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Sample records for profiles blood pressure

  1. Blood pressure profiles among Makerere University undergraduate ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this study was to set reference values for spot blood pressure and its derivatives among Makerere university undergraduate students. Study Design: This was a cross- sectional study. Materials and methods: A total of 183 undergraduates including 63 females and 120 males participated in the study. Blood ...

  2. Anthropometric characteristics, blood pressure profile and medical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The practice of contraception is influenced by several factors at different settings. ... gain, elevated blood pressure/other cardiovascular risks, etc have been linked to ... Using BMI classification, 40.6% of the woman were obese, 38.2% were ... More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Contact AJOL · Terms and Conditions of Use.

  3. Blood Pressure Guided Profiling of Ultrafiltration during Hemodialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmidt Reinhard

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemodialysis-induced hypotension is still a common complication in spite of the progress achieved in hemodialysis (HD treatment. Due to its multifactorial nature, dialysis-induced hypotension cannot be reliably prevented by conventional profiling of ultrafiltration in open-loop systems since they are unable to adapt themselves to actual decreases in blood pressure. A blood pressure guided closed-loop system for prevention of dialysis-induced hypotension by biofeedback-controlled profiling of ultrafiltration was clinically tested in 94 HD treatments of four patients prone to hypotension. Automatic profiling of ultrafiltration was based on frequent measurements of blood pressure at intervals of five minutes. Proper adaptation of control features to patients′ conditions was provided by the lower limit of systolic pressure which was individually set by the physician at the beginning of each treatment. During the initial and medium phases of the HD sessions, ultrafiltration rates up to 200% of the average rates were applied as long as this was tolerated. The additional ultrafiltrate volume was used for blood pressure stabilization by lowering the ultrafiltration rates in the final phase of HD session. Biofeedback-controlled profiling of ultrafiltration provides reliable blood pressure stabilization in all phases of HD. During the first half of treatment, the frequency of hypotensive episodes remained below that with conventional therapy although ultrafiltration rates up to 200% were used. During the second half of treatment, blood pressure guided reduction of ultrafiltration rate provided a decreasing frequency of hypotensive episodes in contrast to the increasing trend during conventional therapy. Stable blood pressure trends during the last hour of HD were achieved in 91% of biofeedback-controlled treatments in comparison with only 32% of conventional treatments. Ultrafiltration rates of 150%-200% and blood pressure measurements at intervals of

  4. Blood Pressure Profile and Hypertension in Adolescents in Port ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Childhood hypertension is a precursor of hypertension in adults with associated increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, early detection in these young ones would help in reducing the burden of hypertension in future. This study was undertaken to determine the blood pressure profile, prevalence of ...

  5. Effect of Ramadan Fasting on Blood Pressure and Lipid Profiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam sadat Amirkalali sijavandi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Ramadan is a holy month for Muslims during which avoid from eating, drinking and sexual intercourse for about 13-17 hours. The aim of this study was surveying the effects of Islamic fasting in Ramadan on lipid profile and blood pressure.Materials and Methods: we designed this study in two phases, a week before and a week after Ramadan month. Eighty nine healthy subjects with 20-50 years old were participated in this study. Blood sampling for lipid profile measurement was done in the morning and blood pressure was measured in the afternoon with digital sphygmomanometer. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS version 16.0 software.Results: In a week after Ramadan, body weight and body mass index (BMI decreased in both sexes, comparing with the week before Ramadan measurements (p

  6. Vascular profiling: should manual therapists take blood pressure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Alan J; Kerry, Roger

    2013-08-01

    Risk assessment of the cervical spine prior to manual therapy interventions is currently a contentious topic, highlighted by recent suggestions in the medical press (http://www.bmj.com/content/344/bmj.e3679), that manipulative therapy should be abandoned because of the perceived risk. This paper addresses the issue of manual therapists using blood pressure measurement as an aid to clinical reasoning and decision making. The authors' use a case series of three neuromusculoskeletal presentations, which support the contention that blood pressure recording can prove to be an appropriate objective test for assessment prior to manual therapy interventions. Furthermore, it is suggested that blood pressure testing may provide direction for risk assessment and/or the management of patients across all populations and age groups as part of a holistic 'vascular profiling' approach to clinical reasoning and decision making. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. EFFECT OF KIMCHI INTAKE ON LIPID PROFILES AND BLOOD PRESSURE

    OpenAIRE

    Ju Kim, Hyun; Han, Ji-Sook; Han, Eung-Soo; Song, Yeong-Ok

    2012-01-01

    Kimchi is a Korean fermented vegetable and has recognized as a healthy food. Some interventional studies have reported an inverse association between kimchi intake and higher lipid levels in healthy and obese people. However, kimchi intake and hypertention were still uncertain. This study is carried out to investigate whether the serum lipid profiles and blood pressure would be influenced by the amount of kimchi intake. Design for the clinical study by controlling the meal consumption and phy...

  8. Blood pressure profile in children aged 3 - 5 years: Relationship to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background. Blood pressure measurement is not commonly done in children. Most of the studies done in Nigeria so far on blood pressure and hypertension are in older children. Objectives. To determine the blood pressure profile in children aged 3 - 5 years, establish the relationship between their blood pressure and age, ...

  9. EFFECT OF KIMCHI INTAKE ON LIPID PROFILES AND BLOOD PRESSURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyun Ju Kim

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Kimchi is a Korean fermented vegetable and has recognized as a healthy food. Some interventional studies have reported an inverse association between kimchi intake and higher lipid levels in healthy and obese people. However, kimchi intake and hypertention were still uncertain. This study is carried out to investigate whether the serum lipid profiles and blood pressure would be influenced by the amount of kimchi intake. Design for the clinical study by controlling the meal consumption and physical activity of the subjects for 7 days was approved by IRB at P Hospital (No.2011075. For the study, 100 volunteers assigned into 2 groups, low (15 g/day, n=50 and high kimchi intake group (210 g/day, n=50, temporarily stayed together at the dormitory during the 7-day experimental period. Three meals with different amount of kimchi were provided and subjects were asked to maintain the normal physical activity as usual. Significant decrease in the concentration of fasting blood glucose, TG, total-C, and LDL-C for the both group was observed after 7 days of kimchi intake regardless of amount of kimchi intake. Only FBG suppression effect was significantly different (p<0.01. Furthermore, people with hypercholesterolemia (≤19 mg/dL showed greater improvements in total cholesterol levels in high kimchi intake group. One notable finding in this study was that urinary Na excretion for the high kimchi intake group was significantly increased (p<0.05. There was no significant difference in the BP reductions by kimchi intake. Higher intake of kimchi appears to be a modest beneficial effect to lipid lowering, without any effect on blood pressure in spite of increased sodium excretion. Long-term study should be clarified whether kimchi intake associated with hypertension.

  10. Blood pressure profile in Nigerian children | Hamidu | East African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To observe blood pressure (BP) pattern and its correlates in primary school children of northern Nigeria. Design: Sitting BP and pulse were measured in quadruplicate, then repeated after four weeks in 1,721 healthy children aged five to 16 years. Body weight and height were also measured in their school ...

  11. Non-dipping blood pressure profile in narcolepsy with cataplexy.

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    Yves Dauvilliers

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Patients with narcolepsy-cataplexy (NC mostly exhibit undetectable hypocretin levels. Hypocretin system is one of the key players in the complex interaction between sleep and the cardiovascular system. We tested the hypothesis that hypocretin deficiency affects cardiovascular risk factors by measuring nighttime and daytime ambulatory blood pressure (BP and the night-to-day BP ratio as well as endothelial dysfunction by the digital pulse amplitude response in drug-free patients with NC compared to controls. METHODOLOGY: Sleep, clinical and biological cardiovascular risk factors, fingertip peripheral arterial tonometry, and 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring were recorded in 50 drug-free patients with NC and 42 healthy control subjects, except for BP monitoring available in all controls but in 36 patients with NC. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: More patients than controls were smokers, obese and with dyslipidemia. One-third of patients with NC were "non-dippers" (defined as <10% drop in BP during sleep compared to only 3% of controls. The diastolic non-dipper BP profile had up to 12-fold higher odds of being associated with NC. We noted negative correlations between mean diastolic BP fall during night, REM sleep percentage and number of sleep onset REM periods, and a positive correlation with mean sleep latency on the MSLT. The digital pulse amplitude response measured by fingertip was similar between NC and controls. CONCLUSION: We found a high percentage of non-dippers in patients with NC with association with REM sleep dysregulation. The blunted sleep-related BP dip in NC may be of clinical relevance, as it may indicate increased risk for cardiovascular events.

  12. BLOOD PRESSURE PROFILE OF SCHOOL CHILDREN OF TEA GARDEN WORKERS IN AND AROUND DIBRUGARH TOWN

    OpenAIRE

    Abhijit Dastidar; Smriti Pathak Dutta; Hiranya Saikia

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND The trends in blood pressure over time in children may be important predictors of subsequent trends in adult hypertension. The Western standards cannot be applied to Indian children, because of difference in factors as ethnic, socio-economic, dietary habits, environmental, etc. between Western and Indian countries. Hence, there is a need to establish the normal blood pressure standards for Indian children and so this study was done to study the blood pressure profile...

  13. Efficacy of stepwise sodium profile versus individualized dialysate sodium in blood pressure control among hemodialysis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahgholian, Nahid; Hashemi, Maryam Sadat; Shahidi, Shahrzade

    2015-01-01

    Hypertension is very common in patients with end-stage renal disease and accelerates cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The most important factor in achieving normal blood pressure in these patients is reaching dry weight. Sodium and extracellular fluid balance play a vital role in this regard. Considering the lack of consensus about the efficacy of stepwise sodium profile and individualized dialysate sodium, this study aimed to determine the superior method for blood pressure control in hemodialysis patients. In a quasi-experimental study, patients satisfying the inclusion criteria were enrolled through convenience sampling. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups of stepwise sodium profile and individualized dialysate sodium. Information record form was used for data collection. Data were analyzed with paired and independent t-test and descriptive statistics using SPSS for Windows 20.0. Patients in the two groups were similar in qualitative and quantitative background variables. While systolic blood pressure significantly decreased following hemodialysis with individualized dialysate sodium (P profile (P = 0.060). Individualized dialysate sodium caused greater change in the mean systolic blood pressure than stepwise sodium profile did (P = 0.040). Pre- and post-dialysis diastolic blood pressure values showed significant differences in both groups (P profile). However, the mean changes in diastolic blood pressure of the two groups were not significantly different (P = 0.295). We found no significant difference in interdialytic weight gain and blood pressure control by the two methods. The change in systolic blood pressure was lower in the stepwise profile method than in the individualized dialysate sodium method, and this method did not cause interdialytic hypertension. So, by adjusting the dialysis solution with regard to plasma sodium levels, lead to more blood pressure control. Meanwhile, the two groups were not significantly different in the

  14. BLOOD PRESSURE PROFILE OF SCHOOL CHILDREN OF TEA GARDEN WORKERS IN AND AROUND DIBRUGARH TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhijit Dastidar

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND The trends in blood pressure over time in children may be important predictors of subsequent trends in adult hypertension. The Western standards cannot be applied to Indian children, because of difference in factors as ethnic, socio-economic, dietary habits, environmental, etc. between Western and Indian countries. Hence, there is a need to establish the normal blood pressure standards for Indian children and so this study was done to study the blood pressure profile of school going children in the tea tribe community in and around Dibrugarh town. Aims of this study are 1. To find the blood pressure pattern of school going children of tea garden workers in the age group of 6–12 years. 2. To find the blood pressure pattern in relation to height, body weight and body mass index in the above age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS Blood pressure was recorded in the right arm in the sitting position by using a standard Hg sphygmomanometer using appropriate cuff sizes. Three readings were taken at an interval of at least 5 minutes and the average of these three readings was considered as the blood pressure of the individual. RESULTS The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure for both boys and girls shows an increasing trend with the increase in age. The differences in case of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure between the two sexes in all the age groups are found to be statistically insignificant (p >0.05. Both SBP and DBP are positively correlated with age, height, weight and BMI (p<0.01. CONCLUSION The high risk children need to be considered for close followups for modification of risk factors by advising lifestyle changes like reduction in intake of salt

  15. Association of sleep duration with arterial blood pressure profile of Gujarati Indian adolescents

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    Shaikh Wasim

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Recently, National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey-1 data analysis found short sleep duration as a risk factor for hypertension in the U.S. population. However, since ethnic differences exist in the aetiopathogenesis of diseases, the current study was undertaken to study the effect of sleep duration on the blood pressure profile of Gujarati Indian adolescents. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 489 Gujarati Indian adolescents of age group 16-19 years studying in school and colleges in the local population. The participants were assessed for their sleep duration, physical activity status, body composition, blood pressure profile and cardiovascular reactivity. The sleep duration was reported by the subjects as the number of hours they slept on most of the nights in a week over the last one year. The observations of the study were then analyzed after grouping them into: 1 Adequate Sleep Duration at Night, ASDN (≥ 7 hrs and 2 Inadequate Sleep Duration at Night, ISDN (< 7 hrs groups. Student′s unpaired t-test was used to study if any significant difference (P< 0.05 existed between the groups. Results: No significant difference was found in Systolic blood pressure, Diastolic blood pressure, Pulse pressure and Mean arterial pressure between the ASDN group and the ISDN group. Physical activity status also did not differ between the two groups. However, adolescents of ISDN group showed a significantly higher level of adiposity and cardiovascular reactivity as compared to adolescents of ASDN group. Conclusion: Although short sleep duration is associated with a higher level of adiposity and cardiovascular reactivity in Gujarati Indian adolescents, it does not affect the resting blood pressure profile of these adolescents. However, longitudinal studies would be required to observe if the changes in adiposity and cardiovascular reactivity affect these adolescents in later life.

  16. Blood pressure measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... reading; Measuring blood pressure; Hypertension - blood pressure measurement; High blood pressure - blood pressure measurement ... High blood pressure has no symptoms so you may not know if you have this problem. High blood pressure ...

  17. Association of sleep duration with arterial blood pressure profile of gujarati Indian adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaikh, Wasim A; Patel, Minal; Singh, Sk

    2010-01-01

    Recently, National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey-1 data analysis found short sleep duration as a risk factor for hypertension in the U.S. population. However, since ethnic differences exist in the aetiopathogenesis of diseases, the current study was undertaken to study the effect of sleep duration on the blood pressure profile of Gujarati Indian adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 489 Gujarati Indian adolescents of age group 16-19 years studying in school and colleges in the local population. The participants were assessed for their sleep duration, physical activity status, body composition, blood pressure profile and cardiovascular reactivity. The sleep duration was reported by the subjects as the number of hours they slept on most of the nights in a week over the last one year. The observations of the study were then analyzed after grouping them into: 1) Adequate Sleep Duration at Night, ASDN (>/=7 hrs) and 2) Inadequate Sleep Duration at Night, ISDN (Gujarati Indian adolescents, it does not affect the resting blood pressure profile of these adolescents. However, longitudinal studies would be required to observe if the changes in adiposity and cardiovascular reactivity affect these adolescents in later life.

  18. [LEVELS OF OBESITY, METABOLIC PROFILE, CONSUMPTION OF TABACO AND BLOOD PRESSURE IN SEDENTARY YOUTHS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caamaño Navarrete, Felipe; Alarcón Hormazábal, Manuel; Delgado Floody, Pedro

    2015-11-01

    in Chile, the National Health Survey (ENS) conducted in 2009-2010 reported high prevalence of overweight, sedentary lifestyle, high cholesterol and metabolic syndrome in the population. to determine the prevalence in young sedentary obesity and consumption of tabaco and analyze their association with the metabolic profile, body fat percentage and blood pressure. 125 young sedentary, 26 men and 99 women, aged between 17 and 29 years old were evaluated. Body mass index (BMI), percent body fat (% fat), waist contour (CC), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides: measurements were performed, glycemia and consumption of snuff. HDL-C (p = 0.000) and% MG (p = 0.043) were higher in women. 37.6% of young people turned smoker. 35, 2% of the sample showed excessive malnutrition. Obese subjects had higher levels: waist contour (p = 0.000) and% FM (p = 0.000). When analyzing obesity DC, this showed significant differences in BMI,% fat, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. BMI presented positive association with CC,% fat, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p tabaco in the study sample, while other variables are not high-risk categories, it is an opportune time to intervene and reverse these negative health trends now. Copyright AULA MEDICA EDICIONES 2014. Published by AULA MEDICA. All rights reserved.

  19. Fish oil affects blood pressure and the plasma lipid profile in healthy Danish infants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsgaard, C.T.; Schack-Nielsen, L.; Michaelsen, K.F.

    2006-01-01

    with an oscillometric device, and blood was sampled for analysis of erythrocyte fatty acid composition and the plasma lipid profile. This paper examines the effects of the fish oil supplement, with adjustment for the effects of the milk intervention when relevant. The fish oil intervention increased erythrocyte (n-3.......04) than infants not administered fish oil. Plasma triacylglycerol was inversely associated with the erythrocyte content of eicosapentaenoic acid (r = 0.34, P oil dose. The observed effects of fish oil are in accordance with findings in adults. The long-term health implications......Animal and epidemiologic studies indicate that early nutrition has lasting effects on metabolism and cardiovascular disease risk. In adults, (n-3) long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) from fish oils improve blood pressure, the lipid profile, and possibly cardiovascular disease mortality. This randomized trial...

  20. Pre-pregnancy weight status, early pregnancy lipid profile and blood pressure course during pregnancy: The ABCD study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oostvogels, Adriëtte J. J. M.; Busschers, Wim B.; Spierings, Eline J. M.; Roseboom, Tessa J.; Gademan, Maaike G. J.; Vrijkotte, Tanja G. M.

    2017-01-01

    Although pre-pregnancy weight status and early pregnancy lipid profile are known to influence blood pressure course during pregnancy, little is known about how these two factors interact. The association between pre-pregnancy weight status and blood pressure course during pregnancy was assessed in

  1. Association of physical activity and physical fitness with blood pressure profile in Gujarati Indian adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaikh, Wasim A; Patel, Minal C; Singh, S K

    2011-01-01

    The current study was conducted to determine how physical activity level and physical fitness affects the blood pressure profile of Gujarati Indian adolescents so as to help in developing preventive strategies for the local population as ethnic differences exist in the aetiopathogenesis of hypertension. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 485 Gujarati Indian adolescent boys and girls of age group 16-19 years. Physical activity level was assessed using Johnson Space Center/NASA Physical Activity Rating Scale and VO2 max was used to assess the physical fitness. Body composition was assessed in terms of Body Mass Index, Fat Mass Index and Waist Circumference. Blood Pressure was measured by oscillometry. One-way ANOVA was used to study if any significant differences (PGujarati Indian adolescents.

  2. Effects of Inulin on Lipid Profile, Inflammation and Blood Pressure in Women with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahram Pourghassem Gargari

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objectives: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia together with biochemical alterations of lipid profile, insulin resistance and inflammation . Considering the high prevalence of hypertension, dyslipidemia and inflammation in type 2 diabetic patients, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of inulin on lipid profile, inflammation and blood pressure in women with type 2 diabetes.   Methods: In this controlled, randomized clinical trial, 49 women with type 2 diabetes (fiber intake 0.04 . Changes in diastolic blood pressures, LDL-c and HDL-c were not significant in inulin group compared with the maltodextrin group. A significant decrease in systolic, diastolic blood pressures, total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-c, hs-CRP and significant increase in HDL-c were observed in inulin group compared to baseline.   Conclusions: Inulin supplementation may improve lipid profile, hs-CRP and blood pressure in women with type 2 diabetes.

  3. Blood Pressure Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... several blood pressure readings at home. Tracking your blood pressure readings It can be helpful in diagnosing or ... medication options might work best for you. Low blood pressure Low blood pressure that either doesn't cause ...

  4. Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... lowest at night and rises sharply on waking. Blood pressure: How low can you go? What's considered low ... low blood pressure. Medications that can cause low blood pressure Some medications can cause low blood pressure, including: ...

  5. Pre-pregnancy weight status, early pregnancy lipid profile and blood pressure course during pregnancy: The ABCD study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oostvogels, Adriëtte J J M; Busschers, Wim B; Spierings, Eline J M; Roseboom, Tessa J; Gademan, Maaike G J; Vrijkotte, Tanja G M

    2017-01-01

    Although pre-pregnancy weight status and early pregnancy lipid profile are known to influence blood pressure course during pregnancy, little is known about how these two factors interact. The association between pre-pregnancy weight status and blood pressure course during pregnancy was assessed in the prospective ABCD study and the role (independent/mediating/moderating) of early pregnancy lipid profile in this association was determined. We included 2500 normal weight (ABCD-study with available measurements of non-fasting early pregnancy lipids [median (IQR): 13 (12-14) weeks of gestation] and blood pressure during pregnancy [mean (SD) = 10 (2.3)]. Lipids (triglycerides, total cholesterol, apolipoprotein A1, apolipoprotein B and free fatty acids) were divided into tertiles. Multilevel piecewise linear spline models were used to describe the course of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) in four time periods during gestation for overweight and normal weight women. Both SBP (5.3 mmHg) and DBP (3.9 mmHg) were higher in overweight compared to normal weight women and this difference remained the same over all four time periods. The difference in SBP and DBP was not mediated or moderated by the lipid profile. Lipid profile had an independent positive effect on both SBP (range 1.3-2.2 mmHg) and DBP (0.8-1.1 mmHg), but did not change blood pressure course. Both pre-pregnancy weight status and early pregnancy lipid profile independently increase blood pressure during pregnancy. Improving pre-pregnancy weight status and early pregnancy lipid profile might result in a healthier blood pressure course during pregnancy.

  6. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Print Page Text Size: A A A Listen High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Nearly 1 in 3 American adults has high ... weight. How Will I Know if I Have High Blood Pressure? High blood pressure is a silent problem — you ...

  7. COMPARISON OF NEBIVOLOL AND ATENOLOL ON BLOOD PRESSURE, BLOOD SUGAR AND LIPID PROFILE IN PATIENTS WITH ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anand Dev

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Beta-blocker is considered to be a very effective antihypertensive drug to control hypertension. But National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE recommended that it should no longer be used as first-line drug as the treatment of uncomplicated hypertension. This recommendation was based on the various studies showing increased risk of new onset Diabetes Mellitus and derangement of lipid metabolism with the use of beta-blocker. These studies were mainly based on Atenolol with or without diuretics. We are in need of a beta-blocker that has effective antihypertensive properties without altering the metabolic profile like blood sugar level and lipid metabolism. Nebivolol, a b1-selective blocker, has got more or less the similar properties. It increases insulin sensitivity in patients with insulin resistance due to its vasodilator properties. Also, antioxidant properties of nebivolol, and increase in nitric oxide properties by reducing its oxidative inactivation may be responsible for beneficial lipid and carbohydrate metabolic profile. MATERIALS AND METHOD A prospective study was conducted between December 2011 to August 2013 on 60 patients at medicine outpatient department (OPD of Katihar Medical College, Katihar, after getting approval from the Institutional Ethics Committee. The patients meeting the inclusion criteria were explained in detail about the nature of the trial, its purpose, procedures, and followup. They were provided with detailed trial information sheet. Written informed consent was obtained from those who volunteered to participate in the trial. RESULTS In our study, the mean difference of systolic blood pressure from baseline and at 24 weeks was 40.20±1.74 in the Atenolol group and 43.80±1.405 in the Nebivolol group. Similarly, in Atenolol group, diastolic blood pressure is decreased by 17±1.3 and 19.4±1.223 in Nebivolol group. In our study, the mean difference of blood sugar level from baseline and

  8. Impact of urbanization on obesity, anthropometric profile and blood pressure in the Igbos of Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekezie, Jervase; Anyanwu, Emeka G; Danborno, Barnabas; Anthony, Ugochukwu

    2011-05-01

    Hypertension in developing setting is often attributed to westernization of life style and stresses of urbanization, some of these increases have been noted in Nigeria. This is a study on rural-urban differences on the blood pressure, obesity and anthropometrics among a major ethnic group in Nigeria. A total of 325 men and 242 women aged 20 to 80 years, of the Igbo ethnicity were selected for this study. The samples were selected from the rural and urban subgroups of the Igbo population. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, waist- hip ratio, waist-height ratio, waist circumference, triceps, subscapular, calf and sum of the three skin fold thicknesses and other anthropometric measurements were obtained using standard procedures. Blood pressure correlated with age and most of the anthropometric parameters (pobesities in both samples. High blood pressure occurred more often in the urban sample than the rural. Urban men had the highest mean blood pressure (pmeasures of Igbos in both rural and urban locations. High rates of obesity and hypertension are noted among Igbos in both rural and urban areas. This is especially in the urban setting. The finding is indicative of a low level of attention on hypertension and obesity in the Igbos. The data reported here call for intervention programs on the risks, preventions and management of obesity and obesity related conditions.

  9. Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Situations Talking to Your Parents - or Other Adults Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) KidsHealth > For Teens > Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Print ... rest temperature diet emotions posture medicines Why Is High Blood Pressure Bad? High blood pressure means a person's heart ...

  10. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... which blood flows through blood vessels (arteries) at higher than normal pressures. Measuring Blood Pressure Blood pressure ... blood pressure are defined as having blood pressures higher than 120/80 mmHg. The following table outlines ...

  11. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... blood, which leads to secondary high blood pressure. Risk Factors Anyone can develop high blood pressure; however, ... history of high blood pressure can increase your risk for developing high blood pressure. Age Blood pressure ...

  12. Relationships of blood pressure to fibrinolysis : influence of anthropometry, metabolic profile and behavioural variables

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cigolini, M; Targher, G; Seidell, J C; Tonoli, M; Schiavon, R; Agostino, G; de Sandre, G

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between blood pressure and the plasma fibrinolytic system and to verify whether this association was independent or mediated by one or more potential confounding factor. DESIGN: A random sample of 94 males aged 38 years subdivided into normotensives,

  13. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Back To Health Topics / High Blood Pressure High Blood Pressure Also known as Hypertension Leer en español ... vessels (arteries) at higher than normal pressures. Measuring Blood Pressure Blood pressure is the force of blood ...

  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... To Health Topics / High Blood Pressure High Blood Pressure Also known as Hypertension See also Information for ... arteries) at higher than normal pressures. Measuring Blood Pressure Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing ...

  15. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Back To Health Topics / High Blood Pressure High Blood Pressure Also known as Hypertension See also Information ... vessels (arteries) at higher than normal pressures. Measuring Blood Pressure Blood pressure is the force of blood ...

  16. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Back To Health Topics / High Blood Pressure High Blood Pressure Also known as Hypertension See also Information for ... vessels (arteries) at higher than normal pressures. Measuring Blood Pressure Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing ...

