WorldWideScience

Sample records for pseudo trigonal bipyramids

  1. The Catalytic Scaffold fo the Haloalkanoic Acid Dehalogenase Enzyme Superfamily Acts as a Mold for the Trigonal Bipyramidal Transition State

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu,Z.; Dunaway-Mariano, D.; Allen, K.

    2008-01-01

    The evolution of new catalytic activities and specificities within an enzyme superfamily requires the exploration of sequence space for adaptation to a new substrate with retention of those elements required to stabilize key intermediates/transition states. Here, we propose that core residues in the large enzyme family, the haloalkanoic acid dehalogenase enzyme superfamily (HADSF) form a 'mold' in which the trigonal bipyramidal transition states formed during phosphoryl transfer are stabilized by electrostatic forces. The vanadate complex of the hexose phosphate phosphatase BT4131 from Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron VPI-5482 (HPP) determined at 1.00 Angstroms resolution via X-ray crystallography assumes a trigonal bipyramidal coordination geometry with the nucleophilic Asp-8 and one oxygen ligand at the apical position. Remarkably, the tungstate in the complex determined to 1.03 Angstroms resolution assumes the same coordination geometry. The contribution of the general acid/base residue Asp-10 in the stabilization of the trigonal bipyramidal species via hydrogen-bond formation with the apical oxygen atom is evidenced by the 1.52 Angstroms structure of the D10A mutant bound to vanadate. This structure shows a collapse of the trigonal bipyramidal geometry with displacement of the water molecule formerly occupying the apical position. Furthermore, the 1.07 Angstroms resolution structure of the D10A mutant complexed with tungstate shows the tungstate to be in a typical 'phosphate-like' tetrahedral configuration. The analysis of 12 liganded HADSF structures deposited in the protein data bank (PDB) identified stringently conserved elements that stabilize the trigonal bipyramidal transition states by engaging in favorable electrostatic interactions with the axial and equatorial atoms of the transferring phosphoryl group.

  2. Substitutions into the trigonal bipyramidal site of InGaCuO{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grajczyk, Rosa, E-mail: rabinovr@onid.orst.edu [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States); Biswas, Krishnendu, E-mail: krismat79@gmail.com [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States); Berthelot, Romain, E-mail: berthelr@science.oregonstate.edu [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States); Li, Jun, E-mail: jli100@yahoo.com [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States); Sleight, A.W., E-mail: arthur.sleight@oregonstate.edu [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States); Subramanian, M.A., E-mail: mas.subramanian@oregonstate.edu [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States)

    2012-03-15

    Solid solutions of InMCu{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}O{sub 4} (M=Ga{sup 3+}, Al{sup 3+}) have been synthesized to understand the influence of the trigonal bipyramidal (TBP) crystallographic M{sup 3+}/Cu{sup 2+} site of the YbFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}-type structure through powder X-ray and neutron diffraction, dielectric and magnetism measurements. The addition of Mg{sup 2+} in the InGaCuO{sub 4} lattice results in a decrease of the dielectric constant, but the dielectric loss is not affected until the concentration of Mg{sup 2+} is above x=0.50. The shift in the diffraction peaks, and subsequently the change in the lattice parameters, cannot be exclusively explained by the change in ionic radii. These results show the first observation of the reduction in axial bond lengths for TBP Cu{sup 2+} in a YbFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}-type crystal lattice. - Graphical abstract: Solid solutions of InMCu{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}O{sub 4} (M=Ga{sup 3+}, Al{sup 3+}) have been synthesized and analyzed with powder X-ray and neutron diffraction, dielectric and magnetism measurements. A shift in the lattice parameters that cannot be explained by the change in ionic radii is addressed through a study of the trigonal bipyramidal site. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Solid solutions of InMCu{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}O{sub 4} (M=Ga{sup 3+}, Al{sup 3+}) have been synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The observed dielectric properties decreased with the dilution of Cu{sup 2+}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Antiferromagnetic interactions, without ordering, were observed in InGaCu{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}O{sub 4}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A reduction in the axial TBP bond lengths produced a large change in the c/a ratio. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Orbital overlap across the TBP layers greatly affected the observed properties.

  3. Ground state properties of trigonal prismatic and trigonal bipyramidal d1,9, d2,8, d3,7, and d5 systems: Effects of trigonal distortion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hempel, Judith C.; Miller, Michael E.

    1981-09-01

    Empirical ligand field theory has been used to calculate ground state energy space diagrams for d1,9, d2,8, d3,7, and d5 systems of D3h symmetry and allowed ground states for trigonal bipyramidal (five coordinate) and trigonal prismatic (six coordinate) D3h geometries have been identified. We demonstrate that entirely similar behavior should be expected for trigonal prismatic and trigonal bipyramidal d5 systems. Spin-orbit calculations complete within the d5 basis are used to establish that the ESR zero field parameter D for a 6A'1(D3h) ground state will normally be negative. Normalized spherical harmonic (NSH) ligand field Hamiltonians symmetry adapted to chains based on the D6h covering group are defined for all trigonal symmetries. Multiple symmetry parameter sets, which arise for trigonal symmetries other than D3h, describe the range of orbital mixing possible. Spin-orbit and Zeeman interactions reveal the effects of orbital mixing and restrict to two the number of symmetry parameter sets possible for a trigonal system. We specifically consider the magnetic properties of the five coordinate complexes of C3v symmetry [M(Me6tren)Br]Br, with M = Cu(II) and Ni(II) using calculations for C3v symmetry which incorporate spin-orbit and Zeeman interactions and are complete within the dn basis.

  4. Structural Dependence of the Ising-type Magnetic Anisotropy and of the Relaxation Time in Mononuclear Trigonal Bipyramidal Co(II) Single Molecule Magnets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Feng; Cahier, Benjamin; Rivière, Eric; Guillot, Régis; Guihéry, Nathalie; Campbell, Victoria E; Mallah, Talal

    2017-02-06

    This paper describes the correlation between Ising-type magnetic anisotropy and structure in trigonal bipyramidal Co(II) complexes. Three sulfur-containing trigonal bipyramidal Co(II) complexes were synthesized and characterized. It was shown that we can engineer the magnitude of the Ising anisotropy using ligand field theory arguments in conjunction with structural parameters. To prepare this series of compounds, we used, on the one hand, a tetradentate ligand containing three sulfur atoms and one amine (NS3tBu) and on the other hand three different axial ligands, namely, Cl-, Br-, and NCS-. The organic ligand imposes a trigonal bipyramidal arrangement with the three sulfur atoms lying in the trigonal plane with long Co-S bond distances. The magnetic properties of the compounds were measured, and ab initio calculations were used to analyze the anisotropy parameters and perform magneto-structural correlations. We demonstrate that a smaller axial zero-field splitting parameter leads to slower relaxation time when the symmetry is strictly axial, while the presence of very weak rhombicity decreases the energy barrier and speeds the relaxation of the magnetization.

  5. Trigonal-Bipyramidal Coordination in First Ammoniates of ZnF2: ZnF2(NH3)3 and ZnF2(NH3)2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter, Theresia M M; LeTonquesse, Sylvain; Alt, Nicolas S A; Schlücker, Eberhard; Niewa, Rainer

    2016-03-07

    Single crystals of ZnF2(NH3)3 and ZnF2(NH3)2 were obtained under ammonothermal conditions (250 °C, 196 MPa and 500 °C, 136 MPa). Upon thermal decomposition of both ZnF2(NH3)3 and ZnF2(NH3)2, a microcrystalline powder of ZnF2(NH3) was obtained. ZnF2(NH3)3 and ZnF2(NH3)2 represent probable intermediates in a conceivable ammonothermal synthesis of the semiconductor Zn3N2 and manifest a rare trigonal-bipyramidal coordination of F(-) and NH3 ligands around Zn(2+) according to single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Thermal analysis of all three compounds showed not only ZnF2(NH3) but also ZnF2(NH3)2 to be decomposition intermediates of ZnF2(NH3)3 prior to the formation of ZnF2. All three compounds demonstrate hydrogen bonds, as indicated by the intensities and half-widths of the bands in the vibrational spectra and by short N-H···F distances in the crystal structures of ZnF2(NH3)3 and ZnF2(NH3)2. With ZnF2(NH3)3, ZnF2(NH3)2, and ZnF2(NH3), we present the first ammoniates of ZnF2.

  6. Moduli of Trigonal Curves

    CERN Document Server

    Stankova-Frenkel, Z E

    1997-01-01

    We study the moduli of trigonal curves. We establish the exact upper bound of ${36(g+1)}/(5g+1)$ for the slope of trigonal fibrations. Here, the slope of any fibration $X\\to B$ of stable curves with smooth general member is the ratio Hodge class $\\lambda$ on the moduli space $\\bar{\\mathfrak{M}}_g$ to the base $B$. We associate to a trigonal family $X$ a canonical rank two vector bundle $V$, and show that for Bogomolov-semistable $V$ the slope satisfies the stronger inequality ${\\delta_B}/{\\lambda_B}\\leq 7+{6}/{g}$. We further describe the rational Picard group of the {trigonal} locus $\\bar{\\mathfrak T}_g$ in the moduli space $\\bar{\\mathfrak{M}}_g$ of genus $g$ curves. In the even genus case, we interpret the above Bogomolov semistability condition in terms of the so-called Maroni divisor in $\\bar{\\mathfrak T}_g$.

  7. Trigon Farming ehitab Kaiu moodsa eurolauda / Heli Talinur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talinur, Heli

    2007-01-01

    Trigon Farming tegutseb Eestis aastast 2003 ning firmal on laudad peale Kaiu veel Saaremaal Kärlas, lisaks tegutseb firma ka Venemaal ja Ukrainas. Farmingu emafirma on Trigon Agri, mis on noteeritud Stockholmi börsil

  8. Allan Martinson ja Trigon teevad oma riskikapitalifondi / Kristiina Randmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randmaa, Kristiina

    2004-01-01

    Investeerimispank Trigon Capital ja infotehnoloogiaettevõte MicroLink endine juht Allan Martinson loovad Martinson Trigon Venture Partners nime all ühise kuni 400 miljoni kroonise mahuga riskikapitalifondi

  9. Trigon Farming ostis Kaiu LT / Margus Mikomägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikomägi, Margus, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Raplamaalt suuruselt neljas põllumajandusühistu Kaiu LT müüdi üldkoosoleku otsusega ühel häälel firmale Trigon Farming. Kaiu LT nõukogu esimees on viimased kolm aastat olnud Riigikogu liige Tiit Tammsaar. Lisa: Trigon Tarming investeerib põllumajandusse

  10. Allan Martinson ja Trigon panid käima uue riskikapitalifondi / Kristina Traks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Traks, Kristina, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Allan Martinson ja investeerimispank Trigon Capital lõid uue riskikapitaliettevõtte Martinson Trigon Venture Partners, mis hakkab investeerima tehnoloogia-, meedia- ja telekommunikatsioonifirmadesse Balti riikides ja Venemaal

  11. Interplay of bifurcated hydrogen bonds in making of inclusion/pseudo-inclusion complexes of Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) of a salophen type ligand: Crystal structures and spectral aspects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambili, K. U.; Sithambaresan, M.; Kurup, M. R. Prathapachandra

    2017-04-01

    Three novel photoluminescent materials were synthesized by treating Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) acetate salts with a Schiff base prepared from 3-ethoxysalicylaldehyde and 2-aminobenzylamine. Among the prepared complexes, Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes are inclusion compounds while Zn(II) complex is a pseudo-inclusion compound. They were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-visible and EPR spectra. Single crystal XRD studies of these complexes suggest that Ni(II) and Cu(II) are in a distorted square planar environment while the spatial arrangement of donor atoms in Zn(II) complex is best described as distorted square based pyramid although significant distortion towards trigonal bipyramid is noticed. Stabilized crystal packing of the complexes is established via supramolecular interactions. The metal chelate rings as the π system for C-H···π interactions found in Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes explicit the concept of metalloaromaticity. TG-DTG studies reveal that all the complexes are thermally stable. Both ligand and complexes exhibit intense photoluminescence in near UV region. However, Zn(II) complex giving an intense blue-green emission spectrum at maximum wavelength of 518 nm with shoulder peaks, could be used for optoelectronic applications.

  12. Trigon Capital sukeldub Ukraina piimaärisse / Airi Ilisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilisson, Airi, 1980-

    2005-01-01

    Investeerimisfirma Trigon Capital valis uueks investeeringute sihiks Ukraina piimatööstuse muutunud poliitilise kliima ja piimatöökvootide puudumise tõttu. Lisa: Kinnisvara. Horvaatia kinnisvaraäri

  13. Higher Genus Abelian Functions Associated with Cyclic Trigonal Curves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew England

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available We develop the theory of Abelian functions associated with cyclic trigonal curves by considering two new cases. We investigate curves of genus six and seven and consider whether it is the trigonal nature or the genus which dictates certain areas of the theory. We present solutions to the Jacobi inversion problem, sets of relations between the Abelian function, links to the Boussinesq equation and a new addition formula.

  14. A holmium(III)-based single-molecule magnet with pentagonal-bipyramidal geometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kajiwara, Takashi [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Nara Women' s University (Japan)

    2017-09-11

    The right environment: The remarkable properties of a recently reported holmium(III)-based single-ion magnet have been ascribed to the hyperfine interactions with the half-integer nuclear spin in combination with the pentagonal-bipyramidal coordination environment. These results provide insight into the complicated magnetic properties of nanosized magnetic materials. (copyright 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  15. An anti-ferromagnetic terephthalate-bridged trigonal prismatic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Each manganese(II) centre adopts a rare distorted trigonal prismatic geometry with an MnN4O2 chromophore.Chelation of the tetradentate Schiff base (L) along with bis(bidentate) bridging of two O atoms of tp complete hexacoordination around each manganese(II) centre. The dinuclear units of 1 are associated through ...

  16. Facile synthesis of mesoporous nanocrystalline ZnO bipyramids and spheres: Characterization, and photocatalytic activity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Srinivasan, Priya; Subramanian, Balaji [Laboratoire de recherche en matériaux et Micro-spectroscopies Raman et FTIR, Université de Moncton, Campus de Shippagan, Shippagan, NB, E8S 1P6 Canada (Canada); Djaoued, Yahia, E-mail: yahia.djaoued@umoncton.ca [Laboratoire de recherche en matériaux et Micro-spectroscopies Raman et FTIR, Université de Moncton, Campus de Shippagan, Shippagan, NB, E8S 1P6 Canada (Canada); Robichaud, Jacques [Laboratoire de recherche en matériaux et Micro-spectroscopies Raman et FTIR, Université de Moncton, Campus de Shippagan, Shippagan, NB, E8S 1P6 Canada (Canada); Sharma, Tanu; Bruning, Ralf [Department of Physcis, Mount Alison University, Sackville, NB, E4L 1E6 Canada (Canada)

    2015-04-01

    A facile and versatile polyol mediated solvo-thermal process using zinc acetate has been adopted for the synthesis of mesoporous ZnO nanomaterials having novel morphologies. Polyols used in this study, i.e. ethylene glycol (EG) and polyethylene glycols (PEG) of molecular weight 200 and 400, not only act as solvents but also as structure directing agents. The synthesis using EG leads to the formation of novel square bipyramidal zinc glycolate intermediate, which upon thermal treatment is converted into a nanocrystalline (NC) wurtzite ZnO structure, preserving the square bipyramidal morphology. Zinc glycolate upon hot water treatment (∼85 °C), results in the formation of NC wurtzite ZnO having a bicone morphology. However, when the synthesis is carried out by replacing EG with PEG-200 or 400, NC wurtzite ZnO having spherical morphologies have been directly isolated. In the case of PEG-200, the NC ZnO spheres displayed radially oriented nanorod features on the surface. A mechanism of formation of these ZnO morphologies is proposed. The synthesized ZnO materials have been used as catalysts for the photodegradation of crystal violet dye under UV-B and UV-C irradiation. The catalytic behavior of the ZnO samples is explained based on their porosity, crystallinity, and microstructure. - Highlights: • A polyol facilitated process using zinc acetate was used to obtain mesoporous ZnO. • These mesoporous ZnO materials exhibited square bipyramids and spheres morphologies. • Ethylene glycol and PEG-200 mediated ZnO samples presented higher degradation rates. • Crystallinity takes precedence over surface area in photodegradation.

  17. Shaping Gold Nanocrystals in Dimethyl Sulfoxide: Toward Trapezohedral and Bipyramidal Nanocrystals Enclosed by {311} Facets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niu, Wenxin; Duan, Yukun; Qing, Zikun; Huang, Hejin; Lu, Xianmao

    2017-04-26

    The remarkable synthetically tunable structural, electronic, and optical properties of gold nanocrystals have attracted increasing interest and enabled multidisciplinary applications. Over the past decades, nearly all the possible fundamental shapes of faceted Au nanocrystals have been synthesized, except for only one missing-the trapezohedron enclosed by {hkk} facets. In this report, the unprecedented synthesis of trapezohedral Au nanocrystals with {311} crystal facets was realized. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was discovered as a solvent for shaping Au nanocrystals with {311} crystal facets for the first time. Mechanistic studies, together with previous DFT and STM studies, attribute the unique role of DMSO to its ambidentate nature, where both sulfur and oxygen of DMSO can coordinate to gold surface, endowing its unique role in stabilizing high-index {311} facets through a "two center bonding" mode. The DMSO-based synthesis provides a new synthetic tool toward the synthesis of a series of unreported Au nanocrystals with new structures. In particular, a new type of gold bipyramids, the octagonal bipyramids, was first synthesized with additional plasmonic tunability while simultaneously retaining their {311} facets. The application of these new Au nanocrystals in surface-enhanced Raman scattering spectroscopy was investigated, and their shape-dependent performances were demonstrated. These results highlight the tremendous potential of using ambidentate molecules as shape- and surface-directing agents for metal nanocrystals and offer the promise of enabling new synthetic tools toward atomically precise control of surface structures of metal nanocrystals.

  18. Synthesis of gold hexagonal bipyramids directed by planar-twinned silver triangular nanoprisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Personick, Michelle L; Langille, Mark R; Wu, Jinsong; Mirkin, Chad A

    2013-03-13

    The direct growth of planar-twinned Au nanoparticles (NPs) in high yield remains a challenge in shape-controlled NP synthesis largely because suitable planar-twinned seeds for Au NP growth have not been identified to date. Herein we describe the use of planar-twinned Ag triangular nanoprisms as a means to dictate Au NP twin structure. In a one-pot process, the Ag triangular nanoprisms first undergo oxidative Au replacement, forming Ag-Au alloy nanoframes and concomitantly releasing Ag(+) into solution, which then directs subsequent Au NP growth through an underpotential deposition process. The planar-twinned structure of the initial Ag nanoprism is maintained throughout particle growth. Using this method, we have successfully synthesized Au hexagonal bipyramids in high yield for the first time.

  19. Trigonal crystals of glucose isomerase require thymol for their growth and stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chayen, N. E.; Lloyd, L. F.; Collyer, C. A.; Blow, D. M.

    1989-09-01

    The growth of trigonal bypyramidal crystals of Arthrobacter glucose isomerase is only possible in the presence of thymol at a concentration exceeding 2.5mM; at lower thymol concentrations rectangular and rhombic crystals are formed. When thymol is removed from the supernatant of trigonal crystals, they fall apart and recrystallise as rectangles or rhombs. The disordering can be reversed if thymol is reintroduced before the trigonal crystals have dispersed, but the other crystal forms are stable in thymol. During the disintegration of trigonal crystals the supernatant concentration of protein is increased.

  20. Discrete pseudo-integrals

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mesiar, Radko; Li, J.; Pap, E.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 54, č. 3 (2013), s. 357-364 ISSN 0888-613X R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP402/11/0378 Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : concave integral * pseudo-addition * pseudo- multiplication Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 1.977, year: 2013 http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2013/E/mesiar-discrete pseudo-integrals. pdf

  1. Development of hybrid mass damper (TRIGON) for high-rise buildings; Chokoso biruyo hybrid mass damper (TRIGON) no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-10-31

    The hybrid mass damper TRIGON has been developed to reduce wind-and earthquake-induced vibrations of high-rise buildings. The present paper describes an experimental result executed to confirm the outline of the hybrid mass damper TRIGON and the control effect of the same. The present apparatus is a mass damper for reducing the response of a building by supporting a weight with a V shaped bottom with a roller and rocking the weight into a pendulum motion. A driving method is a hybrid one where there are both used a passive system in which an apparatus period defined by the angle of the weight bottom is tuned with a building period and an active system using an AC servo motor. It is further intended that the apparatus is made compact by neglecting the length of the pendulum by employing the V-shaped weight for supporting the roller. Building vibration tests are conducted to compare responses of the apparatus upon non-control and control. It is hereby confirmed that there can be added about 4 % of a damping factor of the first mode in the direction of the short side of the building as a control object for a satisfactory improvement of the dwelling property. 4 refs., 14 figs., 3 tabs.

  2. Prospective randomised controlled trial comparing trigone-sparing versus trigone-including intradetrusor injection of abobotulinumtoxinA for refractory idiopathic detrusor overactivity.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Manecksha, Rustom P

    2012-05-01

    Botulinum toxin A is effective for treatment of idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO). The trigone is generally spared because of the theoretical risk of vesicoureteric reflux (VUR), although studies assessing injection sites are lacking.

  3. Orientation sensors by defocused imaging of single gold nano-bipyramids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Fanwei; Li, Qiang; Rao, Wenye; Hu, Hongjin; Gao, Ye; Wu, Lijun

    2018-01-01

    Optical probes for nanoscale orientation sensing have attracted much attention in the field of single-molecule detections. Noble metal especially Au nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit extraordinary plasmonic properties, great photostability, excellent biocompatibility and nontoxicity, and thereby could be alternative labels to conventional applied organic dyes or quantum dots. One type of the most interesting metallic NPs is Au nanorods (AuNRs). Its anisotropic emission accompanied with anisotropic shape is potentially applicable in orientation sensing. Recently, we resolved the 3D orientation of single AuNRs within one frame by deliberately introducing an aberration (slight shift of the dipole away from the focal plane) to the imaging system1 . This defocused imaging technique is based on the electron transition dipole approximation and the fact that the dipole radiation exhibits an angular anisotropy. Since the photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) can be enhanced by the "lightning rod effect" (at a sharp angled surface) and localized SPR modes, that of the single Au nano-bipyramid (AuNB) with more sharp tips or edges was found to be doubled comparing to AuNRs with a same effective size2. Here, with a 532 nm excitation, we find that the PL properties of individual AuNBs can be described by three perpendicularly-arranged dipoles (with different ratios). Their PL defocused images are bright, clear and exhibit obvious anisotropy. These properties suggest that AuNBs are excellent candidates for orientation sensing labels in single molecule detections.

  4. Pseudo Class III malocclusion

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Al-Hummayani, Fadia M

    2016-01-01

    .... This case report represents a none traditional treatment modality to treat deep anterior crossbite in an adult pseudo class III malocclusion complicated by severely retruded, supraerupted upper and lower incisors...

  5. Pentagonal Bipyramid FeII Complexes: Robust Ising-Spin Units towards Heteropolynuclear Nanomagnets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bar, Arun Kumar; Gogoi, Nayanmoni; Pichon, Céline; Goli, V M L Durga Prasad; Thlijeni, Mehrez; Duhayon, Carine; Suaud, Nicolas; Guihéry, Nathalie; Barra, Anne-Laure; Ramasesha, S; Sutter, Jean-Pascal

    2017-03-28

    Pentagonal bipyramid FeII complexes have been investigated to evaluate their potential as Ising-spin building units for the preparation of heteropolynuclear complexes that are likely to behave as single-molecule magnets (SMMs). The considered monometallic complexes were prepared from the association of a divalent metal ion with pentadentate ligands that have a 2,6-diacetylpyridine bis(hydrazone) core (H2 LN3O2R ). Their magnetic anisotropy was established by magnetometry to reveal their zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameter D, which ranged between -4 and -13 cm-1 and was found to be modulated by the apical ligands (ROH versus Cl). The alteration of the D value by N-bound axial CN ligands, upon association with cyanometallates, was also assessed for heptacoordinated FeII as well as for related NiII and CoII derivatives. In all cases, N-coordinated cyanide ligands led to large magnetic anisotropy (i.e., -8 to -18 cm-1 for Fe and Ni, +33 cm-1 for Co). Ab initio calculations were performed on three FeII complexes, which enabled one to rationalize the role of the ligand on the nature and magnitude of the magnetic anisotropy. Starting from the pre-existing heptacoordinated complexes, a series of pentanuclear compounds were obtained by reactions with paramagnetic [W(CN)8 ]3- . Magnetic studies revealed the occurrence of ferromagnetic interactions between the spin carriers in all the heterometallic systems. Field-induced slow magnetic relaxation was observed for mononuclear FeII complexes (Ueff /kB up to 53 K (37 cm-1 ), τ0 =5×10-9  s), and SMM behavior was evidenced for a heteronuclear [Fe3 W2 ] derivative (Ueff /kB =35 K and τ0 =4.6 10-10  s), which confirmed that the parent complexes were robust Ising-type building units. High-field EPR spectroscopic investigation of the ZFS parameters for a Ni derivative is also reported. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Direct observation of the core/double-shell architecture of intense dual-mode luminescent tetragonal bipyramidal nanophosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Su Yeon; Jeong, Jong Seok; Mkhoyan, K Andre; Jang, Ho Seong

    2016-05-21

    Highly efficient downconversion (DC) green-emitting LiYF4:Ce,Tb nanophosphors have been synthesized for bright dual-mode upconversion (UC) and DC green-emitting core/double-shell (C/D-S) nanophosphors-Li(Gd,Y)F4:Yb(18%),Er(2%)/LiYF4:Ce(15%),Tb(15%)/LiYF4-and the C/D-S structure has been proved by extensive scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) analysis. Colloidal LiYF4:Ce,Tb nanophosphors with a tetragonal bipyramidal shape are synthesized for the first time and they show intense DC green light via energy transfer from Ce(3+) to Tb(3+) under illumination with ultraviolet (UV) light. The LiYF4:Ce,Tb nanophosphors show 65 times higher photoluminescence intensity than LiYF4:Tb nanophosphors under illumination with UV light and the LiYF4:Ce,Tb is adapted into a luminescent shell of the tetragonal bipyramidal C/D-S nanophosphors. The formation of the DC shell on the core significantly enhances UC luminescence from the UC core under irradiation of near infrared light and concurrently generates DC luminescence from the core/shell nanophosphors under UV light. Coating with an inert inorganic shell further enhances the UC-DC dual-mode luminescence by suppressing the surface quenching effect. The C/D-S nanophosphors show 3.8% UC quantum efficiency (QE) at 239 W cm(-2) and 73.0 ± 0.1% DC QE. The designed C/D-S architecture in tetragonal bipyramidal nanophosphors is rigorously verified by an energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis, with the assistance of line profile simulation, using an aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope equipped with a high-efficiency EDX. The feasibility of these C/D-S nanophosphors for transparent display devices is also considered.

  7. Quantum Pseudo-Telepathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brassard, Gilles; Broadbent, Anne; Tapp, Alain

    2005-11-01

    Quantum information processing is at the crossroads of physics, mathematics and computer science. It is concerned with that we can and cannot do with quantum information that goes beyond the abilities of classical information processing devices. Communication complexity is an area of classical computer science that aims at quantifying the amount of communication necessary to solve distributed computational problems. Quantum communication complexity uses quantum mechanics to reduce the amount of communication that would be classically required. Pseudo-telepathy is a surprising application of quantum information processing to communication complexity. Thanks to entanglement, perhaps the most nonclassical manifestation of quantum mechanics, two or more quantum players can accomplish a distributed task with no need for communication whatsoever, which would be an impossible feat for classical players. After a detailed overview of the principle and purpose of pseudo-telepathy, we present a survey of recent and no-so-recent work on the subject. In particular, we describe and analyse all the pseudo-telepathy games currently known to the authors.

  8. Nucleation-mediated synthesis and enhanced catalytic properties of Au-Pd bimetallic tripods and bipyramids with twinned structures and high-energy facets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lei; Chen, Qiaoli; Wang, Xue; Jiang, Zhiyuan

    2016-01-01

    The Au-Pd alloy has been proved to be an excellent catalyst in many applications, such as the electro-oxidation of formic acid, CO oxidation and oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes. However, most of the research has been focused on the shape-controlled Au-Pd alloy NCs with a single-crystal structure. Due to the existence of high-energy atoms on the twin defects, twinned structures usually will further increase their catalytic activities. It is necessary to develop a method to prepare the Au-Pd alloy with twinned structures and investigate their catalytic properties. Herein, we successfully synthesized Au-Pd alloy tripods and bipyramids with twinned structures by the cooperation of cetyltrimethyl ammonium chloride (CTAC) and cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB). The tripods contain one twin plane, while the bipyramids consist of a fivefold-twinned structure. In addition, the tripods and bipyramids are both exposed by high-energy facets. We proposed that the tripods and bipyramids are evolved from bipyramid seeds and fivefold twinned seeds, respectively. The as-prepared Au-Pd tripods and bipyramids performed better activity for electrocatalytic oxidation of formic acid compared to the cubic Au-Pd nanoparticles.The Au-Pd alloy has been proved to be an excellent catalyst in many applications, such as the electro-oxidation of formic acid, CO oxidation and oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes. However, most of the research has been focused on the shape-controlled Au-Pd alloy NCs with a single-crystal structure. Due to the existence of high-energy atoms on the twin defects, twinned structures usually will further increase their catalytic activities. It is necessary to develop a method to prepare the Au-Pd alloy with twinned structures and investigate their catalytic properties. Herein, we successfully synthesized Au-Pd alloy tripods and bipyramids with twinned structures by the cooperation of cetyltrimethyl ammonium chloride (CTAC) and cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB

  9. PSEUDO-CODEWORD LANDSCAPE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    CHERTKOV, MICHAEL [Los Alamos National Laboratory; STEPANOV, MIKHAIL [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2007-01-10

    The authors discuss performance of Low-Density-Parity-Check (LDPC) codes decoded by Linear Programming (LP) decoding at moderate and large Signal-to-Noise-Ratios (SNR). Frame-Error-Rate (FER) dependence on SNR and the noise space landscape of the coding/decoding scheme are analyzed by a combination of the previously introduced instanton/pseudo-codeword-search method and a new 'dendro' trick. To reduce complexity of the LP decoding for a code with high-degree checks, {ge} 5, they introduce its dendro-LDPC counterpart, that is the code performing identifically to the original one under Maximum-A-Posteriori (MAP) decoding but having reduced (down to three) check connectivity degree. Analyzing number of popular LDPC codes and their dendro versions performing over the Additive-White-Gaussian-Noise (AWGN) channel, they observed two qualitatively different regimes: (i) error-floor sets early, at relatively low SNR, and (ii) FER decays with SNR increase faster at moderate SNR than at the largest SNR. They explain these regimes in terms of the pseudo-codeword spectra of the codes.

  10. Direct observation of the core/double-shell architecture of intense dual-mode luminescent tetragonal bipyramidal nanophosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Su Yeon; Jeong, Jong Seok; Mkhoyan, K. Andre; Jang, Ho Seong

    2016-05-01

    Highly efficient downconversion (DC) green-emitting LiYF4:Ce,Tb nanophosphors have been synthesized for bright dual-mode upconversion (UC) and DC green-emitting core/double-shell (C/D-S) nanophosphors--Li(Gd,Y)F4:Yb(18%),Er(2%)/LiYF4:Ce(15%),Tb(15%)/LiYF4--and the C/D-S structure has been proved by extensive scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) analysis. Colloidal LiYF4:Ce,Tb nanophosphors with a tetragonal bipyramidal shape are synthesized for the first time and they show intense DC green light via energy transfer from Ce3+ to Tb3+ under illumination with ultraviolet (UV) light. The LiYF4:Ce,Tb nanophosphors show 65 times higher photoluminescence intensity than LiYF4:Tb nanophosphors under illumination with UV light and the LiYF4:Ce,Tb is adapted into a luminescent shell of the tetragonal bipyramidal C/D-S nanophosphors. The formation of the DC shell on the core significantly enhances UC luminescence from the UC core under irradiation of near infrared light and concurrently generates DC luminescence from the core/shell nanophosphors under UV light. Coating with an inert inorganic shell further enhances the UC-DC dual-mode luminescence by suppressing the surface quenching effect. The C/D-S nanophosphors show 3.8% UC quantum efficiency (QE) at 239 W cm-2 and 73.0 +/- 0.1% DC QE. The designed C/D-S architecture in tetragonal bipyramidal nanophosphors is rigorously verified by an energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis, with the assistance of line profile simulation, using an aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope equipped with a high-efficiency EDX. The feasibility of these C/D-S nanophosphors for transparent display devices is also considered.Highly efficient downconversion (DC) green-emitting LiYF4:Ce,Tb nanophosphors have been synthesized for bright dual-mode upconversion (UC) and DC green-emitting core/double-shell (C/D-S) nanophosphors--Li(Gd,Y)F4:Yb(18%),Er(2%)/LiYF4:Ce(15%),Tb(15%)/LiYF4--and the C/D-S structure

  11. On projective varieties admitting a bielliptic or trigonal curve-section

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Del Centina

    1993-05-01

    Full Text Available We study smooth projective varieties X ⊆ PN of dimension n ≥ 3, such that for some linear (N-n+1-dimensional space Π ⊆ PN, C=X∩Π is either a bielliptic or a trigonal curve. We give a description of X when deg ≥ 18 and when deg X ≤ 8.

  12. On projective varieties admitting a bielliptic or trigonal curve-section

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea Del Centina; Alessandro Gimigliano

    1993-01-01

    We study smooth projective varieties X ⊆ PN of dimension n ≥ 3, such that for some linear (N-n+1)-dimensional space Π ⊆ PN, C=X∩Π is either a bielliptic or a trigonal curve. We give a description of X when deg ≥ 18 and when deg X ≤ 8.

  13. 'Trigonal' @iDiscocyclina@@ sp. from the Pondicherry formation, Pondicherry, South India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Setty, M.G.A.P.

    of this species is chiefly planktonic, and transitional from the Discocyclinid limestone unit to the Upper marlstone unit, as seen by a lesser degree of abundance. The 'trigonal' shape of the test may be due either to specialisation or degeneration in the changed...

  14. Origin and spectroscopic determination of trigonal anisotropy in a heteronuclear single-molecule magnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorace, L.; Boulon, M.-E.; Totaro, P.; Cornia, A.; Fernandes-Soares, J.; Sessoli, R.

    2013-09-01

    W-band (ν ≅ 94 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was used for a single-crystal study of a star-shaped Fe3Cr single-molecule magnet (SMM) with crystallographically imposed trigonal symmetry. The high resolution and sensitivity accessible with W-band EPR allowed us to determine accurately the axial zero-field splitting terms for the ground (S = 6) and first two excited states (S = 5 and S = 4). Furthermore, spectra recorded by applying the magnetic field perpendicular to the trigonal axis showed a π/6 angular modulation. This behavior is a signature of the presence of trigonal transverse magnetic anisotropy terms whose values had not been spectroscopically determined in any SMM prior to this work. Such in-plane anisotropy could only be justified by dropping the so-called “giant spin approach” and by considering a complete multispin approach. From a detailed analysis of experimental data with the two models, it emerged that the observed trigonal anisotropy directly reflects the structural features of the cluster, i.e., the relative orientation of single-ion anisotropy tensors and the angular modulation of single-ion anisotropy components in the hard plane of the cluster. Finally, since high-order transverse anisotropy is pivotal in determining the spin dynamics in the quantum tunneling regime, we have compared the angular dependence of the tunnel splitting predicted by the two models upon application of a transverse field (Berry-phase interference).

  15. Pseudomembranous trigonitis in a male with Klinefelter syndrome: a case report and evidence of a hormonal etiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lian, Derrick W Q; Li, Fay X; Ong, Caroline C P; Kuick, C H; Chang, Kenneth T E

    2014-01-01

    Klinefelter syndrome is a clinical syndrome with a distinct 47, XXY karyotype. Patients are characterized by a tall eunuchoid stature, small testes, hypergonotrophic hypogonadism, gynecomastia, learning difficulties and infertility. These patients have also been found to have raised estrogen levels. We report a 16 year old boy with Klinefelter syndrome presenting to our institution with gross hematuria. Cystoscopy and biopsy revealed the diagnosis of pseudomembranous trigonitis. Immunohistochemical stains showed an increase in estrogen and progesterone receptors in the trigone area but not in the rest of the bladder. In view of the patient's mildly raised estrogen levels and the histological findings, we postulate that estrogen is the driver of the development of pseudomembranous trigonitis. This is the first reported case of pseudomembranous trigonitis seen in association with Klinefelter syndrome, and also the first case of pseudomembranous trigonitis occurring within the male adolescent age group.

  16. Rotational Symmetry Breaking in a Trigonal Superconductor Nb-doped Bi_{2}Se_{3}

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomoya Asaba

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The search for unconventional superconductivity has been focused on materials with strong spin-orbit coupling and unique crystal lattices. Doped bismuth selenide (Bi_{2}Se_{3} is a strong candidate, given the topological insulator nature of the parent compound and its triangular lattice. The coupling between the physical properties in the superconducting state and its underlying crystal symmetry is a crucial test for unconventional superconductivity. In this paper, we report direct evidence that the superconducting magnetic response couples strongly to the underlying trigonal crystal symmetry in the recently discovered superconductor with trigonal crystal structure, niobium (Nb-doped Bi_{2}Se_{3}. As a result, the in-plane magnetic torque signal vanishes every 60°. More importantly, the superconducting hysteresis loop amplitude is enhanced along one preferred direction, spontaneously breaking the rotational symmetry. This observation indicates the presence of nematic order in the superconducting ground state of Nb-doped Bi_{2}Se_{3}.

  17. Synthesis and Reactivity of Metal Complexes in Trigonal N,O,O,O-Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Adelhardt, Mario Erwin

    2016-01-01

    High-valent iron complexes, for instance stabilized by multiple bonded oxo, nitrido, or imido ligands, have been identified as reactive intermediates in biological as well as technical systems. Although numerous synthetic model complexes have been synthesized and characterized in the past four decades, they often lack the high reactivity of their parental compounds. One strategy to enhance the reactivity of, for example, Fe(IV) oxo complexes is to enforce a trigonal coordination geometry ar...

  18. Magnetic anisotropy of a Co-II single ion magnet with distorted trigonal prismatic coordination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peng, Yan; Bodenstein, Tilmann; Fink, Karin

    2016-01-01

    The single ion magnetic properties of Co(II) are affected by the details of the coordination geometry of the ion. Here we show that a geometry close to trigonal prismatic which arises when the ligand 6,6'-((1Z)-((piperazine-1,4-diylbis(propane-3,1-diyl)) bis(azanylylidene)) bis(methanylylidene)) ......The single ion magnetic properties of Co(II) are affected by the details of the coordination geometry of the ion. Here we show that a geometry close to trigonal prismatic which arises when the ligand 6,6'-((1Z)-((piperazine-1,4-diylbis(propane-3,1-diyl)) bis(azanylylidene)) bis......(methanylylidene)) bis(2-methoxyphenol) coordinates to Co(II) does indeed lead to enhanced single-ion behaviour as has previously been predicted. Synthesis of the compound, structural information, and static as well as dynamic magnetic data are presented along with an analysis using quantum chemical ab initio...... calculations. Though the complex shows a slight deviation from an ideal trigonal prismatic coordination, the zero-field splitting as well as the g-tensor are strongly axial with D = -41 cm(-1) and E

  19. Pseudo-Marginal Slice Sampling

    OpenAIRE

    Murray, Iain; Graham, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods asymptotically sample from complex probability distributions. The pseudo-marginal MCMC framework only requires an unbiased estimator of the unnormalized probability distribution function to construct a Markov chain. However, the resulting chains are harder to tune to a target distribution than conventional MCMC, and the types of updates available are limited. We describe a general way to clamp and update the random numbers used in a pseudo-marginal meth...

  20. Assembly of silver Trigons into a buckyball-like Ag180nanocage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhi; Su, Hai-Feng; Tan, Yuan-Zhi; Schein, Stan; Lin, Shui-Chao; Liu, Wei; Wang, Shu-Ao; Wang, Wen-Guang; Tung, Chen-Ho; Sun, Di; Zheng, Lan-Sun

    2017-11-14

    Buckminsterfullerene (C 60 ) represents a perfect combination of geometry and molecular structural chemistry. It has inspired many creative ideas for building fullerene-like nanopolyhedra. These include other fullerenes, virus capsids, polyhedra based on DNA, and synthetic polynuclear metal clusters and cages. Indeed, the regular organization of large numbers of metal atoms into one highly complex structure remains one of the foremost challenges in supramolecular chemistry. Here we describe the design, synthesis, and characterization of a Ag 180 nanocage with 180 Ag atoms as 4-valent vertices (V), 360 edges (E), and 182 faces (F)--sixty 3-gons, ninety 4-gons, twelve 5-gons, and twenty 6-gons--in agreement with Euler's rule V - E + F = 2. If each 3-gon (or silver Trigon) were replaced with a carbon atom linked by edges along the 4-gons, the result would be like C 60 , topologically a truncated icosahedron, an Archimedean solid with icosahedral ( I h ) point-group symmetry. If C 60 can be described mathematically as a curling up of a 6.6.6 Platonic tiling, the Ag 180 cage can be described as a curling up of a 3.4.6.4 Archimedean tiling. High-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry reveals that {Ag 3 } n subunits coexist with the Ag 180 species in the assembly system before the final crystallization of Ag 180 , suggesting that the silver Trigon is the smallest building block in assembly of the final cage. Thus, we assign the underlying growth mechanism of Ag 180 to the Silver-Trigon Assembly Road (STAR), an assembly path that might be further employed to fabricate larger, elegant silver cages.

  1. Variational method of determining effective moduli of polycrystals: (A) hexagonal symmetry, (B) trigonal symmetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peselnick, L.; Meister, R.

    1965-01-01

    Variational principles of anisotropic elasticity have been applied to aggregates of randomly oriented pure-phase polycrystals having hexagonal symmetry and trigonal symmetry. The bounds of the effective elastic moduli obtained in this way show a considerable improvement over the bounds obtained by means of the Voigt and Reuss assumptions. The Hill average is found to be in most cases a good approximation when compared to the bounds found from the variational method. The new bounds reduce in their limits to the Voigt and Reuss values. ?? 1965 The American Institute of Physics.

  2. The Cohen cross-trigonal technic for vesicoureteral reflux with contracted bladder in children

    OpenAIRE

    進藤, 和彦; 野俣, 浩一郎; 城代, 明仁; 実藤, 健; 金武, 洋; 斉藤, 泰; 計屋, 紘信; 由良, 守司; 松崎, 幸康

    1984-01-01

    A 8-year-old girl was referred with both vesicoureteral reflux and repeated urinary infection since she was 30 months old. At 5 years old, she had had cystoscopy. Her excretory urogram (IVP) was almost normal; her voiding cystogram showed both vesicoureteral reflux of grade III and a maximum bladder capacity of 75 ml. At cystoscopy the ureteral orifices were in normal position of the trigone and the orifices were dilated like a golf-hole. Both ureters were reimplanted without ureter stents by...

  3. Calculation of the phonon density of states and related thermodynamic properties for trigonal selenium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Flemming Yssing; Alldredge, G. P.; McMurry, H. L.

    1983-01-01

    The phonon density of states for trigonal selenium has been calculated on the basis of a short range force model giving good overall agreement with experimental room temperature phonon dispersion data. A qualitative comparison with an experimental determination of the phonon density of states shows...... similarities in the gross features, but the experimental data lacks many of the finer details shown by the theoretical results due to resolution effects. The lattice dynamical contribution to the heat capacity CV is calculated and is found to be in good agreement with experimental determinations of Cp after...... transforming Cp to CV. The Journal of Chemical Physics is copyrighted by The American Institute of Physics....

  4. Estados de pseudo-Cushing

    OpenAIRE

    Romanholi, Daniella J.P.C.; SALGADO, Luiz Roberto

    2007-01-01

    Síndromes de pseudo-Cushing são um grupo heterogêneo de doenças, incluindo alcoolismo, anorexia nervosa, obesidade visceral e depressão, que compartilham muitas das características clínicas e bioquímicas da síndrome de Cushing. Os mecanismos responsáveis para a gênese da síndrome de pseudo-Cushing são fracamente compreendidos. Tem sido sugerido que o hipercortisolismo da síndrome de pseudo-Cushing pode ser resultante do aumento da secreção do hormônio liberador de corticotrofina (CRH) hipotal...

  5. Distribution and chemical coding of neurons in intramural ganglia of the porcine urinary bladder trigone.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zenon Pidsudko

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the distribution and chemical coding of neurons in the porcine intramural ganglia of the urinary bladder trigone (IG-UBT demonstrated using combined retrograde tracing and double-labelling immunohistochemistry. Retrograde fluorescent tracer Fast Blue (FB was injected into the wall of both the left and right side of the bladder trigone during laparotomy performed under pentobarbital anaesthesia. Ten-microm-thick cryostat sections were processed for double-labelling immunofluorescence with antibodies against tyrosine hydroxylase (TH, dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH, neuropeptide Y (NPY, somatostatin (SOM, galanin (GAL, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP, nitric oxide synthase (NOS, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP, substance P (SP, Leu5-enkephalin (LENK and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT. IG-UBT neurons formed characteristic clusters (from a few to tens neuronal cells found under visceral peritoneum or in the outer muscular layer. Immunohistochemistry revealed four main populations of IG-UBT neurons: SOM- (ca. 35%, SP- (ca. 32%, ChAT- and NPY- immunoreactive (-IR (ca. 23% as well as non-adrenergic non-cholinergic nerve cells (ca. 6%. This study has demonstrated a relatively large population of differently coded IG-UBT neurons, which constitute an important element of the complex neuro-endocrine system involved in the regulation of the porcine urogenital organ function.

  6. Modeling the radiation ionization energy and energy resolution of trigonal and amorphous selenium from first principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darbandi, A; Devoie, É; Di Matteo, O; Rubel, O

    2012-11-14

    Advances in the development of amorphous selenium-based direct conversion photoconductors for high-energy radiation critically depend on the improvement of its sensitivity to ionizing radiation, which is directly related to the pair production energy. Traditionally, theories for the pair production energy have been based on the parabolic band approximation and do not provide a satisfactory agreement with experimental results for amorphous selenium. Here we present a calculation of the pair creation energy in trigonal and amorphous selenium based on its electronic structure. In indirect semiconductors, such as trigonal selenium, the ionization threshold energy can be as low as the energy gap, resulting in a lower pair creation energy, which is a favorable factor for sensitivity. Also, the statistics of photogenerated charge carriers is studied in order to evaluate the theoretical value of the Fano factor and its dependence on recombination processes. We show that recombination can significantly compromise the detector's energy resolution as a result of an increase in the Fano factor.

  7. Pseudo-Weak-R0 Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Lin Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A positive answer to the open problem of Iorgulescu on extending weak-R0 algebras and R0-algebras to the noncommutative forms is given. We show that pseudo-weak-R0 algebras are categorically isomorphic to pseudo-IMTL algebras and that pseudo-R0 algebras are categorically isomorphic to pseudo-NM algebras. Some properties, the noncommutative forms of the properties in weak-R0 algebras and R0-algebras, are investigated. The simplified axiom systems of pseudo-weak-R0 algebras and pseudo-R0 algebras are obtained.

  8. Exending pseudo-arcs in odd characteristic

    OpenAIRE

    Penttila, Tim; Van de Voorde, Geertrui

    2015-01-01

    A {\\em pseudo-arc} in $\\mathrm{PG}(3n-1,q)$ is a set of $(n-1)$-spaces such that any three of them span the whole space. A pseudo-arc of size $q^n+1$ is a {\\em pseudo-oval}. If a pseudo-oval $\\mathcal{O}$ is obtained by applying field reduction to a conic in $\\mathrm{PG}(2,q^n)$, then $\\mathcal{O}$ is called a {\\em pseudo-conic}. We first explain the connection of (pseudo-)arcs with Laguerre planes, orthogonal arrays and generalised quadrangles. In particular, we prove that the Ahrens-Szekere...

  9. Theoretical investigations of zero-field splitting of excited states for 3d3 ions in trigonal crystal fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Qun; Yang, Ziyuan; Wang, Canjun; Xu, Qiming

    2007-11-01

    By taking into account slight interactions, i.e. spin-spin, spin-other-orbit and orbit-orbit interactions, in addition to spin-orbit interaction, the zero-field splitting of ground state and low excited states and g factors of ZnGa2O4:Cr3+ crystal have been interpreted systematically. And the contributions to zero-field splitting arising from slight magnetic interaction and trigonal crystal field are investigated. It is found that there exist combined mechanism between magnetic interactions and trigonal crystal field.

  10. Spin tunnelling of trigonal and hexagonal ferromagnets in an arbitrarily directed magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lü, Rong; Zhu, Jia-Lin; Liu, Zhi-Rong; Chang, Lee; Gu, Bing-Lin

    2000-05-01

    The quantum tunnellings of the magnetization vector in single-domain ferromagnetic nanoparticles placed in an external magnetic field at an arbitrarily directed angle in the ZX-plane are studied theoretically. We consider magnetocrystalline anisotropies with trigonal and hexagonal crystal symmetry. By applying the instanton technique in the spin-coherent-state path-integral representation, we calculate the tunnel splittings, the tunnelling rates, and the crossover temperatures in the low-barrier limit for different angle ranges of the external magnetic field (θH = π/2, π/2crossover temperatures depend distinctly on the orientation of the external magnetic field, which provides a possible experimental test for magnetic quantum tunnelling in nanometre-scale single-domain ferromagnets.

  11. ZnO/CoO and ZnCo2O4 Hierarchical Bipyramid Nanoframes: Morphology Control, Formation Mechanism, and Their Lithium Storage Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Jing; Wang, Kaiqi; Feng, Jinkui; Xiong, Shenglin

    2015-10-21

    Mastery over the structure of nanoscale materials can effectively tailor and regulate their electrochemical properties, enabling improvement in both rate capability and cycling stability. We report the shape-controlled synthesis of novel mesoporous bicomponent-active ZnO/CoO hierarchical multilayered bipyramid nanoframes (HMBNFs). The as-synthesized micro/nanocrystals look like multilayered bipyramids and consist of a series of structural units with similar frames and uniform sheet branches. The use of an appropriate straight-chain monoalcohol was observed to be critical for the formation of HMBNFs. In addition, the structure of HMBNFs could be preserved only in a limited range of the precursor ratio. An extremely fast crystal growth process and an unusual transverse crystallization of the ZnCo-carbonate HMBNFs were newly discovered and proposed. By calcination of ZnCo-carbonate HMBNFs at the atmosphere of nitrogen and air, ZnO/CoO and ZnCo2O4 HMBNFs were obtained, respectively. Compared to the ZnCo2O4 HMBNFs, the ZnO/CoO HMBNFs with a uniform distribution of nanocrystal ZnO and CoO subunits exhibited enhanced electrochemical activity, including greater rate capability and longer cycling performance, when evaluated as an anode material for Li-ion batteries. The superior electrochemical performance of the ZnO/CoO HMBNFs is attributed to the unique nanostructure, bicomponent active synergy, and uniform distribution of ZnO and CoO phases at the nanoscale.

  12. Ultrasensitive electrochemical detection of microRNA with star trigon structure and endonuclease mediated signal amplification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miao, Peng; Wang, Bidou; Yu, Zhiqiang; Zhao, Jing; Tang, Yuguo

    2015-01-15

    MicroRNAs play important roles in gene regulation. They can be used as effective biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of diseases like cancers. Due to their intrinsic properties of short length, low abundance and sequence homology among family members, it is difficult to realize sensitive and selective detection with economical use of time and cost. Herein, we report an ultrasensitive electrochemical method for microRNA analysis employing two oligonucleotides and one endonuclease. Generally, a glassy carbon electrode is first covered with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) mediated by poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA). Then, thiolated capture probe (CP) with methylene blue (MB) labeled at 5' end is modified on the pretreated electrode. Hybridization occurs among target microRNA, CP and auxiliary probe (AP), forming a star trigon structure on the electrode surface. Subsequently, endonuclease recognizes and cleaves CP on CP/AP duplex, releasing microRNA and AP back to the solution. The two regenerated elements can then form another star trigon with other CP molecules, initiating cycles of CP cleavage and MB departure. Significant decrease of electrochemical signals is thus observed, which can be used to reflect the concentration of microRNA. This proposed method has a linear response to microRNA in a wide range from 100 aM to 1 nM and the sensitivity of attomolar level can be achieved. Moreover, it has high selectivity against single-base mismatch sequences and can be used directly in serum samples. Therefore, this method shows great feasibility for the detection of microRNA and may have potential applications in cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. The asc trinodal platform: Two-step assembly of triangular, tetrahedral, and trigonal-prismatic molecular building blocks

    KAUST Repository

    Schoedel, Alexander

    2013-02-10

    The self-assembly of triangular, tetrahedral, and trigonal-prismatic molecular building blocks affords the first example of a trinodal family of metal-organic materials. Four examples of isoreticular expanded and functionalized frameworks are detailed. Gas adsorption experiments validated the permanent porosity of the parent structure. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  14. Nonlinear Elastic Behavior of Piezoelectric Trigonal Crystals: Measurements on Quartz and Lithium-Niobate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latimer, Paul Jerry

    The ultrasonic harmonic generation technique previously used to measure third-order elastic (TOE) constants of crystals of cubic symmetry has been extended to measurement of crystals of trigonal symmetry. The theory for nonpiezoelectric trigonal crystals of J. Philip {Technical Report No. 22, Office of Naval Research, Contract No. N00014 -81-K-0229 (to be published in 1983)} has been combined with the piezoelectric theory of McMahon {J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 44, 1007 (1968)} to determine the effective TOE constants in a piezoelectric solid, and correction has been made in McMahon's expression. Measurements in weakly piezoelectric quartz have produced values of C(,111) and C(,333) which agree within experimental uncertainty with values of R. N. Thurston, H. J. McSkimin and P. Andreatch, Jr. {J. Appl. Phys. 37, 267 (1966)} and R. Stern and R. T. Smith {J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 44, 640 (1968)} after corrections have been made for the effect of diffraction on the data. Measurements in strongly piezoelectric LiNbO(,3) have resulted in values which agree reasonably well with those of J. Philip and M. A. Breazeale {Proc. IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, Vol. 2 (1982) } but disagree with those of C. Y. Nakagawa, K. Yamanouchi and K. Shibayama {J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3969 (1973) }. There is indication of some sample dependence of the values of both the second-order elastic constants as well as the third-order elastic constants of LiNbO(,3) samples currently available. In the course of measurement of the TOE constants a negative nonlinearity parameter was observed for the Piezoelectric {100} direction in quartz. This peculiarity is impossible for thermodynamic reasons in fluids, but has been observed once previously in fused silica {J. Bains and M. A. Breazeale, J. Acoust, Soc. Am. 57, 745 (1975)}. The nonlinearity parameter appears to be positive for the piezoelectric {001 } direction in LiNbO(,3). The data presented are for the "piezoelectrically stiffened" TOE constants; however, there are

  15. The First Homoleptic Complex of Seven-Coordinated Osmium: Synthesis and Crystallographical Evidence of Pentagonal Bipyramidal Polyhedron of Heptacyanoosmate(IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia V. Peresypkina

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The ligand exchange in (n-Bu4N2OsIVCl6 (n-Bu4N = tetra-n-butylammonium leads to the formation of the osmium(IV heptacyanide, the first fully inorganic homoleptic complex of heptacoordinated osmium. The single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SC-XRD study reveals the pentagonal bipyramidal molecular structure of the [Os(CN7]3− anion. The latter being a diamagnetic analogue of the highly anisotropic paramagnetic synthon, [ReIV(CN7]3− can be used for the synthesis of the model heterometallic coordination compounds for the detailed study and simulation of the magnetic properties of the low-dimensional molecular nanomagnets involving 5d metal heptacyanides.

