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Sample records for professor alexander abashian

  1. Professor Alexander Zawadzki of Lvov university – Gregor Mendel’s mentor and inspirer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szybalski W.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available It is generally agreed that Johann Gregor Mendel (1822–1884 is the undisputed father of genetics, the study of heredity that is fundamental to our understanding of all living things. However, as a geneticist and engineer, strongly influenced by my teachers in Lvov and Gdansk, in Copenhagen and in Cold Spring Harbor (NY, I have always wondered how it was possible for Mendel to be such an independent thinker while not having a mentor who could have guided his creative and analytical thinking. Was there anybody in Mendel’s life who could have played this role? At the very least, did he get any opportunity to discuss his experimental designs with some colleague or to receive any help from a mentor or a friend in analyzing his results? The purpose in preparing this essay is to bring to light a long neglected story of how an «obscure Polish Professor from Lvov University», Alexander Zawadzki, played a critical role in helping an «obscure Austrian monk», Gregor Mendel, to create the discipline of genetics.

  2. Tartu ülikooli Vene ajaloo professor Alexander Brückner (1834-1896) / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    Alexander Brückneri elust, vaadetest, loomingust ja perekonnast. Alexander Brücknerist kui Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi liikmest. Tartu Ülikooli vene ajaloo õppejõududest. Lühidalt Tartust pärit vene ajaloo uurijast Ernst Adolf Herrmannist

  3. Alexander Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... may be other genetic or perhaps even non-genetic causes of Alexander disease. Current research is aimed at understanding the mechanisms by which the mutations cause disease, developing better animal models for the disorder, and exploring potential strategies ...

  4. Genetics Home Reference: Alexander disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Email Facebook Twitter Home Health Conditions Alexander disease Alexander disease Printable PDF Open All Close All Enable Javascript to view the expand/collapse boxes. Description Alexander disease is a rare disorder of the nervous system. ...

  5. Herman Alexander Röell

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Sluis, Jacob

    1988-01-01

    Leven en werk van Herman Alexander Röell (1653-1718), hoogleraar aan de universiteiten te Franeker en te Utrecht; zijn cartesiaanse theologie leidde tot hevige protesten vanuit gereformeerde orthodoxie.

  6. Alexander Street goes open access

    OpenAIRE

    Parker, David; Makowski, Jenna

    2016-01-01

    This article describes two complementary OA (open access) initiatives launching in 2016 at Alexander Street. Contributing Collections will see 10% of all revenue generated dedicated to digitizing and making OA important archives. Premium Services offer member libraries the opportunity to upload and make OA locally generated content. While this article focuses on the discipline of anthropology, Alexander Street will extend these two models into history, music and theater later in 2016. 

  7. Alexander Street goes open access

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Parker

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article describes two complementary OA (open access initiatives launching in 2016 at Alexander Street. Contributing Collections will see 10% of all revenue generated dedicated to digitizing and making OA important archives. Premium Services offer member libraries the opportunity to upload and make OA locally generated content. While this article focuses on the discipline of anthropology, Alexander Street will extend these two models into history, music and theater later in 2016.

  8. Interview with Alexander Cohen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Alexander Ander

    2017-05-01

    Ander Cohen speaks to Adam Price-Evans, Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology: Alexander (Ander) Cohen MBBS (Hons), MSc, MD, FRACP is a vascular physician and epidemiologist at Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital, King's College (London, UK). He graduated with honors in medicine and honors in surgery from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and became a fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians in 1990. He was awarded an MSc in Epidemiology from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London in 1991 with a thesis on the metabolic syndrome in South-Asian populations. In 1998, he was awarded an MD with a thesis on the epidemiology of venous thromboembolism and thromboprophylaxis. In addition to his clinical work, he is involved in designing, managing and analyzing clinical trials from Phase I to IV. He is the Chairman and a member of many international steering committees for multicenter trials, epidemiological and pharmacoeconomic studies, and was previously the Director of Clinical Research and an Epidemiologist in Thrombosis Research at King's College Hospital.

  9. Not a rainbow but a river prospects for a nonracial future | Alexander ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    At the time of writing in 2001, the late South African educator Neville Alexander was directing the Project for the Study of Alternative Education in South Africa at the University of Cape Town. Mahmood Mamdani was (and is) the Herbert Lehman Professor of Government at the School of International and Public Affairs and ...

  10. Fibred knots and twisted Alexander invariants

    OpenAIRE

    Cha, Jae Choon

    2001-01-01

    We introduce a new algebraic topological technique to detect non-fibred knots in the three sphere using the twisted Alexander invariants. As an application, we show that for any Seifert matrix of a knot with a nontrivial Alexander polynomial, there exist infinitely many non-fibered knots with the given Seifert matrix. We illustrate examples of knots that have trivial Alexander polynomials but do not have twisted Alexander invariants of fibred knots.

  11. Alexander duals of multipermutohedron ideals

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    for all the multigraded Betti numbers of an Alexander dual of multipermutohedron ideals are also obtained. ... the permutohedron ideal I(1, 2,...,n) with respect to n = (n, n, . . . , n) is given by. I(1, 2,...,n). [n] = 〈. (∏ .... of the Betti numbers of multipermutohedron ideals and characterization of minimality of the cellular resolution ...

  12. Neurocognitive decline in Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Restrepo, June; Bernardin, Linda; Hammeke, Thomas

    2011-10-01

    Alexander disease is a neurological condition associated with prominent white matter deterioration. Its rarity and relatively rapid disease course have provided limited understanding into the cognitive effects of the illness. We report the serial neuropsychological findings of a 21-year-old with normal development and no medical history until age 9, when he experienced refractory sinusitis, stabbing headaches with vertigo, disorientation, and decline in academic and social settings. An MRI scan of the brain found acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis, with a preponderance of white matter degeneration in the bilateral frontal lobes. Interval MRIs showed continued degeneration. Confirmation of Alexander disease was made at age 20 through genetic testing. Four evaluations completed from ages 15 to 21 showed impairment across all cognitive domains. Cognitive deficits were most prominent in new learning and recent memory, executive functions, and fine motor dexterity, and less apparent in information processing and visual scanning speed. These results present evidence for a particular cognitive pattern in individuals with juvenile-onset Alexander disease. Despite extensive white matter degeneration in the frontal lobes, certain tasks associated with frontal lobe integrity were relatively preserved. Further research into the neuropsychological presentation of the subtypes of Alexander disease can enhance diagnostic clarity and treatment planning.

  13. Alexander technique for chronic asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennis, Jane A; Cates, Christopher J

    2012-09-12

    'The Alexander technique' is a taught form of physical therapy involving a series of movements designed to correct posture and bring the body into natural alignment with the object of helping it to function efficiently, and is reported to aid relaxation. Some practitioners claim benefits for those who desire greater ease and efficiency of breathing, including asthmatics. The objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of the Alexander technique in people with chronic, stable asthma. We searched the Cochrane Airways Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field trials register and the bibliographies of relevant articles. The most recent search was run in June 2012. Randomised controlled trials of Alexander technique (AT) for the improvement of the symptoms of chronic, stable asthma, comparing the treatment with either another intervention or no intervention. No trials were found that met the selection criteria. No meta-analysis could be performed. Robust, well-designed randomised controlled trials are required in order to test claims by practitioners that AT can have a positive effect on the symptoms of chronic asthma and thereby help people with asthma to reduce medication.

  14. Alexander disease: diagnosis with MR imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Knaap, M. S.; Naidu, S.; Breiter, S. N.; Blaser, S.; Stroink, H.; Springer, S.; Begeer, J. C.; van Coster, R.; Barth, P. G.; Thomas, N. H.; Valk, J.; Powers, J. M.

    2001-01-01

    To date, the demonstration of Rosenthal fibers on brain biopsy or autopsy specimens is considered a prerequisite for a definitive diagnosis of Alexander disease. We initiated a multiinstitutional survey of MR abnormalities in both presumed and confirmed cases of Alexander disease to assess the

  15. Alexander disease : Diagnosis with MR imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Knaap, MS; Naidu, S; Breiter, SN; Blaser, S; Stroink, H; Spinger, S; Begeer, JC; van Coster, R; Barth, PG; Thomas, NH; Powers, JM; Valk, J.

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To date, the demonstration of Rosenthal fibers on brain biopsy or autopsy specimens is considered a prerequisite for a definitive diagnosis of Alexander disease. We initiated a multiinstitutional survey of MR abnormalities in both presumed and confirmed cases of Alexander

  16. Dancers' Application of the Alexander Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortin, Sylvie; Girard, Fernande

    2005-01-01

    This qualitative study describes the experience of professional contemporary dancers studying and applying the Alexander Technique to their dancing. This study was motivated by: 1. years of teaching both dance and somatics, 2. a strong desire to better understand how the Alexander Technique can be applied by dancers, and 3. a gap that the…

  17. The Alexander Technique: An Acting Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Sarah A.

    2002-01-01

    Notes the discrepancy between students' use of the Alexander Technique in class and on stage. Discusses three fundamental self-use objectives of the Alexander Technique: the reduction of excess physical compression and muscularity; the unification of body/voice and thought; and the expansion of the field of attention. Demonstrates how each…

  18. Alexander William Bickerton: New Zealand’s First Astrophysicist?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmore, Gerard F.

    Alexander Bickerton (1842-1929) is of interest to the student of New Zealand astronomical history in several ways. He was the first Professor at Canterbury University College, and had a significant effect on the early development of the University; he was a prominent and successful teacher, Ernest Rutherford being his most famous student; he was a social activist in Victorian Christchurch, eventually establishing a small commune; and he was the originator of the stellar collision theory of novae and other astronomical phenomena. This chapter, which is a slightly revised version of Gilmore (Southern Stars, 29, 87-108, 1982), provides a summary of Bickerton's life and theories, and a bibliography for further reading.

  19. Juvenile alexander disease: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozkaya, Halit; Akcan, Abdullah Baris; Aydemir, Gokhan; Kul, Mustafa; Aydinoz, Secil; Karademir, Ferhan; Suleymanoglu, Selami

    2012-04-01

    Alexander disease is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that is characterized by degeneration of the white matter in the central nervous system. Alexander disease is a leukodystrophy that is usually observed in early childhood but rarely in adults. It is characterized by megalencephaly, demyelinization and multiple Rosenthal fibers. Specific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and genetic investigations are necessary to diagnose the disorder. Signs of leukodystrophy were found in the bilateral white matter on a brain MRI of our four-year-old patient. He had megalencephaly since birth. We use this case to discuss Alexander disease.

  20. Did Alexander the Great read Xenophon?

    OpenAIRE

    McGroarty, Kieran

    2006-01-01

    It has been assumed by writers, ancient and modern, that Xenophon’s literary output had a direct influence on Alexander the Great. But is there any evidence to prove that it did? In spite of the paucity of references to Xenophon in the surviving Alexander sources, many writers, both ancient and modern, have no doubts concerning the influence of Xenophon’s writings on Alexander. An extreme position is suggested by Eunapius, the sophist and historian born at Sardis c. AD 345, when he says in hi...

  1. An unusual presentation of juvenile Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osorio, Maria Joana; Risen, Sarah; Alper, Gulay

    2012-04-01

    Alexander disease is a rare leukodystrophy that most often presents in infancy but also includes neonatal, juvenile, and adult variants. Juvenile Alexander disease presents primarily with bulbar symptoms between 2 and 12 years of age. The diagnosis is often suggested by the clinical course and brain magnetic resonance image pattern and then confirmed by the presence of a mutation in the glial fibrillary acidic protein gene. A young girl presented with globus sensation and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed abnormalities mainly involving white matter tracts of the medulla oblongata and cerebellum. The presence of a mutation in the glial fibrillary acidic protein gene confirmed the diagnosis of juvenile Alexander disease. A high index of clinical suspicion is necessary for the diagnosis of late-onset presentations of Alexander disease.

  2. Myelin changes in Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Pinedo, U; Duran-Moreno, M; Sirerol-Piquer, S; Matias-Guiu, J

    2017-03-22

    Alexander disease (AxD) is a type of leukodystrophy. Its pathological basis, along with myelin loss, is the appearance of Rosenthal bodies, which are cytoplasmic inclusions in astrocytes. Mutations in the gene coding for GFAP have been identified as a genetic basis for AxD. However, the mechanism by which these variants produce the disease is not understood. The most widespread hypothesis is that AxD develops when a gain of function mutation causes an increase in GFAP. However, this mechanism does not explain myelin loss, given that experimental models in which GFAP expression is normal or mutated do not exhibit myelin disorders. This review analyses other possibilities that may explain this alteration, such as epigenetic or inflammatory alterations, presence of NG2 (+) - GFAP (+) cells, or post-translational modifications in GFAP that are unrelated to increased expression. The different hypotheses analysed here may explain the myelin alteration affecting these patients, and multiple mechanisms may coexist. These theories raise the possibility of designing therapies based on these mechanisms. Copyright © 2017 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  3. Discuss: If Essays Are Dead, Then Where Does That Leave Everything Else? A Response to: Shirley Alexander's "Buying Essays: How to Make Sure Assessment Is Authentic"

    Science.gov (United States)

    McQueen, Kelvin

    2015-01-01

    Professor Shirley Alexander is the Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Vice-President (Teaching, Learning & Equity) at the University of Technology, Sydney. On 12 November 2014, an article of hers appeared in "The Conversation": "Buying essays: how to make sure assessment is authentic." That article traverses, in an abbreviated way,…

  4. Obituary: Donald Alexander Macrae, 1916-2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaquist, E. R.

    2007-12-01

    With the passing of Donald Alexander MacRae on 6 December 2006 at age 90, the astronomy community lost a visionary scientist and a great educator in the field. Don MacRae was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 19 February 1916, to Donald Alexander and Laura Geddes (Barnstead) MacRae. His father was originally a classics scholar and preceptor of Greek and Latin at Princeton, but at the time of Don's birth in 1916 he was Dean of the Dalhousie Law School in Halifax. The family moved to Toronto, Ontario, in 1924 when his father joined the faculty of Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto as a Professor of Law. After the family moved to Toronto, where he received most of his early education, he obtained his undergraduate degree in Mathematics and Physics in 1937 from the University of Toronto (U of T). He obtained the degree of A.M. in 1940 and of Ph.D. in 1943 from Harvard University under the mentorship of Bart Bok in the field of galactic structure. During his early career he worked briefly at the University of Pennsylvania, Cornell University, and Carbide and Chemical Corporation at Oak Ridge, Tennessee. For Don the latter work was a brief and somewhat uneasy association with the Manhattan Project. In 1946, he obtained a position at Case Institute of Technology (now Case Western Reserve University), where he worked until 1953. In 1953, he accepted a position at the U of T, replacing Ralph Williamson, who had earlier introduced Don to the emerging field of radio astronomy while they both were at Cornell. Don's primary research field was stellar spectroscopy, but his interests were much broader than this, and he possessed an abiding ability to interest students and faculty in new and emerging ideas. In the early 1960s he developed a strong interest in the nature and origin of the lunar surface, and discussed these extensively with colleagues. Many of his ideas on this subject were later confirmed by the lunar exploration program. Don's continuing interest in radio astronomy

  5. Roles of emeriti professors

    OpenAIRE

    Thody, Angela

    2008-01-01

    Emeritus Professor Angela Thody commenced a study of emeriti professors in 2006 when she herself had become an emeritus in 2003 and was seeking to establish an Association for emeriti at her university at Lincoln. By 2008, the literature review was finished and a pilot study of emeriti professors at Leicester University was underway. This presentation was one of several to the University of Lincoln's College of Professors to encourage their support for the formation of the association and to ...

  6. PROFESSOR ENSERMU KELBESSA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-08-14

    Aug 14, 2016 ... University, Sweden in 1990. Although still very young, Professor Ensermu Kelbessa joined the Addis Ababa. University's Biology Department as a graduate assistant in 1979. He then went on to serve the university in various positions including: Lecturer, Assistant Professor, Associate. Professor and, finally ...

  7. Obituary: Walter Alexander Feibelman, 1930-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oergerle, William

    2005-12-01

    Walter Alexander Feibelman, 79, an astronomer who discovered the E-ring of Saturn, died of a heart attack 19 November 2004 at his home at Riderwood Village in Silver Spring, Maryland. Walter was born 30 October 1925 in Berlin, Germany to Bernard and Dora Feibelman. He came to the United States with his parents in 1941. They were some of the last German Jews to flee Nazi Germany. Years later, he reported his experiences in an account contributed to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. As a youth, he worked at a cleaning shop and as a soda jerk before taking a course in tool and die making. He worked at the Abbey Photo Corp. in New York and in a model-making firm, where he constructed models of aircraft for use in identification courses by the Army Air Forces. After high school, he attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology and received his BS degree in 1956. Until 1969, he was a research scientist at the University of Pittsburgh. While working as an assistant research professor in physics and astronomy at the University of Pittsburgh in 1967, he examined a photo of Saturn taken a year earlier at the university's Allegheny Observatory. The E-ring -- unlike the bright main rings, A, B, C, D and F -- is faint and not easily spotted. He paired his observation with calculations and announced his discovery, which remained unconfirmed until the Pioneer 11 flyby in 1979. Walter joined the Optical Astronomy Division of Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt in 1969, and worked there until 2002, when he became an emeritus astronomer at NASA. He became associated with the International Ultraviolet Explorer project, and worked on developing detectors for the orbiting observatory's spectrograph. The project turned out to be one of NASA's most successful observatories, operating from 1978 to 1996. In his scientific career, he published more than 200 refereed articles, mainly on hot stars and planetary nebulae. He also wrote papers in the fields of photography, spectroscopy

  8. Professor Volker Claus: vom o. Professor zum e-Professor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunzenhäuser, Rul; Taras, Christiane; Wörner, Michael

    Der Beitrag würdigt das Wirken von Professor Claus auf Gebieten des rechnerunterstützten Lehrens. Dabei wird ein Bogen von den frühen Systemen des rechnerunterstützten Lehrens über moderne Lernplattformen im Internet zu neuen Anwendungen web-basierter Systeme für das lebenslange Lehren und Lernen gespannt.

  9. The Mind-Body Connection: An Introduction to Alexander Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Cathy

    2003-01-01

    Explains that the Alexander Technique is a process that allows performers to improve physical-mental coordination while performing. Outlines the fundamentals of the Alexander Technique and how it can be applied for actors and drama teachers. Proposes that drama teachers can incorporate some of the Alexander Technique's fundamentals into their…

  10. Alexander Technique and Dance Technique: Applications in the Studio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nettl-Fiol, Rebecca

    2006-01-01

    Integrating principles from the Alexander Technique into a dance technique class can provide tools for facilitating a more coordinated use of the self. While the methodologies of Alexander Technique and dance technique may present differences, there are ways of applying the principles of Alexander within the context of a dance technique class that…

  11. Sir Alexander Fleming - Biologia (1881-1955)

    OpenAIRE

    Nobre, Alexandra

    2008-01-01

    Biografia inserida na brochura produzida para acompanhar a exposição "Faces da Ciência" - (actividade do projecto Sentidos da Ciência - ECUM) Biografia de Sir Alexander Fleming nas suas componentes: o homem e a obra. Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT)

  12. A Professor's Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melko, Matthew

    This book describes a year-long participant-observer case study of the professorship as a profession. Following an introductory chapter, each chapter examines one aspect of the professor's occupation by recounting the specific experiences of the author, a sociology professor at Wright State University (Ohio). Chapter 2 looks at the department as…

  13. Acute onset of adult Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Holger; Kretzschmar, Benedikt; Lingor, Paul; Pauli, Silke; Schramm, Peter; Otto, Markus; Ohlenbusch, Andreas; Brockmann, Knut

    2013-08-15

    Adult-onset Alexander disease (AOAD) is a rare leukoencephalopathy affecting predominantly the brainstem and cervical cord with insidious onset of clinical features. Acute onset is very rare and has yet been described only twice, to our knowledge. We report a 32-year-old hitherto healthy male who, after excessive consumption of alcohol, presented with stroke-like onset of symptoms including rigidospasticity, loss of consciousness, and bulbar dysfunction. MRI features comprised bilateral T2-hyperintensities of frontal white matter and basal ganglia as well as atrophy of medulla oblongata with a peculiar "tadpole" appearance, a pattern characteristic of AOAD. Mutation analysis of the GFAP gene revealed a heterozygous de novo 9-bp microduplication in exon 1. Adult Alexander disease may present with stroke-like features. MRI patterns of chronic neurodegenerative conditions may be recognizable even in acute neurological emergencies. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Strategies for treatment in Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messing, Albee; LaPash Daniels, Christine M; Hagemann, Tracy L

    2010-10-01

    Alexander disease is a rare and generally fatal disorder of the CNS, originally classified among the leukodystrophies because of the prominent myelin deficits found in young patients. The most common form of this disease affects infants, who often have profound mental retardation and a variety of developmental delays, but later onset forms also occur, sometimes with little or no white matter pathology at all. The pathological hallmark of Alexander disease is the inclusion body, known as Rosenthal fiber, within the cell bodies and processes of astrocytes. Recent genetic studies identified heterozygous missense mutations in glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), the major intermediate filament protein in astrocytes, as the cause of nearly all cases of Alexander disease. These studies have transformed our view of this disorder and opened new directions for investigation and clinical practice, particularly with respect to diagnosis. Mechanisms by which expression of mutant forms of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) lead to the pleiotropic manifestations of disease (afflicting cell types beyond the ones expressing the mutant gene) are slowly coming into focus. Ideas are beginning to emerge that suggest several compelling therapeutic targets for interventions that might slow or arrest the evolution of the disease. This review will outline the rationale for pursuing these strategies, and highlight some of the critical issues that must be addressed in the planning of future clinical trials. Copyright © 2010 The American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Professor Martin Hairer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Barons

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Professor Martin Hairer was one of four recipients of the 2014 Fields Medal, widely viewed as the highest honour a mathematician can receive. He is currently Regius Professor of Mathematics in the Mathematics Department at the University of Warwick. Professor Hairer has contributed significantly to the field of stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs, which engages with interdisciplinary approaches to mathematics and physics. He has enjoyed great success communicating mathematics to a range of audiences and has also developed music editing software.In this interview, early career mathematicians, Dr Martine Barons (MJB and Dr Paul Chleboun ask Professor Hairer (MH about how his interest in mathematics developed; the awards ceremony where he received the Fields Medal; Amadeus Pro, the music software he developed and continues to maintain; and the challenges of engaging a sceptical and sometimes critical public as a mathematician.

  16. Obituary: Alexander Dalgarno (1928 - 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartquist, Tom; Babb, James F. Babb; Loeb, Avi

    collisions and calculated charge transfer cross sections. Some of these proved later to be important for forming the spectra of diffuse astronomical matter surrounding high mass stars and 100 million solar mass black holes at the centers of active galaxies. In the early 1950s David Bates stimulated Alex's interest in the study of quantum processes occurring in the upper terrestrial atmosphere. Together they considered the sources of the nightglow and dayglow features and concluded that the altitudes previously inferred for them from observations were up to several hundred kilometers too large. Experiments carried on V2 rockets, like those seen by Alex in wartime London, proved him and David to be right. Alex felt that though many theorists believe that "physics is embodied in its equations," it is instead "to be found in the solutions to the equations." He was a master at developing and applying methods that simplified calculations leading to reliable solutions. Exploiting the contemporary advances in electronic computation, by the 1960s Alex and his colleagues were able to address atomic and molecular processes of increasing complexity. Their development and early applications of the S-matrix theory of molecular rotational excitation by particle impact triggered major advances in molecular physics and theoretical chemistry and in the understanding of processes important in many environments, including a wide variety of astrophysical sources. In 1967 Alex became a professor in the Harvard Department of Astronomy and a member of the staff of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. He was a team member for several Atmosphere Explorer satellite missions, which elucidated the roles of atoms and ions in the upper atmosphere and paved the way for further applications to the other planets. By 1969 Alex was publishing papers on molecular hydrogen (H2) radiative processes, including photodissociation, in which the foundations of molecular astrophysics began to emerge. H2 is the

  17. Focal central white matter lesions in Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barreau, Pauline; Prust, Morgan J; Crane, Jeremy; Loewenstein, Johanna; Kadom, Nadja; Vanderver, Adeline

    2011-11-01

    Alexander disease is a neurodegenerative disorder of the central white matter caused by dominant mutations in GFAP, the gene encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein. Magnetic resonance imaging pattern recognition studies have established characteristic radiologic phenotypes for this disorder. In some cases, however, genetically confirmed cases do not express these features, and several reports have identified "atypical" radiologic findings in Alexander disease patients. Here, the authors report 3 genetically confirmed Alexander disease cases with focal central white matter lesions that, upon longitudinal clinical and radiologic evaluation, appear to reflect an atypical Alexander disease magnetic resonance imaging phenotype and not another pathophysiologic process such as encephalitis, infarction, or neoplasm.

  18. Professor Michael Levitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemma-Louise Davies

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Professor Michael Levitt (Stanford University, USA won the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems—computational tools which can calculate the course of chemical reactions. Professor Levitt was born in Pretoria, South Africa; he came to the UK on a summer vacation aged 16, where he decided to stay and study for his A‑levels. His interest in the physics of living systems drove him to study biophysics at King’s College London, before securing a PhD position at the Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge. In the interim year between his degree and beginning his PhD, Professor Levitt worked at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, where he met his future wife. They married later that year and moved to Cambridge, where their three children were born. After completing his PhD, he spent time working in Israel, Cambridge, the Salk Institute and Stanford (both California. Since 1986, he has split his time between Israel and California. Outside of science, he is a keen hiker and he is well-known to have attended the eclectic ‘Burning Man’ Festival in California.[1]Professor Levitt visited the University of Warwick to speak at the Computational Molecular Science Annual Conference in March 2015. In this interview, Dr Gemma-Louise Davies, an Institute of Advanced Study Global Research Fellow, spoke to Professor Levitt about the importance of Interdisciplinarity in his field, role models in Academia, and his plans for the future.Image: Professor Michael Levitt (left with Dr Scott Habershon (right, organiser of the 2015 Computational Molecular Science Annual Conference during his visit to the University of Warwick in March 2015.[1] ‘Burning Man’ is a unique annual festival dedicated to community, art, music, self-expression and self-reliance. Tens of thousands of people flock to this temporary metropolis built in the Californian desert.

  19. Alexander Graham Bell (170th birthday anniversary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. P. Samokhin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A brief overview of the main works and achievements of Alexander Graham Bell, an educated teacher for the hard of hearing and public figure, author of 30 US patents, is mainly given in the field of telephony and sound recording and reproduction. Biographical information about the Bell family, as well as some interesting facts from his life and activities are given. Scotsman by birth, A. Bell from his youthful years was carried away by the acoustic features of the human voice apparatus and devoted his entire life to teaching the deaf to the perception of oral speech. The first success in this field Bell reached, opening a private school for the deaf in Boston. Bell's creation of the phone was the result of his attempts to facilitate communication with the hard-of-hearing and led to the development of mass communications technology around the world. Alexander Bell is also known for his achievements in the design of hydroplanes, hydrofoils and as one of the founders of the popular magazine National Geographic. He was awarded many honorable awards and academic titles.

  20. Studying the multivariable Alexander polynomial by means of Seifert surfaces

    OpenAIRE

    Cimasoni, David

    2004-01-01

    We show how Seifert surfaces, so useful for the understanding of the Alexander polynomial \\Delta_L(t), can be generalized in order to study the multivariable Alexander polynomial \\Delta_L(t_1,...,t_\\mu). In particular, we give an elementary and geometric proof of the Torres formula.

  1. THE DEATH OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT 1. INTRODUCTION

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The circumstances of Alexander's death are reviewed. Since contemporary sources vary in their accounts of the reason for his death, they are briefly reviewed and assessed. The account of Alexander's final illness is then discussed as recorded in the King's. Journal and the Liber de morte testamentumque Alexandri Magni.

  2. Professor Kalkman retires

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baas, Pieter

    1991-01-01

    On 13 December 1990 Prof. Dr. Cornelis (Kees) Kalkman retired from the positions of Professor of Plant Systematics and Scientific Director of the Rijksherbarium/ Hortus Botanicus by presenting his valedictory lecture to the academic community of Leiden University and the assembled Dutch Botanical

  3. Professor Wolfgang Panofsky

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    "Professor Wolfgang panofsky, who died on September 24 aged 88, was a particle physicists and director of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Centre (SLAC) in California; with Jack Steinberger, he was the first to isolate the neutral pi meson, one of the subatomic particles which had been predicted by theoretical scientists to account for the strng force which binds the nuclei of atoms." (1 page)

  4. Professor Tiina Tasmuth Helsingis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Tervisekasvatuse õppetooli professor Tiina Tasmuth osales 11.-14. juunini Helsingis toimunud rahvusvahelise konverentsi "2nd Psycho-Social Impacts of Breast Cancer" töös ning esines ettekandega teemal "Chronic post-treatment symptoms in patients with breast cancer" : [täistekst

  5. Professor og DMI

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaas, Eigil

    2010-01-01

    oplever meget lave temperaturer - og for Danmarks vedkommende en usædvanlig lang periode med vintervejr. Forklaringen kommer fra professor Eigil Kaas fra Niels Bohr Instituttet ved Københavns Universitet. Han forklarer til jp.dk, at vintervejret dog er betinget af den mere eller mindre tilfældige måde...

  6. Abenteuer Alexander-von-Humboldt-Bibliographie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Suckow

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German; Abstracts in English and German.The two attempts (1860 and 1872 to compile a bibliography of all works of Alexander von Humboldt have to be regarded as failures. Due to Humboldt’s scientific methods, the contemporary popularity of his writings, and the conditions of book publishing and selling, it has been difficult to achieve an overview of his œuvre. Thus each attempt to write a reliable or at least partially complete bibliography of Humboldt’s works constituted an adventure. Horst Fiedler and Ulrike Leitner have mastered this undertaking. As a result of their efforts over more than two decades, a bibliography of those works by Humboldt which were published in book form appeared in the year 2000.

  7. Alexander Klein: German in the Makhnovist movement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arkhireyskyi, D. V.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Highlights the life of Alexander Klein, a descendant of German colonists, Makhno’s active insurgency. Analyzed the possible reasons for his joining the group of anarchists Huliaipole. Participating of O. Kleyn in detachments of the Black household troops in southern Ukraine on verge of 1917–1918 is examined. The battle way of insurgent in the soldiery formings of army of N. Makhno is traced. His participating in all the most important campaigns and battle of insurgent army inclusive to the day of death in August 1921 lights up. The most interesting events of revolutionary war, this insurgent commander took part in which, are considered. Confirmed A. Kleyn loyalty, in spite of his national belonging, and the ideals of the Makhnovist insurgency.

  8. Alexander von Humboldt in Daniel Kehlmanns Welt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Wie stark sich im Verlauf des zurückliegenden Vierteljahrhunderts der Bekanntheitsgrad Alexander von Humboldts in der deutschsprachigen Öffentlichkeit verändert hat, zeigen nicht nur Fernsehumfragen zu den berühmtesten Deutschen, in denen Alexander von Humboldt mittlerweile figuriert, oder Fernsehserien, die über aktuelle Expeditionen berichten und auf Humboldts Namen zurückgreifen. Am deutlichsten vielleicht belegt dies der enorme Erfolg von Daniel Kehlmanns Roman Die Vermessung der Welt, der ohne die zuvor skizzierte Entwicklung nicht denkbar gewesen wäre. Es ist vor diesem Hintergrund nicht nur reizvoll, sondern aufschlußreich, sich mit dem großen Erfolg dieses kleinen Romans zu beschäftigen. Worum geht es in Die Vermessung der Welt? Und wie läßt sich das „Phänomen Kehlmann“ aus etwas größerer Distanz erklären? Abstract In the last 25 years, Alexander von Humboldt‘s popularity has radically changed in the german-speaking public opinion. Proof of this are not only television surveys about the most famous germans - in which Alexander von Humboldt now regularly figures - or television series about contemporary expeditions, which constantly refer to Humboldt‘s name; perhaps what most clearly verifies this change is the great success of Daniel Kehlmann‘s novel Die Vermessung der Welt. Without the recent developments outlined above, this novel‘s degree of impact would have been unimaginable. To study the great success of this text against this backdrop is not only attractive, but also revealing. What is Die Vermessung der Welt really about? And how can we explain the „Kehlmann phenomenon“ from a greater distance? Resumen La popularidad de Alejandro de Humboldt ha cambiado profundamente dentro del último cuarto de siglo en la opinión pública de habla alemana. Prueba de esto son no sólo las encuestas televisivas sobre los alemanes más famosos, dentro de las cuales figura en estos momentos Alejandro

  9. Professors' Observations on Their Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Betty; Mager, Gerald M.

    Previous studies of professors of education have noted what activities comprised the work of being a professor, how professors allocated time to the various work tasks, how they would have preferred to allocate time, and insights they had about their work. In this study, parallel data were gathered on the broader education professoriate. Survey…

  10. Conversations in History: Arrian and Herodotus, Parmenio and Alexander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janet D. Chaplin

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Arrian’s account of Parmenio’s warning to Alexander at Persepolis is meant not only to evoke Herodotus’ account of Croesus and Cyrus, but also to critique Herodotus’ notion of endless reciprocity in history.