  17. Preventing High Blood Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Heart Disease Cholesterol Salt Million Hearts® WISEWOMAN Preventing High Blood Pressure: Healthy Living Habits Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... meal and snack options can help you avoid high blood pressure and its complications. Be sure to eat plenty ...

  18. High blood pressure - children

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007696.htm High blood pressure - children To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. High blood pressure (hypertension) is an increase in the force of ...

  19. Blood Pressure Medicines

    Science.gov (United States)

    High blood pressure, also called hypertension, usually has no symptoms. But it can cause serious problems such as stroke, ... and kidney failure. If you cannot control your high blood pressure through lifestyle changes such as losing weight and ...

  20. High blood pressure - infants

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007329.htm High blood pressure - infants To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. High blood pressure (hypertension) is an increase in the force of ...

  1. High blood pressure medications

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007484.htm High blood pressure medicines To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Treating high blood pressure will help prevent problems such as heart disease, ...

  2. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... two types of high blood pressure. Primary (essential) hypertension For most adults, there's no identifiable cause of ... tends to develop gradually over many years. Secondary hypertension Some people have high blood pressure caused by ...

  3. CLINICAL ADVANTAGES OF TELMISARTAN: FEATURES OF PHARMACOKINETICS, PHARMACODYNAMICS AND EFFECTS ON THE DAILY BLOOD PRESSURE PROFILE

    OpenAIRE

    O. D. Ostroumova; E. A. Smolyarchuk; O. V. Bondarec; E. E. Paleeva

    2017-01-01

    The features of the pharmacokinetics of the angiotensin II receptor blocker telmisartan are considered. Thanks to these features it has a number of advantages in comparison with other angiotensin II receptor blockers and antihypertensive drugs from other classes. Particular attention is paid to the long half-life of telmisartan, which retains its effect for more than 24 hours. This is especially important for controlling blood pressure (BP) in the early morning hours. Data from studies demons...

  4. High blood pressure in Panama: prevalence, sociodemographic and biologic profile, treatment, and control (STROBE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mc Donald Posso, Anselmo J; Motta Borrel, Jorge A; Fontes, Flavia; Cruz Gonzalez, Clara E; Pachón Burgos, Alvaro A; Cumbrera Ortega, Alberto

    2014-11-01

    The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence, treatment, and control of high blood pressure, hypertension (HBP) in Panama and assess its associations with sociodemographic and biologic factors.A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted in Panama by administering a survey on cardiovascular risk factors to 3590 adults and measuring their blood pressure 3 times. A single-stage, probabilistic, and randomized sampling strategy with a multivariate stratification was used. The average blood pressure, confidence intervals (CIs), odds ratio (OR), and a value of P ≤ 0.05 were used for the analysis.The estimated prevalence of HBP was 29.6% (95% CI, 28.0-31.1); it was more prevalent in men than in women, OR = 1.37 (95% CI, 1.17-1.61); it increased with age and was more frequent among Afro-Panamanians (33.8%). HBP was associated with a family history of HBP with being physically inactive and a body mass index ≥25.0 kg/m or a waist circumference >90 cm in men and >88 cm in women (P Panama. The health care system needs to give a high priority to HBP prevention programs and integrated care programs aimed at treating HBP, taking into consideration the changes in behavior that have been brought about by alterations in nutrition and sedentary lifestyles.

  5. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.

    OpenAIRE

    Nicholson, W R; Matthews, J. N.; O'Sullivan, J J; WREN, C.

    1993-01-01

    Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in adults is proving to be useful. The aim of this study was to determine if ABPM is accurate in the lower blood pressure range encountered in children and, equally important, whether it is acceptable to children. Thirty one children, between the ages of 6 and 18 years, were assessed using an ambulatory blood pressure monitor that uses an auscultatory method. Blood pressure was measured in the contralateral arm with a mercury sphygmomanometer and an...

  6. High Blood Pressure Facts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Stroke Heart Disease Cholesterol Salt Million Hearts® WISEWOMAN High Blood Pressure Facts Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir On ... the facts about high blood pressure [PDF-255K] . High Blood Pressure in the United States About 75 million American ...

  7. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... other risk factors, like diabetes, you may need treatment. How does high blood pressure affect pregnant women? A few women will get high blood pressure when they are pregnant. When pregnant women get high blood pressure, it is called preeclampsia or toxemia. How do I control my high ...

  8. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... pressures. Measuring Blood Pressure Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the ... blood pressure, sometimes called hypertension, happens when this force is too high. Health care workers check blood ...

  9. Impact of urbanization on obesity, anthropometric profile and blood pressure in the Igbos of Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Jervase Ekezie; Emeka G Anyanwu; Barnabas Danborno; Ugochukwu Anthony

    2011-01-01

    Background: Hypertension in developing setting is often attributed to westernization of life style and stresses of urbanization, some of these increases have been noted in Nigeria. Aim: This is a study on rural-urban differences on the blood pressure, obesity and anthropometrics among a major ethnic group in Nigeria. Patients and Method: A total of 325 men and 242 women aged 20 to 80 years, of the Igbo ethnicity were selected for this study. The samples were selected from the rural and urban ...

  10. Blood pressure regulation determined by ambulatory blood pressure profiles in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus: Impact on diabetic complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dost, A; Bechtold-Dalla Pozza, S; Bollow, E; Kovacic, R; Vogel, P; Feldhahn, L; Schwab, K O; Holl, R W

    2017-01-24

    The combination of high blood pressure and hyperglycemia contributes to the development of diabetic complications. Ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure (ABPM) is seen as standard to assess blood pressure (BP) regulation. We evaluated 24-hour BP regulation in 3529 children with type 1 diabetes, representing 5.6% of the patients pressure (PP) and blood pressure variability (BPV) on microalbuminuria (MA) and diabetic retinopathy (DR). BP was increased in this selected cohort of children with diabetes compared to healthy German controls (standard deviation score (SDS) day: systolic BP (SBP) +0.06, mean arterial pressure (MAP) +0.08, PP +0.3; night: SBP +0.6, diastolic BP +0.6, MAP +0.8), while daytime diastolic BP (SDS -0.2) and dipping of SBP and MAP were reduced (SBP -1.1 SDS, MAP 12.4% vs 19.4%), PP showed reverse dipping (-0.7 SDS). Children with microvascular complications had by +0.1 to +0.75 SDS higher BP parameters, except of nocturnal PP in MA and diurnal and nocturnal PP in DR. Reverse dipping of PP was more pronounced in the children with MA (-5.1% vs -0.8%) and DR (-2.6% vs -1.0%). BP alteration was stronger in girls and increased with age. There is an early and close link between 24-hour blood pressure regulation and the development of diabetic complications not only for systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial BP but also for the derived BP parameter PP and BPV in our selected patients. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... complications. Preventing High Blood Pressure Onset Healthy lifestyle habits can help prevent high blood pressure from developing. It is important to check your blood pressure regularly. Children should have their blood pressure checked starting at ...

  12. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  13. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... can help you track your blood pressure. Pregnancy Planning High blood pressure can cause problems for mother ... View all news on High Blood Pressure RELATED EVENT The Role of Microbiota in Blood Pressure Regulation ...

  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... blood pressure and should be taken seriously. Over time, consistently high blood pressure weakens and damages your ... Blood Pressure When blood pressure stays high over time, it can damage the body and cause complications. ...

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  16. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  17. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... and large arteries, which can affect blood pressure. Genetic Causes of High Blood Pressure Much of the ... involved in high blood pressure has come from genetic studies. High blood pressure often runs in families. ...

  18. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... or its complications. Preventing High Blood Pressure Onset Healthy lifestyle habits can help prevent high blood pressure from developing. It is important to check your blood pressure regularly. Children should have their blood pressure checked starting at ...

  19. CLINICAL ADVANTAGES OF TELMISARTAN: FEATURES OF PHARMACOKINETICS, PHARMACODYNAMICS AND EFFECTS ON THE DAILY BLOOD PRESSURE PROFILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. D. Ostroumova

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The features of the pharmacokinetics of the angiotensin II receptor blocker telmisartan are considered. Thanks to these features it has a number of advantages in comparison with other angiotensin II receptor blockers and antihypertensive drugs from other classes. Particular attention is paid to the long half-life of telmisartan, which retains its effect for more than 24 hours. This is especially important for controlling blood pressure (BP in the early morning hours. Data from studies demonstrating that excessive BP rises in the early morning hours increase the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications are presented. The results of comparative studies of telmisartan using the ambulatory BP monitoring, which testify to its advantages in BP control within 24-hours, are considered.

  20. Mediterranean diet and insulin sensitivity, lipid profile and blood pressure levels, in overweight and obese people; The Attica study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zampelas Antonis

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We aimed to investigate if overweight and obese adults "close" to Mediterranean diet present better insulin, lipids profile and better pressure levels, compared to individuals close to a more Westernized diet. Methods The ATTICA study is a population-based cohort that has randomly enrolled 3042 adult men and women, stratified by age – gender, from the greater area of Athens, during 2001–2002. Of them, in this work were have studied 1762 participants with excess body weight, meaning overweight (BMI: 25–29.9 kg/m2 and obese (BMI>30 kg/m2. 1064 were men and 698 women (20–89 years old. Adherence to Mediterranean diet was assessed through a diet-score that was based on a validated food-frequency questionnaire. Blood pressure was measured and also fasting glucose, insulin and blood lipids. Insulin sensitivity was also assessed by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA approach (glucose × insulin/22.5. Results Individuals with excess bodyweight in the highest tertile of diet score, were more insulin sensitive than those in the lowest tertile (11.4% lower HOMA, p = 0.06, had 13% lower levels of total cholesterol (p = 0.001 and 3 mmHg decrease of systolic blood pressure levels (p Conclusion Adherence to Mediterranean diet is modeslty associated with a better insulin sensitivity, lower levels of total cholesterol and lower levels of systolic blood pressure in overweight and obese subjects. This may suggest that compared to general population, the beneficial effect of this diet in cardiovascular system of excess body weight people is limited.

  1. HEART RATE VARIABILITY PARAMETERS IN PATIENTS WITH ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION IN DEPENDENCE ON THE TYPE OF DAILY BLOOD PRESSURE PROFILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. G. B. K. Gorantla

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Violation of functioning of the autonomic nervous system is an important factor in the formation and progression of arterial hypertension (AH. Abnormal nocturnal blood pressure (BP reduction is regarded as an independent prognostic factor for cardiovascular complications in patients with AH. One of the possible factors that determine the violation of BP circadian rhythm can be imbalance of different parts of autonomic nervous system. The aim of our study was to study heart rate variability (HRV in patients with AH, dependently of BP profile. 72 patients with AH were examined. Average age was 57 ± 11 years. All patients underwent ambulatory BP (ABPM and ECG monitoring. To define the daily profile the nocturnal BP dip was quantified and for HRV evaluation the frequency analysis method was used. HRV changes in patients with AH present with reduced total power and with a violation in the ratio of the powers of very low, low and high frequencies, enhanced sympathycotension and influence of humoral factors. Violations of systolic BP (SBP daily profile was mainly characterized by an increase in the power of low frequency waves, which indicates an intensification of sympathetic and decreased parasympathetic influences. Violations of diastolic BP (DBP daily profile were mainly characterized by a relative increase in the power of very low frequency waves. The obtained results showed that in the management of patients with AH it is important not only to control the circadian SBP and DBP profiles, but the evaluation of HRV also.

  2. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... increased blood volumes and high blood pressure. Sympathetic Nervous System Activity The sympathetic nervous system has important functions in blood pressure regulation, including ...

  3. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... sensor, and a blood pressure cuff. With this equipment, they measure: Systolic Pressure: blood pressure when the ... or at other locations that have blood pressure equipment and to keep a written log of all ...

  4. High Blood Pressure Fact Sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... High Blood Pressure Salt Cholesterol Million Hearts® WISEWOMAN High Blood Pressure Fact Sheet Language: English (US) Español (Spanish) Recommend ... time. High blood pressure is also called hypertension. High Blood Pressure in the United States Having high blood pressure ...

  5. Home monitoring of blood pressure

    OpenAIRE

    McGrath, Barry P.

    2015-01-01

    Home blood pressure monitoring is the self-measurement of blood pressure by patients. In the diagnosis and management of high blood pressure it is complementary to 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and clinic blood pressure measurements. Home monitoring can also help to identify white-coat and masked hypertension.

  6. Understanding Blood Pressure Readings

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Facts About HBP • Know Your Numbers Introduction Hypertensive Crisis Monitoring Your Blood Pressure At ... to lower your HBP and prevent a heart attack. Lower your HBP now . Watch, Learn and ...

  7. The influence of adding tomato extract and acetylsalicylic acid to hypotensive therapy on the daily blood pressure profiles of patients with arterial hypertension and high cardiovascular risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osińska, Angelika N; Begier-Krasińska, Beata; Rzymski, Piotr; Krasińska, Aleksandra; Tykarski, Andrzej; Krasiński, Zbigniew

    2017-12-01

    Arterial hypertension (HT) is one of the most common diseases around the world and constitutes a significant medical, social, and economic problem. Lifestyle changes, including adequate fruit and vegetable consumption, play an important role in controlling blood pressure (BP) and other cardiovascular risk factors. To compare the influence of adding acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) or standardized tomato extract (STE) to standard hypotensive therapy on the values of arterial pressure and the daily blood pressure profiles of patients with hypertension and high cardiovascular risk. The study included 65 patients with arterial hypertension and high cardiovascular risk. High-risk patients with primary hypertension were randomly allocated in a blinded fashion to one of two groups (ASA or STE). In each case, two visits were made: the first - before the treatment, and the second - after 4 weeks of treatment. During each visit, the patients underwent a clinical measurement of arterial pressure and an ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM). Blood platelet aggregation was assessed using the VerifyNow analyzer. After 4 weeks of treatment, the blood pressure values during the day (p blood pressure (DBP) (by 6.5%) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) (by 3.3%). The use of STE is significant in HT patients with high total cardiovascular risk; it is associated with better BP control and improvements in the daily BP profile.

  8. Gestational weight gain and adiposity, fat distribution, metabolic profile, and blood pressure in offspring: the IDEFICS project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dello Russo, M; Ahrens, W; De Vriendt, T; Marild, S; Molnar, D; Moreno, L A; Reeske, A; Veidebaum, T; Kourides, Y A; Barba, G; Siani, A

    2013-07-01

    To investigate the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) and total adiposity, body fat distribution, blood pressure (BP), and metabolic profile in offspring. Cross-sectional study. Body mass index (BMI), waist, subscapular and tricipital skinfolds, and BP were measured and blood samples drawn in 12 775 children (aged 2-9 years) from the IDEFICS cohort. Overweight/obesity was defined by IOTF criteria. Parents filled in a questionnaire investigating child and familiar medical history and lifestyle. A section was dedicated to pregnancy history (including GWG). Anthropometric indices linearly and significantly increased across GWG tertiles (BMI z-score: tertile I =0.08, 0.03-0.13; tertile II =0.16, 0.12-0.21; tertile III =0.34, 0.28-0.40, Psmoking during pregnancy, maternal diabetes mellitus, gestational hypertension, and breastfeeding duration. After inclusion of BMI z-score among covariates, HbA1c significantly increased across tertiles (P=0.009) while no differences were observed for BP, serum insulin, HOMA index, blood glucose and lipids. The adjusted risk of overweight/obesity significantly increased by 14 and 22% in tertiles II and III respectively, in comparison with tertile I by logistic regression analysis controlling for covariates. Maternal GWG is an independent predictor of total adiposity and body fat distribution in offspring during infancy. Exposure to perinatal factors should be taken into account for early prevention of overweight and obesity.

  9. [Characteristic of blood pressure profile in elderly hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease: a tertiary hospital-based study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Shixing; Zhao, Hui; Wang, Yu

    2015-09-22

    To identify the characteristics of blood pressure (BP) in the elderly hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We retrospectively recruited 337 CKD patients who had been admitted into our renal unit during January 2010 to December 2012 and undergone clinical blood pressure (CBP) and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) measurement with detailed clinical data. Those with age ≥ 60 years old (n = 94) were designated as elderly patients and their BP data were compared with those of young- and middle-aged patients (elder CKD patients had the following characteristics: (1) Higher prevalence of white-coat hypertension (24.5% vs 12.3%, P = 0.008). (2) Significantly lower diastolic blood pressure of average 24 h, daytime and nighttime by ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure (ABPM) (all P elderly hypertensive CKD patients is different from that of young- and middle-aged patients. ABPM should be more commonly performed to improve BP treatment of elderly CKD patients.

  10. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  11. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  12. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  13. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Nervous System Activity The sympathetic nervous system has important functions in blood pressure regulation, including heart rate, ... prevent high blood pressure from developing. It is important to check your blood pressure regularly. Children should ...

  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... page from the NHLBI on Twitter. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure For most patients, health care providers ... are consistently 140/90 mmHg or above. Confirming High Blood Pressure A blood pressure test is easy ...

  15. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  16. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  18. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... from the NHLBI on Twitter. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure For most patients, health care providers diagnose ... consistently 140/90 mmHg or above. Confirming High Blood Pressure A blood pressure test is easy and ...

  19. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... increase your risk for developing high blood pressure. Age Blood pressure tends to rise with age. About 65 percent of Americans age 60 or older have high blood pressure. However, ...

  20. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  1. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... your blood pressure returns to your normal baseline range. Blood pressure normally rises with age and body ... 160 or higher OR 100 or higher The ranges in the table are blood pressure guides for ...

  2. Influence of physical activity and dietary habits on lipid profile, blood pressure and BMI in subjects with metabolic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muros Molina, J J; Oliveras López, Ma J; Mayor Reyes, Ma; Reyes Burgos, T; López García de la Serrana, H

    2011-01-01

    The present study was determined the influence of physical activity and dietary habits on lipid profile, blood pressure (BP) and body mass index (BMI) in subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS). Identify the relationship between physical activity and proper nutrition and the probability of suffering from myocardial infarction (MI). Hundred chronically ill with MS who were active and followed a healthy diet were classified as compliant, while the remaining subjects were classified as non-compliant. The compliant subjects show lower BMI values (30.8±4.9 vs 32.5±4.6), as well as lower levels of triacylglycerol (130.4±48.2 vs 242.1±90.1), total cholesterol (193.5±39 vs 220.2±52.3) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (105.2±38.3 vs 139.2±45). They show higher values in terms of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (62.2±20.1 vs 36.6±15.3), with statistically significant differences. In terms of both systolic and diastolic pressure, no differences were revealed between the groups; however, those who maintain proper dietary habits show lower systolic blood pressure levels than the inactive subjects. The probability of suffering from MI greatly increases among the group of non-compliant subjects. Our results demonstrate how performing aerobic physical activity and following an individualized, Mediterranean diet significantly reduces MS indicators and the chances of suffering from MI.

  3. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... weakens and damages your blood vessels, which can lead to complications . Types of High Blood Pressure There ... Angiotensin narrows or constricts blood vessels, which can lead to an increase in blood pressure. Aldosterone controls ...

  4. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Imbalances in this kidney function can expand blood volumes, which can cause high blood pressure. Renin-Angiotensin- ... change this kidney function, leading to increased blood volumes and high blood pressure. Sympathetic Nervous System Activity ...

  5. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... System Activity The sympathetic nervous system has important functions in blood pressure regulation, including heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate. Researchers are ...

  6. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... outlines and defines high blood pressure severity levels. Stages of High Blood Pressure in Adults Stages Systolic (top number) Diastolic (bottom number) Prehypertension 120– ...

  7. DIGITAL BLOOD PRESSURE MONITOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Fuentes

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work we present a blood pressure monitor which measures both the high blood pressure (systolic pressure,and the low blood pressure (diastolic pressure. It is a semiautomatic meter because the inflation of the occlusivecuff is carried out in a manual way. The transducer used is a piezoresistive silicon pressure sensor integrated onchip which provides a proportional voltage to the input pressure, with a measurement range from 0 to 50 kPa (0–7.3 PSI. The oscillometric method is employed, which consists on detecting the oscillometric signal on brachialartery, being processed at each pressure step, when the cuff is gradually deflated. Signal sampling is carried out ata rate determined by the heart rate.In order to program the digital electronics of the circuit we used Altera tools, with the compiler MAX-PLUS II, andthe device selected to implement the design was an EPM7128SLC84-15 CPLD (Complex Programmable LogicDevice

  8. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Pregnancy Healthy Food Shopping Healthy Drinks for Kids High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) KidsHealth > For Parents > High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) ... How Is High Blood Pressure Treated? What Is High Blood Pressure? Blood pressure is the pressure of blood against ...

  9. Effects of parental hypertension on longitudinal trends in blood pressure and plasma metabolic profile: mixed-effects model analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitsumata, Kaneto; Saitoh, Shigeyuki; Ohnishi, Hirofumi; Akasaka, Hiroshi; Miura, Tetsuji

    2012-11-01

    The mechanism underlying the association of parental hypertension with cardiovascular events in offspring remains unclear. In this study, the effects of parental hypertension on longitudinal trends of blood pressure and metabolic parameters were examined by mixed-effects model analysis. From 1977 to 2006, 5198 subjects participated in the Tanno-Sobetsu Study, and we selected 2607 subjects (1095 men and 1512 women) for whom data on parental history of hypertension were available. In both men and women with and without parental hypertension, systolic blood pressure and fasting blood glucose levels consistently increased from the third to eighth decades of life, whereas diastolic blood pressure and serum triglyceride levels followed biphasic (inverted U shape) time courses during that period. However, the relationships between the parameters and age were significantly shifted upward (by ≈5.3 mm Hg in systolic blood pressure, 2.8 mm Hg in diastolic blood pressure, 0.30 mmol/L in blood glucose, and 0.09 mmol/L in triglyceride) in the group with parental hypertension compared with those in the group without parental hypertension. Both paternal and maternal histories of hypertension were determinants of systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure, and there was no significant interaction between the sides of parental history. There were no significant effects of parental hypertension on age-dependent or body mass index-dependent changes in serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level. The present results indicate that parental hypertension has an age-independent impact on elevation of blood pressure, plasma glucose, and triglyceride levels, which may underlie the reported increase in cardiovascular events by family history of hypertension.

  10. Profile of elderly people with high blood pressure in a family physical activity program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luzia Wilma Santana da Silva

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A quantitative and descriptive study, aimed at analyzing the socioeconomic and behavioral profile of elderly people with hypertension interested in participating in a regular physical activity program with their families. The results showed people that mainly belong to the C class, which adopt physically active behavior to the routines of housework in their daily lives. The findings, allows to infer that for specific health promotion arises as necessary regular physical activity as a commitment to add to the home daily demands to health potential.  

  11. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  17. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  18. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  19. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  1. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... risk for prehypertension and high blood pressure is increasing for children and teens, possibly due to the ... II is a hormone that narrows blood vessels, increasing blood pressure. ACE converts Angiotensin I to Angiotensin ...

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  4. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  5. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  8. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  9. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... blood pressure. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors : Angiotensin-II is a hormone that narrows blood vessels, increasing blood pressure. ACE converts Angiotensin I to Angiotensin II. ACE inhibitors block this process, which stops the ...

  10. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... pressure and maintain normal blood pressure readings. Healthy Eating To help treat high blood pressure, health care ... more about the DASH eating plan. Heart-Healthy Eating Your health care provider also may recommend heart- ...

  11. EFFECT OF MORNING AND EVENING RAMIPRIL TAKING ON AMBULATORY BLOOD PRESSURE PROFILE IN PATIENTS WITH ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Gorbunov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To compare antihypertensive effect of ramipril monotherapy at morning and evening taking.Material and methods. 22 patients (10 men, 12 women; aged 62,1±1,9 y.o. with arterial hypertension of 1-2 stage were involved into the open randomized crossover study. Patients were randomized into 2 groups depending on ramipril taking time (morning or evening. Ambulatory blood pressure (BP monitoring (ABPM was performed. Patients of both groups were comparable in basic clinical characteristics and initial ABPM indices. Analysis of peak and phase characteristics of 24 hour BP profile was used as well as standard evaluation. Treatment duration was 3 weeks. Ramipril dose titration was made in 1,5 weeks. The average daily dose of ramipril was 6,1 mg in the morning taking, and 5,0 mg in the evening taking.Results. 20 patients finished study completely. 24 hour initial level of systolic (SBP and diastolic BP (DBP was 141,5±1,6/85,3±1,1 mm Hg. After ramipril monotherapy with evening taking BP reduced to 132,6±1,6/79,8±1,1 mm Hg (p<0,001 and with morning taking – to 131,8±1,6/79,2±1,1 mm Hg (p<0,001. Evening ramipril taking led to significant improvement of 24 hour BP profile. Night SBP/DBP reduction became deeper from 7,7±1,2/11,5±1,3% to 12,5±1,2/19,1±1,3 % (p<0,01. Morning taking did not have significant influence on these indices. Ramipril did not result in clinically significant hypotension including night one.Conclusion. Evening ramipril taking is effective and safe. It can be recommended to patients with insufficient night BP dipping (non dippers. 

  12. Effects of blood pressure and blood pressure reactivity on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated whether the relationship between sex and experimental pain report was explained by blood pressure at rest, or during pain task, or both in healthy, young adult females. Univariate analyses indicated significant positive correlation between baseline systolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure ...

