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Sample records for pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides fron

  1. Differentiation and diagnosis of Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides (Fron) Deighton with genomic DNA probes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frei, U; Wenzel, G.

    1993-01-01

    Repetitive genomic clones were used to differentiate between varieties within the species Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides. From 21 clones tested 13 revealed restriction fragment length polymorphisms among isolates. Cluster analysis was performed based on these data. Differentiation of isolate...

  2. The Effect of Silver and Copper Nanoparticles on the Wheat— Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides Pathosystem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belava, V. N.; Panyuta, O. O.; Yakovleva, G. M.; Pysmenna, Y. M.; Volkogon, M. V.

    2017-04-01

    The paper covers the study of the effects of silver (Ag) and copper (Cu) nanoparticles on wheat— Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides pathosystem in general and, separately, on their interaction both with the plant and with the pathogen. Plants, treated with nonionic colloidal solutions of biogenic metal nanoparticles of Ag and Cu, have taken seed treatment as stress and have demonstrated the same changes in the dynamic patterns of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) content as a seedling infection or in its combination with a nanoparticle treatment. The wheat variety, which is sensitive to pathogen action, has showed a substantial (100%) increase in the TBARS contents, while the other varieties has shown lesser (40%) changes in the TBARS content as compared to the control. Besides, both silver and copper nanoparticles have not affected the growth and development of P. herpotrichoides, thus suggesting that the effect of nanoparticles is determined by the plant's responses to the pathogen rather than the phytotoxic action of the copper or silver nanoparticles, at least during the initial stages of the pathological process.

  3. Genome-wide association mapping of resistance to eyespot disease (Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides) in European winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and fine-mapping of Pch1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanke, Christine D; Rodemann, Bernd; Ling, Jie; Muqaddasi, Quddoos H; Plieske, Jörg; Polley, Andreas; Kollers, Sonja; Ebmeyer, Erhard; Korzun, Viktor; Argillier, Odile; Stiewe, Gunther; Zschäckel, Thomas; Ganal, Martin W; Röder, Marion S

    2017-03-01

    Genotypes with recombination events in the Triticum ventricosum introgression on chromosome 7D allowed to fine-map resistance gene Pch1, the main source of eyespot resistance in European winter wheat cultivars. Eyespot (also called Strawbreaker) is a common and serious fungal disease of winter wheat caused by the necrotrophic fungi Oculimacula yallundae and Oculimacula acuformis (former name Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides). A genome-wide association study (GWAS) for eyespot was performed with 732 microsatellite markers (SSR) and 7761 mapped SNP markers derived from the 90 K iSELECT wheat array using a panel of 168 European winter wheat varieties as well as three spring wheat varieties and phenotypic evaluation of eyespot in field tests in three environments. Best linear unbiased estimations (BLUEs) were calculated across all trials and ranged from 1.20 (most resistant) to 5.73 (most susceptible) with an average value of 4.24 and a heritability of H 2 = 0.91. A total of 108 SSR and 235 SNP marker-trait associations (MTAs) were identified by considering associations with a -log10 (P value) ≥3.0. Significant MTAs for eyespot-score BLUEs were found on chromosomes 1D, 2A, 2D, 3D, 5A, 5D, 6A, 7A and 7D for the SSR markers and chromosomes 1B, 2A, 2B, 2D, 3B and 7D for the SNP markers. For 18 varieties (10.5%), a highly resistant phenotype was detected that was linked to the presence of the resistance gene Pch1 on chromosome 7D. The identification of genotypes with recombination events in the introgressed genomic segment from Triticum ventricosum harboring the Pch1 resistance gene on chromosome 7DL allowed the fine-mapping of this gene using additional SNP markers and a potential candidate gene Traes_7DL_973A33763 coding for a CC-NBS-LRR class protein was identified.

  4. Herbal remedies used by residents of the urban areas fron city of Bandeirantes, Paraná, Brazil/ Plantas medicinais utilizadas na medicina popular por moradores da área urbana de Bandeirantes, PR, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Chau Ming

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study had the objective of collecting data about herbal remedies from residents of the central urban area fron the city of Bandeirantes, Paraná. The data were collected from February to December 2003, through interviews done with people aging over 40 years old, chosen considering the knowledge about the medical use of herbal species, based on indication done by local residents. The interviews were kept using a form with questions related to the interviewed one and to the herbal medicine mentioned. Each interview was recorded using a cassette recorder and pictures for a later transcription. Vegetal samples were collected as often as possible and the samples were herborized, then exsicats were prepared for later botanical identification. After the identifications, the exsicats were incorporated to the herbaceous border of FALM Botanical Garden (Faculdades Luiz Meneghel, Bandeirantes, Paraná. 31 plants (herbal remedies were indicated, distributed among 19 families. The Lamiaceae contributed with the highest number of species, followed by Rosacea, Asteraceae and Euphorbiaceae. Leafs were the most used part for the medical preparation and the most common way of preparation was the infusion. The most mentioned therapeutic indications were: headaches, stomachahes, fever, stomach cramps and infection.O presente estudo teve por objetivo levantar o conhecimento a respeito de plantas medicinais dos moradores da área urbana central do município de Bandeirantes-PR. Os dados foram coletados no período de fevereiro a dezembro de 2003, através de entrevistas feitas com mulheres, com idade acima de 40 anos, selecionadas pelo seu conhecimento sobre o uso medicinal de espécies vegetais. As entrevistas foram realizadas através de formulários pré-estruturados, com questões referentes ao entrevistado e à planta citada. Cada entrevista foi registrada com o auxílio de gravador e fotografias para evitar perdas de informações. Foram coletadas

  5. Acquired resistance to systemic fungicides of Septoria nodorum and Cercosporella herpotrichoides in cereals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Horsten, J.A.H.M.

    1979-01-01

    Since the introduction of the systemic fungicides in the sixties, the phenomenon of resistance to these compounds has become a serious problem in the control of fungal plant diseases. The aim of this study was to contribute to the knowledge about the consequences of fungicide applications in cereals

  6. Fronésis a svobodné rozhodnutí

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Boháček, Kryštof

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 71, č. 5 (2016), s. 389-400 ISSN 0046-385X Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Aristotle's moral psychology * Free decision * Phronesis * Proairesis * Nicomachean Ethics * Rhetoric * Alasdair McIntyre * Isaiah Berlin Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0259922

  7. Anastilosis de la Scaenae Frons del Teatro Romano de Itálica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Pinto Puerto

    2012-11-01

    como en los criterios adoptados. Con estas reflexiones pretendemos delimitar el territorio conceptual y metodológico en el que se desenvuelve este proyecto que comienza en la investigación sobre el objeto y la elaboración de un modelo infográfico y terminará en su futura materialización.

  8. Biodiversity Business fron India to Peru; Insights into successes and chellenges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vollaard, B.; Verweij, P.A.

    2013-01-01

    The Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development recently released the report 'Biodiversity Business from India to Peru'. The study, commissioned by Hivos, provides new insights in the impacts and success factors of the upcoming concept of biodiversity-friendly enterprise across the globe. By

  9. New species of Pavonia section Malvaviscoides (Malvaceae fron Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Krapovickas

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Four new species are described: P. cabraliana, P. cristaliana, P. graomogoliana and P. Occhionii and the new name, P. velvetiana, is proposed for P. viscosa var. velutina from Minas Gerais, Brazil. A key for the species of the section Malvaviscoides from Minas Gerais is also included.

  10. Implications of the PRI´S Firsth Presidential Primary. A view fron Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven Barraca

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo investiga las percepciones de los votantes en la primera elección del PRI para elegir candidato a la presidencia, llevada a cabo el 7 de noviembre de 1999. Una encuesta de salida realizada el día de la elección en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, indica que la mayoría de los votantes percibían las elecciones bien organizadas, transparentes y honestas, aunque estas percepciones variaron significativamente de acuerdo a las simpatías hacia el candidato y al partido. Los resultados de la encuesta de salida sugieren que el PRI se beneficiaría con la elección al reforzar el apoyo electoral de su base y entre los votantes independientes. Esta situación era crucial para el PRI en Chihuahua dada la competitividad y el fluido ambiente bipartidista en el estado. A nivel nacional, al ayudar a solidificar su base, la elección fue un factor que posiblemente contribuyó a que el PRI obtuviera pluralidad en el Senado y en la Cámara de Diputados en las elecciones de julio del 2000.

  11. Mortality, morbidity, and complications in 3344 patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators: results fron the German ICD Registry EURID.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gradaus, Rainer; Block, Michael; Brachmann, Johannes; Breithardt, Günter; Huber, Hans G; Jung, Werner; Kranig, Wolfgang; Mletzko, Ralph U; Schoels, Wolfgang; Seidl, Karlheinz; Senges, Jochen; Siebels, Jürgen; Steinbeck, Gerhard; Stellbrink, Christoph; Andresen, Dietrich

    2003-07-01

    ICDs are the therapy of choice in patients with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Mortality, morbidity, and complication rates including appropriate and inappropriate therapies are unknown when ICDs are used in routine medical care and not in well-defined patients included in multicenter trials. Therefore, the data of 3,344 patients (61.1 +/- 12.1 years; 80.2% men; CAD 64.6%, dilated cardiomyopathy 18.9%; NYHA Class I-III: 19.1%, 54.3%, 20.1%, respectively; LVEF > 0.50: 0.234, LVEF 0.30-0.50: 0.472, LVEF < 0.30: 0.293, respectively) implanted in 62 German hospitals between January 1998 and October 2000 were prospectively collected and analyzed as a part of the European Registry of Implantable Defibrillators (EURID Germany). The 1-year survival rate was 93.5%. Patients in NYHA Class III and aLVEF < 0.30 had a lower survival rate than patients in NYHA Class I and a preserved LVEF (0.852 vs 0.975,P = 0.0001). Including the 1-year follow-up, 49.5% of patients had an intervention by the ICD, 39.8% had appropriate ICD therapies, 16.2% had inappropriate therapies. Overall, 1,691 hospital readmissions were recorded. The main causes for hospital readmissions were ventricular arrhythmias (61.3%) and congestive heart failure symptoms (12.9%). Thus, demographic data and mortality of patients treated with an ICD in conditions of standard medical care seems to be comparable and based on, or congruent with, the large secondary preventions trials. When ICDs are used in standard medical care, the 1-year survival rate is high, especially in patients with NYHA Class I and preserved LVEF. However, nearly half of all patients suffer from ICD intervention.

  12. Evidence for a function of calcium influx in the stimulation of hormone release fron the parathyroid gland in the goat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hove, K; Sand, O

    1981-09-01

    The acute effects of various drugs on the release of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in goats were studied by local infusions in vivo. Infusions of Ca2+ or Sr2+ reduced the PTH secretion rate, whereas hypocalcemia induced by EDTA increased the PTH release. Blockers of voltage sensitive Ca2+ channels (verapamil, D-600 and nifedipine) lowered the PTH secretion rate, while infusion of 4-aminopyridine, which is a blocker of voltage sensitive K+ channels, increased the PTH release. These effects were not due to altered beta-adrenergic tonus, since the effects persisted when the drugs were administered during continuous infusion of the beta-blocker propranolol. We suggest that the parathyroid cells possess voltage sensitive K+ and Ca2+ channels, and that exocytosis of stored PTH depends on the influx of extracellular Ca2+ as in other secretory cells. In order to explain the inverse relationship between the plasma Ca2+ level and the PTH release, we postulate a suppressive effect of the plasma Ca2+ on the membrane permeability to Ca2+ in parathyroid cells.

  13. Selected data fron continental scientific drilling core holes VC-1 and VC-2a, Valles Caldera, New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Musgrave, J.A.; Goff, F.; Shevenell, L.; Trujillo, P.E. Jr.; Counce, D.; Luedemann, G.; Garcia, S.; Dennis, B.; Hulen, J.B.; Janik, C.; Tomei, F.A.

    1989-02-01

    This report presents geochemical and isotopic data on rocks and water and wellbore geophysical data from the Continental Scientific Drilling Program core holes VC-1 and VC-2a, Valles Caldera, New Mexico. These core holes were drilled as a portion of a broader program that seeks to answer fundamental questions about magma, water/rock interactions, ore deposits, and volcanology. The data in this report will assist the interpretation of the hydrothermal system in the Jemez Mountains and will stimulate further research in magmatic processes, hydrothermal alteration, ore deposits, hydrology, structural geology, and hydrothermal solution chemistry. 37 refs., 36 figs., 28 tabs.

  14. Chico Pereira, Ganador del Premio Cinematográfico de la Agencia Europea para la Seguridad y la Salud en el Trabajo con el largometraje "El Invierno de Pablo" The Film "Pablo's Winter" of Chico Pereira, Winner of the film award fron the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores Limón Tamés

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La Agencia Europea para la Seguridad y la Salud en el Trabajo (EU-OSHA organiza cada año el Festival de Cine Documental de Leipzig (DOK, Leipzig en el que se otorga el Premio Cinematográfico "Lugares de Trabajo Saludables" al documental que destaque como promotor del debate y la reflexión entre los ciudadanos europeos sobre la importancia de la seguridad y la salud en el trabajo. Este año 2012, el Premio ha sido otorgado al largometraje "El invierno de Pablo" del director español Chico Pereira, que narra la cruda historia de Pablo, un minero jubilado que trabajó extrayendo cinabrio durante 30 años y que actualmente presenta unos pulmones y un corazón seriamente dañados como consecuencia de la continua exposición al sulfuro de mercurio. En España, la Red Española de Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, coordinada por el Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, organizará durante 2013 sesiones de cine forum en la que se podrán visionar las películas ganadoras del Certamen Cinematográfico "Lugares de Trabajo Saludables", como actividad divulgativa para el debate y la promoción de la cultura preventiva.The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA is supporting every year the Healthy Workplaces Film Award for the best documentary on work-related topics. The award is presented at the International Leipzig Festival for Documentary and Animated Film (DOK Leipzig. The award honours a documentary film that promotes the importance of workplace health and safety across Europe. The film "Pablo's Winter" won this year the edition, telling the story of a retired miner who had been working during 30 years in an old mercury mine in Spain and currently has his heart and lungs severely damaged as a result of continued exposure to mercury sulfide. In Spain, the Spanish Network of Safety and Health at Work, coordinated by the National Institute of Safety and Health at Work, is organizing during 2013 video screenings of documentary films awarded, as an activity for promoting health and safety at work to encourage preventive culture. Key words: Human Rights, Copyright, authorship, Open Access, Creative Commons.

  15. On a new Longicorn genus and species, belonging to the Agniidae

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neervoort van de Poll, J.R.H.

    1886-01-01

    Caput mediocre, supra angustius; tuberibus antenniferis validis, breviusculis; oculorum lobi inferiores magni, subconvexi. — Frons trapeziformis, subconvexa; mandibulae robustae oblique prominentes. — Antennae ♂ longissimae, scapo, cylindrico, elongato, cicatricoso, articulo tertio longiore,

  16. Synopsis Hymenophyllacearum, Monographiae Hujus Ordinjs Prodromus, auctore R. B. van den Bosch M. D. mit zahlreichen Zusätzen und Abbildungen aus dem Nachlass des Verfassers neu herausgegeben

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goddijn, W.A.

    1913-01-01

    Frons simplex e cellularum consimilium stratis quatuor contexta, costa nulla, venae e basi radiantes furcatae, steriles ante marginem apice incrassato desinentes, fertiles cum vena secundaria marginali confluentes, sori terminales trichomanei, receptaculum crassum aequale teres parumper exsertum. 1.

  17. Effect of Ethrel treatment of wheat on the effectiveness of some fungicides used as seed dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Michniewicz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The grain of winter wheat cv. Grana was treated with the following seed dressings: Baytan 17.5 WS, Oxalin K and Vincit WP and sown in experimental plots. In spring after the appearance of the first node the plants were sprayed with Ethrel solution at a concentration of 1000 mg/dm3. It was stated that Ethrel enhanced the fungistatic effect of the seed dressings with regard to Cercosporella herpotrichoides, Erysiphe graminis and species of the genus Fusarium, while it increased plant infection by Puccinia triticina.

  18. A new species of Eufriesea Cockerell (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Euglossina from northeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz R. R. Faria

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Eufriesea Cockerell (Hymenoptera, Apidae from northeastern Brazil. Eufriesea pyrrhopyga sp. nov. a short-tongued Eufriesea is described as a new species. It can be easily recognized for its predominantly violet lower frons and thorax, violet tergum 1 contrasting with the strong reddish coloration on the lateral portions of terga 2 to 4 and on entire terga 5 and 6, and head pubescence with contrasting colors, white on the lower two-thirds of the face and black on upper frons and vertex. This new species, collected in Recife (Pernambuco, Brazil, apparently is restricted to the Pernambuco endemic center, and seems to be highly endangered.

  19. The History and Implications of Design Standards for Underwater Breathing Apparatus - 1954 to 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-11

    Experimental Diving Unit Technical Memo 11-01. Panama City, Florida: NEDU, 2011. 26 Appendix A: The mathematics behind Predict sofl,vare Below is a MathCad ...used in both Predict and its MathCad implementation come fron1 the n1aximun1 likelihood fitting of bounce and saturation dive outcomes to conditions

  20. Proceedings of the Workshop on Measurement and Analysis of Structural Response in Concrete Armor Units Held in Vicksburg, Mississippi on 23-24 January 1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-01

    COSTLI BSNEIABELSD VENTINGN HUMANO FQTIO SAOE.E SEABEDC Figur ii.S~mp~fie FAUT TR EN SLID FRON Entin o ouetOnIol Nbemudbek aanipl1, Is ee by Nile et a...that is to minimise the total cost ( capital investment plus maintenance cost). This approach is the easiest with regard to model testing but there are

  1. Take-Off and Flight Performance of an A-20A Airplane as Affected by Auxiliary Propulsion Supplied by Liquid Propellant Jet Units

    Science.gov (United States)

    1942-06-30

    investigating a number of »paclal problema that arose fron the specif lention» set up by tba Amy Air forces Materiel Center for a Jet unit suitable for...Regarding Setalla of Vila Analyaie and Calculation«. General 7-JL Take-Off Point 8-A Elevations 10-* Calculation« 10-* Film Analyaie >oric Sheet

  2. Improvement of wear-resistance of solid lubricants by ionic impact

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1993-01-01

    A solid lubricating material, preferentially as a coating, deposited on a substrate surface by conventional technique such as dipping in a suspension, painting, or spraying is bombarded with energetic ions fron an ion accelerator or in a plasma discharge. By such a treatment the wear resistance...... crystalline planes which are parellel to the component surface to be lubricated....