  11. Port Alexander, Alaska Tsunami Forecast Grids for MOST Model

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Port Alexander, Alaska Forecast Model Grids provides bathymetric data strictly for tsunami inundation modeling with the Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST) model....

  12. Alexander in the Tychaion: Ps.-Libanius on the Statues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig A. Gibson

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Of the statues in the precinct of Tyche in Alexandria, described by [Lib.] Ecphr. 25, the "founder" holding the token of the "Soter" is not Ptolemy I but Alexander in the guise of Zeus.

  13. Leni Alexander Pollack (1924-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Bustos Valderrama

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de Leni Alexander Pollack, considerada la compositora nacional más importante del siglo XX, expande y profundiza nuestro conocimiento del aporte de la mujer a la creación musical chilena. En el presente trabajo las entrevistas personales fueron no sólo la fuente primaria para obtener los antecedentes biográficos iniciales, sino también una oportunidad para discutir y aclarar asuntos de estética, tendencias y estilo. Sobre estas bases se analizan tres obras específicas, consideradas como demarcatorias de la evolución de sus recursos creativos. El catálogo de sus obras es una muestra vívida de la gran versatilidad de la compositora en el libre uso de los parámetros musicales, como elementos básicos generadores de toda una obra y, a la vez, en las sugerencias que hace a los instrumentistas- intérpretes o a los actores de su hörspiel o "teatro para escuchar". En suma, sus composiciones y escritos académicos, a los que se agrega la difusión radial comentada de la música contemporánea en Chile y en el extranjero, confirman su calidad de representante itinerante y portavoz de la vanguardia musical del siglo XXLeni Alexander Pollack, has been considered the most important national female composer of the 20th century. The study of her musical composition has contributed to further our knowledge of women's contributions to musical creation in Chile. For the present paper, personal interviews were not only a primary source for the initial biographical information, but also an opportunity to discuss with the composer topics related to aesthetics, tendencies and style. Upon these bases, three specific works are analyzed, which are considered turning points in the evolution of her creative resources. The catalog of her work is a vivid demonstration of her versatility in the free use of musical parameters, which can be seen as basic element in the generation of complete works, as well as in the suggestions she offers to the

  14. ALEXANDER IN AFGHANISTAN Frank L. Holt, Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions. Hellenistic Culture and Society 44. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    John Atkinson

    2006-01-01

    .... [...] he covers Kaiser's line that the reverse image depicted Alexander in Homeric guise (pp. 70f.), Pandey's case that the battle scene referred to Alexander's victory over Darius at Gauagamela...

  15. Professor Stewart's incredible numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Stewart, Ian

    2015-01-01

    Ian Stewart explores the astonishing properties of numbers from 1 to10 to zero and infinity, including one figure that, if you wrote it out, would span the universe. He looks at every kind of number you can think of - real, imaginary, rational, irrational, positive and negative - along with several you might have thought you couldn't think of. He explains the insights of the ancient mathematicians, shows how numbers have evolved through the ages, and reveals the way numerical theory enables everyday life. Under Professor Stewart's guidance you will discover the mathematics of codes,

  16. Professor Alex Callinicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Saqer

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Professor Alex Callinicos is a renowned social theorist and scholar of international political economy. He conducts research on Marx and Marxism, European social and political theory, contemporary political philosophy, critical theory, historiography, and international political economy. His work provides invaluable insights on issues of race and racism, social justice, the Third Way, imperialism, austerity, and EU politics, among many other fascinating contemporary issues. Alex studied Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at Balliol College, Oxford, and Philosophy of Science at the London School of Economics before writing a DPhil on Marx's Capital, also at Balliol. He was a Junior Research Fellow in Contemporary Social Thought at St Peter's College, Oxford from 1979 to 1981, after which he taught social and political theory at the Department of Politics at the University of York until 2005, when he moved to King's College London. Alex is currently the Professor of European Studies at King's and editor of International Socialism. Alex has been an active contributor to the development of the movement for another globalization, participating in the World Social Forum and an animator of the European Social Forum. Among his best known books are The Revolutionary Ideas of Karl Marx (1983, Against Postmodernism (1990, Social Theory (1999, An Anti-Capitalist Manifesto (2003, The Resources of Critique (2006, Imperialism and Global Political Economy (2009. His most recent book is entitled Deciphering Capital: Marx’s Capital and its Destiny (2014.

  17. Voorwoord: Professor Andrzej Borowski

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koch Jerzy

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Professor Andrzej Borowski from the Jagiellonian University, whose 70th anniversary we celebrate this year, is a very well known scholar and literature historian, specialised in Old Polish Literature (Middle Ages, Renaissance and Baroque - and with a background from Classical studies. A lesser known fact is that he also is a scholar active in the field of the Netherlandish (Dutch and Flemish literature and culture: as author of numerous books and articles about (South Netherlandish figures from the 16th and 17th century, as supervisor of numerous dissertations or habilitations in the field of the Netherlandish literature and as an inspiring personality in the field of the Netherlandish studies at Polish universities. He can indeed be seen as the Spiritus Litterarum Neerlandicorum in Poland.

  18. Clinical and genetic study in Chinese patients with Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye Wu; Qiang Gu; Jingmin Wang; Yanling Yang; Xiru Wu; Yuwu Jiang

    2008-02-01

    Alexander disease is a rare progressive leukoencephalopathy inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. The infantile form is the most common, with onset before 2 years of age. The typical clinical signs include psychomotor retardation and regression, seizures, and megalencephaly. Juvenile and adult forms are also recognized. The neuropathology of Alexander disease is characterized by abundant presence of Rosenthal fibers in astrocytes in the brain. GFAP has been identified to be the only gene associated with Alexander disease since 2001. Only 1 patient with Alexander disease confirmed by genetic testing has been reported in mainland China. To get further information of the clinical and genetic characteristics of Chinese patients, we analyzed an additional 3 cases with the infantile or juvenile form. A novel mutation, Y83H, and a previously reported mutation, R88C, were identified in these patients. Both mutations were heterozygous and de novo. The results of this research expand the number of patients with Alexander disease found to have GFAP coding mutations in mainland China. A novel missense mutation, Y83H, is identified.

  19. Alexander Numan (1780-1852 en de veredeling van de Nederlandse schapenrassen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesper Oldenburger

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Alexander Numan and the improvement of the Dutch sheep breedsAlexander Numan’s life and work provide a splendid illustration of the early nineteenth-century Dutch scientist’s view of the role of science and scientists in society. As a professor at the Utrecht veterinary school he spent a substantial part of his time on a practical endeavour: the improvement of the wool quality of the Dutch sheep breeds. He did not confine his activities to the scientific aspects only, but aimed to obtain the active involvement of all relevant stakeholders in his project: the government, the sheep farmers and the wool industry.In the literature, Numan’s project is seen as a failure: the stakeholders were skeptical about his project from the beginning, as wool improvement was seen as a misguided aim. The Dutch wool industry was perfectly satisfied with the quality of the Dutch wool, and the trend among sheep breeders was to improve their sheeps’ meat meat quality rather than their wool. Eventually, the government withdrew its indispensable support.Nevertheless, Numan clung doggedly to the aim he had set himself, and the question we want to answer is this paper is why. We argue that the answer is to be found in Numan’s view of the role of science in society. His motives were not merely economic, but, first and foremost, of a moral nature. Wool quality, for him, was a measure of the level of civilization a country had reached. Social and cultural progress went hand in hand with the availability of higher quality clothing, the raw materials for which the Dutch sheep were as yet unable to provide. By providing these materials Numan was convinced to contribute directly to the well-being and cultural enhancement of the Dutch population, an objective that was characteristic of the self-fashioned private and public persona of the early nineteenth-century Dutch scientist.

  20. Sir Alexander Fleming: Scottish researcher who discovered penicillin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ligon, B Lee

    2004-01-01

    The discovery and development of penicillin changed the entire direction of approaches to treating infectious diseases and saved the lives of millions of people. Indeed, the development of penicillin was a watershed event in the battle against infectious diseases, and the individual who discovered it, Sir Alexander Fleming, remains a prominent individual in the annals of medical history. This article focuses primarily on the personal life of Alexander Fleming, an individual who had a remarkable diversity of interests and who made many contributions to science and medicine.

  1. Modeling Alexander disease with patient iPSCs reveals cellular and molecular pathology of astrocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondo, Takayuki; Funayama, Misato; Miyake, Michiyo; Tsukita, Kayoko; Era, Takumi; Osaka, Hitoshi; Ayaki, Takashi; Takahashi, Ryosuke; Inoue, Haruhisa

    2016-07-11

    Alexander disease is a fatal neurological illness characterized by white-matter degeneration and formation of Rosenthal fibers, which contain glial fibrillary acidic protein as astrocytic inclusion. Alexander disease is mainly caused by a gene mutation encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein, although the underlying pathomechanism remains unclear. We established induced pluripotent stem cells from Alexander disease patients, and differentiated induced pluripotent stem cells into astrocytes. Alexander disease patient astrocytes exhibited Rosenthal fiber-like structures, a key Alexander disease pathology, and increased inflammatory cytokine release compared to healthy control. These results suggested that Alexander disease astrocytes contribute to leukodystrophy and a variety of symptoms as an inflammatory source in the Alexander disease patient brain. Astrocytes, differentiated from induced pluripotent stem cells of Alexander disease, could be a cellular model for future translational medicine.

  2. Professor Igor Yevseyev: In Memoriam Professor Igor Yevseyev: In Memoriam

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    Dear readers and authors, June 3, 2012 will mark five months since Professor Igor Yevseyev, Deputy Editor-in-Chief of both journals Laser Physics and Laser Physics Letters passed away, suddenly and unexpectedly. He was 67. Born in Moscow, he entered one of the world's best schools of physics, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI). With this renowned educational and research institution he bonded an alliance for his entire life, starting as an undergraduate student in the Department of Theoretical Physics and later continued as graduate student, assistant professor, associated professor, and full professor in the same department, a rare accomplishment of a person. All those years he retained the love of his life—the love for physics. He worked tirelessly as a teacher and scholar in this captivating field of knowledge. Professor Yevseyev was one of the founders of the international journal of Laser Physics in 1990, the first academic English language journal published in the former USSR. Later, in 2004, the second journal, Laser Physics Letters was brought to the forum of global laser physics community. The idea behind this new title was Professor Yevseyev's initiative to reach the readers and participants with new pioneering and break-through research results more rapidly. His leadership and indefatigable dedication to the quality of published materials made it possible that this journal reached international recognition in a few short years. Still, in order to attract even more attention of potential contributors and readers, Professor Yevseyev originally proposed to conduct the International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS) on the annual basis. Since 1992 the Workshop has been conducted every year, each year in a different country. As in all previous years, Professor Yevseyev was the key organizer of this year's workshop in Calgary, Canada. Sadly, this workshop will take place without him. Editorial Board

  3. The Profession and the Professors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dain, Phyllis

    1980-01-01

    Speculates on why graduate library schools have not, in the persons of their professors, produced theoretical leadership in Library Science. The ideals of professional ethical standards are contrasted with present practice. (RAA)

  4. Response to Professor Jean Guichard

    OpenAIRE

    Kargulowa, Alicja; Czerkawska, Alicja; Kłodkowska, Joanna; Siarkiewicz, Elżbieta; Zielińska-Pękał, Daria; Zierkiewicz, Edyta

    2013-01-01

    The article recounts a discussion inspired by Professor Jean Guichard’s letter to Professor Alicja Kargulowa. Its participants – a group of female counsellogists – are engaged in an e-mail exchange that freely unfolds in the symbolic space of the on-line discourse. Embedded in their own specific research, their contributions depart from a conventional, structured line of argumentation, spontaneously, and at the same time insightfully, reflecting on various facets of purification and translati...

  5. Comments on "cyclical swings" by Professor Hannah Decker: The underappreciated "solid center" of psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pies, Ronald W

    2016-02-01

    The history of psychiatry is characterized by some deep ideological and conceptual divisions, as adumbrated in Professor Hannah Decker's essay. However, the schism between "biological" and "psychosocial" models of mental illness and its treatment represents extreme positions among some psychiatrists-not the model propounded by academic psychiatry or its affiliated professional organizations. Indeed, the "biopsycho-social model" (BPSM) developed by Dr. George L. Engel has been, and remains, the foundational model for academic psychiatry, notwithstanding malign market forces that have undermined the BPSM's use in clinical practice. The BPSM is integrally related to "centralizing" and integrative trends in American psychiatry that may be traced to Franz Alexander, Karl Jaspers, and Engel himself, among others. This "Alexandrian-Jaspersian-Engelian" tradition is explored in relation to Professor Decker's "cyclical swing" model of psychiatry's history. (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  6. Alexander Meiklejohn in Search of Freedom and Dignity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Tony W.

    1982-01-01

    Assesses the contributions of the philosopher/educator Alexander Meiklejohn. Discusses the influences of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, and the U.S. Constitution on Meiklejohn's educational theories, which stressed that human freedom and dignity can be enhanced by rigorous examination of U.S. Supreme Court decisions and the meaning of…

  7. Alexander disease with mild dorsal brainstem atrophy and infantile spasms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torisu, Hiroyuki; Yoshikawa, Yoko; Yamaguchi-Takada, Yui; Yano, Tamami; Sanefuji, Masafumi; Ishizaki, Yoshito; Sawaishi, Yukio; Hara, Toshiro

    2013-05-01

    We present the case of a Japanese male infant with Alexander disease who developed infantile spasms at 8 months of age. The patient had a cluster of partial seizures at 4 months of age. He presented with mild general hypotonia and developmental delay. Macrocephaly was not observed. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings fulfilled all MRI-based criteria for the diagnosis of Alexander disease and revealed mild atrophy of the dorsal pons and medulla oblongata with abnormal intensities. DNA analysis disclosed a novel heterozygous missense mutation (c.1154 C>T, p.S385F) in the glial fibrillary acidic protein gene. At 8 months of age, tonic spasms occurred, and electroencephalography (EEG) revealed hypsarrhythmia. Lamotrigine effectively controlled the infantile spasms and improved the abnormal EEG findings. Although most patients with infantile Alexander disease have epilepsy, infantile spasms are rare. This comorbid condition may be associated with the distribution of the brain lesions and the age at onset of Alexander disease. Copyright © 2012 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Review of Alexander disease: beyond the classical concept of leukodystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawaishi, Yukio

    2009-08-01

    Alexander disease is classified as one of the leukodystrophies, which are degenerative diseases primarily affecting the cerebral white matter. Formal diagnosis is achieved by showing diffuse accumulation of Rosenthal fibers in the brain by biopsy or autopsy. Showing a heterozygous mutation in the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene is currently sufficient for diagnosis. The mechanisms of Rosenthal fiber formation remain unclear. However, both the quality and quantity of GFAP are important. GFAP-epsilon (rodent homologous GFAP-delta), one of the alternatively spliced GFAP isoforms, may also play a modulating role in aggregate formation. The current ease of diagnosis has accelerated the accumulation of a wide variety of patients with Alexander disease along with the widespread use of MRI. In contrast to the classical infantile type, patients with juvenile and adult types mainly complain of bulbar symptoms and usually show progressive atrophy of the lower brainstem and cervical spinal cord with mild or minimal leukodystrophic changes. Among the many MRI findings of Alexander disease, periventricular linear lesions with various names depending on the thickness and shape seem to represent the unique pathophysiology, because the subventricular zone of the adult human brain includes special astrocytes that behave as multipotent progenitor cells and specifically produce GFAP-epsilon. Except for a few mutations, no clear phenotype-genotype correlation has been established for Alexander disease, although male preponderance in the infantile type suggests that phenotypes may be partly affected by gender.

  9. A complex-network perspective on Alexander's wholeness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Bin

    2016-12-01

    The wholeness, conceived and developed by Christopher Alexander, is what exists to some degree or other in space and matter, and can be described by precise mathematical language. However, it remains somehow mysterious and elusive, and therefore hard to grasp. This paper develops a complex network perspective on the wholeness to better understand the nature of order or beauty for sustainable design. I bring together a set of complexity-science subjects such as complex networks, fractal geometry, and in particular underlying scaling hierarchy derived by head/tail breaks - a classification scheme and a visualization tool for data with a heavy-tailed distribution, in order to make Alexander's profound thoughts more accessible to design practitioners and complexity-science researchers. Through several case studies (some of which Alexander studied), I demonstrate that the complex-network perspective helps reduce the mystery of wholeness and brings new insights to Alexander's thoughts on the concept of wholeness or objective beauty that exists in fine and deep structure. The complex-network perspective enables us to see things in their wholeness, and to better understand how the kind of structural beauty emerges from local actions guided by the 15 fundamental properties, and in particular by differentiation and adaptation processes. The wholeness goes beyond current complex network theory towards design or creation of living structures.

  10. Alexander von Humboldt's invention of the natural landscape

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kwa, C.

    2005-01-01

    Landscape took on a new meaning through the new science of plant geography of Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1857). In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, "landscape" was foremost a painterly genre. Slowly, painted landscapes came to bear on natural surroundings, but by 1800 it was still not

  11. Teaching Nuclear Radiation and the Poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko

    Science.gov (United States)

    David R. Lapp

    2008-01-01

    The recent international story about the death of the former KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko has more than just a few wondering about radiation poisoning and the sinister sounding polonium-210. I was preparing to begin a nuclear radiation unit the Monday after Thanksgiving 2006. As it turned out, Litvinenko died Thanksgiving Day after a short and…

  12. The transport glider | Alexander | Scientia Militaria: South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 10, No 2 (1980) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. The transport glider. McGill Alexander. Abstract.

  13. Splice site, frameshift, and chimeric GFAP mutations in Alexander disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Flint, D.; Li, R.; Webster, L.S.; Naidu, S.; Kolodny, E.; Percy, A.; van der Knaap, M.S.; Powers, J.M.; Mantovani, J.F.; Ekstein, J.; Goldman, J.E.; Messing, A.; Brenner, M.

    2012-01-01

    Alexander disease (AxD) is a usually fatal astrogliopathy primarily caused by mutations in the gene encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), an intermediate filament protein expressed in astrocytes. We describe three patients with unique characteristics, and whose mutations have implications

  14. The alexander surgical technique for the treatment of severe burns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasperoni, M; Neri, R; Carboni, A; Purpura, V; Morselli, P G; Melandri, D

    2016-12-31

    The extensive loss of skin in burned patients is a critical clinical condition, and the choice of an effective technique to cover and protect the damaged area has always been a challenge in the surgical field. Despite its wide clinical use, there is little data in the literature on using the Alexander technique to treat severe burns, while several studies have focused on alternative approaches. The present study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the Alexander surgical technique on 117 patients with severe burns. The characteristics of the burned patients, factors related to etiology of burns as well as adverse prognostic factors and their incidence in discharged versus deceased patients were also taken into account. Finally, a comparison is made with an alternative surgical procedure described in the literature. Our results show a satisfactory level of survival for patients with severe burns surgically treated with the Alexander technique, accounting for 63% of all clinical cases reported here. This treatment is also less expensive and more rapid than the alternative approach we compared it with. The Alexander technique is a lifesaving method for the treatment of severe burns that provides a satisfactory chance of survival at lower cost than the alternative surgical procedure examined.

  15. Krahv Alexander von Keyserling / Sirje Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimäe, Sirje, 1947-

    2002-01-01

    Alexander Friedrich Michael Lebrecht Arthur Nicolaus James von Keyserlingi (1815-1891) elust ja teaduslikest ekspeditsioonidest Venemaal ning tegevusest Eestis Raikküla mõisnikuna, loodusteadlasena, Eestimaa rüütelkonna peamehena, eesti talupoegade olukorra parandajana, Tartu õpperingkonna kuraatorina, maanõunikuna, tema pereelust ja lastest

  16. Goethe und Alexander von Humboldt - Bau und Geschichte der Erde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolf von Engelhardt

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and German. An account is given on Goethe's criticism of Alexander von Humboldt's writings: "Ueber den Bau und die Wirkungsart der Vulkane in den verschiedenen Erdstrichen" (Berlin 1823 und "Fragmens de géologie et de climatologie asiatique" (Paris 1831.

  17. Tradition, authority and dialogue: Arendt and Alexander on education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Itay Snir

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I discuss two attempts to challenge mainstream liberal education, by Hannah Arendt and by contemporary Israeli philosopher Hanan Alexander. Arendt and Alexander both identify problems in liberal-secular modern politics and present alternatives based on reconnecting politics and education to tradition. I analyze their positions and bring them into a dialogue that suggests a complex conception of education that avoids many of the pitfalls of modern liberal thought. First, I outline Arendt and Alexander’s educational views and discuss their similarities, arguing that both may be understood as opposed to the modern attempt to adopt a «view from nowhere» at the world. Next, I suggest that Alexander’s view may benefit from adopting Arendt’s conceptions of tradition and authority. In the consecutive section, I argue that Alexander sheds light on significant problems in Arendt’s approach to education, problems his understanding of critical dialogue can help solve. The succeeding section joins the two views together to form an approach I call «critical traditionalism», and examines it against prevailing approaches to political education. I conclude by pointing to an important point overlooked by both Arendt and Alexander, namely the need for internal political struggle within each tradition.

  18. Bemerkungen zu Alexander von Humboldts Russland-Tagebuch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Werner

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and GermanIn this study the fragment of Alexander von Humboldt’s Siberian personal diary of 1829 is introduced. The evaluation is focussed on Humboldt’s remarks about mineral resources, especially gold and diamonds. Also mentioned are results which Humboldt recorded about geographical, botanical, meteorological, zoological and ethnological questions.

  19. Il professor Mitja Skubic ottuagenario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Ožbot

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Incredibile ma vero: il professor Mitja Skubic si trova, questa volta lui stesso, al centro dell’attenzione anziché essere il motore, il perno dell’attività. La ragione per questo attimo di respiro è il suo ottantesimo compleanno, a dire il vero passato già da tempo. È pressoché una contingenza aneddotica quella per cui il volume dedicatogli per l’occasione viene pubblicato così tardi: il professore ha continuato a tener d’occhio la nostra rivista ben dopo aver nominato i nuovi direttori tanto che sarebbe stato impossibile sorprenderlo con una miscellanea di contributi in suo onore.

  20. Professor@s e Eros Teachers and Eros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah P. Britzman

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Professores/as são testemunhas do fantástico mundo da sexualidade. Esse artigo explora a centralidade de Eros para a educação e estabelece uma relação entre o desejo do/a professor/a e os acontecimentos emocionais da relação própria relação aluno/professor. Eu proponho que o aprendizado deva envolver nosso "eu" erótico, além das nossas fantasias. Mas esta perspectiva requer que professores/as considerem uma psicologia do amor como um caminho principal para a as situações emocionais de Eros. Na sua conclusão este trabalho sugere uma pedagogia que dê as boas vindas tanto à homossexualidade como a heterossexualidade como expressões humanas do amor.Teachers bear witness to the wondrous world of sexuality. This essay explores the centrality of Eros to education and links the teacher's desire to the emotional situation of the student/teacher relationship. I propose that learning involves our erotic selves and our fantasy life. But such a view requires that teachers consider a psychology of love as lending insight into the emotional situation of Eros. The paper concludes by suggesting a pedagogy that welcomes homosexuality and heterosexuality as human expressions of love.

  1. Nitric oxide mediates glial-induced neurodegeneration in Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liqun; Hagemann, Tracy L; Kalwa, Hermann; Michel, Thomas; Messing, Albee; Feany, Mel B

    2015-11-26

    Glia play critical roles in maintaining the structure and function of the nervous system; however, the specific contribution that astroglia make to neurodegeneration in human disease states remains largely undefined. Here we use Alexander disease, a serious degenerative neurological disorder caused by astrocyte dysfunction, to identify glial-derived NO as a signalling molecule triggering astrocyte-mediated neuronal degeneration. We further find that NO acts through cGMP signalling in neurons to promote cell death. Glial cells themselves also degenerate, via the DNA damage response and p53. Our findings thus define a specific mechanism for glial-induced non-cell autonomous neuronal cell death, and identify a potential therapeutic target for reducing cellular toxicity in Alexander disease, and possibly other neurodegenerative disorders with glial dysfunction.

  2. Alexander's law during high-acceleration head rotations in humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anagnostou, Evangelos; Heimberger, Joachim; Sklavos, Sokratis; Anastasopoulos, Dimitri

    2011-03-30

    Alexander's law states that the amplitude of the spontaneous nystagmus grows with increasing gaze in the direction of the fast phase. Using the search-coil method we employed head impulses at various eye-in-orbit azimuth angles to test (i) whether the normal vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in the behaviorally relevant high-frequency range has intrinsic properties that could account for Alexander's law and (ii) whether such properties can also be shown in patients with unilateral vestibulopathy. We showed that the gain of the VOR remained unaffected by eye-in-orbit position in contols and in patients, both on ipsilesional and contralesional stimuli. These findings suggest that eye-in-orbit position does not directly modulate the activity in VOR pathways, neither during unbalanced but reciprocal (in controls), nor during unbalanced and nonreciprocal natural vestibular stimulation (in patients).

  3. A Study of Combined Arms Warfare by Alexander the Great.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-05

    Arms Warfare by Alexander the Great Approved by: ^§FC ^ohn T. Broom, Ph.D. ^c^. Thesis Committee Chairman y v^X^; ■-. ■SA: Gary J. Bjorge ...research. Dr. Bjorge and LTC Clay have provided technical advice and copy editing for much of this thesis. Special acknowledgment is due LTC David...objective to destroy or disrupt the enemy forces. Additionally, ancient armies did not have the communication ability that the modern army possess

  4. Professors of the New Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Robin

    2000-01-01

    Profiles four professors who epitomize the increasing influence of academe on new technology-driven Internet business: a start-up maven, Steven Kaplan; a social psychologist, Michael Ray; a cyberlawyer, David Post; and an e-commerce expert, Andrew B. Whinston. (DB)

  5. NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS H. Johnson Nenty, Professor ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Admin

    NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS. H. Johnson Nenty, Professor, Educational Research, Measurement and Evaluation, Department of Educational. Foundations, University of Botswana Idowu Biao, Professor of Lifelong learning, Department of Adult Education,. University of Botswana. Cletus K. Mbowura, Lecturer, Department of ...

  6. Modelled on Archigenes 'theiotatos': Alexander of Tralles and his Use of Natural Remedies ('physika')

    OpenAIRE

    Bouras-Vallianatos, Petros

    2016-01-01

    In contrast to other Late Antique medical authors, Alexander of Tralles uses the epithet theiotatos (most divine) when referring to Archigenes. This appellation becomes even more significant if one considers that Alexander otherwise only applies it to Hippocrates and Galen. Since the majority of Alexander’s mentions of Archigenes stress his recommendation of popular healing practices, which most medical authors excluded from their work, I argue that for Alexander Archigenes was a model of a w...

  7. ICT Use by Journalism Professors in Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Elias Said

    2011-01-01

    This article analyses how journalism professors at Colombian universities use information and communications technologies (ICT) in their teaching. Survey data was obtained during the first trimester of 2009 from 63 professors in journalism departments and from a total of 865 professors who are affiliated with journalism departments at 29…

  8. Erratum: Professor J. H. S. Gear

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    s short of their. Lesley, a nd their amily a proper Wake on 15 November 1994. Erratum: Professor J. H. S. Gear. The name of Professor B. D. Schoub, Director of the. National Institute for Virology, was inadvertently omitted as the author of the obituary of Professor J. H. S. Gear published in the September 1994 SAMJ. Books.

  9. Provintsist pärit IT-mõtleja / Alexander Galitsky ; interv. Viktoria Korpan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Galitsky, Alexander

    2005-01-01

    Venemaa tuntumaid info- ja kõrgtehnoloogiavaldkonna spetsialiste infotehnoloogiast ja selle erinevatest võimalustest, tehnoloogia lahendustest ning avastustest, turvaprobleemidest. Lisa: Alexander Galitsky

  10. Body and Soul: The Natural Affinity Between the Alexander Technique and the Stanislavsky Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richmond, Phyllis

    1996-01-01

    Describes the compatibility between the Alexander Technique and the Stanislavsky Method. Explains the basic concept behind both acting methods. Presents ideas for incorporating both methods in classes. (PA)

  11. Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß als Wegbereiter der neuen Disziplin Erdmagnetismus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Reich

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThough Alexander von Humboldt was motivated for the first time to deal with earthmagnetism during his stay in Freiberg, it was in France that he really became a specialist in this respect. During most of his journeys he made earthmagnetic measurements. His collaboration with Arago was of great importance, it was in Paris that the first magnetic observatory was built. Humboldt rendered outstanding services to the investigation of earth magnetism by two major achievements: 1. He emphasized intensity measurements and 2. he put forward the law that the magnetic intensity is increasing from the magnetic equator toward the magnetic poles. At least since 1803 Carl Friedrich Gauss was interested in earthmagnetism and especially in Humboldt’s early published data. That Wilhelm Weber became professor of physics at the University of Göttingen in 1831 was a turning point for Gauss. In 1833 Göttingen was the centre of investigating earthmagnetism, a new era began which lasted only until 1843. Gauss’ main contributions were more or less theoretical, in 1832/3 he transformed Humboldt’s relative intensity measurements into absolute ones which were independent of the instrument’s needle. A new epoch began with Gauss’ publication „Allgemeine Theorie des Erdmagnetismus” (1839. The main point was the newly defined notion of „potential“. Gauss was the first to present the surface of the earth with equipotential lines. ZusammenfassungAlexander von Humboldt hatte sich bereits in Freiberg mit dem Erdmagnetismus beschäftigt; jedoch erst in Frankreich lernte er die entsprechenden Beobachtungsmethoden kennen. Auf allen seinen Reisen machte er erdmagnetische Messungen. Seine Zusammenarbeit mit Arago in Paris war besonders fruchtbar, hier wurde das erste magnetische Observatorium gebaut. Humboldt beschäftigte sich vor allem mit Intensitätsmessungen; sein wichtigster Beitrag war die Feststellung, dass die magnetische Intensität vom

  12. Alexander technique and Feldenkrais method: a critical overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Sanjiv; Janssen, Kristy; DeCelle, Sharon

    2004-11-01

    This article develops an overall better understanding of the Alexander technique and Feldenkrais method. Initially, a brief history is provided to lay the groundwork for the development of these techniques. A description of the techniques, training requirements, and mechanism of action follows. Indications, contraindications, and patient selection are discussed. This article reviews and identifies what research has been completed and what areas need further investigation. Overall, the goal is to establish a guide to aid in determining who may benefit from these techniques and outcomes to expect when using these techniques.

  13. Alexander Georg Supan – v Sloveniji spregledan geograf slovenskega rodu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan Cigale

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Paper presents life and work of Alexander Supan, geographer of Slovenian origin, and his influence on global and Slovenian geography. He was one of the more important geographers of the second half of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century. His scientific work took place, in contrast to geographers who were then working in present-day Slovenian territory, in accordance with contemporary geographic approaches. He built his career abroad, but he started it in Ljubljana. Because of that and because of his origin, we can consider him one of the more important links in the history of modern geography in Slovenian territory.

  14. Reluctant genius Alexander Graham Bell and the passion for invention

    CERN Document Server

    Gray, Charlotte

    2011-01-01

    The popular image of Alexander Graham Bell is that of an elderly American patriarch, memorable only for his paunch, his Santa Claus beard, and the invention of the telephone. In this magisterial reassessment based on thorough new research, acclaimed biographer Charlotte Gray reveals Bell's wide-ranging passion for invention and delves into the private life that supported his genius. The child of a speech therapist and a deaf mother, and possessed of superbly acute hearing, Bell developed an early interest in sound. His understanding of how sound waves might relate to electrical waves enabled h

  15. Alexander disease - astrogliopathy considered as leukodystrophy - experience of an institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mierzewska, Hanna; Mierzewska-Schmidt, Magdalena; Salomons, Gajja S; Dudzińska, Magdalena; Szczepanik, Elżbieta

    2016-01-01

    Alexander Disease (ALXDRD) is an autosomal dominant leukodystrophy caused by mutation in one allele of GFAP gene, encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Most cases occur due to de novo. There are three clinical subtypes of ALXDRD: infantile, juvenile and adult form, but congenital form is also outlined. The disease's spectrum comprises of macrocephaly, progressive pyramidal signs, and seizures in congenital and infantile subtypes. Neuropathologically are enormous number of Rosenthal fibers (RF) mainly around vessels, in subependymal and subpial regions are found. The diagnosis is based on the typical findings on MRI: diffuse white mater lesions with frontal regions preponderance and possibly on the detection of the gene mutation. Here we present six Polish children affected of Alexander disease with congenital (1), infantile (4) and juvenile (1) form. Five of them were previously misdiagnosed as cerebral palsy or unspecific developmental delay; two patients had MRI because of another suspicion, before specific diagnosis was established. Molecular analysis performed in four cases confirmed mutations of GFAP gene; all mutation were de novo. The role of astroglia in brain is shortly reviewed.

