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Sample records for pseudo trigonal planar

  1. Pseudo-Newtonian planar circular restricted 3-body problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubeibe, F.L., E-mail: fldubeibem@unal.edu.co [Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y de la Educación, Universidad de los Llanos, Villavicencio (Colombia); Grupo de Investigación en Relatividad y Gravitación, Escuela de Física, Universidad Industrial de Santander, A.A. 678, Bucaramanga (Colombia); Lora-Clavijo, F.D., E-mail: fadulora@uis.edu.co [Grupo de Investigación en Relatividad y Gravitación, Escuela de Física, Universidad Industrial de Santander, A.A. 678, Bucaramanga (Colombia); González, Guillermo A., E-mail: guillermo.gonzalez@saber.uis.edu.co [Grupo de Investigación en Relatividad y Gravitación, Escuela de Física, Universidad Industrial de Santander, A.A. 678, Bucaramanga (Colombia)

    2017-02-12

    We study the dynamics of the planar circular restricted three-body problem in the context of a pseudo-Newtonian approximation. By using the Fodor–Hoenselaers–Perjés procedure, we perform an expansion in the mass potential of a static massive spherical source up to the first non-Newtonian term, giving place to a gravitational potential that includes first-order general relativistic effects. With this result, we model a system composed by two pseudo-Newtonian primaries describing circular orbits around their common center of mass, and a test particle orbiting the system in the equatorial plane. The dynamics of the new system of equations is studied in terms of the Poincaré section method and the Lyapunov exponents, where the introduction of a new parameter ϵ, allows us to observe the transition from the Newtonian to the pseudo-Newtonian regime. We show that when the Jacobian constant is fixed, a chaotic orbit in the Newtonian regime can be either chaotic or regular in the pseudo-Newtonian approach. As a general result, we find that most of the pseudo-Newtonian configurations are less stable than their Newtonian equivalent.

  2. Moduli of Trigonal Curves

    CERN Document Server

    Stankova-Frenkel, Z E

    1997-01-01

    We study the moduli of trigonal curves. We establish the exact upper bound of ${36(g+1)}/(5g+1)$ for the slope of trigonal fibrations. Here, the slope of any fibration $X\\to B$ of stable curves with smooth general member is the ratio Hodge class $\\lambda$ on the moduli space $\\bar{\\mathfrak{M}}_g$ to the base $B$. We associate to a trigonal family $X$ a canonical rank two vector bundle $V$, and show that for Bogomolov-semistable $V$ the slope satisfies the stronger inequality ${\\delta_B}/{\\lambda_B}\\leq 7+{6}/{g}$. We further describe the rational Picard group of the {trigonal} locus $\\bar{\\mathfrak T}_g$ in the moduli space $\\bar{\\mathfrak{M}}_g$ of genus $g$ curves. In the even genus case, we interpret the above Bogomolov semistability condition in terms of the so-called Maroni divisor in $\\bar{\\mathfrak T}_g$.

  3. Trigon Farming ehitab Kaiu moodsa eurolauda / Heli Talinur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talinur, Heli

    2007-01-01

    Trigon Farming tegutseb Eestis aastast 2003 ning firmal on laudad peale Kaiu veel Saaremaal Kärlas, lisaks tegutseb firma ka Venemaal ja Ukrainas. Farmingu emafirma on Trigon Agri, mis on noteeritud Stockholmi börsil

  4. Allan Martinson ja Trigon teevad oma riskikapitalifondi / Kristiina Randmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randmaa, Kristiina

    2004-01-01

    Investeerimispank Trigon Capital ja infotehnoloogiaettevõte MicroLink endine juht Allan Martinson loovad Martinson Trigon Venture Partners nime all ühise kuni 400 miljoni kroonise mahuga riskikapitalifondi

  5. Network diversity through decoration of trigonal-prismatic nodes: Two-step crystal engineering of cationic metal-organic materials

    KAUST Repository

    Schoedel, Alexander

    2011-10-05

    MOMs the word! In a two-step process, first a trigonal-prismatic Primary Molecular Building Block ([Cr3O(isonic)6]+, tp-PMBB-1) was formed and then it was connected to linear linkers or square-planar nodes to afford three novel highly charged cationic metal-organic materials (MOMs) with snx, snw, and stp topologies. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Trigon Farming ostis Kaiu LT / Margus Mikomägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikomägi, Margus, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Raplamaalt suuruselt neljas põllumajandusühistu Kaiu LT müüdi üldkoosoleku otsusega ühel häälel firmale Trigon Farming. Kaiu LT nõukogu esimees on viimased kolm aastat olnud Riigikogu liige Tiit Tammsaar. Lisa: Trigon Tarming investeerib põllumajandusse

  7. Allan Martinson ja Trigon panid käima uue riskikapitalifondi / Kristina Traks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Traks, Kristina, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Allan Martinson ja investeerimispank Trigon Capital lõid uue riskikapitaliettevõtte Martinson Trigon Venture Partners, mis hakkab investeerima tehnoloogia-, meedia- ja telekommunikatsioonifirmadesse Balti riikides ja Venemaal

  8. Trigon Capital sukeldub Ukraina piimaärisse / Airi Ilisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilisson, Airi, 1980-

    2005-01-01

    Investeerimisfirma Trigon Capital valis uueks investeeringute sihiks Ukraina piimatööstuse muutunud poliitilise kliima ja piimatöökvootide puudumise tõttu. Lisa: Kinnisvara. Horvaatia kinnisvaraäri

  9. Higher Genus Abelian Functions Associated with Cyclic Trigonal Curves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew England

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available We develop the theory of Abelian functions associated with cyclic trigonal curves by considering two new cases. We investigate curves of genus six and seven and consider whether it is the trigonal nature or the genus which dictates certain areas of the theory. We present solutions to the Jacobi inversion problem, sets of relations between the Abelian function, links to the Boussinesq equation and a new addition formula.

  10. Synthesis and application of aryl-ferrocenyl(pseudo-biarylic) complexes. Part 5. Design and synthesis of a new type of ferrocene-based planar chiral DMAP analogues. A new catalyst system for asymmetric nucleophilic catalysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seitzberg, J.G; Dissing, C; Søtofte, Inger

    2005-01-01

    A new first-generation catalyst system for nucleophilic catalysis has been developed. It is based on a planar chiral ferrocene skeleton with either the potent nucleophile 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine (DMAP) or the related 4-nitropyridine N-oxide attached in either the 2- or the 3-position. The synth......A new first-generation catalyst system for nucleophilic catalysis has been developed. It is based on a planar chiral ferrocene skeleton with either the potent nucleophile 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine (DMAP) or the related 4-nitropyridine N-oxide attached in either the 2- or the 3-position...

  11. An anti-ferromagnetic terephthalate-bridged trigonal prismatic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Each manganese(II) centre adopts a rare distorted trigonal prismatic geometry with an MnN4O2 chromophore.Chelation of the tetradentate Schiff base (L) along with bis(bidentate) bridging of two O atoms of tp complete hexacoordination around each manganese(II) centre. The dinuclear units of 1 are associated through ...

  12. Ground state properties of trigonal prismatic and trigonal bipyramidal d1,9, d2,8, d3,7, and d5 systems: Effects of trigonal distortion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hempel, Judith C.; Miller, Michael E.

    1981-09-01

    Empirical ligand field theory has been used to calculate ground state energy space diagrams for d1,9, d2,8, d3,7, and d5 systems of D3h symmetry and allowed ground states for trigonal bipyramidal (five coordinate) and trigonal prismatic (six coordinate) D3h geometries have been identified. We demonstrate that entirely similar behavior should be expected for trigonal prismatic and trigonal bipyramidal d5 systems. Spin-orbit calculations complete within the d5 basis are used to establish that the ESR zero field parameter D for a 6A'1(D3h) ground state will normally be negative. Normalized spherical harmonic (NSH) ligand field Hamiltonians symmetry adapted to chains based on the D6h covering group are defined for all trigonal symmetries. Multiple symmetry parameter sets, which arise for trigonal symmetries other than D3h, describe the range of orbital mixing possible. Spin-orbit and Zeeman interactions reveal the effects of orbital mixing and restrict to two the number of symmetry parameter sets possible for a trigonal system. We specifically consider the magnetic properties of the five coordinate complexes of C3v symmetry [M(Me6tren)Br]Br, with M = Cu(II) and Ni(II) using calculations for C3v symmetry which incorporate spin-orbit and Zeeman interactions and are complete within the dn basis.

  13. Trigonal crystals of glucose isomerase require thymol for their growth and stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chayen, N. E.; Lloyd, L. F.; Collyer, C. A.; Blow, D. M.

    1989-09-01

    The growth of trigonal bypyramidal crystals of Arthrobacter glucose isomerase is only possible in the presence of thymol at a concentration exceeding 2.5mM; at lower thymol concentrations rectangular and rhombic crystals are formed. When thymol is removed from the supernatant of trigonal crystals, they fall apart and recrystallise as rectangles or rhombs. The disordering can be reversed if thymol is reintroduced before the trigonal crystals have dispersed, but the other crystal forms are stable in thymol. During the disintegration of trigonal crystals the supernatant concentration of protein is increased.

  14. Discrete pseudo-integrals

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mesiar, Radko; Li, J.; Pap, E.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 54, č. 3 (2013), s. 357-364 ISSN 0888-613X R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP402/11/0378 Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : concave integral * pseudo-addition * pseudo- multiplication Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 1.977, year: 2013 http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2013/E/mesiar-discrete pseudo-integrals. pdf

  15. Development of hybrid mass damper (TRIGON) for high-rise buildings; Chokoso biruyo hybrid mass damper (TRIGON) no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-10-31

    The hybrid mass damper TRIGON has been developed to reduce wind-and earthquake-induced vibrations of high-rise buildings. The present paper describes an experimental result executed to confirm the outline of the hybrid mass damper TRIGON and the control effect of the same. The present apparatus is a mass damper for reducing the response of a building by supporting a weight with a V shaped bottom with a roller and rocking the weight into a pendulum motion. A driving method is a hybrid one where there are both used a passive system in which an apparatus period defined by the angle of the weight bottom is tuned with a building period and an active system using an AC servo motor. It is further intended that the apparatus is made compact by neglecting the length of the pendulum by employing the V-shaped weight for supporting the roller. Building vibration tests are conducted to compare responses of the apparatus upon non-control and control. It is hereby confirmed that there can be added about 4 % of a damping factor of the first mode in the direction of the short side of the building as a control object for a satisfactory improvement of the dwelling property. 4 refs., 14 figs., 3 tabs.

  16. Prospective randomised controlled trial comparing trigone-sparing versus trigone-including intradetrusor injection of abobotulinumtoxinA for refractory idiopathic detrusor overactivity.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Manecksha, Rustom P

    2012-05-01

    Botulinum toxin A is effective for treatment of idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO). The trigone is generally spared because of the theoretical risk of vesicoureteric reflux (VUR), although studies assessing injection sites are lacking.

  17. Pseudo Class III malocclusion

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Al-Hummayani, Fadia M

    2016-01-01

    .... This case report represents a none traditional treatment modality to treat deep anterior crossbite in an adult pseudo class III malocclusion complicated by severely retruded, supraerupted upper and lower incisors...

  18. Interplay of bifurcated hydrogen bonds in making of inclusion/pseudo-inclusion complexes of Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) of a salophen type ligand: Crystal structures and spectral aspects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambili, K. U.; Sithambaresan, M.; Kurup, M. R. Prathapachandra

    2017-04-01

    Three novel photoluminescent materials were synthesized by treating Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) acetate salts with a Schiff base prepared from 3-ethoxysalicylaldehyde and 2-aminobenzylamine. Among the prepared complexes, Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes are inclusion compounds while Zn(II) complex is a pseudo-inclusion compound. They were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-visible and EPR spectra. Single crystal XRD studies of these complexes suggest that Ni(II) and Cu(II) are in a distorted square planar environment while the spatial arrangement of donor atoms in Zn(II) complex is best described as distorted square based pyramid although significant distortion towards trigonal bipyramid is noticed. Stabilized crystal packing of the complexes is established via supramolecular interactions. The metal chelate rings as the π system for C-H···π interactions found in Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes explicit the concept of metalloaromaticity. TG-DTG studies reveal that all the complexes are thermally stable. Both ligand and complexes exhibit intense photoluminescence in near UV region. However, Zn(II) complex giving an intense blue-green emission spectrum at maximum wavelength of 518 nm with shoulder peaks, could be used for optoelectronic applications.

  19. Quantum Pseudo-Telepathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brassard, Gilles; Broadbent, Anne; Tapp, Alain

    2005-11-01

    Quantum information processing is at the crossroads of physics, mathematics and computer science. It is concerned with that we can and cannot do with quantum information that goes beyond the abilities of classical information processing devices. Communication complexity is an area of classical computer science that aims at quantifying the amount of communication necessary to solve distributed computational problems. Quantum communication complexity uses quantum mechanics to reduce the amount of communication that would be classically required. Pseudo-telepathy is a surprising application of quantum information processing to communication complexity. Thanks to entanglement, perhaps the most nonclassical manifestation of quantum mechanics, two or more quantum players can accomplish a distributed task with no need for communication whatsoever, which would be an impossible feat for classical players. After a detailed overview of the principle and purpose of pseudo-telepathy, we present a survey of recent and no-so-recent work on the subject. In particular, we describe and analyse all the pseudo-telepathy games currently known to the authors.

  20. PSEUDO-CODEWORD LANDSCAPE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    CHERTKOV, MICHAEL [Los Alamos National Laboratory; STEPANOV, MIKHAIL [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2007-01-10

    The authors discuss performance of Low-Density-Parity-Check (LDPC) codes decoded by Linear Programming (LP) decoding at moderate and large Signal-to-Noise-Ratios (SNR). Frame-Error-Rate (FER) dependence on SNR and the noise space landscape of the coding/decoding scheme are analyzed by a combination of the previously introduced instanton/pseudo-codeword-search method and a new 'dendro' trick. To reduce complexity of the LP decoding for a code with high-degree checks, {ge} 5, they introduce its dendro-LDPC counterpart, that is the code performing identifically to the original one under Maximum-A-Posteriori (MAP) decoding but having reduced (down to three) check connectivity degree. Analyzing number of popular LDPC codes and their dendro versions performing over the Additive-White-Gaussian-Noise (AWGN) channel, they observed two qualitatively different regimes: (i) error-floor sets early, at relatively low SNR, and (ii) FER decays with SNR increase faster at moderate SNR than at the largest SNR. They explain these regimes in terms of the pseudo-codeword spectra of the codes.

  1. On projective varieties admitting a bielliptic or trigonal curve-section

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Del Centina

    1993-05-01

    Full Text Available We study smooth projective varieties X ⊆ PN of dimension n ≥ 3, such that for some linear (N-n+1-dimensional space Π ⊆ PN, C=X∩Π is either a bielliptic or a trigonal curve. We give a description of X when deg ≥ 18 and when deg X ≤ 8.

  2. On projective varieties admitting a bielliptic or trigonal curve-section

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea Del Centina; Alessandro Gimigliano

    1993-01-01

    We study smooth projective varieties X ⊆ PN of dimension n ≥ 3, such that for some linear (N-n+1)-dimensional space Π ⊆ PN, C=X∩Π is either a bielliptic or a trigonal curve. We give a description of X when deg ≥ 18 and when deg X ≤ 8.

  3. 'Trigonal' @iDiscocyclina@@ sp. from the Pondicherry formation, Pondicherry, South India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Setty, M.G.A.P.

    of this species is chiefly planktonic, and transitional from the Discocyclinid limestone unit to the Upper marlstone unit, as seen by a lesser degree of abundance. The 'trigonal' shape of the test may be due either to specialisation or degeneration in the changed...

  4. Origin and spectroscopic determination of trigonal anisotropy in a heteronuclear single-molecule magnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorace, L.; Boulon, M.-E.; Totaro, P.; Cornia, A.; Fernandes-Soares, J.; Sessoli, R.

    2013-09-01

    W-band (ν ≅ 94 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was used for a single-crystal study of a star-shaped Fe3Cr single-molecule magnet (SMM) with crystallographically imposed trigonal symmetry. The high resolution and sensitivity accessible with W-band EPR allowed us to determine accurately the axial zero-field splitting terms for the ground (S = 6) and first two excited states (S = 5 and S = 4). Furthermore, spectra recorded by applying the magnetic field perpendicular to the trigonal axis showed a π/6 angular modulation. This behavior is a signature of the presence of trigonal transverse magnetic anisotropy terms whose values had not been spectroscopically determined in any SMM prior to this work. Such in-plane anisotropy could only be justified by dropping the so-called “giant spin approach” and by considering a complete multispin approach. From a detailed analysis of experimental data with the two models, it emerged that the observed trigonal anisotropy directly reflects the structural features of the cluster, i.e., the relative orientation of single-ion anisotropy tensors and the angular modulation of single-ion anisotropy components in the hard plane of the cluster. Finally, since high-order transverse anisotropy is pivotal in determining the spin dynamics in the quantum tunneling regime, we have compared the angular dependence of the tunnel splitting predicted by the two models upon application of a transverse field (Berry-phase interference).

  5. Pseudomembranous trigonitis in a male with Klinefelter syndrome: a case report and evidence of a hormonal etiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lian, Derrick W Q; Li, Fay X; Ong, Caroline C P; Kuick, C H; Chang, Kenneth T E

    2014-01-01

    Klinefelter syndrome is a clinical syndrome with a distinct 47, XXY karyotype. Patients are characterized by a tall eunuchoid stature, small testes, hypergonotrophic hypogonadism, gynecomastia, learning difficulties and infertility. These patients have also been found to have raised estrogen levels. We report a 16 year old boy with Klinefelter syndrome presenting to our institution with gross hematuria. Cystoscopy and biopsy revealed the diagnosis of pseudomembranous trigonitis. Immunohistochemical stains showed an increase in estrogen and progesterone receptors in the trigone area but not in the rest of the bladder. In view of the patient's mildly raised estrogen levels and the histological findings, we postulate that estrogen is the driver of the development of pseudomembranous trigonitis. This is the first reported case of pseudomembranous trigonitis seen in association with Klinefelter syndrome, and also the first case of pseudomembranous trigonitis occurring within the male adolescent age group.

  6. Method I : Planar reduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broer, H.; Hoveijn, I.; Lunter, G.; Vegter, G.

    2003-01-01

    We apply the planar reduction method to a general two degree of freedom system with optional symmetry, near equilibrium and close to resonance. As a leading example the spring-pendulum close to 1:2 resonance is used. The resulting planar model is computed explicitly, and the bifurcation curves

  7. Study of stratified dielectric slab medium structures using pseudo-spectral time domain (PSTD) algorithm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tong, M.S.; Lu, Y.; Chen, Y.

    2005-01-01

    A planar stratified dielectric slab medium, which is an interesting problem in optics and geophysics, is studied using a pseudo-spectral time-domain (PSTD) algorithm. Time domain electric fields and frequency domain propagation characteristics of both single and periodic dielectric slab...

  8. Rotational Symmetry Breaking in a Trigonal Superconductor Nb-doped Bi_{2}Se_{3}

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomoya Asaba

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The search for unconventional superconductivity has been focused on materials with strong spin-orbit coupling and unique crystal lattices. Doped bismuth selenide (Bi_{2}Se_{3} is a strong candidate, given the topological insulator nature of the parent compound and its triangular lattice. The coupling between the physical properties in the superconducting state and its underlying crystal symmetry is a crucial test for unconventional superconductivity. In this paper, we report direct evidence that the superconducting magnetic response couples strongly to the underlying trigonal crystal symmetry in the recently discovered superconductor with trigonal crystal structure, niobium (Nb-doped Bi_{2}Se_{3}. As a result, the in-plane magnetic torque signal vanishes every 60°. More importantly, the superconducting hysteresis loop amplitude is enhanced along one preferred direction, spontaneously breaking the rotational symmetry. This observation indicates the presence of nematic order in the superconducting ground state of Nb-doped Bi_{2}Se_{3}.

  9. Synthesis and Reactivity of Metal Complexes in Trigonal N,O,O,O-Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Adelhardt, Mario Erwin

    2016-01-01

    High-valent iron complexes, for instance stabilized by multiple bonded oxo, nitrido, or imido ligands, have been identified as reactive intermediates in biological as well as technical systems. Although numerous synthetic model complexes have been synthesized and characterized in the past four decades, they often lack the high reactivity of their parental compounds. One strategy to enhance the reactivity of, for example, Fe(IV) oxo complexes is to enforce a trigonal coordination geometry ar...

  10. Magnetic anisotropy of a Co-II single ion magnet with distorted trigonal prismatic coordination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peng, Yan; Bodenstein, Tilmann; Fink, Karin

    2016-01-01

    The single ion magnetic properties of Co(II) are affected by the details of the coordination geometry of the ion. Here we show that a geometry close to trigonal prismatic which arises when the ligand 6,6'-((1Z)-((piperazine-1,4-diylbis(propane-3,1-diyl)) bis(azanylylidene)) bis(methanylylidene)) ......The single ion magnetic properties of Co(II) are affected by the details of the coordination geometry of the ion. Here we show that a geometry close to trigonal prismatic which arises when the ligand 6,6'-((1Z)-((piperazine-1,4-diylbis(propane-3,1-diyl)) bis(azanylylidene)) bis......(methanylylidene)) bis(2-methoxyphenol) coordinates to Co(II) does indeed lead to enhanced single-ion behaviour as has previously been predicted. Synthesis of the compound, structural information, and static as well as dynamic magnetic data are presented along with an analysis using quantum chemical ab initio...... calculations. Though the complex shows a slight deviation from an ideal trigonal prismatic coordination, the zero-field splitting as well as the g-tensor are strongly axial with D = -41 cm(-1) and E

  11. Planar Soap Bubbles

    OpenAIRE

    Vaughn, Rick

    1998-01-01

    The generalized soap bubble problem seeks the least perimeter way to enclose and separate n given volumes in R^m. We study the possible configurations for perimeter minimizing bubble complexes enclosing more than two regions. We prove that perimeter minimizing planar bubble complexes with equal pressure regions and without empty chambers must have connected regions. As a consequence, we show that the least perimeter planar graph that...

  12. Pseudo-Marginal Slice Sampling

    OpenAIRE

    Murray, Iain; Graham, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods asymptotically sample from complex probability distributions. The pseudo-marginal MCMC framework only requires an unbiased estimator of the unnormalized probability distribution function to construct a Markov chain. However, the resulting chains are harder to tune to a target distribution than conventional MCMC, and the types of updates available are limited. We describe a general way to clamp and update the random numbers used in a pseudo-marginal meth...

  13. Learning planar ising models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, Jason K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Netrapalli, Praneeth [STUDENT UT AUSTIN

    2010-11-12

    Inference and learning of graphical models are both well-studied problems in statistics and machine learning that have found many applications in science and engineering. However, exact inference is intractable in general graphical models, which suggests the problem of seeking the best approximation to a collection of random variables within some tractable family of graphical models. In this paper, we focus our attention on the class of planar Ising models, for which inference is tractable using techniques of statistical physics [Kac and Ward; Kasteleyn]. Based on these techniques and recent methods for planarity testing and planar embedding [Chrobak and Payne], we propose a simple greedy algorithm for learning the best planar Ising model to approximate an arbitrary collection of binary random variables (possibly from sample data). Given the set of all pairwise correlations among variables, we select a planar graph and optimal planar Ising model defined on this graph to best approximate that set of correlations. We present the results of numerical experiments evaluating the performance of our algorithm.

  14. Assembly of silver Trigons into a buckyball-like Ag180nanocage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhi; Su, Hai-Feng; Tan, Yuan-Zhi; Schein, Stan; Lin, Shui-Chao; Liu, Wei; Wang, Shu-Ao; Wang, Wen-Guang; Tung, Chen-Ho; Sun, Di; Zheng, Lan-Sun

    2017-11-14

    Buckminsterfullerene (C 60 ) represents a perfect combination of geometry and molecular structural chemistry. It has inspired many creative ideas for building fullerene-like nanopolyhedra. These include other fullerenes, virus capsids, polyhedra based on DNA, and synthetic polynuclear metal clusters and cages. Indeed, the regular organization of large numbers of metal atoms into one highly complex structure remains one of the foremost challenges in supramolecular chemistry. Here we describe the design, synthesis, and characterization of a Ag 180 nanocage with 180 Ag atoms as 4-valent vertices (V), 360 edges (E), and 182 faces (F)--sixty 3-gons, ninety 4-gons, twelve 5-gons, and twenty 6-gons--in agreement with Euler's rule V - E + F = 2. If each 3-gon (or silver Trigon) were replaced with a carbon atom linked by edges along the 4-gons, the result would be like C 60 , topologically a truncated icosahedron, an Archimedean solid with icosahedral ( I h ) point-group symmetry. If C 60 can be described mathematically as a curling up of a 6.6.6 Platonic tiling, the Ag 180 cage can be described as a curling up of a 3.4.6.4 Archimedean tiling. High-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry reveals that {Ag 3 } n subunits coexist with the Ag 180 species in the assembly system before the final crystallization of Ag 180 , suggesting that the silver Trigon is the smallest building block in assembly of the final cage. Thus, we assign the underlying growth mechanism of Ag 180 to the Silver-Trigon Assembly Road (STAR), an assembly path that might be further employed to fabricate larger, elegant silver cages.

  15. Variational method of determining effective moduli of polycrystals: (A) hexagonal symmetry, (B) trigonal symmetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peselnick, L.; Meister, R.

    1965-01-01

    Variational principles of anisotropic elasticity have been applied to aggregates of randomly oriented pure-phase polycrystals having hexagonal symmetry and trigonal symmetry. The bounds of the effective elastic moduli obtained in this way show a considerable improvement over the bounds obtained by means of the Voigt and Reuss assumptions. The Hill average is found to be in most cases a good approximation when compared to the bounds found from the variational method. The new bounds reduce in their limits to the Voigt and Reuss values. ?? 1965 The American Institute of Physics.

  16. The Cohen cross-trigonal technic for vesicoureteral reflux with contracted bladder in children

    OpenAIRE

    進藤, 和彦; 野俣, 浩一郎; 城代, 明仁; 実藤, 健; 金武, 洋; 斉藤, 泰; 計屋, 紘信; 由良, 守司; 松崎, 幸康

    1984-01-01

    A 8-year-old girl was referred with both vesicoureteral reflux and repeated urinary infection since she was 30 months old. At 5 years old, she had had cystoscopy. Her excretory urogram (IVP) was almost normal; her voiding cystogram showed both vesicoureteral reflux of grade III and a maximum bladder capacity of 75 ml. At cystoscopy the ureteral orifices were in normal position of the trigone and the orifices were dilated like a golf-hole. Both ureters were reimplanted without ureter stents by...

  17. Calculation of the phonon density of states and related thermodynamic properties for trigonal selenium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Flemming Yssing; Alldredge, G. P.; McMurry, H. L.

    1983-01-01

    The phonon density of states for trigonal selenium has been calculated on the basis of a short range force model giving good overall agreement with experimental room temperature phonon dispersion data. A qualitative comparison with an experimental determination of the phonon density of states shows...... similarities in the gross features, but the experimental data lacks many of the finer details shown by the theoretical results due to resolution effects. The lattice dynamical contribution to the heat capacity CV is calculated and is found to be in good agreement with experimental determinations of Cp after...... transforming Cp to CV. The Journal of Chemical Physics is copyrighted by The American Institute of Physics....

  18. Estados de pseudo-Cushing

    OpenAIRE

    Romanholi, Daniella J.P.C.; SALGADO, Luiz Roberto

    2007-01-01

    Síndromes de pseudo-Cushing são um grupo heterogêneo de doenças, incluindo alcoolismo, anorexia nervosa, obesidade visceral e depressão, que compartilham muitas das características clínicas e bioquímicas da síndrome de Cushing. Os mecanismos responsáveis para a gênese da síndrome de pseudo-Cushing são fracamente compreendidos. Tem sido sugerido que o hipercortisolismo da síndrome de pseudo-Cushing pode ser resultante do aumento da secreção do hormônio liberador de corticotrofina (CRH) hipotal...

  19. The two-body problem of a pseudo-rigid body and a rigid sphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Kristian Uldall; Vereshchagin, M.; Gózdziewski, K.

    2012-01-01

    n this paper we consider the two-body problem of a spherical pseudo-rigid body and a rigid sphere. Due to the rotational and "re-labelling" symmetries, the system is shown to possess conservation of angular momentum and circulation. We follow a reduction procedure similar to that undertaken...... in the study of the two-body problem of a rigid body and a sphere so that the computed reduced non-canonical Hamiltonian takes a similar form. We then consider relative equilibria and show that the notions of locally central and planar equilibria coincide. Finally, we show that Riemann's theorem on pseudo...

  20. Annular Planar Monopole Antennas

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Z. N.; Ammann, Max; Chia, W.Y. W.; See, T. S.P.

    2002-01-01

    A type of annular planar monopole antenna is presented. The impedance and radiation characteristics of the monopole with different holes and feed gaps are experimentally examined. The measured results demonstrate that the proposed antenna is capable of providing significantly broad impedance bandwidth with acceptable radiation performance.

  1. Dynamic Planar Convex Hull

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodal, Gerth Stølfting; Jacob, Rico

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we determine the computational complexity of the dynamic convex hull problem in the planar case. We present a data structure that maintains a finite set of n points in the plane under insertion and deletion of points in amortized O(log n) time per operation. The space usage of the d...

  2. Distribution and chemical coding of neurons in intramural ganglia of the porcine urinary bladder trigone.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zenon Pidsudko

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the distribution and chemical coding of neurons in the porcine intramural ganglia of the urinary bladder trigone (IG-UBT demonstrated using combined retrograde tracing and double-labelling immunohistochemistry. Retrograde fluorescent tracer Fast Blue (FB was injected into the wall of both the left and right side of the bladder trigone during laparotomy performed under pentobarbital anaesthesia. Ten-microm-thick cryostat sections were processed for double-labelling immunofluorescence with antibodies against tyrosine hydroxylase (TH, dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH, neuropeptide Y (NPY, somatostatin (SOM, galanin (GAL, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP, nitric oxide synthase (NOS, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP, substance P (SP, Leu5-enkephalin (LENK and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT. IG-UBT neurons formed characteristic clusters (from a few to tens neuronal cells found under visceral peritoneum or in the outer muscular layer. Immunohistochemistry revealed four main populations of IG-UBT neurons: SOM- (ca. 35%, SP- (ca. 32%, ChAT- and NPY- immunoreactive (-IR (ca. 23% as well as non-adrenergic non-cholinergic nerve cells (ca. 6%. This study has demonstrated a relatively large population of differently coded IG-UBT neurons, which constitute an important element of the complex neuro-endocrine system involved in the regulation of the porcine urogenital organ function.

  3. Modeling the radiation ionization energy and energy resolution of trigonal and amorphous selenium from first principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darbandi, A; Devoie, É; Di Matteo, O; Rubel, O

    2012-11-14

    Advances in the development of amorphous selenium-based direct conversion photoconductors for high-energy radiation critically depend on the improvement of its sensitivity to ionizing radiation, which is directly related to the pair production energy. Traditionally, theories for the pair production energy have been based on the parabolic band approximation and do not provide a satisfactory agreement with experimental results for amorphous selenium. Here we present a calculation of the pair creation energy in trigonal and amorphous selenium based on its electronic structure. In indirect semiconductors, such as trigonal selenium, the ionization threshold energy can be as low as the energy gap, resulting in a lower pair creation energy, which is a favorable factor for sensitivity. Also, the statistics of photogenerated charge carriers is studied in order to evaluate the theoretical value of the Fano factor and its dependence on recombination processes. We show that recombination can significantly compromise the detector's energy resolution as a result of an increase in the Fano factor.

  4. Pseudo-Weak-R0 Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Lin Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A positive answer to the open problem of Iorgulescu on extending weak-R0 algebras and R0-algebras to the noncommutative forms is given. We show that pseudo-weak-R0 algebras are categorically isomorphic to pseudo-IMTL algebras and that pseudo-R0 algebras are categorically isomorphic to pseudo-NM algebras. Some properties, the noncommutative forms of the properties in weak-R0 algebras and R0-algebras, are investigated. The simplified axiom systems of pseudo-weak-R0 algebras and pseudo-R0 algebras are obtained.

  5. Exending pseudo-arcs in odd characteristic

    OpenAIRE

    Penttila, Tim; Van de Voorde, Geertrui

    2015-01-01

    A {\\em pseudo-arc} in $\\mathrm{PG}(3n-1,q)$ is a set of $(n-1)$-spaces such that any three of them span the whole space. A pseudo-arc of size $q^n+1$ is a {\\em pseudo-oval}. If a pseudo-oval $\\mathcal{O}$ is obtained by applying field reduction to a conic in $\\mathrm{PG}(2,q^n)$, then $\\mathcal{O}$ is called a {\\em pseudo-conic}. We first explain the connection of (pseudo-)arcs with Laguerre planes, orthogonal arrays and generalised quadrangles. In particular, we prove that the Ahrens-Szekere...

  6. Theoretical investigations of zero-field splitting of excited states for 3d3 ions in trigonal crystal fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Qun; Yang, Ziyuan; Wang, Canjun; Xu, Qiming

    2007-11-01

    By taking into account slight interactions, i.e. spin-spin, spin-other-orbit and orbit-orbit interactions, in addition to spin-orbit interaction, the zero-field splitting of ground state and low excited states and g factors of ZnGa2O4:Cr3+ crystal have been interpreted systematically. And the contributions to zero-field splitting arising from slight magnetic interaction and trigonal crystal field are investigated. It is found that there exist combined mechanism between magnetic interactions and trigonal crystal field.

  7. Planar metasurface retroreflector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arbabi, Amir; Arbabi, Ehsan; Horie, Yu; Kamali, Seyedeh Mahsa; Faraon, Andrei

    2017-07-01

    Metasurfaces are two-dimensional arrangements of subwavelength scatterers that control the propagation of optical waves. Here, we show that cascaded metasurfaces, each performing a predefined mathematical transformation, provide a new optical design framework that enables new functionalities not yet demonstrated with single metasurfaces. Specifically, we demonstrate that retroreflection can be achieved with two vertically stacked planar metasurfaces, the first performing a spatial Fourier transform and its inverse, and the second imparting a spatially varying momentum to the Fourier transform of the incident light. Using this concept, we fabricate and test a planar monolithic near-infrared retroreflector composed of two layers of silicon nanoposts, which reflects light along its incident direction with a normal incidence efficiency of 78% and a large half-power field of view of 60°. The metasurface retroreflector demonstrates the potential of cascaded metasurfaces for implementing novel high-performance components, and enables low-power and low-weight passive optical transmitters.

  8. Dielectric Covered Planar Antennas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llombart Juan, Nuria (Inventor); Lee, Choonsup (Inventor); Chattopadhyay, Goutam (Inventor); Gill, John J. (Inventor); Skalare, Anders J. (Inventor); Siegel, Peter H. (Inventor)

    2014-01-01

    An antenna element suitable for integrated arrays at terahertz frequencies is disclosed. The antenna element comprises an extended spherical (e.g. hemispherical) semiconductor lens, e.g. silicon, antenna fed by a leaky wave waveguide feed. The extended spherical lens comprises a substantially spherical lens adjacent a substantially planar lens extension. A couple of TE/TM leaky wave modes are excited in a resonant cavity formed between a ground plane and the substantially planar lens extension by a waveguide block coupled to the ground plane. Due to these modes, the primary feed radiates inside the lens with a directive pattern that illuminates a small sector of the lens. The antenna structure is compatible with known semiconductor fabrication technology and enables production of large format imaging arrays.

  9. Spin tunnelling of trigonal and hexagonal ferromagnets in an arbitrarily directed magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lü, Rong; Zhu, Jia-Lin; Liu, Zhi-Rong; Chang, Lee; Gu, Bing-Lin

    2000-05-01

    The quantum tunnellings of the magnetization vector in single-domain ferromagnetic nanoparticles placed in an external magnetic field at an arbitrarily directed angle in the ZX-plane are studied theoretically. We consider magnetocrystalline anisotropies with trigonal and hexagonal crystal symmetry. By applying the instanton technique in the spin-coherent-state path-integral representation, we calculate the tunnel splittings, the tunnelling rates, and the crossover temperatures in the low-barrier limit for different angle ranges of the external magnetic field (θH = π/2, π/2crossover temperatures depend distinctly on the orientation of the external magnetic field, which provides a possible experimental test for magnetic quantum tunnelling in nanometre-scale single-domain ferromagnets.

  10. Ultrasensitive electrochemical detection of microRNA with star trigon structure and endonuclease mediated signal amplification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miao, Peng; Wang, Bidou; Yu, Zhiqiang; Zhao, Jing; Tang, Yuguo

    2015-01-15

    MicroRNAs play important roles in gene regulation. They can be used as effective biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of diseases like cancers. Due to their intrinsic properties of short length, low abundance and sequence homology among family members, it is difficult to realize sensitive and selective detection with economical use of time and cost. Herein, we report an ultrasensitive electrochemical method for microRNA analysis employing two oligonucleotides and one endonuclease. Generally, a glassy carbon electrode is first covered with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) mediated by poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA). Then, thiolated capture probe (CP) with methylene blue (MB) labeled at 5' end is modified on the pretreated electrode. Hybridization occurs among target microRNA, CP and auxiliary probe (AP), forming a star trigon structure on the electrode surface. Subsequently, endonuclease recognizes and cleaves CP on CP/AP duplex, releasing microRNA and AP back to the solution. The two regenerated elements can then form another star trigon with other CP molecules, initiating cycles of CP cleavage and MB departure. Significant decrease of electrochemical signals is thus observed, which can be used to reflect the concentration of microRNA. This proposed method has a linear response to microRNA in a wide range from 100 aM to 1 nM and the sensitivity of attomolar level can be achieved. Moreover, it has high selectivity against single-base mismatch sequences and can be used directly in serum samples. Therefore, this method shows great feasibility for the detection of microRNA and may have potential applications in cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. The asc trinodal platform: Two-step assembly of triangular, tetrahedral, and trigonal-prismatic molecular building blocks

    KAUST Repository

    Schoedel, Alexander

    2013-02-10

    The self-assembly of triangular, tetrahedral, and trigonal-prismatic molecular building blocks affords the first example of a trinodal family of metal-organic materials. Four examples of isoreticular expanded and functionalized frameworks are detailed. Gas adsorption experiments validated the permanent porosity of the parent structure. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  12. The Catalytic Scaffold fo the Haloalkanoic Acid Dehalogenase Enzyme Superfamily Acts as a Mold for the Trigonal Bipyramidal Transition State

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu,Z.; Dunaway-Mariano, D.; Allen, K.

    2008-01-01

    The evolution of new catalytic activities and specificities within an enzyme superfamily requires the exploration of sequence space for adaptation to a new substrate with retention of those elements required to stabilize key intermediates/transition states. Here, we propose that core residues in the large enzyme family, the haloalkanoic acid dehalogenase enzyme superfamily (HADSF) form a 'mold' in which the trigonal bipyramidal transition states formed during phosphoryl transfer are stabilized by electrostatic forces. The vanadate complex of the hexose phosphate phosphatase BT4131 from Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron VPI-5482 (HPP) determined at 1.00 Angstroms resolution via X-ray crystallography assumes a trigonal bipyramidal coordination geometry with the nucleophilic Asp-8 and one oxygen ligand at the apical position. Remarkably, the tungstate in the complex determined to 1.03 Angstroms resolution assumes the same coordination geometry. The contribution of the general acid/base residue Asp-10 in the stabilization of the trigonal bipyramidal species via hydrogen-bond formation with the apical oxygen atom is evidenced by the 1.52 Angstroms structure of the D10A mutant bound to vanadate. This structure shows a collapse of the trigonal bipyramidal geometry with displacement of the water molecule formerly occupying the apical position. Furthermore, the 1.07 Angstroms resolution structure of the D10A mutant complexed with tungstate shows the tungstate to be in a typical 'phosphate-like' tetrahedral configuration. The analysis of 12 liganded HADSF structures deposited in the protein data bank (PDB) identified stringently conserved elements that stabilize the trigonal bipyramidal transition states by engaging in favorable electrostatic interactions with the axial and equatorial atoms of the transferring phosphoryl group.

  13. Design of special planar linkages

    CERN Document Server

    Zhao, Jing-Shan; Ma, Ning; Chu, Fulei

    2013-01-01

    Planar linkages play a very important role in mechanical engineering. As the simplest closed chain mechanisms, planar four-bar linkages are widely used in mechanical engineering, civil engineering and aerospace engineering.Design of Special Planar Linkages proposes a uniform design theory for planar four-bar linkages. The merit of the method proposed in this book is that it allows engineers to directly obtain accurate results when there are such solutions for the specified n precise positions; otherwise, the best approximate solutions will be found. This book discusses the kinematics and reach

  14. Planar Para Algebras, Reflection Positivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaffe, Arthur; Liu, Zhengwei

    2017-05-01

    We define a planar para algebra, which arises naturally from combining planar algebras with the idea of ZN para symmetry in physics. A subfactor planar para algebra is a Hilbert space representation of planar tangles with parafermionic defects that are invariant under para isotopy. For each ZN, we construct a family of subfactor planar para algebras that play the role of Temperley-Lieb-Jones planar algebras. The first example in this family is the parafermion planar para algebra (PAPPA). Based on this example, we introduce parafermion Pauli matrices, quaternion relations, and braided relations for parafermion algebras, which one can use in the study of quantum information. An important ingredient in planar para algebra theory is the string Fourier transform (SFT), which we use on the matrix algebra generated by the Pauli matrices. Two different reflections play an important role in the theory of planar para algebras. One is the adjoint operator; the other is the modular conjugation in Tomita-Takesaki theory. We use the latter one to define the double algebra and to introduce reflection positivity. We give a new and geometric proof of reflection positivity by relating the two reflections through the string Fourier transform.

  15. Nonlinear Elastic Behavior of Piezoelectric Trigonal Crystals: Measurements on Quartz and Lithium-Niobate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latimer, Paul Jerry

    The ultrasonic harmonic generation technique previously used to measure third-order elastic (TOE) constants of crystals of cubic symmetry has been extended to measurement of crystals of trigonal symmetry. The theory for nonpiezoelectric trigonal crystals of J. Philip {Technical Report No. 22, Office of Naval Research, Contract No. N00014 -81-K-0229 (to be published in 1983)} has been combined with the piezoelectric theory of McMahon {J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 44, 1007 (1968)} to determine the effective TOE constants in a piezoelectric solid, and correction has been made in McMahon's expression. Measurements in weakly piezoelectric quartz have produced values of C(,111) and C(,333) which agree within experimental uncertainty with values of R. N. Thurston, H. J. McSkimin and P. Andreatch, Jr. {J. Appl. Phys. 37, 267 (1966)} and R. Stern and R. T. Smith {J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 44, 640 (1968)} after corrections have been made for the effect of diffraction on the data. Measurements in strongly piezoelectric LiNbO(,3) have resulted in values which agree reasonably well with those of J. Philip and M. A. Breazeale {Proc. IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, Vol. 2 (1982) } but disagree with those of C. Y. Nakagawa, K. Yamanouchi and K. Shibayama {J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3969 (1973) }. There is indication of some sample dependence of the values of both the second-order elastic constants as well as the third-order elastic constants of LiNbO(,3) samples currently available. In the course of measurement of the TOE constants a negative nonlinearity parameter was observed for the Piezoelectric {100} direction in quartz. This peculiarity is impossible for thermodynamic reasons in fluids, but has been observed once previously in fused silica {J. Bains and M. A. Breazeale, J. Acoust, Soc. Am. 57, 745 (1975)}. The nonlinearity parameter appears to be positive for the piezoelectric {001 } direction in LiNbO(,3). The data presented are for the "piezoelectrically stiffened" TOE constants; however, there are

  16. Substitutions into the trigonal bipyramidal site of InGaCuO{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grajczyk, Rosa, E-mail: rabinovr@onid.orst.edu [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States); Biswas, Krishnendu, E-mail: krismat79@gmail.com [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States); Berthelot, Romain, E-mail: berthelr@science.oregonstate.edu [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States); Li, Jun, E-mail: jli100@yahoo.com [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States); Sleight, A.W., E-mail: arthur.sleight@oregonstate.edu [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States); Subramanian, M.A., E-mail: mas.subramanian@oregonstate.edu [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States)

    2012-03-15

    Solid solutions of InMCu{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}O{sub 4} (M=Ga{sup 3+}, Al{sup 3+}) have been synthesized to understand the influence of the trigonal bipyramidal (TBP) crystallographic M{sup 3+}/Cu{sup 2+} site of the YbFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}-type structure through powder X-ray and neutron diffraction, dielectric and magnetism measurements. The addition of Mg{sup 2+} in the InGaCuO{sub 4} lattice results in a decrease of the dielectric constant, but the dielectric loss is not affected until the concentration of Mg{sup 2+} is above x=0.50. The shift in the diffraction peaks, and subsequently the change in the lattice parameters, cannot be exclusively explained by the change in ionic radii. These results show the first observation of the reduction in axial bond lengths for TBP Cu{sup 2+} in a YbFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}-type crystal lattice. - Graphical abstract: Solid solutions of InMCu{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}O{sub 4} (M=Ga{sup 3+}, Al{sup 3+}) have been synthesized and analyzed with powder X-ray and neutron diffraction, dielectric and magnetism measurements. A shift in the lattice parameters that cannot be explained by the change in ionic radii is addressed through a study of the trigonal bipyramidal site. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Solid solutions of InMCu{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}O{sub 4} (M=Ga{sup 3+}, Al{sup 3+}) have been synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The observed dielectric properties decreased with the dilution of Cu{sup 2+}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Antiferromagnetic interactions, without ordering, were observed in InGaCu{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}O{sub 4}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A reduction in the axial TBP bond lengths produced a large change in the c/a ratio. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Orbital overlap across the TBP layers greatly affected the observed properties.

  17. Pseudo random signal processing theory and application

    CERN Document Server

    Zepernick, Hans-Jurgen

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, pseudo random signal processing has proven to be a critical enabler of modern communication, information, security and measurement systems. The signal's pseudo random, noise-like properties make it vitally important as a tool for protecting against interference, alleviating multipath propagation and allowing the potential of sharing bandwidth with other users. Taking a practical approach to the topic, this text provides a comprehensive and systematic guide to understanding and using pseudo random signals. Covering theoretical principles, design methodologies and applications

  18. Simplifying massive planar subdivisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arge, Lars; Truelsen, Jakob; Yang, Jungwoo

    2014-01-01

    (SORT(N)) I/Os, where N is the size of the decomposition and SORT(N) is the number of I/Os need to sort in the standard external-memory model of computation. Previously, such an algorithm was only known for the special case of contour map simplification. Our algorithm is simple enough to be of practical......We present the first I/O- and practically-efficient algorithm for simplifying a planar subdivision, such that no point is moved more than a given distance εxy and such that neighbor relations between faces (homotopy) are preserved. Under some practically realistic assumptions, our algorithm uses...... interest. In fact, although more general, it is significantly simpler than the previous contour map simplification algorithm. We have implemented our algorithm and present results of experimenting with it on massive real-life data. The experiments confirm that the algorithm is efficient in practice...

  19. Dynamic Planar Convex Hull

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacob, Riko

    We determine the computational complexity of the dynamic convex hull problem in the planar case. We present a data structure that maintains a finite set of n points in the plane under insertion and deletion of points in amortized O(log n) time per operation. The space usage of the data structure...... is O(n). The data structure supports extreme point queries in a given direction, tangent queries through a given point, and queries for the neighboring points on the convex hull in O(log n) time. The extreme point queries can be used to decide whether or not a given line intersects the convex hull......, and the tangent queries to determine whether a given point is inside the convex hull. The space usage of the data structure is O(n). We give a lower bound on the amortized asymptotic time complexity that matches the performance of this data structure....

  20. Improved Dynamic Planar Point Location

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodal, Gerth Stølting; Arge, Lars; Georgiadis, Loukas

    2006-01-01

    We develop the first linear-space data structures for dynamic planar point location in general subdivisions that achieve logarithmic query time and poly-logarithmic update time.......We develop the first linear-space data structures for dynamic planar point location in general subdivisions that achieve logarithmic query time and poly-logarithmic update time....

