Sample records for program hamburg dam

  1. [Model study programs in medicine : Innovations in medical education in Hamburg and Berlin]. (United States)

    Guse, Andreas H; Kuhlmey, Adelheid


    Medical science is constantly evolving. Teaching and training must keep pace with these innovations and react in a flexible fashion to new requirements. Model medical education programs, which are governed by the provisions of Sect. 41 of the Regulations for the Licensing of Medical Practitioners (ÄAppO), permit the piloting of innovative teaching programs, which support the continuous development of medical training through incorporation into the standard curricula. This paper reports on the model study programs at the University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf (iMED) and Charité - University Medicine Berlin (MSM). It describes the reform objectives, the curricula and selected projects accompanying both models and concludes by exploring the significance of various training concepts for the development of medical education.

  2. McNary Dam, Ice Harbor Dam, and Lower Monumental Dam Smolt Monitoring Program; 1996 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hillson, Todd; Lind, Sharon; Price, William (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)


    The Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife (WDFW) assumed responsibility for the Smolt Monitoring Program at McNary Dam on the Columbia River in 1990 and at the new juvenile collection facility at Lower Monumental Dam on the Snake River in 1993. In 1996, Smolt Monitoring Program activities also began at the new juvenile collection facility located at Ice Harbor Dam. This report summarizes the 1996 Smolt Monitoring work at all three sites. The work at Ice Harbor consisted of Gas Bubble Trauma (GBT) monitoring only. In general, the 1996 passage season at both the McNary and Lower Monumental sites can be characterized by reduced passage of juveniles through the collection systems due to elevated river flows and spill, and low (<1%) overall facility mortality rates most likely resulting from cooler water temperatures. In accordance with the National Marine Fisheries Service recommendations (NMFS, 1995) all spring migrants were bypassed at McNary Dam in 1996. Mechanical problems within the McNary collection system resulted in collection and sampling activities being delayed until April 18 at this site, while sampling and collection began on the scheduled starting date of April 1 at Lower Monumental Dam. Monitoring operations were conducted through December 14 at McNary Dam and through October 28 at Lower Monumental Dam. An ongoing transportation evaluation summer migrant marking program was conducted at McNary Dam in 1996 by the NMFS. This necessitated the sampling of 394,211 additional fish beyond the recommended sampling guidelines. All total, 509,237 and 31,219 juvenile salmonids were anesthetized and individually counted, examined for scale loss, injuries, and brands by WDFW Smolt Monitoring personnel in 1996 at McNary Dam and Lower Monumental Dam, respectively.

  3. Dams (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — This dataset �is generated from from the Vermont Dam Inventory (VDI). The VDI is managed by the VT DEC's Dam Safety and Hydrology Section and contains information...

  4. National Program of Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. (United States)


    inhabitants were informed by the media or local officials, the inspection program had little impact. When downstream residents were made fully aware of the... edad of A inet’ca ipt Coe~re aseiN , That the te rme ibts grs f ton. adagn" u used in thia Act means any artificial barrier, iiicludire *po is perit...performance, etc., for defining a comprehensive national dam safety program. (g) Responding to Congressional, media , scientific and engineering

  5. Hamburger hazards and emotions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Nina Veflen; Røssvoll, Elin; Langsrud, Solveig


    Previous studies indicate that many consumers eat rare hamburgers and that information about microbiological hazards related to undercooked meat not necessarily leads to more responsible behavior.With this study we aim to investigate whether consumers’ willingness to eat hamburgers depends...... on the emotions they experience when confronted with the food. A representative sample of 1046 Norwegian consumers participated in an online experiment. In the first part, participants were randomly divided into two groups. One group was confronted with a picture of a rare hamburger, whereas the other group...... was confronted with a picture of a well-done hamburger. The respondents were instructed to imagine that they were served the hamburger on the picture and then to indicate which emotions they experienced: fear, disgust, surprise, interest, pleasure, or none of these. In part two, all respondents were confronted...

  6. Hamburger hazards and emotions. (United States)

    Olsen, Nina Veflen; Røssvoll, Elin; Langsrud, Solveig; Scholderer, Joachim


    Previous studies indicate that many consumers eat rare hamburgers and that information about microbiological hazards related to undercooked meat not necessarily leads to more responsible behavior. With this study we aim to investigate whether consumers' willingness to eat hamburgers depends on the emotions they experience when confronted with the food. A representative sample of 1046 Norwegian consumers participated in an online experiment. In the first part, participants were randomly divided into two groups. One group was confronted with a picture of a rare hamburger, whereas the other group was confronted with a picture of a well-done hamburger. The respondents were instructed to imagine that they were served the hamburger on the picture and then to indicate which emotions they experienced: fear, disgust, surprise, interest, pleasure, or none of these. In part two, all respondents were confronted with four pictures of hamburgers cooked to different degrees of doneness (rare, medium rare, medium well-done, well-done), and were asked to state their likelihood of eating. We analyzed the data by means of a multivariate probit model and two linear fixed-effect models. The results show that confrontation with rare hamburgers evokes more fear and disgust than confrontation with well-done hamburgers, that all hamburgers trigger pleasure and interest, and that a consumer's willingness to eat rare hamburgers depends on the particular type of emotion evoked. These findings indicate that emotions play an important role in a consumer's likelihood of eating risky food, and should be considered when developing food safety strategies. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Hamburg kui hiiglaslik ehitustander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    6. novembrist Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis Rotermanni soolalaos näitus "arcHH - Architektur made in Hamburg", mis esitleb Hamburgi arhitektide viimase viie aasta loomingut. Näituse koostaja Dirk Meyhöfer, arhitekt Michael Karassowitch

  8. Surprise and opportunity for learning in Grand Canyon: the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program (United States)

    Melis, Theodore S.; Walters, Carl; Korman, Josh


    With a focus on resources of the Colorado River ecosystem below Glen Canyon Dam, the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program has included a variety of experimental policy tests, ranging from manipulation of water releases from the dam to removal of non-native fish within Grand Canyon National Park. None of these field-scale experiments has yet produced unambiguous results in terms of management prescriptions. But there has been adaptive learning, mostly from unanticipated or surprising resource responses relative to predictions from ecosystem modeling. Surprise learning opportunities may often be viewed with dismay by some stakeholders who might not be clear about the purpose of science and modeling in adaptive management. However, the experimental results from the Glen Canyon Dam program actually represent scientific successes in terms of revealing new opportunities for developing better river management policies. A new long-term experimental management planning process for Glen Canyon Dam operations, started in 2011 by the U.S. Department of the Interior, provides an opportunity to refocus management objectives, identify and evaluate key uncertainties about the influence of dam releases, and refine monitoring for learning over the next several decades. Adaptive learning since 1995 is critical input to this long-term planning effort. Embracing uncertainty and surprise outcomes revealed by monitoring and ecosystem modeling will likely continue the advancement of resource objectives below the dam, and may also promote efficient learning in other complex programs.

  9. Surprise and Opportunity for Learning in Grand Canyon: the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theodore S. Melis


    Full Text Available With a focus on resources of the Colorado River ecosystem below Glen Canyon Dam, the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program has included a variety of experimental policy tests, ranging from manipulation of water releases from the dam to removal of non-native fish within Grand Canyon National Park. None of these field-scale experiments has yet produced unambiguous results in terms of management prescriptions. But there has been adaptive learning, mostly from unanticipated or surprising resource responses relative to predictions from ecosystem modeling. Surprise learning opportunities may often be viewed with dismay by some stakeholders who might not be clear about the purpose of science and modeling in adaptive management. However, the experimental results from the Glen Canyon Dam program actually represent scientific successes in terms of revealing new opportunities for developing better river management policies. A new long-term experimental management planning process for Glen Canyon Dam operations, started in 2011 by the U.S. Department of the Interior, provides an opportunity to refocus management objectives, identify and evaluate key uncertainties about the influence of dam releases, and refine monitoring for learning over the next several decades. Adaptive learning since 1995 is critical input to this long-term planning effort. Embracing uncertainty and surprise outcomes revealed by monitoring and ecosystem modeling will likely continue the advancement of resource objectives below the dam, and may also promote efficient learning in other complex programs.

  10. Geotechnical advances in BC Hydro's Dam Safety Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lum, K.Y.; Garner, S.J. [BC Hydro, Burnaby, BC (Canada)


    BC Hydro operates 74 dams at 41 sites throughout British Columbia, providing hydroelectric power, domestic and irrigation water, recreational use and flood control to the province. Dam safety challenges in the fields of liquefaction, piping and risk assessment, have provided BC Hydro with the opportunity to participate and contribute to the development of geotechnical engineering practices in the local, national and international arenas. This paper discussed BC Hydro's contributions to the advancement of geotechnical engineering through its Dam Safety Program including the development of the Becker Penetration Test; liquefaction analyses; the remediation of earthfill dams; the understanding of piping and internal instability; the field of risk and uncertainty in dam safety; and, monitoring and assessing the performances of earthfill dams. Future challenges were also presented and discussed, with reference to the need to better understand and manage the potential ramifications of the recent trends in escalating earthquake criteria and continued improvements in managing internal erosion risks for dam safety. 43 refs., 8 figs.

  11. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Weston Reservoir Dam (MA 00798), Charles River Basin, Weston, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    MASSACHUSETTS In’ In I- WESTON RESERVOIR DAM MA 00798 PHASE I INSPECTION REPORT NATIONAL DAM INSPECTION PROGRAM Copy avcailabl, to DTIC does nol Punk MIT...Vegetation on Slopes Heavy growth on d/s slope U/s slope mowed Sloughing or Erosion of Slopes or Abutments Slight undulations @d/s toe Rock Slope Protection...CONDITIONS OUTLET WORKS - SPILLWAY WEIR, APPROACH AND DISCHARGE CHANNELS a. Approach Channel Not Applicable General Condition Not Applicable Loose Rock

  12. Application of genetic programming in shape optimization of concrete gravity dams by metaheuristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdolhossein Baghlani


    Full Text Available A gravity dam maintains its stability against the external loads by its massive size. Hence, minimization of the weight of the dam can remarkably reduce the construction costs. In this paper, a procedure for finding optimal shape of concrete gravity dams with a computationally efficient approach is introduced. Genetic programming (GP in conjunction with metaheuristics is used for this purpose. As a case study, shape optimization of the Bluestone dam is presented. Pseudo-dynamic analysis is carried out on a total number of 322 models in order to establish a database of the results. This database is then used to find appropriate relations based on GP for design criteria of the dam. This procedure eliminates the necessity of the time-consuming process of structural analyses in evolutionary optimization methods. The method is hybridized with three different metaheuristics, including particle swarm optimization, firefly algorithm (FA, and teaching–learning-based optimization, and a comparison is made. The results show that although all algorithms are very suitable, FA is slightly superior to other two algorithms in finding a lighter structure in less number of iterations. The proposed method reduces the weight of dam up to 14.6% with very low computational effort.

  13. 76 FR 584 - Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program Work Group (AMWG) (United States)


    ... Bureau of Reclamation Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program Work Group (AMWG) AGENCY: Bureau of... Management Work Group (AMWG), a technical work group (TWG), a Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center.... Glen Knowles, Chief, Adaptive Management Work Group, Environmental Resources Division, Upper Colorado...

  14. National Dam Inspection Program. SCS PA 477 (NDS I.D. Number PA 00720, DER I.D. Number 6-457), Delaware River Basin, Tributary of Mill Creek. Berks County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)


    is one of three dams built on the Kaercher Creek Watershed to provide flood protection to the Borough of Hamburg. 2 g. Design and Construction History...two single-purpose flood control dams and one multi-purpose dam which form the protection for the Kaercher Creek Watershed. Congress approved the...P1A""S - - _ _ 13 %;t- SCALE -r. KAERCHER CREEK WATERSHED PROJE FLOODWATER RETARDING DAM PA-47? AL 191(1- OFfitSERKS COUNTY,. PENNSYLVANA *1 tw( i

  15. National Dam Safety Program. Fairview Lake Dam (MO 10976), Missouri - Kansas City Basin. Boone County, Missouri. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    Mr. Carl Hulen , the original owner, indicated that the dam was constructed during 1947-1948 by the Bill Goodson Construction Co. h. Normal Operating...available. 2.2 CONSTRUCTION The dam was constructed in 1947 and 1948 by the Bill Goods6n Construction Company. The original owner (Mr. Carl Hulen ) reported

  16. National Dam Inspection Program. Converse Lake Dam (CT 00044). Connecticut Coastal Basin, Greenwich, Connecticut. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    Rosenstiel Estate. S-: f. Operator - Mr. Fredrick Jansen (Estate Superintendent) (203)661-9168 -’ .g. Purpose of Dam - Recreational - The dam was originally...cut from the downstream slope of the dam by Mr. Jansen , the estate superintendent. N 4.3 MAINTENANCE OF OPERATING FACILITIES ft There is no known...a bre in the blooi’pn.Ts cn o esosn ,71 ncut drainn theo lake or e;: v.atng7 oac C" t J C n o -2 alor A’J 1 Ian toWld that a considerable flow

  17. National Dam Safety Program. Hall Dam (MO 11038), Missouri - Nemaha - Nodaway Basin, Atchison County, Missouri. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    entries for cataloging, conforming to standard terminology. The DoD "Thesaurus of Engineering and Scientific Terms" ( TEST ), AD-672 000, can be helpful...downstream from the dam through the center of Rockport to Rock Creek. 4ithin the damage zone are five dwell- ings, two commercial buildings and State...physical data are given in paragraph 1.3 below. b. Location. The dam is located in the west central portion of Atchison County just west of Rockport

  18. Phase I Inspection Report. National Dam Safety Program, Boonton Dam and Parsippany Dike, Morris County, New Jersey. (United States)


    inspection for Boonton Dam, Parsippany Dike and reservoir, was conducted on April 14, 1978. The air temperature was about 50 F with partly cloudy skies...operating procedures, the gates are raised in the spring and lowered in the fall. e. Seismic Stability - The dam is located in the Triassic Highlands...physiographic subprovince of northern New Jersey and is founded on fine to medium grained, red sandstone and shale of the Triassic Newark Group

  19. National Dam Safety Program. Moore Dam, (Inventory Number VA 14323), Roanoke River Basin, Pittsylvania County, Virginia. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    and clear, with a temperature of 500F. Ground conditions were moist. The reservoir elevation was at 100 feet TBM. The principal spillway consists of a...8217 . SECTION 6 DAM STABILITY 6.1 Foundation and Abutments: The Moore Dam is located in an area underlain by sedimentary rocks of Triassic Age...within the "* Piedmont physiographic province. These Triassic sedimentary rocks include shales, sandstones, and conglomerates of continental origin. No

  20. National Dam Safety Program. Edmondson Dam (Inventory Number VA 19103), Tennessee River Basin, Washington County, Virginia, Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    to the construction methods used for the dam. Large filler stone appears to 3-1 have been placed in the concrete . It is unknown whether this stone was... concrete structure and rock b. Rate of soluability of the limestone and dolomite. c. Rate of sinkhole development 7-1 d. Mapping of jointing and bedding...Stream: Middle Fork Holston River Date of Inspection: 5 June 1980 Edmondson Dam is a concrete gravity structure approximately 378 feet long and 47 feet

  1. The Glen Canyon Dam adaptive management program: progress and immediate challenges (United States)

    Hamill, John F.; Melis, Theodore S.; Boon, Philip J.; Raven, Paul J.


    Adaptive management emerged as an important resource management strategy for major river systems in the United States (US) in the early 1990s. The Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program (‘the Program’) was formally established in 1997 to fulfill a statutory requirement in the 1992 Grand Canyon Protection Act (GCPA). The GCPA aimed to improve natural resource conditions in the Colorado River corridor in the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area and Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona that were affected by the Glen Canyon dam. The Program achieves this by using science and a variety of stakeholder perspectives to inform decisions about dam operations. Since the Program started the ecosystem is now much better understood and several biological and physical improvements have been achieved. These improvements include: (i) an estimated 50% increase in the adult population of endangered humpback chub (Gila cypha) between 2001 and 2008, following previous decline; (ii) a 90% decrease in non-native rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), which are known to compete with and prey on native fish, as a result of removal experiments; and (iii) the widespread reappearance of sandbars in response to an experimental high-flow release of dam water in March 2008.Although substantial progress has been made, the Program faces several immediate challenges. These include: (i) defining specific, measurable objectives and desired future conditions for important natural, cultural and recreational attributes to inform science and management decisions; (ii) implementing structural and operational changes to improve collaboration among stakeholders; (iii) establishing a long-term experimental programme and management plan; and (iv) securing long-term funding for monitoring programmes to assess ecosystem and other responses to management actions. Addressing these challenges and building on recent progress will require strong and consistent leadership from the US Department of the Interior

  2. Rubber dam use: a survey of pediatric dentistry training programs and private practitioners. (United States)

    Slawinski, David; Wilson, Stephen


    The benefits of the rubber dam (RD) are well known, but little data on utilization is available. This study's purpose was to evaluate the use of the rubber dam comparing survey responses of postgraduate pediatric dental residency program directors to privately practicing pediatric dentists. This prospective, Institutional Review Board-approved, survey-based study was sent to 75 current directors of pediatric dentistry postgraduate programs and a random sample of 200 practicing pediatric dentists identified through a computer-generated process. A 22-item survey was developed, pilot tested, and attached to an e-mail sent to the study sample. Surveys were posted and managed at: "". One hundred fifteen respondents completed the survey. Fifty-six (75%) were program directors, and 59 (30%) were private practitioners. Most respondents felt that the use of RD is considered a standard of care and was emphasized during training. More than 80% stated that they use the RD either always or frequently during daily practice. The most common factors for and against the use of RD were maintaining a dry field and patient anxieties and potential for painful stimulus, respectively. This study's results suggest that the use of rubber dams: (1) is considered a standard of care in pediatric dentistry; and (2) may be modified, depending on procedural and/or patient factors.

  3. Lower Granite Dam Smolt Monitoring Program, 1998 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verhey, Peter; Ross, Doug; Morrill, Charles (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)


    The 1998 fish collection season at Lower Granite was characterized by relatively moderate spring flows and spill, moderate levels of debris, cool spring, warm summer and fall water temperatures, and increased chinook numbers, particularly wild subyearling chinook collected and transported. The Fish Passage Center's Smolt Monitoring Program is designed to provide a consistent, real-time database on fish passage and document the migrational characteristics of the many stocks of salmon and steelhead in the Columbia Basin.

  4. Lower Granite Dam Smolt Monitoring Program; 1997 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verhey, Peter; Witalis, Shirley; Morrill, Charles (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)


    The 1997 fish collection season at Lower Granite was characterized by high spring flows, extensive spill, cool spring and early summer water temperatures and comparatively low numbers of fish, particularly yearling chinook. The Fish Passage Center's Smolt Monitoring Program is designed to provide a consistent, real-time database of fish passage and document the migrational characteristics of the many stocks of salmon and steelhead in the Columbia Basin.

  5. Human and organizational factors in implementing a security program for dams and powerhouses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cattanach, D.; Stanley, P. [BC Hydro, Burnaby, BC (Canada)


    This paper discussed issues related to the implementation of a security program for dams and powerhouses owned by BC Hydro. The program was developed as a result of increased threats and acts of theft and vandalism involving the utility's assets. A system-wide security risk assessment was conducted before the development of a multi-year program designed to reduce security risk. The security program included policy and guideline development, implementation, monitoring, and response components. A security perimeter was defined for dam facilities in order to control access, detect, and assess unauthorized entries. Emergency response plans were also reviewed. The study demonstrated that organizational, human, and technical factors play a significant role in security breaches at generation sites. The program included a homes for gnomes program, in which a garden gnome was left at a critical asset as an indicator that the site had been successfully penetrated by personnel unknown to the site. The program is intended to ensure that generation facilities will benefit from safer and more secure working environments. 6 figs.

  6. National Dam Safety Program. Siegmund Lake Dam (MO-30520), Missouri - Kansas City Basin. Warren County, Missouri. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    study as indicated in Section 5. Seepage and stability analyses comparable to the requirements of "Recommended Guidelines for Safety Inspection of Dams...lake outflow resulting from a storm of probable maximum flood magnitude, the recommended spillway design flood for this dam. In either case , the...ISTAQ ICOI’P IECON ITAPE JPT JPRTI IW( ISTAGE IAUTO INFLOW 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 HYDROGIdAP DATA IIYDG ILi4G TREA SA TRSDA TRSPC RATIO I S" ISAME LOCX. 1 2

  7. Surprise and Opportunity for Learning in Grand Canyon: the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program (United States)

    Melis, T. S.; Walters, C. J.; Korman, J.


    With a focus on resources of the Colorado River ecosystem downstream of Glen Canyon Dam in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area (GCNRA) and Grand Canyon National Park (GCNP) of northern Arizona, the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program has evaluated experimental flow and nonflow policy tests since 1990. Flow experiments have consisted of a variety of water releases from the dam within pre-existing annual downstream delivery agreements. The daily experimental dam operation, termed the Modified Low Fluctuating Flow (MLFF), implemented in 1996 to increase daily low flows and decrease daily peaks were intended to limit daily flow range to conserve tributary sand inputs and improve navigation among other objectives, including hydropower energy. Other flow tests have included controlled floods with some larger releases bypassing the dam's hydropower plant to rebuild and maintain eroded sandbars in GCNP. Experimental daily hydropeaking tests beyond MLFF have also been evaluated for managing the exotic recreational rainbow trout fishery in the dam's GCNRA tailwater. Experimental nonflow policies, such as physical removal of exotic fish below the tailwater, and experimental translocation of endangered native humpback chub from spawning habitats in the Little Colorado River (the largest natal origin site for chub in the basin) to other tributaries within GCNP have also been monitored. None of these large-scale field experiments has yet produced unambiguous results in terms of management prescriptions, owing to inadequate monitoring programs and confounding of treatment effects with effects of ongoing natural changes; most notably, a persistent warming of the river resulting from reduced storage in the dam's reservoir after 2003. But there have been several surprising results relative to predictions from models developed to identify monitoring needs and evaluate experimental design options at the start of the adaptive ecosystem assessment and management program in 1997

  8. Climate Education at the University of Hamburg (United States)

    Dilly, Oliver; Stammer, Detlef; Pfeiffer, Eva-Maria


    The new graduate School of Integrated Climate Sciences ( at the KlimaCampus of the University of Hamburg was opened at October 20, 2009 and includes a 2-yr MSc (120 ECTS, 30 compulsory, 90 eligible) and 3-yr doctoral program (12 ECTS). About 40 students were enrolled in early 2010. The interdisciplinary MSc program is based on a number of disciplines such as meteorology, geophysics, oceanography, geosciences and also economics and social sciences. These disciplines are required to address the faced key issues related to climate change effectively. The graduate school is guiding pupils and BSc students with competence in maths and physics on how to become a climate expert. Acquisition is done internationally at fairs, uni days and dircectly at schools and intuitions for higher education. BSc degree in the disciplines listed above is set for positive application. Climate experts are needed for both research and the professional world outside the university and research institutions. In accordance, connection within and outside the university are continuously explored and soft skills for the communication to politics and the public's are included in the MSc and PhD curricula. Since the graduate school was established within the cluster of excellence ‘Integrated Climate Analysis and Predication' (, this school represents a prototype for graduate programs at the University of Hamburg. Advantages and limitations of this Climate System School concept will be discussed.

  9. National Dam Safety Program. Lake Winnebago Dam (MO 20312), Missouri - Kansas City Basin, Cass County, Missouri. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    of maximum pool - 12.000 feet * (2) Length of normal pool - 10,100 feet + 3 e Storage (Acre- teet ) ti) Top of dam - 7,150 1) LiEergency spillway banks are covered with brush and trees. 3.2 EVALUATION The riprap should be maintained on the upstream slope in order to remain adequate. Cutting...of the grass and brush on the embankment should be continued. The seepage does not appear likely to become a problem. The erosion may be a problem in

  10. DAM Safety and Deformation Monitoring in Dams (United States)

    Kalkan, Y.; Bilgi, S.; Potts, L.; Miiama, J.; Mahgoub, M.; Rahman, S.


    Water is the life and necessity to water is increasing day by day with respect to the World population, rising of living standards and destruction of nature. Thus, the importance of water and water structures have been increasing gradually. Dams are among the most important engineering structures used for water supplies, flood controls, agricultural purposes as well as drinking and hydroelectric power. There are about 150.000 large size dams in the World. Especially after the Second World War, higher and larger capacity dams have been constructed. Dams create certain risks like the other manmade structures. No one knows precisely how many dam failures have occurred in the World, whereas hundreds of dam failures have occurred throughout the U.S. history. Some basic physical data are very important for assessing the safety and performance of dams. These are movement, water pressure, seepage, reservoir and tail-water elevations, local seismic activities, total pressure, stress and strain, internal concrete temperature, ambient temperature and precipitation. These physical data are measured and monitored by the instruments and equipment. Dams and their surroundings have to be monitored by using essential methods at periodic time intervals in order to determine the possible changes that may occur over the time. Monitoring programs typically consist of; surveillance or visual observation. These programs on dams provide information for evaluating the dam's performance related to the design intent and expected changes that could affect the safety performance of the dam. Additionally, these programs are used for investigating and evaluating the abnormal or degrading performance where any remedial action is necessary. Geodetic and non-geodetic methods are used for monitoring. Monitoring the performance of the dams is critical for producing and maintaining the safe dams. This study provides some information, safety and the techniques about the deformation monitoring of the

  11. Libby Mitigation Program, 2007 Annual Progress Report: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunnigan, James; DeShazer, J.; Garrow, L.


    Libby Reservoir was created under an International Columbia River Treaty between the United States and Canada for cooperative water development of the Columbia River Basin (Columbia River Treaty 1964). Libby Reservoir inundated 109 stream miles of the mainstem Kootenai River in the United States and Canada, and 40 miles of tributary streams in the U.S. that provided habitat for spawning, juvenile rearing, and migratory passage (Figure 1). The authorized purpose of the dam is to provide power (91.5%), flood control (8.3%), and navigation and other benefits (0.2%; Storm et al. 1982). The Pacific Northwest Power Act of 1980 recognized possible conflicts stemming from hydroelectric projects in the northwest and directed Bonneville Power Administration to 'protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife to the extent affected by the development and operation of any hydroelectric project of the Columbia River and its tributaries' (4(h)(10)(A)). Under the Act, the Northwest Power Planning Council was created and recommendations for a comprehensive fish and wildlife program were solicited from the region's federal, state, and tribal fish and wildlife agencies. Among Montana's recommendations was the proposal that research be initiated to quantify acceptable seasonal minimum pool elevations to maintain or enhance the existing fisheries (Graham et al. 1982). Research to determine how operations of Libby Dam affect the reservoir and river fishery and to suggest ways to lessen these effects began in May 1983. The framework for the Libby Reservoir Model (LRMOD) was completed in 1989. Development of Integrated Rule Curves (IRCs) for Libby Dam operation was completed in 1996 (Marotz et al. 1996). The Libby Reservoir Model and the IRCs continue to be refined (Marotz et al 1999). Initiation of mitigation projects such as lake rehabilitation and stream restoration began in 1996. The primary focus of the Libby Mitigation project now is to restore the fisheries

  12. National Dam Safety Program. Perdido Dam (MO 31042), White River Basin, Reynolds County, Missouri. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    The riprap on the upstream embankment slope is providing excellent protection for the embankment material. No degradation due to weathering of the...10 .00 .L \\ >S,*. It E toz I~~~~o 1 @~N0 OPV LOCATEO MAP IPERDIDO DAM REYNOLDS COUNTY, MISSOURI -J U L0 0 u z 0 0 0 Ki > (n t -j uI-- wL- kLu wi...Rf S/O;A’ea~- /it6RF_- uv F4k1.rhnw P-OR /40 Y4f.R F4vvoO F-ee /R19, 5, Kj - - ~//-77 ~ ./6t,. Y~O S7 cF5 ........ V . I

  13. National Program of Inspection of Dams. Volume 5. Appendix F. Inventory of Dams in the United States. Section IV. Index (United States)


    Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico , New York, North Carolina, North Dakota and Ohio IV Appendix F, Inventory of Dams in the United States Section III...c*e e e .. A * * ec e c .cA4 AA 4cAA g 44 . .c-9W 4A 9 9 .1 W 4ce ftAec44ZW q 1 4 4 wA K 1/1 ececs .., cc.* zc Segeececc cc e zgeee zg* CCO * ecec =e e . .2. Ic mmm ;A -4.g.A ;gee - tm.. = Yee -m.. *tj c * X e W. Lw .. 0em Zmeme ýý Zccc.C..; .-le .ýj -1 Weg,~~~~~~~ mem w it cm Xee we . el

  14. National Dam Inspection Program. SCS PA-476 (NDS-I.D. Number PA 00719, DER I.D. Number 6-456), Delaware River Basin, Tributary of Mill Creek, Berks County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)


    dam is flood control. This structure is one of three dams built in the Kaercher Creek Watershed to provide flood protection for the Borough of Hamburg...Water is also used for irrigation on the farm adjacent to the reservoir. g. Design and Construction History. The Kaercher Creek Watershed project...A..D jfdf ta.-. A7_ WXW Bla’ = 1aU. 79 w~~~~[1-- eiw wj ,Ul S"lF U*"-11 WV A4V*T 5- - -ow?" .~V L - * £. AV lfIAr Atrm rUw’wF lo w rjo KAERCHER

  15. Formative Studies of First Year of the Competency-Based Field Center for Teacher Education at Hamburg, New York. (United States)

    Bicknell, J. E.; And Others

    This report describes the first-year progress of the Fredonia/Hamburg Teacher Education Center and is concerned with aspects of the general format, program, and organization of the center. Chapter one defines and discusses the development of competency-based programs and describes the purpose of the Teacher Education Center at Fredonia/Hamburg.…

  16. National Dam Safety Program. West Millpond Dam (NY 01060), Mohawk River Basin, City of Gloversville, Fulton County, New York. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)


    left of the spillway (a portion of this building ex- tends over the downstream channel about 50 feet from the dam); several tannery buildings about 800 feet from the dam. Further downstream from the dam the stream flows through residential and industrial areas of the City of Gloversville

  17. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Bethlehem Dam (NH 00279), Connecticut River Basin, Bethlehem, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    changing internal and external conditions, and is evolutionary in nature. It would be incorrect to assume that the present condition of the dam will...the dam. 4. The construction of a new wastegate on the right end of the dam. 5. The setting of all iron work, gate frames, anchor bolts, etc...Length ........................................ Turbines Number ....................... : Makers . . .- ..................... Rating HP. per

  18. Dams designed to fail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Penman, A. [Geotechnical Engineering Consultants, Harpenden (United Kingdom)


    New developments in geotechnical engineering have led to methods for designing and constructing safe embankment dams. Failed dams can be categorized as those designed to fail, and those that have failed unexpectedly. This presentation outlined 3 dam failures: the 61 m high Malpasset Dam in France in 1959 which killed 421; the 71 m high Baldwin Hills Dam in the United States in 1963 which killed 5; and, the Vajont Dam in Italy in 1963 which killed 2,600 people. Following these incidents, the International Commission for Large Dams (ICOLD) reviewed regulations on reservoir safety. The 3 dams were found to have inadequate spillways and their failures were due to faults in their design. Fuse plug spillways, which address this problem, are designed to fail if an existing spillway proves inadequate. They allow additional discharge to prevent overtopping of the embankment dam. This solution can only be used if there is an adjacent valley to take the additional discharge. Examples of fuse gates were presented along with their effect on dam safety. A research program is currently underway in Norway in which high embankment dams are being studied for overtopping failure and failure due to internal erosion. Internal erosion has been the main reason why dams have failed unexpectedly. To prevent failures, designers suggested the use of a clay blanket placed under the upstream shoulder. However, for dams with soft clay cores, these underblankets could provide a route for a slip surface and that could lead to failure of the upstream shoulder. It was concluded that a safe arrangement for embankment dams includes the use of tipping gates or overturning gates which always fail at a required flood water level. Many have been installed in old and new dams around the world. 14 refs., 19 figs.

  19. 33 CFR 222.6 - National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. (United States)


    ... D to this section). Expanded Guidance for Hydrologic and Hydraulic Assessment of Dams is provided in.... U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Regulatory Commission DOE FERC d. Tennessee Valley...—Hydrologic and Hydraulic Assessment of Dams 1. Phase I inspections are not intended to provide detailed...

  20. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Avery Dam (NH 00465), NHWRB 130.02, Merrimack River Basin, Laconia, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    Winnipesaukee River, is used to con- trol the level of Opechee Bay as the discharge from Lake Winni- pesaukee through the upstream Lakeport Dam varies. The 374...i s square mile drainage area of gently to steeply sloping forest includes the 363 square mile Lake Winnipesaukee drainage area. The dam’s maximum...discharge from Lake Winnipesaukee through the upstream dam at Lakeport varies with the weather and channel conditions. (h) Design and Construction History

  1. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Lochmere Dam (NH 00015), NHWRB 21.07, Merrimack River Basin, Belmont, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    con- figuration in 1976. . The dam, which lies on the Winnipesaukee River and impounds Lake Winnisquam, is used primarily to maintain the lake for...islands . - in Lake Winnipesaukee . (b) Discharge at Dam Site (1) Outlet Works The outlet works at the dam consist of the six 4 feet, 1 inch wide by 2...above the narrow channel outflow of Lake Winnipesaukee at the Weirs. The surface area of Lake Winnipesaukee is 76 square miles and thus represents 22

  2. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Lake Kanasatka Dam (NH 00125) Merrimack River Basin, Moultonboro, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    DAMS, INSPECTION, DAM SAFETY, Merrimack River Basin Moultonboro, New Hampshire Tributary to Lake Winnipesaukee 20. ABSTRACT (Conaiw,.en aeveta...Blackey ,ve portion of Lake Winnipesaukee . The elevation difference ttween the normal water surfaces of Lake Kanasatka and Lke Winnipesaukee is...approximately 1,800 ft. downstream of the dam on the shore of Lake Winnipesaukee . Although the homes are located on the fringe of the impact area, one

  3. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Miller Pond Dam (CT 00154), Thames River Basin, Waterford, Connecticut. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)



  4. Lower Granite Dam Smolt Monitoring Program, Annual Report 2005-2006.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menski, Fred


    The 2005 fish collection season at Lower Granite Dam (LGR) was characterized by average water temperatures, below average flows, above average spill, low levels of debris and the record number of smolts collected compared to the previous five years. With the continued release of unclipped supplementation chinook and steelhead above LGR, we cannot accurately distinguish wild chinook, steelhead, and sockeye/kokanee in the sample. For the purposes of this report we will designate fish as clipped and unclipped. This season a total of 13,030,967 juvenile salmonids were collected at LGR. Of these, 12,099,019 were transported to release sites below Bonneville Dam, 12,032,623 by barge and 66,396 by truck. An additional 898,235 fish were bypassed to the river due to over-capacity of the raceways, barges or trucks and for research purposes. This was the first season of summer spill at LGR. Spill was initiated at 12:01am June 20 as directed by the ruling set forth by Judge James Redden of the United States District Court (Order CV 01-640-RE). In addition, the Lower Granite project also conducted a summer spill test alternating spill and spill patterns between spill to the gas cap without the removable spillway weir (RSW) and spill with up to 20 kcfs utilizing the RSW. Because of the forecast low flow this year, most hatchery reared subyearling fall chinook were released up to three weeks early. With the unexpected high flows in late May and early June, more than 90% of the subyearling chinook were collected prior to the initiation of the court ordered summer spill program. Collection number fluctuations reflect river flow and project operations for any given year. For example, low flow years (2001, 2004 and 2005) result in higher collection numbers. Court ordered spill throughout the summer migration will directly affect collection of fall subyearling chinook collection numbers. The editors of this report urge the reader to use caution when comparing fish collection numbers

  5. Lower Granite Dam Smolt Monitoring Program, 2005-2006 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mensik, Fred; Rapp, Shawn; Ross, Doug (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)


    The 2005 fish collection season at Lower Granite Dam (LGR) was characterized by average water temperatures, below average flows, above average spill, low levels of debris and the record number of smolts collected compared to the previous five years. With the continued release of unclipped supplementation chinook and steelhead above LGR, we cannot accurately distinguish wild chinook, steelhead, and sockeye/kokanee in the sample. For the purposes of this report we will designate fish as clipped and unclipped. This season a total of 13,030,967 juvenile salmonids were collected at LGR. Of these, 12,099,019 were transported to release sites below Bonneville Dam, 12,032,623 by barge and 66,396 by truck. An additional 898,235 fish were bypassed to the river due to over-capacity of the raceways, barges or trucks and for research purposes. This was the first season of summer spill at LGR. Spill was initiated at 12:01am June 20 as directed by the ruling set forth by Judge James Redden of the United States District Court (Order CV 01-640-RE). In addition, the Lower Granite project also conducted a summer spill test alternating spill and spill patterns between spill to the gas cap without the removable spillway weir (RSW) and spill with up to 20 kcfs utilizing the RSW. Because of the forecast low flow this year, most hatchery reared subyearling fall chinook were released up to three weeks early. With the unexpected high flows in late May and early June, more than 90% of the subyearling chinook were collected prior to the initiation of the court ordered summer spill program. Collection number fluctuations reflect river flow and project operations for any given year. For example, low flow years (2001, 2004 and 2005) result in higher collection numbers. Court ordered spill throughout the summer migration will directly affect collection of fall subyearling chinook collection numbers. The editors of this report urge the reader to use caution when comparing fish collection numbers

  6. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Silver Lake Dam (MA 00066), Connecticut River Basin, Springfield, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    information supplied by Mr. Lowell, the present owner of this dam is Mr. Kenneth Henshaw, Gunnland Ranch, Goldendale , Washington, sip code 98620 , His legal...According to information supplied by Mr. Lowell, the present owner of this dam is Mr. Kenneth Henshaw, Gunnland Ranch, Goldendale , Washington, tip code

  7. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Reservoir Dam (ME 00472), Kennebec River Basin, Waterville, Maine. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    into the reservoir. Probably the result of rainwater , this pool is not a serious problem at present. (See Section 7) e. Downstream Channel There is a...Dam is diverted around the reservoir. The dam is located approximately two miles above the town of Waterville Maine. The catchment area of the reservoir

  8. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dam. Spoonwood Pond Dam (NH 00338), NHWRB 116.03, Merrimack River Basin, Nelson, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    Nubanusit gatehouse contains the operating key for the gate valve. - 4.2 Maintenance of Dam The owner visits the dam several times during the year and notes...In essence, removal of the tre(s and roots would require a virtual rebuilding of the entire darn. Thc suffici(ncy of * merely cutting the trees down

  9. National Dam Safety Program. Lake Anne Dam (Inventory Number VA 05909), Potomac River Basin, Fairfax County, Virginia. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    left2 abutment. Wiehle Avenue, a four-lane highway, runs along the crest of the dam. A macadam path runs along the berm on the upstream slope...adequate cover of grass. NAME OF DAM: LAKE ANNE DAM 13 The junctions of the embankment and abutments are composed of vegetated earth. There is grouted ...rprap to El 327 where the Macadam path is located, it actually appears that the top of riprap is about 2 feet below the surface of the path (See Photo

  10. National Dam Safety Program. Gwenmil Lake Dam (MO 31210), Upper Mississippi - Kaskaskia - St. Louis, Basin, Jefferson County, Missouri. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    NUMBER 2. GOVT ACCESSION NO 3. RECIPIENT’S CATALOG NUMBER 4. TITLE (aod Subtitle) -T "yPE OF REA.z & BERIOD COVEREO Phase I Dam Inspection Report...magnitude of the spillway design flu-1 for the Gwenmil Lake Dam, which, according to Table 1 of the guidelines, is clissified as small in size; is...specified, according to Table 3 of the quideliines for a dam of significant hazard potential and small size, to be a minimum of the 100-year frequency flood

  11. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Stony Brook Reservoir Dam MA 00293, Charles River Basin, Weston, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    the dam along the west side of the reservoir. Water supply intakes and a low flow outlet are controlled from the gatehouse near the right end of the dam...face of the dam, the establishment of vegetation on bare areas, the repointing of joints at the spillway and gatehouse , the repair of an inoperative...Stony Brook Reservoir. The routing indicated that there is virtually no reduction of the peak inflow rate of 8,400 cfs into Stony Brook Reservoir and as a

  12. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Parks Pond Dam (CT 00071), Housatonic River Basin, Danbury, Connecticut. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    dam is classified as small (height less than 40 teet and storage less than 1,000 acre-feet). d. Hazard Classification - Parks Pond Dam is classified as...with a 2:1 slope. It is well vegetated with grass, brush and trees (Photos 1, 2 and 3). Along the toe of the dam, there are trees and brush which...natural channel (Photo 4). Just below the spillway, brush and debris has accumulated (Photo 3). d. Reservoir Area - The area immediately adjacent to the

  13. History of the Expansion of Hamburg City and IBA Hamburg


    北澤, 恒人


    本稿では、まずドイツのハンブルク市を対象として、その住民数の増加と市域の拡大を歴史的に跡づけ、これをヨーロッパの都市の一類型として考察する。次に、現在抱えている都市問題を解決するためにハンブルク市が採用した展覧会という手法を紹介する。すなわち2013年度に全プロジェクトが終結するハンブルク国際建築展覧会(IBA Hamburg)と、同時に開催される国際園芸博覧会(IGS 2013)の二つであるが、これには自然破壊だとの批判も出されている。...

  14. Strategies of Voshmgir Dam Water Allocation Using Two-Stage Stochastic Programming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    elham kalbali


    Full Text Available Introduction: In the present study, dealing with water deficit challenges for Gorgan River Basin has been considered. Golestan province's economy is dependent on agriculture but the occurrence of drought periods reduced the agricultural production and consequently the region's economy is in crisis. Therefore, performing studies for programming and management of the water resources of the province and the water allocation in the margin of Voshmgir dam in Gorganrood basin has a great deal of importance. The issue of the allocation of water resources is proposed in order to maximize the expected profit of the water system. According to the regional water organization policy, one of the main goals of Voshmgir dam water management is the allocation of water between the competing consumers. If the amount of promised water is released in the future, the expected net profit of the system will be realized and if it is not released, the system will experience losses. Materials and Methods: In this studyWater supply is considered stochasticand objective function of the model is to maximize the system (Agriculture, Aquaculture and Environment profit and optimal allocation of water during the programming period using a two-stage stochastic model as follows: Constraint of the available land: Constraint of the available water in each of the main canals: Constraint of the available water: Constraint of the amount of inflow water Reservoir capacity constraint Constraint on the maximum and minimum water demand for environmental sector Constraint on the maximum and minimum water demand for crops Constraint on the maximum and minimum water demand for warm-water fish Constraint on non-negativity of the decision variables in the model Results and Discussion: The length of the right main canal of this network is about 17.76 km and the length of the left main canal is about 21.338 km. In this study, is considered for the right main canal and is considered for left main

  15. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Curran Upper Reservoir Dam (RI 00702), Pawtuxet River Basin, Cranston, Rhode Island. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    pool dam is equal to 9 feet. This failure discharge will cause flooding, high velo - cities, and carry large quantities of debris from the wooded...RETAIN 2OO,o0o,0o GALA . Of WATER FOR PAruUXET VALLEY WATER COMPANY. WELL BUILT EARTH DAM VIZN rJLL R IPRAPPEC SLOPE ON pOND SIDE AND GRASSED SLOPES ON

  16. National Dam Safety Program. Penwell Mill Dam (NJ 00781). Delaware River Basin, Musconetong River. Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    AP ATE A, Scale i n Miles (Approx.) VICINITY MAP PLATE 2 9 N qfb . gh // Ojb / 40-46’ gpx 0- PENWELL ROAD PENWELL MILL DAM 0 I 2I I * I I I Scale:I"= I...Cambrian gh Hornblende Granite gpx Pyroxene Gneiss qfb Quartz- Feldspar-Biotite Gneiss FAULT (Dashed Where Inferred) GEOLOGIC MAP PENWELL MILL DAM PLATE 3

  17. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Meredith Reservoir Dam (NH 00308), Merrimack River Basin, Meredith, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    the Town’s water supply system. Water is pumped to the reservoir from Lake Waukewan and let down to the supply system only during emergency conditions...and is in the Merrimack- Winnipesaukee basin. S S b. Description of Dam and Appurtenances Meredith Reservoir Dam is an earth fill darn, approximately...purposes. Water is pumped from Lake Waukewan, stored in the reservoir and used as needed in . - emergency situations. Because of the limited drainage

  18. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Alton Power Dam (NH 00011), Merrimack River Basin, Alton, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    mile to Alton Bay at the southern end of Lake Winnipesaukee . b. Description of Dam and Appurtenances. Alton Power Dam consistsof a concrete gravity...Merrymeeting River to Lake Winnipesaukee , approximately one mile 8) General ...................... Spillway crest approx. i ft. above...the southern end of Lake Winnipesaukee . Stone has been placed imediately downstream of the spillway apron and stone exists on the banks and in tChe

  19. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. MaCallen Dam (NH 00365), New Hampshire Coastal Basin, Newmarket, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    depends on numerous and constantly changing internal and external conditions, and is evolutionary in nature. It would be incorrect to assume that the...water at top of dam and all wastegates open. The spillway capacity at top of dam (excluding capacity of waste gates) is 3,600 cfs or about 50 percent of...Length.............................................................. Turbines 1-110-ney :.j=nt 1 Rod, Hnn7t tw

  20. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Silver Lake Dam (ME 00147) Penobscot River Basin, Bucksport, Maine. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    Inspection of Non-Federal Dams; use cover date for date of report. I9. KEY WORDS (Coninue on reere oll. fi noceemy and islonfil by & lech ... st) DAMS...the charnel was choked with vegetative growth (trees, shrubs) which constrict the waterway, thus reducing its design discharge capabilities. The first...soil, vegetation and rubble. (3) The steel bulkheads were in good condition with only minor 6 0 leakage from a 2.5 foot head (see Photo No. 10). The stop

  1. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Notch Reservoir Dam (MA 00283), Hoosic River Basin, North Adams, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    the replacing of missing mortar atthe spillway, the patching of concrete at the overflow structure and minor items of repair at the outlet gatehouse ...b. Design and Construction Data - The drawings obtained from the City Engineer show the basic cross-section of the dam. However, there is virtually ...7.7T The gatehouse at the toe of the dam is generally in good condition. The interior of the structure requires maintenance in the form of replacing

  2. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Georgiaville Pond Dam (RI 03108), Woonasquatucket River Basin, Smithfield, Rhode Island. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    in a gatehouse structure. e. Test Flood Analysis. Recommended guidelines for the Safety Inspection of Dams by the Corps of Engineers were used for...going over the spillway was flowing in virtually every direction on land below the dam on the easterly side of the river. A considerable - amount of...covered * by trees ardbrush and virtually inaccessible. The - ground is for the most part very wet, which coendition is largely due to the flow from tha

  3. Grand Coulee Dam Wildlife Mitigation Program : Pygmy Rabbit Programmatic Management Plan, Douglas County, Washington.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ashley, Paul


    The Northwest Power Planning Council and the Bonneville Power Administration approved the pygmy rabbit project as partial mitigation for impacts caused by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam. The focus of this project is the protection and enhancement of shrub-steppe/pygmy rabbit habitat in northeastern Washington.

  4. Optimum use of CDOT French and Hamburg data (French and Hamburg tests). (United States)


    The Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT) has been collecting data from the Hamburg Rutter and the : French Rutter for over 20 years. No specifications have been written in that time for either the Hamburg Rutter : or the French Rutter. This r...

  5. Climate change experiments in Hamburg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gubasch, U. [DKRZ, Hamburg (Germany)


    Nowadays the anthropogenic climate change is been simulated world wide with a fair number of coupled ocean atmosphere general circulation models (IPCC, 1995). Typical model problems do not only blur the estimates of the anthropogenic climate change, but they also cause errors in the estimates of the natural variability. An accurate representation of the natural variability of the climate system is, however, essential for the detection of the anthropogenic climate change. All model simulations world wide show, even though they differ considerably in their technical details and the experimental setup and the forcing data, similar amplitudes and pattern of the predicted climate change. In the model world it is already at the beginning of the next century possible to detect the anthropogenic climate change in the global mean. If the model results are applied in a `fingerprint analysis`, then it is possible to prove that the climate change during the last 30 years is with a significance of 95 % larger than any other climate change during the last 100 years. The experiments performed in Hamburg show that the experimental conditions are of great importance for the estimate of the future climate. The usual starting point of most of the simulations with present day conditions (1980-1990) is too late, because then a considerable part of the warming since the beginning of the industrialization (ca. 1750) has been neglected. Furthermore it has only recently become clear that the sulphat-aerosols play an important role in the present day climate and in the future climate. The effect of the sulphat aerosols has first been simulated in a number of equilibrium simulations with mixed layer models, but nowadays with globally coupled ocean-atmosphere circulation models

  6. Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of metropolitan Hamburg, Germany. (United States)

    Krüger, A; Börstler, J; Badusche, M; Lühken, R; Garms, R; Tannich, E


    In Europe, mosquito-related public health concerns are growing due to the increasing spread of invasive mosquito species and the recent emergence of mosquito-borne arboviruses. A vital backbone in the assessment of these issues is detailed knowledge of the mosquito fauna, i.e. regional mosquito inventories. It was therefore decided to intensify nationwide investigations on the occurrence and distribution of mosquitoes in Germany in order to update old records and to detect possible faunal changes. This paper is focussing on a densely populated metropolitan region, the federal state of Hamburg and its adjacent environs, taking two historical baseline inventories into consideration, spanning almost 100 years of mosquito research in Hamburg. In the period between 2010 and 2014, more than 10,000 juvenile, neonate and adult mosquito specimens were sampled and trapped at 105 sites in Hamburg and its environs, of which about 60% have been identified to species level, resulting in a total of 33 recorded species. Of these, Anopheles algeriensis, Culex modestus, Ochlerotatus caspius, Ochlerotatus nigrinus and Ochlerotatus sticticus are new to the area. The most common species in Hamburg are Culex pipiens/torrentium and Ochlerotatus annulipes/cantans. In contrast, two previously common species, Anopheles atroparvus and Ochlerotatus excrucians, were not detected. Despite substantial environmental changes due to reconstruction, urbanisation and renaturation in the Hamburg metropolitan region in recent decades, there has been remarkably little change within the mosquito fauna during the last century.

  7. Lower Granite Dam Smolt Monitoring Program, 2003-2004 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mensik, Fred; Rapp, Shawn; Ross, Doug


    The 2003 fish collection season at Lower Granite Dam Juvenile Fish Facility (LGR) was characterized by water temperatures, total flows and spill that were below the five year average, low levels of debris, and increased smolt collection numbers compared to 2002 with the exception of unclipped sockeye/kokanee. There were 6,183,825 juvenile salmonids collected. Of these, 6,054,167 were transported to release sites below Bonneville Dam, 5,957,885 by barge and 96,282 by truck. An additional 102,340 fish were bypassed back to the river, primarily due to research projects with another 62,122 bypassed through the PIT-tag bypass system. According to the PTAGIS database, 152,268 PIT-tagged fish were detected at Lower Granite Dam. Of these, Smolt Monitoring Staff recorded 345 PIT-tagged raceway and sample mortalities. Of the 6,183,825 total fish collected, 113,290 were PIT-tagged or radio tagged and 380 were sacrificed by researchers. The collection included 836,885 fish that had hatchery marks other than clipped fins (elastomer, freeze brands or Coded Wire Tags). An estimated 54,857 incidental fish were collected with an additional 8,730 adult salmonids removed from the separator.

  8. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Farm Brook Site 2B Dam (CT 01547), Connecticut Coastal Basin, Hamden, Connecticut. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    OVERVIEW PHOTO OF DAM FARM BROOK SITE 2B DAM HAMDEN, CONNECTICUT ORf S ECKED SY 1APND WA NiMONE T. I Uaw. LI. DATE WK, N sHEr I -tI V.. J\\//FARM...lo. oc 100.0 lop C?0, 101"o 117- 0 liz.. (02.0 115 0 l; *105.0 117 C~30 7 /17 104,0 170 Hsw 1500k (22- 3ZT3 12~~ 040 ~c 10T. 0 I27 TO’s43 7 170 107.7

  9. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams, Merrymeeting Lake Dam (NH 00342), Merrimack River Basin, New Durham, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    Durham. The Merrymeeting River is a tributary of Lake Winnipesaukee , and part of the Merrimack River Basin. b. Description of Dam and Appurtenances...An-AmI6 448 NATIONAL PIOMaAN FOR INSPECTION OF NON-FEDIRAL GAIS I/L MERRYlIETINO LAKE OA..IUI CORPS OF ENGINEERS at LIHA MA NEW ENGLANO OIV OCT 78 N...C t A mSSmIF I F/ 13/13 NL /I’I/ll IIIIINONEI i •on 1 -1 2 5 11111 -li 6 I MERRIMACK RIVER BASIN NEW DURHAM, NEW HAMPSHIRF In MERRYMEETING LAKE DAM N

  10. Nitrite in hamburgers in Arak, Iran. (United States)

    Rezaei, Mohammad; Shariatifar, Nabi; Jahed Khaniki, Gholamreza; Javadzadeh, Morteza


    Nitrite and nitrate are used as additives in meat products to provide colour, taste and protection against micro-organisms, but excessive use of these substances can be toxic and can cause carcinogenesis in man. Natural and organic foods are not permitted to use chemical preservatives, the traditional curing agents used for cured meats, and so nitrate and/or nitrite cannot be added to hamburgers. This study aimed to measure nitrite in hamburgers sold in Arak city, in the centre of Iran, in 2011. For this purpose, 105 samples were randomly selected and analysed according to Official AOAC Method 973. The residual nitrite in the samples was 30-100 mg/kg (p < 0.001). In 85.7% of the samples, presence of nitrite was demonstrated, which suggests unfavourable production conditions and poor sodium nitrite standards at hamburger factories.