  16. Mapping of protein-protein interaction network of Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saxena, A K; Saxena, V L; Dixit, S

    2016-05-30

    Alexander disease (ALXD) is slowly progressive neurodegenerative disorder which affects white matter of the central nervous system. The main cause of disorder is mutation in GFAP gene and mutation in some other genes were also reported. This study was aimed at getting a better insight into ALXD pathogenesis and identifying the important functional and highly interconnected nodes in human protein interaction network, identifying the important sub-networks in the system could be helpful in understanding the underlying molecular mechanism. The topological analysis of human protein interaction network strategy to identify highly interconnected sub-network modules from which six proteins are found i.e. GFAP, PLEC, CRYAB, NDUFV1, CASP3 and MAPK14 plays important role in disease. Further, the enrichment analysis of interaction network identifies crucial pathways in which most of the diseased proteins overlaps. Through system biology approach, the undirected human protein interaction network of ALXD is buildup with the help of Cytoscape tool and its various plugins helps to investigate network further. The systematic approach suggests the finding of previously known proteins, GFAP, PLEC, CRYAB, NDUFV1, CASP3 and MAPK14 can be used as a drug targets and potential treatment discovered also enrichment analysis will provide guidance for the future study on Alexander disease.

  17. [An atypical presentation of Infantile Alexander disease lacking macrocephaly].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmer, Carmen; Villegas-Aguilera, Miguel; Morales-Ibarra, Juan José; Bravo-Oro, Antonio

    Alexander disease is a rare form of leukodystrophy that involves mainly astrocytes; it is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and occurs by mutations in the GFAP gene, located on chromosome 17q21. It can occur at any age and its infantile form is characterized by macrocephaly, seizures, severe motor and cognitive delay, and progressive spasticity or ataxia. An 8-month-old female was evaluated with a history of neurodevelopmental delay and unprovoked focal motor seizures. Physical examination showed normal head circumference, increased motor responses to tactile and noise stimuli, pyramidal signs and no visceromegalies. Widespread hypodense white matter was found on magnetic resonance and lumbar puncture showed hyperproteinorrachia. Krabbe disease was ruled out by enzymatic assay and gene sequencing of GALC. In the reassessment of the case, abnormalities in neuroimaging lead to suspicion of Alexander disease, and GFAP gene sequencing reported a pathogenic mutation in exon 4 c.716G>A, which caused a change of arginine to histidine at position 239 of the protein (p.Arg239His). The radiographic signs observed in the resonance were decisive for the diagnosis, later confirmed by molecular study. It is important to consider that certain mutations are not associated with macrocephaly, which may cause delay in diagnosis. Copyright © 2016 Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  18. Alexander disease with periventricular calcification: a novel mutation of the GFAP gene

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jefferson, Rosalind J.; Absoud, Michael; Jain, Rakesh; Livingston, John H.; van der Knaap, Marjo S.; Jayawant, Sandeep

    2010-01-01

    Alexander disease is a rare neurodegenerative leucoencephalopathy caused by de novo mutations in the GFAP gene. Infantile, juvenile, and adult subtypes have been described and the clinical and radiological phenotypes are broad. Here we report on a single case of juvenile-onset Alexander disease

  19. 76 FR 28226 - Ndahendekire Barbara v. African Shipping; Njoroge Muhia; Alco Logistics, Llc; Brenda Alexander...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-16

    ... Ndahendekire Barbara v. African Shipping; Njoroge Muhia; Alco Logistics, Llc; Brenda Alexander; and AIR 7 Seas... ``Complainant,'' against African Shipping; Njoroge Muhia, ALCO Logistics, LLC; Brenda Alexander; and Air 7 Seas Transport Logistics, Inc.; hereinafter ``Respondents''. Complainant asserts that she is acting agent for...

  20. Whole rice bran for beef heifers raised on alexander grass pasture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. R. Salvador

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the development of beef heifers exclusively fed alexander grass (Urochloa plantaginea (Link Hitch or alexander grass and whole rice meal as supplement offered from Monday to Friday. The experimental design was completely randomized, with repeated measures over time, and consisted of two treatments and three replications of area. Heifers receiving whole rice meal exhibited higher average daily gain after day 42 of pasture use and a 21% higher body weight at the end of the grazing period. The stocking rate, weight gain per area, hip height, weight-height ratio, and body condition score were similar for heifers exclusively fed alexander grass and alexander grass plus rice bran. Beef heifers raised exclusively on alexander grass from 15 to 18 months of age reached adequate body development, reproductive tract score (4.22 points and pelvic area (206.3 cm² to be bred at 18-20 months of age.

  1. Interview with Professor Mark Wilcox.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcox, Mark

    2016-08-01

    Mark Wilcox speaks to Georgia Patey, Commissioning Editor: Professor Mark Wilcox is a Consultant Microbiologist and Head of Microbiology at the Leeds Teaching Hospitals (Leeds, UK), the Professor of Medical Microbiology at the University of Leeds (Leeds, UK), and is the Lead on Clostridium difficile and the Head of the UK C. difficile Reference Laboratory for Public Health England (PHE). He was the Director of Infection Prevention (4 years), Infection Control Doctor (8 years) and Clinical Director of Pathology (6 years) at the Leeds Teaching Hospitals. He is Chair of PHE's Rapid Review Panel (reviews utility of infection prevention and control products for National Health Service), Deputy Chair of the UK Department of Health's Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare Associated Infection Committee and a member of PHE's HCAI/AR Programme Board. He is a member of UK/European/US working groups on C. difficile infection. He has provided clinical advice as part of the FDA/EMA submissions for the approval of multiple novel antimicrobial agents. He heads a healthcare-associated infection research team at University of Leeds, comprising approximately 30 doctors, scientists and nurses; projects include multiple aspects of C. difficile infection, diagnostics, antimicrobial resistance and the clinical development of new antimicrobial agents. He has authored more than 400 publications, and is the coeditor of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (5th/6th/7th Editions, 15 December 2007).

  2. Ascensión al Teide de Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Heyd

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung In dieser kurzen Abhandlung wird dargelegt, dass Alexander von Humboldt durch die Besteigung des Teide eine integrierende Perspektive erwerben konnte, die ihm als Rahmen wissenschaftlicher Kommunikation dienen würde um die Vielzahl der Daten, welche er sich vorgenommen hatte auf der Insel zu sammeln, zu vereinen. Darüber hinaus wird ihm dieser Rahmen von hier an auch dazu dienen, um den unzähligen und verschiedenartigen Informationen, die er in den verbleibenden fünf Reisejahren sammeln würde, einen einheitlichen Sinn zu geben. Um die Blickrichtung von Humboldts Besuch auf Teneriffa darzulegen, untersuche ich seinen Bericht über die Besteigung des Teide unter der Annahme, dass er den Aufbau epischer Reisen und Pilgerfahrten hat. Summary In this brief essay I propose that, with the ascent of the Teide, Alexander von Humboldt was able to acquire an integrating perspective that served him as a framework for scientific communication to unify the multitude of data that he had set out to collect during his brief stay on the island. Moreover, thereafter this framework would also serve him to give a unified sense to the countless and diverse kinds of information that he could collect during the remaining five years of travel. To bring out the focus of Humboldt’s visit to Tenerife, I analyse his account of the ascent of the Teide by assuming that it is structured in the manner of the stories of epic journeys and pilgrimages. Resumen En este breve ensayo propongo que en la ascensión al Teide Alexander von Humboldt pudo adquirir una perspectiva integral, que le sirvió como marco de comunicación científica para aunar la multitud de datos que se había dispuesto a recoger en su breve estancia en la isla. Más aun, de ahí en adelante este marco además le serviría para darle sentido de conjunto a las incontables y diversas informaciones que recogería en los restantes cinco años de viaje. Para poner en evidencia el enfoque de la

  3. Disorders of Astrocytes: Alexander Disease as a Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olabarria, Markel; Goldman, James E

    2017-01-24

    Astrocytes undergo important phenotypic changes in many neurological disorders, including strokes, trauma, inflammatory diseases, infectious diseases, and neurodegenerative diseases. We have been studying the astrocytes of Alexander disease (AxD), which is caused by heterozygous mutations in the GFAP gene, which is the gene that encodes the major astrocyte intermediate filament protein. AxD is a primary astrocyte disease because GFAP expression is specific to astrocytes in the central nervous system (CNS). The accumulation of extremely large amounts of GFAP causes many molecular changes in astrocytes, including proteasome inhibition, stress kinase activation, mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) activation, loss of glutamate and potassium buffering capacity, loss of astrocyte coupling, and changes in cell morphology. Many of these changes appear to be common to astrocyte reactions in other neurological disorders. Using AxD to illuminate common mechanisms, we discuss the molecular pathology of AxD astrocytes and compare that to astrocyte pathology in other disorders.

  4. The Astronomer Alexander I. Postoiev (1900-1976)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dos Santos, P. M.; Matsuura, O. T.

    This is a biographical note on the life of Dr Alexander I. Postoiev, a victim of Stalin's purge of Soviet astronomers in 1936-1937 (McCutcheon, 1985). Along with his family, he left the Soviet Union in 1943, and lived in Germany as a refugee and "displaced person" until 1952, when he moved to Brazil. Then he started the second part of his professional career. Thanks to his efforts the Astronomical and Geophysical Institute (IAG) from the University of Sao Paulo (USP) was involved, for the first time, in programme of international cooperation, thus contributing to the institutional consolidation of IAG/USP as a leading centre of astronomical research and teaching today in Brazil.

  5. Hypertextuality in the Alexander von Humboldt Digital Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Detlev Doherr

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available To do justice to the legacy of Alexander von Humboldt, a 19th century German scientist and explorer an information and knowledge management system is required to preserve the author's original intent and promote an awareness of all his relevant works. Although all of Humboldt's works can be found on the internet as digitized papers, the complexity and internal interconnectivity of the writings is not very transparent. Humboldt's concepts of interaction cannot be adequately represented only by digitized papers or scanned documents. The Humboldt Portal is an attempt to create a new generation of digital libraries, providing a new form of interaction and synthesis between humanistic texts and scientific observation. The digital version of his documents supplies dynamic links to sources, maps, images, graphs and relevant texts in accordance with his visions, because "everything is interconnectedness".

  6. In Memoru of Alexander M. Poniatoff (1892 – 1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. P. Samokhin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A brief overview of the life and works of the main achievements of Alexander M. Poniatoff is given. He was an outstanding engineer and founder of AMPEX – American company that won the world recognition in the field of magnetic recording of signals. The description of life AM Poniatowa in childhood and youth, his education in Russia and Germany, in the imperial service, and the "white" army, emigration and employment in the United States, including the establishment of the company AMPEX details and interesting facts from its progressive development into a global leader audio and video equipment. The AMPEX engineers created the world's first tape recorders and videotape recorders of professional quality, which contributed to the radical improvement of the radio and television broadcasting technologies. Twelve development AMPEX awarded prizes Emmy Awards, awarded by the American Academy of Television Arts & Sciences and the four recognized as the best in the category Monitor Awards International Society of television production.

  7. Roger Bacon in der Sicht Alexander von Humboldts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Müller

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Articel in german, abstracts in englisch, german and español In his model of the six epochs of the history of science, Alexander von Humboldt sees scarcely any lights able to break through the occidental darkness in the time between the scientific prime of the arabic world and the expeditions of Columbus. The most prominent of these few pioneers to Humboldt is the fransciscan monc Roger Bacon who excelled in almost all disciplines and emphasized on the unity of the sciences. Humboldt honors the Englishman with detailed examinations of his Opus maius in Kosmos and also in his popular speeches in the Berlin Singakademie as well as in the examen critique on the history of geography of the New World.

  8. Professor Gender, Age, and "Hotness" in Influencing College Students' Generation and Interpretation of Professor Ratings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohr-Preston, Sara L.; Boswell, Stefanie S.; McCaleb, Kayla; Robertson, Deanna

    2016-01-01

    A sample of 230 undergraduate psychology students rated their expectations of a bogus professor (who was randomly designated a man or woman and "hot" versus "not hot") based on ratings and comments found on RateMyProfessors.com. Five professor qualities were derived using principal components analysis: dedication,…

  9. Effects of Alexander Technique training experience on gait behavior in older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neill, Matthew M; Anderson, David I; Allen, Diane D; Ross, Christopher; Hamel, Kate A

    2015-07-01

    Heightened fall risk, potentially caused by aging-related changes in gait, is a serious health issue faced by older adults. The Alexander Technique is thought to improve balance and motor function; however, the technique's effect on gait has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Alexander Technique training in older adults on the temporospatial characteristics of gait and medio-lateral center of mass displacement during fast and comfortably paced over-ground walking. Six licensed Alexander Technique teachers and seven controls between the ages of 60 and 75 years of age participated in the study. Alexander Technique teachers exhibited a reduction in medio-lateral center of mass displacement during fast paced walking compared to comfortably paced walking that was not present in controls. Due to this difference Alexander Technique teachers displayed a smaller medio-lateral Center of Mass displacement compared to controls during fast paced walking. Alexander Technique teachers also demonstrated significantly smaller stride width and lower gait timing variability compared to controls. These findings, which suggest superior control of dynamic stability during gait and potentially reduced fall risk in Alexander Technique teachers, warrant further study. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. 'Supermentoring' of assistant professors' teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Ole

    Aarhus University offers a mandatory pedagogical training program for assistant professors, required in order to obtain tenure at a Danish university. At Business and Social Sciences, this program is supplemented by voluntary observation and (first of all formative) supervision of the assistant...... professors’ teaching practice. This offer is given is (i) because many young university teachers face problems putting pedagogical theory into practice – even though the program mentioned is practice-oriented, and (ii) because many of them (partly due to (i)) lack self-confidence as to teaching....... The presentation will discuss the theoretical framework of the supervision given and compare it to other supervision models. Furthermore it will address the need of working with supervision in a SOTL context. Attendees will be activated through discussion of short prototypical cases. A possible – and desired...

  11. Observations on Professor Hayek's Plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludwig von Mises

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This memorandum was written at the request of Henry Hazlitt to provide Mises’s comments on and concerns about F.A. Hayek’s initial proposals for what became the Mont Pèlerin Society. Mises stresses that those who favor liberty and freedom and oppose totalitarianism must also oppose interventionism. The memo argues that those who fought and lost against the rising tide of totalitarianism at the turn of the 20th Century lost their battles because they settled for middle-of-the-road policies that conceded considerable ground to the socialists. The weak point in Professor Hayek’s plan is that it relies upon the cooperation of many men who are today’s middle-of-the-roaders. As interventionists, they may not be the hoped-for intellectual pioneers to inspire people to build a freer world.

  12. Professor Camillo Negro's Neuropathological Films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiò, Adriano; Gianetto, Claudia; Dagna, Stella

    2016-01-01

    Camillo Negro, Professor in Neurology at the University of Torino, was a pioneer of scientific film. From 1906 to 1908, with the help of his assistant Giuseppe Roasenda and in collaboration with Roberto Omegna, one of the most experienced cinematographers in Italy, he filmed some of his patients for scientific and educational purposes. During the war years, he continued his scientific film project at the Military Hospital in Torino, filming shell-shocked soldiers. In autumn 2011, the Museo Nazionale del Cinema, in partnership with the Faculty of Neurosciences of the University of Torino, presented a new critical edition of the neuropathological films directed by Negro. The Museum's collection also includes 16 mm footage probably filmed in 1930 by Doctor Fedele Negro, Camillo's son. One of these films is devoted to celebrating the effects of the so-called "Bulgarian cure" on Parkinson's disease.

  13. How College Students View a Professor's Role

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadzella, Bernadette M.

    1977-01-01

    Views of 3,670 students from six colleges and universities on most and least important traits of an ideal professor were analyzed. All data were collected with the same instrument. Data revealed students selected similar MOST and LEAST important traits of a quality professor. (Author)

  14. Finnish Students' Perceptions of a Visiting Professor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haussler, Susan C.; Paavilainen, Eija; Astedt-Kurki, Paivi

    2003-01-01

    Finnish nursing students (n=31) evaluated their experience with a visiting Fulbright professor. Students were satisfied with course content, teaching methods, and information about the U.S. health care system. They thought the professor should have been more knowledgeable about Finnish culture, education, and health care. (Contains 15 references.)…

  15. Professor Delight: Cultivating Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazen, Abdelmagid; Herman, Susan; Ornstein, Suzyn

    2008-01-01

    This article describes the rationale for and use of a class innovation the authors call "professor delight." This inexpensive, high-yield concept allows students and professors to enact their understanding of citizenship throughout the term, and often beyond. The authors explain the concept, describe its implementation in class, and link it to the…

  16. Memorial to Martin Alexander Baumhoff (1926-1983)

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas, David Hurst

    1984-01-01

    M. A. Baumhoff, Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Davis, was born in Camino, California, on December 22, 1926. He died of cancer on March 27, 1983. After joining the Davis faculty in 1958, he served as Chairman of the Department of Anthropology from 1963 to 1966. For the next two years, during the heyday of so-called student unrest, he was the Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs at Davis.

  17. Biographical memoir: Alexander Beaumont Hope, Australian biophysicist, 1928-2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Peter H; Coster, Hans G L; Chow, Wah Soon

    2009-12-01

    This introductory article is the first of four short articles from the Tribute to Alex Hope Symposium held at the 2008 Australian Society for Biophysics meeting in Canberra, Australia, as a tribute to Professor Alex Hope, who died in July last year. As well as briefly introducing the other three articles by three former PhD students, it will also be a biographical memoir of Alex Hope.

  18. Memorial to Professor Antonio Barone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tafuri, Francesco; Pepe, Giampiero; Vaglio, Ruggero

    2014-04-01

    Antonio Barone prematurely passed away on 4 December 2011 at the age of 72, after a one-year battle with cancer. He left behind his wife Sveva and his two sons, Alberto and Livio. Antonio was Professor Emeritus at the University of Napoli Federico II, where he had been teaching for about 40 years. The initial research activity of Antonio was in the field of nuclear physics. In this context, almost 45 years ago, the Ge 'Lithium drift' semiconductor detectors represented a novelty, due to the high energy resolution enabled by those devices. Superconductors stimulated new approaches to radiation detection and this motivated Antonio's interest towards superconductivity. Following the birth of the Laboratorio di Cibernetica of the CNR in 1967 he was given the opportunity to work on a joint USA-Italy project (University of Wisconsin, Madison and CNR Naples) in the field of superconductivity on the peculiar subject of the superconductive 'Neuristors'. His research activity on Josephson junctions opened up a wide variety of very stimulating subjects in which he was deeply involved, ranging from the soliton propagation in 'long' Josephson structures to fluctuations phenomena, from light-sensitive junctions and proximity effect to the development of innovative superconducting devices. The strong interaction of Antonio with the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of the Academy of Sciences in Moscow, characterizes a long period of his research activity with a precious merging of theoretical and experimental aspects. This body of work converged into the famous monograph on the 'Physics and Applications of the Josephson Effect', written in collaboration with Gianfranco Paternò in 1982. This rapidly became the reference text for the Josephson effect, as documented by thousands of citations and the fact that it was translated into Russian, Japanese and Chinese. In 1983 Antonio was awarded the highest academic title of 'Doctor of the Physical-Mathematical Sciences' by the

  19. Alexander disease with periventricular calcification: a novel mutation of the GFAP gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jefferson, Rosalind J; Absoud, Michael; Jain, Rakesh; Livingston, John H; VAN DER Knaap, Marjo S; Jayawant, Sandeep

    2010-12-01

    Alexander disease is a rare neurodegenerative leucoencephalopathy caused by de novo mutations in the GFAP gene. Infantile, juvenile, and adult subtypes have been described and the clinical and radiological phenotypes are broad. Here we report on a single case of juvenile-onset Alexander disease associated with a novel frameshift mutation in the GFAP gene. The 8-year-old male patient had a relatively mild clinical phenotype characterized by dystonia, intermittent episodes of raised intracranial pressure, and characteristic radiological changes. He also presented with the additional and to our knowledge previously unreported, neuroimaging finding of periventricular calcification. We postulate that in children with leucoencephalopathy and periventricular calcification of undetermined aetiology, the diagnosis of Alexander disease should be considered. If the magnetic resonance imaging findings are compatible with Alexander disease, then DNA analysis of the GFAP gene should be performed even if the full criteria for a neuroradiological diagnosis are not met.

  20. Alexander Theodor von Middendorff ja sihikindla hobusearetuse algus Eestis / Erki Tammiksaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammiksaar, Erki, 1969-

    2012-01-01

    Alexander Theodor von Middendorffi tegevusest hobuse füsioloogia ning anatoomia uurijana ja Eesti maatõugu hobuse aretussuundade seadjana Tori hobusekasvanduses Liivimaa Üldkasulik ja Ökonoomiline Sotsieteedi presidendina

  1. The Berlin tradition in Chicago: Franz Alexander and the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Erika S

    2010-01-01

    Freud considered Franz Alexander, the first graduate of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute and an assistant in the Berlin Polyclinic, to be "one of our strongest hopes for the future." Alexander went on to become the first director of the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis in 1932 and modeled some of the Chicago Institute's mission on his Berlin experiences. He was also a researcher in psychosomatic medicine, a prolific writer about psychoanalysis and prominent in psychoanalytic organizations. As he proposed modifications in psychoanalytic technique, he became a controversial figure, especially in the elaboration of his ideas about brief therapy and the corrective emotional experience. This paper puts Alexander's achievements in historical context, draws connections between the Berlin and Chicago Institutes and suggests that, despite his quarrels with traditional psychoanalysis, Alexander's legacy may be in his attitude towards psychoanalysis, characterized by a commitment to scientific study, a willingness to experiment, and a conviction about the role of psychoanalysis within the larger culture.

  2. THE IMAGE OF THE TSAR ABANDONING HIS THRONE IN ALEXANDER PUSHKIN'S POETRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lebedeva E. S.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the image of the Tzar, who abandoned his family name, throne and crown and hid to repent his sins, created by Alexander Pushkin in his poems "Angelo" and "Roderick".

  3. 76 FR 54800 - Sandy Alexander, Clifton, NJ; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... Application for Reconsideration for the workers and former workers of Sandy Alexander, Clifton, New Jersey... facts not previously considered; or (3) if in the opinion of the Certifying Officer, a mis...

  4. A Russian Man on Horseback: The Rise of General Alexander Lebed

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Malley, Kevin

    1997-01-01

    General Alexander Lebed burst upon the Russian political scene like a man on horseback, promising to restore order out of chaos, crack down on crime and corruption, and resurrect Russian nationalism...

  5. The Alexander Technique and musicians: a systematic review of controlled trials

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Klein, Sabine D; Bayard, Claudine; Wolf, Ursula

    2014-01-01

    .... Therefore, some use the Alexander Technique (AT), a psycho-physical method that helps to release unnecessary muscle tension and re-educates non-beneficial movement patterns through intentional inhibition of unwanted habitual behaviours...

  6. Educating with the hands: working on the body/self in Alexander Technique

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tarr, Jennifer

    Traditionally, forms of body work such as Alexander Technique have been excluded from mainstream biomedicine and healthcare, despite attempts by practitioners to have the work accepted within the medical community...

  7. The effect of Alexander technique training program: A qualitative study of ordinary behavior application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Soo-Yeon; Baek, Soon Gi

    2014-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to configure and apply the Alexander technique training program and assess the effect of program through physical, emotional and behavioral aspects. To achieve the research aims, qualitative research method had been conducted, subjecting 8 people, who were participating in Alexander Technique training program for this study. The study used focus group interview method for collecting date and employed for the interview method by mixing the semi-structured and unstructured questionnaire. The results were followings. First, one could develop body awareness and body consciousness through experiencing lived bodily sensation. Second, from Alexander Technique training program, people experienced psycho & physical's equilibrium. Third, one could change not only the manner of use of body but also the attitude to the life from conscious attention to daily ordinary movement. The results provided empirical evidence of Alexander Technique training program's functions in terms of physical, emotional and behavioral aspect through the process of consciousness control from lived body education.

  8. Clinical experience in late antiquity: Alexander of Tralles and the therapy of epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouras-Vallianatos, Petros

    2014-07-01

    Alexander of Tralles, writing in the late sixth century, combined his wide-ranging practical knowledge with earlier medical theories. This article shows how clinical experience is used in Alexander's works by concentrating on his therapeutic advice on epilepsy and, in particular, on pharmacology and the group of so-called natural remedies. I argue that clinical testing is used not only for the introduction of new medicines but also as an instrument for checking the therapeutic effect of popular healing practices. On another level, this article discusses Alexander's role as the author of a medical compendium; it suggests that by marking the cases of clinical testing with a set of recurrent expressions, Alexander leads his audience to reflect on his medical authority and personal contribution.

  9. Siim Nestor soovitab : Ben Frost ja Alexander Robotnik Eclectical / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Austraalia muusik ja helilooja Ben Frost projektiga "6 guitars" esinemas festivali Eclectica raames 6. sept. Tartu klubis Rock ja Roll ja itaalia diskor Alexander Robotnik 7. sept. klubis Trehv, esinejatest

  10. Alexander disease as a cause of nocturnal vomiting in a 7-year-old girl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niinikoski, Harri [University of Turku, Department of Paediatrics, Turku (Finland); Haataja, Leena [University of Turku, Department of Paediatrics, Turku (Finland); University of Turku, Department of Pediatric Neurology, Turku (Finland); Brander, Antti [University of Tampere, Department of Radiology, Tampere (Finland); Valanne, Leena [University of Helsinki, Department of Radiology, Helsinki (Finland); Blaser, Susan [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Radiology, Toronto (Canada)

    2009-08-15

    Alexander disease is a rare form of leukodystrophy with a highly variable clinical course. Occasionally night-time nausea and vomiting are the first symptoms of juvenile Alexander disease. A 7-year-old girl had recurrent night-time vomiting and her growth and weight gain had deteriorated after her sixth birthday. Cranial MRI demonstrated two small, symmetrical focal areas of abnormally high signal intensity in the dorsal medulla oblongata on T2-W and FLAIR images. These were suggestive of juvenile Alexander disease, and subsequent sequencing of the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene revealed a heterogeneous missense mutation in the GFAP gene in exon 6. Alexander disease should be considered in young patients with atypical anorexia nervosa-type symptoms. (orig.)

  11. La pasión de Alexander Crichton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matusevich, Daniel

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Alexander Crichton was born in Edinburgh in 1763; he graduated from Leyden University and travelled through Berlín, Paris, Stuttgart, Prague and Gotinga to perfect his knowledge in medicine while he establish a deep connection between the social media and the culture of those places. On 1798 he published An inquiry into the nature and origin of Mental Derangement, the only book he wrote dedicated to madness. In this paper we review some questions referred to the general method that the author applies, his contributions to the semiotics of the mind and to the analysis of the process of aging and the function of the attention; we also take a look to his conception of the world of passions and of madness, who influenced Philippe Pinel and Dominique Esquirol and also constitute a cornerstone in the birth of psychiatry.Alexander Crichton, nació en Edimburgo en 1763, se graduó en la Universidad de Leyden y completó su formación médica en Berlín, Paris, Stuttgart, Praga y Gotinga, vinculándose estrechamente con el ambiente social y cultural de esos prestigiosos centros europeos. En el año 1798 publicó An Inquiry into the nature and origin of Mental Derangement (Investigación sobre la naturaleza y el origen del trastorno mental, única obra de su autoría dedicada a la locura. En este artículo se analizan algunas cuestiones referidas al método general que aplica el autor para la concepción de su obra, sus contribuciones a la semiología de la mente, al análisis del proceso de envejecimiento y a la función de la atención, para detenernos, finalmente, en su conceptuación del mundo de las pasiones y de la locura que fueron retomadas por otros autores como Philippe Pinel y Dominique Esquirol, y que constituyeron un antecedente fundamental en el nacimiento de la psiquiatría.

  12. [An infant form of Alexander disease (a clinical case and literature review)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasin, R A; Krasnikov, M A; Vasina, S V

    We present a case of the infant form of Alexander disease. The case uniqueness is that the patient's examination had been started at the preclinical stage and was continued during the manifestation and fastigium of disease. We present rare images obtained during neurosonography at the preclinical stage of the disease as well as the unique findings of MRI studies. The MRI findings at disease onset and 3 years later indicate that the infant form of Alexander disease is characterized by clinical stages.

  13. History and Pre-History of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation

    OpenAIRE

    D. Platikanov

    2014-01-01

    In this paper a short review of the history of Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Bonn - Bad Godesberg, Germany, on the occasion of its 60th anniversary is presented. This outstanding German foundation is actually the third one with the same name. Earlier two other Alexander von Humboldt Foundations consequently existed and they consist its pre-history, which is also shortly reviewed. The establishment of the present Foundation in 1953, its development and growth, its activities, information ...

  14. An exploration of the potential contributions of the Alexander Technique to piano pedagogy

    OpenAIRE

    Santiago, Patricia Furst

    2004-01-01

    This study investigates to what extent a specific body-mind technique - the Alexander Technique - helps young Brazilian piano pupils to improve their approach to learning and their perforinance. The study took as its starting point a review of the literature on the Alexander Technique and on piano pedagogy, written in English and Portuguese, as well as a range of related and complementary literatures. Data was collected using several methods, including an experimental strategy with random all...

  15. PROFESSORES: IMAGENS DO FUTURO PRESENTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maitê Alves Bezerra

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Ao observar a comunidade portuguesa que busca compreender a historicidade das formas e dos processos de escolarização por meio do estabelecimento de intenso diálogo com outras comunidades, é impossível não dar destaque à figura de António Manuel Seixas Nóvoa. Nascido em Lisboa no ano de 1954, aos 18 anos inicia o curso de Ciências da Educação na Universidade de Lisboa. Após lecionar em importantes universidades tais como Paris V, Oxford e Columbia University, atualmente acumula as posições de reitor da Universidade de Lisboa e professor catedrático da Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação na Instituição. Nóvoa tem se destacado à frente de debates internacionais a respeito da história da educação e educação comparada.

  16. THE BISHOP OF NOLINSK ALEXANDER (MALININ: FOGOTTEN CONFESSOR OF THE FAITH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. KOSTRYUKOV

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The article describes life of Vyatka diocese vicar bishop of Nolinsk Alexander (Malinin. Currently fates of hierarch who was ordained in 1920–1930 isn’t investigated. One of the problems in biography of bishop Alexander is mistake of Metropolitan Elevfery (Bogoyavlensky. He called this hierarch John in his book “A week in Patriarhiya”. As a result, bishop Alexander was mentioned twice in all directories — under his own name and under name “bishop John of Glazov”. Life of bishop Alexander was almost unknown. But his biography was managed to establish. According to an investigative case he was arrested two weeks later, after bishop’s ordination in the night from 10-th to 11-th of December. He was arrested because he said reckless statement during his ordination. In his speech he spoke about persecution of the Church and bishop’ arrests. This speech was pronounced in the in the presence of foreign hierarch — Elevfery (Bogoyavlensky. Bishop Alexander was blamed of trying to transmit information abroad about persecution of the Orthodox Church. He was senteneed to three years in camps. He died when he arrived of the place. In the article is concluded that we should approach to source (such as “A week in Patriarhiya” with precautions. Moreover, author pay attention that until recently name of bishop Alexander absented in passionless of casualties of Communist repressions. So, we must explore feats of Martyrs and Russian confessors more actively.

  17. The life and music of Alexander Scriabin: megalomania revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starcevic, Vladan

    2012-02-01

    To shed more light on the relationship between the grandiosity of the Russian composer Alexander Scriabin (1872-1915) and his creative output, and discuss its implications for psychopathology. Scriabin was a highly original composer, who brought innovations to the idiom of music. He firmly believed that music and philosophy were inseparable and that music was only a vehicle for expressing ideas and emotional states. As Scriabin was getting more preoccupied with mysticism and as he was developing a belief that his mission was to save the world through his art, his music became more esoteric. Over the last five years of his life, he composed relatively little, as he was working on a supergrandiose project that he never completed. Scriabin's grandiosity, which had delusional qualities, might have diminished his creativity towards the end of his life and contributed to his destructive fantasies. All along, his social façade was well preserved and he was not noted to exhibit overt psychotic behaviour, suggesting an encapsulated delusional megalomania. The implications of megalomania, especially in creative or otherwise influential individuals, are briefly discussed.