  1. One-pot synthesis of oxamidato-bridged hexarhenium trigonal prisms adorned with ester functionality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagarajaprakash, R; Govindarajan, R; Manimaran, Bala

    2015-07-14

    Oxamidato-bridged Re(I)-based hexanuclear trigonal prisms with ester functionality have been synthesised via a multicomponent self-assembly process under solvothermal conditions. The self-assembly of Re2(CO)10, oxamide ligands (H2L1 = N,N′-dibutyloxamide, H2L2 = N,N′-dioctyloxamide, H2L3 = N,N′-didodecyloxamide and H2L4 = N,N′-dibenzyloxamide) and phenyl-1,3,5-tris(isonicotinate) (ptin) resulted in the formation of metallaprisms with the general formula [{(CO)3Re(μ–η(4)-L)Re(CO)3}3(μ3-ptin)2] (1–4). The metallaprisms 1–4 have been characterised using spectroscopic techniques, and the molecular structure of 4 has been elucidated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods. Investigations on the guest binding ability of 2 with a few aromatic alcohols and L-tryptophan using UV–vis and fluorescence spectroscopic titration experiments revealed strong host–guest interactions. The luminescence enhancement studies of 2 and 3 have been carried out using organic-aqueous solvent mixtures.

  2. Pseudo-complex general relativity

    CERN Document Server

    Hess, Peter O; Greiner, Walter

    2016-01-01

    This volume presents an pseudo-complex extension of General Relativity which addresses these issues and presents proposals for experimental examinations in strong fields near a large mass. General Relativity is a beautiful and well tested theory of gravitation. Nevertheless, it implies conceptual problems like the creation of singularities (Black Holes) as a result of the collapse of large masses, or the appearance of event horizons which exclude parts of the space-time from the observation of external observers. The mathematical and geometrical foundations of this extension are displayed in detail, and applications including orbits and accretion disks around large central masses, neutron stars or cosmological models are introduced. Calculations both for classical and extended applications are often executed in the form of problems with extensive solutions, which makes this volume also a valuable resource for any student of General Relativity.

  3. Acroangiodermatitis (Pseudo-Kaposi sarcoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satyendra Kumar Singh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Acroangiodermatitis or Pseudo-Kaposi sarcoma is a rare angioproliferative entity, related to chronic venous insufficiency or certain other vascular anomalies. It is often associated with chronic venous insufficiency, arteriovenous malformation of the legs, chronic renal failure treated with dialysis, paralyzed legs and amputation stumps. We hereby describe a case of 45 year old female presenting with pitting pedal edema, multiple ulcers over bilateral lower limbs with irregular margins with erythema and hyperpigmentation of the surrounding skin. Color Doppler study of bilateral lower limbs was normal. Histopathological examination from one of the lesions showed hyperplastic epidermis, proliferation of capillaries in dermis, hemosiderin deposits and lymphocytic infiltrate. These features thus confirmed the diagnosis of Acroangiodermatitis.

  4. Gyroscope like molecules consisting of trigonal or square planar osmium rotators within three-spoked dibridgehead diphosphine stators: syntheses, substitution reactions, structures, and dynamic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, Tobias; Bhuvanesh, Nattamai; Hampel, Frank; Reibenspies, Joseph H; Gladysz, John A

    2016-04-28

    Reactions of (NH4)2OsX6 (X = Cl, Br) with CO and the phosphines P((CH2)mCH[double bond, length as m-dash]CH2)3 (m = 6, a; 7, b; 8, c) give cis,cis,trans-Os(CO)2(X)2(P((CH2)mCH[double bond, length as m-dash]CH2)3)2 (46-73%). These are treated with Grubbs' catalyst (7 mol%, 0.0010 M, C6H5Cl). Subsequent hydrogenations (PtO2) yield the gyroscope like complexes cis,cis,trans-Os(CO)2(X)2(P((CH2)n)3P) (n = 2m + 2; X = Cl, 6a-c; Br, 7a-c ; 5-31%) and the isomers cis,cis,trans-Os(CO)2(X)2(P(CH2)n-1CH2)((CH2)n)(P(CH2)n-1CH2) (X = Cl, 6'ac; Br, 7'a-c;12-51%) derived from a combination of interligand and intraligand metatheses. Reductions of 6a,c, 6’b, and 7'b with C8K under CO atmospheres afford trans-Os(CO)3(P((CH2)n)3P) (9a,c, 79-82%) and trans-Os(CO)3(P(CH2)15CH2)((CH2)16)(P(CH2)15CH2) (9’b, 53-84%). Reaction of 9a and CF3SO3H yields the cationic hydride complex mer,trans-[Os(H)(CO)3(P((CH2)14)3P)](+) CF3SO3(-) (9a-H(+) CF3SO3(-); quantitative by NMR). Preparative reactions of 9a,c or 9'b and [H(OEt2)2](+) BArf(-) (BArf(-) = B(3,5-C6H3(CF3)2)4(-)) afford 9a,c-H(+) BArf(-) (80%) or 9'b-H(+) BArf(-) (68%). Reactions of 6a, 6’b, and 7a with MeLi or PhLi give cis,cis,trans-Os(CO)2(Me)2(P((CH2)14)3P) (11a, 98%), cis,cis,trans-Os(CO)2(Me)2(P(CH2)15CH2)((CH2)16)(P(CH2)15CH2) (98%), and cis,cis,trans-Os(CO)2(Ph)2(P((CH2)14)3P) (12a, 58%). NMR data for 6a–c, 7a–c, 9a,c, 9a,c-H(+) X(-), and 11a indicate that rotation of the OsLy moieties is fast on the NMR time scale at room temperature. In contrast, the phenyl groups in 12a act as "brakes" and two sets of (13)C NMR signals are observed for the methylene chains (2 : 1). The crystal structures of 6a–c, 7b,c, 7’a, 9a, 9a -H(+) BArf(-), 11a, and 12a are analyzed with respect to OsLy rotation in solution and the solid state.

  5. Neutron transport in hexagonal reactor cores modeled by trigonal-geometry diffusion and simplified P{sub 3} nodal methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duerigen, Susan

    2013-05-15

    The superior advantage of a nodal method for reactor cores with hexagonal fuel assemblies discretized as cells consisting of equilateral triangles is its mesh refinement capability. In this thesis, a diffusion and a simplified P{sub 3} (or SP{sub 3}) neutron transport nodal method are developed based on trigonal geometry. Both models are implemented in the reactor dynamics code DYN3D. As yet, no other well-established nodal core analysis code comprises an SP{sub 3} transport theory model based on trigonal meshes. The development of two methods based on different neutron transport approximations but using identical underlying spatial trigonal discretization allows a profound comparative analysis of both methods with regard to their mathematical derivations, nodal expansion approaches, solution procedures, and their physical performance. The developed nodal approaches can be regarded as a hybrid NEM/AFEN form. They are based on the transverse-integration procedure, which renders them computationally efficient, and they use a combination of polynomial and exponential functions to represent the neutron flux moments of the SP{sub 3} and diffusion equations, which guarantees high accuracy. The SP{sub 3} equations are derived in within-group form thus being of diffusion type. On this basis, the conventional diffusion solver structure can be retained also for the solution of the SP{sub 3} transport problem. The verification analysis provides proof of the methodological reliability of both trigonal DYN3D models. By means of diverse hexagonal academic benchmark and realistic detailed-geometry full-transport-theory problems, the superiority of the SP{sub 3} transport over the diffusion model is demonstrated in cases with pronounced anisotropy effects, which is, e.g., highly relevant to the modeling of fuel assemblies comprising absorber material.

  6. Clarification of the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds on the effective elastic moduli of polycrystals with hexagonal, trigonal, and tetragonal symmetries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watt, J.P.; Peselnick, L.

    1980-01-01

    Bounds on the effective elastic moduli of randomly oriented aggregates of hexagonal, trigonal, and tetragonal crystals are derived using the variational principles of Hashin and Shtrikman. The bounds are considerably narrower than the widely used Voigt and Reuss bounds. The Voigt-Reuss-Hill average lies within the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds in nearly all cases. Previous bounds of Peselnick and Meister are shown to be special cases of the present results.

  7. Pseudomembranous trigonitis in a male with Klinefelter syndrome: a case report and evidence of a hormonal etiology

    OpenAIRE

    Lian, Derrick WQ; Li, Fay X; Ong, Caroline CP; Kuick, CH; Chang, Kenneth TE

    2014-01-01

    Klinefelter syndrome is a clinical syndrome with a distinct 47, XXY karyotype. Patients are characterized by a tall eunuchoid stature, small testes, hypergonotrophic hypogonadism, gynecomastia, learning difficulties and infertility. These patients have also been found to have raised estrogen levels. We report a 16 year old boy with Klinefelter syndrome presenting to our institution with gross hematuria. Cystoscopy and biopsy revealed the diagnosis of pseudomembranous trigonitis. Immunohistoch...

  8. POPULATION DYNAMICS OF PSEUDO-NITZSCHIA SPECIES ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    nb

    ABSTRACT. The genus Pseudo-nitzschia is a chain-forming diatom comprising about 30 species some of which are known to produce domoic acid (DA) that causes amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP). The current study aimed at assessing the population dynamics of Pseudo-nitzschia in the near shore waters of Dar es ...

  9. Population dynamics of Pseudo-nitzschia species ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The genus Pseudo-nitzschia is a chain-forming diatom comprising about 30 species some of which are known to produce domoic acid (DA) that causes amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP). The current study aimed at assessing the population dynamics of Pseudo-nitzschia in the near shore waters of Dar es Salaam. Samples ...

  10. Subadditive functions and their (pseudo-)inverses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østerdal, Lars Peter

    2006-01-01

    The paper considers non-negative increasing functions on intervals with left endpoint closed at zero and investigates the duality between subadditivity and superadditivity via the inverse function and pseudo-inverses......The paper considers non-negative increasing functions on intervals with left endpoint closed at zero and investigates the duality between subadditivity and superadditivity via the inverse function and pseudo-inverses...

  11. Syntheses, structures and physical properties of transition metal-organic frameworks assembled from trigonal heterofunctional ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Shu-Yan; Song, Xue-Zhi; Zhao, Shu-Na; Qin, Chao; Su, Sheng-Qun; Zhu, Min; Hao, Zhao-Min; Zhang, Hong-Jie

    2012-09-14

    Six novel metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), {Mn(bpydb)(bpyHdbH)}(n) (1) {[Co(2)(bpydb)(2)](H(2)O)(0.5)}(n) (2), {[Ni(0.5)(bpydbH)(H(2)O)](DMF)(2)}(n) (3), {[Cu(2)(bpydb)(2)](H(2)O)(0.5)}(n) (4), {Zn(bpyHdb)(2)}(n) (5) and {[Cd(0.5)(bpydb)(0.5)(DMF)](H(2)O)}(n) (6), were successfully synthesized by assembling transition metal salts with trigonal heterofunctional ligand 4,4'-(4,4'-bipyridine-2,6-diyl) dibenzoic acid (bpydbH(2)) under hydrothermal and/or solvothermal conditions. Compound 1 features a rare 4-fold interpenetrating (3,5)-connected framework with hms-type topology. Isostructural compounds 2 and 4, constructed by M(2)(COO)(4) secondary building units, exhibit a robust 3D framework with alb topological type in 2-fold interpenetrating mode. Compound 3 consists of 2D (4,4) networks, which are further assembled into the new topological framework with the symbol (5(3)·6(2)·8)(5(3)·6(3))(2) through O-HO interactions. Compound 5 manifests a novel 4-connected interpenetrating framework, constructed by 2D (4,4) layers and interbedded N-HO interactions. Non-interpenetrating honeycomb networks are observed in compound 6, and further packed into a 3D framework featuring 1D channels. The magnetic susceptibility of compound 2 indicates antiferromagnetic interactions between cobalt ions. The photoluminescent properties of 5 and 6 were investigated in the solid state at room temperature.

  12. Planar graphs theory and algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Nishizeki, T

    1988-01-01

    Collected in this volume are most of the important theorems and algorithms currently known for planar graphs, together with constructive proofs for the theorems. Many of the algorithms are written in Pidgin PASCAL, and are the best-known ones; the complexities are linear or 0(nlogn). The first two chapters provide the foundations of graph theoretic notions and algorithmic techniques. The remaining chapters discuss the topics of planarity testing, embedding, drawing, vertex- or edge-coloring, maximum independence set, subgraph listing, planar separator theorem, Hamiltonian cycles, and single- or multicommodity flows. Suitable for a course on algorithms, graph theory, or planar graphs, the volume will also be useful for computer scientists and graph theorists at the research level. An extensive reference section is included.

  13. Contracting a planar graph efficiently

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jacob; Italiano, Giuseppe F.; Karczmarz, Adam

    2017-01-01

    We present a data structure that can maintain a simple planar graph under edge contractions in linear total time. The data structure supports adjacency queries and provides access to neighbor lists in O(1) time. Moreover, it can report all the arising self-loops and parallel edges. By applying...... the data structure, we can achieve optimal running times for decremental bridge detection, 2-edge connectivity, maximal 3-edge connected components, and the problem of finding a unique perfect matching for a static planar graph. Furthermore, we improve the running times of algorithms for several planar...... graph problems, including decremental 2-vertex and 3- edge connectivity, and we show that using our data structure in a black-box manner, one obtains conceptually simple optimal algorithms for computing MST and 5-coloring in planar graphs....

  14. Topological morphing of planar graphs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Angelini, Patrizio; Cortese, Pier Francesco; Di Battista, Giuseppe; Patrignani, Maurizio

    2013-01-01

    .... We show that the Topological Morphing problem is NP-hard for biconnected planar graphs, we give polynomial-time algorithms for some restricted versions of the problem, and, based on such polynomial...

  15. Pseudo-Haptic Feedback in Teleoperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neupert, Carsten; Matich, Sebastian; Scherping, Nick; Kupnik, Mario; Werthschutzky, Roland; Hatzfeld, Christian

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we develop possible realizations of pseudo-haptic feedback in teleoperation systems based on existing works for pseudo-haptic feedback in virtual reality and the intended applications. We derive four potential factors affecting the performance of haptic feedback (calculation operator, maximum displacement, offset force, and scaling factor), which are analyzed in three compliance identification experiments. First, we analyze the principle usability of pseudo-haptic feedback by comparing information transfer measures for teleoperation and direct interaction. Pseudo-haptic interaction yields well above-chance performance, while direct interaction performs almost perfectly. In order to optimize pseudo-haptic feedback, in the second study we perform a full-factorial experimental design with 36 subjects performing 6,480 trials with 36 different treatments. Information transfer ranges from 0.68 bit to 1.72 bit in a task with a theoretical maximum of 2.6 bit, with a predominant effect of the calculation operator and a minor effect of the maximum displacement. In a third study, short- and long-term learning effects are analyzed. Learning effects regarding the performance of pseudo-haptic feedback cannot be observed for single-day experiments. Tests over 10 days show a maximum increase in information transfer of 0.8 bit. The results show the feasibility of pseudo-haptic feedback for teleoperation and can be used as design basis for task-specific systems.

  16. Pseudo-periodic partitions of biological sequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lugang; Jin, Renchao; Kok, Poh-Lin; Wan, Honghui

    2004-02-12

    Algorithm development for finding typical patterns in sequences, especially multiple pseudo-repeats (pseudo-periodic regions), is at the core of many problems arising in biological sequence and structure analysis. In fact, one of the most significant features of biological sequences is their high quasi-repetitiveness. Variation in the quasi-repetitiveness of genomic and proteomic texts demonstrates the presence and density of different biologically important information. It is very important to develop sensitive automatic computational methods for the identification of pseudo-periodic regions of sequences through which we can infer, describe and understand biological properties, and seek precise molecular details of biological structures, dynamics, interactions and evolution. We develop a novel, powerful computational tool for partitioning a sequence to pseudo-periodic regions. The pseudo-periodic partition is defined as a partition, which intuitively has the minimal bias to some perfect-periodic partition of the sequence based on the evolutionary distance. We devise a quadratic time and space algorithm for detecting a pseudo-periodic partition for a given sequence, which actually corresponds to the shortest path in the main diagonal of the directed (acyclic) weighted graph constructed by the Smith-Waterman self-alignment of the sequence. We use several typical examples to demonstrate the utilization of our algorithm and software system in detecting functional or structural domains and regions of proteins. A big advantage of our software program is that there is a parameter, the granularity factor, associated with it and we can freely choose a biological sequence family as a training set to determine the best parameter. In general, we choose all repeats (including many pseudo-repeats) in the SWISS-PROT amino acid sequence database as a typical training set. We show that the granularity factor is 0.52 and the average agreement accuracy of pseudo-periodic partitions

  17. Planar algebra of the subgroup-subfactor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    G in terms of operator matrices. We also obtain an identification between the planar algebra of the fixed algebra sub- factor RG ⊂ RH and the G-invariant planar subalgebra of the planar algebra of the 'flip' of ⋆n. Keywords. Planar algebras; subfactors; standard invariant. 1. Introduction. For every pair H ⊂ G of finite groups, ...

  18. Families of quasi-pseudo-metrics generated by probabilistic quasi-pseudo-metric spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariusz T. Grabiec

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper contains a study of families of quasi-pseudo-metrics (the concept of a quasi-pseudo-metric was introduced by Wilson (1931 , Albert (1941 and Kelly (1963 generated by probabilistic quasi-pseudo-metric-spaces which are generalization of probabilistic metric space (PM-space shortly [2, 3, 4, 6]. The idea of PM-spaces was introduced by Menger (1942, 1951, Schweizer and Sklar (1983 and Serstnev (1965. Families of pseudo-metrics generated by PM-spaces and those generalizing PM-spaces have been described by Stevens (1968 and Nishiure (1970.

  19. Chemically exfoliated Mo S2 layers: Spectroscopic evidence for the semiconducting nature of the dominant trigonal metastable phase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, Banabir; Singh, Anjali; Sharada, G.; Mahale, Pratibha; Kumar, Abhinav; Thirupathaiah, S.; Sezen, H.; Amati, M.; Gregoratti, Luca; Waghmare, Umesh V.; Sarma, D. D.

    2017-11-01

    A metastable trigonal phase, existing only as small patches on a chemically exfoliated few-layered, thermodynamically stable 1 H phase of Mo S2 , is believed to critically influence the properties of Mo S2 -based devices. The electronic structure of this metastable phase is little understood in the absence of a direct experimental investigation of its electronic properties, complicated further by conflicting claims from theoretical investigations. We address this issue by investigating the electronic structure of this minority phase in chemically exfoliated Mo S2 few-layered systems by enhancing its contributions with the use of highly spatially resolved (≤120 nm resolution) photoemission spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy in conjunction with state-of-the-art electronic structure calculations. Based on these results, we establish that the ground state of this phase, arrived at by the chemical exfoliation of Mo S2 using the usual Li intercalation technique, is a small gap (˜90 ±40 meV ) semiconductor in contrast to most claims in the literature; we also identify the specific trigonal structure it has among many suggested ones.

  20. Pseudo-capacitor device for aqueous electrolytes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, J.; Thackeray, M.M.; Dees, D.W.; Vissers, D.R.; Myles, K.M.

    1998-11-24

    A pseudo-capacitor having a high energy storage capacity develops a double layer capacitance as well as a Faradaic or battery-like redox reaction, also referred to as pseudo-capacitance. The Faradaic reaction gives rise to a capacitance much greater than that of the typical ruthenate oxide ultracapacitor which develops only charge separation-based double layer capacitance. The capacitor employs a lead and/or bismuth/ruthenate and/or iridium system having the formula A{sub 2}[B{sub 2{minus}x}Pb{sub x}]O{sub 7{minus}y}, where A=Pb, Bi, and B=Ru, Ir, and Opseudo-capacitance, affords high energy/power density in the pseudo-capacitor. The amount of expensive ruthenate and iridium can be substantially reduced in the pseudo-capacitor by increasing the lead content while improving energy storage capacity. 8 figs.

  1. Aerodynamics of the pseudo-glottis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotby, M N; Hegazi, M A; Kamal, I; Gamal El Dien, N; Nassar, J

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this work is to study the hitherto unclear aerodynamic parameters of the pseudo-glottis following total laryngectomy. These parameters include airflow rate, sub-pseudo-glottic pressure (SubPsG), efficiency and resistance, as well as sound pressure level (SPL). Eighteen male patients who have undergone total laryngectomy, with an age range from 54 to 72 years, were investigated in this study. All tested patients were fluent esophageal 'voice' speakers utilizing tracheo-esophageal prosthesis. The airflow rate, SubPsG and SPL were measured. The results showed that the mean value of the airflow rate was 53 ml/s, the SubPsG pressure was 13 cm H(2)O, while the SPL was 66 dB. The normative data obtained from the true glottis in healthy age-matched subjects are 89 ml/s, 7.9 cm H(2)O and 70 dB, respectively. Other aerodynamic indices were calculated and compared to the data obtained from the true glottis. Such a comparison of the pseudo-glottic aerodynamic data to the data of the true glottis gives an insight into the mechanism of action of the pseudo-glottis. The data obtained suggests possible clinical applications in pseudo-voice training. Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  2. SEARCHING FOR LOW WEIGHT PSEUDO-CODEWORDS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    CHERTKOV, MICHAEL [Los Alamos National Laboratory; STEPANOV, MIKHAIL [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2007-01-23

    Belief Propagation (BP) and Linear Programming (LP) decodings of LDPC codes are discussed. The authors summarize results of instanton/pseudo-codeword approach developed for analysis of the error-floor domain of the codes. Instantons are special, code and decoding specific, configurations of the channel noise contributing most to the Frame-Error-Rate (FER). Instantons are decoded into pseudo-codewords. Instanton/pseudo-codeword with the lowest weight describes the largest Signal-to-Noise-Ratio (SNR) asymptotic of FER, while the whole spectra of the low weight instantons is descriptive of the FER vs. SNR profile in the extended error-floor domain. First, they describe a general optimization method that allows to find the instantons for any coding/decoding. Second, they introduce LP-specific pseudo-codeword search algorithm that allows efficient calculations of the pseudo-codeword spectra. Finally, they discuss results of combined BP/LP error-floor exploration experiments for two mode codes.

  3. Casimir stress inside planar materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griniasty, Itay; Leonhardt, Ulf

    2017-09-01

    The Casimir force between macroscopic bodies is well understood, but not the Casimir force inside bodies. Guided by a physically intuitive picture, we develop the macroscopic theory of the renormalized Casimir stress inside planar materials (where the electromagnetic properties vary in one direction). Our theory may be applied in predicting how inhomogeneous fluids respond to Casimir forces.

  4. Neutron resonances in planar waveguides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kozhevnikov, S. V., E-mail: kozhevn@nf.jinr.ru, E-mail: kzh-sv@mail.ru; Ignatovich, V. K.; Petrenko, A. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Neutron Physics Laboratory (Russian Federation); Radu, F. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialen und Energie (Germany)

    2016-12-15

    We report on the results of the experimental investigation of the spectral width of neutron resonances in planar waveguides using the time-of-flight method and recording the microbeam emerging from the waveguide end. Experimental data are compared with the results of theoretical calculations.

  5. Pseudo exchange bias due to rotational anisotropy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ehrmann, A., E-mail: andrea.ehrmann@fh-bielefeld.de [Faculty of Engineering and Mathematics, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, 33619 Bielefeld (Germany); Komraus, S.; Blachowicz, T.; Domino, K. [Institute of Physics – Center for Science and Education, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice (Poland); Nees, M.K.; Jakobs, P.J.; Leiste, H. [Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Mathes, M.; Schaarschmidt, M. [ACCESS e. V., 57072 Aachen (Germany)

    2016-08-15

    Ferromagnetic nanostructure arrays with particle dimensions between 160 nm and 400 nm were created by electron-beam lithography. The permalloy structures consist of rectangular-shaped walls around a square open space. While measuring their magnetic properties using the Magneto-Optical Kerr Effect (MOKE), in some angular regions an exchange bias (EB) seemed to appear. This paper gives an overview of possible reasons for this “pseudo exchange bias” and shows experimentally and by means of micromagnetic simulations that this effect can be attributed to unintentionally measuring minor loops. - Highlights: • Pseudo exchange bias can be found in square Py nanorings of different dimensions. • Pseudo exchange bias stems from unintentionally measuring minor loops. • New approach in explaining “real” exchange bias effect in coupled FM/AFM systems. • Theoretical base to explain other measurements of a rotational anisotropy.

  6. An Unusual Pseudo-Coordination Polymer of Dithia-18-Crown-6 with Heavy Metal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Gyeongchan [Yeosu High School, Yeosu (Korea, Republic of); Park, Inhyeok; Lee, Shimsung [Gyeongsang National Univ., Jinju (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-11-15

    The assembly reactions of 1,10-dithia-18-crown-6 (L) with mercury(II) and/or cadmium(II) salts provide metallosupramolecules with the unusual arrangement due to the formation of the mercury(II) halides (chloride and iodide) clusters which locate outside the macrocyclic cavity. In the reaction with mercury(II) chloride, we were able to isolate the 1D pseudo-coordination polymer 1 which resembles the ivy leaves. In 1, it is considered that the 1D zigzag array of Hg-Cl-Hg-Cl chain as a leaf-stem and the macrocyclic complexes as leaves. While, from the reaction of mercury(II) iodide and cadmium(II) iodide mixture, the discrete complex 2 with two macrocyclic cadmium(II) complex cation parts and one mercury(II) iodide cluster anion part was isolated. In both cases, each metal center is seven-coordinate, being bound to all the donors of L, with its seventh site being occupied by one halide atom, adopting a distorted monocapped trigonal prism.

  7. A pseudo-matched filter for chaos

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, Seth D.; Gauthier, Daniel J.

    2012-01-01

    A matched filter maximizes the signal-to-noise ratio of a signal. In the recent work of Corron et al. [Chaos 20, 023123 (2010)], a matched filter is derived for the chaotic waveforms produced by a piecewise-linear system. Motivated by these results, we describe a pseudo-matched filter, which removes noise from the same chaotic signal. It consists of a notch filter followed by a first-order, low-pass filter. We compare quantitatively the matched filter's performance to that of our pseudo-match...

  8. A case of Pseudo-Bartter syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Ik; Choi, Bo Whan; Lee, Yul; Chung, Soo Young [College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-10-15

    Pseudo-Bartter Syndrome is a rare medical disease of the kidney characterized by normal blood pressure, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hyperreninemia and hyperaldosteronism with drug history of diuretics. We report US, CT and MRI findings of a patients with clinically proved Pseudo-Bartter syndrome. The patient was a 37 year old woman with a history of long term ingestion of the diuretics(furosemide) for 20 years. Renal US revealed hyperechoic renal medulla at both kidneys. The resistive index(RI), calculated from the duplex doppler waveform is 0.61. Unenhanced CT revealed faint high attenuation along the medulla. T1-weighted MRI revealed indistinct corticomedullary differentiation.

  9. Modulation of luminescence by subtle anion-cation and anion-π interactions in a trigonal Au(I)···Cu(I) complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kelly; Strasser, Christoph E; Schmitt, Jennifer C; Shearer, Jason; Catalano, Vincent J

    2012-02-06

    The trigonally coordinated [AuCu(PPh(2)py)(3)](BF(4))(2) (1) crystallizes in two polymorphs and a pseudopolymorph, each of which contains a trigonally coordinated cation with short Au(I)-Cu(I) separations of ∼2.7 Å. Under UV illumination, these crystals luminesce different colors ranging from blue to yellow. The structures of these cations are nearly superimposable, and the primary difference resides in the relative placement of the anions and solvate molecules. As confirmed by time-dependent density functional theory calculations, it is these interactions that are responsible for the differential emission properties.

  10. Impact of Dose to the Bladder Trigone on Long-Term Urinary Function After High-Dose Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy for Localized Prostate Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghadjar, Pirus; Zelefsky, Michael J.; Spratt, Daniel E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Munck af Rosenschöld, Per; Oh, Jung Hun; Hunt, Margie [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Kollmeier, Marisa [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Happersett, Laura; Yorke, Ellen; Deasy, Joseph O. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Jackson, Andrew, E-mail: jacksona@mskcc.org [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

    2014-02-01

    Purpose: To determine the potential association between genitourinary (GU) toxicity and planning dose–volume parameters for GU pelvic structures after high-dose intensity modulated radiation therapy in localized prostate cancer patients. Methods and Materials: A total of 268 patients who underwent intensity modulated radiation therapy to a prescribed dose of 86.4 Gy in 48 fractions during June 2004-December 2008 were evaluated with the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire. Dose–volume histograms of the whole bladder, bladder wall, urethra, and bladder trigone were analyzed. The primary endpoint for GU toxicity was an IPSS sum increase ≥10 points over baseline. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done by the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard models, respectively. Results: Median follow-up was 5 years (range, 3-7.7 years). Thirty-nine patients experienced an IPSS sum increase ≥10 during follow-up; 84% remained event free at 5 years. After univariate analysis, lower baseline IPSS sum (P=.006), the V90 of the trigone (P=.006), and the maximal dose to the trigone (P=.003) were significantly associated with an IPSS sum increase ≥10. After multivariate analysis, lower baseline IPSS sum (P=.009) and increased maximal dose to the trigone (P=.005) remained significantly associated. Seventy-two patients had both a lower baseline IPSS sum and a higher maximal dose to the trigone and were defined as high risk, and 68 patients had both a higher baseline IPSS sum and a lower maximal dose to the trigone and were defined as low risk for development of an IPSS sum increase ≥10. Twenty-one of 72 high-risk patients (29%) and 5 of 68 low-risk patients (7%) experienced an IPSS sum increase ≥10 (P=.001; odds ratio 5.19). Conclusions: The application of hot spots to the bladder trigone was significantly associated with relevant changes in IPSS during follow-up. Reduction of radiation dose to the lower bladder and specifically the

  11. Some Properties of Weighted Pseudo almost Periodic Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhe-Ming Zheng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Several interesting and new properties of weighted pseudo almost periodic functions are established. Firstly, we obtain an equivalent definition for weighted pseudo almost periodic functions, which shows a close relationship between asymptotically almost periodic functions and weighted pseudo almost periodic functions; secondly, we prove that the space of asymptotically almost periodic functions is always a proper subspace of the space of weighted pseudo almost periodic functions; thirdly, we show that under some cases, the space of weighted pseudo almost periodic functions equals the classical space of pseudo almost periodic functions.

  12. Manufacturing of planar ceramic interconnects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Armstrong, B.L.; Coffey, G.W.; Meinhardt, K.D.; Armstrong, T.R. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The fabrication of ceramic interconnects for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and separator plates for electrochemical separation devices has been a perennial challenge facing developers. Electrochemical vapor deposition (EVD), plasma spraying, pressing, tape casting and tape calendering are processes that are typically utilized to fabricate separator plates or interconnects for the various SOFC designs and electrochemical separation devices. For sake of brevity and the selection of a planar fuel cell or gas separation device design, pressing will be the only fabrication technique discussed here. This paper reports on the effect of the characteristics of two doped lanthanum manganite powders used in the initial studies as a planar porous separator for a fuel cell cathode and as a dense interconnect for an oxygen generator.

  13. Pseudo--Normals for Signed Distance Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanæs, Henrik; Bærentzen, Jakob Andreas

    2003-01-01

    undertake showing that the angle weighted pseudo--normal has an important property, namely that it allows us to discriminate between points that are inside and points that are outside the mesh. This result is used for proposing a simple and efficient algorithm for computing the signed distance field from...

  14. POPULATION DYNAMICS OF PSEUDO-NITZSCHIA SPECIES ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    nb

    coastal waters of the Western Indian Ocean has been reported before (Bryceson ... Ocean. There is however no study, which has analyzed the seasonal distribution of. Pseudo-nitzschia species along the. Tanzanian coastal waters as well as factors regulating such ... cleaned plastic vials and immediately kept cool on ice for ...

  15. A pseudo-matched filter for chaos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Seth D; Gauthier, Daniel J

    2012-09-01

    A matched filter maximizes the signal-to-noise ratio of a signal. In the recent work of Corron et al. [Chaos 20, 023123 (2010)], a matched filter is derived for the chaotic waveforms produced by a piecewise-linear system. This system produces a readily available binary symbolic dynamics that can be used to perform correlations in the presence of large amounts of noise using the matched filter. Motivated by these results, we describe a pseudo-matched filter, which operates similarly to the original matched filter. It consists of a notch filter followed by a first-order, low-pass filter. We compare quantitatively the matched filter's performance to that of our pseudo-matched filter using correlation functions. On average, the pseudo-matched filter performs with a correlation signal-to-noise ratio that is 2.0 dB below that of the matched filter. Our pseudo-matched filter, though somewhat inferior in comparison to the matched filter, is easily realizable at high speed (>1 GHz) for potential radar applications.

  16. Pseudo-Canonical Formulae are Classical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caminati Marco B.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available An original result about Hilbert Positive Propositional Calculus introduced in [11] is proven. That is, it is shown that the pseudo-canonical formulae of that calculus (and hence also the canonical ones, see [17] are a subset of the classical tautologies.

  17. Pseudo-observations in survival analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Per Kragh; Perme, Maja Pohar

    2010-01-01

    -state models, e.g. the competing risks cumulative incidence function. Graphical and numerical methods for assessing goodness-of-fit for hazard regression models and for the Fine-Gray model in competing risks studies based on pseudo-observations are also reviewed. Sensitivity to covariate-dependent censoring...... is studied. The methods are illustrated using a data set from bone marrow transplantation....

  18. Investigation of Self-Assembly of Two-Component Organogel System Based on Trigonal Acids and Aminobenzothiazole Derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youbo Di

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We reported here the gelation behaviors of two-component organogel system based on different acids and aminobenzothiazole derivatives in various organic solvents. Their gelation behaviors in 20 solvents were tested as new organic gelators. It was shown that the molecular skeletons and substituted groups in these compounds played a crucial role in the gelation behavior of the mixtures. Only the binary mixture of 2-aminobenzothiazole and trigonal 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid with aromatic core could form organogels in ethanol and acetone. Morphological observations reveal that the microstructures of both xerogels showed similar wrinkle-shaped domains composed of sheet-like aggregates with many holes. Spectral studies reveal the hydrogen bonding interaction between the amide of the gelator and lamellar-like structure of the aggregates in both gels. The present investigation is a perspective to provide new clues for the design of new nanomaterials and functional textile materials with special microstructures.

  19. 4,6-connected fsb topology networks obtained through two-step crystal engineering of decorated trigonal prismatic nodes

    KAUST Repository

    Schoedel, Alexander

    2014-05-07

    A two-step crystal engineering strategy has been utilized to synthesize a new and versatile class of metal-organic materials, the first to exhibit 4,6-connected fsb topology. The new fsb networks are constructed from simple and inexpensive nodes (4-connected Zn(CO2)(py)2 tetrahedra; 6-connected Cr(μ3-O)(RCO2)6 trigonal prisms) and linker ligands (isonicotinate and various dicarboxylates). Further, since interpenetration is precluded, they can exhibit extra-large void volumes. These fsb nets are prototypal for what should ultimately become a large family of related structures given the ready availability of functionalized and/or expanded variants of both linker ligands. The fsb nets described herein therefore represent platforms or blueprints for a new family of ultrahigh surface area porous materials. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

  20. Total cystectomy for treatment of transitional cell carcinoma of the urethra and bladder trigone in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boston, Sarah; Singh, Ameet

    2014-03-01

    To report total cystectomy with reimplantation of the ureters in the proximal aspect of the vagina. Case report. An 11-year-old female spayed Vizsla with spontaneously occurring transitional cell carcinoma of the urethra and bladder. After initial treatment for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder trigone with urethral stent placement and chemotherapy, the dog developed urinary incontinence 2 months after stent placement. Eleven months after initial diagnosis, the dog developed pulmonary metastasis and local progression, leading to bilateral ureteral dilatation. After palliative radiation, total cystectomy was performed. The owners elected euthanasia 442 days after original presentation and 92 days after total cystectomy. Euthanasia was unrelated to the surgical procedure, but was related to the primary disease. Total cystectomy is a technically feasible procedure that should be considered for the treatment of bladder cancer in dogs. © Copyright 2014 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  1. Compact planar microwave blocking filters

    Science.gov (United States)

    U-Yen, Kongpop (Inventor); Wollack, Edward J. (Inventor)

    2012-01-01

    A compact planar microwave blocking filter includes a dielectric substrate and a plurality of filter unit elements disposed on the substrate. The filter unit elements are interconnected in a symmetrical series cascade with filter unit elements being organized in the series based on physical size. In the filter, a first filter unit element of the plurality of filter unit elements includes a low impedance open-ended line configured to reduce the shunt capacitance of the filter.

  2. Radical Cystectomy and Cutaneous Ureterostomy in 4 Dogs with Trigonal Transitional Cell Carcinoma: Description of Technique and Case Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricardo Huppes, Rafael; Crivellenti, Leandro Z; Barboza De Nardi, Andrigo; Roque Lima, Bruno; Alves Cintra, Cristiane; Luiz Costa Castro, Jorge; Adin, Christopher A

    2017-01-01

    To describe radical cystectomy followed by cutaneous ureterostomy as a treatment of invasive bladder neoplasia in dogs. Retrospective study. Client-owned dogs with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder trigone (n=4). Perioperative complications and long-term outcomes of dogs that underwent cutaneous ureterostomy following radical cystectomy and lymphadenectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder trigone were reviewed. Both ureters were transected and anastomosed to the ventral abdominal skin. Polyvinyl chloride catheters were placed in the ureteral stomas and maintained for 5 days. After catheter removal, dogs were managed with an absorbent diaper over the stomas. Long-term outcome and survival were documented by follow-up visits or phone contact. Median age at the time of surgery was 10.3 years (range, 8-12). Average procedural time was ∼4.7 hours (range, 3.8-6.1). Minor complications occurred in all dogs, including bleeding and edema of the ureterostomy site during the first 2-3 days after surgery. One dog developed urine scald that resolved with improved stoma care and hygiene. Median survival time after surgery was 278.6 days (range, 47-498). Distant metastases were documented in 2 dogs at 47 days (bone) and 369 days (lung) after surgery. Radical cystectomy with cutaneous ureterostomy is a viable salvage procedure for urinary diversion after cystectomy in dogs with invasive bladder neoplasia. Postoperative management and quality of life were considered acceptable by most owners. Future studies are warranted to evaluate survival time in a larger number of animals. © 2016 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  3. Structural Dependence of the Ising-type Magnetic Anisotropy and of the Relaxation Time in Mononuclear Trigonal Bipyramidal Co(II) Single Molecule Magnets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Feng; Cahier, Benjamin; Rivière, Eric; Guillot, Régis; Guihéry, Nathalie; Campbell, Victoria E; Mallah, Talal

    2017-02-06

    This paper describes the correlation between Ising-type magnetic anisotropy and structure in trigonal bipyramidal Co(II) complexes. Three sulfur-containing trigonal bipyramidal Co(II) complexes were synthesized and characterized. It was shown that we can engineer the magnitude of the Ising anisotropy using ligand field theory arguments in conjunction with structural parameters. To prepare this series of compounds, we used, on the one hand, a tetradentate ligand containing three sulfur atoms and one amine (NS3tBu) and on the other hand three different axial ligands, namely, Cl-, Br-, and NCS-. The organic ligand imposes a trigonal bipyramidal arrangement with the three sulfur atoms lying in the trigonal plane with long Co-S bond distances. The magnetic properties of the compounds were measured, and ab initio calculations were used to analyze the anisotropy parameters and perform magneto-structural correlations. We demonstrate that a smaller axial zero-field splitting parameter leads to slower relaxation time when the symmetry is strictly axial, while the presence of very weak rhombicity decreases the energy barrier and speeds the relaxation of the magnetization.

  4. Pseudo Jahn-Teller effect in oxepin, azepin, and their halogen substituted derivatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilkhani, Ali Reza

    2017-09-01

    Oxepin and azepin are heterocyclic compounds with a seven-membered ring, which are present in the main skeleton of many anti-depressive drugs. Planar configuration instability due to the pseudo Jahn-Teller effect (PJTE) in oxepin, azepin and six their halogen substituted derivatives were investigated as an original PJTE study. Optimization and the following frequency calculations in these two series illuminated that all of these eight compounds were unstable in high-symmetry planar (with C 2 v symmetry) configuration and their structures were puckered to lower C s symmetry stable geometry. Moreover, the vibronic coupling interaction between 1 A 1 ground and the first 1 B 1 excited states via (1 A 1 + 1 A 1 ' + 1 B 1) ⊗ b 1 and (1 A 1 + 1 B 1 + 1 A 1 ' ) ⊗ b 1 PJTE problems were the reasons for the symmetry breaking phenomenon and non-planarity of the seven-member ring in those series. Finally, numerical fitting of the adiabatic potential energy surface (APES) cross-sections along the b 1 puckering coordination was employed to estimate the vibronic coupling constants of PJTE problems for all the considered compounds.

  5. Primary palpebral and orbital ossification in pseudo-pseudohypoparathyroidism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klauber, S.; Heegaard, S.; Prause, J.U.

    2002-01-01

    ophthalmology, Albright's heriditary osteodystrophy, ossification, pseudo-pseudohypoparathyroidism, pseodohypoparathyroidism, hypothyroidism, GNAS1 gene, history, eyelid, orbit......ophthalmology, Albright's heriditary osteodystrophy, ossification, pseudo-pseudohypoparathyroidism, pseodohypoparathyroidism, hypothyroidism, GNAS1 gene, history, eyelid, orbit...

  6. Wavefield extrapolation in pseudo-depth domain

    KAUST Repository

    Ma, Xuxin

    2012-01-01

    Extrapolating seismic waves in Cartesian coordinate is prone to uneven spatial sampling, because the seismic wavelength tends to grow with depth, as velocity increase. We transform the vertical depth axis to a pseudo one using a velocity weighted mapping, which can effectively mitigate this wavelength variation. We derive acoustic wave equations in this new domain based on the direct transformation of the Laplacian derivatives, which admits solutions that are more accurate and stable than those derived from the kinematic transformation. The anisotropic versions of these equations allow us to isolate the vertical velocity influence and reduce its impact on modeling and imaging. The major benefit of extrapolating wavefields in pseudo-depth space is its near uniform wavelength as opposed to the normally dramatic change of wavelength with the conventional approach. Time wavefield extrapolation on a complex velocity shows some of the features of this approach.

  7. Pseudo-differential operators and generalized functions

    CERN Document Server

    Toft, Joachim

    2015-01-01

    This book gathers peer-reviewed contributions representing modern trends in the theory of generalized functions and pseudo-differential operators. It is dedicated to Professor Michael Oberguggenberger (Innsbruck University, Austria) in honour of his 60th birthday. The topics covered were suggested by the ISAAC Group in Generalized Functions (GF) and the ISAAC Group in Pseudo-Differential Operators (IGPDO), which met at the 9th ISAAC congress in Krakow, Poland in August 2013. Topics include Columbeau algebras, ultra-distributions, partial differential equations, micro-local analysis, harmonic analysis, global analysis, geometry, quantization, mathematical physics, and time-frequency analysis. Featuring both essays and research articles, the book will be of great interest to graduate students and researchers working in analysis, PDE and mathematical physics, while also offering a valuable complement to the volumes on this topic previously published in the OT series.

  8. New planar trace humidity sensor

    OpenAIRE

    Tiebe, Carlo; Hübert, Thomas; Lorek, Andreas; Wernecke, Roland

    2012-01-01

    A new planar sensor element for continuous coulometric trace humidity measurements in industrial gases has been developed. In order to ensure precise measurements a calibration facility including a precision dew point hygrometer as a reference device was developed. The sensor can measure the humidity in the frost point temperature range of -20 °C to -80 °C and has an expanded uncertainty of 2 K, a fast reaction time and a settling time of the entire system from 15 to 30 min.

  9. Inflation and pseudo-Goldstone Higgs boson

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alanne, Tommi; Sannino, Francesco; Tenkanen, Tommi

    2017-01-01

    We consider inflation within a model framework where the Higgs boson arises as a pseudo-Goldstone boson associated with the breaking of a global symmetry at a scale significantly larger than the electroweak one. We show that in such a model the scalar self-couplings can be parametrically suppressed...... field. Our model therefore suggests that inflation and low energy particle phenomenology may be more entwined than assumed so far....

  10. Pseudo-Hermitian random matrix theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, S. C. L.; Jain, S. R.

    2013-02-01

    Complex extension of quantum mechanics and the discovery of pseudo-unitarily invariant random matrix theory has set the stage for a number of applications of these concepts in physics. We briefly review the basic ideas and present applications to problems in statistical mechanics where new results have become possible. We have found it important to mention the precise directions where advances could be made if further results become available.

  11. Pseudo-Hermitian random matrix theory

    OpenAIRE

    Srivastava, Shashi C. L.; Jain, S. R.

    2013-01-01

    Complex extension of quantum mechanics and the discovery of pseudo-unitarily invariant random matrix theory has set the stage for a number of applications of these concepts in physics. We briefly review the basic ideas and present applications to problems in statistical mechanics where new results have become possible. We have found it important to mention the precise directions where advances could be made if further results become available.

  12. Non-planar ABJ Theory and Parity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caputa, Pawel; Kristjansen, Charlotte; Zoubos, Konstantinos

    2009-01-01

    While the ABJ Chern-Simons-matter theory and its string theory dual manifestly lack parity invariance, no sign of parity violation has so far been observed on the weak coupling spin chain side. In particular, the planar two-loop dilatation generator of ABJ theory is parity invariant. In this letter...... we derive the non-planar part of the two-loop dilatation generator of ABJ theory in its SU(2)xSU(2) sub-sector. Applying the dilatation generator to short operators, we explicitly demonstrate that, for operators carrying excitations on both spin chains, the non-planar part breaks parity invariance....... For operators with only one type of excitation, however, parity remains conserved at the non-planar level. We furthermore observe that, as for ABJM theory, the degeneracy between planar parity pairs is lifted when non-planar corrections are taken into account....

  13. Wavefield Extrapolation in Pseudo-depth Domain

    KAUST Repository

    Ma, Xuxin

    2011-12-11

    Wave-equation based seismic migration and inversion tools are widely used by the energy industry to explore hydrocarbon and mineral resources. By design, most of these techniques simulate wave propagation in a space domain with the vertical axis being depth measured from the surface. Vertical depth is popular because it is a straightforward mapping of the subsurface space. It is, however, not computationally cost-effective because the wavelength changes with local elastic wave velocity, which in general increases with depth in the Earth. As a result, the sampling per wavelength also increases with depth. To avoid spatial aliasing in deep fast media, the seismic wave is oversampled in shallow slow media and therefore increase the total computation cost. This issue is effectively tackled by using the vertical time axis instead of vertical depth. This is because in a vertical time representation, the "wavelength" is essentially time period for vertical rays. This thesis extends the vertical time axis to the pseudo-depth axis, which features distance unit while preserving the properties of the vertical time representation. To explore the potentials of doing wave-equation based imaging in the pseudo-depth domain, a Partial Differential Equation (PDE) is derived to describe acoustic wave in this new domain. This new PDE is inherently anisotropic because the use of a constant vertical velocity to convert between depth and vertical time. Such anisotropy results in lower reflection coefficients compared with conventional space domain modeling results. This feature is helpful to suppress the low wavenumber artifacts in reverse-time migration images, which are caused by the widely used cross-correlation imaging condition. This thesis illustrates modeling acoustic waves in both conventional space domain and pseudo-depth domain. The numerical tool used to model acoustic waves is built based on the lowrank approximation of Fourier integral operators. To investigate the potential

  14. Improved optical planar waveguides for lasers Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Demonstrate efficacy of a novel growth technique for planar waveguides (PWG) Enable PWG laser technology with improved performance, efficiency and manufacturability....

  15. Helical axis stellarator with noninterlocking planar coils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiman, Allan; Boozer, Allen H.

    1987-01-01

    A helical axis stellarator using only noninterlocking planar, non-circular coils, generates magnetic fields having a magnetic well and large rotational transform with resultant large equilibrium beta.

  16. Evaluation of sinking-in and cracking behavior of soda-lime glass under varying angle of trigonal pyramid indenter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satoshi Yoshida

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that glass undergoes elastic and inelastic deformation under a sharp diamond indenter. Although brittle or less-brittle behavior of glass must be connected with such mechanical responses of glass under the indenter, there has been limited research on in-situ deformation behavior of glass during the loading and unloading indentation cycle. This is because most indentation tests were conducted using a commercial hardness tester for which this information is not available. In this study, the in-situ sinking-in region of glass during indentation test is determined using a custom-designed indentation microscope with trigonal pyramid indenters having different tip angles. It is found that both the shape of contact region and the amount of sinking-in are affected by indenter geometries, and that the projected contact region of the glass sample under Berkovich indenter is not a regular triangle, but a concave triangle with bowed-in edges. This is due to the larger amount of sinking-in under the face than under the ridge of indenter. It is also found that these deformation behaviors of glass are inseparably linked with contact damage or cracking in glass.