  3. Simulation and Study of High Workload Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-04-25

    CHASE WILKINSON MACNAMARA DISCUSSION To which category of pilots to the figures on flying hours refer? These figures were obtained fron the air...studies on cholesterol levels in the Johns Hopkins medical students: The effect of stress at examinations. J. Chronic Pis., 8:661, 1958. 4. Friedman, M

  4. Anax longipes versus Anax concolor Notes on Odonata of Suriname X

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geijskes, D.C.

    1968-01-01

    Of the American species of Anax characterized by an unmarked frons, A. longipes Hagen (1861) was described from U.S.A. and A. concolor Brauer (1865) from the Amazon in Brazil. But soon after their description HAGEN (1890) was of the opinion that concolor Brauer was only a variety of longipes, in

  5. U.S. EPA, Pesticide Product Label, , 03/11/1986

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ... Any d3'n"Ges drisiClg fro'n .1 bre:lch of t!'lis Wilrr.1,lty sh.1JJ be limited to dir ... Lr' td,'r, \\1{_'~~~1Yt \\\\.:1rbe;g, "ar::-,l"l,dl, 'JC,v,lrl.l, :"-Jor.lk, \\lor ill,I, ()!:f, f ...

  6. Fatigue Lives of Specimens Representing Critical Locations in Mirage III Spars under Australian and Swiss Test Spectra,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-02-01

    short life specimens (BJ tOlD and BJI 5JB) tested at a scaling factor ofŖ.2 where there were multiple initiation sites fron tlie bottom of the chamfer...specimens. the primary fatigue crack development was from multiple initiation along the bore of the bolt hole. leading to a final crack shape

  7. Disease: H00850 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H00850 Frontorhiny Frontorhiny is a recently characterized autosomal recessive fron...am RC, Hoogeboom AJ, Hurst JA, Johnson D, Robinson AA, Scambler PJ, Gerrelli D, Nurnberg P, Mathijssen IM, Wilkie AO Fro...ntorhiny, a distinctive presentation of frontonasal dysplasia caused ...n) Pham NS, Rafii A, Liu J, Boyadjiev SA, Tollefson TT Clinical and genetic characterization of frontorhiny:

  8. Ciliary hair cells and cuticular photoreceptor of the hornet Vespa orientalis as components of a gravity detecting system : an SEM/TEM investigation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jongebloed, WL; Rosenzweig, E; Kalicharan, D; van der Want, JJL; Ishay, JS

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes three types of hair cell configurations with stereo- and kinocilia in the head of the hornet; these were encountered at the vertex and frons regions adjacent to the three ocelli and are assumed to be part of the hornet's gravity detecting system together with cuticular

  9. Archaeological Data Recovery at 31Dh234, Falls Lake Project, Durham County, North Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-01

    fir-e- soil or- clay r- ecover -ed fr-om featur-e andIstr-atified contexts will be carefully r-etr-ieved and packaged in discr-ete, wateror-oor container...number" of individual specimens r- ecover -ed fr-on most "litnic- cer’amic scatter" sites, oarticuiar-iy in preser-vation-ooor contexts like eroded piednont

  10. Evaluating Evaporation with Satellite Thermal Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-11-01

    and Executive S~ury: se attachd Water surface tmiera e can be obtaind fron satellite Ueml remote senir. landsat and other satellite s emitted thermal...values with the lake’s surface temp ~eratuire by performing a linear regression to get an equation, or model, that defines the evaporation for a given...infrared radiation on a regular basis over uxfd of the earth’s surface . Evaporation is acccmplished by the net txansport of mas from the water surface

  11. Neural Network Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-01

    algoritm . More sophisticated modifications of the algorithm have been developed which dc not suffer fron: long I training times for high-dimensional...then one is likely to have dark eyes" is the notion of j o0 imlcain A impie B sotad • )masta fAi rete stu.Ta PA PB PA-B 0 0 1 o 1 1 1 0 0 In other

  12. Target Oriented Drugs against Leishmania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-31

    the surface carboly,4rates of the parasite. LF nas inmunological properties similar to those ,f the intact parasite and may play a role in the...culture system ut iidfli(ii.idii L, Ipira (1) was adapte:d. Peritoneal exudate cellIs (PEC),rnostly *dero1I0)I, -e_)fron L31i mice were harvested 5 days

  13. Medical Effects of Atomic Bombs. The Report of the Joint Commission for the Investigation of the Effects of the Atomic Bomb in Japan; Volume 4. Section 8. Pathology

    Science.gov (United States)

    1951-04-19

    con- * k , - ++Abstracted, i n pnrt , fron "Report of a Case of Monocytric Leucemia Occurring Following the ’Atonic Bonb Diseasetf1 by Ds...ing * om edema and swelling of the c e l l s l i n ing the alveol i . o l i . X 125. (Photo F i l e # IHM 135; A.M.M. Accession #158930-76

  14. The Logistics of Oil Spill Dispersant Application. Volume II. Application Techniques, Stockpiling, Dispersant Selection, Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-11-01

    40 -𔃻. FREQUENCY , SIZE AND LOCATION OF OIL SPILLS.. 41 2. FRACTION OF SPILLED OIL AMENABLE TO DISPERSANTS S1 3. NON-USCG STOCKPILES AND...APPLICATION RATE VS DISTANCE TO SLICK FOR PATTERN LENGTH *4.0 KM 28 DISTANCE FRON BASE *10. KM AREAL DENSITY a 45 LITERS/ NECTARE SLICK/PATTERN RATIO...dispersant itself are not included above. 39 FACTORS IN DISPERSANT STOCKPILING The size, location and replenishment of U.S. Coast Guard stockpiles of

  15. Chemical Laser Solid Fuels Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-12-01

    recorded by a transducer at the inlet to the micronetering valve v*iich was coupled to the gas generator outlet. In Figure 24, a pressure gauge which was...prior to the test using micrometer adjusting metering valves. The regulated supply pres- sure at each micronetering valve was monitored with a pressure...n i, .inn miniuLaii i i. *. for the micronetering valves. Electronic "Linear Mass Flowmeters" fron Matheson* and rotameter-type

  16. The 1984 ARI Survey of Army Recruits: Tabular Description of NPS Army Reserve Guard Accessions. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    TIPS , AND COMMISSIONS). 1 - I HAD NO 1983 EARNINGS 2 - LESS THAN $2,599 A YEAR (LESS THAN $50 A WEEK) 3 - $2,600-$5,199 A YEAR (ABOUT $50-$99 A WEEK...1983 how ouch did you earn (before taxes) fron all the different kinds of work you did? (Include wages, salaries, tips , and coomlsslons). GIVE YOUR...cleaning person, dishwasher, cook, waitress ) A£ TBADE3 OB CBAFTS HOBKEB (Exaaples: mechanic or repairman, baker, plumber, carpenter, painter

  17. A Collection of Papers in the Aerospace Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    l, wdnos~a nsli Iv~svvrmoe i ~vrne n~aj~r fotor V~hcil lt’t’rmill’ Ill dt’e’ o ii1’sII ~ 11’’in tesi Jjiti ratjii Whligle (Ilil ,iti pIlo fron)14...to some dego-e arq extension of ejector investigations reported in References 1 to 3. The basic aim of these investigations was the optimization of

  18. Fatores da administração do sistema penitenciário do Rio de Janeiro que os impedem de cumprirem com sua missão de recuperação do detento?

    OpenAIRE

    Rodriguez Arguelles, Severiano

    1999-01-01

    Since some years ago, the penitentiany systen of Rio de Janeiro is going through the nuest sendus administrative crisis,leading more and more to chaotic situations, over imagined before by homan being. Nowadays all the factors and components of the existing models are still medievaIs, and even distant fron the human needs. The daily life ofthe condemned is a sway betuen lack of hygiene, disrespect to homan rigts, lack of modem corrective practices and also, lack of psycholog...

  19. AGARD (Advisory Group for Aerospace Research & Development) Index of Publications, 1986-1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-08-01

    O N o~ne cli oomal..... Inc 06-020 s, ve"tScit p 31 Non- 1330r Mrcho-vidorish inivolniaiin __uvNcosh-i Pan Asli ro vmecivi M.hamng wedhloo soivs...252 1,18-30463 SCHMIDT, M. RYDER. J. L SAVASKAN. T. Companson baetwe nysy dosryitd IPSD) idois ,A Orang ~e minleeo design eetphat5 Fron -mdtitt useat

  20. The Weldability of Heat-Resisting Alloys (N-102)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1945-12-05

    tho work. Tho granular flux or molt employed «aa Undo Air Pro- Auct8 Company’s Ur.ionmclt Uo, 80 In 20 x 200 noah aizo. Portinont data on tho...25-6 Type nl6 Tync 3I6 TynO 316- Tyne 3I6 Typo 316 W-30 Tlnkon 16-25-6 Vitalliun Typo 3I6 RESTRICTED Re-’. arks Snail crack fron HAZ into fH

  1. Staff numbers: from words to action!

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2006-01-01

    2006 is a decisive year for the definition of needs for human resources and long-term budget for the Organization. The LHC is officially programmed for 31 August 2007; the Director-General has to draw up a â€ワLong-term Plan” (LTP) by the end of the year. This projected programme will specify the needs for staff fron now until 2010 and beyond, in particular in the framework of the completion and running of this unique machine.

  2. The Quadrennial Review of Military Compensation (3rd). Staff Studies and Selected Supporting Papers. Volume 9. Reserve Compensation, Sample Foreign Pay Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-12-01

    to a salary system was $A72. 9 million in a full year as follows: $A34. 1 million, costs arising fron ; estructuring and re.- expression ’ services’ pay...compensation, it considered all elements of military personnel costs that might be argued to be military compensation.p,.- some to separate items...several steps to limit the staff research effort required: • m~ m -" • , ,, i m m m m mm mlmmm II . The majority of minor military manpower cost elements

  3. APORTES PARA EL ESTUDIO DE LA VANGUARDIA BIOLÓGICA LATINOAMERICANA

    OpenAIRE

    Lucía Stubrin

    2014-01-01

    Se busca aquí comprender el objetivo del bioarte a partir de sus características principales, que ejemplifican un modo transdisciplinar de producción de obras. Así, se piensa el lugar del arte frente al corrimiento de las fron- teras tradicionales que lo separan de la ciencia y su relación con el concepto histórico de vanguardia. Se afirma que si la neovanguardia multiplicó el efecto de la vanguardia de ampliar la relación entre arte y vida, el bioarte actualiza una nueva relación con el conc...

  4. Hábitos orales de succión no alimentarios y presencia de caries en niños de 12 a 24 meses

    OpenAIRE

    Gudiño-Fernández, Silvia; Brenes-Gómez, William

    1994-01-01

    Artículo científico -- Universidad de Costa Rica, Instituto de Investigaciones en Salud. 1994 The purpose of the presente research was to measure the relationship between the no alimentary sucking habits and the ocurrence of dental caries in children between 12 and 24 months of age. 205 children with dental caries were compared with 209 children without the illness. The subjects were selected during the year of 1993 fron the external consults of the Program of Health Child in three Health ...

  5. Culto a la Santa Efigenia: la razón étnica y la utopía social

    OpenAIRE

    Arroyo Aguilar, Sabino; Departamento Académico de Antropología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima -Perú. Departamento Académico de Antropología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima -Perú.

    2014-01-01

    This study is about the ways of the culture identification and the ethnic legitimation through the reinvention of the Santa Efigenia’s Wroship, as the only «Santa Morena» from the Cañete valley, from Lima-Perú and, that these last years is incoming as a cultural force or as a religious icon, associated to the history of the afroperuanos fron colonial origin and of the contemporany Andean inmigrants. Likewise, this study explain now the archetypes works in the act escenary in order to ask for ...

  6. Two-Degree-of-Freedom Linear and Planar Mircowave Array Lenses,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-10-01

    ison, [iguie 14c fron ltottin, in Fl t net ,(I s the pAlth 1.!igtii t III .in optilrAlv ’’focused lottnatl InIs. \\0tl1ttut ’ (i t twto-dt’giet- i-t’tt...better,. amx 0E .006 =15* G F .. 004 1.035 G =1.03SF -8~~~ -. 4-2.. 8 N G 1.0S F .-. 002 G0 1 06SF I -004 .006 1 )iloo 2. Palth l’ength I-,ar \\m Ith (Hl

  7. Las lecciones de Chernóbil: Ciencia y tecnología en la sociedad global y el proyecto cosmopolita

    OpenAIRE

    Willy Soto Acosta

    2012-01-01

    El artículo parte de las tres grandes lecciones que dejó la tragedia de Chernóbil. En primer lugar, que las invenciones científicas y tecnológicas pueden escapar del control humano y pueden llegar a re- presentar un riesgo, es decir, un potencial negativo contra la misma humanidad. Segundo, que la ciencia y la tecnología pueden volverse contra el mismo gé- nero humano si no son enmarcadas dentro de un proyecto cosmopolita.Tercero, Chernóbil demostró que los riesgos ecológicos no respetan fron...

  8. International Workshop on Gravel-Bed Rivers. Dynamics of Gravel-Bed Rivers (3rd), held in Firenze - Poggio a Caiano Italy on September 24-28, 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-07-31

    stabilitos. nella valle Missiaga-Bordina, ha sbarrato il corso del Cordevole, dando-origine al lago di Agordo. Talilavvenimenti sulla base delle citate...questa, superficie topog rafica l’attuale (fig. )e’ stato effettuato coni una ptnze’dura informatica denominata DIcVCON. Tale procedura rea- lizza...ie ;elh va Ile M isCiagai-Bordin a tn con fron to tr a detto .a loe n2dio e-- is da ti iniren;ti il. 1rasporto solida in corso di aCq!iisiziorie

  9. Proceedings of the Conference on the Design of Experiments in Army Research Development and Testing (27th) Held at The McKimmon Center for Continuing Education, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina on 21-23 October 1981

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    BOB COMPANIES IN ASSAULT LINK PL.TS IN COLUMN I TTTr TTTT TTTT son Bx BO (50 M 6ETWEeN VEHICI.ES:- BOB BOB BOB 100 M BETWEEN COMPANIEP) Bell BOB IBO ...that the spectral density of fluctuations in terrain (as well as many other physical quantities such as music and speech) vary as 1/f, where f is the...R?, and J7ohn Maprks; 1/If noiŔ °’ in musi.o: Music fr.on I/f noise" Aa oust .SooAm 68(1 ), Jan 78, 258-263. GadeM ?"Wh~ite and brown music

  10. The Effect of Different Doses of X-Irradiation on the Corticosteroid Secretion in Rabbits USSR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1960-06-30

    OTS: 60-11,826 JPRSJ 2929 30 June I960 THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT DOSES OF X-IRRADIATION ON THE COTtTICOSTEROID SECRETION IK RABBITS By V. H...Tuul1 in Patolog ;. Fi2iol. 1 Eksper, Terapiya (Patho- logical Physiology and Experimental Therapy)» Vol. IV, No. 1, I960» p&gss 24-28. — Fron the...prarenal Elands in irradiated rabbits (two) and rats (one) it has been shown that the irradiation substantially changes the nature of secretion

  11. WWMCCS Host to Front End Protocols Specifications Version 1.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-11-05

    cnweg buDRt(cnoldeetISEDR IEdCmmn nn ------ DR I--ING-- ------- of-ls--Trasmi---ERMNATN-- f shig)- I ECTA[ISED acceptable I SNL R C caccept I discard...I IIII -- - - - - -- - - - - RECEIVER valid End Command NULL c end c TAKING7BACK E~ dR "sponse ESTABLISHED Invalid NULL...flericeI o =z P rard vifteNn Serao = xab = IV to -t-- framit end Cp’l- FRONT E*D: 3’ The fron1 end CPI cases a flsing centc erent for eatzenacezel azn seuss

  12. Refinement and Validation of a Three-Dimensional Head-Spine Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-08-01

    towrds the back, and the z axis is positive vertically up~terd (towards the head). The x-z. y-t, and x-y planes correspond to the frontal plaue , the...motion. The sagittal and frontal plaue bending stiffnesses are of the same order, so the sagittal plane curvature uould tend to louer the sagittal...dynes. The sagittal plane bending stiffness is somewhat . loer than the fronLal plane bending stiffness due to the sagintal plaue curvaturos. SThis

  13. Defining Platelet Function During Polytrauma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    Facial Fx Acetabulum Knee Lac 0 0 0 0 jury to Fron R Femur Fx Flail Chest Pulm Hemorrhage 0 0 0 0 ulmonary CoForehead Laabdominal bstric wall hematom...skull base and frontal bone skull fracture , right front Facial TraumResp. Distresachnoid hemLeft C2 pedicle Fx Blunt Cardiac In ck w acute b...FxSternum Fx Scapula Fx ricothyroto l Fx Acetabulum Fx Nasal Bone Fx Xervical Injury Flail Chest Pulm Cont Ptx ulti Muscle Hematoma Pulm Cont Flail Chest

  14. Dicty_cDB: SSD131 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available bits) Value N BF298113 |BF298113.1 060PbD12 Pb cDNA #17, Tommaso Pace, Marta Ponzi, and Clara Frontali Plasm...odium berghei cDNA 5', mRNA sequence. 52 3e-07 3 BF298182 |BF298182.1 061PbD05 Pb cDNA #17, Tommaso Pace, Marta Ponzi, and Clara Fron...NA sequence. 52 3e-07 3 BF295739 |BF295739.1 027PbF11 Pb cDNA #17, Tommaso Pace, Marta Ponzi, and Clara Front

  15. Worldwide Report, Telecommunications Policy, Research and Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-02-29

    the contribution of the National Treasury. That is the real situation we encounter in the company at this time and I believe it must be the first time...INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS in English No 12, Dec 83 pp 123-126 [Article by A. Grachev] [Text] MjnVÄ12? de, eSates fronI 47 states participated in the Fourth :Ses...the program and in this way to cover up American reluctance to render real aid to developing countries through MPRK. As was noted at the meeting

  16. Linear Least Squares Estimates and Nonlinear Means.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-01

    Proof: A:; c(x)dG(x) = Jv IxV’(u)du iG(x) + u) Equation 4.4 follows fron Fubinis Theorem (Lo~ve (1963), p. 135) by inter- changing tile integration...which is deferred until the end of the section, is the following theorem . Theoren 3.1: If ( ) is non-singular, then 8n is a consistent estimate of O(m...sake of completeness it should be noted that the result of Lemma 3.2 and hence the consistency result of Theorem 3.1 holds under the condition that

  17. Naming Potentially Endangered Parasites: Foliicolous Mycobiota of Dimorphandra wilsonii, a Highly Threatened Brazilian Tree Species.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meiriele da Silva

    Full Text Available A survey of foliicolous fungi associated with Dimorphandra wilsonii and Dimorphandra mollis (Fabaceae was conducted in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Dimorphandra wilsonii is a tree species native to the Brazilian Cerrado that is listed as critically endangered. Fungi strictly depending on this plant species may be on the verge of co-extinction. Here, results of the pioneering description of this mycobiota are provided to contribute to the neglected field of microfungi conservation. The mycobiota of D. mollis, which is a common species with a broad geographical distribution that co-occurs with D. wilsonii, was examined simultaneously to exclude fungal species occurring on both species from further consideration for conservation because microfungi associated with D. wilsonii should not be regarded as under threat of co-extinction. Fourteen ascomycete fungal species were collected, identified, described and illustrated namely: Byssogene wilsoniae sp. nov., Geastrumia polystigmatis, Janetia dimorphandra-mollis sp. nov., Janetia wilsoniae sp. nov., Johansonia chapadiensis, Microcalliopsis dipterygis, Phillipsiella atra, Piricauda paraguayensis, Pseudocercospora dimorphandrae sp. nov., Pseudocercosporella dimorphandrae sp. nov., Ramichloridiopsis wilsoniae sp. and gen. nov., Stomiopeltis suttoniae, Trichomatomyces byrsonimae and Vesiculohyphomyces cerradensis. Three fungi were exclusively found on D. wilsonii and were regarded as potentially threatened of extinction: B. wilsoniae, J. wilsoniae and R. wilsoniae.