  18. Сharitable activities of Alexander Andreevich Zhelobovskiy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhukova Lekkha

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to charitable works of Alexander Andreevich Zhelobovskiy, and his participation in various charitable General communities. He was the first Russian protopresbyter of the military clergy and did much to shape the staff of experienced and knowledgeable priests who actively worked not only to ensure religious worship in the army, but also for the Patriotic upbringing of soldiers. In these purposes and based on personal beliefs, Zhelobovskiy set up several scholarships for talented students studying in the Theological Academies. In addition, Zhelobovskiy made a great contribution to provision of pensions little-haves elderly priests, as well as to their widows and orphans. To help the poor, by Zhelobovskiy’s own money was built candle factory, profit from which amounted to “orphan’s capital”. The scope of the paper includes the activities of the first Russian protopresbyter of the military clergy on the planting and construction of military and regimental churches in various cities. Until 1901 military churches were required to actively participate in the search of philanthropists. One of the themes of this article is the charity organization and own philanthropy activities Zhelobovskiy during the Russo-Japanese war. Special attention is paid to the contribution of Zhelobovskiy in the case of charity on his «small Motherland». Where Zhelobovskiy not only built the temple, but also established the hospice and also did much to Belozersky spiritual school.

  19. Alexander Forbes, Walter Cannon, and science-based literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garson, Justin

    2013-01-01

    The Harvard physiologists Alexander Forbes (1882-1965) and Walter Bradford Cannon (1871-1945) had an enormous impact on the physiology and neuroscience of the twentieth century. In addition to their voluminous scientific output, they also used literature to reflect on the nature of science itself and its social significance. Forbes wrote a novel, The Radio Gunner, a literary memoir, Quest for a Northern Air Route, and several short stories. Cannon, in addition to several books of popular science, wrote a literary memoir in the last year of his life, The Way of an Investigator. The following will provide a brief overview of the life and work of Forbes and Cannon. It will then discuss the way that Forbes used literature to express his views about the changing role of communications technology in the military, and his evolving view of the nervous system itself as a kind of information-processing device. It will go on to discuss the way that Cannon used literature to articulate the horrors he witnessed on the battlefield, as well as to contribute to the philosophy of science, and in particular, to the logic of scientific discovery. Finally, it will consider the historical and philosophical value of deeper investigation of the literary productions of scientists. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Expedition 8 Crew Interviews: Alexander Y. Kaleri - FE

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    Russian cosmonaut Alexander Y. Kaleri, Flight Engineer on Expedition 8 to the International Space Station (ISS), answers interview questions on this video, either himself or with the help of an interpreter. The questions cover: 1) The goal of the expedition; 2) The place in history of Mir; 3) The reaction to the loss of Columbia in Houston; 4) Why the rewards of spaceflight are worth the risks; 5) Why he decided to become a cosmonaut; 6) His memory of Yuri Gagarin's first flight; 7) What happens on a Soyuz capsule during launch and flight; 8) Are Soyuz maneuvers automatic or manual; 8) How the ISS science mission will be advanced during his stay; 9) The responsibilities of a Flight Engineer onboard the ISS; 10) Extravehicular activity (EVA) plans at that time; 11) The Shuttle Return to Flight and his preference for a Shuttle or Soyuz landing; 12) Why the last Soyuz landing was too rough; 13) The most valueable contribution of the ISS program.

  1. Spurensuche einer Rezeptionsgeschichte Alexander von Humboldt und Johann Gottfried Herder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernhard Hunger

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, German and Spanish.Alexander von Humboldt's work displays traces of Johann Gottfried Herder which are as multifaceted as the references to the latter are scarce. In light of this aspect, the present essay focuses on Humboldt's Physiognomy of Plants (1806, in which he explicitly mentions Herder for the first time in a publication. Two years later, the text is incorporated within Aspects of Nature (1808 ff.. In the third edition of Aspects (1849, Herder's name is curiously omitted. This omission is incomprehensible both in form and content. The historical context characterising the years between 1805 and 1808 suggests that Humboldt's references to Herder must have been made very deliberately. Humboldt's correspondence with the historian Johannes von M¸ller and other sources shows that Humboldt carefully studied Herder's writings. As the publisher of Herder's complete works, Johannes von M¸ller, who was Humboldtís friend and neighbour at the time, even considered Humboldt to be a direct descendant of the Herder school.

  2. Professor dr hab. Anna Maria Bujakiewicz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Kujawa

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the biography and scientific achievements of Professor Anna Bujakiewicz. After receiving her master’s degree and doctorate in biology and mycology from Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Professor Bujakiewicz continued her exciting research and teaching on mycology at her Alma Mater Posnaniensis for more than 50 years. Her publications in this field include many books, articles, and other scholarly reports.

  3. Randomized controlled trial of the Alexander technique for idiopathic Parkinson's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stallibrass, C; Sissons, P; Chalmers, C

    2002-11-01

    To determine whether the Alexander Technique, alongside normal treatment, is of benefit to people disabled by idiopathic Parkinson's disease. A randomized controlled trial with three groups, one receiving lessons in the Alexander Technique, another receiving massage and one with no additional intervention. Measures were taken pre- and post-intervention, and at follow-up, six months later. The Polyclinic at the University of Westminster, Central London. Ninety-three people with clinically confirmed idiopathic Parkinson's disease. The Alexander Technique group received 24 lessons in the Alexander Technique and the massage group received 24 sessions of massage. The main outcome measures were the Self-assessment Parkinson's Disease Disability Scale (SPDDS) at best and at worst times of day. Secondary measures included the Beck Depression Inventory and an Attitudes to Self Scale. The Alexander Technique group improved compared with the no additional intervention group, pre-intervention to post-intervention, both on the SPDDS at best, p = 0.04 (confidence interval (CI) -6.4 to 0.0) and on the SPDDS at worst, p = 0.01 (CI -11.5 to -1.8). The comparative improvement was maintained at six-month follow-up: on the SPDDS at best, p = 0.04 (CI -7.7 to 0.0) and on the SPDDS at worst, p = 0.01 (CI -11.8 to -0.9). The Alexander Technique group was comparatively less depressed post-intervention, p = 0.03 (CI -3.8 to 0.0) on the Beck Depression Inventory, and at six-month follow-up had improved on the Attitudes to Self Scale, p = 0.04 (CI -13.9 to 0.0). There is evidence that lessons in the Alexander Technique are likely to lead to sustained benefit for people with Parkinson's disease.

  4. Differences between Male Students' and Female Students' Perception of Professors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomkiewicz, Joseph; Bass, Kenneth

    2008-01-01

    This study is an empirical examination of possible differences between female and male college seniors' perceptions between male and female college professors. Subjects were presented with three variations of a scale designed to measure students' perceptions of university professors in general, female professors, and male professors. These…

  5. Phenotypic conversions of "protoplasmic" to "reactive" astrocytes in Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosunov, Alexander A; Guilfoyle, Eileen; Wu, Xiaoping; McKhann, Guy M; Goldman, James E

    2013-04-24

    Alexander Disease (AxD) is a primary disorder of astrocytes, caused by heterozygous mutations in GFAP, which encodes the major astrocyte intermediate filament protein, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Astrocytes in AxD display hypertrophy, massive increases in GFAP, and the accumulation of Rosenthal fibers, cytoplasmic protein inclusions containing GFAP, and small heat shock proteins. To study the effects of GFAP mutations on astrocyte morphology and physiology, we have examined hippocampal astrocytes in three mouse models of AxD, a transgenic line (GFAP(Tg)) in which the normal human GFAP is expressed in several copies, a knock-in line (Gfap(+/R236H)) in which one of the Gfap genes bears an R236H mutation, and a mouse derived from the mating of these two lines (GFAP(Tg); Gfap(+/R236H)). We report changes in astrocyte phenotype in all lines, with the most severe in the GFAP(Tg);Gfap(+/R236H), resulting in the conversion of protoplasmic astrocytes to cells that have lost their bushy-like morphology because of a reduction of distal fine processes, and become multinucleated and hypertrophic. Astrocytes activate the mTOR cascade, acquire CD44, and lose GLT-1. The altered astrocytes display a microheterogeneity in phenotypes, even neighboring cells. Astrocytes also show diminished glutamate transporter current, are significantly depolarized, and not coupled to adjacent astrocytes. Thus, the accumulation of GFAP in the AxD mouse astrocytes initiates a conversion of normal, protoplasmic astrocytes to astrocytes that display severely "reactive" characteristics, many of which may be detrimental to neighboring neurons and oligodendrocytes.

  6. Astrocyte pathology in Alexander disease causes a marked inflammatory environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olabarria, Markel; Putilina, Maria; Riemer, Ellen C; Goldman, James E

    2015-10-01

    Astrocytes and microglia are commonly involved in a wide variety of CNS pathologies. However, they are typically involved in a secondary response in which many cell types are affected simultaneously and therefore it is difficult to know their contributions to the pathology. Here, we show that pathological astrocytes in a mouse model of Alexander disease (AxD; GFAP (Tg);Gfap (+/R236H)) cause a pronounced immune response. We have studied the inflammatory response in the hippocampus and spinal cord of these mice and have found marked microglial activation, which follows that of astrocytes in a spatial pathological progression, as shown by increased levels of Iba1 and microglial cell (Iba1+) density. RNA sequencing and subsequent gene ontology (GO) analysis revealed that a majority of the most upregulated genes in GFAP (Tg);Gfap (+/R236H) mice are directly associated with immune function and that cytokine and chemokine GO attributes represent nearly a third of the total immune attributes. Cytokine and chemokine analysis showed CXCL10 and CCL2 to be the most and earliest increased molecules, showing concentrations as high as EAE or stroke models. CXCL10 was localized exclusively to astrocytes while CCL2 was also present in microglia. Despite the high levels of CXCL10 and CCL2, T cell infiltration was mild and no B cells were found. Thus, mutations in GFAP are sufficient to trigger a profound inflammatory response. The cellular stress caused by the accumulation of GFAP likely leads to the production of inflammatory molecules and microglial activation. Examination of human AxD CNS tissues also revealed microglial activation and T cell infiltrates. Therefore, the inflammatory environment may play an important role in producing the neuronal dysfunction and seizures of AxD.

  7. Increased dynamic regulation of postural tone through Alexander Technique training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cacciatore, T W; Gurfinkel, V S; Horak, F B; Cordo, P J; Ames, K E

    2011-02-01

    Gurfinkel and colleagues (2006) recently found that healthy adults dynamically modulate postural muscle tone in the body axis during anti-gravity postural maintenance and that this modulation is inversely correlated with axial stiffness. Our objective in the present study was to investigate whether dynamic modulation of axial postural tone can change through training. We examined whether teachers of the Alexander Technique (AT), who undergo "long-term" (3-year) training, have greater modulation of axial postural tone than matched control subjects. In addition, we performed a longitudinal study on the effect of "short-term" (10-week) AT training on the axial postural tone of individuals with low back pain (LBP), since short term AT training has previously been shown to reduce LBP. Axial postural tone was quantified by measuring the resistance of the neck, trunk and hips to small (±10°), slow (1°/s) torsional rotation during stance. Modulation of tone was determined by the torsional resistance to rotation (peak-to-peak, phase-advance, and variability of torque) and axial muscle activity (EMG). Peak-to-peak torque was lower (∼50%), while phase-advance and cycle-to-cycle variability were enhanced for AT teachers compared to matched control subjects at all levels of the axis. In addition, LBP subjects decreased trunk and hip stiffness following short-term AT training compared to a control intervention. While changes in static levels of postural tone may have contributed to the reduced stiffness observed with the AT, our results suggest that dynamic modulation of postural tone can be enhanced through long-term training in the AT, which may constitute an important direction for therapeutic intervention. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. The life and death of Alexander Bogdanov, physician.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huestis, D W

    1996-08-01

    It was early in April in 1928 when the word went out in Moscow that Alexander Bogdanov had died. He was a controversial figure, an old Bolshevik who had left that party long before the 1917 revolution and never returned. All the same, he had had Lenin's respect as a scientist (as long as he stayed out of politics). More recently, he also had the support of the new party strong man, Stalin. Bogdanov opposed the growing despotism of the "dictatorship of the proletariat", under which slogan Communist autocracy was being developed. But he was respected as a tireless propagandist for the socialist cause, an enthusiastic teacher of the proletariat, and a writer of arcane science and philosophy. Bogdanov was held in such respect that Communist bigwigs spoke glowingly at the funeral, praising his intellect, courage, and dedication to science and humanity. They did not fail to point out that he had split with his one-time friend, Lenin, and had succumbed to ideological "errors". Indeed, he had powerful enemies in the early Soviet state. Bogdanov was a physician, economist, philosopher, natural scientist, writer of utopian science fiction, poet, teacher, politician (unsuccesful), lifelong revolutionary, forerunner of what we now call cybernetics and organizational science, and founder of the world's first institution devoted entirely to the field of blood transfusion. You could call him a Renaissance man. Although he clearly fitted the category of the late-nineteenth-century Russian intellectual revolutionary, Bogdanov differed from most of them in being no dilettante. More than just a theorist, he was an active scientist and physician. As a teacher, he firmly believed that education and indoctrination could alter people's ways of thinking and behaving, and that humanity could be perfected under socialism. Like many revolutionaries, Bogdanov tried to keep ahead of the Tsar's police by using a variety of pseudonyms, among them Riadavoy, Werner, Maximov, and Bogdanov. After

  9. Accounting Professor Qualification in Digital Age: A Perception Study on Brazilian Professors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vendruscolo, Maria Ivanice; Behar, Patrícia Alejandra

    2015-01-01

    This papers aims at analyzing the perception of Accounting professors about the necessary qualifications in Accounting undergraduate courses. The contribution of this study is to theoretically discuss the education of Accounting professors, with empirical data, because Accounting teaching requires specific competencies in the digital area. The…

  10. Educating with the hands: working on the body/self in Alexander Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarr, Jennifer

    2011-02-01

    Traditionally, forms of body work such as Alexander Technique have been excluded from mainstream biomedicine and healthcare, despite attempts by practitioners to have the work accepted within the medical community. Using data from a UK-based study of Alexander Technique which combined participant observation, interviews with 17 teachers and pupils, and analysis of historical texts, this article examines the relationship of the Alexander Technique to the field of healthcare, looking at its embodied practices, and contrasting these with the discourses in which it is framed. Applying Foucault's concept of 'techniques of the self', the article examines Alexander Technique's physical practices as a form of embodied knowledge, and goes on to look at its use of particular ideas about nature and evolution as guiding authorities, its emphasis on holism through its conception of the 'self', and how it has been positioned in relation to biomedical approaches. The article argues that while the embodied practice of Alexander Technique has much to offer to mainstream healthcare, the discourses and knowledge systems in which it is embedded make it unlikely to receive mainstream medical acceptance. © 2010 The Author. Sociology of Health & Illness © 2010 Foundation for the Sociology of Health & Illness/Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  11. The housekeeper and the professor a novel

    CERN Document Server

    Ogawa, Yoko

    2010-01-01

    He is a brilliant math Professor with a peculiar problem—ever since a traumatic head injury, he has lived with only eighty minutes of short-term memory. She is an astute young Housekeeper—with a ten-year-old son—who is hired to care for the Professor. And every morning, as the Professor and the Housekeeper are introduced to each other anew, a strange and beautiful relationship blossoms between them. Though he cannot hold memories for long (his brain is like a tape that begins to erase itself every eighty minutes), the Professor's mind is still alive with elegant equations from the past. And the numbers, in all of their articulate order, reveal a sheltering and poetic world to both the Housekeeper and her young son. The Professor is capable of discovering connections between the simplest of quantities—like the Housekeeper's shoe size—and the universe at large, drawing their lives ever closer and more profoundly together, even as his memory slips away. Yoko Ogawa's The Housekeeper and the Professo...

  12. Obituary: Alexander (Andy) Franz Lubenow, 1956-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buie, Marc William

    2006-12-01

    Alexander (Andy) Franz Lubenow, Program Coordinator at the Space Telescope Science Institute, was diagnosed with cancer of the gallbladder, pancreas, and liver in May 2005 and died on 29 September 2005. He was forty-nine. Andy was born to Bodo and Helen Lubenow in St. Paul, Minnesota on 4 January 1956. In 1964 at the age of eight, he moved with his family to Buenos Aires, Argentina, and attended the American Community School there until returning with his family in 1973 to St. Paul. Argentina had a big impact on Andy's future as an astronomer. He later recalled how he had observed and was puzzled by the "upside-down" appearance of the Moon in the southern hemisphere. In Argentina, he built his first telescope using a mirror he had ground himself. He never parted ways with that instrument. Andy did not follow a standard educational track. He spent two years at St. Olaf College in Northfield, Minnesota, before transferring to the University of Minnesota, where he earned his bachelor's degree and began work towards a master's degree in astrophysics. Later he transferred to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he remained until Dr. Peter Stockman hired him to work on the Hubble Space Telescope project. While in school, he worked as a teacher's assistant, taught night school, and gave demonstrations of stargazing. He was an excellent teacher and had a flair for writing. He later wrote articles for a sailing magazine and a pilot's magazine. Andy was a very practical, meticulous, and steady worker, attributes that he combined with an understated and dry sense of humor. He was always able to find a way through a problem, no matter how sticky. If a job required him to roll up his sleeves and get it done through hard work, he would persevere. Nevertheless, he was always on the lookout for an easier way. He had no patience for being forced to deal with stupid things for stupid reasons. At work at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), Andy was

  13. Serial MRI changes in a patient with infantile Alexander disease and prolonged survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiihara, Takashi; Yoneda, Toru; Mizuta, Ikuko; Yoshida, Tomokatsu; Nakagawa, Masanori; Shimizu, Nobuzo

    2011-08-01

    Alexander disease is a major entity of leukodystrophy; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of the brain typically show extensive changes in the cerebral white matter with frontal predominance. Heterozygous missense mutations of GFAP are thought to be sufficient for the molecular diagnosis, which has widened the Alexander disease entity beyond the classical one. We report the patient, a 16-year-old Japanese boy, with infantile-onset Alexander disease, showing striking MRI findings; extreme white matter loss of cerebrum through cerebellum, severe atrophy of basal ganglia, cerebellum, brain stem, and cervical spinal cord. Molecular analysis showed a heterozygous mutation R239L (c.730G>T) in GFAP. A relative long disease course, over 15years, with the help of mechanical ventilation revealed the striking MRI progression. Copyright © 2010 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. God-pleasing scientist – archpriest Alexander Gorsky (to the 140th anniversary of the repose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melkov Andrey Sergeevich

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the memory of archpriest Alexander Gorsky (1812–1875, Moscow Theological Academy’s rector, pastor of the Church, historian, specialist in archaeography, divine and pedagogue. The author analyzes father Alexander’s scientific-pedagogical and pastoral ministry through his God-pleasing and holy life, which can be cold sacramental saga. Archpriest Alexander was a highly moral person, and it was reflected on in his serving God, people and science. His course of life and scientific heritage are closely connected with interchurch, interstate and public relations in Russia of the 19th century. The author has come to the conclusion, that nowadays there are objective reasons for the starting archpriest Alexander Gorsky’s canonization process.

  15. Professor Karel Oštir zum andenken

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Čop

    1973-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Redaktion der Zeitschrift tinguistica beschloss am Anfang des Jahres 1973, den XIII.Jg. der Vollendung des fünfundachtzigsten Lebensjahres, die Professor Karel Oštir am 13. Oktober feiern sollte, zu widmen. Da sich aber das Sammeln des Materials für diesen Jahrgang sowie der Druck des XII. Jahrganges allzusehr in die Länge gezogen hatten, ist uns das unerbittliche Schicksal zuvorgekommen: am 27. Dezember 1973 ist Professor Karel Oštir sanft entschlafen. Das Leben eines der eigenartigsten Sprachwissenschaftler aller Zei ten hat sich so erfüllt. Aus einer Festschrift musste nun eine Gedenkschrift werden.

  16. Professor Stewart's casebook of mathematical mysteries

    CERN Document Server

    Stewart, Ian

    2014-01-01

    Like its wildly popular predecessors Cabinet of Mathematical Curiosities and Hoard of Mathematical Treasures, Professor Stewart's brand-new book is a miscellany of over 150 mathematical curios and conundrums, packed with trademark humour and numerous illustrations. In addition to the fascinating formulae and thrilling theorems familiar to Professor Stewart's fans, the Casebook follows the adventures of the not-so-great detective Hemlock Soames and his sidekick Dr John Watsup (immortalised in the phrase 'Watsup, Doc?'). By a remarkable coincidence they live at 222B Baker Street, just a

  17. Review: Alexander Thurston, Boko Haram: The History of an African Jihadist Movement, Princeton: Princeton University Press (2017)

    OpenAIRE

    Roman Loimeier

    2018-01-01

    Review of the monograph: Alexander Thurston, Boko Haram: The History of an African Jihadist Movement, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017, ISBN 9780691172248, 333 pp. Besprechung der Monographie: Alexander Thurston, Boko Haram: The History of an African Jihadist Movement, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017, ISBN 9780691172248, 333 Seiten

  18. IN MEMORIAM: In Memoriam: Alexander A Golovin and Alexei M Oparin In Memoriam: Alexander A Golovin and Alexei M Oparin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    In Memoriam of Alexander A Golovin (1962-2008) Alexander (Sasha) Golovin passed away on 10 September 2008. Sasha's scientific heritage includes seminal works in different fields of physics, from Marangoni convection to self-assembly of quantum dots, and from combustion fronts to anomalous diffusion in flows and on a crystal surface. A graduate of the Moscow Institute for Physics and Technology, he had very broad scientific interests and a unique ability to identify and solve new, intellectually challenging and technologically important problems. One of the basic fields of Sasha's research was the fluid dynamics in systems with interfaces. His favorite subject was the motion of droplets, bubbles and particles in the presence of heat and mass transfer. Sasha's early works contained the discovery of the spontaneous motion of droplets due to the Marangoni effect and the investigation of the interaction between solid particles, bubbles and droplets caused by the Marangoni effect, which is a crucial factor that determines the effect of heat/mass transfer on the rate of coalescence. In both cases, Sasha's work was the first in a long sequence of papers written by different authors. Later, Sasha returned to that field when studying such fascinating subjects as levitation of droplets above the surface of an evaporating liquid and encapsulation of particles and bubbles by an advancing solidification front. The subject of interfacial hydrodynamics overlaps with another basic field of Sasha's research, the theory of pattern formation. The contribution of Sasha's work to the modern understanding of the variety of pattern formation phenomena is significant. It includes the analysis of the interaction between long-wave and short-wave instability modes in Marangoni convection, investigation of the large-scale Marangoni convection that led to the prediction of different patterns including quasipatterns, and the description of various non-potential effects in Marangoni convection

  19. Infantile-Onset Alexander Disease: A Genetically Proven Case With Mild Clinical Course in a 6-Year-Old Indian Boy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ramesh, K.; Sharma, S.; Kumar, A.; Salomons, G.S.; van der Knaap, M.S.; Gulati, S.

    2013-01-01

    Alexander disease is an autosomal dominant leukoencephalopathy characterized by developmental delay, macrocephaly, and characteristic neuroimaging abnormalities predominantly involving frontal lobes. We report a 6-year-old Indian boy with infantile-onset Alexander disease, who has an unusually mild

  20. Infantile-onset Alexander disease: a genetically proven case with mild clinical course in a 6-year-old Indian boy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ramesh, Konanki; Sharma, Suvasini; Kumar, Atin; Salomons, Gajja S.; van der Knaap, Marjo S.; Gulati, Sheffali

    2013-01-01

    Alexander disease is an autosomal dominant leukoencephalopathy characterized by developmental delay, macrocephaly, and characteristic neuroimaging abnormalities predominantly involving frontal lobes. We report a 6-year-old Indian boy with infantile-onset Alexander disease, who has an unusually mild

  1. Kai Adolf Jensen, professor i almindelig patologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høiby, Niels

    2016-01-01

    for the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine production and supervised many young scientists’ doctoral theses on the aspects of tuberculosis. He became internationally recognized, and he revealed an important scientific fraud in the laboratory of the Austrian professor Ernst Löwenstein (1878-1950), who claimed that he...

  2. String theorist takes over as Lucasian Professor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Michael

    2009-11-01

    String theorist Michael Green will be the next Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University. Green, 63, will succeed Stephen Hawking, who held the chair from 1980 before retiring last month at the age of 67 and taking up a distinguished research chair at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Canada (see above).

  3. Epistemology Shock: English Professors Confront Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnard, Ian; Osborn, Jan

    2017-01-01

    This article raises questions and concerns regarding students from the sciences working with faculty in the humanities in interdisciplinary settings. It explores the experience of two English professors facing the privileging of "facts" and a science-based understanding of the world in their own classrooms. It poses both questions and…

  4. Understanding Asperger Syndrome: A Professor's Guide [DVD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organization for Autism Research (NJ3), 2011

    2011-01-01

    College can be a trying time in any individual's life. For adults with Asperger Syndrome this experience can be overwhelming. This title in the new DVD series Asperger Syndrome and Adulthood focuses on educating professors, teaching assistants, and others on what it means to be a college student on the spectrum and how they might best be able to…

  5. Professor Brand Advocacy: Do Brand Relationships Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jillapalli, Ravi K.; Wilcox, James B.

    2010-01-01

    The trend among students to advocate their professors online continues to generate interest within marketing academia. Brand advocacy in products and services has played a vital role in marketing. However, no known research to date has embraced the idea of brand advocacy in marketing education. This research builds on the recent human brand…

  6. Forestry professors and students receive national recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Davis, Lynn

    2005-01-01

    Two Virginia Tech professors in the College of Natural Resources and the university's Society of American Foresters student chapter received awards for their accomplishments at the Society of American Foresters 2005 national convention held in Fort Worth, Texas, earlier this month.

  7. Two business professors receive Fulbright Scholar awards

    OpenAIRE

    Ho, Sookhan

    2005-01-01

    Virginia Tech Pamplin College of Business professors Larry French and Mahmood A. Khan have received Fulbright Scholar Awards to teach and conduct research abroad next year. Both faculty members teach in the MBA program at the university's Northern Virginia Center in metro Washington, D.C.

  8. The Supervisor Is Not the Professor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, G. Stewart; Shafer, Carl

    1970-01-01

    College educational exposure does not prepare the graduate for the human relations demands of teamwork in industry, and may not prepare the graduate for the relationship with his supervisor. Five major dimensions of difference for the student between his interaction with his professors and his new relationships with his supervisor are: degree of…

  9. "Dear Professor: I Hate You"--Anonymous

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartlett, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Flip through a stack of anonymous student evaluations of professors and the mild comments, even the compliments, tend to blend together. But often, hidden among them, is a dagger. Then there are the out-and-out insults. Students' comments can be more than simply mean. Sometimes student comments aren't cruel, just weird. In this article, some…

  10. Africa's New Crisis: A Dearth of Professors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindow, Megan

    2009-01-01

    With many professors approaching retirement. a shortage of qualified academics has reached crisis proportions at a number of African universities. The shortfall is a consequence of decades of neglect of African higher education, as donors and governments concentrated limited resources on primary and secondary schools, and young scholars who manage…

  11. Professor Jacques Cortes prantsuse keele lektoraadis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Juuni alguses külastas filoloogiateaduskonna romaani-germaani filoloogia osakonda Roueni ülikooli professor Jacques Cortes (Prantsusmaa). Ta korraldas 4. õa üliõpilastele prantsuse keele intensiivkursuse ja võttis vastu eksami ning kohtus prantsuse keele lektoraadi õppejõududega : [täistekst

  12. Microcomputing Competencies for Special Education Professors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackhurst, A. Edward; And Others

    1987-01-01

    A list of microcomputing competencies associated with functions that special education professors typically perform was assessed by 148 special education faculty who use microcomputers. Word processing was rated as the single most useful competency, along with the category of providing instruction about microcomputer applications in special…

  13. Veterinary medicine professor receives national honor

    OpenAIRE

    Douglas, Jeffrey S.

    2005-01-01

    Marie-Suthers-McCabe, of Riner, Va., associate professor of small animal clinical sciences at the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, has been awarded the highest honor in the nation for work in the area of the "human/animal bond."

  14. CFA or CFP: A Guide for Professors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moy, Ronald L.

    2011-01-01

    The CFA Institute and the CFP Board of Standards provide professional certifications in the field of finance. In this paper, I provide my experience with the CFA and CFP programs in order to give other professors some insight into the process of attaining the designations. I hope to provide answers to some of the questions that other faculty…

  15. Family Law and Family Studies: Professor's Views

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, Mary W.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    The results of a survey of family studies faculty concerning the inclusion of family law topics in family studies courses are discussed. The professor's needs for training and resources in the area of family and the law are identified and recommendations for meeting these needs are suggested. (Author)

  16. Professor Attitudes and Beliefs about Teaching Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Maryann Elizabeth

    Teaching evolution has been shown to be a challenge for faculty, in both K-12 and postsecondary education. Many of these challenges stem from perceived conflicts not only between religion and evolution, but also faculty beliefs about religion, it's compatibility with evolutionary theory, and it's proper role in classroom curriculum. Studies suggest that if educators engage with students' religious beliefs and identity, this may help students have positive attitudes towards evolution. The aim of this study was to reveal attitudes and beliefs professors have about addressing religion and providing religious scientist role models to students when teaching evolution. 15 semi-structured interviews of tenured biology professors were conducted at a large Midwestern universiy regarding their beliefs, experiences, and strategies teaching evolution and particularly, their willingness to address religion in a class section on evolution. Following a qualitative analysis of transcripts, professors did not agree on whether or not it is their job to help students accept evolution (although the majority said it is not), nor did they agree on a definition of "acceptance of evolution". Professors are willing to engage in students' religious beliefs, if this would help their students accept evolution. Finally, professors perceived many challenges to engaging students' religious beliefs in a science classroom such as the appropriateness of the material for a science class, large class sizes, and time constraints. Given the results of this study, the author concludes that instructors must come to a consensus about their goals as biology educators as well as what "acceptance of evolution" means, before they can realistically apply the engagement of student's religious beliefs and identity as an educational strategy.

  17. Yuriko and Michael Renardy reappointed Class of 1950 Professors

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Yuriko and Michael Renardy, professors of mathematics in the College of Science at Virginia Tech, have been reappointed as the Virginia Tech Class of 1950 Professors by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors.

  18. German-Iowan Strategies in Celebrating the Centennial of Alexander von Humboldt’s Birth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bill Roba

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The two largest cities of Eastern Iowa on the shore of the Mississippi River are Dubuque and Davenport. In each city, an elite group of German-Iowan leaders emerged by the late 1850s. Bill Roba describes and examines their strategies in celebrating the Centennial of Alexander von Humboldt’s Birth.

  19. MRI diagnosis of infantile Alexander disease in a 14 month old African boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dlamini, Nondumiso; du Plessis, Vicci

    2016-10-01

    Alexander disease, also known as fibrinoid leukodystrophy, is a rare leukoencephalopathy which occurs due to a mutation in the glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) gene. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has proven to be highly sensitive in making the diagnosis. Typical MRI findings, in combination with positive genetic blood analysis, confirm the diagnosis.

  20. Archetypal and new families with Alexander disease and novel mutations in GFAP

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Messing, Albee; Li, Rong; Naidu, Sakkubai; Taylor, J. Paul; Silverman, Lital; Flint, Daniel; van der Knaap, Marjo S.; Brenner, Michael

    2012-01-01

    To describe genetic analyses of the 2 most thoroughly studied, historically seminal multigenerational families with Alexander disease described prior to the identification of GFAP as the related gene, as well as 1 newly discovered family. Clinical histories were obtained and DNA was analyzed from

  1. Alexander Disease: A Novel Mutation in GFAP Leading to Epilepsia Partialis Continua.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonthius, Daniel J; Karacay, Bahri

    2016-06-01

    Alexander disease is a genetically induced leukodystrophy, due to dominant mutations in the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP ) gene, causing dysfunction of astrocytes. We have identified a novel GFAP mutation, associated with a novel phenotype for Alexander disease. A boy with global developmental delay and hypertonia was found to have a leukodystrophy. Genetic analysis revealed a heterozygous point mutation in exon 6 of the GFAP gene. The guanine-to-adenine change causes substitution of the normal glutamic acid codon (GAG) with a mutant lysine codon (AAG) at position 312 (E312 K mutation). At the age of 4 years, the child developed epilepsia partialis continua, consisting of unabating motor seizures involving the unilateral perioral muscles. Epilepsia partialis continua has not previously been reported in association with Alexander disease. Whether and how the E312 K mutation produces pathologic changes and clinical signs that are unique from other Alexander disease-inducing mutations in GFAP remain to be determined. © The Author(s) 2015.