  16. Pseudo random signal processing theory and application

    CERN Document Server

    Zepernick, Hans-Jurgen

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, pseudo random signal processing has proven to be a critical enabler of modern communication, information, security and measurement systems. The signal's pseudo random, noise-like properties make it vitally important as a tool for protecting against interference, alleviating multipath propagation and allowing the potential of sharing bandwidth with other users. Taking a practical approach to the topic, this text provides a comprehensive and systematic guide to understanding and using pseudo random signals. Covering theoretical principles, design methodologies and applications

  17. One-pot synthesis of oxamidato-bridged hexarhenium trigonal prisms adorned with ester functionality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagarajaprakash, R; Govindarajan, R; Manimaran, Bala

    2015-07-14

    Oxamidato-bridged Re(I)-based hexanuclear trigonal prisms with ester functionality have been synthesised via a multicomponent self-assembly process under solvothermal conditions. The self-assembly of Re2(CO)10, oxamide ligands (H2L1 = N,N′-dibutyloxamide, H2L2 = N,N′-dioctyloxamide, H2L3 = N,N′-didodecyloxamide and H2L4 = N,N′-dibenzyloxamide) and phenyl-1,3,5-tris(isonicotinate) (ptin) resulted in the formation of metallaprisms with the general formula [{(CO)3Re(μ–η(4)-L)Re(CO)3}3(μ3-ptin)2] (1–4). The metallaprisms 1–4 have been characterised using spectroscopic techniques, and the molecular structure of 4 has been elucidated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods. Investigations on the guest binding ability of 2 with a few aromatic alcohols and L-tryptophan using UV–vis and fluorescence spectroscopic titration experiments revealed strong host–guest interactions. The luminescence enhancement studies of 2 and 3 have been carried out using organic-aqueous solvent mixtures.

  18. Pseudo-complex general relativity

    CERN Document Server

    Hess, Peter O; Greiner, Walter

    2016-01-01

    This volume presents an pseudo-complex extension of General Relativity which addresses these issues and presents proposals for experimental examinations in strong fields near a large mass. General Relativity is a beautiful and well tested theory of gravitation. Nevertheless, it implies conceptual problems like the creation of singularities (Black Holes) as a result of the collapse of large masses, or the appearance of event horizons which exclude parts of the space-time from the observation of external observers. The mathematical and geometrical foundations of this extension are displayed in detail, and applications including orbits and accretion disks around large central masses, neutron stars or cosmological models are introduced. Calculations both for classical and extended applications are often executed in the form of problems with extensive solutions, which makes this volume also a valuable resource for any student of General Relativity.

  19. Acroangiodermatitis (Pseudo-Kaposi sarcoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satyendra Kumar Singh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Acroangiodermatitis or Pseudo-Kaposi sarcoma is a rare angioproliferative entity, related to chronic venous insufficiency or certain other vascular anomalies. It is often associated with chronic venous insufficiency, arteriovenous malformation of the legs, chronic renal failure treated with dialysis, paralyzed legs and amputation stumps. We hereby describe a case of 45 year old female presenting with pitting pedal edema, multiple ulcers over bilateral lower limbs with irregular margins with erythema and hyperpigmentation of the surrounding skin. Color Doppler study of bilateral lower limbs was normal. Histopathological examination from one of the lesions showed hyperplastic epidermis, proliferation of capillaries in dermis, hemosiderin deposits and lymphocytic infiltrate. These features thus confirmed the diagnosis of Acroangiodermatitis.

  20. Neutron transport in hexagonal reactor cores modeled by trigonal-geometry diffusion and simplified P{sub 3} nodal methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duerigen, Susan

    2013-05-15

    The superior advantage of a nodal method for reactor cores with hexagonal fuel assemblies discretized as cells consisting of equilateral triangles is its mesh refinement capability. In this thesis, a diffusion and a simplified P{sub 3} (or SP{sub 3}) neutron transport nodal method are developed based on trigonal geometry. Both models are implemented in the reactor dynamics code DYN3D. As yet, no other well-established nodal core analysis code comprises an SP{sub 3} transport theory model based on trigonal meshes. The development of two methods based on different neutron transport approximations but using identical underlying spatial trigonal discretization allows a profound comparative analysis of both methods with regard to their mathematical derivations, nodal expansion approaches, solution procedures, and their physical performance. The developed nodal approaches can be regarded as a hybrid NEM/AFEN form. They are based on the transverse-integration procedure, which renders them computationally efficient, and they use a combination of polynomial and exponential functions to represent the neutron flux moments of the SP{sub 3} and diffusion equations, which guarantees high accuracy. The SP{sub 3} equations are derived in within-group form thus being of diffusion type. On this basis, the conventional diffusion solver structure can be retained also for the solution of the SP{sub 3} transport problem. The verification analysis provides proof of the methodological reliability of both trigonal DYN3D models. By means of diverse hexagonal academic benchmark and realistic detailed-geometry full-transport-theory problems, the superiority of the SP{sub 3} transport over the diffusion model is demonstrated in cases with pronounced anisotropy effects, which is, e.g., highly relevant to the modeling of fuel assemblies comprising absorber material.

  1. Clarification of the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds on the effective elastic moduli of polycrystals with hexagonal, trigonal, and tetragonal symmetries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watt, J.P.; Peselnick, L.

    1980-01-01

    Bounds on the effective elastic moduli of randomly oriented aggregates of hexagonal, trigonal, and tetragonal crystals are derived using the variational principles of Hashin and Shtrikman. The bounds are considerably narrower than the widely used Voigt and Reuss bounds. The Voigt-Reuss-Hill average lies within the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds in nearly all cases. Previous bounds of Peselnick and Meister are shown to be special cases of the present results.

  2. Pseudomembranous trigonitis in a male with Klinefelter syndrome: a case report and evidence of a hormonal etiology

    OpenAIRE

    Lian, Derrick WQ; Li, Fay X; Ong, Caroline CP; Kuick, CH; Chang, Kenneth TE

    2014-01-01

    Klinefelter syndrome is a clinical syndrome with a distinct 47, XXY karyotype. Patients are characterized by a tall eunuchoid stature, small testes, hypergonotrophic hypogonadism, gynecomastia, learning difficulties and infertility. These patients have also been found to have raised estrogen levels. We report a 16 year old boy with Klinefelter syndrome presenting to our institution with gross hematuria. Cystoscopy and biopsy revealed the diagnosis of pseudomembranous trigonitis. Immunohistoch...

  3. Network diversity through decoration of trigonal-prismatic nodes: Two-step crystal engineering of cationic metal-organic materials

    KAUST Repository

    Schoedel, Alexander

    2011-10-05

    MOMs the word! In a two-step process, first a trigonal-prismatic Primary Molecular Building Block ([Cr3O(isonic)6]+, tp-PMBB-1) was formed and then it was connected to linear linkers or square-planar nodes to afford three novel highly charged cationic metal-organic materials (MOMs) with snx, snw, and stp topologies. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  4. POPULATION DYNAMICS OF PSEUDO-NITZSCHIA SPECIES ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    nb

    ABSTRACT. The genus Pseudo-nitzschia is a chain-forming diatom comprising about 30 species some of which are known to produce domoic acid (DA) that causes amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP). The current study aimed at assessing the population dynamics of Pseudo-nitzschia in the near shore waters of Dar es ...

  5. Population dynamics of Pseudo-nitzschia species ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The genus Pseudo-nitzschia is a chain-forming diatom comprising about 30 species some of which are known to produce domoic acid (DA) that causes amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP). The current study aimed at assessing the population dynamics of Pseudo-nitzschia in the near shore waters of Dar es Salaam. Samples ...

  6. Subadditive functions and their (pseudo-)inverses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østerdal, Lars Peter

    2006-01-01

    The paper considers non-negative increasing functions on intervals with left endpoint closed at zero and investigates the duality between subadditivity and superadditivity via the inverse function and pseudo-inverses......The paper considers non-negative increasing functions on intervals with left endpoint closed at zero and investigates the duality between subadditivity and superadditivity via the inverse function and pseudo-inverses...

  7. Syntheses, structures and physical properties of transition metal-organic frameworks assembled from trigonal heterofunctional ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Shu-Yan; Song, Xue-Zhi; Zhao, Shu-Na; Qin, Chao; Su, Sheng-Qun; Zhu, Min; Hao, Zhao-Min; Zhang, Hong-Jie

    2012-09-14

    Six novel metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), {Mn(bpydb)(bpyHdbH)}(n) (1) {[Co(2)(bpydb)(2)](H(2)O)(0.5)}(n) (2), {[Ni(0.5)(bpydbH)(H(2)O)](DMF)(2)}(n) (3), {[Cu(2)(bpydb)(2)](H(2)O)(0.5)}(n) (4), {Zn(bpyHdb)(2)}(n) (5) and {[Cd(0.5)(bpydb)(0.5)(DMF)](H(2)O)}(n) (6), were successfully synthesized by assembling transition metal salts with trigonal heterofunctional ligand 4,4'-(4,4'-bipyridine-2,6-diyl) dibenzoic acid (bpydbH(2)) under hydrothermal and/or solvothermal conditions. Compound 1 features a rare 4-fold interpenetrating (3,5)-connected framework with hms-type topology. Isostructural compounds 2 and 4, constructed by M(2)(COO)(4) secondary building units, exhibit a robust 3D framework with alb topological type in 2-fold interpenetrating mode. Compound 3 consists of 2D (4,4) networks, which are further assembled into the new topological framework with the symbol (5(3)·6(2)·8)(5(3)·6(3))(2) through O-HO interactions. Compound 5 manifests a novel 4-connected interpenetrating framework, constructed by 2D (4,4) layers and interbedded N-HO interactions. Non-interpenetrating honeycomb networks are observed in compound 6, and further packed into a 3D framework featuring 1D channels. The magnetic susceptibility of compound 2 indicates antiferromagnetic interactions between cobalt ions. The photoluminescent properties of 5 and 6 were investigated in the solid state at room temperature.

  8. Pseudo-Haptic Feedback in Teleoperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neupert, Carsten; Matich, Sebastian; Scherping, Nick; Kupnik, Mario; Werthschutzky, Roland; Hatzfeld, Christian

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we develop possible realizations of pseudo-haptic feedback in teleoperation systems based on existing works for pseudo-haptic feedback in virtual reality and the intended applications. We derive four potential factors affecting the performance of haptic feedback (calculation operator, maximum displacement, offset force, and scaling factor), which are analyzed in three compliance identification experiments. First, we analyze the principle usability of pseudo-haptic feedback by comparing information transfer measures for teleoperation and direct interaction. Pseudo-haptic interaction yields well above-chance performance, while direct interaction performs almost perfectly. In order to optimize pseudo-haptic feedback, in the second study we perform a full-factorial experimental design with 36 subjects performing 6,480 trials with 36 different treatments. Information transfer ranges from 0.68 bit to 1.72 bit in a task with a theoretical maximum of 2.6 bit, with a predominant effect of the calculation operator and a minor effect of the maximum displacement. In a third study, short- and long-term learning effects are analyzed. Learning effects regarding the performance of pseudo-haptic feedback cannot be observed for single-day experiments. Tests over 10 days show a maximum increase in information transfer of 0.8 bit. The results show the feasibility of pseudo-haptic feedback for teleoperation and can be used as design basis for task-specific systems.

  9. Pseudo-periodic partitions of biological sequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lugang; Jin, Renchao; Kok, Poh-Lin; Wan, Honghui

    2004-02-12

    Algorithm development for finding typical patterns in sequences, especially multiple pseudo-repeats (pseudo-periodic regions), is at the core of many problems arising in biological sequence and structure analysis. In fact, one of the most significant features of biological sequences is their high quasi-repetitiveness. Variation in the quasi-repetitiveness of genomic and proteomic texts demonstrates the presence and density of different biologically important information. It is very important to develop sensitive automatic computational methods for the identification of pseudo-periodic regions of sequences through which we can infer, describe and understand biological properties, and seek precise molecular details of biological structures, dynamics, interactions and evolution. We develop a novel, powerful computational tool for partitioning a sequence to pseudo-periodic regions. The pseudo-periodic partition is defined as a partition, which intuitively has the minimal bias to some perfect-periodic partition of the sequence based on the evolutionary distance. We devise a quadratic time and space algorithm for detecting a pseudo-periodic partition for a given sequence, which actually corresponds to the shortest path in the main diagonal of the directed (acyclic) weighted graph constructed by the Smith-Waterman self-alignment of the sequence. We use several typical examples to demonstrate the utilization of our algorithm and software system in detecting functional or structural domains and regions of proteins. A big advantage of our software program is that there is a parameter, the granularity factor, associated with it and we can freely choose a biological sequence family as a training set to determine the best parameter. In general, we choose all repeats (including many pseudo-repeats) in the SWISS-PROT amino acid sequence database as a typical training set. We show that the granularity factor is 0.52 and the average agreement accuracy of pseudo-periodic partitions

  10. Families of quasi-pseudo-metrics generated by probabilistic quasi-pseudo-metric spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariusz T. Grabiec

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper contains a study of families of quasi-pseudo-metrics (the concept of a quasi-pseudo-metric was introduced by Wilson (1931 , Albert (1941 and Kelly (1963 generated by probabilistic quasi-pseudo-metric-spaces which are generalization of probabilistic metric space (PM-space shortly [2, 3, 4, 6]. The idea of PM-spaces was introduced by Menger (1942, 1951, Schweizer and Sklar (1983 and Serstnev (1965. Families of pseudo-metrics generated by PM-spaces and those generalizing PM-spaces have been described by Stevens (1968 and Nishiure (1970.

  11. Chemically exfoliated Mo S2 layers: Spectroscopic evidence for the semiconducting nature of the dominant trigonal metastable phase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, Banabir; Singh, Anjali; Sharada, G.; Mahale, Pratibha; Kumar, Abhinav; Thirupathaiah, S.; Sezen, H.; Amati, M.; Gregoratti, Luca; Waghmare, Umesh V.; Sarma, D. D.

    2017-11-01

    A metastable trigonal phase, existing only as small patches on a chemically exfoliated few-layered, thermodynamically stable 1 H phase of Mo S2 , is believed to critically influence the properties of Mo S2 -based devices. The electronic structure of this metastable phase is little understood in the absence of a direct experimental investigation of its electronic properties, complicated further by conflicting claims from theoretical investigations. We address this issue by investigating the electronic structure of this minority phase in chemically exfoliated Mo S2 few-layered systems by enhancing its contributions with the use of highly spatially resolved (≤120 nm resolution) photoemission spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy in conjunction with state-of-the-art electronic structure calculations. Based on these results, we establish that the ground state of this phase, arrived at by the chemical exfoliation of Mo S2 using the usual Li intercalation technique, is a small gap (˜90 ±40 meV ) semiconductor in contrast to most claims in the literature; we also identify the specific trigonal structure it has among many suggested ones.

  12. Pseudo-capacitor device for aqueous electrolytes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, J.; Thackeray, M.M.; Dees, D.W.; Vissers, D.R.; Myles, K.M.

    1998-11-24

    A pseudo-capacitor having a high energy storage capacity develops a double layer capacitance as well as a Faradaic or battery-like redox reaction, also referred to as pseudo-capacitance. The Faradaic reaction gives rise to a capacitance much greater than that of the typical ruthenate oxide ultracapacitor which develops only charge separation-based double layer capacitance. The capacitor employs a lead and/or bismuth/ruthenate and/or iridium system having the formula A{sub 2}[B{sub 2{minus}x}Pb{sub x}]O{sub 7{minus}y}, where A=Pb, Bi, and B=Ru, Ir, and Opseudo-capacitance, affords high energy/power density in the pseudo-capacitor. The amount of expensive ruthenate and iridium can be substantially reduced in the pseudo-capacitor by increasing the lead content while improving energy storage capacity. 8 figs.

  13. Aerodynamics of the pseudo-glottis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotby, M N; Hegazi, M A; Kamal, I; Gamal El Dien, N; Nassar, J

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this work is to study the hitherto unclear aerodynamic parameters of the pseudo-glottis following total laryngectomy. These parameters include airflow rate, sub-pseudo-glottic pressure (SubPsG), efficiency and resistance, as well as sound pressure level (SPL). Eighteen male patients who have undergone total laryngectomy, with an age range from 54 to 72 years, were investigated in this study. All tested patients were fluent esophageal 'voice' speakers utilizing tracheo-esophageal prosthesis. The airflow rate, SubPsG and SPL were measured. The results showed that the mean value of the airflow rate was 53 ml/s, the SubPsG pressure was 13 cm H(2)O, while the SPL was 66 dB. The normative data obtained from the true glottis in healthy age-matched subjects are 89 ml/s, 7.9 cm H(2)O and 70 dB, respectively. Other aerodynamic indices were calculated and compared to the data obtained from the true glottis. Such a comparison of the pseudo-glottic aerodynamic data to the data of the true glottis gives an insight into the mechanism of action of the pseudo-glottis. The data obtained suggests possible clinical applications in pseudo-voice training. Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  14. SEARCHING FOR LOW WEIGHT PSEUDO-CODEWORDS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    CHERTKOV, MICHAEL [Los Alamos National Laboratory; STEPANOV, MIKHAIL [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2007-01-23

    Belief Propagation (BP) and Linear Programming (LP) decodings of LDPC codes are discussed. The authors summarize results of instanton/pseudo-codeword approach developed for analysis of the error-floor domain of the codes. Instantons are special, code and decoding specific, configurations of the channel noise contributing most to the Frame-Error-Rate (FER). Instantons are decoded into pseudo-codewords. Instanton/pseudo-codeword with the lowest weight describes the largest Signal-to-Noise-Ratio (SNR) asymptotic of FER, while the whole spectra of the low weight instantons is descriptive of the FER vs. SNR profile in the extended error-floor domain. First, they describe a general optimization method that allows to find the instantons for any coding/decoding. Second, they introduce LP-specific pseudo-codeword search algorithm that allows efficient calculations of the pseudo-codeword spectra. Finally, they discuss results of combined BP/LP error-floor exploration experiments for two mode codes.

  15. Pseudo exchange bias due to rotational anisotropy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ehrmann, A., E-mail: andrea.ehrmann@fh-bielefeld.de [Faculty of Engineering and Mathematics, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, 33619 Bielefeld (Germany); Komraus, S.; Blachowicz, T.; Domino, K. [Institute of Physics – Center for Science and Education, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice (Poland); Nees, M.K.; Jakobs, P.J.; Leiste, H. [Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Mathes, M.; Schaarschmidt, M. [ACCESS e. V., 57072 Aachen (Germany)

    2016-08-15

    Ferromagnetic nanostructure arrays with particle dimensions between 160 nm and 400 nm were created by electron-beam lithography. The permalloy structures consist of rectangular-shaped walls around a square open space. While measuring their magnetic properties using the Magneto-Optical Kerr Effect (MOKE), in some angular regions an exchange bias (EB) seemed to appear. This paper gives an overview of possible reasons for this “pseudo exchange bias” and shows experimentally and by means of micromagnetic simulations that this effect can be attributed to unintentionally measuring minor loops. - Highlights: • Pseudo exchange bias can be found in square Py nanorings of different dimensions. • Pseudo exchange bias stems from unintentionally measuring minor loops. • New approach in explaining “real” exchange bias effect in coupled FM/AFM systems. • Theoretical base to explain other measurements of a rotational anisotropy.

  16. An Unusual Pseudo-Coordination Polymer of Dithia-18-Crown-6 with Heavy Metal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Gyeongchan [Yeosu High School, Yeosu (Korea, Republic of); Park, Inhyeok; Lee, Shimsung [Gyeongsang National Univ., Jinju (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-11-15

    The assembly reactions of 1,10-dithia-18-crown-6 (L) with mercury(II) and/or cadmium(II) salts provide metallosupramolecules with the unusual arrangement due to the formation of the mercury(II) halides (chloride and iodide) clusters which locate outside the macrocyclic cavity. In the reaction with mercury(II) chloride, we were able to isolate the 1D pseudo-coordination polymer 1 which resembles the ivy leaves. In 1, it is considered that the 1D zigzag array of Hg-Cl-Hg-Cl chain as a leaf-stem and the macrocyclic complexes as leaves. While, from the reaction of mercury(II) iodide and cadmium(II) iodide mixture, the discrete complex 2 with two macrocyclic cadmium(II) complex cation parts and one mercury(II) iodide cluster anion part was isolated. In both cases, each metal center is seven-coordinate, being bound to all the donors of L, with its seventh site being occupied by one halide atom, adopting a distorted monocapped trigonal prism.

  17. A pseudo-matched filter for chaos

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, Seth D.; Gauthier, Daniel J.

    2012-01-01

    A matched filter maximizes the signal-to-noise ratio of a signal. In the recent work of Corron et al. [Chaos 20, 023123 (2010)], a matched filter is derived for the chaotic waveforms produced by a piecewise-linear system. Motivated by these results, we describe a pseudo-matched filter, which removes noise from the same chaotic signal. It consists of a notch filter followed by a first-order, low-pass filter. We compare quantitatively the matched filter's performance to that of our pseudo-match...

  18. A case of Pseudo-Bartter syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Ik; Choi, Bo Whan; Lee, Yul; Chung, Soo Young [College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-10-15

    Pseudo-Bartter Syndrome is a rare medical disease of the kidney characterized by normal blood pressure, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hyperreninemia and hyperaldosteronism with drug history of diuretics. We report US, CT and MRI findings of a patients with clinically proved Pseudo-Bartter syndrome. The patient was a 37 year old woman with a history of long term ingestion of the diuretics(furosemide) for 20 years. Renal US revealed hyperechoic renal medulla at both kidneys. The resistive index(RI), calculated from the duplex doppler waveform is 0.61. Unenhanced CT revealed faint high attenuation along the medulla. T1-weighted MRI revealed indistinct corticomedullary differentiation.

  19. Modulation of luminescence by subtle anion-cation and anion-π interactions in a trigonal Au(I)···Cu(I) complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kelly; Strasser, Christoph E; Schmitt, Jennifer C; Shearer, Jason; Catalano, Vincent J

    2012-02-06

    The trigonally coordinated [AuCu(PPh(2)py)(3)](BF(4))(2) (1) crystallizes in two polymorphs and a pseudopolymorph, each of which contains a trigonally coordinated cation with short Au(I)-Cu(I) separations of ∼2.7 Å. Under UV illumination, these crystals luminesce different colors ranging from blue to yellow. The structures of these cations are nearly superimposable, and the primary difference resides in the relative placement of the anions and solvate molecules. As confirmed by time-dependent density functional theory calculations, it is these interactions that are responsible for the differential emission properties.

  20. Impact of Dose to the Bladder Trigone on Long-Term Urinary Function After High-Dose Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy for Localized Prostate Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghadjar, Pirus; Zelefsky, Michael J.; Spratt, Daniel E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Munck af Rosenschöld, Per; Oh, Jung Hun; Hunt, Margie [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Kollmeier, Marisa [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Happersett, Laura; Yorke, Ellen; Deasy, Joseph O. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Jackson, Andrew, E-mail: jacksona@mskcc.org [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

    2014-02-01

    Purpose: To determine the potential association between genitourinary (GU) toxicity and planning dose–volume parameters for GU pelvic structures after high-dose intensity modulated radiation therapy in localized prostate cancer patients. Methods and Materials: A total of 268 patients who underwent intensity modulated radiation therapy to a prescribed dose of 86.4 Gy in 48 fractions during June 2004-December 2008 were evaluated with the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire. Dose–volume histograms of the whole bladder, bladder wall, urethra, and bladder trigone were analyzed. The primary endpoint for GU toxicity was an IPSS sum increase ≥10 points over baseline. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done by the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard models, respectively. Results: Median follow-up was 5 years (range, 3-7.7 years). Thirty-nine patients experienced an IPSS sum increase ≥10 during follow-up; 84% remained event free at 5 years. After univariate analysis, lower baseline IPSS sum (P=.006), the V90 of the trigone (P=.006), and the maximal dose to the trigone (P=.003) were significantly associated with an IPSS sum increase ≥10. After multivariate analysis, lower baseline IPSS sum (P=.009) and increased maximal dose to the trigone (P=.005) remained significantly associated. Seventy-two patients had both a lower baseline IPSS sum and a higher maximal dose to the trigone and were defined as high risk, and 68 patients had both a higher baseline IPSS sum and a lower maximal dose to the trigone and were defined as low risk for development of an IPSS sum increase ≥10. Twenty-one of 72 high-risk patients (29%) and 5 of 68 low-risk patients (7%) experienced an IPSS sum increase ≥10 (P=.001; odds ratio 5.19). Conclusions: The application of hot spots to the bladder trigone was significantly associated with relevant changes in IPSS during follow-up. Reduction of radiation dose to the lower bladder and specifically the

  1. Some Properties of Weighted Pseudo almost Periodic Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhe-Ming Zheng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Several interesting and new properties of weighted pseudo almost periodic functions are established. Firstly, we obtain an equivalent definition for weighted pseudo almost periodic functions, which shows a close relationship between asymptotically almost periodic functions and weighted pseudo almost periodic functions; secondly, we prove that the space of asymptotically almost periodic functions is always a proper subspace of the space of weighted pseudo almost periodic functions; thirdly, we show that under some cases, the space of weighted pseudo almost periodic functions equals the classical space of pseudo almost periodic functions.

  2. Pseudo--Normals for Signed Distance Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanæs, Henrik; Bærentzen, Jakob Andreas

    2003-01-01

    undertake showing that the angle weighted pseudo--normal has an important property, namely that it allows us to discriminate between points that are inside and points that are outside the mesh. This result is used for proposing a simple and efficient algorithm for computing the signed distance field from...

  3. POPULATION DYNAMICS OF PSEUDO-NITZSCHIA SPECIES ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    nb

    coastal waters of the Western Indian Ocean has been reported before (Bryceson ... Ocean. There is however no study, which has analyzed the seasonal distribution of. Pseudo-nitzschia species along the. Tanzanian coastal waters as well as factors regulating such ... cleaned plastic vials and immediately kept cool on ice for ...

  4. A pseudo-matched filter for chaos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Seth D; Gauthier, Daniel J

    2012-09-01

    A matched filter maximizes the signal-to-noise ratio of a signal. In the recent work of Corron et al. [Chaos 20, 023123 (2010)], a matched filter is derived for the chaotic waveforms produced by a piecewise-linear system. This system produces a readily available binary symbolic dynamics that can be used to perform correlations in the presence of large amounts of noise using the matched filter. Motivated by these results, we describe a pseudo-matched filter, which operates similarly to the original matched filter. It consists of a notch filter followed by a first-order, low-pass filter. We compare quantitatively the matched filter's performance to that of our pseudo-matched filter using correlation functions. On average, the pseudo-matched filter performs with a correlation signal-to-noise ratio that is 2.0 dB below that of the matched filter. Our pseudo-matched filter, though somewhat inferior in comparison to the matched filter, is easily realizable at high speed (>1 GHz) for potential radar applications.

  5. Pseudo-Canonical Formulae are Classical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caminati Marco B.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available An original result about Hilbert Positive Propositional Calculus introduced in [11] is proven. That is, it is shown that the pseudo-canonical formulae of that calculus (and hence also the canonical ones, see [17] are a subset of the classical tautologies.

  6. Pseudo-observations in survival analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Per Kragh; Perme, Maja Pohar

    2010-01-01

    -state models, e.g. the competing risks cumulative incidence function. Graphical and numerical methods for assessing goodness-of-fit for hazard regression models and for the Fine-Gray model in competing risks studies based on pseudo-observations are also reviewed. Sensitivity to covariate-dependent censoring...... is studied. The methods are illustrated using a data set from bone marrow transplantation....

  7. Investigation of Self-Assembly of Two-Component Organogel System Based on Trigonal Acids and Aminobenzothiazole Derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youbo Di

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We reported here the gelation behaviors of two-component organogel system based on different acids and aminobenzothiazole derivatives in various organic solvents. Their gelation behaviors in 20 solvents were tested as new organic gelators. It was shown that the molecular skeletons and substituted groups in these compounds played a crucial role in the gelation behavior of the mixtures. Only the binary mixture of 2-aminobenzothiazole and trigonal 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid with aromatic core could form organogels in ethanol and acetone. Morphological observations reveal that the microstructures of both xerogels showed similar wrinkle-shaped domains composed of sheet-like aggregates with many holes. Spectral studies reveal the hydrogen bonding interaction between the amide of the gelator and lamellar-like structure of the aggregates in both gels. The present investigation is a perspective to provide new clues for the design of new nanomaterials and functional textile materials with special microstructures.

  8. 4,6-connected fsb topology networks obtained through two-step crystal engineering of decorated trigonal prismatic nodes

    KAUST Repository

    Schoedel, Alexander

    2014-05-07

    A two-step crystal engineering strategy has been utilized to synthesize a new and versatile class of metal-organic materials, the first to exhibit 4,6-connected fsb topology. The new fsb networks are constructed from simple and inexpensive nodes (4-connected Zn(CO2)(py)2 tetrahedra; 6-connected Cr(μ3-O)(RCO2)6 trigonal prisms) and linker ligands (isonicotinate and various dicarboxylates). Further, since interpenetration is precluded, they can exhibit extra-large void volumes. These fsb nets are prototypal for what should ultimately become a large family of related structures given the ready availability of functionalized and/or expanded variants of both linker ligands. The fsb nets described herein therefore represent platforms or blueprints for a new family of ultrahigh surface area porous materials. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

  9. Total cystectomy for treatment of transitional cell carcinoma of the urethra and bladder trigone in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boston, Sarah; Singh, Ameet

    2014-03-01

    To report total cystectomy with reimplantation of the ureters in the proximal aspect of the vagina. Case report. An 11-year-old female spayed Vizsla with spontaneously occurring transitional cell carcinoma of the urethra and bladder. After initial treatment for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder trigone with urethral stent placement and chemotherapy, the dog developed urinary incontinence 2 months after stent placement. Eleven months after initial diagnosis, the dog developed pulmonary metastasis and local progression, leading to bilateral ureteral dilatation. After palliative radiation, total cystectomy was performed. The owners elected euthanasia 442 days after original presentation and 92 days after total cystectomy. Euthanasia was unrelated to the surgical procedure, but was related to the primary disease. Total cystectomy is a technically feasible procedure that should be considered for the treatment of bladder cancer in dogs. © Copyright 2014 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  10. Radical Cystectomy and Cutaneous Ureterostomy in 4 Dogs with Trigonal Transitional Cell Carcinoma: Description of Technique and Case Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricardo Huppes, Rafael; Crivellenti, Leandro Z; Barboza De Nardi, Andrigo; Roque Lima, Bruno; Alves Cintra, Cristiane; Luiz Costa Castro, Jorge; Adin, Christopher A

    2017-01-01

    To describe radical cystectomy followed by cutaneous ureterostomy as a treatment of invasive bladder neoplasia in dogs. Retrospective study. Client-owned dogs with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder trigone (n=4). Perioperative complications and long-term outcomes of dogs that underwent cutaneous ureterostomy following radical cystectomy and lymphadenectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder trigone were reviewed. Both ureters were transected and anastomosed to the ventral abdominal skin. Polyvinyl chloride catheters were placed in the ureteral stomas and maintained for 5 days. After catheter removal, dogs were managed with an absorbent diaper over the stomas. Long-term outcome and survival were documented by follow-up visits or phone contact. Median age at the time of surgery was 10.3 years (range, 8-12). Average procedural time was ∼4.7 hours (range, 3.8-6.1). Minor complications occurred in all dogs, including bleeding and edema of the ureterostomy site during the first 2-3 days after surgery. One dog developed urine scald that resolved with improved stoma care and hygiene. Median survival time after surgery was 278.6 days (range, 47-498). Distant metastases were documented in 2 dogs at 47 days (bone) and 369 days (lung) after surgery. Radical cystectomy with cutaneous ureterostomy is a viable salvage procedure for urinary diversion after cystectomy in dogs with invasive bladder neoplasia. Postoperative management and quality of life were considered acceptable by most owners. Future studies are warranted to evaluate survival time in a larger number of animals. © 2016 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  11. Primary palpebral and orbital ossification in pseudo-pseudohypoparathyroidism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klauber, S.; Heegaard, S.; Prause, J.U.

    2002-01-01

    ophthalmology, Albright's heriditary osteodystrophy, ossification, pseudo-pseudohypoparathyroidism, pseodohypoparathyroidism, hypothyroidism, GNAS1 gene, history, eyelid, orbit......ophthalmology, Albright's heriditary osteodystrophy, ossification, pseudo-pseudohypoparathyroidism, pseodohypoparathyroidism, hypothyroidism, GNAS1 gene, history, eyelid, orbit...

  12. Wavefield extrapolation in pseudo-depth domain

    KAUST Repository

    Ma, Xuxin

    2012-01-01

    Extrapolating seismic waves in Cartesian coordinate is prone to uneven spatial sampling, because the seismic wavelength tends to grow with depth, as velocity increase. We transform the vertical depth axis to a pseudo one using a velocity weighted mapping, which can effectively mitigate this wavelength variation. We derive acoustic wave equations in this new domain based on the direct transformation of the Laplacian derivatives, which admits solutions that are more accurate and stable than those derived from the kinematic transformation. The anisotropic versions of these equations allow us to isolate the vertical velocity influence and reduce its impact on modeling and imaging. The major benefit of extrapolating wavefields in pseudo-depth space is its near uniform wavelength as opposed to the normally dramatic change of wavelength with the conventional approach. Time wavefield extrapolation on a complex velocity shows some of the features of this approach.

  13. Pseudo-differential operators and generalized functions

    CERN Document Server

    Toft, Joachim

    2015-01-01

    This book gathers peer-reviewed contributions representing modern trends in the theory of generalized functions and pseudo-differential operators. It is dedicated to Professor Michael Oberguggenberger (Innsbruck University, Austria) in honour of his 60th birthday. The topics covered were suggested by the ISAAC Group in Generalized Functions (GF) and the ISAAC Group in Pseudo-Differential Operators (IGPDO), which met at the 9th ISAAC congress in Krakow, Poland in August 2013. Topics include Columbeau algebras, ultra-distributions, partial differential equations, micro-local analysis, harmonic analysis, global analysis, geometry, quantization, mathematical physics, and time-frequency analysis. Featuring both essays and research articles, the book will be of great interest to graduate students and researchers working in analysis, PDE and mathematical physics, while also offering a valuable complement to the volumes on this topic previously published in the OT series.

  14. Inflation and pseudo-Goldstone Higgs boson

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alanne, Tommi; Sannino, Francesco; Tenkanen, Tommi

    2017-01-01

    We consider inflation within a model framework where the Higgs boson arises as a pseudo-Goldstone boson associated with the breaking of a global symmetry at a scale significantly larger than the electroweak one. We show that in such a model the scalar self-couplings can be parametrically suppressed...... field. Our model therefore suggests that inflation and low energy particle phenomenology may be more entwined than assumed so far....

  15. Pseudo-Hermitian random matrix theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, S. C. L.; Jain, S. R.

    2013-02-01

    Complex extension of quantum mechanics and the discovery of pseudo-unitarily invariant random matrix theory has set the stage for a number of applications of these concepts in physics. We briefly review the basic ideas and present applications to problems in statistical mechanics where new results have become possible. We have found it important to mention the precise directions where advances could be made if further results become available.

  16. Pseudo-Hermitian random matrix theory

    OpenAIRE

    Srivastava, Shashi C. L.; Jain, S. R.

    2013-01-01

    Complex extension of quantum mechanics and the discovery of pseudo-unitarily invariant random matrix theory has set the stage for a number of applications of these concepts in physics. We briefly review the basic ideas and present applications to problems in statistical mechanics where new results have become possible. We have found it important to mention the precise directions where advances could be made if further results become available.

  17. Wavefield Extrapolation in Pseudo-depth Domain

    KAUST Repository

    Ma, Xuxin

    2011-12-11

    Wave-equation based seismic migration and inversion tools are widely used by the energy industry to explore hydrocarbon and mineral resources. By design, most of these techniques simulate wave propagation in a space domain with the vertical axis being depth measured from the surface. Vertical depth is popular because it is a straightforward mapping of the subsurface space. It is, however, not computationally cost-effective because the wavelength changes with local elastic wave velocity, which in general increases with depth in the Earth. As a result, the sampling per wavelength also increases with depth. To avoid spatial aliasing in deep fast media, the seismic wave is oversampled in shallow slow media and therefore increase the total computation cost. This issue is effectively tackled by using the vertical time axis instead of vertical depth. This is because in a vertical time representation, the "wavelength" is essentially time period for vertical rays. This thesis extends the vertical time axis to the pseudo-depth axis, which features distance unit while preserving the properties of the vertical time representation. To explore the potentials of doing wave-equation based imaging in the pseudo-depth domain, a Partial Differential Equation (PDE) is derived to describe acoustic wave in this new domain. This new PDE is inherently anisotropic because the use of a constant vertical velocity to convert between depth and vertical time. Such anisotropy results in lower reflection coefficients compared with conventional space domain modeling results. This feature is helpful to suppress the low wavenumber artifacts in reverse-time migration images, which are caused by the widely used cross-correlation imaging condition. This thesis illustrates modeling acoustic waves in both conventional space domain and pseudo-depth domain. The numerical tool used to model acoustic waves is built based on the lowrank approximation of Fourier integral operators. To investigate the potential

  18. Evaluation of sinking-in and cracking behavior of soda-lime glass under varying angle of trigonal pyramid indenter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satoshi Yoshida

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that glass undergoes elastic and inelastic deformation under a sharp diamond indenter. Although brittle or less-brittle behavior of glass must be connected with such mechanical responses of glass under the indenter, there has been limited research on in-situ deformation behavior of glass during the loading and unloading indentation cycle. This is because most indentation tests were conducted using a commercial hardness tester for which this information is not available. In this study, the in-situ sinking-in region of glass during indentation test is determined using a custom-designed indentation microscope with trigonal pyramid indenters having different tip angles. It is found that both the shape of contact region and the amount of sinking-in are affected by indenter geometries, and that the projected contact region of the glass sample under Berkovich indenter is not a regular triangle, but a concave triangle with bowed-in edges. This is due to the larger amount of sinking-in under the face than under the ridge of indenter. It is also found that these deformation behaviors of glass are inseparably linked with contact damage or cracking in glass.

  19. Pseudo-Hermitian random matrix theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Srivastava, S.C.L. [RIBFG, Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF Bidhan nagar, Kolkata-700 064 (India); Jain, S.R. [NPD, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-400 085 (India)

    2013-02-15

    Complex extension of quantum mechanics and the discovery of pseudo-unitarily invariant random matrix theory has set the stage for a number of applications of these concepts in physics. We briefly review the basic ideas and present applications to problems in statistical mechanics where new results have become possible. We have found it important to mention the precise directions where advances could be made if further results become available. (Copyright copyright 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  20. Bladder rupture causing pseudo acute renal failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Andrea Avena Smeili

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Bladder rupture is a rare condition associated with significant morbidityand mortality. It is classified into traumatic, nontraumatic or idiopathic andspontaneous. The nonspecific initial clinical presentation is followed bydiscomfort in the lower abdomen, oliguria, hematuria and ascitis. Laboratoryabnormalities simulate the picture of acute renal failure and occurs by amechanism called auto reverse dialysis, with absorption of excreta throughthe peritoneal membrane. The authors describe a case of bladder rupturein morphologically and functionally normal urinary bladder associated withalcohol intake in young healthy man, manifested by abdominal discomfort,pseudo renal failure and massive ascitis. The diagnosis was made by anabdominal multidetector computed tomography confirmed by the finding of7 cm laceration at laparotomy.

  1. Pseudo ventricular tachycardia: a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Riaz, A

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Dramatic artifacts of pseudo flutter have been reported in the past secondary to various factors including tremor (Handwerker and Raptopoulos in N Engl J Med 356:503, 2007) and dialysis machines (Kostis et al. in J Electrocardiol 40(4):316-318, 2007). METHODS: We present this unusual case where the artifact, produced by tremor, was so pronounced to be misdiagnosed and treated as ventricular tachycardia. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the importance of correlating ECG findings with history and clinical examination and of using 12 lead ECGs for rhythm interpretation especially to confirm consistence of arrhythmias in all leads.

  2. Pseudo-communication vs Quasi-communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Елена Константиновна Черничкина

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the analysis of such specific forms of human interaction as quasi- and pseudo-communication. The authors specify the terms which sometimes are used interchangeably. The aim of the conducted research is to find out and demonstrate existing differences and similarities of these communicative phenomena on the basis of theoretical and empirical analysis of the research material in the Russian and English languages. The authors describe communicative features of these phenomena and consider the reasons for such forms of communication and their increased use at present. The research material is represented fiction extracts, film scripts, jokes, print media, a collection of oral speech records both in Russian and English. The authors make use of the following research methods: definitional analysis (to define the terminology of the research, the method of linguistic observation and introspection (to select the communicative situations, the descriptive-analytical method and the method of comparative analysis (to identify similarities and differences of the target phenomena, and the conversational analysis method (to view productivity and effectiveness of a dialogue, etc. The classification of possible forms of their existence in different discourses is suggested. The authors assume that both pseudo- and quasi-communication are characterized as fictitious forms of human interaction with some noticeable violation of the basic communicative model. Pseudo-communication suffers from the discrepancy of the meaning of a coded and decoded message. The authors put forward the main parameters of scientific classification of it as follows: adequate understanding, intentionality, and the stage of communicative action where the failure takes place. At the same time they stress the necessity to distinguish the cases of pseudo talks from phatic and indirect communication. Quasi-communcation is marked by the lack of a real partner and hence

  3. Ferroquadrupolar Ordering due to the Quasi-degenerate Quartet in the Trigonal Chiral Structure of DyNi3Ga9

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, Isao; Takezawa, Kohki; Mizuno, Takuyou; Kamikawa, Shuhei; Ninomiya, Hiroki; Matsumoto, Yuji; Ohara, Shigeo; Mitsumoto, Keisuke; Suzuki, Takashi

    2018-01-01

    To clarify the origin of the phase transition at TN = 10 K in the trigonal chiral compound DyNi3Ga9, we performed ultrasonic measurements on single-crystalline samples. We found a significant elastic softening of the transverse modulus C66 toward TN. By analyzing the data using the strain susceptibility, the positive sign of the quadrupole-quadrupole coupling constant for C66 was obtained. These results strongly suggest that ferroquadrupolar ordering will be dominant for the phase transition at TN. Below TN, crystal symmetry will lower from the trigonal structure. Elastic softening below TN occurs in the other elastic moduli, reflecting that some kind of instability is still alive below TN. Elastic anomalies detected below TN suggest successive phase transitions.

  4. Highly porous and robust ionic MOFs with nia topology constructed by connecting an octahedral ligand and a trigonal prismatic metal cluster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Jiangtao; Sun, Fuxing; Borjigin, Tsolmon; Ren, Hao; Zhang, Tingting; Bian, Zheng; Gao, Lianxun; Zhu, Guangshan

    2012-06-18

    Two non-interpenetrated and isomorphous MOFs with nia topology, cationic JUC-101 and anionic JUC-102, are synthesized by connecting a trigonal prismatic metal cluster with an octahedral organic ligand. JUC-101 obtains a BET surface area of 3742 m(2) g(-1) and can absorb 4.18 wt% of H2 at 30 atm and 77 K, while JUC-102 can absorb cationic dye molecules and release them under the triggering of ions.

  5. Suggestive Evidence for the Involvement of the Second Calcium and Surface Loop in Interfacial Binding: Monoclinci and Trigonal Crystal Structures of a Quadruple Mutant of Phospholipase A2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sekar,K.; Yogavel, M.; Kanaujia, S.; Sharma, A.; Velmurugan, D.; Poi, M.; Dauter, Z.; Tsai, M.

    2006-01-01

    The crystal structures of the monoclinic and trigonal forms of the quadruple mutant K53,56,120,121M of recombinant bovine pancreatic phospholipase A{sub 2} (PLA{sub 2}) have been solved and refined at 1.9 and 1.1 Angstroms resolution, respectively. Interestingly, the monoclinic form reveals the presence of the second calcium ion. Furthermore, the surface-loop residues are ordered and the conformation of residues 62-66 is similar to that observed in other structures containing the second calcium ion. On the other hand, in the trigonal form the surface loop is disordered and the second calcium is absent. Docking studies suggest that the second calcium and residues Lys62 and Asp66 from the surface loop could be involved in the interaction with the polar head group of the membrane phospholipid. It is hypothesized that the two structures of the quadruple mutant, monoclinic and trigonal, represent the conformations of PLA2 at the lipid interface and in solution, respectively. A docked structure with a phospholipid molecule and with a transition-state analogue bound, one at the active site coordinating to the catalytic calcium and the other at the second calcium site, but both at the i-face, is presented.

  6. Scaphoid pseudo-arthrosis: Frequency, pathogenesis and course

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schunk, K.; Teifke, A.; Benning, R.; Dahm, M.; Thelen, R.; Schild, H.

    1989-06-01

    Eighty-three scaphoid pseudo-arthroses were found amongst 1.104 scaphoid examinations. Sixtyseven were present at the first examination and 16 pseudo-arthroses developed amongst 252 scaphoid fractures. Men were affected predominantly, particularly in the 20 to 40-year old group. Fractures in the proximal third of the scaphoid and vertical oblique fractures had a particular tendency to pseudo-arthrosis formation. The operative treatment of choice is a Matti-Russe bone graft. Only one patient in seven with definite scaphoid pseudo-arthrosis showed firm fusion. (orig.).

  7. Pseudo-Observables in Higgs decays

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    In view of future high-statistics data, it is useful to define a framework for precise determinations of the properties of the Higgs particle valid in generic extensions of the Standard Model. For Higgs decays, this goal can be achieved with a limited set of "Pseudo-Observables" (PO). The PO provides a systematic generalization of the "kappa-framework" so far adopted by the LHC experiments and provide a useful bridge between data and theory predictions. I discuss how the PO are defined, with particular attention to the h->4f decays, and how they can be used to test various dynamical and symmetry hypotheses about the Higgs sector. The relation between PO and EFT couplings is also discussed.

  8. Flights in a pseudo-chaotic system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowenstein, J H; Vivaldi, F

    2011-09-01

    We consider the problem of transport in a one-parameter family of piecewise rotations of the torus, for rotation number approaching 1∕4. This is a zero-entropy system which in this limit exhibits a divided phase space, with island chains immersed in a "pseudo-chaotic" region. We identify a novel mechanism for long-range transport, namely the adiabatic destruction of accelerator-mode islands. This process originates from the approximate translational invariance of the phase space and leads to long flights of linear motion, for a significant measure of initial conditions. We show that the asymptotic probability distribution of the flight lengths is determined by the geometric properties of a partition of the accelerator-mode island associated with the flight. We establish the existence of flights travelling distances of order O(1) in phase space. We provide evidence for the existence of a scattering process that connects flights travelling in opposite directions.

  9. Syngeneic AAV pseudo-vectors potentiates full vector transduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    An excessive amount of empty capsids are generated during regular AAV vector production process. These pseudo-vectors often remain in final vectors used for animal studies or clinical trials. The potential effects of these pseudo-vectors on AAV transduction have been a major concern. In the current ...

  10. Solutions of selected pseudo loop equations in water distribution ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper demonstrated the use of Microsoft Excel Solver (a computer package) in solving selected pseudo loop equations in pipe network analysis problems. Two pipe networks with pumps and overhead tanks were used to demonstrate the use of Microsoft Excel Solver in solving pseudo loops (open loops; networks with ...

  11. Pseudo-populations a basic concept in statistical surveys

    CERN Document Server

    Quatember, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    This book emphasizes that artificial or pseudo-populations play an important role in statistical surveys from finite universes in two manners: firstly, the concept of pseudo-populations may substantially improve users’ understanding of various aspects in the sampling theory and survey methodology; an example of this scenario is the Horvitz-Thompson estimator. Secondly, statistical procedures exist in which pseudo-populations actually have to be generated. An example of such a scenario can be found in simulation studies in the field of survey sampling, where close-to-reality pseudo-populations are generated from known sample and population data to form the basis for the simulation process. The chapters focus on estimation methods, sampling techniques, nonresponse, questioning designs and statistical disclosure control.This book is a valuable reference in understanding the importance of the pseudo-population concept and applying it in teaching and research.

  12. PseudoBase++: an extension of PseudoBase for easy searching, formatting and visualization of pseudoknots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taufer, Michela; Licon, Abel; Araiza, Roberto; Mireles, David; van Batenburg, F H D; Gultyaev, Alexander P; Leung, Ming-Ying

    2009-01-01

    Pseudoknots have been recognized to be an important type of RNA secondary structures responsible for many biological functions. PseudoBase, a widely used database of pseudoknot secondary structures developed at Leiden University, contains over 250 records of pseudoknots obtained in the past 25 years through crystallography, NMR, mutational experiments and sequence comparisons. To promptly address the growing analysis requests of the researchers on RNA structures and bring together information from multiple sources across the Internet to a single platform, we designed and implemented PseudoBase++, an extension of PseudoBase for easy searching, formatting and visualization of pseudoknots. PseudoBase++ (http://pseudobaseplusplus.utep.edu) maps the PseudoBase dataset into a searchable relational database including additional functionalities such as pseudoknot type. PseudoBase++ links each pseudoknot in PseudoBase to the GenBank record of the corresponding nucleotide sequence and allows scientists to automatically visualize RNA secondary structures with PseudoViewer. It also includes the capabilities of fine-grained reference searching and collecting new pseudoknot information.

  13. A pseudo-tetragonal tungsten bronze superstructure: a combined solution of the crystal structure of K6.4(Nb,Ta)(36.3)O94 with advanced transmission electron microscopy and neutron diffraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paria Sena, Robert; Babaryk, Artem A; Khainakov, Sergiy; Garcia-Granda, Santiago; Slobodyanik, Nikolay S; Van Tendeloo, Gustaaf; Abakumov, Artem M; Hadermann, Joke

    2016-01-21

    The crystal structure of the K6.4Nb28.2Ta8.1O94 pseudo-tetragonal tungsten bronze-type oxide was determined using a combination of X-ray powder diffraction, neutron diffraction and transmission electron microscopy techniques, including electron diffraction, high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), annular bright field STEM (ABF-STEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray compositional mapping (STEM-EDX). The compound crystallizes in the space group Pbam with unit cell parameters a = 37.468(9) Å, b = 12.493(3) Å, c = 3.95333(15) Å. The structure consists of corner sharing (Nb,Ta)O6 octahedra forming trigonal, tetragonal and pentagonal tunnels. All tetragonal tunnels are occupied by K(+) ions, while 1/3 of the pentagonal tunnels are preferentially occupied by Nb(5+)/Ta(5+) and 2/3 are occupied by K(+) in a regular pattern. A fractional substitution of K(+) in the pentagonal tunnels by Nb(5+)/Ta(5+) is suggested by the analysis of the HAADF-STEM images. In contrast to similar structures, such as K2Nb8O21, also parts of the trigonal tunnels are fractionally occupied by K(+) cations.

  14. La tuberculose abdominale pseudo-tumorale

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Barni, Rachid; Lahkim, Mohamed; Achour, Abdessamad

    2012-01-01

    Introduction L’objectif de ce travail est de rapporter cinq cas de tuberculose abdominale pseudo-tumorale afin d’en souligner les aspects diagnostiques et thérapeutiques. Cinq observations sont colligées dans le service de chirurgie générale de l’hôpital militaire Avicenne de Marrakech au cours de l’année 2007. Les aspects cliniques sont disparates. Ainsi, les auteurs ont noté un syndrome péritonéal dans un cas, une masse épigastrique dans un cas, une lésion suspect du sigmoïde dans un cas, une masse de la fosse iliaque droite dans un cas et une altération de l’état général avec fièvre dans le dernier cas. Un seul patient avaient bénéficié d’une biopsie scano-guidée et les quatre patients restants avaient été opérés. Une masse du méso côlon était notée dans le premier cas. Dans le second cas, l’aspect de la masse épigastrique et son siège avaient orienté vers une tumeur du grand omentum. Une localisation tuberculeuse péritonéale et sigmoïdienne avait été trouvée dans le troisième cas. Le diagnostic d’une tumeur du côlon droit était hautement suspect chez le patient séropositif qui avait présenté une péritonite post-opératoire et décédé à J + 3 dans un tableau de choc septique. Le siège et l’aspect nécrotique des lésions trouvées à la tomodensitométrie chez la seule patiente de l’étude avaient fait discuter en premier un lymphome. Même en l’absence d’antécédents de tuberculose pulmonaire, le diagnostic tuberculose abdominale pseudo-tumorale doit être évoqué surtout dans un pays d’endémie comme le notre et le recours à une laparotomie est justifié chaque fois que persiste un doute diagnostique ou en cas de complication. PMID:23330023

  15. The theory of pseudo-rigid bodies

    CERN Document Server

    Cohen, Harley

    1988-01-01

    This monograph concerns the development, analysis, and application of the theory of pseudo-rigid bodies. It collects together our work on that subject over the last five years. While some results have appeared else­ where, much of the work is new. Our objective in writing this mono­ graph has been to present a new theory of the deformation of bodies, one that has not only a firm theoretical basis, but also the simplicity to serve as an effective tool in practical problems. Consequently, the main body of the treatise is a multifaceted development of the theory, from foundations to explicit solutions to linearizations to methods of approximation. The fact that this variety of aspects, each examined in considerable detail, can be collected together in a single, unified treat­ ment gives this theory an elegance that we feel sets it apart from many others. While our goal has always been to give a complete treatment of the theory as it now stands, the work here is not meant to be definitive. Theories are not ent...