  17. Planar Lenses at Visible Wavelengths

    CERN Document Server

    Khorasaninejad, Mohammadreza; Devlin, Robert C; Oh, Jaewon; Zhu, Alexander Y; Capasso, Federico

    2016-01-01

    Sub-wavelength resolution imaging requires high numerical aperture (NA) lenses, which are bulky and expensive. Metasurfaces allow the miniaturization of conventional refractive optics into planar structures. We show that high-aspect-ratio titanium dioxide metasurfaces can be fabricated and designed as meta-lenses with NA = 0.8. Diffraction-limited focusing is demonstrated at wavelengths of 405 nm, 532 nm, and 660 nm with corresponding efficiencies of 86%, 73%, and 66%. The meta-lenses can resolve nanoscale features separated by sub-wavelength distances and provide magnification as high as 170x with image qualities comparable to a state-of-the-art commercial objective. Our results firmly establish that meta-lenses can have widespread applications in laser-based microscopy, imaging, and spectroscopy.

  18. Generators for finite depth subfactor planar algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    [2] Jones V F R, Planar algebras I, New Zealand J. Math., to appear, e-print arXiv: math.QA/9909027. [3] Kodiyalam V and Tupurani S, Universal skein theory for finite depth subfactor planar algebras, (English) Zbl 1252.46064, Quantum Topol. 2(2) (2011) 157–172. COMMUNICATING EDITOR: B V Rajarama Bhat.

  19. Planar algebra of the subgroup-subfactor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The crucial step in this identification is an exhibition of a model for the basic construction tower, and thereafter of the standard invariant of R ⋊ H ⊂ R ⋊ G in terms of operator matrices. We also obtain an identification between the planar algebra of the fixed algebra subfactor R G ⊂ R H and the -invariant planar subalgebra ...

  20. Piecewise planar Möbius bands

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gravesen, Jens

    2005-01-01

    t is shown that a closed polygon with an odd number of vertices is the median of exactly one piecewise planar cylinder and one piecewise planar Möbius band, intersecting each other orthogonally. A closed polygon with an even number of vertices is in the generic case neither the median...

  1. Reversed planar elongation of soft polymeric networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Mette Krog; Rasmussen, Henrik K.; Skov, Anne Ladegaard

    2011-01-01

    The newly developed planar elongation fixture, designed as an add-on to the filament stretch rheometer, is used to measure reversible large amplitude planar elongation on soft elastomers. The concept of this new fixture is to elongate an annulus, by keeping the perimeter constant. The deformation...

  2. Planar Hall effect bridge magnetic field sensors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, A.D.; Dalslet, Bjarke Thomas; Skieller, D.H.

    2010-01-01

    Until now, the planar Hall effect has been studied in samples with cross-shaped Hall geometry. We demonstrate theoretically and experimentally that the planar Hall effect can be observed for an exchange-biased ferromagnetic material in a Wheatstone bridge topology and that the sensor signal can...... Hall effect bridge sensors....

  3. Pseudo-Hermitian random matrix theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Srivastava, S.C.L. [RIBFG, Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF Bidhan nagar, Kolkata-700 064 (India); Jain, S.R. [NPD, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-400 085 (India)

    2013-02-15

    Complex extension of quantum mechanics and the discovery of pseudo-unitarily invariant random matrix theory has set the stage for a number of applications of these concepts in physics. We briefly review the basic ideas and present applications to problems in statistical mechanics where new results have become possible. We have found it important to mention the precise directions where advances could be made if further results become available. (Copyright copyright 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  4. Bladder rupture causing pseudo acute renal failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Andrea Avena Smeili

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Bladder rupture is a rare condition associated with significant morbidityand mortality. It is classified into traumatic, nontraumatic or idiopathic andspontaneous. The nonspecific initial clinical presentation is followed bydiscomfort in the lower abdomen, oliguria, hematuria and ascitis. Laboratoryabnormalities simulate the picture of acute renal failure and occurs by amechanism called auto reverse dialysis, with absorption of excreta throughthe peritoneal membrane. The authors describe a case of bladder rupturein morphologically and functionally normal urinary bladder associated withalcohol intake in young healthy man, manifested by abdominal discomfort,pseudo renal failure and massive ascitis. The diagnosis was made by anabdominal multidetector computed tomography confirmed by the finding of7 cm laceration at laparotomy.

  5. Pseudo ventricular tachycardia: a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Riaz, A

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Dramatic artifacts of pseudo flutter have been reported in the past secondary to various factors including tremor (Handwerker and Raptopoulos in N Engl J Med 356:503, 2007) and dialysis machines (Kostis et al. in J Electrocardiol 40(4):316-318, 2007). METHODS: We present this unusual case where the artifact, produced by tremor, was so pronounced to be misdiagnosed and treated as ventricular tachycardia. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the importance of correlating ECG findings with history and clinical examination and of using 12 lead ECGs for rhythm interpretation especially to confirm consistence of arrhythmias in all leads.

  6. Pseudo-communication vs Quasi-communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Елена Константиновна Черничкина

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the analysis of such specific forms of human interaction as quasi- and pseudo-communication. The authors specify the terms which sometimes are used interchangeably. The aim of the conducted research is to find out and demonstrate existing differences and similarities of these communicative phenomena on the basis of theoretical and empirical analysis of the research material in the Russian and English languages. The authors describe communicative features of these phenomena and consider the reasons for such forms of communication and their increased use at present. The research material is represented fiction extracts, film scripts, jokes, print media, a collection of oral speech records both in Russian and English. The authors make use of the following research methods: definitional analysis (to define the terminology of the research, the method of linguistic observation and introspection (to select the communicative situations, the descriptive-analytical method and the method of comparative analysis (to identify similarities and differences of the target phenomena, and the conversational analysis method (to view productivity and effectiveness of a dialogue, etc. The classification of possible forms of their existence in different discourses is suggested. The authors assume that both pseudo- and quasi-communication are characterized as fictitious forms of human interaction with some noticeable violation of the basic communicative model. Pseudo-communication suffers from the discrepancy of the meaning of a coded and decoded message. The authors put forward the main parameters of scientific classification of it as follows: adequate understanding, intentionality, and the stage of communicative action where the failure takes place. At the same time they stress the necessity to distinguish the cases of pseudo talks from phatic and indirect communication. Quasi-communcation is marked by the lack of a real partner and hence

  7. The Planar Sandwich and Other 1D Planar Heat Flow Test Problems in ExactPack

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singleton, Jr., Robert [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-01-24

    This report documents the implementation of several related 1D heat flow problems in the verification package ExactPack [1]. In particular, the planar sandwich class defined in Ref. [2], as well as the classes PlanarSandwichHot, PlanarSandwichHalf, and other generalizations of the planar sandwich problem, are defined and documented here. A rather general treatment of 1D heat flow is presented, whose main results have been implemented in the class Rod1D. All planar sandwich classes are derived from the parent class Rod1D.

  8. Ferroquadrupolar Ordering due to the Quasi-degenerate Quartet in the Trigonal Chiral Structure of DyNi3Ga9

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, Isao; Takezawa, Kohki; Mizuno, Takuyou; Kamikawa, Shuhei; Ninomiya, Hiroki; Matsumoto, Yuji; Ohara, Shigeo; Mitsumoto, Keisuke; Suzuki, Takashi

    2018-01-01

    To clarify the origin of the phase transition at TN = 10 K in the trigonal chiral compound DyNi3Ga9, we performed ultrasonic measurements on single-crystalline samples. We found a significant elastic softening of the transverse modulus C66 toward TN. By analyzing the data using the strain susceptibility, the positive sign of the quadrupole-quadrupole coupling constant for C66 was obtained. These results strongly suggest that ferroquadrupolar ordering will be dominant for the phase transition at TN. Below TN, crystal symmetry will lower from the trigonal structure. Elastic softening below TN occurs in the other elastic moduli, reflecting that some kind of instability is still alive below TN. Elastic anomalies detected below TN suggest successive phase transitions.

  9. Highly porous and robust ionic MOFs with nia topology constructed by connecting an octahedral ligand and a trigonal prismatic metal cluster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Jiangtao; Sun, Fuxing; Borjigin, Tsolmon; Ren, Hao; Zhang, Tingting; Bian, Zheng; Gao, Lianxun; Zhu, Guangshan

    2012-06-18

    Two non-interpenetrated and isomorphous MOFs with nia topology, cationic JUC-101 and anionic JUC-102, are synthesized by connecting a trigonal prismatic metal cluster with an octahedral organic ligand. JUC-101 obtains a BET surface area of 3742 m(2) g(-1) and can absorb 4.18 wt% of H2 at 30 atm and 77 K, while JUC-102 can absorb cationic dye molecules and release them under the triggering of ions.

  10. Suggestive Evidence for the Involvement of the Second Calcium and Surface Loop in Interfacial Binding: Monoclinci and Trigonal Crystal Structures of a Quadruple Mutant of Phospholipase A2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sekar,K.; Yogavel, M.; Kanaujia, S.; Sharma, A.; Velmurugan, D.; Poi, M.; Dauter, Z.; Tsai, M.

    2006-01-01

    The crystal structures of the monoclinic and trigonal forms of the quadruple mutant K53,56,120,121M of recombinant bovine pancreatic phospholipase A{sub 2} (PLA{sub 2}) have been solved and refined at 1.9 and 1.1 Angstroms resolution, respectively. Interestingly, the monoclinic form reveals the presence of the second calcium ion. Furthermore, the surface-loop residues are ordered and the conformation of residues 62-66 is similar to that observed in other structures containing the second calcium ion. On the other hand, in the trigonal form the surface loop is disordered and the second calcium is absent. Docking studies suggest that the second calcium and residues Lys62 and Asp66 from the surface loop could be involved in the interaction with the polar head group of the membrane phospholipid. It is hypothesized that the two structures of the quadruple mutant, monoclinic and trigonal, represent the conformations of PLA2 at the lipid interface and in solution, respectively. A docked structure with a phospholipid molecule and with a transition-state analogue bound, one at the active site coordinating to the catalytic calcium and the other at the second calcium site, but both at the i-face, is presented.

  11. Accounting for Fault Roughness in Pseudo-Dynamic Ground-Motion Simulations

    KAUST Repository

    Mai, Paul Martin

    2017-04-03

    Geological faults comprise large-scale segmentation and small-scale roughness. These multi-scale geometrical complexities determine the dynamics of the earthquake rupture process, and therefore affect the radiated seismic wavefield. In this study, we examine how different parameterizations of fault roughness lead to variability in the rupture evolution and the resulting near-fault ground motions. Rupture incoherence naturally induced by fault roughness generates high-frequency radiation that follows an ω−2 decay in displacement amplitude spectra. Because dynamic rupture simulations are computationally expensive, we test several kinematic source approximations designed to emulate the observed dynamic behavior. When simplifying the rough-fault geometry, we find that perturbations in local moment tensor orientation are important, while perturbations in local source location are not. Thus, a planar fault can be assumed if the local strike, dip, and rake are maintained. We observe that dynamic rake angle variations are anti-correlated with the local dip angles. Testing two parameterizations of dynamically consistent Yoffe-type source-time function, we show that the seismic wavefield of the approximated kinematic ruptures well reproduces the radiated seismic waves of the complete dynamic source process. This finding opens a new avenue for an improved pseudo-dynamic source characterization that captures the effects of fault roughness on earthquake rupture evolution. By including also the correlations between kinematic source parameters, we outline a new pseudo-dynamic rupture modeling approach for broadband ground-motion simulation.

  12. Accounting for Fault Roughness in Pseudo-Dynamic Ground-Motion Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mai, P. Martin; Galis, Martin; Thingbaijam, Kiran K. S.; Vyas, Jagdish C.; Dunham, Eric M.

    2017-09-01

    Geological faults comprise large-scale segmentation and small-scale roughness. These multi-scale geometrical complexities determine the dynamics of the earthquake rupture process, and therefore affect the radiated seismic wavefield. In this study, we examine how different parameterizations of fault roughness lead to variability in the rupture evolution and the resulting near-fault ground motions. Rupture incoherence naturally induced by fault roughness generates high-frequency radiation that follows an ω-2 decay in displacement amplitude spectra. Because dynamic rupture simulations are computationally expensive, we test several kinematic source approximations designed to emulate the observed dynamic behavior. When simplifying the rough-fault geometry, we find that perturbations in local moment tensor orientation are important, while perturbations in local source location are not. Thus, a planar fault can be assumed if the local strike, dip, and rake are maintained. We observe that dynamic rake angle variations are anti-correlated with the local dip angles. Testing two parameterizations of dynamically consistent Yoffe-type source-time function, we show that the seismic wavefield of the approximated kinematic ruptures well reproduces the radiated seismic waves of the complete dynamic source process. This finding opens a new avenue for an improved pseudo-dynamic source characterization that captures the effects of fault roughness on earthquake rupture evolution. By including also the correlations between kinematic source parameters, we outline a new pseudo-dynamic rupture modeling approach for broadband ground-motion simulation.

  13. Scaphoid pseudo-arthrosis: Frequency, pathogenesis and course

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schunk, K.; Teifke, A.; Benning, R.; Dahm, M.; Thelen, R.; Schild, H.

    1989-06-01

    Eighty-three scaphoid pseudo-arthroses were found amongst 1.104 scaphoid examinations. Sixtyseven were present at the first examination and 16 pseudo-arthroses developed amongst 252 scaphoid fractures. Men were affected predominantly, particularly in the 20 to 40-year old group. Fractures in the proximal third of the scaphoid and vertical oblique fractures had a particular tendency to pseudo-arthrosis formation. The operative treatment of choice is a Matti-Russe bone graft. Only one patient in seven with definite scaphoid pseudo-arthrosis showed firm fusion. (orig.).

  14. Dynamic Planar Range Maxima Queries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodal, Gerth Stølting; Tsakalidis, Konstantinos

    2011-01-01

    We consider the dynamic two-dimensional maxima query problem. Let P be a set of n points in the plane. A point is maximal if it is not dominated by any other point in P. We describe two data structures that support the reporting of the t maximal points that dominate a given query point, and allow...... for insertions and deletions of points in P. In the pointer machine model we present a linear space data structure with O(logn + t) worst case query time and O(logn) worst case update time. This is the first dynamic data structure for the planar maxima dominance query problem that achieves these bounds...... update time, using O(nlogn) space, where t is the size of the output. This improves the worst case deletion time of the dynamic rectangular visibility query problem from O(log^3 n) to O(log^2 n). We adapt the data structure to the RAM model with word size w, where the coordinates of the points...

  15. Pseudo-Observables in Higgs decays

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    In view of future high-statistics data, it is useful to define a framework for precise determinations of the properties of the Higgs particle valid in generic extensions of the Standard Model. For Higgs decays, this goal can be achieved with a limited set of "Pseudo-Observables" (PO). The PO provides a systematic generalization of the "kappa-framework" so far adopted by the LHC experiments and provide a useful bridge between data and theory predictions. I discuss how the PO are defined, with particular attention to the h->4f decays, and how they can be used to test various dynamical and symmetry hypotheses about the Higgs sector. The relation between PO and EFT couplings is also discussed.

  16. Flights in a pseudo-chaotic system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowenstein, J H; Vivaldi, F

    2011-09-01

    We consider the problem of transport in a one-parameter family of piecewise rotations of the torus, for rotation number approaching 1∕4. This is a zero-entropy system which in this limit exhibits a divided phase space, with island chains immersed in a "pseudo-chaotic" region. We identify a novel mechanism for long-range transport, namely the adiabatic destruction of accelerator-mode islands. This process originates from the approximate translational invariance of the phase space and leads to long flights of linear motion, for a significant measure of initial conditions. We show that the asymptotic probability distribution of the flight lengths is determined by the geometric properties of a partition of the accelerator-mode island associated with the flight. We establish the existence of flights travelling distances of order O(1) in phase space. We provide evidence for the existence of a scattering process that connects flights travelling in opposite directions.

  17. Planar Elongation Measurements on Soft Elastomers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Mette Krog; Skov, Anne Ladegaard; Rasmussen, Henrik K.

    2009-01-01

    A new fixture to the filament stretch rheometer (FSR) has been developed to measure planar elongation of soft polymeric networks. To validate this new technique, soft polymeric networks of poly(propyleneoxide) (PPO) were investigated during deformation....

  18. Development of high reliability planar chip inductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swanson, H.W. Jr.

    1994-08-01

    A process for fabrication of multilayer planar chip inductors on ceramic wafers has been developed. This paper will summarize the progress made in the use of step-and-repeat print processes to fabricate a family of high reliability planar chip inductors for surface mount RF applications. Experimental data on thick-film gold and plated-copper windings are presented. In addition, the development of an automated RF probe station and waferized calibration standards are discussed.

  19. Strong Coupling Optimization With Planar Spiral Resonators

    CERN Document Server

    Klein, Avraham; 10.1016/j.cap.2011.02.017

    2011-01-01

    Planar spirals offer a highly scalable geometry appropriate for wireless power transfer via strongly coupled inductive resonators. We numerically derive a set of geometric scale and material independent coupling terms, and analyze a simple model to identify design considerations for a variety of different materials. We use our model to fabricate integrated planar resonators of handheld sizes, and optimize them to achieve high Q factors, comparable to much larger systems, and strong coupling over significant distances with approximately constant efficiency.

  20. PLANAR OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES WITH PHOTONIC CRYSTAL STRUCTURE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2003-01-01

    Planar optical waveguide comprising a core region and a cladding region comprising a photonic crystal material, said photonic crystal material having a lattice of column elements, wherein at least a number of said column elements are elongated substantially in an axial direction for said core...... region. The invention also relates to optical devices comprising planar optical waveguides and methods of making waveguides and optical devices....

  1. Syngeneic AAV pseudo-vectors potentiates full vector transduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    An excessive amount of empty capsids are generated during regular AAV vector production process. These pseudo-vectors often remain in final vectors used for animal studies or clinical trials. The potential effects of these pseudo-vectors on AAV transduction have been a major concern. In the current ...

  2. Solutions of selected pseudo loop equations in water distribution ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper demonstrated the use of Microsoft Excel Solver (a computer package) in solving selected pseudo loop equations in pipe network analysis problems. Two pipe networks with pumps and overhead tanks were used to demonstrate the use of Microsoft Excel Solver in solving pseudo loops (open loops; networks with ...

  3. Planarity certification of ATLAS Micromegas detector panels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, Ralph; Biebel, Otmar; Bortfeldt, Jonathan; Flierl, Bernhard; Hertenberger, Ralf; Loesel, Philipp; Herrmann, Maximilian [LMU Muenchen (Germany); Zibell, Andre [JMU Wuerzburg (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    During the second long LHC shutdown, 2019/20, the precision tracking detectors of the ATLAS muon spectrometer in the inner end caps will be replaced using Micromegas, a planar gas-detector technology. Modules of 2 m{sup 2} area are built in quadruplets from five precisely planar sandwich panels that define the anodes and the cathodes of the four active detector planes. A panel is composed of three consecutive layers FR4 - aluminum honeycomb - FR4. Single plane spatial particle resolution below 100 μm is achievable when the deviations from planarity of the strip-anodes do not exceed 80 μm RMS over the whole active area and the parallelism of the readout strips is within 30 μm. In order to measure the dimensional accuracy of each panel, laser distance sensors combined with a coordinate measurement system have been investigated. The sensor requirements to measure the planarity of the panels are a resolution of 0.3 μm and a beam spot diameter of ∼20 μm, well below 100 μ m the size of the smallest structures. We report on achieved planarities of the panels and the performance of the laser sensor system. A panel with an RMS better than 30 μm was build and the evolution of its planarity due to humidity and temperature effects is shown.

  4. Pseudo-populations a basic concept in statistical surveys

    CERN Document Server

    Quatember, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    This book emphasizes that artificial or pseudo-populations play an important role in statistical surveys from finite universes in two manners: firstly, the concept of pseudo-populations may substantially improve users’ understanding of various aspects in the sampling theory and survey methodology; an example of this scenario is the Horvitz-Thompson estimator. Secondly, statistical procedures exist in which pseudo-populations actually have to be generated. An example of such a scenario can be found in simulation studies in the field of survey sampling, where close-to-reality pseudo-populations are generated from known sample and population data to form the basis for the simulation process. The chapters focus on estimation methods, sampling techniques, nonresponse, questioning designs and statistical disclosure control.This book is a valuable reference in understanding the importance of the pseudo-population concept and applying it in teaching and research.

  5. PseudoBase++: an extension of PseudoBase for easy searching, formatting and visualization of pseudoknots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taufer, Michela; Licon, Abel; Araiza, Roberto; Mireles, David; van Batenburg, F H D; Gultyaev, Alexander P; Leung, Ming-Ying

    2009-01-01

    Pseudoknots have been recognized to be an important type of RNA secondary structures responsible for many biological functions. PseudoBase, a widely used database of pseudoknot secondary structures developed at Leiden University, contains over 250 records of pseudoknots obtained in the past 25 years through crystallography, NMR, mutational experiments and sequence comparisons. To promptly address the growing analysis requests of the researchers on RNA structures and bring together information from multiple sources across the Internet to a single platform, we designed and implemented PseudoBase++, an extension of PseudoBase for easy searching, formatting and visualization of pseudoknots. PseudoBase++ (http://pseudobaseplusplus.utep.edu) maps the PseudoBase dataset into a searchable relational database including additional functionalities such as pseudoknot type. PseudoBase++ links each pseudoknot in PseudoBase to the GenBank record of the corresponding nucleotide sequence and allows scientists to automatically visualize RNA secondary structures with PseudoViewer. It also includes the capabilities of fine-grained reference searching and collecting new pseudoknot information.

  6. A pseudo-tetragonal tungsten bronze superstructure: a combined solution of the crystal structure of K6.4(Nb,Ta)(36.3)O94 with advanced transmission electron microscopy and neutron diffraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paria Sena, Robert; Babaryk, Artem A; Khainakov, Sergiy; Garcia-Granda, Santiago; Slobodyanik, Nikolay S; Van Tendeloo, Gustaaf; Abakumov, Artem M; Hadermann, Joke

    2016-01-21

    The crystal structure of the K6.4Nb28.2Ta8.1O94 pseudo-tetragonal tungsten bronze-type oxide was determined using a combination of X-ray powder diffraction, neutron diffraction and transmission electron microscopy techniques, including electron diffraction, high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), annular bright field STEM (ABF-STEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray compositional mapping (STEM-EDX). The compound crystallizes in the space group Pbam with unit cell parameters a = 37.468(9) Å, b = 12.493(3) Å, c = 3.95333(15) Å. The structure consists of corner sharing (Nb,Ta)O6 octahedra forming trigonal, tetragonal and pentagonal tunnels. All tetragonal tunnels are occupied by K(+) ions, while 1/3 of the pentagonal tunnels are preferentially occupied by Nb(5+)/Ta(5+) and 2/3 are occupied by K(+) in a regular pattern. A fractional substitution of K(+) in the pentagonal tunnels by Nb(5+)/Ta(5+) is suggested by the analysis of the HAADF-STEM images. In contrast to similar structures, such as K2Nb8O21, also parts of the trigonal tunnels are fractionally occupied by K(+) cations.

  7. La tuberculose abdominale pseudo-tumorale

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Barni, Rachid; Lahkim, Mohamed; Achour, Abdessamad

    2012-01-01

    Introduction L’objectif de ce travail est de rapporter cinq cas de tuberculose abdominale pseudo-tumorale afin d’en souligner les aspects diagnostiques et thérapeutiques. Cinq observations sont colligées dans le service de chirurgie générale de l’hôpital militaire Avicenne de Marrakech au cours de l’année 2007. Les aspects cliniques sont disparates. Ainsi, les auteurs ont noté un syndrome péritonéal dans un cas, une masse épigastrique dans un cas, une lésion suspect du sigmoïde dans un cas, une masse de la fosse iliaque droite dans un cas et une altération de l’état général avec fièvre dans le dernier cas. Un seul patient avaient bénéficié d’une biopsie scano-guidée et les quatre patients restants avaient été opérés. Une masse du méso côlon était notée dans le premier cas. Dans le second cas, l’aspect de la masse épigastrique et son siège avaient orienté vers une tumeur du grand omentum. Une localisation tuberculeuse péritonéale et sigmoïdienne avait été trouvée dans le troisième cas. Le diagnostic d’une tumeur du côlon droit était hautement suspect chez le patient séropositif qui avait présenté une péritonite post-opératoire et décédé à J + 3 dans un tableau de choc septique. Le siège et l’aspect nécrotique des lésions trouvées à la tomodensitométrie chez la seule patiente de l’étude avaient fait discuter en premier un lymphome. Même en l’absence d’antécédents de tuberculose pulmonaire, le diagnostic tuberculose abdominale pseudo-tumorale doit être évoqué surtout dans un pays d’endémie comme le notre et le recours à une laparotomie est justifié chaque fois que persiste un doute diagnostique ou en cas de complication. PMID:23330023

  8. The theory of pseudo-rigid bodies

    CERN Document Server

    Cohen, Harley

    1988-01-01

    This monograph concerns the development, analysis, and application of the theory of pseudo-rigid bodies. It collects together our work on that subject over the last five years. While some results have appeared else­ where, much of the work is new. Our objective in writing this mono­ graph has been to present a new theory of the deformation of bodies, one that has not only a firm theoretical basis, but also the simplicity to serve as an effective tool in practical problems. Consequently, the main body of the treatise is a multifaceted development of the theory, from foundations to explicit solutions to linearizations to methods of approximation. The fact that this variety of aspects, each examined in considerable detail, can be collected together in a single, unified treat­ ment gives this theory an elegance that we feel sets it apart from many others. While our goal has always been to give a complete treatment of the theory as it now stands, the work here is not meant to be definitive. Theories are not ent...

  9. Loop-Effects in Pseudo-Supersymmetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klein, Matthias

    2002-11-01

    We analyze the transmission of supersymmetry breaking in brane-world models of pseudo-supersymmetry. In these models two branes preserve different halves of the bulk supersymmetry. Thus supersymmetry is broken although each sector of the model is supersymmetric when considered separately. The world-volume theory on one brane feels the breakdown of supersymmetry only through two-loop interactions involving a coupling to fields from the other brane. In a 5D toy model with bulk vectors, we compute the diagrams that contribute to scalar masses on one brane and find that the masses are proportional to the compactification scale up to logarithmic corrections, m{sup 2} {infinity} (2{pi}R){sup -2} (ln(2{pi}R m{sub S}) - 1.1), where m{sub s} is an ultraviolet cutoff. Thus, for large compactification radii, where this result is valid, the brane scalars acquire a positive mass squared. We also compute the three-loop diagrams relevant to the Casimir energy between the two branes and find E {infinity} (2{pi}R){sup -4}((ln(2{pi}R m{sub S}) - 1.7){sup 2} + 0.2). For large radii, this yields a repulsive Casimir force.

  10. Inkjet-based adaptive planarization (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhal, Shrawan; Grigas, Michelle M.; Khusnatdinov, Niyaz; Sreenivasan, Srinivasan V.

    2017-03-01

    Planarization is a critical unit step in the lithography process because it enables patterning of surfaces with versatile pattern density without compromising on the stringent planarity and depth-of-focus requirements. In addition to nanoscale pattern density variation, parasitics such as pre-existing wafer topography, can corrupt the desired process output after planarization. The topography of any surface can be classified in three broad categories, depending upon the amplitude and spatial wavelength of the same [1], [2]: (i) nominal shape, (ii) nanotopography and (iii) roughness. The nominal shape is given by the largest spatial wavelengths, typically corrupts the final film thickness profile. Hence, it becomes extremely difficult to eliminate this signature to a desirable extent without introducing other parasitic signatures. An example of this is shown in Figure 1. In this paper, a novel adaptive planarization process has been presented that potentially addresses the problems associated with planarization of varying pattern density, even in the presence of pre-existing substrate topography [9]. This process is called Inkjet-enabled Adaptive Planarization (IAP). The IAP process uses an inverse optimization scheme, built around a validated fluid mechanics-based forward model [10], that takes the pre-existing substrate topography and pattern layout as inputs. It then generates an inkjet drop pattern with a material distribution that is correlated with the desired planarization film profile. This allows a contiguous film to be formed with the desired thickness variation to cater to the topography and any parasitic signatures caused by the pattern layout. This film is formed by the coercing action of a compliant superstrate, which forces the drops to spread and merge and eliminates any bubble trapping. Then, the film is cured using blanket UV exposure and the superstrate separated to reveal the desired planarized film. The use of an inverse optimization algorithm

  11. Hacerse y volverse como nexos pseudo-copulativos

    OpenAIRE

    Delbecque, Nicole; Van Gorp, Lise

    2013-01-01

    Cette contribution aborde les différences conceptuelles entre les pseudo-copules hacerse et volverse, partant des notions de «réalisation» et de «régression» qui caractérisent leurs emplois lexicaux. Esta contribución aborda las diferencias conceptuales entre las pseudo-cópulas hacerse y volverse, partiendo de las nociones de «realización» y de «regresión» que caracterizan sus empleos léxicos. This contribution tackles the conceptual differences between the pseudo-copulas hacerse and vo...

  12. Pseudo-Supersymmetry and the Domain-Wall/Cosmology Correspondence

    OpenAIRE

    Skenderis, K.; Townsend, P. K.

    2006-01-01

    The correspondence between domain-wall and cosmological solutions of gravity coupled to scalar fields is explained. Any domain wall solution that admits a Killing spinor is shown to correspond to a cosmology that admits a pseudo-Killing spinor: whereas the Killing spinor obeys a Dirac-type equation with hermitian `mass'-matrix, the corresponding pseudo-Killing spinor obeys a Dirac-type equation with a anti-hermitian `mass'-matrix. We comment on some implications of (pseudo)supersymmetry.

  13. Abobotulinum - a toxin injection in patients with refractory idiopathic detrusor overactivity: injections in detrusor, trigone and bladder neck or prostatic urethra, versus detrusor - only injections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emami, Maryam; Shadpour, Pejman; Kashi, Amir H; Choopani, Masoud; Zeighami, Mohammadreza

    2017-07-20

    To evaluate if the injections of abobotulinum-A toxin in trigone and bladder neck/prostatic urethra in addition to detrusor provides better symptoms relief and urodynamic findings in patients with idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO) refractory to medical treatment. A total of 74 patients with IDO refractory to anticholinergics received injections in detrusor, trigone and bladder neck/prostatic urethra (Group A, N=36) versus detrusor only injections (Group B, N=38) of abobotulinum-A toxin. All patients were evaluated by a standard overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) questionnaire and cystometrography before and 6 weeks after the operation. OABSS questionnaire was also completed 20 weeks after the operation. The magnitude of OABSS reduction from baseline to 6 weeks after operation in groups A and B patients was 13.4±2.2 versus 11.7±2.1 (p=0.001). Cystometry results were similar in both groups except for higher volume at urgent desire to void in Group B patients (p injection produces greater reductions in OABSS score and less residual urine volume but a lower volume at urgent desire to void in comparison with detrusor only injections. Copyright® by the International Brazilian Journal of Urology.

  14. Investigations of the optical and EPR data and local structure for the trigonal tetrahedral Co2+ centers in LiGa5O8: Co2+ crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Jian; Liao, Bi-Tao; Mei, Yang; Liu, Hong-Gang; Zheng, Wen-Chen

    2018-01-01

    In this paper, we calculate uniformly the optical and EPR data for Co2+ ion at the trigonal tetrahedral Ga3+ site in LiGa5O8 crystal from the complete diagonalization (of energy matrix) method founded on the two-spin-orbit-parameter model, where the contributions to the spectroscopic data from both the spin-orbit parameter of dn ion (in the classical crystal field theory) and that of ligand ions are contained. The calculated ten spectroscopic data (seven optical bands and three spin-Hamiltonian parameters g//, g⊥ and D) with only four adjustable parameters are in good agreement with the available observed values. Compared with the host (GaO4)5- cluster, the great angular distortion and hence the great trigonal distortion of (CoO4)6- impurity center obtained from the calculations are referred to the large charge and size mismatch substitution. This explains reasonably the observed great g-anisotropy Δg (= g// - g⊥) and zero-field splitting D for the (CoO4)6- cluster in LiGa5O8: Co2+ crystal.

  15. A technique for resection of invasive tumors involving the trigone area of the bladder in dogs: preliminary results in two dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saulnier-Troff, Francois-Guillaume; Busoni, Valeria; Hamaide, Annick

    2008-07-01

    To describe a surgical technique for resection of the entire bladder neck, including the trigone and proximal urethra in dogs with invasive tumors causing life-threatening urinary tract obstruction. Clinical case reports. Dogs (n=2) with bladder tumors. Circumferential excision of the bladder neck and proximal urethra with preservation of the neurovascular pedicles was performed to remove a rhabdomyosarcoma (dog 1) and a transitional cell carcinoma (dog 2) involving the trigone and bladder neck that were causing urinary tract obstruction. Reconstruction of the bladder and proximal urethra included bilateral ureteroneocystostomy. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered postoperatively to both dogs. Postoperatively, dogs 1 and 2 were continent after 7 and 17 days, respectively, and regained normal urinary function after resolution of a transient pollakiuria. Dog 1 had no evidence of local or regional recurrence; however, a large solitary pulmonary metastatic lesion was diagnosed 8 months later. The dog was euthanatized despite a lack of clinical signs. Dog 2 had at least 1 metastatic lesion in the abdominal wall 6 months later and was euthanatized at 580 days because of renal failure. En-bloc removal of the bladder neck and proximal urethra with preservation of the dorsal vascular and nervous pedicles, although a technically challenging procedure, can be performed without associated urinary incontinence or bladder wall necrosis. In dogs with invasive bladder tumors causing life-threatening urinary tract obstruction, resection of the bladder neck and proximal urethra should be considered as a promising surgical alternative to urinary diversion.

  16. Planar Tri-Band Antenna Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Pokorny

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper briefly uncovers techniques used for a design of compact planar antennas in order to achieve the wideband and the multi-band capability. The main topic is aimed to the multi-objective optimization using genetic algorithms. A quarter-wavelength planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA using a slot and shorted parasitic patches is chosen to cover GSM900, GSM1800 and ISM2400 bands. A global multi-objective optimization uses a binary genetic algorithm with a composite objective function to tune this antenna. The impedance match and the direction of maximum gain are desired parameters to improve.

  17. Planar dynamical systems selected classical problems

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Yirong; Huang, Wentao

    2014-01-01

    This book presents in an elementary way the recent significant developments in the qualitative theory of planar dynamical systems. The subjects are covered as follows: the studies of center and isochronous center problems, multiple Hopf bifurcations and local and global bifurcations of the equivariant planar vector fields which concern with Hilbert's 16th problem. This book is intended for graduate students, post-doctors and researchers in the area of theories and applications of dynamical systems. For all engineers who are interested the theory of dynamical systems, it is also a reasona

  18. Pseudo-differential operators groups, geometry and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Zhu, Hongmei

    2017-01-01

    This volume consists of papers inspired by the special session on pseudo-differential operators at the 10th ISAAC Congress held at the University of Macau, August 3-8, 2015 and the mini-symposium on pseudo-differential operators in industries and technologies at the 8th ICIAM held at the National Convention Center in Beijing, August 10-14, 2015. The twelve papers included present cutting-edge trends in pseudo-differential operators and applications from the perspectives of Lie groups (Chapters 1-2), geometry (Chapters 3-5) and applications (Chapters 6-12). Many contributions cover applications in probability, differential equations and time-frequency analysis. A focus on the synergies of pseudo-differential operators with applications, especially real-life applications, enhances understanding of the analysis and the usefulness of these operators.

  19. Pseudo-Goldstone modes in isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cohen, T.D. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Broniowski, W. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow (Poland)

    1995-01-01

    The authors analyze the chiral limit in dense isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter. It is shown that the pseudo-Goldstone modes in this system are qualitatively different from the case of isospin-symmetric matter.

  20. Pseudo-Goldstone modes in isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cohen, T.D. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Broniowski, W. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow (Poland)

    1994-12-01

    We analyze the chiral limit in dense isoptin-asymmetric nuclear matter. It is shown that the pseudo-Goldstone modes in this system are qualitatively different from the case of isospin-symmetric matter. (author). 20 refs.

  1. Her-entingen tegen Pseudo Vogelpest (NCD) op 'Het Spelderholt'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voorst, van A.

    1993-01-01

    Pseudo Vogelpest of NCD is een gevreesde virusziekte, waartegen een entverplichting geldt. Na het uitbreken van de ziekte in het zuiden van Nederland is al het volwassen pluimvee op Het Spelderholt opnieuw geënt.

  2. Pseudo-outbreak of Actinomyces graevenitzii associated with bronchoscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peaper, David R; Havill, Nancy L; Aniskiewicz, Michael; Callan, Deborah; Pop, Olivia; Towle, Dana; Boyce, John M

    2015-01-01

    Outbreaks and pseudo-outbreaks of infection related to bronchoscopy typically involve Gram-negative bacteria, Mycobacterium species or Legionella species. We report an unusual bronchoscopy-related pseudo-outbreak due to Actinomyces graevenitzii. Extensive epidemiological and microbiological investigation failed to identify a common source. Strain typing revealed that the cluster was comprised of heterogeneous strains of A. graevenitzii. A change in laboratory procedures for Actinomyces cultures was coincident with the emergence of the pseudo-outbreak, and we determined that A. graevenitzii isolates more readily adopted a white, dry, molar tooth appearance on anaerobic colistin nalidixic acid (CNA) agar which likely facilitated its detection and identification in bronchoscopic specimens. This unusual pseudo-outbreak was related to frequent requests of bronchoscopists for Actinomyces cultures combined with a change in microbiology laboratory practices. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  3. Pseudo-telepathy: input cardinality and Bell-type inequalities

    OpenAIRE

    Gisin, Nicolas; Methot, André; Scarani, Valerio

    2006-01-01

    Pseudo-telepathy is the most recent form of rejection of locality. Many of its properties have already been discovered: for instance, the minimal entanglement, as well as the minimal cardinality of the output sets, have been characterized. This paper contains two main results. First, we prove that no bipartite pseudo-telepathy game exists, in which one of the partners receives only two questions; as a corollary, we show that the minimal "input cardinality", that is, the minimal number of ques...

  4. Maximally entangled states in pseudo-telepathy games

    OpenAIRE

    Mančinska, Laura

    2015-01-01

    A pseudo-telepathy game is a nonlocal game which can be won with probability one using some finite-dimensional quantum strategy but not using a classical one. Our central question is whether there exist two-party pseudo-telepathy games which cannot be won with probability one using a maximally entangled state. Towards answering this question, we develop conditions under which maximally entangled states suffice. In particular, we show that maximally entangled states suffice for weak projection...

  5. On Some (Pseudo) Involutions in the Riordan Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Naiomi T.; Nkwanta, Asamoah

    2005-08-01

    In this paper, we address a question posed by L. Shapiro regarding algebraic and/or combinatorial characterizations of the elements of order 2 in the Riordan group. We present two classes of combinatorial matrices having pseudo-order 2. In one class, we find generalizations of Pascal's triangle and use some special cases to discover and prove interesting identities. In the other class, we find generalizations of Nkwanta's RNA triangle and show that they are pseudo-involutions.

  6. Diagnosis and Treatment of Pseudo-Class III Malocclusion

    OpenAIRE

    Ariel Reyes; Luis Serret; Marcos Peguero; Orlando Tanaka

    2014-01-01

    Pseudo-Class III malocclusion is characterized by the presence of an anterior crossbite due to a forward functional displacement of the mandible; in most cases, the maxillary incisors present some degree of retroclination, and the mandibular incisors are proclined. Various types of appliances have been described in the literature for the early treatment of pseudo-Class III malocclusion. The objectives of this paper are to demonstrate the importance of making the differential diagnosis between...

  7. Study of gray image pseudo-color processing algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jinlong; Peng, Xianrong; Xu, Zhiyong

    In gray images which contain abundant information, if the differences between adjacent pixels' intensity are small, the required information can not be extracted by humans, since humans are more sensitive to color images than gray images. If gray images are transformed to pseudo-color images, the details of images will be more explicit, and the target will be recognized more easily. There are two methods (in frequency field and in spatial field) to realize pseudo-color enhancement of gray images. The first method is mainly the filtering in frequency field, and the second is the equal density pseudo-color coding methods which mainly include density segmentation coding, function transformation and complementary pseudo-color coding. Moreover, there are many other methods to realize pseudo-color enhancement, such as pixel's self-transformation based on RGB tri-primary, pseudo-color coding from phase-modulated image based on RGB color model, pseudo-color coding of high gray-resolution image, et al. However, above methods are tailored to a particular situation and transformations are based on RGB color space. In order to improve the visual effect, the method based on RGB color space and pixels' self-transformation is improved in this paper, which is based on HIS color space. Compared with other methods, some gray images with ordinary formats can be processed, and many gray images can be transformed to pseudo-color images with 24 bits. The experiment shows that the processed image has abundant levels, which is consistent with human's perception.

  8. Gastric pseudo-ulcers: membrana angularis and pyloric torus defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peavy, P W; Clements, J L; Weens, H S

    1975-03-01

    The membrana angularis and pyloric torus defects are two physiologic bulges which can simulate ulcerations along the lesser curvature of the stomach. The muscular anatomy of the stomach and the mechanism which produces these pseudo-ulcers are discussed. Both pseudoniches can be seen transiently in normal individuals but occasionally are such prominence as to become diagnostic pitfalls. The features and significance of each pseudo-ulcer are reviewed in an attempt to facilitate recognition on the upper gastrointestinal barium examination.

  9. Pseudo-Hermitian quantum mechanics with unbounded metric operators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostafazadeh, Ali

    2013-04-28

    I extend the formulation of pseudo-Hermitian quantum mechanics to η(+)-pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonian operators H with an unbounded metric operator η(+). In particular, I give the details of the construction of the physical Hilbert space, observables and equivalent Hermitian Hamiltonian for the case that H has a real and discrete spectrum and its eigenvectors belong to the domain of η(+) and consequently √η(+).

  10. "Pseudo" nomenclature in dermatology: What′s in a name?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangita Ghosh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the bewildering array of scientific nomenclature in the medical field, it is important to use correct terminology, know their aberrations and the reason behind a specific terminology. This paper is an attempt towards compiling all the pseudo-nomenclatures coined in dermatology, in order to make it easier to retain and recollect these pseudo names, signs, morphology, diseases, and conditions. It is also imperative to know the true entities that these pseudo names masquerade as, so as to understand the explanation for assigning the term ′pseudo′ to these conditions. A total of 52 pseudo-terms have been compiled here in reference to dermatology. Most of these pseudo-nomenclatures were coined due to some clinical or histopathological resemblance to the true conditions, while some were premature conclusions drawn from a flawed understanding of the basic nature of the condition. Clear understanding of each of these terms and the explanation behind them being pseudo will enable a dermatologist to avoid misdiagnosis and needless confusion.

  11. Constant Width Planar Computation Characterizes ACC0

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, K.A.

    2004-01-01

    We obtain a characterization of ACC 0 in terms of a natural class of constant width circuits, namely in terms of constant width polynomial size planar circuits. This is shown via a characterization of the class of acyclic digraphs which can be embedded on a cylinder surface in such a way that all...

  12. Modified planar functions and their components

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anbar Meidl, Nurdagül; Meidl, Wilfried Meidl

    2017-01-01

    Zhou ([20]) introduced modified planar functions in order to describe (2n; 2n; 2n; 1) relative difference sets R as a graph of a function on the finite field F2n, and pointed out that projections of R are difference sets that can be described by negabent or bent4 functions, which are Boolean func...

  13. Planar chromatography coupled with spectroscopic techniques.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Somsen, G.W.; Wilson, I.D.; Morden, W.

    1995-01-01

    Recent progress in the combination of planar, or thin-layer chromatography (TLC) with a variety of modern spectroscopic techniques is reviewed. The utility of TLC for separation followed by mass spectrometry, with a variety of ionisation techniques, is illustrated with reference to a wide range of

  14. Multiband echo-shifted echo planar imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boyacioǧlu, R.; Schulz, J.; Norris, David Gordon

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To propose the technique multiband echo-shifted (MESH) echo planar imaging (EPI), which combines the principles of echo-shifted acquisition for two-dimensional multislice EPI, with both in-plane and multiband acceleration by means of partial parallel imaging techniques. Methods MESH EPI is

  15. Numerical Study of Planar GPR Antenna Measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meincke, Peter; Hansen, Thorkild

    2004-01-01

    The formulation of planar near-field measurements of GPR antennas determines the plane-wave spectra of the GPR antenna in terms of measurements obtained with a buried probe as the GPR antenna moves over a scan plane on the ground. A numerical study investigates how the formulation is affected by (1...

  16. The Jahn-Teller and pseudo Jahn-Teller effect in materials science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bersuker, I. B.

    2017-05-01

    Defining materials science as a translation from microscopic foundations of matter to macroscopic performance in applications, this mostly review paper is devoted to the special features of matter with Jahn-Teller (JT) and pseudo JT (PJT) centers that makes it outstanding in the search of novel properties and applications as novel materials. There are three kinds of problems in this respect. The first is related to the difficulties in the use of computer simulation of observable properties (a methodology widely employed in materials science) in application to systems with dynamic JT and PJT effects. The second is due to the specifics of such systems in interaction with external perturbations, which contribute with a strong orientational effect that enhances the observable properties by orders of magnitude. The third kind of problems relevant to materials science is in the use of the JT and PJT effects in revealing the origin of structural properties of a relevant polyatomic system and working out methods to influence them in designing novel materials. The paper formulates these problems and provides for examples that demonstrate their importance. For the second group of problems, illustrative examples include flexoelectricity, permittivity, and electrostriction in systems with dynamical JT and PJT centers, and it is shown that the latter enhance the observable properties by several orders of magnitude. Also related to this group of problems are the magnetic-dielectric bistabilities in molecular systems and solids induced by JT and PJT effect, illustrated on molecules like CuF3 and crystals of the type LiCuO2. The third group of problems is shown by the already multiply used application of the PJTE to reveal the origin of distortions of planar configuration in 2D (graphene-like) and quasi-2D materials and to work out methods of restoration of their planar configurations by means of external perturbations.

  17. Applications of the pseudo-harmonics to the multidimensional kinetics; Aplicacao do metodo dos pseudo-harmonicos a cinetica multidimensional

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lima, Zelmo Rodrigues de; Silva, Fernando Carvalho da; Alvim, Antonio C. Marques [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia. Programa de Engenharia Nuclear]. E-mail: zelmo@con.ufrj.br; fernando@con.ufrj.br; alvim@con.ufrj.br

    2005-07-01

    In this work we propose the application of the pseudo-harmonics in modal methods of spatial kinetics. The pseudo-harmonics, or the pseudo-modes, are the eigenfunctions associated to the leakage+removal operator in each group of energy of the steady-state diffusion equation. This operator is self-adjoint and it is not necessary to calculate the adjoints eigenfunctions. In the present work the pseudo-harmonics will be obtained starting from the equation of diffusion discretized by the coarse-mesh finite difference (CMFD). The modal methods approximate the time-dependent flux for an expansion in functions predetermined, that include the spatial dependence, with unknown expansion coefficients, that include the whole dependent part of the time. The obtaining of the system whose solution they are the coefficients of the modal expansion is done with aid of a function weight. Using the pseudomodes obtained in the steady state calculations, in the modal expansion as been the dependent functions of the space, we will show that the function weight can be chosen as being the own adjoint pseudo-modes. This calculation leads to a linear system of ordinary differential equations with the defined dimension for the number of pseudo-harmonics employed. The solution of the equations is built through the analytical integration of the equations of the precursor of delayed neutron. The proposed method was tested and it present good results, when compared with the direct method. (author)

  18. When Is "Pseudo-Ludwig's Angina" Associated With Coagulopathy Also a "Pseudo" Hemorrhage?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovallo, Emily; Patterson, Sarah; Erickson, Mitchel; Chin, Cynthia; Blanc, Paul; Durrani, Timur S

    2013-01-01

    Sublingual hematoma secondary to short-acting anticoagulants such as warfarin has been labeled "pseudo-Ludwig's angina" to distinguish it from the classic syndrome of localized infection and swelling involving the upper airway. Sublingual hematoma with airway compromise secondary to brodifacoum, a common long-acting anticoagulant rodenticide, has only been reported in the veterinary literature. We report a case of massive tongue swelling and impending airway compromise in the context of an intentional long-acting anticoagulant ingestion leading to coagulopathy. The swelling was initially presumed to be due either to infection or hemorrhage, but this was not supported by computed tomography scan imaging. Instead, the patient's clinical course was consistent with corticosteroid-responsive angioedema, temporally associated with the ingested brodifacoum.

