about Forum africain de la concurrence : à l'appui de marchés ouverts et concurrentiels. Language French. Read more about Emploi et migration des jeunes en Afrique de l'Ouest. Language French. Read more about Strengthening Research Capacity for Governance and ...

  6. South of Sahara | Page 135 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Language English. Read more about Harambee : Reinforcing African Voices through Collaboration. Language English. Read more about Harambee : affermir les voix africaines par la collaboration. Language French. Read more about Incubateur de petites et microentreprises de technologie (MICTI) - phase III. Language ...

  7. Tanzania | Page 25 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Language English. Read more about Adaptation de collectivités africaines aux changements climatiques. Language French. Read more about Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa. Language English. Read more about Free and Open Source Management Information Systems and Microfinance ...

  8. Employment and Growth | Page 21 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Employment and Growth. Language English. Read more about Social Protection and Labour Market Outcomes of Youth in South Africa. Language English. Read more about Job Creation in African Agriculture. Language English. Read more about Création d'emplois dans l'agriculture africaine. Language French.

  9. : tous les projets | Page 94 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La Tanzanie, à l'instar de la plupart des pays africains, peine à relever certains défis nationaux permanents en matière de nutrition, y compris les carences en vitamines A et en fer. Sujet: CANADA, NUTRITION. Région: Tanzania, Canada. Programme: Agriculture and Food Security. Financement total : CA$ 4,200,208.00.

  10. Plate-forme d'outils en logiciel libre pour l'enseignement supérieur ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    POLLES) vise à mettre en place un réseau d'experts en logiciels libres afin de développer des outils informatiques pour l'usage des universités nord africaines. Trois sortes d'outils seront développées : des logiciels d'infrastructure technologique ...

  11. Globalisation and Social Sciences in Africa | Sawyerr | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 3, No 1 (1999) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Download this PDF file ...

  12. La Concurrence et le développement

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Depuis 2002, le CRDI finance des recherches sur la politique de la concurrence .... Recruter un personnel expert et bien le rémunérer — Les nouvelles autorités ...... propriété par un plus grand nombre de Sud-Africains un objectif stratégique.

  13. Chercheurs et décideurs d'Afrique Quelles synergies pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Document de stratégie de réduction de la pauvreté ... Les politiques de développement de nos pays africains ne peuvent être pérennes que si ...... des médias a favorisé non seulement le recrutement de personnel peu qualifié et non diplômé ...

  14. Le djihadisme au Sahel : enjeux et perspectives

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    religieux, mais aussi dans la vie politique économique et, bien sûr, culturelle ..... vont se charger de propager les idées et de recruter des combattants ou des ..... africaines ont véritablement manqué de stratégie à ce niveau, trop prisonnières.

  15. “Questionnement sur les liens de la recherche avec les autres ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Innocent BUTARE

    aussi une stratégie pour rendre spécifique et compétitive la formation et l' ... universitaire africain est consommateur des résultats de recherches entreprises ailleurs. Ceci ... assurés si l'université ne dispose pas d'une politique de recrutement ...

  16. Initiative régionale pour la lutte contre le tabac en Afrique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Initiative régionale pour la lutte contre le tabac en Afrique - coordination des efforts avec ceux d'organismes africains. Financée par le CRDI et la Fondation Bill et Melinda Gates, l'initiative Analyses situationnelles de la lutte antitabac en Afrique (ASTA) a pour objectif de permettre de comprendre les facteurs déterminants ...

  17. Malaria - Africa's silent tsunami | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... help those in distress was justifiably roused following the Indian Ocean tsunami. ... Now there is a rapid movement to a “culture” or norm of net use. ... At the time, however, virtually all mosquito nets were imported from Asia, ... L'union fait la force : des universités africaines se regroupent pour avoir plus de bande passante.

  18. Lorsque la recherche locale est source de changements véritables ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    18 févr. 2011 ... Les think tanks africains se penchent sur certaines des difficultés les plus ... Lorsque la recherche locale est source de changements véritables en Afrique ... De quel type d'information les acteurs de la sphère politique ont-ils ...

  19. De nouveaux vaccins pour animaux pourraient aider davantage d ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    9 juil. 2013 ... Marie-Danielle Smith. Des scientifiques canadiens et africains mettent au point de nouveaux vaccins pour lutter contre les maladies animales et limiter les pertes économiques en Afrique subsaharienne. Certains de ces vaccins pourraient permettre de lutter contre des maladies semblables au Canada.

  20. Diplomatie de Léopold II face aux puissances coloniales en Afrique. Contribution à l'histoire diplomatique du Congo

    OpenAIRE

    Baenda Fimbo, Zacharie

    2011-01-01

    Cet article essaie d'analyser les stratégies diplomatiques du roi Léopold II face aux grandes puissances de l'époque lors du partage du continent africains. Ces stratégies lui ont permis de gagner la Congo au centre de l'Afrique. Peer reviewed