  13. Effect of probiotics on lipid profiles and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes: A meta-analysis of RCTs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Jun; Zhang, Fan; Han, Yan

    2017-12-01

    This meta-analysis aimed to systematically evaluate the effects of probiotics on blood lipid and blood pressure among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on the randomized controlled studies. PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and VIP database were searched by the index words to identify the qualified randomized control trial. The latest research was done in the January 2017. Mean difference (MD) along with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to analyze the included outcomes. Ten trials were included at last with 297 patients in the treatment group and 294 patients in the control group. Probiotics significantly decreased the value of total cholesterol (SMD -0.57, 95% CI -0.92 to 0.21), triglyceride (SMD -0.66, 95% CI -0.93 to 0.39), low-density lipoprotein (SMD -0.40, 95% CI -0.79 to 0.01), systolic blood pressure (WMD -5.04, 95% CI -8.8 to 1.20), diastolic blood pressure (SMD -0.39, 95% CI -0.62 to 0.17), fasting blood glucose (FBG) (SMD 3.54, 95% CI 1.94-5.15) compared with the placebo treatment. Apart from this, probiotics could significantly improve the value of high-density lipoprotein (SMD 0.38, 95% CI 0.03-0.73). Probiotics may decrease the indexes of lipid profile, blood pressure, and FBG in patients with T2DM; application of probiotics might be a new method for lipid profiles and blood pressure management in T2DM. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Race and Sex Differences of Long-Term Blood Pressure Profiles From Childhood and Adult Hypertension: The Bogalusa Heart Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Wei; Zhang, Tao; Li, Shengxu; Zhang, Huijie; Xi, Bo; Shen, Hongbing; Fernandez, Camilo; Bazzano, Lydia; He, Jiang; Chen, Wei

    2017-07-01

    This study aims to characterize longitudinal blood pressure (BP) trajectories from childhood in black-white and sex groups and examine the association between childhood level-independent trajectories of BP and adult hypertension. The longitudinal cohort consisted of 2732 adults who had body mass index and BP measured 4 to 15 times from childhood (4-19 years) to adulthood (20-51 years). Model-estimated levels and linear slopes of BP and body mass index at childhood age points were calculated at 1-year intervals using the growth curve parameters and their first derivatives, respectively. Linear and nonlinear curve parameters differed significantly between race-sex groups; BP levels showed race and sex differences 15 years of age onward. Hypertensives had higher long-term BP levels than normotensives in race-sex groups. Although linear and nonlinear slope parameters of BP were race and sex specific, they differed consistently, significantly between hypertension and normotension groups. BP trajectories during young adulthood (20-35 years) were significantly greater in hypertensives than in normotensives; however, the trajectories during middle-aged adulthood (36-51 years) were significantly smaller in hypertensives than in normotensives. Level-independent linear slopes of systolic BP showed significantly negative associations (odds ratio=0.50≈0.76; P hypertension, adjusting for covariates. These associations were consistent across race-sex groups. These observations indicate that adult hypertension originates in childhood, with different longitudinal BP trajectory profiles during young and middle-aged adulthood in black-white and sex groups. Puberty is a crucial period for the development of hypertension in later life. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  15. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  18. Medications for High Blood Pressure

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  19. High blood pressure and diet

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  20. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  18. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Also known as Hypertension See also Information for Health Professionals What Is High blood pressure is a common ... Before age 55, men are more likely than women to develop high blood pressure. After age 55, ...

  19. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  20. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  7. High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy

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  20. Blood pressure monitors for home

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  1. Blood Pressure Profile in School Children (6-16yrs. Of Southern India: A Prospective Observational Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad eSayeemuddin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Aims and objective: To determine normal blood pressure in apparently healthy, asymptomatic school children in the age group of 6 – 16yrs and to determine the correlation of blood pressure values with different sex, weight, height and Body mass index (BMI and also to find out prevalence of hypertension in school going population. Material and method: This prospective, observational study enrolled 3302 urban children (1,658boys and 1,644 girls in the age group of 6-16 years .These were analysed to study the distribution pattern of systolic blood pressure (SBP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP at different ages, sex, weight, height and BMI. The systolic and diastolic BP were noted as per age and sex. The association was seen between mean SBP and mean DBP with weight, height and BMI. Information was collected about the family history of hypertension and was correlated with the obtained SBP and DBP readings.Results: The mean systolic blood pressure in males at 6 years was 99.69 ± 3.62 mm of Hg, at 10 years was 102.20 ± 2.16 mm of Hg and at 16 years was 115.33 ± 1.26 mm of Hg. The mean SBP in females at 6 years was 96.55 ± 2.86 mm of Hg, at 10 years was 101.16± 2.12 mm of Hg and at 16 years was 112.41 ± 1.06 mm of Hg. The correlation coefficient for relationship between age and SBP in males and females was 0.89 and 0.91 respectively and for DBP was 0.92 and 0.90 respectively. The correlation coefficient for relationship between height and SBP in males and females was 0.91 and 0.93 respectively and for DBP was 0.92 and 0.88 respectively.The correlation coefficient for relationship between weight and SBP in males and females was 0.92 and 0.92 respectively and for DBP was 0.94 and 0.91 respectively .In the normogram obtained in the study 95%of study population fall between mean +2SD and– 2SD. Conclusion: The Blood pressure (SBP and DBP tends to increase with age, weight, height and BMI. The Blood Pressure values (SBP and DBP increases grossly

  2. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  3. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... blood pressure and maintain normal blood pressure readings. Healthy Eating To help treat high blood pressure, health care providers recommend that you limit sodium and salt intake, increase potassium, and eat foods that are heart healthy. Limiting Sodium and Salt ...

  4. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Card can help you track your blood pressure. Pregnancy Planning High blood pressure can cause problems for mother and ... before and during the pregnancy. Some women develop high blood pressure during pregnancy. When this happens, your health care provider will ...

  5. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  6. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  7. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  8. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  9. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... page from the NHLBI on Twitter. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure For most patients, health care providers diagnose high ... are consistently 140/90 mmHg or above. Confirming High Blood Pressure A blood pressure test is easy and painless ...

  10. The effect of glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 polymorphisms on blood pressure, blood glucose, and lipid profiles following the supplementation of kale (Brassica oleracea acephala) juice in South Korean subclinical hypertensive patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Jeong-Hwa; Lee, Hye-Jin; Kim, Tae-Seok; Kang, Myung-Hee

    2015-02-01

    Glutathione S-transferase (GST) forms a multigene family of phase II detoxification enzymes which are involved in the detoxification of reactive oxygen species. This study examines whether daily supplementation of kale juice can modulate blood pressure (BP), levels of lipid profiles, and blood glucose, and whether this modulation could be affected by the GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms. 84 subclinical hypertensive patients showing systolic BP over 130 mmHg or diastolic BP over 85 mmHg received 300 ml/day of kale juice for 6 weeks, and blood samples were collected on 0-week and 6-week in order to evaluate plasma lipid profiles (total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol) and blood glucose. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was significantly decreased in all patients regardless of their GSTM1 or GSTT1 polymorphisms after kale juice supplementation. Blood glucose level was decreased only in the GSTM1-present genotype, and plasma lipid profiles showed no difference in both the GSTM1-null and GSTM1-present genotypes. In the case of GSTT1, on the other hand, plasma HDL-C was increased and LDL-C was decreased only in the GSTT1-present type, while blood glucose was decreased only in the GSTT1-null genotype. These findings suggest that the supplementation of kale juice affected blood pressure, lipid profiles, and blood glucose in subclinical hypertensive patients depending on their GST genetic polymorphisms, and the improvement of lipid profiles was mainly greater in the GSTT1-present genotype and the decrease of blood glucose was greater in the GSTM1-present or GSTT1-null genotypes.

  11. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Science Science Home Blood Disorders and Blood Safety Sleep Science and Sleep Disorders Lung Diseases Heart and Vascular Diseases Precision ... normal for blood pressures to change when you sleep, wake up, or are excited or nervous. When ...

  12. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... system activity , and blood vessel structure and function. Biology and High Blood Pressure Researchers continue to study ... balances, cause your blood vessels to constrict, or impact the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system leading to high ...

  13. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... pressure is a common disease in which blood flows through blood vessels (arteries) at higher than normal ... press on nearby body parts, or block blood flow. The signs and symptoms that develop depend on ...

  14. Blood Pressure vs. Heart Rate

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    ... Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More Blood Pressure vs. Heart Rate (Pulse) Updated:Sep 15,2017 Understanding the difference ... your blood moving through your blood vessels, your heart rate is the number of times your heart beats ...

  15. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. High blood pressure, sometimes called hypertension, happens ... breath. Heart Failure : When the heart can’t pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. Common ...

  16. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... system activity , and blood vessel structure and function. Biology and High Blood Pressure Researchers continue to study ... Channel Blockers: Keep calcium from entering the muscle cells of your heart and blood vessels. This allows ...

  17. Effect of Two Isocaloric Diets, Low Fat- High Calcium and Low Fat- High Fiber on Weight Reduction, Lipid Profile, and Blood Pressure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MH Eftekhari

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Coronary Heart Disease is commonly associated with obesity, raised serum lipid levels and changes in blood pressure. The present study was designed to assess the effect of low fat- high calcium, and low fat- high fiber diets on weight reduction, lipid profile and blood pressure.Methods: The study sample consisted of 136 referred patients adult, obese men aged 53-64 years. Samples randomly were subdivided in two groups. Group 1 was advised 1600 calories, 20% fat, 1600 mg calcium rich diet and group 2 followed similar diet as for group 1 except a total daily intake of 55g fiber and 900 mg calcium per day for 12 weeks. Blood samples were collected and assayed for total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDLcholesterol and TG. Anthropometric assessments included measurement of weight, height, and waist circumferences followed by calculating Body mass index. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were measured by using sphygmomanometer. Statistical analysis was performed with parametric and non-parametric methods as appropriate.Results: Data analysis revealed a significant decrease in total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and TG in two groups, without any significant changes in HDL-cholesterol. Weight and blood pressure decreased in two groups, but the rate of reduction in blood pressure, weight and waist circumference were more significant in group 1 compared to group 2.Conclusion: An increase in dietary calcium intake, together with a Low calorie, low-fat diet can increase lipolysis in fat tissues, make greater weigh loss, ameliorate blood pressure, improve lipid levels, and reduce the risk of coronary vascular diseases.

  18. ORANGE JUICE AND BLOOD PRESSURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. F. VALIM

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Blood pressure is the force of blood against artery walls. It is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg and recorded as two numbers: systolic pressure (as the heart contracts over diastolic pressure (as the heart relaxes between beats. High blood pressure (hypertension is defined as chronically elevated high blood pressure, with systolic blood pressure (SBP of 140 mm Hg or greater, and diastolic blood pressure (DBP of 90 mm Hg or greater. High blood pressure (HBP, smoking, abnormal blood lipid levels, obesity and diabetes are risk factors for coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in the US. Lifestyle modifications such as engaging in regular physical activity, quitting smoking and eating a healthy diet (limiting intake of saturated fat and sodium and increasing consumption of fiber, fruits and vegetables are advocated for the prevention, treatment, and control of HBP. As multiple factors influence blood pressure, the effects of each factor are typically modest, particularly in normotensive subjects, yet the combined effects can be substantial. Nutrition plays an important role in influencing blood pressure. Orange juice should be included as part of any low sodium diet and/or any blood pressure reducing eating plan, as it is sodium free, fat-free and can help meet recommended levels of potassium intake that may contribute to lower BP.

  19. Super, Red Palm and Palm Oleins Improve the Blood Pressure, Heart Size, Aortic Media Thickness and Lipid Profile in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boon, Chee-Meng; Ng, Mei-Han; Choo, Yuen-May; Mok, Shiueh-Lian

    2013-01-01

    Background Oleic acid has been shown to lower high blood pressure and provide cardiovascular protection. Curiosity arises as to whether super olein (SO), red palm olein (RPO) and palm olein (PO), which have high oleic acid content, are able to prevent the development of hypertension. Methodology/Principal Findings Four-week-old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were fed 15% SO, RPO or PO supplemented diet for 15 weeks. After 15 weeks of treatment, the systolic blood pressure (SBP) of SHR treated with SO, RPO and PO were 158.4±5.0 mmHg (pOil Red O enface staining of thoracic-abdominal aorta did not show any lipid deposition in all treated rats. The SO and RPO significantly raised serum alkaline phosphatase levels in the SHR while body weight and renal biochemical indices were unaltered in both strains. Serum lipid profiles of treated SHR and WKY rats were unchanged, with the exception of a significant reduction in LDL-C level and total cholesterol/HDL ratio (atherogenic index) in SO and RPO treated SHR compared with untreated SHR. Conclusion The SO, RPO and PO attenuate the rise in blood pressure in SHR, accompanied by bradycardia and heart size reduction with SO and PO, and aortic media thickness reduction with SO, RPO and PO. The SO and RPO are antiatherogenic in nature by improving blood lipid profiles in SHR. PMID:23409085

  20. Casual blood pressure among Tanzanian undergraduate students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Despite of the recommendations to use population specific blood pressure (BP) references which consider time, ethnicity and environmental factors, there is limited information regarding BP profile among Tanzanians. This cross sectional study was done to determine casual BP profile among healthy volunteer ...

  1. Relationships between blood lead, blood pressure, serum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Study examined the associations between blood – Pb, serum cholesterol, diastolic and, systolic blood pressures, hematocrit, body weight, age and body mass index in 528 study subjects comprising 50% cigarette smoking and 50% non-smoking male residents of Abeokuta, Nigeria, aged from 15 to 80 years. Blood Pb was ...

  2. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... your risk for health problems. Greater amounts of weight loss can improve blood pressure readings, lower LDL cholesterol , ... blood pressure and triglyceride levels, a type of fat found in the blood. Alcohol also adds extra calories, which may cause weight gain. Men should have no more than two ...

  3. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... cause high blood pressure. Blood Vessel Structure and Function Changes in the structure and function of small and large arteries may contribute to ... to stop or slow some of the body’s functions that cause high blood pressure. Medicines to lower ...

  4. Effects of metformin on the glycemic control, lipid profile, and arterial blood pressure of type 2 diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome already on insulin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.A. Mourão-Júnior

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Fifty-seven type 2 diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome and on insulin were assessed by a paired analysis before and 6 months after addition of metformin as combination therapy to evaluate the impact of the association on glycemic control, blood pressure, and lipid profile. This was a historical cohort study in which the files of type 2 diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome on insulin were reviewed. The body mass index (BMI, waist circumference, lipid profile, A1C level, fasting blood glucose level, daily dose of NPH insulin, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure were assessed in each patient before the start of metformin and 6 months after the initiation of combination therapy. Glycemic control significantly improved (P < 0.001 after the addition of metformin (1404.4 ± 565.5 mg/day, with 14% of the 57 patients reaching A1C levels up to 7%, and 53% reaching values up to 8%. There was a statistically significant reduction (P < 0.05 of total cholesterol (229.0 ± 29.5 to 214.2 ± 25.0 mg/dL, BMI (30.7 ± 5.4 to 29.0 ± 4.0 kg/m², waist circumference (124.6 ± 11.7 to 117.3 ± 9.3 cm, and daily necessity of insulin. The reduction of total cholesterol occurred independently of the reductions of A1C (9.65 ± 1.03 to 8.18 ± 1.01% and BMI and the reduction of BMI and WC did not interfere with the improvement of A1C. In conclusion, our study showed the efficacy of the administration of metformin and insulin simultaneously without negative effects. No changes were detected in HDL-cholesterol or blood pressure.

  5. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  6. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... estrogen, and over-the-counter medicines such as cold relief medicines may cause this form of high blood ... blood pressure is more common in African American adults than in Caucasian or ...

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  8. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... NHLBI About NHLBI Home Mission and Strategic Vision Leadership Scientific Divisions Operations and Administration Advisory Committees Budget ... in the blood vessels, causing the heart to work harder and leading to high blood pressure. Medicines ...

  9. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... and adults. They use a gauge, stethoscope or electronic sensor, and a blood pressure cuff. With this ... the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the guidelines now define hypertension as a systolic blood... View all ...

  10. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... of physical activity Drinking too much alcohol Stress Family History A family history of high blood pressure ... Stroke Other Resources Many resources are available for support and to provide additional information on high blood ...

  11. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... to cognitive changes. Signs and symptoms include memory loss, difficulty finding words, and losing focus during conversations. ... high blood pressure; lifestyle changes such as weight loss can be highly effective in treating high blood ...

  12. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... system activity , and blood vessel structure and function. Biology and High Blood Pressure Researchers continue to study ... sodium and salt intake, increase potassium, and eat foods that are heart healthy. Limiting Sodium and Salt ...

  13. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... ACE inhibitors block this process, which stops the production of Angiotensin II, lowering blood pressure. Angiotensin II ... The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) leads or sponsors many studies aimed at preventing, diagnosing, ...

  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... treatment plans for high blood pressure that include lifelong lifestyle changes and medicines to control high blood ... Managing and coping with stress To help make lifelong lifestyle changes, try making one healthy lifestyle change ...

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  16. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... control high blood pressure; lifestyle changes such as weight loss can be highly effective in treating high blood ... If you’re overweight or obese, try to lose weight. A loss of just 3 to 5 percent ...

  17. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... and Strategic Vision Leadership Scientific Divisions Operations and Administration Advisory Committees Budget and Legislative Information Jobs and ... With DASH My Blood Pressure Wallet Card Other Resources Cigarette and Tobacco Facts (National Institute on Drug Abuse) High Blood ...

  18. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... 120/80 mmHg. The following table outlines and defines high blood pressure severity levels. Stages of High ... American College of Cardiology (ACC), the guidelines now define hypertension as a systolic blood... View all news ...

  19. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... happens because medicines can change the way your body controls fluid and salt balances, cause your blood vessels to constrict, or impact the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system leading to high blood pressure. Other Medical Causes of High Blood ... these other conditions change the way your body controls fluids, sodium, and hormones in your blood, which leads ...

  20. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... or hormone therapies, including birth control pills and estrogen, and over-the-counter medicines such as cold ... pressure. Medicines to lower blood pressure include: Diuretics (Water or Fluid Pills): Flush excess sodium from your ...

  1. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... term serious illnesses. People with diabetes or chronic kidney disease should keep their blood pressure below 130/80 ... pressure include other medical conditions such as chronic kidney disease , sleep apnea , thyroid problems, or certain tumors. This ...

  2. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Signs and symptoms include memory loss, difficulty finding words, and losing focus during conversations. Eye Damage: When ... pressure. Medicines to lower blood pressure include: Diuretics (Water or Fluid Pills): Flush excess sodium from your ...

  3. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... the body’s salt balance by retaining sodium and water and excreting potassium. Imbalances in this kidney function ... pressure. Medicines to lower blood pressure include: Diuretics (Water or Fluid Pills): Flush excess sodium from your ...

  4. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... of Intramural Research Research Resources Research Meeting Summaries Technology Transfer ... » Health Information for the Public » Health Topics » High Blood Pressure » ...

  5. Blood pressure and atherogenic lipoprotein profiles of fish-diet and vegetarian villagers in Tanzania: the Lugalawa study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pauletto, P; Puato, M; Caroli, M G; Casiglia, E; Munhambo, A E; Cazzolato, G; Bittolo Bon, G; Angeli, M T; Galli, C; Pessina, A C

    1996-09-21

    There is evidence that populations with a high intake of fish, and specifically fish oils, are at reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. To explore the effect of fish intake, we compared two groups of Bantu villagers in Tanzania; one group live on the shores of Lake Nyasa and their diet includes large amounts of freshwater fish; the other group live in the nearby hills and have a vegetarian diet. We carried out a cross-sectional study of 622 fish-consuming villagers and 686 vegetarian villagers. 618 (99.4%) and 645 (94.0%), respectively, agreed to take part. Anthropometric and self-reported medical history data were collected by one local physician and a medical assistant, who also measured blood pressure and took blood samples for measurement of plasma lipids. A dietary questionnaire was administered to 25 families (about 15% of the study population) in each village. After adjustment for age, sex, and alcohol intake the fish-consuming group had lower mean blood pressure than the vegetarian group (123/72 vs 133/76 mm Hg, p vegetarian group (2.8 vs 16.4%; 9.7 vs 22.3%, respectively). Plasma concentrations of total cholesterol (mean 3.53 [SD 1.04] vs 4.10 [1.04] mmol/L), triglycerides (0.92 [0.64] vs 1.31 [0.64] mmol/L), and lipoprotein(a) (201 [213] vs 321 [212] mg/L), were all lower (p vegetarian group. The proportions of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma lipids were higher (p vegetarian group (eicosapentaenoic acid 2.3 [1.3] vs 0.7 [0.2]%; docosapentaenoic acid 1.1 [0.4] vs 0.6 [0.3]%; docosahexaenoic acid 5.7 [1.6] vs 1.5 [1.1]%). In these villagers, consumption of freshwater fish (300-600 g daily) was associated with raised plasma concentrations of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, lower blood pressure, and lower plasma lipid concentrations.

  6. Why ambulatory blood pressure monitoring?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Punzi, H A

    1998-11-15

    Factors that affect the reliability and accuracy of blood pressure measurements are reviewed, and new technologies for measuring blood pressure are discussed. Blood pressure measurements obtained in an office, hospital, or clinic are subject to variation and error. Reasons for variations include the wrong cuff size, improper inflation or deflation technique, and patient apprehension ("white-coat syndrome"). Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) involves the use of a fully automated standard arm cuff that is inflated at predetermined intervals by a small battery-powered pump unit. The most reliable ABPM method is the oscillometric method, which detects subtle changes in air pressure within the cuff system caused by fluctuations of the brachial artery. The process for interpreting 24-hour ABPM data is still evolving. Twenty-four-hour ABPM has been shown to eliminate white-coat hypertension and is also useful for assessing patients whose blood pressure is inappropriately high in the absence of end organ damage, monitoring persons at risk of developing hypertension because of their race or family history, determining a medication's 24-hour effect on blood pressure, and assessing the early-morning rapid rise in blood pressure, which has been linked to an increased risk of nonembolic stroke and myocardial infarction. ABPM enables identification of patients whose blood pressure is elevated in the office but normal at home, allows more appropriate screening of patients for clinical trials, gives reproducible values, and enables evaluation of drug duration and action.

  7. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... health and can lower high blood pressure. Stress management techniques include: Being physically active Listening to music or focusing on something calm or peaceful Performing yoga or tai chi Meditating Medicines Blood pressure medicines work in different ways to stop or slow some of the ...

  8. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... of Intramural Research Research Resources Research Meeting Summaries Technology Transfer Clinical Trials What Are Clinical Trials? Children & ... or at other locations that have blood pressure equipment and to keep a written ... at several medical appointments to diagnose high blood pressure. Using the ...

  9. High Blood Pressure and Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Peripheral Artery Disease Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More High Blood Pressure and Women Updated:Dec 14,2016 Pregnancy and ... Women . This content was last reviewed October 2016. High Blood Pressure • Home • Get the Facts About HBP • Know Your ...

  10. Common High Blood Pressure Myths

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    ... Artery Disease Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More Common High Blood Pressure Myths Updated:Dec 8,2017 Knowing the facts ... health. This content was last reviewed October 2016. High Blood Pressure • Home • Get the Facts About HBP Introduction What ...

  11. What Is High Blood Pressure?

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    ... Disease Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More What is High Blood Pressure? Updated:Oct 5,2017 First, let’s define high ... resources . This content was last reviewed October 2016. High Blood Pressure • Home • Get the Facts About HBP Introduction What ...

  12. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... other conditions or medicines or if you have primary high blood pressure. Health care providers can use this information to develop your treatment plan. Some people have “white coat hypertension.” This happens when blood pressure readings are only high when taken in a health ...

  13. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... learn how to check your blood pressure at home. Your health care provider can help you learn how to do ... to lower the chance of complications. With such care, most women and babies have good ... Resources Healthy Hearts, Healthy Homes: Keep the Beat: Control Your High Blood Pressure/ ...

  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... short-term serious illnesses. People with diabetes or chronic kidney disease should keep their blood pressure below 130/80 ... blood pressure include other medical conditions such as chronic kidney disease , sleep apnea , thyroid problems, or certain tumors. This ...

  15. Diabetes and blood pressure (image)

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    People with diabetes have a higher risk for heart attacks and strokes. Your doctor or nurse should check your blood pressure ... People with diabetes have a higher risk for heart attacks and strokes. Your doctor or nurse should check your blood pressure ...

  16. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... NHLBI About NHLBI Home Mission and Strategic Vision Leadership Scientific Divisions Operations and Administration Advisory Committees Budget ... health and can lower high blood pressure. Stress management techniques include: Being physically ... SPRINT trial played a key role in the evolution of the new blood pressure ...

  17. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... physical health and can lower high blood pressure. Stress management techniques include: Being physically active Listening to music or focusing on something calm or peaceful Performing yoga or tai chi Meditating Medicines Blood pressure medicines work in different ways to stop or slow some ...

  18. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... can help you control high blood pressure. These habits include: Healthy eating Being physically active Maintaining a healthy weight Limiting ... earlier changes. When you practice several healthy lifestyle habits, you are more likely to lower ... Eating To help treat high blood pressure, health care ...

  19. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... provider’s office compared with readings taken in any other location. Health care providers diagnose this type of high blood pressure ... high blood pressure and reduce your risk for other health problems. Talk with your health care provider before you start a new exercise plan. ...

  20. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Stroke Other Resources Many resources are available for support and to provide additional information on high blood pressure not found elsewhere in this Health Topic. NHLBI Resources Healthy Hearts, Healthy Homes: Keep the Beat: Control Your High Blood Pressure/ ...

  1. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... provider may ask you to come into the office on different days and at different times to take your blood pressure. The health care provider also may ask you to check readings at home or at other locations that have blood pressure ...

  2. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... or focusing on something calm or peaceful Performing yoga or tai chi Meditating Medicines Blood pressure medicines work in different ways to stop or slow some of the body’s functions that cause high blood pressure. Medicines to ...

  3. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Severity and Type Your health care provider usually takes 2–3 readings at several medical appointments to diagnose high blood pressure. Using the results of your blood pressure test, your health care provider will diagnose prehypertension or ...

  4. Blood Pressure Drugs and AMD

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    ... Patient Stories Español Eye Health / News Research News: Blood Pressure Drugs and AMD Leer en Español: Noticias de ... also found an association between AMD and high blood pressure, but this has been inconsistent. To help clarify ...

  5. Serotonin and Blood Pressure Regulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Shaun F.; Davis, Robert Patrick; Barman, Susan M.

    2012-01-01

    5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) was discovered more than 60 years ago as a substance isolated from blood. The neural effects of 5-HT have been well investigated and understood, thanks in part to the pharmacological tools available to dissect the serotonergic system and the development of the frequently prescribed selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors. By contrast, our understanding of the role of 5-HT in the control and modification of blood pressure pales in comparison. Here we focus on the role of 5-HT in systemic blood pressure control. This review provides an in-depth study of the function and pharmacology of 5-HT in those tissues that can modify blood pressure (blood, vasculature, heart, adrenal gland, kidney, brain), with a focus on the autonomic nervous system that includes mechanisms of action and pharmacology of 5-HT within each system. We compare the change in blood pressure produced in different species by short- and long-term administration of 5-HT or selective serotonin receptor agonists. To further our understanding of the mechanisms through which 5-HT modifies blood pressure, we also describe the blood pressure effects of commonly used drugs that modify the actions of 5-HT. The pharmacology and physiological actions of 5-HT in modifying blood pressure are important, given its involvement in circulatory shock, orthostatic hypotension, serotonin syndrome and hypertension. PMID:22407614

  6. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Trials Publications and Resources Health Education and Awareness The Science Science Home Blood Disorders and Blood Safety Sleep ... eating plan if you have high blood pressure. The DASH eating plan focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other foods that are heart healthy ...