  11. National Dam Safety Program. Potters Falls Dam (Inventory Number N.Y. 378), Oswego River Basin, Tompkins County, New York. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)


    feature is the arched curva - ture of the dam which would resist lateral pressures from the reservoir. It is also known that the structure has...I U I * I . * Io- Iq [. I * * -- *---- .- ~.- -. - -. . -~ * ~ - ~ .--- * -: L? u o 4 Idf W dI- f V f W00 go a AW~d " be fn - 04 02 01 In on a~ A.IO

  12. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Hanover Pond Dam (CT 00134), Quinnipiac River Basin, Meriden, Connecticut. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    may pose hazards to human life or property. The assessment of the general condition of the dam is based upon available data and visual inspection...disouss this matter with Yom ftrther, or if ya fehr, you may request a nometing with the whole Boaw4,. In amy evout , I Sps to hear trom you ins few

  13. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Crystal Lake Dam (CT 00138), Lower Connecticut River Basin, Middletown, Connecticut. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    than 2’ from the foundation, and each :. pie ." is keyed to its neighbor will reduce the piping liability along the rock contact. *"A11 parts of the... plano and ecifications for the proposed dam at Crystal Lake. Hr. Uelti has just returned from Switterland where he has spent a year study- Lng the

  14. National Dam Safety Program. Garnerville Dam (Inventory Number N.Y. 744), Hudson River Basin, Rockland County, New York. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)


    the literature on the general geology of the area. The rock in the area is the Brunswick Formation of the Newark Group of the upper Triassic ... temperature was 600 to 650 F. The reservoir had been lowered about 1 to 2 feet to allow inspection of the spillway crest and downstream face. b. Main Dam The

  15. National Dam Safety Program. Earl Reservoir Dam (Inventory Number N.Y. 203), Lower Hudson River Basin, Orange County, New York. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)


    3.6 feet at the left end of the dam where only the concrete faced masonry core wall is present, and there is virtually no embankment on either side...Structures o. Stability p. Miscellaneous 10) Appurtenant Structures (Power House, Lock, Gatehouse , Other) a. Description and Condition An abandoned pump house

  16. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Goodwin Dam (CT 00541), Farmington River Basin, Hartland, Connecticut. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    virtually every structural element of this dam. Dr. K. Terzaghi considered various ~LIL sections for this design including a concrete core wall. In I...settlement at Indications of Movement of Structural gae house Items on Slopes gatehouse Trespassing on Slopes None permitted -- - Sloughing or Erosion of

  17. National Dam Safety Program. Hawkinsville Dam (Inventory Number NY 895), Black River Basin, Oneida County, New York. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)


    STABILITY 6.1 EVALUATION OF STRUCTURAL STABILITY a. Visual Observations This concrete dam functions as a spillway for virtually its entire length across the...Structures (Power House, Lock, Gatehouse , Other) a. Description and Condition ..... .... Cl 1 i l J 11) Operation Procedures (Lake Level Regulation):I I I I

  18. Prenatal and postnatal mothering by diesel exhaust PM2.5-exposed dams differentially program mouse energy metabolism. (United States)

    Chen, Minjie; Liang, Shuai; Zhou, Huifen; Xu, Yanyi; Qin, Xiaobo; Hu, Ziying; Wang, Xiaoke; Qiu, Lianglin; Wang, Wanjun; Zhang, Yuhao; Ying, Zhekang


    Obesity is one of the leading threats to global public health. It is consequent to abnormal energy metabolism. Currently, it has been well established that maternal exposure to environmental stressors that cause inappropriate fetal development may have long-term adverse effects on offspring energy metabolism in an exposure timing-dependent manner, known as developmental programming of health and diseases paradigm. Rapidly increasing evidence has indicated that maternal exposure to ambient fine particles (PM2.5) correlates to abnormal fetal development. In the present study, we therefore assessed whether maternal exposure to diesel exhaust PM2.5 (DEP), the major component of ambient PM2.5 in urban areas, programs offspring energy metabolism, and further examined how the timing of exposure impacts this programming. The growth trajectory of offspring shows that although prenatal maternal exposure to DEP did not impact the birth weight of offspring, it significantly decreased offspring body weight from postnatal week 2 until the end of observation. This weight loss effect of prenatal maternal exposure to DEP coincided with decreased food intake but not alteration in brown adipose tissue (BAT) morphology. The hypophagic effect of prenatal maternal exposure to DEP was in concord with decreased hypothalamic expression of an orexigenic peptide NPY, suggesting that the prenatal maternal exposure to DEP impacts offspring energy balance primarily through programming of food intake. Paradoxically, the reduced body weight resulted from prenatal maternal exposure to DEP was accompanied by increased mass of epididymal adipose tissue, which was due to hyperplasia as morphological analysis did not observe any hypertrophy. In direct contrast, the postnatal mothering by DEP-exposed dams increased offspring body weight during lactation and adulthood, paralleled by markedly increased fat accumulation and decreased UCP1 expression in BAT but not alteration in food intake. The weight

  19. Programmed hyperphagia in offspring of obese dams: Altered expression of hypothalamic nutrient sensors, neurogenic factors and epigenetic modulators. (United States)

    Desai, Mina; Han, Guang; Ross, Michael G


    Maternal overnutrition results in programmed offspring obesity, mediated in part, by hyperphagia. This is remarkably similar to the effects of maternal undernutrition on offspring hyperphagia and obesity. In view of the marked differences in the energy environment of the over and under-nutrition exposures, we studied the expression of select epigenetic modifiers associated with energy imbalance including neurogenic factors and appetite/satiety neuropeptides which are indicative of neurogenic differentiation. HF offspring were exposed to maternal overnutrition (high fat diet; HF) during pregnancy and lactation. We determined the protein expression of energy sensors (mTOR, pAMPK), epigenetic factors (DNA methylase, DNMT1; histone deacetylase, SIRT1/HDAC1), neurogenic factors (Hes1, Mash1, Ngn3) and appetite/satiety neuropeptides (AgRP/POMC) in newborn hypothalamus and adult arcuate nucleus (ARC). Despite maternal obesity, male offspring born to obese dams had similar body weight at birth as Controls. However, when nursed by the same dams, male offspring of obese dams exhibited marked adiposity. At 1 day of age, HF newborn males had significantly decreased energy sensors, DNMT1 including Hes1 and Mash1, which may impact neuroprogenitor cell proliferation and differentiation. This is consistent with increased AgRP in HF newborns. At 6 months of age, HF adult males had significantly increased energy sensors and decreased histone deactylases. In addition, the persistent decreased Hes1, Mash1 as well as Ngn3 are consistent with increased AgRP and decreased POMC. Thus, altered energy sensors and epigenetic responses which modulate gene expression and adult neuronal differentiation may contribute to hyperphagia and obesity in HF male offspring. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Abbott Memorial Trust Dam (NH 00260) (NHWRB 254.05) Merrimack River Basin, Wilton, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    a more t1 pC rigorous program needed A-6 0 0 S S S a- a APPENDIX B FIGURE I Site Plan B- 2 FIGUE 2 Plan and Evaluation of Dar:.D- List of Pertinent...4> APPENDIX C LOCATION AND ORIENTATION OF PHOTOS w SABBOTT MEMORIA TRUST DAM NEW HAMPSHIRE SCALE 1 50SO IDATE NVME W C-2 1. View from right side of

  1. Hamburg: privaatrechtelijk paradijsje aan de Aussenalster

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hondius, E.H.


    In dit verslag wil ik mij beperken tot een beschrijving van mijn ervaringen aan het Max Planck Institut te Hamburg. Dat instituut telt een kleine honderd 'vaste' juridische onderzoekers, voornamelijk uit Duitsland, maar ook uit Frankrijk, Griekenland, Iran, Italië en Rusland. Nederlandse

  2. National Dam Safety Program. Marcy Reservoir Dam (Inventory Number NY 190). Mohawk River Basin, Oneida County, New York. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)


    Deopartment has PrepS ,"d Als anfL SPeoitioatione for the oonstuaition of a dam for the. Itioa 3stt Aq1u, Tiioh Is to be loosts8 On & Btrem Mxown as8 entlc ikul c nlt or bac-kfill ....... I;~cc ’I, t~ I 11.0i :11(e treozt11. 201) NVlcieier lli-iriali ( i ,cc-10 1~ f . . tz ’icgI!j vih lckitici𔃺

  3. National Dam Safety Program. Onondaga Dam (Inventory Number NY 794), Oswego River Basin, Onondaga County, New York. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    of 25 feet with a 20 foot macadam roadway. The upstream face of the dam and downstream toe are riprapped. The outlet is an uncontrolled circular...Pervio-is fill, with rock drain at downstream toe Impervious Core - Impervious zone on upstream facej Grout Curtain - Where limestone is encountered...were encountered, the plans called for the limestone to be grouted . The left abutment is in contact with deposits of a kame delta named by Fairchild

  4. National Dam Safety Program. Henpeck Hollow Dam (MO 31256), Mississippi - Kaskaskia - St. Louis Basin, Washington County, Missouri. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    uncontrolled, brick and mortar-lined spillway is located at the north end of the dam (right abutment). An auxiliary spillway, located at the south end...Regulating Facilities N/A 5 1. Main spillway Type Concrete and brick -lined, uncontrolled, trape- zoidal, broad-crested weir (5 f t wide) Length of weir 12 ft...Missouri Geologic Map (1979) as Ordovician age Gasconade Formation (Fig 4). The Gasconade Formation is typically a light brownish-gray cherty dolomite , with

  5. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Tilton Town Dam (NH 00151), Merrimack River Basin, Tilton, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    square mile Lake Winnipesaukee drainage area. Maximum storage capacity is about 50 acre-feet. Tilton Town Dam is used to provide pondage for process...for the Winnipesaukee River from Lake Winnipesaukee to the Merrimack River, prepared for the New England Division, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers...mile Lake Winnipesaukee drainage area. The Winnipesaukee River originates at Lake Winnipesaukee and flows in a southwesterly direction through Paugus

  6. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Lake Waukewan Dam (NH 00306), Merrimack River Basin, Meredith, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    SAFETY, Merrimack River Basin Meredith New Hampshire Man made outlet between Lake Waukewan and Lake Winnipesaukee 20. ABSTRACT (Contne. en *ere* 80 it...Belknap Town Located: Meredith 5 O Stream: Man made outlet between Lake Waukewan and Lake Winnipesaukee Date of Inspection: June 6, 1978 BRIEF...ASSESSMENT Lake Waukewan Dam is a man-made outlet facility between Lake Waukewan V’ and Lake Winnipesaukee . The facility, a surge and outlet structure has a

  7. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Babson Reservoir Dam (MA 00187), Massachusetts-Rhode Island Coastal Basin, Gloucester, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    21979 Honorable Edward 3. King Governor of the Commonwealth of a. Massachusetts State House Boston, Massachusetts 02133 Dear Governor King: I am...City of Gloucester. H. Desian and Construction History. The Babson Reservoir Dam was desi3gned by Fay, Spofford a Thorndike in 1930 to create a water...drawings prepared by Fay, Spofford and Thorndike are included in Appendix B to show details of the original construction. Flashboards were added as

  8. National Dam Safety Program. Shackamaxon Dam (NJ00369), Rahway River Basin. Lambert’s Run, Union County, New Jersey. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    DOPLM FL10 1~REPORT NUMBER 12. GOVT ACCESSION NO. 3. RECIPIENTSl CATALOG NUMBER NJ 003 69 j-#17 q __________ 4TITLE (and Subtitle) S. TYPE OF course. Principal access to the dam is by private paved road inside the golf course. 3 c. Size and Hazard Classification Size and Hazard...Lester A., Hydraulic Charts for the Secection of Highway Culverts, U.S. Department of Transportaion , Federal Highway Administration, 1965. 7. Safety of

  9. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Lake Wintergreen Dam (CT 00118), Quinnipiac River Basin, Hamden, Connecticut. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    Information Act. In the case of this report the release date will be thirty days from the date of this letter. I wish to take this opportunity to...the facility to pass a greater percentage of the Test Flood. ( eStudies should also be performed to determine whether seepage through the earthen...dam is based on observations of field conditions at the time of inspection along with data available to the inspection team. In cases where the

  10. National Dam Safety Program. Newburg Mill Dam (NJ 00779) Delaware River Basin, Musconetcong River, Warren County, New Jersey, Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    dam or to thu property line, whichever is the lesser distance. ANDERSON- NICHO -{ & ’OMPA iY, INC. Warren A. Guinan, P.E. Project Manager New Jersey...Ande-son- Nicho & Company, Inc. SDte o I Computed JOB NO. Checked F’ IOUARES 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

  11. National Dam Safety Program. Upper Occoquan Regional Water Reclamation Plant Dam (Inventory Number VA 05924), James River Basin, Fairfax County, Virginia. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    An inspection was muade 1 My 1980 and the weather was sunny with a temperature of 700 F. The pool and tailwater levels at the time of along the right side of the spillway outlet channel. These rocks belong to the Newark Formation of Triassic Age. The dam and reservoir are...34. Although no field permeability data was provided, natural permeabilities in Triassic shales are typically low except in the presence of fracturing or

  12. Lower Granite Dam Smolt Monitoring Program, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mensik, Fred; Rapp, Shawn; Ross Doug (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)


    The 2004 fish collection season at Lower Granite Dam (LGR) was characterized by above average water temperatures, below average flows and spill, low levels of debris. The number of smolts collected for all species groups (with the exception of clipped and unclipped sockeye/kokanee) exceeded all previous collection numbers. With the continued release of unclipped supplementation chinook, steelhead and sockeye above LGR, we can not accurately distinguish wild chinook, wild steelhead and wild sockeye/kokanee from hatchery reared unclipped chinook and sockeye/kokanee in the sample. Wild steelhead can be identified from hatchery steelhead by the eroded dorsal and pectoral fins exhibited on unclipped hatchery steelhead. The numbers in the wild columns beginning in 1998 include wild and unclipped hatchery origin smolts. This season a total of 11,787,539 juvenile salmonids was collected at LGR. Of these, 11,253,837 were transported to release sites below Bonneville Dam, 11,164,132 by barge and 89,705 by truck. An additional 501,395 fish were bypassed to the river due to over-capacity of the raceways and for research purposes. According to the PTAGIS database, 177,009 PIT-tagged fish were detected at LGR in 2004. Of these, 105,894 (59.8%) were bypassed through the PIT-tag diversion system, 69,130 (39.1%) were diverted to the raceways to be transported, 1,640 (0.9%) were diverted to the sample tank, sampled and then transported, 345 (0.2%) were undetected at any of the bypass, raceway or sample exit monitors.

  13. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Diamond International Corporation, Upper Dam (MA 00562) Connecticut River Basin, Palmer, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    STANDARDS-2963-A *~ .. 2 rprh(oDnierI AT CGOVfRNMENT FX)’ FNIr N’ CONNECTICUT RIVER BASIN PALMER, MASSACHUSETTS Lfl K .IDIAMOND INTERNATIONAL...M.l DAM Ck’d By DaILte J 4zp . (I) Ts 4 F70 0 4d 0 -- Ca0 ±r~av-!j, Te4 PRaoc I- 0 o Dvo.I., c Alreg.. I 3 8,oev c-. o- 2lSo*l Ln c Ooopd au ( rat Oav

  14. National Dam Safety Program. Lake Arrowhead Dam (Inventory Number VA 17908), Potomac River Basin, Stafford County, Virginia. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    Grouted riprap may be necessary. A trash rack should be installed on the principal spillway riser. The driftwood in the pool below the principal...and side slopes ofI 8.5 H:lV and 2.5H:lV on the left and right sides, respectively. The control section is located on a two-lane macadam road which...two-lane macadam road which provid-es access to the residences around Lake Arrowhead runs along the dam crest; a similar road runs along the crest of

  15. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Muddy cove Pond Dam (MA 00793) Taunton River Basin, Dighton, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    Structural Stability 6-1 a. Visual Observation 6-1 b. Design and Construction Data 6-1 c. Operating Records 6-1 d. Post-Construction Changes 6-1 e...spillway structure . The embankment maximum height is about 32 feet and it has a crest width of 16 feet. The design drawings indicate the embankment...Changes - There are no known modifications or post-construction changes which affect the dam’s structural stability. e. Siesmic Stability - Muddy Cove

  16. National Dam Safety Program. Cedar Grove Lake Dam (MO 11075), Missouri - Kansas City Basin, Warren County, Missouri. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    assesmeut of the hydlrology of the watershed and capacity of the spillway were baised on a hydrologic! hydraulic study as indicated in Section 5. Seepage...outflow resulting from a storm of probable maximum flood magnitude, which is the recommended spillway design flood for this dam. in either case , the...20 ..𔃻 .50 1.00 MJ-AWA RrWfF C0UFINUAT10N INFLOW HYDRCQRNp1 ISTAQ ICCt’P IECt ITAPE JP..T JRT INH ISTAGE 1I UT 0 INFLOW 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 HYIIfTA94

  17. National Dam Safety Program. Morris Lake Dam (NJ00306). Hudson River Basin, Tributary of Wallkill River, Sussex County, New Jersey. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    Water, operational procedures are the following: Chlorine and fluoride are added at the Gatehouse prior to the water entering the 12 and 16 inch water...operational procedures for the dam include daily recordings of water main flow, fluoridation and chlorination of water and periodic cleaning of the water...INC. 14𔃾J U go IA Ci C _6 0 I a 0 D10 C4- + + ii P bil B A DATE Jo3e NA~7~ M1W (MA o. CKD -T~ DATE 4176IAe~~SLAke IPAir SHEET NO. 3 O.. LANGAN

  18. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Erikson Dam MA 00195, Assabet River Basin, Acton, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    1980 WAoTHAM, MASSAchusEtts 00521.3..3.. .. REPLY 1Ŕ . - - - . . Honorable Edward 3. King Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts...C: :- 0Fp 3/~EDWAR SMICHAEL Edward M. GcoP ~c~REC ~ Project Manager N.Metcalf & Ed*Inc. ION~~r Massachusetts Registration No. 29800 Approved by...1961 plan by Fay, Spofford and Thorndike , Inc. (1) Top of dam: 191.4 to 194.9 (2) Test flood pool: 198.0 (100-year flood) -’ (3) Design surcharge

  19. National Dam Safety Program. Little Choconut Watershed Site 2B Dam (Inventory Number 721), Susquehanna River Basin, Broome County, New York. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)



  20. National Dam Safety Program. Conklingville Dam, Inventory no. NY 146, Upper Hudson River Basin, Saratoga County, New York. Phase 1 Inspection Report (United States)


    Assessment/Remedial Measures 14 Appendices: A. Geology B. Hydrologic Computat tons C. Photographs D. Pertinent Correspondence and Reports E...Ii1~ II LI II I’ II iii * I I I APPENDIX GEOLOGY -g * I [-I ii LI 4 LI 44 [1 El El < i Conklingville Dam and Sacandaga Lake The bedrock in the vicinity...0,0i. e~ t’ 11U ŕ 7 ’ .vx~ suam wwfi~u ro w vpotAvt 1+99xniVwp - ’\\4..>. 4 - .,,-.. I

  1. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Upper Groveton Dam N.H. 00148, Connecticut River Basin, Groveton, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    Mlax ...;’ ......... ft.: Min. ...St0m L."e.............................f t. P Flashboards-Type F1:: 1 sentionn 91 r,2’ noir :,ble.:Hih . ~ . . . f...Approach Channel Slope Conditions Bottom Conditions Rock Slides or Falls Log Boom Debris Condition of Concrete Lining p - Drains or Weep Holes b...Inventory of Dams II I S 41 w thi LAL3 I~Xo AIL~. 0~~ CI- I VFTT~j .J’ I LI . Li 7-J__ _ 1~ ____; 5 _ _ _ i)4 . -C cc - ~l 2 w 4 I 0 j I % ~ . - *lo FILMED * 8-85 * DTIC

  2. [psychenet - The Hamburg Network for Mental Health]. (United States)

    Härter, Martin; Brandes, Andreas; Hillebrandt, Bernd; Lambert, Martin


    With the research and development project psychenet: the Hamburg Network for Mental Health (2011 - 2015), the Federal Ministry of Education and Research contributes to strengthening healthcare regions in Germany by establishing new transsectoral cooperations and implementing evaluated innovations. More than 300 partners from research, health care, health industry and government in the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg are promoting innovative measures to improve the detection, diagnosis, and treatment for mental disorders. The main objective is to implement integrated healthcare networks based on evidence for effective treatment methods, deriving from high-quality research throughout five indications such as psychosis, depression, somatoform and functional syndromes, anorexia and bulimia and addiction illnesses in adolescence. Those networks are accompanied by additional measures, for example, for improving awareness, information and education for mental health, addressing occupational health or strengthening the participation of patients and their families suffering from mental illness. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  3. HAMBURG ENERGIE makes biogas plants fit for the balancing energy market; HAMBURG ENERGIE macht Biogasanlagen fit fuer den Regelenergiemarkt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Timmann, Bernd [HAMBURG ENERGIE, Hamburg (Germany). Direktvermarktung und Regelenergie; Bettinger, Carola [HAMBURG ENERGIE, Hamburg (Germany). Forschungsprojekt SMART POWER HAMBURG


    HAMBURG ENERGIE GmbH (Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany) bundles 40 biogas plants with a total capacity of 15 megawatts to a virtual power plant. Thus, also small, decentralized plants may offer negative balancing power and achieve additional profits that were previously available only to large producers. In the medium term, HAMBURG ENERGIE wants to place a performance of 150 MW on the market.

  4. Dam Safety Concepts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duricic, J.


    The majority of dams constructed in the world are dams that can be categorized as embankment dams. Throughout history we can point to many failures of dams, and embankment dams in particular. Nowadays it is clear that the goal to construct stable dams has not been achieved, even with advanced

  5. Dalbybogen / The Dalby Book. Angersfragmentet / The Angers Fragment. Hamburgbibelen / The Hamburg Bible

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Erik


    Dalbybogen / The Dalby Book; Angersfragmentet / The Angers Fragment; Hamburgbibelen / The Hamburg Bible......Dalbybogen / The Dalby Book; Angersfragmentet / The Angers Fragment; Hamburgbibelen / The Hamburg Bible...

  6. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Rogers Pond Dam (CT 00428), Connecticut River Basin, Deep River, Connecticut. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    8217 " : ’• . .. "’ .: ," . 3. Establish a monitoring program for use during and immediately after heavy rainfall and also a downstream .0t warning program...edge of spillway. 12.iwo owsra altolf fsilwycanl PHLPW GNVS ASCAE ,IC OER OD DM C048 ENGINEER HADE C.-CIC C-0 13 iwo ontemwalt eto plwy meow. 14 iwo anfo

  7. The End of Hamburg's Anglophilia: Wilhelmine Hamburg Attitudes Viewed through School Examination Essays and a University Lecture (1912-1914) (United States)

    Gärtner, Niko


    Late nineteenth-century German-English rivalry changed attitudes in Hamburg. Previously, the once fiercely independent city and its burgeoning mercantile middle class had developed an Anglophilia that justified Hamburg being labelled a "London suburb" and "the most British town on the Continent". The affinity for all things…

  8. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Plymouth Reservoir Dam (CT 00286), Naugatuck River Basin, Plymouth, Connecticut. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    only a 2.7 foot drop in head between piezometer W-1 and W-3 indicating a virtually unimpeded flow through the core wall. The spacing of the...NOTE LACK OF RIPRAP ABOVE WATER LEVEL. US ARMY ENGINEER DIV NEW ENGLAND PLY MOLITH I L’ I V1 )% CORPS OF ENGINEERS NATIONAL PROGRAM OF TRI .--- T H AULA

  9. The Art of Memory: "Social Bookmarking Hamburg"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noga Stiassny


    Full Text Available At the end of November 2016, a unique and intruding art project took place in the city of Hamburg, Germany, a result of collaboration between German artists and a Chinese artist, who all seek to commemorate the Chinese victims who lived in the city pre- World War II but had to suffer the injustices of the Nazi regime. The project lasted three days and was presented in various locations throughout the city, while including many artistic mediums alongside scholarly work. By referring to the main events of that weekend, the paper traces after a “forgotten” past that many people refuse to look at, not to say to take responsibility for it, while in contrast, the art continues to extract it from the depths of oblivion and forced amnesia – to the dismay of many.

  10. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Henry Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00154, DER ID Number 64-34), Delaware River Basin, Tributary to Jones Creek, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)


    maintenance of the dam. The LHCA paved the auxiliary spillway with macadam and "faced the dam with concrete" in 1975. The concrete facing is apparently...masonry. Cut-off Unknown. Grout Curtain None. h. Diversion and Regulating Tunnel. None. i. Spillway. Type Main Approximate trapezoidal- shaped section...auxiliary spillway is located near the center of the dam. The auxiliary spillway was obscured by a thin layer of soil (Photograph H). Macadam was observed at

  11. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dam. Lakeport Dam (N.H. 00216), State Number 130.01, Merrimack River Basin, Laconia, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    abutment. The dam impounds a reservoir of large size with a maximum usable storage capacity of 165,800 acre-feet. Lake Winnipesaukee has a surface...level of Lake Winnipesaukee to 509’ NGVD. Backwater analysis indicates a drop of 3.8 feet from the lake surface to Lakeport Dam at this elevation. The... Winnipesaukee River at the outlet of Lake Winnipesaukee at the Weirs. Lakeport Dam, although located downstream of the outlet, controls the water level and

  12. Birth of a New Degree Programme in Europe: Media Documentation, a Course of Study at the Fachhochschule of Hamburg, Germany. (United States)

    Schmidt, Ralph; Werther, Sabine


    Describes the development, framework, and curriculum of the new degree program called Media Documentation at the Fachhochschule Hamburg (Germany). Highlights include changes in the job market for information professionals, determination and estimation of need, combining practice and theory, and cooperation with commercial organizations and…

  13. Evaluation of bias in the Hamburg wheel tracking device. (United States)


    As the list of states adopting the Hamburg Wheel Tracking Device (HWTD) continues to grow, there is a need to evaluate how results are utilized. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials T 324 does not standardize the analysi...

  14. Learning by Doing: Science Education at the Hamburg Observatory (United States)

    Wolfschmidt, Gudrun


    In my contribution I would like to offer three different examples: the activities of the association "Förderverein Hamburger Sternwarte", science education in the "astronomy workshop", and the teaching of the history of science and technology for university students.

  15. National Dam Inspection Program. Jennings Pond Dam (NDI I.D. PA-0891 DER I.D. 066-012) Susquehanna River Basin, Little Mehoopany Creek, Wyoming County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)


    overflow section. 4.2 Maintenance of the Dam. The maintenance of the dam is considered to be fair. The abutments are relatively free of unwanted brush ...drainage area. STORAGE VS. ELEVATION ELEVATION AH, FEET AREA 6VOLUMV STORAI;E (acres) ( 1 ) (acre- teet ) (21 ) (acre-1e-t) 1020 83.6 q. 1009 [1 4

  16. National Dam Inspection Program. Page’s Lake Dam NDI Number PA 00062 PennDER Number 58-5) Susquehanna River Basin, Salt Lick Creek, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    based upon available data and visual inspections. Detailed investigation, and analyses involving topographic mapping, subsurface investigations, teEting ...potential of the dam. 2) Fill the erosion gully located to the left of the spillway and reseed the area. 3) Remove the brush below the downstream Appendix A. b. Dam - A small erosion gully has formed at the junction of the left spillway training wall and embankment. Brush was present

  17. Molecular Assay for Fraud Identification of Handmade Hamburgers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilda Eslami


    Full Text Available Background: Meat products could be sources of enter pathogens. Identification of meat species in different foods could help us in molecular epidemiological studies of pathogens transmitted by meat. Objectives: In this study, we targeted cytochrome b for identification of beef in handmade hamburgers. Patients and Methods: A total of 110 raw handmade hamburgers were collected from different areas of Yazd city, Iran, during spring of 2013. Genomic DNA was extracted using the salting out method. The beef cytochrome b gene was amplified using specific primers. Analysis of the amplicons was done with agarose gel electrophoresis usinga100 base pair (bp DNA ladder. Results: The results showed that among the 110 handmade hamburger samples, 10 (9.09% samples did not containany cow meat while 100 samples contained cow meat. Conclusions: We used an appropriate molecular method for controlling raw and processed products. Therefore, this study would be useful for control of correct labeling and protection of consumer’s rights.

  18. [Health Economic Evaluations within the Hamburg Network for Mental Health]. (United States)

    König, Hans-Helmut; Grochtdreis, Thomas; Brettschneider, Christian


    Within the Hamburg Network for Mental Health, cost-effectiveness analyses of collaborative care models are conducted. After providing an overview of the international literature on the cost-effectiveness of collaborative care for mental disorders, this article describes the rationale, aims and methods of the cost-effectiveness analyses conducted within the Hamburg Network for Mental Health. Proof of cost-effectiveness is expected to promote the transfer of collaborative care models into routine care. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  19. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Badger Pond Dam (NH 00085), State No. 21.02 Merrimack River Basin, Belmont, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    PMF was selected as the test flood. The test flood inflow, using the ’mountainous’ guide curve and the PMF outflow from the Sargent Lake Dam inspection...approximately 5 miles before emptying into the Winnipesaukee River about 0.2 mile northeast of the boundary intersection among the Towns of Belmont...Northfield and Tilton. The Winnipesaukee River is a 1-1 major tributary in the Merrimack River Basin. Badger Pond Dam is shown on U.S.G.S. Quadrangle

  20. Contents of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in Hamburg`s upper soil; Gehalte an polycyclischen aromatischen Kohlenwasserstoffen (PAK) in Hamburger Oberboeden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gras, B.; Jaeger, C.; Sievers, S.


    In 1993/95, a programme of investigations covering the area of Hamburg was carried out to determine the content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the upper soil. This programme of measurements was intended to give an overview of the general loading situation in an inhabited area and to show main points of loading. One also intended to consider how great the effect of the type of use of an area is on the PAH contents and whether information on the sources can be derived from the PAH patterns. Soil mixture samples were taken from depths of 0-10 cm and in worked areas from depths of 0-30 cm at 108 sites distributed over the city area of Hamburg, and these were examined for 19 individual PAH materials (PAH (EPA) plus 1 and 2 methyl naphthalene and Benzopyrene). Differently exposed and used sites were included in this programme. Industrial, traffic, residential areas, small gardens, agriculture, flood meadows, woods/parks, nature protection and other green areas (fallow land, meadows). (orig.) [Deutsch] 1993/95 wurde in Hamburg ein flaechendeckendes Untersuchungsprogramm zur Ermittlung der Gehalte an polycyclischen aromatischen Kohlenwasserstoffen (PAK) in Oberboeden durchgefuehrt. Dieses Messprogramm sollte einen Ueberblick ueber die generelle Belastungssituation in einem Ballungsraum geben und ggfs. Belastungsschwerpunkte aufzeigen. Es sollte ausserdem betrachtet werden, wie gross der Einfluss der jeweiligen Nutzungsart einer Flaeche auf die PAK-Gehalte ist und ob sich aus den PAK-Mustern in Oberboeden Hinweise auf Quellen ableiten lassen. An 108 Standorten verteilt ueber das Hamburger Stadtgebiet wurden aus 0-10 cm und bei bearbeiteten Flaechen aus 0-30 cm Tiefe Bodenmischproben entnommen und auf 19 PAK-Einzelstoffe untersucht (PAK(EPA) zzgl. 1- und 2-Methylnaphthalin sowie Benzo(e)pyren). In das Programm wurden unterschiedlich exponierte und genutzte Standorte einbezogen: Industrie, Verkehr, Wohngebiete, Kleingaerten, Landwirtschaft

  1. Dam removal: Listening in (United States)

    Foley, Melissa M.; Bellmore, James; O'Connor, James E.; Duda, Jeff; East, Amy E.; Grant, Gordon G.; Anderson, Chauncey; Bountry, Jennifer A.; Collins, Mathias J.; Connolly, Patrick J.; Craig, Laura S.; Evans, James E.; Greene, Samantha; Magilligan, Francis J.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Major, Jon J.; Pess, George R.; Randle, Timothy J.; Shafroth, Patrick B.; Torgersen, Christian; Tullos, Desiree D.; Wilcox, Andrew C.


    Dam removal is widely used as an approach for river restoration in the United States. The increase in dam removals—particularly large dams—and associated dam-removal studies over the last few decades motivated a working group at the USGS John Wesley Powell Center for Analysis and Synthesis to review and synthesize available studies of dam removals and their findings. Based on dam removals thus far, some general conclusions have emerged: (1) physical responses are typically fast, with the rate of sediment erosion largely dependent on sediment characteristics and dam-removal strategy; (2) ecological responses to dam removal differ among the affected upstream, downstream, and reservoir reaches; (3) dam removal tends to quickly reestablish connectivity, restoring the movement of material and organisms between upstream and downstream river reaches; (4) geographic context, river history, and land use significantly influence river restoration trajectories and recovery potential because they control broader physical and ecological processes and conditions; and (5) quantitative modeling capability is improving, particularly for physical and broad-scale ecological effects, and gives managers information needed to understand and predict long-term effects of dam removal on riverine ecosystems. Although these studies collectively enhance our understanding of how riverine ecosystems respond to dam removal, knowledge gaps remain because most studies have been short (< 5 years) and do not adequately represent the diversity of dam types, watershed conditions, and dam-removal methods in the U.S.

  2. Hoover Dam Learning Packet. (United States)

    Bureau of Reclamation (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

    This learning packet provides background information about Hoover Dam (Nevada) and the surrounding area. Since the dam was built at the height of the Depression in 1931, people came from all over the country to work on it. Because of Hoover Dam, the Colorado River was controlled for the first time in history and farmers in Nevada, California, and…

  3. A New Type of German University Takes Root in Hamburg. (United States)

    Bollag, Burton


    The Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg (Germany), a member of a new European consortium of innovative universities, has been broadening its revenue base by conducting research and training for industry and local government and marketing the technical advances developed in its own laboratories. An interdisciplinary approach to research is…

  4. Review and analysis of Hamburg Wheel Tracking device test data. (United States)


    The Hamburg Wheel Tracking Device (HWTD) test (TEX-242-F) and the Kansas Test Method KT-56 (KT-56), or : modified Lottman test, have been used in Kansas for the last 10 years or so to predict rutting and moisture damage potential of : Superpave mixes...

  5. Community Participation in School Management: A Parent's Eye View (Hamburg). (United States)

    Aviner, Saronet


    Describes the management of the International School in Hamburg, West Germany, which serves children from 42 countries, and the school's attempts to formulate a workable curriculum responsive to heterogeneous needs and frequent changes in the national composition of the student body. (SJL)

  6. Development of hamburger using full fat soybean flour | Igene ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study determined the level of soy flour appropriate for hamburger (beef patties) production. They were formulated to contain 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% of soy flour respectively with some flavouring agents. A 5-point hedonic scale was used to investigate the sensory characteristics of products in terms of juiciness, colour, ...

  7. Lepton Photon conference - Hamburg 17-22 August

    CERN Multimedia

    PH Department


    An easier registration procedure has been recently set up for the Lepton Photon conference, to be held in Hamburg, Germany from 17 to 22 August. To sign up, simply send an email to and request an invitation. For more details, check the website

  8. Insecure Identities: Unaccompanied Minors as Refugees in Hamburg (United States)

    Schroeder, Joachim


    This paper analyses the financial circumstances and social income of nearly one hundred unaccompanied minors who have come to Hamburg as refugees from various regions of Africa. It is based on extensive qualitative surveys, analysing their objective conditions of life and in particular their legal situation. A wide range of interview material and…

  9. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Crystal Lake Dam (NH 00018) (NHWRB Number 91.11) Merrimack River Basin, Gilmanton, New Hampshire. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    were disclosed. 2.4 Evaluation a. Availability. Little engineering data were available for Crystal Lake Dam. A search of the files of the New Hampshire...Mazur, G. Slaney Engingeers AREA EVALUATED CONDITION OUTLET WORKS - INTAKE CHANNEL AND INTAKE STRUCTURE * a. Approach Channel This facility has ’no

  10. National Dam Inspection Program. Star Junction Number 1 Dam (NDI Number PA-00198, PennDER Number 26-30) Ohio River Basin, Washington Run, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)


    end and erosion K of the training dike has occurred. g. Instrumentation : No instrumentation was observed during the inspection. h. Downstream...DATE: 19 MAR 80 RN TDZ: 10.30.40 NATIONAL PROGR FOR TEM INSPEC ION OF NON-FEERAL DM HXDROLOMC AND MRAILIC ANALISIS OF STAR JUNCTION NamR 1 DAm PROBABLE

  11. National Dam Inspection Program. Lower Hemlock Dam (NDI-ID Number PA-00756, DER-ID Number 52-117) Delaware River Basin, Pike County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    profile (Plate A-II, Appendix A) indicates that the crest of the dam is in a sag , with only a short low area. The downsteam slope is very irregular due...NORMAL POOL ELEVATION: 1432 (estimated) AT TIME OF INSPECTION: BREAST ELEVATION: 1435.25 (design) POOL ELEVATION: 1432.2 SPILLWAY ELEVATION: 1432.0

  12. Change of traction voltage in 100 years of the Hamburg city railway; Traktionsspannungswechsel in 100 Jahren S-Bahn Hamburg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, H. [S-Bahn Hamburg GmbH, Hamburg (Germany)


    In its 100-year history the Hamburg city railway was operated with a.c. voltage in the beginning and with a.c. voltage later on. There were numerous attempts at changing back the currently used type of voltage before finally a Solomonic solution was found with the introduction of dual-current vehicles. (orig.)

  13. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Pentucket Pond Outlet (MA 00261), Parker River Basin, Georgetown, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    Side slopes: upstream 2:1 downstream - 3.0 to 5.5:1 (6) Zoning: Unknown (7) Impervious core: Unknown (8) Cutoff: Unknown (9) Grout curtain: Unknown...condition. The roadway which forms the dam is in good condition. A good macadam has been built on - this roadway since the last inspection. The dam is in

  14. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Lyman Mill Pond (MA 00500), Connecticut River Basin, Southampton, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    the area S beyond the northerly abutment was breached, although the dam proper remained intact. Heavy stone fill was used to close this breach. U.S...left abutment. ~0 P~1,0’T’, -,ntl anfc f anfo riqht abutme-nt. fioo dmfo PHOTO NO. 1I Downstream face of dam from laft abutment. 0 PHOTO Pu, Lcmface

  15. National Dam Inspection Program. Laurel Run Number 2 Dam. (NDI ID Number PA-00550, DER ID Number 40-23), Susquehanna River Basin, Laurel Run, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report, (United States)


    ATION L DARISEIN PROGRAMA ~f{ASE NSPECTION 4EPORT~ NAINA AMISPCIO GAM~ N Prepared by GANNETT FLEMING CORDDRY AND CARPENTER, INC.-" Consulting...which may pose hazards to human life or property. The assess- ment of the general condition of the dam is based upon available data and visual inspections...3 - Visual Inspection . . . . . . . 8 SECTION 4 - Operational Procedures . . . . . 11 SECTION 5 - Hydrology and Hydraulics. . . . . 13 SECTION 6

  16. National Dam Inspection Program. Pinetree Lake Dam NDI ID number PA-00784, DER ID number 45-244. Delaware River Basin, Dry Sawmill Run. Monroe County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    is encased in concrete, continued rusting would nc. be a hazard to the dam. b. Design and Construction Data. The design engineer stated that a formal...DATA: Drainage Sub- Area Cp Ct L L a L’ T2 Map Plate area (square miles miies miles hours Area miles) ( (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (8) A t- 2.. QO. AlO f 36

  17. National Dam Inspection Program. Shawnee Dam (NDI-ID number PA-00629), DER-ID number 45-115 Shawnee Development, nc. Delaware River Basin, Shawnee Creek, Monroe County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    brush from the embankment. Upon removal of brush and trees, the embankment should be inspected for bulges, cracks, and other signs of distress. Take...apron. j. Regulating Outlets. Type. One 30-inch diameter reinforced concrete pipe. -5- - .- ka ..Sii,-i~~i j. Regulating Outlets. (Cont’d.) Length ( teet ...level is overgrown with brush and trees (Photograph C). The riprap is intact, but it does not extend to the top of the dam. The portion of the slope

  18. Hans Jacob and brain research on Hamburg "euthanasia" victims: "Awaiting further brains!" (United States)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A


    Several neuropathologists conducted brain research on victims of so-called euthanasia programs carried out by the National Socialist (Nazi) regime in Germany from 1940 to 1945. Some published their results in German journals or books during and after the war. One of these neuropathologists was Hans Jacob of Hamburg, a former Nazi party member and the leader of the same laboratory previously run by Alfons Jakob (Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease). Though much has been published on the unethical actions of Jacob's fellow neuropathologist from Berlin, Julius Hallervorden, Jacob's actions were remarkably similar and have not been previously analyzed in the neuroscience literature. Jacob dissected at least 42 patient brains from euthanasia centers near Hamburg, and saved the specimens from at least 17 of them. He published a 1956 book chapter featuring 2 such specimens. Jacob was denazified, had a notable career, and never publicly addressed his actions during the war. His ethical violations may not have been on the same scale as Hallervorden's, but the effect of his work echoes to the modern era. As responsible researchers, we must always be conscious of the provenance of material provided and not succumb to opportunistic temptation despite the ethical consequences. © 2017 American Academy of Neurology.

  19. Misconceived Traditions: On the dispute between Ingarden, Wellek and Hamburger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo Argüelles Fernández


    Full Text Available This paper deals with the recovery of the phenomenological and ontological legacy of Roman Ingarden given the controversies of his work with prestigious names in literature theory such as René Wellek and Käte Hamburger. This is in order to defend Ingarden’s aesthetic theory which, according to my premises, has not been properly recognized in the framework of traditional knowledge of contemporary literary theories

  20. Abstracts and electronic proceedings of the Canadian Dam Association's 2008 annual conference : emerging technologies for dams; Resumes et actes electroniques du congres annuel 2008 de l'Association canadienne des barrages : technologies naissantes pour les barrages

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This conference provided a national forum to explore and discuss emerging technologies which can be used to enhance dam safety and construction practices on both new and existing projects. Advancements in the fields of dam design, construction, and remedial works were reviewed as well as new techniques for dam monitoring programs. Engineers, geoscientists, dam owners and operators and other stakeholders exchanged ideas and information regarding the operation, maintenance and management of water and tailings dams. The conference sessions dealt with a variety of topics, including dam foundations; mining dams; dams and the environment; embankment dams; dams and seismicity; hydrotechnics; assessment and investigative technologies; dam instrumentation and monitoring; computational hydraulics; and dam safety. The conference featured 46 presentations, of which 37 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. refs., tabs., figs.

  1. [Pathways leading to work--the Hamburg integration specialty service]. (United States)

    Marquardt, U


    A model project of the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, the Hamburg Integrationsfachdienst zur Eingliederung Schwerbehinderter (IFD Hamburg, selective placement and support agency for occupational integration of persons with severe disablement) has been active since 1998 in placing people with sensory or physical handicap in the open labour market, based on cooperative partnership between Adecco Dienstleistungen, a market-oriented temporary staff business, and the vocational retraining centre Berufsförderungswerk Hamburg, provider of training programmes for vocational rehabilitation. The IFD combines social competence with business considerations (counselling employers, clarification of wage subsidies or grants, in-depth job analysis, preliminary selection of suitable job seekers). A proactive customer orientation vis-a-vis the prospective employer is the clear message of the IFD's consultants, which hence acts as a professional staff service for severely disabled job seekers in its dealings with the prospective customers, in their majority company decision-makers from small and medium scale firms. Counselling and support offered to the disabled clients are based on a case-management approach, in partnership with the IFD's principals, i.e., employment office, pension insurance fund, industrial injuries insurance institutes, and sometimes also health insurance funds.

  2. The dioxin/POPs legacy of pesticide production in Hamburg: part 2--waste deposits and remediation of Georgswerder landfill. (United States)

    Götz, Rainer; Sokollek, Volker; Weber, Roland


    α-HCH, β-HCH, and γ-HCH (lindane) were listed as persistent organic pollutants in the Stockholm Convention. Therefore, they need to be globally addressed including the wastes remaining from historic use and production. While at most lindane production sites the unintentionally produced 85% HCH waste isomers have been deposited, at a former pesticide factory in Hamburg-Moorfleet HCH waste isomers have been recycled from 1953 to 1984 by thermal decomposition to chlorobenzenes and resulted in high polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDD/PCDF)-contaminated residues. The management of the PCDD/PCDF-contaminated waste from the former pesticide factory in Hamburg has been assessed and quantified. Based on past accredited PCDD/PCDF measurements, the registered 3,700 tonnes of disposed thermal HCH decomposition residue contained 333 to 854 kg of PCDD/PCDF toxicity equivalent (I-TEQ) in 53-102 tonnes total sum of PCDD/PCDF. The wastes have been deposited together with other wastes in landfills in Hamburg and other parts of Germany. For the Georgswerder landfill (Hamburg), where approximately 50% of the PCDD/PCDF is disposed, current and previous situation and remediation activities are described. While PCDD/PCDF leaching from the landfill is controlled and incinerated, more water soluble organochlorines (vinyl chloride, cis-1,2-dichlorethene, chlorobenzenes) and benzene remain as a challenge for groundwater management. A comprehensive aftercare program has been established and will need to be operated by future generations including renewal of containment systems. Former lindane/HCH productions need-in addition to HCH deposits-to be assessed for possible recycling practice of HCH and related PCDD/PCDF-containing deposits. This could systematically be addressed within the Stockholm Convention implementation.

  3. National Program of Inspection of Non-Federal Dams, Tennessee. Chancellor & Son Dam (Inventory Number TN 06939), Hatchie River Basin, near Saulsbury, Hardeman County, Tennessee. Phase I Investigation Report, (United States)


    7474 Raleigh LaGrange Rd. Cordova , TN 38018 1 W 7% 1 A.4.6 Previous Inspection - February 1978 A.4.7 Seismic Zone - 2 A.5 Downstream Hazard Data A.5.1... App xtewuces None L. Unusual Increase or Decrease in Dischare from Belief Wells None 6 Ins truentation~ - None A. rbonaantation/Siizvoys___...Chancellor Chancellor & Sons Construction Co. 7474 Raleigh LaGrange Road Cordova , TN 38O18 Dear !fr. Chancellor: As provideto by the State Safe Dams Act

  4. National Dam Safety Program. Conewango Creek Dam (Site 16A), (Inventory Number N.Y. 557), Allegheny River Basin, Conewango Creek Watershed, Cattaraugus County, New York. Phase I Inspection Report (United States)


    mcLa ZnL ts _n-tion and an:’.. 72 ba.v-c oil~s. L~iO~.. 2JZ ... UL.1 by z- perilt,--rmdng organrExamination of available documents and vtisual inspection...I the east emergency spillway. It is recommended that each of these conditions be further evaluated by a qualified registered professional engineer ...Using the Corps of Engineers screening criteria for review of spillway I adequacy, it has been determined that the dam would not be overtopped under

  5. National Dam Inspection Program. Deckers Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00299, DER ID Number 64-203), Delaware River Basin, Seeley Brook, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report (United States)


    600 DICKERS DAM - II ’ j 41 4c3r : A iI :1 -i L i, .-. ,. II / w I IS {.. N Si •,: -. •sA An!*Ljnn n rn n~ x~ IL iin Li. 0 U. N w 0 (0 CL Zu) Ei...8217i~) •5 /2 0 192 477 /Z9~’ q1 Is5A Joe GEO-TECHNICAL SERtVICES *m~N CALCULATED ByConsultng Eno mense & O ~ l ssC0ECKEW DVATE SCALEj n-/ 127-R 72’ r

  6. A Methyl-Deficient Diet Fed to Rat Dams during the Peri-Conception Period Programs Glucose Homeostasis in Adult Male but Not Female Offspring123 (United States)

    Maloney, Christopher A.; Hay, Susan M.; Young, Loraine E.; Sinclair, Kevin D.; Rees, William D.


    Methyl deficiencies have been implicated in metabolic programming during the periods of oocyte and embryo development. Semisynthetic methyl-deficient diets (MD) with no folic acid, 0.05% choline, and approximately one-half the recommended content of methionine were fed to female rats for 3 wk prior to mating and for the first 5 d of gestation. During the period of MD feeding, plasma homocysteine concentrations were approximately twice those of rats fed the complete (CON) diet. From d 5, both groups received a complete semipurified AIN diet until birth. On d 8, plasma homocysteine concentrations did not differ between the 2 groups. Thereafter, dams and offspring were fed a nonpurified diet for the remainder of the experiment. At 6 mo of age, the homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) index of the male MD offspring tended to be 32% higher (P = 0.053) and peak insulin during an oral glucose tolerance test (oGTT) was 39% higher (P < 0.05) compared with the male CON offspring. There was no difference in the response to an oGTT in the female offspring at 6 mo of age. The increased HOMA index of male MD offspring persisted to 12 mo of age. The peak glucose concentration during oGTT was 23% higher (P < 0.05) in MD compared with the CON males despite 39% greater (P < 0.05) peak insulin concentrations. This study shows that in rats, a physiologically relevant methyl-deficient diet fed during the period of oocyte maturation and preimplantation development programs gender-specific changes in glucose handling by the offspring. PMID:21106931

  7. Role of the Small Intestine in Developmental Programming: Impact of Maternal Nutrition on the Dam and Offspring123 (United States)

    Meyer, Allison M; Caton, Joel S


    Small-intestinal growth and function are critical for optimal animal growth and health and play a major role in nutrient digestion and absorption, energy and nutrient expenditure, and immunological competence. During fetal and perinatal development, the small intestine is affected by the maternal environment and nutrient intake. In ruminants, altered small-intestinal mass, villi morphology, hypertrophy, hyperplasia, vascularity, and gene expression have been observed as a result of poor gestational nutrition or intrauterine growth restriction. Although many of these data come from fetal stages, data have also demonstrated that nutrition during mid- and late gestation affects lamb small-intestinal growth, vascularity, digestive enzyme activity, and gene expression at 20 and 180 d of age as well. The small intestine is known to be a highly plastic tissue, changing with nutrient intake and physiological state even in adulthood, and the maternal small intestine adapts to pregnancy and advancing gestation. In ruminants, the growth, vascularity, and gene expression of the maternal small intestine also adapt to the nutritional plane and specific nutrient intake such as high selenium during pregnancy. These changes likely alter both pre- and postnatal nutrient delivery to offspring. More research is necessary to better understand the role of the offspring and maternal small intestines in whole-animal responses to developmental programming, but programming of this plastic tissue seems to play a dynamic role in gestational nutrition impacts on the whole animal. PMID:27180380

  8. Interdisciplinary MSc and Doctoral Education in Climate System Science at the University of Hamburg (United States)

    Dilly, Oliver; Stammer, Detlef; Pfeiffer, Eva-Maria


    Modern education in climate system sciences is based on a number of disciplines such as meteorology, geophysics, oceanography, geosciences and also economics and social sciences. Facts across these disciplines are required to address the faced key issues related to climate change effectively. Climate experts need to have profound knowledge that can only be achieved in interdisciplinary MSc and PhD programs. In Europe, graduate students who completed a BSc degree are typically proceeding with MSc programs to increase knowledge and qualification. Afterwards, the participation in a doctoral program may follow. Many doctoral programs include courses supporting disciplinary methodological and scientific background in particular. Those courses derive either from advanced MSc programs or specific trainings. Typically, interdisciplinary exchange is difficult to achieve at any stage of disciplinary graduate programs. Recent developments showed the need to educate climate experts in interdisciplinary MSc programs in climate system sciences for both researchers and professionals outside the university. The University of Hamburg offers an interdisciplinary 2-yr MSc program in Integrated System Sciences with 120 ECTS (30 compulsory, 90 eligible) in English language. If the MSc student decides to proceed with a PhD thesis, he/she may not necessarily complete the MSc program but may start to work on a specific and disciplinary doctoral thesis for 3 years. Each doctoral student is guided by an advisory panel (AP) which meets at least bi-annually. The AP consists of a Principal Advisor, a Co-Advisor and a Chair of the panel who come from neighboring disciplines. The structured doctoral program with only 12 CPs includes interdisciplinary compulsory courses and tailor-made eligible expert courses. Summer schools and soft skill courses add to both MSc and doctoral programs. Accordingly, the new graduate school concepts in climate system sciences at the University of Hamburg supports

  9. Reported tailings dam failures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rico, M. [CSIC - Instituto Pirenaico de Ecologia, Zaragoza (Spain)], E-mail:; Benito, G. [CSIC - Centro de Ciencias Medioambientales, Madrid (Spain); Salgueiro, A.R. [CERENA - Centro de Recursos Naturais e Ambiente of IST, Lisboa (Portugal); Diez-Herrero, A. [Geological Hazards Unit, Spanish Geological Survey (IGME), Madrid (Spain); Pereira, H.G. [CERENA - Centro de Recursos Naturais e Ambiente of IST, Lisboa (Portugal)


    A detailed search and re-evaluation of the known historical cases of tailings dam failure was carried out. A corpus of 147 cases of worldwide tailings dam disasters, from which 26 located in Europe, was compiled in a database. This contains six sections, including dam location, its physical and constructive characteristics, actual and putative failure cause, sludge hydrodynamics, socio-economical consequences and environmental impacts. Europe ranks in second place in reported accidents (18%), more than one third of them in dams 10-20 m high. In Europe, the most common cause of failure is related to unusual rain, whereas there is a lack of occurrences associated with seismic liquefaction, which is the second cause of tailings dam breakage elsewhere in the world. Moreover, over 90% of incidents occurred in active mines, and only 10% refer to abandoned ponds. The results reached by this preliminary analysis show an urgent need for EU regulations regarding technical standards of tailings disposal.

  10. Renal Metabolic Programming Is Linked to the Dynamic Regulation of a Leptin-Klf15 Axis and Akt/AMPKα Signaling in Male Offspring of Obese Dams. (United States)

    Kasper, Philipp; Vohlen, Christina; Dinger, Katharina; Mohr, Jasmine; Hucklenbruch-Rother, Eva; Janoschek, Ruth; Köth, Jessica; Matthes, Jan; Appel, Sarah; Dötsch, Jörg; Alejandre Alcazar, Miguel A


    Childhood obesity is associated with renal diseases. Maternal obesity is a risk factor linked to increased adipocytokines and metabolic disorders in the offspring. Therefore, we studied the impact of maternal obesity on renal-intrinsic insulin and adipocytokine signaling and on renal function and structure. To induce maternal obesity, female mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) or a standard diet (SD; control group) prior to mating, during gestation, and throughout lactation. A third group of dams was fed HFD only during lactation (HFD-Lac). After weaning at postnatal day (P)21, offspring of all groups received SD. Clinically, HFD offspring were overweight and insulin resistant at P21. Although no metabolic changes were detected at P70, renal sodium excretion was reduced by 40%, and renal matrix deposition increased in the HFD group. Mechanistically, two stages were differentiated. In the early stage (P21), compared with the control group, HFD showed threefold increased white adipose tissue, impaired glucose tolerance, hyperleptinemia, and hyperinsulinemia. Renal leptin/Stat3-signaling was activated. In contrast, the Akt/ AMPKα cascade and Krüppel-like factor 15 expression were decreased. In the late stage (P70), although no metabolic differences were detected in HFD when compared with the control group, leptin/Stat3-signaling was reduced, and Akt/AMPKα was activated in the kidneys. This effect was linked to an increase of proliferative (cyclinD1/D2) and profibrotic (ctgf/collagen IIIα1) markers, similar to leptin-deficient mice. HFD-Lac mice exhibited metabolic changes at P21 similar to HFD, but no other persistent changes. This study shows a link between maternal obesity and metabolic programming of renal structure and function and intrinsic-renal Stat3/Akt/AMPKα signaling in the offspring. Copyright © 2017 Endocrine Society.

  11. Arvi Hamburg : rumal arst võib tappa korraga ühe inimese, rumal insener tuhandeid / Arvi Hamburg ; interv. Taivo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hamburg, Arvi, 1948-


    Eesti Inseneride Liidu president Arvi Hamburg annab lühiülevaate insenerides arvukusest ja kutsekvalifikatsioonist. Projekt tehnikahariduse ja insenerikutse populaarsuse tõstmiseks. Vt. samas: Lühiülevaade inseneri kutseala kvalifikatsioonitasemetest

  12. Hamburg subway vehicles with new control and traction systems; Hamburger U-Bahn-Fahrzeuge mit neuer Leit- und Antriebstechnik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polster, H.J.; Lehr, G.; Werner-Wieland, P. [Bombardier Transportation, LRV, Mannheim (Germany)


    With a view to testing new technologies for future vehicle series for the Hamburg subway network, the last 17 DT4 cars to be delivered under a current contract were equipped with the latest generation of control and traction systems. A MITRAC control system was installed instead of the MICAS-S type used in the DT4 vehicles delivered before. The GTO converters were replaced by IGBT elements. The concept is designed to allow for the change-over of DT4 vehicles of previous series to the new system. (orig.)

  13. Allegheny County Dam Locations (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset shows the point locations of dams in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data portal...

  14. [Acute ethanol intoxication among children and adolescents in Hamburg, Germany]. (United States)

    Stolle, M; Sack, P-M; Spieles, H; Thomasius, R


    By using an anonymous postcard reporting system, data of n=358 children, adolescents, and young adults who were treated in 26 emergency departments because of acute alcohol intoxication were collected. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of acute alcohol intoxications in Hamburg, compare these data with the official hospital diagnosis register, and analyze the circumstances that led to the intoxication. A total of 358 cases were reported by the postcard system. Age ranged from 11-21 years, with 64.5% being 14-17 years old. Data were collected in the municipal area of Hamburg during the calendar year of 2008. The percentage of female patients was 65.6% in the age group from 11-17 years and decreased in the age group of patients being 18 years and older. A vast majority of patients were admitted by ambulance and were reported as being a"first offender". On average, male patients showed a higher level of blood alcohol when being admitted (2.02 ‰) than female patients (1.76 ‰). The older the age group, the higher the blood alcohol level. Among drinking circumstances, the situation"drank together with friends" was most frequently reported. In comparison with the official hospital diagnosis register, prevalence was 31.6% higher. This could mean that the prevalence reported in the official hospital diagnosis register is an underestimation of the actual case numbers.