  18. Exploration of cultivable fungal communities in deep coal-bearing sediments from ∼1.3 to 2.5 km below the ocean floor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chang-Hong; Huang, Xin; Xie, Tian-Ning; Duan, Ning; Xue, Ya-Rong; Zhao, Tan-Xi; Lever, Mark A; Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe; Inagaki, Fumio

    2017-02-01

    Although subseafloor sediments are known to harbour a vast number of microbial cells, the distribution, diversity, and origins of fungal populations remain largely unexplored. In this study, we cultivated fungi from 34 of 47 deep coal-associated sediment samples collected at depths ranging from 1289 to 2457 m below the seafloor (mbsf) off the Shimokita Peninsula, Japan (1118 m water depth). We obtained a total of 69 fungal isolates under strict contamination controls, representing 61 Ascomycota (14 genera, 23 species) and 8 Basidiomycota (4 genera, 4 species). Penicillium and Aspergillus relatives were the most dominant genera within the Ascomycetes, followed by the members of genera Cladosporium, Hamigera, Chaetomium, Eutypella, Acremonium, Aureobasidium, Candida, Eurotium, Exophiala, Nigrospora, Bionectria and Pseudocercosporella. Four Basidiomycota species were identified as genera Schizophyllum, Irpex, Bjerkandera and Termitomyces. Among these isolates, Cladosporium sphaerospermum and Aspergillus sydowii relatives were isolated from a thin lignite coal-sandstone formation at 2457 mbsf. Our results indicate that these cultivable fungal populations are indigenous, originating from past terrigenous environments, which have persisted, possibly as spores, through ∼20 million years of depositional history. © 2017 Society for Applied Microbiology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. Naming Potentially Endangered Parasites: Foliicolous Mycobiota of Dimorphandra wilsonii, a Highly Threatened Brazilian Tree Species

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Meiriele; Pinho, Danilo B.; Pereira, Olinto L.; Fernandes, Fernando M.; Barreto, Robert W.

    2016-01-01

    A survey of foliicolous fungi associated with Dimorphandra wilsonii and Dimorphandra mollis (Fabaceae) was conducted in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Dimorphandra wilsonii is a tree species native to the Brazilian Cerrado that is listed as critically endangered. Fungi strictly depending on this plant species may be on the verge of co-extinction. Here, results of the pioneering description of this mycobiota are provided to contribute to the neglected field of microfungi conservation. The mycobiota of D. mollis, which is a common species with a broad geographical distribution that co-occurs with D. wilsonii, was examined simultaneously to exclude fungal species occurring on both species from further consideration for conservation because microfungi associated with D. wilsonii should not be regarded as under threat of co-extinction. Fourteen ascomycete fungal species were collected, identified, described and illustrated namely: Byssogene wilsoniae sp. nov., Geastrumia polystigmatis, Janetia dimorphandra-mollis sp. nov., Janetia wilsoniae sp. nov., Johansonia chapadiensis, Microcalliopsis dipterygis, Phillipsiella atra, Piricauda paraguayensis, Pseudocercospora dimorphandrae sp. nov., Pseudocercosporella dimorphandrae sp. nov., Ramichloridiopsis wilsoniae sp. and gen. nov., Stomiopeltis suttoniae, Trichomatomyces byrsonimae and Vesiculohyphomyces cerradensis. Three fungi were exclusively found on D. wilsonii and were regarded as potentially threatened of extinction: B. wilsoniae, J. wilsoniae and R. wilsoniae. PMID:26910334

  20. Contribution to the formulation of a proposal of interest since the síntesis gimnastics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Husson

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Resuilt the gimnastics history allthough since a short summary, let us think about it like a significant "synthesis" about man corporal acts. In the face of the risk that the gimnastics runs of being banalize a like a consumption object that answer to the fashion or " to the market needs" and to be forgotten its rol of "transmitters" of the corporal culture that desever to be known, it is necessary a concept that universalize in only a proposal most schools and past trends with others ones that start to be. This suppone to move away fron the tendency that stereotype the movements fron an unique focus and to begin since a gimnastics understood like a synthesis of own man corporal history, that knowing respect the own students interests and needs, lets them settle an appropiate relation with theirs own bodies. Proposals haven't still been mentionated in this work neither classified but deserve to be considerated every time we let us think about gimnastics like a space where everything remains to make and discover

  1. Interoperable Technologies for Advanced Petascale Simulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Xiaolin [SUNY at Stony Brook

    2013-01-14

    Our final report on the accomplishments of ITAPS at Stony Brook during period covered by the research award includes component service, interface service and applications. On the component service, we have designed and implemented a robust functionality for the Lagrangian tracking of dynamic interface. We have migrated the hyperbolic, parabolic and elliptic solver from stage-wise second order toward global second order schemes. We have implemented high order coupling between interface propagation and interior PDE solvers. On the interface service, we have constructed the FronTier application programer's interface (API) and its manual page using doxygen. We installed the FronTier functional interface to conform with the ITAPS specifications, especially the iMesh and iMeshP interfaces. On applications, we have implemented deposition and dissolution models with flow and implemented the two-reactant model for a more realistic precipitation at the pore level and its coupling with Darcy level model. We have continued our support to the study of fluid mixing problem for problems in inertial comfinement fusion. We have continued our support to the MHD model and its application to plasma liner implosion in fusion confinement. We have simulated a step in the reprocessing and separation of spent fuels from nuclear power plant fuel rods. We have implemented the fluid-structure interaction for 3D windmill and parachute simulations. We have continued our collaboration with PNNL, BNL, LANL, ORNL, and other SciDAC institutions.

  2. Geotropic sensitivity of hornets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishay, Jacob S.; Rosenzweig, Eyal; Rosenzweig, Ofer; Berke, Samuel

    Oriental Hornet workers, Vespa orientalis (Hymenoptera: Vespinae) were measured for their responses to changes in the direction of the gravitational field and this under both static and kinetic (centrifugal) conditions. The hornets can build a comb (oriented towards the gravitational force) when their multifaceted eyes are covered. Building activity is undertaken in the dark as well as by hornets that had been blinded or had eclosed in the dark and had never seen any light. If the frons plate of hornets is damaged, there is no or little building, and the comb direction is distorted. Hornets eclosing from and developing in combs subjected to centrifugal spinning build combs whose direction is affected both by rotation and by the resultant of the gravitational and centrifugal forces.

  3. Mudanças conjunturais do ensino e noções gerais de ensino a distância: o caso LED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Baptista Lopez Dalmau

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Times have changed, the regular habit to go to school, have a seat and listen to teachers talk about theories without possible application is finishing. Distance Learning approach has been causing a revolution in the learning systems in universities and also in enterprises throughout country. The Distance Education Laboratory LED, of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catariana -UFSC, can be considered as an example and a successful reference fron the managerial model to the pedagogic and methodological model. This paper aims to propose some answers concerning Distance Learning/Education as wellas to report some factors which made the LED on excellence institution in the Distance Educationfield. KEYWORDS: Distance education; Technological innovation; Course planning

  4. APORTES PARA EL ESTUDIO DE LA VANGUARDIA BIOLÓGICA LATINOAMERICANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Stubrin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Se busca aquí comprender el objetivo del bioarte a partir de sus características principales, que ejemplifican un modo transdisciplinar de producción de obras. Así, se piensa el lugar del arte frente al corrimiento de las fron- teras tradicionales que lo separan de la ciencia y su relación con el concepto histórico de vanguardia. Se afirma que si la neovanguardia multiplicó el efecto de la vanguardia de ampliar la relación entre arte y vida, el bioarte actualiza una nueva relación con el concepto de vida, mediante la introducción de técnicas que intervienen en su creación y desarrollo.

  5. Prices and species diversity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sauer, Johannes

    . Based on a biologically defined species diver-sity index we incorporate biodiversity either as a desirable output or biodiversity loss as a detrimental input. Beside quantitative shadow price measures the main contribu-tion of the work is the evidence that parametric scores of environmental efficiency...... of biodiversity and the appropriate incorporation in stochastic fron-tier models to achieve more realistic measures of production efficiency. We use the empirical example of tobacco production drawing from as well as affecting species diversity in the surrounding forests. We apply a shadow profit distance...... function ap-proach as well as a fixed effects non-radial technique to reveal input specific alloca-tive and output oriented technical efficiency measures as well as measures of envi-ronmental efficiency. We also consider functional consistency by imposing convexity on the translog profit function model...

  6. Numerical Modeling of Plasma-Liner Formation and Implosion for PLX- α

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassibry, Jason; Samulyak, Roman; Schillo, Kevin; Shih, Wen; Stoltz, Peter; Beckwith, Kris; Langendorf, Samuel; Hsu, Scott; PLX-α Team

    2017-10-01

    Numerical simulations of spherically imploding plasma liners formed by merging hypersonic plasma jets have been performed using the FronTier and smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH) codes in support of the PLX- α project. The physics includes radiation, Braginskii thermal conductivity and ion viscosity, and tabular EOS (LTE and non-LTE). Solid-angle-averaged and standard deviation of liner ram pressure and Mach number reveal variations in these properties during formation and implosion. Spherical-harmonic mode-number analysis of spherical slices of ram pressure at various radii and times provide a quantitative means to assess the evolution of liner non-uniformity. Simulations of 6 and 7 jets support near-term experiments, and synthetic spectra and line-integrated densities are compared with experimental data. Supported by the ARPA-E ALPHA program.

  7. Cooperative Security in Northeast Asia. A China-Japan-South Korea Coalition Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    this in turn ileaJdls to1 iiIncreased 2conoic tIies an25dll IA-stillanti contadcts amloiig tile pepl of’ thle t hree na~tions5, 1’dlizdt loll that Owl...tI5 et- the peo’ plet. D)espite the (Iileil nl a that this situation cllrrcitlv timlposet". Kill II +tin hias 1101l 1•)1l1 Cdted ihtitt IV hle(isivekI...movemlent away fr-on North Korea andl closer to the South-perhaps leading eventually to 138 kill ~ ~ NI(; dRIuai rllI)l 111 1’IA I t \\l i u [%( --il .sI 1

  8. Anthropogenic mortality on coral reefs in Caribbean Panama predates coral disease and bleaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cramer, Katie L; Jackson, Jeremy B C; Angioletti, Christopher V; Leonard-Pingel, Jill; Guilderson, Thomas P

    2012-06-01

    Caribbean reef corals have declined precipitously since the 1980s due to regional episodes of bleaching, disease and algal overgrowth, but the extent of earlier degradation due to localised historical disturbances such as land clearing and overfishing remains unresolved. We analysed coral and molluscan fossil assemblages from reefs near Bocas del Toro, Panama to construct a timeline of ecological change from the 19th century-present. We report large changes before 1960 in coastal lagoons coincident with extensive deforestation, and after 1960 on offshore reefs. Striking changes include the demise of previously dominant staghorn coral Acropora cervicornis and oyster Dendrostrea frons that lives attached to gorgonians and staghorn corals. Reductions in bivalve size and simplification of gastropod trophic structure further implicate increasing environmental stress on reefs. Our paleoecological data strongly support the hypothesis, from extensive qualitative data, that Caribbean reef degradation predates coral bleaching and disease outbreaks linked to anthropogenic climate change. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/CNRS.

  9. [A method to identify the three cryptic species of Protesilaus, (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) from southern Brazil, based on genital morphology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murillo-Hiller, Luis Ricardo

    2007-06-01

    I describe the male genital structures of three species of butterflies from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Their external patterns do not differ enough to determine one species from another. All inhabit the same areas at the same time of the year. In an attempt to find a constant difference among them, as well as to establish the range of variability in each species, series of butterflies from different localities were dissected. The diagnostic structures found in all three species were named and drawn for their identification. Color patterns, width, separateness and presence or absence of the black bands and the color of the frons are not useful for recognizing P. nigricornis from P. stenodesmus or P. helios. The species group studied shows major morphological variability. For that reason, species level identification can be extremely difficult, particularly if the specimens are deteriorated. In conclusion, the only reliable way to correctly identify this species is by dissection of male genitalia.

  10. Tragedy, comedy and socratic dialogue: the Symposium between the theatrical genres, Socrates between the beauty and the ugliness, ἒρωϛ between the high and the low

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Federico Racket

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Various readings of some speeches of Plato’s Symposium propose that within them the characters work with a mixture of the tragic and the comic. This article combines these results and adds elements of analysis to construct an interpretation of the dialogue that integrate the previous results into a whole and put them in relation to other aspects of Platonic philosophy. We argue that in the discourses of Aristophanes, Agathon, Socrates-Diotima and Alcibiades, and in the Symposium as a whole, Plato opposes various mixtures between the tragic and the comic through which he builds a position about traditional genders. Fron this point of view the socratic-platonic dialogue is the true μεταξύ genre, in a complex analogy with the Socrates figure, on the one hand, and the platonic notion of ἒρωϛ, on the other.

  11. Emulating a million machines to investigate botnets.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rudish, Donald W.

    2010-06-01

    Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, California are creating what is in effect a vast digital petridish able to hold one million operating systems at once in an effort to study the behavior of rogue programs known as botnets. Botnets are used extensively by malicious computer hackers to steal computing power fron Internet-connected computers. The hackers harness the stolen resources into a scattered but powerful computer that can be used to send spam, execute phishing, scams or steal digital information. These remote-controlled 'distributed computers' are difficult to observe and track. Botnets may take over parts of tens of thousands or in some cases even millions of computers, making them among the world's most powerful computers for some applications.

  12. PRODUKSI PEPTON DARI LIMBAH INDUSTRI BIR DENGAN PAPAIN UNTUK MEDIUM PERTUMBUHAN BAKTERI [Production Of Peptone From Waste Beer Industry Using Papain for Bacterial Growth Medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahman1

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available peptone. Papain with activity of 691.5 units based on casein substrat was used in this experiment. Results showed that optimum conditions for hydrolysis processes were as follows : substrate concentration 3.2%, papain concentration 0.4%, temperature 60-70OC, pH 6.0, hydrolysis time 5 hours. With 5 liter fermentation jar as much as 3.8 liter of hydrolyzate could be produced with 19.23% of peptone. The resulting peptone had the following characteristics : solubility 90.7%, N-amino 3.25%, N-total 11.23%, protein 70.19%, water 5.5% and ash 7.9%. This peptone gave the same effectivity for bacterial growth as that fron commercial Bacto peptone and Yeast extract to support the bacterial growth

  13. The Cervantes Foundation of México and the provincecities schools the exile pegagogical of 1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio CRUZ OROZCO

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the less known aspects of the republican exile of 1936 is its pedagogical dimension. The Spanish exiled on their hazardous path founded some centers of education, mostly in Mexico. These «exile schools» can be qualified with a territorial criterion. Some of them were located in Mexico city, and others in different provincecities. These last ones were mostly promoted by the Cervantes Foundation, an organization in the orbit of the Negrin sector in the exile. The Foundation promoted Cervantes Schools in the places of Cordoba, Tampico, Veracruz, Jalapa and Tapachula. Nearly all of them were successful, they managed to become consolidated, and some of them still exist at the present time. The article reconstructs, fron some sources mostly unpublished, the trajectory and the main characteristics of these centers and of the foundation that encouraged them.

  14. Aportaciones coloniales a las creencias funerarias ibéricas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín García Raya

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available La «mediterraneidad» de la península ibérica ha producido una serie de contactos con otros pueblos de esta cuenca, atraídos por su riqueza minera o como recurso a la colmatación de sus territorios de origen, lo cual produjo una traslación de ritos funerarios, cuya lectura arqueológica ha significado interpretaciones erróneas básicas.The "Mediterranean style» of the Iberian Península has given way to a series of contacts wth otherpeoples fron this valley, attracted by its mining richness and as an option tgo the overcrowding of their native territories. This brought about the implantation of funeral ceremonies, who archaelogical reading has meant false interpretations.

  15. Effect of night exercise on the following partially deprived sleep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuno, K; Asano, K; Okamoto, K

    1998-04-01

    Six trained male athletes (aged 24.3+/-2.9 years) performed cycling exercise from 23.00 to 23.50 h. From 00.30 to 07.00 h, the subjects followed a schedule that consisted of 30 min trying to fall asleep in bed and 60 min of being awake outside the bedroom. The control experiment was conducted without exercise under the same time schedule. An increase in rectal temperature induced by exercise was 1.9+/-0.4. After exercise, prolongation of sleep onset latency was observed only in the sleep period fron 00.30 to 01.00 h compared with the control night. Time spent in slow wave sleep throughout the night was significantly longer after exercise.

  16. Brachylophora, a new brachypterous genus of Rhopalophorini (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin O. S. Clarke

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Brachylophora, a new brachypterous genus of Rhopalophorini (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae. Brachylophora auricollis (Bruch, 1918 comb. nov. = Pasiphyle auricollis Bruch, 1918, originally described from Argentina (Salta, is redescribed and illustrated. Although with reduced elytra, the genus is transferred from Rhinotragini to Rhopalophorini based on the following characters: eyes well separated in both sexes, frons between eyes depressed and lacking frontal suture; pro-, meso-, and metasternum planar; mesothorax parallel-sided, not at all declivous before mesosternal process; metasternum large, together with mesosternum twice length of prosternum, metepisternum very wide, entire suture separating it from metasternum clearly visible when viewed from below; female ovipositor shortened with short cylindrical styles; and, more generally, structural features of hind legs, and surface ornamentation. Habitus similar to Coremia group. Bolivian specimens were netted as they visited flowers of Croton sp. (Euphorbiaceae.