  7. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Accessible Search Form Search the NHLBI, use the drop down list to select: the entire site, the Health Topics section only, or the News and Resources section. NHLBI ... for Health Professionals What Is High blood pressure is a common disease in which blood flows through blood vessels (arteries) ...

  8. Diet, blood pressure, and multicollinearity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, D; McGee, D; Yano, K; Hankin, J

    1985-01-01

    Recent reports of an inverse association between dietary calcium intake and hypertension stimulated this analysis of the relationship of blood pressure to more than 20 dietary factors among a group of 8000 Japanese men in Hawaii. Reported intakes of potassium, calcium, protein, and milk were all inversely associated with blood pressure levels when examined one at a time while controlling for other risk factors. Alcohol intake was directly associated with blood pressure, and was treated as a confounding variable in the analysis. The association of potassium intake with blood pressure was relatively stronger than the associations for other nutrients, but the intake of potassium was so highly correlated with intakes of calcium, milk, and protein that it was not statistically possible to identify the independent association of potassium and blood pressure. Calcium intake was strongly correlated with milk and potassium intakes, and only calcium from dairy sources was associated with blood pressure. These data thus indicate that several dietary factors are inversely related to blood pressure levels independently of other risk factors such as age, body mass, and alcohol intake. The high degree of intercorrelation (multicollinearity) among these dietary factors, however, indicates that the independent role of any specific nutrient cannot be conclusively separated from the possible effects of other nutrients in this type of study.

  9. HBK-14 and HBK-15 Do Not Influence Blood Pressure, Lipid Profile, Glucose Level, or Liver Enzymes Activity after Chronic Treatment in Rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolina Pytka

    Full Text Available Older and even new antidepressants cause adverse effects, such as orthostatic hypotension, hyper- or hypoglycemia, liver injury or lipid disorders. In our previous experiments we showed significant antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like activities of dual 5-HT1A and 5-HT7 antagonists with α1-adrenolitic properties i.e. 1-[(2,6-dimethylphenoxyethoxyethyl]-4-(2-methoxyphenylpiperazine hydrochloride (HBK-14 and 1-[(2-chloro-6-methylphenoxyethoxyethyl]-4-(2-methoxyphenylpiperazine hydrochloride (HBK-15. Here, we evaluated the influence of chronic administration of HBK-14 and HBK-15 on blood pressure (non-invasive blood pressure measurement system for rodents, lipid profile (total cholesterol, low density lipoproteins-LDL, high density lipoproteins-HDL, triglycerides, glucose level, and liver enzymes activity (aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, γ-glutamyl transferase. We determined potential antihistaminic (isolated guinea pig ileum and antioxidant properties (ferric reducing ability of plasma-FRAP, non-protein thiols-NPSH, stable free radical diphenylpicrylhydrazyl-DPPH cytotoxicity. Our experiments revealed that HBK-14 and HBK-15 did not influence blood pressure, lipid profile, glucose level or liver enzymes activity in rats after 2-week treatment. We also showed that none of the compounds possessed antioxidant or cytotoxic properties at antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like doses. HBK-14 and HBK-15 very weakly blocked H1 receptors in guinea pig ileum. Positive results of our preliminary experiments on the safety of HBK-14 and HBK-15 encourage further studies concerning their effectiveness in the treatment of depression and/or anxiety disorders.

  10. [Diabetes Infobus 1999. Blood pressure].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecker, J

    2002-01-01

    In comparison to non-diabetic normotensive control subjects, hypertensive diabetic patients have a four-fold increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Additional to WHO/IHS definition, the terminus "high-normal blood pressure" (systolic 130-140 mm Hg and diastolic 85 - 28 kg/m2) subjects, whose percentage in our population were 32%, blood pressure was elevated (RR > 150/90) in 51%. In subclasses with high blood pressure, an increased cholesterol level was often seen; 64% of these subjects had a cholesterol level of greater 200 mg/dl.

  11. Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... blood vessels, induction of a high fever, and strict low-sodium diets. Case studies suggested that each ... with scientific and medical communities to update hypertension management guidelines (JNC-8), including integrating them with updated ...

  12. Effect of Hibiscus sabdariffaon blood pressure and electrolyte profile of mild to moderate hypertensive Nigerians: A comparative study with hydrochlorothiazide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nwachukwu, D C; Aneke, E; Nwachukwu, N Z; Obika, L F O; Nwagha, U I; Eze, A A

    2015-01-01

    Hibiscus sabdariffa (HS) is widely consumed in Nigeria as a refreshing beverage and also as an antihypertensive agent. Since three decades ago when its antihypertensive activities were reported in several animal experiments, its consumption has greatly increased. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of HS consumption on blood pressure (BP) and electrolytes of mild to moderate hypertensive Nigerians and compare it with that of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), a diuretic widely used as first-line antihypertensive drug. Eighty newly diagnosed, but untreated mild to moderate hypertensive subjects attending Medical Out-Patients clinic of Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Enugu, were recruited for the study. They were randomly divided into three groups: A, B and C. Those in Groups A were given placebo; those in Group B took HCTZ while those in Group C were given HS. Treatment lasted for 4 weeks. BP, serum, and urine electrolytes were measured at baseline, weekly during treatment and 1 week after withdrawal of treatment. At the end of treatment, both HCTZ and HS significantly (Pelectrolyte imbalance. HS showed longer duration of action compared to HCTZ and reduction in serum Na+ may be another antihypertensive mechanism of action of HS.

  13. Relationship of daily arterial blood pressure monitoring readings and arterial stiffness profile in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease combined with arterial hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karoli N.A.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to determine correlation between arterial blood pressure daily rhythm and daily profile of arterial stiffness in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD and arterial hypertension. Materials et methods: Prospective investigation comprised 45 male patients with COPD and arterial hypertension. Individuals of 40 years younger and 80 years elder, patients with diabetes, stroke, angina pectoris, or heart infarction, vascular diseases, and exacerbation of chronic disease, bronchial and pulmonary diseases of other etiology were excluded from the analyses. Comparison group included 47 patients with essential arterial hypertension and without chronic respiratory diseases closely similar on general parameters with patients from main clinical series. Twenty-four-hour arterial blood pressure monitoring (ABPM and daily arterial stiffness monitoring were performed using BPLab® MnSDP-2 apparatus (Petr Telegin, Russian Federation. Results: Patients with COPD combined with arterial hypertension with raised arterial stiffness measures prevail over individuals in essential hypertension group. There is pathological alteration of the ABPM circadian rhythm and raised «Pressure load» values in raised arterial stiffness group. Conclusion: We found ABPM raised parameters in patients with COPD and arterial hypertension. It confirms necessity of ABPM in daily arterial stiffness assessment in patients with COPD.

  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... 5 percent can lower your risk for health problems. Greater amounts of weight loss can improve blood pressure readings, lower LDL cholesterol , and increase HDL cholesterol . However, research shows that no matter your weight, it is ...

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    Full Text Available ... of physical activity Drinking too much alcohol Stress Family History A family history of high blood pressure ... sodium and salt intake, increase potassium, and eat foods that are heart healthy. Limiting Sodium and Salt ...

  16. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... because these other conditions change the way your body controls fluids, sodium, and hormones in ... lifestyle habits, and a family history of high blood pressure can increase your risk ...

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    Full Text Available ... heart healthy. Limiting Sodium and Salt A low-sodium diet can help you manage your blood pressure. You should try to limit the amount of sodium that you eat. This means choosing and preparing ...

  18. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Search Form Search the NHLBI, use the drop down list to select: the entire site, the Health ... flow more freely, causing blood pressure to go down. Alpha-Beta Blockers: Reduce nerve impulses the same ...

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    Full Text Available ... physical activity Drinking too much alcohol Stress Family History A family history of high blood pressure raises ... done in a health care provider’s office or clinic. To prepare for the test: Don’t drink ...

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    Full Text Available ... associated with high blood pressure, some in the renal salt regulatory and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone pathways. However, ... include other medical conditions such as chronic kidney disease , sleep apnea , thyroid problems, or certain tumors. This ...

  1. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Font Size Accessible Search Form Search the NHLBI, use the drop down list to select: the entire ... primary high blood pressure. Health care providers can use this information to develop your treatment plan. Some ...

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    Full Text Available ... Organization NHLBI Director Budget, Planning, & Legislative Advisory Committees Jobs Contact Us FAQs Home » Health Information for the ... track blood pressure readings over a period of time, the health care provider may ask you to ...

  3. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... of physical activity Drinking too much alcohol Stress Family History A family history of high blood pressure ... mass index (BMI). BMI measures your weight in relation to your height. To figure out your BMI, ...

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    Full Text Available ... Events About NHLBI About NHLBI Home Mission and Strategic Vision Leadership Scientific Divisions Operations and Administration Advisory ... health and can lower high blood pressure. Stress management techniques include: Being physically active Listening to music ...

  6. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... have this condition. ISH can cause as much harm as HBP in which both numbers are too ... for mother and baby. High blood pressure can harm the mother’s kidneys and other organs and can ...

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    Full Text Available ... a result, blood pressure goes down. Central Acting Agents: Act in the brain to decrease nerve signals ... healthy future, follow your treatment plan closely and work with your health care team. Healthy Lifestyle Changes ...

  8. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system makes angiotensin and aldosterone hormones . Angiotensin narrows or constricts blood vessels, which can ... pressure. Medicines Prescription medicines such as asthma or hormone therapies, including birth control pills and estrogen, and ...

  9. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... SPRINT trial played a key role in the evolution of the new blood pressure guidelines Health experts ... National Institute of Health Department of Health and Human Services OIG USA.gov

  10. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... 5 ounces of wine 1½ ounces of liquor Managing and Coping With Stress Learning how to manage ... health and can lower high blood pressure. Stress management techniques include: Being physically active Listening to music ...

  11. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... harder and leading to high blood pressure. Medicines Prescription medicines such as asthma or hormone therapies, including ... health care provider before you start a new exercise plan. Ask him or her how much and ...

  12. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... physical health and can lower high blood pressure. Stress management techniques include: Being physically active Listening to music or focusing on something calm or peaceful Performing ...

  13. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... face, arms, or legs; trouble speaking or understanding speech; and trouble seeing. Diagnosis For most patients, health ... result, blood pressure goes down. Central Acting Agents: Act in the brain to decrease nerve signals that ...

  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... help to lower your blood pressure. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors : Angiotensin-II is a hormone that ... and Kidney Disease (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) RELATED NEWS December 13, 2017 | ...

  15. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... help to lower your blood pressure. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors : Angiotensin-II is a hormone that ... National Institute of Health Department of Health and Human Services OIG USA.gov

  16. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... numbers are too high. Causes Changes, either from gene or the environment, in the body’s normal functions ... in families. Years of research have identified many genes and other mutations associated with high blood pressure, ...

  17. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... severity levels. Stages of High Blood Pressure in Adults Stages Systolic (top number) Diastolic (bottom number) Prehypertension ... that are heart healthy and low in fat, cholesterol, and salt. The DASH eating plan is a ...

  18. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... such as chronic kidney disease , sleep apnea , thyroid problems, or certain tumors. This happens because these other ... blood pressure or prevent complications and long-term problems associated with this condition, such as coronary heart ...

  19. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... physical activity Drinking too much alcohol Stress Family History A family history of high blood pressure raises the risk of ... Genetic causes of this condition are why family history is a risk factor for this condition. Screening ...

  20. Controlling your high blood pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medicine or your blood pressure Alternative Names Controlling hypertension ... Diabetes Association. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2016 Abridged for Primary Care Providers. Clin Diabetes . 2016;34(1):3- ...

  1. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... for a certain height. Gender Before age 55, men are more likely than women to develop high ... After age 55, women are more likely than men to develop high blood pressure. Lifestyle Habits Unhealthy ...

  2. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Are less likely to achieve target blood pressure goals with treatment. Overweight You are more likely to ... 30 or more is considered obese. A general goal to aim for is a BMI below 25. ...

  3. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... of alcohol Lack of physical activity Overweight and Obesity Research studies show that being overweight or obese ... EVENT The Role of Microbiota in Blood Pressure Regulation Executive Summary June 10, 2016 Bethesda, MD The ...

  4. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  6. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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  1. High Blood Pressure and Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healthy Lifestyle Pregnancy week by week High blood pressure and pregnancy isn't necessarily a dangerous combination. Here's what you ... 2017 Original article: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/pregnancy-week-by-week/in-depth/pregnancy/art-20046098 . ...

  2. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... NHLBI About NHLBI Home Mission and Strategic Vision Leadership Scientific Divisions Operations and Administration Advisory Committees Budget ... normal for babies, while older teens have numbers similar to adults. Abnormal Blood Pressure Abnormal increases in ...

  3. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... risk for health problems. Greater amounts of weight loss can improve blood pressure readings, lower ... to maintain good health. A useful measure of overweight and obesity is body mass index (BMI). BMI measures your ...

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    Full Text Available ... Salt A low-sodium diet can help you manage your blood pressure. You should try to limit ... Managing and Coping With Stress Learning how to manage stress, relax, and cope with problems can improve ...

  5. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... control high blood pressure. Possible future treatments under investigation include new combination medicines, vaccines, and interventions aimed ... 2016 Bethesda, MD The NHLBI convened a working group of multidisciplinary researchers on June 10, 2016, to ...

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    Full Text Available ... or Hispanic American adults. Compared with these ethnic groups, African Americans: Tend to get high blood pressure ... and Mexicans ate less sodium than other Hispanic groups in the study. All Hispanic Americans should follow ...

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    Full Text Available ... the test: Don’t drink coffee or smoke cigarettes for 30 minutes prior to the test. Go ... DASH My Blood Pressure Wallet Card Other Resources Cigarette and Tobacco Facts (National Institute on Drug Abuse) ...

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    Full Text Available ... lead to cognitive changes. Signs and symptoms include memory loss, difficulty finding words, and losing focus during ... blood pressure numbers are outside average numbers for children of the same age, gender, and height . Once ...

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    Full Text Available ... ounces of liquor Managing and Coping With Stress Learning how to manage stress, relax, and cope with ... Future Treatments Scientists, doctors, and researchers continue to study the changes that cause high blood pressure, to ...

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    Full Text Available ... severity levels. Stages of High Blood Pressure in Adults Stages Systolic (top number) Diastolic (bottom number) Prehypertension ... bleed. Signs and symptoms include vision changes or blindness. Heart Attack : When the flow of oxygen-rich ...

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    Full Text Available ... 2016 Bethesda, MD The NHLBI convened a working group of multidisciplinary researchers on June 10, 2016, to share current scientific k... View all events on High Blood Pressure Building 31 ...

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    Full Text Available ... lead to an increase in blood pressure. Aldosterone controls how the kidneys balance fluid and salt levels. ... such as asthma or hormone therapies, including birth control pills and estrogen, and over-the-counter medicines ...

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    Full Text Available ... lead to cognitive changes. Signs and symptoms include memory loss, difficulty finding words, and losing focus during ... high blood pressure. Treatment Plans Health care providers work with you to develop a treatment plan based ...

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    Full Text Available ... improve your overall health, such as: If you smoke , quit. Get plenty of sleep. Drink more water. Medicines Take all blood pressure medicines that your health care provider prescribes. Know the names and doses of ...

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    Full Text Available ... Heart and Vascular Diseases Precision Medicine Activities Obesity, Nutrition, and Physical Activity Population and Epidemiology Studies Women’s ... healthy. Limiting Sodium and Salt A low-sodium diet can help you manage your blood pressure. You ...

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    Full Text Available ... care providers prescribe children and teens medicines at special doses that are safe and effective in children. ... different set of blood pressure medications or other special treatments. To achieve the best control of your ...

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    Full Text Available ... narrow in the kidneys, possibly causing kidney failure. Cognitive Changes: Research shows that over time, higher blood pressure numbers can lead to cognitive changes. Signs and symptoms include memory loss, difficulty ...

  18. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... NHLBI About NHLBI Home Mission and Strategic Vision Leadership Scientific Divisions Operations and Administration Advisory Committees Budget ... health and can lower high blood pressure. Stress management techniques include: Being physically active Listening to music ...

  19. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... physical activity Drinking too much alcohol Stress Family History A family history of high blood pressure raises ... and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) RELATED NEWS December 13, 2017 | Research Feature NIH’s SPRINT trial played a ...

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    Full Text Available ... your risk for other related problems. Healthy Lifestyle Changes Healthy lifestyle habits can help you control high ... work with your health care team. Healthy Lifestyle Changes You can help control your blood pressure by ...

  1. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... healthy. Limiting Sodium and Salt A low-sodium diet can help you manage your blood pressure. You ... twice a week When following a heart-healthy diet, you should avoid eating: A lot of red ...

  2. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Events Spokespeople Email Alerts E-Newsletters About NHLBI Organization NHLBI Director Budget, Planning, & Legislative Advisory Committees Jobs Contact Us FAQs Home » Health Information for the Public » Health Topics » High Blood Pressure » ...

  3. Prevention of High Blood Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... include: Whole grains Fruits, such as apples, bananas, oranges, pears, and prunes Vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, ... ACE inhibitors block this process, which stops the production of Angiotensin II, lowering blood pressure. Angiotensin II ...

  4. What Causes High Blood Pressure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... include: Whole grains Fruits, such as apples, bananas, oranges, pears, and prunes Vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, ... ACE inhibitors block this process, which stops the production of Angiotensin II, lowering blood pressure. Angiotensin II ...

  5. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... include: Whole grains Fruits, such as apples, bananas, oranges, pears, and prunes Vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, ... ACE inhibitors block this process, which stops the production of Angiotensin II, lowering blood pressure. Angiotensin II ...

  6. Living with High Blood Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... include: Whole grains Fruits, such as apples, bananas, oranges, pears, and prunes Vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, ... ACE inhibitors block this process, which stops the production of Angiotensin II, lowering blood pressure. Angiotensin II ...

  7. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... include: Whole grains Fruits, such as apples, bananas, oranges, pears, and prunes Vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, ... ACE inhibitors block this process, which stops the production of Angiotensin II, lowering blood pressure. Angiotensin II ...

  8. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... A lot of red meat Palm and coconut oils Sugary foods and beverages In the National Heart, ... work with your health care team. Healthy Lifestyle Changes You can help control your blood pressure by ...

  9. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Obesity, Nutrition, and Physical Activity Population and Epidemiology Studies Women’s Health All Science A-Z Grants & Training ... Biology and High Blood Pressure Researchers continue to study how various changes in normal body functions cause ...

  10. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... volumes and high blood pressure. Sympathetic Nervous System Activity The sympathetic nervous system has important functions in ... plan closely and work with your health care team. Healthy Lifestyle Changes You can help control your ...

  11. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... these other conditions change the way your body controls fluids, sodium, and hormones in your ... lifestyle habits, and a family history of high blood pressure can increase your risk ...

  12. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... provider usually takes 2–3 readings at several medical appointments to diagnose high blood pressure. Using the ... Researchers believe stress, which can occur during the medical appointment, causes white coat hypertension. Rate This Content: ...

  13. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... to check readings at home or at other locations that have blood pressure equipment and to keep ... office compared with readings taken in any other location. Health care providers diagnose this type of high ...

  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Nutrition, and Physical Activity Population and Epidemiology Studies Women’s Health All Science A-Z Grants & Training Grants ... Before age 55, men are more likely than women to develop high blood pressure. After age 55, ...

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    Full Text Available ... NHLBI About NHLBI Home Mission and Strategic Vision Leadership Scientific Divisions Operations and Administration Advisory Committees Budget ... health and can lower high blood pressure. Stress management techniques include: ... guidelines now define hypertension as a systolic blood... View all news ...

  16. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Entire Site Health Topics News & Resources Intramural Research Public Health Topics Education & Awareness Resources Contact The Health Information ... Contact Us FAQs Home » Health Information for the Public » Health Topics » High Blood Pressure » Diagnosis of High Blood ...

  17. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... this system cause high blood pressure. Blood Vessel Structure and Function Changes in the structure and function of small and large arteries may ... su presión arterial alta Hispanic Community Health Study Data Book In Brief: Your Guide to Lowering Your ...

  18. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... pressure readings, lower LDL cholesterol , and increase HDL cholesterol . However, research shows that no matter your weight, it is important to control high blood pressure to maintain good health. A useful measure of overweight and obesity is body mass index (BMI). BMI measures your ...

  19. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... NHLBI About NHLBI Home Mission and Strategic Vision Leadership Scientific Divisions Operations and Administration Advisory Committees Budget ... health and can lower high blood pressure. Stress management techniques include: Being physically ... pressure medicines work in different ways to stop or slow some of the ...

  20. High Blood Pressure: Medicines to Help You

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Consumers Consumer Information by Audience For Women High Blood Pressure--Medicines to Help You Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... Click here for the Color Version (PDF 533KB) High blood pressure is a serious illness. High blood pressure is ...

  1. Anxiety: A Cause of High Blood Pressure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... cause of high blood pressure? Can anxiety cause high blood pressure? Answers from Sheldon G. Sheps, M.D. Anxiety doesn't cause long-term high blood pressure (hypertension). But episodes of anxiety can cause dramatic, ...

  2. Alcohol: Does It Affect Blood Pressure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcohol: Does it affect blood pressure? Does drinking alcohol affect your blood pressure? Answers from Sheldon G. Sheps, M.D. Drinking too much alcohol can raise blood pressure to unhealthy levels. Having ...

  3. Predictive role of the nighttime blood pressure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Tine W; Li, Yan; Boggia, José

    2011-01-01

    Numerous studies addressed the predictive value of the nighttime blood pressure (BP) as captured by ambulatory monitoring. However, arbitrary cutoff limits in dichotomized analyses of continuous variables, data dredging across selected subgroups, extrapolation of cross-sectional studies to prospe......Numerous studies addressed the predictive value of the nighttime blood pressure (BP) as captured by ambulatory monitoring. However, arbitrary cutoff limits in dichotomized analyses of continuous variables, data dredging across selected subgroups, extrapolation of cross-sectional studies...... of conclusive evidence proving that nondipping is a reversible risk factor, the option whether or not to restore the diurnal blood pressure profile to a normal pattern should be left to the clinical judgment of doctors and should be individualized for each patient. Current guidelines on the interpretation...

  4. Interarm difference in blood pressure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, Jesper; Wiinberg, Niels

    2014-01-01

    The present study aimed at examining the interarm difference in blood pressure and its use as an indicator of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Data were included from consecutive patients referred from their general practitioner to our vascular laboratory for possible PAD aged 50 years or older...... without known cardiac disease, renal disease, or diabetes mellitus. 824 patients (453 women) with mean age of 72 years (range: 50-101) were included. 491 patients had a diagnosis of hypertension and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) was present in 386 patients. Systolic blood pressure was 143 ± 24 mm......Hg and 142 ± 24 mmHg on the right and left arm, respectively (P = 0.015). The interarm difference was greater in patients with hypertension (P = 0.002) and PAD (P blood pressure was reproducible...

  5. Blood Pressure Self-Measurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Stefan

    2017-01-01

    Blood pressure self-measurement has been used extensively as part of several clinical processes including in the home monitoring setting for mitigating white coat effect and gaining more detailed insights into the blood pressure variability of patients over time. Self-measurement of BP is also being used as part of telemonitoring and telemedicine processes, as well as in the waiting rooms and self-measurement rooms of general practice clinics, specialized hospital department's outpatient clinics, and in other types of care facilitates and institutions.The aim of this review is to provide an overview of where, when, and how blood pressure self-measurement is being used, which official clinical guidelines and procedures are available for its implementation, as well as the opportunities and challenges that are related to its use.

  6. Intensive versus conventional blood pressure monitoring in a general practice population. The Blood Pressure Reduction in Danish General Practice trial: a randomized controlled parallel group trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klarskov, Pia; Bang, Lia E; Schultz-Larsen, Peter

    2018-01-01

    home blood pressure monitoring and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Mean day- and night-time systolic and diastolic 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure. Change in systolic and diastolic office blood pressure and change in cardiovascular risk profile. Of the patients, 515 (49%) were allocated....... One thousand forty-eight patients with essential hypertension. Conventional blood pressure monitoring ('usual group') continued usual ad hoc blood pressure monitoring by office blood pressure measurements, while intensive blood pressure monitoring ('intensive group') supplemented this with frequent...

  7. Effect of conjugated linoleic acid, vitamin E and their combination on lipid profiles and blood pressure of Iranian adults with active rheumatoid arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naheed Aryaeian

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Naheed Aryaeian1, Farhad Shahram2, Mahmoud Djalali1, Mohammad R Eshragian3, Abolghasem Djazayeri1, Abdolfatah Sarrafnejad4, Nasim Naderi2, Maryam Chamari1, Fariha Fatehi1, Mahnaz Zarei11Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran; 2Rheumatology Research Center, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran; 3Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran; 4Department of Immunology, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, IranAbstract: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs, vitamin E, and combination of these nutrients on serum lipid profiles and blood pressure (BP in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 87 patients with active RA were divided into four groups receiving one of the following daily supplements for three months: Group C: CLAs 2.5 g equivalent to 2 g mixture of cis 9-trans 11 and trans 10-cis12 CLAs in a rate of 50/50; Group E: vitamin E: 400 mg; Group CE: CLAs and vitamin E at above doses: Group P: placebo. After supplementation, SBP levels decreased significantly in the group C in comparison with groups E and P and mean arterial pressure reduced signifi cantly in groups C and CE. There weren’t significant differences in the levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2, triglycerides, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, LDL/HDL, cholesterol/HDL, fasting blood sugar, C-reactive protein (CRP, arylestrase activity, platelet count and body mass index between groups. CRP dropped nonsignificantly in groups P, C, E and CE (19%, 24%, 55%, and 39%, respectively. Erythrocytes

  8. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring - comparison with office ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction. Available data on the use of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure recordings in private practice are limited. For this purpose we studied 39 consecutive hypertensive patients on treatment in a private practice. Method. Office blood pressure, 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure, daytime ambulatory blood pressure ...

  9. Test Your Blood Pressure IQ

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... State SELECT YOUR LANGUAGE Español (Spanish) 简体中文 (Traditional Chinese) 繁体中文 (Simplified Chinese) Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese) Healthy Living for Heart.org ... Changes That Matter • Find Tools & Resources HBP Resources Animation Library Track Your Blood Pressure: Print (PDF) | Online ...

  10. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... blood pressure, you may need to restrict your sodium intake even more. Your health care provider may recommend the Dietary Approaches to ... heart healthy and low in fat, cholesterol, and salt. The DASH eating plan is ... Eating Your health care provider also may recommend heart-healthy eating, ...

  11. Vital Signs - High Blood Pressure

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-10-02

    In the U.S., nearly one third of the adult population have high blood pressure, the leading risk factor for heart disease and stroke - two of the nation's leading causes of death.  Created: 10/2/2012 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 10/17/2012.