  15. [Health Care for Refugees: Challenges and Opportunities in Hamburg]. (United States)

    Jakubowski, Elke; Rau, Cornelius; Quellhorst, Sibylle; Sothmann, Peter; Plenge-Bönig, Anita; Niessen, Johannes


    The massive increase in the number of refugees represents a great challenge to German cities. In Hamburg, 40 868 asylum seekers were registered in 2015, of which 22 315 remained in the city. The goal of the health administration is to provide primary medical care in response to specific health risks and needs of refugees while allowing them to be swiftly integrated into the standard health care system. Public authorities, charities and civil society are working hand in hand. In all reception centres in Hamburg, medical consultations with translation services are offered in fully equipped medical container practices. For every 1 000 refugees, a full-time doctor and a medical assistant are available. In addition to contractual staff, employees of contractually integrated hospitals are participating in the provision of medical care. Systematic collection of data on the health condition of the refugees as well as strengthening public health services are key factors in the planning and improvement of services in the future. Healthier living conditions and access to the standard health care system provide an opportunity to facilitate successful integration of refugees into society. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  16. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Reservoir Number One (MA 00337) Merrimack River Basin. Framingham, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report. (United States)


    be considered adequately safe for access to a water supply gate. Otherwise, the minor defi- " " ciences noted require remedial action, but should have...also been removed by the citizens of Framingham. * The upper part of the reservoir, near Dam Yo. 3, is crossed by a now highway with an iron bridge

  17. Operation and organization of Hamburg's S-Bahn; Verkehr und Betrieb der Hamburger S-Bahn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huettel, M. [S-Bahn Hamburg GmbH, Hamburg (Germany). Projektleitung Stade


    Nearly a hundred years have gone by since the first electric regional-express (S-Bahn) trains ran in Hamburg on the line between Blankenese and Ohlsdorf. Much has changed in the operation of this railway system since then: AC traction has been switched to DC, open-saloon trains have replaced compartment multiple units, and drivers are now responsible for supervising their own trains in stations, replacing the former conductors, platform supervisors and central dispatchers. Over the years, the network has grown, thanks to the construction of new lines, and is now more than 110 kilometres long. A further 35 kilometres are to be added in the coming years, and it is interesting to note that the trains will be returning to an AC feed over 32 of them. Other additions to the network are also possible sometime in the future. Since the 1990s the S-Bahn system has been the object of a thorough modernization programme, including new and renovated trains, a modern operations and service centre and new destination indicators and information columns in stations. The operator, S-Bahn Hamburg GmbH, can rightly claim that passengers' interests are at the heart of its investment decisions. (orig.)

  18. [Telematics and quality. Implementation of a telematic platform in Hamburg]. (United States)

    Niemeyer, A; Stettin, J


    Since the end of the year 2000 a group of interested people has been working on the subject of quality improvement in breast cancer. Within this framework the project "improvement of breast cancer treatment by telemedicine" was started. Based on a workflow analysis and interviews with patients as well as health professionals, it turned out that there are gaps and flaws in the communication process. These problems occurred between health professionals involved in the treatment of patients and between health professionals and patients as well. As a result a telemedicine network has been developed which is based on MPLS technology. Within this network a central communication unit facilitates optimization of the workflow for the treatment of breast cancer. It will also be possible to set up groups for integrated care. Currently the system is being evaluated in specific breast centres in Hamburg. As the net is based on a positive business plan, it can be foreseen that a broad implementation will follow.

  19. [German Society of Urology Congress, Hamburg and the Presidential Medal]. (United States)

    Albrecht, K; Schultheiss, D


    The German Society of Urology (DGU) e. V. meeting has been an integral part of knowledge sharing among national and international experts since 1907. Hamburg was the host city for this meeting nine times (until 2015), including the 47th Annual Meeting of the DGU in 1995 under the presidency of Prof. Dr. U. Jonas (Hannover). As part of the 47th conference, a new insignia in the form of the Presidential Medal was given to the designated successor for the first time. The medal, which is in the form of a chain, was made in a small workshop in Idar-Oberstein, Germany.

  20. Project Planning for Cougar Dam during 2010 (United States)

    Haskell, Craig A.; Tiffan, Kenneth F.


    Cougar Dam is a 158 m-tall, rock fill dam located about 63 km east of Springfield, Oregon. Completed in 1963, the dam is owned and operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). It impounds Cougar Reservoir, which is 9.7 km long, has a surface area of 518 ha, and is predominately used for flood control. The pool elevation typically ranges from a maximum conservation pool of 515 m (1,690 ft) National Geodetic Vertical Datum (NGVD) in summer to a minimum flood control elevation of 467 m (1,532 ft NGVD) in winter. The reservoir thermally stratifies in the summer, has an average depth of 37 m, and holds 153,500 acre-feet when full. Cougar Dam is located on the South Fork of the McKenzie River 7 km upstream from the mainstem McKenzie River, a tributary of the Willamette River. The McKenzie River Basin basin supports the largest remaining population of wild spawning spring Chinook salmon in the Willamette River Basin (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; NOAA, 2008). Cougar Dam and others were collectively deemed to cause jeopardy to the sustainability of anadromous fish stocks in the Willamette River Basin (NOAA, 2008). Prior to dam construction, as many as 805 redds were observed in the South Fork of the McKenzie River (Willis and others, 1960) and it is estimated that 40 km of spawning habitat were lost when access was blocked after dam construction. The 2008 Willamette Biological Opinion (BIOP) requires improvements to operations and structures to reduce impacts on Upper Willamette River (UWR) Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and UWR steelhead (O. mykiss; NOAA, 2008). In 2010, an adult fish collection facility was completed below Cougar Dam to collect returning adult salmon for transport to spawning habitats above the dam. Before that time, returning adult spring Chinook salmon were transported to upstream spawning areas as part of a trap-and-haul program with adults passed ranging annually from 0 to 1,038 (Taylor, 2000). The progeny of

  1. Gilles Coignet. A migrant painter from Antwerp and his Hamburg career

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Uppenkamp


    Full Text Available The painter Gilles Coignet was born in Antwerp c. 1542 to a family of artists and scientists. He spent some time in Italy and, as a Lutheran Protestant, fled from Antwerp to Amsterdam in 1585. He lived in Hamburg since 1595, where he died in December 1599. Here he had contact with other Netherlandish artists. Van Mander reports that it was Coignet who advised Vredeman de Vries to move from Hamburg to Amsterdam in 1598. This contribution focuses on Coignet’s last years and sheds new light on the professional and social networks of exiled Netherlandish artists in Hamburg.

  2. Limnology of hartbeespoort dam

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ashton, PJ


    Full Text Available consequences, for example the proliferation of filter clogging algae. Pilot or full-scale experimentation will be necessary to establish the true poten tial of this technique as a in-dam method for dealing with eutrophied waters. (d) Protein harvesting... essential amino-acids and is therefore of little practical use. If the conditions in the dam could be changed to result in a more palatable algae, this will have definite advantages (vi) for its protein production potential. Unfortunately, the factors...

  3. Dam health diagnosis and evaluation (United States)

    Wu, Zhongru; Su, Huaizhi


    Based on the bionics principle in the life sciences field, we regard a dam as a vital and intelligent system. A bionics model is constructed to observe, diagnose and evaluate dam health. The model is composed of a sensing system (nerve), central processing unit (cerebrum) and decision-making implement (organism). In addition, the model, index system and engineering method on dam health assessment are presented. The proposed theories and methods are applied to evaluate dynamically the health of one concrete dam.

  4. Dam of Ksob (Algeria)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stucky, J.P.


    Design of a sediment by-pass. The Ksob dam was heightened in 1977 in order to increase its storage capacity. A sediment derivation tunnel by-passing the reservoir was designed for a second stage. It will be operated during floods and is expected to delay significantly important storage losses due to reservoir sedimentation.

  5. Evaluation of Georgia asphalt mixture properties using a Hamburg wheel-tracking device. (United States)


    This study used a Hamburg Wheel-Tracking Device (HWTD) to evaluate the resistance of Georgia asphalt mixtures to rutting and stripping. It aimed to develop an HWTD test procedure and criteria aligned with GDOTs asphalt materials and mixture design...

  6. Quarterly Costs Of Transporting Brazilian Soybeans From The North And Northeastern Ports To Hamburg, Germany (United States)

    Department of Agriculture — Quarterly total landed costs (truck and ocean) of shipping Brazilian soybeans through the ports of Santarém and São Luís to Hamburg, Germany. This is table 6 of the...

  7. [Madness and malaria--intersections and boundary blurring between psychiatry and tropical medicine in Hamburg]. (United States)

    Wulf, Stefan; Schmiedebach, Heinz-Peter


    The object of this article is to point out and to discuss the significant intersections and boundary blurring between psychiatry and tropical medicine while treating malaria in the German "colonial metropolis" Hamburg. The focus of this study is the Hamburg asylum at Friedrichsberg and the Institute for Maritime and Tropical Diseases (Hamburg Tropical Institute). Under analysis are two groups of patients as well as the means with which their doctors treated them: 1. patients who have been sent back from the German colonies in Africa after mental disorders had been diagnosed, and 2. patients suffering from general paralysis and treated in Friedrichsberg after 1919 using the then newly developed malaria fever therapy (according to Wagner-Jauregg). The implementation of this latter led to an intensification of the cooperation between psychiatry and tropical medicine in Hamburg which prior to this had been only very sporadic.

  8. Die Bedeutung des industriellen Sektors in der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg


    Kowalewski, Julia; Teuber, Mark-Oliver


    Die Hamburger Industrieunternehmen sind ein bedeutender Faktor für die Schaffung und Sicherung von Arbeitsplätzen in der Hansestadt und dem gesamten Umland. Durch eine weitreichende Branchenvielfalt bildet die Hamburger Industrie den vollständigen Wertschöpfungsprozess ab. Zudem leistet sie einen wesentlichen Beitrag zu Einkommens-, Körperschafts- und Kommunalsteuern. Ein besonderer Schwerpunkt der Hansestadt liegt zum Beispiel im Bereich des Luft- und Raumfahrzeugbaus. Aber auch andere, teil...

  9. Three Gorges Dam, China (United States)


    This ASTER image shows a 60 km stretch of the Yangtze River in China, including the Xiling Gorge, the eastern of the three gorges. In the left part of the image is the construction site of the Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest.This image was acquired on July 20, 2000 by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER will image Earth for the next 6 years to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, a long-term research and technology program designed to examine Earth's land, oceans, atmosphere, ice and life as a total integrated system.The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.Size: 60 x 24 km (36 x 15 miles) Location: 30.6 deg. North lat., 111.2 deg. East long. Orientation: North at top Image Data: ASTER bands 1,2, and 3

  10. [Quality of Glaucoma Care in the Greater Hamburg Area]. (United States)

    Waibel, S; Gesser, C; Klemm, M


    Background There is insufficient data on the quality of health services and health-related quality of life of patients with glaucoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which the health services for glaucoma patients in the Greater Hamburg area conform to the guidelines set by the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG). Materials and Methods 196 glaucoma patients were offered an interview-administered questionnaire during their inpatient diurnal IOP measurement. The quality of glaucoma care and examinations recommended by the DOG were analysed. The results of the questionnaire were correlated with glaucoma severity, according to the stage of visual field defects. The correlation to the type of glaucoma was also analysed. Results The frequency of visits to the ophthalmologist was 5.1 per year. Most patients reported quarterly medical consultations. The majority of patients reported short waiting periods, because appointments were made in advance. In 92 % of cases, an intraocular pressure measurement was performed with each medical consultation. Half of the patients stated that their intraocular pressure had been measured at different times of the day. The visual field was tested a mean of 0.9 times per year at the ophthalmology clinic, but 1.4 times per year in the outpatient area. Further measures for glaucoma diagnostic testing were carried out 0.8 times per year at the ophthalmology clinic, and 0.4 times per year in the outpatient area. For the majority of patients, there were no additional costs for outpatient glaucoma diagnostic testing. Only 4 % of patients had to pay more than 100 € per year for these services. Conclusions For the majority of glaucoma patients in the Greater Hamburg area, the glaucoma health services conform to the guidelines set by the German Ophthalmological Society. Intraocular pressure measurements were performed on almost all patients at the regular check-ups and visual fields were examined as recommended

  11. Nonvolatile organic pollutants in domestic dust samples from the urban Hamburg area; Schwerfluechtige organische Umweltchemikalien in Hamburger Hausstaeuben

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    Nonvolatile organic pollutants were measured in 65 private apartments, i.e. biocides, softeners, flame protection agents, stabilisers, soot, tar and bitumen which are contained in many everyday products and building materials. The homes were the private homes of staff members of the Hamburg Environmental Office and their friends; none of the homes were problem cases. The information was obtained by collecting vacuum cleaner dust. The inhomogeneous dust was screened, and the < 63 {mu}m fraction was analyzed. This fraction was homogeneously enough to provide reproducible results. Chloroparaffins and organic tin compounds were measured for the first time ever in this project. While the concentrations of chloroparaffins were significant, organic tin compounds are rather scarce. Bis(2,ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) was the main component in nearly all household dust samples. Phthalates in general had the highest concentrations. Next to phthalates, chloroparaffins and the biocide permethrin were found in high concentrations, followed by organic phosphates, further biocides, organic tin compounds and benzo(a)pyrene. The individual substances wre assessed on the basis of 95 percent percentiles obtained from the measured frequency distributions. This figure means that 95 percent of the household dust have a lower or equal concentration than the 95 percent percentile. 95 percent percentiles are generally used as reference values in environmental measurements. The reference values presented here should be considered as preliminary values, owing to the fact that the apartments are not representative of the city of Hamburg, and 65 dust samples are too small a data base. Among the most important substances, owing to their high concentrations and/or toxic effects, are DEHP with a preliminary reference value of 1600 mg/kg of household dust, dibutyl phthalate with 180 mg/kg of dust, short-chain chloroparaffins with 180 mg/kg of dust, permethrin with 110 mg/kg of dust, monobutyl tin

  12. Interdisciplinary approach to design, performance, and quality management in a multicenter newborn hearing screening project. Discussion of the results of newborn hearing screening in Hamburg (part II). (United States)

    Rohlfs, Anna-Katharina; Wiesner, Thomas; Drews, Holger; Müller, Frank; Breitfuss, Achim; Schiller, Regina; Hess, Markus


    Previously presented results of the newborn hearing screening in Hamburg and the perspectives are subsequently discussed. Minimum standards referring a participation of 95% of the neonates and a fail rate of less than 4% hearing-impaired children at the primary screening are fulfilled in Hamburg. Systematic screening of newborn hearing by an interdisciplinary approach provides early identification and intervention for children with permanent unilateral and bilateral hearing loss. But a newborn hearing screening on a voluntary basis alone cannot be maintained in the long run. Further, an anonymous data collection is not sufficient in regard to an uninterrupted tracking of conspicuous and unscreened neonates. A lost-to-follow-up rate of 31.3% at primary screening in Hamburg is much too high and emphasizes the need for a public health approach to a population-based newborn hearing screening with an elaborate and name-based tracking system. The legislation and implementation of a nationwide newborn hearing screening program in Germany and the association of German newborn hearing screening centers are highlighting long efforts of hearing professionals. But the implementation of a newborn hearing screening only makes sense if there exists an efficient tracking system. Sad to say, we are still a long way from the implementation of such a tracking system.

  13. Processing, physicochemical, and sensory analyses of ostrich meat hamburger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Lúcia Ferreira de Souza


    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to assess the potential utilization of ostrich meat trimming in hamburger preparation, as well as its physicochemical and sensory characterization. Using ostrich meat trimmings from the legs and neck, four different formulations were prepared with varied amounts of bacon and textured soybean protein. Physical analysis of yield, shrinkage percentage, and water retention capacity and chemical analysis of proximate composition, cholesterol levels, and calories were performed. The formulations underwent sensory analysis by 52 potential ostrich meat consumers, who evaluated tenderness, juiciness, flavor, and purchase intent. The formulations containing textured soybean protein showed the highest yield, lowest shrinkage percentage, and highest water retention capacity. Lipid content varied from 0.58 to 4.99%; protein from 17.08 to 21.37%; ash from 3.00 to 3.62%; moisture from 73.87 to 76.27%; cholesterol from 22.54 to 32.11 mg.100 g-1; and calorie from 87.22 to 163.42 kcal.100 g-1. All formulations showed low cholesterol and calorie levels, even that containing 10% bacon and 3.5% textured soybean protein, which achieved the best scores and acceptance by the panelists.

  14. The Hamburg Ocean Atmosphere Parameters and Fluxes from Satellite Data – HOAPS-3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Andersson


    Full Text Available The availability of microwave instruments on satellite platforms allows the retrieval of essential water cycle components at high quality for improved understanding and evaluation of water processes in climate modelling. HOAPS-3, the latest version of the satellite climatology "Hamburg Ocean Atmosphere Parameters and Fluxes from Satellite Data" provides fields of turbulent heat fluxes, evaporation, precipitation, freshwater flux and related atmospheric variables over the global ice-free ocean. This paper describes the content, methodology and retrievals of the HOAPS climatology. A sophisticated processing chain, including all available Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I instruments aboard the satellites of the Defense Meteorological Satellites Program (DMSP and careful inter-sensor calibration, ensures a homogeneous time-series with dense data sampling and hence detailed information of the underlying weather situations. The completely reprocessed data set with a continuous time series from 1987 to 2005 contains neural network based algorithms for precipitation and wind speed and Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR based SST fields. Additionally, a new 85 GHz synthesis procedure for the defective SSM/I channels on DMSP F08 from 1988 on has been implemented. Freely available monthly and pentad means, twice daily composites and scan-based data make HOAPS-3 a versatile data set for studying ocean-atmosphere interaction on different temporal and spatial scales. HOAPS-3 data products are available via

  15. From Holland to Hamburg: The Experimental and Community Schools of Hamburg Seen through the Eyes of Dutch Observers (1919-1933) (United States)

    Braster, Sjaak


    In the period 1919-1933 the experimental and community schools in Hamburg tried to put into practice a new model of schooling without a set curriculum that was based on providing a considerable amount of freedom for pupils and teachers. These experiences were introduced in the Netherlands by way of magazines published by the New Education…

  16. Description of measles D4-Hamburg outbreak in Hamburg, Germany, December 2008 to June 2009, which disproportionally affected a local Roma community. (United States)

    Hegasy, G; Kätzner, K; Helle, M; Mankertz, A; Baumgarte, S; Wille, A; Fell, G


    From December 2008 to June 2009 a measles outbreak occurred in the Federal State of Hamburg, Germany. The outbreak affected 216 persons and was caused by a new measles strain termed D4-Hamburg which led to consecutive outbreaks between 2009 and 2011 in at least 12 European countries. Here, we describe epidemiological characteristics of the outbreak and evaluate the control measures taken in Hamburg. In one of the seven boroughs of Hamburg a local Roma community comprised more than 50% of the notified cases.We compared in a stratified analysis the age distribution of these cases with cases of fellow citizens who did not belong to the Roma community. The age group of infants (0-11 months) comprised 33% among the non-Roma measles cases, while in the Roma community only 4% belonged to this stratum. In the stratum of 5-17 year-olds only 8% were affected among the non-Roma cases, whereas in the Roma community 50% belonged to this age group. We discuss the influencing factors that might have led to this difference in age distribution between the two groups.

  17. The design and construction of the Shikwamkwa replacement dam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Donnelly, C.R.; Rigbey, S.J.; Rigby, G. [Hatch Energy, Niagara Falls, ON (Canada); Clark, C. [Brookfield Power, Gatineau, PQ (Canada)


    The original Shikwamkwa dam was constructed in 1958 near Wawa, Ontario. It was a zoned earth-fill structure founded on a deep, central impervious core and complex overburden deposit. The primary defence against foundation seepage was a relatively short and thin impervious blanket constructed directly on the course grained river alluvium that was susceptible to piping. Serious incidents occurred shortly after impoundment in 1958, including the development of deep sinkholes in the reservoir, migration of fine particles through the foundation, and boiling at the downstream toe of the dam which continued to cause problems for decades. As the foundation was clearly deteriorated as evidenced by numerous sinkholes in the head pond and boils downstream, as well as concentrated seepage that had formed distinct pathways through the dam, a dam safety management plan was implemented in 1994 involving a phased program of remedial works designed to extend the life of this dam and to provide information on the nature of the problem and the foundation itself. This paper discussed the phased and managed approach for maintaining the safety of the Shikwamkwa dam. The paper provided detailed information on the remedial works program as well as the requirement for a new dam. Analysis of the changing hydrogeological conditions were done using a three-dimensional seepage model. Design and construction of the replacement dam, the use of enriched till in the embankment dam, the design of a plastic concrete cutoff wall, and the sealing between the cutoff wall and irregular bedrock surface using grouting were also outlined. Last, quality control for the cutoff wall and constructing dewatering were discussed. It was concluded that the project was successfully implemented following a fast track design and construction approach. 2 refs., 10 figs.

  18. [Habitus, capital and fields: the search for an acting head of the Hamburg Asylum Friedrichsberg in 1897]. (United States)

    Sammet, Kai


    In 1897 Hamburg was in search of an Oberarzt for the asylum Friedrichsberg who should function as the acting head of the head Wilhelm Reye (1833-1912). This search was part of the intended reformation of the outmoded psychiatric care in Hamburg. During this application procedure the Hamburg Physikus John Wahncau examined all possible candidates and applicants. The article explores the election process by using some sociological categories developed by Pierre Bourdieu (habitus, capital, field). The author argues that not only meritocratic attributes led to the choice of one candidate, but also his functional "fitting" into the field in Hamburg.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Purwati


    Full Text Available Abstract: The stability of check-dam in arboretum of Sumber Brantas village. Sumber Brantas water sources area is arboretum territory which has to be maintained as conservation either for technical or vegetation (plants cover by sustainable development. Arboretum territory is made as asylum in irrigation system district of Brantas River. This research discusses technical conservation activity to build the check dam in conserving the area. Check dam is built dimensionally by using HEC-RAS Program to get safe and stable dimension for rolling, shifting and piping of Sf > 1.5, and based on hydrologic analysis to get maximum flood discharge of 48.01 m3second-1. Hydraulic analysis is used to get water level profile and pressure for the dam body. Stability of the structure will be controlled by construction load (weight of check dam and its fully sediment storage condition. The result of this research shows that the safe and stable dimension for check dam are as follows: 28 meter of width; 3 meter of main height; 1.5 meter of sub-height; 10 meter of stilling basin length (Main Dam–Sub Dam.

  20. Transport, dam passage, and size selection of adult Atlantic Salmon in the Penobscot River, Maine (United States)

    Sigourney, Douglas B.; Zydlewski, Joseph D.; Hughes, Edward; Cox, Oliver


    Prior to 2012, returning adult Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar had to pass through fishways at three dams in the lower section of the Penobscot River, Maine: Veazie Dam (river kilometer [rkm] 48; removed in 2013), Great Works Dam (rkm 60; removed in 2012), and Milford Dam (rkm 62). To facilitate better passage through the lower river, a fish transport program was implemented in 2010 and 2011. Fish were captured at Veazie Dam and were either transported by truck above Milford Dam (TRKD group) or released into the head pond above Veazie Dam (run-of-the-river [ROR] group). To assess the efficacy of transport, we used PIT telemetry to compare the performance and passage of TRKD and ROR fish based on their (1) success in reaching one of the three dams upstream of Milford Dam, (2) time taken to reach an upstream dam (transit time), and (3) success in passing that upstream dam. In both years, the percentage of fish detected at upstream dams was higher for the TRKD group (82.4% in 2010; 78.6% in 2011) than for the ROR group (41.3% in 2010; 22.4% in 2011). In addition, median transit time was faster for TRKD fish (7 d in 2010; 5 d in 2011) than for ROR fish (23 d in 2010; 25 d in 2011). However, passage success through the upstream dams did not differ between the two release groups. Our analysis also revealed a strong, negative size-selective force on dam passage: larger fish were consistently less likely to successfully pass dams than smaller fish. Finally, environmental conditions also influenced passage success. Our analysis shows that the transport of adult Atlantic Salmon can be an effective means by which to increase migration success in systems where upstream passage is poor.

  1. Epidemiological and Ecological Characterization of the EHEC O104:H4 Outbreak in Hamburg, Germany, 2011. (United States)

    Tahden, Maike; Manitz, Juliane; Baumgardt, Klaus; Fell, Gerhard; Kneib, Thomas; Hegasy, Guido


    In 2011, a large outbreak of entero-hemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) occurred in Germany. The City of Hamburg was the first focus of the epidemic and had the highest incidences among all 16 Federal States of Germany. In this article, we present epidemiological characteristics of the Hamburg notification data. Evaluating the epicurves retrospectively, we found that the first epidemiological signal of the outbreak, which was in form of a HUS case cluster, was received by local health authorities when already 99 EHEC and 48 HUS patients had experienced their first symptoms. However, only two EHEC and seven HUS patients had been notified. Middle-aged women had the highest risk for contracting the infection in Hamburg. Furthermore, we studied timeliness of case notification in the course of the outbreak. To analyze the spatial distribution of EHEC/HUS incidences in 100 districts of Hamburg, we mapped cases' residential addresses using geographic information software. We then conducted an ecological study in order to find a statistical model identifying associations between local socio-economic factors and EHEC/HUS incidences in the epidemic. We employed a Bayesian Poisson model with covariates characterizing the Hamburg districts as well as incorporating structured and unstructured spatial effects. The Deviance Information Criterion was used for stepwise variable selection. We applied different modeling approaches by using primary data, transformed data, and preselected subsets of transformed data in order to identify socio-economic factors characterizing districts where EHEC/HUS outbreak cases had their residence.

  2. Recurrence rate and subjective symptoms after standardized (Hamburg protocol) phototherapeutic keratectomy on recurrent corneal erosions. (United States)

    Mehlan, J; Steinberg, J; Traber, L; Katz, T; Linke, S J


    To evaluate the objective and subjective outcome after phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) on recurrent corneal erosions (Hamburg protocol). For the standardized PTK according to Hamburg protocol a manual abrasio corneae performed with 20 % alcohol is followed by an excimer ablation depth of ≥15 μm (group1 15 μm; group 2 > 15 μm ablation depth) and 7 mm optical zone. All patients (N = 48) were invited for follow-up examinations and the evaluation of changes concerning subjective symptoms. A significantly reduced subjective impairment of night vision, significantly less pain and less foreign body sensations (for all p Hamburg Schema) is a safe and effective procedure to reduce subjective symptoms and improve discomfort in recurrent corneal erosion.

  3. Spread of Measles Virus D4-Hamburg, Europe, 2008–2011 (United States)

    Mihneva, Zefira; Gold, Hermann; Baumgarte, Sigrid; Baillot, Armin; Helble, Rudolph; Roggendorf, Hedwig; Bosevska, Golubinka; Nedeljkovic, Jasminka; Makowka, Agata; Hutse, Veronik; Holzmann, Heidemarie; Aberle, Stefan W.; Cordey, Samuel; Necula, Gheorghe; Mentis, Andreas; Korukluoğlu, Gulay; Carr, Michael; Brown, Kevin E.; Hübschen, Judith M.; Muller, Claude P.; Mulders, Mick N.; Santibanez, Sabine


    A new strain of measles virus, D4-Hamburg, was imported from London to Hamburg in December 2008 and subsequently spread to Bulgaria, where an outbreak of >24,300 cases was observed. We analyzed spread of the virus to demonstrate the importance of addressing hard-to-reach communities within the World Health Organization European Region regarding access to medical care and vaccination campaigns. The D4-Hamburg strain appeared during 2009–2011 in Poland, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Austria, Greece, Romania, Turkey, Macedonia, Serbia, Switzerland, and Belgium and was repeatedly reimported to Germany. The strain was present in Europe for >27 months and led to >25,000 cases in 12 countries. Spread of the virus was prevalently but not exclusively associated with travel by persons in the Roma ethnic group; because this travel extends beyond the borders of any European country, measures to prevent the spread of measles should be implemented by the region as a whole. PMID:21801615

  4. Sharp increase of imported Plasmodium vivax malaria seen in migrants from Eritrea in Hamburg, Germany. (United States)

    Roggelin, Louise; Tappe, Dennis; Noack, Bernd; Addo, Marylyn M; Tannich, Egbert; Rothe, Camilla


    Since 2014, a considerable increase in Plasmodium vivax malaria has been observed in Germany. The majority of cases was seen in Eritrean refugees. All patients with P. vivax malaria admitted to the University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf Germany from 2011 until August 2015 were retrospectively identified by the hospital coding system and data was matched with records from the laboratory diagnostics unit of the Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany. Between May 2014 and August 2015, 37 cases were reported in newly-arrived Eritrean refugees at the University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany. Relapses occurred due to difficulties in procurement of primaquine. Countries hosting Eritrean refugees need to be aware of vivax malaria occurring in this group and the risk of autochthonous cases due to local transmission by indigenous, vector competent Anopheles species.

  5. Risk Perception Analysis Related To Existing Dams In Italy (United States)

    Solimene, Pellegrino


    In the first part of this work, the progress of Italian National Rules about dams design, construction and operation are presented to highlight the strong connection existing between the promulgation of new decrees, as a consequence of a dam accidents, and the necessity to prevent further loss of lives and goods downstream. Following the Gleno Dam failure (1923), a special Ministerial Committee wrote out the first Regulations and made the proposal to establish, within the High Council of Public Works, a special department that become soon the "Dam Service", with the tasks of control and supervision about construction and operation phases of the dams and their reservoirs. A different definition of tasks and the structure of Dam Service were provided in accordance with law n° 183/1989, which transferred all the technical services to the Office of the Prime Minister; the aim was to join the Dam Office with the Department for National Technical Services, with the objective of increasing the knowledge of the territory and promoting the study on flood propagation downstream in case of operations on bottom outlet or hypothetical dam-break. In fact, population living downstream is not ready to accept any amount of risk because has not a good knowledge of the efforts of experts involved in dam safety, both from the operators and from the safety Authority. So it's important to optimize all the activities usually performed in a dam safety program and improve the emergency planning as a response to people's primary needs and feeling about safety from Civil Protection Authority. In the second part of the work, a definition of risk is provided as the relationship existing between probability of occurrence and loss, setting out the range within to plan for prevention (risk mitigation), thanks to the qualitative assessment of the minimum safety level that is suited to assign funds to plan for Civil Protection (loss mitigation). The basic meaning of the reliability of a zoned

  6. Gilles Coignet. A migrant painter from Antwerp and his Hamburg career


    Barbara Uppenkamp


    The painter Gilles Coignet was born in Antwerp c. 1542 to a family of artists and scientists. He spent some time in Italy and, as a Lutheran Protestant, fled from Antwerp to Amsterdam in 1585. He lived in Hamburg since 1595, where he died in December 1599. Here he had contact with other Netherlandish artists. Van Mander reports that it was Coignet who advised Vredeman de Vries to move from Hamburg to Amsterdam in 1598. This contribution focuses on Coignet’s last years and sheds new light on t...

  7. [Improving Mental Health Literacy and Mental Illness Stigma in the Population of Hamburg]. (United States)

    Lambert, Martin; Härter, Martin; Arnold, Detlef; Dirmaier, Jörg; Tlach, Lisa; Liebherz, Sarah; Sänger, Sylvia; Karow, Anne; Brandes, Andreas; Sielaff, Gyöngyver; Bock, Thomas


    Evidence shows that poor mental health literacy and stigmatization have negative consequences on mental health. However, studies on interventions to improve both are often heterogenic in methodology and results. The psychenet-campaign in Hamburg was developed and implemented in collaboration with patients and relatives and comprised multidimensional interventions focusing on education and contact to patients. The main goals were the improvement of mental health literacy and destigmatization and the long-term implementation within Hamburg's mental health care system. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  8. Location for new research facility determined X-ray laser XFEL to be realized in the federal states of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein starting in 2006

    CERN Document Server


    "...The site for the XFEL has now been determined by the research center DESY (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron); it was announced today at a press conference in Hamburg. The 3.3-kilometer-long facility is to be located in the federal states of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein. It will begin on the DESY site in Hamburg-Bahrenfeld and run in a north-western direction to the town of Schenefeld (district of Pinneberg), which borders on Hamburg" (1 page).

  9. Damming evidence : Canada and the World Commission on Dams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vert, P.; Parkinson, B.


    Large hydroelectric projects have been met with strong resistance from affected communities, particularly indigenous groups who have been displaced from their flooded communities following the damming of a river. The World Commission on Dams (WCD) was formed in 1998 to review the effectiveness of large dams and develop internationally acceptable guidelines and standards for large dams or hydro energy projects. The Canadian government, through the Canadian International Development Agency, was one of many governments to fund the WCD. However, the authors argue that despite the financial support, the Canadian government was absent from any effort to follow-up on the recommendations of the WCD. The seven strategic priorities in the decision making process include: (1) gaining public acceptance, (2) comprehensive option assessment of water, energy, food and development needs, (3) addressing existing dams to improve the benefits that can be derived from them, (4) sustaining livelihoods, (5) recognizing the entitlements and sharing benefits, (6) ensuring compliance, and (7) sharing rivers for peace, development and security. This report offers a means to assess planned or existing dams and presents a set of guidelines for good practices linked to the seven strategic priorities. Ten case studies from around the world were presented, including the Three Gorges Dam in China. 154 refs., 3 figs., 3 appendices.

  10. Electric current, thermal energy, cold and zero current for the Airport Fuhlsbuettel in Hamburg; Strom, Waerme, Kaelte und Notstrom fuer den Flughafen Fuhlsbuettel, Hamburg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindenau, C. [Ingenieurgesellschaft Ridder/Meyn, Norderstedt (Germany)


    Several technical plants have been built for the energy supply of the new Terminal 4 and Pier of the Airport Fuhlsbuettel in Hamburg. A cogeneration power plant with a refrigerating plant has been erected for the supply with thermal energy, steam, cold and electric current. The energies which have been gained from natural gas have been integrated into the overall system Airport. The task of this plant is to guarantee an almost autarkic supply of the Pier and Terminal with electric current, thermal energy, cold and steam. (orig.) [Deutsch] Fuer die Versorgung des Neubaus Terminal 4 und Pier des Flughafens Fuhlsbuettel in Hamburg, wurden mehrere Technikzentralen neu geschaffen. Fuer die Waerme-, Dampf-, Kaelte- und Stromversorgung ist ein Blockheizkraftwerk mit Kaeltezentrale errichtet worden. Die hier aus Erdgas gewandelten Energien sind in das Gesamtsystem des Flughafens eingebunden. Aufgabe dieser Zentrale ist es, fuer eine weitgehend autarke Versorgung des Neubaus Pier und Terminal mit Strom, Waerme, Kaelte und Dampf zu sorgen. (orig.)

  11. Landscape Evolution Modelling of naturally dammed rivers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Gorp, Wouter; Temme, Arnaud J. A. M.; Baartman, Jantiene E. M.; Schoorl, Jeroen M.


    Natural damming of upland river systems, such as landslide or lava damming, occurs worldwide. Many dams fail shortly after their creation, while other dams are long-lived and therefore have a long-term impact on fluvial and landscape evolution. This long-term impact is still poorly understood and

  12. 7 CFR 1724.55 - Dam safety. (United States)


    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Dam safety. 1724.55 Section 1724.55 Agriculture... § 1724.55 Dam safety. (a) The provisions of this section apply only to RUS financed electric system... for Dam Safety,”(Guidelines), as applicable. A dam, as more fully defined in the Guidelines, is...

  13. Ergebnisse der Nachuntersuchung einiger Rhizostomeen-Typen Haeckel's und Chun's aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Hamburg

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stiasny, G.


    Durch das Entgegenkommen der Herren Prof. Dr. Hans Lohmann und Prof. Dr. Ernst Hentschel, denen ich hiefür bestens danke, wurde ich in die Lage versetzt, einige Typen-Exemplare von Haeckel und Chun, die sich im Zoologischen Museum der Universität in Hamburg befinden, nachzuuntersuchen. Dies erwies

  14. Local effects of global climate change on the urban drainage system of Hamburg. (United States)

    Krieger, Klaus; Kuchenbecker, Andreas; Hüffmeyer, Nina; Verworn, Hans-Reinhard


    The Hamburg Water Group owns and operates a sewer network with a total length of more than 5,700 km. There has been increasing attention paid to the possible impacts of predicted changes in precipitation patterns on the sewer network infrastructure. The primary objective of the work presented in this paper is an estimation of the hydraulic impacts of climate change on the Hamburg drainage system. As a first step, simulated rainfalls based on the regional climate model REMO were compared and validated with long-term precipitation measurements. In the second step, the hydraulic effects on the sewer network of Hamburg have been analyzed based on simulated long-term rainfall series for the period of 2000-2100. Simulation results show a significant increase in combined sewer overflows by 50% as well as an increase in surcharges of storm sewer manholes. However, there is still a substantial amount of uncertainty resulting from model uncertainty and unknown development of future greenhouse gas emissions. So far, there seems to be no sound basis for the implementation of an overall climate factor for sewer dimensioning for the Hamburg region. Nevertheless, possible effects of climate change should be taken into account within the planning process for major sewer extensions or modifications.

  15. Achievement Inequalities in Hamburg Schools: How Do They Change as Students Get Older? (United States)

    Caro, Daniel H.; Lehmann, Rainer


    A handful of studies have found evidence of a gap in academic achievement between students of high- and low-socioeconomic status (SES) families. Furthermore, some scholars argue that the gap tends to widen as students get older. Evidence is, however, inconclusive and relies mostly on limited methodological designs. Drawing on the Hamburg School…

  16. Kalle Hamburg lõi kartulirekordi / Silja Lättemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lättemäe, Silja, 1952-


    Kalle Hamburg on saanud Eesti kõigi aegade suurima kartulisaagi 75 t/ha ja juurutanud paarkümmend uut kartulisorti. Tema talu Raplamaalt pälvis aasta talu tiitli. Lisaks nimekiri: Konkursi "Eesti parim talu 2008" võitjad

  17. From the Quixotic to the Pragmatic: The "Hamburg Declaration", Adult Education, and Work (United States)

    Rose, Amy


    The "Hamburg Declaration" (UNESCO, 1997) is perhaps most quixotic and prescient in laying out the changing world of work as envisioned in 1997. It includes particular commitments to promote the rights to work and to work-related adult learning, to increase access to work-related adult learning for different target groups, and to…

  18. Methods of analyzing regional dermatological care as exemplified by the city of Hamburg. (United States)

    Augustin, Jobst; Erasmi, Stefan; Reusch, Michael; Augustin, Matthias


    The rural-urban divide is often linked to regional inequalities in healthcare. However, studies have also shown regional healthcare disparities within urban areas. To evaluate these studies, further parameters such as accessibility must be added to the standard criteria. The objective of this study was to present methodic tools for evaluating dermatological healthcare provision in Hamburg, primarily focusing on accessibility. Analyzing data from 97 districts, the geographical distribution of 101 dermatologists and the physician-patient ratio were determined. In a second step, network analysis regarding accessibility was performed. There are regional inequalities in Hamburg with respect to dermatological care. Depending on the district, the physician-patient ratio ranges from 44.9 % (undersupply) to > 500 % (oversupply). Similar differences exist regarding accessibility. Although 94.5 % of the population of Hamburg is able to reach the nearest dermatologist within ten minutes (by car), it may take more than 30 minutes depending on district and mode of transportation. Analysis of the physician-patient ratio reveals differences regarding dermatological care in Hamburg. However, results of the network analysis show that these differences do not significantly affect access to dermatological care. Therefore, network analysis should be used as an additional tool to evaluate regional healthcare provision. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. Spectator Democracy: An Intersectional Analysis of Education Reform in Hamburg, Germany (United States)

    Bale, Jeff


    This article uses the theoretical framework of intersectionality to analyze a partially failed school reform measure in Hamburg, Germany and the political conflict over it between 2008 and 2010. The analysis focuses on "the extent to which" and the "mechanisms by which" the interests of marginalized members of the proreform…

  20. [Urban Health (StadtGesundheit): The Wider Perspective Exemplified by the City State of Hamburg]. (United States)

    Fehr, R; Fertmann, R; Stender, K-P; Lettau, N; Trojan, A


    Public health and city planning have common roots, and in many places they are now reuniting under the heading of urban health. To organize this field adequately requires a broad, integrative view of medical care, health promotion, and health in all urban policies. Given current crises and developments including climate change and globalization, such a wider perspective should also be useful for Germany. Using the City State of Hamburg as an example and combining historic and systematic approaches, we explore the preconditions for in-depth analyses. Our results show that health is a significant topic of Hamburg urban policy, featuring a broad range of structures, processes and actors, both within the health sector and far beyond. Health promotion over the last 30 years evolved notably from a niche topic into an established field with remarkable cooperative structures. The tradition of comprehensive reporting on urban health in Hamburg that was initiated more than 200 years ago is no longer alive today. However, local health reporting keeps integrating a wide range of diverse topics. Communication among the Hamburg health actors - beyond straightforward medical quality assurance - does not seem to focus on critical evaluations, e. g. concerning social and ecologic sustainability. A prerequisite for in-depth analyses including external comparisons is to secure permanent access to relevant sources. Robust approaches to this end, however, seem to be lacking. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  1. Modeling and Simulation of Hamburger Cooking Process Using Finite Difference and CFD Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Sargolzaei


    Full Text Available Unsteady-state heat transfer in hamburger cooking process was modeled using one dimensional finite difference (FD and three dimensional computational fluid dynamic (CFD models. A double-sided cooking system was designed to study the effect of pressure and oven temperature on the cooking process. Three different oven temperatures (114, 152, 204°C and three different pressures (20, 332, 570 pa were selected and 9 experiments were performed. Applying pressure to hamburger increases the contact area of hamburger with heating plate and hence the heat transfer rate to the hamburger was increased and caused the weight loss due to water evaporation and decreasing cooking time, while increasing oven temperature led to increasing weight loss and decreasing cooking time. CFD predicted results were in good agreement with the experimental results than the finite difference (FD ones. But considering the long time needed for CFD model to simulate the cooking process (about 1 hour, using the finite difference model would be more economic.

  2. Acceptance of fish hamburgers in school meals in the Southwest Region of Paraná, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandra Schuastz BREDA


    Full Text Available Abstract The regular consumption of fish provides health gains for people, and its introduction in school meals is an important strategy to insert the habit of consuming this food by a population. Thus the objective of this study was to verify the acceptance of fish, presented in the form of hamburger, by children in municipal primary schools in the town of Pato Branco, Brazil, in which the school cooks had been trained to produce fish hamburgers. Acceptance was evaluated using a hedonic scale with 5 facial classifications (1 = disliked extremely to 5 = liked extremely. Students of both genders from 5 to 10 years of age (n = 142 were served the hamburgers for their midday meal, representing the protein portion of the meal. The results were analyzed by logistic regression. No effect of age or gender was observed between the children in the acceptance of the hamburgers, but the interaction between age and gender was significant. The cluster analysis was applied to distinguish this interaction using two-way joining to present the results, which showed the effect between specific age and gender situations. The acceptance index was 87% showing the potential for the consumption of this food by children.

  3. Occurrence of Clostridium difficile in seasoned hamburgers and seven processing plants in Iran. (United States)

    Esfandiari, Zahra; Weese, Scott; Ezzatpanah, Hamid; Jalali, Mohammad; Chamani, Mohammad


    The recent increment of the incidence of Community Associated Clostridium difficile Infection (CA)-CDI has led to speculation that this disease is associated to foodborne transmission. Therefore it is critical to establish the community sources of CDI in order to implement the appropriate interventions. The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of C. difficile in seasoned hamburger and examine the sources of C. difficile dispersal in hamburger processing plants. A total of 211 samples including hamburger ingredients, the final product, processing equipment and food contact surfaces were collected from seven hamburger processing plants to evaluate the routes of dispersal of C. difficile. The samples were assessed for the occurrence of C. difficile using culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods. All isolates were screened for the existence of toxin A, B and binary toxin genes. In addition, isolates were subjected to PCR ribotyping. Overall, 9/211 (4.2%) samples were positive. Toxigenic C. difficile were detected from 2/7 (28.5%) hamburger processing plants, in (3/54) 5.6% of beef meat samples, (2/56) 3.5% of swabs taken from the environment and (4/56) 7.1% of hamburger samples after both molding and freezing. C. difficile was not found in 45 non-meat ingredients including 14 defrosted onions, 14 textured soy proteins and 17 seasonings. All isolates contained tcdB gene while 7 strains were positive for tcdA and two remaining strains were negative for tcdA. None of the isolates harbored binary toxin gene (cdtB). PCR ribotyping of 9 isolates categorized into four ribotypes (IR21, IR 22, IR 23 and IR24). Ribotype IR 22 was the most common type 6/9 (66.6%) found. This genotype was isolated from raw meat, environmental samples and hamburger after both forming and freezing in one processing plant, suggesting raw beef meat as a possible major source of contamination. Hyper-virulent strains of ribotype were not found in this study however

  4. Big Lake Dam Inspection Report (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes an inspection of the Big Lake Dam that was done in September of 1983. The inspection did not reveal any conditions that constitute and...

  5. Molecular Method Development to Identify Foodborne Sarcocystishominis in Raw Beef Commercial Hamburger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahador Hajimohammadi


    Full Text Available Background: Sarcocystisspp. is zoonotic parasitic pathogen endangering safety of meat and derived meat products such as hamburgers which is among the most popular fast foods worldwide. Objectives: The current study aimed to design a protocol for molecular identification of Sarcocystis hominis in commercial hamburgers using PCR-RFLP with target of 18S rRNA. Materials and Methods: A total of 25 raw commercial hamburger samples were randomly collected from supermarkets of Yazd city, Iran. Five mm slices from different parts of each sample were selected, well mixed, and then preserved in ethanol 70% at -20°C for the next steps. The genomic DNA was extracted using salting out method. Detection and identification of Sarcocystis isolates were performed using PCR RFLP. The 18s rRNA gene sequence was mined from GenBank and the specific primer pair was designed using Primer3 software. Restriction fragment length polymorphims (RFLP analysis was performed using BfaI and RsaI restriction enzymes. The digestion was analyzed, using agarose gel electrophoresis alongside 100base pair DNA ladder. Results: Among 25 commercial hamburger samples, 17 samples showed a PCR product around 900 bp which could detect Sarcocyst Spp. After RFLP with BfaI, the restriction fragments of 376 bp and 397 bp detected S. hominis or S. hirsuta and fragments of 184 bp, 371 bp and 382 bp detected S. cruzi. After RFLP with RsaI, the restriction fragments of 376 bp and 557 bp detected S. hirsuta and fragment of 926 bp, without any digestion, detected S. hominis. For verification, each species detected in samples was randomly selected and sent for sequencing and the results were analyzed with BLAST. Conclusions: In conclusion, the current study developed a practical technique to detect the prevalence of S. hominis in meat products such as hamburgers.

  6. Epidemiological and Ecological Characterization of the EHEC O104:H4 Outbreak in Hamburg, Germany, 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maike Tahden

    Full Text Available In 2011, a large outbreak of entero-hemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS occurred in Germany. The City of Hamburg was the first focus of the epidemic and had the highest incidences among all 16 Federal States of Germany. In this article, we present epidemiological characteristics of the Hamburg notification data. Evaluating the epicurves retrospectively, we found that the first epidemiological signal of the outbreak, which was in form of a HUS case cluster, was received by local health authorities when already 99 EHEC and 48 HUS patients had experienced their first symptoms. However, only two EHEC and seven HUS patients had been notified. Middle-aged women had the highest risk for contracting the infection in Hamburg. Furthermore, we studied timeliness of case notification in the course of the outbreak. To analyze the spatial distribution of EHEC/HUS incidences in 100 districts of Hamburg, we mapped cases' residential addresses using geographic information software. We then conducted an ecological study in order to find a statistical model identifying associations between local socio-economic factors and EHEC/HUS incidences in the epidemic. We employed a Bayesian Poisson model with covariates characterizing the Hamburg districts as well as incorporating structured and unstructured spatial effects. The Deviance Information Criterion was used for stepwise variable selection. We applied different modeling approaches by using primary data, transformed data, and preselected subsets of transformed data in order to identify socio-economic factors characterizing districts where EHEC/HUS outbreak cases had their residence.

  7. Ririe Dam Release Test Assessment (United States)


    Notes HEC - RAS Location Station (ft) Observation Notes 1420 Ririe Dam Ririe Dam 119,880 Gates opened and initial release started. 1455 115th St...16°F air temperature. Table A2. Observations made on 11 February 2013. Time Location Notes HEC - RAS Location Station (ft) Observation Notes...ERDC/CRREL TR-13-10 52 Time Location Notes HEC - RAS Location Station (ft) Observation Notes Travel Time* (sec) Vel.** (fps) 1224 5th

  8. Modernization of the graphics post-processors of the Hamburg German Climate Computer Center Carbon Cycle Codes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stevens, E.J.; McNeilly, G.S.


    The existing National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) code in the Hamburg Oceanic Carbon Cycle Circulation Model and the Hamburg Large-Scale Geostrophic Ocean General Circulation Model was modernized and reduced in size while still producing an equivalent end result. A reduction in the size of the existing code from more than 50,000 lines to approximately 7,500 lines in the new code has made the new code much easier to maintain. The existing code in Hamburg model uses legacy NCAR (including even emulated CALCOMP subrountines) graphics to display graphical output. The new code uses only current (version 3.1) NCAR subrountines.

  9. Facility Location Evaluation for Bonneville Dam Integrating Transmission, Study Area 77-2 : Draft Supplement to the Environmental Statement, Fiscal Year 1977 Proposed Program.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.


    The overall construction and maintenance program in general, the Pacific Northwest Environment in which it operates, and the environmental impacts that typically occur from transmission line construction and maintenance activities are described. A framework for evaluation of specific proposals is provided. The need for a specific new transmission facility proposed as part of the Annual Proposed Program is identified and the probable environmental impact of constructing the facility in accordance with a general proposed system plan and alternative plans is outlined. This expands the facility planning supplement to include alternative locations for the proposed new facility and environmental impacts associated with each alternative location. This supplement was prepared after public and agency review of the final planning supplement had been completed and reconnaissance studies were made.

  10. Monitoring and Evaluation of Smolt Migration in the Columbia Basin : Volume IX : Evaluation of the 2001 Predictions of the Run-Timing of Wild and Hatchery-Reared Migrant Salmon and Steelhead Trout Migrating to Lower Granite, Rock Island, McNary, and John Day Dams using Program RealTime.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burgess, Caitlin; Skalski, John R.


    Program RealTime provided tracking and forecasting of the 2001 inseason outmigration via the internet for eighteen PIT-tagged stocks of wild salmon and steelhead to Lower Granite and/or McNary dams and eleven passage-indexed stocks to Rock Island, McNary, or John Day dams. Nine of the PIT-tagged stocks tracked this year were new to the project. Thirteen ESUs of wild subyearling and yearling chinook salmon and steelhead, and one ESU of hatchery-reared sockeye salmon were tracked and forecasted to Lower Granite Dam. Eight wild ESUs of subyearling and yearling chinook salmon, sockeye salmon and steelhead were tracked to McNary Dam for the first time this year. Wild PIT-tagged ESUs tracked to Lower Granite Dam included yearling spring/summer chinook salmon release-recovery stocks (from Bear Valley Creek, Catherine Creek, Herd Creek, Imnaha River, Johnson Creek, Lostine River, Minam River, South Fork Salmon River, Secesh River, and Valley Creek), PIT-tagged wild runs-at-large of yearling chinook salmon and steelhead, and a PIT-tagged stock of subyearling fall chinook salmon. The stock of hatchery-reared PIT-tagged summer-run sockeye salmon smolts outmigrating to Lower Granite Dam, consisted this year of a new stock of fish from Alturas Lake Creek, Redfish Lake Creek Trap and Sawtooth Trap. The passage-indexed stocks, counted using FPC passage indices, included combined wild- and hatchery-reared runs-at-large of subyearling and yearling chinook, coho, and sockeye salmon, and steelhead migrating to Rock Island and McNary dams, and, new this year, combined wild and hatchery subyearling chinook salmon to John Day Dam. Unusual run-timing and fish passage characteristics were observed in this low-flow, negligible-spill migration year. The period for the middle 80% of fish passage (i.e., progress from the 10th to the 90th percentiles) was unusually short for nine out of ten PIT-tagged yearling spring/summer chinook salmon stocks tracked to Lower Granite Dam. It was the

  11. Conflicts Associated with Dam Removal in Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna G. C. Lejon


    Full Text Available The increasing number of deteriorating old dams that need renovation or have lost their function make dam removal a viable management option. There are at least four major reasons for dam removal: safety, law and policy, economy, and ecology. Here we discuss 17 Swedish dams that were recently considered for removal. Because dam removal usually causes controversy, dam removal initiatives may succeed, fail, or result in a compromise such as a bypass channel for migrating fish. We identify and discuss three major obstructions to dam removal: funding, cultural-historical values, and threatened species. To facilitate dam removal, the reasons for, and the effects of, dam removal must be carefully explained, and the public and stakeholders must be kept informed. In complicated cases in which compromise solutions may be the most feasible outcome, the integration of the knowledge of different stakeholders is crucial. The involvement of diverse stakeholders increases their willingness to find compromises, thus avoiding conflicts and failures.

  12. Damming the rivers of the Amazon basin (United States)

    Latrubesse, Edgardo M.; Arima, Eugenio Y.; Dunne, Thomas; Park, Edward; Baker, Victor R.; D'Horta, Fernando M.; Wight, Charles; Wittmann, Florian; Zuanon, Jansen; Baker, Paul A.; Ribas, Camila C.; Norgaard, Richard B.; Filizola, Naziano; Ansar, Atif; Flyvbjerg, Bent; Stevaux, Jose C.


    More than a hundred hydropower dams have already been built in the Amazon basin and numerous proposals for further dam constructions are under consideration. The accumulated negative environmental effects of existing dams and proposed dams, if constructed, will trigger massive hydrophysical and biotic disturbances that will affect the Amazon basin’s floodplains, estuary and sediment plume. We introduce a Dam Environmental Vulnerability Index to quantify the current and potential impacts of dams in the basin. The scale of foreseeable environmental degradation indicates the need for collective action among nations and states to avoid cumulative, far-reaching impacts. We suggest institutional innovations to assess and avoid the likely impoverishment of Amazon rivers.

  13. Entwicklung einer integrativen Informationssystemarchitektur für Customer-Relationship-Management und Supply-Chain-Management - Hamburg


    Selk, Bernhard


    Entwicklung einer integrativen Informationssystemarchitektur für Customer-Relationship-Management und Supply-Chain-Management - Hamburg : Kovač, 2005. - XIV, 322 S. - (Studien zur Wirtschaftsinformatik ; 17). - Zugl.: Augsburg, Univ., Diss., 2005

  14. Seismic risk assessment for Poiana Uzului (Romania) buttress dam on Uz river (United States)

    Moldovan, Iren-Adelina; Toma-Danila, Dragos; Paerele, Cosmin Marian; Emilian Toader, Victorin; Petruta Constantin, Angela; Ghita, Cristian


    The most important specific requirements towards dams' safety is the seismic risk assessment. This objective will be accomplished by rating the dams into seismic risk classes using the theory of Bureau and Ballentine, 2002, and Bureau (2003), taking into account the maximum expected peak ground motions at dams' site, the structures vulnerability and the downstream risk characteristics. The maximum expected values for ground motions at dams' site have been obtained using probabilistic seismic hazard assessment approaches. The structural vulnerability was obtained from dams' characteristics (age, high, water volume) and the downstream risk was assessed using human, economical, touristic, historic and cultural heritage information from the areas that might be flooded in the case of a dam failure. A couple of flooding scenarios have been performed. The results of the work consist of local and regional seismic information, specific characteristics of dam, seismic hazard values for different return periods and risk classes. The studies realized in this paper have as final goal to provide in the near future the local emergency services with warnings of a potential dam failure and ensuing flood as a result of a large earthquake occurrence, allowing further public training for evacuation. Acknowledgments This work was partially supported by the Partnership in Priority Areas Program - PNII, under MEN-UEFISCDI, DARING Project no. 69/2014 and the Nucleu Program - PN 16-35, Project no. 03 01 and 01 06.

