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  1. Preoperative Serum Interleukin-6 Is a Potential Prognostic Factor for Colorectal Cancer, including Stage II Patients

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    Kazuyoshi Shiga

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims. To evaluate the prognostic significance of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6 in colorectal cancer (CRC. Patients and Methods. Preoperative serum IL-6 was measured in 233 CRC patients and 13 healthy controls. Relationships between IL-6 and various clinicopathological factors were evaluated, and the overall survival (OS and disease-free survival (DFS rates according to IL-6 status were calculated for all patients and according to disease stage. Results. The mean IL-6 level was 6.6 pg/mL in CRC patients and 2.6 pg/mL in healthy controls. Using a cutoff of 6.3 pg/mL, obtained using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, 57 patients had a high IL-6 level. The mean value was higher for stage II disease than for stage III disease. IL-6 status correlated with C-reactive protein (CRP and carcinoembryonic antigen levels, obstruction, and pT4 disease. The OS differed according to the IL-6 status for all patients, whereas the DFS differed for all patients and for those with stage II disease. The Cox proportional hazards model showed that pT4 disease was an independent risk factor for recurrence in all CRC patients; IL-6, CRP, and pT4 were significant risk factors in stage II patients. Conclusions. The preoperative IL-6 level influences the risk of CRC recurrence.

  2. Prognostic factors in oligodendrogliomas

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    Westergaard, L; Gjerris, F; Klinken, L

    1997-01-01

    An outcome analysis was performed on 96 patients with pure cerebral oligodendrogliomas operated in the 30-year period 1962 to 1991. The most important predictive prognostic factors were youth and no neurological deficit, demonstrated as a median survival for the group younger than 20 years of 17...

  3. Prognostic factors in oligodendrogliomas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westergaard, L; Gjerris, F; Klinken, L

    1997-01-01

    .5 years and for the group older than 60 years of 13 months. The group without neurological deficits had a 5-years survival of 43 per cent while the group with deficits had a 5-years survival of 5 per cent. The 5-years survival for oligodendroglioma of grade II was 46 per cent and for grade III 10 per cent......An outcome analysis was performed on 96 patients with pure cerebral oligodendrogliomas operated in the 30-year period 1962 to 1991. The most important predictive prognostic factors were youth and no neurological deficit, demonstrated as a median survival for the group younger than 20 years of 17...

  4. Prognostic Factors in Hodgkin's Disease

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    Specht

    1996-01-01

    Prognostic factors in Hodgkin's disease (HD) are reviewed. The Ann Arbor staging classification remains the basis for evaluation of patients with HD. However, subgroups of patients with differing prognoses exist within the individual stages. In pathological stages I and II, the number of involved...... of extent of disease such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate, anemia, and serum albumin. In advanced disease the number of involved nodal and extranodal regions, the total tumor burden, B symptoms, age, gender, histology, and a number of hematologic and biochemical indicators are significant. Research...

  5. The Biochemical Prognostic Factors of Subclinical Hypothyroidism

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    Myung Won Lee

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundPatients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SHT are common in clinical practice. However, the clinical significance of SHT, including prognosis, has not been established. Further clarifying SHT will be critical in devising a management plan and treatment guidelines for SHT patients. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic factors of SHT.MethodsWe reviewed the medical records of Korean patients who visited the endocrinology outpatient clinic of Severance Hospital from January 2008 to September 2012. Newly-diagnosed patients with SHT were selected and reviewed retrospectively. We compared two groups: the SHT maintenance group and the spontaneous improvement group.ResultsThe SHT maintenance group and the spontaneous improvement group had initial thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH levels that were significantly different (P=0.035. In subanalysis for subjects with TSH levels between 5 to 10 µIU/mL, the spontaneous improvement group showed significantly lower antithyroid peroxidase antibody (anti-TPO-Ab titer than the SHT maintenance group (P=0.039. Regarding lipid profiles, only triglyceride level, unlike total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, was related to TSH level, which is correlated with the severity of SHT. Diffuse thyroiditis on ultrasonography only contributed to the severity of SHT, not to the prognosis. High sensitivity C-reactive protein and urine iodine excretion, generally regarded as possible prognostic factors, did not show any significant relation with the prognosis and severity of SHT.ConclusionOnly initial TSH level was a definite prognostic factor of SHT. TPO-Ab titer was also a helpful prognostic factor for SHT in cases with mildly elevated TSH. Other than TSH and TPO-Ab, we were unable to validate biochemical prognostic factors in this retrospective study for Korean SHT patients.

  6. Treatment outcome and prognostic factor analysis in transplant-eligible Chinese myeloma patients receiving bortezomib-based induction regimens including the staged approach, PAD or VTD

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    Chim Chor

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We have reported promising outcomes using a staged approach, in which bortezomib/thalidomide/dexamethasone was used only in 14 patients with suboptimal response to VAD (vincristine/adriamycin/dexamethasone before autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT. Here we compared the outcomes of the staged approach with frontline PAD (bortezomib/doxorubicin/dexamethasone or VTD (bortezomib/thalidomide/dexamethasone induction, and analysed prognostic factors for outcome. Patients and methods Ninety-one transplant-eligible Chinese patients received three induction regimens prior to ASCT [staged approach (N = 25, PAD (N = 31, VTD (N = 35]. and received thalidomide maintenance for 2 years post-ASCT. Results 43 (47.3% patients had International Staging System (ISS III disease. By an intention-to-treat analysis, the overall CR/nCR rate were 37.4% post-induction, and 62.6% post-ASCT. Five-year overall (OS and event-free (EFS survivals were 66% and 45.1%. There was no difference of the post-induction CR/nCR rate, EFS or OS between patients induced by these three regimens. Moreover, ISS III disease did not affect CR/nCR rates. Multivariate analysis showed that ISS and post-ASCT CR/nCR impacted OS while ISS and post-induction CR/nCR impacted EFS. Conclusions These three induction regimens produced comparable and favorable outcomes in myeloma. The unfavorable outcome of ISS stage III persisted despite upfront/early use of bortezomib. CR/nCR predicted favorable survivals.

  7. Clinical and Histopathological Prognostic Factors in Chondrosarcomas

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    Bjarne Lund

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. In an attempt to identify clinical and histopathological factors of prognostic importance in chondrosarcomas, 115 cases of malignant and borderline chondromatous tumours were reviewed.

  8. Prognostic factors in lupus nephritis

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    Faurschou, Mikkel; Starklint, Henrik; Halberg, Poul

    2006-01-01

    To evaluate the prognostic significance of clinical and renal biopsy findings in an unselected cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and nephritis.......To evaluate the prognostic significance of clinical and renal biopsy findings in an unselected cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and nephritis....

  9. Prognostic Factors for Refractory Status Epilepticus

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    J. Gordon Millichap

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Researchers at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN studied the outcome and identified prognostic factors for refractory status epilepticus (RSE in 54 adult patients, median age 52 years [range 18-93].

  10. Prognostic factors in the development of opioid addiction

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    Vasila Talimbekova

    2011-01-01

    In 145 patients with opioid addiction were studied prognostic factors of the formation of the disease and their medical and social consequences. In the examined patients duration of the narcotization was from 1 year to 15 years. Analysis of studies showed that the most significant adverse prognostic factors, determining formation rate of medical and social consequences in opioid addiction, may include: perinatal pathology, personality deviation in the premorbid; early age of onset of drug use...

  11. Prognostic factors of follicular thyroid carcinoma.

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    Ríos, Antonio; Rodríguez, José M; Ferri, Belén; Martínez-Barba, Enrique; Torregrosa, Núria M; Parrilla, Pascual

    2015-01-01

    Most prognostic studies in differentiated carcinoma have included a high number of papillary carcinomas and few follicular carcinomas, and not all of their conclusions therefore apply to the latter. To analyze the prognostic factors of follicular thyroid carcinoma. Patients with histological diagnosis of follicular carcinoma who had undergone potentially curative surgery, had no disseminated disease at diagnosis, and had been followed up for at least 5 years. Tumor recurrence was defined as: 1) tumor lesions with cytological analysis suggesting malignancy and/or 2) patients with total thyroidectomy with thyroglobulin levels >2 ng/mL. Clinical, therapeutic, and histological parameters were analyzed to assess prognostic factors. Recurrence was found in 25 (38%) of the 66 study patients during a follow-up period of 99 ± 38 months. Most patients with recurrence (n=20) had increased Tg levels without anatomical location, and were initially treated with radioactive I131. In the remaining 5 cases, surgical excision of the lesion was performed, and three patients required surgery during the follow-up period. Two patients died due to the disease (3%), and two other patients (3%) currently have distant metastases. Mean disease-free interval was 154 ± 14 months, and rates of disease-free patients at 5, 10, 15, and 20 years were 71, 58, 58, and 58% respectively. Clinical factors influencing recurrence included 1) age (p=0.0035); 2) sex (p=0.0114); and 3) cervical pain (p=0.0026). Histological/surgical factors associated with recurrence included 1) infiltration into neighboring structures (p=0.0000); 2) type of carcinoma (p=0.0000); 3) size (p=0.0162); 4) vascular invasion (p=0.0085); and 5) adenopathies (p=0.046). In the multivariate study, cervical pain (p=0.018) and extrathyroid invasion (p=0.045) continued to be significant factors. In follicular carcinoma, rates of disease-free patients are 71% at 5 years and 58% at 10 years, and the main predictive factors are presence

  12. Prognostic factors in Guillain-Barre syndrome

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    Semra Mungan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Guillain–Barre syndrome (GBS is an immune-mediated disorder of peripheral nerves resulting as acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. GBS has a heterogeneous clinical course and laboratory findings. Acute onset and progressive course, and is usually associated with a good prognosis but some forms have a poor prognosis. Factors that can affect the prognosis of GBS have been investigated in several studies. Assessment of poor prognostic factors of GBS plays a vital role in the management and monitorization of patients. Methods: In this retrospective study of patients admitted to the acute phase of GBS removing clinical and laboratory profiles and was planned to investigate the prognostic factors. Results: Totally 23 patients (Female/male: 16/7 were recruited. Mean age was 47 (range: 17-70 years. Statistically significant poor prognostic factors were advanced age (p=0.042, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (p=0.027 and serum albumin level (p=0.007. Conclusion: Advanced age, increased ESR and decreased albumin levels were found as poor prognostic factors in GBS.

  13. Risk factors and prognostic indicators for medial tibial stress syndrome

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    Moen, M. H.; Bongers, T.; Bakker, E. W.; Zimmermann, W. O.; Weir, A.; Tol, J. L.; Backx, F. J. G.

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the study was to examine the risk factors and prognostic indicators for medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). In total, 35 subjects were included in the study. For the risk factor analysis, the following parameters were investigated: hip internal and external ranges of motion, knee

  14. [Prognostic factors of early breast cancer].

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    Almagro, Elena; González, Cynthia S; Espinosa, Enrique

    2016-02-19

    Decision about the administration of adjuvant therapy for early breast cancer depends on the evaluation of prognostic factors. Lymph node status, tumor size and grade of differentiation are classical variables in this regard, and can be complemented by hormonal receptor status and HER2 expression. These factors can be combined into prognostic indexes to better estimate the risk of relapse or death. Other factors are less important. Gene profiles have emerged in recent years to identify low-risk patients who can forgo adjuvant chemotherapy. A number of profiles are available and can be used in selected cases. In the future, gene profiling will be used to select patients for treatment with new targeted therapies. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  15. Brain metastasis from uterine malignancies: treatment modalities and prognostic factors

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    Naoual Benhmidou

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Isolated brain metastases from gynecologic malignancies are unusual. Advances in therapeutic modalities including surgery, whole brain radiotherapy stereotactic radiosurgery and chemotherapy improved survival and quality of life in this population. Therapeutic decision is based on patients’ specific prognostic factors. We report three cases of isolated brain metastases from gynecologic cancers and discuss treatment modalities in the light of a literature review.

  16. Prognostic factors in young ovarian cancer patients

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    Klar, M; Hasenburg, A; Hasanov, M

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: We evaluated in a large study meta-database of prospectively randomised phase III trials the prognostic factors for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients 40 years of age with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: A total of 5055 patients...... epithelial ovarian cancer, excellent performance status, who had received complete macroscopic upfront cytoreduction and ≥5 chemotherapy cycles. RESULTS: For patients

  17. [Prognostic factors in multiple myeloma. Review of the literature].

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    Bauduer, F; Troussard, X; Delmer, A

    1993-12-01

    Apparition of new tools in the therapy of multiple (MM) strengthens the need for valuable prognostic categorization of each patient in order to propose the most adequate treatment. Prognostic factors in MM can be divided in four groups. The first, including beta 2 microglobulin (beta 2m), hemopoiesis impairment, osteolytic lesions, calcemia and albuminemia, reflects the tumor mass. The second: type of monoclonal component, labeling index (LI), C-reactive protein (CRP), cytologic, histologic and immunophenotypic aspects of plasmocytes, renal biology, ADN and ARN, contents of malignant cells, LDH levels, activation of ras oncogene represents the intrinsic malignancy of the clone. The third illustrates the type of response to chemotherapy. Finally, the last group characterizes the host and his reactivity against the disease. Thus, the referential prognostic classification of Durie and Salmon representing only the tumor burden, seems to be now insufficient. New classifications including CRP, beta 2m and LI as more discriminant parameters are currently proposed.

  18. Prognostic factors of mortality in elderly with community acquired pneumonia

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    Đordjević Ivanka

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Community acquired pneumonia in elderly has specific clinical aspect and higher mortality in relation to younger patients. According to specific pneumonia severity assessment on admission and its importance in proper prediction of clinical course and outcome, the aim of this study was defining prognostic factors of mortality. Methods. This study included 240 patients aged ≥ 65 years with community acquired pneumonia. On admission, demographic characteristics, underlying diseases, physical symptoms and findings, laboratory values, chest radiography and oxygen blood saturation (SaO2 were analyzed. Multivariate analysis was used to identify characteristic prognostic factors which showed a statistical significance in relation to mortality. Results. Altered mental status, respiratory frequency ≥ 23/min and the presence of bilateral pneumonic infiltrates were defined as the most important prognostic factors of mortality (p < 0.001. These factors displayed 57.89% sensitivity, 100% specificity and 93.33% accuracy. Conclusion. The presence of identified characteristic prognostic factors on admission pointed out an adverse clinical course and outcome of community acquired pneumonia in elderly. Age and sex were not significantly associated with mortality.

  19. [Expression and prognostic significance of microenvironment related prognostic factors in patients with classical Hodgkin's lymphoma].

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    Wang, T T; Li, S X; Xia, B; Zhao, H F; Xu, W; Yang, H L; Wang, X F; Yu, Y; Sun, B C; Zhang, Y Z

    2017-05-16

    Objective: To observe the expression of three microenvironment related prognostic factors, i. e. programmed death 1 (PD-1), forkhead box protein 3(FOXP3) and colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor(CSF-1R) protein in classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (CHL) patients, and to explore the correlation between the protein expression and the prognosis of the patients. Methods: A total of 45 cases of CHL patients, who had been admitted to the Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital and Chinese PLA General Hospital from February 2005 to August 2010 were analyzed, including clinical features, prognostic factors, and treatment regimens. CHL patients' specimens were collected and the expression of PD-1, FOXP3, and CSF-1R proteins analyzed by immunohistochemical staining. Epstein-Barr virus encoded mRNA (EBER) was detected by in situ hybridization analysis. The relationship between the protein expression of PD-1, FOXP3 and CSF-1R and the patients' outcome was analyzed with clinical and follow-up data. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method, the Cox proportional hazard model was used to perform multivariate analysis. Results: In this cohort of 45 CHL patients, PD-1 positive was found in 7 cases (15.6%), FOXP3 high expression in 23 cases (51.1%), CSF-1R positive in 18 cases (40.0%). In the univariate analysis, the expression of FOXP3 and CSF-1R, International Prognostic Index (IPI) score, Ann Arbor stage and EBER were related with the patients' 5-year overall survival (OS); IPI score, the expression of FOXP3 and EBER were related with the patients' 5-year progress-free survival (PFS). Multivariate analysis indicated that CSF-1R protein expression was the independent prognostic factor affecting the patients' 5-year OS(HR: 8.918, P=0.020), and FOXP3 protein expression was the independent prognostic factor affecting the patients' 5-year PFS (HR: 0.122, PCSF-1R and EBV may be independent prognostic factors of CHL and this study may provide novel strategies

  20. Prognostic factors in non-Hodgkin lymphomas

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    Karin Zattar Cecyn

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: In Hodgkin's disease, each clinical or pathologic stage can be related to the extent of the area involved and predicts the next anatomical region at risk for tumor dissemination. OBJECTIVE: To determine the best prognostic factors that could predict survival in non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases. DESIGN: A retrospective study. LOCATION: Department of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Universidade Federal de São Paulo - Escola Paulista de Medicina. PARTICIPANTS: 142 patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed between February 1988 and March 1993. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Histological subset, Sex, Age, Race, B symptoms, Performance status, Stage, Extranodal disease, Bulk disease, Mediastinal disease, CNS involvement, BM infiltration, Level of DHL, Immunophenotype. RESULTS: In the first study (113 patients, the following variables had a worse influence on survival: yellow race (P<0.1; ECOG II, III e IV (P<0.1 and extranodal disease (P<0.1 for high grade lymphomas; constitutional symptoms (P<0.1, ECOG II, III e IV (P<0.1 and involvement of CNS (P<0.1 for intermediate grade and the subtype lymphoplasmocytoid (P=0.0186 for low grade lymphomas. In the second survey (93 patients, when treatment was included, the variables related to NHL survival were: CNS involvement (P<0.1 for high grade lymphomas, constitutional symptoms (P<0.1, ECOG II, III, IV (P=0.0185 and also CNS involvement (P<0.1 for the intermediate group. There were no variables related to the survival for low-grade lymphomas. CONCLUSIONS: The intermediate grade lymphomas were more compatible with data found in the literature, probably because of the larger number of patients. In this specific case, the treatment did not have an influence on the survival.

  1. [Prognostic factors of supratentorial cerebrovascular accidents].

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    Lahoz, C H; Guisasola, L M; Salas-Puig, X; Tuñón, A; Mateos, V; Vidal, J A

    1995-01-01

    Our aim was to delimit prognostic factors in supratentorial stroke based on data obtained upon hospitalization. We studied two series of patients, the first being 150 with brain infarct and the second 135 having intracerebral haemorrhage. We analyzed: age, Glasgow and Canadian scales, glucose and urgence haemogram and the size of the lesion across its greatest diameter using computerized tomography (CT). Follow-up time was until death or one year after the stroke. Those who lived longer than one year after were subclassified according to the Rankin scale as or = 3. There was a significant difference between those who survived for less than one month and those surviving more than one year: their age (p or = 3 also differed significantly with regard to age. Noteworthy were the unfavourable data: Glasgow 6 cm and haematomas > 4 cm in diameter. We comment on other evolutionary variables which may influence prognostic assessment such as clinical deterioration or CT sensitivity of the infarct depending on the carry-out time.

  2. Risk factors and prognostic indicators for medial tibial stress syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moen, M H; Bongers, T; Bakker, E W; Zimmermann, W O; Weir, A; Tol, J L; Backx, F J G

    2012-02-01

    The objective of the study was to examine the risk factors and prognostic indicators for medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). In total, 35 subjects were included in the study. For the risk factor analysis, the following parameters were investigated: hip internal and external ranges of motion, knee flexion and extension, dorsal and plantar ankle flexion, hallux flexion and extension, subtalar eversion and inversion, maximal calf girth, lean calf girth, standing foot angle and navicular drop test. After multivariate regression decreased hip internal range of motion, increased ankle plantar flexion and positive navicular drop were associated with MTSS. A higher body mass index was associated with a longer duration to full recovery. For other prognostic indicators, no relationship was found. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  3. Prognostic factors of sciatica in the Canon of Avicenna.

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    Minaee, Bagher; Abbassian, Alireza; Nasrabadi, Alireza Nikbakht; Rostamian, Abdorrahman

    2013-12-01

    Prognosis studies are fast developing and very practical types of medical research. Sciatica is one of the common types of low back pain and identifying prognostic factors of the illness can help physicians and patients to choose best method of practice. The prognostic factors of sciatica are presented from the Canon of Avicenna, one of the most famous physicians in the history of medicine.

  4. Obstetric outcomes and prognostic factors of lupus pregnancies.

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    Madazli, Riza; Yuksel, Mehmet Aytac; Oncul, Mahmut; Imamoglu, Metehan; Yilmaz, Handan

    2014-01-01

    To determine maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnancies with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), and to evaluate the prognostic factors that may affect obstetrical outcomes. Sixty-five consecutive cases of SLE and pregnancy were included in this retrospective clinical study, performed in a university hospital which is also a reference center for SLE. Lupus pregnancies followed and delivered during the period from 2002 to 2011 in our department are evaluated. Obstetric outcomes and prognostic factors were main outcome measures. The mean patient age was 28.8 years and the nulliparity rate was 43.1%. Disease flare-up occurred in 7.7% of patients. Lupus anticoagulants, anticardiolipin IgG and IgM antibodies were positive in 27.6, 15.3 and 13.8% of patients, respectively. Mean gestational age at delivery was 36.6 ± 4.2 and mean birth weight was 2,706 ± 927 g. Stillbirth, fetal growth restriction, preeclampsia and preterm delivery rates were 4.6, 18.5, 9.2 and 27.6%, respectively. Cases with uterine artery Doppler abnormalities had significantly poorer obstetric outcomes. Multidisciplinary approach to the care of pregnant women with SLE is mandatory for good maternal and fetal outcomes. Uterine artery Doppler seems to be a good prognostic factor for adverse obstetric outcomes.

  5. Clinical prognostic factors in adults with astrocytoma: Historic cohort.

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    Wegman-Ostrosky, Talia; Reynoso-Noverón, Nancy; Mejía-Pérez, Sonia I; Sánchez-Correa, Thalía E; Alvarez-Gómez, Rosa María; Vidal-Millán, Silvia; Cacho-Díaz, Bernardo; Sánchez-Corona, José; Herrera-Montalvo, Luis A; Corona-Vázquez, Teresa

    2016-07-01

    To explore the clinical prognostic factors for adults affected with astrocytoma. Using a historic cohort, we selected 155 clinical files from patients with astrocytoma using simple randomization. The main outcome variable was overall survival time. To identify clinical prognostic factors, we used bivariate analysis, Kaplan Meier, the log rank test and the Cox regression models. The number of lost years lived with disability (DALY) based on prevalence, was calculated. The mean age at diagnosis was 45.7 years. Analysis according to tumour stage, including grades II, III and IV, also showed a younger age of presentation. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates showed that tumour grade, Karnofsky status (KPS) ≥70, resection type, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, alcohol consumption, familial history of cancer and clinical presentation were significantly associated with survival time. Using a proportional hazard model, age, grade IV, resection, chemotherapy+radiotherapy and KPS were identified as prognostic factors.The amount of life lost due to premature death in this population was 28 years. In our study, astrocytoma was diagnosed in young adults. The overall survival was 15 months, 9% (n=14) of patients presented a survival of 2 years, and 3% of patients survived 3 years. On average the number of years lost due to premature death and disability was 28.53 years. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Prognostic factors in papillary and follicular thyroid carcinomas

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    Godballe, C; Asschenfeldt, P; Jørgensen, K E

    1998-01-01

    To identify clinical and histologic prognostic factors and to investigate whether immunohistochemical detection of p53 expression might contain prognostic information, a retrospective study of patient and tumor characteristics was performed in 225 cases of papillary and follicular thyroid carcino...... prognostic indicator, which might be of value in the treatment planning in patients with papillary or follicular thyroid carcinomas.......To identify clinical and histologic prognostic factors and to investigate whether immunohistochemical detection of p53 expression might contain prognostic information, a retrospective study of patient and tumor characteristics was performed in 225 cases of papillary and follicular thyroid...... carcinomas. The analyses were based on cause-specific and crude survival. In univariate analysis, age at diagnosis, tumor size, presence of distant metastases, histology (papillary contra follicular type), extrathyroidal invasion, necrosis in primary tumor, and p53 expression were significant prognostic...

  7. Prognostic factors associated with low back pain outcomes

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    Gregg CD

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: An improved understanding of prognostic factors associated with low back pain (LBP outcomes will refine expectations for patients, clinicians and funders alike and improve allocation of health resources to treat the condition. AIM: To establish the link between a range of clinical and sociodemographic prognostic variables for LBP against three separate, clinically relevant outcome measures. METHODS: This was a retrospective, non-experimental study of 1076 consecutive LBP cases treated during a three-year period. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the association between potential prognostic variables and outcome measures: clinically relevant reduction in pain, improvement in perceived function, and successful return to work six months after rehabilitation. RESULTS: Patients with clinically relevant improvements in LBP were more likely to have a shorter duration of pain (odds ratio [OR] 1.89, lower baseline pain (OR 1.19, a directional preference for extension activities (OR 1.45 and a history of spine surgery (OR 1.38. Clinically relevant gains in perceived function were observed in patients who were younger (OR 0.98 or those with shorter symptom duration (OR 1.74. Prognostic variables associated with a successful return to work included being female (OR 1.79, having a job available (OR 2.36, intermittent pain (OR 1.48 or a directional preference for extension activities (OR 1.78. DISCUSSION: This study demonstrated that there are a variety of prognostic variables to consider when determining outcome for an individual with LBP. The relative importance of each variable may differ depending on the outcome measured.

  8. Prognostic Factors in Severe Chagasic Heart Failure.

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    Costa, Sandra de Araújo; Rassi, Salvador; Freitas, Elis Marra da Madeira; Gutierrez, Natália da Silva; Boaventura, Fabiana Miranda; Sampaio, Larissa Pereira da Costa; Silva, João Bastista Masson

    2017-03-01

    Prognostic factors are extensively studied in heart failure; however, their role in severe Chagasic heart failure have not been established. To identify the association of clinical and laboratory factors with the prognosis of severe Chagasic heart failure, as well as the association of these factors with mortality and survival in a 7.5-year follow-up. 60 patients with severe Chagasic heart failure were evaluated regarding the following variables: age, blood pressure, ejection fraction, serum sodium, creatinine, 6-minute walk test, non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, QRS width, indexed left atrial volume, and functional class. 53 (88.3%) patients died during follow-up, and 7 (11.7%) remained alive. Cumulative overall survival probability was approximately 11%. Non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (HR = 2.11; 95% CI: 1.04 - 4.31; p 72 mL/m2 are independent predictors of mortality in severe Chagasic heart failure, with cumulative survival probability of only 11% in 7.5 years.

  9. Retrospective cohort study of prognostic factors in patients with oral cavity and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

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    Carrillo, José F; Carrillo, Liliana C; Cano, Ana; Ramirez-Ortega, Margarita C; Chanona, Jorge G; Avilés, Alejandro; Herrera-Goepfert, Roberto; Corona-Rivera, Jaime; Ochoa-Carrillo, Francisco J; Oñate-Ocaña, Luis F

    2016-04-01

    Prognostic factors in oral cavity and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are debated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of prognostic factors with oncologic outcomes. Patients with oral cavity and oropharyngeal SCC treated from 1997 to 2012 were included in this retrospective cohort study. Associations of prognostic factors with locoregional recurrence (LRR) or overall survival (OS) were analyzed using the logistic regression and the Cox models. Six hundred thirty-four patients were included in this study; tumor size, surgical margins, and N classification were associated with LRR (p oral cavity and oropharyngeal SCC. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Prognostic Factors in Patients with Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

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    Vyacheslav P. Kurchin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to examine the factors of prognosis in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM after combined and multimodality treatment, including the prognostic significance of preoperative intrapleural perfusion hyperthermo-chemotherapy (IPHC. Material and Methods: The study included 20 patients (11 men and 9 women aged from 30 to 70 years (mean age 51.9±8.5 years who underwent surgical treatment for MPM. The diagnosis of MPM was verified by immunohistochemical data. The patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 included 9 patients who underwent combined treatment that included the extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP and 4 courses of adjuvant chemotherapy. Group 2 included 11 patients who received multimodality treatment (IPHC, EPP, and 4 courses of adjuvant chemotherapy. All patients were followed prospectively at three-monthly intervals for the first year and six-monthly thereafter until the last time of contact or death. Statistical analysis was performed by using Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test. Cox-regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: Patient’s age over 60 years and the sarcomatoid type of the tumor can be regarded as prognostic factors for poor survival in patients with MPM who underwent EPP. Application of IPHC as a part of a multimodality treatment enhances the survivability of MPM patients.

  11. Prognostic factors for neckpain in general practice.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoving, J.L.; Vet, H.C.W. de; Twisk, J.W.R.; Devillé, W.L.J.M.; Windt, D. van der; Koes, B.W.; Bouter, L.M.

    2004-01-01

    Prognostic studies on neck pain are scarce and are typically restricted to short-term follow-up only. In this prospective cohort study, indicators of short- and long-term outcomes of neck pain were identified that can easily be measured in general practice. Patients between 18 and 70 years of age,

  12. The biology of melanoma prognostic factors.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spatz, A.; Stock, N.; Batist, G.; Kempen, L.C.L.T. van

    2010-01-01

    Cutaneous melanoma still represents a paradox among all solid tumors. It is the cancer for which the best prognostic markers ever identified in solid tumors are available, yet there is very little understanding of their biological significance. This review focuses on recent biological data that shed

  13. [Adulthood atopic dermatitis: epidemiology, clinical symptoms, provoking and prognostic factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pónyai, Györgyi; Temesvári, Erzsébet; Kárpáti, Sarolta

    2007-01-07

    The prevalence of atopic diseases, including allergic rhinitis, asthma bronchiale and atopic dermatitis is increasing both in children and adults at different parts of the world. Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting mostly children, but the atopic trait continues, not only for later respiratory allergies, but also for skin symptoms in adulthood. In this form dry skin, flexural lichenification, head and neck dermatitis, hand dermatitis are typical. The exact etiology of atopic dermatitis is unknown, in the background interactions of genetical predisposition, skin barrier defects and immunological and environmental factors can be verified. In the complex approach of atopic dermatitis, a pivotal role is ascribed to the evaluation and possibly the elimination of provoking factors, like gender, family structure, clothing, aero-, alimentary and contact allergens, psychosocial stress, migration, infections, and personal home environment. Authors review clinical manifestations, triggering and prognostic factors of the adulthood atopic dermatitis.

  14. Prognostic factors and scoring system for survival in colonic perforation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komatsu, Shuhei; Shimomatsuya, Takumi; Nakajima, Masayuki; Amaya, Hirokazu; Kobuchi, Taketsune; Shiraishi, Susumu; Konishi, Sayuri; Ono, Susumu; Maruhashi, Kazuhiro

    2005-01-01

    No ideal and generally accepted prognostic factors and scoring systems exist to determine the prognosis of peritonitis associated with colonic perforation. This study was designed to investigate prognostic factors and evaluate the various scoring systems to allow identification of high-risk patients. Between 1996 and 2003, excluding iatrogenic and trauma cases, 26 consecutive patients underwent emergency operations for colorectal perforation and were selected for this retrospective study. Several clinical factors were analyzed as possible predictive factors, and APACHE II, SOFA, MPI, and MOF scores were calculated. The overall mortality was 26.9%. Compared with the survivors, non-survivors were found more frequently in Hinchey's stage III-IV, a low preoperative marker of pH, base excess (BE), and a low postoperative marker of white blood cell count, PaO2/FiO2 ratio, and renal output (24h). According to the logistic regression model, BE was a significant independent variable. Concerning the prognostic scoring systems, an APACHE II score of 19, a SOFA score of 8, an MPI score of 30, and an MOF score of 7 or more were significantly related to poor prognosis. Preoperative BE and postoperative white blood cell count were reliable prognostic factors and early classification using prognostic scoring systems at specific points in the disease process are useful to improve our understanding of the problems involved.

  15. Prognostic factors of mechanical intestinal obstruction in Aba, Abia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Mechanical intestinal obstruction is a leading cause of acute abdomen world-wide. In spite of advances in medical science, it still carries a significant morbidity and mortality. To improve on the prognosis, it is important to identify factors of prognostic significance in this condition. Objective: To identify factors that ...

  16. Clinical examination findings as prognostic factors in low back pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartvigsen, Lisbeth; Kongsted, Alice; Hestbaek, Lise

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is a strong tradition of performing a clinical examination of low back pain (LBP) patients and this is generally recommended in guidelines. However, establishing a pathoanatomic diagnosis does not seem possible in most LBP patients and clinical tests may potentially be more...... from inception to June 2012. Prospective clinical studies of adult patients with LBP with or without leg pain and/or signs of nerve root involvement or spinal stenosis, receiving non-surgical or no treatment, which investigated the association between low-tech clinical tests and outcome were included...... relevant as prognostic factors. The aim of this review of the literature was to systematically assess the association between low-tech clinical tests commonly used in adult patients with acute, recurrent or chronic LBP and short- and long-term outcome. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and MANTIS were searched...

  17. Hypoproteinemia as a prognostic risk factor for arteriovenous fistula failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Premuzic, Vedran; Hudolin, Tvrtko; Pasini, Josip; Zimak, Zoran; Hauptman, Dinko; Jelakovic, Bojan; Kastelan, Zeljko

    2017-01-29

    Any vascular access is of limited duration with many factors which influence survival in patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD). Hypoproteinemia as a marker of chronic illness is common among chronic HD patients. Our aim was to analyze the survival of the primary arteriovenous fistula (AVFs) and the risk factors which influence their patency and to test the hypothesis that patients with normal values of serum proteins have lower risk of AVF failure compared to patients with hypoproteinemia. Seven hundred thirty-four consecutive patients were included who underwent creation of an AVF. The patients were prospectively followed-up for 2 years. Only patients with AVF function after a month from its creation were analyzed. The patients were divided into two subgroups, with normal and low serum protein levels (functional while 237 (32.3%) AVFs failed due to thrombosis or stenosis. Serum proteins and AVFs created on the forearm were positive predictors while diabetes was a negative predictor of longer AVF survival (P < 0.001; P = 0.003; P = 0.043). When comparing patients with normal and low serum protein levels (<65 g/L), mean survival time was significantly longer in patients with normal serum levels (P < 0.001). In this study, hypoproteinemia was an independent prognostic marker for AVF failure at 2 years. Hypoproteinemia, based on our results, is an independent, more sensitive and prognostic marker of possible vascular access failure than the presence of other common factors which influence shorter AVF survival. © 2017 International Society for Hemodialysis.

  18. Clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of severe acute pancreatitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Kong; Nn Santiago; Tian-Quan Han; Sheng-Dao Zhang

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of a consecutive series of patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).METHODS: Clinical data of SAP patients admitted to our hospital from January 2003 to January 2004 were retrospectively reviewed. Collected data included the age, gender, etiology,length of hospitalization, APACHE Ⅱ score at admission,local and organ/systemic complications of the patients.RESULTS: Of the 268 acute pancreatitis patients, 94 developed SAP. The mean age of SAP patients was 52 years, the commonest etiology was cholelithiasis (45.7%), the mean length of hospitalization was 70 d, the mean score of APACHE Ⅱ was 7.7. Fifty-four percent of the patients developed necrosis, 25% abscess, 58% organ/systemic failure. A total of 23.4% (22/94) of the SAP patients died. Respiratory failure was the most common organ clysfunction (90.9%) in deceased SAP patients, followed by cardiovascular failure (86.4%),renal failure (50.0%). In the SAP patients, 90.9% (20/22)developed multiple organ/systemic failures. There were significant differences in age, length of hospitalization,APACHE Ⅱ score and incidences of respiratory failure, renal failure, cardiovascular failure and hematological failure between deceased SAP patients and survived SAP patients.By multivariate logistic regression analysis, independent prognostic factors for mortality were respiratory failure,cardiovascular failure and renal failure.CONCLUSION: SAP patients are characterized by advanced age, high APACHE Ⅱ score, organ failure and their death is mainly due to multiple organ/systemic failures. In patients with SAP, respiratory, cardiovascular and renal failures can predict the fatal outcome and more attention should be paid to their clinical evaluation.

  19. Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension: Prognostic Factors and Multidisciplinary Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Chagot

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH mostly affects young obese women and can lead to permanent visual impairment. However, prognostic factors and therapeutic strategy remain unclear. Methods. We retrospectively collected data from all patients diagnosed and managed for IIH in our university center from January 2001 to December 2016. Results. Seventy-nine patients were diagnosed with IIH. Bilateral transverse sinus stenosis (TSS was found in 74% of the population. Visual outcome at 6 months was poor for 46% of patients, including all patients presenting weight gain of at least 5% since diagnosis (p<0.001, whereas mean body mass index at diagnosis was not different between patients with poor versus good outcome (32.9±7.7 versus 34.6 ± 9.4 kg·m−2. Other significant factors of poor prognosis were bilateral TSS (OR = 5.2; 95 CI: 1.24–24.9; p=0.024. Thirteen patients with poor outcome after 6-month assessment underwent unilateral TSS stenting leading to visual improvement in 11 cases. Conclusion. Weight gain, rather than initial weight, emerged as the leading factor of poor visual outcome in patients with IIH, followed by presence of bilateral TSS. Consequently, first-line treatment must include dietary measures to control weight. Unilateral stenting appears to be a safe second-line treatment option for patients with bilateral TSS.

  20. Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension: Prognostic Factors and Multidisciplinary Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chagot, Claire; Blonski, Marie; Machu, Jean-Loup; Bracard, Serge; Lacour, Jean-Christophe

    2017-01-01

    Background Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) mostly affects young obese women and can lead to permanent visual impairment. However, prognostic factors and therapeutic strategy remain unclear. Methods We retrospectively collected data from all patients diagnosed and managed for IIH in our university center from January 2001 to December 2016. Results Seventy-nine patients were diagnosed with IIH. Bilateral transverse sinus stenosis (TSS) was found in 74% of the population. Visual outcome at 6 months was poor for 46% of patients, including all patients presenting weight gain of at least 5% since diagnosis (p < 0.001), whereas mean body mass index at diagnosis was not different between patients with poor versus good outcome (32.9 ± 7.7 versus 34.6 ± 9.4 kg·m−2). Other significant factors of poor prognosis were bilateral TSS (OR = 5.2; 95 CI: 1.24–24.9; p = 0.024). Thirteen patients with poor outcome after 6-month assessment underwent unilateral TSS stenting leading to visual improvement in 11 cases. Conclusion Weight gain, rather than initial weight, emerged as the leading factor of poor visual outcome in patients with IIH, followed by presence of bilateral TSS. Consequently, first-line treatment must include dietary measures to control weight. Unilateral stenting appears to be a safe second-line treatment option for patients with bilateral TSS. PMID:28884026

  1. Risk factors and prognostic models for perinatal asphyxia at term

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ensing, S.

    2015-01-01

    This thesis will focus on the risk factors and prognostic models for adverse perinatal outcome at term, with a special focus on perinatal asphyxia and obstetric interventions during labor to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes. For the majority of the studies in this thesis we were allowed to use data

  2. Prognostic factors in prostate Cancer: A Review Article | Adewuyi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Prostate cancer is widely known to vary substantially in aggressiveness. There is also significant potential morbidity associated with aggressive curative treatment. So, there is a tremendous interest in the development of prognostic factors that could guide management decisions that allow treatment to be ...

  3. Hemoglobin level as the prognostic factor for patients with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hemoglobin level as the prognostic factor for patients with carcinoma cervix receiving radiation therapy. ... South African Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology ... (Hb) level on local control and pelvic disease-free and overall disease-free survival in patients with carcinoma of the cervix receiving radiation therapy. Material ...

  4. Extra nodal growth as a prognostic factor in malignant melanoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koopal, SA; Tiebosch, ATMG; Daryanani, D; Plukker, JTM; Hoekstra, HJ

    Aim. Extra nodal growth (ENG) in lymph-node metastases may be an additional. indicator for poor prognosis and increased Loco-regional recurrence in patients with a cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM). Most studies analyzing prognostic factors tack a proper definition or description of the

  5. Genetic Prognostic Factors and Follow-up in Uveal Melanoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. van den Bosch (Thomas)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractAn important part of oncological research is to identify prognostic factors and predict which patients are at risk for (early) metastasis. This thesis aims to describe the known genetic alterations in uveal melanoma and define new chromosomal regions and markers involved with (micro-)

  6. Prognostic factors in generalized peritonitis in Lagos University ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We studied the prognostic factors in generalized peritonitis with a view to documenting the current pattern of peritonitis and to determine the parameters affecting morbidity and mortality in all cases of peritonitis in LUTH. Sixty-seven consecutive patients with generalized peritonitis were recruited into the study. The biodata ...

  7. Prognostic Factors and Outcome of Management of Ischemic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the nuances of management, prognostic factors, and outcome of ischemic priapism in patients seen at Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively studied the case notes of all patients managed for ischemic ...

  8. Decompressive hemicraniectomy for malignant middle cerebral artery infarction including patients with additional involvement of the anterior and/or posterior cerebral artery territory-outcome analysis and definition of prognostic factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kürten, Sven; Munoz, Christopher; Beseoglu, Kerim; Fischer, Igor; Perrin, Jason; Steiger, Hans-Jakob

    2018-01-01

    a higher necrosectomy rate as for isolated MCA infarction. At 3 months, the distribution of the outcomes in terms of mRS was comparable between the patients suffering from extended infarctions and patients having isolated MCA stroke. Infarctions exceeding the territory of the middle cerebral artery were seen in 30% of the group recovering to moderate disability and thus as frequent as in the groups suffering a less favorable outcome. Intensified postoperative management including possible secondary decompression with necrosectomy may further reduce case fatality rate of patients with large hemispheric infarction. Age above 60 years and severely reduced level of consciousness are the most significant factors heralding unfavorable recovery. Patients suffering infarctions exceeding the MCA territory have a comparable chance of favorable recovery as patients with isolated MCA infarction.

  9. Prognostics

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Prognostics has received considerable attention recently as an emerging sub-discipline within SHM. Prognosis is here strictly defined as “predicting the time at...

  10. Prognostic factors for local control and survival after radiotherapy of metastatic spinal cord compression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rades, Dirk; Fehlauer, Fabian; Schulte, Rainer; Veninga, Theo; Stalpers, Lukas J. A.; Basic, Hiba; Bajrovic, Amira; Hoskin, Peter J.; Tribius, Silke; Wildfang, Ingeborg; Rudat, Volker; Engenhart-Cabilic, Rita; Karstens, Johann H.; Alberti, Winfried; Dunst, Juergen; Schild, Steven E.

    2006-01-01

    To evaluate potential prognostic factors for local control and survival after radiotherapy of metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). The following potential prognostic factors were investigated retrospectively in 1,852 patients irradiated for MSCC: age, sex, performance status, primary tumor,

  11. Prognostic Factors for Niche Development in the Uterine Caesarean Section Scar

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voet, Lucy Lucet F van der; Vaate, A Marjolein J Bij de; Heymans, Martijn W; Brölmann, Hans A M; Veersema, Sebastiaan; Huirne, Judith A F

    In a prospective study on 134 women after their first cesarean section prognostic factors for developing an uterine niche (scar defect) measured with sonohysterography were evaluated. With multivariable logistic regression anlaysis the following prognostic factors were identified; enlarged cervical

  12. Multivariate analysis of prognostic factors in patients with glioblastoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lutterbach, J.; Guttenberger, R. [Dept. of Radiotherapy, Radiologic Univ. Hospital, Freiburg i.Br. (Germany); Sauerbrei, W. [Inst. of Medical Biometry and Medical Informatics, Univ. Hospital, Freiburg i.Br. (Germany)

    2003-01-01

    Background: To identify prognostic factors for overall survival in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma undergoing radiation therapy. Patients and Methods: From January 1980 to June 2000, we treated 432 consecutive patients with glioblastoma at our institution. 17 patients were excluded from the analysis for various reasons. Mean age of the 415 patients who were included in the study was 59 years (19-81 years), Karnofsky performance status (KPS) was {>=} 70 in 280 patients. 343 patients underwent resection, 72 had a biopsy. Various fractionation schemes were used (conventional fractionation, n = 112; hypofractionation, n = 94; accelerated hyperfractionation, n = 209). Survival probabilities were estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier. Multivariate analysis was done with a Cox regression model. Results: By July 2001, 406 patients had died. Median overall survival was 8.2 months. Of ten factors considered in a proportional hazards model stratified for treatment (fractionation scheme and type of surgery), significant variables in a multivariate model were age (50-64 years vs < 50 years [RR 1.35; 95% CI 1.02-1.78], {>=} 65 years vs < 50 years [RR 2.08; 95% CI 1.54-2.81]), performance status (KPS < 70 vs {>=} 70 [RR 1.53; 95% CI 1.23-1.90]), and central tumor location (yes vs no [RR 1.39; 95% CI 1.04-1.87]). Blood hemoglobin (Hb) values were available in 318 patients and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in 234 patients. 89 patients were anemic (Hb men < 13 g/dl, women < 12 g/dl), in 80 patients the LDH level was raised beyond the upper limit of the normal range (> 240 U/l). By including the three significant variables, both parameters had an additional significant effect with an estimated relative risk of about 1.4 in their corresponding subgroups. Conclusion: Besides established prognostic factors, anemia and raised serum LDH levels may negatively influence outcome in glioblastoma patients. Our results from data-dependent modeling have to be

  13. Body mass index (BMI) may be a prognostic factor for gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shi; Nie, Run-Cong; OuYang, Li-Ying; Li, Yuan-Fang; Xiang, Jun; Zhou, Zhi-Wei; Chen, YingBo; Peng, JunSheng

    2017-02-23

    The aim of this study is to investigate whether body mass index (BMI) is a prognostic factor in gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination. This is a retrospective study consisting of 518 patients with a histological diagnosis of gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination seen at the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University and Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2010 and April 2014. Patients were followed until December 2015. Chi-square test and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were used to compare the clinicopathological variables and prognosis. Univariate analyses showed that significant prognostic factors included palliative gastrectomy (p dissemination, especially in patients who received palliative chemotherapy. BMI is a prognostic factor for patients who have gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination, especially in those who received palliative chemotherapy.

  14. Preoperative CA125 as a prognostic factor in stage I epithelial ovarian cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petri, Anette Lykke; Høgdall, Estrid; Christensen, Ib Jarle

    2006-01-01

    was evaluated and compared with other prognostic factors (age, grade, substages, histologic type). By the Kaplan-Meier estimate we demonstrated that patients with stage I EOC and preoperative serum CA125 levels U/mL had a significantly longer survival compared to stage I EOC patients with preoperative serum...... CA125 > or = 65 U/mL (p=0.01). The results from the present study may be useful for decision making respecting postoperative chemotherapy in stage I EOC patients. Serum CA125 levels might therefore be included as a prognostic factor in future clinical trials of stage I EOC....

  15. Osteosarcoma: Diagnostic dilemmas in histopathology and prognostic factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neelam Wadhwa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteosarcoma (OS, the commonest malignancy of osteoarticular origin, is a very aggressive neoplasm. Divergent histologic differentiation is common in OS; hence triple diagnostic approach is essential in all cases. 20% cases are atypical owing to lack of concurrence among clinicoradiologic and pathologic features necessitating resampling. Recognition of specific anatomic and histologic variants is essential in view of better outcome. Traditional prognostic factors of OS do stratify patients for short term outcome, but often fail to predict their long term outcome. Considering the negligible improvement in the patient outcome during the last 20 years, search for novel prognostic factors is in progress like ezrin vascular endothelial growth factor, chemokine receptors, dysregulation of various micro ribonucleic acid are potentially promising. Their utility needs to be validated by long term followup studies before they are incorporated in routine clinical practice.

  16. Prognostic factors and a survival score for patients with metastatic spinal cord compression from colorectal cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rades, D.; Douglas, S.; Huttenlocher, S. [Luebeck Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Veninga, T. [Dr. Bernard Verbeeten Institute, Tilburg (Netherlands). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Bajrovic, A. [University Medical Center Eppendorf, Hamburg (Germany). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Rudat, V. [Saad Specialist Hospital Al-Khobar (Saudi Arabia). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Schild, S.E. [Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ (United States). Dept. of Radiation Oncology

    2012-12-15

    Background: This study aimed to identify independent prognostic factors and to create a survival score for patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) from colorectal cancer (CRC). Patients and methods: Data from 121 patients irradiated for MSCC from CRC were retrospectively analyzed. Eleven potential prognostic factors were investigated including tumor type, age, gender, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score (ECOG-PS), number of involved vertebrae, ambulatory status prior to radiotherapy (RT), other bone metastases, visceral metastases, interval from cancer diagnosis to RT of MSCC, time of developing motor deficits prior to RT, and the RT schedule. Results: On multivariate analysis, improved motor function was significantly associated with an ECOG-PS of 1-2 (p = 0.011) and a slower development of motor deficits (p < 0.001). Improved local control was significantly associated with absence of visceral metastases (p = 0.043) and longer-course RT (p = 0.008). Improved survival was significantly associated with an ECOG-PS of 1-2 (p < 0.001), ambulatory status (p < 0.001), absence of visceral metastases (p < 0.001), and a slower development of motor deficits (p = 0.047). These four prognostic factors were included in a survival score. The score for each factor was determined by dividing the 6-month survival rate by 10. The prognostic score represented the sum of the factor scores. Four prognostic groups were designed; the 6-month survival rates were 0% for 8-12 points, 26% for 13-18 points, 62% for 20-23 points, and 100% for 24-27 points (p < 0.001). Conclusion: This study identified several independent prognostic factors for treatment outcomes in patients irradiated for MSCC from CRC. The survival prognosis of these patients can be estimated with a new score. (orig.)

  17. [Prognostic factors of bacteremia: prospective study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pazos Añón, R; Fernández Rodríguez, R; Paz Vidal, I; Tinajas, A; Cantón, I; Abel, V; González, R; Martínez, R; Gayoso, P; Fernández Alvarez, O

    2001-08-01

    To identify the epidemiology and risk factors with influence in the outcome and mortality of a series of bacteriemic patients. A prospective study of bloodstream infections with clinical significance detected in a secondary hospital of 650 beds over period from May 1998 to May 1999. The true bacteriemia was defined in basis to the criteria both the physician and microbiologist. A total of 16 variables were defined and categorized such as clinical-epidemiologic, intrinsic risk factor, extrinsic risk factor, outcome and survival. We used SPSS statistical package: For cuantitative variables we carried out with the mean with confidence interval of 95%, for cualitative variables: number and %. Univariate analysis of the results was carried out with the X2 test and t Student, the survival was expressed with Kaplan Meyer graphics and the logistic regression model. A total of 320 positive blood cultures were studied but only 272 blood cultures were considered true bacteriemia in 259 patients. The calculated incidence of significant episodes of bacteriemia per 1000 admissions/year was 13. The overall mortality was 22% whereas death attributable to bacteriemia was 16%. The mean age was 66.9 years (IC 95% 65-69), 59% episodes occurred in men. The 78% episodes occurred in patients hospitalized in medical services. 52% episodes were of nosocomial infection and 48% of community acquired infection. According to the severity of the underlying disease, 15% had fatal diseases and 35% episodes occurred in patients without underlying disease. According to the univariant analysis, the variables which where significantly associated with greater risk death were: etiology (fungus), septic shock, the inadequate antibiotic therapy, presence of extrinsic factors (central intravenous catheter, performance of invasive procedures, previous antimicrobial therapy) and the hospital stay of less than 10 days. According to the multivariable analysis showed that the factors remaining independent

  18. Prognostic factors for survival in metastatic breast cancer by hormone receptor status

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kwast, A.B.G.; Voogd, A.C.; Menke-Pluijmers, M.B.E.; Linn, S.C.; Sonke, G.S.; Kiemeney, L.A.; Siesling, Sabine

    2014-01-01

    Hormone receptor (HR) status is an important prognostic factor for patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and is also correlated with other prognostic factors, such as initial lymph node status, HER2-Neu status and age. The prognostic value of these other factors, however, is unknown when

  19. Outcome and Prognostic Factors for Canine Splenic Lymphoma Treated by Splenectomy (1995-2011) : A VSSO Retrospective Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Stee, Lucinda L; Boston, Sarah E; Singh, Ameet; Romanelli, Giorgio; Rubio-Guzman, Alejandro; Scase, Tim J

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome of canine splenic lymphoma treated with splenectomy and to evaluate prognostic factors, including involvement of other sites, adjuvant chemotherapy, and the effect of World Health Organization (WHO) histological classification of canine malignant lymphoma. DESIGN:

  20. The Prognostic Value of Haplotypes in the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A Gene in Colorectal Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, Torben F., E-mail: torben.hansen@slb.regionsyddanmark.dk; Spindler, Karen-Lise G. [Department of Oncology, Vejle Hospital, Vejle (Denmark); Andersen, Rikke F. [Department of Biochemistry, Vejle Hospital, Vejle (Denmark); Lindebjerg, Jan [Department of Clinical Pathology, Vejle Hospital, Vejle (Denmark); Kølvraa, Steen [Department of Clinical Genetics, Vejle Hospital, Vejle (Denmark); Brandslund, Ivan [Department of Biochemistry, Vejle Hospital, Vejle (Denmark); Jakobsen, Anders [Department of Oncology, Vejle Hospital, Vejle (Denmark)

    2010-06-28

    New prognostic markers in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) are a prerequisite for individualized treatment. Prognostic importance of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) gene has been proposed. The objective of the present study was to investigate the prognostic importance of haplotypes in the VEGF-A gene in patients with CRC. The study included 486 patients surgically resected for stage II and III CRC, divided into two independent cohorts. Three SNPs in the VEGF-A gene were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction. Haplotypes were estimated using the PHASE program. The prognostic influence was evaluated using Kaplan-Meir plots and log rank tests. Cox regression method was used to analyze the independent prognostic importance of different markers. All three SNPs were significantly related to survival. A haplotype combination, responsible for this effect, was present in approximately 30% of the patients and demonstrated a significant relationship with poor survival, and it remained an independent prognostic marker after multivariate analysis, hazard ratio 2.46 (95% confidence interval 1.49–4.06), p < 0.001. Validation was provided by consistent findings in a second and independent cohort. Haplotype combinations call for further investigation.

  1. The Prognostic Value of Haplotypes in the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A Gene in Colorectal Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torben F. Hansen

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available New prognostic markers in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC are a prerequisite for individualized treatment. Prognostic importance of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs in the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A gene has been proposed. The objective of the present study was to investigate the prognostic importance of haplotypes in the VEGF-A gene in patients with CRC. The study included 486 patients surgically resected for stage II and III CRC, divided into two independent cohorts. Three SNPs in the VEGF-A gene were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction. Haplotypes were estimated using the PHASE program. The prognostic influence was evaluated using Kaplan-Meir plots and log rank tests. Cox regression method was used to analyze the independent prognostic importance of different markers. All three SNPs were significantly related to survival. A haplotype combination, responsible for this effect, was present in approximately 30% of the patients and demonstrated a significant relationship with poor survival, and it remained an independent prognostic marker after multivariate analysis, hazard ratio 2.46 (95% confidence interval 1.49–4.06, p < 0.001. Validation was provided by consistent findings in a second and independent cohort. Haplotype combinations call for further investigation.

  2. Incidence, 10-year recidivism rate and prognostic factors for cholesteatoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britze, A; Møller, M L; Ovesen, T

    2017-04-01

    Cholesteatoma patients have a high risk of recurrence with complications, and knowledge exchange is a prerequisite for improving treatment. This study aimed to apply appropriate statistics to provide meaningful and transferable results from cholesteatoma surgery, to highlight independent prognostic factors, and to assess the incidence rate. Incidence rates were assessed for the district of Aarhus, Denmark. From 147 patients operated on mainly with canal wall up mastoidectomies for debuting cholesteatomas, 10-year Kaplan-Meier recidivism rates were calculated and independent prognostic factors for the recidivism were identified by Cox multivariate regression analyses. Incidence rate was 6.8 per 100 000 per year. The 10-year cumulative recidivism rate was 0.44 (95 per cent confidence interval, 0.37-0.53). Independent prognostic factors for the recidivism were: age below 15 years (hazard ratio = 2.2; p > z = 0.002), cholesteatoma localised to the mastoid (hazard ratio = 1.7; p > z = 0.04), stapes erosion (hazard ratio = 1.9; p > z = 0.02) and incus erosion (hazard ratio = 1.9; p > z = 0.04). The recidivism rate is influenced by several factors that are important to observe, both in the clinic and when comparing results from surgery.

  3. Acute renal infarction: Clinical characteristics and prognostic factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caravaca-Fontán, Fernando; Pampa Saico, Saúl; Elías Triviño, Sandra; Galeano Álvarez, Cristina; Gomis Couto, Antonio; Pecharromán de las Heras, Inés; Liaño, Fernando

    2016-01-01

    Acute renal infarction (ARI) is an uncommon disease, whose real incidence is probably higher than expected. It is associated with poor prognosis in a high percentage of cases. To describe the main clinical, biochemical and radiologic features and to determine which factors are associated with poor prognosis (death or permanent renal injury). The following is a retrospective, observational, single-hospital-based study. All patients diagnosed with ARI by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) over an 18-year period were included. Patients were classified according to the cardiac or non-cardiac origin of their disease. Clinical, biochemical and radiologic features were analysed, and multiple logistic regression model was used to determine factors associated with poor prognosis. A total of 62 patients were included, 30 of which had a cardiac origin. Other 32 patients with non-cardiac ARI were younger, had less comorbidity, and were less frequently treated with oral anticoagulants. CT scans estimated mean injury extension at 35%, with no differences observed between groups. A total of 38% of patients had an unfavourable outcome, and the main determinants were: Initial renal function (OR=0.949; IC 95% 0.918-0.980; p=0.002), and previous treatment with oral anticoagulants (OR=0.135; IC 95% 0.032-0.565; p=0.006). ARI is a rare pathology with non-specific symptoms, and it is not associated with cardiological disease or arrhythmias in more than half of cases. A substantial proportion of patients have unfavourable outcomes, and the initial renal function is one of the main prognostic factors. Copyright © 2015 Sociedad Española de Nefrología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  4. Tumor burden as the most important prognostic factor in early stage Hodgkin's disease. Relations to other prognostic factors and implications for choice of treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, L; Nordentoft, A M; Cold, Søren

    1988-01-01

    Two hundred ninety patients with Hodgkin's disease pathologic stage (PS) I or II were treated in the prospective randomized trial of the Danish National Hodgkin Study (see Appendix) with radiotherapy +/- adjuvant combination chemotherapy. The initial tumor burden of each patient was assessed......, combining tumor size of each involved region and number of regions involved. Multivariate analyses of prognostic factors including treatment, tumor burden, histologic subtype, pathologic stage, number of involved regions, mediastinal size, systemic symptoms, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), sex...

  5. Small Renal Masses: Incidental Diagnosis, Clinical Symptoms, and Prognostic Factors

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez-Martín, F. M.; Millán-Rodríguez, F.; Urdaneta-Pignalosa, G.; Rubio-Briones, J.; Villavicencio-Mavrich, H.

    2009-01-01

    Introduction. The small renal masses (SRMs) have increased over the past two decades due to more liberal use of imaging techniques. SRMs have allowed discussions regarding their prognostic, diagnosis, and therapeutic approach. Materials and methods. Clinical presentation, incidental diagnosis, and prognosis factors of SRMs are discussed in this review. Results. SRMs are defined as lesions less than 4 cm in diameter. SRM could be benign, and most malignant SMRs are low stage and low grade. Cli...

  6. Snakebite Prognostic Factors: Leading Factors of Weak Therapeutic Response Following Snakebite Envenomation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bita Dadpour

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: The goal of antivenom administration for snake-bitten patients is to achieve therapeutic response (initial control, which means reversal of the venom-induced effects through neutralizing the venom. The aim of this study was to identify snakebite prognostic factors of weak therapeutic response prior to antivenom administration. Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients with viperidae snakebite envenomation who were admitted to Mashhad Toxicology Centre during 2007-2011. Demographic features, clinical manifestations and snakebite severity score (SSS were collected prior to antivenom administration. Total number of antivenom vials administered to achieve therapeutic response and duration of hospitalization were also recorded. Potential factors in snakebite prognosis were analyzed by comparing in two groups of achieving therapeutic response with less than 5 vials and over 5 to calculate odds ratio.  Results: Total of 108 patients (male/female: 85/23 with mean (SD age of 34.5 (17.0 were studied. The most common manifestations included fang marks (100%, pain (100%, ecchymosis (89%, swelling (83%, blister formation (48% and thrombocytopenia (25%. In univariate analysis, thrombocytopenia (P=0.01, spontaneous bleeding (P=0.02, coagulopathic disturbances (P=0.007, swelling (P=0.003, progressive swelling (P=0.005, ecchymosis (P=0.05 and respiratory distress (P= 0.05 were significantly correlated to weak therapeutic response. Swelling and spontaneous bleeding were the strongest snakebite prognostic factors, as respectively they put the patients at 12.4 and 10.4 fold risks for difficult achievement of therapeutic response. Conclusions: In snakebite, some clinical manifestations in the first hours of admission and prior to antivenom administration are associated with weak therapeutic response. Identifying these prognostic factors, can assist health care providers to better estimate the patient’s needs and predict the final

  7. PROGNOSTIC FACTORS FOR SURVIVAL IN PATIENTS WITH METASTATIC RENAL CELL CARCINOMA TREATED WITH CHEMOTHERAPY

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    Deyan Davidov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance for survival of certain clinical and pathological factors in patients with advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC treated with chemotherapy. Methods: From 1990 to 2009 sixty seven consecutive patients with mRCC, treated in UMHAT- Dr. G. Stranski, Department of Medical Oncology entered the study. Parameters including some patients characteristics, hematological and pathological parameters, were evaluated for their role as predictors of overall survival. The therapeutic regimens included Interferon- alpha or Medroxyprogesterone acetat. Survival analysis was evaluated by Kaplan- Meier test. The influence of pretreatment characteristics as prognostic factor for survival was analyzed using multivariate stepwise Cox regression analyses. Results: Variables significantly associated with overall survival univariate analysis were performance status >1, thrombocytosis, anemia and number of metastatic sites >1. In multivariate analysis as independent poor prognostic factors were identified poor performance status and multiple sites of metastasis. Conclusion: These results indicated that performance status, presence of elevated platelet counts or anemia as well as well as multiple site of metastasis could be useful prognostic factors in patients with mRCC.

  8. Prognostic factors for return to work in patients with sciatica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grøvle, Lars; Haugen, Anne J; Keller, Anne; Ntvig, Bård; Brox, Jens I; Grotle, Margreth

    2013-12-01

    Little is known about the prognostic factors for work-related outcomes of sciatica caused by disc herniation. To identify the prognostic factors for return to work (RTW) during a 2-year follow-up among sciatica patients referred to secondary care. Multicenter prospective cohort study including 466 patients. Administrative data from the National Sickness Benefit Register were accessed for 227 patients. Two samples were used. Sample A comprised patients who at the time of inclusion in the cohort reported being on partial sick leave or complete sick leave or were undergoing rehabilitation because of back pain/sciatica. Sample B comprised patients who, according to the sickness benefit register, at the time of inclusion received sickness benefits or rehabilitation allowances because of back pain/sciatica. In Sample A, the outcome was self-reported return to full-time work at the 2-year follow-up. In Sample B, the outcome was time to first sustained RTW, defined as the first period of more than 60 days without receiving benefits from the register. Significant baseline predictors of self-reported RTW at 2 years (Analysis A) were identified by multivariate logistic regression. Significant predictors of time to sustained RTW (Analysis B) were identified by multivariate Cox proportional hazard modeling. Both analyses included adjustment for age and sex. To assess the effect of surgery on the probability of RTW, analyses similar to A and B were performed, including the variable surgery (yes/no). One-fourth of the patients were still out of work at the 2-year follow-up. In Sample A (n=237), younger age, better general health, lower baseline sciatica bothersomeness, less fear-avoidance work, and a negative straight-leg-raising test result were significantly associated with a higher probability of RTW at the 2-year follow-up. Surgery was not significantly associated with the outcome. In Sample B (n=125), history of sciatica, duration of the current sciatica episode more than 3

  9. Tumor-stroma Ratio is An Independent Prognostic Factor of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

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    Zhaofeng WANG

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective The different expression of tumor-stroma ratio (TSR have been proved to be a new and reliable independent prognostic factor in some solid tumors.The aim of the study is to test the different expression of TSR and its prognostic significance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC. Methods A total of 73 patients who underwent surgery resection for NSCLC were included in this study. TSR was assessed visually on the hematoxylin-stained tissue sections of surgical specimens. Patients with more than 50% intratumor stroma were quantified as the stroma-rich group and those with less than 50% as the stroma-poor group. Results In 73 cases of tissue samples, 46 cases were included in the stroma-poor group, while 27 cases in stroma-rich group. The different expression of TSR in NSCLC tissue was not correlated with gender, age and pathological type, lymph node metastasis, tumor size, pTNM staging, and so on. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the different expression of TSR was significantly correlated with survival days (P=0.014. Cox regression analysis showed that not only different expression of TSR is a independent prognostic factor for NSCLC (HR=1.832, 95%CI: 1.017-3.299, but also pTNM staging (HR=1.953, 95%CI: 1.284-2.970. Conclusion The different expression of TSR might be an independent prognostic factor in NSCLC.

  10. Prognostic factors for acute encephalopathy with bright tree appearance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azuma, Junji; Nabatame, Shin; Nakano, Sayaka; Iwatani, Yoshiko; Kitai, Yukihiro; Tominaga, Koji; Kagitani-Shimono, Kuriko; Okinaga, Takeshi; Yamamoto, Takehisa; Nagai, Toshisaburo; Ozono, Keiichi

    2015-02-01

    To determine the prognostic factors for encephalopathy with bright tree appearance (BTA) in the acute phase through retrospective case evaluation. We recruited 10 children with encephalopathy who presented with BTA and classified them into 2 groups. Six patients with evident regression and severe psychomotor developmental delay after encephalopathy were included in the severe group, while the remaining 4 patients with mild mental retardation were included in the mild group. We retrospectively analyzed their clinical symptoms, laboratory data, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) findings. Patients in the severe group developed subsequent complications such as epilepsy and severe motor impairment. Univariate analysis revealed that higher maximum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels (p=0.055) were a weak predictor of poor outcome. Maximum creatinine levels were significantly higher (p<0.05) and minimal platelet counts were significantly lower (p<0.05) in the severe group than in the mild group. Acute renal failure was not observed in any patient throughout the study. MRS of the BTA lesion during the BTA period showed elevated lactate levels in 5 children in the severe group and 1 child in the mild group. MRI performed during the chronic phase revealed severe brain atrophy in all patients in the severe group. Higher creatinine and LDH levels and lower platelet counts in the acute phase correlated with poor prognosis. Increased lactate levels in the BTA lesion during the BTA period on MRS may predict severe physical and mental disability. Copyright © 2014 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Prognostic Factors for Visual Outcome in Traumatic Cataract Patients

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    Ying Qi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To investigate the prognostic factors for visual outcome in traumatic cataract patients. Methods. The demographic features of traumatic cataract patients in Central China were studied. The factors that might influence the visual outcome were analyzed. The sensitivity and specificity of OTS (ocular trauma score in predicting VA were calculated. Results. The study enrolled 480 cases. 65.5% of patients achieved VA at >20/60. The factors associated with the final VA were initial VA, injury type, wound location, the way of cataract removal, and IOL implantation. The sensitivities of OTS in predicting the VA at NLP (nonlight perception, LP/HM (light perception/hand motion, and ≥20/40 were 100%. The specificity of OTS to predict the final VA at 1/200-19/200 and 20/200-20/50 was 100%. Conclusion. The prognostic factors were initial VA, injury type, wound location, cataract removal procedure, and the way of IOL implantation. The OTS has good sensitivity and specificity in predicting visual outcome in traumatic cataract patients in long follow-up.

  12. Prognostic factors in non-surgically treated sciatica: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashworth, Julie; Konstantinou, Kika; Dunn, Kate M

    2011-09-25

    When present sciatica is considered an obstacle to recovery in low back pain patients, yet evidence is limited regarding prognostic factors for persistent disability in this patient group. The aim of this study is to describe and summarise the evidence regarding prognostic factors for sciatica in non-surgically treated cohorts. Understanding the prognostic factors in sciatica and their relative importance may allow the identification of patients with particular risk factors who might benefit from early or specific types of treatment in order to optimise outcome. A systematic literature search was conducted using Medline, EMBASE and CINAHL electronic databases. Prospective cohort studies describing subjects with sciatica and measuring pain, disability or recovery outcomes were included. Studies of cohorts comprised entirely of surgically treated patients were excluded and mixed surgically and conservatively treated cohorts were included only if the results were analysed separately by treatment group or if the analysis was adjusted for treatment. Seven adequate or high quality eligible studies were identified. There were conflicting but mainly negative results regarding the influence of baseline pain severity, neurological deficit, nerve root tension signs, duration of symptoms and radiological findings on outcome. A number of factors including age, gender, smoking, previous history of sciatica and heaviness of work do not appear to influence outcome. In contrast to studies of low back pain and purely surgically treated sciatica cohorts, psychological factors were rarely investigated. At present, the heterogeneity of the available studies makes it difficult to draw firm conclusions about sciatica prognosis, and highlights the need for further research for this group of patients. Large scale prospective studies of high methodological quality, using a well-defined, consistent definition of sciatica and investigating psychosocial factors alongside clinical and

  13. Prognostic factors of complaints of arm, neck, and/or shoulder: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruls, Vivian E J; Bastiaenen, Caroline H G; de Bie, Rob A

    2015-05-01

    Complaints of the arm, neck, or shoulder are common musculoskeletal disorders. To gain insight in prognostic factors of complaints of the arm, neck, or shoulder that are associated with recovery, we conducted a systematic review. We included longitudinal prognostic cohort studies that investigated associations between prognostic factors and recovery in terms of symptoms, disability, or sickness absence. Twenty-six papers reporting on 20 cohorts were included following a search of electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, and PsycINFO). The risk of bias (ROB) was independently assessed by 2 reviewers using the Quality in Prognosis Studies tool. Sixteen studies were assessed as having "low" ROB, and 10 studies were assessed as having "high" ROB. Because of heterogeneity in included studies, pooling was not possible. In the qualitative analysis, the number of studies that evaluated a factor, the ROB of each cohort, and consistency of available evidence were taken into account when summarizing the evidence. We examined whether follow-up duration altered the association of prognostic factors with recovery. The results of our best evidence synthesis showed that for short-term follow-up (coping styles, and accident as "patients' opinion regarding cause" were negatively associated with recovery. For long-term follow-up, we found that longer duration of complaints at presentation had an unfavorable prognostic value for recovery. Our evidence synthesis revealed strong evidence for no prognostic impact of many factors that are suggested to be associated with recovery according to the primary studies.

  14. Nontuberculous Pulmonary Mycobacteriosis in Denmark: Incidence and Prognostic Factors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andréjak, Claire; Thomsen, Vibeke O; Johansen, Isik S

    2010-01-01

    RATIONALE: Few population-based data are available regarding nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) pulmonary disease epidemiology and prognosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine NTM pulmonary colonization incidence, disease incidence, and prognostic factors. METHODS: All adults in Denmark with at least one NTM...... to 2008 (mean annual rate per 100,000 person-years: NTM colonization, 1.36; NTM disease, 1.08). Five-year mortality following definite NTM disease was 40.1%. After controlling for potential confounders, 5-year mortality for definite NTM disease was slightly higher than for NTM colonization (adjusted HR: 1...

