WorldWideScience

Sample records for provocatively definitive title

  1. 20 CFR 660.300 - What definitions apply to the regulations for workforce investment systems under title I of WIA?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What definitions apply to the regulations for workforce investment systems under title I of WIA? 660.300 Section 660.300 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT... INVESTMENT SYSTEMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT § 660.300 What definitions apply to the...

  2. Provocative Video Scenarios

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caglio, Agnese

    This paper presents the use of ”provocative videos”, as a tool to support and deepen findings from ethnographic investigation on the theme of remote videocommunication. The videos acted as a resource to also investigate potential for novel technologies supporting continuous connection between...

  3. [Chronic urticaria. Provocation test].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez Camarasa, J M

    1976-01-01

    Sixty patients of ages ranging from 11 to 64, with chronic urticaria from 2 months to 50 years duration, were studied with the provocation test. We found responses in 33.3% of patients. Tartrazine was the most common inducer, specially in those patients sensitive to aspirin with increased salicilate blood levels. As we did not use aspirin as inducer the results with tartrazine are more relevant and can be used to detect a positive response to aspirin. The relation between tartrazine and aspirin was not observed in patients with pressure or cholinergic urticaria. The provocation test is most useful in patients with chronic urticaria of unknown cause. 4 hydroxybenzoic acid and sodium acid and sodium benzoate were the more common inducers in the latter patients. We feel that the provocation test is a useful tool to study patients with chronic urticaria. Tartrazine, 4 hydroxybenzoic acid, sodium benzoate, tiramin and penicilin are included in the test. The responders should eliminate the offender from their diet.

  4. On Provocation, Education and Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    This essay develops an affect-based theory of entrepreneurial entrepreneurship education, something we summarise in a model of provocation-based entrepreneurial entrepreneurship education (the E3 model). Taking its starting point in an anecdote that illustrates the importance of provocation...... in processes of learning entrepreneurship, this article responds to previous calls for less economised entrepreneurship education focusing on its creative-relational nature. An affect-based theory of E3 brings together provocation, deterritorialisation (uprooting) and decoding/imagination, which calls for both...... critique and creativity, and resonates with appreciations of paralogy as driver in learning processes. The implications of this conceptual model of learning entrepreneurship entrepreneurially are discussed, with particular focus on the role of the pedagogue and on the future of learning entrepreneurship....

  5. 8 CFR 103.12 - Definition of the term “lawfully present” aliens for purposes of applying for Title II Social...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... aliens for purposes of applying for Title II Social Security benefits under Public Law 104-193. 103.12... applying for Title II Social Security benefits under Public Law 104-193. (a) Definition of the term an...-Haitian entrants, as defined in section 202(b) Pub. L. 99-603, as amended; (iv) Family Unity beneficiaries...

  6. 38 CFR 8.0 - Definitions of terms used in connection with title 38 CFR, part 8, National Service Life Insurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions of terms used in connection with title 38 CFR, part 8, National Service Life Insurance. 8.0 Section 8.0 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS NATIONAL SERVICE LIFE INSURANCE Applications § 8.0 Definitions of terms used in...

  7. Interpretation of growth hormone provocative tests

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, A M; Orskov, H; Ranke, M B

    1995-01-01

    To compare interpretations of growth hormone (GH) provocative tests in laboratories using six different GH immunoassays (one enzymeimmunometric assay (EIMA, assay 1), one immunoradiometric assay (IRMA, assay 5), one time-resolved fluorimmunometric assay (TRFIA, assay 3) and three radioimmunoassays...... (RIAs, assays 2, 4 and 6)), aliquots of peak samples from GH provocative tests were distributed between the four participating laboratories, quantified in the respective immunoassays and interpreted according to the cut-off values for provocative tests defined for each assay method. There was a high...

  8. Title and title page.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peh, W C G; Ng, K H

    2008-08-01

    The title gives the first impression of a scientific article, and should accurately convey to a reader what the whole article is about. A good title is short, informative and attractive. The title page provides information about the authors, their affiliations and the corresponding author's contact details.

  9. Bullying by Definition: An Examination of Definitional Components of Bullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsmid, Susan; Howie, Pauline

    2014-01-01

    Lack of definitional consensus remains an important unresolved issue within bullying research. This study examined the ability of definitional variables to predict overall level of victimisation (distress, power inequity, and provocation as predictors) and bullying (intention to harm, power inequity, and provocation as predictors) in 246…

  10. Aesthetic, Functional and Conceptual Provocation in Research Through Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raptis, Dimitrios; Jensen, Rikke Hagensby; Kjeldskov, Jesper

    2017-01-01

    how to use provocation in research through design. Towards this end, we report on a field study with four families that used an aesthetically, functionally and conceptually provocative future probe. The purpose of the probe was to challenge existing energy consuming practices through provocation...... and make its users reflect on them. The paper describes how all three provocative aspects were addressed, and our findings demonstrate how they were experienced in the real world, and how they impacted our research through design approach. We conclude by presenting reflections on how to design provocations......, and reflections on the impact of provocations for research through design in general....

  11. Reframing Practice through Provocative Co-design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Lotte; Poulsen, Søren Bolvig; Morelli, Nicola

    2013-01-01

    changes in organisations, as it has the ability to force a shift in face (Goffman 1967) and the potential to motivate and enable stakeholders to reframe practice and initiate change initiatives. This is done by focusing on a service design project in which a provocative assignment in a co-design workshop...... triggered a key stakeholder to implement a change in an existing service in a public hospital. However, we will also argue that provocation should be supported with a dynamic attitude from the designer in the social interaction....

  12. The hyperventilation provocation test in panic disorder

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spinhoven, P.; Onstein, E. J.; Sterk, P. J.; Le Haen-Versteijnen, D.

    1992-01-01

    Forty-eight patients with DSM-III-R Panic Disorder underwent a hyperventilation provocation Test (HVPT). Twenty-four patients rated the symptoms induced during the HVPT as similar to those occurring during panic attacks in daily life. Contrary to the classical hyperventilation model of panic, no

  13. Provocative behavior of a victim and its difference from the provocation of a crime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeriy Anatolyevich Cherepakhin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective to define the main elements of provocative behavior of a victim and its difference from the provocation of a crime. Methods dialectic approach to the study of social phenomena and historical and comparativelegal methods for the study of legal reality. Results scientific grounding of theoreticallegal bases of the ldquoprovocationrdquo institution and formulating proposals for improving its legislative regulation and increasing the efficiency of its law enforcement. Scientific novelty the article presents the author39s classification of the types and forms of provocative activity in the norms of both the General and the Specific parts. Practical value summarizing and analysis of the modern empirical data on the practice of implementation of the norms containing the features of provocation and elaboration of organizational and methodological recommendations based on the authorrsquos research. nbsp

  14. Aesthetic, Functional and Conceptual Provocation in Research Through Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raptis, Dimitrios; Jensen, Rikke Hagensby; Kjeldskov, Jesper

    2017-01-01

    how to use provocation in research through design. Towards this end, we report on a field study with four families that used an aesthetically, functionally and conceptually provocative future probe. The purpose of the probe was to challenge existing energy consuming practices through provocation...... and make its users reflect on them. The paper describes how all three provocative aspects were addressed, and our findings demonstrate how they were experienced in the real world, and how they impacted our research through design approach. We conclude by presenting reflections on how to design provocations...

  15. Nasal provocation test using allergen extract versus cold dry air provocation test: which and when?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Young Hyo; Jang, Tae Young

    2013-01-01

    Nasal provocation tests (NPTs) are useful for evaluation of patients with allergic rhinitis. The cold dry air (CDA) provocation test is useful for evaluation of patients with nonspecific nasal hyperreactivity (NHR). This study aimed to determine whether the NPT or CDA provocation would be more useful for patients with different clinical pictures. We evaluated changes in nasal symptoms (visual analog scale [VAS]) and acoustic parameters after NPT or CDA provocation in healthy volunteers (group A, n = 27), patients with allergic rhinitis (group B, n = 20), and subjects with nonallergic rhinitis (group C, n = 26). According to their subjective cold hyperresponsiveness (SCH), we compared changes in VAS and acoustic parameters after each protocol. The correlation between results of the skin-prick test (SPT) and changes in VAS after each protocol was analyzed. Finally, we performed an analysis of correlation between NPT and CDA provocation. After NPT, group B showed a larger change in VAS for rhinorrhea, sneezing, and itching (p < 0.01). After CDA challenge, the change in VAS for nasal obstruction was larger in group C (p < 0.05). Changes in acoustic parameters were larger in groups B and C after NPT (p < 0.01). After CDA challenge, the SCH(+) group (n = 49) showed a larger decrease of acoustic parameters than the SCH(-) group (n = 24; p < 0.01). Significant correlation was observed between the size of SPT and degree of change in VAS after NPT. No significant correlation was observed between NPT and CDA. CDA could be an adjunct tool for evaluating NHR in patients with self-reported SCH.

  16. Philosophical Provocation: The Lifeblood of Clinical Ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCullough, Laurence B

    2017-02-01

    The daily work of the clinical ethics teacher and clinical ethics consultant falls into the routine of classifying clinical cases by ethical type and proposing ethically justified alternatives for the professionally responsible management of a specific type of case. Settling too far into this routine creates the risk of philosophical inertia, which is not good either for the clinical ethicist or for the field of clinical ethics. The antidote to this philosophical inertia and resultant blinkered vision of clinical ethics is sustained, willing exposure to philosophical provocation. The papers in this clinical ethics issue of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy provide just such philosophical provocation related to core topics in clinical ethics: the distinction between clinical practice and clinical research; telemedicine, or medicine at a distance; illness narratives; the concept of the placebo effect; and sex reassignment. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press, on behalf of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy Inc. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  17. The Power of the Provocative: Exploring World History Content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashkettle, Bryan L.

    2013-01-01

    This study addresses how my freshman world history students come to understand controversial issues as provocative within the secondary social studies classroom, and in what ways does their engagement with provocative issues influence their understanding of the content and the world around them. In addition, this research study seeks to discover…

  18. Symptoms suggestive of dumping syndrome after provocation in patients after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzovaras, George; Papamargaritis, Dimitris; Sioka, Eleni; Zachari, Eleni; Baloyiannis, Ioannis; Zacharoulis, Dimitris; Koukoulis, George

    2012-01-01

    Dumping syndrome is a well-known complication after upper gastrointestinal (GI) surgery. There are scarce data in the literature about the incidence of dumping after bariatric operations but, certainly no relation between this syndrome and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been attempted. We conducted a prospective clinical study in order to evaluate the potential presence, incidence and severity of Dumping syndrome after LSG. Thirty one non-diabetic morbidly obese patients (eight male, 23 female) eligible for LSG were evaluated. Median age was 38 (22-58 years) and mean body mass index (BMI) was 45.55 (± 5.37). The diagnosis of dumping syndrome was based on clinical provocation of signs and symptoms using an oral glucose challenge before and 6 weeks after the operation. The Sigstad's dumping score was estimated in order to separate dumpers from non-dumpers, and the Arts questionnaire was completed to distinguish between early and late dumping. Moreover, blood glucose levels during the oral glucose challenge were measured. No patient had symptoms of dumping after provocation preoperatively, whereas after LSG 9 patients (29%) experienced definite dumping and other 5 patients (16%) symptoms suggestive of dumping syndrome. Arts' questionnaire demonstrated that dumping occurrence after LSG was associated with early symptoms. Late hypoglycaemia occurred in one patient. A significant proportion of patients after LSG experienced dumping syndrome upon provocation. It seems that LSG should no longer be considered as a pure restrictive procedure, and it might be an option for heavy sweeters by changing their food tolerance patterns.

  19. Odor provocation test for laryngeal hypersensitivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gartner-Schmidt, Jackie L; Rosen, Clark A; Radhakrishnan, Nandhakumar; Ferguson, Berrylin J

    2008-05-01

    This study was to present an odor provocation/challenge test for laryngeal hypersensitivity in a suspected odor induced dysphonic patient. The second aim was to rule out secondary gain from organic laryngeal hypersensitivity. Two steps were taken for this purpose. First, because the evaluation of hypersensitivity may be affected by the perception of odor, the study investigated laryngeal hypersensitivity during nasal and oral breathing separately to disentangle possible cognitive reactions to odors. Second, a healthy control (HC) participant was used with the identical testing protocol for nasal breathing to minimize unbiased results. The HC's response to nasal breathing of the odors showed no response to all the stimuli. The participant with possible secondary gain issues responded differently to the odors when presented nasally versus orally. Oral breathing showed less severe and less frequent laryngeal hypersensitive reactions. This suggests that laryngeal hypersensitivity was either due to the odor, cognitive information, sensory changes in olfaction leading to psychological conditioning, or for any possible secondary gain. Hence, it is difficult to indicate the precise reason (cause and effect) for the participant's laryngeal hypersensitivity; however, this study describes the first structured, controlled, repeatable, and randomized design to investigate odor induced laryngeal hypersensitivity and decipher possible secondary gain from true laryngeal hypersensitivity.

  20. Can magnetic resonance imaging accurately predict concordant pain provocation during provocative disc injection?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Chang Ho; Kim, Yun Hwan; Kim, Jung Hyuk; Chung, Kyoo Byung; Sung, Deuk Jae [Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Lee, Sang-Heon [Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Seoul (Korea); Derby, Richard [Spinal Diagnostics and Treatment Center, Daly City, CA (United States); Stanford University Medical Center, Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Stanford, CA (United States)

    2009-09-15

    To correlate magnetic resonance (MR) image findings with pain response by provocation discography in patients with discogenic low back pain, with an emphasis on the combination analysis of a high intensity zone (HIZ) and disc contour abnormalities. Sixty-two patients (aged 17-68 years) with axial low back pain that was likely to be disc related underwent lumbar discography (178 discs tested). The MR images were evaluated for disc degeneration, disc contour abnormalities, HIZ, and endplate abnormalities. Based on the combination of an HIZ and disc contour abnormalities, four classes were determined: (1) normal or bulging disc without HIZ; (2) normal or bulging disc with HIZ; (3) disc protrusion without HIZ; (4) disc protrusion with HIZ. These MR image findings and a new combined MR classification were analyzed in the base of concordant pain determined by discography. Disc protrusion with HIZ [sensitivity 45.5%; specificity 97.8%; positive predictive value (PPV), 87.0%] correlated significantly with concordant pain provocation (P < 0.01). A normal or bulging disc with HIZ was not associated with reproduction of pain. Disc degeneration (sensitivity 95.4%; specificity 38.8%; PPV 33.9%), disc protrusion (sensitivity 68.2%; specificity 80.6%; PPV 53.6%), and HIZ (sensitivity 56.8%; specificity 83.6%; PPV 53.2%) were not helpful in the identification of a disc with concordant pain. The proposed MR classification is useful to predict a disc with concordant pain. Disc protrusion with HIZ on MR imaging predicted positive discography in patients with discogenic low back pain. (orig.)

  1. Provocation, Hostility, Aggression, and Victimization: Firefighters and Incarcerated Felons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, E. Carlene; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Examines self-reported histories of victimization among two groups of men. Violence, provocation, hostility, and aggression inventories were administered to a prosocial group of firefighters and an antisocial group of incarcerated felons. Fourteen of the 15 possible behavioral-abuse correlations were significant when both groups were considered…

  2. Provocative Pedagogies in e-Learning: Making the Invisible Visible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Anne

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to explore the experiences of participants (practicing teachers) involved in an online course entitled: "Reflective Practice for Teachers." Using a provocative pedagogy in the course, the teachers were challenged to confront beliefs and assumptions about teaching and learning and become active participants in the…

  3. Specificity and sensitivity assessment of selected nasal provocation testing techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edyta Krzych-Fałta

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nasal provocation testing involves an allergen-specific local reaction of the nasal mucosa to the administered allergen. Aim: To determine the most objective nasal occlusion assessment technique that could be used in nasal provocation testing. Material and methods : A total of 60 subjects, including 30 patients diagnosed with allergy to common environmental allergens and 30 healthy subjects were enrolled into the study. The method used in the study was a nasal provocation test with an allergen, with a standard dose of a control solution and an allergen (5,000 SBU/ml administered using a calibrated atomizer into both nostrils at room temperature. Early-phase nasal mucosa response in the early phase of the allergic reaction was assessed via acoustic rhinometry, optical rhinometry, nitric oxide in nasal air, and tryptase levels in the nasal lavage fluid. Results : In estimating the homogeneity of the average values, the Levene’s test was used and receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted for all the methods used for assessing the nasal provocation test with an allergen. Statistically significant results were defined for p < 0.05. Of all the objective assessment techniques, the most sensitive and characteristic ones were the optical rhinometry techniques (specificity = 1, sensitivity = 1, AUC = 1, PPV = 1, NPV = 1. Conclusions : The techniques used showed significant differences between the group of patients with allergic rhinitis and the control group. Of all the objective assessment techniques, those most sensitive and characteristic were the optical rhinometry.

  4. Provocative design for unprovocative designers : Strategies for triggering personal dilemmas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ozkaramanli, D.; Desmet, P.M.A.; Lloyd, Peter; Bohemia, Erik

    2016-01-01

    Traditional design approaches stimulate the creation of products that make daily interactions more efficient, comfortable, and pleasant. In contrast, provocative design approaches, such as critical design, have a different focus: they aim to challenge the status quo through products that expose

  5. Discontinuation of tube feeding in young children by hunger provocation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kindermann, Angelika; Kneepkens, Corneille Marie Francois; Stok, Anita; van Dijk, Elisabeth Maria; Engels, Michelle; Douwes, Adriaan Cornelis

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Pathological food refusal (PFR) is not rare in young children with chronic conditions requiring prolonged tube feeding. We investigated whether these children could be weaned from tube feeding with a multidisciplinary hunger provocation program. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included

  6. The Effects of a Provocation on Aggression for Three Types of Alcohol Users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, Joseph J.; Randoph, Daniel Lee

    1982-01-01

    Investigated the effects of a provocation on aggression for three types of alcohol users. The results indicated that the provocation elicited significantly more feelings of hostility and verbal aggression. However, there were no significant level effects, nor a significant interaction between level of drinking and presence of a provocation.…

  7. Reactivity to laboratory stress provocation predicts relapse to cocaine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Back, Sudie E; Hartwell, Karen; DeSantis, Stacia M; Saladin, Michael; McRae-Clark, Aimee L; Price, Kimber L; Moran-Santa Maria, Megan M; Baker, Nathaniel L; Spratt, Eve; Kreek, Mary Jeanne; Brady, Kathleen T

    2010-01-01

    Cocaine dependence is a chronic relapsing disorder characterized by periods of abstinence and high rates of return to drug using behavior. Elevated levels of stress have been associated with relapse to cocaine; however, the nature of this association is not well understood. The relationship between reactivity to three human laboratory provocations and relapse to cocaine was investigated. Participants were 53 cocaine-dependent individuals who were admitted for a 2-day inpatient stay during which a psychosocial provocation (i.e., the Trier Social Stress Task), a pharmacological provocation (i.e., administration of 1 microg/kg corticotrophin releasing hormone; CRH), and a drug cue exposure paradigm were completed. Adrenocortico-trophic hormone (ACTH), cortisol, heart rate, and subjective cocaine craving and stress were assessed at baseline and at multiple time points post-task. Participants' cocaine use was monitored for approximately 1 month following testing. The majority (72.3%) of participants relapsed to cocaine during the follow-up period. In response to the CRH and drug cue exposure, elevated subjective craving and stress were significant predictors of cocaine use during follow-up. In response to the Trier, attenuated neuroendocrine responses were significant predictors of cocaine use. The findings provide further evidence of the ability of laboratory paradigms to predict relapse. The observed associations between stress reactivity and subsequent cocaine use highlight the clinical importance of the findings. Predictors of relapse may vary based on the type of provocation utilized. Interventions aimed at normalizing stress response, as measured using laboratory paradigms, may prove useful in relapse prevention. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

  8. Inhaled Mannitol as a Laryngeal and Bronchial Provocation Test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tay, Tunn Ren; Hoy, Ryan; Richards, Amanda L; Paddle, Paul; Hew, Mark

    2017-03-01

    Timely diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD), more recently termed "inducible laryngeal obstruction," is important because VCD is often misdiagnosed as asthma, resulting in delayed diagnosis and inappropriate treatment. Visualization of paradoxical vocal cord movement on laryngoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosis, but is limited by poor test sensitivity. Provocation tests may improve the diagnosis of VCD, but the diagnostic performance of current tests is less than ideal. Alternative provocation tests are required. This pilot study demonstrates the feasibility of using inhaled mannitol for concurrent investigation of laryngeal and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Consecutive patients with suspected VCD seen at our institution's asthma clinic underwent flexible laryngoscopy at baseline and following mannitol challenge. VCD was diagnosed on laryngoscopy based on inspiratory adduction, or >50% expiratory adduction of the vocal cords. Bronchial hyperresponsiveness after mannitol challenge was also assessed. We evaluated the interrater agreement of postmannitol laryngoscopy between respiratory specialists and laryngologists. Fourteen patients with suspected VCD in the context of asthma evaluation were included in the study. Mannitol provocation demonstrated VCD in three of the seven patients with normal baseline laryngoscopy (42.9%). Only two patients had bronchial hyperresponsiveness. There was substantial interrater agreement between respiratory specialists and laryngologists, kappa = 0.696 (95% confidence interval: 0.324-1) (P = 0.006). Inhaled mannitol can be used to induce VCD. It is well tolerated and can evaluate laryngeal and bronchial hyperresponsiveness at the same setting. Copyright © 2017 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Internal disc derangement in patients with low back pain: correlation of MR imaging and provocative discography and CT discography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Hye Won [Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cheon, Jung Eun; Hong, Sung Hwan; Kang, Heung Sik; Lee, Ji Ho; Oh, Joo Han [College of Medicine, Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Jeon, Pyoung [National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-11-01

    The aim of this study was to correlate the MR imaging abnormalities of the lumbar intervertebral discs, with emphasis being placed on the high intensity zone (HIZ) with the use of discography for pain provocation and disc morphologic evaluation of the disc. Consecutive patients with low back pain unresponsive to conservative treatment, and who were being considered for spinal fusion had MRI performed, and this was followed by lumbar discography. The MR imaging, discography and CT discography (CTD) were evaluated for all of the 19 patients. Forty-three lumbar discs in 19 patients were included in this study. The findings of MR and CTD images were evaluated retrospectively with the professional opinion and agreement of two radiologists. MR images were assessed for the presence or absence of decreased T2-wighted signal intensity, decreased disc height, annular bulging, HIZ on T2-weighted images and disc herniation. The results of pain provocation were graded as 0, nonconcordant pain; 1, definite pain, but only as part of the symptom complex; 2, concordant pain. The morphology of CTD was analyzed for presence or absence of disc degeneration, radial tearing and extravasation of the contrast agent. The presence of radial tearing was defined as contrast extension to the outer third of the annulus. The prevalence of all MR abnormalities was calculated, and the data were compared with disc morphologic characteristics and the pain response on provocative discography. We used the chi-square test to analyze the results. Grade 1 and 2 discogenic pain was observed in 8 (19%) and 12 disc levels (28%), respectively. All of the seven non-degenerated discs on MR had no pain response. The decreased SI on T2-weighted image, annular bulging and HIZ were significantly correlated with discogenic pain. Extravasation of contrast media had good correlation with annular bulging and disc herniation on MRI. Radial tearing on CT discography correlated significantly with HIZ. The HIZ was

  10. Empathy Inhibits Aggression in Competition: The Role of Provocation, Emotion, and Gender.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanger, Nicholas; Kavussanu, Maria; McIntyre, David; Ring, Christopher

    2016-02-01

    Although the empathy-aggression relationship has been well documented, research has yet to establish whether emotions mediate and gender moderates this relationship in athletes, under conditions of low and high provocation. In this experiment, we assigned team-sport athletes to either a high (n = 40) or a low (n = 40) empathy group, and asked them to compete in a reaction-time task against a (fictitious) opponent, under conditions of low and high provocation. Empathy reduced aggression (i.e., intensity of electrical shock administered to the opponent) at low provocation in men, and at both low and high provocation in women. Guilt mediated the effect of empathy on aggression at low provocation in men; anger did not mediate any effects of empathy on aggression. Our findings indicate that the inhibitory effect of empathy on aggression and the mediating role of guilt are moderated by provocation and gender.

  11. 'Being sick a lot, often on each other': students' alcohol-related provocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Lori F; Monrouxe, Lynn V

    2014-03-01

    Many medical students consume alcohol in excess, which can compromise their professionalism and increase their risk of future alcohol dependency. Just one study in Japan has examined the social influences of alcohol consumption among medical students. Eighty-six per cent (n = 821) of their respondents reported experiencing some form of alcohol-related harassment since the beginning of medical school. No similar research has been conducted in the UK. A cross-sectional online questionnaire of medical students at three British medical schools. In total, 216 students answered questions regarding their experiences of alcohol-related provocation (as targets and instigators), the rate of occurrence of events and their distress following acts of provocation. An open-ended question enabled respondents to report personal experiences of alcohol-related provocation. Seventy-five per cent (n = 162) of respondents reported experiencing alcohol-related provocation during the past year, with 49.1% (n = 106) reporting instigating acts of provocation. The most prevalent experience (both for targets and instigators) was coercion to drink an entire alcoholic beverage at once as part of a game. Most acts of alcohol-related provocation generated little or no distress. Males were significantly more likely to experience some events than females. Thirty-two personal narratives of alcohol-related provocation were reported (only three reported resisting provocation). Thematic analysis identified three themes with differing power relations: ongoing 'peer-peer provocation' as a commonplace social activity, hierarchical 'peer provocation' at initiation ceremonies and 'team-mate provocation' at sports socials as bonding exercises. The tone of the narratives depended on the context in which the events described occurred. Alcohol-related provocation occurs among some UK medical students and may present professionalism issues to medical students. Medical schools may wish to integrate more teaching

  12. Indirect bronchial provocation tests in childhood asthma : Monitoring short-term treatment changes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kersten, Elin

    2015-01-01

    In this thesis, we used indirect bronchial provocation tests to monitor treatment changes in asthmatic children. Indirect bronchial provocation tests assess the response of the airways to stimuli that act on inflammatory cells present in the airways. The response to indirect stimuli is greater in

  13. A study of drug eruptions by provocative tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Das J

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Sixty cases of drug eruptions were observed during the period of one year. The incidence of drug eruption was 0.47% amongst all Dermatology O.P.D. attendances. Male to female ratio was 7:3. The highest number of cases were seen in the age group of 21-30 years. Fixed drug eruptions were the most frequent (58.3%, followed by urticaria and angioedema (20%. The drug sulphonamides (including co-trimoxazole accounted for the highest number of eruptions (35%. The other drugs which were responsible for the eruptions, in order of frequency, were oxyphenbutazone, ampicillin, analgin, penicillin, tetracycline, ibuprofen, paracetamol, phenylbutazone, acetaminophen and phenobarbitone. The causative drug (s were confirmed by provocation tests in 42 (70% cases.

  14. Concussion Recovery Phase Affects Vestibular and Oculomotor Symptom Provocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheever, Kelly M; McDevitt, Jane; Tierney, Ryan; Wright, W Geoffrey

    2017-11-30

    Vestibular and oculomotor testing is emerging as a valuable assessment in sport-related concussion (SRC). However, their usefulness for tracking recovery and guiding return-to-play decisions remains unclear. Therefore the purpose of this study was to evaluate their clinical usefulness for tracking SRC recovery. Vestibular and oculomotor assessments were used to measure symptom provocation in an acute group (n=21) concussed≤10 days, prolonged symptoms group (n=10) concussed ≥16 days (median=84 days), healthy group (n=58) no concussions in >6 months. Known-groups approach was used with three groups at three time points (initial, 2-week and 6-week follow-up). Provoked symptoms for Gaze-Stabilization (GST), Rapid Eye Horizontal (REH), Optokinetic Stimulation (OKS), Smooth-Pursuit Slow (SPS) and Fast (SPF) tests, total combined symptoms scores and near point convergence (NPC) distance were significantly greater at initial assessment in both injury groups compared to controls. Injury groups improved on the King-Devick test and combined symptom provocation scores across time. The acute group improved over time on REH and SPF tests, while the prolonged symptoms group improved on OKS. A regression model (REH, OKS, GST) was 90% accurate discriminating concussed from healthy. Vestibular and ocular motor tests give valuable insight during recovery. They can prove beneficial in concussion evaluation given the modest equipment, training and time requirements. The current study demonstrates that when combined, vestibular and oculomotor clinical tests aid in the detection of deficits following a SRC. Additionally, tests such as NPC, GST, REH, SPS, SPF OKS and KD provide valuable information to clinicians throughout the recovery process and may aid in return to play decisions. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  15. 32 CFR 644.68 - Title Clearance-Certificate of Title and Title Insurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Title Clearance-Certificate of Title and Title... (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Acquisition Procurement of Title Evidence, Title Clearance, and Closings § 644.68 Title Clearance—Certificate of Title and Title Insurance. (a) Curative action...

  16. FCJ-161 Productive Provocations: Vitriolic Media, Spaces of Protest and Agonistic Outrage in the 2011 England Riots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony McCosker

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The intense social upheaval that spread through a number of UK cities in the riots and protests of August, 2011 signalled the terrifying speed with which passionate disaffection can turn to uncontained violence. At stake in the dense and volatile debate that ensued, and in the acts of violence themselves, were contests over spaces as well as competing models of democracy, publics and citizenship, including the appropriate use of social media. Within these debates, almost universally, rational deliberative discourse and action is assumed to be the only route to legitimate “civil” society. So what is to be made of the violent physical contest over city squares, streets and property, as well as contests over acts of participation and demonstration played out online through the hundreds of eyewitness videos posted to sites like YouTube and the endless flow of often vitriolic words in blogs, comments spaces and social network sites? This paper uses a video posted to YouTube titled ‘Clapham Junction Speaker (London Riots 2011’ to examine the passion and provocation that flowed beyond the city streets to enliven, intensify and sustain forms of protest and civic engagement. We argue that the aggressive and antagonistic tenor of the Speaker’s twenty minute monologue, the bitter vitriol that flowed through the comments space, and even the act of posting it constitute significant elements of a generative, ‘agonistic’ public, to use Chantal Mouffe’s term, that operates in multiple spaces and outside of the rationalising discourse demanded by mainstream media and government. This paper develops a richer understanding of these spaces of protest, and the concept of provocation central to these events.

  17. Title IX Resource Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2015

    2015-01-01

    Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX) prohibits discrimination based on sex in education programs and activities in federally funded schools at all levels. If any part of a school district or college receives any Federal funds for any purpose, all of the operations of the district or college are covered by Title IX. The essence…

  18. EMG and cardiovascular responses to emotionally provocative photographs and text.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Livesay, J R; Porter, T

    1994-08-01

    Previous studies on the psychophysiology of human emotion have repeatedly shown general and occasionally specific facial EMG (mu v) and covert cardiovascular response relationships to emotionally provocative photographs. Less clear are the relationships between psychophysiological response indices measured during the silent reading of emotionally charged versus emotionally neutral text. In this study, 12 adult subjects were presented two emotionally loaded color and black-and-white photographs and two brief newspaper articles, one emotionally charged and the other emotionally neutral in content. Each independent stimulus was presented for 1 min., preceded by a rest according to a multiple baseline-reversal design. Subjects evaluated each pictorial and textual stimulus condition according to adjective dimensions on 7-point rating scales. Mean values for corrugator supercilii EMG (mu v), upper trapezius EMG (mu v), surface temperature (degrees F), and heart rate (bpm) measured by finger photoplethysmography were measured during each rest and test period. Significant increases in the subjects' mean corrugator supercilii EMG (mu v) measures were observed during all color and black-and-white photograph presentations for both emotional and neutral content. As predicted, the subjects' mean corrugator supercilii EMG (mu v) measures increased significantly while silently reading text with an obvious unpleasant emotional tone. A significant positive relationship was observed between the subjects' mean ratings and mean corrugator EMG (mu v) difference values for the emotionally loaded color photographs.

  19. Psychobiological characteristics of dissociative identity disorder: a symptom provocation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinders, A A T Simone; Nijenhuis, Ellert R S; Quak, Jacqueline; Korf, Jakob; Haaksma, Jaap; Paans, Anne M J; Willemsen, Antoon T M; den Boer, Johan A

    2006-10-01

    Dissociative identity disorder (DID) patients function as two or more identities or dissociative identity states (DIS), categorized as 'neutral identity states' (NIS) and 'traumatic identity states' (TIS). NIS inhibit access to traumatic memories thereby enabling daily life functioning. TIS have access and responses to these memories. We tested whether these DIS show different psychobiological reactions to trauma-related memory. A symptom provocation paradigm with 11 DID patients was used in a two-by-two factorial design setting. Both NIS and TIS were exposed to a neutral and a trauma-related memory script. Three psychobiological parameters were tested: subjective ratings (emotional and sensori-motor), cardiovascular responses (heart rate, blood pressure, heart rate variability) and regional cerebral blood flow as determined with H(2)(15)O positron emission tomography. Psychobiological differences were found for the different DIS. Subjective and cardiovascular reactions revealed significant main and interactions effects. Regional cerebral blood flow data revealed different neural networks to be associated with different processing of the neutral and trauma-related memory script by NIS and TIS. Patients with DID encompass at least two different DIS. These identities involve different subjective reactions, cardiovascular responses and cerebral activation patterns to a trauma-related memory script.

  20. North Korea's choice of the types of provocation against South Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Hyun Haeng

    2013-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This research starts from the question of how North Korea decides upon the types of its provocations against the South. To find the answer, the author divides the major provocations into three periods, according to their characteristics, and examines how the major decisive factors of the Norths crisis policy making, such as military strength, relations with China and the Soviet Union (Russia), regime stability, and economic power, aff...

  1. Painful and provocative events scale and fearlessness about death among Veterans: Exploratory factor analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poindexter, Erin K; Nazem, Sarra; Forster, Jeri E

    2017-01-15

    The interpersonal theory of suicide suggests three proximal risk factors for suicide: perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and acquired capability. Previous literature indicates that repetitive exposure to painful and provocative events is related to increased acquired capability for suicide. Despite this, research related to the assessment of painful and provocative events has been insufficient. Research has inconsistently administered the Painful and Provocative Events Scale (PPES; a painful and provocative events assessment), and no study has examined the factor structure of the English PPES. This study explored the factor structure of the PPES and the relation between factors and fearlessness about death. The sample was a cross-sectional, self-report study comprised of 119 Veterans (Mage = 46.5, SD = 13.5). Findings from an exploratory factor analysis indicated a four-factor solution for the PPES; however, no factor from the PPES significantly related to fearlessness about death (measured by the Acquired Capability for Suicide Scale - Fearlessness About Death Scale; all p >.21). Cross-sectional, small Veteran sample. Findings suggest that the PPES lacks the psychometric properties necessary to reliably investigate painful and provocative factors. Consequently, this measure may not reliably capture and explain how painful and provocative events relate to fearlessness about death, which is a barrier to improving suicide risk assessment and prediction. Recommendations for the construction of a new PPES are offered. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  2. The effects of a provocation on aggression for three types of alcohol users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, J J; Randolph, D L

    1982-04-01

    Investigated the effects of a provocation on aggression for three types of alcohol users. The Alcohol Use Inventory was used to select 30 light-moderate and 30 moderate drinkers. Thirty abstainers were selected as a control group. Half of each group was assigned randomly to one of two treatments, a provocation or a no-provocation. After treatment, each S completed the Adjective Rating Form (ARF) verbal aggression scales and the Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist (MAACL). The results of this study indicated that, for both instruments, the provocation elicited significantly more feelings of hostility and verbal aggression than the no-provocation. However, there were no significant level effects, nor was there a significant interaction between level of drinking and presence of a provocation. The failure to find significant level effects was attributed to the abstainers' scores. With the abstainer category excluded from the analysis, additional findings resulted in significant level effects for the MAACL hostility scales, but not for the ARF verbal aggression scales. It was recommended that future studies investigate risk factors of abstinence and eliminate the abstainer category as a control.

  3. 77 FR 52116 - Title VI; Final Circular

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-28

    ... enforcement of Title VI disparate impact regulations, it did not undermine the validity of those regulations... streamlined this process. We have modified the definition of ``disparate impact'' for clarity. We decline to... process reengineering. In response, FTA will review the public engagement plan and its implementation when...

  4. Evaluation of a provocative dyspnea severity score in acute heart failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    AbouEzzeddine, Omar F; Lala, Anuradha; Khazanie, Prateeti P; Shah, Ravi; Ho, Jennifer E; Chen, Horng H; Pang, Peter S; McNulty, Steven E; Anstrom, Kevin J; Hernandez, Adrian F; Redfield, Margaret M

    2016-02-01

    The acute heart failure (AHF) Syndromes International Working Group proposed that dyspnea be assessed under standardized, incrementally provocative maneuvers and called for studies to assess the feasibility of this approach. We sought to assess the feasibility and statistical characteristics of a novel provocative dyspnea severity score (pDS) versus the traditional dyspnea visual analog scale (DVAS) in an AHF trial. At enrollment, 24, 48 and 72hours, 230 ROSE-AHF patients completed a DVAS. Dyspnea was then assessed with 5-point Likert dyspnea scales administered during 4 stages (A: upright-with O2, B: upright-without O2, C: supine-without O2 and D: exercise-without O2). Patients with moderate or less dyspnea were eligible for the next stage. At enrollment, oxygen withdrawal and supine provocation were highly feasible (≥97%), provoking more severe dyspnea (≥1 Likert point) in 24% and 42% of eligible patients, respectively. Exercise provocation had low feasibility with 38% of eligible patients unable to exercise due to factors other than dyspnea. A pDS was constructed from Likert scales during the 3 feasible assessment conditions (A-C). Relative to DVAS, the distribution of the pDS was more skewed with a high "ceiling effect" at enrollment (23%) limiting sensitivity to change. Change in pDS was not related to decongestion or 60-day outcomes. Although oxygen withdrawal and supine provocation are feasible and elicit more severe dyspnea, exercise provocation had unacceptable feasibility in this AHF cohort. The statistical characteristics of a pDS based on feasible provocation measures do not support its potential as a robust dyspnea assessment tool in AHF. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Provocation of symmetry/ordering symptoms in Anorexia nervosa: a functional neuroimaging study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masashi Suda

    Full Text Available Anorexia nervosa (AN, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD are often co-morbid; however, the aetiology of such co-morbidity has not been well investigated. This study examined brain activation in women with AN and in healthy control (HC women during the provocation of symmetry/ordering-related anxiety. During provocation, patients with AN showed more anxiety compared to HCs, which was correlated with the severity of symmetry/ordering symptoms. Activation in the right parietal lobe and right prefrontal cortex (rPFC in response to provocation was reduced in the AN group compared with the HC group. The reduced right parietal activation observed in the AN group is consistent with parietal lobe involvement in visuospatial cognition and with studies of OCD reporting an association between structural abnormalities in this region and the severity of 'ordering' symptoms. Reduced rPFC activation in response to symmetry/ordering provocation has similarities with some, but not all, data collected from patients with AN who were exposed to images of food and bodies. Furthermore, the combination of data from the AN and HC groups showed that rPFC activation during symptom provocation was inversely correlated with the severity of symmetry/ordering symptoms. These data suggest that individuals with AN have a diminished ability to cognitively deal with illness-associated symptoms of provocation. Furthermore, our data also suggest that symptom provocation can progressively overload attempts by the rPFC to exert cognitive control. These findings are discussed in the context of the current neurobiological models of AN.

  6. 29 CFR 1601.3 - Other definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Other definitions. 1601.3 Section 1601.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS Definitions § 1601.3 Other definitions. (a) For the purposes of this part, the term title VII shall mean title VII of...

  7. Posterior pelvic pain provocation test is negative in patients with lumbar herniated discs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutke, Annelie; Hansson, Eva Roos; Zetherström, Gunilla; Ostgaard, Hans Christian

    2009-07-01

    The classification of pelvic girdle pain can only be reached after lumbar causes have been excluded by a clinical examination. During clinical examination, the posterior pelvic pain provocation test is a well-established method for verifying pelvic girdle pain. However, a criticism of pelvic pain provocation tests is that they may have an effect on lumbar structures, thus yielding false-positive results. The posterior pelvic pain provocation test was performed with four groups of patients: patients with computed tomography-verified disc herniations (1) on the waiting list for surgery (14 women; 9 men); (2) 6 weeks after disc surgery (18 women, 12 men); (3) pregnant women seeking care for pelvic girdle pain (n = 25); and (4) women with persistent pelvic girdle pain after delivery (n = 32). The sensitivity of the posterior pelvic pain provocation test was 0.88 and the specificity was 0.89. The positive predictive value was 0.89 and the negative predictive value was 0.87. Analysis of only women showed similar results. In our study, the posterior pelvic pain provocation test was negative in patients with a well-defined lumbar diagnosis of lumbar disc herniation, both before and after disc surgery. Our results are an important step toward the more accurate classification of lumbopelvic pain.