  16. Loop-Effects in Pseudo-Supersymmetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klein, Matthias

    2002-11-01

    We analyze the transmission of supersymmetry breaking in brane-world models of pseudo-supersymmetry. In these models two branes preserve different halves of the bulk supersymmetry. Thus supersymmetry is broken although each sector of the model is supersymmetric when considered separately. The world-volume theory on one brane feels the breakdown of supersymmetry only through two-loop interactions involving a coupling to fields from the other brane. In a 5D toy model with bulk vectors, we compute the diagrams that contribute to scalar masses on one brane and find that the masses are proportional to the compactification scale up to logarithmic corrections, m{sup 2} {infinity} (2{pi}R){sup -2} (ln(2{pi}R m{sub S}) - 1.1), where m{sub s} is an ultraviolet cutoff. Thus, for large compactification radii, where this result is valid, the brane scalars acquire a positive mass squared. We also compute the three-loop diagrams relevant to the Casimir energy between the two branes and find E {infinity} (2{pi}R){sup -4}((ln(2{pi}R m{sub S}) - 1.7){sup 2} + 0.2). For large radii, this yields a repulsive Casimir force.

  17. Hacerse y volverse como nexos pseudo-copulativos

    OpenAIRE

    Delbecque, Nicole; Van Gorp, Lise

    2013-01-01

    Cette contribution aborde les différences conceptuelles entre les pseudo-copules hacerse et volverse, partant des notions de «réalisation» et de «régression» qui caractérisent leurs emplois lexicaux. Esta contribución aborda las diferencias conceptuales entre las pseudo-cópulas hacerse y volverse, partiendo de las nociones de «realización» y de «regresión» que caracterizan sus empleos léxicos. This contribution tackles the conceptual differences between the pseudo-copulas hacerse and vo...

  18. Pseudo-Supersymmetry and the Domain-Wall/Cosmology Correspondence

    OpenAIRE

    Skenderis, K.; Townsend, P. K.

    2006-01-01

    The correspondence between domain-wall and cosmological solutions of gravity coupled to scalar fields is explained. Any domain wall solution that admits a Killing spinor is shown to correspond to a cosmology that admits a pseudo-Killing spinor: whereas the Killing spinor obeys a Dirac-type equation with hermitian `mass'-matrix, the corresponding pseudo-Killing spinor obeys a Dirac-type equation with a anti-hermitian `mass'-matrix. We comment on some implications of (pseudo)supersymmetry.

  19. Synthesis, characterization and crystal structures of two pentagonal-bipyramidal Fe(III) complexes with dihydrazone of 2,6-diacetylpyridine and Girard's T reagent. Anticancer properties of various metal complexes of the same ligand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anđelković, Katarina; Milenković, Milica R; Pevec, Andrej; Turel, Iztok; Matić, Ivana Z; Vujčić, Miroslava; Sladić, Dušan; Radanović, Dušanka; Brađan, Gabrijela; Belošević, Svetlana; Čobeljić, Božidar

    2017-09-01

    In this work synthesis, characterization and crystal structures of two isothiocyanato Fe(III) complexes with 2,2'-[2,6-pyridinediylbis(ethylidyne-1-hydrazinyl-2-ylidene)]bis[N,N,N-trimethyl-2-oxoethanaminium] dichloride (H2LCl2) ligand, with composition [FeL(NCS)2]SCN·2H2O and [FeL(NCS)2]2[Fe(H2O)(NCS)5]·4H2O, has been reported. Both iron(III) complexes possess the same pentagonal-bipyramidal complex cation, while the nature of their anions depends on mole ratio of NH4SCN and FeCl3·6H2O used in reaction. Cytotoxic activity of new Fe(III) complexes, as well as of previously synthesized isothiocyanato Co(II), Ni(II), Mn(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes with the same ligand, was tested against five human cancer cell lines (HeLa, MDA-MB-453, K562, LS174 and A549) and normal cell line MRC-5. The best activity was observed in the case of Fe(III), Co(II) and Cd(II) complexes. The investigation of potential of these complexes to induce HeLa and K562 cell cycle perturbations was also evaluated. Mechanism of cell death mode was elucidated on the basis of morphological changes of HeLa cells as well as identification of target caspases. It was established that DNA damage could be responsible for the activity of Fe(III) and Co(II) complexes. Pentagonal-bipyramidal Fe(III) complexes with dihydrazone of 2,6-diacetylpyridine and Girard's T reagent have been synthesized and characterized. Cytotoxic activity of Fe(III) complexes and Co(II), Ni(II), Mn(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes with the same ligand was tested. The best activity was observed in the case of Fe(III), Co(II) and Cd(II) complexes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Abobotulinum - a toxin injection in patients with refractory idiopathic detrusor overactivity: injections in detrusor, trigone and bladder neck or prostatic urethra, versus detrusor - only injections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emami, Maryam; Shadpour, Pejman; Kashi, Amir H; Choopani, Masoud; Zeighami, Mohammadreza

    2017-07-20

    To evaluate if the injections of abobotulinum-A toxin in trigone and bladder neck/prostatic urethra in addition to detrusor provides better symptoms relief and urodynamic findings in patients with idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO) refractory to medical treatment. A total of 74 patients with IDO refractory to anticholinergics received injections in detrusor, trigone and bladder neck/prostatic urethra (Group A, N=36) versus detrusor only injections (Group B, N=38) of abobotulinum-A toxin. All patients were evaluated by a standard overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) questionnaire and cystometrography before and 6 weeks after the operation. OABSS questionnaire was also completed 20 weeks after the operation. The magnitude of OABSS reduction from baseline to 6 weeks after operation in groups A and B patients was 13.4±2.2 versus 11.7±2.1 (p=0.001). Cystometry results were similar in both groups except for higher volume at urgent desire to void in Group B patients (p injection produces greater reductions in OABSS score and less residual urine volume but a lower volume at urgent desire to void in comparison with detrusor only injections. Copyright® by the International Brazilian Journal of Urology.

  1. Investigations of the optical and EPR data and local structure for the trigonal tetrahedral Co2+ centers in LiGa5O8: Co2+ crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Jian; Liao, Bi-Tao; Mei, Yang; Liu, Hong-Gang; Zheng, Wen-Chen

    2018-01-01

    In this paper, we calculate uniformly the optical and EPR data for Co2+ ion at the trigonal tetrahedral Ga3+ site in LiGa5O8 crystal from the complete diagonalization (of energy matrix) method founded on the two-spin-orbit-parameter model, where the contributions to the spectroscopic data from both the spin-orbit parameter of dn ion (in the classical crystal field theory) and that of ligand ions are contained. The calculated ten spectroscopic data (seven optical bands and three spin-Hamiltonian parameters g//, g⊥ and D) with only four adjustable parameters are in good agreement with the available observed values. Compared with the host (GaO4)5- cluster, the great angular distortion and hence the great trigonal distortion of (CoO4)6- impurity center obtained from the calculations are referred to the large charge and size mismatch substitution. This explains reasonably the observed great g-anisotropy Δg (= g// - g⊥) and zero-field splitting D for the (CoO4)6- cluster in LiGa5O8: Co2+ crystal.

  2. A technique for resection of invasive tumors involving the trigone area of the bladder in dogs: preliminary results in two dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saulnier-Troff, Francois-Guillaume; Busoni, Valeria; Hamaide, Annick

    2008-07-01

    To describe a surgical technique for resection of the entire bladder neck, including the trigone and proximal urethra in dogs with invasive tumors causing life-threatening urinary tract obstruction. Clinical case reports. Dogs (n=2) with bladder tumors. Circumferential excision of the bladder neck and proximal urethra with preservation of the neurovascular pedicles was performed to remove a rhabdomyosarcoma (dog 1) and a transitional cell carcinoma (dog 2) involving the trigone and bladder neck that were causing urinary tract obstruction. Reconstruction of the bladder and proximal urethra included bilateral ureteroneocystostomy. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered postoperatively to both dogs. Postoperatively, dogs 1 and 2 were continent after 7 and 17 days, respectively, and regained normal urinary function after resolution of a transient pollakiuria. Dog 1 had no evidence of local or regional recurrence; however, a large solitary pulmonary metastatic lesion was diagnosed 8 months later. The dog was euthanatized despite a lack of clinical signs. Dog 2 had at least 1 metastatic lesion in the abdominal wall 6 months later and was euthanatized at 580 days because of renal failure. En-bloc removal of the bladder neck and proximal urethra with preservation of the dorsal vascular and nervous pedicles, although a technically challenging procedure, can be performed without associated urinary incontinence or bladder wall necrosis. In dogs with invasive bladder tumors causing life-threatening urinary tract obstruction, resection of the bladder neck and proximal urethra should be considered as a promising surgical alternative to urinary diversion.

  3. Pseudo-differential operators groups, geometry and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Zhu, Hongmei

    2017-01-01

    This volume consists of papers inspired by the special session on pseudo-differential operators at the 10th ISAAC Congress held at the University of Macau, August 3-8, 2015 and the mini-symposium on pseudo-differential operators in industries and technologies at the 8th ICIAM held at the National Convention Center in Beijing, August 10-14, 2015. The twelve papers included present cutting-edge trends in pseudo-differential operators and applications from the perspectives of Lie groups (Chapters 1-2), geometry (Chapters 3-5) and applications (Chapters 6-12). Many contributions cover applications in probability, differential equations and time-frequency analysis. A focus on the synergies of pseudo-differential operators with applications, especially real-life applications, enhances understanding of the analysis and the usefulness of these operators.

  4. Pseudo-Goldstone modes in isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cohen, T.D. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Broniowski, W. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow (Poland)

    1995-01-01

    The authors analyze the chiral limit in dense isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter. It is shown that the pseudo-Goldstone modes in this system are qualitatively different from the case of isospin-symmetric matter.

  5. Pseudo-Goldstone modes in isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cohen, T.D. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Broniowski, W. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow (Poland)

    1994-12-01

    We analyze the chiral limit in dense isoptin-asymmetric nuclear matter. It is shown that the pseudo-Goldstone modes in this system are qualitatively different from the case of isospin-symmetric matter. (author). 20 refs.

  6. Her-entingen tegen Pseudo Vogelpest (NCD) op 'Het Spelderholt'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voorst, van A.

    1993-01-01

    Pseudo Vogelpest of NCD is een gevreesde virusziekte, waartegen een entverplichting geldt. Na het uitbreken van de ziekte in het zuiden van Nederland is al het volwassen pluimvee op Het Spelderholt opnieuw geënt.

  7. Pseudo-outbreak of Actinomyces graevenitzii associated with bronchoscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peaper, David R; Havill, Nancy L; Aniskiewicz, Michael; Callan, Deborah; Pop, Olivia; Towle, Dana; Boyce, John M

    2015-01-01

    Outbreaks and pseudo-outbreaks of infection related to bronchoscopy typically involve Gram-negative bacteria, Mycobacterium species or Legionella species. We report an unusual bronchoscopy-related pseudo-outbreak due to Actinomyces graevenitzii. Extensive epidemiological and microbiological investigation failed to identify a common source. Strain typing revealed that the cluster was comprised of heterogeneous strains of A. graevenitzii. A change in laboratory procedures for Actinomyces cultures was coincident with the emergence of the pseudo-outbreak, and we determined that A. graevenitzii isolates more readily adopted a white, dry, molar tooth appearance on anaerobic colistin nalidixic acid (CNA) agar which likely facilitated its detection and identification in bronchoscopic specimens. This unusual pseudo-outbreak was related to frequent requests of bronchoscopists for Actinomyces cultures combined with a change in microbiology laboratory practices. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  8. 12-Chloro-6-cyclohexyl-5,6,7,12-tetrahydrodibenzo[c,f][1,5]azastibocine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weiguo Yi

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In the title organometallic complex, [Sb(C20H23NCl], the central antimony-containing part of the complex exhibits a pseudo-trigonal-bipyramidal geometry, where two C atoms and a lone electron pair of the Sb atom exist at the equatorial positions, while the N and Cl atoms are located at the apical positions, and a transannular interaction exists between the Sb and N atoms on 1,5-azastibocine. Intermolecular C—H...Cl hydrogen bonds are also observed.

  9. The molecular structure of dimethyltellurium dichloride by gas electron diffraction and ab initio calculations at the MP2 level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haaland, Arne; Martinsen, Kjell-Gunnar; Tafipolsky, Maxim A.; Volden, Hans Vidar; Rösler, Roland; Breunig, Hans Joachim

    1997-09-01

    Ab initio calculations at the MP2 level and gas electron-diffraction data of (CH 3) 2TeCl 2 show that the molecular structure is pseudo-trigonal bipyramidal with the two methyl groups occupying equatorial positions and the two Cl atoms axial positions. The bond distances are ( {GED}/{MP2 }): TeC = 213.2(5)/214.6 pm, TeCl = 250.4(3)/261.8 pm and the valence angles ∠ CTeC = {97(5)°}/{97.6°}; ∠ ClTeCl = {170(2)°}/{170.8°}.

  10. Pseudo-telepathy: input cardinality and Bell-type inequalities

    OpenAIRE

    Gisin, Nicolas; Methot, André; Scarani, Valerio

    2006-01-01

    Pseudo-telepathy is the most recent form of rejection of locality. Many of its properties have already been discovered: for instance, the minimal entanglement, as well as the minimal cardinality of the output sets, have been characterized. This paper contains two main results. First, we prove that no bipartite pseudo-telepathy game exists, in which one of the partners receives only two questions; as a corollary, we show that the minimal "input cardinality", that is, the minimal number of ques...

  11. Maximally entangled states in pseudo-telepathy games

    OpenAIRE

    Mančinska, Laura

    2015-01-01

    A pseudo-telepathy game is a nonlocal game which can be won with probability one using some finite-dimensional quantum strategy but not using a classical one. Our central question is whether there exist two-party pseudo-telepathy games which cannot be won with probability one using a maximally entangled state. Towards answering this question, we develop conditions under which maximally entangled states suffice. In particular, we show that maximally entangled states suffice for weak projection...

  12. On Some (Pseudo) Involutions in the Riordan Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Naiomi T.; Nkwanta, Asamoah

    2005-08-01

    In this paper, we address a question posed by L. Shapiro regarding algebraic and/or combinatorial characterizations of the elements of order 2 in the Riordan group. We present two classes of combinatorial matrices having pseudo-order 2. In one class, we find generalizations of Pascal's triangle and use some special cases to discover and prove interesting identities. In the other class, we find generalizations of Nkwanta's RNA triangle and show that they are pseudo-involutions.

  13. Diagnosis and Treatment of Pseudo-Class III Malocclusion

    OpenAIRE

    Ariel Reyes; Luis Serret; Marcos Peguero; Orlando Tanaka

    2014-01-01

    Pseudo-Class III malocclusion is characterized by the presence of an anterior crossbite due to a forward functional displacement of the mandible; in most cases, the maxillary incisors present some degree of retroclination, and the mandibular incisors are proclined. Various types of appliances have been described in the literature for the early treatment of pseudo-Class III malocclusion. The objectives of this paper are to demonstrate the importance of making the differential diagnosis between...

  14. Study of gray image pseudo-color processing algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jinlong; Peng, Xianrong; Xu, Zhiyong

    In gray images which contain abundant information, if the differences between adjacent pixels' intensity are small, the required information can not be extracted by humans, since humans are more sensitive to color images than gray images. If gray images are transformed to pseudo-color images, the details of images will be more explicit, and the target will be recognized more easily. There are two methods (in frequency field and in spatial field) to realize pseudo-color enhancement of gray images. The first method is mainly the filtering in frequency field, and the second is the equal density pseudo-color coding methods which mainly include density segmentation coding, function transformation and complementary pseudo-color coding. Moreover, there are many other methods to realize pseudo-color enhancement, such as pixel's self-transformation based on RGB tri-primary, pseudo-color coding from phase-modulated image based on RGB color model, pseudo-color coding of high gray-resolution image, et al. However, above methods are tailored to a particular situation and transformations are based on RGB color space. In order to improve the visual effect, the method based on RGB color space and pixels' self-transformation is improved in this paper, which is based on HIS color space. Compared with other methods, some gray images with ordinary formats can be processed, and many gray images can be transformed to pseudo-color images with 24 bits. The experiment shows that the processed image has abundant levels, which is consistent with human's perception.

  15. Gastric pseudo-ulcers: membrana angularis and pyloric torus defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peavy, P W; Clements, J L; Weens, H S

    1975-03-01

    The membrana angularis and pyloric torus defects are two physiologic bulges which can simulate ulcerations along the lesser curvature of the stomach. The muscular anatomy of the stomach and the mechanism which produces these pseudo-ulcers are discussed. Both pseudoniches can be seen transiently in normal individuals but occasionally are such prominence as to become diagnostic pitfalls. The features and significance of each pseudo-ulcer are reviewed in an attempt to facilitate recognition on the upper gastrointestinal barium examination.

  16. Pseudo-Hermitian quantum mechanics with unbounded metric operators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostafazadeh, Ali

    2013-04-28

    I extend the formulation of pseudo-Hermitian quantum mechanics to η(+)-pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonian operators H with an unbounded metric operator η(+). In particular, I give the details of the construction of the physical Hilbert space, observables and equivalent Hermitian Hamiltonian for the case that H has a real and discrete spectrum and its eigenvectors belong to the domain of η(+) and consequently √η(+).

  17. "Pseudo" nomenclature in dermatology: What′s in a name?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangita Ghosh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the bewildering array of scientific nomenclature in the medical field, it is important to use correct terminology, know their aberrations and the reason behind a specific terminology. This paper is an attempt towards compiling all the pseudo-nomenclatures coined in dermatology, in order to make it easier to retain and recollect these pseudo names, signs, morphology, diseases, and conditions. It is also imperative to know the true entities that these pseudo names masquerade as, so as to understand the explanation for assigning the term ′pseudo′ to these conditions. A total of 52 pseudo-terms have been compiled here in reference to dermatology. Most of these pseudo-nomenclatures were coined due to some clinical or histopathological resemblance to the true conditions, while some were premature conclusions drawn from a flawed understanding of the basic nature of the condition. Clear understanding of each of these terms and the explanation behind them being pseudo will enable a dermatologist to avoid misdiagnosis and needless confusion.

  18. Applications of the pseudo-harmonics to the multidimensional kinetics; Aplicacao do metodo dos pseudo-harmonicos a cinetica multidimensional

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lima, Zelmo Rodrigues de; Silva, Fernando Carvalho da; Alvim, Antonio C. Marques [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia. Programa de Engenharia Nuclear]. E-mail: zelmo@con.ufrj.br; fernando@con.ufrj.br; alvim@con.ufrj.br

    2005-07-01

    In this work we propose the application of the pseudo-harmonics in modal methods of spatial kinetics. The pseudo-harmonics, or the pseudo-modes, are the eigenfunctions associated to the leakage+removal operator in each group of energy of the steady-state diffusion equation. This operator is self-adjoint and it is not necessary to calculate the adjoints eigenfunctions. In the present work the pseudo-harmonics will be obtained starting from the equation of diffusion discretized by the coarse-mesh finite difference (CMFD). The modal methods approximate the time-dependent flux for an expansion in functions predetermined, that include the spatial dependence, with unknown expansion coefficients, that include the whole dependent part of the time. The obtaining of the system whose solution they are the coefficients of the modal expansion is done with aid of a function weight. Using the pseudomodes obtained in the steady state calculations, in the modal expansion as been the dependent functions of the space, we will show that the function weight can be chosen as being the own adjoint pseudo-modes. This calculation leads to a linear system of ordinary differential equations with the defined dimension for the number of pseudo-harmonics employed. The solution of the equations is built through the analytical integration of the equations of the precursor of delayed neutron. The proposed method was tested and it present good results, when compared with the direct method. (author)

  19. When Is "Pseudo-Ludwig's Angina" Associated With Coagulopathy Also a "Pseudo" Hemorrhage?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovallo, Emily; Patterson, Sarah; Erickson, Mitchel; Chin, Cynthia; Blanc, Paul; Durrani, Timur S

    2013-01-01

    Sublingual hematoma secondary to short-acting anticoagulants such as warfarin has been labeled "pseudo-Ludwig's angina" to distinguish it from the classic syndrome of localized infection and swelling involving the upper airway. Sublingual hematoma with airway compromise secondary to brodifacoum, a common long-acting anticoagulant rodenticide, has only been reported in the veterinary literature. We report a case of massive tongue swelling and impending airway compromise in the context of an intentional long-acting anticoagulant ingestion leading to coagulopathy. The swelling was initially presumed to be due either to infection or hemorrhage, but this was not supported by computed tomography scan imaging. Instead, the patient's clinical course was consistent with corticosteroid-responsive angioedema, temporally associated with the ingested brodifacoum.

  20. The next chapter in MOF pillaring strategies: Trigonal heterofunctional ligands to access targeted high-connected three dimensional nets, isoreticular platforms

    KAUST Repository

    Eubank, Jarrod F.

    2011-11-09

    A new pillaring strategy, based on a ligand-to-axial approach that combines the two previous common techniques, axial-to-axial and ligand-to-ligand, and permits design, access, and construction of higher dimensional MOFs, is introduced and validated. Trigonal heterofunctional ligands, in this case isophthalic acid cores functionalized at the 5-position with N-donor (e.g., pyridyl- or triazolyl-type) moieties, are designed and utilized to pillar pretargeted two-dimensional layers (supermolecular building layers, SBLs). These SBLs, based on edge transitive Kagomé and square lattices, are cross-linked into predicted three-dimensional MOFs with tunable large cavities, resulting in isoreticular platforms. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

  1. Pseudo-Newtonian planar circular restricted 3-body problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubeibe, F.L., E-mail: fldubeibem@unal.edu.co [Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y de la Educación, Universidad de los Llanos, Villavicencio (Colombia); Grupo de Investigación en Relatividad y Gravitación, Escuela de Física, Universidad Industrial de Santander, A.A. 678, Bucaramanga (Colombia); Lora-Clavijo, F.D., E-mail: fadulora@uis.edu.co [Grupo de Investigación en Relatividad y Gravitación, Escuela de Física, Universidad Industrial de Santander, A.A. 678, Bucaramanga (Colombia); González, Guillermo A., E-mail: guillermo.gonzalez@saber.uis.edu.co [Grupo de Investigación en Relatividad y Gravitación, Escuela de Física, Universidad Industrial de Santander, A.A. 678, Bucaramanga (Colombia)

    2017-02-12

    We study the dynamics of the planar circular restricted three-body problem in the context of a pseudo-Newtonian approximation. By using the Fodor–Hoenselaers–Perjés procedure, we perform an expansion in the mass potential of a static massive spherical source up to the first non-Newtonian term, giving place to a gravitational potential that includes first-order general relativistic effects. With this result, we model a system composed by two pseudo-Newtonian primaries describing circular orbits around their common center of mass, and a test particle orbiting the system in the equatorial plane. The dynamics of the new system of equations is studied in terms of the Poincaré section method and the Lyapunov exponents, where the introduction of a new parameter ϵ, allows us to observe the transition from the Newtonian to the pseudo-Newtonian regime. We show that when the Jacobian constant is fixed, a chaotic orbit in the Newtonian regime can be either chaotic or regular in the pseudo-Newtonian approach. As a general result, we find that most of the pseudo-Newtonian configurations are less stable than their Newtonian equivalent.

  2. Brain MR image segmentation using NAMS in pseudo-color.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hua; Chen, Chuanbo; Fang, Shaohong; Zhao, Shengrong

    2017-12-01

    Image segmentation plays a crucial role in various biomedical applications. In general, the segmentation of brain Magnetic Resonance (MR) images is mainly used to represent the image with several homogeneous regions instead of pixels for surgical analyzing and planning. This paper proposes a new approach for segmenting MR brain images by using pseudo-color based segmentation with Non-symmetry and Anti-packing Model with Squares (NAMS). First of all, the NAMS model is presented. The model can represent the image with sub-patterns to keep the image content and largely reduce the data redundancy. Second, the key idea is proposed that convert the original gray-scale brain MR image into a pseudo-colored image and then segment the pseudo-colored image with NAMS model. The pseudo-colored image can enhance the color contrast in different tissues in brain MR images, which can improve the precision of segmentation as well as directly visual perceptional distinction. Experimental results indicate that compared with other brain MR image segmentation methods, the proposed NAMS based pseudo-color segmentation method performs more excellent in not only segmenting precisely but also saving storage.

  3. Diagnosis and Treatment of Pseudo-Class III Malocclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes, Ariel; Serret, Luis; Peguero, Marcos; Tanaka, Orlando

    2014-01-01

    Pseudo-Class III malocclusion is characterized by the presence of an anterior crossbite due to a forward functional displacement of the mandible; in most cases, the maxillary incisors present some degree of retroclination, and the mandibular incisors are proclined. Various types of appliances have been described in the literature for the early treatment of pseudo-Class III malocclusion. The objectives of this paper are to demonstrate the importance of making the differential diagnosis between a skeletal and a pseudo-Class III malocclusion and to describe the correction of an anterior crossbite. The association of maxillary expansion and a 2 × 4 appliance can successfully be used to correct anterior crossbites. PMID:25525526

  4. Diagnosis and Treatment of Pseudo-Class III Malocclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariel Reyes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pseudo-Class III malocclusion is characterized by the presence of an anterior crossbite due to a forward functional displacement of the mandible; in most cases, the maxillary incisors present some degree of retroclination, and the mandibular incisors are proclined. Various types of appliances have been described in the literature for the early treatment of pseudo-Class III malocclusion. The objectives of this paper are to demonstrate the importance of making the differential diagnosis between a skeletal and a pseudo-Class III malocclusion and to describe the correction of an anterior crossbite. The association of maxillary expansion and a 2 × 4 appliance can successfully be used to correct anterior crossbites.

  5. Occlusal rehabilitation of pseudo-class III patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardoso, Antônio Carlos; Ferreira, Cimara Fortes; Oderich, Elisa; Pedroso, Moira Leão; Wicks, Russell

    2015-01-01

    To treat a patient with anterior crossbite, the clinician should first assess if it is a genuine class III or a pseudo-class III malocclusion. Cephalometric analysis is important; however, registering a patient's centric relation (CR) is simple, quick, and costless and can play a decisive role in a differential diagnosis for this type of patient profile. This clinical report depicts a patient clinically diagnosed as class III. After mandible manipulation in CR, it was noted that the patient in question was a pseudo-class III. The treatment was based on the pseudo-class III diagnosis. Therefore, the patient was rehabilitated by occlusal adjustments and conventional and implant-supported prostheses and without the need for invasive orthognathic surgery. © 2014 by the American College of Prosthodontists.

  6. Pseudo-Glassification Material for G-Demption

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casella, Andrew M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Buck, Edgar C. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Gates, Robert O. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Riley, Brian J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2014-09-01

    G-Demption, LLC has requested that PPNL provide design input for a “pseudo-glassification” process associated with their proposed technology for generating gamma irradiation stations from used nuclear fuel. The irradiation design currently consists of an aluminum enclosure designed to allow for proper encapsulation of and heat flow from a used fuel rod while minimally impacting the streaming of gamma rays from the fuel. In order to make their design more robust, G-Demption is investigating the benefits of backfilling this aluminum enclosure with a setting material once the used fuel rod is properly placed. This process has been initially referred to as “pseudo-glassification”, and strives not to impact heat transport or gamma streaming from the used fuel rod while providing increased fuel rod protection and fission gas retention. PNNL has compiled an internal material evaluation and discussion for the “pseudo-glassification” process in this report.

  7. Pseudo-periodic maps and degeneration of Riemann surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Matsumoto, Yukio

    2011-01-01

    The first part of the book studies pseudo-periodic maps of a closed surface of genus greater than or equal to two. This class of homeomorphisms was originally introduced by J. Nielsen in 1944 as an extension of periodic maps. In this book, the conjugacy classes of the (chiral) pseudo-periodic mapping classes are completely classified, and Nielsen’s incomplete classification is corrected. The second part applies the results of the first part to the topology of degeneration of Riemann surfaces. It is shown that the set of topological types of all the singular fibers appearing in one-parameter holomorphic families of Riemann surfaces is in a bijective correspondence with the set of conjugacy classes of the pseudo-periodic maps of negative twists. The correspondence is given by the topological monodromy.

  8. Optimal Base Encodings for Pseudo-Boolean Constraints

    CERN Document Server

    Codish, Michael; Fuhs, Carsten; Schneider-Kamp, Peter

    2010-01-01

    This paper formalizes the "optimal base problem", presents an algorithm to solve it, and describes its application to the encoding of Pseudo-Boolean constraints to SAT. We demonstrate the impact of integrating our algorithm within the Pseudo-Boolean constraint solver MiniSAT+. Experimentation indicates that our algorithm scales to consider bases involving numbers up to 1,000,000, improving on the restriction in MiniSAT+ to prime numbers up to 17. We show that, while for many examples primes up to 17 do suffice, encoding with respect to arbitrary bases improves the subsequent SAT solving time considerably.

  9. Intestinal pseudo-obstruction: An important diagnostic challenge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Salvador-Coloma

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available We present the case of a 72-year-old patient admitted on various occasions with symptoms of intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Extensive diagnostic tests eventually found that the patient had small-cell lung cancer associated with high anti-HU antibody titres, which pointed to a probable paraneoplastic intestinal obstruction syndrome associated with small-cell lung cancer. A paraneoplastic syndrome causing abnormal changes in gastrointestinal motility can be the first signs of small cell lung cancer. These syndromes improve with treatment of the underlying disease, as seen in our patient, who stopped having episodes of intestinal pseudo-obstruction after administration of chemotherapy.

  10. Enhancing pseudo-telepathy in the magic square game.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukasz Pawela

    Full Text Available We study the possibility of reversing an action of a quantum channel. Our principal objective is to find a specific channel that reverses as accurately as possible an action of a given quantum channel. To achieve this goal we use semidefinite programming. We show the benefits of our method using the quantum pseudo-telepathy Magic Square game with noise. Our strategy is to move the pseudo-telepathy region to higher noise values. We show that it is possible to reverse the action of a noise channel using semidefinite programming.

  11. Enhancing pseudo-telepathy in the magic square game.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawela, Lukasz; Gawron, Piotr; Puchała, Zbigniew; Sładkowski, Jan

    2013-01-01

    We study the possibility of reversing an action of a quantum channel. Our principal objective is to find a specific channel that reverses as accurately as possible an action of a given quantum channel. To achieve this goal we use semidefinite programming. We show the benefits of our method using the quantum pseudo-telepathy Magic Square game with noise. Our strategy is to move the pseudo-telepathy region to higher noise values. We show that it is possible to reverse the action of a noise channel using semidefinite programming.

  12. Signed Distance Computation using the Angle Weighted Pseudo-normal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bærentzen, Jakob Andreas; Aanæs, Henrik

    2005-01-01

    , the surface is not \\$C\\^1\\$ continuous, hence, the normal is undefined at these loci. In this paper, we undertake to show that the angle weighted pseudo-normal (originally proposed by Thürmer and Wüthrich and independently by Sequin) has the important property that it allows us to discriminate between points...... of the distance computation. Moreover, it provides an additional argument in favour of the angle weighted pseudo-normals being the natural extension of the face normals. Apart from the theoretical results, we also propose a simple and efficient algorithm for computing the signed distance to a closed \\$C\\^0\\$ mesh...

  13. True versus Pseudo-Intestinal Malrotation: Case Series and Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khara, Harshit S; Kothari, Shivangi T; Gruss, Claudia B; Langnas, Alan; Schafer, Daniel F; McCashland, Timothy M

    2013-10-01

    Intestinal malrotation is an anomaly of fetal intestinal rotation that can present with symptoms after birth or in early childhood, but is rarely diagnosed in adults. Patients who have symptomatic presentations require surgery. Other entities may mimic intestinal malrotation and respond to non-surgical management. We present 2 adult cases with the radiological diagnosis of intestinal malrotation: one with true malrotation presenting as a duodenal mass, and another with "pseudo-malrotation" due to altered anatomy. These cases illustrate the importance of recognizing and differentiating these rare adult presentations of true malrotation from "pseudo-malrotation" in regards to their acute management.

  14. "Divine water" in the alchemical writings of pseudo-Democritus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martelli, Matteo

    2009-03-01

    The name of the chemical solution (divine water) or (sulfur water) is characterised by semantic ambiguity: the term theion means both "divine" and "sulfur," and Greek alchemists frequently play on this polysemy. This article analyses the use of this and similar expressions in the writings of pseudo-Democritus from both a technical and a philological point of view. A fragment preserved by the alchemists Moses and Synesius shows that pseudo-Democritus knows two different kinds of this "water," the second of which recalls a recipe found in the chemical Leiden Papyrus, and that the composition of the substance determines the form of its name.

  15. Perturbation of sectorial projections of elliptic pseudo-differential operators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Booss-Bavnbek, Bernhelm; Chen, Guoyuan; Lesch, Matthias

    2012-01-01

    Over a closed manifold, we consider the sectorial projection of an elliptic pseudo-differential operator A of positive order with two rays of minimal growth. We showthat it depends continuously on A when the space of pseudo-differential operators is equipped with a certain topology whichwe...... explicitly describe. Our main application deals with a continuous curve of arbitrary first order linear elliptic differential operators over a compact manifold with boundary. Under the additional assumption of the weak inner unique continuation property, we derive the continuity of a related curve...

  16. Study of pseudo soldering based on eddy current pulsed thermography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiuyun; Xue, Yun; Chen, Yaqiu; Lu, Xiaochuan; Liu, Zhen

    2017-09-01

    Pseudo soldering defects can break the electrical and mechanical connection between components and the print circuit board and eventually cause failure of the whole electronic equipment. In this letter, the eddy current pulsed thermography (ECPT) method was used for defect inspection of small-sized solder joints. The identification of defects of solder joints is based on the heat transfer between various component structures. The experimental results indicated that the ECPT method can be effectively used for defect detection and location of the solder joints. In addition, it can distinguish different degrees of pseudo soldering.

  17. Fermionic coherent states for pseudo-Hermitian two-level systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cherbal, O [Physical Faculty, Theoretical Physics Lab, USTHB, BP 32 El-Alia, Bab Ezzouar, 16111 Algiers (Algeria); Drir, M [Physical Faculty, Theoretical Physics Lab, USTHB, BP 32 El-Alia, Bab Ezzouar, 16111 Algiers (Algeria); Maamache, M [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique et Systemes Dynamiques, Department of Physics, Setif University, Setif 19000 (Algeria); Trifonov, D A [Institute of Nuclear Research, 72 Tzarigradsko Chaussee, 1784 Sofia (Bulgaria)

    2007-02-23

    We introduce creation and annihilation operators of pseudo-Hermitian fermions for two-level systems described by a pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonian with real eigenvalues. This allows the generalization of the fermionic coherent states approach to such systems. Pseudo-fermionic coherent states are constructed as eigenstates of two pseudo-fermion annihilation operators. These coherent states form a bi-normal and bi-overcomplete system, and their evolution governed by the pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonian is temporally stable. In terms of the introduced pseudo-fermion operators, the two-level system Hamiltonian takes a factorized form similar to that of a harmonic oscillator.

  18. Pseudo-observations for competing risks with covariate dependent censoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Binder, Nadine; Gerds, Thomas A; Andersen, Per Kragh

    2014-01-01

    that the probability of not being lost to follow-up (un-censored) is independent of the covariates. Modified pseudo-values are proposed which rely on a correctly specified regression model for the censoring times. Bias and efficiency of these methods are compared in a simulation study. Further illustration...

  19. Probing pseudo-Dirac neutrino through detection of neutrino ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The expected secondary muons from such neutrinos that can be detected by a kilometer scale detector such as ICECUBE is calculated and compared with the same in the case of mass-flavour oscillations and for no oscillation cases. The calculated muon yields indicate that to probe such small pseudo-Dirac splittings one ...

  20. Probing pseudo-Dirac neutrino through detection of neutrino ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ~EeV for such neutrinos invoke the likelihood to probe very small pseudo-Dirac splittings. The expected secondary muons from such neutrinos that can be detected by a kilometer scale detector such as ICECUBE is calculated and compared with the same in the case of mass-flavour oscillations and for no oscillation cases.

  1. Production of bioethanol using agricultural waste: banana pseudo stem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Snehal Ingale

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available India is amongst the largest banana (Musa acuminata producing countries and thus banana pseudo stem is commonly available agricultural waste to be used as lignocellulosic substrate. Present study focuses on exploitation of banana pseudo stem as a source for bioethanol production from the sugars released due to different chemical and biological pretreatments. Two fungal strains Aspergillus ellipticus and Aspergillus fumigatus reported to be producing cellulolytic enzymes on sugarcane bagasse were used under co-culture fermentation on banana pseudo stem to degrade holocellulose and facilitate maximum release of reducing sugars. The hydrolysate obtained after alkali and microbial treatments was fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae NCIM 3570 to produce ethanol. Fermentation of cellulosic hydrolysate (4.1 g% gave maximum ethanol (17.1 g/L with yield (84% and productivity (0.024 g%/h after 72 h. Some critical aspects of fungal pretreatment for saccharification of cellulosic substrate using A. ellipticus and A. fumigatus for ethanol production by S. cerevisiae NCIM 3570 have been explored in this study. It was observed that pretreated banana pseudo stem can be economically utilized as a cheaper substrate for ethanol production.

  2. Over het specifieke- en pseudo cholinesterasegehalte bij enige ziekten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strater, Hans

    1948-01-01

    De monographie van Libbrecht,,De arteriele hypertoniën"was voor ons de aanleiding om een onderzoek te doen over het specifieke en pseudo-cholinesterase bij verschillende vormen van hypertensie, myasthenie en asthma bronchiale. ... Zie: Samenvatting

  3. Tropomyosin Ser-283 pseudo-phosphorylation slows myofibril relaxation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nixon, Benjamin R; Liu, Bin; Scellini, Beatrice; Tesi, Chiara; Piroddi, Nicoletta; Ogut, Ozgur; Solaro, R John; Ziolo, Mark T; Janssen, Paul M L; Davis, Jonathan P; Poggesi, Corrado; Biesiadecki, Brandon J

    2013-07-01

    Tropomyosin (Tm) is a central protein in the Ca(2+) regulation of striated muscle. The αTm isoform undergoes phosphorylation at serine residue 283. While the biochemical and steady-state muscle function of muscle purified Tm phosphorylation have been explored, the effects of Tm phosphorylation on the dynamic properties of muscle contraction and relaxation are unknown. To investigate the kinetic regulatory role of αTm phosphorylation we expressed and purified native N-terminal acetylated Ser-283 wild-type, S283A phosphorylation null and S283D pseudo-phosphorylation Tm mutants in insect cells. Purified Tm's regulate thin filaments similar to that reported for muscle purified Tm. Steady-state Ca(2+) binding to troponin C (TnC) in reconstituted thin filaments did not differ between the 3 Tm's, however disassociation of Ca(2+) from filaments containing pseudo-phosphorylated Tm was slowed compared to wild-type Tm. Replacement of pseudo-phosphorylated Tm into myofibrils similarly prolonged the slow phase of relaxation and decreased the rate of the fast phase without altering activation kinetics. These data demonstrate that Tm pseudo-phosphorylation slows deactivation of the thin filament and muscle force relaxation dynamics in the absence of dynamic and steady-state effects on muscle activation. This supports a role for Tm as a key protein in the regulation of muscle relaxation dynamics. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Pseudo-Riemannian geometry, [delta]-invariants and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Bang-Yen

    2011-01-01

    The first part of this book provides a self-contained and accessible introduction to the subject in the general setting of pseudo-Riemannian manifolds and their non-degenerate submanifolds, only assuming from the reader some basic knowledge about manifold

  5. Production of bioethanol using agricultural waste: banana pseudo stem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingale, Snehal; Joshi, Sanket J; Gupte, Akshaya

    2014-01-01

    India is amongst the largest banana (Musa acuminata) producing countries and thus banana pseudo stem is commonly available agricultural waste to be used as lignocellulosic substrate. Present study focuses on exploitation of banana pseudo stem as a source for bioethanol production from the sugars released due to different chemical and biological pretreatments. Two fungal strains Aspergillus ellipticus and Aspergillus fumigatus reported to be producing cellulolytic enzymes on sugarcane bagasse were used under co-culture fermentation on banana pseudo stem to degrade holocellulose and facilitate maximum release of reducing sugars. The hydrolysate obtained after alkali and microbial treatments was fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae NCIM 3570 to produce ethanol. Fermentation of cellulosic hydrolysate (4.1 g%) gave maximum ethanol (17.1 g/L) with yield (84%) and productivity (0.024 g%/h) after 72 h. Some critical aspects of fungal pretreatment for saccharification of cellulosic substrate using A. ellipticus and A. fumigatus for ethanol production by S. cerevisiae NCIM 3570 have been explored in this study. It was observed that pretreated banana pseudo stem can be economically utilized as a cheaper substrate for ethanol production.

  6. Pseudo-homophony in non-native listening

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cutler, A.; Otake, T.

    2004-01-01

    Pseudo-homophony may result when non-native listeners cannot distinguish phonemic contrasts. Thus Dutch listeners have difficulty distinguishing the vowels of English cattle versus kettle, because this contrast is subsumed by a single Dutch vowel category; in consequence, both words may be activated

  7. Empirical pseudo-potential studies on electronic structure of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Wintec

    and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) as a function of shape and size of the quantum dots. Our studies explain the ... Keywords. Quantum dots; empirical pseudo-potential; electronic structure; HOMO–LUMO gap. 1. Introduction ...... both the finite and infinite well EMA breaks down and introduces significant ...

  8. Random matrix theory for pseudo-Hermitian systems: Cyclic blocks

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tems, and, for Hamiltonians that break parity P and time-reversal invariance T. In an attempt to understand the ... Keywords. Random matrices; circulants; quantum chaos; PT symmetry; pseudo-. Hermiticity. ... local fluctuation properties of complex quantum systems have universal properties, independent of the details of the ...

  9. Status asthmaticus with pseudo-dextrocardia, complicated by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A chest x-ray revealed pseudo-dextrocardia and air trapping (A). She did not respond to inhaled bronchodilator therapy. Intravenous hydrocortisone and magnesium sulphate were administered. The patient deteriorated and was subsequently ventilated and intravenous aminophylline initiated. After intubation and ventilation ...

  10. To avoid operating on pseudo tumoral pulmonary infarctions ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pulmonary infarction usually appears as a hump-shaped triangular opacity with its base applied to a pleural surface. In some cases, pulmonary infarctions may appear as a pseudo tumoral opacity mimicking lung cancer. Thoracotomy could be prevented by repeating CT scan in properly selected patients. Pan African ...

  11. Contextuality in multipartite pseudo-telepathy graph games

    OpenAIRE

    Anshu, Anurag; Hoyer, Peter; Mhalla, Mehdi; Perdrix, Simon

    2016-01-01

    Analyzing pseudo-telepathy graph games, we propose a way to build contextuality scenarios exhibiting the quantum supremacy using graph states. We consider the combinatorial structures that generate equivalent scenarios. We introduce a new tool called multipartiteness width to investigate which scenarios are harder to decompose and show that there exist graphs generating scenarios with a linear multipartiteness width.

  12. Pseudo-nitzschia blooms and physical oceanography off ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    During three surveys conducted in early summer 1996, 1997 and 1998, high concentrations of. Pseudo-nitzschia spp. (values of up to 106 cells.l-1, but generally <105 cells.l-1) were present. P. pungens was dominant in 1996, whereas P. pseudodelicatissima was most abundant in 1997 and 1998. A. catenella was rare and ...

  13. A pseudo Lindley distribution and its application | Zeghdoudi | Afrika ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this paper, we introduce a new distribution named as the Pseudo Lindley Distribution (PsLD) as a generalization of the Lindley distribution (LD). A full and detailed description are provided in terms of moments, cumulates, characteristic function, failure, rate function, stochastic ordering, distributions of sums, and ...

  14. Mann iteration with errors for strictly pseudo-contractive mappings ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is well known that any fixed point of a Lipschitzian strictly pseudo-contractive self mapping of a nonempty closed convex and bounded subset K of a Banach space X is unique [6] and may be norm approximated by an iterative procedure. In this paper, we show that Mann iteration with errors can be used to approximate the ...

  15. Random matrix theory for pseudo-Hermitian systems: Cyclic blocks

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    We discuss the relevance of random matrix theory for pseudo-Hermitian systems, and, for Hamiltonians that break parity and time-reversal invariance . In an attempt to understand the random Ising model, we present the treatment of cyclic asymmetric matrices with blocks and show that the nearest-neighbour spacing ...

  16. Optimalisasi Desain Parameter Lapangan Untuk Data Resistivitas Pseudo 3D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    . Makhrani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian yang berjudul Optimalisasi Desain Parameter Lapangan Untuk Data Resistivitas Pseudo 3D dilakukan dengan tujuan memprediksi model geologi dan mengestimasi parameter-parameter geofisika, menentukan sensitivitas dari konfigurasi Wenner-Schlumberger dan Wenner dalam mendeteksi anomali, membuat Pseudo 3D dari profil 2D serta meningkatkan kemampuan dalam memilih parameter survei  yang optimal  berdasarkan perbandingan kekuatan signal yang diharapkan dan kharakteristik dari bising (noise. Proses pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode geolistrik konfigurasi Wenner-Schlumberger dan konfigurasi Wenner. Pengolahan data geolistrik resistivitas dalam penelitian ini diawali dengan pengolahan data sintetik hasil forward modeling. Data ini dapat dijadikan sebagai data masukan pada perangkat lunak Surfer 9 untuk menggambarkan profil 2D. Seluruh hasil inversi dalam bentuk profil 2D akan digabungkan sehingga menjadi profil pseudo 3D, proses ini akan dilakukan dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak Matlab R2008a. Kedua konfigurasi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini masing-masing memiliki keunggulan dan kelemahan dalam hal sensitivitas, baik konfigurasi Wenner-Schlumberger maupun konfigurasi Wenner. Meskipun kedua konfigurasi mendeteksi anomali yang dibuat, namun konfigurasi Wenner-Schlumberger lebih menonjolkan anomali, baik pada data sintetik maupun pada hasil pengukuran. Selain itu, pembuatan pseudo 3D dari profil 2D dapat membantu dalam menginterpretasi data pada lintasan yang saling berpotongan.

  17. Prediction of survival with alternative modeling techniques using pseudo values

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. van der Ploeg (Tjeerd); F.R. Datema (Frank); R.J. Baatenburg de Jong (Robert Jan); E.W. Steyerberg (Ewout)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractBackground: The use of alternative modeling techniques for predicting patient survival is complicated by the fact that some alternative techniques cannot readily deal with censoring, which is essential for analyzing survival data. In the current study, we aimed to demonstrate that pseudo

  18. Cryptography, statistics and pseudo-randomness (Part 1)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brands, S.; Gill, R.D.

    1995-01-01

    In the classical approach to pseudo-random number generators, a generator is considered to perform well if its output sequences pass a battery of statistical tests that has become standard. In recent years, it has turned out that this approach is not satisfactory. Many generators have turned out to

  19. Twisted surfaces in the Pseudo-Galilean space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Kazan

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we construct the twisted surfaces according to the supporting plane and type of rotations in pseudo-Galilean space G13. Also, we find the Gaussian curvatures and mean curvatures of the different types of these twisted surfaces and draw some figures for these twisted surfaces.

  20. Pseudo-affinity chromatography of rumen microbial cellulase on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pseudo affinity adsorption of bioproducts on Sepharose-cibacron blue F3-GA was subjected to rumen microbial enzyme evaluation through batch binding and column chromatography of cellulase. The results showed that homogenizing method had better performance in the release of enzyme, so that the amount of enzyme ...

  1. Empirical pseudo-potential studies on electronic structure of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 31; Issue 3. Empirical pseudo-potential studies on electronic structure of semiconducting quantum dots. Anjali Kshirsagar Neelesh ... Theoretical investigations of electronic structure of quantum dots is of current interest in nanophase materials. Empirical theories such ...

  2. Pseudo-Meig's Syndrome associated with huge Uterine Leiomyoma ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Pseudo-Meigs syndrome consists of pleural effusion, ascites, and benign tumors of the ovary other than fibromas. These benign tumors include the tumors of fallopian tube or uterus, mature teratomas, struma ovarii, and ovarian leiomyomas. In a postmenopausal woman presence of complex pelvic mass, ...

  3. Pseudo-cryptanalysis of the Original Blue Midnight Wish

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Steffen

    2010-01-01

    cryptanalysis on the original version of BMW, as submitted to the SHA-3 competition in October 2008. The attacks described are (near-)collision, preimage and second preimage attacks on the BMW compression function. These attacks can also be described as pseudo-attacks on the full hash function, i.e., as attacks...

  4. Computing the Visibility Graph via Pseudo-triangulations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pocchiola, Michel; Vegter, Gert

    1995-01-01

    We show that the k free bitangents of a collection of n pairwise disjoint convex plane sets can be computed in time O(k + n log n) and O(n) working space. The algorithm uses only one advanced data structure, namely a splittable queue. We introduce (weakly) greedy pseudo-triangulations, whose

  5. Neuropathie optique compressive secondaire à une pseudo-tumeur ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Neuropathie optique compressive secondaire à une pseudo-tumeur inflammatoire. Wafa Ammari, Olfa Berriche, Olfa Berriche. Abstract. La neuropathie optique regroupe l'ensemble des lésions du nerf optique. Le diagnostic est habituellement clinique: diminution de l'acuité visuelle, altération de la vision des couleurs, ...

  6. Pseudo-obstrucción intestinal crónica Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. T. Muñoz

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available El síndrome de pseudo-obstrucción intestinal crónica se caracteriza por la presencia de cuadros clínicos recidivantes que simulan una obstrucción intestinal pero en ausencia de proceso obstructivo anatómico. Es poco frecuente pero determina una alta morbilidad. Se origina como consecuencia de una alteración de la motilidad intestinal que no puede hacer progresar su contenido debido a la afectación de su componente muscular, neurológico o de ambos. Son más frecuentes los casos secundarios a un proceso sistémico pero cada vez se describen más cuadros debidos a la afectación primaria de dichos componentes. El desarrollo de técnicas manométricas e histológicas más específicas ha permitido aclarar la patogenia de algunos de estos síndromes, entre los que se incluyen las manifestaciones paraneoplásicas y las enfermedades mitocondriales. La expresión clínica es variable y depende de la causa y de la localización y extensión de la afectación. El diagnóstico de esta entidad es habitualmente difícil lo que origina que a estos pacientes se les practiquen cirugías innecesarias, se les etiquete como enfermos psiquiátricos y el diagnóstico se realice varios años después del inicio de los síntomas. El tratamiento se dirige a mejorar los síntomas y a mantener su estado nutricional mediante medidas dietético-nutricionales, fármacos y actitudes endoscópico-quirúrgicas. La complejidad de estos enfermos aconseja su seguimiento multidisciplinar.Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO is a syndrome characterized by the presence of recurrent episodes of clinical intestinal obstruction in the absence of obstructive lesions. Although this syndrome is rare, it causes a high morbidity. It is caused by a disturbance of the intestinal motility, that results in a failure of the progression of the intestinal content. Basically, the failure of the intestinal motility is a consequence of muscular disorder, neurological disorder or both

  7. Stress-induced phase transformation and pseudo-elastic/pseudo-plastic recovery in intermetallic Ni-Al nanowires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutrakar, Vijay Kumar; Mahapatra, D Roy

    2009-07-22

    Extensive molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been performed in a B2-NiAl nanowire using an embedded atom method (EAM) potential. We show a stress induced [Formula: see text]-centered-tetragonal (BCT) phase transformation and a novel temperature and cross-section dependent pseudo-elastic/pseudo-plastic recovery from such an unstable BCT phase with a recoverable strain of approximately 30% as compared to 5-8% in polycrystalline materials. Such a temperature and cross-section dependent pseudo-elastic/pseudo-plastic strain recovery can be useful in various interesting applications of shape memory and strain sensing in nanoscale devices. Effects of size, temperature, and strain rate on the structural and mechanical properties have also been analyzed in detail. For a given size of the nanowire the yield stress of both the B2 and the BCT phases is found to decrease with increasing temperature, whereas for a given temperature and strain rate the yield stress of both the B2 and the BCT phase is found to increase with increase in the cross-sectional dimensions of the nanowire. A constant elastic modulus of approximately 80 GPa of the B2 phase is observed in the temperature range of 200-500 K for nanowires of cross-sectional dimensions in the range of 17.22-28.712 A, whereas the elastic modulus of the BCT phase shows a decreasing trend with an increase in the temperature.

  8. Pseudo sidescan images from backscatter amplitude data of the Hydrosweep multibean sonar system

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kodagali, V.N.; Hagen, R.; Schenke, H.W.

    Using the rms (root mean square) backscatter amplitude values, a procedure was evolved to generate pseudo sidescan images. A comparison of the pseudo sidescan image with actual Hydrosweep sidescan image, from an area covering a pear shaped seamount...

  9. Regression analysis of restricted mean survival time based on pseudo-observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Per Kragh; Hansen, Mette Gerster; Klein, John P.

    censoring; hazard function; health economics; regression model; survival analysis; mean survival time; restricted mean survival time; pseudo-observations......censoring; hazard function; health economics; regression model; survival analysis; mean survival time; restricted mean survival time; pseudo-observations...

  10. Regression Analysis of Restricted Mean Survival Time Based on Pseudo-Observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Per Kragh; Hansen, Mette Gerster; Klein, John P.

    2004-01-01

    censoring; hazard function; health economics; mean survival time; pseudo-observations; regression model; restricted mean survival time; survival analysis......censoring; hazard function; health economics; mean survival time; pseudo-observations; regression model; restricted mean survival time; survival analysis...

  11. INEXTENSIBLE FLOWS OF CURVES IN THE EQUIFORM GEOMETRY OF THE PSEUDO-GALILEAN SPACE G13

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HANDAN OZTEKIN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we study inextensible ows of curves in 3-dimensional pseudo- Galilean space. We give necessary and sucient conditions for inextensible ows of curves according to equiform geometry in pseudo-Galilean space.

  12. Generalised linear models for correlated pseudo-observations, with applications to multi-state models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Per Kragh; Klein, John P.; Rosthøj, Susanne

    2003-01-01

    Generalised estimating equation; Generalised linear model; Jackknife pseudo-value; Logistic regression; Markov Model; Multi-state model......Generalised estimating equation; Generalised linear model; Jackknife pseudo-value; Logistic regression; Markov Model; Multi-state model...

  13. A novel pseudo-complementary PNA G-C base pair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Anne G.; Dahl, Otto; Petersen, Asger Bjørn

    2011-01-01

    Pseudo-complementary oligonucleotide analogues and mimics provide novel opportunities for targeting duplex structures in RNA and DNA. Previously, a pseudo-complementary A-T base pair has been introduced. Towards sequence unrestricted targeting, a pseudo-complementary G-C base pair consisting...... of the unnatural nucleobases n6-methoxy-2,6-diaminopurine (previously described in a DNA context) and N4-benzoylcytosine is now presented for design of pseudo-complementary PNA oligomers (pcPNAs)....

  14. Stagewise pseudo-value regression for time-varying effects on the cumulative incidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zöller, Daniela; Schmidtmann, Irene; Weinmann, Arndt

    2016-01-01

    using a pseudo-value approach. For a grid of time points, the possibly unobserved binary event status is replaced by a jackknife pseudo-value based on the Aalen-Johansen method. We combine a stagewise regression technique with the pseudo-value approach to provide variable selection while allowing...