  17. How user-innovators can be identified? Evidence collected from the analysis of practices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fursov, K.; Nefedova, A.; Thurner, T

    2016-07-01

    This paper studies how daily routines around media consumption, internet and technologyusage, product preferences or civic engagement mediate likehood of being a user-innovator. Based on the differences in demographic characteristics of consumers and assimilation by them of certain daily routines we conclude that a deeper analysis of day-to-day activities can help distinguishing user-innovators fron non-innovating peers. It is argued that innovationrelated actions are rooted in learned behaviour, can be observed through the daily routines and tell us more on user-innovation experience. We suggest that no individual practice, but instead sets of practices taken in different economic, social and cultural environments can explain how innovations grow and disseminate through the entire economy. (Author)

  18. La literatura juarense: entre el realismo y la historia reciente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Salazar Mendoza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La literatura que habla de Ciudad Juárez ha sido producida tanto por los autores que radican en esta ciudad como por creadores foráneos. A la primera, Ricardo Vigueras- Fernández le ha llamado juarense, ya que -dice- los autores conocen bien su entorno; pero en el caso de la segunda, Vigueras-Fernández la denomina juarica, pues la fron - tera norte ha servido como fuente de inspiración para los escritores extranjeros ¿y fue - reños?, sin que estos estén muy bien enterados tanto del contexto como de los hechos acaecidos en la ciudad. En este trabajo analizaremos algunas obras de varios autores juarenses y veremos que, a grandes rasgos, se les puede calificar de realistas y de tener nexos estrechos con la historia reciente de Ciudad Juárez.

  19. A simplified method for generation of pseudo natural colours from colour infrared aerial photos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Thomas; Olsen, Brian Pilemann

    In spite of their high potential for automated discrimination between vegetation and human made objects, colour-infrared (CIR) aerial photos have not been in widespread use for traditional photogrammetric mapping. This is probably due to their awkward colour representation invalidating the visual...... analytical experience of the stereo analysts doing the actual registration of the topographical data. In this paper, we present a method for generating pseudo natural colour (PNC) representations from CIR photos. This enables the combination of automated vegetation discrimination with traditional manual....... In the second step the blue colour component is estimated using tailored models for each domain. Green and red colour components are taken directly fron the CIR photo. The visual impression of the results from the 2 step method is only slightly inferior to the original 7 step method. The implementation, however...

  20. Simulation Study of Structure and Properties of Plasma Liners for the PLX- α Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samulyak, Roman; Shih, Wen; Hsu, Scott; PLX-Alpha Team

    2017-10-01

    Detailed numerical studies of the propagation and merger of high-Mach-number plasma jets and the formation and implosion of plasma liners have been performed using the FronTier code in support of the Plasma Liner Experiment-ALPHA (PLX- α) project. Physics models include radiation, physical diffusion, plasma-EOS models, and an anisotropic diffusion model that mimics deviations from fully collisional hydrodynamics in outer layers of plasma jets. Detailed structure and non-uniformity of plasma liners of due to primary and secondary shock waves have been studies as well as averaged quantities of ram pressure and Mach number. Synthetic data from simulations have been compared with available experimental data from a multi-chord interferometer and survey and high-resolution spectrometers. Numerical studies of the sensitivity of liner properties to experimental errors in the initial masses of jets and the synchronization of plasma gun valves have also been performed. Supported by the ARPA-E ALPHA program.

  1. Trigonalidae (Hymenoptera from cacao agroforestry systems in northeastern Brazil, with two new species of Trigonalys Westwood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Santos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A survey of Trigonalidae from cacao (Theobroma cacao L. agroforestry systems in southern Bahia, northeastern Brazil, is conducted. A total of 65 specimens were studied, and three species are recognized. Trigonalys melanoleuca Westwood is diagnosed and illustrated. Two new species are described and illustrated. Trigonalys erythrocephala sp. n. has most of head reddish brown; metasomal armature in sternum III conspicuous, Y-shaped; supra-antennal elevation conspicuous; hind coxa with sharp lateral angles, its dorso-mesal portion strigate; legs entirely dark brown; and fore wing lightly infuscate, darker towards anterior margin. Trigonalys gotica sp. n. with body blackish or dark brown and with pale yellow marks; mesopleuron with an oblique mark; female armature absent; frons and vertex punctate-areolate; supra-antennal elevation subtle; propodeal foramen V-shaped; and fore wing vein M arising distinctly basad to 1cu-a.

  2. Especies nuevas de abejas de Cuba y La Española (Hymenoptera: Colletidae, Megachilidae, Apidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio A. Genaro

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Se describen e ilustran cinco especies nuevas de abejas antillanas: Collectes granpiedrensis n. sp. (Cuba (Colletidae; Osmia (Diceratosmia stangei n. sp. (República Dominicana; Coelioxys (Cyrtocoelioxys alayoi n. sp. (Cuba; C. (Boreocoelioxys sannicolarensis n. sp. (Cuba (Megachilidae y Triepeolus nisibonensis n. sp. (República Dominicana (ApidaeFive new species of Antillean bees are described and illustrated: Colletes granpiedrensis n. sp. (Cuba (Colletidae is charaterized as follows: Head and mesosoma black, legs and metasoma brown. Dense brown hairs on head and mesosoma; white on frons and metasomal terga. Clypeus, frons and mesosoma with large punctures, lesser on vertex and metasoma. Malar space more wide than long. Male and female slightly similar, except in the apical margin of clypeus, supraclipeal area, and color of the pubescence on legs and sterna; Osmia (Diceratosmia stangei n. sp. (Dominican Republic (Megachilidae is charaterized as follows: Dark metallic green, metasoma black with metallic green reflections. Pubescence light; body with large, closed punctures. Female with violet reflections in tergum III and mandible tridentate; Coelioxys (Cyrtocoelioxys alayoi n. sp. (Cuba (Megachilidae is charaterized as follows: Female black, except basal area of mandibles, tegula, legs, lateral area of tergum I and sterna, reddish brown. Posterior margin of scutellum rounded. Apex of tergum VI with spine curved up. Sternum VI fringed with short, closed setae, and the apex with short spine; Coelioxys (Boreocoelioxys sannicolarensis n. sp. (Cuba (Megachilidae is charaterized as follows: Black, except antenna and tegula brown; legs and sterna reddish brown. Clypeal margin straight in profile. Gradular grooves on metasomal terga II and III distinct medially. Fovea on metasomal tergum II of male deep and short, and Triepeolus nisibonensis n. sp. (Dominican Republic (Apidae is charaterized as follows: Dorsal pubescence (short and dense on mesosoma

  3. Biodiversity and new records of microfungi in the Ruhrarea (north Rhine Westfalia), Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ale-Agha, Nosrathollah; Brassmann, Markus; Jensen, Manfred

    2009-01-01

    During our investigations of the microflora in NRW (Duisburg, Düsseldorf and Essen incl. the greenhouse of the Botanical Garden) in 2007 and 2008, we were able to collect and identify about 55 species on trees, bushes and ornamental plants as parasites and saprophytes. Some of these species are new for Germany or have been only rarely found until now. Most of the species belong the Ascomycotina, Basidiomycotina and Deuteromycotina for example Arthrocladiella mougeotii (Lév.) Vassilkov. on Lycium barbarum L., Caudospora taleola (Fr.) Starb on Quercus robur L., Colletotrichum coffeanum F. Noak on Coffea arabica L. (new for Germany) Colletotrichum trichellum (Fr.) Duke on Hedera helix L., Erysiphe buhrii U. Braun on Lychnis cf. coronaria (L.) Desr. (Anamorph. Oidium dianthi Jacz.), Erysiphe spec. on Acer opalus Mill (new host), Erysiphe flexuosa (Peck) U. Braun & S. Takam. on Aesculus spec. (new for Europe)), Erysiphe heraclei DC. on Tinguarra montana (Webb ex Christ ) A.Hansen & G.Kunkel, Erysiphe necator Schwein. = Uncinula necator (Schwein.) Burrill on Cissus cf. rhombifolia Vahl. (new for NRW), Erysphe trifolii Grev. on Trigonella caerulea (L.) Ser., Golovinomyces cichoracearum (DC.) V.P.Gelyuta (Oidium spec.) on Argyranthemum pinnatifidum (L.f.) R.T. Lowe (new host), Lobatopedis foliicola P.M. Kirk on Quercus robur L. (new for NRW), Lophodermium juniperinum (Fr.) de Not. on Juniperus communis L., Mamiania coryli De Not. on Corylus avellana L., Marssonina juglandis (Lib.) Magnus on Juglans regia L., Oidium hortensia Jørst on Philadelphus coronarius L., Oidium spec. on Dahlia variabilis (Willd.) Desf. (new for Germany), Oidium longipes Noordeloos & Loerak on Petunia hybrida Vilm., Oidium pedilanthi M. Yen on Pedilanthus titymaloides (L.) Poit, Oidium pedaliacearum H.D. Shin sp. nov. (= Oidium sesami H.D. Shin) on Ibicella lutea (Lindl.) van Eselt. (= Martynia lutea Lindl.), Passalora pastinacae (Sacc.) U. Braun = Pseudocercosporella pastinacae (P. Karst.) U

  4. [Leishmaniasis in Castellón: an epidemiological study of human cases, the vector and the canine reservoir].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnedo Pena, A; Bellido Blasco, J B; González Morán, F; Arias Sánchez, A; Calvo Más, C; Safont Adsuara, L; Fabra Peirat, E; Criado Juarez, J; Pons Roig, P

    1994-01-01

    Incidence of human leishmaniasis in Castellón is among the highest in Spain. In order to know epidemiologic situation of leishmaniasis, human incidence, Phlebotomus' presence and canine reservoir were studied. The study was carried out during 1989-1990, and included review of different registers of cases and glucantime use, Phlebotomus catching, and leishmaniasis serology (immunofluorescent test, IFT) of dogs from municipal kennel and rabies vaccine programme. Hospitals' underreporting visceral leishmaniasis was noted. Glucantime's distribution permitted identification of some no reported cases. 2267 sandflies were caught, which 196 were vectors: P. perniciosus (182), P. sergenti (6), P. papatasi (4) and P. ariasi (4). Dog's prevalence of leishmaniasis (IFT > or = 1/80) was 5.1% (CI 95%: 1.1-9.1) in dogs fron the municipal kennel, and 0% in dogs from the vaccine programme. Human leishmaniasis is hypoendemic in Castellón, with a low-middle rank in canine leishmaniasis. Entomologic results agree with other spanish studies. However, P. sergenti and P. ariasi were not described in Catellón until now. Leishmaniasis surveillance should be maintained.

  5. Broiler walking ability and toe asymmetry under harsh rearing conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MS Baracho

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Morphological asymmetry has been described as a potential broiler welfare indicator, for interpreting the birds' ability to cope with the challenges that may affect its growth. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of morphological asymmetry data to estimate broiler walking ability and welfare.dBroilers werefed diets supplemented or not with vitamin D. Toes were measured when birds were 42 and 49 days old using digital caliper.the left and right sides of the following four bilateral traits (tarsometatarsus length, outer toe length, mid toe length, and back toe length were measured twice on intact alive birds by two different researcherh. Data from right and left sides were compared in the two treatments using the Student t-test, and Pearson's correlation was used to analyze the total asymmetry found as a result of the total sum of the differences in the measurements. Asymmetry data were comparedwith the total numberof leg lesions. Mid toe and tarsometatarsus asymmetry resultswere considered as actual fluctuating asymmetry, and presented normal distribution (Test of Kolmogorov-Smirnov, p >0.05. However, back toe and outer toe measurements were not normally distributed, as determined by the test of Kolmogorov-Smirnov (p <0.05, indicating anti-asymmetry; when comparing right with left limb,results were significantly different fron zero (t-Student, p <0.05 indicating directional fluctuating asymmetry.The welfare of broilers withwalking difficulty due to the presence of severe asymmetry in limbs is poor.

  6. "Opening an emotional dimension in me": changes in emotional reactivity and emotion regulation in a case of executive impairment after left fronto-parietal damage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salas, Christian E; Radovic, Darinka; Yuen, Kenneth S L; Yeates, Giles N; Castro, O; Turnbull, Oliver H

    2014-01-01

    Dysexecutive impairment is a common problem after brain injury, particularly after damage to the lateral surface of the frontal lobes. There is a large literature describing the cognitive deficits associated with executive impairment after dorsolateral damage; however, little is known about its impact on emotional functioning. This case study describes changes in a 72-year-old man (Professor F) who became markedly dysexecutive after a left fron-to-parietal stroke. Professor F's case is remarkable in that, despite exhibiting typical executive impairments, abstraction and working memory capacities were spared. Such preservation of insight-related capacities allowed him to offer a detailed account of his emotional changes. Quantitative and qualitative tools were used to explore changes in several well-known emotional processes. The results suggest that Professor F's two main emotional changes were in the domain of emotional reactivity (increased experience of both positive and negative emotions) and emotion regulation (down-regulation of sadness). Professor F related both changes to difficulties in his thinking process, especially a difficulty generating and manipulating thoughts during moments of negative arousal. These results are discussed in relation to the literature on executive function and emotion regulation. The relevance of these findings for neuropsychological rehabilitation and for the debate on the neural basis of emotional processes is addressed.

  7. Effect of cutting intervals and heights in forage productivity of Moringa oleifera.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramos-Trejo O.

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The use of Moringa oleifera as fodder is due to its good nutritional characteristics and high yield of fresh biomass. Eastern Yucatan, Mexico has favorable soil and climatic conditions for its establishment. The aim of this work was to estimate forage productivity of Moringa oleifera in two cutting intervals and three different heights. The experiment was conducted at the Experimental Site of Tizimín fron the National Institute of Forest, Agricultural and lLvestock Researches (INIFAP. The experimental units were placed in a completely randomized design with a 2 x 3 factorial arrangement and four replications. Forage yield was quantified and foliage samples were taken for DM content. Significant differences (p0.05 were found. In conclusion, during the evaluation of Moringa oleifera, it was found that the best performance in this work is obtained when the cuts on the soles are made every 60 days at a height of 40 cm (1.9119 t ha-1 cut-1; however, more agronomic studies of this plant are recommended in the eastern Yucatan, such as: planting density, arrangement, partnerships with other shrub species in the region, rain and dry periods, in order to have a viable and profitable option forage productivity of this plant.

  8. Scapanoclypeus bicoloratus new species from Hardap, Namibia (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Tanyproctini).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sehnal, Richard

    2017-03-30

    Scapanoclypeus Evans (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Tanyproctini) was established with Trichinopus aberrans Frey designated as its type species and included five additional species: S. testaceus Evans, S. carinatus Evans, S. cornutus Evans, S. brunneus Evans, and S. aulacocoleatus Evans. Scapanoclypeus, Trichinopus Waterhouse, and Oedanomerus Waterhouse are distinguished from other African Tanyproctini by their small size (12 mm or less), reduced mouthparts, and antennae with 8-10 antennomeres (Evans 1987). Species of Scapanoclypeus and Oedanomerus have simple claws without cleft or teeth at base, a slightly conical labrum, and a third antennomere that is equal in length to the fourth; while Trichinopus has bifid claws, a distinctly conical labrum with rounded end, and the third antennomere approximately as long as the fourth (Lacroix 2007). The antennal club of Scapanoclypeus is at least three times longer than the combined length of antennomeres I-IV and the clypeal surface at nearly a right angle in relation to the plane of the frons, while Oedanomerus has an antennal club about as long as the combined length of antennomeres I-IV and coplanar clypeal and frontal surfaces (Evans 1987; Lacroix 2007; Sehnal 2013). Scapanoclypeus was subsequently mentioned in Lacroix (2007), who re-drew the figures and adopted the key from Evans (1987). Three additional species have since been described from southern Africa: S. triapicalis Sehnal, S. sinepunctatus Sehnal, and S. hardap Sehnal (see Sehnal 2013, 2014).

  9. A new cluster-brood building species of Plebeia (Hymenoptera, Apidae from eastern Brazil Uma nova espécie de Plebeia (Hymenoptera, Apidae do leste do Brasil, com células de cria em cacho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel A. R. Melo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Plebeia, the second largest genus of stingless bees in the Neotropical region, is described from eastern Brazil. Plebeia grapiuna sp. nov., known only from the lowland forests of southern Bahia, is most similar to P. lucii Moure, a species recently described from Minas Gerais. The lack of yellow marks and the smoother integument of the frons and mesoscutum in P. grapiuna sp. nov. distinguish them. Main features of the nesting habits of the new species are described and illustrated.Uma nova espécie de Plebeia, o segundo maior gênero de meliponíneos na região Neotropical, é descrita do leste do Brasil. Plebeia grapiuna sp. nov., conhecida apenas das florestas de terras baixas do sul da Bahia, é semelhante a P. lucii Moure, uma espécie recentemente descrita de Minas Gerais. A ausência de manchas amarelas e o integumento menos rugoso da fronte e do mesoscuto em P. grapiuna sp. nov. distinguem as duas espécies. Características principais do hábito de nidificação da nova espécie são descritas e ilustradas.

  10. Grand Forks Air Force Base, North Dakota. Revised Uniform Summary of Surface Weather Observations. Parts A-F.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-11-01

    1 5.2 4. ¢t.V I 1.1 2.2 .8 .1 8.1 8.8 I 1.1 2.8 1.8l .8 O6.0 5.1 bV I .3 .7 3.1 .6 5.8 7.5 0 .6 8.2 3.1 2.1 .3 .1 11.6 1.. ISO 1 j.1 2.? .7 .3 .3 5.3...TOTA~lL biVWI Of OSUVIM4O9 ISO K.*ShL CLINAIOLSGV gaftCW KCENIAS FIRL0UECV OF OCCUIRECE OF SUIFACE WIUD OlfCTCIOW VERSUS WING S1[O 4 US FET C FRON...67.N 67.N 67.N 67.8 67.6 67.8 67.8 GE SDOo 60.1 66.5 66.6 68.0 68.4 69.5 70.0 6970.6970 71.1 79. 1 71.1 71.5 71.5 70.s 70.5GE 50001 60.5 65.5 66.6

  11. Summary of hydrologic data collected during 1976 in Dade County, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, John E.