  15. CAS on Free-Electron Lasers and Energy Recovery Linacs in Hamburg

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Accelerator School


    The CERN Accelerator School (CAS) and DESY held a jointly-organised specialised course on Free-Electron Lasers and Energy Recovery Linacs (FELs and ERLs) in Hamburg, Germany, from 31 May to 10 June 2016.      The course was held in the Hotel Scandic Emporio in Hamburg and was attended by 68 participants of 13 nationalities, coming from countries as far away as China, Iran and Japan. The intensive programme comprised 44 lectures and one seminar. Following introductory lectures on electromagnetism, relativity and synchrotron radiation issues, the basic requirements of linacs and ERLs were discussed. Detailed lectures on the theory of FEL science followed. Undulators and the process of lasing and seeding were covered in some detail along with lectures on various beam dynamics and beam control issues. Case studies, for which seven hours were allocated, completed the academic programme. For these, the students were divided into small groups and tasked with completing the basic desig...

  16. Rationale and content of psychenet: the Hamburg Network for Mental Health. (United States)

    Härter, Martin; Kentgens, Maren; Brandes, Andreas; Bock, Thomas; Dirmaier, Jörg; Erzberger, Melanie; Fürstenberg, Werner; Hillebrandt, Bernd; Karow, Anne; von dem Knesebeck, Olaf; König, Hans-Helmut; Löwe, Bernd; Meyer, Hans-Jochim; Romer, Georg; Rouhiainen, Tuula; Scherer, Martin; Thomasius, Rainer; Watzke, Birgit; Wegscheider, Karl; Lambert, Martin


    With the public-funded research and development project psychenet: the Hamburg Network for Mental Health (2011-2014), the Federal Ministry of Education and Research contributes to strengthening healthcare regions in Germany by establishing new trans-sectoral cooperations and implement and evaluate selected innovations. More than 60 partners from research, health care, health industry and government in the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg are promoting innovative measures to improve the treatment for mental disorders. The main objective is to implement integrated healthcare networks based on evidence for effective treatment methods, deriving from high-quality research throughout five indications such as psychosis, depression, somatoform and functional syndromes, anorexia and bulimia and addiction illnesses in adolescence. Those networks are accompanied by additional measures, for example, for improving information and education, addressing occupational health or strengthening the participation of patients and their families suffering from mental illness.

  17. [Semi-structured interviews on suicidality in the Hamburg pre-trial detention center]. (United States)

    Djerkovic, Dijana; Jasker, Janine; Kunze-Klempert, Sabrina; Morick, Yvonne; Thiel, Andreas; Briken, Peer; Klaus Püschell


    A detailed study regarding inmates' suicides was conducted in the detention center of Holstenglacis Hamburg (UHA). This study was triggered by an above-average number of attempted and committed suicides in detention centers in Germany and in particular, two committed suicides in the above-mentioned prison in early 2012. In this qualitative empirical study, 20 semi-structured interviews were conducted with inmates and staff of the UHA Hamburg. The focus was placed on aspects encountered in the daily life within the detention center and stressful situations that could encourage suicides. This article presents the most striking results of the study which are used as a basis for proposing several preventative measures. The aim of this article is to present new ideas and methods conducive to a decrease in the number of suicides in detention centers at minimal costs and personnel expenses.

  18. [SVM-based qualitative analysis of Muscat Hamburg wine produced in Tianjin region]. (United States)

    Zhang, Jun; Wang, Fang; Wei, Ji-Ping; Li, Chang-Wen; Yang, Hua; Shao, Chun-Fu; Zhang, Fu-Qing; Yin, Ji-Tai; Xiao, Dong-Guang


    The purpose was to achieve the identification of Muscat Hamburg wines produced in Tianjin region through scanning and analyzing dry white wine samples of different grape varieties and regions by infrared spectroscopy technology. A support vector machine (SVM) based method was introduced to analyze infrared spectra of dry white wines. The pretreatment processes of the IR spectra were also elaborated, including baseline adjustment, noise Elimination, standard normalization and eliminating the main component of abnormal sample points. The authors selected great quantity of dry white wine samples of different grape regions including 511 Muscat Hamburg wine samples, 438 Italian Riesling wine samples, 307 Chardonnay wine samples, 29 Ugni Blanc wine samples, 44 Rkatsiteli wine samples, 31 longan wine samples and 79 ZeHong wine samples. According to different classification problems, 80% of IR spectra of the wine samples were used to establish discrimination models with SVM-based method, and the remaining 20% of IR spectra were used for the validation of the discrimination models. Experimental results showed that the proposed method is effective, since high classification accuracy, identification rate and rejecting rate were achieved: over 97% for the white wine samples of different grape varieties, meanwhile over 98% for the Muscat Hamburg wine samples produced in different regions. So the method developed in this paper played a good role in the qualitative classification and discrimination of Muscat Hamburg wines produced in Tianjin region. This novel method has a considerable potential and a rosy application future due to the expeditiousness, stability and easy-operation of FTIR method, as well as the veracity and credibility of SVM method.

  19. [Stem cell transplantation for multiple sclerosis. Hamburg experiences and state of international research]. (United States)

    Stellmann, J-P; Stürner, K H; Ufer, F; Havemeister, S; Pöttgen, J; Ayuk Ayuketang, F; Kröger, N; Friese, M A; Heesen, C


    Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (aHSCT) is still not the standard treatment for highly inflammatory multiple sclerosis (MS). Even though randomized controlled trials are lacking, predictors for treatment response have been established. Since 2007, ten patients have received aHSCT in Hamburg. To present observational data from patients treated in Hamburg and a review of the literature. Descriptive statistics were used for evaluating the course of the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) as a measure for clinical outcome, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neuropsychology. New gadolinium and T2-MRI uptake lesions per scan were compared. In addition, a systematic review of the currently available literature was performed. The Hamburg series can be divided in two groups, one group including four patients with chronic progressive MS with low inflammatory activity (median EDSS = 6.25, 0.5 relapses per year, no gadolinium-enhancing lesions) and the other group including six patients with mild to moderate disability, relapses and inflammatory activity (median EDSS = 4.25, 1 relapse per year, 2 gadolinium-enhancing lesions). The median follow-up was 2.4 years. While the first group did not seem to benefit from aHSCT, an improvement in five out of six patients was observed in the second group. New T2 lesions occurred within the first 6 months but gadolinium-enhancing lesions were not observed (p Hamburg. Cohort reports describe aHSCT as a safe and efficient treatment option in highly inflammatory MS. Based on these data aHSCT seems to be a reasonable option in selected patients with highly inflammatory MS but a randomized controlled trial is warranted.

  20. A model output statistics system to forecast the 2 metre temperature at the "Wettermast Hamburg" site (United States)

    Finn, Tobias Sebastian; Ament, Felix


    The model output statistics (MOS) method is frequently used to downscale and improve numerical weather models for specific measurement sites. One of these is the "Wettermast Hamburg" ( in the south-east of Hamburg. It is operated by the Meteorological Institute of the University of Hamburg. The MOS approach was used to develop a not yet existing 2 metre temperature forecasting system for this site. The forecast system is based on the 0 UTC control run of the legacy "global ensemble forecast system". The multiple linear equations were calculated using a training period of 2 years (01.03.2012-28.02.2014), while the developed models were evaluated using the following year (01.03.2014-28.02.2015). During the development process it was found that a combination of forward and backward selection together with the "Bayesian information criterion", a warm-cold splitting and a five-fold cross-validation was the best automated method to minimize the risk of overfitting. To further reduce the risk, the number of predictors were limited to 6. Also the first 3 possible predictors were selected by hand. In comparison to the fully automated method, the error was not changed significantly through this restrictions for the evaluation period. The analysis of the importance of selected predictors shows that the global weather model has problems characterizing specific weather phenomena. Large model errors by misrepresenting the boundary layer were highlighted through the 10 metre wind speed, the surface temperature and the 1000 hPa temperature as frequently selected predictors. The final forecast system has a root-mean-square error minimum of 1.15 K for the initialization and a maximum 2.2 K at the 84 hour lead time. Compared to the direct model output this is a mean improvement of ˜ 22%. The main error reduction is achieved in the first 24 hours of the forecast, especially at the initialization (up to 45% error reduction).

  1. Douglas County Dam Breach Inundation Areas (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — Dam breach analysis provides a prediction of the extent and timing of flooding from a catastrophic breach of the dams. These results are sufficient for developing...

  2. Establishing baseline biodiversity data prior to hydroelectric dam construction to monitoring impacts to bats in the Brazilian Amazon


    Bobrowiec, Paulo Estefano D.; Tavares, Val?ria da Cunha


    The modification of Amazonian rivers by the construction of megaprojects of hydroelectric dams has widely increased over the last decade. Robust monitoring programs have been rarely conducted prior to the establishment of dams to measure to what extent the fauna, and its associated habitats may be affected by upcoming impacts. Using bats as models, we performed analyses throughout the area under the influence of the Santo Ant?nio hydroelectric dam, Southwestern Brazilian Amazonia before its c...

  3. Dams life; La vie des barrages

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    The paper reports on the conclusions of decennial and annual inspections of French dams. Dams surveillance is performed by the operators and consists in visual examinations and measurements. Concrete dams, in particular, always have more or less developed fissures with water sweating threw the concrete mass or the foundations. Old concrete often show low swelling phenomena which are measured too. (J.S.)

  4. Comparison of HEC-RAS with FLDWAV and DAMBRK models for dam break analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, R.D.; Judge, D.G.; Donnelly, C.R. [Acres International Ltd., Niagara Falls, ON (Canada)


    Dam break analysis is conducted as a routine dam safety assessment in determining the incremental hazard potential (IHP) that would occur in the event of a dam failure. Dam safety analysis also provides the information needed to make flood inundation maps and emergency preparedness plans (EPP) for dams that present a risk to human safety. For several years, the standard programs that have been used by the national weather service (NWS) for dam break flood simulation were the FLDWAV and DAMBRK models. However, another popular hydraulic model has been introduced. The HEC-RAS is an upgraded version of the former HEC-2 model used for the assessment of river floodplain inundation. A dam break analysis module has been added to HEC-2 and renamed the HEC-RAS which offers similar modeling capabilities to the DAMBRK and FLDWAV models for simulating flood hydrographs and flood wave propagation in river channels located downstream of a breached dam. The use of the alternative HEC-RAS could save time and resources. As such, it has the potential to replace the FLDWAV and DAMBRK. This paper compares the HEC-RAS dam break module with the FLDWAV and DAMBRK to determine if the new module accurately represents the dam break flood process. The comparison focuses on the theoretical background of the models, numerical solution techniques, ease of use of the module, modeling accuracy, practical aspects in performing dam break simulations, and capability for coupling the models with GIS for inundation mapping. The advantages and disadvantages of each model were summarized. 19 refs., 5 figs.

  5. Dam, Prof. Carl Peter Henrik

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Meetings · Public Lectures · Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1965 Honorary. Dam, Prof. Carl Peter Henrik Nobel Laureate (Medicine) - 1943. Date of birth: 21 February 1895. Date of death: 17 April 1976. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  6. Research on Safety Factor of Dam Slope of High Embankment Dam under Seismic Condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Bin


    Full Text Available With the constant development of construction technology of embankment dam, the constructed embankment dam becomes higher and higher, and the embankment dam with its height over 200m will always adopt the current design criteria of embankment dam only suitable for the construction of embankment dam lower than 200m in height. So the design criteria of high embankment dam shall be improved. We shall calculate the stability and safety factors of dam slope of high embankment dam under different dam height, slope ratio and different seismic intensity based on ratio of safety margin, and clarify the change rules of stability and safety factors of dam slope of high embankment dam with its height over 200m. We calculate the ratio of safety margin of traditional and reliable method by taking the stable, allowable and reliability index 4.2 of dam slope of high embankment dam with its height over 200m as the standard value, and conduct linear regression for both. As a result, the conditions, where 1.3 is considered as the stability and safety factors of dam slope of high embankment dam with its height over 200m under seismic condition and 4.2 as the allowable and reliability index, are under the same risk control level.

  7. Research on shape optimization of CSG dams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Cai


    Full Text Available The multi-objective optimization method was used for shape optimization of cement sand and gravel (CSG dams in this study. The economic efficiency, the sensitivities of maximum horizontal displacement and maximum settlement of the dam to water level changes, the overall stability, and the overall strength security were taken into account during the optimization process. Three weight coefficient selection schemes were adopted to conduct shape optimization of a dam, and the case studies lead to the conclusion that both the upstream and downstream dam slope ratios for the optimal cross-section equal 1:0.7, which is consistent with the empirically observed range of 1:0.6 to 1:0.8 for the upstream and downstream dam slope ratios of CSG dams. Therefore, the present study is of certain reference value for designing CSG dams.

  8. Study of Dam-break Due to Overtopping of Four Small Dams in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zakaraya Alhasan


    Full Text Available Dam-break due to overtopping is one of the most common types of embankment dam failures. During the floods in August 2002 in the Czech Republic, several small dams collapsed due to overtopping. In this paper, an analysis of the dam break process at the Luh, Velký Bělčický, Melín, and Metelský dams breached during the 2002 flood is presented. Comprehensive identification and analysis of the dam shape, properties of dam material and failure scenarios were carried out after the flood event to assemble data for the calibration of a numerical dam break model. A simple one-dimensional mathematical model was proposed for use in dam breach simulation, and a computer code was compiled. The model was calibrated using the field data mentioned above. Comparison of the erodibility parameters gained from the model showed reasonable agreement with the results of other authors.

  9. Proceedings of the 2010 Canadian Dam Association's public safety around dams workshop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    Nearly 30 people have drowned in dam-related incidents over the last 10 years in Canada. The Canadian public is now calling for improved safety guidelines. Public interaction with dams is increasing as a result of interest in extreme sports and perceived rights of access. However, many members of the public are not aware of the dangers posed by dams. This workshop provided a forum to discuss proposals for a draft publication of the Canadian Dam Association (CDA) guidelines for public safety and security around dams. Issues related to current legislation and liability were discussed. Methods of increasing public awareness of the hazards posed by dams included increased signage in dam locations, the use of audible and visual alert systems, and the use of booms and buoys. The responsibilities of dam owners in ensuring the safety of dams were also discussed. The conference featured 5 presentations, of which 2 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. tabs., figs.

  10. Minidoka Dam Wildlife Impact Assessment: Final Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, Robert C.; Meuleman, G. Allyn


    A wildlife impact assessment has been developed for the US Bureau of Reclamation's Minidoka Dam and Reservoir in south central Idaho. This assessment was conducted to fulfill requirements of the Fish and Wildlife Program. Specific objectives of this study included the following: select target wildlife species, and identify their current status and management goals; estimate the net effects on target wildlife species resulting from hydroelectric development and operation; recommend protection, mitigation, and enhancement goals for target wildlife species affected by hydroelectric development and operation; and consult and coordinate impact assessment activities with the Northwest Power Planning Council, Bonneville Power Administration, US Bureau of Reclamation, Bureau of Land Management, Shoshone-Bannock Tribes, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee, and other entities expressing interest in the project. 62 refs., 2 figs., 11 tabs.

  11. Effects of dam nutrition on growth and reproductive performance of heifer calves. (United States)

    Martin, J L; Vonnahme, K A; Adams, D C; Lardy, G P; Funston, R N


    similar ages at puberty and similar proportions of heifers cycling before the breeding season, a greater proportion of heifers from PS dams calved in the first 21 d of the heifers' first calving season, and pregnancy rates were greater compared with heifers from NS dams. Collectively, these results provide evidence of a fetal programming effect on heifer postweaning BW and fertility.

  12. Brazil's Amazonian dams: Ecological and socioeconomic impacts (United States)

    Fearnside, P. M.


    Brazil's 2015-2024 Energy Expansion Plan calls for 11 hydroelectric dams with installed capacity ≥ 30 MW in the country's Amazon region. Dozens of other large dams are planned beyond this time horizon, and dams with consumers. Population displacement is a major impact; for example, the Marabá Dam would displace 40,000 people, mostly traditional riverside dwellers (ribeirinhos). Various dams impact indigenous peoples, such as the Xingu River dams (beginning with Belo Monte) and the São Luiz do Tapajós and Chacorão Dams on the Tapajós River. Brazil has many energy options other than dams. Much energy use has little benefit for the country, such as exporting aluminum. Electric showerheads use 5% of the country's power. Losses in transmission lines (20%) are far above global averages and can be expected to increase as Amazonian hydroelectric dams far from consumer centers come on line. Brazil has tremendous wind and solar potential, but these do not have the same priority as dams. At the root of many questionable policies is a decision-making process in need of reform.

  13. [General practice quality circles in the large city. Participation by Hamburg general physicians]. (United States)

    Steinkohl, M; Niemann, D


    Quality circles (peer review) will play an increasing and important role in ambulatory care when they are based on voluntary participation and in a setting of open discussion. Goal is the further qualification of physicians by critical reflections on their practice based on learning processes and the experiences of the participants. Reported are experiences from the unit for primary care and health service research of the Hamburg University on implementing quality circles. Engagement in quality assurance may be helpful in the shaping and professionalisation of general practice.

  14. Considering the Physicochemical and Sensorial Properties of Momtaze Hamburgers Containing Lentil and Chickpea Seed Flour


    Amir Motamedi; Marzieh Vahdani; Homa Baghaei; Monire Alsadat Borghei


    Background and Objectives: The food product known as the ‘hamburger’ plays a crucial role in people’s nutrition and the diversity of the food they consume. The reasons for our study include the area under cultivation, the remarkable amount of protein in chickpeas and lentils, as well as the public interest in tending to meat products, especially hamburgers. Materials and Methods: In this study, beef burgers were combined with chickpea flour and lentil flour at 4%, 8% and 12% levels. We eva...

  15. [psychenet - Hamburg Network for Mental Health: Results of the Process Evaluation]. (United States)

    Makowski, Anna C; Mnich, Eva E; Kofahl, Christopher; von dem Knesebeck, Olaf


    Aspects of implementation, functionality, acceptability and sustainability of the network psychenet - Hamburg network for mental health were examined.In March 2012 and September 2013, 19 expert interviews were carried out with leaders of subprojects and representatives of insurances, public authorities and patients.The complexity of the network was hindering. Positive aspects were communication, clear hierarchies and qualified staff.The implementation of a complex network requires shared goals. The establishment of a steering committee has proved as crucial. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  16. Defining Moments in MMWR History: 1993 E. coli O157:H7 Hamburger Outbreak

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts


    During the 1993 E. coli O157 outbreak, four children died, and approximately 700 persons in four states became ill with severe and often bloody diarrhea after eating hamburgers from fast food restaurants. The first reports of CDC’s investigation into this deadly outbreak were published in MMWR. In this podcast, Dr. Beth Bell shares what it was like to serve as one of CDC’s lead investigators – a boots-on-the-ground disease detective -- for the historic outbreak.  Created: 5/31/2017 by MMWR.   Date Released: 5/31/2017.

  17. Repair, Evaluation, Maintenance, and Rehabilitation Research Program: Proceedings of REMR Workshop on New Remedial Seepage Control Methods for Embankment-Dams and Soil Foundations Held in Vicksburg, Mississippi on 21-22 October 1986. (United States)


    Proceedings nf REMR Workshop on New Remedial Seepage Control methods for Embankment-Dams and Soil Forindarions 12 PERSONA , AUTH~OR(S) Perry, Edward B., Compiler...I eci wi th ouite d’.versit ied soil-types lvii, ak r:oMixed s trata of crregula’. di-ensions to a depth of app-roxi- rat’ aVn1e thle tipper sun’. ace

  18. Exporting dams: China's hydropower industry goes global. (United States)

    McDonald, Kristen; Bosshard, Peter; Brewer, Nicole


    In line with China's "going out" strategy, China's dam industry has in recent years significantly expanded its involvement in overseas markets. The Chinese Export-Import Bank and other Chinese financial institutions, state-owned enterprises, and private firms are now involved in at least 93 major dam projects overseas. The Chinese government sees the new global role played by China's dam industry as a "win-win" situation for China and host countries involved. But evidence from project sites such as the Merowe Dam in Sudan demonstrates that these dams have unrecognized social and environmental costs for host communities. Chinese dam builders have yet to adopt internationally accepted social and environmental standards for large infrastructure development that can assure these costs are adequately taken into account. But the Chinese government is becoming increasingly aware of the challenge and the necessity of promoting environmentally and socially sound investments overseas.

  19. Learning to Fly: Family-Oriented Literacy Education in Schools. Celebrating the Tenth Anniversary of Hamburg's Family Literacy Project 2004-2014 (United States)

    Rabkin, Gabriele, Ed.; Roche, Stephen, Ed.


    This book was published to mark the tenth anniversary of Hamburg's award-winning Family Literacy project (FLY). It includes contributions from key stakeholders--academics, teachers, parents and children--participating in the conceptualization and implementation of FLY in the city of Hamburg. FLY mainly targets people from socially disadvantaged…

  20. The Women's College (Hochschule fur das weibliche Geschlect) and its Impact on the Development of Higher Education for Girls in the City of Hamburg. (United States)

    Kleinau, Elke


    Reports a study on the Women's College founded in Hamburg, Germany, in 1850. Describes the college as an outgrowth of numerous reform-oriented forces present in Germany around 1848. Examines the impact of the college on higher education for girls in Hamburg; particularly in the establishment of further schools for poor women. (RW)

  1. Measurement of Dam Deformations: Case Study of Obruk Dam (Turkey) (United States)

    Gulal, V. Engin; Alkan, R. Metin; Alkan, M. Nurullah; İlci, Veli; Ozulu, I. Murat; Tombus, F. Engin; Kose, Zafer; Aladogan, Kayhan; Sahin, Murat; Yavasoglu, Hakan; Oku, Guldane


    In the literature, there is information regarding the first deformation and displacement measurements in dams that were conducted in 1920s Switzerland. Todays, deformation measurements in the dams have gained very different functions with improvements in both measurement equipment and evaluation of measurements. Deformation measurements and analysis are among the main topics studied by scientists who take interest in the engineering measurement sciences. The Working group of Deformation Measurements and Analysis, which was established under the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG), carries out its studies and activities with regard to this subject. At the end of the 1970s, the subject of the determination of fixed points in the deformation monitoring network was one of the main subjects extensively studied. Many theories arose from this inquiry, as different institutes came to differing conclusions. In 1978, a special commission with representatives of universities has been established within the FIG 6.1 working group; this commission worked on the issue of determining a general approach to geometric deformation analysis. The results gleaned from the commission were discussed at symposiums organized by the FIG. In accordance with these studies, scientists interested in the subject have begun to work on models that investigate cause and effect relations between the effects that cause deformation and deformation. As of the scientist who interest with the issue focused on different deformation methods, another special commission was established within the FIG engineering measurements commission in order to classify deformation models and study terminology. After studying this material for a long time, the official commission report was published in 2001. In this prepared report, studies have been carried out by considering the FIG Engineering Surveying Commission's report entitled, 'MODELS AND TERMINOLOGY FOR THE ANALYSIS OF GEODETIC MONITORING OBSERVATIONS

  2. Global Reservoir and Dam Database, Version 1 (GRanDv1): Dams, Revision 01 (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Global Reservoir and Dam Database, Version 1 (Revision 01) contains 6,862 records of reservoirs and their associated dams with a cumulative storage capacity of...

  3. Global Reservoir and Dam Database, Version 1 (GRanDv1): Dams, Revision 01 (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Global Reservoir and Dam Database, Version 1, Revision 01 (v1.01) contains 6,862 records of reservoirs and their associated dams with a cumulative storage...

  4. Time-transgressive tunnel-valley infill revealed by a three- dimensional sedimentary model, Hamburg, north-west Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Janszen, Adriaan; Moreau, Julien; Moscariello, Andrea


    highly intricate and therefore difficult to predict. This study intends to improve the comprehension of the sedimentology and to establish a conceptual model of tunnel-valley infill, which can be used as a predictive tool. To this end, the densely sampled, Pleistocene tunnel valleys in Hamburg (north...... succession filling the Hamburg area tunnel valleys can be subdivided into three distinct units, which are distinguished by their inferred depositional proximity to the ice margin. The overall trend of the succession shows a progressive decrease in transport energy and glacial influence through time. The rate...

  5. Dam failure analysis for the Lago de Matrullas Dam, Orocovis, Puerto Rico (United States)

    Torres-Sierra, Heriberto; Gómez-Fragoso, Julieta


    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority, completed a hydrologic and hydraulic study to assess the potential hazard to human life and property associated with the hypothetical failure of the Lago de Matrullas Dam, located within the headwaters of the Río Grande de Manatí. The hydrologic study yielded outflow hydrographs and peak discharges for Lago de Matrullas and other subbasins in the Río Grande de Manatí hydrographic basin for three extreme rainfall events: (1) a 6-hour probable maximum precipitation (PMP) event, (2) a 24-hour PMP event, and (3) a 100-year-recurrence, 24-hour rainfall event. The hydraulic study simulated the hypothetical dam failure of Lago de Matrullas using hypothetical flood hydrographs generated from the hydrologic study and selected dam breach parameters. The flood wave resulting from the failure was downstream-routed through the lower reaches of the Río Matrullas, the Río Toro Negro, and the Río Grande de Manatí for determination of water-surface profiles developed from the event-based hydrologic scenarios and “sunny day” (no precipitation) conditions. The Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC–HMS) and the River Analysis System (HEC–RAS) computer programs, developed by the Hydrologic Engineering Center (HEC) of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, were used for the hydrologic and hydraulic modeling, respectively. The flow routing in the hydraulic analyses was performed using the unsteady-state flow module available in the HEC–RAS model.

  6. Migrants' educational success through innovation: The case of the Hamburg bilingual schools (United States)

    Duarte, Joana


    Although Germany has experienced net in-migration for the past five decades, this fact has only recently been officially acknowledged. Furthermore, Germany is marked by a general monolingual self-concept very much attached to the idea of a nation-state with one homogeneous language. However, in large urban areas of Germany about 35 per cent of the population has a migration background, as has almost every second child enrolling in primary school. Hence the country is marked by this dichotomy between a monolingual policy discourse and a multilingual society, manifested in everyday life and, as a consequence, in educational institutions. The fact is that this political attitude towards Germany's own migration history and migrants has led to an educational gap between students with a migration background and their monolingual peers. In 2000, a project was started in Hamburg, aiming to overcome this educational gap and involving the creation of bilingual schools for some of the largest migrant languages. Bilingual classes were thus set up for the following language combinations: German-Portuguese, German-Italian, German-Spanish and German-Turkish, and were evaluated by the University of Hamburg. This paper reports on the model used and the specific school outcomes of the students attending these classes.

  7. [The new German educational law for medical schools: the Hamburg concept in dermatology and venereology]. (United States)

    Neuber, Karsten; Weidtmann, Katja; Coors, Esther; Harendza, Sigrid


    Medical school graduates are required to deal with complex situations in their future work which require profound theoretical knowledge as well as many practical skills. The University of Hamburg used a new educational law (AappO 2002) as catalyst to define learning objectives relevant for practice and to guarantee a close connection between theory and practice. A newly founded curriculum committee with twelve members developed a strategy and structure for the new clinical curriculum (KliniCuM) in weekly sessions. The subject dermatology and venereology is taught in the thematic block "The Internal and External Human Being" in integrated courses with the subjects internal medicine, pathology and pharmacology. The teaching modules (introductory lectures, symptom-oriented lectures, problem-based tutorials and bedside-teaching) are practice oriented and teach diseases and skills of dermatology which are important for "general medicine". Written and practical exams take place at the end of the block. Although there is more required attendance and increased demands on students' time, dermatology has received very positive evaluation results. Students consider their gain in knowledge and skills as very high. The new curriculum in Hamburg could provide helpful orientation for other medical faculties in changing their curricula for the subject "dermatology and venereology" according to the new educational law.

  8. Qualitative characteristics of hamburgers and koftas produced from meat of lambs fed glycerine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. H. Borghi


    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the qualitative (pH, color, water activity, water retention capacity, cooking loss, and shear force and sensory characteristics of processed meat produced from less noble cuts of the carcasses of lambs fed diets containing sugarcane as roughage and concentrates with and without 10 and 20% glycerine. Neck and rib meat of 30 lambs slaughtered at a body weight of 32.0 ± 0.2 kg was used for the elaboration of hamburgers and koftas. Except for color, the inclusion of glycerine in the lamb diet did not influence (P>0.05 the qualitative traits evaluated. The inclusion of glycerine reduced the redness (from 10.07 to 8.89, P=0.044 and yellowness (from 5.97 to 5.07, P=0.039 of hamburgers. The same effect was observed for the redness (from 10.83 to 9.61, P=0.031 and yellowness (from 5.86 to 5.12, P=0.047 of koftas. The sensory characteristics evaluated were not influenced (P>0.05 and the grades of overall acceptance ranged from 7.4 to 7.9. The inclusion of glycerine in the diet of lambs altered the color of processed meat products, but provided satisfactory sensory characteristics.

  9. Regional experiences of tissue donation and forensic medicine in hamburg - results of a 5-year period. (United States)

    Wulff, Birgit; Müller, Katja; Heinemann, Axel; Püschel, Klaus


    We present the operational organization and daily workflow of our Hamburg model and the results of the years 2007-2011 concerning donation of corneas, musculoskeletal and, since 2010, cardiovascular tissues. Each of the about 3,600 deceased every year undergoes an evaluation process by two coordinators on duty, the tissue coordinator and the family coordinator. All donation connected issues are carried out within the standardized protocols of a quality management system and documented in a special data base. Two catamnestic surveys evaluated the satisfaction of donor families retrospectively. The inclusion rate for cornea donation was 23% and for musculoskeletal donation 10%, with a decrease after the 75 years age restriction of musculoskeletal donors in 2011 defined by the contracting tissue bank German Institute for Cell and Tissue Replacement gGmbH (DIZG), Berlin. Since 2007 1,268 corneas were explanted altogether, reflecting an increasing explantation rate from 156 (University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UMC: 9) in 2007 up to 304 (UMC: 52) in 2011. Overall 173 musculoskeletal donors (5 years) and 11 cardiovascular donors (2 years) spent tissues. The consent rate was much higher. The evaluation of the families reflected a positive feedback for the guiding of the donation process. Forensic institutes can act as an interface between donors and recipients without neglecting forensic investigations. They are uniquely positioned to recognize potential donors. In addition, the contact with a physician of the forensic institute may help families during the mourning phase.

  10. [Suicide among physicians--a current analysis for the City of Hamburg]. (United States)

    Naumovska, Katerina; Gehl, Axel; Friedrich, Peter; Püschell, Klaus


    According to the literature, physicians have an increased risk of committing suicide, which can partly be explained by occupational stress. A retrospective analysis of the deaths investigated by the Hamburg office of Criminal Investigation and documents of the Hamburg Institute of Forensic Medicine for the years 2001 to 2013 showed that the average suicide rate among physicians is not significantly higher than that of the total population, it is 0.021% for physicians, 0.023% for dentists and 0.013% for the general public; thus the difference is not statistically significant (p: 0.57 for physicians and 0.74 for dentists). Drug intoxication has been found to be the most common method of suicide committed by physicians. However, these results must be interpreted with caution in view of the fact that a detailed evaluation of data was often not possible, especially because information as to the profession of the deceased and the motive for the suicide were missing or insufficiently documented.

  11. A study of the glow discharge plasma jet of the novel Hamburger-electrode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Wenzheng, E-mail:; Ma, Chuanlong, E-mail:; Yang, Xiao; Cui, Weisheng; Chen, Xiuyang [School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044 (China)


    To generate atmospheric pressure glow discharge plasma jets (APGDPJs), a novel Hamburger-electrode was proposed. Through the study on electric field distributions, flow field distributions, and characteristics of the discharge and jet, we found that adopting the mode of dielectric barrier discharge with non-uniform thickness of dielectric, it was easy to form the strong electric field areas which were conducive to generate discharge and electric field distributions with large electric field intensity in the narrow gap and weak electric field intensity in the wide gap that were not inclined to form a filament discharge. Using the structure of evenly distributed inner electrodes, it was easy to weaken the pressure of strong electric field areas and form flow field distributions which is beneficial for taking out the high density charged particles and generating APGDPJs. Stable APGDPJs in nitrogen with 3.5 mm in diameter and 9 mm in length were formed by using the novel Hamburger-electrode.

  12. Antimicrobial properties of clove essential oil on raw hamburger during storage in freezer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.E Hoseini


    Full Text Available Providing safe foods resistant to pathogens as well as replacing chemical preservatives with natural compounds including essential oils has attracted great attention in current studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial properties of clove’s essential oil on hamburger. For this reason, clove essential oil was extracted by Clevenger apparatus method. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger was measured. The antimicrobial effect of the essence in the concentrations of 0.0015%, 0.01%, 0.1% and 0.15% was examined on hamburger. The samples were examined at 0, 7, 30, 60 and 90 days of cold storage. Sensory characteristics of the samples were assessed through Hedonic method. MICs resulted from the test for S. aureus, E. coli, C. albicans and A. niger were 0.1%, 0.065%, 0.03% and 0.01% (V/V, respectively. The results of microbial examinations indicated that with the increasing of the concentration of clove oil essence and also with the progression of storage time, the microbial load was gradually decreased. According to the sensory assays conducted by the consumers, low concentrations of 0.0015% and maximum of 0.01% were found desirable.

  13. A simplified water temperature model for the Colorado River below Glen Canyon Dam (United States)

    Wright, S.A.; Anderson, C.R.; Voichick, N.


    Glen Canyon Dam, located on the Colorado River in northern Arizona, has affected the physical, biological and cultural resources of the river downstream in Grand Canyon. One of the impacts to the downstream physical environment that has important implications for the aquatic ecosystem is the transformation of the thermal regime from highly variable seasonally to relatively constant year-round, owing to hypolimnetic releases from the upstream reservoir, Lake Powell. Because of the perceived impacts on the downstream aquatic ecosystem and native fish communities, the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program has considered modifications to flow releases and release temperatures designed to increase downstream temperatures. Here, we present a new model of monthly average water temperatures below Glen Canyon Dam designed for first-order, relatively simple evaluation of various alternative dam operations. The model is based on a simplified heat-exchange equation, and model parameters are estimated empirically. The model predicts monthly average temperatures at locations up to 421 km downstream from the dam with average absolute errors less than 0.58C for the dataset considered. The modelling approach used here may also prove useful for other systems, particularly below large dams where release temperatures are substantially out of equilibrium with meteorological conditions. We also present some examples of how the model can be used to evaluate scenarios for the operation of Glen Canyon Dam.

  14. A ravenous river reclaims its true course: the tale of Marmot Dam''s demise (United States)

    Noreen Parks; Gordon Grant


    Removing dams that are outdated, unsafe, or pose significant economic or environmental costs has emerged in the last 10 years as a major river restoration strategy. The removal of the 45-foot-high Marmot Dam on the Sandy River in 2007 resulted in the biggest sediment release accompanying any dam removal to date. It also provided an unprecedented opportunity...

  15. Hamburger Science (United States)

    Trent, Ann


    While babysitting or preparing home meals, young people (and adults too) sometimes overlook cleanliness procedures. One of the first employment opportunities for teenagers is often in a fast-food restaurant where the safe handling and proper cooking of foods is essential. To teach students about food safety practices, the U.S. Food and Drug…

  16. Patients' attitudes to rubber dam. (United States)

    Stewardson, D A; McHugh, E S


    The aims of this study were to record patients' views of their experience of RD use in an objective manner, and to evaluate the influence of some personal and clinical factors on patients' opinion. A questionnaire was designed which was then distributed to patients receiving dental treatment under RD by (a) final-year dental students at Birmingham Dental School, and (b) general dental practitioners. Patients completed the confidential questionnaire anonymously after treatment, outside the treatment room. After 100 correctly completed forms were collected from group (a) and 106 from group (b), data were entered into a database and subsequently analyzed using SPSS. Analyses were confined to simple cross-tabulations of the patients' responses and potential associated factors, with chi-square analysis and appropriate follow-up comparisons wherever necessary. In both groups, the majority of patients said they would prefer RD to be used at their next appointment, and most had a positive opinion of the experience. No statistically significant association between age, sex, procedure, application time or duration of use and preference for rubber dam was found. Prolonged RD use showed some association with a negative opinion of the experience of RD. Compared with the dentists, students took longer to apply rubber dam and it was in place for longer. Fewer student patients preferred RD next time, and were less positive about its use than the dentists' patients. Further evidence is presented that (i) Patients generally are not averse to RD. (ii) Placement of rubber dam does not take long. (iii) Operator experience improves patient compliance.

  17. Innovatives Medizinstudium der Semmelweis Universität Budapest am Asklepios Campus Hamburg [Innovation in the Field of Medical Studies in Europe: Asklepios Campus Hamburg of Budapest's Semmelweis University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weidenhammer, Jörg


    Full Text Available [english] In our article we present a pioneering and unique transnational European model of university education. We discuss the cooperation between Semmelweis University Budapest and Asklepios Campus Hamburg. After several years of negotiation, it is now possible for students who did their preliminary medical examination in Hungary to continue and finish their medical studies in Hamburg, Germany. We report on the background of this development, the historical ties and legal requirements. We also describe the status quo and the future plans for the project. [german] In diesem Artikel stellen wir ein neues bisher in Europa einzigartiges länderübergreifendes Hochschulbildungsmodell vor. Dargestellt wird die Zusammenarbeit der Semmelweis Universität Budapest mit dem Asklepios Campus Hamburg. Nach mehrjährigen Verhandlungen ist es nun möglich, dass Studenten, die in Ungarn ihr Physikum gemacht haben, in Hamburg ihre klinische Ausbildung fortsetzen und abschließen können. Wir berichten über die Hintergründe und historischen Zusammenhänge sowie die rechtlichen Voraussetzungen dieser Entwicklung und beschreiben den gegenwärtigen Stand sowie die zukünftigen Planungen dieses Projekts.

  18. Safety Aspects of Sustainable Storage Dams and Earthquake Safety of Existing Dams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Wieland


    Full Text Available The basic element in any sustainable dam project is safety, which includes the following safety elements: ① structural safety, ② dam safety monitoring, ③ operational safety and maintenance, and ④ emergency planning. Long-term safety primarily includes the analysis of all hazards affecting the project; that is, hazards from the natural environment, hazards from the man-made environment, and project-specific and site-specific hazards. The special features of the seismic safety of dams are discussed. Large dams were the first structures to be systematically designed against earthquakes, starting in the 1930s. However, the seismic safety of older dams is unknown, as most were designed using seismic design criteria and methods of dynamic analysis that are considered obsolete today. Therefore, we need to reevaluate the seismic safety of existing dams based on current state-of-the-art practices and rehabilitate deficient dams. For large dams, a site-specific seismic hazard analysis is usually recommended. Today, large dams and the safety-relevant elements used for controlling the reservoir after a strong earthquake must be able to withstand the ground motions of a safety evaluation earthquake. The ground motion parameters can be determined either by a probabilistic or a deterministic seismic hazard analysis. During strong earthquakes, inelastic deformations may occur in a dam; therefore, the seismic analysis has to be carried out in the time domain. Furthermore, earthquakes create multiple seismic hazards for dams such as ground shaking, fault movements, mass movements, and others. The ground motions needed by the dam engineer are not real earthquake ground motions but models of the ground motion, which allow the safe design of dams. It must also be kept in mind that dam safety evaluations must be carried out several times during the long life of large storage dams. These features are discussed in this paper.

  19. Key Impact Factors on Dam Break Fatalities (United States)

    Huang, D.; Yu, Z.; Song, Y.; Han, D.; Li, Y.


    Dam failures can lead to catastrophes on human society. However, there is a lack of research about dam break fatalities, especially on the key factors that affect fatalities. Based on the analysis of historical dam break cases, most studies have used the regression analysis to explore the correlation between those factors and fatalities, but without implementing optimization to find the dominating factors. In order to understand and reduce the risk of fatalities, this study has proposed a new method to select the impact factors on the fatality. It employs an improved ANN (Artificial Neural Network) combined with LOOCV (Leave-one-out cross-validation) and SFS (Stepwise Forward Selection) approach to explore the nonlinear relationship between impact factors and life losses. It not only considers the factors that have been widely used in the literature but also introduces new factors closely involved with fatalities. Dam break cases occurred in China from 1954 to 2013 are summarized, within which twenty-five cases are selected with a comprehensive coverage of geographic position and temporal variation. Twelve impact factors are taken into account as the inputs, i.e., severity of dam break flood (SF), population at risk (PR), public understanding of dam break (UB), warning time (TW), evacuation condition (EC), weather condition during dam break (WB), dam break mode (MB), water storage (SW), building vulnerability (VB), dam break time (TB), average distance from the affected area to the dam (DD) and preventive measures by government (PG).From those, three key factors of SF, MB and TB are chosen. The proposed method is able to extract the key factors, and the derived fatality model performs well in various types of dam break conditions.

  20. University Government in Nazi Germany: The Example of Hamburg. Yale Higher Education Program Working Paper. (United States)

    Giles, Geoffrey J.

    Many apologies have been made for the part the German universities played in the Third Reich. The general stigma of having failed the people as intellectual leaders clung to the German academics for a long time. Their contention of helplessness before the forces of National Socialism gave rise to fears of similar weakness in the future. Although…

  1. Studien zur Kirchenmusik und weltlichen Vokalmusik in Hamburg in der ersten Hälfte des 18. Jahrhunderts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voss, Steffen


    Hamburg was a main center for the development of protestant church music in the first half of the 18th century, especially for the oratorio, a genre which is stylistically indebted to operatic music. Works of two of the main composers of so called theatrical church music, Johann Mattheson and Georg

  2. A Very Long Term Forecast of the Port Throughput in the Le Havre - Hamburg Range up to 2100

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Dorsser, J.C.M.; Wolters, M.; Van Wee, G.P.


    This paper presents a new methodology for the development of a probabilistic very long term forecast of the total port throughput in the Le Havre – Hamburg range up to 2100. The forecast is based on a combination of System Dynamic Modelling, Judgement, and Causal Relations. It is intended to provide

  3. Synergistic benefits between stormwater management measures and a new pricing system for stormwater in the City of Hamburg. (United States)

    Bertram, N P; Waldhoff, A; Bischoff, G; Ziegler, J; Meinzinger, F; Skambraks, A-K


    Hamburg is a growing metropolitan city. The increase in sealed surfaces of about 0.36% per year and the subsequent increased runoff impacts on the city's wastewater infrastructure. Further potential risks to the drainage infrastructure arise also from effects of climate change, e.g. increased intensity and frequency of heavy rainfalls. These challenges were addressed in the Rain InfraStructure Adaption (RISA) project conducted 2009-2015 by HAMBURG WASSER and the State Ministry for Environment and Energy, supported by several municipal stakeholders. RISA addressed intensifying conflicts in the context of urban development and stormwater management at that time. Major results of the project are improvements and recommendations for adequate consideration of stormwater management issues during urban planning as well as new funding mechanisms for stormwater management measures. The latter topic resulted in the introduction of a separated stormwater charge based on the amount of sealed area connected to the sewer system of each property. For both undertakings - the RISA project and the introduction of the separated stormwater charge - a novel, comprehensive, digital database was built. Today, these geographical information system (GIS)-based data offer various scale-independent analysis and information opportunities, which facilitate the day-to-day business of HAMBURG WASSER and stormwater management practice in Hamburg.

  4. Annotierter Katalog der Benhamiinae Arten in der Sammlung des Zoologischen Instituts und Museums von Hamburg (Oligochaeta: Acanthodrilidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Csuzdi, Cs


    Full Text Available An annotated catalogue of the Benhamiinae earthworms housed in the Zoological Institute and Zoological Museum of the University of Hamburg is presented. All the entries are arranged by the valid names published (CSUZDI, 1995. An alphabetic list of the original specific epithets with the valid combinations is also tabulated.

  5. Engaging Stakeholders in a Sustainability Context: The Regional Centre of Expertise on Education for Sustainable Development in Hamburg and Region (United States)

    Filho, Walter Leal; Schwarz, Jens


    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the experiences of RCE Hamburg, one of the latest Regional Centres of Excellence (RCE) to be created. It outlines the activities performed by the RCE and describes its relationships with the various stakeholders. Design/methodology/approach: A description of the region where the RCE is located is…

  6. Poverty, Education and Gender: Pedagogic Transformations in the Schools for the Poor ("Armenschulwesen") in Hamburg, 1788-1871 (United States)

    Mayer, Christine


    In the second half of the eighteenth century, an enlightened reformist spirit spread among Hamburg's bourgeois upper classes. This was exemplified by the activities of the "Gesellschaft zur Beforderung der Kunste und nutzlichen Gewerbe" ("Society for the Promotion of the Arts and Useful Trades") founded in 1765 as well as by a…


    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Sites where dams/reservoirs have been proposed in Mauritius are listed in Table 1. In many of these places, detailed investigations have been carried out, only to be shelved for some reason or other. Other dams have been constructed, sometimes after a sketchy desk study investigation, simply because of the urgency of ...

  8. 75 FR 62024 - Metal and Nonmetal Dams (United States)


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Mine Safety and Health Administration 30 CFR Parts 56 and 57 RIN 1219-AB70 Metal and Nonmetal Dams AGENCY... measures to assure that metal and nonmetal mine operators design, construct, operate and maintain dams in a...



    Pattanapanchai, Maneechit; Shah, Farhed A.; Annandale, George


    Reservoir sedimentation reduces economic value and longevity of flood control dams. Periodic sediment removal allows extension of reservoir life. An optimal control model is developed to evaluate alternative sediment management strategies for flood control dams. An illustrative empirical analysis shows that sustainable management is economically desirable for a wide range of parameter values.

  10. How different are the Liège and Hamburg atlases of the solar spectrum? (United States)

    Doerr, H.-P.; Vitas, N.; Fabbian, D.


    Context. The high-fidelity solar spectral atlas prepared by Delbouille et al. (Liège atlas, 1973) and the atlas by Neckel (Hamburg atlas, 1999, Sol. Phys., 184, 421) are widely recognised as the most important collection of reference spectra of the Sun at disc centre in the visible wavelength range. The two datasets serve as fundamental resources for many researchers, in particular for chemical abundance analyses. But despite their similar published specifications (spectral resolution and noise level), the shapes of the spectral lines in the two atlases differ significantly and systematically. Aims: Knowledge of any instrumental degradations is imperative to fully exploit the information content of spectroscopic data. We seek to investigate the magnitude of these differences and explain the possible sources. We provide the wavelength-dependent correction parameters that need to be taken into account when the spectra are to be compared with synthetic data, for instance. Methods: A parametrically degraded version of the Hamburg spectrum was fitted to the Liège spectrum. The parameters of the model (wavelength shift, broadening, intensity scaling, and intensity offset) represent the different characteristics of the respective instruments, observational strategies, and data processing. Results: The wavelength scales of the Liège and Hamburg atlases differ on average by 0.5 mÅ with a standard deviation of ± 2 mÅ, except for a peculiar region around 5500 Å. The continuum levels are offset by up to 18% below 5000 Å, but remain stably at a 0.8% difference towards the red. We find no evidence for spectral stray light in the Liège spectrum. Its resolving power is almost independent of wavelength but limited to about 216 000, which is between two to six times lower than specified. When accounting for the degradations determined in this work, the spectra of the two

  11. Pitch and Harmony in Gyorgy Ligeti's "Hamburg Concerto" and "Syzygy" for String Quartet (United States)

    Corey, Charles

    The analysis component of this dissertation focuses on intricate and complex pitch relationships in Gyorgy Ligeti's last work, the Hamburg Concerto. This piece uses two distinct tuning systems---twelve tone equal temperament and just intonation---throughout its seven movements. Often, these two systems are used simultaneously, creating complex harmonic relationships. This combination allows Ligeti to exploit the unique features of each system and explore their relationships to each other. Ligeti's just intonation in the Hamburg Concerto comes mainly from the five French horns, who are instructed to keep their hands out of the bell to allow the instrument to sound its exact harmonics. The horns themselves, however, are tuned to varying different fundamentals, creating a constantly changing series of just-intoned pitches anchored above an equal-tempered bass. This method of generating just-intoned intervals adds a second layer to the relationship between equal temperament and just intonation. This paper focuses on creating ways to understand this relationship, and describing the ramifications of these tunings as they unfold throughout the piece. Ligeti very carefully crafts this work in a way that creates a balance between the systems. Research done at the Paul Sacher Stiftung has uncovered a significant collection of errors in the published score. Clearing up these discrepancies allows for a much more accurate and more informed analysis. Throughout this dissertation, mistakes are corrected, and several aspects of the score are clarified. The tuning systems are described, and a likely tuning scheme for the horns is posited. (The analytical component of the dissertation delves into the many varying intervals which all fit into one interval class---a feature that is best explored when two distinct tuning systems are juxtaposed.) A language is created herein to better understand these pitch relationships that fit neither into equal temperament nor just intonation. The

  12. Hass avocado modulates postprandial vascular reactivity and postprandial inflammatory responses to a hamburger meal in healthy volunteers. (United States)

    Li, Zhaoping; Wong, Angela; Henning, Susanne M; Zhang, Yanjun; Jones, Alexis; Zerlin, Alona; Thames, Gail; Bowerman, Susan; Tseng, Chi-Hong; Heber, David


    Hass avocados are rich in monounsaturated fatty acids (oleic acid) and antioxidants (carotenoids, tocopherols, polyphenols) and are often eaten as a slice in a sandwich containing hamburger or other meats. Hamburger meat forms lipid peroxides during cooking. After ingestion, the stomach functions as a bioreactor generating additional lipid peroxides and this process can be inhibited when antioxidants are ingested together with the meat. The present pilot study was conducted to investigate the postprandial effect of the addition of 68 g of avocado to a hamburger on vasodilation and inflammation. Eleven healthy subjects on two separate occasions consumed either a 250 g hamburger patty alone (ca. 436 cal and 25 g fat) or together with 68 grams of avocado flesh (an additional 114 cal and 11 g of fat for a total of 550 cal and 36 g fat), a common culinary combination, to assess effects on vascular health. Using the standard peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) method to calculate the PAT index, we observed significant vasoconstriction 2 hours following hamburger ingestion (2.19 ± 0.36 vs. 1.56 ± 0.21, p = 0.0007), which did not occur when the avocado flesh was ingested together with the burger (2.17 ± 0.57 vs. 2.08 ± 0.51, NS p = 0.68). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from postprandial blood samples and the Ikappa-B alpha (IκBα) protein concentration was determined to assess effects on inflammation. At 3 hours, there was a significant preservation of IκBα (131% vs. 58%, p = 0.03) when avocado was consumed with the meat compared to meat alone, consistent with reduced activation of the NF-kappa B (NFκB) inflammatory pathway. IL-6 increased significantly at 4 hours in postprandial serum after consumption of the hamburger, but no change was observed when avocado was added. Postprandial serum triglyceride concentration increased, but did not further increase when avocado was ingested with the burger compared to burger alone despite the added fat and

  13. Restoring Environmental Flows by Modifying Dam Operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian D. Richter


    Full Text Available The construction of new dams has become one of the most controversial issues in global efforts to alleviate poverty, improve human health, and strengthen regional economies. Unfortunately, this controversy has overshadowed the tremendous opportunity that exists for modifying the operations of existing dams to recover many of the environmental and social benefits of healthy ecosystems that have been compromised by present modes of dam operation. The potential benefits of dam "re-operation" include recovery of fish, shellfish, and other wildlife populations valued both commercially and recreationally, including estuarine species; reactivation of the flood storage and water purification benefits that occur when floods are allowed to flow into floodplain forests and wetlands; regaining some semblance of the naturally dynamic balance between river erosion and sedimentation that shapes physical habitat complexity, and arresting problems associated with geomorphic imbalances; cultural and spiritual uses of rivers; and many other socially valued products and services. This paper describes an assessment framework that can be used to evaluate the benefits that might be restored through dam re-operation. Assessing the potential benefits of dam re-operation begins by characterizing the dam's effects on the river flow regime, and formulating hypotheses about the ecological and social benefits that might be restored by releasing water from the dam in a manner that more closely resembles natural flow patterns. These hypotheses can be tested by implementing a re-operation plan, tracking the response of the ecosystem, and continually refining dam operations through adaptive management. The paper highlights a number of land and water management strategies useful in implementing a dam re-operation plan, with reference to a variety of management contexts ranging from individual dams to cascades of dams along a river to regional energy grids. Because many of the

  14. Research progress on dam-break floods

    KAUST Repository

    Wu, Jiansong


    Because of the catastrophic effects downstream of dam-break failure, more and more researchers around the world have been working on the study of dam-break flows to accurately forecast the downstream inundation mapping. With the rapid development of computer hardware and computing techniques, numerical study on dam-break flows has been a popular research subject. In the paper, the numerical methodologies used to solve the governing partial differential equations of dam-break flows are classified and summarized, and their characteristics and applications are discussed respectively. Furthermore, the fully-developed mathematical models developed in recent decades are reviewed, and also introduced the authors\\' on-going work. Finally, some possible future developments on modeling the dam-break flows and some solutions are presented and discussed. © 2011 IEEE.

  15. Do we need construct more dams? (United States)

    Chen, J.; Shi, H.


    This paper reviews global dam development in association with the growths of global population, economy, and energy consumption in the past several decades, and also evaluates contributions of dam development to future world sustainable development. Eventually, this paper answers whether we need more dams in the future or not. The world population has rapidly increased from 1.6 billion in 1900, 2.5 billion in 1950, 6.1 billion in 2000, to 7.0 billion in 2011, and is projected to reach 9.5 billion in 2050; similarly, the world economy has dramatically expanded. To maintain socioeconomic development, the consumption of water, food and energy has increased rapidly as well. However, the total volume of available water resource over the world is limited, the food production largely depends on water supply, and the main energy sources are still oil, coal and gas at present, which are regarded as non-renewable resources. Accordingly, it is expected that we will face serious problems to deal with the challenges of water crisis, food security and energy shortage in the near future. In order to enhance the capability of regulating water resource, a great number of global dams (and related reservoirs) have been constructed in the last one hundred years; currently, almost all large rivers over the world have been regulated by dams. The reservoirs can supply sufficient water for irrigated land to ensure food production, and the associated hydropower stations can generate electricity. This article collects the dam data from the ICOLD (International Commission on Large Dams) and GRanD (Global Reservoir and Dam) databases, and some socioeconomic data, including population, economy, and consumptions of water, food and energy over the world. Analysis of these data reveals that global dam development has a great impact on the world sustainable development. Further, it is concluded that we need further dam development to maintain our future development.

  16. The Marginalization of Globally-Born Businesses: Ethnically Divided Trade in Hamburg and the World Economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rezaei, Shahamak


    , qualitative as well as quantitative, of how such an ethnic enclave economy of scale operates, how it reproduced itself and how it met the challenges, be it political, demographical or others. Results: The study showed, that in spite of major political turbulence in Iran since 1979, the spreading of state...... controlled trading companies inside and outside of Iran and increasing international market pressure due to the growth of copying production of Persian carpets in other countries, the Tehran-Hamburg axis remains the core of this trade-with private Iranian traders occupying the dominant position on both sides......, entrance into mainstream economy which required both more than common national and ethnic background. The challenge for this economy is how to dissolve from strong ties to more loose organization based on rationally structured mode of organization. So far, however, the limited group of traders stick...

  17. Port Competition in the Northern Range from Le Havre to Hamburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Thorez


    Full Text Available The main European ports of the Northern Range facingstrong competition develop various strategies. Rotterdam andLe Havre, fast transit, Antwe1p, logistic activities with storage,Hamburg, hub for central and eastem Europe. These strategieswill be described in the paper.All of them are building new container terminals and usenew tools in technology of communications to increase trafficand to enable shipping lines to achieve their own strategies. Thenew equipments will also b.: analysed.In the last years, the competition is mainly on the links withthe hinterland. Major ports t1y to enlarge their hinterlands bytransshipment, railway con"idors, waterway connections andhighways. The importance of ports and inland intermodalnodes is growing.Nowadays, port competition in the Northern Range is locatednot only in the ports.

  18. 28th Annual DIA EuroMeeting (April 6-8, 2016 - Hamburg, Germany). (United States)

    Petit, M D; Fernández, J


    The 28(th) Drug Information Association (DIA) Annual EuroMeeting took place in Hamburg, Germany, gathering together participants from different industries, organizations, academic research centers, regulatory agencies and health ministries, mainly from the E.U. The conference began with a regulatory Town Hall meeting focusing on the E.U. Medicines Agencies Network strategy to 2020. This was followed by an opening plenary session where the diverse roles of innovation in drug development were discussed. Areas for discussion over the meeting were classified into 14 main themes, and for each session, profession¬als from the pharmaceutical industry, regulatory agencies and health ministries, as well as delegates from patient organizations, presented their considerations for debate. This report covers some regulatory sessions presented at the meeting. Copyright 2016 Prous Science, S.A.U. or its licensors. All rights reserved.