  12. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... high. Causes Changes, either from genes or the environment, in the body’s normal functions may cause high ... in life. Environmental Causes of High Blood Pressure Environmental ... to constrict, or impact the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system leading to high ...

  13. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Related Topics Atherosclerosis DASH Eating Plan Overweight and Obesity Smoking and Your Heart Stroke Send a link ... are consistently higher than 120/80 mmHg. Your child’s blood pressure numbers are outside average numbers for ...

  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... and Strategic Vision Leadership Scientific Divisions Operations and Administration Advisory Committees Budget and Legislative Information Jobs and ... With DASH My Blood Pressure Wallet Card Other Resources Cigarette and Tobacco Facts (National Institute on Drug ... OIG USA.gov

  15. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... at a higher risk for heart disease and type 2 diabetes. This risk may be high with a waist ... raise your blood pressure and triglyceride levels, a type of fat found in the ... have no more than one drink containing alcohol a day. One drink is: ...

  16. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... blood pressure. The DASH eating plan focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other foods that are heart ... heart-healthy eating, which should include: Whole grains Fruits, such as apples, bananas, oranges, pears, and prunes Vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, and carrots Legumes, such ...

  17. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... compared with readings taken in any other location. Health care providers diagnose this type of high blood pressure by reviewing readings in the office and readings taken anywhere else. Researchers believe stress, which can occur during the medical appointment, causes ...

  18. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Health Topics Education & Awareness Resources Contact The Health Information Center Health Professionals Systematic Evidence Reviews & Clinical Practice ... Advisory Committees Jobs Contact Us FAQs Home » Health Information for the Public » Health Topics » High Blood Pressure » ...

  19. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... lead to cognitive changes. Signs and symptoms include memory loss, difficulty finding words, and losing focus during ... are consistently higher than 120/80 mmHg. Your child’s blood pressure numbers are outside average numbers for ...

  20. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... bleed. Signs and symptoms include vision changes or blindness. Heart Attack : When the flow of oxygen-rich ... are consistently higher than 120/80 mmHg. Your child’s blood pressure numbers are outside average numbers for ...

  1. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... healthy diet. Be physically active. Maintain a healthy weight. Limit alcohol intake. Other lifestyle changes can improve your overall health, such as: If you smoke , quit. Get plenty of sleep. Drink more water. Medicines Take all blood pressure ...

  2. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to develop your treatment plan. Some people have “white coat hypertension.” This happens when blood pressure readings ... which can occur during the medical appointment, causes white coat hypertension. Treatment Based on your diagnosis, health ...

  3. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... condition is called isolated systolic hypertension (ISH). Many older adults have this condition. ISH can cause as much ... About 65 percent of Americans age 60 or older have high blood pressure. However, ... American adults than in Caucasian or Hispanic American adults. Compared ...

  4. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Health Topics Health Topics A-Z Clinical Trials Publications and Resources Health Education and Awareness The Science ... are consistently higher than 120/80 mmHg. Your child’s blood pressure numbers are outside average numbers for ...

  5. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... cope with problems can improve your emotional and physical health and can lower high blood pressure. Stress management ... their experiences with clinical research. More Information Related Health ... Artery Disease Physical Activity and Your Heart Smoking and Your Heart ...

  6. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and Your Heart U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Maintaining a Healthy Weight Maintaining a healthy weight can help you control high blood pressure and reduce your risk for ...

  7. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... obese . The terms “overweight” and “obese” refer to body weight that’s greater than what is considered healthy for a certain height. Gender Before age 55, men are more likely than women to develop high blood pressure. After age 55, ...

  8. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... you what you need to know about choosing foods that are lower in sodium. Try to eat no more than 2,300 mg sodium a day. If you have high blood pressure, you may need to restrict your sodium intake even more. Your health care provider ...

  9. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... are heart healthy. Limiting Sodium and Salt A low-sodium diet can help you manage your blood pressure. ... lower in salt and sodium. Try to use low-sodium and “no added salt” foods and seasonings at ...

  10. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... 1½ ounces of liquor Managing and Coping With Stress Learning how to manage stress, relax, and cope with problems can improve your ... physical health and can lower high blood pressure. Stress management techniques include: Being physically active Listening to ...

  11. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... other health problems. If you’re overweight or obese, try to lose weight. A loss of just 3 to 5 percent can lower ... risk for health problems. Greater amounts of weight loss can improve blood pressure readings, lower ... to maintain good health. A useful measure of overweight and obesity is body mass index (BMI). BMI measures your ...

  12. High blood pressure and eye disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000999.htm High blood pressure and eye disease To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. High blood pressure can damage blood vessels in the retina . The ...

  13. Pulse pressure and diurnal blood pressure variation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Søren Tang; Poulsen, Per Løgstrup; Hansen, Klavs Würgler

    2002-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In nondiabetic subjects pulse pressure (PP) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease and microalbuminuria. Reduced circadian blood pressure (BP) variation is a potential risk factor for the development of diabetic complications. We investigated the association between...... retinopathy, nephropathy, macrovascular disease, PP, and diurnal BP variation in a group of type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: In 80 type 2 diabetic patients we performed 24-h ambulatory BP (AMBP) and fundus photographs. Urinary albumin excretion was evaluated by urinary albumin/creatinine ratio. Presence...... or absence of macrovascular disease was assessed by an independent physician. RESULTS: Forty-nine patients had no detectable retinal changes (grade 1), 13 had grade 2 retinopathy, and 18 had more advanced retinopathy (grades 3-6). Compared to patients without retinopathy (grade 1), patients with grades 2...

  14. Addition of Aliskiren to Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Improves Ambulatory Blood Pressure Profile and Cardiorenal Function Better than Addition of Benazepril in Chronic Kidney Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satoshi Umemura

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available An altered ambulatory blood pressure (BP and heart rate (HR profile is related to chronic kidney disease (CKD and cardiorenal syndrome. In this study, we examined the effects of aliskiren, when added to angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers, on ambulatory BP and cardiorenal function in CKD. Thirty-six hypertensive CKD patients were randomly assigned to the aliskiren add-on group (n = 18 or the benazepril add-on group (n = 18. Ambulatory BP and cardiorenal function parameters were measured at baseline and 24 weeks after treatment. Compared with the benazepril group, nighttime systolic BP variability in the aliskiren group was lower after treatment. Albuminuria was decreased in the aliskiren group, but not in the benazepril group. In addition, left ventricular mass index (LVMI was significantly lower in the aliskiren group than in the benazepril group after treatment. In the aliskiren group, multivariate linear regression analysis showed an association between changes in albuminuria and changes in nighttime systolic BP. Furthermore, there were associations between changes in LVMI and changes in daytime HR variability, as well as between changes in LVMI and changes in plasma aldosterone concentration. These results suggest that aliskiren add-on therapy may be beneficial for suppression of renal deterioration and pathological cardiac remodeling through an improvement that is effected in ambulatory BP and HR profiles.

  15. Addition of Aliskiren to Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Improves Ambulatory Blood Pressure Profile and Cardiorenal Function Better than Addition of Benazepril in Chronic Kidney Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohsawa, Masato; Tamura, Kouichi; Kanaoka, Tomohiko; Wakui, Hiromichi; Maeda, Akinobu; Dejima, Toru; Azushima, Kengo; Uneda, Kazushi; Kobayashi, Ryu; Tsurumi-Ikeya, Yuko; Toya, Yoshiyuki; Fujikawa, Tetsuya; Umemura, Satoshi

    2013-01-01

    An altered ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) profile is related to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiorenal syndrome. In this study, we examined the effects of aliskiren, when added to angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers, on ambulatory BP and cardiorenal function in CKD. Thirty-six hypertensive CKD patients were randomly assigned to the aliskiren add-on group (n = 18) or the benazepril add-on group (n = 18). Ambulatory BP and cardiorenal function parameters were measured at baseline and 24 weeks after treatment. Compared with the benazepril group, nighttime systolic BP variability in the aliskiren group was lower after treatment. Albuminuria was decreased in the aliskiren group, but not in the benazepril group. In addition, left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was significantly lower in the aliskiren group than in the benazepril group after treatment. In the aliskiren group, multivariate linear regression analysis showed an association between changes in albuminuria and changes in nighttime systolic BP. Furthermore, there were associations between changes in LVMI and changes in daytime HR variability, as well as between changes in LVMI and changes in plasma aldosterone concentration. These results suggest that aliskiren add-on therapy may be beneficial for suppression of renal deterioration and pathological cardiac remodeling through an improvement that is effected in ambulatory BP and HR profiles. PMID:23887656

  16. [Daily blood pressure profiles and endothelial functions during long-term treatment of arterial hypertension with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonenko, V B; Fisun, A Ia; Mikhaĭlov, A A; Kuroedov, A V; Brizhan, M V; Butikov, V P; Tsokolov, A V

    2004-01-01

    Clinical practice has been recently applied new approaches to classifying patients with arterial hypertension (AH), which are based on the determination of the summary risk suggesting the prognosis of the disease. This approach is quite efficient due to the fact that it takes into account a combination of the comparable clinical symptoms of AH, which characterize its course. The paper presents data on the values of blood pressure (BP) in AH and on daily BP profiles (DBPP) in 494 patients with different categories of a risk and on their endothelial function. It also gives the results of achievement of target BP levels in patients with AH having different categories of a risk during long-term (36-month) treatment with enapril and perindopril, as well as data on its impact on endothelial vasomotor function. The findings suggest that the higher the risk is, the more severe the hypertensive syndrome is; that the redistribution of DBPP occurs towards prognostically poor types and endothelial dysfunction (EDF) progresses. Treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors results not only to the achievement of target BP levels and to the normalization of DBPP, but also to the amelioration of EDF. Moreover, the co-administration of ACE inhibitors and isosorbide-5-mononitrates causes additional antiischemic effects.

  17. The effects of red yeast rice dietary supplement on blood pressure, lipid profile, and C-reactive protein in hypertension: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Xingjiang; Wang, Pengqian; Li, Xiaoke; Zhang, Yuqing; Li, Shengjie

    2017-06-13

    Interest is increasing regarding the potential health effects of red yeast rice (RYR) consumption, which is described as a "natural statin" in China. This review aims to evaluate the efficacy of RYR on blood pressure (BP), lipid profile, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in treating hypertension. Seven electronic databases including the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, PubMed, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), the Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), and the Wanfang database were searched. To investigate the role of RYR for hypertension, randomized controlled trials for the use of RYR either as monotherapy or in combination with conventional medicine versus placebo, no intervention, or conventional medicine for hypertension were identified. A total of 21 trials containing 4558 patients were analyzed, the majority of which had low methodological quality. "RYR plus conventional therapy" exhibited significant lowering effects on serum total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and CRP but exhibited no significant effect on systolic BP, diastolic BP, triglycerides (TG), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) compared with "placebo plus conventional therapy." "RYR plus conventional therapy" showed significant lowering effects on systolic BP, TC, LDL-C, and CRP but no effect on diastolic BP, TG, and HDL-C compared with "placebo plus conventional therapy." No significant difference in BP and lipid profile between "RYR plus conventional therapy" and "statins plus conventional therapy" was observed. "RYR plus statins" appeared to be more effective in lowering BP, TC, TG, and LDL-C but without a significant difference in HDL-C compared to statins. No serious adverse events were reported. The results of this meta-analysis suggested some supportive but limited evidence regarding RYR for hypertension. Further rigorously designed trials are warranted

  18. Blood Pressure Matters: Keep Hypertension in Check

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Special Issues Subscribe January 2016 Print this issue Blood Pressure Matters Keep Hypertension in Check En español Send ... Heart Attack or Stroke? Wise Choices For Healthy Blood Pressure Keep a healthy weight. Ask your doctor if ...

  19. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE: DOES THIS CONCERN ME?

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    To find out, the Medical Service's nurses are organising A HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE SCREENING AND PREVENTION CAMPAIGN from Monday, 26th to Thursday, 29th March 2007 at the Infirmary - Building 57 - ground floor A blood pressure test, advice, information and, if necessary, referral for specialist medical treatment will be offered to any person working on the CERN site. High blood pressure is a stealth threat to health. So come and get your blood pressure checked.

  20. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE: DOES THIS CONCERN ME?

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    To find out, the Medical Service's nurses are organising A HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE SCREENING AND PREVENTION CAMPAIGN from Monday, 26th to Thursday, 29th March 2007 at the Infirmary - Building 57 - ground floor A blood pressure test, advice, information and, if necessary, referral for specialist medical treatment will be offered to any person working on the CERN site. High blood pressure is a silent threat to health. So come and get your blood pressure checked.

  1. Central blood pressure and chronic kidney disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohno, Yoichi; Kanno, Yoshihiko; Takenaka, Tsuneo

    2016-01-01

    In this review, we focused on the relationship between central blood pressure and chronic kidney diseases (CKD). Wave reflection is a major mechanism that determines central blood pressure in patients with CKD. Recent medical technology advances have enabled non-invasive central blood pressure measurements. Clinical trials have demonstrated that compared with brachial blood pressure, central blood pressure is a stronger risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) and renal diseases. CKD is characterized by a diminished renal autoregulatory ability, an augmented direct transmission of systemic blood pressure to glomeruli, and an increase in proteinuria. Any elevation in central blood pressure accelerates CKD progression. In the kidney, interstitial inflammation induces oxidative stress to handle proteinuria. Oxidative stress facilitates atherogenesis, increases arterial stiffness and central blood pressure, and worsens the CV prognosis in patients with CKD. A vicious cycle exists between CKD and central blood pressure. To stop this cycle, vasodilator antihypertensive drugs and statins can reduce central blood pressure and oxidative stress. Even in early-stage CKD, mineral and bone disorders (MBD) may develop. MBD promotes oxidative stress, arteriosclerosis, and elevated central blood pressure in patients with CKD. Early intervention or prevention seems necessary to maintain vascular health in patients with CKD. PMID:26788468

  2. Nifedipine plus candesartan combination increases blood pressure control regardless of race and improves the side effect profile: DISTINCT randomized trial results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kjeldsen, Sverre E; Sica, Domenic; Haller, Hermann; Cha, Gloria; Gil-Extremera, Blas; Harvey, Peter; Heyvaert, Frank; Lewin, Andrew J; Villa, Giuseppe; Mancia, Giuseppe

    2014-12-01

    DISTINCT (reDefining Intervention with Studies Testing Innovative Nifedipine GITS - Candesartan Therapy) aimed to determine the dose-response and tolerability of nifedipine GITS and/or candesartan cilexetil therapy in participants with hypertension. In this 8-week, multinational, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, adults with mean seated DBP of at least 95 to less than 110 mmHg received combination or monotherapy with nifedipine GITS (N) 20, 30 or 60 mg and candesartan cilexetil (C) 4, 8, 16 or 32 mg, or placebo. The primary endpoint, change in DBP from baseline to Week 8, was analysed using the response surface model (RSM); this analysis was repeated for mean seated SBP. Overall, 1381 participants (mean baseline SBP/DBP: 156.5/99.6 mmHg) were randomized. Both N and C contributed independently to SBP/DBP reductions [P < 0.0001 (RSM)]. A positive dose-response was observed, with all combinations providing statistically better blood pressure (BP) reductions from baseline versus respective monotherapies (P < 0.05) and N60C32 achieving the greatest reduction [-23.8/-16.5 mmHg; P < 0.01 versus placebo (-5.3/-6.7 mmHg) and component monotherapies]. Even very low-dose (N20 and C4) therapy provided significant BP-lowering, and combination therapy was similarly effective in different racial groups. N/C combination demonstrated a lower incidence of vasodilatory adverse events than N monotherapy (18.3 versus 23.6%), including headache (5.5 versus 11.0%; P = 0.003, chi-square test) and peripheral oedema over time (3.6 versus 5.8%; n.s.). N/C combination was effective in participants with hypertension and showed an improved side effect profile compared with N monotherapy.

  3. Alcohol is bad for blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puddey, Ian B; Beilin, Lawrence J

    2006-09-01

    1. The regular consumption of alcohol elevates blood pressure, with global estimates that the attributable risk for hypertensive disease from alcohol is 16%. 2. The increase in blood pressure is approximately 1 mmHg for each 10 g alcohol consumed and is largely reversible within 2-4 weeks of abstinence or a substantial reduction in alcohol intake. 3. This increase in blood pressure occurs irrespective of the type of alcoholic beverage. In particular, the postulated effects of vasodilator flavonoid components of red wine to lessen or reverse alcohol-related hypertension have not been borne out in intervention studies. 4. Heavy drinking, especially a binge pattern of drinking, is linked to a higher incidence of cerebral thrombosis, cerebral haemorrhage and coronary artery disease deaths, although a role for alcohol-related hypertension in the causal pathway is not well defined. 5. In contrast, the light to moderate intake of alcohol has been consistently linked to a reduced risk of atherosclerotic vascular disease end-points. Such a protective effect may also extend to hypertensive subjects. 6. However, the magnitude of any protective effect appears to have been exaggerated because of unmeasured confounders, especially diet, lifestyle and patterns of drinking. Furthermore, a decrease in overall mortality with drinking appears confined to older subjects and to populations with a high background cardiovascular risk profile. 7. Any putative cardiovascular benefits from drinking need to be carefully considered against the effects of alcohol to elevate blood pressure, together with many other adverse health consequences from drinking. Maximum cardiovascular benefit occurs at relatively low levels of consumption (i.e. one to two standard drinks a day in men (10-20 g alcohol) and up to one a day in women (10 g alcohol)). In hypertensive subjects, consumption beyond these levels would be unwise.

  4. Home blood pressure monitoring in heart transplant recipients: comparison with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambrosi, Pierre; Kreitmann, Bernard; Habib, Gilbert

    2014-02-15

    How reliable is home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) in heart transplant recipients is not known. Possibly, it may underestimate hypertensive burden, because blood pressure (BP) nondipper profile is frequent among these patients. This prospective study has been designed to determine whether HBPM adequately identifies hypertension in heart transplant recipients. We compared HBPM with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) for the diagnosis of uncontrolled hypertension in 74 patients 13.5±6.7 years after heart transplantation. HBPM was measured with a validated semiautomatic device twice every morning and twice every evening on 7 consecutive days, within 15 days of ABPM. We also measured the relationship between HBPM, ABPM, and organ damage as measured by albuminuria and left ventricular mass. A nondipper profile was found in 53 (72%) patients. HBPM and ABPM were close according to Pearson bivariate correlations. There was no significant correlation between left ventricular mass and BP either at HBPM or ABPM. Proteinuria significantly correlated with systolic BP either at HBPM (R=0.42; P=0.0002) or ABPM (R=0.25; P=0.03). HBPM adequately classified 61 of 74 (82%) patients as hypertensives or as nonhypertensives or controlled hypertensives. Despite a high prevalence of nondipper profile, HBPM gives a reliable estimate of BP burden in most heart transplant recipients. Thus, our results strongly suggest that HBPM is useful for the long-term follow-up of heart transplant recipients.

  5. Social Stress Induced Pressure Breathing and Consequent Blood Pressure Oscillation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fokkema, Dirk S.; Koolhaas, Jaap M.; Meulen, Jan van der; Schoemaker, Regien

    1986-01-01

    A large amplitude blood pressure oscillation occurs during social defeat in a territorial fight between male rats, and during the application of a psychosocial stimulus associated with this defeat. Synchronous recording of blood pressure, intrathoracic pressure and diaphragm activity shows that the

  6. Effect of Hibiscus sabdariffa on Blood Pressure and Electrolyte ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effect of Hibiscus sabdariffa on Blood Pressure and Electrolyte Profile of Mild to Moderate Hypertensive Nigerians: A Comparative Study with ... Results: At the end of treatment, both HCTZ and HS significantly (P < 0.001) reduced systolic BP, diastolic BP, mean arterial pressure and serum Na+ compared to placebo.

  7. Blood pressure measurements taken by patients are similar to home and ambulatory blood pressure measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela M. G. Pierin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To compare blood pressure measurements taken at home by physicians, nurses, and patients with office blood pressure measurement , ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and home blood pressure measurement. METHODS: A total of 44 patients seen by a home care program were studied. Protocol 1 a blood pressure was measured by the patient, a physician and a nurse during a regular home visit (Home1; b home blood pressure measurement was measured for 4 days (HBPM1; c office blood pressure measurement was measured by a physician, a nurse, and the patient; and by 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Protocol 2 blood pressure was measured by the patient, a physician, and a nurse during a special home visit in the presence of a physician and a nurse only (Home2; and b home blood pressure measurement was taken for the second time (HBPM2. Echocardiography, guided by a two-dimensional echocardiograph, was performed. RESULTS: Protocol 1: a office blood pressure measurement and Home1 were significantly higher than ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, except for systolic and diastolic office blood pressure measurement taken by the patient or a family member, systolic blood pressure taken by a nurse, and diastolic blood pressure taken by a physician. b ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and HBPM1 were similar. Protocol 2: a HBPM2 and Home2 were similar. b Home2 was significantly lower than Home1, except for diastolic blood pressure taken by a nurse or the patient. There were significant relationships between: a diastolic blood pressure measured by the patient and the thickness of the interventricular septum, posterior wall, and left ventricular mass; and b ambulatory and HBPM2 diastolic and systolic blood pressure taken by a physician (home2 and left ventricular mass. Therefore, the data indicate that home blood pressure measurement and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring had good prognostic values relative to "office measurement

  8. Blood pressure measurement on the cheek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schneider Sarah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In a large group of patients, it is impossible to measure blood pressure using an upper arm cuff. An alternative, non-invasive method of blood pressure measurement is required for patients with severe limb deformities or obesity, for amputees, and in the emergency medicine. The device proposed here measures blood pressure in the cheek using a small pressure pad and a pump to occlude the cheek artery – arteria facialis – and assesses blood flow with an infrared light source and a detector. The infrared light signal is analysed to assess the systolic and diastolic blood pressure of the patient. Manual evaluation of the light intensity signal showed a good agreement between cheek blood pressure measurement and a reference measurement using an upper arm cuff.

  9. UK Renal Registry 16th annual report: chapter 11 blood pressure profile of prevalent patients receiving renal replacement therapy in 2012: national and centre-specific analyses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Anirudh; Pitcher, David; Farrington, Ken

    2013-01-01

    There continues to be uncertainty in the literature about which blood pressure (BP) recordings in which time period associate best with long-term patient outcomes and therefore optimal target ranges. Patients receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT) on 31st December 2012 with a BP reading in either the fourth or third quarter of 2012 were included. Summary statistics were calculated for each renal centre and country. Data completeness for BP measurements submitted to the UK Renal Registry (UKRR) for all modalities were improved from previous years: it was better for haemodialysis (HD) patients (75% for pre-HD measurements) than for peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (51%) or transplant recipients (41%). In 2012, the median pre- and post-HD systolic blood pressures (SBPs) were 140 mmHg and 128 mmHg respectively. The median SBP of patients on PD was 137 mmHg. Transplant recipients had a median SBP of 134 mmHg. Median diastolic blood pressures (DBPs) were 71 mmHg (pre-HD), 67 mmHg (post-HD), 78 mmHg (PD) and 79 mmHg (transplant). Only 26% of PD patients achieved the Renal Association guideline of SBP <130 mmHg and DBP <80 mmHg. Amongst transplant patients, 27% achieved the Renal Association guideline of SBP <130 mmHg and DBP <80 mmHg. In 2012 there continued to be significant variation in the achievement of BP standards between UK renal centres. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  10. Clinic blood pressure measurements and blood pressure load in the diagnosis of hypertension.

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, D. R.; Sivakumaran, P.; Brown, R.

    1993-01-01

    We have retrospectively compared the blood pressure load derived from 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in patients with all clinic blood pressure readings elevated with those with only some elevated pressures to establish whether clinic readings alone are good predictors of blood pressure status. Fifty-seven patients attending a district general hospital hypertension clinic who were not on anti-hypertensive treatment were selected. Between two and six clinic readings were taken ov...

  11. Changes in anthropometric measurements, body composition, blood pressure, lipid profile, and testosterone in patients participating in a low-energy dietary intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balliett, Mary; Burke, Jeanmarie R.

    2013-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to describe changes in anthropometric measurements, body composition, blood pressure, lipid profile, and testosterone following a low–energy-density dietary intervention plus regimented supplementation program. Methods The study design was a pre-post intervention design without a control group. Normal participants were recruited from the faculty, staff, students, and community members from a chiropractic college to participate in a 21-day weight loss program. All participants (n = 49; 36 women, 13 men; 31 ± 10.3 years of age) received freshly prepared mostly vegan meals (breakfast, lunch, and dinner) that included 1200 to 1400 daily calories (5020.8 to 5857.6 J) for the women and 1600 to 1800 (6694.4 to 7531.2 J) daily calories for the men. Nutritional supplements containing enzymes that were intended to facilitate digestion, reduce cholesterol levels, increase metabolic rate, and mediate inflammatory processes were consumed 30 minutes before each meal. The regimented supplementation program included once-daily supplementation with a green drink that contained alfalfa, wheatgrass, apple cider vinegar, and fulvic acid throughout the study period. A cleanse supplementation containing magnesium, chia, flaxseed, lemon, camu camu, cat's claw, bentonite clay, tumeric, pau d'arco, chanca piedra, stevia, zeolite clay, slippery elm, garlic, ginger, peppermint, aloe, citrus bioflavonoids, and fulvic acid was added before each meal during week 2. During week 3, the cleanse supplementation was replaced with probiotic and prebiotic supplementation. Results Multiple paired t tests detected clinically meaningful reductions in weight (− 8.7 ± 5.54 lb) (− 3.9 ± 2.5 kg), total cholesterol (− 30.0 ± 29.77 mg/dL), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (− 21.0 ± 25.20 mg/dL) (P < .05). There was a pre-post intervention increase in testosterone for men (111.0 ± 121.13 ng/dL, P < .05). Conclusions Weight loss and improvements

  12. Changes in anthropometric measurements, body composition, blood pressure, lipid profile, and testosterone in patients participating in a low-energy dietary intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balliett, Mary; Burke, Jeanmarie R

    2013-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe changes in anthropometric measurements, body composition, blood pressure, lipid profile, and testosterone following a low-energy-density dietary intervention plus regimented supplementation program. The study design was a pre-post intervention design without a control group. Normal participants were recruited from the faculty, staff, students, and community members from a chiropractic college to participate in a 21-day weight loss program. All participants (n = 49; 36 women, 13 men; 31 ± 10.3 years of age) received freshly prepared mostly vegan meals (breakfast, lunch, and dinner) that included 1200 to 1400 daily calories (5020.8 to 5857.6 J) for the women and 1600 to 1800 (6694.4 to 7531.2 J) daily calories for the men. Nutritional supplements containing enzymes that were intended to facilitate digestion, reduce cholesterol levels, increase metabolic rate, and mediate inflammatory processes were consumed 30 minutes before each meal. The regimented supplementation program included once-daily supplementation with a green drink that contained alfalfa, wheatgrass, apple cider vinegar, and fulvic acid throughout the study period. A cleanse supplementation containing magnesium, chia, flaxseed, lemon, camu camu, cat's claw, bentonite clay, tumeric, pau d'arco, chanca piedra, stevia, zeolite clay, slippery elm, garlic, ginger, peppermint, aloe, citrus bioflavonoids, and fulvic acid was added before each meal during week 2. During week 3, the cleanse supplementation was replaced with probiotic and prebiotic supplementation. Multiple paired t tests detected clinically meaningful reductions in weight (- 8.7 ± 5.54 lb) (- 3.9 ± 2.5 kg), total cholesterol (- 30.0 ± 29.77 mg/dL), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (- 21.0 ± 25.20 mg/dL) (P < .05). There was a pre-post intervention increase in testosterone for men (111.0 ± 121.13 ng/dL, P < .05). Weight loss and improvements in total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein

  13. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Education and Awareness The Science Science Home Blood Disorders and Blood Safety Sleep Science and Sleep Disorders Lung Diseases Heart and Vascular Diseases Precision Medicine ...