    1978-01-01

    During 1976 rainfall was 1.58 inches below the long-term average. Ground-water levels ranged from 0.4 foot above to 0.5 foot below average. The highest and lowest ground water for the year were both 1 foot below their long-term averages. In the Hialeah-Miami Springs area, water levels in wells near the centers of the heaviest pumping ranged from 8.0 to 9.5 feet below msl (mean sea level, 1929); and in the southwest well-field area, ground-water levels near the centers of pumping ranged from 2.0 feet above to 3.0 feet below msl. The combined average daily discharge from nine major streams and canals that flow eastward into tidal waters was 1,666 cubic feet per second (cfs), 609 cfs above the combined average daily flow for the 1975 water year. The combined average daily flow through the Tamiami Canal outlets was 783 cfs, 215 cfs above that of the 1975 water year. The 1976 position of the salt fron in the coastal part of the Biscayne aquifer was about the same as in 1975 except in the vicinity of Mowry Canal south of Homestead Air Force Base where the salt front had encroached farther inland. (Woodard-USGS)

  12. Turbulent mixing in nonreactive and reactive flows

    CERN Document Server

    1975-01-01

    Turbulence, mixing and the mutual interaction of turbulence and chemistry continue to remain perplexing and impregnable in the fron­ tiers of fluid mechanics. The past ten years have brought enormous advances in computers and computational techniques on the one hand and in measurements and data processing on the other. The impact of such capabilities has led to a revolution both in the understanding of the structure of turbulence as well as in the predictive methods for application in technology. The early ideas on turbulence being an array of complicated phenomena and having some form of reasonably strong coherent struc­ ture have become well substantiated in recent experimental work. We are still at the very beginning of understanding all of the aspects of such coherence and of the possibilities of incorporating such structure into the analytical models for even those cases where the thin shear layer approximation may be valid. Nevertheless a distinguished body of "eddy chasers" has come into existence. T...

  13. General overview: European Integrated project on Aerosol Cloud Climate and Air Quality interactions (EUCAARI – integrating aerosol research from nano to global scales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Simpson

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we describe and summarize the main achievements of the European Aerosol Cloud Climate and Air Quality Interactions project (EUCAARI. EUCAARI started on 1 January 2007 and ended on 31 December 2010 leaving a rich legacy including: (a a comprehensive database with a year of observations of the physical, chemical and optical properties of aerosol particles over Europe, (b comprehensive aerosol measurements in four developing countries, (c a database of airborne measurements of aerosols and clouds over Europe during May 2008, (d comprehensive modeling tools to study aerosol processes fron nano to global scale and their effects on climate and air quality. In addition a new Pan-European aerosol emissions inventory was developed and evaluated, a new cluster spectrometer was built and tested in the field and several new aerosol parameterizations and computations modules for chemical transport and global climate models were developed and evaluated. These achievements and related studies have substantially improved our understanding and reduced the uncertainties of aerosol radiative forcing and air quality-climate interactions. The EUCAARI results can be utilized in European and global environmental policy to assess the aerosol impacts and the corresponding abatement strategies.

  14. Is Drosophila nasuta Lamb (Diptera, Drosophilidae currently reaching the status of a cosmopolitan species?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Ribeiro Vilela

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In early March 2015, three males and two females of one unknown species of Drosophila were collected from a compost pile and some garbage cans in the west region of the city of São Paulo, state of São Paulo, Brazil. Morphologically it is easily identified by the presence of the following conspicuous features: a brownish dorsal stripe along pleura, an entirely iridescent silvery-whitish frons when seen directly from the front, and a row of cuneiform setae on anteroventral side of femur of foreleg; the former two traits being more evident in males. The species was easily reared in a modified banana-agar medium and two isofemale lines were established allowing to obtain mitotic cells showing a diploid chromosome number of 2n = 8. Based both on morphological and chromosomal features, in addition to the geographical distribution, we concluded that the unknown flies belong to Drosophila nasuta Lamb, 1914, a tropical species of the nasuta subgroup of the Drosophila immigrans species group. Photomicrographs of male imagines, terminalia, mitotic and meiotic metaphase plates, as well as of female mitotic metaphase, are included.

  15. From the Angle of Reader 50 Year of TKDB (1952-1986 / TK (1987-2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan S. Keseroğlu

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with the conditions and the medium of the issue of the Bulletin of the Turkish Librarians’ Association (TKDB; 1952-1986, which has been na- med as the Journal of the Turkish Librarianship (TK; 1987-2001 later. Besides, the features of it s contents, the changes based on the historical periods and the change it self has been examined closely. This evaluative procedure can be sum- marized as follows: first, the type and the genre of the writings identified as ori- ginal, translation, the latest book reviews, citation/guotation, report, letter, law, argumentative essay, interview,competition or news, considering the features obtained from the close study of each number of t he TKDB / TK j ou mal s within fift.y years. Second, af ter 1980, from the point of scientifi c method and techrıique the numerical data have been obtained fronı the usage of bibliographies, deep rıotes, and the utility of translations into Turkish in the field of Information and documentation, and ali the findings have been discussed.

  16. Estudio de materiales y técnica de ejecución de los restos de pintura mural romana hallados en una excavación arqueológica de Guadix (Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana García Bueno

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo da a conocer unos restos de pintura mural romana encontrados en Guadix, tanto desde el punto de vista arqueológico como analítico. Estos fragmentos de pintura mural constituían parte del material de relleno de una canalización romana, cuya cronología pudo precisarse con exactitud, que posiblemente formaría parte de la red hidráulica de la antigua ACCIS. Ateniéndonos a las características de los fragmentos, se seleccionaron muestras de los colores más frecuentes para determinar los pigmentos utilizados y la técnica de ejecución empleada en su construcción.This article makes Known the remains of Román wall painting found in Guadix, botti fron au archaeological and analytical point of view. These fragments of wall painting constituted part of ttie filling material used in a Román channelling, whose chronology was accurately established, which would probably be part of the hydraulic system in ancient ACCIS. Keeping in mind the characteristics of the fragments, samples of the most frecuent colours were chosen to determine the pigments used and the execution technique employed in its construction.

  17. A exposição do amor na internet: público ou íntimo?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline de Oliveira Moreira

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata la dimensión de la intimidad y la publicitación del amor en internet. Esta investigación entrevistó 20 universitarios de 18 años, de ambos sexos, e inves - tigó si internet introduce nuevas formas de relaciones afectivas entre ellos. Las fron - teras entre lo público y lo privado en internet referentes a las relaciones amorosas surgieron como cuestión. Se discuten los efectos de la publicación de acontecimien - tos de la vida amorosa en dos perspectivas: analizando fronteras entre lo público y lo privado, y reflexionando sobre cuestiones subjetivas que involucran esa publici - tación. A pesar de que los entrevistados critican la publicación de la vida privada en los medios digitales, reconocen que es una exigencia de la cultura actual. Se verificó que aunque la ausencia de conflictos causada por el desencuentro de cuerpos puede alimentar la ilusión de relación perfecta, los lazos amorosos mediados por internet presentan complejidad equiparable a la de las relaciones amorosas no virtuales.

  18. Topiramate and severe metabolic acidosis: case report Acidose metabólica grave por topiramato: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayme E. Burmeister

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Topiramate infrequently induces anion gap metabolic acidosis through carbonic anhydrase inhibition on the distal tubule of the nephron - a type 2 renal tubular acidosis. We report on a 40 years old woman previously healthy that developed significant asymptomatic metabolic acidosis during topiramate therapy at a dosage of 100mg/day for three months. Stopping medication was followed by normalization of the acid-base status within five weeks. This infrequent side effect appears unpredictable and should be given careful attention.Topiramato pode produzir raramente uma acidose metabólica através da inibição da anidrase carbônica no túbulo distal do néfron - acidose tubular renal do tipo 2. Relatamos o caso de mulher de 40 anos previamente saudável que desenvolveu quadro de acidose metabólica assintomática grave, sem outra etiologia identificável, durante uso de topiramato na dose de 100mg/dia por três meses. Este efeito colateral, embora infrequente, parece ser imprevisível e requer atenção cuidadosa.

  19. Several view of the TRD Beam machine.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    Photo 1: Oliver Busch, a member of ALICE TRD team, in fron of the TRD prototypes at the T10 beamline. Photo 3: A close-up view of the four identical layers of ALICE TRD prototypes under tests in pion/electron beams at CERN PS. Photo 5: Four layers of Transition Radiation Detector (left side) together with auxiliary detectors (silicon microstrip, scintillators and Cherenkov) at PS T10 beam line. Photo 6: Full view of the setup used to test Transition Radiation Detector (TRD) prototypes for ALICE experiment. Four identical layers of TRD are on the left of the picture, preceded by scintillation detectors used to define the beam and by Cherenkov detectors (the two long cylinders) used to identify electrons. Photo 8: Full view of ALICE TRD prototype test setup with two Cherenkov detectors in the foreground. The Cherenkov detectors are essential to identify the electrons in the mixed pion/electron beam at the CERN Proton Synchrotron. Photo 9: Full view of TRD prototype tests setup. Two Cherenkov detectors are...

  20. A keystone-like grain in hornet comb cells: its nature and physical properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishay, Jacob S; Riabinin, Ksenia; Kozhevnikov, Maria; van der Want, Hans; Stokroos, Ietse

    2003-01-01

    In the roof of cells built by the Oriental hornet, Vespa orientalis (Vespinae, Hymenoptera), there is one or more grains differing in their composition and shape from the surrounding structures. These grains have a diameter of 100-200 microm and protrude slightly from the roof inward. They contain primarily a large percentage of Ti but also Fe and occasionally Si. The mineral makeup in the grains is still uncertain, but it seems that the minerals belong to the group called perovskite. These grains in the hornet's comb may originate from the soil around the nest, that is, comprised of ceramic matter, but it is also possible that they are secreted from a gland within the frons plate of the hornet because the fungus-like secretion in this gland contains elements similar to those in the roof of the comb cells. We conjecture that the grain in question serves as a reference point for the hornets that build the cell walls in the direction of gravity. The cement whereby the building hornets conjoin the various building materials, whether organic (cellulose and the like) or inorganic (sand grains or tiny stones), is a saliva that is secreted from their oral gland, which upon release hardens into a polymeric glue. The ceramic grain embedded within this polymeric matrix is endowed with different physical properties and can therefore respond differently to the tension or pressure of the surrounding walls.

  1. Penología e indigenismo en la antigua Guinea española

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro María Belmonte Medina

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo de investigacióm pretende ser un estudio histórico-juridico del derecho penal que los españoles aplicaron a los indígenas de la Guinea española. Partiendo de la base de que el derectio penal guíneano-español se basaba, principalmente, en el reconocimiento de normas indígenas de tipo consuetudinario (derecho indígena, a través de sentencias judiciales y por adaptaciones del derecho metropolitano, usando como vehículo de expresión, así mismo, la jurisprudencia aplicada por los tribunales de raza españoles, se hace un amplio estudio de las penas que los españoles aplicaron a los indígenas, dividiendo la obra en dos parles: derecho para indígenas y derecho indígena.This work tries to be a historic-juridical study about penal law that spanish people applied to natives fron the spanish guinea. From the point of view that this law was, mainly, based on the knowledge of the natives rules about habits and native law, through sentences and the adaptation of the metropolitan law, using as mass media, the jurisprudence applied by the spanish courts, a huge study, is made about the punishments spanish people applied to natives. The study is divided in two parts: native law and law for natives.

  2. Étude de la Production de Gravitation de Kaluza-Klein dans ses Désintégrations en Paires de Muons dans le Modèl de Randall-Sundrum auprès de l'Expérience D0 au Tevatron

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lahrichi, Nadia [UPMC, Paris (main)

    2004-06-01

    In this thesis we have put the first constraints on t he fundamental parameters of the Randall-Sundnun model of extra dimensions, $k / M_{pl}$ which is proportional to the coupling of the graviton to the standard model fields and $M_G$ which is the mass of the first excited state of t he Kaluza-Klein graviton. The analysis perfomed on Monte carlo sample of the sign al allowed to find an error in the PYTHIA generator. The elaboration of an independent generator dedicated for this special analysis helped to find out and correct the error. The data sample used for the an alysis covers the period running fron1 november 2002 up to July 2002 taken by the Dzero collaboration at Tevatron, which corresponds to an accumulated lumninosity of 107,8 pb-1 . The search for the graviton in the dinmon channel allowed to rnea.sure the Z production cross-section t irnes the branching ratio in dimuons.

  3. Realm of the comets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weissman, P.R.

    1987-03-01

    Studies of Jovian perturbations of the orbits of long-period comets led to the concept of the Oort cloud of 180 billion comets at 50,000-150,000 AU from the sun. Several comets are induced to move toward the sun every million years by the passage of a star at a distance of a few light years. The location of the cloud has since been revised to 20,000-100,000 AU, and comets are now accepted as remnant material fron the proto-solar system epoch. The galactic disk and random, close-passing stars may also cause rare, large perturbations in the orbits of the cloud comets, sending large numbers of comets through the inner solar system. The resulting cometary storm is a candidate cause for the wholesale extinction of dinosaurs in the Cretaceous-Terniary transition due to large number of planetesimals, or one large comet, striking the earth, in a short period of time. The IRAS instruments have detected similar clouds of material around other stars.

  4. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Davide Vitè

    2005-01-01

    The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: Joint PVSS JCOP Framework : 7 - 11.11.2005 (5 days) ELEC-2005 Autumn Term - Electronics applications in HEP experiments: 8.11 - 8.12.2005 (10 x 2h lectures) The EDMS-MTF in practice: 9.11.2005 (morning, free of charge) The CERN EDMS for Local Administrators: 15-16.11.2005 (2 days, free of charge) OUTLOOK (Short Course II) - Calendar, Tasks and Notes: 16.11.2005 (morning) Hands-On Object Oriented Design and Programming with C++ : 16 - 18.11.2005 (3 days) The CERN EDMS for Engineers: 17.11.2005 (1 day, free of charge) The Java Programming Language Level 1: 21 - 23.11.2005 (3 days) Hands-on Introduction to Python Programming: 28 - 30.11.2005 (3 days) OUTLOOK (Short Course III) - Meetings and Delegation: 30.11.2005 (morning) WORD 2003 (Short Course III) - HowTo... Work with long documents : 30.11.2005 (afternoon) Fron...

  5. Las relaciones históricas como precedentes del periodismo granadino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Javier González Antón

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Las relaciones históricas son impresos informativos, antecedentes inmediatos de las primeras gacetas y de todo el periodismo. A partir de más de 150 editadas en Granada durante los siglos XVI a XVIII se estudian desde todos los aspectos, su presentación como pliegos sueltos, formato, páginas, tipos e ilustraciones. Sus autores e impresores, así como los contenidos, los principales temas, desde los bélicos, pasando por los políticos y sociales, hasta los festivos y de sucesos. La descripción de la realidad y de los hechos de actualidad, el sensacionalismo, la truculencia y el moralismo de las relacionadas con descripciones de hechos extraordinarios, así como su escaso precio, abonan su carácter popular, su importancia dentro de la publicística, y refuerzan su estrecha relación con la prensa. ABSTRACTThe “relaciones” are informative documents, antecedents of the first gacettes and the whole journalism. Fron more than 150 edited in Granada since the XVI century to the XVIII century we can studie all their aspects. Their presentation as odd sheets, the format, pages, kinds and pictures. Their authors and printers, the contents and the main subjects. (From belic and politic to festive and events. The description of the reality and the actuality events, the sensacionalism, cruelty and the moralism and his lower prices improve their popular character and their importance in the journalism.

  6. [Usual physical activity level, glycemic control, and cardiovascular risk factors profile. Spanish Diabetes Society Working Group for the study of Nutrition].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-01

    To know the relation between the usual physical activity pattern and metabolic control and cardiovascular risk factors of people with diabetes mellitus. 144 type 1 (insulin dependent) diabetic subjects (M/F, 70/74) and 193 type 2 (non insulin dependent) diabetic patients 8M/F, 81/112) fron DNCT study (Diabetes Nutrition and Complications Trial) were included in the study from May 1993 to December 1994. Physical activity index was assessed by means of the weekly caloric expenditure based upon previously published questionnaire. At least 60% of diabetic patients had a regular exercise more than 3 times per week. Unexpected, level of HbA1c, but not other parameters, was related to the level of physical activity, in that the higher the activity the higher HbA1c level in both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. In the DNCT study the higher physical activity level was associated a worsening in the HbA1c level. These un expected date there are take into account when recommending physical activity to people with diabetes mellitus with no good metabolic control.

  7. Comments on the recent changes in taxonomy of pygmy unicorns, with description of a new species of Metopomystrum from Brazil (Insecta, Tetrigidae, Cleostratini, Miriatrini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Santos Martins Silva

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The tribe Cleostratini Bolívar, 1887 sensu Storozhenko, 2016 does not represent a monophyletic taxon because it gathers various Tetrigidae genera with various types of horn and prolongation of frons or vertex. Prolongation of these structures is present in morphologically and biogeographically distant groups. We do not regard Miriatrini Cadena-Castañeda & Cardona, 2015 synonymous with Cleostratini because the genus Miriatra Bolívar, 1906 belongs to a group of genera distant from Cleostratus Stål, 1877. There is no adequate diagnosis for proposed groups of genera forming tribes Cleostratini or Miriatrini. Miriatrini stat. resurr. are monotypic and include only Miriatra, Cleostratini are monotypic as well. Apteromystrum Storozhenko, 2016 syn. n. is regarded synonymous with Metopomystrum, M. apterum comb. resurr., M. amazoniensis comb. resurr. and Miriatra brevifastigiata (Cadena-Castañeda & Cardona, 2015, comb. n. are not Metopomystrum member. Herein a new species of pygmy unicorn, Metopomystrum muriciense Silva & Skejo, sp. n., is described from Atlantic Forest remnants in northeast of Brazil, collected on the Estação Serra do Ouro (municipality of Murici, Alagoas state. Distribution data, morphological characterization, and an identification key to Metopomystrum species are also presented.