  19. The Technical and Business Analysis of Using Shore Power Connection in The Port of Hamburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devi Hotnauli Samosir


    Full Text Available In port, when the ship is berthing the loading, unloading, and hospitality activity is using auxiliary engine. The combustion of marine fuels is a major contributor to air pollution, the air pollution is released 400 km around the port area. The impacts of the pollution are respiratory, health, and the environment around ports. Study indicates 60.000 of cardiopulmonary mortalities caused by ship air emission. Ship emission represents 3% of global CO2, 15% of global NOx, and 6% of global SOx emission. Because of that Hamburg Port is released the shore power facilities in July 2015 with idea of smart port and use the renewable energy such as wind turbine and solar panel compliance with IEC-ISO-IEEE 8005-1. In this bachelor thesis, the cost and also the condition between shore power and auxiliary engine will be analyzed and compared to find the most economical between shore power facilities and ship’s auxiliary engine. Shore power facilities in Hamburg are provided by SIEMENS with SIHARBOR and use a robot arm by Stemman Technik as the cable management system. The goal of this thesis is developed calculation tool to see the cost comparison and also the emission. And from the calculation tool the shore power is reducing the emission by 100% because of using the renewable energy and become economical than using auxiliary engine, it can save up to €1000. The other benefits  are ship owner can save maintenance of their auxiliary engine and also saved the file. It shows that the shore power is a proven technology to reduce the emission and saved berth cost.

  20. Inactivation of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis during cooking of hamburger patties. (United States)

    Hammer, Philipp; Walte, Hans-Georg C; Matzen, Sönke; Hensel, Jann; Kiesner, Christian


    The role of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in Crohn's disease in humans has been debated for many years. Milk and milk products have been suggested as possible vectors for transmission since the beginning of this debate, whereas recent publications show that slaughtered cattle and their carcasses, meat, and organs can also serve as reservoirs for MAP transmission. The objective of this study was to generate heat-inactivation data for MAP during the cooking of hamburger patties. Hamburger patties of lean ground beef weighing 70 and 50 g were cooked for 6, 5, 4, 3, and 2 min, which were sterilized by irradiation and spiked with three different MAP strains at levels between 10² and 10⁶ CFU/ml. Single-sided cooking with one flip was applied, and the temperatures within the patties were recorded by seven thermocouples. Counting of the surviving bacteria was performed by direct plating onto Herrold's egg yolk medium and a three-vial most-probable-number method by using modified Dubos medium. There was considerable variability in temperature throughout the patties during frying. In addition, the log reduction in MAP numbers showed strong variations. In patties weighing 70 g, considerable bacterial reduction of 4 log or larger could only be achieved after 6 min of cooking. For all other cooking times, the bacterial reduction was less than 2 log. Patties weighing 50 g showed a 5-log or larger reduction after cooking times of 5 and 6 min. To determine the inactivation kinetics, a log-linear regression model was used, showing a constant decrease of MAP numbers over cooking time.

  1. Variation in the effectiveness of refractive surgery during the year: results from the Hamburg Weather Study. (United States)

    Neuhaus-Richard, Ines; Frings, Andreas; Ament, Felix; Görsch, Isabel Caroline; Druchkiv, Vasyl; Katz, Toam; Linke, Stephan Johannes; Richard, Gisbert


    To examine the impact of seasonality on the refractive and visual outcomes of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in myopic eyes. Department of Ophthalmology and Care Vision Refractive Centers, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. Retrospective cross-sectional data analysis. Two subgroups were defined. The first comprised patients having surgery during meteorological winter and the second, patients having surgery during meteorological summer. The manifest refraction and uncorrected and corrected visual acuities were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively. Robust regression analysis was applied with the efficacy index, safety index, and postoperative SE as dependent variables. This study comprised 1052 eyes of 1052 consecutive myopic patients (419 men, 633 women; mean age at surgery 35.0 years ± 9.0 [SD]) with a mean preoperative refractive spherical equivalent (SE) of -3.88 ± 1.85 diopters (D). At the 1-month follow-up (mean 33.0 ± 5.0 days), the mean postoperative SE was -0.18 ± 0.44 D. The efficacy index was 0.023 higher in eyes with refractive surgery during summer than in eyes treated during winter (P=.032), indicating less efficacy during winter. The differences in the safety index and postoperative SE between summer and winter were not statistically significant. No eye had a change of more than 1 line on the logMAR scale (corrected distance visual acuity). Although the difference in the efficacy index was statistically significant, the difference in the outcomes of LASIK was not clinically relevant, which shows the procedure's highly standardized reliability. Prospective longitudinal studies are warranted to address meteorotropic reactions by evaluating defined meteorological parameters. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. Copyright © 2014 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Deformation Monitoring and Bathymetry Analyses in Rock-Fill Dams, a Case Study at Ataturk Dam (United States)

    Kalkan, Y.; Bilgi, S.


    Turkey has 595 dams constructed between 1936 and 2013 for the purposes of irrigation, flood control, hydroelectric energy and drinking water. A major portion of the dam basins in Turkey are deprived of vegetation and have slope topography on near surrounding area. However, landscaping covered with forest around the dam basin is desirable for erosion control. In fact; the dams, have basins deprived of vegetation, fill up quickly due to sediment transport. Erosion control and forestation are important factors, reducing the sediment, to protect the water basins of the dams and increase the functioning life of the dams. The functioning life of dams is as important as the investment and construction. Nevertheless, in order to provide safety of human life living around, well planned monitoring is essential for dams. Dams are very large and critical structures and they demand the use or application of precise measuring systems. Some basic physical data are very important for assessing the safety and performance of dams. These are movement, water pressure, seepage, reservoir and tail-water elevations, local seismic activities, total pressure, stress and strain, internal concrete temperature, ambient temperature and precipitation. Monitoring is an essential component of the dam after construction and during operation and must en­able the timely detection of any behavior that could deteriorate the dam, potentially result in its shutdown or failure. Considering the time and labor consumed by long-term measurements, processing and analysis of measured data, importance of the small structural motions at regular intervals could be comprehended. This study provides some information, safety and the techniques about the deformation monitoring of the dams, dam safety and related analysis. The case study is the deformation measurements of Atatürk Dam in Turkey which is the 6th largest dam of world considering the filling volume of embankment. Brief information is given about the


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe ROMANESCU


    Full Text Available The dams represent hydrotechnical constructions meant to ensure a judicious use of water resources. The international literature is extremely rich in data regarding the large dams on Earth. In this context, a hierarchy of the main dams is attempted and the role they play in the economic development of the regions they were built in is underlined. The largest dams are built on the big rivers in Asia, North America, South America and Africa. The reservoirs have multiple roles: electricity production, drinking or industrial water supply, irrigations, recreation, etc. High costs and land fragility do not allow the construction of dams in the places most affected by drought or flood. This is why they are usually built in mountainous areas, at great distance from the populated centres. On the Romanian territory, there are 246 large dams, built in the hydrographical basins of Siret, Olt, Arges, Somes, etc. The largest rivers on Earth, by discharge, (Amazon and Zair do not also include the largest dams because the landform and the type of flow have not allowed such constructions.

  4. Modelling the emissions from ships in ports and their impact on air quality in the metropolitan area of Hamburg (United States)

    Ramacher, Martin; Karl, Matthias; Aulinger, Armin; Bieser, Johannes; Matthias, Volker; Quante, Markus


    Exhaust emissions from shipping contribute significantly to the anthropogenic burden of air pollutants such as nitrogen oxides (NOX) and particulate matter (PM). Ships emit not only when sailing on open sea, but also when approaching harbors, during port manoeuvers and at berth to produce electricity and heat for the ship's operations. This affects the population of harbor cities because long-term exposure to PM and NOX has significant effects on human health. The European Union has therefore has set air quality standards for air pollutants. Many port cities have problems meeting these standards. The port of Hamburg with around 10.000 ship calls per year is Germany's largest seaport and Europe's second largest container port. Air quality standard reporting in Hamburg has revealed problems in meeting limits for NO2 and PM10. The amount and contribution of port related ship emissions (38% for NOx and 17% for PM10) to the overall emissions in the metropolitan area in 2005 [BSU Hamburg (2012): Luftreinhalteplan für Hamburg. 1. Fortschreibung 2012] has been modelled with a bottom up approach by using statistical data of ship activities in the harbor, technical vessel information and specific emission algorithms [GAUSS (2008): Quantifizierung von gasförmigen Emissionen durch Maschinenanlagen der Seeschiffart an der deutschen Küste]. However, knowledge about the spatial distribution of the harbor ship emissions over the city area is crucial when it comes to air quality standards and policy decisions to protect human health. Hence, this model study examines the spatial distribution of harbor ship emissions (NOX, PM10) and their deposition in the Hamburg metropolitan area. The transport and chemical transformation of atmospheric pollutants is calculated with the well-established chemistry transport model TAPM (The Air Pollution Model). TAPM is a three-dimensional coupled prognostic meteorological and air pollution model with a condensed chemistry scheme including

  5. Investigation of quality of storage dam in Ilam, identifying of pollutant resources and pollutants attitude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moayed Avazpour


    Full Text Available Water quality of dam storage is highly affected by upstream environment and basin. Regarding other conducted studies, there exist various reasons such as some studies and general monitoring of dams which cause some main problems including salinity, chemical and microbial pollution eutrophication, and sedimentation. Chame-Gerdalan storage dam in Ilam Province is one of the storages which have many environmental issues because of discharge upstream rural wastewaters, animal excreta, agricultural drainage, and leachate. The aim of this study is to signify the quality of Ilam’s storage dam and also to recognize the pollutant resources and to analyze the pollutants’ behavior at different times and sites in order to determine dam properties for agricultural and domestic usages. Regarding the importance of the topic, the present study (in the year 2012 is based on the collected information of water quality of the basin, recognition of pollutant resources and measurement of qualitative parameters such as temperature, TDS, EC, BOD5, COD, nitrogen, phosphor, and pH in seven periods of time (from May to November. The results show that the total increase in the concentration of all variables along the basin are over double, in particular, Nitrat, Sulfat, BOD, and COD. After analyzing data with some water quality indexes, we analyzed water quality of the storage and some strategies were applied in order to control the effect decrease in the dam storage which, a management program was presented to improve water quality.

  6. Geophysics Methods in Electrometric Assessment of Dams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davydov, V. A., E-mail:; Baidikov, S. V., E-mail:; Gorshkov, V. Yu., E-mail:; Malikov, A. V., E-mail: [Russian Academy of Sciences, Geophysical Institute, Ural Branch (Russian Federation)


    The safety assessment of hydraulic structures is proposed to be conducted via geoelectric measurements, which are capable of assessing the health of earth dams in their natural bedding without intervention in their structure. Geoelectric measurements are shown as being capable of pinpointing hazardous parts of a dam, including areas of elevated seepage. Applications of such methods are shown for a number of mini-dams in the Sverdlovsk region. Aparameter (effective longitudinal conductivity) that may be used to monitor the safety of hydraulic structures is proposed. Quantitative estimates of this parameter are given in terms of the degree of safely.

  7. Sustainability of dams-an evaluation approach (United States)

    Petersson, E.


    Situated in the stream bed of a river, dams and reservoirs interrupt the natural hydrological cycle. They are very sensitive to all kinds of changes in the catchment, among others global impacts on land use, climate, settlement structures or living standards. Vice versa dams strongly affect the spatially distributed, complex system of ecology, economy and society in the catchment both up- and downstream of the reservoir. The occurrence of negative impacts due to large dams led to serious conflicts about future dams. Nevertheless, water shortages due to climatic conditions and their changes, that are faced by enormous water and energy demands due to rising living standards of a growing world population, seem to require further dam construction, even if both supply and demand management are optimised. Although environmental impact assessments are compulsory for dams financed by any of the international funding agencies, it has to be assumed that the projects lack sustainability. Starting from an inventory of today's environmental impact assessments as an integral part of a feasibility study the presentation will identify their inadequacies with regard to the sustainability of dams. To improve the sustainability of future dams and avoid the mistakes of the past, the planning procedures for dams have to be adapted. The highly complex and dynamical system of interrelated physical and non-physical processes, that involves many different groups of stakeholders, constitutes the need for a model-oriented decision support system. In line with the report of the World Commission of Dams an integrated analysis and structure of the complex interrelations between dams, ecology, economy and society will be presented. Thus the system, that a respective tool will be based on, is analysed. Furthermore an outlook will be given on the needs of the potential users of a DSS and how it has to be embedded in the overall planning process. The limits of computer-based decision-support in the

  8. Predictions of total deformations in Jebba main dam by finite ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examined the deformations of the Jebba Main Dam, Jebba Nigeria using the finite element method. The study also evaluated the predicted deformations and compared them with the actual deformations in the dam to identify possible causes of the observed longitudinal crack at the dam crest. The Jebba dam is a ...

  9. Environmental management in the context of an integrated system in the gas supply concepts of Hamburg and Vienna; Umweltmanagement im Rahmen eines integrierten Systems in der Gasversorgung in Hamburg und in Wien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reimers, G.; Rennecke, R.W. [HEIN GAS Hamburger Gaswerke GmbH, Hamburg (Germany); Dvorak, H. [WIENGAS, Wien (Austria)


    WIENGAS implemented an environmental management system based on DIN EN ISO 14001 as integrated management system with a quality management system based on DIN EN ISO 9001:2000. The existing integrated management system of HEIN GAS was used as basis. Additional consultant was bought from Hamburg too. The following news item reports about the ecobalance of HEIN GAS and the process ratio of WIENGAS. (orig.) [German] Bei der Wiengas wurde ein Umweltmanagementsystem nach DIN EN ISO 14001 zusammen als integriertes Managementsystem mit einem Qualitaetsmanagementsystem nach DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 eingefuehrt. Bei der Einfuehrung wurde das seit 1996 existierende integrierte Managementsystem von HEINGAS als Orientierungsgrundlage herangezogen und Beratung aus Hamburg eingekauft. Im nachfolgenden Artikel soll auf die Oekobilanz von HEINGAS und auf die Prozesskennzahlen der WIENGAS eingegangen werden. (orig.)

  10. Dam break analysis and flood inundation map of Krisak dam for emergency action plan (United States)

    Juliastuti, Setyandito, Oki


    The Indonesian Regulation which refers to the ICOLD Regulation (International Committee on Large Dam required have the Emergency Action Plan (EAP) guidelines because of the dams have potential failure. In EAP guidelines there is a management of evacuation where the determination of the inundation map based on flood modeling. The purpose of the EAP is to minimize the risk of loss of life and property in downstream which caused by dam failure. This paper will describe about develop flood modeling and inundation map in Krisak dam using numerical methods through dam break analysis (DBA) using hydraulic model Zhong Xing HY-21. The approaches of dam failure simulation are overtopping and piping. Overtopping simulation based on quadrangular, triangular and trapezium fracture. Piping simulation based on cracks of orifice. Using results of DBA, hazard classification of Krisak dam is very high. The nearest village affected dam failure is Singodutan village (distance is 1.45 kilometer from dam) with inundation depth is 1.85 meter. This result can be used by stakeholders such as emergency responders and the community at risk in formulating evacuation procedure.

  11. 33 CFR 208.19 - Marshall Ford Dam and Reservoir (Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex. (United States)


    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Marshall Ford Dam and Reservoir... Marshall Ford Dam and Reservoir (Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex. The Secretary of the Interior, through his agent, the Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) shall operate the Marshall Ford Dam...

  12. Physical - Elwha River Dam Removal Study (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This study examines the ecosystem response of the Elwha River to the removal of the Elwha River dams. We will measure the following attributes of ecosystem response:...

  13. Dams life; La vie des barrages

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This paper summarizes the conclusions of the annual inspections of French dams in operation (fissures, water oozing, concrete swelling etc..). Only the observations which require a special attention are reported. (J.S.)

  14. Chemical - Elwha River Dam Removal Study (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This study examines the ecosystem response of the Elwha River to the removal of the Elwha River dams. We will measure the following attributes of ecosystem response:...

  15. Biological - Elwha River Dam Removal Study (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This study examines the ecosystem response of the Elwha River to the removal of the Elwha River dams. We will measure the following attributes of ecosystem response:...

  16. Final Design Analysis : Lake Ladora Dam Repair (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report is intended to present Rocky Mountain Arsenal with details concerning the remedial repair for Ladora Dam to meet the geotechnical concerns and hydrologic...

  17. Technical bulletin : geotechnical considerations for dam safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    The safety of dams requires a thorough understanding of the geotechnical elements of dam design. This technical bulletin outlined methods for conducting geotechnical assessments as part of dam safety analyses. It included an overview of methods for minimizing and control seepage, as well as preventing internal and surface erosion. Geotechnical considerations for foundation, abutments, and reservoir bank slope conditions were also presented. Geotechnical safety assessment techniques were presented for earthfill, embankment, and rockfill dams. Appurtenant structures, reservoir rims, and foundations were examined. Hazards and failure modes included overtopping, internal erosion, slope instability, and earthquake liquefaction. Foundation irregularities and surface erosion assesment methods were presented. Geotechnical considerations for loading conditions, shear strength, discontinuities, compatibilities, foundation permeability, and foundation compressibility were presented along with analysis, design, and remedial considerations. 53 refs., 6 tabs.

  18. Repair and Rehabilitation of Dams: Case Studies (United States)


    were grouted. In 1958, the entire downstream face of the dam was resurfaced with gunite, and wrought iron nosing was installed on the gatehouse intake...Cpm (32 gpm), virtually all of which was entering the gallery through vertical roof drains and fissures well above the levels grouted. The concrete...long center con- crete gravity dam contains a 12-m- (40-ft-) long gatehouse structure and a 73.5-m- (41-ft-) long flashboard regulated spillway

  19. Port of Hamburg - masterpiece of logistic: Presentation held at the Workshop Maritime and Logistics - Partnerships for Global Competitiveness, 24.10.2013, Montreal


    Jahn, Carlos


    The port of Hamburg represents a masterpiece of logistics. It not only delivers performance but also masters complexity. In addition it provides connectivity to other continents and within Europe. The "Port River Information System Elbe" and the "Port Road Management" contribute to the efficiency of the port. All this is topped off with the fact that the port of Hamburg also strives to eco-friendliness.

  20. Wind-Driven Ecological Flow Regimes Downstream from Hydropower Dams (United States)

    Kern, J.; Characklis, G. W.


    challenge, the following study was designed to investigate the potential for wind power integration to alter riparian flow regimes below hydroelectric dams. A hydrological model of a three-dam cascade in the Roanoke River basin (Virginia, USA) is interfaced with a simulated electricity market (i.e. a unit commitment problem) representing the Dominion Zone of PJM Interconnection. Incorporating forecasts of electricity demand, hydro capacity and wind availability, a mixed-integer optimization program minimizes the system cost of meeting hourly demand and reserve requirements by means of a diverse generation portfolio (e.g. nuclear, fossil, hydro, and biomass). A secondary 'balancing' energy market is executed if real-time wind generation is less than the day-ahead forecast, calling upon reserved generation resources to meet the supply shortfall. Hydropower release schedules are determined across a range of wind development scenarios (varying wind's fraction of total installed generating capacity, as well as its geographical source region). Flow regimes for each wind development scenario are compared against both historical and simulated flows under current operations (negligible wind power), as well as simulated natural flows (dam removal), in terms of ecologically relevant flow metrics. Results quantify the ability of wind power development to alter within-week stream flows downstream from hydropower dams.

  1. Crosshole seismic tomography across a masonry dam (United States)

    Wong, Joe


    An intensive crosshole seismic survey was done across a 700-foot-long stone-masonry dam. It involved measurements on six connected panels each approximately 100 feet in width extending completely across the dam from abutment to abutment. The objective was to provide tomographic images of P-wave velocity and dynamic elastic moduli of the dam and foundation materials along the axis of the dam. Field seismograms were recorded with an airgun source and hydrophone detectors. Data analysis included interactive time-picking, plotting of common source gathers, and tomographic imaging using an iterative back-propagation technique. Color-coded tomograms of velocity and dynamic Young's modulus were produced and correlated with geological and geophysical data measured on drill core samples. Low values of velocity and dynamic elastic modulus correlated with low RQD and high fracture frequency. The tomograms showed significant variations of mechanical properties in the stone masonry dam and its foundation. The colored tomograms were useful in highlighting zones of weak rock possibly requiring remedial action. They also assisted engineering evaluation of the dam by providing a detailed two-dimensional distribution of mechanical properties which can be used as ground truth data for numerical modeling of stress-strain fields.

  2. Estimating flood inundation caused by dam failures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mocan, N. [Crozier and Associates Inc., Collingwood, ON (Canada); Joy, D.M. [Guelph Univ., ON (Canada). School of Engineering; Rungis, G. [Grand River Conservation Authority, Cambridge, ON (Canada)


    Recent advancements in modelling inundation due to dam failures have allowed easier and more illustrative analyses of potential outcomes. This paper described new model and mapping capabilities available using the HEC-RAS hydraulic model in concert with geographic information systems (GIS). The study area was the upper reaches of Canagagigue Creek and the Woolwich Dam near Elmira, Ontario. A hydraulic analysis of a hypothetical dam failure was developed based on the summer probable maximum flood (PMF) event. Limits extended from Woolwich Dam to downstream of the Town of Elmira. An incoming summer PMF hydrograph was set as the upstream boundary condition in the upstream model. Simulation parameters include simulation time-step; implicit weighting factor; water surface calculation tolerance; and output calculation interval. Peak flows were presented, as well as corresponding flood inundation results through the Town of Elmira. The hydraulic model results were exported to a GIS in order to develop inundation maps for emergency management planning. Results from post-processing included inundation maps for each of the simulated time-steps as well as an inundation animation for the duration of the dam breach. It was concluded that the modelling tools presented in the study can be applied to other dam safety assessment projects in order to develop effective and efficient emergency preparedness plans through public consultation and the establishment of impact zones. 1 tab., 2 figs.

  3. Geodetic deformation monitoring at Pendidikan Diponegoro Dam (United States)

    Yuwono, Bambang Darmo; Awaluddin, Moehammad; Yusuf, M. A.; Fadillah, Rizki


    Deformation monitoring is one indicator to assess the feasibility of Dam. In order to get the correct result of the deformation, it is necessary to determine appropriate deformation monitoring network and the observation data should be analyse and evaluated carefully. Measurement and analysis of deformation requires relatively accurate data and the precision is high enough, one of the observation method that used is GPS (Global Positioning System). The research was conducted at Pendidikan Undip Dams is Dam which is located in Tembang. Diponegoro Dam was built in 2013 and a volume of 50.86 m3 of water, inundation normal width of up to 13,500 m2. The main purpose of these building is not only for drainage but also for education and micro hydro power plant etc. The main goal of this reasearch was to monitor and analyze the deformation at Pendidikan Undip Dam and to determaine whether GPS measurement could meet accuracy requirement for dam deformation measurements. Measurements were made 2 times over 2 years, 2015 and 2016 using dual frequency GPS receivers with static methods and processed by Scientific Software GAMIT 10.6

  4. Global phosphorus retention by river damming. (United States)

    Maavara, Taylor; Parsons, Christopher T; Ridenour, Christine; Stojanovic, Severin; Dürr, Hans H; Powley, Helen R; Van Cappellen, Philippe


    More than 70,000 large dams have been built worldwide. With growing water stress and demand for energy, this number will continue to increase in the foreseeable future. Damming greatly modifies the ecological functioning of river systems. In particular, dam reservoirs sequester nutrient elements and, hence, reduce downstream transfer of nutrients to floodplains, lakes, wetlands, and coastal marine environments. Here, we quantify the global impact of dams on the riverine fluxes and speciation of the limiting nutrient phosphorus (P), using a mechanistic modeling approach that accounts for the in-reservoir biogeochemical transformations of P. According to the model calculations, the mass of total P (TP) trapped in reservoirs nearly doubled between 1970 and 2000, reaching 42 Gmol y(-1), or 12% of the global river TP load in 2000. Because of the current surge in dam building, we project that by 2030, about 17% of the global river TP load will be sequestered in reservoir sediments. The largest projected increases in TP and reactive P (RP) retention by damming will take place in Asia and South America, especially in the Yangtze, Mekong, and Amazon drainage basins. Despite the large P retention capacity of reservoirs, the export of RP from watersheds will continue to grow unless additional measures are taken to curb anthropogenic P emissions.

  5. Reliability of a science admission test (HAM-Nat) at Hamburg medical school (United States)

    Hissbach, Johanna; Klusmann, Dietrich; Hampe, Wolfgang


    Objective: The University Hospital in Hamburg (UKE) started to develop a test of knowledge in natural sciences for admission to medical school in 2005 (Hamburger Auswahlverfahren für Medizinische Studiengänge, Naturwissenschaftsteil, HAM-Nat). This study is a step towards establishing the HAM-Nat. We are investigating parallel forms reliability, the effect of a crash course in chemistry on test results, and correlations of HAM-Nat test results with a test of scientific reasoning (similar to a subtest of the "Test for Medical Studies", TMS). Methods: 316 first-year students participated in the study in 2007. They completed different versions of the HAM-Nat test which consisted of items that had already been used (HN2006) and new items (HN2007). Four weeks later half of the participants were tested on the HN2007 version of the HAM-Nat again, while the other half completed the test of scientific reasoning. Within this four week interval students were offered a five day chemistry course. Results: Parallel forms reliability for four different test versions ranged from rtt=.53 to rtt=.67. The retest reliabilities of the HN2007 halves were rtt=.54 and rtt =.61. Correlations of the two HAM-Nat versions with the test of scientific reasoning were r=.34 und r=.21. The crash course in chemistry had no effect on HAM-Nat scores. Conclusions: The results suggest that further versions of the test of natural sciences will not easily conform to the standards of internal consistency, parallel-forms reliability and retest reliability. Much care has to be taken in order to assemble items which could be used interchangeably for the construction of new test versions. The test of scientific reasoning and the HAM-Nat are tapping different constructs. Participation in a chemistry course did not improve students’ achievement, probably because the content of the course was not coordinated with the test and many students lacked of motivation to do well in the second test. PMID:21866246

  6. Reliability of a science admission test (HAM-Nat) at Hamburg medical school. (United States)

    Hissbach, Johanna; Klusmann, Dietrich; Hampe, Wolfgang


    The University Hospital in Hamburg (UKE) started to develop a test of knowledge in natural sciences for admission to medical school in 2005 (Hamburger Auswahlverfahren für Medizinische Studiengänge, Naturwissenschaftsteil, HAM-Nat). This study is a step towards establishing the HAM-Nat. We are investigating parallel forms reliability, the effect of a crash course in chemistry on test results, and correlations of HAM-Nat test results with a test of scientific reasoning (similar to a subtest of the "Test for Medical Studies", TMS). 316 first-year students participated in the study in 2007. They completed different versions of the HAM-Nat test which consisted of items that had already been used (HN2006) and new items (HN2007). Four weeks later half of the participants were tested on the HN2007 version of the HAM-Nat again, while the other half completed the test of scientific reasoning. Within this four week interval students were offered a five day chemistry course. Parallel forms reliability for four different test versions ranged from r(tt)=.53 to r(tt)=.67. The retest reliabilities of the HN2007 halves were r(tt)=.54 and r(tt )=.61. Correlations of the two HAM-Nat versions with the test of scientific reasoning were r=.34 und r=.21. The crash course in chemistry had no effect on HAM-Nat scores. The results suggest that further versions of the test of natural sciences will not easily conform to the standards of internal consistency, parallel-forms reliability and retest reliability. Much care has to be taken in order to assemble items which could be used interchangeably for the construction of new test versions. The test of scientific reasoning and the HAM-Nat are tapping different constructs. Participation in a chemistry course did not improve students' achievement, probably because the content of the course was not coordinated with the test and many students lacked of motivation to do well in the second test.

  7. The Comparative Effect of Carrot and Lemon Fiber as a Fat Replacer on Physico-chemical, Textural, and Organoleptic Quality of Low-fat Beef Hamburger. (United States)

    Soncu, Eda Demirok; Kolsarıcı, Nuray; Çiçek, Neslihan; Öztürk, Görsen Salman; Akoğlu, Ilker T; Arıcı, Yeliz Kaşko


    This study was designed to determine the usability of lemon fiber (LF-2%, 4%, 6%) and carrot fiber (CF-2%, 4%, 6%) to produce low-fat beef hamburgers. To that end, a certain amount of fat was replaced with each fiber. The proximate composition, pH value, cholesterol content, cooking characteristics, color, texture profile, and sensory properties of low-fat beef hamburgers were investigated. LF increased moisture content and cooking yield due to its better water binding properties, while CF caused higher fat and cholesterol contents owing to its higher fat absorption capacity (p<0.05). LF resulted in a lighter, redder, and more yellow color (p<0.05). Hardness, gumminess, springiness, and chewiness parameters decreased when the usage level of both fibers increased (p<0.05). However, more tender, gummy, springy, and smoother hamburgers were produced by the addition of CF in comparison with LF (p<0.05). Moreover, hamburgers including CF were rated with higher sensory scores (p<0.05). In conclusion, LF demonstrated better technological results in terms of cooking yield, shrinkage, moisture retention, and fat retention. However it is suggested that CF produces better low-fat hamburgers since up to 2% CF presented sensory and textural properties similar to those of regular hamburgers.

  8. The Zoology Department at Washington University (1944-1954): from undergraduate to graduate studies with Viktor Hamburger. (United States)

    Dunnebacke, T H


    Beginning from an undergraduate's perspective and continuing through graduate school, this student's experiences in the Department of Zoology at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri was a time of many rewarding experiences. Now, on this occasion of his 100th birthday, I wish to express my appreciation to the Chairman, Dr. Viktor Hamburger, for his teachings, his encouragement, and his friendship that has lasted over the past 56 years.

  9. Quality of life of Turkish type 2 diabetics in Germany and Turkey--a comparison between Hamburg and Istanbul. (United States)

    Kofahl, Christopher; Doğan, Mustafa; Doğan, Gülsün; Mnich, Eva; von dem Knesebeck, Olaf


    The analyses address the following research questions: (1) Do Turkish diabetics in Germany and Turkey differ in terms of quality of life? (2) If yes, can these differences (in part) be explained by social factors (age, gender, education, household size), functional limitations and availability of support? (3) Are social factors, functional limitations and availability of support differently associated with quality of life among Turkish diabetics in Germany and Turkey? For this comparative cross-sectional study, 111 patients with type 2 diabetes were personally interviewed in Istanbul (Turkey) and 294 Turkish patients in Hamburg (Germany). For quality of life measurement we have used the Turkish version of the WHOQOL-Bref-26. Sociodemographics included age, sex, education and household-size. Health related functional limitations were assessed on the basis of an index of (instrumental) activities of daily living including the availability of help. Statistical analyses were conducted on group comparisons with Chi-square- and T-tests as well as linear regressions. There are no significant differences between Turkish diabetics in Germany and Turkey in the physical and the psychological dimensions of the WHOQOL-Bref. However, in the WHOQOL-domains 'social QoL' and 'environmental QoL' Turkish diabetics living in Hamburg have a significantly better quality of life than their counterparts in Istanbul. These differences cannot be explained by individual sociodemographic factors, functional limitations and availability of support. Furthermore, we found much stronger positive associations between education and quality of life in Istanbul than in Hamburg. Beyond strong similarities between the two samples in sociodemographics, physical and mental health the social and environmental quality of life was significantly assessed better by the Turkish diabetics living in Hamburg. This is most likely an effect of public investment in social security, infrastructure and health care

  10. Managing and governing commodity chains: the role of producer service firms in the secondary global city of Hamburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parnreiter, Christof


    Full Text Available This paper is motivated by the observation that our understanding of global cities in Germany and beyond is limited because the practices through which producer service firms (PSFs are involved in managing and governing their clients’ global commodity chains (GCCs have barely been studied. Based on interviews with representatives of PSFs in the secondary global city of Hamburg, the paper scrutinises whether and how service professionals contribute to the functioning and the control of their clients’ cross-border operations. It also analyses why clients choose global PSFs located in Hamburg, and it discusses which place Hamburg occupies in the network of German global cities. The paper concludes that because PSFs fulfil management functions for their clients’ global operations Hamburg is, beyond the role of its port, a critical node in many GCCs. Secondly, PSFs influence their clients’ decision-making processes. They are part of economic governance processes, though this impact cannot be straightforwardly equated with ‘command and control’. The paper also confirms that (and explains why the world city network is the spatial correlate of a globalising economy. Finally, there is no such a thing as a ‘global city hierarchy’ because the division of labour between the offices of PSFs is functional. As regards further research, a first task is to verify this paper’s findings through interviews with clients of PSFs to consolidate our knowledge on the role of PSFs in GCCs. Secondly, the contention that the world city network is flat has to be re-examined against the backdrop of an evident clustering of PSFs in specific cities. Finally, the discussion of whether and how PSFs are involved in the governance of their clients‘ GCCs needs to be continued and deepened.

  11. Effects of Lemon Balm on the Oxidative Stability and the Quality Properties of Hamburger Patties during Refrigerated Storage (United States)

    Lee, Hyun-Joo; Choi, Yang-Il


    This study was performed to investigate the effects of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) on various quality and antioxidant activity of hamburger patties. Lemon balm extract (LBE) showed the highest amount of total polyphenol (801.00 mg TAE/g DW) and flavonoids (65.05 mg RA/g DW). The IC50 value of DPPH hydroxyl scavenging of LBE was 132 μg/mL. The hamburger patties were prepared by 0% (N), 0.1% (L1), 0.5% (L2), and 1.0% (L3) of the lemon balm powder. The addition of lemon balm powder increased the chewiness value, but did not affect the hardness, cohesiveness, and springiness values. Lemon balm powder had positive effects on sensory evaluation of patties. The pH of all patties decreased with longer storage period. 2-Thiobarbituric acid value, volatile basic nitrogen content, and the total microbial counts of hamburger patties in the L3 group were lower, compared to those of the normal (N group). In conclusion, the L3 group had significantly delayed lipid peroxidation compared to other treatment groups. However, the addition of lemon balm powder into patties showed no significantly influence on proximate composition, calorie contents, water holding capacity and cooking loss of patties. Therefore, lemon balm might be a useful natural antioxidant additive in meat products. PMID:26761292

  12. Isolation of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7/NM from hamburger and chicken nugget

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Miri


    Material and Methods: From June 2013 to July 2013, a total of 190 hamburger (120 and chicken nugget (70, were collected from four randomly selected factories in Isfahan, Iran. They were evaluated for the presence of E. coli O157:H7/NM using microbiological culture and polymerase chain reaction. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software version 16.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago o, IL, USA. Results: From a total of 190 samples analyzed four samples (2.1% were contaminated with E. coli O157. All of the E. coli O157 were isolated from hamburger samples (3.3% and chicken nugget samples were negative. Of four E. coli O157 isolated, only one sample was serotype E. coli O157:H7 and others were serotype E. coli O157:NM. Among four E. coli O157:H7/NM isolates, one strain was positive for all stx1, stx2, eaeA and ehxA genes. One strain was positive for stx2 gene. The other two were negative for these genes. All isolates (100% were resistant to one or more antimicrobial agents. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that hamburger could be a significant source of E. coli O157:H7 and E. coli O157:NM serotypes in Iran and multi-resistance was found in 27% of E. coli O157 strains and this is a major public health concern.

  13. Measurements to check vapour recovery systems of public retail stations in Hamburg (Phase 1); Messaktion zur Ueberpruefung von Gasrueckfuehrungssystemen an oeffentlichen Tankstellen in der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg (Phase 1)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Altmann, B.R. [Deutsche Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft fuer Erdoel, Erdgas und Kohle e.V., Hamburg (Germany); Golgert, R. [Gesundheits- und Umweltamt, Hamburg (Germany). Bezirksamt Wandsbek; Okelmann, J. [Umweltbehoerde, Hamburg (Germany). Amt fuer Immissionsschutz und Betriebe; Schenck, H.G. [Gesundheits- und Umweltamt, Hamburg (Germany). Bezirksamt Eimsbuettel, Abt. fuer Umweltschutz


    DGMK jointly with the local authorities of health and environment, in close co-operation with the environmental authorities of the city of Hamburg, are thoroughly examining the vapour recovery systems at all public service stations in Hamburg. In phase I 50 sites were examined in August/September 1999 by several measuring methods called liquid-measurement, liquid-check, quick-check (UPA 50/Flo-Tester) and dry-measurement procedure. They delivered proportions and causes of bad performing and defective devices leading to appropriate maintenance. The dry-measurement procedure commonly used with regular checks by itself is not satisfactory to prove overall performance of the vapour recovery equipment. It should always be supplemented by a liquid-check procedure in order to ensure that the assigned vapour pumps work. As the dry-measurement procedure simulates a fuel flow it cannot detect such defects. Complete breakdowns of vapour recovery systems can be localised reliably with the quick check devices UPA 50/Flo-Tester. But due to high error tolerances, quick check devices are not suitable for quantitative measurement of vapour recovery rates on service stations. (orig.) [German] Die DGMK fuehrt unter Beteiligung der Umweltbehoerde Hamburg zusammen mit den Gesundheits- und Umweltaemtern der Bezirke und den Tankstellenbetreibern in einem Gemeinschaftsprojekt detaillierte Untersuchungen der Gasrueckfuehrungssysteme an allen Hamburger Tankstellen durch. Ziel der Untersuchung ist die Ueberpruefung und Verbesserung des technischen Zustandes der Gasrueckfuehrsysteme an allen Hamburger Tankstellen. Darueber hinaus sollen genaue Kenntnisse ueber die Verlaesslichkeit von gaengigen Messverfahren zur Ueberpruefung von Gasrueckfuehrsystemen erworben werden. In der Phase I wurden an 50 Tankstellen Messungen im August/September 1999 unter Anwendung des Nassmessverfahrens, des Trockenmessverfahrens, der Schnelltester (Flo-Tester und UPA 50) sowie der Nasskontrolle zur Ueberpruefung

  14. Evaluation of Environmentally Acceptable Lubricants (EALS) for Dams Managed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (United States)


    hydroelectric dams are a significant environmental risk, and they developed a model to assess risk for dams in Canada. Similarly, Verlind et al. (2004...biodegradable and contains no ozone -depleting chemicals, no SARA (Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act) Title 313 chemicals, no heavy metals...lubricant discharges and leakages. In 33rd Arctic and Marine Oilspill Program Technical Seminar 529-554. Hanna, L. J., and C. A. Pugh. 1998

  15. The remains of the dam: what have we learned from 15 years of US dam removals? (United States)

    Gordon E. Grant; Sarah L. Lewis


    Important goals for studying dam removal are to learn how rivers respond to large and rapid introductions of sediment, and to develop predictive models to guide future dam removals. Achieving these goals requires organizing case histories systematically so that underlying physical mechanisms determining rates and styles of sediment erosion, transport, and deposition...

  16. Simulating dam - breach flood scenarios of the Tangjiashan landslide dam induced by the Wenchuan earthquake

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fan, Xuanmei; Tang, C.; van Westen, C.J.; Alkema, D.


    Floods from failures of landslide dams can pose a hazard to people and property downstream, which have to be rapidly assessed and mitigated in order to reduce the potential risk. The Tangjiashan landslide dam induced by the Mw=7.9 2008 Wenchuan earthquake had impounded the largest lake in the

  17. 78 FR 53494 - Dam Safety Modifications at Cherokee, Fort Loudoun, Tellico, and Watts Bar Dams (United States)


    ... Cherokee, TVA would also install about 40 post-tensioned anchors into the concrete portion of the dam... of Dam Structures: Combination of Concrete Floodwalls and Earthen Embankments, will protect the four... Watts Bar). TVA also installed a permanent concrete apron on approximately 2 acres of the downstream...

  18. An XUV-split and delay line at the free electron laser in Hamburg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beeck, Torben; Meyer, Holger; Gieschen, Sven; Beye, Martin; Schlotter, William F.; Sorgenfrei, Florian; Foehlisch, Alexander; Wurth, Wilfried [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Universitaet Hamburg (Germany); Nagasono, Mitsuru [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Universitaet Hamburg (Germany); XFEL Project Head Office, RIKEN, Hyogo (Japan)


    At the Free Electron Laser in Hamburg (FLASH) we are integrating a soft X-ray beam split and delay line to the plane grating monochromator beamline (PG2). This system will enable pump-probe spectroscopy of ultrafast dynamics. Pulse to pulse timing jitter is circumvented by the controlled synchronisation of the delay line. The wavefront of the incoming beam is divided by illuminating the edge of a mirror. By controlling the optical path length for each beam, pulse delays as short as 10 fs or as long as 20 ps can be generated. The system employs four mirrors to split and mix the beam and four mirrors to control the delay. Each mirror is a silicon single crystal with a diamond like carbon coating. The four delay mirrors are arranged at grazing incidence forming a parallelogram. Together with the beam splitters this forms an adjustable path Mach-Zehnder interferometer. For stability the delay mirrors are fixed to a rigid support structure. Simply translating the structure imparts a delay between the pulses.

  19. [Transfer of Care Innovations from the Hamburg Network for Mental Health to other Health Regions]. (United States)

    Tokar, Oksana; Dörbecker, Regine; Böhmann, Tilo; Härter, Martin


    The goal of this paper is to present the research conducted for systemizing network elements and analyzing their interconnection that emerged during the establishment and functioning of health care innovation project of psychenet - the Hamburg Network for Mental Health.Semi-structured manual-based face-to-face interviews with project researchers and leaders were conducted. The gathered data was validated and updated several times during the project duration. The results include a systematic description of 186 network elements developed during the overall project and respective subprojects. The elements were consolidated in a web-based database and integrated into the public website. A clustering of elements was conducted and modules of elements were generated based on the interconnection between the related elements.The systematic description of network elements as well as determination of their interconnection and dependency can play an important role in understanding the emergence and functioning of integrated mental health networks. The innovative medical networks prove to be complex service systems and urge for a grounded application of integration techniques in order to be successfully transferred and adopted in other regions. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  20. [Home treatment--a treatment model of integrated care in Hamburg]. (United States)

    Schöttle, Daniel; Ruppelt, Friederike; Karow, Anne; Lambert, Martin


    Treatment models like "Crisis Resolution and Hometreatment (CRHT)" or "Assertive Community Treatment" (ACT), were found to be effective, enhancing the qualitative level of treatment for patients with severe mental disorders. In Germany, these are implemented only sporadically until today, often as part of a cross-sectoral Integrated Care (IC) treatment system. We will present the implementation of an "Assertive Community Treatment" embedded into an IC-treatment model in Hamburg and discuss the 3-year-outcomes. The IC-treatment model has been designed for severe mentally ill patients with psychotic disorders. Since May 2007 the model is financed by different health insurances as a managed-care "capitation-model" and its effectiveness gets continuously evaluated. The model proved to be effective in earlier studies were compared with standard care low rates of service disengagement were found as well as significantly improved psychopathology, psychosocial functioning, quality of life, satisfaction with care and adherence, while being cost effective. The rates of involuntary admissions declined to 10% in comparison to the years before. In 2011 the model was specified to the indication "first-episode adolescents and young adults in the age of 12-29" in a government-funded study "Integrated Care in Early Psychosis, ICEP Study". In this study an interdisciplinary team of child, adolescent and adult psychiatrists was implemented and since 2012 it is financed by the involved health insurances throughout an expansion of the §140 SGB V agreement. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  1. Flow model of the Hudson River estuary from Albany to New Hamburg, New York (United States)

    Stedfast, David A.


    A one-dimensional transient-flow-simulation model was developed to represent a 76-mile reach of the tidal Hudson River between Albany and New Hamburg, N.Y. The river 's direction of flow reverses four times daily as a result of tidal influence, and this process produces complex current patterns and retards the rate at which the river can flush out pollutants. In the model, the reach studied is treated as two subreaches to incorporate differences in channel conditions and to simplify model calibration. This report provides all stage (water-level) and discharge data that were used to calibrate and verify the model and compares the model results with measured data. The model accurately simulated observed flows, but further calibration based upon additional prototype flow measurements would improve simulation of the flow magnitude and phasing of the tide reversal under low-flow conditions. The model can be used to calculate instantaneous stage, velocity, and discharge for any location in the reach and can also be used to calculate net volume flux between tide reversals. (USGS)

  2. Performance Evaluation of the Approaches and Algorithms for Hamburg Airport Operations (United States)

    Zhu, Zhifan; Okuniek, Nikolai; Gerdes, Ingrid; Schier, Sebastian; Lee, Hanbong; Jung, Yoon


    The German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have been independently developing and testing their own concepts and tools for airport surface traffic management. Although these concepts and tools have been tested individually for European and US airports, they have never been compared or analyzed side-by-side. This paper presents the collaborative research devoted to the evaluation and analysis of two different surface management concepts. Hamburg Airport was used as a common test bed airport for the study. First, two independent simulations using the same traffic scenario were conducted: one by the DLR team using the Controller Assistance for Departure Optimization (CADEO) and the Taxi Routing for Aircraft: Creation and Controlling (TRACC) in a real-time simulation environment, and one by the NASA team based on the Spot and Runway Departure Advisor (SARDA) in a fast-time simulation environment. A set of common performance metrics was defined. The simulation results showed that both approaches produced operational benefits in efficiency, such as reducing taxi times, while maintaining runway throughput. Both approaches generated the gate pushback schedule to meet the runway schedule, such that the runway utilization was maximized. The conflict-free taxi guidance by TRACC helped avoid taxi conflicts and reduced taxiing stops, but the taxi benefit needed be assessed together with runway throughput to analyze the overall performance objective.

  3. Viticultural and chemical characteristics of Muscat Hamburg preselected clones grown for table grapes. (United States)

    Vujović, Dragan; Maletić, Radojka; Popović-Đorđević, Jelena; Pejin, Boris; Ristić, Renata


    Clonal selection is one of the tools used for grapevine improvement and therefore is very important for obtaining clones with better characteristics than the variety population. The aim of this study was to select superior grapevines of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Muscat Hamburg grown for fresh consumption. The viticultural parameters and fruit composition of 35 selected vines were determined during a 5-year period. The evaluated parameters showed high variability among selected vines. The significant effect of vintage was observed for all descriptors with the exception of the number of seeds per berry and sugar concentration. Additionally, all vines were examined for their tolerance to low temperatures and the results showed 73% and 90% of primary bud injury at -20 and -25 °C, respectively. In relation to berry classification, the percentage of first-class grapes ranged from 60% to 69% for all selected grapevines. Multivariate statistical analysis was performed to classify grapevines based on their performance. Fourteen grapevines were identified as the most promising among the 35 vines initially planted, based on high yield, bunch and berry weight, sugar content and percentage of first-grade grapes. Those grapevines were selected for the next phase of the clonal selection. This study highlighted the importance of clonal selection for improvement of the variety population. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

  4. Performance Evaluation of the Approaches and Algorithms Using Hamburg Airport Operations (United States)

    Zhu, Zhifan; Okuniek, Nikolai; Gerdes, Ingrid; Schier, Sebastian; Lee, Hanbong; Jung, Yoon


    The German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have been independently developing and testing their own concepts and tools for airport surface traffic management. Although these concepts and tools have been tested individually for European and US airports, they have never been compared or analyzed side-by-side. This paper presents the collaborative research devoted to the evaluation and analysis of two different surface management concepts. Hamburg Airport was used as a common test bed airport for the study. First, two independent simulations using the same traffic scenario were conducted; one by the DLR team using the Controller Assistance for Departure Optimization (CADEO) and the Taxi Routing for Aircraft: Creation and Controlling (TRACC) in a real-time simulation environment, and one by the NASA team based on the Spot and Runway Departure Advisor (SARDA) in a fast-time simulation environment. A set of common performance metrics was defined. The simulation results showed that both approaches produced operational benefits in efficiency, such as reducing taxi times, while maintaining runway throughput. Both approaches generated the gate pushback schedule to meet the runway schedule, such that the runway utilization was maximized. The conflict-free taxi guidance by TRACC helped avoid taxi conflicts and reduced taxiing stops, but the taxi benefit needed be assessed together with runway throughput to analyze the overall performance objective.

  5. Distribution of rodenticide resistance and zoonotic pathogens in Norway rats in Lower Saxony and Hamburg, Germany. (United States)

    Runge, Martin; von Keyserlingk, Michael; Braune, Silke; Becker, Detlef; Plenge-Bönig, Anita; Freise, Jona F; Pelz, Hans-Joachim; Esther, Alexandra


    Genetically based resistance to anticoagulants has led to increasing difficulties in the control of rodents over recent decades. The possible impact of rodenticide-resistant rats on the infection risk of humans and livestock by zoonotic pathogens is generally unknown. Hence, in a monitoring programme in the German federal states of Lower Saxony and Hamburg, more than 500 Norway rats were analysed for both Tyr139Cys polymorphisms within the VKORC1 gene and zoonotic agents. Evidence of resistance was almost completely restricted to the known resistance area in southern Lower Saxony. Homozygous mutations were only found in urban areas sampled owing to the occurrence of rat control problems and were missing in bycatches of rats by muskrat trappers in rural areas. In more than 25% of the rats, zoonotic bacteria (Leptospira, Salmonella, Yersinia and Coxiella) were detected. There was no obvious correlation between the occurrence of rats carrying zoonotic pathogens and anticoagulant resistance. Zoonotic agents and genetically based resistance conferred by the Tyr139Cys polymorphism are both unevenly distributed in Lower Saxony. The study provides the basis for further studies focusing on districts with high levels of pathogens and resistance to assess the potential health risk of their combined occurrence. Copyright © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry.

  6. Consuming a low-fat diet from weaning to adulthood reverses the programming of food preferences in male, but not in female, offspring of 'junk food'-fed rat dams. (United States)

    Ong, Z Y; Muhlhausler, B S


    This study aimed to determine whether the negative effects of maternal 'junk food' feeding on food preferences and gene expression in the mesolimbic reward system could be reversed by weaning the offspring onto a low-fat diet. Offspring of control (n = 11) and junk food-fed (JF, n = 12) dams were weaned onto a standard rodent chow until 6 weeks (juvenile) or 3 months (adult). They were then given free access to both chow and junk food for 3 weeks and food preferences determined. mRNA expression of key components of the mesolimbic reward system was determined by qRT-PCR at 6 weeks, 3 and 6 months of age. In the juvenile group, both male and female JF offspring consumed more energy and carbohydrate during the junk food exposure at 6 weeks of age and had a higher body fat mass at 3 months (P junk food; however, female JF offspring had a higher body fat mass at 6 months (P junk food exposure on food preferences and fat mass can be reversed by consuming a low-fat diet from weaning to adulthood in males. Females, however, retain a higher propensity for diet-induced obesity even after consuming a low-fat diet for an extended period after weaning. © 2013 Scandinavian Physiological Society. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. The Total Risk Analysis of Large Dams under Flood Hazards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Chen


    Full Text Available Dams and reservoirs are useful systems in water conservancy projects; however, they also pose a high-risk potential for large downstream areas. Flood, as the driving force of dam overtopping, is the main cause of dam failure. Dam floods and their risks are of interest to researchers and managers. In hydraulic engineering, there is a growing tendency to evaluate dam flood risk based on statistical and probabilistic methods that are unsuitable for the situations with rare historical data or low flood probability, so a more reasonable dam flood risk analysis method with fewer application restrictions is needed. Therefore, different from previous studies, this study develops a flood risk analysis method for large dams based on the concept of total risk factor (TRF used initially in dam seismic risk analysis. The proposed method is not affected by the adequacy of historical data or the low probability of flood and is capable of analyzing the dam structure influence, the flood vulnerability of the dam site, and downstream risk as well as estimating the TRF of each dam and assigning corresponding risk classes to each dam. Application to large dams in the Dadu River Basin, Southwestern China, demonstrates that the proposed method provides quick risk estimation and comparison, which can help local management officials perform more detailed dam safety evaluations for useful risk management information.

  8. Effect of DGAT1 gene mutation in sows of dam-line on the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Aug 5, 2015 ... of breeds used in breeding program as a dam-line: polish large white (PLW) and polish landrace (PL). Colostrum and milk of sows were collected at 1, 7, 14 and 21 days of lactation to assay solids, total protein, fat and lactose. Data on piglet rearing performance were collected at 1, 7, 14 and 21 days of.

  9. [Collaborative and stepped care for depression: Development of a model project within the Hamburg Network for Mental Health (]. (United States)

    Härter, Martin; Heddaeus, Daniela; Steinmann, Maya; Schreiber, Robert; Brettschneider, Christian; König, Hans-Helmut; Watzke, Birgit


    Depression is one of the most widespread mental disorders in Germany and causes a great suffering and involves high costs. Guidelines recommend stepped and interdisciplinary collaborative care models for the treatment of depression. Stepped and collaborative care models are described regarding their efficacy and cost-effectiveness. A current model project within the Hamburg Network for Mental Health exemplifies how guideline-based stepped diagnostics and treatment incorporating innovative low-intensity interventions are implemented by a large network of health care professionals and clinics. An accompanying evaluation using a cluster randomized controlled design assesses depressive symptom reduction and cost-effectiveness for patients treated within "Health Network Depression" ("Gesundheitsnetz Depression", a subproject of compared with patients treated in routine care. Over 90 partners from inpatient and outpatient treatment have been successfully involved in recruiting over 600 patients within the stepped care model. Communication in the network was greatly facilitated by the use of an innovative online tool for the supply and reservation of treatment capacities. The participating professionals profit from the improved infrastructure and the implementation of advanced training and quality circle work. New treatment models can greatly improve the treatment of depression owing to their explicit reference to guidelines, the establishment of algorithms for diagnostics and treatment, the integration of practices and clinics, in addition to the implementation of low-intensity treatment alternatives. These models could promote the development of a disease management program for depression.

  10. Rock, Pop, Jazz: Vom Amateur zum Profi : Referate und Diskussionen der Tagung des Arbeitskreises Studium Populärer Musik, veranstaltet vom 12. bis 15. November 1987 in Hamburg anläßlich der Musikmesse Musica


    Arbeitskreis Studium Populärer Musik


    Die Jahrestagung 1987 im Rahmen der Hamburger Musikmesse "Musica" stellte unseren relativ jungen Arbeitskreis auf den Prüfstand. Galt es doch nicht nur, sich auf dem Hamburger Messegelände mit einem ASPM-Messestand den professionellen Ausstellern gegenüber zu behaupten, sondern auch, neben den vielen parallel laufenden Tagungsangeboten zur "Musica" im Hamburger Congress Centrum ein eigenes ASPM-spezifisches Profil zu entwickeln. Mit einem abwechslungsreichen Programm, in des...

  11. Ice interactions at a dam face

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morse, B.; Morse, J.; Beaulieu, P.; Pratt, Y. [Laval Univ., Quebec City, PQ (Canada). Dept. of Civil Engineering; Stander, E. [State Univ. of New York, Cobleskill College, Cobleskill, NY (United States). Dept. of Natural Sciences; Cote, A.; Tarras, A.; Noel, P. [Hydro-Quebec, Varennes, PQ (Canada). IREQ


    This paper reported on a joint research project between Laval University and Hydro-Quebec to study ice forces on dams in an effort to harmonize design criteria and develop mitigation strategies. This paper introduced the project and explored some of the preliminary results of the 2007-2008 field season. Ice displacement, ice stresses and ice forces on the LaGabelle dam were measured at several locations. The paper identified and discussed the complex relationships between data sets and discussed the spatial-temporal variability of the ice forces and its impact on design criteria. The project objective was to develop design criteria for ice forces on dams and to provide a scientific basis for interpreting and harmonizing existing recommended criteria. The methodology and site description were presented. It was concluded that the ice processes in a reservoir near a dam face subject to water fluctuations are quite complex. Therefore, in order to know the real average pressure on the dam, a significant amount of panels are required, having important implications for determining safe design values. 9 refs., 10 figs.