  8. Systemic provocation in doxycycline induced fixed drug eruption: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anik Murwaningsih Rosmarini Estri Sih Hananti Niken Indrastuti

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Fixed drug eruption (FDE is recurrent lesions that upon repeated uptake of causative drug, always appears at the same skin and mucosal site. Determination of causal relationship in drug allergy is very important. In this case report, cases of doxycycline-induced FDE was reported. The subject of the research was a 29-year-old male, referred by dermatologist, with history of reccurent FDE. Physical examination revealed an oval well demarcated patch hyperpigmentation. Patch test was perfomed on previous involved and uninvolved site. The result of the patch test was irrelevant. Retesting patch test gave similar result. Systemic provocation test or drug provocation test (DPT  with doxcycline were done with suspected drug under ambulatory survelance and gave positive result. In this case, the DPT succeeded to identify doxycycline as the causal agent of FDE. The work-up of a suspected drug hypersensitivity includes a detailed clinical history, physical examination, skin tests, and provocation tests. The DPT is recommended to confirm drug’s hypersensitivity reactions. Systemic provocation test is considered as the gold standard for diagnosing FDE. Keywords:   fixed drug eruption - doxycycline - causal relationship - patch test - systemic provocation test

  9. COMMUNICATIVE PROVOCATION AS A STRATEGY OF DESTRUCTIVE BEHAVIOUR IN EVERY-DAY CONFLICT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volkova Olga Sergeevna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is concentrated on the issue of systematization and classification of strategies and tactics of individual's verbal behavior in a number of typical situations associated with disharmonious communication. Its scientific originality is defined by the necessity to present the provocation phenomenon as a category of communicative linguistics and linguistic pragmatics. The use of discourse analysis and descriptive pragmatic interpretation of real communication forms have enabled the revelation of various patterns of destructive verbal behavior that could provoke a communicative conflict. Communicative provocation is described as a strategy of destructive behavior aimed at dragging a communication partner into a conflict interaction or creating conditions for its occurrence. The provocation strategy is implemented in disharmonious interactions by means of individual or complex communication tactics including not only the aggressive ones: indignation, reproach, deliberate false informing, exaggerated demonstration of emotions, but also such tolerant tactics as praise, advice, apology, assurances, admiration, persuasion, etc. Two forms of communicative provocation are represented in the article. A direct provocation presupposes personal involvement of a provocateur in the conflict interaction while an indirect one allows its initiator stay aside from the open confrontation. In the latter case the provocateur stimulates and demonstrates the parties' conflict of interests, which leads to the communication harmony disruption.

  10. Peran Media Relations terhadap Keberhasilan Program Provocative Proactive di Pt Media Televisi Indonesia (Metro Tv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Sanjaya

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to determine whether the Provocative Proactive (PP program on Metro TV proactive is known by Indonesian people, to explain how the media selection strategy for Provocative Proactive program is, and to explain the program on Metro TV can be written and known by the press or reporters (external PR. The method used was descriptive qualitative approach to analyze the existing problems by presentation of information from the data collected through the company's internal analysis of the results of in-depth interviews and field observations regarding activities in the company. The results showed that duties and functions of public relations are as a motor for better co-operation with external and internal parties relating to Provocative Proactive program. The PR and Promotion Departments were turned out to help the success of the PP program, in addition to various roles and hardworks of the Producer and the creative team. Based on the observations, the role of Metro TV’s PR and Promotion Departments in conducting media relations through cooperation with the media both print and electronic media in an effort to have Provocative Proactive widely known by the public is through cooperation with various mass media, implementation of mass media selection strategies, and introducing Provocative Proactive Program broadly.  

  11. Are You Insulting Me? Exposure to Alcohol Primes Increases Aggression Following Ambiguous Provocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedersen, William C; Vasquez, Eduardo A; Bartholow, Bruce D; Grosvenor, Marianne; Truong, Ana

    2014-08-01

    Considerable research has shown that alcohol consumption can increase aggression and produce extremes in other social behaviors. Although most theories posit that such effects are caused by pharmacological impairment of cognitive processes, recent research indicates that exposure to alcohol-related constructs, in the absence of consumption, can produce similar effects. Here we tested the hypothesis that alcohol priming is most likely to affect aggression in the context of ambiguous provocation. Experiment 1 showed that exposure to alcohol primes increased aggressive retaliation but only when an initial provocation was ambiguous; unambiguous provocation elicited highly aggressive responses regardless of prime exposure. Experiment 2 showed that alcohol prime exposure effects are relatively short-lived and that perceptions of the provocateur's hostility mediated effects of prime exposure on aggression. These findings suggest modification and extension of existing models of alcohol-induced aggression. © 2014 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.

  12. Are You Insulting Me? Exposure to Alcohol Primes Increases Aggression Following Ambiguous Provocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedersen, William C.; Vasquez, Eduardo A.; Bartholow, Bruce D.; Grosvenor, Marianne; Truong, Ana

    2014-01-01

    Considerable research has shown that alcohol consumption can increase aggression and produce extremes in other social behaviors. Although most theories posit that such effects are caused by pharmacological impairment of cognitive processes, recent research indicates that exposure to alcohol-related constructs, in the absence of consumption, can produce similar effects. Here we tested the hypothesis that alcohol priming is most likely to affect aggression in the context of ambiguous provocation. Experiment 1 showed that exposure to alcohol primes increased aggressive retaliation but only when an initial provocation was ambiguous; unambiguous provocation elicited highly aggressive responses regardless of prime exposure. Experiment 2 showed that alcohol prime exposure effects are relatively short-lived and that perceptions of the provocateur's hostility mediated effects of prime exposure on aggression. These findings suggest modification and extension of existing models of alcohol-induced aggression. PMID:24854477

  13. Men with high serotonin 1B receptor binding respond to provocations with heightened amygdala reactivity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    da Cunha-Bang, Sofi; Fisher, Patrick M; Hjordt, Liv V

    2018-01-01

    Serotonin signalling influences amygdala reactivity to threat-related emotional facial expressions in healthy adults, but in vivo serotonin signalling has never been investigated in the context of provocative stimuli in aggressive individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate associations...... (LV1B) modelling shared correlation between 5-HT1BR binding across multiple brain regions (neocortex, anterior and posterior cingulate cortex, raphe, amygdala, hippocampus and striatum). We tested whether the LV1B was associated with amygdala, striatal and prefrontal reactivity to provocations......, adjusting for age, injected mass and group. Across participants, LV1B was statistically significantly positively associated with amygdala (p = 0.01) but not with striatal (p = 0.2) or prefrontal reactivity to provocations (p = 0.3). These findings provide novel evidence that 5-HT1BR levels are linked...

  14. Dynamic Changes in Heart Rate Variability and Nasal Airflow Resistance during Nasal Allergen Provocation Test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiina M. Seppänen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Allergic rhinitis is a major chronic respiratory disease and an immunoneuronal disorder. We aimed at providing further knowledge on the function of the neural system in nasal allergic reaction. Here, a method to assess simultaneously the nasal airflow resistance and the underlying function of autonomic nervous system (ANS is presented and used during the nasal provocation of allergic and nonallergic subjects. Continuous nasal airflow resistance and spectral heart rate variability parameters show in detail the timing and intensity differences in subjects’ reactions. After the provocation, the nasal airflow resistance of allergic subjects showed a positive trend, whereas LF/HF (Low Frequency/High Frequency ratio and LF power showed a negative trend. This could imply a gradual sympathetic withdrawal in allergic subjects after the allergen provocation. The groups differed significantly by these physiological descriptors. The proposed method opens entirely new opportunities to research accurately concomitant changes in nasal breathing function and ANS.

  15. Peak nasal inspiratory flow as outcome for provocation studies in allergen exposure chambers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boelke, Georg; Berger, Uwe; Bergmann, Karl-Christian

    2017-01-01

    parameters are preferred. Despite its practicability, the objective parameter peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) has been rarely used for allergy trials in the setting of allergen exposure chambers. This study aims to evaluate PNIF as an outcome parameter for provocation studies in AECs. METHODS...... during a challenge using a portable PNIF meter. RESULTS: 86 subjects participated in 203 challenges, altogether. House dust mite provocations caused the greatest reduction in PNIF values, followed by grass pollen and birch pollen. Provocations with every allergen or pollen concentration led...... to a significant decrease (p flow, height and weight, and inverse correlations between PNIF and total nasal symptom score, nasal congestion score and visual analog scale of overall subjective...

  16. Title V Operating Permits

    Science.gov (United States)

    This site will provide basic information on clean air permitting under the title V operating permits program, provide access to state and regional permitting programs, and maintain access to proposed and final regulatory requirements.

  17. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Issue, Title. Vol 5, No 1 (2006), Zidovudine-cyclodextrin inclusion complex and its permeability across rat stomach and intestinal compartments, Abstract. JO Onah, EO Adagazu. 101 - 101 of 101 Items, << < 1 2 3 ...

  18. Title IX Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargyas, Ellen J.

    1989-01-01

    Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972 is the principal federal law which prohibits sex discrimination in education. The law's requirements with regard to physical education classes and competitive, intramural, and club athletics are discussed. (IAH)

  19. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 5051 - 5100 of 11090 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index .... Vol 10, No 84 (2011), Fatty acid elongase 1 (FAE1) promoter as a candidate for genetic engineering of fatty acids to .... V Jalasutram, A Jetty, GR Anupoju.

  20. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 490 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index ... to the extraction and purification of pectin from inferior shaddock using .... Vol 4, No 4 (2008), Assessment of heavy metals concentrations in water from borehole at ...

  1. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 34 of 34 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index ... Vol 17 (2007), Application of wastewater treatment by algae in irrigation of some economic ... and physiological behavior of drinking water-borne pathogenic bacteria.

  2. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 444 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index ... Vol 60 (2007), Determination of Phenols in Water Samples using a ... Silver on Nano-ZnO for the Environmental Purification of Dye Pollutants, Abstract PDF.

  3. [Allergy diagnosis in patients with bronchial asthma (bronchial provocation test, skin test and RAST) (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baur, X; Fruhmann, G; von Liebe, V

    1978-12-15

    87 patients with bronchial asthma underwent skin test, RAST and measurment of airway resistance before and after inhalation of control solution as well as at least 10 times after each of one to four bronchial provocations (making up a total of 171 tests) with extracts of house dust, house dust mite, animal dander, mould spores and pollen in increasing concentrations. An actual clinical significance of the skin test reactions was found in 60% of all cases and of the RAST results in 66% of all cases. The overall agreement between skin test results and RAST results was 61%. The correlations between the different tests depended on the degree of hypersensitivity, on the tested allergen and on whether the results of skin test and RAST, respectively, were positive or negative. There existed a good correlation between the results of all three test methods and case history only for pollen allergens and animal dander. Noticeably often negative RAST results with house dust and mould spores, as well as positive skin tests with house dust mite and mould spores could not be confirmed by the provocation test. Important indications for a bronchial provocation test in asthmatics are doubtful case history, doubtful skin test or RAST results with the problem-allergens house dust, house dust mite and mould spores; the bronchial provocation test is especially commendable when drastic or cumbersome therapeutic measures (immunotherapy, change of home, change of job) are to follow or if late asthmatic reactions are expected.

  4. Measured Effects of Provocation and Emotional Mastery Techniques in Fostering Emotional Intelligence among Nigerian Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogunyemi, Ajibola Olusoga

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: This study investigated the effects of provocation and emotional mastery programmes at fostering emotional intelligence of Nigerian adolescents. The study also aimed to establish whether gender will moderate the effects of the two techniques on emotional intelligence skills of adolescents. Method: The study employed a…

  5. Social provocation modulates decision making and feedback processing: Examining the trajectory of development in adolescent participants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannah L. Pincham

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Increasingly, research is turning to the ways in which social context impacts decision making and feedback processing in adolescents. The current study recorded electroencephalography to examine the trajectory of development across adolescence, with a focus on how social context impacts cognition and behaviour. To that end, younger (10–12 years and older (14–16 years adolescents played a modified Taylor Aggression Paradigm against two virtual opponents: a low-provoker and a high-provoker. During the task's decision phase (where participants select punishment for their opponent, we examined two event-related potentials: the N2 and the late positive potential (LPP. During the outcome phase (where participants experience win or loss feedback, we measured the feedback related negativity (FRN. Although N2 amplitudes did not vary with provocation, LPP amplitudes were enhanced under high provocation for the younger group, suggesting that emotional reactivity during the decision phase was heightened for early adolescents. During the outcome phase, the FRN was reduced following win outcomes under high provocation for both groups, suggesting that a highly provocative social opponent may influence the reward response. Collectively, the data argue that social context is an important factor modulating neural responses in adolescent behavioural and brain development.

  6. Violent offenders respond to provocations with high amygdala and striatal reactivity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    da Cunha-Bang, Sofi; Fisher, Patrick M.; Hjordt, Liv Vadskjær

    2017-01-01

    monetary rewards. The violent offenders behaved more aggressively than controls (aggression frequency 150 us 84, P = 0.03) and showed significantly higher brain reactivity to provocations within the amygdala and striatum, as well as reduced amygdala-prefrontal and striato-prefrontal connectivity. Amygdala...

  7. Laryngeal effects of nasal allergen provocation in singers with allergic rhinitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verguts, Monique M. L.; Eggermont, Anita; Decoster, Wivine; de Jong, Felix I. C. R. S.; Hellings, Peter W.

    2011-01-01

    In spite of our recent insight into nasobronchial interaction mechanisms in allergic airway disease, the association between allergic rhinitis and voice complaints remains obscure. To evaluate the effects of nasal allergen provocation and seasonal grass pollen exposure on subjective and objective

  8. Violent offenders respond to provocations with high amygdala and striatal reactivity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    da Cunha-Bang, Sofi; Fisher, Patrick M; Hjordt, Liv Vadskjær

    2017-01-01

    magnetic resonance imaging point-subtraction aggression paradigm in 44 men, of whom 18 were incarcerated violent offenders and 26 were control non-offenders. We measured brain activation following provocations (monetary subtractions), while the subjects had the possibility to behave aggressively or pursue...

  9. Astrophysics Titles in Scientific American Magazine (1990-2014): Linguistic and Discourse Practices

    OpenAIRE

    David I. Méndez; M. Ángeles Alcaraz

    2015-01-01

    We analyze Astrophysics titles published in Scientific American Magazine in the period 1990-2014 and compare them with Astrophysics titles of specialized journals. Our main results show that titles published in Scientific American are short, clear, direct and with low lexical density and little terminology. They mainly consist in simple and nominal constructions with few adjectives and compound groups. The predominance of nominal compounds and the high number of verbal titles and definite art...

  10. Clinical tube weaning supported by hunger provocation in fully-tube-fed children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartdorff, Caroline M; Kneepkens, C M Frank; Stok-Akerboom, Anita M; van Dijk-Lokkart, Elisabeth M; Engels, Michelle A H; Kindermann, Angelika

    2015-04-01

    Children with congenital malformations, mental retardation, and complex early medical history frequently have feeding problems. Although tube feeding is effective in providing the necessary energy and nutrients, it decreases the child's motivation to eat and may lead to oral aversion. In this study, we sought to confirm our previous results, showing that a multidisciplinary clinical hunger provocation program may lead to quick resumption of oral feeding. In a crossover study, 22 children of 9 to 24 months of age who were fully dependent on tube feeding were randomly assigned to one of two groups: group A, intervention group (2-week multidisciplinary clinical hunger provocation program); and group B, control group (4-week outpatient treatment by the same multidisciplinary team). Patients failing one treatment were reassigned to the other treatment group. Primary outcome measures were at least 75% orally fed at the conclusion of the intervention and fully orally fed and gaining weight 6 months after the intervention. In group A, 9/11 patients were successfully weaned from tube feeding (2 failures: 1 developed ulcerative colitis, 1 drop-out). In group B, only 1 patient was weaned successfully; 10/11 were reassigned to the clinical hunger provocation program, all being weaned successfully. Six months after the intervention, 1 patient had to resume tube feeding. In total, in the control group, 1/11 (9%) was weaned successfully as compared with 18/21 (86%) in the hunger provocation group (P hunger provocation is an effective short-term intervention for weaning young children from tube feeding.

  11. Direct oral provocation tests in non-immediate mild cutaneous reactions related to beta-lactam antibiotics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vezir, Emine; Dibek Misirlioglu, Emine; Civelek, Ersoy; Capanoglu, Murat; Guvenir, Hakan; Ginis, Tayfur; Toyran, Muge; Kocabas, Can N

    2016-02-01

    Skin testing has a limited role in the diagnosis of non-immediate beta-lactam hypersensitivity in children. The aim of this study was to report the results of oral provocation tests performed without skin tests in children with non-immediate mild cutaneous reactions without systemic symptoms caused by beta-lactam antibiotics. Oral provocation tests with suspected antibiotics were performed to patients with non-immediate mild cutaneous reactions without systemic symptoms caused by beta-lactam antibiotics. Skin tests were not performed before provocation tests. A total of five doses were administered with half-an-hour intervals in increasing doses. Provocation was continued for 5 days. A total of 119 patients with a median age of 4.3 (IQR: 2-7.5) years, of whom 58% were males, were included in the study. Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid was the most frequently responsible agent in 87 (73.1%) patients, and most common type of rash was maculopapular in 74 (62.2%) patients. Four patients (3.4%) had an urticarial reaction during the provocation test. We did not experience any severe reactions during oral provocation test without previous skin tests performed to children with non-immediate mild cutaneous reactions without systemic symptoms. Omitting skin tests before oral provocation test in this group of children can help decreasing the burden of allergy clinics and alleviating the discomfort of children. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. 49 CFR 599.102 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Definitions. 599.102 Section 599.102... RECYCLE AND SAVE ACT PROGRAM General § 599.102 Definitions. As used in this part— Agency or NHTSA means...). Clear title means title to a vehicle that is free from all liens and encumbrances. Combined Fuel Economy...

  13. Effect of a new selective H1 receptor antagonist (levocabastine) in a nasal and conjunctival provocation test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pécoud, A; Zuber, P; Kolly, M

    1987-01-01

    Levocabastine is a new selective H1 receptor antagonist. The effect of the drug administered locally was compared to placebo in a quantified nasal and conjunctival provocation test with allergens performed in patients allergic to grass pollen. In the nasal provocation test, levocabastine was able to increase the 'reaction threshold' (dose of allergen necessary to trigger allergic symptoms) in 9 out of 12 patients; the drug inhibited rhinorrhea and sneezing, but not nasal obstruction. In the conjunctival provocation test, the 'reaction threshold' clearly increased in 10 out of 11 patients. The local administration of levocabastine might be useful in allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis.

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    Items 1 - 50 of 423 ... Issue, Title. Vol 1, No 2 (2012), 28th Africa Cup of Nations (Gabon/Equatorial Guinea - 2012): Lessons for Nigeria Football, Abstract PDF. E J Jeroh. Vol 1, No 3 (2012), Adult Functional Literacy Curriculum: Effective Strategy for Human Resource Development in Nigeria, Abstract PDF. VE Okafor, C Ejezie.

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    Items 151 - 200 of 246 ... Issue, Title. Vol 8, No 2 (2011), Hypoglycaemic effect of Allium sativum (aqueous extract) on normal and alloxan-induced hyperglycaemic Wistar rats, Abstract. D Atsukwei, SO Odeh, UG Egesie, SA Seriki, TP Yakubu. Vol 2, No 2 (2005), Hypotensive effect of Baissea axillaris (Apocynaceae) leaves in ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 10, No 15 (2011), Assessment of genetic diversity among accessions of two traditional leafy vegetables (Acmella uliginosa (L.) and Justicia tenella (Nees) T.) consumed in Benin using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers, Abstract PDF. K Adéoti, A Rival, A Dansi, BS Ahohuendo, ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 70 (2007), UKIMWISHAJI wa Utanzu wa Fashihi: Mifano kutoka Methali za Tanzania, Abstract. Aldin K. Mutembei. Vol 70 (2007), A minimalist approach to Kiswahili Syntax, Abstract. Alice Mwihaki. Vol 80, No 1 (2017), A Morphological Classification of Kiswahili, Abstract. Susan C. Choge. Vol 74, No 1 (2011) ...

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    Items 951 - 1000 of 1932 ... Issue, Title. Vol 15, No 1 (2016), Evaluation of Immunomodulatory Effect of Immunace on Adjuvanticity of 1,2-Dioleoyl-3- trimethylammoniumpropane-based Liposomes, Abstract PDF. Ebele Onuigbo, Austin Ngene, Vincent Okore, Anthony Attama. Vol 14, No 3 (2015), Evaluation of Information ...

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    Items 1 - 50 of 63 ... Issue, Title. Vol 7, No 2 (2002), AAPS, African Political Science and Globalisation: Which Way Forward? Abstract. L. Adele Jinadu. Vol 6, No 1 (2001), African Crisis Response Initiative and the New African Security (Dis)order, Abstract. Emmanuel K. Aning. Vol 5, No 1 (2000), African Renaissance in the New ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 28, No 1 (2015), La cucina nella Grammatica castigliana e Toscana Di lorenzo Franciosini, Abstract. G Sotis. Vol 9, No 2 (1996), La diversità del femminile: Neera femminista ed antifemminista, Abstract. Ermenegilda Pierobon. Vol 28, No 1 (2015), La funzione etica e catartica della rappresentazione della ...

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    Items 851 - 900 of 1605 ... Issue, Title. Vol 16, No 3 (2013), Lettres to Editor: Transabdominal ultrasonographic assessment of prostate size and volume in Nigerians with clinical diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia, Abstract PDF. SM Ma'aji, B Adamu. Vol 17, No 3 (2014), Leukemoid reaction associated with transitional ...

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    Items 1 - 50 of 165 ... Issue, Title. Vol 36 (2008), A Case Study about Open Source Internet Software in the eThekwini Municipality and a discussion of the relevance of open source software in libraries, Abstract. A Spencer. Vol 42 (2011), A crack in the 'dam(ned)' wall?: cooperation and collaboration among higher education ...

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    Items 1 - 50 of 241 ... Issue, Title. Vol 10, No 1 (2010), Ye Shakoch Chilot (the court of the sheikhs): A traditional institution of conflict resolution in Oromiya zone of Amhara regional state, Ethiopia, Abstract PDF. M Zeleke. Vol 15, No 3 (2015), A comparative analysis of the Post- Arab Spring National Dialogues in Tunisia and ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 9, No 44 (2010), Test and gonad characteristics in different genders of cultivated sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus intermedius, Agassiz): First insight into sexual identification, Abstract PDF. Chong Zhao, Weijie Zhang, Yaqing Chang, Pingjin Liu. Vol 8, No 6 (2009), Testicular development and relationship ...

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    Items 251 - 300 of 513 ... Issue, Title. Vol 37, No 2 (2016), Microbial analysis of meat and meat products sold in fast food restaurants in Aba, Abia State, Nigeria, Abstract .... of community ownership and sustainability of community directed treatment with ivermectin for onchocerciasis control in Cross River State, Nigeria, Abstract.

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    Items 51 - 100 of 669 ... Issue, Title. Vol 45, No 1 (2015), An Assessment of the Impact of Innovation, Succession Planning and Management Skills on the Performance of Small to Medium Sized Family-Owned Businesses in the Zimbabwe Retail Sector, Abstract. Maxwell Sandada, Lorraine Mangwandi. Vol 38, No 3 (2008): ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 13, No 2 (2013), Using Mindfulness as a Teaching Aid for Phenomenology, Abstract PDF. IR Owen. Vol 8, No 1 (2008), Were Nietzsche's Cardinal Ideas – Delusions? Abstract PDF. Eva M Cybulska. Vol 12, No 1 (2012), What did you learn in school today? Abstract PDF. Carina Henriksson. Vol 5, No 1 (2005) ...

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    Items 51 - 100 of 208 ... Issue, Title. Vol 11 (2009), Comparative study on the antimicrobial activities of three Indian medicinal plants, Abstract PDF. S Hemaiswarya, M Poonkothai, R Raja, C Anbazhagan. Vol 14 (2012), Composition, functional properties and antioxidative activity of hydrolysates prepared from the frame meat of ...

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    Items 401 - 450 of 911 ... Issue, Title. Vol 9, No 1 (2005), Heterotopic pregnancy with spontaneous vaginal delivery at 36 weeks and laparotomy at term a case report, Abstract. Chisara C Umezurike, Paul A Feyi-Waboso. Vol 4, No 2 (2000), High Knowledge and High Risk Behaviour: A Profile of Hotel-Based Sex Workers in ...

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    Items 51 - 100 of 237 ... Issue, Title. Vol 64 (2017), Book Review: What Fanon Said: Philosophical Introduction to His Life and Thought, Abstract. S'busisiwe Mnguni. Vol 57 (2015), Book Review: Winelands, wealth and work: Transformations in the Dwars River Valley, Stellenbosch, Abstract. H Smith. Vol 36 (2009), Book ...

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    Items 1 - 49 of 49 ... Issue, Title. Vol 14, No 1 (2016), A socio-musical analysis of Ayo Bankole's choral music: Fun Mi N'ibeji, Abstract. Mary Taiwo Omotosho. Vol 7 (2006), A study of therapeutic songs used in Yoruba Christian Healing Homes: The Cherubim and Seraphim church, Osogbo, as a case study, Abstract.

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    Items 201 - 250 of 931 ... Issue, Title. Vol 36, No 2 (2017), Comparative study of Moore and Mealy machine models adaptation in black soap production, Abstract PDF. S. A. Akinboro, A. Omotosho, J. A. Adeyiga, E. Effiom. Vol 29, No 1 (2010), Comparative Study of Vlasov and Euler Instabilities of Axially Compressed ...

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    Items 451 - 500 of 1932 ... Issue, Title. Vol 7, No 3 (2008), Characterization of Biotic and Abiotic Profiles of Greenhouse Evaporative Cooling System Fouling, Abstract PDF. AA Nuhu, S Ahmad. Vol 13, No 12 (2014), Characterization of Carbamazepine-Loaded Solid Lipid Nanoparticles Prepared by Rapid Expansion of ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 87, No 7 (2010), Perceptions of Interns Performance: A Comparison between a Problem Based and a Conventional Curriculum, Abstract PDF. C Owino. Vol 82, No 1 (2005):, Perceptions Of Primary Health Care With Regard To Corresponding Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Amongst The Kenyan Maasai ...

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    Items 351 - 400 of 452 ... Issue, Title. Vol 17, No 3 (2016), Prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in India: An updated meta-analysis, Abstract PDF. Pradeep Kumar, Upendra Yadav, Vandana Rai. Vol 14, No 1 (2013), Prevalence of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T and A1298C ...

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    Items 101 - 150 of 350 ... Issue, Title. Vol 43 (2014), Die waarde en uitdagings van diensleer vir tolkopleiding: die ervaring van die tolkopleidingsprogram aan die Universiteit Stellenbosch, Abstract PDF. HM Lesch. Vol 45 (2014), Die waarde van tolking vir tersiêre onderrig en leer. 'n Ondersoek na die persepsies van ...

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    Items 101 - 107 of 107 ... Issue, Title. Vol 9, No 2 (2007), User Experiences And Perceptions Of Online Information Resources In Libraries: A Case Of Sokoine National Agricultural Library (Snal), Tanzania, Abstract. A Malekani. Vol 6, No 2 (2004), User fees in public libraries: perspectives, opportunities and challenges in ...

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    Items 101 - 150 of 414 ... Issue, Title. Vol 8, No 1 (2011), Comparative Study on Three Major Internet Search Engines, Abstract. UA Usman, JK Alhassan. Vol 13, No 2 (2016), Competencies and materials for repositioning cataloguers for information management in an electronic era in University Libraries in South East, Nigeria ...

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    Items 501 - 550 of 741 ... Issue, Title. Vol 16, No 1 (2008), Psychosocial Factors Influencing Attitudes Towards Internet Piracy among Nigerian University Students, Abstract. F M Ilevbare. Vol 20, No 1 (2012), Psychosocial factors predisposing university undergraduates to mentoring relationship, Abstract. R Opayemi. Vol 20, No ...

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    Items 201 - 250 of 312 ... Issue, Title. Vol 23, No 1-2 (2008), Mechanism of the delayed puberty onset in offspring of rats that consumed aqueous extract of hibiscus sabdariffa during pregnancy, Abstract PDF. E.E Iyare, O.A Adegoke. Vol 24, No 2 (2009), Medicinal properties of fractionated acetone/water neem (Azadirachta ...

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    Items 51 - 100 of 292 ... Issue, Title. Vol 19, No 1 (2012), Cancer Patterns In Ilorin: An Analysis Of Ilorin Cancer Registry Statistics, Abstract. EAO Afolayan, OOK Ibrahim, GT Ayilara. Vol 17, No 1 (2010), Cardiovascular health benefits of some locally adoptable exercise techniques, Abstract. A.F Adeniyi, U.A Ahmed. Vol 19, No 2 ...

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    Items 151 - 200 of 247 ... Issue, Title. Vol 3, No 4 (2008), New gaussian points for the solution of first order ordinary differential equations, Abstract PDF. J.P Chollom, S.E Madugu. Vol 10, No 1 (2015), Nuclear and Atomic Methods Applied in the Determination of Some Heavy Polluting Elements in Some Soil Samples around ...

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    Items 151 - 200 of 1247 ... Issue, Title. Vol 11, No 2 (2007), Assessment of Possible Impacts of Climate Change in Water Reservoir of Bhopal with Special Reference to Heavy Metals, Central Region - India, Abstract PDF. C Parashar, S Dixit, R Shrivastava. Vol 18, No 1 (2014), Assessment of Potential Abatement provided by ...

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    Items 501 - 521 of 521 ... Issue, Title. Vol 22, No 3 (2004), Urinary tract infection in adults, Abstract PDF. E Coetzer. Vol 29, No 7 (2011), Using communication skills for difficult conversations in palliative care: 'Suffering is not a question which demands an answer, It is not a problem which demands a solution, It is a mystery ...

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    Items 401 - 450 of 493 ... Issue, Title. Vol 34, No 2 (2014), Stress and coping mechanisms of nursing students during clinical practice in Ghana, Abstract PDF. VB Bam, GA Oppong, MB Ibitoye. Vol 36, No 2 (2016), STUDENTS' AWARENESS OF AND ADHERENCE TO ENERGY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN SELECTED ...

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    Items 101 - 125 of 125 ... Issue, Title. Vol 4, No 2 (2014): Special Issue: Part 1, The chemist's triangle and a general systemic approach to teaching, learning and research in chemistry education, Abstract PDF. JD Bradley. Vol 4, No 2 (2014): Special Issue: Part 1, The development of a new chemistry curriculum in the ...

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    Items 551 - 600 of 611 ... Issue, Title. Vol 2, No 1 (1999), The effect of aqeous seed extract of Trigonella foenum graecum (Fenugreek) on haematological parameters in albino rats, Abstract PDF. K.D. Efraim, H.A. Salami, P.A. Nwafor. Vol 10, No 2 (2007), The effect of chronic cement dust exposure on lung function of cement ...

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    Items 751 - 800 of 1463 ... Issue, Title. Vol 9, No 2 (2009): Special Issue, In-vitro antibacterial activity of selected medicinal plants from Longisa region of Bomet district, Kenya, Abstract PDF. KR Cheruiyot, D Olila, J Kateregga. Vol 7, No 4 (2007), In-vitro antimicrobial activity of selected honeys on clinical isolates of Helicobacter ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 1, No 1 (2009), Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status and Body Mass Index Among Adult Nigerians, Abstract PDF. CE Mbada, RA Adedoyin, AS Odejide. Vol 2, No 1 (2010), Relationship Between the 6-minute Walk Test and Correlates of Type 2 Diabetes: Indication for caution in exercise prescription ...

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    Items 251 - 300 of 699 ... Issue, Title. Vol 33, No 3 (2008), Effects of oil pollution on aquatic macroinvertebrate assemblages in Gabon wetlands, Abstract. MR Vinson, EC Dinger, J Kotynek, M Dethier. Vol 29, No 1 (2004), Effects of the 2000 southern Mozambique floods on a marginal coral community: the case at Xai-Xai ...

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    Items 101 - 150 of 11090 ... Issue, Title. Vol 12, No 7 (2013), In vitro clonal propagation of Fuchsia magellanica Lam. Abstract. Anjum Parveen, Sadia Rasheed. Vol 7, No 8 (2008), In vitro clonal propagation of Mucuna pruriens var. utilis and its evaluation of genetic stability through RAPD markers, Abstract PDF.

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    Issue, Title. Vol 11, No 3 (2017), Synthesis of novel thiazolobenzimidazoles, Abstract PDF. Siomenan Coulbali, Roger Simplice Pépin Zoakouma, Sagne Jacques Akpa, Venance Martial Say, Fanté Bamba, Drissa Sissouma, Ané Adjou. Vol 3, No 4 (2009), Synthesis of peptide derivatives of aspirin and their antibiogram ...

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    Items 51 - 100 of 210 ... Issue, Title. Vol 30, No 2 (2006), Comparative Brine Shrimp Toxicity of Withenia somnifera and Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium Extracts and In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of W. Somnifera, Abstract. J M Mbaria, G W Gakuya, S N Yunus, H F Kaburia, A N Njuguna. Vol 27 (2004): Special Issue 2004 ...

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    Items 7651 - 7700 of 11090 ... Issue, Title. Vol 11, No 6 (2012), Novel expressed sequence tag- simple sequence repeats (EST-SSR) markers characterized by new bioinformatic criteria reveal high genetic similarity in sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) breeding lines, Abstract PDF. K Ukoskit, P Thipmongkolcharoen, ...

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    Items 1 - 41 of 41 ... Issue, Title. Vol 1, No 1 (1997), Aeration of anaerobically digested sewage sludges to enhance phosphorus precipitation, Abstract. Z. Phiri, H. Harada. Vol 1, No 1 (1997), Amenability assessment for recovery of gold from Nigerian Ilesha gold ore by cyanidation, Abstract. J. A. Ajayi, S. Simukanga. Vol 1, No 2 ...

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    Items 51 - 100 of 189 ... Issue, Title. Vol 5, No 2 (2004), Dimensioning of dog bone specimens and numerical analysis of the effects of different fillet radii, clamp area and pinhole loading on the stresses in such specimens, Abstract. Maina Maringa. Vol 12, No 1 (2012), Diversity of the chironomidae (diptera) of river Niger related ...

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    Items 1 - 50 of 164 ... Issue, Title. Vol 22, No 1 (2010), Bona, Barometer of the Decades, Abstract. T Khuzwayo. Vol 17, No 2 (2005), En fuite, on Foot, in Thought: Making the Metropolis Elusive, Abstract. S-A Murray. Vol 15, No 1 (2003), A Brazilian theatre model meets Zulu performance conventions Westville prison – the case ...

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    Items 101 - 120 of 120 ... Issue, Title. Vol 11, No 2 (2017), Serological survey of toxoplasmosis, neosporosis and brucellosis among cattle herds in Oyo state, south-western Nigeria, Abstract PDF. Adekunle Ayinmode, Victor Akinseye, Gereon Schares, Simeon Cadmus. Vol 9, No 2 (2015), Seronegative conversion of an HIV ...

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    Items 51 - 100 of 226 ... Issue, Title. Vol 17 (2000), Comparative analysis of Scandinavian and Ethiopian approaches to housing with special emphasis on housing tenure and housing finance, Abstract PDF. W Berhanu. Vol 18 (2001), Comparison Of Seismic Provisions Of EBCS 8 And Current Major Builduing Codes Pertinent ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 3, No 3 (2009), Kinetics of the reaction of compound III of horseradish peroxidase with hydrogen peroxide and NADPH, Abstract PDF. SA Adeniyi, CL Orjiekwe, SJ Josiah. Vol 4, No 5 (2010), Knowledge of Nigerian laboratory technologists and mortuary attendants on various methods of embalming ...

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    Items 51 - 100 of 139 ... Issue, Title. Vol 7, No 1 (2015), Engineering-geological properties of carbonates and shale: their implications for dam construction in Mekelle, Northern ... Vol 2, No 1 (2010), Evaluation of Orange Peel Citrus Sinensis (L) As a Source of Repellent, Toxicant and Protectant against Zabrotes Subfasciatus ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 3, No 2 (2016), Usefulness of problem tree, objective tree and logical framework matrix to fix chal-lenges of unemployment and underemployment of higher education graduates in Rwanda, Kenya and Ghana, Abstract PDF. Irénée Ndayambaje, Philothère Ntawiha, Susan Ngigi, Samuel Yaw Ampofo.

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    Items 51 - 100 of 620 ... Issue, Title. Vol 19, No 2 (2007), A qualitative study of medical student socialization in Malawi\\'s College of Medicine: Preclinical training and identity, Abstract PDF. C Wendland, C Bandawe. Vol 27, No 3 (2015), A review of patients with advanced cervical cancer presenting to palliative care services at ...

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    Items 251 - 300 of 399 ... Issue, Title. Vol 11, No 2 (2012), Pattern of diabetic retinopathy in Kano, Nigeria, Abstract PDF. A Lawan, TB Mohammed. Vol 6, No 4 (2007), Pattern of Eclampsia in a Tertiary Health Facility Situated in a Semi-Rural Town in Northern Nigeria, Abstract PDF. J Tukur, BA Umar, A Rabi'u. Vol 7, No 3 (2008) ...

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    Items 351 - 400 of 465 ... Issue, Title. Vol 13, No 2 (2008), Recognition of Odontogenic Cyst-Fluid Cholesterol Concentration as a Measure of Serum Cholesterol Value of the Patient. Abstract. U Mgbeokwere, BC Ezeanolue, OC Ekwueme, AE Obiechina, C Oji. Vol 14, No 2 (2009), Recurrent angio-oedema involving the upper ...

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    Items 251 - 300 of 1932 ... Issue, Title. Vol 16, No 10 (2017), Anti-hyperlipidemic effects of Caralluma edulis (Asclepiadaceae) and Verbena officinalis (Verbenaceae) whole plants against high-fat diet-induced .... Vol 8, No 4 (2009), Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaves of Endemic Stachys pseudopinardii in Turkey, Abstract PDF.

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    Items 151 - 200 of 387 ... Issue, Title. Vol 15, No 2 (2015), Introduction to Christian philosophy, Abstract. Charles Ogundu Nnaji. Vol 8, No 2 (2006), Is Quantum Mechanics a Complete Theory?: A Philosophical Defense of Einstein's Position, Abstract. U O Egbai. Vol 10, No 1 (2007), Jesus in Africa, Abstract. FF Edet. Vol 10, No ...

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    Items 401 - 450 of 814 ... Issue, Title. Vol 20, No 1 (2015), Major limb amputations at a teaching hospital in the sub-Saharan Africa: Any change in trend? Abstract PDF. OJ Ogundele, AI Ifesanya, OA Oyewole, OO Adegbehingbe. Vol 14, No 1 (2009), Major limb trauma in Eastern Ethiopia, Abstract PDF. MD Munyazewal Dessie.

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    Items 101 - 150 of 168 ... Issue, Title. Vol 59 (2017), On the record: Interview with Lieutenant General Gary Kruser, Deputy National Commissioner, South African Police Service, Abstract PDF. Johan Burger. Vol 60 (2017), On the record: Interview with Major General Johan Jooste (Retired), South African National Parks, Head of ...

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    Items 101 - 150 of 338 ... Issue, Title. Vol 14, No 4 (2010), Digital teaching files – a useful teaching tool for the modern radiologist, Abstract PDF. AT du Plessis. Vol 8, No 2 (2004), Do dose area product meter measurements reflect radiation doses absorbed by health care workers? Abstract PDF. R Raubenheimer, B ...

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    Items 1 - 15 of 15 ... Issue, Title. Vol 1, No 1 (2008), Assessment Of Ophthalmic Patients' Satisfaction In Owo, Abstract. CO Omolase, CO Fadamiro, BO Omolase, AS Aina, EO Omolade. Vol 3, No 1 (2010), Case Report: Strongyloides stercoralis coinfection in a Nigerian with HIV. Abstract. A.A Oyekunle, R.A.A Bolarinwa, O.A ...

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    Items 1 - 50 of 900 ... Issue, Title. Vol 10, No 6 (2010), β-carotene, iron and zinc content in Papua New Guinea and East African highland bananas. Abstract PDF. R Fungo, J.K Kikafunda, M Pillay. Vol 11, No 6 (2011), Allium hookeri, Thw. Enum. A lesser known terrestrial perennial herb used as food and its ethnobotanical ...

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    Items 51 - 100 of 112 ... Issue, Title. Vol 24, No 1 (2008), Improving the quality of care of the critically ill patient. Implementing the central venous line care bundle in the ICU, Abstract PDF. R Gillespie. Vol 23, No 2 (2007), Improving the quality of care of the critically ill patients: Implementing the care bundle approach in the ICU ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 50, No 1 (2013), Memory, verbal onslaught and persuasive eloquence in Armah's Two Thousand Seasons and The Healers, Abstract PDF. AM Fubara. Vol 36, No 1-2 (2002), Metacognitive reading skills in academic support: A transactionist perspective of the relationship between reading and learning ...