  2. Unraveling pathology in juvenile Alexander disease: serial quantitative MR imaging and spectroscopy of white matter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Voorn, J Patrick; Pouwels, Petra J W; Salomons, Gajja S; Barkhof, Frederik; van der Knaap, Marjo S

    2009-10-01

    Alexander disease is a rare disorder of the central nervous system with characteristic symmetric white matter abnormalities with frontal predominance on magnetic resonance (MR) images. Histopathology shows a lack of myelin in the affected white matter, variably interpreted as hypomyelination or demyelination. To increase our insight into the nature of the pathology leading to the MR imaging findings in Alexander disease, we applied serial MR imaging, spectroscopy, magnetization transfer (MT) imaging (MTI), and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in six patients with juvenile Alexander disease. The MR imaging protocol comprised T1- and T2-weighted spin echo images and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images. Fractional anisotropy (FA), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and MT ratio (MTR) maps were generated, and MR spectroscopy concentrations were quantified for several metabolites. MR imaging showed similar cerebral white matter abnormalities in all patients, with only minor increase on prolonged follow-up, despite sometimes serious clinical progression. MR spectroscopy showed highly elevated levels of myo-inositol, lactate, and choline-containing compounds and decreased total N-acetyl-aspartate and N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate levels in the abnormal white matter. High values of ADC were observed, and both FA and MTR were attenuated. The sequential MR imaging findings in Alexander disease provide strong evidence against active demyelination as sole explanation for the underlying pathology. An alternative explanation for our spectroscopic, DTI, and MTI findings-which would suggest demyelination-could be hyperplasia and hypertrophy of astrocytes, as seen in low grade gliomas.

  3. Diagnosis by whole exome sequencing of atypical infantile onset Alexander disease masquerading as a mitochondrial disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishri, Daniella; Edvardson, Simon; Lev, Dorit; Leshinsky-Silver, Esther; Ben-Sira, Liat; Henneke, Marco; Lerman-Sagie, Tally; Blumkin, Lubov

    2014-07-01

    There are many similarities, both clinical and radiological, between mitochondrial leukoencephalopathies and Alexander disease, an astrogliopathy. Clinically, both can manifest with a myriad of symptoms and signs, arising from the neonatal period to adulthood. Radiologically, both can demonstrate white matter changes, signal abnormalities of basal ganglia or thalami, brainstem abnormalities and contrast enhancement of white matter structures. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy may reveal elevation of lactate in the abnormal white matter in Alexander disease making the distinction even more challenging. We present a child who was considered to have an infantile onset mitochondrial disorder due to a combination of neurological symptoms and signs (developmental regression, failure to thrive, episodic deterioration, abnormal eye movements, pyramidal and cerebellar signs), urinary excretion of 3-methyl-glutaconic acid and imaging findings (extensive white matter changes and cerebellar atrophy) with a normal head circumference. Whole exome sequence analysis was performed. The child was found to harbor the R416W mutation, one of the most prevalent mutations in the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene that causes Alexander disease. Alexander disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of infantile leukoencephalopathy, even when no macrocephaly is present. Next generation sequencing is a useful aid in unraveling the molecular etiology of leukoencephalopathies. Copyright © 2014 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Russia's Literary Genius Alexander Pushkin: The Great-Grandson of an African Slave.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lounsbery, Anne

    2000-01-01

    Alexander Pushkin, Russia's most celebrated literary figure, descended from an African slave. On both parents' sides, he was related to Avram Petrovich Gannibal, who was born to an African prince and abducted to become a slave to a Russian diplomat. Pushkin chose to pride himself on both his aristocratic life and his African ancestry. (SM)

  5. THE 19th CENTURY EDITIONS OF THE LIFE OF ALEXANDER OSHEVENSKY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Valerievich Pigin

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to a classic of the 16th-century north Russian hagiography — The Life of Alexander Oshevensky, which is preserved as a large number of various copies and editions. The 19th-century materials recently found in the Russian archives enabled researchers to raise a question of the late period in the literary history of this Life. Three editions of this piece of writing created in the 1820’s and 1830’s by Tikhvin Monastery’s Archimandrite Hilarion (Kirillov, Alexander Svirsky Monastery’s Archimandrite Barsanuphius (Morev and Archbishop of Olonets Ignatius (Semyonov are in the focus of this paper. The new editions were written with the intention to be published to glorify St. Alexander across Russia, though respective petitions to the Most Holy Synod were not approved. This article detects sources of these editions and shows the pattern of processing of the initial texts. As the text analysis has shown, the 19th-century editions primarily developed the topoi of book learning and relationships between St. Alexander and his family. The Life used to be revised stylistically and compositionally, as well as supplemented with historical information. The published material is of interest for the research in poetics and topics of the Liеves of the Saints and their perception by the church writers of the 19th century.

  6. How Alexander von Humboldt's life story can inspire innovative soil research in developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Bouma

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The pioneering vision of Alexander von Humboldt of science and society of the early 1800s is still highly relevant today. His open mind and urge to make many measurements characterizing the interconnected web of life are crucial ingredients as we now face the worldwide challenge of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Case studies in the Philippines, Vietnam, Kenya, Niger, and Costa Rica demonstrate, in Alexander's spirit, interaction with stakeholders and attention to unique local conditions, applying modern measurement and modeling methods and allowing inter- and transdisciplinary research approaches. But relations between science and society are increasingly problematic, partly as a result of the information revolution and post-truth, fact-free thinking. Overly regulated and financially restricted scientific communities in so-called developed countries may stifle intellectual creativity. Researchers in developing countries are urged to leapfrog these problems in the spirit of Alexander von Humboldt as they further develop their scientific communities. Six suggestions to the science community are made with particular attention to soil science. (The Humboldt lecture, presented by the 2017 recipient of the Alexander von Humboldt lecture, Johan Bouma, can be accessed at http://client.cntv.at/egu2017/ml1.

  7. Identification of metapopulation dynamics among Northern Goshawks of the Alexander Archipelago, Alaska, and Coastal British Columbia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonsthagen, Sarah A.; McClaren, Erica L.; Doyle, Frank I.; Titus, K.; Sage, George K.; Wilson, Robert E.; Gust, Judy R.; Talbot, Sandra L.

    2012-01-01

    Northern Goshawks occupying the Alexander Archipelago, Alaska, and coastal British Columbia nest primarily in old-growth and mature forest, which results in spatial heterogeneity in the distribution of individuals across the landscape. We used microsatellite and mitochondrial data to infer genetic structure, gene flow, and fluctuations in population demography through evolutionary time. Patterns in the genetic signatures were used to assess predictions associated with the three population models: panmixia, metapopulation, and isolated populations. Population genetic structure was observed along with asymmetry in gene flow estimates that changed directionality at different temporal scales, consistent with metapopulation model predictions. Therefore, Northern Goshawk assemblages located in the Alexander Archipelago and coastal British Columbia interact through a metapopulation framework, though they may not fit the classic model of a metapopulation. Long-term population sources (coastal mainland British Columbia) and sinks (Revillagigedo and Vancouver islands) were identified. However, there was no trend through evolutionary time in the directionality of dispersal among the remaining assemblages, suggestive of a rescue-effect dynamic. Admiralty, Douglas, and Chichagof island complex appears to be an evolutionarily recent source population in the Alexander Archipelago. In addition, Kupreanof island complex and Kispiox Forest District populations have high dispersal rates to populations in close geographic proximity and potentially serve as local source populations. Metapopulation dynamics occurring in the Alexander Archipelago and coastal British Columbia by Northern Goshawks highlight the importance of both occupied and unoccupied habitats to long-term population persistence of goshawks in this region.

  8. Alexander Pechersky Testifies: an Open Page of Sobibor Death Camp History

    OpenAIRE

    Lev S. Simkin

    2013-01-01

    Here, the author introduces the interrogation of the witness Alexander Aronovich Pechersky, the leader of the German death camp Sobibor Revolt during the World War II. Special attention is attached to the daily life of the death camp. The picture of revolt preparation was completed

  9. Alexander Pechersky Testifies: an Open Page of Sobibor Death Camp History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lev S. Simkin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Here, the author introduces the interrogation of the witness Alexander Aronovich Pechersky, the leader of the German death camp Sobibor Revolt during the World War II. Special attention is attached to the daily life of the death camp. The picture of revolt preparation was completed

  10. Synoptisches Erzählen - Darstellungen des Bombenkriegs bei Gert Ledig, Alexander Kluge und Dieter Forte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmann, Birthe

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen foretager en sammenlignende analyse af Gert Ledigs roman "Vergeltung" (1956), Alexander Kluges hybride tekst "Der Luftangriff auf Halberstadt am 8. April 1945" (1976) og Dieter Fortes roman "Der Junge mit den Blutigen Schuhen" (1995) med henblik på en diskussion af fortællemæssige strate...... strategier overfor bombardementerne af den tyske civilbefolkning under 2. Verdenskrig....

  11. 78 FR 53630 - Airworthiness Directives; Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co. Segelflugzeugbau Sailplanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... Alexander Schleicher Technische Mitteilung (English translation: Technical Note) TM-Nr. 13 for Ka 2 and Ka... Schleicher Technische Mitteilung (English translation: Technical Note) TM-Nr. 13 for Ka 2 and Ka 2b, TM-Nr... Technische Mitteilung (English translation: Technical Note) TM-Nr. 13 for Ka 2 and Ka 2b, TM-Nr. 26 for Ka 6...

  12. Close to the Clothes : Materiality and Sophisticated Archaism in Alexander van Slobbe’s Design Practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baronian, M.-A.

    2017-01-01

    This article looks at the work of contemporary Dutch fashion designer Alexander van Slobbe (1959) and examines how, since the 1990s, his fashion practices have consistently and consciously put forward a unique reflection on questions related to materiality, sophisticated archaism, luxury,

  13. Connect the Book. Always Inventing: A Photobiography of Alexander Graham Bell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2004-01-01

    Cell phones, video phones, voice messaging?one wonders what Alexander Graham Bell would have thought about the many venues today for electronic communication with one another. Bell's March 10, 1876 invention is now 128 years old, but there is no doubt that Bell's "talking machine" changed the world. This article presents a brief review of the…

  14. The Language of Teaching Coordination: Suzuki Training Meets the Alexander Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Catherine

    2002-01-01

    Details an investigation of the language of Suzuki instruction and the students' interpretation of that language. Describes the Alexander Technique and Suzuki training and provides specific examples illustrating the interaction of language and coordination in this context. Proposes that teachers of movement, voice and acting can benefit from these…

  15. [Posttreatment stability of four first bicuspid extraction cases treated with the Alexander technique--model analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Song; Fu, Min-kui

    2005-07-01

    To evaluate the posttreatment stability of four first bicuspid extraction cases with the Alexander technique. Fifteen patients, 8 males and 7 females in the permanent dentition were selected. The age range of the patients was 10.3 to 16.2 years old. Four first bicuspids of every patient were extracted and all patients were treated with the Alexander technique. The study casts were taken before (T(1)), after treatment (T(2)) and 27.8 months averagely follow-up (T(3)). Data were correlated by means of paired t tests. Although maxillary and mandibular intercanine widths were increased by 0.98 mm and 0.87 mm, respectively, during treatment, they were decreased by 0.37 mm and 0.72 mm, respectively, during follow-up period. Maxillary and mandibular crowding were increased by 0.53 mm and 0.98 mm, respectively, during follow-up period. No statistical significance were found. Upper and lower arch depth were decreased significantly due to retraction of anterior teeth and remained stable during follow-up period. According to this study, the design of the Alexander appliance and the Alexander technique are helpful for stability of extraction therapy. Follow-up is still necessary to evaluate the long-term stability.

  16. How Alexander von Humboldt's life story can inspire innovative soil research in developing countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouma, Johan

    2017-09-01

    The pioneering vision of Alexander von Humboldt of science and society of the early 1800s is still highly relevant today. His open mind and urge to make many measurements characterizing the interconnected web of life are crucial ingredients as we now face the worldwide challenge of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Case studies in the Philippines, Vietnam, Kenya, Niger, and Costa Rica demonstrate, in Alexander's spirit, interaction with stakeholders and attention to unique local conditions, applying modern measurement and modeling methods and allowing inter- and transdisciplinary research approaches. But relations between science and society are increasingly problematic, partly as a result of the information revolution and post-truth, fact-free thinking. Overly regulated and financially restricted scientific communities in so-called developed countries may stifle intellectual creativity. Researchers in developing countries are urged to leapfrog these problems in the spirit of Alexander von Humboldt as they further develop their scientific communities. Six suggestions to the science community are made with particular attention to soil science. (The Humboldt lecture, presented by the 2017 recipient of the Alexander von Humboldt lecture, Johan Bouma, can be accessed at http://client.cntv.at/egu2017/ml1.)

  17. Stubb : EL saavutas Gruusia kriisi ajal palju / Alexander Stubb ; interv. Liisi Poll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stubb, Alexander, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu Soome välisministri Alexander Stubbiga, kes vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Euroopa Liidu positsiooni seoses Venemaa agressiooniga Gruusias ja Soome seisukohti seoses NATOga. Euroliidu reaktsioon Venemaa agressioonile Gruusias oli poliitiliselt tugev ja majanduslikult nõrk, arvab ta

  18. Alexander Technique Lessons or Acupuncture Sessions for Persons With Chronic Neck Pain: A Randomized Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacPherson, Hugh; Tilbrook, Helen; Richmond, Stewart; Woodman, Julia; Ballard, Kathleen; Atkin, Karl; Bland, Martin; Eldred, Janet; Essex, Holly; Hewitt, Catherine; Hopton, Ann; Keding, Ada; Lansdown, Harriet; Parrott, Steve; Torgerson, David; Wenham, Aniela; Watt, Ian

    2015-11-03

    Management of chronic neck pain may benefit from additional active self-care-oriented approaches. To evaluate clinical effectiveness of Alexander Technique lessons or acupuncture versus usual care for persons with chronic, nonspecific neck pain. Three-group randomized, controlled trial. (Current Controlled Trials: ISRCTN15186354). U.K. primary care. Persons with neck pain lasting at least 3 months, a score of at least 28% on the Northwick Park Questionnaire (NPQ) for neck pain and associated disability, and no serious underlying pathology. 12 acupuncture sessions or 20 one-to-one Alexander lessons (both 600 minutes total) plus usual care versus usual care alone. NPQ score (primary outcome) at 0, 3, 6, and 12 months (primary end point) and Chronic Pain Self-Efficacy Scale score, quality of life, and adverse events (secondary outcomes). 517 patients were recruited, and the median duration of neck pain was 6 years. Mean attendance was 10 acupuncture sessions and 14 Alexander lessons. Between-group reductions in NPQ score at 12 months versus usual care were 3.92 percentage points for acupuncture (95% CI, 0.97 to 6.87 percentage points) (P = 0.009) and 3.79 percentage points for Alexander lessons (CI, 0.91 to 6.66 percentage points) (P = 0.010). The 12-month reductions in NPQ score from baseline were 32% for acupuncture and 31% for Alexander lessons. Participant self-efficacy improved for both interventions versus usual care at 6 months (P Alexander lessons, 3.33 percentage points [CI, 2.22 to 4.44 percentage points]). No reported serious adverse events were considered probably or definitely related to either intervention. Practitioners belonged to the 2 main U.K.-based professional associations, which may limit generalizability of the findings. Acupuncture sessions and Alexander Technique lessons both led to significant reductions in neck pain and associated disability compared with usual care at 12 months. Enhanced self-efficacy may partially explain why longer

  19. Categorization of Quantum Mechanics Problems by Professors and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shih-Yin; Singh, Chandralekha

    2010-01-01

    We discuss the categorization of 20 quantum mechanics problems by physics professors and undergraduate students from two honours-level quantum mechanics courses. Professors and students were asked to categorize the problems based upon similarity of solution. We also had individual discussions with professors who categorized the problems. Faculty…

  20. E-Mail from Professor Enhances Student Motivation and Attitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legg, Angela M.; Wilson, Janie H.

    2009-01-01

    Traditionally, professors use the first day of class to build rapport. However, current technology allows professors to contact students prior to the first day of class. This study assessed how the receipt of a welcoming e-mail from a female professor 1 week before the first day of class affected student motivation and attitudes toward the…

  1. Connect and Thrive: Perspectives from a Newly Tenured Professor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciocchetti, Corey A.

    2011-01-01

    This essay encapsulates the author's perspective on how average professors can become highly effective professors. The author asserts that the secret rests in the ability to genuinely connect with students. Connecting really matters--even if it takes some personality adaptation and thrusts academics out of their comfort zones. Many professors fail…

  2. Anti-Fat Bias by Professors Teaching Physical Education Majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontana, Fabio; Furtado, Ovande, Jr.; Mazzardo, Oldemar, Jr.; Hong, Deockki; de Campos, Wagner

    2017-01-01

    Anti-fat bias by professors in physical education departments may interfere with the training provided to pre-service teachers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the attitudes of professors in physical education departments toward obese individuals. Professors from randomly selected institutions across all four US regions participated in…

  3. 26 CFR 509.115 - Visiting professors or teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 19 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Visiting professors or teachers. 509.115...) REGULATIONS UNDER TAX CONVENTIONS SWITZERLAND General Income Tax § 509.115 Visiting professors or teachers. (a) General. Pursuant to Article XII of the convention, a professor or teacher, a nonresident alien who is a...

  4. Variables That Can Affect Student Ratings of Their Professors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gotlieb, Jerry

    2013-01-01

    Attribution theory was applied to help predict the results of an experiment that examined the effects of three independent variables on students' ratings of their professors. The dependent variables were students' perceptions of whether the professor caused the students' grades and student satisfaction with their professor. The results suggest…

  5. Professor Svein Stølen, Rector of the University of Oslo, Norway

    CERN Multimedia

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2070299

    2018-01-01

    Professor Svein Stølen, Rector of the University of Oslo, Norway, signing the CERN guestbook in the presence of Martin Steinacher, Director for Finance and Human Resources. The other members of the visiting Norwegian delegations were Prof. Per Morten Sandset (Vice Rector, UiO), Prof. Margareth Hagen (Vice rector, University of Bergen (UiB)), Prof. Morten Dæhlen (Dean, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, UiO), Prof. Helge K. Dahle (Dean, Department of Physics, UiB), Prof. Jøran I. Moen (Head, Department of Physics, UiO), Prof. Øyvind Frette (Head Department of Physics and Technology, UiB), Prof. Alexander L. Read (Chairperson, Norwegian CERN project leaders committee), Prof. Eivind Osnes (Norwegian CERN delegate), Dr Bjørg Mikalsen (Adviser, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, UiO), Dr Liv Furuberg (Norwegian CERN delegate; Special Adviser, Research Council of Norway) and Dr Hanne Hvatum (Senior Advisor, Ministry of Education and Research, Norway).

  6. Spotlight on CERN : Professor Michel Spiro

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN video productions

    2011-01-01

    20 Member states throughout Europe. A geographical expansion underway. A worldwide, international collaboration and a scientific challenge on a scale second to none. In view of this complexity, how is CERN managed? This is the remit of the CERN council, which notably defines the strategic programmes, annual objectives, approves the annual budget and nominates the directorate. I am pleased to welcome Professor Michel Spiro, scientific director of the CNRS in France and CERN Council presdient since 2010. On today’s agenda: Expansion, innovation and communication. Hello and welcome Professor.. François et Stéphan are of course with me today to discuss such matters as antimatter, press and we will also be talking water and towers… I will say no more. It’s good to see you both ! And welcome to you all for this latest edition of Spotlight on CERN.

  7. 31 July 2014 - Professor M. Kastner

    CERN Multimedia

    Egli, Laurent

    2014-01-01

    MIT Faculty Member Donner Professor of Physics Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States of America, Prof. M. Kastner visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 5 with Beams Department M. Solfaroli Camillocci, LHC superconducting magnet assembly hall visit with L. Rossi and R. Principe, LHC Computing Grid Project presentation and computer centre visit with I. Bird and signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer.

  8. [Homage to Professor Dr. Nicasio Etchepareborda].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-11-01

    During a solemn academic act, de Main Classroom of the Facultad de Odontologia de Buenos Aires was named after Prof. Dr. Nicasio Etchepareborda. He has been the first professor at the Escuela de Odontologia and its organizer, after having obtained his Dentistry degree at the Dental School of Paris, in 1882. The new school was founded in 1891, and its activities began the following year.

  9. In memory of Professor Paolo Talamucci

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cantiani M

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Paolo Talamucci, Full Professor of Range Management at the Università degli Studi in Florence from 1975 to 2001, passed away on 27th November 2009, after a brief and unrelenting illness. Professor Talamucci spent many long years in the field of research, in both Mediterranean and Alpine regions. His research, profoundly rooted in the territory he was studying, holistic in its approach and rigorously scientific, was characterized by a strong interdisciplinary element, seeking always to take into account the totality of the components of the ecosystem. Professor Talamucci was one of the first scholars of the pastoral system to highlight the problems related to the abandonment of traditional animal husbandry in mountainous zones and to look for ways to counteract the undesirable transformation of the landscape and the consequent loss of biodiversity. His curriculum and his numerous scientific publications bear testimony not only to the prestigious research institutes, world-wide, with which he was associated, but also to the important international dimension of his research.

  10. APOSENTADORIA: como professores vivenciam este momento?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Nervis Conrado Machado

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo buscou compreender as implicações que a aposentadoria causa na vida de professores, levando em conta o significado que a aposentadoria representa à estes, considerando os pontos de maior mudança após a aposentadoria, bem como os aspectos positivos e negativos causados pela aposentadoria na percepção dos sujeitos da pesquisa. Para tanto, foi realizada uma pesquisa qualitativa caracterizada como exploratória e descritiva com professores aposentados por mais de dois anos, com idade entre 58 e 66 anos, através de entrevistas individuais, com roteiros semiestruturados. A análise dos dados foi por meio da análise de conteúdo de Bardin (2011. Entre os principais resultados, destaca-se o significado de “liberdade” que a aposentadoria representa, a rotina como maior mudança e flexibilidade de horários dentre os pontos positivos e a falta dos alunos como aspecto negativo, contudo, pode-se perceber que a aposentadoria possibilitou e contribuiu para que os professores pudessem desfrutar de momentos de lazer, dedicando cuidado à família e realizando seus anseios e vontades.

  11. Visit of Professor Shigehiko Hasumi. President of Tokyo University, Japan, Professor Kazuo Okamoto, Head of Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, Professor Toshiteru Matsuura, Head of Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loiez

    1999-01-01

    Visit of Professor Shigehiko Hasumi. President of Tokyo University, Japan, Professor Kazuo Okamoto, Head of Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, Professor Toshiteru Matsuura, Head of Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

  12. Protein misfolding and oxidative stress promote glial-mediated neurodegeneration in an Alexander disease model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liqun; Colodner, Kenneth J; Feany, Mel B

    2011-02-23

    Although alterations in glial structure and function commonly accompany death of neurons in neurodegenerative diseases, the role glia play in modulating neuronal loss is poorly understood. We have created a model of Alexander disease in Drosophila by expressing disease-linked mutant versions of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in fly glia. We find aggregation of mutant human GFAP into inclusions bearing the hallmarks of authentic Rosenthal fibers. We also observe significant toxicity of mutant human GFAP to glia, which is mediated by protein aggregation and oxidative stress. Both protein aggregation and oxidative stress contribute to activation of a robust autophagic response in glia. Toxicity of mutant GFAP to glial cells induces a non-cell-autonomous stress response and subsequent apoptosis in neurons, which is dependent on glial glutamate transport. Our findings thus establish a simple genetic model of Alexander disease and further identify cellular pathways critical for glial-induced neurodegeneration.

  13. Novel GFAP Variant in Adult-onset Alexander Disease With Progressive Ataxia and Palatal Tremor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gass, Jennifer M; Cheema, Anvir; Jackson, Jessica; Blackburn, Patrick R; Van Gerpen, Jay; Atwal, Paldeep S

    2017-11-01

    Alexander disease is a rare neurodegenerative disease caused by variants in the glial fibrillary acidic protein gene (GFAP). This disorder can develop as an infantile, juvenile or adult-onset form and is characterized by several clinical features, including macrocephaly, seizures, ataxia, and bulbar/pseudobulbar signs. While the majority of these patients have the more progressive infantile form which causes severe leukodystrophy and early death; the less common adult form is more variable (ie, onset age, symptoms), with bulbar dysfunction as the primary feature. In our investigation, we describe a patient with progressive neuromuscular issues including dyspnea, dysphagia, dysarthria and progressive ataxia with palatal tremor. Through genetic testing, we determined that our patient has a novel variant in GFAP typical of Alexander disease.

  14. [Physician of Obukhov school (90 years of the birth of Alexander Nikolayevich Senenko)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonenko, V B

    2012-01-01

    At the beginning of December 2011 turns the 90th anniversary of a prominent national physician Alexander Nikolayevich Senenko. He was an educatee of the two academies--Military Medical Kirov (graduated with honors in March 1944) and the Naval Medical (VMMA), where he studied at post-graduate at the Department of Faculty Therapy (1950-1953). The results of the scientific work of the department summarized in the monograph of Gogin E.E., Senenko A.N., Tyurin E.I., "Arterial Hypertension" (1978, 1983). Monograph of Senenko A.N. "Heart and focal infection" (1973) has not lost its scientific and practical importance to this day. Shortly before the death (June 1, 1991), Alexander Nikolaevich completed the major work on the role of focal infection in the pathology of internal organs. In all he published over 250 scientific papers, including one textbook, four monographs and several major textbooks.

  15. Unusual diagnosis in a child suffering from juvenile Alexander disease: clinical and imaging report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franzoni, Emilio; Van der Knaap, Marjo S; Errani, Alessandra; Colonnelli, Maria Chiara; Bracceschi, Roberta; Malaspina, Elisabetta; Moscano, Filomena Caterina; Garone, Caterina; Sarajlija, Jasenka; Zimmerman, Robert A; Salomons, Gajja S; Bernardi, Bruno

    2006-12-01

    Alexander disease is a rare, sporadic leukoencephalopathy characterized by white-matter abnormalities with frontal predominance and, as a rule, clinically associated with megalencephaly, seizures, spasticity, and psychomotor deterioration. We describe a boy who was diagnosed as affected by anorexia nervosa because of his refusal to eat, progressive weight loss, and psychologic disturbances. The observation of a hyperintense lesion on T(2)-weighed magnetic resonance images (MRIs) was initially explained as a pontine and extrapontine myelinolysis related to malnutrition. Following MRI and DNA analysis, we diagnosed a juvenile type of Alexander disease. Therefore, we can affirm the importance of the history and clinical examination to look for brainstem dysfunction in patients presenting with atypical anorexia nervosa.

  16. [Urology and National Socialism: the fate of Alexander von Lichtenberg 1880-1949].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moll, F H; Krischel, M; Rathert, P; Fangerau, H

    2010-09-01

    Alexander von Lichtenberg (1880-1949) was one of the famous members of the German Urological Society (DGU) in pre-war Germany. He introduced excretion urography and a special TURP Instrument. In 1928 he was president of the 8th meeting held in the German capital Berlin. His Handbook of Urology, released by Ferdinand Springer publishing house, was a trendsetter in establishing urology as a specialty in Germany and bringing together the whole wisdom of all aspects of urology. He was the founder of the famous Maximilian Nitze Award of the DGU. As a Jew he-like many others-was forced to leave Nazi Germany after 1933. Even in Hungary, his native country, he again had to resist anti-Semitic hostility. Later on he lived in Mexico. Alexander von Lichtenberg has to be remembered with special focus on the exodus of German Jewish scientists during the Nazi time.

  17. Der Briefwechsel zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und Karl Ernst von Baer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Schmuck

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Der kurze, nicht vollständig erhaltene Briefwechsel zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und Karl Ernst von Baer behandelt sehr verschiedene Themen: Politik, Kriegsgefahr, den Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Auszeichnungen und Tagungen, Embryologie und Cholera. Gemeinsam mit Briefen und Reden ergibt sich dabei ein differenziertes Bild der Beurteilung der beiden Wissenschaftler durch den jeweils anderen. Während Baer sich als Bewunderer Humboldts erweist, erscheint umgekehrt Humboldts Einschätzung Baers als ambivalent. Abstract The short, not completely preserved correspondence between Alexander von Humboldt and Karl Ernst von Baer deals with a wide range of subjects: politics and the danger of war, academic activities, scientific awards and conferences, aspects of embryology and the cholera. Letters to third persons and speeches, together with the correspondence between Humboldt and Baer show a differentiated pattern of mutual appraisal: While Baer always remained an admirer of the elder naturalist, Humboldt’s estimation was characterized by ambivalence.

  18. Unterwegs zu einer Weltwissenschaft? Alexander von Humboldts Weltbegriffe und die transarealen Studien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, German and Spanish.Alexander von Humboldt's world concepts inscribe themselves in the tradition of a reflexion on the second period of accerelated globalization during the second half of the 18th century. The polysemic structure of concepts like world consciousness (Weltbewusstsein is embetted in a vision, understanding and practice of science that can be described as transdisciplinary, intercultural, democraticaly popularizing, cosmopolitan, fractal and transregional. Alexander von Humboldt's new discourse on the Americas can be best understood as a fine example for TransArea Studies highlighting an area's characteristics by developing its relationships and dynamics within a worldwide network of informations, dependencies, exchanges and correspondances.

  19. Randomised controlled trial of Alexander technique lessons, exercise, and massage (ATEAM) for chronic and recurrent back pain: economic evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollinghurst, Sandra; Sharp, Debbie; Ballard, Kathleen; Barnett, Jane; Beattie, Angela; Evans, Maggie; Lewith, George; Middleton, Karen; Oxford, Frances; Webley, Fran; Little, Paul

    2008-12-11

    An economic evaluation of therapeutic massage, exercise, and lessons in the Alexander technique for treating persistent back pain. Cost consequences study and cost effectiveness analysis at 12 month follow-up of a factorial randomised controlled trial. 579 patients with chronic or recurrent low back pain recruited from primary care. Normal care (control), massage, and six or 24 lessons in the Alexander technique. Half of each group were randomised to a prescription for exercise from a doctor plus behavioural counselling from a nurse. Costs to the NHS and to participants. Comparison of costs with Roland-Morris disability score (number of activities impaired by pain), days in pain, and quality adjusted life years (QALYs). Comparison of NHS costs with QALY gain, using incremental cost effectiveness ratios and cost effectiveness acceptability curves. Intervention costs ranged from pound30 for exercise prescription to pound596 for 24 lessons in Alexander technique plus exercise. Cost of health services ranged from pound50 for 24 lessons in Alexander technique to pound124 for exercise. Incremental cost effectiveness analysis of single therapies showed that exercise offered best value ( pound61 per point on disability score, pound9 per additional pain-free day, pound2847 per QALY gain). For two-stage therapy, six lessons in Alexander technique combined with exercise was the best value (additional pound64 per point on disability score, pound43 per additional pain-free day, pound5332 per QALY gain). An exercise prescription and six lessons in Alexander technique alone were both more than 85% likely to be cost effective at values above pound20 000 per QALY, but the Alexander technique performed better than exercise on the full range of outcomes. A combination of six lessons in Alexander technique lessons followed by exercise was the most effective and cost effective option.

  20. The birth of Russian intelligentsia from the spirit of the enlightenment: Alexander Radishchev

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subotić Milan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This text is the second part of a study about Alexander Radishchev, one of the leading representatives of Enlightenment in Russia's XVIII Century. Starting with explanation of the 'enlightened absolutism' of Catherine the Great, the author analyses the political and social ideas presented in Radishchev's book Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow. Considering Radishchev as a 'father of Russian intelligentsia', the author stress that Radishchev's social criticism anticipated the later phenomenon of 'dissidence'.

  1. Review: Alexander Bogner, Beate Littig & Wolfgang Menz (Hrsg.) (2002). Das Experteninterview. Theorie, Methode, Anwendung

    OpenAIRE

    Bührmann, Andrea D.

    2004-01-01

    Die Herausgeber des Sammel­bandes Experteninterview, Alexander BOG­NER, Beate LITTIG und Wolfgang MENZ, zielen auf eine kritische Reflexion der methodologischen Grundlagen, der konkreten Erhebungsmethoden so­wie der praktischen Anwendungsfelder des Exper­tInneninterviews. Gemäß dieser komplexen Ziel­setzung ist der Sammelband dreigeteilt: In einem ersten Teil werden theoretische Konzepte dis­kutiert, im zweiten Teil geht es um Techniken und Interaktionsstrategien und schließlich werden im dri...

  2. Antisense suppression of glial fibrillary acidic protein as a treatment for Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagemann, Tracy L; Powers, Berit; Mazur, Curt; Kim, Aneeza; Wheeler, Steven; Hung, Gene; Swayze, Eric; Messing, Albee

    2017-12-11

    Alexander disease is a fatal leukodystrophy caused by autosomal dominant gain-of-function mutations in the gene for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), an intermediate filament protein primarily expressed in astrocytes of the central nervous system. A key feature of pathogenesis is overexpression and accumulation of GFAP, with formation of characteristic cytoplasmic aggregates known as Rosenthal fibers. Here we investigate whether suppressing GFAP with antisense oligonucleotides could provide a therapeutic strategy for treating Alexander disease. In this study, we use GFAP mutant mouse models of Alexander disease to test the efficacy of antisense suppression and evaluate the effects on molecular and cellular phenotypes and non-cell-autonomous toxicity. Antisense oligonucleotides were designed to target the murine Gfap transcript, and screened using primary mouse cortical cultures. Lead oligonucleotides were then tested for their ability to reduce GFAP transcripts and protein, first in wild-type mice with normal levels of GFAP, and then in adult mutant mice with established pathology and elevated levels of GFAP. Nearly complete and long-lasting elimination of GFAP occurred in brain and spinal cord following single bolus intracerebroventricular injections, with a striking reversal of Rosenthal fibers and downstream markers of microglial and other stress-related responses. GFAP protein was also cleared from cerebrospinal fluid, demonstrating its potential utility as a biomarker in future clinical applications. Finally, treatment led to improved body condition and rescue of hippocampal neurogenesis. These results demonstrate the efficacy of antisense suppression for an astrocyte target, and provide a compelling therapeutic approach for Alexander disease. Ann Neurol 2017. © 2017 American Neurological Association.