  15. Biharmonic Submanifolds with Parallel Mean Curvature Vector in Pseudo-Euclidean Spaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fu, Yu, E-mail: yufudufe@gmail.com [Dongbei University of Finance and Economics, School of Mathematics and Quantitative Economics (China)

    2013-12-15

    In this paper, we investigate biharmonic submanifolds in pseudo-Euclidean spaces with arbitrary index and dimension. We give a complete classification of biharmonic spacelike submanifolds with parallel mean curvature vector in pseudo-Euclidean spaces. We also determine all biharmonic Lorentzian surfaces with parallel mean curvature vector field in pseudo-Euclidean spaces.

  16. Pseudo-nitzschia pungens (Bacillariophyceae): A cosmopolitan species?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Casteleyn, G; Chepurnov, VA; Leliaert, F

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Genetic, reproductive and morphological variation were studied in 193 global strains of the marine diatom species Pseudo-nitzschia pungens (Grunow ex Cleve) Hasle to assess potential intraspecific variation and biogeographic distribution patterns. Genetic differentiation between allo- an...... Zealand) and the NE Pacific (Washington State). Clade I thus appears to be globally distributed in temperate coastal areas and provides the first strong evidence to date for the global distribution of a biologically, genetically and morphologically defined diatom species.......Abstract Genetic, reproductive and morphological variation were studied in 193 global strains of the marine diatom species Pseudo-nitzschia pungens (Grunow ex Cleve) Hasle to assess potential intraspecific variation and biogeographic distribution patterns. Genetic differentiation between allo...

  17. Chaos-based Pseudo-random Number Generation

    KAUST Repository

    Barakat, Mohamed L.

    2014-04-10

    Various methods and systems related to chaos-based pseudo-random number generation are presented. In one example, among others, a system includes a pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) to generate a series of digital outputs and a nonlinear post processing circuit to perform an exclusive OR (XOR) operation on a first portion of a current digital output of the PRNG and a permutated version of a corresponding first portion of a previous post processed output to generate a corresponding first portion of a current post processed output. In another example, a method includes receiving at least a first portion of a current output from a PRNG and performing an XOR operation on the first portion of the current PRNG output with a permutated version of a corresponding first portion of a previous post processed output to generate a corresponding first portion of a current post processed output.

  18. International conference Fourier Analysis and Pseudo-Differential Operators

    CERN Document Server

    Turunen, Ville; Fourier Analysis : Pseudo-differential Operators, Time-Frequency Analysis and Partial Differential Equations

    2014-01-01

    This book is devoted to the broad field of Fourier analysis and its applications to several areas of mathematics, including problems in the theory of pseudo-differential operators, partial differential equations, and time-frequency analysis. This collection of 20 refereed articles is based on selected talks given at the international conference “Fourier Analysis and Pseudo-Differential Operators,” June 25–30, 2012, at Aalto University, Finland, and presents the latest advances in the field. The conference was a satellite meeting of the 6th European Congress of Mathematics, which took place in Krakow in July 2012; it was also the 6th meeting in the series “Fourier Analysis and Partial Differential Equations.”

  19. Superconducting states in pseudo-Landau-levels of strained graphene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchoa, Bruno; Barlas, Yafis

    2013-07-26

    We describe the formation of superconducting states in graphene in the presence of pseudo-Landau-levels induced by strain, when time reversal symmetry is preserved. We show that superconductivity in strained graphene is quantum critical when the pseudo-Landau-levels are completely filled, whereas at partial fillings superconductivity survives at weak coupling. In the weak coupling limit, the critical temperature scales linearly with the coupling strength and shows a sequence of quantum critical points as a function of the filling factor that can be accessed experimentally. We argue that superconductivity can be induced by electron-phonon coupling and that the transition temperature can be controlled with the amount of strain and with the filling fraction of the Landau levels.

  20. Pseudo natural colour aerial imagery for urban and suburban mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Due to their near-infrared data channel, digital airborne four-channel imagers provide a potentially good discrimination between vegetation and human-made materials, which is very useful in automated mapping. Due to their red, green and blue data channels, they also provide natural colour images......, which are very useful in traditional (manual) mapping. In this paper, an algorithm is described which provides an approximation to the spectral capabilities of the four-channel imagers by using a colour-infrared aerial photo as input. The algorithm is tailored to urban/suburban surroundings, where...... the quality of the generated (pseudo) natural colour images are fully acceptable for manual mapping. This brings the combined availability of near-infrared and (pseudo) natural colours within reach for mapping projects based on traditional photogrammetry, which is valuable since traditional analytical cameras...

  1. Using of "pseudo-second-order model" in adsorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Yuh-Shan

    2014-01-01

    A research paper's contribution exists not only in its originality and creativity but also in its continuity and development for research that follows. However, the author easily ignores it. Citation error and quotation error occurred very frequently in a scientific paper. Numerous researchers use secondary references without knowing the original idea from authors. Sulaymon et al. (Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:3011-3023, 2013) and Spiridon et al. (Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:6367-6381, 2013) presented wrong pseudo-second-order models in Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 20. This comment pointed the errors of the kinetic models and offered information for citing original idea of pseudo-second-order kinetic expression. In order to stop the proliferation of the mistake, it is suggested to cite the original paper for the kinetic model which provided greater accuracy and more details about the kinetic expression.

  2. A pseudo-single-crystalline germanium film for flexible electronics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Higashi, H.; Yamada, S.; Kanashima, T.; Hamaya, K., E-mail: hamaya@ee.es.osaka-u.ac.jp [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Kasahara, K.; Park, J.-H.; Miyao, M. [Department of Electronics, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan); Kudo, K.; Okamoto, H.; Moto, K.; Tsunoda, I. [Kumamoto National College of Technology, 2659-2 Suya, Koshi, Kumamoto 861-1102 (Japan)

    2015-01-26

    We demonstrate large-area (∼600 μm), (111)-oriented, and high-crystallinity, i.e., pseudo-single-crystalline, germanium (Ge) films at 275 °C, where the temperature is lower than the softening temperature of a flexible substrate. A modulated gold-induced layer exchange crystallization method with an atomic-layer deposited Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} barrier and amorphous-Ge/Au multilayers is established. From the Raman measurements, we can judge that the crystallinity of the obtained Ge films is higher than those grown by aluminum-induced-crystallization methods. Even on a flexible substrate, the pseudo-single-crystalline Ge films for the circuit with thin-film transistor arrays can be achieved, leading to high-performance flexible electronics based on an inorganic-semiconductor channel.

  3. Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in a dog: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.L. Bicalho

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a rare disorder that affects gastrointestinal propulsion. It may be secondary to several pathological conditions or it may develop without a known cause. A 1.2 year-old intact Pug bitch had a history of vomiting and constipation, which were followed by diarrhea and distended abdomen. Hypomotility and dilation of the small intestine, which was filled with gas, were observed during laparotomy. Histologically, full thickness biopsy specimens demonstrated a severe loss and degeneration of leiomyocytes in the inner and outer muscular layers of the intestinal wall, whereas there was a marked hypertrophy and hyperplasia of smooth muscle cells in the lamina propria, and extremely thickened muscularis mucosae arranged in bundles oriented in different directions with marked hypertrophy and hyperplasia of leiomyocytes. Distribution of leiomyocytes was further characterized by immunohistochemistry. These findings support the diagnosis of intestinal pseudo-obstruction in a Pug, associated with degeneration and loss of leiomyocytes in the muscular layer.

  4. Nearly pseudo-Kähler manifolds and related special holonomies

    CERN Document Server

    Schäfer, Lars

    2017-01-01

    Developing and providing an overview of recent results on nearly Kähler geometry on pseudo-Riemannian manifolds, this monograph emphasizes the differences with the classical Riemannian geometry setting. The focal objects of the text are related to special holonomy and Killing spinors and have applications in high energy physics, such as supergravity and string theory. Before starting into the field, a self-contained introduction to the subject is given, aimed at students with a solid background in differential geometry. The book will therefore be accessible to masters and Ph.D. students who are beginning work on nearly Kähler geometry in pseudo-Riemannian signature, and also to non-experts interested in gaining an overview of the subject.  Moreover, a number of results and techniques are provided which will be helpful for differential geometers as well as for high energy physicists interested in the mathematical background of the geometric objects they need.

  5. Chronic primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction from visceral myopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz-Yagüe, M T; Marín, J C; Colina, F; Ibarrola, C; López-Alonso, G; Martín, M A; Solís-Herruzo, J A

    2006-04-01

    Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is an uncommon syndrome characterized by relapsing episodes suggesting intestinal obstruction during which no mechanical causes are identified to account for symptoms. Etiologic factors may be manifold. Among them a number of neurologic conditions, gastrointestinal smooth muscle myopathies, endocrino-metabolic and autoimmune diseases, and the use of selected drugs stand out. We report a case of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction originating in a sporadic, primary intestinal myopathy that corresponds to no type thus far described. A histological study of the intestinal wall showed disrupted muscle bundles and the presence of interstitial edema. Myocytes had severe degenerative changes, and no alterations were seen in submucosal and myenteric plexus neurons. The activity of enzyme complexes in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, and of thymidine phosphorylase was normal. No mitochondrial DNA changes were seen.

  6. A mathematical model for a pseudo-plastic welding joint

    OpenAIRE

    Iosifescu, Oana; Juntharee, Pongpol; Licht, Christian; Michaille, Gérard

    2009-01-01

    An elementary situation in welding involves the perfect assembly of two adherents and a strong adhesive occupying a thin layer. The bulk energy density of the hyperelastic adherents grows superlinearly while that of the pseudo-plastic adhesive grows linearly with a stiffness of the order of the inverse of its thickness epsilon. We propose a simplified but accurate model by studying the asymptotic behavior, when epsilon goes to zero, through variational convergence methods: at the limit, the i...

  7. La tuberculose abdominale pseudo-tumorale | El Barni | Pan African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Même en l'absence d'antécédents de tuberculose pulmonaire, le diagnostic tuberculose abdominale pseudo-tumorale doit être évoqué surtout dans un pays d'endémie comme le notre et le recours à une laparotomie est justifié chaque fois que persiste un doute diagnostique ou en cas de complication. Pan African Medical ...

  8. Les pseudo nodules thyroidiens | Chahed | Journal Tunisien d'ORL ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'examen cytologique fait par une personne entraînée peut être contributif au diagnostic différentiel. Cependant, le diagnostic se fait souvent après cervicotomie exploratrice. Mots clés : pseudo- nodule, thyroïde, kyste hydatique, schwannome, adénome parathyroïdien, kyste du tractus thyréoglosse, chondrosarcome ...

  9. mRNA-Producing Pseudo-nucleus System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Seung Won; Park, Kyung Soo; Shin, Woo Jung; Um, Soong Ho

    2015-11-04

    A pseudo-eukaryotic nucleus (PEN) system consisting of a gene-containing DNA hydrogel encapsulated in a liposome is fabricated. Owing to the structural characteristics of gene-containing DNA hydrogel, mRNA transcription efficiency is promoted 2.57-fold. Through the use of PEN as a platform for mRNA delivery to the cytosol, prolonged protein translation is achieved. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  10. Regression analysis of censored data using pseudo-observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Morten; Andersen, Per K.; Parner, Erik T.

    2015-01-01

    We present updated versions of the stpsurv, stpci, and stpmean commands, which were introduced in Parner and Andersen (2010, Stata Journal 10: 408–422), along with a new command, stplost. The commands generate pseudo-observations of the survival function, the cumulative incidence function under...... commands feature new options, an increase in computational speed, and the ability to handle survival data with delayed entry....

  11. Core curriculum case illustration: blunt traumatic thoracic aortic pseudo aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramzan, Muhammad Mubashir; Fadl, Shaimaa Abdelhassib; Robinson, Jeffrey D

    2017-06-19

    Core Curriculum Illustration: [blunt thoracic aortic pseudo aneurysm]. This is the [40th] installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.aseronline.org/curriculum/toc.html.

  12. La forme pseudo tumorale de la tuberculose primitive du nasopharynx

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La tuberculose primitive du nasopharynx est rare, nous présentons deux observations révélées par un aspect pseudo tumoral et à travers lesquelles nous soulevons le problème de diagnostic différentiel avec les lésions malignes du nasopharynx. La première observation concerne un jeune patient de 22 ans hospitalisé ...

  13. Top-Mode pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone Boson Higgs model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukano, Hidenori S.

    2017-12-01

    We discuss the Top-Mode pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone Boson Higgs (TMpNGBH) model which has recently been proposed as a variant of the top quark condensate model in light of the 125 GeV Higgs boson discovered at the LHC. In this talk, we focus on the vacuum alignment and the phenomenologies of characteristic particles of the TMpNGBH model.

  14. Pseudo Knowledge Sharing: The Influence of Trust and Guanxi Orientation

    OpenAIRE

    See-Kwong Goh; Poh-Yee Nee

    2015-01-01

    Despite the fact that knowledge sharing has been deemed as a competitive advantage and business sustainability tools for organizations, however many researcher has underpinned the deleterious impact knowledge sharing can bring forth to an organization performance. To date, it is found that minimal empirical research has been devoted to the dark side of knowledge sharing activities. Thus, this present study aims to extend this aspect specifically on pseudo knowledge sharing (PKS). The present ...

  15. Discrete Pseudo-SINR-Balancing Nonlinear Recurrent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zekeriya Uykan

    2013-01-01

    system and extend the results in Uykan (2009, which are for autonomous linear systems, to nonlinear case. The proposed system can be viewed as a discrete-time realization of a recently proposed continuous-time network in Uykan (2013. In this paper, we focus on discrete-time analysis and provide various novel key results concerning the discrete-time dynamics of the proposed system, some of which are as follows: (i the proposed system is shown to be stable in synchronous and asynchronous work mode in discrete time; (ii a novel concept called Pseudo-SINR (pseudo-signal-to-interference-noise ratio is introduced for discrete-time nonlinear systems; (iii it is shown that when the system states approach an equilibrium point, the instantaneous Pseudo-SINRs are balanced; that is, they are equal to a target value. The simulation results confirm the novel results presented and show the effectiveness of the proposed discrete-time network as applied to various associative memory systems and clustering problems.

  16. Pseudo-Reference-Based Assembly of Vertebrate Transcriptomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyoungwoo Nam

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available High-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq provides a comprehensive picture of the transcriptome, including the identity, structure, quantity, and variability of expressed transcripts in cells, through the assembly of sequenced short RNA-seq reads. Although the reference-based approach guarantees the high quality of the resulting transcriptome, this approach is only applicable when the relevant reference genome is present. Here, we developed a pseudo-reference-based assembly (PRA that reconstructs a transcriptome based on a linear regression function of the optimized mapping parameters and genetic distances of the closest species. Using the linear model, we reconstructed transcriptomes of four different aves, the white leg horn, turkey, duck, and zebra finch, with the Gallus gallus genome as a pseudo-reference, and of three primates, the chimpanzee, gorilla, and macaque, with the human genome as a pseudo-reference. The resulting transcriptomes show that the PRAs outperformed the de novo approach for species with within about 10% mutation rate among orthologous transcriptomes, enough to cover distantly related species as far as chicken and duck. Taken together, we suggest that the PRA method can be used as a tool for reconstructing transcriptome maps of vertebrates whose genomes have not yet been sequenced.

  17. Evolution equations in generalized Stepanov-like pseudo almost automorphic spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toka Diagana

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article, first we introduce and study the concept of $mathbb{S}_{gamma}^p$-pseudo almost automorphy (or generalized Stepanov-like pseudo almost automorphy, which is more general than the notion of Stepanov-like pseudo almost automorphy due to Diagana. We next study the existence of solutions to some classes of nonautonomous differential equations of Sobolev type in $mathbb{S}_{gamma}^p$-pseudo almost automorphic spaces. To illustrate our abstract result, we will study the existence and uniqueness of a pseudo almost automorphic solution to the heat equation with a negative time-dependent diffusion coefficient.

  18. Research on pseudo-color image generation technology of the distribution of gaseous pollutants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jiao; Sheng, HuaiJie; Shao, Li; Cheng, YuBao

    2016-11-01

    In order to improve the visualization of the output data of gaseous pollutants monitoring system and study pseudo-color image generation technology, this research combines the column concentration data of polluted gas with spatial position parameter to design a grey-color conversion method based on visual pseudo-color coding, generates the pseudo-color images of column concentration of the distribution of polluted gas and evaluates the pseudo-color coding scheme designed in HSI color space. The evaluation results show that the designed coding scheme can effectively conduct pseudo-color display for the concentration section of polluted gas.

  19. Detailed ab initio first-principles study of the magnetic anisotropy in a family of trigonal pyramidal iron(II) pyrrolide complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atanasov, Mihail; Ganyushin, Dmitry; Pantazis, Dimitrios A; Sivalingam, Kantharuban; Neese, Frank

    2011-08-15

    A theoretical, computational, and conceptual framework for the interpretation and prediction of the magnetic anisotropy of transition metal complexes with orbitally degenerate or orbitally nearly degenerate ground states is explored. The treatment is based on complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) wave functions in conjunction with N-electron valence perturbation theory (NEVPT2) and quasidegenerate perturbation theory (QDPT) for treatment of magnetic field- and spin-dependent relativistic effects. The methodology is applied to a series of Fe(II) complexes in ligand fields of almost trigonal pyramidal symmetry as provided by several variants of the tris-pyrrolylmethyl amine ligand (tpa). These systems have recently attracted much attention as mononuclear single-molecule magnet (SMM) complexes. This study aims to establish how the ligand field can be fine tuned in order to maximize the magnetic anisotropy barrier. In trigonal ligand fields high-spin Fe(II) complexes adopt an orbitally degenerate (5)E ground state with strong in-state spin-orbit coupling (SOC). We study the competing effects of SOC and the (5)E⊗ε multimode Jahn-Teller effect as a function of the peripheral substituents on the tpa ligand. These subtle distortions were found to have a significant effect on the magnetic anisotropy. Using a rigorous treatment of all spin multiplets arising from the triplet and quintet states in the d(6) configuration the parameters of the effective spin-Hamiltonian (SH) approach were predicted from first principles. Being based on a nonperturbative approach we investigate under which conditions the SH approach is valid and what terms need to be retained. It is demonstrated that already tiny geometric distortions observed in the crystal structures of four structurally and magnetically well-documented systems, reported recently, i.e., [Fe(tpa(R))](-) (R = tert-butyl, Tbu (1), mesityl, Mes (2), phenyl, Ph (3), and 2,6-difluorophenyl, Dfp (4), are enough to

  20. Pseudo-acne fulminans associated with oral isotretinoin*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grando, Luciana Rosa; Leite, Oriete Gerin; Cestari, Tania Ferreira

    2014-01-01

    Acne fulminans is a rare and serious condition characterized by the sudden onset of nodular and ulcerative acne lesions associated with systemic symptoms. It has been recognized a subset of patients with a sudden worsening of acne, often during treatment with oral isotretinoin, but without the strong presence of systemic involvement. Recognized by some authors as "pseudo-acne fulminans" or " acne fulminans sine fulminans," we report a case with these features in order to draw attention to the recognition and early management of this manifestation. PMID:25054758

  1. [Hemopyrrollactamuria (HPU); from spots to pseudo-disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Meer, J W; van de Kerkhof, R; The, G K; Boers, G H

    2003-09-06

    In recent years, patients in the Netherlands confront their doctors with the diagnosis 'haemopyrollactamuria' (HPU), based on the presence of the haemopyrrollactam complex in their urine. The diagnosis is made by a commercial laboratory in the Netherlands (www.keac.nl). We have not been able to find peer-reviewed scientific literature on this metabolic disease. The haemopyrrollactam complex represents the so-called mauve spot, which was the subject of much controversy in schizophrenia research in the previous century. Reviewing all of the available data, we feel that HPU should be classified as a pseudo-disease.

  2. Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gatti, A.; Bache, Morten; Magatti, D.

    2006-01-01

    We investigate experimentally fundamental properties of coherent ghost imaging using spatially incoherent beams generated from a pseudo-thermal source. A complementarity between the coher- ence of the beams and the correlation between them is demonstrated by showing a complementarity between ghost...... diffraction and ordinary diffraction patterns. In order for the ghost imaging scheme to work it is therefore crucial to have incoherent beams. The visibility of the information is shown for the ghost image to become better as the object size relative to the speckle size is decreased, and therefore...

  3. Pseudo-compressibility methods for the incompressible flow equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkel, Eli; Arnone, A.

    1993-01-01

    Preconditioning methods to accelerate convergence to a steady state for the incompressible fluid dynamics equations are considered. The analysis relies on the inviscid equations. The preconditioning consists of a matrix multiplying the time derivatives. Thus the steady state of the preconditioned system is the same as the steady state of the original system. The method is compared to other types of pseudo-compressibility. For finite difference methods preconditioning can change and improve the steady state solutions. An application to viscous flow around a cascade with a non-periodic mesh is presented.

  4. Pseudo inputs for pairwise learning with Gaussian processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jens Brehm; Jensen, Bjørn Sand; Larsen, Jan

    2012-01-01

    is based on a classical pairwise probit likelihood imposed with a Gaussian process prior. While extremely flexible, this non-parametric method struggles with an inconvenient O(n3) scaling in terms of the n input instances which limits the method only to smaller problems. To overcome this, we derive...... a specific sparse extension of the classical pairwise likelihood using the pseudo-input formulation. The behavior of the proposed extension is demonstrated on a toy example and on two real-world data sets which outlines the potential gain and pitfalls of the approach. Finally, we discuss the relation...

  5. Displaced vertices from pseudo-Dirac dark matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davoli, Alessandro; De Simone, Andrea; Jacques, Thomas; Sanz, Verónica

    2017-11-01

    Displaced vertices are relatively unusual signatures for dark matter searches at the LHC. We revisit the model of pseudo-Dirac dark matter (pDDM), which can accommodate the correct relic density, evade direct detection constraints, and generically provide observable collider signatures in the form of displaced vertices. We use this model as a benchmark to illustrate the general techniques involved in the analysis, the complementarity between monojet and displaced vertex searches, and provide a comprehensive study of the current bounds and prospective reach.

  6. Age bimodality in the central region of pseudo-bulges in S0 galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Preetish K.; Barway, Sudhanshu; Wadadekar, Yogesh

    2017-11-01

    We present evidence for bimodal stellar age distribution of pseudo-bulges of S0 galaxies as probed by the Dn(4000) index. We do not observe any bimodality in age distribution for pseudo-bulges in spiral galaxies. Our sample is flux limited and contains 2067 S0 and 2630 spiral galaxies drawn from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We identify pseudo-bulges in S0 and spiral galaxies, based on the position of the bulge on the Kormendy diagram and their central velocity dispersion. Dividing the pseudo-bulges of S0 galaxies into those containing old and young stellar populations, we study the connection between global star formation and pseudo-bulge age on the u - r colour-mass diagram. We find that most old pseudo-bulges are hosted by passive galaxies while majority of young bulges are hosted by galaxies that are star forming. Dividing our sample of S0 galaxies into early-type S0s and S0/a galaxies, we find that old pseudo-bulges are mainly hosted by early-type S0 galaxies while most of the pseudo-bulges in S0/a galaxies are young. We speculate that morphology plays a strong role in quenching of star formation in the disc of these S0 galaxies, which stops the growth of pseudo-bulges, giving rise to old pseudo-bulges and the observed age bimodality.

  7. Pseudo-Stem Banana Fibers: Characterization and Chromium Removal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Becker

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this work, pseudo-stems of the banana tree were collected, characterized and used as adsorbent materials for the removal of the chromium ions from aqueous solution. The characterization of pseudo-stems by FTIR suggests the presence of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. The predominant groups were carbonyls (0.312 ± 0.010 mmol g–1 adsorbent, phenols (0.237 ± 0.021 mmol g–1 adsorbent, lactones (0.041 ± 0.003 mmol g–1 adsorbent and basic groups (0.096 ± 0.006 mmol g–1 adsorbent. The textural propriety of the adsorbent, surface area, pore volume and pore diameter were found to be 0.383 m2 g–1, 0.003525 cm3 g–1 and 368.3 Å, respectively. The pHpzc value was found 7.5 and so the adsorption assays of chromium removal from solution were more efficiently at acidic pH values. The experiments show that approximately 95% and 78% of the Cr (VI was removed from solution by untreated and treated fiber, respectively, in 300 minutes of the contact time.

  8. Pseudo-homophony in non-native listening

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutler, Anne; Otake, Takashi

    2004-05-01

    Pseudo-homophony may result when non-native listeners cannot distinguish phonemic contrasts. Thus Dutch listeners have difficulty distinguishing the vowels of English cattle versus kettle, because this contrast is subsumed by a single Dutch vowel category; in consequence, both words may be activated whenever either is heard. A lexical decision study in English explored this phenomenon by testing for repetition priming. The materials contained among 340 items 18 pairs such as cattle/kettle, i.e., contrasting only in those vowels, and 18 pairs contrasting only in r/l (e.g., right/light). These materials, spoken by a native American English speaker, were presented to fluent non-native speakers of English, 48 Dutch Nijmegen University students, and 48 Japanese Dokkyo University students; the listeners performed lexical decision on each spoken item, and response time was measured. Dutch listeners responded significantly faster to one member of a cattle/kettle pair after having heard the other member earlier in the list (compared with having heard a control word), suggesting that both words had been activated whichever had been heard. Japanese listeners, however, showed no such priming for cattle/kettle words, but did show repetition priming across r/l pairs such as right/light. Non-native listeners' phonemic discrimination difficulties thus generate pseudo-homophony.

  9. PRIMITIVE MATRICES AND GENERATORS OF PSEUDO RANDOM SEQUENCES OF GALOIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Beletsky

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In theory and practice of information cryptographic protection one of the key problems is the forming a binary pseudo-random sequences (PRS with a maximum length with acceptable statistical characteristics. PRS generators are usually implemented by linear shift register (LSR of maximum period with linear feedback [1]. In this paper we extend the concept of LSR, assuming that each of its rank (memory cell can be in one of the following condition. Let’s call such registers “generalized linear shift register.” The research goal is to develop algorithms for constructing Galois and Fibonacci generalized matrix of n-order over the field , which uniquely determined both the structure of corresponding generalized of n-order LSR maximal period, and formed on their basis Galois PRS generators of maximum length. Thus the article presents the questions of formation the primitive generalized Fibonacci and Galois arbitrary order matrix over the prime field . The synthesis of matrices is based on the use of irreducible polynomials of degree and primitive elements of the extended field generated by polynomial. The constructing methods of Galois and Fibonacci conjugated primitive matrices are suggested. The using possibilities of such matrices in solving the problem of constructing generalized generators of Galois pseudo-random sequences are discussed.

  10. Pseudo-creep in Shape Memory Alloy Wires and Sheets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russalian, V. R.; Bhattacharyya, A.

    2017-10-01

    Interruption of loading during reorientation and isothermal pseudoelasticity in shape memory alloys with a strain arrest ( i.e., holding strain constant) results in a time-dependent evolution in stress or with a stress arrest ( i.e., holding stress constant) results in a time-dependent evolution in strain. This phenomenon, which we term as pseudo-creep, is similar to what was reported in the literature three decades ago for some traditional metallic materials undergoing plastic deformation. In a previous communication, we reported strain arrest of isothermal pseudoelastic loading, isothermal pseudoelastic unloading, and reorientation in NiTi wires as well as a rate-independent phase diagram. In this paper, we provide experimental results of the pseudo-creep phenomenon during stress arrest of isothermal pseudoelasticity and reorientation in NiTi wires as well as strain arrest of isothermal pseudoelasticity and reorientation in NiTi sheets. Stress arrest in NiTi wires accompanied by strain accumulation or recovery is studied using the technique of multi-video extensometry. The experimental results were used to estimate the amount of mechanical energy needed to evolve the wire from one microstructural state to another during isothermal pseudoelastic deformation and the difference in energies between the initial and the final rest state between which the aforementioned evolution has occurred.

  11. Pseudo-Finslerian Space-Times and Multirefringence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skákala, Jozef; Visser, Matt

    Ongoing searches for a quantum theory of gravity have repeatedly led to the suggestion that space-time might ultimately be anisotropic (Finsler-like) and/or exhibit multirefringence (multiple signal cones). Multiple (and even anisotropic) signal cones can be easily dealt with in a unified manner, by writing down a single Fresnel equation to simultaneously encode all signal cones in an even-handed manner. Once one gets off the signal cone and attempts to construct a full multirefringent space-time metric the situation becomes more problematic. In the multirefringent case we shall report a significant no-go result: in multirefringent models there is no simple or compelling way to construct any unifying notion of pseudo-Finsler space-time metric, different from a monorefringenent model, where the signal cone structure plus a conformal factor completely specifies the full pseudo-Riemannian metric. To throw some light on this situation we use an analog model where both anisotropy and multirefringence occur simultaneously: biaxial birefringent crystal. But the significance of our results extends beyond the optical framework in which (purely for pedagogical reasons) we are working, and has implications for any attempt at introducing multirefringence and intrinsic anisotropies to any model of quantum gravity that has a low energy manifold-like limit.

  12. Existence of pseudo almost periodic solutions for a class of partial functional differential equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui-Sheng Ding

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we first introduce a new class of pseudo almost periodic type functions and investigate some properties of pseudo almost periodic type functions; and then we discuss the existence of pseudo almost periodic solutions to the class of abstract partial functional differential equations $x'(t=Ax(t+f(t,x_t$ with finite delay in a Banach space X.

  13. ANALYSIS OF THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND MORPHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF BANANA PSEUDO-STEM

    OpenAIRE

    Kun Li; Shiyu Fu; Huaiyu Zhan; Yao Zhan; Lucian A. Lucia

    2010-01-01

    An analysis of the chemical composition and anatomical structure of banana pseudo-stem was carried out using Light Microscopy (LM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM). The chemical analysis indicated there is a high holocellulose content and low lignin content in banana pseudo-stem compared with some other non-wood fiber resources. These results demonstrate that the banana pseudo-stem has potential value for pulping. In addition, we report for th...

  14. Neutrosophic Regular Filters and Fuzzy Regular Filters in Pseudo-BCI Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohong Zhang

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Neutrosophic set is a new mathematical tool for handling problems involving imprecise, indeterminacy and inconsistent data. Pseudo-BCI algebra is a kind of non-classical logic algebra in close connection with various non-commutative fuzzy logics. Recently, we applied neutrosophic set theory to pseudo-BCI algebras. In this paper, we study neutrosophic filters in pseudo-BCI algebras.

  15. Continuous curves of nonmetric pseudo-arcs and semi-conjugacies to interval maps

    OpenAIRE

    Boronski, Jan P.; Smith, Michel

    2017-01-01

    In 1985 M. Smith constructed a nonmetric pseudo-arc; i.e. a Hausdorff homogeneous, hereditary equivalent and hereditary indecomposable continuum. Taking advantage of a decomposition theorem of W. Lewis, he obtained it as a long inverse limit of metric pseudo-arcs with monotone bonding maps. Extending his approach, and the results of Lewis on lifting homeomorphisms, we construct a nonmetric pseudo-circle, and new examples of homogeneous 1-dimensional continua; e.g. a circle and solenoids of no...

  16. Pseudo-arthrosis repair of a posterior cruciate ligament avulsion fracture

    OpenAIRE

    Hoogervorst, Paul; Gardeniers, J.W.M.; Moret-Wever, S.; Kampen, A. van

    2010-01-01

    A pseudo-arthrosis repair of a 4-year-old bony avulsion fracture of the PCL using a minimally invasive technique, screw fixation, and bone grafting is reported. The case presented seems to be rather unique due to the fragment size and the approach for pseudo-arthrosis repair. There was a good functional result following minimally invasive pseudo-arthrosis repair of a posterior cruciate ligament avulsion fracture. There are no previous reports of similar pseudo-arthrosis repairs, and other aut...

  17. Um caso de pseudo-hermafrodita masculino em um suíno

    OpenAIRE

    Corcini, Carine Dahl; Leon, Priscila Marques Moura de; Rambo, Gissele; Santos, Elisa Caroline da Silva; Varela Júnior, Antonio Sergio; Moreira, Fabiana; Fernandes, Cristina Gevehr; Lucia Júnior, Thomaz

    2009-01-01

    Os termos pseudo-hermafrodita e intersexo são utilizados para se referir a animais com traços sexuais ambíguos. O diagnostico de pseudo-hermafrodita é baseado nos vestígios de gônadas e aspecto fenotípico do trato reprodutivo. Os pseudo-hermafroditas masculinos são aqueles que possuem somente testículo. Este trabalho relata um caso de pseudo-hermafrodita masculino em um suíno, cujo aparelho reprodutor foi colhido na linha de abate de um frigorífico. O animal, com idade de 150 dias...

  18. Um caso de pseudo-hermafrodita masculino em um suíno

    OpenAIRE

    Corcini, Carine Dahl; Leon, Priscila Marques Moura; Rambo, Gissele; Santos, Elisa Caroline da Silva; Varela Junior, Antonio Sergio; Moreira, Fabiana; Fernandes, Cristina Gevehr; Lucia Junior, Thomaz

    2009-01-01

    Os termos pseudo-hermafrodita e intersexo são utilizados para se referir a animais com traços sexuais ambíguos. O diagnostico de pseudo-hermafrodita é baseado nos vestígios de gônadas e aspecto fenotípico do trato reprodutivo. Os pseudo-hermafroditas masculinos são aqueles que possuem somente testículo. Este trabalho relata um caso de pseudo-hermafrodita masculino em um suíno, cujo aparelho reprodutor foi colhido na linha de abate de um frigorífico. O animal, com idade de 150 dias e peso apro...

  19. Introduction to fractional and pseudo-differential equations with singular symbols

    CERN Document Server

    Umarov, Sabir

    2015-01-01

    The book systematically presents the theories of pseudo-differential operators with symbols singular in dual variables, fractional order derivatives, distributed and variable order fractional derivatives, random walk approximants, and applications of these theories to various initial and multi-point boundary value problems for pseudo-differential equations. Fractional Fokker-Planck-Kolmogorov equations associated with a large class of stochastic processes are presented. A complex version of the theory of pseudo-differential operators with meromorphic symbols based on the recently introduced complex Fourier transform is developed and applied for initial and boundary value problems for systems of complex differential and pseudo-differential equations.

  20. Fully Digital Chaotic Oscillators Applied to Pseudo Random Number Generation

    KAUST Repository

    Mansingka, Abhinav S.

    2012-05-01

    adapted for pseudo random number generation by truncating statistically defective bits. Finally, a novel post-processing technique using the Fibonacci series is proposed and implemented with a non-autonomous driven hyperchaotic system to provide pseudo random number generators with high nonlinear complexity and controllable period length that enables full utilization of all branches of the chaotic output as statistically secure pseudo random output.

  1. Hybrid carbon nanostructure assemblage for high performance pseudo-capacitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. K. Mishra

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Investigation of novel nanocomposites for pseudo-capacitors with high capacitance and energy density is the spotlight of current energy research. In the present work, hybrid carbon nanostructure assemblage of graphene and multiwalled carbon nanotubes has been used as carbon support to nanostructured RuO2 and polyaniline for high energy supercapacitors. Maximum specific capacitances of 110, 235 and 440 F g−1 at the voltage sweep rate of 10 mV s−1 and maximum energy densities of 7, 12.5 and 20.5 Wh kg−1 were observed for carbon assemblage and its RuO2 and polyanilne decorated nanocomposites, respectively, with 1M H2SO4 as electrolyte.

  2. Pseudo Goldstone Bosons Phenomenology in Minimal Walking Technicolor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hapola, Tuomas; Mescia, Federico; Nardecchia, Marco

    2012-01-01

    We construct the non-linear realized Lagrangian for the Goldstone Bosons associated to the breaking pattern of SU(4) to SO(4). This pattern is expected to occur in any Technicolor extension of the standard model featuring two Dirac fermions transforming according to real representations of the un......We construct the non-linear realized Lagrangian for the Goldstone Bosons associated to the breaking pattern of SU(4) to SO(4). This pattern is expected to occur in any Technicolor extension of the standard model featuring two Dirac fermions transforming according to real representations...... of the underlying gauge group. We concentrate on the Minimal Walking Technicolor quantum number assignments with respect to the standard model symmetries. We demonstrate that for, any choice of the quantum numbers, consistent with gauge and Witten anomalies the spectrum of the pseudo Goldstone Bosons contains...

  3. Understanding quantum non-locality through pseudo-telepathy game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunkri, Samir

    2006-11-01

    Usually by quantum non-locality we mean that quantum mechanics can not be replaced by local realistic theory. On the other hand this nonlocal feature of quantum mechanics can not be used for instantaneous communication and hence it respect Einstein's special theory of relativity. But still it is not trivial as proved by various quantum information processing using entangled states. Recently there have been studies of hypothetical non-local system again respecting no-signalling which is beyond quantum mechanics. Here we study the power of such a hypothetical nonlocal box first suggested by Popescu et.al. in the context of recently suggested pseudo-telepathy game constructed from a Kochen-Specker set.

  4. Pseudo paths towards minimum energy states in network dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedayatifar, L.; Hassanibesheli, F.; Shirazi, A. H.; Vasheghani Farahani, S.; Jafari, G. R.

    2017-10-01

    The dynamics of networks forming on Heider balance theory moves towards lower tension states. The condition derived from this theory enforces agents to reevaluate and modify their interactions to achieve equilibrium. These possible changes in network's topology can be considered as various paths that guide systems to minimum energy states. Based on this theory the final destination of a system could reside on a local minimum energy, ;jammed state;, or the global minimum energy, balanced states. The question we would like to address is whether jammed states just appear by chance? Or there exist some pseudo paths that bound a system towards a jammed state. We introduce an indicator to suspect the location of a jammed state based on the Inverse Participation Ratio method (IPR). We provide a margin before a local minimum where the number of possible paths dramatically drastically decreases. This is a condition that proves adequate for ending up on a jammed states.

  5. Pseudo noise code and data transmission method and apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deerkoski, L. F. (Inventor)

    1977-01-01

    Pseudo noise ranging codes, having a predetermined chipping rate, and a pair of binary data sources, each having a bit rate no greater than one tenth the chipping rate, quadriphase, digitally modulate a suppressed carrier wave having a first frequency are examined. Two additional binary data sources, each having a bit rate that is not restricted by the chipping rate of the first carrier, quadriphase, digitally modulate a suppressed carrier wave having a second frequency. The first and second frequencies are only slightly displaced so that there is overlap in the frequency bands which modulate the two carriers. The two suppressed carrier waves are linearly combined and transmitted from a first station to a second station so that the amplitude of the transmitted first wave is controlled so as not to degrade the detectability of the second wave at the second station.

  6. A Resource Guide for Debunking Astronomical Pseudo-Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraknoi, A.

    2008-11-01

    Many of us who do public programs for the International Year of Astronomy are likely to meet people who have questions or want to challenge us about pseudo-scientific topics related to astronomy. Perhaps they have heard about the claim that the moon landings were a hoax, or have seen a light in the sky which puzzled them. Even those of us who have extensive training in astronomy often are not prepared for tackling such questions. To deal with such situations, here is a concise guide to printed and web resources that offer rational examination of some of these ``fiction science'' claims. This is not a complete list, but a ``first defense'' for beginners. A fuller version can be found at: http://www.astrosociety.org/education/resources/pseudobib.html

  7. Hyperkalemia induced pseudo-myocardial infarction in septic shock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S E Pothiawala

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hyperkalemia is an acute life-threatening disorder presenting to the emergency department. Patients with hyperkalemia may manifest characteristic electrocardiographic changes including tented T waves, widening of the QRS complex and loss of P waves, sine wave pattern and eventually asystole. There have been only few reports of hyperkalemia causing ST segment elevation on electrocardiogram simulating an acute myocardial infarction. This case describes pseudo-myocardial infarction due to hyperkalemia and septic shock. Rapid determination of serum potassium levels by bedside blood gas analyzers serves to be a useful guide. ST segment elevation related to hyperkalemia will resolve with successful reduction of the serum potassium levels by appropriate therapy. It is important for physicians to be aware of this condition as this will aid in initiating correct therapy and prevent the patient from unnecessary interventions and the associated risk of complications.

  8. Radial artery pseudo aneurysm after percutaneous cannulation using Seldinger technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Ranganath

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cannulation of a peripheral artery in a patient allows for continuous blood pressure (BP monitoring and facilitates frequent arterial blood gas (ABG analysis. Complications include thrombosis, embolism risk, haemorrhage, sepsis, and formation of pseudo aneurysms. A 75-year-old male admitted via casualty with a collapse secondary to seizures. Patient was intubated and mechanically ventilated for 7 days. A right radial artery catheter was inserted on admission to casualty. The arterial catheter remained in situ for 7 days. Five days following its removal, the skin site appeared inflamed and a wound swab grew methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA. Eight days later a distinct bulging of the radial artery was noticed. An ultrasound was done and it showed radial artery pseudoaneurysm, the diagnosis was confirmed by angiogram. Delayed radial artery pseudoaneurysm formation has only been reported in association with infection, and less than twenty of these cases have been reported in the literature.

  9. Primordial GWs from universality classes of pseudo-scalar inflation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieroni, M.

    2017-05-01

    In this contribution we discuss the possibility of generating an observable gravitational wave (GW) background by coupling a pseudo-scalar inflaton to some Abelian gauge fields. This analysis is performed by dividing inflationary models into universality classes. We find that of the most promising scenario is a Starobinsky-like model, which may lead to the generation of observational signatures both in upcoming CMB detectors as well as for direct GW detectors. The signal which can be produced in these models would both be observable in ground-based detectors, such as advanced LIGO, and in space-based detectors, such as LISA. The complementarity between the CMB and direct GW detection may be used to extract informations on the microphysics of inflation. Interestingly the mechanism discussed in this contribution may also be relevant for the generation of Primordial Black Holes (PBHs).

  10. Eyeball pseudo-muscular actuators for an android face

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpi, Federico; De Rossi, Danilo

    2005-05-01

    The human attention system is based on the capability of the eye of focusing and tracking. These actions are performed by the eyeball muscle system, as a consequence of visual stimuli. The F.A.C.E. (Facial Automaton for Conveying Emotions) project at our lab concerns the development of an android face endowed with dynamic expressiveness and artificial vision. Aimed at realising an artificial attention system for such an automaton, we present here a study for the development of pseudo-muscular polymer actuators for its eyeballs. The system is based on the mimicry of the muscular architecture of the human eye. In particular, linear actuators made of dielectric elastomers have been designed to replicate actions exerted by the main ocular muscles.

  11. Pseudo-template synthesis of gold nanoparticles based on polyhydrosilanes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sacarescu, Liviu, E-mail: livius@icmpp.ro [Petru Poni Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Aleea Grigore Ghica Voda 41A, Iasi 700487 (Romania); Simionescu, Mihaela; Sacarescu, Gabriela [Petru Poni Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Aleea Grigore Ghica Voda 41A, Iasi 700487 (Romania)

    2011-02-01

    Highly stable colloidal gold nanoparticles are obtained in a pseudo-template system using a specific polyhydrosilane copolymeric structure. This process takes place in situ by microwaves activation of the polymer solution in a non-polar solvent followed by stirring with solid HAuCl{sub 4} in natural light. The experimental procedure is very simple and the resulted colloidal gold solution is indefinitely stable. The specific surface plasmon resonance absorption band of the gold nanoparticles is strongly red shifted and is strictly related to their size. AFM correlated with DLS analysis showed flattened round shaped colloidal polymer-gold nanoparticles with large diameters. SEM-EDX combined analysis reveals that the polysilane-gold nanoparticles show a natural tendency to auto-assemble in close packed structures which form large areas over the polymer film surface.

  12. Neutrino Masses from a Pseudo-Dirac Bino.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coloma, Pilar; Ipek, Seyda

    2016-09-09

    We show that, in U(1)_{R}-symmetric supersymmetric models, the bino and its Dirac partner (the singlino) can play the role of right-handed neutrinos and generate the neutrino masses and mixing, without the need for traditional bilinear or trilinear R-parity violating operators. The two particles form a pseudo-Dirac pair, the "biνo." An inverse seesaw texture is generated for the neutrino-biνo sector, and the lightest neutrino is predicted to be massless. Unlike in most models with heavy right-handed neutrinos, the biνo can be sizably produced at the LHC through its interactions with colored particles, while respecting low energy constraints from neutrinoless double-beta decay and charged lepton flavor violation.

  13. Raise and collapse of pseudo Landau levels in graphene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Eduardo V.; Cazalilla, Miguel A.; Vozmediano, María A. H.

    2017-12-01

    Lattice deformations couple to the low-energy electronic excitations of graphene as vector fields similar to the electromagnetic potential. The observation of strain-induced pseudo Landau levels with scanning tunnel microscopy experiments has been one of the most exciting events in the history of graphene. Nevertheless, the experimental observation presents some ambiguities. Similar strain patterns show different images that are sometimes difficult to interpret. In this Rapid Communication, we show that, for some strain configurations, the deformation potential acts as a parallel electric field able to destabilize the Landau level structure via a mechanism identical to that occurring for real electromagnetic fields. This effect also alters the estimations of the value of the pseudomagnetic field, which can be significantly bigger. The mechanism applies equally if the electric field has an external origin, which opens the door to an electric control of giant pseudomagnetic fields in graphene.

  14. COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF INCISOR PSEUDO-ODONTOMAS IN PRAIRIE DOGS (CYNOMYS LUDOVICIANUS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelizzone, Igor; Di Ianni, Francesco; Volta, Antonella; Gnudi, Giacomo; Manfredi, Sabrina; Bertocchi, Mara; Parmigiani, Enrico

    2017-05-01

    Maxillary incisor pseudo-odontomas are common in pet prairie dogs and can cause progressive respiratory obstruction, while mandibular pseudo-odontomas are rarely clinically significant. The aim of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to describe CT features of maxillary and mandibular incisor pseudo-odontomas vs. normal incisors in a group of pet prairie dogs. All pet prairie dogs with head CT scans acquired during the period of 2013-2015 were included. A veterinary radiologist who was aware of final diagnosis reviewed CT scans and recorded qualitative features of affected and normal incisors. Mean density values for the pulp cavity and palatal and buccal dentin were also recorded. A total of 16 prairie dogs were sampled (12 normal maxillary incisors, 20 confirmed maxillary incisor pseudo-odontomas, 20 normal mandibular incisors, 12 presumed mandibular incisor pseudo-odontomas). Maxillary incisors with confirmed pseudo-odontomas had a significantly hyperattenuating pulp and dentin in the reserve crown and apical zone, when compared to normal maxillary incisors. Pseudo-odontomas appeared as enlargements of the apical zone with a globular/multilobular hyperattenuating mass formation haphazardly arranged, encroaching on midline and growing caudally and ventrally. Presumed mandibular incisor pseudo-odontomas had similar CT characteristics. In 60% of prairie dogs with maxillary incisor pseudo-odontomas, the hard palate was deformed and the mass bulged into the oral cavity causing loss of the palatine bone. The common nasal meatus was partially or totally obliterated in 81.8% of prairie dogs with maxillary pseudo-odontomas. Findings supported the use of CT for characterizing extent of involvement and surgical planning in prairie dogs with pseudo-odontomas. © 2017 American College of Veterinary Radiology.

  15. Physical Embodiment can Produce Robot Operator’s Pseudo Presence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazuaki eTanaka

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies have focused on humanoid robots for improving distant communication. When a user talks with a remote conversation partner through a humanoid robot, the user can see the remote partner’s body motions with physical embodiment but not the partner’s current appearance. The physical embodiment existing in the same room with the user is the main feature of humanoid robots, but the effects on social telepresence, i.e. the sense of resembling face-to-face interaction, had not yet been well demonstrated. To find the effects, we conducted an experiment in which subjects talked with a partner through robots and various existing communication media (e.g. voice, avatar and video chats. As a result, we found that the physical embodiment enhances social telepresence. However, in terms of the degree of social telepresence, the humanoid robot remained at the same level as the partner’s live-video, since presenting partner’s appearance also enhances social telepresence. To utilize the anonymity of a humanoid robot, we proposed the way that produces pseudo presence that is the sense of interacting with a remote partner when they are actually interacting with an autonomous robot. Through the second experiment, we discovered that the subjects tended to evaluate the degree of pseudo presence of a remote partner based on their prior experience of watching the partner’s body motions reproduced by a robot. When a subject interacted with an autonomous robot after interacting with a teleoperated robot (i.e., a remote operator that is identical with the autonomous robot, the subjects tended to feel as if they were talking with a remote operator.

  16. Chronic primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction from visceral myopathy Pseudo-osbtrucción intestinal crónica primaria debida a miopatía visceral

    OpenAIRE

    M. T. Muñoz-Yagüe; J. C. Marín; F. Colina; C. Ibarrola; López-Alonso, G.; Martín, M.A.; J. A. Solís Herruzo

    2006-01-01

    Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is an uncommon syndrome characterized by relapsing episodes suggesting intestinal obstruction during which no mechanical causes are identified to account for symptoms. Etiologic factors may be manifold. Among them a number of neurologic conditions, gastrointestinal smooth muscle myopathies, endocrino-metabolic and autoimmune diseases, and the use of selected drugs stand out. We report a case of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction originating in a sporad...

  17. Coexistence of several sillenite-like phases in pseudo-binary and pseudo-ternary systems based on Bi2O3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dapčević, Aleksandra; Poleti, Dejan; Karanović, Ljiljana; Rogan, Jelena; Dražič, Goran

    2013-11-01

    A series of polycrystalline samples containing sillenite-like (doped γ-Bi2O3) phases were prepared by high-temperature reactions from α-Bi2O3 powder and different oxides in six pseudo-binary Bi2O3-MxOy (M = Mn, Ti, V) and six pseudo-ternary Bi2O3-M1xOy-M2xOy (M1 = Pb, Zn, Ti and M2 = Zn, Ti, Si) systems. The products were characterized by XRD, SEM/EDX, HRTEM, SAED and DTA techniques. It is shown that for pseudo-binary systems, the phase composition of specimens depends on dopant content, while, for pseudo-ternary systems, depends on dopants radii, as well. In pseudo-binary systems, single-phase sillenites are obtained if the dopant content is in accordance with formula Bi12M4+O20, for M = Mn and Ti, and Bi(M0.85+)O, for M = V. However, two coexisting sillenite-like phases, doped compound and nominally undoped solid solution, are found if a half of that dopant quantity is applied. In pseudo-ternary systems, the phase-pure double-doped sillenite specimens are identified if ionic radii of dopants differ less than 40%. Otherwise, two coexisting sillenites were obtained. The possibility to prepare the undoped γ-Bi2O3 phase was also discussed.

  18. Chlorido-bis-(1,10-phenanthroline-κ(2) N,N')copper(II) chlorido-(1,10-phen-anthroline-κ(2) N,N')(pyridine-2,6-di-carboxyl-ato-κ(3) O (2),N,O (6))manganate(II) methanol monosolvate

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Buvailo, Halyna I; Rusanova, Julia A; Makhankova, Valeriya G; Kokozay, Vladimir N; Zubatyuk, Roman I

    2014-01-01

    .... Only the atoms used in the refined model are reported in chemical formula and related values. The Cu(II) ion is five-coordinated by two phenanthroline ligands and one chloride ion in a distorted trigonal-bipyramidal geometry...

  19. Acetonitrilebis(2,9-dimethylphenanthroline)copper(II) bis(tetrafluoridoborate) acetonitrile disolvate

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Watton, Stephen P

    2009-01-01

    ...(5) square-pyramidal geometry with the acetonitrile N atom in an equatorial site, which differs substanti-ally from the distorted trigonal-bipyramidal arrangement usually observed for five-coordinate complexes of Cu(II...

  20. NEW THIO S2- ADDUCTS WITH ANTIMONY (III AND V HALIDE: SYNTHESIS AND INFRARED STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HASSAN ALLOUCH

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Five new S2- adducts with SbIII and SbV halides have been synthesized and studied by infrared. Discrete structures have been suggested, the environment around the antimony being tetrahedral, trigonal bipyramidal or octahedral.

  1. (Acetonitrile){2-[bis-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl-κ(2)N)amino-κN]-N-(2,6-dimethyl-phen-yl)acetamide-κO}(perchlorato-κO)zinc (acetonitrile){2-[bis-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl-κ(2)N)amino-κN]-N-(2,6-dimethyl-phen-yl)acetamide-κO}zinc tris-(perchlorate)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Astrand, Ove Alexander Høgmoen; Görbitz, Carl Henrik; Kristoffersen, Kenneth Aase; Rongved, Pål

    2013-01-01

    .... In the first complex, the metal ion is coordinated by the N,N',N'',O-tetra-dentate acetamide ligand and an acetonitrile N atom, generating an approximate trigonal-bipyramidal coordination geometry...

  2. Pseudo-arthrosis repair of a posterior cruciate ligament avulsion fracture.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogervorst, P.; Gardeniers, J.W.M.; Moret-Wever, S.; Kampen, A. van

    2010-01-01

    A pseudo-arthrosis repair of a 4-year-old bony avulsion fracture of the PCL using a minimally invasive technique, screw fixation, and bone grafting is reported. The case presented seems to be rather unique due to the fragment size and the approach for pseudo-arthrosis repair. There was a good

  3. On pseudo-values for regression analysis in competing risks models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graw, F; Gerds, Thomas Alexander; Schumacher, M

    2009-01-01

    For regression on state and transition probabilities in multi-state models Andersen et al. (Biometrika 90:15-27, 2003) propose a technique based on jackknife pseudo-values. In this article we analyze the pseudo-values suggested for competing risks models and prove some conjectures regarding...

  4. Returns to Education in Sri Lanka: A Pseudo-Panel Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Himaz, Rozana; Aturupane, Harsha

    2016-01-01

    This study employs a pseudo-panel approach to estimate the returns to education among income earners in Sri Lanka. Pseudo-panel data are constructed from nine repeated cross sections of Sri Lanka's Labor Force Survey data from 1997 to 2008, for workers born during 1953-1974. The results show that for males, one extra year of education increases…

  5. Investigation of Pseudo-Active State in Z-Source Inverter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaltz, Erik; Oprea, Octavian; Larsen, Lasse

    2005-01-01

    This paper introduces a new operating state of the Z-source inverter denoted the pseudo-active state. The pseudoactive state is a state that may boost the output voltage of the Zsource inverter to a level higher than expected. The influence of the pseudo-active state is investigated and an equation...

  6. Algorithm for generation pseudo-random series with arbitrarily assigned distribution law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    В.С. Єременко

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available  Method for generation pseudo-random series with arbitrarily assigned distribution law has been proposed. The praxis of using proposed method for generation pseudo-random series with anti-modal and approximate to Gaussian distribution law has been investigated.

  7. Cryptographic pseudo-random sequences from the chaotic Hénon ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Pseudo-random number sequences are useful in many applications including Monte-Carlo simulation, spread spectrum ... a pseudo-random binary sequence from the two-dimensional chaotic Hénon map is explored. ... is the Hénon map, a two-dimensional discrete-time nonlinear dynamical system represented by the state ...