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    Items 251 - 300 of 333 ... Issue, Title. Vol 22, No 1 (1999), Self-incompatibility system in the Ethiopian populations of Guizotia abyssinica ( L.F) Cass. (niger). Details PDF. Sileshi Nemomissa, Endashaw Bekele, Kifle Dagne. Vol 28, No 1 (2005), Sequence stratigraphic interpretation of the Chilga basin sediments, Northwest ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 10, No 15 (2011), The effect of polyacrylamide (PAM) applications on infiltration, runoff and soil losses under simulated rainfall conditions, Abstract PDF. Z Tümsavas, A Kara. Vol 11, No 49 (2012), The effect of polythene colour container and three spawn rates on production of Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 6, No 22 (2007), Antimicrobial activity of a decoction used by Southwestern Nigeria traditional healers on selected dermatophytes, Abstract PDF. AM Kilani, O Oyelade, OE Adeleke. Vol 7, No 16 (2008), Antimicrobial activity of autochthonous lactic acid bacteria isolated from Algerian traditional fermented milk ...

  18. Browse Title Index

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    Items 6401 - 6450 of 11090 ... Issue, Title. Vol 2, No 10 (2003), Influence of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium application on the yield of maize in the savanna zone of Nigeria, Abstract PDF. JOS Kogbe, JA Adediran. Vol 10, No 56 (2011), Influence of nitrogen source and sucrose concentration on inulinase production by ...

  19. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 346 ... Issue, Title. Vol 27, No 3 (2014), A desire for weight loss in season increases disordered eating behaviour risk and energy deficiency in athletes, Abstract PDF. HH Wright, R Ford, CR Botha. Vol 29, No 3 (2016), A review of infant and young child feeding practice in hospital and the home in KwaZulu-Natal ...

  20. Browse Title Index

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    Items 101 - 150 of 188 ... Issue, Title. Vol 16 (2002), Le Chichewa essai de description dans une perspective didactique, Details PDF. Allan Lipenga. Vol 3, No 1 (1989), Leibniz and Ralph Cudworth on freedom, necessity and fatalism, Abstract PDF. Didier Njirayamanda Kaphagawani. Vol 24 (2016), Les dynamiques de ...

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    Items 1 - 50 of 457 ... Issue, Title. Vol 3, No 6 (2011), 2D study of wind forces around multiple cooling towers using computational fluid dynamics, Abstract PDF. H Irtaza, S Ahmad, T Pandey. Vol 2, No 6 (2010), 3D finite element analysis on crack-tip plastic zone, Abstract PDF. Shashidhar K Kudari, Krishnaraja G Kodancha.

  2. Browse Title Index

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    Items 51 - 100 of 242 ... Issue, Title. Vol 7, No 2 (2008), Day Case Orthopaedic Surgery in a West African Teaching Hospital, Abstract. OA Adewole, SO Giwa, MO Kayode, MO Shoga. Vol 11, No 2 (2012), Diagnostic Accuracy of Lachman Test in the Evaluation of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries, Abstract. CA Nkanta, JVS ...

  3. Browse Title Index

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    Items 101 - 136 of 136 ... Issue, Title. Vol 13, No 1 (2004), Taxation Of Financial Assets: Implications For Capital Market Development In Tanzania, Abstract. Emma C Isinika, Hamisi H Mwinyimvua. Vol 14, No 1 (2005), The application of management accounting techniques in decision-making in a developing country, Abstract.

  4. Browse Title Index

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    Items 51 - 100 of 333 ... Issue, Title. Vol 36, No 2 (2013), Characterization of fungal extracts from Trichoderma isolates: their effects against coffee wilt pathogen (Gibberella xylarioides), Abstract PDF. Afrasa Mulatu, Negussie Megersa, Tesfaye Alemu. Vol 35, No 2 (2012), CHROMOSOME STUDY OF SOME GRASSHOPPER ...

  5. Browse Title Index

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    Items 101 - 150 of 814 ... Issue, Title. Vol 17, No 1 (2012), Attitude of Nurses in Mulago Hospital Burns Unit to HIV/AIDS Burns Patients, Abstract PDF. R Alenyo, R Ssentongo, E Kalanzi, C Namatovu. Vol 8, No 1 (2003), Autotransfusion in penetrating chest war trauma with haemothorax: The Keysaney Hospital experience ...

  6. Browse Title Index

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    Items 201 - 250 of 473 ... Issue, Title. Vol 1, No 2 (1999), Enhancement of protein in Cassava (in vitro), Abstract. D Eruvbetine, EB Oguntona, LO Adegbenro. Vol 5, No 1 (2002), Estimating growth, instability indices and levels of associations in number and value of loans guaranteed under agricultural credit guaranteed scheme ...

  7. Browse Title Index

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    Items 7051 - 7100 of 11090 ... Issue, Title. Vol 8, No 20 (2009), Mapping of QTLs for frost tolerance and heading time using SSR markers in bread wheat, Abstract PDF. O Sofalian, SA Mohammadi, S Aharizad, M Moghaddam, MR Shakiba. Vol 9, No 50 (2010), Mapping of QTLs for leaf area and the association with winter ...

  8. Browse Title Index

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    Items 201 - 250 of 458 ... Issue, Title. Vol 32, No 2 (2011), Grid Keratotomy for Treatment of Atypical Presenting Indolent Corneal Ulceration in a Boxer, Abstract PDF. Sarbani Hazra, Himangshu Palui. Vol 36, No 4 (2015), Gross and morphometric anatomical changes of the thyroid gland in the West African Dwarf Goat (Capra ...

  9. Browse Title Index

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    Items 51 - 100 of 282 ... Issue, Title. Vol 17, No 1 (2016), Comparison and suitability of genotype by environment analysis methods for yield-related traits of pearl millet, Abstract PDF. G Lubadde, J Ebiyau, B Akello, M.A. Ugen. Vol 16, No 1 (2015), Comparison of in vitro digestibility using slaughtered and fistulated cattle as ...

  10. Browse Title Index

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    Items 301 - 350 of 350 ... Issue, Title. Vol 3, No 2 (2007), Socio-economic characteristics of cattle farmers and their perceptions of climatic effects on cattle production in Kwara State, Nigeria, Abstract ... Vol 6, No 3 (2010), Survey of Hard Ticks (Ixodidae) Infesting Camels (Camelus Dromedarius) in Kano State, Nigeria, Abstract.

  11. Browse Title Index

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    Items 301 - 350 of 635 ... Issue, Title. Vol 7, No 2 (2014): Supplement, Farmers' Perception and Adaptation to Climate Change: Heckman's Two Stage Sample Selection Model, Abstract PDF. U Tilahun, A Bedemo. Vol 4, No 1 (2011), Farmers' Perception and Reponses to Soil erosion in Zing Local Government Area of Taraba ...

  12. Browse Title Index

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    Items 101 - 150 of 399 ... Issue, Title. Vol 49, No 2 (2015), Determinants of physicians' intention to collect data exhaustively in registries: an exploratory study in Bamako's community health centres, Abstract PDF. BA Ly, MP Gagnon, F Legare, M Rousseau, D Simonyan. Vol 45, No 2 (2011), Diabetic foot care: Self reported ...

  13. Browse Title Index

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    Items 101 - 113 of 113 ... Issue, Title. Vol 6, No 1 (2014), The e-waste conundrum: Balancing evidence from the North and on-the-ground developing countries' realities for improved management, Abstract PDF. M Martin Oteng-Ababio, E F Amankwaa. Vol 2, No 2 (2011), The Impact of Corporate Board Meetings on Corporate ...

  14. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 149 ... Issue, Title. Vol 1, No 2 (2003), A study of annexin-V labeled-lymphocytes apoptosis in pediatric-onset systemic lupus erythematosus in comparison to juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Abstract PDF. Ashraf A Salama, Hoda Y Tomoum, Afaf A Mostafa, Emad M Mourad. Vol 10, No 2 (2012), Allergen-specific ...

  15. Browse Title Index

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    Items 51 - 100 of 107 ... Issue, Title. Vol 3, No 1 (2005), Job satisfaction of journalism graduates in Pakistan, Abstract. S Riaz. Vol 9, No 2 (2013): Special Issue, Land Tenure Induced Deforestation and Environmental Degradation in Ethiopia: The Case of Arbagugu State Forest Development and Protection Project (A Historical ...

  16. Browse Title Index

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    Items 101 - 137 of 137 ... Issue, Title. Vol 4, No 1 (2010), The Director as a Theatre Critic: The Case of Dapo Adelugba, Abstract PDF. N Nnenyelike. Vol 3, No 1 (2009), The drama in cross-cultural marriages and stereotypes in central Nigeria: The tiv-igede paradigm in the global age, Abstract PDF. GA Doki. Vol 10, No 2 (2016) ...

  17. Browse Title Index

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    Items 901 - 950 of 1427 ... Issue, Title. Vol 17, No 3 (2017), Onset and duration of cycloplegic action of 1% cyclopentolate – 1% tropicamide combination, Abstract PDF. Samuel Kyei, Alfred Asiem Nketsiah, Kofi Asiedu, Agnes Awuah, Andrew Owusu-Ansah. Vol 16, No 4 (2016), Opiate withdrawal syndrome in buprenorphine ...

  18. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 82 ... Issue, Title. Vol 7, No 2 (2010), A Markov deterioration model for predicting recurrent maintenance of a network of roads: a case study of Niger state, Nigeria. Abstract PDF. YA Jimoh, AY Adama. Vol 10, No 1 (2013), A Method for Solving the Voltage and Torque Equations of the Split-Phase Induction ...

  19. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 921 ... Issue, Title. Vol 9, No 1 (2005), "Abortion? That's for women!" Narratives and experiences of commercial motorbike riders in South-Western Uganda, Abstract. Stella Nyanzi, Barbara Nyanzi, Kalina Bessie. Vol 3, No 2 (1999), Editorial: Safe Abortion in Africa: Ending the Silence and Starting a Movement ...

  20. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 392 ... Issue, Title .... Vol 44, No 2 (2006), Adult tonsillectomy - are long waiting lists putting patients at risk? ... G Watermeyer, MEC van Wyk, PA Goldberg ... CR de Jager, RJ Moont, NE Pearce ... testosterone and adverse prognostic factors in men diagnosed with prostate cancer in KwaZulu-Natal, Abstract PDF.

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    Issue, Title. Vol 9, No 2 (2010), Utilization of community-based outpatient addiction treatment programmes in Kenya, Abstract PDF. CS Deveau, L Tengia, C Mutua, S Njoroge, L Dajoh, B Singer. Vol 7, No 1 (2008), Volume of alcohol consumption, patterns of drinking and burden of disease in sub-Saharan Africa, 2002 ...

  2. Browse Title Index

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    Items 8251 - 8300 of 11090 ... Issue, Title. Vol 1, No 2 (2002), Physiological and molecular insights into drought tolerance, Abstract PDF. Sagadevan G Mundree, Bienyameen Baker, Shaheen Mowla, Shaun Peters, Saberi Marais, Clare Vander Willigen, Kershini Govender, Alice Maredza, Samson Muyanga, Jill M Farrant, ...

  3. Browse Title Index

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    Items 151 - 200 of 210 ... Issue, Title. Vol 13, No 2 (2016), Social determinants of self-care subsequent to major medical surgery at the Central Regional Teaching Hospital in Ghana, Abstract PDF. William Boateng. Vol 7, No 1 (2010), Socio-Economic and Cultural Determinants of Girl-Child Education in Gushegu/Karaga ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 30, No 3 (2012), Corpus-based language teaching: An African language perspective, Abstract ... Vol 33, No 1 (2015), Development and Validation of an EFL Self-Regulated Learning Questionnaire, Abstract ... Vol 32, No 1 (2014), Domains of H tone spreading and the noun class prefix in Xitsonga, Abstract.

  5. Browse Title Index

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    Items 101 - 127 of 127 ... Issue, Title. Vol 3, No 1 (2011), Role of the African Council for Distance Education in Fostering Quality Assurance in Open and Distance Learning in Africa, Abstract. O Rotimi, J Sanusi. Vol 4, No 2 (2013), Sampling in Qualitative Research: Improving the Quality of Research Outcomes in Higher ...

  6. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 74 ... Issue, Title. Vol 4, No 1-2 (2013), 'From the classroom to stage': developing an African popular music pedagogy, Abstract PDF. AM Emielu. Vol 4, No 1-2 (2013), A review of literature: rape and communication media strategies in Nigeria, Abstract PDF. OT Akinwole, OS Omoera. Vol 2, No 1-2 (2008), A Study ...

  7. Browse Title Index

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    Items 351 - 400 of 650 ... Issue, Title. Vol 10, No 1 (2017), Inhibitory effect of isolated Lupeol from stem bark of Diospyros mespiliformis Horsch (Ebenaceae) against some microbial pathogens, Abstract PDF. A Anas, A Ahmed, S Umar, U.M. Jajere, E.H. Mshelia, O Natasha. Vol 3, No 1 (2010), Interventional studies of ...

  8. Browse Title Index

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    Items 101 - 150 of 846 ... Issue, Title. Vol 9, No 3 (2017), Assessment of nutrient contamination in surface water, case study of Ain Zada Dam (North-East of Algeria), Abstract PDF. A Mebarkia, A Haouchine, A Boudoukha, R Nedjai. Vol 5, No 2 (2013), Assessment of water quality index for groundwater of Valsad district of south ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 38, No 1 (2004), Book Review: Unexpected Voices – Theory, Practice and Identity in the Writing Classroom. Abstract. Charly Dyers. Vol 38, No 1 (2004), Book Review: Shelley Angelil-Carter: Stolen Language? Plagiarism in Writing. Abstract. Elizabeth de Kadt. Vol 37, No 1 (2003), Book Review: The Green ...

  10. Browse Title Index

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    Items 401 - 450 of 522 ... Issue, Title. Vol 12, No 1 (2006), Spectral entropy and haemodynamic response to surgery during sevoflurane anaesthesia, Abstract PDF. FJ Smith, E Dannhauser. Vol 19, No 3 (2013), Spinal anaesthesia for brachytherapy for carcinoma of the cervix: a comparison of two dose regimens of hyperbaric ...

  11. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 231 ... Issue, Title. Vol 16, No 2 (2004), A Comparative Analysis of Students\\' Characteristics and the Impact these have on Student Unrest: The Case of Three Universities in Harare, Abstract. Muchadei Alex Nyota. Vol 24, No 3 (2012), A Comparative Analysis of the Causes of Primary School Dropout in an Urban ...

  12. Browse Title Index

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    Items 151 - 200 of 633 ... Issue, Title. Vol 19, No 1 (2009), Delays in Tuberculosis Treatment and Associated Factors in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia, Abstract PDF. Ayalew Tegegn, Meseret Yazachew. Vol 26, No 1 (2016), Delivery Site Preferences and Associated Factors among Married Women of Child Bearing Age in ...

  13. Browse Title Index

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    Items 151 - 168 of 168 ... Issue, Title. Vol 41 (2012), Understanding 'Poinry face': What is criminology for? Abstract PDF. B Dixon. Vol 48 (2014), Unsustainable and unjust: Criminal justice policy and remand detention since 1994, Abstract PDF. J Redpath. Vol 32 (2010), Using data to make a difference: Understanding crime ...

  14. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 1006 ... Issue, Title. Vol 56, No 2 (2014), Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence studies on humans and animals in Africa, Abstract PDF. K Hammond-Aryee, M Esser, PD Van Helden. Vol 51, No 1 (2009), A Bibliometric Analysis of Research Publications Funded Partially by the Cancer Association of South Africa ...

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    Items 101 - 150 of 1427 ... Issue, Title. Vol 10, No 3 (2010), Ameliorative effects of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius on alloxan toxicity in Wistar rats, Abstract PDF. O.I Azeez, A.A Oyagbemi, M.O Oyeyemi, A.A Odetola. Vol 12, No 4 (2012), Amlodipine-induced gingival hyperplasia in chronic renal failure: a case report, Abstract PDF.

  16. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 15 of 15 ... Issue, Title. Vol 1, No 1 (2007), An Action Five Strategy For Bridging The Gender Gap In Academic Research Activities In African Universities. The Case of Nigeria, Abstract PDF. DN Okorie, OG Agabi, CM Uche. Vol 1, No 1 (2007), Book Review: Confronting sexual harassment in Ghanaian Universities ...

  17. Browse Title Index

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    Items 451 - 500 of 518 ... Issue, Title. Vol 8, No 3 (2016): Special Issue, The effects of (ethanolic, methanolic, and aqueous) extracts of Cinnamomum zeylanicum and Thymus vulgaris with clotrimazol ointment in preventing the growth of Candidad albicans fungus, Abstract PDF. E Saffarieh, R Pazoki, S Aghaamoo, E Jahan.

  18. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 172 ... Issue, Title. Vol 35, No 3 (2006): Politics and the Imagination, 'To Think Representatively': Arendt on Judgment and the Imagination, Abstract. Maurizio Passerin d Entreves. Vol 36, No 1 (2007):, A Non-Modal Conception of Secondary Properties, Abstract. Manuel García-Carpintero. Vol 30, No 3 (2001): ...

  19. Browse Title Index

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    Items 551 - 600 of 911 ... Issue, Title. Vol 16, No 1 (2012), Nigerian Lawyers and Reproductive Health Rights: A Survey of Knowledge, Practices and Opinions on Law Reforms among the Bar and Bench in North Eastern Nigeria, Abstract PDF. Abdulkarim Garba Mairiga, Ado Dan'azumi Geidam, Babagana Bako, Abdullahi ...

  20. Browse Title Index

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    Items 51 - 100 of 247 ... Issue, Title. Vol 9, No 1 (2014), Biochemical response of normal albino rats to the addition of aqueous leaves extract of Hibiscus cannabinus and Murraya koenigii in rats drinking water, Abstract PDF. SA James, MJ Ladan, R Auta, J Audu, A Garba. Vol 4, No 1 (2009), Bioconversion of cassava starch to ...

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    Items 301 - 350 of 425 ... Issue, Title. Vol 36 (2005), Nutrient status of some soils supporting rubber (Hevea brasil iensis Arg. Muell) in Midwestern Nigeria, Abstract. IK Ugwa, Jr Orimoloye, TU Esekhade. Vol 35 (2004), Nutritional physcio-chemical properties of snake gourd Trichosanthes cucumerina pulp compared to tomatoe ...

  2. Browse Title Index

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    Items 251 - 300 of 641 ... Issue, Title. Vol 3, No 4 (2013), Fetal Macrosomia: Risk Factors, Maternal, and Perinatal Outcome, Abstract PDF. A Mohammadbeigi, F Farhadifar, N Soufi Zadeh, N Mohammadsalehi, M Rezaiee, M Aghaei. Vol 3, No 3 (2013), Fever of Unknown Origin: A Case of Post Obstructive Pneumonia ...

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    Items 301 - 350 of 391 ... Issue, Title. Vol 1, No 3 (1999):, Selection and in-vitro propagation of five cassava (Manihot esculenta, Crantz) cultivars, Abstract. K. E. Danso, E. Acheampong, H. M. Amoatey. Vol 12, No 1 (2010), Selection of New Standard Crosses for the Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis J.) Third Cycle of Selection ...

  4. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 425 ... Issue, Title. Vol 34 (2003), A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CAPTURE FISHERIES ON THE WESTERN AND EASTERN SHORES OF KAINJI LAKE BASIN, NIGERIA, Abstract. M.A.Y RAHJI. Vol 40, No 1-2 (2009), A comparative study of gender roles in indigenous processing and marketing of yam and ...

  5. Browse Title Index

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    Items 251 - 260 of 260 ... Issue, Title. Vol 46 (2006), The use of two biological formulations of Bacillus Thuringiensis and Bacillus Sphaericus in the control of mosquito vectors of malaria in drains and rice fields, Abstract. M H Ocran, F Akpabey. Vol 47 (2007), The Wildlife Trade In Ghana: A Threat To Biodiversity Conservation ...

  6. Browse Title Index

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    Items 51 - 100 of 452 ... Issue, Title. Vol 16, No 1 (2015), Association of β-fibrinogen promoter gene polymorphism (148C/T), hyperfibrinogenemia and ischemic stroke in young adult patients, Abstract PDF. I Imran, R Lamsudin, P Idjradinata, TH Achmad, A Maskoen, S Wibowo, H Harapan. Vol 17, No 1 (2016), Association of ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 23, No 1 (2016), La teneur en iode du sel de cuisine consommé à Lubumbashi et le statut iode des personnes vulnérables: cas de femmes enceintes de milieux défavorisés, Abstract. Bienvenue Ilunga Banza, Jean Baptiste Simbi Lumbu, Philippe Donnen, Eugène Kabange Twite, Daniel Mikobi Kwete, ...

  8. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 37 of 37 ... Issue, Title. Vol 12, No 1 (2006), A critical analysis of paradigms and rights in disability dicources, Abstract. L Nyirinkindi. Vol 12, No 2 (2006), A Critique Of The Rights Of Refugees Under The OAU Convention Governing The Specific Aspects Of Refugee Problems In Africa, Abstract. OS Oyelade. Vol 14, No ...

  9. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 247 ... Issue, Title. Vol 6, No 2 (2011), In vitro Aantimalarial Activity of the Extracts of Vernonia amygdalina Commonly Used In Traditional Medicine In Nigeria, Abstract PDF. KK Sha'a, S Oguche, IM Watila, TF Ikpa. Vol 12, No 1 (2017), In vitro antioxidant activity of n-butanol extract of Curcuma longa and its ...

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    Items 301 - 350 of 432 ... Issue, Title. Vol 21, No 1 (2016), Selection criteria for a radiography programme in South Africa: Predictors for academic success in the first year of study, Abstract PDF. Carol Anne Kridiotis, Johan Bezuidenhout, Jacques Raubenheimer. Vol 10, No 4 (2005), Service-learning in nursing: Integrating ...

  11. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 85 ... Issue, Title. Vol 4, No 1 (2012), Helicobacter Pylori: Serological Testing and Treatment in Uninvestigated Dyspepsia: Randomized Control Study in Northern Nigeria, Abstract. OA Solomon, TD Thacher, AO Ajayi. Vol 8, No 2 (2016), Helicobacter pylori and upper digestive diseases - diagnosis through real ...

  12. Browse Title Index

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    Issue, Title. Vol 33, No 3 (2011), Transit station or destination? Attendance patterns, movements and abundance estimate of humpback whales off west South Africa from photographic and genotypic matching, Abstract. J Barendse, PB Best, M Thornton, SH Elwen, HC Rosenbaum, I Carvalho, C Pomilla, TJQ Collins, MA ...

  13. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 113 ... Issue, Title. Vol 8, No 2 (2016), 2010 FIFA World Cup stadium investment: Does the post-event usage justify the expenditure? Abstract. Luke Humphrey, Gavin Fraser. Vol 6, No 1 (2014), 7Implication of mergers and acquisitions on stock returns before and during the 2007–2009 credit crunch: An event ...

  14. Browse Title Index

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    Items 351 - 400 of 1199 ... Issue, Title. Vol 5, No 1 (2011), Effective Classroom Management Techniques for Secondary Schools, Abstract PDF. RI Asiyai. Vol 9, No 2 (2015), Effective Management of Human Resources for Business and Church Growth, Abstract PDF. SA Jaja, LO Arugu. Vol 6, No 3 (2012), Effective Management ...

  15. Browse Title Index

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    Items 101 - 150 of 227 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index ... Vol 7, No 1 (2015): Supplement 1, Impact of a quality improvement project to strengthen infection prevention and control training at rural healthcare facilities ... Vol 2, No 1 (2010), Is temperament a key to the success of teaching innovation?

  16. Browse Title Index

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    Items 51 - 97 of 97 ... Issue, Title. Vol 4, No 3 (2015), Malaria and intestinal parasites in pregnant and non-pregnant women: a comparative study at the University Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana, Abstract PDF. E. Agboli, S.C.K. Tay, C. Obirikorang, E.Y. Aidoo. Vol 1, No 4 (2012), Management of complex ankle fracture: A Ghanaian ...

  17. Browse Title Index

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    Issue, Title. Vol 74 (2014), Isolation, characterization and primary screening of soil actinomycetes from Kenyatta University arboretum grounds for antibacterial activities, Abstract PDF. OY Khasabuli, AN Kibera. Vol 114 (2017), Isolement par partition bio guidé du principe actif myostimulant de l'extrait aqueux de Mareya ...

  18. Browse Title Index

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    Items 151 - 200 of 244 ... Issue, Title. Vol 22, No 1-4 (2010), Ocular features seen in children with hydrocephalus at University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu: a case series, Abstract. FC Maduka-Okafor, UF Ezepue. Vol 25, No 3-4 (2013), Ocular manifestations and outcome of treatment of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: ...

  19. Browse Title Index

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    Issue, Title. Vol 21, No 1 (2015), Lingual botryomycoma in the aftermath of Stevens-Johnson syndrome, Abstract PDF. Houyam Moundib, Fouzia Hali. Vol 17, No 1 (2014), Lipid profile frequency and the prevalence of dyslipidaemia from biochemical tests at Saint Louis University Hospital in Senegal, Abstract PDF.

  20. Browse Title Index

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    Issue, Title. Vol 3, No 1 (2014), Utilisation and diagnostic yield of large bowel endoscopy at Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Abstract PDF. JCB Dakubo, B Seshie, LNA Ankrah. Vol 2, No 2 (2013), Visual Impairment and Ocular Findings among Deaf and Hearing Impaired School Children in Central Region, Ghana, Abstract PDF.

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    Items 51 - 100 of 1117 ... Issue, Title. Vol 21, No 2 (2015), A cross-over from Sport Psychology to the Psychology of Music: An intervention study on undergraduate music students, Abstract. BJM Steyn, MH Steyn, DJF Maree, C Panebianco-Warrens. Vol 16, No 2 (2010), A descriptive and factor analytical study of salient ...

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    Items 1 - 50 of 116 ... Issue, Title. Vol 25 (2005), 'Stop this filth': The censorship of Roger Lucey's music in apartheid South Africa, Abstract. M Drewett ... Vol 26 (2007), 'This Is Our Sport!' Christmas Band ... Vol 34-35, No 1 (2015), Book Review: Sounding the Cape: Music, Identity and Politics in South Africa, Abstract. Francesca ...

  3. Browse Title Index

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    Items 101 - 150 of 493 ... Issue, Title. Vol 30, No 1 (2010), Determinants of Under-Five Mortality in Builsa District, Upper East Region, Ghana, Abstract PDF. K Osei-Kwakye, E Otupiri, E Owusu Dabo, ENL Browne, M Adjuik. Vol 29, No 2 (2009), Determination Of Segmented Angular Shapes For Circular Areas Of Thermal ...

  4. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 521 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index ... Vol 22, No 8 (2004), A medical approach to language delay, Abstract PDF ... Vol 29, No 3 (2011), Advanced magnetic resonance imaging of the brain: MRI is now the ...

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    Items 201 - 250 of 432 ... Issue, Title. Vol 21, No 1 (2016), Knowledge, perceptions and practices of pharmacovigilance amongst community and hospital pharmacists in a selected district of North West Province, South Africa, Abstract PDF. M.C. Joubert, Panjasaram Naidoo. Vol 9, No 2 (2004), Leadership in Health Services ...

  6. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 50 of 990 ... Issue, Title. Vol 11, No 1 (1997), (+)-Floribundone 3 from the pods of Senna septemtrionalis, Details PDF. Gizachew Alemayehu, Bekuretsion Woldeyesus, Berhanu M Abegaz. Vol 14, No 1 (2000), 11α-Hydroxy muzigadiolide, a novel drimane sesquiterpene from the stem bark of warburgia ugandensis ...

  7. Browse Title Index

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    Items 1 - 11 of 11 ... Issue, Title. Vol 2, No 1-2 (2009), Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns Of Salmonella Species In Contemporary Medical Practice: Challenges And Prospects In Treatment Of Enteric Fevers, Abstract. GTA Jombo, MNO Enenebeaku, SJ Utsalo. Vol 2, No 1-2 (2009), Beliefs And Practice Concerning Pregnancy ...

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    Issue, Title. Vol 38, No 1 (2016), Changes in insulin resistance and adipokines in obese women following a 12-week programme of combined exercise training, Abstract. Dong-Il Seo, Wi-Young So, Dong Jun Sung. Vol 36, No 2 (2014), Changing relationships with significant others: Reflections of National and International ...

  9. [The effects of media violence on aggression: focus on the role of anger evoked by provocation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yukawa, S; Endo, K; Yoshida, F

    2001-04-01

    This study investigated the effects of anger evoked by earlier provocation on cognition, emotion, and aggressive behavior after being exposed to media violence. Sixty male undergraduates participated in the experiment. Before viewing one of three videos (either highly violent, violent with high entertainment, or nonviolent), half of the subjects were provoked by a confederate posing as another subject. Subjects' heart rates and eyeblink rates were recorded while viewing the video. After viewing the video, subjects described their thoughts that occurred while watching the video and rated their affective reactions toward the video. Finally, subjects' aggressive behavior toward the confederate was measured. Results of covariance structure analysis suggested that (a) anger evoked by provocation and high level of violence in videos additively elicited negative cognition and affect, which further facilitated aggressive behavior, and (b) high level of entertainment in videos elicited positive cognition and affect, which alleviated negative cognition and affect.

  10. Experimental panic provocation in healthy man—a translational role in anti-panic drug development?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellner, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Experimental neurochemical provocation of panic attacks in susceptible human subjects has considerably expanded our knowledge of the pathophysiology and psychopharmacology of panic disorder. Some panicogens also elicit short-lived panic-like states in healthy man. This offers the opportunity to assess the anti-panic action of drugs in proof-of-concept studies. However, from current data it is still unclear whether experimental panic in healthy man is a valid translational model. Most such studies in healthy volunteers have been performed using a cholecystokinin tetrapeptide (CCK-4) challenge. While CCK-4 panic was blocked by alprazolam pretreatment, escitalopram showed negative results in healthy man. Preliminary findings on novel investigational drugs and a few problematic results will be reviewed. Small sample sizes in many panic provocation studies, lack of dose-response aspects, and still-insufficient knowledge about the biological underpinning of experimental and spontaneous panic limit the interpretation of existing findings and should inspire further research. PMID:22275853

  11. Hostile attribution biases for relationally provocative situations and event-related potentials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godleski, Stephanie A; Ostrov, Jamie M; Houston, Rebecca J; Schlienz, Nicolas J

    2010-04-01

    This exploratory study investigates how hostile attribution biases for relationally provocative situations may be related to neurocognitive processing using the P300 event-related potential. Participants were 112 (45 women) emerging adults enrolled in a large, public university in upstate New York. Participants completed self-report measures on relational aggression and hostile attribution biases and performed an auditory perseveration task to elicit the P300. It was found that hostile attribution biases for relational provocation situations was associated with a larger P300 amplitude above and beyond the role of hostile attribution biases for instrumental situations, relational aggression, and gender. Larger P300 amplitude is interpreted to reflect greater allocation of cognitive resources or enhanced "attending" to salient stimuli. Implications for methodological approaches to studying aggression and hostile attribution biases and for theory are discussed, as well as implications for the fields of developmental psychology and psychopathology. Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Bronchial provocation testing does not detect exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walsted, Emil Schwarz; Hull, James H; Sverrild, Asger

    2017-01-01

    and possible asthma referred over 6 months. All subjects received comprehensive assessment including a detailed clinical evaluation; pulmonary function testing, indirect and direct bronchial provocation testing, and CLE testing. RESULTS: Out of 37 subjects, moderate or severe EILO was diagnosed in 8 subjects......INTRODUCTION: Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is a key differential diagnosis for asthma in the presence of exertional respiratory symptoms. Continuous laryngoscopy during exercise (CLE), the current gold standard diagnostic test for EILO, has practical limitations. We aimed...... (22%, all female) while 5 (14%) had both asthma and EILO. There was no correlation between degree of EILO during CLE and mean decrease in forced inspiratory flow (%FIF50) obtained during neither the Methacholine (r = -0.15; p = 0.38) nor Mannitol (r = 0.04; p = 0.84) provocation tests. CONCLUSION...

  13. Teens With Heavy Prenatal Cocaine Exposure Respond to Experimental Social Provocation with Escape Not Aggression

    OpenAIRE

    Greenwald, M.K.; Chiodo, L.M.; Hannigan, J.H.; Sokol, R.J.; Janisse, J.; Delaney-Black, V.

    2010-01-01

    Preclinical data show that, compared to no exposure, prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) has age-dependent effects on social interaction and aggression. The aim of this clinical study was to determine how heavy/persistent PCE – after controlling for other prenatal drug exposures, sex and postnatal factors – predicts behavioral sensitivity to provocation (i.e., reactive aggression) using a well-validated human laboratory model of aggression. African American teens (mean = 14.2 yrs old) with histor...

  14. North Korea’s Provocation and Escalation Calculus: Dealing with the Kim Jong-un Regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    rhetoric coming from Pyongyang during the Foal Eagle/Key Resolve exercises was in many respects unprecedented. Pyongyang moved up the escalatory ladder...2014 Foal Eagle/Key Resolve exercise, there were concerns in both South Korea and the United States that North Korea would respond with provocations...of the spokesman for the KPA General Staff in response to the annual Key Resolve/ Foal Eagle exercise. The wording of the statement seemed designed to

  15. Stratifying migraine patients based on dynamic pain provocation over the upper cervical spine

    OpenAIRE

    Luedtke, Kerstin; May, Arne

    2017-01-01

    Background Migraine patients usually report a high prevalence of neck pain preceding or during the migraine attack. A recent investigation of musculoskeletal dysfunctions in migraine patients concluded that neck pain is not simply a symptom of the migraine attack but corresponds to identifiable muscle and joint alterations. Particularly pain provocation using palpation of the joints in the upper cervical spine was significantly more prevalent in patients with migraine than in headache-free pa...

  16. Can migraine aura be provoked experimentally? A systematic review of potential methods for the provocation of migraine aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindblad, Marianne; Hougaard, Anders; Amin, Faisal Mohammad

    2017-01-01

    Background The nature of the migraine aura and its role in migraine pathophysiology is incompletely understood. In particular, the mechanisms underlying aura initiation and the causal relation between aura and headache are unknown. The scientific investigation of aura in patients is only possible...... if aura can be triggered. This paper reviews potential methods for the experimental provocation of migraine aura. Methods We systematically searched PubMed for studies of experimental migraine provocation, including case reports of patients with aura and reports of the occurrence of aura following...... exposure to any kind of suspected trigger. Results We identified 21 provocation studies, using 13 different prospective provocation methods, and 34 case reports. In the prospective studies, aura were reported following the administration of intravenous and sublingual glyceryl trinitrate, visual stimulation...

  17. Habitual Starvation and Provocative Behaviors: Two Potential Routes to Extreme Suicidal Behavior in Anorexia Nervosa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selby, Edward A.; Smith, April R.; Bulik, Cynthia M.; Olmsted, Marion P.; Thornton, Laura; McFarlane, Traci L.; Berrettini, Wade H.; Brandt, Harry A.; Crawford, Steve; Fichter, Manfred M.; Halmi, Katherine A.; Jacoby, Georg E.; Johnson, Craig L.; Jones, Ian; Kaplan, Allan S.; Mitchell, James E.; Nutzinger, Detlev O.; Strober, Michael; Treasure, Janet; Woodside, D. Blake; Kaye, Walter H.; Joiner, Thomas E.

    2016-01-01

    Anorexia nervosa (AN) is perhaps the most lethal mental disorder, in part due to starvation-related health problems, but especially because of high suicide rates. One potential reason for high suicide rates in AN may be that those affected face pain and provocation on many fronts, which may in turn reduce their fear of pain and thereby increase risk for death by suicide. The purpose of the following studies was to explore whether repetitive exposure to painful and destructive behaviors such as vomiting, laxative use, and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) was a mechanism that linked AN-binge-purging (ANBP) subtype, as opposed to AN-restricting subtype (ANR), to extreme suicidal behavior. Study 1 utilized a sample of 787 individuals diagnosed with one or the other subtype of AN, and structural equation modeling results supported provocative behaviors as a mechanism linking ANBP to suicidal behavior. A second, unexpected mechanism emerged linking ANR to suicidal behavior via restricting. Study 2, which used a sample of 249 AN patients, replicated these findings, including the second mechanism linking ANR to suicide attempts. Two potential routes to suicidal behavior in AN appear to have been identified: one route through repetitive experience with provocative behaviors for ANBP, and a second for exposure to pain through the starvation of restricting in ANR. PMID:20398895

  18. Compatibility of Clinical Manifestation with Skin Prick Test Result and Food Provocation Test in Food Cross Reaction

    OpenAIRE

    Lubis, Azwin; Barlianto, Wisnu; Endaryanto, Anang; Harsono, Ariyanto

    2017-01-01

    Background: Subjective diagnostic test of food allergy is hugely biased, resulting in irrational diet avoidance. Additional objective tools by skin prick test following food provocation test resulting more accurate cause and prevalence on population. Purpose: To evaluate the compatibility of clinical symptoms with skin prick test and provocation test for imunoglobulin E (IgE) mediated food allergy in Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya. Methods: Cross sectional observational analytic study. Patient...

  19. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Issue, Title. Vol 5, No 3 (2011), Caractérisation de souches d'Aspergillus spp isolées des graines d'arachides cultivées au Burkina Faso, Afrique de l'Ouest, Abstract PDF .... Vol 1, No 2 (2007), Caractérisation et étude de la germination des diaspores de Tetracarpidium conophorum (Müll. Arg.) Hutch. et Dalz. Abstract PDF.

  20. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 513 ... Issue, Title. Vol 38, No 2 (2017), -308G>A (rs1800629)and -244G>A(rs673) polymorphisms at the promoter region of the TNF-α gene in severe malaria patients in north-central Nigeria, Abstract. S.I. Oyedeji, H.O. Awobode, P.U. Bassi, F.K. Jürgen. Vol 36, No 1 (2015), Albicans candidiasis amongs women ...

  1. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 201 - 250 of 683 ... Issue, Title. Vol 86, No 3 (2015), Current conservation status of the Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea Sundevall 1850 in Africa, Abstract. S.W. Evans, A Monadjem, L Roxburgh, A.E. McKechnie, E.M. Baker, R.B. Kizungu, I.T. Little, F Matsvimbo, R.K. Mulwa, D Mwizabi, D Nalwanga, K Ndang'ang'a, ...

  2. Susceptibility to UV-A and UV-B provocation does not correlate with disease severity of polymorphic light eruption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssens, Artiena Soe; Pavel, Stan; Ling, Tsui; Winhoven, Sandra Maria; Anastasopoulou, Nikoletta; Stratigos, Alexander; Antoniou, Christina; Diepgen, Thomas; de Gruijl, Frank; Rhodes, Lesley Elisabeth

    2007-05-01

    To examine whether the ease of disease provocation by UV-A and/or UV-B radiation correlates with clinical features of polymorphic light eruption (PLE), including those indicative of disease severity. Intervention study. One hundred forty-three patients with PLE. Provocation testing with broadband UV-A and UV-B lamps. Additionally, a range of clinical characteristics of the disorder, including a 5-item PLE severity score, was assessed by questionnaire. Percentage of PLE rash induction by UV-A and UV-B provocation, differences between the skin types, and correlation between the results of provocation and a range of clinical characteristics of the disorder, including a 5-item PLE severity score. Rash provocation was seen in 78.3% of patients after UV-A and in 46.7% after UV-B exposure. Neither UV-A nor UV-B provocation showed a significant association with the total 5-item severity score. The UV-B reactivity was associated with a high score on the severity item "number of months affected per year" (P = .04), whereas UV-A responsiveness showed a tendency for association with facial involvement (P = .06). The objective assessment of UV-A or UV-B susceptibility in this large group of patients showed no significant relationship with clinical disease severity.

  3. Poor title--poor manuscript?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gjersvik, Petter; Gulbrandsen, Pål; Aasheim, Erlend T; Nylenna, Magne

    2013-12-10

    The title of a scientific article is important for several reasons. Does the title of a manuscript submitted for publication in a medical journal reflect the quality of the manuscript itself? We prepared criteria for poor, fair and good titles and tested them in pilot studies. All manuscripts submitted to the Journal of the Norwegian Medical Association during the period 1 September 2009-31 August 2011 as original articles (n = 211) or review articles (n = 110) were recorded. The quality of the titles was scored by two former editors. Primary outcome measures were rejection rates and odds ratio for rejection of manuscripts with a poor title compared to those with a good title. For original articles, the rejection rate for manuscripts with a poor, fair or good title amounted to 88%, 73% and 61% (p = 0.002) respectively, and for review articles 83%, 56% and 38% (p title compared to those with a good title was 4.6 (95% CI: 1.7-12.3) for original articles and 8.2 (95% CI: 2.6-26.4) for review articles. In a logistic regression model, the quality of the title explained 14% and 27% of the variance in outcome for original articles and review articles respectively. In this study, a poor manuscript title was significantly associated with manuscript rejection. This indicates that the quality of the title often reflects the quality of the manuscript itself.