  15. Factores pronósticos del cáncer de mama Prognostic factors of breast cancer

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    José María González Ortega

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Los factores pronósticos se deben diferenciar de los factores predictivos. Un factor pronóstico es cualquier medición utilizable en el momento de la cirugía que correlaciona con el intervalo libre de enfermedad o supervivencia global en ausencia de tratamiento adyuvante sistémico y como resultado es capaz de correlacionar con la historia natural de la enfermedad. En contraste, un factor predictivo es cualquier medición asociada con respuesta a un tratamiento dado. Entre los factores pronósticos del cáncer de mama existen factores clínicos, histológicos, biológicos, genéticos y psicosociales. En esta revisión de los factores pronósticos psicosociales ha quedado demostrado que el estrés y la depresión son factores pronósticos negativos en las pacientes con cáncer de mama. Se debe recordar que la evaluación de un solo parámetro pronóstico ayuda, pero no es útil para la gestión clínica y terapéutica de la paciente.The prognostic factors must to be differentiated of the predictive ones. A prognostic factor is any measurement used at moment of the surgery correlated with the free interval of disease or global survival in the absence of the systemic adjuvant treatment and as result is able to correlate with the natural history of the disease. In contrast, a predictive factor is any measurement associated with the response to a given treatment. Among the prognostic factors of the breast cancer are included the clinical, histological, biological, genetic and psychosocial factors. In present review of psychosocial prognostic factors has been demonstrated that the stress and the depression are negative prognostic factors in patients presenting with breast cancer. It is essential to remember that the assessment of just one prognostic parameter is a help but it is not useful to clinical and therapeutic management of the patient.

  16. Neuroblastoma: morphological pattern, molecular genetic features, and prognostic factors

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    A. M. Stroganova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Neuroblastoma, the most common extracranial tumor of childhood, arises from the developing neurons of the sympathetic nervous system (neural cress stem cells and has various biological and clinical characteristics. The mean age at disease onset is 18 months. Neuroblastoma has a number of unique characteristics: a capacity for spontaneous regression in babies younger than 12 months even in the presence of distant metastases, for differentiation (maturation into ganglioneuroma in infants after the first year of life, and for swift aggressive development and rapid metastasis. There are 2 clinical classifications of neuroblastoma: the International neuroblastoma staging system that is based on surgical results and the International Neuroblastoma Risk Group Staging System. One of the fundamentally important problems for the clinical picture of neuroblastoma is difficulties making its prognosis. Along with clinical parameters (a patient’s age, tumor extent and site, some histological, molecular biochemical (ploidy and genetic (chromosomal aberrations, MYCN gene status, deletion of the locus 1p36 and 11q, the longer arm of chromosome 17, etc. characteristics of tumor cells are of considerable promise. MYCN gene amplification is observed in 20–30 % of primary neuroblastomas and it is one of the major indicators of disease aggressiveness, early chemotherapy resistance, and a poor prognosis. There are 2 types of MYCN gene amplification: extrachromosomal (double acentric chromosomes and intrachromosomal (homogenically painted regions. Examination of double acentric chromosomes revealed an interesting fact that it may be eliminated (removed from the nucleus through the formation of micronuclei. MYCN oncogene amplification is accompanied frequently by 1p36 locus deletion and longer 17q arm and less frequently by 11q23 deletion; these are poor prognostic factors for the disease. The paper considers in detail the specific, unique characteristics of the

  17. Serratia marcescens meningitis: epidemiology, prognostic factors and treatment outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yen-Mu; Hsu, Po-Chang; Yang, Chien-Chang; Chang, Hong-Jyun; Ye, Jung-Jr; Huang, Ching-Tai; Lee, Ming-Hsun

    2013-08-01

    Serratia marcescens is a rare pathogen of central nervous system infections. This study was to investigate the epidemiology, prognostic factors, and treatment outcomes of S. marcescens meningitis. This retrospective analysis included 33 patients with culture-proven S. marcescens meningitis hospitalized between January 2000 and June 2011. Of the 33 patients enrolled, only one did not receive neurosurgery before the onset of S. marcescens meningitis. Patients with S. marcescens meningitis had higher ratios of brain solid tumors (54.5%) and neurosurgery (97.0%) with a mortality rate of 15.2%. The mean interval between the first neurosurgical procedure and the diagnosis of meningitis was 17.1 days (range, 4-51 days). Only one third-generation cephalosporin-resistant S. marcescens isolate was recovered from the patients' cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens. Compared with the favorable outcome group (n = 20), the unfavorable outcome group (n = 13) had a higher percentage of brain solid tumors, more intensive care unit stays, and higher Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, CSF lactate and serum C-reactive protein concentrations at diagnosis of meningitis. Under the multiple regression analysis, CSF lactate concentration ≥2-fold the upper limit of normal (ULN) was independently associated with unfavorable outcomes (odds ratio, 7.20; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-47.96; p = 0.041). S. marcescens meningitis is highly associated with neurosurgical procedures for brain solid tumors. CSF lactate concentration ≥2x ULN may predict an unfavorable outcome. Its mortality is not high and empiric treatment with parenteral third-generation cephalosporins may have a satisfactory clinical response. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  18. Treatments Results and Prognostic Factors in Locally Advanced Hypopharyngeal Cancer

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    Yoon, Mee-Sun; Chung, Woong-Ki; Ahn, Sung-Ja; Nam, Taek-Keun; Song, Ju-Young; Nah, Byung-Sik; Lim, Sang Cheol; Lee, Joon Kyoo [Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-09-15

    The purpose of this study is to present the treatment results and to identify possible prognostic indicators in patients with locally advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma. Materials and Methods: Between October 1985 to December 2000, 90 patients who had locally advanced stage IV hypopharyngeal carcinoma were studied retrospectively. Twelve patients were treated with radiotherapy alone, 65 patients were treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and 13 patients were treated with surgery and postoperative radiotherapy with or without neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Total radiation dose ranged from 59.0 to 88.2 Gy (median 70 Gy) for radiotherapy alone. Most patients had ciplatin and 5-fluorouracil, and others had cisplatin and peplomycin or vincristin. Median follow-up period was 15 months. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival rate and Cox proportional hazard model for multivariate analysis of prognostic factors. Results: Overall 3- and 5-year survival rates were 27% and 17%, respectively. The 2-year locoregional control rates were 33% for radiotherapy alone, 32% for combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and 81% for combined surgery and radiotherapy (p=0.006). The prognostic factors affecting overall survival were T stage, concurrent chemo radiation and treatment response. Overall 3- and 5-year laryngeal preservation rates in combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy were 26% and 22%, respectively. Of these, the 5-year laryngeal preservation rates were 52% for concurrent chemo radiation group (n=11), and 16% for neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy (n=54, p=0.012). Conclusion: Surgery and postoperative radiotherapy showed better results than radiotherapy alone or with chemotherapy. Radiotherapy combined with concurrent chemotherapy is an effective modality to achieve organ preservation in locally advanced hypopharyngeal cancer. Further prospective randomized studies will be required.

  19. Etiologic aspects and prognostic factors of patients with chronic urticaria: nonrandomized, prospective, descriptive study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregoriou, Stamatis; Rigopoulos, Dimitrios; Katsambas, Andreas; Katsarou, Alexandra; Papaioannou, Dimitrios; Gkouvi, Aikaterini; Kontochristopoulos, George; Danopoulou, Ifigenia; Stavrianeas, Nikolaos; Kalogeromitros, Dimitris

    2009-01-01

    Studies investigating etiologic factors in chronic urticaria are based on small populations of a few hundred patients. In addition, data on prognostic factors of the disorder are scarce. To investigate the etiologic and prognostic factors of chronic urticaria on a large population referred to tertiary specialized hospital departments. The study investigated 2,523 patients with chronic urticaria and a negative autologous serum skin test using anamnesis, and the literature suggested laboratory tests for etiologic factors of the disorder. The patients were prescribed cetirizine 10 mg daily plus treatment of any underlying disorders illuminated by the laboratory investigation. The rescue medicine was loratadine 10 mg. The patients were evaluated every 3 months. Comparative statistical methods were used to evaluate the prognostic factors having an impact on the duration of the disorder until resolution of symptoms. Etiologic factors of chronic urticaria-angioedema were identified in 38.7% of the patients. Physical urticarias had a prevalence of 17.1% in the population under study. Other common etiologic factors identified included infection (7.7%) and autoimmune thyropathy (7.3%). Multiple regression analysis showed that female gender, long duration of the disorder at the initial examination, the presence of angioedema, and physical urticarias are associated with worse prognosis of the disorder, whereas increased self-reported stress and psychiatric disease had no impact on the course of the disorder. A detailed medical history and selective laboratory tests can illuminate etiologic factors in less than 40% of patients with chronic urticaria. Prognostic factors identified to impact the natural history of the disorder could be helpful when designing studies assessing the efficacy of therapeutic agents for chronic urticaria.

  20. Association of Telomere Length with Breast Cancer Prognostic Factors.

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    Kaoutar Ennour-Idrissi

    Full Text Available Telomere length, a marker of cell aging, seems to be affected by the same factors thought to be associated with breast cancer prognosis.To examine associations of peripheral blood cell-measured telomere length with traditional and potential prognostic factors in breast cancer patients.We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data collected before surgery from 162 breast cancer patients recruited consecutively between 01/2011 and 05/2012, at a breast cancer reference center. Data on the main lifestyle factors (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity were collected using standardized questionnaires. Anthropometric factors were measured. Tumor biological characteristics were extracted from pathology reports. Telomere length was measured using a highly reproducible quantitative PCR method in peripheral white blood cells. Spearman partial rank-order correlations and multivariate general linear models were used to evaluate relationships between telomere length and prognostic factors.Telomere length was positively associated with total physical activity (rs = 0.17, P = 0.033; Ptrend = 0.069, occupational physical activity (rs = 0.15, P = 0.054; Ptrend = 0.054 and transportation-related physical activity (rs = 0.19, P = 0.019; P = 0.005. Among post-menopausal women, telomere length remained positively associated with total physical activity (rs = 0.27, P = 0.016; Ptrend = 0.054 and occupational physical activity (rs = 0.26, P = 0.021; Ptrend = 0.056 and was only associated with transportation-related physical activity among pre-menopausal women (rs = 0.27, P = 0.015; P = 0.004. No association was observed between telomere length and recreational or household activities, other lifestyle factors or traditional prognostic factors.Telomeres are longer in more active breast cancer patients. Since white blood cells are involved in anticancer immune responses, these findings suggest that even regular low-intensity physical activity, such as that

  1. Prognostic factors in a series of 504 breast cancer patients with metastatic spinal cord compression

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    Rades, D.; Douglas, S. [University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Luebeck (Germany). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Veninga, T. [Dr. Bernard Verbeeten Institute, Tilburg (Netherlands). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Stalpers, L.J.A. [Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands). Dept. of Radiotherapy; Bajrovic, A. [University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg (Germany). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Rudat, V. [Saad Specialist Hospital Al-Khobar, Al-Khobar (Saudi Arabia). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Schild, S.E. [Mayo Clinic Scottsdale, Scottsdale, AZ (United States). Dept. of Radiation Oncology

    2012-04-15

    This study was performed to identify new significant prognostic factors in breast cancer patients irradiated for metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). The data of 504 patients with breast cancer patients with MSCC were retrospectively analyzed with respect to posttreatment motor function, local control of MSCC, and survival. The investigated potential prognostic factors included age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score, number of involved vertebrae, other bone metastases, visceral metastases, pretreatment ambulatory status, interval from cancer diagnosis to radiotherapy of MSCC, time developing motor deficits before radiotherapy, and the radiation schedule. On multivariate analysis, better functional outcome was associated with ambulatory status prior to RT (estimate - 1.29, p < 0.001), no visceral metastases (estimate - 0.52, p = 0.020), and slower development of motor deficits (estimate + 2.47, p < 0.001). Improved local control was significantly associated with no other bone metastases (risk ratio (RR) 4.33, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.36-14.02, p = 0.013) and no visceral metastases (RR 3.02, 95% CI 1.42-6.40, p = 0.005). Improved survival was significantly associated with involvement of only 1-2 vertebrae (RR 1.27, 95% CI 1.01-1.60, p = 0.044), ambulatory status before radiotherapy (RR 1.75, 95% CI 1.23-2.50, p = 0.002), no other bone metastases (RR 1.93, 95% CI 1.18-3.13, p = 0.009), no visceral metastases (RR 7.60, 95% CI 5.39-10.84, p < 0.001), and time developing motor deficits before radiotherapy (RR 1.55, 95% CI 1.30-1.86, p < 0.001). Several new independent prognostic factors were identified for treatment outcomes. These prognostic factors should be considered in future trials and may be used to develop prognostic scores for breast cancer patients with MSCC. (orig.)

  2. [Prognostic factors in renal cancer with venous thrombus survival analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual-Fernández, Angela; Calleja-Escudero, Jesús; Gómez de Segura, Cristina; Pesquera-Ortega, Laura; Taylor, James; Fajardo, José Antonio; González de Zárate, Javier; Monllor-Gisbert, Jesús; Cortiñas-González, José Ramón

    2017-07-01

    To analyze surgery for renal cancer with venous thrombus at different levels, perioperative complications and prognostic factors associated to overall, cancer-specific and disease-free survival. Retrospective analysis of 42 cases of renal cancer with venous thrombus performed between 2005 and 2015. The level reached by the thrombus was established according to the Mayo Clinic classification. Postoperative complications were staged according to Clavien-Dindo classification. Most frequent in males. Mean age 65.7 years. 16.6% were tumors with level II thrombus. Subcostal approach was performed in 58.9%. Extracorporeal circulation with cardiac arrest and hypothermia was established in 2 patients. Resection of metastatic disease was performed in 3 patients during radical nephrectomy. Reoperation was 2.3% while, perioperative mortality was 4.7%. 30% presented with metastases at diagnosis. Twenty patients progressed at 15.5 months (3-55). Overall survival was 60 months. The cancer-specific mortality was 75%. Disease-free survival was 30% at 55 months. Surgical treatment of renal cancer with venous thrombus requires a multidisciplinary management. The surgical technique varies according to the level reached by the venous thrombus. Tumor stage is the most important prognostic factor. Thrombus level influences prognosis, with longer survival for patients with tumor thrombus confined to the renal vein (pT3a) in comparison to tumors with thrombus in the atrium (pT3c).

  3. Clinical prognostic factors in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas

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    Joensuu, H.

    1986-09-01

    Hospital records of 201 consecutive and histologically diagnosed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients were retrospectively analysed in an effort to determine the clinical prognostic factors affecting survival. The uncorrected five-year survival was 45%, and when corrected for other causes of death than lymphoma 48%. Response to the primary treatment, stage of the disease at diagnosis, occurrence of B-symptoms and age were strongly correlated to the final outcome. B-symptoms had negative effect on survival during the first year after the diagnosis, but not afterwards. Survival decreased with advancing age except in children, who had as poor survival as patients over 60 years of age. The primary site, sex or occurrence of extranodal lymphoma (43%) did not have influence on survival. Patients with a positive bone marrow aspiration biopsy did not have less favourable survival than other patients with stage IV lymphoma. Patients with a positive bipedal lymphangiogram had similar prognosis as those with a negative one. It is concluded that the most important prognostic factors other than histology in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are response to the primary treatment, stage, age and occurrence of B-symptoms.

  4. Prognostic factors for disability and sick leave in patients with subacute non-malignant pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valentin, Gitte H; Pilegaard, Marc S; Vaegter, Henrik B

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to identify generic prognostic factors for disability and sick leave in subacute pain patients. SETTING: General practice and other primary care facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (>18 years) with a subacute (≤3-month) non-malignant pain condition. Eligibility...... reporting of all factors examined. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42014008914.......OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to identify generic prognostic factors for disability and sick leave in subacute pain patients. SETTING: General practice and other primary care facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (>18 years) with a subacute (≤3-month) non-malignant pain condition. Eligibility...... criteria were cohort studies investigating the prediction of disability or long-term sick leave in adults with a subacute pain condition in a primary care setting. 19 studies were included, referring to a total of 6266 patients suffering from pain in the head, neck, back and shoulders. PRIMARY...

  5. Prognostic factors in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PREVEDELLO DANIEL M. S.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Eighty-four patients submitted to anterior temporal lobectomy were evaluated retrospectively in order to correlate the different type of simple partial seizure (SPS and their prognostic implications in patients with mesial temporal sclerosis. The patients were divided in two groups following the classification of Engel; Group 1 (53 patients included patients Class I (without seizures or of good outcome and Group 2 (31 patients included Classes II, III and IV (with seizures or of bad outcome. The two groups were compared and results showed no statistical difference in relation to the demographic aspects as sex, side of surgery, age at onset of seizures and time of the patients' postoperative follow-up. Statistical analysis revealed no relationship between type of SPS and outcome. SPS did not show a statistical value in localizing the side of pathology. However, when the two groups were compared statistically in terms of patients' ages at the time of surgery, and the time elapsed from the onset of the seizures to the surgical intervention, it was observed that Group 1 (of good outcome had seizures for smaller interval (p <0.05 and was operated at an earlier age (p<0.02 than Group 2 (of bad outcome. The presence or the type of SPS can not be used as a prognostic measure; surgical therapy must be considered as soon as clinical resistance is demonstrated.

  6. Prognostic factors for recovery following acute lateral ankle ligament sprain: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Jacqueline Yewande; Byrne, Christopher; Williams, Mark A; Keene, David J; Schlussel, Micheal Maia; Lamb, Sarah E

    2017-10-23

    One-third of individuals who sustain an acute lateral ankle ligament sprain suffer significant disability due to pain, functional instability, mechanical instability or recurrent sprain after recovery plateaus at 1 to 5 years post injury. The identification of early prognostic factors associated with poor recovery may provide an opportunity for early-targeted intervention and improve outcome. We performed a comprehensive search of AMED, EMBASE, Psych Info, CINAHL, SportDiscus, PubMed, CENTRAL, PEDro, OpenGrey, abstracts and conference proceedings from inception to September 2016. Prospective studies investigating the association between baseline prognostic factors and recovery over time were included. Two independent assessors performed the study selection, data extraction and quality assessment of the studies. A narrative synthesis is presented due to inability to meta-analyse results due to clinical and statistical heterogeneity. The search strategy yielded 3396 titles/abstracts after duplicates were removed. Thirty-six full text articles were then assessed, nine of which met the study inclusion criteria. Six were prospective cohorts, and three were secondary analyses of randomised controlled trials. Results are presented for nine studies that presented baseline prognostic factors for recovery after an acute ankle sprain. Age, female gender, swelling, restricted range of motion, limited weight bearing ability, pain (at the medial joint line and on weight-bearing dorsi-flexion at 4 weeks, and pain at rest at 3 months), higher injury severity rating, palpation/stress score, non-inversion mechanism injury, lower self-reported recovery, re-sprain within 3 months, MRI determined number of sprained ligaments, severity and bone bruise were found to be independent predictors of poor recovery. Age was one prognostic factor that demonstrated a consistent association with outcome in three studies, however cautious interpretation is advised. The associations between

  7. Prognostic factors in skull base chordoma: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Ming-Xiang; Lv, Guo-Hua; Zhang, Qian-Shi; Wang, Shao-Fu; Li, Jing; Wang, Xiao-Bin

    2017-10-15

    Currently, there are still lack of reviews assessing the complete range of prognostic factors in skull base chordoma (SBC). This study aimed to systematically review the published literature on prognostic factors in SBC and to establish pooled hazard ratios (HRs) of such factors. MEDLINE and EMBASE search (inception to April 04, 2017). Two reviewers independently selected papers involving SBC prognostic factors, and studied them for methodological quality and valuable factors. Pooled HRs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. The main endpoints determined were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). 22 studies with 1754 subjects were included in this systematic review. However, only 18 of them provided sufficient data for quantitative synthesis. Preoperative visual deficit (pooled HR = 2.77, 95% CI: 1.57-4.89 for PFS), older patient age (pooled HR = 1.03, 95% CI: 1.1-1.05 for PFS; pooled HR = 1.03, 95% CI: 1.2-1.04 for OS) and nontotal or intralesional tumor resection (pooled HR = 2.01, 95% CI: 1.54-2.62 for PFS; pooled HR = 5.16, 95% CI: 2.27-11.70 for OS) were negative predictors of survival outcomes. However, adjunctive radiotherapy (pooled HR = 0.30, 95% CI: 0.16-0.56) and chondroid chordoma type (pooled HR = 0.5, 95% CI: 0.36-0.69) portended a favorable PFS. In addition, several prognostic biomarkers were promising. This study demonstrated that several clinicopathological or molecular parameters are associated with survival up to tumor progression or mortality in SBC patients. However, further methodologically high-quality reports are still required to clarify the effects of these factors. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Preoperative CA125 as a prognostic factor in stage I epithelial ovarian cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petri, Anette Lykke; Høgdall, Estrid; Christensen, Ib Jarle

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate preoperative CA125 as a prognostic factor in stage I epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Preoperative serum CA125 levels from 118 women with FIGO (International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics) stage I EOC were analysed and the prognostic value...... was evaluated and compared with other prognostic factors (age, grade, substages, histologic type). By the Kaplan-Meier estimate we demonstrated that patients with stage I EOC and preoperative serum CA125 levels

  9. Wilms tumour: prognostic factors, staging, therapy and late effects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaste, Sue C. [St. Jude Children' s Research Hospital, Department of Radiological Sciences, Memphis, TN (United States); Dome, Jeffrey S. [St. Jude Children' s Research Hospital, Department of Oncology, Memphis, TN (United States); Babyn, Paul S. [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Radiology, Toronto (Canada); Graf, Norbert M. [University Hospital of the Saarland, Clinic for Pediatric Oncology and Hematology, Homburg (Germany); Grundy, Paul [University of Alberta, Division of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Palliative Care, and Northern Alberta Children' s Cancer Program, Edmonton (Canada); Godzinski, Jan [Mother and Child Institute, Department of Oncological Surgery for Children and Adolescents, Warsaw (Poland); Levitt, Gill A. [Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children NHS Trust, Paediatric Oncology, London (United Kingdom); Jenkinson, Helen [Birmingham Children' s Hospital NHS Trust, Oncology Department, Birmingham (United Kingdom)

    2008-01-15

    Wilms tumour is the most common malignant renal tumour in children. Dramatic improvements in survival have occurred as the result of advances in anaesthetic and surgical management, irradiation and chemotherapy. Current therapies are based on trials and studies primarily conducted by large multi-institutional cooperatives including the Societe Internationale d'Oncologie Pediatrique (SIOP) and the Children's Oncology Group (COG). The primary goals are to treat patients according to well-defined risk groups in order to achieve the highest cure rates, to decrease the frequency and intensity of acute and late toxicity and to minimize the cost of therapy. The SIOP trials and studies largely focus on the issue of preoperative therapy, whereas the COG trials and studies start with primary surgery. This paper reviews prognostic factors and staging systems for Wilms tumour and its current treatment with surgery and chemotherapy. Surgery remains a crucial part of treatment for nephroblastoma, providing local primary tumour control and adequate staging and possibly controlling the metastatic spread and central vascular extension of the disease. Partial nephrectomy, when technically feasible, seems reasonable not only in those with bilateral disease but also in those with unilateral disease where the patient has urological disorders or syndromes predisposing to malignancy. Partial nephrectomy, however, is frequently not sufficient for an anaplastic variant of tumour. The late effects for Wilms tumour and its treatment are also reviewed. The treatment of Wilms tumour has been a success story, and currently in excess of 80% of children diagnosed with Wilms tumour can look forward to long-term survival, with less than 20% experiencing serious morbidity at 20 years from diagnosis. The late complications are a consequence of the type and intensity of treatment required, which in turn reflects the nature and extent of the original tumour. Continual international trial

  10. Antihistamines and other prognostic factors for adverse outcome in hyperemesis gravidarum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fejzo, Marlena S; Magtira, Aromalyn; Schoenberg, Frederic Paik; MacGibbon, Kimber; Mullin, Patrick; Romero, Roberto; Tabsh, Khalil

    2013-09-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the frequency of adverse perinatal outcome in women with hyperemesis gravidarum and identify prognostic factors. This is a case-control study in which outcomes of first pregnancies were compared between 254 women with hyperemesis gravidarum treated with intravenous fluids and 308 controls. Prognostic factors were identified by comparing the clinical profile of patients with hyperemesis gravidarum with a normal and an adverse pregnancy outcome. Binary responses were analyzed using either a Chi-square or Fisher exact test and continuous responses were analyzed using a t-test. Women with hyperemesis gravidarum have over a 4-fold increased risk of poor outcome including preterm birth and lower birth weight (ppregnancy. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Multivariate analysis of prognostic factors in early stage Hodgkin's disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tubiana, M.; Henry-Amar, M.; van der Werf-Messing, B.; Henry, J.; Abbatucci, J.; Burgers, M.; Hayat, M.; Somers, R.; Laugier, A.; Carde, P.

    1985-01-01

    A multivariate analysis of the prognostic factors was carried out with a Cox model on 1,139 patients with clinical Stage I + II Hodgkin's disease included in three controlled clinical trials. The following indicators had been prospectively registered: aged, sex, systemic symptoms, erythrocyte sedimentation, results of staging laparotomy when performed, as well as the date and type of treatment. A linear logistic analysis showed that most of the indicators are interrelated. This emphasizes the necessity of a multivariate analysis in order to assess the independent influence of each of them. The two main prognostic indicators for relapse-free survival are systemic symptoms and/or ESR and number of involved areas. The only significant factor for survival after relapse is age. Sex has a small but significant influence on relapse-free survival. The relative influence of each indicator varies with the type of treatment and these variations may help in understanding the biologic significance of the indicators.

  12. The Identification of Prognostic Factors and Survival Statistics of Conventional Central Chondrosarcoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sjoerd P. F. T. Nota

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Chondrosarcomas are malignant bone tumors that are characterized by the production of chondroid tissue. Since radiation therapy and chemotherapy have limited effect on chondrosarcoma, treatment of most patients depends on surgical resection. We conducted this study to identify independent predictive factors and survival characteristics for conventional central chondrosarcoma and dedifferentiated central chondrosarcoma. Methods. A systematic literature review was performed in September 2014 using the Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane databases. Subsequent to a beforehand-composed selection procedure we included 13 studies, comprising a total of 1114 patients. Results. The prognosis of central chondrosarcoma is generally good for the histologically low-grade tumors. Prognosis for the high-grade chondrosarcoma and the dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma is poor with lower survival rates. Poor prognostic factors in conventional chondrosarcoma for overall survival are high-grade tumors and axial/pelvic tumor location. In dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma the percentage of dedifferentiated component has significant influence on disease-free survival. Conclusion. Despite the fact that there are multiple prognostic factors identified, as shown in this study, there is a need for prospective and comparative studies. The resulting knowledge about prognostic factors and survival can give direction in the development of better therapies. This could eventually lead to an evidence-based foundation for treating chondrosarcoma patients.

  13. Prognostic factors for parotid metastasis of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobin, C; Ingrand, P; Dréno, B; Rio, E; Malard, O; Espitalier, F

    2017-10-31

    Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) develops on the head in 80% of cases. Parotid metastasis (PM) is rare, but treatment, which associates surgery and radiation therapy, is heavy and prognosis poor. All cases of parotidectomy for PM of CSCC of the head and neck between 2005 and 2015 were studied retrospectively. Epidemiologic, oncologic and therapeutic data were analyzed. Overall and specific survival were calculated following Kaplan-Meier. Log-rank and Cox models were used to identify prognostic factors for PM. The principal study objective was to identify factors for survival in PM from CSCC of the head and neck. Thirty-five patients were included. Mean time to onset of PM was 13months. Overall 1-, 2- and 5-year survival was respectively 70, 66 and 59%. Independent prognostic factors comprised immunodepression, age at treatment, positive CSCC margins, macroscopic facial nerve involvement, and metastatic cervical adenopathies. The study confirmed an association of several independent prognostic factors at the stage of parotid lymph-node metastasis, related to patient, primary CSCC and PM. Complete primary resection is essential to reduce the risk of PM. Intensified radiologic and clinical surveillance should enable early diagnosis. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  14. Prognostic Factors Predicting Poor Outcome in Living-Donor Liver Transplantation for Fulminant Hepatic Failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, T-S; Kim, J M; Kwon, C H D; Kim, S J; Joh, J-W; Lee, S-K

    2017-06-01

    Living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) has been accepted as feasible treatment for fulminant hepatic failure (FHF), although it has generated several debatable issues. In this study, we investigated the prognostic factors predicting fatal outcome after LDLT for FHF. From April 1999 to April 2011, 60 patients underwent LT for acute liver failure, including 42 patients for FHF at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. Among 42 patients, 30 patients underwent LDLT for FHF, and the database of these patients was analyzed retrospectively to investigate the prognostic factors after LDLT for FHF. Among 30 patients, 7 patients (23%) died during the in-hospital period within 6 months, and 23 patients (77%) survived until recently. In univariate analyses, donor age (>35 years), graft volume (GV)/standard liver volume (SLV) (120 minutes), hepatic encephalopathy (grade IV), hepato-renal syndrome (HRS), and history of ventilator care were associated with fatal outcome after LDLT for FHF. In multivariate analyses, HRS, GV/SLV (35 years) were significantly associated with fatal outcome. Although the statistical significance was not shown in this analysis (P = .059), hepatic encephalopathy grade IV also appears to be a risk factor predicting fatal outcome. The survival of patients with FHF undergoing LDLT was comparable to that in published data. In this study, HRS, GV/SLV 35 years are the independent poor prognostic factors. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Clinicopathological analysis of prognostic factors in colorectal carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aura Jurescu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Prediction of prognosis is vital for therapy options in patients with colorectal carcinoma (CRC. We aimed to identify some prognostic factors that could ensure a more adequate prediction of CRC patients’ outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed a study on a group of 253 CRC patients in the County Hospital ofTimișoara. The following variable parameters: age, gender, histological type, depth of tumor invasion (pT, histological grade (G, lymph node metastasis (LNM, lympho-vascular invasion (LVI were analyzed using Fisher’s exact test. RESULTS The incidence of CRC increased with age. Gender distribution was evidenced as follows: 159 (63% were male patients and 94 (37% were female patients. 234 (92% cases were conventional adenocarcinomas (ADK nM, 19 (8% were mucinous adenocarcinomas (ADK M. 1% of cases were pT1 stage, 9% pT2, 58% pT3 and 32% pT4 stage. 5% of the tumors were G1, 95% G2, G3, G4. In pT1&pT2 stages only 4% presented LVI, while in pT3&pT4 LVI was significantly higher, 42% of the examined cases. Only two cases from pT1&pT2 tumors showed LNM vs. 55% (127 cases of pT3&pT4 stages. CONCLUSIONS Tumor stage remains the most important prognostic predictor of clinical outcome for these patients. Pathologic assessment of various clinicopathological factors plays n essential role in patient management. Graphical abstract: Infiltrative aspects of colorectal carcinoma REFERENCES 1. Corman ML. Carcinoma of the Colon. In: Corman ML, editors. Colon and Rectal Surgery. 5-th edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams nad Wilkins. 2005. p. 767-920. 2. Bresalier R. Malignant neoplasms of the large intestine. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Sleisenger MH (Editors. Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease (Pathology, Diagnosis, Management. Philadelphia, London,New York: Saunders. 2002. p. 2215-2263. 3. Schneider N, Langner C. Prognostic stratification of colorectal cancer patients: current perspectives. Cancer Management and Research. 2014;6:291- 300.

  16. Malignant multiple sclerosis: clinical and demographic prognostic factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrício Hampshire-Araújo

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Patients with malignant multiple sclerosis (MMS reach a significant level of disability within a short period of time (Expanded Disability Status Scale score of 6 within five years. The clinical profile and progression of the disease were analyzed in a Brazilian cohort of 293 patients. Twenty-five (8,53% patients were found to have MMS and were compared with the remaining 268 (91,47%. Women, non-white patients, older age at disease onset, shorter intervals between the first attacks, and more attacks in the first two years of the disease were all more common in the MMS group. These findings could serve as prognostic factors when making therapeutic decisions.

  17. Tumor Volume Reduction Rate After Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy as a Prognostic Factor in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yeo, Seung-Gu [Center for Colorectal Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiation Oncology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dae Yong, E-mail: radiopiakim@hanmail.net [Center for Colorectal Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang (Korea, Republic of); Park, Ji Won; Oh, Jae Hwan; Kim, Sun Young; Chang, Hee Jin; Kim, Tae Hyun; Kim, Byung Chang; Sohn, Dae Kyung; Kim, Min Ju [Center for Colorectal Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-02-01

    Purpose: To investigate the prognostic significance of tumor volume reduction rate (TVRR) after preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). Methods and Materials: In total, 430 primary LARC (cT3-4) patients who were treated with preoperative CRT and curative radical surgery between May 2002 and March 2008 were analyzed retrospectively. Pre- and post-CRT tumor volumes were measured using three-dimensional region-of-interest MR volumetry. Tumor volume reduction rate was determined using the equation TVRR (%) = (pre-CRT tumor volume - post-CRT tumor volume) Multiplication-Sign 100/pre-CRT tumor volume. The median follow-up period was 64 months (range, 27-99 months) for survivors. Endpoints were disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: The median TVRR was 70.2% (mean, 64.7% {+-} 22.6%; range, 0-100%). Downstaging (ypT0-2N0M0) occurred in 183 patients (42.6%). The 5-year DFS and OS rates were 77.7% and 86.3%, respectively. In the analysis that included pre-CRT and post-CRT tumor volumes and TVRR as continuous variables, only TVRR was an independent prognostic factor. Tumor volume reduction rate was categorized according to a cutoff value of 45% and included with clinicopathologic factors in the multivariate analysis; ypN status, circumferential resection margin, and TVRR were significant prognostic factors for both DFS and OS. Conclusions: Tumor volume reduction rate was a significant prognostic factor in LARC patients receiving preoperative CRT. Tumor volume reduction rate data may be useful for tailoring surgery and postoperative adjuvant therapy after preoperative CRT.

  18. Histopathologic and dietary prognostic factors for canine mammary carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shofer, F S; Sonnenschein, E G; Goldschmidt, M H; Laster, L L; Glickman, L T

    1989-01-01

    Histologic and dietary prognostic factors for survival following naturally occurring breast cancer were studied for 145 pet dogs. Information was collected from the dog's owner and veterinarian regarding medical and reproductive history, nutritional status, treatment, tumor recurrence, and length of survival. The usual intake of all dog and table foods consumed 1 year prior to diagnosis was obtained using a validated quantitative food frequency questionnaire. A histologic malignancy score was derived based on 7 histopathologic criteria. The mean age of the dogs was 10.4 +/- 2.5 years; 37% had been ovariohysterectomized prior to diagnosis. Product-limit estimates of survival indicated that 6 factors, namely body conformation 1 year prior to diagnosis (p = 0.03), histologic tumor type (p = 0.004), histologic malignancy score (p = 0.02), histologic invasion (p = 0.002), tumor recurrence (p less than 0.0001), and completeness of surgery (p = 0.01) were of prognostic significance. In addition, when dogs were characterized by the percent of total calories they derived from fat and protein, the median survival time for dogs in the low fat group (less than 39%) with protein greater than 27%, 23-27%, and less than 23% was 3 years, 1.2 years, and 6 months, respectively (p = 0.008). For dogs in the high fat group (greater than or equal to 39%), there was no difference in survival for the different intake levels of dietary protein (p = 0.84). When these data were fitted to a proportional hazards model, recurrence, histologic score, tumor type, percent of calories derived from protein, fat group, and a protein-fat group interaction term were statistically significant. Predicted 1 year survival for dogs on a low fat diet with 15%, 25%, and 35% of total calories derived from protein was 17%, 69%, and 93%, respectively.

  19. Prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and its prognostic factors

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    NI Manman

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveTo investigate the prevalence, natural history, and causes of death of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD, as well as related influencing factors. MethodsA total of 833 retired cadres and staff members who underwent physical examination in Shanghai Changzheng Hospital and Shanghai 85 Hospital of the PLA from January 1 to December 31, 2011 and received follow-up visits in either hospital every year since 2011 were enrolled as study subjects, and were divided into NAFLD group (459 patients who were diagnosed with NAFLD before December 31, 2011 and control group (374 patients without liver or biliary diseases. The patients′ clinical data were collected, including body height, body weight, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, blood biochemical parameters, presence or absence of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases, and malignant tumor, and smoking and drinking, and the death time and causes of death were clarified for the patients who died. The prevalence and natural course of NAFLD and related risk factors and prognostic factors were analyzed in this population. The t-test was applied for comparison of continuous data between groups, the chi-square test was applied for comparison of categorical data between groups, the multivariate binary logistic regression was applied to analyze the risk factors for the pathogenesis of NAFLD, and the multinomial logistic regression was applied to analyze the influencing factors for aggravation or alleviation of NAFLD. ResultsThe patients in NAFLD group accounted for 55.1% of all subjects, and the proportion of male patients was higher than that of female patients (58.0% vs 46.7%, χ2=4.962, P=0.026. Compared with the control group, the NAFLD group had significantly higher body mass index (BMI, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, alanine aminotransferase (ALT, fasting blood glucose, serum uric acid, and triglyceride (TG, a significantly higher proportion of

  20. Prognostic factors for urachal cancer: a bayesian model-averaging approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, In Kyong; Lee, Joo Yong; Kwon, Jong Kyou; Park, Jae Joon; Cho, Kang Su; Ham, Won Sik; Hong, Sung Joon; Yang, Seung Choul; Choi, Young Deuk

    2014-09-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate prognostic factors and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in a cohort of 41 patients with urachal carcinoma by use of a Bayesian model-averaging approach. Our cohort included 41 patients with urachal carcinoma who underwent extended partial cystectomy, total cystectomy, transurethral resection, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy at a single institute. All patients were classified by both the Sheldon and the Mayo staging systems according to histopathologic reports and preoperative radiologic findings. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox proportional-hazards regression models were carried out to investigate prognostic factors, and a Bayesian model-averaging approach was performed to confirm the significance of each variable by using posterior probabilities. The mean age of the patients was 49.88 ± 13.80 years and the male-to-female ratio was 24:17. The median follow-up was 5.42 years (interquartile range, 2.8-8.4 years). Five- and 10-year CSS rates were 55.9% and 43.4%, respectively. Lower Sheldon (p=0.004) and Mayo (pcancer-specific mortality in urachal carcinoma. The Mayo staging system might be more effective than the Sheldon staging system. In addition, the multivariate analyses suggested that tumor size may be a prognostic factor for urachal carcinoma.

  1. [Prognostic factors of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in hemorrhagic radiation cystitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouaziz, M; Genestal, M; Perez, G; Bou-Nasr, E; Latorzeff, I; Thoulouzan, M; Game, X; Soulie, M; Beauval, J-B; Huyghe, E

    2017-01-01

    To emphasize prognostic factors of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) on hematuria at 3 and 12 months in the context of a radiation cystitis. A cohort of 134 patients was treated from 2008 to 2013 in the hyperbaric medicine center of Toulouse University Hospital, France for radiation cystitis. Hematuria was ranked using the SOMA score. HBOT has been applied according to a standardized protocol of 20 renewable sessions, with pure oxygen to 2.5 ATA. The median number of sessions at 12 months was 50. HBOT had an efficacy of 83% at 3 months and 81% at 12 months. Twenty percent of patients had minor side effects. Compared to the pre-HBOT period, the number of hospitalizations decreased by 75% following treatment. The efficacy at 3 months was predictive of efficacy at 12 months (P<0.0001). There was an inverse correlation between the initial grade and efficacy at 3 months (P=0.026) and 12 months (P=0.001). A high WHO status diminished HBOT efficacy at 3 and 12 months (P=0.0014 and P<0.0001, respectively). An anticoagulant intake decreased the HBOT response at 12 months (P=0.002). Other parameters had no effects on efficacy. The efficacy at 3 months seems to be predictive of efficacy at 12 months. The initial hematuria grade is inversely correlated with efficacy at 3 and 12 months. It appears necessary to achieve at least 32 HBOT sessions. Moreover, a high WHO status and an anticoagulant intake seem to have a negative prognostic value. 4. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  2. Prognostic factors in patients with metastatic (stage D2) prostate cancer: experience from the Scandinavian Prostatic Cancer Group Study-2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jørgensen, T; Kanagasingam, Y; Kaalhus, O; Tveter, K J; Bryne, M; Skjørten, F; Berner, A; Danielsen, H E

    1997-07-01

    Nuclear texture reflects the overall structures of the chromatin organization. We recently reported the principles and prognostic importance of image analysis of nuclei from metastatic prostate cancer. Immunohistochemical up regulation of the adhesion molecule sialyl Lewis(x) is also reported to be a prognostic parameter. Presently we analyzed statistically the prognostic impact of these 2 new parameters compared to well-known clinical parameters in metastatic prostate cancer. Prognostic factors, such as sedimentation rate, alkaline and acid phosphatases, hemoglobin, testosterone, performance status, pain due to metastasis, T category, histological grade and patient age, were included in a multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis based on 262 patients from the Scandinavian Prostatic Cancer Group Study-2. Extent of bone lesions, deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy, texture analysis and sialyl Lewis(x) molecules based on subsets of these 262 patients were also analyzed in the same multivariate model. This test identified chromatin texture as the most important factor (p < 0.001), followed by reaction of the oligosaccharide sialyl Lewis(x) (p < 0.01). Among the routine clinical and laboratory data, sedimentation rate, alkaline phosphatase and hemoglobin (p < 0.05) showed prognostic importance. Performance status, pain due to metastasis and extent of bone lesions showed prognostic value in the univariate analysis (p < 0.05). These data indicate that computerized nuclear texture analysis as well as up regulation of sialyl Lewis(x) molecules may be new important prognostic factors in metastatic prostate cancer. Furthermore the prognostic importance of sedimentation rate, alkaline phosphatase and hemoglobin was confirmed.

  3. Prognostic factors for relapse in stage I seminoma managed by surveillance: a pooled analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Warde, Padraig; Specht, Lena; Horwich, Alan

    2002-01-01

    PURPOSE: Several management options are available to patients with stage I seminoma, including adjuvant radiotherapy, surveillance, and adjuvant chemotherapy. We performed a pooled analysis of patients from the four largest surveillance studies to better delineate prognostic factors associated...... with disease progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Individual patient data were obtained from each center (Princess Margaret Hospital, Danish Testicular Cancer Study Group, Royal Marsden Hospital, and Royal London Hospital) for 638 patients. Tumor characteristics (size, histologic subtype, invasion of rete testis......, and tumor invasion into small vessels [SVI]) as well as age at diagnosis were analyzed for prognostic importance for relapse. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 7.0 years (range, 0.02 to 17.5 years), 121 relapses were observed for an actuarial 5-year relapse-free rate (RFR) of 82.3%. On univariate analysis...

  4. Prognostic Factors in Patients Hospitalized with Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avinash Agarwal

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundDiabetic ketoacidosis (DKA is characterized by a biochemical triad of hyperglycemia, acidosis, and ketonemia. This condition is life-threatening despite improvements in diabetic care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and biochemical prognostic markers of DKA. We assessed correlations in prognostic markers with DKA-associated morbidity and mortality.MethodsTwo hundred and seventy patients that were hospitalized with DKA over a period of 2 years were evaluated clinically and by laboratory tests. Serial assays of serum electrolytes, glucose, and blood pH were performed, and clinical outcome was noted as either discharged to home or death.ResultsThe analysis indicated that significant predictors included sex, history of type 1 diabetes mellitus or type 2 diabetes mellitus, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total leukocyte count, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II score, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, serum magnesium, serum phosphate, serum osmolality, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminases, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminases, serum albumin, which were further regressed and subjected to multivariate logistic regression (MLR analysis. The MLR analysis indicated that males were 7.93 times more likely to have favorable outcome compared with female patients (odds ratio, 7.93; 95% confidence interval, 3.99 to 13.51, while decreases in mean APACHE II score (14.83 and serum phosphate (4.38 at presentation may lead to 2.86- and 2.71-fold better outcomes, respectively, compared with higher levels (APACHE II score, 25.00; serum phosphate, 6.04.ConclusionSex, baseline biochemical parameters such as APACHE II score, and phosphate level were important predictors of the DKA-associated mortality.

  5. Small Renal Masses: Incidental Diagnosis, Clinical Symptoms, and Prognostic Factors

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    F. M. Sánchez-Martín

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The small renal masses (SRMs have increased over the past two decades due to more liberal use of imaging techniques. SRMs have allowed discussions regarding their prognostic, diagnosis, and therapeutic approach. Materials and methods. Clinical presentation, incidental diagnosis, and prognosis factors of SRMs are discussed in this review. Results. SRMs are defined as lesions less than 4 cm in diameter. SRM could be benign, and most malignant SMRs are low stage and low grade. Clinical symptoms like hematuria are very rare, being diagnosed by chance (incidental in most cases. Size, stage, and grade are still the most consistent prognosis factors in (RCC. An enhanced contrast SRM that grows during active surveillance is clearly malignant, and its aggressive potential increases in those greater than 3 cm. Clear cell carcinoma is the most frequent cellular type of malign SRM. Conclusions. Only some SRMs are benign. The great majority of malign SRMs have good prognosis (low stage and grade, no metastasis with open or laparoscopic surgical treatment (nephron sparing techniques. Active surveillance is an accepted attitude in selected cases.

  6. Prognostic factors for treatment response in patients with lupus nephritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda-Hernández, Dafhne; Cruz-Reyes, Claudia; Angeles, Ulises; Jara, Luis Javier; Saavedra, Miguel Angel

    2014-01-01

    To identify prognostic factors associated with response to induction therapy in lupus nephritis (LN) according to the stage of treatment. We analyzed a retrospective cohort of patients of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with biopsy-proven LN from January 2001 to December 2008. LN was classified according to WHO. All patients received induction therapy and had a minimum follow-up period of two years. We analyzed 18 clinical and laboratory variables that potentially have predictive value for response to therapy. We identified predictors of therapeutic response at 6, 12 and 24 months by univariate and multivariate analysis; odds ratios (OR) with confidence intervals (CI) 95% were also calculated. We reviewed the clinical records of 168 patients, 141 female (84%). The response rate was 69% at 6 months, 86.9% at 12 months and 79.7% at 24 months. Multivariate analysis found that > 25 years of age at diagnosis of LN and the presence of microhematuria were factors associated with good response to induction treatment. At 12 months, baseline creatinine clearance lupus nephritis is associated with favorable response to two years. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  7. Prognostic factors for 1-week survival in dogs diagnosed with meningoencephalitis of unknown aetiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornelis, I; Volk, H A; Van Ham, L; De Decker, S

    2016-08-01

    Although long-term outcomes of meningoencephalitis of unknown aetiology (MUA) in dogs have been evaluated, little is known about short-term survival and initial response to therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate possible prognostic factors for 7-day survival after diagnosis of MUA in dogs. Medical records were reviewed for dogs diagnosed with MUA between 2006 and 2015. Previously described inclusion criteria were used, as well as 7-day survival data for all dogs. A poor outcome was defined as death within 1 week. Of 116 dogs that met inclusion criteria, 30 (26%) died within 7 days of diagnosis. Assessed variables included age, sex, bodyweight, duration of clinical signs and treatment prior to diagnosis, venous blood glucose and lactate levels, white blood cell count on complete blood count, total nucleated cell count/total protein concentration/white blood cell differentiation on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, presence of seizures and cluster seizures, mentation at presentation, neuroanatomical localisation, imaging findings and treatment after diagnosis. Multivariate analysis identified three variables significantly associated with poor outcome; decreased mentation at presentation, presence of seizures, and increased percentage of neutrophils on CSF analysis. Despite initiation of appropriate treatment, more than a quarter of dogs died within 1 week of diagnosis of MUA, emphasising the need for evaluation of short-term prognostic factors. Information from this study could aid clinical staff to provide owners of affected dogs with prognostic information. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Prognostic factors for the success of thermal balloon ablation in the treatment of menorrhagia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bongers, M. Y.; Mol, B. W. J.; Brölmann, H. A. M.

    2002-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To identify predictive factors that will ensure successful menorrhagia treatment using hot fluid balloon endometrial ablation. METHODS: This is a prospective study on patients referred for menorrhagia and treated with hot fluid thermal balloon ablation. Potential prognostic factors for

  9. Incidence, prognostic factors and impact of postoperative delirium after major vascular surgery: A meta-analysis and systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aitken, Sarah Joy; Blyth, Fiona M; Naganathan, Vasi

    2017-10-01

    Although postoperative delirium is a common complication and increases patient care needs, little is known about the predictors and outcomes of delirium in patients having vascular surgery. This review aimed to determine the incidence, prognostic factors and impact of postoperative delirium in vascular surgical patients. MEDLINE and EMBASE were systematically searched for articles published between January 2000 and January 2016 on delirium after vascular surgery. The primary outcome was the incidence of delirium. Secondary outcomes were contributing prognostic factors and impact of delirium. Study quality and risk of bias was assessed using the QUIPS tool for systematic reviews of prognostic studies, and MOOSE guidelines for reviews of observational studies. Quantitative analyses of extracted data were conducted using meta-analysis where possible to determine incidence of delirium and prognostic factors. A qualitative review of outcomes was performed. Fifteen articles were eligible for inclusion. Delirium incidence ranged between 5% and 39%. Meta-analysis found that patients with delirium were older than those without delirium (OR 3.6, pdelirium included increased age (OR 1.04, pdelirium. Data were limited on the impact of procedure complexity, endovascular compared to open surgery or type of anaesthetic. Postoperative delirium occurs frequently, resulting in major morbidity for vascular patients. Improved quality of prognostic studies may identify modifiable peri-operative factors to improve quality of care for vascular surgical patients.

  10. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children and adolescents: prognostic factors and analysis of survival

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Willian Lustosa de Sousa

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and laboratory features of children and adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated at three referral centers in Ceará and evaluate prognostic factors for survival, including age, gender, presenting white blood cell count, immunophenotype, DNA index and early response to treatment.METHODS: Seventy-six under 19-year-old patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with the Grupo Brasileiro de Tratamento de Leucemia da Infância - acute lymphoblastic leukemia-93 and -99 protocols between September 2007 and December 2009 were analyzed. The diagnosis was based on cytological, immunophenotypic and cytogenetic criteria. Associations between variables, prognostic factors and response to treatment were analyzed using the chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. Overall and event-free survival were estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis and compared using the log-rank test. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify independent prognostic factors.RESULTS: The average age at diagnosis was 6.3 ± 0.5 years and males were predominant (65%. The most frequently observed clinical features were hepatomegaly, splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy. Central nervous system involvement and mediastinal enlargement occurred in 6.6% and 11.8%, respectively. B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia was more common (89.5% than T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia. A DNA index >1.16 was found in 19% of patients and was associated with favorable prognosis. On Day 8 of induction therapy, 95% of the patients had lymphoblast counts <1000/µL and white blood cell counts <5.0 Ã- 109/L. The remission induction rate was 95%, the induction mortality rate was 2.6% and overall survival was 72%.CONCLUSION: The prognostic factors identified are compatible with the literature. The 5-year overall and event-free survival rates were lower than those reported for developed countries. As shown by the multivariate analysis, age

  11. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children and adolescents: prognostic factors and analysis of survival

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lustosa de Sousa, Daniel Willian; de Almeida Ferreira, Francisco Valdeci; Cavalcante Félix, Francisco Helder; de Oliveira Lopes, Marcos Vinicios

    2015-01-01

    Objective To describe the clinical and laboratory features of children and adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated at three referral centers in Ceará and evaluate prognostic factors for survival, including age, gender, presenting white blood cell count, immunophenotype, DNA index and early response to treatment. Methods Seventy-six under 19-year-old patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with the Grupo Brasileiro de Tratamento de Leucemia da Infância – acute lymphoblastic leukemia-93 and -99 protocols between September 2007 and December 2009 were analyzed. The diagnosis was based on cytological, immunophenotypic and cytogenetic criteria. Associations between variables, prognostic factors and response to treatment were analyzed using the chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. Overall and event-free survival were estimated by Kaplan–Meier analysis and compared using the log-rank test. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify independent prognostic factors. Results The average age at diagnosis was 6.3 ± 0.5 years and males were predominant (65%). The most frequently observed clinical features were hepatomegaly, splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy. Central nervous system involvement and mediastinal enlargement occurred in 6.6% and 11.8%, respectively. B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia was more common (89.5%) than T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia. A DNA index >1.16 was found in 19% of patients and was associated with favorable prognosis. On Day 8 of induction therapy, 95% of the patients had lymphoblast counts <1000/μL and white blood cell counts <5.0 × 109/L. The remission induction rate was 95%, the induction mortality rate was 2.6% and overall survival was 72%. Conclusion The prognostic factors identified are compatible with the literature. The 5-year overall and event-free survival rates were lower than those reported for developed countries. As shown by the multivariate analysis, age and baseline white

  12. Immunosuppression is an independent prognostic factor associated with aggressive tumor behavior in cutaneous melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donahue, Tracy; Lee, Christina Y; Sanghvi, Asmi; Obregon, Roxana; Sidiropoulos, Michael; Cooper, Chelsea; Merkel, Emily A; Yélamos, Oriol; Ferris, Laura; Gerami, Pedram

    2015-09-01

    A number of factors other than those identified by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) may have prognostic significance in the evaluation of melanoma. We sought to evaluate commonly recorded clinical features potentially associated with aggressive melanoma. We conducted a retrospective case-control study. We included patients given a diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma with at least 5 years of follow-up or documented metastases. Patients were divided into nonaggressive and aggressive groups. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were performed to evaluate the association of multiple clinical and histologic parameters and metastases. We included 141 patients. Significant prognostic factors in univariate analysis associated with nonaggressive disease included history of dysplastic nevus syndrome and ABCDE criteria. Significant factors in univariate analysis associated with aggressive disease included age and immunosuppression. Only age and immunosuppression remained significant in multivariate analysis when controlled across statistically significant histologic variables from AJCC. The study is retrospective and has a small sample size. Older patients and those with a history of immunosuppression may be at higher risk for aggressive disease and should be closely monitored after an initial diagnosis of melanoma. Copyright © 2015 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. PROGNOSTIC FACTORS OF LUMBAR DISCECTOMY RECOVERY.A PROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS

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    Thiago Kolachinski Brandão

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To perform a prospective analysis of the quality of life prognostic factors in patients undergoing lumbar discectomy after two years of the procedure, relating the tools Short Form Health Survey, Roland Morris, Oswestry Disability Index, and VAS. Methods: Seventy-two patients were evaluated through the questionnaires in the preoperative, and one month, six months, one year and two years in the postoperative period, being performed lumbar discectomy after failure of conservative treatment. Results: We observed an improvement in comparative analysis during follow-up regarding baseline values. Conclusion: The domains social aspect, pain, general state, emotional aspect, mental health and vitality presented an improvement from the first month after the surgery; however, the domain functional capacity only showed significant improvement after 6 months and the physical aspects only after one year. Roland-Morris and VAS scales improved after one month after surgery, but Oswestry scale showed that for the measured aspects there was only improvement after six months of surgery.

  14. Prognostic Factors and Survival in Pediatric and Adolescent Liposarcoma

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    Eric J. Stanelle

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Liposarcoma is extremely rare in the pediatric population. To identify prognostic factors and determine treatment outcomes, we reviewed our institutional experience with pediatric liposarcoma. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed all pediatric patients (age <22 years with confirmed liposarcoma treated at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. Histologic subtype, tumor location, margin status, recurrence, and adjuvant therapy were analyzed and correlated with overall survival. Results. Thirty-four patients (56% male with a median age of 18.1 years were identified. Twenty-two (65% had peripheral tumors and 12 (35% had centrally located tumors. Histologically, 29 (85% tumors were low grade, and 5 (15% were high grade pleomorphic. Eleven (32% had recurrent disease, 9 patients with central tumors and 2 patients with peripheral lesions. Eight deaths occurred, all in patients with central disease. Five-year overall survival was 78%, with a median follow-up time of 5.4 years (range, 0.3–30.3 years. Tumor grade (=.003, histologic subtype (=.01, and primary location (<.001 all correlated with survival, as did stage (<.001 and margin status (=.001. Conclusions. Central location of the primary tumor, high tumor grade, and positive surgical margins are strongly correlated with poor survival in pediatric patients with liposarcoma.

  15. Prognostic factors and outcomes for osteosarcoma: an international collaboration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pakos, Emilios E.; Nearchou, Andreas D.; Grimer, Robert J.; Koumoullis, Haris D.; Abudu, Adesegun; Bramer, Jos A. M.; Jeys, Lee M.; Franchi, Alessandro; Scoccianti, Guido; Campanacci, Domenico; Capanna, Rodolfo; Aparicio, Jorge; Tabone, Marie-Dominique; Holzer, Gerold; Abdolvahab, Fashid; Funovics, Philipp; Dominkus, Martin; Ilhan, Inci; Berrak, Su G.; Patino-Garcia, Ana; Sierrasesumaga, Luis; San-Julian, Mikel; Garraus, Moira; Petrilli, Antonio Sergio; Filho, Reynaldo Jesus Garcia; Macedo, Carla Renata Pacheco Donato; Alves, Maria Teresa de Seixas; Seiwerth, Sven; Nagarajan, Rajaram; Cripe, Timothy P.; Ioannidis, John P. A.

    2009-01-01

    We aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of traditional clinical predictors in osteosarcoma through an international collaboration of 10 teams of investigators (2680 patients) who participated. In multivariate models the mortality risk increased with older age, presence of metastatic disease

  16. [Prognostic factors in diagnosed endometrial cancers determining the type of radical surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanov, S; Tomov, S

    2009-01-01

    Our aim was to research and evaluate for 10 years period the most important prognostic factors, related and determining the choice of suitable type of radical surgical treatment. It was performed in diagnosed endometrial cancer patients. We researched 460 patients with endometrial cancer for 10 years period. All of them were operated by radical programme. We evaluated the following prognostic factors: stage, age, histological type, tumor grading, invasion of the tumor in myometrium, tumor volume, peritoneal cytology, LVSI, hormonal receptor status, nuclear grading, DNA--ploidy, the extent of the lymph node dissection (number of lymph nodes) and specific genetic alterations connected with endometrial cancers. The surgical determined stage was the most important prognostic factor. The age was independent factor. The histological type was very important prognostic factor--the endometrioid cancers were with better survival rate (89%) in comparison with the rare papillary-serous and clear cell cancers (30%). The tumor grading and myometrical invasion had a very important prognostic significance. When the patients were with grade 3 and infiltration in the outer third of myometrium--the positive pelvic lymph nodes were 30% and the paraaortal--20%. The tumor volume according to us is an independent prognostic factor. When the diameter of the tumor was less than 2 cm--the metastases in the lymph nodes were 3% and when the diameter was more than 2 cm--the metastases were 18%. If the tumor volume occupied the whole endometrial cavity and invasion in myometrium was deep, we had 40% metastases in the lymph nodes. The peritoneal cytology had a relative risk. The LVSI was independent prognostic factor. The ER and PR were independent prognostic factors. The nuclear grading--according to our results is a significant prognostic factor. The aneuploidy was the strongest independent factor for bad survival after age and stage. The extent (the volume) of the lymph node dissection was

  17. Clinical outcomes of adjuvant radiation therapy and prognostic factors in early stage uterine cervical cancer

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    Kim, Hyun Ju; Rhee, Woo Joong; Choi, Seo Hee; Kim, Gwi Eon; Kim, Yong Bae [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Nam, EunJi; Kim, Sang Wun; Kim, Sung Hoon [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-06-15

    To evaluate the outcomes of adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) and to analyze prognostic factors of survival in the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) IB-IIA uterine cervical cancer. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 148 patients with FIGO IB-IIA uterine cervical cancer who underwent surgery followed by adjuvant RT at the Yonsei Cancer Center between June 1997 and December 2011. Adjuvant radiotherapy was delivered to the whole pelvis or an extended field with or without brachytherapy. Among all patients, 57 (38.5%) received adjuvant chemotherapy either concurrently or sequentially. To analyze prognostic factors, we assessed clinicopathologic variables and metabolic parameters measured on preoperative {sup 18}F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). To evaluate the predictive performance of metabolic parameters, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. The median follow-up period was 63.2 months (range, 2.7 to 206.8 months). Locoregional recurrence alone occurred in 6 patients, while distant metastasis was present in 16 patients, including 2 patients with simultaneous regional failure. The 5-year and 10-year OSs were 87.0% and 85.4%, respectively. The 5-year and 10-year DFSs were 83.8% and 82.5%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, pathologic type and tumor size were shown to be significant prognostic factors associated with both DFS and OS. In subset analysis of 40 patients who underwent preoperative PET/CT, total lesion glycolysis was shown to be the most significant prognostic factor among the clinicopathologic variables and metabolic parameters for DFS. Our results demonstrated that adjuvant RT following hysterectomy effectively improves local control. From the subset analysis of preoperative PET/CT, we can consider that metabolic parameters may hold prognostic

  18. Prognostic Factors for Niche Development in the Uterine Caesarean Section Scar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voet, Lucy Lucet F van der; Vaate, A Marjolein J Bij de; Heymans, Martijn W; Brölmann, Hans A M; Veersema, Sebastiaan; Huirne, Judith A F

    2017-06-01

    In a prospective study on 134 women after their first cesarean section prognostic factors for developing an uterine niche (scar defect) measured with sonohysterography were evaluated. With multivariable logistic regression anlaysis the following prognostic factors were identified; enlarged cervical dilatation and induction of labour. Contractions before labour reduced the risk for niche development. The predictive value of the model made with this prognostic factors was low. The development of a niche is a multifactorial proces and more studies are needed. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Prognostic Factors for Recovery After Anterior Debridement/Bone Grafting and Posterior Instrumentation for Lumbar Spinal Tuberculosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Yuan; Zhang, Huiyu; Liu, Huan; Zhang, Zhengfeng; Tang, Yu; Zhou, Yue

    2017-08-01

    Anterior debridement/bone grafting/posterior instrumentation is a common selection for the treatment of lumbar spinal tuberculosis (LST). To date, no study has focused on the prognostic factors for recovery after this surgery. We included 144 patients who experienced anterior debridement/bone grafting/posterior instrumentation for LST. The recovery rate based on the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score was used to assess recovery. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis were used to identify the prognostic factors for recovery postoperatively. For the prognostic factors worth further consideration, the changes in JOA scores within the 24-month follow-up period were identified by repeated-measures analysis of variance. Paralysis/nonparalysis, duration of symptoms (≥3/2/≤2), and posterior open/percutaneous instrumentation were identified as prognostic factors for recovery postoperatively. The prognostic factor of open/percutaneous instrumentation was then further compared for potential clinical application. Patients in the percutaneous instrumentation group achieved higher JOA scores than those in the open instrumentation group in the early stages postoperatively (1-3 months), but this effect equalized at 6 months postoperatively. Patients in the open instrumentation group experienced longer operation time and less cost than those in the percutaneous instrumentation group. Nonparalysis, shorter symptom duration, fewer involved vertebrae, and posterior percutaneous instrumentation (compared with open instrumentation) are considered favorable prognostic factors. Patients in the percutaneous instrumentation group achieved higher JOA scores than those in the open instrumentation group in the early stages postoperatively (1-3 months), but no significant difference was observed in long-term JOA scores (6-24 months). Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  20. Prognostic Factors for Satisfaction After Decompression Surgery for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Rune Tendal; Bouknaitir, Jamal Bech; Fruensgaard, Søren

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis is associated with both short- and long-term benefits with improvements in patient function and pain. Even though most patients are satisfied postoperatively, some studies report that up to one-third of patients are dissatisfied. OBJECTIVE......: To present clinical outcome data and identify prognostic factors related to patient satisfaction 1 yr after posterior decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis. METHOD: This multicenter register study included 2562 patients. Patients were treated with various types of posterior decompression. Patients...

  1. [Prognostic Factors of Open Abdomen Treatment in Visceral Surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Websky, Martin W; Jedig, Agnes; Willms, Arnulf; Jafari, Azin; Matthaei, Hanno; Kalff, Jörg C; Manekeller, Steffen

    2017-06-01

    Introduction In general surgery, open abdomen treatment (OAT) is used to treat abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) and sepsis, often after a primary surgical procedure associated with complications. The results achieved in this patient population may depend on factors that are yet unknown. This study evaluates independent patient-related prognostic factors after OAT. Methods 38 clinical parameters and survival data of 165 consecutive general surgery patients after OAT were entered into a prospective database according to a defined algorithm in order to analyse the underlying surgical pathology, predictors of survival and important aspects of OAT-related morbidity. Independent predictors of survival, OAT-related morbidity and duration of hospital stay were identified. Results Common indications for OAT were peritonitis, haemorrhage and ACS. Median age was 60 years and > 80 % of patients were ASA III/IV; median follow-up was 23 months. Oncologic surgery was performed in 19 % of cases. 30-day and 1-year mortality was 11 % and 34 %, respectively. Malignancy was a negative predictor (OR: 4.63, 95 % CI: 2.00-10.7) while mild obesity (BMI 25-35) and primary fascial closure, which was achieved in 82 % of patients, improved survival (OR: 0.2, 95 % CI: 0.07-0.55; OR: 0.19, 95 % CI: 0.06-0.57). Enteroatmospheric fistula (EAF) and giant hernia with impossible fascial closure were frequent after OAT (19 and 18 %), and malignancy was an independent risk factor for EAF (OR 3.47, CI [95 %]: 1.41-8.53). Vacuum-assisted wound closure or polyglactin mesh interposition did not affect EAF incidence. Conclusions General surgery patients after OAT differ significantly from trauma patients, and mortality as well as long-term morbidity is high. Outcome is greatly determined by independent patient-related factors after OAT. A tailored surgical approach based on objective evidence is needed to further improve the results after OAT. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart

  2. Unexplained infertility: live-birth's prognostic factors to determine the ART management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohannessian, Alexandra; Loundou, Anderson; Gnisci, Audrey; Paulmyer-Lacroix, Odile; Perrin, Jeanne; Courbiere, Blandine

    2017-12-01

    The purpose of this retrospective observational study was to identify prognostic factors that lead to a live birth (LB) in couples with unexplained infertility in order to define the best assisted-reproductive technique (ART) strategy. Prognostic factors of couples with unexplained infertility managed initially with gonadotropin intrauterine inseminations (IUI) at a single university fertility center were analyzed. Infertility was not considered "unexplained" in case of mild male infertility and suspicion of diminished ovarian reserve (FSH>10 IU/L). ART management consisted to start with IUI cycles and then, if failure, to propose in vitro fertilization (IVF). Couples were compared according to the results of IUI cycles in terms of LB. Between January 2011 and July 2015, 133 couples with unexplained infertility were included (320 IUI cycles). The average age of women was 31.6±4.6 years and the average number of IUI per couple was 2.4±1.2. The IUI live birth rate (LBR) was 37.6%, with an average of 2 cycles to obtain a pregnancy. For 63 couples, no pregnancy occurred after IUI cycles. The prognostic factors of the two groups "LB after IUI" vs. "no LB after IUI" were not statistically different. The remaining 20 couples had a spontaneous pregnancy with a LB. Cumulative LBR, including spontaneous and ART pregnancies, was 65.7%. Of the 63 couples with no LB after IUI, 33.3% dropped-out from infertility treatments before starting IVF. To avoid couple's drop-out, we advise to start infertility treatment for unexplained infertility with two IUI before undergoing IVF if IUI failure.

  3. Disparities in breast cancer prognostic factors by race, insurance status, and education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeSantis, Carol; Jemal, Ahmedin; Ward, Elizabeth

    2010-09-01

    Black women are more likely to be diagnosed with advanced stage and other less favorable breast cancer prognostic factors than white women. The aim of this study was to examine the extent to which markers of socioeconomic position accounts for black-white differences in these factors. Our study included 193,969 women diagnosed with invasive breast cancers during 2004-2005 from the National Cancer Database, which represents about 72% of all patients with cancer treated in the United States. Compared to white women, black women are more likely to be diagnosed with breast tumors that are less differentiated (odds ratio (OR) = 2.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.44-2.66), hormone receptor negative (OR = 2.29, 95% CI 2.22-2.37), large (OR = 1.87, 95% CI 1.80-1.95), metastatic (OR = 1.89, 95% CI 1.78-2.00), and lymph node-positive (OR = 1.44, 95% CI 1.40-1.48). In multivariable analyses, adjustment for insurance and area-level educational attainment explained 31-39% of the differences in tumor size and metastasis, but only about 14% of the differences in grade and hormone receptors. After accounting for race and other covariates, uninsured women remained 3.66 (95% CI 3.30-4.07) times more likely to have metastasis and 2.37 (95% CI 2.17-2.58) times more likely to have large tumors compared to privately insured women. Similarly, the risk of having breast cancer with less favorable prognostic factors increased as area-level educational attainment decreased. Extending health insurance coverage to all women is likely to have an effect on reducing racial disparities in the development of breast cancers with poor prognostic factors.

  4. PROGNOSTIC FACTORS AND SURVIVAL ANALYSIS IN ESOPHAGEAL CARCINOMA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tustumi, Francisco; Kimura, Cintia Mayumi Sakurai; Takeda, Flavio Roberto; Uema, Rodrigo Hideki; Salum, Rubens Antônio Aissar; Ribeiro-Junior, Ulysses; Cecconello, Ivan

    2016-01-01

    Despite recent advances in diagnosis and treatment, esophageal cancer still has high mortality. Prognostic factors associated with patient and with disease itself are multiple and poorly explored. Assess prognostic variables in esophageal cancer patients. Retrospective review of all patients with esophageal cancer in an oncology referral center. They were divided according to histological diagnosis (444 squamous cell carcinoma patients and 105 adenocarcinoma), and their demographic, pathological and clinical characteristics were analyzed and compared to clinical stage and overall survival. No difference was noted between squamous cell carcinoma and esophageal adenocarcinoma overall survival curves. Squamous cell carcinoma presented 22.8% survival after five years against 20.2% for adenocarcinoma. When considering only patients treated with curative intent resection, after five years squamous cell carcinoma survival rate was 56.6 and adenocarcinoma, 58%. In patients with squamous cell carcinoma, poor differentiation histology and tumor size were associated with worse oncology stage, but this was not evidenced in adenocarcinoma. Weight loss (kg), BMI variation (kg/m²) and percentage of weight loss are factors that predict worse stage at diagnosis in the squamous cell carcinoma. In adenocarcinoma, these findings were not statistically significant. Apesar dos avanços recentes nos métodos diagnósticos e tratamento, o câncer de esôfago mantém alta mortalidade. Fatores prognósticos associados ao paciente e ao câncer propriamente dito são pouco conhecidos. Investigar variáveis prognósticas no câncer esofágico. Pacientes diagnosticados entre 2009 e 2012 foram analisados e subdivididos de acordo com tipo histológico (444 carcinomas espinocelulares e 105 adenocarcinomas), e então características demográficas, anatomopatológicas e clínicas foram analisadas. Não houve diferença entre os dois tipos histológicos na sobrevida global. Carcinoma espinocelular

  5. Malignant cord compression: A critical appraisal of prognostic factors predicting functional outcome after surgical treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia Putz

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Advanced tumor disease and metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC are two entities with a high impact on patients′ quality of life. However, prognostic factors on the outcome after primary decompressive surgery are less well-defined and not yet standardized. The aim of this review was to identify prognostic variables that predict functional or ambulatory outcomes in surgically treated patients with symptomatic MSCC. Materials and Methods: We conducted MEDLINE database searches using relevant keywords in order to identify abstracts referring to prognostic factors on ambulatory outcomes in surgically treated MSCC patients. Details of all selected articles were assembled and the rates of ambulation were stratified. Results: Evidence from five retrospective comparative trials and one observational prospective study summarizes different prognostic factors with a positive or negative influence on postoperative ambulatory status. Ambulatory patients maintaining ambulation status after decompression of the spinal cord constituted 62.1%. The overall rate of MSCC patients losing the ability to ambulate was 7.5% compared to 23.5 % who regained ambulation. Preoperative ambulation status, time to surgery, compression fracture and individual health status seem to be the most relevant prognostic factors for ambulatory outcome. Conclusions: There is a lack of standardized prognostic tools which allow predicting outcome in surgically treated patients. A quantitative score consisting of reliable prognostic tools is essential to predict loss and/or regain of ambulation and requires validation in future prospective clinical trials.