  19. Planarization Of Multilevel Metalization Processes: A Critical Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Yue

    1987-04-01

    This paper presents a critical review of conventional and novel planarization processes such as Glass Flow, Etchback with or without a sacrificial layer, SOG, BSQ, Polyimide, Substrate-biased PECVD, and Pillars. Key issues in a planarization process, e.g., surface morphology, process simplicity and reliability, material characteristics, and etch control are discussed. A comparison of various planarization processes is tabulated. The future trend of the planarization technology is examined according to the above principles.

  20. The next chapter in MOF pillaring strategies: Trigonal heterofunctional ligands to access targeted high-connected three dimensional nets, isoreticular platforms

    KAUST Repository

    Eubank, Jarrod F.

    2011-11-09

    A new pillaring strategy, based on a ligand-to-axial approach that combines the two previous common techniques, axial-to-axial and ligand-to-ligand, and permits design, access, and construction of higher dimensional MOFs, is introduced and validated. Trigonal heterofunctional ligands, in this case isophthalic acid cores functionalized at the 5-position with N-donor (e.g., pyridyl- or triazolyl-type) moieties, are designed and utilized to pillar pretargeted two-dimensional layers (supermolecular building layers, SBLs). These SBLs, based on edge transitive Kagomé and square lattices, are cross-linked into predicted three-dimensional MOFs with tunable large cavities, resulting in isoreticular platforms. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

  1. Brain MR image segmentation using NAMS in pseudo-color.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hua; Chen, Chuanbo; Fang, Shaohong; Zhao, Shengrong

    2017-12-01

    Image segmentation plays a crucial role in various biomedical applications. In general, the segmentation of brain Magnetic Resonance (MR) images is mainly used to represent the image with several homogeneous regions instead of pixels for surgical analyzing and planning. This paper proposes a new approach for segmenting MR brain images by using pseudo-color based segmentation with Non-symmetry and Anti-packing Model with Squares (NAMS). First of all, the NAMS model is presented. The model can represent the image with sub-patterns to keep the image content and largely reduce the data redundancy. Second, the key idea is proposed that convert the original gray-scale brain MR image into a pseudo-colored image and then segment the pseudo-colored image with NAMS model. The pseudo-colored image can enhance the color contrast in different tissues in brain MR images, which can improve the precision of segmentation as well as directly visual perceptional distinction. Experimental results indicate that compared with other brain MR image segmentation methods, the proposed NAMS based pseudo-color segmentation method performs more excellent in not only segmenting precisely but also saving storage.

  2. Effect on Two-Step Polishing Process of Electrochemical Mechanical Planarization and Chemical-Mechanical Planarization on Planarization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Sukhoon; Joo, Sukbae; Kim, Hyoungjae; Kim, Sungryul; Jeong, Haedo

    2009-06-01

    Chemical-mechanical planarization (CMP) is a technique used for planarizing an overburden film in the fabrication of semiconductor devices by chemical treatment and mechanical abrasion. However, a variety of defects such as dishing of metal interconnects, erosion, delamination, and metal layer peeling are generated by a high down force in CMP. A high down force is required to generate a high material removal rate (MRR), which results in greater defects. To minimize these defects, a new planarization process is used, known as electrochemical mechanical planarization (ECMP), which requires electrochemical and mechanical energies. ECMP first involves using an electrochemical reaction to change the surface on the target material into a passivation film. Then, the passivation film is worn down using a polishing pad or abrasives on the contacted areas of the metal film with the polishing pad under a low down force. The electrochemical energy dissolves the copper solid into copper ions in an aqueous electrolyte on the contacted areas of the metal film and the polishing pad. Therefore, the low-down-force ECMP reduces the defects such as dishing, erosion, delamination and metal layer peeling to a greater degree than a conventional high-down-force CMP. Also, the MRR of the ECMP process is higher than that of the low-down-force CMP process because the MRR of the ECMP process is proportional to current density. However, some residual metal between the dielectric material was generated through the use of a nonconductive polishing pad in the ECMP process. Therefore, the CMP process is required for the final process to remove residual metals. In this research, we investigated a two-step polishing method that consists of ECMP with a nonconductive polishing pad and a conventional CMP process to planarize a micro-patterned wafer for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). First, the ECMP process using a nonconductive polishing pad removed several tens of micrometers (µm) of bulk

  3. Orientifold Planar Equivalence: The Chiral Condensate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Armoni, Adi; Lucini, Biagio; Patella, Agostino

    2008-01-01

    in SU($N$) Yang-Mills in the large $N$ limit. Then, we compute numerically those quenched condensates for $N$ up to 8. After separating the even from the odd corrections in $1/N$, we are able to show that our data support the equivalence; however, unlike other quenched observables, subleading terms......The recently introduced orientifold planar equivalence is a promising tool for solving non-perturbative problems in QCD. One of the predictions of orientifold planar equivalence is that the chiral condensates of a theory with $N_f$ flavours of Dirac fermions in the symmetric (or antisymmetric......) representation and $N_f$ flavours of Majorana fermions in the adjoint representation have the same large $N$ value for any value of the mass of the (degenerate) fermions. Assuming the invariance of the theory under charge conjugation, we prove this statement on the lattice for staggered quenched condensates...

  4. Superconductivity in the Planar Hubbard Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarrell, Mark; Hess, Daryl; Maier, Thomas

    2001-03-01

    We use the Dynamical Cluster Approximation (DCA)( M. H. Hettler et al.), Phys. Rev. B 58, 7475 (1998) to study the phase diagram of the planar Hubbard model. The DCA is fully causal. It systematically incorporates non-local corrections to the Dynamical Mean Field Approximation (DMFA), while retaining the full translational and point group symmetry of the system. The DCA maps the lattice problem onto a self-consistently embedded cluster problem which is solved with a parallel Quantum Monte Carlo algorithm. The planar model is composed of an infinite number of weakly coupled two-dimensional Hubbard sheets. The coupling between the sheets is treated with the DMFA, whereas the fluctuations within each sheet are treated using the DCA. The interplanar coupling serves to stabilize the antiferromagnetic and superconducting phases as the cluster size increases. We compare our results with those obtained from other techniques.

  5. Orientifold Planar Equivalence: The Quenched Meson Spectrum

    CERN Document Server

    Lucini, Biagio; Patella, Agostino; Rago, Antonio

    2010-01-01

    A numerical study of Orientifold Planar Equivalence is performed in SU(N) Yang-Mills theories for N=2,3,4,6. Quenched meson masses are extracted in the antisymmetric, symmetric and adjoint representations for the pseudoscalar and vector channels. An extrapolation of the vector mass as a function of the pseudoscalar mass to the large-N limit shows that the numerical results agree within errors for the three theories, as predicted by Orientifold Planar Equivalence. As a byproduct of the extrapolation, the size of the corrections up to O(1/N^3) are evaluated. A crucial prerequisite for the extrapolation is the determination of an analytical relationship between the corrections in the symmetric and in the antisymmetric representations, order by order in a 1/N expansion.

  6. Advances in Planar and Integrated Magnetics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ouyang, Ziwei

    The trend toward high power density, high operating frequency, and low profile in power converters has exposed a number of limitations in the use of conventional wirewound magnetic component structures. Transformers made of the planar principle eliminate virtually some shortcomings of old...... and experimentally verified. • E‐I‐E core structure with integrated transformers and inductors is applied into the two recent developed dc‐dc topologies. • A new method to integrate the current balancing transformer with common input inductor for the primary‐parallel dc‐dc converter is proposed. • A low profile...... capacitance. Accordingly, a clear cognition for the intrinsic properties of planar magnetics has been given. Trade‐offs is unavoidable in the magnetics design, and thus an analysis of tradeoffs is necessary for an optimum design in a high quality dc‐dc converter. In addition, an improved interwinding...

  7. Planar graphical models which are easy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chernyak, Vladimir [WAYNE STATE UNIV

    2009-01-01

    We describe a rich family of binary variables statistical mechanics models on planar graphs which are equivalent to Gaussian Grassmann Graphical models (free fermions). Calculation of partition function (weighted counting) in the models is easy (of polynomial complexity) as reduced to evaluation of determinants of matrixes linear in the number of variables. In particular, this family of models covers Holographic Algorithms of Valiant and extends on the Gauge Transformations discussed in our previous works.

  8. Diagnosis and Treatment of Pseudo-Class III Malocclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes, Ariel; Serret, Luis; Peguero, Marcos; Tanaka, Orlando

    2014-01-01

    Pseudo-Class III malocclusion is characterized by the presence of an anterior crossbite due to a forward functional displacement of the mandible; in most cases, the maxillary incisors present some degree of retroclination, and the mandibular incisors are proclined. Various types of appliances have been described in the literature for the early treatment of pseudo-Class III malocclusion. The objectives of this paper are to demonstrate the importance of making the differential diagnosis between a skeletal and a pseudo-Class III malocclusion and to describe the correction of an anterior crossbite. The association of maxillary expansion and a 2 × 4 appliance can successfully be used to correct anterior crossbites. PMID:25525526

  9. Diagnosis and Treatment of Pseudo-Class III Malocclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariel Reyes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pseudo-Class III malocclusion is characterized by the presence of an anterior crossbite due to a forward functional displacement of the mandible; in most cases, the maxillary incisors present some degree of retroclination, and the mandibular incisors are proclined. Various types of appliances have been described in the literature for the early treatment of pseudo-Class III malocclusion. The objectives of this paper are to demonstrate the importance of making the differential diagnosis between a skeletal and a pseudo-Class III malocclusion and to describe the correction of an anterior crossbite. The association of maxillary expansion and a 2 × 4 appliance can successfully be used to correct anterior crossbites.

  10. Occlusal rehabilitation of pseudo-class III patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardoso, Antônio Carlos; Ferreira, Cimara Fortes; Oderich, Elisa; Pedroso, Moira Leão; Wicks, Russell

    2015-01-01

    To treat a patient with anterior crossbite, the clinician should first assess if it is a genuine class III or a pseudo-class III malocclusion. Cephalometric analysis is important; however, registering a patient's centric relation (CR) is simple, quick, and costless and can play a decisive role in a differential diagnosis for this type of patient profile. This clinical report depicts a patient clinically diagnosed as class III. After mandible manipulation in CR, it was noted that the patient in question was a pseudo-class III. The treatment was based on the pseudo-class III diagnosis. Therefore, the patient was rehabilitated by occlusal adjustments and conventional and implant-supported prostheses and without the need for invasive orthognathic surgery. © 2014 by the American College of Prosthodontists.

  11. Pseudo-Glassification Material for G-Demption

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casella, Andrew M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Buck, Edgar C. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Gates, Robert O. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Riley, Brian J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2014-09-01

    G-Demption, LLC has requested that PPNL provide design input for a “pseudo-glassification” process associated with their proposed technology for generating gamma irradiation stations from used nuclear fuel. The irradiation design currently consists of an aluminum enclosure designed to allow for proper encapsulation of and heat flow from a used fuel rod while minimally impacting the streaming of gamma rays from the fuel. In order to make their design more robust, G-Demption is investigating the benefits of backfilling this aluminum enclosure with a setting material once the used fuel rod is properly placed. This process has been initially referred to as “pseudo-glassification”, and strives not to impact heat transport or gamma streaming from the used fuel rod while providing increased fuel rod protection and fission gas retention. PNNL has compiled an internal material evaluation and discussion for the “pseudo-glassification” process in this report.

  12. Pseudo-periodic maps and degeneration of Riemann surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Matsumoto, Yukio

    2011-01-01

    The first part of the book studies pseudo-periodic maps of a closed surface of genus greater than or equal to two. This class of homeomorphisms was originally introduced by J. Nielsen in 1944 as an extension of periodic maps. In this book, the conjugacy classes of the (chiral) pseudo-periodic mapping classes are completely classified, and Nielsen’s incomplete classification is corrected. The second part applies the results of the first part to the topology of degeneration of Riemann surfaces. It is shown that the set of topological types of all the singular fibers appearing in one-parameter holomorphic families of Riemann surfaces is in a bijective correspondence with the set of conjugacy classes of the pseudo-periodic maps of negative twists. The correspondence is given by the topological monodromy.

  13. Constructing and drawing regular planar split networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spillner, Andreas; Nguyen, Binh T; Moulton, Vincent

    2012-01-01

    Split networks are commonly used to visualize collections of bipartitions, also called splits, of a finite set. Such collections arise, for example, in evolutionary studies. Split networks can be viewed as a generalization of phylogenetic trees and may be generated using the SplitsTree package. Recently, the NeighborNet method for generating split networks has become rather popular, in part because it is guaranteed to always generate a circular split system, which can always be displayed by a planar split network. Even so, labels must be placed on the “outside” of the network, which might be problematic in some applications. To help circumvent this problem, it can be helpful to consider so-called flat split systems, which can be displayed by planar split networks where labels are allowed on the inside of the network too. Here, we present a new algorithm that is guaranteed to compute a minimal planar split network displaying a flat split system in polynomial time, provided the split system is given in a certain format. We will also briefly discuss two heuristics that could be useful for analyzing phylogeographic data and that allow the computation of flat split systems in this format in polynomial time.

  14. From the Planar Limit to M Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azeyanagi, Tatsuo; Fujita, Mitsutoshi; Hanada, Masanori

    2013-03-01

    The large-N limit of gauge theories has been playing a crucial role in theoretical physics over the decades. Despite its importance, little is known outside the planar limit where the ’t Hooft couplingλ=gYM2N is fixed. In this Letter we consider more general large-N limit—λ grows with N, e.g., gYM2 is fixed. Such a limit is important particularly in recent attempts to find the nonpertubative formulation of M theory. Based on various supporting evidence, we propose this limit is essentially identical to the planar limit, in the sense the order of the large-N limit and the strong coupling limit commute. For a wide class of large-N gauge theories, these two limits are smoothly connected, and the analytic continuation from the planar limit is justified. As simple examples, we reproduce a few properties of the six-dimensional N=(2,0) theory on S1 from the five-dimensional maximal super Yang-Mills theory, supporting the recent conjecture by Douglas and Lambert et al. that these two theories are identical.

  15. Projectivity of planar zeros in field and string theory amplitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, Diego Medrano; Vera, Agustín Sabio; Vázquez-Mozo, Miguel Á.

    2017-05-01

    We study the projective properties of planar zeros of tree-level scattering amplitudes in various theories. Whereas for pure scalar field theories we find that the planar zeros of the five-point amplitude do not enjoy projective invariance, coupling scalars to gauge fields gives rise to tree-level amplitudes whose planar zeros are determined by homogeneous polynomials in the stereographic coordinates labelling the direction of flight of the outgoing particles. In the case of pure gauge theories, this projective structure is generically destroyed if string corrections are taken into account. Scattering amplitudes of two scalars with graviton emission vanish exactly in the planar limit, whereas planar graviton amplitudes are zero for helicity violating configurations. These results are corrected by string effects, computed using the single-valued projection, which render the planar amplitude nonzero. Finally, we discuss how the structure of planar zeros can be derived from the soft limit behavior of the scattering amplitudes.

  16. Optimal Base Encodings for Pseudo-Boolean Constraints

    CERN Document Server

    Codish, Michael; Fuhs, Carsten; Schneider-Kamp, Peter

    2010-01-01

    This paper formalizes the "optimal base problem", presents an algorithm to solve it, and describes its application to the encoding of Pseudo-Boolean constraints to SAT. We demonstrate the impact of integrating our algorithm within the Pseudo-Boolean constraint solver MiniSAT+. Experimentation indicates that our algorithm scales to consider bases involving numbers up to 1,000,000, improving on the restriction in MiniSAT+ to prime numbers up to 17. We show that, while for many examples primes up to 17 do suffice, encoding with respect to arbitrary bases improves the subsequent SAT solving time considerably.

  17. Intestinal pseudo-obstruction: An important diagnostic challenge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Salvador-Coloma

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available We present the case of a 72-year-old patient admitted on various occasions with symptoms of intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Extensive diagnostic tests eventually found that the patient had small-cell lung cancer associated with high anti-HU antibody titres, which pointed to a probable paraneoplastic intestinal obstruction syndrome associated with small-cell lung cancer. A paraneoplastic syndrome causing abnormal changes in gastrointestinal motility can be the first signs of small cell lung cancer. These syndromes improve with treatment of the underlying disease, as seen in our patient, who stopped having episodes of intestinal pseudo-obstruction after administration of chemotherapy.

  18. Enhancing pseudo-telepathy in the magic square game.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukasz Pawela

    Full Text Available We study the possibility of reversing an action of a quantum channel. Our principal objective is to find a specific channel that reverses as accurately as possible an action of a given quantum channel. To achieve this goal we use semidefinite programming. We show the benefits of our method using the quantum pseudo-telepathy Magic Square game with noise. Our strategy is to move the pseudo-telepathy region to higher noise values. We show that it is possible to reverse the action of a noise channel using semidefinite programming.

  19. Enhancing pseudo-telepathy in the magic square game.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawela, Lukasz; Gawron, Piotr; Puchała, Zbigniew; Sładkowski, Jan

    2013-01-01

    We study the possibility of reversing an action of a quantum channel. Our principal objective is to find a specific channel that reverses as accurately as possible an action of a given quantum channel. To achieve this goal we use semidefinite programming. We show the benefits of our method using the quantum pseudo-telepathy Magic Square game with noise. Our strategy is to move the pseudo-telepathy region to higher noise values. We show that it is possible to reverse the action of a noise channel using semidefinite programming.

  20. Signed Distance Computation using the Angle Weighted Pseudo-normal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bærentzen, Jakob Andreas; Aanæs, Henrik

    2005-01-01

    , the surface is not \\$C\\^1\\$ continuous, hence, the normal is undefined at these loci. In this paper, we undertake to show that the angle weighted pseudo-normal (originally proposed by Thürmer and Wüthrich and independently by Sequin) has the important property that it allows us to discriminate between points...... of the distance computation. Moreover, it provides an additional argument in favour of the angle weighted pseudo-normals being the natural extension of the face normals. Apart from the theoretical results, we also propose a simple and efficient algorithm for computing the signed distance to a closed \\$C\\^0\\$ mesh...

  1. True versus Pseudo-Intestinal Malrotation: Case Series and Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khara, Harshit S; Kothari, Shivangi T; Gruss, Claudia B; Langnas, Alan; Schafer, Daniel F; McCashland, Timothy M

    2013-10-01

    Intestinal malrotation is an anomaly of fetal intestinal rotation that can present with symptoms after birth or in early childhood, but is rarely diagnosed in adults. Patients who have symptomatic presentations require surgery. Other entities may mimic intestinal malrotation and respond to non-surgical management. We present 2 adult cases with the radiological diagnosis of intestinal malrotation: one with true malrotation presenting as a duodenal mass, and another with "pseudo-malrotation" due to altered anatomy. These cases illustrate the importance of recognizing and differentiating these rare adult presentations of true malrotation from "pseudo-malrotation" in regards to their acute management.

  2. "Divine water" in the alchemical writings of pseudo-Democritus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martelli, Matteo

    2009-03-01

    The name of the chemical solution (divine water) or (sulfur water) is characterised by semantic ambiguity: the term theion means both "divine" and "sulfur," and Greek alchemists frequently play on this polysemy. This article analyses the use of this and similar expressions in the writings of pseudo-Democritus from both a technical and a philological point of view. A fragment preserved by the alchemists Moses and Synesius shows that pseudo-Democritus knows two different kinds of this "water," the second of which recalls a recipe found in the chemical Leiden Papyrus, and that the composition of the substance determines the form of its name.

  3. Perturbation of sectorial projections of elliptic pseudo-differential operators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Booss-Bavnbek, Bernhelm; Chen, Guoyuan; Lesch, Matthias

    2012-01-01

    Over a closed manifold, we consider the sectorial projection of an elliptic pseudo-differential operator A of positive order with two rays of minimal growth. We showthat it depends continuously on A when the space of pseudo-differential operators is equipped with a certain topology whichwe...... explicitly describe. Our main application deals with a continuous curve of arbitrary first order linear elliptic differential operators over a compact manifold with boundary. Under the additional assumption of the weak inner unique continuation property, we derive the continuity of a related curve...

  4. Study of pseudo soldering based on eddy current pulsed thermography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiuyun; Xue, Yun; Chen, Yaqiu; Lu, Xiaochuan; Liu, Zhen

    2017-09-01

    Pseudo soldering defects can break the electrical and mechanical connection between components and the print circuit board and eventually cause failure of the whole electronic equipment. In this letter, the eddy current pulsed thermography (ECPT) method was used for defect inspection of small-sized solder joints. The identification of defects of solder joints is based on the heat transfer between various component structures. The experimental results indicated that the ECPT method can be effectively used for defect detection and location of the solder joints. In addition, it can distinguish different degrees of pseudo soldering.

  5. Fermionic coherent states for pseudo-Hermitian two-level systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cherbal, O [Physical Faculty, Theoretical Physics Lab, USTHB, BP 32 El-Alia, Bab Ezzouar, 16111 Algiers (Algeria); Drir, M [Physical Faculty, Theoretical Physics Lab, USTHB, BP 32 El-Alia, Bab Ezzouar, 16111 Algiers (Algeria); Maamache, M [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique et Systemes Dynamiques, Department of Physics, Setif University, Setif 19000 (Algeria); Trifonov, D A [Institute of Nuclear Research, 72 Tzarigradsko Chaussee, 1784 Sofia (Bulgaria)

    2007-02-23

    We introduce creation and annihilation operators of pseudo-Hermitian fermions for two-level systems described by a pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonian with real eigenvalues. This allows the generalization of the fermionic coherent states approach to such systems. Pseudo-fermionic coherent states are constructed as eigenstates of two pseudo-fermion annihilation operators. These coherent states form a bi-normal and bi-overcomplete system, and their evolution governed by the pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonian is temporally stable. In terms of the introduced pseudo-fermion operators, the two-level system Hamiltonian takes a factorized form similar to that of a harmonic oscillator.

  6. Pseudo-observations for competing risks with covariate dependent censoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Binder, Nadine; Gerds, Thomas A; Andersen, Per Kragh

    2014-01-01

    that the probability of not being lost to follow-up (un-censored) is independent of the covariates. Modified pseudo-values are proposed which rely on a correctly specified regression model for the censoring times. Bias and efficiency of these methods are compared in a simulation study. Further illustration...

  7. Probing pseudo-Dirac neutrino through detection of neutrino ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The expected secondary muons from such neutrinos that can be detected by a kilometer scale detector such as ICECUBE is calculated and compared with the same in the case of mass-flavour oscillations and for no oscillation cases. The calculated muon yields indicate that to probe such small pseudo-Dirac splittings one ...

  8. Probing pseudo-Dirac neutrino through detection of neutrino ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ~EeV for such neutrinos invoke the likelihood to probe very small pseudo-Dirac splittings. The expected secondary muons from such neutrinos that can be detected by a kilometer scale detector such as ICECUBE is calculated and compared with the same in the case of mass-flavour oscillations and for no oscillation cases.

  9. Production of bioethanol using agricultural waste: banana pseudo stem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Snehal Ingale

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available India is amongst the largest banana (Musa acuminata producing countries and thus banana pseudo stem is commonly available agricultural waste to be used as lignocellulosic substrate. Present study focuses on exploitation of banana pseudo stem as a source for bioethanol production from the sugars released due to different chemical and biological pretreatments. Two fungal strains Aspergillus ellipticus and Aspergillus fumigatus reported to be producing cellulolytic enzymes on sugarcane bagasse were used under co-culture fermentation on banana pseudo stem to degrade holocellulose and facilitate maximum release of reducing sugars. The hydrolysate obtained after alkali and microbial treatments was fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae NCIM 3570 to produce ethanol. Fermentation of cellulosic hydrolysate (4.1 g% gave maximum ethanol (17.1 g/L with yield (84% and productivity (0.024 g%/h after 72 h. Some critical aspects of fungal pretreatment for saccharification of cellulosic substrate using A. ellipticus and A. fumigatus for ethanol production by S. cerevisiae NCIM 3570 have been explored in this study. It was observed that pretreated banana pseudo stem can be economically utilized as a cheaper substrate for ethanol production.

  10. Over het specifieke- en pseudo cholinesterasegehalte bij enige ziekten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strater, Hans

    1948-01-01

    De monographie van Libbrecht,,De arteriele hypertoniën"was voor ons de aanleiding om een onderzoek te doen over het specifieke en pseudo-cholinesterase bij verschillende vormen van hypertensie, myasthenie en asthma bronchiale. ... Zie: Samenvatting

  11. Tropomyosin Ser-283 pseudo-phosphorylation slows myofibril relaxation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nixon, Benjamin R; Liu, Bin; Scellini, Beatrice; Tesi, Chiara; Piroddi, Nicoletta; Ogut, Ozgur; Solaro, R John; Ziolo, Mark T; Janssen, Paul M L; Davis, Jonathan P; Poggesi, Corrado; Biesiadecki, Brandon J

    2013-07-01

    Tropomyosin (Tm) is a central protein in the Ca(2+) regulation of striated muscle. The αTm isoform undergoes phosphorylation at serine residue 283. While the biochemical and steady-state muscle function of muscle purified Tm phosphorylation have been explored, the effects of Tm phosphorylation on the dynamic properties of muscle contraction and relaxation are unknown. To investigate the kinetic regulatory role of αTm phosphorylation we expressed and purified native N-terminal acetylated Ser-283 wild-type, S283A phosphorylation null and S283D pseudo-phosphorylation Tm mutants in insect cells. Purified Tm's regulate thin filaments similar to that reported for muscle purified Tm. Steady-state Ca(2+) binding to troponin C (TnC) in reconstituted thin filaments did not differ between the 3 Tm's, however disassociation of Ca(2+) from filaments containing pseudo-phosphorylated Tm was slowed compared to wild-type Tm. Replacement of pseudo-phosphorylated Tm into myofibrils similarly prolonged the slow phase of relaxation and decreased the rate of the fast phase without altering activation kinetics. These data demonstrate that Tm pseudo-phosphorylation slows deactivation of the thin filament and muscle force relaxation dynamics in the absence of dynamic and steady-state effects on muscle activation. This supports a role for Tm as a key protein in the regulation of muscle relaxation dynamics. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Pseudo-Riemannian geometry, [delta]-invariants and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Bang-Yen

    2011-01-01

    The first part of this book provides a self-contained and accessible introduction to the subject in the general setting of pseudo-Riemannian manifolds and their non-degenerate submanifolds, only assuming from the reader some basic knowledge about manifold

  13. Production of bioethanol using agricultural waste: banana pseudo stem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingale, Snehal; Joshi, Sanket J; Gupte, Akshaya

    2014-01-01

    India is amongst the largest banana (Musa acuminata) producing countries and thus banana pseudo stem is commonly available agricultural waste to be used as lignocellulosic substrate. Present study focuses on exploitation of banana pseudo stem as a source for bioethanol production from the sugars released due to different chemical and biological pretreatments. Two fungal strains Aspergillus ellipticus and Aspergillus fumigatus reported to be producing cellulolytic enzymes on sugarcane bagasse were used under co-culture fermentation on banana pseudo stem to degrade holocellulose and facilitate maximum release of reducing sugars. The hydrolysate obtained after alkali and microbial treatments was fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae NCIM 3570 to produce ethanol. Fermentation of cellulosic hydrolysate (4.1 g%) gave maximum ethanol (17.1 g/L) with yield (84%) and productivity (0.024 g%/h) after 72 h. Some critical aspects of fungal pretreatment for saccharification of cellulosic substrate using A. ellipticus and A. fumigatus for ethanol production by S. cerevisiae NCIM 3570 have been explored in this study. It was observed that pretreated banana pseudo stem can be economically utilized as a cheaper substrate for ethanol production.

  14. Pseudo-homophony in non-native listening

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cutler, A.; Otake, T.

    2004-01-01

    Pseudo-homophony may result when non-native listeners cannot distinguish phonemic contrasts. Thus Dutch listeners have difficulty distinguishing the vowels of English cattle versus kettle, because this contrast is subsumed by a single Dutch vowel category; in consequence, both words may be activated

  15. Empirical pseudo-potential studies on electronic structure of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Wintec

    and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) as a function of shape and size of the quantum dots. Our studies explain the ... Keywords. Quantum dots; empirical pseudo-potential; electronic structure; HOMO–LUMO gap. 1. Introduction ...... both the finite and infinite well EMA breaks down and introduces significant ...

  16. Random matrix theory for pseudo-Hermitian systems: Cyclic blocks

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tems, and, for Hamiltonians that break parity P and time-reversal invariance T. In an attempt to understand the ... Keywords. Random matrices; circulants; quantum chaos; PT symmetry; pseudo-. Hermiticity. ... local fluctuation properties of complex quantum systems have universal properties, independent of the details of the ...

  17. Status asthmaticus with pseudo-dextrocardia, complicated by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A chest x-ray revealed pseudo-dextrocardia and air trapping (A). She did not respond to inhaled bronchodilator therapy. Intravenous hydrocortisone and magnesium sulphate were administered. The patient deteriorated and was subsequently ventilated and intravenous aminophylline initiated. After intubation and ventilation ...

  18. To avoid operating on pseudo tumoral pulmonary infarctions ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pulmonary infarction usually appears as a hump-shaped triangular opacity with its base applied to a pleural surface. In some cases, pulmonary infarctions may appear as a pseudo tumoral opacity mimicking lung cancer. Thoracotomy could be prevented by repeating CT scan in properly selected patients. Pan African ...

  19. Contextuality in multipartite pseudo-telepathy graph games

    OpenAIRE

    Anshu, Anurag; Hoyer, Peter; Mhalla, Mehdi; Perdrix, Simon

    2016-01-01

    Analyzing pseudo-telepathy graph games, we propose a way to build contextuality scenarios exhibiting the quantum supremacy using graph states. We consider the combinatorial structures that generate equivalent scenarios. We introduce a new tool called multipartiteness width to investigate which scenarios are harder to decompose and show that there exist graphs generating scenarios with a linear multipartiteness width.

  20. Pseudo-nitzschia blooms and physical oceanography off ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    During three surveys conducted in early summer 1996, 1997 and 1998, high concentrations of. Pseudo-nitzschia spp. (values of up to 106 cells.l-1, but generally <105 cells.l-1) were present. P. pungens was dominant in 1996, whereas P. pseudodelicatissima was most abundant in 1997 and 1998. A. catenella was rare and ...

  1. A pseudo Lindley distribution and its application | Zeghdoudi | Afrika ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this paper, we introduce a new distribution named as the Pseudo Lindley Distribution (PsLD) as a generalization of the Lindley distribution (LD). A full and detailed description are provided in terms of moments, cumulates, characteristic function, failure, rate function, stochastic ordering, distributions of sums, and ...

  2. Mann iteration with errors for strictly pseudo-contractive mappings ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is well known that any fixed point of a Lipschitzian strictly pseudo-contractive self mapping of a nonempty closed convex and bounded subset K of a Banach space X is unique [6] and may be norm approximated by an iterative procedure. In this paper, we show that Mann iteration with errors can be used to approximate the ...

  3. Random matrix theory for pseudo-Hermitian systems: Cyclic blocks

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    We discuss the relevance of random matrix theory for pseudo-Hermitian systems, and, for Hamiltonians that break parity and time-reversal invariance . In an attempt to understand the random Ising model, we present the treatment of cyclic asymmetric matrices with blocks and show that the nearest-neighbour spacing ...

  4. Optimalisasi Desain Parameter Lapangan Untuk Data Resistivitas Pseudo 3D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    . Makhrani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian yang berjudul Optimalisasi Desain Parameter Lapangan Untuk Data Resistivitas Pseudo 3D dilakukan dengan tujuan memprediksi model geologi dan mengestimasi parameter-parameter geofisika, menentukan sensitivitas dari konfigurasi Wenner-Schlumberger dan Wenner dalam mendeteksi anomali, membuat Pseudo 3D dari profil 2D serta meningkatkan kemampuan dalam memilih parameter survei  yang optimal  berdasarkan perbandingan kekuatan signal yang diharapkan dan kharakteristik dari bising (noise. Proses pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode geolistrik konfigurasi Wenner-Schlumberger dan konfigurasi Wenner. Pengolahan data geolistrik resistivitas dalam penelitian ini diawali dengan pengolahan data sintetik hasil forward modeling. Data ini dapat dijadikan sebagai data masukan pada perangkat lunak Surfer 9 untuk menggambarkan profil 2D. Seluruh hasil inversi dalam bentuk profil 2D akan digabungkan sehingga menjadi profil pseudo 3D, proses ini akan dilakukan dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak Matlab R2008a. Kedua konfigurasi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini masing-masing memiliki keunggulan dan kelemahan dalam hal sensitivitas, baik konfigurasi Wenner-Schlumberger maupun konfigurasi Wenner. Meskipun kedua konfigurasi mendeteksi anomali yang dibuat, namun konfigurasi Wenner-Schlumberger lebih menonjolkan anomali, baik pada data sintetik maupun pada hasil pengukuran. Selain itu, pembuatan pseudo 3D dari profil 2D dapat membantu dalam menginterpretasi data pada lintasan yang saling berpotongan.

  5. Prediction of survival with alternative modeling techniques using pseudo values

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. van der Ploeg (Tjeerd); F.R. Datema (Frank); R.J. Baatenburg de Jong (Robert Jan); E.W. Steyerberg (Ewout)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractBackground: The use of alternative modeling techniques for predicting patient survival is complicated by the fact that some alternative techniques cannot readily deal with censoring, which is essential for analyzing survival data. In the current study, we aimed to demonstrate that pseudo

  6. Cryptography, statistics and pseudo-randomness (Part 1)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brands, S.; Gill, R.D.

    1995-01-01

    In the classical approach to pseudo-random number generators, a generator is considered to perform well if its output sequences pass a battery of statistical tests that has become standard. In recent years, it has turned out that this approach is not satisfactory. Many generators have turned out to

  7. Twisted surfaces in the Pseudo-Galilean space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Kazan

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we construct the twisted surfaces according to the supporting plane and type of rotations in pseudo-Galilean space G13. Also, we find the Gaussian curvatures and mean curvatures of the different types of these twisted surfaces and draw some figures for these twisted surfaces.

  8. Pseudo-affinity chromatography of rumen microbial cellulase on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pseudo affinity adsorption of bioproducts on Sepharose-cibacron blue F3-GA was subjected to rumen microbial enzyme evaluation through batch binding and column chromatography of cellulase. The results showed that homogenizing method had better performance in the release of enzyme, so that the amount of enzyme ...

  9. Empirical pseudo-potential studies on electronic structure of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 31; Issue 3. Empirical pseudo-potential studies on electronic structure of semiconducting quantum dots. Anjali Kshirsagar Neelesh ... Theoretical investigations of electronic structure of quantum dots is of current interest in nanophase materials. Empirical theories such ...

  10. Pseudo-Meig's Syndrome associated with huge Uterine Leiomyoma ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Pseudo-Meigs syndrome consists of pleural effusion, ascites, and benign tumors of the ovary other than fibromas. These benign tumors include the tumors of fallopian tube or uterus, mature teratomas, struma ovarii, and ovarian leiomyomas. In a postmenopausal woman presence of complex pelvic mass, ...

  11. Pseudo-cryptanalysis of the Original Blue Midnight Wish

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Steffen

    2010-01-01

    cryptanalysis on the original version of BMW, as submitted to the SHA-3 competition in October 2008. The attacks described are (near-)collision, preimage and second preimage attacks on the BMW compression function. These attacks can also be described as pseudo-attacks on the full hash function, i.e., as attacks...

  12. Computing the Visibility Graph via Pseudo-triangulations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pocchiola, Michel; Vegter, Gert

    1995-01-01

    We show that the k free bitangents of a collection of n pairwise disjoint convex plane sets can be computed in time O(k + n log n) and O(n) working space. The algorithm uses only one advanced data structure, namely a splittable queue. We introduce (weakly) greedy pseudo-triangulations, whose

  13. Neuropathie optique compressive secondaire à une pseudo-tumeur ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Neuropathie optique compressive secondaire à une pseudo-tumeur inflammatoire. Wafa Ammari, Olfa Berriche, Olfa Berriche. Abstract. La neuropathie optique regroupe l'ensemble des lésions du nerf optique. Le diagnostic est habituellement clinique: diminution de l'acuité visuelle, altération de la vision des couleurs, ...

  14. Pseudo-obstrucción intestinal crónica Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. T. Muñoz

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available El síndrome de pseudo-obstrucción intestinal crónica se caracteriza por la presencia de cuadros clínicos recidivantes que simulan una obstrucción intestinal pero en ausencia de proceso obstructivo anatómico. Es poco frecuente pero determina una alta morbilidad. Se origina como consecuencia de una alteración de la motilidad intestinal que no puede hacer progresar su contenido debido a la afectación de su componente muscular, neurológico o de ambos. Son más frecuentes los casos secundarios a un proceso sistémico pero cada vez se describen más cuadros debidos a la afectación primaria de dichos componentes. El desarrollo de técnicas manométricas e histológicas más específicas ha permitido aclarar la patogenia de algunos de estos síndromes, entre los que se incluyen las manifestaciones paraneoplásicas y las enfermedades mitocondriales. La expresión clínica es variable y depende de la causa y de la localización y extensión de la afectación. El diagnóstico de esta entidad es habitualmente difícil lo que origina que a estos pacientes se les practiquen cirugías innecesarias, se les etiquete como enfermos psiquiátricos y el diagnóstico se realice varios años después del inicio de los síntomas. El tratamiento se dirige a mejorar los síntomas y a mantener su estado nutricional mediante medidas dietético-nutricionales, fármacos y actitudes endoscópico-quirúrgicas. La complejidad de estos enfermos aconseja su seguimiento multidisciplinar.Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO is a syndrome characterized by the presence of recurrent episodes of clinical intestinal obstruction in the absence of obstructive lesions. Although this syndrome is rare, it causes a high morbidity. It is caused by a disturbance of the intestinal motility, that results in a failure of the progression of the intestinal content. Basically, the failure of the intestinal motility is a consequence of muscular disorder, neurological disorder or both

  15. Planar elongation of soft polymeric networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Mette Krog; Hassager, Ole; Rasmussen, Henrik K.

    2010-01-01

    an appropriate choice of initial sample height, perimeter, and thickness, the planar stretch ratio will follow lambda(t) = h(t)/h(0) = exp((epsilon)overdot t), with h(t) being the height at time t and (epsilon)overdot the imposed constant strain rate. The perimeter would decrease by a few percent only, which...... difference deviated more from the classical prediction due to the dynamic structures in the material. A modified Lodge model using characteristic parameters from linear viscoelastic measurements gave very good stress predictions at all Deborah numbers used in the quasi-linear regime....

  16. Optical planar waveguide for cell counting

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeBlanc, John; Mueller, Andrew J.; Prinz, Adrian; Butte, Manish J.

    2012-01-01

    Low cost counting of cells has medical applications in screening, military medicine, disaster medicine, and rural healthcare. In this report, we present a shallow, buried, planar waveguide fabricated by potassium ion exchange in glass that enables low-cost and rapid counting of metal-tagged objects that lie in the evanescent field of the waveguide. Laser light transmitted through the waveguide was attenuated proportionately to the presence of metal-coated microstructures fabricated from photoresist. This technology enables the low-cost enumeration of cells from blood, urine, or other biofluids.

  17. Planar domain walls in black hole spacetimes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ficek, Filip; Mach, Patryk

    2018-02-01

    We investigate the behavior of low-mass, planar domain walls in the so-called ϕ4 model of the scalar field on the Schwarzschild and Kerr backgrounds. We focus on a transit of a domain wall through a black hole and solve numerically the equations of motion for a range of parameters of the domain wall and the black hole. We observe a behavior resembling an occurrence of ringing modes. Perturbations of domain walls vanish during latter evolution, suggesting their stability against a passage through the black hole. The results obtained for Kerr and Reissner-Nordström black holes are also compared.

  18. The Hamiltonian dynamics of planar magnetic confinement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Gabriel

    2017-12-01

    Inspired by a question of Colin de Verdière and Truc we study the dynamics of a classical charged particle moving in a bounded planar domain Ω under the influence of a magnetic field {B} which blows up at the boundary of the domain. We prove that under appropriate blow-up conditions the particle will never reach the boundary. As a corollary we obtain completeness of the magnetic flow. Our blow-up condition is that {B} should not be integrable along normal rays to the boundary, while its tangential derivative should be integrable along those same rays.

  19. Planar Silicon Optical Waveguide Light Modulators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leistiko, Otto; Bak, H.

    1994-01-01

    The results of an experimental investigation of a new type of optical waveguide based on planar technology in which the liglht guiding and modulation are achieved by exploiting free carrier effects in silicon are presented. Light is guided between the n+ substrate and two p+ regions, which also...... that values in the nanosecond region should be possible, however, the measured values are high, 20 microseconds, due to the large area of the injector junctions, 1× 10¿2 cm2, and the limitations imposed by the detection circuit. The modulating properties of these devices are impressive, measurements...

  20. Theoretical analysis of planar pulse microwiggler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qing-Xiang Liu [Institute of Applied Electronics, Sichuan (China)]|[Southwest Jiaotong Univ., Sichuan (China); Yong Xu [Southwest Jiatong Univ., Sichuan (China)

    1995-12-31

    The Magnetic field distributions of a planar pulse microwiggler are studied analytically and numerically. Exact solutions of two-dimensional magnetic fields are derived, which show that along the electron axis the fields have a variation close enough to a sine wave. We also investigate wiggler field errors due to machining tolerance and effects of the field errors on trajectories of electron with the help numerical simulations. The results are critical for successful operation of CAEP compact free-electron laser experiment under preparation.

  1. Broadband Planar 5:1 Impedence Transformer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehsan, Negar; Hsieh, Wen-Ting; Moseley, Samuel H.; Wollack, Edward J.

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a broadband Guanella-type planar impedance transformer that transforms so 50 omega to 10 omega with a 10 dB bandwidth of 1-14GHz. The transformer is designed on a flexible 50 micrometer thick polyimide substrate in microstrip and parallel-plate transmission line topologies, and is Inspired by the traditional 4:1 Guanella transformer. Back-to-back transformers were designed and fabricated for characterization in a 50 omega system. Simulated and measured results are in excellent agreement.

  2. Planar Hall Effect Sensors for Biodetection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rizzi, Giovanni

    as labels and planar Hall effect bridge (PHEB) magnetic field sensor as readout for the beads. The choice of magnetic beads as label is motivated by the lack of virtually any magnetic background from biological samples. Moreover, magnetic beads can be manipulated via an external magnetic field...... system capable of generating both temperature and concentration gradients over the sensor surface. The temperature and buffer concentration can be varied in order to perform denaturation analysis of the DNA hybrids. In this thesis, this kind assay is tested with temperature varying from 20ºC to 70º...

  3. Dynamic planar embeddings of dynamic graphs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jacob; Rotenberg, Eva

    2017-01-01

    We present an algorithm to support the dynamic embedding in the plane of a dynamic graph. An edge can be inserted across a face between two vertices on the face boundary (we call such a vertex pair linkable), and edges can be deleted. The planar embedding can also be changed locally by flipping...... query, one-flip- linkable(u,v) providing a suggestion for a flip that will make them linkable if one exists. We support all updates and queries in O(log 2 n) time. Our time bounds match those of Italiano et al. for a static (flipless) embedding of a dynamic graph. Our new algorithm is simpler...

  4. Dynamic planar embeddings of dynamic graphs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jacob; Rotenberg, Eva

    2015-01-01

    We present an algorithm to support the dynamic embedding in the plane of a dynamic graph. An edge can be inserted across a face between two vertices on the boundary (we call such a vertex pair linkable), and edges can be deleted. The planar embedding can also be changed locally by flipping......-flip-linkable(u, v) providing a suggestion for a flip that will make them linkable if one exists. We will support all updates and queries in O(log2 n) time. Our time bounds match those of Italiano et al. for a static (flipless) embedding of a dynamic graph. Our new algorithm is simpler, exploiting...

  5. Preparation and characterization of planar deuterium cryotargets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Haile; Li, Jun; Tang, Yongjian; Liu, Yuanqiong

    2009-03-01

    Using a planar-cryotarget system with the cooling power provided by a Gifford-McMahon cryocooler, the deuterium vapor is condensed to form liquid in a cylinder target cell. The liquefaction processes of deuterium are examined by the Mach-Zehnder interference and infrared spectra. The infrared-absorption spectra of deuterium show a strong absorption peak around 3040 nm at 19 K. The thickness distribution of the condensed deuterium in the target cell is determined from Mach-Zehnder interference images by developing a new mathematical treatment method in combination with the digital-image processing technique.

  6. Exact formation of hairy planar black holes

    OpenAIRE

    Fan, Zhong-Ying; Chen, Bin

    2015-01-01

    We consider Einstein gravity minimally coupled to a scalar field with a given potential in general dimensions. We obtain large classes of static hairy planar black holes which are asymptotic to AdS space-times. In particular, for a special case $\\mu=(n-2)/2$, we obtain new classes of exact dynamical solutions describing black holes formation. We find there are two classes of collapse solutions. The first class solutions describe the evolution start from AdS space-time with a naked singularity...

  7. Optimal External-Memory Planar Point Enclosure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arge, Lars; Samoladas, Vasilis; Yi, Ke

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we study the external memory planar point enclosure problem: Given N axis-parallel rectangles in the plane, construct a data structure on disk (an index) such that all K rectangles containing a query point can be reported I/O-efficiently. This problem has important applications in e...... term O(K/B) is desired. To show this we prove a general lower bound on the tradeoff between the size of the data structure and its query cost. We also develop a family of structures with matching space and query bounds....

  8. Stress-induced phase transformation and pseudo-elastic/pseudo-plastic recovery in intermetallic Ni-Al nanowires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutrakar, Vijay Kumar; Mahapatra, D Roy

    2009-07-22

    Extensive molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been performed in a B2-NiAl nanowire using an embedded atom method (EAM) potential. We show a stress induced [Formula: see text]-centered-tetragonal (BCT) phase transformation and a novel temperature and cross-section dependent pseudo-elastic/pseudo-plastic recovery from such an unstable BCT phase with a recoverable strain of approximately 30% as compared to 5-8% in polycrystalline materials. Such a temperature and cross-section dependent pseudo-elastic/pseudo-plastic strain recovery can be useful in various interesting applications of shape memory and strain sensing in nanoscale devices. Effects of size, temperature, and strain rate on the structural and mechanical properties have also been analyzed in detail. For a given size of the nanowire the yield stress of both the B2 and the BCT phases is found to decrease with increasing temperature, whereas for a given temperature and strain rate the yield stress of both the B2 and the BCT phase is found to increase with increase in the cross-sectional dimensions of the nanowire. A constant elastic modulus of approximately 80 GPa of the B2 phase is observed in the temperature range of 200-500 K for nanowires of cross-sectional dimensions in the range of 17.22-28.712 A, whereas the elastic modulus of the BCT phase shows a decreasing trend with an increase in the temperature.

  9. Analysis and design of planar and non-planar wings for induced drag minimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortara, Karl W.; Straussfogel, Dennis M.; Maughmer, Mark D.

    1992-01-01

    The goal of the work reported herein is to develop and validate computational tools to be used for the design of planar and non-planar wing geometries for minimum induced drag. Because of the iterative nature of the design problem, it is important that, in addition to being sufficiently accurate for the problem at hand, these tools need to be reasonably fast and computationally efficient. Toward this end, a method of predicting induced drag in the presence of a free wake has been coupled with a panel method. The induced drag prediction technique is based on the application of the Kutta-Joukowski law at the trailing edge. Until now, the use of this method has not been fully explored and pressure integration and Trefftz-plane calculations favored. As is shown in this report, however, the Kutta-Joukowski method is able to give better results for a given amount of effort than the more commonly used techniques, particularly when relaxed wakes and non-planar wing geometries are considered. Using these methods, it is demonstrated that a reduction in induced drag can be achieved through non-planar wing geometries. It remains to determine what overall drag reductions are possible when the induced drag reduction is traded-off against increased wetted area. With the design methodology that is described herein, such trade studies can be performed in which the non-linear effects of the free wake are taken into account.