  12. Monitoring of the Earth's surface deformation in the area of water dam Zarnowiec (United States)

    Mojzes, Marcel; Wozniak, Marek; Habel, Branislav; Macak, Marek


    Mathematical and physical research directly motivates geodetic community which can provide very accurate measurements for testing of the proposed models Earth's surface motion near the water dams should be monitored due to the security of the area. This is a process which includes testing of existing models and their physical parameters. Change of the models can improve the practical results for analyzing the trends of motion in the area of upper reservoir of water dam Zarnowiec. Since 1998 Warsaw University of Technology realized a research focused on the horizontal displacements of the upper reservoir of water dam Zarnowiec. The 15 selected control points located on the upper reservoir crown of the water dam were monitored by classical distance measurements. It was found out that changes in the object's geometry occur due to the variation of the water level. The control measurements of the changes in the object's geometry occurring during the process of emptying and filling of the upper reservoir of water dam were compared with the deformations computed using improved Boussinesqués method programmed in the software MATLAB and ANSYS for elastic and isotropic half space as derivation of suitable potentials extended to the loaded region. The details and numerical results of this process are presented This presentation was prepared within the project "National Centre for Diagnostic of the Earth's Surface Deformations in the Area of Slovakia", ITMS code: 26220220108.

  13. Effect of ionizing radiation on the oxidation of cholesterol in frozen chicken and beef hamburgers;Efeito da radiacao ionizante sobre a oxidacao do colesterol em hamburgueres de frango e bovino congelados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moura, Andrea Figueiredo Procopio de


    Several technologies have been developed to assure food quality. Among these technological processes, ionizing radiation has been described as a feasible alternative for food conservation, mainly for meat products, since it keeps their natural properties. In hamburgers, the use of irradiation has been studied due to the frequent implication of such products in outbreaks of food-borne diseases. Some of the outbreaks, which even killed consumers, were caused by E. coli O157:H7. But the use of ionizing radiation in hamburgers may form free radicals able to trigger lipid oxidation in the muscle tissue. As a component of the cell membrane lipids, cholesterol may also undergo oxidation and form biologically active compounds, with atherogenic, mutagenic, cytotoxic and cancerous properties. The aim of this work was to evaluate the occurrence of cholesterol oxidation products in chicken hamburgers and beef hamburgers submitted to irradiation and stored frozen, aerobically and under vacuum. The results showed that irradiation caused an increase of around 11% in the concentration of cholesterol oxides in frozen hamburgers. In chicken hamburgers, an increase in the levels of cholesterol oxides was observed ali over the storage period, while in beef hamburgers it was observed only in the final part of the storage period. Packaging itself did not have a significant effect on the concentrations of cholesterol oxides in either of the types of hamburgers studied. However, it showed a significant interaction with irradiation, that is, vacuum packaging prevented the formation of cholesterol oxides in irradiated beef hamburgers. (author)

  14. SWE-SPHysics Simulation of Dam Break Flows at South-Gate Gorges Reservoir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shenglong Gu


    Full Text Available This paper applied a Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH approach to solve Shallow Water Equations (SWEs to study practical dam-break flows. The computational program is based on the open source code SWE-SPHysics, where a Monotone Upstream-centered Scheme for Conservation Laws (MUSCL reconstruction method is used to improve the Riemann solution with Lax-Friedrichs flux. A virtual boundary particle method is applied to treat the solid boundary. The model is first tested on two benchmark collapses of water columns with the existence of downstream obstacle. Subsequently the model is applied to forecast a prototype dam-break flood, which might occur in South-Gate Gorges Reservoir area of Qinghai Province, China. It shows that the SWE-SPH modeling approach could provide a promising simulation tool for practical dam-break flows in engineering scale.

  15. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: North Fork Skokomish Powerhouse at Cushman No. 2 Dam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, Steve [DBA Tacoma Power, WA (United States); McCarty, Patrick [DBA Tacoma Power, WA (United States)


    The objective of this project was to add generating capacity on an in-stream flow release at Tacoma Power's Cushman hydroelectric project, Cushman No. 2 Dam, FERC Project P-460. The flow that is being used to generate additional electricity was being discharged from a valve at the base of the dam without recovery of the energy. A second objective to the project was to incorporate upstream fish passage by use of a fish collection structure attached to the draft tubes of the hydroelectric units. This will enable reintroduction of native anadromous fish above the dams which have blocked fish passage since the late 1920's. The project was funded in part by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act through the Department of Energy, Office of Energy, Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Wind and Water Power Program.

  16. Design of tailing dam using red mud (United States)

    Rout, Subrat; Sahoo, Tapaswini; Das, Sarat


    Red mud, waste industrial product from aluminum industries produced approximately 75 million tonnes every year with less than half of this is used. Storage of this unutilized red mud takes vast tracts of usable land and pollutes, land, air and water. Construction of high embankments, under passes, flyovers, tailing dams uses vast tract of natural resources (top soil) is also matter of concern as its takes thousands of years to form the natural soil. This paper discusses use of red mud for construction of tailing dam based on laboratory findings and finite element analysis. The geotechnical properties such as plasticity, compaction, permeability, shear strength characteristics and dispersion of red mud are presented. Stability and seepage analysis of tailing dams as per finite element analysis using the above geotechnical parameters is presented.

  17. A Mathematical Model for Forecasting the Dam-Break Flood Routing Process of a Landslide Dam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fugang Xu


    Full Text Available Once a landslide dam bursts, its reservoir discharges quickly in a flood which will cause catastrophic damage to life and property downstream. For a specific landslide dam, the peak flow rate and the evolution of downstream flood are influenced by the shape and size of the dike breach when dam-break occurs. According to the general nature of landslide dams and field observations of dike-breach development patterns, a dike-breach propagation mode has been determined. By combining an improved empirical equation with knowledge of the dike-breach propagation mode, a mathematical model for forecasting dam-break flood routing has been developed and is presented here. Sensitivity analysis was then carried out based on the computed results for peak flow rate and the flood evolution curve under different parameters. The computed results showed that the width coefficient and the depth coefficient had similar effects on the dam-break flood but that the impact of the depth coefficient was more significant than that of the width coefficient. Finally, the proposed model was used to calculate the flood evolution for the Tangjiashan landslide dam. The computed results showed that the error between the simulated result and the measured data was less than 5%.

  18. Seismic response of concrete gravity dam reinforced with FRP sheets on dam surface

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Zhong


    Full Text Available This paper aims at exploring the effects of anti-seismic reinforcement with the fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP material bonded to the dam surface in dam engineering. Time-history analysis was performed to simulate the seismic failure process of a gravity dam that was assumed to be reinforced at the locations of slope discontinuity at the downstream surface, part of the upstream face, and the dam heel. A damage model considering the influence of concrete heterogeneity was used to model the nonlinearity of concrete. A bond-slip model was applied to the interface between FRP and concrete, and the reinforcement mechanism was analyzed through the bond stress and the stress in FRP. The results of the crack pattern, displacement, and acceleration of the reinforced dam were compared with those of the original one. It is shown that FRP, as a reinforcement material, postpones the occurrence of cracks and slows the crack propagation, and that cracks emanating from the upstream surface and downstream surface are not connected, meaning that the reinforced dam can retain water-impounding function when subjected to the earthquake. Anti-seismic reinforcement with FRP is therefore beneficial to improving the seismic resistant capability of concrete dams.

  19. Study on dynamic anti-sliding stability of a high gravity dam considering complex dam foundation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deng-hong CHEN


    Full Text Available There existed some limitations when analyzing the anti-sliding seismic stability of dam-foundation system by traditional pseudo-static method and response spectrum method. The dynamic strength reduction method was used to study on the deep anti-sliding stability of a high gravity dam considering complex dam foundation under strong earthquake-induced ground action. The static analysis was firstly carried out by reducing the shear strength parameters of the dam foundation’s rock mass with equal proportion. Then, the time-history seismic analysis was carried out based on the static analysis. It was proposed as one of dynamic instability criterions that the peak values of the dynamic displacements and plastic strain energy change suddenly with increasing strength reduction coefficient. The elasto-plastic behavior of the dam foundation was idealized using Drucker–Prager yield criterion based on associated flow rule assumption. Through the static, dynamic strength reduction analysis and dynamic linear elastic analysis of the overflow dam monolith of a high gravity dam, the results’ reliability of elastic-plastic time history analysis was confirmed. The results also showed that the rock mass strength of the high gravity dam foundation has higher strength reserve coefficient. The instability criterions of dynamic strength reduction method proposed were feasible. Although the static anti-slide analysis methods and standards of gravity dam based on the numerical methods are being discussed at present, the dynamic calculation method and instability criterions proposed in this paper would provide some meaningful suggestions for the dynamic analysis of the similar projects.

  20. [Characteristics of children and adolescents with gender dysphoria referred to the Hamburg Gender Identity Clinic]. (United States)

    Becker, Inga; Gjergji-Lama, Voltisa; Romer, Georg; Möller, Birgit


    Given the increasing demand for counselling in gender dysphoria in childhood in Germany, there is a definite need for empirical data on characteristics and developmental trajectories of this clinical group. This study aimed to provide a first overview by assessing demographic characteristics and developmental trajectories of a group of gender variant boys and girls referred to the specialised Gender Identity Clinic in Hamburg. Data were extracted from medical charts, transcribed and analysed using qualitative content analysis methods. Categories were set up by inductive-deductive reasoning based on the patients' parents' and clinicians' information in the files. Between 2006 and 2010, 45 gender variant children and adolescents were seen by clinicians; 88.9% (n = 40) of these were diagnosed with gender identity disorder (ICD-10). Within this group, the referral rates for girls were higher than for boys (1:1.5). Gender dysphoric girls were on average older than the boys and a higher percentage of girls was referred to the clinic at the beginning of adolescence (> 12 years of age). At the same time, more girls reported an early onset age. More girls made statements about their (same-sex) sexual orientation during adolescence and wishes for gender confirming medical interventions. More girls than boys revealed self-mutilation in the past or present as well as suicidal thoughts and/or attempts. Results indicate that the presentation of clinically referred gender dysphoric girls differs from the characteristics boys present in Germany; especially with respect to the most salient age differences. Therefore, these two groups require different awareness and individual treatment approaches.

  1. Walter Baade, Dynamical Astronomer at Goettingen, Hamburg, Mount Wilson, and Palomar Observatories (United States)

    Osterbrock, D. E.


    Walter Baade, famous for his astrophysical discoveries, also made many contributions in dynamical astronomy. His thesis at Goettingen University on the spectroscopic orbit of β Lyrae was based on spectrograms his teacher, Johannes Hartmann, had taken at Potsdam years earlier. Immediately on receiving his Ph.D. in 1919, Baade joined the Hamburg Bergedorf Observatory staff, and soon was the sole observer with its 1-m reflector, the largest telescope in Europe. Under its director, Richard Schorr, Baade's main job at first was to obtain direct plates of asteroids and comets for positional measurements. As an incidental part of this observing he discovered many asteroids, eight of which were eventually named, including 966 Muschi (his wife's nickname), 944 Hidalgo, with large orbital semi-major axis, eccentricity, and inclination, and 1036 Ganymed, whose orbit extends inside that of Mars. Baade also discovered a new comet, 1922 II. During the close approach of Eros in 1930 Baade measured its period of light variation, its color, and its mean magnitude. After Pluto was discovered in 1930 he measured its position assiduously, following it as far from opposition as he could. In 1931 Baade moved to Mount Wilson, where he concentrated almost entirely on globular-cluster, supernova, and galaxy research. He saw many asteroid trails on his long exposures but did not report them except for one, 7448 (still not named), which showed a very long trail on a 3-hr exposure of the Crab nebula. At Palomar, using the 48-in Schmidt soon after it went into operation, he dicovered and reported 1566 Icarus, with a very small perihelion distance, and later his second comet, 1955 VI.

  2. Transmission of hepatitis A in hamburg, germany, 1998-1999--A prospective population based study. (United States)

    Diel, R; Schneider, S


    To study the pattern of transmission of HAV in a large urban community a prospective cohort study was conducted in Hamburg between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 1999. Four hundred and eleven patients were classified as hepatitis A cases comprising 144 foreign and 267 German persons. Univariate analyses were carried out to examine differences between socio-demographic, clinical and behavioural characteristics. To determine independent predictors for HAV infection a multiple logistic-regression model was used. The principal risk factor was travel to areas where hepatitis A is endemic, with 32.6% (n= 134/411) of all documented cases of hepatitis A. Foreign patients who had acquired the infection abroad, mostly children, accounted for the majority of these cases. Of all 411 cases, 42 (10.2%) were associated with parenteral drug, followed by day-care or school contact (8.3%; n = 34). Outbreaks contributed to 11.4% of cases (n = 47), but only 7.1% (n = 29) were household contacts. The low incidence rate among exposed persons in the households of those infected was similar in the groups of foreign and German nationals (17/384 = 4.4% and 12/231 = 5.2%, respectively), which may demonstrate a good hygienic level in general. Our findings suggest that preventive measures such as the improvement of hygienic conditions in a defined general population may contribute to a reduced incidence of hepatitis A. Nevertheless, because hygienic standards may change with time, this policy should be supplemented by targeted vaccination of groups at risk.

  3. Bright Metal-Poor Stars from the Hamburg/ESO Survey. II. A Chemodynamical Analysis (United States)

    Beers, Timothy C.; Placco, Vinicius M.; Carollo, Daniela; Rossi, Silvia; Lee, Young Sun; Frebel, Anna; Norris, John E.; Dietz, Sarah; Masseron, Thomas


    We obtain estimates of stellar atmospheric parameters for a previously published sample of 1777 relatively bright (9Hamburg/ESO Survey. The original Frebel et al. analysis of these stars was able to derive estimates of [Fe/H] and [C/Fe] only for a subset of the sample, due to limitations in the methodology then available. A new spectroscopic analysis pipeline has been used to obtain estimates of {T}{eff}, {log} g, [Fe/H], and [C/Fe] for almost the entire data set. This sample is very local—about 90% of the stars are located within 0.5 kpc of the Sun. We consider the chemodynamical properties of these stars in concert with a similarly local sample of stars from a recent analysis of the Bidelman and MacConnell “weak metal” candidates by Beers et al. We use this combined sample to identify possible members of the halo stream of stars suggested by Helmi et al. and Chiba & Beers, as well as stars that may be associated with stripped debris from the putative parent dwarf of the globular cluster Omega Centauri, suggested to exist by previous authors. We identify a clear increase in the cumulative frequency of carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars with declining metallicity, as well as an increase in the fraction of CEMP stars with distance from the Galactic plane, consistent with previous results. We also identify a relatively large number of CEMP stars with kinematics consistent with the metal-weak thick-disk population, with possible implications for its origin.

  4. Monitoring the Soil Water Availability of Young Urban Trees in Hamburg, Germany (United States)

    Titel, Selina; Gröngröft, Alexander; Eschenbach, Annette


    In large cities numerous trees have to be planted each year to replace died off or cut down trees or for greening of constructed roads and newly built quarters. The typical age of planted trees is between five and fifteen years. Often the planting takes place in special planting pits to stimulate the tree growth under the restricted urban conditions. Consequently, trees are surrounded by different soil substrates: the soil from the nursery in the root ball, the special planting pit substrate and the surrounding urban soil which is often anthropogenic influenced. Being relocated in the city, trees have to cope with the warmer urban climate, the soil sealing and compaction and the low water storage capacity of the substrate. All factors together increase the probability of dry phases for roadside trees. The aim of this study is to monitor the soil water availability at sites of planted roadside trees during the first years after planting. Therefore, a measuring design was developed, which works automatically and takes the complex below ground structure of the soil into account. This approach consists of 13 soil water tension sensors inside and outside of each planting pit up to one meter depth connected to a data logger. The monitoring devices will finally be installed at 20 roadside trees (amongst others Quercus cerris, Quercus robur, Acer platanoides 'Fairview') in Hamburg, Germany, to identify phases of drought stress. The young trees were mainly planted in spring 2016. Data of the first year of measurements show, that the water tension varied between the different soil substrates and the depth. In the first year of tree growth in the city, soil in the tree root ball became significantly drier than the surrounding soil material. In late summer 2016 the water tension in the topsoil had the potential to cause drought stress below some trees.

  5. Lac Courte Oreilles Hydro Dam Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weaver, Jason [Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, WI (United States); Meyers, Amy [Kiser Hydro, LLC, Norway, MI (United States)


    The main objective of this project was to investigate upgrading the existing hydro power generating system at the Winter Dam. The tribe would like to produce more energy and receive a fair market power purchase agreement so the dam is no longer a drain on our budget but a contributor to our economy. We contracted Kiser Hydro, LLC Engineering for this project and received an engineering report that includes options for producing more energy with cost effective upgrades to the existing turbines. Included in this project was a negotiation of energy price sales negotiations.

  6. Computational Aspects of Dam Risk Analysis: Findings and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Escuder-Bueno


    Full Text Available In recent years, risk analysis techniques have proved to be a useful tool to inform dam safety management. This paper summarizes the outcomes of three themes related to dam risk analysis discussed in the Benchmark Workshops organized by the International Commission on Large Dams Technical Committee on “Computational Aspects of Analysis and Design of Dams.” In the 2011 Benchmark Workshop, estimation of the probability of failure of a gravity dam for the sliding failure mode was discussed. Next, in 2013, the discussion focused on the computational challenges of the estimation of consequences in dam risk analysis. Finally, in 2015, the probability of sliding and overtopping in an embankment was analyzed. These Benchmark Workshops have allowed a complete review of numerical aspects for dam risk analysis, showing that risk analysis methods are a very useful tool to analyze the risk of dam systems, including downstream consequence assessments and the uncertainty of structural models.

  7. National Inventory of Dams Coastal California Extract 2010 (United States)

    California Department of Resources — The National Inventory of Dams (NID) is a congressionally authorized database, which documents dams in the U.S. and its territories. The NID was most recently...

  8. Dam-Break Flood Analysis Upper Hurricane Reservoir, Hartford, Vermont

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Acone, Scott


    .... Various dam break flood conditions were modeled and inundation maps developed. Based on this analysis the dam is rated a Class 2 or significant hazard category in terms of its potential to cause downstream damage...

  9. Inventory of Dams in the State of Iowa (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — Permitted dams in Iowa and associated attributes, as recorded by the Floodplain Section of the DNR. The dams regulated are those with the parameters listed below: a....

  10. Investigation on the Causes of Cracking in Earth Dams (Case study: Mahmood-Abad Earth Dam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Rahimi


    Full Text Available Introduction: Cracking of earth dams is a one of the main threat causes of stability of embankment dams. In this research by modeling of the behavior of an embankment dam and employing conditions of the earthquake, the reasons of cracking were inspected using by modeling of earth dam behavior. Based on the literature, one of the main causes of dam failures is sliding and cracking of the dam structure during earthquake. Localized liquefaction of foundation soils was one of the causes of the observed post-earthquake distress within these dams. Material and Methods: In order to study the causes and the results of crack on earth dams, Mahmoodabad earthen dam with a height of 19 m, is located in Zanjan province, northwest of Iran, which suffered a longitudinal crack on the crest and slight sliding of the upstream slope due to 2001 Avaj earthquake was studied. This dam has faced earthquake two times with an interval of two years. During the first earthquake with the magnitude about 6.6 in Richter scale small longitudinal cracks had created on the crest. The developed cracks had been repaired by injecting the cement and then has been hidden by passing the time. After the second earthquake with the magnitude about 6.5 in Richter scale the hidden cracks had been appeared again and the slight movement of the upper slopes of dam reported. Based on the site investigation and documented information about dam, including maps and parameter data, the behavior of the dam has modeled by using Plaxis as a finite element model. In order to check the accuracy of the design of dam, the stability analysis has been conducted using by Xslope as a limit equilibrium model. The foundation conditions and the Geotechnical properties of the layer beneath the dam has been inspected by open excavation. Results and Discussion: Underground investigation about Geotechnical properties of dam foundation has showed that there is a thin sandy layer confined in alluvium material of the

  11. Dams and transnational advocacy: Political opportunities in transnational collective action (United States)

    Fu, Teng

    Possible arguments to explain the gradual decline in big dam development and its site transferring from developed to developing countries include technical, economic, and political factors. This study focuses on the political argument---the rise of transnational anti-dam advocacy and its impact on state policy-making. Under what conditions does transnational anti-dam advocacy matter? Under what conditions does transnational advocacy change state dam policies (delay, scale down, or cancel)? It examines the role of transnational anti-dam actors in big dam building in a comparative context in Asia. Applying the social movement theory of political opportunity structure (POS) and using the qualitative case-study method, the study provides both within-case and cross-case analyses. Within-case analysis is utilized to explain the changing dynamics of big dam building in China (Three Gorges Dam and proposed Nu/Salween River dam projects), and to a lesser extent, Sardar Sarovar Project in India and Nam Theun 2 Dam in Laos. Different domestic and international POS (DPOS and IPOS) impact the strategies and outcomes of anti-dam advocacies in these countries. The degree of openness of the POS directly affects the capacity of transnational efforts in influencing state dam policies. The degree of openness or closure is measured by specific laws, institutions, discourse, or elite allies (or the absence of these) for the participation of non-state actors on big dam issues at a particular moment. This degree of openness is relative, varying over time, across countries and regions. This study finds that the impact of transnational anti-dam activism is most effective when both DPOS and IPOS are relatively open. Transnational anti-dam advocacy is least effective in influencing state dam policies when both DPOS and IPOS are relatively closed. Under a relatively open DPOS and closed IPOS, transnational anti-dam advocacy is more likely to successfully change state dam policies and even

  12. Diagnosis of embankment dam distresses using Bayesian networks. Part I. Global-level characteristics based on a dam distress database

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Zhang, L. M; Xu, Y; Jia, J. S; Zhao, C


    .... The main objective of this paper is to develop a robust probability-based tool using Bayesian networks for the diagnosis of embankment dam distresses at the global level based on past dam distress data...

  13. Major dams of the United States, Geographic NAD83, USGS (2006) [dams00x020_USGS_2006 (United States)

    Louisiana Geographic Information Center — This map layer portrays major dams of the United States, including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The map layer was created by extracting dams 50 feet or...

  14. How to manage the cumulative flood safety of catchment dams ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dam safety is a significant issue being taken seriously worldwide. However, in Australia, although much attention is being devoted to the medium- to large-scale dams, minimal attention is being paid to the serious potential problems associated with smaller dams, particularly the potential cumulative safety threats they pose ...

  15. INTRODUCTION All earth dams in their natural state experience ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    INTRODUCTION. All earth dams in their natural state experience some degree of seepage and spillage flow from the reservoir and through permeable soils. Seepage and spillage may also be associated with internal erosion in the dam, and internal erosion is one of the main reasons for dam failures (Sjodahl, 2006).


    Bycroft, G.N.; Mork, P.N.


    An analytical solution to the response of a long trapezoidal-section dam on a foundation consisting of an elastic half-space and subjected to simulated earthquake motion is developed. An optimum seismic design is achieved when the cross section of the dam is triangular. The effect of soil structure interaction is to lower the strain occurring in the dam.

  17. Earthquake induced liquefaction analysis of Tendaho earth-fill dam ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    fill dam, which is part of Tendaho Dam and Irrigation Project; the largest irrigation project in Ethiopia to date. The dam is located in the most seismic part of Ethiopia and was originally designed to be founded on potentially liquefiable alluvium ...

  18. Formulation and evaluation on human skin of a water-in-oil emulsion containing Muscat hamburg black grape seed extract. (United States)

    Sharif, A; Akhtar, N; Khan, M S; Menaa, A; Menaa, B; Khan, B A; Menaa, F


    Vitis vinifera 'muscat hamburg' (Vitaceae) is a blue-black grape variety commonly found in Pakistan. It has been consumed and used in traditional medicine for centuries. Compared to other grapes, M. hamburg records one of the greatest amount of polyphenols and displays potent antioxidant activities, which make it a great candidate for its exploitation in the development of stable cream emulsions destined to improve the skin appearance. Evaluate the effects of stable water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion containing 2% M. hamburg grape seed extract ('formulation') on human cheek skin in comparison with the placebo ('base'). An occlusive patch test, containing either the formulation or the base, was topically tested for 8 weeks during a winter period in young adult and healthy Pakistani male volunteers. The subjects were instructed to use twice a day the base and the formulation on their right and left cheek skin, respectively. Non-invasive measurements on these skin areas were carried out every week to assess any effects produced on melanin, elasticity and sebum. Skin compatibility assay (Burchard test) was used to report any potential skin reactivity. ANOVA, paired sample t-test and LSD test were applied to determine the statistical data significance. Significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) were found between the placebo and the formulation in terms of their respective skin effects elicited on melanin, elasticity and sebum content. Nevertheless, placebo and formulation exerted similar effects on skin erythema and moisture contents. Importantly, no skin hypersensitivity cases were reported during the whole course of the study. The developed grape-based cream could be efficiently and safely applied to improve a number of skin conditions (e.g. hyper-pigmentation, premature ageing, acne). © 2014 Society of Cosmetic Scientists and the Société Française de Cosmétologie.

  19. Field Experimental Analysis of Prototype Twin Dam Failure Phenomenon (United States)

    Tseng, Fu-Min; Chen, Su-Chin; An, Hsiuan-Pei


    We constructed a full scale two-dam system in Landao Creek, Huisun forest, Taiwan. From its own alluvium to investigate the dam break morphology and physical properties between two dams with three intervals in 16.2m (case 1), 32.4m (case 2) and 64.8m (case 3). We adjusted the interval by fixed upstream dam and changed downstream dam site to observed and analyzed dam failure processes and hydraulic properties of the dam system. Grain size distribution investigation and 3D Lidar model of the stream bed were executed before and after dams break to discuss the river morphology evolution. In addition, to explore the type of breach varying with time, we used the method of 3D Remodeling from Motion Structure with Multi-View Stereo, which is a 3D spatial modeling process by photoing an object at same time in more than four different angles with over 70% overlap to each other, to construct the 3D model of dams system in this study. Furthermore, the dam break process were analyzed by cameras images and data recorded from water level gauges. The result showed that the shortest intervals in Case 1 result in a stronger torrent impact at upstream side of downstream dam, more significant reduction in dam intensity and wider breach which was 22% more than that in Case 2. On the contrary, the failure duration between two dams in Case 3 was 4.0 and 2.7 times longer than that in Case 1 and Case 2, respectively. Consequently, the decrement of dam interval led to a greater damage and rapid increment of water level which was prompted by outburst flow from the upstream dam failure at downstream dam, and shorter failure duration in two-dam system. In addition, the transport distance of sediment which yielded from upstream dam breach depend on whether downstream was obstructed or not. The 90% sediment of upstream dam breach were deposited on the upstream side of downstream dam with a comparison of entire loss in case of downstream dam.

  20. Investigation of geophysical methods for assessing seepage and internal erosion in embankment dams : a study of through-dam seismic testing at WAC Bennett Dam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaffran, P.; Jeffries, M. [BC Hydro, Burnaby, BC (Canada)


    Crosshole tomography is used to establish the distribution of seismic velocity between drill holes. The through-dam mode takes advantage of the triangular cross-section of earth embankments, obviating the need for drill holes. Seismic energy, generated on one face of the dam, passes underneath the crest and is detected by sensors arrayed on the opposite face. The sinkholes discovered at WAC Bennett Dam in 1996 provided an opportunity to test the procedure. Using p-wave energy, two series of measurements were conducted, notably one immediately before remediation of one sinkhole, and a second one shortly after the sinkhole was repaired. The known defect was successfully imaged by the first round of measurements. This report presented the results of an investigation of the through-dam seismic method using propagation of seismic waves through a dam from upstream to downstream, or vice-versa. The purpose of the study was to determine if this procedure could characterize the distribution of seismic velocity within a dam in an accurate and cost effective manner. The report presented the methods of velocity testing such as crosshole and downhole, and tomography; and through-dam measurements. Background to the Bennett Dam studies was also provided, with particular reference to the Bennett Dam sinkholes; sinkhole investigations; working hypothesis for sinkhole development; sinkhole number one characterization; and sinkhole remediation. An analysis of compression wave testing at Bennett Dam and shear wave testing was then offered. Other topics that were discussed included field test procedures; methodologies for data processing; p-waves versus s-waves; applicability of the research; and costs of through-dam surveys. It was concluded that under the right circumstances, through-dam seismic testing was capable of detecting changed conditions in an embankment dam. 15 refs., 2 tabs., 41 figs., 1 appendix.

  1. DAM-LAKEFRONT PLAZA: Revitalization of an Agriculture Reservoir Dam in Kashar-Tirana/Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valbona Koçi


    Full Text Available The Dam-Lakefront Plaza in Kashar-Tirana/Albania is a research project that proposes not only the re-consideration and reinforcement of the artificial Reservoirs Dams built during Socialism in Albania, but envisions the maintenance of dams and revitalization of the lakeside area promoting the public-private collaboration. In addition, it envisions the generation of qualitative and lively public spaces in sub-urban areas as well. Admitting the artificial lakes as specific nodes of man-made infrastructure in the landscape, and consequently the dams (together with the drainage channels as important hydrotechnic elements of the flood protection infrastructure, this research intends to elaborate on one type of landscape infrastructure - the vertical screens, offering a mediation between the natural and built landscape.

  2. Dams life. Dams in operation; La vie des barrages. Barrages en exploitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This paper summarizes the conclusions of the annual inspections of French dams in operation (fissures, water oozing, concrete swelling etc..). Only the observations which require a special attention are reported. (J.S.)

  3. Facilitating fish passage at ultra low head dams: An alternative to dam removal (United States)

    Odeh, M.


    Ecosystem sustainability and returning the biological integrity to rivers continue to change the landscape of fish passage technology. Installing a conventional fishways has a limited degree of success in accommodating fish passage needs. Recently, the option of total dam removal has been gaining momentum among resource managers, conservationists, and even engineers. Certain dams, however, cannot be removed, and conventional fishways are either too expensive to build or the real estate is simply not available; yet freedom of passage must be attained. At the Little Falls Dam on the Potomac River a notch in the crest of the dam was installed to accommodate passage of fish. The notch has three labyrinth weirs used for energy dissipation. Water velocities are maintained at less than about 4 m/s anywhere within the passage structure during migratory season of the target species (American shad). Construction of this novel design was recently completed (March 2000) and future biological evaluations are ongoing. Copyright ASCE 2004.

  4. An updated list of type material of Ephemeroptera Hyatt & Arms, 1890, deposited at the Zoological Museum of Hamburg (ZMH). (United States)

    Sartori, Michel; Kubiak, Martin; Rajaei, Hossein


    The type specimens of Ephemeroptera (Insecta) housed at the Zoological Museum of Hamburg (ZMH) are compiled in this document. The current nomenclature of all species is given. In total, Ephemeroptera type material of ZMH encompasses 161 species. Fifty-one holotypes and five lectotypes are present. Forty-one species are represented by syntypes, 85 by paratypes and five by paralectotypes. Material of two species (Cinygma asiaticum Ulmer, 1924 and Pseudocloeon klapaleki Müller-Liebenau, 1982) is missing. The present catalogue is an updated version of Weidner (1964a).

  5. Application of strength reduction method to dynamic anti-sliding stability analysis of high gravity dam with complex dam foundation


    Deng-hong Chen; Cheng-bin Du


    Considering that there are some limitations in analyzing the anti-sliding seismic stability of dam-foundation systems with the traditional pseudo-static method and response spectrum method, the dynamic strength reduction method was used to study the deep anti-sliding stability of a high gravity dam with a complex dam foundation in response to strong earthquake-induced ground action. Based on static anti-sliding stability analysis of the dam foundation undertaken by decreasing the shear streng...

  6. Modelling approach for gravity dam break analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boussekine Mourad


    Full Text Available The construction of dams in rivers can provide considerable benefits such as the supply of drinking and irrigation water; however the consequences which would result in the event of their failure could be catastrophic. They vary dramatically depending on the extent of the inundation area, the size of the population at risk.

  7. 75 FR 49429 - Metal and Nonmetal Dams (United States)


    ... monitored at frequent intervals by a person trained to recognize unusual conditions; be inspected by a... identify unusual conditions and signs of instability. Personnel with more specialized knowledge of dam... be qualified for their level of responsibility and trained in inspection procedures. 11. What...

  8. Resilience scales of a dammed tropical river (United States)

    Calamita, Elisa; Schmid, Martin; Wehrli, Bernhard


    Artificial river impoundments disrupt the seasonality and dynamics of thermal, chemical, morphological and ecological regimes in river systems. These alterations affect the aquatic ecosystems in space and time and specifically modify the seasonality and the longitudinal gradients of important biogeochemical processes. Resilience of river systems to anthropogenic stressors enables their recovery along the flow path; however little is known about the longitudinal distance that rivers need to partially restore their physical, chemical and biological integrity. In this study, the concept of a "resilience scale" will be explored for different water quality parameters downstream of Kariba dam, the largest artificial lake in the Zambezi basin (South-East Africa). The goal of this project is to develop a modelling framework to investigate and quantify the impact of large dams on downstream water quality in tropical context. In particular, we aim to assess the degree of reversibility of the main downstream alterations (temperature, oxygen, nutrients) and consequently the quantification of their longitudinal extent. Coupling in-situ measurements with hydraulic and hydrological parameters such as travel times, will allow us to define a physically-based parametrization of the different resilience scales for tropical rivers. The results will be used for improving future dam management at the local scale and assessing the ecological impact of planned dams at the catchment scale.

  9. living in Kapulukaya Dam Lake (Kirikkale, Turkey)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Aug 23, 2010 ... This study involves the investigation of the breeding properties of Esox lucius (L., 1758) living in. Kapulukaya Dam Lake in Turkey. It was observed that the fish reaches sexual maturity at the age of 3, and the breeding period starts in February and ends in March. The highest and lowest gonadosomatic.

  10. Dam that social networking: connecting South Africa's major dams to social media

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Butgereit, L


    Full Text Available appealing to the general public, the Internet was trawled for additional information. This additional information was appended to the water level status updates. Sites such as YouTube, Google Scholar, Google Books, and Google News were automatically... searched on a regular basis for various keywords such as ?Vaal Dam Sluice Gates? and ?Bloemhof Dam fishing?. The information which was retrieved on those automatic searches was randomly appended to the water level information. 8. Evaluation...

  11. Experimental Research on the Dam-Break Mechanisms of the Jiadanwan Landslide Dam Triggered by the Wenchuan Earthquake in China (United States)

    Xu, Fu-gang; Yang, Xing-guo; Hao, Ming-hui


    Dam breaks of landslide dams are always accompanied by large numbers of casualties, a large loss of property, and negative influences on the downstream ecology and environment. This study uses the Jiadanwan landslide dam, created by the Wenchuan earthquake, as a case study example. Several laboratory experiments are carried out to analyse the dam-break mechanism of the landslide dam. The different factors that impact the dam-break process include upstream flow, the boulder effect, dam size, and channel discharge. The development of the discharge channel and the failure of the landslide dam are monitored by digital video and still cameras. Experimental results show that the upstream inflow and the dam size are the main factors that impact the dam-break process. An excavated discharge channel, especially a trapezoidal discharge channel, has a positive effect on reducing peak flow. The depth of the discharge channel also has a significant impact on the dam-break process. The experimental results are significant for landslide dam management and flood disaster prevention and mitigation. PMID:23844387

  12. [The Hamburg-model of integrated care for patients with psychosis: Part 1. Rationale, treatment concept and results of the pre-study]. (United States)

    Lambert, Martin; Bock, Thomas; Daubmann, Anne; Meigel-Schleiff, Christina; Lange, Benjamin; Lange, Matthias; Ohm, Gunda; Bussopulos, Alexandra; Frieling, Marietta; Golks, Dietmar; Kerstan, Andrea; König, Hans-Helmut; Nika, Lia; Ruppelt, Friederike; Schödlbauer, Michael; Schöttle, Daniel; Sauerbier, Anne-Lena; Rietschel, Liz; Wegscheider, Karl; Wiedemann, Klaus; Schimmelmann, Benno G; Naber, Dieter; Karow, Anne


    The "Hamburg model" designates an integrated care model for severely ill patients with psychotic disorders financed by the health insurance system in accordance with § 140 SGB V. It comprises comprehensive and long-term treatment within a regional network of the psychosis center of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE) and private psychiatrists. The treatment model consists of therapeutic assertive community treatment (ACT) provided by a highly specialized treatment team and need-adapted in- and outpatient care. The present article summarizes the disease- and treatment-specific rationales for the model development as well as the model structure and treatment contents. The article further summarizes the effectiveness and efficiency results of a study comparing the Hamburg model and treatment as usual (without ACT) within a 12-month follow-up study (ACCESS trial). © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  13. An electro-optical timing diagnostic for pump-probe experiments at the free-electron laser in Hamburg FLASH

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azima, Armin


    Femtosecond pump-probe experiments have extensively been used to follow atomic and molecular motion in time. The very intense extreme ultraviolet XUV light of the Free electron LASer in Hamburg FLASH facility allows to investigate fundamental processes such as direct one or few photon inner shell ionizations. A supplementary Ti:Sapphire near infrared femtosecond laser system allows to perform two-color pump-probe experiments with FLASH involving intense laser fields of hugely different photon energies. Within this work a bunch arrival measurement system has been built, which assists these two-color pump-probe experiments to reduce the temporal jitter of FLASH and to increase the temporal resolution. The diagnostic is based upon an electro-optical detection scheme and measures the relative arrival time between the Ti:Sapphire femtosecond pulse and the electron bunch, which generates the self-amplified by stimulated emission SASE XUV pulse in the undulator section of FLASH. Key feature of the diagnostic is a 150 m long glass fiber pulse transport line, which inflicts non-linear dispersion. A dispersion control system to compensate for this higher order dispersion has been developed including the control and programming of a spatial light phase modulator. It was possible to transport a 90 fs FWHM short near infrared femtosecond laser pulse Fourier limited by the dispersion compensated glass fiber. The electro-optical signal induced by the FLASH electron bunch was generated, characterized and optimized. The signal features beside the designated bunch arrival timing capability the additional possibility to measure the longitudinal electron bunch density distribution of an arbitrary bunch of FLASH in a single shot with a temporal resolution of below 100 fs RMS. Timing and bunch analysis capabilities of the developed diagnostic have been cross-checked with other comparable diagnostics at FLASH like the transversal deflecting cavity structure named LOLA. Finally, the

  14. Proceeding of the public safety around dams conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    The Canadian Dam Association hosted the Public Safety Around Dams workshop in which presentations were given in the morning to describe the different measures and methods implemented by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Ontario Power Generation and others to improve safety around dams. In the afternoon, the participants toured the Auburn and Lakefield dams and facilities to view the infrastructures and equipment. A roundtable discussion concluded the day. Following this workshop, a Public Safety Around Dams group was created on the social network site, LinkedIn. This conference featured 6 presentations, 3 of which have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database.

  15. [Comparability of studies of epidemiological research on aging : Results from the Longitudinal Urban Cohort Ageing Study (LUCAS) and three representative Hamburg cross-sectional studies of healthy aging]. (United States)

    Dapp, Ulrike; Dirksen-Fischer, Martin; Rieger-Ndakorerwa, Gudrun; Fertmann, Regina; Stender, Klaus-Peter; Golgert, Stefan; von Renteln-Kruse, Wolfgang; Minder, Christoph E


    Participants of the Longitudinal Urban Cohort Ageing Study (LUCAS) were recruited from patients 60 years and older from general practitioner's offices in Hamburg. This is different from the usual methods of drawing representative samples. The research question addressed the comparability of LUCAS results with those from cross-sectional surveys with participants randomly chosen from a population list. Therefore, the LUCAS data collected in four waves during the first 12 years were compared with data (age, gender) from the Hamburg Statistics Office (HSO), and selected characteristics (socio-demography, health, mobility) from three representative cross-sectional surveys in older Hamburg citizens. First, HSO data compiled in population pyramids for older men and women were compared with equivalent pyramids based on the LUCAS data at recruitment (2000/01) and in waves 2 to 4. Second, characteristics worded identically in the cross-sectional surveys and the simultaneous LUCAS waves were compared. The LUCAS population pyramids were in good accordance at all time points with those of the general older population in Hamburg (except ages 60-64 in men in 2000). Good comparability was also found for health related characteristics from the three representative studies and simultaneous LUCAS waves (e. g. need of nursing care in 2012: LUCAS 7.1 %; Hamburg 7.4 %). Information on health in old age generated periodically in the LUCAS cohort was largely comparable with that from representative cross-sectional studies and statistics registries. Older people are frequently under-represented in epidemiological studies. Therefore, the LUCAS data may provide useful information for Hamburg and similar metropolitan areas in Germany.

  16. Unidentified atmospheric absorption structure observed by DOAS near Hamburg harbour, Germany (United States)

    Schmitt, Stefan; Weigelt, Andreas; Mathieu-Üffing, Barbara; Seyler, André; Wittrock, Folkard; Lampel, Johannes; Pöhler, Denis; Platt, Ulrich


    Within a six week campaign in July and August 2016, Long Path (LP)-DOAS measurements were performed near the harbour of Hamburg to monitor ship emissions of NO2 and SO2. LP-DOAS instruments retrieve information about the composition of ambient air using active spectroscopy. Therefore, an absorption light path was set up between the northern and the southern riverside of the river Elbe with a total length of ca. 5.7 km. The light of a laser driven Xenon arc lamp was sent to a retro reflector mounted on a light house on the opposite riverside. By comparing the spectrum of the Xenon lamp before and after being sent through the atmosphere, spectral absorption structures of several molecules can be identified and their mixing ratios can be quantified. Besides the well-known trace gas species such as NO2, SO2, O3 and HCHO, a so far unidentified, strong absorption structure could be observed regularly throughout the measurement period. The structure is similar to other known absorption structures in the UV-vis range and can be most likely associated with a molecular absorption cross section. The absorber features a progression of absorption bands in the range of 280 nm to 330 nm with an average band distance of 3 nm to 4 nm. These bands were observed with optical densities of up to 2 per cent along the absorption path. The absorber predominantly occurs during daylight indicating that photolytic processes are most likely to play an important role. Further, direct emission from ships could be excluded by the comparison with NO2 peaks, which serve as a proxy for ship plumes. The respective LP-DOAS instrument was deployed at multiple other measurement sites at the past including rural, urban and remote areas. However, the discussed absorption structure has never been detected before and instrumental errors can be excluded. Currently, MAX-DOAS measurements performed at the same site are evaluated. We will present the spectral features of the putative absorber as well as an

  17. Protracted outbreak of S. Enteritidis PT 21c in a large Hamburg nursing home (United States)

    Frank, Christina; Buchholz, Udo; Maaß, Monika; Schröder, Arthur; Bracht, Karl-Hans; Domke, Paul-Gerhard; Rabsch, Wolfgang; Fell, Gerhard


    Background During August 2006, a protracted outbreak of Salmonella (S.) Enteritidis infections in a large Hamburg nursing home was investigated. Methods A site visit of the home was conducted and food suppliers' premises tested for Salmonella. Among nursing home residents a cohort study was carried out focusing on foods consumed in the three days before the first part of the outbreak. Instead of relying on residents' memory, data from the home's patient food ordering system was used as exposure data. S. Enteritidis isolates from patients and suspected food vehicles were phage typed and compared. Results Within a population of 822 nursing home residents, 94 case patients among residents (1 fatality) and 17 among staff members were counted 6 through 29 August. The outbreak peaked 7 through 9 August, two days after a spell of very warm summer weather. S. Enteritidis was consistently recovered from patients' stools throughout the outbreak. Among the food items served during 5 through 7 August, the cohort study pointed to afternoon cake on all three days as potential risk factors for disease. Investigation of the bakery supplying the cake yielded S. Enteritidis from cakes sampled 31 August. Comparison of the isolates by phage typing demonstrated both isolates from patients and the cake to be the exceedingly rare phage type 21c. Conclusion Cake (various types served on various days) contaminated with S. Enteritidis were the likely vehicle of the outbreak in the nursing home. While the cakes were probably contaminated with low pathogen dose throughout the outbreak period, high ambient summer temperatures and failure to keep the cake refrigerated led to high pathogen dose in cake on some days and in some of the housing units. This would explain the initial peak of cases, but also the drawn out nature of the outbreak with cases until the end of August. Suggestions are made to nursing homes, aiding in outbreak prevention. Early outbreak detection is crucial, such that

  18. Urban air temperature anomalies and their relation to soil moisture observed in the city of Hamburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Wiesner


    Full Text Available The spatial variability of the urban air temperature for the city of Hamburg is analyzed based upon a one-year dataset of meteorological and pedological measurements. As local air temperature anomalies are subject to land-use and surface cover, they are monitored by a network of measurement stations within three different urban structures. Mean annual temperature deviations are found to be +1.0K$+1.0\\,\\text{K}$ for inner city sites and +0.25K$+0.25\\,\\text{K}$ to -0.2K$-0.2\\,\\text{K}$ for suburban sites compared to a rural reference. The nocturnal urban heat island (UHI is identified and averages +1.7K$+1.7\\,\\text{K}$ at the inner city stations, +0.7K$+0.7\\,\\text{K}$ at a suburban district housing area and +0.3K$+0.3\\,\\text{K}$ at a nearby green space. The observed UHI effect is most prominent when the wind speed is low (≤2ms-1$\\leq2\\,\\text{ms}^{-1}$ and the sky is only partly cloudy (≤6∕8th$\\leq6/8^{\\text{th}}$. In spring 2011 an average inner city UHI of up to +5.2K$+5.2\\,\\text{K}$ is observed during situations matching these conditions, while the extraordinary dry fall of 2011 lead to remarkably high air temperature differences at all observed stations. As expected, no evidence for a significant impact of topsoil moisture on nighttime UHI effect is found. The analysis of air temperature anomalies during daytime results in an annual mean deviation of -0.5K$-0.5\\,\\text{K}$ above unsealed, vegetated surfaces from a sealed site during days with a turbulent mixing induced by wind speed >2ms-1$>2\\,\\text{ms}^{-1}$. Here, there is an indication for a relation between the water content of upper soil layers and the warming of air: 11 to 17 % of the variance of the diurnal air temperature span is found to be explained by the soil water content for selected relevant days.

  19. Seismic failure modes and seismic safety of Hardfill dam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kun XIONG


    Full Text Available Based on microscopic damage theory and the finite element method, and using the Weibull distribution to characterize the random distribution of the mechanical properties of materials, the seismic response of a typical Hardfill dam was analyzed through numerical simulation during the earthquakes with intensities of 8 degrees and even greater. The seismic failure modes and failure mechanism of the dam were explored as well. Numerical results show that the Hardfill dam remains at a low stress level and undamaged or slightly damaged during an earthquake with an intensity of 8 degrees. During overload earthquakes, tensile cracks occur at the dam surfaces and extend to inside the dam body, and the upstream dam body experiences more serious damage than the downstream dam body. Therefore, under the seismic conditions, the failure pattern of the Hardfill dam is the tensile fracture of the upstream regions and the dam toe. Compared with traditional gravity dams, Hardfill dams have better seismic performance and greater seismic safety.

  20. [Transfer and Implementation of Innovative Awareness and Education Measures, e-Mental Health and Care Models in psychenet - Hamburg Network for Mental Health]. (United States)

    Lambert, Martin; Härter, Martin; Brandes, Andreas; Hillebrandt, Bernd; Schlüter, Catarina; Quante, Susanne


    The Hamburg Network for Mental Health belongs to the healthcare regions in Germany, funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research from 2011 to 2015. More than 330 partners from research, health care, health industry and government are promoting innovative health care models and products to improve mental health care in Hamburg. The main objectives comprise the sustained implementation of the Network itself and of successful health care models and products. The article describes current and future implementation possibilities and the present state of the implementation process. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  1. Organising and learning experiences of the first semester MA Program ePedagogy / Visual Knowledge Building

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jaap Jansen


    This paper will discuss the process of the MA program ePedagogy / Visual Knowledge Building during the first semester of the academic year 2005 – 2006. This MA program is a joint venture between the Universities of Helsinki, Hamburg and INHOLLAND. This publication will discuss and evaluate the


    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hadjerioua, Boualem [ORNL; Pasha, MD Fayzul K [ORNL; Stewart, Kevin M [ORNL; Bender, Merlynn [Bureau of Reclamation; Schneider, Michael L. [U.S. Army Corps of Engineers


    Total dissolved gas (TDG) supersaturation in waters released at hydropower dams can cause gas bubble trauma in fisheries resulting in physical injuries and eyeball protrusion that can lead to mortality. Elevated TDG pressures in hydropower releases are generally caused by the entrainment of air in spillway releases and the subsequent exchange of atmospheric gasses into solution during passage through the stilling basin. The network of dams throughout the Columbia River Basin (CRB) are managed for irrigation, hydropower production, flood control, navigation, and fish passage that frequently result in both voluntary and involuntary spillway releases. These dam operations are constrained by state and federal water quality standards for TDG saturation which balance the benefits of spillway operations designed for Endangered Species Act (ESA)-listed fisheries versus the degradation to water quality as defined by TDG saturation. In the 1970s, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), under the federal Clean Water Act (Section 303(d)), established a criterion not to exceed the TDG saturation level of 110% in order to protect freshwater and marine aquatic life. The states of Washington and Oregon have adopted special water quality standards for TDG saturation in the tailrace and forebays of hydropower facilities on the Columbia and Snake Rivers where spillway operations support fish passage objectives. The physical processes that affect TDG exchange at hydropower facilities have been studied throughout the CRB in site-specific studies and routine water quality monitoring programs. These data have been used to quantify the relationship between project operations, structural properties, and TDG exchange. These data have also been used to develop predictive models of TDG exchange to support real-time TDG management decisions. These empirically based predictive models have been developed for specific projects and account for both the fate of spillway and

  3. The role of forensic medicine and forensic dentistry in estimating the chronological age of living individuals in Hamburg, Germany. (United States)

    Mansour, Hussam; Fuhrmann, Andreas; Paradowski, Ioana; van Well, Eilin Jopp; Püschel, Klaus


    Age estimation represents one of the primary responsibilities of forensic medicine and forensic dentistry. It is an integral procedure aiming to estimate the chronological age of an individual, whose age is either unknown or doubtful, by means of assessing the stage of dental, skeletal, and physical development. The present publication reviews the methods and procedures used in estimating the age of young living individuals as well as the experiences of the Institute of Legal Medicine in Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany, during the last 25 years. From 1990 to 2015, 4223 age estimations were carried out in Hamburg. During this time, forensic age estimation was requested by different concerned authorities including courts, the foreigners' registration office (Zentrale Ausländerbehörde), and the state office of education and consultation (Landesbetrieb Erziehung und Beratung). In the context of judicial proceedings, orthopantomograms, as well as X-ray examinations of both the left hand and the medial clavicular epiphyses were carried out in accordance with AGFAD recommendations. For investigations not associated with judicial proceedings, orthopantomogram examinations play a key role in the process of age estimation, due to their high diagnostic value and low radiation exposure. Since 2009, mainly unaccompanied young refugees were examined for age estimation. Orthopantomograms and clinical-physical examinations have been used as essential steps in this context to determine whether an individual is 18 years or less. Additional X-ray examinations of the left hand and the medial clavicular epiphyses have been used less frequently.

  4. Effect of the addition of chia's by-product on the composition of fatty acids in hamburgers through chemometric methods. (United States)

    Souza, Aloisio H P; Gohara, Aline K; Rotta, Eliza M; Chaves, Marcia A; Silva, Claudia M; Dias, Lucia F; Gomes, Sandra T M; Souza, Nilson E; Matsushita, Makoto


    Hamburger is a meat-based food that is easy to prepare and is widely consumed. It can be enriched using different ingredients, such as chia's by-product, which is rich in omega-3. Chemometrics is a very interesting tool to assess the influence of ingredients in the composition of foods. A complete factorial design 2(2) (two factors in two levels) with duplicate was performed to investigate the influence of the factors (1) concentration of textured soy proteins (TSP) and (2) concentration of chia flour partially defatted (CFPD) as a partial replacement for the bovine meat and porcine fat mix in hamburgers. The results of proximal composition, lipid oxidation, fatty acids sums, ratios, and nutritional indexes were used to propose statistical models. The factors TSP and CFPD were significant, and the increased values contributed to improve the composition in fatty acids, crude protein, and ash. Principal components analysis distinguished the samples with a higher content of chia. In desirability analysis, the highest level of TSP and CFPD was described as the optimal region, and it was not necessary to make another experimental point. The addition of chia's by-product is an alternative to increase the α-linolenic contents and to obtain nutritionally balanced food. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry.

  5. "History had taken such a large piece out of my life" - Neuroscientist refugees from Hamburg during National Socialism. (United States)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A; von Villiez, Anna; Stellmann, Jan-Patrick; van den Bussche, Hendrik


    Approximately 9,000 physicians were uprooted for so-called "racial" or "political" reasons by the Nazi regime and 6,000 fled Germany. These refugees are often seen as survivors who contributed to a "brain drain" from Germany. About 432 doctors (all specialties, private and academic) were dismissed from the major German city of Hamburg. Of these, 16 were Hamburg University faculty members dismissed from their government-supported positions for "racial" reasons, and, of these, five were neuroscientists. In a critical analysis, not comprehensively done previously, we will demonstrate that the brain drain did not equal a "brain gain." The annihilation of these five neuroscientists' careers under different but similar auspices, their shameful harassment and incarceration, financial expropriation by Nazi ransom techniques, forced migration, and roadblocks once reaching destination countries stalled and set back any hopes of research and quickly continuing once-promising careers. A major continuing challenge is finding ways to repair an open wound and obvious vacuum in the German neuroscience community created by the largely collective persecution of colleagues 80 years ago.

  6. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and co-infections with Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Rickettsia spp. in Ixodes ricinus in Hamburg, Germany. (United States)

    May, K; Jordan, D; Fingerle, V; Strube, C


    To obtain initial data on Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Spirochaetales: Spirochaetaceae) in Ixodes ricinus (Ixodida: Ixodidae) ticks in Hamburg, Germany, 1400 questing ticks were collected by flagging at 10 different public recreation areas in 2011 and analysed using probe-based quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The overall rate of infection with B. burgdorferi s.l. was 34.1%; 30.0% of adults were infected (36.7% of females and 26.0% of males), as were 34.5% of nymphs. Significant differences in tick infection rates were observed between the spring and summer/autumn months, as well as among sampling locations. Borrelia genospecies identification by reverse line blotting was successful in 43.6% of positive tick samples. The most frequent genospecies was Borrelia garinii/Borrelia bavariensis, followed by Borrelia afzelii, Borrelia valaisiana, B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia spielmanii, Borrelia bissettii and Borrelia lusitaniae. Based on previously published data, co-infection of Borrelia and Rickettsiales spp. was determined in 25.8% of ticks. Overall, 22.9% of ticks were co-infected with Rickettsia spp. (Rickettsiales: Rickettsiaceae), 1.7% with Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae), and 1.2% with both pathogens. Study results show a high prevalence of Borrelia-positive ticks in recreation areas in the northern German city of Hamburg and the potential health risk to humans in these areas should not be underestimated. © 2015 The Royal Entomological Society.

  7. Semen quality in sub-fertile range for a significant proportion of young men from the general German population: a co-ordinated, controlled study of 791 men from Hamburg and Leipzig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paasch, U.; Salzbrunn, A.; Glander, H.J.


    of a general trend in Europe. We therefore carried out a prospective study of semen quality of young men raised in the former East Germany (Leipzig) and West Germany (Hamburg). To enable inter-regional comparisons, we utilized a common European research protocol previously used in studies in the Nordic......-Baltic region. Three hundred and thirty-four young men representative of the general population from Hamburg, and 457 from Leipzig delivered semen samples, underwent physical examinations and provided information on life-style and reproductive health parameters. The study period in Hamburg was February 2003......--July 2004, and in Leipzig July 2003--April 2005. No significant differences were observed in sperm concentration (median 46, 42, and 44 million/mL for men from Hamburg, Leipzig and the combined Hamburg-Leipzig group respectively) or total sperm count (154,141 and 149 million), whereas the differences...