  14. Alcohol drinking patterns and blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, M; Cooper, M L; Frone, M R; Welte, J W

    1991-04-01

    Although blood pressure tends to increase with average alcohol consumption, little is known about the effects of drinking patterns on blood pressure. Therefore, the effects of average drinks per day and drinking pattern (defined as the independent and interactive effects of quantity and frequency) on blood pressure were compared. Data were obtained from a random sample survey of 1,635 household residents in Erie County, New York. Alcohol-blood pressure relationships were examined using multiple regression analyses that controlled for the potentially confounding influence of 13 additional risk factors for elevated blood pressure. Consistent with prior research, a positive relationship was found between average drinks per day and diastolic and systolic blood pressure. Analyses examining the effect of drinking pattern indicated that drinking frequency had a positive effect on both diastolic and systolic blood pressure, whereas drinking quantity did not affect either. Furthermore, there was little evidence that the frequency-by-quantity interaction affected blood pressure. Low average alcohol intake and low blood pressure were associated with infrequent drinking, rather than with frequent drinking of small amounts of alcohol. Results suggest that the standard practice of averaging alcohol consumption may obscure important effects of drinking frequency on health.

  15. Blood Pressure Monitoring in Cardiovascular Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Menéndez Villalva

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available While the practice of taking blood pressure readings at the physician’s office continues to be valid, home blood pressure monitoring is being increasingly used to enhance diagnostic accuracy and ensure a more personalized follow-up of patients. In the case of white coat hypertension and resistant arterial hypertension, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is indispensable. Recent studies attach great importance to nocturnal blood pressure patterns, with a reduction in these becoming a treatment goal, a strategy known as chronotherapy. Home blood pressure monitoring is useful for both diagnosis and follow-up of arterial hypertension. Its use, particularly if combined with other patient-support interventions, serves to improve blood pressure control. Telemonitoring is associated with a decrease in blood pressure values and an increase in patient satisfaction. All studies highlight the importance of patients being supported by a multidisciplinary health care team, since blood pressure telemonitoring with a support team is more effective than simple data telemonitoring. Further studies are called for, especially on the illiterate population, with difficulties posed by technological accessibility and transcriptions into different languages. More cost-effectiveness studies and long-term results are needed to ascertain the true benefit of blood pressure telemonitoring.

  16. Relationships between blood lead, blood pressure, serum

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Gatsing

    also associated significantly with serum cholesterol for non-smokers (r = + 0.114) and body mass index for non–smoker (r = + 0.110) at p≤0.10. Systolic blood .... that they were lead free. Consequently, each material was rinsed with 5 ml ..... for subjects from some cities in southwest. Nigeria (Adeniyi and Anetor, 1999). The.

  17. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Channel Blockers: Keep calcium from entering the muscle cells of your heart and blood vessels. This allows ... goes down. Central Acting Agents: Act in the brain to decrease nerve signals that narrow blood vessels, ...

  18. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... and Blood Safety Sleep Science and Sleep Disorders Lung Diseases Heart and Vascular Diseases Precision Medicine Activities ... Sugary foods and beverages In the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)-sponsored Hispanic Community Health ...

  19. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... management techniques include: Being physically active Listening to music or focusing on something calm or peaceful Performing ... beat slower and with less force. As a result, your heart pumps less blood through your blood ...

  20. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Science Home Blood Disorders and Blood Safety Sleep Science and Sleep Disorders Lung Diseases Heart and Vascular Diseases Precision Medicine Activities Obesity, Nutrition, and Physical Activity Population and ...

  1. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... blindness. Heart Attack : When the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a section of heart muscle suddenly ... climbing stairs. Stroke : When the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a portion of the brain is ...

  2. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... balances, cause your blood vessels to constrict, or impact the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system leading to high ... are heart healthy. Limiting Sodium and Salt A low-sodium diet can help you manage your blood ...

  3. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Publications and Resources Health Education and Awareness The Science Science Home Blood Disorders and Blood Safety Sleep Science and Sleep Disorders Lung Diseases Heart and Vascular ...

  4. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Resources Health Education and Awareness The Science Science Home Blood Disorders and Blood Safety Sleep Science and ... Science A-Z Grants & Training Grants and Training Home Policies and Guidelines Funding Opportunities and Contacts Training ...

  5. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... oxygen-rich blood to a section of heart muscle suddenly becomes blocked and the heart doesn’t ... Calcium Channel Blockers: Keep calcium from entering the muscle cells of your heart and blood vessels. This ...

  6. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... oxygen-rich blood to a portion of the brain is blocked. The symptoms of a stroke include ... goes down. Central Acting Agents: Act in the brain to decrease nerve signals that narrow blood vessels, ...

  7. n-3 PUFA status in school children is associated with beneficial lipid profile, reduced physical activity and increased blood pressure in boys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsgaard, Camilla T.; Stark, Ken D.; Hjorth, Mads F.

    2013-01-01

    the relationship between fasting whole-blood EPA or DHA (w/w% of the total fatty acids, FA%) and markers of the MetS (anthropometry, blood pressure, plasma lipids and glucose homeostasis) cross-sectionally in seventy-three 8–11-year-old Danish children from the OPUS School Meal Pilot Study (OPUS is an acronym......Dietary n-3 long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA) improve dyslipidaemia and hypertension and may affect insulin resistance and adiposity. Increasing numbers of children show signs of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), but few studies have investigated the association with n-3 LC-PUFA status. We examined...... of the project ‘Optimal well-being, development and health for Danish children through a healthy New Nordic Diet’ and is supported by a grant from the Nordea Foundation). Also, we explored the potential mediating effects of physical activity and energy intake. Girls had higher body fat percentage (BF...

  8. Blood pressure in ICSI-conceived adolescents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Belva, F.; Roelants, M.; de Schepper, J.; Roseboom, T. J.; Bonduelle, M.; Devroey, P.; Painter, R. C.

    2012-01-01

    Do young adolescents conceived by ICSI display a higher blood pressure than spontaneously conceived (SC) adolescents? In our study, 14-year-old male and female ICSI teenagers were not found to have increased blood pressure at rest. Only limited data are available regarding the cardiovascular risk of

  9. PATTERN OF BLOOD PRESSURE IN URBAN NIGERIAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The pattern of blood pressure in a cross-section of urban apparently healthy Nigerian adolescents aged 13 to 18 years as well as the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (hypertension) in the group is presented. Four hundred and forty three (443) students attending two secondary schools in the city of Calabar formed ...

  10. Side effects of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steen, M.S. van der; Lenders, J.W.M.; Thien, Th.

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To study the experiences and complaints of patients who underwent 24 h blood pressure monitoring. METHODS: Two groups of hypertensive patients of a tertiary outpatient clinic were asked to fill in a nine-item questionnaire about the side effects of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring

  11. Segmental blood pressure after total hip replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gebuhr, Peter Henrik; Soelberg, M; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1992-01-01

    Twenty-nine patients due to have a total hip replacement had their systemic systolic and segmental blood pressures measured prior to operation and 1 and 6 weeks postoperatively. No patients had signs of ischemia. The segmental blood pressure was measured at the ankle and at the toes. A significan...

  12. Reducing maternal mortality : systolic blood pressure | Whitworth ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To establish whether systolic blood pressure management outlined in hospital guidelines for the management of severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia is in ... There was considerable variation in the level of blood pressure used as a target during treatment with antihypertensive medication and 32 (43.8%) of the ...

  13. Blood pressure regulation in diabetic autonomic neuropathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J

    1985-01-01

    Defective blood pressure responses to standing, exercise and epinephrine infusions have been demonstrated in diabetic patients with autonomic neuropathy. The circulatory mechanisms underlying blood pressure responses to exercise and standing up in these patients are well characterized: In both...... which may contribute to exercise hypotension in these patients. During hypoglycemia, blood pressure regulation seems intact in patients with autonomic neuropathy. This is probably due to release of substantial amounts of catecholamines during these experiments. During epinephrine infusions a substantial...... blood pressure fall ensues in patients with autonomic neuropathy, probably due to excessive muscular vasodilation. It is unresolved why blood pressure regulation is intact during hypoglycemia and severely impaired--at similar catecholamine concentrations--during epinephrine infusions....

  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... intake and sodium sensitivity Drinking excess amounts of alcohol Lack of physical activity Overweight and Obesity Research studies show that being overweight or obese can increase the resistance in the blood vessels, causing the heart to work harder and leading to high blood ...

  15. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Topics A-Z Clinical Trials Publications and Resources Health Education and Awareness The Science Science Home Blood Disorders and Blood Safety Sleep Science and Sleep Disorders Lung Diseases Heart and Vascular ... All Science A-Z Grants & Training Grants and ...

  16. Office blood pressure or ambulatory blood pressure for the prediction of cardiovascular events

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Rikke Nørmark; Gerds, Thomas Alexander; Jeppesen, Jørgen Lykke

    2017-01-01

    Aims: To determine the added value of (i) 24-h ambulatory blood pressure relative to office blood pressure and (ii) night-time ambulatory blood pressure relative to daytime ambulatory blood pressure for 10-year person-specific absolute risks of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events. Methods...... and results: A total of 7927 participants were included from the International Database on Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in relation to Cardiovascular Outcomes. We used cause-specific Cox regression to predict 10-year person-specific absolute risks of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events....... Discrimination of 10-year outcomes was assessed by time-dependent area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). No differences in predicted risks were observed when comparing office blood pressure and ambulatory blood pressure. The median difference in 10-year risks (1st; 3rd quartile) was -0...

  17. The effects of home blood pressure monitoring on blood pressure control and treatment planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erden, Sacide; Mefkure Ozkaya, Hande; Banu Denizeri, Sabiha; Karabacak, Emrah

    2016-08-01

    Blood pressure monitoring is essential in hypertension, which is an important public health issue. Our objective was to compare the rates of blood pressure control and to investigate factors that affect blood pressure control in patients with hypertension. The records of 1006 patients with hypertension were examined retrospectively. The blood pressure control rates of the 394 patients who measured their blood pressure at home (group 1) and those who did not (group 2) were compared. In group 1, the mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure was 123.91±12.63/78.64±8.92 mmHg measured at home, whereas it was 140.31±20.56/85.76±11.55 mmHg in the office setting (poffice BP control (phome BP control (p Home blood pressure monitoring is useful in preventing complications and achieving therapy compliance and is essential in diagnosis and treatment planning of hypertension.

  18. Segmental blood pressure after total hip replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gebuhr, Peter Henrik; Soelberg, M; Henriksen, Jens Henrik

    1992-01-01

    Twenty-nine patients due to have a total hip replacement had their systemic systolic and segmental blood pressures measured prior to operation and 1 and 6 weeks postoperatively. No patients had signs of ischemia. The segmental blood pressure was measured at the ankle and at the toes. A significant...... drop was found in all pressures 1 week postoperatively. The decrease followed the systemic pressure and was restored to normal after 6 weeks. In a group of six patients with preoperatively decreased ankle pressure, a significant transient further decrease in the ankle-toe gradient pressure was found...... on the operated side. None of the patients had symptoms from the lowered pressure. We conclude that in patients without signs of ischemia, the postoperative segmental pressure decrease is reversible and therefore not dangerous....

  19. Circadian variation of blood pressure in patients with chronic renal failure on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, P; Feldt-Rasmussen, B; Ladefoged, Jens

    1995-01-01

    a non-invasive ambulatory blood pressure recorder. Average 24-h blood pressure was significantly higher in the group of CAPD patients than in the group of healthy controls, i.e. 141 +/- 22/82 +/- 8 mmHg (systolic and diastolic blood pressure +/- SD) vs. 126 +/- 18/80 +/- 7, p ...The circadian pattern of blood pressure variation was investigated in 10 patients with advanced chronic renal failure on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and in an age-matched group of controls without renal disease with similar office blood pressure level. Monitoring was done using...... of abnormal 24-h blood pressure profiles among CAPD patients. In the group of controls these profiles were in accordance with the established normal pattern, whereas nocturnal blood pressure reductions were significantly less pronounced in the patient group. The reduction +/- SD in the mean arterial blood...

  20. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Services Health Topics Health Topics A-Z Clinical Trials Publications and Resources Health Education and Awareness The ... babies have good outcomes. Participate in NHLBI Clinical Trials The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) ...

  1. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Human Services Health Topics Health Topics A-Z Clinical Trials Publications and Resources Health Education and Awareness ... and babies have good outcomes. Participate in NHLBI Clinical Trials The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute ( ...

  2. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Aim for a Healthy Weight . Limiting Alcohol Intake Limit alcohol intake. Too much alcohol will raise your blood ... diet. Be physically active. Maintain a healthy weight. Limit alcohol intake. Other lifestyle changes can improve your overall ...

  3. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... balances, cause your blood vessels to constrict, or impact the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system leading to high ... two or more medicines. If you have side effects from your medicines, don’t stop taking your ...

  4. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... have successfully adopted the earlier changes. When you practice several healthy lifestyle habits, you are more likely ... and babies have good outcomes. Participate in NHLBI Clinical Trials The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute ( ...

  5. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... with this condition, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, or kidney disease. Signs, Symptoms, and Complications Because ... feet, and buttocks after walking or climbing stairs. Stroke : When the flow of oxygen-rich blood to ...

  6. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Human Services Health Topics Health Topics A-Z Clinical Trials Publications and Resources Health Education and Awareness The ... and babies have good outcomes. Participate in NHLBI Clinical Trials The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) ...

  7. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Signs and symptoms include vision changes or blindness. Heart Attack : When the flow of oxygen-rich blood to ... oxygen. The most common warning symptoms of a heart attack are chest pain or discomfort, upper body discomfort, ...

  8. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... A-Z Clinical Trials Publications and Resources Health Education and Awareness The Science Science Home Blood Disorders ... All News NHLBI News NHLBI in the Press Research Features All Events Past Events Upcoming Events About ...

  9. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... have any short-term serious illnesses. People with diabetes or chronic kidney disease should keep their blood ... higher risk for heart disease and type 2 diabetes. This risk may be high with a waist ...

  10. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... ounces of liquor Managing and Coping With Stress Learning how to manage stress, relax, and cope with ... goes down. Central Acting Agents: Act in the brain to decrease nerve signals that narrow blood vessels, ...

  11. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Guidelines Funding Opportunities and Contacts Training and Career Development News and Events News and Events Home Email ... research suggests that certain DNA changes during fetal development also may cause the development of high blood ...

  12. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... numbers that are considered normal for babies, while older teens have numbers similar to adults. Abnormal Blood ... condition is called isolated systolic hypertension (ISH). Many older adults have this condition. ISH can cause as ...

  13. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... or blindness. Heart Attack : When the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a section of heart muscle suddenly becomes blocked and the heart doesn’t get oxygen. The most common warning symptoms of a heart ...

  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... Genetic causes of this condition are why family history is a risk factor for this condition. Screening and Prevention Healthy lifestyle habits, proper use of medicines, and regular medical care can prevent high blood ...

  15. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... management techniques include: Being physically active Listening to music or focusing on something calm or peaceful Performing ... multidisciplinary researchers on June 10, 2016, to share current scientific k... View all events on High Blood ...

  16. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... pressure. The DASH eating plan focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other foods that are heart ... such as apples, bananas, oranges, pears, and prunes Vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, and carrots Legumes, such ...

  17. Development of a blood pressure alarm detector based on seven ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper introduces the development of a blood pressure alarm detector, meant to be incorporated into an electronic blood pressure tracking unit, from which it detects signals for the measured blood pressure (BP), that is, the systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). It simultaneously displays the ...

  18. Working meeting on blood pressure measurement: suggestions for measuring blood pressure to use in populations surveys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-11-01

    As part of the Pan American Hypertension Initiative (PAHI), the Pan American Health Organization and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health of the United States of America conducted a working meeting to discuss blood pressure (BP) measurement methods used in various hypertension prevalence surveys and clinical trials, with the objective of developing a BP measurement protocol for use in hypertension prevalence surveys in the Americas. No such common protocol has existed in the Americas, so it has been difficult to compare hypertension prevention and intervention strategies. This piece describes a proposed standard method for measuring blood pressure for use in population surveys in the Region of the Americas. The piece covers: considerations for developing a common blood pressure measurement protocol, critical issues in measuring blood pressure in national surveys, minimum procedures for blood pressure measurement during surveillance, and quality assessment of blood pressure.

  19. Dietary fiber and blood pressure control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleixandre, A; Miguel, M

    2016-04-01

    In the past few years, new strategies to control blood pressure levels are emerging by developing new bioactive components of foods. Fiber has been linked to the prevention of a number of cardiovascular diseases and disorders. β-Glucan, the main soluble fiber component in oat grains, was initially linked to a reduction in plasma cholesterol. Several studies have shown afterward that dietary fiber may also improve glycaemia, insulin resistance and weight loss. The effect of dietary fiber on arterial blood pressure has been the subject of far fewer studies than its effect on the above-mentioned variables, but research has already shown that fiber intake can decrease arterial blood pressure in hypertensive rats. Moreover, certain fibers can improve arterial blood pressure when administered to hypertensive and pre-hypertensive subjects. The present review summarizes all those studies which attempt to establish the antihypertensive effects of dietary fiber, as well as its effect on other cardiovascular risk factors.

  20. Managing Stress to Control High Blood Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... at work, talk with your neighbor if his dog bothers you or get help when you have ... Doctor (PDF) Find More Resources and Fact Sheets Popular Articles 1 Understanding Blood Pressure Readings 2 Sodium ...

  1. High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... CKD) High Blood Pressure Related Topics English English French Español Section Navigation Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) What ... products they can use to quit smoking. Stress Learning how to manage stress, relax, and cope with ...

  2. How Is High Blood Pressure Treated?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... include: Whole grains Fruits, such as apples, bananas, oranges, pears, and prunes Vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, ... ACE inhibitors block this process, which stops the production of Angiotensin II, lowering blood pressure. Angiotensin II ...

  3. Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... include: Whole grains Fruits, such as apples, bananas, oranges, pears, and prunes Vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, ... ACE inhibitors block this process, which stops the production of Angiotensin II, lowering blood pressure. Angiotensin II ...

  4. Preeclampsia and High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Gynecologists f AQ FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FAQ034 PREGNANCY Preeclampsia and High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy • What is ... is chronic hypertension during pregnancy managed? • What is preeclampsia? • When does preeclampsia occur? • What causes preeclampsia? • What ...

  5. Low blood pressure in psychiatric inpatients.

    OpenAIRE

    Masterton, G; Main, C J; Lever, A F; Lever, R S

    1981-01-01

    Blood pressure recordings in 116 female psychiatric inpatients were analysed. Sixty-nine women had schizophrenia, the remainder a variety of psychiatric conditions. All had been in hospital continuously for more than one year, the average for 19 years continuously. An average of seven recordings of blood pressure per patient had been made during that time. The latest of these compared well with measurements made independently using a sphygmomanometer free from observer bias. On admission to h...

  6. Propranolol LA and ambulatory blood pressure.

    OpenAIRE

    Mann, S; Craig, M W; Balasubramanian, V; Raftery, E B

    1980-01-01

    1 The technique of continuous recording of intra-arterial blood pressure in ambulant hypertensives has been used to investigate the effects of a long-acting formulation of propranolol (propranolol LA). 2 Seven subjects with untreated essential hypertension were studied before and 2 months after commencing treatment with propranolol LA once daily in the morning, results showing that smooth control of blood pressure and heart rate occurred throughout 24 h. 3 Bicycle ergometry tests performed by...

  7. Influence of short-term blood pressure variability on blood pressure determinations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, W. J.; van Goudoever, J.; van Montfrans, G. A.; Wesseling, K. H.

    1992-01-01

    To evaluate the effect of blood pressure variability on Riva Rocci Korotkoff blood pressure determinations, we studied the intra-arterial pressure during Riva Rocci Korotkoff determinations in 25 patients. In 50 measurements with a cuff deflation rate of 2.5 mm Hg/sec, the systolic intra-arterial

  8. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)-sponsored Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos , which studied Hispanics living ... su vida: Controle su presión arterial alta Hispanic Community Health Study Data Book In Brief: Your Guide to ...

  9. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... birth and low birth weight. If you’re thinking about having a baby and have high blood ... su presión arterial alta Hispanic Community Health Study Data Book In Brief: Your Guide to Lowering Your ...

  10. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... carrots Legumes, such as kidney beans, lentils, chick peas, black-eyed peas, and lima beans Fat-free or low-fat ... Stroke Other Resources Many resources are available for support and to provide additional information on high blood ...

  11. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... discomfort, upper body discomfort, and shortness of breath. Heart Failure : When the heart can’t pump enough blood ... the body’s needs. Common signs and symptoms of heart failure include shortness of breath or trouble breathing; feeling ...

  12. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... treatment plan by prescribing medicines to treat the disease. Health care providers prescribe children and teens medicines at special doses that are ... diagnosing, and treating heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders. Learn more about participating ... Children and Clinical Studies to hear experts, parents, and ...

  13. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... upper body discomfort, and shortness of breath. Heart Failure : When the heart can’t pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. Common signs and symptoms of heart failure include shortness of breath or trouble breathing; feeling ...

  14. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)-sponsored Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos , which studied Hispanics ... su vida: Controle su presión arterial alta Hispanic Community Health Study Data Book In Brief: Your Guide ...

  15. Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

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    Full Text Available ... muscle suddenly becomes blocked and the heart doesn’t get oxygen. The most common warning symptoms of ... of breath. Heart Failure : When the heart can’t pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. ...

  16. An underwater blood pressure measuring device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sieber, Arne; Kuch, Benjamin; L'abbate, Antonio; Wagner, Matthias; Dario, Paolo; Bedini, Remo

    2008-09-01

    Measurement of arterial blood pressure is an important vital sign for monitoring the circulation. However, up to now no instrument has been available that enables the measurement of blood pressure underwater. The present paper details a novel, oscillometric, automatic digital blood pressure (BP) measurement device especially designed for this purpose. It consists mainly of analogue and digital electronics in a lexan housing that is rated to a depth of up to 200 metres' sea water, a cuff and a solenoid for inflation of the cuff with air supplied from a scuba tank. An integrated differential pressure sensor, exposed to the same ambient pressure as the cuff, allows accurate BP measurement. Calculation of systolic and diastolic pressures is based on the analysis of pressure oscillations recorded during the deflation. In hyperbaric chamber tests to pressures up to 405 kPa, BP measurements taken with the prototype were comparable to those obtained with established manual and automated methods. Swimming pool tests confirmed the correct functioning of the system underwater. The quality of the recorded pressure oscillations was very good even at 10 metres' fresh water, and allowed determination of diastolic and systolic pressure values. Based on these results we envisage that this device will lead to a better understanding of human cardiovascular physiology in underwater and hyperbaric environments.

  17. High Blood Pressure: Unique to Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... hypertension is treated by reducing blood pressure, using anti-hypertensive drugs, diuretics (water pills), vasodilators (drugs that relax your blood vessels), and lifestyle changes. Limit your intake of salt and eat ... also anti-anxiety medicines available if needed. Your healthcare provider ...

  18. High Blood Pressure Dangers: Hypertension's Effects on Your Body

    Science.gov (United States)

    High blood pressure dangers: Hypertension's effects on your body High blood pressure is a risk factor for ... High blood pressure (hypertension) can quietly damage your body for years before symptoms develop. Left uncontrolled, you ...

  19. Blood pressure to height ratio as a screening tool for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-12-03

    117:3171‑80. 4. National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High. Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. The fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure in ...

  20. Calcium Supplements: Do They Interfere with Blood Pressure Drugs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with blood pressure drugs? Is it true that calcium supplements may interact with blood pressure medications? Answers ... G. Sheps, M.D. Yes. In large amounts, calcium supplements may interact with some blood pressure medications. ...

  1. Blood Pressure Quiz | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: High Blood Pressure Blood Pressure Quiz Past Issues / Fall 2011 Table of Contents Blood pressure changes throughout the day. It… is highest while ...

  2. Automated determination of the ankle-brachial index using an oscillometric blood pressure monitor: validation vs. Doppler measurement and cardiovascular risk factor profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kollias, Anastasios; Xilomenos, Apostolos; Protogerou, Athanase; Dimakakos, Evangelos; Stergiou, George S

    2011-07-01

    The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a method used widely for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) diagnosis and cardiovascular risk prediction. This study validated automated ABI measurements taken using an oscillometric blood pressure (BP) monitor allowing simultaneous arm-leg BP measurements. A total of 93 patients (hypertension 83%; dyslipidemia 72%; diabetes 45%; cardiovascular disease 23%; smoking 15%) were submitted to Doppler and automated ABI measurements, performed using a professional oscillometric BP monitor (Microlife WatchBP Office; triplicate simultaneous arm-leg BP measurements), in a randomized order. The mean difference between the Doppler reading (1.08 ± 0.17) and (1) the first oscillometric ABI reading was 0.03 ± 0.11, (2) the average of two oscillometric readings was 0.02 ± 0.10 and (3) the average of three oscillometric readings was 0.02 ± 0.09 (P oscillometric and Doppler ABI (r 0.80, 0.85 and 0.86 for single and average of two and three oscillometric readings, respectively; P oscillometric and Doppler ABI in diagnosing PAD (Doppler ABI oscillometric ABI cutoff for optimal sensitivity (92%) and specificity (92%) in diagnosing PAD. Average time for automated ABI measurement was 5.8 vs. 9.3 min for Doppler (P oscillometric ABI were associated and predicted (multivariate regression analysis) by the same cardiovascular risk factors (pulse pressure, smoking and cardiovascular disease history). Automated ABI measurement using a professional BP monitor allowing simultaneous arm-leg BP measurements appears to be a reliable and faster alternative to Doppler measurement.