  6. Prognostic factors for disability and sick leave in patients with subacute non-malignant pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valentin, Gitte H; Pilegaard, Marc S; Vaegter, Henrik B

    2016-01-01

    criteria were cohort studies investigating the prediction of disability or long-term sick leave in adults with a subacute pain condition in a primary care setting. 19 studies were included, referring to a total of 6266 patients suffering from pain in the head, neck, back and shoulders. PRIMARY....... The quality of evidence was presented according to the GRADE WG recommendations. Several factors were found to be associated with disability at follow-up for at least two different pain symptoms. However, owing to insufficient studies, no generic risk factors for sick leave were identified. CONCLUSIONS...... that these factors may not play as large a role as expected in developing disability due to a pain condition. Quality of evidence was moderate, low or very low, implying that confidence in the results is limited. Large prospective prognostic factor studies are needed with sufficient study populations and transparent...

  7. Factors prognostic for phonetic development after cleft palate repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Joon Seok; Kim, Jae Bong; Lee, Jeong Woo; Yang, Jung Dug; Chung, Ho Yun; Cho, Byung Chae; Choi, Kang Young

    2015-10-01

    Palatoplasty is aimed to achieve normal speech, improve food intake, and ensure successful maxillary growth. However, the velopharyngeal function is harder to control than other functions. Therefore, many studies on the prognostic factor of velopharyngeal insufficiency have been conducted. This study aimed to evaluate the relationships between speech outcomes and multimodality based on intraoral and preoperative three-dimensional computerized tomographic (CT) findings. Among 73 children with cleft palate who underwent palatoplasty between April 2011 and August 2014 at Kyungpook National University Hospital (KNUH), 27 were retrospectively evaluated. The 27 cases were non-syndromic, for which successful speech evaluation was conducted by a single speech-language pathologist (Table 1). Successful speech evaluation was defined as performing the test three times in 6-month intervals. Three intraoral parameters were measured before and immediately after operation (Fig. 1). On axial- and coronal-view preoperative facial CT, 5 and 2 different parameters were analyzed, respectively (Figs. 2 and 3). Regression analysis (SPSS IBM 22.0) was used in the statistical analysis. Two-flap palatoplasty and Furlow's double opposing Z-plasty were performed in 15 and 12 patients, respectively. The operation was performed 11 months after birth on average. Children with a higher palatal arch and wider maxillary tuberosity distance showed hypernasality (p palate width and height, rather than initial diagnosis, treatment method, or palate length. Therefore, a more active intervention is needed, such as orthopedic appliance, posterior pharyngeal wall augmentation, or early speech training. Copyright © 2015 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the breast: prognostic factors and treatment outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Y

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Yao Sun,1 Monika Joks,2 Li-Ming Xu,1 Xiu-Li Chen,1 Dong Qian,1 Jin-Qiang You,1 Zhi-Yong Yuan1 1Department of Radiation Oncology, CyberKnife Center, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Poznan University of Medical Science, Poznan, Poland Background: The breast is a rare site of extranodal involvement of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. We aimed to assess the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors, and treatment outcomes of breast DLBCL.Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed 113 patients (from our institution and the literature between 1973 and 2014. The primary end point was overall survival (OS. Kaplan–Meier OS curves were compared with the log-rank test. Cox regression analysis was applied to determine the prognostic factors for OS, progression-free survival (PFS, local control (LC, and cause-specific survival (CSS.Results: A total of 113 patients were included in the study: 42 cases from our hospital and 71 cases from 12 publications. The median age at diagnosis was 58 years. With a median follow-up time of 39.2 months, the estimated 5-year OS, PFS, LC, and CSS were 71.4%, 58.8%, 75.6%, and 74.9%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, more than four cycles of chemotherapy, having localized cancer, lumpectomy with or without axillary lymph node (ALN dissection, and low to low-to-intermediate International Prognostic Index were favorable factors for OS. For PFS, significant prognostic factors were rituximab use, B symptoms, and tumor size. As for the local group, lumpectomy with or without ALN dissection and more than four cycles of chemotherapy were favorable factors for OS. Tumor size >4 cm and nonuse of rituximab were adverse factors for PFS. Twenty-one patients (18.6% developed local relapse and 33 (29

  9. Correlation between molybdenum target mammography signs and pathological prognostic factors of breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Y; Ma, A D; Jia, H X

    2016-01-01

    This study explores the correlation between molybdenum target (mo-target) mammography signs and pathological prognostic factors of breast cancer. We selected 320 breast cancer patients who were treated between January 2014 and January 2016; using single-factor and multiple-factor logistic regression method, we made correlation analysis on their clinical features, pathological features and mo-target mammography signs. Among mo-target mammography signs, lumps accompanied with calcification and blurry edge were associated with high histologic grades; lumps accompanied with calcification and clear edge were associated with Ki-67 positive; compared with the patients who had lumps with non-stellate edges, positive rates of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) were significantly higher for the patients who had lumps with stellate edges (p target mammography signs mainly include lumps and calcification. Mo-target mammography can improve the accuracy of diagnosis and reduce misdiagnosis or missed diagnosis. Part of mo-target mammography signs are associated with clinical pathology prognostic factors; by grasping the relation, breast cancer patient conditions are expected to be relieved.

  10. Comorbidity is an independent prognostic factor in women with uterine corpus cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noer, Mette C; Sperling, Cecilie; Christensen, Ib J

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine whether comorbidity independently affects overall survival in women with uterine corpus cancer. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Denmark. STUDY POPULATION: A total of 4244 patients registered in the Danish Gynecologic Cancer database with uterine corpus cancer from 1 January....... RESULTS: Univariate survival analysis showed a significant (p independent prognostic factor with hazard ratios...... ranging from 1.27 to 1.42 in mild, 1.69 to 1.74 in moderate, and 1.72 to 2.48 in severe comorbidity. Performance status was independently associated to overall survival and was found to slightly reduce the prognostic impact of comorbidity. CONCLUSION: Comorbidity is an independent prognostic factor...

  11. Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index as a Prognostic Factor in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Kang, Seok Hui; Cho, Kyu Hyang; Park, Jong Won; Yoon, Kyung Woo; Do, Jun Young

    2013-01-01

    ♦ Background: The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) might be a useful screening tool for malnutrition in dialysis patients. However, data concerning the GNRI as a prognostic factor in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are scarce.

  12. Systematic review of prognostic factors predicting outcome in non-surgically treated patients with sciatica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verwoerd, A J H; Luijsterburg, P A J; Lin, C W C; Jacobs, W C H; Koes, B W; Verhagen, A P

    2013-09-01

    Identification of prognostic factors for surgery in patients with sciatica is important to be able to predict surgery in an early stage. Identification of prognostic factors predicting persistent pain, disability and recovery are important for better understanding of the clinical course, to inform patient and physician and support decision making. Consequently, we aimed to systematically review prognostic factors predicting outcome in non-surgically treated patients with sciatica. A search of Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Cinahl, up to March 2012 was performed for prospective cohort studies on prognostic factors for non-surgically treated sciatica. Two reviewers independently selected studies for inclusion and assessed the risk of bias. Outcomes were pain, disability, recovery and surgery. A best evidence synthesis was carried out in order to assess and summarize the data. The initial search yielded 4392 articles of which 23 articles reporting on 14 original cohorts met the inclusion criteria. High clinical, methodological and statistical heterogeneity among studies was found. Reported evidence regarding prognostic factors predicting the outcome in sciatica is limited. The majority of factors that have been evaluated, e.g., age, body mass index, smoking and sensory disturbance, showed no association with outcome. The only positive association with strong evidence was found for leg pain intensity at baseline as prognostic factor for subsequent surgery. © 2013 European Federation of International Association for the Study of Pain Chapters.

  13. Prognostic factors in patients with brain metastasis from non-small cell lung cancer treated with whole-brain radiotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harada, Hideyuki; Asakura, Hirofumi; Ogawa, Hirofumi; Mori, Keita; Takahashi, Toshiaki; Nakasu, Yoko; Nishimura, Tetsuo

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic factors associated with overall survival (OS) in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with brain metastasis who received whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT). This study included 264 consecutive NSCLC patients with brain metastasis who received WBRT. Patients with leptomeningeal metastasis and those who underwent craniotomy or stereotactic radiotherapy before WBRT were excluded. The evaluated prognostic factors for OS included gender, neurological deficit, histology, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status, previous cytotoxic chemotherapy, previous EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment, recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) class, and diagnosis-specific graded prognostic assessment (DS-GPA) score. All factors with a P < 0.05 in univariate analysis were entered into multivariate analysis using Cox regression and a confidence interval of 99%. Two hundred thirty patients had died, 14 patients were alive, and 20 patients were lost to follow-up. The median follow-up time was 20.9 months. The median survival time was 5.5 months (95% confidence interval; 4.8-6.3). Univariate analysis showed that gender, neurological deficit, histology, EGFR mutation status, RPA class, and DS-GPA score were significant prognostic factors for OS. In multivariate analysis, RPA class and histology were found to be significant prognostic factors for OS, with P values of 0.0039 and 0.0014, respectively. RPA Class I or II (Karnofsky Performance Status ≥70) and adenocarcinoma histology were associated with longer OS. These factors should be taken into account when considering indication for WBRT.

  14. A prospective study of prognostic factors for duration of sick leave after endoscopic carpal tunnel release

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalsgaard Jesper

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Endoscopic carpal tunnel release with a single portal technique has been shown to reduce sick leave compared to open carpal tunnel release, claiming to be a less invasive procedure and reducing scar tenderness leading to a more rapid return to work, and the purpose of this study was to identify prognostic factors for prolonged sick leave after endoscopic carpal tunnel release in a group of employed Danish patients. Methods The design was a prospective study including 75 employed patients with carpal tunnel syndrome operated with ECTR at two hospitals. The mean age was 46 years (SD 10.1, the male/female ratio was 0.42, and the mean preoperative duration of symptoms 10 months (range 6-12. Only 21 (28% were unable to work preoperatively and mean sick leave was 4 weeks (range 1-4. At base-line and at the 3-month follow-up, a self-administered questionnaire was collected concerning physical, psychological, and social circumstances in relation to the hand problem. Data from a nerve conduction examination were collected at baseline and at the 3-month follow-up. Significant prognostic factors were identified through multiple logistic regression analysis. Results After the operation, the mean functional score was reduced from 2.3 to 1.4 (SD 0.8 and the mean symptom score from 2.9 to 1.5 (SD 0.7. The mean sick leave from work after the operation was 19.8 days (SD 14.3. Eighteen patients (24% had more than 21 days of sick leave. Two patients (3% were still unable to work after 3 months. Significant prognostic factors in the multivariate analysis for more than 21 days of postoperative sick leave were preoperative sick leave, blaming oneself for the hand problem and a preoperative distal motor latency. Conclusion Preoperative sick leave, blaming oneself for the hand problem, and a preoperative distal nerve conduction motor latency were prognostic factors for postoperative work absence of more than 21 days. Other factors may be important

  15. Treatment outcomes and prognostic factors of gallbladder cancer patients after postoperative radiation therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Suzy; Kim, Kyubo; Chie, Eui Kyu; Kim, Sun Whe; Bang, Yung-Jue

    2011-01-01

    Backgrounds/Aims To investigate survival rates and prognostic factors of patients with gallbladder cancer who were treated with surgery and postoperative radiation therapy. Methods Seventeen gallbladder cancer patients who received surgery and postoperative radiotherapy from October 1989 to April 1998 were included in this retrospective study. Five patients had stage II, 8 patients had stage III, and 4 patients had stage IV disease according to the 1997 American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging. All patients received ≥40 Gy of postoperative radiotherapy with a daily dose of 2.0 Gy/fraction and 15 patients received concurrent chemotherapy. An analysis was performed for the end-points of overall and disease-free survival. Results Of the 17 patients, 13 had no residual disease (R0), 1 had microscopic residual disease (R1), and 3 had macroscopic residual disease (R2) after surgery. Among patients with no residual disease, 4 had locoregional recurrences during the follow-up period. One patient with microscopic residual disease had local recurrence. The 5-year overall survival rate was 38.2%. The median overall survival time was 21 months and the median disease-free survival time was 12 months. Old age (≥60 years old), female gender, a high pathological stage (≥IVA), and the presence of residual disease after surgery were significant prognostic factors for disease-free survival. Conclusions Despite a high proportion of patients with advanced disease and macroscopic residual disease, the prognosis of gallbladder patients who had postoperative radiotherapy is encouraging. Additional investigation to improve the loco-regional control of gallbladder cancer patients with adverse prognostic factors is warranted. PMID:26421032

  16. Clinical presentation and prognostic factors of Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis according to the focus of infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuelsson Susanne

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We conducted a nationwide study in Denmark to identify clinical features and prognostic factors in patients with Streptococcus pneumoniae according to the focus of infection. Methods Based on a nationwide registration, clinical information's was prospectively collected from all reported cases of pneumococcal meningitis during a 2-year period (1999–2000. Clinical and laboratory findings at admission, clinical course and outcome of the disease including follow-up audiological examinations were collected retrospectively. The focus of infection was determined according to the clinical diagnosis made by the physicians and after review of the medical records. Results 187 consecutive cases with S. pneumoniae meningitis were included in the study. The most common focus was ear (30%, followed by lung (18%, sinus (8%, and other (2%. In 42% of cases a primary infection focus could not be determined. On admission, fever and an altered mental status were the most frequent findings (in 93% and 94% of cases, respectively, whereas back rigidity, headache and convulsion were found in 57%, 41% and 11% of cases, respectively. 21% of patients died during hospitalisation (adults: 27% vs. children: 2%, Fisher Exact Test, P P = 0.0005. Prognostic factors associated with fatal outcome in univariate logistic regression analysis were advanced age, presence of an underlying disease, history of headache, presence of a lung focus, absence of an otogenic focus, having a CT-scan prior to lumbar puncture, convulsions, requirement of assisted ventilation, and alterations in various CSF parameters (WBC P P = 0.005. Conclusion These results emphasize the prognostic importance of an early recognition of a predisposing focus to pneumococcal meningitis.

  17. Prognostic factors affecting the survival of patients with multiple ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1991-01-19

    Jan 19, 1991 ... cantly associated with poor survival: serum creatinine ~ 150 mmolll, haemoglobin < 11 g/dl and ... urine Bence Jones protein, percentage of plasma cells in the bone marrow, proteinuria, and type of ... chain excretion, and lactic dehydrogenase level, recently recog- nised to be of prognostic value, were not ...

  18. Microscopical evaluation of prognostic factors in colorectal cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mesker, Wilhelmina Engelina

    2008-01-01

    Aims and outline of the thesis. Since Fearon and Vogelstein in 1990 presented the genetic model for the adeno-carcinoma sequence of colorectal cancer, many prognostic studies varying from early stage markers to markers involved in late progression and liver metastases have followed. As has become

  19. Prognostic factors for neck pain in general practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoving, J.L.; de Vet, H.C.W.; Twisk, J.W.R.; Deville, W.L.J.M.; van der Windt, D.A.W.M.; Koes, B.W.; Bouter, L.M.

    2004-01-01

    Prognostic studies on neck pain are scarce and are typically restricted to short-term follow-up only. In this prospective cohort study, indicators of short- and long-term outcomes of neck pain were identified that can easily be measured in general practice. Patients between 18 and 70 years of age,

  20. Identification of prognostic factors for chronicity in patients with low back pain: a review of screening instruments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melloh, M; Elfering, A; Egli Presland, C; Roeder, C; Barz, T; Rolli Salathé, C; Tamcan, O; Mueller, U; Theis, J C

    2009-04-01

    Low back pain (LBP) is currently the most prevalent and costly musculoskeletal problem in modern societies. Screening instruments for the identification of prognostic factors in LBP may help to identify patients with an unfavourable outcome. In this systematic review screening instruments published between 1970 and 2007 were identified by a literature search. Nine different instruments were analysed and their different items grouped into ten structures. Finally, the predictive effectiveness of these structures was examined for the dependent variables including "work status", "functional limitation", and "pain". The strongest predictors for "work status" were psychosocial and occupational structures, whereas for "functional limitation" and "pain" psychological structures were dominating. Psychological and occupational factors show a high reliability for the prognosis of patients with LBP. Screening instruments for the identification of prognostic factors in patients with LBP should include these factors as a minimum core set.

  1. SPARCL1, a Novel Prognostic Predictive Factor for GI Malignancies: a Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Hanguang; Cai, Wen; Zheng, Shu; Ge, Weiting

    2017-12-01

    Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteines-like 1 (SPARCL1) is abnormally expressed in gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies. However, the correlation between SPARCL1 expression and the prognosis of patients remains unknown. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the potential value of SPARCL1 as a prognostic predictive marker for GI malignancies. The PubMed, Embase, EBSCO, CNKI, and Wanfang databases were systematically searched for studies examining SPARCL1 and clinicopathological features, including the prognoses of patients. Hazard ratios (HRs) and odds ratios (ORs) from individual studies were calculated and pooled using a random-effects or fix-effects model. Heterogeneity and publication bias analyses were performed. Data from 8 studies, including a total of 2,356 patients, were summarized. The expression of SPARCL1 suggested a better prognosis (HR=0.57, 95% CI: 0.445-0.698, P=0.000) and was associated with clinicopathological features of GI malignancies, including distant metastasis (OR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.23-0.85, P=0.014), lymph node metastasis (OR=0.56, 95% CI: 0.39-0.81, P=0.002) and tumor differentiation (OR=2.21, 95% CI: 1.82-2.69, P=0.000). Subgroup analyses based on cancer type revealed that the expression of SPARCL1 had no effect on lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer, and it did not influence tumor differentiation in gastric cancer. Egger's test showed no evidence of publication bias (all P>0.05). SPARCL1 could be a novel prognostic predictive factor for GI malignancies. The expression of SPARCL1 could influence the clinicopathological features of GI malignancies. Further large-scale studies are essential to confirm SPARCL1's prognostic predictive value, and more fundamental experimental studies are needed to illustrate the mechanisms. © 2017 The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.

  2. Systematic evaluation of multiple immune markers reveals prognostic factors in ovarian cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santoiemma, Phillip P; Reyes, Carolina; Wang, Li-Ping; McLane, Mike W; Feldman, Michael D; Tanyi, Janos L; Powell, Daniel J

    2016-10-01

    Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. Several factors prognostic for survival have been identified including the presence of certain lymphocyte markers. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), particularly cytotoxic CD8+ TILs, have been shown to be most favorable for prognosis in ovarian cancer, although other immune cells including CD3+ T-cells, CD4+ T-cells, and B-cells have also demonstrated survival benefits. Although data for these markers exists, results are not uniform in the literature. Furthermore, other immunomodulatory protein markers that have been targeted in effective immunotherapies for other malignancies may prove to be favorable in ovarian cancer. Here, extensive immunohistochemical analysis was performed on a tissue microarray, containing 135 ovarian cancer cases obtained during tumor debulking detecting 15 key lymphocyte markers such as CD3, CD4, and CD20, as well as activation and immunomodulatory molecules such as TIA-1 and PD-L1. Samples were analyzed for expression of markers in tumor islets or stroma and expression was correlated with overall survival, histotype, stage, age, debulking grade, and response to chemotherapy. Our results confirm the presence of CD8+ and CD20+ TILs is positively correlated with overall survival, with further multivariate modeling replicating that prognostic benefit. Additional markers of significant prognostic importance, including TIA-1, CD103 and HLA Class-II were also revealed. Our results further support the vital role of cytotoxic T-cells in defense against ovarian cancer and reveals new questions as to the role of B-cells in tumor control as well as the potential benefits of immunotherapy involving other immune modulating molecules. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. [Risk factors and prognostic factors in nosocomial pneumonia outside the intensive care units setting].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barreiro-López, Bienvenido; Tricas, Josep Maria; Mauri, Elisabeth; Quintana, Salvador; Garau, Javier

    2005-11-01

    Nosocomial pneumonia (NP) is the second most frequent cause of hospital-acquired infection and is associated with elevated morbidity and mortality rates, particularly in intensive care units (ICU). The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence, risk factors and prognostic factors of NP acquired outside the ICU. A prospective case-control study was performed. All NP cases were acquired outside the ICU, and each case was paired with a control subject matched for gender, age, date of admission and hospitalization area. Epidemiological, clinical and microbiological data were obtained from cases and controls, and the risk factors and prognostic factors for NP were established. During the study period a total of 67 cases of NP outside the ICU were diagnosed. Estimated incidence was 3.35 cases/1,000 admissions. Mean age of the patients was 70 +/- 13 years and 48 of them were men. On multivariate analysis adjusted for confounding factors, bronchoaspiration, previous surgery and steroids were significantly associated with the development of NP. Mortality attributable to NP was 27%. The existence of an ultimately or rapidly fatal underlying condition and the presence of leukocytosis or leukopenia were associated with poor prognosis. The incidence of NP outside the ICU setting is low. Measures to reduce bronchoaspiration and judicial steroid use are necessary to decrease the risk of acquiring NP and to improve the prognosis.

  4. THROMBOCYTOSIS AS PROGNOSTIC FACTOR FOR SURVIVAL IN PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED NON SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER TREATED WITH FIRST- LINE CHEMOTHERAPY.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deyan Davidov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate elevated platelet count as a prognostic factor for survival in patients with advanced (stage IIIB/ IV non- small cell lung cancer (NSCLC receiving first- line chemotherapy. Methods: From 2005 to 2009 three hundreds forty seven consecutive patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC, treated in Department of Medical Oncology, UMHAT "Dr Georgi Stranski" entered the study. The therapeutic regimens included intravenous administration of platinum- based doublets. Survival analysis was evaluated by Kaplan- Meier test. The influence of pretreatment thrombocytosis as prognostic factor for survival was analyzed using multivariate stepwise Cox regression analyses. Results: Elevated platelet counts were found in 78 patients. The overall survival for patients without elevated platelet counts was 9,6 months versus 6,9 months for these with thrombocytosis. In multivariate analysis as independent poor prognostic factors were identified: stage, performance status and elevated platelet counts. Conclusions: These results indicated that platelet counts as well as some clinical pathologic characteristics could be useful prognostic factors in patients with unresectable NSCLC.

  5. Prognostic factors for different outcomes in patients with metastatic spinal cord compression from cancer of unknown primary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Sarah

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Patients with cancer of unknown primary account for 10% of patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC. This retrospective study was performed to identify prognostic factors for functional outcome, local control of MSCC, and survival in 175 of such patients treated with radiotherapy alone. Methods Investigated were nine potential prognostic factors including age, gender, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score (ECOG-PS, number of involved vertebrae, pre-radiotherapy ambulatory status, other bone metastases, visceral metastases, time developing motor deficits before radiotherapy, and the radiation schedule. Results On multivariate analysis, better functional outcome was associated with absence of visceral metastases (estimate: 0.72; 95%-confidence interval [CI]: 0.07-1.36; p = 0.030 and a slower (>7 days development of motor deficits (estimate: 1.93; 95%-CI: 1.18-2.68; p  Conclusions This study identified additional independent prognostic factors for functional outcome, local control of MSCC, and survival after radiotherapy of MSCC from cancer of unknown primary. These prognostic factors can help select the best treatment regimen for each individual patient.

  6. Analysis of prognostic factors and patterns of failure in dogs with malignant oral tumors treated with megavoltage irradiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Théon, A P; Rodriguez, C; Madewell, B R

    1997-03-15

    To determine quality and duration of progression-free survival (PFS) time in dogs with malignant oral tumors after definitive megavoltage irradiation, to analyze prognostic factors for PFS time and patterns of failure, and to analyze the influence of tumor recurrence and development of metastasis on survival. Prospective clinical trial. 105 dogs with squamous cell carcinoma, fibrosarcoma, or malignant melanoma of the oral cavity without evidence of metastasis. Dogs were treated with 48 Gy over 4 weeks on an alternate-day schedule of 4 Gy/fraction. Multivariate analysis was done by use of Cox's regression model to determine significant prognostic factors and by use of a competing risk model to determine the differential effects of prognostic factors on type of, and time to, failure. In 8% of the dogs, severe acute radiation reactions in the final week of treatment resulted in treatment discontinuation. In 7.6% of the dogs, chronic radiation reactions, including bone necrosis and fistula formation, developed. Prognostic factors that independently affected PFS time were histologic type and tumor T stage. Histologic type significantly influenced pattern of failure, but not time to failure, whereas clinical stage significantly influenced time to failure, but not type of failure. Irradiation was a safe and effective treatment of malignant oral tumors. Because the local efficacy of radiation was influenced only by tumor size, early treatment of oral tumors should improve the prognosis. In dogs without tumor recurrence, systemic metastases, rather than regional metastases, limited long-term survival after radiation therapy.

  7. MRI Prognostication Factors in the Setting of Cervical Spinal Cord Injury Secondary to Trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Pérez, Rafael; Cepeda, Santiago; Paredes, Igor; Alen, Jose F; Lagares, Alfonso

    2017-05-01

    Several studies have looked for an association between radiologic findings and neurologic outcome after cervical trauma. In the current literature, there is a paucity of evidence proving the prognostic role of soft tissue damage or bony integrity. Our objective is to determine radiologic findings related to neurologic prognosis in patients after incomplete acute traumatic cervical spinal cord injury, regardless of initial neurologic examination results. We retrospectively reviewed patients with acute traumatic cervical spinal cord injury who had a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed within the first 96 hours. Clinical and epidemiologic data were recorded from the medical records along with several radiologic findings from the initial computed tomographic scan and MRI. Data were analyzed using a non-parametric test. Significant prognostic factors were analyzed through a stepwise multivariable logistic regression, adjusted by neurologic status at baseline. The receiver-operating characteristic curve was used to test the discriminative capacity of the model. Eighty-six patients (68 males and 18 females) were included for the analysis. Mean age was 49 years. Ligamentum flavum injury, intramedullary edema larger than 36 mm, and facet dislocation were demonstrated to be associated with a lack of neurologic improvement at follow-up. Multivariable analysis showed that edema larger than 36 mm and facet dislocation were strong predictors of clinical outcome, regardless of the initial neurologic examination result. Early MRI has an intrinsic prognostic value. Ligamentous injury and larger edema are strong predicting factors of a bad neurologic outcome at long-term follow-up. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Clinical characteristics, hospital outcome and prognostic factors of patients with ventilator-related pneumothorax.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, C-W; Sun, S-F; Lee, D L; Chu, K-A; Lin, H-S

    2014-01-01

    Mechanical ventilation is a common cause of iatrogenic pneumothorax in intensive care units (ICU). Most of the patients with ventilator-related pneumothorax (VRP) have underlying lung diseases and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The prognostic factors of VRP are not clear. The objective of this study was to find the possible prognostic factors. Analysis of retrospectively collected data of patients with pneumothorax induced by mechanical ventilation. Data were obtained concerning demographics, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II score, organ failure, underlying diseases, interval between the start of mechanical ventilation and pneumothorax, arterial blood gas, respiratory parameters and patient outcomes. One hundred and twenty-four patients with VRP were included for analysis. The incidence rate of VRP was 0.4% (124/31,660), and the mortality rate was 77.4%. The patients with VRP had higher hospital mortality rate than that of mechanically ventilated patients without pneumothorax (77.4% vs. 13.7%, PVRP occurred in the early phase of mechanical ventilation, and 8.9% of the patients had a later episode of pneumothorax on the opposite lung. The interval between two episodes of VRP was short, at a median time of 2 days. Cox regression analysis showed that tension pneumothorax (P=0.001), PaO2/FiO2VRP patients with tension pneumothorax or PaO2/FiO2VRP patients with PaO2/FiO2≥200 mmHg.

  9. [Severe acute kidney injury in critically ill children: Epidemiology and prognostic factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Touza Pol, P; Rey Galán, C; Medina Villanueva, J A; Martinez-Camblor, P; López-Herce, J

    2015-12-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a severe complication in critically ill children. The aim of the study was to describe the characteristics of AKI, as well as to analyse the prognostic factors for mortality and renal replacement therapy (RRT) in children admitted to Paediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs) in Spain. Prospective observational multicentre study including children from 7 days to 16 years old who were admitted to a PICU. A univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of the risk factors for mortality and renal replacement therapy at PICU discharge were performed. A total of 139 cases of AKI were analysed. RRT was necessary in 60.1% of cases. Mortality rate was 32.6%. At PICU discharge RRT was necessary in 15% of survivors. Thrombopenia and low creatinine clearance values were prognostic markers of RRT at PICU discharge. High values of platelets, serum creatinine and weight were associated with higher survival. Critically ill children with AKI had a high mortality and morbidity rate. Platelet values and creatinine clearance are markers of RRT at PICU discharge, whereas number of platelets, serum creatinine and weight were associated with mortality. Copyright © 2014 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  10. Oncologic outcome after local recurrence of chondrosarcoma: Analysis of prognostic factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Han-Soo; Bindiganavile, Srimanth S; Han, Ilkyu

    2015-06-01

    Literature on outcome after local recurrence (LR) in chondrosarcoma is scarce and better appreciation of prognostic factors is needed. (1) To evaluate post-LR oncologic outcomes of disease-specific survival and subsequent LR and (2) to identify prognostic factors for post-LR oncologic outcomes. Review of 28 patients with locally recurrent chondrosarcoma from the original cohort of 150 patients, who were treated surgically with or without adjuvants between 1982 and 2011, was performed. Mean age was 46 years (range, 21-73) which included 20 males and 8 females with mean follow up of 8.4 ± 7.5 years (range, 1.2-31.0). Post-LR survival at 5 years was 58.6 ± 10.3%. Age greater than 50 years (P = 0.011) and LR occurring within 1 year of primary surgery (P = 0.011) independently predicted poor survival. Seven patients suffered subsequent LR, which was significantly affected by surgical margin for LR (P = 0.038). Long-term survival of locally recurrent chondrosarcoma is achievable in a substantial number of patients. Older age at onset of LR and shorter interval from primary surgery to LR identifies high risk patients for poor post-LR survival while, wide surgical margins at LR surgery reduces the risk of subsequent LR. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. MMP-2 and MMP-9 as prognostic factors in ischaemic stroke

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    Justyna Zielińska-Turek

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: No widely available, adequately sensitive diagnostic test to establish prognosis in stroke patients has been developed thus far. The aim of this study was to analyse changes in plasma levels of MMP-9 and MMP-2 as potential prognostic factors in patients with ischaemic stroke. Methods: The study included 56 patients presenting with the signs of ischaemic stroke for less than 24 hours, and 60 healthy controls without a history of neurological and/or inflammatory disorders. Plasma concentrations of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were determined immunoenzymatically at admission (i.e. within 24 hours of the cerebrovascular episode and on the 7th day of hospital stay. Results: Median concentrations of MMP-9 in stroke patients were significantly lower than in the controls, both at admission and on the 7th day of hospital stay. No significant changes in the concentration of MMP-2 in ischaemic stroke patients were observed during the course of hospital stay. No significant association was found between both MMP concentrations and neurological status of patients with cerebrovascular episodes. Conclusions: The lack of significant associations between plasma concentrations of MMP-2/MMP-9 and clinical status suggests that these metalloproteinases should not be used as prognostic factors in patients with ischaemic cerebral episodes.

  12. Prognostic factors in Hodgkin's disease stage III with special reference to tumour burden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, L.; Nissen, N.I.

    1988-01-01

    143 patients with Hodgkin's disease stage III (65 PS III, 78 CS III) were treated with radiotherapy alone (33 patients), combination chemotherapy alone (56 patients), or radiotherapy plus combination chemotherapy (54 patients). They were followed till death or from 7 to 191 months. Prognostic fac...... regarding early stage disease to the effect that tumour burden is the single most important prognostic factor in Hodgkin's disease....

  13. [Cytogenetics of myelodysplastic syndromes and its impact as prognostic factor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borjas-Gutiérrez, César; Domínguez-Cruz, Martín Daniel; González-García, Juan Ramón

    2017-01-01

    Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of disorders of the hematopoietic stem cell. They are characterized by cytopenia(s), dysplasia of one or more cell lines, ineffective hematopoiesis, and an increased risk for developing acute myelogenous leukemia. The classification of MDS has been complicated due to the great heterogeneity in clinical phenotype as well as in the morphological and cytogenetic characteristics. The prognostic value of cytogenetic abnormalities in MDS has been analyzed in multicenter studies. This approach raised the development of the revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R), which analyzes five prognostic variables, among which the cytogenetic study stands out. According to the cytogenetic findings, a classification of MDS in five subgroups was developed. Knowledge of the cytogenetic abnormalities has led to the study of genes involved in various chromosomal rearrangements. Moreover, DNA sequencing has helped to identify mutations in approximately 50 genes related to signal transduction, DNA methylation, transcriptional regulation, and RNA splicing. Therefore, the cytogenetic study should be used to improve the classification and therapeutic management of MDS. This approach will be an essential tool for the development of targeted therapy protocols.

  14. Prognostic factors in invasive bladder cancer; Facteurs pronostiques des tumeurs infiltrantes de vessie

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    Maulard-Durdux, C.; Housset, M. [Hopital Tenon, 75 - Paris (France)

    1998-04-01

    In France, invasive bladder cancer is the more frequent urologic malignancy after prostate carcinoma. Treatment of bladder cancer is radical cystectomy. New therapeutic approaches such as chemo-radiation combination for a conservative procedure, neo-adjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy are still developing. In this way, a rigorous selection of patients is needed. This selection is based on prognostic criteria that could be divided into four groups: the volume of the tumor including the tumor infiltration depth, the nodal status, the presence or not of hydronephrosis and the residual tumor mass after trans-urethral resection; the histologic aspects of the tumor including histologic grading, the presence or not of an epidermoid metaplasia, of in situ carcinoma or of thrombi; the expression of tumor markers tissue polypeptide antigen, bladder tumor antigen; the biologic aspects of the tumor as ploidy, cytogenetic abnormalities, expression of Ki67, expression of oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes, expression of tumor antigens or growth factor receptors. This paper reviews the prognostic value of the various parameters. (authors)

  15. Using risk factors for detection and prognostication of uveal melanoma

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    Pukhraj Rishi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The early detection of malignancy, particularly uveal melanoma, is crucial in protecting visual acuity, salvaging the eye, and preventing metastasis. Risk factors for early detection of uveal melanoma have been clearly delineated in the literature and allow identification of melanoma when it is tiny and simulates a nevus. These factors include thickness >2 mm, presence of subretinal fluid (SRF, symptoms, the orange pigment, margin near optic disc, acoustic hollowness, surrounding halo, and absence of drusen. The importance of early detection is realized when one considers melanoma thickness, as each millimeter increase in melanoma thickness imparts 5% increased risk for metastatic disease. Newer imaging modalities like enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography and fundus autoflouroscence facilitate in detection of SRF and orange pigment. Additional molecular biomarkers and cytological features have been identified which can predict the clinical behavior of a small melanocytic lesion. Features that suggest a poor prognosis include higher blood levels of tyrosinase m-RNA, vascular endothelial growth factor, insulin-like growth factor; monosomy 3 and gains in chromosome 8. Management of uveal melanoma includes enucleation (for large, local eye wall resection, brachytherapy, charged particle irradiation, and thermotherapy (for small to medium tumors. Although the role of a good clinical evaluation cannot be underestimated, it is advisable to evaluate the various radiological, molecular, and cytological features, to enhance the accuracy of early diagnosis and improved prognosis.

  16. Pretherapeutic gamma-glutamyltransferase is an independent prognostic factor for patients with renal cell carcinoma

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    Hofbauer, S L; Stangl, K I; de Martino, M; Lucca, I; Haitel, A; Shariat, S F; Klatte, T

    2014-01-01

    Background: Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) regulates apoptotic balance and promotes cancer progression and invasion. Higher pretherapeutic GGT serum levels have been associated with worse outcomes in various malignancies, but there are no data for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Methods: Pretherapeutic GGT serum levels and clinicopathological parameters were retrospectively evaluated in 921 consecutive RCC patients treated with nephrectomy at a single institution between 1998 and 2013. Gamma-glutamyltransferase was analysed as continuous and categorical variable. Associations with RCC-specific survival were assessed with Cox proportional hazards models. Discrimination was measured with the C-index. Decision-curve analysis was used to evaluate the clinical net benefit. The median postoperative follow-up was 45 months. Results: Median pretherapeutic serum GGT level was 25 U l−1. Gamma-glutamyltransferase levels increased with advancing T (P<0.001), N (P=0.006) and M stages (P<0.001), higher grades (P<0.001), and presence of tumour necrosis (P<0.001). An increase of GGT by 10 U l−1 was associated with an increase in the risk of death from RCC by 4% (HR 1.04, P<0.001). Based on recursive partitioning-based survival tree analysis, we defined four prognostic categories of GGT: normal low (<17.5 U l−1), normal high (17.5 to <34.5 U l−1), elevated (34.5 to <181.5 U l−1), and highly elevated (⩾181.5 U l−1). In multivariable analyses that adjusted for the effect of standard features, both continuously and categorically coded GGT were independent prognostic factors. Adding GGT to a model that included standard features increased the discrimination by 0.9% to 1.8% and improved the clinical net benefit. Conclusions: Pretherapeutic serum GGT is a novel and independent prognostic factor for patients with RCC. Stratifying patients into prognostic subgroups according to GGT may be used for patient counselling, tailoring surveillance

  17. Causes of Death and Prognostic Factors in Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1: A Prospective Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Tetsuhide; Igarashi, Hisato; Uehara, Hirotsugu; Berna, Marc J.; Jensen, Robert T.

    2013-01-01

    literature series, the main causes of MEN1-related deaths were due to the malignant nature of the PETs, followed by the malignant nature of thymic carcinoid tumors. These results differ from the results of a number of the literature series, especially those reported before the 1990s. The causes of non-MEN1-related death for the 2 series, in decreasing frequency, were cardiovascular disease, other nonendocrine tumors > lung diseases, cerebrovascular diseases. The most frequent non-MEN1-related tumor deaths were colorectal, renal > lung > breast, oropharyngeal. Although both overall and disease-related survival are better than in the past (30-yr survival of NIH series: 82% overall, 88% disease-related), the mean age at death was 55 years, which is younger than expected for the general population. Detailed analysis of causes of death correlated with clinical, laboratory, and tumor characteristics of patients in the 2 series allowed identification of a number of prognostic factors. Poor prognostic factors included higher fasting gastrin levels, presence of other functional hormonal syndromes, need for >3 parathyroidectomies, presence of liver metastases or distant metastases, aggressive PET growth, large PETs, or the development of new lesions. The results of this study have helped define the causes of death of MEN1 patients at present, and have enabled us to identify a number of prognostic factors that should be helpful in tailoring treatment for these patients for both short- and long-term management, as well as in directing research efforts to better define the natural history of the disease and the most important factors determining long-term survival at present. PMID:23645327

  18. Prognostic factors related to sequelae in childhood bacterial meningitis: Data from a Greek meningitis registry

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    Vasilopoulou Vasiliki A

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bacterial meningitis (BM is a life-threatening disease, often related with serious complications and sequelae. Infants and children who survive bacterial meningitis often suffer neurological and other sequelae. Methods A total of 2,477 patients aged 1 month to 14 years old hospitalized in a Children's Hospital in Greece diagnosed with acute bacterial meningitis were collected through a Meningitis Registry, from 1974 to 2005. Clinical, laboratory and other parameters (sex, age, pathogen, duration of symptoms before and after admission were evaluated through univariate and multivariate analysis with regard to sequelae. Analysis of acute complications were also studied but not included in the final model. Results The rate of acute complications (arthritis and/or subdural effusion was estimated at 6.8% (152 out of 2,251 patients, 95%CI 5.8-7.9 while the rate of sequelae (severe hearing loss, ventriculitis, hydrocephalus or seizure disorder among survivors was estimated at 3.3% (73 out of 2,207 patients, 95%CI 2.6-4.2. Risk factors on admission associated with sequelae included seizures, absence of hemorrhagic rash, low CSF glucose, high CSF protein and the etiology of meningitis. A combination of significant prognostic factors including presence of seizures, low CSF glucose, high CSF protein, positive blood culture and absence of petechiae on admission presented an absolute risk of sequelae of 41.7% (95%CI 15.2-72.3. Conclusions A combination of prognostic factors of sequelae in childhood BM may be of value in selecting patients for more intensive therapy and in identifying possible candidates for new treatment strategies.

  19. Evaluation of Prognostic Factors Following Flow-Cytometric DNA Analysis after Cytokeratin Labelling: I. Breast Cancer

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    Pauline Wimberger

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available In gynecologic oncology valid prognostic factors are necessary to estimate the course of disease and to define biologically similar subgroups for analysis of therapeutic efficacy. The presented study is a prospective study concerning prognostic significance of DNA ploidy and S‐phase fraction in breast cancer following enrichment of tumor cells by cytokeratin labelling. Epithelial cells were labeled by FITC‐conjugated cytokeratin antibody (CK 5, 6, 8, and CK 17 prior to flow cytometric cell cycle analysis in 327 fresh specimens of primary breast cancer. Univariate analysis in breast cancer detected the prognostic significance of DNA‐ploidy, S‐phase fraction and CV (coefficient of variation of G0G1‐peak of tumor cells for clinical outcome, especially for nodal‐negative patients. Multivariate analysis could not confirm prognostic evidence of DNA‐ploidy and S‐phase fraction. In conclusion, in breast cancer no clinical significance for determination of DNA‐parameters was found.

  20. Metastatic spinal cord compression in non-small cell lung cancer patients. Prognostic factors in a series of 356 patients

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    Rades, D.; Douglas, S. [Luebeck Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Veninga, T. [Dr. Bernard Verbeeten Institute Tilburg (Netherlands). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Bajrovic, A. [University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg (Germany). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Stalpers, L.J.A. [Academic Medical Center Amsterdam (Netherlands). Dept. of Radiotherapy; Hoskin, P.J. [Mount Vernon Centre for Cancer Treatment, Northwood (United Kingdom). Dept. of Clinical Oncology; Rudat, V. [Saad Specialist Hospital Al-Khobar (Saudi Arabia). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Schild, S.E. [Mayo Clinic Scottsdale, Scottsdale, AZ (United States). Dept. of Radiation Oncology

    2012-06-15

    Patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have an unfavorable prognosis compared to most other MSCC patients. This study was performed to identify prognostic factors for functional outcome and survival in these patients after radiotherapy (RT) alone. Data of 356 patients irradiated for MSCC from NSCLC were retrospectively analyzed. Ten potential prognostic factors were investigated including age, gender, Eastern cooperative Oncology Group performance score (ECOG-PS), number of involved vertebrae, pre-RT ambulatory status, other bone metastases, visceral metastases, interval from cancer diagnosis to RT of MSCC, time developing motor deficits before RT, and the radiation schedule. On multivariate analysis, better functional outcome was associated with pre-RT ambulatory status (estimate: -0.84, p = 0.022), no visceral metastases (estimate: -1.15, p < 0.001), interval from cancer diagnosis to RT of > 15 months (estimate: +0.48, p = 0.019), and slower (> 7 days) development of motor deficits (estimate: +1.56, p < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, improved survival was significantly associated with female gender (risk ratio (RR) 1.32, p = 0.043), ECOG-PS 1-2 (RR 1.45, p = 0.034), pre-RT ambulatory status (RR 0.58, p < 0.001), no other bone metastases (RR 1.38, p = 0.010), no visceral metastases (RR 2.87, p < 0.001), interval from cancer diagnosis to RT of > 15 months (RR 0.84, p = 0.035), and slower (> 7 days) development of motor deficits (RR 0.78, p < 0.001). This study identified additional independent prognostic factors for outcomes after radiotherapy of MSCC from NSCLC. These prognostic factors can be used for stratification in future trials and can help develop prognostic scores for MSCC from NSCLC. (orig.)

  1. Survival and prognostic factors in patients treated with stereotactic radiotherapy for brain metastases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Thomas; Oettingen, Gorm von; Lassen-Ramshad, Yasmin A.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Background. Stereotactic radiation therapy (SRT) of brain metastases is used with good effect around the world, but no consensus exists regarding which prognostic factors that are related to favourable or unfavourable prognosis after the treatment. A better definition of these factors...... will ensure a more precise application of the treatment. Material and methods. A consecutive cohort of the 198 patients treated for brain metastases with SRT without concurrent whole-brain radiation therapy at our department from 2001 to 2012 was retrospectively analysed. Results. Median survival was seven...... to clinical cerebral progression. Conclusion. We identified four prognostic factors related to survival after SRT for brain metastases. The grouping of patients by these factors is useful to determine the level of treatment. We discourage the delivery of SRT to patients with 3-4 unfavourable prognostic...

  2. Skeletal muscle depletion is an independent prognostic factor for hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iritani, Soichi; Imai, Kenji; Takai, Koji; Hanai, Tatsunori; Ideta, Takayasu; Miyazaki, Tsuneyuki; Suetsugu, Atsushi; Shiraki, Makoto; Shimizu, Masahito; Moriwaki, Hisataka

    2015-03-01

    Skeletal muscle depletion or sarcopenia has been identified as a poor prognostic factor for various diseases. The aim of this study is to determine whether muscle depletion is a prognostic factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We evaluated 217 consecutive patients with primary HCC. The skeletal muscle cross-sectional area was measured by computed tomography at the third lumbar vertebra (L3), from which the total body fat-free mass (FFM) and L3 skeletal muscle index (L3 SMI) were obtained. The factors contributing to overall survival (OS) were analyzed by univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards model. In univariate analysis, FFM (P = 0.0422), Child-Pugh classification (P = 0.0058), serum albumin level (P 22) died earlier (P = 0.0129). Skeletal muscle depletion is an independent prognostic factor. Intervention to prevent muscle wasting might be an effective strategy for improving the outcome of HCC.

  3. Histopathological finding as a prognostic factor of the surgical treatment outcome in colorectal cancer

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    Sečen Svetozar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Adenocarcinomas of the colon are the most common malignant colorectal tumors. Macroscopic and histopahtological features of colorectal cancer significantly affect its outcome. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of histopahological finding as a prognostic factor on the surgical treatment outcome and the course of the disease. Methods. In the first part of this study the distribution (numerical and proportional of certain histopathological parameters in the examined groups of patients were reviewed; in the second part of the study the statistical significance of the impact of the certain elements of a histopahtological finding on the surgical treratment outcome was analyzed. The histopathological elements analyzed included: the hsitological tumor type grading according to Duke, ie Astler-Coller, and tumor, nodes, metastases (TNM staging in the examined sample of 100 patients. Results. Statistically significant prognostic factors of the outcome of surgical treatment were selected after multivariant analysis. These factors comprise Astler-Coller-Dukes stage D (revealed in 77.78% patients died, stage IV according TNM classification (T1-4, N0-2, M1, histological structure (poorly diferentiated adenocarcinoma in 85.2% patents died and type of tumor (mucynous adenocarcinoma was more often present in died, 77.78%. Since φ = 0.000 for four risk factors were formed using discriminant analysus, it was proved their significant influence on the outcome of surgical treatment. Discriminant coefficient showed that the greatest influence on surgical treatment were registred in patients with tumor of Astler-Coller-Dukes stage D (0.255, poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (histological structure (0.139, mucynous adenocarcinoma (type of tumor (0.074 and stage IV according to the TNM elassification (T1-4, N0-2, M1 (0.39. Conclusion. The prognostic factors influencing the outcome of surgery for colorectal carcinoma were defined. Patients

  4. Prognostic factors for musculoskeletal injury identified through medical screening and training load monitoring in professional football (soccer): a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, T; Sergeant, J C; Parkes, M; Callaghan, M

    2017-05-10

    To identify prognostic factors and models for spinal and lower extremity injuries in adult professional/elite football players from medical screening and training load monitoring processes. The MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, SPORTDiscus electronic bibliographic databases and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched from inception to July 2016. Searches were limited to original research, published in peer reviewed journals of any language. The Quality in Prognostic Studies (QUIPS) tool was used for appraisal and the modified GRADE approach was used for synthesis. Prospective and retrospective cohort study designs of spinal and lower extremity injury incidence were found from populations of adult professional/elite football players, between 16 and 40 years. Non-football or mixed sports were excluded. 858 manuscripts were identified. Removing duplications left 551 studies, which were screened for eligibility by title and abstract. Of these, 531 studies were not eligible and were excluded. The full text of the remaining 20 studies were obtained; a further 10 studies were excluded. 10 studies were included for appraisal and analysis, for 3344 participants. Due to the paucity and heterogeneity of the literature, and shortcomings in methodology and reporting, the evidence is of very low or low quality and therefore cannot be deemed robust enough to suggest conclusive prognostic factors for all lower limb musculoskeletal injury outcomes identified. No studies were identified that examined spinal injury outcomes or prognostic models.

  5. Prognostic factors and failure patterns in non-metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma after intensity-modulated radiotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Yan-Ping; Tang, Ling-Long; Chen, Lei; Sun, Ying; Qi, Zhen-Yu; Zhou, Guan-Qun; Liu, Li-Zhi; Li, Li; Lin, Ai-Hua; Ma, Jun

    2016-12-28

    The prognostic values of staging parameters require continual re-assessment amid changes in diagnostic and therapeutic methods. This study aimed to identify the prognostic factors and failure patterns of non-metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in the intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) era. We reviewed the data from 749 patients with newly diagnosed, biopsy-proven, non-metastatic NPC in our cancer center (South China, an NPC endemic area) between January 2003 and December 2007. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before receiving IMRT. The actuarial survival rates were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and survival curves were compared using the log-rank test. Multivariate analyses with the Cox proportional hazards model were used to test for the independent prognostic factors by backward eliminating insignificant explanatory variables. The 5-year occurrence rates of local failure, regional failure, locoregional failure, and distant failure were 5.4, 3.0, 7.4, and 17.4%, respectively. The 5-year survival rates were as follows: local relapse-free survival, 94.6%; nodal relapse-free survival, 97.0%; distant metastasis-free survival, 82.6%; disease-free survival, 75.1%; and overall survival, 82.0%. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that orbit involvement was the only significant prognostic factor for local failure (P = 0.011). Parapharyngeal tumor extension, retropharyngeal lymph node involvement, and the laterality, longest diameter, and Ho's location of the cervical lymph nodes were significant prognostic factors for both distant failure and disease failure (all P extension had significant prognostic value for distant failure (P = 0.040). The key failure pattern for NPC was distant metastasis in the IMRT era. With changes in diagnostic and therapeutic technologies as well as treatment modalities, the significant prognostic parameters for local control have also been altered substantially.

  6. Prognostic factors and outcome of management of ischemic priapism in Zaria, Nigeria

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    Muhammed Ahmed

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the nuances of management, prognostic factors, and outcome of ischemic priapism in patients seen at Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively studied the case notes of all patients managed for ischemic priapism in the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, over a period of 10 years (2006–2015. The data extracted included patients' age, occupation, duration of painful penile erection, and previous episodes. Addition information including precipitating factors, hemoglobin genotype, treatment, and complications was also retrieved. Data obtained were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Results: The records of a total of forty patients managed for priapism over the period under review were retrieved. Thirty-three (82.5% of these patients had an operative intervention. The mean age was 23.7 years with a range of 8–53 years. Sixty percent of patients were young adults in their third decade of life. The minimum duration of erection at presentation was 18 h and a maximum period of 10 days with a mean of 105.5 h (4 days. Thirty-three patients (82.5% had sickle cell anemia (HbSS. Erectile dysfunction (ED accounted for 60% of all forms of postpriapism complications. Five patients (12.5% had residual tumescence from fibrosis, and three patients had recurrence outside the immediate postoperative period. Duration of symptoms before surgical intervention, SSA and previous episodes were the most important prognostic factors. Conclusion: Priapism is a disease of the young, mostly sickle cell anemic patients. Late presentation remains the norm in our environment, hence a higher incidence of ED. The distal penile shunt is an effective means of achieving detumescence even with failed conservative management. Favorable outcome is highly dependent on the duration of erection and early intervention.

  7. Expectations of recovery: A prognostic factor in patients with neck pain undergoing manual therapy treatment.

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    Palmlöf, L; Holm, L W; Alfredsson, L; Skillgate, E

    2016-10-01

    Expectations have been investigated in populations seeking care for neck pain, however not considering potential confounding factors. The aim of this study was to investigate if pretreatment expectations of recovery is a prognostic factor for recovery from neck pain at 7 weeks follow-up in patients seeking manual therapy treatment. The study was based on the Stockholm Manual Intervention Trial, a randomized controlled trial investigating efficiency of three combinations of manual therapy. The patients with neck pain were included in this study (n = 716). Expectations of recovery was measured at baseline; 'How likely is it, according to your judgment, that you are completely recovered from your neck/back problems in 7 weeks'. Patients answered on a 11-point scale, further categorized into low, moderate and high expectations. The outcome was measured at 7 weeks follow-up by a modified version of the Global Perceived Recovery Question. Potential effect measure modifiers and confounders were measured at baseline. Multivariable log binomial regression models were used to analyse the association between expectations and recovery, presented as relative risks and 95% confidence intervals (CI). High expectations of recovery yielded a 47% increased probability of being recovered at 7 weeks follow-up. High expectations of recovery yielded improved recovery in both men and women separately, but moderate expectations yielded improved recovery only among men. Our results suggest that expectations of recovery is a prognostic factor for recovery in patients with neck pain seeking manual therapy treatment. WHAT DOES THIS STUDY ADD?: We found that high expectations of recovery yielded a higher probability of recovery compared to having low expectations, also when considering potential confounding factors. Expectations seemed to have a more distinct influence on recovery among men. © 2016 European Pain Federation - EFIC®

  8. Prognostic factors in patients with node-negative gastric cancer: an Indian experience

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    Ranganathan Rama

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The status of the regional nodes is the most important prognostic factor in gastric cancer. There are subgroups of patients with different prognosis even in node-negative patients of gastric cancer. The aim of this study is to analyze the factors influencing the prognosis in Indian patients with node-negative gastric cancer. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent radical gastrectomy in a tertiary cancer centre in India between1991 and 2007. The study group included only patients with histologically node-negative disease. Various clinical, pathological and treatment related factors in this group of patients were analyzed to determine their prognostic ability by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results Among the 417 patients who underwent gastrectomy during this period, 122 patients had node-negative disease. A major proportion of the patients had advanced gastric cancer. The 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival in all node-negative gastric cancer patients was 68.2% and 67.5% respectively. The overall recurrence rate in this group was 27.3%. On univariate analysis, the factors found to significantly influence the disease-free survival were the size, location and presence or absence of serosal invasion of the primary tumor. However, on multivariate analysis, only tumor size more than 3 cm and serosal invasion were found to be independently associated with an inferior survival. Conclusion Serosal invasion and primary tumor size more than 3 cm independently predict a poor outcome in patients with node-negative gastric cancer.

  9. Factor Structure of the Rorschach Prognostic Rating Scale and Its Relation to Therapeutic Outcome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auerbach, Stephen M.; Edinger, Jack D.

    1976-01-01

    This study evaluated the factor structure of the Rorschach Prognostic Rating Scale (RPRS) in order to: (a) test the assumption that the RPRS represents a unitary response system and (b) determine the efficacy of employing population specific factor scores as predictors of therapy outcome. (Author/NG)

  10. Prognostic factors in patients with loco-regionally advanced gastric cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hultman, Bo; Gunnarsson, Ulf; Nygren, Peter; Sundbom, Magnus; Glimelius, Bengt; Mahteme, Haile

    2017-09-15

    The aim of this study was to investigate epidemiologic and prognostic factors relevant to the treatment of loco-regionally advanced gastric cancer (GC). Two hundred and fifty-five patients with GC were identified in Uppsala County between 2000 and 2009. Patient records were analyzed for loco-regionally advanced GC defined as tumor with peritoneal involvement, excluding serosal invasion from the primary tumor only, at primary diagnosis or during follow-up. The presence or not of distant metastasis (DM), including hematogenous metastases (e.g., liver, lung, and bone) and/or distant lymph node metastases, was also analyzed. The Cox proportional hazard model was used for multivariate analysis of factors influencing survival. One hundred and twenty patients (47% of all patients with GC; median age 70.5 years) had loco-regionally advanced disease, corresponding to an incidence of 3.8 per 100,000 person-years. Forty-one percent of these also had DM. Median overall survival (mOS) from the time of the diagnosis of loco-regionally advanced disease was 4.8 months for the total patient cohort, 5.1 months for the subgroup of patients without DM, and 4.7 months for the subgroup with DM. There was no significant difference in mOS between the subgroups with synchronous versus metachronous loco-regionally advanced GC: 4.8 months (range 0.0-67.4) versus 4.7 months (range 0.0-28.3). Using multivariate Cox analysis, positive prognostic factors for survival were good performance status at diagnosis and treatment with palliative chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. Synchronous DM was a negative prognostic factor. The mOS did not differ when comparing the time period 2000-2004 (5.1 months, range 0-67.4) with the period 2005-2009 (4.0 months, range 0.0-28.3). Peritoneal involvement occurred in almost half of the patients with GC in this study and was associated with short life expectancy. New treatment strategies are warranted.

  11. Clinical outcome and prognostic factors of patients with early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Wei; Li, Ning; Sun, Yangchun; Li, Bin; Xu, Lily; Wu, Lingying

    2017-04-04

    Some subsets of early stage ovarian cancer patients experience more recurrences than others. Studies on prognostics factors gave conflicting results. We investigated consecutive 221 patients with stage I/II ovarian cancer at our institution from 1999 to 2010. Univariate and multivariate analysis of progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were performed. After a median follow-up of 79 months, the 5-year/10-year PFS and 5-year/10-year OS were 78% /76% and 90% /87% respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that stage as the most prominent independent prognostic factor in terms of PFS (stage I vs stage IIA vs stage IIB, Hazard Ratio (HR): 1 vs 4 vs 6.1, P stage I vs stage II, HR: 1 vs 2.1, P early-stage ovarian cancer had a favorable outcome, stage was the most powerful prognostic factor.

  12. Defining high, medium and low impact prognostic factors for developing multiple sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tintore, Mar; Rovira, Àlex; Río, Jordi; Otero-Romero, Susana; Arrambide, Georgina; Tur, Carmen; Comabella, Manuel; Nos, Carlos; Arévalo, María Jesús; Negrotto, Laura; Galán, Ingrid; Vidal-Jordana, Angela; Castilló, Joaquin; Palavra, Filipe; Simon, Eva; Mitjana, Raquel; Auger, Cristina; Sastre-Garriga, Jaume; Montalban, Xavier

    2015-07-01

    Natural history studies have identified factors that predict evolution to multiple sclerosis or risk of disability accumulation over time. Although these studies are based on large multicentre cohorts with long follow-ups, they have limitations such as lack of standardized protocols, a retrospective data collection or lack of a systematic magnetic resonance imaging acquisition and analysis protocol, often resulting in failure to take magnetic resonance and oligoclonal bands into account as joint covariates in the prediction models. To overcome some of these limitations, the aim of our study was to identify and stratify baseline demographic, clinical, radiological and biological characteristics that might predict multiple sclerosis development and disability accumulation using a multivariate approach based on a large prospective cohort of patients with clinically isolated syndromes. From 1995 to 2013, 1058 patients with clinically isolated syndromes were included. We evaluated the influence of baseline prognostic factors on the risk for developing clinically definite multiple sclerosis, McDonald multiple sclerosis, and disability accumulation (Expanded Disability Status Scale score of 3.0) based on univariate (hazard ratio with 95% confidence intervals) and multivariate (adjusted hazard ratio with 95% confidence intervals) Cox regression models. We ultimately included 1015 patients followed for a mean of 81 (standard deviation = 57) months. Female/male ratio was 2.1. Females exhibited a similar risk of conversion to multiple sclerosis and of disability accumulation compared to males. Each younger decade at onset was associated with a greater risk of conversion to multiple sclerosis and with a protective effect on disability. Patients with optic neuritis had a lower risk of clinically definite multiple sclerosis [hazard ratio 0.6 (0.5-0.8)] and disability progression [hazard ratio 0.5 (0.3-0.8)]; however, this protective effect remained marginal only for disability

  13. Predictive and prognostic factors associated with soft tissue sarcoma response to chemotherapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Young, Robin J; Litière, Saskia; Lia, Michela

    2017-01-01

    from combination chemotherapy. METHODS: Central pathology review was performed by six reference pathologists. Gender, age, performance status, time from first presentation with sarcoma to starting palliative chemotherapy, tumor grade, histological subgroup, primary tumor site involvement, and sites...... of metastases were assessed as prognostic factors. RESULTS: Three hundred and ten patients were included in this study. Discordance between local and central pathology opinion of tumor histology and tumor grade was observed in 98 (32%) and 122 (39%) cases, respectively. In multivariate analysis, liposarcoma.......56, 95% CI 1.16-2.09; p = 0.003]. By central pathology review, patients with undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) had improved tumor response and OS with doxorubicin-ifosfamide compared to single-agent doxorubicin (OR 9.90, 95% CI 1.93-50.7 and HR 0.44, 95% CI 0.26-0.79, respectively). Grade III...

  14. [Osteoprotegerin as a marker of atherosclerosis and a prognostic factor in stroke].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majerczyk, Marcin; Wajda, Jarosław; Holecki, Michał; Chudek, Jerzy

    2015-12-31

    Stroke is one of the most common causes of disability and lack of independence in activities of daily living in adults. One of the most important factors predisposing to stroke, besides hypertension and atrial fibrillation, is carotid atherosclerosis. Rupture of unstable plaque with formation of a platelet plug is the cause of about 20-25% of ischemic strokes. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is an important regulator of bone remodeling under physiological and disease conditions, as well as the regulator of osteoclast differentiation. Elevated plasma OPG level is associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke and heart diseases, including atrial fibrillation, and is observed in patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis and atherosclerotic vulnerable plaques. Furthermore, the occurrence of certain genotypes of OPG is 10 times more common in people with unstable atherosclerotic plaque, making them an independent risk predictor of plaque instability. This article summarizes the current state of knowledge on the potential role of OPG as a biomarker and prognostic indicator of stroke.

  15. Prognostic factors in gastric cancer evaluated by using Cox regression model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghiandoni, G; Rocchi, M B; Signoretti, P; Belbusti, F

    1998-06-01

    To identify the most relevant short-term predictor variables in gastric cancer removal. A retrospective survival analysis executed by using the Cox regression model; the follow-up period is included between 18 and 90 months. A district general hospital surgery unit: "Divisione di Chirurgia Generale, Ospedale Civile di Urbino" (Marche, Italy). One hundred and twenty nine consecutive patients operated for gastric cancer. Surgery (total or subtotal gastrectomy). Survival times. Lymph node involvement (N) (p extension (T) (p < 0.001) and the age of the patients (p < 0.05) have been recognized as significant prognostic factors. Results show that the short-term prognosis largely depends on both the earliness of the diagnosis and the age of the patients.

  16. Demographic, Clinical, and Prognostic Factors of Ovarian Clear Cell Adenocarcinomas According to Endometriosis Status

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schnack, Tine H; Høgdall, Estrid; Thomsen, Lotte Nedergaard

    2017-01-01

    to endometriosis status. METHODS: Population-based prospectively collected data on CCC with coexisting pelvic (including ovarian; n = 80) and ovarian (n = 46) endometriosis or without endometriosis (n = 95) were obtained through the Danish Gynecological Cancer Database. χ Test, independent-samples t test, logistic...... regression, Kaplan-Meier test, and Cox regression were used. Statistical tests were 2 sided. P values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Patients with CCC and pelvic or ovarian endometriosis were significantly younger than CCC patients without endometriosis, and a higher......OBJECTIVES: Women with endometriosis carry an increased risk for ovarian clear cell adenocarcinomas (CCCs). Clear cell adenocarcinoma may develop from endometriosis lesions. Few studies have compared clinical and prognostic factors and overall survival in patients diagnosed as having CCC according...

  17. [Prognostic factors of postoperative delayed gastric emptying after pancreaticoduodenectomy: a predictive model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, H T; Zong, Y; Zhao, Z Q; Wu, L F; Liu, J; Sun, B; Jiang, H C

    2017-05-01

    Objective: To study the prognostic factors of delayed gastric emptying(DGE) after pancreaticoduodenectomy(PD) and construct a prognostic predictive model for clinical application. Methods: Clinic data of 401 consecutive patients who underwent PD between January 2012 and July 2016 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University were retrospectively collected and analyzed. The patients were randomly selected to modeling group(n=299) and validation group(n=102) at a ratio of 3∶1. The data of modeling group were subjected to univariate and multivariate analysis for prognostic factors and to construct a prognostic predictive model of DGE after PD. The data of validation group were applied to test the prognostic predictive model. Results: DGE after PD occurred in 35 of 299 patients(11.7%) in the modeling group. The multivariate analysis of the modeling group showed that upper abdominal operation history(χ(2)=6.533, P=0.011), diabetes mellitus(χ(2)=17.872, P=0.000), preoperative hemoglobin predictive model of DGE after PD was constructed based on these factors and successfully tested. The area under the receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was 0.761(95%CI: 0.666-0.856) of the modeling group and 0.750(95% CI: 0.577-0.923) of the validation group. Conclusions: Upper abdominal operation history, diabetes mellitus, preoperative hemoglobinmodel is a valid tool to take precautions against DGE after PD.

  18. Mode of detection: an independent prognostic factor for women with breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofvind, Solveig; Holen, Åsne; Román, Marta; Sebuødegård, Sofie; Puig-Vives, Montse; Akslen, Lars

    2016-06-01

    To investigate breast cancer survival and risk of breast cancer death by detection mode (screen-detected, interval, and detected outside the screening programme), adjusting for prognostic and predictive tumour characteristics. Information about detection mode, prognostic (age, tumour size, histologic grade, lymph node status) and predictive factors (molecular subtypes based on immunohistochemical analyses of hormone receptor status (estrogen and progesterone) and Her2 status) were available for 8344 women in Norway aged 50-69 at diagnosis of breast cancer, 2005-2011. A total of 255 breast cancer deaths were registered by the end of 2011. Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate six years breast cancer specific survival and Cox proportional hazard model to estimate hazard ratio (HR) for breast cancer death by detection mode, adjusting for prognostic and predictive factors. Women with screen-detected cancer had favourable prognostic and predictive tumour characteristics compared with interval cancers and those detected outside the screening programme. The favourable characteristics were present for screen-detected cancers, also within the subtypes. Adjusted HR of dying from breast cancer was two times higher for women with symptomatic breast cancer (interval or outside the screening), using screen-detected tumours as the reference. Detection mode is an independent prognostic factor for women diagnosed with breast cancer. Information on detection mode might be relevant for patient management to avoid overtreatment. © The Author(s) 2015.

  19. Depression as a prognostic factor for breast cancer mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjerl, Karen; Andersen, Elisabeth W; Keiding, Niels

    2003-01-01

    It is unclear if depression or depressive symptoms have an effect on mortality in breast cancer patients. In this population-based, nationwide, retrospective cohort study in Denmark, depression was defined as affective or anxiety disorders that necessitated psychiatric hospital admission. All...... the affective and anxiety disorders were divided and categorized into five ordinal diagnostic groups. Early-stage (N=10382) and late-stage (N=10211) breast cancer patients were analyzed separately with Cox's regression adjusted for well-documented somatic prognostic variables. The authors used survival analysis...... of data from three central registers and found that breast cancer patients with depression had a modestly but significantly higher risk of mortality depending on stage of breast cancer and time of depression. The same result was found after censoring unnatural causes of death such as accident, suicide...

  20. Prognostic factors in adults with knee pain in general practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belo, J N; Berger, M Y; Koes, B W; Bierma-Zeinstra, S M A

    2009-02-15

    To predict the 1-year outcome of incident nontraumatic knee symptoms in adults presenting in general practice. Adults age >35 years with nontraumatic knee symptoms (n = 480) were followed for 1 year. At baseline, data on knee symptoms and demographics were collected and a physical examination performed. Knee symptoms were assessed by self-report questionnaires at 3-month intervals. After 1 year the physical examination was repeated. Multivariate prognostic regression models of patient characteristics, symptom characteristics, and physical examination were used to predict persisting knee symptoms after 1 year. Areas under receiving operating characteristic curves (AUCs) were used to determine the predictive value of the model. To assess the added predictive value of symptom characteristics and physical examination, these models were added to the model of patient characteristics. The improvement was expressed as the difference between the 2 AUCs. In the multivariate prognostic model of patient characteristics, age >60 years, educational level, kinesophobia, and comorbidity of the skeletal system were associated with persistent knee symptoms after 1 year (AUC 0.67). Of the symptom characteristics, history of nontraumatic knee symptoms, bilateral symptoms, and duration of symptoms >3 months were associated (AUC 0.73). For determinants of physical examination, crepitus of passive extension was associated (AUC 0.55). The added value of the symptom characteristics model to the patient characteristics model was 0.09 (AUC 0.76). Physical examination added no further value. Symptom characteristics are the strongest predictors of persisting knee symptoms at 1-year followup. Physical examination has no added value in predicting persistent knee symptoms in general practice.

  1. Malnutrition is a prognostic factor in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schütte, Kerstin; Tippelt, Bernadett; Schulz, Christian; Röhl, Friedrich-Wilhelm; Feneberg, Anja; Seidensticker, Ricarda; Arend, Jörg; Malfertheiner, Peter

    2015-12-01

    Malnutrition is a common, hence frequently underdiagnosed condition in patients with liver cirrhosis as well as in patients with cancer and has been shown to have a negative impact on survival in these patients. Frequently applied screening tools including anthropometric measurements or laboratory parameters to screen for malnutrition are not suitable for patients with liver cirrhosis with additional pathophysiological mechanisms leading to hypoalbuminemia and edema. Prospective data on the prevalence and prognostic impact of malnutrition in patients with HCC are scarce. Fifty-one consecutive patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were prospectively enrolled into this study and screened for malnutrition by anthropometric measurements, the MNA score, the NRS score, laboratory work-up, and BIA measurement. The results of the different screening tools were compared to each other and with the BIA assessment and correlated with the outcome of patients. The calculation of a body mass index (BMI) was not suitable to identify malnourished patients with HCC. The MNA identified 19, the NRS score 17 patients at a risk for malnutrition. BIA revealed a reduction in relative body cell mass in 12 patients. Univariate Cox regression analyses identified tumor stage, MNA score, and phase angle obtained by BIA as significant factors with influence on survival. Multivariate analyses confirmed the phase angle at a cut-off of 4.8 to be an independent factor. A significant proportion of patients with HCC is malnourished or at risk for malnutrition. Screening questionnaires and BIA measurement are superior to pure anthropometric measurements to identify the condition that negatively influences survival. The phase angle derived from body impedance analysis is an independent prognostic factor in patients with HCC. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.