  8. Modelling the urban air quality in Hamburg with the new city-scale chemistry transport model CityChem (United States)

    Karl, Matthias; Ramacher, Martin; Aulinger, Armin; Matthias, Volker; Quante, Markus


    Air quality modelling plays an important role by providing guidelines for efficient air pollution abatement measures. Currently, most urban dispersion models treat air pollutants as passive tracer substances or use highly simplified chemistry when simulating air pollutant concentrations on the city-scale. The newly developed urban chemistry-transport model CityChem has the capability of modelling the photochemical transformation of multiple pollutants along with atmospheric diffusion to produce pollutant concentration fields for the entire city on a horizontal resolution of 100 m or even finer and a vertical resolution of 24 layers up to 4000 m height. CityChem is based on the Eulerian urban dispersion model EPISODE of the Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU). CityChem treats the complex photochemistry in cities using detailed EMEP chemistry on an Eulerian 3-D grid, while using simple photo-stationary equilibrium on a much higher resolution grid (receptor grid), i.e. close to industrial point sources and traffic sources. The CityChem model takes into account that long-range transport contributes to urban pollutant concentrations. This is done by using 3-D boundary concentrations for the city domain derived from chemistry-transport simulations with the regional air quality model CMAQ. For the study of the air quality in Hamburg, CityChem was set-up with a main grid of 30×30 grid cells of 1×1 km2 each and a receptor grid of 300×300 grid cells of 100×100 m2. The CityChem model was driven with meteorological data generated by the prognostic meteorology component of the Australian chemistry-transport model TAPM. Bottom-up inventories of emissions from traffic, industry, households were based on data of the municipality of Hamburg. Shipping emissions for the port of Hamburg were taken from the Clean North Sea Shipping project. Episodes with elevated ozone (O3) were of specific interest for this study, as these are associated with exceedances of the World

  9. GIS inundation mapping and dam breach analysis of Woolwich Dam using HEC-geoRAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mocan, N. [Crozier and Associates Inc., Collingwood, ON (Canada); Joy, D.M. [Guelph Univ., ON (Canada); Rungis, G. [Grand River Conservation Authority, Cambridge, ON (Canada)


    A study was conducted to determine the extent of flood inundation given a hypothetical dam breach scenario of the Woolwich Dam located in the Grand River Watershed, 2.5 km north of the Town of Elmira, Ontario. The dam is operated by the Grand River Conservation Authority and was constructed to provide low-flow augmentation to Canagagigue Creek. Advances in the computational capabilities of numerical models along with the availability of fine resolution geospatial data has lead to significant advances in the evaluation of catastrophic consequences due to the ensuing flood waters when dams fail. The hydraulic models HEC-RAS and HEC-GeoRAS were used in this study along with GIS to produce high resolution spatial and temporal flood inundation mapping. Given the proximity to the Town of Elmira, the dam is classified as having a high hazard potential. The large size and high hazard potential of the dam suggests that the Inflow Design Flood (IDF) is the Probable Maximum Flood (PMF) event. The outlet structure of the spillway consists of 4 ogee-type concrete spillways equipped with radial gates. A low-level concrete pipe located within the spillway structure provides spillage for maintenance purposes. The full flow capacity of the spillway structure is 297 cubic metres per second at the full supply level of 364.8 metres. In addition to GIS flood inundation maps, this paper included the results of flood hydrographs, water surface profiles and peak flow data. It was concluded that techniques used in this analysis should be considered for use in the development of emergency management planning and dam safety assessments across Canada. 6 refs., 3 tabs., 4 figs.

  10. Dam-breach analysis and flood-inundation mapping for selected dams in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and near Atoka, Oklahoma (United States)

    Shivers, Molly J.; Smith, S. Jerrod; Grout, Trevor S.; Lewis, Jason M.


    Dams provide beneficial functions such as flood control, recreation, and storage of water supplies, but they also entail risk; dam breaches and resultant floods can cause substantial property damage and loss of life. The State of Oklahoma requires each owner of a high-hazard dam, which the Federal Emergency Management Agency defines as dams for which failure or improper operation probably will cause loss of human life, to develop an emergency action plan specific to that dam. Components of an emergency action plan are to simulate a flood resulting from a possible dam breach and map the resulting downstream flood-inundation areas. The resulting flood-inundation maps can provide valuable information to city officials, emergency managers, and local residents for planning an emergency response if a dam breach occurs.

  11. Mathematical Modeling in Systems for Operational Evaluation of the Stress-Strain State of the Arch-Gravity Dam at the Sayano-Shushenskaya Hydroelectric Power Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bellendir, E. N.; Gordon, L. A., E-mail:; Khrapkov, A. A.; Skvortsova, A. E., E-mail: [B. E. Vedeneev All-Russia Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering (VNIIG) (Russian Federation)


    Current studies of the stress-strain state of the dam at the Sayano-Shushenskaya Hydroelectric Power Plant at VNIIG based on mathematical modeling including full scale and experimental data are described. Applications and programs intended for automatic operational evaluation of the stress-strain state of the dam for optimizing control of the upper race level in the course of the annual filling-drawdown cycle and during seismic events are examined. Improvements in systems for monitoring the stress-strain state of concrete dams are proposed.

  12. Monitoring and maintenance at Kariba dam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goguel, B. (Coyne et Bellier, Bureau d' Ingenieurs-Conseils, 75 - Paris (France)); Mpala, A.S. (Zambezi River Authority, Lusaka (Zambia))


    The 128 m-high Kariba arch dam, built between 1955 and 1959 on the Zambezi river, is on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. It creates one of the largest man-made lakes in the world, and supplies two power stations with a total capacity of 1266 MW. Safety monitoring of the dam and its foundation is a long-term, continuous and very important function, which guides maintenance efforts. The general behaviour of the work is influenced by the complex geological conditional changes on the right(south) bank, slow long-term dimensional changes in the concrete, and variable hydrological conditions. After a comprehensive study of the instrumentation data amassed up to 1983, additional instrumentation was provided between 1986 and 1989. The new data analysis has begun recently and is expected to allow for interpretation of the long-term phenomena involved. (author).

  13. Kariba: the dubious benefits of large dams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balon, E.K.


    The ecological consequences of dam building extend far beyond the common cost-benefit analysis. On the Zambezi River for example, a unique and stable ecological system, which took millenia to develop, was rapidly changed by dams into less productive lakes. The process was accompanied by widespread destruction and misery. The production of the electricity required for a more profitable export of mineral resources rendered the local inhabitants dependent on external sources of food, water, etc., where they had formerly been self-sufficient. The surface of the lake reflects more solar energy than the old terrestrial system. As a consequence, fish production is lower than the lost production of plants and game. Species diversity may be increased by natural invasion and artificial introduction, but the production limits of the system can not be changed.

  14. Landfill liners from dam reservoir sediments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koś Karolina


    Full Text Available Landfill liners from dam reservoir sediments. Every municipal solid waste landfill has to be properly secured to protect the natural environment from possible leachate. Most often an artificial sealing is used, which is based on a soil liner from cohesive soils (clays, silts. Usability evaluation of bottom sediments from Rzeszowski Reservoir for building these liners was presented in the paper. Sediments from dam reservoirs, gathered as a result of the siltation process, can be a valuable material for earthworks purposes. Determination of their possible ways of usage is important, especially before the planned dredging, because thanks to that this material will not be put on a heap. Based on the analysis of the geotechnical parameters of these sediments it was stated that this material can be preliminary allowed for using in liners.

  15. Dam Seepage Investigation of an Earthfill Dam in Warren County, Missouri Using Geophysical Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanley C. Nwokebuihe


    Full Text Available Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT, induced polarization (IP and spontaneous potential (SP data were acquired across and in proximity to a leaking earth-fill dam (Wolf Creek dam in Warren County, Missouri. The objectives were to identify and map probable seepage pathways through the dam and to determine if the outlet works drainage pipe used in the construction of the dam was leaking. On the basis of the integrated interpretation of the acquired geophysical data two probable seepage pathways through the leaking earth-fill dam were identified and mapped. These two pathways are referred to as the Groin Leak and Water Fall Leak, respectively. The Groin Leak and Water Fall Leak seepage pathways are both characterized by relatively low resistivity and low chargeability. It is also concluded that there is high probability that water is leaking from the downstream end of the outlet works drainage pipe. The interpreted drainage pipe leak (Outlet works Leak is characterized by relatively low resistivity, high chargeability and negative self-potential values.

  16. Dam removal increases American eel abundance in distant headwater streams (United States)

    Hitt, Nathaniel P.; Eyler, Sheila; Wofford, John E.B.


    American eel Anguilla rostrata abundances have undergone significant declines over the last 50 years, and migration barriers have been recognized as a contributing cause. We evaluated eel abundances in headwater streams of Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, to compare sites before and after the removal of a large downstream dam in 2004 (Embrey Dam, Rappahannock River). Eel abundances in headwater streams increased significantly after the removal of Embrey Dam. Observed eel abundances after dam removal exceeded predictions derived from autoregressive models parameterized with data prior to dam removal. Mann–Kendall analyses also revealed consistent increases in eel abundances from 2004 to 2010 but inconsistent temporal trends before dam removal. Increasing eel numbers could not be attributed to changes in local physical habitat (i.e., mean stream depth or substrate size) or regional population dynamics (i.e., abundances in Maryland streams or Virginia estuaries). Dam removal was associated with decreasing minimum eel lengths in headwater streams, suggesting that the dam previously impeded migration of many small-bodied individuals (<300 mm TL). We hypothesize that restoring connectivity to headwater streams could increase eel population growth rates by increasing female eel numbers and fecundity. This study demonstrated that dams may influence eel abundances in headwater streams up to 150 river kilometers distant, and that dam removal may provide benefits for eel management and conservation at the landscape scale.

  17. Will Dam Removal Increase Nitrogen Flux to Estuaries?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur J. Gold


    Full Text Available To advance the science of dam removal, analyses of functions and benefits need to be linked to individual dam attributes and effects on downstream receiving waters. We examined 7550 dams in the New England (USA region for possible tradeoffs associated with dam removal. Dam removal often generates improvements for safety or migratory fish passage but might increase nitrogen (N flux and eutrophication in coastal watersheds. We estimated N loading and removal with algorithms using geospatial data on land use, stream flow and hydrography. We focused on dams with reservoirs that increase retention time at specific points of river reaches, creating localized hotspots of elevated N removal. Approximately 2200 dams with reservoirs had potential benefits for N removal based on N loading, retention time and depth. Across stream orders, safety concerns on these N removal dams ranged between 28% and 44%. First order streams constituted the majority of N removal dams (70%, but only 3% of those were classified as high value for fish passage. In cases where dam removal might eliminate N removal function from a particular reservoir, site-specific analyses are warranted to improve N delivery estimates and examine alternatives that retain the reservoir while enhancing fish passage and safety.

  18. Using a coupled eco-hydrodynamic model to predict habitat for target species following dam removal (United States)

    Tomsic, C.A.; Granata, T.C.; Murphy, R.P.; Livchak, C.J.


    A habitat suitability index (HSI) model was developed for a water quality sensitive fish (Greater Redhorse) and macroinvertebrate (Plecoptera) species to determine the restoration success of the St. John Dam removal for the Sandusky River (Ohio). An ArcGIS?? model was created for pre- and post-dam removal scenarios. Inputs to the HSI model consist of substrate distributions from river surveys, and water level and velocity time series, outputs from a hydrodynamic model. The ArcGIS?? model predicted habitat suitability indices at 45 river cross-sections in the hydrodynamic model. The model was programmed to produce polygon layers, using graphical user interfaces that were displayed in the ArcGIS?? environment. The results of the model clearly show an increase of habitat suitability from pre- to post-dam removal periods and in the former reservoir. The change in suitability of the model is attributed mostly to the change in depth in the river following the dam removal for both the fish and invertebrate species. The results of the invertebrate model followed the same positive trend as species enumerations from the river basin. ?? 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Numerical Analyses of Earthquake Induced Liquefaction and Deformation Behaviour of an Upstream Tailings Dam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Auchar Zardari


    Full Text Available Much of the seismic activity of northern Sweden consists of micro-earthquakes occurring near postglacial faults. However, larger magnitude earthquakes do occur in Sweden, and earthquake statistics indicate that a magnitude 5 event is likely to occur once every century. This paper presents dynamic analyses of the effects of larger earthquakes on an upstream tailings dam at the Aitik copper mine in northern Sweden. The analyses were performed to evaluate the potential for liquefaction and to assess stability of the dam under two specific earthquakes: a commonly occurring magnitude 3.6 event and a more extreme earthquake of magnitude 5.8. The dynamic analyses were carried out with the finite element program PLAXIS using a recently implemented constitutive model called UBCSAND. The results indicate that the magnitude 5.8 earthquake would likely induce liquefaction in a limited zone located below the ground surface near the embankment dikes. It is interpreted that stability of the dam may not be affected due to the limited extent of the liquefied zone. Both types of earthquakes are predicted to induce tolerable magnitudes of displacements. The results of the postseismic slope stability analysis, performed for a state after a seismic event, suggest that the dam is stable during both the earthquakes.

  20. National Dam Safety Program. Court Street Dam (Inventory Number NY 6843), Monroe County, New York (United States)


    i. Foundation . - V- .d* 6 I I ~j. Abutments ,, ,.-. ,X. 1. Approach & Outlet Channels .... _ __’_ _ _ _ M. Energy Dissipators (Plunge...4o16.03)( 6Oba.24)( 7500.34)( 942b.26)( HiDRO $RAPH At 1, 200.00 1 lY925o 34668. 49812. 64756. 79699. 99b24.( o73.40) ( 5b64.21)( 987.3b)( 1410.52

  1. A Comparison of the Motor Ability of 8 and 9 Year Old Primary School Children in Hamburg, Melbourne and Cape Town--An Exploratory Study (United States)

    Kretschmer, Jurgen; Saunders, John; Bressan, Liz; Erhorn, Jan; Wirszing, Daniel


    An increasing worldwide concern about a decline in the quality of the motor ability of children was the motivation for this exploratory comparative study. It involves a comparison of the motor ability of children aged 8 and 9 years from Hamburg (n = 774), Melbourne (n = 141) and Cape Town (n = 81). Since each of these global cities represents a…

  2. Evaluation of the Hamburg Rut Tester and Moisture Induced Stress Test (MIST) for field control of hot mix asphalt (HMA) in Oklahoma : final report. (United States)


    This report covers the evaluation of the Hamburg Loaded Wheel Rut Tester (OHD L-55) and the : Moisture Induced Stress Tester (MIST) for field control of Oklahoma HMA mixtures. OHD L-55 : was evaluated as a possible replacement for AASHTO T 283 and fo...

  3. Circulation and Internationalisation of Pedagogical Concepts and Practices in the Discourse of Education: The Hamburg School Reform Experiment (1919-1933) (United States)

    Mayer, Christine


    In the context of the international exchange of school reform ideas and concepts, the new schools in Hamburg were recognised as exemplary instances of a revolutionary and forceful reform in the public elementary school systems. Based on studies of transfer and their premise that the transnational transfer of ideas, practices and objects does not…

  4. The "Hamburger Connection" as Ecologically Unequal Exchange: A Cross-National Investigation of Beef Exports and Deforestation in Less-Developed Countries (United States)

    Austin, Kelly


    This study explores Norman Myers's concept of the "hamburger connection" as a form of ecologically unequal exchange, where more-developed nations are able to transfer the environmental costs of beef consumption to less-developed nations. I used ordinary least squares (OLS) regression to test whether deforestation in less-developed…

  5. Do Hydroelectric Dams Mitigate Global Warming? The Case of Brazil's Curuna Dam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fearnside, P.M. [National Institute for Research in the Amazon (INPA), C.P. 478, 69011-970 Manaus, Amazonas (Brazil)


    Hydroelectric dams in tropical forest areas emit greenhouse gases, as illustrated by the Curuna dam in the Amazonian portion of Brazil. Emissions include carbon dioxide from decay of the above-water portions of trees that are left standing in the reservoir and methane from soft vegetation that decays under anaerobic conditions on the bottom of the reservoir, especially macrophytes (water weeds) and vegetation that grows in the drawdown zone and is flooded when the reservoir water level rises. Some methane is released from the reservoir surface through bubbling and diffusion, but larger amounts are released from water passing through the turbines and spillway. Methane concentration in the water increases with depth, and the turbines and spillway draw water from sufficient depth to have substantial methane content. In 1990 (13 years after filling), the Curuna Dam emitted 3.6 times more greenhouse gases than would have been emitted by generating the same amount of electricity from oil.

  6. Simulating dam-breach flood scenarios of the Tangjiashan landslide dam induced by the Wenchuan Earthquake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Fan


    Full Text Available Floods from failures of landslide dams can pose a hazard to people and property downstream, which have to be rapidly assessed and mitigated in order to reduce the potential risk. The Tangjiashan landslide dam induced by the Mw = 7.9 2008 Wenchuan earthquake had impounded the largest lake in the earthquake affected area with an estimated volume of 3 × 108 m3, and the potential catastrophic dam breach posed a serious threat to more than 2.5 million people in downstream towns and Mianyang city, located 85 km downstream. Chinese authorities had to evacuate parts of the city until the Tangjiashan landslide dam was artificially breached by a spillway, and the lake was drained. We propose an integrated approach to simulate the dam-breach floods for a number of possible scenarios, to evaluate the severity of the threat to Mianyang city. Firstly, the physically-based BREACH model was applied to predict the flood hydrographs at the dam location, which were calibrated with observational data of the flood resulting from the artificial breaching. The output hydrographs from this model were inputted into the 1-D–2-D SOBEK hydrodynamic model to simulate the spatial variations in flood parameters. The simulated flood hydrograph, peak discharge and peak arrival time at the downstream towns fit the observations. Thus this approach is capable of providing reliable predictions for the decision makers to determine the mitigation plans. The sensitivity analysis of the BREACH model input parameters reveals that the average grain size, the unit weight and porosity of the dam materials are the most sensitive parameters. The variability of the dam material properties causes a large uncertainty in the estimation of the peak flood discharge and peak arrival time, but has little influence on the flood inundation area and flood depth downstream. The effect of cascading breaches of smaller dams downstream of the Tangjiashan dam was

  7. Prevalence of Rickettsiales (Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Rickettsia spp.) in hard ticks (Ixodes ricinus) in the city of Hamburg, Germany. (United States)

    May, Kathrin; Strube, Christina


    To narrow the gap of missing knowledge on Rickettsia spp. and Anaplasma phagocytophilum infections in ticks in northwestern Germany and, at the same time, to provide first prevalence data on these pathogens in the city of Hamburg, a total of 1,400 questing Ixodes ricinus ticks were collected at ten different public green areas from April until October 2011. Ticks were examined using probe-based quantitative real-time PCR. A percentage of 3.6% (51/1,400) ticks were tested positive for A. phagocytophilum infections divided into 2.1% (3/141) adults [1.7% (1/60) females and 2.5% (2/81) males] and 3.8% (48/1,259) nymphs. The percentage of infected ticks per sampling site varied statistically significantly from 0.7% (1/140) to 12.1% (17/140), whereas between sampling months, no statistically significant differences were observed (2.0-6.5%, 4-13/140). The overall Rickettsia spp. infection rate was 52.5% (735/1,400). In adult ticks, Rickettsia spp. infection rate was 56% (79/141) divided into 61.7% (37/60) infected females and 51.9% (42/81) infected males. Nymphs showed an infection rate of 52.1% (656/1,259). In contrast to A. phagocytophilum infections, no statistically significant differences in Rickettsia spp. infection rates among sampling sites (44.3-63.6%, 62-89/140) were observed, whereas seasonal variations were obvious: the percentage of Rickettsia-positive ticks was significantly lower in April (36.5%, 73/200) and May (29.5%, 59/200) compared to the summer and fall months (55.0-64.5%, 110-129/200). Rickettsia species differentiation via real-time pyrosequencing revealed Rickettsia helvetica as the only occurring species. Co-infections with both Rickettsia spp. and A. phagocytophilum were detected in 2.0% (28/1,400) of the ticks. The present study revealed that in the city of Hamburg, the tick infection rate with A. phagocytophilum is comparable with other German data, whereas the Rickettsia spp. infection rate of 52.5% is by far the highest prevalence detected in


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Matvienko


    Full Text Available A methodology for determination of seismic accelerations in earth dams has been developed within the framework of seismic resistance wave theory. In this case we take into account an influence of the dam foundation and seismic wave emission into it. The methodology is based on numerical solution of the dynamic problem while using a finite difference method. A software program SGD “Determination of seismic acceleration in the earth dam” has been prepared on the basis of the developed methodology. The program allows to evaluate ordinates of calculation orthographic representations for acceleration throughout the dam height for all time moments. Thus, it is possible to obtain the most dangerous acceleration orthographic representations at direct and reverse seismic actions. The papers presents verification (compliance test of calculated and observed seismic accelerations for the rock-fill dam of the Dnestrovskaya Hydro-Electric Power Plant No 1. The observed seismic accelerations have been obtained during experimental explosions. The calculated seismic accelerations have been obtained in accordance with the proposed methodology for determination of seismic accelerations in the earth dams. A comparative analysis of calculation results with the data of field observations has demonstrated that a maximum difference between extreme accelerations obtained by calculation, and during field observations, do not exceed 10.11 % for the dam crest, and 6.56 % for its bottom. The obtained results permit to recommend the developed program for engineering calculations of seismic accelerations in the earth dams. The program application will make it possible to determine seismic acceleration in the earth dam with sufficient reliability.

  9. Wildlife Habitat Impact Assessment, Chief Joseph Dam Project, Washington : Project Report 1992.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuehn, Douglas; Berger, Matthew


    Under the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act of 1980, and the subsequent Northwest Power Planning Council`s Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program, a wildlife habitat impact assessment and identification of mitigation objectives have been developed for the US Army Corps of Engineer`s Chief Joseph Dam Project in north-central Washington. This study will form the basis for future mitigation planning and implementation.

  10. How Big of an Effect Do Small Dams Have? Using Geomorphological Footprints to Quantify Spatial Impact of Low-Head Dams and Identify Patterns of Across-Dam Variation (United States)

    Costigan, Katie H.; Daniels, Melinda D.


    Longitudinal connectivity is a fundamental characteristic of rivers that can be disrupted by natural and anthropogenic processes. Dams are significant disruptions to streams. Over 2,000,000 low-head dams (ecology are largely untested. Progress for research and conservation is impaired by not knowing the magnitude of low-head dam impacts. Based on the geomorphic literature, we refined a methodology that allowed us to quantify the spatial extent of low-head dam impacts (herein dam footprint), assessed variation in dam footprints across low-head dams within a river network, and identified select aspects of the context of this variation. Wetted width, depth, and substrate size distributions upstream and downstream of six low-head dams within the Upper Neosho River, Kansas, United States of America were measured. Total dam footprints averaged 7.9 km (3.0–15.3 km) or 287 wetted widths (136–437 wetted widths). Estimates included both upstream (mean: 6.7 km or 243 wetted widths) and downstream footprints (mean: 1.2 km or 44 wetted widths). Altogether the six low-head dams impacted 47.3 km (about 17%) of the mainstem in the river network. Despite differences in age, size, location, and primary function, the sizes of geomorphic footprints of individual low-head dams in the Upper Neosho river network were relatively similar. The number of upstream dams and distance to upstream dams, but not dam height, affected the spatial extent of dam footprints. In summary, ubiquitous low-head dams individually and cumulatively altered lotic ecosystems. Both characteristics of individual dams and the context of neighboring dams affected low-head dam impacts within the river network. For these reasons, low-head dams require a different, more integrative, approach for research and management than the individualistic approach that has been applied to larger dams. PMID:26540105

  11. Dynamic Analysis of an Inflatable Dam Subjected to a Flood


    Lowery, Kristen Mary


    A dynamic simulation of the response of an inflatable dam subjected to a flood was carried out to determine the survivability envelope of the dam where it can operate without rupture, or overflow. A fully nonlinear free-surface flow was applied in two dimensions using a mixed Eulerian-Lagrangian formulation. An ABAQUS finite element model was used to determine the dynamic structural response of the dam. The problem was solved in the time domain which allows the prediction of a number ...

  12. Predicting surfacing internal erosion in moraine core dams


    Rönnqvist, Hans


    Dams that comprise broadly and widely graded glacial materials, such as moraines, have been found to be susceptible to internal erosion, perhaps more than dams of other soil types. Internal erosion washes out fine-grained particles from the filling material; the erosion occurs within the material itself or at an interface to another dam zone, depending on the mode of initiation. Whether or not internal erosion proceeds depend on the adequacy of the filter material. If internal erosion is allo...

  13. A new era in science at Washington University, St. Louis: Viktor Hamburger's zoology department in the 1940's. (United States)

    Carson, H L


    In the early 1940s, the administration of the College of Arts and Sciences at Washington University, St. Louis was firmly in the hands of classical scholars who were not inclined to promote the development of modern research on scientific subjects. Funds supporting research in biology favored the School of Medicine and the Missouri Botanical Garden. Viktor Hamburger arrived at Washington University in 1935. At about the time he became the Acting Chairman of Zoology in 1942, research work in the biological departments began a dramatic surge that has continued to this day. For 65 years under his counsel and leadership, basic biology has thrived at this fine institution. As an early faculty recruit, I recount here a few personal recollections from those formative years.

  14. John Lennon, autograph hound: The fan-musician community in Hamburg's early rock-and-roll scene, 1960–65

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Sneeringer


    Full Text Available This article explores the Beat music scene in Hamburg, West Germany, in the early 1960s. This scene became famous for its role in incubating the Beatles, who played over 250 nights there in 1960–62, but this article focuses on the prominent role of fans in this scene. Here fans were welcomed by bands and club owners as cocreators of a scene that offered respite from the prevailing conformism of West Germany during the Economic Miracle. This scene, born at the confluence of commercial and subcultural impulses, was also instrumental in transforming rock and roll from a working-class niche product to a cross-class lingua franca for youth. It was also a key element in West Germany's broader processes of democratization during the 1960s, opening up social space in which the meanings of authority, respectability, and democracy itself could be questioned and reworked.

  15. Methodology for risk assessment of collapses of torrent check dams


    Martinčič, Manica


    Slovenia has a lot of torrential check dams, but until now there was no uniform method one could apply in order to perform a review of the torrential check dams' condition and to assess their physical vulnerability. In 2013, we assessed the risk of torrential check dams on Suhelj, Belca and Pišnica torrents by applying the risk assessment methodology for large dams. Since, for various reasons, the results were deemed useless, we decided to adjust the risk assessment model for torrential ch...

  16. The preference and actual use of different types of rural recreation areas by urban dwellers--the Hamburg case study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiemen Boll

    Full Text Available In the wake of urbanisation processes and the constitution of metropolitan regions, the role of the city's rural surroundings is receiving more attention from researchers and planners as rural areas offer various (cultural ecosystem services for the urban population. Urban dwellers increasingly desire recreation and landscape experience. Although this need for recreation is generally recognized, few studies have focused on the question of people's preferences for certain types and characteristics of outdoor recreation areas in relation to the frequency of use. In order to acquire baseline data on this subject, the main objectives of this study were to explore recreation preferences of urban dwellers and the relation between actual use and perceived value of recreation areas in a case study in the Hamburg Metropolitan Region (Germany. In a social survey, Hamburg residents (n = 400 were asked about their preferences and use of four important regional recreation areas with different landscape characteristics in face-to-face interviews in different locations in the city. We found that both outdoor recreation within and outside of the city were fairly or very important for more than 70% of the questioned urban dwellers. Interestingly, the preference for a recreation area outside of the city did not depend on the frequency of use, which indicates that certain recreation areas had a symbolic value besides their use value. When people were questioned on the characteristics of recreation areas, perceived naturalness was found to be strongly related to preference. Respondents considered the diversity, uniqueness, and naturalness of the landscape to be far more important than the accessibility of the recreation areas and the provision of service facilities.

  17. The preference and actual use of different types of rural recreation areas by urban dwellers--the Hamburg case study. (United States)

    Boll, Thiemen; von Haaren, Christina; von Ruschkowski, Eick


    In the wake of urbanisation processes and the constitution of metropolitan regions, the role of the city's rural surroundings is receiving more attention from researchers and planners as rural areas offer various (cultural) ecosystem services for the urban population. Urban dwellers increasingly desire recreation and landscape experience. Although this need for recreation is generally recognized, few studies have focused on the question of people's preferences for certain types and characteristics of outdoor recreation areas in relation to the frequency of use. In order to acquire baseline data on this subject, the main objectives of this study were to explore recreation preferences of urban dwellers and the relation between actual use and perceived value of recreation areas in a case study in the Hamburg Metropolitan Region (Germany). In a social survey, Hamburg residents (n = 400) were asked about their preferences and use of four important regional recreation areas with different landscape characteristics in face-to-face interviews in different locations in the city. We found that both outdoor recreation within and outside of the city were fairly or very important for more than 70% of the questioned urban dwellers. Interestingly, the preference for a recreation area outside of the city did not depend on the frequency of use, which indicates that certain recreation areas had a symbolic value besides their use value. When people were questioned on the characteristics of recreation areas, perceived naturalness was found to be strongly related to preference. Respondents considered the diversity, uniqueness, and naturalness of the landscape to be far more important than the accessibility of the recreation areas and the provision of service facilities.

  18. Progress report about the rehabilitation of a former gasworks area in Hamburg-Bergedorf; Erfahrungsbericht ueber die Sanierung eines ehemaligen Gaswerkgelaendes in Hamburg-Bergedorf

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krebs, H. [Hamburg Gas Consult GmbH, Hamburg (Germany)


    Since the gas supply was changed from city gas to natural gas the former gaswork sites are one by one decontaminated. Due to the present scope of laws, but also frequently for architectural reasons, in many kinds of remediation specific solutions are conceived and realized. In the case, that will be reported here, such a conception was developed. In between it has been already partly realized and it is partly in execution yet. In the first part of the remediation program the ground was sealed or the most contaminated soil was replaced. In the current stage the ground and groundwater are purified by exhausting of ground air and treating of the soil with water in the underground. Each plant is in effective operation since 1.5 years. (orig.) [Deutsch] Seit der Umstellungsphase von Stadtgas auf Erdgas werden Zug um Zug die alten Gaswerkstandorte saniert. Aufgrund der heutigen gesetzlichen Rahmenbedingungen aber haeufig auch aus baulichen Gruenden werden vielfach standortspezifische Sanierungsloesungen konzipiert und umgesetzt. Im hier berichteten Fall wurde ein solches Konzept entwickelt, das teils schon umgesetzt und teils sich noch in der Ausfuehrung befindet. Es wurden im ersten Sanierungsabschnitt Versiegelungs- und Bodenaustauschmassnahmen durchgefuehrt; in der jetzt laufenden Phase findet eine Boden- und Grundwasserreinigung mittels Bodenluftabsaugung und hydraulischer Behandlung statt. Seit ueber 1,5 Jahren ist jeweils eine Anlage erfolgreich in Betrieb. (orig.)

  19. the effect of age of dam on weaning mass for ftve dam breed types in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    at an earlier age than the Charolais, Simmentaler and Dual Purpose types. This was probably due to their rate of maturity. These results indicate that when the average dam-age is low in a herd, the early maturing types can be more productive than later maturing types. Extrapolating this data to extensive conditions, where ...

  20. Dam Design can Impede Adaptive Management of Environmental Flows: A Case Study from the Opuha Dam, New Zealand (United States)

    Lessard, JoAnna; Murray Hicks, D.; Snelder, Ton H.; Arscott, David B.; Larned, Scott T.; Booker, Doug; Suren, Alastair M.


    The Opuha Dam was designed for water storage, hydropower, and to augment summer low flows. Following its commissioning in 1999, algal blooms (dominated first by Phormidium and later Didymosphenia geminata) downstream of the dam were attributed to the reduced frequency and magnitude of high-flow events. In this study, we used a 20-year monitoring dataset to quantify changes associated with the dam. We also studied the effectiveness of flushing flows to remove periphyton from the river bed. Following the completion of the dam, daily maximum flows downstream have exceeded 100 m3 s-1 only three times; two of these floods exceeded the pre-dam mean annual flood of 203 m3 s-1 (compared to 19 times >100 m3 s-1 and 6 times >203 m3 s-1 in the 8 years of record before the dam). Other changes downstream included increases in water temperature, bed armoring, frequency of algal blooms, and changes to the aquatic invertebrate community. Seven experimental flushing flows resulted in limited periphyton reductions. Flood wave attenuation, bed armoring, and a shortage of surface sand and gravel, likely limited the effectiveness of these moderate floods. Floods similar to pre-dam levels may be effective for control of periphyton downstream; however, flushing flows of that magnitude are not possible with the existing dam infrastructure. These results highlight the need for dams to be planned and built with the capacity to provide the natural range of flows for adaptive management, particularly high flows.

  1. Hovercraft drill probes Saraji tailings dam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    In early operations at BHP-Utah's Saraji Mine in central Queensland, quantities of coking coal were pumped into the tailings dam because the preparation plant's flotation circuit was unable to handle ultra-fines. A reverse circulating drilling rig mounted on a hovercraft was used to recover 22 samples (representing 9 metres of tailings from 11 x 8 x 0.09 metre cores) in an investigation into whether the tailings can now be treated economically. 1 fig.

  2. The World Commission on Dams + 10: Revisiting the Large Dam Controversy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah Moore


    Full Text Available The World Commission on Dams (WCD was an experiment in multi-stakeholder dialogue and global governance concerned with a subject area – large dams – that was fraught with conflict and controversy. The WCD Report, Dams and Development: A New Framework for Decision-Making, was published in 2000 and accompanied by hopes that broad-based agreements would be forged on how to better manage water and energy development. Ten years later, this special issue of Water Alternatives revisits the WCD and its impacts, exploring the question: Is the WCD still relevant? The editorial team and the Guest Editors of this special issue of Water Alternatives have selected a range of 20 papers, 6 viewpoints, and 4 book reviews that help to illustrate the evolution in the dams debate. The goal of this special issue is to examine the influence and the impacts of the WCD on the dam enterprise, in general, and on the policies and practices of key stakeholders and institutions, and on the development outcomes for affected communities and environments, in particular. In this introduction, the Guest Editors provide an overview of the special issue, exploring the new drivers of dam development that have emerged during the last decade, including climate change and new financiers of dams, and describing the themes emerging from this diverse set of papers and viewpoints. This special issue demonstrates the need for a renewed multi-stakeholder dialogue at multiple levels. This would not be a redo of the WCD, but rather a rekindling and redesigning of processes and forums where mutual understanding, information-sharing, and norm-setting can occur. One of the most promising developments of the last decade is the further demonstration, in case studies described here, that true partnership amongst key stakeholders can produce transformative resource-sharing agreements, showing that many of the WCD recommendations around negotiated decision making are working in practice. We hope

  3. Quasi-stable Slope-Failure Dams in High Asia (United States)

    Shroder, J. F.


    Collapses of steep mountain slopes in the Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir, Hindu Kush, and Tibetan Plateau are well known as a result of:(1) generally high seismicity in active tectonic areas; (2) prior deglaciation leaving undercut, unstable cliffs; (3) present-day debuttressing of rock cliffs by glacial down-wasting in conditions of global warming; and (4) degradation of permafrost cohesion and water-ice cementation in high mountain slopes. Landslide dams across mountain rivers are also well known worldwide and generally do not endure for long because of the common landslide-lake outburst floods (LLOF) whose discharge is commonly sufficiently large to remove much of the dam in a short time. A number of massive slope-failure dams in south High Asia, however, have endured for centuries and require explanations for the length of duration, whereas recent examples require robust assessment for better predictive hazard analysis. Three main factors contribute to longevity of slope-failure dams: (1) mega-rocks >15-30 m that inhibit dam failure in overflow breaches; (2) mega-porosity wherein incoming discharge to the landslide lake is balanced by subterranean water through-flow within the landslide dam; (3) impermeable clay fills caused by remobilization of prior lacustrine-dammed sediment that impart dam strength to allow lasting integrity for a time, and (4) climate-change induced lake-level lowering. Several examples of long-lived or unusually stable, slope-failure dams associated with pronounced structural/tectonic associations include: (1) Pangong Tso, Ladakh and Tibet; (2) Lake Shewa, Afghanistan; (3) Sarez Lake, Tajikistan; and (4) Lake Hunza, Pakistan. Pangong Tso and Lake Shewa were emplaced thousands of years ago and only Lake Shewa shows some instability of the dam front where percolating water maintains lake level but may be causing new slumping. Sarez Lake behind the Usoi landslide dam was emplaced by an earthquake in 1911 and maintains its level by seepage. Lake

  4. Cascade dams influence on sediment characteristics and phosphorus distribution. (United States)

    Rapin, Anne; Mourier, Brice; Rabiet, Marion; Malgorzata, Grybos; Kestens, Tim; Deluchat, Veronique


    Massive river artificialisation by dam construction, responding to the steadily increasing human demand of water and electricity leads to several environmental consequences, including alteration of hydrological dynamic and sediment discontinuity. Important decreases of water flows and sediment transport downstream impact phosphorus (P) flux to the ocean and its cycle, due to P sediment storage in dam reservoir. Moreover, the release of P from sediments may enhance eutrophication processes in dam reservoir. Our study focused on the influence of cascade dams on physical and chemical characteristics of sediments and particularly on P sedimentary speciation along river continuum. Considering these results, the potential of P release from dam reservoir sediments was appraised and compared to un-impacted river parts. In addition, key parameters controlling P release at sediment/water interface were evaluated. Champsanglard, Chézelles and Age are three consecutive hydroelectric reservoirs on Creuse River (France; respective surfaces area of 55 ha, 23 ha, 38 ha and approximative height of 20 m each) subjected to seasonal cyanobacterial blooms. Surface sediments (17 samples) were collected in dams and free-flow river sections (on a stretch of 17 km); chemical composition (Fe, Al, Ca, Mn and P), organic matter (OM) content, particle size distribution and P fractionation were analysed. An abrupt change in sediment granulometry from a coarse-medium sand to silt texture going through free-flow river to dam reservoirs was observed. The same assessment was made in regard to OM content (from 3 ± 3% in river parts to 18 ± 3% in dams) and total P (0.27 ± 0.11 mgP/g DW in river parts to 1.8 ± 0.3 mgP/gDW in dams). P enrichment in sediment from dam reservoir is due to the retention of fine size particles. Relation between total P content and sediment grain size within each dam reservoir highlighted the role of slowdown river flow occurring in dams. In Champsanglard reservoir

  5. Thermal effects of dams in the Willamette River basin, Oregon (United States)

    Rounds, Stewart A.


    Methods were developed to assess the effects of dams on streamflow and water temperature in the Willamette River and its major tributaries. These methods were used to estimate the flows and temperatures that would occur at 14 dam sites in the absence of upstream dams, and river models were applied to simulate downstream flows and temperatures under a no-dams scenario. The dams selected for this study include 13 dams built and operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) as part of the Willamette Project, and 1 dam on the Clackamas River owned and operated by Portland General Electric (PGE). Streamflows in the absence of upstream dams for 2001-02 were estimated for USACE sites on the basis of measured releases, changes in reservoir storage, a correction for evaporative losses, and an accounting of flow effects from upstream dams. For the PGE dam, no-project streamflows were derived from a previous modeling effort that was part of a dam-relicensing process. Without-dam streamflows were characterized by higher peak flows in winter and spring and much lower flows in late summer, as compared to with-dam measured flows. Without-dam water temperatures were estimated from measured temperatures upstream of the reservoirs (the USACE sites) or derived from no-project model results (the PGE site). When using upstream data to estimate without-dam temperatures at dam sites, a typical downstream warming rate based on historical data and downstream river models was applied over the distance from the measurement point to the dam site, but only for conditions when the temperature data indicated that warming might be expected. Regressions with measured temperatures from nearby or similar sites were used to extend the without-dam temperature estimates to the entire 2001-02 time period. Without-dam temperature estimates were characterized by a more natural seasonal pattern, with a maximum in July or August, in contrast to the measured patterns at many of the tall dam sites

  6. Compiling an Open Database of Dam Inundation Areas on the Irrawaddy, Salween, Mekong, and Red River Basins (United States)

    Cutter, P. G.; Walcutt, A.; O'Neil-Dunne, J.; Geheb, K.; Troy, A.; Saah, D. S.; Ganz, D.


    Dam construction in mainland Southeast Asia has increased substantially in recent years with extensive regional impacts including alterations to water regimes, the loss and degradation of natural forests and biodiversity, and reductions in soil and water quality. The CGIAR Water Land Ecosystem program (WLE) and partners maintain a comprehensive database of locations and other data relating to existing, planned, and proposed dams in the region's major transboundary rivers spanning areas in Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar, and China. A recent regional needs assessment and specific stakeholder requests revealed the need for a dataset reflecting the inundation areas of these dams for use in measuring impacts to river ecology, analyzing disaster risk, monitoring land cover and land use change, evaluating carbon emissions, and assessing the actual and potential impacts to communities. In conjunction with WLE and other partners, SERVIR-Mekong, a regional hub of the USAID and NASA-supported SERVIR program, formulated an explicit procedure to produce this dataset. The procedure includes leveraging data from OpenStreetMap and other sources, creating polygons based on surface water classification procedures achieved via Google Earth Engine, manual digitizing, and modeling of planned/proposed dams based on a DEM and the location and planned height of dams. A quality assurance step ensures that all polygons conform to spatial data quality standards agreed upon by a wide range of production partners. When complete, the dataset will be made publicly available to encourage greater understanding and more informed decisions related to the actual and potential impacts of dams in the region.

  7. The Three Gorges Dam Affects Regional Precipitation (United States)

    Wu, Liguang; Zhang, Qiang; Jiang, Zhihong


    Issues regarding building large-scale dams as a solution to power generation and flood control problems have been widely discussed by both natural and social scientists from various disciplines, as well as the policy-makers and public. Since the Chinese government officially approved the Three Gorges Dam (TGD) projects, this largest hydroelectric project in the world has drawn a lot of debates ranging from its social and economic to climatic impacts. The TGD has been partially in use since June 2003. The impact of the TGD is examined through analysis of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) rainfall rate and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) land surface temperature and high-resolution simulation using the Pennsylvania State University-National Center for Atmospheric Research (PSU-NCAR) fifth-generation Mesoscale Model (MM5). The independent satellite data sets and numerical simulation clearly indicate that the land use change associated with the TGD construction has increased the precipitation in the region between Daba and Qinling mountains and reduced the precipitation in the vicinity of the TGD after the TGD water level abruptly rose from 66 to 135 m in June 2003. This study suggests that the climatic effect of the TGD is on the regional scale (approx.100 km) rather than on the local scale (approx.10 km) as projected in previous studies.

  8. 75 FR 34476 - Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group (United States)


    ... Bureau of Reclamation Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation... Interior (Secretary) is renewing the charter for the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group. The purpose of the Adaptive Management Work Group is to advise and to provide recommendations to the Secretary...

  9. 21 CFR 872.6300 - Rubber dam and accessories. (United States)


    ...) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6300 Rubber dam and accessories. (a) Identification. A rubber dam and accessories is a device composed of a thin sheet of latex with a hole in the... cavity preparation. The device is stretched around a tooth by inserting a tooth through a hole in the...

  10. Major Dams of the United States - Direct Download (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer portrays major dams of the United States, including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The map layer was created by extracting dams 50 feet or...

  11. Damming Tropical Island Streams: Problems, Solutions, and Alternatives. (United States)



    The combination of human population growth, increased water usage, and limited groundwater resources often leads to extensive damming of rivers and streams on tropical islands. Ecological effects of dams on tropical islands can be dramatic, because the vast majority of native stream faunas (fishes, shrimps, and snails) migrate between freshwater and saltwater during...

  12. Iterative analysis of concrete gravity dam-nonlinear foundation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Keywords: Concrete gravity dam; dam-foundation interaction; iterative algorithm; Duncan-Chang model; viscous dashpots. 1. Introduction. Considerable research has been conducted on the subject of dynamic analysis of structure-foundation system. The various numerical methods developed for the analysis of dynamic ...

  13. 76 FR 24516 - Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group (United States)


    ... Bureau of Reclamation Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: The Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group...-575) of 1992. The AMP includes a Federal advisory committee, the AMWG, a technical work group (TWG), a...

  14. 78 FR 21415 - Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group (United States)


    ... Bureau of Reclamation Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: The Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group..., the AMWG, a technical work group, a Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center, and independent...

  15. 78 FR 7810 - Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group (United States)


    ... Bureau of Reclamation Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: The Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group.... L. 102-575) of 1992. The AMP includes a Federal advisory committee, the AMWG, a technical work group...

  16. 77 FR 9265 - Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group (United States)


    ... Bureau of Reclamation Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: The Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group... Federal advisory committee, the AMWG, a technical work group (TWG), a Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research...


    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Jan 15, 2015 ... We consider that frequency of the month rainfall of the order of P=75% may well ensure a minor risk towards the need of irrigation. *DETERMINATION OF LOSS OF WATER IN DAM. It was agreed to consider that the losses of water in dam are evaporative losses ev. P , from the plan of water and filtration fil.

  18. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and Ethiopia's Succession ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... change in the pertinence of the norms of international law nor to any altruistic revision of positions in the lower reaches of the river, but rather to its belated awakening in pursuing the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) as a national project of multifarious impact. Key terms: The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, ...

  19. Walden North Dam overtopping : emergency response and rehabilitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dyer, S. [FortisBC Inc., South Slocan, BC (Canada); McCreanor, J. [Acres International Ltd., Calgary, AB (Canada); Cronin, D.L.R.; Daw, D. [Acres International Ltd., Vancouver, BC (Canada)


    This paper described the events that led to the overtopping of the Walden North Dam during a heavy rainfall in June 2002, resulting in a breach around an abutment wall. The dam is part of a run-of-river hydro development on Cayoosh Creek near Lillooet, British Columbia. The Walden North Dam was a low, 46 meter wide concrete dam with a single radial gate. The dam overtopping was attributed to failure of the radial gate hoist. Prior to this event, the dam had been classified by the British Columbia Dam Safety Authorities as a high and then a low consequence category of failure. As facility managers, Aquila Networks Canada Ltd. established an immediate action plan to stabilize the situation and resume normal power production by applying the following priorities: (1) ensure safety of workers and the public, (2) limit further damage to the dam and other facilities, (3) ensure environmental protection, and (4) continue to operate the generation units. Local authorities were informed to evacuate a downstream campsite and environmental agencies were contacted along with safety regulators. Repairs included demolition of the damaged portion of the structure and construction a new two-bay gate/stoplog spillway and bridge. Construction was completed by September 2003 according to the requirements of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans for minimum flow, accurate control of fish flows and environmental monitoring of the stream area. 10 figs.

  20. Evaluation of flora diversity and abundance in Awba Dam Tourism ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The site is rich in flora diversity; a potential for ecotourism development. Much of the reservoir area were overgrown with invasive hydro-flora species suggesting need for effective management and conservation of the flora resources as well as the touristic capacity of Awba dam tourism centre. Keywords: Awba dam tourism ...

  1. Measures of struggle against appearance of cracks in earth dams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibraeva Yulia


    Full Text Available The article describes a method calculation of the basic parameters of the transverse rows of pile of simple printed or precast dam. As well, in this article have been shown all the necessary formulas for this calculation and have been proposed solutions to prevent cracking in the dams.

  2. Estimation of permanent displacements of the Tehri dam in the ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The objective of this paper is to estimate permanent displacements of Tehri dam due to an earthquake of magnitude M w = 8 · 5 , the occurrence of which has a high probability in the region, and for an earthquake of magnitude M w = 7 · 0 , for which the dam has been currently designed. A two-dimensional finite element ...

  3. Effectiveness of inactivation of foodborne pathogens during simulated home pan frying of steak, hamburger or meat strips. (United States)

    Lahou, Evy; Wang, Xiang; De Boeck, Elien; Verguldt, Elien; Geeraerd, Annemie; Devlieghere, Frank; Uyttendaele, Mieke


    In order to evaluate the effect of simulated home pan frying of raw meat and meat preparations of different animal species on the thermal inactivation of pathogens, the heat resistance (D-value) of three strains of Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella spp., Listeria monocytogenes and two strains of generic E. coli was validated in BHI and adjusted BHI (i.e. pH5.6 and 1.5% NaCl) at 60°C. The D-values were obtained of the linear phase of the survivor curves created in GInaFiT, a freeware tool to fit models to experimental data. The obtained D-values corresponded to those previously published in literature and confirmed L. monocytogenes to be the most heat resistant pathogen among them. Heat treatment in adjusted BHI significantly increased heat-resistance of E. coli O157:H7 and generic E. coli. Subsequently, the thermal inactivation of L. monocytogenes, Salmonella spp., C. jejuni and E. coli O157:H7 was evaluated using a standardized procedure simulating commonly used home pan frying of various types of meat including steaks or filets, hamburgers and meat strips from various animal species such as pork, beef, chicken, lamb and some turkey, horse, kangaroo and crocodile meat. Corresponding F70-values were calculated based upon measured core time/temperature profiles. It was noted that a core temperature of 70 °C was not always achieved and, moreover, a heat treatment equivalent to 2 min at 70 °C was also not always obtained. This was in particular noted in hamburgers although the meat was visually judged well done. On several occasions, residual survivors of the initial inoculated (4 logCFU/g) food borne pathogens could be recovered either by enumeration (limit of detection 1 logCFU/g) or by the presence/absence testing per 25 g. Pan frying of hamburgers yielded the highest number of surviving pathogenic bacteria (46%), followed by well-done filets and steaks (13%) and meat strips (12%). Taking only steaks (beef, horse, kangaroo, crocodile and


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available A recuperação das proteínas de pescado, de espécies de baixo valor comercial ou de subprodutos de sua industrialização, constitui-se em ma alternativa promissora para a elaboração de produtos alimentícios de alta qualidade nutricional e economicamente viáveis. O objetivo deste trabalho foi obter uma Base-Protéica-de-Pescado (BPP que permitisse elaborar hambúrgueres com diferentes sabores. Pela disponibilidade e baixo custo de matéria-prima foi utilizada a pescada (Cynoscion striatus. A parte comestível, essencialmente músculo, foi submetida a sucessivas lavagens para retirar matéria solúvel e odores característicos, controlando-se as variáveis: solvente, soluto/solvente, tempo, temperatura, regime de agitação e número de ciclos de lavagens. A matéria-prima e BPP foram caracterizadas pelas propriedades físico-químicas e microbiológicas. O tratamento estatístico dos resultados, mediante modelo fatorial, permitiu verificar que é possível obter uma BPP, principalmente sem o sabor e odor característico do pescado, utilizando uma parte de soluto para cada duas de solvente, independente do tempo do ciclo de lavagens. A BPP foi utilizada para elaborar seis diferentes tipos de hambúrgueres e, mediante avaliação sensorial, utilizando escala hedônica para sabor, ficou evidenciada a aceitação de todos esses produtos não havendo preferência por um específico. Os resultados experimentais levam a concluir que a BPP, obtida a partir da pescada, pode ser utilizada na elaboração de hambúrgueres com bons atributos sensoriais e nutricionais.The utilization of fish protein, from species of low commercial value or subproducts of industrialization, became a promising alternative for the food products development with high nutritive quality and economically feasible. The goal of this work was to obtain a Fish Protein Base (FPB wich allowed preparation of different flavors of hamburgers. Whting Cynoscion striatu was used, due to

  5. Mortality and life expectancy of professional fire fighters in Hamburg, Germany: a cohort study 1950 – 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peschke Michel


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The healthy worker effect may hide adverse health effects in hazardous jobs, especially those where physical fitness is required. Fire fighters may serve as a good example because they sometimes are severely exposed to hazardous substances while on the other hand their physical fitness and their strong health surveillance by far exceeds that of comparable persons from the general population. Methods To study this effect a historic cohort study was conducted to assess mortality and life expectancy of professional fire fighters of the City of Hamburg, Germany. Fire departments and trade unions questioned the validity of existing studies from outside Germany because of specific differences in the professional career. No mortality study had been conducted so far in Germany and only few in Europe. Information on all active and retired fire fighters was extracted from personnel records. To assure completeness of data the cohort was restricted to all fire fighters being active on January 1, 1950 or later. Follow up of the cohort ended on June 30th 2000. Vital status was assessed by personnel records, pension fund records and the German residence registries. Mortality of fire fighters was compared to mortality of the Hamburg and German male population by means of standardized mortality ratios. Life expectancy was calculated using life table analysis. Multivariate proportional hazard models were used to assess the effect of seniority, time from first employment, and other occupational characteristics on mortality. Results The cohort consists of 4640 fire fighters accumulating 111796 person years. Vital status could be determined for 98.2% of the cohort. By the end of follow up 1052 person were deceased. Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR for the total cohort was 0.79 (95% CI, 0.74–0.84 compared to Hamburg reference data and 0.78 (95% CI, 0.74–0.83 compared to National German reference data. Conditional life expectancy of a 30 year

  6. Vom "vorklinischen Studienabschnitt" zu "Medizin I" [The new pre-clinical curriculum "Medicine I" at Hamburg Medical School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuhnigk, Olaf


    Full Text Available [english] A revision of the educational law (ÄAppO in Germany requires major reorganization of the curricula since 2002. Hamburg Medical Faculty introduced interdisciplinary education into the pre-clinical education integrating case-based and problem-based theoretical knowledge of medical preclinical subjects with practical skills. For this curricular change an independent curriculum committee was established by the faculty board. Reformation was carried out in close cooperation of the departments of medical science and basic science and was accompanied by a central evaluation organized by the office of the vice-dean of education. Curriculum contents were distributed on the basis of an interdisciplinary learning spiral with horizontal and vertical connections of basic and medical science subjects. Basic sciences are strictly focussed on medically relevant topics as required by the new ÄAppO. Case-based learning has become the major focus during "Integrated seminars" where small group discussions, self-studies, essays, and short reports form the basis for modern didactics. Electives are offered on the basis of the research profiles determined by the medical basic sciences. Training of basic medical skills is offered during the course "Introduction to clinical medicine". Students´ parcours through the curriculum are analysed by regular feedback meetings and followed by a computer programme. For better management of information the internet homepage of Hamburg medical faculty was reorganized. Positive results of evaluation and exams confirm a successful reform of the pre-clinical curriculum. [german] Die neue Approbationsordnung für Ärzte (ÄAppO stellt die Universitäten seit 2002 vor die Aufgabe einer weit reichenden Umstrukturierung des Medizinstudiums. An der Medizinischen Fakultät in Hamburg erfolgte die Einführung einer fächerübergreifenden Ausbildung, die an den medizinischen Grundlagenfächern orientiert fallbasiert und

  7. The Political Ecology of Chinese Large Dams in Cambodia: Implications, Challenges and Lessons Learnt from the Kamchay Dam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppina Siciliano


    Full Text Available Given the opportunities offered by foreign investment in energy infrastructure mostly by Chinese firms, the Government of Cambodia is giving high priority to developing hydropower resources for reducing energy poverty and powering economic growth. Using a “Political ecology of the Asian drivers” framework, this paper assesses China’s involvement in the development of large dams’ in Cambodia and its impacts on the access of natural resources such as water and energy by dam builders, local communities and the government. This analysis is based on 61 interviews and 10 focus group discussions with affected communities, institutional actors, Chinese dam builders and financiers in relation to the first large Chinese dam built in Cambodia: the Kamchay dam. Based on the results of the analysis this paper makes recommendations on how to improve the planning, implementation and governance of future large dams in Cambodia.