  3. Office blood pressure or ambulatory blood pressure for the prediction of cardiovascular events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortensen, Rikke Nørmark; Gerds, Thomas Alexander; Jeppesen, Jørgen Lykke; Torp-Pedersen, Christian

    2017-11-21

    To determine the added value of (i) 24-h ambulatory blood pressure relative to office blood pressure and (ii) night-time ambulatory blood pressure relative to daytime ambulatory blood pressure for 10-year person-specific absolute risks of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events. A total of 7927 participants were included from the International Database on Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in relation to Cardiovascular Outcomes. We used cause-specific Cox regression to predict 10-year person-specific absolute risks of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events. Discrimination of 10-year outcomes was assessed by time-dependent area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). No differences in predicted risks were observed when comparing office blood pressure and ambulatory blood pressure. The median difference in 10-year risks (1st; 3rd quartile) was -0.01% (-0.3%; 0.1%) for cardiovascular mortality and -0.1% (-1.1%; 0.5%) for cardiovascular events. The difference in AUC (95% confidence interval) was 0.65% (0.22-1.08%) for cardiovascular mortality and 1.33% (0.83-1.84%) for cardiovascular events. Comparing daytime and night-time blood pressure, the median difference in 10-year risks was 0.002% (-0.1%; 0.1%) for cardiovascular mortality and -0.01% (-0.5%; 0.2%) for cardiovascular events. The difference in AUC was 0.10% (-0.08 to 0.29%) for cardiovascular mortality and 0.15% (-0.06 to 0.35%) for cardiovascular events. Ten-year predictions obtained from ambulatory blood pressure are similar to predictions from office blood pressure. Night-time blood pressure does not improve 10-year predictions obtained from daytime measurements. For an otherwise healthy population sufficient prognostic accuracy of cardiovascular risks can be achieved with office blood pressure.

  4. Beat-to-Beat Blood Pressure Monitor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yong Jin

    2012-01-01

    This device provides non-invasive beat-to-beat blood pressure measurements and can be worn over the upper arm for prolonged durations. Phase and waveform analyses are performed on filtered proximal and distal photoplethysmographic (PPG) waveforms obtained from the brachial artery. The phase analysis is used primarily for the computation of the mean arterial pressure, while the waveform analysis is used primarily to obtain the pulse pressure. Real-time compliance estimate is used to refine both the mean arterial and pulse pressures to provide the beat-to-beat blood pressure measurement. This wearable physiological monitor can be used to continuously observe the beat-to-beat blood pressure (B3P). It can be used to monitor the effect of prolonged exposures to reduced gravitational environments and the effectiveness of various countermeasures. A number of researchers have used pulse wave velocity (PWV) of blood in the arteries to infer the beat-to-beat blood pressure. There has been documentation of relative success, but a device that is able to provide the required accuracy and repeatability has not yet been developed. It has been demonstrated that an accurate and repeatable blood pressure measurement can be obtained by measuring the phase change (e.g., phase velocity), amplitude change, and distortion of the PPG waveforms along the brachial artery. The approach is based on comparing the full PPG waveform between two points along the artery rather than measuring the time-of-flight. Minimizing the measurement separation and confining the measurement area to a single, well-defined artery allows the waveform to retain the general shape between the two measurement points. This allows signal processing of waveforms to determine the phase and amplitude changes.

  5. Comparison of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and office blood pressure measurements in obese children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renda, Rahime

    2017-10-24

    Obesity in adults has been related to hypertension and abnormal nocturnal dipping of blood pressure, which are associated with poor cardiovascular and renal outcomes. Here, we aimed to resolve the relationship between the degree of obesity, the severity of hypertension and dipping status on ambulatory blood pressure in obese children. A total 72 patients with primary obesity aged 7 to 18 years (mean: 13.48 ± 3.25) were selected. Patients were divided into three groups based on body mass index (BMİ) Z-score. Diagnosis and staging of ambulatory hypertension based on 24-h blood pressure measurements, obtained from ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Based on our ambulatory blood pressure data, 35 patients (48.6%) had hypertension, 7 (20%) had ambulatory prehypertension, 21 (60%) had hypertension, and 7 patients (20%) had severe ambulatory hypertension. There was a significant relationship between severity of hypertension and the degree of obesity (p < 0.05). Thirty-one patients (88.6%) had isolated nighttime hypertension, and 53 patients (73.6%) were non-dippers. All systolic blood pressure results and loads were similar between groups. Diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure levels during the night, diastolic blood pressure loads, and heart rate during the day were significantly higher in Group 3 (p < 0.05). Nocturnal non-dipping was not associated with severity of obesity. Obesity was associated with severity of hypertension, higher diastolic blood pressure at night, mean arterial pressure at night, diastolic blood pressure loads and heart rate at day. Increase in BMI Z-score does not a significant impact on daytime blood pressure and nocturnal dipping status.

  6. Optimizing blood pressure in neurological emergencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Jack C; Mayer, Stephan A

    2004-01-01

    Excessive hypertension can challenge the brain's capacity to autoregulate cerebral blood flow, and can aggravate increased intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral edema. Hypotension may worsen ischemic damage in marginally perfused tissue, and in some cases can trigger cerebral vasodilation and ICP plateau waves. There is a lack of high-quality data regarding optimal BP management in these conditions. Existing guidelines for target BP levels are based largely on class III evidence. Class I data only exist for enteral candesartan and nimodipine use in acute ischemic stroke and aneurismal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), respectively, and for parenteral magnesium use in eclampsia. Class II data exist for reducing BP to 60 mmHg in traumatic brain injury. Short-acting continuous-infusion agents with a reliable dose-response relationship and favorable safety profile are desirable. To reduce BP, labetalol, esmolol, and nicardipine best meet these criteria. Sodium nitroprusside should be avoided in most neurological emergencies because of its tendency to raise ICP and cause toxicity with prolonged infusion. To elevate BP, the preferred agents are phenylephrine, dopamine, and norepinephrine.

  7. Specific Blood Pressure Targets for Patients With Diabetic Nephropathy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grassi, Guido; Mancia, Giuseppe; Nilsson, Peter M

    2016-08-01

    Diabetic nephropathy represents a condition frequently detected in current clinical practice characterized by a very high cardiovascular risk profile. Blood pressure reduction via antihypertension drug treatment represents a therapeutic approach capable of exerting favorable effects on renal and cardiovascular outcomes. The purpose of this article is to review the current literature and results of key clinical trials pertaining to blood pressure goals of antihypertension treatment in these patients. The pros and cons of a less or a more intensive blood pressure goal in diabetic nephropathy will be discussed, with particular emphasis on the cardiovascular and renal effects of each therapeutic strategy. © 2016 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered.

  8. Blood Pressure Percentiles for School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmail Özanli

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The prevalence of hypertension in childhood and adolescence is gradually increasing. We aimed to in­vestigate the blood pressure (BP values of children aged 7-18 years. Methods: This study was conducted in a total of 3375 (1777 females, 1598 males children from 27 schools. Blood pressures of children were measured using sphyg­momanometer appropriate to arm circumference. Results: A positive relationship was found between sys­tolic blood pressure (SBP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP and the body weight, height, age and body mass index (BMI in male and female children. SBP was high­er in males than females after the age of 13. DBP was higher in males than the females after the age of 14. The mean annual increase of SBP was 2.06 mmHg in males and 1.54 mmHg in females. The mean annual increase of DBP was 1.52 mmHg in males and 1.38 mmHg in fe­males. Conclusion: In this study, we identified the threshold val­ues for blood pressure in children between the age of 7 and 18 years in Erzurum province. It is necessary to com­bine and evaluate data obtained from various regions for the identification of BP percentiles according to the age, gender and height percentiles of Turkish children.

  9. [Central blood pressure and vascular damage].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Lahiguera, Francisco; Rodilla, Enrique; Costa, José Antonio; Pascual, José María

    2015-07-20

    The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between central blood pressure and vascular damage. This cross-sectional study involved 393 never treated hypertensive patients (166 women). Clinical blood pressure (BP), 24h blood pressure (BP24h) and central blood pressure (CBP) were measured. Vascular organ damage (VOD) was assessed by calculating the albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR), wave pulse pressure velocity and echocardiographic left ventricular mass index (LVMI). Patients with VOD had higher values of BP, BP24h, and CBP than patients without ACR. When comparing several systolic BP, systolic BP24h had a higher linear correlation with CBP (Z Steiger test: 2.26; P=.02) and LVMI (Z Steiger test: 3.23; P=.01) than PAC. In a multiple regression analysis corrected by age, sex and metabolic syndrome, all pressures were related with VOD but systolic BP24h showed the highest correlation. In a logistic regression analysis, having the highest tercile of systolic BP24h was the stronger predictor of VOD (multivariate odds ratio: 3.4; CI 95%: 2.5-5.5, P=.001). CBP does not have more correlation with VOD than other measurements of peripheral BP. Systolic BP24h is the BP measurement that best predicts VOD. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  10. Effect of cocoa on blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ried, Karin; Fakler, Peter; Stocks, Nigel P

    2017-04-25

    High blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, contributing to about 50% of cardiovascular events worldwide and 37% of cardiovascular-related deaths in Western populations. Epidemiological studies suggest that cocoa-rich products reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Flavanols found in cocoa have been shown to increase the formation of endothelial nitric oxide which promotes vasodilation and therefore blood pressure reduction. Here we update previous meta-analyses on the effect of cocoa on blood pressure. To assess the effects on blood pressure of chocolate or cocoa products versus low-flavanol products or placebo in adults with or without hypertension when consumed for two weeks or longer. This is an updated version of the review initially published in 2012. In this updated version, we searched the following electronic databases from inception to November 2016: Cochrane Hypertension Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE and Embase. We also searched international trial registries, and the reference lists of review articles and included trials. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of chocolate or cocoa products on systolic and diastolic blood pressure in adults for a minimum of two weeks duration. Two review authors independently extracted data and assessed the risks of bias in each trial. We conducted random-effects meta-analyses on the included studies using Review Manager 5. We explored heterogeneity with subgroup analyses by baseline blood pressure, flavanol content of control group, blinding, age and duration. Sensitivity analyses explored the influence of unusual study design. Thirty-five trials (including 40 treatment comparisons) met the inclusion criteria. Of these, we added 17 trials (20 treatment comparisons) to the 18 trials (20 treatment comparisons) in the previous version of this updated review.Trials provided participants with 30 to 1218 mg of flavanols (mean = 670 mg) in 1.4 to 105

  11. PPARγ Agonists: Blood Pressure and Edema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonnie L. Blazer-Yost

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ agonists are widely used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Side effects of drug treatment include both fluid retention and a lowering of blood pressure. Data from animal and human studies suggest that these effects arise, at least in part, from drug-induced changes in the kidney. In order to capitalize on the positive aspect (lowering of blood pressure and exclude the negative one (fluid retention, it is necessary to understand the mechanisms of action underlying each of the effects. When interpreted with known physiological principles, current hypotheses regarding potential mechanisms produce enigmas that are difficult to resolve. This paper is a summary of the current understanding of PPARγ agonist effects on both blood pressure and fluid retention from a renal perspective and concludes with the newest studies that suggest alternative pathways within the kidney that could contribute to the observed drug-induced effects.

  12. Aldosterone in uremia - beyond blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritz, Eberhard; Koleganova, Nadezda

    2010-01-01

    Aldosterone was in the past considered only as a prohypertensinogenic agent. It has recently become clear that apart from the classical endocrine action, i.e. causing blood pressure elevation as a result of salt retention, aldosterone has numerous blood-pressure-independent actions on nonepithelial tissue. Under conditions of high salt concentration, aldosterone is injurious to the kidney, heart and vasculature. Of particular interest are recent observations that aldosterone is a permissive factor for the effect of minor increases in plasma sodium concentration on endothelial cell dysfunction. Despite surprising effects of aldosterone blockade on blood pressure of anuric dialysis patients, the potential role of mineralocorticoid receptor blockade in dialysis patients is currently unclear and requires controlled investigation to define the risk of potential hazards, specifically hyperkalemia. Copyright (c) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  13. Risk Stratification by Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Across JNC Classes of Conventional Blood Pressure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brguljan-Hitij, Jana; Thijs, Lutgarde; Li, Yan

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Guidelines propose classification of conventional blood pressure (CBP) into normotension (<120/<80 mm Hg), prehypertension (120-139/80-89 mm Hg), and hypertension (≥140/≥90 mm Hg). METHODS: To assess the potential differential contribution of ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in predict...

  14. An implantable blood pressure and flow transmitter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rader, R. D.; Meehan, J. P.; Henriksen, J. K. C.

    1973-01-01

    A miniature totally implantable FM/FM telemetry system has been developed to simultaneously measure blood pressure and blood flow, thus providing an appreciation of the hemodynamics of the circulation to the entire body or to a particular organ. Developed for work with animal subjects, the telemetry system's transmission time is controlled by an RF signal that permits an operating life of several months. Pressure is detected by a miniature intravascular transducer and flow is detected by an extravascular interferometric ultrasonic technique. Both pressure and flow are calibrated prior to implanting. The pressure calibration can be checked after the implanting by cannulation; flow calibration can be verified only at the end of the experiment by determining the voltage output from the implanted sensing system as a function of several measured flow rates. The utility of this device has been established by its use in investigating canine renal circulation during exercise, emotional encounters, administration of drugs, and application of accelerative forces.

  15. Oscillometric blood pressure: a review for clinicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpert, Bruce S; Quinn, David; Gallick, David

    2014-12-01

    Oscillometric devices for the non-invasive estimation of blood pressure (BP) have become the "clinical standard" because of training requirements for determination of BP by auscultation, cost, and the phasing-out/banning of mercury in many states and countries. Analysis of recent publications reveals a lack of understanding of the "meaning" of oscillometric blood pressure (OBP) measurements by authors, journal editors, and clinicians. We were invited to submit a review of OBP methodology written for clinicians. We hope that the material contained herein will clarify how clinicians should interpret OBP values for their patients. Copyright © 2014 American Society of Hypertension. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. A novel approach to office blood pressure measurement: 30-minute office blood pressure vs daytime ambulatory blood pressure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wel, M.C. van der; Buunk, I.E.; Weel, C. van; Thien, Th.; Bakx, J.C.

    2011-01-01

    PURPOSE: Current office blood pressure measurement (OBPM) is often not executed according to guidelines and cannot prevent the white-coat effect. Serial, automated, oscillometric OBPM has the potential to overcome both these problems. We therefore developed a 30-minute OBPM method that we compared

  17. Dietary phosphorus and blood pressure: international study of macro- and micro-nutrients and blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Paul; Kesteloot, Hugo; Appel, Lawrence J; Dyer, Alan R; Ueshima, Hirotsugu; Chan, Queenie; Brown, Ian J; Zhao, Liancheng; Stamler, Jeremiah

    2008-03-01

    Raised blood pressure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide; improved nutritional approaches to population-wide prevention are required. Few data are available on dietary phosphorus and blood pressure and none are available on possible combined effects of phosphorus, magnesium, and calcium on blood pressure. The International Study of Macro- and Micro-Nutrients and Blood Pressure is a cross-sectional epidemiologic study of 4680 men and women ages 40 to 59 from 17 population samples in Japan, China, United Kingdom, and United States. Blood pressure was measured 8 times at 4 visits. Dietary intakes were obtained from four 24-hour recalls plus data on supplement use. Dietary phosphorus was inversely associated with blood pressure in a series of predefined multiple regression models, with the successive addition of potential confounders, both nondietary and dietary. Estimated blood pressure differences per 232 mg/1000 kcal (2 SD) of higher dietary phosphorus were -1.1 to -2.3 mm Hg systolic/-0.6 to -1.5 mm Hg diastolic (n=4680) and -1.6 to -3.5 mm Hg systolic/-0.8 to -1.8 mm Hg diastolic for 2238 "nonintervened" individuals, ie, those without special diet/nutritional supplements or diagnosis/treatment for cardiovascular disease or diabetes. Dietary calcium and magnesium, correlated with phosphorus (partial r=0.71 and r=0.68), were inversely associated with blood pressure. Blood pressures were lower by 1.9 to 4.2 mm Hg systolic/1.2 to 2.4 mm Hg diastolic for people with intakes above versus below country-specific medians for all 3 of the minerals. These results indicate the potential for increased phosphorus/mineral intake to lower blood pressure as part of the recommendations for healthier eating patterns for the prevention and control of prehypertension and hypertension.

  18. Special Features of a 24-hour Arterial Blood Pressure Profile in Healthy Children During the Period of Adaptation to Studying at Different School Types

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. N. Zakharova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Arterial hypertension in children is a serious socially important problem, because it holds a position within the top of cardiovascular diseases, beginning from the adolescent age. A timely start of preventive measures based on appropriate forecast assessment in children from risk groups will make it possible to reduce the disease burden in elder age groups. Research purpose. Based on comprehensive assessment of clinic-anamnestic, genealogic, psychologic data, peculiarities of daily profile of arterial tension in the course of adaptation to education in educational institutions, to characterize the markers and single out the factors associated with AT increase in children that are considered relatively healthy.Patients. On a voluntary basis, 199 children of 1–2 health groups were included in the research at the age of 10–12 years (11.3 ± 0.02 years who had just started their education at a cadet educational institution or middle school. The children did not have any complaints by the time of the research, nor did they have the necessity of taking medicines which could have an effect on the cardiovascular system and acute infectious diseases during the previous month.Methods. The research was carried out during the period from September 2013 until May 2014 in 2 successive stages corresponding to the first and second academic terms. The examination included clinic-anamnestic and genealogic methods, anthropometry, three-fold measuring of arterial pressure by Korotkoff’s method, 24-hour ECG and AP monitoring, monitoring of motion activity volume, study of general and school levels of anxiety and psychic tension, assessment of the vegetative nervous system condition, nature of exercise tolerance and volume of additional sports load, volume of additional academic load.Results. The most important predictors of AH development and elevated AP persistence in children aged 10–12 years of 1 and 2 health groups are: values of SAP and

  19. Effects of two combined oral contraceptives containing ethinyl estradiol 30 microg combined with either gestodene or drospirenone on hemostatic parameters, lipid profiles and blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildizhan, Recep; Yildizhan, Begum; Adali, Ertan; Yoruk, Pinar; Birol, Fatih; Suer, Necdet

    2009-08-01

    The aim of this study is to compare the effect of ethinyl estradiol 0.03 mg/gestodene 0.075 mg (EE/GSD) with ethinylestradiol 0.03 mg/drospirenone 3 mg (EE/DRSP) administered according to conventional 21/7 regimen on body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP), lipid metabolism and hemostatic parameters. In this study, 160 healthy women were randomized to EE/GSD mg or EE/DRSP for 12 months. Mean differences in BMI, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol (TC) levels and BP compared to baseline were assessed. One hundred and forty-five (89%) of the women completed all 12 treatment cycles. The subjects randomly assigned into two treatment groups. Group EE/GSD (n = 71) and group EE/DRSP (n = 72). In group B, BMI values were significantly lower than baseline at the sixth cycle. DRSP/EE had more favorable effects on BP than GSD/EE with the mean systolic and diastolic BPs remaining lower in the DRSP/EE group. The difference between the two preparations was not statistically significant at the end of the study. TC levels remained similar in both groups throughout the study period. In both groups LDL-C levels decreased, triglyceride and HDL-C levels significantly increased from baseline levels. These changes result in increasing HDL-C/LDL-C ratio, demonstrating anti-atherogenic effect. Menstrual cycle patterns and the incidence of adverse events were similar between groups. The duration of withdrawal bleeding decreased during the study for both groups and was similar. The EE/DRSP regimen provides good cycle control with reliable contraceptive efficacy and low incidence of adverse events. Compared with the EE/GSD preparation, the EE/DRSP preparation demonstrated a more favorable effect on BMI and BP with the mean BMI and mean BP remaining lower than baseline mean. The new formulation may be especially beneficial for women susceptible to body weight gain and rise in BP.

  20. Patient Blood Pressure and Pulse Rate Monitoring With an Alert ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Blood pressure and pulse rate are two of the vital signs of humans and it is imperative that the chronically ill and the elderly patients need to have their blood pressure and pulse rate checked from time to time. This paper describes the use of the Omron 790it blood pressure monitor to check the blood pressure and the pulse ...

  1. 21 CFR 870.1100 - Blood pressure alarm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Blood pressure alarm. 870.1100 Section 870.1100...) MEDICAL DEVICES CARDIOVASCULAR DEVICES Cardiovascular Diagnostic Devices § 870.1100 Blood pressure alarm. (a) Identification. A blood pressure alarm is a device that accepts the signal from a blood pressure...

  2. Dysglycemia induces abnormal circadian blood pressure variability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumarasamy Sivarajan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Prediabetes (PreDM in asymptomatic adults is associated with abnormal circadian blood pressure variability (abnormal CBPV. Hypothesis Systemic inflammation and glycemia influence circadian blood pressure variability. Methods Dahl salt-sensitive (S rats (n = 19 after weaning were fed either an American (AD or a standard (SD diet. The AD (high-glycemic-index, high-fat simulated customary human diet, provided daily overabundant calories which over time lead to body weight gain. The SD (low-glycemic-index, low-fat mirrored desirable balanced human diet for maintaining body weight. Body weight and serum concentrations for fasting glucose (FG, adipokines (leptin and adiponectin, and proinflammatory cytokines [monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α] were measured. Rats were surgically implanted with C40 transmitters and blood pressure (BP-both systolic; SBP and diastolic; DBP and heart rate (HR were recorded by telemetry every 5 minutes during both sleep (day and active (night periods. Pulse pressure (PP was calculated (PP = SBP-DBP. Results [mean(SEM]: The AD fed group displayed significant increase in body weight (after 90 days; p Conclusion These data validate our stated hypothesis that systemic inflammation and glycemia influence circadian blood pressure variability. This study, for the first time, demonstrates a cause and effect relationship between caloric excess, enhanced systemic inflammation, dysglycemia, loss of blood pressure control and abnormal CBPV. Our results provide the fundamental basis for examining the relationship between dysglycemia and perturbation of the underlying mechanisms (adipose tissue dysfunction induced local and systemic inflammation, insulin resistance and alteration of adipose tissue precursors for the renin-aldosterone-angiotensin system which generate abnormal CBPV.

  3. Relationship between outdoor temperature and blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halonen, Jaana I; Zanobetti, Antonella; Sparrow, David; Vokonas, Pantel S; Schwartz, Joel

    2011-04-01

    Cardiovascular mortality has been linked to changes in outdoor temperature. However, the mechanisms behind these effects are not well established. We aimed to study the effect of outdoor temperature on blood pressure, as increased blood pressure is a risk factor for cardiovascular death. The study population consisted of men aged 53-100 years living in the Boston area. We used a mixed effects model to estimate the effect of three temperature variables: ambient, apparent and dew point temperature (DPT), on repeated measures (every 3-5 years) of diastolic (DBP) and systolic blood pressure (SBP). Random intercepts for subjects and several possible confounders were used in the models, including black carbon and barometric pressure. We found modest associations between DBP and ambient and apparent temperature. In the basic models, DBP in association with a 5 °C decrease in 7-day moving averages of temperatures increased by 1.01% (95% CI -0.06% to 2.09%) and 1.55% (95% CI 0.61% to 2.49%) for ambient and apparent temperature, respectively. Excluding extreme temperatures strengthened these associations (2.13%, 95% CI 0.66% to 3.63%, and 1.65%, 95% CI 0.41% to 2.90%, for ambient and apparent temperature, respectively). Effect estimates for DPT were close to null. The effect of apparent temperature on SBP was similar (1.30% increase (95% CI 0.32% to 2.29%) for a 5 °C decrease in 7-day moving average). Cumulative exposure to decreasing ambient and apparent temperature may increase blood pressure. These findings suggest that an increase in blood pressure could be a mechanism behind cold-related, but not heat-related, cardiovascular mortality.

  4. Blood pressure modifies retinal susceptibility to intraocular pressure elevation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng He

    Full Text Available Primary open angle glaucoma affects more than 67 million people. Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP is a risk factor for glaucoma and may reduce nutrient availability by decreasing ocular perfusion pressure (OPP. An interaction between arterial blood pressure and IOP determines OPP; but the exact contribution that these factors have for retinal function is not fully understood. Here we sought to determine how acute modifications of arterial pressure will affect the susceptibility of neuronal function and blood flow to IOP challenge. Anaesthetized (ketamine:xylazine Long-Evan rats with low (∼60 mmHg, sodium nitroprusside infusion, moderate (∼100 mmHg, saline, or high levels (∼160 mmHg, angiotensin II of mean arterial pressure (MAP, n = 5-10 per group were subjected to IOP challenge (10-120 mmHg, 5 mmHg steps every 3 minutes. Electroretinograms were measured at each IOP step to assess bipolar cell (b-wave and inner retinal function (scotopic threshold response or STR. Ocular blood flow was measured using laser-Doppler flowmetry in groups with similar MAP level and the same IOP challenge protocol. Both b-wave and STR amplitudes decreased with IOP elevation. Retinal function was less susceptible to IOP challenge when MAP was high, whereas the converse was true for low MAP. Consistent with the effects on retinal function, higher IOP was needed to attenuated ocular blood flow in animals with higher MAP. The susceptibility of retinal function to IOP challenge can be ameliorated by acute high BP, and exacerbated by low BP. This is partially mediated by modifications in ocular blood flow.

  5. Association between blood Pressure, waist circumference ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: Blood pressure (BP) is one of the main cardiovascular risk indicators, but studies on its relationship with waist circumference, triglycerides and cholesterol are rare in low and middle income countries and even non-existent in some areas like the north of Cameroon. The aim of our study was to determine the ...

  6. Economic evaluation of home blood pressure telemonitoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Line Bille; Christiansen, Terkel; Kirkegaard, Peder

    2011-01-01

    Aims. The purpose of the present study was to compare the costs of home blood pressure (BP) telemonitoring (HBPM) with the costs of conventional office BP monitoring. In a randomized controlled trial, 105 hypertensive patients performed HBPM and 118 patients received usual care with conventional...

  7. Blood pressure and anthropometric measurements in healthy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    To describe blood pressure and its relationship to weight and height in healthy newly enrolled school entrants in. Jos, Plateau State ... 10.0) mmHg, respectively, and were significantly higher in private school pupils compared with public school pupils (97.1 (SD ..... as young as 5 years of age.12 Gender and race do not have.