  10. Stress reduction in planar waveguide using polymer top layer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Neha; Sharma, V. K.; Tripathi, K. N.

    2008-07-01

    Planar optical waveguides consisting of layers from different materials created at elevated temperatures usually exhibit substantial stresses. By controlling the layer thickness of polymeric top layer on planar waveguide structures, it is possible to use very thin layers for stress compensation, significantly reducing required deposition times. It is possible to reduce birefringence within planar device by controlling top polymer layer thickness with thermal expansion coefficient greater than silica or PMMA.

  11. An algorithm of graph planarity testing and cross minimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitalie Cotelea

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an overview on one compartment from the graph theory, called graph planarity testing. It covers the fundamental concepts and important work in this area. Also a new approach is presented, which tests if a graph is planar in linear time O(n and it can be used to determine the minimum crosses in a graph if it isn't planar.

  12. Some remarks on non-planar Feynman diagrams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bielas, Krzysztof; Dubovyk, Ievgen; Gluza, Janusz [Silesia Univ., Katowice (Poland). Inst. of Physics; Riemann, Tord [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany)

    2013-12-15

    Two criteria for planarity of a Feynman diagram upon its propagators (momentum ows) are presented. Instructive Mathematica programs that solve the problem and examples are provided. A simple geometric argument is used to show that while one can planarize non-planar graphs by embedding them on higher-genus surfaces (in the example it is a torus), there is still a problem with defining appropriate dual variables since the corresponding faces of the graph are absorbed by torus generators.

  13. Pseudo sidescan images from backscatter amplitude data of the Hydrosweep multibean sonar system

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kodagali, V.N.; Hagen, R.; Schenke, H.W.

    Using the rms (root mean square) backscatter amplitude values, a procedure was evolved to generate pseudo sidescan images. A comparison of the pseudo sidescan image with actual Hydrosweep sidescan image, from an area covering a pear shaped seamount...

  14. Regression analysis of restricted mean survival time based on pseudo-observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Per Kragh; Hansen, Mette Gerster; Klein, John P.

    censoring; hazard function; health economics; regression model; survival analysis; mean survival time; restricted mean survival time; pseudo-observations......censoring; hazard function; health economics; regression model; survival analysis; mean survival time; restricted mean survival time; pseudo-observations...

  15. Regression Analysis of Restricted Mean Survival Time Based on Pseudo-Observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Per Kragh; Hansen, Mette Gerster; Klein, John P.

    2004-01-01

    censoring; hazard function; health economics; mean survival time; pseudo-observations; regression model; restricted mean survival time; survival analysis......censoring; hazard function; health economics; mean survival time; pseudo-observations; regression model; restricted mean survival time; survival analysis...

  16. INEXTENSIBLE FLOWS OF CURVES IN THE EQUIFORM GEOMETRY OF THE PSEUDO-GALILEAN SPACE G13

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HANDAN OZTEKIN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we study inextensible ows of curves in 3-dimensional pseudo- Galilean space. We give necessary and sucient conditions for inextensible ows of curves according to equiform geometry in pseudo-Galilean space.

  17. Generalised linear models for correlated pseudo-observations, with applications to multi-state models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Per Kragh; Klein, John P.; Rosthøj, Susanne

    2003-01-01

    Generalised estimating equation; Generalised linear model; Jackknife pseudo-value; Logistic regression; Markov Model; Multi-state model......Generalised estimating equation; Generalised linear model; Jackknife pseudo-value; Logistic regression; Markov Model; Multi-state model...

  18. Optical magnetism in planar metamaterial heterostructures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadakis, Georgia T; Fleischman, Dagny; Davoyan, Artur; Yeh, Pochi; Atwater, Harry A

    2018-01-18

    Harnessing artificial optical magnetism has previously required complex two- and three-dimensional structures, such as nanoparticle arrays and split-ring metamaterials. By contrast, planar structures, and in particular dielectric/metal multilayer metamaterials, have been generally considered non-magnetic. Although the hyperbolic and plasmonic properties of these systems have been extensively investigated, their assumed non-magnetic response limits their performance to transverse magnetic (TM) polarization. We propose and experimentally validate a mechanism for artificial magnetism in planar multilayer metamaterials. We also demonstrate that the magnetic properties of high-index dielectric/metal hyperbolic metamaterials can be anisotropic, leading to magnetic hyperbolic dispersion in certain frequency regimes. We show that such systems can support transverse electric polarized interface-bound waves, analogous to their TM counterparts, surface plasmon polaritons. Our results open a route for tailoring optical artificial magnetism in lithography-free layered systems and enable us to generalize the plasmonic and hyperbolic properties to encompass both linear polarizations.

  19. Fungal melanins differ in planar stacking distances.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Casadevall

    Full Text Available Melanins are notoriously difficult to study because they are amorphous, insoluble and often associated with other biological materials. Consequently, there is a dearth of structural techniques to study this enigmatic pigment. Current models of melanin structure envision the stacking of planar structures. X ray diffraction has historically been used to deduce stacking parameters. In this study we used X ray diffraction to analyze melanins derived from Cryptococcus neoformans, Aspergillus niger, Wangiella dermatitides and Coprinus comatus. Analysis of melanin in melanized C. neoformans encapsulated cells was precluded by the fortuitous finding that the capsular polysaccharide had a diffraction spectrum that was similar to that of isolated melanin. The capsular polysaccharide spectrum was dominated by a broad non-Bragg feature consistent with origin from a repeating structural motif that may arise from inter-molecular interactions and/or possibly gel organization. Hence, we isolated melanin from each fungal species and compared diffraction parameters. The results show that the inferred stacking distances of fungal melanins differ from that reported for synthetic melanin and neuromelanin, occupying intermediate position between these other melanins. These results suggest that all melanins have a fundamental diffracting unit composed of planar graphitic assemblies that can differ in stacking distance. The stacking peak appears to be a distinguishing universal feature of melanins that may be of use in characterizing these enigmatic pigments.

  20. Fungal melanins differ in planar stacking distances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casadevall, Arturo; Nakouzi, Antonio; Crippa, Pier R; Eisner, Melvin

    2012-01-01

    Melanins are notoriously difficult to study because they are amorphous, insoluble and often associated with other biological materials. Consequently, there is a dearth of structural techniques to study this enigmatic pigment. Current models of melanin structure envision the stacking of planar structures. X ray diffraction has historically been used to deduce stacking parameters. In this study we used X ray diffraction to analyze melanins derived from Cryptococcus neoformans, Aspergillus niger, Wangiella dermatitides and Coprinus comatus. Analysis of melanin in melanized C. neoformans encapsulated cells was precluded by the fortuitous finding that the capsular polysaccharide had a diffraction spectrum that was similar to that of isolated melanin. The capsular polysaccharide spectrum was dominated by a broad non-Bragg feature consistent with origin from a repeating structural motif that may arise from inter-molecular interactions and/or possibly gel organization. Hence, we isolated melanin from each fungal species and compared diffraction parameters. The results show that the inferred stacking distances of fungal melanins differ from that reported for synthetic melanin and neuromelanin, occupying intermediate position between these other melanins. These results suggest that all melanins have a fundamental diffracting unit composed of planar graphitic assemblies that can differ in stacking distance. The stacking peak appears to be a distinguishing universal feature of melanins that may be of use in characterizing these enigmatic pigments.

  1. Multistability in planar liquid crystal wells

    KAUST Repository

    Luo, Chong

    2012-06-08

    A planar bistable liquid crystal device, reported in Tsakonas, is modeled within the Landau-de Gennes theory for nematic liquid crystals. This planar device consists of an array of square micrometer-sized wells. We obtain six different classes of equilibrium profiles and these profiles are classified as diagonal or rotated solutions. In the strong anchoring case, we propose a Dirichlet boundary condition that mimics the experimentally imposed tangent boundary conditions. In the weak anchoring case, we present a suitable surface energy and study the multiplicity of solutions as a function of the anchoring strength. We find that diagonal solutions exist for all values of the anchoring strength W≥0, while rotated solutions only exist for W≥W c>0, where W c is a critical anchoring strength that has been computed numerically. We propose a dynamic model for the switching mechanisms based on only dielectric effects. For sufficiently strong external electric fields, we numerically demonstrate diagonal-to-rotated and rotated-to-diagonal switching by allowing for variable anchoring strength across the domain boundary. © 2012 American Physical Society.

  2. General lossless planar coupler design algorithms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vance, Rod

    2015-08-01

    This paper reviews and extends two classes of algorithms for the design of planar couplers with any unitary transfer matrix as design goals. Such couplers find use in optical sensing for fading free interferometry, coherent optical network demodulation, and also for quantum state preparation in quantum optical experiments and technology. The two classes are (1) "atomic coupler algorithms" decomposing a unitary transfer matrix into a planar network of 2×2 couplers, and (2) "Lie theoretic algorithms" concatenating unit cell devices with variable phase delay sets that form canonical coordinates for neighborhoods in the Lie group U(N), so that the concatenations realize any transfer matrix in U(N). As well as review, this paper gives (1) a Lie theoretic proof existence proof showing that both classes of algorithms work and (2) direct proofs of the efficacy of the "atomic coupler" algorithms. The Lie theoretic proof strengthens former results. 5×5 couplers designed by both methods are compared by Monte Carlo analysis, which would seem to imply atomic rather than Lie theoretic methods yield designs more resilient to manufacturing imperfections.

  3. Simple method for any planar wiggler field simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. N. Smolyakov

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with a nonstandard method for calculating the magnetic field of planar wigglers and undulators consisting of pure permanent magnets. This method of calculation is based on certain properties of the Fourier transform. It allows the analytical expression of the Fourier transform for the planar magnetic fields through the wiggler's geometry and magnetization of its blocks. The upper theoretical limit for the amplitude of the magnetic field is derived and matched with the field amplitude of planar wigglers with standard designs. The property of universality for planar wigglers is also taken into consideration as it may greatly simplify the analysis of magnetic fields for wigglers with different designs.

  4. A novel pseudo-complementary PNA G-C base pair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Anne G.; Dahl, Otto; Petersen, Asger Bjørn

    2011-01-01

    Pseudo-complementary oligonucleotide analogues and mimics provide novel opportunities for targeting duplex structures in RNA and DNA. Previously, a pseudo-complementary A-T base pair has been introduced. Towards sequence unrestricted targeting, a pseudo-complementary G-C base pair consisting...... of the unnatural nucleobases n6-methoxy-2,6-diaminopurine (previously described in a DNA context) and N4-benzoylcytosine is now presented for design of pseudo-complementary PNA oligomers (pcPNAs)....

  5. Stagewise pseudo-value regression for time-varying effects on the cumulative incidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zöller, Daniela; Schmidtmann, Irene; Weinmann, Arndt

    2016-01-01

    using a pseudo-value approach. For a grid of time points, the possibly unobserved binary event status is replaced by a jackknife pseudo-value based on the Aalen-Johansen method. We combine a stagewise regression technique with the pseudo-value approach to provide variable selection while allowing...

  6. Biharmonic Submanifolds with Parallel Mean Curvature Vector in Pseudo-Euclidean Spaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fu, Yu, E-mail: yufudufe@gmail.com [Dongbei University of Finance and Economics, School of Mathematics and Quantitative Economics (China)

    2013-12-15

    In this paper, we investigate biharmonic submanifolds in pseudo-Euclidean spaces with arbitrary index and dimension. We give a complete classification of biharmonic spacelike submanifolds with parallel mean curvature vector in pseudo-Euclidean spaces. We also determine all biharmonic Lorentzian surfaces with parallel mean curvature vector field in pseudo-Euclidean spaces.

  7. Pseudo-nitzschia pungens (Bacillariophyceae): A cosmopolitan species?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Casteleyn, G; Chepurnov, VA; Leliaert, F

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Genetic, reproductive and morphological variation were studied in 193 global strains of the marine diatom species Pseudo-nitzschia pungens (Grunow ex Cleve) Hasle to assess potential intraspecific variation and biogeographic distribution patterns. Genetic differentiation between allo- an...... Zealand) and the NE Pacific (Washington State). Clade I thus appears to be globally distributed in temperate coastal areas and provides the first strong evidence to date for the global distribution of a biologically, genetically and morphologically defined diatom species.......Abstract Genetic, reproductive and morphological variation were studied in 193 global strains of the marine diatom species Pseudo-nitzschia pungens (Grunow ex Cleve) Hasle to assess potential intraspecific variation and biogeographic distribution patterns. Genetic differentiation between allo...

  8. Chaos-based Pseudo-random Number Generation

    KAUST Repository

    Barakat, Mohamed L.

    2014-04-10

    Various methods and systems related to chaos-based pseudo-random number generation are presented. In one example, among others, a system includes a pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) to generate a series of digital outputs and a nonlinear post processing circuit to perform an exclusive OR (XOR) operation on a first portion of a current digital output of the PRNG and a permutated version of a corresponding first portion of a previous post processed output to generate a corresponding first portion of a current post processed output. In another example, a method includes receiving at least a first portion of a current output from a PRNG and performing an XOR operation on the first portion of the current PRNG output with a permutated version of a corresponding first portion of a previous post processed output to generate a corresponding first portion of a current post processed output.

  9. International conference Fourier Analysis and Pseudo-Differential Operators

    CERN Document Server

    Turunen, Ville; Fourier Analysis : Pseudo-differential Operators, Time-Frequency Analysis and Partial Differential Equations

    2014-01-01

    This book is devoted to the broad field of Fourier analysis and its applications to several areas of mathematics, including problems in the theory of pseudo-differential operators, partial differential equations, and time-frequency analysis. This collection of 20 refereed articles is based on selected talks given at the international conference “Fourier Analysis and Pseudo-Differential Operators,” June 25–30, 2012, at Aalto University, Finland, and presents the latest advances in the field. The conference was a satellite meeting of the 6th European Congress of Mathematics, which took place in Krakow in July 2012; it was also the 6th meeting in the series “Fourier Analysis and Partial Differential Equations.”

  10. Superconducting states in pseudo-Landau-levels of strained graphene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchoa, Bruno; Barlas, Yafis

    2013-07-26

    We describe the formation of superconducting states in graphene in the presence of pseudo-Landau-levels induced by strain, when time reversal symmetry is preserved. We show that superconductivity in strained graphene is quantum critical when the pseudo-Landau-levels are completely filled, whereas at partial fillings superconductivity survives at weak coupling. In the weak coupling limit, the critical temperature scales linearly with the coupling strength and shows a sequence of quantum critical points as a function of the filling factor that can be accessed experimentally. We argue that superconductivity can be induced by electron-phonon coupling and that the transition temperature can be controlled with the amount of strain and with the filling fraction of the Landau levels.

  11. Pseudo natural colour aerial imagery for urban and suburban mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Due to their near-infrared data channel, digital airborne four-channel imagers provide a potentially good discrimination between vegetation and human-made materials, which is very useful in automated mapping. Due to their red, green and blue data channels, they also provide natural colour images......, which are very useful in traditional (manual) mapping. In this paper, an algorithm is described which provides an approximation to the spectral capabilities of the four-channel imagers by using a colour-infrared aerial photo as input. The algorithm is tailored to urban/suburban surroundings, where...... the quality of the generated (pseudo) natural colour images are fully acceptable for manual mapping. This brings the combined availability of near-infrared and (pseudo) natural colours within reach for mapping projects based on traditional photogrammetry, which is valuable since traditional analytical cameras...

  12. Using of "pseudo-second-order model" in adsorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Yuh-Shan

    2014-01-01

    A research paper's contribution exists not only in its originality and creativity but also in its continuity and development for research that follows. However, the author easily ignores it. Citation error and quotation error occurred very frequently in a scientific paper. Numerous researchers use secondary references without knowing the original idea from authors. Sulaymon et al. (Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:3011-3023, 2013) and Spiridon et al. (Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:6367-6381, 2013) presented wrong pseudo-second-order models in Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 20. This comment pointed the errors of the kinetic models and offered information for citing original idea of pseudo-second-order kinetic expression. In order to stop the proliferation of the mistake, it is suggested to cite the original paper for the kinetic model which provided greater accuracy and more details about the kinetic expression.

  13. A pseudo-single-crystalline germanium film for flexible electronics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Higashi, H.; Yamada, S.; Kanashima, T.; Hamaya, K., E-mail: hamaya@ee.es.osaka-u.ac.jp [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Kasahara, K.; Park, J.-H.; Miyao, M. [Department of Electronics, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan); Kudo, K.; Okamoto, H.; Moto, K.; Tsunoda, I. [Kumamoto National College of Technology, 2659-2 Suya, Koshi, Kumamoto 861-1102 (Japan)

    2015-01-26

    We demonstrate large-area (∼600 μm), (111)-oriented, and high-crystallinity, i.e., pseudo-single-crystalline, germanium (Ge) films at 275 °C, where the temperature is lower than the softening temperature of a flexible substrate. A modulated gold-induced layer exchange crystallization method with an atomic-layer deposited Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} barrier and amorphous-Ge/Au multilayers is established. From the Raman measurements, we can judge that the crystallinity of the obtained Ge films is higher than those grown by aluminum-induced-crystallization methods. Even on a flexible substrate, the pseudo-single-crystalline Ge films for the circuit with thin-film transistor arrays can be achieved, leading to high-performance flexible electronics based on an inorganic-semiconductor channel.

  14. Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in a dog: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.L. Bicalho

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a rare disorder that affects gastrointestinal propulsion. It may be secondary to several pathological conditions or it may develop without a known cause. A 1.2 year-old intact Pug bitch had a history of vomiting and constipation, which were followed by diarrhea and distended abdomen. Hypomotility and dilation of the small intestine, which was filled with gas, were observed during laparotomy. Histologically, full thickness biopsy specimens demonstrated a severe loss and degeneration of leiomyocytes in the inner and outer muscular layers of the intestinal wall, whereas there was a marked hypertrophy and hyperplasia of smooth muscle cells in the lamina propria, and extremely thickened muscularis mucosae arranged in bundles oriented in different directions with marked hypertrophy and hyperplasia of leiomyocytes. Distribution of leiomyocytes was further characterized by immunohistochemistry. These findings support the diagnosis of intestinal pseudo-obstruction in a Pug, associated with degeneration and loss of leiomyocytes in the muscular layer.

  15. Nearly pseudo-Kähler manifolds and related special holonomies

    CERN Document Server

    Schäfer, Lars

    2017-01-01

    Developing and providing an overview of recent results on nearly Kähler geometry on pseudo-Riemannian manifolds, this monograph emphasizes the differences with the classical Riemannian geometry setting. The focal objects of the text are related to special holonomy and Killing spinors and have applications in high energy physics, such as supergravity and string theory. Before starting into the field, a self-contained introduction to the subject is given, aimed at students with a solid background in differential geometry. The book will therefore be accessible to masters and Ph.D. students who are beginning work on nearly Kähler geometry in pseudo-Riemannian signature, and also to non-experts interested in gaining an overview of the subject.  Moreover, a number of results and techniques are provided which will be helpful for differential geometers as well as for high energy physicists interested in the mathematical background of the geometric objects they need.

  16. Chronic primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction from visceral myopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz-Yagüe, M T; Marín, J C; Colina, F; Ibarrola, C; López-Alonso, G; Martín, M A; Solís-Herruzo, J A

    2006-04-01

    Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is an uncommon syndrome characterized by relapsing episodes suggesting intestinal obstruction during which no mechanical causes are identified to account for symptoms. Etiologic factors may be manifold. Among them a number of neurologic conditions, gastrointestinal smooth muscle myopathies, endocrino-metabolic and autoimmune diseases, and the use of selected drugs stand out. We report a case of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction originating in a sporadic, primary intestinal myopathy that corresponds to no type thus far described. A histological study of the intestinal wall showed disrupted muscle bundles and the presence of interstitial edema. Myocytes had severe degenerative changes, and no alterations were seen in submucosal and myenteric plexus neurons. The activity of enzyme complexes in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, and of thymidine phosphorylase was normal. No mitochondrial DNA changes were seen.

  17. Dynamics of a Planar Magnetron Discharge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendt, Amy Eileen

    In planar magnetron sputter deposition, metal atoms are sputtered from a source by a magnetically confined plasma. The sputtered atoms come to rest on substrates placed in the vacuum chamber, coating them with a thin metal film. The operation of the planar magnetron depends on gas pressure, voltage V, current I, magnetic field strength B and other parameters in a manner not yet completely understood. This work employs modelling and experimental techniques to investigate the physical mechanisms which govern the operation of a planar magnetron discharge. The primary investigation centers on distribution of discharge current at the cathode. The cylindrically symmetric experimental system consists of a 12-inch diameter aluminum vacuum chamber with movable 9-inch diameter copper electrodes. The DC discharge is operated in argon, and a variable magnetic field is provided by an iron core electromagnet. The radial distribution of current at the cathode has been measured with a radially staggered array of 1-mm diameter current probes embedded in the cathode plate. The distribution is peaked at the radius at which the magnetic field is tangent to the cathode, and the width of the distribution, w is a function of the discharge parameters. Energy gained in the cathode sheath by secondary electrons emitted from the cathode goes into the ionization necessary for discharge maintenance. By examining the range of motion of these electrons in the magnetic field, the location of the plasma and thus the distribution of current at the cathode can be calculated. Such a calculation was carried out for the following scenarios: (1) the sheath is thin compared to the range of the electrons and electron motion is hamiltonian, (2) the sheath is thin and electron motion is dominated by diffusion, and (3) the sheath is thick compared to the range of the electrons and electron motion is hamiltonian. Only the latter, thick sheath model, gives good agreement with experimentally observed scaling

  18. A mathematical model for a pseudo-plastic welding joint

    OpenAIRE

    Iosifescu, Oana; Juntharee, Pongpol; Licht, Christian; Michaille, Gérard

    2009-01-01

    An elementary situation in welding involves the perfect assembly of two adherents and a strong adhesive occupying a thin layer. The bulk energy density of the hyperelastic adherents grows superlinearly while that of the pseudo-plastic adhesive grows linearly with a stiffness of the order of the inverse of its thickness epsilon. We propose a simplified but accurate model by studying the asymptotic behavior, when epsilon goes to zero, through variational convergence methods: at the limit, the i...

  19. La tuberculose abdominale pseudo-tumorale | El Barni | Pan African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Même en l'absence d'antécédents de tuberculose pulmonaire, le diagnostic tuberculose abdominale pseudo-tumorale doit être évoqué surtout dans un pays d'endémie comme le notre et le recours à une laparotomie est justifié chaque fois que persiste un doute diagnostique ou en cas de complication. Pan African Medical ...

  20. Les pseudo nodules thyroidiens | Chahed | Journal Tunisien d'ORL ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'examen cytologique fait par une personne entraînée peut être contributif au diagnostic différentiel. Cependant, le diagnostic se fait souvent après cervicotomie exploratrice. Mots clés : pseudo- nodule, thyroïde, kyste hydatique, schwannome, adénome parathyroïdien, kyste du tractus thyréoglosse, chondrosarcome ...

  1. mRNA-Producing Pseudo-nucleus System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Seung Won; Park, Kyung Soo; Shin, Woo Jung; Um, Soong Ho

    2015-11-04

    A pseudo-eukaryotic nucleus (PEN) system consisting of a gene-containing DNA hydrogel encapsulated in a liposome is fabricated. Owing to the structural characteristics of gene-containing DNA hydrogel, mRNA transcription efficiency is promoted 2.57-fold. Through the use of PEN as a platform for mRNA delivery to the cytosol, prolonged protein translation is achieved. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. Regression analysis of censored data using pseudo-observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Morten; Andersen, Per K.; Parner, Erik T.

    2015-01-01

    We present updated versions of the stpsurv, stpci, and stpmean commands, which were introduced in Parner and Andersen (2010, Stata Journal 10: 408–422), along with a new command, stplost. The commands generate pseudo-observations of the survival function, the cumulative incidence function under...... commands feature new options, an increase in computational speed, and the ability to handle survival data with delayed entry....

  3. Core curriculum case illustration: blunt traumatic thoracic aortic pseudo aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramzan, Muhammad Mubashir; Fadl, Shaimaa Abdelhassib; Robinson, Jeffrey D

    2017-06-19

    Core Curriculum Illustration: [blunt thoracic aortic pseudo aneurysm]. This is the [40th] installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.aseronline.org/curriculum/toc.html.

  4. La forme pseudo tumorale de la tuberculose primitive du nasopharynx

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La tuberculose primitive du nasopharynx est rare, nous présentons deux observations révélées par un aspect pseudo tumoral et à travers lesquelles nous soulevons le problème de diagnostic différentiel avec les lésions malignes du nasopharynx. La première observation concerne un jeune patient de 22 ans hospitalisé ...

  5. Top-Mode pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone Boson Higgs model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukano, Hidenori S.

    2017-12-01

    We discuss the Top-Mode pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone Boson Higgs (TMpNGBH) model which has recently been proposed as a variant of the top quark condensate model in light of the 125 GeV Higgs boson discovered at the LHC. In this talk, we focus on the vacuum alignment and the phenomenologies of characteristic particles of the TMpNGBH model.

  6. Pseudo Knowledge Sharing: The Influence of Trust and Guanxi Orientation

    OpenAIRE

    See-Kwong Goh; Poh-Yee Nee

    2015-01-01

    Despite the fact that knowledge sharing has been deemed as a competitive advantage and business sustainability tools for organizations, however many researcher has underpinned the deleterious impact knowledge sharing can bring forth to an organization performance. To date, it is found that minimal empirical research has been devoted to the dark side of knowledge sharing activities. Thus, this present study aims to extend this aspect specifically on pseudo knowledge sharing (PKS). The present ...

  7. Discrete Pseudo-SINR-Balancing Nonlinear Recurrent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zekeriya Uykan

    2013-01-01

    system and extend the results in Uykan (2009, which are for autonomous linear systems, to nonlinear case. The proposed system can be viewed as a discrete-time realization of a recently proposed continuous-time network in Uykan (2013. In this paper, we focus on discrete-time analysis and provide various novel key results concerning the discrete-time dynamics of the proposed system, some of which are as follows: (i the proposed system is shown to be stable in synchronous and asynchronous work mode in discrete time; (ii a novel concept called Pseudo-SINR (pseudo-signal-to-interference-noise ratio is introduced for discrete-time nonlinear systems; (iii it is shown that when the system states approach an equilibrium point, the instantaneous Pseudo-SINRs are balanced; that is, they are equal to a target value. The simulation results confirm the novel results presented and show the effectiveness of the proposed discrete-time network as applied to various associative memory systems and clustering problems.

  8. Pseudo-Reference-Based Assembly of Vertebrate Transcriptomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyoungwoo Nam

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available High-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq provides a comprehensive picture of the transcriptome, including the identity, structure, quantity, and variability of expressed transcripts in cells, through the assembly of sequenced short RNA-seq reads. Although the reference-based approach guarantees the high quality of the resulting transcriptome, this approach is only applicable when the relevant reference genome is present. Here, we developed a pseudo-reference-based assembly (PRA that reconstructs a transcriptome based on a linear regression function of the optimized mapping parameters and genetic distances of the closest species. Using the linear model, we reconstructed transcriptomes of four different aves, the white leg horn, turkey, duck, and zebra finch, with the Gallus gallus genome as a pseudo-reference, and of three primates, the chimpanzee, gorilla, and macaque, with the human genome as a pseudo-reference. The resulting transcriptomes show that the PRAs outperformed the de novo approach for species with within about 10% mutation rate among orthologous transcriptomes, enough to cover distantly related species as far as chicken and duck. Taken together, we suggest that the PRA method can be used as a tool for reconstructing transcriptome maps of vertebrates whose genomes have not yet been sequenced.

  9. Recognition of Planar Objects Using Multiresolution Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşın Ertüzün

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available By using affine-invariant shape descriptors, it is possible to recognize an unknown planar object from an image taken from an arbitrary view when standard view images of candidate objects exist in a database. In a previous study, an affine-invariant function calculated from the wavelet coefficients of the object boundary has been proposed. In this work, the invariant is constructed from the multiwavelet and (multiscaling function coefficients of the boundary. Multiwavelets are known to have superior performance compared to scalar wavelets in many areas of signal processing due to their simultaneous orthogonality, symmetry, and short support properties. Going from scalar wavelets to multiwavelets is challenging due to the increased dimensionality of multiwavelets. This increased dimensionality is exploited to construct invariants with better performance when the multiwavelet “detail” coefficients are available. However, with (multiscaling function coefficients, which are more stable in the presence of noise, scalar wavelets cannot be defeated.

  10. Recognition of Planar Objects Using Multiresolution Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Güney Nazlı

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available By using affine-invariant shape descriptors, it is possible to recognize an unknown planar object from an image taken from an arbitrary view when standard view images of candidate objects exist in a database. In a previous study, an affine-invariant function calculated from the wavelet coefficients of the object boundary has been proposed. In this work, the invariant is constructed from the multiwavelet and (multiscaling function coefficients of the boundary. Multiwavelets are known to have superior performance compared to scalar wavelets in many areas of signal processing due to their simultaneous orthogonality, symmetry, and short support properties. Going from scalar wavelets to multiwavelets is challenging due to the increased dimensionality of multiwavelets. This increased dimensionality is exploited to construct invariants with better performance when the multiwavelet "detail" coefficients are available. However, with (multiscaling function coefficients, which are more stable in the presence of noise, scalar wavelets cannot be defeated.

  11. Energy landscapes of planar colloidal clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, John W. R.; Wales, David J.

    2014-08-01

    A short-ranged pairwise Morse potential is used to model colloidal clusters with planar morphologies. Potential and free energy global minima as well as rearrangement paths, obtained by basin-hopping global optimisation and discrete path sampling, are characterised. The potential and free energy landscapes are visualised using disconnectivity graphs. The short-ranged potential is found to favour close-packed structures, with the potential energy primarily controlled by the number of nearest neighbour contacts. In the case of quasi-degeneracy the free energy global minimum may differ from the potential energy global minimum. This difference is due to symmetry effects, which result in a higher entropy for structures with lower symmetry.

  12. Miniaturized Planar Split-Ring Resonator Antenna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2009-01-01

    A miniaturized planar antenna based on a broadside-coupled split ring resonator excited by an arc-shaped dipole is presented. The excitation dipole acts as a small tuning capacitor in series with a parallel RLC circuit represented by the SRR. The antenna resonance frequency and dimensions...... a essentially determined by the SRR, while by varying the dipole arm length the input resistance is changed in a wide range, thus matching the antenna to a feed line and compensating for simulation and manufacturing inaccuracies. No additional matching network is required. Theoretically, there is no limit...... on how small this antenna can be. In practice, the lower bound is set by losses in utilized materials and manufacturing inaccuracies. As an example, an antenna of ka=0.09 was designed, fabricated and tested. Although the initially fabricated antenna prototype had the input impedance of 43 ohms...

  13. Development of Osaka gas type planar SOFC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iha, M.; Shiratori, A.; Chikagawa, O. [Murata Mfg. Co., Ltd., Shiga (Japan)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    Osaka Gas Co. has been developing a planar type SOFC (OG type SOFC) which has a suitable structure for stacking. Murata Mfg. Co. has begun to develop the OG type SOFC stack through joint program since 1993. Figure 1 shows OG type cell structure. Because each cell is sustained by cell holders acting air manifold, the load of upper cell is not put on the lower cells. Single cell is composed of 3-layered membrane and LaCrO{sub 3} separator. 5 single cells are mounted on the cell holder, connected with Ni felt electrically, and bonded by glassy material sealant. We call the 5-cell stack a unit. Stacking 13 units, we succeeded 870 W generation in 1993. But the power density was low, 0.11 Wcm{sup -2} because of crack in the electrolyte and gas leakage at some cells.

  14. Poling of planar silica-based waveguides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arentoft, Jesper; Leistiko, Otto

    2000-01-01

    Planar silica-based waveguides were electrically poled at elevated temperatures and cooled with the field still applied. This procedure induced second-order nonlinear effects in the waveguides. Systematic studies of the dependence of the induced linear electro-optic effect on polilng temperature...... and the poling voltage were performed using a negative voltage on the top electrode. It was found that the optimum poling temperature is -430 C. A linear dependence of the induced linear electro-optic effect on the voltage was observed. The largest measured linear electro-optic coefficient was 0.07 pm/V. A model...... recorded with spatially resolved second-harmonic generation. Very large second-harmonic signals were obtained when poling with a positive voltage on a painted-on top electrode. Calibration of the signals to GaAs showed that the second-order nonlinear susceptibility of the poled glass corresponds to -48 pm...

  15. Planar electrostatic gradiometer for airborne geodesy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foulon, B.; Christophe, B.; Lebat, V.; Boulanger, D.

    2011-12-01

    The knowledge of the gravity field of the Earth has been considerably improved for the last decades, thanks to satellites, in particular, both for gravity measurements and positioning. Gravity, and especially gravity gradiometry data are then of great interest to the study of the structure of the continental margins. Space gravity measurements, in particular with the GOCE satellite in orbit since 2009, provide an absolute gravity reference and should contribute to estimate the systematic effects that would affect the surface datasets. But the spatial resolution of those data essentially addresses the large and medium wavelengths of the field (down to a resolution of 90km) and it is therefore essential to complete them at the shorter wavelengths in particular in the littoral area. To this aim, gravity gradiometry systems may be particularly suitable by covering the land/sea transition zone with a uniform precision, and a spatial resolution higher than from gravimetry. The GREMLIT instrument is taking advantage of technologies, formerly developed by ONERA for the GRACE and GOCE space missions, by adapting them to an airborne environment, using a planar configuration for the gradiometer and designing and building a dedicated stabilized platform controlled by the common mode outputs of the instrument itself similarly to the drag free control of the GOCE satellite. The mains interests of the planar configuration are: - its definition, optimized for levitation in the Earth's gravity field ; - its intrinsic linearity, which minimizes the aliasing due to high frequency vibrations or motions generated outside the measurement bandwidth ; - its compactness, ensuring an excellent dimensional stability, a better thermal homogeneity and making the realization of the decoupling platform easier. The performance objective is 0.1 Eötvös. This lowered performance level with respect to a one hundred times better GOCE-type instrument, takes into account the difficulty of measurements

  16. Morphing Planar Graph Drawings with a Polynomial Number of Steps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alamdari, Soroush; Angelini, Patrizio; Chan, Timothy M.

    2013-01-01

    In 1944, Cairns proved the following theorem: given any two straight-line planar drawings of a triangulation with the same outer face, there exists a morph (i.e., a continuous transformation) between the two drawings so that the drawing remains straight-line planar at all times. Cairns’s original...

  17. Column planarity and partially-simultaneous geometric embedding

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Barba, L.; Evans, W.; Hoffmann, M.; Kusters, V.; Saumell, Maria; Speckmann, B.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 21, č. 6 (2017), s. 983-1002 ISSN 1526-1719 Grant - others:GA MŠk(CZ) LO1506; GA MŠk(CZ) EE2.3.30.0038 Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : column planarity * unlabeled level planarity * simultaneous geometric embedding Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics OBOR OECD: Pure mathematics

  18. Adaptive silicone-membrane lenses: planar vs. shaped membrane

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Schneider, F

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available -section. The lens systems incorporate a piezo actuator which is operated in a regime of ±40 V. The shaped membrane lenses show lower wave front errors than the planar ones, down to 24 nm. However, the system with a planar membrane achieves a larger refractive power...

  19. Optically amplifying planar glass waveguides: Laser on a chip

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guldberg-Kjær, Søren Andreas

    The objective of this work was to devlop optically amplifying planar wavguides, using erbium-doped germano-silicate glass films deposited by PECVD (Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapour Deposition). The waveguides should exhibit enough gain to be useful as optical amplifiers in integrated planar lightw...

  20. The square of a planar cubic graph is 7-colorable

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Carsten

    2017-01-01

    We prove the conjecture made by G. Wegner in 1977 that the square of every planar, cubic graph is 7-colorable. Here, 7 cannot be replaced by 6.......We prove the conjecture made by G. Wegner in 1977 that the square of every planar, cubic graph is 7-colorable. Here, 7 cannot be replaced by 6....

  1. Reversible large amplitude planar extension of soft elastomers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Mette Krog; Skov, Anne Ladegaard; Rasmussen, Henrik K.

    The newly developed planar elongation fixture, designed as an add-on to the filament stretch rheometer, is used to measure reversible large amplitude planar elongation on soft elastomers. The concept of the new fixture is to elongate an annulus by keeping the perimeter constant. The deformation...

  2. Mobilities and dislocation energies of planar faults in an ordered ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Present work describes the stability of possible planar faults of the A3B (D019) phase with an axial ratio less than the ideal. Mobilities and dislocation energies of various planar faults viz. antiphase boundaries (APBs), superlattice intrinsic stacking faults (SISFs) and complex stacking faults (CSFs) have been computed using ...

  3. Array of planar waveguide lasers with 50 GHz frequency spacing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guldberg-Kjær, Søren Andreas; Laurent-Lund, Christian; Sckerl, Mads W.

    1999-01-01

    Waveguide laser arrays are demonstrated using planar silica-on-silicon technology. Excellent control over frequency separation is obtained with a single phase mask.......Waveguide laser arrays are demonstrated using planar silica-on-silicon technology. Excellent control over frequency separation is obtained with a single phase mask....

  4. The planar algebra of a semisimple and cosemisimple Hopf algebra

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    To a semisimple and cosemisimple Hopf algebra over an algebraically closed field, we associate a planar algebra defined by generators and relations and show that it is a connected, irreducible, spherical, non-degenerate planar algebra with non-zero modulus and of depth two. This association is shown to yield a bijection ...

  5. Exponentially many 5-list-colorings of planar graphs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Carsten

    2007-01-01

    We prove that every planar graph with n vertices has at least 2n/9 distinct list-colorings provided every vertex has at least five available colors.......We prove that every planar graph with n vertices has at least 2n/9 distinct list-colorings provided every vertex has at least five available colors....

  6. Evolution equations in generalized Stepanov-like pseudo almost automorphic spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toka Diagana

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article, first we introduce and study the concept of $mathbb{S}_{gamma}^p$-pseudo almost automorphy (or generalized Stepanov-like pseudo almost automorphy, which is more general than the notion of Stepanov-like pseudo almost automorphy due to Diagana. We next study the existence of solutions to some classes of nonautonomous differential equations of Sobolev type in $mathbb{S}_{gamma}^p$-pseudo almost automorphic spaces. To illustrate our abstract result, we will study the existence and uniqueness of a pseudo almost automorphic solution to the heat equation with a negative time-dependent diffusion coefficient.

  7. Research on pseudo-color image generation technology of the distribution of gaseous pollutants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jiao; Sheng, HuaiJie; Shao, Li; Cheng, YuBao

    2016-11-01

    In order to improve the visualization of the output data of gaseous pollutants monitoring system and study pseudo-color image generation technology, this research combines the column concentration data of polluted gas with spatial position parameter to design a grey-color conversion method based on visual pseudo-color coding, generates the pseudo-color images of column concentration of the distribution of polluted gas and evaluates the pseudo-color coding scheme designed in HSI color space. The evaluation results show that the designed coding scheme can effectively conduct pseudo-color display for the concentration section of polluted gas.

  8. Nanopatterning planar and non-planar mold surfaces for a polymer replication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cech, Jiri; Pranov, Henrik; Kofod, Guggi

    2013-01-01

    We present a novel process to create nanopatterns on planar and non-planar polymer replication tools, such as metallic molds for an injection molding. Such tools with nanopatterned cavities then allow affordable mass production of nanopatterned polymer parts with inherent advanced functionalities...... such as low reflectivity or color effects, self cleaning, superhydrofobicity, antifouling, etc, all created in a single injection molding cycle. Presented process is based on the classic cleanroom microfabrication of micro/nano patterns, nickel electroplating and template removal to form a flexible......, freestanding nickel foil with a reversed pattern. This foil is then used either as a direct master for polymer replication or as a master for an extremely high pressure embossing of such master onto a metallic injection mold cavity surface coated with special coating, which, when cured, forms robust and hard...

  9. Electromagnetic, flow and thermal study of a miniature planar spiral transformer with planar, spiral windings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. B. DUMITRU

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents mathematical modeling and numerical simulation results for a miniature, planar, spiral transformer (MPST fabricated in micro-electromechanical MEMS technology. When the MPST is magnetic nanofluid cored, magnetization body forces occur, entraining it into a complex flow. This particular MPST design is then compared with other competing solutions concerning the lumped (circuit parameters. Finally, the heat transfer problem is solved for different electromagnetic working conditions to assess the thermal loads inside the MPST.

  10. On Longest Cycles in Essentially 4-Connected Planar Graphs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrici Igor

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available A planar 3-connected graph G is essentially 4-connected if, for any 3-separator S of G, one component of the graph obtained from G by removing S is a single vertex. Jackson and Wormald proved that an essentially 4-connected planar graph on n vertices contains a cycle C such that . For a cubic essentially 4-connected planar graph G, Grünbaum with Malkevitch, and Zhang showed that G has a cycle on at least ¾ n vertices. In the present paper the result of Jackson and Wormald is improved. Moreover, new lower bounds on the length of a longest cycle of G are presented if G is an essentially 4-connected planar graph of maximum degree 4 or G is an essentially 4-connected maximal planar graph.

  11. ytterbium- & erbium-doped silica for planar waveguide lasers & amplifiers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyndgaard, Morten Glarborg

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this work was to demonstrate ytterbium doped planar components and investigate the possibilities of making erbium/ytterbium codoped planar waveguides in germano-silica glass. Furthermore, tools for modelling lasers and erbium/ytterbium doped amplifiers. The planar waveguides were...... fabricated using plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) and reactive ion etching (RIE). These processes and the control of the film composition is discussed. Ytterbium doped planar waveguides are demonstrated, and it is shown that codoping with aluminium has a positive influence...... on the fluorescence intensity of the ytterbium ions. Based on this result ytterbium doped planar waveguides with a net gain of 0.36 dB/cm are made. The glass is sensitive to ultra violet (UV) light, and using UV-writing Bragg gratings are photoimprinted in the waveguides, and a laser is made in a distributed Bragg...

  12. A new multi-planar reconstruction method using voxel based beamforming for 3D ultrasound imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ju, Hyunseok; Kang, Jinbum; Song, Ilseob; Yoo, Yangmo

    2015-03-01

    For multi-planar reconstruction in 3D ultrasound imaging, direct and separable 3D scan conversion (SC) have been used for transforming the ultrasound data acquired in the 3D polar coordinate system to the 3D Cartesian coordinate system. These 3D SC methods can visualize an arbitrary plane for 3D ultrasound volume data. However, they suffer from blurring and blocking artifacts due to resampling during SC. In this paper, a new multi-planar reconstruction method based on voxel based beamforming (VBF) is proposed for reducing blurring and blocking artifacts. In VBF, unlike direct and separable 3D SC, each voxel on an arbitrary imaging plane is directly reconstructed by applying the focusing delay to radio-frequency (RF) data so that the blurring and blocking artifacts can be removed. From the phantom study, the proposed VBF method showed the higher contrast and less blurring compared to the separable and direct 3D SC methods. This result is consistent with the measured information entropy contrast (IEC) values, i.e., 98.9 vs. 42.0 vs. 47.9, respectively. In addition, the 3D SC methods and VBF method were implemented on a high-end GPU by using CUDA programming. The execution times for the VBF and direct 3D SC methods are 1656.1ms, 1633.3ms and 1631.4ms, which are I/O bounded. These results indicate that the proposed VBF method can improve image quality of 3D ultrasound B-mode imaging by removing blurring and blocking artifacts associated with 3D scan conversion and show the feasibility of pseudo-real-time operation.

  13. Detailed ab initio first-principles study of the magnetic anisotropy in a family of trigonal pyramidal iron(II) pyrrolide complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atanasov, Mihail; Ganyushin, Dmitry; Pantazis, Dimitrios A; Sivalingam, Kantharuban; Neese, Frank

    2011-08-15

    A theoretical, computational, and conceptual framework for the interpretation and prediction of the magnetic anisotropy of transition metal complexes with orbitally degenerate or orbitally nearly degenerate ground states is explored. The treatment is based on complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) wave functions in conjunction with N-electron valence perturbation theory (NEVPT2) and quasidegenerate perturbation theory (QDPT) for treatment of magnetic field- and spin-dependent relativistic effects. The methodology is applied to a series of Fe(II) complexes in ligand fields of almost trigonal pyramidal symmetry as provided by several variants of the tris-pyrrolylmethyl amine ligand (tpa). These systems have recently attracted much attention as mononuclear single-molecule magnet (SMM) complexes. This study aims to establish how the ligand field can be fine tuned in order to maximize the magnetic anisotropy barrier. In trigonal ligand fields high-spin Fe(II) complexes adopt an orbitally degenerate (5)E ground state with strong in-state spin-orbit coupling (SOC). We study the competing effects of SOC and the (5)E⊗ε multimode Jahn-Teller effect as a function of the peripheral substituents on the tpa ligand. These subtle distortions were found to have a significant effect on the magnetic anisotropy. Using a rigorous treatment of all spin multiplets arising from the triplet and quintet states in the d(6) configuration the parameters of the effective spin-Hamiltonian (SH) approach were predicted from first principles. Being based on a nonperturbative approach we investigate under which conditions the SH approach is valid and what terms need to be retained. It is demonstrated that already tiny geometric distortions observed in the crystal structures of four structurally and magnetically well-documented systems, reported recently, i.e., [Fe(tpa(R))](-) (R = tert-butyl, Tbu (1), mesityl, Mes (2), phenyl, Ph (3), and 2,6-difluorophenyl, Dfp (4), are enough to

  14. The cadherin Fat2 is required for planar cell polarity in the Drosophila ovary

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ivana ViktorinovÃ; Tina König; Karin Schlichting; Christian Dahmann

    2009-01-01

    Planar cell polarity is an important characteristic of many epithelia. In the Drosophila wing, eye and abdomen, establishment of planar cell polarity requires the core planar cell polarity genes and two cadherins, Fat and Dachsous...

  15. Pseudo Jahn-Teller origin of instability of molecular high-symmetry configurations: Novel numerical method and results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bersuker, Isaac B.; Balabanov, Nikolai B.; Pekker, David; Boggs, James E.

    2002-12-01

    The pseudo Jahn-Teller (PJT) effect as the only source of instability of molecular high-symmetry configurations in nondegenerate states is given a deeper insight by means of a novel method of ab initio evaluation of the vibronic Kv and nonvibronic K0 contributions to the curvature K=K0+Kv of the adiabatic potential energy surface in the direction of distortion. The method overcomes two essential difficulties: (1) the low accuracy in calculation of K0 because of the singularities at the nuclei where existing basis sets yield inadequate results, and (2) the lack of sufficiently accurate data on excited states (including the continuum spectrum) for calculation of Kv. This is achieved by summing up the contributions of the excited states to result in expressions with only the ground state wave function and its derivatives, and excluding the singularities by canceling mutually compensating diagonal matrix elements in K0 and Kv. After these essential changes K=K0+Kv is no longer a small difference between two large numbers, and it can be calculated with reasonable accuracy, while the separation of Kv allows one to reveal the PJT origin of the instability: the direction of distortion for which the negative Kv value overcomes the positive K0 one. A further insight into the origin of the instability is reached by estimating the relative contribution of the most active excited states for different distortions (and for the same distortions in similar compounds), since the contribution of the continuum states (the largest part of Kv) does not affect the bonding and hence the differences in Kv. Illustrative numerical calculations were carried out on several series of molecular systems: planar AH4, A=B-, C, N+, O2+, Si, planar BH3, CH3-, NH3, octahedral MH6, M=Sc3-, Ti2-, V-, Cr, Mn+, and octahedral TeF62-, IF6-, and XeF6.

  16. Assessment of flatness of assumed planar surfaces for ultrasound investigation of elastic surfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    González, Alejandro González; Hemmsen, Martin Christian; Wilhjelm, Jens E.

    2015-01-01

    Assessment of flatness of assumed planar surfaces for ultrasound investigation of elastic surfaces......Assessment of flatness of assumed planar surfaces for ultrasound investigation of elastic surfaces...