  2. The clinical use of biomarkers as prognostic factors in Ewing sarcoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Maldegem Annmeik M

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Ewing Sarcoma is the second most common primary bone sarcoma with 900 new diagnoses per year in Europe (EU27. It has a poor survival rate in the face of metastatic disease, with no more than 10% survival of the 35% who develop recurrence. Despite the remaining majority having localised disease, approximately 30% still relapse and die despite salvage therapies. Prognostic factors may identify patients at higher risk that might require differential therapeutic interventions. Aside from phenotypic features, quantitative biomarkers based on biological measurements may help identify tumours that are more aggressive. We audited the research which has been done to identify prognostic biomarkers for Ewing sarcoma in the past 15 years. We identified 86 articles were identified using defined search criteria. A total of 11,625 patients were reported, although this number reflects reanalysis of several cohorts. For phenotypic markers, independent reports suggest that tumour size > 8 cm and the presence of metastasis appeared strong predictors of negative outcome. Good histological response (necrosis > 90% after treatment appeared a significant predictor for a positive outcome. However, data proposing biological biomarkers for practical clinical use remain un-validated with only one secondary report published. Our recommendation is that we can stratify patients according to their stage and using the phenotypic features of metastases, tumour size and histological response. For biological biomarkers, we suggest a number of validating studies including markers for 9p21 locus, heat shock proteins, telomerase related markers, interleukins, tumour necrosis factors, VEGF pathway, lymphocyte count, and a number of other markers including Ki-67.

  3. Central mucoepidermoid carcinoma: An up-to-date analysis of 147 cases and review of prognostic factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, Lucas Lacerda; Pontes, Flavia Sirotheau Correa; Pontes, Helder Antonio Rebelo; Neto, Nicolau Conte; de Carvalho, Waldner Ricardo Souza; Guimarães, Douglas Magno

    2018-01-01

    To integrate the available data published on central mucoepidermoid carcinoma (CMC) into a comprehensive analysis of its clinical aspects, histology, treatment, and prognostic factors. An electronic search was undertaken in July 2017. Eligibility criteria for publications included having clinical, histological, treatment, and time of follow-up data to confirm the diagnosis. In addition, gender, histological grade, conservative treatment, and lymph node metastasis were significant independent prognostic factors. Male patients with histological grade III CMC of the jaw bone, who used conservative treatment as the main treatment, and presented with lymph node metastasis, were more likely to have a worse prognosis. Copyright © 2017 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Bile duct invasion can be an independent prognostic factor in early stage hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Ye-Rang; Lee, Kwang-Woong; Kim, Hyeyoung; Lee, Jeong-Moo; Yi, Nam-Joon; Suh, Kyung-Suk

    2015-11-01

    In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), bile duct invasion occurs far more rarely than vascular invasion and is not well characterized. In addition, the pathologic finding of bile duct invasion is not considered an independent prognostic factor for HCC following surgery. In this study, we determined the characteristics of HCC with bile duct invasion, and assessed the clinical significance of bile duct invasion. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 363 patients who underwent hepatic resection for HCC at Seoul National University Hospital (SNUH) from January 2009 to December 2011. Preoperative, operative, and pathological data were collected. The risk factors for recurrence and survival were analyzed. Subsequently, the patients were divided into 2 groups according to disease stage (American Joint Committee on Cancer/International Union Against Cancer 7(th) edition): early stage (T1 and 2) and advanced stage (T3 and 4) group; and risk factors in the sub-groups were analyzed. Among 363 patients, 13 showed bile duct invasion on pathology. Patients with bile duct invasion had higher preoperative total bilirubin levels, greater microvascular invasion, and a higher death rate than those without bile duct invasion. In multivariate analysis, bile duct invasion was not an independent prognostic factor for survival for the entire cohort, but, was an independent prognostic factor for early stage. Bile duct invasion accompanied microvascular invasion in most cases, and could be used as an independent prognostic factor for survival especially in early stage HCC (T1 and T2).

  5. Prognostic factors for non-success in patients with sciatica and disc herniation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haugen Anne

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Few studies have investigated prognostic factors for patients with sciatica, especially for patients treated without surgery. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with non-success after 1 and 2 years of follow-up and to test the prognostic value of surgical treatment for sciatica. Methods The study was a prospective multicentre observational study including 466 patients with sciatica and lumbar disc herniation. Potential prognostic factors were sociodemographic characteristics, back pain history, kinesiophobia, emotional distress, pain, comorbidity and clinical examination findings. Study participation did not alter treatment considerations for the patients in the clinics. Patients reported on the questionnaires if surgery of the disc herniation had been performed. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate factors associated with non-success, defined as Maine–Seattle Back Questionnaire score of ≥5 (0–12 (primary outcome and Sciatica Bothersomeness Index ≥7 (0–24 (secondary outcome. Results Rates of non-success were at 1 and 2 years 44% and 39% for the main outcome and 47% and 42% for the secondary outcome. Approximately 1/3 of the patients were treated surgically. For the main outcome variable, in the final multivariate model non-success at 1 year was significantly associated with being male (OR 1.70 [95% CI; 1.06 − 2.73], smoker (2.06 [1.31 − 3.25], more back pain (1.0 [1.01 − 1.02], more comorbid subjective health complaints (1.09 [1.03 − 1.15], reduced tendon reflex (1.62 [1.03 − 2.56], and not treated surgically (2.97 [1.75 − 5.04]. Further, factors significantly associated with non-success at 2 years were duration of back problems >; 1 year (1.92 [1.11 − 3.32], duration of sciatica >; 3 months (2.30 [1.40 − 3.80], more comorbid subjective health complaints (1.10 [1.03 − 1.17] and

  6. Prognostic factors for non-success in patients with sciatica and disc herniation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haugen, Anne Julsrud; Brox, Jens Ivar; Grøvle, Lars; Keller, Anne; Natvig, Bård; Soldal, Dag; Grotle, Margreth

    2012-09-22

    Few studies have investigated prognostic factors for patients with sciatica, especially for patients treated without surgery. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with non-success after 1 and 2 years of follow-up and to test the prognostic value of surgical treatment for sciatica. The study was a prospective multicentre observational study including 466 patients with sciatica and lumbar disc herniation. Potential prognostic factors were sociodemographic characteristics, back pain history, kinesiophobia, emotional distress, pain, comorbidity and clinical examination findings. Study participation did not alter treatment considerations for the patients in the clinics. Patients reported on the questionnaires if surgery of the disc herniation had been performed. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate factors associated with non-success, defined as Maine-Seattle Back Questionnaire score of ≥5 (0-12) (primary outcome) and Sciatica Bothersomeness Index ≥7 (0-24) (secondary outcome). Rates of non-success were at 1 and 2 years 44% and 39% for the main outcome and 47% and 42% for the secondary outcome. Approximately 1/3 of the patients were treated surgically. For the main outcome variable, in the final multivariate model non-success at 1 year was significantly associated with being male (OR 1.70 [95% CI; 1.06 - 2.73]), smoker (2.06 [1.31 - 3.25]), more back pain (1.0 [1.01 - 1.02]), more comorbid subjective health complaints (1.09 [1.03 - 1.15]), reduced tendon reflex (1.62 [1.03 - 2.56]), and not treated surgically (2.97 [1.75 - 5.04]). Further, factors significantly associated with non-success at 2 years were duration of back problems >; 1 year (1.92 [1.11 - 3.32]), duration of sciatica >; 3 months (2.30 [1.40 - 3.80]), more comorbid subjective health complaints (1.10 [1.03 - 1.17]) and kinesiophobia (1.04 [1.00 - 1.08]). For the secondary outcome variable

  7. Epidermal growth factor receptor detection in serum and saliva as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in oral cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanotti, Laura; Paderno, Alberto; Piazza, Cesare; Pagan, Eleonora; Bignotti, Eliana; Romani, Chiara; Bandiera, Elisabetta; Calza, Stefano; Del Bon, Francesca; Nicolai, Piero; Ravaggi, Antonella

    2017-11-01

    Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is overexpressed in a wide variety of malignancies, including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Our objective was to assess the EGFR diagnostic and prognostic value in OSCC by investigating its expression in serum and saliva of patients in comparison with healthy subjects. Prospective case-control study. Serum and saliva samples were collected from a cohort of 63 treatment-naïve OSCC patients before surgery and a matched group of 60 healthy subjects. EGFR concentrations in serum and saliva were quantified by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. OSCC patients showed lower values of serum EGFR compared with controls (P = .0002). Conversely, saliva EGFR concentrations were higher in OSCC patients than in controls (P = .0014). Saliva EGFR levels were also increased in patients with higher T category (pT4 vs. pT saliva EGFR had worse prognosis in terms of overall survival (P = .04). Conversely, no association was found between serum EGFR and clinical outcomes in OSCC patients. Saliva EGFR can be considered as a potential tumor marker for OSCC with both diagnostic and prognostic values. Serum EGFR levels, on the other hand, were lower in OSCC patients, but did not show any prognostic impact. Saliva EGFR levels are worthy of further investigation as a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for OSCC. 3b. Laryngoscope, 127:E408-E414, 2017. © 2017 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

  8. [New advance of research on prognostic factors in myelodysplastic syndrome--review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Jia; Chen, Yan

    2008-12-01

    Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) represents a heterogeneous group of myeloid malignancies characterized by abnormal differentiation and maturation of myeloid cells, bone marrow failure, and a genetic instability with enhanced risk to transform to acute myeloid leukemia. Many factors influence on the prognosis of MDS. The prognosis of MDS subtypes has been changing with the application of World Health Organization (WHO) classification and different new prognostic scoring system, the technology development of cytogenetics and flow cytometry, and the advent of new drugs. A series of recent literatures are summarized on different prognostic factors of MDS. In this review, the controversy in application of WHO classification, MDS prognosis in relation with prognostic scoring system, cytogenetics, immunophenotype and therapeutics were discussed.

  9. Population-based study of breast cancer in older women: prognostic factors of relative survival and predictors of treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dialla Pegdwende

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A large proportion of women with breast cancer (BC are elderly. However, there is a lack of information regarding BC prognostic factors and care in this population. The aims of this study were to assess the prognostic factors of relative survival (RS among women with BC aged ≥ 75 years old and to identify the predictive factors of treatments administered to this population. Methods A population-based study was performed using data from the Cote d’Or breast and gynaecological cancer registry. Women aged 75 years and older with primary invasive BC and resident in Cote d’Or at the time of diagnosis made between January 1998 and December 2008 were retrospectively selected. Prognostic factors of RS were estimated in a generalized linear model with a Poisson error structure. RS rate for the whole population was given at 5 years. Logistic regression models were used to identify the predictors of the treatments administered. Results Six hundred and eighty-one women were included. Median age at diagnosis was 80. Comorbidities (p=0.02, pT stage (p=0.04, metastases (p= Conclusions Comorbid conditions adversely affect survival in older women with breast cancer. Moreover the results of this study showed that there are numerous predictors of the type of treatment administered, and that the most important were age and comorbidities.

  10. Risk factors for longer term psychological distress in well-functioning fibromyalgia patients: a prospective study into prognostic factors.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koulil, S. van; Lankveld, W.G.J.M. van; Kraaimaat, F.W.; Riel, P.L.C.M. van; Evers, A.W.M.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Psychological distress is a key risk factor for long-term complaints in fibromyalgia (FM). Prognostic factors for psychological distress might facilitate an early identification of patients at risk to help prevent long-term dysfunction, especially for the relatively well-functioning

  11. Complex karyotype in mantle cell lymphoma is a strong prognostic factor for the time to treatment and overall survival, independent of the MCL international prognostic index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkozy, Clémentine; Terré, Christine; Jardin, Fabrice; Radford, Isabelle; Roche-Lestienne, Catherine; Penther, Dominique; Bastard, Christian; Rigaudeau, Sophie; Pilorge, Sylvain; Morschhauser, Franck; Bouscary, Didier; Delarue, Richard; Farhat, Hassan; Rousselot, Philippe; Hermine, Olivier; Tilly, Hervé; Chevret, Sylvie; Castaigne, Sylvie

    2014-01-01

    Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is usually an aggressive disease. However, a few patients do have an "indolent" evolution (iMCL) defined by a long survival time without intensive therapy. Many studies highlight the prognostic role of additional genetic abnormalities, but these abnormalities are not routinely tested for and do not yet influence the treatment decision. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic impact of these additional abnormalities detected by conventional cytogenetic testing, as well as their relationships with the clinical characteristics and their value in identifying iMCL. All consecutive MCL cases diagnosed between 1995 and 2011 at four institutions were retrospectively selected on the basis of an informative karyotype with a t(11;14) translocation at the time of diagnosis. A total of 125 patients were included and followed for an actual median time of 35 months. The median overall survival (OS) and survival without treatment (TFS) were 73.7 and 1.3 months, respectively. In multivariable Cox models, a high mantle cell lymphoma international prognostic index score, a complex karyotype, and blastoid morphology were independently associated with a shortened OS. Spleen enlargement, nodal presentation, extra-hematological involvement, and complex karyotypes were associated with shorter TFS. A score based on these factors allowed for the identification of "indolent" patients (median TFS 107 months) from other patients (median TFS: 1 month). In conclusion, in this multicentric cohort of MCL patients, a complex karyotype was associated with a shorter survival time and allowed for the identification of iMCL at the time of diagnosis. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. Treatment outcome and prognostic factor of CO2 laser cordectomy for early glottic cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Phil-Sang; Lee, Sang Joon

    2012-02-01

    Objectives: Laser cordectomy is very popular nowadays and become one of the treatments of choice for early glottis carcinoma. Transoral laser microsurgery has many advantages comparing conventional open surgery or radiation therapy. In this study, we examined the oncologic results of laser cordectomy for early glottic cancer and analyzed the prognostic impact on the survival of the several tumor-related and treatment-related factors. Methods: Patients who were diagnosed as early glottic squamous cell carcinoma, treated by laser cordectomy with curative intent were analyzed. Patients with preivous radiation therapy were included. From June 1988 to March 2005, 202 patients from five hospitals were analyzed (174 T1, 28 T2). Results: Five-year overall survival and disease-free survival were 98.4% and 84.9%. Twenty two patients developed local recurrence. Total laryngectomy was done in 6 patients and laryngeal preservation rate was 97%. Recurrence was higher in the patients with anterior commissure involvement (9/39) than without anterior commissure involvement (13/163). Recurrence was higher in T1b (4/15) than T1a (13/159). Previous radiation was also highly related to the recurrence (7/20 vs 15/182). Twenty patients with local recurrence after radiation therapy were treated by salvage laser cordectomy. Of them, 7 patients developed local recurrence and 5 year disease-free survival was 57%. Complication was rare with one case of hemorrhage. Tracheotomy was not necessary in all patients. Conclusions: Laser cordectomy for early glottic carcinoma showed high survival, laryngeal preservation rate and low complication rate. The prognostic factors were anterior commissure involvement, both vocal fold involvement and previous radiotherapy.

  13. PROGNOSTIC FACTORS OF PROSTATE CANCER BEFORE AND AFTER RADICAL PROSTATECTOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. I. Veliev

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to assess a correlation between the preoperative prognostic characteristics and the pathologic stage and to determine whether a positive surgical margin is present after radical prostatectomy (RPE.Materials and methods. The materials of 224 patients with prostate cancer (PC who had undergone RPE at the Clinic of Urology and Surgical Andrology, Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, were analyzed.Results. The patients’ median age was 62 (43–78 years. Sixty-seven (29.9 %, 46 (20.5%, and 111 (49.6 % patients were referred to as low-, moderate-, and high-risk groups, respectively. A positive surgical margin was observed in 11.9, 28.3, and 38.7 % of the patients in the low-, moderate-, and high-risk groups, respectively (р = 0.0003. The predictors of a positive surgical margin were the percent of involved biopsy specimens (R = 0.34 and Gleason score (R = 0.31 and perineural invasion. According to multivariate analysis, neither the preoperative level of prostate-specific antigen, nor the clinical stage showed any correlation with the positive surgical margin and the pathologic stage after RPE.

  14. Prognostic factors for clinical failure of exacerbations in elderly outpatients with moderate-to-severe COPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson R

    2015-06-01

    weeks posttherapy included wheezing at preexacerbation, mild or moderate (vs extreme sleep disturbances, lower body temperature at exacerbation, forced expiratory volume in 1 second <30%, lower body mass index, concomitant systemic corticosteroids for the current exacerbation, maintenance long-acting β2-agonist and long-acting anticholinergic treatments, and positive sputum culture at EOT.Conclusion: Several bacteriological, historical, treatment-related factors were identified as predictors of early (EOT and later (8 weeks posttherapy clinical failure in this older outpatient population with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These patients should be closely monitored and sputum cultures considered before and after treatment.Keywords: AECOPD, clinical failure, prognostic factor, long-term outcome, poor outcome

  15. A 15-year retrospective analysis of prognostic factors in childhood bacterial meningitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wee, Liang Yi Justin; Tanugroho, Raymond Reinaldo; Thoon, Koh Cheng; Chong, Chia Yin; Choong, Chew Thye; Krishnamoorthy, Subramania; Maiwald, Matthias; Tee, Nancy Wen Sim; Tan, Natalie Woon Hui

    2016-01-01

    This retrospective chart review aimed to identify factors in childhood bacterial meningitis that predicted disease severity and long-term outcome. The study included 112 episodes of microbiologically confirmed bacterial meningitis in children aged three days to 15 years who were admitted to a Singapore hospital from 1998 to 2013. The mortality rate was 6%, and 44% required intensive care unit (ICU) admission. Predictive factors associated with ICU admission included pneumococcal meningitis, with an odds ratio (OR) of 5.2 and 95% confidence interval (CI) of 1.5-18.2, leukopenia (OR 5.6, 95% CI 1.7-17.9) and a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF):serum glucose ratio 1000/mm(3) (OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.086-0.76) was negatively associated with ICU admission. Five years after meningitis, 32% had residual sequelae, and the associated prognostic factors were Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) meningitis (OR 29.5, 95% CI 2-429), seizures during their inpatient stay (OR 10.6, 95% CI 1.9-60.2) and septic shock (OR 8.4, 95% CI 1.1-62.1). As mortality was low in this bacterial meningitis study, ICU admission was used as a marker of disease severity. These findings underscore the importance of the pneumococcal and Hib meningitis vaccines. ©2015 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Humidifier disinfectant-associated lung injury in adults: Prognostic factors in predicting short-term outcome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koo, Hyun Jung; Do, Kyung-Hyun; Chae, Eun Jin [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, Songpa-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hwa Jung [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Cancer Center, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Song, Joon Seon; Jang, Se Jin [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Hong, Sang-Bum; Huh, Jin Won [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, En [Inje University Haundae Paik Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Hong, Soo-Jong [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Childhood Asthma and Atopy Center, Environmental Health Center, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-01-15

    To identify clinical and radiologic findings that affect disease severity and short-term prognosis of humidifier disinfectant-associated lung injury in adults and to compare computed tomography (CT) findings between the patients with and without death or lung transplantation. Fifty-nine adults (mean age, 34 years; M/F = 12:47) were enrolled in this retrospective study. Medical records and prospective surveillance data were used to assess clinical and radiological factors associated with a poor clinical outcome. Multivariate generalized estimating equation models were used to analyse serial CT findings. Overall cumulative major events including lung transplantation and mortality were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Almost half needed ICU admission (47.5 %) and 17 died (28.8 %). Young age, peripartum and low O{sub 2} saturation were factors associated with ICU admission. On initial chest radiographs, consolidation (P < 0.001) and ground-glass opacity (P = 0.01) were significantly noted in patients who required ICU admission. CT findings including consolidation (odds ratio (OR), 1.02), pneumomediastinum (OR, 1.66) and pulmonary interstitial emphysema (OR, 1.61) were the risk factors for lung transplantation and mortality. Clinical and radiologic findings are related to the risks of lung transplantation and mortality of humidifier disinfectant-associated lung injury. Consolidation, pneumomediastinum and pulmonary interstitial emphysema were short-term prognostic CT findings. (orig.)

  17. Tumour burden in early stage Hodgkin's disease: the single most important prognostic factor for outcome after radiotherapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, L; Nordentoft, A M; Cold, Søren

    1987-01-01

    . Other known prognostic factors such as number of involved regions, mediastinal size, pathological stage, systemic symptoms, and ESR were related to tumour burden and lost their prognostic significance in a multivariate analysis. The only other factors of independent significance were histologic subtype...

  18. Prognostic factors of clinical outcomes in endodontic microsurgery: a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Minju; Kim, Sahng Gyoon; Lee, Seung-Jong; Kim, Baekil; Kim, Euiseong

    2013-12-01

    This prospective study examined the potential prognostic factors of endodontic microsurgery and compared the predictors of an isolated endodontic lesion with those of both an isolated endodontic lesion and an endodontic-periodontal lesion. Data were collected from the Microscope Center of the Department of Conservative Dentistry at the Dental College of Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea, between March 2001 and March 2011. A total number of 584 teeth were included, and all clinical procedures were performed by a single operator (E.K.). The evaluation was performed at least 1 year after surgery. For statistical analysis of the predisposing factors, the chi-square test and logistic regression were performed. Of the 584 cases treated, 431 cases came for recall after a period of at least 12 months. Sex (female), tooth position (anterior), arch type (maxilla), and lesion type (isolated endodontic lesion) were found to have a positive effect on surgical outcome. With regards to isolated endodontic lesions, the tooth position (anterior), arch type (maxilla), and type of restoration (single/splinted crown, short bridge, and removable partial denture abutment) were found to be pure positive predictors. In endodontic microsurgery, it is likely that preoperative factors, particularly the tooth position and arch type, have a greater influence on the healing outcome than intra- and post-operative factors. Copyright © 2013 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Prognostic factors for survival in metastatic renal cell carcinoma: update 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukowski, Ronald M

    2009-05-15

    A variety of prognostic factor models to predict survival in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma have been developed. Diverse populations of patients with variable treatments have been used for these analyses. A variety of clinical, pathologic, and molecular factors have been studied, but current models use predominantly easily obtained clinical factors. These approaches are reviewed, and current approaches to further refine and develop these techniques are reviewed. (c) 2009 American Cancer Society.

  20. Elevated copeptin is a prognostic factor for mortality even in patients with renal dysfunction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelbertz, Christiane; Brand, Eva; Fobker, Manfred; Fischer, Dieter; Pavenstädt, Hermann; Reinecke, Holger

    2016-10-15

    Copeptin has turned out to give valuable prognostic information for future cardiovascular events. However, since its plasma concentration directly depends on renal function, the value of copeptin as a predictor for outcome also in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unknown. In this single-center substudy of the German Coronary Artery Disease-REnal Failure (CAD-REF) registry, 301 patients with an angiographically diagnosed stenosis ≥50% in at least one major coronary vessel were included. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was determined using the MDRD formula and patients were classified according to their CKD stage. Copeptin concentrations were measured before initial angiography. Follow-up was performed at 180days, study endpoint was all-cause mortality. Of the 301 included patients, 35 (11.6%) patients had no CKD, 113 (37.5%) had CKD stage 1 or 2, 117 (38.9%) had CKD stage 3, and 36 (12.0%) had CKD stage 4 or 5. Copeptin was elevated (≥14pmol/L) in 81 (26.9%) patients and normal (Copeptin values significantly increased with decreasing eGFR (pcopeptin values. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that copeptin was the sole predictor for mortality (HRR 5.317 (95% CI 1.653-17.098), p=0.005), independent of serum creatinine. Elevated copeptin can be used as a valuable prognostic factor for intermediate-term mortality in patients with both coronary artery and renal disease. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Prognostic factors for survival in adult patients with recurrent glioblastoma: a decision-tree-based model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Audureau, Etienne; Chivet, Anaïs; Ursu, Renata; Corns, Robert; Metellus, Philippe; Noel, Georges; Zouaoui, Sonia; Guyotat, Jacques; Le Reste, Pierre-Jean; Faillot, Thierry; Litre, Fabien; Desse, Nicolas; Petit, Antoine; Emery, Evelyne; Lechapt-Zalcman, Emmanuelle; Peltier, Johann; Duntze, Julien; Dezamis, Edouard; Voirin, Jimmy; Menei, Philippe; Caire, François; Dam Hieu, Phong; Barat, Jean-Luc; Langlois, Olivier; Vignes, Jean-Rodolphe; Fabbro-Peray, Pascale; Riondel, Adeline; Sorbets, Elodie; Zanello, Marc; Roux, Alexandre; Carpentier, Antoine; Bauchet, Luc; Pallud, Johan

    2017-11-20

    We assessed prognostic factors in relation to OS from progression in recurrent glioblastomas. Retrospective multicentric study enrolling 407 (training set) and 370 (external validation set) adult patients with a recurrent supratentorial glioblastoma treated by surgical resection and standard combined chemoradiotherapy as first-line treatment. Four complementary multivariate prognostic models were evaluated: Cox proportional hazards regression modeling, single-tree recursive partitioning, random survival forest, conditional random forest. Median overall survival from progression was 7.6 months (mean, 10.1; range, 0-86) and 8.0 months (mean, 8.5; range, 0-56) in the training and validation sets, respectively (p = 0.900). Using the Cox model in the training set, independent predictors of poorer overall survival from progression included increasing age at histopathological diagnosis (aHR, 1.47; 95% CI [1.03-2.08]; p = 0.032), RTOG-RPA V-VI classes (aHR, 1.38; 95% CI [1.11-1.73]; p = 0.004), decreasing KPS at progression (aHR, 3.46; 95% CI [2.10-5.72]; p < 0.001), while independent predictors of longer overall survival from progression included surgical resection (aHR, 0.57; 95% CI [0.44-0.73]; p < 0.001) and chemotherapy (aHR, 0.41; 95% CI [0.31-0.55]; p < 0.001). Single-tree recursive partitioning identified KPS at progression, surgical resection at progression, chemotherapy at progression, and RTOG-RPA class at histopathological diagnosis, as main survival predictors in the training set, yielding four risk categories highly predictive of overall survival from progression both in training (p < 0.0001) and validation (p < 0.0001) sets. Both random forest approaches identified KPS at progression as the most important survival predictor. Age, KPS at progression, RTOG-RPA classes, surgical resection at progression and chemotherapy at progression are prognostic for survival in recurrent glioblastomas and should inform the treatment decisions.

  2. Survival data and prognostic factors seen in Pakistani patients with esophageal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alidina, A; Gaffar, A; Hussain, F; Islam, M; Vaziri, I; Burney, I; Valimohd, A; Jafri, W

    2004-01-01

    Esophageal cancer is common in Pakistan. An attempt has been made for the first time to look at the survival data and prognostic factors associated with esophageal cancer in this region. We did a retrospective review of 263 cases seen at the Aga Khan University Hospital in Karachi. Data analysis was done using the Kaplan-Meier method and the Cox proportional hazard model. Squamous cell carcinoma was noted in 81% of the cases, whereas adenocarcinoma was the second most common. At the time of diagnosis, early-stage disease was found in 25%, locally advanced in 41% and metastatic in 34% of all cases. Mean age at diagnosis was 56 years, with 59% males and 41% females. Survival data were available in 89 cases. Median survival was 7 months. On univariate analysis, the following factors were of prognostic significance: obstruction, histology, albumin level at diagnosis, age and platelet count. On multivariate analysis, three factors were found prognostic: presence or absence of obstruction, squamous cell carcinoma versus adenocarcinoma and platelet count. We found that patients with squamous cell carcinoma and absence of thrombocytopenia and obstruction had a better overall survival. However, this is a limited retrospective analysis; we therefore recommend that these prognostic factors be evaluated in larger studies.

  3. Prognostic factors for survival after salvage total laryngectomy following radiotherapy or chemoradiation failure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wulff, N B; Andersen, E; Kristensen, C A

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The primary aims were to determine the rates of and prognostic factors for overall survival, disease-specific survival and disease-free survival following salvage total laryngectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Tertiary medical centres. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1...

  4. Preoperative prognostic factors for mortality in peptic ulcer perforation: a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Adamsen, S.; Thomsen, R.W.

    2010-01-01

    metabolic acidosis, tachycardia, acute renal failure, low serum albumin level, high American Society of Anaesthesiologists score, and preoperative delay >24 h were associated with poor prognosis. Conclusions. In patients with PPU, a number of negative prognostic factors can be identified prior to surgery...

  5. Renal survival and prognostic factors in patients with PR3-ANCA associated vasculitis with renal involvement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slot, MC; Tervaert, JWC; Franssen, CFM; Stegeman, CA

    Background. Severe renal disease is a feature of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated small-vessel vasculitis. We evaluated patient and renal survival and prognostic factors in patients with PR3-ANCA associated vasculitis with renal involvement at diagnosis during long-term

  6. Prognostic Factors for Recovery in Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dr. K. Verkerk; A. Pool - Goudzwaard; P.A.J. Luijsterburg; Drs. H.S. Miedema; B.W. Koes

    2011-01-01

    Background. Few data are available on predictors for a favorable outcome in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP). Purpose. The aim of this study was to assess prognostic factors for pain intensity, disability, return to work, quality of life, and global perceived effect in

  7. Prognostic factors for recovery in chronic nonspecific low back pain: A Systematic Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Verkerk (Karin); P.A.J. Luijsterburg (Pim); H.S. Miedema (Harald); A.L. Pool-Goudzwaard (Annelies); B.W. Koes (Bart)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractBackground. Few data are available on predictors for a favorable outcome in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP). Purpose. The aim of this study was to assess prognostic factors for pain intensity, disability, return to work, quality of life, and global perceived

  8. Comorbidity is an independent prognostic factor for the survival of ovarian cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sperling, Cecilie; Noer, Mette Calundann; Christensen, Ib Jarle

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine whether comorbidity is an independent prognostic factor for 3129 women diagnosed with ovarian cancer from 2005 to 2011. As Performance status (PS) might capture the impact of comorbidity we addressed whether comorbidity can be explained by PS or whet...

  9. Prognostic factors for disability claim duration due to musculoskeletal symptoms among self-employed persons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richter JM

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Employees and self-employed persons have, among others, different personal characteristics and different working conditions, which may influence the prognosis of sick leave and the duration of a disability claim. The purpose of the current study is to identify prognostic factors for the duration of a disability claim due to non-specific musculoskeletal disorders (MSD among self-employed persons in the Netherlands. Methods The study population consisted of 276 self-employed persons, who all had a disability claim episode due to MSD with at least 75% work disability. The study was a cohort study with a follow-up period of 12 months. At baseline, participants filled in a questionnaire with possible individual, work-related and disease-related prognostic factors. Results The following prognostic factors significantly increased claim duration: age > 40 years (Hazard Ratio 0.54, no similar symptoms in the past (HR 0.46, having long-lasting symptoms of more than six months (HR 0.60, self-predicted return to work within more than one month or never (HR 0.24 and job dissatisfaction (HR 0.54. Conclusions The prognostic factors we found indicate that for self-employed persons, the duration of a disability claim not only depends on the (history of impairment of the insured, but also on age, self-predicted return to work and job satisfaction.

  10. Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma : Prognostic factors and outcome in 113 patients. A European Musculoskeletal Oncology Society study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frezza, Anna Maria; Cesari, Marilena; Baumhoer, Daniel; Biau, David; Bielack, Stephen; Campanacci, Domenico Andrea; Casanova, Jose; Esler, Claire; Ferrari, Stefano; Funovics, Philipp T.; Gerrand, Craig; Grimer, Robert; Gronchi, Alessandro; Haffner, Nicolas; Hecker-Nolting, Stefanie; Hoeller, Sylvia; Jeys, Lee; Jutte, Paul; Leithner, Andreas; San-Julian, Mikel; Thorkildsen, Joachim; Vincenzi, Bruno; Windhager, Reinhard; Whelan, Jeremy

    Background: Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MCS) is a distinct, very rare sarcoma with little evidence supporting treatment recommendations. Patients and methods: Specialist centres collaborated to report prognostic factors and outcome for 113 patients. Results: Median age was 30 years (range: 11-80),

  11. Risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates: A systematic review of prognostic studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Samuels, N. (Noor); R.A. van de Graaf (Rob); R.C.J. de Jonge (Rogier); I.K.M. Reiss (Irwin); M.J. Vermeulen (Marijn)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe multifactorial disease in preterm neonates associated with high morbidity and mortality. Better insight into prognostic values of the many reported factors associated with NEC is needed to enable identification of neonates at risk

  12. Circulating brain-derived neurotrophic factor has diagnostic and prognostic value in traumatic brain injury

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.K. Korley (Frederick K.); R. Diaz-Arrastia (Ramon); A.H.B. Wu (Alan H. B.); J.K. Yue (John); G. Manley (Geoffrey); H.I. Sair (Haris I.); J.E. van Eyk (Jennifer); A.D. Everett (Allen D.); D. Okonkwo (David); A.B. Valadka (Alex); W.A. Gordon (Wayne A.); A.I.R. Maas (Andrew I.R.); P. Mukherjee (Pratik); E.L. Yuh (Esther); H.F. Lingsma (Hester); A.M. Puccio (Ava); D.M. Schnyer (David)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractBrain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is important for neuronal survival and regeneration. We investigated the diagnostic and prognostic values of serum BDNF in traumatic brain injury (TBI). We examined serum BDNF in two independent cohorts of TBI cases presenting to the emergency

  13. Prognostic factors related to recurrent low-back pain and sickness absence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heuvel, S.G. van den; Ariëns, G.A.M.; Boshuizen, H.C.; Hoogendoorn, W.E.; Bongers, P.M.

    2004-01-01

    This study aimed at determining the prognostic factors related to the recurrence of low-back pain and future sickness absence due to low-back pain. Data were used from a prospective cohort study in a working population with a three year follow-up period. They were collected with annual

  14. Prognostic factors for work ability in sicklisted employees with chronic diseases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slebus, F. G.; Kuijer, P. P. F. M.; Willems, J. Han H. B. M.; Sluiter, J. K.; Frings-Dresen, M. H. W.

    2007-01-01

    Identifying prognostic factors for work ability in sicklisted employees with myocardial infarction (MI), chronic low back pain (cLBP) and major depressive disorder (MDD) in order to establish an objective basis for work ability evaluation. Systematic literature search in PubMed database (1 January

  15. Prognostic factors of long term disability due to mental disorders : a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cornelius, L.R.; van der Klink, J.J.; Groothoff, J.W.; Brouwer, S.

    Introduction In the past few decades, mental health problems have increasingly contributed to sickness absence and long-term disability. However, little is known about prognostic factors of return to work (RTW) and disability of persons already on sick leave due to mental health problems.

  16. Preoperative prognostic factors for mortality in peptic ulcer perforation: a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Adamsen, Sven; Thomsen, Reimar Wernich

    2010-01-01

    Objective. Mortality and morbidity following perforated peptic ulcer (PPU) is substantial and probably related to the development of sepsis. During the last three decades a large number of preoperative prognostic factors in patients with PPU have been examined. The aim of this systematic review...

  17. Change in Quality of Life after Rehabilitation: Prognostic Factors for Visually Impaired Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langelaan, Maaike; de Boer, Michiel R.; van Nispen, Ruth M. A.; Wouters, Bill; Moll, Annette C.; van Rens, Ger H. M. B.

    2009-01-01

    The overall aim of rehabilitation for visually impaired adults is to improve the quality of life and (societal) participation. The objectives of this study were to obtain the short-term and long-term outcome of a comprehensive rehabilitation programme on quality of life for visually impaired adults, and prognostic baseline factors responsible for…

  18. Prognostic factors of motor impairment, disability, and quality of life in newly diagnosed PD

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Velseboer, D.C.; Broeders, M.; Post, B.; van Geloven, N.; Speelman, J.D.; Schmand, B.; de Haan, R.J.; de Bie, R.M.A.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: In Parkinson disease (PD), the rate of clinical progression is highly variable. To date, there are conflicting findings concerning the prognostic factors influencing the rate of progression. Methodologic issues such as the use of selected patients from therapeutic trials, and short

  19. Tailored skills training for practitioners to enhance assessment of prognostic factors for persistent and disabling back pain: four quasi-experimental single-subject studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demmelmaier, Ingrid; Denison, Eva; Lindberg, Per; Åsenlöf, Pernilla

    2012-07-01

    The well-known gap between guidelines and behaviour in clinical practice calls for effective behaviour change interventions. One example showing this gap is physiotherapists' insufficient assessment of psychosocial prognostic factors in back pain (i.e., yellow flags). The present study aimed to evaluate an educational model by performing a tailored skills training intervention for caregivers and studying changes over time in physiotherapists' assessment of prognostic factors in telephone consultations. A quasi-experimental single-subject design over 36 weeks was used, with repeated measurements during baseline, intervention, and postintervention phases. Four physiotherapists in primary health care audiorecorded a total of 63 consultations with patients. The tailored intervention included individual goal setting, skills training, and feedback on performance. The primary outcome was the number of assessed prognostic factors (0-10). Changes were seen in all four participants. The amount of assessed prognostic factors increased from between 0 and 2 at baseline to between 6 and 10 at postintervention. Time spent on assessment of psychosocial factors increased, and time spent on discussions about biomedical pain symptoms decreased. Knowledge and biopsychosocial attitudes toward back pain were congruent with guidelines at inclusion and did not change markedly during the intervention. Self-efficacy for assessment of cognitive and emotional prognostic factors increased during the study phases. The results suggest that a tailored skills training intervention using behaviour change techniques, such as individual goal setting, skills training, and feedback on performance, is effective in producing change in specific clinical behaviours in physiotherapists.

  20. Analysis of prognostic factors and patterns of failure in dogs with periodontal tumors treated with megavoltage irradiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Théon, A P; Rodriguez, C; Griffey, S; Madewell, B R

    1997-03-15

    To determine quality and duration of progression-free survival (PFS) time in dogs with periodontal tumors after definitive megavoltage irradiation and to analyze prognostic factors for PFS time and patterns of treatment failure. Prospective clinical trial. 47 dogs with acanthomatous, fibromatous, or ossifying epulis. Dogs were treated with 48 Gy over 4 weeks on an alternate-day schedule of 4 Gy/fraction. Multivariate analysis was done by use of Cox's proportional hazards regression model to determine prognostic factors for PFS time. The only independent prognostic factor for PFS time was tumor T stage. Pattern of local tumor recurrence (marginal vs infield regrowth) was independent of clinical stage, tumor location, and site. In 4% of the dogs, severe acute radiation reactions in the final week of treatment resulted in treatment discontinuation. In 6.4% of the dogs, chronic radiation reactions included bone necrosis. Irradiation was a safe and effective treatment of small (T1 and T2 stage) periodontal tumors. The usefulness of the radiation protocol in this study is limited in dogs with large (T3) tumors, particularly those located in the caudal half of the oral cavity, because of poor results and high risk of acute radiation toxicoses.

  1. Individual participant data meta-analysis of prognostic factor studies: state of the art?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abo-Zaid Ghada

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Prognostic factors are associated with the risk of a subsequent outcome in people with a given disease or health condition. Meta-analysis using individual participant data (IPD, where the raw data are synthesised from multiple studies, has been championed as the gold-standard for synthesising prognostic factor studies. We assessed the feasibility and conduct of this approach. Methods A systematic review to identify published IPD meta-analyses of prognostic factors studies, followed by detailed assessment of a random sample of 20 articles published from 2006. Six of these 20 articles were from the IMPACT (International Mission for Prognosis and Analysis of Clinical Trials in traumatic brain injury collaboration, for which additional information was also used from simultaneously published companion papers. Results Forty-eight published IPD meta-analyses of prognostic factors were identified up to March 2009. Only three were published before 2000 but thereafter a median of four articles exist per year, with traumatic brain injury the most active research field. Availability of IPD offered many advantages, such as checking modelling assumptions; analysing variables on their continuous scale with the possibility of assessing for non-linear relationships; and obtaining results adjusted for other variables. However, researchers also faced many challenges, such as large cost and time required to obtain and clean IPD; unavailable IPD for some studies; different sets of prognostic factors in each study; and variability in study methods of measurement. The IMPACT initiative is a leading example, and had generally strong design, methodological and statistical standards. Elsewhere, standards are not always as high and improvements in the conduct of IPD meta-analyses of prognostic factor studies are often needed; in particular, continuous variables are often categorised without reason; publication bias and availability bias are rarely

  2. Risk factors for postoperative complications in oral cancer and their prognostic implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Melo, G M; Ribeiro, K C; Kowalski, L P; Deheinzelin, D

    2001-07-01

    The surgical treatment of head and neck cancer can be limited by the risk of postoperative complications. Early identification of risk factors based on clinical characteristics may assist therapeutic planning. To identify risk factors for these complications and to evaluate their prognostic significance. The medical records of 110 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma admitted from January 1, 1990, to December 31, 1994, who underwent radical surgery were reviewed. Data collected included demographic information, comorbidities, extended clinical severity stage, treatment, complications, and survival. The chi(2) test was used to verify the association between the variables. Survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier method. Logistic and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to build models with independent predictive factors for the risk of complications and death, respectively. The overall complication rate was 50%. Dehiscence and infection rates were 20.9% and 22.7%, respectively. The death rate was 3.6%. Forty-seven patients (42.7%) were electively referred to the intensive care unit (ICU). The occurrence of postoperative complications was associated with extended clinical severity stage (P =.02), type of surgery (P =.03), ICU (P =.03), type of reconstruction (P =.02), Functional Severity Index (P =.03), neck dissection (P =.002), and APACHE II (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II) (P =.008). The number of complications was significantly correlated with the length of hospital stay (r = 0.24, P =.01) and with the Functional Severity Index (r = 0.19, P =.04). Five-year overall survival was affected by the type of complications (none, 41.7%; local, 34.1%; and local plus systemic, 0% [Prisk = 3.57, P =.01) and an APACHE II score greater than 10 (relative risk = 3.86, P =.02) were independent risk factors for complications. The predictive prognostic model consisted of the following: staying in the ICU (hazard ratio = 1.83), local

  3. Procalcitonin as a Diagnostic and Prognostic Factor for Tuberculosis Meningitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jinseung; Kim, Si Eun; Park, Bong Soo; Shin, Kyong Jin; Ha, Sam Yeol; Park, JinSe; Kim, Sung Eun

    2016-01-01

    Background and Purpose We investigated the potential role of serum procalcitonin in differentiating tuberculosis meningitis from bacterial and viral meningitis, and in predicting the prognosis of tuberculosis meningitis. Methods This was a retrospective study of 26 patients with tuberculosis meningitis. In addition, 70 patients with bacterial meningitis and 49 patients with viral meningitis were included as the disease control groups for comparison. The serum procalcitonin level was measured in all patients at admission. Differences in demographic and laboratory data, including the procalcitonin level, were analyzed among the three groups. In addition, we analyzed the predictive factors for a prognosis of tuberculosis meningitis using the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) at discharge, and the correlation between the level of procalcitonin and the GCS score at discharge. Results Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that a low level of procalcitonin (≤1.27 ng/mL) independently distinguished tuberculosis meningitis from bacterial meningitis. The sensitivity and specificity for distinguishing tuberculosis meningitis from bacterial meningitis were 96.2% and 62.9%, respectively. However, the level of procalcitonin in patients with tuberculosis meningitis did not differ significantly from that in patients with viral meningitis. In patients with tuberculosis meningitis, a high level of procalcitonin (>0.4 ng/mL) was a predictor of a poor prognosis, and the level of procalcitonin was negatively correlated with the GCS score at discharge (r=-0.437, p=0.026). Conclusions We found that serum procalcitonin is a useful marker for differentiating tuberculosis meningitis from bacterial meningitis and is also valuable for predicting the prognosis of tuberculosis meningitis. PMID:27165424

  4. [Granulosa cell tumor--the assessment of some clinical and therapeutic parameters as prognostic factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bidziński, M; Krynicki, R; Lindner, B; Sobiczewski, P; Panek, G; Wierzba, W; Lewandowski, Z

    2001-12-01

    The results of the clinical and therapeutic factors in prognostic mean was presented. 48 cases of granulosa cell tumours treated from 1984 to 1994 in Oncology Centre in Warsaw were analysed. In investigated group 13 patients died, but only 8 because of relapse of the tumour. Among all analysed patients, 79% have reached 5 years free survival period. Tumour rupture, FIGO stage and incidence of irregular bleeding before recognition of the tumour had significant prognostic value. There were surprising that relative risk of relapse between patients stage I and II were similar (1.0 vs 1.01). The relative risk between I and III stage had strong prognostic difference. Additional operation after no radical surgery did not influence on better prognosis, but followed radiotherapy increase treatment results.

  5. Stromal compartment as a survival prognostic factor in advanced ovarian carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labiche, Alexandre; Heutte, Natacha; Herlin, Paulette; Chasle, Jacques; Gauduchon, Pascal; Elie, Nicolas

    2010-01-01

    We investigated the prognostic significance of stromal compartment on the overall survival of patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. We evaluated retrospectively the stroma proportion of the tumor surgical specimens of 194 patients with stages III and IV disease, using histochemical staining and fully automatic virtual slide processing. The prognostic significance of stroma proportion and clinical parameters were evaluated using log-rank test and Cox regression. Stroma proportion was found to be an independent prognostic factor by both univariate (P = 0.016) and multivariate analyses (hazards ratio = 1.45, P = 0.011). The present data indicate that a high stroma proportion is related to a poor prognosis of stage III and IV ovarian carcinomas.

  6. Negative Prognostic Factors For Malignant External Otitis And The Effectiveness Of The Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arzu Mammadov

    2014-06-01

    Results: Patients were between 38 and 90 years old and median age was 63,24. Fourty of them were diabetic. Nine of 19 insulin users (47,4% and 5 of oral antidiabetic users (23,8% were found to be in negative prognostic group. There were 7 patients with facial paralysis and 3 of them died. There were bilateral diseases in 5 patients and 4 of them had recurrence after treatment. Eight patients had advenced radiological findings and 1 of them died (12,5%. And 6 of 8 patients who had serious infection of temporal bone assesed in negative prognostic group. Conclusion: Insulin dependent diabetes, bilateral disease, advenced infection and facial paralysis were considered to be negative prognostic factors. The success of treatment was considered to be dependent on control of diabetes, daily ear aspirations, and long term combined antibiotherapy. Early diagnosis and treatment is essential. [Cukurova Med J 2014; 39(3.000: 525-531

  7. Prognostic factors in children with PRES and hematologic diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tambasco, N; Mastrodicasa, E; Salvatori, C; Mancini, G; Romoli, M; Caniglia, M; Calabresi, P; Verrotti, A

    2016-12-01

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical and radiological entity characterized by focal neurological signs, headache, confusion, and seizure, associated with transitory lesions in the posterior areas of the brain detectable with neuroimaging. Among children, one of the most common causes of PRES is cancer. In this review, we present the cases of 5 children developing PRES after stem cell transplantation for hematological disease and review all the cases reported in English literature to investigate outcomes and associated risk factors. One hundred and eleven cases were reported. Hypertension was very frequent (80%). Clinical features included seizures (80.1%), headache (44.1%), visual disturbance (26.1%), and mental change (48.6%). EEG was abnormal in 27 of 32 patients. MRI revealed characteristic lesions in all patients even in early stages. Abnormal MRI findings in late stages were associated with neurological sequelae. Nineteen patients died (17.1%) of which 2 of PRES. Among alive patients, 17 had neurological sequelae. Four cases of PRES relapse were described. Thus, all transplant recipients with symptoms consistent with PRES should be promptly recognized to avoid long-term complications or even death. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Is BPPV a Prognostic Factor in Idiopathic Sudden Sensory Hearing Loss?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, No Hee; Ban, Jae Ho

    2010-12-01

    The prognostic significance of vertigo in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) remains a matter of debate because vertigo is associated with many different vestibular disorders. The purpose of this study is to determine the role of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) as a prognostic factor in patients with SSNHL. We conducted a retrospective study of 298 patients with SSNHL. Hearing outcomes were evaluated by assessments of pre-treatment hearing and hearing gain. Comparative multivariate analyses between prognostic factors and hearing outcome were conducted. Thirty-eight (12.7%) SSNHL patients were found to also have BPPV. BPPV showed significant negative prognostic factors in hearing outcome on multivariate analysis (odds ratio, 0.15). In comparison to average pure tone audiometry (PTA), patients diagnosed with SSNHL with BPPV exhibited poorer hearing in pre- and post-treatment PTA compared to SSNHL without BPPV. Old age (>60 years), pre-treatment hearing, and canal paresis were significant outcome predictors. BPPV in SSNHL patients, representing definitive vestibular damage, was closely related to poor prognosis.

  9. Thoracoscopy in pediatric pleural empyema: a prospective study of prognostic factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalfa, Nicolas; Allal, Hossein; Lopez, Manuel; Saguintaah, Magali; Guibal, Marie-Pierre; Sabatier-Laval, Edith; Forgues, Dominique; Counil, François; Galifer, René-Benoit

    2006-10-01

    The indications for thoracoscopy remain imprecise in cases of pleural empyema. This study aimed to identify preoperative prognostic factors to help in the surgical decision. From 1996 to 2004, 50 children with parapneumonic pleural empyema underwent thoracoscopy either as the initial procedure (n = 26) or after failure of medical treatment (n = 24). Using multivariate analysis, we tested the prognostic value of clinical and bacteriological data, the ultrasonographic staging of empyema, and the delay before surgery. Outcome measures were technical difficulties, postoperative complications, time to apyrexia, duration of drainage, and length of hospitalization. The clinical and bacterial data did not significantly predict the postoperative course. Echogenicity and the presence of pleural loculations at ultrasonography were not independent significant prognostic factors. A delay between diagnosis and surgery of more than 4 days was significantly correlated (P atelectasia. The main prognostic factor for thoracoscopic treatment of pleural empyema is the interval between diagnosis and surgery. A 4-day limit, corresponding to the natural process of empyema organization, is significant. The assessment of loculations by ultrasonography alone is not sufficient to predict the postoperative course.

  10. MTHFR polymorphisms as prognostic factors in sporadic colorectal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osian, Gelu; Procopciuc, Lucia; Vlad, Liviu

    2007-09-01

    Theoretically, individuals having at least one mutant allele present a modified activity of the MTHFR enzyme and low methylation, DNA synthesis-repair respectively, which could imply a higher risk of colorectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relations of these mutations with the clinico-pathological aspects of colorectal cancer. The study included 69 patients with sporadic colorectal cancer. The relative risk in homozygous patients with a normal allele and for mutations C667T and A1298C, in heterozygous patients with one normal and one mutant allele, and for homozygous patients for the mutant allele was calculated. C667T and A1298C mutations represent a risk factor for colorectal cancer with an OR (odds ratio) = 2.13 (CI (0.51-8.91)) and 3 (CI(0.3-29.58), respectively, in homozygous patients. These mutations are associated with a more frequent location of lesions at the colon level, OR=2.3 and 2.15 respectively. The incidence of the A1298C mutation was more frequent in stage N0 than N+ (p<0.05), pT2 vs. pT3 (p<0.05), as well as in Dukes stages B and D vs. A or C (p<0.05). The results obtained support the hypothesis of an increased colorectal cancer prevalence in patients with one of the MTHFR gene mutations. These patients develop colon cancer more frequently, they present lymph node invasion more rarely, and develop more often distant metastases.

  11. Prognostic factors in patients with acute mesenteric ischemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yıldırım, Doğan; Hut, Adnan; Tatar, Cihad; Dönmez, Turgut; Akıncı, Muzaffer; Toptaş, Mehmet

    2017-01-01

    Acute mesenteric ischemia, one of the causes of acute abdominal pain due to occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery, has a fatal course as a result of intestinal necrosis. There is no specific laboratory test to diagnose acute mesenteric ischemia. The basis of treatment in cases of acute mesenteric ischemia is composed of early diagnosis, resection of intestinal sections with infarction, regulation of intestinal blood flow, second look laparotomy when required, and intensive care support. The aim of this study is to investigate the factors affecting mortality in patients treated and followed-up with a diagnosis of acute mesenteric ischemia. Forty-six patients treated and followed-up with a diagnosis of acute mesenteric ischemia between January 1 st , 2008 and December 31 st , 2014 at the General Surgery Clinic of our hospitalwere retrospectively evaluated. The patients were grouped as survivor (Group 1) and dead (Group 2). Age, gender, accompanying disorders, clinical, laboratory and radiologic findings, duration until laparotomy, evaluation according to the Mannheim Peritonitis Index postoperative complications, surgical treatment applied, and type of ischemia and outcome following surgery were recorded. A total of 46 patients composed of 22 males and 24 females with a mean age of 67.5±17.9 and with a diagnosis of mesenteric ischemia were included in the study. Twenty-seven patients died (58.7%) while 19 survived (41.3%). The mean MPI score was 16.8±4.7 and 25.0±6 in Group 1 and Group 2, respectively, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (pmesenteric ischemia. Prevention of complications with critical intensive care during the postoperative period aids in decreasingthe mortality rate. In addition, using the Mannheim Peritonitis Index can be helpful.

  12. Prognostic Factors for Survival in Pulmonary Hypertension Due to Left Heart Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamabe, Sayuri; Dohi, Yoshihiro; Fujisaki, Shinya; Higashi, Akifumi; Kinoshita, Hiroki; Sada, Yoshiharu; Hidaka, Takayuki; Kurisu, Satoshi; Yamamoto, Hideya; Kihara, Yasuki

    2016-01-01

    The epidemiological data of pulmonary hypertension (PH) due to left heart disease (LHD) are limited. This study investigated hemodynamic and clinical factors associated with mortality in patients with PH due to LHD. We conducted a retrospective review in 243 patients with PH due to LHD, defined as mean pulmonary arterial pressure ≥25 mmHg and pulmonary wedge pressure >15 mmHg at rest in right heart catheterization. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were performed. Seventy-five patients died during an average follow-up of 52 months (range, 20-73 months). On multivariate analysis, only diastolic pulmonary vascular pressure gradient (DPG) ≥7 mmHg among hemodynamic measurements was a predictor of mortality. Elevated N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP), more severe New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, anemia, and renal dysfunction were more strongly associated with mortality. Mean right atrial pressure (RAP) and currently available markers of pulmonary vascular remodeling including transpulmonary pressure gradient (TPG) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) had no effect on survival. DPG is weakly associated with mortality in PH due to LHD. Clinical factors such as NT-pro BNP, NYHA class, anemia and renal dysfunction are superior predictors. The prognostic ability of hemodynamic factors such as mean RAP, TPG, PVR and DPG is limited.

  13. Prognostic factors after surgical resection of N1 non-small cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mordant, P; Pricopi, C; Legras, A; Arame, A; Foucault, C; Dujon, A; Le Pimpec-Barthes, F; Riquet, M

    2015-05-01

    Non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) with N1 involvement is associated with 5-year survival rates ranging from 7% to 55%. Numerous factors have been independently reported to explain this heterogeneous prognosis, but their relative weight on long-term survival is unknown. Patients who underwent surgical resection for NSCLC in two French centers from 1993 to 2010 were prospectively recorded and retrospectively reviewed. The overall survival (OS) of patients undergoing first-line surgery for pN1 disease was analyzed according to the type of extension, number of metastatic LN, number and anatomic location of metastatic stations. The study group included 450 patients (male 80.2%, mean age 63.3 ± 9.9 years, 5-year overall survival 46%). The number of metastatic station was 1 in 340 (75.6%, single-station disease) and ≥2 in 110 patients (24.4%, multi-station disease). The number of metastatic stations was correlated with the number of metastatic LN (p < .001), and associated with adverse OS (p = .0014). The presence of intralobar metastatic LN (station 12-13-14) was associated with a mechanism of direct extension (p < .001), but did not impact OS (p = .71). The location of metastatic stations was of prognostic significance only in case of multi-station disease, with hilar (station 10) involvement being associated with adverse OS (p = .005). The 110 patients with multi-station pN1 disease and the 134 patients operated on for single-station pN0N2 (skip-N2) disease during the study period yield comparable outcome (p = .52). In patients with resected pN1 NSCLC, the number of metastatic stations and their location in case of multi-station disease have a prognostic value. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. [The shoulder-hand syndrome after stroke: clinical factors of severity and value of prognostic score of Perrigot].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daviet, J C; Preux, P M; Salle, J Y; Lebreton, F; Munoz, M; Dudognon, P; Pelissier, J; Perrigot, M

    2001-07-01

    The purposes of this study were to evaluate the prognostical factors of reflex sympathetic dystrophy in stroke patients in attempt to improve the Perrigot prognostical score. This prospective study included 28 stroke patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy. An initial clinical assessment including Perrigot score was made at the time of admission (before the end of the first month) and a second evaluation of reflex sympathetic dystrophy at the end of the third month. Patients were assessed using Motricity Index, Ashworth scale, de Bats grading (for glenohumeral alignment), Labrousse criteria (for reflex sympathetic dystrophy severity), and MADRS depression scale. Sensory deficit and unilateral neglect were noted. The length of stay in acute ward was 16 days. The Perrigot score was correlated with the reflex sympathetic dystrophy severity (r = 0.7, p shoulder subluxation. It wasn't possible to improve the Perrigot prognostical score. Perrigot score predict reflex sympathetic dystrophy severity and the result of therapy. The shoulder subluxation which is not included in this score appears to be not predictive. Shoulder subluxation is simply a marker of a severe paresis.

  15. Hepatocyte growth factor is a prognostic marker in patients with colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chao-Yuan; Zhou, Qian-Yi; Hu, Yue; Wen, Yi; Qiu, Zhen-Wen; Liang, Man-Guang; Mo, Jun-Ling; Xu, Jian-Hua; Sun, Cong; Liu, Feng-Bin; Chen, Xin-Lin

    2017-04-04

    Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a crucial factor associated with development, progression and metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, its prognostic value remains unclear. Thus studies referring to the correlation between HGF and CRC patients' prognosis were included to explore the role of HGF in CRC. At last nine articles were included. The results showed that the over-expression of HGF was associated with a poor prognosis, presented through overall survival (OS, Hazard ratio (HR) = 2.50, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.12-2.96) and disease-free survival (DFS, HR = 1.99, 95% CI: 1.59-2.50). Subgroup analysis indicated that no significant difference was found between the Asian countries (OS: HR = 2.37; DFS: HR = 2.02) and the non-Asian countries (OS: HR = 3.15; DFS: HR = 1.87), between the studies that used univariate analyses (OS: HR = 2.51; DFS: HR = 2.07) and those that used multivariate analyses (OS: HR = 2.65; DFS: HR = 1.78), and between metastatic CRC (OS: HR = 2.26; DFS: HR = 2.06) and stage I-IV CRC (OS: HR = 3.08; DFS: HR = 0.70). Our meta-analysis has shown that the over-expression of HGF is valuable in CRC prognosis evaluation. This conclusion should be further confirmed by large-sample cohort studies.

  16. Prognostic factors for survival in patients with colorectal liver metastases: experience of a single brazilian cancer center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héber Salvador de Castro Ribeiro

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Liver metastases are a common event in the clinical outcome of patients with colorectal cancer and account for 2/3 of deaths from this disease. There is considerable controversy among the data in the literature regarding the results of surgical treatment and prognostic factors of survival, and no analysis have been done in a large cohort of patients in Brazil. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the results of surgical treatment of patients with colorectal liver metastases, and to establish prognostic factors of survival in a Brazilian population. METHOD: This was a retrospective study of patients undergoing liver resection for colorectal metastases in a tertiary cancer hospital from 1998 to 2009. We analyzed epidemiologic variables and the clinical characteristics of primary tumors, metastatic disease and its treatment, surgical procedures and follow-up, and survival results. Survival analyzes were done by the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test was applied to determine the influence of variables on overall and disease-free survival. All variables associated with survival with P<0.20 in univariate analysis, were included in multivariate analysis using a Cox proportional hazard regression model. RESULTS: During the period analyzed, 209 procedures were performed on 170 patients. Postope-rative mortality in 90 days was 2.9% and 5-year overall survival was 64.9%. Its independent prognostic factors were the presence of extrahepatic disease at diagnosis of liver metastases, bilateral nodules and the occurrence of major complications after liver surgery. The estimated 5-year disease-free survival was 39.1% and its prognostic factors included R1 resection, extrahepatic disease, bilateral nodules, lymph node involvement in the primary tumor and primary tumors located in the rectum. CONCLUSION: Liver resection for colorectal metastases is safe and effective and the analysis of prognostic factors of survival in a large cohort of Brazilian patients

  17. Tumor budding is an independent adverse prognostic factor in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Kate; Li-Chang, Hector H; Kalloger, Steven E; Peixoto, Renata D; Webber, Douglas L; Owen, David A; Driman, David K; Kirsch, Richard; Serra, Stefano; Scudamore, Charles H; Renouf, Daniel J; Schaeffer, David F

    2015-04-01

    Tumor budding is a well-established adverse prognostic factor in colorectal cancer. However, the significance and diagnostic reproducibility of budding in pancreatic carcinoma requires further study. We aimed to assess the prognostic significance of tumor budding in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, determine its relationship with other clinicopathologic features, and assess interobserver variability in its diagnosis. Tumor budding was assessed in 192 archival cases of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) sections; tumor buds were defined as single cells or nonglandular clusters composed of budding was determined through assessment of all tumor-containing slides, and associations with clinicopathologic features and outcomes were analyzed. Six gastrointestinal pathologists participated in an interobserver variability study of 120 images of consecutive tumor slides stained with H&E and cytokeratin. Budding was present in 168 of 192 cases and was associated with decreased overall survival (P=0.001). On multivariable analysis, tumor budding was prognostically significantly independent of stage, grade, tumor size, nodal status, lymphovascular invasion, and perineural invasion. There was substantial agreement among pathologists in assessing the presence of tumor budding using both H&E (K=0.63) and cytokeratin (K=0.63) stains. The presence of tumor budding is an independent adverse prognostic factor in pancreatic ductal carcinoma. The assessment of budding with H&E is reliable and could be used to better risk stratify patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

  18. The Prognostic Value of Haplotypes in the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Torben Frøstrup; Spindler, Karen-Lise Garm; Andersen, Rikke Fredslund

    2010-01-01

    was to investigate the prognostic importance of haplotypes in the VEGF-A gene in patients with CRC. The study included 486 patients surgically resected for stage II and III CRC, divided into two independent cohorts. Three SNPs in the VEGF-A gene were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction. Haplotypes were estimated...

  19. Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow - Follow-up and prognostic factors determining outcome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beekman, R; Wokke, JHJ; Schoemaker, MC; Lee, ML; Visser, LH

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To determine the outcome in patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) treated surgically or conservatively, and the prognostic value of clinical, sonographic, and electrophysiologic features. Methods: After a median follow-up of 14 months, 69 of 84 patients initially included in a

  20. [Clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of pulmonary tuberculosis with concurrent lung cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Yingchun; Song, Yelin; Liu, Yufeng

    2014-09-30

    To explore the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of pulmonary tuberculosis with concurrent lung cancer. Comprehensive analyses were conducted for 58 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis patients with lung cancer. Their clinical symptoms, signs and imaging results were analyzed between January 1998 and January 2005 at Qingdao Chest Hospital. Kaplan-Meier method was utilized to calculate their survival rates. Nine prognostic characteristics were analyzed. Single factor analysis was performed with Logrank test and multi-factor analysis with Cox regression model. The initial symptoms were cough, chest tightness, fever and hemoptysis. Chest radiology showed the coexistence of two diseases was 36 in the same lobe and 22 in different lobes. And there were pulmonary nodules (n = 24), cavities (n = 19), infiltration (n = 8) and atelectasis (n = 7). According to the pathological characteristics, there were squamous carcinoma (n = 33), adenocarcinoma (n = 17), small cell carcinoma (n = 4) and unidentified (n = 4) respectively. The TNM stages were I (n = 13), II(n = 22), III (n = 16) and IV (n = 7) respectively. The median survival period was 24 months. And the 1, 3, 5-year survival rates were 65.5%, 65.5% and 29.0% respectively. Single factor analysis showed that lung cancer TNM staging (P = 0.000) and tuberculosis activity (P = 0.024) were significantly associated with patient prognosis. And multi-factor analysis showed that lung cancer TNM staging (RR = 2.629, 95%CI: 1.759-3.928, P = 0.000) and tuberculosis activity (RR = 1.885, 95%CI: 1.023-3.471, P = 0.042) were relatively independent prognostic factors. The clinical and radiological characteristics contribute jointly to early diagnosis and therapy of tuberculosis with concurrent lung cancer. And TNM staging of lung cancer and activity of tuberculosis are major prognostic factors.

  1. [Predictive and prognostic factors of preeclampsia: Interest of PlGF and sFLT-1].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieillefosse, S; Guibourdenche, J; Atallah, A; Haddad, B; Fournier, T; Tsatsaris, V; Lecarpentier, E

    2016-11-01

    Preeclampsia is characterized by the association of hypertension and a de novo proteinuria in the second half of pregnancy. Currently, obstetrical teams do not have any tool to detect during the first trimester of pregnancy, in low risk population, the patients likely to develop early and severe preeclampsia. On the other hand, there is no diagnostic/prognostic tool in case of strong suspicion of preeclampsia. The Placental Growth Factor (PIGF) and soluble receptor of the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (sFlt-1) are respectively two molecules pro- and anti-angiogenic released mainly by the placenta during pregnancy. Numerous experimental and clinical results suggest that an imbalance of pro/anti-angiogenic factors is involved in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. We selected and analyzed the main studies that have evaluated the predictive, diagnostic and prognostic value of these two biomarkers for preeclampsia. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  2. Additional Value of Diffusion-Weighted Imaging to Evaluate Prognostic Factors of Breast Cancer: Correlation with the Apparent Diffusion Coefficient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Eun Kyung; Cho, Kyu Ran; Seo, Bo Kyoung; Woo, Ok Hee; Cho, Sung Bum; Bae, Jeoung Won

    2016-01-01

    Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease with diverse prognoses. The main prognostic determinants are lymph node status, tumor size, histological grade, and biological factors, such as hormone receptors, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), Ki-67 protein levels, and p53 expression. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can be used to measure the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) that provides information related to tumor cellularity and the integrity of the cell membranes. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether ADC measurements could provide information on the prognostic factors of breast cancer. A total of 71 women with invasive breast cancer, treated consecutively, who underwent preoperative breast MRIs with DWI at 3.0 Tesla and subsequent surgery, were prospectively included in this study. Each DWI was acquired with b values of 0 and 1000 s/mm(2). The mean ADC values of the lesions were measured, including the entire lesion on the three largest sections. We performed histopathological analyses for the tumor size, lymph node status, histological grade, hormone receptors, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), Ki-67, p53, and molecular subtypes. The associations with the ADC values and prognostic factors of breast cancer were evaluated using the independent-samples t test and the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). A low ADC value was associated with lymph node metastasis (P < 0.01) and with high Ki-67 protein levels (P = 0.03). There were no significant differences in the ADC values among the histological grade (P = 0.48), molecular subtype (P = 0.51), tumor size (P = 0.46), and p53 protein level (P = 0.62). The pre-operative use of the 3.0 Tesla DWI could provide information about the lymph node status and tumor proliferation for breast cancer patients, and could help determine the optimal treatment plan.

  3. Prognostic factors associated with mortality in patients with septic arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmussen Andreasen, Rikke; Andersen, Nanna Skaarup; Just, Søren Andreas

    2017-01-01

    factor for death was liver disease at time of presentation [odds ratio (OR) 40.40, 95% confidence interval (CI) 5.38-303]. The other factors tested such as age > 65 years, elevated temperature, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), prostheses, and diabetes mellitus (DM) did not reach statistical significance...... aetiologies, systemic signs of inflammation, and co-morbidity. METHOD: A descriptive study identifying patients with SA from central Denmark, during the period 2006-2013, by the use of joint fluid culture data retrieved from the electronic database at the Department of Clinical Microbiology, Odense University...

  4. Clinical Risk Factors and Prognostic Model for Primary Graft Dysfunction after Lung Transplantation in Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porteous, Mary K; Lee, James C; Lederer, David J; Palmer, Scott M; Cantu, Edward; Shah, Rupal J; Bellamy, Scarlett L; Lama, Vibha N; Bhorade, Sangeeta M; Crespo, Maria M; McDyer, John F; Wille, Keith M; Localio, A Russell; Orens, Jonathan B; Shah, Pali D; Weinacker, Ann B; Arcasoy, Selim; Wilkes, David S; Ware, Lorraine B; Christie, Jason D; Kawut, Steven M; Diamond, Joshua M

    2017-10-01

    Pulmonary hypertension from pulmonary arterial hypertension or parenchymal lung disease is associated with an increased risk for primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation. We evaluated the clinical determinants of severe primary graft dysfunction in pulmonary hypertension and developed and validated a prognostic model. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients in the multicenter Lung Transplant Outcomes Group with pulmonary hypertension at transplant listing. Severe primary graft dysfunction was defined as PaO2/FiO2 ≤200 with allograft infiltrates at 48 or 72 hours after transplantation. Donor, recipient, and operative characteristics were evaluated in a multivariable explanatory model. A prognostic model derived using donor and recipient characteristics was then validated in a separate cohort. In the explanatory model of 826 patients with pulmonary hypertension, donor tobacco smoke exposure, higher recipient body mass index, female sex, listing mean pulmonary artery pressure, right atrial pressure and creatinine at transplant, cardiopulmonary bypass use, transfusion volume, and reperfusion fraction of inspired oxygen were associated with primary graft dysfunction. Donor obesity was associated with a lower risk for primary graft dysfunction. Using a 20% threshold for elevated risk, the prognostic model had good negative predictive value in both derivation and validation cohorts (89.1% [95% confidence interval, 85.3-92.8] and 83.3% [95% confidence interval, 78.5-88.2], respectively), but low positive predictive value. Several recipient, donor, and operative characteristics were associated with severe primary graft dysfunction in patients with pulmonary hypertension, including several risk factors not identified in the overall transplant population. A prognostic model with donor and recipient clinical risk factors alone had low positive predictive value, but high negative predictive value, to rule out high risk for primary graft dysfunction.

  5. Prognostic factors in Adult Tetanus in a Tertiary referral Centre ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Tetanus is a cause of painful and avoidable deaths in Nigeria. The aim of this study is to identify the factors that significantly contribute to the outcome of adult tetanus at Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals' Complex. Method: Medical records of adult patients (≥ 16years) admitted for tetanus at the ...

  6. Preoperative Platelettolymphocyte Ratio as a Prognostic Factor in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-02-07

    Feb 7, 2018 ... factor in geriatric patients with proximal femoral fractures. ... data of 288 patients who underwent surgery for proximal femoral fracture were .... Ozates N, Omeroglu H. Early clinical results of cementless, bipolar hemiarthroplasty in intracapsular femur neck fractures. Eklem Hastalik Cerrahisi 2011;22:2-7. 3.

  7. Acute Inflammatory Demyelination: MRI Prognostic Factors for Relapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Initial MRI factors predictive of a second attack and disability following a first episode of acute CNS inflammatory demyelination in a cohort of 116 children seen between 1990 and 2002 were studied at the Hopital Cochin-Saint-Vincent de Paul, Paris; Hopital Bicetre, Lille; Hopital Neurologique, Lyon, France; and McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

  8. Prognostic risk factors for early diagnosing of Preeclampsia in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Preeclampsia is of major complications of pregnancy that is associated with maternal morbidity and mortality. Therefore, prediction and early diagnosis of preeclampsia would be helpful for better controlling of related complications. Our study aimed to investigate risk factors helping to predict and early diagnose ...

  9. Prognostic Factors in the Outcome of Invasive Fungal Sinusitis in a Pediatric Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Katherine K; Barham, Henry P; Allen, Gregory C; Chan, Kenny H

    2016-04-01

    Pediatric invasive fungal sinusitis (IFS) is rare, and its prognosticators are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine important factors affecting outcome. A 10-year retrospective review at a tertiary academic children's hospital was performed using an International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision, and a procedure-based search after institutional review board approval. All relevant demographic and clinical information was collected. Fourteen immune-compromised patients (male:female = 7:7, mean age = 10 years, range 2-16 years) were identified who had hematologic malignancies (11), diabetes mellitus (2) and unknown predisposing factors (1). Fungal species included Aspergillus (5), Mucor (5), Alternaria (2), Rhizopus (1) and Scopulariopsis (1). The cohort underwent an average of 6.1 (median = 5) endoscopic sinus surgeries and were treated with aggressive antifungal therapy. Four deaths occurred in the study population: 2 were attributable to IFS and 2 attributable to their underlying malignancies. There was a significant difference in the median absolute neutrophil count (ANC) at follow-up after treatment of IFS between the survival and the mortality subgroups, with ANC being 4290.5 and 169, respectively (P sinus surgeries in survival is indeterminate.