  8. [The Hamburg-model of integrated care for patients with psychosis: Part 2. Results of the clinical course over 2- and 4-years of treatment]. (United States)

    Karow, Anne; Bock, Thomas; Daubmann, Anne; Meigel-Schleiff, Christina; Lange, Benjamin; Lange, Matthias; Ohm, Gunda; Bussopulos, Alexandra; Frieling, Marietta; Golks, Dietmar; Kerstan, Andrea; König, Hans-Helmut; Nika, Lia; Lange, Matthias; Ruppelt, Friederike; Schödlbauer, Michael; Schöttle, Daniel; Sauerbier, Anne-Lena; Rietschel, Liz; Wegscheider, Karl; Wiedemann, Klaus; Schimmelmann, Benno G; Naber, Dieter; Lambert, Martin


    Since the beginning of the integrated care model for severely ill patients with psychotic disorders ("Hamburg model") in 2007 different clinical parameters have been consecutively assessed within a naturalistic, observational, prospective study. Clinical outcome of the 2-year and 4-year follow-ups of n = 158 patients. A significant and ongoing improvement of psychopathology, severity of illness, functional outcome, quality of life and satisfaction with care in this sample of severely ill and merely chronic patients with psychosis was shown. Moreover, medication adherence improved and quality and quantity of outpatient treatment increased. The ongoing psychosocial stabilisation of the patients most likely result from a combination of various factors: continuity of care, multimodal and individualized care, therapeutic specialisation and the multidisciplinary ACT team. RESULTS provide clinical and scientific evidence for future implementations of the integrated care model "Hamburg Model" for the treatment of psychosis. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  9. Gelingende Integration? Anmerkungen zur Studie von D. Katzenbach u.a. uber den Hamburger Schulversuch "Integrative Grundschule" in ZfPad. 45 (1999), S. 567-590 (Successful Integration? Remarks on the Study by D. Katzenbach et al. on the Hamburg School Experiment "Integrative Elementary School" in ZfPad. 45 (1999), S. 567-590). (United States)

    Roeder, Peter Martin


    Critiques two normative premises that guide the researchers' interpretation of results from the Hamburg School Experiment, an empirical study that focused on mainstreaming elementary students diagnosed as needing special education: (1) integrating these children in normal classrooms is legitimated; and (2) social integration should not preclude…

  10. Stability of earth dam with a vertical core

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orekhov Vyacheslav Valentinovich


    Full Text Available Earth dam with impervious element in the form of asphaltic concrete core is currently the most promising type of earth dams (due to simple construction technology and universal service properties of asphaltic concrete and is widely used in the world. However, experience in the construction and operation of high dams (above 160 m is not available, and their work is scarcely explored. In this regard, the paper discusses the results of computational prediction of the stress-strain state and stability of a high earth dam (256 m high with the core. The authors considered asphaltic concrete containing 7 % of bitumen as the material of the core. Gravel was considered as the material of resistant prisms. Design characteristics of the rolled asphaltic concrete and gravel were obtained from the processing of the results of triaxial tests. The calculations were performed using finite element method in elastoplastic formulation and basing on the phased construction of the dam and reservoir filling. The research shows, that the work of embankment dam with vertical core during filling of the reservoir is characterized by horizontal displacement of the lower resistant prism in the tailrace and the formation of a hard wedge prism descending along the core in the upper resistant prism. The key issue of the safety assessment is to determine the safety factor of the overall stability of the dam, for calculation of which the destruction of the earth dam is necessary, which can be done by reducing the strength properties of the dam materials. As a results of the calculations, the destruction of the dam occurs with a decrease in the strength characteristics of the materials of the dam by 2.5 times. The dam stability depends on the stability of the lower resistant prism. The destruction of its slope occurs on the classical circular-cylindrical surface. The presence of a potential collapse surface in the upper resistant prism (on the edges of the descending wedge does

  11. Determination of fat content in chicken hamburgers using NIR spectroscopy and the Successive Projections Algorithm for interval selection in PLS regression (iSPA-PLS) (United States)

    Krepper, Gabriela; Romeo, Florencia; Fernandes, David Douglas de Sousa; Diniz, Paulo Henrique Gonçalves Dias; de Araújo, Mário César Ugulino; Di Nezio, María Susana; Pistonesi, Marcelo Fabián; Centurión, María Eugenia


    Determining fat content in hamburgers is very important to minimize or control the negative effects of fat on human health, effects such as cardiovascular diseases and obesity, which are caused by the high consumption of saturated fatty acids and cholesterol. This study proposed an alternative analytical method based on Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR) and Successive Projections Algorithm for interval selection in Partial Least Squares regression (iSPA-PLS) for fat content determination in commercial chicken hamburgers. For this, 70 hamburger samples with a fat content ranging from 14.27 to 32.12 mg kg- 1 were prepared based on the upper limit recommended by the Argentinean Food Codex, which is 20% (w w- 1). NIR spectra were then recorded and then preprocessed by applying different approaches: base line correction, SNV, MSC, and Savitzky-Golay smoothing. For comparison, full-spectrum PLS and the Interval PLS are also used. The best performance for the prediction set was obtained for the first derivative Savitzky-Golay smoothing with a second-order polynomial and window size of 19 points, achieving a coefficient of correlation of 0.94, RMSEP of 1.59 mg kg- 1, REP of 7.69% and RPD of 3.02. The proposed methodology represents an excellent alternative to the conventional Soxhlet extraction method, since waste generation is avoided, yet without the use of either chemical reagents or solvents, which follows the primary principles of Green Chemistry. The new method was successfully applied to chicken hamburger analysis, and the results agreed with those with reference values at a 95% confidence level, making it very attractive for routine analysis.

  12. Reliabilität des Hamburger Auswahlverfahrens für Medizinische Studiengänge, Naturwissenschaftsteil (HAM-Nat [Reliability of a science admission test (HAM-Nat at Hamburg medical school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hissbach, Johanna


    Full Text Available [english] Objective: The University Hospital in Hamburg (UKE started to develop a test of knowledge in natural sciences for admission to medical school in 2005 (Hamburger Auswahlverfahren für Medizinische Studiengänge, Naturwissenschaftsteil, HAM-Nat. This study is a step towards establishing the HAM-Nat. We are investigating Methods: 316 first-year students participated in the study in 2007. They completed different versions of the HAM-Nat test which consisted of items that had already been used (HN2006 and new items (HN2007. Four weeks later half of the participants were tested on the HN2007 version of the HAM-Nat again, while the other half completed the test of scientific reasoning. Within this four week interval students were offered a five day chemistry course.Results: Parallel forms reliability for four different test versions ranged from r=.53 to r=.67. The retest reliabilities of the HN2007 halves were r=.54 and r=.61. Correlations of the two HAM-Nat versions with the test of scientific reasoning were r=.34 und r=.21. The crash course in chemistry had no effect on HAM-Nat scores.Conclusions: The results suggest that further versions of the test of natural sciences will not easily conform to the standards of internal consistency, parallel-forms reliability and retest reliability. Much care has to be taken in order to assemble items which could be used interchangeably for the construction of new test versions. The test of scientific reasoning and the HAM-Nat are tapping different constructs. Participation in a chemistry course did not improve students’ achievement, probably because the content of the course was not coordinated with the test and many students lacked of motivation to do well in the second test.[german] Ziele: Die Universität Hamburg hat im Jahr 2005 begonnen, einen Naturwissenschaftstest zur Auswahl von Studienbewerbern zu entwickeln (Hamburger Auswahlverfahren für Medizinische Studiengänge, Naturwissenschaftsteil

  13. Neotectonics of the Vajont dam site (United States)

    Mantovani, Franco; Vita-Finzi, Claudio


    The disastrous Vajont landslide (NE Italy) of 9 October 1963 is generally thought to have occurred on an existing failure surface. Reassessment of the morphological and structural evidence suggests that movement was on a normal fault plane which had juxtaposed Cretaceous limestone and highly fractured rock debris, thus rendering the dam site unusually susceptible to massive sliding. The proposed fault is consistent in strike with the regional lineament pattern. Although movement was triggered by the combined effects of heavy rainfall and changes in reservoir level, there is circumstantial evidence that seismicity played a contributory part in mobilising the slide by increasing pore pressure at the base of the slide as well as by any associated shaking.

  14. Influence of Diet on the Proteome of Drosophila Melanogaster as Assessed by Two-Dimensional Gel Electrophoresis and Capillary Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry: The Hamburger Effect Revisited (United States)

    Culwell, Thomas F.; Thulin, Craig D.; Merrell, Karen J.; Graves, Steven W.


    Proteomic biomarker discovery has been called into question. Diamandis hypothesized that seemingly trivial factors, such as eating a hamburger, may cause sufficient proteomic change as to confound proteomic differences. This has been termed the hamburger effect. Little is known about the variability of complex proteomes in response to the environment. Two methods—two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DGE) and capillary liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LCMS)—were used to study the hamburger effect in two cross-sections of the soluble fruit fly proteome. 2DGE measured abundant proteins, whereas LCMS measured small proteins and peptides. Proteomic differences between males and females were first evaluated to assess the discriminatory capability of the methods. Likewise, wild-type and white-eyed flies were analyzed as a further demonstration that genetically based proteomic differences could be observed above the background analytical variation. Then dietary interventions were imposed. Ethanol was added to the diet of some populations without significant proteomic effect. However, after a 24-h fast, proteomic differences were found using LCMS but not 2DGE. Even so, only three of ~1000 molecular species were altered significantly, suggesting that the influence of even an extreme diet change produced only modest proteomic variability, and that much of the fruit fly proteome remains relatively constant in response to diet. These experiments suggest that proteomics can be a viable approach to biomarker discovery. PMID:19137114

  15. Establishing baseline biodiversity data prior to hydroelectric dam construction to monitoring impacts to bats in the Brazilian Amazon. (United States)

    Bobrowiec, Paulo Estefano D; Tavares, Valéria da Cunha


    The modification of Amazonian rivers by the construction of megaprojects of hydroelectric dams has widely increased over the last decade. Robust monitoring programs have been rarely conducted prior to the establishment of dams to measure to what extent the fauna, and its associated habitats may be affected by upcoming impacts. Using bats as models, we performed analyses throughout the area under the influence of the Santo Antônio hydroelectric dam, Southwestern Brazilian Amazonia before its construction to estimate how the fauna and its associated habitats would be affected by the upcoming impacts. We surveyed bats in 49 plots distributed along the areas going to be inundated by the dam and those remaining dry. As predictors for the species distribution, we tested the variables of vegetation structure and topography. Species composition largely differed between the dry plots and the plots located in areas that will be flooded, and this was strongly associated with the variables of forest basal area and elevation. Vegetation-related variables also had strong influence on the guilds distribution. The flooding of lower elevations areas is expected to negatively affect the species number and abundance of frugivorous species. In contrast, it is likely that animalivores will be less vulnerable to dam-induced flooding, since they were abundant in the areas not expect to be inundated. We urge for the implementation of studies to predict impacts caused by large hydroelectric dams, including tests of the influence of the local conditions that shape diversity to avoid massive losses of the biota, and to build preventive monitoring and management actions.

  16. Verifying Pressure of Water on Dams, a Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Temel Bayrak


    Full Text Available Sensing and monitoring deformation pattern of dams is often one of the most effective ways to understand their safety status. The main objective of the present study is to find the extent to which rising reservoir level affects the mechanism of deformation of the Yamula dam under certain changes in the reservoir level conditions during the first filling period. A new dynamic deformation analysis technique was developed to analyze four geodetic monitoring records consisting of vertical and horizontal displacements of nine object points established on the dam and six reference points surrounding it, to see whether the rising reservoir level is responsible for the vertical and horizontal deformations during the first filling period. The largest displacements were determined in the middle points of the dam construction. There is an apparent linear relationship between the dam subsidence and the reservoir level. The dynamic deformation model was developed to model this situation. The model infers a causative relationship between the reservoir level and the dam deformations. The analysis of the results determines the degree of the correlation between the change in the reservoir level and the observed structural deformation of the dam.

  17. Environmental and dam effects on cannibalism in Wistar rat litters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graziela Tarôco


    Full Text Available The factors related to cannibalistic behavior of dams in a Wistar rat colony are identified and analyzed. The maternal genetic effects were tested as a random effect by the method of generalized linear models. The season at parturition, the dam´s age at parturition and the density of the room at parturition were tested as fixed effects, whereas the litter size at birth was tested as a co-variable. The genetic effect of the dam was significant for the number of cannibalized pups. Although the season at parturition, the dam´s age and room density on the day of parturition were not individually significant (p > 0.05, most of the interactions between the variation sources were significant (p < 0.05. Cannibalism occurred mostly in dams aged over 241 days, with parturition during spring. So that occurrences of cannibalism could be avoided, dams with the smallest number of cannibalized pups should be selected, coupled to dams younger than 241 days, breeding during spring. The above strategies may reduce the number of couples in the vivarium and increase their production efficiency.

  18. Responses of riparian reptile communities to damming and urbanization (United States)

    Hunt, Stephanie D.; Guzy, Jacquelyn C.; Price, Steven J.; Halstead, Brian J.; Eskew, Evan A.; Dorcas, Michael E.


    Various anthropogenic pressures, including habitat loss, threaten reptile populations worldwide. Riparian zones are critical habitat for many reptile species, but these habitats are also frequently modified by anthropogenic activities. Our study investigated the effects of two riparian habitat modifications-damming and urbanization-on overall and species-specific reptile occupancy patterns. We used time-constrained search techniques to compile encounter histories for 28 reptile species at 21 different sites along the Broad and Pacolet Rivers of South Carolina. Using a hierarchical Bayesian analysis, we modeled reptile occupancy responses to a site's distance upstream from dam, distance downstream from dam, and percent urban land use. The mean occupancy response by the reptile community indicated that reptile occupancy and species richness were maximized when sites were farther upstream from dams. Species-specific occupancy estimates showed a similar trend of lower occupancy immediately upstream from dams. Although the mean occupancy response of the reptile community was positively related to distance downstream from dams, the occupancy response to distance downstream varied among species. Percent urban land use had little effect on the occupancy response of the reptile community or individual species. Our results indicate that the conditions of impoundments and subsequent degradation of the riparian zones upstream from dams may not provide suitable habitat for a number of reptile species.

  19. Daily Water Quality Forecasting System Linking Weather, Watersheds, Rivers and Dam Reservoirs Based On Numerical Simulations (United States)

    Byun, C. Y.; Lee, S. J.; Oh, S. S.; Hwang, H. S.; Kim, H. S.


    Many large dam reservoirs and rivers, which are the most important water resources in Korea, are under increased pressure from various environmental issues, including an excessive growth of phytoplanktons(algae) because of eutrophication and long-term impact of turbid water on the water supply system after flood events. However most of organizations managing water quality respond to these problems after turbid water or algal blooms happen. But nowadays Korea Water Resources Corporation(K-water) has been upgrading its water quality management system to establish a predictive and preventive management paradigm not only in dam reservoirs but also in rivers and watersheds. For these, K-water has been setting up water quality forecasting systems using 3-dimensional hydrodynamic water quality model ELCOM-CAEDYM to all reservoirs, HSPF(Hydrological Simulation Program Fortran) to 4 watersheds and CE-QUAL-W2 to 4 main rivers in Korean Peninsula. For efficient operation and real time water quality modeling of 3 different models, K-water have also developed integrated software and centralized simulation hardware machines which run all models, link all in- and output together and visualizes results every day. With systems, K-water has been forecasting water quality of all reservoirs and rivers according to 5 days weather forecasting results and applying to predict the water quality changes in dams, rivers and watersheds in advance according to operation rule changes and climate changes.

  20. Evaluation of spatio-temporal variability of Hamburg Aerosol Climatology against aerosol datasets from MODIS and CALIOP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Pappas


    Full Text Available The new global aerosol climatology named HAC (Hamburg Aerosol Climatology is compared against MODIS (Collection 5, 2000–2007 and CALIOP (Level 2-version 3, 2006–2011 retrievals. The comparison of aerosol optical depth (AOD from HAC against MODIS shows larger HAC AOD values over regions with higher aerosol loads and smaller HAC AOD values than MODIS for regions with lower loads. The HAC data are found to be more reliable over land and for low AOD values. The largest differences between HAC and MODIS occur from March to August for the Northern Hemisphere and from September to February for the Southern Hemisphere. In addition, both the spectral variability and vertical distribution of the HAC AOD are examined at selected AERONET (1998–2007 sites, representative of main aerosol types (pollutants, sea salt, biomass and dust. Based on comparisons against spectral AOD values from AERONET, the mean absolute percentage error in HAC AOD data is 25% at ultraviolet wavelengths (400 nm, 6–12% at visible and 18% at near-infrared (1000 nm. For the same AERONET sites, the HAC AOD vertical distribution is compared against CALIOP space lidar data. On a daily average basis, HAD AOD is less by 9% in the lowest 3 km than CALIOP values, especially for sites with biomass burning smoke, desert dust and sea salt spray. Above the boundary layer, the HAC AOD vertical distribution is reliable.

  1. [Aviation fuels and aircraft emissions. A risk characterization for airport neighbors using Hamburg Airport as an example]. (United States)

    Tesseraux, I; Mach, B; Koss, G


    Aviation fuels are well characterised regarding their physical and chemical properties. Health effects of fuel vapours and of liquid fuel are described after occupational exposure and in animal studies. Exposure of the general population (airport visitors and people living in the vicinity of airports) may occur during fuel supply particularly in warm summers (odour). Aircraft emissions vary with the engine type and the kind of fuel. Combustion of aviation fuel results in CO2, H2O, CO, C, NOx and a great number of organic compounds. Among the emitted polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) no compound characteristic for jet engines (tracer) could be detected so far. Hardly any data exist on the toxicology of jet engine emissions. According to analyses of their chemical composition, however, they contain various toxicologically relevant compounds including carcinogenic substances. Measurements in ambient air around the Hamburg Airport show no elevated pollutant levels. However, no such data exist on aldehydes, black smoke or fine particles. Annoying odours have been stated in some areas around the airport, which were mainly attributed to the aircraft engine emissions rather than to fuel vapours.

  2. [Acute injuries in road bicycle racing. Injury surveillance at the Hamburg UCI ProTour"Cyclassics" 2006]. (United States)

    Ueblacker, P; Rathmann, W; Rueger, J M; Püschel, K


    Few data on risks and injury patterns of road cycling events are available. The aim of our study was to evaluate all injured participants in the 2006 Hamburg "Cyclassics". Injuries of the 182 professional and 18,788 recreational participants were registered with the help of the emergency medical services, the promoter and the hospitals. A total of 193 injuries were registered in 70 participants; the mean age was 44 years (range: 19-72). The injury rate amounted to 0.37%. Extremities were affected in 94.4%, and 32 fractures were registered. The MAIS amounted to 1.34+/-0.73 (range: 1-4), and the mean ISS was 2.86 +/- 3.61 (range: 1-20). The region affected most frequently was the shoulder girdle. Of the participants, 10% sustained serious injuries (AIS> or =3), which were significantly more frequent in women than in men (p<0.01). Based on 100,000 km most accidents occurred in the 55-km distance (p<0.01); 84.4% of the accidents occurred in groups. The mean speed at the time of the crash was 37.3 km/h (range: 0-57). In conclusion, accidents were more likely to occur in inexperienced drivers, in the shortest distance, with straight conditions and in well-known dangerous areas.

  3. Did the International ALPPS Meeting 2015 Have an Impact on Daily Practice? The Hamburg Barmbek Experience of 58 Cases. (United States)

    Stavrou, Gregor A; Donati, Marcello; Fard-Aghaie, Mohammad H; Zeile, Martin; Huber, Tessa M; Stang, Axel; Oldhafer, Karl J


    ALPPS (associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy) was introduced only 10 years ago and has gained wide acceptance as a variation of staged procedures in liver surgery. It has been criticized for its high morbidity and mortality, which all centers reported in their initial series. After a world expert meeting in Hamburg in 2015 where all experts in the field met to discuss this method, caveats were extracted and formulated. We researched our complete prospective ALPPS database to see if the recommendations had any impact on outcome. In total, we performed 58 ALPPS procedures in our center. 33 patients were operated on before, 25 after the meeting. Results in terms of morbidity and mortality were significantly better after the meeting, as were patient selection and strategy. In our own center's experience, the implementation of the meetings' recommendations and the information gathered through this valuable exchange had a dramatic impact on results. Having performed 58 ALPPS procedures in total, we can now conclude that ALPPS has become much safer in our hands since the 2015 meeting and that morbidity and mortality are no longer the issue to be discussed. Future research must focus on oncologic outcomes in these patients.

  4. Hydraulic characteristics and dynamics of beaver dams in a Midwestern U.S. agricultural waershed (United States)

    M.C. McCullough; D.E. Eisenhauer; M.G. Dosskey; D.M. Admiraal


    Populations of Noth America beaver (castor canadensis) have increased in the past decades throughout the Midwestern U.S., leading to an increase in the frequency of beaver dams in small streams. Beaver dams form ponds and slow water velocity. Multiple dams create a stair-step effect on the water surface profile. The hydraulic and geomorphic influence of beaver dams on...

  5. Management of agro-pastoral dams in Benin: stakeholders, institutions and rehabilitation research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kpéra, G.N.; Aarts, N.; Saïdou, A.; Tossou, R.C.; Eilers, C.H.A.M.; Mensah, G.A.; Sinsin, B.A.; Kossou, D.K.; van der Zijpp, A.J.


    Agro-pastoral dams are waterholes constructed to provide water for livestock and for agricultural development. In Benin, agro-pastoral dams are managed by dam management committees. This study seeks to (1) characterize the stakeholders involved in agro-pastoral dam use and management, (2) identify

  6. Management of agro-pastoral dams in Benin: Stakeholders, institutions and rehabilitation research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kpera, G.N.; Aarts, N.; Saidou, A.; Tossou, R.C.; Eilers, C.H.A.M.; Mensah, G.A.; Sinsin, B.; Kossou, D.K.; Zijpp, van der A.J.


    Agro-pastoral dams are waterholes constructed to provide water for livestock and for agricultural development. In Benin, agro-pastoral dams are managed by dam management committees. This study seeks to (1) characterize the stakeholders involved in agro-pastoral dam use and management, (2) identify

  7. Linking Three Gorges Dam and downstream hydrological regimes along the Yangtze River, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mei, X.; Dai, Z.; Van Gelder, P.H.A.J.M.; Gao, J.


    The magnitude of anthropogenic influence, especially dam regulation, on hydrological system is of scientific and practical value for large river management. As the largest dam in the world by far, Three Gorges Dam (TGD) is expected to be a strong evidence on dam impacts on downstream hydrological

  8. Route-Specific Passage Proportions and Survival Rates for Fish Passing through John Day Dam, The Dalles Dam, and Bonneville Dam in 2010 and 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ploskey, Gene R.; Weiland, Mark A.; Carlson, Thomas J.


    This report fulfills a request of the U.S. Army Engineer District, Portland, Oregon, to produce an interim report of estimates of route-specific fish passage proportions and survival rates for lower Columbia River dams in 2010 and 2011. The estimates are needed to update the Compass Model for the Columbia River Treaty and the new Biological Opinion before detail technical reports are published in late 2012. This report tabulates route-specific fish-passage proportions and survival rates for steelhead and Chinook salmon smolts passing through various sampled routes at John Day Dam, The Dalles Dam, and Bonneville Dam in 2010 and 2011. Results were compiled from analyses of data acquired in spring 2010 and 2011 studies that were specifically designed to estimate dam-passage and forebay-to-tailrace survival rates, travel time metrics, and spill passage efficiency, as stipulated by the 2008 Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion and the Columbia Basin Fish Accords. The study designs allowed for estimation of route-specific fish passage proportions and survival rates as well as estimation of forebay-passage survival, all of which are summarized herein.

  9. Global perturbation of organic carbon cycling by river damming (United States)

    Maavara, Taylor; Lauerwald, Ronny; Regnier, Pierre; van Cappellen, Philippe


    The damming of rivers represents one of the most far-reaching human modifications of the flows of water and associated matter from land to sea. Dam reservoirs are hotspots of sediment accumulation, primary productivity (P) and carbon mineralization (R) along the river continuum. Here we show that for the period 1970-2030, global carbon mineralization in reservoirs exceeds carbon fixation (Pchanging age distribution of dams. We further estimate that at the start of the twenty-first century, in-reservoir burial plus mineralization eliminated 4.0+/-0.9 Tmol per year (48+/-11 Tg C per year) or 13% of total organic carbon (OC) carried by rivers to the oceans. Because of the ongoing boom in dam building, in particular in emerging economies, this value could rise to 6.9+/-1.5 Tmol per year (83+/-18 Tg C per year) or 19% by 2030.

  10. Elwha Master Datafile - Elwha dam removal neashore monitoring (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Removal of two dams on the Elwha River, Washington will help restore natural sediment processes to the coastal environment near the river mouth. We are interested in...

  11. Eutrophication levels of some South African impoundments III. Roodeplaat Dam

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Steyn, DJ


    Full Text Available . The purpose of the study was to determine the present eutrophication status of Roodeplaat dam and the effect of either increased discharges of secondary treated sewage effluents....

  12. Determination of trophic situation of Sarimsakli Dam Lake (Kayseri ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    msakl. Dam Lake from May 2001 to June 2002 monthly to determine the trophic situation of lake. Additionally, physical parameters of water such as temperature, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity (EC), pH, light permeability were measured in ...

  13. Dam Failure Effects on Local/Regional Critical Infrastructures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pîrvuleţu Marius-Eugen


    Full Text Available The paper will focus on multi-hazard assessment following the failure of the Ezer dam on Jijia river. All induced risks are analyzed in terms of critical infrastructure protection, considering three possible failure scenarios.

  14. Greenhouse gas emissions from Brazil’s Amazonian hydroelectric dams (United States)

    Fearnside, Philip M.


    Tropical dams are often falsely portrayed as ‘clean’ emissions-free energy sources. The letter by de Faria et al (2015 Environ. Res. Lett. 10 124019) adds to evidence questioning this myth. Calculations are made for 18 dams that are planned or under construction in Brazilian Amazonia and show that emissions from storage hydroelectric dams would exceed those from electricity generation based on fossil fuels. Fossil fuels need not be the alternative, because Brazil has vast potential for wind and solar power as well as opportunities for energy conservation. Because dam-building is rapidly shifting to humid tropical areas, where emissions are higher than in other climatic zones, the impact of these emissions needs to be given proper weight in energy-policy decisions.

  15. Bed Sediment Monitoring of Multiple Contiguous Small Dam Removals (United States)

    Galster, J. C.; Wyrick, J. R.


    Dam removal is crucial for reconnecting river habitats, restoring passage of fish and other aquatic organisms, and restoring the free flow of water and sediment. However, removal of obsolete dams is often resisted due to concerns of releasing sediment and initiating channel instability. Two dams on the Musconetcong River in northern New Jersey have been removed as part of a watershed-wide effort to remove or breach all major obstructions to restore the river to its original free-flowing state. The two dams were consecutively situated 1 kilometer apart and their removals provided an opportunity to study the geomorphic response in the form of bed elevation changes and sediment size through pre- and post-removal monitoring. Initial geomorphic surveys of the riverbed in the vicinity of and between the two dams have shown areas of erosion and deposition. These surveys have established a set of control points along the river channel between the two dams, and confirm the downstream movement of a sediment plume and localized areas of erosion. At the upstream dam, comparisons pre- and post-dam removal surveys show greater than 100 cubic meters of sediment being both eroded and deposited within the site. Most but not all of the erosion occurred around the newly exposed sediment bar upstream of the former dam, where the thalweg has reestablished itself following the dam’s removal. Areas that were excavated during removal have experienced deposition. Most of the deposition occurred downstream and on the left-hand bank. Due to the two low flow culverts in the former dam, a mid-channel sediment bar formed but has subsequently eroded. At the downstream dam site, erosion has removed up to 1.1 m of sediment from the bed in places while depositing up to 0.5 m sediment in others. As sediment from the former impoundment migrated through the project site, areas excavated during the removal became areas of deposition following the removal, and; alternately, areas in the channel


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    He Yu


    Full Text Available Freezing and thawing damage is one of the major problems of the Fengman concrete dam. Based on the temperature records of the dam, appropriate heat transfer boundary conditions in the dam body are suggested. A three-dimensional finite element model is used to determine annual variation of temperature field of the dam as a case study. The deterioration problem of concrete dam owing to freezing and thawing effect is investigated.

  17. Riparian Vegetation Encroachment Ratios in rivers below large Dams (United States)

    Garcia de Jalón, Diego; Martínez-Fernández, Vanesa; González del Tánago, Marta


    Large Dams and reservoirs change the natural flow regime and consequently cause many alterations in riparian vegetation dynamics which may be assessed at different spatial and temporal scales. In Mediterranean regions flow regulation is frequently associated with irrigation. Regulated rivers with this purpose very often show reduced discharges during the wet season when the reservoir is being filled and increased discharges during the dry season when irrigation takes place. This type of regulation frequently promotes riparian vegetation growth as soil moisture levels are increased during summer when a natural drought would otherwise limit its growth. Additionally, flow regulation by large dams promotes the aging of late seral riparian vegetation reducing the frequency of flood disturbance and consequently, the potential recruitment of pioneer species. In this work we study the response of woody riparian vegetation to flow regulation by large dams in four rivers from Central Spain: Jarama, Manzanares, Guadalix and Alberche. The aim is to quantify the annual vegetation encroachment ratios and to develop a model to understand the main controlling factors, such as floodplain and channel traits; flow regulation intensity; type of regulation; present vegetation canopy; distance to the dam; and time since dam commissioning. A temporal comparison using aerial photographs from 1956, 1966, 1972, 1991, 2011 and 2014 was done in thirteen river reaches downstream from large dams, to evaluate their morphological evolution.. Floodplain dimensions and channel and riparian vegetation changes were assessed by comparing different pre-dam and post-dam conditions. Recent coloured photographs with 0.5 m spatial resolution and older black-and-white photographs at 1:33 000 spatial scale were supplied by the National Geographic Institute of Spain ( and the Statistical Institute ( from Madrid Community. Similar visual scales were used to cope

  18. Hydraulic fracturing of rock-fill dam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun-Jie WANG


    Full Text Available The condition in which hydraulic fracturing in core of earth-rock fill dam maybe induced, the mechanism by which the reason of hydraulic fracturing canbe explained, and the failure criterion by which the occurrence of hydraulicfracturing can be determined, were investigated. The condition dependson material properties such as, cracks in the core and low permeability ofcore soil, and “water wedging” action in cracks. An unsaturated core soiland fast impounding are the prerequisites for the formation of “waterwedging” action. The mechanism of hydraulic fracturing can be explainedby fracture mechanics. The crack propagation induced by water pressuremay follow any of mode I, mode II and mixed mode I-II. Based on testingresults of a core soil, a new criterion for hydraulic fracturing was suggested,from which mechanisms of hydraulic fracturing in the core of rock-fill damwere discussed. The results indicated that factors such as angle betweencrack surface and direction of principal stress, local stress state at thecrack, and fracture toughness KIC of core soil may largely affect theinduction of hydraulic fracturing and the mode of the propagation of thecrack.The condition in which hydraulic fracturing in core of earth-rock fill dam maybe induced, the mechanism by which the reason of hydraulic fracturing canbe explained, and the failure criterion by which the occurrence of hydraulicfracturing can be determined, were investigated. The condition dependson material properties such as, cracks in the core and low permeability ofcore soil, and “water wedging” action in cracks. An unsaturated core soiland fast impounding are the prerequisites for the formation of “waterwedging” action. The mechanism of hydraulic fracturing can be explainedby fracture mechanics. The crack propagation induced by water pressuremay follow any of mode I, mode II and mixed mode I-II. Based on testingresults of a core soil, a new criterion for hydraulic fracturing

  19. The Changing Political Dynamics of Dam Building on the Mekong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip Hirsch


    Full Text Available This paper explores political dynamics surrounding dam building in the Mekong river basin, prior to, and following, the World Commission on Dams (WCD. Since the 1950s, dam building in the Mekong river basin has been enmeshed in a complex and shifting geopolitical and eco-political landscape. The broad geopolitical sweep of US hegemony, Cold War, regional rapprochement and the rise of China has been superimposed on eco-political shifts between modernist belief in progress as mastery over nature, concerns of global and national environmental movements over dams and their impacts, and a galvanised Mekong environmentalism. During the first decade of the 21st century, mainstream dams on the Lower Mekong have returned to the agenda after having almost disappeared in favour of tributary projects. The growing strength and assertiveness of regional economic players has fundamentally altered the context of energy demand, planning and investment. New sources of finance have relocated the points of political leverage. Environment has been mustered in favour of, as well as in opposition to, dam construction in the contexts of climate-change discourses, protected-area linkage with dam projects, and an industry push for sustainability protocols and certification. Despite the Mekong being one of its focal basins, WCD has not played a prominent role in this transformed arena, yet many of the social and environmental concerns, stakeholder-based processes and safeguard-oriented approaches to hydropower planning that WCD brought to the fore have persisted in the wider ethos of politics around dams in the region.

  20. Phytoplankton composition of Sazlidere Dam lake, Istanbul, Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nese Yilmaz


    Full Text Available The phytoplankton composition of Sazlidere Dam lake was studied at 5 sampling sites between December 2003 - November 2005. A total of 67 taxa were recorded, representing Bacillariophyta (31, Chlorophyta (18, Cyanophyta (9, Chrysophyta (1, Cryptophyta (1, Dinophyta (3 and Euglenophyta (4. Bacillariophyta members constituted the dominant phytoplankton group in terms of species number. Nygaard’s compound index value and composition of phytoplankton indicate that the trophic state of Sazlidere Dam lake was changing from oligotrophic to mesotrophic.

  1. (Pisces, Cyprinidae) in Wuras Dam, a shallow, turbid impoundment

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    an important role in energy cycling. In Wuras Dam, in which energy cycling is detritus-based, this species makes up 70"70 of the mass of fish (Pieterse & Keulder 1982). Wuras Dam is situated in the central highveld area of South. Africa (19°4O'S126°00E) in the Fourie Spruit, an annual tributary of the Modder River, Orange ...

  2. Seismic stability analysis of concrete gravity dams with penetrated cracks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shou-yan JIANG


    Full Text Available The seismic stability of a cracked dam was examined in this study. Geometric nonlinearity and large deformations, as well as the contact condition at the crack site, were taken into consideration. The location of penetrated cracks was first identified using the concrete plastic-damage model based on the nonlinear finite element method (FEM. Then, the hard contact algorithm was used to simulate the crack interaction in the normal direction, and the Coloumb friction model was used to simulate the crack interaction in the tangential direction. After verification of numerical models through a case study, the seismic stability of the Koyna Dam with two types of penetrated cracks is discussed in detail with different seismic peak accelerations, and the collapse processes of the cracked dam are also presented. The results show that the stability of the dam with two types of penetrated cracks can be ensured in an earthquake with a magnitude of the original Koyna earthquake, and the cracked dam has a large earthquake-resistant margin. The failure processes of the cracked dam in strong earthquakes can be divided into two stages: the sliding stage and the overturning stage. The sliding stage ends near the peak acceleration, and the top block slides a long distance along the crack before the collapse occurs. The maximum sliding displacement of the top block will decrease with an increasing friction coefficient at the crack site.

  3. The Social, Historical, and Institutional Contingencies of Dam Removal (United States)

    Magilligan, F. J.; Sneddon, C. S.; Fox, C. A.


    Environmental managers in the United States and elsewhere are increasingly perceiving dam removal as a critical tool for river restoration and enhancing watershed resilience. In New England, over 125 dams have been dismantled for ecological and economic rationales. A surprising number of these removals, including many that are ongoing, have generated heated conflicts between restoration proponents and local communities who value their dammed landscapes. Using a comparative case study approach, we examine the environmental conflict around efforts to remove six dams in New England. Each of these removal efforts followed quite different paths and resultant outcomes: successful removal, stalled removal, and failure despite seemingly favorable institutional conditions. Lengthy conflicts often transpired in instances where removals occurred, but these were successfully arbitrated by paying attention to local historical-geographical conditions conducive to removal and by brokering effective compromises between dam owners and the various local actors and stakeholders involved in the removal process. Yet our results across all cases suggest that these are necessary, but not sufficient conditions for restoration through dam removal since a similar set of conditions typified cases where removals are continuously stalled or completely halted. Scholars examining the intersection between ecological restoration and environmental politics should remain vigilant in seeking patterns and generalities across cases of environmental conflict in order to promote important biophysical goals, but must also remain open to the ways in which those goals are thwarted and shaped by conflicts that are deeply contingent on historical-geographical conditions and broader institutional networks of power and influence.

  4. Powder avalanche and catching dam interaction : influence of upstream dam slope ? (United States)

    Caccamo, Paolo; Naaim-Bouvet, Florence; Faug, Thierry


    The influence of an obstacle on the dynamics of a finite-volume density current modelling a powder-snow avalanche was investigated. A constant volume of a dyed salt solution reproduced the small-scale aerosol flowing down an inclined channel immersed in a water tank. Reference tests in the absence of the obstacle characterized the dynamics parameters of the flow and then the influence of two different types of obstacles on these parameters was studied. Both of the obstacles represent a catching dam one with a vertical uphill face (OBS1) and the second one with an inclined uphill face 32° (OBS2). A high resolution acoustic velocimeter allows measurements on the 3D Flow velocity. For the reference avalanche, it was shown that the maximum velocity norm can be up to 18% greater than the maximum horizontal contribution (parallel to the slope) and that the ratio maximum velocity norm over front velocity varies between 1.75 and 2.2. THis ratio varies between 1.7 and 2.8 for the obstacles situation. In terms of protection effectiveness, laboratory tests showed that a catching dam with the upstream vertical to the slope is more efficient than a dam with an inclined upstream face. In presence of OBS2 the flow does not hit the obstacle but it rather passes smoothly over it, without any visible detachment from the surface. The ramp effect is remarkable and the avalanche reaches faster (in terms of time) a given point downstream from the obstacle. On the contrary, in the OBS1 configuration, the incoming flow hits the vertical wall and bursts. The flow is subjected to a strong deflection with the formation of a vertical jet.

  5. From dams to development justice: Progress with 'free, prior and informed consent' since the World Commission on Dams

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Joji Cariño; Marcus Colchester


      The World Commission on Dams (WCD) helped establish as development best practice the requirement to respect the right of indigenous peoples to give or withhold their 'free, prior and informed consent' (FPIC...

  6. Synthesis of the effects to fish species of two management scenarios for the secretarial determination on removal of the lower four dams on the Klamath (United States)

    Hamilton,; Rondorf, Dennis W.; Hampton,; Quinones,; Simondet,; Smith,


    For decades the long-standing conflict in the Klamath River Basin over water and fish resources has persisted. In an effort to resolve these disputes, PacifiCorp and interested parties negotiated, wrote, and signed the Klamath Hydroelectric Settlement Agreement (KHSA) in 2010, calling for the potential removal of the four lower dams on the Klamath River mainstem. The KHSA established a process known as the Secretarial Determination, which includes 1) conducting new scientific studies and a re-evaluation of existing studies found in the FERC record and from other sources, and 2) evaluating the potential environmental and human effects of such an action pursuant to National Environmental Policy Act, California Environmental Quality Act, and other applicable laws.  In March 2012, the Secretary of the Interior will decide whether removal of these dams on the Klamath River: 1) will advance salmonid fisheries, and 2) is in the public interest. In this report, we summarize anticipated effects to fish resources under two management scenarios: 1) current conditions with dams in place and without the programs and actions in the Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement (KBRA), and 2) removal of the lower four dams plus programs and actions called for in the KBRA and KHSA. This information will aid the Secretary of the Interior in determining whether dam removal and implementation of KBRA will advance restoration of salmonid (salmon and trout) fisheries.

  7. Horizon Dam design, construction, and quality management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patrick, B. [EBA Engineering Consultants Ltd., Nanaimo, BC (Canada); Sisson, R. [Canadian Natural Resources Ltd., Fort McMurray, AB (Canada)


    This paper discussed the design and construction of the Tar River Diversion Dam and the quality management system (QMS) used during construction. The project was unusual in that the company constructed the project using its own workforce, without contractors, under challenging schedule and site conditions. The topography, geology and geotechnical aspects of the site were discussed along with the embankment design, seepage control measures and construction execution. The QMS was designed to fit the needs of the unique construction execution strategy and meet safety, reliability, performance, and operation requirements, comply with all regulations and approval conditions, and identify and communicate risk to the appropriate entity. Specifications and construction procedures had to be modified to accommodate equipment operators trained with the skills and techniques of mine operations, not those associated with conventional civil construction projects. Foundation movement identified during construction required mid-build design changes, construction rescheduling, and additional deformation analyses to determine long-term stability. The QMS allowed changes in the understanding of site conditions to be quickly addressed and risks to be identified and cost-effectively mitigated. Design consultants were used to modify designs and appropriately identify and mitigate risks. The approach to embankment construction was successful because the QMS included processes for change management, issue resolution, and risk-benefit assessment, and because experienced personnel had a regular presence on the construction site and worked collaboratively. The effective QMS was deemed to be integral to the success of the construction project. 1 tab., 7 figs.

  8. Qu'Appelle River Dam, dam break analysis using advanced GIS tools for rapid modelling and inundation mapping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonin, D. [Hatch Energy, Winnipeg, MB (Canada); Campbell, C. [Saskatchewan Watershed Authority, Moose Jaw, SK (Canada); Groeneveld, J. [Hatch Energy, Calgary, AB (Canada)


    The South Saskatchewan River Project (SSRP) comprises a multi-purpose reservoir that provides water for conservation and irrigation, flood control, power generation, recreation, and municipal and industrial water supply. In addition to the 64 m high Gardiner Dam, the 27 m high Qu'Appelle River Dam and the 22 km long Lake Diefenbaker Reservoir, the SSRP also includes ancillary works. The Qu'Appelle River valley extends for 458 km before connecting to the Assiniboine River. The valley is incised up to 90 m in depth and is a popular cottaging and recreational area with several major communities located in the flood plain. In the event of a breach of the Qu'Appelle Dam, the discharge will increase from a normal maximum discharge of under 60 m{sup 3} per second to over 50,000 m{sup 3} per second. The Saskatchewan Watershed Authority (SWA) is responsible for ensuring safe development of the Province's water resources, without affecting reservoir or lake operations, and preventing damage from flooding, erosion or land slides. It is in the process of developing Hazard Assessments and emergency preparedness plans for each of their dams in accordance with the Canadian Dam Safety Guidelines. Studies using GIS technology and the hydrodynamic routing model HEC-RAS have been completed to evaluate the potential inundation that may result in the event of failure of the Qu'Appelle River Dam. These studies involved the development of a breach parameter model using a breach data set revised to better reflect the Qu'Appelle River Dam; the development of a dam break model for the Qu'Appelle River Dam and downstream river and flood plain; and, the use of this model to simulate two potential dam failure scenarios for the Qu'Appelle River Dam, notably failure during passage of the PMF and failure during fair weather conditions. Inundation maps have been prepared for the downstream Qu'Appelle River valley for each of the above events. 3 refs., 4

  9. Interpersonal violence in road rage. Cases from the Medico-Legal Center for Victims of Violence in Hamburg. (United States)

    Pfeiffer, Joost-Levin; Pueschel, Klaus; Seifert, Dragana


    Aggressive behavior in traffic is a widespread phenomenon. Up to 90% of the population are involved in mild forms such as shouting or gesturing. More dramatic cases with injury to individuals affect at least 1100 people in the US annually. Certain factors such as a male sex, a young age and an urban residency have been identified to contribute to the likelihood of road rage. Central to this analysis is the determination of specific features regarding the conflicting parties, the crime scene and the injury pattern in violent offenses related to traffic. In a retrospective study spanning 10 years, cases of road rage-linked injuries were identified amongst patients at the Medico-Legal Center of the Institute of Legal Medicine in Hamburg, Germany. The data were digitized and then analyzed using descriptive statistics via SPSS. There are disproportionately large numbers of males (85.7%) and motorists (61.2%) amongst road rage perpetrators. Usually the conflicting parties have no prior relationship (89.7%). In 68.1% of the cases, the violence applied was exclusively physical. Objects were utilized in 31.0% of all cases, and in more than half (55.6%) of these cases the vehicle was used as a weapon. The resulting trauma in road rage is mostly blunt and applied to the face and the extremities. There are characteristic features regarding the demographics, time and place of incident, as well as severity and pattern of injury in road rage associated offenses. Identifying these factors may lead to appropriate measures in the reduction of road rage. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.

  10. Hamburg-Glasgow classification: preoperative staging by combination of disseminated tumour load and systemic inflammation in oesophageal carcinoma. (United States)

    Reeh, Matthias; Ghadban, Tarik; Uzunoglu, Faik G; Nentwich, Michael F; Bockhorn, Maximilian; Pantel, Klaus; Izbicki, Jakob R; Vashist, Yogesh K


    The aim of this study was to establish a new preoperative staging classification and evaluate its comparability to the post-operative tumour stage, lymph node invasion and metastasis (TNM) classification. To date, adequate, preoperative staging in patients with oesophageal carcinoma (EC) is still missing but urgently needed. Systemic inflammation and disseminated tumour load have a pivotal role in recurrence and oncological outcome. To improve the clinical staging, we merged the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) and disseminated tumour cells (DTC) into a new sufficient preoperative staging classification, the Hamburg-Glasgow classification (HGC). In this prospective, single-centre study, 326 patients following curative oesophagectomy were included. From all patients preoperative bone marrow was aspirated from the iliac crest to detect DTCs by immunostaining with the pan-keratin antibody A45-B/B3. HGC was subdefined into four prognostic groups on the basis of C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin and DTC. The three prognostic groups of the GPS were supplemented by DTC detection status. Results were correlated with clinicopathological parameters and clinical outcome. Increasing HGC significantly correlated with lymph node invasion (P=0.022), post-operative pathohistological TNM staging (P=0.001) and tumour recurrence (P=0.001). The four HGC prognostic groups displayed a gradual decrease in overall as well as disease-free survival (PHamburg-Glasgow classification was a strong, significant independent predictor of overall survival and disease-free survival (PHamburg-Glasgow classification seems to be a promising preoperative additive staging classification for accurate and simple outcome stratification.

  11. [Network Analyses in Regional Health Care Research: Example of Dermatological Care in the Metropolitan Region of Hamburg]. (United States)

    Augustin, J; Austermann, J; Erasmi, S


    Background: One of the overall objectives of the legislator is to ensure an overall "homogeneous", and easily accessible medical care for the population. The physician-patient ratio can be used to describe the regional health care situation. But this method does not provide information concerning the availability of, for instance, the nearest doctor. Therefore, further parameters such as accessibility must be taken into consideration. For this purpose, network analyses are an appropriate method. The objective of this study is to present methodological tools to evaluate the healthcare situation in the metropolitan region of Hamburg, primarily focusing on accessibility using dermatologists as an example. Methods: Analyzing data of 20 counties, the geographical distribution of N=357 dermatologists and the physician-patient ratio were calculated. In a second step, a network analysis regarding accessibility was performed. In order to calculate accessibility, address data (physicians) were transformed into coordinates, consisting of defined places (N=303) and restrictions (e. g. speed, turn restrictions) of the network. The calculation of population-based accessibility is based on grid cells for the population density. Results: Despite adequacy of the overall medical situation, differences in the availability of the nearest dermatologists in the metropolitan region are remarkable, particularly when use of public transport is taken into consideration. In some counties, over 60% of the population require at least one hour to get to the nearest dermatologist using public transportation. In rural regions within the metropolitan area are particularly affected. Conclusion: The network analysis has shown that the choice and availability of transportation in combination with the location (rural/urban) is essential for health care access. Especially elderly people in rural areas with restricted mobility are at a disadvantage. Therefore, modern health care approaches (e

  12. 5. decennial inspection of Tignes dam. Draining of the higher french dam; 5. inspection decennale du barrage de Tignes. Vidange du plus haut barrage de France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This document deals with the 5. decennial inspection of the Tignes dam. The Tignes dam has been drained to allow EDF and the public authorities to verify the dam wall, of 180 m high, in order to validate the next decade. The four steps of the drainage are described as the maintenance policy of such building. (A.L.B.)

  13. Decrease in (Major Amputations in Diabetics: A Secondary Data Analysis by AOK Rheinland/Hamburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melanie May


    Full Text Available Aim. In two German regions with 11.1 million inhabitants, 6 networks for specialized treatment of DFS were implemented until 2008. Data provided for accounting purposes was analysed in order to determine changes in the rate of diabetics requiring amputations in the years before and after the implementation. Method. Data covering 2.9 million people insured by the largest insurance company between 2007 and 2013 was analysed by the use of log-linear Poisson regression adjusted for age, gender and region. Results. The rate of diabetics needing major amputations fell significantly by 9.5% per year (p<0.0001 from 217 to 126 of 100,000 patients per year. The rate of diabetics needing amputations of any kind fell from 504 to 419 of 100,000 patients per year (p=0.0038. Discussion. The networks integrate health care providers in an organised system of shared care. They educate members of the medical community and the general public. At the same time, a more general disease management program for people with diabetes was implemented, which may also have contributed to this decrease. At the end of the observation period, the rate of diabetics requiring amputations was still high. For this reason, further expansion of organised specialized care is urgently needed.

  14. Análise físico-química e sensorial de hambúrguer elaborado com carne de avestruz Physicochemical and sensorial analyses of ostrich hamburger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiffany Prokopp Hautrive


    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi elaborar um hambúrguer com carne de avestruz, para possibilitar o aproveitamento total da carne de avestruz, utilizando cortes considerados menos nobres como recortes resultantes da desossa. Avaliar sua aceitação entre potenciais consumidores, como apreciadores de carnes e hambúrgueres, bem como sugerir a industrialização e comercialização pelas indústrias como um novo produto de conveniência. Foram elaboradas três formulações de hambúrgueres com diferentes percentuais de carne de avestruz e bovina. As amostras foram analisadas por 50 provadores não treinados, escolhidos em função de gostarem e serem consumidores de hambúrgueres. O hambúrguer de formulação 2, composto por carne bovina (50% e carne de avestruz (50% obteve maior aceitação em relação aos demais. Os teores de lipídios e proteínas das amostras de hambúrgueres encontram-se dentre os valores exigidos pela legislação. Sendo assim, os hambúrgueres formulados com carne de avestruz foram bem aceitos pelos julgadores. O hambúrguer misto, o qual obteve maior aceitação, seria uma alternativa de um produto para a industrialização e comercialização, pois agregado com a carne bovina o custo dos hambúrgueres de avestruz são mais acessíveis.The objective of this study was to prepare a hamburger with ostrich meat, making use of the ostrich meat cuts that are considered less noble such as those resulting form boning. This study also aimed at evaluating its acceptance among potential clients such meat and hamburger consumers as well as suggesting its industrialization as a new product. Three types of hamburgers were prepared with different percentage of ostrich and bovine meat. The samples were tested by 50 tasters without training, but who were hamburger consumers. The hamburger of formulation 2, composed by bovine meat (50% and ostrich meat (50%, obtained better acceptance than the others. The contents of lipids and proteins of

  15. Temporary Restoration of Bull Trout Passage at Albeni Falls Dam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paluch, Mark; Scholz, Allan; McLellan, Holly [Eastern Washington University Department of Biology; Olson, Jason [Kalispel Tribe of Indians Natural Resources Department


    This study was designed to monitor movements of bull trout that were provided passage above Albeni Falls Dam, Pend Oreille River. Electrofishing and angling were used to collect bull trout below the dam. Tissue samples were collected from each bull trout and sent to the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Abernathy Fish Technology Center Conservation Genetics Lab, Washington. The DNA extracted from tissue samples were compared to a catalog of bull trout population DNA from the Priest River drainage, Lake Pend Oreille tributaries, and the Clark Fork drainage to determine the most probable tributary of origin. A combined acoustic radio or radio tag was implanted in each fish prior to being transported and released above the dam. Bull trout relocated above the dam were able to volitionally migrate into their natal tributary, drop back downstream, or migrate upstream to the next dam. A combination of stationary radio receiving stations and tracking via aircraft, boat, and vehicle were used to monitor the movement of tagged fish to determine if the spawning tributary it selected matched the tributary assigned from the genetic analysis. Seven bull trout were captured during electrofishing surveys in 2008. Of these seven, four were tagged and relocated above the dam. Two were tagged and left below the dam as part of a study monitoring movements below the dam. One was immature and too small at the time of capture to implant a tracking tag. All four fish released above the dam passed by stationary receivers stations leading into Lake Pend Oreille and no fish dropped back below the dam. One of the radio tags was recovered in the tributary corresponding with the results of the genetic test. Another fish was located in the vicinity of its assigned tributary, which was impassable due to low water discharge at its mouth. Two fish have not been located since entering the lake. Of these fish, one was immature and not expected to enter its natal tributary in the fall of 2008. The other

  16. Environmental Assessment, Repair of the Dam at Non-Potable Reservoir #1, United States Air Force Academy, Colorado (United States)


    compound WWTP wastewater treatment plant August 2015 Environmental Assessment 1-1 Repair Dam at Non-Potable Reservoir #1, Air Force Academy...pumping approximately 1.5 million gpd during the irrigation season with an additional 0.5 million gpd of effluent from the wastewater treatment plant...environmental justice, utilities, transportation (roadway), Environmental Restoration Program (ERP) sites, storage tanks, pesticide usage, polychlorinated

  17. Physical and biological responses to an alternative removal strategy of a moderate-sized dam in Washington, USA. (United States)

    Shannon Claeson; B. Coffin


    Dam removal is an increasingly practised river restoration technique, and ecological responses vary with watershed, dam and reservoir properties, and removal strategies. Moderate-sized dams, like Hemlock Dam (7.9m tall and 56m wide), are large enough that removal effects could be significant, but small enough that mitigation may be possible through a modified dam...

  18. Histological and Metabolic State of Dams Suckling Small Litter or MSG-Treated Pups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Regina Capriglioni Cancian


    Full Text Available Lactation is an important function that is dependent on changes in the maternal homeostasis and sustained by histological maternal adjustments. We evaluated how offspring manipulations during the lactational phase can modulate maternal morphologic aspects in the mammary gland, adipose tissue, and pancreatic islets of lactating dams. Two different models of litter-manipulation-during-lactation were used: litter sizes, small litters (SL or normal litters (NL and subcutaneous injections in the puppies of monosodium glutamate (MSG, or saline (CON. SL Dams and MSG Dams presented an increase in WAT content and higher plasma levels of glucose, triglycerides, and insulin, in relation to NL Dams and CON Dams, respectively. The MG of SL Dams and MSG Dams presented a high adipocyte content and reduced alveoli development and the milk of the SL Dams presented a higher calorie and triglyceride content, compared to that of the NL Dams. SL Dams presented a reduction in islet size and greater lipid droplet accumulation in BAT, in relation to NL Dams. SL Dams and MSG Dams present similar responses to offspring manipulation during lactation, resulting in changes in metabolic parameters. These alterations were associated with higher fat accumulation in BAT and changes in milk composition only in SL Dams.

  19. Influence of spatial variations in ground motion on earthquake response of arch dams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chopra, A. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Wang, J. [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China). Dept. of Hydraulic Engineering


    Ground motion recorded at arch dams demonstrate spatial variation or non-uniformity along the dam-foundation interface. Records obtained at two dams demonstrated this phenomena, notably the Pacoima Dam located in California during the magnitude 4.3 earthquake on January 13, 2001, and the magnitude 6.9 Northridge earthquake on January 17, 1994; and the Mauvoisin Dam located in Switzerland during the magnitude 4.6 Valpelline earthquake on March 31, 1996. These spatial variations in ground motion are hardly ever considered in earthquake analysis of arch dams. When they are included, dam-water-interaction is generally oversimplified. This paper discussed the use of the linear analysis procedure, which includes dam-water-foundation rock interaction effects and recognizes the semi-unbounded extent of the rock and impounded water domains in examining the response of the two arch dams to spatially-varying ground motions recorded during earthquakes. Specifically, the paper discussed the Mauvoisin Dam and earthquake records; system and excitation; influence of spatial variations in ground motion; Pacoima Dam and earthquake records; and influence of spatial variations in excitation. It was concluded that spatial variations in ground motion, typically ignored in dam engineering practice, can have profound influence on the earthquake-induced stresses in the dam. This influence depends on the degree to which ground motion varies spatially along the dam-rock interface. 11 refs., 9 figs.

  20. The behaviour of a large dam at severe frost

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. C. SPADEA


    Full Text Available Synthesizing the problem, the action of the thrusts in the
    behaviour of t h e dam of Pieve di Cadore, makes itself conspicuous expecially
    during three periods of the year:
    1. - About the end of June, the air temperature, 011 t h e average, overcomes
    the water one in the watershed upstream the dam: the bending of
    t h e dam upstream increases from the bottom to the top.
    2. - About the end of October, the thermal conditions change; the
    mean air temperature grows lower than the mean water temperature; the
    dam begins her bending dowstream.
    3. - When the air temperature is distinctly below 0 °C, the action of
    t h e t h r u s t s grows more complexe; t h e rocky waterlogged system downstream
    of t h e dam, while cooling, swells and pushes t h e bottom of t h e dam upstream;
    at t h e higher quote, on the contrary, the t h r u s t downstream continues.
    When the strenght limit of the medium is surpassed, arises a contrast
    between the rocky system and the concrete structure: this contrast can origin
    a t e very small fractures, revealed from seismic station installed into the
    central ashlar (XIV a t 660 metres height of t h e dam, under t h e form of microshocks
    which energy is of about 10I0-10U erg.