  3. Infantile Onset Alexander Disease with Normal Head Circumference: A Genetically Proven Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Goyal, Manisha; Mehndiratta, Sumit; Faruq, Mohammed; Dwivedi, Manish Kumar; Kapoor, Seema

    2014-01-01

    Alexander disease (AD) is an autosomal dominant leukodystrophy which predominantly affects infants and children. The infantile form comprises the most common form of AD. It presents before two years of age and characterized by macrocephaly, psychomotor regression, spasticity, pyramidal sign, ataxia and seizures. The diagnosis is based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and confirmed by Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene molecular testing. We report an Indian case with norma...

  4. Infantile onset alexander disease with normal head circumference: a genetically proven case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Manisha; Mehndiratta, Sumit; Faruq, Mohammed; Dwivedi, Manish Kumar; Kapoor, Seema

    2014-11-01

    Alexander disease (AD) is an autosomal dominant leukodystrophy which predominantly affects infants and children. The infantile form comprises the most common form of AD. It presents before two years of age and characterized by macrocephaly, psychomotor regression, spasticity, pyramidal sign, ataxia and seizures. The diagnosis is based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and confirmed by Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene molecular testing. We report an Indian case with normal head circumference.

  5. Alexander von Humboldt y el relato de su viaje americano redactado en Filadelfia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puig-Samper, Miguel Ángel

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents for the first time in Spanish language the autobiographical memoir that Alexander von Humboldt handed over to the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia. This text was written in June 1804 during Alexander von Humboldt´s stay in the United States of America, when he was about to end his well-known American expedition. It constitutes the first —and until now the only— complete description of the expedition undertaken by the Prussian traveller. In order to present these series of autobiographical notes that Alexander von Humboldt wrote through his life, these memoirs will be mentioned briefly in the introduction of the paper in order to define the characteristics of the particular text introduced.

    En este artículo se da a conocer la memoria autobiográfica que Alexander von Humboldt entregó en la American Philosophical Society de Filadelfia, por primera vez en su traducción al español. Este texto fue redactado en junio de 1804 durante su estancia en los Estados Unidos, cuando estaba finalizando su famosa expedición americana y constituye la primera —y hasta ahora única— narración completa de esta expedición hecha por el viajero prusiano. Con objeto de encuadrar bien este texto en una serie de notas autobiográficas que escribió Humboldt a lo largo de su vida, en la introducción se mencionan brevemente estas memorias, para después definir las características del escrito presentado aquí.

  6. The Alexander Technique and musicians: a systematic review of controlled trials

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Sabine; Bayard, Claudine; Wolf, Ursula

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders, stress and performance anxiety are common in musicians. Therefore, some use the Alexander Technique (AT), a psycho-physical method that helps to release unnecessary muscle tension and re-educates non-beneficial movement patterns through intentional inhibition of unwanted habitual behaviours. According to a recent review AT sessions may be effective for chronic back pain. This review aimed to evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of AT sessions o...

  7. Reflection in Russian public opinion accession to the throne of Emperor Alexander II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maxim N. Krot

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the perception of Russian society coming to the throne of Emperor Alexander II in 1855. The author analyzes the internal and external situation in Russia in this period, identifying the most significant factors that influenced the public's attitude to the new monarch, and the expectations that were associated with his coming to power. The article draws parallels between the initial period of the reign of the two liberal Russian monarchs of the XIX century – Alexander I and Alexander II, most clearly expressed not so much in the circumstances of their accession, but in the public mood that prevailed in the country. It presents a broad picture of the "awakening" of public consciousness and activity after the stagnation and oppression of the preceding reign, which was reflected primarily in an effort to think freely and to discuss pressing issues facing the country, as well as contribute to the supreme power in the modernization of social and political relations, awareness where necessary, at this time it becomes clearly. The author identifies semantic levels of social consciousness of the period, indicating the particular circumstances that have shaped them. Much attention is paid to the influence of Russian society of the Crimean War, which in many ways was the starting point of social upheaval transformed in 1855 from a national-patriotic in the socio-political. The author points out that at this time has unique conditions for overcoming the contradictions between state and society and their successful cooperation in the reform of the country. This suggests a significant, perhaps - the crucial role of the public in the selection of the vector conversion of Russia, which has become a feature of the reign of Alexander II.

  8. Herbicide selectivity in the early development of Alexander palm and peach palm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Roberta Gobi Queiroz

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Herbicides are an efficient weed-control method, and herbicide selectivity with regard to palm species is an important subject of agricultural research. Owing to a lack of studies in the literature regarding the use of herbicides on palm trees, especially during the early stages of growth, the present study aimed to evaluate the selectivity of some herbicides during the early development of Alexander palm (Archontophoenix alexandrae and peach palm (Bactris gasipaes seedlings. The study was conducted in two seasons in a completely randomized design with eight treatments and four repetitions. The herbicide treatments and dosages (g i.a. ha-1, were as follows: fluazifop-p-butyl (93.8, sethoxydim (184.0, quizalofop-p-ethyl (75.0 clethodim + fenoxaprop-p-ethyl (50.0 + 50.0, fomesafen (225.0, lactofen (168.0, and nicosulfuron (50.0, and a no-herbicide control was included. The seedlings of both types of trees were transplanted into 3.1-L plastic containers. In the first study, herbicide was applied to Alexander palm seedlings of 25–30 cm in height. In the second study, herbicide was applied to Alexander palm seedlings of 30–40 cm in height. Herbicide was applied to peach palm tree seedlings of 40–55 cm in height in both studies. In peach palms only, the herbicides caused slight visible damage during early development. Collectively, the results suggested that all herbicides used are selective and can be used on peach palms during the various stages of development when there are one to four leaves. For Alexander palms, fluazifop-p-butyl, quizalofop-p-ethyl, and lactofen were the only herbicides that did not affect early development during the stages when the plant had one to four leaves.

  9. FIVE UNPUBLISHED COINS OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT AND HIS SUCCESSORS IN THE RHODES UNIVERSITY COLLECTION

    OpenAIRE

    J.D. Snowball; W.D. Snowball

    2012-01-01

    The article briefly discusses the economic and political significance of the Alexander III (“the Great”) type silver tetradrachm and publishes three of his coins currently held by the Rhodes University Classics Museum. Based on stylistic elements, they are classified as from the Amphipolis and Arados mints and were probably minted during his lifetime. Two further tetradrachms from the empires of Alexander’s successors, Ptolemy II and Seleucus IV, are also published.

  10. The impact of the alexander technique on improving posture and surgical ergonomics during minimally invasive surgery: pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Pramod P; Reddy, Trisha P; Roig-Francoli, Jennifer; Cone, Lois; Sivan, Bezalel; DeFoor, W Robert; Gaitonde, Krishnanath; Noh, Paul H

    2011-10-01

    One of the main ergonomic challenges during surgical procedures is surgeon posture. There have been reports of a high number of work related injuries in laparoscopic surgeons. The Alexander technique is a process of psychophysical reeducation of the body to improve postural balance and coordination, permitting movement with minimal strain and maximum ease. We evaluated the efficacy of the Alexander technique in improving posture and surgical ergonomics during minimally invasive surgery. We performed a prospective cohort study in which subjects served as their own controls. Informed consent was obtained. Before Alexander technique instruction/intervention subjects underwent assessment of postural coordination and basic laparoscopic skills. All subjects were educated about the Alexander technique and underwent post-instruction/intervention assessment of posture and laparoscopic skills. Subjective and objective data obtained before and after instruction/intervention were tabulated and analyzed for statistical significance. All 7 subjects completed the study. Subjects showed improved ergonomics and improved ability to complete FLS™ as well as subjective improvement in overall posture. The Alexander technique training program resulted in a significant improvement in posture. Improved surgical ergonomics, endurance and posture decrease surgical fatigue and the incidence of repetitive stress injuries to laparoscopic surgeons. Further studies of the influence of the Alexander technique on surgical posture, minimally invasive surgery ergonomics and open surgical techniques are warranted to explore and validate the benefits for surgeons. Copyright © 2011 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. [A case of Alexander disease suspected juvenile-onset and exacerbating after long stationary state].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagaishi, Akiko; Nakane, Shunya; Fukudome, Takayasu; Matsuo, Hidenori; Yoshida, Tomokatsu

    2013-01-01

    We report the case of a 40-year-old woman with Alexander disease. She experienced single seizure as 1-year-old, and became less active after that. Her academic records in elementary school were poor. However, she graduated from junior college and was later employed as a clerk for a short duration. Her parents, who lived with her noticed her apathy when she was 38, and gait disturbance soon after. At the age of 40, she was admitted to a hospital because of a fall and was referred to us. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed significant leukodystrophy with frontal predominance, and cervical MRI revealed mild cervical cord atrophy with dilated central canal. We performed genetic analysis and found the R79H variant of the gene encoding the glial fibrillary acidic protein. The patient was diagnosed with Alexander disease and suspedted juvenile-onset on the basis of the genetic analysis and MRI findings. Patients with juvenile Alexander disease have been previously reported to have variable survival, ranging from the early teens to the 20's and 30's. Our patient may suggest that natural history of this disease is more variable than previously thought.

  12. Lithium Decreases Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein in a Mouse Model of Alexander Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaPash Daniels, Christine M; Paffenroth, Elizabeth; Austin, Elizabeth V; Glebov, Konstantin; Lewis, Diana; Walter, Jochen; Messing, Albee

    2015-01-01

    Alexander disease is a fatal neurodegenerative disease caused by mutations in the astrocyte intermediate filament glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). The disease is characterized by elevated levels of GFAP and the formation of protein aggregates, known as Rosenthal fibers, within astrocytes. Lithium has previously been shown to decrease protein aggregates by increasing the autophagy pathway for protein degradation. In addition, lithium has also been reported to decrease activation of the transcription factor STAT3, which is a regulator of GFAP transcription and astrogliogenesis. Here we tested whether lithium treatment would decrease levels of GFAP in a mouse model of Alexander disease. Mice with the Gfap-R236H point mutation were fed lithium food pellets for 4 to 8 weeks. Four weeks of treatment with LiCl at 0.5% in food pellets decreased GFAP protein and transcripts in several brain regions, although with mild side effects and some mortality. Extending the duration of treatment to 8 weeks resulted in higher mortality, and again with a decrease in GFAP in the surviving animals. Indicators of autophagy, such as LC3, were not increased, suggesting that lithium may decrease levels of GFAP through other pathways. Lithium reduced the levels of phosphorylated STAT3, suggesting this as one pathway mediating the effects on GFAP. In conclusion, lithium has the potential to decrease GFAP levels in Alexander disease, but with a narrow therapeutic window separating efficacy and toxicity.

  13. Lithium Decreases Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein in a Mouse Model of Alexander Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaPash Daniels, Christine M.; Paffenroth, Elizabeth; Austin, Elizabeth V.; Glebov, Konstantin; Lewis, Diana; Walter, Jochen; Messing, Albee

    2015-01-01

    Alexander disease is a fatal neurodegenerative disease caused by mutations in the astrocyte intermediate filament glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). The disease is characterized by elevated levels of GFAP and the formation of protein aggregates, known as Rosenthal fibers, within astrocytes. Lithium has previously been shown to decrease protein aggregates by increasing the autophagy pathway for protein degradation. In addition, lithium has also been reported to decrease activation of the transcription factor STAT3, which is a regulator of GFAP transcription and astrogliogenesis. Here we tested whether lithium treatment would decrease levels of GFAP in a mouse model of Alexander disease. Mice with the Gfap-R236H point mutation were fed lithium food pellets for 4 to 8 weeks. Four weeks of treatment with LiCl at 0.5% in food pellets decreased GFAP protein and transcripts in several brain regions, although with mild side effects and some mortality. Extending the duration of treatment to 8 weeks resulted in higher mortality, and again with a decrease in GFAP in the surviving animals. Indicators of autophagy, such as LC3, were not increased, suggesting that lithium may decrease levels of GFAP through other pathways. Lithium reduced the levels of phosphorylated STAT3, suggesting this as one pathway mediating the effects on GFAP. In conclusion, lithium has the potential to decrease GFAP levels in Alexander disease, but with a narrow therapeutic window separating efficacy and toxicity. PMID:26378915

  14. History and Pre-History of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation

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    D. Platikanov

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a short review of the history of Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Bonn - Bad Godesberg, Germany, on the occasion of its 60th anniversary is presented. This outstanding German foundation is actually the third one with the same name. Earlier two other Alexander von Humboldt Foundations consequently existed and they consist its pre-history, which is also shortly reviewed. The establishment of the present Foundation in 1953, its development and growth, its activities, information about the six presidents and five executive directors, as well as the main features, principles and guidelines are considered. During the last 60 years the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation became an important institution for the promotion of international research cooperation, which significantly influences the world science. It supported more than 27700 Humboldt fellows to carry out scientific research in Germany, and they form a large Humboldt family: a world-wide network. Large number Bulgarian Humboldt fellows are among the best scientists in Bulgaria.

  15. [Neurology in Byzantine medicine. An analysis of Alexander of Tralles' Medici libri duodecim].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Frutos-Gonzalez, Virgina; Guerrero-Peral, Ángel L

    2010-10-01

    Byzantium continued Greek and Roman habit of texts compilation, and so, preserved medical knowledge. In addition, assimilating the influence of Monastic and Arabic medicine, Byzantine physicians transmitted original contributions including references to neurological diseases. Alexander of Tralles was one of major exponents of Byzantine medicine. He received his early medical training with his father, and in extensive travels, gathered medical knowledge and experience. Medici libri duodecim is a treatise on pathology and therapeutics of internal diseases, in twelve books. It comprises views from observation of different diseases. Its influence was prolonged and it was translated and edited until Renaissance. We analyze grecolatin edition by Henricum Petrum (1556), with special interest in neurological disease citations. DEVELOPMENT. First of twelve books is dedicated to head and brain diseases. When considering headache, he classifies them, following Aretaeus of Cappadocia, in cephalalgia, cephalea and hemicrania, suggesting different pathogenic mechanisms and therapies. Headache is included among symptoms conducting, as well as memory or sleep disturbances, to delirium. Medici libri duodecim considers memory complaints among systemic diseases, mainly with cardiac involvement. Alexander distinguishes between paralysis (privation of sensibility and mobility concerning half of the body), and apoplexy (including main soul functions loss, even conducting to death). Regarding epilepsy, Medici libri duodecim considers that its origin can be outside the head, mainly in the stomach, and offers us descriptions of epileptic auras. Analysis of Alexander of Tralles' Medici libri duodecim shows how byzantine physicians understood neurological diseases. Therapeutics was based on venesection, medicinal plants and avoidance of noxious substances.

  16. Religiosidade em alunos e professores portugueses

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Ana Maria Mendes dos Santos Veríssimo

    2005-01-01

    Tese de Doutoramento em Ciências da Educação na especialidade de Educação Intercultural apresentada à Universidade Aberta Esta tese pretende analisar a religiosidade em alunos e professores, sendo a religiosidade entendida como o grau de ligação ou aceitação que cada indivíduo tem face à instituição religiosa (Alston, 1875) e à forma como põe em prática as crenças e os rituais (Shafranske e Malony, 1990). Para medir a religiosidade foram utilizados diversos instrumentos – a escala de Atitu...

  17. Professor Stewart's hoard of mathematical treasures

    CERN Document Server

    Stewart, Ian

    2010-01-01

    Ian Stewart, author of the bestselling Professor Stewart's Cabinet of Mathematical Curiosities, presents a new and magical mix of games, puzzles, paradoxes, brainteasers, and riddles. He mingles these with forays into ancient and modern mathematical thought, appallingly hilarious mathematical jokes, and enquiries into the great mathematical challenges of the present and past. Amongst a host of arcane and astonishing facts about every kind of number from irrational or imaginary to complex or cuneiform, we find out: how to organise chaos; how matter balances anti-matter; how to turn a sphere i

  18. Boodskap van Professor Dr. J. Waterink

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    J. Waterink

    1955-03-01

    Full Text Available Boodskap van Professor Dr. J. Waterinkter gelegendheid van die verlening aan hem van de graad Doctor Educationis, honoris causa, door de Universiteit voor Christelijk Hoger Onderwijs te Potchefstroom op Zaterdag, 26 Maart 1955, en op die dag voorgelezen door de heer Jan van den Berg, Buitengewoon en Gevolmachtigd Ambassadeur van Hare Mi iesteit de Koningin der Nederlanden. Mijnheer, de Kanselier, Mijnheer de Voorzitter van de Raad, Mijnheer deVice-Kanselier en Rector, overige Heren ambtsdragers, en gij alien,die herwaarts kwaanit ter gelegenheid van deze Gradendag,zeer geachte en zeer gewenste toehoorders.

  19. Transatlantic communication in the 19th century aspects of the correspondence between alexander von humboldt and george ticknor

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    Schwarz, Ingo

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The Prussian explorer Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859 and the North American scholar George Ticknor (1791-1871 met in 1817 in Paris, after Ticknor had studied languages, history, and natural sciences at the University of Göttingen. Two years later, he became the first Harvard Professor of the French and Spanish Languages and Literatures. When Ticknor visited Europe in 1836 and 1856, Humboldt was his guide in the Prussian Capital. Both, Humboldt and Ticknor were mediators between the Old World and the New Continent at a time when nationalism was fashionable both in literature and in politics. Humboldt and Ticknor did not agree on all political questions. However, their respect for each other helped them avoid controversial topics in their correspondence, and possibly in their conversations. With their ability to rank the things they had in common higher than their differences they were able to maintain a fruitful transatlantic dialogue over forty years.

    El explorador prusiano Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859 y el erudito norteamericano George Ticknor (1791-1871 se conocieron en 1817 en París, después que Ticknor había estudiado idiomas, historia y ciencias naturales en la Universidad de Göttingen. Dos años más tarde, llegó a ser el primer Profesor Harvard de Lenguas y Literatura francesa y española. Cuando Ticknor visitó Europa en 1836 y 1856, Humboldt fue su guía en la capital prusiana. Humboldt y Ticknor fueron mediadores entre el Viejo Mundo y el Nuevo Continente en una época en que el nacionalismo estaba de moda en la literatura y la política. Humboldt y Ticknor no estaban de acuerdo en todas las cuestiones políticas. Sin embargo, el respecto que existía entre ellos evitó los asuntos controvertibles en su conversación y posiblemente en su correspondencia. Con su habilidad para clasificar las cosas tenían en común por encima de sus diferencias ser capaces de mantener un diálogo fructífero trasatlántico durante

  20. Teachers' professional development needs and current practices at the Alexander Science Center School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gargus, Gerald Vincent

    This investigation represents an in-depth understanding of teacher professional development at the Alexander Science Center School, a dependent charter museum school established through a partnership between the California Science Center and Los Angeles Unified School District. Three methods of data collection were used. A survey was distributed and collected from the school's teachers, resulting in a prioritized list of teacher professional development needs, as well as a summary of teachers' opinions about the school's existing professional development program. In addition, six key stakeholders in the school's professional development program were interviewed for the study. Finally, documents related to the school's professional development program were analyzed. Data collected from the interviews and documents were used to develop an understand various components of the Alexander Science Center School's professional development program. Teachers identified seven areas that had a high-priority for future professional development including developing skills far working with below-grade-level students, improving the analytical skills of student in mathematics, working with English Language Learners, improving students' overall reading ability levels, developing teachers' content-area knowledge for science, integrating science across the curriculum, and incorporating hands-on activity-based learning strategies to teach science. Professional development needs identified by Alexander Science Center School teachers were categorized based on their focus on content knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge, or curricular knowledge. Analysis of data collected through interviews and documents revealed that the Alexander Science Center School's professional development program consisted of six venues for providing professional development for teachers including weekly "banked time" sessions taking place within the standard school day, grade-level meetings, teacher support

  1. Habitus professoral na sala de aula virtual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Marinho Pimenta

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Entendendo que a indiferença na ação pedagógica contribui para a reprodução das desigualdades no sistema de ensino, o presente artigo busca captar, a partir de entrevistas semiestruturadas, traços do habitus de professores supervisores de disciplinas do curso de Licenciatura em Pedagogia na modalidade a distância na Universidade de Brasília - UnB no âmbito do Sistema Universidade Aberta do Brasil - UAB. As orientações metodológicas de Bourdieu (2007 foram um dos elementos orientadores na análise das entrevistas, considerando ainda o uso heurístico do conceito de habitus. Conclui-se que o habitus professoral envolve esforços voluntários em busca de uma ação pedagógica diferenciada. No entanto, ele é ambíguo e condescendente frente aos limites do modelo de EaD no âmbito da UAB. Ao fim, os dados analisados permitem fornecer elementos para reorientação político-pedagógica que vise a um novo modelo de EaD nacional.

  2. Entrevista com o professor Salomon Turnowski

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    Carolina Lima Vilela

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Com aproximadamente 50 anos de experiências profissionais variadas em Geografia, o Professor Salomon Turnowski se revela, até hoje, um apaixonado por nosso campo de conhecimento. Em entrevista realizada pela equipe da Revista Giramundo, em junho de 2009, na Unidade Escolar Humaitá II, a disposição de contar sua trajetória parece movida pelos comentários a respeito de nossa ciência, de suas transformações e de sua paixão pelos livros. Atuante no Colégio Pedro II, onde lecionou entre 1984 e 2009, no IBGE e na antiga FIDERJ (Fundação Instituto de Desenvolvimento do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, entre outros, seu depoimento se revela, portanto, uma oportunidade para conhecer um pouco mais sobre sujeitos e instituições voltados à construção da Geografia no Brasil e no Rio de Janeiro, assim como sobre os contrastes entre as vivências de geógrafos e de professor. Fica aqui o registro acerca da experiência valiosa e diversificada desse profissional, assim como uma singela homenagem.

  3. Entrevista com o professor Rafael Straforini

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    Demian Garcia Castro

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Com vivência profissional na Educação Básica e na Superior, além de experiência de pesquisa em diferentes instituições universitárias nos estados de São Paulo e do Rio de Janeiro, o professor Rafael Straforini pode ser considerado uma das novas vozes importantes na área do Ensino de Geografia. Assim como na edição anterior, uma vez mais utilizamo-nos de plataforma digital e, na conexão direta Rio-Campinas, tivemos a oportunidade de abordar questões como a Geografia na Educação Infantil e nas séries iniciais do Ensino Fundamental, o currículo e a formação de professores, além de aproveitar um pouco para conversar sobre Geografia Histórica e a Revista Brasileira de Educação em Geografia. Agradecemos a Straforini pela oportunidade e deixamos o leitor com o resultado desse encontro virtual.

  4. When Professors Don't Return Essays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, William; Dhaliwal, Gurpreet

    2015-01-01

    Students devote hundreds of hours to writing notes during medical school clerkships but receive very limited feedback on that work. Medical student notes are like college essays-both are persuasive compositions. But attending physicians rarely scrutinize student notes like college professors analyze essays. This is a missed opportunity to teach clinical reasoning. A survey at our institution showed that only 16% of students received written feedback and 31% received oral feedback on their notes from more than 3 attending physicians during the first 8 months of 3rd-year clerkships. Many studies have reported a paucity of feedback across multiple domains and a sense among students that clinical reasoning is not being adequately taught during clerkships. Meanwhile, college professors teach written composition and reasoning through interactive methods that help students to develop structured, well-reasoned arguments. A recent study showed that 85% of Oxford undergraduates favored these demanding and time-intensive tutorials. Attending physicians who adopt a tutorial-based approach toward their students' notes would have a forum to teach clinical reasoning and emphasize the importance of written composition in medical practice.

  5. FORMANDO PROFESSORES: UMA HEURÍSTICA REFLEXIVA

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    Tania Gastão Saliés

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo reflete criticamente sobre a formação do professor de LE à luz da condição pós-método, com o intuito de contribuir para a ação de programas de formação.  Dentre outras questões, ilumina a importância de o professor em formação construir percepção sobre o contexto e de si próprio como agente da própria formação.  Para tal, primeiro trata de aspectos filosóficos presentes no contra-discurso da condição pós-método, em seguida destaca a conscientização sobre o papel do contexto no ensino-aprendizagem de línguas e finalmente  apresenta uma heurística reflexiva com potencial de guiar as ações dos cursos de formação.    

  6. Professor Gender, Age, and “Hotness” in Influencing College Students’ Generation and Interpretation of Professor Ratings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara L. Sohr-Preston

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Undergraduate psychology students rated expectations of a bogus professor (randomly designated a man or woman and hot versus not hot based on an online rating and sample comments as found on RateMyProfessors.com (RMP. Five professor qualities were derived using principal components analysis (PCA: dedication, attractiveness, enhancement, fairness, and clarity. Participants rated current psychology professors on the same qualities. Current professors were divided based on gender (man or woman, age (under 35 or 35 and older, and attractiveness (at or below the median or above the median. Using multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA, students expected hot professors to be more attractive but lower in clarity. They rated current professors as lowest in clarity when a man and 35 or older. Current professors were rated significantly lower in dedication, enhancement, fairness, and clarity when rated at or below the median on attractiveness. Results, with previous research, suggest numerous factors, largely out of professors’ control, influencing how students interpret and create professor ratings. Caution is therefore warranted in using online ratings to select courses or make hiring and promotion decisions.

  7. Professor Gender, Age, and “Hotness” in Influencing College Students’ Generation and Interpretation of Professor Ratings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara L. Sohr-Preston

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Undergraduate psychology students rated expectations of a bogus professor (randomly designated a man or woman and hot versus not hot based on an online rating and sample comments as found on RateMyProfessors.com (RMP. Five professor qualities were derived using principal components analysis (PCA: dedication, attractiveness, enhancement, fairness, and clarity. Participants rated current psychology professors on the same qualities. Current professors were divided based on gender (man or woman, age (under 35 or 35 and older, and attractiveness (at or below the median or above the median. Using multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA, students expected hot professors to be more attractive but lower in clarity. They rated current professors as lowest in clarity when a man and 35 or older. Current professors were rated significantly lower in dedication, enhancement, fairness, and clarity when rated at or below the median on attractiveness. Results, with previous research, suggest numerous factors, largely out of professors’ control, influencing how students interpret and create professor ratings. Caution is therefore warranted in using online ratings to select courses or make hiring and promotion decisions. 

  8. Institutional Support for the Virtual Professor

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    Tom JONES

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Academics who hold positions at single-mode, distance education institutions are presently being hampered by an adherence to a long-standing set of protocols (specific office location, face-to-face meetings that were put in place when the conventional post-secondary was the norm. With the advent of a powerful merging of personal computers and the internet, a shift from those protocols to one of support for the virtual professor is in the offing, to the benefit of both the professoriate and the student. A key factor in this shift is the degree and quality of institutional support that will allow these changes to take place. This paper focuses on a number of the key factors that will have to be addressed if this new type of distance education academic is to function effectively.

  9. Students' Needs Analysis in an EFL Program for University Professors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedoya, Paula Andrea; Valencia, Luz María; Montoya, Juan Carlos

    2016-01-01

    This study sets out to investigate professors' needs from an English as a foreign language program in a public university regarding demands, interests, and lacks based on the methodology of needs analysis. Data collected through a survey, focus groups, and individual interviews showed that professors need to meet the institutional language policy…

  10. Rate My Professor: Online Evaluations of Psychology Instructors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Kathleen M.; Silva, Francisco J.; Quinn, Megan A.; Draper, Jill N.; Cover, Kimberly R.; Munoff, Alison A.

    2008-01-01

    We analyzed students' ratings and comments of their psychology instructors that were posted on RateMyProfessors.com and RateMyProfessors.ca to determine which features of a course and an instructor evoked the most positive and negative reactions. A content analysis of students' comments showed that instructors' characteristics(e.g., enthusiastic,…

  11. More Colleges Offer Part-Time Options for Professors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Robin

    2008-01-01

    The University of California campuses are among a small but growing number of research universities adopting new policies--or reinvigorating old ones--that allow tenure-track and tenured professors to work part time. Typically, professors interested in scaling back their work want more time to care for young children, a sick relative, or an aging…

  12. Child Rearing as a Career Impediment to Women Assistant Professors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkel, Susan Kolker; Olswang, Steven G.

    1996-01-01

    Over 40% of women assistant professors in a recent survey (n=124) identified publishing, teaching, committees, and "time required by children" as serious impediments to achieving tenure, many more than reported sexual harassment and sexism as serious obstacles. Policy changes that will accommodate women professors' time commitments to…

  13. Do Professors Have Customer-Based Brand Equity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jillapalli, Ravi K.; Jillapalli, Regina

    2014-01-01

    This research endeavors to understand whether certain professors have customer-based brand equity (CBBE) in the minds of students. Consequently, the purpose of this study is to conceptualize, develop, and empirically test a model of customer-based professor brand equity. Survey data gathered from 465 undergraduate business students were used to…

  14. Academic Labor Markets and Assistant Professors' Employment Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargens, Lowell L.

    2012-01-01

    Using data for 638 assistant professors who joined graduate sociology departments between 1975 and 1992, I examine the claim that when the labor market for new doctorates is weak, assistant professors experience less favorable employment outcomes than when that labor market is strong. Surprisingly, I find that those hired during the weak…

  15. Effects of Social Support on Professors' Work Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moeller, Christin; Chung-Yan, Greg A.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine how various types of workplace social support from different support sources interact with occupational stressors to predict the psychological well-being of university professors. Design/method/approach: A total of 99 full-time professors participated via an online or paper questionnaire. Findings:…

  16. Mentoring by the Community College Professor: One Role among Many

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galbraith, Michael; James, Waynne

    2004-01-01

    The process of mentorship in relationship to the community college professor and the potential to improve and enhance the teaching and learning process is explored in this article. This article suggests that not all community college professors are psychological or intellectually disposed to being or becoming a good mentor. It is put forth that…

  17. 26 CFR 521.114 - Visiting professors or teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 19 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Visiting professors or teachers. 521.114... of Denmark and of Danish Corporations § 521.114 Visiting professors or teachers. Under Article XIV of... States for the purpose of teaching, lecturing, or instructing at any university, college, school, or...

  18. Mental Health Assessment in Professors' Training in Two Chilean Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ossa, Carlos J.; Quintana, Ingrid M.; Rodriguez, Felipe F.

    2015-01-01

    This study analyzed the evaluation of professors of pedagogy and directors programs, about the importance of mental health in vocational training, and factors that might influence this valuation. The methodology includes participation of 17 academicians (professors and belonging to the managerial staff) of two universities in southern Chile. A…

  19. Differentiated Instruction: Are University Reading Professors Implementing It?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams-Black, Thea Hayes; Bailey, Jennifer P.; Lawson, Pamela D. Coleman

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative study surveyed university professors of literacy education to explore "how" and "if" they modeled differentiated instruction in their own college classrooms. A survey in questionnaire format on "how" and "if" University Reading Professors differentiate instruction was sent to a purposeful…

  20. University Pedagogy for Assistant Professors at Aalborg University (Part 2)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolmos, Anette; Krogh, Lone

    2003-01-01

    In issue 1-2003, Anette Kolmos and Lone Krogh reported on the two-semester study course " University Pedagogy for Assistant Professors at Aalborg University (DK)". Now, in part 2, they are adressing guidelines for supervison and advising of assistant professors in the university teacher education...

  1. Student and Professor Gender Effects in Introductory Business Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haley, M. Ryan; Johnson, Marianne F.; Kuennen, Eric W.

    2007-01-01

    Studies have yielded highly mixed results as to differences in male and female student performance in statistics courses; the role that professors play in these differences is even less clear. In this paper, we consider the impact of professor and student gender on student performance in an introductory business statistics course taught by…

  2. In commemoration of professor V.P. Karpov

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semyonova L.S.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is about professor Karpov V.P., a prominent scientist, first rector of Yekaterinoslav Medical Academy. Biography of a great investigator, his main achievements in the area of histology, biology, theory and history of medicine was studied. Professor Karpov V.P. always combined his great scientific, organizational and research work with social activity. Monographs of professor Karpov V.P. and conferences organized by him were of great importance in the solution of such new problems as theary of microscope and cell amitosis. Professor Karpov is a founder of a large school of histology. Thanks to his active participation and personal guidance, in 1917 department of histology was founded in Yekaterinoslav Medical Institute. The author of the article has analyzed Hippocrates` works translated into Russian by professor Karpov V.P. and pointed out their significance for modern medical science and practice.