  8. Pseudo-turbulence intensity in mono-dispersed bubbly liquids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zenit, R.; Martinez-Mercado, J.; Palacios-Morales, C. A.

    2006-11-01

    Experiments were performed to measure the mean and fluctuating velocities of both phases in a bubbly flow in a vertical column. Using water and water-glycerin mixtures, measurements were obtained for a range of Reynolds numbers from 10 to 500, corresponding to Weber numbers smaller than 2. A carefully designed bubble generator and the addition of a small amount of salt, produced a nearly mono-dispersed bubble size. Measurements of the bubble phase velocity were obtained using a dual impedance probe and through high speed digital video processing. A measurement of the fluctuating component of the liquid velocity was obtained using of a flying hotfilm technique. It was found that, for all cases, the mean bubble velocity decreases as mean gas volume fraction increases. The flow agitation, characterized by the velocity variance, both in the liquid and the bubble phases, increases with bubble concentration. Surprisingly, the pseudo-turbulent intensities are found to increase as the Reynolds number decreases. Direct comparisons with recent theoretical and computational studies for the same range of conditions will be presented.

  9. PSEUDO-LENNOX SYNDROME: CLINICAL AND ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Yu. Mukhin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pseudo-Lennox syndrome (PLS, or atypical benign partial epilepsy of childhood, is a disease from a group of age-related epileptic encephalopathies with a phenomenon of continuous spike-wave activity during slow sleep, which manifests itself as frequent polymorphic focal motor and pseudogeneralized seizures, cognitive impairments, as well as regional and diffuse epileptiform activity on electroencephalogram (EEG by the morphology identical to that of benign epileptiform patterns of childhood. The disease was first described by J. Aicardi and J. J. Chevrie in 1982, based on a study of 7 cases. Its diagnostic complexity is the polymorphism of both epileptic seizures and EEG data, as well as low awareness of the syndrome among physicians and its absence in the international classification of epilepsies. The typical triad of seizures, which occurs in nearly 100 % of patients, encompasses focal motor paroxysms (identical to those as observed in Rolandic epilepsy, atypical absences, and atonic seizures. Seizures in PLS in its active period (generally up to 7–8 years are highly resistant to antiepileptic drugs. Only a few agents have been proven to be effective in PLS; these include valproates, succinimides, benzodiazepines, topiramate, and sulthiame. The frequency of seizures are noted to increase in patients with PLS treated with drugs, such as vigabatrin, gabapentin, lamotrigine, phenobarbital, or phenytoin. The author considers in detail the history of studies of the disease, clinical manifestations, diagnostic criteria, therapeutic approaches, and prognosis.

  10. Symmetries of the pseudo-diffusion equation and related topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daboul, J.

    2017-03-01

    We show in details how to determine and identify the algebra g = {Ai} of the infinitesimal symmetry operators of the following pseudo-diffusion equation (PSDE) LQ ≡ [ {partial /{partial t} - 1/4( {{{partial ^2}}/{partial {x^2}} - 1/{{t^2}}{{partial ^2}}/{partial {p^2}}} )} ] Q( x, p, t) = 0. This equation describes the behavior of the Q functions in the ( x, p) phase space as a function of a squeeze parameter y, where t = e 2y. We illustrate how G i(λ) ≡ exp[λ A i] can be used to obtain interesting solutions. We show that one of the symmetry generators, A 4, acts in the ( x, p) plane like the Lorentz boost in ( x, t) plane. We construct the Anti-de-Sitter algebra so(3, 2) from quadratic products of 4 of the A i, which makes it the invariance algebra of the PSDE. We also discuss the unusual contraction of so(3, 1) to so(1, 1)∌ h2. We show that the spherical Bessel functions I 0( z) and K 0( z) yield solutions of the PSDE, where z is scaling and "twist" invariant.

  11. Acid-base equilibria of multilayered pseudo-polyelectrolytes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mateo, Ayeisca E.; Priefer, Ronny

    2015-11-01

    The use of weak polyelectrolytes in multilayer polymer systems provides a means of altering the physicochemical properties of these thin films. Previously, we have examined the limits of the polyanions by incorporating the pseudo-polyelectrolytes (pPE's), poly(4-vinylphenol) (PVPh) and poly[5-(2-trifluoromethyl-1,1,1-trifluoro-2-hydroxypropyl)-2-norbornene] (PNBHFA). These pPE's, although being polyacids, should have pKa values in the basic versus acidic pH range. In order to determine the pKa(app) value of these polymers, once multilayered onto Snowtex silica particles with the weak polyelectrolyte, poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH), we employed zeta potential. PVPh demonstrated pKa(app) values ranging from 10.55 to 11.08 which varied based upon assembly pH conditions as well as layer number. PAH yielded pKa(app) values ranging between 9.81 and 10.99 when multilayered with PVPh and 9.91-11.04 when partnered with PNBHFA. However, from our study it would appear that PNBHFA does not interact with PAH electrostatically, but rather via H-bonding, and therefore should actually not be classified as a pPE.

  12. Pseudo-accommodation with intraocular lenses implanted in the bag.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altan-Yaycioglu, Rana; Gözüm, Nilüfer; Gücükoglu, Ahmet

    2002-01-01

    To evaluate the accommodation potential in eyes after intraocular lens in-the-bag implantation. Fifty-one consecutive patients were included in the study. Group 1 included 26 eyes that had phacoemulsification with continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis and in-the-bag implanted foldable IOL. Twenty-five eyes in Group 2 had capsulotomy with extracapsular cataract extraction and were implanted with polymethylmethacrylate IOL. Time elapsed from surgery was at least 6 months. There was no significant difference for age or gender between groups (P > .05). We measured accommodation amplitude and depth of the anterior chamber at distance and near fixation with an ultrasonic biometry device. The results were compared using the unpaired Student t-test. The anterior chamber depths while fixating at a distant object were not significantly different between groups (P>.05), however, at near the difference was statistically significant (P=.008). The change in depths between far and near fixation was significantly different (P=.002) and was more pronounced in the the capsulorhexis group (P < .001). The accommodation amplitudes in this group were significantly greater than in the capsulotomy group (P = .025). Patients who had uncomplicated small incision phacoemulsification surgery with continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis and in-the-bag implanted lens seemed to preserve some pseudo-accommodation after surgery.

  13. The Flavor of the Composite Pseudo-Goldstone Higgs

    CERN Document Server

    Csaki, Csaba; Weiler, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    We study the flavor structure of 5D warped models that provide a dual description of a composite pseudo-Goldstone Higgs. We first carefully re-examine the flavor constraints on the mass scale of new physics in the standard Randall-Sundrum-type scenarios, and find that the KK gluon mass should generically be heavier than about 21 TeV. We then compare the flavor structure of the composite Higgs models to those in the RS model. We find new contributions to flavor violation, which while still are suppressed by the RS-GIM mechanism, will enhance the amplitudes of flavor violations. In particular, there is a kinetic mixing term among the SM fields which (although parametrically not enhanced) will make the flavor bounds even more stringent than in RS, and imply the KK gluon mass to be at least about 33 TeV. For both the RS and the composite Higgs models the flavor bounds could be stronger or weaker depending on the assumption on the value of the gluon boundary kinetic term. These strong bounds seem to imply that the...

  14. Protocols for data hiding in pseudo-random state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craver, Scott; Li, Enping; Yu, Jun

    2009-02-01

    An emerging form of steganographic communication uses ciphertext to replace the output of a random or strong pseudo-random number generator. PRNG-driven media, for example computer animated backdrops in video-conferencing channels, can then be used as a covert channel, if the PRNG bits that generated a piece of content can be estimated by the recipient. However, all bits sent over such a channel must be computationally indistinguishable from i.i.d. coin flips. Ciphertext messages and even key exchange datagrams are easily shaped to match this distribution; however, when placing these messages into a continous stream of PRNG bits, the sender is unable to provide synchronization markers, metadata, or error correction to ensure the message's location and proper decoding. In this paper we explore methods for message transmission and steganographic key exchange in such a "coin flip" channel. We establish that key exchange is generally not possible in this channel if an adversary possesses even a modest noise budget. If the warden is not vigilant in adding noise, however, communication is very simple.

  15. Properties of а pseudo-harmonic function on closed domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ірина Аркадіївна Юрчук

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Let f be a pseudo-harmonic function defined on  $k-$connected oriented closed domain D whose boundary consists of closed Jordan curves. We remind that this class of functions coincides with continuous functions which have a finitely many critical points at the interior of D each of them is saddle point and finitely many local extrema on its boundary.In this work, it is proved that closure of any component of family which is a diference between D and such connected components of level curves of critical or semiregular values of f which contain critical and boundary critical points is a closed domain having one of three types (a ring, a strip or a sector. For the first, its boundary consists of two connected components that have no common points with D and level curve at any inner point is homeomorphic to circle. As well as the second and third,  their boundaries have one connected component and their level curves at any inner point are homeomorphic to a closed segment. There is difference between a number of arcs of boundary curves. If a domain is a strip, then its boundary contains two arcs that belong either one or two different boundary curves. If a domain is a sector, then  its boundary contains one arc of some boundary curves. By author some statements used for main theorem proof  are proved.

  16. Discrete RNA libraries from pseudo-torsional space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphris-Narayanan, Elisabeth

    2012-01-01

    The discovery that RNA molecules can fold into complex structures and carry out diverse cellular roles has led to interest in developing tools for modeling RNA tertiary structure. While significant progress has been made in establishing that the RNA backbone is rotameric, few libraries of discrete conformations specifically for use in RNA modeling have been validated. Here, we present six libraries of discrete RNA conformations based on a simplified pseudo-torsional notation of the RNA backbone, comparable to phi and psi in the protein backbone. We evaluate the ability of each library to represent single nucleotide backbone conformations and we show how individual library fragments can be assembled into dinucleotides that are consistent with established RNA backbone descriptors spanning from sugar to sugar. We then use each library to build all-atom models of 20 test folds and we show how the composition of a fragment library can limit model quality. Despite the limitations inherent in using discretized libraries, we find that several hundred discrete fragments can rebuild RNA folds up to 174 nucleotides in length with atomic-level accuracy (libraries presented here could easily be incorporated into RNA structural modeling, analysis, or refinement tools. PMID:22425640

  17. Calibration of Correlation Radiometers Using Pseudo-Random Noise Signals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Pantoja

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The calibration of correlation radiometers, and particularly aperture synthesis interferometric radiometers, is a critical issue to ensure their performance. Current calibration techniques are based on the measurement of the cross-correlation of receivers’ outputs when injecting noise from a common noise source requiring a very stable distribution network. For large interferometric radiometers this centralized noise injection approach is very complex from the point of view of mass, volume and phase/amplitude equalization. Distributed noise injection techniques have been proposed as a feasible alternative, but are unable to correct for the so-called “baseline errors” associated with the particular pair of receivers forming the baseline. In this work it is proposed the use of centralized Pseudo-Random Noise (PRN signals to calibrate correlation radiometers. PRNs are sequences of symbols with a long repetition period that have a flat spectrum over a bandwidth which is determined by the symbol rate. Since their spectrum resembles that of thermal noise, they can be used to calibrate correlation radiometers. At the same time, since these sequences are deterministic, new calibration schemes can be envisaged, such as the correlation of each receiver’s output with a baseband local replica of the PRN sequence, as well as new distribution schemes of calibration signals. This work analyzes the general requirements and performance of using PRN sequences for the calibration of microwave correlation radiometers, and particularizes the study to a potential implementation in a large aperture synthesis radiometer using an optical distribution network.

  18. Calibration of correlation radiometers using pseudo-random noise signals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez, Isaac Ramos; Bosch-Lluis, Xavi; Camps, Adriano; Alvarez, Nereida Rodriguez; Hernandez, Juan Fernando Marchán; Domènech, Enric Valencia; Vernich, Carlos; de la Rosa, Sonia; Pantoja, Sebastián

    2009-01-01

    The calibration of correlation radiometers, and particularly aperture synthesis interferometric radiometers, is a critical issue to ensure their performance. Current calibration techniques are based on the measurement of the cross-correlation of receivers' outputs when injecting noise from a common noise source requiring a very stable distribution network. For large interferometric radiometers this centralized noise injection approach is very complex from the point of view of mass, volume and phase/amplitude equalization. Distributed noise injection techniques have been proposed as a feasible alternative, but are unable to correct for the so-called "baseline errors" associated with the particular pair of receivers forming the baseline. In this work it is proposed the use of centralized Pseudo-Random Noise (PRN) signals to calibrate correlation radiometers. PRNs are sequences of symbols with a long repetition period that have a flat spectrum over a bandwidth which is determined by the symbol rate. Since their spectrum resembles that of thermal noise, they can be used to calibrate correlation radiometers. At the same time, since these sequences are deterministic, new calibration schemes can be envisaged, such as the correlation of each receiver's output with a baseband local replica of the PRN sequence, as well as new distribution schemes of calibration signals. This work analyzes the general requirements and performance of using PRN sequences for the calibration of microwave correlation radiometers, and particularizes the study to a potential implementation in a large aperture synthesis radiometer using an optical distribution network.

  19. Pseudo-spin Winding Number in Hydrogenated Graphene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennaceur, Keyan; Guillemette, Jonathan; Lévesque, Pierre L.; Mahvash, Farzaneh; Proust, Cyril; Siaj, Mohamed; Martel, Richard; Gervais, Guillaume; Szkopek, Thomas

    2014-03-01

    The quantum Hall effect (QHE) has been previously observed in highly resistive hydrogenated graphene, with an estimated hydrogen coverage up to 0.1% that is sufficient to impart strongly insulating behaviour in zero magnetic field. The opening of an impurity induced gap in graphene upon hydrogenation is anticipated to break local sub-lattice symmetry, and it may thus alter the Berry phase of Shubnikov-de Haas (SdH) oscillations and lead to a different Landau level (LL) sequence. Here we report the observation of SdH oscillations in a magnetic field up to 55 Tesla in graphene samples hydrogenated to different degree. The low temperature electron mobility ranges from ~1 cm2 / V . s to ~1000 cm2 / V . s . Analysis of SdH oscillation frequency in 1/B indicates that the LL sequence remains four-fold degenerate. We also observe the ν = 2 Hall plateau in all samples. We therefore conclude that the topological part of the Berry phase, meaning the pseudo-spin winding number that determines the LL sequence, is preserved in hydrogenated graphene.

  20. Functional symptoms in clinically definite MS--pseudo-relapse syndrome.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Merwick, A

    2012-02-03

    Although the diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis (MS) have become more formalized and sensitive in the era of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning, the assessment of individual relapses may not always be straightforward or easily linked to a particular lesion seen on imaging. In addition, acute episodes often have to be assessed outside of normal working hours or when the individual patients usual medical team is not available. Often the emergency department physicians have little formal neurological training and are under time pressure to get patients through the system as quickly as possible. It is therefore possible to mislabel functional symptoms as being true relapses. To illustrate scenarios of possible pseudo-relapse, three clinical vignettes are described. Misclassification of functional symptoms as relapse carries a number of inherent risks. Functional symptoms can be multifactorial and may cause a burden of disease. A multidisciplinary approach may be useful in minimizing unnecessary harm and identify if there is more than meets the eye to an episode of clinical deterioration.

  1. Syngeneic AAV Pseudo-particles Potentiate Gene Transduction of AAV Vectors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qizhao; Dong, Biao; Pokiniewski, Katie A; Firrman, Jenni; Wu, Zhongren; Chin, Mario P S; Chen, Xiongwen; Liu, LinShu; Xu, Ruian; Diao, Yong; Xiao, Weidong

    2017-03-17

    Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors have emerged as a safe and efficient gene therapy platform. One complication is that a significant amount of empty particles have always been generated as impurities during AAV vector production. However, the effects of such particles on AAV vector performance remain unclear. Here we systemically evaluated the biological properties of three types of "empty" AAV particles: syngeneic pseudo-vectors with partial AAV genomes derived from DNA of the corresponding full particles, allogeneic pseudo-vectors with partial genomes different from the corresponding full particles, and null pseudo-vectors with no DNA inside the capsids. The syngeneic particles in excess increased the corresponding full AAV vector transgene expression both in vivo and in vitro. However, such effects were not observed with null or allogeneic particles. The observed differences among these pseudo-AAV particles may be ascribed to the syngeneic pseudo-vector DNA facilitating the complementary DNA synthesis of the corresponding full AAV particles. Our study suggests that the DNA content in the pseudo-vectors plays a key role in dictating their effects on AAV transduction. The effects of residual "empty" particles should be adequately assessed when comparing AAV vector performance. The syngeneic AAV pseudo-vectors may be used to enhance the efficacy of gene therapy.

  2. Syngeneic AAV Pseudo-particles Potentiate Gene Transduction of AAV Vectors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qizhao Wang

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Adeno-associated virus (AAV vectors have emerged as a safe and efficient gene therapy platform. One complication is that a significant amount of empty particles have always been generated as impurities during AAV vector production. However, the effects of such particles on AAV vector performance remain unclear. Here we systemically evaluated the biological properties of three types of “empty” AAV particles: syngeneic pseudo-vectors with partial AAV genomes derived from DNA of the corresponding full particles, allogeneic pseudo-vectors with partial genomes different from the corresponding full particles, and null pseudo-vectors with no DNA inside the capsids. The syngeneic particles in excess increased the corresponding full AAV vector transgene expression both in vivo and in vitro. However, such effects were not observed with null or allogeneic particles. The observed differences among these pseudo-AAV particles may be ascribed to the syngeneic pseudo-vector DNA facilitating the complementary DNA synthesis of the corresponding full AAV particles. Our study suggests that the DNA content in the pseudo-vectors plays a key role in dictating their effects on AAV transduction. The effects of residual “empty” particles should be adequately assessed when comparing AAV vector performance. The syngeneic AAV pseudo-vectors may be used to enhance the efficacy of gene therapy.

  3. Superluminal propagation of pulsed pseudo-thermal light in atomic vapor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, In-Ho; Cho, Young-Wook; Lee, Hee Jung; Kim, Yoon-Ho; Moon, Han Seb

    2010-09-13

    We report an experimental demonstration of slow and superluminal propagation of pseudo-thermal (chaotic) light in the Λ-type system of the 5S(1/2)-5P(1/2) transition of (87)Rb atom. The slowed propagation of pulsed pseudo-thermal light was demonstrated in an electromagnetically-induced transparency medium while the superluminal propagation was demonstrated with the enhanced absorption scheme where the coupling field takes the form of a standing wave.We have also demonstrated that the photon number statistics of the pseudo-thermal light is preserved for both the subluminal and superluminal cases.

  4. Winning strategies for pseudo-telepathy games using single non-local box

    OpenAIRE

    Kunkri, Samir; Kar, Guruprasad; Ghosh, Sibasish; Roy, Anirban

    2006-01-01

    Using a single NL-box, a winning strategy is given for the impossible colouring pseudo-telepathy game for the set of vectors having Kochen-Specker property in four dimension. A sufficient condition to have a winning strategy for the impossible colouring pseudo-telepathy game for general $d$-dimension, with single use of NL-box, is then described. It is also shown that the magic square pseudo-telepathy game of any size can be won by using just two ebits of entanglement -- for quantum strategy,...

  5. Management of pseudo Class III malocclusion--synergistic approach with fixed and functional appliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Amit; Tandon, Pradeep; Singh, Gyan P

    2013-01-01

    Class III malocclusion has been divided into two subtypes: skeletal and pseudo-Class III. A pseudo Class III malocclusion should be treated as early as possible to reduce the functional shift of the mandible and increase maxillary arch length. A case of pseudo-Class III malocclusion was presented here. A 11-year-old boy came with an anterior cross bite, the treatment was done with Fixed appliance (Roth prescription) and Reverse Twin block therapy. This case demonstrated that an anterior cross bite was corrected after 10 months of treatment.

  6. Optimal Design of Passive Power Filters Based on Pseudo-parallel Genetic Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Pei; Li, Hongbo; Gao, Nannan; Niu, Lin; Guo, Liangfeng; Pei, Ying; Zhang, Yanyan; Xu, Minmin; Chen, Kerui

    2017-05-01

    The economic costs together with filter efficiency are taken as targets to optimize the parameter of passive filter. Furthermore, the method of combining pseudo-parallel genetic algorithm with adaptive genetic algorithm is adopted in this paper. In the early stages pseudo-parallel genetic algorithm is introduced to increase the population diversity, and adaptive genetic algorithm is used in the late stages to reduce the workload. At the same time, the migration rate of pseudo-parallel genetic algorithm is improved to change with population diversity adaptively. Simulation results show that the filter designed by the proposed method has better filtering effect with lower economic cost, and can be used in engineering.

  7. On the method of pseudo compressibility for numerically solving incompressible flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, J. L. C.; Kwak, D.

    1984-01-01

    Pseudo compressibility is used for numerically solving incompressible flows to achieve computational efficiency. The use of pseudo compressibility results in a system of hyperbolic-type equations of motion that introduce waves of finite speed. The interactions of the wave propagation and the vorticity spreading are analyzed. A criterion governing the dependence of the pseudo compressiblity on the Reynolds number and the characteristic length of the flow geometry is obtained that allows for a proper convergence. It is demonstrated that the solution does tend to the incompressible limit. External and internal viscous flow test problems are presented to verify the theory.

  8. Pseudo-Patella Baja after total knee arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazemi, Seyyed Morteza; Besheli, Laleh Daftari; Eajazi, Alireza; Sajadi, Mohammad Reza Miniator; Okhovatpoor, Mohammad Ali; Zanganeh, Ramin Farhang; Minaei, Reza

    2011-01-01

    Summary Background One of the complications of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) which has not yet been directly addressed is pseudo-patella baja (PPB). True patella baja (PB) is present when the length of the patellar tendon becomes shorter. PPB is present when the patella tendon is not shortened, but the level of the joint line is elevated. This study was conducted to assess PPB in TKA. Material/Methods Sixty patients who had had a primary TKA at our center between 1995 and 2005 were included. The average follow-up was 27.5 months. The Knee Society Scoring (KSS), lateral knee x-rays and the Blackburne-Peel index were used for assessments. Results Out of the 60 patients, 43 (72%) demonstrated no joint line elevation or patellar tendon shortening (group A). Fifteen patients (25%) had joint line elevation (group B), and both PB and PPB were present in 2 (3%) patients (group C). KSS was lower in groups B and C compared with group A, but this difference was not statistically significant. The average range of motion (ROM) in group A was significantly higher compared with either group B or C, and patients in groups B and C showed significantly more severe pain compared with group A (P<0.001). Conclusions PPB is not an uncommon finding after TKA and is associated with a statistically significant decrease in ROM and an increase in pain. Furthermore, KSS in the PPB group was less than in patients without PPB, although the difference was not statistically meaningful. PMID:21525812

  9. Pseudo-Polar Fourier Transform-Based Compressed Sensing MRI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yang; Liu, Feng; Li, Mingyan; Jin, Jin; Weber, Ewald; Liu, Qinghuo; Crozier, Stuart

    2017-04-01

    The use of radial k-space trajectories has drawn strong interest from researchers for their potential in developing fast imaging methods in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Compared with conventional Cartesian trajectories, radial sampling collects more data from the central k-space region and the radially sampled data are more incoherent. These properties are very suitable for compressed sensing (CS)-based fast imaging. When reconstructing under-sampled radial data with CS, regridding and inverse-regridding are needed to transfer data between the image and frequency domains. In each CS iteration, two-dimensional interpolations are implemented twice in the regridding and inverse-regridding, introducing errors and undermining reconstruction quality. To overcome these problems, a radial-like pseudo-polar (PP) trajectory is proposed for the CS MRI applications. The PP trajectory preserves all the essential features of radial trajectory and allows an image reconstruction with PP fast Fourier transform (PPFFT) instead of interpolations. This paper attempts to investigate the performance of PP trajectory-based CS-MRI. In CS-based image reconstruction, the transformation of PP-sampled k-space data into the image domain is realized through PPFFT, which is based on the standard one-dimensional FFT and the fractional Fourier transform. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed methods, both numerical and experimental data are used to compare the new methods with conventional approaches. The proposed method provided high-quality reconstruction of the MR images with over 2-dB gain in peak signal-to-noise ratio while keeping structural similarity over 0.88 in different situations. Compared with the conventional radial sampling-based CS MRI methods, the proposed method achieves a more accurate reconstruction with respect to image detail/edge preservation and artifact suppression. The successful implementation of the PP subsampling-based CS scheme provides a practical and

  10. Pseudo-nonlinear dynamic analysis of buckled pipes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gültekin Sınır, B.

    2013-02-01

    In this study, the post-divergence behavior of fluid-conveying pipes supported at both ends is investigated using the nonlinear equations of motion. The governing equation exhibits a cubic nonlinearity arising from mid-plane stretching. Exact solutions for post-buckling configurations of pipes with fixed-fixed, fixed-hinged, and hinged-hinged boundary conditions are investigated. The pipe is stable at its original static equilibrium position until the flow velocity becomes high enough to cause a supercritical pitchfork bifurcation, and the pipe loses stability by static divergence. In the supercritical fluid velocity regime, the equilibrium configuration becomes unstable and bifurcates into multiple equilibrium positions. To investigate the vibrations that occur in the vicinity of a buckled equilibrium position, the pseudo-nonlinear vibration problem around the first buckled configuration is solved precisely using a new solution procedure. By solving the resulting eigenvalue problem, the natural frequencies and the associated mode shapes of the pipe are calculated. The dynamic stability of the post-buckling configurations obtained in this manner is investigated. The first buckled shape is a stable equilibrium position for all boundary conditions. The buckled configurations beyond the first buckling mode are unstable equilibrium positions. The natural frequencies of the lowest vibration modes around each of the first two buckled configurations are presented. Effects of the system parameters on pipe behavior as well as the possibility of a subcritical pitchfork bifurcation are also investigated. The results show that many internal resonances might be activated among the vibration modes around the same or different buckled configurations.

  11. Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome secondary to metachronous ovarian metastases from transverse colon cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyo, Kennoki; Maema, Atsushi; Shirakawa, Motoaki; Nakamura, Toshio; Koda, Kenji; Yokoyama, Hidetaro

    2016-05-14

    Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome associated with colorectal cancer is extremely rare. We report here a case of pseudo-Meigs' syndrome secondary to metachronous ovarian metastases from colon cancer. A 65-year-old female with a history of surgery for transverse colon cancer and peritoneal dissemination suffered from metachronous ovarian metastases during treatment with systemic chemotherapy. At first, neither ascites nor pleural effusion was observed, but she later complained of progressive abdominal distention and dyspnea caused by rapidly increasing ascites and pleural effusion and rapidly enlarging ovarian metastases. Abdominocenteses were repeated, and cytological examinations of the fluids were all negative for malignant cells. We suspected pseudo-Meigs' syndrome, and bilateral oophorectomies were performed after thorough informed consent. The patient's postoperative condition improved rapidly after surgery. We conclude that pseudo-Meigs' syndrome should be included in the differential diagnosis of massive or rapidly increasing ascites and pleural effusion associated with large or rapidly enlarging ovarian tumors.

  12. A model for pseudo-Dirac neutrinos: leptogenesis and ultra-high energy neutrinos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, Y.H. [Center for Theoretical Physics of the Universe, Institute for Basic Science (IBS),Daejeon, 34051 (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Sin Kyu [Insitute for Convergence Fundamental Study, School of Liberal Arts, Seoul-Tech.,Seoul, 01811 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, C.S. [Dept. of Physics and IPAP, Yonsei University,Seoul, 120-749 (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-10-18

    We propose a model where sterile neutrinos are introduced to make light neutrinos to be pseudo-Dirac particles. It is shown how tiny mass splitting necessary for realizing pseudo-Dirac neutrinos can be achieved. Within the model, we show how leptogenesis can be successfully generated. Motivated by the recent observation of very high energy neutrino events at IceCube, we study a possibility to observe the effects of the pseudo-Dirac property of neutrinos by performing astronomical-scale baseline experiments to uncover the oscillation effects of very tiny mass splitting. We also discuss future prospect to observe the effects of the pseudo-Dirac property of neutrinos at high energy neutrino experiments.

  13. Acute large bowel pseudo-obstruction due to atrophic visceral myopathy: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sean M. Wrenn

    2017-01-01

    Conclusions: Atrophic visceral neuropathy is a rare cause of intestinal pseudo-obstruction. While often presenting with chronic obstruction in younger populations, we present a rare late-onset acute presentation that may have been secondary to underlying hypothyroidism.

  14. West Coast DA Event data - West Coast Toxic Pseudo-nitzschia bloom

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Beginning in the spring of 2015 the US West Coast began to experience the most wide-spread toxic Pseudo-nitzschia bloom to date, after approximately eight years...

  15. Group Constants Generation of the Pseudo Fission Products for Fast Reactor Burnup Calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil, Choong-Sup; Kim, Do Heon; Chang, Jonghwa

    2005-05-01

    The pseudo fission products for the burnup calculations of the liquid metal fast reactor were generated. The cross-section data and fission product yield data of ENDF/B-VI were used for the pseudo fission product data of U-235, U-238, Pu-239, Pu-240, Pu-241, and Pu-242. The pseudo fission product data can be used with the KAFAX-F22 or -E66, which are the MATXS-format libraries for analyses of the liquid metal fast reactor at KAERI and were distributed through the OECD/NEA. The 80-group MATXS-format libraries of the 172 fission products were generated and the burnup chains for generation of the pseudo fission products were prepared.

  16. Phenomenology and Cosmology of an Electroweak Pseudo-Dilaton and Electroweak Baryons

    CERN Document Server

    Campbell, Bruce A; Olive, Keith A

    2012-01-01

    In many strongly-interacting models of electroweak symmetry breaking the lowest-lying observable particle is a pseudo-Goldstone boson of approximate scale symmetry, the pseudo-dilaton. Its interactions with Standard Model particles can be described using a low-energy effective nonlinear chiral Lagrangian supplemented by terms that restore approximate scale symmetry, yielding couplings of the pseudo-dilaton that differ from those of a Standard Model Higgs boson by fixed factors. We review the experimental constraints on such a pseudo-dilaton in light of new data from the LHC and elsewhere. The effective nonlinear chiral Lagrangian has Skyrmion solutions that may be identified with the `electroweak baryons' of the underlying strongly-interacting theory, whose nature may be revealed by the properties of the Skyrmions. We discuss the finite-temperature electroweak phase transition in the low-energy effective theory, finding that the possibility of a first-order electroweak phase transition is resurrected. We disc...

  17. Almost Automorphic and Pseudo-Almost Automorphic Solutions to Semilinear Evolution Equations with Nondense Domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno de Andrade

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We study the existence and uniqueness of almost automorphic (resp., pseudo-almost automorphic solutions to a first-order differential equation with linear part dominated by a Hille-Yosida type operator with nondense domain.

  18. Some Properties of Mannheim Curves in Galilean and Pseudo - Galilean space

    OpenAIRE

    Öğrenmiş, Alper Osman; Öztekin, Handan; ERGÜT, Mahmut

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work is to study the Mannheim curves in 3-dimensional Galilean and Pseudo - Galilean space. We obtain the characterizations between the curvatures and torsions of the Mannheim partner curves.

  19. Backlund transformations of curves in the Galilean and pseudo-Galilean spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Cengiz, Süleyman; Gürbüz, Nevin

    2011-01-01

    Backlund transformations of admissible curves in the Galilean 3-space and pseudo-Galilean 3-space and also spatial Backlund transformations of space curves in Galilean 4-space preserve the torsions under certain assumptions.

  20. Parallel Pseudo Arc-Length Moving Mesh Schemes for Multidimensional Detonation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jianguo Ning; Xinpeng Yuan; Tianbao Ma; Jian Li

    2017-01-01

    We have discussed the multidimensional parallel computation for pseudo arc-length moving mesh schemes, and the schemes can be used to capture the strong discontinuity for multidimensional detonations...

  1. Intelligent Design, A Young Universe, Astrology, UFO's, and More: Tackling Astronomical Pseudo-science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraknoi, A.

    2008-11-01

    During IYA educators and scientists will interact with the public in many ways. There will likely be public questions at IYA events about pseudo-scientific topics. While the particular pseudo-sciences that are in vogue change with time, these days popular astronomical pseudo-science includes creationism and intelligent design (and their denial of the age of the universe), astrology, UFO's as extra-terrestrial spaceships, selling star names, the ``face'' on Mars, the claim that the moon landings were a hoax, etc. We discuss some of the recent surveys of belief in pseudo-science and some ways to respond to questions about these topics. A separate resource guide to help answer questions about astronomical pseudoscience is also included in this volume.

  2. The technique of «Subliminal verbal suggestion for the treatment of [pseudo]obsessions»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Danilevska

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available [Pseudo]obsessions therapy in patients with endogenous diseases of schizophrenic round accompanied with difficulties, caused by both psycho etio pathogenetic features of the disease. Disadvantages of the existing methods of therapy are associated with therapeutic conflict between two nosologies. Aim: to develop and test etiopsychopathogenetic technique "Subliminal verbal suggestion for the treatment of [pseudo]obsessions" as a subsidiary method of treatment of schizophrenia patients with [pseudo] obsessions in the structure of the disease. Methods and results. 137 patients who underwent hospital treatment 65 schizophrenia patients (F20 with the [pseudo]obsessive symptoms in the structure of the disease were examined on the basis of Public Health Institution «Regional clinical mental hospital» of the Zaporizhzhian regional council. 30 patients received standard pharmacotherapy (antipsychotic drugs according to clinical protocols that was combined with proposed technique "Subliminal verbal suggestion for the treatment of [pseudo]obsessions". The comparison group consisted of 35 patients treated with the use of standard pharmacotherapy: antipsychotic drugs. The next methods were used: medical history assessment, follow-up, clinical-psychopathological, psychodiagnostic. "Subliminal verbal suggestion for the treatment of [pseudo]obsessions" technique was developed. This technique is a combination of suggestion in the waking state and neurolinguistic programming, implemented with specially compiled auditory complex listening. The main therapeutic component s realized through the subthreshold perception of the verbal formulas that are unavailable to awareness. The technique consists of two components – primary and secondary, and three stages. The methodology was tested, its therapeutic efficacy was confirmed. Conclusion. "Subliminal verbal suggestion for the treatment of [pseudo]obsessions" technique was developed as a subsidiary method of the

  3. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction in an infant after retroperitoneal pyeloplasty successfully treated with rectal irrigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayman Al-Jazaeri

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is frequently observed in adults but is rarely seen in children. The illness has never been reported in infants, who might differ in their reaction to the acute bowel distension and their response to the available management options. This report describes the presentation of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction in an infant after retroperitoneal pyeloplasty and its successful treatment with rectal irrigation.

  4. Large conjugacy classes, projective Fraisse limits, and the pseudo-arc

    OpenAIRE

    Kwiatkowska, Aleksandra

    2012-01-01

    We show that the automorphism group, Aut(L), of a projective Fraisse limit L, whose natural quotient is the pseudo-arc, has a comeager conjugacy class. This generalizes an unpublished result of Oppenheim that Aut(L) (and consequently, the group of all homeomorphisms of the pseudo-arc) has a dense conjugacy class. We also present a simple proof of the result of Oppenheim.

  5. Parallel Pseudo Arc-Length Moving Mesh Schemes for Multidimensional Detonation

    OpenAIRE

    Jianguo Ning; Xinpeng Yuan; Tianbao Ma; Jian Li

    2017-01-01

    We have discussed the multidimensional parallel computation for pseudo arc-length moving mesh schemes, and the schemes can be used to capture the strong discontinuity for multidimensional detonations. Different from the traditional Euler numerical schemes, the problems of parallel schemes for pseudo arc-length moving mesh schemes include diagonal processor communications and mesh point communications, which are illustrated by the schematic diagram and key pseudocodes. Finally, the numerical e...

  6. Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Did you search for lysosomal storage diseases?

    OpenAIRE

    Politei, J.; Durand, C; Schenone, A.B.; Torres, A.; Mukdsi, J.; Thurberg, B.L.

    2017-01-01

    Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction results in clinical manifestations that resemble intestinal obstruction but in the absence of any physical obstructive process. Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease characterized by the dysfunction of multiple systems, including significant gastrointestinal involvement. We report the occurrence of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in two unrelated patients with Fabry disease and the possible explanation of a direct relation of these ...

  7. Cytological Studies on Narcissus  -Ⅱ.Karyotype of Narcissus pseudo-narcissus-

    OpenAIRE

    HIRAHARA,Sachiye

    1984-01-01

    Karyotype analysis was made on Narcissus pseudo-narcissus. It was found that the chromosome number is 2n=14 and composed of 12 large and 2 small chromosomes. The 12 large chromosomes could be grouped into five homogeneous pairs and one heterogeneous pair,and the 2 small chromosomes were observed to be heterogeneous. Therefore,four heterogeneous chromosomes were found in N. pseudo-narcissus.

  8. The BDS Triple Frequency Pseudo-range Correlated Stochastic Model of Single Station Modeling Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HUANG Lingyong

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to provide a reliable pseudo-range stochastic model, a method is studied to estimate the BDS triple-frequency pseudo-range related stochastic model based on three BDS triple-frequency pseudo-range minus carrier (GIF combinations using the data of a single station. In this algorithm, the low order polynomial fitting method is used to fit the GIF combination in order to eliminate the error and other constants except non pseudo noise at first. And then, multiple linear regression analysis method is used to model the stochastic function of three linearly independent GIF combinations. Finally the related stochastic model of the original BDS triple-frequency pseudo-range observations is obtained by linear transformation. The BDS triple-frequency data verification results show that this algorithm can get a single station related stochastic model of BDS triple-frequency pseudo-range observation, and it is advantageous to provide accurate stochastic model for navigation and positioning and integrity monitoring.

  9. Research of smoothing pseudo-range algorithm by Doppler based on GPS/BD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Chuanli; Zhou, Yanliu

    2015-12-01

    GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) technology not only in the general field of surveying and mapping, geology, mining, water and electricity, and in particular in the field of public security, fire protection, tourism, search and rescue, adventure have been more widely used. These special areas require real-time and high positioning accuracy. Currently, GNSS precision positioning technology has become a hot research direction. This paper introduced an algorithm of smoothing pseudo range by Doppler based GPS/BD to improve GNSS positioning precision. This algorithm decoded the pseudo range data and ephemeris data, and then designed algorithm of smoothing pseudo range by Doppler according principle of Doppler smoothing pseudo range. This algorithm was realized by C++ and proved its efficiency. At last, this algorithm has proved its correctness through calculating and analyzing practical Doppler and pseudo range data, and then a conclusion has been obtained: the Doppler value precision is sub-meter, far better than the pseudo-range accuracy, so that if the two data are combined to calculate position that can help to improve the positioning accuracy.

  10. Superselective pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen-Kondering, Ulf [Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel (Germany); Lindner, Thomas, E-mail: thomas.lindner@uksh.de [Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel (Germany); Osch, Matthias J.P. van [C. J. Gorter Center for High Field MRI, Department of Radiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden (Netherlands); Rohr, Axel; Jansen, Olav [Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel (Germany); Helle, Michael [Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel (Germany); Now with Philips GmbH Innovative Technologies, Research Laboratories, Hamburg (Germany)

    2015-09-15

    Highlights: • Superselective arterial spin labeling was capable of acquiring angiograms of individually selected arteries. • Image quality was similar compared with a routinely used time-of-flight angiography. • Superselective arterial spin labeling was utilized in patients with arterio-venous malformations and made it possible to visualize individual feeding vessels in a complete non-invasive way - Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate the utility of a novel non-contrast enhanced, vessel-selective magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) approach based on superselective pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (ASL) for the morphologic assessment of intracranial arteries when compared to a clinically used time-of-flight (TOF) MRA. Materials and methods: Three sets of selective ASL angiographies (right and left internal carotid artery, basilar artery) as well as one TOF data set were obtained from each of the five volunteers included in this study on a clinical 1.5T system. The depiction of arterial segments as well as their delineation was evaluated and independently analyzed by two radiologists. Additionally, the ASL angiography approach was performed in two patients suffering from arterio-venous malformations (AVM) in order to illustrate potential applications in a clinical setting. Results: In both angiography techniques, intracranial arteries and their segments (distal branches up to A5 segments of the anterior cerebral arteries, M8 segments of the middle cerebral arteries, and P5 segments of the posterior cerebral arteries) were continuously depicted with excellent inter-reader agreement (κ > 0.81). In AVM patients, reconstructed images of the TOF angiography presented similar information about the size and shape of the AVM as did superselective ASL angiography. In addition, the acquired ASL angiograms of selected vessels allowed assessing the blood supply of individually labeled arteries to the AVM which could also be confirmed by digital subtraction angiography

  11. Unsustaineble pseudo-urban consequences of legal and urban terminology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćerimović Velimir Lj.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available City planning is a complex task and through this work we face the space and natural resources that expose the exploitation (that are to be exploited and prone to unsustainable change. Often without environmental responsibility and the imperative of creating certain measures we make superstructure no matter how much the environment may be disrupted, and whether such relationships create a better society, better network of urban settlements and a better man. At that may also affect our knowledge which is often due to a variety of doctrines and legislative regulations that are applied in the planning and management space. From this it can be seen that modern architecture did not contribute to the creation of better cities. Also, urban planning is mainly restricted to the regulation and it neglected the creative action, regional-planning is lost in theoretical research, while the consideration of the whole problem is abandoned. In addition to this, in today’s transitional terms and the domineering (dominant urban crisis unsustainable combination and identification of the “2D” and the “3D” terminology is recognizable, which is only indicators that in the field of urban planning some transitional trends are prevailing. This unsustainable state of affairs in the transitional planning of urban areas can be applied in the most suitable way to pseudo-urbanization, sub-urbanization, unbalanced eco-reciprocity, non-standard construction of the urban tissue, discontinuity inherited and newly constructed urban substance. In this regard, consequently expressed negative environmental legacy of reproduction and the increased effect of the negative consequences of greenhouse gases from the threatening climate change, only shows that urban planners are not sinless and, they more or less (unconsciously complicit and participate in the contamination of urban and environment. In the end, it definitely guides us to the need to leave or transformation of the

  12. Pseudo-aneurisma post-traumático de tronco de arteria coronaria izquierda Post-traumatic false (pseudo aneurysm of the left main coronary artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melina M. Gallo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available El pseudo-aneurisma de arteria coronaria es extremadamente raro. Su historia natural es poco conocida y su tratamiento discutido. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con pseudo-aneurisma de tronco de la coronaria izquierda e infarto antero-apical del ventrículo izquierdo cinco años después de un paro cardíaco secundario a un traumatismo no penetrante de tórax. Se consideró entonces que la lesión no era pasible de corrección percutánea o quirúrgica por lo que se optó por tratamiento médico conservador. Una angiografía coronaria por tomografía computarizada multicorte realizada 10 años después del evento inicial mostró ausencia de progresión de la lesión.Coronary pseudo-aneurysm is an extremely rare entity. Its natural history is scarcely known and its treatment is controversial. We report a case of pseudo-aneurysm of the left main coronary artery associated with an antero-apical infarct of the left ventricle diagnosed five years after a cardiac arrest following a non-penetrating thoracic trauma. The patient was treated conservatively because percutaneous or surgical correction were not considered suitable for this lesion. A multidetector computed tomography coronary angiogram performed 10 years after the initial event showed no evidence of progression.

  13. The lanthanum(III molybdate(VI La4Mo7O27

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Becker

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Crystals of the orthorhombic phase La4Mo7O27 (lanthanum molybdenum oxide were obtained from a non-stoichiometric melt in the pseudo-ternary system La2O3–MoO3–B2O3. In the crystal structure, distorted square-antiprismatic [LaO8] and monocapped square-antiprismatic [LaO9] polyhedra are connected via common edges and faces into chains along [010]. These chains are arranged in layers that alternate with layers of [MoO4] and [MoO5] polyhedra parallel to (001. In the molybdate layers, a distorted [MoO5] trigonal bipyramid is axially connected to two [MoO4] tetrahedra, forming a [Mo3O11] unit.

  14. Basic Characteristics and Spatial Patterns of Pseudo-Settlements—Taking Dalian as An Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiaji Gao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A person’s living behavior patterns are closely related to three types of settlements: real-life settlements, imagined settlements, and pseudo-settlements. The term “pseudo-settlement” (PS refers to the places that are selectively recorded and represented after the mass media chose and restructure the residence information. As the mass media rapidly develops and people’s way of obtaining information gradually change, PS has already become one of the main ways for people to recognize and understand real-life settlements, as well as describe their impressions of imagined settlements. PS also has a profound impact on tourism, employment, investment, migration, real estate development, etc. Thus, the study of PSs has important theoretical and practical significance. This paper proposes to put forward residential quarters where the mass media is displayed as the object of study and establishes the pseudo-settlement index system of Dalian in and elaborate analysis of the concept of PSs. From three aspects, including pseudo-buildings, pseudo-districts and pseudo-culture, this paper uses the ArcGIS 10.0 kernel density (spacial analyst to analyze and interpret the basic characteristics and spatial patterns of 14 elements of the PS in Dalian. Through systemic clustering analysis, it identifies eight major types of PSs in Dalian. Then it systematically elaborates current situations and characteristics of the spatial pattern of PSs in Dalian, namely: regionally concentrated, widely scattered and blank spaces without pseudo-settlements. Finally, this paper discusses the mechanism of formation of PSs in Dalian.

  15. Pseudo-Scientific Information: Reasons of Spread and Premises of Vitality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdas Pruskus

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The phenomenon of pseudo-scientific information, the reasons of its spread and premises of its vitality are discussed in the paper. Pseudo-scientific information is understandable as an attempt to suit a demand, which exists in society, while providing a simple answer to a question, which an individual or society is concerned about, and that answer is not sustained by scientific research. It is showed that the rise and spread of pseudo-scientific information in society are conditioned by objective reasons. Firstly, the lack of information concerning a subject which is significant for society. Secondly, the lack of information for a particular individual (social group concerning a substantial subject. Thirdly, fast spread of scientific and technical inventions and penetration of technological innovations into various spheres of life the understanding of which demands an appropriate informal “processing”, i e it demands provision in an appropriate form, which is partly provided by pseudo-scientific knowledge.The existence of pseudo-scientific information is determined by the fact that it performs important social functions in society. The existence of pseudo-scientific information by official certified scientific information and the fact, that all social groups are affected to a larger or lesser extent, show its ambivalent power and vitality. On the one part, the roots of its vitality lie in the duality of this phenomenon, where opposite things coexist in a strange way – the truth (scientifically verified propositions and speculations which are based on intuition rather than on scientifically verified facts. On the other part, it is maintained by our permanent wish to get an additional and fresher information, though not totally reliable, while seeking to know universally and better the world around us and its phenomena. While meeting this requirement, a pseudo-scientific information stimulates researchers both to enhance their attempts to

  16. Bloom dynamics of the genus Pseudo-nitzschia (Bacillariophyceae in two coastal bays (NW Mediterranean Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Quijano-Scheggia

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The spatial and temporal variations in the composition of Pseudo-nitzschia during bloom events from August 2005 to February 2006 were characterised in two bays of the NW Mediterranean Sea (Alfacs and Fangar Bay by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM. The study provides detailed records of the Pseudo-nitzschia community at the species level and describes its relationship with both the surrounding environmental conditions and biotic factors such as the accompanying phytoplankton community. The size distributions of several species of Pseudo-nitzschia were monitored during the bloom events. These measurements may serve as indicators of the physiological status of the cells. The species observed in the two bays were Pseudo-nitzschia calliantha, P. delicatissima, P. fraudulenta, P. multistriata, and P. pungens. In Alfacs Bay, a mixed species bloom of P. calliantha and P. delicatissima began in late August 2005 and lasted 11 weeks. In Fangar Bay, the Pseudo-nitzschia bloom was limited to the period from early August to late September 2005 and comprised P. calliantha and P. delicatissima. Commonly, the proliferation of Pseudo-nitzschia was mono-specific or was accompanied by other diatoms. Two objectively defined groups were identified by the statistical analysis in Alfacs bay; the first was made up only of winter samples and the second of summer and autumn samples. The first group was defined by a high concentration of NO3¯ and low concentrations of NH4+, conditions associated with a high abundance of P. delicatissima and a low abundance of P. calliantha. The second group expressed the opposite characteristics. A succession of different blooming species of Pseudo-nitzschia lasting months in Alfacs Bay is described.

  17. "Fooling fido"--chemical and behavioral studies of pseudo-explosive canine training aids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kranz, William D; Strange, Nicholas A; Goodpaster, John V

    2014-12-01

    Genuine explosive materials are traditionally employed in the training and testing of explosive-detecting canines so that they will respond reliably to these substances. However, challenges arising from the acquisition, storage, handling, and transportation of explosives have given rise to the development of "pseudo-explosive" training aids. These products attempt to emulate the odor of real explosives while remaining inert. Therefore, a canine trained on a pseudo-explosive should respond to its real-life analog. Similarly, a canine trained on an actual explosive should respond to the pseudo-explosive as if it was real. This research tested those assumptions with a focus on three explosives: single-base smokeless powder, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), and a RDX-based plastic explosive (Composition C-4). Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with solid phase microextraction as a pre-concentration technique, we determined that the volatile compounds given off by pseudo-explosive products consisted of various solvents, known additives from explosive formulations, and common impurities present in authentic explosives. For example, simulated smokeless powders emitted terpenes, 2,4-dinitrotoluene, diphenylamine, and ethyl centralite. Simulated TNT products emitted 2,4- and 2,6-dinitrotoluene. Simulated C-4 products emitted cyclohexanone, 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, and dimethyldinitrobutane. We also conducted tests to determine whether canines trained on pseudo-explosives are capable of alerting to genuine explosives and vice versa. The results show that canines trained on pseudo-explosives performed poorly at detecting all but the pseudo-explosives they are trained on. Similarly, canines trained on actual explosives performed poorly at detecting all but the actual explosives on which they were trained.

  18. [Pseudo-dementia conversion and post-traumatic stress disorder].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montefiore, D; Mallet, L; Lévy, R; Allilaire, J-F; Pélissolo, A

    2007-01-01

    increased startle reactions. Hospitalisation became necessary because of a severe depressive disorder with suicidal ideation and suicidal attempt by hanging. After two failed treatments with SSRI antidepressants, the administration of clomipramine (200 mg/d) and a combined therapy with Eyes Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) led to a significant improvement of PTSD and depression symptoms. Even if PTSD and conversion may share common dissociative mechanisms, the links between both syndromes have not yet been sufficiently explored. Our clinical case raises specifically the question of the initial manifestations of pseudo-dementia (why this type of symptoms, and why at this particular moment of his life, without any targeting events). Moreover, the case of this patient is particularly interesting because of the very long amnesia period between the traumatic event and the onset of PTSD. The different phases of this case warrant more precise exploration of the links between PTSD and conversion, with clinical, epidemiological and cerebral imagery perspectives.

  19. Events per variable for risk differences and relative risks using pseudo-observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Stefan Nygaard; Andersen, Per Kragh; Parner, Erik Thorlund

    2014-01-01

    A method based on pseudo-observations has been proposed for direct regression modeling of functionals of interest with right-censored data, including the survival function, the restricted mean and the cumulative incidence function in competing risks. The models, once the pseudo-observations have ...... differences and relative risks for right-censored data. We investigate how coverage probabilities and relative bias of the pseudo-observation estimator interact with sample size, number of variables and average number of events per variable.......A method based on pseudo-observations has been proposed for direct regression modeling of functionals of interest with right-censored data, including the survival function, the restricted mean and the cumulative incidence function in competing risks. The models, once the pseudo-observations have...... been computed, can be fitted using standard generalized estimating equation software. Regression models can however yield problematic results if the number of covariates is large in relation to the number of events observed. Guidelines of events per variable are often used in practice. These rules...

  20. Comparison of static MRI and pseudo-dynamic MRI in temporomandibular joint disorder patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jin Ho; Yun, Kyoung In [Eulji Univ. School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, In Woo; Choi, Hang Moon; Park, Moon Soo [Kangnung National Univ. College of Dentistry, Kangnung (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to elevate comparison of static MRI and pseudo-dynamic (cine) MRI in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder patients. In this investigation, 33 patients with TMJ disorders were examined using both conventional static MRI and pseudo-dynamic MRI. Multiple spoiled gradient recalled acquisition in the steady state (SPGR) images were obtained when mouth opened and closed. Proton density weighted images were obtained at the closed and open mouth position in static MRI. Two oral and maxillofacial radiologists evaluated location of the articular disk, movement of condyle and bony change respectively and the posterior boundary of articular disk was obtained. No statistically significant difference was found in the observation of articular disk position, mandibular condylar movement and posterior boundary of articular disk using static MRI and pseudo-dynamic MRI (P>0.05). Statistically significant difference was noted in bony changes of condyle using static MRI and pseudo-dynamic MRI (P<0.05). This study showed that pseudo-dynamic MRI didn't make a difference in diagnosing internal derangement of TMJ in comparison with static MRI. But it was considered as an additional method to be supplemented in observing bony change.

  1. Hyperpigmented Torpedo Maculopathy with Pseudo-Lacuna: A 5-Year Follow-Up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohl, Austin; Vance, Sushma

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the study was to describe a case of globally hyperpigmented torpedo maculopathy that also contained a novel central lesion resembling a 'pseudo-lacuna'. We compare the morphology of the lesion after 5 years of follow-up. An asymptomatic 10-year-old Caucasian male was referred by his optometrist after having found a hyperpigmented lesion on routine dilated examination in 2010. Color fundus photography OS from October 2015 showed a 1.74 × 0.67 mm hyperpigmented oval-shaped lesion temporal to the macula. Since June 2010, the hyperpigmented torpedo lesion appeared to have assumed a more ovoid shape and increased in size in the vertical axis. Centrally, there was a small pearlescent-colored pseudo-lacuna lesion that seemed to also have significantly increased in size since June 2010. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography of this pseudo-lacuna showed retinal pigment epithelium clumping and migration. Fundus autofluorescence revealed reduced autofluorescence of the torpedo lesion and marked hyperautofluorescence of the pseudo-lacuna. Fluorescein angiography shows no neovascular disease or leakage. Torpedo maculopathy has been described previously as a hypopigmented, nonprogressive lesion of unknown etiology. The findings of global hyperpigmentation, pseudo-lacuna formation, and morphologic changes over time in this lesion challenge these classically held descriptions, and necessitate long-term follow-up with multimodal imaging.