  4. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 301 - 350 of 406 ... ... Single-centre comparison of a novel single-step balloon inflation device and Amplatz sheath dilatation during percutaneous nephrolithotomy: A pilot study, Abstract PDF. AR Kalpee, R Venter, T Fourie. Vol 52, No 2 (2014), Single-stage definitive surgical treatment for portal biliopathy, Abstract PDF.

  5. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 151 - 200 of 226 ... Vol 28 (2011), Recent Developments in the Definition of Design Earthquake Ground Motions Calling for a Revision of the Current Ethiopian Seismic Code - EBCS 8: 1995, Abstract PDF. A Worku. Vol 14 (1997), Reduction of sulphate content from coated alumina SO2+4Al2O3 /AL (oxide layer) by the ...

  6. Preoperative cellulose porous beads for therapeutic embolization of meningioma: provocation test and technical considerations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kai, Yutaka; Morioka, Motohiro; Yano, Shigetoshi; Nakamura, Hideo; Makino, Keishi; Mizuno, Takamasa; Takeshima, Hideo; Kuratsu, Jun-ichi [Kumamoto University, Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto (Japan); Hamada, Jun-ichiro [Kanazawa University, Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa (Japan)

    2007-05-15

    Cellulose porous beads (CPBs) are exceptionally uniform in size and nonabsorbable and they provide highly effective tumor devascularization. The risk of cranial nerve palsy must not be overlooked when embolization with CPBs is considered in meningioma patients. We attempted to identify patients at risk of cranial nerve palsy after meningioma embolization. Prior to preoperative superselective embolization with 200 {mu}m diameter CPBs, 141 patients with meningioma underwent provocation test with lidocaine and amytal. They were divided into two groups on the basis of whether they were or were not considered eligible for embolization. We evaluated the differences between the two groups with respect to tumor anatomy, angiographic findings, and clinical presentation and recorded complications associated with the embolization of the meningioma. Of the 141 patients, 128 underwent CPB embolization (group 2); 13 were not embolized because their provocation test results were positive (group 1, n = 11) or because they showed vasospasm (n = 2). Group 1 patients had meningioma in the cavernous sinus or petroclival region. Characteristically, the feeders were of middle meningeal artery origin and exhibited a posteromedial course toward the petrous apex or cavernous sinus. In group 2 patients the middle meningeal artery was the feeder, but it lacked branches coursing posteromedially. Three of these patients experienced complications which included intratumoral hemorrhage (n = 2) and post-embolization hearing disturbance (n = 1). Patients with meningioma whose tumor-feeding arteries run posteromedially toward the petrous apex or cavernous sinus are at increased risk of post-embolization cranial nerve palsy. Appropriate protocols, including lidocaine and amytal provocation tests, may reduce the risk of complications after CPB embolization of the external carotid territory in this group of patients. (orig.)

  7. Contextual representations of negative images modulate intrusion frequency in an intrusion provocation paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krans, J; Pearson, D G; Maier, B; Moulds, M L

    2016-12-01

    To understand how memories of negative events become highly accessible in the context of trauma, we tested the hypothesis that contextual information modulates how easily intrusions can be provoked by perceptual stimuli.. Healthy participants viewed pictures depicting trauma scenes either with or without accompanying moderate (i.e. survival, recovery) or severe (i.e. fatality, permanent injury) outcome information. All participants viewed the same depictions of trauma scenes. Involuntary memories for the pictures were assessed using self-report diaries and an adapted version of the Impact of Event Scales (IES). A blurred picture perceptual priming paradigm was adapted to be used as an intrusion provocation task. The severe outcome group experienced a significantly higher frequency of intrusions on the intrusion provocation task in comparison to both moderate outcome and control (no-context) conditions. The severe outcome condition did not increase intrusions on the self-report diaries or the adapted IES. There was no effect of condition on ratings for the emotionality, self-relevance, valence, or seriousness of the trauma scenes. The analogue method should not be generalized directly to incidences of real-life trauma. It was unclear why differences in intrusion frequency were found in the provocation task only. The relative amount of individual conceptual and data-driven processing adopted by the participants was not assessed. Manipulating contextual information that determines the meaning of sensory-perceptual features for a trauma scene can modulate subsequent intrusion frequency in response to visually similar cues. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Titles are "serious stuff": a historical study of academic titles

    OpenAIRE

    Salager-Meyer, Françoise; Alcaraz Ariza, María Ángeles

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we carried out a diachronic analysis (1840-2009) of a corpus of 180 medical case report titles drawn from the British Medical Journal. We analyzed a series of quantitative variables (number of authors and their institutional affiliation, title length, and punctuation/grammatical data) and qualitative variables (authors’ collaboration and types of titles). The results of our research show various shifts over the period studied that could be attributed to the following factors: 1)...

  9. Ms.-Conceptions: Perceived Denotations and Connotations of the Title "Ms."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carney, A. Marie; Hamilton, Mykol C.

    To see what students think the title Ms. means, and also to see what implications and impressions they attach to Ms., a study questioned 68 college students (36 female, 32 male) on their best approximations of "dictionary definitions" for the titles Ms., Mr., Mrs., and Miss. Respondents also provided personal connotations for the titles…

  10. North Korea’s Choice of the Types of Provocation Against South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    System En Coree Du Nord (Paris: L’HarmaHan, 1997), 86–135. Ibid., Bong-hwa Jeong, North Korean Policy toward South Korea, 110–111. 30 Bong-hwa Jeong...consequence of behaviors (one’s own or those of one’s opponent) that cause a crisis in a stable condition. This event threatens core values of...the core process required prior to all of these studies is to verify whether there have been noteworthy similarities in the provocations within

  11. Evaluation of Perfusion and Thermal Parameters of Skin Tissue Using Cold Provocation and Thermographic Measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Strąkowska Maria

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Measurement of the perfusion coefficient and thermal parameters of skin tissue using dynamic thermography is presented in this paper. A novel approach based on cold provocation and thermal modelling of skin tissue is presented. The measurement was performed on a person’s forearm using a special cooling device equipped with the Peltier module. The proposed method first cools the skin, and then measures the changes of its temperature matching the measurement results with a heat transfer model to estimate the skin perfusion and other thermal parameters. In order to assess correctness of the proposed approach, the uncertainty analysis was performed.

  12. 77 FR 41670 - Definition of Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-16

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security 15 CFR Part 772 Definition of Terms CFR Correction In Title 15 of the... in the definition of ``Peak power'', and 5. On page 652, add the term ``Port of export''. 0 The text to be added--in alphabetical order--is set forth below: 772.1 Definitions of terms as used in the...

  13. 20 CFR 631.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definitions. 631.2 Section 631.2 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE III OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT General Provisions § 631.2 Definitions. In addition to the definitions contained...

  14. Can migraine aura be provoked experimentally? A systematic review of potential methods for the provocation of migraine aura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindblad, Marianne; Hougaard, Anders; Amin, Faisal Mohammad; Ashina, Messoud

    2017-01-01

    Background The nature of the migraine aura and its role in migraine pathophysiology is incompletely understood. In particular, the mechanisms underlying aura initiation and the causal relation between aura and headache are unknown. The scientific investigation of aura in patients is only possible if aura can be triggered. This paper reviews potential methods for the experimental provocation of migraine aura. Methods We systematically searched PubMed for studies of experimental migraine provocation, including case reports of patients with aura and reports of the occurrence of aura following exposure to any kind of suspected trigger. Results We identified 21 provocation studies, using 13 different prospective provocation methods, and 34 case reports. In the prospective studies, aura were reported following the administration of intravenous and sublingual glyceryl trinitrate, visual stimulation, physical activity, calcitonin gene-related peptide infusion, chocolate ingestion, and the intravenous injection of insulin. In addition, carotid artery puncture has consistently been reported as a trigger of aura. Conclusions No safe and efficient method for aura provocation exists at present, but several approaches could prove useful for this purpose.

  15. Aggression in Children with Conduct Problems and Callous-Unemotional Traits: Social Information Processing and Response to Peer Provocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helseth, Sarah A; Waschbusch, Daniel A; King, Sara; Willoughby, Michael T

    2015-11-01

    Callous/unemotional traits (CU) moderate children's conduct problems (CP) in numerous domains, including social functioning. The present study examined whether CU traits also moderate the aggressiveness of children's social information processing (SIP) and responses to varying intensities of peer provocation. Sixty elementary school-age children (46 males) were grouped into those without CP or CU (controls, n = 32), those with CP but not CU (CP-only; n = 14), and those with both CP and CU (CPCU, n = 14). Participants completed a task that measured two aspects of SIP (response generation and hostile attribution bias) and a computerized reaction time task (CRTT) that measured behavior, affect, and communication before and after provocation under instrumental and hostile aggressive conditions. Children with CPCU generated more aggressive responses than controls on measures of SIP. On the CRTT, all children exhibited reactive aggression following high provocation, but only children with CPCU exhibited proactive aggression, and reactive aggression following low provocation; no differences in affect were found. In a series of exploratory analyses, CPCU children communicated antisocially, while CP-only communicated prosocially. Finally, children with CPCU did not seem to hold a grudge following the final instance of provocation, instead gradually returning to baseline like their non-CU peers. These distinct social cognitive and behavioral profiles hint at different etiologies of CP and CPCU, underscoring the variability of aggression in these populations.

  16. What makes a good title?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Maria J

    2013-12-01

    The chances are the first thing you when you set out to write an article is the title. But what factors transform a mediocre title into a good title? Firstly, it should be both informative and specific, using words or phrases likely to be used when searching for information, for example 'nurse education' rather than simply 'nurse'. Secondly, it should be concise yet convey the main ideas clearly; articles with short titles reporting study findings have been found to attract higher numbers of viewing and citations. Thirdly, provide details of the study design to assist the reader in making an informed choice about the type of project your article is reporting. In taking these small steps when developing your title, your title can present a more concise, retrievable and clear articulation of your article. © 2013 The authors. Health Information and Libraries Journal © 2013 Health Libraries Group.

  17. Assessment of heat provocation tests on the human gingiva: the effect of periodontal disease and smoking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molnár, E; Lohinai, Z; Demeter, A; Mikecs, B; Tóth, Z; Vág, János

    2015-06-01

    Periodontal inflammation is associated with morphological changes in the blood vessels which may influence the regulation of gingival blood flow (GBF). Our aim was to adapt the heat provocation test to the human gingiva to assess vascular reactivity in periodontal inflammation. GBF was recorded by Laser Doppler Flowmetry before and after heat provocation in healthy volunteers (n = 50). Heat was generated either by warm saline or a halogen lamp. The latter method was also utilized for a heat test in non-smoking and smoking patients with periodontal inflammation. The circulatory parameters were correlated to the inflammatory marker, i.e. gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) production measured by Periotron. Local application of heat caused a rapid, significant and transient increase in GBF regardless of the method used. The increase in the speed and not in the concentration of moving blood cells was responsible for increased GBF. Higher GCF values were correlated with increased peak flow, flux pulse amplitude and faster restoration of GBF after the test in non-smokers, but not in smokers. The heat test could be a valuable tool to check the vascular reactivity of gingival vessels. Moderate periodontal inflammation may facilitate gingival vascular responsiveness which can be suppressed by smoking.

  18. Scopolamine provocation-based pharmacological MRI model for testing procognitive agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegedűs, Nikolett; Laszy, Judit; Gyertyán, István; Kocsis, Pál; Gajári, Dávid; Dávid, Szabolcs; Deli, Levente; Pozsgay, Zsófia; Tihanyi, Károly

    2015-04-01

    There is a huge unmet need to understand and treat pathological cognitive impairment. The development of disease modifying cognitive enhancers is hindered by the lack of correct pathomechanism and suitable animal models. Most animal models to study cognition and pathology do not fulfil either the predictive validity, face validity or construct validity criteria, and also outcome measures greatly differ from those of human trials. Fortunately, some pharmacological agents such as scopolamine evoke similar effects on cognition and cerebral circulation in rodents and humans and functional MRI enables us to compare cognitive agents directly in different species. In this paper we report the validation of a scopolamine based rodent pharmacological MRI provocation model. The effects of deemed procognitive agents (donepezil, vinpocetine, piracetam, alpha 7 selective cholinergic compounds EVP-6124, PNU-120596) were compared on the blood-oxygen-level dependent responses and also linked to rodent cognitive models. These drugs revealed significant effect on scopolamine induced blood-oxygen-level dependent change except for piracetam. In the water labyrinth test only PNU-120596 did not show a significant effect. This provocational model is suitable for testing procognitive compounds. These functional MR imaging experiments can be paralleled with human studies, which may help reduce the number of false cognitive clinical trials. © The Author(s) 2015.

  19. Experimental provocation of 'ice-cream headache' by ice cubes and ice water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mages, Stephan; Hensel, Ole; Zierz, Antonia Maria; Kraya, Torsten; Zierz, Stephan

    2017-04-01

    Background There are various studies on experimentally provoked 'ice-cream headache' or 'headache attributed to ingestion or inhalation of a cold stimulus' (HICS) using different provocation protocols. The aim of this study was to compare two provocation protocols. Methods Ice cubes pressed to the palate and fast ingestion of ice water were used to provoke HICS and clinical features were compared. Results The ice-water stimulus provoked HICS significantly more often than the ice-cube stimulus (9/77 vs. 39/77). Ice-water-provoked HICS had a significantly shorter latency (median 15 s, range 4-97 s vs. median 68 s, range 27-96 s). There was no difference in pain localisation. Character after ice-cube stimulation was predominantly described as pressing and after ice-water stimulation as stabbing. A second HICS followed in 10/39 (26%) of the headaches provoked by ice water. Lacrimation occurred significantly more often in volunteers with than in those without HICS. Discussion HICS provoked by ice water was more frequent, had a shorter latency, different pain character and higher pain intensity than HICS provoked by ice cubes. The finding of two subsequent HICS attacks in the same volunteers supports the notion that two types of HICS exist. Lacrimation during HICS indicates involvement of the trigeminal-autonomic reflex.

  20. The evaluation of drug provocation tests in pediatric allergy clinic: a single center experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vezir, Emine; Erkocoglu, Mustafa; Civelek, Ersoy; Kaya, Aysenur; Azkur, Dilek; Akan, Aysegül; Ozcan, Celal; Toyran, Muge; Ginis, Tayfur; Misirlioglu, Emine Dibek; Kocabas, Can Naci

    2014-01-01

    Drug provocation tests (DPTs) are gold standard to diagnose drug allergy. Our goal was to evaluate the results and safety of diagnostic methods including DPTs during childhood. Between January 2010 and February 2013 DPTs were performed and evaluated, prospectively, in children who attended our pediatric allergy clinic with a suspected drug hypersensitivity reaction. One hundred ninety-eight suspected drug reactions in 175 patients (88 boys and 87 girls) were evaluated. The median age of the subjects at the time of the suspected drug-induced hypersensitivity reaction and at the time of the study was 56 (interquartile range [IQR] = 24-120 months) months and 76 (IQR = 35-149 months) months, respectively. Suspected drugs were beta-lactam antibiotics in 108 cases (54.5%), non-beta-lactam antibiotics in 22 cases (11.1%), and nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs in 52 cases (26.3%). The history was compatible with immediate-type reactions in 69 cases (34.8%). Skin-prick tests were not positive in any of the cases. Intradermal tests were positive in three cases (4%). DPTs were positive in 13 (6.8%) of 191 provocation cases, which were performed with culprit drugs. Our results suggest that a positive clinical history is not enough to make a diagnosis of drug allergy, which highlights the significance of undertaking further diagnostic evaluation especially for DPTs.

  1. Pacifists and Revenge-Seekers in Response to Unambiguous Peer Provocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Kristina L; Asher, Steven R

    2018-01-19

    In order to better understand why some children retaliate when they feel provoked and others do not, the present study identified "pacifistically-oriented" children who made negative interpretations in response to unambiguous provocations, yet did not endorse revenge goals, and compared them to "revenge-seeking" children who also made negative interpretations but did endorse revenge goals. Groups were identified based on seventh graders' (N = 367; 54.77% male; 22.89% racial/ethnic minority) responses to hypothetical situations in which a peer excluded and insulted them. Comparing these groups revealed that Pacifists endorsed relationship-maintaining goals and emotion regulation goals more highly than Revenge-Seekers. Revenge-Seekers reported more anger and endorsed beliefs about negative reciprocity and aggression being legitimate more highly than Pacifists. Additionally, Revenge-Seekers were more disrespect sensitive than were Pacifists, based on a measure of vigilance for signs of disrespect and expectations that others would disrespect them. Together these findings point to social-cognitive and emotion-related processes that may inhibit revenge-seeking in unambiguous provocation situations, even when children interpret the peer's behavior quite negatively.

  2. Amygdala hyperactivation during symptom provocation in obsessive–compulsive disorder and its modulation by distraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Simon

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Anxiety disorders have been linked to a hyperactivated cortico-amygdalar circuitry. Recent findings highlight the amygdala's role in mediating elevated anxiety in obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD. However, modulation of amygdala hyperactivation by attentional distraction – an effective emotion regulation strategy in healthy individuals – has not yet been examined. While undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging twenty-one unmedicated OCD patients and 21 controls performed an evaluation and a distraction task during symptom provocation with individually tailored OCD-relevant pictures. To test the specificity of responses, additional aversive and neutral stimuli were included. Significant group-by-picture type interactions were observed within fronto–striato–limbic circuits including the amygdala. In these regions patients showed increased BOLD responses during processing of OCD triggers relative to healthy controls. Amygdala hyperactivation was present across OCD symptom dimensions indicating that it represents a common neural correlate. During distraction, we observed dampening of patients' amygdala hyperactivity to OCD-relevant stimuli. Augmented amygdala involvement in patients during symptom provocation, present across OCD symptom dimensions, might constitute a correlate of fear expression in OCD linking it to other anxiety disorders. Attentional distraction seemed to dampen emotional processing of disorder-relevant stimuli via amygdala downregulation. The clinical impact of this strategy to manage anxiety in OCD should be further elucidated.

  3. Title III/Title IV Authorities Necessary for Full and Interim Title V Program Approval

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Policy and Guidance Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-operating-permit-policy-and-guidance-document-index. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  4. 24 CFR 266.405 - Title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Title. 266.405 Section 266.405... Requirements; HUD Endorsement § 266.405 Title. (a) Eligibility of title. Marketable title to the mortgaged property must be vested in the mortgagor on the date the mortgage is filed for record. (b) Title evidence...

  5. 24 CFR 202.12 - Title II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Title II. 202.12 Section 202.12... INSTITUTIONS AND MORTGAGEES Title I and Title II Specific Requirements § 202.12 Title II. (a) Tiered pricing—(1... mortgagee approved for participation in Title II programs is notified by the Secretary that it had a rate of...

  6. 24 CFR 202.11 - Title I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Title I. 202.11 Section 202.11... INSTITUTIONS AND MORTGAGEES Title I and Title II Specific Requirements § 202.11 Title I. (a) Administrative... may be imposed under the Title I program. The administrative actions that may be applied are set forth...

  7. 78 FR 35179 - Negotiated Rulemaking Committee, Negotiator Nominations and Schedule of Committee Meetings-Title...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... in the HEA; the definition of ``adverse credit'' for borrowers in the Federal Direct PLUS Loan... requirements in the HEA; and the definition of ``adverse credit'' for borrowers in the Federal Direct PLUS Loan... Institutions, and other institutions with a substantial enrollment of needy students as defined in title III of...

  8. 78 FR 69612 - Negotiated Rulemaking Committee, Negotiator Nominations and Schedule of Committee Meetings-Title...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act (Clery Act); and the definition of... conversion. The definition of ``adverse credit'' for borrowers in the Federal Direct PLUS Loan Program. The... enrollment of needy students as defined in title III of the HEA. Two-year public institutions of higher...

  9. Power and Provocativeness: The Effects of Subtle Changes in Clothing on Perceptions of Working Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurung, Regan A R; Punke, Elizabeth; Brickner, Michaella; Badalamenti, Vincenzio

    2017-05-19

    The current study investigates the effects of subtle changes in professional women's dress on women's perceptions of power and competence. We replicate and extend Howlett, Pine, Cahill, Orakcioglu, and Fletcher's (2015) research showing women in provocative clothing are rated as less competent. We used a larger sample, tested a second independent variable, and fine-tuned the design for higher face validity. Participants (N = 198, 170 women and 29 men) from a Midwestern university in the USA rated four photographs of professionally dressed women whose blouses varied in the number of buttons left undone and whether they wore a camisole. We found main effects of buttons (undone/done) and camisoles (on/off) for participants perceptions of intelligence, competence, powerfulness, and on a global rating score. Results also showed significant interaction effects between buttons and camisoles on ratings of powerfulness. The results have many implications for how women dress professionally.

  10. Validation of the Novaco Anger Scale-Provocation Inventory (Danish) With Nonclinical, Clinical, and Offender Samples

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moeller, Stine Bjerrum; Novaco, Raymond; Heinola-Nielsen, Vivian

    2015-01-01

    . Because the Novaco Anger Scale and Provocation Inventory (NAS-PI) has been extensively validated with different clinical populations and lends itself to clinical case formulation, it was selected for translation and evaluation in the present multistudy project. Psychometric properties of the NAS-PI were...... investigated with samples of 477 nonclinical, 250 clinical, 167 male prisoner, and 64 male forensic participants. Anger prevalence and its relationship with other anger measures, anxiety/depression, and aggression were examined. NAS-PI was found to have high reliability, concurrent validity, and discriminant...... aggressive behavior in hospital. Regression analyses showed that higher scores on NAS increase the risk of having acted aggressively in the past and of acting aggressively in the future....

  11. Posterior midline activation during symptom provocation in acute stress disorder: An fMRI study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Christopher Cwik

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Functional imaging studies of patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder showed wide-spread activation of mid-line cortical areas during symptom provocation i.e., exposure to trauma-related cues. The present study aimed at investigating neural activation during exposure to trauma-related pictures in patients with Acute Stress Disorder (ASD shortly after the traumatic event. Nineteen ASD patients and 19 healthy control participants were presented with individualized pictures of the traumatic event and emotionally neutral control pictures during the acquisition of whole-brain data with a 3-T fMRI scanner. Compared to the control group and to control pictures, ASD patients showed significant activation in mid-line cortical areas in response to trauma-related pictures including precuneus, cuneus, postcentral gyrus and pre-supplementary motor area. The results suggest that the trauma-related pictures evoke emotionally salient self-referential processing in ASD patients.

  12. Lorazepam provocation test in purported schizophrenia with lack of treatment response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John E. Berg

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Some patients with severe mental disorders are refractory to psychotherapeutic or psychopharmacological interventions. We present a patient who at the age of 19 developed several schizophrenia - suspect symptoms. Soon inexplicable general seizures where observed. He was treated with antipsychotics, but had two bouts of malignant neuroleptic syndrome. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT gave some symptom relief and he continued on maintenance ECT for years with weekly intervals. Interruption of this treatment pattern rapidly increased symptom load. After seven years a lorazepam provocation test was performed as he had a new relapse after 3 weeks without ECT. In the ensuing hours his aggressiveness and nonsense speaking rapidly diminished. Kahlbaums observation of seizures as part of a catatonia was not understood in this case. The publication of the new DSM-V diagnosis of catatonia may hopefully reduce the probability of treating a patient for schizophrenia for years without access to a more targeted medication and ECT plan.

  13. Exercise as a provocative test in early renal disease in type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldt-Rasmussen, B; Baker, L; Deckert, T

    1985-01-01

    The value of exercise as a provocative test for early renal disease in Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes was re-evaluated. Three carefully characterized groups of males were studied: 10 non-diabetic controls, 16 diabetic patients (group 1) with normal urinary albumin excretion (less than 15...... micrograms/min) and 14 Albustix-negative diabetics (group 2) with increased urinary albumin excretion (15-122 micrograms/min). Assignment to a study group was made on the basis of three 24-h urine collections, and the groups were well matched for age, weight, height, and serum creatinine concentration....... The two diabetic groups were similar with regard to duration of disease (13 +/- 6 versus 16 +/- 3 years), metabolic control (HbA1c: 8.4 +/- 1.4 versus 8.7 +/- 1.3%) and degree of diabetic complications (beat-to-beat variation and retinopathy). An exercise protocol of 450 and 600 kpm/min workloads...

  14. Neural and Behavioral Correlates of Alcohol-Induced Aggression Under Provocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Gabriela; Sterzer, Philipp; Marxen, Michael; Zimmermann, Ulrich S; Smolka, Michael N

    2015-12-01

    Although alcohol consumption is linked to increased aggression, its neural correlates have not directly been studied in humans so far. Based on a comprehensive neurobiological model of alcohol-induced aggression, we hypothesized that alcohol-induced aggression would go along with increased amygdala and ventral striatum reactivity and impaired functioning of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) under alcohol. We measured neural and behavioral correlates of alcohol-induced aggression in a provoking vs non-provoking condition with a variant of the Taylor aggression paradigm (TAP) allowing to differentiate between reactive (provoked) and proactive (unprovoked) aggression. In a placebo-controlled cross-over design with moderate alcohol intoxication (~0.6 g/kg), 35 young healthy adults performed the TAP during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Analyses revealed that provoking vs non-provoking conditions and alcohol vs placebo increased aggression and decreased brain responses in the anterior cingulate cortex/dorso-medial PFC (provokingalcoholalcohol specifically increased proactive (unprovoked) but not reactive (provoked) aggression (alcohol × provocation interaction). However, investigation of inter-individual differences revealed (1) that pronounced alcohol-induced proactive aggression was linked to higher levels of aggression under placebo, and (2) that pronounced alcohol-induced reactive aggression was related to increased amygdala and ventral striatum reactivity under alcohol, providing evidence for their role in human alcohol-induced reactive aggression. Our findings suggest that in healthy young adults a liability for alcohol-induced aggression in a non-provoking context might depend on overall high levels of aggression, but on alcohol-induced increased striatal and amygdala reactivity when triggered by provocation.

  15. Neural and Behavioral Correlates of Alcohol-Induced Aggression Under Provocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Gabriela; Sterzer, Philipp; Marxen, Michael; Zimmermann, Ulrich S; Smolka, Michael N

    2015-01-01

    Although alcohol consumption is linked to increased aggression, its neural correlates have not directly been studied in humans so far. Based on a comprehensive neurobiological model of alcohol-induced aggression, we hypothesized that alcohol-induced aggression would go along with increased amygdala and ventral striatum reactivity and impaired functioning of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) under alcohol. We measured neural and behavioral correlates of alcohol-induced aggression in a provoking vs non-provoking condition with a variant of the Taylor aggression paradigm (TAP) allowing to differentiate between reactive (provoked) and proactive (unprovoked) aggression. In a placebo-controlled cross-over design with moderate alcohol intoxication (~0.6 g/kg), 35 young healthy adults performed the TAP during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Analyses revealed that provoking vs non-provoking conditions and alcohol vs placebo increased aggression and decreased brain responses in the anterior cingulate cortex/dorso-medial PFC (provokingalcoholalcohol specifically increased proactive (unprovoked) but not reactive (provoked) aggression (alcohol × provocation interaction). However, investigation of inter-individual differences revealed (1) that pronounced alcohol-induced proactive aggression was linked to higher levels of aggression under placebo, and (2) that pronounced alcohol-induced reactive aggression was related to increased amygdala and ventral striatum reactivity under alcohol, providing evidence for their role in human alcohol-induced reactive aggression. Our findings suggest that in healthy young adults a liability for alcohol-induced aggression in a non-provoking context might depend on overall high levels of aggression, but on alcohol-induced increased striatal and amygdala reactivity when triggered by provocation. PMID:25971590

  16. Hypersensitivity to RF fields emitted from CDMA cellular phones: a provocation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nam, Ki Chang; Lee, Ju Hyung; Noh, Hyung Wook; Cha, Eun Jong; Kim, Nam Hyun; Kim, Deok Won

    2009-12-01

    With the number of cellular phone users rapidly increasing, there is a considerable amount of public concern regarding the effects that electromagnetic fields (EMFs) from cellular phones have on health. People with self-attributed electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) complain of subjective symptoms such as headaches, insomnia, and memory loss, and attribute these symptoms to radio frequency (RF) radiation from cellular phones and/or base stations. However, EHS is difficult to diagnose because it relies on a person's subjective judgment. Various provocation studies have been conducted on EHS caused by Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) phones in which heart rate and blood pressure or subjective symptoms were investigated. However, there have been few sham-controlled provocation studies on EHS with Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) phones where physiological parameters, subjective symptoms, and perception of RF radiation for EHS and non-EHS groups were simultaneously investigated. In this study, two volunteer groups of 18 self-reported EHS and 19 non-EHS persons were tested for both sham and real RF exposure from CDMA cellular phones with a 300 mW maximum exposure that lasted half an hour. We investigated not only the physiological parameters such as heart rate, respiration rate, and heart rate variability (HRV), but also various subjective symptoms and the perception of EMF. In conclusion, RF exposure did not have any effects on physiological parameters or subjective symptoms in either group. As for EMF perception, there was no evidence that the EHS group better perceived EMF than the non-EHS group.

  17. Individual Differences in Automatic Emotion Regulation Interact with Primed Emotion Regulation during an Anger Provocation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Hu

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The current study investigated the interactive effects of individual differences in automatic emotion regulation (AER and primed emotion regulation strategy on skin conductance level (SCL and heart rate during provoked anger. The study was a 2 × 2 [AER tendency (expression vs. control × priming (expression vs. control] between subject design. Participants were assigned to two groups according to their performance on an emotion regulation-IAT (differentiating automatic emotion control tendency and automatic emotion expression tendency. Then participants of the two groups were randomly assigned to two emotion regulation priming conditions (emotion control priming or emotion expression priming. Anger was provoked by blaming participants for slow performance during a subsequent backward subtraction task. In anger provocation, SCL of individuals with automatic emotion control tendencies in the control priming condition was lower than of those with automatic emotion control tendencies in the expression priming condition. However, SCL of individuals with automatic emotion expression tendencies did no differ in the automatic emotion control priming or the automatic emotion expression priming condition. Heart rate during anger provocation was higher in individuals with automatic emotion expression tendencies than in individuals with automatic emotion control tendencies regardless of priming condition. This pattern indicates an interactive effect of individual differences in AER and emotion regulation priming on SCL, which is an index of emotional arousal. Heart rate was only sensitive to the individual differences in AER, and did not reflect this interaction. This finding has implications for clinical studies of the use of emotion regulation strategy training suggesting that different practices are optimal for individuals who differ in AER tendencies.

  18. Methacholine bronchial provocation measured by spirometry versus wheeze detection in preschool children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yahav Yaacov

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Determination of PC20-FEV1 during Methacholine bronchial provocation test (MCT is considered to be impossible in preschool children, as it requires repetitive spirometry sets. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of determining PC20-FEV1 in preschool age children and compares the results to the wheeze detection (PCW method. Methods 55 preschool children (ages 2.8–6.4 years with recurrent respiratory symptoms were recruited. Baseline spirometry and MCT were performed according to ATS/ERS guidelines and the following parameters were determined at baseline and after each inhalation: spirometry-indices, lung auscultation at tidal breathing, oxygen saturation, respiratory and heart rate. Comparison between PCW and PC20-FEV1 and clinical parameters at these end-points was done by paired Student's t-tests. Results and discussion Thirty-six of 55 children (65.4% successfully performed spirometry-sets up to the point of PCW. PC20-FEV1 occurred at a mean concentration of 1.70+/-2.01 while PCW occurred at a mean concentration of 4.37+/-3.40 mg/ml (p 1 by 44.7+/-14.5%; PEFR by 40.5+/-14.5 and FEF25–75 by 54.7+/-14.4% (P Conclusion Determination of PC20-FEV1 by spirometry is feasible in many preschool children. PC20-FEV1 often appears at lower provocation dose than PCW. The lower dose may shorten the test and encourage participation. Significant decrease in spirometry indices at PCW suggests that PC20-FEV1 determination may be safer.

  19. Individual Differences in Automatic Emotion Regulation Interact with Primed Emotion Regulation during an Anger Provocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jing; Lipp, Ottmar V.; Hu, Ping

    2017-01-01

    The current study investigated the interactive effects of individual differences in automatic emotion regulation (AER) and primed emotion regulation strategy on skin conductance level (SCL) and heart rate during provoked anger. The study was a 2 × 2 [AER tendency (expression vs. control) × priming (expression vs. control)] between subject design. Participants were assigned to two groups according to their performance on an emotion regulation-IAT (differentiating automatic emotion control tendency and automatic emotion expression tendency). Then participants of the two groups were randomly assigned to two emotion regulation priming conditions (emotion control priming or emotion expression priming). Anger was provoked by blaming participants for slow performance during a subsequent backward subtraction task. In anger provocation, SCL of individuals with automatic emotion control tendencies in the control priming condition was lower than of those with automatic emotion control tendencies in the expression priming condition. However, SCL of individuals with automatic emotion expression tendencies did no differ in the automatic emotion control priming or the automatic emotion expression priming condition. Heart rate during anger provocation was higher in individuals with automatic emotion expression tendencies than in individuals with automatic emotion control tendencies regardless of priming condition. This pattern indicates an interactive effect of individual differences in AER and emotion regulation priming on SCL, which is an index of emotional arousal. Heart rate was only sensitive to the individual differences in AER, and did not reflect this interaction. This finding has implications for clinical studies of the use of emotion regulation strategy training suggesting that different practices are optimal for individuals who differ in AER tendencies. PMID:28484412

  20. An Apparatus to Deliver Mannitol Powder for Bronchial Provocation in Children Under Six Years Old.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Patricia; Leung, Sharon S Y; Hor, Eleanor; Ruzycki, Conor A; Carrigy, Nicholas B; Finlay, Warren H; Brannan, John D; Devadason, Sunalene; Anderson, Sandra D; Sly, Peter D; Samnick, Kevin; Chan, Hak-Kim

    2015-12-01

    Currently bronchial provocation testing (BPT) using mannitol powder cannot be performed in children under 6 years. A primary reason is it is challenging for children at this age to generate a consistent inspiratory effort to inhale mannitol efficiently from a dry powder inhaler. A prototype system, which does not require any inhalation training from the pediatric subject, is reported here. It uses an external source of compressed air to disperse mannitol powder into a commercial holding chamber. Then the subject uses tidal breathing to inhale the aerosol. The setup consists of a commercially available powder disperser and Volumatic™ holding chamber. Taguchi experimental design was used to identify the effect of dispersion parameters (flow rate of compressed air, time compressed air is applied, mass of powder, and the time between dispersion and inhalation) on the fine particle dose (FPD). The prototype was tested in vitro using a USP throat connected to a next generation impactor. The aerosols from the holding chamber were drawn at 10 L/min. A scaling factor for estimating the provoking dose to induce a 15% reduction in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) (PD15) was calculated using anatomical dimensions of the human respiratory tract at various ages combined with known dosing values from the adult BPT. Consistent and doubling FPDs were successfully generated based on the Taguchi experimental design. The FPD was reliable over a range of 0.8 (±0.09) mg to 14 (±0.94) mg. The calculated PD15 for children aged 1-6 years ranged from 7.1-30 mg. The FPDs generated from the proposed set up are lower than the calculated PD15 and therefore are not expected to cause sudden bronchoconstriction. A prototype aerosol delivery system has been developed that is consistently able to deliver doubling doses suitable for bronchial provocation testing in young children.

  1. Medicaid and Title IV-E programs; revision to the definition of an unemployed parent--Administration for Children and Families (ACF) and HCFA. Final rule with comment period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-08-07

    The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) transformed the nation's welfare system into one that requires work in exchange for time-limited assistance. The law eliminated the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program and replaced it with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. The law provides States flexibility to design their TANF programs in ways that strengthen families and promote work, responsibility, and self-sufficiency while holding them accountable for results. Many States are using this flexibility to provide welfare to work assistance to two parent families, which was more difficult to do under the old welfare rules. However, pre-existing regulations regarding the definition of "unemployed parent" prevent some States from providing intact families with health insurance to help them stay employed. This rule will eliminate this vestige of the old welfare system in order to promote work, strengthen families, and simplify State program administration. In general under PRWORA, States must ensure that families who would have qualified for Medicaid health benefits under the prior welfare law are still eligible. While under the previous law receipt of AFDC qualified families for Medicaid, the new statute does not tie receipt of TANF to Medicaid. Instead, subject to some exceptions, Medicaid eligibility for families and children now depends upon whether a family would have qualified for AFDC under the rules in effect on July 16, 1996. Similarly, Federal foster care eligibility depends on whether the child would have qualified for AFDC under the rules in effect on July 16, 1996. In order for a family to qualify for assistance under the pre-PRWORA AFDC rules, its child had to be deprived of parental support or care due to the death, absence, incapacity, or unemployment of a parent. Two parent families generally qualified only under the "unemployment" criterion which was narrowly defined in

  2. Feasibility of omitting provocation test with 50 μg of acetylcholine in left coronary artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Yuichi; Kitahara, Hideki; Shoji, Toshihiro; Tokimasa, Satoshi; Nakayama, Takashi; Sugimoto, Kazumasa; Fujimoto, Yoshihide; Kobayashi, Yoshio

    2017-06-01

    According to the Japanese Circulation Society guideline of vasospastic angina, incremental doses of acetylcholine (ACh) are prescribed for coronary spasm provocation: 20 and 50 μg for the right coronary artery (RCA), and 20, 50 and 100 μg for the left coronary artery (LCA). However, provocation by low doses of ACh in patients with low vasoreactivity may be less needed, and the requirement of 50 μg of ACh for the LCA in these patients has not been evaluated. In the present study, patients who underwent ACh provocation test for both the RCA and LCA were included. The positive diagnosis of intracoronary ACh provocation test was defined as total or subtotal coronary artery narrowing (i.e., angiographic coronary artery spasm) accompanied by chest pain and/or ischemic electrocardiographic changes. Coronary artery constriction was visually evaluated and defined as coronary artery diameter reduction LCA. There were 33 out of 249 patients (13%) with LCA spasm by 20 µg of ACh. In subjects without LCA spasm by 20 µg of ACh, patients with coronary constriction LCA rarely showed coronary artery spasm induced by 50 μg of ACh in the LCA, in comparison to those with coronary constriction 25-90% (n = 115) (2.6 vs. 32.7%, p LCA had cardiac complications associated with administration of ACh. In conclusion, omission of 50 µg of ACh in the LCA may be possible when there is little coronary artery constriction by 20 µg of ACh in the LCA during provocation test, leading to less contrast and shortens overall procedure time.

  3. Title V Permitting Statistics Inventory

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Title V Permitting Statistics Inventory contains measured and estimated nationwide statistical data, consisting of counts of permitted sources, types of permits...

  4. Region 7 Title V facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web map shows the Region 7 Title V facilities (Clean Air Act major sources), any Class I areas within 300 km of R7 States, and any Tribal areas within 50 miles...

  5. 50 CFR 10.12 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Definitions § 10.12 Definitions. Aircraft means any contrivance used for flight in the air. Amphibians means a... virtue of some title, without having actual custody. Public as used in referring to museums, zoological parks, and scientific or educational institutions, refers to such as are open to the general public and...

  6. 34 CFR 34.3 - Definitions.

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    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions. 34.3 Section 34.3 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education ADMINISTRATIVE WAGE GARNISHMENT § 34.3 Definitions. As used in this part... assistance program authorized under Title IV of the Higher Education Act. Business day means a day Monday...

  7. 24 CFR 960.102 - Definitions.

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    2010-04-01

    ... defined in part 5, subpart A of this title: 1937 Act, drug, drug-related criminal activity, federally...), Section 8, violent criminal activity. (2) Definitions under the 1937 Act. The following terms are defined...) Definitions and explanations concerning income and rent. The following terms are defined or explained in part...

  8. 49 CFR 512.3 - Definitions.

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    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Definitions. 512.3 Section 512.3 Transportation..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS INFORMATION General Provisions § 512.3 Definitions...” under Chapter 329 of Title 49 of the United States Code, Automobile Fuel Economy, 49 U.S.C. 32910(c). ...

  9. 49 CFR 38.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Definitions. 38.3 Section 38.3 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES General § 38.3 Definitions. See § 37.3 of this title. ...

  10. 20 CFR 637.105 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definitions. 637.105 Section 637.105 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE V OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT General Provisions § 637.105 Definitions. In addition to the...

  11. 20 CFR 631.87 - Definitions.

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    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definitions. 631.87 Section 631.87 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE III OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Disaster Relief Employment Assistance § 631.87 Definitions. As used in this...

  12. 48 CFR 252.217-7006 - Title.

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    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Title. 252.217-7006... Clauses 252.217-7006 Title. As prescribed in 217.7104(a), use the following clause: Title (DEC 1991) (a) Unless otherwise provided, title to all materials and equipment to be incorporated in a vessel in the...

  13. 48 CFR 245.7309-5 - Title.