  17. Computational Study on a PTAS for Planar Dominating Set Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qian-Ping Gu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The dominating set problem is a core NP-hard problem in combinatorial optimization and graph theory, and has many important applications. Baker [JACM 41,1994] introduces a k-outer planar graph decomposition-based framework for designing polynomial time approximation scheme (PTAS for a class of NP-hard problems in planar graphs. It is mentioned that the framework can be applied to obtain an O(2ckn time, c is a constant, (1+1/k-approximation algorithm for the planar dominating set problem. We show that the approximation ratio achieved by the mentioned application of the framework is not bounded by any constant for the planar dominating set problem. We modify the application of the framework to give a PTAS for the planar dominating set problem. With k-outer planar graph decompositions, the modified PTAS has an approximation ratio (1 + 2/k. Using 2k-outer planar graph decompositions, the modified PTAS achieves the approximation ratio (1+1/k in O(22ckn time. We report a computational study on the modified PTAS. Our results show that the modified PTAS is practical.

  18. Metal effects on the structure of non-planar porphyrins

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sparks, L.D.; Sparks, M.S.; Chamberlain, J.R.; Ondrias, M.R.; Shelnutt, J.A. (Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States) Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque (United States)); Medforth, C.J.; Senge, M.; Smith, K.M. (Univ. of California, Davis (United States))

    1992-01-01

    Porphyrin planarity, is though to influence chemical and electron-transfer properties of tetrapyrroles in methylreductase and the photosynthetic reaction center. The authors are investigating the effect of differing metals on the conformation of the porphyrin ring for a series of highly non-planar porphyrins. The non-planarity of these octaalkyl-tetraphenylporphyrins results from steric crowding of substituents at the periphery of the planarity of the macrocycle. However, the metals incorporated into the central core effect the planarity of the macrocycle and the metal core geometry. The series of octaethyl-tetraphenylporphyrin (OETPP) metal derivaties (M=N(II), Co(II), Co(III)OAc, Cu(II), Zn(II), Fe(III)Cl) is investigated using UV-visible adsorption spectroscopy, dual-channel resonance Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography. A comparison is made between the non-planar OETPPs and the planar octaethylporphyrins (OEPs) and tetraphenylporphyrins (TPPs). Molecular mechanics calculations are also used to calculate the molecular conformations for the metal OETPPs and corresponding metal OEPs and TPPs. The calculated conformations and compared with the experimetal stuctures. Generally, the macrocycle planarity of the OETPPs decreases as the metal size increases, although all of the metal derivatives maintain considerable non-plarity. Core sizes for the MOETPP series vary over the entire range of the observed core sizes for all planar metalloporphyrins. Nevertheless, a plot of the Raman frequencies versus porphyrin core size indicates that there is little or no core-size dependence of the Raman modes v[sub 2], v[sub 3] and v[sub 4].

  19. Pseudo-acne fulminans associated with oral isotretinoin*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grando, Luciana Rosa; Leite, Oriete Gerin; Cestari, Tania Ferreira

    2014-01-01

    Acne fulminans is a rare and serious condition characterized by the sudden onset of nodular and ulcerative acne lesions associated with systemic symptoms. It has been recognized a subset of patients with a sudden worsening of acne, often during treatment with oral isotretinoin, but without the strong presence of systemic involvement. Recognized by some authors as "pseudo-acne fulminans" or " acne fulminans sine fulminans," we report a case with these features in order to draw attention to the recognition and early management of this manifestation. PMID:25054758

  20. [Hemopyrrollactamuria (HPU); from spots to pseudo-disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Meer, J W; van de Kerkhof, R; The, G K; Boers, G H

    2003-09-06

    In recent years, patients in the Netherlands confront their doctors with the diagnosis 'haemopyrollactamuria' (HPU), based on the presence of the haemopyrrollactam complex in their urine. The diagnosis is made by a commercial laboratory in the Netherlands (www.keac.nl). We have not been able to find peer-reviewed scientific literature on this metabolic disease. The haemopyrrollactam complex represents the so-called mauve spot, which was the subject of much controversy in schizophrenia research in the previous century. Reviewing all of the available data, we feel that HPU should be classified as a pseudo-disease.

  1. Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gatti, A.; Bache, Morten; Magatti, D.

    2006-01-01

    We investigate experimentally fundamental properties of coherent ghost imaging using spatially incoherent beams generated from a pseudo-thermal source. A complementarity between the coher- ence of the beams and the correlation between them is demonstrated by showing a complementarity between ghost...... diffraction and ordinary diffraction patterns. In order for the ghost imaging scheme to work it is therefore crucial to have incoherent beams. The visibility of the information is shown for the ghost image to become better as the object size relative to the speckle size is decreased, and therefore...

  2. Pseudo-compressibility methods for the incompressible flow equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkel, Eli; Arnone, A.

    1993-01-01

    Preconditioning methods to accelerate convergence to a steady state for the incompressible fluid dynamics equations are considered. The analysis relies on the inviscid equations. The preconditioning consists of a matrix multiplying the time derivatives. Thus the steady state of the preconditioned system is the same as the steady state of the original system. The method is compared to other types of pseudo-compressibility. For finite difference methods preconditioning can change and improve the steady state solutions. An application to viscous flow around a cascade with a non-periodic mesh is presented.

  3. Pseudo inputs for pairwise learning with Gaussian processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jens Brehm; Jensen, Bjørn Sand; Larsen, Jan

    2012-01-01

    is based on a classical pairwise probit likelihood imposed with a Gaussian process prior. While extremely flexible, this non-parametric method struggles with an inconvenient O(n3) scaling in terms of the n input instances which limits the method only to smaller problems. To overcome this, we derive...... a specific sparse extension of the classical pairwise likelihood using the pseudo-input formulation. The behavior of the proposed extension is demonstrated on a toy example and on two real-world data sets which outlines the potential gain and pitfalls of the approach. Finally, we discuss the relation...

  4. Displaced vertices from pseudo-Dirac dark matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davoli, Alessandro; De Simone, Andrea; Jacques, Thomas; Sanz, Verónica

    2017-11-01

    Displaced vertices are relatively unusual signatures for dark matter searches at the LHC. We revisit the model of pseudo-Dirac dark matter (pDDM), which can accommodate the correct relic density, evade direct detection constraints, and generically provide observable collider signatures in the form of displaced vertices. We use this model as a benchmark to illustrate the general techniques involved in the analysis, the complementarity between monojet and displaced vertex searches, and provide a comprehensive study of the current bounds and prospective reach.

  5. Age bimodality in the central region of pseudo-bulges in S0 galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Preetish K.; Barway, Sudhanshu; Wadadekar, Yogesh

    2017-11-01

    We present evidence for bimodal stellar age distribution of pseudo-bulges of S0 galaxies as probed by the Dn(4000) index. We do not observe any bimodality in age distribution for pseudo-bulges in spiral galaxies. Our sample is flux limited and contains 2067 S0 and 2630 spiral galaxies drawn from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We identify pseudo-bulges in S0 and spiral galaxies, based on the position of the bulge on the Kormendy diagram and their central velocity dispersion. Dividing the pseudo-bulges of S0 galaxies into those containing old and young stellar populations, we study the connection between global star formation and pseudo-bulge age on the u - r colour-mass diagram. We find that most old pseudo-bulges are hosted by passive galaxies while majority of young bulges are hosted by galaxies that are star forming. Dividing our sample of S0 galaxies into early-type S0s and S0/a galaxies, we find that old pseudo-bulges are mainly hosted by early-type S0 galaxies while most of the pseudo-bulges in S0/a galaxies are young. We speculate that morphology plays a strong role in quenching of star formation in the disc of these S0 galaxies, which stops the growth of pseudo-bulges, giving rise to old pseudo-bulges and the observed age bimodality.

  6. Plasmonic rod dimers as elementary planar chiral meta-atoms

    CERN Document Server

    Zhukovsky, Sergei V; Chigrin, Dmitry N

    2011-01-01

    Electromagnetic response of metallic rod dimers is theoretically calculated for arbitrary planar arrangement of rods in the dimer. It is shown that dimers without an in-plane symmetry axis exhibit elliptical dichroism and act as "atoms" in planar chiral metamaterials. Due to a very simple geometry of the rod dimer, such planar metamaterials are much easier in fabrication than conventional split-ring or gammadion-type structures, and lend themselves to a simple analytical treatment based on coupled dipole model. Dependencies of metamaterial's directional asymmetry on the dimer's geometry are established analytically and confirmed in numerical simulations.

  7. Electrolytic Cell For Production Of Aluminum Employing Planar Anodes.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barnett, Robert J. (Goldendale, WA); Mezner, Michael B. (Sandy, OR); Bradford, Donald R (Underwood, WA)

    2004-10-05

    A method of producing aluminum in an electrolytic cell containing alumina dissolved in an electrolyte, the method comprising providing a molten salt electrolyte having alumina dissolved therein in an electrolytic cell. A plurality of anodes and cathodes having planar surfaces are disposed in a generally vertical orientation in the electrolyte, the anodes and cathodes arranged in alternating or interleaving relationship to provide anode planar surfaces disposed opposite cathode planar surfaces, the anode comprised of carbon. Electric current is passed through anodes and through the electrolyte to the cathodes depositing aluminum at the cathodes and forming carbon containing gas at the anodes.

  8. Double shell planar experiments on OMEGA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodd, E. S.; Merritt, E. C.; Palaniyappan, S.; Montgomery, D. S.; Daughton, W. S.; Schmidt, D. W.; Cardenas, T.; Wilson, D. C.; Loomis, E. N.; Batha, S. H.; Ping, Y.; Smalyuk, V. A.; Amendt, P. A.

    2017-10-01

    The double shell project is aimed at fielding neutron-producing capsules at the National Ignition Facility (NIF), in which an outer low-Z ablator collides with an inner high-Z shell to compress the fuel. However, understanding these targets experimentally can be challenging when compared with conventional single shell targets. Halfraum-driven planar targets at OMEGA are being used to study physics issues important to double shell implosions outside of a convergent geometry. Both VISAR and radiography through a tube have advantages over imaging through the hohlraum and double-shell capsule at NIF. A number physics issues are being studied with this platform that include 1-d and higher dimensional effects such as defect-driven hydrodynamic instabilities from engineering features. Additionally, the use of novel materials with controlled density gradients require study in easily diagnosed 1-d systems. This work ultimately feeds back into the NIF capsule platform through manufacturing tolerances set using data from OMEGA. Supported under the US DOE by the LANS, LLC under contract DE-AC52-06NA25396. LA-UR-17-25386.

  9. Planar Microfluidic Drop Splitting and Merging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collignon, Sean; Friend, James; Yeo, Leslie; MAD-LAB Team

    2015-11-01

    Open drop microfluidic platforms offer attractive alternatives to closed microchannel devices, however, to be effective they require efficient schemes for planar drop transport and manipulation. While there are many methods that have been reported for drop transport, it is far more difficult to carry out drop operations of dispensing, merging and splitting. In this work, we introduce a novel alternative to merge and split drops using laterally-offset modulated surface acoustic waves (SAWs). To do so, the energy delivery into the drop is modulated to induce drop stretching. Upon removal of the SAW energy, capillary forces at the center of the elongated drop drain the capillary bridge region towards both ends, resulting in its collapse and consequential splitting of the drop. This occurs only below a critical Ohnesorge number, a balance between the viscous forces that retard the drainage and the sufficiently large capillary forces that cause the liquid bridge to pinch. By this scheme we show the possibility of both reliable symettric splitting of a drop with an average deviation in droplet volumes of only around 4%, and no greater than 10%, as well as asymmetric splitting, by tuning the input energy to the device--thus presenting a comparable alternative to electrowetting.

  10. Planar screening by charge polydisperse counterions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trulsson, M.; Trizac, E.; Šamaj, L.

    2018-01-01

    We study how a neutralising cloud of counterions screens the electric field of a uniformly charged planar membrane (plate), when the counterions are characterised by a distribution of charges (or valence), n(q) . We work out analytically the one-plate and two-plate cases, at the level of non-linear Poisson–Boltzmann theory. The (essentially asymptotic) predictions are successfully compared to numerical solutions of the full Poisson–Boltzmann theory, but also to Monte Carlo simulations. The counterions with smallest valence control the long-distance features of interactions, and may qualitatively change the results pertaining to the classic monodisperse case where all counterions have the same charge. Emphasis is put on continuous distributions n(q) , for which new power-laws can be evidenced, be it for the ionic density or the pressure, in the one- and two-plates situations respectively. We show that for discrete distributions, more relevant for experiments, these scaling laws persist in an intermediate but yet observable range. Furthermore, it appears that from a practical point of view, hallmarks of the continuous n(q) behaviour are already featured by discrete mixtures with a relatively small number of constituents.

  11. Development of cofired type planar SOFC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taira, Hiroaki; Sakamoto, Sadaaki; Zhou, Hua-Bing [Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Shiga (Japan)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    We have developed fabrication process for planar SOFC fabricated with cofired anode/electrolyte/cathode multilayers and interconnects. By cofiring technique for the multilayers, we expect to reduce the thickness of the electrolyte layers, resulting in decrease of innerimpedance, and achieve low production cost. On the other hand, the cofiring technique requires that the sintering temperature, the shrinkage profiles and the thermal expansion characteristics of all component materials should be compatible with the other. It is, therefore, difficult to cofire the multilayers with large area. Using the multilayers with surface area of 150cm{sup 2}, we fabricated the multiple cell stacks. The maximum power of 5x4 multiple cell stack (5 planes of cells in series, 4 cells in parallel in each planes 484cm{sup 2} effective electrode area of each cell planes) was 601W (0.25Wcm{sup -2}, Uf=40%). However, the terminal voltage of the multiple cell stack decreased by the cause of cell cracking, gas leakage and degradation of cofired multilayers. This paper presents the improvements of cofired multilayers, and the performance of multiple cell stacks with the improved multilayers.

  12. Stress measurements of planar dielectric elastomer actuators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osmani, Bekim; Aeby, Elise A.; Müller, Bert [Biomaterials Science Center, University of Basel, Gewerbestrasse 14, 4123 Allschwil (Switzerland)

    2016-05-15

    Dielectric elastomer actuator (DEA) micro- and nano-structures are referred to artificial muscles because of their specific continuous power and adequate time response. The bending measurement of an asymmetric, planar DEA is described. The asymmetric cantilevers consist of 1 or 5 μm-thin DEAs deposited on polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) substrates 16, 25, 38, or 50 μm thick. The application of a voltage to the DEA electrodes generates an electrostatic pressure in the sandwiched silicone elastomer layer, which causes the underlying PEN substrate to bend. Optical beam deflection enables the detection of the bending angle vs. applied voltage. Bending radii as large as 850 m were reproducibly detected. DEA tests with electric fields of up to 80 V/μm showed limitations in electrode’s conductivity and structure failures. The actuation measurement is essential for the quantitative characterization of nanometer-thin, low-voltage, single- and multi-layer DEAs, as foreseen for artificial sphincters to efficiently treat severe urinary and fecal incontinence.

  13. Planar Rotary Motor Using Ultrasonic Horns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherrit, Stewart; Bao, Xiaoqi; Badescu, Mircea; Chang, Zensheu; Geiyer, Daniel; Allen, Phillip; Ostlund, Patrick; Bar-Cohen, Yoseph

    2011-01-01

    One of the first piezoelectric motor designs with significant rotational speeds was outlined by Barth. This device used extensional piezoelectric elements to produce a time varying force at a distance r from the center of a centrally supported disk. These extensional actuators produced micro-steps at a high frequency with the end result being macroscopic rotation of the disk and high torque. The rotation direction is controlled by the choice of the actuators and the direction of the extension about the rotor center. A recent advancement in producing pre-stressed power ultrasonic horns using flexures allows for the development of high torque ultrasonic motors based on the Barth's idea that can be fabricated in a 2D plate or in more complicated 3D structures. In addition to the pre-stress flexures the design also allows for the use of flexures to produce the rotor/horn normal force. The torque can be controlled by the number of actuators in the plane and the amplitude of the normal force. This paper will present analytical and experimental results obtained from testing prototype planar motors.

  14. Planar diagrams and Calabi-Yau spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrari, F

    2003-01-01

    Large N geometric transitions and the Dijkgraaf-Vafa conjecture suggest a deep relationship between the sum over planar diagrams and Calabi-Yau threefolds. We explore this correspondence in details, explaining how to construct the Calabi-Yau for a large class of M-matrix models, and how the geometry encodes the correlators. We engineer in particular two-matrix theories with potentials W(X,Y) that reduce to arbitrary functions in the commutative limit. We apply the method to calculate all correlators and in models of the form W(X,Y)=V(X)+U(Y)-XY and W(X,Y)=V(X)+YU(Y^{2})+XY^{2}. The solution of the latter example was not known, but when U is a constant we are able to solve the loop equations, finding a precise match with the geometric approach. We also discuss special geometry in multi-matrix models, and we derive an important property, the entanglement of eigenvalues, governing the expansion around classical vacua for which the matrices do not commute.

  15. Three-dimensional echo-planar cine imaging of cerebral blood supply using arterial spin labeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, Manoj; Mildner, Toralf; Schlumm, Torsten; Robertson, Scott Haile; Möller, Harald

    2016-12-01

    Echo-planar imaging (EPI) with CYlindrical Center-out spatiaL Encoding (EPICYCLE) is introduced as a novel hybrid three-dimensional (3D) EPI technique. Its suitability for the tracking of a short bolus created by pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) through the cerebral vasculature is demonstrated. EPICYCLE acquires two-dimensional planes of k-space along center-out trajectories. These "spokes" are rotated from shot to shot about a common axis to encode a k-space cylinder. To track a bolus of labeled blood, the same subset of evenly distributed spokes is acquired in a cine fashion after a short period of pCASL. This process is repeated for all subsets to fill the whole 3D k-space of each time frame. The passage of short pCASL boluses through the vasculature of a 3D imaging slab was successfully imaged using EPICYCLE. By choosing suitable sequence parameters, the impact of slab excitation on the bolus shape could be minimized. Parametric maps of signal amplitude, transit time, and bolus width reflected typical features of blood transport in large vessels. The EPICYCLE technique was successfully applied to track a short bolus of labeled arterial blood during its passage through the cerebral vasculature.

  16. Pseudo-Stem Banana Fibers: Characterization and Chromium Removal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Becker

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this work, pseudo-stems of the banana tree were collected, characterized and used as adsorbent materials for the removal of the chromium ions from aqueous solution. The characterization of pseudo-stems by FTIR suggests the presence of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. The predominant groups were carbonyls (0.312 ± 0.010 mmol g–1 adsorbent, phenols (0.237 ± 0.021 mmol g–1 adsorbent, lactones (0.041 ± 0.003 mmol g–1 adsorbent and basic groups (0.096 ± 0.006 mmol g–1 adsorbent. The textural propriety of the adsorbent, surface area, pore volume and pore diameter were found to be 0.383 m2 g–1, 0.003525 cm3 g–1 and 368.3 Å, respectively. The pHpzc value was found 7.5 and so the adsorption assays of chromium removal from solution were more efficiently at acidic pH values. The experiments show that approximately 95% and 78% of the Cr (VI was removed from solution by untreated and treated fiber, respectively, in 300 minutes of the contact time.

  17. Pseudo-homophony in non-native listening

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutler, Anne; Otake, Takashi

    2004-05-01

    Pseudo-homophony may result when non-native listeners cannot distinguish phonemic contrasts. Thus Dutch listeners have difficulty distinguishing the vowels of English cattle versus kettle, because this contrast is subsumed by a single Dutch vowel category; in consequence, both words may be activated whenever either is heard. A lexical decision study in English explored this phenomenon by testing for repetition priming. The materials contained among 340 items 18 pairs such as cattle/kettle, i.e., contrasting only in those vowels, and 18 pairs contrasting only in r/l (e.g., right/light). These materials, spoken by a native American English speaker, were presented to fluent non-native speakers of English, 48 Dutch Nijmegen University students, and 48 Japanese Dokkyo University students; the listeners performed lexical decision on each spoken item, and response time was measured. Dutch listeners responded significantly faster to one member of a cattle/kettle pair after having heard the other member earlier in the list (compared with having heard a control word), suggesting that both words had been activated whichever had been heard. Japanese listeners, however, showed no such priming for cattle/kettle words, but did show repetition priming across r/l pairs such as right/light. Non-native listeners' phonemic discrimination difficulties thus generate pseudo-homophony.

  18. PRIMITIVE MATRICES AND GENERATORS OF PSEUDO RANDOM SEQUENCES OF GALOIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Beletsky

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In theory and practice of information cryptographic protection one of the key problems is the forming a binary pseudo-random sequences (PRS with a maximum length with acceptable statistical characteristics. PRS generators are usually implemented by linear shift register (LSR of maximum period with linear feedback [1]. In this paper we extend the concept of LSR, assuming that each of its rank (memory cell can be in one of the following condition. Let’s call such registers “generalized linear shift register.” The research goal is to develop algorithms for constructing Galois and Fibonacci generalized matrix of n-order over the field , which uniquely determined both the structure of corresponding generalized of n-order LSR maximal period, and formed on their basis Galois PRS generators of maximum length. Thus the article presents the questions of formation the primitive generalized Fibonacci and Galois arbitrary order matrix over the prime field . The synthesis of matrices is based on the use of irreducible polynomials of degree and primitive elements of the extended field generated by polynomial. The constructing methods of Galois and Fibonacci conjugated primitive matrices are suggested. The using possibilities of such matrices in solving the problem of constructing generalized generators of Galois pseudo-random sequences are discussed.

  19. Pseudo-creep in Shape Memory Alloy Wires and Sheets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russalian, V. R.; Bhattacharyya, A.

    2017-10-01

    Interruption of loading during reorientation and isothermal pseudoelasticity in shape memory alloys with a strain arrest ( i.e., holding strain constant) results in a time-dependent evolution in stress or with a stress arrest ( i.e., holding stress constant) results in a time-dependent evolution in strain. This phenomenon, which we term as pseudo-creep, is similar to what was reported in the literature three decades ago for some traditional metallic materials undergoing plastic deformation. In a previous communication, we reported strain arrest of isothermal pseudoelastic loading, isothermal pseudoelastic unloading, and reorientation in NiTi wires as well as a rate-independent phase diagram. In this paper, we provide experimental results of the pseudo-creep phenomenon during stress arrest of isothermal pseudoelasticity and reorientation in NiTi wires as well as strain arrest of isothermal pseudoelasticity and reorientation in NiTi sheets. Stress arrest in NiTi wires accompanied by strain accumulation or recovery is studied using the technique of multi-video extensometry. The experimental results were used to estimate the amount of mechanical energy needed to evolve the wire from one microstructural state to another during isothermal pseudoelastic deformation and the difference in energies between the initial and the final rest state between which the aforementioned evolution has occurred.

  20. Pseudo-Finslerian Space-Times and Multirefringence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skákala, Jozef; Visser, Matt

    Ongoing searches for a quantum theory of gravity have repeatedly led to the suggestion that space-time might ultimately be anisotropic (Finsler-like) and/or exhibit multirefringence (multiple signal cones). Multiple (and even anisotropic) signal cones can be easily dealt with in a unified manner, by writing down a single Fresnel equation to simultaneously encode all signal cones in an even-handed manner. Once one gets off the signal cone and attempts to construct a full multirefringent space-time metric the situation becomes more problematic. In the multirefringent case we shall report a significant no-go result: in multirefringent models there is no simple or compelling way to construct any unifying notion of pseudo-Finsler space-time metric, different from a monorefringenent model, where the signal cone structure plus a conformal factor completely specifies the full pseudo-Riemannian metric. To throw some light on this situation we use an analog model where both anisotropy and multirefringence occur simultaneously: biaxial birefringent crystal. But the significance of our results extends beyond the optical framework in which (purely for pedagogical reasons) we are working, and has implications for any attempt at introducing multirefringence and intrinsic anisotropies to any model of quantum gravity that has a low energy manifold-like limit.

  1. Fundamental and practical limits of planar tracking solar concentrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grede, Alex J; Price, Jared S; Giebink, Noel C

    2016-12-26

    Planar microtracking provides an alternate paradigm for solar concentration that offers the possibility of realizing high-efficiency embedded concentrating photovoltaic systems in the form factor of standard photovoltaic panels. Here, we investigate the thermodynamic limit of planar tracking optical concentrators and establish that they can, in principal, achieve the sine limit of their orientationally-tracked counterparts provided that the receiver translates a minimum distance set by the field of view half-angle. We develop a phase space methodology to optimize practical planar tracking concentrators and apply it to the design of a two surface, catadioptric system that operates with > 90% optical efficiency over a 140° field of view at geometric gains exceeding 1000×. These results provide a reference point for subsequent developments in the field and indicate that planar microtracking can achieve the high optical concentration ratio required in commercial concentrating photovoltaic systems.

  2. A novel approach to antireflection coating using planar metamaterials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Hou-tong [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhou, Jiangfeng [Los Alamos National Laboratory; O' Hara, John F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Azad, Abul K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chen, Frank [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Taylor, Antoinette J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    We experimentally demonstrate a novel antireflection coating using planar metamaterials. It dramatically reduces the reflectance and enhances the transmittance over a wide range of incidence angles for both polarizations near the designed wavelength.

  3. Principles of planar near-field antenna measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Gregson, Stuart; Parini, Clive

    2007-01-01

    This single volume provides a comprehensive introduction and explanation of both the theory and practice of 'Planar Near-Field Antenna Measurement' from its basic postulates and assumptions, to the intricacies of its deployment in complex and demanding measurement scenarios.

  4. Non-existence of limit cycles for planar vector fields

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaume Gine

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents sufficient conditions for the non-existence of limit cycles for planar vector fields. Classical methods for the nonexistence of limit cycles are connected with the theory developed here.

  5. Planar high temperature superconductor filters with backside coupling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Zhi-Yuan (Inventor)

    1998-01-01

    An improved high temperature superconducting planar filter wherein the coupling circuit or connecting network is located, in whole or in part, on the side of the substrate opposite the resonators and enables higher power handling capability.

  6. Group theoretical construction of planar noncommutative phase spaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ngendakumana, Ancille, E-mail: nancille@yahoo.fr; Todjihoundé, Leonard, E-mail: leonardt@imsp.uac.org [Institut de Mathématiques et des Sciences Physiques (IMSP), Porto-Novo (Benin); Nzotungicimpaye, Joachim, E-mail: kimpaye@kie.ac.rw [Kigali Institute of Education (KIE), Kigali (Rwanda)

    2014-01-15

    Noncommutative phase spaces are generated and classified in the framework of centrally extended anisotropic planar kinematical Lie groups as well as in the framework of noncentrally abelian extended planar absolute time Lie groups. Through these constructions the coordinates of the phase spaces do not commute due to the presence of naturally introduced fields giving rise to minimal couplings. By symplectic realizations methods, physical interpretations of generators coming from the obtained structures are given.

  7. On the maximum number of cycles in a planar graph

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aldred, R.E.L.; Thomassen, Carsten

    2008-01-01

    Let G be a graph on p vertices with q edges and let r = q - p + 1. We show that G has at most 15/162(r) cycles. We also show that if G is planar, then G has at most 2(r-1) + o(2(r-1)) cycles. The planar result is best possible in the sense that any prism, that is, the Cartesian product of a cycle...

  8. Existence of pseudo almost periodic solutions for a class of partial functional differential equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui-Sheng Ding

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we first introduce a new class of pseudo almost periodic type functions and investigate some properties of pseudo almost periodic type functions; and then we discuss the existence of pseudo almost periodic solutions to the class of abstract partial functional differential equations $x'(t=Ax(t+f(t,x_t$ with finite delay in a Banach space X.

  9. ANALYSIS OF THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND MORPHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF BANANA PSEUDO-STEM

    OpenAIRE

    Kun Li; Shiyu Fu; Huaiyu Zhan; Yao Zhan; Lucian A. Lucia

    2010-01-01

    An analysis of the chemical composition and anatomical structure of banana pseudo-stem was carried out using Light Microscopy (LM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM). The chemical analysis indicated there is a high holocellulose content and low lignin content in banana pseudo-stem compared with some other non-wood fiber resources. These results demonstrate that the banana pseudo-stem has potential value for pulping. In addition, we report for th...

  10. Neutrosophic Regular Filters and Fuzzy Regular Filters in Pseudo-BCI Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohong Zhang

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Neutrosophic set is a new mathematical tool for handling problems involving imprecise, indeterminacy and inconsistent data. Pseudo-BCI algebra is a kind of non-classical logic algebra in close connection with various non-commutative fuzzy logics. Recently, we applied neutrosophic set theory to pseudo-BCI algebras. In this paper, we study neutrosophic filters in pseudo-BCI algebras.

  11. Continuous curves of nonmetric pseudo-arcs and semi-conjugacies to interval maps

    OpenAIRE

    Boronski, Jan P.; Smith, Michel

    2017-01-01

    In 1985 M. Smith constructed a nonmetric pseudo-arc; i.e. a Hausdorff homogeneous, hereditary equivalent and hereditary indecomposable continuum. Taking advantage of a decomposition theorem of W. Lewis, he obtained it as a long inverse limit of metric pseudo-arcs with monotone bonding maps. Extending his approach, and the results of Lewis on lifting homeomorphisms, we construct a nonmetric pseudo-circle, and new examples of homogeneous 1-dimensional continua; e.g. a circle and solenoids of no...

  12. Planar Rotary Piezoelectric Motor Using Ultrasonic Horns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherrit, Stewart; Bao, Xiaoqi; Badescu, Mircea; Bar-Cohen, Yoseph; Geiyer, Daniel; Ostlund, Patrick N.; Allen, Phillip

    2011-01-01

    A motor involves a simple design that can be embedded into a plate structure by incorporating ultrasonic horn actuators into the plate. The piezoelectric material that is integrated into the horns is pre-stressed with flexures. Piezoelectric actuators are attractive for their ability to generate precision high strokes, torques, and forces while operating under relatively harsh conditions (temperatures at single-digit K to as high as 1,273 K). Electromagnetic motors (EM) typically have high rotational speed and low torque. In order to produce a useful torque, these motors are geared down to reduce the speed and increase the torque. This gearing adds mass and reduces the efficiency of the EM. Piezoelectric motors can be designed with high torques and lower speeds directly without the need for gears. Designs were developed for producing rotary motion based on the Barth concept of an ultrasonic horn driving a rotor. This idea was extended to a linear motor design by having the horns drive a slider. The unique feature of these motors is that they can be designed in a monolithic planar structure. The design is a unidirectional motor, which is driven by eight horn actuators, that rotates in the clockwise direction. There are two sets of flexures. The flexures around the piezoelectric material are pre-stress flexures and they pre-load the piezoelectric disks to maintain their being operated under compression when electric field is applied. The other set of flexures is a mounting flexure that attaches to the horn at the nodal point and can be designed to generate a normal force between the horn tip and the rotor so that to first order it operates independently and compensates for the wear between the horn and the rotor.

  13. Retracing the path of planar cell polarity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenkelaars, Quentin; Fierro-Constain, Laura; Renard, Emmanuelle; Borchiellini, Carole

    2016-04-02

    The Planar Cell Polarity pathway (PCP) has been described as the main feature involved in patterning cell orientation in bilaterian tissues. Recently, a similar phenomenon was revealed in cnidarians, in which the inhibition of this pathway results in the absence of cilia orientation in larvae, consequently proving the functional conservation of PCP signaling between Cnidaria and Bilateria. Nevertheless, despite the growing accumulation of databases concerning basal lineages of metazoans, very few information concerning the existence of PCP components have been gathered outside of Bilateria and Cnidaria. Thus, the origin of this module or its prevalence in early emerging metazoans has yet to be elucidated. The present study addresses this question by investigating the genomes and transcriptomes from all poriferan lineages in addition to Trichoplax (Placozoa) and Mnemiopsis (Ctenophora) genomes for the presence of the core components of this pathway. Our results confirm that several PCP components are metazoan innovations. In addition, we show that all members of the PCP pathway, including a bona fide Strabismus ortholog (Van gogh), are retrieved only in one sponge lineage (Homoscleromorpha) out of four. This highly suggests that the full PCP pathway dates back at least to the emergence of homoscleromorph sponges. Consequently, several secondary gene losses would have occurred in the three other poriferan lineages including Amphimedon queenslandica (Demospongiae). Several proteins were not retrieved either in placozoans or ctenophores leading us to discuss the difficulties to predict orthologous proteins in basally branching animals. Finally, we reveal how the study of multigene families may be helpful to unravel the relationships at the base of the metazoan tree. The PCP pathway antedates the radiation of Porifera and may have arisen in the last common ancestor of animals. Oscarella species now appear as key organisms to understand the ancestral function of PCP

  14. Pseudo-arthrosis repair of a posterior cruciate ligament avulsion fracture

    OpenAIRE

    Hoogervorst, Paul; Gardeniers, J.W.M.; Moret-Wever, S.; Kampen, A. van

    2010-01-01

    A pseudo-arthrosis repair of a 4-year-old bony avulsion fracture of the PCL using a minimally invasive technique, screw fixation, and bone grafting is reported. The case presented seems to be rather unique due to the fragment size and the approach for pseudo-arthrosis repair. There was a good functional result following minimally invasive pseudo-arthrosis repair of a posterior cruciate ligament avulsion fracture. There are no previous reports of similar pseudo-arthrosis repairs, and other aut...

  15. Um caso de pseudo-hermafrodita masculino em um suíno

    OpenAIRE

    Corcini, Carine Dahl; Leon, Priscila Marques Moura de; Rambo, Gissele; Santos, Elisa Caroline da Silva; Varela Júnior, Antonio Sergio; Moreira, Fabiana; Fernandes, Cristina Gevehr; Lucia Júnior, Thomaz

    2009-01-01

    Os termos pseudo-hermafrodita e intersexo são utilizados para se referir a animais com traços sexuais ambíguos. O diagnostico de pseudo-hermafrodita é baseado nos vestígios de gônadas e aspecto fenotípico do trato reprodutivo. Os pseudo-hermafroditas masculinos são aqueles que possuem somente testículo. Este trabalho relata um caso de pseudo-hermafrodita masculino em um suíno, cujo aparelho reprodutor foi colhido na linha de abate de um frigorífico. O animal, com idade de 150 dias...

  16. Um caso de pseudo-hermafrodita masculino em um suíno

    OpenAIRE

    Corcini, Carine Dahl; Leon, Priscila Marques Moura; Rambo, Gissele; Santos, Elisa Caroline da Silva; Varela Junior, Antonio Sergio; Moreira, Fabiana; Fernandes, Cristina Gevehr; Lucia Junior, Thomaz

    2009-01-01

    Os termos pseudo-hermafrodita e intersexo são utilizados para se referir a animais com traços sexuais ambíguos. O diagnostico de pseudo-hermafrodita é baseado nos vestígios de gônadas e aspecto fenotípico do trato reprodutivo. Os pseudo-hermafroditas masculinos são aqueles que possuem somente testículo. Este trabalho relata um caso de pseudo-hermafrodita masculino em um suíno, cujo aparelho reprodutor foi colhido na linha de abate de um frigorífico. O animal, com idade de 150 dias e peso apro...

  17. Introduction to fractional and pseudo-differential equations with singular symbols

    CERN Document Server

    Umarov, Sabir

    2015-01-01

    The book systematically presents the theories of pseudo-differential operators with symbols singular in dual variables, fractional order derivatives, distributed and variable order fractional derivatives, random walk approximants, and applications of these theories to various initial and multi-point boundary value problems for pseudo-differential equations. Fractional Fokker-Planck-Kolmogorov equations associated with a large class of stochastic processes are presented. A complex version of the theory of pseudo-differential operators with meromorphic symbols based on the recently introduced complex Fourier transform is developed and applied for initial and boundary value problems for systems of complex differential and pseudo-differential equations.

  18. Fully Digital Chaotic Oscillators Applied to Pseudo Random Number Generation

    KAUST Repository

    Mansingka, Abhinav S.

    2012-05-01

    adapted for pseudo random number generation by truncating statistically defective bits. Finally, a novel post-processing technique using the Fibonacci series is proposed and implemented with a non-autonomous driven hyperchaotic system to provide pseudo random number generators with high nonlinear complexity and controllable period length that enables full utilization of all branches of the chaotic output as statistically secure pseudo random output.

  19. Hybrid carbon nanostructure assemblage for high performance pseudo-capacitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. K. Mishra

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Investigation of novel nanocomposites for pseudo-capacitors with high capacitance and energy density is the spotlight of current energy research. In the present work, hybrid carbon nanostructure assemblage of graphene and multiwalled carbon nanotubes has been used as carbon support to nanostructured RuO2 and polyaniline for high energy supercapacitors. Maximum specific capacitances of 110, 235 and 440 F g−1 at the voltage sweep rate of 10 mV s−1 and maximum energy densities of 7, 12.5 and 20.5 Wh kg−1 were observed for carbon assemblage and its RuO2 and polyanilne decorated nanocomposites, respectively, with 1M H2SO4 as electrolyte.

  20. Pseudo Goldstone Bosons Phenomenology in Minimal Walking Technicolor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hapola, Tuomas; Mescia, Federico; Nardecchia, Marco

    2012-01-01

    We construct the non-linear realized Lagrangian for the Goldstone Bosons associated to the breaking pattern of SU(4) to SO(4). This pattern is expected to occur in any Technicolor extension of the standard model featuring two Dirac fermions transforming according to real representations of the un......We construct the non-linear realized Lagrangian for the Goldstone Bosons associated to the breaking pattern of SU(4) to SO(4). This pattern is expected to occur in any Technicolor extension of the standard model featuring two Dirac fermions transforming according to real representations...... of the underlying gauge group. We concentrate on the Minimal Walking Technicolor quantum number assignments with respect to the standard model symmetries. We demonstrate that for, any choice of the quantum numbers, consistent with gauge and Witten anomalies the spectrum of the pseudo Goldstone Bosons contains...

  1. Understanding quantum non-locality through pseudo-telepathy game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunkri, Samir

    2006-11-01

    Usually by quantum non-locality we mean that quantum mechanics can not be replaced by local realistic theory. On the other hand this nonlocal feature of quantum mechanics can not be used for instantaneous communication and hence it respect Einstein's special theory of relativity. But still it is not trivial as proved by various quantum information processing using entangled states. Recently there have been studies of hypothetical non-local system again respecting no-signalling which is beyond quantum mechanics. Here we study the power of such a hypothetical nonlocal box first suggested by Popescu et.al. in the context of recently suggested pseudo-telepathy game constructed from a Kochen-Specker set.

  2. Pseudo paths towards minimum energy states in network dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedayatifar, L.; Hassanibesheli, F.; Shirazi, A. H.; Vasheghani Farahani, S.; Jafari, G. R.

    2017-10-01

    The dynamics of networks forming on Heider balance theory moves towards lower tension states. The condition derived from this theory enforces agents to reevaluate and modify their interactions to achieve equilibrium. These possible changes in network's topology can be considered as various paths that guide systems to minimum energy states. Based on this theory the final destination of a system could reside on a local minimum energy, ;jammed state;, or the global minimum energy, balanced states. The question we would like to address is whether jammed states just appear by chance? Or there exist some pseudo paths that bound a system towards a jammed state. We introduce an indicator to suspect the location of a jammed state based on the Inverse Participation Ratio method (IPR). We provide a margin before a local minimum where the number of possible paths dramatically drastically decreases. This is a condition that proves adequate for ending up on a jammed states.

  3. Pseudo noise code and data transmission method and apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deerkoski, L. F. (Inventor)

    1977-01-01

    Pseudo noise ranging codes, having a predetermined chipping rate, and a pair of binary data sources, each having a bit rate no greater than one tenth the chipping rate, quadriphase, digitally modulate a suppressed carrier wave having a first frequency are examined. Two additional binary data sources, each having a bit rate that is not restricted by the chipping rate of the first carrier, quadriphase, digitally modulate a suppressed carrier wave having a second frequency. The first and second frequencies are only slightly displaced so that there is overlap in the frequency bands which modulate the two carriers. The two suppressed carrier waves are linearly combined and transmitted from a first station to a second station so that the amplitude of the transmitted first wave is controlled so as not to degrade the detectability of the second wave at the second station.

  4. A Resource Guide for Debunking Astronomical Pseudo-Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraknoi, A.

    2008-11-01

    Many of us who do public programs for the International Year of Astronomy are likely to meet people who have questions or want to challenge us about pseudo-scientific topics related to astronomy. Perhaps they have heard about the claim that the moon landings were a hoax, or have seen a light in the sky which puzzled them. Even those of us who have extensive training in astronomy often are not prepared for tackling such questions. To deal with such situations, here is a concise guide to printed and web resources that offer rational examination of some of these ``fiction science'' claims. This is not a complete list, but a ``first defense'' for beginners. A fuller version can be found at: http://www.astrosociety.org/education/resources/pseudobib.html

  5. Hyperkalemia induced pseudo-myocardial infarction in septic shock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S E Pothiawala

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hyperkalemia is an acute life-threatening disorder presenting to the emergency department. Patients with hyperkalemia may manifest characteristic electrocardiographic changes including tented T waves, widening of the QRS complex and loss of P waves, sine wave pattern and eventually asystole. There have been only few reports of hyperkalemia causing ST segment elevation on electrocardiogram simulating an acute myocardial infarction. This case describes pseudo-myocardial infarction due to hyperkalemia and septic shock. Rapid determination of serum potassium levels by bedside blood gas analyzers serves to be a useful guide. ST segment elevation related to hyperkalemia will resolve with successful reduction of the serum potassium levels by appropriate therapy. It is important for physicians to be aware of this condition as this will aid in initiating correct therapy and prevent the patient from unnecessary interventions and the associated risk of complications.

  6. Radial artery pseudo aneurysm after percutaneous cannulation using Seldinger technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Ranganath

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cannulation of a peripheral artery in a patient allows for continuous blood pressure (BP monitoring and facilitates frequent arterial blood gas (ABG analysis. Complications include thrombosis, embolism risk, haemorrhage, sepsis, and formation of pseudo aneurysms. A 75-year-old male admitted via casualty with a collapse secondary to seizures. Patient was intubated and mechanically ventilated for 7 days. A right radial artery catheter was inserted on admission to casualty. The arterial catheter remained in situ for 7 days. Five days following its removal, the skin site appeared inflamed and a wound swab grew methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA. Eight days later a distinct bulging of the radial artery was noticed. An ultrasound was done and it showed radial artery pseudoaneurysm, the diagnosis was confirmed by angiogram. Delayed radial artery pseudoaneurysm formation has only been reported in association with infection, and less than twenty of these cases have been reported in the literature.

  7. Primordial GWs from universality classes of pseudo-scalar inflation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieroni, M.

    2017-05-01

    In this contribution we discuss the possibility of generating an observable gravitational wave (GW) background by coupling a pseudo-scalar inflaton to some Abelian gauge fields. This analysis is performed by dividing inflationary models into universality classes. We find that of the most promising scenario is a Starobinsky-like model, which may lead to the generation of observational signatures both in upcoming CMB detectors as well as for direct GW detectors. The signal which can be produced in these models would both be observable in ground-based detectors, such as advanced LIGO, and in space-based detectors, such as LISA. The complementarity between the CMB and direct GW detection may be used to extract informations on the microphysics of inflation. Interestingly the mechanism discussed in this contribution may also be relevant for the generation of Primordial Black Holes (PBHs).

  8. Eyeball pseudo-muscular actuators for an android face

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpi, Federico; De Rossi, Danilo

    2005-05-01

    The human attention system is based on the capability of the eye of focusing and tracking. These actions are performed by the eyeball muscle system, as a consequence of visual stimuli. The F.A.C.E. (Facial Automaton for Conveying Emotions) project at our lab concerns the development of an android face endowed with dynamic expressiveness and artificial vision. Aimed at realising an artificial attention system for such an automaton, we present here a study for the development of pseudo-muscular polymer actuators for its eyeballs. The system is based on the mimicry of the muscular architecture of the human eye. In particular, linear actuators made of dielectric elastomers have been designed to replicate actions exerted by the main ocular muscles.

  9. Pseudo-template synthesis of gold nanoparticles based on polyhydrosilanes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sacarescu, Liviu, E-mail: livius@icmpp.ro [Petru Poni Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Aleea Grigore Ghica Voda 41A, Iasi 700487 (Romania); Simionescu, Mihaela; Sacarescu, Gabriela [Petru Poni Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Aleea Grigore Ghica Voda 41A, Iasi 700487 (Romania)

    2011-02-01

    Highly stable colloidal gold nanoparticles are obtained in a pseudo-template system using a specific polyhydrosilane copolymeric structure. This process takes place in situ by microwaves activation of the polymer solution in a non-polar solvent followed by stirring with solid HAuCl{sub 4} in natural light. The experimental procedure is very simple and the resulted colloidal gold solution is indefinitely stable. The specific surface plasmon resonance absorption band of the gold nanoparticles is strongly red shifted and is strictly related to their size. AFM correlated with DLS analysis showed flattened round shaped colloidal polymer-gold nanoparticles with large diameters. SEM-EDX combined analysis reveals that the polysilane-gold nanoparticles show a natural tendency to auto-assemble in close packed structures which form large areas over the polymer film surface.

  10. Neutrino Masses from a Pseudo-Dirac Bino.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coloma, Pilar; Ipek, Seyda

    2016-09-09

    We show that, in U(1)_{R}-symmetric supersymmetric models, the bino and its Dirac partner (the singlino) can play the role of right-handed neutrinos and generate the neutrino masses and mixing, without the need for traditional bilinear or trilinear R-parity violating operators. The two particles form a pseudo-Dirac pair, the "biνo." An inverse seesaw texture is generated for the neutrino-biνo sector, and the lightest neutrino is predicted to be massless. Unlike in most models with heavy right-handed neutrinos, the biνo can be sizably produced at the LHC through its interactions with colored particles, while respecting low energy constraints from neutrinoless double-beta decay and charged lepton flavor violation.

  11. Raise and collapse of pseudo Landau levels in graphene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Eduardo V.; Cazalilla, Miguel A.; Vozmediano, María A. H.

    2017-12-01

    Lattice deformations couple to the low-energy electronic excitations of graphene as vector fields similar to the electromagnetic potential. The observation of strain-induced pseudo Landau levels with scanning tunnel microscopy experiments has been one of the most exciting events in the history of graphene. Nevertheless, the experimental observation presents some ambiguities. Similar strain patterns show different images that are sometimes difficult to interpret. In this Rapid Communication, we show that, for some strain configurations, the deformation potential acts as a parallel electric field able to destabilize the Landau level structure via a mechanism identical to that occurring for real electromagnetic fields. This effect also alters the estimations of the value of the pseudomagnetic field, which can be significantly bigger. The mechanism applies equally if the electric field has an external origin, which opens the door to an electric control of giant pseudomagnetic fields in graphene.

  12. COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF INCISOR PSEUDO-ODONTOMAS IN PRAIRIE DOGS (CYNOMYS LUDOVICIANUS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelizzone, Igor; Di Ianni, Francesco; Volta, Antonella; Gnudi, Giacomo; Manfredi, Sabrina; Bertocchi, Mara; Parmigiani, Enrico

    2017-05-01

    Maxillary incisor pseudo-odontomas are common in pet prairie dogs and can cause progressive respiratory obstruction, while mandibular pseudo-odontomas are rarely clinically significant. The aim of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to describe CT features of maxillary and mandibular incisor pseudo-odontomas vs. normal incisors in a group of pet prairie dogs. All pet prairie dogs with head CT scans acquired during the period of 2013-2015 were included. A veterinary radiologist who was aware of final diagnosis reviewed CT scans and recorded qualitative features of affected and normal incisors. Mean density values for the pulp cavity and palatal and buccal dentin were also recorded. A total of 16 prairie dogs were sampled (12 normal maxillary incisors, 20 confirmed maxillary incisor pseudo-odontomas, 20 normal mandibular incisors, 12 presumed mandibular incisor pseudo-odontomas). Maxillary incisors with confirmed pseudo-odontomas had a significantly hyperattenuating pulp and dentin in the reserve crown and apical zone, when compared to normal maxillary incisors. Pseudo-odontomas appeared as enlargements of the apical zone with a globular/multilobular hyperattenuating mass formation haphazardly arranged, encroaching on midline and growing caudally and ventrally. Presumed mandibular incisor pseudo-odontomas had similar CT characteristics. In 60% of prairie dogs with maxillary incisor pseudo-odontomas, the hard palate was deformed and the mass bulged into the oral cavity causing loss of the palatine bone. The common nasal meatus was partially or totally obliterated in 81.8% of prairie dogs with maxillary pseudo-odontomas. Findings supported the use of CT for characterizing extent of involvement and surgical planning in prairie dogs with pseudo-odontomas. © 2017 American College of Veterinary Radiology.