  2. Enhancement patterns and pseudo-washout of hepatic haemangiomas on gadoxetate disodium-enhanced liver MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Bohyun [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Ajou University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Suwon (Korea, Republic of); Byun, Jae Ho; Kim, Hyoung Jung; Won, Hyung Jin; Kim, So Yeon; Shin, Yong Moon; Kim, Pyo Nyun [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-01-15

    To compare the enhancement patterns and prevalence of pseudo-washout between rapidly and slowly enhancing hepatic haemangiomas on gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MRI in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) and healthy liver (HL). On gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MRI, the extent of intralesional arterial enhancement >50 % and ≤50 % of lesions was defined as rapid and slow enhancement, respectively. The enhancement patterns and presence of pseudo-washout during the portal venous phase (PVP) and transitional phase (TP) of 74 hepatic haemangiomas were retrospectively evaluated in the CLD and HL groups. Sequential changes of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were measured in unenhanced phase, PVP and TP. Irrespective of hepatic health status, pseudo-washout in TP was significantly more common in the rapidly enhancing haemangiomas (p ≤ 0.026). In both groups, rapidly enhancing haemangiomas showed complete or progressive incomplete enhancement in PVP, which either lasted or transformed to pseudo-washout in TP, whereas slowly enhancing haemangiomas showed progressive incomplete enhancement in PVP and TP. SNR of hepatic parenchyma continued to rise until TP, whereas that of portal vein and haemangioma falls in TP. Regardless of CLD, pseudo-washout in TP was more common in rapidly than in slowly enhancing haemangiomas, with enhancement patterns differing in the two subgroups. (orig.)

  3. Synthesis and crystal structure of Mg{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 2}: An ion-exchange reaction with Mg{sup 2+} between trigonal [NbO{sub 2}]{sup -} layers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miura, Akira, E-mail: amiura@yamanashi.ac.jp [Center for Crystal Science and Technology, University of Yamanashi (Japan); Takei, Takahiro; Kumada, Nobuhiro [Center for Crystal Science and Technology, University of Yamanashi (Japan)

    2013-01-15

    A new layered niobate, Mg{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 2}, was synthesized from LiNbO{sub 2} through a cation-exchange reaction with Mg{sup 2+} at 450-550 Degree-Sign C. This is the first example of a topotactic reaction with an aliovalent cation between trigonal [NbO{sub 2}]{sup -} layers. It is proposed to be isostructural with LiNbO{sub 2} (space group; P6{sub 3}/mmc) with lattice parameters of a=2.9052(6) A, c=10.625(15) A. The lattice parameters and formation energy of Mg{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 2} crystallized in LiNbO{sub 2} form and other layered CaNb{sub 2}O{sub 4} one were calculated by density functional theory. - Graphical abstract: A new layered niobate, Mg{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 2}, was synthesized from LiNbO{sub 2} through a cation-exchange reaction with Mg{sup 2+} at 450-550 Degree-Sign C. It is isostructural with LiNbO{sub 2} with lattice parameters of a=2.9052(6) A, c=10.625(15) A. Mg{sup 2+} are described in spheres located between [NbO{sub 2}]{sup -} trigonal layers and its occupancy is 0.5. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new layered niobate, Mg{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 2}, was synthesized from LiNbO{sub 2}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cation-exchange reaction converted two monovalent Li{sup +} into one divalent Mg{sup 2+} at 450-550 Degree-Sign C. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mg{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 2} was isostructural with LiNbO{sub 2} (space group; P6{sub 3}/mmc). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Its lattice parameters were a=2.9052(6) A and c=10.625(15) A. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Synthesized Mg{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 2} was calculated to be thermodynamically more favorable.

  4. Detection of thin beds with the pseudo-acoustic impedance section

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Szulyovszky, I.

    1987-03-01

    The conventional seismic response of a thin bed approximates the time derivative of the incident wavelet, whereas the pseudo-impedance response approximates the incident wavelet. Consequently the pseudo-impedance response of a geological sequence composed of thin beds is simpler and easier to interpret than the conventional response. By calibrating the sonic log data with check-shot data and performing zero-phase seismic processing, the fit of the sonic log and pseudo-velocity section is improved. Discrepancies in amplitude and phase, however, generally remain. A five-step processing and interpretation procedure, which benefits from multichannel interpretation along the model seismic section generated from the sonic logs, is described. The method has been tested with field data. In the test the detection of thin beds and the estimation of the natural gas content was more reliable with the proposed procedure than with the conventional method.

  5. Synchronizing microelectrode and electronic goniometer data using a pseudo-random binary signal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Tyler Robert; Jacobs, Rennie Underwood; Yang, Alexander Cheung; Richter, Erich Oscar

    2013-04-01

    Intra-operative investigation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) requires concurrent measurement of microelectrode voltage, electrode depth and joint movement during deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. Commercial solutions to this problem exist but are more expensive. Multiple instruments from different manufacturers can collect the same data, but data from incompatible instruments are collected on disparate clocks, precluding quantitative analysis. A pseudo-random binary signal recorded simultaneously by each set of instruments allows for chronological reconciliation. A custom program collects microelectrode data while simultaneously sending a pseudo-random binary signal to instruments measuring joint movement. The record of this signal is later used to express microelectrode voltage and joint position in a single chronological frame of reference. ClockSynch was used in 15 DBS procedures. After each surgery, records of microelectrode and joint movement were successfully chronologically reconciled. In conclusion, a pseudo-random binary signal integrates disparate systems of instrumentation at a significantly decreased cost.

  6. Non-periodic pseudo-random numbers used in Monte Carlo calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barberis, Gaston E.

    2007-09-01

    The generation of pseudo-random numbers is one of the interesting problems in Monte Carlo simulations, mostly because the common computer generators produce periodic numbers. We used simple pseudo-random numbers generated with the simplest chaotic system, the logistic map, with excellent results. The numbers generated in this way are non-periodic, which we demonstrated for 1013 numbers, and they are obtained in a deterministic way, which allows to repeat systematically any calculation. The Monte Carlo calculations are the ideal field to apply these numbers, and we did it for simple and more elaborated cases. Chemistry and Information Technology use this kind of simulations, and the application of this numbers to quantum Monte Carlo and cryptography is immediate. I present here the techniques to calculate, analyze and use these pseudo-random numbers, show that they lack periodicity up to 1013 numbers and that they are not correlated.

  7. Quasi-phases and pseudo-transitions in one-dimensional models with nearest neighbor interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, S. M.; Rojas, Onofre

    2018-01-01

    There are some particular one-dimensional models, such as the Ising-Heisenberg spin models with a variety of chain structures, which exhibit unexpected behaviors quite similar to the first and second order phase transition, which could be confused naively with an authentic phase transition. Through the analysis of the first derivative of free energy, such as entropy, magnetization, and internal energy, a "sudden" jump that closely resembles a first-order phase transition at finite temperature occurs. However, by analyzing the second derivative of free energy, such as specific heat and magnetic susceptibility at finite temperature, it behaves quite similarly to a second-order phase transition exhibiting an astonishingly sharp and fine peak. The correlation length also confirms the evidence of this pseudo-transition temperature, where a sharp peak occurs at the pseudo-critical temperature. We also present the necessary conditions for the emergence of these quasi-phases and pseudo-transitions.

  8. The scheme of automatic pseudo Doppler software defined radio direction finder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlyuk V.V.

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The research describes the implementation approaches of a pseudo Doppler radio direction finding method based on software defined radio technology. A block diagram of an automatic pseudo Doppler software defined radio direction finder is proposed. A hardware functional diagram of specialized software architecture is offered. New schematic solution for antenna commutator and beating software synchronization is realized. For smoothing the bearing measurement of an aperiodic cyclic field based filtering procedure is proposed. By mathematical and experimental modeling a key features of a pseudo Doppler software defined radio direction finder are proved in comparison with the classical implementation: short signals bearing ability, statistical smoothing algorithms implementation convenience, simultaneous multiple frequency channels direction finding possibility, processing information simplification, flexibility and reconfigurability of radio direction finding systems. A prototype that implements the proposed approaches, circuitry design, software and algorithmic solutions is developed.

  9. Parallel Pseudo Arc-Length Moving Mesh Schemes for Multidimensional Detonation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianguo Ning

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We have discussed the multidimensional parallel computation for pseudo arc-length moving mesh schemes, and the schemes can be used to capture the strong discontinuity for multidimensional detonations. Different from the traditional Euler numerical schemes, the problems of parallel schemes for pseudo arc-length moving mesh schemes include diagonal processor communications and mesh point communications, which are illustrated by the schematic diagram and key pseudocodes. Finally, the numerical examples are given to show that the pseudo arc-length moving mesh schemes are second-order convergent and can successfully capture the strong numerical strong discontinuity of the detonation wave. In addition, our parallel methods are proved effectively and the computational time is obviously decreased.

  10. Binary Classification with a Pseudo Exponential Model and Its Application for Multi-Task Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takashi Takenouchi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we investigate the basic properties of binary classification with a pseudo model based on the Itakura–Saito distance and reveal that the Itakura–Saito distance is a unique appropriate measure for estimation with the pseudo model in the framework of general Bregman divergence. Furthermore, we propose a novelmulti-task learning algorithm based on the pseudo model in the framework of the ensemble learning method. We focus on a specific setting of the multi-task learning for binary classification problems. The set of features is assumed to be common among all tasks, which are our targets of performance improvement. We consider a situation where the shared structures among the dataset are represented by divergence between underlying distributions associated with multiple tasks. We discuss statistical properties of the proposed method and investigate the validity of the proposed method with numerical experiments.

  11. Pseudo-obstrucción intestinal por miopatía visceral esporádica Intestinal pseudo-obstruction due to sporadic visceral myopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Montalvo

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso infrecuente de un paciente con miopatía visceral esporádica y afectación de la totalidad del tracto gastrointestinal y de la vía urinaria. La miopatía visceral es una forma de pseudo-obstrucción intestinal crónica idiopática caracterizada por degeneración vacuolar, atrofia y fibrosis de la capa muscular propia de la pared intestinal, sin células inflamatorias. Se puede presentar en niños y adolescentes afectando la musculatura visceral digestiva y urinaria. La manifestación familiar se encuentra en aproximadamente el 30% de los casos y se transmite de forma autosómica recesiva en la mayoría de las familias. Es fundamental descartar causas secundarias de pseudo-obstrucción intestinal crónica y la realización de biopsia de todo el espesor de la pared gastrointestinal para poder arribar al diagnóstico. El tratamiento quirúrgico sólo es eficaz en los que tienen afectación de porciones aisladas del tubo digestivo.We report an unusual case of a patient with sporadic visceral myopathy and involvement of the entire gastrointestinal and urinary tract. Visceral myopathy is a form of chronic idiophatic intestinal pseudo-obstruction characterized by vacuolar degeneration, atrophy and fibrosis of the intestinal propia muscle layer without inflammatory cells. It can be found in childhood and adolescence affecting the gastrointestinal and urinary visceral muscle. The familial occurrence can be found in about 30% of cases and the mode of transmission is autosomal recessive in most families. It is crucial to exclude secondary forms of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction and to obtain full thickness intestinal biopsy for the diagnosis. Surgical treatment is only beneficial in cases with isolated segmental involvement of the gastrointestinal tract.

  12. Influencia del Pseudo Dionisio en Nicolás de Cusa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Hubert R

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Nicolás de Cusa (1401-1464 reconoce la influencia del Pseudo Dionisio en su propio pensamiento, especialmente en su teología negativa. Este trabajo busca mostrar esta influencia en el libro referencia del Cusano: el De Docta Ignorantia (la Docta Ignorancia. Esta obra consta de 3 partes. Solo en la primera parte, Nicolás sigue de cerca las ideas del Pseudo Dionisio y solo en ella lo cita. En las demás, aunque se nota la influencia, nuestro autor se siente más libre: las fundaciones están firmes, el constructor puede construir libremente. Para probar esta tesis, se toman dos ejemplos: el tema de las tinieblas y la coincidencia de los opuestos. Este ejercicio permite conocer cómo y por qué se recibió al Pseudo Dionisio en la historia de la teología. Permite también profundizar el sentido de la teología de Nicolás de CusaThe reflections of Nicolas of Cusa (1401-1464 recognise the influence of Pseudo Dyonisius, particularly in his negative theology. The present study shows this influence on Nicolas' most important book: the De Docta Ignorantia (the Learned Ignorance. The book is divided into three parts and it is in the first part that Nicolas directly pursues the ideas of Pseudo Dyonisius and it is only here that he quotes them. In the other parts of the book although the influence is noted, the foundations have been set and are solid and the author or builder can construct with freedom. To prove this thesis, 2 examples are presented: the theme of darkness and the coincidence of opposites. This exercise shows how and why Pseudo Dyonisius has been accepted into the history of the theology. It also deepens the meaning of the Nicolas of Cusa's theology

  13. Variation in the abundance of Pseudo-nitzschia and domoic acid with surf zone type.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanks, Alan L; Morgan, Steven G; MacMahan, Jamie; Reniers, Ad J H M; Kudela, Raphael; Jarvis, Marley; Brown, Jenna; Fujimura, Atsushi; Ziccarelli, Lisa; Griesemer, Chris

    2016-05-01

    Most harmful algal blooms (HAB) originate away from the shore and, for them to endanger human health, they must be first transported to shore after which they must enter the surf zone where they can be feed upon by filter feeders. The last step in this sequence, entrance into the surf zone, depends on surf zone hydrodynamics. During two 30-day periods, we sampled Pseudo-nitzschia and particulate domoic acid (pDA) in and offshore of a more dissipative surf zone at Sand City, California (2010) and sampled Pseudo-nitzschia in and out of reflective surf zones at a beach and rocky shores at Carmel River State Beach, California (2011). At Sand City, we measured domoic acid in sand crabs, Emerita analoga. In the more dissipative surf zone, concentrations of Pseudo-nitzschia and pDA were an order of magnitude higher in samples from a rip current than in samples collected just seaward of the surf zone and were 1000 times more abundant than in samples from the shoals separating rip currents. Domoic acid was present in all the Emerita samples and varied directly with the concentration of pDA and Pseudo-nitzschia in the rip current. In the more reflective surf zones, Pseudo-nitzschia concentrations were 1-2 orders of magnitude lower than in samples from 125 and 20m from shore. Surf zone hydrodynamics affects the ingress of Pseudo-nitzschia into surf zones and the exposure of intertidal organisms to HABs on the inner shelf. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Generating relativistic pseudo-potentials with explicit incorporation of semi-core states using APE, the Atomic Pseudo-potentials Engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Micael J. T.; Nogueira, Fernando

    2008-04-01

    We present a computer package designed to generate and test norm-conserving pseudo-potentials within Density Functional Theory. The generated pseudo-potentials can be either non-relativistic, scalar relativistic or fully relativistic and can explicitly include semi-core states. A wide range of exchange-correlation functionals is included. Program summaryProgram title: Atomic Pseudo-potentials Engine (APE) Catalogue identifier: AEAC_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEAC_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 88 287 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 649 959 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Fortran 90, C Computer: any computer architecture, running any flavor of UNIX Operating system: GNU/Linux RAM: APE also has a very sophisticated and user-friendly input system. Running time: The example given in this paper (Si) takes 10 s to run on a Pentium IV machine clocked at 2 GHz.

  15. Diversity of Pseudo-nitzschia H. Peragallo from the western North Pacific

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stonik, Inna V.; Orlova, Tatiana Yu; Lundholm, Nina

    2011-01-01

    Asurvey focusing on species belonging to the diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia was conducted in the western North Pacific (the northwestern Sea of Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk). Light and electron microscopic examination of 314 phytoplankton field samples collected from 1995 to 2006 revealed the pres......Asurvey focusing on species belonging to the diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia was conducted in the western North Pacific (the northwestern Sea of Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk). Light and electron microscopic examination of 314 phytoplankton field samples collected from 1995 to 2006 revealed...

  16. Excess Charge for Pseudo-relativistic Atoms in Hartree-Fock Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dall'Acqua, Anna; Solovej, Jan Philip

    2010-01-01

    We prove within the Hartree-Fock theory of pseudo-relativistic atoms that the maximal negative ionization charge and the ionization energy of an atom remain bounded independently of the nuclear charge $Z$ and the fine structure constant $\\alpha$ as long as $Z\\alpha$ is bounded.......We prove within the Hartree-Fock theory of pseudo-relativistic atoms that the maximal negative ionization charge and the ionization energy of an atom remain bounded independently of the nuclear charge $Z$ and the fine structure constant $\\alpha$ as long as $Z\\alpha$ is bounded....

  17. Curvature Perturbation and Domain Wall Formation with Pseudo Scaling Scalar Dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Ema, Yohei; Takimoto, Masahiro

    2015-01-01

    Cosmological dynamics of scalar field with a monomial potential $\\phi^{n}$ with a general background equation of state is revisited. It is known that if $n$ is smaller than a critical value, the scalar field exhibits a coherent oscillation and if $n$ is larger it obeys a scaling solution without oscillation. We study in detail the case where $n$ is equal to the critical value, and find a peculiar scalar dynamics which is neither oscillating nor scaling solution, and we call it a pseudo scaling solution. We also discuss cosmological implications of a pseudo scaling scalar dynamics, such as the curvature perturbation and the domain wall problem.

  18. Pseudo-outbreak of Penicillium in an outpatient obstetrics and gynecology clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sood, Geetika; Huber, Kerri; Dam, Lisa; Riedel, Stefan; Grubb, Lisa; Zenilman, Jonathan; Perl, Trish M; Argani, Cynthia

    2017-05-01

    We report an unusual pseudo-outbreak of Penicillium that occurred in patients seen in an outpatient obstetrics and gynecology clinic. The pseudo-outbreak was detected in late 2012, when the microbiology department reported a series of vaginal cultures positive for Penicillium spp. Our investigation found Penicillium spp in both patient and environmental samples and was potentially associated with the practice of wetting gloves with tap water by a health care worker prior to patient examination. Copyright © 2017 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Complexity and properties of a multidimensional Cat-Hadamard map for pseudo random number generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim Hue, Ta Thi; Hoang, Thang Manh

    2017-07-01

    This paper presents a novel method to extend the Cat map from 2-dimension to higher dimension using the fast pseudo Hadamard Transform, and the resulted maps are called Cat-Hadamard maps. The complexity and properties of Cat-Hadamard maps are investigated under the point of view for cryptographic applications. In addition, we propose a method for constructing a pseudo random number generator using a novel design concept of the high dimensional Cat map. The simulation results show that the proposed generator fulfilled all the statistic tests of the NIST SP 800-90 A.

  20. Convergence theorems of fixed points for Lipschitz pseudo-contractions in Hilbert spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Haiyun

    2008-07-01

    Let C be a closed convex subset of a real Hilbert space H and assume that T is a [kappa]-strict pseudo-contraction on C. Consider Mann's iteration algorithm given by It is proved that if the control sequence {[alpha]n} is chosen so that [kappa]Rhoades [B.E. Rhoades, Fixed point iterations using infinite matrices, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 196 (1974) 162-176] and of Marino and Xu [G. Marino, H.-K. Xu, Weak and strong convergence theorems for strict pseudo-contractions in Hilbert spaces, J. Math. Anal. Appl. 329 (1) (2007) 336-346].

  1. INTESTINAL PSEUDO-OBSTRUCTION AND TRANSIENT CARDIOVASCULAR ABNORMALITIES IN KAWASAKI DISEASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria L Avila-Aguero

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARYWe describe a 2 year-old boy with severe vasculitis who presented with a typical Kawasaki disease complicated with an intestinal pseudo-obstruction, gallbladder hydrops, myocarditis and transient coronary abnormalities despite early administration of intravenous immunoglobulin treatment.RESUMENDescribimos el caso de un niño de 2 años con vasculitis grave que presentó un cuadro típico de enfermedad de Kawasaki complicada con una pseudo-obtrucción intestinal, hidrops vesicular, miocarditis y anormalidades coronarias transitorias, a pesar de la administración temprana de tratamiento con inmunoglulina intravenosa

  2. Hypercontractive inequality for pseudo-Boolean functions of bounded Fourier width

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gutin, Gregory; Yeo, Anders

    2012-01-01

    A function f: -1,1n→R is called pseudo-Boolean. It is well-known that each pseudo-Boolean function f can be written as f(x)=∑ I∈Ff̂(I) χI(x), where F⊆I:I⊆[n], [n]=1,2,...,n, χI(x)= ∏ i∈I xi and f̂(I) are non-zero reals. The degree of f is max|I|:I∈F and the width of f is the minimum integer ρ suc...

  3. Treatment of end stage chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction by subtotal enterectomy and home parenteral nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mughal, M M; Irving, M H

    1988-11-01

    Three cases are described of end stage chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction successfully treated by subtotal enterectomy and home parenteral nutrition (HPN). In all three patients prior use of drugs to stimulate gastrointestinal motility, antibiotics to suppress bacterial overgrowth and surgical bypass of dilated bowel had failed to alleviate the symptoms of chronic intestinal obstruction. Similarly parenteral nutrition combined with restriction of oral intake, although improving nutrition did not relieve symptoms. The treatment of end stage chronic pseudo-obstruction should relieve intestinal obstruction and correct nutritional deficiency. In our experience this is best achieved by subtotal enterectomy, restoration of continuity by end-to-end anastomosis and total parenteral nutrition.

  4. Spinorial Characterizations of Surfaces into 3-dimensional Pseudo-Riemannian Space Forms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lawn, Marie-Amelie, E-mail: marie-amelie.lawn@unine.ch [Universite de Neuchatel, Institut de Mathematiques (Switzerland); Roth, Julien, E-mail: julien.roth@univ-mlv.fr [Universite Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallee, Laboratoire d' Analyse et de Mathematiques Appliquees (UMR 8050) (France)

    2011-09-15

    We give a spinorial characterization of isometrically immersed surfaces of arbitrary signature into 3-dimensional pseudo-Riemannian space forms. This generalizes a recent work of the first author for spacelike immersed Lorentzian surfaces in Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup 2,1} to other Lorentzian space forms. We also characterize immersions of Riemannian surfaces in these spaces. From this we can deduce analogous results for timelike immersions of Lorentzian surfaces in space forms of corresponding signature, as well as for spacelike and timelike immersions of surfaces of signature (0, 2), hence achieving a complete spinorial description for this class of pseudo-Riemannian immersions.

  5. The two-body problem of a pseudo-rigid body and a rigid sphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Kristian Uldall; Vereshchagin, M.; Gózdziewski, K.

    2012-01-01

    n this paper we consider the two-body problem of a spherical pseudo-rigid body and a rigid sphere. Due to the rotational and "re-labelling" symmetries, the system is shown to possess conservation of angular momentum and circulation. We follow a reduction procedure similar to that undertaken...... in the study of the two-body problem of a rigid body and a sphere so that the computed reduced non-canonical Hamiltonian takes a similar form. We then consider relative equilibria and show that the notions of locally central and planar equilibria coincide. Finally, we show that Riemann's theorem on pseudo...

  6. Toeplitz Operators, Pseudo-Homogeneous Symbols, and Moment Maps on the Complex Projective Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Antonio Morales-Ramos

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Following previous works for the unit ball due to Nikolai Vasilevski, we define quasi-radial pseudo-homogeneous symbols on the projective space and obtain the corresponding commutativity results for Toeplitz operators. A geometric interpretation of these symbols in terms of moment maps is developed. This leads us to the introduction of a new family of symbols, extended pseudo-homogeneous, that provide larger commutative Banach algebras generated by Toeplitz operators. This family of symbols provides new commutative Banach algebras generated by Toeplitz operators on the unit ball.

  7. Syntheses, structures and luminescence of three copper(I) cyanide coordination polymers based on trigonal 1,3,5-tris(1H-imidazol-1-yl)benzene ligand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Min; Li, Ming-Xing; Lu, Li-Ruo; Zhang, Heng-Hua

    2016-09-01

    Three Cu(I)-cyanide coordination polymers based on trigonal 1,3,5-tris(1H-imidazol-1-yl)benzene (tib) ligand, namely [Cu3(CN)3(tib)]n (1), [Cu4(CN)4(tib)]n (2), and [Cu2(CN)2(tib)]n (3), have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, PXRD, thermogravimetry and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Complex 1 displays a 3D metal-organic framework with nanosized pores. Complex 2 is a 3D coordination polymer assembled by three μ2-cyanides and a μ3-cyanide with a very short Cu(I)···Cu(I) metal bond(2.5206 Å). Complex 3 is a 2D coordination polymer constructing from 1D Cu(I)-cyanide zigzag chain and bidentate tib spacer. Three Cu(I) complexes are thermally stable up to 250-350 °C. Complexes 1-3 show similar orange emission band at 602 nm originating from LMCT mechanism.

  8. Fell type topologies of quasi-pseudo-metric spaces and the Kuratowski-Painlevé convergence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Rodríguez-López

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available We study the double Fell topology when this hypertopology is constructed over a quasi-pseudo-metric space. In particular, its relationship with the Wijsman hypertopology is studied. We also propose an extension of the Kuratowski-Painlevé convergence in the bitopological setting.

  9. Two Listeria monocytogenes Pseudo-outbreaks Caused by Contaminated Laboratory Culture Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matanock, Almea; Katz, Lee S; Jackson, Kelly A; Kucerova, Zuzana; Conrad, Amanda R; Glover, William A; Nguyen, Von; Mohr, Marika C; Marsden-Haug, Nicola; Thompson, Deborah; Dunn, John R; Stroika, Steven; Melius, Beth; Tarr, Cheryl; Dietrich, Stephen E; Kao, Annie S; Kornstein, Laura; Li, Zhen; Maroufi, Azarnoush; Marder, Ellyn P; Meyer, Rebecca; Perez-Osorio, Ailyn C; Reddy, Vasudha; Reporter, Roshan; Carleton, Heather; Tweeten, Samantha; Waechter, HaeNa; Yee, Lisa M; Wise, Matthew E; Davis, Kim; Jackson, Brendan R

    2016-03-01

    Listeriosis is a serious foodborne infection that disproportionately affects elderly adults, pregnant women, newborns, and immunocompromised individuals. Diagnosis is made by culturing Listeria monocytogenes from sterile body fluids or from products of conception. This report describes the investigations of two listeriosis pseudo-outbreaks caused by contaminated laboratory media made from sheep blood. Copyright © 2016, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  10. Constants and Pseudo-Constants of Coupled Beam Motion in the PEP-II Rings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Decker, F.J.; Colocho, W.S.; Wang, M.H.; Yan, Y.T.; Yocky, G.; /SLAC

    2011-11-01

    Constants of beam motion help as cross checks to analyze beam diagnostics and the modeling procedure. Pseudo-constants, like the betatron mismatch parameter or the coupling parameter det C, are constant till certain elements in the beam line change them. This can be used to visually find the non-desired changes, pinpointing errors compared with the model.

  11. RPD: Reusable Pseudo-Id Distribution for a Secure and Privacy Preserving VANET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulaiman Ashraph

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available In any VANET, security and privacy are the two fundamental issues. Obtaining efficient security in vehicular communication is essential without compromising privacy-preserving mechanisms. Designing a suitable protocol for VANET by having these two issues in mind is challenging because efficiency, unlinkablity and traceability are the three qualities having contradictions between them. In this paper, we introduce an efficient Reusable Pseudo-id Distribution (RPD scheme. The Trusted Authority (TA designating the Road Side Units (RSUs to generate n reusable pseudo ids and distribute them to the On Board Units (OBUs on request characterizes the proposed protocol. RSUs issue the aggregated hashes of all its valid pseudo-ids along with a symmetric shared key and a particular pseudo-id to each vehicle that enters into its coverage range. Through this the certificates attached to the messages can be eliminated and thus resulting in a significantly reduced packet size. The same anonymous keys can then be re-distributed by the RSUs episodically to other vehicles. We analyze the proposed protocol extensively to demonstrate its merits and efficiency.

  12. [A swollen, painless calf caused by neurogenic muscle (pseudo)-hypertrophy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Warrenburg, B.P.C. van de; Zwarts, M.J.; Engelen, B.G.M. van

    2003-01-01

    Neurogenic muscle (pseudo) hypertrophy of the calf was diagnosed in a 60-year-old man, who presented with chronic, painless and unilateral calf enlargement caused by a chronic S1 radiculopathy due to a lumbar disc hernia in the L5-S1 interspace. The differential diagnosis of a swelling of the calf

  13. Regression analysis of censored data using pseudo-observations: An update

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Morten; Andersen, Per Kragh; Parner, Erik Thorlund

    2015-01-01

    We present updated versions of the stpsurv, stpci, and stpmean commands, which were introduced in Parner Andersen (2010, Stata Journal 10: 408–422), along with a new command, stplost. The commands generate pseudo-observations of the survival function, the cumulative incidence function under compe...

  14. Importancia del Pseudo-Apolodoro para el lector de la Alcestis de Eurípides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Antonio López Férez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper, based on the reading and analysis of Euripidean Alcestis, wants to stress the importance of the tragic to understand the text of Pseudo-Apollodorus and, at the same time, to indicate the interest of the last one to complete and understand certain aspects of the mentioned play of Euripides

  15. Kosmiese mag in Pseudo-Aristoteles, De mundo , en die Nuwe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cosmic power in Pseudo-Aristotle, De mundo, and the New Testament. In order to locate the cosmological views underlying the writings of Paul and other New Testament (NT) authors within their historical contexts it is necessary to compare them with other contemporary worldviews, such as those expressed in ...

  16. Spacelike and timelike admissible Smarandache curves in pseudo-Galilean space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Khalifa Saad

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we study space and timelike admissible Smarandache curves in the pseudo-Galilean space G31. Also, we obtain Smarandache curves of the position vector of space and timelike arbitrary curve with some of its special curves. Finally, we defray and illustrate some examples to confirm our main results.

  17. [Chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction: visceral myopathy. Report of 4 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Pini, A F; de Dávila, M T; Marín, A; Guastavino, E; Ruiz, J A; De Rosa, S

    1993-01-01

    Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is the term applied to a heterogeneous group of functional motility disorders sharing a common clinical expression: signs and symptoms of bowel obstruction in absence of mechanical occlusion. It is caused by ineffective intestinal propulsion. The chronic form of intestinal pseudo-obstruction may be primary or secondary. Primary pseudo-obstruction or chronic idiopathic pseudo-obstruction (CIIP) defines a group of propulsive disorders having no recognized underlying diseases. This study presents four female patients, aged between 4 months to 7 years, and makes a review of the literature. The symptoms, very similar in three of them, were bilious vomiting, abdominal distention and constipation, alternating with diarrhea and malnutrition. The fourth patient, different from the others in the age of onset and evolution, only had severe constipation and abdominal bloating. The diagnostic was made by full thickness biopsies during laparotomy, getting specimens by mapping, at different heights of intestine and stomach. Samples were studied by optic and electronic microscopy and visceral myopathies were found. None of them had urinary disorders. Medical treatment consisted of total parental nutrition and/or enteral nutrition. Cisapride was not effective in the two patients who received it.

  18. Tsallis entropy and decoherence of CsI quantum pseudo dot qubit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiotsop, M.; Fotue, A. J.; Fotsin, H. B.; Fai, L. C.

    2017-05-01

    Polaron in CsI quantum pseudo dot under an electromagnetic field was considered, and the ground and first excited state energies were derived by employing the combining Pekar variational and unitary transformation methods. With the two-level system obtained, single qubit was envisioned and the decoherence was studied using non-extensive entropy (Tsallis entropy). Numerical results showed: (i) the increase (decrease) of the energy levels (period of oscillation) with the increase of chemical potential, the zero point of pseudo dot, cyclotron frequency, and transverse and longitudinal confinements; (ii) the Tsallis entropy evolved as a wave envelop that increase with the increase of non-extenxive parameter and with the increase of electric field strength, zero point of pseudo dot and cyclotron frequency the wave envelop evolve periodically with reduction of period; (iii) The transition probability increases from the boundary to the centre of the dot where it has its maximum value. It was also noted that the probability density oscillate with period T0 = ℏ / Δ Ε with the tunnelling of the chemical potential and zero point of the pseudo dot. These results are helpful in the control of decoherence in quantum systems and may also be useful for the design of quantum computers.

  19. Pseudo-Random Number Generators for Vector Processors and Multicore Processors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fog, Agner

    2015-01-01

    Large scale Monte Carlo applications need a good pseudo-random number generator capable of utilizing both the vector processing capabilities and multiprocessing capabilities of modern computers in order to get the maximum performance. The requirements for such a generator are discussed. New ways ...

  20. [A pseudo-outbreak of pharyngeal gonorrhoea related to a false-positive PCR-result

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verzijl, A.; Berretty, P.J.; Erceg, A.; Krekels, G.A.; Brule, A.J. van den; Boel, C.H.

    2007-01-01

    Nucleic acid amplification tests, including the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), are sensitive and specific tests that are often used for diagnosing sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). A pseudo-outbreak of pharyngeal gonorrhoea in a group of prostitutes turned out to have been caused by

  1. Acoustic noise reduction in pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Meer, Johan N.; Heijtel, Dennis F. R.; van Hest, Guus; Plattèl, Geert-Jan; van Osch, Matthijs J. P.; van Someren, Eus J. W.; Vanbavel, Ed T.; Nederveen, Aart J.

    2014-01-01

    While pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) is a promising imaging technique to visualize cerebral blood flow, it is also (acoustically) very loud during labeling. In this paper, we reduced the labeling loudness on our scanner by increasing the interval between the RF pulses from the

  2. Acoustic noise reduction in pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Meer, Johan N; Heijtel, Dennis F R; van Hest, Guus; Plattèl, Geert-Jan; van Osch, Matthijs J P; van Someren, Eus J W; vanBavel, Ed T; Nederveen, Aart J

    OBJECT: While pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) is a promising imaging technique to visualize cerebral blood flow, it is also (acoustically) very loud during labeling. In this paper, we reduced the labeling loudness on our scanner by increasing the interval between the RF pulses from

  3. Acoustic noise reduction in pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Meer, J.N.; Heijtel, D.F.R.; van Hest, G.; Plattel, G.J.; van Osch, M.J.P.; van Someren, E.J.W.; Vanbavel, E.T.; Nederveen, A.J.

    2014-01-01

    Object: While pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) is a promising imaging technique to visualize cerebral blood flow, it is also (acoustically) very loud during labeling. In this paper, we reduced the labeling loudness on our scanner by increasing the interval between the RF pulses from

  4. Pseudo-nitzschia physiological ecology, phylogeny, toxicity, monitoring and impact on ecosystem health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trainer, Vera L.; Bates, Steve S.; Lundholm, Nina

    2012-01-01

    is complex and likely influenced by a suite of environmental factors that may be unique to a particular region. Advances in our knowledge of Pseudo-nitzschia sexual reproduction, also in field populations, illustrate its importance in bloom dynamics and toxicity. The combination of careful taxonomy...

  5. Potential for Increasing Soil Nutrient Availability via Soil Organic Matter Improvement Using Pseudo Panel Data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chavez Clemente, M.D.; Berentsen, P.B.M.; Oenema, O.; Oude Lansink, A.G.J.M.

    2014-01-01

    Fixed and random effect models were applied to a pseudo-panel data built of soil analysis reports from tobacco farms to analyze relationships between soil characteristics like soil organic matter (SOM) and soil nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P) and potassium (K) and to explore the potential for

  6. Spin-Crossover in a Pseudo-tetrahedral Bis(formazanate) Iron Complex

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Travieso-Puente, Raquel; Broekman, J.O.P.; Chang, Mu-Chieh; Demeshko, Serhiy; Meyer, Franc; Otten, Edwin

    2016-01-01

    Spin-crossover in a pseudo-tetrahedral bis(formazanate) iron(II) complex (1) is described. Structural, magnetic, and spectroscopic analyses indicate that this compound undergoes thermal switching between an S=0 and an S=2 state, which is very rare in four-coordinate complexes. The transition to the

  7. Pseudo information entropy of a three-level atom interaction with two ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In this report we investigate some aspects of the pseudo entropy of multi-level system in the language of quantum information theory. The influence of ... M Abdel-Aty2. Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Egypt; Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science, South Valley University, Sohag, Egypt ...

  8. Study of stratified dielectric slab medium structures using pseudo-spectral time domain (PSTD) algorithm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tong, M.S.; Lu, Y.; Chen, Y.

    2005-01-01

    A planar stratified dielectric slab medium, which is an interesting problem in optics and geophysics, is studied using a pseudo-spectral time-domain (PSTD) algorithm. Time domain electric fields and frequency domain propagation characteristics of both single and periodic dielectric slab...

  9. Geometry of the Solutions of Localized Induction Equation in the Pseudo-Galilean Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhittin Evren Aydin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We study the surfaces corresponding to solutions of the localized induction equation in the pseudo-Galilean space G31. We classify such surfaces with null curvature and characterize some special curves on these surfaces in G31.

  10. [Influence of solvent and drug preparation time on Shuanghuanglian injections induce pseudo-allergic reaction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Yan; Liang, Ai-hua; Li, Chun-ying; Zhang, Yu-shi; Zhao, Yong; Han, Jia-yin; Lu, Yu-ting

    2015-07-01

    Choosing the right solvent and timely use is the basis of rational drug use and the most direct and efficient way to improve the safety of traditional Chinese medicine injections. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of solvent and drug preparation time on Shuanghuanglian injection inducing pseudo-allergic reactions with mouse mode. The two tests were carried out: (1) Comparative experiment between different solvent: Shuanghuanglian injection preparation to the appropriate concentration with 0.9% sodium chloride injection and 5% dextrose injection, mixed with Evans blue, at one time intravenous injected into mice, 30 minutes later, the mouse ears vascular permeability were observed and compared. (2) Comparative experiment among different preparation time: placed 10 min, 2.5 h, 6 h and 24 h after Shuanghuanglian injection were prepared and then to detect the pseudo-allergic reactions in mice using the same methods as in (1). The results showed that there was no significant difference in the pseudo-allergic reactions in mice which induced by the same dose of Shuanghuanglian injection, respectively with 0.9% sodium chloride injection and 5% dextrose injection preparation, and with the extension of preparation time, the degree of pseudo-allergic reactions of Shuanghuanglian injection was gradually severe.

  11. Pseudo Control Hedging and its Application for Safe Flight Envelope Protection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lombaerts, T.J.J.; Looye, G.H.N.; Chu, Q.P.; Mulder, J.A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes how the previously developed concept of Pseudo Control Hedging (PCH) can be integrated in a Fault Tolerant Flight Controller (FTFC) as a safe flight envelope protection system of the first degree. This PCH algorithm adapts the reference model for the system output in case of

  12. Micromorphology and systematic distribution of pit membrane thickenings in Oleaceae: Tori and pseudo-tori

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rabaey, D.; Huysmans, S.; Lens, F.; Smets, E.; Jansen, S.

    2008-01-01

    Recent studies on the functional significance of pit membranes in water conducting cells have renewed general interest in their micromorphology. At least two types of pit membrane thickenings have been described in angiosperm families, i.e. genuine tori and pseudo-tori. This study explores the

  13. Rapid expansion and pseudo spectral implementation for reverse time migration in VTI media

    KAUST Repository

    Pestana, Reynam C

    2012-04-24

    In isotropic media, we use the scalar acoustic wave equation to perform reverse time migration (RTM) of the recorded pressure wavefield data. In anisotropic media, P- and SV-waves are coupled, and the elastic wave equation should be used for RTM. For computational efficiency, a pseudo-acoustic wave equation is often used. This may be solved using a coupled system of second-order partial differential equations. We solve these using a pseudo spectral method and the rapid expansion method (REM) for the explicit time marching. This method generates a degenerate SV-wave in addition to the P-wave arrivals of interest. To avoid this problem, the elastic wave equation for vertical transversely isotropic (VTI) media can be split into separate wave equations for P- and SV-waves. These separate wave equations are stable, and they can be effectively used to model and migrate seismic data in VTI media where |ε- δ| is small. The artifact for the SV-wave has also been removed. The independent pseudo-differential wave equations can be solved one for each mode using the pseudo spectral method for the spatial derivatives and the REM for the explicit time advance of the wavefield. We show numerically stable and high-resolution modeling and RTM results for the pure P-wave mode in VTI media. © 2012 Sinopec Geophysical Research Institute.

  14. Fractional and complex pseudo-splines and the construction of Parseval frames

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Massopust, Peter; Forster, Brigitte; Christensen, Ole

    2017-01-01

    in complex transform techniques for signal and image analyses. We also show that in analogue to the integer case, the generalized pseudo-splines lead to constructions of Parseval wavelet frames via the unitary extension principle. The regularity and approximation order of this new class of generalized...

  15. Specificity of lipoxygenase pathways supports species delineation in the marine diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Lamari

    Full Text Available Oxylipins are low-molecular weight secondary metabolites derived from the incorporation of oxygen into the carbon chains of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs. Oxylipins are produced in many prokaryotic and eukaryotic lineages where they are involved in a broad spectrum of actions spanning from stress and defense responses, regulation of growth and development, signaling, and innate immunity. We explored the diversity in oxylipin patterns in the marine planktonic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia. This genus includes several species only distinguishable with the aid of molecular markers. Oxylipin profiles of cultured strains were obtained by reverse phase column on a liquid chromatograph equipped with UV photodiode detector and q-ToF mass spectrometer. Lipoxygenase compounds were mapped on phylogenies of the genus Pseudo-nitzschia inferred from the nuclear encoded hyper-variable region of the LSU rDNA and the plastid encoded rbcL. Results showed that the genus Pseudo-nitzschia exhibits a rich and varied lipoxygenase metabolism of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, with a high level of specificity for oxylipin markers that generally corroborated the genotypic delineation, even among genetically closely related cryptic species. These results suggest that oxylipin profiles constitute additional identification tools for Pseudo-nitzschia species providing a functional support to species delineation obtained with molecular markers and morphological traits. The exploration of the diversity, patterns and plasticity of oxylipin production across diatom species and genera will also provide insights on the ecological functions of these secondary metabolites and on the selective pressures driving their diversification.

  16. Pseudo-outbreak of Phaeoacremonium parasiticum from a hospital ice dispenser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, Molly; Embil, John M; Trepman, Elly; Adam, Heather; Myers, Renelle; Mutcher, Pam

    2014-08-01

    In 31 patients, Phaeoacremonium parasiticum was recovered from bronchoscopy specimens (biopsies and aspirates). The pseudo-outbreak was caused by contaminated ice used to control hemorrhage during bronchoscopy and was associated with deficiencies in equipment cleaning. The bronchoscopy technique was modified, the ice dispenser was disinfected, bronchoscope reprocessing was improved, and there were no recurrences.

  17. Students’ Ideas Regarding Science and Pseudo-science in Relation to the Human Body and Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mats Lundström

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the pseudo-scientific and superstitious ideas Swedish upper-secondary students articulate and if there is a relationship between their ideas and their knowledge of the human body and health. The study is based on a questionnaire among 300 students in which the students were asked to consider statements related to different treatments that may influence the human body and health, and questions about physiology, health and nutrition. The analysis reveals that a relatively large group of students give credance to statements such as that some people can transfer thoughts or that the phases of the moon can affect a person’s health. The analysis also shows that there is no apparent relationship between the students’ pseudo-scientific beliefs and their scientific knowledge about the human body. Furthermore, although the results do not indicate a gender difference with regards to the power of faith in pseudo-scientific ideas, they do indicate that male and females consider these questions differently. The results imply a need for discussion and critical investigation in school science concerning the relationship between science and pseudo-scientific ideas in order to enhance critical thinking and development of the understanding of the nature of science.

  18. A note on an unusual characterization of the pseudo-arc

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Mill, J.

    2015-01-01

    Lewis showed that the pseudo-arc is the unique nondegenerate continuum having the property that any two copies of it that are setwise near each other in terms of the Hausdorff distance are homeomorphically near each other. We present a new proof of this fact based on a well-known result of Bing,

  19. Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Did you search for lysosomal storage diseases?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Politei, J; Durand, C; Schenone, A B; Torres, A; Mukdsi, J; Thurberg, B L

    2017-06-01

    Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction results in clinical manifestations that resemble intestinal obstruction but in the absence of any physical obstructive process. Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease characterized by the dysfunction of multiple systems, including significant gastrointestinal involvement. We report the occurrence of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in two unrelated patients with Fabry disease and the possible explanation of a direct relation of these two disorders. In Fabry disease, gastrointestinal symptoms occur in approximately 70% of male patients, but the frequency ranges from 19% to 69% in different series. In some patients, colonic dysmotility due glycolipid deposition in autonomic plexus and ganglia can lead to the pseudo-obstruction syndrome, simulating intestinal necrosis. That is why up to this date colostomy has been performed in some cases, even for children with FD without cardiac, renal or cerebrovascular compromise. Early treatment with enzyme replacement therapy in asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients may be justified in order to prevent disease progression. Several studies have demonstrated that enzyme replacement therapy alleviates GI manifestations. Because of the non-specific nature of the gastrointestinal symptoms, diagnosis of Fabry disease is often delayed for several years. Gastrointestinal involvement is often misdiagnosed or under-reported. It is therefore very important to consider Fabry disease in the differential diagnosis of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction.

  20. Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Did you search for lysosomal storage diseases?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Politei

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction results in clinical manifestations that resemble intestinal obstruction but in the absence of any physical obstructive process. Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease characterized by the dysfunction of multiple systems, including significant gastrointestinal involvement. We report the occurrence of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in two unrelated patients with Fabry disease and the possible explanation of a direct relation of these two disorders. In Fabry disease, gastrointestinal symptoms occur in approximately 70% of male patients, but the frequency ranges from 19% to 69% in different series. In some patients, colonic dysmotility due glycolipid deposition in autonomic plexus and ganglia can lead to the pseudo-obstruction syndrome, simulating intestinal necrosis. That is why up to this date colostomy has been performed in some cases, even for children with FD without cardiac, renal or cerebrovascular compromise. Early treatment with enzyme replacement therapy in asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients may be justified in order to prevent disease progression. Several studies have demonstrated that enzyme replacement therapy alleviates GI manifestations. Because of the non-specific nature of the gastrointestinal symptoms, diagnosis of Fabry disease is often delayed for several years. Gastrointestinal involvement is often misdiagnosed or under-reported. It is therefore very important to consider Fabry disease in the differential diagnosis of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction.

  1. The role of pseudo-translations in early Afrikaans travel writing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Afrikaans travel novel, Di Koningin fan Skeba (The Queen of Sheba) (1898a) is analysed within the framework of corpus-based translation studies. The pseudo-translations are compared to the rest of the narrative text of the Di Koningin fan Skeba, as well as to SJ du Toit's Di Bybel in Afrikaans (The Bible in Afrikaans) ...

  2. Oesophageal stricture caused by lichen planus and intramural pseudo-diverticulosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jonas Sanberg; Lindebjerg, Jan; Jørgensen, Lars Stig

    2017-01-01

    We present the rare case of a proximal oesophageal stricture caused by a combination of oesophageal lichen planus without any other manifestations and intramural pseudo-diverticulosis, resulting in significant dysphagia. The diagnosis was not reached until a second set of biopsies were performed...

  3. QTL analysis for early yield in a pseudo F 2 population of cassava ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Genetic mapping of early bulking in a full-sib population of cassava was continued in a selfed family of 268 cassava plants derived from a single progeny of the full-sib population. The pseudo F2 population was analysed with 122 segregating SSR markers. A previously constructed linkage map of cassava consisting of 22 ...

  4. On asymptotic normality of pseudo likelihood estimates for pairwise interaction processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jens Ledet; Künsch, Hans R.

    1994-01-01

    We consider point processes defined through a pairwise interaction potential and admitting a two-dimensional sufficient statistic. It is shown that the pseudo maximum likelihood estimate can be stochastically normed so that the limiting distribution is a standard normal distribution. This result ...... Mathematics....

  5. Pseudo-color coding method of infrared images based on human vision system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiao; Bai, Tingzhu; Li, Hailan

    2008-03-01

    Infrared images often display in gray scale. The low contrast and the unclear visual effect are the most notable characters of infrared images that make difficult to observe. It is a fact that gray scale is not sensitive to human eyes, and it has only 60 to 90 just noticeable differences (JNDs). In comparison with gray scale, color scale might give up to 500 JNDs. Usually people can distinguish many kinds of colors much more than grays. And in gray images, human don't have the ability to tell apart the nuances about detail. Pseudo-color coding enhancement is the task of applying certain alterations to an input gray-image such as to obtain color-image that is a more visually pleasing. In this paper, we introduced a pseudo-color coding method based on human vision system for infrared images display. The HSI space is especially fit for human vision system and is viewed as an approximation of perceptual color space. So the pseudo-color coding method introduced is based on HSI space. In the first place, the individual functional relationship of Hue, Intensity, and Saturation with gray scale level is established. In the second place, the corresponding RGB values are obtained through transformation from the HSI color space to the RGB space. Lastly, the effect of Infrared images enhancement based on the pseudo-color coding method is displayed. Results indicate that this method is superior to other methods through the comparison.

  6. Pseudo-egg and exotic egg adoption by Kelp Gulls Larus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ground-nesting birds, particularly larids, are known to include a variety of items in their nests as pseudo-eggs, as well as to adopt the eggs of conspecifics or other species. Three hypotheses have been put forward to explain this phenomenon: incubation stimulus, mistaken-food, and mistaken-egg hypotheses. Of 382 Kelp ...

  7. Ab initio treatment of ion-water molecule collisions with a three-center pseudo potential

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez, Pablo A.; Errea, L. F.; Méndez, Laura González; Rabadán, Ismanuel

    2012-01-01

    We calculate electron capture cross sections in collisions of protons with water molecules, using two simple ab initio approaches. The formalism involves the calculation of one-electron scattering wave functions and the use of three-center pseudo potential to represent the electron H2O+ interaction. Several methods to obtain many-electron cross sections are considered

  8. Two component WIMP-FImP dark matter model with singlet fermion, scalar and pseudo scalar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dutta Banik, Amit; Pandey, Madhurima; Majumdar, Debasish [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, HBNI, Astroparticle Physics and Cosmology Division, Kolkata (India); Biswas, Anirban [Harish Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad (India)

    2017-10-15

    We explore a two component dark matter model with a fermion and a scalar. In this scenario the Standard Model (SM) is extended by a fermion, a scalar and an additional pseudo scalar. The fermionic component is assumed to have a global U(1){sub DM} and interacts with the pseudo scalar via Yukawa interaction while a Z{sub 2} symmetry is imposed on the other component - the scalar. These ensure the stability of both dark matter components. Although the Lagrangian of the present model is CP conserving, the CP symmetry breaks spontaneously when the pseudo scalar acquires a vacuum expectation value (VEV). The scalar component of the dark matter in the present model also develops a VEV on spontaneous breaking of the Z{sub 2} symmetry. Thus the various interactions of the dark sector and the SM sector occur through the mixing of the SM like Higgs boson, the pseudo scalar Higgs like boson and the singlet scalar boson. We show that the observed gamma ray excess from the Galactic Centre as well as the 3.55 keV X-ray line from Perseus, Andromeda etc. can be simultaneously explained in the present two component dark matter model and the dark matter self interaction is found to be an order of magnitude smaller than the upper limit estimated from the observational results. (orig.)

  9. Development of an injectable pseudo-bone thermo-gel for application in small bone fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondiah, Pariksha J; Choonara, Yahya E; Kondiah, Pierre P D; Kumar, Pradeep; Marimuthu, Thashree; du Toit, Lisa C; Pillay, Viness

    2017-03-30

    A pseudo-bone thermo-gel was synthesized and evaluated for its physicochemical, mechanical and rheological properties, with its application to treat small bone fractures. The pseudo-bone thermo-gel was proven to have thermo-responsive properties, behaving as a solution in temperatures below 25°C, and forming a gelling technology when maintained at physiological conditions. Poly propylene fumerate (PPF), Pluronic F127 and PEG-PCL-PEG were strategically blended, obtaining a thermo-responsive delivery system, to mimic the mechanical properties of bone with sufficient matrix hardness and resilience. A Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS) class II drug, simvastatin, was loaded in the pseudo-bone thermo-gel, selected for its bone healing properties. In vitro release analysis was undertaken on a series of experimental formulations, with the ideal formulations obtaining its maximum controlled drug release profile up to 14days. Ex vivo studies were undertaken on an induced 4mm diameter butterfly-fractured osteoporotic human clavicle bone samples. X-ray, ultrasound as well as textural analysis, undertaken on the fractured bones before and after treatment displayed significant bone filling, matrix hardening and matrix resilience properties. These characteristics of the pseudo-bone thermo-gel thus proved significant potential for application in small bone fractures. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. ON THE GAUSS MAP OF RULED SURFACES OF TYPE II IN 3-DIMENSIONAL PSEUDO-GALILEAN SPACE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alper Osman Öğrenmis

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, ruled surfaces of type II in a three-dimensional Pseudo-Galilean space are given. By studying its Gauss map and Laplacian operator, we obtain a classification of ruled surfaces of type II in a three-dimensional Pseudo-Galilean space.

  11. 1.2 GBit/s Pseudo Random Pulse Generator Using Multiplexing with GaAs Mesfet Gates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hede, Carsten

    1978-01-01

    A l.2 Gbit/s RZ pseudo random bit generator using multiplexing of six 200 Mbit/s channels, and a GaAs-MESFET gate circuit which exhibits both high speed and simplicity are presented. As a new contribution to the treatment of pseudo random sequences it is shown how the autocorrelation function and...

  12. On the gauss map of ruled surfaces of type ii in 3-dimensional Pseudo-Galilean space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alper Osman Öğrenmiş

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, ruled surfaces of type II in a three-dimensional Pseudo-Galilean space are given. By studying its Gauss map and Laplacian operator, we obtain a classification of ruled surfaces of type II in a three-dimensional Pseudo-Galilean space.

  13. Most pseudo-bulges can be formed at later stages of major mergers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauvaget, T.; Hammer, F.; Puech, M.; Yang, Y. B.; Flores, H.; Rodrigues, M.

    2018-01-01

    Most giant spiral galaxies have pseudo or disc-like bulges that are considered to be the result of purely secular processes. This may challenge the hierarchical scenario predicting about one major merger per massive galaxy (>3 × 1010 M⊙) since the last ∼9 billion years. Here, we verify whether or not the association between pseudo-bulges and secular processes is irrevocable. Using GADGET2 N-body/SPH simulations, we have conducted a systematic study of remnants of major mergers for which progenitors have been selected (1) to follow the gas richness-look back time relationship, and (2) with a representative distribution of orbits and spins in a cosmological frame. Analysing the surface mass density profile of both nearby galaxies and merger remnants with two components, we find that most of them show pseudo-bulges or bar dominated centres. Even if some orbits lead to classical bulges just after the fusion, the contamination by the additional gas that gradually accumulates to the centre and forming stars later on, leads to remnants apparently dominated by pseudo-bulges. We also found that simple smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) simulations should be sufficient to form realistic spiral galaxies as remnants of ancient gas-rich mergers without the need for specifically tuned feedback conditions. We then conclude that pseudo-bulges and bars in spiral galaxies are natural consequences of major mergers when they are realized in a cosmological context, i.e. with gas-rich progenitors as expected when selected in the distant Universe.