  8. Comments on the recent changes in taxonomy of pygmy unicorns, with description of a new species ofMetopomystrumfrom Brazil (Insecta, Tetrigidae, Cleostratini, Miriatrini).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Daniela Santos Martins; Skejo, Josip; Pereira, Marcelo Ribeiro; Domenico, Fernando Campos De; Sperber, Carlos Frankl

    2017-01-01

    The tribe Cleostratini Bolívar, 1887 sensu Storozhenko, 2016 does not represent a monophyletic taxon because it gathers various Tetrigidae genera with various types of horn and prolongation of frons or vertex. Prolongation of these structures is present in morphologically and biogeographically distant groups. We do not regard Miriatrini Cadena-Castañeda & Cardona, 2015 synonymous with Cleostratini because the genus Miriatra Bolívar, 1906 belongs to a group of genera distant from Cleostratus Stål, 1877. There is no adequate diagnosis for proposed groups of genera forming tribes Cleostratini or Miriatrini. Miriatrini stat. resurr. are monotypic and include only Miriatra , Cleostratini are monotypic as well. Apteromystrum Storozhenko, 2016 syn. n. is regarded synonymous with Metopomystrum , M. apterum comb. resurr. , M. amazoniensis comb. resurr. and Miriatra brevifastigiata (Cadena-Castañeda & Cardona, 2015), comb. n. are not Metopomystrum member. Herein a new species of pygmy unicorn, Metopomystrum muriciense Silva & Skejo, sp. n. , is described from Atlantic Forest remnants in northeast of Brazil, collected on the Estação Serra do Ouro (municipality of Murici, Alagoas state). Distribution data, morphological characterization, and an identification key to Metopomystrum species are also presented.

  9. Paniculite fibrogranulomatosa focal em bovino de Minas Gerais Focal fibrogranulomatous paniculitis in a cow from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Suzan Varaschin

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available Um caso de "lechiguana" bovina, é relatado em bovino proveniente de Fama, MG, que apresentou aumento de volume de aproximadamente 30x8cm, de consistência firme e com superfície ulcerada, localizado no lado esquerdo da região toracolombar. As lesões microscópicas caracterizaram-se por paniculite piogranulomatosa proliferativa, com linfangite e microabscessos eosinofilicos. Em alguns abscessos havia rosetas (Splendore-HoeppIi associadas a bactérias Gram-negativas. Após a biópsia o animal foi tratado com 3g diárias de cloranfenicol, por 5 dias. Houve total recuperação dentro de 30 dias.A case of a disease known as bovine "lechiguana"' in a cow fron Fama, Minas Gerais is described. The cow presented a 30x8 cm hard swelling covered by ulcerated skin and located at the left side of the dorsum. Histologically there was proliferative piogranulomatous paniculitis with lymphamgitis and eosinophilic microabscesses. In some of the abscessos there were rosettes (Splendore-HoeppIi associated with Gram-negative bacteria. After a biopsy was performed the animal was treated with 3g/day cloranphenicol for 5 days with complete recovery within 30 days.

  10. Simulation studies of hydrodynamic aspects of magneto-inertial fusion and high order adaptive algorithms for Maxwell equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Lingling

    Three-dimensional simulations of the formation and implosion of plasma liners for the Plasma Jet Induced Magneto Inertial Fusion (PJMIF) have been performed using multiscale simulation technique based on the FronTier code. In the PJMIF concept, a plasma liner, formed by merging of a large number of radial, highly supersonic plasma jets, implodes on the target in the form of two compact plasma toroids, and compresses it to conditions of the nuclear fusion ignition. The propagation of a single jet with Mach number 60 from the plasma gun to the merging point was studied using the FronTier code. The simulation result was used as input to the 3D jet merger problem. The merger of 144, 125, and 625 jets and the formation and heating of plasma liner by compression waves have been studied and compared with recent theoretical predictions. The main result of the study is the prediction of the average Mach number reduction and the description of the liner structure and properties. We have also compared the effect of different merging radii. Spherically symmetric simulations of the implosion of plasma liners and compression of plasma targets have also been performed using the method of front tracking. The cases of single deuterium and xenon liners and double layer deuterium - xenon liners compressing various deuterium-tritium targets have been investigated, optimized for maximum fusion energy gains, and compared with theoretical predictions and scaling laws of [P. Parks, On the efficacy of imploding plasma liners for magnetized fusion target compression, Phys. Plasmas 15, 062506 (2008)]. In agreement with the theory, the fusion gain was significantly below unity for deuterium - tritium targets compressed by Mach 60 deuterium liners. In the most optimal setup for a given chamber size that contained a target with the initial radius of 20 cm compressed by 10 cm thick, Mach 60 xenon liner, the target ignition and fusion energy gain of 10 was achieved. Simulations also showed that

  11. O reflexo das relações de gênero no cotidiano da violência sexual intrafamiliar contra crianças e adolescentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleide Lavoratti

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho reflete sobre a dinâmica de famílias marcadas pela violência sexual, caracterizando a relação entre seus membros, estabelecendo o elo entre as relações assimétricas de poder entre homens e mulheres (além de desigualdades inter­geracionais e o cotidiano da violência intrafami­liar, em especial de caráter sexual, contra crianças e adolescentes, buscando ainda desmistificar a crença na “omissão da mãe” em relação a essas ocorrências. Geralmente, esse tipo de violência tem lugar em famílias com rompimento das fron­teiras intergeracionais e dificuldade de definição de papéis, resultando em resolução de conflitos com a mediação da violência. The work The Reflection of Gender Relations in the Everyday Experience of Incestuous Sexual Violence Against Children and Teenagers reflects on the dynam­ic of families marked by sexual violence, characterizing the relationship between their members and establishing the link between asymmetric power relations between men and women (beyond intergenerational inequalities and the everyday experience of intra-family violence, especially of a sexual nature, against children and teenagers. It also aims to demystify the belief in the “mother’s omission” in re­lation to such occurrences. As a rule, this type of violence is found in families where intergenerational boundaries have been breached and roles have been ill-defined, resulting in conflict resolution by means of violence. Keywords: sexual violence, gender relations, children, teenager, family

  12. Hemolymph circulation in insect sensory appendages: functional mechanics of antennal accessory pulsatile organs (auxiliary hearts) in the mosquito Anopheles gambiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boppana, Sushma; Hillyer, Julián F

    2014-09-01

    Mosquito antennae provide sensory input that modulates host-seeking, mating and oviposition behaviors. Thus, mosquitoes must ensure the efficient transport of molecules into and out of these appendages. To accomplish this, mosquitoes and other insects have evolved antennal accessory pulsatile organs (APOs) that drive hemolymph into the antennal space. This study characterizes the structural mechanics of hemolymph propulsion throughout the antennae of Anopheles gambiae. Using intravital video imaging, we show that mosquitoes possess paired antennal APOs that are located on each side of the head's dorsal midline. They are situated between the frons and the vertex in an area that is dorsal to the antenna but ventral to the medial-most region of the compound eyes. Antennal APOs contract in synchrony at 1 Hz, which is 45% slower than the heart. By means of histology and intravital imaging, we show that each antennal APO propels hemolymph into the antenna through an antennal vessel that traverses the length of the appendage and has an effective diameter of 1-2 μm. When hemolymph reaches the end of the appendage, it is discharged into the antennal hemocoel and returns to the head. Because a narrow vessel empties into a larger cavity, hemolymph travels up the antenna at 0.2 mm s(-1) but reduces its velocity by 75% as it returns to the head. Finally, treatment of mosquitoes with the anesthetic agent FlyNap (triethylamine) increases both antennal APO and heart contraction rates. In summary, this study presents a comprehensive functional characterization of circulatory physiology in the mosquito antennae. © 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

  13. A piedade socrática segundo Gregory Vlastos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Domingues da Motta

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo tem por objetivo apresentar e discutir a abordagem que Gregory Vlastos faz da piedade socrática, uma abordagem que tem o mérito de extrair tanto do Eutífron quanto da Apologia de Sócrates de Platão as premissas fundamentais desse problema, para só então explorar as suas consequências. Estas consequências podem surpreender o leitor na medida em que revelam o caráter subversivo das concepções socráticas explícitas e implícitas nesses textos. A tese central de Vlastos, segundo a qual Sócrates promove uma racionalização do divino, fica bem fundamentada, apesar de haver certo “exagero” na maneira unilateral como ele faz derivar a concepção socrática sobre o divino da moralidade humana. A coragem com que expõe as premissas e consequências dos textos leva ainda o leitor a reconhecer em Platão um autor cuja honestidade intelectual e coragem são patentes. Fica claro que o filósofo não escamoteia as posições subversivas de Sócrates em matéria religiosa, assumindo o risco de prejudicar a defesa do mestre frente ao julgamento da posteridade. O que parece justificar esse risco é a disposição de assumir a defesa intelectual dessas posições mesmo em seu caráter subversivo, intenção que fica plenamente confirmada no restante de sua obra e, principalmente, na República.

  14. El “córrer les armes”. Un aparte caballeresco en las exequias medievales hispanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Español, Francesca

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The study analyzes a ritual of the Hispanic medieval funerals dedicated to the members of the military estate (fron the knigth up to the king. The sources name or córrer les armes, solemnitat de descoament de cavaills, quebrantamiento de escudos or arrastre de banderas according to it is the Eastern territories or the kingdom of Castile and León. It is the survival of a Roman celebration the funus imperatorum, which there were leading the members of the equestrian order to the death of his maximum commander. Like in Rome, the celebration had his iconographic reflex during the Gothic centuries in peninsular ambiance. We find episodes of the same one in many tombs, be already in the sarcofagus or in the reliefs that they decorate the arch it occurred rarely that he shelters it.

    El estudio analiza un ritual de los funerales hispanos medievales consagrado a los miembros del estamento militar (desde el caballero al rey que las fuentes, denominan córrer les armes o solemnitat de descoament de cavaills o bien “quebrantamiento de escudos” y “arrastre de banderas” según se trate de los territorios orientales o del reino de Castilla y León. Supone la pervivencia de una celebración romana, el funus imperatorum, que protagonizaban los miembros del orden ecuestre a la muerte de su máximo caudillo. Como en Roma, la celebración tuvo su reflejo iconográfico durante los siglos del gótico en ámbito peninsular. La hallamos como parte de la ornamentación de muchos sepulcros, ya sea del sarcófago o de los relieves que decoran el arco solio que lo cobija.

  15. The detection and mapping of the spatial distribution of insect defense compounds by desorption atmospheric pressure photoionization Orbitrap mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rejšek, Jan; Vrkoslav, Vladimír; Hanus, Robert; Vaikkinen, Anu; Haapala, Markus; Kauppila, Tiina J; Kostiainen, Risto; Cvačka, Josef

    2015-07-30

    Many insects use chemicals synthesized in exocrine glands and stored in reservoirs to protect themselves. Two chemically defended insects were used as models for the development of a new rapid analytical method based on desorption atmospheric pressure photoionization-mass spectrometry (DAPPI-MS). The distribution of defensive chemicals on the insect body surface was studied. Since these chemicals are predominantly nonpolar, DAPPI was a suitable analytical method. Repeatability of DAPPI-MS signals and effects related to non-planarity and roughness of samples were investigated using acrylic sheets uniformly covered with an analyte. After that, analytical figures of merit of the technique were determined. The spatial distribution of (E)-1-nitropentadec-1-ene, a toxic nitro compound synthesized by soldiers of the termite Prorhinotermes simplex, was investigated. Then, the spatial distribution of the unsaturated aldehydes (E)-hex-2-enal, (E)-4-oxohex-2-enal, (E)-oct-2-enal, (E,E)-deca-2,4-dienal and (E)-dec-2-enal was monitored in the stink bug Graphosoma lineatum. Chemicals present on the body surface were scanned along the median line of the insect from the head to the abdomen and vice versa, employing either the MS or MS(2) mode. In this fast and simple way, the opening of the frontal gland on the frons of termite soldiers and the position of the frontal gland reservoir, extending deep into the abdominal cavity, were localized. In the stink bug, the opening of the metathoracic scent glands (ostiole) on the ventral side of the thorax as well as the gland reservoir in the median position under the ventral surface of the anterior abdomen were detected and localized. The developed method has future prospects in routine laboratory use in life sciences. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Marine alien species in Greek Seas: Additions and amendments by 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. ZENETOS

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available An update of the inventory of alien marine species from the coastal and offshore waters of Greece is presented. Records were compiled based on the existing scientific and grey literature, including the HCMR database of Greek alien species (ELNAIS, technical reports, scientific congresses, academic dissertations, websites, and unpublished/personal observations. 47 species were added to the inventory, including 34 invertebrates, one vertebrate (fish, three plants, eight protozoa, and one cyanobacterium. With the new records, the inventory of alien marine species of Greece now includes a total of 237 species (33 macrophytes, 131 invertebrates, 42 vertebrates, two bacteria and 29 protozoans. Among these, the presence of the gastropodHypselodoris infucata, the bivalvesDendrostrea frons and Septifer forskaliand the chondrichthyan Rhizoprionodon acutus is reported here for the first time. Based on molecular analysis, the occurrence of Bulla arabica in Greek waters is confirmed, and the suggestion that previous records of Bulla ampulla in the Mediterranean should be considered as misidentification of B. arabica is further supported. The acclimitization status of earlier records was revised in the light of new data, and thus the fishEnchelycore anatina, Seriola fasciata andTylerius spinosissimus, the red algaeHypnea cornuta and Sarconema scinaioides, the scyphomedusaCassiopea andromeda, the cephalopodSepioteuthis lessoniana, the nudibranchChromodoris annulata and the bivalvesGastrochaena cymbium andPseudochama corbieri were upgraded from casual records to established populations. The increased rate of introductions of warm water species confirms previous findings, which link the rate of introduction in the eastern Mediterranean to climate change.

  17. Brachylophora, a new brachypterous genus of Rhopalophorini (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin O. S. Clarke

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Brachylophora, a new brachypterous genus of Rhopalophorini (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae. Brachylophora auricollis (Bruch, 1918 comb. nov. = Pasiphyle auricollis Bruch, 1918, originally described from Argentina (Salta, is redescribed and illustrated. Although with reduced elytra, the genus is transferred from Rhinotragini to Rhopalophorini based on the following characters: eyes well separated in both sexes, frons between eyes depressed and lacking frontal suture; pro-, meso-, and metasternum planar; mesothorax parallel-sided, not at all declivous before mesosternal process; metasternum large, together with mesosternum twice length of prosternum, metepisternum very wide, entire suture separating it from metasternum clearly visible when viewed from below; female ovipositor shortened with short cylindrical styles; and, more generally, structural features of hind legs, and surface ornamentation. Habitus similar to Coremia group. Bolivian specimens were netted as they visited flowers of Croton sp. (Euphorbiaceae.Brachylophora, gênero braquíptero de Rhopalophorini (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae. Brachylophora auricollis (Bruch, 1918 comb. nov. = Pasiphyle auricollis Bruch, 1918, originalmente descrito de Argentina (Salta, é redescrito e ilustrado. Embora com élitros reduzidos, o gênero é incluído em Rhopalophorini com base nos seguintes caracteres: olhos bem afastados em ambos os sexos, fronte deprimida entre os lobos inferiores e sem sutura frontal, pro-, meso- e metasterno no mesmo nível, mesosterno com bordas laterais paralelas e sem declive antes do processo, metasterno amplo, junto com o mesosterno, duas vezes mais longo que prosterno, metepisterno largo, sutura metepisternal inteiramente visível, ovipositor encurtado com estilos pouco alongados e cilídricos e pela estrutura das pernas posteriores. Habitus semelhante do grupo Coremia. Os exemplares da Bolívia foram coletados quanto estavam visitando as flores de Croton sp. (Euphorbiaceae.

  18. Diseño de un sistema experto para la identificación de enfermedades en el cultivo del arroz Oryza sativa L. en Colombia

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    Jaramillo A. Alejandro

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available

    El "Sistema Experto" brinda información referente a la etiología, epidemiología, y control de 29 enfermedades del cultivo. Además cuenta con ayudas gráficas que sirven para la comparación visual de las conclusiones dadas por el programa y la observación realizada en el campo. El sistema realizado es el fruto del trabajo conjunto entre un experto (Fitopatólogo y los autores con la asesoría del director del trabajo, de otra parte el conocimiento está sustentado también en la revisión de literatura. Los criterios utilizados para la elaboración del programa fueron: estado fenológico de la planta, órgano o parte afectada, síntoma general y síntoma específico. Este "software" trabaja en computadores IBM o compatibles con sistema operacional MS-DOS, fue programado en lenguaje Turbo prolog y se utilizó un "System" para el enlace de los gráficos que son manejados por el progran18.VGIF.EXE.

    An "Expert System" to identify diseases in the Rice crop Oryza sativa L. in Colombia, It provides information about etiology, epidemiology, and control of 29 diseases. Also it has graphic helps which provide a visual comparison with field observations. The work was based on knowledge acquired fron expert and literature revision. The criteria used were: plant phenology, plant part damage, general damage and specific damage. This "software" works with IBM compatible MS-DOS and Turbo Prolog Shell, it must be used in computers wich have a color monitor.

  19. Study of Plasma Liner Driven Magnetized Target Fusion Via Advanced Simulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Samulyak, Roman V. [State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Stony Brook, NY (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Parks, Paul [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)

    2013-08-31

    The feasibility of the plasma liner driven Magnetized Target Fusion (MTF) via terascale numerical simulations will be assessed. In the MTF concept, a plasma liner, formed by merging of a number (60 or more) of radial, highly supersonic plasma jets, implodes on the target in the form of two compact plasma toroids, and compresses it to conditions of the fusion ignition. By avoiding major difficulties associated with both the traditional laser driven inertial confinement fusion and solid liner driven MTF, the plasma liner driven MTF potentially provides a low-cost and fast R&D path towards the demonstration of practical fusion energy. High fidelity numerical simulations of full nonlinear models associated with the plasma liner MTF using state-of-art numerical algorithms and terascale computing are necessary in order to resolve uncertainties and provide guidance for future experiments. At Stony Brook University, we have developed unique computational capabilities that ideally suite the MTF problem. The FronTier code, developed in collaboration with BNL and LANL under DOE funding including SciDAC for the simulation of 3D multi-material hydro and MHD flows, has beenbenchmarked and used for fundamental and engineering problems in energy science applications. We have performed 3D simulations of converging supersonic plasma jets, their merger and the formation of the plasma liner, and a study of the corresponding oblique shock problem. We have studied the implosion of the plasma liner on the magnetized plasma target by resolving Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in 2D and 3D and other relevant physics and estimate thermodynamic conditions of the target at the moment of maximum compression and the hydrodynamic efficiency of the method.