  10. Vitamin D confers protection to motoneurons and is a prognostic factor of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camu, William; Tremblier, Boris; Plassot, Carine; Alphandery, Sébastien; Salsac, Céline; Pageot, Nicolas; Juntas-Morales, Raul; Scamps, Frédérique; Daures, Jean-Pierre; Raoul, Cédric

    2014-05-01

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an incurable paralytic disorder primarily typified by the selective and progressive degeneration of motoneurons in the brain and spinal cord. ALS causes muscle wasting and atrophy, resulting eventually in respiratory failure and death within 3-5 years of diagnosis. Vitamin D is a potent secosteroid hormone with diverse biological functions that include protection against neuronal damage. The detrimental consequences of vitamin D dietary deficiency have been documented in other neurodegenerative diseases. However, the protective effect of vitamin D on motoneuron and the influence of its levels on disease course remains elusive. Here we found that the biologically active form of vitamin D significantly potentiated the effect of neurotrophic factors and prevented motoneurons from a Fas-induced death, while electrophysiological properties of motoneurons were not affected. In ALS patients, we report that a severe vitamin D deficiency accelerates by 4 times the rate of decline and were associated with a marked shorter life expectancy. Our findings support a neuroprotective function of vitamin D on motoneurons and propose vitamin D as a reliable prognostic factor of ALS. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Prognostic factors for prediction of follow-up outcome of contact granuloma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Young Ju; Lee, Sun Joo; Lee, Won Yong; Jeong, Woo-Jin; Ahn, Soon-Hyun

    2014-07-01

    Although the frequent spontaneous resolution of contact granuloma is reported, the prognostic factor that can predict the possibility of resolution is not clear. We retrospectively analyzed the hospital records and laryngoscopic photos of 52 patients who were diagnosed with contact granuloma between May 2003 and June 2012. The reflux finding score and the shape of the granuloma were analyzed based on the initial laryngoscopy images; additionally, age, gender, chief complaint, and the side afflicted were also analyzed. Of the 52 patients, 40 who were treated conservatively were analyzed. Their mean age was 57.6 years and the mean follow-up period was 28.6 weeks. There was male predominance (87.5%), and the left side was more commonly afflicted (60.0%). Factors significantly associated with resolution included width/height ratio (P = 0.012) and gender (P = 0.048), but not reflux finding score (P = 0.713) or etiology (P = 0.382). So with this data, resolution of contact granuloma is highly probable in cases where the granuloma has a narrow base and the gender is female.

  12. Prognostic Factors for Persistent Leg-Pain in Patients Hospitalized With Acute Sciatica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fjeld, Olaf; Grotle, Margreth; Siewers, Vibeke; Pedersen, Linda M; Nilsen, Kristian Bernhard; Zwart, John-Anker

    2017-03-01

    Prospective cohort study. To identify potential prognostic factors for persistent leg-pain at 12 months among patients hospitalized with acute severe sciatica. The long-term outcome for patients admitted to hospital with sciatica is generally unfavorable. Results concerning prognostic factors for persistent sciatica are limited and conflicting. A total of 210 patients acutely admitted to hospital for either surgical or nonsurgical treatment of sciatica were consecutively recruited and received a thorough clinical and radiographic examination in addition to responding to a comprehensive questionnaire. Follow-up assessments were done at 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months. Potential prognostic factors were measured at baseline and at 6 weeks. The impact of these factors on leg-pain was analyzed by multiple linear regression modeling. A total of 151 patients completed the entire study, 93 receiving nonrandomized surgical treatment. The final multivariate models showed that the following factors were significantly associated with leg-pain at 12 months: high psychosocial risk according to the Örebro Musculosceletal Pain Questionnaire (unstandardized beta coefficient 1.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.72-2.38, P sciatica. 2.

  13. Radiotherapy for carcinoma of the vagina. Immunocytochemical and cytofluorometric analysis of prognostic factors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blecharz, P. [Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Institute, Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Gynecological Oncology; Reinfuss, M.; Jakubowicz, J. [Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Institute, Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Rys, J. [Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Institute, Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Tumor Pathology Oncology; Skotnicki, P.; Wysocki, W. [Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Institute, Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Oncological Surgery

    2013-05-15

    Background and purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the potential prognostic factors in patients with primary invasive vaginal carcinoma (PIVC) treated with radical irradiation. Patients and methods: The analysis was performed on 77 patients with PIVC treated between 1985 and 2005 in the Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Institute of Oncology, Cancer Center in Krakow. A total of 36 patients (46.8 %) survived 5 years with no evidence of disease (NED). The following groups of factors were assessed for potential prognostic value: population-based (age), clinical (Karnofsky Performance Score [KPS], hemoglobin level, primary location of the vaginal lesion, macroscopic type, length of the involved vaginal wall, FIGO stage), microscopic (microscopic type, grade, mitotic index, presence of atypical mitoses, lymphatic vessels invasion, lymphocytes/plasmocytes infiltration, focal necrosis, VAIN-3), immunohistochemical (protein p53 expression, MIB-1 index), cytofluorometric (ploidity, index DI, S-phase fraction, proliferation index SG2M) factors. Results: Significantly better 5-year NED was observed in patients: < 60 years, KPS {<=} 80, FIGO stage I and II, grade G1-2, MIB-1 index < 70, S-phase fraction < 10, and proliferation index < 25. Independent factors for better prognosis in the multivariate Cox analysis were age < 60 years, FIGO stage I or II, and MIB-1 index < 70. Conclusion: Independent prognostic factors in the radically irradiated PIVC patients were as follows: age, FIGO stage, MIB-1 index. (orig.)

  14. Prognostic factors in patients with middle and distal bile duct cancers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Hyung Jun; Kim, Sang Geol; Chun, Jae Min; Lee, Won Kee; Hwang, Yoon Jin

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To identify the influence of the surgery type and prognostic factors in middle and distal bile duct cancers. METHODS: Between August 1990 and June 2011, data regarding the clinicopathological factors of 194 patients with surgical and pathological confirmation were collected. A total of 133 patients underwent resections (R0, R1, R2; n = 102, 24, 7), whereas 61 patients underwent nonresectional surgery. Either pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) or bile duct resection (BDR) was selected according to the sites of tumors and co-morbidities of the patients after confirming resection margin by the frozen histology in all cases. Univariate and multivariate analyses of clinicopathologic factors were performed, utilizing the Kaplan-Meyer method and Cox hazard regression analysis. RESULTS: The overall 5-year survival rate for the 133 patients who underwent resection (R0, R1, and R2) was 41.2%, whereas no patients survived longer than 3 years among the 61 patient who underwent nonresectional surgeries. The 5-year survival rate of the patients who underwent a PD (n = 90) was higher than the rate of those who underwent BDR (n = 43), although the difference was not statistically significant (46.6% vs 30.0% P = 0.105). However, PD had a higher rate of R0 resection than BDR (90.0% vs 48.8%, P metastasis (TNM) stage, and involvement of resection margin were significant prognostic factors in univariate analysis, multivariate analysis identified only TNM stage and LVI as independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: PD had a greater likelihood of curative resection and R1 resection might have some positive impact. The TNM stage and LVI were independent prognostic factors. PMID:24914391

  15. Early proximal tibial valgus osteotomy as a very important prognostic factor in Thai children with infantile tibia vara.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaewpornsawan, Kamolporn; Tangsataporn, Suksan; Jatunarapit, Ratiporn

    2005-10-01

    To find the effectiveness of the early surgery (2-3 years of age)as a very important prognostic factor affecting the outcomes in Thai children with infantile tibia vara and all the prognostic factors including the usefulness of arthrographic study in correcting the deformity. From 1994 to 2004, sixteen children aged average 3.61 years old (2.08-7.0) were treated in Siriraj Hospital and diagnosed as infantile tibia vara by Langenskiold radiographic staging were included in the present study and retrospectively reviewed with an average of 6.4 years follow up (range 6 month - 11.1 years). All cases were initially treated by surgery because of low compliance for brace or brace failure. They consisted of 3 boys and 13 girls. There were 24 legs including the bilateral involvement in 8 cases (2 boy and 6 girls). After arihrography, the midshaft fibular osteotomy was performed then the proximal tibial dome-shaped valgus osteotomy was done and fixed with 2 pins. The desired position was 12 degree knee valgus . The patients were divided in two groups, 1)group A,the successful group with the knee becoming normal without any deformity after single osteotomy, 2)group B,the recurrent group with recurrence of the varus deformity required further corrective osteotomies to make normal axis of the knee. All variables were analyzed and compared between group A and group B. The general characteristics and radiographic findings were recorded in 1)age, 2)sex, 3)side, 4)weight in kilogram and in percentage of normal or overweight(obesity) compared with the standard Thai weight chart, 5)tibiofemoral angle (TFA) pre and postoperative treatment, 6) metaphyseal diaphyseal angle (MDA), 7)the medial physeal slope angle (MPS, 8)The preoperative arthrographic articulo-diaphyseal angle (ADA), 9.arthrographic articulo-medial physeal angle (AMPA). There were 14 legs in group A and the remaining 10 legs were in group B (average 2.4 operations). All cases healed in good alignment of the legs without

  16. Severe head injury among children: prognostic factors and outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahloul, Mabrouk; Ben Hamida, Chokri; Chelly, Hedi; Chaari, Adel; Kallel, Hatem; Dammak, Hassen; Rekik, Noureddine; Bahloul, Kamel; Ben Mahfoudh, Kheireddine; Hachicha, Mongia; Bouaziz, Mounir

    2009-05-01

    To determine predictive factors of mortality among children after traumatic brain injury. A retrospective study over 8 years of 222 children with severe head injury (Glasgow Coma Scale score road traffic accident (75.7%). Mean Glasgow Coma Scale score was 6+/-1.5, mean Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 28.2+/-6.9, mean Paediatric Trauma Score (PTS) was 3.7+/-2.1 and mean Paediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM) was 14.3+/-8.5; 54 children (24.3%) died. Univariate analysis showed that low PTS on admission, high ISS or PRISM, presence of shock or meningeal haemorrhage or bilateral mydriasis, and serum glucose > 10 mmol l(-1) were associated with mortality rate. Multivariate analysis showed that factors associated with a poor prognosis were PRISM > 20 and bilateral mydriasis on admission. In Tunisia, head injury is a frequent cause of hospital admission and is most often due to road traffic accidents. Short-term prognosis is poor, with a high mortality rate (24.3%), and is influenced by demographic, clinical, radiological and biological factors.

  17. Integration of estrogen and progesterone receptors with pathological and molecular prognostic factors in breast cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gago, F E; Tello, O M; Diblasi, A M; Ciocca, D R

    1998-12-01

    In this study we have examined biopsies from women with localized primary breast cancer to investigate the prognostic performance of estrogen receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR) for estimating the metastatic probability of the patients, and to explore whether discrimination gets better by combining clinicopathological and other molecular parameters into a score. This prospective study involved 205 patients with a median follow-up of 5 y. Among the evaluated clinicopathological data were: patient's age; tumor size; axillary lymph node involvement; and tumor grade. The most representative tumor samples were derived to a single laboratory for immunohistochemical evaluation of the following molecular markers: ER, PR, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), p53 protein product, erbB-2 (HER-2/neu) oncoprotein, and P170 glycoprotein (mdrl gen product). Distant metastases (study endpoint) appeared in 19.5% (40/205) of the patients, most of these patients presented a mixture of poor, regular and good prognostic factors. Disease-free survival analysis procedures (Kaplan-Meier method) identified tumor size, axillary lymph node involvement, tumor grade, receptor status, PCNA, p53, erbB-2 and P170 as useful prognostic factors. Proportional hazard regression analysis (Cox) identified in order of importance erbB-2, tumor size, receptors status, tumor grade and PCNA as useful prognostic factors. To facilitate the evaluation of the prognostic factors, a practical and simple score system was derived. A high pathological score identified 65% of the patients that developed distant metastases, while a high molecular score was obtained in 57% of patients with metastatic disease. There was a significant improvement in the diagnosis of probability of being with distant metastases when the pathological score was combined with the molecular score, 82% of the patients with distant metastases showed an elevated combined score. Validation of this scoring system will need further

  18. Social experiential deprivation in autism spectrum disorders: A possible prognostic factor?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaku, Sowmyashree Mayur; Basheer, Salah; Venkatasubramanian, Ganesan; Bharath, Rose Dawn; Girimaji, Satish Chandra; Srinath, Shoba

    2017-04-01

    Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are well known to be influenced by various environmental factors. Among these influencers, social experiential deprivation (SED) in infancy is one of them which is not well reported. We explored factors contributing to SED in 11 young children diagnosed to have ASD and compared them to 24 children without SED also having ASD. Intervention mainly addressing factors causing SED for 6 months demonstrated that children with SED had a better outcome at follow up. Could SED be a possible prognostic factor in children with ASD? Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Prognostic value of insulin- like growth factor-I receptor expression in renal cell carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sichani Mehrdad

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Insulin-Like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR, a tyrosine-kinas receptor over expressed in many tumor cell lines and in some human tumors, plays a critical role in trans-formation, tumorigenicity and metastasis. The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of IGF-IR expression as a prognostic factor in RCC. This study was conducted in a historical cohort of 82 patients who had RCC treated with radical nephrectomy from 1994 to 2005. Specimens were reevaluated with regard to histological subtype, nuclear grade, stage and IGF-IR expression. The IGF-IR stain was semi- quantitatively evaluated using the Allred score system. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated a significant positive correlation between Fuhrman nuclear grade and IGF-IR Allred score (P< 0.0001. Survival in patients with score IGF-I ≤ 4 was 90.21 month and in patients with score IGF-1R> 4 was 33.39 month (P Value < 0.0001. Cox regression analysis in-dicated that expression of IGF-IR is a prognostic factor in patients with RCC (P Value < 0.0001, odds Ratio = 2.38. In conclusion, a statistically significant correlation was demonstrated between IGF-IR expression and Fuhrman nuclear grading and survival in patients with RCC. In stage-by-stage and grade-by-grade analysis; however, it seems that we cannot consider IGF-IR as an inde-pendent prognostic factor.

  20. Prognostic value of insulin- like growth factor-I receptor expression in renal cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sichani, Mehrdad Mohammadi; Yazdi, Fateme Sarreshtedar; Moghaddam, Noushin Afshar; Chehrei, Ali; Kabiri, Mahmud; Naeimi, Amin; Taheri, Diana

    2010-01-01

    The insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR), a tyrosine kinase receptor over expressed in many tumor cell lines and in some human tumors, plays a critical role in transformation, tumorigenicity and metastasis. The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of IGF-IR expression as a prognostic factor in RCC. This study was conducted in a historical cohort of 82 patients who had RCC treated with radical nephrectomy from 1994 to 2005. Specimens were reevaluated with regard to histological subtype, nuclear grade, stage and IGF-IR expression. The IGF-IR stain was semi-quantitatively evaluated using the Allred score system. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated a significant positive correlation between Fuhrman nuclear grade and IGF-IR Allred score (P 4 was 33.39 month (P Value < 0.0001). Cox regression analysis indicated that expression of IGF-IR is a prognostic factor in patients with RCC (P Value < 0.0001, odds Ratio = 2.38). In conclusion, a statistically significant correlation was demonstrated between IGF-IR expression and Fuhrman nuclear grading and survival in patients with RCC. In stage-by-stage and grade-by-grade analysis; however, it seems that we cannot consider IGF-IR as an independent prognostic factor.

  1. Prognostic Factors and Treatment of Early-stage Small-cell Lung Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Käsmann, Lukas; Bolm, Louisa; Janssen, Stefan; Rades, Dirk

    2017-03-01

    Only 0.1-0.17% of all lung cancer patients are diagnosed with stage I or II small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Radiochemotherapy remains the standard treatment for limited stage disease. This study focused on prognostic factors in early stage SCLC treated with radiochemotherapy. Seven factors in eight patients with early stage SCLC were analyzed concerning the impact on overall survival, namely gender, age, Karnofsky performance score, N-category, UICC-stage, concurrent chemotherapy and prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI). Median overall survival was 46 months. On univariate analysis, UICC stage I (48 vs. 24 months, p=0.022) and PCI (48 vs. 20 months, p=0.004) were significantly associated with improved overall survival. On multivariate analysis, PCI was an independent positive prognostic factor (pstage and PCI were identified as significant predictors of survival in early stage SCLC. PCI qualified as an independent positive prognostic factor and should be administered in early-stage SCLC. Copyright© 2017, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.

  2. Adult medulloblastoma: clinical characters, prognostic factors, outcomes and patterns of relapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Na; Ouyang, Taohui; Kang, Huicong; Long, Wang; Thomas, Benjamin; Zhu, Suiqiang

    2015-09-01

    To analyze the clinical characters, prognostic factors, patterns of relapse and treatment outcomes for medulloblastoma in adults. The clinical materials of 73 consecutive adult patients (age, ≥16 years) with medulloblastoma were analyzed retrospectively. Follow-up data were available in 62 patients, ranging from 10 to 142 months (median, 78.4 months). Outcome in survival was assessed by the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to determine the prognostic factors. Total or near-total tumor resection was achieved in 37 cases (59.7 %), subtotal in 19 cases (30.6 %), and partial resection in 6 cases (9.7 %).Twenty-two patients experienced recurrences, and 45 % percent of all recurrences occurred more than 4 years after initial surgery. The PFS rates at 5 and 8 years were 60.1 and 37.0 %, respectively. The OS rates at 5 and 8 years were 82.6 and 57.3 %, respectively. In univariate analysis, less tumor resection, non-desmoplastic pathology, and brainstem involvement were risk factors for worse PFS and OS (P medulloblastoma, late relapse is common and therefore long-term follow-up is important for evaluating the real impact of treatments. Risk category had prognostic value just for PFS, but not for OS. Complete resection and desmoplastic histology are independently predictive factors for favorable outcomes.

  3. Medulloblastoma in adulthood: prognostic factors influencing survival and recurrence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aragonés, M P; Magallón, R; Piqueras, C; Ley, L; Vaquero, J; Bravo, G

    1994-01-01

    Thirty adult patients presenting with medulloblastoma between 1974 and 1991 were studied and treated at Puerta de Hierro Clinic. After diagnosis, all patients were treated by surgery followed by radiotherapy and eight of them received adjuvant chemotherapy. We have studied the influence of some factors such as age, sex, location of tumour in the cerebellum, amount of surgical resection and histological variants on survival and recurrence of the disease. Only the histological type has a statistically significant influence on survival and recurrence: we have found that patients presenting classic medulloblastoma have a long survival and a long relapse-free interval.

  4. Clinicopathologic characteristics and prognostic factors of ovarian fibrosarcoma: the results of a multi-center retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liao Ling-Min

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ovarian fibrosarcomas are very rare tumors, and therefore, few case studies have evaluated the prognostic factors of this disease. To our knowledge, this study represents the largest study to evaluate the clinical and pathologic factors associated with ovarian fibrosarcoma patients. Methods Thirty-one cases of ovarian fibrosarcoma were retrospectively reviewed, which included medical records for eight patients, and 23 published case reports from 1995 through 2009. Patient treatment regimens included total hysterectomy with bilateral adnexectomy and an omentectomy (BAO (n = 9, oophorectomy (OR (n = 8, chemotherapy (CT (n = 1, BAO followed by chemotherapy (BAO+CT (n = 11, BAO followed by radiotherapy (BAO+RT (n = 1, and oophorectomy followed by radiotherapy (OR + RT (n = 1. Results The patients of this cohort were staged according to the guidelines of the Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO, with 15, 6, 9, and 1 stage I-IV cases identified, respectively. Mitotic count values were also evaluated from 10 high-power fields (HPFs, and 3 cases had an average mitotic count P = 0.007 and treatment (P = 0.008 were predictive of poor prognosis. Furthermore, patients with stage I tumors that received BAO+CT were associated with a better prognosis. Conclusions Mitotic activity, and cells positive for Ki-67 were identified as important factors in the diagnosis of ovarian fibrosarcoma. Furthermore, FIGO stage and treatment modalities have the potential to be prognostic factors of survival, with BAO followed by adjuvant chemotherapy associated with an improved treatment outcome.

  5. Prognostic factors in bronchial arterial embolization for hemoptysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Eui Jong; Yoon, Yup; Oh, Joo Hyeong; Lim, Joo Won; Sung, Dong Wook [Kyung Hee University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-07-15

    To find the rebleeding factors in bronchial arterial embolization for treatment of hemoptysis, a retrospective study was performed. Medical records, angiographic findings and embolic materials of 35 patients who had undertaken arterial embolization for control of hemoptysis were reviewed. The period of follow-up for rebleeding was from 3 to 32 months after arterial embolization. We investigated the angiographic findings of extravasation, neovascularity, intervascular shunt, aneurysm and periarterial diffusion. Neovascularity was classified as mild(numerable neovascularity) and severe(innumerable). Rebleeding occurred in 15(43%) among 35 cases. Only two of 11 cases with no past episode of hemoptysis showed recurrence, while 9 of 15 cases who had more than three episodes did. Severe neovascularity were seen in 11 of 15 recurred cases, but seven of 20 non- recurred cases showed severe neovascularity. More than three angiographic findings representing hemoptysis were seen on 11(73%) among recurred 15 cases and seven(35%) among non- recurred 20 cases. The lesion was supplied by more than two different arteries on 8(54%) of the recurred cases, but only three(15%) of the non- recurred cases. Six of seven cases persistent neovascularity after arterial embolization were recurred. The history of repeated hemoptysis, severe neovascularity, variable angiographic findings, and post-embolization persistency of neovascularity were the factors related with the rebleeding after arterial embolization for hemoptysis. Careful and active arterial embolization are required on these conditions.

  6. Prognostic factors in postraumatic severe diffuse brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prat, R; Calatayud-Maldonado, V

    1998-01-01

    It is usually defficult in clinical practice to establish factors affecting final outcome in patients suffering severe diffuse brain injury (SDBI), due to the absence of specific semiology. We studied retrospectively 160 consecutive patients with criteria of SDBI. We performed a statistical analysis of epidemiological, clinical and radiological factors, and relationship with final outcome. 35% of patients with severe head injury presented SDBI. Sixty percent were 15-35 year old and 73% male. More than 45% of the patients presented GCS 3 or 4. On CT performed during the first 24 h, haemorrhagic lesions appeared in white matter in 35% and subarachnoid haemorrhage was observed in 28%. During the first 24 h., 66% of patients presented values of intracranial pressure (ICP) above 20 mm Hg and a 33% below 20 mm Hg. Twenty percent of the patients had ICP > 20 mm and no response to treatment. According to the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), mortality of more than 50% and 25% of patients with persistent vegetative state or severe disability were observed. Clinical evaluation, early CT findings, ICP values and their response to medical treatment and clinical complications were found to be related (p < 0.05) to final outcome (GOS).

  7. Primitive retroperitoneal tumors. Vascular involvement--a major prognostic factor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazar, A M; Brătucu, E; Straja, N D; Daha, C; Marincaş, M; Cirimbei, C; Prunoiu, V

    2012-01-01

    Primitive retroperitoneal tumors, although very rare, arouse an increased interest, because of the poor prognosis, unsatisfactory surgical and complementary therapy results. Up to now, the very low number of cases has impeded the acquisition of a unitary view of these tumors, a unanimously accepted algorithm of diagnostic and treatment being absent. Randomized trials regarding the effects of different therapies have not been possible. The main factor that can fundamentally increase the survival of these patients is radical resection, some authors even recommending compartmental surgery. We found no significant statistical difference between the survival rates of the patients with different types of non-radical interventions, that shoud be therefore, as much as possible, avoided. Our study evidences that vascular involvement is the main limiting factor in achieving radicality. The involvement of large retroperitoneal vessels makes often impossible a radical intervention, usually because of the lack of an adequate material and human endowment for ample vascular resections followed by laborious reconstructions. That is why, in our study, vascular involvement was associated with a decreased survival rate for operated patients. Therefore, we underline the necessity both of a solid material base and of establishing multidisciplinary surgical teams for adequate vascular interventions in oncologic general surgery.

  8. Prognostic Factors and Outcome of Management of Ischemic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-05-18

    May 18, 2017 ... than 4 h either beyond sexual stimulation and orgasm or is unrelated to sexual activity.[1] The erection is typically purposeless and often painful. ... include neurological conditions such as stroke, spinal cord trauma, and some malignant conditions among others.[1,6]. Once the process starts, ischemic ...

  9. Can Metabolic Factors be used Prognostically for Short‑Term ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    along with it, newer complications are also being recognized. Over the last several years, clinicians have been observing perplexing changes in fat distribution and metabolism in. HIV patients, irrespective of ART. These changes include abnormal fat distribution, dyslipidemia, and abnormal glucose metabolism.[1,2] HIV is ...

  10. Hypoxic glucose metabolism in glioblastoma as a potential prognostic factor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toyonaga, Takuya; Hirata, Kenji; Kobayashi, Kentaro; Manabe, Osamu; Watanabe, Shiro; Hattori, Naoya; Shiga, Tohru; Tamaki, Nagara [Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido (Japan); Yamaguchi, Shigeru [Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido (Japan); Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Sapporo (Japan); Terasaka, Shunsuke; Kobayashi, Hiroyuki [Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Sapporo (Japan); Kuge, Yuji [Hokkaido University, Central Institute of Isotope Science, Sapporo (Japan); Tanaka, Shinya [Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Cancer Pathology, Sapporo (Japan); Ito, Yoichi M. [Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, Sapporo (Japan)

    2017-04-15

    Metabolic activity and hypoxia are both important factors characterizing tumor aggressiveness. Here, we used F-18 fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) and F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) to define metabolically active hypoxic volume, and investigate its clinical significance in relation to progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in glioblastoma patients. Glioblastoma patients (n = 32) underwent FMISO PET, FDG PET, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before surgical intervention. FDG and FMISO PET images were coregistered with gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted MR images. Volume of interest (VOI) of gross tumor volume (GTV) was manually created to enclose the entire gadolinium-positive areas. The FMISO tumor-to-normal region ratio (TNR) and FDG TNR were calculated in a voxel-by-voxel manner. For calculating TNR, standardized uptake value (SUV) was divided by averaged SUV of normal references. Contralateral frontal and parietal cortices were used as the reference region for FDG, whereas the cerebellar cortex was used as the reference region for FMISO. FDG-positive was defined as the FDG TNR ≥1.0, and FMISO-positive was defined as FMISO TNR ≥1.3. Hypoxia volume (HV) was defined as the volume of FMISO-positive and metabolic tumor volume in hypoxia (hMTV) was the volume of FMISO/FDG double-positive. The total lesion glycolysis in hypoxia (hTLG) was hMTV x FDG SUVmean. The extent of resection (EOR) involving cytoreduction surgery was volumetric change based on planimetry methods using MRI. These factors were tested for correlation with patient prognosis. All tumor lesions were FMISO-positive and FDG-positive. Univariate analysis indicated that hMTV, hTLG, and EOR were significantly correlated with PFS (p = 0.007, p = 0.04, and p = 0.01, respectively) and that hMTV, hTLG, and EOR were also significantly correlated with OS (p = 0.0028, p = 0.037, and p = 0.014, respectively). In contrast, none of FDG TNR, FMISO TNR, GTV, HV

  11. Prognostic factors for the evolution and reversibility of chronic rejection in pediatric liver transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Aoun Tannuri

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Chronic rejection remains a major cause of graft failure with indication for re-transplantation. The incidence of chronic rejection remains high in the pediatric population. Although several risk factors have been implicated in adults, the prognostic factors for the evolution and reversibility of chronic rejection in pediatric liver transplantation are not known. Hence, the current study aimed to determine the factors involved in the progression or reversibility of pediatric chronic rejection by evaluating a series of chronic rejection cases following liver transplantation. METHODS: Chronic rejection cases were identified by performing liver biopsies on patients based on clinical suspicion. Treatment included maintaining high levels of tacrolimus and the introduction of mofetil mycophenolate. The children were divided into 2 groups: those with favorable outcomes and those with adverse outcomes. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify potential risk factors in these groups. RESULTS: Among 537 children subjected to liver transplantation, chronic rejection occurred in 29 patients (5.4%. In 10 patients (10/29, 34.5%, remission of chronic rejection was achieved with immunosuppression (favorable outcomes group. In the remaining 19 patients (19/29, 65.5%, rejection could not be controlled (adverse outcomes group and resulted in re-transplantation (7 patients, 24.1% or death (12 patients, 41.4%. Statistical analysis showed that the presence of ductopenia was associated with worse outcomes (risk ratio=2.08, p=0.01. CONCLUSION: The presence of ductopenia is associated with poor prognosis in pediatric patients with chronic graft rejection.

  12. Procalcitonin as a Diagnostic and Prognostic Factor for Tuberculosis Meningitis

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Jinseung; Kim, Si Eun; Park, Bong Soo; Shin, Kyong Jin; Ha, Sam Yeol; Park, JinSe; Kim, Sung Eun; Park, Kang Min

    2016-01-01

    Background and Purpose We investigated the potential role of serum procalcitonin in differentiating tuberculosis meningitis from bacterial and viral meningitis, and in predicting the prognosis of tuberculosis meningitis. Methods This was a retrospective study of 26 patients with tuberculosis meningitis. In addition, 70 patients with bacterial meningitis and 49 patients with viral meningitis were included as the disease control groups for comparison. The serum procalcitonin level was measured ...

  13. Phyllodes tumors of the breast: diagnosis, treatment and prognostic factors related to recurrence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zhi-Rui; Wang, Chen-Chen; Yang, Zhao-Zhi

    2016-01-01

    Phyllodes tumors of the breast are rare tumor types that consist of 0.3–1.0% in all breast tumors. The naming and classification of breast phyllodes tumor have been debated for years. Based on the classification criteria modified by WHO in 2003, this review mainly introduced the clinicopathologic characteristics, pre-operational diagnosis and the treatment of breast phyllodes tumors, and also summarized the prognostic factors related to tumor recurrence. PMID:28066617

  14. Ovarian metastases resection from extragenital primary sites: outcome and prognostic factor analysis of 147 patients

    OpenAIRE

    Li Wenhua; Wang Huaying; Wang Jian; Lv, Fangfang; Zhu Xiaodong; Wang Zhonghua

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background To explore the outcomes and prognostic factors of ovarian metastasectomy intervention on overall survival from extragenital primary cancer. Methods Patients with ovarian metastases from extragenital primary cancer confirmed by laparotomy surgery and ovarian metastases resection were retrospectively collected in a single institution during an 8-year period. A total of 147 cases were identified and primary tumor sites were colorectal region (49.0%), gastric (40.8%), breast (...

  15. Change in quality of life after rehabilitation: prognostic factors for visually impaired adults.

    OpenAIRE

    Langelaan, M.; de Boer, M.R.; Nispen, R.M.A. van; Wouters, B.; Moll, A C; Rens, G.H.M.B. van

    2009-01-01

    The overall aim of rehabilitation for visually impaired adults is to improve the quality of life and (societal) participation. The objectives of this study were to obtain the short-term and long-term outcome of a comprehensive rehabilitation programme on quality of life for visually impaired adults, and prognostic baseline factors responsible for differences in outcome between certain groups of patients. The questionnaire was administered to 129 visually impaired adults (mean age 42.1 years)....

  16. [GST genes expression as prognostic factor in papillary thyroid cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Antonio Jose; Monte, Osmar; Morari, Eliane Cristina; Ward, Laura Sterian; Nakasako, Diana Shimoda; Nieto, Juliana; Nakai, Marianne Yumi

    2009-01-01

    Analyze the relationship between the AMES classification and molecular factors from Glutation-S-Transferase System, specifically the GSTT1 and GSTM1 in patients with well differentiated thyroid cancer. Samples of thyroid tissue of 66 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma were obtained (53 women and 13 men). Patients were divided in two groups (high and low risk) according to the AMES classification. In each group, presence of the null genotype of both GST enzymes system was studied. These results were compared with the AMES classification. Samples were obtained in the operating room immediately after thyroidectomy, placed in cryotubes, immersed in liquid nitrogen and stored in a freezer at -80 masculineC. DNA of this enzymes was extracted by the fenol-cloroformium method. There were 17 high risk patients and 49 low risk patients. The null genotype of the high risk group was 5.8% and in the other group was 6.1%. There was no relationship between absence of genes GSTT1 and GSTM1 and prognosis of the papillary thyroid carcinoma when compared to the AMES classifications.

  17. POST-STROKE COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT – PHENOMENOLOGY AND PROGNOSTIC FACTORS

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    Maya Danovska

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Stroke patients are at higher risk of developing cognitive impairment. Cognitive dysfunctions, especially progressive ones, worsen stroke prognosis and outcome. A longitudinal follow-up of cognitive disorders, however, is rendered difficult by their heterogeneity and the lack of definitions generally agreed upon. Stroke is a major cause of cognitive deficit. The identification of risk factors, clinical determinants and laboratory markers of post-stroke cognitive deficit may help detect patients at increased risk of cognitive deterioration, and prevent or delay the occurrence of post-stroke cognitive impairments. Though inflammatory processes have been implicated in the pathogenesis of stroke, their role in the complex pathophysiological mechanisms of post-stroke cognitive impairment is not completely understood. Evidence suggests that elevated serum C-reactive protein is associated with both the increased risk of stroke and post-stroke cognitive deficit. The hypothesis of a possible relationship between markers of systemic inflammation and cognitive dysfunctions raises the question of how rational the option of applying non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in a proper therapeutic window will be, especially during the acute phase of stroke, to prevent cognitive decline and dementia.

  18. Prognostic Factors of Peritoneal Metastases from Colorectal Cancer following Cytoreductive Surgery and Perioperative Chemotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yutaka Yonemura

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Prolonged survival of patients affected by peritoneal metastasis (PM of colorectal origin treated with complete cytoreduction followed by intraoperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC has been reported. However, two-thirds of the patients after complete cytoreduction and perioperative chemotherapy (POC develop recurrence. This study is to analyze the prognostic factors of PM from colorectal cancer following the treatment with cytoreductive surgery (CRS + POC. Patients and Methods. During the last 8 years, 142 patients with PM of colorectal origin have been treated with CRS and perioperative chemotherapy. The surgical resections consisted of a combination of peritonectomy procedures. Results. Complete cytoreduction (CCR-0 was achieved at a higher rate in patients with peritoneal cancer index (PCI score less than 10 (94.7%, 71/75 than those of PCI score above 11 (40.2%, 37/67. Regarding the PCI of small bowel (SB-PCI, 89 of 94 (91.5% patients with ≤2 and 22 of 48 (45.8% patients with SB-PCI ≥ 3 received CCR-0 resection (P<0.001. Postoperative Grade 3 and Grade 4 complications occurred in 11 (7.7% and 14 (9.9%. The overall operative mortality rate was 0.7% (1/142. Cox hazard model showed that CCR-0, SB-PCI ≤ 2, differentiated carcinoma, and PCI ≤ 10 were the independent favorite prognostic factors. Conclusions. Complete cytoreduction, PCI, SB-PCI threshold, and histologic type were the independent prognostic factors.

  19. Congenital aniridia: long-term clinical course, visual outcome, and prognostic factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ji Woong; Kim, Jeong Hun; Kim, Seong-Joon; Yu, Young Suk

    2014-12-01

    To describe the clinical course of congenital aniridia and to evaluate prognostic factors for visual outcome after long-term follow-up. The medical records of 120 eyes from 60 patients with congenital aniridia were retrospectively reviewed. The prevalence and clinical course of ophthalmic characteristics, systemic disease, refractive errors, and visual acuity were assessed. Prognostic factors for final visual outcomes were analyzed. Aniridic keratopathy developed in 82 (69%) of 119 eyes. Macular hypoplasia was observed in 70 eyes of 35 patients (91%). Cataract was observed in 63 of 120 eyes (53%). Nystagmus was present in 41 patients (68% of 60 patients) at the initial visit but decreased in five patients (8% of 60 patients). Ocular hypertension was detected in 19 eyes (20% of 93 eyes), six (32% of 19 eyes) of which developed secondarily after cataract surgery. The mean changes in spherical equivalent and astigmatism during the follow-up period were -1.10 and 1.53 diopter, respectively. The mean final visual acuity was 1.028 logarithm of minimal angle of resolution. Nystagmus and ocular hypertension were identified as prognostic factors for poor visual outcome. Identification of nystagmus and ocular hypertension was important to predict final visual outcome. Based on the high rate of secondary ocular hypertension after cataract surgery, careful management is needed.

  20. [Immunohistochemical expression of epidermal growth factor and its prognostic value for gastrointestinal stromal tumors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padilla, D; Menéndez, P; García, M; Villarejo, P; Cubo, T; Gambí, D; Pardo, R; Martín, J

    2008-12-01

    The epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFR (HER-1), is a tyrosine kinase receptor. EGFR activation plays an important role in increased cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and decreased apoptosis. Our objective was to study EGFR immuno-expression in GIST, as well as its prognostic value. A retrospective study that included all patients operated on with a histologic diagnosis of GIST at Department of Surgery, Hospital General, Ciudad Real, between 1995 and 2007. age, sex, manifestations, mortality, recurrence. Pathological features: origin, size, tumoral necrosis, mitotic index, cell type. Immunohistochemical features: vimentin, (V9, Dako A/s); smooth muscle actin (HHF-35, Biogenex); CD34 (QBEND/10); S100 (Policlonal Dako A/S), CD117, (c-kit Rabbit, antihuman polyclonal antibody, 1:600); PDGFR-alfa (Rabbit polyclonal antibody, 1:50, Sta. Cruz Biotechnology). Prognostic molecular features: P-53, PAb240 (DakoCytomation) 1:75; Ki-67, clona MIBI (Dako, Denmark). Malignancy criteria: Fletcher's criteria. From 1995 to 2007, 35 GISTs were resected in our Department. Mean age: 61.11 +/- 11.02, with a female predominance of 62.9%. Initial clinical manifestation included digestive hemorrhage in 40%. Median follow-up was 28 months (3-133). Mortality was 54.3%, and recurrence rate was 40%. The most frequent origin was the stomach, 51.4%, (18). There was tumor necrosis in 57.1% (20). There were spindle-like cells in 57.1%, and epithelioid cells in 14.3%. Mean size was 9.58 +/- 6.29. Mitotic index per 50 high-power fields was 13.44 +/- 16.08; 51.45% (18) were high-risk tumors. Immunohistochemical expression: CD117+, 85.7%. PDGFRA+, 85.7%. CD34+, 77.1%. EGFR+, 62.9%. S100+, 34.3%. Actin+, 20%. Vimentin+, 100%. p53+, 40%. ki67+, 10.71 +/- 10.82. There was no correlation between EGFR expression and recurrence and/ or mortality, p = 0.156 and p = 0.332, respectively. Mitosis index related to mortality, p = 0.02, and recurrence, p = 0.013. In our study there was no relation between EGFR

  1. Symptomatic spinal metastasis: A systematic literature review of the preoperative prognostic factors for survival, neurological, functional and quality of life in surgically treated patients and methodological recommendations for prognostic studies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anick Nater

    Full Text Available While several clinical prediction rules (CPRs of survival exist for patients with symptomatic spinal metastasis (SSM, these have variable prognostic ability and there is no recognized CPR for health related quality of life (HRQoL. We undertook a critical appraisal of the literature to identify key preoperative prognostic factors of clinical outcomes in patients with SSM who were treated surgically. The results of this study could be used to modify existing or develop new CPRs.Seven electronic databases were searched (1990-2015, without language restriction, to identify studies that performed multivariate analysis of preoperative predictors of survival, neurological, functional and HRQoL outcomes in surgical patients with SSM. Individual studies were assessed for class of evidence. The strength of the overall body of evidence was evaluated using GRADE for each predictor.Among 4,818 unique citations, 17 were included; all were in English, rated Class III and focused on survival, revealing a total of 46 predictors. The strength of the overall body of evidence was very low for 39 and low for 7 predictors. Due to considerable heterogeneity in patient samples and prognostic factors investigated as well as several methodological issues, our results had a moderately high risk of bias and were difficult to interpret.The quality of evidence for predictors of survival was, at best, low. We failed to identify studies that evaluated preoperative prognostic factors for neurological, functional, or HRQoL outcomes in surgical patients with SSM. We formulated methodological recommendations for prognostic studies to promote acquiring high-quality evidence to better estimate predictor effect sizes to improve patient education, surgical decision-making and development of CPRs.

  2. Hypoxia inducible factor: a potential prognostic biomarker in oral squamous cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Jiang; Wenguang, Xu; Zhiyong, Wang; Yuntao, Zou; Wei, Han

    2016-08-01

    Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common oral cancer. Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) is involved in many malignant tumors' growth and metastasis and upregulated by hypoxia, including oral cancer. Many studies have studied about the prognostic value of HIF expression in OSCC; however, they do not get the consistent results. Therefore, this study explored the correlation between the HIF expression and the prognosis of OSCC. It conducted a meta-analysis of relevant publications searched in the Web of Science, PubMed, and ISI Web of Knowledge databases. Totally, this study identified 12 relevant articles reporting a total of 1112 patients. This analysis revealed a significant association between increased risk of mortality (RR = 1.20; 95 % CI 0.74-1.95; I (2) 85.4 %) and overexpression of HIFs. Furthermore, different HIF isoforms were associated with overall survival [HIF-1α (RR = 1.18; 95 % CI 0.66-2.11; I (2) 87.2 %) and HIF-2α (RR = 1.40; 95 % CI 0.93-2.09; I(2) 0.0 %)]. These results show that overexpression of HIFs, regardless of whether the HIF-1α or HIF-2α isoforms are overexpressed is significantly associated with increased risk of mortality in OSCC patients. In this study, the funnel is symmetric, suggesting existed no publication bias.

  3. Osteoprotegerin as a marker of atherosclerosis and a prognostic factor in stroke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcin Majerczyk

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Stroke is one of the most common causes of disability and lack of independence in activities of daily living in adults.One of the most important factors predisposing to stroke, besides hypertension and atrial fibrillation, is carotid atherosclerosis. Rupture of unstable plaque with formation of a platelet plug is the cause of about 20-25% of ischemic strokes. Osteoprotegerin (OPG is an important regulator of bone remodeling under physiological and disease conditions, as well as the regulator of osteoclast differentiation. Elevated plasma OPG level is associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke and heart diseases, including atrial fibrillation, and is observed in patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis and atherosclerotic vulnerable plaques. Furthermore, the occurrence of certain genotypes of OPG is 10 times more common in people with unstable atherosclerotic plaque, making them an independent risk predictor of plaque instability. This article summarizes the current state of knowledge on the potential role of OPG as a biomarker and prognostic indicator of stroke.

  4. [Prognostic morbidity and mortality factors in hospital enteral nutrition: prospective study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Pérez, O; Meoro Avilés, A; Martínez, A; Boix, E; Aznar, S; Martín, Ma D; Picó, A M

    2005-01-01

    To determine the prognostic factors that may best for see the outcome of an enteral nutritional intervention and to assess the assistance quality of a nutrition unit. Patients that required enteral nutrition during hospital admission at a third level center. Observational prospective study in which 160 patients were included by means of consecutive sampling, for a 6-months follow-up period. Underlying pathology, disability degree, nutritional assessment, type of enteral nutrition, complications, nursing care, and clinical course of patients were determined. severe caloric and protein hyponutrition was diagnosed in 48.4 and 52.9% of patients; stress degree was moderate in 52.2% and severe in 36.5%. In 88.2% of patients variation of protein parameters was unchanged or improved, with a 0.26 g/dL increase in albumin levels and 2.4 m/dL in prealbumin (p enteral nutritional intervention in the hospitalized patient (p enteral nutritional support at the hospital setting, to advance in patients care and promote the development of nutritional therapy.

  5. Prognostic factors in primary adenocarcinoma of the small intestine: 13-year single institution experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacobs Michael J

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Adenocarcinoma of the small bowel is a relatively rare malignancy as compared to the other malignancies of the gastrointestinal tract. Nonspecific presentation and infrequent occurrence often leads to a delay in diagnosis and consequent poor prognosis. Various other factors are of prognostic importance while managing these tumors. Methods The medical records of a total of 27 patients treated for adenocarcinoma of the small bowel at Providence Hospital and Medical Centers from year 1990 through 2003 were reviewed retrospectively. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 10.0; SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL. Survival analyses were calculated using the Kaplan Meier method with the log rank test to assess the statistical significance. The socio-demographics (age, gender were calculated using frequency analyses. Results The patients included nine males and eighteen females with a median age at diagnosis of 62 years. Only 48% of the patients had an accurate preoperative diagnosis while another 33% had a diagnosis suspicious of small bowel malignancy. None of the patients presented in stage 1. The cumulative five-year survival was 30% while the median survival was 3.3 years. There was no 30-day mortality in the postoperative period in our series. Conclusion The univariate analysis demonstrated that tumor grade, stage at presentation, lymph nodal metastasis and resection margins were significant predictors of survival.

  6. Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index as a prognostic factor in peritoneal dialysis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Seok Hui; Cho, Kyu Hyang; Park, Jong Won; Yoon, Kyung Woo; Do, Jun Young

    2013-01-01

    The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) might be a useful screening tool for malnutrition in dialysis patients. However, data concerning the GNRI as a prognostic factor in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are scarce. We reviewed the medical records at Yeungnam University Hospital in Korea to identify all adults (>18 years) who received PD; 486 patients were enrolled in the study. The initial low, middle, and high GNRI tertiles included 162, 166, and 158 patients respectively. Significant correlations were noted between the initial GNRI and body mass index, creatinine, albumin, arm circumference, fat mass index, and comorbidities. The cut-off value for the time-averaged GNRI over 1 year was 96.4, and the sensitivity and specificity for a diagnosis of a decline in lean mass were 77.1% and 40.0% respectively. A multivariate analysis adjusted for age, risk according to the Davies comorbidity index, and C-reactive protein showed that an low initial GNRI tertile was associated with mortality in PD patients. The GNRI is a simple method for predicting nutrition status and clinical outcome in PD patients.

  7. Clinicopathologic features and prognostic factors of malignant eyelid tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang-Jun Wang

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with malignant eyelid tumors.METHODS: This was a retrospective, non-randomized, clinical reviews. Between January, 2002 and December, 2011, 75 cases with histologically confirmed malignant eyelid tumors were evaluated. Patients’ charts were reviewed for clinical information, treatment procedure, and disease course. Survival analysis in terms of recurrence-free survival was performed using age, sex, location of tumor and histopathological type. The follow-up ranged from 1 to 78 months (mean=21 months.RESULTS: The 75 eyelid tumors included 35 basal cell carcinoma (BCC, 46.7%, 22 sebaceous gland carcinoma (SGC, 29.3%, 7 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC, 9.3%, 10 malignant melanoma (MM, 13.3%, and 1 Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC, 1.3%. Recurrence developed in 17 cases (22.7%. The recurrence rate of BCC (4/35, 11.4% was significant lower than MM (6/10, 60.0%, PPCONCLUSION: It is important to achieve a negative tumor margin in canthus located malignant eyelid tumor. Clinicians should have a high level of suspicion for recurrence according to histological type when treating patients with eyelid tumor.

  8. Whole pelvis radiotherapy for pathological node-positive prostate cancer : Oncological outcome and prognostic factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poelaert, Filip; Fonteyne, Valérie; Ost, Piet; De Troyer, Bart; Decaestecker, Karel; De Meerleer, Gert; De Visschere, Pieter; Claeys, Tom; Dhondt, Bert; Lumen, Nicolaas

    2017-06-01

    The goal of this work was to investigate the oncological outcome of whole pelvis radiotherapy (wpRT) in pathologic pelvic lymph node-positive (pN1) prostate cancer (PCa), evaluate the location of relapse, and identify potential prognostic factors. All patients undergoing pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) since the year 2000 at a single tertiary care center were evaluated. A total of 154 patients with pN1 PCa were treated with wpRT (39 in an adjuvant setting) and 2-3 years of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to estimate biochemical recurrence-free survival (bRFS), clinical progression-free survival (cPFS), and prostate cancer-specific survival (CSS). Uni- and multivariate regression analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors. Estimated bRFS was 67%, cPFS was 71%, and CSS was 96% at 5 years. Median follow-up was 55 months (interquartile range 25-87). Multivariate analysis identified having only 1 positive lymph node, a shorter time between diagnosis and PLND, and older age as independent favorable prognostic factors for biochemical and clinical recurrence. The number of positive lymph nodes was prognostic for CSS (hazard ratio [HR] 1.34, 95% confidence interval 1.17-1.54) and OS (HR 1.22, 95% confidence interval 1.10-1.36). Bone metastases were the most frequent location of PCa relapse (n = 32, 64%). Patients with pN1 PCa treated with wpRT and 2-3 years ADT have an encouraging 5‑year CSS. Understaging of the disease extent may be the most important enemy in definitive pN1 PCa treatment.

  9. High level of serum AFP is an independent negative prognostic factor in gastric cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yueguang; Qu, Hui; Jian, Mi; Sun, Guorui; He, Qingsi

    2015-11-11

    Gastric cancer with a high level of serum alpha fetoprotein (AFP) is uncommon and has unique clinicopathological features and a poorer prognosis. The aim of this research was to elucidate the clinicopathological and prognostic features of gastric cancer with a high level of AFP. The sera from 1,286 patients with gastric cancer treated at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2004 to December 2008 were analyzed preoperatively for AFP, CEA and CA19-9 levels after excluding active or chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma as well as preoperative distant metastasis. Patients were divided into 2 groups: 86 serum AFP-positive patients and 1,200 serum AFP-negative patients according to a cutoff of 20 ng/mL. The clinicopathological features and prognostic factors were compared between the groups. A higher incidence of serosal invasion, lymph node metastasis and liver metastasis and poorer prognosis was observed in the AFP-positive group compared with the AFP-negative group (all p<0.05). Serum AFP showed the highest specificity (93.66%) and diagnostic accuracy (92.38%) for predicting liver metastasis among the 3 tumor markers examined. Multivariate survival analysis revealed that AFP positivity was an independent prognostic factor in all 1,286 gastric cancer patients. The prognosis of AFP-positive gastric cancer was poorer than that of AFP-negative gastric cancer (p<0.05). A high level of serum AFP is an independent prognostic factor in gastric cancer and can be used for evaluating the prognosis of gastric cancers whether in the presence or absence of liver metastasis.

  10. Renal carcinoma with brain metastases. Prognostic factors and treatment outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Golanov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Surgical excision followed by whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT is a traditional treatment option for solitary brain metastases (SBM of renal carcinoma. In the presence of multiple brain metastases of renal carcinoma WBRT remains to be the most common treatment option in this group of patients. However, the effectiveness of WBRT is insufficient due to radioresistance of renal carcinoma. After introduction of the standards in the radiosurgical practice, treatment options of renal carcinoma have been changed, since radiosurgery may overcome WBRT limitations in the treatment of brain metastases of radioresistant tumorsObjective: to study the effectiveness of stereotactic radiosurgery by using “Gamma Knife” device in the treatment of brain metastases of renal carcinoma.Materials and methods. We have analyzed results of the treatment of 112 patients with brain metastases of renal carcinoma who underwent radiosurgical treatment in Moscow Center “Gamma Knife”. Age median of the patients was 58 (33 –77 years. Total number of irradiated metastatic foci – 444, an average number of brain metastases in 1 patient was 4 (1–30. Twenty eight (25.0 % patients had a single brain metastasis. A median of cumulative volume of brain metastases for each patient was 5.9 (0.1–29.1 cm3. An average value of the marginal dose for metastatic lesion was 22 (12–26 Gy, mean value of isodose used for treatment planning was 64 (39-99 %.Results. An overall survival (OS rate after radiosurgical treatment was 37.7; 16.4 and 9.3 % for 12, 24 and 36 months, respectively. A median OS was 9.1 months (95% confidence interval (CI 7.1–11.8. New brain metastases (distant recurrences following radiosurgical treatment occurred in 44 (54.3 % patients, with a median of 10.1 months (95 % CI:7-18. Local recurrences after radiosurgical treatment were detected in 19 (17 % patients with a median time of 6.6 months (95 % CI 4.0–9.6. Factors associated with the best

  11. Clinicopathologic characteristics and prognostic factors of ovarian fibrosarcoma: the results of a multi-center retrospective study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Background Ovarian fibrosarcomas are very rare tumors, and therefore, few case studies have evaluated the prognostic factors of this disease. To our knowledge, this study represents the largest study to evaluate the clinical and pathologic factors associated with ovarian fibrosarcoma patients. Methods Thirty-one cases of ovarian fibrosarcoma were retrospectively reviewed, which included medical records for eight patients, and 23 published case reports from 1995 through 2009. Patient treatment regimens included total hysterectomy with bilateral adnexectomy and an omentectomy (BAO) (n = 9), oophorectomy (OR) (n = 8), chemotherapy (CT) (n = 1), BAO followed by chemotherapy (BAO+CT) (n = 11), BAO followed by radiotherapy (BAO+RT) (n = 1), and oophorectomy followed by radiotherapy (OR + RT) (n = 1). Results The patients of this cohort were staged according to the guidelines of the Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO), with 15, 6, 9, and 1 stage I-IV cases identified, respectively. Mitotic count values were also evaluated from 10 high-power fields (HPFs), and 3 cases had an average mitotic count fibrosarcoma. Furthermore, FIGO stage and treatment modalities have the potential to be prognostic factors of survival, with BAO followed by adjuvant chemotherapy associated with an improved treatment outcome. PMID:20979607

  12. Recurrence and prognostic factors in borderline ovarian tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayhan, Ali; Guvendag Guven, Emine Seda; Guven, Suleyman; Kucukali, Turkan

    2005-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the survival estimates and clinico-pathological variables in patients treated for borderline ovarian tumors. The patients treated for borderline ovarian tumors were evaluated retrospectively. Data were obtained from hospital records and special gynecologic oncology forms. Overall, 100 patients were evaluated. The mean age at the time of diagnosis was 41.7 (range, 19-84). Seventy one (71%) patients underwent surgical staging including 49 (49%) of them with comprehensive surgical staging, 22 (22%) with fertility-sparing surgery. Only 30 (30%) patients were unstaged. The histopathological diagnosis was serous, mucinous, and the other types of borderline ovarian tumor in 54 (54%), 39 (39%), and 7 (7%) of the patients, respectively. Seventy patients had stage IA (70%), 10 had stage IB (10%), 9 had stage IC (9%), 3 had stage IIIA (3%), and 8 had stage IIIC (8%) disease. The stage of only four patients in which disease confined to ovary was upgraded as stage IIIC following surgical staging procedure. The recurrence rate was found 3% (3). The overall disease-free survival rates of BOT in surgically staged (comprehensive, fertility-sparing surgery) and unstaged patients were 97.92%, 95.00%, and 96.30%, respectively. But, the overall tumor-free survival was significantly found to be decreased in cases of young age (BOT in surgically staged (comprehensive, fertility-sparing surgery) and unstaged patients were 97.9%, and 100% and 100%, respectively. Low malignant potential ovarian tumors have excellent survival, and the patients can be treated safely by conservative surgery.

  13. Prognostic value of transforming growth factor-beta in patients with colorectal cancer who undergo surgery: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xin-Lin; Chen, Zhuo-Qun; Zhu, Shui-Lian; Liu, Tian-Wen; Wen, Yi; Su, Yi-Sheng; Xi, Xu-Jie; Hu, Yue; Lian, Lei; Liu, Feng-Bin

    2017-04-04

    Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) is associated with a higher incidence of distant metastasis and decreased survival. Whether TGF-β can be used as a prognostic indicator of colorectal cancer (CRC) remains controversial. The Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched from their inception to March 2016. The studies that focused on TGF-β as a prognostic factor in patients with CRC were included in this analysis. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were analysed separately. A meta-analysis was performed, and hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Twelve studies were included in the analysis, of which 8 were used for OS and 7 for DFS. In all, 1622 patients with CRC undergoing surgery were included. Combined HRs suggested that high expression of TGF-β had a favourable impact on OS (HR = 1.68, 95% CI: 1.10-2.59) and DFS (HR = 1.11, 95% CI: 1.03-1.19) in CRC patients. For OS, the combined HRs of Asian studies and Western studies were 1.50 (95% CI: 0.61-3.68) and 1.80 (95% CI: 1.33-2.45), respectively. For DFS, the combined HRs of Asian studies and Western studies were 1.42 (95% CI: 0.61-3.31) and 1.11 (95% CI: 1.03-1.20), respectively. This meta-analysis demonstrates that TGF-β can be used as a prognostic biomarker for CRC patients undergoing surgery, especially for CRC patients from Western countries.

  14. Prognostic factors for outcomes after whole-brain irradiation of brain metastases from relatively radioresistant tumors: a retrospective analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meyners, Thekla; Heisterkamp, Christine; Kueter, Jan-Dirk; Veninga, Theo; Stalpers, Lukas J. A.; Schild, Steven E.; Rades, Dirk

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated potential prognostic factors in patients treated with whole-brain irradiation (WBI) alone for brain metastases from relatively radioresistant tumors such as malignant melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, and colorectal cancer. Additionally, a potential benefit from escalating the

  15. Prognostic factors for outcomes after whole-brain irradiation of brain metastases from relatively radioresistant tumors: a retrospective analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meyners, T.; Heisterkamp, C.; Kueter, J.D.; Veninga, T.; Stalpers, L.J.A.; Schild, S.E.; Rades, D.

    2010-01-01

    Background: This study investigated potential prognostic factors in patients treated with whole-brain irradiation (WBI) alone for brain metastases from relatively radioresistant tumors such as malignant melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, and colorectal cancer. Additionally, a potential benefit from

  16. Foot Drop Caused by Lumbar Degenerative Disease: Clinical Features, Prognostic Factors of Surgical Outcome and Clinical Stage: e80375

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kun Liu; Wei Zhu; Jiangang Shi; Lianshun Jia; Guodong Shi; Yuan Wang; Ning Liu

    2013-01-01

      Objective The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical features and prognostic factors of surgical outcome of foot drop caused by lumbar degenerative disease and put forward the clinical stage...

  17. mRNA overexpression of BAALC: A novel prognostic factor for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    AZIZI, ZAHRA; RAHGOZAR, SOHEILA; MOAFI, ALIREZA; DABAGHI, MOHAMMAD; NADIMI, MOTAHAREH

    2015-01-01

    BAALC is a novel molecular marker in leukemia that is highly expressed in patients with acute leukemia. Increased expression levels of BAALC are known as poor prognostic factors in adult acute myeloid and lymphoid leukemia. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of the BAALC gene expression levels in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and its association with MDR1. Using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), the mRNA expression levels of BAALC and MRD1 were measured in bone marrow samples of 28 new diagnosed childhood ALL patients and 13 children without cancer. Minimal residual disease (MRD) was measured one year after the initiation of the chemotherapy using the RT-qPCR method. The high level expression of BAALC had a significant association with the pre-B-ALL subtype, leukocytosis and positive MRD after one year of treatment in leukemic patients. In addition, a positive correlation between BAALC and MDR1 mRNA expression was shown in this group. In conclusion, to the best of our knowledge, the increase of BAALC expression as a poor prognostic factor for childhood ALL is shown for the first time. Additionally, the correlation between BAALC and MDR1 in mRNA expression levels can aid for an improved understanding of the mechanism through which BAALC may function in ALL and multidrug resistance. PMID:26137238

  18. Important prognostic factors for the long-term survival of lung cancer subjects in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ko Albert

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study used a large-scale cancer database in determination of prognostic factors for the survival of lung cancer subjects in Taiwan. Methods Total of 24,910 subjects diagnosed with lung cancer was analysed. Survival estimates by Kaplan-Meier methods. Cox proportional-hazards model estimated the death risk (hazard ratio (HR for various prognostic factors. Results The prognostic indicators associated with a higher risk of lung cancer deaths are male gender (males versus females; HR = 1.07, 95% confidence intervals (CI: 1.03–1.11, males diagnosed in later periods (shown in 1991–1994 versus 1987–1990; HR = 1.13, older age at diagnosis, large cell carcinoma (LCC/small cell carcinoma (SCC, and supportive care therapy over chemotherapy. The overall 5-year survival rate for lung cancer death was significantly poorer for males (21.3% than females (23.6%. Subjects with squamous cell carcinoma (SQCC and treatment by surgical resection alone had better prognosis. We find surgical resections to markedly increase 5-year survival rate from LCC, decreased risk of death from LCC, and no improved survival from SCC. Conclusion Gender and clinical characteristics (i.e. diagnostic period, diagnostic age, histological type and treatment modality play important roles in determining lung cancer survival.

  19. Prognostic role of epidermal growth factor receptor in nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wei; Long, Guoxian; Wang, Junfeng; Mei, Qi; Liu, Dongbo; Hu, Guoqing

    2014-10-01

    Various studies have assessed the prognostic value of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but their results remain controversial. Studies published up to January 2013 were collected. A total of 16 studies involving 1179 patients were reviewed. A meta-analysis was performed to clarify the prognostic role of EGFR in patients with NPC. The combined hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated using fixed-effects or random-effects models. EGFR overexpression had significantly poor effect on overall survival (OS; HR, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.25-2.77), disease-free survival (DFS; HR, 2.25; 95% CI, 1.66-3.04) and locoregional control (HR, 2.93; 95% CI, 1.71-5.02). However, the association between EGFR overexpression and distant metastasis-free survival was not statistically significant (HR, 1.39; 95% CI, 0.72-2.67). EGFR overexpression can be a prognostic factor for patients with NPC. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Prognostic factors in de novo myelodysplastic syndrome in young and middle-aged people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Наталья Николаевна Климкович

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We spent multivariate analysis of clinical and laboratory parameters for the prediction of de-novo myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS patients aged 18-60 years. The results of clinical application of prognostic systems in MDS show that there is a large variability within individual risk groups, especially at low-risk MDS. So now hematologists conduct research aimed at identifying additional adverse risk MDS. This is done so that patients with low-risk MDS embodiments and unfavorable prognosis could benefit from early therapeutic intervention, and not only be clinician monitored until disease progression. We found that additional adverse risk factors for the development of MDS are the expression of CD95 in bone marrow ≤40 % and FLT3≥60 %. The expression level of CD95 in bone marrow cells≤40 % and FLT3≥60 % can be considered as a prognostic marker progression of MDS and time start specific therapy

  1. Urokinase plasminogen activator receptor on invasive cancer cells: A prognostic factor in distal gastric adenocarcinoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alpizar, Warner Enrique Alpizar; Christensen, Ib Jarle; Santoni-Rugiu, Eric

    2012-01-01

    Gastric cancer is the second cancer causing death worldwide. The five-year survival for this malignancy is below 25% and few parameters have shown an impact on the prognosis of the disease. The receptor for urokinase plasminogen activator (uPAR) is involved in extracellular matrix degradation...... by mediating cell surface associated plasminogen activation, and its presence on gastric cancer cells is linked to micrometastasis and poor prognosis. Using immunohistochemistry, the prognostic significance of uPAR was evaluated in tissue samples from a retrospective series of 95 gastric cancer patients. u...... association between the expression of uPAR on tumor cells in the peripheral invasion zone and overall survival of gastric cancer patients (HR = 2.16; 95% CI: 1.13-4.14; p = 0.02). Multivariate analysis showed that uPAR immunoreactivity in cancer cells at the invasive front is an independent prognostic factor...

  2. Both GLUT-1 and GLUT-14 are Independent Prognostic Factors in Gastric Adenocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berlth, Felix; Mönig, Stefan; Pinther, Berit; Grimminger, Peter; Maus, Martin; Schlösser, Hans; Plum, Patrick; Warnecke-Eberz, Ute; Harismendy, Olivier; Drebber, Uta; Bollschweiler, Elfriede; Hölscher, Arnulf; Alakus, Hakan

    2015-12-01

    The role of glucose transporter 14 (GLUT-14/SLC2A14) in tumor biology is entirely unknown, and the significance of hypoxia inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1-α) for gastric adenocarcinoma is controversial. The impact of GLUT-1/SLC2A1 has never been confirmed in a Caucasian cohort. Between 1996 and 2007, 124 patients underwent gastrectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma. Tumor sections were incubated with GLUT-1, GLUT-14, and HIF1-α antibodies. Expression was analyzed for correlations with histopathology, marker coexpression, and patient survival by uni- and multivariate analyses. Expressions of GLUT-1, GLUT-14, and HIF1-α were detectable in 50, 77.4, and 27.1 %, respectively. Expression of GLUT-1 was associated with pT-category (p = 0.019), pN-category (p = 0.019), tubular (WHO, p = 0.008), and intestinal (Lauren classification; p = 0.002) histologic subtypes. Expression of GLUT-14 was correlated with pT category (p = 0.043), whereas HIF1-α did not show any correlation with histopathology or survival. The median survival period was 14 months (95 % confidence interval [CI] 9.2-18.8 months) for GLUT-1-positive patients and 55 months (95 % CI 25.8-84.2; p = 0.01) for GLUT-1-negative patients. An inferior prognosis also was seen for GLUT-14-positive cases compared with GLUT-14-negative cases (p = 0.004). Thus, worst survival was seen with both GLUT-1- and GLUT-14-positive expression followed by single-positive and then double-negative cases (p = 0.004). In multivariate analysis including International Union Against Cancer (UICC) stages, R category, Lauren classification, surgery alone versus neoadjuvant/perioperative chemotherapy, and marker expression as covariates, GLUT-1 (p = 0.011) and GLUT-14 (p = 0.025) kept their prognostic independence. The study findings suggest that detection of GLUT-1 and GLUT-14 is of high prognostic value. It gives additional information to UICC stages and identifies patients with inferior prognosis. If confirmed in prospective studies, these

  3. Prognostic factors for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the R(X)CHOP era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaidya, R.; Witzig, T. E.

    2014-01-01

    Background The introduction of rituximab (R) to conventional CHOP chemotherapy for newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) led to an unequivocal improvement in survival, establishing RCHOP as the standard of care. Still, nearly 40% of DLBCL patients will eventually die of relapsed disease. Efforts to improve outcomes by addition of new biologic agents (X) to the RCHOP backbone are underway. In this era of R(X)CHOP, it is imperative to develop prognostic and predictive markers, not only to identify patients who will suffer a particularly aggressive course, but also to accurately select patients for clinical trials from which they will most benefit. Design The following review was undertaken to describe prognostic factors in DLBCL, with emphasis on markers that are accurate, relatively available, and clinically applicable in 2014. Results The International Prognostic Index retains its validity in the era of RCHOP, although with limited ability to predict those with DLBCL and led to the development of immunohistochemistry (IHC) algorithms that are in routine practice. Identification of a ‘double-hit’ (DH) lymphoma by fluorescent in situ hybridization with aberrations involving MYC and/or BCL2 and BCL6 genes has important implications due to its extremely dismal prognosis with RCHOP. Other markers such as the absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), serum immunoglobulin free light chains, vitamin D levels, serum cytokines/chemokines, and imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) have all shown promise as future predictive/prognostic tests. Conclusions The future for new treatment options in DLBCL is promising with current clinical trials testing novel targeted agents such as bortezomib, lenalidomide, and ibrutinib as the ‘X’ in R(X)CHOP. Predictive factors are required to select and randomize patients appropriately for these trials. We envision the day when ‘X’ will be chosen based on the biological characteristics of the tumor. PMID:24625454

  4. Tumor burden as the most important prognostic factor in early stage Hodgkin's disease. Relations to other prognostic factors and implications for choice of treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, L; Nordentoft, A M; Cold, Søren

    1988-01-01

    Two hundred ninety patients with Hodgkin's disease pathologic stage (PS) I or II were treated in the prospective randomized trial of the Danish National Hodgkin Study (see Appendix) with radiotherapy +/- adjuvant combination chemotherapy. The initial tumor burden of each patient was assessed......, and age were carried out. With regard to disease-free survival tumor burden was by far the most important prognostic factor for patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy as well as for patients treated with radiotherapy alone. With regard to survival from Hodgkin's disease only tumor burden and age were...... independently significant. A combination of tumor burden, histologic subtype, and sex singled out patients with a high relapse rate both after radiotherapy only, and after radiotherapy plus chemotherapy. This combination also singled out patients destined to die from Hodgkin's disease more accurately than other...