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    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Title. 245.7309-5 Section... Title. (a) Unless otherwise specified in the Invitation, title to property sold under this Invitation... Contractor, title shall not vest until payment and loading are completed. (b) A Standard Form 97, Certificate...

  14. 7 CFR 3200.7 - Title.

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    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Title. 3200.7 Section 3200.7 Agriculture Regulations... PERSONAL PROPERTY § 3200.7 Title. Title to excess personal property obtained under Part 3200 will... will give preference to the Federal agency that will retain title in the Government. ...

  15. 13 CFR 314.7 - Title.

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    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Title. 314.7 Section 314.7... Property § 314.7 Title. (a) General. The Recipient must hold title to the Real Property required for a... and must maintain title at all times during the Estimated Useful Life of the Project, except in those...

  16. 12 CFR 5.42 - Corporate title.

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    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Corporate title. 5.42 Section 5.42 Banks and... CORPORATE ACTIVITIES Other Changes in Activities and Operations § 5.42 Corporate title. (a) Authority. 12 U... change its corporate title. (c) Standards. A national bank may change its corporate title provided that...

  17. 48 CFR 1352.271-80 - Title.

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    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Title. 1352.271-80 Section... SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 1352.271-80 Title. As prescribed in 48 CFR 1371.111, insert the following clause: Title (APR 2010) (a) Title to all materials and...

  18. 48 CFR 51.106 - Title.

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    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Title. 51.106 Section 51... GOVERNMENT SOURCES BY CONTRACTORS Contractor Use of Government Supply Sources 51.106 Title. (a) Title to all... educational institutions and the Government Property clause at 52.245-1, Alternate II, is used, title to...

  19. 24 CFR 200.61 - Title.

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    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Title. 200.61 Section 200.61... Requirements for Existing Projects General Requirements § 200.61 Title. (a) Marketable title to the project must be vested in the mortgagor as of the date the mortgage is filed for record. (b) Title evidence for...

  20. Conflicts in Africa and Major Powers: Proxy Wars, Zones of Influence or Provocative Instability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerry Rowlings Tafotie

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the different nature of conflicts that have occurred in Africa since the end of Cold War. A special attention is given to the role of external factors in the process of conflict evolution and the escalation of violence on the African continent. In effect, this paper demonstrates through a critical examination of the meaning of proxy war as, zone of influence or provocation of instability as a strategy and an analysis of its employment by the United States and China, France etc. in Africa. The new potential confrontation between the United States and China as in Sudan, France in its former coloniesis not only based on a clash of world views about the structure and nature of international relations and security but largely over the control of strategically vital energy resources based in Africa. The authors conclude that this ultimately creates permanent tensions or bitter conflicts between the actors and African populations as a factor that have negative impact on the peace and stability of continent. According to the context of superpower conflict strategies, this paper critically examines, zone of influence, provoking of instability or proxy war as a viable national strategy of nuclear armed great powers in advancing and/or defending their global national interests in a bipolar/multipolar international system.

  1. Effects of gender and cigarette smoking on reactivity to psychological and pharmacological stress provocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Back, Sudie E; Waldrop, Angela E; Saladin, Michael E; Yeatts, Sharon D; Simpson, Annie; McRae, Aimee L; Upadhyaya, Himanshu P; Contini Sisson, Regana; Spratt, Eve G; Allen, Julia; Kreek, Mary Jeanne; Brady, Kathleen T

    2008-06-01

    We examined the influence of gender and smoking status on reactivity in two human laboratory stress paradigms. Participants were 46 (21 men, 25 women) healthy individuals who completed the Trier Social Stress Task (i.e., performed speech and math calculations in front of an audience) and a pharmacological stress provocation (i.e., administration of corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH)) after an overnight hospital stay. Approximately half (53%) of the participants were smokers. Cortisol, adrenocorticotrophin hormone (ACTH), physiologic measures (heart rate, blood pressure), and subjective stress were assessed at baseline and at several time points post-task. Men demonstrated higher baseline ACTH and blood pressure as compared to women; however, ACTH and blood pressure responses were more pronounced in women. Women smokers evidenced a more blunted cortisol response as compared to non-smoking women, whereas smoking status did not affect the cortisol response in men. Finally, there was a more robust cardiovascular and subjective response to the Trier as compared to the CRH. Although preliminary, the findings suggest that women may be more sensitive than men to the impact of cigarette smoking on cortisol response. In addition, there is some evidence for a more robust neuroendocrine and physiologic response to acute laboratory stress in women as compared to men.

  2. Fear Processing in Dental Phobia during Crossmodal Symptom Provocation: An fMRI Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin Hilbert

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available While previous studies successfully identified the core neural substrates of the animal subtype of specific phobia, only few and inconsistent research is available for dental phobia. These findings might partly relate to the fact that, typically, visual stimuli were employed. The current study aimed to investigate the influence of stimulus modality on neural fear processing in dental phobia. Thirteen dental phobics (DP and thirteen healthy controls (HC attended a block-design functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI symptom provocation paradigm encompassing both visual and auditory stimuli. Drill sounds and matched neutral sinus tones served as auditory stimuli and dentist scenes and matched neutral videos as visual stimuli. Group comparisons showed increased activation in the insula, anterior cingulate cortex, orbitofrontal cortex, and thalamus in DP compared to HC during auditory but not visual stimulation. On the contrary, no differential autonomic reactions were observed in DP. Present results are largely comparable to brain areas identified in animal phobia, but also point towards a potential downregulation of autonomic outflow by neural fear circuits in this disorder. Findings enlarge our knowledge about neural correlates of dental phobia and may help to understand the neural underpinnings of the clinical and physiological characteristics of the disorder.

  3. Exercice-induced bronchoconstriction among athletes: Assessment of bronchial provocation tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vakali, S; Vogiatzis, I; Florou, A; Giavi, S; Zakynthinos, S; Papadopoulos, N G; Gratziou, Ch

    2017-01-01

    Diagnosis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) requires the use of bronchial provocation tests (BPTs). We assessed exercise-induced respiratory symptoms (EIRS), EIB and asthma in athletes and evaluated the validity of BPTs in the diagnosis of EIB. Rhinitis and atopy were also assessed. Athletes with (n=55) and without previous asthma diagnosis (n=145) were tested by skin prick tests, lung function and eNO measurements. EIRS were recorded and EIB was assessed by methacholine (Mch), eucapnic voluntary hyperpnoea (EVH), mannitol and exercise test. EIRS were highly reported and history of asthma was common among athletes. A high prevalence of atopy (48.7%) and allergic rhinitis (30.5%) was found. Athletes with asthma had a higher response rate to Mch and to EVH, as compared with athletes without a previous asthma diagnosis (P=0.012 and P=0.017 respectively). Report of EIRS, rhinitis and atopy were not associated with a positive BPT response. Screening athletes for EIB using BPTs is suggested, irrespective of reported EIRS or a previous asthma diagnosis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. On recent advances in human engineering Provocative trends in embryology, genetics, and regenerative medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anton, Roman

    2016-01-01

    Advances in embryology, genetics, and regenerative medicine regularly attract attention from scientists, scholars, journalists, and policymakers, yet implications of these advances may be broader than commonly supposed. Laboratories culturing human embryos, editing human genes, and creating human-animal chimeras have been working along lines that are now becoming intertwined. Embryogenic methods are weaving traditional in vivo and in vitro distinctions into a new "in vivitro" (in life in glass) fabric. These and other methods known to be in use or thought to be in development promise soon to bring society to startling choices and discomfiting predicaments, all in a global effort to supply reliably rejuvenating stem cells, to grow immunologically non-provocative replacement organs, and to prevent, treat, cure, or even someday eradicate diseases having genetic or epigenetic mechanisms. With humanity's human-engineering era now begun, procedural prohibitions, funding restrictions, institutional controls, and transparency rules are proving ineffective, and business incentives are migrating into the most basic life-sciences inquiries, wherein lie huge biomedical potentials and bioethical risks. Rights, health, and heritage are coming into play with bioethical presumptions and formal protections urgently needing reassessment.

  5. Mechanisms of cough provocation and cough resolution in neonates with bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jadcherla, Sudarshan R; Hasenstab, Kathryn A; Shaker, Reza; Castile, Robert G

    2015-10-01

    Cough and deglutition are protective mechanisms that defend against aspiration. We identified mechanisms associated with cough provocation as well as those associated with cough resolution in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Manometry signatures of cough were recognized in 16 premature infants with BPD undergoing concurrent esophageal manometry, respiratory inductance plethysmography, and nasal air flow measurements. Pretussive and post-tussive pharyngo-esophageal motility changes were analyzed. Mechanisms associated with cough and mechanisms that restored respiratory and esophageal normalcy were analyzed. We analyzed 312 cough events during 88 cough clusters; 97% were associated with recognizable manometric patterns. Initial mechanisms related with coughing included nonpropagating swallow (59%), upper esophageal sphincter (UES) reflex contraction (18%), and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation (14%). UES and LES dysfunction was present in 69% of nonpropagating swallow-associated cough clusters. Mechanisms restoring post-tussive normalcy included primary peristalsis (84%), secondary peristalsis (8%), and none recognized (8%). UES contraction reflex was associated with cough clusters more frequently in infants on nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) (OR = 9.13, 95% CI = 1.88-44.24). Cough clusters in infants with BPD had identifiable etiologies associated with esophageal events; common initial mechanisms were of upper aerodigestive origin, while common clearing mechanisms were peristaltic reflexes.

  6. Climate change communication: a provocative inquiry into motives, meanings, and means.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Branden B

    2012-06-01

    The deliberately provocative theme of this article is that perceived difficulties in climate change communication (CCC)--e.g., indifference about or denial of climate change's reality, negative consequences, anthropogenic causes, or need to mitigate or adapt to it-are partly the fault of climate change communicators. Fischhoff's model of risk communication development is used to demonstrate that CCC to date has tended to stress persuasion, rather than social movement mobilization or deliberation, and with a focus on the model's early stages. Later stages are not necessarily better, but a more diverse strategy seems superior to a focus perhaps narrowed by empathic, ideological, psychological, and resource constraints. Furthermore, even within persuasion, emphasizing a wider set of values, consequences, and audiences could be fruitful. Social movement mobilization has its own set of weaknesses, but usefully complements persuasion with a focus on developing power, subverting mainstream assumptions, and engaging people in collective action. Deliberation similarly has its drawbacks, but unlike the other two approaches does not define the solution-or even, necessarily, the problem-in advance, and thus offers the chance for people of contending viewpoints to jointly develop concepts and action agendas hitherto unimagined. Simultaneous pursuit of all three strategies can to some degree offset their respective flaws, at the potential cost of diffusion of energies and contradictory messages. Success in CCC is by no means guaranteed by a more diverse set of strategies and self-reflection by communicators, but their pursuit should better reveal CCC's limits. © 2011 Society for Risk Analysis.

  7. Usefulness of drug provocation tests in children with a history of adverse drug reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hye Ran Na

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : There are very few reports of adverse drug reactions (ADR and almost no study of drug provocation test (DPT in Korean children. We aimed to assess the role of DPT in children with unpredictable ADRs, and compare the causative drugs and clinical characteristics between detailed history of ADRs and result of DPTs. Methods : We included 16 children who were experienced ADRs referred to pediatric allergy clinic at Ajou University Hospital (January 2006 to December 2009. With various suspected drugs, 71 DPTs were done in 16 patients using our own protocol, and skin tests to antibiotics were combined in ADRs to antibiotics in medical history. Results : There were 17 (23.9% positive DPTs results out of 71 individual DPTs, and 11 patients (68.8% from 16 patients were positive to at least one drug. Drugs causing positive reactions were acetaminophen in 5 (31%, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in 4 (25%, penicillin in 3 (19%, cephalosporin in 2 (13%, and cotrimoxazole, macrolide and lactose in 1 each. Conclusion : DPT seems a safe and useful procedure to confirm causative drug and identify safely administering alternative drugs in children with ADR.

  8. Using Provocative Discography and Computed Tomography to Select Patients with Refractory Discogenic Low Back Pain for Lumbar Fusion Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Xi, Mengqiao Alan; Tong, Henry C; Fahim, Daniel K; Perez-Cruet, Mick

    2016-01-01

    Background Context Controversy remains over the use of provocative discography in conjunction with computed tomography (CT) to locate symptomatic intervertebral discs in patients with chronic, low back pain (LBP).?The current study explores the relationship between discogenic pain and disc morphology using discography and CT, respectively, and investigates the efficacy of this combined method in identifying surgical candidates for lumbar fusion by evaluating outcomes. Methods 43 consecutive p...

  9. Comparison of levocabastine, a new selective H1-receptor antagonist, and disodium cromoglycate, in a nasal provocation test with allergen.

    OpenAIRE

    Kolly, M; Pécoud, A

    1986-01-01

    The effect of intranasal administration of levocabastine, a new selective H1-receptor antagonist, was investigated in a nasal provocation test (NPT) performed with allergens. The NPT allowed a quantitative estimation of the nasal allergic threshold (concentration of allergen necessary to trigger the reaction). In addition, the intensity of the three major rhinitis symptoms (obstruction, rhinorrhea and sneezing) was determined. Twelve adult patients, allergic to grass pollen, underwent a first...

  10. Moderating role of trait hope in the relation between painful and provocative events and acquired capability for suicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Sean M; Cukrowicz, Kelly C; Van Allen, Jason; Seegan, Paige L

    2015-01-01

    The interpersonal theory of suicide has gained empirical support as a conceptualization of suicide risk; however, little research has examined the role of individual traits, such as trait hope, within the interpersonal theory of suicide. The purpose of this study was to further investigate the role of trait hope components (i.e., pathways and agency) in acquired capability for suicide. Participants were 711 college students who completed measures of acquired capability for suicide, painful and provocative events, and trait hope (i.e., pathways and agency). Linear regression was used to test the hypotheses. As hypothesized, there was a positive relation between pathways and acquired capability. Contrary to our hypotheses, after controlling for gender there was a significant relation between agency and acquired capability. In addition, after controlling for gender, pathways did not moderate the relation between painful and provocative events and acquired capability, whereas agency did moderate this relation. Painful and provocative events should be assessed as a risk factor for acquired capability for suicide, and this may be more salient for individuals higher in the agency component of trait hope. Future research should consider examining the role of other traits within the interpersonal theory of suicide.

  11. 42 CFR 436.3 - Definitions and use of terms.

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    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Definitions and use of terms. 436.3 Section 436.3... Provisions and Definitions § 436.3 Definitions and use of terms. As used in this part— AABD means aid to the... the permanently and totally disabled under title XIV of the Act; Categorically needy refers to...

  12. 78 FR 78386 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: Definition...

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    2013-12-26

    ...: Definition and Requirements for a Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: On... Administration (OSHA) sponsored information collection request (ICR) revision titled, ``Definition and Requirements for a Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory'' to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for...

  13. Transgression médiatique et provocations décadentes: La décadence comme comportement médiatique.

    OpenAIRE

    Yoan Vérilhac

    2012-01-01

    The decadent and symbolist movements are deeply connected to the creation of media: newspapers, small reviews which make the promotion of the young poets and their original works. In the 1880’s, the decadent reviews use in a provocative way the codes and the media potentialities. However this provocative press is based on a double language (especially about the relationship with the public), and this contradiction generates a negative image in the popular press: the new generation of poets an...

  14. [Characteristics of pulmonary function in children with atypical asthma with chest tightness as chief complaint before and after bronchial provocation test].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Wen; Lv, Min; Zhang, Jian; Hua, Shan; Shang, Qi-Yun

    2015-07-01

    To investigate the characteristics of pulmonary function in children with atypical asthma with chest tightness as the chief complaint before and after a bronchial provocation test. This study included 34 children with atypical asthmas who underwent bronchial provocation test between January 2010 and December 2013. Thirty-four children with typical asthmas were selected as the control group. The pulmonary function of the atypical asthma group was examined before and after the bronchial provocation test and compared with that of the control group in the acute episode and remission stages. The forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC, peak expiratory flow, forced expiratory flow 25%, 50%, 75% (FEF25, FEF50, FEF75), and maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF75/25) in the atypical asthma group before the bronchial provocation test were (105±12)%, (104±12)%, (100±7)%, (88±13)%, (90±14)%, (81±17)%, (73±25)%, and (80±17)%, respectively; these functional indices were significantly higher than in the control group in the acute episode stage (P0.05). In addition, no significant difference in pulmonary indices was observed between the atypical asthma group after the bronchial provocation test and the control group in the acute episode stage (P>0.05), but functional indices above were significantly lower in the atypical asthma group after the bronchial provocation test than in the control group in the remission stage and the atypical asthma group before the bronchial provocation test (PBronchial provocation test is useful in the diagnosis of atypical asthma in children.

  15. Opioid Hypersensitivity: Predictors of Allergy and Role of Drug Provocation Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Philip H; Ue, Kok Loong; Wagner, Annette; Rutkowski, Ryszard; Rutkowski, Krzysztof

    True IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to opioids is rare and many reactions are due to direct mast cell degranulation. Opioid drug provocation testing (DPT) is the gold standard for diagnosis but is underutilized. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and predictors of opioid hypersensitivity, as well as outcomes of opioid DPT. Patients referred for opioid DPT over the past 9 years were studied. Patient characteristics, indications for opioid use, symptoms of index reaction, and outcomes of DPT were analyzed. Association analysis was performed to study variables associated with a diagnosis of opioid hypersensitivity. Of the total of 98 patients referred with suspected opioid hypersensitivity, 15 (15%) were diagnosed with opioid allergy. Angioedema (odds ratio [OR]: 5.66; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.49-21.47; P = .011) and hypotension (OR: 5.00; 95% CI: 1.15-21.70; P = .032) were significantly more frequent in opioid allergic patients than those with a negative DPT. Patients who received opioids during anesthesia were significantly more likely to be opioid allergic (OR: 6.74; 95% CI: 2.05-22.13; P = .001). In contrast, a negative association was identified with patients who received opioids for analgesia (OR: 0.27; 95% CI: 0.08-0.86; P = .008). Only 15% of our cohort were diagnosed with opioid allergy, emphasizing the importance of DPT in preventing erroneous overdiagnosis. Patients with a history of angioedema or hypotension as their index reaction were significantly more likely to be opioid allergic. DPT are safe when performed by experienced clinicians after risk stratification and using individualized protocols. Copyright © 2017 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Amoxicillin allergy in children: five-day drug provocation test in the diagnosis of nonimmediate reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Francesca; Cianferoni, Antonella; Barni, Simona; Pucci, Neri; Rossi, Maria Elisabetta; Novembre, Elio

    2015-01-01

    The drug provocation test (DPT) is the gold standard to rule out drug hypersensitivity. There are standardized DPT protocols to diagnose immediate reactions to drugs, but not for nonimmediate reactions. The aim of this study was to show the sensitivity and specificity of an allergy work-up that included a 5-day DPT in children with histories of nonimmediate reactions to amoxicillin through focusing on a pediatric population with histories of immediate and nonimmediate reactions to amoxicillin. Two hundred consecutive patients with histories of amoxicillin reactions referred to the Allergy Unit of Anna Meyer Children's Hospital for suspected drug allergy from 2008 to 2011 underwent in vivo tests with the culprit drug according to European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology guidelines. Moreover, most of those children, regardless of the skin tests results, were challenged with amoxicillin for a total of 5 days. In 4 years, 200 patients were evaluated for a history of drug hypersensitivity to amoxicillin. The majority of patients (76%) had a history of mild nonimmediate reactions. All 200 patients underwent skin tests, and 9 of 200 tested positive. A total of 177 DPTs were performed with amoxicillin for 5 days in each child. Diagnosis of amoxicillin allergy was confirmed by a DPT in 17 patients (9.6%); 14/17 had history of nonimmediate reactions; 4/14 (26.6%) reacted on day 5. According to our results, a long-term DPT protocol increases the sensitivity of the allergy work-up, and it should be recommended for patients with a history of amoxicillin nonimmediate reaction. Copyright © 2015 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. The nasal provocation test combined with spirometry establishes paradoxical vocal fold motion in allergic subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivier, Celso Eduardo; Argentão, Daiana Guedes Pinto; Lima, Regiane Patussi dos Santos; da Silva, Mariana Dias; dos Santos, Raquel Acácia Pereira Gonçalves

    2013-01-01

    Vocal cord dysfunction (also called paradoxical vocal cord motion) or paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) is an event elicited by specific and nonspecific triggers in which its diagnosis is limited by the restricted number of available functional tests. This study was designed to appreciate the contribution of the spirometric changes elicited by the allergen-specific nasal provocation test (NPT) performed with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus for the diagnosis of PVFM in subjects with known sensitization to this allergen. In total, 63 subjects with allergic rhinitis who had previously been shown to be sensitized to D. pteronyssinus and who had experienced one or more episodes of inspiratory shortness of breath underwent two spirometric tests, one before (pre-NPT) and another 15 minutes after the allergen-specific NPT (post-NPT). The forced inspiratory vital capacity (FIVC), forced inspiratory volume in 2 seconds (FIV2), and the ratio between the FIV in 1 second and FIVC (FIV1/FIVC) were measured by spirometry. The morphology of the post-NPT inspiratory loop was compared with the pre-NPT inspiratory loop. We found that 18 subjects (28.5%) showed alterations suggestive of PVFM on post-NPT spirometry (e.g., truncation and/or flattening of the inspiratory loop). The mean differences between the pre-NPT and post-NPT values for the whole group were significant using a two-tailed paired t-test for the FIVC (4.1; 95% confidence interval [CI95%], 1.4-6.8), FIV1/FIVC ratio (2.7; CI95%, 0.05-5.3), and FIV2 (7.2; CI95%, 3.4-11). Allergen-specific NPT combined with spirometry is useful to show allergen-specific laryngeal hyperresponsiveness in allergic subjects with PVFM. Brazilian clinical trial registry platform (Plataforma Brasil, CAAE 07971212.0.0000.5480).

  18. Clinical value of single versus composite provocative clinical tests in the assessment of painful shoulder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salaffi, Fausto; Ciapetti, Alessandro; Carotti, Marina; Gasparini, Stefania; Filippucci, Emilio; Grassi, Walter

    2010-04-01

    The aims of the present study were to investigate the clinical value of the provocative clinical tests and propose a composite index for the assessment of painful shoulder, using ultrasonography (US) as reference method. Two hundred three patients with painful shoulder underwent both clinical and US evaluations. The physical examination was carried out performing the Hawkins, Jobe, Patte, Gerber, and Speed tests. Each test was included in a composite index namely, SNAPSHOT (Simple Numeric Assessment of Pain by SHOulder Tests). The US examination was performed by a rheumatologist experienced in US and blinded to clinical findings. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, positive and negative likelihood ratio of each clinical test were calculated. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to assess the performance of the composite SNAPSHOT index. Sensitivity was low for the clinical diagnosis of all shoulder abnormalities. The highest sensitivity and smallest negative likelihood ratio were found for the Hawkins (63.88% and 0.50%) and Patte (62.21% and 0.52%) tests. Specificity was good for Speed (76.33%), Gerber (75.42%), and Patte (74.20%) tests. Patte and Speed tests were the most accurate (71.12% and 66.41%, respectively). The calculated area under the ROC curve related to the SNAPSHOT composite index was 0.881 +/- 0.026. With an optimal cut-off point of 3, the sensitivity and specificity were 75.8% and 87.5%, respectively. The results of the present study showed that SNAPSHOT is a feasible, informative and quantitative composite index for the assessment of painful shoulder in the clinical setting.

  19. Evaluation of drug provocation test-related anxiety in patients with drug hypersensitivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soyyiğit, Şadan; Aydın, Ömür; Yılmaz, İnsu; Özdemir, Seçil Kepil; Cankorur, Vesile Şentürk; Atbaşoğlu, Cem; Çelik, Gülfem Elif

    2016-09-01

    Drug provocation tests (DPTs) are important in the treatment of patients with drug hypersensitivity (DH), but they carry certain hypersensitivity reaction risks, which lead to procedure-related concerns in patients. To investigate DPT-related anxiety and its effect on long-term use of tested drugs. The study included patients who underwent DPT from July 1, 2009, to July 1, 2012. After recording the patients' history and characteristics, a variety of psychiatric (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Panic and Agoraphobia Scale, and the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory) and quality-of-life (36-item Short Form Health Survey) tests were performed. DPT-related anxiety was also evaluated using a visual analog scale. The patients were requestioned about whether they had used the tested drug within 1 year. A total of 126 patients were included in the study. According to the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, 23.4% and 30.6% of the patients had depression and anxiety symptoms, respectively. The mean (SD) visual analog scale anxiety scores after a negative DPT result were lower than those before DPTs (2 [2.5] after vs 5.2 [3.4] before; P anxiety related to drug reactions, despite negative DPT results and symptoms indicated for use of the drug. Our findings suggest that DPTs in themselves cause significant anxiety in patients with DH. Importantly, anxiety levels decreased after a negative test result. However, our results also suggested that a negative DPT result is not convincing enough for some patients to use the tested drug when needed in the future. Therefore, supporting strategies appear to be the most effective way to eliminate DH-related anxiety of patients. Copyright © 2016 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Provocation proven drug allergy in Thai children with adverse drug reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indradat, Somying; Veskitkul, Jittima; Pacharn, Punchama; Jirapongsananuruk, Orathai; Visitsunthorn, Nualanong

    2016-03-01

    Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are a common healthcare problem. The drug provocation test (DPT) is a gold standard for ADR diagnosis. To evaluate a correlation between history of ADRs, skin prick test (SPT), intradermal test (ID) and DPT in Thai children. This was a retrospective review of 211 children under 16 years of age who had a history of ADRs and underwent DPT from January 2006 to December 2012. Two hundred and thirty six (236) DPTs were performed in 211 children with a history of ADRs. The median age at which DPTs were performed was 4 years. Thirty-four children (14.4%) had positive DPT. The positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratio (LR) + and LR- of SPT were 50, 85.7, 6.9, 98.8%, 5.8 and 0.9, respectively. The PPV, NPV, sensitivity, specificity, LR+ and LR- of ID were 33.3, 84.6, 20, 91.7%, 2.4 and 0.9, respectively. Different presentation of symptoms (maculopapular rashes, urticaria, angioedema and anaphylaxis) did not predict SPT, ID and DPT results. Positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but not atopy, was a risk in the present scope of evaluation for drug allergy (odds ratio 11.44, 95% confidence interval 2.60-50.41). Drug allergy, denoted by positive DPT, was present in 14.4% of Thai children with a history of ADRs. Antibiotics were the most common cause of ADRs. Both SPT and ID had high NPV and specificity but did not predict DPT results. HIV positivity is a risk factor of drug allergy in Thai children.

  1. Esophageal reflexes modulate frontoparietal response in neonates: Novel application of concurrent NIRS and provocative esophageal manometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakiraih, Joanna F.; Hasenstab, Kathryn A.; Dar, Irfaan; Gao, Xiaoyu; Bates, D. Gregory; Kashou, Nasser H.

    2014-01-01

    Central and peripheral neural regulation of swallowing and aerodigestive reflexes is unclear in human neonates. Functional near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive method to measure changes in oxyhemoglobin (HbO) and deoxyhemoglobin (HbD). Pharyngoesophageal manometry permits evaluation of aerodigestive reflexes. Modalities were combined to investigate feasibility and to test neonatal frontoparietal cortical changes during pharyngoesophageal (visceral) stimulation and/or swallowing. Ten neonates (45.6 ± 3.0 wk postmenstrual age, 4.1 ± 0.5 kg) underwent novel pharyngoesophageal manometry concurrent with NIRS. To examine esophagus-brain interactions, we analyzed cortical hemodynamic response (HDR) latency and durations during aerodigestive provocation and esophageal reflexes. Data are presented as means ± SE or percent. HDR rates were 8.84 times more likely with basal spontaneous deglutition compared with sham stimuli (P = 0.004). Of 182 visceral stimuli, 95% were analyzable for esophageal responses, 38% for HDR, and 36% for both. Of analyzable HDR (n = 70): 1) HbO concentration (μmol/l) baseline 1.5 ± 0.7 vs. 3.7 ± 0.7 poststimulus was significant (P = 0.02), 2) HbD concentration (μmol/l) between baseline 0.1 ± 0.4 vs. poststimulus −0.5 ± 0.4 was not significant (P = 0.73), and 3) hemispheric lateralization was 21% left only, 29% right only, and 50% bilateral. During concurrent esophageal and NIRS responses (n = 66): 1) peristaltic reflexes were present in 74% and HDR in 61% and 2) HDR was 4.75 times more likely with deglutition reflex vs. secondary peristaltic reflex (P = 0.016). Concurrent NIRS with visceral stimulation is feasible in neonates, and frontoparietal cortical activation is recognized. Deglutition contrasting with secondary peristalsis is related to cortical activation, thus implicating higher hierarchical aerodigestive protective functional neural networks. PMID:24789204

  2. Alpha-9 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors mediate hypothermic responses elicited by provocative motion in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Longlong; Poppi, Lauren; Rudd, John; Cresswell, Ethan T; Smith, Doug W; Brichta, Alan; Nalivaiko, Eugene

    2017-05-15

    Hypothermic responses accompany motion sickness in humans and can be elicited by provocative motion in rats. We aimed to determine the potential role in these responses of the efferent cholinergic vestibular innervation. To this end, we used knockout (KO) mice lacking α9 cholinoreceptor subunit predominantly expressed in the vestibular hair cells and CBA strain as a wild-type (WT) control. In WT mice, circular horizontal motion (1Hz, 4cm radius, 20min) caused rapid and dramatic falls in core body temperature and surface head temperature associated with a transient rise in the tail temperature; these responses were substantially attenuated in KO mice; changes were (WT vs. KO): for the core body temperature-5.2±0.3 vs. -2.9±0.3°C; for the head skin temperature-3.3±0.2 vs. -1.7±0.2°C; for the tail skin temperature+3.9±1.1 vs+1.1±1.2°C. There was a close correlation in the time course of cooling the body and the surface of the head. KO mice also required 25% more time to complete a balance test. We conclude: i) that the integrity of cholinergic efferent vestibular system is essential for the full expression of motion-induced hypothermia in mice, and that the role of this system is likely facilitatory; ii) that the system is involvement in control of balance, but the involvement is not major; iii) that in mice, motion-induced body cooling is mediated via increased heat flow through vasodilated tail vasculature and (likely) via reduced thermogenesis. Our results support the idea that hypothermia is a biological correlate of a nausea-like state in animals. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Provocation of coronary vasospastic angina using an isoproterenol head-up tilt test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Ming-Jui; Wang, Chao-Hung; Cherng, Wen-Jin

    2004-01-01

    The goals of this study were to determine the value of the isoproterenol (ISO) head-up tilt (HUT) test in detecting coronary vasospastic angina and to investigate the possible mechanism responsible for coronary artery spasm. The ISO + HUT test was performed in 16 patients with coronary artery spasm documented by the intracoronary ergonovine provocation test. Patients' blood pressure and heart rate were measured at baseline, during the ISO + HUT (phase I), and during HUT after discontinuation of ISO (phase II). Patients were categorized as test-positive if they developed angina with ST-segment elevation during testing. Eight patients (50%) were test-positive (5 in phase I and 3 in phase II). Between the test-positive and test-negative groups, no significant differences were noted in the changes in blood pressure throughout the test. However, there were significant differences in the changes in heart rate from supine to 2 minutes after HUT under ISO infusion (-17 +/-22 vs 11 +/-25 beats/minute; p=0.035). In those patients with a positive result in the phase I stage, the heart rate decreased initially after tilt-up, and then significantly increased later (from 85 +/-16 to 110 +/-27 beats/minute; p=0.043), when coronary vasospasm occurred. In those patients with a positive result in the phase II stage, coronary vasospasm occurred immediately after HUT, when there was an insignificant transient increase in heart rate from the supine to the HUT position (from 85 +/-12 to 92 +/-11 beats/minute; p=0.109). The ISO + HUT test can provoke coronary vasospasm with ST-segment elevation in 50% of the patients with coronary artery spasm, when combined with an extensional protocol of HUT after discontinuation of ISO. This study suggests that the induction of coronary artery spasm during HUT testing is associated with a rapid elevation of sympathetic activity during augmented parasympathetic activity.

  4. TITLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nisha K. M

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The new millennium is seen as an epoch of entrepreneurship with entrepreneurs perceiving novel opportunities, organizing resources, undertaking risks to pursue their goals in establishing innovative ventures for scaling new horizons. Women entrepreneurs have the potency to confront numerous challenges, such as creating equity, equilibrium, ensuring sustainable and inclusive socio economic development in divergent economies, by seizing tremendous business opportunities in the contemporary commercial world. Kerala, the southern State of India, is experiencing an economic renovation through technological transformation and, in particular, through the growth of women oriented Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs. The study aims to; identify the growth trends of women’s entrepreneurship in the micro enterprises of Kerala; examine whether women’s entrepreneurial activities significantly vary across the form of women owned enterprises, type of organization and nature of activity; and also explore the prospects and challenges faced by women entrepreneurs through micro entrepreneurial activities. Research methodology involves the application of descriptive quantitative analysis on the secondary data primarily collected from the database of Directorate of Industries and District Industries Centre for a period of 7 years extending from 2007-08 to 2013-14. Findings reveal that MSMEs spawn better income distribution, by operating in heterogeneous areas of the economy with limited capital and creating more employment opportunities, thereby reducing poverty and inequalities. The trend analysis reflects an escalation in the number of enterprises, investments, profits and employment opportunities generated especially through micro enterprises of women. They play a crucial role in the economy in terms of creating self employment and generating employment opportunities for others. A paradigm shift is seen in the role of women’s entrepreneurship in terms of innovation, attitudes, leadership qualities, competitiveness, entrepreneurial skill and absorbing new entrants to the job market, empowering marginalized women.

  5. Avoiding Title V permitting pitfalls

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laswell, D.L.

    1993-04-01

    Title V of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments requires states to implement new air operating permit programs. States have a great deal of flexibility in developing their permit programs. Industry should work now to ensure that state programs contain the favorable aspects of the federal regulations and do not contain more stringent requirements that are not required under the Clean Air Act. This article outlines areas of the permit program that have the potential to handicap industry`s ability to expand.

  6. 48 CFR 1832.1009 - Title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Title. 1832.1009 Section... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Performance-Based Payments 1832.1009 Title. In accordance with 42 U.S.C. 2465d, NASA shall not take title to launch vehicles under contracts for launch services...

  7. 12 CFR 543.1 - Corporate title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Corporate title. 543.1 Section 543.1 Banks and...-INCORPORATION, ORGANIZATION, AND CONVERSION § 543.1 Corporate title. (a) General. A Federal savings association shall not adopt a title that misrepresents the nature of the institution or the services it offers. (b...

  8. 48 CFR 1371.111 - Title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Title. 1371.111 Section... REGULATIONS ACQUISITIONS INVOLVING SHIP CONSTRUCTION AND SHIP REPAIR Provisions and Clauses 1371.111 Title. Insert clause 1352.271-80, Title, in all solicitations and contracts for ship repair. ...

  9. 48 CFR 1252.217-77 - Title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Title. 1252.217-77 Section... SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 1252.217-77 Title. As prescribed at (TAR) 48 CFR 1217.7001(b) and (c), insert the following clause: Title (OCT 1994) (a) Unless otherwise...

  10. 48 CFR 32.1009 - Title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Title. 32.1009 Section 32... REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Performance-Based Payments 32.1009 Title. (a) Since the clause at 52.232-32, Performance-Based Payments, gives the Government title to the property described in paragraph (f) of the...

  11. 7 CFR 2812.6 - Title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Title. 2812.6 Section 2812.6 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF OPERATIONS, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...) § 2812.6 Title. Title to excess personal property/equipment donated under this Part will automatically...

  12. 45 CFR 1309.20 - Title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Title. 1309.20 Section 1309.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH... FACILITIES PURCHASE, MAJOR RENOVATION AND CONSTRUCTION Protection of Federal Interest § 1309.20 Title. Title...

  13. 42 CFR 476.86 - Correlation of Title XI functions with Title XVIII functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Correlation of Title XI functions with Title XVIII functions. 476.86 Section 476.86 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF...) Qio Review Functions § 476.86 Correlation of Title XI functions with Title XVIII functions. (a...

  14. Mammalian Toxicology Testing: Problem Definition Study, Personnel Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-01

    supporting documents. The Contrzt title, MAMMALIAN TOXICO - LOGY TESTING: PROBLEM DEFINITION STUDY, is the main title for all the reports. Individual...Agency" (Conservation Founda- tion 1978) it was estimated that there are approximately 2,700 senior toxico - logists and a total of 5,000 toxicologists in

  15. Trapeziometacarpal Arthritis: A Prospective Clinical Evaluation of the Thumb Adduction and Extension Provocative Tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelberman, Richard H; Boone, Sean; Osei, Daniel A; Cherney, Steven; Calfee, Ryan P

    2015-07-01

    To determine the diagnostic performance (ie, sensitivity, specificity, interrater reliability) of the thumb metacarpal adduction and extension tests against traditional examination maneuvers for trapeziometacarpal (TMC) arthritis. This cross-sectional study recruited 129 patients from 2 outpatient offices at a tertiary institution. All patients had radiographic wrist examinations and completed a standardized physical examination consisting of the thumb adduction and extension tests as well as standard examination maneuvers for radial wrist and thumb pain. The physical examinations were performed by 1 of 2 attending physicians and an independent examiner. Patients were recruited for 3 diagnostic groups: TMC arthritis, radial wrist or hand pain, and nonradial wrist pain controls. Statistical analysis calculated the sensitivity, specificity, and interrater reliability of each physical examination maneuver for detecting TMC arthritis. The thumb adduction maneuver was found to have a sensitivity of 0.94 (confidence interval [CI], 0.82-0.98) and a specificity of 0.93 (CI, 0.86-0.97). The thumb extension maneuver had a sensitivity of 0.94 (CI, 0.82-0.98) and a specificity of 0.95 (CI, 0.87-0.98). The interrater reliability was excellent for both the adduction (κ = 0.79) and the extension tests (κ = 0.84). The grind test had a sensitivity of 0.44 (CI, 0.30-0.59), a specificity of 0.92 (CI, 0.84-0.97), and poor interrater reliability (0.31). Point tenderness at the TMC joint had a sensitivity of 0.94 (CI, 0.82-0.98), a specificity of 0.81 (CI, 0.71-0.88) and fair interrater reliability (κ = 0.63). The adduction and extension tests each proved to be more sensitive than the grind test for the detection of TMC arthritis. Further, these provocative tests were more specific for basal joint arthrosis than was the elicitation of point tenderness at the joint. The metacarpal adduction and extension maneuvers demonstrated excellent utility as screening tests for the

  16. Five-year major clinical outcomes according to severity of coronary artery spasm as assessed by intracoronary acetylcholine provocation test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yong Hoon; Her, Ae-Young; Rha, Seung-Woon; Choi, Byoung Geol; Shim, Minsuk; Choi, Se Yeon; Byun, Jae Kyeong; Li, Hu; Kim, Woohyeun; Kang, Jun Hyuk; Choi, Jah Yeon; Park, Eun Jin; Park, Sung Hun; Lee, Sunki; Na, Jin Oh; Choi, Cheol Ung; Lim, Hong Euy; Kim, Eung Ju; Park, Chang Gyu; Seo, Hong Seog; Oh, Dong Joo

    2017-10-10

    Long-term clinical outcome data according to severity of coronary artery spasm (CAS) as assessed by an intracoronary acetylcholine provocation test are limited in series of Asian patients. To investigate 5-year clinical outcomes in patients with CAS according to CAS severity. In total, 5873 consecutive patients with insignificant coronary artery disease (<70% fixed stenosis) who underwent an acetylcholine provocation test were enrolled and divided into four groups according to CAS severity during the acetylcholine provocation test: negative, borderline positive, moderately positive and severely positive. CAS severity was assessed by quantitative coronary angiography. We investigated 5-year clinical outcomes according to CAS severity. Over a follow-up period of up to 5 years, before adjustment, the severely-positive CAS group showed a significantly higher incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE; composite of death, myocardial infarction and de novo revascularization) (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.834, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.047-3.211; P=0.033), total death (HR: 3.124, 95% CI: 1.047-9.322; P=0.041), myocardial infarction (HR: 3.190, 95% CI: 1.069-9.519; P=0.037) and recurrent angina (HR: 1.762, 95% CI: 1.363-2.278; P<0.001) compared with the negative group. However, after adjustment for baseline confounders, only the incidence of recurrent angina (HR: 1.323, 95% CI: 1.014-1.726; P=0.039) was significantly higher in the severely-positive CAS group compared with the negative group. The severity of CAS in the positive group was not associated with an increased incidence of MACE after adjustment for covariates compared with the negative group, but the severely-positive CAS group was associated with a higher incidence of recurrent angina compared with the negative group. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  17. The byzantine title of Constantine Bodin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komatina Predrag

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the use of the title exousiastes on the newly discovered seal of Constantine Bodin. It analyses the meaning and use of this title in the sources of a diplomatic character of the 10th century, as well as its use in the 11th century sources. The question is posed why this title was used on Bodin’s seal instead of the title archon, which had been used for former Serbian rulers, as well as whether this phenomenon had any connection to the fact that Serbian rulers, beginning at the end of the rule of Bodin’s father Michael, used the title of king.