  13. Physical Embodiment can Produce Robot Operator’s Pseudo Presence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazuaki eTanaka

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies have focused on humanoid robots for improving distant communication. When a user talks with a remote conversation partner through a humanoid robot, the user can see the remote partner’s body motions with physical embodiment but not the partner’s current appearance. The physical embodiment existing in the same room with the user is the main feature of humanoid robots, but the effects on social telepresence, i.e. the sense of resembling face-to-face interaction, had not yet been well demonstrated. To find the effects, we conducted an experiment in which subjects talked with a partner through robots and various existing communication media (e.g. voice, avatar and video chats. As a result, we found that the physical embodiment enhances social telepresence. However, in terms of the degree of social telepresence, the humanoid robot remained at the same level as the partner’s live-video, since presenting partner’s appearance also enhances social telepresence. To utilize the anonymity of a humanoid robot, we proposed the way that produces pseudo presence that is the sense of interacting with a remote partner when they are actually interacting with an autonomous robot. Through the second experiment, we discovered that the subjects tended to evaluate the degree of pseudo presence of a remote partner based on their prior experience of watching the partner’s body motions reproduced by a robot. When a subject interacted with an autonomous robot after interacting with a teleoperated robot (i.e., a remote operator that is identical with the autonomous robot, the subjects tended to feel as if they were talking with a remote operator.

  14. Chronic primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction from visceral myopathy Pseudo-osbtrucción intestinal crónica primaria debida a miopatía visceral

    OpenAIRE

    M. T. Muñoz-Yagüe; J. C. Marín; F. Colina; C. Ibarrola; López-Alonso, G.; Martín, M.A.; J. A. Solís Herruzo

    2006-01-01

    Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is an uncommon syndrome characterized by relapsing episodes suggesting intestinal obstruction during which no mechanical causes are identified to account for symptoms. Etiologic factors may be manifold. Among them a number of neurologic conditions, gastrointestinal smooth muscle myopathies, endocrino-metabolic and autoimmune diseases, and the use of selected drugs stand out. We report a case of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction originating in a sporad...

  15. Anions, quantum particles in planar systems; Anions, particulas quanticas em sistemas planares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monerat, Germano Amaral [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica]. E-mail: monerat@if.uff.br

    2000-03-01

    Our purpose here is to present a general review of the non-relativistic quantum-mechanical description of excitations that do not obey neither the Fermi-Dirac nor the Bose-Einstein statistics; they rather fulfill an intermediate statistics, the we called 'any-statistics'. As we shall see, this is a peculiarity of (1+1) and (1+2) dimensions, due to the fact that, in two space dimensions, the spin is not quantised, once the rotation group is Abelian. The relevance of studying theories in (1+2) dimensions is justified by the evidence that, in condensed matter physics, there are examples of planar systems, for which everything goes as if the third spatial dimension is frozen. (author)

  16. Coexistence of several sillenite-like phases in pseudo-binary and pseudo-ternary systems based on Bi2O3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dapčević, Aleksandra; Poleti, Dejan; Karanović, Ljiljana; Rogan, Jelena; Dražič, Goran

    2013-11-01

    A series of polycrystalline samples containing sillenite-like (doped γ-Bi2O3) phases were prepared by high-temperature reactions from α-Bi2O3 powder and different oxides in six pseudo-binary Bi2O3-MxOy (M = Mn, Ti, V) and six pseudo-ternary Bi2O3-M1xOy-M2xOy (M1 = Pb, Zn, Ti and M2 = Zn, Ti, Si) systems. The products were characterized by XRD, SEM/EDX, HRTEM, SAED and DTA techniques. It is shown that for pseudo-binary systems, the phase composition of specimens depends on dopant content, while, for pseudo-ternary systems, depends on dopants radii, as well. In pseudo-binary systems, single-phase sillenites are obtained if the dopant content is in accordance with formula Bi12M4+O20, for M = Mn and Ti, and Bi(M0.85+)O, for M = V. However, two coexisting sillenite-like phases, doped compound and nominally undoped solid solution, are found if a half of that dopant quantity is applied. In pseudo-ternary systems, the phase-pure double-doped sillenite specimens are identified if ionic radii of dopants differ less than 40%. Otherwise, two coexisting sillenites were obtained. The possibility to prepare the undoped γ-Bi2O3 phase was also discussed.

  17. Pseudo-arthrosis repair of a posterior cruciate ligament avulsion fracture.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogervorst, P.; Gardeniers, J.W.M.; Moret-Wever, S.; Kampen, A. van

    2010-01-01

    A pseudo-arthrosis repair of a 4-year-old bony avulsion fracture of the PCL using a minimally invasive technique, screw fixation, and bone grafting is reported. The case presented seems to be rather unique due to the fragment size and the approach for pseudo-arthrosis repair. There was a good

  18. On pseudo-values for regression analysis in competing risks models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graw, F; Gerds, Thomas Alexander; Schumacher, M

    2009-01-01

    For regression on state and transition probabilities in multi-state models Andersen et al. (Biometrika 90:15-27, 2003) propose a technique based on jackknife pseudo-values. In this article we analyze the pseudo-values suggested for competing risks models and prove some conjectures regarding...

  19. Returns to Education in Sri Lanka: A Pseudo-Panel Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Himaz, Rozana; Aturupane, Harsha

    2016-01-01

    This study employs a pseudo-panel approach to estimate the returns to education among income earners in Sri Lanka. Pseudo-panel data are constructed from nine repeated cross sections of Sri Lanka's Labor Force Survey data from 1997 to 2008, for workers born during 1953-1974. The results show that for males, one extra year of education increases…

  20. Investigation of Pseudo-Active State in Z-Source Inverter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaltz, Erik; Oprea, Octavian; Larsen, Lasse

    2005-01-01

    This paper introduces a new operating state of the Z-source inverter denoted the pseudo-active state. The pseudoactive state is a state that may boost the output voltage of the Zsource inverter to a level higher than expected. The influence of the pseudo-active state is investigated and an equation...

  1. Algorithm for generation pseudo-random series with arbitrarily assigned distribution law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    В.С. Єременко

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available  Method for generation pseudo-random series with arbitrarily assigned distribution law has been proposed. The praxis of using proposed method for generation pseudo-random series with anti-modal and approximate to Gaussian distribution law has been investigated.

  2. Cryptographic pseudo-random sequences from the chaotic Hénon ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Pseudo-random number sequences are useful in many applications including Monte-Carlo simulation, spread spectrum ... a pseudo-random binary sequence from the two-dimensional chaotic Hénon map is explored. ... is the Hénon map, a two-dimensional discrete-time nonlinear dynamical system represented by the state ...

  3. A generalized Beraha conjecture for non-planar graphs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jacobsen, Jesper Lykke, E-mail: jesper.jacobsen@ens.fr [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, École Normale Supérieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris (France); Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris (France); Salas, Jesús, E-mail: jsalas@math.uc3m.es [Grupo de Modelización, Simulación Numérica y Matemática Industrial, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avda. de la Universidad, 30, 28911 Leganés (Spain); Grupo de Teorías de Campos y Física Estadística, Instituto Gregorio Millán, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Unidad Asociada al IEM–CSIC, Madrid (Spain)

    2013-10-21

    We study the partition function Z{sub G(nk,k)}(Q,v) of the Q-state Potts model on the family of (non-planar) generalized Petersen graphs G(nk,k). We study its zeros in the plane (Q,v) for 1⩽k⩽7. We also consider two specializations of Z{sub G(nk,k)}, namely the chromatic polynomial P{sub G(nk,k)}(Q) (corresponding to v=−1), and the flow polynomial Φ{sub G(nk,k)}(Q) (corresponding to v=−Q). In these two cases, we study their zeros in the complex Q-plane for 1⩽k⩽7. We pay special attention to the accumulation loci of the corresponding zeros when n→∞. We observe that the Berker–Kadanoff phase that is present in two-dimensional Potts models, also exists for non-planar recursive graphs. Their qualitative features are the same; but the main difference is that the role played by the Beraha numbers for planar graphs is now played by the non-negative integers for non-planar graphs. At these integer values of Q, there are massive eigenvalue cancellations, in the same way as the eigenvalue cancellations that happen at the Beraha numbers for planar graphs.

  4. Fluorescence based fiber optic and planar waveguide biosensors. A review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benito-Peña, Elena [Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Complutense University, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Valdés, Mayra Granda [Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of La Habana, 10400 La Habana (Cuba); Glahn-Martínez, Bettina [Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Complutense University, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Moreno-Bondi, Maria C., E-mail: mcmbondi@quim.ucm.es [Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Complutense University, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2016-11-02

    The application of optical biosensors, specifically those that use optical fibers and planar waveguides, has escalated throughout the years in many fields, including environmental analysis, food safety and clinical diagnosis. Fluorescence is, without doubt, the most popular transducer signal used in these devices because of its higher selectivity and sensitivity, but most of all due to its wide versatility. This paper focuses on the working principles and configurations of fluorescence-based fiber optic and planar waveguide biosensors and will review biological recognition elements, sensing schemes, as well as some major and recent applications, published in the last ten years. The main goal is to provide the reader a general overview of a field that requires the joint collaboration of researchers of many different areas, including chemistry, physics, biology, engineering, and material science. - Highlights: • Principles, configurations and fluorescence techniques using fiber optic and planar waveguide biosensors are discussed. • The biorecognition elements and sensing schemes used in fiber optic and planar waveguide platforms are reviewed. • Some major and recent applications of fiber optic and planar waveguide biosensors are introduced.

  5. The peeling process of infinite Boltzmann planar maps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Budd, Timothy George

    2016-01-01

    We start by studying a peeling process on finite random planar maps with faces of arbitrary degrees determined by a general weight sequence, which satisfies an admissibility criterion. The corresponding perimeter process is identified as a biased random walk, in terms of which the admissibility...... criterion has a very simple interpretation. The finite random planar maps under consideration were recently proved to possess a well-defined local limit known as the infinite Boltzmann planar map (IBPM). Inspired by recent work of Curien and Le Gall, we show that the peeling process on the IBPM can...... be obtained from the peeling process of finite random maps by conditioning the perimeter process to stay positive. The simplicity of the resulting description of the peeling process allows us to obtain the scaling limit of the associated perimeter and volume process for arbitrary regular critical weight...

  6. Composed planar Hall effect sensors with dual-mode operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladislav Mor

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available We present a composed planar Hall effect sensor with two modes of operation: (a an ON mode where the composed sensor responds to magnetic field excitations similarly to the response of a regular planar Hall effect sensor, and (b an OFF mode where the response is negligible. The composed planar Hall effect sensor switches from the OFF mode to the ON mode when it is exposed to a magnetic field which exceeds a certain threshold determined by the sensor design. The features of this sensor make it useful as a switch triggered by magnetic field and as a sensing device with memory, as its mode of operation indicates exposure to a magnetic field larger than a certain threshold without the need to be activated during the exposure itself.

  7. Organic light-emitting diodes from homoleptic square planar complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omary, Mohammad A

    2013-11-12

    Homoleptic square planar complexes [M(N.LAMBDA.N).sub.2], wherein two identical N.LAMBDA.N bidentate anionic ligands are coordinated to the M(II) metal center, including bidentate square planar complexes of triazolates, possess optical and electrical properties that make them useful for a wide variety of optical and electrical devices and applications. In particular, the complexes are useful for obtaining white or monochromatic organic light-emitting diodes ("OLEDs"). Improved white organic light emitting diode ("WOLED") designs have improved efficacy and/or color stability at high brightness in single- or two-emitter white or monochrome OLEDs that utilize homoleptic square planar complexes, including bis[3,5-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazolato]platinum(II) ("Pt(ptp).sub.2").

  8. Frontiers in Planar Lightwave Circuit Technology Design, Simulation, and Fabrication

    CERN Document Server

    Janz, Siegfried; Tanev, Stoyan

    2005-01-01

    This book is the result of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Frontiers in Planar Lightwave Circuit Technology, which took place in Ottawa, Canada from September 21-25, 2004. Many of the world’s leading experts in integrated photonic design, theory and experiment were invited to give lectures in their fields of expertise, and participate in discussions on current research and applications, as well as the new directions planar lightwave circuit technology is evolving towards. The sum of their contributions to this book constitutes an excellent record of many key issues and scientific problems in planar lightwave circuit research at the time of writing. In this volume the reader will find detailed overviews of experimental and theoretical work in high index contrast waveguide systems, micro-optical resonators, nonlinear optics, and advanced optical simulation methods, as well as articles describing emerging applications of integrated optics for medical and biological applications.

  9. Quasi-planar elemental clusters in pair interactions approximation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chkhartishvili Levan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The pair-interactions approximation, when applied to describe elemental clusters, only takes into account bonding between neighboring atoms. According to this approach, isomers of wrapped forms of 2D clusters – nanotubular and fullerene-like structures – and truly 3D clusters, are generally expected to be more stable than their quasi-planar counterparts. This is because quasi-planar clusters contain more peripheral atoms with dangling bonds and, correspondingly, fewer atoms with saturated bonds. However, the differences in coordination numbers between central and peripheral atoms lead to the polarization of bonds. The related corrections to the molar binding energy can make small, quasi-planar clusters more stable than their 2D wrapped allotropes and 3D isomers. The present work provides a general theoretical frame for studying the relative stability of small elemental clusters within the pair interactions approximation.

  10. Planar waveguide amplifiers and laser in erbium doped silica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guldberg-Kjær, Søren Andreas; Kristensen, Martin

    1999-01-01

    The objective of this work was to develop optically amplifying planar waveguides, using erbium-doped germano-silicate glass films deposited by PECVD (Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapour Deposition). The waveguides should exhibit enough gain to be useful as optical amplifiers in integrated planar...... lightwave circuits, as well as provide the gain medium for integrated planar waveguide lasers. The work and the obtained results are presented in this thesis: The manufacturing of silica thin films is described and it is shown that the refractive index o fthe films can be controlled by germanium co......-doping. the method used for co-doping thin films with erbium and aluminium is described and it is shown that the erbium concentration as well as the relative erbium/aluminium content can be controlled with good precision. The incorporated erbium ions are excited using light of 980 nm wavelength and the optical...

  11. Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in Symmetric Planar Metamaterial at THz Wavelengths

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelwaheb Ourir

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available We report the experimental observation and the evidence of the analogue of electromagnetically-induced transparency (EIT in a symmetric planar metamaterial. This effect has been obtained in the THz range thanks to a destructive Fano-interference between the two first modes of an array of multi-gap split ring resonators deposited on a silicon substrate. This structure is a planar thin film material with four-fold symmetry. Thanks to this property, a polarization-independent transmission has been achieved. The proposed metamaterial is well adapted to variety of slow-light applications in the infrared and optical range.

  12. Planar Near-Field Measurements of Ground Penetrating Radar Antennas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meincke, Peter; Hansen, Thorkild

    2004-01-01

    Planar near-field measurements are formulated for a general ground penetrating radar (GPR) antenna. A total plane-wave scattering matrix is defined for the system consisting of the GPR antenna and the planar air-soil interface. The transmitting spectrum of the GPR antenna is expressed in terms...... of measurements obtained with a buried probe as the GPR antenna moves over a scan plane on the ground. A numerical example in which the scan plane is finite validates the expressions for the spectrum of the GPR antenna....

  13. Design of planar light guide concentrators for building integrated photovoltaics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fennig, Eryn; Schmidt, Greg; Moore, Duncan T.

    2017-11-01

    There are advantages to using planar light guide (PLG) concentrators instead of Fresnel concentrators for glass building façade photovoltaic systems. This paper details the main components of a PLG concentrator and describes how the concentrator works. The design of a PLG concentrator is constrained by the limitations of the diamond turning process used to make the microlens array. These manufacturing limitations and their effects on the lens design and system performance are reviewed. We report on the design of a 25 × 100 mm planar light guide concentrator with a 50x geometric concentration and an 85.0-88.1% theoretical optical efficiency for use in building integrated photovoltaics.

  14. Planar Josephson tunnel junctions in a transverse magnetic field

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Monacoa, R.; Aarøe, Morten; Mygind, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    demagnetization effects imposed by the tunnel barrier and electrodes geometry are important. Measurements of the junction critical current versus magnetic field in planar Nb-based high-quality junctions with different geometry, size, and critical current density show that it is advantageous to use a transverse......Traditionally, since the discovery of the Josephson effect in 1962, the magnetic diffraction pattern of planar Josephson tunnel junctions has been recorded with the field applied in the plane of the junction. Here we discuss the static junction properties in a transverse magnetic field where...

  15. Geometrically induced surface polaritons in planar nanostructured metallic cavities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davids, P. S. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Intravia, F [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Dalvit, Diego A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2014-01-14

    We examine the modal structure and dispersion of periodically nanostructured planar metallic cavities within the scattering matrix formulation. By nanostructuring a metallic grating in a planar cavity, artificial surface excitations or spoof plasmon modes are induced with dispersion determined by the periodicity and geometric characteristics of the grating. These spoof surface plasmon modes are shown to give rise to new cavity polaritonic modes at short mirror separations that modify the density of modes in nanostructured cavities. The increased modal density of states form cavity polarirons have a large impact on the fluctuation induced electromagnetic forces and enhanced hear transfer at short separations.

  16. Pseudo-turbulence intensity in mono-dispersed bubbly liquids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zenit, R.; Martinez-Mercado, J.; Palacios-Morales, C. A.

    2006-11-01

    Experiments were performed to measure the mean and fluctuating velocities of both phases in a bubbly flow in a vertical column. Using water and water-glycerin mixtures, measurements were obtained for a range of Reynolds numbers from 10 to 500, corresponding to Weber numbers smaller than 2. A carefully designed bubble generator and the addition of a small amount of salt, produced a nearly mono-dispersed bubble size. Measurements of the bubble phase velocity were obtained using a dual impedance probe and through high speed digital video processing. A measurement of the fluctuating component of the liquid velocity was obtained using of a flying hotfilm technique. It was found that, for all cases, the mean bubble velocity decreases as mean gas volume fraction increases. The flow agitation, characterized by the velocity variance, both in the liquid and the bubble phases, increases with bubble concentration. Surprisingly, the pseudo-turbulent intensities are found to increase as the Reynolds number decreases. Direct comparisons with recent theoretical and computational studies for the same range of conditions will be presented.

  17. PSEUDO-LENNOX SYNDROME: CLINICAL AND ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Yu. Mukhin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pseudo-Lennox syndrome (PLS, or atypical benign partial epilepsy of childhood, is a disease from a group of age-related epileptic encephalopathies with a phenomenon of continuous spike-wave activity during slow sleep, which manifests itself as frequent polymorphic focal motor and pseudogeneralized seizures, cognitive impairments, as well as regional and diffuse epileptiform activity on electroencephalogram (EEG by the morphology identical to that of benign epileptiform patterns of childhood. The disease was first described by J. Aicardi and J. J. Chevrie in 1982, based on a study of 7 cases. Its diagnostic complexity is the polymorphism of both epileptic seizures and EEG data, as well as low awareness of the syndrome among physicians and its absence in the international classification of epilepsies. The typical triad of seizures, which occurs in nearly 100 % of patients, encompasses focal motor paroxysms (identical to those as observed in Rolandic epilepsy, atypical absences, and atonic seizures. Seizures in PLS in its active period (generally up to 7–8 years are highly resistant to antiepileptic drugs. Only a few agents have been proven to be effective in PLS; these include valproates, succinimides, benzodiazepines, topiramate, and sulthiame. The frequency of seizures are noted to increase in patients with PLS treated with drugs, such as vigabatrin, gabapentin, lamotrigine, phenobarbital, or phenytoin. The author considers in detail the history of studies of the disease, clinical manifestations, diagnostic criteria, therapeutic approaches, and prognosis.

  18. Symmetries of the pseudo-diffusion equation and related topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daboul, J.

    2017-03-01

    We show in details how to determine and identify the algebra g = {Ai} of the infinitesimal symmetry operators of the following pseudo-diffusion equation (PSDE) LQ ≡ [ {partial /{partial t} - 1/4( {{{partial ^2}}/{partial {x^2}} - 1/{{t^2}}{{partial ^2}}/{partial {p^2}}} )} ] Q( x, p, t) = 0. This equation describes the behavior of the Q functions in the ( x, p) phase space as a function of a squeeze parameter y, where t = e 2y. We illustrate how G i(λ) ≡ exp[λ A i] can be used to obtain interesting solutions. We show that one of the symmetry generators, A 4, acts in the ( x, p) plane like the Lorentz boost in ( x, t) plane. We construct the Anti-de-Sitter algebra so(3, 2) from quadratic products of 4 of the A i, which makes it the invariance algebra of the PSDE. We also discuss the unusual contraction of so(3, 1) to so(1, 1)∌ h2. We show that the spherical Bessel functions I 0( z) and K 0( z) yield solutions of the PSDE, where z is scaling and "twist" invariant.

  19. Acid-base equilibria of multilayered pseudo-polyelectrolytes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mateo, Ayeisca E.; Priefer, Ronny

    2015-11-01

    The use of weak polyelectrolytes in multilayer polymer systems provides a means of altering the physicochemical properties of these thin films. Previously, we have examined the limits of the polyanions by incorporating the pseudo-polyelectrolytes (pPE's), poly(4-vinylphenol) (PVPh) and poly[5-(2-trifluoromethyl-1,1,1-trifluoro-2-hydroxypropyl)-2-norbornene] (PNBHFA). These pPE's, although being polyacids, should have pKa values in the basic versus acidic pH range. In order to determine the pKa(app) value of these polymers, once multilayered onto Snowtex silica particles with the weak polyelectrolyte, poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH), we employed zeta potential. PVPh demonstrated pKa(app) values ranging from 10.55 to 11.08 which varied based upon assembly pH conditions as well as layer number. PAH yielded pKa(app) values ranging between 9.81 and 10.99 when multilayered with PVPh and 9.91-11.04 when partnered with PNBHFA. However, from our study it would appear that PNBHFA does not interact with PAH electrostatically, but rather via H-bonding, and therefore should actually not be classified as a pPE.

  20. Pseudo-accommodation with intraocular lenses implanted in the bag.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altan-Yaycioglu, Rana; Gözüm, Nilüfer; Gücükoglu, Ahmet

    2002-01-01

    To evaluate the accommodation potential in eyes after intraocular lens in-the-bag implantation. Fifty-one consecutive patients were included in the study. Group 1 included 26 eyes that had phacoemulsification with continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis and in-the-bag implanted foldable IOL. Twenty-five eyes in Group 2 had capsulotomy with extracapsular cataract extraction and were implanted with polymethylmethacrylate IOL. Time elapsed from surgery was at least 6 months. There was no significant difference for age or gender between groups (P > .05). We measured accommodation amplitude and depth of the anterior chamber at distance and near fixation with an ultrasonic biometry device. The results were compared using the unpaired Student t-test. The anterior chamber depths while fixating at a distant object were not significantly different between groups (P>.05), however, at near the difference was statistically significant (P=.008). The change in depths between far and near fixation was significantly different (P=.002) and was more pronounced in the the capsulorhexis group (P < .001). The accommodation amplitudes in this group were significantly greater than in the capsulotomy group (P = .025). Patients who had uncomplicated small incision phacoemulsification surgery with continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis and in-the-bag implanted lens seemed to preserve some pseudo-accommodation after surgery.

  1. The Flavor of the Composite Pseudo-Goldstone Higgs

    CERN Document Server

    Csaki, Csaba; Weiler, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    We study the flavor structure of 5D warped models that provide a dual description of a composite pseudo-Goldstone Higgs. We first carefully re-examine the flavor constraints on the mass scale of new physics in the standard Randall-Sundrum-type scenarios, and find that the KK gluon mass should generically be heavier than about 21 TeV. We then compare the flavor structure of the composite Higgs models to those in the RS model. We find new contributions to flavor violation, which while still are suppressed by the RS-GIM mechanism, will enhance the amplitudes of flavor violations. In particular, there is a kinetic mixing term among the SM fields which (although parametrically not enhanced) will make the flavor bounds even more stringent than in RS, and imply the KK gluon mass to be at least about 33 TeV. For both the RS and the composite Higgs models the flavor bounds could be stronger or weaker depending on the assumption on the value of the gluon boundary kinetic term. These strong bounds seem to imply that the...

  2. Protocols for data hiding in pseudo-random state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craver, Scott; Li, Enping; Yu, Jun

    2009-02-01

    An emerging form of steganographic communication uses ciphertext to replace the output of a random or strong pseudo-random number generator. PRNG-driven media, for example computer animated backdrops in video-conferencing channels, can then be used as a covert channel, if the PRNG bits that generated a piece of content can be estimated by the recipient. However, all bits sent over such a channel must be computationally indistinguishable from i.i.d. coin flips. Ciphertext messages and even key exchange datagrams are easily shaped to match this distribution; however, when placing these messages into a continous stream of PRNG bits, the sender is unable to provide synchronization markers, metadata, or error correction to ensure the message's location and proper decoding. In this paper we explore methods for message transmission and steganographic key exchange in such a "coin flip" channel. We establish that key exchange is generally not possible in this channel if an adversary possesses even a modest noise budget. If the warden is not vigilant in adding noise, however, communication is very simple.

  3. Properties of а pseudo-harmonic function on closed domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ірина Аркадіївна Юрчук

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Let f be a pseudo-harmonic function defined on  $k-$connected oriented closed domain D whose boundary consists of closed Jordan curves. We remind that this class of functions coincides with continuous functions which have a finitely many critical points at the interior of D each of them is saddle point and finitely many local extrema on its boundary.In this work, it is proved that closure of any component of family which is a diference between D and such connected components of level curves of critical or semiregular values of f which contain critical and boundary critical points is a closed domain having one of three types (a ring, a strip or a sector. For the first, its boundary consists of two connected components that have no common points with D and level curve at any inner point is homeomorphic to circle. As well as the second and third,  their boundaries have one connected component and their level curves at any inner point are homeomorphic to a closed segment. There is difference between a number of arcs of boundary curves. If a domain is a strip, then its boundary contains two arcs that belong either one or two different boundary curves. If a domain is a sector, then  its boundary contains one arc of some boundary curves. By author some statements used for main theorem proof  are proved.

  4. Discrete RNA libraries from pseudo-torsional space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphris-Narayanan, Elisabeth

    2012-01-01

    The discovery that RNA molecules can fold into complex structures and carry out diverse cellular roles has led to interest in developing tools for modeling RNA tertiary structure. While significant progress has been made in establishing that the RNA backbone is rotameric, few libraries of discrete conformations specifically for use in RNA modeling have been validated. Here, we present six libraries of discrete RNA conformations based on a simplified pseudo-torsional notation of the RNA backbone, comparable to phi and psi in the protein backbone. We evaluate the ability of each library to represent single nucleotide backbone conformations and we show how individual library fragments can be assembled into dinucleotides that are consistent with established RNA backbone descriptors spanning from sugar to sugar. We then use each library to build all-atom models of 20 test folds and we show how the composition of a fragment library can limit model quality. Despite the limitations inherent in using discretized libraries, we find that several hundred discrete fragments can rebuild RNA folds up to 174 nucleotides in length with atomic-level accuracy (libraries presented here could easily be incorporated into RNA structural modeling, analysis, or refinement tools. PMID:22425640

  5. Calibration of Correlation Radiometers Using Pseudo-Random Noise Signals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Pantoja

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The calibration of correlation radiometers, and particularly aperture synthesis interferometric radiometers, is a critical issue to ensure their performance. Current calibration techniques are based on the measurement of the cross-correlation of receivers’ outputs when injecting noise from a common noise source requiring a very stable distribution network. For large interferometric radiometers this centralized noise injection approach is very complex from the point of view of mass, volume and phase/amplitude equalization. Distributed noise injection techniques have been proposed as a feasible alternative, but are unable to correct for the so-called “baseline errors” associated with the particular pair of receivers forming the baseline. In this work it is proposed the use of centralized Pseudo-Random Noise (PRN signals to calibrate correlation radiometers. PRNs are sequences of symbols with a long repetition period that have a flat spectrum over a bandwidth which is determined by the symbol rate. Since their spectrum resembles that of thermal noise, they can be used to calibrate correlation radiometers. At the same time, since these sequences are deterministic, new calibration schemes can be envisaged, such as the correlation of each receiver’s output with a baseband local replica of the PRN sequence, as well as new distribution schemes of calibration signals. This work analyzes the general requirements and performance of using PRN sequences for the calibration of microwave correlation radiometers, and particularizes the study to a potential implementation in a large aperture synthesis radiometer using an optical distribution network.

  6. Calibration of correlation radiometers using pseudo-random noise signals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez, Isaac Ramos; Bosch-Lluis, Xavi; Camps, Adriano; Alvarez, Nereida Rodriguez; Hernandez, Juan Fernando Marchán; Domènech, Enric Valencia; Vernich, Carlos; de la Rosa, Sonia; Pantoja, Sebastián

    2009-01-01

    The calibration of correlation radiometers, and particularly aperture synthesis interferometric radiometers, is a critical issue to ensure their performance. Current calibration techniques are based on the measurement of the cross-correlation of receivers' outputs when injecting noise from a common noise source requiring a very stable distribution network. For large interferometric radiometers this centralized noise injection approach is very complex from the point of view of mass, volume and phase/amplitude equalization. Distributed noise injection techniques have been proposed as a feasible alternative, but are unable to correct for the so-called "baseline errors" associated with the particular pair of receivers forming the baseline. In this work it is proposed the use of centralized Pseudo-Random Noise (PRN) signals to calibrate correlation radiometers. PRNs are sequences of symbols with a long repetition period that have a flat spectrum over a bandwidth which is determined by the symbol rate. Since their spectrum resembles that of thermal noise, they can be used to calibrate correlation radiometers. At the same time, since these sequences are deterministic, new calibration schemes can be envisaged, such as the correlation of each receiver's output with a baseband local replica of the PRN sequence, as well as new distribution schemes of calibration signals. This work analyzes the general requirements and performance of using PRN sequences for the calibration of microwave correlation radiometers, and particularizes the study to a potential implementation in a large aperture synthesis radiometer using an optical distribution network.

  7. Pseudo-spin Winding Number in Hydrogenated Graphene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennaceur, Keyan; Guillemette, Jonathan; Lévesque, Pierre L.; Mahvash, Farzaneh; Proust, Cyril; Siaj, Mohamed; Martel, Richard; Gervais, Guillaume; Szkopek, Thomas

    2014-03-01

    The quantum Hall effect (QHE) has been previously observed in highly resistive hydrogenated graphene, with an estimated hydrogen coverage up to 0.1% that is sufficient to impart strongly insulating behaviour in zero magnetic field. The opening of an impurity induced gap in graphene upon hydrogenation is anticipated to break local sub-lattice symmetry, and it may thus alter the Berry phase of Shubnikov-de Haas (SdH) oscillations and lead to a different Landau level (LL) sequence. Here we report the observation of SdH oscillations in a magnetic field up to 55 Tesla in graphene samples hydrogenated to different degree. The low temperature electron mobility ranges from ~1 cm2 / V . s to ~1000 cm2 / V . s . Analysis of SdH oscillation frequency in 1/B indicates that the LL sequence remains four-fold degenerate. We also observe the ν = 2 Hall plateau in all samples. We therefore conclude that the topological part of the Berry phase, meaning the pseudo-spin winding number that determines the LL sequence, is preserved in hydrogenated graphene.

  8. Functional symptoms in clinically definite MS--pseudo-relapse syndrome.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Merwick, A

    2012-02-03

    Although the diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis (MS) have become more formalized and sensitive in the era of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning, the assessment of individual relapses may not always be straightforward or easily linked to a particular lesion seen on imaging. In addition, acute episodes often have to be assessed outside of normal working hours or when the individual patients usual medical team is not available. Often the emergency department physicians have little formal neurological training and are under time pressure to get patients through the system as quickly as possible. It is therefore possible to mislabel functional symptoms as being true relapses. To illustrate scenarios of possible pseudo-relapse, three clinical vignettes are described. Misclassification of functional symptoms as relapse carries a number of inherent risks. Functional symptoms can be multifactorial and may cause a burden of disease. A multidisciplinary approach may be useful in minimizing unnecessary harm and identify if there is more than meets the eye to an episode of clinical deterioration.

  9. Syngeneic AAV Pseudo-particles Potentiate Gene Transduction of AAV Vectors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qizhao; Dong, Biao; Pokiniewski, Katie A; Firrman, Jenni; Wu, Zhongren; Chin, Mario P S; Chen, Xiongwen; Liu, LinShu; Xu, Ruian; Diao, Yong; Xiao, Weidong

    2017-03-17

    Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors have emerged as a safe and efficient gene therapy platform. One complication is that a significant amount of empty particles have always been generated as impurities during AAV vector production. However, the effects of such particles on AAV vector performance remain unclear. Here we systemically evaluated the biological properties of three types of "empty" AAV particles: syngeneic pseudo-vectors with partial AAV genomes derived from DNA of the corresponding full particles, allogeneic pseudo-vectors with partial genomes different from the corresponding full particles, and null pseudo-vectors with no DNA inside the capsids. The syngeneic particles in excess increased the corresponding full AAV vector transgene expression both in vivo and in vitro. However, such effects were not observed with null or allogeneic particles. The observed differences among these pseudo-AAV particles may be ascribed to the syngeneic pseudo-vector DNA facilitating the complementary DNA synthesis of the corresponding full AAV particles. Our study suggests that the DNA content in the pseudo-vectors plays a key role in dictating their effects on AAV transduction. The effects of residual "empty" particles should be adequately assessed when comparing AAV vector performance. The syngeneic AAV pseudo-vectors may be used to enhance the efficacy of gene therapy.

  10. Syngeneic AAV Pseudo-particles Potentiate Gene Transduction of AAV Vectors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qizhao Wang

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Adeno-associated virus (AAV vectors have emerged as a safe and efficient gene therapy platform. One complication is that a significant amount of empty particles have always been generated as impurities during AAV vector production. However, the effects of such particles on AAV vector performance remain unclear. Here we systemically evaluated the biological properties of three types of “empty” AAV particles: syngeneic pseudo-vectors with partial AAV genomes derived from DNA of the corresponding full particles, allogeneic pseudo-vectors with partial genomes different from the corresponding full particles, and null pseudo-vectors with no DNA inside the capsids. The syngeneic particles in excess increased the corresponding full AAV vector transgene expression both in vivo and in vitro. However, such effects were not observed with null or allogeneic particles. The observed differences among these pseudo-AAV particles may be ascribed to the syngeneic pseudo-vector DNA facilitating the complementary DNA synthesis of the corresponding full AAV particles. Our study suggests that the DNA content in the pseudo-vectors plays a key role in dictating their effects on AAV transduction. The effects of residual “empty” particles should be adequately assessed when comparing AAV vector performance. The syngeneic AAV pseudo-vectors may be used to enhance the efficacy of gene therapy.

  11. Superluminal propagation of pulsed pseudo-thermal light in atomic vapor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, In-Ho; Cho, Young-Wook; Lee, Hee Jung; Kim, Yoon-Ho; Moon, Han Seb

    2010-09-13

    We report an experimental demonstration of slow and superluminal propagation of pseudo-thermal (chaotic) light in the Λ-type system of the 5S(1/2)-5P(1/2) transition of (87)Rb atom. The slowed propagation of pulsed pseudo-thermal light was demonstrated in an electromagnetically-induced transparency medium while the superluminal propagation was demonstrated with the enhanced absorption scheme where the coupling field takes the form of a standing wave.We have also demonstrated that the photon number statistics of the pseudo-thermal light is preserved for both the subluminal and superluminal cases.

  12. Winning strategies for pseudo-telepathy games using single non-local box

    OpenAIRE

    Kunkri, Samir; Kar, Guruprasad; Ghosh, Sibasish; Roy, Anirban

    2006-01-01

    Using a single NL-box, a winning strategy is given for the impossible colouring pseudo-telepathy game for the set of vectors having Kochen-Specker property in four dimension. A sufficient condition to have a winning strategy for the impossible colouring pseudo-telepathy game for general $d$-dimension, with single use of NL-box, is then described. It is also shown that the magic square pseudo-telepathy game of any size can be won by using just two ebits of entanglement -- for quantum strategy,...

  13. Management of pseudo Class III malocclusion--synergistic approach with fixed and functional appliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Amit; Tandon, Pradeep; Singh, Gyan P

    2013-01-01

    Class III malocclusion has been divided into two subtypes: skeletal and pseudo-Class III. A pseudo Class III malocclusion should be treated as early as possible to reduce the functional shift of the mandible and increase maxillary arch length. A case of pseudo-Class III malocclusion was presented here. A 11-year-old boy came with an anterior cross bite, the treatment was done with Fixed appliance (Roth prescription) and Reverse Twin block therapy. This case demonstrated that an anterior cross bite was corrected after 10 months of treatment.

  14. Optimal Design of Passive Power Filters Based on Pseudo-parallel Genetic Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Pei; Li, Hongbo; Gao, Nannan; Niu, Lin; Guo, Liangfeng; Pei, Ying; Zhang, Yanyan; Xu, Minmin; Chen, Kerui

    2017-05-01

    The economic costs together with filter efficiency are taken as targets to optimize the parameter of passive filter. Furthermore, the method of combining pseudo-parallel genetic algorithm with adaptive genetic algorithm is adopted in this paper. In the early stages pseudo-parallel genetic algorithm is introduced to increase the population diversity, and adaptive genetic algorithm is used in the late stages to reduce the workload. At the same time, the migration rate of pseudo-parallel genetic algorithm is improved to change with population diversity adaptively. Simulation results show that the filter designed by the proposed method has better filtering effect with lower economic cost, and can be used in engineering.

  15. On the method of pseudo compressibility for numerically solving incompressible flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, J. L. C.; Kwak, D.

    1984-01-01

    Pseudo compressibility is used for numerically solving incompressible flows to achieve computational efficiency. The use of pseudo compressibility results in a system of hyperbolic-type equations of motion that introduce waves of finite speed. The interactions of the wave propagation and the vorticity spreading are analyzed. A criterion governing the dependence of the pseudo compressiblity on the Reynolds number and the characteristic length of the flow geometry is obtained that allows for a proper convergence. It is demonstrated that the solution does tend to the incompressible limit. External and internal viscous flow test problems are presented to verify the theory.

  16. On Distributed Computation in Noisy Random Planar Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Kanoria, Y.; Manjunath, D.

    2007-01-01

    We consider distributed computation of functions of distributed data in random planar networks with noisy wireless links. We present a new algorithm for computation of the maximum value which is order optimal in the number of transmissions and computation time.We also adapt the histogram computation algorithm of Ying et al to make the histogram computation time optimal.

  17. Equilibrium points in the generalised photogravitational non-planar ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We generalised the photogravitational non-planar restricted three body problem by considering the smaller primary as an oblate spheroid. With both the primaries radiating, we located the equilibrium points which lie outside the orbital plane, contrary to the classical case. Besides finding the equations of motion of the ...

  18. The peeling process of infinite Boltzmann planar maps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Budd, Timothy George

    2016-01-01

    We start by studying a peeling process on finite random planar maps with faces of arbitrary degrees determined by a general weight sequence, which satisfies an admissibility criterion. The corresponding perimeter process is identified as a biased random walk, in terms of which the admissibility c...

  19. Planar electron beams in a wiggler magnet array

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2013-02-01

    Feb 1, 2013 ... Planar electron beams in a wiggler magnet array. ARTI HADAP1,∗ and K C MITTAL2. 1General Engineering Department, Terna Engineering College, Nerul, Navi Mumbai 400 706,. India. 2Accelerator and Pulsed Power Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay,. Mumbai 400 085, India. ∗.

  20. Planar Nanoneedles on-chip for intracellular measurements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Emmelkamp, Jurjen; Gardeniers, Johannes G.E.; Andersson, Helene; van den Berg, Albert

    2005-01-01

    We present for the first time a functional planar SiN-nanoneedle system for intracellular mass transport and in vivo electrophysiological measurements on-chip. Though several micro- or nanoneedles for cell research have been described in literature, no needles of this small size equipped with

  1. Homography-based grasp tracking for planar objects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carloni, Raffaella; Recatala, Gabriel; Melchiorri, Claudio; Sanz, Pedro J.; Cervera, Enric

    The visual tracking of grasp points is an essential operation for the execution of an approaching movement of a robot arm to an object: the grasp points are used as features for the definition of the control law. This work describes a strategy for tracking grasps on planar objects based on the use

  2. Optically active Babinet planar metamaterial film for terahertz polarization manipulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zalkovskij, Maksim; Malureanu, Radu; Kremers, C.

    2013-01-01

    A planar Babinet-inverted dimer metamaterial possessing strong optical activity is proposed and characterized. An original fabrication method to produce large area (up to several cm2) freely suspended flexible metallic membranes is implemented to fabricate the metamaterial. Its optical properties...

  3. Analysis and design of efficient planar leaky-wave antennas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ettore, M.

    2008-01-01

    This thesis deals with the effective design of planar leaky-wave antennas. The work describes a methodology based on the polar expansion of Green's function representations to address very different geometrical configurations which might appear to have little in common. In fact leaky waves with

  4. Recent Techniques in Design and Implementation of Microwave Planar Filters

    OpenAIRE

    P.K. Singhal; Baral, R. N.

    2008-01-01

    This paper details the techniques and initiatives made recently for improved response and simultaneous development of microwave planar filters. Although the objective of all the techniques is to design low cost filters with reduced dimensions, compact size with better frequency response, the methodological approaches are quite variant. The paper has gone through extensive analysis of all these techniques, their concept and design procedures.

  5. A QQ→QQ planar double box in canonical form

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco S. Bianchi

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available We consider a planar double box with four massive external momenta and two massive internal propagators. We derive the system of differential equations for the relevant master integrals, cast it in canonical form, write it as a dlog form and solve it in terms of iterated integrals up to depth four.

  6. Slices: A shape-proxy based on planar sections

    KAUST Repository

    McCrae, James

    2011-12-01

    Minimalist object representations or shape-proxies that spark and inspire human perception of shape remain an incompletely understood, yet powerful aspect of visual communication. We explore the use of planar sections, i.e., the contours of intersection of planes with a 3D object, for creating shape abstractions, motivated by their popularity in art and engineering. We first perform a user study to show that humans do define consistent and similar planar section proxies for common objects. Interestingly, we observe a strong correlation between user-defined planes and geometric features of objects. Further we show that the problem of finding the minimum set of planes that capture a set of 3D geometric shape features is both NP-hard and not always the proxy a user would pick. Guided by the principles inferred from our user study, we present an algorithm that progressively selects planes to maximize feature coverage, which in turn influence the selection of subsequent planes. The algorithmic framework easily incorporates various shape features, while their relative importance values are computed and validated from the user study data. We use our algorithm to compute planar slices for various objects, validate their utility towards object abstraction using a second user study, and conclude showing the potential applications of the extracted planar slice shape proxies.

  7. Panel and planar experimental shear behavior of wood panels ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Panel shear strength along the thickness and planar shear along the length of wood panels laminated softwood oriented OSB 10 mm thick, conditioned at different moisture contents (anhydrous medium, ambient temperature and humid medium) was measured on standardized test specimens, cut in half lengthwise panel ...

  8. Planar Hall effect sensor for magnetic micro- and nanobead detection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejsing, Louise Wellendorph; Hansen, Mikkel Fougt; Menon, Aric Kumaran

    2004-01-01

    Magnetic bead sensors based on the planar Hall effect in thin films of exchange-biased permalloy have been fabricated and characterized. Typical sensitivities are 3 muV/Oe mA. The sensor response to an applied magnetic field has been measured without and with coatings of commercially available 2 ...

  9. A nitrate sensitive planar optode; performance and interferences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lasse; Dechesne, Arnaud; Smets, Barth F.

    2015-01-01

    We present a newly developed nitrate sensitive planar optode. It exhibits a linear response to nitrate from 1 to 50 mM at pH 8.0, a fast response time below 10 s and a good lifetime, allowing for fast two dimensional nitrate measurements over long periods of time. Interference from nitrite...

  10. Mutual Coupling Between Identical Planar Inverted-F Antennas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thaysen, Jesper; Jakobsen, Kaj Bjarne

    2007-01-01

    Mutual coupling between two identical planar inverted-F antennas (PIFA) located on an infinite ground plane is studied numerically. Several arrangements of side-by-side, collinear, parallel-in-echelon, and orthogonal PIFA antennas with element spacing varying from 0.06λ to 1.20λ are investigated...

  11. Low-frequency noise in planar Hall effect bridge sensors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, Anders; Bejhedb, R.S.; Bejhed, R.S.

    2011-01-01

    The low-frequency characteristics of planar Hall effect bridge sensors are investigated as function of the sensor bias current and the applied magnetic field. The noise spectra reveal a Johnson-like spectrum at high frequencies, and a 1/f-like excess noise spectrum at lower frequencies, with a knee...

  12. Overview of Planar Magnetic Technology — Fundamental Properties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ouyang, Ziwei; Andersen, Michael A. E.

    2014-01-01

    The momentum towards high efficiency, high frequency, and high power density in power supplies limits wide use of conventional wire-wound magnetic components. This article gives an overview of planar magnetic technologies with respect to the development of modern power electronics. The major adva...

  13. Design Optimisation of Erbium-Doped Planar Waveguide DBR Lasers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyndgaard, Morten Glarborg; Søndergaard, Thomas; Broeng, Jes

    1999-01-01

    For an erbium-doped DBR planar waveguide laser, the impact of internal waveguide losses on the grating design have been studied using a numerical model. The results show that laser performance is strongly dependent on the modulation strength and the length of the gratings, and that there exsists...

  14. Designing large-bandwidth planar photonic crystal waveguides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lavrinenko, Andrei; Søndergaard, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    Our waveguide design is characterized by first of all a large bandwidth, and secondly it is characterized by a relatively high group velocity giving a better modal dispersion match with the modes of standard waveguides used for coupling light into the planar crystal waveguide (PCW). We consider t...

  15. Stability criteria for planar linear systems with state reset

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Polenkova, Svetlana; Polderman, Jan W.; Langerak, Romanus

    2010-01-01

    In this work we perform a stability analysis for a class of switched linear systems, modeled as hybrid automata. We deal with a switched linear planar system, modeled by a hybrid automaton with one discrete state. We assume the guard on the transition is a line in the state space and the reset map

  16. Chimera states in a population of identical oscillators under planar ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2015-01-30

    Jan 30, 2015 ... We report the existence of chimera states in an assembly of identical nonlinear oscillators that are globally linked to each other in a simple planar cross-coupled form. The rotational symmetry breaking of the coupling term appears to be responsible for the emergence of these collective states that display a ...

  17. CB7-: Experimental and Theoretical Evidence Against Hypercoordinated Planar Carbon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Leiming; Huang, Wei; Averkiev, Boris B.; Boldyrev, Alexander I.; Wang, Lai S.

    2007-06-11

    The B82– cluster was previously shown to possess a planar molecular wheel structure with a heptacoordinated boron. Substitution of one B– by C in B82– is expected to yield a closed shell CB7– molecular wheel, which has been produced experimentally in a cluster beam and probed by photoelectron spectroscopy. Ab initio calculations show that the CB7– cluster possesses an extremely stable planar C2v structure, in which the C atom substitutes a B– atom at the edge of the B82– molecular wheel, whereas the D7h structure with a heptacoordinated C is a high-lying isomer 63.2 kcal/mol (CCSD(T)/6-311+G(2df)//CCSD(T)/6-311+G*) above the global minimum. The combined experimental and ab initio study demonstrates that a heptacoordinated planar carbon in CB7– is extremely unfavorable and is not a viable candidate for experimental realization of hypercoordinated planar carbon molecules.

  18. The planar algebra associated to a Kac algebra

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    of the planar algebra associated with the subfactor corresponding to (an outer action on a factor by) a finite-dimensional Kac algebra. One of the relations shows that the antipode of the Kac algebra agrees with the `rotation on 2-boxes'.

  19. Enhanced Antenna Performances Using Planar Circularly Symmetric EBG's

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maagt, P. de; Llombart, N.; Neto, A.; Gerini, G.

    2005-01-01

    Planar circularly symmetric (PCS) electromagnetic band-gap (EBG) substrates have recently been proposed to suppress surface waves (Llombart, N. et al., 2004). The application of PCS-EBG to reduce the surface waves excited by an antenna printed on a dielectric slab is discussed. The study starts from

  20. Sacrificial wafer bonding for planarization after very deep etching

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spiering, V.L.; Spiering, Vincent L.; Berenschot, Johan W.; Elwenspoek, Michael Curt; Fluitman, J.H.J.