  14. Effective potential of the three-dimensional Ising model: The pseudo-ϵ expansion study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.I. Sokolov

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The ratios R2k of renormalized coupling constants g2k that enter the effective potential and small-field equation of state acquire the universal values at criticality. They are calculated for the three-dimensional scalar λϕ4 field theory (3D Ising model within the pseudo-ϵ expansion approach. Pseudo-ϵ expansions for the critical values of g6, g8, g10, R6=g6/g42, R8=g8/g43 and R10=g10/g44 originating from the five-loop renormalization group (RG series are derived. Pseudo-ϵ expansions for the sextic coupling have rapidly diminishing coefficients, so addressing Padé approximants yields proper numerical results. Use of Padé–Borel–Leroy and conformal mapping resummation techniques further improves the accuracy leading to the values R6⁎=1.6488 and R6⁎=1.6490 which are in a brilliant agreement with the result of advanced lattice calculations. For the octic coupling the numerical structure of the pseudo-ϵ expansions is less favorable. Nevertheless, the conform-Borel resummation gives R8⁎=0.868, the number being close to the lattice estimate R8⁎=0.871 and compatible with the result of 3D RG analysis R8⁎=0.857. Pseudo-ϵ expansions for R10⁎ and g10⁎ are also found to have much smaller coefficients than those of the original RG series. They remain, however, fast growing and big enough to prevent obtaining fair numerical estimates.

  15. Pseudo-fovea formation after gene therapy for RPE65-LCA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cideciyan, Artur V; Aguirre, Geoffrey K; Jacobson, Samuel G; Butt, Omar H; Schwartz, Sharon B; Swider, Malgorzata; Roman, Alejandro J; Sadigh, Sam; Hauswirth, William W

    2014-12-23

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate fixation location and oculomotor characteristics of 15 patients with Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) caused by RPE65 mutations (RPE65-LCA) who underwent retinal gene therapy. Eye movements were quantified under infrared imaging of the retina while the subject fixated on a stationary target. In a subset of patients, letter recognition under retinal imaging was performed. Cortical responses to visual stimulation were measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in two patients before and after therapy. All patients were able to fixate on a 1° diameter visible target in the dark. The preferred retinal locus of fixation was either at the anatomical fovea or at an extrafoveal locus. There were a wide range of oculomotor abnormalities. Natural history showed little change in oculomotor abnormalities if target illuminance was increased to maintain target visibility as the disease progressed. Eleven of 15 study eyes treated with gene therapy showed no differences from baseline fixation locations or instability over an average of follow-up of 3.5 years. Four of 15 eyes developed new pseudo-foveas in the treated retinal regions 9 to 12 months after therapy that persisted for up to 6 years; patients used their pseudo-foveas for letter identification. fMRI studies demonstrated that preservation of light sensitivity was restricted to the cortical projection zone of the pseudo-foveas. The slow emergence of pseudo-foveas many months after the initial increases in light sensitivity points to a substantial plasticity of the adult visual system and a complex interaction between it and the progression of underlying retinal disease. The visual significance of pseudo-foveas suggests careful consideration of treatment zones for future gene therapy trials. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00481546.). Copyright 2015 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc.

  16. Pseudo-nitzschia challenged with co-occurring viral communities display diverse infection phenotypes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Curtis Grier Carlson

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Viruses are catalysts of biogeochemical cycling, architects of microbial community structure, and terminators of phytoplankton blooms. Viral lysis of diatoms, a key group of eukaryotic phytoplankton, has the potential to impact carbon export and marine food webs. However, the impact of viruses on diatom abundance and community composition is unknown. Diatom-virus dynamics were explored by sampling every month at 2 coastal and estuarine locations in Washington state, USA resulting in 41 new isolates of the pennate diatom Pseudo-nitzschia and 20 environmental virus samples. We conducted a total of 820 pair-wise crosses of the Pseudo-nitzschia isolates and viral communities. Viral communities infected Pseudo-nitzschia isolates in 8% of the crosses overall and 16% of crosses when the host and viral communities were isolated from the same sample. Isolates ranged in their permissivity to infection with some isolates not infected by any viral samples and others infected by up to 10 viral communities. Isolates that were infected by the most viral communities also had the highest maximum observed viral titers (as high as 16000 infectious units ml-1. Titers of the viral communities were host dependent, as titers for one viral sample on 8 different hosts spanned 4 orders of magnitude. Sequencing of the Pseudo-nitzschia Internal Transcribed Spacer 1 (ITS1 of the revealed multiple subgroups of hosts with 100% ITS1 identity that were infected by different viral communities. Indeed, we repeatedly isolated groups of isolates with identical ITS1 sequences from the same water sample that displayed different viral infection phenotypes. The interactions between Pseudo-nitzschia and the viral communities highlight the diversity of diatoms and emphasize the complexity and variability of diatom-virus dynamics in the ocean.

  17. Effective potential of the three-dimensional Ising model: The pseudo-ɛ expansion study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokolov, A. I.; Kudlis, A.; Nikitina, M. A.

    2017-08-01

    The ratios R2k of renormalized coupling constants g2k that enter the effective potential and small-field equation of state acquire the universal values at criticality. They are calculated for the three-dimensional scalar λϕ4 field theory (3D Ising model) within the pseudo-ɛ expansion approach. Pseudo-ɛ expansions for the critical values of g6, g8, g10, R6 =g6 / g42 , R8 =g8 / g43 and R10 =g10 / g44 originating from the five-loop renormalization group (RG) series are derived. Pseudo-ɛ expansions for the sextic coupling have rapidly diminishing coefficients, so addressing Padé approximants yields proper numerical results. Use of Padé-Borel-Leroy and conformal mapping resummation techniques further improves the accuracy leading to the values R6* = 1.6488 and R6* = 1.6490 which are in a brilliant agreement with the result of advanced lattice calculations. For the octic coupling the numerical structure of the pseudo-ɛ expansions is less favorable. Nevertheless, the conform-Borel resummation gives R8* = 0.868, the number being close to the lattice estimate R8* = 0.871 and compatible with the result of 3D RG analysis R8* = 0.857. Pseudo-ɛ expansions for R10* and g10* are also found to have much smaller coefficients than those of the original RG series. They remain, however, fast growing and big enough to prevent obtaining fair numerical estimates.

  18. Chronic primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction from visceral myopathy Pseudo-osbtrucción intestinal crónica primaria debida a miopatía visceral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. T. Muñoz-Yagüe

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is an uncommon syndrome characterized by relapsing episodes suggesting intestinal obstruction during which no mechanical causes are identified to account for symptoms. Etiologic factors may be manifold. Among them a number of neurologic conditions, gastrointestinal smooth muscle myopathies, endocrino-metabolic and autoimmune diseases, and the use of selected drugs stand out. We report a case of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction originating in a sporadic, primary intestinal myopathy that corresponds to no type thus far described. A histological study of the intestinal wall showed disrupted muscle bundles and the presence of interstitial edema. Myocytes had severe degenerative changes, and no alterations were seen in submucosal and myenteric plexus neurons. The activity of enzyme complexes in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, and of thymidine phosphorylase was normal. No mitochondrial DNA changes were seen.La pseudo-obstrucción intestinal crónica es un síndrome infrecuente caracterizado por episodios recidivantes, sugestivos de obstrucción intestinal, durante los cuales no se detectan causas mecánicas que justifiquen la sintomatología. Los factores etiológicos pueden ser múltiples. Entre ellos destacan diversas enfermedades neurológicas, miopatías de la musculatura lisa gastrointestinal, enfermedades endocrino-metabólicas y autoinmunes y el uso de determinados fármacos. Presentamos un caso de pseudo-obstrucción intestinal crónica originada por una miopatía intestinal primaria y esporádica que no corresponde a ningún tipo descrito hasta el momento. El estudio histológico de la pared intestinal mostró que los haces musculares estaban desestructurados y que existía edema intersticial. Los miocitos presentaban marcados cambios degenerativos y no existían alteraciones en las neuronas de los plexos submucoso y mientérico. La actividad de los complejos enzimáticos de la cadena

  19. Perawatan Maloklusi Pseudo Kelas III dengan Alat Ortodontik Cekat Teknik Begg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robertus Meidiyanto

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang: Maloklusi Pseudo kelas III ditandai dengan hubungan yang tidak harmonis antara relasi anteroposterior rahang dan posisi mandibula terhadap maksila. Ketidakharmonisan tersebut dapat disebabkan karena mandibula yang normal dengan maksila retrusif. Maloklusi pseudo kelas III mempunyai perhitungan yang menunjukkan bentuk antara klas I dan skeletal klas III. Perbedaanya hanya pada sudut gonial dimana pada skeletal klas III sudutnya lebih tumpul, sedangkan pada sampel pseudo klas III, sudut gonial lebih mirip dengan klas I. Perawatan ortodontik dengan alat cekat teknik Begg dapat juga untuk merawat maloklusi Angle kelas III, termasuk maloklusi skeletal yang menyertainya. Tujuan: memaparkan perubahan dental dan skeletal setelah perawatan dengan alat cekat teknik Begg. Kasus: perempuan 20 tahun mengeluhkan gigi-gigi rahang atas ada yang tumbuh di belakang dan rahang bawah nyakil sehingga menganggu penampilan dan mengurangi rasa percaya diri. Diagnosis: Maloklusi Angle Klas III subdivisi serta hubungan skeletal klas III dengan maksila retrusif dan mandibula protusif disertai Crossbite: 12, 11, 21, 22 terhadap 34, 32,31, 41, 42, 43. Perawatan: menggunakan alat cekat teknik Begg tanpa pencabutan. Kesimpulan: Hasil menunjukkan crowded terkoreksi, overjet dan overbite terkoreksi, relasi molar menjadi klas I.   Background: Pseudo class III malocclusion characterized by disharmony between anteroposterior relationship of jaw and mandibulae position toward maxilla. This disharmony cause by normally shaped mandibles and underveloped maxillae. Pseudo clas III malocclusion is an intermediate form between class I and skeletal clas III malocclusion. The only exception was the gonial angle, which was generally more obtuse in the skeletal class III sample. Measurement of gonial angle in the pseudo class III sample was found to be rather similar to class I sample. Fixed Begg orthodontic appliance can be used to treat Angle’s class III malocclusion

  20. Synthesis of Two New Group 13 Benzoato-Chloro Complexes: A Structural Study of Gallium and Indium Chelating Carboxylates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duraj, Stan A.; Hepp, Aloysius F.; Woloszynek, Robert; Protasiewicz, John D.; Dequeant, Michael; Ren, Tong

    2010-01-01

    Two new heteroleptic chelated-benzoato gallium (III) and indium (III) complexes have been prepared and structurally characterized. The molecular structures of [GaCl2(4-Mepy)2(O2CPh)]4-Mepy (1) and [InCl(4-Mepy)2(O2CPh)2]4-Mepy (2) have been determined by single-crystal x-ray diffraction. The gallium compound (1) is a distorted octahedron with cis-chloride ligands co-planar with the chelating benzoate and the 4-methylpyridines trans to each other. This is the first example of a Ga(III) structure with a chelating benzoate. The indium compound (2) is a distorted pentagonal bipyramid with two chelating benzoates, one 4-methylpyridine in the plane and a chloride trans to the other 4-methylpyridine. The indium bis-benzoate is an unusual example of a seven-coordinate structure with classical ligands. Both complexes, which due to the chelates, could also be described as pseudo-trigonal bipyramidal, include a three-bladed motif with three roughly parallel aromatic rings that along with a solvent of crystallization and electron-withdrawing chloride ligand(s) stabilize the solid-state structures.

  1. A beleza no ritmo pseudo-dionisiano da processão/conversão Beauty within the pseudo-dyonisian rythm of the procession/conversion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipa Afonso

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available No contexto da Metafísica Medieval, a «beleza» foi pensada como um conceito ambíguo: ora atribuído a Deus, ora atribuído ao Mundo. O propósito deste artigo é clarificar o sentido desta ambiguidade no âmbito da filosofia do Pseudo-Dionísio Areopagita. Se, portanto, o conceito de «beleza» é, em primeiro lugar, despojado do seu carácter sensível e mundano, para ser apropriado à natureza divina, ele é, num segundo momento, aposto à própria criação, de forma a designar a manifestação visível da beleza transcendente e o chamamento vital para a perscrutação teológica.In the scope of Medieval Metaphysics, «beauty» has been pondered as an ambiguous concept: either attributed to God, or to the World. The aim of this article is to clarify the meaning of this ambiguity within the philosophy of the Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite. If, therefore, the concept of «beauty» is primarily withdrawn from its sensible and mundane feature in order to be appropriated to the divine nature, it is secondly apposed to creation itself so that it may designate the visible manifestation of transcendent beauty and vital call to theological pursuit.

  2. Directionally solidified pseudo-binary eutectics of Ni-Cr-/Hf,Zr/

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Y. G.; Ashbrook, R. L.

    1975-01-01

    This report is concerned with the experimental determination of pseudo binary eutectic compositions and the directional solidification of the Ni-Cr-Hf,Zr, and Ni-Cr-Zr eutectic alloys. To determine unknown eutectics, chemical analyses were made of material bled from near eutectic ingots during incipient melting. Nominal compositions in weight per cent of Ni-18.6Cr-24.0Hf, Ni-19.6Cr-12.8Zr-2.8Hf, and Ni-19.2Cr-14.8Zr formed aligned pseudo-binary eutectic structures. The melting points were about 1270 C. The reinforcing intermetallic phases were identified as noncubic (Ni,Cr)7Hf2 and (Ni,Cr)7(Hf,Zr)2, and face centered cubic (Ni,Cr)5Zr. The volume fraction of the reinforcing phases were about 0.5.

  3. Pseudo-direct bandgap transitions in silicon nanocrystals: effects on optoelectronics and thermoelectrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Vivek; Yu, Yixuan; Sun, Qi-C; Korgel, Brian; Nagpal, Prashant

    2014-12-21

    While silicon nanostructures are extensively used in electronics, the indirect bandgap of silicon poses challenges for optoelectronic applications like photovoltaics and light emitting diodes (LEDs). Here, we show that size-dependent pseudo-direct bandgap transitions in silicon nanocrystals dominate the interactions between (photoexcited) charge carriers and phonons, and hence the optoelectronic properties of silicon nanocrystals. Direct measurements of the electronic density of states (DOS) for different sized silicon nanocrystals reveal that these pseudo-direct transitions, likely arising from the nanocrystal surface, can couple with the quantum-confined silicon states. Moreover, we demonstrate that since these transitions determine the interactions of charge carriers with phonons, they change the light emission, absorption, charge carrier diffusion and phonon drag (Seebeck coefficient) in nanoscaled silicon semiconductors. Therefore, these results can have important implications for the design of optoelectronics and thermoelectric devices based on nanostructured silicon.

  4. Pseudo-spin band in the odd-odd nucleus {sup 172}Lu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Venkova, T. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Juelich, D-52425, Juelich (Germany); Institute of Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, BG-1784, Sofia (Bulgaria); Lieder, R.M.; Gast, W.; Podsvirova, E.; Jaeger, H.M.; Mihailescu, L. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Juelich, D-52425, Juelich (Germany); Bazzacco, D.; Menegazzo, R.; Lunardi, S.; Alvarez, C. Rossi; Ur, C.; Martinez, T. [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, I-35131, Padova (Italy); Angelis, G. de; Axiotis, M.; Napoli, D. [Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, I-35020, Legnaro (Italy); Urban, W.; Rzaca-Urban, T. [Institute of Experimental Physics, University of Warsaw, PL-00-681, Warszawa (Poland); Frauendorf, S. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN (United States)

    2003-09-01

    High-spin states in the odd-odd nucleus {sup 172}Lu have been populated in a {sup 170}Er({sup 7}Li,5n) reaction and the emitted {gamma}-radiation was detected with the GASP array. Two sequences of a new identical band have been observed with the transition energies in the favoured and unfavoured sequences being identical within {approx}3 keV at low spins and {approx}1 keV at high spins over the whole observed spin range. An interpretation as a pseudo-spin singlet band of {pi}1/2{sup -} [541] x {nu}1/2{sup -} [420] configuration is proposed. It represents the best example of a pseudo-spin singlet band in normal deformed nuclei known until now. (orig.)

  5. Pseudo-bimolecular [2+2] cycloaddition studied by time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brogaard, Rasmus Y; Boguslavskiy, Andrey E; Schalk, Oliver

    2011-01-01

    The first study of pseudo-bimolecular cycloaddition reaction dynamics in the gas phase is presented. We used femtosecond time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (TRPES) to study the [2+2] photocycloaddition in the model system pseudo-gem-divinyl[2.2]paracyclophane. From X-ray crystal diffraction...... measurements we found that the ground-state molecule can exist in two conformers; a reactive one in which the vinyl groups are immediately situated for [2+2] cycloaddition and a nonreactive conformer in which they point in opposite directions. From the measured S(1) lifetimes we assigned a clear relation...... between the conformation and the excited-state reactivity; the reactive conformer has a lifetime of 13 ps, populating the ground state through a conical intersection leading to [2+2] cycloaddition, whereas the nonreactive conformer has a lifetime of 400 ps. Ab initio calculations were performed to locate...

  6. The Lightest Pseudo-Goldstone Boson at Future $e^{+}e^{-}$ Colliders

    CERN Document Server

    Casalbuoni, R.; De Curtis, S.; Dominici, D.; Gatto, Raoul; Gunion, J.F.

    1999-01-01

    In a class of models of dynamical symmetry breaking not ruled out by the available data, the lightest neutral pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson P0 contains only down-type techniquarks and charged technileptons. Its mass scale is naturally determined by the b-quark and therefore it is likely to be light. As the presence of pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone bosons in models of dynamical symmetry breaking is a quite general feature, the search of the P0 at colliders is an interesting opportunity of putting limits on or discovering a dynamical electroweak symmetry breaking scenario. In this note we discuss the prospects for discovering and studying the P0 at future e+e- and gamma-gamma colliders.

  7. Adhesive Ileus Complicating Recurrent Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction in a Patient with Myasthenia Gravis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charalampos Seretis

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is considered to be one of the most frequent gastrointestinal manifestations of myasthenia gravis, accompanied by the presence of neoplasia of the thymus gland in the vast majority of the cases presented in the international literature. Despite the fact that myasthenia gravis has been implicated to be the cause of recurrent episodes of intestinal pseudo-obstruction, adhesive ileus has never been reported to complicate this – in any sense rare – condition. We present a unique case of a patient with myasthenia gravis, free of thymus neoplasia, who was submitted to emergency surgery due to the presence of extended adhesive ileus as a complication of chronic intestinal functional obstruction.

  8. Synthesis of alpha-glucosidase inhibitors: kojibiose-type pseudo-disaccharides and a related pseudotrisaccharide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogawa, S; Ashiura, M; Uchida, C

    1998-02-01

    Two kojibiose-type pseudo-disaccharides and a trisaccharide, containing a 5-amino-1,2,3,4-cyclopentanetetrol derivative or valienamine, linked by way of nitrogen bridges to the sugar residues, have been designed and synthesized as processing alpha-glucosidase I inhibitors. Synthesis of the pseudo-disaccharides was carried out starting from the coupling products of the sugar isothiocyanates and an aminocyclitol, respectively, by cyclization with mercury(II) oxide to the cyclic isoureas and subsequent deprotection. Pseudokojibiose was prepared in a poor yield by reaction of a protected valienamine and a sugar epoxide, followed by deprotection. Although the pseudooligosaccharides are all strong inhibitors of alpha-glucosidase (baker's yeast), they did not have any inhibitory potency against either sucrase isomaltase (rat intestine) or processing alpha-glucosidase (rat liver microsomes).

  9. Quark mass dependence of pseudo-scalar masses and coupling constants qq+q Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farchioni, F.; Gebert, C.; Montvay, I.; Scholz, E.; Scorzato, L.

    2004-03-01

    The dependence of pseudo-scalar masses and decay constants on the sea and valence quark masses is investigated in the pseudo- Goldstone boson sector of QCD with two light quark flavours. The sea quark masses are at present in the range {1}/{3}m s ≤ m ud ≤ {2}/{3}m s whereas the valence quark masses satisfy {1}/{2}m sea ≤ m val ≤ 2m sea. The values of the Gasser-Leutwyler low energy constants L4, L5, L6 and L8 are estimated. The computation is done with the Wilson-quark lattice action at gauge coupling β = 5.1 on 16 4 lattices. O(a) effects are taken into account by applying chiral perturbation theory for the Wilson lattice action as proposed by Rupak and Shoresh.

  10. Some considerations concerning the alchemy of the De anima in arte alchemiae of pseudo-Avicenna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moureau, Sébastien

    2009-03-01

    This article explains some essential features of the alchemical doctrine of the De anima in arte alchemiae, a treatise written in Spain during the twelfth century (in Arabic, but only the Latin translation remains), and wrongly attributed to Avicenna. It shows that pseudo-Avicenna uses alchemical principles and elixir theory directly inspired by Jabirian texts, and classification of materials influenced by al-Razi. The alchemy of pseudo-Avicenna is entirely based on operations on the four elements: the alchemist has to reduce hair, blood or eggs to their elements, and isolate one of their essential properties (warmth, coldness, moisture and dryness), so that he can change the proportion of essential properties of the body he wants to transmute into gold or silver. The preparation made from hair, blood or eggs (the isolated property) is what he calls the elixir.

  11. Reliability assessment of restructured power systems using reliability network equivalent and pseudo-sequential simulation techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ding, Yi; Wang, Peng; Goel, Lalit [Nanyang Technological University, School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Block S1, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Billinton, Roy; Karki, Rajesh [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (Canada)

    2007-10-15

    This paper presents a technique to evaluate reliability of a restructured power system with a bilateral market. The proposed technique is based on the combination of the reliability network equivalent and pseudo-sequential simulation approaches. The reliability network equivalent techniques have been implemented in the Monte Carlo simulation procedure to reduce the computational burden of the analysis. Pseudo-sequential simulation has been used to increase the computational efficiency of the non-sequential simulation method and to model the chronological aspects of market trading and system operation. Multi-state Markov models for generation and transmission systems are proposed and implemented in the simulation. A new load shedding scheme is proposed during generation inadequacy and network congestion to minimize the load curtailment. The IEEE reliability test system (RTS) is used to illustrate the technique. (author)

  12. Scintigraphic diagnosis of pseudo-arthroses following Harrington's spondylodesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bostel, F.; Georgi, P.; Springorum, H.W.; Puhl, W.

    1982-01-01

    The development of pseudoarthroses is the most common complication following operative treatment of severe scoliosis. Early recognition of this event is important to prevent recurrence of the curvature. The diagnosis is not possible by radiological examination of the rigid spine. Routine reexploration implies a second operation, which is unnecessary in the majority of patients with stable fusion. In an attempt to develop a non-invasive method for the diagnosis of pseudo-arthroses, bone scintigrams were carried out in 29 patients with idiopathic scoliosis twelve months after a Harrington's spondylodesis. In 24 patients (82.8%) a definite conclusion could be drawn, either of stable fusion (65.5%) or pseudo-arthrosis formation (17.3%). No pseudoarthroses were missed by scintigraphy. These results indicate that bone scintigraphy plays an important role in the post-operative care after Harrington's spondylodesis.

  13. Researching of the reduction of shock waves intensivity in the “pseudo boiling” layer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlov, G. I.; Telyashov, D. A.; Kochergin, A. V.; Nakoryakov, P. V.; Sukhovaya, E. A.

    2017-09-01

    This article applies to the field of acoustics and deals with noise reduction of pulsating combustion chambers, in particular the reduction of the shock waves’ intensity with the help of pseudo boiling layer. In the course of work on a test stand that included a pulsator, a compressor with the receiver and a high pressure fan was simulated gas jet flowing from the chamber pulsating combustion and studied the effect of different types of fluidization on effect of reducing the sound pressure levels. Were obtained the experimental dependence of the sound pressure levels from parameters such as: height of the layer of granules; diameter of the used granules; amplitude of the pressure pulsations in the gas stream at the entrance to the camera; frequency of pressure pulsations. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that the using of a pseudo boiling layer is promising for reducing shock wave noise.

  14. Novel Si ion implantation technique for improving the radiation hardness of SOI pseudo-MOS transistor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Yanwei [Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Materials and Application Technology, Xiangtan University, Ministry of Education, Xiangtan, Hunan 411105 (China); State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Huang, Huixiang; Bi, Dawei [State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Tang, Minghua, E-mail: mhtang@xtu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Materials and Application Technology, Xiangtan University, Ministry of Education, Xiangtan, Hunan 411105 (China); Zhang, Zhengxuan [State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China)

    2014-01-15

    The pseudo-MOS transistor is a quick and effective technique for characterizing the electrical properties of silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafer. We investigated the total ionizing dose (TID) response of pseudo-MOS transistors fabricated on SOI wafers hardened by single or multiple step Si ion implantation. It is demonstrated that the two Si ion implantation methods can both improve the radiation hardness of SOI wafers owing to the generation of deep electron traps in the buried oxide (BOX). However, the lattice damage of top silicon film caused by the single step implantation compared with the multiple degenerates the electrical properties of transistors, especially for the sub-threshold swing. The high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) was used to observe the lattice quality.

  15. Pseudo-aneurisma post-traumático de tronco de arteria coronaria izquierda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melina M. Gallo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available El pseudo-aneurisma de arteria coronaria es extremadamente raro. Su historia natural es poco conocida y su tratamiento discutido. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con pseudo-aneurisma de tronco de la coronaria izquierda e infarto antero-apical del ventrículo izquierdo cinco años después de un paro cardíaco secundario a un traumatismo no penetrante de tórax. Se consideró entonces que la lesión no era pasible de corrección percutánea o quirúrgica por lo que se optó por tratamiento médico conservador. Una angiografía coronaria por tomografía computarizada multicorte realizada 10 años después del evento inicial mostró ausencia de progresión de la lesión.

  16. "Pseudo washout" sign in high-flow hepatic hemangioma on gadoxetic acid contrast-enhanced MRI mimicking hypervascular tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doo, Kyung Won; Lee, Chang Hee; Choi, Jae Woong; Lee, Jongmee; Kim, Kyeong Ah; Park, Cheol Min

    2009-12-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe the "pseudo washout" sign of high-flow hepatic hemangioma that mimics hypervascular tumor on gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI. High-flow hemangiomas might show relatively low signal intensity because of gadoxetic acid contrast uptake in the surrounding normal liver parenchyma during the equilibrium (3-minute delay) phase. Such findings are called pseudo washout and can mimic hypervascular hepatic tumors. However, high-flow hemangioma can be diagnosed by observing bright signal intensity on T2-weighted imaging, arterial phase-dominant enhancement, pseudo washout sign during the equilibrium phase, and isointense or slightly increased signal intensity on subtraction images.

  17. Normal mode calculations of trigonal selenium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Flemming Yssing; McMurry, H. L.

    1980-01-01

    . With such coordinates a potential energy, calculated with only a diagonal force matrix, is equivalent to one calculated with both off diagonal and diagonal elements when conventional coordinates are used. Another advantage is that often some force constants may be determined directly from frequencies at points of high....... In this way we have eliminated the ambiguity in the choice of valence coordinates, which has been a problem in previous models which used valence type interactions. Calculated sound velocities and elastic moduli are also given. The Journal of Chemical Physics is copyrighted by The American Institute...

  18. Trigonal Based Copper Sites - A Natural Situation?

    OpenAIRE

    Coyle, Joanne Lyssa

    2000-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with the synthesis and characterisation of copper model compounds which are of interest in a biological context. These model compounds fall into two main classes; iminopodands and azacryptands. The iminopodands are derived from the condensation of tris(2- aminoethy1)amine (tren) or tris(3-aminoisopropy1)amine (trpn) and a range of aromatic aldehydes. The compounds invariably co-ordinated Cu(1) and the structural consequences of the flexibility are examined and systema...

  19. Pseudo colour visualization of fused multispectral laser scattering images for optical diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zabarylo, U.; Minet, O.

    2010-01-01

    Investigations on the application of optical procedures for the diagnosis of rheumatism using scattered light images are only at the beginning both in terms of new image-processing methods and subsequent clinical application. For semi-automatic diagnosis using laser light, the multispectral scattered light images are registered and overlapped to pseudo-coloured images, which depict diagnostically essential contents by visually highlighting pathological changes.

  20. On-Surface Pseudo-High Dilution Synthesis of Macrocycles: Principle and Mechanism

    OpenAIRE

    Fan, Qitang; Wang, Tao; Dai, Jingya; Kuttner, Julian; Hilt, Gerhard (Prof. Dr.); Gottfried, J. Michael; Zhu, Junfa

    2017-01-01

    Macrocycles have attracted much attention due to their specific "endless" topology, which results in extraordinary properties compared to related linear (open-chain) molecules. However, challenges still remain in their controlled synthesis with well-defined constitution and geometry. Here, we report the first successful application of the (pseudo-)high dilution method to the conditions of on-surface synthesis in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV). This approach leads to high yields (up to 84%) of cyclic ...

  1. Pseudo Prune Belly Syndrome: Diagnosis Revealed by Imaging ? A Case Report and Brief Review

    OpenAIRE

    Grover, Hemal; Sethi, Sanjay; Garg, Jatin; Ahluwalia, Amrit Pal

    2017-01-01

    Summary Background Prune Belly Syndrome (PBS) is a rare entity, usually found in male neonates. It comprises complex urinary tract anomalies, bilateral undescended testis and absence of anterior abdominal wall muscles. Patients with unilateral abdominal wall deficiency, unilateral undescended testis and female neonates with abdominal wall laxity are classified as Pseudo Prune Belly syndrome (PPBS). Reports on PPBS do not highlight the radiological and imaging characteristics of this syndrome ...

  2. The Pseudo-Newtonian Force and Potential about a Higher Dimensional Rotating Black Hole

    OpenAIRE

    Sharif, M.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we study the behavior of the pseudo-Newtonian force and potential about a higher dimensional rotating black hole. We obtain conditions for the force character from an attractive to repulsive. We also find the conditions under which force attains a maximum value. The results of this paper generalizes the already found structure of force and potential about a five dimensional rotating black hole. It is interesting to note that we recover the five dimensional results under a speci...

  3. Pseudo-atomic orbitals as basis sets for the O(N) DFT code CONQUEST

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torralba, A S; Brazdova, V; Gillan, M J; Bowler, D R [Materials Simulation Laboratory, UCL, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Todorovic, M; Miyazaki, T [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan); Choudhury, R [London Centre for Nanotechnology, UCL, 17-19 Gordon Street, London WC1H 0AH (United Kingdom)], E-mail: david.bowler@ucl.ac.uk

    2008-07-23

    Various aspects of the implementation of pseudo-atomic orbitals (PAOs) as basis functions for the linear scaling CONQUEST code are presented. Preliminary results for the assignment of a large set of PAOs to a smaller space of support functions are encouraging, and an important related proof on the necessary symmetry of the support functions is shown. Details of the generation and integration schemes for the PAOs are also given.

  4. Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction as an Initial Manifestation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Dong Jun; Yang, Jae Nam; Kang, Ji Hyuk; Park, Jung Hyun; Kim, Mal Young

    2015-01-01

    Intestinal pseudo-obstruction (IPO) is an uncommon, severe complication that occurs in a small subgroup of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). To our knowledge, approximately 30 cases of IPO in SLE have been reported in the literature. Moreover, IPO is rare as an initial manifestation of SLE. We report a case of a 43-year-old woman with SLE who initially presented with IPO. PMID:26131004

  5. Rationally Addicted to Cigarettes, Alcohol and Coffee? A Pseudo Panel Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Koksal, Aycan; Wohlgenant, Michael K.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, using pseudo panel data we analyze the relation between cigarette, alcohol, and coffee consumption within the rational addiction framework. Our purpose in this study is twofold. First, we want to get more insights about behavioral processes concerning cigarette, alcohol and coffee consumption. Second, we hope that our attempt to generalize rational addiction model to include three addictive goods will be useful to generate further research in the related literature. We found th...

  6. Treatment of end stage chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction by subtotal enterectomy and home parenteral nutrition.

    OpenAIRE

    Mughal, M M; Irving, M H

    1988-01-01

    Three cases are described of end stage chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction successfully treated by subtotal enterectomy and home parenteral nutrition (HPN). In all three patients prior use of drugs to stimulate gastrointestinal motility, antibiotics to suppress bacterial overgrowth and surgical bypass of dilated bowel had failed to alleviate the symptoms of chronic intestinal obstruction. Similarly parenteral nutrition combined with restriction of oral intake, although improving nutrition d...

  7. Concurrent Generation of Pseudo Random Numbers with LFSR of Fibonacci and Galois Type

    OpenAIRE

    Emina I. Milovanović; Stojčev, Mile K.; Igor Ž. Milovanović; Tatjana R. Nikolić; Zoran Stamenković

    2016-01-01

    We have considered implementation of parallel test pattern generator based on a linear feedback shift register (LFSR) with multiple outputs used as a building block in built-in-self-test (BIST) design within SoC. The proposed design can drive several circuits under test (CUT) simultaneously. The mathematical procedure for concurrent pseudo random number (PRN) generation is described. We have implemented LFSRs that generate two and three PRNs in FPGA and ASIC technology. The design was tested ...

  8. Holoprosencephaly with caudal dysplasia. Pseudo-trisomy 13 or a distinct entity?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hicks, R.P.B.; Aylsworth, A.S. [Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Durham, NC (United States); Timmons, M.C. [Duke Univ. Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

    1994-09-01

    We have studied three chromosomally normal patients with multiple anomalies that include holoprosencephaly and caudal dysplasia. Each has features found in patients with pseudo-trisomy 13, though each lacks malformations common in that syndrome. Patients 1 and 2 did not have polydactyly and patients 2 and 3 had no congenital heart malformation. Patient 1 is also unusual in that he does not have typical holoprosencephalic facies and is alive at age 25 months. We have also identified two other similar patients in the London Dysmorphology Database, each of which had holoprosencephaly, congenital heart malformation, and imperforate anus. Isolated caudal dysplasia and holoprosencephaly are both causally heterogeneous. They have been reported together rarely in patients with several different syndromes including chromosomal abnormalities, monogenic syndromes, teratogenic insults, and syndromes of unknown cause. Over thirty cases of {open_quotes}pseudo-trisomy 13{close_quotes} have now been reported and eight of these have had features of caudal dysplasia. There have been four with imperforate anus or anal stenosis, one with lumbosacral vertebral anomaly, and three others with bilateral renal agenesis or hypoplasia. Based on our patients and this review of other reported and unreported cases, we suggest that caudal dysplasia may be a significant clinical feature of pseudo-trisomy 13. Alternatively, holoprosencephaly and caudal dysplasia with a normal karyotype may represent a similar though distinct entity. Some may have submicroscopic chromosomal deletions. Molecular studies of regions known to be associated with holoprosencephaly are currently in progress on tissue from Patient 1. We hope these observations will stimulate reports of similarly affected patients to allow better definition of pseudo-trisomy 13 and other overlap syndromes.

  9. Miopatia pseudo-hipertrófica por cisticercose: registro de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Ines de Vilhena Lana-Peixoto

    1985-12-01

    Full Text Available O caso de uma paciente com aumento de volume das pernas, dor discreta e dificuldade para deambular é descrito. A eletromiografia mostrou potenciais de unidades motoras gigantes com padrão de interferência completo. A biópsia dos gastrocnêmius direito e esquerdo revelou presença de um cisticerco além de hipertrofia das fibras musculares e infiltrado inflamatório. A revisão da literatura demonstra que apenas 12 casos de miopatia pseudo-hipertrófica causada por cisticercos foram relatados e que a incidência é duas vezes maior no sexo masculino do que no feminino. Em cerca de metade dos casos há história de epilepsia. Dor e fraqueza muscular discretas são frequentes. Em geral a pseudo-hipertrofia ocorre nas cinturas escapular e pélvica simultaneamente. Miotonia é achado raro e nódulos subcutâneos estão presentes na maioria dos pacientes. Nosso paciente difere dos outros relatados na literatura por apresentar pseudo-hipertrofia restrita às pernas, principalmente à esquerda, com eletromiografia revelando potenciais de unidades motoras gigantes. A patogênese desta condição é discutida e o diagnóstico diferencial deve ser feito com distrofia muscular pseudo-hipertrófica, triquinose, miotonia congênita, hipotireoidismo, amiloidose e a forma juvenil da glicogenose do tipo I (doença de Pompe.

  10. Method to Develop Pseudo Three-dimensional Dental Image from Dental Panoramic Radiograph

    OpenAIRE

    Kuroda, Tomohiro; Kaga, Tetsuro; Azuma, Hiroko; Yagi, Masakazu; Kuroda, Yoshihiro; Imura, Masataka; Oshiro, Osamu; Takada, Kenji

    2011-01-01

    Although three-dimensional imaging can be a powerful tool for dentists to explain treatments to patients, obtaining of three-dimensional image of teeth in general dental clinics is difficult. This paper proposed a method to develop pseudo three-dimensional dental image from conventional dental panoramic radiograph and dental impression. The method estimates imaging parameters of given panoramic radiograph through comparison with dental cast, and re-projects the radiograph into three-dimension...

  11. Potential of polymethacrylate pseudo crown ethers as solid state polymer electrolytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moins, S; Martins, J C; Krumpmann, A; Lemaur, V; Cornil, J; Delbosc, N; Decroly, A; Dubois, Ph; Lazzaroni, R; Gohy, J-F; Coulembier, O

    2017-06-22

    The association of kinetic studies, DFT calculations and 1 H- 7 Li NMR analyses allowed the control of the cyclo-ATRP of PEG 9 DMA and the production of polymethacrylate pseudo crown-ethers of various molar masses. Their potential to act as a solid-state polymer electrolyte in Li-ion batteries has been highlighted and may come from the supramolecular organization of the cyclo-PEG forming a Li + diffusion channel.

  12. Generation of pseudo-CT from a single MRI for PET/MR attenuation correction purposes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monnier, Florian; Fayad, Hadi; Bert, Julian; Lapuyade-Lahorgue, Jerome; Hatt, Mathieu [INSERM UMR 1101, LaTIM, Brest (France); Veit-Haibach, Patrick; Delso, Gaspar [Nuclear Medicine Department, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Visvikis, Dimitris [INSERM UMR 1101, LaTIM, Brest (France)

    2014-07-29

    Current MR attenuation correction (AC) approaches suffer from the lack of precision in the detection of bone and the assigned attenuation coefficients. In general, no unique transformation of MR image intensities into attenuation coefficients exists. The purpose of this work is to derive attenuation coefficient maps from a single MR sequence through the generation of a pseudo-CT map using a derived MRI intensity - CT Hounsfield Units (HU) relationship.

  13. Pseudo-Goldstone Higgs Doublets from Non-Vectorlike Grand Unified Higgs Sector

    CERN Document Server

    Hernández, A E Cárcamo

    2016-01-01

    We present a novel way of realizing the pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson mechanism for the doublet-triplet splitting in supersymmetric grand unified theories. The global symmetries of the Higgs sector are attributed to a non-vectorlike Higgs content, which is consistent with unbroken supersymmetry in a scenario with flat extra dimensions and branes. We also show how in such a model one can naturally obtain a realistic pattern for the Standard Model fermion masses and mixings.

  14. A 3-14 GHz pseudo-differential distributed low noise amplifier

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hek, P. de; Caekenberghe, K. van; Dijk, R. van

    2010-01-01

    A 3-14 GHz pseudo-differential distributed low noise amplifier, henceforth referred to as the distributed amplifier (DA), is reported. The DA is realized in the WIN PL15-10 process, which is a 0.15 μm Al0.3Ga 0.7As/In0.5Ga0.5As low-noise depletion-mode

  15. Pseudo-Real-Time Wide Area Motion Imagery (WAMI) Processing for Dynamic Feature Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-06

    new system. This system and is difficult to upgrade. We propose a Pseudo Real-time Exploitati ( PRESA ) framework for processing WAMI fra these...other hardware determining the stream proc The PRESA framework is built upon contai computing platform to achieve the necessary full WAMI frame is...is allocate of the computing resources. Even without a PRESA framework spatially parallelizes fr which may improve feature detector perform for

  16. Novel bioactive materials: silica aerogel and hybrid silica aerogel/pseudo wollastonite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Resendiz-Hernandez, P. J.; Cortes-Hernandez, D. a.; Saldivar-Ramirez, M. M. G.; Acuna-gutierrez, I. O.; Flores-Valdes, A.; Torres-rincon, S.; Mendez-Nonell, J.

    2014-07-01

    Silica aerogel and hybrid silica aerogel/pseudo wollastonite materials were synthesized by controlled hydrolysis of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) using also methanol (MeOH) and pseudo wollastonite particles. The gels obtained were dried using a novel process based on an ambient pressure drying. Hexane and hexamethyl-disilazane (HMDZ) were the solvents used to chemically modify the surface. In order to assess bioactivity, aerogels, without and with pseudowollastonite particles, were immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF) for 7 and 14 days. The hybrid silica aerogel/pseudo wollastonite showed a higher bioactivity than that observed for the single silica aerogel. However, as in both cases a lower bioactivity was observed, a biomimetic method was also used to improve it. In this particular method, samples of both materials were immersed in SBF for 7 days followed by their immersion in a more concentrated solution (1.5 SBF) for 14 days. A thick and homogeneous bonelike apatite layer was formed on the biomimetically treated materials. Thus, bioactivity was successfully improved even on the aerogel with no pseudowollastonite particles. As expected, the hybrid silica aerogel/pseudowollastonite particles showed a higher bioactivity. (Author)

  17. The effect of pseudo-microgravity on the symbiosis of plants and microorganisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomita-Yokotani, Kaori; Maki, Asano; Aoki, Toshio; Tamura, Kenji; Wada, Hidenori; Hashimoto, Hirofumi; Yamashita, Masamichi

    The symbiosis of plants and microorganisms is important to conduct agriculture under space environment. However, we have less knowledge on whether this kind of symbiosis can be established under space condition. We examined the functional compounds responsible to symbiosis between rhizobiaum and Lotus japonicus as a model of symbiotic combination. The existence of the substances for their symbiosis, some flavonoids, have already been known from the study of gene expression, but the detail structures have not yet been elucidated. Pseudomicrogravity was generated by the 3D-clinorotation. Twenty flavonoids were found in the extracts of 16 days plants of Lotus japonicus grown under the normal gravity by HPLC. Content of two flavonoids among them was affected by the infection of Mesorhizobium loti to them. It has a possibility that the two flavonoids were key substances for their combination process. The productions of those flavonoids were confirmed also under the pseudo-microgravity. The amount of one flavonoid was increased by both infection of rhizobium and exposure to the normal and pseudo-micro gravity. Chemical species of these flavonoids were identified by LC- ESI/MS and spectroscopic analysis. To show the effects of pseudo-microgravity on the gene expression, enzymic activities related to the functional compounds are evaluated after the rhizobial infection.

  18. Directionally solidified pseudo-binary eutectics of Ni-Cr-(Hf, Zr)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Y. G.; Ashbrook, R. L.

    1975-01-01

    A pseudo-binary eutectic, in which the intermetallic Ni7Hf2 reinforces the Ni-Cr solid solution phase, was previously predicted in the Ni-Cr-Hf system by a computer analysis. The experimental determination of pseudo binary eutectic compositions and the directional solidification of the Ni-Cr-Hf, Zr, and Ni-Cr-Zr eutectic alloys are discussed. To determine unknown eutectics, chemical analyses were made of material bled from near eutectic ingots during incipient melting. Nominal compositions in weight percent of Ni-18.6Cr-24.0HF, Ni19.6Cr-12.8Zr-2.8Hf, and Ni-19.2Cr-14.8Zr formed aligned pseudo-binary eutectic structures. The melting points were about 1270 C. The reinforcing intermetallic phases were identified as noncubic (Ni,Cr)7Hf2 and (Ni,Cr)7(Hf,Zr)2, and face centered cubic (Ni,Cr)5Zr. The volume fraction of the reinforcing phases were about 0.5.

  19. Two Dutch many ’s and the structure of pseudo-partitives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy G. Ruys

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the syntax and semantics of Dutch pseudo-partitive constructions with measure nouns, such as 'drie liter water' ‘three liters of water’. The major empirical puzzle is the distribution of two Dutch instances of 'many'/'much': 'veel' and 'vele'. Unlike earlier proposals, I analyze 'veel' as a gradable adjective, and 'vele' as a numeral. It turns out that in pseudo-partitives with pure measure readings, only 'vele' can freely occur ('veel liters water' only allows a marked “liter-bottle” reading. This is puzzling, because 'veel' is otherwise allowed both with mass and count terms, and both in the singular and in the plural. I adopt the more-or-less standard right-branching syntax for Dutch pseudo-partitives (providing some new arguments for its correctness, and propose a semantics for measure nouns which, in combination with Ionin & Matushansky’s semantics for cardinals, correctly characterizes these constructions and explains where pure measure readings occur. I then show that my analysis correctly derives the behavior of 'veel' and 'vele' in these constructions, given their characterization as a gradable adjective and a numeral. This article is part of the Special Collection: Partitives

  20. Cross-correlation least-squares reverse time migration in the pseudo-time domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qingyang; Huang, Jianping; Li, Zhenchun

    2017-08-01

    The least-squares reverse time migration (LSRTM) method with higher image resolution and amplitude is becoming increasingly popular. However, the LSRTM is not widely used in field land data processing because of its sensitivity to the initial migration velocity model, large computational cost and mismatch of amplitudes between the synthetic and observed data. To overcome the shortcomings of the conventional LSRTM, we propose a cross-correlation least-squares reverse time migration algorithm in pseudo-time domain (PTCLSRTM). Our algorithm not only reduces the depth/velocity ambiguities, but also reduces the effect of velocity error on the imaging results. It relieves the accuracy requirements on the migration velocity model of least-squares migration (LSM). The pseudo-time domain algorithm eliminates the irregular wavelength sampling in the vertical direction, thus it can reduce the vertical grid points and memory requirements used during computation, which makes our method more computationally efficient than the standard implementation. Besides, for field data applications, matching the recorded amplitudes is a very difficult task because of the viscoelastic nature of the Earth and inaccuracies in the estimation of the source wavelet. To relax the requirement for strong amplitude matching of LSM, we extend the normalized cross-correlation objective function to the pseudo-time domain. Our method is only sensitive to the similarity between the predicted and the observed data. Numerical tests on synthetic and land field data confirm the effectiveness of our method and its adaptability for complex models.

  1. 3D digital image correlation using single color camera pseudo-stereo system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Junrui; Dan, Xizuo; Xu, Wan; Wang, Yonghong; Yang, Guobiao; Yang, Lianxiang

    2017-10-01

    Three dimensional digital image correlation (3D-DIC) has been widely used by industry to measure the 3D contour and whole-field displacement/strain. In this paper, a novel single color camera 3D-DIC setup, using a reflection-based pseudo-stereo system, is proposed. Compared to the conventional single camera pseudo-stereo system, which splits the CCD sensor into two halves to capture the stereo views, the proposed system achieves both views using the whole CCD chip and without reducing the spatial resolution. In addition, similarly to the conventional 3D-DIC system, the center of the two views stands in the center of the CCD chip, which minimizes the image distortion relative to the conventional pseudo-stereo system. The two overlapped views in the CCD are separated by the color domain, and the standard 3D-DIC algorithm can be utilized directly to perform the evaluation. The system's principle and experimental setup are described in detail, and multiple tests are performed to validate the system.

  2. Struma Ovarii Associated with Pseudo-Meigs’ Syndrome: A Rare Presentation of an Infrequent Tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Chhabra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Struma ovarii is an uncommon highly specialized ovarian teratoma that accounts for less than 5% of mature teratomas. It is composed predominantly of mature thyroid tissue. Thyroid tissue is observed in 5%-15% of teratomas; however, to qualify as a struma ovarii tumor, the thyroid proportion must comprise more than 50% of the overall tissue. The combination of pseudo Meigs'syndrome and elevation of CA 125 with struma ovarii is a rare condition that can mimic ovarian malignancy. The majority of strumas are benign, however occasionally malignant transformation may be seen. We have reported a case of benign struma ovarii that presented with the clinical features of advanced ovarian carcinoma: complex pelvic mass, gross ascites, bilateral pleural effusion, and markedly elevated serum CA 125 levels. The patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo oophorectomy. Ascites and pleural effusion resolved completely, and the CA 125 levels have returned to normal following surgical excision. Patients with pseudo-Meigs’ syndrome may present a diagnostic problem as they masquerade as carcinoma with malignant effusions. In addition, the coexistence of struma ovarii and pseudo-Meigs’ syndrome is a very rare event. We emphasize by this report that, despite its rarity, a differential diagnosis of struma ovarii should be included for an ovarian mass.

  3. Watery rot of pseudo-stem (Dickeya sp. management in banana (Musa sp. under greenhouse conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín Guillermo Ramírez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This crop has serious constraints with diseases, including those caused by bacteria, such as Dickeya sp. This research aimed to evaluate the effect of 4 resistance inductors and 3 doses in Chlorine Dioxide in handling watery rot of pseudo-stem (Dickeya sp. in banana. Resistance inducers and their doses were Potassium Phosphite: 1.5 cm 3 .l -1 ; 3-Aminobutanoic Acid: 1.0 g.l -1 ; Methyl Jasmonate: 0.2 g.l -1 ; S-Methyl-Acibenzolar: 0.3 ml.l -1 , all by foliar application, while Chlorine Dioxide was injected into the pseudo-stem, in doses of 10, 20 and 30 mg.l -1 . The evaluated variables were: development of the disease, total biomass and quantification of the bacterium in the inoculated pseudo-stems. Applications of Chlorine Dioxide achieved a reduction of disease by 65.4, 91.99 and 61.5%, in addition to an inhibition of 100% of the pathogen, using 30 and 50 mg.l -1 doses. Meanwhile, the use of resistance inductors reduced up to 60.6% of the disease, but this effect failed to improve plant growth.

  4. Pseudo Foster Kennedy Syndrome secondary to uncontrolled hypertension and diabetes mellitus: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kavita R Bhatnagar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pseudo-Foster Kennedy Syndrome is described as unilateral optic disc swelling with contra lateral optic atrophy in the absence of an intracranial mass causing compression of the optic nerve. This occurs typically due to bilateral sequential optic neuritis or ischemic optic neuropathy. We describe a case of pseudo-Foster Kennedy Syndrome in a 37-year-old male with unilateral papilledema secondary to malignant hypertension and pre-existing ischemic optic neuropathy in other eye preventing transmission of raised intracranial pressure to the optic nerve. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM play a significant role in pathogenesis of ischemic optic neuropathy. There is a greater correlation in patients with small disc and little to no cupping. The disorder commonly occurs in the 40-65 yrs age group. Our case is an example of Pseudo-Foster Kennedy syndrome where papilledema in one eye was associated with uncontrolled hypertension and disc pallor in fellow eye was secondary to ischemic optic neuropathy.

  5. The role of doctor and patient in the construction of the pseudo-epileptic attack disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dekkers, W; van Domburg, P

    2000-01-01

    Periodic attacks of uncertain origin, where the clinical presentation resembles epilepsy but there is no evidence of a somatic disease, are called Pseudo-Epilepsy or Pseudo-Epileptic Attack Disorder (PEAD). PEAD may be called a 'non-disease', i.e. a disorder on the fringes of established disease patterns, because it lacks a rational pathophysiological explanation. The first aim of this article is to criticize the idea, common in medical science, that diseases are real entities which exist separately from the patient, waiting to be discovered by the doctor. We argue that doctor and patient construct a disease, and that the construction of the disease PEAD includes many normative evaluations. The second aim is to provide insight into the suffering of patients with PEAD. We focus on three aspects of the patient, identity, autonomy and responsibility. We present some characteristic descriptions of (pseudo-)epileptic attacks by Fjodor Dostoevsky, Gustave Flaubert and Thomas Mann. We argue that diagnosing PEAD reduces a meaningful life event into an insignificant, though intriguing, medical phenomenon, and that the patient will not benefit from being diagnosed as having PEAD.

  6. Quaternion-based pseudo kalman filter for wearable inertial/magnetic sensor applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Jung Keun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with orientation estimation using miniature inertial/magnetic sensor comprised of a tri-axial rate gyro, a tri-axial accelerometer, and a tri-axial magnetometer. Particularly, a novel quaternion-based pseudo Kalman filter (KF is proposed by modifying an indirect KF, in order to maximize the computational efficiency and implementation simplicity. In the proposed pseudo KF, time-update process for prediction is based on the quaternion itself, while measurement-update process for correction is performed through the quaternion error. Experimental tests were conducted to verify performance of the proposed algorithm in various dynamic conditions. By designing the pseudo KF structure, matrix operations required in a typical KF are simplified. For instance, the proposed KF does not require the evaluation of the a priori and a posteriori error covariance matrices. Thus, the proposed algorithm achieves higher computational efficiency even than a typical indirect KF, without sacrificing estimation accuracy. Due to its high efficiency, the proposed algorithm can be suitable for battery-powered and low cost processor-based wearable inertial/magnetic sensor applications.

  7. Brain activity while reading words and pseudo-words: a comparison between dyslexic and fluent readers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaul, Shelley; Arzouan, Yossi; Goldstein, Abraham

    2012-06-01

    In recent years many studies have focused on brain activity differences between fluent and dyslexic readers in order to understand the neural basis of dyslexia. The aim of the current study was to examine the processing of words and pseudo-words in the two hemispheres among dyslexic as compared to fluent readers, using behavioral, and electrophysiological source estimation measures. Two matched groups of university students, fluent and dyslexic readers, performed a lexical decision task in order to examine the processes of word recognition. Dyslexic readers showed overall less activity than fluent readers, mainly during late processing stages. In addition, the distinctive patterns of activity for words and pseudo-words displayed by fluent readers were not apparent in dyslexic readers. In particular, the increased activation of left-hemisphere language areas found in response to pseudo-words was absent in dyslexics. These findings are further evidence of orthographic and phonological impairments in dyslexia. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Strain-Induced Pseudo--Magnetic Fields in Graphene: MegaGauss in Nanobubbles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Niv

    2011-03-01

    Recent theoretical proposals suggest that strain can be used to modify graphene electronic states through the creation of a pseudo--magnetic field. This effect is unique to graphene because of its massless Dirac fermion-like band structure and particular lattice symmetry (C3v). Scanning tunneling microscopy shows that graphene grown on a platinum (111) surface forms nanobubbles, which are highly strained due to thermal expansion mismatch between the film and the substrate. We find that scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements of these nanobubbles exhibit Landau levels that form in the presence of strain-induced pseudo--magnetic fields greater than 300 Tesla. This demonstration of enormous pseudo--magnetic fields opens the door to both the study of charge carriers in previously inaccessible high magnetic field regimes and deliberate mechanical control over electronic structure in graphene or so-called ``strain engineering''. In collaboration with S. A. Burke ,2 , K. L. Meaker 2 , M. Panlasigui 2 , A. Zettl 2,3 , F. Guinea 4 , A. H. Castro Neto 5 and M. F. Crommie 2,3 . 1. Present address: Department of Physics and Astronomy and Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 121, Canada. 2. Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. 3. Materials Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. 4. Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (CSIC), Madrid 28049, Spain. 5. Department of Physics, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

  9. Magnetic pseudo-fields in a rotating electron-nuclear spin system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, A. A.; Lilette, E.; Fein, Y. Y.; Perunicic, V. S.; Hollenberg, L. C. L.; Scholten, R. E.; Martin, A. M.