  18. Effects of RF fields emitted from smart phones on cardio-respiratory parameters: a preliminary provocation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Min Kyung; Nam, Ki Chang; Lee, Da Som; Jang, Kyung Hwan; Kim, Deok Won

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes an experimental setup for evaluating the physiological effects of radiofrequency (RF) emitted from a Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) module with a 24 dBm at 1950 MHz for specific absorption rate (SAR(1g)) of 1.57 W/kg. This provocation study was executed in a double-blind study of two volunteer groups of 10 self-reported electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) and 10 non-EHS subjects under both sham and real exposures in a randomly assigned and counter-balanced order. In the preliminary results, WCDMA RF exposure of 30 min did not have any effects on physiological changes in either group.

  19. Immediate hypersensitivity to iodinated contrast media: diagnostic accuracy of skin tests and intravenous provocation test with low dose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sesé, L; Gaouar, H; Autegarden, J-E; Alari, A; Amsler, E; Vial-Dupuy, A; Pecquet, C; Francès, C; Soria, A

    2016-03-01

    The diagnosis of HSR to iodinated contrast media (ICM) is challenging based on clinical history and skin tests. This study evaluates the negative predictive value (NPV) of skin tests and intravenous provocation test (IPT) with low-dose ICM in patients with suspected immediate hypersensitivity reaction (HSR) to ICM. Thirty-seven patients with suspected immediate hypersensitivity reaction to ICM were included retrospectively. Skin tests and a single-blind placebo-controlled intravenous provocation test (IPT) with low-dose iodinated contrast media (ICM) were performed. Skin tests with ICM were positive in five cases (one skin prick test and five intradermal test). Thirty-six patients were challenged successfully by IPT, and only one patient had a positive challenge result, with a grade I reaction by the Ring and Messmer classification. Ten of 23 patients followed up by telephone were re-exposed to a negative tested ICM during radiologic examination; two experienced a grade I immediate reaction. For immediate hypersensitivity reaction to ICM, the NPV for skin tests and IPT with low dose was 80% (95% CI 44-97%). © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Harsh discipline and readiness for interpersonal aggression in Poland and the USA: the mediating role of sensitivity to provocations and frustrations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominiak-Kochanek Monika

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the effect of history of harsh parenting on readiness for aggression in young adults testing the mediating effect of emotional reaction to frustration and provocation that is assumed to arise in the context of a history of physical punishment and psychological aggression. Data were collected from 402 participants including 187 Poles (Mage = 9.5; SD = 1.2 and 215 Americans (Mage = 19.16, SD = 1.15. Participants reported retrospectively on corporal punishment and psychological aggression experienced during childhood. Based on self-report instruments, sensitivity to provocation and frustration and three patterns of readiness for aggression in adulthood were assessed. Contrary to the US sample, sensitivity to provocation and frustration were mediators in the Polish sample alone. The important role of contextual factors that define harsh parenting circumstances, such as cultural context and sex of the parent, are discussed.

  1. Basophil histamine release in the diagnosis of house dust mite and dander allergy of asthmatic children. Comparison between prick test, RAST, basophil histamine release and bronchial provocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostergaard, P A; Ebbesen, F; Nolte, H; Skov, P S

    1990-04-01

    The aim of the study is to compare the glass fibre-based basophil histamine release test with skin test (Phazet), RAST (Phadebas) and bronchial provocation test in children with allergic asthma. The study comprised 68 selected children with a case history of extrinsic allergic asthma to danders (cat and dog) and house-dust mite. Skin prick test, RAST, and histamine release were performed in all children and the bronchial provocation test was used as a reference of "true allergic asthma". A total of 81 allergen bronchial challenges were performed and 44 children experienced 49 positive provocations. In 2.9% (2/68) of the children histamine release could not be performed due to technical difficulties (low histamine release with anti-IgE). Concordances in the range 76-87% were observed with no significant difference between the tests. The highest concordance (87%) was found between histamine release and bronchial provocation test followed by skin prick test vs bronchial provocation (84%) and RAST vs bronchial provocation (80%). The sensitivity and specificity were calculated for each test. All tests showed sensitivities in the range 90-94% and no significant difference between them was observed. The specificity of histamine release, skin prick test, and RAST was 0.78, 0.69, and 0.63, respectively. The specificity of histamine release was better than RAST demonstrated by 95% confidence intervals. In conclusion, it was found that the histamine release test is a convenient diagnostic method and the study indicates a diagnostic value comparable to the common diagnostic methods in clinical allergy.

  2. Land Titles and Rice Production in Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Den Broeck, Katleen; Newman, Carol; Tarp, Finn

    In most of the empirical literature on land titling, the household is regarded as unitary, and land rights are found to have ambiguous effects on land allocation, investment and productivity. Using data from 12 provinces in Vietnam, we diversify land titles, and show in a household fixed effects...... analysis of plot level rice yields that land titles are indeed important. Only exclusively held titles have the expected positive effects, and the positive effect on yields is found in male headed households. Furthermore, a household level rice yield function reveals that exclusive user rights...... are inefficiency decreasing, while jointly held user rights have no efficiency effects. Finally, once the gender of the head of household is controlled for, exclusively held female titles have a greater positive effect on the efficiency of the household than that of male held titles....

  3. MEDLARS Abbreviations for Medical Journal Titles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charen, Thelma; Gillespie, Constantine J.

    1971-01-01

    The National Library of Medicine announces its adoption of the Anglo-American standard for the formulation of journal title abbreviations according to the American National Standard for the Abbreviation of Titles of Periodicals (1969), with individual words abbreviated, in turn, according to the International List of Periodical Title Word Abbreviations (1970). The history of the activity of the specific Z39 Committee of USASI (now ANSI) concerned with journal title abbreviations is reviewed, covering the period from 1962 to the present. A history of the National Clearinghouse for Periodical Title Word Abbreviations and of the International List is also given. Former NLM usage is compared with the forms of the present International List and examples show the major changes in NLM abbreviations. The NLM Rules for Abbreviation of Periodical Titles as derived from the new standard are appended. PMID:5146764

  4. [Effects and significance of methacholine bronchial provocation tests and salbutamol bronchial dilation test on measurements of fractional exhaled nitric oxide in patients with asthma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jielu; Yu, Huapeng; Tan, Xiaomei; Wu, Shuhan; Zhang, Pan; Fang, Zekui; Wang, Cuilan; He, Xi

    2016-03-01

    To study the effects and significance of methacholine (Mch) bronchial provocation tests and salbutamol bronchial dilation test on measurements of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in patients with asthma. This was a prospective study conducted between November 2014 and August 2015. A total of 135 patients with asthma visiting the respiratory clinic of Zhujiang Hospital were enrolled. The patients received either Mch bronchial provocation test or salbutamol bronchial dilation test based on their FEV1/FVC values and cooperative degree. Mch bronchial provocation test was performed by using Astograph Jupiter-21 (Astograh group) or APS-Pro airway reaction testing apparatus (APS group), and salbutamol bronchial dilation test was performed by using Jaeger spirometer (Dilation group). We compared the differences between FeNO values measured before examinations (Pre-FeNO) and 5 min after completion of these examinations (Post-FeNO). The geometric mean of Pre-FeNO and Post-FeNO was 28.07 ppb and 24.08 ppb respectively in the Astograh group, with a significant decrease of the FeNO value after the examination (Z=-3.093, P=0.002). A significant difference between Pre-FeNO and Post-FeNO was found in patients who had positive provocation results in the Astograh group (Z=-2.787, P=0.005), but not in the patients with negative results (Z=-1.355, P=0.176). The geometric mean of FeNO in the APS group decreased significantly from 27.95 ppb to 23.15 ppb after the examination was completed (Z=-5.170, P=0.000); both in patients with positive saline or Mch provocation results and in patients with negative provocation results, the differences between Pre-FeNO and Post-FeNO in the APS group being significant (Z=-2.705, -3.709, -2.371, P=0.002, 0.000, 0.018). No difference of FeNO change(ΔFeNO) was observed between the 2 Mch bronchial provocation test groups (Ubronchial dilation test has minor effect on the measurement of FeNO, but Mch bronchial provocation tests can significantly

  5. Ships Docked at Title V Permitted Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Policy and Guidance Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-operating-permit-policy-and-guidance-document-index. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  6. Allergic asthmatics show divergent lipid mediator profiles from healthy controls both at baseline and following birch pollen provocation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna L Lundström

    Full Text Available Asthma is a respiratory tract disorder characterized by airway hyper-reactivity and chronic inflammation. Allergic asthma is associated with the production of allergen-specific IgE and expansion of allergen-specific T-cell populations. Progression of allergic inflammation is driven by T-helper type 2 (Th2 mediators and is associated with alterations in the levels of lipid mediators.Responses of the respiratory system to birch allergen provocation in allergic asthmatics were investigated. Eicosanoids and other oxylipins were quantified in the bronchoalveolar lumen to provide a measure of shifts in lipid mediators associated with allergen challenge in allergic asthmatics.Eighty-seven lipid mediators representing the cyclooxygenase (COX, lipoxygenase (LOX and cytochrome P450 (CYP metabolic pathways were screened via LC-MS/MS following off-line extraction of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF. Multivariate statistics using OPLS were employed to interrogate acquired oxylipin data in combination with immunological markers.Thirty-two oxylipins were quantified, with baseline asthmatics possessing a different oxylipin profile relative to healthy individuals that became more distinct following allergen provocation. The most prominent differences included 15-LOX-derived ω-3 and ω-6 oxylipins. Shared-and-Unique-Structures (SUS-plot modeling showed a correlation (R(2 = 0.7 between OPLS models for baseline asthmatics (R(2Y[cum] = 0.87, Q(2[cum] = 0.51 and allergen-provoked asthmatics (R(2Y[cum] = 0.95, Q(2[cum] = 0.73, with the majority of quantified lipid mediators and cytokines contributing equally to both groups. Unique structures for allergen provocation included leukotrienes (LTB(4 and 6-trans-LTB(4, CYP-derivatives of linoleic acid (epoxides/diols, and IL-10.Differences in asthmatic relative to healthy profiles suggest a role for 15-LOX products of both ω-6 and ω-3 origin in allergic inflammation. Prominent differences at baseline levels indicate

  7. Comparing the characteristics of highly cited titles and highly alted titles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Didegah, F.; Bowman, T.D.; Bowman, S.; Hartley, J.

    2016-07-01

    This study examines differences in the types of titles for articles that show high altmetric activity (highly alted articles) versus highly cited articles. This work expands on previous research on document titles in combination with a grounded theory approach to develop a codebook in which articles were manually coded based on 11 characteristics. The results show that there are differences and similarities in titles across many of the examined characteristics; highly cited titles and highly mentioned titles on Wikipedia have some similar characteristics such as they have the the highest percentage of substantive words; in addition, there are no or very few titles referencing outside or with humor/lightness on both platforms. Twitter and Facebook also showed some similarities having the highest percentage of humorous/light titles and lowest percentage of substantive words in their titles. (Author)

  8. The Consensus Definition Redefined from a Representational Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zand Scholten, Annemarie

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the author's critique to Paul E. Newton's article titled "Clarifying the consensus definition of validity." In his article, Newton not only clarifies but also redefines the consensus definition of validity. In this redefinition he omits the term "construct" and introduces the term "measurement." Both omission and introduction…

  9. 23 CFR 1.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... The national policy relating to the regulation of outdoor advertising declared in title 23 U.S.C. 131... Transportation. State. Any State of the United States, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Urban area. An... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL § 1.2 Definitions. (a...

  10. 34 CFR 685.102 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions. 685.102 Section 685.102 Education... (Post-Vietnam Era Veterans' Educational Assistance Program); (H) Chapter 33 of title 38, United States... Secretary's agent in providing services relating to the origination or servicing of Direct Loans. Standard...

  11. 46 CFR 289.1 - Definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONSTRUCTION-DIFFERENTIAL SUBSIDY VESSELS, OPERATING-DIFFERENTIAL SUBSIDY VESSELS AND OF VESSELS SOLD OR ADJUSTED UNDER THE MERCHANT SHIP SALES ACT 1946 § 289.1 Definition. For the purpose of this part, when... or sold with construction-differential subsidy and/or national defense feature allowance under Title...

  12. 32 CFR 242a.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PUBLIC MEETING PROCEDURES OF THE BOARD OF REGENTS, UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES § 242a.2 Definitions. (a) Board or Board of Regents means the collegial body that conducts the business of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences as specified in Title 10, U.S. Code 2113...

  13. 33 CFR 133.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; STATE ACCESS § 133.3 Definitions...”, “State”, and “United States”. (b) As used in this part— Act means Title I of the Oil Pollution Act of...

  14. 12 CFR 622.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Formal Hearings § 622.2 Definitions. As used in this part: (a) Act means the Farm Credit Act of 1971, as... Insurance Corporation, and any service organization chartered under part E of title IV of the Act. (e) Party... employee or other person designated by the Board to conduct a hearing. (g) Ex parte communication means an...

  15. 12 CFR 303.101 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions. 303.101 Section 303.101 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE FILING PROCEDURES Change of... person who holds the title of president, chief executive officer, chief operating officer, chief managing...

  16. 12 CFR 1710.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Banking OFFICE OF FEDERAL HOUSING ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SAFETY AND SOUNDNESS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE General § 1710.2 Definitions. For purposes of this part, the term: (a) Act means the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992, Title XIII...

  17. The diagnostic value of three sacroiliac joint pain provocation tests for sacroiliitis identified by magnetic resonance imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arnbak, B; Jurik, A G; Jensen, R K

    2017-01-01

    was 33 (range 18-40) years and 241 (53%) were women. The prevalence of SI joints with sacroiliitis was 5%. In the whole study group, only the thigh trust test was associated with sacroiliitis, the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) was 0.58 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0......OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to investigate the diagnostic value of three sacroiliac (SI) joint pain provocation tests for sacroiliitis identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and stratified by gender. METHOD: Patients without clinical signs of nerve root compression were.......51-0.65], sensitivity 31% (95% CI 18-47), and specificity 85% (95% CI 82-87). In men, sacroiliitis was associated with all the SI joint tests assessed and multi-test regimens, with the greatest AUC found for at least one positive out of three tests [AUC 0.68 (95% CI 0.56-0.80), sensitivity 56% (95% CI 31...

  18. Behaviour on the nasal provocation test in patients affected by conjunctivitis and/or asthma of allergic origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filiaci, F; Lucarelli, N

    1981-09-01

    In the Allergo-Immunological Centre of Rome University we selected 120 patients of both sexes, ranging from 5-65 years of age, affected by asthma and/or conjunctivitis without past or present history of nasal impairment (itching, sneezing, hydrorrhea). As a result of the allergometric tests carried out, the authors divided the samples into three groups: 1) positive reaction to Dermatophagoides Pteronissimus (66.6%); 2) positive reaction to the Graminacee (28.3%); 3) positive reaction to Parietaria officinalis (5.1%). After having undergone the rhinoreomanometric test of nasal provocation, 50% of the patients revealed a positive reaction to the specific allergen, more specifically at 50 PNU/ml 40% of the case were positive, and at 100 PNU/ml 50% were positive. These results are discussed in the light of modern biological knowledge on the mastocytes in normal subjects and in those suffering from allergy.

  19. How property title impacts urban consolidation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Easthope, Hazel; Warnken, Jan; Sherry, Cathy

    2014-01-01

    Continuing urbanisation is triggering an increase in multi-titled housing internationally. This trend has given rise to a substantial research interest in the social consequences of higher density living. Little enquiry, however, has been directed to examining how property title subdivisions gene...

  20. 24 CFR 3500.16 - Title companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Title companies. 3500.16 Section 3500.16 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued... DEVELOPMENT REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT § 3500.16 Title companies. No seller of property that will...

  1. 31 CFR 505.01 - Short title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Short title. 505.01 Section 505.01 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... CERTAIN MERCHANDISE BETWEEN FOREIGN COUNTRIES § 505.01 Short title. The regulations in this part may be...

  2. 18 CFR 415.1 - Short title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Short title. 415.1 Section 415.1 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-FLOOD PLAIN REGULATIONS Generally § 415.1 Short title. This part shall be known...

  3. 40 CFR 105.3 - Title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Title. 105.3 Section 105.3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS RECOGNITION AWARDS UNDER THE CLEAN WATER ACT General § 105.3 Title. The awards are known as the National Clean Water Act...

  4. Title I Dollars Support Community Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Sarah S.; Blank, Martin J.

    2010-01-01

    Title I funds are available to districts and schools with high numbers or percentages of disadvantaged students to provide services, including academic enrichment services through Title I, Part A, so all the nation's children have an equal opportunity to education and can reach proficiency on state academic achievement standards and assessments.…

  5. 33 CFR 401.1 - Short title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Short title. 401.1 Section 401.1 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations § 401.1 Short title. These regulations may be cited as the...

  6. 7 CFR 1955.141 - Transferring title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Transferring title. 1955.141 Section 1955.141 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS... Transferring title. (a)-(c) [Reserved] (d) Rent increases for MFH property. After approval of a credit sale for...

  7. 29 CFR 18.1103 - Title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Title. 18.1103 Section 18.1103 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE THE OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES Rules of Evidence Applicability § 18.1103 Title. These rules may be known as the United...

  8. 33 CFR 402.2 - Title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Title. 402.2 Section 402.2 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TARIFF OF TOLLS § 402.2 Title. This tariff may be cited as the St. Lawrence Seaway Tariff of Tolls...

  9. Land Titles and Rice Production in Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Den Broeck, Katleen; Newman, Carol; Tarp, Finn

    In most of the empirical literature on land titling, the household is regarded as unitary, and land rights are found to have ambiguous effects on land allocation, investment and productivity. Using data from 12 provinces in Vietnam, we diversify land titles, and show in a household fixed effects...

  10. Student Achievement in Title I Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Abby T.

    2017-01-01

    This researcher seeks to answer the following question: How did two elementary Title I schools, identified as "high performing" on the first Smarter Balanced assessment, address elements of Maslow's hierarchy of needs when developing school-wide initiatives to enhance student achievement? Many students in Title I schools face barriers to…

  11. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 801 - 850 of 879 ... Vol 21, No 5 (2007), The usefulness of reflexive photography for qualitative research: A case study in higher education, Abstract. S Schulze. Vol 16, No ... Vol 25, No 2 (2011), Titles as discourse: Naming and framing research agendas as evident in theses titles in 1995–2004, Abstract. AV Bengesai, BB ...

  12. Informational Dynamics of Journal Article Titles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diener, Richard A. V.

    1984-01-01

    Analyzes changing information values of journal article titles (measured by counting total number of words, number of keywords, and computing proportion of substantive words). Use of linear regression to determine change patterns for sample of titles from four selected journals, six library journals, and six miscellaneous journals (1951-1980) is…

  13. NSAID-exacerbated respiratory disease: a meta-analysis evaluating prevalence, mean provocative dose of aspirin and increased asthma morbidity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales, D R; Guthrie, B; Lipworth, B J; Jackson, C; Donnan, P T; Santiago, V H

    2015-07-01

    The prevalence and mean provocative dose of oral aspirin (MPDA) triggering respiratory reactions in people with asthma have been inconsistently reported, and the relationship between NSAID-exacerbated respiratory disease (NERD) and asthma morbidity was less well quantified. A systematic review was performed by identifying studies diagnosing NERD using blinded, placebo-controlled oral provocation challenge tests (OPCTs) or by self-reported history in people with asthma. Data were extracted, and effect estimates for changes in respiratory function, MPDA and asthma morbidity were pooled using random-effects meta-analysis. The prevalence of NERD in adults with asthma was 9.0% (95% CI 6-12%) using OPCTs and 9.9% (95% CI 9.4-10.5%) using self-reported history from questionnaires. The MPDA in adults with NERD was 85.8 mg (95% CI 73.9-97.6). In people with NERD, the risk of: uncontrolled asthma was increased twofold (RR 1.96 (95% CI 1.25-3.07)); severe asthma and asthma attacks was increased by 60% (RR 1.58 (95% CI 1.15-2.16) and RR 1.59 (95% CI 1.21-2.09), respectively); emergency room visits was increased by 80% (RR 1.79 (95% CI 1.29-2.49)); and asthma hospitalization was increased by 40% (RR 1.37 (95% CI 1.12-1.67)) compared to people with NSAID-tolerant asthma. Respiratory reactions triggered by oral aspirin in people with asthma are relatively common. At the population level, the prevalence of NERD was similar when measured using appropriately conducted OPCTs or by self-reported history. On average, respiratory reactions were triggered by clinically relevant doses of oral aspirin. Asthma morbidity was significantly increased in people with NERD who potentially require more intensive monitoring and follow-up. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Dumping symptoms and incidence of hypoglycaemia after provocation test at 6 and 12 months after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papamargaritis, Dimitris; Koukoulis, George; Sioka, Eleni; Zachari, Eleni; Bargiota, Alexandra; Zacharoulis, Dimitris; Tzovaras, George

    2012-10-01

    A previous study has demonstrated that symptoms suggestive of dumping syndrome appear after a provocation test early after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in 45 % of patients, and these are mainly related to early dumping. The aim of this study is to evaluate the evolution of dumping symptoms during the first postoperative year. Twenty-five non-diabetic morbidly obese patients (6 male, 19 female) were evaluated with an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) preoperatively, at 6 weeks and at 6 months postoperatively. In addition, 12 of them repeated the OGTT at 12 months after LSG. Sigstad score was used to separate dumpers from non-dumpers and Arts' questionnaire to differentiate between early and late dumping. Insulin and glucose levels were also measured. Sigstad score remained significantly elevated at 6 and 12 months postoperatively compared to preoperative values. Symptoms suggestive of dumping syndrome were recorded in 40 % of patients at 6 months and in 33 % at 12 months postoperatively. Arts' questionnaire demonstrated that early dumping score remained higher compared to baseline at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Late dumping scores increased gradually during the time and that difference was statistically significant at 12 months after LSG. Hypoglycaemia occurred at 33 % of patients both at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Symptoms suggestive of dumping syndrome after provocation still exist at 6 and 12 months in a significant proportion of patients after LSG and include both early and late dumping. These findings are consistent with the high incidence of hypoglycaemia after OGTT at 6 and 12 months after LSG.

  15. Avoidance of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs after negative provocation tests in urticaria/angioedema reactions: Real-world experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bommarito, Luisa; Zisa, Giuliana; Riccobono, Francesca; Villa, Elisa; D'Antonio, Cristian; Calamari, Ambra M; Poppa, Mariangela; Moschella, Adele; Di Pietrantonj, Carlo; Galimberti, Maurizio

    2014-01-01

    Drug provocation tests (DPTs) are the gold standard in diagnosing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) hypersensitivity; however, only few data about follow-up of patients with negative DPTs are actually available. The aim of this study was to assess patients' behavior in taking NSAIDs again and to evaluate NSAID tolerability after negative allergological workup. This is a follow-up study involving patients evaluated for history of cutaneous reactions (urticaria and or angioedema) after NSAID intake and with negative DPTs with the suspected NSAID. Patients were asked during a phone interview about the intake of NSAIDs, tolerance, or reasons of avoidance. The negative predictive value (NPV) of NSAIDs DPTs was calculated. One hundred eleven of 142 patients were successfully contacted; 46/111 (41.44%) took the same NSAID previously tested with two adverse reactions reported (4.34%). Fifty-three of 111 (47.74%) patients did not take the same NSAID, but 34 of them took at least another strong cyclooxygenase (COX) 1 inhibitor, with 1 adverse reaction (2.94%) and 19 of them took only weak COX-1 inhibitors. Twelve of 111 patients (10.8%) did not take any NSAID. Reasons for drug avoidance were mainly fear of reactions (70.8%) and no need (29.2%). NPV, overall, was 96.97% (95% confidence interval, 91-99%). Although NSAID hypersensitivity diagnosis was ruled out by oral provocation test, the majority of patients with a history of urticaria/angioedema avoided the intake of the tested NSAIDs for fear of new reactions, particularly when strong COX-1 inhibitor NSAIDs were involved. The high NPV value of DPT resulting from this study should reassure NSAID intake.

  16. Individual differences in cognitive reappraisal usage modulate the time course of brain activation during symptom provocation in specific phobia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Extinction learning is proposed to be one key mechanism of action underlying exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in specific phobia. Beyond that, cognitive reappraisal, one important strategy to regulate negative emotions, is a crucial component of CBT interventions, but has been disregarded in previous studies investigating neural change processes in specific phobia. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of individual differences in habitual/dispositional cognitive reappraisal usage and the time course of brain activation during phobic stimulation in specific phobia. Methods Dental phobic patients and healthy control subjects participated in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study whilst being confronted with phobic, disgust, fear and neutral pictures. Individual differences in cognitive reappraisal usage were assessed via a self-report questionnaire and correlated with activation decreases over the course of time. Results Phobic individuals with higher dispositional cognitive reappraisal scores showed a more pronounced activation decline in the right dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) which might be associated with a diminution of explicit cognitive emotion regulation over the course of time. Less decrease of activation in the right ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and the lateral orbitofrontal cortex (lOFC) over time in subjects with higher cognitive reappraisal scores might be related to a stronger automatic regulation of emotions or even emotional relearning. Additionally, phobic subjects compared with healthy controls showed a stronger habituation of the left dmPFC over the course of symptom provocation. Conclusions The results of this study show for the first time that individual differences in cognitive reappraisal usage are associated with the time course of brain activation during symptom provocation in specific phobia. Additionally, the present study gives first indications for the

  17. MAOA-uVNTR genotype predicts interindividual differences in experimental aggressiveness as a function of the degree of provocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuepper, Yvonne; Grant, Phillip; Wielpuetz, Catrin; Hennig, Juergen

    2013-06-15

    The MAOA-uVNTR has been suggested to play a role regarding aggression, however, results are inconsistent. We aimed at further elucidating potential effects of the MAOA-uVNTR on aggressiveness with respect to potential modulators: sex, experimental vs. trait aggressiveness and type of aggressiveness (proactive vs. reactive aggressiveness). We tested 239 healthy young adults (88 men/151 women). Participants were genotyped for the MAOA-uVNTR and performed a modified version of a competitive reaction time task - a commonly used and well established tool to elicit and measure aggressiveness. Furthermore, they completed a self-report scale measuring trait aggressiveness. We found a main effect of MAOA-uVNTR on a measure of reactive aggressiveness for both men and women, whereby the low-activity alleles of the MAOA-uVNTR were associated with substantially increased aggressive reactions (paggressiveness. Measures of proactive aggressiveness or self reports were not associated with the MAOA-uVNTR-genotype. Our data are in line with earlier studies and indicate the MAOA-uVNTR-genotype to be specifically associated with measures of reactive impulsive experimental aggressiveness in healthy men and women. Furthermore the association between the MAOA-uVNTR genotype and aggressive responses increases in a fashion linear to the degree of provocation. This indicates that the low-functional alleles of the MAOA-uVNTR are not associated with increased aggressive behavior per se, but rather with an increased aggressive reactivity to provocation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Hit or Run: Exploring Aggressive and Avoidant Reactions to Interpersonal Provocation Using a Novel Fight-or-Escape Paradigm (FOE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederike Beyer

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Interpersonal provocation presents an approach-avoidance conflict to the provoked person: responding aggressively might yield the joy of retribution, whereas withdrawal can provide safety. Experimental aggression studies typically measure only retaliation intensity, neglecting whether individuals want to confront the provocateur at all. To overcome this shortcoming of previous measures, we developed and validated the Fight-or-Escape paradigm (FOE. The FOE is a competitive reaction time (RT task in which the winner can choose the volume of a sound blast to be directed at his/her opponent. Participants face two ostensible opponents who consistently select either high or low punishments. At the beginning of each trial, subjects are given the chance to avoid the encounter for a limited number of times. In a first experiment (n = 27, all women, we found that fear potentiation (FP of the startle response was related to lower scores in a composite measure of aggression and avoidance against the provoking opponent. In a second experiment (n = 34, 13 men, we altered the paradigm such that participants faced the opponents in alternating rather than in random order. Participants completed the FOE as well as the Dot-Probe Task (DPT and the Approach-Avoidance Task (AAT. Subjects with higher approach bias scores in the AAT avoided the provoking opponent less frequently. Hence, individuals with high threat reactivity and low approach motivation displayed more avoidant responses to provocation, whereas participants high in approach motivation were more likely to engage in aggressive interactions when provoked. The FOE is thus a promising laboratory measure of avoidance and aggression.

  19. The Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Stimuli Set: validation of a standardized paradigm for symptom-specific provocation in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mataix-Cols, D.; Lawrence, N.S.; Wooderson, S.; Speckens, A.E.M.; Phillips, M.L.

    2009-01-01

    This article describes and further validates a standardized symptom-provocation procedure that combines symptom-specific audio instructions and pictures to reliably provoke different kinds of symptom-specific anxiety in obsessive-compulsive disorder, corresponding to its four major symptom

  20. Increase in IL-8, IL-10, IL-13, and RANTES mRNA levels (in situ hybridization) in the nasal mucosa after nasal allergen provocation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kleinjan, A.; Dijkstra, M. D.; Boks, S. S.; Severijnen, L. A.; Mulder, P. G.; Fokkens, W. J.

    1999-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Allergic inflammation is regulated by the local production and release of several cytokines. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the changes in mRNA cytokine-positive cells after allergen provocation and to compare these cytokines with tissue eosinophilia as a marker of

  1. Bringing Definitions into High Definition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, John

    2010-01-01

    Why do definitions play such a central role in mathematics? It may seem obvious that precision about the terms one uses is necessary in order to use those terms reasonably (while reasoning). Definitions are chosen so as to be definite about the terms one uses, but also to make both the statement of, and the reasoning to justify, theorems as…

  2. 2 CFR 1.100 - Content of this title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Content of this title. 1.100 Section 1.100 Grants and Agreements ABOUT TITLE 2 OF THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS AND SUBTITLE A Introduction to Title 2 of the CFR § 1.100 Content of this title. This title contains— (a) Office of Management and...

  3. Pain provocation following sagittal plane repeated movements in people with chronic low back pain: Associations with pain sensitivity and psychological profiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabey, Martin; Smith, Anne; Beales, Darren; Slater, Helen; O'Sullivan, Peter

    2017-07-01

    Provocative pain responses following standardised protocols of repeated sagittal plane spinal bending have not been reported in people with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Potential differing pain responses to movement likely reflect complex sensorimotor interactions influenced by physical, psychological and neurophysiological factors. To date, it is unknown whether provocative pain responses following repeated bending are associated with different pain sensitivity and psychological profiles. Therefore the first aim of this study was to determine whether data-driven subgroups with different, clinically-important pain responses following repeated movement exist in a large CLBP cohort, specifically using a standardised protocol of repeated sagittal plane spinal bending. The second aim was to determine if the resultant pain responses following repeated movement were associated with pain and disability, pain sensitivity and psychological factors. Clinically-important (≥2-points, 11-point numeric rating scale) changes in pain intensity following repeated forward/backward bending were examined. Participants with different provocative pain responses to forward and backward bending were profiled on age, sex, pain sensitivity, psychological variables, pain characteristics and disability. Three groups with differing provocative pain responses following repeated movements were derived: (i) no clinically-important increased pain in either direction (n=144, 49.0%), (ii) increased pain with repeated bending in one direction only (unidirectional, n=112, 38.1%), (iii) increased pain with repeated bending in both directions (bidirectional, n=38, 12.9%). After adjusting for psychological profile, age and sex, for the group with bidirectional pain provocation responses following repeated spinal bending, higher pressure and thermal pain sensitivity were demonstrated, while for the group with no increase in pain, better cognitive and affective psychological questionnaire scores were

  4. Service Locator - Family Planning Title X

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This locator tool will help you find Title X family planning centers that provide high quality and cost-effective family planning and related preventive health...

  5. Code of Federal Regulations Title 21

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This database contains the most recent revision from the Government Printing Office (GPO) of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 21 - Food and Drugs.

  6. How Rheumatoid Arthritis Can Result from Provocation of the Immune System by Microorganisms and Viruses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arleevskaya, Marina I.; Kravtsova, Olga A.; Lemerle, Julie; Renaudineau, Yves; Tsibulkin, Anatoly P.

    2016-01-01

    The pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), similar to development of a majority of inflammatory and autoimmune disorders, is largely due to an inappropriate or inadequate immune response to environmental challenges. Among these challenges, infectious agents are the undisputed leaders. Since the 1870s, an impressive list of microorganisms suspected of provoking RA has formed, and the list is still growing. Although a definite causative link between a specific infectious agent and the disease has not been established, several arguments support such a possibility. First, in the absence of a defined pathogen, the spectrum of triggering agents may include polymicrobial communities or the cumulative effect of several bacterial/viral factors. Second, the range of infectious episodes (i.e., clinical manifestations caused by pathogens) may vary in the process of RA development from preclinical to late-stage disease. Third, infectious agents might not trigger RA in all cases, but trigger it in a certain subset of the cases, or the disease onset may arise from an unfortunate combination of infections along with, for example, psychological stress and/or chronic joint tissue microtrauma. Fourth, genetic differences may have a role in the disease onset. In this review, two aspects of the problem of “microorganisms and RA” are debated. First, is there an acquired immune deficiency and, in turn, susceptibility to infections in RA patients due to the too frequent and too lengthy infections, which at last break the tolerance of self antigens? Or, second, is there a congenital deficiency in tolerance and inflammation control, which may occur even with ordinary infection frequency and duration? PMID:27582741

  7. Scope Definition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørn, Anders; Owsianiak, Mikołaj; Laurent, Alexis

    2017-01-01

    The scope definition is the second phase of an LCA. It determines what product systems are to be assessed and how this assessment should take place. This chapter teaches how to perform a scope definition. First, important terminology and key concepts of LCA are introduced. Then, the nine items ma...

  8. Goal Definition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørn, Anders; Laurent, Alexis; Owsianiak, Mikołaj

    2017-01-01

    The goal definition is the first phase of an LCA and determines the purpose of a study in detail. This chapter teaches how to perform the six aspects of a goal definition: (1) Intended applications of the results, (2) Limitations due to methodological choices, (3) Decision context and reasons for...

  9. Provocation gratuite ? Commodification des logiques d’opposition et de différenciation du cinéma indépendant américain contemporain

    OpenAIRE

    Sauvage, Célia

    2015-01-01

    Cet essai se propose d’analyser le concept de provocation, selon un cas d’étude précis, celui du cinéma indépendant américain, comme stratégie de différenciation et outil de positionnement compétitif face à une industrie dominante hollywoodienne. La provocation se formalise tour à tour sous une forme discursive, promotionnelle et esthétique. Les auteurs cultivent une idéologie rebelle et un discours de la contreculture. Le marketing, lui, met en avant le caractère provocant, dérangeant des fi...

  10. Native title: Its effects on petroleum exploration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vickery, E. [Minter Ellison Baker O`Loughlin, Adelaide, SA (Australia)

    1995-12-31

    The existence of native title in Australia was recognised by the High Court in its historic Mabo No.2 judgement on 3 June 1992. Native title is a shorthand expression used to describe those activities pursued by native peoples in connection with their traditional lands, in accordance with traditional law and custom. It could be extinguished in many ways, and once extinguished cannot be revived. Following an intense public debate, the Commonwealth enacted the Native Title Act (NTA) which, for most purposes, commenced on 1 January 1994. The NTA recognizes and protects native title, enabling its future extinguishment in only limited cases, principally by government acquisition for public purposes which are actually fulfilled. This paper discusses the meaning and application of the NTA and the Racial Discrimination Act, 1975 (RDA) together with their impact on onshore and offshore petroleum activities. It concludes that access to land and security of title are important to petroleum exploration and that exploration companies need to be aware of the conflicts between statutory exploration rights and the rights of native title holders as owners of the land. 1 photo.

  11. Transgression médiatique et provocations décadentes: La décadence comme comportement médiatique.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoan Vérilhac

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The decadent and symbolist movements are deeply connected to the creation of media: newspapers, small reviews which make the promotion of the young poets and their original works. In the 1880’s, the decadent reviews use in a provocative way the codes and the media potentialities. However this provocative press is based on a double language (especially about the relationship with the public, and this contradiction generates a negative image in the popular press: the new generation of poets and writers appears to be a noisy group of « hoaxers ». Therefore, around 1890, when the new reviews grouped around the « symbolist » label define themselves a media identity, it is important for them to distance from decadent behaviours. The decadent moment of the mediatization of literature is thus indispensable to understand the history of connections between press and poetic avant-gardes.

  12. Modulation of neurotrophin and neurotrophin receptor expression in nasal mucosa after nasal allergen provocation in allergic rhinitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raap, U; Fokkens, W; Bruder, M; Hoogsteden, H; Kapp, A; Braunstahl, G-J

    2008-04-01

    Patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) feature both allergic airway inflammation and a hyperresponsiveness to nonspecific stimuli which is partly neuronally controlled. Still, it is unclear whether or not neurotrophins are involved in airway pathophysiology of AR and in nasobronchial interaction. Nine AR patients with mono-allergy to grass pollen and nine healthy controls underwent nasal allergen provocation (NP). Serum samples, nasal and bronchial biopsies were taken before (T(0)) and 24 h after (T(24)) NP. Pan-neurotrophin receptor p75(NTR), tyrosine kinase A (trkA), trkB, nerve growth factor (NGF), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were assessed with immunohistochemistry, and NGF and BDNF levels with ELISA. At T(24), BDNF and NGF were upregulated in nasal mucosa (P neurotrophins and receptors in bronchial mucosa. This study shows that neurotrophins and their receptors are expressed in human airways. Allergic rhinitis was characterized by a modulation of BDNF, NGF, and trkB in nasal mucosa after NP and a correlation of nasal BDNF with the maximal increase of total nasal symptom score. Therefore, our data suggest that neurotrophins participate in upper-airway pathophysiology in AR, whereas their role in nasobronchial interaction remains unclear.

  13. A pilot study on the validity of using pictures and videos for individualized symptom provocation in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Daniela; Kischkel, Eva; Spielberg, Rüdiger; Kathmann, Norbert

    2012-06-30

    Distressing symptom-related anxiety is difficult to study in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) due to the disorder's heterogeneity. Our aim was to develop and validate a set of pictures and films comprising a variety of prominent OCD triggers that can be used for individually tailored symptom provocation in experimental studies. In a two-staged production procedure a large pool of OCD triggers and neutral contents was produced and preselected by three psychotherapists specialized in OCD. A sample of 13 OCD patients and 13 controls rated their anxiety, aversiveness and arousal during exposure to OCD-relevant, aversive and neutral control stimuli. Our findings demonstrate differences between the responses of patients and controls to OCD triggers only. Symptom-related anxiety was stronger in response to dynamic compared with static OCD-relevant stimuli. Due to the small number of 13 patients included in the study, only tentative conclusions can be drawn and this study merely provides a first step of validation. These standardized sets constitute valuable tools that can be used in experimental studies on the brain correlates of OCD symptoms and for the study of therapeutic interventions in order to contribute to future developments in the field. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Design and dosimetric analysis of a 385 MHz TETRA head exposure system for use in human provocation studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmid, Gernot; Bolz, Thomas; Uberbacher, Richard; Escorihuela-Navarro, Ana; Bahr, Achim; Dorn, Hans; Sauter, Cornelia; Eggert, Torsten; Danker-Hopfe, Heidi

    2012-10-01

    A new head exposure system for double-blind provocation studies investigating possible effects of terrestrial trunked radio (TETRA)-like exposure (385 MHz) on central nervous processes was developed and dosimetrically analyzed. The exposure system allows localized exposure in the temporal brain, similar to the case of operating a TETRA handset at the ear. The system and antenna concept enables exposure during wake and sleep states while an electroencephalogram (EEG) is recorded. The dosimetric assessment and uncertainty analysis yield high efficiency of 14 W/kg per Watt of accepted antenna input power due to an optimized antenna directly worn on the subject's head. Beside sham exposure, high and low exposure at 6 and 1.5 W/kg (in terms of maxSAR10g in the head) were implemented. Double-blind control and monitoring of exposure is enabled by easy-to-use control software. Exposure uncertainty was rigorously evaluated using finite-difference time-domain (FDTD)-based computations, taking into account anatomical differences of the head, the physiological range of the dielectric tissue properties including effects of sweating on the antenna, possible influences of the EEG electrodes and cables, variations in antenna input reflection coefficients, and effects on the specific absorption rate (SAR) distribution due to unavoidable small variations in the antenna position. This analysis yielded a reasonable uncertainty of analysis. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Comparison of levocabastine, a new selective H1-receptor antagonist, and disodium cromoglycate, in a nasal provocation test with allergen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolly, M; Pécoud, A

    1986-10-01

    The effect of intranasal administration of levocabastine, a new selective H1-receptor antagonist, was investigated in a nasal provocation test (NPT) performed with allergens. The NPT allowed a quantitative estimation of the nasal allergic threshold (concentration of allergen necessary to trigger the reaction). In addition, the intensity of the three major rhinitis symptoms (obstruction, rhinorrhea and sneezing) was determined. Twelve adult patients, allergic to grass pollen, underwent a first NPT without pretreatment ('initial NPT'); the NPT was then repeated after the single intranasal administration of either placebo, 8 mg disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) or 0.2 mg levocabastine in a double-blind random order. The NPTs gave reproducible results since both the threshold and symptom intensities were similar in the initial NPT and in the NPT performed after placebo. The reaction threshold increased in 8/12 patients after DSCG (0.05 less than P less than 0.1) and in 9/12 patients after levocabastine (P less than 0.05). Levocabastine clearly inhibited rhinorrhea (P less than 0.001) and sneezing (P less than 0.02) but did not influence the nasal obstruction. DSCG inhibited rhinorrhea only (P less than 0.01). The intranasal administration of levocabastine might be useful in the treatment of allergic rhinitis.