  20. El patronato Cervantes de México y los Colegios de provincias del exilio pedagógico de 1939 The Cervantes Foundation of México and the provincecities schools the exile pegagogical of 1939

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    José Ignacio CRUZ OROZCO

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los aspectos menos conocidos del exilio republicano de 1936 es su dimensión pedagógica. Los exiliados españoles en su azarosa trayectoria fundaron diversos centros docentes, casi todos ellos en México. Esos «colegios del exilio» pueden ser calificados de acuerdo con un criterio territorial. Unos se ubicaron en México ciudad y otros en diversas ciudades de provincias. Éstos últimos estuvieron promovidos, en su mayoría, por el Patronato Cervantes, entidad en la órbita del sector negrinista del exilio. El Patronato promovió colegios Cervantes en las localidades de Córdoba, Tampico, Veracruz, Tarreón, Jalapa y Tapachula. Casi todos tuvieron éxito, consiguieron consolidarse y varios continúan existiendo en la actualidad. El artículo reconstruye, a partir de diversas fuentes, en gran parte inéditas, la trayectoria y principales características de esos centros y del Patronato que los alentó.One of the less known aspects of the republican exile of 1936 is its pedagogical dimension. The Spanish exiled on their hazardous path founded some centers of education, mostly in Mexico. These «exile schools» can be qualified with a territorial criterion. Some of them were located in Mexico city, and others in different provincecities. These last ones were mostly promoted by the Cervantes Foundation, an organization in the orbit of the Negrin sector in the exile. The Foundation promoted Cervantes Schools in the places of Cordoba, Tampico, Veracruz, Jalapa and Tapachula. Nearly all of them were successful, they managed to become consolidated, and some of them still exist at the present time. The article reconstructs, fron some sources mostly unpublished, the trajectory and the main characteristics of these centers and of the foundation that encouraged them.

  1. Producción de conocimiento social: retos del investigador

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    Eustoquio García

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es contribuir a mejorar el proceso que debe seguir el investigador en la producciónde nuevo conocimiento en el campo social. El trabajo plantea que la contribución de la investigación social a laproducción de nuevo conocimiento, o al avance del conocimiento existente, ha sido limitada. Entre los factores quehan influido para ello desatacan: (a la falta de acuerdo entre los propios investigadores sobre el conocimiento queexiste y su naturaleza; (b el apego a los paradigmas que han sido aceptados y tienen vigencia; (c la incertidumbre yla ambigüedad que puedan generar las prácticas de investigación propiamente dichas; y (d la actitud y la motivacióndel propio investigador. Luego de un análisis de los elementos críticos de la investigación social (investigador, sistemasocial y método el trabajo presenta una serie de tácticas que el investigador podría utilizar para responder a los retosque debe enfrentar en su producción de nuevo conocimiento. Para concluir, se hace una breve síntesis sobre la frónesisy la investigación social fronética que tomaría en consideración elementos fundamentales que la investigación de lasciencias puras no considera, como sería el caso de la prudencia y la sabiduría práctica.

  2. Formación inicial del profesorado de primaria en el área de matemáticas

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    Lorenzo J. BLANCO NIETO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Diferentes acontecimiento desabollados en las últimas décadas, han provocado un cambio espectacular, tanto en la Educación Matemática como en la Formación Inicial del Profesorado de Matemáticas. Algunos de ellos son recordados en el presente trabajo, resaltándose la evolución habida en el curriculum de la Formación de Profesores, donde consideramos que el Conocimiento Didáctico del Contenido debe ser el conocimiento base para la formación de los futuros profesores. Desde esta perspectiva, en la segunda parte del trabajo se indican dos ejemplos de nuevos materiales que ayudan a crear entornos de aprendizajes sobre la enseñanza de las Matemáticas en las actuales Facultades de Educación.ABSTRACT: Different events which have taken place during the last decades, have led to a big change in Mathematical Education as well as in Initial Teacher Training. Some of those events are pointed out in this paper, which shows the developement of the Teacher Training Curriculum. Futhermore we consider that the Pedagogical Content Knowledge must be the basic kolewledge for the training of future teachers. Fron this point o view, the second part of the paper sets two exemples of new materials that can help to create a learning atmosphere of the teaching of Maths in the modern Teacher Training Colleges.RESUME: Plusiers évéments qui se sont passés pendant les dernières décades ont entraîné un changement spectaculaire, aussi bien dans l'enseignement des Mathématiques que dans la Formation Initiales des Professeurs de Mathématiques. Quelques-ons de ces événements sont présentés dans ce travail-si, qui met en relief le dévoulement du curriculum dans la Formation des Professeurs où nous considérons que la connaissance Didactique du Contenu doit être le point de départ pour la Formation des Futurs Professeurs. De ce point de vue, la deuxième partie du travail montre deux exemples de nouveaux matériaux qui aident à créer des

  3. La reconstrucción significativa de la iglesia de Sant Bartomeu de Navarcles, Cataluña

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    González Moreno-Navarro, Antoni

    1991-02-01

    Full Text Available In the outskirts of Narvacles (county of Bages, province of Barcelona, the remains of a small medieval church, desecrated in 1936 and abandoned to its fortune after the civil war, ran the risk of disappearing. In 1984, the municipal government asked the Diputació for help to stop the deterioration and offer some solution for the preservation of the remains. The initial scientific work discovered that structures from a Roman villa from the I century had been used in the construction of the chapel, an that the first building from the XIII century was expanded in the XVII, taking advantage of some of the elements of the primitive Romanesque portal. The solution projected was based on the consolidation of the ruin, and the construction of a small covered space —that recalI the volume of the first temple— delimited by the preserved medieval walls and other new ones. A platform separates this from the Roman remains. The effort was topped off with a small square in fron of the now disappeared north façade.

    En un arrabal de Navarcles (comarca del Bages, provincia de Barcelona, los restos de una pequeña iglesia medieval profanada en 1936 y abandonada a su suerte después de la guerra civil, corrían el peligro de desaparecer Hacia 1984, el Ayuntamiento solicitó ayuda a la Diputación para detener el deterioro y dar alguna solución para la conservación de los restos. Los trabajos científicos iniciales evidenciaron que en la construcción de la capilla se habían aprovechado estructuras de una villa romana del siglo I y que el primer edificio del siglo XIII fue ampliado en el XVII, aprovechando algunos elementos de la portada románica primitiva. La solución proyectada se basó en la consolidación de la ruina, y la habilitación de un pequeño espacio cubierto —que recuerda el volumen del templo inicial— delimitado por los muros medievales conservados y otros nuevos. Una plataforma separa este espacio de los restos romanos

  4. VALUACIÓN BIOÉTICA DEL PROYECTO "GENOMA HUMANO" AVALIAÇÃO BIOÉTICA DO PROJETO "GENOME HUMANO" BIOETHICAL VALIDATION OF THE "HUMAN GENOME PROJECT"

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    Leonides Santos y Vargas

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto propone una serie de reflexiones que se desprenden de los recientes progresos acaecidos en las investigaciones sobre el Proyecto del Genoma Humano, los cuales conducen al fortalecimiento acelerado de conocimientos y tecnologías biomédicas. Las nuevas afirmaciones sobre la naturaleza biológica de la especie humana, legitimadas por estos nuevos progresos, posibilitan reexaminar explicaciones mitológicas y metafísicas acumuladas desde hace milenios, en el contexto de una nueva antropología filosófica. Los progresos en las intervenciones de la ciencia médica sobre la salud y la calidad de la vida humana permiten evaluar nuevamente la legitimidad de una serie de nuevas posibilidades biomédicas. Es así como este texto aborda también, de manera particular, la temática de la clonación y de sus distintos aspectos económicos y políticosEste texto propõe reflexões sobre os recentes progressos apresentados pelas investigações decorrentes do Projeto Genoma Humano que conduzem a sólidos conhecimentos em tecnologias biomedicas. As novas informações sobre a natureza da espécie humana obtidas por esses avanços permitem reexaminar explicações mitológicas e metafísicas acumuladas por milênios através da ótica da antropologia filosófica. Os progressos nas intervenções da ciência sobre a saúde e qualidade de vida humana permitem avaliar a legitimidade de uma série de proposições biomédicas. Nesse sentido, o presente texto apresenta reflexões sobre o tema da clonagem e seus diferentes aspectos econômicos e políticosThis text proposes a number of reflections that issue fron the recent advancements that have taken place in investigations on the Human Genoma Project, which lead to the accelerated reinforcement of biomedical knowledge and technologies. The new statements upon human species’ biological nature, legitimated by these new progress, allow us to reexamine the mythological and metaphysical explanations

  5. Un método para la identificación de tres especies crípticas de Protesilaus, (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae del sur de Brasil, basado en su morfología genital

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    Luis Ricardo Murillo-Hiller

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Analizo la estructura genital de los machos de tres especies de Protesilaus de Río Grande du Sul en Brasil, debido a que los caracteres morfológicos externos no proporcionan la información suficiente para identificarlas hasta el nivel de especie. Las tres especies se pueden encontrar en zonas de simpatría y en los mismos meses del año. Se nombraron y dibujaron las estructuras diagnósticas para cada una de las especies. Características morfológicas externas como el grosor, separación y presencia o ausencia de las bandas negras, y los colores en la cabeza, no son útiles para separar a P. nigricornis de P. stenodesmus y de P. helios. El grupo presenta una alta variabilidad morfológica, por lo que identificarlas a nivel de especie puede resultar difícil, principalmente si los especímenes se encuentran deteriorados. La identificación confiable se debe realizar mediante el estudio de los órganos genitales de los machos.A method to identify the three cryptic species of Protesilaus, (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae from southern Brazil, based on genital morphology. I describe the male genital structures of three species of butterflies from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Their external patterns do not differ enough to determine one species from another. All inhabit the same areas at the same time of the year. In an attempt to find a constant difference among them, as well as to establish the range of variability in each species, series of butterflies from different localities were dissected. The diagnostic structures found in all three species were named and drawn for their identification. Color patterns, width, separateness and presence or absence of the black bands and the color of the frons are not useful for recognizing P. nigricornis from P. stenodesmus or P. helios. The species group studied shows major morphological variability. For that reason, species level identification can be extremely difficult, particularly if the specimens are

  6. Flora y vegetación del valle superior del Rió Atuel (Mendoza-Argentina Flora and vegetation of the Upper Valley of the Atuel River (Mendoza-Argentina

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    Ernesto A Morici

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available El valle superior del Río Atuel presenta variaciones altitudinales y topográficas, siendo un territorio de confluencia de elementos propios de las provincias fitogeográficas Andina, del Monte, de la estepa Patagónica y de la Payunia. En este trabajo se estudia su flora y vegetación, a través de censos florísticos siguiendo la metodología de Braun-Blanquet (1979. A partir de la matriz de especies por censos se determinó el espectro biológico ponderado y la diversidad florística. Además, se estimó la cobertura basal registrándose los porcentajes de vegetación, broza, suelo desnudo, roca y fragmentos de roca. El estudio se desarrolló en un área restringida a la vertiente norte del Río Atuel entre su intersección con la Ruta Nacional 40 y las inmediaciones de la Planta de Azufre. En los censos se registraron un total de 89 especies pertenecientes a 36 familias, siendo las más numerosas Asteraceae, Poaceae, Verbenaceae, Fabaceae y Solanaceae. El 96% de las especies son nativas y sólo el 4% exóticas. Se diferenciaron 15 comunidades: 12 matorrales, 1 pastizal, 1 herbazal y 1 estepa de cojines.In this study we present a description of the flora and vegetation of the upper valley of Rio Atuel, Mendoza Province. In this area, characteristic taxa fron the Andina, Monte, Payunia and Patagonia Phytogeographical Provinces overlap their ranges. Considering that Atuel river high valley shows relevant altitudinal and topographical variations and a confluence of typical components from Andina, Monte, Patagonia and Payunia phytogeographic provinces, we plained to study, flora and vegetation. Floristic censuses were performed according to Braun-Blanquet (1979 and the matrix at coverage species was used to obtain cover data, weighted biological spectrum and floristic diversity. Furthermore, basal cover was estimated and vegetation, litter, bare soil, stones and stone pieces were recorded. This research was developed in an area restricted to the

  7. Comportamento de Hedypathes betulinus (Klug, 1825 em erva-mate em campo Behavior of Hedypathes betulinus (Klug, 1825 on the Paraguay tea plants

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    Jerson Vanderlei Carús Guedes

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Foi avaliado o comportamento de cópula, postura, alimentação e deslocamento da broca da erva-mate, Hedypathes betulinus (Klug, 1825, na área experimental da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. Essas características da broca foram avaliadas por um período de quatro dias através de observações visuais (de hora em hora, em duas gaiolas teladas colocadas sobre um ramo da planta, e contendo dois casais do inseto/gaiola. Observou-se que o macho, quando acompanhado de uma fêmea, tenta copular imediatamente, realizando cópulas durante todos os perí odos do dia, principalmente entre 14 e 18h, e em toda a extensão do ramo. A postura ocorreu nos ramos de 15-20mm de diâmetro. A maior intensidade de alimentação ocorreu no período compreendido entre 10 e 18h, sendo preferencialmente realizada em ramos de 30-40mm de diâmetro. O inseto apresentou comportamento sedentário e de fácil localizaç ;ão em função de sua limitada e lenta movimentação. Esses resultados são importantes para localização, amostragem, catação manual e manejo da praga.A trial was carried out in the experimental area of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria to study the behaviour of mating, egg-laying, feeding and movement of Hedypathes betulinus (Klug, 1825 in the Paraguay tea (Ilex paraguariensis. These characteristics were monitored during four days (hourly in two screen cages, each envolving a branch of a plant and containing two adult couples of H. betulinus. When approaching a female, the male tried to copulate immediately and usually mated several times during the day mainly between 2:00 and 6:00pm and on along the branch. Egg-laying was more frequent on branches between 15 and 20mm in diameter. Feeding ocorred more intensivel y fron 10:00am to 6:00p.m preferently on branches between 30 and 4mm in diameter The adults showed limited movement and sedentary behaviour.

  8. New species and distribution records of Mesoamerican Ateuchus (Coleoptera:Scarabaeidae

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    Bert Kohlmann

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes three new species of Ateuchus for Mesoamerica. The new taxa are: A. gershensoni (copulatory hooks subequal in size and spinelike, A. perezvelai (small size; frons very convex; one very big copulatory hook and two small spine-like ones associated with a spiny fascies and A. perpusillus (anterior pronotal margin incomplete; small and compact copulatory hooks, associated with a spiny fascies from southern Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras. Redescriptions are also given for A. chrysopyge (Bates (big size; copulatory hooks, one big, a spine-like medium-sized one and a hook-like small one and A. guatemalensis (Bates (pronotum punctured; anterior pronotal margin almost effaced; pygidium convex; copulatory hooks, two small and compact and one very thin and curved. New country and distributional records are also registered for Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador. Distribution map, internal sac of aedeagus illustrations and photographs of dorsal habitus are included, as well as drawings of the dorsal habitus of the three new species. The present work clarifies the situation of the genus in Mesoamerica and updates knowledge of the group in Mexico.Este trabajo describe tres nuevas especies de Ateuchus para Mesoamérica. Los nuevos taxa son: A. gershensoni, A. perezvelai y A.perpusillus del sur de México, Guatemala y Honduras. Se incluyen redescripciones de A. chrysopyge (Bates y A. guatemalensis (Bates. Se citan nuevos registros de países y de distribución para México, Guatemala, Belice, Honduras y El Salvador. Se incluyen mapas, ilustraciones del saco interno del edeago y fotografías del hábito dorsal, así como ilustraciones del hábito dorsal de las tres nuevas especies. Este estudio representa una extensión del trabajo originalmente realizado para los Ateuchus de Norteamérica (Kohlmann 1984. El trabajo clarifica la situación del género en Mesoamérica. También actualiza el conocimiento del grupo para M

  9. Los bronces orientalizantes del Museo de Huelva : El "Thymaterion" de la Joya

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    Elena María Orta García

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Se trata en esta serie de «Los Bronces orientalizantes del Museo de Huelva» de realizar un estudio estilístico y de los programas iconográficos, de una serie de objetos de bronce, recuperados en las excavaciones arqueológicas de La Joya, en el término municipal de la ciudad de Huelva, que se exhiben o conservan en el Museo de Huelva. Si bien estos bronces fueron publicados dentro de su contexto en las correspondientes Memorias de la Serie E.A.E. no han sido objeto de un estudio pormenorizado. Por otra parte cuando tratamos de comprender la difusión del Arte clásico en la periferia del Mediterráneo siguiendo a Boardman' nos damos cuenta de las lagunas que existen a la hora de comprender cómo llega al sur peninsular esta corriente artística, que proviene del Mediterráneo oriental y que comienza a conformar lo que los especialistas han dado en llamar el arte tartésico y en el que hunde sus raíces sin duda el llamado arte ibérico. Nuestro estudio de hoy se ciñe al de una pieza única y singular, el Thymaterion o candelabro de La Joya, objeto suntuario de arte orientalizante de los siglos VIII-VII a. de C, probable obra de un metalurgo tartéssico. We try in this series «Orientaiizing bronzes of Huelva Museum» to accomplish a stylistic study and also of the inocographic programmes, of a series of bronze objects, recuperated in the archaeological excavations of «La Joya», in the municipal district of Huelva city, that are shown or kept in Huelva Museum. Though these bronzes were published in their context in the memoirs of the Series E.A.E. they have not been studied in deep one by one. On the other hand when we try to understand the diffusion of Classical Art in the outskirts of the Mediterranean, following Boardman we realise of the missing that exist when we try to understand how this artistic influence reaches the south of the península, that comes fron the East Mediterranean and that begins to shape what the specialists have

  10. Feeding mechanisms and ecology of pycnodont fishes (Neopterygii, Pycnodontiformes

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    J. Kriwet

    2001-01-01

    seit dem Eozän ausgestorbenen Neopterygier-Gruppe der Pycnodontier wird im Vergleich zu einigen rezenten Halecostomen (Amia calva, verschiedene Teleosteer untersucht und diskutiert. Dazu wird eine kurze Übersicht über die funktionellen Einheiten des Pycnodontierschädels gegeben. Die Kinematik des Nahrungsaufnahmeapparates der Pycnodontier stellt einen Übergang von der einfachen, stereotypischen Kinematik primitiver Actinopterygier zu der modulierenden Kinematik fortschrittlicher Teleosteer dar und wird hier als limitierte, modulierende Kinematik bezeichnet. Zwei structurelle Spezialisationen, die bei Halecostomi entwickelt sind (Operculum mit distinkten m. levator operculare und das Interoperculare mit dem interoperculare Ligament fehlen bei Pycnodontiern, wogegen sie die zwei primitiven Verbindungen zwischen den epaxialen Muskeln und dem Neurocrani-um und zwischen den hypaxialen Muskeln, dem Cleithrum und dem Sternohyoidmuskel für die direkte Unterkieferabsenkung beibehalten. Fortschrittliche Pycnodontier entwickeln aber eine neue Struktur (bewegliches Maxillare und Premaxillare zur Erweiterung des buccopharyngealen Raumes, die bei Halecomorphen als auch ursprünglichen Pycnodontiern (z. B. †Ardua-frons, †Mesturus fehlt: Maxillare und Prämaxillare werden aus dem Schädelverband gelöst und beide werden gegeneinander beweglich Während der Mandibulardepression schwingt das nun freie Maxillare um einen vorderen Artikulationszapfen antero-ventrad und drückt das Prämaxillare nach vorne in Richtung Beute. Die ökomorphologische Untersuchung zeigt, dass der Rachenraum als „truncated-cone”, wie er für Teleosteer mit ausgeprägtem Schnappsaugmechanismus typisch ist, rekonstruiert werden kann. Die Kinematik des Kieferapparates der Pycnodontier repräsentiert somit eine Kombination aus reinem Beißen und Schnappsaugen. Pycnodontier ernährten sich vermutlich omnivor sowohl von schalentragenden als auch schalenlosen Invertebraten ernährten. Vermutlich waren

  11. Influência do fotoperíodo e da temperatura na intensidade de doença causada por Fusarium graminearum em Egeria densa e E. najas Influence of the photoperiod and temperature on the intensity of disease caused by Fusarium graminearum in Egeria densa and E. najas

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    C.R. Borges Neto

    2005-09-01

    mass production under 12 hours of light and at temperatures belou 25 ºC, and the lowest production in the dark and at temperature of 30 and 35 ºC, while E. najas presented lower fresh mass production in the dark and at temperatures fron 25 to 35 ºC.