  3. Professor I I Glass A Tribute and Memorial

    CERN Document Server

    Igra, Ozer

    2013-01-01

    The book provides personal memories along with description of scientific works written by ex-graduate students and research associates of the late Professor Glass. The described research work covers a wide range of shock wave phenomena, resulting from seeds planted by Professor Glass. Professor Glass was born in Poland in 1918. He immigrated together with his parents to Canada at the age of 12 and received all his professional education at the University of Toronto, Canada. He became a world recognized expert in shock wave phenomena, and during his 45 years of active research he supervised more than 125 master and doctoral students, post-doctoral fellows and visiting research associates. In this book seven of his past students/research-associates describe their personal memories of Professor Glass and present some of their investigations in shock wave phenomena which sprung from their past work with Professor Glass. Specifically, these investigations include underwater shock waves, shock/bubble interaction, m...

  4. Alexander Fleming, citrated blood and penicillin: paths not pursued and applications delayed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortimer, P P

    2009-12-01

    Ninety years ago Alexander Fleming (later to discover penicillin) jointly wrote a description of the use of indirect transfusions of citrated blood at a World War 1 (WW1) base hospital. It was the longest series yet to be published, incorporating what was then a novel procedure for treating war casualties. Returning to civilian life Fleming, a qualified surgeon and bacteriologist, chose a different career path, and not until the wars of the late 1930s were the advances in transfusion in WW1 fully incorporated into the management of trauma and haemorrhage. Like penicillin, the benefits of indirect transfusion were only slowly realised.

  5. Das Ganze der Natur Alexander von Humboldt und das romantische Forschungsprogramm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristian Köchy

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, German and Spanish. The wholeness of natureAlexander von Humboldt and the romantic research programIt does not seem to be clear whether there is a tight junction between the humboldian science and the romantic research program. But by recognizing the principal aim of Humboldts concept – the representation of nature as a whole – one can see how Humboldts view has been developed in contact with romantic ideas. This investigation analyses Humboldts research program in consideration of its main features and the special relations between science, philosophy of nature, feeling of nature, history and art.

  6. Familial Adult-onset Alexander Disease: Clinical and Neuroradiological Findings of Three Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmali, Ayşe Deniz; Çetinçelik, Ümran; Işlak, Civan; Uzun Adatepe, Nurten; Karaali Savrun, Feray; Yalçinkaya, Cengiz

    2016-06-01

    The adult-onset Alexander disease (AOAD) dramatically differs from the early onset AD with respect to clinical and neuroradiological findings. Herein we report the detailed clinical and neuroradiological findings of a Turkish family with AOAD. In all three cases, magnetic resonance imaging revealed marked atrophy of the mesencephalon, bulbus, and cervical spinal cord accompanied with signal abnormalities in the same regions along with supratentorial white matter. Basal ganglia were affected in two cases. Molecular genetic analysis revealed heterozygous mutation in the 8th exon of the glial fibrillary acidic protein gene M451I (c.1245G>A), leading to the diagnosis of AOAD in all cases.

  7. PRAYER AND THE "SPIRITUAL CONSTITUENT" IN THE IMAGE OF A BELOVED IN ALEXANDER PUSHKIN'S LYRIC POETRY

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Alexandrovna Kuchina

    2013-01-01

    Prayer in Alexander Pushkin's lyric poetry appears in its natural ecclesiological context. In his prayerful poems devoted to a woman the motif of turning Love into Divinity in the light of Christian understanding of Beauty plays the most important role. Pushkin's personal prayers are very close to the patristic idea. In his poem Akathist to Ekaterina Nikolaevna Karamzina Pushkin embodied the prayer-praising; in his poem I loved you — and love it may yet be Deep in my soul... he embodied the p...

  8. Alexander Thom (1775-1845): From Army Surgeon to Settlement Founder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petty, Ross D

    2017-01-01

    This paper examines the life of a 19th century medical practitioner and the impact he had on both people and society. Alexander Thom had a distinguished career as a surgeon in the British Army Medical Service before retiring to become one of the founding settlers and leaders of Perth, Ontario. There his half-pay retirement, land grants from being in the military and his medical practice enabled him to become a successful businessman-mill owner, justice of the peace, local politician and eventually district court judge. Like many doctors of his or any era, his contributions to society extended beyond his medical practice.

  9. Comparative-historical method in Slavic linguistics and Alexander Vostokov’s philological intuitions

    OpenAIRE

    Melkov Andrey Sergeevich

    2015-01-01

    The article is devoted to the estimation of Alexander Vostokov’s (1781-1864) contribution to the formation and development of the Slavic philology as a scientific discipline. In the foundation of the research there is the analyses of Vostokov’s work “Judgement about the Slavic language”, which has become the result of the scientist’s study the oldest Russian manuscript “Ostromir Gospels”. Vostokov devised a new method for the Slavic philology, which is used to call comparative-historical in m...

  10. "Die Toten reiten schnelle." Literarische Zitate in Briefen von und an Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingo Schwarz

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in GermanAbstract in English and GermanAlexander von Humboldt and his correspondents liked to enrich or embellish their letters with quotations from classic works of ancient literature as well as from recent poems, plays, or novels. This paper tries to show that references to literature were very often used in order to express thoughts and feelings more clearly not so much for impressing the recipients of letters with high education. In educated circles a good knowledge of ancient and modern works of literature was a standard requirement, which often allowed the letter writers to use quotations in a playful manner.

  11. Rar o koshmare ili intervju, kotorogo ne bõlo / Alexander Rahr ; interv. Jana Toom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rahr, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas toimus 2007. a. aprillisündmustele pühendatud V Kodurahu foorum. Esinejate hulgas oli ka tuntud Saksa politoloog Alexander Rahr, kes Eestisse saabus loenguga teemal "Saksamaa-Venemaa: strateegilise partnerluse ülesehitamise kogemused". Lääneriigid on veendunud, et NATO ja Euroopa Liidu laienemine tugevdab ja konsolideerib demokraatlikku Euroopat, kuid Venemaad uude Euroopasse mitteintegreerides teeb Lääs strateegilise vea, mille eest tasumine jääb järgnevatele põlvedele. Kahjuks aitab eneseisolatsioonile kaasa ka Moskva tegevus. Euroopa ühise kodu idee, vanade ja uute Euroopa Liidu liikmete suhted Venemaaga, teemad, mis vajaksid kogu Euroopa koostööd

  12. OBITUARY: Professor Jan Evetts in memoriam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dew-Hughes, David; Campbell, Archie; Glowacki, Bartek

    2005-11-01

    It is with great sadness that we report the death of Jan Evetts, who lost his second battle with cancer on 18 August 2005. In 1988 he was appointed Founding Editor of this journal where his leadership created the foundation upon which its success rests today. He made an outstanding series of contributions to the science of superconductivity and to the understanding of superconducting materials, and was an indefatigable champion of the development of applications of superconductivity. The loss to the scientific community is incalculable, as is attested by the many communications received from colleagues throughout the world. Professor Jan Edgar Evetts (1939-2005) Professor Jan Edgar Evetts (1939-2005) Jan was born on 31 March 1939, and attended the Dragon School in Oxford, and later Haileybury. He was awarded an exhibition to read Natural Sciences at Pembroke College, Cambridge in 1958 and took his BA degree in 1961. He then undertook a Certificate of Postgraduate Study in Physics under the supervision of Professor Neville Mott. He was the first student to undertake this newly-instituted course; the title of his thesis was `The Resistance of Transition Metals'. In 1962 he joined David Dew-Hughes' embryonic superconducting materials research group, along with Archie Campbell and Anant Narlikar. In fact it was Jan's enthusiasm for the proposed course of research that helped convince David that he should follow Professor Alan Cottrell's suggestion to apply metallurgical methodology to the study of the factors that controlled critical current density in the type II superconductors that were then under development for applications in magnets. Competing theories for the critical current density at that time were fine filaments or `Mendelssohn Sponge' versus the pinning of Abrikosov quantized vortices. The results of the group's work, to which Jan made a major contribution, came down heavily in favour of the latter theory. Jan's outstanding characteristic was his

  13. Impacto vocal de professores Teachers' vocal impact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Ricarte

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: analisar o impacto vocal nas atividades diárias em professores do ensino médio. Correlacionar os achado da auto-percepção do problema vocal com os aspectos: efeitos no trabalho, na comunicação diária, na comunicação social e na sua emoção. MÉTODOS: a amostra foi constituída por 107 professores, sendo 86 com queixa e 21 sem queixa, selecionados em escolas da rede particular de ensino de Maceió-AL. Cada professor respondeu individualmente o protocolo Perfil Participação em Atividades Vocais na presença da pesquisadora, assinalando suas respostas em uma escala visual que varia de 0 a 10. O protocolo é composto por 28 questões com a presença integrada em cinco aspectos englobados para avaliar a qualidade de vida e o resultado de tratamentos vocais. O protocolo oferece, ainda, dois escores adicionais: pontuação de limitação nas atividades (PLA e de restrição de participação (PRP. RESULTADOS: na comparação dos grupos com e sem queixa vocal foram verificados que todos os resultados foram estatisticamente significantes (pPURPOSE: to analyze the vocal impact in the daily activities on high-school teachers. Correlate the finding of the auto-perception on the vocal problem with the following aspects: effects in the work, daily communication, social communication and, its emotion METHODS: the sample consisted of 107 teachers, 86 with and 21 with no complaint, selected from private teaching schools in Maceió-AL. Each teacher answered individually the Protocol for Voice Activity Participation Profile in the presence of the researcher, noting their responses on a visual scale ranging from 0 to 10. The protocol is composed of 28 questions with the presence integrated in five aspects to evaluate the quality of life and the result of vocal treatments. The protocol offers, still, two additional scores: punctuation of limitation in the activities (PLA and restriction of participation (PRP. RESULTS: comparing the groups with

  14. The ocular motor features of adult-onset alexander disease: a case and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfeffer, Gerald; Abegg, Mathias; Vertinsky, A Talia; Ceccherini, Isabella; Caroli, Francesco; Barton, Jason J S

    2011-06-01

    A 51-year-old Chinese man presented with gaze-evoked nystagmus, impaired smooth pursuit and vestibular ocular reflex cancellation, and saccadic dysmetria, along with a family history suggestive of late-onset autosomal dominant parkinsonism. MRI revealed abnormalities of the medulla and cervical spinal cord typical of adult-onset Alexander disease, and genetic testing showed homozygosity for the p.D295N polymorphic allele in the gene encoding the glial fibrillary acidic protein. A review of the literature shows that ocular signs are frequent in adult-onset Alexander disease, most commonly gaze-evoked nystagmus, pendular nystagmus, and/or oculopalatal myoclonus, and less commonly ptosis, miosis, and saccadic dysmetria. These signs are consistent with the propensity of adult-onset Alexander disease to cause medullary abnormalities on neuroimaging.

  15. Can the Alexander Technique improve balance and mobility in older adults with visual impairments? A randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleeson, Michael; Sherrington, Catherine; Lo, Serigne; Keay, Lisa

    2015-03-01

    To investigate the impact of Alexander Technique lessons on balance and mobility in older adults with visual impairments. Randomized assessor blinded controlled trial with intervention and usual care control groups. Participants' homes. A total of 120 community-dwellers aged 50+ with visual impairments. Twelve weeks of Alexander lessons and usual care. Short Physical Performance Battery items were primary outcomes at 3 months and secondary outcomes at 12 months. Additional secondary outcomes were postural sway, maximal balance range and falls over 12 months. Between-group differences in primary outcomes were not significant. The intervention group reduced postural sway on a firm surface with eyes open at 3 months after adjusting for baseline values (-29.59 mm, 95%CI -49.52 to -9.67, P Alexander Technique is warranted. © The Author(s) 2014.

  16. Randomised controlled trial of Alexander technique lessons, exercise, and massage (ATEAM) for chronic and recurrent back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Paul; Lewith, George; Webley, Fran; Evans, Maggie; Beattie, Angela; Middleton, Karen; Barnett, Jane; Ballard, Kathleen; Oxford, Frances; Smith, Peter; Yardley, Lucy; Hollinghurst, Sandra; Sharp, Debbie

    2008-12-01

    To determine the effectiveness of lessons in the Alexander technique, massage therapy, and advice from a doctor to take exercise (exercise prescription) along with nurse delivered behavioural counselling for patients with chronic or recurrent back pain. Factorial randomised trial. Setting 64 general practices in England. 579 patients with chronic or recurrent low back pain; 144 were randomised to normal care, 147 to massage, 144 to six Alexander technique lessons, and 144 to 24 Alexander technique lessons; half of each of these groups were randomised to exercise prescription. Normal care (control), six sessions of massage, six or 24 lessons on the Alexander technique, and prescription for exercise from a doctor with nurse delivered behavioural counselling. Roland Morris disability score (number of activities impaired by pain) and number of days in pain. Exercise and lessons in the Alexander technique, but not massage, remained effective at one year (compared with control Roland disability score 8.1: massage -0.58, 95% confidence interval -1.94 to 0.77, six lessons -1.40, -2.77 to -0.03, 24 lessons -3.4, -4.76 to -2.03, and exercise -1.29, -2.25 to -0.34). Exercise after six lessons achieved 72% of the effect of 24 lessons alone (Roland disability score -2.98 and -4.14, respectively). Number of days with back pain in the past four weeks were lower after lessons (compared with control median 21 days: 24 lessons -18, six lessons -10, massage -7) and quality of life improved significantly. No significant harms were reported. One to one lessons in the Alexander technique from registered teachers have long term benefits for patients with chronic back pain. Six lessons followed by exercise prescription were nearly as effective as 24 lessons.

  17. An economic evaluation of Alexander Technique lessons or acupuncture sessions for patients with chronic neck pain: A randomized trial (ATLAS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Essex, Holly; Parrott, Steve; Atkin, Karl; Ballard, Kathleen; Bland, Martin; Eldred, Janet; Hewitt, Catherine; Hopton, Ann; Keding, Ada; Lansdown, Harriet; Richmond, Stewart; Tilbrook, Helen; Torgerson, David; Watt, Ian; Wenham, Aniela; Woodman, Julia; MacPherson, Hugh

    2017-01-01

    To assess the cost-effectiveness of acupuncture and usual care, and Alexander Technique lessons and usual care, compared with usual GP care alone for chronic neck pain patients. An economic evaluation was undertaken alongside the ATLAS trial, taking both NHS and wider societal viewpoints. Participants were offered up to twelve acupuncture sessions or twenty Alexander lessons (equivalent overall contact time). Costs were in pounds sterling. Effectiveness was measured using the generic EQ-5D to calculate quality adjusted life years (QALYs), as well as using a specific neck pain measure-the Northwick Park Neck Pain Questionnaire (NPQ). In the base case analysis, incremental QALY gains were 0.032 and 0.025 in the acupuncture and Alexander groups, respectively, in comparison to usual GP care, indicating moderate health benefits for both interventions. Incremental costs were £451 for acupuncture and £667 for Alexander, mainly driven by intervention costs. Acupuncture was likely to be cost-effective (ICER = £18,767/QALY bootstrapped 95% CI £4,426 to £74,562) and was robust to most sensitivity analyses. Alexander lessons were not cost-effective at the lower NICE threshold of £20,000/QALY (£25,101/QALY bootstrapped 95% CI -£150,208 to £248,697) but may be at £30,000/QALY, however, there was considerable statistical uncertainty in all tested scenarios. In comparison with usual care, acupuncture is likely to be cost-effective for chronic neck pain, whereas, largely due to higher intervention costs, Alexander lessons are unlikely to be cost-effective. However, there were high levels of missing data and further research is needed to assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of these interventions.

  18. Evidence for the effectiveness of Alexander Technique lessons in medical and health-related conditions: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodman, J P; Moore, N R

    2012-01-01

    Complementary medicine and alternative approaches to chronic and intractable health conditions are increasingly being used, and require critical evaluation. The aim of this review was to systematically evaluate available evidence for the effectiveness and safety of instruction in the Alexander Technique in health-related conditions. PUBMED, EMBASE, PSYCHINFO, ISI Web-of-Knowledge, AMED, CINHAL-plus, Cochrane library and Evidence-based Medicine Reviews were searched to July 2011. Inclusion criteria were prospective studies evaluating Alexander Technique instruction (individual lessons or group delivery) as an intervention for any medical indication/health-related condition. Studies were categorised and data extracted on study population, randomisation method, nature of intervention and control, practitioner characteristics, validity and reliability of outcome measures, completeness of follow-up and statistical analyses.   Of 271 publications identified, 18 were selected: three randomised, controlled trials (RCTs), two controlled non-randomised studies, eight non-controlled studies, four qualitative analyses and one health economic analysis. One well-designed, well-conducted RCT demonstrated that, compared with usual GP care, Alexander Technique lessons led to significant long-term reductions in back pain and incapacity caused by chronic back pain. The results were broadly supported by a smaller, earlier RCT in chronic back pain. The third RCT, a small, well-designed, well-conducted study in individuals with Parkinson's disease, showed a sustained increased ability to carry out everyday activities following Alexander lessons, compared with usual care. The 15 non-RCT studies are also reviewed. Strong evidence exists for the effectiveness of Alexander Technique lessons for chronic back pain and moderate evidence in Parkinson's-associated disability. Preliminary evidence suggests that Alexander Technique lessons may lead to improvements in balance skills in the

  19. Efficacy of the Alexander Technique in treating chronic non-specific neck pain: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauche, Romy; Schuth, Mareike; Schwickert, Myriam; Lüdtke, Rainer; Musial, Frauke; Michalsen, Andreas; Dobos, Gustav; Choi, Kyung-Eun

    2016-03-01

    To test the efficacy of the Alexander Technique, local heat and guided imagery on pain and quality of life in patients with chronic non-specific neck pain. A randomized controlled trial with 3 parallel groups was conducted. Outpatient clinic, Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine. A total of 72 patients (65 females, 40.7±7.9 years) with chronic non-specific neck pain. Patients received 5 sessions of the Alexander Technique--an educational method which aims to modify dysfunctional posture, movement and thinking patterns associated with musculoskeletal disorders. Control groups were treated with local heat application or guided imagery. All interventions were conducted once a week for 45 minutes each. The primary outcome measure at week 5 was neck pain intensity on a 100-mm visual analogue scale; secondary outcomes included neck disability, quality of life, satisfaction and safety. Analyses of covariance were applied; testing ordered hypotheses. No group difference was found for pain intensity for the Alexander Technique compared to local heat (difference 4.5mm; 95% CI:-8.1;17.1; p=0.48), but exploratory analysis revealed the superiority of the Alexander Technique over guided imagery (difference -12.9 mm; 95% CI:-22.6;-3.1, p=0.01). Significant group differences in favor of the Alexander Technique were also found for physical quality of life (P<0.05). Adverse events mainly included slightly increased pain and muscle soreness. The Alexander Technique was not superior to local heat application in treating chronic non-specific neck pain. It cannot be recommended as routine intervention at this time. Further trials are warranted for conclusive judgment. © The Author(s) 2015.

  20. Beneficial effects of Nrf2 overexpression in a mouse model of Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaPash Daniels, Christine M; Austin, Elizabeth V; Rockney, Danica E; Jacka, Elizabeth M; Hagemann, Tracy L; Johnson, Delinda A; Johnson, Jeffrey A; Messing, Albee

    2012-08-01

    Alexander disease is a fatal neurodegenerative disease caused by dominant mutations in glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). The disease is characterized by protein inclusions called Rosenthal fibers within astrocyte cell bodies and processes, and an antioxidant response mediated by the transcription factor Nrf2. We sought to test whether further elevation of Nrf2 would be beneficial in a mouse model of Alexander disease. Forcing overexpression of Nrf2 in astrocytes of R236H GFAP mutant mice decreased GFAP protein in all brain regions examined (olfactory bulb, hippocampus, cerebral cortex, brainstem, cerebellum, and spinal cord) and decreased Rosenthal fibers in olfactory bulb, hippocampus, corpus callosum, and brainstem. Nrf2 overexpression also restored body weights of R236H mice to near wild-type levels. Nrf2 regulates several genes involved in homeostasis of the antioxidant molecule glutathione, and the neuroprotective effects of Nrf2 in other neurological disorders may reflect restoration of glutathione to normal levels. However, glutathione levels in R236H mice were not decreased. Nrf2 overexpression did not change glutathione levels or ratio of reduced to oxidized glutathione (indicative of oxidative stress) in olfactory bulb, where Nrf2 dramatically reduced GFAP. Depletion of glutathione through knock-out of the GCLM (glutamate-cysteine ligase modifier subunit) also did not affect GFAP levels or body weight of R236H mice. These data suggest that the beneficial effects of Nrf2 are not mediated through glutathione.

  1. The clinical spectrum of late-onset Alexander disease: a systematic literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balbi, Pietro; Salvini, Silvana; Fundarò, Cira; Frazzitta, Giuseppe; Maestri, Roberto; Mosah, Dibo; Uggetti, Carla; Sechi, GianPietro

    2010-12-01

    Following the discovery of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) mutations as the causative factor of Alexander disease (AxD), new case reports have recently increased, prompting a more detailed comprehension of the clinical features of the three disease subtypes (infantile, juvenile and adult). While the clinical pattern of the infantile form has been substantially confirmed, the late-onset subtypes (i.e., juvenile and adult), once considered rare manifestations of AxD, have displayed a wider clinical spectrum. Our aim was to evaluate the clinical phenotype of the adult and juvenile forms by reviewing the previously reported cases. Data were collected from previously published reports on 112 subjects affected by neuropathologically or genetically proven adult and juvenile Alexander disease. Although the late-onset forms of AxD show a wide clinical variability, a common pattern emerges from comparing previously reported cases, characterized by pseudo-bulbar signs, ataxia, and spasticity, associated with atrophy of the medulla and upper cervical cord on neuroimaging. Late-onset AxD cases can no longer be considered as rare manifestations of the disease. The clinical pattern usually reflects the topographic localization of the lesions, with adult cases displaying a predominant infratentorial localization of the lesions. Juvenile cases show clinical and radiological features which are intermediate between adult and infantile forms.

  2. Effects of Implementing the Alexander Technique on Enjoying the Sense of Motherhood in the Postpartum Period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banoofatemeh, Somayeh; Oreyzi, Hamid Reza; Bahadoran, Parvin

    2017-01-01

    The broad concept of maternal well-being includes psychological concepts, social aspects, and aspects of becoming a mother. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of implementing the Alexander technique on enjoying the sense of motherhood. This study was a clinical trial conducted in two phases. In the first phase, using the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, 226 mothers were asked to undergo a scale test of enjoying the sense of motherhood after childbirth. In the second phase, 88 pregnant women were divided into two experimental groups. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire about enjoying the sense of motherhood. Independent samples t-test, Mann-Whitney test, Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, analysis of variance test, Box test, and Levine test were used to analyze the data. Results of this study showed that the mean scores of the constructs of enjoying pregnancy (P > 0.001), motherhood, and child care satisfaction (P > 0.001) in the experimental group were significantly higher than the control group. Moreover, the construct of trusting their own abilities to cope with maternal duties (P > 0.01) did not show significant differences between the two groups. The findings indicated that the Alexander technique can promote mothers' psychological well-being and their pleasure of becoming a mother and the related constructs. Results also revealed that using this technique, educating and recommending pregnant women to use this technique will be beneficial.

  3. Identität und Differenz Goethes Faust und Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinz Krumpel

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, Spanish and GermanIn the article “Identity and difference between Goethe`s Faust and Alexander von Humboldt” the issue of how much Faust is contained in Humboldt and in which way Goethe`s Faust has to be related to Alexander von Humboldt is discussed. Here the connection of activity, knowledge and vision as well as the relationship between humans and nature are central to the examination. Goethe and Humboldt were greatly influenced by the enlightenment. Their ideas and visions show us today that modernity is an incomplete project. In Goethe`s Faust the question of the essence of mankind is posed because there is a hint of Faust and Mephisto in each human. With Humboldt those principles acted among other things as a driving force for greater productitivity and the extraction of knowledge. Even though Faust did not fail in his bet with Mephisto, on the other hand he also did not win. Humboldt, however, would have won the bet. Considering the global ecological crisis and regional conflicts today the idea of the relation of Goethe´s Faust and Humboldt has an astonishing relevance.

  4. Pamphlet of the Arethas of Caesarea Against Nicholas Mysticus and Emperor Alexander I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitriy E. Afinogenov

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Using the demise of ex-Patriarch Euthymios (date of death – August 5, 917 as a pretext, Arethas of Caesarea attacks with vicious blame both deceased Emperor Alexander I and prospering and ruling Patriarch Nicholas Mysticus. The article proposes to date the Funerary oration on Euthymios (BHG 652 to August 917, since it was apparently pronounced on occasion of his death and funeral, not on the relics transfer, as it was supposed before. The author analyzes the famous comparison of Euthymios with John Chrysostom, Nikephoros I of Constantinople, and with Photios. Actually, it was Emperor Leo VI who removed Photios and sent him to exile (or relegated to a monastery. This fact classes Euthymios with Arcadius and Eudoxia, and most importantly with image breaker Leo V. This circumstance casts serious doubts on Arethas’ motivations. The reason for the positive attitude towards Leo could be, apart from the opposition to Alexander, the fact that at the time of the work’s composition Zoe Carbonopsina was the actual regent, who ruled in the name of Leo VI’s minor son Constantine VII. The publication contains a Russian translation of the work, the first version in any modern European language ever.

  5. Trace element analysis of Alexander the Great's silver tetradrachms minted in Macedonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kallithrakas-Kontos, N.; Katsanos, A. A.; Touratsoglou, J.

    2000-11-01

    The coinage of Alexander the Great presents a special interest because of its international character in the frame of the ancient times. At least 31 mints (from Aigai to Babylon and from Pella to Alexandreia) operated in the vast state, which was created by Alexander in just over 10 years (334-323 BC). Impressive quantities of tetradrachms were consequently minted for the economic affairs of an expanding state. The mints continued to be active and after the premature death of the Macedonian king, producing among others and tetradrachms in his name. The elemental chemical composition of silver tetradrachms minted in Amphipolis as well as in other Macedonian Greek cities was analysed by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF), and 12 elements were determined. The problem of the patina (silver corrosion layer) effects on the results was examined by analysis before and after the corrosion product removal. From the results of the chemical composition, a similar numismatic policy is deduced for all the analysed coin as well as metal provenance indications for some of the coins.

  6. Book review: An Introduction to Audio Content Analysis: Applications in Signal Processing and Music Informatics by Alexander Lerch

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sturm, Bob L.

    2013-01-01

    A critical review of the book: An Introduction to Audio Content Analysis: Applications in Signal Processing and Music Informatics, by Alexander Lerch, October 2012, Wiley-IEEE Press. ISBN: 978-1-118-26682-3, Hardcover, 272 pages, 503 references. List price $125.00......A critical review of the book: An Introduction to Audio Content Analysis: Applications in Signal Processing and Music Informatics, by Alexander Lerch, October 2012, Wiley-IEEE Press. ISBN: 978-1-118-26682-3, Hardcover, 272 pages, 503 references. List price $125.00...

  7. Infantile-onset Alexander disease: a genetically proven case with mild clinical course in a 6-year-old Indian boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramesh, Konanki; Sharma, Suvasini; Kumar, Atin; Salomons, Gajja S; van der Knaap, Marjo S; Gulati, Sheffali

    2013-03-01

    Alexander disease is an autosomal dominant leukoencephalopathy characterized by developmental delay, macrocephaly, and characteristic neuroimaging abnormalities predominantly involving frontal lobes. We report a 6-year-old Indian boy with infantile-onset Alexander disease, who has an unusually mild clinical course and a de novo p.Leu359Val mutation in the glial fibrillary acidic protein gene.

  8. Patients' views of receiving lessons in the Alexander technique and an exercise prescription for managing back pain in the ATEAM trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yardley, Lucy; Dennison, Laura; Coker, Rebecca; Webley, Frances; Middleton, Karen; Barnett, Jane; Beattie, Angela; Evans, Maggie; Smith, Peter; Little, Paul

    2010-04-01

    Lessons in the Alexander Technique and exercise prescription proved effective for managing low back pain in primary care in a clinical trial. To understand trial participants' expectations and experiences of the Alexander Technique and exercise prescription. A questionnaire assessing attitudes to the intervention, based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour, was completed at baseline and 3-month follow-up by 183 people assigned to lessons in the Alexander Technique and 176 people assigned to exercise prescription. Semi-structured interviews to assess the beliefs contributing to attitudes to the intervention were carried out at baseline with14 people assigned to the lessons in the Alexander Technique and 16 to exercise prescription, and at follow-up with 15 members of the baseline sample. Questionnaire responses indicated that attitudes to both interventions were positive at baseline but became more positive at follow-up only in those assigned to lessons in the Alexander Technique. Thematic analysis of the interviews suggested that at follow-up many patients who had learned the Alexander Technique felt they could manage back pain better. Whereas many obstacles to exercising were reported, few barriers to learning the Alexander Technique were described, since it 'made sense', could be practiced while carrying out everyday activities or relaxing, and the teachers provided personal advice and support. Using the Alexander Technique was viewed as effective by most patients. Acceptability may have been superior to exercise because of a convincing rationale and social support and a better perceived fit with the patient's particular symptoms and lifestyle.

  9. In Memory of Professor Mohammad Hossein Salehi 1941-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Bagheri

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Unfortunately, last winter, we lost one of the leaders of Radiotherpy-Oncology in Iran, Professor Mohammad Hossein Salehi. He was an excellent teacher, a supportive friend and an experienced physician.Professor Salehi was born on April 21, 1941 in Shirvan. After graduating from high school, he continued his education in Mashhad Medical School. In 1968 he completed Medical School and began the Residency Program of Radiology in Mashhad Medical School. Soon after, due to the lack of Radiotherapists in Mashhad and his eager to set up a Radiotherapy services in Mashhad, Dr. Salehi moved to England. He passed the Residency of Radiotherapy from 1972 to 1975 in the Royal Marsden Hospital, London and earned his Diploma in Medical Radiotherapy (D.M.R.T from the England Royal College and finished his fellowship ( F.R.C.R. After moving back to Iran in the same year and acquiring the Iranian National Board of Radiology, he started to work as Assistant Professor of Radiotherapy in Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran. He arranged and established the first Radiotherapy Department in Mashhad in 1976. He was the Head of Radiotherapy-Oncology Department from 1976 to 2006.He was appointed as Associate Professor and after Professor of Radiotherapy-Oncology in 1985 and 1993, respectively. Professor Salehi was an active member of the Iranian National Board of Radiotherapy for 30 years. He was awarded as” The Best Professor “for 3 times.Beside his valuable clinical and educational activities, he was interested in medical research. He has published more than 20 articles and supervised about 25 theses. After 40 years continuous activity, Professor Salehi was retired in 2010. Unfortunately Professor Salehi passed away on January 23, 2014 after a four-year battle with metastatic colon cancer. His strength, wisdom, guidance and kindness will be missed by all who knew him.

  10. Interview with Professor Karl-Heinz Mehlan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, H G

    1991-09-01

    Professor Karl-Heinz Mehlan, one of the founding fathers of German family planning in the post WWII area, celebrated his 75th birthday of July 18, 1991. The celebration took place in Rostock and Dr. Mehlan was in the best of health. As part of the occasion, Dr. Hans-Georg Neumann conducted an interview with Dr. Mehlan about the beginnings of family planning in what was then the Soviet occupied zone of Germany as well as its further development up to the present day. In the course of the interview Dr. Mehlan discussed the history of abortion in East Germany during the period of recovery immediately after WWII. He related his experiences working as a general practitioner in Calau and the committees he served on that were related to the study and delivery of abortion. During this time there were 80,000 recorded cases. After this he went to Berlin to the Institut fur Sozialmedizin der Chartie to write about the Calau experience. This was the 1st time that the abortion problem was discussed in German in a scientific context. He studied mortality, morbidity, and after effects.

  11. Editorial: A dedication to Professor Jan Evetts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Harald; Dew-Hughes, David; Campbell, Archie; Barber, Zoe; Somekh, Rob; Glowacki, Bartek

    2006-03-01

    A few days before the beginning of the 7th European Conference on Applied Superconductivity we learned that Professor Jan Evetts, a pioneer of superconductor research, a brilliant scientist, a wonderful person and a great personal friend, had passed away. We therefore decided to dedicate the 7th European Conference on Applied Superconductivity to the memory of Jan Evetts. The following citation is based on material provided by his former supervisor (D Dew-Hughes) and his closest co-workers in Cambridge. Professor Jan Edgar Evetts (1939-2005) Professor Jan Edgar Evetts (1939-2005) Jan Evetts passed away after losing his second battle with cancer on 24th August 2005. He made an outstanding series of contributions to the science of superconductivity and to the understanding of superconducting materials and was an indefatigable champion of the development of applications of superconductivity. The loss to the superconductivity community is incalculable, as attested by the many communications received from colleagues throughout the world. Jan was born on 31 March 1939, and attended the Dragon School in Oxford, and later Haileybury. He was awarded an exhibition to read Natural Sciences at Pembroke College, Cambridge. He entered the college in 1958 and took his BA degree in 1961. He then undertook a Certificate of Postgraduate Study in Physics under the supervision of Professor Neville Mott. He was the first student to undertake this newly-instituted course; the title of his thesis was `The Resistance of Transition Metals'. In 1962 he joined David Dew-Hughes' superconducting materials research group, along with Archie Campbell and Anant Narlikar. In fact it was Jan's enthusiasm for the proposed course of research that helped convince David that he should follow Professor Alan Cottrell's suggestion to apply metallurgical methodology to the study of the factors that controlled critical current density in the type II superconductors that were then under development for

  12. Professor M.K. Vainu Bappu (1927-82)

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, R. M.