    A new technique is presented that provides planarization after a very deep etching step in silicon. This offers the possibility for as well resist spinning and layer patterning as realization of bridges or cantilevers across deep holes or grooves. The sacrificial wafer bonding technique contains a

  1. Decision algorithm for the stability of planar switching linear systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Daws, C.F.; Langerak, Romanus; Polderman, Jan W.

    This paper presents a decision algorithm for the analysis of the stability of a class of planar switched linear systems, modeled by hybrid automata. The dynamics in each location of the hybrid automaton is assumed to be linear and asymptotically stable; the guards on the transitions are hyper planes

  2. Quiet echo planar imaging for functional and diffusion MRI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutter, Jana; Price, Anthony N; Cordero-Grande, Lucilio; Malik, Shaihan; Ferrazzi, Giulio; Gaspar, Andreia; Hughes, Emer J; Christiaens, Daan; McCabe, Laura; Schneider, Torben; Rutherford, Mary A; Hajnal, Joseph V

    2018-03-01

    To develop a purpose-built quiet echo planar imaging capability for fetal functional and diffusion scans, for which acoustic considerations often compromise efficiency and resolution as well as angular/temporal coverage. The gradient waveforms in multiband-accelerated single-shot echo planar imaging sequences have been redesigned to minimize spectral content. This includes a sinusoidal read-out with a single fundamental frequency, a constant phase encoding gradient, overlapping smoothed CAIPIRINHA blips, and a novel strategy to merge the crushers in diffusion MRI. These changes are then tuned in conjunction with the gradient system frequency response function. Maintained image quality, SNR, and quantitative diffusion values while reducing acoustic noise up to 12 dB (A) is illustrated in two adult experiments. Fetal experiments in 10 subjects covering a range of parameters depict the adaptability and increased efficiency of quiet echo planar imaging. Purpose-built for highly efficient multiband fetal echo planar imaging studies, the presented framework reduces acoustic noise for all echo planar imaging-based sequences. Full optimization by tuning to the gradient frequency response functions allows for a maximally time-efficient scan within safe limits. This allows ambitious in-utero studies such as functional brain imaging with high spatial/temporal resolution and diffusion scans with high angular/spatial resolution to be run in a highly efficient manner at acceptable sound levels. Magn Reson Med 79:1447-1459, 2018. © 2017 The Authors Magnetic Resonance in Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes. © 2017 The Authors Magnetic Resonance in

  3. Pseudo-Patella Baja after total knee arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazemi, Seyyed Morteza; Besheli, Laleh Daftari; Eajazi, Alireza; Sajadi, Mohammad Reza Miniator; Okhovatpoor, Mohammad Ali; Zanganeh, Ramin Farhang; Minaei, Reza

    2011-01-01

    Summary Background One of the complications of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) which has not yet been directly addressed is pseudo-patella baja (PPB). True patella baja (PB) is present when the length of the patellar tendon becomes shorter. PPB is present when the patella tendon is not shortened, but the level of the joint line is elevated. This study was conducted to assess PPB in TKA. Material/Methods Sixty patients who had had a primary TKA at our center between 1995 and 2005 were included. The average follow-up was 27.5 months. The Knee Society Scoring (KSS), lateral knee x-rays and the Blackburne-Peel index were used for assessments. Results Out of the 60 patients, 43 (72%) demonstrated no joint line elevation or patellar tendon shortening (group A). Fifteen patients (25%) had joint line elevation (group B), and both PB and PPB were present in 2 (3%) patients (group C). KSS was lower in groups B and C compared with group A, but this difference was not statistically significant. The average range of motion (ROM) in group A was significantly higher compared with either group B or C, and patients in groups B and C showed significantly more severe pain compared with group A (P<0.001). Conclusions PPB is not an uncommon finding after TKA and is associated with a statistically significant decrease in ROM and an increase in pain. Furthermore, KSS in the PPB group was less than in patients without PPB, although the difference was not statistically meaningful. PMID:21525812

  4. Pseudo-Polar Fourier Transform-Based Compressed Sensing MRI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yang; Liu, Feng; Li, Mingyan; Jin, Jin; Weber, Ewald; Liu, Qinghuo; Crozier, Stuart

    2017-04-01

    The use of radial k-space trajectories has drawn strong interest from researchers for their potential in developing fast imaging methods in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Compared with conventional Cartesian trajectories, radial sampling collects more data from the central k-space region and the radially sampled data are more incoherent. These properties are very suitable for compressed sensing (CS)-based fast imaging. When reconstructing under-sampled radial data with CS, regridding and inverse-regridding are needed to transfer data between the image and frequency domains. In each CS iteration, two-dimensional interpolations are implemented twice in the regridding and inverse-regridding, introducing errors and undermining reconstruction quality. To overcome these problems, a radial-like pseudo-polar (PP) trajectory is proposed for the CS MRI applications. The PP trajectory preserves all the essential features of radial trajectory and allows an image reconstruction with PP fast Fourier transform (PPFFT) instead of interpolations. This paper attempts to investigate the performance of PP trajectory-based CS-MRI. In CS-based image reconstruction, the transformation of PP-sampled k-space data into the image domain is realized through PPFFT, which is based on the standard one-dimensional FFT and the fractional Fourier transform. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed methods, both numerical and experimental data are used to compare the new methods with conventional approaches. The proposed method provided high-quality reconstruction of the MR images with over 2-dB gain in peak signal-to-noise ratio while keeping structural similarity over 0.88 in different situations. Compared with the conventional radial sampling-based CS MRI methods, the proposed method achieves a more accurate reconstruction with respect to image detail/edge preservation and artifact suppression. The successful implementation of the PP subsampling-based CS scheme provides a practical and

  5. Pseudo-nonlinear dynamic analysis of buckled pipes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gültekin Sınır, B.

    2013-02-01

    In this study, the post-divergence behavior of fluid-conveying pipes supported at both ends is investigated using the nonlinear equations of motion. The governing equation exhibits a cubic nonlinearity arising from mid-plane stretching. Exact solutions for post-buckling configurations of pipes with fixed-fixed, fixed-hinged, and hinged-hinged boundary conditions are investigated. The pipe is stable at its original static equilibrium position until the flow velocity becomes high enough to cause a supercritical pitchfork bifurcation, and the pipe loses stability by static divergence. In the supercritical fluid velocity regime, the equilibrium configuration becomes unstable and bifurcates into multiple equilibrium positions. To investigate the vibrations that occur in the vicinity of a buckled equilibrium position, the pseudo-nonlinear vibration problem around the first buckled configuration is solved precisely using a new solution procedure. By solving the resulting eigenvalue problem, the natural frequencies and the associated mode shapes of the pipe are calculated. The dynamic stability of the post-buckling configurations obtained in this manner is investigated. The first buckled shape is a stable equilibrium position for all boundary conditions. The buckled configurations beyond the first buckling mode are unstable equilibrium positions. The natural frequencies of the lowest vibration modes around each of the first two buckled configurations are presented. Effects of the system parameters on pipe behavior as well as the possibility of a subcritical pitchfork bifurcation are also investigated. The results show that many internal resonances might be activated among the vibration modes around the same or different buckled configurations.

  6. Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome secondary to metachronous ovarian metastases from transverse colon cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyo, Kennoki; Maema, Atsushi; Shirakawa, Motoaki; Nakamura, Toshio; Koda, Kenji; Yokoyama, Hidetaro

    2016-05-14

    Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome associated with colorectal cancer is extremely rare. We report here a case of pseudo-Meigs' syndrome secondary to metachronous ovarian metastases from colon cancer. A 65-year-old female with a history of surgery for transverse colon cancer and peritoneal dissemination suffered from metachronous ovarian metastases during treatment with systemic chemotherapy. At first, neither ascites nor pleural effusion was observed, but she later complained of progressive abdominal distention and dyspnea caused by rapidly increasing ascites and pleural effusion and rapidly enlarging ovarian metastases. Abdominocenteses were repeated, and cytological examinations of the fluids were all negative for malignant cells. We suspected pseudo-Meigs' syndrome, and bilateral oophorectomies were performed after thorough informed consent. The patient's postoperative condition improved rapidly after surgery. We conclude that pseudo-Meigs' syndrome should be included in the differential diagnosis of massive or rapidly increasing ascites and pleural effusion associated with large or rapidly enlarging ovarian tumors.

  7. A model for pseudo-Dirac neutrinos: leptogenesis and ultra-high energy neutrinos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, Y.H. [Center for Theoretical Physics of the Universe, Institute for Basic Science (IBS),Daejeon, 34051 (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Sin Kyu [Insitute for Convergence Fundamental Study, School of Liberal Arts, Seoul-Tech.,Seoul, 01811 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, C.S. [Dept. of Physics and IPAP, Yonsei University,Seoul, 120-749 (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-10-18

    We propose a model where sterile neutrinos are introduced to make light neutrinos to be pseudo-Dirac particles. It is shown how tiny mass splitting necessary for realizing pseudo-Dirac neutrinos can be achieved. Within the model, we show how leptogenesis can be successfully generated. Motivated by the recent observation of very high energy neutrino events at IceCube, we study a possibility to observe the effects of the pseudo-Dirac property of neutrinos by performing astronomical-scale baseline experiments to uncover the oscillation effects of very tiny mass splitting. We also discuss future prospect to observe the effects of the pseudo-Dirac property of neutrinos at high energy neutrino experiments.

  8. Acute large bowel pseudo-obstruction due to atrophic visceral myopathy: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sean M. Wrenn

    2017-01-01

    Conclusions: Atrophic visceral neuropathy is a rare cause of intestinal pseudo-obstruction. While often presenting with chronic obstruction in younger populations, we present a rare late-onset acute presentation that may have been secondary to underlying hypothyroidism.

  9. West Coast DA Event data - West Coast Toxic Pseudo-nitzschia bloom

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Beginning in the spring of 2015 the US West Coast began to experience the most wide-spread toxic Pseudo-nitzschia bloom to date, after approximately eight years...

  10. Group Constants Generation of the Pseudo Fission Products for Fast Reactor Burnup Calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil, Choong-Sup; Kim, Do Heon; Chang, Jonghwa

    2005-05-01

    The pseudo fission products for the burnup calculations of the liquid metal fast reactor were generated. The cross-section data and fission product yield data of ENDF/B-VI were used for the pseudo fission product data of U-235, U-238, Pu-239, Pu-240, Pu-241, and Pu-242. The pseudo fission product data can be used with the KAFAX-F22 or -E66, which are the MATXS-format libraries for analyses of the liquid metal fast reactor at KAERI and were distributed through the OECD/NEA. The 80-group MATXS-format libraries of the 172 fission products were generated and the burnup chains for generation of the pseudo fission products were prepared.

  11. Phenomenology and Cosmology of an Electroweak Pseudo-Dilaton and Electroweak Baryons

    CERN Document Server

    Campbell, Bruce A; Olive, Keith A

    2012-01-01

    In many strongly-interacting models of electroweak symmetry breaking the lowest-lying observable particle is a pseudo-Goldstone boson of approximate scale symmetry, the pseudo-dilaton. Its interactions with Standard Model particles can be described using a low-energy effective nonlinear chiral Lagrangian supplemented by terms that restore approximate scale symmetry, yielding couplings of the pseudo-dilaton that differ from those of a Standard Model Higgs boson by fixed factors. We review the experimental constraints on such a pseudo-dilaton in light of new data from the LHC and elsewhere. The effective nonlinear chiral Lagrangian has Skyrmion solutions that may be identified with the `electroweak baryons' of the underlying strongly-interacting theory, whose nature may be revealed by the properties of the Skyrmions. We discuss the finite-temperature electroweak phase transition in the low-energy effective theory, finding that the possibility of a first-order electroweak phase transition is resurrected. We disc...

  12. Almost Automorphic and Pseudo-Almost Automorphic Solutions to Semilinear Evolution Equations with Nondense Domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno de Andrade

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We study the existence and uniqueness of almost automorphic (resp., pseudo-almost automorphic solutions to a first-order differential equation with linear part dominated by a Hille-Yosida type operator with nondense domain.

  13. Some Properties of Mannheim Curves in Galilean and Pseudo - Galilean space

    OpenAIRE

    Öğrenmiş, Alper Osman; Öztekin, Handan; ERGÜT, Mahmut

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work is to study the Mannheim curves in 3-dimensional Galilean and Pseudo - Galilean space. We obtain the characterizations between the curvatures and torsions of the Mannheim partner curves.

  14. Backlund transformations of curves in the Galilean and pseudo-Galilean spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Cengiz, Süleyman; Gürbüz, Nevin

    2011-01-01

    Backlund transformations of admissible curves in the Galilean 3-space and pseudo-Galilean 3-space and also spatial Backlund transformations of space curves in Galilean 4-space preserve the torsions under certain assumptions.

  15. Parallel Pseudo Arc-Length Moving Mesh Schemes for Multidimensional Detonation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jianguo Ning; Xinpeng Yuan; Tianbao Ma; Jian Li

    2017-01-01

    We have discussed the multidimensional parallel computation for pseudo arc-length moving mesh schemes, and the schemes can be used to capture the strong discontinuity for multidimensional detonations...

  16. Intelligent Design, A Young Universe, Astrology, UFO's, and More: Tackling Astronomical Pseudo-science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraknoi, A.

    2008-11-01

    During IYA educators and scientists will interact with the public in many ways. There will likely be public questions at IYA events about pseudo-scientific topics. While the particular pseudo-sciences that are in vogue change with time, these days popular astronomical pseudo-science includes creationism and intelligent design (and their denial of the age of the universe), astrology, UFO's as extra-terrestrial spaceships, selling star names, the ``face'' on Mars, the claim that the moon landings were a hoax, etc. We discuss some of the recent surveys of belief in pseudo-science and some ways to respond to questions about these topics. A separate resource guide to help answer questions about astronomical pseudoscience is also included in this volume.

  17. The technique of «Subliminal verbal suggestion for the treatment of [pseudo]obsessions»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Danilevska

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available [Pseudo]obsessions therapy in patients with endogenous diseases of schizophrenic round accompanied with difficulties, caused by both psycho etio pathogenetic features of the disease. Disadvantages of the existing methods of therapy are associated with therapeutic conflict between two nosologies. Aim: to develop and test etiopsychopathogenetic technique "Subliminal verbal suggestion for the treatment of [pseudo]obsessions" as a subsidiary method of treatment of schizophrenia patients with [pseudo] obsessions in the structure of the disease. Methods and results. 137 patients who underwent hospital treatment 65 schizophrenia patients (F20 with the [pseudo]obsessive symptoms in the structure of the disease were examined on the basis of Public Health Institution «Regional clinical mental hospital» of the Zaporizhzhian regional council. 30 patients received standard pharmacotherapy (antipsychotic drugs according to clinical protocols that was combined with proposed technique "Subliminal verbal suggestion for the treatment of [pseudo]obsessions". The comparison group consisted of 35 patients treated with the use of standard pharmacotherapy: antipsychotic drugs. The next methods were used: medical history assessment, follow-up, clinical-psychopathological, psychodiagnostic. "Subliminal verbal suggestion for the treatment of [pseudo]obsessions" technique was developed. This technique is a combination of suggestion in the waking state and neurolinguistic programming, implemented with specially compiled auditory complex listening. The main therapeutic component s realized through the subthreshold perception of the verbal formulas that are unavailable to awareness. The technique consists of two components – primary and secondary, and three stages. The methodology was tested, its therapeutic efficacy was confirmed. Conclusion. "Subliminal verbal suggestion for the treatment of [pseudo]obsessions" technique was developed as a subsidiary method of the

  18. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction in an infant after retroperitoneal pyeloplasty successfully treated with rectal irrigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayman Al-Jazaeri

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is frequently observed in adults but is rarely seen in children. The illness has never been reported in infants, who might differ in their reaction to the acute bowel distension and their response to the available management options. This report describes the presentation of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction in an infant after retroperitoneal pyeloplasty and its successful treatment with rectal irrigation.

  19. Large conjugacy classes, projective Fraisse limits, and the pseudo-arc

    OpenAIRE

    Kwiatkowska, Aleksandra

    2012-01-01

    We show that the automorphism group, Aut(L), of a projective Fraisse limit L, whose natural quotient is the pseudo-arc, has a comeager conjugacy class. This generalizes an unpublished result of Oppenheim that Aut(L) (and consequently, the group of all homeomorphisms of the pseudo-arc) has a dense conjugacy class. We also present a simple proof of the result of Oppenheim.

  20. Parallel Pseudo Arc-Length Moving Mesh Schemes for Multidimensional Detonation

    OpenAIRE

    Jianguo Ning; Xinpeng Yuan; Tianbao Ma; Jian Li

    2017-01-01

    We have discussed the multidimensional parallel computation for pseudo arc-length moving mesh schemes, and the schemes can be used to capture the strong discontinuity for multidimensional detonations. Different from the traditional Euler numerical schemes, the problems of parallel schemes for pseudo arc-length moving mesh schemes include diagonal processor communications and mesh point communications, which are illustrated by the schematic diagram and key pseudocodes. Finally, the numerical e...

  1. Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Did you search for lysosomal storage diseases?

    OpenAIRE

    Politei, J.; Durand, C; Schenone, A.B.; Torres, A.; Mukdsi, J.; Thurberg, B.L.

    2017-01-01

    Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction results in clinical manifestations that resemble intestinal obstruction but in the absence of any physical obstructive process. Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease characterized by the dysfunction of multiple systems, including significant gastrointestinal involvement. We report the occurrence of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in two unrelated patients with Fabry disease and the possible explanation of a direct relation of these ...

  2. Cytological Studies on Narcissus  -Ⅱ.Karyotype of Narcissus pseudo-narcissus-

    OpenAIRE

    HIRAHARA,Sachiye

    1984-01-01

    Karyotype analysis was made on Narcissus pseudo-narcissus. It was found that the chromosome number is 2n=14 and composed of 12 large and 2 small chromosomes. The 12 large chromosomes could be grouped into five homogeneous pairs and one heterogeneous pair,and the 2 small chromosomes were observed to be heterogeneous. Therefore,four heterogeneous chromosomes were found in N. pseudo-narcissus.

  3. Comparison of planar and tomographic thallium scintigraphy in patients with coronary artery disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stone, D.L.; Weiss, A.T.; Snyder, S.H.; Yaffe, S.; Gotsman, M.S.; Atlan, H.

    1989-05-01

    Planar and tomographic scans from 57 patients are compared and related to coronary arteriographic results. Tomography identified inferior and septal defects not seen on planar imaging. Planar imaging better identified apical defects. Lesions of the left circumflex were poorly defined by both techniques.

  4. The number of colorings of planar graphs with no separating triangles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Carsten

    2017-01-01

    A classical result of Birkhoff and Lewis implies that every planar graph with . n vertices has at least . 152n-1 distinct 5-vertex-colorings. Equality holds for planar triangulations with . n-4 separating triangles. We show that, if a planar graph has no separating triangle, then it has at least ...

  5. In vitro quantification of the performance of model-based mono-planar and bi-planar fluoroscopy for 3D joint kinematics estimation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tersi, Luca; Barré, Arnaud; Fantozzi, Silvia; Stagni, Rita

    2013-03-01

    Model-based mono-planar and bi-planar 3D fluoroscopy methods can quantify intact joints kinematics with performance/cost trade-off. The aim of this study was to compare the performances of mono- and bi-planar setups to a marker-based gold-standard, during dynamic phantom knee acquisitions. Absolute pose errors for in-plane parameters were lower than 0.6 mm or 0.6° for both mono- and bi-planar setups. Mono-planar setups resulted critical in quantifying the out-of-plane translation (error joint angles and translations differently depending on the alignment of the anatomical axes and the fluoroscopic reference frames. Internal-external rotation was the least accurate angle both with mono- (error joint inside the visible volume introducing constraints with respect to mono-planar analysis.

  6. The BDS Triple Frequency Pseudo-range Correlated Stochastic Model of Single Station Modeling Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HUANG Lingyong

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to provide a reliable pseudo-range stochastic model, a method is studied to estimate the BDS triple-frequency pseudo-range related stochastic model based on three BDS triple-frequency pseudo-range minus carrier (GIF combinations using the data of a single station. In this algorithm, the low order polynomial fitting method is used to fit the GIF combination in order to eliminate the error and other constants except non pseudo noise at first. And then, multiple linear regression analysis method is used to model the stochastic function of three linearly independent GIF combinations. Finally the related stochastic model of the original BDS triple-frequency pseudo-range observations is obtained by linear transformation. The BDS triple-frequency data verification results show that this algorithm can get a single station related stochastic model of BDS triple-frequency pseudo-range observation, and it is advantageous to provide accurate stochastic model for navigation and positioning and integrity monitoring.

  7. Research of smoothing pseudo-range algorithm by Doppler based on GPS/BD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Chuanli; Zhou, Yanliu

    2015-12-01

    GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) technology not only in the general field of surveying and mapping, geology, mining, water and electricity, and in particular in the field of public security, fire protection, tourism, search and rescue, adventure have been more widely used. These special areas require real-time and high positioning accuracy. Currently, GNSS precision positioning technology has become a hot research direction. This paper introduced an algorithm of smoothing pseudo range by Doppler based GPS/BD to improve GNSS positioning precision. This algorithm decoded the pseudo range data and ephemeris data, and then designed algorithm of smoothing pseudo range by Doppler according principle of Doppler smoothing pseudo range. This algorithm was realized by C++ and proved its efficiency. At last, this algorithm has proved its correctness through calculating and analyzing practical Doppler and pseudo range data, and then a conclusion has been obtained: the Doppler value precision is sub-meter, far better than the pseudo-range accuracy, so that if the two data are combined to calculate position that can help to improve the positioning accuracy.

  8. Superselective pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen-Kondering, Ulf [Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel (Germany); Lindner, Thomas, E-mail: thomas.lindner@uksh.de [Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel (Germany); Osch, Matthias J.P. van [C. J. Gorter Center for High Field MRI, Department of Radiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden (Netherlands); Rohr, Axel; Jansen, Olav [Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel (Germany); Helle, Michael [Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel (Germany); Now with Philips GmbH Innovative Technologies, Research Laboratories, Hamburg (Germany)

    2015-09-15

    Highlights: • Superselective arterial spin labeling was capable of acquiring angiograms of individually selected arteries. • Image quality was similar compared with a routinely used time-of-flight angiography. • Superselective arterial spin labeling was utilized in patients with arterio-venous malformations and made it possible to visualize individual feeding vessels in a complete non-invasive way - Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate the utility of a novel non-contrast enhanced, vessel-selective magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) approach based on superselective pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (ASL) for the morphologic assessment of intracranial arteries when compared to a clinically used time-of-flight (TOF) MRA. Materials and methods: Three sets of selective ASL angiographies (right and left internal carotid artery, basilar artery) as well as one TOF data set were obtained from each of the five volunteers included in this study on a clinical 1.5T system. The depiction of arterial segments as well as their delineation was evaluated and independently analyzed by two radiologists. Additionally, the ASL angiography approach was performed in two patients suffering from arterio-venous malformations (AVM) in order to illustrate potential applications in a clinical setting. Results: In both angiography techniques, intracranial arteries and their segments (distal branches up to A5 segments of the anterior cerebral arteries, M8 segments of the middle cerebral arteries, and P5 segments of the posterior cerebral arteries) were continuously depicted with excellent inter-reader agreement (κ > 0.81). In AVM patients, reconstructed images of the TOF angiography presented similar information about the size and shape of the AVM as did superselective ASL angiography. In addition, the acquired ASL angiograms of selected vessels allowed assessing the blood supply of individually labeled arteries to the AVM which could also be confirmed by digital subtraction angiography

  9. Unsustaineble pseudo-urban consequences of legal and urban terminology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćerimović Velimir Lj.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available City planning is a complex task and through this work we face the space and natural resources that expose the exploitation (that are to be exploited and prone to unsustainable change. Often without environmental responsibility and the imperative of creating certain measures we make superstructure no matter how much the environment may be disrupted, and whether such relationships create a better society, better network of urban settlements and a better man. At that may also affect our knowledge which is often due to a variety of doctrines and legislative regulations that are applied in the planning and management space. From this it can be seen that modern architecture did not contribute to the creation of better cities. Also, urban planning is mainly restricted to the regulation and it neglected the creative action, regional-planning is lost in theoretical research, while the consideration of the whole problem is abandoned. In addition to this, in today’s transitional terms and the domineering (dominant urban crisis unsustainable combination and identification of the “2D” and the “3D” terminology is recognizable, which is only indicators that in the field of urban planning some transitional trends are prevailing. This unsustainable state of affairs in the transitional planning of urban areas can be applied in the most suitable way to pseudo-urbanization, sub-urbanization, unbalanced eco-reciprocity, non-standard construction of the urban tissue, discontinuity inherited and newly constructed urban substance. In this regard, consequently expressed negative environmental legacy of reproduction and the increased effect of the negative consequences of greenhouse gases from the threatening climate change, only shows that urban planners are not sinless and, they more or less (unconsciously complicit and participate in the contamination of urban and environment. In the end, it definitely guides us to the need to leave or transformation of the

  10. Pseudo-aneurisma post-traumático de tronco de arteria coronaria izquierda Post-traumatic false (pseudo aneurysm of the left main coronary artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melina M. Gallo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available El pseudo-aneurisma de arteria coronaria es extremadamente raro. Su historia natural es poco conocida y su tratamiento discutido. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con pseudo-aneurisma de tronco de la coronaria izquierda e infarto antero-apical del ventrículo izquierdo cinco años después de un paro cardíaco secundario a un traumatismo no penetrante de tórax. Se consideró entonces que la lesión no era pasible de corrección percutánea o quirúrgica por lo que se optó por tratamiento médico conservador. Una angiografía coronaria por tomografía computarizada multicorte realizada 10 años después del evento inicial mostró ausencia de progresión de la lesión.Coronary pseudo-aneurysm is an extremely rare entity. Its natural history is scarcely known and its treatment is controversial. We report a case of pseudo-aneurysm of the left main coronary artery associated with an antero-apical infarct of the left ventricle diagnosed five years after a cardiac arrest following a non-penetrating thoracic trauma. The patient was treated conservatively because percutaneous or surgical correction were not considered suitable for this lesion. A multidetector computed tomography coronary angiogram performed 10 years after the initial event showed no evidence of progression.

  11. I/O-Efficient Dynamic Planar Range Skyline Queries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kejlberg-Rasmussen, Casper; Tsakalidis, Konstantinos; Tsichlas, Kostas

    We present the first fully dynamic worst case I/O-efficient data structures that support planar orthogonal \\textit{3-sided range skyline reporting queries} in $\\bigO (\\log_{2B^\\epsilon} n + \\frac{t}{B^{1-\\epsilon}})$ I/Os and updates in $\\bigO (\\log_{2B^\\epsilon} n)$ I/Os, using $\\bigO (\\frac....../Os, and in $\\bigO(1/B)$ amortized I/Os given that a constant number of blocks is already loaded in main memory. Finally, we show that any pointer-based static data structure that supports \\textit{dominated maxima reporting queries}, namely the difficult special case of 4-sided skyline queries, in $\\big......O(\\log^{\\bigO(1)}n +t)$ worst case time must occupy $\\Omega(n \\frac{\\log n}{\\log \\log n})$ space, by adapting a similar lower bounding argument for planar 4-sided range reporting queries....

  12. An Electronically Controlled 8-Element Switched Beam Planar Array

    KAUST Repository

    Sharawi, Mohammad S.

    2015-02-24

    An 8-element planar antenna array with electronically controlled switchable-beam pattern is proposed. The planar antenna array consists of patch elements and operates in the 2.45 GHz ISM band. The array is integrated with a digitally controlled feed network that provides the required phases to generate 8 fixed beams covering most of the upper hemisphere of the array. Unlike typical switchable beam antenna arrays, which operate only in one plane, the proposed design is the first to provide full 3D switchable beams with simple control. Only a 3-bit digital word is required for the generation of the 8 different beams. The integrated array is designed on a 3-layer PCB on a Taconic substrate (RF60A). The total dimensions of the fabricated array are 187.1 × 261.3 × 1.3mm3.

  13. Planar Reachability in Linear Space and Constant Time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jacob; Rotenberg, Eva; Thorup, Mikkel

    2015-01-01

    We show how to represent a planar digraph in linear space so that reach ability queries can be answered in constant time. The data structure can be constructed in linear time. This representation of reach ability is thus optimal in both time and space, and has optimal construction time. The previ......We show how to represent a planar digraph in linear space so that reach ability queries can be answered in constant time. The data structure can be constructed in linear time. This representation of reach ability is thus optimal in both time and space, and has optimal construction time....... The previous best solution used O(n log n) space for constant query time [Thorup FOCS'01]....

  14. Planar Bragg Grating Sensors—Fabrication and Applications: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. J. G. Sparrow

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We discuss the background and technology of planar Bragg grating sensors, reviewing their development and describing the latest developments. The physical operating principles are discussed, relating device operation to user requirements. Recent performance of such devices includes a planar Bragg grating sensor design which allows refractive index resolution of 1.9×10−6 RIU and temperature resolution of 0.03∘C. This sensor design is incorporated into industrialised applications allowing the sensor to be used for real time sensing in intrinsically safe, high-pressure pipelines, or for insertion probe applications such as fermentation. Initial data demonstrating the ability to identify solvents and monitor long term industrial processes is presented. A brief review of the technology used to fabricate the sensors is given along with examples of the flexibility afforded by the technique.

  15. Existence of Nonsteady Planar Ideal Flows in Anisotropic Plasticity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandrov, S.; Pirumov, A.; Date, P. P.

    2017-12-01

    Ideal plastic flows are those for which all material elements follow minimum work paths. The general equations for steady and nonsteady planar ideal flows in Tresca solids have been given elsewhere. The present paper focuses on nonsteady planar ideal flows in anisotropic plasticity. In particular, the existence of such flows is proven under a certain assumption concerning the orientation of principal stress trajectories at the initial instant. It is also shown that the system of kinematic equations is hyperbolic. This system can be treated separately from the stress equations. The original ideal flow theory is widely used as the basis for inverse methods for the preliminary design of metal forming processes driven by minimum plastic work. The new theory extends this area of application to anisotropic materials.

  16. Broadband planar multilayered absorbers tuned by VO2 phase transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Hao; Ji, Chunhui; Lu, Lulu; Li, Zhe; Li, Haoyang; Wang, Jun; Wu, Zhiming; Jiang, Yadong; Xu, Jimmy; Liu, Zhijun

    2017-08-01

    The metal-insulator transition makes vanadium dioxide an attractive material for developing reconfigurable optoelectronic components. Here we report on dynamically tunable broadband absorbers consisting of planar multilayered thin films. By thermally triggering the phase transition of vanadium dioxide, the effective impedance of multilayered structures is tuned in or out of the condition of impedance matching to free-space, leading to switchable broadband absorptions. Two types of absorbers are designed and demonstrated by using either the insulating or metallic state of vanadium dioxide at the impedance matched condition. The planar multilayered absorbers exhibit tunable absorption bands over the wavelength ranges of 5-9.3 μm and 3.9-8.2 μm, respectively. A large modulation depth up to 88% is measured. The demonstrated broadband absorbance tunability is of potential interest for reconfigurable bolometric sensing, camouflaging, and modulation of mid-infrared lights.

  17. Perovskite-fullerene hybrid materials suppress hysteresis in planar diodes.

    KAUST Repository

    Xu, Jixian

    2015-05-08

    Solution-processed planar perovskite devices are highly desirable in a wide variety of optoelectronic applications; however, they are prone to hysteresis and current instabilities. Here we report the first perovskite-PCBM hybrid solid with significantly reduced hysteresis and recombination loss achieved in a single step. This new material displays an efficient electrically coupled microstructure: PCBM is homogeneously distributed throughout the film at perovskite grain boundaries. The PCBM passivates the key PbI3(-) antisite defects during the perovskite self-assembly, as revealed by theory and experiment. Photoluminescence transient spectroscopy proves that the PCBM phase promotes electron extraction. We showcase this mixed material in planar solar cells that feature low hysteresis and enhanced photovoltage. Using conductive AFM studies, we reveal the memristive properties of perovskite films. We close by positing that PCBM, by tying up both halide-rich antisites and unincorporated halides, reduces electric field-induced anion migration that may give rise to hysteresis and unstable diode behaviour.

  18. Performance of planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells under light concentration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaesha Alnuaimi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we present 2D simulation of planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells under high concentration using physics-based TCAD. The performance of planar perovskite heterojunction solar cells is examined up to 1000 suns. We analyze the effect of HTM mobility and band structure, surface recombination velocities at interfaces and the effect of series resistance under concentrated light. The simulation results revealed that the low mobility of HTM material limits the improvement in power conversation efficiency of perovskite solar cells under concentration. In addition, large band offset at perovskite/HTM interface contributes to the high series resistance. Moreover, losses due to high surface recombination at interfaces and the high series resistance deteriorate significantly the performance of perovskite solar cells under concentration.

  19. Planar-integrated single-crystalline perovskite photodetectors

    KAUST Repository

    Saidaminov, Makhsud I.

    2015-11-09

    Hybrid perovskites are promising semiconductors for optoelectronic applications. However, they suffer from morphological disorder that limits their optoelectronic properties and, ultimately, device performance. Recently, perovskite single crystals have been shown to overcome this problem and exhibit impressive improvements: low trap density, low intrinsic carrier concentration, high mobility, and long diffusion length that outperform perovskite-based thin films. These characteristics make the material ideal for realizing photodetection that is simultaneously fast and sensitive; unfortunately, these macroscopic single crystals cannot be grown on a planar substrate, curtailing their potential for optoelectronic integration. Here we produce large-area planar-integrated films made up of large perovskite single crystals. These crystalline films exhibit mobility and diffusion length comparable with those of single crystals. Using this technique, we produced a high-performance light detector showing high gain (above 104 electrons per photon) and high gain-bandwidth product (above 108 Hz) relative to other perovskite-based optical sensors.

  20. Solution deposition planarization of long-length flexible substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheehan, Chris; Jung, Yehyun; Holesinger, Terry; Feldmann, D. Matthew; Edney, Cynthia; Ihlefeld, Jon F.; Clem, Paul G.; Matias, Vladimir

    2011-02-01

    Solution deposition planarization (SDP) is studied for preparing smooth flexible substrates in multimeter lengths. We demonstrate 0.5 nm rms surface roughness starting from unpolished metal tapes and a correlation of substrate roughness with the texture of subsequent ion-beam aligned films. Surface roughness reduction in SDP is modeled via film shrinkage during solution deposition and a residual roughness based on film thickness. Use of solution deposited a-Y2O3 to planarize substrates prior to ion-beam textured MgO growth shows an in-plane texture of MgO down to 4°. Utilizing these templates, we demonstrated superconducting YBa2Cu3Oy coated conductors with critical current densities of 2.8-4.0 MA/cm2 at 75 K.

  1. Comparison of Planar Fractal Filters on Defected Ground Substrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Kufa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses approaches to the reduction of dimensions of planar filters (microstrip ones and coplanar ones. Filter dimensions are reduced by applying the fractal theory to the geometry of a filter, and by the defecting of the ground plane of a filter. An optimum combination of both approaches enables us to reach smaller dimensions of planar filters and protect other parameters. In order to demonstrate advantages of the fractal defected ground approach, we review the designs of existing low-pass filters with defected ground structures (DGS. Results produced by simulations of these filters are compared with results of simulations of a novel fractal DGS filter. The investigated filters are manufactured and measured.

  2. Planar Hall effect sensor with magnetostatic compensation layer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalslet, Bjarke Thomas; Donolato, Marco; Hansen, Mikkel Fougt

    2012-01-01

    Demagnetization effects in cross-shaped planar Hall effect sensors cause inhomogeneous film magnetization and a hysteretic sensor response. Furthermore, when using sensors for detection of magnetic beads, the magnetostatic field from the sensor edges attracts and holds magnetic beads near the sen...... flow 60 times smaller than a flow that failed to remove beads from an uncompensated sensor.......Demagnetization effects in cross-shaped planar Hall effect sensors cause inhomogeneous film magnetization and a hysteretic sensor response. Furthermore, when using sensors for detection of magnetic beads, the magnetostatic field from the sensor edges attracts and holds magnetic beads near...... the sensor edges causing inhomogeneous and non-specific binding of the beads. We show theoretically that adding a compensation magnetic stack beneath the sensor stack and exchange-biasing it antiparallel to the sensor stack, the magnetostatic field is minimized. We show experimentally that the compensation...

  3. Planar resonator and integrated oscillator using magnetostatic waves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinoshita, Y; Kubota, S; Takeda, S; Nakagoshi, A

    1990-01-01

    A simple planar resonator using a magnetostatic wave (MSW) excited by aluminum finger electrodes with two bonding pads was realized on YIG/GGG (yttrium-iron-garnet film on a gadolinium-gallium-garnet crystal) substrate with two reflection edges. The tunable MSW resonator chip (2 mmx5 mm) exhibited a sharp notch filter response, as deep as 20-35 dB, and a high loaded Q up to 2000, which was tunable over the microwave frequency range from 2 to 4 GHz. A small tunable oscillator (8 cm(3)) was experimentally demonstrated using the MSW planar resonator and a silicon bipolar transistor integrated on a ceramic microwave circuit substrate. Microwave oscillation with spectral purity, at the same level as that of YIG sphere technology, was observed at 3 GHz. The experimental results indicate the technical areas where improvement must be made to realize a practical oscillator configuration.

  4. Planar Pixel Sensors for the ATLAS Upgrade: Beam Tests results

    CERN Document Server

    Weingarten, J

    2012-01-01

    The performance of planar silicon pixel sensors, in development for the ATLAS Insertable B-Layer and High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) upgrades, has been examined in a series of beam tests at the CERN SPS facilities since 2009. Salient results are reported on the key parameters, including the spatial resolution, the charge collection and the charge sharing between adjacent cells, for different bulk materials and sensor geometries. Measurements are presented for n+-in-n pixel sensors irradiated with a range of fluences and for p-type silicon sensors with various layouts from different vendors. All tested sensors were connected via bump-bonding to the ATLAS Pixel read-out chip. The tests reveal that both n-type and p-type planar sensors are able to collect significant charge even after the lifetime fluence expected at the HL-LHC.

  5. High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Jared S.; Grede, Alex J.; Wang, Baomin; Lipski, Michael V.; Fisher, Brent; Lee, Kyu-Tae; He, Junwen; Brulo, Gregory S.; Ma, Xiaokun; Burroughs, Scott; Rahn, Christopher D.; Nuzzo, Ralph G.; Rogers, John A.; Giebink, Noel C.

    2017-08-01

    Prospects for concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) power are growing as the market increasingly values high power conversion efficiency to leverage now-dominant balance of system and soft costs. This trend is particularly acute for rooftop photovoltaic power, where delivering the high efficiency of traditional CPV in the form factor of a standard rooftop photovoltaic panel could be transformative. Here, we demonstrate a fully automated planar microtracking CPV system solar cell at >660× concentration ratio over a 140∘ full field of view. In outdoor testing over the course of two sunny days, the system operates automatically from sunrise to sunset, outperforming a 17%-efficient commercial silicon solar cell by generating >50% more energy per unit area per day in a direct head-to-head competition. These results support the technical feasibility of planar microtracking CPV to deliver a step change in the efficiency of rooftop solar panels at a commercially relevant concentration ratio.

  6. Universal hydrodynamic flow in holographic planar shock collisions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chesler, Paul M. [Department of Physics, Harvard University,Cambridge MA 02138 (United States); Kilbertus, Niki [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Regensburg,D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Schee, Wilke van der [Center for Theoretical Physics, MIT,Cambridge MA 02139 (United States)

    2015-11-20

    We study the collision of planar shock waves in AdS{sub 5} as a function of shock profile. In the dual field theory the shock waves describe planar sheets of energy whose collision results in the formation of a plasma which behaves hydrodynamically at late times. We find that the post-collision stress tensor near the light cone exhibits transient non-universal behavior which depends on both the shock width and the precise functional form of the shock profile. However, over a large range of shock widths, including those which yield qualitative different behavior near the future light cone, and for different shock profiles, we find universal behavior in the subsequent hydrodynamic evolution. Additionally, we compute the rapidity distribution of produced particles and find it to be well described by a Gaussian.

  7. Planar LTCC transformers for high voltage flyback converters: Part II.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schofield, Daryl (NASCENTechnology, Inc., Watertown, SD); Schare, Joshua M., Ph.D.; Slama, George (NASCENTechnology, Inc., Watertown, SD); Abel, David (NASCENTechnology, Inc., Watertown, SD)

    2009-02-01

    This paper is a continuation of the work presented in SAND2007-2591 'Planar LTCC Transformers for High Voltage Flyback Converters'. The designs in that SAND report were all based on a ferrite tape/dielectric paste system originally developed by NASCENTechnoloy, Inc, who collaborated in the design and manufacturing of the planar LTCC flyback converters. The output/volume requirements were targeted to DoD application for hard target/mini fuzing at around 1500 V for reasonable primary peak currents. High voltages could be obtained but with considerable higher current. Work had begun on higher voltage systems and is where this report begins. Limits in material properties and processing capabilities show that the state-of-the-art has limited our practical output voltage from such a small part volume. In other words, the technology is currently limited within the allowable funding and interest.

  8. Fluorescence based fiber optic and planar waveguide biosensors. A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benito-Peña, Elena; Valdés, Mayra Granda; Glahn-Martínez, Bettina; Moreno-Bondi, Maria C

    2016-11-02

    The application of optical biosensors, specifically those that use optical fibers and planar waveguides, has escalated throughout the years in many fields, including environmental analysis, food safety and clinical diagnosis. Fluorescence is, without doubt, the most popular transducer signal used in these devices because of its higher selectivity and sensitivity, but most of all due to its wide versatility. This paper focuses on the working principles and configurations of fluorescence-based fiber optic and planar waveguide biosensors and will review biological recognition elements, sensing schemes, as well as some major and recent applications, published in the last ten years. The main goal is to provide the reader a general overview of a field that requires the joint collaboration of researchers of many different areas, including chemistry, physics, biology, engineering, and material science. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Planar optical correlators integrated with binary optical lens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Ping; Hong, Chunquan; Cheng, Guanxiao; Zhou, Liang; Sun, Zhilong

    2015-03-09

    Planar optical correlators (POCs) can achieve smaller volume of optical system and hence have important applications to identify dynamic targets in complex scenarios. POCs, however, generally have serious astigmatism and optical efficiency loss introduced by its refractive lens with a zigzag optical beam. To conquer the disadvantages of POCs, we propose a type of binary optical planar-integrated optical correlator. The correlator incorporates two pieces of reflective binary optical lens as Fourier transform lens and one spatial light modulator as a programmable filter. The off-axis aberrations commonly occurred in POCs can be corrected by using reflective binary optical lens instead of refractive lens. As a model of hybrid numerical-optical correlator using optoelectronic interface, the proposal is helpful to improve the integration and flexibility and robustness of POCs.

  10. Planar waveguides and other confined geometries theory, technology, production, and novel applications

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive overview of the theoretical concepts and experimental applications of planar waveguides and other confined geometries, such as optical fibres. Covering a broad array of advanced topics, it begins with a sophisticated discussion of planar waveguide theory, and covers subjects including efficient production of planar waveguides, materials selection, nonlinear effects, and applications including species analytics down to single-molecule identification, and thermo-optical switching using planar waveguides. Written by specialists in the techniques and applications covered, this book will be a useful resource for advanced graduate students and researchers studying planar waveguides and optical fibers.

  11. Recent Techniques in Design and Implementation of Microwave Planar Filters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. K. Singhal

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper details the techniques and initiatives made recently for improved response and simultaneous development of microwave planar filters. Although the objective of all the techniques is to design low cost filters with reduced dimensions, compact size with better frequency response, the methodological approaches are quite variant. The paper has gone through extensive analysis of all these techniques, their concept and design procedures.

  12. Circular dichroism induced by Fano resonances in planar chiral oligomers

    CERN Document Server

    Hopkins, Ben; Miroshnichenko, Andrey E; Kivshar, Yuri S

    2016-01-01

    We present a general theory of circular dichroism induced in planar chiral nanostructures with rotational symmetry. It is demonstrated, analytically, that the handedness of the incident field's polarization can control whether a nanostructure induces either absorption or scattering losses, even when the total loss (extinction) is polarization-independent. We then show that this effect is a consequence of modal interference so that strong circular dichroism in absorption and scattering can be engineered by combining Fano resonances with chiral nanoparticle clusters.

  13. Spin-transfer oscillators in the effective planar approximation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazaliy, Ya. B.

    2011-03-01

    Spintronic devices with dominating easy plane anisotropy can be described in an effective planar approximation of the LLG equation. In particular, the effective equation can be used to study the spin-transfer oscillators. We use this approach to study the transitions of the oscillator excited by a combination of an AC and a DC electric currents between the small and large amplitude regimes. Supported by NSF DMR-0847159.

  14. Preparation and characterization of highly planar flexible silver crystal belts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varade, Dharmesh; Haraguchi, Kazutoshi

    2014-01-21

    We report a novel simple one-pot strategy for fabricating pure and highly planar silver (Ag) crystal belts. Unique single-crystal Ag belts (high width-to-thickness ratio ~50) were successfully synthesized in high yield (80 wt%) by reducing AgNO3 using N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (TEMED) as a reducing and a structure-determining agent in the presence of polyethylene glycol (PEG) under mild conditions.

  15. Optical sensor in planar configuration based on multimode interference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blahut, Marek

    2017-08-01

    In the paper a numerical analysis of optical sensors based on multimode interference in planar one-dimensional step-index configuration is presented. The structure consists in single-mode input and output waveguides and multimode waveguide which guide only few modes. Material parameters discussed refer to a SU8 polymer waveguide on SiO2 substrate. The optical system described will be designed to the analysis of biological substances.

  16. Fiber Optic Magnetometers Using Planar And Cylindrical Magnetostrictive Transducers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucholtz, F.; Yurek, A. M.; Koo, K. P.; Dandridge, A.

    1987-04-01

    Fiber optic magnetometers which require high sensitivity at low frequencies (dc-10 Hz) rely on the nonlinear magnetostriction of materials such as amorphous metallic glass alloys. Typically, fiber is bonded to a magnetostrictive sample to convert strain in the sample to phase shift in a fiber interferometer. We present the results of measurements of the frequency dependence and dc and ac magnetic field sensitivity of both planar and cylindrical transducing elements, and discuss the practical advantages and disadvan-tages of each configuration.

  17. Array of planar membrane modules for producing hydrogen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vencill, Thomas R [Albuquerque, NM; Chellappa, Anand S [Albuquerque, NM; Rathod, Shailendra B [Hillsboro, OR

    2012-05-08

    A shared or common environment membrane reactor containing a plurality of planar membrane modules with top and bottom thin foil membranes supported by both an intermediary porous support plate and a central base which has both solid extended members and hollow regions or a hollow region whereby the two sides of the base are in fluid communication. The membrane reactor operates at elevate temperatures for generating hydrogen from hydrogen rich feed fuels.

  18. PLANAR MECHANISMS USED FOR GENERATING CURVE LINE TRANSLATION MOTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovidiu ANTONESCU

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The curve line translation motion can be generated in the particular form of the circular translation, through mono-mobile mechanisms with articulated links of simple parallelogram type (with a fixed side or through transmission with toothed belt with a fixed wheel. Also, the circular translation can be generated through planar mechanisms with two cylindrical gears with a fixed central wheel. It is mentioned that the two cylindrical gearings of the Fergusson mechanisms are both exterior and interior.

  19. Symmetry and Topology: The 11 Uninodal Planar Nets Revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Guillaume Eon

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available A description of the 11 well-known uninodal planar nets is given by Cayley color graphs or alternative Cayley color graphs of plane groups. By applying methods from topological graph theory, the nets are derived from the bouquet B n with rotations mostly as voltages. It thus appears that translation, as a symmetry operation in these nets, is no more fundamental than rotations.

  20. Planar Approximation as Two-Field Boltzmann Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Aref'eva, I. Ya.

    1996-01-01

    A modified interaction representation for the master field describing connected $SU(N)$-invariant Wightman's functions in the large $N$ limit of matrix fields is constructed. This construction is based on the representation of the master field in terms of Boltzmannian field theory found before. In the modified interaction representation we deal with two scalar Boltzmann fields ({\\it up} and {\\it down} fields). For up and down fields only half-planar diagrams contribute and this could help to ...