  8. Ethnic Variations in Blood Pressure and Hypertension

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.O. Agyemang (Charles)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThe objective of the study was to review published evidence on whether blood pressure levels and the prevalence of hypertension are higher or lower in South Asian adults living in the UK as compared to white populations. A systematic literature review was carried out using MEDLINE

  9. Renoprotection with and without blood pressure reduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laverman, GD; Andersen, S; Rossing, P; Navis, G; de Zeeuw, D; Parving, HH

    Background. AT1-receptor blockade dose dependently lowers blood pressure (BP) and albuminuria. Reduction of BP and albuminuria are independent treatment targets for renoprotection, but whether this requires similar dose titration is unknown. Methods. We tested this in two studies designed to find

  10. Blood Pressure and Electrocardiographic changes During Face ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The cardiovascular responses in non-exercising and regularly exercising young men (22.0-32.0 yr) to breath-holding and face immersion in water at 210C or 400C is reported. The possibility of a myocardial oxygen conserving effect of face immersion in water is also investigated. Blood Pressure (BP) and ...

  11. Fruits and vegetables moderate blood pressure, fibrinogen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fruits and vegetables contain vital components such as potassium, antioxidants, vitamins and folic acid that might contribute to lowering blood pressure which is a major risk factor in cardiovascular disorders. However, the results of the few investigations on the correlation between intake of fruits and vegetables and ...

  12. Caffeine: How Does It Affect Blood Pressure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... caffeine. If you plan to cut back on caffeine, do so gradually over several days to a week to avoid withdrawal headaches. With Sheldon G. Sheps, M.D. References Papakonstantinou E, et al. Acute effects of coffee consumption on self-reported gastrointestinal symptoms, blood pressure and ...

  13. Vegetarian diet, blood pressure and cardiovascular risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouse, I L; Beilin, L J; Armstrong, B K; Vandongen, R

    1984-08-01

    This paper reviews the association between a vegetarian diet and a number of risk factors for cardiovascular disease investigated in a series of epidemiological and experimental studies. Ninety-eight Seventh-day Adventist "vegetarians" were similar to 113 Mormon omnivores for strength of religious affiliation, consumption of alcohol, tea and coffee and use of tobacco, but were significantly less obese and had significantly lower blood pressures adjusted for age, height and weight. A random sample of forty-seven Adventist vegetarians had significantly lower home blood pressures, serum cholesterol levels and blood pressure responses to a cold-pressor test than Mormon omnivores carefully matched for age, sex and Quetelet's index. In a controlled dietary intervention study mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures and serum cholesterol fell significantly during feeding with a vegetarian diet--an effect unrelated to changes in other lifestyle factors. Dietary analysis indicated that a vegetarian diet provided more polyunsaturated fat, fibre, vitamin C, vitamin E, magnesium, calcium and potassium and significantly less total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol than an omnivore diet. There was no evidence for a difference between vegetarians and omnivores in levels of catecholamines, plasma renin activity, angiotensin II, cortisol or serum and urinary prostanoids.

  14. Asymptomatic proteinuria and elevated blood pressure among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    All the participants had their urine examined for protein using the combo- 9 (Midi test) according to manufacturer's specification. Their blood pressure was measured after at least five minutes of rest in seated position using mercury sphygmomanometer, (Accoson® DEKAMET, MK.3 England). Data was analysed using SPSS ...

  15. Dietary protein, blood pressure and mortality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tielemans, S.M.A.J.

    2016-01-01

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main cause of death worldwide. In 2012, about 17.5 million people died from CVD, accounting for 30% of all deaths. High blood pressure (BP) is a major cardiovascular risk factor, which was responsible for 10.4 million deaths in 2013. Diet and lifestyle play an

  16. Teaming Up Against High Blood Pressure

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-09-04

    This podcast is based on the September 2012 CDC Vital Signs report. A team-based approach by patients, health care systems, and health care providers is one of the best ways to treat uncontrolled high blood pressure.  Created: 9/4/2012 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 9/4/2012.

  17. Neighborhood Disadvantage and Variations in Blood Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cathorall, Michelle L.; Xin, Huaibo; Peachey, Andrew; Bibeau, Daniel L.; Schulz, Mark; Aronson, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the extent to which neighborhood disadvantage accounts for variation in blood pressure. Methods: Demographic, biometric, and self-reported data from 19,261 health screenings were used. Addresses of participants were geocoded and located within census block groups (n = 14,510, 75.3%). Three hierarchical linear models were…

  18. High Blood Pressure: MedlinePlus Health Topic

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Disease Education Program) What Is High Blood Pressure? (American Heart Association) Symptoms What Are the Signs, Symptoms, and Complications ... Lung, and Blood Institute) Shaking the Salt Habit (American Heart Association) Understanding Blood Pressure Readings (American Heart Association) Related ...

  19. Stress and High Blood Pressure: What's the Connection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stress and high blood pressure: What's the connection? Stress and long-term high blood pressure may not be linked, but taking steps to reduce your stress can improve your general health, including your blood ...

  20. Blood pressure control for diabetic retinopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Do, Diana V; Wang, Xue; Vedula, Satyanarayana S; Marrone, Michael; Sleilati, Gina; Hawkins, Barbara S; Frank, Robert N

    2015-01-31

    Diabetic retinopathy is a common complication of diabetes and a leading cause of visual impairment and blindness. Research has established the importance of blood glucose control to prevent development and progression of the ocular complications of diabetes. Simultaneous blood pressure control has been advocated for the same purpose, but findings reported from individual studies have supported varying conclusions regarding the ocular benefit of interventions on blood pressure. The primary aim of this review was to summarize the existing evidence regarding the effect of interventions to control or reduce blood pressure levels among diabetics on incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy, preservation of visual acuity, adverse events, quality of life, and costs. A secondary aim was to compare classes of anti-hypertensive medications with respect to the same outcomes. We searched a number of electronic databases including CENTRAL as well as ongoing trial registries. We last searched the electronic databases on 25 April 2014. We also reviewed reference lists of review articles and trial reports selected for inclusion. In addition, we contacted investigators of trials with potentially pertinent data. We included in this review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in which either type 1 or type 2 diabetic participants, with or without hypertension, were assigned randomly to intense versus less intense blood pressure control, to blood pressure control versus usual care or no intervention on blood pressure, or to different classes of anti-hypertensive agents versus placebo. Pairs of review authors independently reviewed titles and abstracts from electronic and manual searches and the full text of any document that appeared to be relevant. We assessed included trials independently for risk of bias with respect to outcomes reported in this review. We extracted data regarding trial characteristics, incidence and progression of retinopathy, visual acuity, quality of life

  1. Oscillometric blood pressure measurements: A signal analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbé, K.; Van Moer, W.; Lauwers, L.

    2010-07-01

    In this paper, the oscillometric waveform measured by automatic non-invasive blood pressure meters (NIBP) is analyzed by transforming the data from the time domain to the frequency domain. The signal's spectrum of the oscillometric waveform is in current literature badly understood or explored. The only known link between the oscillometric waveform and the blood pressure is the maximum of the oscillometry's envelope equalling the mean arterial pressure (MAP). This link is established under the assumption that the oscillometry is an AM-signal. Unfortunately, computing the MAP is difficult in practice due to the non-sinusoidal nature of the actual measured signals. In this paper, we construct the best AM-signal approximation of the oscillometry and explore its use to compute the MAP.

  2. Self-monitoring and blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparacino, J; Ronchi, D; Bigley, T K; Flesch, A L; Kuhn, J W

    1983-02-01

    The association between self-monitoring (regulation and control of nonverbal and expressive behavior) and blood pressure was examined in a field study of 594 municipal employees. For persons not taking antihypertensive medication, the Acting/Extraversion scale was mildly positively associated with resting blood pressure among whites in general, blue collar, clerical, and professional groups. Stronger positive correlations were obtained for attorneys and customer service representatives. These results are contrasted with slightly negative associations for blacks in general, first-level supervisors, and a group of previously studied union stewards. An interactive effect was also obtained between Acting/Extraversion and relative participation in work versus nonwork groups and activities; Acting/Extraversion and systolic pressure were inversely related for employees more active in extrawork groups but not related among other workers. Differential consequences of greater or lesser interpersonal involvement and emotional regulation in different jobs are considered.

  3. [Elevated blood pressure as cardiovascular risk factor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowalewski, Wiesław; Hebel, Kazimiera

    2013-01-01

    Cardiovascular diseases for decades have been and still are the main and current health problem of the Polish society and there are many reasons for these diseases. Hypertension is one of the major risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease. The factors significantly increasing risk the of cardiovascular disease are in addition to high blood pressure, smoking (also passive), high blood fats (cholesterol and its HDL, LDL fractions as well as triglyceride levels, obesity, lack of exercise, diabetes and hereditary features. Other important factors which play an important role are external factors such as e.g. environmental pollution, lifestyle, stress. Prediction of cardiovascular disease should start from the evaluation of the fetal period because low birth weight may be a risk of coronary heart disease, hypertension, obesity or diabetes in adulthood. The authors of the referred tests showed that the level of blood pressure observed during childhood is closely associated with the level of blood pressure in adults and is also dependent on the body weight. Since the issue of the effects of high pressure on the cardiovascular system is inherent in the issue of the metabolic syndrome, it should be mentioned also that another causative factor may be an irregularity in the removal of urine from the body and the amount of insulin. The control of hypertension is a complex problem, at least in view of the wide range of adverse factors affecting the human body: hypertension is often either a constituent of other lesions. Therefore, it is difficult to treat high blood pressure in the strict sense; more often it is a combination therapy based on pharmacology caused for other reasons.

  4. Peripheral blood pressure by Dinamap and central blood pressure by applanation tonometry in outpatient general practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago, Luiz Miguel; Simões, Ana Rita; Ricardo Miranda, Paula; Matias, Catarina; Rosendo, Inês; Constantino, Liliana; Santos, Tiago; Neto, Maria da Glória; Francisco, Maria dos Prazeres

    2013-06-01

    Central blood pressure (CBP) is the pressure exerted by the blood column at any given moment on the aortic and carotid artery walls, which is a close proxy for the blood pressure inside the brain and the heart, and is thus a better marker of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than peripheral blood pressure (PBP). To assess how the augmentation index (AI), peripheral pulse pressure (pPP), central pulse pressure (cPP) and subendocardial viability ratio (SEVR) vary in hypertensive patients according to level of control of CBP and PBP. We performed an observational, cross-sectional study in a convenience sample from a general practice in Central Portugal over a period of four days in May 2010. Measurements were taken after a four-minute resting period. The following values were considered to reflect controlled pressures: PBP blood pressure, CBP, pPP and cPP; the same was true of those with controlled CBP, who also had a significantly better AI. The percentage of the cardiac cycle in diastole had a desirable value for 92,2% of the subjects. Copyright © 2011 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  5. Renoprotection with and without blood pressure reduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laverman, Gozewijn Dirk; Andersen, Steen; Rossing, Peter

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: AT1-receptor blockade dose dependently lowers blood pressure (BP) and albuminuria. Reduction of BP and albuminuria are independent treatment targets for renoprotection, but whether this requires similar dose titration is unknown. METHODS: We tested this in two studies designed to find...... arterial pressure (MAP) were measured. Patients were divided into "good" and "poor" BP responders (BP+, BP-) according to BP response above or below group median. RESULTS: Baseline MAP in the BP- groups was 102 (97, 104) mm Hg in DM (median, 95% CI) and 91 (80, 108) mm Hg in ND. The top of the dose...

  6. Worldwide trends in blood pressure from 1975 to 2015

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overvad, Kim

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Raised blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease. We estimated worldwide trends in mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure, and the prevalence of, and number of people with, raised blood pressure, defined as systolic blood...... pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher. METHODS: For this analysis, we pooled national, subnational, or community population-based studies that had measured blood pressure in adults aged 18 years and older. We used a Bayesian hierarchical model to estimate trends...... from 1975 to 2015 in mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure, and the prevalence of raised blood pressure for 200 countries. We calculated the contributions of changes in prevalence versus population growth and ageing to the increase in the number of adults with raised blood pressure. FINDINGS...

  7. Effects of endurance training on blood pressure, blood pressure-regulating mechanisms, and cardiovascular risk factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornelissen, Véronique A; Fagard, Robert H

    2005-10-01

    Previous meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials on the effects of chronic dynamic aerobic endurance training on blood pressure reported on resting blood pressure only. Our aim was to perform a comprehensive meta-analysis including resting and ambulatory blood pressure, blood pressure-regulating mechanisms, and concomitant cardiovascular risk factors. Inclusion criteria of studies were: random allocation to intervention and control; endurance training as the sole intervention; inclusion of healthy sedentary normotensive or hypertensive adults; intervention duration of > or =4 weeks; availability of systolic or diastolic blood pressure; and publication in a peer-reviewed journal up to December 2003. The meta-analysis involved 72 trials, 105 study groups, and 3936 participants. After weighting for the number of trained participants and using a random-effects model, training induced significant net reductions of resting and daytime ambulatory blood pressure of, respectively, 3.0/2.4 mm Hg (Ppressure was more pronounced in the 30 hypertensive study groups (-6.9/-4.9) than in the others (-1.9/-1.6; Ppressure through a reduction of vascular resistance, in which the sympathetic nervous system and the renin-angiotensin system appear to be involved, and favorably affects concomitant cardiovascular risk factors.

  8. Health Instruction Packages: How to Take a Blood Pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lancaster, Carolyn; And Others

    Text, illustrations, and exercises are utilized in these four learning modules to teach dental hygiene students, nursing students, and the general public how to measure blood pressure. The first module, "Can You Take a Blood Pressure?" by Carolyn Lancaster, defines blood pressure, distinguishes between systolic and diastolic pressure and…

  9. Ambulatory blood pressure and urinary albumin excretion in clinically healthy subjects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Peter Vilhelm; Jensen, J S; Borch-Johnsen, K

    1998-01-01

    UAER. Because 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure is a superior predictor of hypertensive target organ involvement, we aimed to investigate blood pressure profile in clinically healthy subjects with elevated UAER. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was performed with a portable recorder in 27 subjects...... with an elevated UAER (>6.6 microg/min, overnight urine collection) and 46 normoalbuminuric control subjects. Mean+/-SD systolic and diastolic ambulatory blood pressures (24-hour) were significantly higher in subjects with elevated UAER than in normoalbuminuric controls (134+/-12 versus 128+/-11 mm Hg and 78...

  10. Perinatal development and adult blood pressure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Ashton

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available A growing body of evidence supports the concept of fetal programming in cardiovascular disease in man, which asserts that an insult experienced in utero exerts a long-term influence on cardiovascular function, leading to disease in adulthood. However, this hypothesis is not universally accepted, hence animal models may be of value in determining potential physiological mechanisms which could explain how fetal undernutrition results in cardiovascular disease in later life. This review describes two major animal models of cardiovascular programming, the in utero protein-restricted rat and the cross-fostered spontaneously hypertensive rat. In the former model, moderate maternal protein restriction during pregnancy induces an increase in offspring blood pressure of 20-30 mmHg. This hypertensive effect is mediated, in part, by fetal exposure to excess maternal glucocorticoids as a result of a deficiency in placental 11-ß hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2. Furthermore, nephrogenesis is impaired in this model which, coupled with increased activity of the renin-angiotensin system, could also contribute to the greater blood pressure displayed by these animals. The second model discussed is the cross-fostered spontaneously hypertensive rat. Spontaneously hypertensive rats develop severe hypertension without external intervention; however, their adult blood pressure may be lowered by 20-30 mmHg by cross-fostering pups to a normotensive dam within the first two weeks of lactation. The mechanisms responsible for this antihypertensive effect are less clear, but may also involve altered renal function and down-regulation of the renin-angiotensin system. These two models clearly show that adult blood pressure is influenced by exposure to one of a number of stimuli during critical stages of perinatal development.

  11. Does nicotinic acid (niacin) lower blood pressure?

    OpenAIRE

    Bays, H E; Rader, D.J.

    2009-01-01

    Nicotinic acid (niacin) is a well-established treatment for dyslipidaemia ? an important cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. However, niacin may also reduce blood pressure (BP), which is another important CVD risk factor. This review examines the limited publicly available data on niacin?s BP effects. Acute administration of immediate-release niacin may lower BP because of niacin?s acute vasodilatory effects. Although not always supported by clinical trial data, the package insert of a ...

  12. Renal intercalated cells and blood pressure regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan M. Wall

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Type B and non-A, non-B intercalated cells are found within the connecting tubule and the cortical collecting duct. Of these cell types, type B intercalated cells are known to mediate Cl⁻ absorption and HCO₃⁻ secretion largely through pendrin-dependent Cl⁻/HCO₃⁻ exchange. This exchange is stimulated by angiotensin II administration and is also stimulated in models of metabolic alkalosis, for instance after aldosterone or NaHCO₃ administration. In some rodent models, pendrin-mediated HCO₃⁻ secretion modulates acid-base balance. However, the role of pendrin in blood pressure regulation is likely of more physiological or clinical significance. Pendrin regulates blood pressure not only by mediating aldosterone-sensitive Cl⁻ absorption, but also by modulating the aldosterone response for epithelial Na⁺ channel (ENaC-mediated Na⁺ absorption. Pendrin regulates ENaC through changes in open channel of probability, channel surface density, and channels subunit total protein abundance. Thus, aldosterone stimulates ENaC activity through both direct and indirect effects, the latter occurring through its stimulation of pendrin expression and function. Therefore, pendrin contributes to the aldosterone pressor response. Pendrin may also modulate blood pressure in part through its action in the adrenal medulla, where it modulates the release of catecholamines, or through an indirect effect on vascular contractile force. This review describes how aldosterone and angiotensin II-induced signaling regulate pendrin and the contributory role of pendrin in distal nephron function and blood pressure.

  13. Blood Pressure J-Curve: Current Concepts

    OpenAIRE

    Banach, Maciej; Aronow, Wilbert S.

    2012-01-01

    The blood pressure (BP) J-curve debate started in 1979, and we still cannot definitively answer all the questions. However, available studies of antihypertensive treatment provide strong evidence for J-shaped relationships between both diastolic and systolic BP and main outcomes in the general population of hypertensive patients, as well as in high-risk populations, including subjects with coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular hypertrophy, and elderly patients. However,...

  14. Dietary spermidine for lowering high blood pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenberg, Tobias; Abdellatif, Mahmoud; Zimmermann, Andreas; Schroeder, Sabrina; Pendl, Tobias; Harger, Alexandra; Stekovic, Slaven; Schipke, Julia; Magnes, Christoph; Schmidt, Albrecht; Ruckenstuhl, Christoph; Dammbrueck, Christopher; Gross, Angelina S.; Herbst, Viktoria; Carmona-Gutierrez, Didac; Pietrocola, Federico; Pieber, Thomas R.; Sigrist, Stephan J.; Linke, Wolfgang A.; Mühlfeld, Christian; Sadoshima, Junichi; Dengjel, Joern; Kiechl, Stefan; Kroemer, Guido; Sedej, Simon; Madeo, Frank

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Loss of cardiac macroautophagy/autophagy impairs heart function, and evidence accumulates that an increased autophagic flux may protect against cardiovascular disease. We therefore tested the protective capacity of the natural autophagy inducer spermidine in animal models of aging and hypertension, which both represent major risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. Dietary spermidine elicits cardioprotective effects in aged mice through enhancing cardiac autophagy and mitophagy. In salt-sensitive rats, spermidine supplementation also delays the development of hypertensive heart disease, coinciding with reduced arterial blood pressure. The high blood pressure-lowering effect likely results from improved global arginine bioavailability and protection from hypertension-associated renal damage. The polyamine spermidine is naturally present in human diets, though to a varying amount depending on food type and preparation. In humans, high dietary spermidine intake correlates with reduced blood pressure and decreased risk of cardiovascular disease and related death. Altogether, spermidine represents a cardio- and vascular-protective autophagy inducer that can be readily integrated in common diets. PMID:28118075

  15. Ambulatory blood pressure values in healthy children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paripović Dušan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM is an important tool in the diagnosis and management of childhood hypertension. Normal ambulatory blood pressure (ABP values in children with body heights between 100 and 120 cm have not been reported. The aim of the study was to establish the normal range of values for ABPM in these children. 24-hour ABPM was performed in 40 normotensive (auscultatory casual blood pressure was obtained before ABPM subjects, aged from 4 to 6 years (26 males, 14 females with body heights between 95 and 125 cm. ABPM was carried out on non-dominant arm using the oscillometric device (SpaceLab 90207 with appropriate cuff size. The monitor was programmed to measure BP every 15 min. during the day (6 a.m. to 10 p.m. and every 30 min. during the night (10 p.m. to 6 a.m.. The mean daytime SBP/DBP in boys and girls was 108+/-6/67+/-5 and 105+/-5/66+/-1, respectively. The mean nighttime SBP/DBP in boys and girls was 98+/-6/56+/-5 and 97+/-7/56+/-4, respectively. There was a significant difference between day and night readings of SBP, DBP and heart rate (nocturnal fall was observed. The distribution of ABP noted in this study could serve as preliminary reference. A multicenter study should be performed to provide normal ranges of ABP.

  16. Blood Pressure Control: Stroke and Stroke Prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Christoph Diener

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for primary and secondary stroke prevention.All antihypertensive drugs are effective in primary prevention: the risk reduction for stroke is 30—42%. However, not all classes of drugs have the same effects: there is some indication that angiotensin receptor blockers may be superior to other classes of antihypertensive drugs in stroke prevention.Seventy-five percent of patients who present to hospital with acute stroke have elevated blood pressure within the first 24—48 hours. Extremes of systolic blood pressure (SBP increase the risk of death or dependency. The aim of treatment should be to achieve and maintain the SBP in the range 140—160 mmHg. However, fast and drastic blood pressure lowering can have adverse consequences.The PROGRESS trial of secondary prevention with perindopril + indapamide versus placebo + placebo showed a decrease in numbers of stroke recurrences in patients given both active antihypertensive agents, more impressive for cerebral haemorrhage.There were also indications that active treatment might decrease the development of post-stroke dementia.

  17. Alcohol and its relationship to blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodavali, Lavanya; Townsend, Raymond R

    2006-08-01

    Ethanol is a molecule of enduring research interest because its consumption has important social as well as medical implications. With excessive ethanol consumption, there is higher prevalence for hypertension, stroke, cardiomyopathy, and arrhythmias. A principal mechanism by which ethanol exerts these cardiovascular effects is through modulation of blood pressure. In this article, we focus on recent research that pursues information on the effects of alcohol on blood pressure in human subjects, regardless of whether they have hypertension or not. Known means by which alcohol exerts hemodynamic effects are briefly covered, and insights on novel biomediators, such as endothelin and gene-based mechanisms, are presented. Newer tools, such as the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption Questions (AUDIT-C) survey and carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) serum test, are also covered. Reducing excessive alcohol intake can produce a reduction in blood pressure of up to 4 mm Hg, on average, which could substantially affect the rates of stroke and ischemic heart disease.

  18. Blood pressure j-curve: current concepts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banach, Maciej; Aronow, Wilbert S

    2012-12-01

    The blood pressure (BP) J-curve debate started in 1979, and we still cannot definitively answer all the questions. However, available studies of antihypertensive treatment provide strong evidence for J-shaped relationships between both diastolic and systolic BP and main outcomes in the general population of hypertensive patients, as well as in high-risk populations, including subjects with coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular hypertrophy, and elderly patients. However, further studies are still necessary in order to clarify this issue. This is connected to the fact that most available studies were observational, and randomized trials did not have or lost their statistical power and were inconclusive. Perhaps only the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) and Optimal Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Targets for Preventing Recurrent Stroke in Hypertensives (ESH-CHL-SHOT) will be able to finally answer all the questions. According to the current state of knowledge, it seems reasonable to suggest lowering BP to values within the 130-139/80-85 mmHg range, possibly close to the lower values in this range, in all hypertensive patients and to be very careful with further BP level reductions, especially in high-risk hypertensive patients.

  19. Blood Pressure Measurement: Clinic, Home, Ambulatory, and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drawz, Paul E.; Abdalla, Mohamed; Rahman, Mahboob

    2014-01-01

    Blood pressure has traditionally been measured in the clinic setting using the auscultory method and a mercury sphygmomanometer. Technological advances have led to improvements in measuring clinic blood pressure and allowed for measuring blood pressures outside the clinic. This review outlines various methods for evaluating blood pressure and the clinical utility of each type of measurement. Home blood pressures and 24 hour ambulatory blood pressures have improved our ability to evaluate risk for target organ damage and hypertension related morbidity and mortality. Measuring home blood pressures may lead to more active participation in health care by patients and has the potential to improve blood pressure control. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring enables the measuring nighttime blood pressures and diurnal changes, which may be the most accurate predictors of risk associated with elevated blood pressure. Additionally, reducing nighttime blood pressure is feasible and may be an important component of effective antihypertensive therapy. Finally, estimating central aortic pressures and pulse wave velocity are two of the newer methods for assessing blood pressure and hypertension related target organ damage. PMID:22521624

  20. Blood pressure control for diabetic retinopathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Do, Diana V; Wang, Xue; Vedula, Satyanarayana S; Marrone, Michael; Sleilati, Gina; Hawkins, Barbara S; Frank, Robert N

    2015-01-01

    Background Diabetic retinopathy is a common complication of diabetes and a leading cause of visual impairment and blindness. Research has established the importance of blood glucose control to prevent development and progression of the ocular complications of diabetes. Simultaneous blood pressure control has been advocated for the same purpose, but findings reported from individual studies have supported varying conclusions regarding the ocular benefit of interventions on blood pressure. Objectives The primary aim of this review was to summarize the existing evidence regarding the effect of interventions to control or reduce blood pressure levels among diabetics on incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy, preservation of visual acuity, adverse events, quality of life, and costs. A secondary aim was to compare classes of anti-hypertensive medications with respect to the same outcomes. Search methods We searched a number of electronic databases including CENTRAL as well as ongoing trial registries. We last searched the electronic databases on 25 April 2014. We also reviewed reference lists of review articles and trial reports selected for inclusion. In addition, we contacted investigators of trials with potentially pertinent data. Selection criteria We included in this review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in which either type 1 or type 2 diabetic participants, with or without hypertension, were assigned randomly to intense versus less intense blood pressure control, to blood pressure control versus usual care or no intervention on blood pressure, or to different classes of anti-hypertensive agents versus placebo. Data collection and analysis Pairs of review authors independently reviewed titles and abstracts from electronic and manual searches and the full text of any document that appeared to be relevant. We assessed included trials independently for risk of bias with respect to outcomes reported in this review. We extracted data regarding trial