  16. 34 CFR 200.80 - Migrant Education Even Start Program definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TITLE I-IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED Even Start Family Literacy Program § 200.80 Migrant Education Even Start Program definition...

  17. [The provocation test in children with cow-milk protein and gluten intolerance: evaluation of the clinical response and lesions in the mucous membrane of the small intestine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaczmarski, M

    Provocation test (re-introduction of the noxious protein) was carried out in two groups of patients: (a) with intolerance to the cow-milk proteins (41 children) treated with milk-free diet for 6-24 months, and (b) with gluten intolerance (26 children) treated with gluten-free diet for 6-36 months. The following parameters were compared: type and frequency of the clinical symptoms seen in these patients prior to the introduction of allergen-free diet. Moreover, the type of observed morphological changes in the small intestine mucosa following provocation test were analysed in the groups of 7 patients. A two-year elimination of milk from the diet produces milk tolerance in about 61% patients; clinical symptoms in the remaining children are diversified. Re-introduction of gluten with the diet (provocation test) produces recurrence of gluten intolerance in 96% of children treated with gluten-free diet for 2-3 years. Recurrence of the disease was accompanied by the atrophy of the intestinal villi.

  18. Pressure and tendon strain in the sixth extensor compartment of the wrist during simulated provocative maneuvers for diagnosing extensor carpi ulnaris tendinitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kataoka, Toshiyuki; Moritomo, Hisao; Omori, Shinsuke; Iida, Akio; Omokawa, Shohei; Suzuki, Daisuke; Fujimiya, Mineko; Wada, Takuro; Aoki, Mitsuhiro; Yoshikawa, Hideki

    2015-11-01

    Various provocative maneuvers for diagnosing extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) tendinitis have been reported; however, it remains unclear which maneuver is the most sensitive to detect ECU tendinitis. To clarify this, we investigated and compared the extratendinous pressure and ECU tendon strain in the sixth extensor compartment of the wrist during various provocative maneuvers for diagnosing ECU tendinitis. Nine upper extremities from nine fresh-frozen cadavers were examined. We investigated extratendinous pressure in the ECU fibro-osseous tunnel of the distal ulna and ECU tendon strain during eight forearm positions-neutral rotation, pronation, supination, pronation with wrist flexion, supination with wrist flexion, supination with wrist extension, both hand and forearm supination, and supination with ECU full loading-to simulate provocative maneuvers reported to detect ECU tendinitis. Pressure was significantly higher during both hand and forearm supination (carpal supination test) and during supination with wrist extension (prayer's hand supination test) than during neutral rotation. The pressure during the carpal supination test was 3 times higher than that during the prayer's hand supination test and 27 times higher than that during the neutral position. Strain was significantly higher during the carpal supination test and during supination with ECU full loading (the ECU synergy test) than during other maneuvers. Both pressure and tendon strain increased most notably during the carpal supination test compared to the other maneuvers, which suggests that the carpal supination test is the most sensitive for the detection of ECU tendinitis.

  19. Neuroretinitis -- definition

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007624.htm Neuroretinitis - definition To use the sharing features on this page, ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Retinal Disorders Read more NIH MedlinePlus Magazine Read ...

  20. Goal Definition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørn, Anders; Laurent, Alexis; Owsianiak, Mikołaj

    2017-01-01

    The goal definition is the first phase of an LCA and determines the purpose of a study in detail. This chapter teaches how to perform the six aspects of a goal definition: (1) Intended applications of the results, (2) Limitations due to methodological choices, (3) Decision context and reasons for......-JRC in European Commission—Joint Research Centre—Institute for Environment and Sustainability: International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Handbook—General Guide for Life Cycle Assessment—Detailed Guidance. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg 2010).......The goal definition is the first phase of an LCA and determines the purpose of a study in detail. This chapter teaches how to perform the six aspects of a goal definition: (1) Intended applications of the results, (2) Limitations due to methodological choices, (3) Decision context and reasons...

  1. Scope Definition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørn, Anders; Owsianiak, Mikołaj; Laurent, Alexis

    2017-01-01

    making up a scope definition are elaborately explained: (1) Deliverables. (2) Object of assessment, (3) LCI modelling framework and handling of multifunctional processes, (4) System boundaries and completeness requirements, (5) Representativeness of LCI data, (6) Preparing the basis for the impact...... assessment, (7) Special requirements for system comparisons, (8) Critical review needs and (9) Planning reporting of results. The instructions relate both to the performance and reporting of a scope definition and are largely based on ILCD.......The scope definition is the second phase of an LCA. It determines what product systems are to be assessed and how this assessment should take place. This chapter teaches how to perform a scope definition. First, important terminology and key concepts of LCA are introduced. Then, the nine items...

  2. 46 CFR 67.53 - Methods of establishing title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Methods of establishing title. 67.53 Section 67.53... DOCUMENTATION OF VESSELS Title Requirements for Vessel Documentation § 67.53 Methods of establishing title. Title to a vessel may be established through one of the following methods: (a) Simplified method without...

  3. 29 CFR 452.8 - Trusteeship provisions, title III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Trusteeship provisions, title III. 452.8 Section 452.8... AND DISCLOSURE ACT OF 1959 Other Provisions of the Act Affecting Title IV § 452.8 Trusteeship provisions, title III. Placing a labor organization under trusteeship consistent with title III, may have the...

  4. 48 CFR 32.503-14 - Protection of Government title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... title. 32.503-14 Section 32.503-14 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION... of Government title. (a) Since the Progress Payments clause gives the Government title to all of the... ensure that the Government title to these inventories is not compromised by other encumbrances...

  5. 24 CFR 203.366 - Conveyance of marketable title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Conveyance of marketable title. 203... Conveyance of marketable title. (a) Satisfactory conveyance of title and transfer of possession. The mortgagee shall tender to the Commissioner a satisfactory conveyance of title and transfer of possession of...

  6. 24 CFR 232.595 - Eligibility of title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Eligibility of title. 232.595... Fire Safety Equipment Title § 232.595 Eligibility of title. In order for the property which is to be... Commissioner shall determine that the title to the property is vested in the borrower as of the date the...

  7. Titles of LIS textbooks and research articles : a bibliometric study

    OpenAIRE

    Tiew, Wai Sin; Sen, B. K.; Kaur, Kiran; Lee, Lily

    1997-01-01

    Studies the number of keywords in the titles of library and information science textbooks and research articles. Results indicate that on an average the number of keywords in the titles of research articles and textbooks are 7.7 and 5 respectively and prove the hypothesis that the number of keywords in textbook titles is less than that of the research article titles

  8. 32 CFR 644.71 - Final Title Assembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Final Title Assembly. 644.71 Section 644.71 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL... Title Assembly. (a) Disposition of final title assemblies. The final title opinion and related papers...

  9. Pharmaceutical care: the PCNE definition 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allemann, Samuel S; van Mil, J W Foppe; Botermann, Lea; Berger, Karin; Griese, Nina; Hersberger, Kurt E

    2014-06-01

    Twenty-three years after Hepler and Strand published their well-known definition of Pharmaceutical Care (PhC), confusion remains about what the term includes and how to differentiate it from other terms. The board of the Pharmaceutical Care Network Europe (PCNE) felt the need to redefine PhC and to answer the question: "What is Pharmaceutical Care in 2013". The aims of this paper were to review existing definitions of PhC and to describe the process of developing a redefined definition. A literature search was conducted in the MEDLINE database (1964-January 2013). Keywords included "Pharmaceutical Care", "Medication (Therapy) Management", "Medicine Management", and "Pharmacist Care" in the title or abstract together with the term "defin*". To ease comparison between definitions, we developed a standardised syntax to paraphrase the definitions. During a dedicated meeting, a moderated discussion about the definition of PhC was organised. The initial literature search produced 186 hits, with eight unique PhC definitions. Hand searching identified a further 11 unique definitions. These 19 definitions were paraphrased using the standardised syntax (provider, recipient, subject, outcome, activities). Fourteen members of PCNE and 10 additional experts attended the moderated discussion. Working groups of increasing size developed intermediate definitions, which had similarities and differences to those retrieved in the literature search. At the end of the session, participants reached a consensus on a "PCNE definition of Pharmaceutical Care" reading: "Pharmaceutical Care is the pharmacist's contribution to the care of individuals in order to optimize medicines use and improve health outcomes". It was possible to paraphrase definitions of PhC using a standardised syntax focusing on the provider, recipient, subject, outcomes, and activities included in PhC practice. During a one-day workshop, experts in PhC research agreed on a definition, intended to be applicable for the

  10. Job title of recent bachelor's degree recipients

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Susan C.

    2015-05-01

    Physics bachelor's degree recipients work in all kinds of professions—science writing, medicine, law, history of science, acting, music, healthcare and more. Since very few of these employees have the word "physics" in their job titles, it can be hard for new graduates to know where to look for jobs and how to find other recent physics graduates in the workforce. The American Institute of Physics and the Society of Physics Students joined forces on an NSF-funded grant to create career tools for undergraduate physics students.1 One of the tools available to students in the Careers Toolbox is a listing of common job titles of physics bachelors degree recipients working in various fields; some of the job titles are listed below.

  11. Neurohemodynamic Correlates of Washing Symptoms in Obsessive-compulsive Disorder: A Pilot fMRI Study Using Symptom Provocation Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Sri Mahavir; Jose, Dania; Baruah, Upasana; Shivakumar, Venkataram; Kalmady, Sunil Vasu; Venkatasubramanian, Ganesan; Mataix-Cols, David; Reddy, Yemmigannur Chandrashekhar Janardhan

    2013-01-01

    Background: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is increasingly being viewed as a multidimensional heterogeneous disorder caused due to the dysfunction of several closely related, overlapping frontostriatal circuits. A study investigating the dimensional construct in treatment naïve, co-morbidity free patients with identical handedness is likely to provide the necessary homogeneity and power to elicit neural correlates of the various symptom dimensions, and overcome the limitations of previous studies. Materials and Methods: Nine DSM-IV OCD patients with predominant contamination-related obsessive-compulsive symptoms (age=29.8±7.1 years; five males: four females; years-of-education=13.9±1.6, YBOCS total score=28.8±4.7, DYBOCS Contamination dimension score=10.7±1.8) and nine healthy controls matched one to one with the patients for age, sex, and years of education (age=27.8±5.4, five males: four females; years-of-education=14.9±3.0), were examined during symptom provocation task performance in 3TMRI. Paired samples t test of brain activation differences (contamination relevant pictures – neutral pictures), limited to apriori regions of interest was done using SPM8 (uncorrected P<0.005). Results: Patients found significantly more pictures to be anxiety provoking in comparison to healthy controls. Patients were found to have deficient activation in the following areas in comparison with healthy controls: bilateral anterior prefrontal, dorsolateral prefrontal, orbitofrontal, anterior cingulate, insular and parietal cortices, precuneus, and caudate. Conclusions: Results underscore the importance of frontal, striatal, parietal, and occipital areas in the pathophysiology of OCD. Divergence of findings from previous studies might be attributed to the absence of confounding factors in the current study and may be due to production of intense anxiety in patients. PMID:23833345

  12. Neurohemodynamic Correlates of Washing Symptoms in Obsessive-compulsive Disorder: A Pilot fMRI Study Using Symptom Provocation Paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Sri Mahavir; Jose, Dania; Baruah, Upasana; Shivakumar, Venkataram; Kalmady, Sunil Vasu; Venkatasubramanian, Ganesan; Mataix-Cols, David; Reddy, Yemmigannur Chandrashekhar Janardhan

    2013-01-01

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is increasingly being viewed as a multidimensional heterogeneous disorder caused due to the dysfunction of several closely related, overlapping frontostriatal circuits. A study investigating the dimensional construct in treatment naïve, co-morbidity free patients with identical handedness is likely to provide the necessary homogeneity and power to elicit neural correlates of the various symptom dimensions, and overcome the limitations of previous studies. Nine DSM-IV OCD patients with predominant contamination-related obsessive-compulsive symptoms (age=29.8±7.1 years; five males: four females; years-of-education=13.9±1.6, YBOCS total score=28.8±4.7, DYBOCS Contamination dimension score=10.7±1.8) and nine healthy controls matched one to one with the patients for age, sex, and years of education (age=27.8±5.4, five males: four females; years-of-education=14.9±3.0), were examined during symptom provocation task performance in 3TMRI. Paired samples t test of brain activation differences (contamination relevant pictures - neutral pictures), limited to apriori regions of interest was done using SPM8 (uncorrected P<0.005). Patients found significantly more pictures to be anxiety provoking in comparison to healthy controls. Patients were found to have deficient activation in the following areas in comparison with healthy controls: bilateral anterior prefrontal, dorsolateral prefrontal, orbitofrontal, anterior cingulate, insular and parietal cortices, precuneus, and caudate. Results underscore the importance of frontal, striatal, parietal, and occipital areas in the pathophysiology of OCD. Divergence of findings from previous studies might be attributed to the absence of confounding factors in the current study and may be due to production of intense anxiety in patients.

  13. Aspirin provocation increases 8-iso-PGE2 in exhaled breath condensate of aspirin-hypersensitive asthmatics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mastalerz, Lucyna; Januszek, Rafał; Kaszuba, Marek; Wójcik, Krzysztof; Celejewska-Wójcik, Natalia; Gielicz, Anna; Plutecka, Hanna; Oleś, Krzysztof; Stręk, Paweł; Sanak, Marek

    2015-09-01

    Isoprostanes are bioactive compounds formed by non-enzymatic oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, mostly arachidonic, and markers of free radical generation during inflammation. In aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), asthmatic symptoms are precipitated by ingestion of non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs capable for pharmacologic inhibition of cyclooxygenase-1 isoenzyme. We investigated whether aspirin-provoked bronchoconstriction is accompanied by changes of isoprostanes in exhaled breath condensate (EBC). EBC was collected from 28 AERD subjects and 25 aspirin-tolerant asthmatics before and after inhalatory aspirin challenge. Concentrations of 8-iso-PGF2α, 8-iso-PGE2, and prostaglandin E2 were measured using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Leukotriene E4 was measured by immunoassay in urine samples collected before and after the challenge. Before the challenge, exhaled 8-iso-PGF2α, 8-iso-PGE2, and PGE2 levels did not differ between the study groups. 8-iso-PGE2 level increased in AERD group only (p=0.014) as a result of the aspirin challenge. Urinary LTE4 was elevated in AERD, both in baseline and post-challenge samples. Post-challenge airways 8-iso-PGE2 correlated positively with urinary LTE4 level (p=0.046), whereas it correlated negatively with the provocative dose of aspirin (p=0.027). A significant increase of exhaled 8-iso-PGE2 after inhalatory challenge with aspirin was selective and not present for the other isoprostane measured. This is a novel finding in AERD, suggesting that inhibition of cyclooxygenase may elicit 8-iso-PGE2 production in a specific mechanism, contributing to bronchoconstriction and systemic overproduction of cysteinyl leukotrienes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 613 ... Issue, Title. Vol 16, No 3 (2013), Chaos in Family Law: A Model for the Recognition of Intimate Relationships in South Africa, Abstract PDF. P Bakker. Vol 8, No 1 (2005), "Checks and balances reflections on the development of the doctrine of separation of powers under the South African constitution" ...

  15. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Issue, Title. Vol 13, No 2 (1957), Dr. C. van Gelderen , De boeken der Koningen, opnieuw uit de grondtekst vertaald en verklaard, III, 2 Kon. 5-17, tweede druk, J. H. Kok N.V., Kampen, 1956, Abstract PDF. A. van Selms. Vol 13, No 2 (1957), Dr. C.J. Goslinga , De boeken Samuel opnieuw uit die grondtekst vertaalden ...

  16. 76 FR 60593 - Title VI; Proposed Circular

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... for FTA staff to make oral presentations about the two proposed Circulars and allow attendees an... proposed Circular would incorporate lessons learned from triennial reviews, discretionary Title VI... Implementation Plan for Limited English Proficient (LEP) persons now contains a summary of the DOT LEP guidance...

  17. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 151 ... Issue, Title. Vol 6, No 1 (2013), Promoting responsible research conduct in a developing world academic context, Abstract PDF. L Horn. Vol 4, No 2 (2011), Psychometrics of the student version of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE-S) in final-year medical students in Johannesburg in ...

  18. Title IX--A Modest Success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrams, Mary

    1982-01-01

    Title IX has helped bring change to discriminatory policies and practices including curriculum options, activities, sports, and changes in vocational education. It is argued that students need to see women and men in a broad range of positions in order to broaden their concept of potential careers for themselves. (MLW)

  19. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 501 - 550 of 1238 ... Issue, Title. Vol 27, No 3 (2001), Flood frequency analysis at ungauged sites in the KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa, Abstract PDF. TR Kjeldsen, JC Smithers, RE Schulze. Vol 32, No 3 (2006):, Flood routing in ungauged catchments using Muskingum methods, Abstract PDF. MH Tewolde, JC ...

  20. Software Development Framework For Electronic Land Titles ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We hereby introduce a software development framework for electronically administering the records of Land Titles. The model is computer dependent, and the graphical presentations in the designs will simplify the job of software developers in the process of systems conversion from the existing cumbersome, disorganized ...

  1. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 9351 - 9400 of 11090 ... Issue, Title. Vol 3, No 8 (2004), Role of sialic acids in the midguts of Trypanosoma congolense infected Culex pipense pipiense mosquitoes, Abstract PDF. AB Sallau, AJ Nok, IS Ndams, EO Balogun. Vol 6, No 14 (2007), Roles of agricultural biotechnology in ensuring adequate food security in ...

  2. Title I: Time to Get It Right

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roza, Marguerite; Lake, Robin

    2015-01-01

    Congress enacted the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) 50 years ago as part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's "War on Poverty." The most expansive federal education bill ever passed, it was developed as redress, establishing that poor children needed more educational services than wealthier children. Title I of the ESEA…

  3. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Issue, Title. Vol 15, No 2 (2016), Fetal Toxicity and Cytotoxicity of Lannea kerstingii Engl and Krause Stem Bark (Anacardiaceae), Abstract PDF. Aboudoulatif Diallo, Paolo Darre, Kossi Metowogo, Povi Lawson-evi, Divakar Selva, Yao Potchoo, Edmond Creppy, Muthiah Ramanathan. Vol 7, No 3 (2008), Flavonoids as ...

  4. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 120 ... Issue, Title. Vol 33, No 1 (2017), 2014 Election forecast - a post-election analysis, Abstract. H.W. Ittmann, J.P. Holloway, N Dudeni-Tlhone. Vol 20, No 1 (2004), A bio-economic application to the Cape Rock Lobster resource using a delay difference modelling approach, Abstract PDF. E Roos. Vol 22, No 1 ...

  5. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 8201 - 8250 of 11090 ... Issue, Title. Vol 6, No 7 (2007), Physico-chemical and microbiological characteristics of honey from the sudano-guinean zone of West Cameroon, Abstract PDF. J Tchoumboue, J Awah-Ndukum, FA Fonteh, ND Dongock, J Pinta, ZA Mvondo. Vol 14, No 26 (2015), Physicochemical and ...

  6. Cleveland Bilingual Education Program: Title VII ESEA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halasa, Ofelia

    This 1974-75 evaluation report of the Title VII Cleveland Bilingual Education Program discusses the degree to which process objectives were implemented and product objectives attained, and the impressions of project and school staff and parents. The goals of the bilingual program were to develop the ability to communicate and function in Spanish…

  7. Title IX and Intercollegiate Sports: Equal Opportunity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weistart, John

    1998-01-01

    After 25 years of federal Title IX regulation, only three dozen of the top 300 college athletics programs are in compliance. Women receive less than 40% of athletic scholarships. College sports are locked into a budgetary structure that favors two dominant men's sports, football and basketball. Divisive rhetoric and resistance delay balanced…

  8. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 151 - 200 of 338 ... Issue, Title. Vol 19, No 2 (2015), Imaging in anorectal malformations: What does the surgeon need to know? Abstract PDF. Christopher Westgarth-Taylor, Tracy Westgarth-Taylor, Richard Wood, Marc Levitt. Vol 14, No 2 (2010), Imaging of a rare disorder: macrodystrophia lipomatosa, Abstract PDF.

  9. 32 CFR 65.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions. 65.3 Section 65.3 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND CIVILIAN POST-9/11 GI BILL... of title 10, U.S.C. Post-9/11 GI Bill. The Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program, Chapter 33 of...

  10. Using Provocative Discography and Computed Tomography to Select Patients with Refractory Discogenic Low Back Pain for Lumbar Fusion Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Mengqiao Alan; Tong, Henry C; Fahim, Daniel K; Perez-Cruet, Mick

    2016-02-27

    Background Context Controversy remains over the use of provocative discography in conjunction with computed tomography (CT) to locate symptomatic intervertebral discs in patients with chronic, low back pain (LBP). The current study explores the relationship between discogenic pain and disc morphology using discography and CT, respectively, and investigates the efficacy of this combined method in identifying surgical candidates for lumbar fusion by evaluating outcomes. Methods 43 consecutive patients between 2006 and 2013 who presented with refractory low back pain and underwent discography and CT were enrolled in the study. For this study, "refractory LBP" was defined as pain symptoms that persisted or worsened after 6 months of non-operative treatments. Concordant pain was defined as discography-provoked LBP of similar character and location with an intensity of ≥ 8/10. Fusion candidates demonstrated positive-level discography and concordant annular tears on CT at no more than two contiguous levels, and at least one negative control disc with intact annulus. Surgical outcomes were statistically analyzed using Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and Short Form-36 (SF-36) for back-related pain and disability preoperatively, and 2 weeks, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Results Annular tears were found in 87 discs. Concordant pain was reported by 9 (20.9%) patients at L3-L4, 21 (50.0%) at L4-L5, and 34 (82.9%) at L5-S1; pain occurred significantly more often in discs with annular tears than those without (plumbar fusion at L3-L4 (n=1(6%)), L4-L5 (n=6 (33%)), L5-S1 (n=5 (28%)), and two-level L4-S1 (n=6 (33%)) via a minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MITLIF) approach with the aim to replace the nucleus pulposus with bone graft material. Median follow-up time was 18 months (range: 12-78 months). VAS, ODI, and SF-36 scores demonstrated significant improvements at 10 out of 12 postoperative time points compared

  11. The effects of morphine-neostigmine and secretin provocation on pancreaticobiliary morphology in healthy subjects: a randomized, double-blind crossover study using serial MRCP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chowdhury, Abeed H; Humes, David J; Pritchard, Susan E; Marciani, Luca; Gowland, Penny A; Simpson, John; Lobo, Dileep N

    2011-09-01

    Secretin-stimulated magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is used for the diagnosis of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD), but it does not correlate well with sphincter of Oddi manometry. Serial MRCP following morphine-neostigmine provocation may be of value in the assessment of SOD, but the effects of these pharmacological agents on pancreaticobiliary morphology in healthy subjects have not been studied. The aim of the present study was to use serial MRCP to characterize the effects of morphine-neostigmine and secretin provocation on serum pancreatic enzyme responses and pancreaticobiliary ductal morphology in healthy subjects. Following a baseline scan and serum lipase and amylase assays, 10 healthy subjects were randomized in a double-blind manner to receive morphine (10 mg intramuscularly [IM]), neostigmine (1 mg IM) and saline (intravenously [IV]); OR saline (IM), saline (IM) and secretin (1 U/kg IV). A MRCP study was performed at 5, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 min thereafter, with blood samples taken every 60 min for 4 h. Pancreatic duct (PD) diameter, visible PD length, common bile duct (CBD) diameter, and gallbladder volume were recorded. Crossover studies were performed 10 days later. Serum pancreatic enzyme concentrations were significantly greater (amylase, P = 0.003; lipase, P = 0.04) after morphine-neostigmine than after secretin. Following morphine-neostigmine and secretin provocation, the mean (SEM) percentage increase in PD diameter was 28.7 (7.2) versus 12.9 (3.3); P < 0.0001, and visible PD length was 49.4 (11.5) versus 28.1 (8.2); P < 0.0001, respectively. The effects of morphine-neostigmine were more pronounced than those of secretin in healthy subjects. The diagnostic utility of morphine-neostigmine stimulated serial MRCP for SOD merits further evaluation.

  12. Test-retest Reliability in Reporting the Pain Induced by a Pain Provocation Test: Further Validation of a Novel Approach for Pain Drawing Acquisition and Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leoni, Diego; Falla, Deborah; Heitz, Carolin; Capra, Gianpiero; Clijsen, Ron; Egloff, Michele; Cescon, Corrado; Baeyens, Jean-Pierre; Barbero, Marco

    2017-02-01

    Pain drawings (PD) are frequently used in research to illustrate the pain response to pain provocation tests. However, there is a lack of data on the reliability in defining the extent and location of pain. We investigated the test-retest reliability in reporting an acute painful sensation induced by a pain provocation test using a novel approach for PD acquisition and analysis in healthy volunteers. Forty healthy volunteers participated. Each participant underwent 2 upper limb neurodynamic tests 1 (ULNT1), once to the point of pain onset (PO) and once until the point of submaximal pain (SP). After each ULNT1, participants completed 2 consecutive PD with an interval of 1 minute. Custom software was used to quantify the pain extent and analyze the pain overlap. The test-retest reliability of pain extent was examined using Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC 2,1 ) and Bland-Altman plots. Pain location reliability was examined using the Jaccard similarity coefficient (JSC). The ICC values for PO and SP were 0.98 (95% CI: 0.96-0.99) and 0.97 (95% CI: 0.95-0.98), respectively. The mean difference and 95% limits of agreement (± 1.96 SD) in the Bland-Altman plots were 14 pixels (-1080;1110) for PO, and 145 (-1610;1900) for SP. The median JSCs (Q1;Q3) were 0.73 (0.64;0.80) for PO and 0.76 (0.65;0.79) for SP. Pain drawings is a reliable instrument to investigate pain extent and pain location in healthy individuals experiencing an acute painful sensation induced by a pain provocation test. © 2016 World Institute of Pain.

  13. 77 FR 44288 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: Definition...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-27

    ...: Definition of Plan Assets--Participant Contributions ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Labor (DOL... request (ICR) titled, ``Definition of Plan Assets-- Participant Contributions,'' to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval for continued use in accordance with the Paperwork...

  14. Title IX: With New Opportunities, Girls' Interest Rises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toporek, Bryan

    2012-01-01

    On June 23, 1972, President Richard M. Nixon signed into law Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which prohibits gender discrimination in any federally financed education program or activity. Title IX is far-reaching, but the law is most often associated with school and college athletics. Title IX allows schools to prove their athletic…

  15. 27 CFR 70.102 - Coordination with title 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Coordination with title 11... § 70.102 Coordination with title 11. (a) Certain failures to pay tax. No addition to the tax shall be... respect to a period during which a case is pending under Title 11 of the United States Code— (1) If such...

  16. 24 CFR 241.1080 - Eligibility of title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Eligibility of title. 241.1080...-Eligibility Requirements § 241.1080 Eligibility of title. In order for the project to be eligible for insurance, the Commissioner shall determine that the title to the property is vested in the borrower as of...

  17. 13 CFR 314.9 - Recorded statement-title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Recorded statement-title. 314.9... PROPERTY Personal Property § 314.9 Recorded statement—title. For all Projects which EDA determines involve... by EDA to be recorded, the Recipient must hold title to the Personal Property acquired or improved as...

  18. 29 CFR 1601.93 - Opinions-title VII.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Opinions-title VII. 1601.93 Section 1601.93 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS Title VII Interpretations and Opinions by the Commission § 1601.93 Opinions—title VII. Only the following...

  19. 48 CFR 35.014 - Government property and title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... title. 35.014 Section 35.014 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION... title. (a) The requirements in part 45 for establishing and maintaining control over Government property... otherwise, the policies in subparagraphs (1) through (4) following, regarding title to equipment (and other...

  20. 48 CFR 1335.014 - Government property and title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... title. 1335.014 Section 1335.014 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING 1335.014 Government property and title. The designee authorized to determine that the policies in FAR 35.014(b)(1)-(4) will not apply regarding title...

  1. Futurist Art: Motion and Aesthetics As a Function of Title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mastandrea, Stefano; Umiltà, Maria A

    2016-01-01

    Very often the titles of Futurist paintings contain words denoting movement in order to satisfy their artistic poetic focused on motion and velocity. The aim of the present study is to investigate the reported dynamism and aesthetic quality of several Futurist artworks as a function of their title. Ten Futurist artworks with a movement-related word in the title were selected for this study. The titles were manipulated, resulting in four conditions for each painting: the "original title" with the movement word; an "increased" title in which an adjective was added in order to intensify the sense of dynamism; a "decreased" title, in which the movement word was eliminated; no title. Participants evaluated the movement suggested by each painting in the four different title conditions, rated their beauty and reported how much they liked the work. Results showed that the manipulation of the title had an effect on the reported movement: compared to the others, paintings presented with the "original" and with the "increased" title received significant higher movement scores. Of interest, beauty did not differ across conditions, but liking was higher for the conditions with more movement. Lastly, positive correlations between the quantity of perceived movement and aesthetic evaluation were found. From the present results it can be concluded that Futurists attributed much relevance to the titles of their artworks in order to effectively increase the expression of the movement represented.

  2. 32 CFR 644.356 - Report on Government title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Report on Government title. 644.356 Section 644... General Services Administration (gsa) § 644.356 Report on Government title. In all cases where Government... thereof), a report prepared by a qualified employee of the holding agency on the Government's title to the...

  3. 48 CFR 3052.217-96 - Title (USCG).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Title (USCG). 3052.217-96... of Provisions and Clauses 3052.217-96 Title (USCG). As prescribed in USCG guidance at (HSAR) 48 CFR 3017.9000(a) and (b), insert the following clause: Title (DEC 2003) (a) Unless otherwise provided...

  4. 24 CFR 241.595 - Eligibility of title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Eligibility of title. 241.595... Meters in Multifamily Projects Without a HUD-Insured or HUD-Held Mortgage Title § 241.595 Eligibility of title. In order for the property which is to be the security for a loan to be insured under this subpart...

  5. 29 CFR 2200.31 - Caption; titles of cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the upper right of the page, opposite the title, the docket number, if known, assigned by the... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Caption; titles of cases. 2200.31 Section 2200.31 Labor... Pleadings and Motions § 2200.31 Caption; titles of cases. (a) Notice of contest cases. Cases initiated by a...

  6. 14 CFR 1245.109 - Assignment of title to NASA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Assignment of title to NASA. 1245.109... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Patent Waiver Regulations § 1245.109 Assignment of title to NASA. (a) The instrument of waiver set forth in § 1245.115(c) shall be voided by NASA with respect to the domestic title to...

  7. The title of Philostratus' Life of Apollonius of Tyana

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boter, G.J.

    2015-01-01

    The title of Philostratus' Life of Apollonius of Tyana as it stands in all editions since Kayser's 1844 edition, is not correct. The genuine title of the work is. The suggestion by Ewen Bowie, that the title of the work characterizes it as a novel, must therefore be dismissed. The meaning of the

  8. INTERRELATIONS OF JUSTICE, REJECTION, PROVOCATION, AND MORAL DISGUST SENSITIVITY AND THEIR LINKS WITH THE HOSTILE ATTRIBUTION BIAS, TRAIT ANGER AND AGGRESSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca eBondü

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Several personality dispositions with common features capturing sensitivities to negative social cues have recently been introduced into psychological research. To date, however, little is known about their interrelations, their conjoint effects on behavior, or their interplay with other risk factors. We asked N=349 adults from Germany to rate their justice, rejection, moral disgust, and provocation sensitivity, hostile attribution bias, trait anger, and forms and functions of aggression. The sensitivity measures were mostly positively correlated; particularly those with an egoistic focus, such as victim justice, rejection, and provocation sensitivity, hostile attributions and trait anger as well as those with an altruistic focus, such as observer justice, perpetrator justice, and moral disgust sensitivity. The sensitivity measures had independent and differential effects on forms and functions of aggression when considered simultaneously and when controlling for hostile attributions and anger. They could not be integrated into a single factor of interpersonal sensitivity or reduced to other well-known risk factors for aggression. The sensitivity measures, therefore, require consideration in predicting and preventing aggression.

  9. Title I versus Non-Title I Students and Standardized Test Scores in a School District in Georgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Charles

    2016-01-01

    The Title I program was established to support students who were enrolled in schools that had high rates of children from low-income households. The program's goal was to provide supplemental services that would assist in raising the academic success of students in Title I schools so that they achieve comparable outcomes to children in Non-Title I…

  10. Academic Achievement Differences between Title I Students Enrolled in Music Classes and Title I Students Who Are Not

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDaniel, Brian

    2011-01-01

    Purpose. The purpose of the study was to determine academic achievement differences between those Title I students enrolled in music classes and Title I students who are not enrolled in music classes. A second purpose was to determine educators' perceptions regarding the educational justice implications of excluding nonproficient Title I students…

  11. Titles as Discourse: Naming and Framing Research Agendas as Evident in Theses Titles in 1995-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bengesai, A. V.; Goba, B. B.; Karlsson, J.

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the discourses of theses titles as postgraduate students name and frame their research. It does this by analysing the discourse, nature and trends of title construction in Master's and Ph.D. research titles 1995-2004 in all universities in South Africa. The dominant discourses are analysed using Foucault's approach to…

  12. Formulating the Right Title for a Research Article.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bavdekar, Sandeep B

    2016-02-01

    Title is an important part of the article. It condenses article content in a few words and captures readers' attention. A good title for a research article is the one which, on its own, is able to introduce the research work to the fullest extent, but in a concise manner. Writing scientific titles that are informative and attractive is a challenging task. This communication describes the importance of titles and the methods of creating appropriate titles for research papers. © Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 2011.

  13. Biomedical journal title changes: reasons, trends, and impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afes, V B; Wrynn, P E

    1993-01-01

    A study was conducted to document the impact of biomedical journal title changes on medical libraries and to increase awareness of the reasons titles are changed. The study consisted of two parts: a survey of academic health sciences libraries in the United States and Canada and an analysis of title changes from two different years. The survey response rate was 83%. The majority of respondents commented on difficulties in identifying and processing title changes, often resulting in the delay or loss of information. The analysis revealed that a third of title changes were not justified by the journal. The study results substantiate the need to standardize title change reporting by publishers. A standard developed by the National Information Standards Organization requires publishers to conform to standardized practices for notification. This standard precisely reflects the concerns reflected in both the survey and the study of title changes, and librarians are urged to ensure that the standard is implemented by publishers. PMID:8428189

  14. [Definition and diagnostic principles of encephalopathy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Göllnitz, G

    1968-01-01

    Definition of the collecting terms "early infantile brain damages" and "encephalopathy" as well as temporal delimination of the prenatal, perinatal and postnatal injury period. The diagnostical value of anamnesis, of neurological findings (tone, reflex-mechanisms in the different infantile developmental stages), motometric examinations, radiographs of cranial and hand skeleton, electroencephalogram, pneumoencephalogram and liquor is discussed thoroughly. The termed slighter early infantile brain damages are somatic the easier to demonstrate the earlier after birth this is performed. If the children are prejudged not till 4-6 years, the diagnostical pains transpose first of all to psychosomatic methods, except some basic somatic examinations. By reason of a review of the infantile patients in the children's department for neuropsychiatry at Rostock during the the last five years, the main point of diagnosis is formed by turns: a very profound and detailed developmental anamnesis, extensive examinations of the motoric function and coordination, radiographs of cranial and hand skeleton, electroencephalograms at several course-controls and at provocation-controls, examinations of the corporal proportions, vegetative and endocrine function tests as well as a pneumencephalogram may be called in additional. This methods are fewer suitable for routine examinations. They demand to express a strict opinion on indication. Non of the mentioned examinations has a reliability of 100%. The more extensive the diagnostical base, the more frequent controls are performed, the more reliable are the results.

  15. Evolution of the Title of Ukrainian Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyudmila Yuldasheva

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the study of the phenomenon of the title of folklore and literary Ukrainian works while taking into account changes in its characteristics with time. The emphasis is on the main formal and semantic features of the headings of folklore works, works of ancient Ukrainian literature, the literature of the end of the XVIII-XI centuries, the literature of the XX century, works of the period of modern independent Ukraine. The dynamics are studied and the main tendencies of the nomination of works in the historical perspective are singled out.

  16. 29 CFR 1601.2 - Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS Definitions § 1601.2 Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act. The terms person, employer, employment...

  17. Wisconsin Public Service, Weston Generating Station; Petition to Object to Issuance of Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  18. Tennessee Valley Authority, Paradise Fossil Plant; Order Responding Petition to Object to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  19. Tennessee Valley Authority, Paradise Fossil Plant; Petition to Object to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  20. Cemex, Inc., Lyons, Colorado; Petition to Object (or reopen) to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  1. Tradewinds Veneer Mill, Ookala, Hawaii; Petition to Object to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  2. Tradewinds Veneer Mill, Ookala, Hawaii; Petiton to Object to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  3. Georgia Power Company, Wansley Steam Electric Generating Plant; Petition to Object to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  4. Centralization as a predictor of provocation discography results in chronic low back pain, and the influence of disability and distress on diagnostic power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laslett, Mark; Oberg, Birgitta; Aprill, Charles N; McDonald, Barry

    2005-01-01

    The "centralization phenomenon" (CP) is the progressive retreat of referred pain towards the spinal midline in response to repeated movement testing (a McKenzie evaluation). A previous study suggested that it may have utility in the clinical diagnosis of discogenic pain and may assist patient selection for discography and specific treatments for disc pain. Estimation of the diagnostic predictive power of centralization and the influence of disability and patient distress on diagnostic performance, using provocation discography as a criterion standard for diagnosis, in chronic low back pain patients. This study was a prospective, blinded, concurrent, reference standard-related validity design carried out in a private radiology clinic specializing in diagnosis of chronic spinal pain. Consecutive patients with persistent low back pain were referred to the study clinic by orthopedists and other medical specialists for interventional radiological diagnostic procedures. Patients were typically disabled and displayed high levels of psychosocial distress. The sample included patients with previous lumbar surgery, and most had unsuccessful conservative therapies previously. results of provocation discography. The CP. Psychometric evaluation: Roland-Morris, Zung, Modified Somatic Perception questionnaires, Distress Risk Assessment Method, and 100-mm visual analog scales for pain intensity. Patients received a single physical therapy examination, followed by lumbar provocation discography. Sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratios of the CP were estimated in the group as a whole and in subgroups defined by psychometric measures. A total of 107 patients received the clinical examination and discography at two or more levels and post-discography computed tomography. Thirty-eight could not tolerate a full physical examination and were excluded from the main analysis. Disability and pain intensity ratings were high, and distress was common. Sensitivity, specificity, and

  5. Limit setting and projective identification in work with a provocative child and his parents: a revisiting of Winnicott's "Hate in the Countertransference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Charles A

    2007-01-01

    Dealing with children who have disruptive behavior disorders can evoke feelings of frustration and anger in their therapists. D.W. Winnicott discussed the complexities in the treatment of enraging patients in his article "Hate in the Countertransference" (1949). In the following paper, I will depict the relationship between limit setting, projective identification dynamics, and enraging behavior in the treatment of a provocative latency-aged boy. I will argue that poor limit setting caused by powerful projective identification dynamics were central to the pathology of the boy and his family. These dynamics partially repeated in the boy's treatment--an outcome of which Winnicott had warned. The repetition contributed to the boy becoming physically out of control in my office and led to a disruption in his treatment. The establishment of solid limits by addressing projective identification forces was necessary for the improvement in the disruptive behavior of the child.