  5. Hemoglobin as an independent prognostic factor in the radiotherapy of head and neck tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schaefer, U.; Micke, O.; Mueller, S.B.; Schueller, P.; Willich, N. [Dept. of Radiotherapy, Univ. Hospital Muenster (Germany)

    2003-08-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the prognostic value of baseline hemoglobin levels before radiotherapy in patients with head and neck tumors. Patients and Methods: In a retrospective study with a median follow-up of 43 months, we analyzed the results of 214 patients irradiated for head and neck cancer between January 1, 1990 and January 1, 1998 (180 men and 34 women; median age 58 years). The treatment concept consisted in adjuvant radiotherapy in 58 patients, 77 patients received definitive radiochemotherapy, 42 patients definitive radiotherapy, and 37 patients reirradiation for in-field recurrence. Baseline hemoglobin values were divided in four groups of the same patient number (quartiles). Several known prognostic factors like sex, tumor stage, histologic grading, performance status, and treatment scheme were analyzed for their influence on overall and event-free survival and correlated with pretreatment hemoglobin values (Kaplan-Meier method). In addition, univariate und multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to evaluate the effect of baseline hemoglobin on response rates. Results: The median survival (event-free survival) of all patients amounted to 15 months (10 months). 25%, 50%, and 75% of patients had hemoglobin values < 11.2 g/dl, < 12.7 g/dl, and < 13.9 g/dl, respectively. In the univariate analysis, the following variables were significant prognostic factors for overall/event-free survival (log-rank test): treatment concept (p < 0.001/ p < 0.001), tumor stage (p < 0.001/p < 0.001), general condition (p < 0.001/p < 0.001), and pretreatment hemoglobin (p = 0.014/p = 0.05). Multivariate analysis (Cox) proved these parameters to be independent of each other. In addition, response rate after radiation showed a strong association between hemoglobin and local control probability (p = 0.02). Conclusion: In this retrospective analysis, baseline hemoglobin level was shown to be an independent significant prognostic factor in

  6. Imaging and histologic prognostic factors in triple-negative breast cancer and carcinoma in situ as a prognostic factor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebastián Sebastián, C; García Mur, C; Cruz Ciria, S; Rosero Cuesta, D S; Gros Bañeres, B

    2016-01-01

    To analyze what factors in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histological study of triple-negative breast cancers are related to tumor recurrence and to shorter disease-free survival. To analyze survival and recurrence in function of the presence of an in situ component. This was a retrospective study of MRI staging examinations in 122 women with triple-negative breast cancer done from 2007 through 2014. In the MRI, we evaluated morphological variables (size, margins, morphology, internal signal in T2-weighted sequences) and dynamic variables (perfusion and diffusion). In the histological study, we evaluated Ki67, p53, CK5/6, nuclear grade, and Scarff-Bloom grade, as well as the presence of an in situ component and tumor grade (high grade or not high grade). We compared the variables between patients with tumor recurrence and those without, and we conducted a survival analysis. Non-nodular enhancement was more common in patients with tumor recurrence (p=0.038) and was associated with shorter disease-free survival (p=0.023). Neither diffusion restriction (p=0.079) nor ki67 (p=0.052) was associated with a worse prognosis. An in situ component was detected in 44% of triple-negative tumors, and a greater proportion of patients in the group with tumor recurrence had an in situ component; however, the presence of an in situ component was not associated with shorter survival (p = 0.185). Non-nodular enhancement was associated with a worse prognosis. Diffusion restriction, ki67, and the presence of an in situ component were not associated with shorter disease-free survival. Copyright © 2016 SERAM. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  7. Prognostic factors of Epstein-Barr virus-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in children: report of the Japan Histiocytosis Study Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kogawa, Kazuhiro; Sato, Hiroki; Asano, Takeshi; Ohga, Shouichi; Kudo, Kazuko; Morimoto, Akira; Ohta, Shigeru; Wakiguchi, Hiroshi; Kanegane, Hirokazu; Oda, Megumi; Ishii, Eiichi

    2014-07-01

    Despite several advances in the treatment of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in recent years, patients with Epstein-Barr virus-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH) do not always show satisfactory outcomes. We here conducted a nationwide survey in Japan to identify prognostic factors of EBV-HLH in children with this disease in an effort to improve the management and the outcomes of these patients. Between January 2003 and June 2008, we enrolled 98 children younger than 18 years of age who were diagnosed with EBV-HLH. We then studied the clinical characteristics and laboratory findings at the time of diagnosis with the aim to identify prognostic factors for EBV-HLH. The mean age of onset of EBV-HLH was 3.9 ± 2.8 years. Most of our patients presented with fever, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, and hemophagocytosis of bone marrow. Sixty-two percent of patients showed T cell clonality, and 97% had EBV infection in either T or natural killer cells. Most patients (60%) were treated with a multi-agent chemotherapeutic regimen, including corticosteroid, etoposide, and cyclosporine. After initial treatment, 90.3% of patients were in remission, and 7 patients (8.2%) experienced recurrence of EBV infection. Among several prognostic factors, patients with both hyperbilirubinemia (>1.8 mg/dl) and hyperferritinemia (>20,300 ng/ml) at the time of diagnosis had significantly poorer outcomes than those with low serum bilirubin and ferritin levels. These findings suggest that the therapeutic strategy for children with EBV-HLH could be tailored according to the laboratory findings at diagnosis. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Correlation of high {sup 18}F-FDG uptake to clinical, pathological and biological prognostic factors in breast cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Groheux, David; Moretti, Jean-Luc; Hindie, Elif [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Saint-Louis Hospital,Assistance publique Hopitaux de Paris, Paris Cedex 10 (France); IUH, Doctoral School, University of Paris VII, Paris (France); Giacchetti, Sylvie; Espie, Marc; Hamy, Anne-Sophie; Cuvier, Caroline [Breast Diseases Unit, Saint-Louis Hospital, Department of Medical Oncology, Paris (France); Porcher, Raphael [Saint-Louis Hospital, Department of Biostatistics and Medical Information, Paris (France); Lehmann-Che, Jacqueline [Saint-Louis Hospital, Department of Biochemistry, Paris (France); Roquancourt, Anne de [Saint-Louis Hospital, Department of Pathology, Paris (France); Vercellino, Laetitia [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Saint-Louis Hospital, Assistance publique Hopitaux de Paris, Paris Cedex 10 (France)

    2011-03-15

    The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the main clinicopathological and biological prognostic factors of breast cancer on {sup 18}F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake. Only women with tumours larger than 20 mm (T2-T4) were included in order to minimize bias of partial volume effect. In this prospective study, 132 consecutive women received FDG PET/CT imaging before starting neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Maximum standardized uptake values (SUV{sub max}) were compared to tumour characteristics as assessed on core biopsy. There was no influence of T and N stage on SUV. Invasive ductal carcinoma showed higher SUV than lobular carcinoma. However, the highest uptake was found for metaplastic tumours, representing 5% of patients in this series. Several biological features usually considered as bad prognostic factors were associated with an increase in FDG uptake: the median of SUV{sub max} was 9.7 for grade 3 tumours vs 4.8 for the lower grades (p < 0.0001); negativity for oestrogen receptors (ER) was associated with higher SUV (ER+ SUV = 5.5; ER- SUV = 7.6; p = 0.003); triple-negative tumours (oestrogen and progesterone receptor negative, no overexpression of c-erbB-2) had an SUV of 9.2 vs 5.8 for all others (p = 0005); p53 mutated tumours also had significantly higher SUV (7.8 vs 5.0; p < 0.0001). Overexpression of c-erbB-2 had no effect on the SUV value. Knowledge of the factors influencing uptake is important when interpreting FDG PET/CT scans. Also, findings that FDG uptake is highest in those patients with poor prognostic features (high grade, hormone receptor negativity, triple negativity, metaplastic tumours) is helpful to determine who are the best candidates for baseline staging. (orig.)

  9. Prognostic factors and visual outcome for fireworks-related burns during spring festival in South China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Ying; Liang, Xuanwei; Liu, Xialin; Qu, Bo; Ni, Yao; Jiang, Shuhong; Liu, Yizhi

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and the visual results of fireworks-related ocular burn injuries and to determine the prognostic factors. The authors conducted a prospective observational study of 53 eyes of 46 consecutive patients with fireworks-related ocular injury who visited Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center during the Spring Festival in Southern China. Eyes were graded using an ocular trauma classification system, which included age of the patient. Patients were followed up for a minimum of 5 months. Best-corrected visual acuity at the last follow-up was considered the final visual outcome. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 13.0 (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL). Results of statistical tests were considered statistically significant for P ocular injuries, 23 patients (50.0%) also had eyelid and/or facial burns. The most common initial anterior segment injuries were open-globe injuries (42, 79.3%), conjunctival burns (16, 30.2%), and foreign bodies (18, 34.0%). Others were traumatic cataract, lens subluxation and dislocation, and vitreous hemorrhage. Management after first aid included pars plana vitrectomy (9, 17.0%), aspiration of cataract (18, 34.0%), retinal reattachment (8, 15.1%), and enucleation. Amniotic membrane grafts were used in 11 patients (20.8%) with serious conjunctiva burns and corneal contusions and abrasions who were thought to have a good prognosis. Fireworks-related ocular injuries included a variety of clinical manifestations. Examinations such as B scan, optical coherence tomography, and ultrasound biomicroscopy helped to make a correct diagnosis and plan further treatment. Fireworks-related ocular injuries commonly affect young male subjects of Southern China. Visual outcomes were frequently poor and visually devastating. Laws should be passed to forbid the personal use of fireworks in China, and public education on the sale and use of fireworks should be increased.

  10. EVALUAT I ON OF VARIOUS PROGNOSTIC FACTORS IN PERFORATIVE PERITONITIS MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarada

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Peritonitis is one of the major problems confronting the surgeons in day to day practice. Despite many advances in understanding pathophysiology, mortality rate of diffuse suppurative peritonitis remains high. A prospective study, with prior institutional ethics committee approval, involving 100 patients of perforative peritonitis is done to assess the vari ous prognostic factors in management of generalized peritonitis. Role of age, gender, duration, type of perforation, associated systemic factors are studied in relation to morbidity and mortality in the outcome of management of peritonitis. Elderly age, il eal perforations, delay in presentation of more than 24 hours and associated shock on day one are found to have bad prognosis

  11. [Upper tract urothelial carcinoma. An update on clinical and pathological prognostic factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rink, M; Adam, M; Hansen, J; Chun, F K; Ahyai, S A; Remzi, M; Schlomm, T; Engel, O; Heuer, R; Eichelberg, C; Fisch, M; Dahlem, R; Shariat, S F

    2012-09-01

    Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is an uncommon but potentially lethal disease. Accurate risk stratification remains a challenge owing to the difficulty of clinical staging. Identification of risk factors may lead to individualized treatment and patient counselling and holds the potential to improve outcome. A non-systematic PubMed/Medline literature research was performed to identify and summarize clinical and pathological risk factors and urine-based markers which are associated with clinical outcome. Although knowledge of potential prognostic factors has improved over the last 5 years the overall evidence on UTUC risk factors remains limited and prospective, randomized trials are still missing. Radical nephroureterectomy is currently standard treatment for high-grade and muscle invasive UTUC. Several clinical and pathological factors (e.g. stage, grade, age, hydronephrosis, lymphovascular invasion, tumor necrosis and architecture, delay between diagnosis and surgery) were identified to be associated with outcome. Urinary cytology and fluorescence in-situ hybridization are the most commonly used urinary markers. Prospective randomized controlled trials are urgently needed to identify new risk factors and assess the efficacy. The incorporation of such prognosticators into multivariable prediction models may help to guide decision-making with regard to type of treatment, performance of lymphadenectomy and consideration of neoadjuvant or adjuvant systemic therapy.

  12. Incidence and prognostic factor of ethambutol-related optic neuropathy: 10-year experience in southern Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shih-Chou Chen

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available To investigate the incidence and prognostic factors of ethambutol-related optic neuropathy (EON in one medical center of southern Taiwan, a retrospective chart review study with 4803 newly diagnosed tuberculosis cases from January 2002 to July 2011 at one medical center hospital in southern Taiwan were reviewed. Of these patients, 1004 had ophthalmic records. Sixty-two cases (1.29% experienced visual impairment and were diagnosed as EON with mean visual acuity of 0.86 ± 0.69 by logMAR. Sixteen of the 62 patients had a follow-up time > 6 months. Of these, eight patients (50% showed visual improvement (an increase in visual acuity of ≥ 2 Snellen lines after ethambutol was discontinued. Another eight patients (50% showed no visual improvement. We analyzed multiple factors between the patients with and without visual improvement by logistic regression, including body weight, daily dose of ethambutol, duration of ethambutol use, cumulative dose of ethambutol, renal function, underlying disease of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and initial visual acuity showed no statistically significant difference. In conclusion, the incidence of EON was 1.29%. Half of the patients showed visual improvement after discontinuation of ethambutol, and no obvious prognostic factors were found to facilitate the vision recovery. Ethambutol should be discontinued as soon as EON is suspected.

  13. The outcomes and prognostic factors of fetal hydrothorax associated with trisomy 21.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yumoto, Yasuo; Jwa, Seung Chik; Wada, Seiji; Takahashi, Yuichiro; Ishii, Keisuke; Kato, Kiyoko; Usui, Noriaki; Sago, Haruhiko

    2017-07-01

    To determine the characteristics, outcomes, and prognostic factors of fetal hydrothorax (FHT) with trisomy 21. A nationwide survey was conducted on FHT fetuses with trisomy 21 delivered after 22 weeks' gestation between January 2007 and December 2011 at perinatal centers. The 91 cases of FHT with trisomy 21 included 28 (30.8%) diagnosed in utero and 63 (69.2%) diagnosed after birth. The natural remission rate was 6.6% (6/91). Thoracoamniotic shunting was performed in 14.3% (13/91) of cases. The survival rates of the hydropic, nonhydropic, and total cases were 47.0% (31/66), 84.0% (21/25), and 57.1% (52/91), respectively. The crude odds ratio for death was 8.2 (p = 0.003) for fetuses diagnosed at 26-30 weeks of gestational age (vs ≥30 weeks), 5.9 (p = 0.003) for hydrops, 4.0 (p = 0.04) for bilateral pleural effusion, 0.68 (p = 0.42) for associated cardiovascular anomalies, and 2.1 (p = 0.26) for thoracoamniotic shunting (vs no fetal therapy). The prognosis of FHT with trisomy 21 was not very poor, but it was still worse than that of primary FHT. Hydrops, an early gestational age at the diagnosis and bilateral effusion, but not associated anomalies, were risk factors for death. Fetal therapy showed no survival benefit for FHT with trisomy 21. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  14. [Clinical and paraclinical prognostic factors in non-small cell lung cancer surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riquet, M; Rivera, C; Pricopi, C; Badia, A; Arame, A; Dujon, A; Foucault, C; Le Pimpec-Barthes, F; Fabre, E

    2015-10-01

    Lung cancer prognosis is mainly based on the TNM, histology and molecular biology. Our aim was to analyze the prognostic value of certain clinical and paraclinical variables. We studied among 6105 patients operated on, divided during 3 time-periods (1979 to 2010), the following prognostic factors: type of surgery, pTNM, histology, age, sex, smoking history, clinical presentation, and paraclinical variables. Postoperative mortality was 4% (243/6105), rate of complications was 23.3% (1424/6105). The 5-year overall survival was 43.2% and 10-year was 27%. Best survival was observed after complete resection (R0) (P<10(-6)), lobectomy (P<10(-6)), lymph node dissection (P=0.0006), early pTNM stages (P<10(-6)), absence of a solid component in adenocarcinoma. Other pejorative factors were: male gender (P=10(-5)), age (P=0.0000002), comorbidity (P=0.016), history of cancer (P<10(-5)), postoperative complications (P=0.0018), FEV lower than 80% (P=0.0000025), time-periods (P<10(-6)). All these factors were confirmed by multivariate analysis, except gender. Smoking was not poor prognostic factor in univariate analysis (P=0.09) but became significant in the multivariate one (P=0.013). Medical and human factors, and the general physiological state, play an important role in prognosis after surgery. We do not know their exact meaning and, like studies on chemotherapy, they justify special research. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  15. The prognostic factors affecting survival in muscle invasive bladder cancer treated with radiotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Woong Ki; Oh, Bong Ryoul; Ahn, Sung Ja; Nah, Byung Sik; Kwon, Dong Deuk; Park, Kwang Sung; Ryu, Soo Bang; Park, Yang Il [Chonnam National University Medical School, Chonnam National University Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-06-15

    This study analyzed the prognostic factors affecting the survival rate and evaluated the role of radiation therapy in muscle-invading bladder cancer. Twenty eight patient with bladder cancer who completed planned definitive radiotherapy in the Departments of Therapeutic Radiology and Urology, Chonnam National University Hospital between Jan. 1986 to Dec. 1998 were retrospectively analyzed. The reviews were performed based on the patients' medical records. There were 21 males and 7 females in this study. The median of age was 72 years old ranging from 49 to 84 years. All patients were confirmed as having transitional cell carcinoma with histological grade 1 in one patient, grade 2 in 15, grade 3 in 9, and uniformed in 3. Radiation therapy was performed using a linear accelerator with 6 or 10 MV X-rays. Radiation was delivered daily with a 1.8 or 2.0 Gy fraction size by 4 ports (anterior-posterior, both lateral, alternatively) or 3 ports (Anterior and both lateral). The median radiation dose delivered to the isocenter of the target volume was 61.24 Gy ranging from 59 to 66.6 Gy. The survival rate was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate analysis was performed on the prognostic factors affecting the survival rate. The survival rate was 76%, 46%, 33%, 33% at 1, 2, 3, 5 years, respectively, with 19 months of median survival. The potential factors of age (less than 70 years vs above 70), sex, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hydronephrosis, T-stage (T3a vs T3b), TUR, chemotherapy, total duration of radiotherapy, radiation dose (less than 60 Gy vs above 60 Gy), and the treatment response were investigated with uni- and multivariate analysis. In univariate analysis, the T-stage ({rho} 0.078) and radiation dose ({rho} = 0.051) were marginally significant, and the treatment response ({rho} = 0.011) was a statistically significant factor on the survival rate. Multivariate analysis showed there were no significant prognostic factors affecting the survival

  16. Frontline Therapy for Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma by Stage and Prognostic Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Pamela B; Gordon, Leo I

    2017-01-01

    Hodgkin lymphoma is a highly curable malignancy in early and advanced stages. Most patients are diagnosed in their teens or twenties and are expected to live decades beyond their treatment. Therefore, the toxicity of treatment must be balanced with the goal of cure. Thus, treatment has been refined through prognostic models and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT)-directed therapy. Stratification by prognostic models defines groups of patients with favorable characteristics who may be treated with less intensive therapy upfront, including fewer cycles of chemotherapy, lower doses of radiation, or omission of radiation altogether. Alternatively, high-risk patients may be assigned to a more aggressive initial approach. The modern use of interim PET-CT allows further tailoring of treatment by response. PMID:28989291

  17. Prognostic factors for specific lower extremity and spinal musculoskeletal injuries identified through medical screening and training load monitoring in professional football (soccer): a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Tom; Sergeant, Jamie C; Parkes, Matthew J; Callaghan, Michael J

    2017-01-01

    Medical screening and load monitoring procedures are commonly used in professional football to assess factors perceived to be associated with injury. To identify prognostic factors (PFs) and models for lower extremity and spinal musculoskeletal injuries in professional/elite football players from medical screening and training load monitoring processes. The MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, SPORTDiscus and PubMed electronic bibliographic databases were searched (from inception to January 2017). Prospective and retrospective cohort studies of lower extremity and spinal musculoskeletal injury incidence in professional/elite football players aged between 16 and 40 years were included. The Quality in Prognostic Studies appraisal tool and the modified Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation synthesis approach was used to assess the quality of the evidence. Fourteen studies were included. 16 specific lower extremity injury outcomes were identified. No spinal injury outcomes were identified. Meta-analysis was not possible due to heterogeneity and study quality. All evidence related to PFs and specific lower extremity injury outcomes was of very low to low quality. On the few occasions where multiple studies could be used to compare PFs and outcomes, only two factors demonstrated consensus. A history of previous hamstring injuries (HSI) and increasing age may be prognostic for future HSI in male players. The assumed ability of medical screening tests to predict specific musculoskeletal injuries is not supported by the current evidence. Screening procedures should currently be considered as benchmarks of function or performance only. The prognostic value of load monitoring modalities is unknown.

  18. Prognostic Factors for Long-Term Mortality in Critically Ill Patients Treated With Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dettmer, Matthew R; Damuth, Emily; Zarbiv, Samson; Mitchell, Jessica A; Bartock, Jason L; Trzeciak, Stephen

    2017-01-01

    Long-term survival for patients treated with prolonged mechanical ventilation is generally poor; however, patient-level factors associated with long-term mortality are unclear. Our objective was to systematically review the biomedical literature and synthesize data for prognostic factors that predict long-term mortality in prolonged mechanical ventilation patients. We searched PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library from 1988 to 2015 for studies on prolonged mechanical ventilation utilizing a comprehensive strategy without language restriction. We included studies of adults 1) receiving mechanical ventilation for more than or equal to 14 days, 2) admitted to a ventilator weaning unit, or 3) received a tracheostomy for acute respiratory failure. We analyzed articles that used a multivariate analysis to identify patient-level factors associated with long-term mortality (≥ 6 mo from when the patient met criteria for receiving prolonged mechanical ventilation). We used a standardized data collection tool and assessed study quality with a customized Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. We abstracted the strength of association between each prognostic factor and long-term mortality. Individual prognostic factors were then designated as strong, moderate, weak, or inconclusive based on an a priori previously published schema. A total of 7,411 articles underwent relevance screening; 419 underwent full article review. We identified 14 articles that contained a multivariate analysis. We abstracted 19 patient-level factors that showed association with long-term mortality. Six factors demonstrated strong strength of evidence for association with the primary outcome: age, vasopressor requirement, thrombocytopenia, preexisting kidney disease, failed ventilator liberation, and acute kidney injury ± hemodialysis requirement. All factors, except preexisting kidney disease and failed ventilator liberation, were measured at the time the patients met criteria for prolonged mechanical ventilation

  19. Identification of prognostic factors in canine mammary malignant tumours: a multivariable survival study

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    Santos Andreia A

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although several histopathological and clinical features of canine mammary gland tumours have been widely studied from a prognostic standpoint, considerable variations in tumour individual biologic behaviour difficult the definition of accurate prognostic factors. It has been suggested that the malignant behaviour of tumours is the end result of several alterations in cellular physiology that culminate in tumour growth and spread. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to determine, using a multivariable model, the independent prognostic value of several immunohistochemically detected tumour-associated molecules, such as MMP-9 and uPA in stromal cells and Ki-67, TIMP-2 and VEGF in cancer cells. Results Eighty-five female dogs affected by spontaneous malignant mammary neoplasias were followed up for a 2-year post-operative period. In univariate analysis, tumour characteristics such as size, mode of growth, regional lymph node metastases, tumour cell MIB-1 LI and MMP-9 and uPA expressions in tumour-adjacent fibroblasts, were associated with both survival and disease-free intervals. Histological type and grade were related with overall survival while VEGF and TIMP-2 were not significantly associated with none of the outcome parameters. In multivariable analysis, only a MIB-1 labelling index higher than 40% and a stromal expression of MMP-9 higher than 50% retained significant relationships with poor overall and disease-free survival. Conclusions The results of this study indicate that MMP-9 and Ki-67 are independent prognostic markers of canine malignant mammary tumours. Furthermore, the high stromal expressions of uPA and MMP-9 in aggressive tumours suggest that these molecules are potential therapeutic targets in the post-operative treatment of canine mammary cancer.

  20. Extra-nodal extension is a significant prognostic factor in lymph node positive breast cancer.

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    Sura Aziz

    Full Text Available Presence of lymph node (LN metastasis is a strong prognostic factor in breast cancer, whereas the importance of extra-nodal extension and other nodal tumor features have not yet been fully recognized. Here, we examined microscopic features of lymph node metastases and their prognostic value in a population-based cohort of node positive breast cancer (n = 218, as part of the prospective Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program NBCSP (1996-2009. Sections were reviewed for the largest metastatic tumor diameter (TD-MET, nodal afferent and efferent vascular invasion (AVI and EVI, extra-nodal extension (ENE, number of ENE foci, as well as circumferential (CD-ENE and perpendicular (PD-ENE diameter of extra-nodal growth. Number of positive lymph nodes, EVI, and PD-ENE were significantly increased with larger primary tumor (PT diameter. Univariate survival analysis showed that several features of nodal metastases were associated with disease-free (DFS or breast cancer specific survival (BCSS. Multivariate analysis demonstrated an independent prognostic value of PD-ENE (with 3 mm as cut-off value in predicting DFS and BCSS, along with number of positive nodes and histologic grade of the primary tumor (for DFS: P = 0.01, P = 0.02, P = 0.01, respectively; for BCSS: P = 0.02, P = 0.008, P = 0.02, respectively. To conclude, the extent of ENE by its perpendicular diameter was independently prognostic and should be considered in line with nodal tumor burden in treatment decisions of node positive breast cancer.

  1. Skeletal Muscle Depletion and Markers for Cancer Cachexia Are Strong Prognostic Factors in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer.

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    Stefanie Aust

    Full Text Available Tumor cachexia is an important prognostic parameter in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC. Tumor cachexia is characterized by metabolic and inflammatory disturbances. These conditions might be reflected by body composition measurements (BCMs ascertained by pre-operative computed tomography (CT. Thus, we aimed to identify the prognostically most relevant BCMs assessed by pre-operative CT in EOC patients.We evaluated muscle BCMs and well established markers of nutritional and inflammatory status, as well as clinical-pathological parameters in 140 consecutive patients with EOC. Furthermore, a multiplexed inflammatory marker panel of 25 cytokines was used to determine the relationship of BCMs with inflammatory markers and patient's outcome. All relevant parameters were evaluated in uni- and multivariate survival analysis.Muscle attenuation (MA-a well established BCM parameter-is an independent prognostic factor for survival in multivariate analysis (HR 2.25; p = 0.028. Low MA-reflecting a state of cachexia-is also associated with residual tumor after cytoreductive surgery (p = 0.046 and with an unfavorable performance status (p = 0.015. Moreover, MA is associated with Eotaxin and IL-10 out of the 25 cytokine multiplex marker panel in multivariate linear regression analysis (p = 0.021 and p = 0.047, respectively.MA-ascertained by routine pre-operative CT-is an independent prognostic parameter in EOC patients. Low MA is associated with the inflammatory, as well as the nutritional component of cachexia. Therefore, the clinical value of pre-operative CT could be enhanced by the assessment of MA.

  2. Prognostic factors in the estimation of HIFU treatment efficiency in patients with localized prostate cancer

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    Popkov V.M.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Research objective: To study the role of prognostic factors in the estimation of risk development of recurrent prostate cancer after treatment by high-intensive focused ultrasound (HIUF. Objects and Research Methods: The research has included 102 patients with morphologically revealed localized prostate cancer by biopsy. They have been on treatment in Clinic of Urology of the Saratov Clinical Hospital n.a. S. R. Mirotvortsev. 102 sessions of initial operative treatment of prostate cancer by the method of HIFU have been performed. The general group of patients (n=102 has been subdivided by the method of casual distribution into two samples: group of patients with absent recurrent tumor and group of patients with the revealed recurrent tumor, by morphological research of biopsy material of residual prostate tissue after HIFU. The computer program has been used to study the signs of outcome of patients with prostate cancer. Results: Risk of development of recurrent prostate cancer has grown with the PSA level raise and its density. The index of positive biopsy columns <0,2 has shown the recurrence of prostate cancer in 17% cases while occurrence of prostate cancer in 59% cases has been determined by the index of 0,5 and higher. The tendency to obvious growth of number of relapses has been revealed by the sum of Glison raise with present perineural invasion. Cases of recurrent prostate cancer have been predominant in patients with lymphovascular invasions. In conclusion it has been worked out that the main signs of recurrent prostate cancer development may include: PSA, PSA density, the sum of Glison, lymphovascular invasion, invasion.

  3. Transcatheter hepatic arterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma invading the portal veins: therapeutic effects and prognostic factors

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    Uraki, Junji; Yamakado, Koichiro E-mail: yama@clin.medic.mie-u.ac.jp; Nakatsuka, Atsuhiro; Takeda, Kan

    2004-07-01

    Purpose: This retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic effects of transcatheter hepatic arterial chemoembolization on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) invading the portal veins and to identify prognostic factors. Materials and methods: Sixty-one patients underwent chemoembolization. The HCC had invaded the main portal vein in 23 patients, a first-order branch in 25 patients and a second-order branch in 13 patients. The hepatic arteries feeding the tumors were embolized with gelatin sponge after a mixture of iodized oil and anticancer drugs was injected via these vessels. Tumor response was evaluated by measuring tumor sizes on CT images. A reduction in maximum diameter of 25% or more was considered to indicate response to chemoembolization. Significant prognostic factors were identified by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Tumor size was reduced by 25% or more in 26 patients (43%). The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 42, 11 and 3%, respectively, with mean survival of 15 months in all patients. In the univariate analysis, the following six variables were significantly associated with prognosis: (i) tumor response; (ii) ascites; (iii) accumulation of iodized oil in tumor thrombi; (iv) in main tumors; (v) Okuda classification; and (vi) tumor size. In the multivariate analysis, the first three of these factors showed significantly independent values for patient prognosis. Conclusion: Chemoembolization appears to be an effective treatment for HCCs invading the portal venous system. The prognostic factors identified here are expected to be helpful in classifying patients with HCCs invading the portal veins and should serve as useful guidelines for chemoembolization in clinical practice.

  4. [Perforation of hollow organs in the abdominal contusion: diagnostic features and prognostic factors of death].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolau, A E; Merlan, V; Dinescu, G; Crăciun, M; Kitkani, A; Beuran, M

    2012-01-01

    Blunt hollow viscus perforations (HVP) due to abdominal contusions (AC), although rare, are difficult to diagnose early and are associated with a high mortality. Our paper analyses retrospectively data from patients operated for HVP between January 2005 and January 2009, the efficiency of different diagnostic tools, mortality and prognostic factors for death. There were 62 patients operated for HVP, 14 of which had isolated abdominal contusion and 48 were poly trauma patients. There were 9 women and 53 men, the mean age was 41.5 years (SD: +17,9), the mean ISS was 32.94 (SD: +15,94), 23 patients had associated solid viscus injuries (SVI). Clinical examination was irelevant for 16 of the 62 patients, abdominal Xray was false negative for 30 out of 35 patients and abdominal ultrasound was false negative for 16 out of 60 patients. Abdominal CT was initially false negative for 7 out of 38 patients: for 4 of them the abdominal CT was repeated and was positive for HVP, for 3 patients a diagnostic laparoscopy was performed. Direct signs for HVP on abdominal CT were present for 3 out of 38 patients. Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed for 7 patients with suspicion for HVP, and was positive for 6 of them and false negative for a patient with a duodenal perforation. Single organ perforations were present in 55 cases, multi organ perforations were present in 7 cases. There were 15 deaths (15.2%), most of them caused by haemodynamic instability (3 out of 6 patients) and associated lesions: SOL for 9 out of 23 cases, pelvic fracture (PF) for 6 out of 14 patients, craniocerebral trauma (CCT) for 12 out of 33 patients.Multivariate analysis showed that the prognostic factors for death were ISS value (p = 0,023) and associated CCT (odds ratio = 4,95; p = 0,017). The following factors were not confirmed as prognostic factors for death: age, haemodynamic instability, associated SVI, thoracic trauma (TT), pelvic fractures (PF), limbs fractures (LF) and admission-operation interval

  5. Prognostic Factors and Treatment Results After Bleomycin, Etoposide, and Cisplatin in Germ Cell Cancer: A Population-based Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kier, Maria G; Lauritsen, Jakob; Mortensen, Mette S

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: First-line treatment for patients with disseminated germ cell cancer (GCC) is bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP). A prognostic classification of patients receiving chemotherapy was published by the International Germ Cell Cancer Collaborative Group (IGCCCG) in 1997, but only...... a small proportion of the patients received BEP. OBJECTIVE: To estimate survival probabilities after BEP, evaluate the IGCCCG prognostic classification, and propose new prognostic factors for outcome. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Of a Danish population-based cohort of GCC patients (1984-2007), 1889...... received first-line BEP, with median follow-up of 15 yr. Covariates evaluated as prognostic factors were age, year of treatment, primary site, non-pulmonary visceral metastases, pulmonary metastases, and tumor markers. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Outcomes measured were 5-yr progression...

  6. Prognostic factors related to mortality in newborns with Bochdalek hernia: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracho-Blanchet, Eduardo; Esperante-Lozano, Sandro; Dávila-Pérez, Roberto; Reed-López Güereña, Francisco; Zalles-Vidal, Cristian; Nieto-Zermeño, Jaime

    2011-01-01

    Bochdalek hernia remains an entity carrying a high mortality. Because there are no published studies about prognostic factors for mortality in Bochdalek hernia in underdeveloped countries, we designed the present study. Our objective was to determine the prognostic factors related to mortality in Bochdalek hernia in countries such as Mexico. We designed a case (deceased)-control (alive) study during a 10-year period analyzing epidemiological and pre-, intra- and postoperative factors related to mortality. Our protocol is to operate when the patient is hemodynamically stable. We analyzed 11 cases and 38 controls. There was pulmonary hypertension in 65% of the patients. Associated anomalies were not related to mortality. Low Apgar score (p = 0.016), the need for high frequency ventilation (p = 0.003) or having postoperative complications (p = 0.025) were related to mortality with pulmonary hypertension being the main cause. Odds ratios showed that immediate intubation, preoperative pulmonary hypertension (p = 0.05) and the necessity for preoperative stabilization (p = 0.043) increased mortality risk by 1.5 times. Using preoperative high-frequency ventilation increased the risk nine times and, when needed postoperatively, increases the risk 11 times. Factors related to mortality were low Apgar score, immediate intubation, need for stabilization, postoperative complications and need for high-frequency ventilation.

  7. Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinomas: Prognostic Factors and Outcomes in Patients With Non-Lymph Node Distant Metastasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevillano, Elena; Werner, Lillian; Bossé, Dominick; Lalani, Aly-Khan A; Wankowicz, Stephanie A M; de Velasco, Guillermo; Farina, Matthew; Lundgren, Kevin; Choueiri, Toni K; González Del Alba, Aranzazu; Bellmunt, Joaquim

    2017-12-01

    Upper tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUCs) are increasingly recognized as separate malignancies. Additional insight into clinical outcomes and key prognostic factors are needed. To detail outcomes of patients with UTUCs recurring after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) and to determine a risk score that predicts outcomes of patients with non-lymph node distant metastasis. Chart review of all patients who had an extraurothelial recurrence after RNU for UTUC at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute between 2009 and 2014. Median overall survival defined as time from chemotherapy for distant relapse to death. Prognostic relevance of performance status, hemoglobin, and receipt of cisplatin were assessed by Cox regression model. A total of 102 patients were identified, 57 of whom had non-lymph node distant metastases at relapse; 45 received chemotherapy. Median follow-up was 29.8 months; median overall survival was 14.7 months. Objective response rate to any chemotherapy in the first-line setting was only 22%. Hemoglobin > 11 g/dL and receipt of cisplatin was associated with numerically longer median survival but did not reach statistical significance in univariate and multivariate analysis. Prognostic risk score scale including hemoglobin < 11 g/dL and receipt of cisplatin was inversely associated with survival, with scores of 0, 1, and 2 leading to median survival of 19.0, 14.9, and 7.2 months (P = .38), respectively. Advanced UTUC portends a poor prognosis, and most patients cannot receive cisplatin-based chemotherapy. A risk score that includes anemia and receipt of cisplatin helps stratify patients with distant metastasis for inclusion into eventual clinical trials. More studies are needed to validate these findings. Metastatic UTUC is an aggressive disease, where anemia and ineligibility to receive cisplatin are adverse features associated with shorter survival. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. ASSESSMENT OF PROGNOSTIC FACTORS CONSIDERING THE VOLUME OF SKELETAL METASTASIS IN PATIENTS WITH DISSEMINATED PROSTATE CANCER

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    N. E. Kosyh

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To determine the correlation between prognostic factors (age, differentiation grade assessed using the Gleason scoring system, serum prostate specific antigen, prostate volume, and serum testosterone and the volume of skeletal metastasis expressed as bone metastasis index (BMI in patients with disseminated prostate cancer (DPC. Material and methods. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 157 patients with initially diagnosed DPC treated at the Khabarovsk Regional Cancer Center from 2003 to 2013. Bone metastases were revealed in all patients. The volume of skeletal metastasis was measured using a novel automated computeraided diagnosis system devised by the specialists of Computer Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Results. The patients were divided into four groups. Group1: BMI≤1 % and Gleason score≤5; group 2: BMI ≤1 % and Gleason Score≥3; group 3: BMI>1 % and Gleason score≤5; group 4: BMI>1 % and Gleason score>5. The median survival time was 48 months in group 1 patients, 36.5 months in group 2, 33 months in group 3 and 20 months in group 4 patients. Both log-rank and Wilcoxon tests demonstrated a statistically significant difference in survival curves between the groups 1 and 3, and between the groups 2 and 4. There was also a difference in differentiation grade assessed by the Gleason score system between these two pairs of groups. Correlation of other prognostic factors, such as age, serum prostate specific antigen, prostate volume, and serum testosterone with the volume of skeletal metastasis demonstrated that BMI predominantly influenced the survival of prostate cancer patients. Conclusion. The assessment of prognostic factors allowed the patients’ groups with the worst prognosis to be identified. The bone metastasis index and differentiation grade of the tumor appeared to be independent predictors of high death risk in patients with disseminated prostate cancer.

  9. Analysis of Prognostic Factors in 541 Female Patients with Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

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    Meina WU

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective As there is a sharp increase in the incidence of lung cancer in women in recent years, it has brought broad concerns with its unique clinical and epidemiological characteristics and better prognosis. The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical data of women with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC retrospectively to explore the prognostic factors. Methods Clinical data of 541 female patients with advanced NSCLC were collected and followed up till death. The primary endpoint is overall survival (OS. SPSS 11.0 statistical analysis software was used for univariate and multivariate analysis. Results The mean age is 59 years (20 years-86 years, adenocarcinoma account for 80.2% (434/541. The median OS was 15 months (95%CI: 13.87-16.13, and 1, 2, 5-year survival rates were 58.8%, 23.7% and 3.20% respectively. Univariate analysis showed that clinical stage, ECOG score, weight loss, clinical symptoms, liver/bone/brain metastasis and received more than one chemotherapy regimen, good response to the first-line chemotherapy, EGFR-TKI targeted therapy and radiotherapy treatment were significantly correlated with the OS and survival rate (P < 0.05. Combined with multivariate analysis, weight loss before treatment, ECOG score, received EGFR-TKI targeted therapy and response to first-line chemotherapy were independent prognostic factor for survival (P < 0.05. Conclusion There is a higher percentage of adenocarcinoma in female NSCLC. Weight loss before treatment, ECOG score, EGFR-TKI targeted therapy and response to first-line chemotherapy may become independent prognostic factors for survival of female patients with advanced NSCLC.

  10. Prognostic factors in lung transplantation: the Santa Casa de Porto Alegre experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machuca, Tiago Noguchi; Schio, Sadi Marcelo; Camargo, Spencer Marcantônio; Lobato, Vivalde; Costa, Clarice Daniele Oliveira; Felicetti, José Carlos; Moreira, José Silva; Camargo, José Jesus

    2011-06-15

    Lung transplantation (LT) has been established as a current therapy for selected patients with end-stage lung disease. Different prognostic factors have been reported by transplant centers. The objective of this study is to report our recent results with LT and to search for prognostic factors. We performed a retrospective analysis of 130 patients who underwent LT at our institution from January 2004 to July 2009. Donor, recipient, intraoperative, and postoperative variables were collected. The mean age was 53.14 years (ranging from 8 to 72 years) and 80 (61.5%) were male. The main causes of end-stage respiratory disease were pulmonary fibrosis 53 (40.7%) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 52 (40%). The actuarial 1-year survival was 67.7%. Variables correlated with survival were age (P=0.004), distance in the 6-min walk test (P=0.007), coronary heart disease (P=0.001), cardiopulmonary bypass (P=0.02), intraoperative transfusion of red blood cells (P=0.016), increasing central venous pressure at 24th postoperative hour (P=0.001), increasing pulmonary capillary wedge pressure at 24th postoperative hour (P=0.01); length of intubation (P<0.01), reintubation (P=0.001), length of intensive care unit stay (P<0.001), abdominal complication (P=0.003), acute renal failure requiring dialysis (P<0.001), native lung hyperinflation (P=0.02), and acute rejection in the first month (P=0.03). In multivariate analysis, only dialysis (P=0.004, hazards ratio [HR] 2.68), length of intubation (P=0.004, HR 1.002 for each hour), and reintubation (P=0.003, HR 2.88) proved to be independent predictors. Analysis of variables in our cohort highlighted dialysis, longer mechanical ventilation requirement, and reintubation as independent prognostic factors in LT.

  11. Radiation therapy following surgery for localized breast cancer: outcome prediction by classical prognostic factors and approximated genetic subtypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacelli, Roberto; Conson, Manuel; Cella, Laura; Liuzzi, Raffaele; Troncone, Giancarlo; Iorio, Vincenzo; Solla, Raffaele; Farella, Antonio; Scala, Stefania; Pagliarulo, Clorindo; Salvatore, Marco

    2013-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome prediction power of classical prognostic factors along with surrogate approximation of genetic signatures (AGS) subtypes in patients affected by localized breast cancer (BC) and treated with postoperative radiotherapy. We retrospectively analyzed 468 consecutive female patients affected by localized BC with complete immunohistochemical and pathological information available. All patients underwent surgery plus radiotherapy. Median follow-up was 59 months (range, 6-132) from the diagnosis. Disease recurrences (DR), local and/or distant, and contralateral breast cancer (CBC) were registered and analyzed in relation to subtypes (luminal A, luminal B, HER-2, and basal), and classical prognostic factors (PFs), namely age, nodal status (N), tumor classification (T), grading (G), estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors and erb-B2 status. Bootstrap technique for variable selection and bootstrap resampling to test selection stability were used. Regarding AGS subtypes, HER-2 and basal were more likely to recur than luminal A and B subtypes, while patients in the basal group were more likely to have CBC. However, considering PFs along with AGS subtypes, the optimal multivariable predictive model for DR consisted of age, T, N, G and ER. A single-variable model including basal subtype resulted again as the optimal predictive model for CBC. In patients bearing localized BC the combination of classical clinical variables age, T, N, G and ER was still confirmed to be the best predictor of DR, while the basal subtype was demonstrated to be significantly and exclusively correlated with CBC.

  12. Prognostic factors in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a ten year study

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    Oloomi yazdi Z.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL is the most common cancer in the pediatric population. With modern treatments, the chance of the complete recovery is nearly 100%. The most important prognostic factors are appropriate treatment protocol and determination of patient risk factors based on clinical, morphological, immunological and cytological characteristics. In this study we reviewed frequency of these factors, like as age, gender, the primary white blood cell number, sub- group on the base of FAB classification, immunophenotype and the clinical progress. Methods: In this retrospective study, we reviewed 877 pediatric patients with the diagnosis of ALL between the years of 1994 and 2004. In these patients the age, gender, primary WBC count, sub-group based on the FAB classification, immunophenotype and the clinical progress in 177 patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia at Imam Khomeini Hospital between the years of 1994 to 2004 were determined. Results: Of these patients, 1.6% was younger than one year, 24.8% more than ten years old and 73.6% were between the ages of one and ten years; 63.8% were male. WBC counts were above 50,000/ul in 28.8% of the patients. FAB classifications included L1 in 80.2%, L2 in 17.5% and L3 in 2.3% of the patients. Immunophenotypes included pre-B cell in 63.8%, early pre-B cell in 23.1%, T cell in 12.3% and mature B cell in 0.8% of the patients. Marker CD10+ was detected in 88.1% of the B cell cases. In this study group, 74% of the patients recovered, 16.3% died and 16.5% relapsed.Conclusions: The prevalence of FAB-L1 and pre-B cell cases in this study is greater than a previous study, while the prevalence of FAB-L2 and early pre-B cell cases is less than that of the previous study.

  13. Risk Factors for Breast Cancer, Including Occupational Exposures

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    Elisabete Weiderpass

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The knowledge on the etiology of breast cancer has advanced substantially in recent years, and several etiological factors are now firmly established. However, very few new discoveries have been made in relation to occupational risk factors. The International Agency for Research on Cancer has evaluated over 900 different exposures or agents to-date to determine whether they are carcinogenic to humans. These evaluations are published as a series of Monographs (www.iarc.fr. For breast cancer the following substances have been classified as “carcinogenic to humans” (Group 1: alcoholic beverages, exposure to diethylstilbestrol, estrogen-progestogen contraceptives, estrogen-progestogen hormone replacement therapy and exposure to X-radiation and gamma-radiation (in special populations such as atomic bomb survivors, medical patients, and in-utero exposure. Ethylene oxide is also classified as a Group 1 carcinogen, although the evidence for carcinogenicity in epidemiologic studies, and specifically for the human breast, is limited. The classification “probably carcinogenic to humans” (Group 2A includes estrogen hormone replacement therapy, tobacco smoking, and shift work involving circadian disruption, including work as a flight attendant. If the association between shift work and breast cancer, the most common female cancer, is confirmed, shift work could become the leading cause of occupational cancer in women.

  14. Antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in patients with bronchiectasis: prevalence, risk factors and prognostic implications

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    Gao YH

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Yong-hua Gao,1,* Wei-jie Guan,2,* Ya-nan Zhu,3 Rong-chang Chen,2 Guo-jun Zhang1 1Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, 2State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 3Department of Emergency Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background and aims: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA is the most common pathogen in bronchiectasis and frequently develops resistance to multiple classes of antibiotics, but little is known about the clinical impacts of PA-resistant (PA-R isolates on bronchiectasis. We, therefore, investigated the prevalence, risk factors and prognostic implications of PA-R isolates in hospitalized bronchiectasis patients.Patients and methods: Between June 2011 and July 2016, data from adult bronchiectasis patients isolated with PA at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. PA was classified as PA-R in case antibiogram demonstrated resistance on at least one occasion.Results: Seven hundred forty-seven bronchiectasis patients were assessed. Of these, 147 (19.7% had PA isolate in the sputum or bronchoscopic culture. PA-R and PA-sensitive accounted for 88 (59.9% and 59 (31.1% patients, respectively. In multivariate model, factors associated with PA-R isolate in bronchiectasis included prior exposure to antibiotics (odds ratio [OR] =6.18, three or more exacerbations in the previous year (OR =2.81, higher modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scores (OR =1.93 and greater radiologic severity (OR =1.15. During follow-up (median: 26 months; interquartile range: 6–59 months, 36 patients died, of whom 24 (66

  15. Circulating Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 (Fgf21) as Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarker in Renal Cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Knott, ME; Minatta, JN; Roulet, L; Gueglio, G; Pasik, L; Ranuncolo, SM; Nu?ez, M; Puricelli, L; De Lorenzo, MS

    2016-01-01

    Background The finding of new biomarkers is needed to have a better sub-classification of primary renal tumors (RCC) as well as more reliable predictors of outcome and therapy response. In this study, we evaluated the role of circulating FGF21, an endocrine factor, as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for ccRCC. Materials and Methods Serum samples from healthy controls (HC), clear cell and chromophobe RCC cancer patients were obtained from the serum biobank ?Biobanco P?blico de Muestras S...

  16. The 5-minute Apgar Score as a Prognostic Factor for Development and Progression of Retinopathy of Prematurity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinov, Vasil G; Koleva-Georgieva, Desislava N; Sivkova, Nelly P; Krasteva, Maya B

    2017-03-01

    A low Apgar score at 5 minutes has been shown to be a risk factor for development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). To examine the prognostic value of Apgar score at 5 minutes for development and progression of ROP. The study included 132 preterm infants who were screened from 4th week of life onward. Of these, 118 newborns were given Apgar score at 5 minutes. The prognostic significance of this index was studied as an absolute value and as a value ≤ 6. The patients were divided into two groups: group I had no evidence of ROP (n=82) and group II had some signs of ROP (n = 36). Group II was further divided into group IIA - spontaneously regressed cases (n=22), and group IIB with cases which progressed to treatment stages (n=14). We investigated 15 maternal and 20 newborn presumable risk factors for development and progression of ROP. Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 or Fisher's exact test were used in the statistical analysis. Logistic regression was performed to find significant and independent risk factors for manifestation and progression of ROP. A low 5-minute Apgar score and an Apgar score of 6 or less at 5 minutes were not statistically significant risk factors of ROP (р=0.191, р=0.191, respectively), but were significant risk factors for the manifested ROP to progress to stages requiring treatment (p=0.046, р=0.036, respectively). An Apgar score at 5 minutes of 6 or less was a significant and independent risk factor for progression of ROP to stages requiring treatment.

  17. Blood Cell Palmitoleate-Palmitate Ratio Is an Independent Prognostic Factor for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henriques, Alexandre; Blasco, Hélène; Fleury, Marie-Céline; Corcia, Philippe; Echaniz-Laguna, Andoni; Robelin, Laura; Rudolf, Gabrielle; Lequeu, Thiebault; Bergaentzle, Martine; Gachet, Christian; Pradat, Pierre-François; Marchioni, Eric; Andres, Christian R.; Tranchant, Christine; Gonzalez De Aguilar, Jose-Luis; Loeffler, Jean-Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Growing evidence supports a link between fatty acid metabolism and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Here we determined the fatty acid composition of blood lipids to identify markers of disease progression and survival. We enrolled 117 patients from two clinical centers and 48 of these were age and gender matched with healthy volunteers. We extracted total lipids from serum and blood cells, and separated fatty acid methyl esters by gas chromatography. We measured circulating biochemical parameters indicative of the metabolic status. Association between fatty acid composition and clinical readouts was studied, including ALS functional rating scale-revised (ALSFRS-R), survival, disease duration, site of onset and body mass index. Palmitoleate (16:1) and oleate (18:1) levels, and stearoyl-CoA desaturase indices (16:1/16:0 and 18:1/18:0) significantly increased in blood cells from ALS patients compared to healthy controls. Palmitoleate levels and 16:1/16:0 ratio in blood cells, but not body mass index or leptin concentrations, negatively correlated with ALSFRS-R decline over a six-month period (p<0.05). Multivariate Cox analysis, with age, body mass index, site of onset and ALSFRS-R as covariables, showed that blood cell 16:1/16:0 ratio was an independent prognostic factor for survival (hazard ratio=0.1 per unit of ratio, 95% confidence interval=0.01-0.57, p=0.009). In patients with high 16:1/16:0 ratio, survival at blood collection was extended by 10 months, as compared to patients with low ratio. The 16:1/16:0 index is an easy-to-handle parameter that predicts survival of ALS patients independently of body mass index. It therefore deserves further validation in larger cohorts for being used to assess disease outcome and effects of disease-modifying drugs. PMID:26147510

  18. Concomitant renal insufficiency and diabetes mellitus as prognostic factors for acute myocardial infarction

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    Kim Chang Seong

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Diabetes mellitus and renal dysfunction are prognostic factors after acute myocardial infarction (AMI. However, few studies have assessed the effects of renal insufficiency in association with diabetes in the context of AMI. Here, we investigated the clinical outcomes according to the concomitance of renal dysfunction and diabetes mellitus in patients with AMI. Methods From November 2005 to August 2008, 9905 patients (63 ± 13 years; 70% men with AMI were enrolled in a nationwide prospective Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR and were categorized into 4 groups: Group I (n = 5700 had neither diabetes nor renal insufficiency (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, Group II (n = 1730 had diabetes but no renal insufficiency, Group III (n = 1431 had no diabetes but renal insufficiency, and Group IV (n = 1044 had both diabetes and renal insufficiency. The primary endpoints were major adverse cardiac events (MACE, including a composite of all cause-of-death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization, and coronary artery bypass graft after 1-year clinical follow-up. Results Primary endpoints occurred in 1804 (18.2% patients. There were significant differences in composite MACE among the 4 groups (Group I, 12.5%; Group II, 15.7%; Group III, 30.5%; Group IV, 36.5%; p p = 0.001; and HR, 2.42; 95% CI, 1.62-3.62; p Conclusions Renal insufficiency, especially in association with diabetes, is associated with the occurrence of composite MACE and indicates poor prognosis in patients with AMI. Categorization of patients with diabetes and/or renal insufficiency provides valuable information for early-risk stratification of AMI patients.

  19. Are serum leptin levels a prognostic factor in advanced lung cancer?

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    Anar, C; Deniz, D; Erol, S; Batum, O; Bicmen, C; Yilmaz, U

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate pre-treatment concentrations of leptin in patients with advanced lung cancer and to investigate possible associations between their levels and clinicopathological variables, response to therapy and overall survival. There are 71 previously untreated patients with cytological or histological evidence of primary lung cancer who were admitted to the oncology department between November 2013 and August 2014. Forty-five healthy individuals with age, sex and BMI matching the lung cancer patients, were recruited to take part in the study as a control group. Leptin levels were measured quantitatively by using a microELISA kit. The serum leptin levels at diagnosis were significantly lower in lung cancer patients than those in control subjects (4.75±4.91 ng/ml, 9.67±8.02 ng/ml; pleptin values related to clinicopathological parameters such as ECOG PS, weight loss, histological type, disease stage and TNM classification. Nevertheless, we demonstrated a significant correlation between serum leptin levels and BMI in lung cancer patients (correlation coefficient: 0.303; p>0.010). The analysis of serum leptin values did not show any association with the overall survival of the patients. Our results showed that the serum leptin level has no prognostic indications in advanced lung cancer patients. Leptin is decreased in lung cancer, and there is lack of correlation with tumour‑related factors including prognosis. Therefore, leptin is not a useful clinical marker in lung cancer (Tab. 2, Fig. 2, Ref. 22).

  20. Prognostic factors of the results of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a cardiology hospital

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    Ari Timerman

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze the early and late results of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a cardiology hospital and to try to detect prognostic determinants of both short- and long-term survival. METHODS: A series of 557 patients who suffered cardiorespiratory arrest (CRA at the Dante Pazzanese Cardiology Institute over a period of 5 years was analyzed to examine factors predicting successful resuscitation and long-term survival. RESULTS: Ressuscitation maneuvers were tried in 536 patients; 281 patients (52.4% died immediately, and 164 patients (30.6% survived for than 24 hours. The 87 patients who survived for more than 1 month after CRA were compared with nonsurvivors. Coronary disease, cardiomyopathy, and valvular disease had a better prognosis. Primary arrhythmia occurred in 73.5% of the >1-month survivor group and heart failure occurred in 12.6% of this group. In those patients in whom the initial mechanism of CRA was ventricular fibrillation, 33.3% survived for more than 1 month, but of those with ventricular asystole only 4.3% survived. None of the 10 patients with electromechanical dissociation survived. There was worse prognosis in patients included in the extreme age groups (zero to 10 years and 70 years or more. The best results occurred when the cardiac arrest took place in the catheterization laboratories. The worst results occurred in the intensive care unit and the hemodialysis room. CONCLUSION: The results in our series may serve as a helpful guide to physicians with the difficult task of deciding when not to resuscitate or when to stop resuscitation efforts.

  1. Is Free Testosterone Concentration a Prognostic Factor of Survival in Chronic Renal Failure (CRF)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niemczyk, Stanislaw; Niemczyk, Longin; Szamotulska, Katarzyna; Bartoszewicz, Zbigniew; Romejko-Ciepielewska, Katarzyna; Gomółka, Malgorzata; Saracyn, Marek; Matuszkiewicz-Rowińska, Joanna

    2015-11-07

    Lowered testosterone level in CRF patients is associated with elevated risk of death due to cardiovascular reasons, and is influenced by many factors, including acid-base balance disorders. evaluation of testoste-rone concentration (TT) and free testosterone concentration (fT) in pre-dialysis and dialysis patients; assessment of TT and fT relationships with biochemical parameters; evaluation of prognostic importance of TT and fT in predicting patient survival. 4 groups of men: 14 - on hemodialysis (HD), 13 - on peritoneal dialysis (PD), 9 - with chronic renal failure (CRF) and 8 - healthy (CG), aged 56±17, 53±15, 68±12, 43±10 years, respectively. TT and biochemical para-meters were measured; fT was calculated. The lowest TT and fT were observed in HD and CRF, the highest - in CG (p=0.035 for TT; p=0.007 for fT). fT in CRF and CG were different (p=0.031). TT and age was associated in HD (p=0.026). Age and fT was strongly associated in PD (pfree testosterone in decompensated acidosis was observed (ptrend=0.027). Such a trend was not seen for testosterone concentrations (ptrend=0.107). Total and free testosterone levels were lower in HD and pre-dialysis than in healthy patients. Free testost-erone level may predict long-term survival better than age. Total and free testosterone levels are lower in metabolic acidosis and total and free testosterone levels were positively associated with HCO3 level.

  2. Primary localization and tumor thickness as prognostic factors of survival in patients with mucosal melanoma.

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    Tarun Mehra

    Full Text Available Data on survival with mucosal melanoma and on prognostic factors of are scarce. It is still unclear if the disease course allows for mucosal melanoma to be treated as primary cutaneous melanoma or if differences in overall survival patterns require adapted therapeutic approaches. Furthermore, this investigation is the first to present 10-year survival rates for mucosal melanomas of different anatomical localizations.116 cases from Sep 10 1984 until Feb 15 2011 retrieved from the Comprehensive Cancer Center and of the Central Register of the German Dermatologic Society databases in Tübingen were included in our analysis. We recorded anatomical location and tumor thickness, and estimated overall survival at 2, 5 and 10 years and the mean overall survival time. Survival times were analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier method. The log-rank test was used to compare survival times by localizations and by T-stages.We found a median overall survival time of 80.9 months, with an overall 2-year survival of 71.7%, 5-year survival of 55.8% and 10-year survival of 38.3%. The 10-year survival rates for patients with T1, T2, T3 or T4 stage tumors were 100.0%, 77.9%, 66.3% and 10.6% respectively. 10-year survival of patients with melanomas of the vulva was 64.5% in comparison to 22.3% of patients with non-vulva mucosal melanomas.Survival times differed significantly between patients with melanomas of the vulva compared to the rest (p = 0.0006. It also depends on T-stage at the time of diagnosis (p < 0.0001.

  3. Q fever pneumonia in French Guiana: prevalence, risk factors, and prognostic score.

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    Epelboin, Loïc; Chesnais, Cédric; Boullé, Charlotte; Drogoul, Anne-Sophie; Raoult, Didier; Djossou, Félix; Mahamat, Aba

    2012-07-01

    Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the major manifestation of Q fever, an emerging disease in French Guiana. Consequently, the empirical antibiotherapy used for the treatment of CAP combines doxycycline and the recommended amoxicillin. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence of Q fever pneumonia and to build a prediction rule to identify patients with Q fever pneumonia for empirical antibiotic guidance. A retrospective case-control study was conducted on inpatients admitted with CAP in the Department of Infectious Diseases of Cayenne Hospital from 2004 to 2007. Serodiagnosis for Coxiella burnetii was performed for all patients. Risk factor analysis was performed using multivariate logistic regression, and a prognostic score was computed using bootstrap procedures. The score performance characteristics were used to choose the best prediction rule to identify patients with Q fever pneumonia. One hundred thirty-one patients with CAP were included and the Q fever pneumonia prevalence was 24.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 17.1-31.9). In multivariate analysis, male sex, middle age (age, 30-60 years), headache, leukocyte count 185 mg/L were independently associated with Q fever pneumonia. Patients with a predictive score ≤3 had a low risk of Q fever pneumonia with a negative predictive value of 0.97 (95% CI, .90-1) and a sensitivity of 0.97 (95% CI, .89-1). The prediction rule described here accurately identifies patients with low risk of Q fever pneumonia and may help physicians to make more rational decisions about the empirical use of antibiotherapy. Further prospective studies should be performed to validate this score.

  4. Highly aligned stromal collagen is a negative prognostic factor following pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drifka, Cole R; Loeffler, Agnes G; Mathewson, Kara; Keikhosravi, Adib; Eickhoff, Jens C; Liu, Yuming; Weber, Sharon M; Kao, W John; Eliceiri, Kevin W

    2016-11-15

    Risk factors for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) progression after surgery are unclear, and additional prognostic factors are needed to inform treatment regimens and therapeutic targets. PDAC is characterized by advanced sclerosis of the extracellular matrix, and interactions between cancer cells, fibrillar collagen, and other stromal components play an integral role in progression. Changes in stromal collagen alignment have been shown to modulate cancer cell behavior and have important clinical value in other cancer types, but little is known about its role in PDAC and prognostic value. We hypothesized that the alignment of collagen is associated with PDAC patient survival. To address this, pathology-confirmed tissues from 114 PDAC patients that underwent curative-intent surgery were retrospectively imaged with Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) microscopy, quantified with fiber segmentation algorithms, and correlated to patient survival. The same tissue regions were analyzed for epithelial-to-mesenchymal (EMT), α-SMA, and syndecan-1 using complimentary immunohistostaining and visualization techniques. Significant inter-tumoral variation in collagen alignment was found, and notably high collagen alignment was observed in 12% of the patient cohort. Stratification of patients according to collagen alignment revealed that high alignment is an independent negative factor following PDAC resection (p = 0.0153, multivariate). We also found that epithelial expression of EMT and the stromal expression of α-SMA and syndecan-1 were positively correlated with collagen alignment. In summary, stromal collagen alignment may provide additional, clinically-relevant information about PDAC tumors and underscores the importance of stroma-cancer interactions.

  5. Symptoms of depression as a prognostic factor for low back pain: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinheiro, Marina B; Ferreira, Manuela L; Refshauge, Kathryn; Maher, Christopher G; Ordoñana, Juan R; Andrade, Tude B; Tsathas, Alexandros; Ferreira, Paulo H

    2016-01-01

    It has been proposed that depression plays an important role in the course of low back pain; however, there is considerable uncertainty on its predictive value. This systematic review aims to investigate the effect of depression on the course of acute and subacute low back pain. This is a systematic review. We searched the following databases using optimized search strategies: AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, Health & Society Database, LILACS, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science. We only included prospective studies that investigated a cohort of participants with acute or subacute non-specific low back pain (pain of less than 12 weeks' duration). The prognostic factor of interest was depression or symptoms of depression assessed at baseline. The outcomes of interest included pain intensity, chronicity (non-recovery from low back pain), disability, return to work, health-related quality of life, and overall patient satisfaction. Two independent reviewers selected the studies, extracted the data, and assessed the methodological quality of the studies that were included. This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. The authors declare no conflicts of interest-associated biases. Seventeen articles reporting 13 cohort studies were included in this review. There was considerable variability between studies in terms of the method of assessment of depression and low back pain, statistical methods, and follow-up length, which precluded the quantitative synthesis of the results. Definition of outcomes varied across studies, but overall they could be divided into work-related outcome measures, followed by disability, pain, self-perceived recovery, and mixed outcomes. Eleven out of 17 articles (or 8 out of 13 cohorts) reported that symptoms of depression at baseline are related to worse low back pain outcomes (measured in various ways) at follow-up, and the effect sizes (odds ratio [OR]) ranged from 1

  6. SOX4 is a potential prognostic factor in human cancers: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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    Chen, J; Ju, H L; Yuan, X Y; Wang, T J; Lai, B Q

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the this study was to analyze the status of sex-determining region Y-related high-mobility group box 4 (SOX4) expression in varied human cancers and its correlation with overall survival in patients with human cancers. To observe initially the expression status of SOX4 in twenty kinds of human cancers at protein database (The Human Protein Atlas). We systematically and carefully searched the studies from electronic databases and seriously identified according to eligibility criteria. The correlation between SOX4 expression and overall survival in human cancers was evaluated through Review Manager. We found that SOX4 expression was significantly positive in most types of human cancer tissues, and the positive rate of SOX4 expression was about 78 % in overall cancer tissues. Furthermore, a total of 10 studies which included 1348 cancer patients were included in the final analysis. Meta-analysis showed that SOX4 overexpression was correlated with a poor overall survival and the pooled hazard ratio (HR), and corresponding 95 % confidence interval (CI) was 1.67 (95 % CI 1.01-2.78). From subgroup analyses, we present evidence that SOX4 overexpression was an unfavorable prognostic factor for colorectal cancer patients' recurrence-free survival and gastric cancer patients' overall survival, and the pooled HRs (95 % CI) were 1.73 (95 % CI 1.04-2.88) and 3.74 (95 % CI 1.04-13.45), respectively. In summary, SOX4 is a potential prognostic biomarker in human cancers.

  7. Survival and prognostic factors for hepatocellular carcinoma: an Egyptian multidisciplinary clinic experience.

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    Abdelaziz, Ashraf Omar; Elbaz, Tamer Mahmoud; Shousha, Hend Ibrahim; Ibrahim, Mostafa Mohamed; Rahman El-Shazli, Mostafa Abdel; Abdelmaksoud, Ahmed Hosni; Aziz, Omar Abdel; Zaki, Hisham Atef; Elattar, Inas Anwar; Nabeel, Mohamed Mahmoud

    2014-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a dismal tumor with a high incidence, prevalence and poor prognosis and survival. Management of HCC necessitates multidisciplinary clinics due to the wide heterogeneity in its presentation, different therapeutic options, variable biologic behavior and background presence of chronic liver disease. We studied the different prognostic factors that affected survival of our patients to improve future HCC management and patient survival. This study is performed in a specialized multidisciplinary clinic for HCC in Kasr El Eini Hospital, Cairo University, Egypt. We retrospectively analyzed the different patient and tumor characteristics and the primary mode of management applied to our patients. Further analysis was performed using univariate and multivariate statistics. During the period February 2009 till February 2013, 290 HCC patients presented to our multidisciplinary clinic. They were predominantly males and the mean age was 56.5 ± 7.7 years. All cases developed HCC on top of cirrhosis that was mainly due to HCV (71%). Most of our patients were Child-Pugh A (50%) or B (36.9%) and commonly presented with small single lesions. Transarterial chemoembolization was the most common line of treatment used (32.4%). The overall survival was 79.9% at 6 months, 54.5% at 1 year and 22.4% at 2 years. Serum bilirubin, site of the tumor and type of treatment were the significant independent prognostic factors for survival. Our main prognostic variables are the bilirubin level, the bilobar hepatic affection and the application of specific treatment (either curative or palliative). Multidisciplinary clinics enhance better HCC management.

  8. Mycosis fungoides with large cell transformation: clinicopathological features and prognostic factors.

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    Pulitzer, Melissa; Myskowski, Patricia L; Horwitz, Steven M; Querfeld, Christiane; Connolly, Brian; Li, Janet; Murali, Rajmohan

    2014-12-01

    Large cell transformation of mycosis fungoides (MF-LCT) occurs in 20-50% of advanced MF, and is generally associated with poor prognosis, although some patients have indolent disease. We sought to identify clinicopathological prognostic factors in a large number of patients with MF-LCT.We identified patients with MF-LCT treated between 1991 and 2012 at a referral centre for cutaneous lymphoma. Clinical and pathological records, and histopathological slides were reviewed. Associations of clinicopathological variables with disease-specific survival were analysed.In 51 patients with MF-LCT, factors significantly associated with shorter survival were: age >60 years (25 versus 61  months, p = 0.01), stage III/IV (25 versus 44  months, p = 0.049), high serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; 24 versus 53  months, p = 0.007), absent papillary dermal involvement (8 versus 30  months, p = 0.008); follicular mucin at transformation (24 versus 42  months, p = 0.007); and the absence of fibrosis at transformation (21 versus 42  months, p = 0.03). Patients presenting with transformation at diagnosis had better survival than those who started with a small cell phenotype (p = 0.02). Age >60 years was independently associated with poorer survival (HR 5.61, 95%CI 1.17-26.8, p = 0.03), and the presence of fibrosis at transformation was independently associated with improved survival (HR 0.30, 95%CI 0.09-0.97, p = 0.045).In patients with MF-LCT, clinical features (age, stage, serum LDH) are important in assessing prognosis. Additional clinical and pathological features identified in this study may also assist in prognostic stratification. Studies of larger cohorts should be performed to validate the prognostic significance of these features.

  9. Prognostic factors in left-sided endocarditis: results from the andalusian multicenter cohort

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    de la Torre-Lima Javier

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite medical advances, mortality in infective endocarditis (IE is still very high. Previous studies on prognosis in IE have observed conflicting results. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of in-hospital mortality in a large multicenter cohort of left-sided IE. Methods An observational multicenter study was conducted from January 1984 to December 2006 in seven hospitals in Andalusia, Spain. Seven hundred and five left-side IE patients were included. The main outcome measure was in-hospital mortality. Several prognostic factors were analysed by univariate tests and then by multilogistic regression model. Results The overall mortality was 29.5% (25.5% from 1984 to 1995 and 31.9% from 1996 to 2006; Odds Ratio 1.25; 95% Confidence Interval: 0.97-1.60; p = 0.07. In univariate analysis, age, comorbidity, especially chronic liver disease, prosthetic valve, virulent microorganism such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae and fungi, and complications (septic shock, severe heart failure, renal insufficiency, neurologic manifestations and perivalvular extension were related with higher mortality. Independent factors for mortality in multivariate analysis were: Charlson comorbidity score (OR: 1.2; 95% CI: 1.1-1.3, prosthetic endocarditis (OR: 1.9; CI: 1.2-3.1, Staphylococcus aureus aetiology (OR: 2.1; CI: 1.3-3.5, severe heart failure (OR: 5.4; CI: 3.3-8.8, neurologic manifestations (OR: 1.9; CI: 1.2-2.9, septic shock (OR: 4.2; CI: 2.3-7.7, perivalvular extension (OR: 2.4; CI: 1.3-4.5 and acute renal failure (OR: 1.69; CI: 1.0-2.6. Conversely, Streptococcus viridans group etiology (OR: 0.4; CI: 0.2-0.7 and surgical treatment (OR: 0.5; CI: 0.3-0.8 were protective factors. Conclusions Several characteristics of left-sided endocarditis enable selection of a patient group at higher risk of mortality. This group may benefit from more specialised attention in referral centers and should help to identify those

  10. Fatores prognósticos nas síndromes mielodisplásicas Prognostic factors for myelodysplastic syndromes

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    Alexandre G. Apa

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available As síndromes mielodisplásicas compreendem um conjunto heterogêneo de doenças hematopoéticas que se caracterizam por hematopoese ineficaz e se apresentam geralmente com citopenias no sangue periférico, medula óssea hipercelular e displasia na diferenciação celular. Vários fatores clínicos e laboratoriais foram analisados como prognósticos. O objetivo dessa revisão é analisar os sistemas prognósticos avaliando sobrevida global e abordagem terapêutica. A avaliação do sistema WPSS, que alia grupos de riscos citogenéticos e a presença ou não de dependência transfusional define cinco grupos de riscos com diferença estatística em termos de sobrevida global e risco de transformação leucêmica. A proposta formulada é a avaliação do sistema WPSS como sistema prognóstico capaz de substituir o IPSS a fim de melhor definir os grupos de risco e diferentes abordagens terapêuticas.The myelodysplastic syndromes represent a heterogeneous group of haematopoietic disorders characterized by ineffective haematopoiesis, peripheral cytopenias, hypercellular bone marrow and dysplastic haematopoiesis. Several laboratory and clinical features have been analysed as prognostic factors. The aim of this review is to evaluate the prognostic scoring systems focusing on overall survival and therapeutic approach. The WPSS evaluation includes both cytogenetic risk groups and transfusional necessities. It has five well-defined risk groups with statistical divergences related to overall survival and leukemic transformation risk. Our proposal is to evaluate the WPSS as a prognostic scoring system able to replace the IPSS, in order to establish a better definition of the risk groups and the different therapeutic approaches.

  11. Expression and Prognostic Significance of Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptors 1, 2 and 3 in Periampullary Adenocarcinoma.

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    Jacob Elebro

    Full Text Available Periampullary adenocarcinoma, including pancreatic cancer, is a heterogeneous group of tumours with dismal prognosis, for which there is an urgent need to identify novel treatment strategies. The human epithelial growth factor receptors EGFR, HER2 and HER3 have been studied in several tumour types, and HER-targeting drugs have a beneficial effect on survival in selected types of cancer. However, these effects have not been evident in pancreatic cancer, and remain unexplored in other types of periampullary cancer. The prognostic impact of HER-expression in these cancers also remains unclear. The aim of this study was therefore to examine the expression and prognostic value of EGFR, HER2 and HER3 in periampullary cancer, with particular reference to histological subtype. To this end, protein expression of EGFR, HER2 and HER3, and HER2 gene amplification was assessed by immunohistochemistry and silver in situ hybridization, respectively, on tissue microarrays with tumours from 175 periampullary adenocarcinomas, with follow-up data on recurrence-free survival (RFS and overall survival (OS for up to 5 years. EGFR expression was similar in pancreatobiliary (PB and intestinal (I type tumours, but high HER2 and HER3 expression was significantly more common in I-type tumours. In PB-type cases receiving adjuvant gemcitabine, but not in untreated cases, high EGFR expression was significantly associated with a shorter OS and RFS, with a significant treatment interaction in relation to OS (pinteraction = 0.042. In I-type cases, high EGFR expression was associated with a shorter OS and RFS in univariable, but not in multivariable, analysis. High HER3 expression was associated with a prolonged RFS in univariable, but not in multivariable, analysis. Neither HER2 protein expression nor gene amplification was prognostic. The finding of a potential interaction between the expression of EGFR and response to adjuvant chemotherapy in PB-type tumours needs validation

  12. Clinical characteristics of Pneumocystis pneumonia in non-HIV patients and prognostic factors including microbiological genotypes

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    Ito Yutaka

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The number of patients with non-HIV Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP is increasing with widespread immunosuppressive treatment. We investigated the clinical characteristics of non-HIV PCP and its association with microbiological genotypes. Methods Between January 2005 and March 2010, all patients in 2 university hospitals who had been diagnosed with PCP by PCR were enrolled in this study. Retrospective chart review of patients, microbiological genotypes, and association with 30-day mortality were examined. Results Of the 82 adult patients investigated, 50 patients (61% had inflammatory diseases, 17 (21% had solid malignancies, 12 (15% had hematological malignancies, and 6 (7% had received transplantations. All patients received immunosuppressive agents or antitumor chemotherapeutic drugs. Plasma (1→3 β-D-glucan levels were elevated in 80% of patients, and were significantly reduced after treatment in both survivors and non-survivors. However, β-D-glucan increased in 18% of survivors and was normal in only 33% after treatment. Concomitant invasive pulmonary aspergillosis was detected in 5 patients. Fifty-six respiratory samples were stored for genotyping. A dihydropteroate synthase mutation associated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance was found in only 1 of the 53 patients. The most prevalent genotype of mitochondrial large-subunit rRNA was genotype 1, followed by genotype 4. The most prevalent genotype of internal transcribed spacers of the nuclear rRNA operon was Eb, followed by Eg and Bi. Thirty-day mortality was 24%, in which logistic regression analysis revealed association with serum albumin and mechanical ventilation, but no association with genotypes. Conclusions In non-HIV PCP, poorer general and respiratory conditions at diagnosis were independent predictors of mortality. β-D-glucan may not be useful for monitoring the response to treatment, and genotypes were not associated with mortality.