    2017-11-01

    Analogous to the precession of a Foucault pendulum observed on the rotating Earth, a precessing spin observed in a rotating frame of reference appears frequency-shifted. This can be understood as arising from a magnetic pseudo-field in the rotating frame that nevertheless has physically significant consequences, such as the Barnett effect. To detect these pseudo-fields, a rotating-frame sensor is required. Here we use quantum sensors, nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centres, in a rapidly rotating diamond to detect pseudo-fields in the rotating frame. Whereas conventional magnetic fields induce precession at a rate proportional to the gyromagnetic ratio, rotation shifts the precession of all spins equally, and thus primarily affect 13C nuclear spins in the sample. We are thus able to explore these effects via quantum sensing in a rapidly rotating frame, and define a new approach to quantum control using rotationally induced nuclear spin-selective magnetic fields. This work provides an integral step towards realizing precision rotation sensing and quantum spin gyroscopes.

  10. Characterization of Electron Microscopes with Binary Pseudo-random Multilayer Test Samples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    V Yashchuk; R Conley; E Anderson; S Barber; N Bouet; W McKinney; P Takacs; D Voronov

    2011-12-31

    Verification of the reliability of metrology data from high quality X-ray optics requires that adequate methods for test and calibration of the instruments be developed. For such verification for optical surface profilometers in the spatial frequency domain, a modulation transfer function (MTF) calibration method based on binary pseudo-random (BPR) gratings and arrays has been suggested [1] and [2] and proven to be an effective calibration method for a number of interferometric microscopes, a phase shifting Fizeau interferometer, and a scatterometer [5]. Here we describe the details of development of binary pseudo-random multilayer (BPRML) test samples suitable for characterization of scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopes. We discuss the results of TEM measurements with the BPRML test samples fabricated from a WiSi2/Si multilayer coating with pseudo-randomly distributed layers. In particular, we demonstrate that significant information about the metrological reliability of the TEM measurements can be extracted even when the fundamental frequency of the BPRML sample is smaller than the Nyquist frequency of the measurements. The measurements demonstrate a number of problems related to the interpretation of the SEM and TEM data. Note that similar BPRML test samples can be used to characterize X-ray microscopes. Corresponding work with X-ray microscopes is in progress.

  11. Characterization of electron microscopes with binary pseudo-random multilayer test samples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yashchuk, Valeriy V., E-mail: VVYashchuk@lbl.gov [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Conley, Raymond [NSLS-II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Anderson, Erik H. [Center for X-ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Barber, Samuel K. [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Bouet, Nathalie [NSLS-II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); McKinney, Wayne R. [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Takacs, Peter Z. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Voronov, Dmitriy L. [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Verification of the reliability of metrology data from high quality X-ray optics requires that adequate methods for test and calibration of the instruments be developed. For such verification for optical surface profilometers in the spatial frequency domain, a modulation transfer function (MTF) calibration method based on binary pseudo-random (BPR) gratings and arrays has been suggested and proven to be an effective calibration method for a number of interferometric microscopes, a phase shifting Fizeau interferometer, and a scatterometer [5]. Here we describe the details of development of binary pseudo-random multilayer (BPRML) test samples suitable for characterization of scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopes. We discuss the results of TEM measurements with the BPRML test samples fabricated from a WiSi{sub 2}/Si multilayer coating with pseudo-randomly distributed layers. In particular, we demonstrate that significant information about the metrological reliability of the TEM measurements can be extracted even when the fundamental frequency of the BPRML sample is smaller than the Nyquist frequency of the measurements. The measurements demonstrate a number of problems related to the interpretation of the SEM and TEM data. Note that similar BPRML test samples can be used to characterize X-ray microscopes. Corresponding work with X-ray microscopes is in progress.

  12. Domoic Acid Improves the Competitive Ability of Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima against the Diatom Skeletonema marinoi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily K. Prince

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Because domoic acid, a neurotoxic secondary metabolite produced by marine diatoms in the genus Pseudo-nitzschia, is hypothesized to be part of a high affinity iron uptake system, we investigated whether domoic acid could improve the competitive ability of Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima, and whether the availability of iron changed the outcome of competition experiments. We found that domoic acid had a slight negative effect on growth of the diatom Skeletonema marinoi when it was grown in monocultures. However, when S. marinoi was cultured with P. delicatissima the presence of domoic acid resulted in a reduction of S. marinoi cells by up to 38% and an increase in P. delicatissima cell numbers by up to 17% under iron replete conditions. Similar effects were not observed in low iron treatments. Domoic acid was not taken up by P. delicatissima cells. Overall, our results indicate that domoic acid can improve the competitive ability of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. and that iron is likely to be involved. This study provides an unusual example of indirect inhibition of competitor growth mediated by a secondary metabolite.

  13. Approximate Solution of Schrödinger Equation with Pseudo-Gaussian Potential Viewed as a Perturbation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Theodor-Felix Iacob; Marina Lute; Felix Iacob

    2015-01-01

    We consider the Schrödinger equation with pseudo-Gaussian potential and point out that it is basically made up by a term representing the harmonic oscillator potential and an additional term, which is actually a power...

  14. Calibration of Modulation Transfer Function of Surface Profilometers with 1D and 2D Binary Pseudo-random Array Standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yashchuk, Valeriy V.; McKinney, Wayne R.; Takacs, Peter Z.

    2008-05-19

    We suggest and describe the use of a binary pseudo-random grating as a standard test surface for calibration of the modulation transfer function of microscopes. Results from calibration of a MicromapTM-570 interferometric microscope are presented.

  15. Entropy analysis on MHD pseudo-plastic nanofluid flow through a vertical porous channel with convective heating

    OpenAIRE

    Das, S.; Banu, A.S.; Jana, R.N.; Makinde, O.D.

    2015-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the entropy generation in a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) pseudo-plastic nanofluid flow through a porous channel with convective heating. Three different types of nanoparticles, namely copper, aluminum oxide and titanium dioxide are considered with pseudo-plastic carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)–water used as base fluids. The governing equations are solved numerically by shooting technique coupled with Runge–Kutta scheme. The effects of the pertinent parameters on the fl...

  16. An ecological study of a massive bloom of toxigenic Pseudo-nitzschia cuspidata off the Washington State coast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trainer, Vera; Wells, Mark L; Cochlan, William P

    2009-01-01

    concentrations of 43 nmol L-11, 4 nmol L-1, and 63 pg cell-1, respectively. This bloom co-dominated the phytoplankton assemblage with the euglenoid Eutreptiella sp. in the Juan de Fuca eddy region, a known initiation site for toxigenic Pseudo-nitzschia blooms. Two isolates of P. cuspidata collected during......, when considering only those stations where Pseudo-nitzschia was present, pDA was positively correlated with chlorophyll a and negatively correlated with temperature (p

  17. Enzymatic saccharification and lactic acid production from banana pseudo-stem through optimized pretreatment at lowest catalyst concentration

    OpenAIRE

    Adnan, Ahmad; Idrees, Muhammad; Malik, Farnaz; Qureshi, Fahim Ashraf

    2013-01-01

    This work estimates the potential of banana pseudo-stem with high cellulosic content 42.2-63 %, for the production of fermentable sugars for lactic acid production through statistically optimized pretreatment method. To evaluate the catalyzed pretreatment efficiency of banana pseudo stem based on the enzymatic digestibility, Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was employed for the optimization of pretreatment temperature and time using lowest concentrations of H2SO4, NaOH, NaOH catalyzed Na2S ...

  18. Influence of Sintering Time on the Structure Formation of Al-ZrW2O8 Pseudo Alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shadrin, V. S.; Kulkov, S. N.

    2017-02-01

    Al - ZrW2O8 pseudo alloys were synthesized by free sintering of Al - ZrW2O8 powder mixture. Influence of sintering time on the structure formation of the pseudo alloys obtained was investigated. It has been shown that during sintering process zirconium tungstate decomposes into constituent oxides and re-synthesis of zirconium tungstate proceeds through intermediate stage - formation of WAl12 and ZrAl3 intermetallic compounds.

  19. Classification of pseudo pairs between nucleotide bases and amino acids by analysis of nucleotide–protein complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondo, Jiro; Westhof, Eric

    2011-01-01

    Nucleotide bases are recognized by amino acid residues in a variety of DNA/RNA binding and nucleotide binding proteins. In this study, a total of 446 crystal structures of nucleotide–protein complexes are analyzed manually and pseudo pairs together with single and bifurcated hydrogen bonds observed between bases and amino acids are classified and annotated. Only 5 of the 20 usual amino acid residues, Asn, Gln, Asp, Glu and Arg, are able to orient in a coplanar fashion in order to form pseudo pairs with nucleotide bases through two hydrogen bonds. The peptide backbone can also form pseudo pairs with nucleotide bases and presents a strong bias for binding to the adenine base. The Watson–Crick side of the nucleotide bases is the major interaction edge participating in such pseudo pairs. Pseudo pairs between the Watson–Crick edge of guanine and Asp are frequently observed. The Hoogsteen edge of the purine bases is a good discriminatory element in recognition of nucleotide bases by protein side chains through the pseudo pairing: the Hoogsteen edge of adenine is recognized by various amino acids while the Hoogsteen edge of guanine is only recognized by Arg. The sugar edge is rarely recognized by either the side-chain or peptide backbone of amino acid residues. PMID:21737431

  20. Classification of pseudo pairs between nucleotide bases and amino acids by analysis of nucleotide-protein complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondo, Jiro; Westhof, Eric

    2011-10-01

    Nucleotide bases are recognized by amino acid residues in a variety of DNA/RNA binding and nucleotide binding proteins. In this study, a total of 446 crystal structures of nucleotide-protein complexes are analyzed manually and pseudo pairs together with single and bifurcated hydrogen bonds observed between bases and amino acids are classified and annotated. Only 5 of the 20 usual amino acid residues, Asn, Gln, Asp, Glu and Arg, are able to orient in a coplanar fashion in order to form pseudo pairs with nucleotide bases through two hydrogen bonds. The peptide backbone can also form pseudo pairs with nucleotide bases and presents a strong bias for binding to the adenine base. The Watson-Crick side of the nucleotide bases is the major interaction edge participating in such pseudo pairs. Pseudo pairs between the Watson-Crick edge of guanine and Asp are frequently observed. The Hoogsteen edge of the purine bases is a good discriminatory element in recognition of nucleotide bases by protein side chains through the pseudo pairing: the Hoogsteen edge of adenine is recognized by various amino acids while the Hoogsteen edge of guanine is only recognized by Arg. The sugar edge is rarely recognized by either the side-chain or peptide backbone of amino acid residues.

  1. Pseudo-spectral method using rotated staggered grid for elastic wave propagation in 3D arbitrary anisotropic media

    KAUST Repository

    Zou, Peng

    2017-05-10

    Staggering grid is a very effective way to reduce the Nyquist errors and to suppress the non-causal ringing artefacts in the pseudo-spectral solution of first-order elastic wave equations. However, the straightforward use of a staggered-grid pseudo-spectral method is problematic for simulating wave propagation when the anisotropy level is greater than orthorhombic or when the anisotropic symmetries are not aligned with the computational grids. Inspired by the idea of rotated staggered-grid finite-difference method, we propose a modified pseudo-spectral method for wave propagation in arbitrary anisotropic media. Compared with an existing remedy of staggered-grid pseudo-spectral method based on stiffness matrix decomposition and a possible alternative using the Lebedev grids, the rotated staggered-grid-based pseudo-spectral method possesses the best balance between the mitigation of artefacts and efficiency. A 2D example on a transversely isotropic model with tilted symmetry axis verifies its effectiveness to suppress the ringing artefacts. Two 3D examples of increasing anisotropy levels demonstrate that the rotated staggered-grid-based pseudo-spectral method can successfully simulate complex wavefields in such anisotropic formations.

  2. Using ATTO dyes to probe bacterial interactions with the marine diatom Pseudo-nitzschia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehic, S.; Sison-Mangus, M.

    2016-02-01

    Pseudo-nitzschia blooms are known to be highly toxic and detrimental to wildlife. The neurotoxin produced by the algae can ripple through the entire food web creating a direct impact on oceanic life and human-related industries. With coastal blooms increasing in both size and duration in recent years, it is crucial that we uncover more microbial interactions that may affect the toxicity of these blooms. Current harmful algal bloom studies have shown that different bacterial consortia can have a great impact Pseudo-nitzschia physiology. More specifically, research suggests that bacteria affect both growth rates and domoic acid concentrations of laboratory grown cultures. However, these studies do not explore the attachment patterns of these bacteria with the diatom. Bacterial attachment may dictate the different types of interactions between bacteria and the diatoms, a trait that is largely unexplored in the symbiotic interactions between the two organisms. In this study, we seek to identify direct and indirect interactions between four bacteria taxa from different phyla and three different species of Pseudo-nitzschia. Our preliminary scanning electron microscopy and DAPI staining experiments hint at distinct differences in attachment among bacterial taxa. To explore this work further, we aim to employ ATTO dyes and epifluorescent microscopy on both binary and multiple cultures to visualize patterns in attachment. By utilizing ATTO dyes with distinct wavelength emissions, we can perform a series experiment that highlights the interaction between bacteria and diatoms, without inserting a fluorescent reporter gene in the bacteria. Multiple cultures will be used to identify possible cooperative or negative interactive traits between bacteria that can affect diatom host physiology. Implications on both phytoplankton physiology and nutrient cycling will be subsequently discussed.

  3. Cardiorespiratory Kinetics Determined by Pseudo-Random Binary Sequences - Comparisons between Walking and Cycling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koschate, J; Drescher, U; Thieschäfer, L; Heine, O; Baum, K; Hoffmann, U

    2016-12-01

    This study aims to compare cardiorespiratory kinetics as a response to a standardised work rate protocol with pseudo-random binary sequences between cycling and walking in young healthy subjects. Muscular and pulmonary oxygen uptake (V̇O2) kinetics as well as heart rate kinetics were expected to be similar for walking and cycling. Cardiac data and V̇O2 of 23 healthy young subjects were measured in response to pseudo-random binary sequences. Kinetics were assessed applying time series analysis. Higher maxima of cross-correlation functions between work rate and the respective parameter indicate faster kinetics responses. Muscular V̇O2 kinetics were estimated from heart rate and pulmonary V̇O2 using a circulatory model. Muscular (walking vs. cycling [mean±SD in arbitrary units]: 0.40±0.08 vs. 0.41±0.08) and pulmonary V̇O2 kinetics (0.35±0.06 vs. 0.35±0.06) were not different, although the time courses of the cross-correlation functions of pulmonary V̇O2 showed unexpected biphasic responses. Heart rate kinetics (0.50±0.14 vs. 0.40±0.14; P=0.017) was faster for walking. Regarding the biphasic cross-correlation functions of pulmonary V̇O2 during walking, the assessment of muscular V̇O2 kinetics via pseudo-random binary sequences requires a circulatory model to account for cardio-dynamic distortions. Faster heart rate kinetics for walking should be considered by comparing results from cycle and treadmill ergometry. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  4. The gravitational wave stress–energy (pseudo)-tensor in modified gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saffer, Alexander; Yunes, Nicolás; Yagi, Kent

    2018-03-01

    The recent detections of gravitational waves by the advanced LIGO and Virgo detectors open up new tests of modified gravity theories in the strong-field and dynamical, extreme gravity regime. Such tests rely sensitively on the phase evolution of the gravitational waves, which is controlled by the energy–momentum carried by such waves out of the system. We here study four different methods for finding the gravitational wave stress–energy pseudo-tensor in gravity theories with any combination of scalar, vector, or tensor degrees of freedom. These methods rely on the second variation of the action under short-wavelength averaging, the second perturbation of the field equations in the short-wavelength approximation, the construction of an energy complex leading to a Landau–Lifshitz tensor, and the use of Noether’s theorem in field theories about a flat background. We apply these methods in general relativity, Jordan–Fierz–Brans–Dicky theoy, and Einstein-Æther theory to find the gravitational wave stress–energy pseudo-tensor and calculate the rate at which energy and linear momentum is carried away from the system. The stress–energy tensor and the rate of linear momentum loss in Einstein-Æther theory are presented here for the first time. We find that all methods yield the same rate of energy loss, although the stress–energy pseudo-tensor can be functionally different. We also find that the Noether method yields a stress–energy tensor that is not symmetric or gauge-invariant, and symmetrization via the Belinfante procedure does not fix these problems because this procedure relies on Lorentz invariance, which is spontaneously broken in Einstein-Æther theory. The methods and results found here will be useful for the calculation of predictions in modified gravity theories that can then be contrasted with observations.

  5. Study of a pseudo-empirical model approach to characterize plasma actuators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marziali Bermudez, M [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, UBA, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, Buenos Aires 1428 (Argentina); Sosa, R; Artana, G [Laboratorio de Fluidodinamica, Facultad de Ingenieria, UBA, Av. Paseo Colon 850, Buenos Aires 1063 (Argentina); Grondona, D; Marquez, A; Kelly, H, E-mail: rsosa@fi.uba.ar [Instituto de Fisica del Plasma (CONICET) - Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, UBA, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, Buenos Aires 1428 (Argentina)

    2011-05-01

    The use of plasma actuators is a recent technology that imposes a localized electric force that is used to control air flows. A suitable representation of actuation enables to undertake plasma actuators optimization, to design flow-control strategies, or to analyse the flow stabilization that can be attained by plasma forcing. The problem description may be clearly separated in two regions. An outer region, where the fluid is electrically neutral, in which the flow is described by the Navier-Stokes equation without any forcing term. An inner region, that forms a thin boundary layer, where the fluid is ionized and electric forces are predominant. The outer limit of the inner solution becomes the boundary condition for the outer problem. The outer problem can then be solved with a slip velocity that is issued from the inner solution. Although the solution for the inner problem is quite complex it can be contoured proposing pseudo-empirical models where the slip velocity of the outer problem is determined indirectly from experiments. This pseudo-empirical model approach has been recently tested in different cylinder flows and revealed quite adapted to describe actuated flow behaviour. In this work we determine experimentally the influence of the duty cycle on the slip velocity distribution. The velocity was measured by means of a pitot tube and flow visualizations of the starting vortex (i.e. the induced flow when actuation is activated in a quiescent air) have been done by means of the Schlieren technique. We also performed numerical experiments to simulate the outer region problem when actuation is activated in a quiescent air using a slip velocity distribution as a boundary condition. The experimental and numerical results are in good agreement showing the potential of this pseudo-empirical model approach to characterize the plasma actuation.

  6. Implementing informative priors for heterogeneity in meta-analysis using meta-regression and pseudo data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, Kirsty M; Turner, Rebecca M; White, Ian R; Jackson, Dan; Spiegelhalter, David J; Higgins, Julian P T

    2016-12-20

    Many meta-analyses combine results from only a small number of studies, a situation in which the between-study variance is imprecisely estimated when standard methods are applied. Bayesian meta-analysis allows incorporation of external evidence on heterogeneity, providing the potential for more robust inference on the effect size of interest. We present a method for performing Bayesian meta-analysis using data augmentation, in which we represent an informative conjugate prior for between-study variance by pseudo data and use meta-regression for estimation. To assist in this, we derive predictive inverse-gamma distributions for the between-study variance expected in future meta-analyses. These may serve as priors for heterogeneity in new meta-analyses. In a simulation study, we compare approximate Bayesian methods using meta-regression and pseudo data against fully Bayesian approaches based on importance sampling techniques and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). We compare the frequentist properties of these Bayesian methods with those of the commonly used frequentist DerSimonian and Laird procedure. The method is implemented in standard statistical software and provides a less complex alternative to standard MCMC approaches. An importance sampling approach produces almost identical results to standard MCMC approaches, and results obtained through meta-regression and pseudo data are very similar. On average, data augmentation provides closer results to MCMC, if implemented using restricted maximum likelihood estimation rather than DerSimonian and Laird or maximum likelihood estimation. The methods are applied to real datasets, and an extension to network meta-analysis is described. The proposed method facilitates Bayesian meta-analysis in a way that is accessible to applied researchers. © 2016 The Authors. Statistics in Medicine Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. © 2016 The Authors. Statistics in Medicine Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Anatomical etiology of “pseudo-sciatica” from superior cluneal nerve entrapment: a laboratory investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konno T

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Tomoyuki Konno,1 Yoichi Aota,2 Hiroshi Kuniya,1 Tomoyuki Saito,1 Ning Qu,3 Shogo Hayashi,3 Shinichi Kawata,3 Masahiro Itoh3 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 2Department of Spine & Spinal Cord Surgery, Yokohama Brain and Spine Center, Yokohama, 3Department of Anatomy, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan Objective: The superior cluneal nerve (SCN may become entrapped where it pierces the thoracolumbar fascia over the iliac crest; this can cause low back pain (LBP and referred pain radiating into the posterior thigh, calf, and occasionally the foot, producing the condition known as “pseudo-sciatica.” Because the SCN was thought to be a cutaneous branch of the lumbar dorsal rami, originating from the dorsal roots of L1–L3, previous anatomical studies failed to explain why SCN causes “pseudo-sciatica”. The purpose of the present anatomical study was to better elucidate the anatomy and improve the understanding of “pseudo-sciatica” from SCN entrapment. Materials and methods: SCN branches were dissected from their origin to termination in subcutaneous tissue in 16 cadavers (5 male and 11 female with a mean death age of 88 years (range 81–101 years. Special attention was paid to identify SCNs from their emergence from nerve roots and passage through the fascial attachment to the iliac crest. Results: Eighty-one SCN branches were identified originating from T12 to L5 nerve roots with 13 branches passing through the osteofibrous tunnel. These 13 branches originated from L3 (two sides, L4 (six sides, and L5 (five sides. Ten of the 13 branches showed macroscopic entrapment in the tunnel. Conclusion: The majority of SCNs at risk of nerve entrapment originated from the lower lumbar nerve. These anatomical results may explain why patients with SCN entrapment often evince leg pain or tingling that mimics sciatica. Keywords: superior cluneal nerve, entrapment neuropathy, dorsal rami

  8. Distinguishing Chronic Poverty from Transient Poverty in Brazil: Developing a Model for Pseudo-Panel Data

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Perez Ribas; Ana Flávia Machado

    2007-01-01

    Although many studies have addressed poverty in Brazil, very few of them have analyzed the dynamic nature of this phenomenon. In order to fill this gap, this Working Paper seeks to identify the features that determine the permanence of poverty and the downward mobility into poverty of adults in urban areas. Due to the scarcity of Brazilian panel surveys, we use a ?pseudo-panel? obtained from PNAD, a cross-sectional National Household Survey. The probabilities of staying in states (poor or non...

  9. Instrumental variable method for time-to-event data using a pseudo-observation approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kjaersgaard, Maiken I S; Parner, Erik T

    2016-06-01

    Observational studies are often in peril of unmeasured confounding. Instrumental variable analysis is a method for controlling for unmeasured confounding. As yet, theory on instrumental variable analysis of censored time-to-event data is scarce. We propose a pseudo-observation approach to instrumental variable analysis of the survival function, the restricted mean, and the cumulative incidence function in competing risks with right-censored data using generalized method of moments estimation. For the purpose of illustrating our proposed method, we study antidepressant exposure in pregnancy and risk of autism spectrum disorder in offspring, and the performance of the method is assessed through simulation studies. © 2015, The International Biometric Society.

  10. Coulomb Solutions from Improper Pseudo-Unitary Free Gauge Field Operator Translations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Aste

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamental problems of quantum field theory related to the representation problem of canonical commutation relations are discussed within a gauge field version of a van Hove-type model. The Coulomb field generated by a static charge distribution is described as a formal superposition of time-like pseudo-photons in Fock space with a Krein structure. In this context, a generalization of operator gauge transformations is introduced to generate coherent states of Abelian gauge fields interacting with a charged background.

  11. Split-Capacitance and Conductance-Frequency Characteristics of SOI Wafers in Pseudo-MOSFET Configuration

    KAUST Repository

    Pirro, Luca

    2015-09-01

    Recent experimental results have demonstrated the possibility of characterizing silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers through split C-V measurements in the pseudo-MOSFET configuration. This paper analyzes the capacitance and conductance versus frequency characteristics. We discuss the conditions under which it is possible to extract interface trap density in bare SOI wafers. The results indicate, through both measurements and simulations, that the signature due to interface trap density is present in small-area samples, but is masked by the RC response of the channel in regular, large-area ones, making the extraction in standard samples problematic. © 1963-2012 IEEE.

  12. Efficient Boundary Extraction from Orthogonal Pseudo-Polytopes: An Approach Based on the D-EVM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Pérez-Aguila

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This work is devoted to contribute with two algorithms for performing, in an efficient way, connected components labeling and boundary extraction from orthogonal pseudo-polytopes. The proposals are specified in terms of the extreme vertices model in the -dimensional space (D-EVM. An overview of the model is presented, considering aspects such as its fundamentals and basic algorithms. The temporal efficiency of the two proposed algorithms is sustained in empirical way and by taking into account both lower dimensional cases (2D and 3D and higher-dimensional cases (4D and 5D.

  13. [Atypical Lewy body disease revealed by burning mouth syndrome and a pseudo-psychiatric syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varvat, J; Thomas-Anterion, C; Decousus, M; Perret-Liaudet, A; Laurent, B

    2010-05-01

    Among the degenerative diseases of the nervous system, Lewy body disease has the most psychiatric symptoms especially hallucinations, delusion and identification disorders. We report a case of Lewy body disease that started with a burning mouth syndrome for three year as the only symptom before the development of a pseudo-psychiatric syndrome (melancholy and Capgras). None of the usual cardinal criteria were present. MRI, cerebrospinal fluid, and DAT scan findings enabled the diagnosis. The dopaminergic hypothesis put forward in some cases of burning mouth syndrome might explain this symptom in Lewy body disease. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  14. Apparatus, Method, and Computer Program for a Resolution-Enhanced Pseudo-Noise Code Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Steven X. (Inventor)

    2015-01-01

    An apparatus, method, and computer program for a resolution enhanced pseudo-noise coding technique for 3D imaging is provided. In one embodiment, a pattern generator may generate a plurality of unique patterns for a return to zero signal. A plurality of laser diodes may be configured such that each laser diode transmits the return to zero signal to an object. Each of the return to zero signal includes one unique pattern from the plurality of unique patterns to distinguish each of the transmitted return to zero signals from one another.

  15. Chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction treated with jejunostomy: case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Renato dos Reis Lemos

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a very rare condition. CASE REPORT: This study describes a male patient who had presented obstructive symptoms for 24 years. He had been treated clinically and had undergone two previous operations in different services, with no clinical improvement or correct diagnosis. He was diagnosed with intestinal obstruction without mechanical factors in our service and underwent jejunostomy, which had a significant decompressive effect. The patient was able to gain weight and presented improvements in laboratory tests. Jejunostomy is a relatively simple surgical procedure that is considered palliative but, in this case, it was resolutive.

  16. Anesthetic management of a pregnant patient with pseudo-pancreatic cyst for cysto-gastrostomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shetti, Akshaya N; Dhulkhed, Vithal K; Gujarati, Amrish; Swetha, G S

    2014-01-01

    Non-obstetric diseases during pregnancy are not uncommon. The presence of systemic disease may further insult the pregnancy leading to alteration in the normal function of other system. Hence, it is important to treat the disease depending upon the severity and type of urgency. Several systemic diseases in pregnancy and management have been reported earlier but it is necessary to report a rare pathology, treatment option and its anesthetic management. We report anesthetic management of a rare case of pseudo pancreatic cyst in a pregnant lady operated for cysto-gastrostomy and also highlighting the recent guidelines for non-obstetric surgery in pregnancy.

  17. Pseudo-random Aloha for inter-frame soft combining in RFID systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castiglione, Paolo; Ricciato, Fabio; Popovski, Petar

    2013-01-01

    In this work we consider a recently proposed variant of the classical Framed Slotted-ALOHA where slot selection is based on a pseudo-random function of the message to be transmitted and of the frame index. We couple this feature with convolutional encoding, that allows to perform Inter-frame Soft...... cancellation (instead of combining). Numerical simulation results show that the ISoC scheme brings a noticeable throughput gain over traditional schemes in a dense RFID scenario with multiple concurrent Tag transmissions....

  18. La Teología Mística de Pseudo Dionisio Areopagita: una nueva lectura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo D. Boeri

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a new Spanish translation of the brief opuscule De mystica theologia (by the Christian Neoplatonic Pseudo Dyonisius Areopagita along with an introduction to the text are presented. The introduction focuses on the analysis of some points that are especially helpful to understand the text at issue: (i its history and its significance for the Neoplatonism and, more importantly, its relevance in terms of a highly original exposition of the Christian doctrine from a Neoplatonist viewpoint, (ii The importance of this text in Contemporary philosophy (Hegel, Heidegger, Wittgenstein is also noted and, finally, (iii its crucial significance for the so-called "negative theology".

  19. REVELATION OF PSEUDO-MASK OF SPIRITUAL FIGURES IN RUTH PRAWER JHABVALA'S HEAT AND DUST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naveen K. MEHTA

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The spiritual figures of Ruth Prawer Jhabvala’s Heat and Dust appear to be very shallow and mendicants. They are poor Sadhus who move from place to place like vendors selling their gods. Though, they pretend to live in a world of spirituality but in reality their feelings and emotions are earthy. Even those who come from Europe as young men and initiated, do not live a sex-free life. At this backdrop, the present paper tries to explore the world of pseudo spiritual figures in Ruth Prawer Jhabvala's Heat and Dust.

  20. Pseudo-random tool paths for CNC sub-aperture polishing and other applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Christina R; Walker, David D

    2008-11-10

    In this paper we first contrast classical and CNC polishing techniques in regard to the repetitiveness of the machine motions. We then present a pseudo-random tool path for use with CNC sub-aperture polishing techniques and report polishing results from equivalent random and raster tool-paths. The random tool-path used - the unicursal random tool-path - employs a random seed to generate a pattern which never crosses itself. Because of this property, this tool-path is directly compatible with dwell time maps for corrective polishing. The tool-path can be used to polish any continuous area of any boundary shape, including surfaces with interior perforations.

  1. A new spin-functional MOSFET based on magnetic tunnel junction technology: pseudo-spin-MOSFET

    OpenAIRE

    Shuto, Yusuke; Nakane, Ryosho; Wang, Wenhong; Sukegawa, Hiroaki; Yamamoto, Shuu'ichirou; Tanaka, Masaaki; Inomata, Koichiro; Sugahara, Satoshi

    2009-01-01

    We fabricated and characterized a new spin-functional MOSFET referred to as a pseudo-spin-MOSFET (PS-MOSFET). The PS-MOSFET is a circuit using an ordinary MOSFET and magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) for reproducing functions of spin-transistors. Device integration techniques for a bottom gate MOSFET using a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) substrate and for an MTJ with a full-Heusler alloy electrode and MgO tunnel barrier were developed. The fabricated PS-MOSFET exhibited high and low transconductanc...

  2. Comprehension of derivational morphemes in words and pseudo-words in semantic variant primary progressive aphasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noémie Auclair-Ouellet

    2014-04-01

    The results of the word condition alone cannot rule out the possibility that errors in the svPPA group were caused by difficulty in understanding words rather than in processing derivational morphemes. However, the lexical context provided in this condition did not speed-up the performance of svPPA individuals as it did in the control group. Most importantly, results from the pseudo-word condition showed that in the svPPA group, the association between the morpheme and its meaning was not performed as readily and reliably as in the control group. These results support the involvement of semantic memory in morphological processing.

  3. Síndrome de Ogilvie (pseudo-obstrução intestinal aguda: relato de caso Ogilvie's Syndrome (Acute pseudo-intestinal obstruction: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurandir Marcondes Ribas Filho

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available RACIONAL: A síndrome de Ogilvie é condição clínica com sinais, sintomas e aparência radiológica de dilatação acentuada do cólon sem causa mecânica e pode complicar com rompimento da parede do cólon e sepse abdominal. O tratamento na maioria das vezes é cirúrgico. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente feminina, 49 anos, internada com queixa de dor abdominal e diarréia e apresentando-se confusa, desidratada, taquicárdica, dispnéica, temperatura de 38ºC, abdômen distendido, ausência de ruídos hidro-aéreos e toque retal com fezes pastosas. Estudo radiográfico mostrou padrão de pseudo-obstrução intestinal. A paciente evoluiu com parada de eliminação de gases e fezes e sinais de abdômen agudo infeccioso. Foi submetida à laparotomia com achado de ceco e transverso bastante dilatados e sem sinal de obstrução mecânica. Realizada colectomia subtotal com fechamento do coto distal e ileostomia terminal. CONCLUSÃO: Pensar nessa possibilidade diagnóstica e agir mais rapidamente é a única possibilidade de diminuir a morbimortalidade desses pacientes.BACKGROUND: The Ogilvie's Syndrome is a clinical condition with signals, symptoms and radiological appearance of large bowel swell without mechanical cause. This obstruction can complicate with disruption of the bowel and consequent evolution of abdominal sepse. The treatment is typically surgical. AIM: The aim of this work is report a case of Ogilvie's Syndrome. CASE REPORT: Feminine patient, 49 years-old, interned with a history of abdominal pain and diarrhea and presenting dehydratation, tachycardia , dyspnea, mental confusion, 38ºC of temperature, distended abdomen, absence of hydro-aerial noises and rectal touch with pasty excrements. The x-ray showed a standard of pseudo-intestinal obstruction. The patient evolved with stop of elimination of farts and excrements and signals of infectious acute abdomen. The laparotomy showed cecum and transverse very swelled without signal of

  4. Pseudo-voluntary migration: the case of internal migration system in former Yugoslavia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damir Josipovič

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Migration theory has been dichotomised from several different analytical perspectives. The aim of this article is to view migration movements in a holistic scheme taking into account the geographical factors shaping migration patterns at both the point of origin and destination, rather than on the conceptualizations involving the built-in dualisms. The former Yugoslavia with its myriad of cases shows that migration has to be viewed without biased international or internal lenses. Furthermore, the author argues that the migration movements were instead part of a more or less organized system which tended to create circumstances, possibilities and/or impossibilities to migrate. In this way, instead of classifying migrations as either forced or voluntary, the concept of pseudo-voluntary migration movements was proposed. In changing the perspective in which migrations are view in this, the article draws extensively on the moorings theory developed by Bruce Moon. The author gives an updated framework for individual or small group migration analysis. The latter is supplemented by a set of variables and factors in order to make a further use possible at the level of international or internal migration. The author argues that the internal Yugoslav migration system between 1945 and 1991 should be viewed within a framework of potentially coerced, semi-coerced or ‘pseudo-voluntary migration’.

  5. Pseudo-observations for "soft" bias correction aimed at multi-variable impact studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Peter; Bosshard, Thoams; Yang, Wei

    2017-04-01

    Correcting biases in climate model simulations is likely to affect climate change signals, which is not necessarily justified. Observations have high uncertainty in themselves, and in the case of gridded observations they should be treated as models rather than an actual truth. One might, e.g., be better off by retaining small scale information from a climate model, rather than imposing that from interpolated gauge observations with some more or less sparse gauge network. For some variables, there are even too few gauges, such that a spatial grid is not supported. Keeping the model solution might then be a better approach than attempting to correct the climate model to spatially incorrect data. Here, we present a method for creating a pseudo-observational data set which retains small scale features from a core regional climate model simulation, while correcting larger scale features according to different gridded or purely gauge based data sets. Then, a set of regional climate projections are bias corrected toward the pseudo-observational data, and applied for an assessment of future fire risk for the forests of Sweden. The applied fire weather model takes daily precipitation and the 1200UTC value of temperature, wind and relative humidity, which makes it a sensitive system to different bias correction approaches.

  6. Pseudo-hyperelastic model of tendon hysteresis from adaptive recruitment of collagen type I fibrils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciarletta, Pasquale; Dario, Paolo; Micera, Silvestro

    2008-02-01

    Understanding the functional relationship between the viscoelasticity and the morphology of soft collagenous tissues is fundamental for many applications in bioengineering science. This work presents a pseudo-hyperelastic constitutive theory aiming at describing the time-dependant hysteretic response of tendons subjected to uniaxial tensile loads. A macroscopic tendon is modeled as a composite homogeneous tissue with the anisotropic reinforcement of collagen type I fibrils. The tissue microstructure is considered as an adaptive network of fibrillar units connected in temporary junctions. The processes of breakage and reformation of active fibrils are thermally activated, and are occurring at random times. An internal softening variable and a dissipation energy function account for the adaptive arrangement of the fibrillar network in the pseudo-hyperelastic model. Cyclic uniaxial tensile tests have been performed in vitro on porcine flexor digital tendons. The theoretical predictions fit accurately the experimental stress-strain data both for the loading and the unloading processes. The hysteresis behavior reflects the improvement in the efficiency and performance of the motion of the muscle-tendon unit at high strain rates. The results of the model demonstrate the microstructural importance of proteoglycans in determining the functional viscoelastic adaptability of the macroscopic tendon.

  7. Evaluation of esophageal intramural pseudo-diverticulosis using high-resolution manometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aimi, Masahito; Mikami, Hironobu; Izumi, Daisuke; Okimoto, Eiko; Tada, Yasumasa; Mishiro, Tsuyoshi; Ishimura, Norihisa; Ishihara, Shunji; Kinoshita, Yoshikazu

    2016-10-01

    Esophageal intramural pseudo-diverticulosis (EIPD) is a rare disease characterized by multiple small flask-shaped pouches in the esophageal wall, with the predominant symptom of chronic progressive or intermittent dysphagia. However, its etiology and pathogenesis remain unknown. We present a case of EIPD evaluated with high-resolution manometry in a 75-year-old man with food impaction after eating beef, who came to our emergency department. The patient experienced similar episodes three times previously, though the cause was unknown. Computed tomography (CT) findings revealed diffuse wall thickness in the upper intrathoracic esophagus, while esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed multiple small depressions and several white plaque patches, and a barium meal esophagogram showed characteristic multiple small outpouching areas. From these findings, we diagnosed the patient with EIPD. In addition, high-resolution manometry revealed strong contractions in the distal esophagus. We started an administration of isosorbide dinitrate, because abnormal esophageal motility may have been causative of the condition and development of pseudo-diverticulosis. Thereafter, the patient had a good clinical course without food impaction. Elevated intra-esophageal luminal pressure caused by abnormal esophageal motility seems to be an important factor in the pathogenesis of EIPD in some cases.

  8. Transformation of mode-2 internal solitary wave over a pseudo slope-shelf

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Ming-Hung; Hsieh, Chih-Min; Hsu, John R.-C.; Hwang, Robert R.

    2017-09-01

    Numerical simulations are performed to investigate the effect of wave amplitude in a numerical wave tank on the evolution of a convex mode-2 internal solitary wave (ISW) propagating over a pseudo slope-shelf. A finite volume method based on a Cartesian grid system is adopted to solve the Navier-Stokes equations using Improved Delayed Detached Eddy Simulation model for the turbulent closure. Numerical results reveal three types of waveform during wave generation on the flat bottom: (1) pseudo vortex shedding in the case of very large initial amplitude; (2) PacMan phenomenon in large amplitude; and (3) smooth mode-2 ISW for small amplitude. During wave propagation on the plateau, the first type of waveform induces a quasi-elevated mode-1 ISW; the second generates chaotic internal waves with significant reduction in amplitude; while the third renders a slightly deformed mode-2 ISW across the plateau. Moreover, the decrease in the magnitude of leading trough is more intense than that in the leading crest due to strong wave-obstacle interaction in the case of very large initial wave amplitude.

  9. Pyrolytic oil of banana (Musa spp.) pseudo-stem via fast process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdullah, Nurhayati; Sulaiman, Fauziah; Taib, Rahmad Mohd [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM Pulau Pinang (Malaysia); Miskam, Muhamad Azman [Science and Engineering Research Centre, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang (Malaysia)

    2015-04-24

    This study was an attempt to produce bio-oil from banana pseudo-stem, a waste of banana cultivation, using fast pyrolysis technology. The compositions were determined and the thermal degradation behaviour of the raw material was analyzed using Perkin-Elmer Simultaneous Thermal Analyzer (STA) 6000. A 300 g/h fluidized bed bench scale fast pyrolysis unit, assembled with double screw feeders and cyclones, operating at atmospheric pressure, was used to obtain the pyrolysis liquid. The study involves the impact of the following key variables; the reactor temperature in the range of 450–650 °C, and the residence time in the range of 1.00–3.00 s. The particle size was set at 224-400 µm. The properties of the liquid product were analyzed for calorific heating value, pH value, conductivity, water and char content. The basic functional groups of the compositions were also determined using FTIR. The properties of the liquid product were compared with other wood derived bio-oil. The pyrolysis liquids derived from banana pseudo-stem were found to be in an aqueous phase.

  10. [A Case of Pseudo-Meigs Syndrome Associated with Metachronous Ovarian Metastasis from Ascending Colon Cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yachi, Takafumi; Nishikawa, Shinsuke; Tokura, Tomohisa; Iwama, Masahiro; Akaishi, Takanobu; Umehara, Minoru; Umehara, Yutaka; Murata, Akihiko; Takahashi, Kenichi; Morita, Takayuki

    2015-10-01

    We experienced a case of pseudo-Meigs syndrome associated with metachronous metastasis to the ovary from ascending colon cancer. A 65-year-old woman underwent curative surgery for ascending colon cancer at another hospital. A follow-up CT carried out 3 months after the surgery revealed a right ovarian tumor and a large amount of ascites. The patient was diagnosed with ovarian metastasis from ascending colon cancer with carcinomatous peritonitis. Palliative care was recommended, and she presented at our department for a second opinion. In spite of a large amount of ascites and pleural effusion, no disseminating tumor was detected on contrast-enhanced CT at our hospital, and we recommended that she undergo a diagnostic laparotomy. The laparotomy was negative for carcinomatous peritonitis and a right oophorectomy was performed. The histopathological findings indicated that the ovarian tumor was consistent with metastasis from ascending colon cancer. After the surgery, we initiated chemotherapy with mFOLFOX6+bevacizumab and the symptoms were well controlled. A follow-up CT carried out 11 months after the surgery revealed a left ovarian tumor and increased ascites, and the patient underwent a left oophorectomy. Then, chemotherapy with the same regimen was administered for 12 months, and she did not develop any signs of recurrence for 27 months after the surgery. Ovarian metastasis from colon cancer may occasionally cause pseudo-Meigs syndrome, and it is important to be aware of the usefulness of oophorectomy for the control of ascites and pleural effusion.

  11. A DIALOGIC ENLIGHTENMENT PERSPECTIVE; APPROACH TO THE OTTOMAN AND EUROPEAN RELATIONS IN PSEUDO-ORIENTAL LETTERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Hasan BAKTIR

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available It is commonly held that pseudo-oriental letters used anOriental mask to comment on contemporary European society andmanners; Eastern contexts, proverbs, customs and culture were thoughtto be supplementary to the central theme. Therefore, the representationof the Ottoman Orient in the letters was taken as of mostly illustrative(Conant, 157-61. However, it is not illuminating to argue that pseudoorientalletters were mainly concerned with the discussion ofcontemporary social and political issues. We can find more thanillusion in the letters in terms of the representation of the OttomanOrient. We will survey the historical process can disclose theinteraction between Europe and the Orient and unravel the consistentspirit which reinforced the negotiation between East and West. Thecritical perspectives in the Turkish Spy and Persian Letters blended thepositive and negative aspects of the two worlds; the pseudo-orientalletters amalgamated the familiar and unfamiliar, ridiculous and seriousfacets of the Eastern and Western cultures. The use of Orientalnarrators worked as a metaphor for the intellectual and culturaltransformation of Eastern and Western perceptions of each other. Thistransformation created a critical narrative tradition where Eastern andWestern values had contact, clashed, and found a way to get rid ofreligious prejudice. Using Bakhtin’s concept of dialogy, the presentpaper aims to discuss how the two continents interanimated each otherby disclosing the serious and absurd aspects of the two cultures.

  12. Flight Control Design for an Autonomous Rotorcraft Using Pseudo-Sliding Mode Control and Waypoint Navigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallory, Nicolas Joseph

    The design of robust automated flight control systems for aircraft of varying size and complexity is a topic of continuing interest for both military and civilian industries. By merging the benefits of robustness from sliding mode control (SMC) with the familiarity and transparency of design tradeoff offered by frequency domain approaches, this thesis presents pseudo-sliding mode control as a viable option for designing automated flight control systems for complex six degree-of-freedom aircraft. The infinite frequency control switching of SMC is replaced, by necessity, with control inputs that are continuous in nature. An introduction to SMC theory is presented, followed by a detailed design of a pseudo-sliding mode control and automated flight control system for a six degree-of-freedom model of a Hughes OH6 helicopter. This model is then controlled through three different waypoint missions that demonstrate the stability of the system and the aircraft's ability to follow certain maneuvers despite time delays, large changes in model parameters and vehicle dynamics, actuator dynamics, sensor noise, and atmospheric disturbances.

  13. Finite Element Analysis of the Pseudo-elastic Behavior of Shape Memory Alloy Truss and Beam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal M. Bajoria

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The pseudo-elastic behavior of Shape memory alloy (SMA truss and cantilever beam are investigated. Brinson’s one-dimensional material model, which uses the twinned and detwinned martensite fractions separately as internal variables, is applied in the algorithm to establish the SMA stress-strain characteristics. This material model also incorporates different young’s modulus for austenitic and martensite phase to represent the true SMA characteristics. In this model, a cosine function was used to express the evolution of the stress induced martensite fractions during the forward and reverse martensite phase transformation. A finite element formulation for the SMA truss member considering the geometric nonlinearity is proposed and the results are compared with the corresponding linear analysis. As a step forward, a finite element formulation for an SMA cantilever beam with an applied end moment is proposed. The load displacement characteristic for both the loading and unloading phases are considered to check the full pseudo-elastic hysteretic loop. In the numerical investigation, the stress-strain variation along the beam depth is also examined during the loading and unloading process to investigate the forward and reverse martensite phase transformation phenomena. Newton-Raphson’s iterative method is applied to get convergence to the equilibrium for each loading steps. During a complete loading-unloading process, the temperature is kept constant as the model is essentially an isothermal model. Numerical simulation is performed considering two different temperatures to demonstrate the effect of temperature on the hysteretic loop.

  14. On-Surface Pseudo-High-Dilution Synthesis of Macrocycles: Principle and Mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Qitang; Wang, Tao; Dai, Jingya; Kuttner, Julian; Hilt, Gerhard; Gottfried, J Michael; Zhu, Junfa

    2017-05-23

    Macrocycles have attracted much attention due to their specific "endless" topology, which results in extraordinary properties compared to related linear (open-chain) molecules. However, challenges still remain in their controlled synthesis with well-defined constitution and geometry. Here, we report the successful application of the (pseudo-)high-dilution method to the conditions of on-surface synthesis in ultrahigh vacuum. This approach leads to high yields (up to 84%) of cyclic hyperbenzene ([18]-honeycombene) via an Ullmann-type reaction from 4,4″-dibromo-meta-terphenyl (DMTP) as precursor on a Ag(111) surface. The mechanism of macrocycle formation was explored in detail using scanning tunneling microscopy and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy. We propose that the dominant pathway for hyperbenzene (MTP)6 formation is the stepwise desilverization of an organometallic (MTP-Ag)6 macrocycle, which forms via cyclization of (MTP-Ag)6 chains under pseudo-high-dilution conditions. The high probability of cyclization on the stage of the organometallic phase results from the reversibility of the C-Ag bond. The case is different from that in solution, in which cyclization typically occurs on the stage of a covalently bonded open-chain precursor. This difference in the cyclization mechanism on a surface compared to that in solution stems mainly from the 2D confinement exerted by the surface template, which hinders the flipping of chain segments necessary for cyclization.

  15. Pseudo Open Drain IO Standards Based Energy Efficient Solar Charge Sensor Design on 20nm FPGA

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kalia, K; Pandey, B; Nanda, K

    2015-01-01

    In this paper an approach is made to design Pseudo open drain IO standards Based Energy efficient solar charge sensor design on 20nm and 28nm technology. We have used LVCMOS18, POD10, POD10_DCI and POD12 I/O standard. In this design, we have taken two main parameters for analysis that are frequen......In this paper an approach is made to design Pseudo open drain IO standards Based Energy efficient solar charge sensor design on 20nm and 28nm technology. We have used LVCMOS18, POD10, POD10_DCI and POD12 I/O standard. In this design, we have taken two main parameters for analysis...... solar charge inverter. We also observed maximum total power reduction in LVCMOS18 (Artix-7 FPGA) as compared to other I/O standards at 10 GHz. Also there is maximum total power reduction in POD12 (Ultra Scale Kintex) as compared to other I/O standards at 2 GHz. There is also a significant change...... in device static, I/O power and Clock Power....

  16. The Pseudo Radiation Energy Amplifier (PREA) and the mean earth s ground temperature

    CERN Document Server

    Boucenna, Ahmed

    2008-01-01

    From the radiation balance diagram illustrating the IPCC reports one can estimate the power received by Earth from the sun at Pin = 342 W/m2 and the power consumed, remitted and reflected by the earth and its atmosphere at Pout = 599 kW/m2. It seems that the earth emits more power than it receives. The earth s ground mean temperature is estimated at 15 C. A calculation based on the black body radiation theory gives an earth s ground mean temperature of the order of -18 C which is much lower than 15 C. The important gap between these calculated and estimated temperature mean values requires an explanation. Here we show that a gray body separated from vacuum by an interface and submitted to outside incident radiation can behave like a Pseudo Radiation Energy Amplifier. The Earth which is a gray body separated from the space by an interface, behaves like a Pseudo Radiation Energy Amplifier. The balance of the energy exchanged between Earth and outer space is reconsidered and the 15 C Earth s ground temperature m...

  17. Tannins and Tannin-Related Derivatives Enhance the (Pseudo-)Halogenating Activity of Lactoperoxidase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gau, Jana; Prévost, Martine; Van Antwerpen, Pierre; Sarosi, Menyhárt-Botond; Rodewald, Steffen; Arnhold, Jürgen; Flemmig, Jörg

    2017-05-26

    Several hydrolyzable tannins, proanthocyanidins, tannin derivatives, and a tannin-rich plant extract of tormentil rhizome were tested for their potential to regenerate the (pseudo-)halogenating activity, i.e., the oxidation of SCN- to hypothiocyanite -OSCN, of lactoperoxidase (LPO) after hydrogen peroxide-mediated enzyme inactivation. Measurements were performed using 5-thio-2-nitrobenzoic acid in the presence of tannins and related substances in order to determine kinetic parameters and to trace the LPO-mediated -OSCN formation. The results were combined with docking studies and molecular orbital analysis. The -OSCN-regenerating effect of tannin derivatives relates well with their binding properties toward LPO as well as their occupied molecular orbitals. Especially simple compounds like ellagic acid or methyl gallate and the complex plant extract were found as potent enzyme-regenerating compounds. As the (pseudo-)halogenating activity of LPO contributes to the maintenance of oral bacterial homeostasis, the results provide new insights into the antibacterial mode of action of tannins and related compounds. Furthermore, chemical properties of the tested compounds that are important for efficient enzyme-substrate interaction and regeneration of the -OSCN formation by LPO were identified.

  18. Dilemma of green and pseudo green architecture based on LEED norms in case of developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadjavad Mahdavinejad

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Achieving sustainable and eco-friendly architecture is one of the main objectives that humans for creating a better life have made as the ultimate model for all their professional activities. For this reason, moving towards a greener architecture is considered the main goal of the contemporary architecture of our time. The goal of this study is to analyse architectural projects that have been already performed in the Middle East countries in terms of their compatibility with actual concepts of sustainability and their required green criteria. Therefore, for the sake of review and study, this paper is intended to discover up to what level the sustainability rating system such as LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design can be effective in rating contemporary architectural projects. Studies indicate three concepts for analysing contemporary architecture and have found to be descriptive: (1 green, (2 pseudo green and (3 energy-monger. The studies have also shown that some of the projects, although trying to display sustainable architecture concepts in appearance, in reality they turned out not to be sustainable enough. In latter steps, this paper intends to evaluate and examine the effectiveness of the LEED rating system. In evaluating LEED rating system, the results inferred indicate that the system is intended more for programming than actual designing purposes and is not an efficient instrument for analysing architectural design process. Analysis based on this study suggests that, for moving from pseudo green to green architecture, it is necessary to use design-oriented patterns.

  19. Improving the pseudo-randomness properties of chaotic maps using deep-zoom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machicao, Jeaneth; Bruno, Odemir M

    2017-05-01

    A generalized method is proposed to compose new orbits from a given chaotic map. The method provides an approach to examine discrete-time chaotic maps in a "deep-zoom" manner by using k-digits to the right from the decimal separator of a given point from the underlying chaotic map. Interesting phenomena have been identified. Rapid randomization was observed, i.e., chaotic patterns tend to become indistinguishable when compared to the original orbits of the underlying chaotic map. Our results were presented using different graphical analyses (i.e., time-evolution, bifurcation diagram, Lyapunov exponent, Poincaré diagram, and frequency distribution). Moreover, taking advantage of this randomization improvement, we propose a Pseudo-Random Number Generator (PRNG) based on the k-logistic map. The pseudo-random qualities of the proposed PRNG passed both tests successfully, i.e., DIEHARD and NIST, and were comparable with other traditional PRNGs such as the Mersenne Twister. The results suggest that simple maps such as the logistic map can be considered as good PRNG methods.

  20. Growth, Toxin Production and Allelopathic Effects of Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries under Iron-Enriched Conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobrinho, Bruna Fernanda; de Camargo, Luana Mocelin; Sandrini-Neto, Leonardo; Kleemann, Cristian Rafael; Machado, Eunice da Costa; Mafra, Luiz Laureno

    2017-10-24

    In order to assess the effects of Fe-enrichment on the growth and domoic acid (DA) production of the toxigenic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries, static cultures that received the addition of different iron (Fe) concentrations were maintained for 30 days. Intra- and extracellular DA concentrations were evaluated over time, and growth and chain-formation were compared to those of non-toxic diatoms, Bacillaria sp. Growth rates of P. multiseries (μ = 0.45-0.73 d-1) were similar among cultures containing different Fe concentrations. Likewise, the similar incidence and length of P. multiseries stepped cell chains (usually 2-4; up to 8-cell long) among the treatments reinforces that the cultures were not growth-inhibited under any condition tested, suggesting an efficient Fe acquisition mechanism. Moreover, DA concentrations were significantly higher under the highest Fe concentration, indicating that Fe is required for toxin synthesis. Bacillaria sp. reached comparable growth rates under the same Fe concentrations, except when the dissolved cell contents from a P. multiseries culture was added. The 50-70% reduction in cell density and 70-90% decrease in total chlorophyll-a content of Bacillaria sp. at early stationary growth phase indicates, for the first time, an allelopathic effect of undetermined compounds released by Pseudo-nitzschia to another diatom species.