  6. Late airway obstruction and neutrophil infiltration in sensitized mice after antigen provocation were suppressed by selective and non-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osamu Kaminuma

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Suppression of antigen-induced late airway obstruction associated with neutrophilic inflammation by selective and non-selective phosphodiesterase (PDE inhibitors was investigated in mice. Respiratory resistance (Rrs increased in sensitized BDF1 mice 4-6 h after antigen provocation, whereas no obvious immediate reaction was observed. This reaction was associated with marked airway neutrophilia without significant infiltration of eosinophils. A selective PDE IV inhibitor, T-440 (10-30 mg/kg, and a non-selective PDE inhibitor, theophylline (10 mg/kg, significantly inhibited airway obstruction and neutrophilia when administered orally. An anti-allergic drug, ketotifen (1 mg/kg, caused slight inhibition of airway obstruction, whereas it did not affect airway neutrophilia. These results suggest that neutrophilic inflammation plays a role in the airway obstructive reaction and that PDE has a regulatory role in obstructive airway disease associated with airway inflammation.

  7. Freehold title issues of significance to the industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scherman, B.J. [Balfour Moss, Regina, SK (Canada)

    2005-07-01

    Thousands of top leases still survive in Saskatchewan, and are complicating access to oil and gas resources. This paper examined recent developments in Saskatchewan law applicable to freehold title, with particular reference to a judicial decision relating to top leases and the introduction of an electronic land titles system. The validity of top leases was discussed as well as issues concerning contraventions of the rule against perpetuities. Conversion to the new Land Titles Act of 2000 has involved the creation of an electronic ownership registry for each surface parcel and each granted mineral commodity associated with a mineral parcel, and allowed for multiple titles created within the ownership registry for each surface parcel or mineral commodity within a mineral parcel due to tenants in common or fractional ownerships. An audit report with a 95 per cent degree of confidence found the error rate resulting from the land titles conversion was 3 per cent and the error rate in the Writ Registry conversion was 3.5 per cent. Due to an amendment, mineral certification is no longer mandatory when registering a transfer of an uncertified mineral title in a producing area. However, there is no assurance of title or access to assurance fund compensation if transfers are made without certification. The conversion process will perpetuate many of the existing errors regarding minerals. Transfers of uncertified mineral titles or registration of interests against uncertified mineral titles can occur, but there is no statutory assurance that this will result in a valid and effective title until certification of the underlying mineral occurs. Recommendations included searching original grants to ensure that there are not 2 or more grants for the same mineral rights; searching the last paper title prior to conversion; and, searching back from the current mineral title to the certification by the registrar.

  8. What Difference Does a Title Make

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balle, Søren Hattesen

    The subtitles placed in the margins of Elizabeth Bishop’s prose poem “Twelve O’Clock News” function in an ambiguously reassuring and unsettling manner, thus both inviting and resisting interpretation of the sections they entitle. The poem’s main title does its proper job of entitlement, as spelled....... On such a reading, the poem is often given further significance through a contextual interpretation, taking into consideration that its time of writing coincided with the Vietnam War. In this light, the poem is interpreted as a critical comment on how through its ostensibly objective and neutral tone news reporting...... adds just as much to the infliction of cruelty and alienation on its victims as does the war itself. This aspect, many critics point out, is underlined by the distance which the textual layout of the poem introduces between the text itself and its subtitles. Since the subtitles form a list...

  9. De-labelling self-reported penicillin allergy within the emergency department through the use of skin tests and oral drug provocation testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marwood, Joseph; Aguirrebarrena, Gonzalo; Kerr, Stephen; Welch, Susan A; Rimmer, Janet

    2017-10-01

    Self-reported penicillin allergy is common among patients attending the ED, but is a poor predictor of true immunoglobulin E-mediated hypersensitivity to penicillin. We hypothesise that with a combination of skin testing and drug provocation testing, selected patients can be safely de-labelled of their allergy. This prospective study enrolled a sample of patients presenting to an urban academic ED between 2011 and 2016 with a self-reported allergy to penicillin. Standardised skin prick and intradermal testing with amoxicillin and both major and minor determinants of penicillin was performed in the department. If negative, testing was followed by a graded oral challenge of amoxicillin over 9 days. The primary end point was the allergy status of participants at the end of the study. A total of 100 patients (mean age 42; standard deviation 14 years; 54% women) completed the testing. Of these, 81% (95% confidence interval 71.9-88.2) showed no hypersensitivity to penicillin and were labelled non-allergic. The majority (16/19) of allergies were confirmed by skin testing, with three suspected allergies detected by the oral challenge. Women were more likely than men to have a true penicillin allergy, with odds ratio of 4.0 (95% confidence interval 1.23-13.2). There were no serious adverse events. Selected patients in the ED who self-report an allergy to penicillin can be safely tested there for penicillin allergy, using skin tests and oral drug provocation testing. This testing allows a significant de-labelling of penicillin allergy, with the majority of these patients able to tolerate penicillin without incident. © 2017 Australasian College for Emergency Medicine and Australasian Society for Emergency Medicine.

  10. Severity of myocardial fatty acid dysmetabolism induced by coronary spasm does not differ with Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade during intracoronary acetylcholine provocation tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoneyama, Kihei; Akashi, Yoshihiro J; Ashikaga, Kohei; Kida, Keisuke; Sato, Yukio; Tsukahara, Maya; Yamada, Marika; Takagi, Yasushi; Kamijima, Ryo; Suzuki, Kengo; Musha, Haruki; Harada, Tomoo

    2014-01-01

    Whether additional intracoronary acetylcholine (ACH) injections are required for severe coronary spasm without limited coronary flow in the ACH provocation test remains unclear. We used (123)I-β-methyl-iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid ((123)I-BMIPP) to identify myocardial ischemic memory to compare the severity of myocardial fatty acid dysmetabolism among Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade flow.Thirteen hypertensive volunteers (mean age, 69.5 years) and 37 patients with VSA (mean age, 62.8 years) were enrolled. The patients with VSA were stratified according to TIMI flow grades of 3 (90% luminal narrowing; n = 12) or TIMI 0-2 (≥ 99% or total occlusion; n = 25) during ACH provocation tests. Two weeks after cardiac catheterization, (123)I-BMIPP myocardial scintigraphic images were obtained at 15 minutes (early) and at 4 hours (delayed) after tracer injection. The heart-to-mediastinum (H/M) ratio and washout rates (WR) were calculated from planar images.The TIMI 3 and TIMI 0-2 groups had significantly lower early and delayed H/M ratios than controls but the difference did not reach significance between the two groups (Early: 2.7 ± 0.5 versus 2.3 ± 0.4 and 2.2 ± 0.3, P = 0.024; Delayed: 2.4 ± 0.4 versus 1.8 ± 0.3 and 1.8 ± 0.3, P = 0.001). The washout rate was greater for TIMI 0-2 than the controls.The severity of myocardial fatty acid dysmetabolism did not differ between TIMI 3 and TIMI 0-2 coronary spasms. Additional ACH might not be required considering safety and the severity of coronary spams with TIMI 3 grade flow.

  11. Periodic Monitoring Guidance for Title V Operating Permits Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Policy and Guidance Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-operating-permit-policy-and-guidance-document-index. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  12. Citation Oil and Gas Corporation... Title V Applicability Determination

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Policy and Guidance Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-operating-permit-policy-and-guidance-document-index. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  13. Community genetics. Its definition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ten Kate, L.P.; Al-Gazali, L.; Anand, S.; Bittles, A.; Cassiman, J.J.; Christianson, A.; Cornel, M.C.; Hamamy, H.; Kääriäinen, H.; Kristoffersson, U.; Marais, A.D.; Penchaszadeh, V.B.; Rahman, P.; Schmidtke, J.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a definition of the medical field of community genetics. It starts with a brief historical overview, defines the requirements for an adequate definition, presents the definition, and discusses the constituent parts of the definition. © The Author(s) 2010.

  14. 38 CFR 19.2 - Composition of the Board; Titles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Composition of the Board; Titles. 19.2 Section 19.2 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS....2 Composition of the Board; Titles. (a) The Board consists of a Chairman, Vice Chairman, Deputy Vice...

  15. 36 CFR 901.1 - Title and office.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 901.1 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION BYLAWS OF THE CORPORATION § 901.1 Title and office. (a) Title. The name of the Corporation is the Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation. (b) Office. The office of the Corporation shall be in the city of...

  16. 12 CFR 611.1137 - Title VIII service corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Title VIII service corporations. 611.1137 Section 611.1137 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM ORGANIZATION Service... authorities granted under title VIII of the Act to act as an agricultural mortgage marketing facility. (b) How...

  17. 24 CFR 27.45 - Transfer of title and possession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Transfer of title and possession... Foreclosure of Multifamily Mortgages § 27.45 Transfer of title and possession. (a) If the Secretary is the... deed to the purchaser upon receipt of the entire purchase price and execution by the Secretary and the...

  18. Evaluation Report, Brookville EEE Program, ESEA Title I, Summer, 1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Don L.

    Contained in this report is an evaluation of the ESEA Title I Environmental-Ecological Education Program for educationally disadvantaged students operated by the Brookville Area School District, Pennsylvania. The program is a modification of a previously operated ESEA Title III Rural Youth Enrichment Program. Conducted during the summer of 1970,…

  19. The ties that bind: what's in a title?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuhaus, Susan J

    2017-05-04

    Many Australian and New Zealand surgeons use the title 'Mister' rather than 'Doctor', a practice dating back to traditions established over 600 years ago. The Royal Australasian College of Surgeons is currently undergoing a period of critical self-reflection, embodied by its 'Respect' campaign. Active measures to embrace diversity and encourage women into surgery are underway. This paper reviews the historical basis to the use of gendered titles and their current use amongst fellows. De-identified demographic data from the college register of active fellows was searched by self-identified title, country or state, and gender. Data were further reviewed by surgical sub-specialty and year of fellowship. The college dataset suggests that there is significant variance in the preference for gendered titles, determined predominantly by geography rather than specialty. The highest use of gendered titles (by male and female surgeons) was in Victoria/Tasmania (58% male, 22% female) and New Zealand (81% male, 17% female). By contrast, only 2% of female surgeons in other states elected a gendered title (Miss/Mrs/Ms). Surgery is the only profession that continues to use gendered titles. As the College of Surgeons moves towards greater equity and diversity, consideration should be given to phasing out the use of gendered titles, which serve to divide rather than unite our profession. © 2017 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  20. 1990 Clean Air Act Amendment Summary: Title I

    Science.gov (United States)

    This page provides an overview of the 1990 amendments to Title I of the Clean Air Act, which were enacted to curb acid rain, urban air pollution and toxic air emissions. The edits to this title deal with the national ambient air quality standards.

  1. 24 CFR 234.65 - Nature of title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Nature of title. 234.65 Section 234.65 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued... OWNERSHIP MORTGAGE INSURANCE Eligibility Requirements-Individually Owned Units § 234.65 Nature of title. A...

  2. 1990 Clean Air Act Amendment Summary: Title VI

    Science.gov (United States)

    This page provides an overview of the 1990 amendments to Title VI of the Clean Air Act, which were enacted to curb acid rain, urban air pollution and toxic air emissions. The edits to this title deal with stratospheric ozone and global climate protection.

  3. Examining ambiguities in film titles: the Nigerian situation | Nwala ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper investigated ambiguous film titles with specific reference to films in Nigeria. It observed that film titles which are meant to serve as initial appraisal and forerunners of films that light up the interest of the consumers and promote patronage are usually scripted in mind-boggling ambiguous expressions, which make ...

  4. Review Article - Book title: Oral tradition as history | Mbakwe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Review Article - Book title: Oral tradition as history. ... International Journal of Development and Management Review. Journal Home ... Abstract. BOOK TITLE: ORAL TRADITION AS HISTORY MBAKWE, PAUL UCHE Department of History and International Relations, Abia State University P. M. B. 2000 Uturu, Nigeria.

  5. Prepositioned Stocks: Additional Information and a Consistent Definition Would Make DOD’s Annual Report More Useful

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    PREPOSITIONED STOCKS Additional Information and a Consistent Definition Would Make DOD’s Annual Report More Useful...COVERED 00-00-2015 to 00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Prepositioned Stocks : Additional Information and a Consistent Definition Would Make DOD’s... STOCKS Additional Information and a Consistent Definition Would Make DOD’s Annual Report More Useful Why GAO Did This Study DOD prepositions stocks

  6. Definitions of "Rural"

    OpenAIRE

    Du Plessis, Valerie; Beshiri, Roland; Bollman, Ray D.; Clemenson, Heather

    2002-01-01

    Several definitions of "rural" are available for national and provincial analysis using the databases at Statistics Canada. We compare six in this paper. Each definition emphasizes different criteria (population size, density, context) and has different associated thresholds. The size of the territorial units (building blocks) from which each definition is constructed also varies. As a result, an analyst's choice of "rural" definition matters. Different definitions generate a different number...

  7. [The title of master in the history of health care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piasek, G; Piasek, M

    1999-09-01

    The review examples of usage of the Latin term magister (master) in various common titles throughout the past, particularly in Croatia. As early as the Roman Empire and until the Middle Ages, the title magister designated various functions and duties, generally denoting authority, higher rank, or a responsible position. The review highlights certain historical events and persons related to the usage of the title magister. Ever since the Middle Ages, the title has specifically denoted various health care professions. The term was used in Latin, as it was the official language in Croatia at the time, for example, m. chirurgiae (master of surgery), m. obstetritiae (master of obstetrics), m. artis occularis (master of the eye-related skills), m. hospitalis (master of the hospice), m. sanitatis (health care master). As an example, the review shows the difference between the titles doctor medicinae and m. obstetritiae according to John the Baptist Lalangue (1743-1799), the official physician of the Varazdin county in the Hapsburg Empire and one of the most prominent figures in the history of health care in Croatia. Lalangue was the author of the first professional medical book in the Croatian language published in 1776 and of several other books in Croatian. The books were meant to teach medical professionals and ordinary people how to improve their health. Beside the title of medical doctor, Lalangue held the title of m. obstetritiae which he earned through additional education. He thought it was essential for a complete health provider to be trained both in general practice and in obstetrics which, at the time, included infant care. Nowadays in Croatia, only persons who are graduate pharmacists use magister pharmaciae as a professional title. The title is otherwise strictly reserved to denote an academic degree between the bachelor's and the doctoral in a particular field. The title magister scientiarum (Master of Science) is achieved upon completion of a postgraduate

  8. The Relationship between Standardized Test Scores of Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Students in Title I and Non-Title I Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heier, Sharon L.

    2011-01-01

    Federal Title I funding has been allocated to districts since 1965 in an effort to provide schools with a high population of identified low socioeconomic students with additional resources to close the achievement gap. The basis for this study was to ascertain whether the Title I funding that schools received was having a positive impact on…

  9. 76 FR 62148 - Title VI; Proposed Circular, Environmental Justice; Proposed Circular

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... Federal Transit Administration Title VI; Proposed Circular, Environmental Justice; Proposed Circular... information sessions, as published in the September 29, 2011, Federal Register Notices titled ``Title VI... sessions, as published in the September 29, 2011, Federal Register Notices titled ``Title VI; Proposed...

  10. Análogos das prostaglandinas diminuem a sensibilidade do teste provocativo da ibopamina no glaucoma Prostaglandin analogues reduce the ibopamine provocative test specificity in glaucoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leopoldo Magacho

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o desempenho do teste provocativo da ibopamina em pacientes com glaucoma usuários de drogas hipotensoras. MÉTODOS: Pacientes glaucomatosos foram recrutados do Centro de Referência em Oftalmologia (CEROF da Universidade Federal de Goiás, e suas drogas hipotensoras em uso registradas. Indivíduos normais foram amigos e parentes dos pacientes. A seguir, foram instiladas duas gotas de ibopamina 2% com intervalo de 5 minutos. A pressão intra-ocular (Pio foi medida previamente, e após 30, 60 e 180 minutos. No nosso estudo, o teste da ibopamina foi considerado positivo quando a pressão intra-ocular excedeu 4 mmHg em pelo menos uma das medidas. RESULTADOS: Cinquenta e oito olhos de 58 indivíduos (38 glaucomatosos e 20 normais foram incluídos no estudo. O aumento da pressão intra-ocular foi maior nos pacientes com glaucoma aos 30, 60 e 180 minutos (pPURPOSE: To evaluate the ibopamine provocative test for the diagnosis of glaucoma in glaucoma patients using antiglaucomatous drugs. METHODS: Two 2% ibopamine eyedrops were instilled 5 minutes apart in one eye selected at random in both glaucoma and normal subjects. The intraocular pressure (IOP was assessed prior to the drops and 30, 60 and 180 minutes after instillation. The test was considered positive when there was an intraocular pressure increase of greater than 4 mmHg at any one of the timepoints. The amount of intraocular pressure change was compared to the types of medical treatment. RESULTS: Fifty-eight eyes were included (38 glaucoma patients and 20 normal individuals. The intraocular pressure rise was significantly higher in glaucoma patients (p<0.001 at all times. The sensitivity and specificity of the ibopamine test were 68% (87% if we exclude eyes using prostaglandin analogues and 95%, respectively. Glaucoma patients using prostaglandin analogues did not present a significant intraocular pressure elevation. CONCLUSION: The ibopamine provocative test may be an

  11. Inscribing Authority: Female Title Bearers in Jewish Inscriptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carrie Duncan

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates representations of gender in the material culture of the ancient synagogue. The pertinent data are numerous dedicatory and funerary inscriptions linking individual Jews, men and women, with titles seemingly associated with leadership in Late Antique synagogues (ca. 200–600 CE. Bernadette Brooten’s influential 1982 monograph argued against the prevailing tendency to characterize these titles as indications of power, authority, and responsibility when associated with men but as meaningless flattery when applied to women. She suggests that synagogue titles denote power, authority and responsibility on all title bearers equally, both men and women. I question the continued utility of proffering female title-holders as enumerable examples of powerful women rescued from their forgotten place in history. Using theoretical insights developed by historians Elizabeth Clark and Gabrielle Spiegel, this paper will engage a comparative analysis with the work of Riet van Bremen and Saba Mahmood to develop new methods of conceptualizing women’s authority in early Jewish communities. I propose that viewing women’s synagogue titles as culturally constructed representations allows for a fruitful inquiry into how women’s titles were used by male-dominated synagogue communities in their self-articulation and public presentation of Judaism.

  12. Toward a definition of competency-based education in medicine: a systematic review of published definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Jason R; Mungroo, Rani; Ahmad, Yasmine; Wang, Mimi; De Rossi, Stefanie; Horsley, Tanya

    2010-01-01

    Competency-based education (CBE) has emerged in the health professions to address criticisms of contemporary approaches to training. However, the literature has no clear, widely accepted definition of CBE that furthers innovation, debate, and scholarship in this area. To systematically review CBE-related literature in order to identify key terms and constructs to inform the development of a useful working definition of CBE for medical education. We searched electronic databases and supplemented searches by using authors' files, checking reference lists, contacting relevant organizations and conducting Internet searches. Screening was carried out by duplicate assessment, and disagreements were resolved by consensus. We included any English- or French-language sources that defined competency-based education. Data were analyzed qualitatively and summarized descriptively. We identified 15,956 records for initial relevancy screening by title and abstract. The full text of 1,826 records was then retrieved and assessed further for relevance. A total of 173 records were analyzed. We identified 4 major themes (organizing framework, rationale, contrast with time, and implementing CBE) and 6 sub-themes (outcomes defined, curriculum of competencies, demonstrable, assessment, learner-centred and societal needs). From these themes, a new definition of CBE was synthesized. This is the first comprehensive systematic review of the medical education literature related to CBE definitions. The themes and definition identified should be considered by educators to advance the field.

  13. Provocative poliomyelitis causing postpolio residual paralysis among select communities of two remote villages of North Karnataka in India: a community survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayan, Amitesh; Ganesan, Sailakshmi; Shenoy, U V; Narayanan, E

    2011-01-01

    Intramuscular injections can provoke muscular paralysis especially, if the child has had exposure to polio virus. The purpose of the study was to determine the association with known risk factors for motor disabilities in two remote villages of North Karnataka (India), where an increased number of disabled people among select communities had been reported. A community based survey was conducted. The selection of study subjects was done through screening, history related with occurrence of musculoskeletal disability, screening and general examination of the affected joints and muscles. Data analysis was done by estimation of percentages. Among the physical disabilities identified, the most common was post-polio residual paralysis. 35.65% (n = 41) subjects had developed paralysis following the administration of an intramuscular injection when they had acute viremia in childhood, indicating that (probably) muscle paralysis would have been provoked by intramuscular injections, resulting in provocative poliomyelitis. Unnecessary injection must be avoided in children during acute viremia state and use of oral polio vaccine should be encouraged.

  14. Evaluation of the efficacy of laser peripheral iridoplasty in reversing the darkroom provocative test result in Chinese patients with primary angle closure status post laser iridotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Huang

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of krypton laser peripheral iridoplasty (LPIP for Chinese patients with primary angle closure (PAC or primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG status post laser iridotomy in reversing the positive results of the dark room provocative test (DRPT.METHODS:This study was prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. Thirty-three patients (thirty-eight eyes with PAC or PACG status post patent laser iridotomy and maintained normal intraocular pressure (IOP but with positive DRPT results were enrolled. All the subjects were treated with krypton LPIP. DRPT was repeated after krypton LPIP. Results of DRPT were recorded. The visual acuity, IOP and gonioscopy were analyzed before and after krypton LPIP. A minimum time limit for follow-up was 6mo.RESULTS:Thirty-three patients (thirty-eight eyes were followed for 17.7±8.37mo (range 7-41mo after LPIP. Positive results of DRPT decreased from 38 eyes to 9 eyes (23.7% after LPIP. Peripheral anterior synechiae of angle in 34 of 38 eyes (89.5% remained unchanged at dynamic gonioscopy throughout the follow-up period after LPIP.CONCLUSION:LPIP decreased positive rates of the DRPT significantly. The mechanism may be that LPIP minimized contact between the peripheral iris and trabecular meshwork, which is a key factor for developing peripheral anterior synechiae.

  15. WORLD TITLE BOXING: FROM EARLY BEGINNINGS TO THE FIRST BELL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Ramsay

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available There is scant literature where applied sport scientists have considered first hand experiences preparing professional boxers for world title bouts. The present submission reflects more than 10 years of applied experience working with professional boxers, residing in Canada. What follows is a composite of sequential steps that ownership and coaching staff of one Canadian management group have tried leading up to more than 20 world title bout experiences. The strategies proposed have been built progressively over time, and what follows is a general overview of a more detailed pre-bout structure from shortly in advance of a world title bout offer to the moment when the athlete enters the ring to perform. We propose that an effective structure is founded upon detailed a priori preparation, tactical decisions throughout bout preparation, and a thorough understanding by the athlete of what he will encounter during the title bout

  16. World title boxing: from early beginnings to the first bell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schinke, Robert J; Ramsay, Marc

    2009-11-01

    There is scant literature where applied sport scientists have considered first hand experiences preparing professional boxers for world title bouts. The present submission reflects more than 10 years of applied experience working with professional boxers, residing in Canada. What follows is a composite of sequential steps that ownership and coaching staff of one Canadian management group have tried leading up to more than 20 world title bout experiences. The strategies proposed have been built progressively over time, and what follows is a general overview of a more detailed pre-bout structure from shortly in advance of a world title bout offer to the moment when the athlete enters the ring to perform. We propose that an effective structure is founded upon detailed a priori preparation, tactical decisions throughout bout preparation, and a thorough understanding by the athlete of what he will encounter during the title bout. Key PointsWorld championship boxing.Competition preparation.Professional sport.Athlete performance.

  17. Statistics On Title II Direct Payments To Claimant Representatives

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — Every person has the right to be represented by an attorney or other representative while pursuing a claim or other rights. This dataset contains data around Title...

  18. INTELSAT VI artist concept drawing titled 'Ocean Bridge'

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT) VI artist concept drawing titled 'Ocean Bridge' shows satellite built by Hughes Aircraft Company and owned and operated by INTELSAT, a 122-nation cooperative, orbiting the Earth.

  19. 36 CFR 200.12 - Land status and title records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... automated database which contains an accurate account of: acreage, condition of title, administrative jurisdiction, rights held by the United States, administrative and legal use restrictions, encumbrances, and... Atlas for each National Forest, National Grassland, and other proclaimed or designated administrative...

  20. Constructing a unitary title regime for the European Patent System

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rodriguez, V.F.

    2011-01-01

    The European Patent System without any unitary title allows Member States to retain institutional arrangements within their borders and to prevent any moves to delegate responsibility outside the national sphere. This intergovernmental patent regime suffers from fragmentation due to national

  1. 15 CFR 240.1 - Title of act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Title of act. 240.1 Section 240.1 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF... § 240.1 Title of act. The act, “Pub. L. 228, 64th Congress,” approved August 23, 1916 (39 Stat. 530; 15...

  2. Extensional Definition of Interdisciplinarity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szostak, Rick

    2015-01-01

    An extensional definition of interdisciplinarity--that is, a definition that identifies the types of practices that are interdisciplinary--is explained, advocated, and developed. The criteria for identifying appropriate interdisciplinary practices are outlined. Such a definition is useful both for interdisciplinary teachers and researchers who…

  3. Access to the frontiers [native title law in Australia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    French, R. [National Native Title Tribunal, Canberra, ACT (Australia)

    1996-12-31

    An overview is presented of the origins of native title in law in Australia, why there is a need for a native Title Act, what the the expectations of the Act were, what are the problems that have been encountered, and what effects may be felt from changes to the Act. The land claims made by Australian Aborigines and the subsequent High Court decisions known as Mabo No. 1 and Mabo No. 2 are described. The decisions of the High Court left a situation in which the validity of grants of interests in land, including mining tenements, pastoral leases and freehold grants which had been made since 1975 would be under question because of Mabo No. 1 and their interaction with the Racial Discrimination Act. So there was a need for a legislative framework to deal with these matters, to deal with the question of recognition of native title and to deal with the issues of its protection in respect of future dealings. The Native Title Act was subsequently passed in 1993 covering a validation process, a recognition process and a protection and related compulsory negotiation and arbitration process. It does not define the law relating to native title but provides a framework within which native title can be claimed, negotiated, determined and protected. Amendments are currently planned to strengthen the act and decrease the cost of litigation under the Act. (author). 15 refs.

  4. Titles as discourse : naming and framing research agendas as evident in theses titles in 1995-2004

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bengesai, A.V; Karlsson, J; Goba, B.B

    2011-01-01

    .... research titles 1995-2004 in all universities in South Africa. The dominant discourses are analysed using Foucault's approach to discourse analysis in order to interrogate their role in the framing of research...

  5. 21 CFR 200.15 - Definition of term “insulin.”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) DRUGS: GENERAL GENERAL General Provisions § 200.15 Definition of term “insulin.” For purposes of sections 801 and 802 of the act and this title, the term insulin means the active principle of the pancreas... the same as, or similar to, naturally occurring insulins in structure, use, and intended effect and...

  6. 78 FR 46256 - Scope and Definitions (2 U.S.C. 431)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION 11 CFR Part 100 Scope and Definitions (2 U.S.C. 431) CFR Correction In Title 11 of the Code of... paragraph (a) to read as follows: Sec. 100.19 File, filed or filing (2 U.S.C. 434(a)). * * * * * (a) Where...

  7. Long-acting reversible contraception method use among Title X providers and non-Title X providers in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hye-Youn; Rodriguez, Maria I; Hulett, Denis; Darney, Philip D; Thiel de Bocanegra, Heike

    2012-11-01

    Publicly funded family planning services play an important role in reducing unintended pregnancy by providing access to effective contraception. We assessed whether California family planning providers receiving federal Title X funds are more likely to offer on-site long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods than those who do not receive these funds. Using 2009 administrative data, we examined on-site utilization of LARC by clinic type (Title X public, non-Title X public, or private) and constructed beta-binomial logistic regression models. The odds of on-site LARC services in non-Title X public and private providers were decreased by 35% [Odds Ratio (OR)=0.65, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.54-0.79] and 61% [OR=0.39, 95% CI 0.32-0.47], respectively, compared to those of Title X providers after controlling for clinic size, urban/rural location, and proportion of teen, African-American, and Latina clients. On-site utilization of LARC is a potential quality indicator for family planning programs. Title X resources are associated with increased use of LARC. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  8. Gifted Adults: A Systematic Review and Analysis of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinn, Anne N.; Bishop, James

    2015-01-01

    What happens when a gifted child grows up? Despite a slew of provocative book titles regarding gifted adults in the mainstream media, and the inclusion of the notion of giftedness among adults in the definition of giftedness proposed by Subotnik, Olszewski-Kubilius, and Worrell, there is a limited amount of research that has examined the gifted…

  9. Kerr-McGee Gathering, LLC, Frederick Compressor Station; Order Granting Petition for Objection to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  10. New York Power Authority Pouch Terminal Power Plant, Staten Island, NY; Petition to Object to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  11. Marcal Paper Mills, Inc.; Order Granting in Part and Denying in Part Petition for Object to Title V Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  12. Aboriginal Determination: Native Title Claims and Barriers to Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zia Akhtar

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The Australian government has proposed a referendum in 2012 to decide the constitutional status of its indigenous people. There is at present no mechanism to define the indigenous people as a domestic or foreign entity of the Commonwealth. This is an important issue because other settler governments have developed a framework to implement their relationship with the native people. As a result, it is difficult prove title to land that has been abrogated by the deeds of the settlers. In Mabo v Queensland (2,the Commonwealth government was found to have breached its fiduciary duty to the Aboriginal peoples. The judgment led to the Native Title Act 1993 that established the process of asserting native rights that were held to coexist with pastoral ownership. The promulgation of the Native Title Amendment Act 1998 reversed this process and augmented the powers of non-native landlords by providing the device to extinguish native rights. In Western Australia v Ward, a mining lease was held to have precedence over native title that was adjudged to be part of a bundle of rights. In implementing the Native Title Act the issue turns on the determination of the ties to land/ sea that the government allows to the Aboriginal peoples. The judgment in Harrington-Smith on behalf of the Wongatha People v Western Australia indicates that title can be excluded on procedural grounds and that there was an incompatibility between the claims of the Aboriginal peoples and the settlers’ claims. The road map towards a more effective regime of proving title can be achieved if the Aboriginal peoples are granted recognition as a nation in the Constitution and a treaty is signed with them.

  13. HRCT and bronchial asthma: visualization of the pathophysiologic changes of the pulmonary parenchyma after inhalation provocation; HRCT und Asthma bronchiale: Visualisierung pathophysiologischer Veraenderungen des Lungenparenchyms nach inhalativer Provokation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schueller, G.; Neumann, K.; Helbich, T.; Herold, C.J. [Univ. Klinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Abt. fuer konservative Faecher, Vienna (Austria); Riemer, H. [Univ. Klinik fuer Innere Medizin IV, Abt. fuer Pulmologie, Vienna (Austria); Backfrieder, W. [Allgemeines Krankenhaus, Vienna (Austria). Inst. fuer Biomedizinische Technik und Physik; Sertl, K. [Krankenhaus der Stadt Wien-Floridsdorf (Austria). Abt. fuer Innere Medizin; Pittner, B. [Vienna Univ. (Austria). Inst. fuer Medizinische Statistik

    2004-03-01

    Purpose: To characterize parenchymal lung affections morphologically in patients with asthma and healthy subjects by high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) subsequent to histamine-triggered inhalation bronchoprovocation and salbutamolinduced broncholysis, and to compare the results with pulmonary function tests. Materials and Methods: Fifteen asthmatics with bronchial hyperreactivity, with a>20% decrease in FEV1 and a>10 mmHg decrease in PaO{sub 2} after bronchoprovocation (PC20%+), twelve asthmatics with a<20% decrease in FEV1 and a>10 mmHg decrease in PaO{sub 2} after bronchoprovocation (PC20%-), and eight healthy persons without bronchial hyperreactivity underwent inhalation bronchoprovocation and broncholysis. Spirometer-triggered HRCT at high lung volumes was performed, and total and peripheral lung densities and the amount of solid lung structures, representing predominantly vessels, were measured. Results: After bronchoprovocation, we observed significant decreases in total and peripheral lung densities in all groups (p<0.0005), and a significant increase in lung densities subsequent to bronchodilation (p<0.0002). The morphological alterations in solid lung structure were not significantly different after bronchoprovocation or broncholysis (p>0.05), as compared to the baseline measurements. In hyperreactive patients, PaO{sub 2} significantly decreased after provocation and significantly increased after lysis (p<0.05). In PC20%+ asthmatics, a mean reduction of 27.8% in FEV1 was observed, which was <20% in the other groups. No significant correlations were observed between radiological data and the results of pulmonary function tests. In healthy persons, we demonstrated highly significant parenchymal response to bronchoprovocation and broncholysis, which was not otherwise documented by pulmonary function tests. Conclusion: In both PC20%+ and PC20%- patients as well as in healthy individuals, HRCT was efficient in the evaluation of pathoanatomical

  14. In search of the trauma memory: a meta-analysis of functional neuroimaging studies of symptom provocation in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gudrun Sartory

    Full Text Available Notwithstanding some discrepancy between results from neuroimaging studies of symptom provocation in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, there is broad agreement as to the neural circuit underlying this disorder. It is thought to be characterized by an exaggerated amygdalar and decreased medial prefrontal activation to which the elevated anxiety state and concomitant inadequate emotional regulation are attributed. However, the proposed circuit falls short of accounting for the main symptom, unique among anxiety disorders to PTSD, namely, reexperiencing the precipitating event in the form of recurrent, distressing images and recollections. Owing to the technical demands, neuroimaging studies are usually carried out with small sample sizes. A meta-analysis of their findings is more likely to cast light on the involved cortical areas. Coordinate-based meta-analyses employing ES-SDM (Effect Size Signed Differential Mapping were carried out on 19 studies with 274 PTSD patients. Thirteen of the studies included 145 trauma-exposed control participants. Comparisons between reactions to trauma-related stimuli and a control condition and group comparison of reactions to the trauma-related stimuli were submitted to meta-analysis. Compared to controls and the neutral condition, PTSD patients showed significant activation of the mid-line retrosplenial cortex and precuneus in response to trauma-related stimuli. These midline areas have been implicated in self-referential processing and salient autobiographical memory. PTSD patients also evidenced hyperactivation of the pregenual/anterior cingulate gyrus and bilateral amygdala to trauma-relevant, compared to neutral, stimuli. Patients showed significantly less activation than controls in sensory association areas such as the bilateral temporal gyri and extrastriate area which may indicate that the patients' attention was diverted from the presented stimuli by being focused on the elicited trauma memory. Being

  15. From provocative narrative scenarios to quantitative biophysical model results: Simulating plausible futures to 2070 in an urbanizing agricultural watershed in Wisconsin, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booth, E.; Chen, X.; Motew, M.; Qiu, J.; Zipper, S. C.; Carpenter, S. R.; Kucharik, C. J.; Steven, L. I.

    2015-12-01

    Scenario analysis is a powerful tool for envisioning future social-ecological change and its consequences on human well-being. Scenarios that integrate qualitative storylines and quantitative biophysical models can create a vivid picture of these potential futures but the integration process is not straightforward. We present - using the Yahara Watershed in southern Wisconsin (USA) as a case study - a method for developing quantitative inputs (climate, land use/cover, and land management) to drive a biophysical modeling suite based on four provocative and contrasting narrative scenarios that describe plausible futures of the watershed to 2070. The modeling suite consists of an agroecosystem model (AgroIBIS-VSF), hydrologic routing model (THMB), and empirical lake water quality model and estimates several biophysical indicators to evaluate the watershed system under each scenario. These indicators include water supply, lake flooding, agricultural production, and lake water quality. Climate (daily precipitation and air temperature) for each scenario was determined using statistics from 210 different downscaled future climate projections for two 20-year time periods (2046-2065 and 2081-2100) and modified using a stochastic weather generator to allow flexibility for matching specific climate events within the scenario narratives. Land use/cover for each scenario was determined first by quantifying changes in areal extent every decade for 15 categories at the watershed scale to be consistent with the storyline events and theme. Next, these changes were spatially distributed using a rule-based framework based on land suitability metrics that determine transition probabilities. Finally, agricultural inputs including manure and fertilizer application rates were determined for each scenario based on the prevalence of livestock, water quality regulations, and technological innovations. Each scenario is compared using model inputs (maps and time-series of land use/cover and

  16. Evaluation of JNJ-54717793 a Novel Brain Penetrant Selective Orexin 1 Receptor Antagonist in Two Rat Models of Panic Attack Provocation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Bonaventure

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Orexin neurons originating in the perifornical and lateral hypothalamic area are highly reactive to anxiogenic stimuli and have strong projections to anxiety and panic-associated circuitry. Recent studies support a role for the orexin system and in particular the orexin 1 receptor (OX1R in coordinating an integrative stress response. However, no selective OX1R antagonist has been systematically tested in two preclinical models of using panicogenic stimuli that induce panic attack in the majority of people with panic disorder, namely an acute hypercapnia-panic provocation model and a model involving chronic inhibition of GABA synthesis in the perifornical hypothalamic area followed by intravenous sodium lactate infusion. Here we report on a novel brain penetrant, selective and high affinity OX1R antagonist JNJ-54717793 (1S,2R,4R-7-([(3-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenylcarbonyl]-N-[5-(trifluoromethylpyrazin-2-yl]-7-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-amine. JNJ-54717793 is a high affinity/potent OX1R antagonist and has an excellent selectivity profile including 50 fold versus the OX2R. Ex vivo receptor binding studies demonstrated that after oral administration JNJ-54717793 crossed the blood brain barrier and occupied OX1Rs in the rat brain. While JNJ-54717793 had minimal effect on spontaneous sleep in rats and in wild-type mice, its administration in OX2R knockout mice, selectively promoted rapid eye movement sleep, demonstrating target engagement and specific OX1R blockade. JNJ-54717793 attenuated CO2 and sodium lactate induced panic-like behaviors and cardiovascular responses without altering baseline locomotor or autonomic activity. These data confirm that selective OX1R antagonism may represent a novel approach of treating anxiety disorders, with no apparent sedative effects.

  17. Noninvasive screening for pheochromocytoma in patients with an incidentally discovered adrenal mass. Usefulness of provocative test with metoclopramide and {sup 131}I-metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yokoyama, Hiroshi; Tsuji, Yuji [Fukuoka Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    1999-10-01

    Pheochromocytoma accounts for approximately 25% of incidentally discovered adrenal masses. Certain diagnostic procedures (e.g., adrenal arteriography, needle biopsy of an adrenal mass), anesthesia and abdominal surgery may cause a sudden release of catecholamines from a pheochromocytoma and induce paroxysmal attacks of hypertension. In addition, pheochromocytoma is well known to cause unsuspected operating room deaths. Therefore, we must carefully separate this functioning neoplasm from other types of adrenal masses. In this study, we compared the results of noninvasive tests including assay of urinary catecholamines and their metabolites, a provocative pharmacologic test using metoclopramide (MCP test), and {sup 131}I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MlBG) scintigraphy to screen for pheochromocytoma in 10 consecutive patients with an incidentally discovered adrenal mass (6 pheochromocytomas and 4 non-functioning adrenocortical adenomas). We measured the 24-hour urinary excretion of catecholamines, metanephrines and vanillyl mandelic acid in all 10 patients; 5 were positive, 4 were negative and 1 was false-negative (sensitivity=83%, specificity=100%). The MCP test was performed in 7 patients; 3 were positive, 3 were negative and 1 was false-negative (sensitivity=75%, specificity=100%). MIBG scintigraphy was performed in 7 patients; 4 were positive, 1 was negative and 2 were false-negative (sensitivity=67%, specificity=100%). According to these results, all patients with an incidentally discovered adrenal mass should undergo a determination of the 24-hour urinary excretion of catecholamines and their metabolites, including metanephrines. If this urine assay is negative, other noninvasive tests including the MCP test and MIBG scintigraphy should be considered in selected patients with radiographic characteristics of pheochromocytoma. (author)

  18. Metaphors among titles of medical publications: an observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippa Mungra

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we attempted to determine the frequency and types of metaphors in a corpus of titles from a single medical journal collected over one year. The frequency of metaphor tokens (4.6% was highest among editorials and other opinion articles and consisted predominantly of primary metaphors, which require explanation using a visual, cultural or other physical vehicle. When the metaphor was used only in the title and not in the body of the text, as was common in letters to the editor or in editorials, the metaphor may constitute a para-textual device used for engaging the reader. Other metaphors among research article titles were present not only in the title, but also used repeatedly in the body of the text. Among these research articles, metaphors were frequently used to endow the focus words of the metaphor with a precise and meaningful significance which, when used repeatedly in the text, may constitute a mechanism by which sub-technical language or internal jargon may arise. Being syntactically simple but endowed with a high communicative import, titles as a text type may help improve academic literacy, among beginners.

  19. 29 CFR 1601.91 - Request for title VII interpretation or opinion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Request for title VII interpretation or opinion. 1601.91... PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS Title VII Interpretations and Opinions by the Commission § 1601.91 Request for title VII interpretation or opinion. Any interested person desiring a written title VII interpretation or...

  20. 32 CFR 644.104 - Procurement of deed and title assembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Procurement of deed and title assembly. 644.104... Procurement of deed and title assembly. In any case in which the Court determines that the United States has... Division, Department of Justice. The title assembly and final title opinion should be forwarded to HQDA...