  13. Angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis as prognostic factors after therapy in patients with cervical cancer.

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    Biedka, Marta; Makarewicz, Roman; Kopczyńska, Ewa; Marszałek, Andrzej; Goralewska, Alina; Kardymowicz, Hanna

    2012-01-01

    This retrospective study attempts to evaluate the influence of serum vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C), microvessel density (MVD) and lymphatic vessel density (LMVD) on the result of tumour treatment in women with cervical cancer. The research was carried out in a group of 58 patients scheduled for brachytherapy for cervical cancer. All women were patients of the Department and University Hospital of Oncology and Brachytherapy, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. VEGF-C was determined by means of a quantitative sandwich enzyme immunoassay using a human antibody VEGF-C ELISA produced by Bender MedSystem, enzyme-linked immunosorbent detecting the activity of human VEGF-C in body fluids. The measure for the intensity of angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in immunohistochemical reactions is the number of blood vessels within the tumour. Statistical analysis was done using Statistica 6.0 software (StatSoft, Inc. 2001). The Cox proportional hazards model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses. Univariate analysis of overall survival was performed as outlined by Kaplan and Meier. In all statistical analyses p < 0.05 (marked red) was taken as significant. In 51 patients who showed up for follow-up examination, the influence of the factors of angiogenesis, lymphangiogenesis, patients' age and the level of haemoglobin at the end of treatment were assessed. Selected variables, such as patients' age, lymph vessel density (LMVD), microvessel density (MVD) and the level of haemoglobin (Hb) before treatment were analysed by means of Cox logical regression as potential prognostic factors for lymph node invasion. The observed differences were statistically significant for haemoglobin level before treatment and the platelet number after treatment. The study revealed the following prognostic factors: lymph node status, FIGO stage, and kind of treatment. No statistically significant influence of angiogenic and

  14. Prognostic factors in chordoma of the sacrum and mobile spine: a study of 39 patients.

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    Bergh, P; Kindblom, L G; Gunterberg, B; Remotti, F; Ryd, W; Meis-Kindblom, J M

    2000-05-01

    The prognosis of patients with chordoma of the sacrum and mobile spine has been reported to be dismal and attributable in the majority of cases to intralesional surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of these patients using modern surgical principles aimed at complete resection and to identify prognostic factors. The clinical and morphologic features, type of surgery, and follow-up of 39 consecutive patients with chordoma were reviewed and analyzed statistically. Thirty sacral and 9 mobile spine chordomas (size range, 3-20 cm; mean, 8 cm) occurring in 22 women and 17 men (median age, 55 years) were analyzed. The preoperative morphologic diagnosis was based on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy, core needle biopsy, or incisional biopsy. The final surgical margins were wide in 23 patients and marginal or intralesional in 16. The mean follow-up was 8.1 years (range, 0.1-23 years). Seventeen patients (44%) developed local recurrences and 11 patients (28%) developed metastases. The estimated 5-, 10-, 15-, and 20-year survival rates were 84%, 64%, 52%, and 52%, respectively. Local recurrence was associated significantly with an increased risk of metastasis and tumor-related death (P 5%, and local recurrence were found to be adverse prognostic factors. FNA is the preferred method for establishing the preoperative morphologic diagnosis of chordoma.

  15. Prognostic factors of short-term outcomes of intravitreal ranibizumab in diabetic macular edema

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, I-An; Hsu, Wei-Cherng; Yang, Chung-May; Hsieh, Yi-Ting

    2017-01-01

    AIM To evaluate the prognostic factors for short-term visual and anatomical improvement of intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) for diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS Fifty-one eyes from 35 patients that received three consecutive monthly IVR for DME with moderate visual loss were retrospectively recruited; all cases had their baseline best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) between 20/400 and 20/40. BCVA and central subfield thickness (CST) at baseline and month 3 were collected. Linear mixed models were used to evaluate the prognostic factors for visual and anatomical improvement at month 3. RESULTS Younger age, poorer baseline BCVA and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) were correlated with better visual improvement at month 3 (P=0.002, 0.0001 and 0.007, respectively). Thicker CST and the presence of subretinal fluid at baseline were correlated with a greater reduction in CST (P0.05 for both). CONCLUSION For eyes with DME and moderate visual loss, those with younger age, poorer baseline BCVA or PDR tend to have better visual improvement after three consecutive monthly IVR. Epiretinal membrane or previous PSTA result in less resolution of CST, but do not significantly affect visual improvement. PMID:28546935

  16. Retrospective Analysis of Arthroscopic Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior Repair: Prognostic Factors Associated with Failure

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    Rachel M. Frank

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The purpose of this study was to report on any prognostic factors that had a significant effect on clinical outcomes following arthroscopic Type II SLAP repairs. Methods. Consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic Type II SLAP repair were retrospectively identified and invited to return for follow-up examination and questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed to determine associations between potential prognostic factors and failure of SLAP repair as defined by ASES of less than 50 and/or revision surgery. Results. Sixty-two patients with an average age of years met the study criteria with a mean followup of 3.3 years. There were statistically significant improvements in mean ASES score, forward elevation, and external rotation among patients. Significant associations were identified between ASES score less than 50 and age greater than 40 years; alcohol/tobacco use; coexisting diabetes; pain in the bicipital groove on examination; positive O’Brien’s, Speed’s, and/or Yergason’s tests; and high levels of lifting required at work. There was a significant improvement in ASES at final followup. Conclusions. Patients younger than 20 and overhead throwers had significant associations with cases requiring revision surgery. The results from this study may be used to assist in patient selection for SLAP surgery.

  17. VDR mRNA overexpression is associated with worse prognostic factors in papillary thyroid carcinoma

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    June Young Choi

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between vitamin D receptor gene (VDR expression and prognostic factors in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC. mRNA sequencing and somatic mutation data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA were analyzed. VDR mRNA expression was compared to clinicopathologic variables by linear regression. Tree-based classification was applied to find cutoff and patients were split into low and high VDR group. Logistic regression, Kaplan–Meier analysis, differentially expressed gene (DEG test and pathway analysis were performed to assess the differences between two VDR groups. VDR mRNA expression was elevated in PTC than that in normal thyroid tissue. VDR expressions were high in classic and tall-cell variant PTC and lateral neck node metastasis was present. High VDR group was also associated with classic and tall cell subtype, AJCC stage IV and lower recurrence-free survival. DEG test reveals that 545 genes were upregulated in high VDR group. Thyroid cancer-related pathways were enriched in high VDR group in pathway analyses. VDR mRNA overexpression was correlated with worse prognostic factors such as subtypes of papillary thyroid carcinoma that are known to be worse prognosis, lateral neck node metastasis, advanced stage and recurrence-free survival.

  18. Liver metastasis is the only independent prognostic factor in AFP-producing gastric cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirajima, Shoji; Komatsu, Shuhei; Ichikawa, Daisuke; Kubota, Takeshi; Okamoto, Kazuma; Shiozaki, Atsushi; Fujiwara, Hitoshi; Konishi, Hirotaka; Ikoma, Hisashi; Otsuji, Eigo

    2013-09-28

    To investigate differences between common gastric cancer and α-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing gastric cancer according to the presence or absence of liver metastasis. Between 1997 and 2011, 1299 patients underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer (GC) at our institute and their hospital records were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were immunohistochemically divided into two groups: 23 patients (1.8%) with AFP-producing GC and 1276 patients (98.2%) without it. AFP-producing GC patients had a significantly higher incidence of deeper tumors, venous invasion, lymphatic invasion, lymph node metastasis, and liver metastasis and a poorer prognosis (P AFP-producing GC. However, multivariate analysis revealed that AFP-positivity was not an independent prognostic factor. The prognosis of AFP-producing GC was similar to that of AFP-non producing GC according to the presence or absence of liver metastasis. Concerning recurrence, 47.8% of patients (11/23) with AFP-producing GC and 20.0% of patients (256/1276) without AFP-producing GC exhibited recurrence. Liver metastasis [90.9% (10/11)] was the most prevalent in AFP-producing GC patients. Multivariate analysis revealed that liver metastasis was the only independent prognostic factor in AFP-producing GC (HR = 17.6, 95%CI: 2.1-147.1; P = 0.0081). AFP-producing GC is similar to common GC without liver metastasis, which should be specifically targeted in an effort to improve the prognosis of AFP-producing GC patients.

  19. Efficacy of Adjuvant Chemotherapy and Prognostic Factors for Patients with Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hee Seung; Lee, Sang Hoon; Roh, Yun Ho; Chung, Moon Jae; Park, Jeong Youp; Park, Seung Woo; Song, Si Young; Chung, Jae Bok; Bang, Seungmin

    2016-01-01

    Surgical resection is the only curative treatment for extrahepatic bile duct cancer. Additionally, the recurrence rate after curative surgery is relatively high, requiring adjuvant therapy. However, the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy compared with surgery alone has not yet been clarified. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy and identify prognostic factors influencing survival in extrahepatic bile duct cancer patients who underwent curative surgical resection. Ninety-seven patients with extrahepatic bile duct cancer who underwent curative resection between January 2005 and December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 97 patients, 31 underwent adjuvant chemotherapy and 66 did not. The 5-year overall survival rate was 34% for patients who underwent adjuvant chemotherapy. There was no significant difference for overall survival between patients who underwent adjuvant chemotherapy and those who did not (p = 0.228). On multivariate analysis, postoperative carbohydrate antigen 19-9 levels and histologic grade were independent prognostic factors related to long-term survival (p chemotherapy did not improve survival after surgical resection for extrahepatic bile duct cancer. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  20. Survival and prognostic factors for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma after stereotactic ablative radiotherapy.

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    Cheng-Hsiang Lo

    Full Text Available To evaluate the survival outcomes and prognostic factors of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC who underwent stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR.This retrospective study evaluated patients with advanced HCC who underwent SABR between December 2007 and July 2015. All patients had Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C disease and Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP class A-B function. In-field control (IFC, overall survival (OS, prognostic factors, and toxicity were evaluated.In this study of 89 patients, the 3-year IFC rate was 78.1%, and the 1-year and 3-year OS rates were 45.9% and 24.3%, respectively. The multivariate analysis revealed that CTP class, the presence of main portal vein tumor thrombosis, and the presence of extrahepatic spread were independent predictors of OS. The expected median OS values among patients with ≥2, 1, and 0 predictors were 4.2, 8.6, and 26.4 months, respectively (p <0.001.SABR may be useful for patients with advanced HCC, and patient selection could be based on the CTP classification, main portal vein tumor thrombosis, and extrahepatic spread.

  1. Prognostic factors of motor impairment, disability, and quality of life in newly diagnosed PD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velseboer, Daan C; Broeders, Mark; Post, Bart; van Geloven, Nan; Speelman, Johannes D; Schmand, Ben; de Haan, Rob J; de Bie, Rob M A

    2013-02-12

    In Parkinson disease (PD), the rate of clinical progression is highly variable. To date, there are conflicting findings concerning the prognostic factors influencing the rate of progression. Methodologic issues such as the use of selected patients from therapeutic trials, and short durations of follow-up probably underlie this problem. We therefore designed a prospective follow-up study of a cohort of newly diagnosed patients with PD. A cohort of 129 patients with newly diagnosed PD was assessed at baseline, and 1, 2, 3, and 5 years later. The rate of progression and its prognostic factors on the level of motor impairments, disability, and quality of life were investigated using linear mixed-model analysis. Annual increase of motor impairments measured with the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-Motor Examination was estimated to be 2.46 points (95% confidence interval: 2.05-2.88). The main determinants of faster increase of motor impairments were male sex and cognitive dysfunction at the time of diagnosis. The main determinants of faster increase of disability were higher age at onset, cognitive dysfunction, and the presence of levodopa-nonresponsive motor symptoms at the time of diagnosis. No clinically relevant determinants were found for the decrease in quality of life. This study shows the importance of nondopaminergic symptoms at the time of diagnosis, because these symptoms are the main determinants of increased disability in the first 5 years of the disease.

  2. Met expression is an independent prognostic risk factor in patients with oesophageal adenocarcinoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.B. Tuynman; S.M. Lagarde (Sjoerd); F.J.W. ten Kate (Fiebo); D.J. Richel (Dirk); J.J.B. van Lanschot (Jan)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractOesophageal adenocarcinoma is an aggressive malignancy with propensity for early lymphatic and haematogenous dissemination. Since conventional TNM staging does not provide accurate prognostic information, novel molecular prognostic markers and potential therapeutic targets are subject of

  3. Met expression is an independent prognostic risk factor in patients with oesophageal adenocarcinoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tuynman, J. B.; Lagarde, S. M.; ten Kate, F. J. W.; Richel, D. J.; van Lanschot, J. J. B.

    2008-01-01

    Oesophageal adenocarcinoma is an aggressive malignancy with propensity for early lymphatic and haematogenous dissemination. Since conventional TNM staging does not provide accurate prognostic information, novel molecular prognostic markers and potential therapeutic targets are subject of intense

  4. Using prognostic factors from case series and cohort studies to identify individuals with poor long-term outcomes during periodontal maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fardal, Øystein; Grytten, Jostein; Martin, John; Houlihan, Ciara; Heasman, Peter

    2016-09-01

    The accuracy of applying prognostic factors to individual patients is uncertain. The aim was to apply prognostic factors from several outcome studies (case series and cohort) to identify: (1) patients who lost a tooth/teeth during periodontal maintenance; (2) patients who were non-responding to treatment; (3) patients needing re-treatment during periodontal maintenance. In addition, tooth loss was related to initial prognosis and it was determined which of the prognostic factors were also risk factors. Chi squared analysis was carried out for the outcomes of patients with-, and without prognostic factors. Significance level was set at p ≤ 0.05. Sensitivity and specificity was calculated for patients with and without prognostic factors. The prognostic factors only identified a small proportion of patients who lost teeth (34-38%). Combining the prognostic factors resulted in a lower accuracy. A higher proportion of patients with no prognostic factors lost teeth (53.8-96.2%). The chance of identifying a non-responding patient based on family history was 5.9%, for stress 32.4%, and for heavy smoking 8.7%. Significantly more patients (29/40 , χ² = 16.2 p periodontal diseases. Applying prognostic factors to identify individual patients with poor long-term outcomes is associated with low accuracy. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Calpain-1 Expression in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: A Potential Prognostic Factor Independent of the Proliferative/Apoptotic Index

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    Shadia M. Al-Bahlani

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC is an aggressive type of breast cancer in which calpain system plays an important role in its cellular processes including apoptosis and proliferation. Although such roles have been assessed in tumor pathogenesis, the correlation of its expression to the proliferating/apoptotic index has not been studied yet. Immunohistochemical staining of calpain-1 was performed on paraffin-embedded tissues to correlate its expression with clinicopathological variables and outcome. The proliferation activity was determined by calculating the percentage of cells expressing the Ki-67 antigen. The apoptotic index was assessed morphologically and biochemically using Haematoxylin & Eosin method and Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay, respectively. Calpain-1 was significantly expressed in TNBC tissues varying from low to high with a significant correlation to lymph node status but not with the other clinicopathological variables, suggesting its role as a prognostic factor. In addition, a positive correlation was found between both apoptotic counts assays (P<0.001, r=0.547 as well as with proliferation (P=0.045. Calpain-1 expression had no significant correlation with either proliferation (P=0.29 or apoptotic indices (P=0.071 and P=0.100. Determining calpain-1 expression may provide relevant prognostic value for TNBC cancer patients.

  6. Copeptin is an independent prognostic factor for transplant-free survival in cirrhosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerbert, Annarein J C; Weil, Delphine; Verspaget, Hein W; Moréno, José-Philippe; van Hoek, Bart; Cervoni, Jean-Paul; Di Martino, Vincent; Coenraad, Minneke J; Thevenot, Thierry

    2016-04-01

    Copeptin is a stable cleavage product of the arginine vasopressin (AVP) precursor and is equimolarly secreted with AVP. Copeptin is currently considered a reliable prognostic marker in a wide variety of diseases other than cirrhosis. We aimed to investigate the association between severity of cirrhosis and copeptin concentrations and to confirm whether copeptin is of prognostic significance in cirrhosis. One hundred and eighty-four cirrhotic patients hospitalized in two tertiary referral centres were studied. Serum copeptin was measured in samples obtained at hospital admission. Differences in serum copeptin between Child-Pugh classes were evaluated using the Kruskal-Wallis test. Cox proportional hazard regression and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to evaluate associations of copeptin and other possible prognostic factors with 6- and 12-month mortality. Median serum copeptin (interquartile range) increased significantly through Child-Pugh classes A [5.4 (3.1-10.7) pmol/L], B [9.6 (6.0-17.3) pmol/L] and C [13.8 (5.8-34.1) pmol/L, P copeptin >12.3 pmol/L displayed significantly higher mortality rates at 6 and 12 months as compared to those with serum copeptin ≤12.3 pmol/L (Log-rank test: P copeptin >12.3 pmol/L was significantly associated with mortality, particularly at 6 months, independently of age, clinical parameters and Model for End stage Liver Disease (MELD), MELD-sodium and Child-Pugh score. Serum copeptin concentration increases significantly along with the severity of cirrhosis as defined by the Child-Pugh classification. A high serum copeptin concentration predicts survival, particularly at 6 months, independently of liver-specific scoring systems in a heterogeneous population of hospitalized cirrhotic patients. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Absolute lymphocyte count: a potential prognostic factor for Merkel cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Matthew E; Zhu, Fang; Li, Tianyu; Wu, Hong; Galloway, Thomas J; Farma, Jeffrey M; Perlis, Clifford S; Turaka, Aruna

    2014-06-01

    Absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) is a laboratory value commonly obtained during workup of patients with Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). We report the prognostic impact of ALC as a surrogate of immune status in MCC. A complete blood cell count was available for 64 patients with MCC in the month before definitive surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation. Statistical analysis was performed with classification and regression tree analysis, log rank test, and Cox model. Median overall survival (OS) for the cohort was 97 months. Median OS for patients with an ALC less than 1.1 k/mm(3) was 18.8 versus 110.1 months for those with ALC greater than or equal to 1.1 k/mm(3) (P = .002, hazard ratio 0.29). Multivariate analysis of OS controlling for ALC, sex, stage, adjuvant chemotherapy, hematologic malignancy, and immunosuppression demonstrated ALC as a prognostic factor (P = .03). Disease-free survival at 36 months for ALC less than 1.1 k/mm(3) was 26.9% versus 64.4% for those with ALC greater than or equal to 1.1 k/mm(3) (P = .01). ALC was not a significant predictor for disease-free survival on multivariate analysis (P = .12). This is a single-institution retrospective data set. ALC is associated with OS but not disease-free survival in MCC using a threshold of less than 1.1 k/mm(3). This test may provide additional prognostic information for patients with MCC. Copyright © 2014 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. PTIP associated protein 1, PA1, is an independent prognostic factor for lymphnode negative breast cancer.

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    Takashi Takeshita

    Full Text Available Pax transactivation domain interacting protein (PTIP associated protein 1, PA1, was a newly found protein participating in the modulation of transactivity of nuclear receptor super family members such as estrogen receptor (ER, androgen receptor (AR and glucocorticoid receptor (GR. Breast cancer is one of the most life threatening diseases for women and has tight association with estrogen and ER. This study was performed to understand the function of PA1 in breast cancer. The expression of PA1 had been evaluated in a total of 344 primary invasive breast cancer samples and examined the relationship with clinical output, relapse free survival (RFS, breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS. PA1 expression was observed in both nucleus and cytoplasm, however, appeared mainly in nuclear. PA1 nuclear expression was correlated with postmenopausal (P = 0.0097, smaller tumor size (P = 0.0025, negative Ki67 (P = 0.02, positive AR (P = 0.049 and positive ERβ (P = 0.0020. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated PA1 nuclear positive cases seemed to have a longer survival than negative ones for RFS (P = 0.023 but not for BCSS (P = 0.23. In the Cox hazards model, PA1 nuclear protein expression proved to be a significant prognostic univariate parameter for RFS (P = 0.03, but not for BCSS (P = 0.20. In addition, for those patients without lymphnode metastasis PA1 was found to be an independent prognostic factor for RFS (P = 0.025, which was verified by univariate and multivariate analyses. These investigations suggested PA1 expression could be a potential prognostic indicator for RFS in breast cancer.

  9. Evaluation of Prognostic Factors Following Flow-Cytometric DNA Analysis after Cytokeratin Labelling: II. Cervical and Endometrial Cancer

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    Pauline Wimberger

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available In gynecologic oncology valid prognostic factors are necessary to define biologically similar subgroups for analysis of therapeutic efficacy. This study is the first published prospective study concerning prognostic significance of DNA ploidy and S‐phase fraction in cervical and endometrial cancer following enrichment of tumor cells by cytokeratin labelling. Epithelial cells were labeled by FITC‐conjugated cytokeratin antibody (CK 5, 6, 8, and CK 17 prior to flow cytometric cell cycle analysis in 91 specimens of cervical cancer and 73 samples of endometrial cancer. In cervical cancer neither DNA‐ploidy nor S‐phase fraction were relevant prognostic parameters. But CV of the G0G1‐peak showed prognostic relevance in cervical cancer cells, even in multivariate analysis. This interesting observation, however, seems to have no therapeutic consequence due to the small discrimination capacity of CV. In endometrial carcinoma, gross DNA‐aneuploidy (DNA‐index > 1.3 and a high percentage of proliferating cells (>75th percentile were univariate and multivariate highly significant prognostic factors for recurrence‐free survival. Especially DNA‐aneuploidy (DI>1.3 is one of the most important independent molecular biological prognostic factors. While diagnostic curettage we could identify risk patients even preoperatively by determination of the prognostic factors like histologic tumor type, grading, cervical involvement and DNA‐ploidy. Thereby these patients could be treated primarily in an oncologic center. In conclusion, our investigations showed that the determination of DNA‐ploidy should be done in endometrial carcinoma. In cervical cancer no clinical significance for determination of DNA‐parameters was found.

  10. Advanced non-small cell lung cancer in patients aged 45 years or younger: outcomes and prognostic factors

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    Hsu Chia-Lin

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Lung cancer in young patients (less or equal to 45 years is uncommon and has clinical characteristics different from that in older patients. We investigated the outcomes and prognostic factors of young patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC. Methods From January 2000 to December 2009, we enrolled patients aged ≤45 years and diagnosed with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC. Their clinical data, including age, gender, performance status, histologic types, disease stages, laboratory data at diagnosis, treatment modalities, and survival were reviewed and analyzed. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to calculate the hazard ratio (HR and its 95% confidence interval (CI. Results A total of 144 patients with advanced NSCLC were included. Female patients were more prevalent (n = 74, 51.4%. Adenocarcinoma was the most common histologic type (n = 119, 82.6% in both genders (male, n = 54, 77.1%; female, n = 65, 87.8%. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR sequences were determined using tumor specimens from 58 patients, and 29 showed an EGFR mutation. No significant difference in median survival was found between patient groups with and without the EGFR mutation (798 vs. 708 days, p = 0.65. In multivariate analysis, male gender (HR, 1.70; 95% CI: 1.08-2.68, body mass index (BMI less than 25 kg/m2 (HR, 2.72; 95% CI: 1.39-5.30, stage IV disease (HR, 2.62; 95% CI: 1.50-4.57, and anemia (HR, 2.08; 95% CI: 1.15-3.77 were associated with a short survival time. Conclusions Low BMI, stage IV disease, anemia at diagnosis, and male gender were the negative prognostic factors for young patients with advanced NSCLC.

  11. Mutations of CREBBP and SOCS1 are independent prognostic factors in diffuse large B cell lymphoma: mutational analysis of the SAKK 38/07 prospective clinical trial cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juskevicius, Darius; Jucker, David; Klingbiel, Dirk; Mamot, Christoph; Dirnhofer, Stephan; Tzankov, Alexandar

    2017-03-17

    Recently, the mutational background of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has been revealed, identifying specific genetic events that drive lymphomagenesis. However, the prognostic value of these mutations remains to be determined. Prognostic biomarkers in DLBCL are urgently needed, since the current clinical parameter-based factors (e.g., International Prognostic Index (IPI)) are insufficient, particularly in identifying patients with poor prognosis who might benefit from alternative treatments. We investigated the prognostic value of somatic mutations in DLBCL in a clinical trial (NCT00544219) patient cohort homogenously treated with six cycles of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP), followed by two cycles of R (R-CHOP-14). The primary endpoint was event-free survival (EFS) at 2 years. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Targeted high-throughput sequencing (HTS) of tumor genomic DNA was performed on all exons or hotspots of 68 genes frequently mutated in B cell lymphomas. Mutational data was correlated with the endpoints to identify prognostic associations. Targeted HTS detected somatic mutations in 71/76 (93%) of investigated cases. The most frequently mutated genes were KMT2D, SOCS1, GNA13, and B2M. Survival analysis revealed that CREBBP- and EP300-mutated cases had significantly worse OS, PFS, and EFS. In addition, ATM mutations predicted worse outcomes for all three clinical endpoints in germinal center B cell-like DLBCL. In contrast, SOCS1 mutations were associated with better PFS. On multivariable analysis taken into account IPI and failure to achieve complete remission, CREBBP and EP300 mutations remained significant to predict worse OS, PFS, and EFS. Targeted mutation analysis of a uniformly treated prospective clinical trial DLBCL cohort identifies tumor-based genetic prognostic markers that could be useful in the clinical management of such

  12. Logistic regression analysis of prognostic factors in 106 acute-on-chronic liver failure patients with hepatic encephalopathy

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    CUI Yanping

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveTo analyze the prognostic factors in acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF patients with hepatic encephalopathy (HE and to explore the risk factors for prognosis. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed on 106 ACLF patients with HE who were hospitalized in our hospital from January 2010 to July 2013. The patients were divided into improved group and deteriorated group. The univariate indicators including age, sex, laboratory indicators [total bilirubin (TBil, albumin (Alb, alanine aminotransferase (ALT, aspartate amino-transferase (AST, and prothrombin time activity (PTA], the stage of HE, complications [persistent hyponatremia, digestive tract bleeding, hepatorenal syndrome (HRS, ascites, infection, and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP], and plasma exchange were analyzed by chi-square test or t-test. Indicators with statistical significance were subsequently analyzed by binary logistic regression. ResultsUnivariate analysis showed that ALT (P=0.009, PTA (P=0.043, the stage of HE (P=0.000, and HRS (P=0.003 were significantly different between the two groups, whereas differences in age, sex, TBil, Alb, AST, persistent hyponatremia, digestive tract bleeding, ascites, infection, SBP, and plasma exchange were not statistically significant (P>0.05. Binary logistic regression demonstrated that PTA (b=-0097, P=0.025, OR=0.908, HRS (b=2.279, P=0.007, OR=9.764, and the stage of HE (b=1873, P=0.000, OR=6.510 were prognostic factors in ACLF patients with HE. ConclusionThe stage of HE, HRS, and PTA are independent influential factors for the prognosis in ACLF patients with HE. Reduced PTA, advanced HE stage, and the presence of HRS indicate worse prognosis.

  13. Prognostic factors for recurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding due to Dieulafoy's lesion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuliana Jamanca-Poma; Antonio Velasco-Guardado; Concepción Pi(n)ero-Pérez; Renzo Calderón-Begazo; Josue Uma(n)a-Mejía; Fernando Geijo-Martínez; Antonio Rodríguez-Pérez

    2012-01-01

    AIM:To analyze the effectiveness of the endoscopic therapy and to identify prognostic factors for recurrent bleeding.METHODS:Retrospective study of patients with gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to Dieulafoy's lesion (DL) from 2005 to 2011.We analyzed the demographic characteristics of the patients,risk factors for gastrointestinal bleeding,endoscopic findings,characteristics of the endoscopic treatment,and the recurrence of bleeding.We included cases in which endoscopy described a lesion compatible with Dieulafoy.We excluded patients who had potentially bleeding lesions such as angiodysplasia in other areas or had undergone other gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures.RESULTS:Twenty-nine patients with DL were identified.Most of them were men with an average age of 71.5 years.Fifty-five percent of the patients received antiaggregatory or anticoagulant therapy.The most common location for DL was the stomach (51.7%).The main type of bleeding was oozing in 65.5% of cases.In 27.6% of cases,there was arterial (spurting) bleeding,and 6.9% of the patients presented with an adherent clot.A single endoscopic treatment was applied to nine patients (31%); eight of them with adrenaline and one with argon,while 69% of the patients received combined treatment.Six patients (20.7%)presented with recurrent bleeding at a median of 4 d after endoscopy (interquartile range =97.75).Within these six patients,the new endoscopic treatment obtained a therapeutic success of 100%.The presence of arterial bleeding at endoscopy was associated with a higher recurrence rate for bleeding (50% vs 33.3% for other type of bleeding) [P =0.024,odds ratio (OR) =8.5,95% CI =1.13-63.87].The use of combined endoscopic treatment prevented the recurrence of bleeding (10% vs 44.4% of single treatment) (P =0.034,OR =0.14,95% CI =0.19-0.99).CONCLUSION:Endoscopic treatment of DL is safe and effective.Adrenaline monotherapy and arterial (spurting) bleeding are associated with a

  14. Prognostic factors influencing the result of postoperative radiotherapy in endometrial carcinoma

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    Ki, Yong Kan; Kwon, Byung Hyun; Kim, Won Taek; Nam, Ji Ho; Yun, Man Su; Kim, Dong Won [Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Hyung Sik [Dong-A University School of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-06-15

    This study was performed to determine the prognostic factors influencing relapse pattern, overall and disease-free survival in patients treated with postoperative radiotherapy for endometrial carcinoma. The records of 54 patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma treated postoperative radiotherapy at Pusan National University Hospital between April 1992 and May 2003 were reviewed retrospectively. Median age of the patients was 55 (range 35 {approx} 76). The distribution by surgical FIGO stages were 63.0% for 0 Stage I, 14.8% for Stage II, 22.2% for Stage III. All patients received postoperative external radiotherapy up to 41.4 {approx} 54 Gy (median: 50.4 Gy). Additional intravaginal brachytherapy was applied to 20 patients (37.0% of all). Median follow-up time was 35 months (5 {approx} 115 months). Significant factors of this study: histologic grade, lymphovascular space invasion and myometrial invasion depth were scored (GLM sore) and analyzed. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method. The log-rank test was used for univariate analysis and the Cox regression model for multivariate analysis. 5-year overall and disease-free survival rates were 87.7% and 87.1%, respectively. Prognostic factors related with overall and disease-free survival were histologic grade, lymphovascular space invasion and myometrial invasion according to the univariate analysis. According to the multivariate analysis, lymphovascular space invasion was associated with decreased disease-free survival. GLM score was a meaningful factor affecting overall and disease-free survival ({rho} = 0.0090, {rho} = 0.0073, respectively) and distant recurrence ({rho} = 0.0132), which was the sum of points of histologic grade, lymphovascular space invasion and myometrial invasion. Total failure rate was 11% with 6 patients. Relapse sites were 2 para-aortic lymph nodes, 2 lungs, a supraclavicular lymph node and a vagina. The prognosis in patients with endometrial carcinoma treated by

  15. Spread Direction and Prognostic Factors in Limb-Onset Sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Fangfang; Jin, Jiaoting; Jia, Rui; Xiang, Li; Qi, Huaguang; Chen, Xin; Dang, Jingxia

    2016-01-01

    To investigate the spread direction and prognostic factors in limb-onset sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (sALS). Medical records of 128 patients with sALS were reviewed. Variables studied were age at symptom onset, gender, region and lateralization of onset, onset to diagnosis interval (ODI), progression direction, bulbar-involved, time from onset to bulbar-involved, ALSFRS-r, upper motor neuron (UMN) signs and progression rate. First, the horizontal and vertical directions are major spreading directions in limb-onset sALS. Second, in crossed and interposed groups, while ODI is shorter, the progression rate is faster and UMN signs are more pronounced (p spread directions in limb-onset sALS. Except for ALSFRS-r and ODI, bulbar-involved is an adverse factor for ALS progression, and progression rate is related to the time from onset symptoms to bulbar-involved. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  16. Delaying ACL reconstruction and treating with exercise therapy alone may alter prognostic factors for 5-year outcome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filbay, Stephanie R; Roos, Ewa M; Frobell, Richard B

    2017-01-01

    analysis of the Knee Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Nonsurgical versus Surgical Treatment (KANON) trial (ISRCTN84752559). Relationships between prognostic factors (baseline cartilage, meniscus and osteochondral damage, baseline extension deficit, baseline patient-reported outcomes, number of rehabilitation......AIM: Identify injury-related, patient-reported and treatment-related prognostic factors for 5-year outcomes in acutely ACL-ruptured individuals managed with early reconstruction plus exercise therapy, exercise therapy plus delayed reconstruction or exercise therapy alone. METHODS: Exploratory...... was a prognostic factor for less knee symptoms compared with early reconstruction plus exercise therapy (regression coefficient 10.1, 95% CI 2.3 to 17.9). Baseline meniscus lesion was associated with worse sport/recreation function (-14.4, 95% CI -27.6 to -1.3) and osteochondral lesions were associated with worse...

  17. Right middle lobe atelectasis in children with asthma and prognostic factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soyer, Ozge; Ozen, Cinar; Cavkaytar, Ozlem; Senyücel, Cagri; Dallar, Yildiz

    2016-07-01

    Although right middle lobe (RML)-atelectasis of the lungs is a common complication of asthma, the relevant data is limited. The aim of this study is to define the characteristics of RML atelectasis in asthma during childhood. Children with asthma who had recently developed RML atelectasis were included; anti-inflammatory medications, clarithromycin, and inhaled salbutamol were prescribed, chest-physiotherapy (starting on the sixth day) was applied. Patients were reevaluated on the sixth, fourteenth, thirtieth, and ninetieth days, chest X-rays were taken if the atelectasis had not resolved at the time of the previous visit. Twenty-seven patients (6.8 (4.8-8.3) years, 48.1% male) with RML atelectasis were included. Symptoms started 15 (7-30) days before admission. The thickness of the atelectasis was 11.8 ± 5.8 mm; FEV1% was 75.9 ± 14.2 and Childhood Asthma Control Test scores were 11.8 ± 5.6 at the time of admission. The atelectasis had been resolved by the sixth (n = 3), fourteenth (n = 9), thirtieth (n = 10), and ninetieth days (n = 3). The treatment response of the patients whose atelectasis resolved in fourteen days was better on the sixth-day (atelectasis thickness: 4.7 ± 1.7 vs. 11.9 ± 7.3 mm, p = 0.021) compared to those whose atelectasis resolved later. Nearly half (54.5%) of the patients whose atelectasis had resolved by fourteen days were using controller medications at the time of admission. However, only two patients (13.3%) were on controller treatment in the latter group (p = 0.032). Regression analysis didn't reveal any prognostic factors for the early resolution of atelectasis. Early diagnosis and treatment of RML atelectasis prevents complications. Patients who had early resolution of atelectasis had already been on anti-inflammatory medications, and responded better to aggressive treatment within the first week. Copyright © 2015 Japanese Society of Allergology. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights

  18. C-MYC aberrations as prognostic factors in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a meta-analysis of epidemiological studies.

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    Kuangguo Zhou

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Various studies have investigated the prognostic value of C-MYC aberrations in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. However, the role of C-MYC as an independent prognostic factor in clinical practice remains controversial. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to clarify the clinical significance of C-MYC aberrations in DLBCL patients. METHODS: The pooled hazard ratios (HRs for overall survival (OS and event-free survival (EFS were calculated as the main effect size estimates. The procedure was conducted according to the Cochrane handbook and PRISMA guidelines, including the use of a heterogeneity test, publication bias assessment, and meta-regression, as well as subgroup analyses. RESULTS: Twenty-four eligible studies enrolling 4662 patients were included in this meta-analysis. According to the nature of C-MYC aberrations (gene, protein, and mRNA, studies were divided into several subgroups. For DLBCL patients with C-MYC gene abnormalities, the combined HR was 2.22 (95% confidence interval, 1.89 to 2.61 for OS and 2.29 (95% confidence interval, 1.81 to 2.90 for EFS, compared to patients without C-MYC gene abnormalities. For DLBCL patients with overexpression of C-MYC protein and C-MYC mRNA, pooled HRs for OS were 2.13 and 1.62, respectively. C-MYC aberrations appeared to play an independent role among other well-known prognostic factors in DLBCL. Addition of rituximab could not overcome the inferior prognosis conferred by C-MYC. CONCLUSION: The present systematic review and meta-analysis confirm the prognostic value of C-MYC aberrations. Screening of C-MYC should have definite prognostic meaning for DLBCL stratification, thus guaranteeing a more tailored therapy.

  19. An analysis of prognostic factors in the uterine cervical cancer patients

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    Yang, Dae Sik; Yoon, Won Sub; Kim, Tae Hyun; Kim, Chul Yong; Choi, Myung Sun [College of Medicine, Korea Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-12-01

    The aim of this study is to analysis of survival and recurrence rates of the uterine cervical carcinoma patients whom received the radiation therapy respectively. The prognostic factors, such as Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, carcinoembriogenic antigen (CEA) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) antigen has been studied. From January 1981 to December 1998, eight-hundred twenty-seven uterine cervical cancer patients were treated with radiation therapy. All of the patients were divided into two groups: the radiation therapy only (521 patients) group and the postoperative radiation therapy (326 patients) group. The age, treatment modality, clinical stage, histopathology, recurrence, follow-up Pap smears, CEA and see antigen were used as parameters for the evaluation. The prognostic factors such as survival and recurrence rates were performed with the Kaplan-Meier method and the Cox hazard model, respectively. Median fallow-up was 38.6 months. On the radiation therapy only group, 314 patients (60%) achieved complete response (CR), 47 patients (9%) showed local recurrence (LR), 78 patients (15%) developed distant metastasis (DM). On the postoperative radiation therapy group, showed 276 patients (85%) CR, 8 patients (2%) LR, 37 patients (11%) DM. The 5-year survival and recurrence rates was evaluated for all parameters. The statistically significant factors for the survival rate in univariate analysis were clinical stage (p=0.00001), treatment modality (p=0.0010), recurrence (p=0.0001), Pap smear (p=0.0329), CEA (p=0.0001) and SCC antigen (p=0.0001). This study indicated that after treatment, the follow-up studies of Pap smear, CEA and SCC antigen were significant parameter and prediction factors for the survival and recurrence of the uterine cervical carcinoma.

  20. P-cadherin as prognostic factor for loco-regional relapse in breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, Gil; Cardoso, Maria João; Martins, Diana; Bettencourt, Herberto; Amendoeira, Isabel; Schimitt, Fernando

    2012-01-01

    Breast cancer is the most frequent malignant tumor and the leading cause of cancer death in women in Portugal. Due to its relation to an increase in distant metastasis and subsequent death, loco-regional relapse is one major concern in breast cancer women. Several classic prognostic factors as tumour size, nodal stage, histological grade, HER2 status and hormonal receptors have been identified as the most important factors for determining loco-regional relapse, disease free and overall survival. However, there is heterogeneity in prognosis and tumor behaviour in patients with identical disease staging and a similar pattern of expression of known molecular markers, hence the need to discover new prognostic factors. One of the possibilities is P-cadherin, already described by researchers as a possible independent marker of prognosis in breast cancer. The aim of this work was to study in a retrospective series of patients the correlation of P-cadherin expression with loco-regional recurrence in breast cancer women. We analyzed the clinical records of 1432 consecutive patients with breast cancer and treated in a University Hospital over a 10 year period. Patients with loco-regional relapse (n=101) without prior or simultaneous distant disease were selected as case group. Control group consisted of patients with more than 10 years follow-up and without disease progression. For both groups demographic, clinical, pathological and molecular markers were analyzed. Tissue micro-arrays were constructed to study P-cadherin expression from 86 tumors with available paraffin embedded blocks. Mean time to recurrence was 41 months and mean survival time after recurrence was 33 months, with a 5-year survival rate of 55%. Tumour size, nodal status and histological grade were identified as independent markers of prognosis. P-cadherin was associated with higher histological grades and hormone negative tumours. P-cadherin was identified as an independent prognostic marker for disease

  1. Factors Affecting Physicians' Intentions to Communicate Personalized Prognostic Information to Cancer Patients at the End of Life: An Experimental Vignette Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Paul K J; Dieckmann, Nathan F; Holt, Christina; Gutheil, Caitlin; Peters, Ellen

    2016-08-01

    To explore the effects of personalized prognostic information on physicians' intentions to communicate prognosis to cancer patients at the end of life, and to identify factors that moderate these effects. A factorial experiment was conducted in which 93 family medicine physicians were presented with a hypothetical vignette depicting an end-stage gastric cancer patient seeking prognostic information. Physicians' intentions to communicate prognosis were assessed before and after provision of personalized prognostic information, while emotional distress of the patient and ambiguity (imprecision) of the prognostic estimate were varied between subjects. General linear models were used to test the effects of personalized prognostic information, patient distress, and ambiguity on prognostic communication intentions, and potential moderating effects of 1) perceived patient distress, 2) perceived credibility of prognostic models, 3) physician numeracy (objective and subjective), and 4) physician aversion to risk and ambiguity. Provision of personalized prognostic information increased prognostic communication intentions (P < 0.001, η(2) = 0.38), although experimentally manipulated patient distress and prognostic ambiguity had no effects. Greater change in communication intentions was positively associated with higher perceived credibility of prognostic models (P = 0.007, η(2) = 0.10), higher objective numeracy (P = 0.01, η(2) = 0.09), female sex (P = 0.01, η(2) = 0.08), and lower perceived patient distress (P = 0.02, η(2) = 0.07). Intentions to communicate available personalized prognostic information were positively associated with higher perceived credibility of prognostic models (P = 0.02, η(2) = 0.09), higher subjective numeracy (P = 0.02, η(2) = 0.08), and lower ambiguity aversion (P = 0.06, η(2) = 0.04). Provision of personalized prognostic information increases physicians' prognostic communication intentions to a hypothetical end-stage cancer patient, and

  2. Factors affecting physicians’ intentions to communicate personalized prognostic information to cancer patients at the end of life: An experimental vignette study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Paul K.J.; Dieckmann, Nathan F.; Holt, Christina; Gutheil, Caitlin; Peters, Ellen

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To explore the effects of personalized numeric prognostic information on physicians’ intentions to communicate prognosis to cancer patients at the end of life, and to identify factors that moderate these effects. Methods A factorial experiment was conducted in which 93 Family Medicine physicians were presented with a hypothetical case vignette depicting an end-stage gastric cancer patient seeking prognostic information. Physicians’ intentions to communicate prognosis were assessed before and after provision of personalized prognostic information, while emotional distress of the patient and ambiguity (manifest by imprecision) of the prognostic estimate were varied between subjects. General linear models were used to test the effects of personalized prognostic information, patient distress, and ambiguity on prognostic communication intentions, and explored potential moderating effects of: 1) perceived patient distress, 2) perceived credibility of prognostic models, 3) physician numeracy (objective and subjective), and 4) physician aversion to risk and ambiguity. Results Provision of personalized prognostic information increased prognostic communication intentions (p<.001, η2=.38), although experimentally-manipulated patient distress and prognostic ambiguity had no effects. Greater change in communication intentions was positively associated with higher perceived credibility of prognostic models (p=.007, η2=.10), higher objective numeracy (p=.01, η2=.09), female sex (p=.01, η2=.08), and lower perceived patient distress (p=.02, η2=.07). Intentions to communicate available personalized prognostic information were positively associated with higher perceived credibility of prognostic models (p=.02, η2=.09), higher subjective numeracy (p=.02, η2=.08), and lower ambiguity aversion (p=.06, η2=.04). Conclusions Provision of personalized prognostic information increases physicians’ prognostic communication intentions to a hypothetical end-stage cancer

  3. Defining a new aggressiveness classification and using NFATc1 localization as a prognostic factor in cherubism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadlub, Natacha; Sessiecq, Quentin; Dainese, Linda; Joly, Aline; Lehalle, Daphne; Marlin, Sandrine; Badoual, Cecile; Galmiche, Louise; Majoufre-Lefebvre, Claire; Berdal, Ariane; Deckert, Marcel; Vazquez, Marie-Paule; Descroix, Vianney; Coudert, Amélie E; Picard, Arnaud

    2016-12-01

    Cherubism is a rare genetic disease characterized by bilateral giant cell reparative granuloma of the jaws consisting of a fibrotic stroma with giant multinucleated cells (GMCs) and osteoclastic features. Cherubism severity is highly variable, and recurrence after surgery is the most important risk. Currently, there are no prognostic indicators. The aims of this study were to evaluate the osteoclastogenesis phenotype by histologic examination of nuclear factor of activated T cells 1 (NFATc1) localization and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity and to correlate the results to disease aggressiveness to define prognostic indicators. Based on cherubism evolution 1 year after surgery, 3 classes of cherubism aggressiveness were identified: mild (group A), moderate (group B), and severe (group C). Histologically, in grade A and B cherubism lesions, GMCs were negative for both TRAP activity and NFATc1 nuclear localization. In contrast, in grade C cherubism lesions, GMCs were all positive for TRAP activity and NFATc1 nuclear localization and displayed osteoclast-like features. Other histopathologic findings were not different among the 3 groups. Our results establish that TRAP activity and NFTAc1 nuclear localization are associated with aggressive cherubism and therefore could be added to routine pathologic examination to aid in prognosis and management of the disease. The finding of NFATc1 nuclear localization in aggressive tumors supports the addition of anticalcineurin treatment to the therapeutic arsenal for cherubism. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Circulating Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 (Fgf21) as Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarker in Renal Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knott, M E; Minatta, J N; Roulet, L; Gueglio, G; Pasik, L; Ranuncolo, S M; Nuñez, M; Puricelli, L; De Lorenzo, M S

    2016-06-01

    The finding of new biomarkers is needed to have a better sub-classification of primary renal tumors (RCC) as well as more reliable predictors of outcome and therapy response. In this study, we evaluated the role of circulating FGF21, an endocrine factor, as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for ccRCC. Serum samples from healthy controls (HC), clear cell and chromophobe RCC cancer patients were obtained from the serum biobank "Biobanco Público de Muestras Séricas Oncológicas" (BPMSO) of the "Instituto de Oncología "Ángel H. Roffo". Serum FGF21 and leptin were measured by ELISA while other metabolic markers were measured following routinely clinical procedures. One of our major findings was that FGF21 levels were significantly increased in ccRCC patients compared with HC. Moreover, we showed an association between the increased serum FGF21 levels and the shorter disease free survival in a cohort of 98 ccRCC patients, after adjustment for other predictors of outcome. Our results suggest that higher FGF21 serum level is an independent prognostic biomarker, associated with worse free-disease survival.

  5. Circulating Haptoglobin Is an Independent Prognostic Factor in the Sera of Patients with Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Changqing Zhao

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic significance of haptoglobin levels in the overall survival of patients presenting with various stages of epithelial ovarian cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We employed an in-house sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method to determine the concentrations of preoperative haptoglobin and C-reactive protein (CRP in sera samples obtained from 66 malignant tumors, 60 benign tumors, and 10 normal healthy women. RESULTS: Levels of serum haptoglobin significantly correlated with tumor type (P < .001 and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage (P < .05. A significant correlation was observed between clinical stage and patient survival (r = 5.99, P = .026. Our data also indicated that elevated serum haptoglobin levels were associated with poor outcome for overall survival using both univariate and multivariate analyses (P = .048 and P = .036 respectively. Using Pearson's correlation, we have noted that serum CRP concentrations significantly correlated with haptoglobin levels (r2 = 0.22, P < .001. Immunohistochemical findings and Western blot analyses were compatible with sera levels of haptoglobin in which a higher intensity of staining occurred in late-stage epithelial ovarian cancers. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that preoperative serum levels of haptoglobin could serve as an independent prognostic factor in patients presenting with epithelial ovarian cancer.

  6. Negative lymph node count is an independent prognostic factor for patients with rectal cancer who received preoperative radiotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xinxing; Lu, Hao; Xu, Kai; Wang, Haolu; Liang, Xiaowen; Hu, Zhiqian

    2017-03-28

    Negative lymph node (NLN) count has been reported to provide more accurate prognostic information than the N stage alone in patients with rectal cancer (RC). Since preoperative radiotherapy (Pre-RT) can significantly affect the LN status, it is unclear whether NLN count still has prognostic value count on survival of patients with RC who received Pre-RT. In this study, clinicopathological characteristics, number of positive LNs and survival time were collected from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER)-registered RC patients. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the risk factors for survival. X-tile plots identified 9 (P < 0.001) as the optimal cutoff NLN value to divide the patients into high and low risk subsets in terms of cause specific survival (CSS). NLN count was validated as independently prognostic factor in univariate and multivariate analysis (P < 0.001). Subgroup analysis showed that NLN count was an independently prognostic factor for patients with stage ypII (P = 0.002) and ypIII (P < 0.001). Our results firmly demonstrated that NLN count provides accurate prognostic information for RC patients with Pre-RT.

  7. Histological Subtype Remains a Significant Prognostic Factor for Survival Outcomes in Patients With Appendiceal Mucinous Neoplasm With Peritoneal Dissemination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yeqian; Alzahrani, Nayef A; Chua, Terence C; Morris, David L

    2017-04-01

    It has been increasingly recognized that appendiceal mucinous neoplasm with peritoneal dissemination is not a homogenous disease. This study aimed to examine the impact of different histological subtypes on survival of a large cohort of patients with appendiceal mucinous neoplasms uniformly treated by cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy. This was a retrospective study of prospectively collected data of patients with peritoneal dissemination of appendiceal neoplasm who underwent cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy. The study was conducted by 1 surgical team at St. George Hospital. A total of 444 patients formed the cohort of this study. Histological diagnoses were categorized based on Carr criteria to include acellular mucin, disseminated peritoneal adenomucinosis, peritoneal mucinous neoplasms without signet ring cells, and peritoneal mucinous carcinomatosis with signet cells. Patients with low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms with neoplastic epithelium absent tended to have lower CEA, CA19-9, and CA125 levels preoperatively (p = 0.109, 0.008, and 0.034). Factor analysis showed that histological diagnosis was an independent prognostic factor for survival outcomes (HR = 3.13 (95% CI, 2.34-4.39); p 20, completeness of cytoreductive score ≥2, use of early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy, transfusion units, CEA >7.0 mg/L, CA19-9 >24.0 U/mL, and CA125 >24 U/mL. This study was limited by its retrospective nature, lack of uniform classifications of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms in early years, and the heterogeneity of this study cohort given the long study period. Histological subtype remains a significant prognostic factor for survival outcomes in patients with appendiceal mucinous neoplasms. It should be taken into account when selecting patients for cytoreductive surgery, tailoring appropriate adjuvant therapies and follow-up surveillance plan.

  8. Prognostic factors for elderly breast cancer patients in University Malaya Medical Centre, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phua, C E; Bustam, A Z; Yip, Cheng-Har; Taib, Nor Aishah

    2010-01-01

    Information about elderly breast cancer patients' outcome is limited. This study aimed to evaluate the treatment outcomes in women aged 70 and above with specific analysis on prognostic clinicopathological features and treatment modalities. This retrospective study examined breast cancer patients between 1st January 1994 and 31st December 2004 in UMMC. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and comparisons between groups using the log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate analysis on prognostic factors were carried out using the Cox's proportionate hazard model for patient demographics, and tumour and treatment factors. One hundred and thirty six patients were identified, with a median age at diagnosis of 75 years. Most had at least one co-morbidity (61.8%). Only 75.0% had a good performance status (ECOG 0-1). Mean tumour size was 4.4 cm. Primary tumour stages (T stages) 3 and 4 were present in 8.1% and 30.1% of patients respectively, and 30.9% had stage III and 8.8% had stage IV disease based on overall AJCC staging. ER positivity was 58.1%. PR status was positive in 30.1%. Surgery was performed in 69.1% of the patients and mastectomy and axillary clearance were the commonest surgical procedures (50.7%). Some 79.4% of patients received hormonal therapy, 30.1% radiotherapy and only 3.6% chemotherapy. Non-standard treatment was given to 39.0% of patients due to a variety of reasons. The cumulative 5 years overall, relapse free and cause specific survivals were 51.9%, 79.7% and 73.3% respectively. Performance status, T3-4 tumour, presence of metastasis, tumour grade and ER status were independent prognostic factors for overall survival. For cause specific survival they were T4 tumour, presence of metastasis and ER status. The 5 years overall survival rate was 51.9% and 41.8% of deaths were non-breast cancer related deaths. Low survival rate was related to low life expectancy in this population. Locally advanced disease, metastatic disease and

  9. Recipient Related Prognostic Factors for Graft Survival after Kidney Transplantation. A Single Center Experience

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    Alina Daciana ELEC

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim. Advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD severely impairs life expectancy and quality of life in affected patients. Considering its benefits, renal transplantation currently represents the optimal treatment solution for end stage kidney disease patients. Pre-transplant assessment aims to maximize the graft and patient survival by identifying potential factors influencing the post-transplant outcome. The aim of this study has been to analyze recipient related prognostic factors bearing an impact on graft survival. Material and Methods. We analyzed the graft outcomes of 426 renal transplantations performed at the Clinical Institute of Urology and Renal Transplantation of Cluj-Napoca, between January 2004 and December 2008. Variables related to recipient and to potential donor/recipient prognostic factors were studied using univariate and multivariate analysis. Results. Graft survivals at 1, 3, 5 and 7 years were 94.01%, 88.37%, 82.51% and 78.10%, respectively. Chronic rejection (41.11% and death with a functioning graft (18.88% were the main causes of graft loss. In uni and multivariate analysis the recipient related variables found to influence the renal graft outcome were: peritoneal dialysis, pre transplant residual diuresis, grade I hypertension, severe iliac vessel atheromatosis, ischemic heart disease, stroke history, dyslipidemia and denutrition. The worst graft outcomes have been found for recipients on peritoneal dialysis, with anuria, hypotension, severe iliac atheromatosis, ischemic heart disease, stroke history, dyslipidemia and a poor nutritional status. Conclusion. The type of dialysis, the pre transplant residual diuresis, recipient arterial blood pressure, iliac vessel atheromatosis, ischemic heart disease, stroke history, dyslipidemia and denutrition significantly influence graft survival.

  10. Prognostic Factors for Outcomes of In-Flight Sudden Cardiac Arrest on Commercial Airlines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, Paulo M; DeJohn, Charles A; Ricaurte, Eduard M; Mills, William D

    In-flight cardiac arrest (IFCA) is a relatively rare but challenging event. Outcomes and prognostic factors are not entirely understood for victims of IFCAs in commercial aviation. This was a retrospective cohort study of airline passengers who experienced IFCA. Demographic and operational variables were studied to identify association in a multivariate logistic regression model with the outcome of survival-to-hospital. In-flight medical emergencies were processed by a ground-based medical center. Subsequent comparisons were made between reported shockable-rhythm (RSR) and reported non-shockable-rhythm (RNSR) groups. Logistic regression was also used to identify predictors for shock advised and flight diversions using a case control study design. Significant predictors for survival-to-hospital were RSR and remaining flight time to destination. The percentage of RSR cases was 24.6%. The survival to hospital admission was 22.7% (22/97) for passengers in RSR compared with 2.4% (7/297) in the RNSR group. The adjusted odds ratio for survival-to-hospital for the RSR group compared to the RNSR group was 13.6 (5.5-33.5). The model showed odds for survival to hospital decreased with longer scheduled remaining flight duration with adjusted OR = 0.701 (0.535-0.920) per hour increase. No correlation between diversions and survival for RSR cases was found. Survival-to-hospital from IFCAs is best when an RSR is present. The percentage of RSR cases was lower than in other out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) settings, which suggests delayed discovery. Flight diversions did not significantly affect resuscitation outcome. We emphasize good quality cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation as key factors for IFCA survival. Alves PM, DeJohn CA, Ricaurte EM, Mills WD. Prognostic factors for outcomes of in-flight sudden cardiac arrest on commercial airlines. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2016; 87(10):862-868.

  11. Overweight as a Prognostic Factor for Triple-Negative Breast Cancers in Chinese Women.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuang Hao

    Full Text Available Obesity is associated with poorer outcomes in patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancers, but this association is not well established for women with triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC. Here, we investigated the prognostic effects of body mass index (BMI on clinical outcomes in patients with TNBC.We identified 1106 patients with TNBC who met the inclusion criteria and were treated between January 2002 and June 2012. Clinical and biological features were collected to evaluate the relation between BMI and breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS and overall survival (OS after controlling for other clinically significant variables.Of 1106 patients, 656 (59.3% were normal weight (BMI ≤24 and 450 patients (40.7% were overweight(BMI>24. Median follow-up time was 44.8 months. Breast cancer specific death was observed in 140 patients. After adjusting for clinicopathologic risk factors, overweight was associated with OS (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.46, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-2.06, P =0.028 but not BCSS (HR: 1.34, 95% CI: 0.90-2.01, P =0.15in all the patients with TNBC. When stratified with menopausal status, overweight was associated with BCSS and OS (HR: 2.27, 95% CI: 1.11-4.63, P = 0.024 and HR: 2.16, 95% CI: 1.21-3.87, P = 0.010, respectively in premenopausal women. BMI was not associated with BCSS or OS in postmenopausal women.Overweight is an independent prognostic factor of OS in all women with TNBC, and menopause status may be a mitigating factor. Among premenopausal women, overweight women are at a greater risk of poor prognosis than normal weight women. If validated, these findings should be considered in developing preventive programs.

  12. Clinical-pathological Characteristics and Prognostic Factors for Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma in the Elderly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Jing; Liu, Hans B.; Yu, Lujiao; Meng, Xin; Leng, Sean X.; Zhang, Haiyan

    2018-01-01

    Background: The incidence of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) has increased dramatically over the past three decades worldwide. The annual rate of increase in the elderly (≥65) PTMC patients is 1.4 times higher than that in the adult (<65) PTMC patients. The aim of the present study is to identify the clinical-pathological characteristics and prognostic factors in the elderly PTMC patients. Methods: The source population is PTMC patients whose information is available in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database (2004-2013). We analyzed specific selected clinical-pathological parameters and prognostic factors for the PTMC patients who were aged 65 or above (N=4812). Results: Within the elderly group, the male patients, in comparison to the females, had a higher percentage of lymph-node metastases (5.29% vs. 12.27%, P < 0.001), distant metastasis (0.27% vs. 1.07%, P < 0.001), and stage III-IV tumors (9.19% vs. 15.85%, P < 0.001). Moreover, the elderly patients had a lower median cause-specific survival (CSS) compared with the adult patients (P < 0.001). Stage III-IV disease (hazard ratio (HR): 8.064, P < 0.001) was a strong risk factor for PTMC CSS. Being female (HR: 0.440, P = 0.011), total thyroidectomy (HR: 0.057, P = 0.001), and lobectomy (HR: 0.058, P < 0.001) were all strong protectors of PTMC CSS. Conclusion: Thyroidectomy improved CSS of the elderly PTMC patients. Compared with thyroid lobectomy, total thyroidectomy did not increase CSS for the elderly PTMC patients. The elderly PTMC patients who received radio therapy did not experience an increase in CSS. PMID:29344271

  13. Perioperative prognostic factors in patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms treated in the intensive care unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gierek, Danuta; Cyzowski, Tomasz; Kaczmarska, Adrianna; Janowska-Rodak, Anna; Budziarz, Barbara; Koczur, Tomasz

    2013-01-01

    The incidence of abdominal aortic aneurysm has been estimated at 20-40 cases per 100,000 per annum. The disease is often asymptomatic; in many cases, its first symptom is shock caused by a ruptured aneurysm. The aim of the present study was to assess retrospectively the selected perioperative factors in patients hospitalised in the intensive care unit (ICU) after repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. Analysis involved medical records of patients after repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm treated in ICU in the years 2009-2010. Patients were divided into two groups: group I - survivors who were discharged from ICU and group II - non-survivors. Demographic factors, intraoperative data, vital parameters, laboratory results and severity of patient's state on admission to ICU were analysed. Analysis of laboratory results on admission to ICU showed lower values of pH and HCO(3)(-) concentrations as well as higher international normalised ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) in group II. Mean intraoperative diuresis differed between the groups; in group I - 303 mL and in group II - 155 mL. Mean diuresis on ICU day 1 was higher in group I compared to group II, i.e. 20.87 and 11.27 mL kg b.w.-1, respectively. APACHE II, SAPS II, MODS and SOFA point values were higher in group I than in group II. Markers of impaired homeostasis, such as pH, HCO(3)(-) concentration, INR and APTT assessed on admission to ICU can be relevant prognostic factors in patients after repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. Monitoring of diuresis during surgery and on day 1 of ICU treatment was a sensitive risk marker for acute kidney injury. Multiple organ failure scales such as APACHE II, MODS, SOFA and SAPS II were reliable prognostic tools to be used in the early period of ICU treatment.

  14. Netrin-1 expression is an independent prognostic factor for poor patient survival in brain metastases.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick N Harter

    Full Text Available The multifunctional molecule netrin-1 is upregulated in various malignancies and has recently been presented as a major general player in tumorigenesis leading to tumor progression and maintenance in various animal models. However, there is still a lack of clinico-epidemiological data related to netrin-1 expression. Therefore, the aim of our study was to elucidate the association of netrin-1 expression and patient survival in brain metastases since those constitute one of the most limiting factors for patient prognosis. We investigated 104 brain metastases cases for netrin-1 expression using in-situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry with regard to clinical parameters such as patient survival and MRI data. Our data show that netrin-1 is strongly upregulated in most cancer subtypes. Univariate analyses revealed netrin-1 expression as a significant factor associated with poor patient survival in the total cohort of brain metastasis patients and in sub-entities such as non-small cell lung carcinomas. Interestingly, many cancer samples showed a strong nuclear netrin-1 signal which was recently linked to a truncated netrin-1 variant that enhances tumor growth. Nuclear netrin-1 expression was associated with poor patient survival in univariate as well as in multivariate analyses. Our data indicate both total and nuclear netrin-1 expression as prognostic factors in brain metastases patients in contrast to other prognostic markers in oncology such as patient age, number of brain metastases or Ki67 proliferation index. Therefore, nuclear netrin-1 expression constitutes one of the first reported molecular biomarkers for patient survival in brain metastases. Furthermore, netrin-1 may constitute a promising target for future anti-cancer treatment approaches in brain metastases.

  15. Prognostic factors for locoregional recurrence and survival in stage IIIC breast carcinoma: impact of adjuvant radiotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuru, B

    2011-04-01

    The aims of the present study were to define the prognostic factors for locoregional recurrence (LRR) and survival in stage IIIC breast carcinoma as well as to examine the impact of adjuvant radiotherapy on the outcome of the disease. The records of 586 consecutive patients with stage IIIC breast carcinoma who underwent modified radical mastectomy were evaluated, and the prognostic factors for LRR and survival were analysed. Survival curves were generated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and multivariate analysis was performed using the Cox proportional hazard model. Five-year LRR and survival of stage IIIC breast carcinoma were 15 percent and 41.3 percent, respectively. Five-year LRR was significantly lower and five-year survival was significantly higher for all patients as well as for T1-2 patients with one to three apical node involvements who were treated with adjuvant radiotherapy. In multivariate analysis, apical node involvement, age below 35 years, T4 tumour, grade 3, extracapsular extension and lymphovascular invasion decreased survival, whereas adjuvant tamoxifen and adjuvant radiotherapy (risk ratio [RR] 0.51, 95 percent confidence interval [CI] 0.39-0.67) increased survival. Adjuvant radiotherapy was the sole independent factor that was found to be significantly associated with decreased LRR (RR 0.25, 95 percent CI 0.16-0.38). Radiotherapy decreased LRR and increased survival significantly in all stage IIIC patients and in the subgroup of T1-2 patients with one to three apical node involvements. Thus, it should be considered in the treatment of stage IIIC breast carcinoma.

  16. Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Reoperation for Recurrent Sciatica Symptoms: A Retrospective Analysis of Outcomes and Prognostic Factors in 94 Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Junlong; Zhang, Chao; Lu, Kang; Li, Changqing; Zhou, Yue

    2018-01-01

    Recurrent symptoms of sciatica after previous surgical intervention is a relatively common and troublesome clinical problem. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar decompression has been proved to be an effective method for recurrent lumbar disc herniation. However, the prognostic factors and outcomes of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar reoperation (PELR) for recurrent sciatica symptoms were still unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and prognostic factors of patients who underwent PELR for recurrent sciatica symptoms. From 2009 to 2015, 94 patients who underwent PELR for recurrent sciatica symptoms were enrolled. The primary surgeries include transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (n = 16), microendoscopic discectomy (n = 31), percutaneous endoscopic lumbar decompression (PELD, n = 17), and open discectomy (n = 30). The mean follow-up period was 36 months, and 86 (91.5%) patients had obtained at least 24 months' follow-up. Of the 94 patients with adequate follow-up, 51 (54.3%) exhibited excellent improvement, 23 (24.5%) had good improvement, and 7 (7.4%) had fair improvement according to modified Macnab criteria. The average re-recurrence rate was 9.6%, with no difference among the different primary surgery groups (PELD, 3/17; microendoscopic discectomy, 2/31; open discectomy, 3/30; transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion, 1/16). There was a trend toward greater rates of symptom recurrence in the primary group of PELD who underwent percutaneous endoscopic lumbar reoperation compared with other groups, but this did not reach statistical significance (P > 0.05). Multivariate analysis suggested that age, body mass index, and surgeon level was independent prognostic factors. Obesity (hazard ratio 13.98, 95% confidence interval 3.394-57.57; P sciatica symptoms regardless of different primary operation type. Obesity, inferior surgeon level, and patient age older than 40 years were associated with a worse prognosis. Obesity was also a strong and

  17. Post-diagnosis weight loss as a prognostic factor in non-small cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mytelka, Daniel S; Li, Li; Benoit, Karin

    2017-12-04

    Cachexia and its most visible manifestation, weight loss, represent important poor prognostic factors for patients with non-small cell lung cancer. This work examines how severity of weight loss as an indicator of cachexia affects outcomes. In a retrospective observational study of electronic medical records, patients with non-small cell lung cancer were monitored for weight loss from an initial assessment (within 2 months of index diagnosis) to a landmark at 5 months (at least 3 months after initial assessment). Patients who survived to the landmark were then followed to determine the association of baseline body mass index (BMI) and weight loss during the assessment period with outcomes. Patients were clustered to determine how BMI and weight loss related to survival as approximated by time of last appearance in the database, a strong proxy for time of death. Twelve thousand one hundred and one patients were divided into 5 cachexia risk groups based on a combination of weight loss and initial BMI. More severe groups demonstrated progressively worse outcomes, with the most severe group surviving for a median of 263 days (95% CI 254-274) from index and having a 1-year survival rate of 31%. The least severe group survived for a median of 825 days from index (95% CI 768-908) and had a 1-year survival rate of 78%. Cachexia risk group was a stronger predictor of survival than any baseline variable, including disease stage, performance status, or age. In this study, we showed that increasing weight loss and, to a lesser extent, decreasing BMI, led to substantially worse outcomes for non-small cell lung cancer patients independent of other variables. We suggest risk score groups that provide an improved approach for identifying poor prognosis patients with the greatest need. © 2017 The Authors. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of the Society on Sarcopenia, Cachexia and Wasting Disorders.

  18. Merkel Cell Carcinoma: An Update of Key Imaging Techniques, Prognostic Factors, Treatment, and Follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llombart, B; Kindem, S; Chust, M

    2017-03-01

    Merkel cell carcinoma, though rare, is one of the most aggressive tumors a dermatologist faces. More than a third of patients with this diagnosis die from the disease. Numerous researchers have attempted to identify clinical and pathologic predictors to guide prognosis, but their studies have produced inconsistent results. Because the incidence of Merkel cell carcinoma is low and it appears in patients of advanced age, prospective studies have not been done and no clear treatment algorithm has been developed. This review aims to provide an exhaustive, up-to-date account of Merkel cell carcinoma for the dermatologist. We describe prognostic factors and the imaging techniques that are most appropriate for evaluating disease spread. We also discuss current debates on treating Merkel cell carcinoma. Copyright © 2016 AEDV. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  19. Long-term results, prognostic factors and cataract surgery after diabetic vitrectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ostri, Christoffer; Lux, Anja; Lund-Andersen, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To report long-term results, prognostic factors and cataract surgery after diabetic vitrectomy. METHODS: Retrospective review of patient files from a large diabetes centre between 1996 and 2010. Surgical history was obtained from the Danish National Patient Register. Follow-up intervals...... after 5 and 10 years, respectively. Use of silicone oil increased the risk of cataract surgery (p = 0.009, log-rank test). CONCLUSIONS: Most diabetic vitrectomy patients stand to gain visual acuity ≥0.3 after surgery and a stable long-term visual acuity after 1 year. The only consistent long......-term predictor of low vision after surgery is use of silicone oil for endotamponade. About 2/3 of phakic patients will subsequently have cataract surgery the first 10 years after diabetic vitrectomy....

  20. Mortality and prognostic factors of patients who have blood cultures performed in the emergency department

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prier Lindvig, Katrine; Nielsen, Stig Lønberg; Henriksen, Daniel P

    2016-01-01

    .6 (95% CI 3.6-6.0)], at least two organ failure [HR 3.6 (2.9-4.5)], bacteraemia [HR 1.4 (1.1-1.8)], Charlson Comorbidity Index of at least 2 h [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.0)], SIRS [HR 1.5 (1.2-1.7)], a history of alcohol dependency [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.3)] and late drawing of blood cultures 24-48 h after arrival [HR 1......, bacteraemia, Charlson Comorbidity Index of at least 2, SIRS, a history of alcohol dependency and late drawing of blood cultures.......BACKGROUND: Early identification and treatment of patients with severe infection improve their prognosis. The aims of this study were to describe the 30-day mortality and to identify prognostic factors among blood-cultured patients in a medical emergency department (MED). PATIENTS AND METHODS...

  1. Prognostic Factors in Patients with Multiple Recurrences of Well-Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theresa Holler

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Patients with multiple recurrences of well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC have markedly reduced overall survival when compared with those who have ≤1 recurrence of their disease. The purpose of this investigation is to identify prognostic factors for mortality in this subgroup. Methods. Patients with multiple recurrences of WDTC were retrospectively identified from the thyroid cancer database at Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto (1963–2000. Data on patient, tumor, and recurrence characteristics were collected, and each patient was given aMACIS score. Results. A total of 31 patients were identified (11 male, 20 female; 16–83 years. Using univariate analysis, age >45, stage III/IV disease, distant metastasis, vascular invasion, MACIS score >6, and time to recurrence of <12 months were found to be significant predictors for mortality in this subgroup. Conclusions. Patients with multiple recurrences of WDTC follow a distinct clinical course, marked with multiple treatment failures and a substantial risk of mortality.

  2. Serum testosterone as a prognostic factor in patients with advanced prostatic carcinoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iversen, P; Rasmussen, F; Christensen, I J

    1994-01-01

    In 245 patients with previously untreated advanced carcinoma of the prostate, serum concentrations of testosterone have been measured before androgen deprivation therapy, and patients were divided in quartiles according to their serum concentration. Pretreatment level of serum testosterone...... was confirmed as having significant prognostic value on progression-free, overall, and cancer-specific survival, and the hazard ratios of lower quartiles compared to the upper quartile for these endpoints were 2.3, 2.1, and 2.0, respectively. However, correlations with symptomatology and other pretreatment...... parameters suggest that low serum testosterone merely is a consequence of the advanced malignancy rather than a causative factor in the pathogenesis of prostatic cancer....