  12. Male degus, Octodon degus, modify their dustbathing behavior in response to social familiarity of previous dustbathing marks Machos de Octodon degus modifican su conducta de baños de tierra en respuesta a la familiaridad social de marcas previas

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    Luis A. Ebensperger

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available A previous experiment suggested that male degus, Octodon degus, use dustbathing during intrasexual communication. Herein, we assessed whether dustbathing by male and female degus is influenced by the social familiarity of previous marks. During 15-min tests, we contrasted the behavior of degus individually exposed during to an arena containing loose, previously dustbathed sand by a same-sex and socially familiar individual with that of degus exposed to an arena with soil previously dustbathed by a same-sex but socially unfamiliar conspecific. We measured the number of dusbathing eventts per min, the latency of first dusbathing event, and the location of dusbathing events by depositor and responser individuals. Both male and female degus dusbathe at a higher rate when subjected to soil previously used by a familiar conspecific tha when exposed to a substratum previously dusbathed by an unfamiliar degu. The latency of first dusbathing event by responser male or female degu was unaffected by the social familiarity of previous marks left by depositors. Similary, the place chosen by male and female responders to conduct their dusbathing behavior was unrelated to the micro-location of previous marks left by a familiar or an unfamiliar depositor degu. We conclude that degus are capable of discriminating socially familiar fron unfamiliar scents of conspecifics and deposited in the substratum during dusbathing . We discuss the implications of such ability in the context of degu social bahavior.Un experimento previo reveló que machos del roedor Octodon degus modifican su conducta de baños de tierra en respuesta a marcas previas de otros individuos del mismo sexo. En este estudio evaluamos si los baños de tierra de machos y hembras de este roedor son o no afectados por la familiaridad social de marcas previas. Para ello, comparamos el comportamiento de degus expuestos individualmente durante experimentos de 15 min a una arena experimental marcada

  13. CONSTRUCCIÓN DE UNA RED INSTITUCIONAL DE APOYO PARA LA POBLACIÓN HABITANTE DE LA CALLE: TEJIENDO REDES Construction of an institutional network for homeless support: weaving networks

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    Zulma Giraldo Rátiva

    2007-06-01

    been developed being pertinent to deepen this thematic. Objectives. To approach the problematic homeless to fron the model of the human rights and the relevance of the institutional networks in the process of social inclusion of this population. To fortify a network of institutional support offering an option of social participation for the inhabitant and ex-inhabitant of street. Material and methods. This investigation approaches to the population inhabitant and ex-inhabitant of street of Bogota. The contributor institutions of this process of fortification of the network are located within Bogota. Results. Of the 43 detected institutions, 29 offered information, being 14 institutions to which access could not be had, by reasons like: incorrect change of residence, telephone numbers and absence of the in charge personnel who provided information. Conclusion. Within the detected institutions different levels from attention for the population exist inhabitant and ex-inhabitant of infantile and adult street (prevention, promotion, rehabilitation in addition to support and pursuit by these institutions within the Public and Deprived sector.

  14. Maduración sexual en niños con diabetes mellitus tipo 1 tratados con dosis múltiples de insulina Sexual maturation in children presenting with Type 1 diabetes mellitus treated with multiple dose of insulin.

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    Tania Espinosa Reyes

    2007-04-01

    Infantile Endocrinlogy. A non-concurrent prospective study of medical records of patients treated withmultiple dose of insulin, from 32 boys and 28 girls resident in urban areas lenghwise followed by clinical examinatio and periodic biochemical determinarions fron onset of 1 MD to achieve its final height. Metabolic control was assessed by means of glycolised hemoglobin (HbA1 performed quarterly, and classified by Institution criteria as good (G; 10 %. Mean age with a testicular volume of 4 mL was of 12,5 ? 8 years; in girls onset of breast development contrasted with average age of 11,4 years, and menarche occured at 12,9 ? 1,2 years. Also, it was confirmed that 31 patients have a B metabolic control (51,6 %, 11 R (36,7 %, and 7 M (11,7 %. It was conclude that treatment with multiple dose of insulin has a favourable end decisive influence on degree of metabolic control, whith allows a appropriate pubertal development in patients presenting 1 MD.

  15. Centralidade do dinheiro na espiritualidade neopentecostal

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    Drance Elias da Silva

    2009-05-01

    profane God, to destroy him. Can this be so? The tithe is money. It is something that belongs to God. One perceives a certain Mystic, developed fron a resignification constant process. Symbolical perspective compounds this object, called, nominated money, comprehensive analysis, money that, in neo-pentecostal cult space, increases in inportance and expressiveness in faith regarding to those ones who look for victony, conquest, prosperity. KEYWORDS: Spirituality; Money; Social Bond; Gift; Neopentecostalism.

  16. Processamento mínimo de mamão 'formosa' Fresh cut of 'formosa' papaya

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    Gustavo Henrique de Almeida TEIXEIRA

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi conduzido para verificar o efeito do tamanho do corte, 2,5 x 2,5cm (corte 1 e 2,5 x 5,0cm (corte 2, e da temperatura de armazenamento (3, 6 e 9ºC, na velocidade da modificação da atmosfera ambiente e nas características químicas de mamões do grupo `Formosa' minimamente processados e embalados em copos plásticos (500ml. A concentração de CO2 no interior destes copos aumentou 2 a 3 vezes, durante as primeiras 6 horas após o corte, para depois diminuir e se estabilizar. Esta concentração aumentou com o aumento da temperatura de armazenamento. A umidade dos pedaços diminuiu consideravelmente nos dois primeiros dias, e a temperatura que melhor conservou a umidade foi a de 6ºC. A acidez total titulável foi menor no corte 2, com as maiores reduções a 6 e 9oC. Os teores de sólidos solúveis totais não variaram entre os tratamentos, e os cuidados higiênicos adotados durante o processamento permitiram a obtenção de produtos com baixa contagem microbiana, 10³UFC.g-1 nos pedaços armazenados a 9ºC após sete dias, e com boa manutenção da qualidade sensorial das mesmas. Estes resultados permitem indicar o mamão `Formosa' para a produção de produtos minimamente processados, na forma de pedaços, com conservação refrigerada (3 e 6ºC por um período de 7 dias.This work was undertaken to verify the effect of cutting size, 2.5 x 2.5cm (chunk 1, 2.5 x 5.0cm (chunk 2, and storage temperatures (3, 6 and 9ºC, on atmosphere modification rate and chemical characteristics of `Formosa' fresh-cut papaya packed in plastic cups (500 ml. The CO2 concentration into theses cups increased fron two to three fold during first 6 hours after cutting, then it decreased and stabilized. This concentration increased with the storage temperature increasing. The chunks's moisture remarkably decreased in the first 2 days, and the temperature which best sustained the moisture was 6ºC. The titratable total acidity was lower in chunk 2

  17. Efeito do Estádio Vegetativo do Sorgo (Sorghum bicolor, (L. Moench sobre a Composição Química da Silagem, Consumo, Produção e Teor de Gordura do Leite para Vacas em lactação, em Comparação à Silagem de Milho (Zea mays (L. Effect of the Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor, (L. Moench Growth Stage on the Silage Chemical Composition, Intake, Milk Production and Fat on Dairy Cattle, Compared with Corn Silage

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    Argélia Maria Araújo Dias

    2001-12-01

    and the lactating order and consisted of three cows and three periods. Each period was performed by 28 days. The following treatments were tested: CS -- corn silage, SSB -- sorghum silage in a boot stage and, SSM -- sorghum silage in a milk grain stage in addition to 25 kg of spineless cactus animal/day and commercial concentrate according to milk production. The animals fed with corn silage showed the highest dry matter intake of the silage and of the total diet, when compared to those fed with sorghum silage at the two growth stage tested. There were no significant effects of the vegetative stage on sorghum silage intake. It was observed higher milk yield and 4% fat corrected milk yield for the animals that consumed corn silage compared to the animals that received sorghum silage in the milk grain stage. The cows fed with sorghum silage at the boot stage did not differ fron those fed the other two treatments. No significant differences were observed among the tested silages for the milk fat content.

  18. The Terascale Simulation Tools and Technologies Center Annual Report August 15, 2001-September 30, 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glimm, J; Brown, D L; Freitag, L

    2002-09-30

    application-motivated collaborations. For this reason, the routes to the goals have been modified in some cases, but good progress has been obtained for all of the targeted application teams. For example, in the case of the electromagnetic code for accelerator design, the original goal of developing more stable meshes has been enlarged to include the underlying difficulty which motivated this goal: to cure or ameliorate instabilities of the time stepping algorithm. With the fusion M3D code, we decided to work initially with a related, but smaller and more easily modified code from the same application team, for initial testing and proof of principle, as the full M3D code proved difficult to work with. In several applications (astrophysics, climate), our initial technology development goals were met, and while we await their use or evaluation, further collaborative goals will be pursued. The spray breakup problem achieved initial success and awaits adaptive TSTT technology to allow refined grid simulations for its next steps. We plan to continue the intensive effort to insert our existing advanced mesh and discretization technology into existing application codes for the coming year. Our main progress towards the development of new technology has been the definition of the low level interface to a variety of mesh generation and adaptive mesh management tools. This interface provides a common calling convention that will allow an application to call any compliant mesh tool in an interchangeable fashion. Most of the TSTT advanced meshing tools have been or will be made compliant to this interface. We have also pursued one-on-one interoperability goals with the development of interoperability between the FronTier front-tracking library and the Overture mesh library. This goal, advanced from year two to year one because of its need in one of our applications, has made good progress, and will be completed in the coming year. Finally, we mention the integration of this effort

  19. METODOLOGÍA LÚDICA Y APRENDIZAJE SIGNIFICATIVO EN GEOGRAFÍA. PROPUESTA DE UN JUEGO DE SIMULACIÓN PARA LA EDUCACIÓN INTERCULTURAL

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    María Jesús Marrón Gaite

    2005-12-01

    the learning. For it, nothing better than to resort more to the activity desired by children and adolescents: the play. The playful methodology, in addition to being highly motivating constitutes specially suitable means to develop in the individual an ample range of capacities in the three scopes of the knowledge: conceptual, procedural and actitudinal, contributing effectively to its socialization. From this perspective we have designed the simulation game "Differents but equals", that allows to work the Primary students of and E.S.O. different aspects of intercultural education the Geography from, that as social science contributes to develop the values of citicen coexistence fron an ample and integrating approach. KEY WORDS:Intercultural education in values, citizen coexistence, playful methodology, intrinsic motivation, active education, simulation games. RESUMÉ:Dans l'article présent est analysé le besoin qui existe de nos jours dans notre pays pour arbitrer les nouvelles stratégies didactiques, qui permettent de s'approcher avec l'eficacité de la formation d'enfants et des adolescents dans des valeurs pour la vie civile ensemble, dans une société que cha- que jour devient plus interculturel comme la conséquence de I'arrivée massive d'irnmigrants pro- venant de secteurs tres divers culturels. Nous avons pensé que pour obtenir des résultats positifs est indispensable développer dans les étudiant la motivation intrinseque vers l'étude. Pour cela, rien mieux que pour faire appel l'activi- té le plus désirable par des enfants et des adolescents : le jeu. La méthodologie espiegle, á c6té d'etre fortement motivative, constitue une faqons particulierement appropriée de développer dans I'individu une largue échelle de capacités dans trois secteurs de savoir : conceptuel, procédural et attitudinal, contribuant efficacement a son socialisation. De cette perspective que nous avons conqu le jeu de simulation "Différents mais égales", cela laisse

  20. Molecular characterization in patients with chronic granulomatous disease due to p47phox deficiency Caracterización molecular en pacientes con enfermedad granulomatosa crónica por deficiencia en p47 phox

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    Diana García de Olarte

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available NADPH oxidase system is an enzymatic electron transport complex localized in the membrane of phagocytic cells. Several proteins belong to this system: A flavocytochrome b558, formed by a b chain (gp91.phox and an a chain (p22.phox and, at least, 3 cytosolic proteins (p47.phox, p67.phox and p40 phox. Genetic alteration in any of these proteins causes the syndrome of Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD. Characterization of mutations in patients with CGD has been fundamental to elucidate the structure and function of NADPH oxidase system ComponentS. Several findings make p47.phoX an interesting model to study the molecular mechanism involved in regulating the expreSSion and bioChemical function ofthis system. So far, in patients with p47.phoX defect a deletion of dinucleotide GT has been foUnd at the beginning of exon 2; most of them are homocygotic for this deletion which is probably due to recombinant events between normal p47.phoX gen and a recently described pseudogen. Any mutation found when diagnosing non.homocygotic patients (gDNA or cDNA may represent a pseudogen change. Therefore, for precise identification of the genetic defect it is necessary to separate the normal gen from the pseudogen and to analyze individual sequences. Non.homocygotic patients posibly have a second mutation in the wild type allele different fron GT deletion. On the other hand, through site. oriented mutagenesis it is posible to modify some of the aminoacids or domains of p47.phoX, which may be essential for its function and relationship with CGD. With this method010gy it is possible to introduce changes in a gen whoSe sequence is thoroughly known and which is amplified; mutants So generated can give information concerning the structure and function of the analyzed genes, observing their effect on function. In this way the importance of a structural change on the function of a protein can be determined. El sistema NAOPH oxidasa es un complejo enzimático transportador

  1. A Study of the Relationship between Mulla Sadra's " Extra-Intellectual Order" and Kierkegaard's "Sphere of Religion"

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    Mahmoud Reza Sadraei

    2016-09-01

    , Kierkegaard is a known to be a harsh critic of rationalism. He wants to remind his readers of limitations of human reason. Placing faith in the center of Christian thinking, he believed that intellect has no role in religious creed; and that the object of faith has to be paradoxical. Without submission to the paradoxical, the necessary passion and the ground for decision would not be peovided. Submitting to the paradoxical, a passionate human being displays his/her exyreme passion and commitment to the object of his/her faith, which is a paradox, and paradoxical as much as the paradox itself. In Kierkegaard's view, the void arising from the inconsistency of two discrete, and at the same time, subsequent issues (ethical and religious life is filled by an existential issue, namely deapair. Such a despair, he argues, is an existential process swallowing the entire individual existence and is the result of paradoxes and substantial impasses that an individual faces within the extant conditions of his/her own life, becoming the turning point where a human being is detached fron morality and adjoins religion. Such a despair is deliberaye and chosen. Humans cannot be desperate without spliciting despair. When resolving it correctly, an individual would go beyond it righteously. In Islamic view, however, faith is not an anti rational category. In Mulla Sadra's view, faith is inclusive of instinctive knowledge and intuitive knowledge. Faith has various grades, one being intuitive. Another grade is the knowledge of God through argumentative comparison. Although faith is a matter of heart/instinct, the heartfelt/instinctive faith is not exclusive to exploratory knowledge; and knowledge of God through reasoning and arguments could be considered heartfelt/inatinctive faith. He tries to reconcile intellect and religion; or in other words, gnosticism and argumentation. In his specific semantic analytic method, Mulla Sadra links elements seemingly not directly related to the concept of faith

  2. 13th National Congress of the South African Society of Psychiatrists, 20-23 September 2004

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    Eugene Allers

    2004-10-01

    , Liezl Koen 45. Buprenorphine/Naloxone maintenance in office practice: 18 months and 170 patients after the American release Ted Parran Jr, Chris Adelman 46. Integration of Pharmacotherapy for Opioid dependence into general psychiatric practice: Naltrexone, Methadone and Buprenorphine/ Naloxone Ted Parran 47. Our African understanding of individulalism and communitarianism Willie Pienaar 48. Healthy ageing and the prevention of Dementia Felix Potocnik, Susan van Rensburg, Christianne Bouwens 49. Indigenous plants and methods used by traditional African healers for treatinf psychiatric patients in the Soutpansberg Area (Research was done in 1998 Ramovha Muvhango Rachel 50. Symptom pattern & associated psychiatric disorders in subjects with possible & confirmed 22Q11 deletional syndrome J.L. Roos, H.W. Pretorius, M. Karayiorgou 51. Duration of antidepressant treatment: How long is long enough? How long is too long Steven P Roose 52. A comparison study of early non-psychotic deviant behaviour in the first ten years of life, in Afrikaner patients with Schizophrenia, Schizo-affective disorder and Bipolar disorder Martin Scholtz, Melissa Janse van Rensburg, J. Louw Roos 53. Treatment, treatment issues, and prevention of PTSD in women: An update Soraya Seedat 54. Fron neural networks to clinical practice M Spitzer 55. Opening keynote presentation: The art and science of Psychiatry M Spitzer 56. The future of Pharmacotherapy for anxiety disorders Dan J. Stein 57. Neuropsychological deficits pre and post Electro Convulsive Therapy (ECT thrice a week: A report of four cases Ugash Subramaney, Yusuf Moosa 58. Prevalence of and risk factors for Tradive Dyskinesia in a Xhosa population in the Eastern Cape Dave Singler, Betty D. Patterson, Sandi Willows 59. Eating disorders: Addictive disorders? Christopher Paul Szabo 60. Ethical challenges and dilemmas of research in third world countries Godfrey B. Tangwa 61. The interface between Neurology and Psychiatry with specific focus on