  3. Claudin-2 is an independent negative prognostic factor in breast cancer and specifically predicts early liver recurrences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimbung, Siker; Kovács, Anikó; Bendahl, Pär-Ola; Malmström, Per; Fernö, Mårten; Hatschek, Thomas; Hedenfalk, Ingrid

    2014-02-01

    Predicting any future metastatic site of early-stage breast cancer is important as it significantly influences the prognosis of advanced disease. This study aimed at investigating the potential of claudin-2, over-expressed in breast cancer liver metastases, as a biomarker for predicting liver metastatic propensity in primary breast cancer. Claudin-2 expression was analyzed in two independent cohorts. Cohort 1 included 304 women with metastatic breast cancer diagnosed between 2002 and 2007, while cohort 2 included 237 premenopausal women with early-stage node-negative breast cancer diagnosed between 1991 and 1994. Global transcriptional profiling of fine-needle aspirates from metastases was performed, followed by immunohistochemical analyses in archival primary tumor tissue. Associations between claudin-2 expression and relapse site were assessed by univariable and multivariable Cox regression models including conventional prognostic factors. Two-sided statistical tests were used. CLDN2 was significantly up-regulated (P liver metastases compared to other metastatic sites. Claudin-2 protein was more frequently expressed in primary tumors from patients who subsequently developed liver metastases (P = 0.02) and high expression was associated with a shorter metastasis-free interval (cohort 1, HR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.0-1.9; cohort 2, HR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.3-3.5). Specifically, a significantly shorter interval between primary tumor diagnosis and liver-specific recurrence was observed among patients with high levels of claudin-2 expression in the primary tumor (cohort 1, HR = 2.3, 95% CI = 1.3-3.9). These results suggest a novel role for claudin-2 as a prognostic biomarker with the ability to predict not only the likelihood of a breast cancer recurrence, but more interestingly, the liver metastatic potential of the primary tumor. Copyright © 2013 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Impact of prognostic factors for postmastectomy radiation therapy of breast cancer patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonov, K. A.; Startseva, Zh. A.; Slonimskaya, E. M.; Velikaya, V. V.

    2017-09-01

    The study included 196 breast cancer patients with stages T1-3N0-3M0. The comprehensive therapy for breast cancer included surgical operation, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Multivariate analysis showed that multifocality growth of tumor (p = 0.004), high grade III (p = 0.008), two metastatic lymph nodes (p = 0.02) were associated with an increased risk of regional node failure in the patients with one to three positive lymph nodes. The prognostic models describing the probability of local recurrences of breast cancer were developed for individualization of the radiation therapy tactics. Postmastectomy radiation therapy in the patients with high-risk breast cancer treated with modified radical mastectomy improves locoregional control, breast cancer-specific survival, does not increase late toxicity.

  5. Outcomes and prognostic factors that influence the success of tooth autotransplantation in children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kafourou, Vasiliki; Tong, Huei Jinn; Day, Peter; Houghton, Nadine; Spencer, R James; Duggal, Monty

    2017-10-01

    Tooth autotransplantation has been advocated for replacement of missing teeth or teeth that are unsuitable for restoration. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes and prognostic factors that influenced the success of tooth transplantation in a paediatric population. Data were extracted from the records of 75 patients (89 teeth). Demographic and prognostic factors were recorded and analysed for the clinical and radiographic outcomes for periodontal ligament (PDL) and pulp healing of transplanted teeth. The mean age at transplant was 13.2 years, and the mean follow-up observation period was 2.6±1.8 years with a range of 12.0 months to 9.9 years. The main reason for transplantation was to replace upper central incisors lost or missing due to dental trauma, hypodontia and dilaceration. Of the 45 teeth that were monitored for pulp revascularization, 75.6% showed clinical and radiographic signs of pulp healing and 24.4% showed signs of pulp necrosis and infection. Pulp healing was significantly related to the stage of root development of the transplant. Favourable PDL healing was observed in 87.6% of the transplants, while 13.5% showed signs of replacement resorption. PDL healing was significantly related to the stage of root formation of the transplanted tooth at the time of the surgery, the ease of handling and placement of the tooth, and the status of the alveolar bone at the recipient site at the time of the surgery. Overall success of tooth transplantation was 87.6%, and the survival rate was 94.4%. Tooth transplantation carried out in children and adolescents demonstrated high success and survival, with the stage of root development influencing both the pulp and PDL healing of the transplanted teeth. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Clinicodemographic aspect of resectable pancreatic cancer and prognostic factors for resectable cancer

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    Chiang Kun-Chun

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PCA is one of the most lethal human malignancies, and radical surgery remains the cornerstone of treatment. After resection, the overall 5-year survival rate is only 10% to 29%. At the time of presentation, however, about 40% of patients generally have distant metastases and another 40% are usually diagnosed with locally advanced cancers. The remaining 20% of patients are indicated for surgery on the basis of the results of preoperative imaging studies; however, about half of these patients are found to be unsuitable for resection during surgical exploration. In the current study, we aimed to determine the clinicopathological characteristics that predict the resectability of PCA and to conduct a prognostic analysis of PCA after resection to identify favorable survival factors. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical files of 688 patients (422 men and 266 women who had undergone surgery for histopathologically proven PCA in the Department of Surgery at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taiwan from 1981 to 2006. We compared the clinical characteristics of patients who underwent resection and patients who did not undergo resection in order to identify the predictive factors for successful resectability of PCA, and we conducted prognostic analysis for PCA after resection. Results A carbohydrate antigen 19–9 (CA 19–9 level of 37 U/ml or greater and a tumor size of 3 cm or more independently predicted resectability of PCA. In terms of survival after resection, PCA patients with better nutritional status (measured as having an albumin level greater than 3.5 g/dl, radical resection, early tumor stage and better-differentiated tumors were associated with favorable survival. Conclusions Besides traditional imaging studies, preoperative CA 19–9 levels and tumor size can also be used to determine the resectability of PCA. Better nutritional status, curative resection, early tumor stage and well

  7. Prognostic factors of sorafenib therapy in hepatocellular carcinoma patients with failure of transarterial chemoembolization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sangheun; Kang, Jung Hyun; Kim, Do Young; Ahn, Sang Hoon; Park, Jun Yong; Kim, Beom Kyung; Kim, Seung Up; Han, Kwang-Hyub

    2017-05-01

    There is no approved therapy for patients with failed transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and prognostic factors in patients with TACE failure who received sorafenib rescue therapy. We investigated 54 patients who met the criteria of TACE failure as defined by the international guidelines of Europe and Japan. Sorafenib was used as a rescue therapy. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier methods, and multivariate analysis was performed to find prognostic factors. The patients were followed for a median 5.5 months, and the median duration of sorafenib administration was 3.3 months. The presence of main (or lobar) portal vein invasion (PVI) (3.7 versus 8.4 months, p = 0.004), dose reduction of sorafenib (4.0 versus 8.8 months, p = 0.002) and Child-Pugh class B (5.3 versus 8.9 months, p = 0.004) were associated with shorter OS compared to the presence of segmental PVI (or absence of macroscopic vascular invasion, MVI), full dosage of sorafenib and Child-Pugh class A, respectively. The presence of main (or lobar) PVI was associated with poorer PFS compared to the presence of segmental PVI (or absence of MVI) (2.1 versus 3.8 months p = 0.010). Sorafenib is a potential rescue therapy in patients with TACE failure. However, the clinical benefits need to be further evaluated for patients with main (or lobar) PVI or those treated with reduced doses of sorafenib.

  8. Clinical features and prognostic factors in patients with bone metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma after liver transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    He Jian

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the clinical features and prognostic factors of bone metastases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC following liver transplantation (LT. Methods All adult patients undergoing LT from 2001 to 2010 were reviewed. Patients with HCC bone metastases after LT received external beam radiotherapy(EBRT during this period. Demographic variables, laboratory values, and tumor characteristics were determined before LT and EBRT. Total radiation dose ranged from 8 to 60 Gy(median dose 40.0 Gy. Results The trunk was the most common site of bone metastases with finding of expansile soft-tissue masses in 23.3% of patients. Overall pain relief from EBRT occurred in 96.7% (29/30. No consistent dose-response relationship was found for palliation of with doses between 30 and 56 Gy (P = 0.670. The median survivals from the time of bone metastases was 8.6 months. On univariate and multivariate analyses, better survival was significantly associated with a better Karnofsky performance status (KPS and well-controlled intrahepatic tumor, but not with lower alpha-fetoprotein levels. The median time from LT to bone metastases was 7.1 months. Patients exceeding the Shanghai criteria presented with bone metastases earlier than those within the Fudan criteria. Patients with soft-tissue extension always had later bone metastases. The majority of deaths were caused by liver failure due to hepatic decompensation or tumor progression. Conclusion The prognostic factors of bone metastases of HCC following LT are KPS and well-controlled intrahepatic. Even though survival is shorter for these patients, EBRT provides effective palliation of pain.

  9. CD47 is an adverse prognostic factor and a therapeutic target in gastric cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Kazumichi; Tsujimoto, Hironori; Matsumura, Kouji; Kinoshita, Manabu; Takahata, Risa; Matsumoto, Yusuke; Hiraki, Shuichi; Ono, Satoshi; Seki, Shuhji; Yamamoto, Junji; Hase, Kazuo

    2015-09-01

    CD47 is an antiphagocytic molecule that acts via ligation to signal regulatory protein alpha on phagocytes; its enhanced expression and therapeutic targeting have recently been reported for several malignancies. However, CD47 expression in gastric cancer is not well documented. Immunohistochemical expression of CD47 in surgical specimens was investigated. Expression of CD47 and CD44, a known gastric cancer stem cell marker, were investigated in gastric cancer cell lines by flow cytometry. MKN45 and MKN74 gastric cancer cells were sorted by fluorescence-activated cell sorting according to CD44 and CD47 expression levels, and their in vitro proliferation, spheroid-forming capacity, and in vivo tumorigenicity were studied. In vitro phagocytosis of cancer cells by human macrophages in the presence of a CD47 blocking monoclonal antibody (B6H12) and the survival of immunodeficient mice intraperitoneally engrafted with MKN45 cells and B6H12 were compared to experiments using control antibodies. Immunohistochemistry of the clinical specimens indicated that CD47 was positive in 57 out of 115 cases, and its positivity was an independent adverse prognostic factor. Approximately 90% of the MKN45 and MKN74 cells expressed CD47 and CD44. CD47(hi) gastric cancer cells showed significantly higher proliferation and spheroid colony formation than CD47(lo) , and CD44(hi) CD47(hi) cells showed the highest proliferation in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo. B6H12 significantly enhanced in vitro phagocytosis of cancer cells by human macrophages and prolonged the survival of intraperitoneal cancer dissemination in mice compared to control antibodies. In conclusion, CD47 is an adverse prognostic factor and promising therapeutic target in gastric cancer. © 2015 The Authors. Cancer Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. An association study of established breast cancer reproductive and lifestyle risk factors with tumour subtype defined by the prognostic 70-gene expression signature (MammaPrint®).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makama, M; Drukker, C A; Rutgers, E J Th; Slaets, L; Cardoso, F; Rookus, M A; Tryfonidis, K; Van't Veer, L J; Schmidt, M K

    2017-04-01

    Reproductive and lifestyle factors influence both breast cancer risk and prognosis; this might be through breast cancer subtype. Subtypes defined by immunohistochemical hormone receptor markers and gene expression signatures are used to predict prognosis of breast cancer patients based on their tumour biology. We investigated the association between established breast cancer risk factors and the 70-gene prognostication signature in breast cancer patients. Standardised questionnaires were used to obtain information on established risk factors of breast cancer from the Dutch patients of the MINDACT trial. Clinical-pathological and genomic information were obtained from the trial database. Logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the associations between lifestyle risk factors and tumour prognostic subtypes, measured by the 70-gene MammaPrint® signature (i.e. low-risk or high-risk tumours). Of the 1555 breast cancer patients included, 910 had low-risk and 645 had high-risk tumours. Current body mass index (BMI), age at menarche, age at first birth, age at menopause, hormonal contraceptive use and hormone replacement therapy use were not associated with MammaPrint®. In parous women, higher parity was associated with a lower risk (OR: 0.75, [95% confidence interval {CI}: 0.59-0.95] P = 0.018) and longer breastfeeding duration with a higher risk (OR: 1.03, [95% CI: 1.01-1.05] P = 0.005) of developing high-risk tumours; risk estimates were similar within oestrogen receptor-positive disease. After stratifying by menopausal status, the associations remained present in post-menopausal women. Using prognostic gene expression profiles, we have indications that specific reproductive factors may be associated with prognostic tumour subtypes beyond hormone receptor status. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Multicollinearity in prognostic factor analyses using the EORTC QLQ-C30: identification and impact on model selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Steen, Kristel; Curran, Desmond; Kramer, Jocelyn; Molenberghs, Geert; Van Vreckem, Ann; Bottomley, Andrew; Sylvester, Richard

    2002-12-30

    Clinical and quality of life (QL) variables from an EORTC clinical trial of first line chemotherapy in advanced breast cancer were used in a prognostic factor analysis of survival and response to chemotherapy. For response, different final multivariate models were obtained from forward and backward selection methods, suggesting a disconcerting instability. Quality of life was measured using the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire completed by patients. Subscales on the questionnaire are known to be highly correlated, and therefore it was hypothesized that multicollinearity contributed to model instability. A correlation matrix indicated that global QL was highly correlated with 7 out of 11 variables. In a first attempt to explore multicollinearity, we used global QL as dependent variable in a regression model with other QL subscales as predictors. Afterwards, standard diagnostic tests for multicollinearity were performed. An exploratory principal components analysis and factor analysis of the QL subscales identified at most three important components and indicated that inclusion of global QL made minimal difference to the loadings on each component, suggesting that it is redundant in the model. In a second approach, we advocate a bootstrap technique to assess the stability of the models. Based on these analyses and since global QL exacerbates problems of multicollinearity, we therefore recommend that global QL be excluded from prognostic factor analyses using the QLQ-C30. The prognostic factor analysis was rerun without global QL in the model, and selected the same significant prognostic factors as before. Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  12. Whole pelvis radiotherapy for pathological node-positive prostate cancer. Oncological outcome and prognostic factors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poelaert, Filip; Decaestecker, Karel; Claeys, Tom; Dhondt, Bert; Lumen, Nicolaas [Ghent University Hospital, Department of Urology, Ghent (Belgium); Fonteyne, Valerie; Ost, Piet [Ghent University Hospital, Department of Radiation Oncology, Ghent (Belgium); Troyer, Bart de [AZ Nikolaas, Department of Urology, Sint-Niklaas (Belgium); Meerleer, Gert de [University Hospitals Leuven, Department of Radiation Oncology, Leuven (Belgium); Visschere, Pieter de [Ghent University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Ghent (Belgium)

    2017-06-15

    The goal of this work was to investigate the oncological outcome of whole pelvis radiotherapy (wpRT) in pathologic pelvic lymph node-positive (pN1) prostate cancer (PCa), evaluate the location of relapse, and identify potential prognostic factors. All patients undergoing pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) since the year 2000 at a single tertiary care center were evaluated. A total of 154 patients with pN1 PCa were treated with wpRT (39 in an adjuvant setting) and 2-3 years of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to estimate biochemical recurrence-free survival (bRFS), clinical progression-free survival (cPFS), and prostate cancer-specific survival (CSS). Uni- and multivariate regression analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors. Estimated bRFS was 67%, cPFS was 71%, and CSS was 96% at 5 years. Median follow-up was 55 months (interquartile range 25-87). Multivariate analysis identified having only 1 positive lymph node, a shorter time between diagnosis and PLND, and older age as independent favorable prognostic factors for biochemical and clinical recurrence. The number of positive lymph nodes was prognostic for CSS (hazard ratio [HR] 1.34, 95% confidence interval 1.17-1.54) and OS (HR 1.22, 95% confidence interval 1.10-1.36). Bone metastases were the most frequent location of PCa relapse (n = 32, 64%). Patients with pN1 PCa treated with wpRT and 2-3 years ADT have an encouraging 5-year CSS. Understaging of the disease extent may be the most important enemy in definitive pN1 PCa treatment. (orig.) [German] Das Ziel dieser Studie war es, das onkologische Outcome der Bestrahlung des gesamten Beckens (wpRT) beim histologisch gesicherten nodal metastasierten Prostatakarzinom zu untersuchen, die Lokalisation eines eventuellen Rezidivs zu charakterisieren und moegliche prognostische Faktoren zu identifizieren. Alle Patienten, bei denen seit dem Jahr 2000 eine pelvine Lymphknotendissektion (PLND) durchgefuehrt worden war

  13. Causes and prognostic factors of remission induction failure in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia treated with all-trans retinoic acid and idarubicin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. de Serna (Javier); P. Montesinos (Pau); E. Vellenga (Edo); C. Rayón (Chelo); R. Parody (Ricardo); A. León (Angel); J. Esteve (Jordi); J.M. Bergua (Juan Miguel); G. Milone (Gustavo); G. Debén (Guillermo); C. Rivas (Concha); M. González (Marcos); M. Tormo (Mar); J. Díaz-Mediavilla (Joaquín); J.D. González (Jose); S. Negri (Silvia); E. Amutio (Elena); S. Brunet (Salut); B. Löwenberg (Bob); M.A. Sanz (Miguel Angel)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractAn understanding of the prognostic factors associated with the various forms of induction mortality in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has remained remarkably limited. This study reports the incidence, time of occurrence, and prognostic factors of the major categories of

  14. Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein as a prognostic factor in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, You Hwan; Kim, Kyuseok; Lee, Jae Hyuk; Rhee, Joong Eui; Lee, Jin Hee; Kang, Kyeong Won; Rim, Kwang Pil; Hwang, Seung Sik; Park, Hyun-Mi

    2012-11-01

    This study was performed to evaluate whether heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) could predict 28-day mortality in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. We performed a prospective observational study and included consecutive patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Patients' demographic data, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, and the blood test results including H-FABP concentrations were compared between the 28-day survivors and nonsurvivors. The association between the concentration of H-FABP and survival was analyzed with multivariate logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses. The prognostic performance of H-FABP was compared with those of the APACHE II score and albumin using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Of the 99 patients, 38 (38%) died. The mortality rate increased with increasing H-FABP concentration. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, H-FABP greater than 40 ng/mL was an independent predictor of mortality compared with H-FABP less than 7 ng/mL (odds ratios, 9.23; 95% confidence interval, 1.29-65.86). By Cox proportional hazards analysis, H-FABP greater than 40 ng/mL was associated with a 5.57-fold increased risk for death during the 28-day follow-up period (hazard ratio, 5.57; 95% confidence interval, 1.20-25.80). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of H-FABP was 0.739 (95% confidence interval, 0.640-0.839), which was comparable with those of the APACHE II score and albumin. The H-FABP was an independent prognostic factor and could be a useful biomarker for 28-day mortality in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Prognostic value of epidermal growth factor receptor amplification and EGFRvIII in glioblastoma: meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, J-R; Xu, H-Z; Yao, Y; Qin, Z-Y

    2015-11-01

    Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene amplification and the EGFRvIII mutation may have prognostic value in patients with glioblastoma. This meta-analysis was to determine whether EGFR gene amplification or the EGFRvIII mutation are predictors of survival in patients with glioblastoma and anaplastic astrocytoma. Medline, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched until July 31, 2014. Studies were selected for inclusion in the analysis if they included patients with anaplastic astrocytoma and/or glioblastoma, EGFR and/or EGFRvIII mutation status was reported, and overall survival (OS) data were reported. Of 113 articles initially identified, only eight contained data with respect to the outcome of interest and were included in the meta-analysis. The number of cases ranged from 14 to 268, and the majority of patients were 60 or more years of age. There was no significant difference in OS between EGFR amplification-positive and EGFR amplification-negative glioblastoma patients (pooled hazard ratio [HR] = 1.101, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.845, 1.434, P = 0.475) or anaplastic astrocytoma patients (pooled HR = 1.455, 95% CI 0.852, 2.482, P = 0.169). There was no significant difference in OS between EGFRvIII-positive and EGFRvIII-negative glioblastoma patients (pooled HR = 1.321, 95% CI: 0.881-1.981, P = 0.178). Significant heterogeneity existed between the studies, and the significance changed when the analysis was performed with studies removed in turn. There is insufficient evidence that either EGFR amplification or the EGFRvIII mutation has prognostic value in patients with glioblastoma. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Ovarian metastases resection from extragenital primary sites: outcome and prognostic factor analysis of 147 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Wenhua

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To explore the outcomes and prognostic factors of ovarian metastasectomy intervention on overall survival from extragenital primary cancer. Methods Patients with ovarian metastases from extragenital primary cancer confirmed by laparotomy surgery and ovarian metastases resection were retrospectively collected in a single institution during an 8-year period. A total of 147 cases were identified and primary tumor sites were colorectal region (49.0%, gastric (40.8%, breast (8.2%, biliary duct (1.4% and liver (0.7%. The pathological and clinical features were evaluated. Patients’ outcome with different primary tumor sites and predictive factors for overall survival were also investigated by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results Metachronous ovarian metastasis occurred in 92 (62.6% and synchronous in 55 (37.4% patients. Combined metastases occurred in 40 (27.2%. Bilateral metastasis was found in 97 (66% patients. The median ovarian metastasis tumor size was 9 cm. There were 39 (26.5% patients with massive ascites ≥ 1000 mL on intraoperative evaluation. With a median follow-up of 48 months, the median OS after ovarian metastasectomy for all patients was 8.2 months (95% CI 7.2-9.3 months. In univariate analyses, there is significant (8.0 months vs. 41.0 months, P = 0.000 difference in OS between patients with gastrointestinal cancer origin from breast origin, and between patients with gastric origin from colorectal origin (7.4 months vs. 8.8 months, P = 0.036. In univariate analyses, synchronous metastases, locally invasion, massive intraoperative ascites (≥ 1000 mL, and combined metastasis, were identified as significant poor prognostic factors. In multivariate analyses combined metastasis (RR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.09-2.69, P = 0.018, locally invasion (RR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.03-2.54, P = 0.038 and massive intraoperative ascites (RR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.02-2.49, P = 0.04 were independent factors for predicting

  17. Ovarian metastases resection from extragenital primary sites: outcome and prognostic factor analysis of 147 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wenhua; Wang, Huaying; Wang, Jian; L V, Fangfang; Zhu, Xiaodong; Wang, Zhonghua

    2012-07-03

    To explore the outcomes and prognostic factors of ovarian metastasectomy intervention on overall survival from extragenital primary cancer. Patients with ovarian metastases from extragenital primary cancer confirmed by laparotomy surgery and ovarian metastases resection were retrospectively collected in a single institution during an 8-year period. A total of 147 cases were identified and primary tumor sites were colorectal region (49.0%), gastric (40.8%), breast (8.2%), biliary duct (1.4%) and liver (0.7%). The pathological and clinical features were evaluated. Patients' outcome with different primary tumor sites and predictive factors for overall survival were also investigated by univariate and multivariate analysis. Metachronous ovarian metastasis occurred in 92 (62.6%) and synchronous in 55 (37.4%) patients. Combined metastases occurred in 40 (27.2%). Bilateral metastasis was found in 97 (66%) patients. The median ovarian metastasis tumor size was 9 cm. There were 39 (26.5%) patients with massive ascites ≥ 1000 mL on intraoperative evaluation. With a median follow-up of 48 months, the median OS after ovarian metastasectomy for all patients was 8.2 months (95% CI 7.2-9.3 months). In univariate analyses, there is significant (8.0 months vs. 41.0 months, P = 0.000) difference in OS between patients with gastrointestinal cancer origin from breast origin, and between patients with gastric origin from colorectal origin (7.4 months vs. 8.8 months, P = 0.036). In univariate analyses, synchronous metastases, locally invasion, massive intraoperative ascites (≥ 1000 mL), and combined metastasis, were identified as significant poor prognostic factors. In multivariate analyses combined metastasis (RR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.09-2.69, P = 0.018), locally invasion (RR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.03-2.54, P = 0.038) and massive intraoperative ascites (RR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.02-2.49, P = 0.04) were independent factors for predicting unfavorable overall survival. Ovarian

  18. Prognostic factors for the success of endometrial ablation in the treatment of menorrhagia with special reference to previous cesarean section

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peeters, Jos A. H.; Penninx, Josien P. M.; Mol, Ben Willem; Bongers, Marlies Y.

    2013-01-01

    To assess whether, among other prognostic factors, a history of Cesarean section is associated with endometrial ablation failure in the treatment of menorrhagia. Study design We compared women who had failed ablation to women who had successful ablation for menorrhagia in a case-control study.

  19. Progression and Prognostic Factors of Motor Impairment, Disability and Quality of Life in Newly Diagnosed Parkinson's Disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, Bart; Muslimovic, Dino; van Geloven, Nan; Speelman, Johannes D.; Schmand, Ben; de Haan, Rob J.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To determine progression and prognostic factors of progression rate of motor impairment, disability, and quality of life (QoL) in patients with newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease. Methods: A group of 126 patients with newly diagnosed PD recruited from outpatient clinics participated in

  20. Progression and prognostic factors of motor impairment, disability and quality of life in newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, B.; Muslimovic, D.; van Geloven, N.; Speelman, J.D.; Schmand, B.; de Haan, R.J.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To determine progression and prognostic factors of progression rate of motor impairment, disability, and quality of life (QoL) in patients with newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease. Methods: A group of 126 patients with newly diagnosed PD recruited from outpatient clinics participated in

  1. Acute Heart Failure in the Elderly : Differences in Clinical Characteristics, Outcomes, and Prognostic Factors in the VERITAS Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Metra, Marco; Cotter, Gad; El-Khorazaty, Jill; Davison, Beth A.; Milo, Olga; Carubelli, Valentina; Bourge, Robert C.; Cleland, John G.; Jondeau, Guillaume; Krum, Henry; O'Connor, Christopher M.; Parker, John D.; Torre-Amione, Guillermo; van Veldhuisen, Dirk J.; Rainisio, Maurizio; Kobrin, Isaac; Mcmurray, John J.; Teerlink, John R.

    Background: Acute heart failure (HF) is common in the elderly, but the association of age with clinical outcomes and prognostic factors has not been examined thoroughly. Methods and Results: We analyzed the clinical and laboratory characteristics and the outcomes of 1,347 patients with acute HF

  2. Prognostic factors for perioperative myocardial infarction and immediate mortality in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirtha López Ramírez

    2016-03-01

    Conclusions: Older age and higher body mass index were protective prognostic factors for perioperative acute myocardial infarction events. Prolonged surgical time and complications were independently associated with perioperative infarction and mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Low preoperative glomerular filtration rate was also associated with mortality.

  3. International germ cell consensus classification : A prognostic factor-erased staging system for metastatic germ cell cancers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mead, GM; Stenning, SP; Cook, P; Fossa, SD; Horwich, A; Kaye, SB; Oliver, RTD; deMulder, PHM; deWit, R; Stoter, G; Sylvester, RJ; Bajorin, DF; Bosl, GJ; Mazumdar, M; Nichols, CR; Amato, R; Pizzocaro, G; Droz, JP; Kramar, A; Daugaard, G; CortesFunes, H; PazAres, L; Levi, JA; Colls, BM; Harvey, VJ; Coppin, C

    Purpose: Cisplatin-containing chemotherapy has dramatically improved the outlook for patients with metastatic germ cell tumors (GCT), and overall cure rates now exceed 80%. To make appropriate risk-based decisions about therapy and to facilitate collaborative trials, a simple prognostic factor-based

  4. PROGNOSTIC FACTORS FOR SURVIVAL OF MEN1 PATIENTS WITH DUODENOPANCREATIC TUMORS METASTATIC TO THE LIVER : RESULTS FROM THE DMSG

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Conemans, Elfi B.; Nell, Sjoerd; Pieterman, Carolina R. C.; de Herder, Wouter W.; Dekkers, Olaf M.; Hermus, Ad R.; van der Horst-Schrivers, Anouk N.; Bisschop, Peter H.; Havekes, Bas; Drent, Madeleine L.; Vriens, Menno R.; Valk, Gerlof D.

    Objective: Duodenopancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (DP-NETs) develop in a majority of patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) and are the leading cause of death. Overall survival (OS) and prognostic factors for patients with liver metastases from DP-NETs are not known. Methods: This

  5. Demographic Clinical and Prognostic Factors of Primary Ovarian Adenocarcinomas of Serous and Clear Cell Histology—A Comparative Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schnack, Tine H; Høgdall, Estrid; Nedergaard, Lotte

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical demographic and prognostic factors as well as overall survival in a nationwide cohort of patients diagnosed with ovarian clear cell carcinoma (oCCC) and high grade ovarian serous adenocarcinoma (oSAC) during 2005 to 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Population-based pros...

  6. Prognostic factors for intervention effect on neck/shoulder symptom intensity and disability among female computer workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Larsman, Pernilla; Sandsjö, Leif; Kadefors, Roland; Voerman, Gerlienke; Vollenbroek-Hutten, Miriam Marie Rosé; Hermens, Hermanus J.

    2009-01-01

    Introduction It has been suggested that treatments may be more effective when they are matched to patient characteristics. This study aimed at investigating potential prognostic factors for clinically relevant improvement in symptom intensity and symptom-related disability among employees with

  7. Prognostic factors for intervention effect on neck/shoulder symptom intensity and disability among female computer workers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Larsman, P.; Sandsjo, L.; Kadefors, R.; Voerman, G.E.; Vollenbroek-Hutten, M.M.; Hermens, H.

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: It has been suggested that treatments may be more effective when they are matched to patient characteristics. This study aimed at investigating potential prognostic factors for clinically relevant improvement in symptom intensity and symptom-related disability among employees with

  8. Prognostic factors for weight loss over 1-year period in patients recently diagnosed with mild Alzheimer Disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Marie-Louise H; Waldorff, Frans B; Waldemar, Gunhild

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the study was to identify prognostic factors for weight loss in patients recently diagnosed with mild Alzheimer disease (AD), with special emphasis on the patients' social participation and living arrangements. The data used in this study was part of the Danish Alzheimer Intervention...

  9. Pretreatment serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen : A newly identified prognostic factor in early-stage cervical carcinoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duk, JM; Groenier, KH; deBruijn, HWA; Hollema, H; tenHoor, KA; vanderZee, AGJ; Aalders, JG

    Purpose: To investigate the prognostic value of pretreatment serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-ag) levels in patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma in relation to well-established conventional risk factors. Patients and Methods: Sere from 653 women treated for squamous cervical

  10. Progression and prognostic factors of motor impairment, disability and quality of life in newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, B.; Muslimovic, D.; Geloven, N. van; Speelman, J.D.; Schmand, B.; Haan, R.J. de

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine progression and prognostic factors of progression rate of motor impairment, disability, and quality of life (QoL) in patients with newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease. METHODS: A group of 126 patients with newly diagnosed PD recruited from outpatient clinics participated in

  11. Prognostic factors for specific lower extremity and spinal musculoskeletal injuries identified through medical screening and training load monitoring in professional football (soccer): a systematic review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sergeant, Jamie C; Parkes, Matthew J; Callaghan, Michael J

    2017-01-01

    Background Medical screening and load monitoring procedures are commonly used in professional football to assess factors perceived to be associated with injury. Objectives To identify prognostic factors (PFs) and models for lower extremity and spinal musculoskeletal injuries in professional/elite football players from medical screening and training load monitoring processes. Methods The MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, SPORTDiscus and PubMed electronic bibliographic databases were searched (from inception to January 2017). Prospective and retrospective cohort studies of lower extremity and spinal musculoskeletal injury incidence in professional/elite football players aged between 16 and 40 years were included. The Quality in Prognostic Studies appraisal tool and the modified Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation synthesis approach was used to assess the quality of the evidence. Results Fourteen studies were included. 16 specific lower extremity injury outcomes were identified. No spinal injury outcomes were identified. Meta-analysis was not possible due to heterogeneity and study quality. All evidence related to PFs and specific lower extremity injury outcomes was of very low to low quality. On the few occasions where multiple studies could be used to compare PFs and outcomes, only two factors demonstrated consensus. A history of previous hamstring injuries (HSI) and increasing age may be prognostic for future HSI in male players. Conclusions The assumed ability of medical screening tests to predict specific musculoskeletal injuries is not supported by the current evidence. Screening procedures should currently be considered as benchmarks of function or performance only. The prognostic value of load monitoring modalities is unknown. PMID:29177074

  12. Modifying effect of gender on the prognostic value of clinicopathological factors and Ki67 expression in melanoma: a population-based cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fridberg Marie

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malignant melanoma is the most deadly form of skin cancer. Female sex is known to have a protective effect on incidence, tumour characteristics, and mortality from melanoma. However, the potentially modifying effect of sex on the prognostic significance of clinicopathological and investigative factors is generally not taken into consideration in biomarker studies. In this study, we compared the sex-specific distribution and prognostic value of established tumour characteristics and Ki67 expression in 255 cases of incident primary melanoma in a prospective, population-based cohort study. Methods The study included 255 incident cases of melanoma, 132 females and 123 males, in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study. Tumours from 226 (88.6% cases had been assembled in tissue microarrays. Clinicopathological factors and immunohistochemical Ki67 expression were assessed and correlated with disease-free survival (DFS and overall survival (OS using Kaplan-Meier analysis, log rank test and univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses, stratified for gender. Effect of gender on melanoma-specific survival (MSS after first recurrence was also analysed. Results Women were significantly younger at diagnosis than men (p = 0.012. The most common tumour sites were the legs in women (37.5% and the dorsal trunk in men (37.8%. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that tumour location had no prognostic impact in women, but in men, location to the frontal trunk was significantly associated with a reduced DFS compared with all other locations combined and location to the dorsal trunk was significantly associated with a prolonged OS. High Ki67 expression was significantly associated with a reduced DFS and OS in men but not in women, also when adjusted for other factors. In men, but not in women, ulceration was an independent prognostic factor for both DFS and OS. MSS after first local, regional or distant recurrence was significantly shorter for

  13. The combination of preoperative serum C-reactive protein and carcinoembryonic antigen is a useful prognostic factor in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: a combined ROC analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Y

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Ying Huang,1 Jin-Shi Liu,2 Ji-Feng Feng2 1Department of Nursing, 2Department of Thoracic Surgery, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China Background: The prognostic value of inflammatory index in esophageal cancer (EC has not been established. In the present study, therefore, we initially evaluated a novel prognostic system, named the COCC (COmbination of C-reactive protein [CRP] and carcinoembryonic antigen [CEA], for making a prognosis in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC.Methods: A total of 327 patients with ESCC between January 2006 and December 2008 were included in this retrospective study. The COCC was calculated by combined CRP and CEA according to the logistic equation. The Kaplan–Meier method was used to calculate the cancer-specific survival (CSS, and the difference was assessed by the log-rank test. Cox regression analyses were performed to evaluate the prognostic factors.Results: In our study, COCC was defined as CRP +0.71 CEA according to the logistic equation. Receiver operating characteristic curves for CSS prediction were plotted to verify the optimum cutoff points for CRP, CEA, and COCC, which were 9.8 mg/L, 4.2 ng/mL, and 8.0, respectively. Patients with COCC ≤8.0 had a significantly better CSS than patients with COCC >8.0 (53.1% vs 15.3%, P<0.001. Multivariate analysis revealed that COCC was an independent prognostic factor in patients with ESCC (P=0.006. In addition, the area under the curve (AUC was 0.722 for COCC, 0.645 for CRP, and 0.618 for CEA, indicating that COCC was superior to CRP or CEA for CSS prediction.Conclusion: The COCC is an independent prognostic factor in patients with ESCC. We conclude that COCC was superior to CRP or CEA as a more precise prognostic factor in patients with ESCC. Keywords: esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, C-reactive protein, carcinoembryonic antigen, cancer-specific survival, prognosis

  14. Histogram analysis of apparent diffusion coefficient at 3.0t: Correlation with prognostic factors and subtypes of invasive ductal carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Eun Jeong; Kim, Sung Hun; Park, Ga Eun; Kang, Bong Joo; Song, Byung Joo; Kim, Yun Ju; Lee, Dongeon; Ahn, Hyunsoo; Kim, Inah; Son, Yo Han; Grimm, Robert

    2015-12-01

    To evaluate apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram parameters that show correlations with prognostic factors and subtypes of breast cancer. At 3.0T, various ADC histogram parameters were calculated including the entire tumor volume in 173 invasive ductal carcinomas: the minimum, 10th percentile, mean, median, 90th percentile, and maximum. ADC parameters were correlated with prognostic factors and subtype. The mean ADCmedian value was significantly higher in the group with lymph node metastasis, HER2 positivity, and a Ki-67 value correlation between ADCmedian and tumor size, histologic grade, estrogen receptor expression, and progesterone receptor expression (P = 0.272, 0.113, 0.261, and 0.181, respectively). For most ADC parameters except for ADCmin , the mean of variable ADC parameters of HER2-positive, luminal A, luminal B-HER2(+), triple-negative, and luminal B-HER2(-) diseases were arranged in descending order (1.175, 0.936, 0.863, 0.811, and 0.665 × 10(-3) mm(2) /s in ADCmedian , respectively) with statistical significant difference (P coefficient = -0.317). Various ADC parameters were correlated with prognostic factors and subtype, except for ADCmin . HER2 positivity showed high ADC values and high Ki-67 index revealed low ADC values. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Standardized uptake value and apparent diffusion coefficient of endometrial cancer evaluated with integrated whole-body PET/MR: Correlation with pathological prognostic factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, I-Lun; Yen, Ruoh-Fang; Chen, Chi-An; Chen, Bang-Bin; Wei, Shwu-Yuan; Chang, Wen-Chun; Sheu, Bor-Ching; Cheng, Wen-Fang; Tseng, Yao-Hui; Chen, Xin-Jia; Chen, Chi-Hau; Wei, Lin-Hung; Chiang, Ying-Cheng; Torng, Pao-Ling; Yen, Men-Luh; Shih, Tiffany Ting-Fang

    2015-12-01

    To evaluate the correlation between maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax ) and minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmin ) of endometrial cancer derived from an integrated positron emission tomography / magnetic resonance (PET/MR) system and to determine their correlation with pathological prognostic factors. This prospective study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the hospital, and informed consent was obtained. Between April and December 2014, 47 consecutive patients with endometrial cancer were enrolled and underwent simultaneous PET/MR examinations before surgery. Thirty-six patients with measurable tumors on PET/MR were included for image analysis. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the correlation between SUVmax and ADCmin of the tumors. The Mann-Whitney U-test was utilized to evaluate relationships between these two imaging biomarkers and pathological prognostic factors. The mean SUVmax and ADCmin were 14.7 ± 7.1 and 0.48 ± 0.13 × 10(-3) mm(2) /s, respectively. A significant inverse correlation was found between SUVmax and ADCmin (r = -0.53; P = 0.001). SUVmax was significantly higher in tumors with advanced stage, deep myometrial invasion, cervical invasion, lymphovascular space involvement, and lymph node metastasis (P PET/MR are inversely correlated and are associated with pathological prognostic factors. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. Albumin and Neutrophil Combined Prognostic Grade as a New Prognostic Factor in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Results from a Large Consecutive Cohort.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haifeng Sun

    Full Text Available It has been reported nutritional status and systemic inflammation were associated with the outcome of patients with malignancies. However, the prognostic value of combination of them was really scarce, especially in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC. In order to find a more simple and efficient predictor, we hypothesized that pretreatment albumin and neutrophil combined prognostic grade (ANPG could offer an improved prognostic ability in NSCLC patients.We collected pretreatment albumin and neutrophil, clinicopathological, treatment and follow-up data of 1033 consecutive NSCLC patients treated between 2006 and 2011 in this retrospective study. The ANPG was calculated according to pretreatment albumin and neutrophil levels dichotomized by the optimal cut-off values, the quartile values and the clinical reference values. Kaplan-Meier (K-M curves and Cox proportional regression were used for survival analyses. All the data was analyzed by SPSS 20.0.According to optimal cut-off values and quartile values, significant differences were found in different pretreatment albumin, neutrophil levels and ANPG from the K-M curve (all p<0.05. Univariate analyses and multivariate analyses disclosed ANPG was a more sensitive independent predictor for both overall survival (OS and progression free survival (PFS than either albumin level or neutrophil level (HRs were higher for ANPG. As for clinical reference values, no significant difference of pretreatment albumin levels was found in K-M curve and univariate analyses. All three indexes lost their significance in multivariate analyses.Higher ANPG predicts worse OS and PFS in NSCLC patients independently, and it is more sensitive than hypoalbuminaemia and neutrophilia. It might be used as a reliable, convenient and more sensitive predictor to assist the identification of patients with poor prognosis and be a hierarchical factor in the future NSCLC clinical trials.

  17. Spindle cell carcinoma: the general demographics, basic clinico-pathologic characteristics, treatment, outcome and prognostic factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Lei; Cai, Deng; Muhetaer, Alanuer; Yang, Yin-Long; Ren, Fei; Yishake, Mumingjiang; Zhang, Hao; Fang, Yuan; Wushou, Alimujiang

    2017-01-01

    Background Owing to the rarity, the general demographics, basic clinico-pathologic features, management, outcome and prognostic factors of spindle cell carcinoma (SpCC) were unexplored. Methods A SEER analysis was performed with 2336 cases (1973-2016). Results A peak incidence occurred at 70~80 years without any gender predominance and 83.13% occurred in white people. The respiratory system was mostly affected tumor site (35%). Significant overall survival (OS) and disease specific survival (DSS) were found differentiated in gender, age, marital status, primary tumor location, AJCC stage, T stage, N stage, M stage, pathologic grade and treatment modality. In the multivariate Cox model, the age > 69 years (Hazard ratio [HR] = 1.427 for OS, P = 0.01 and HR = 1.491 for DSS, P = 0.003; Reference [Ref] age ≤ 69 years), tumor location in respiratory system (HR = 1.550 for OS, P = 0.041 and HR = 1.561 for DSS, P = 0.04; Ref: digestive system), N2 stage (HR = 1.962 for OS, P = 0.006 and HR = 1.982 for DSS, P = 0.004; Ref: N0 stage) and AJCC stage IV (HR = 4.601 for OS, P = 0.000 and HR = 5.107 for DSS, P = 0.000; Ref: stage I) were independently associated with worse OS and DSS. Conclusions SpCC mostly occurred in white people at 70~80 years old without predominance in any gender. The respiratory system was mostly affected site. The patient's age, primary tumor location, AJCC stage were independent prognostic indicators for both DSS and OS of SpCC. PMID:28591732

  18. Clinical and prognostic association of transcription factor SOX4 in gastric cancer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Lang Fang

    Full Text Available Gastric cancer (GC is one of the most common malignant cancers worldwide. However, little is known about the molecular process by which this disease develops and progresses. This study investigated correlations between the expression of nuclear transcription factor SOX4 and various clinicopathologic parameters as well as patients' survival. Expression levels of nuclear SOX4 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry; the data comprised gastric tissues from 168 patients with GC. Paired t tests were used to analyze the differences in nuclear SOX4 expression between tumor and non-tumor tissues from each patient. Two-tailed Χ(2 tests were performed to determine whether the differences in nuclear SOX4 expression and clinicopathologic parameters were significant. Time-to-event endpoints for clinicopathologic parameters were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method, and statistical significance was determined using univariate log-rank tests. Cox proportional hazard model was used for multivariate analysis to determine the independence of prognostic effects of nuclear SOX4 expression. Overexpression of nuclear SOX4 was significantly correlated with depth of invasion (P<0.0001, nodal status (P=0.0055, distant metastasis (P=0.0195, stage (P=0.0003, and vascular invasion (P=0.0383. Patients who displayed high expression levels of nuclear SOX4 achieved a significantly poorer disease-free survival rate, compared with patients with low SOX4 expression levels (P=0.003. Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that overexpression of nuclear SOX4 was a clear prognostic marker for GC (P=0.004. Overexpression of nuclear SOX4 can be used as a marker to predict the outcome of patients with GC.

  19. Outcomes and prognostic factors of surgical treatments for brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome in 3 breeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Nai-Chieh; Oechtering, Gerhard U; Adams, Vicki J; Kalmar, Lajos; Sargan, David R; Ladlow, Jane F

    2017-02-01

    To determine prognostic indicators for the surgical treatment of brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) and to compare the prognosis of 2 multilevel surgical procedures. Prospective clinical study. Client-owned pugs, French bulldogs, and bulldogs (n = 50). Noninvasive whole-body barometric plethysmography (WBBP) was used to assess respiratory function before, 1 month and 6 months after upper airway corrective surgery. Postoperatively, BOAS indices (ie, ascending severity score generated from WBBP data, 0%-100%) that equaled to or exceeded the cut-off values of BOAS in the diagnostic models were considered to have a "poor prognosis." A multivariate logistic regression was used to assess predictors for prognosis. The median BOAS indices decreased after surgery (from 76% to 63%, P < .0001), although dogs with indices in this range would still be considered clinically affected. Age (odds ratios [OR] = 0.96, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.93-0.99, P < .05), body condition (OR = 0.06, 95% CI: 0.01-0.39, P < .01), laryngeal collapse (OR = 6.1, 95% CI: 1-37.22, P < .05), and surgical techniques (OR = 7.94, 95% CI: 1.17-54.01, P < .05) were associated with postoperative prognosis. The multivariate model suggests modified multilevel surgery (MMS) may have a better outcome than traditional multilevel surgery (TMS) (P = .034). The positive predictive value of the logistic model was 84% (95% CI: 68-94%) and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was 89% (95% CI: 78-99%, P <.0001). Younger age, normal body condition, presence of laryngeal collapse, and treatment with TMS were negative prognostic factors after surgical treatment of BOAS. MMS is recommended, particularly in dogs with a higher probability of poor prognosis. © 2017 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  20. Expression and prognostic role of ubiquitination factor E4B in primary hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiao-Fei; Pan, Qiu-Zhong; Pan, Ke; Weng, De-Sheng; Wang, Qi-Jing; Zhao, Jing-Jing; He, Jia; Liu, Qing; Wang, Dan-Dan; Jiang, Shan-Shan; Zheng, Hai-Xia; Lv, Lin; Chen, Chang-Long; Zhang, Hong-Xia; Xia, Jian-Chuan

    2016-01-01

    Ubiquitination factor E4B (UBE4B) has been speculated to have contradictory functions upon tumorigenesis as an oncogene or tumor suppressor in different types of cancers. We investigated the expression and prognostic role of UBE4B in primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using cell lines and 149 archived HCC samples. Correlation between the functions of UBE4B in HCC was also explored. We used human HCC cell lines (HepG2, Hep3B, SK-Hep1, Huh7, SMMC-7721, BEL-7402) and a normal hepatocyte cell line (LO2) along with HCC samples from patients who had undergone resection for HCC previously at our hospital. A battery of methods (real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction; Western blotting; immunohistochjemical analyses; cell proliferation and colony formation assays; cell migration and cell invasion assays) were employed to assess various aspects of UBE4B.We found that UBE4B expression was upregulated aberrantly at mRNA and protein levels in human primary HCC tissues. Amplified expression of UBE4B was highly correlated with poor outcome. Silencing of UBE4B expression by siRNA inhibited the proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion of HCC cells in vitro, and resulted in significant apoptosis that was associated with downregulation of expression of Bcl-2 and upregulation of expression of total p53, p-p53, Bax and Cleaved-Caspase3 in HCC cells. Our findings suggested that UBE4B might have an oncogenic role in human primary HCC, and that it could be used as a prognostic marker (as well as a potential molecular target) for the treatment of HCC. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Nestin-positive microvessel density is an independent prognostic factor in breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowak, Aleksandra; Grzegrzolka, Jedrzej; Paprocka, Maria; Piotrowska, Aleksandra; Rys, Janusz; Matkowski, Rafal; Dziegiel, Piotr

    2017-08-01

    The process of angiogenesis based on new vessel formation within the tumour area plays a significant role in the progression of breast cancer. Nestin is an intermediate filament protein and participates in the cytoskeleton organization. Nestin expression in the endothelium of blood vessels is mainly limited to newly forming vessels, thus being a more specific marker of angiogenesis than the commonly used vascular antigens. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of nestin-positive microvessel density (Nes+MVD) in breast cancer patients and to confirm that nestin expression is related to newly forming tumour vessels. In this study, 137 cases of ductal breast carcinoma and 19 cases of non-malignant breast tissue lesions (NBTLs) were examined. Immunohistochemical reactions were performed on paraffin sections using antibodies against nestin, CD34 and CD31 antigens. For each marker, the microvessel density (MVD) was determined. Nestin expression was also examined in human endothelial cell lines (HUVEC-SVT, HMEC-1 and HEPC-CB.1) representing a different level of endothelial cell maturity. HUVEC-SVT and HMEC-1 cells represent the endothelium of mature vessels, whereas HEPC-CB.1 cells represent the early endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). We have demonstrated that high Nes+MVD may be associated with a more aggressive course of the disease and a poorer prognosis. We have also found a higher Nes+MVD in the cases with lymph node metastases, with higher histological grade, with advanced-stage disease and with the triple-negative (TN) breast cancer. In addition, nestin expression in vessels was associated with a shorter overall survival (OS) and earlier relapse, and in the case of OS nestin was an independent prognostic factor. Finally, we further confirmed that nestin expression in endothelial cells reflects a progenitor nature of newly forming vessels.

  2. Comparison of thymidine phosphorylase expression and prognostic factors in gallbladder and bile duct cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    You Young

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Biliary tract cancers have limitations in information about different location-related pathogenesis and clinico-pathological characteristics. The goal of this study was to investigate anatomical site-related similarities and differences in biliary tract cancers and to assess the expression and clinical significance of functional proteins such as p53, cyclin D1, survivin, thymidine phosphorylase, and ERCC1. Methods One hundred and sixty-one patients with biliary tract adenocarcinomas, who underwent curative or palliative surgery in a single institution between October 1994 and December 2003 were evaluated, retrospectively. The level of protein expression of p53, cyclin D1, survivin, thymidine phosphorylase, and ERCC1 was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Results With respect to clinico-pathological characteristics, gallbladder cancer was more frequent in women, and bile duct cancer was more common in men. Perineural invasion was more common in bile duct cancer. Recurrence as a distant metastasis was more common in gallbladder cancer. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that thymidine phosphorylase expression was significantly higher in gallbladder cancer than in bile duct cancer. Positive thymidine phosphorylase and p53 staining were associated with an advanced stage. Differentiation, vascular invasion, perineural invasion, lymphatic invasion, lymph node metastasis, and TNM stage independently predicted poor prognosis in biliary tract cancer. These correlations were seen more clearly in gallbladder cancer. The immunohistochemical staining patterns of p53, cyclin D1, survivin, thymidine phosphorylase, and ERCC1 showed no prognostic significance in biliary tract cancers. Conclusions We concluded that gallbladder and bile duct cancers are considered to be separate diseases with different clinico-pathological characteristics and prognostic factors. In addition, we hypothesize that high expression of thymidine phosphorylase by

  3. Prognostic factors in patients with advanced transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelial tract experiencing treatment failure with platinum-containing regimens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bellmunt, Joaquim; Choueiri, Toni K; Fougeray, Ronan

    2010-01-01

    analysis was used to identify independent prognostic factors, and bootstrap analysis was performed for internal validation, forming a prognostic model. External validation was performed on the phase II vinflunine study CA183001. RESULTS Multivariate analysis and the internal validation identified Eastern......, or three prognostic factors; the median OS times for these groups were 14.2, 7.3, 3.8, and 1.7 months (P internally and externally validated three adverse risk factors (PS, hemoglobin level, and liver metastasis) that predict for OS and developed...... Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS) more than 0, hemoglobin level less than 10 g/dL, and the presence of liver metastasis as the main adverse prognostic factors for OS. External validation confirmed these prognostic factors. Four subgroups were formed based on the presence of zero, one, two...

  4. Inhalation injury in a burn unit: a retrospective review of prognostic factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, D; Silva, I; Egipto, P; Magalhães, A; Filipe, R; Silva, A; Rodrigues, A; Costa, J

    2017-06-30

    Inhalation injury (InI) is known to seriously affect the prognosis of burn patients, as it is strongly associated with high morbidity and mortality. Despite major advances in the treatment of burn patients in the past years, advances in the treatment of smoke InI have been somewhat limited; mortality reduction mostly results from improvements in critical care. It is difficult to separate the contribution of InI from other mechanisms that also affect respiratory tract and lungs. The aim of this study was to compare patients with and without InI and to identify prognostic factors among patients with smoke InI. Patients with InI displayed higher total body surface area (TBSA) burned, higher incidence of pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a higher rate of positive blood cultures and a significantly higher death rate. We could conclude that older age, higher TBSA, ARDS and pneumonia were independent predictive factors for mortality in our global study population. Older age and higher TBSA were the only independent factors found to be predictive of mortality in patients with InI.

  5. Prognostic factors in the survival of patients with blood disorders recovering from septic shock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waszczuk-Gajda, Anna; Wiktor Jedrzejczak, Wieslaw

    2017-06-01

    Septic shock is one of the major direct causes of death in patients in hematology departments. The knowledge about clinical outcomes and factors associated with negative outcome in these patients can be important and useful for physicians to identify the patients who are most likely to benefit from ICU therapy. We retrospectively analyzed records of 214 episodes of septic shock in patients with different blood diseases hospitalized between 1998 and 2011 in the Department of Hematology, Oncology and Internal Medicine, the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland. Direct survival with resolution of septic shock was 46%. Among these survivors, 75% continued to live at 30 days, 49% at 6 months, and 12% at 5 years after shock resolution. It was found that the most important prognostic factors for direct (short-term) mortality were multiorgan failure, lack of concordance of empiric antibiotic treatment with results of in vitro sensitivity testing, the Karnofsky score below 60%, presence of more than two comorbidities. Long-term prognosis (3-year follow-up) was affected by multiple factors with the most significant being Karnofsky score, higher organ failure score, hematologic disease relapse or resistance to treatment. Septic shock in patients with blood disorders treated in the hematology ward was associated with very high risk of mortality in all periods after its completion. However, although the results of treatment of septic shock in patients with blood diseases are poor, they were comparable to the results of treatment of septic shock in mixed populations treated in intensive care units.

  6. Usefulness of 18F-FDG uptake with clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical prognostic factors in breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Bom Sahn; Sung, Sun Hee

    2012-02-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical significance of maxSUV with clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical prognostic factors in patients with primary breast cancer. Ninety-one women (48.5 ± 11.2 years of age) with breast cancer who underwent (18)F-FDG PET (PET) before surgery were recruited. All of the breast cancers were invasive ductal carcinomas and ≥1 cm in size to exclude a partial volume effect. The maxSUV of breast cancers was compared with histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings. Additionally, the ability of PET to discriminate axillary nodal status (ANS) and correlation between ANS and tumor characteristics were evaluated. A high maxSUV of breast cancer was significantly correlated with the following poor prognosis factors: tumor invasiveness >2 cm (2.9 vs. 5.4; p LVIs), p53, and c-erbB-2 status. Additionally, the sensitivity and specificity of PET for discriminating ANS were 51.1 and 97.8%, respectively. ANS was correlated with tumor invasiveness >2 cm (p = 0.046), LVIs (all of variables; p 2 cm, higher tumor grade, higher MIB-1, hormonal receptor negativity, and triple negativity. However, PET has a limited value in discriminating axillary lymph nodes. Pre-operative PET is a useful modality to predict biologic poor prognosis factors which could affect adjunctive therapy of breast cancer.

  7. Perioperative blood transfusion as a poor prognostic factor after aggressive surgical resection for hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimura, Norihisa; Toyoki, Yoshikazu; Ishido, Keinosuke; Kudo, Daisuke; Yakoshi, Yuta; Tsutsumi, Shinji; Miura, Takuya; Wakiya, Taiichi; Hakamada, Kenichi

    2015-05-01

    Blood transfusion is linked to a negative outcome for malignant tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate aggressive surgical resection for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) and assess the impact of perioperative blood transfusion on long-term survival. Sixty-six consecutive major hepatectomies with en bloc resection of the caudate lobe and extrahepatic bile duct for HCCA were performed using macroscopically curative resection at our institute from 2002 to 2012. Clinicopathologic factors for recurrence and survival were retrospectively assessed. Overall survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 86.7, 47.3, and 35.7 %, respectively. In univariate analysis, perioperative blood transfusion and a histological positive margin were two of several variables found to be significant prognostic factors for recurrence or survival (Pblood transfusion was independently associated with recurrence (hazard ratio (HR)=2.839 (95 % confidence interval (CI), 1.370-5.884), P=0.005), while perioperative blood transfusion (HR=3.383 (95 % CI, 1.499-7.637), P=0.003) and R1 resection (HR=3.125 (95 % CI, 1.025-9.530), P=0.045) were independent risk factors for poor survival. Perioperative blood transfusion is a strong predictor of poor survival after radical hepatectomy for HCCA. We suggest that circumvention of perioperative blood transfusion can play an important role in long-term survival for patients with HCCA.

  8. Risk factors for sickness absence due to low back pain and prognostic factors for return to work in a cohort of shipyard workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.C. Alexopoulos (Evangelos); E.C. Konstantinou (Eleni); G. Bakoyannis (Giorgos); D. Tanagra (Dimitra); A. Burdorf (Alex)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThe purpose of this study was to determine risk factors for the occurrence of sickness absence due to low back pain (LBP) and to evaluate prognostic factors for return to work. A longitudinal study with 1-year follow-up was conducted among 853 shipyard workers. The cohort was drawn

  9. Marjolin's ulcers: theories, prognostic factors and their peculiarities in spina bifida patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nthumba Peter M

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Due to improved care, more and more children born with spina bifida in rural Kenya are surviving into adulthood. This improved survival has led to significant challenges in their lifestyles, especially the need to ensure pressure ulcer prevention and treatment. Malignant degeneration of pressure ulcers in spina bifida patients is very rare. The author describes the clinical presentation of two pressure ulcer carcinomas that are at variance from classical descriptions. Materials and methods An internet/Medline/PubMed search of English literature for theories on Marjolin's ulcer evolution and prognostic features of Marjolin's ulcers was performed. A chart review of two young adults with spina bifida who had presented to the author's hospital between 2004 and August 2010 with chronic pressure ulcers found to be Marjolin's ulcers on histo-pathological examination was performed, and the clinical features are reported. Results The two ulcers appeared clinically benign: one was a deep ulcer, while the other was shallow; both had normal, benign-appearing edges, and a foul smelling discharge. The two ulcers were surrounded by induration and multiple communicating sinuses, with no evidence of chronic osteomyelitis. The internet search revealed a total of nine theories on Marjolin's ulcer development, as well as seven clinical and four histological prognostic features. Discussion The multifactorial theory, a coalescence of a number of proposed theories, best explains the evolution of Marjolin's ulcers. Poor prognostic features include pressure ulcer carcinomas, lesions and location in the lower limbs/trunks, all present in the two patients making their prognosis dim: this is despite the surgical margins being clear of tumor. Benign appearance, induration and presence of multiple communicating sinuses are features that have not been previously described as presenting features of pressure ulcers carcinomas. Conclusion There is need for

  10. Feeling too hot or cold after breast cancer: is it just a nuisance or a potentially important prognostic factor?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokolus, Kathleen M; Hong, Chi-Chen; Repasky, Elizabeth A

    2010-01-01

    There is widespread recognition among both patients and caregivers that breast cancer patients often experience debilitating deficiencies in their ability to achieve thermal comfort, feeling excessively hot or cold under circumstances when others are comfortable. However, this symptom receives little clinical or scientific attention beyond identification and testing of drugs that minimise menopausal-like symptoms. Could some of these symptoms represent an important prognostic signal? Could thermal discomfort be among other cytokine-driven sickness behaviour symptoms seen in many breast cancer patients? While the literature reveals a strong link between treatment for breast cancer and some menopausal vasomotor symptoms (e.g. hot flashes also known as "hot flushes"), there is little data on quantitative assessment of severity of different types of symptoms and their possible prognostic potential. However, recent, intriguing studies indicating a correlation between the presence of hot flashes and reduced development of breast cancer recurrence strongly suggests that more study on this topic is needed. In comparison to reports on the phenomenon of breast cancer-associated hot flashes, there is essentially no scientific study on the large number of women who report feeling excessively cold after breast cancer treatment. Since similar acquired thermal discomfort symptoms can occur in patients with cancers other than breast cancer, there may be as yet unidentified cancer- or treatment-driven factor related to temperature dysregulation. In general, there is surprisingly little information on the physiological relationship between body temperature regulation, vasomotor symptoms, and cancer growth and progression. The goal of this article is twofold: (1) to review the scientific literature regarding acquired deficits in thermoregulation among breast cancer survivors and (2) to propose some speculative ideas regarding the possible basis for thermal discomfort among some of

  11. Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 4 Fragments Provide Incremental Prognostic Information on Cardiovascular Events in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjortebjerg, Rikke; Lindberg, Søren; Pedersen, Sune

    2017-01-01

    the prognostic value of IGFBP-4 fragments in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively included 656 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention from September 2006 to December 2008. Blood samples...... potential was evaluated on top of a clinical model in terms of discrimination, calibration, and reclassification analysis. During follow-up, 166 patients experienced a major adverse cardiac event and 136 patients died, of whom 69 died from cardiovascular causes. Both IGFBP-4 fragments were associated.......41-3.04; Prespectively. Incorporation of IGFBP-4 fragments into a clinical model with 15 risk factors improved C-statistics and model calibration and provided incremental prognostic contribution, as assessed by net reclassification improvement and integrated discrimination improvement. CONCLUSIONS...

  12. Outcomes and Prognostic Factors for Adult Patients With Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Primary or Reoperative Systemic Atrioventricular Valve Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Elizabeth H; Han, Jiho; Ginns, Jonathan; Rosenbaum, Marlon; Chai, Paul; Bacha, Emile; Kalfa, David

    2017-05-01

    Adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) undergoing systemic atrioventricular valve (SAVV) surgery are a complex, understudied population. We assessed midterm outcomes and prognostic factors in ACHD undergoing SAVV surgery. We performed retrospective evaluation of ACHD undergoing SAVV surgery from January 2005 to February 2016: 14 (33%) patients with congenital mitral valve stenosis/regurgitation, 15 (35%) with atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD), and 14 (33%) with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) with systemic tricuspid valve regurgitation. Adverse events were defined as mortality, reoperation on SAVV, and late more-than-moderate (> moderate) SAVV regurgitation. Statistical analysis was performed using Fisher's exact test and one-way analysis of variance as well as univariate and multivariate risk factor analysis. Fifteen (35%) patients had preoperative systemic ventricular dysfunction, including 13 patients with ccTGA (93%, P moderate SAVV regurgitation, and SAVV reoperation rates were 5% (n = 2), 2% (n = 1), 9% (n = 3), and 7% (n = 3), respectively. On multivariate analysis, predischarge SAVV regurgitation grade was the only significant predictor of adverse events (odds ratio = 8.2, 95% confidence interval: 1.1-63.8, P = .045). Overall outcomes in this challenging population are good. The single factor associated with adverse events was predischarge SAVV regurgitation grade.

  13. Prognostic factors and survival according to tumour subtype in women presenting with breast cancer brain metastases at initial diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leone, José Pablo; Leone, Julieta; Zwenger, Ariel Osvaldo; Iturbe, Julián; Leone, Bernardo Amadeo; Vallejo, Carlos Teodoro

    2017-03-01

    The presence of brain metastases at the time of initial breast cancer diagnosis (BMIBCD) is uncommon. Hence, the prognostic assessment and management of these patients is very challenging. The aim of this study was to analyse the influence of tumour subtype compared with other prognostic factors in the survival of patients with BMIBCD. We evaluated women with BMIBCD, reported to Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results program from 2010 to 2013. Patients with other primary malignancy were excluded. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the effects of each variable on overall survival (OS). We included 740 patients. Median OS for the whole population was 10 months, and 20.7% of patients were alive at 36 months. Tumour subtype distribution was: 46.6% hormone receptor (HR)+/HER2-, 17% HR+/HER2+, 14.1% HR-/HER2+ and 22.3% triple-negative. Univariate analysis showed that the presence of liver metastases, lung metastases and triple-negative patients (median OS 6 months) had worse prognosis. The HR+/HER2+ subtype had the longest OS with a median of 22 months. In multivariate analysis, older age (hazard ratio 1.8), lobular histology (hazard ratio 2.08), triple-negative subtype (hazard ratio 2.25), liver metastases (hazard ratio 1.6) and unmarried patients (hazard ratio 1.39) had significantly shorter OS. Although the prognosis of patients with BMIBCD is generally poor, 20.7% were still alive 3 years after the diagnosis. There were substantial differences in OS according to tumour subtype. In addition to tumour subtype, other independent predictors of OS are age at diagnosis, marital status, histology and liver metastases. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of epidermal growth factor receptor overexpression in patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Y-M; Yu, W-W; Zhu, M; Guo, C-Y

    2015-01-01

    The prognostic significance of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression in patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) remains controversial. Eligible studies that investigated the association between survival in EAC and the expression status of EGFR were identified by an electronic search of PubMed, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Science. A meta-analysis was performed to clarify the impact of EGFR overexpression on clinicopathological parameters or overall survival (OS) in EAC. A total of seven studies including 1028 patients were subjected to the final analysis. The overall results suggested that overexpression of EGFR was significantly correlated with not only the depth of invasion, lymph node status, and tumors stage of EAC, with a pooled odds ratio of 2.99 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07-8.35; Z = 2.09; P = 0.037), 3.05 (95% CI: 1.77-5.27; Z = 4.00; P < 0.001), and 5.37 (95% CI: 2.49-11.57; Z = 4.29; P < 0.001), respectively, but also the poorer OS with a pooled hazard ratio of 2.20 (95% CI: 1.47-3.31; Z = 3.79; P < 0.001). Overexpression of EGFR correlates with not only the clinicopathological features, but also the worse OS, and it might be useful as a predictive biomarker in clinical practice, yet the clinicopathological and prognostic role of EGFR in EAC still needs further confirmation by well-designed prospective studies. © 2014 International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus.

  15. Expression of ARs in triple negative breast cancer tumors: a potential prognostic factor?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giannos A

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Aris Giannos,1 Martin Filipits,2 Flora Zagouri,2,3 Anita Brandstetter,2 Alexandra Tsigginou,1 Maria Sotiropoulou,4 Irene Papaspyrou,4 Theodoros N Sergentanis,5 Theodora Psaltopoulou,5 Alexandros Rodolakis,1 Aris Antsaklis,1 Meletios-Athanasios Dimopoulos,2 Constantine Dimitrakakis1 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Alexandra General Hospital, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece; 2Institute of Cancer Research, Department of Medicine I, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; 3Department of Clinical Therapeutics, Alexandra General Hospital, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece; 4Department of Pathology, Alexandra General Hospital, Athens, Greece; 5Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece Background/aim: In light of the controversial published literature, this study aims to examine the potential prognostic role of AR immunohistochemical expression in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC.Patients and methods: Ninety patients with TNBC were included in this study; the associations between AR expression (Allred score, clinicopathological variables (stage, grade, histological subtype, tumor size, nodal status, age at diagnosis, Ki67 expression, and p53 expression, and overall survival were evaluated.Results: AR expression was not associated with stage, grade, histological subtype, tumor size, nodal status, age at diagnosis, Ki67 expression, and p53 expression. AR immunopositivity was not associated with overall survival either at the univariate or at the multivariate Cox regression analysis (multivariate hazard ratio =0.66, 95% confidence interval: 0.26–1.70, P=0.393.Conclusion: AR expression does not seem to play a prognostic role in TNBC. Keywords: biomarkers, prognosis, AR, triple negative breast cancer

  16. Older Age as a Prognostic Factor of Attenuated Pain Recovery after Shoulder Arthroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Corey B.; Riley, Joseph L.; Coronado, Rogelio A.; Valencia, Carolina; Wright, Thomas W.; Moser, Michael W.; Farmer, Kevin W.; George, Steven Z.

    2015-01-01

    Background Shoulder pain and surgery are common among older adults. However, the extent to which older age affects recovery after shoulder surgery is not well understood. Objective To assess influence of older age on post-operative recovery factors three and six months after shoulder arthroscopy. Design Prospective Cohort Study Setting Institutional Patients Convenience sample of 139 individuals between 20 and 79 years of age who experienced shoulder pain, musculoskeletal dysfunction based on imaging and physician assessment, and were scheduled for an arthroscopic shoulder procedure. Main Outcome Measures Post-operative outcomes were compared among younger, middle-aged and older adults at pre-surgery, 3 months and 6 months after surgery using ANOVA modeling. Movement-evoked pain and an experimental laboratory correlate of pain processing were assessed at each time point. Older age influence on three and six month pain outcomes were determined via multivariate regression analyses after accounting for pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative prognostic factors. Results Older adults had higher movement-evoked pain intensity (F2,108 = 5.18, p=.007) and experimental pain response (F2,111 = 7.24, p=.001) at three months compared to young and middle-aged adults. After controlling for key prognostic factors, older age remained a positive predictor of three-month movement-evoked pain (R2=.05; St. Beta=.263, p=.031) and experimental pain response (R2=.07; St. Beta=.295, p=.014). Further, older age remained a positive predictor of movement-evoked pain at six months (R2=.04; St. Beta=.231, p=.004), despite no age group differences in outcome. Older age was found to be the strongest predictor of three and six month movement-evoked pain. Conclusion Older adults may experience more pain related to movement as well as endogenous pain excitation in the first few months after shoulder arthroscopy. Future age-related research should consider use of movement-evoked pain

  17. Primary Tumor Characteristics Are Important Prognostic Factors for Sorafenib-Treated Patients with Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Retrospective Multicenter Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sung Han Kim

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We aimed to identify prognostic factors associated with progression-free survival (PFS and overall survival (OS in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC patients treated with sorafenib. We investigated 177 patients, including 116 who received sorafenib as first-line therapy, using the Cox regression model. During a median follow-up period of 19.2 months, the PFS and OS were 6.4 and 32.6 months among all patients and 7.4 months and undetermined for first-line sorafenib-treated patients, respectively. Clinical T3-4 stage (hazard ratio [HR] 2.56 and a primary tumor size >7 cm (HR 0.34 were significant prognostic factors for PFS among all patients, as were tumor size >7 cm (HR 0.12, collecting system invasion (HR 5.67, and tumor necrosis (HR 4.11 for OS (p<0.05. In first-line sorafenib-treated patients, ≥4 metastatic lesions (HR 28.57, clinical T3-4 stage (HR 4.34, collecting system invasion (univariate analysis HR 2.11; multivariate analysis HR 0.07, lymphovascular invasion (HR 13.35, and tumor necrosis (HR 6.69 were significant prognosticators of PFS, as were bone metastasis (HR 5.49 and clinical T3-4 stages (HR 4.1 for OS (p<0.05. Our study thus identified a number of primary tumor-related characteristics as important prognostic factors in sorafenib-treated mRCC patients.

  18. Is extracapsular tumour spread a prognostic factor in patients with early breast cancer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobi, Erion; Bazan, Fernando; Dufresne, Armelle; Demarchi, Martin; Villanueva, Cristian; Chaigneau, Loic; Montcuquet, Philipe; Ivanaj, Arben; Sautière, Jean Loup; Maisonnette-Escot, Yolande; Cals, Laurent; Algros, Marie Paule; Woronoff, Anne-Sophie; Pivot, Xavier

    2013-08-01

    This study searched for extra capsular tumour spread (ECS) as a prognostic factor for recurrence in terms of Disease Free Survival (DFS) and Overall Survival (OS). For this study, from a retrospective database of the Doubs cancer registry, 823 eligible women with node positive breast cancer treated from February 1984 to November 2000 were identified. The following