    1982-12-01

    It was with great sadness that we received the news of the death, on 19 August 1982, of Professor M.K.V. Bappu, President of the International Astronomical Union and Director of the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, India. Professor Bappu was spending a few months with ESO in Munich, doing research within solar and stellar spectroscopy and at the same time preparing for the XVIIIth IAU General Assembly. A heart ailment necessitated a major surgical intervention, which was apparently successful. Howeyer, post-operative complications set in, and after a heroic struggle, assisted by the foremost medical expertise, Professor Bappu expired in the early evening of 19 August.

  13. Professor perceptions of college students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vance, Teresa Ann; Weyandt, Lisa

    2008-01-01

    From April to June 2005, the authors investigated professor perceptions of college students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). 253 participants completed the ADHD Beliefs Survey-Revised, a 40-question survey measuring professor perceptions of ADHD. Analysis of variance measured false and reasonable beliefs related to ADHD. Results indicated that professors with differing levels of education, years of teaching experience, colleges in the university or community college, previous experiences with a student with ADHD, and ADHD training did not differ significantly in perceptions regarding general ADHD knowledge or college students with ADHD.

  14. Special issue dedicated to Professor Johann M. Schepers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gideon P De Bruin

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available It is a great pleasure for me to have been associated with this special issue of the SA Journal of Industrial Psychology dedicated to Professor Johann M. Schepers. The purpose of the special issue is to honour Professor Schepers for his contributions to the development of Psychology and Industrial Psychology as empirical fields of study in South Africa. The contributors have worked with Professor Schepers as students or colleagues and share his academic interests. The articles reflect his areas of interest and employ analytic techniques taught and championed by him. We are grateful to Professor Schepers for his cooperation throughout this project. Thanks are due to all the contributors and referees.

  15. Three professors honored by Virginia Veterinary Medical Association

    OpenAIRE

    Douglas, Jeffrey S.

    2005-01-01

    The Virginia Veterinary Medical Association (VVMA) recently honored three professors from the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine (VMRCVM) during its annual meeting at the Hotel Roanoke.

  16. The Effect of Professor's Attractiveness On Distance Learning Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanny Liu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Technology enabled learning is becoming more popular and pervasive in education. While the effectiveness of distance learning versus traditional classroom education is strongly debated, human factors such as students’ perception of their professors can influence their desire to learn. This research examines the perceptual effect of attractive professors on business students enrolled in distance learning courses. This study expands on prior studies by testing whether the attractiveness of the professor matters to student learning within the context of online learning environment. A total of 122 online business students were surveyed. Our findings suggest that professor’s attractiveness has a statistically significant effect on student learning, motivation, and satisfaction. In addition, online students perceived attractive professors with more expertise as an instructor. Female students had higher motivation than male students. Furthermore, separate analysis indicated that attractiveness effects were stronger for participants over the age 46 when compared to other groups.

  17. Professor Nambu, string theory, and the moonshine phenomenon

    OpenAIRE

    Eguchi, Tohru

    2016-01-01

    I first recall the last occasion I met the late Professor Yoichiro Nambu, in a hospital in Osaka. I then present a brief introduction to a moonshine phenomenon in string theory that have recently come under investigation.

  18. DA Professor Honored for Teaching Excellence With Annual Hamming Award

    OpenAIRE

    Chagoya, Javier

    2017-01-01

    NPS Department of Defense Analysis Associate Professor Heather Gregg is the recipient of the 2017 Richard W. Hamming Annual Faculty Award for Achievement in Teaching, recognizing her exceptional work ... Read More

  19. INTRODUCTION: A TRIBUTE TO PROFESSOR MARJORIE L. GIRTH

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Armstead C Lewis

    2015-01-01

    ..., professional responsibility, and women's rights. Professor Girth joined the Buffalo Law School faculty in 1971 where she chaired the New York State Bar Association's Banking, Corporation and Business Law Section and was a member of the American Bar...

  20. Interview: Professor Andrew Feinberg speaks to Epigenomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinberg, Andrew

    2009-10-01

    Andrew Feinberg studied mathematics and humanities at Yale University (CT, USA) in the Directed Studies honors program, and he received his BA (1973) and MD (1976) from the accelerated medical program at Johns Hopkins University (MD, USA), as well as an MPH from Johns Hopkins (1981). He performed a postdoctoral fellowship in developmental biology at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD, CA, USA), clinical training in medicine and medical genetics at the University of Pennsylvania (PA, USA) and genetics research with Bert Vogelstein at Johns Hopkins, discovering altered DNA methylation in human cancer. Dr Feinberg continued to perform seminal work in cancer epigenetics as a Howard Hughes investigator at the University of Michigan (MI, USA), discovering human imprinted genes and loss of imprinting in cancer, and the molecular basis of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. He returned to John Hopkins in 1994 as King Fahd Professor of Medicine, Molecular Biology & Genetics and Oncology, and he holds an Adjunct Professorship at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden. Dr Feinberg is Director of the Center for Epigenetics, a National Human Genome Research Institute-designated Center of Excellence in Genome Sciences. The Center is pioneering genome-scale tools in molecular, statistical and epidemiological epigenetics, and is applying them to the study of cancer, neuropsychiatric disease and aging. As part of the center, Dr Feinberg has organized a highly innovative program to bring gifted minority high-school students into genetics and genomics. Dr Feinberg has also invented a number of widely used molecular tools, including random priming. His honors include election to the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the Association of American Physicians, the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, as well as membership on the ISI most-cited authors list, a MERIT Award of the National Cancer Institute, a

  1. University Pedagogy for Assistant Professors at Aalborg University (Part 1)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolmos, Anette; Krogh, Lone

    2003-01-01

    The article describes a course for assistant professors within the University Teacher Education at Aalborg University. The course focus is to develop knowledge, skills and methods from within the didactic, pedagogical, and learning theory-based fields.......The article describes a course for assistant professors within the University Teacher Education at Aalborg University. The course focus is to develop knowledge, skills and methods from within the didactic, pedagogical, and learning theory-based fields....

  2. Sex and Science: How Professor Gender Perpetuates the Gender Gap

    OpenAIRE

    Scott E. Carrell; Marianne E. Page; West, James E.

    2009-01-01

    Why aren't there more women in science? Female college students are currently 37 percent less likely than males to obtain a bachelor's degree in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM), and comprise only 25 percent of the STEM workforce. This paper begins to shed light on this issue by exploiting a unique dataset of college students who have been randomly assigned to professors over a wide variety of mandatory standardized courses. We focus on the role of professor gender. Our resul...

  3. Emotional exhaustion and burnout among medical professors; a nationwide survey

    OpenAIRE

    Joeri K Tijdink; Vergouwen, Anton CM; Yvo M Smulders

    2014-01-01

    Background Although job-related burnout and its core feature emotional exhaustion are common among medical professionals and compromise job satisfaction and professional performance, they have never been systematically studied in medical professors, who have central positions in academic medicine. Methods We performed an online nationwide survey inviting all 1206 medical professors in The Netherlands to participate. They were asked to fill out the Maslach Burnout Inventory, a ‘professional en...

  4. The Effect of Professor's Attractiveness On Distance Learning Students

    OpenAIRE

    Jeanny Liu; Stella D. Tomasi

    2015-01-01

    Technology enabled learning is becoming more popular and pervasive in education. While the effectiveness of distance learning versus traditional classroom education is strongly debated, human factors such as students’ perception of their professors can influence their desire to learn. This research examines the perceptual effect of attractive professors on business students enrolled in distance learning courses. This study expands on prior studies by testing whether the attractiveness of the ...

  5. Speciation despite globally overlapping distributions in Penicillium chrysogenum: the population genetics of Alexander Fleming’s lucky fungus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eighty years ago, Alexander Fleming described the antibiotic effects of a fungus that had contaminated his bacterial culture, kick starting the antimicrobial revolution. The fungus was later ascribed to a globally distributed asexual species, Penicillium chrysogenum. Recently, the species has been...

  6. Reminescência da Guerra Fria: Alexander Haig (02-12-1924 a 20-02-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virgílio Caixeta Arraes

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O artigo biografa o General Alexander Haig, figura de destaque na gestão de Richard Nixon e Ronald Reagan. Descreve a ambição do militar em ser ele mesmo Presidente dos Estados Unidos.

  7. Reminescência da Guerra Fria: Alexander Haig (02-12-1924 a 20-02-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virgílio Caixeta Arraes

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo biografa o General Alexander Haig, figura de destaque na gestão de Richard Nixon e Ronald Reagan. Descreve a ambição do militar em ser ele mesmo Presidente dos Estados Unidos.

  8. Brookhaven Lab physicists Edward Beebe and Alexander Pikin win 'Brightness Award' for achievement in ion source physics and technology

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Edward Beebe and Alexander Pikin, physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, have been awarded the Ion Source Prize, known as the "Brightness Award," which recognizes and encourages innovative and significant recent achievements in the fields of ion source physics and technology" (1 page).

  9. Alexander Claver, Dutch Commerce and Chinese Merchants in Java. Colonial Relationships in Trade and Finance, 1800-1942

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwee Hui Kian

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Alexander Claver, Dutch Commerce and Chinese Merchants in Java. Colonial Relationships in Trade and Finance, 1800-1942 (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 291; Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2014, xxiv + 442 pp., ISBN 978 90 04 25657 6.

  10. Exemplary Chinese University Professors: Qualities and Impact on Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugene P. Kim

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the qualities of Chinese university professors as perceived by their students and the effects of those qualities on student learning and motivation. Specifically, what qualities and personal characteristics do Chinese university students attribute to their favorite and least favorite professors, and how do those qualities and characteristics affect Chinese university students? Out of 280 students surveyed from three different universities, 226 surveys were completed, returned and included in the final analysis (response rate of 80.7%. The research found that Chinese students favored professors who are entertaining, who help them learn more and who provide them with helpful feedback on their assignments. Students disfavor professors who are boring, arrogant and do not provide helpful feedback or help them learn more. Linear regressions revealed a connection between high quality professors and student learning and motivation. Along with other studies, this research provides evidence that effective university professors are those who not only possess expertise in their fields, but in addition are engaging, student-focused and able to build rapport with their students.

  11. Effects of traumatic brain injury on reactive astrogliosis and seizures in mouse models of Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotrina, Maria Luisa; Chen, Michael; Han, Xiaoning; Iliff, Jeffrey; Ren, Zeguang; Sun, Wei; Hagemann, Tracy; Goldman, James; Messing, Albee; Nedergaard, Maiken

    2014-09-25

    Alexander disease (AxD) is the only known human pathology caused by mutations in an astrocyte-specific gene, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). These mutations result in abnormal GFAP accumulations that promote seizures, motor delays and, ultimately, death. The exact contribution of increased, abnormal levels of astrocytic mutant GFAP in the development and progression of the epileptic phenotype is not clear, and we addressed this question using two mouse models of AxD. Comparison of brain seizure activity spontaneously and after traumatic brain injury (TBI), an effective way to trigger seizures, revealed that abnormal GFAP accumulation contributes to anomalous brain activity (increased non-convulsive hyperactivity) but is not a risk factor for the development of epilepsy after TBI. These data highlight the need to further explore the complex and heterogeneous response of astrocytes towards injury and the involvement of GFAP in the progression of AxD. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Unusual presentations and intrafamilial phenotypic variability in infantile onset Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonduti, Davide; Ardissone, Anna; Ceccherini, Isabella; Giaccone, Giorgio; Farina, Laura; Moroni, Isabella

    2016-06-01

    Alexander disease is an hereditary leukodystrophy related to mutations of GFAP. Classically AxD was divided in infantile, juvenile, and adult subgroups. Recent data suggested considering only two subtypes: type I (infantile onset with lesions extending to the cerebral hemispheres); type II (adult onset with primary involvement of subtentorial structures). We report two related and one unrelated patients presenting with a peculiar association of clinical and neuroradiological features. GFAP analysis disclosed the presence of one novel and two previously reported mutations. Our patients underline the importance of considering AxD in patients with bulbar symptoms and autonomic dysfunction even if MRI shows only posterior fossa abnormalities, supporting the hypothesis of a third type of AxD sharing features of both type I and type II. The evidence of an intrafamilial phenotypic variability suggests the possible role of still unknown factors influencing the effect of GFAP mutation and determining the phenotype.

  13. Alexander Tomov (1930-2009: A Founder of the Astronomical Photoelectric Photometry in Bulgaria [In Bulgarian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Tomov

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the work of Dr. Alexander Tomov on establishment and equipment of the Astronomical Observatory of Belogradchik. Tomov’s research activity in that observatory is commented as well. The official opening of the observatory took place on July 21st, 1965. During the period 1966-1969 a monitoring program for determining the orbits of artificial satellites was successfully realized. Constructing a new building expanded later observatory. In mid-1969 the observatory was supplied by 60 cm reflector optical system ‘Cassegrain’, produced by Carl Zeiss in Germany; it was the biggest telescope in Bulgaria at that time. In the period 1970-1973 a modern single-channel photoelectric UBV photometer was constructed and put in operation. In 1976 the Belogradchik observatory joined with the Institute of Astronomy of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. In the second half of seventies and early eighties hundreds of galaxies were studied.

  14. Der Briefwechsel zwischen Karl Kreil und Alexander von Humboldt, ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Geschichte des Erdmagnetismus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Reich

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The correspondence between Alexander von Humboldt und Karl Kreil was voluminous, it concerned earth magnetism. But only one letter has survived. This letter was written by Kreil on September 3, 1836; one day later Kreil wrote a letter to Carl Friedrich Gauss with nearly the same contents, some sentences are even literally corresponding. Four letters from Kreil to Humboldt were published in the „Annalen der Physik und Chemie“. Some letters were mentioned in the biographical literature dealing with Kreil. These letters show, that the correspondence covered at least the period until 1851 and give information about the intensive relationship between the two scientists. A further interesting source is the library of Humboldt which unfortunately has not survived. The catalogue mentions nine works of Kreil some of them where annotated by Humboldt. This makes it plausible that the contacts even lasted until 1856. Zusammenfassung Die Korrespondenz zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und Karl Kreil war umfangreich und betraf den Erdmagnetismus. Aber heute ist nur noch ein einziger Brief im Original bekannt. Dieser Brief, den Kreil am 3. September 1836 Alexander von Humboldt zukommen ließ, stimmt inhaltlich und teilweise wortwörtlich mit dem Brief überein, den Kreil nur einen Tag später, am 4. September 1836, an Carl Friedrich Gauß schickte. Vier Briefe von Kreil an Humboldt wurden in den „Annalen der Physik und Chemie“ publiziert, eine nicht allzu große Anzahl weiterer Briefe an Humboldt wurde in der biographischen Literatur über Kreil und in Briefen Kreils an Koller und Gauß erwähnt. Aber nicht nur die lückenhafte und bruchstückhaft bekannte Korrespondenz zwischen Humboldt und Kreil, die bis 1851 reicht, gibt Aufschluss über die Beziehungen, sondern von besonderer Bedeutung ist des Weiteren der Bestand an Kreiliana in der Bibliothek Humboldts. Es handelt sich um neun Werke Kreils, das letzte aus dem Jahr 1856. Nachweisbare

  15. Comparative-historical method in Slavic linguistics and Alexander Vostokov’s philological intuitions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melkov Andrey Sergeevich

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the estimation of Alexander Vostokov’s (1781-1864 contribution to the formation and development of the Slavic philology as a scientific discipline. In the foundation of the research there is the analyses of Vostokov’s work “Judgement about the Slavic language”, which has become the result of the scientist’s study the oldest Russian manuscript “Ostromir Gospels”. Vostokov devised a new method for the Slavic philology, which is used to call comparative-historical in modern science. The scientist gave the beginning of Old Church Slavonic and Old Russian written monuments scientific researching. Thanks to Vostokov’s discoveries, there has been formed the basis of Russian comparative-historical linguistics.

  16. Finding revelation in anthropology: Alexander Winchell, William Robertson Smith and the heretical imperative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Livingstone, David N

    2015-09-01

    Anthropological inquiry has often been considered an agent of intellectual secularization. Not least is this so in the sphere of religion, where anthropological accounts have often been taken to represent the triumph of naturalism. This metanarrative, however, fails to recognize that naturalistic explanations could sometimes be espoused for religious purposes and in defence of confessional creeds. This essay examines two late nineteenth-century figures--Alexander Winchell in the United States and William Robertson Smith in Britain--who found in anthropological analysis resources to bolster rather than undermine faith. In both cases these individuals found themselves on the receiving end of ecclesiastical censure and were dismissed from their positions at church-governed institutions. But their motivation was to vindicate divine revelation, in Winchell's case from the physical anthropology of human origins and in Smith's from the cultural anthropology of Semitic ritual.

  17. Alexander Gordon, puerperal sepsis, and modern theories of infection control--Semmelweis in perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gould, Ian M

    2010-04-01

    Ignaz Semmelweis, a Hungarian doctor who practised in 19th century Vienna, is widely believed to be the father of modern infection control. He earned this accolade when he showed that puerperal sepsis was contagious and that it could be prevented with adequate hand hygiene. In fact, such ideas had circulated in the medical world for at least a century before Semmelweis' work. Moreover, it is well documented that Alexander Gordon, an obstetrician working in Aberdeen, UK, was the first to prove the contagious nature of puerperal sepsis. He also advocated the need for good hygiene for its prevention in a thesis published in 1795. This work described an epidemic of puerperal sepsis that began in Aberdeen in 1789. Gordon's thesis was reprinted three times in Edinburgh, Philadelphia, and London over the next 55 years, suggesting that Semmelweis (1847) could well have known of his work. Like Semmelweis, Gordon was persecuted for his findings. 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Neuromusicology or Musiconeurology? "Omni-art" in Alexander Scriabin as a Fount of Ideas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triarhou, Lazaros C

    2016-01-01

    Science can uncover neural mechanisms by looking at the work of artists. The ingenuity of a titan of classical music, the Russian composer Alexander Scriabin (1872-1915), in combining all the sensory modalities into a polyphony of aesthetical experience, and his creation of a chord based on fourths rather than the conventional thirds are proposed as putative points of departure for insight, in future studies, into the neural processes that underlie the perception of beauty, individually or universally. Scriabin's "Omni-art" was a new synthesis of music, philosophy and religion, and a new aesthetic language, a unification of music, vision, olfaction, drama, poetry, dance, image, and conceptualization, all governed by logic, in the quest for the integrative action of the human mind toward a "higher reality" of which music is only a component.

  19. Neuromusicology or Musiconeurology? “Omni-art” in Alexander Scriabin as a Fount of Ideas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triarhou, Lazaros C.

    2016-01-01

    Science can uncover neural mechanisms by looking at the work of artists. The ingenuity of a titan of classical music, the Russian composer Alexander Scriabin (1872–1915), in combining all the sensory modalities into a polyphony of aesthetical experience, and his creation of a chord based on fourths rather than the conventional thirds are proposed as putative points of departure for insight, in future studies, into the neural processes that underlie the perception of beauty, individually or universally. Scriabin’s “Omni-art” was a new synthesis of music, philosophy and religion, and a new aesthetic language, a unification of music, vision, olfaction, drama, poetry, dance, image, and conceptualization, all governed by logic, in the quest for the integrative action of the human mind toward a “higher reality” of which music is only a component. PMID:27014167

  20. Neuromusicology or musiconeurology? Omni-art in Alexander Scriabin as a fount of ideas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lazaros C. Triarhou

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Science can uncover neural mechanisms by looking at the work of artists. The ingenuity of a titan of classical music, the Russian composer Alexander Scriabin (1872–1915, in combining all the sensory modalities into a polyphony of aesthetical experience, and his creation of a chord based on fourths rather than the conventional thirds are proposed as putative points of departure for insight, in future studies, into the neural processes that underlie the perception of beauty, individually or universally. Scriabin’s Omni-art was a new synthesis of music, philosophy and religion, and a new aesthetic language, a unification of music, vision, olfaction, drama, poetry, dance, image and conceptualization, all governed by logic, in the quest for the integrative action of the human mind toward a higher reality of which music is only a component.

  1. [Clinical and genetic study of twelve Chinese patients with Alexander disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zang, Li-li; Wu, Ye; Wang, Jing-min; Gu, Qiang; Jiang, Yu-wu; Gao, Zhi-jie; Yang, Yan-ling; Xiao, Jiang-xi; Wu, Xi-ru

    2012-05-01

    To delineate the phenotype and genotype characteristics in 12 Chinese children with Alexander disease (AD), which is helpful for the molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling in China. Clinical diagnosis of AD was based on MRI criteria proposed by van der Knaarp in 2001. Included AD patients were followed up for 0.50 - 3.67 years. Mutations in GFAP were detected by DNA sequencing. The 12 cases of AD were clinically diagnosed. Age of first visit was 4.87 years (0.75 - 12.00 years), with 3 types of chief complaints: developmental delay in 3, recurrent seizures in 7, unable to walk after falling in 2. Average head circumference was 52.34 cm (44 - 58 cm), which larger than age-matched average by 6.45% (1.80% - 13.95%). On the first visit, scaling according to Gross motor functional classification system (GMFCS) was performed, with GMFCSI in 8, II in 3, V in 1. Mild to severe cognitive dysfunction were found in 8, and seizures in 11 cases. The 12 patients were followed up for 0.50 - 3.67 years, their motor and cognitive function remained stable. Episodic aggravations provoked by fever or falling were observed in 5 cases (41.67%). Heterozygous missense mutations of GFAP were detected in 12 patients. All mutations were de novo; 3 out of 10 mutations identified were novel. R79 and R239 were hot mutations, which was consistent with previous reports. Mutations were located in exon 1 in 8 cases. The phenotype in these patients is characterized by slower progression compared with reports from other population and high incidence of seizures. And episodic aggravations provoked by fever or falling were more common. The genotype characteristics are consistent with previous reports. The results of this research expanded the number of patients with Alexander disease found to have GFAP coding mutations in China.

  2. Screening for GFAP rearrangements in a cohort of Alexander disease and undetermined leukoencephalopathy patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Marie-Céleste; Dorboz, Imen; Rodriguez, Diana; Boespflug Tanguy, Odile

    2015-09-01

    Alexander disease (AxD), a fatal degenerative leukoencephalopathy, is caused by de novo heterozygous missense mutations in the Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP) gene. The pathological hallmark of the disease is the presence of Rosenthal fibers, cytoplasmic inclusions in astrocytes, composed mainly of GFAP, αB-crystallin and HSP27. To date, several patients with a typical presentation of the disease or displaying characteristic Rosenthal fibers in brain material have been reported with no GFAP mutation. Recently, several studies have demonstrated a correlation between Rosenthal fiber formation and wild-type GFAP overexpression, despite the absence of mutations. We tested the hypothesis that a GFAP gene rearrangement could modulate AxD severity or promote GFAP overexpression and aggregation, resulting in leukoencephalopathy. A QMPSF assay was validated for 11 exonic fragments: 3 in control genes (CFTR, DSCR1, F9) and 8 corresponding to GFAP exons. A total of 97 patients suspected of AxD were analyzed: 28 with a GFAP mutation; 69 with clinical and magnetic resonance imaging criteria compatible with the disease. Neither duplications nor deletions of GFAP were found, suggesting that GFAP coding-region rearrangements may not be involved in AxD or Alexander-related leukoencephalopathies. In addition, 80 patients with undetermined leukodystrophies, and negative for PLP1, GJA12, Sox10 and MCT8 mutations and PLP1 and Lamin B1 rearrangements, were tested. These patients were also negative for GFAP rearrangements. Other hypotheses should be investigated for a molecular diagnosis in patients with undetermined leukoencephalopathy: mutations in GFAP isoforms, splicing sites or regulatory regions, or defaults in genes encoding molecular partners of GFAP. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. The Alexander Technique and musicians: a systematic review of controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Sabine D; Bayard, Claudine; Wolf, Ursula

    2014-10-24

    Musculoskeletal disorders, stress and performance anxiety are common in musicians. Therefore, some use the Alexander Technique (AT), a psycho-physical method that helps to release unnecessary muscle tension and re-educates non-beneficial movement patterns through intentional inhibition of unwanted habitual behaviours. According to a recent review AT sessions may be effective for chronic back pain. This review aimed to evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of AT sessions on musicians' performance, anxiety, respiratory function and posture. The following electronic databases were searched up to February 2014 for relevant publications: PUBMED, Google Scholar, CINAHL, EMBASE, AMED, PsycINFO and RILM. The search criteria were "Alexander Technique" AND "music*". References were searched, and experts and societies of AT or musicians' medicine contacted for further publications. 237 citations were assessed. 12 studies were included for further analysis, 5 of which were randomised controlled trials (RCTs), 5 controlled but not randomised (CTs), and 2 mixed methods studies. Main outcome measures in RCTs and CTs were music performance, respiratory function, performance anxiety, body use and posture. Music performance was judged by external experts and found to be improved by AT in 1 of 3 RCTs; in 1 RCT comparing neurofeedback (NF) to AT, only NF caused improvements. Respiratory function was investigated in 2 RCTs, but not improved by AT training. Performance anxiety was mostly assessed by questionnaires and decreased by AT in 2 of 2 RCTs and in 2 of 2 CTs. A variety of outcome measures has been used to investigate the effectiveness of AT sessions in musicians. Evidence from RCTs and CTs suggests that AT sessions may improve performance anxiety in musicians. Effects on music performance, respiratory function and posture yet remain inconclusive. Future trials with well-established study designs are warranted to further and more reliably explore the potential of AT in the

  4. Forecasting the Student-Professor Matches That Result in Unusually Effective Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Jennifer; Lakey, Brian; Lucas, Jessica L.; LaCross, Ryan; Plotkowski, Andrea R.; Winegard, Bo

    2015-01-01

    Background: Two important influences on students' evaluations of teaching are relationship and professor effects. Relationship effects reflect unique matches between students and professors such that some professors are unusually effective for some students, but not for others. Professor effects reflect inter-rater agreement that some professors…

  5. Participating in and delivering the ATEAM trial (Alexander technique lessons, exercise, and massage) interventions for chronic back pain: A qualitative study of professional perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beattie, Angela; Shaw, Alison; Yardley, Lucy; Little, Paul; Sharp, Debbie

    2010-01-01

    To outline professionals' experiences of participation, perceived benefits and acceptability of the interventions delivered in the ATEAM trial (Alexander technique lessons, exercise, and massage), for patients with chronic or recurrent back pain. Qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted with a purposeful sample of twenty professionals (general practitioners (GPs), nurses, Alexander technique teachers, and massage therapists). Data were recorded, transcribed, and analysed thematically using the constant comparison method. Evidence of effectiveness GPs wanted an evidence base for the interventions, whilst nurses, Alexander technique teachers and massage therapists perceived patient reports of benefit as evidence. Professionals' perception of the acceptability of the intervention: professional perspectives differed, with GPs and nurses viewing the structured nature of exercise prescription and Alexander technique lessons as more beneficial and acceptable than massage in alleviating patients' back pain. Economic cost: the cost to patients pursuing Alexander technique lessons and massage was perceived to be a barrier outside the trial. Inter-professional communication: there was little communication between the professionals groups within the trial. Valuable insights have been gained into the perceived benefits and acceptability of exercise, Alexander technique lessons and massage as interventions for chronic back pain. Lessons in the Alexander technique with or without exercise, was perceived as more beneficial and acceptable than massage by professionals who participated and delivered the ATEAM trial interventions. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Dedication to Professor Hannspeter Winter (1941 2006): Dedication to Professor Hannspeter Winter (1941 2006)

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCullough, Bob

    2007-03-01

    Professor H Winter. It was with great sadness that we learnt of the death of colleague and friend Professor Hannspeter Winter in Vienna on the 8 November 2006. In memory of him and the contribution he made both to our conference and to the field of the physics of highly charged ions we dedicate these proceedings. Hannspeter was one of our distinguished invited speakers at HCI2006 and gave a talk on the status of the ITER programme. His invited paper on the subject is included in these proceedings. Hannspeter will be particularly remembered for his pioneering work on ion-surface interactions that, together with his colleagues at the Vienna University of Technology (TUW), has stimulated a worldwide experimental and theoretical interest in this field. He was appointed Director of the Institut fuer Allgemeine Physik at TUW in 1987 and using both his scientific and management skills has made it one of the leading university physics laboratories in the world. His research publications, of which there are 270, have inspired many others to work in the field of atomic and plasma physics. He was also a great European playing a major role in the EURATOM fusion programme, the European Physical Society and the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics and was an evaluator and advisory board member for many national and international institutions. Hannspeter was also an interesting and friendly social companion with interests in current affairs, music and fine wines and will be greatly missed both on a scientific and social level. Our condolences go to his wife Renate, son Dorian and his relatives. R W McCullough Co-chair HCI2006

  7. Professor-psicopedagogo: o que este profissional faz na escola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Andrea Pottker

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar o porquê da presença do professor-psicopedagogo nas escolas e qual a função que este desempenha dentro delas, bem como, suas implicações no processo ensino-aprendizagem. Para tanto, foram entrevistados dez professores-psicopedagogos, pertencentes a cinco escolas localizadas no Estado do Paraná. Os resultados apontaram que o cargo de professor-psicopedagogo foi ocupado por professores que tinham o título de especialista em Psicopedagogia, os quais passaram a realizar avaliações psicopedagógicas dos alunos com dificuldades de aprendizagem. Segundo a maioria desses profissionais, uma de suas funções constitui-se em auxiliar o professor que apresenta em sala de aula alunos com dificuldades de aprendizagem, assim como tentar compreender o porquê de estes alunos não estarem aprendendo, sobretudo, ajudá-los na reversão desta problemática. Concluímos que a atuação deste profissional nestas escolas pouco tem contribuído para resolução das dificuldades de aprendizagem, pois centram-se no indivíduo e não no processo ensino-aprendizagem.

  8. “In the hour of trial”: the spiritual life and socio-political issues in sermons Archimandrite Alexander (Lovchiy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murzin Evgenii

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the study of the Orthodox segment of the religious and social thought in Germany during the Third Reich. The basis of the research were «Sunday flyers» — sermons compiled in the period of 1941–1945 by the prior of the st. Nicholas church in Munich, archimandrite Alexander (Lovchiy, one of the most prominent figures of Russian Orthodoxy. The article shows what the current issues the preacher cared about, demonstrates the specificity of his perception of the events. The author explores such themes as USSR and the Russian Orthodox Church, Christianity and national socialism, Russian emigration and its historic mission, science and religion, etc. Reflecting about the fate of Russia, Archimandrite Alexander appreciate happenings in the USSR as the punishment of God for anti-Church policy of the Bolsheviks. Нe compares Godless Soviet Russia and Russian Empire and dreams about its revival. He believes that the revival of the Empire is the duty of the Russian emigration. Simultaneously with the rejection of Communist ideology, Alexander criticizes and national-socialism and accuses its followers of trying to rehabilitate the paganism, hatred and cruelty. The preacher contrasts the ideas of racial superiority the gospel love, compassion and mercy, which constitute the moral basis of European civilization and guarantee its further development. He calls for the conviction of the authorities in cases when their actions are contrary to gospel principles. The article traces a parallel between denunciatory sermons rev. Alexander and leaflets, distributed in Bavaria by members of anti-fascist youth organization «White rose». Denunciatory sermons and leaflets have not only similar content. They also belong to the same period of time (The autumn of 1942. Based on the analysis of the content of leaflets and sermons, as well as specific historical circumstances, the autor suggestes that the relationship between

  9. PROFESSOR DR. ION PIŞOTA (1925 – 2008

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    Liliana ZAHARIA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Professor Ion Pişota was born on June 6, 1925, in Hrupiştea, a small settlement in Greek Macedonia, from where he and his family came to Romania in 1927, where he got Romanian citizenship. Between 1941 and 1945, he attended the Tulcea Boys High School and later on, in 1947 he entered the Faculty of Geology – Geography at the University of Bucharest, where he continued to excel until 1951, when he graduated. In the fall of 1950, he took up a tutor position in the field of Hydrolgy at the same faculty passing subsequently through all the stages of academic hierarchy until he became, in 1971, a University Professor. Even after he retired, in 1996, he continued his academic activity as a consultant professor within the same department and faculty that he served with passion and devotion for more than 50 years.

  10. Categorization of Quantum Mechanics Problems by Professors and Students

    CERN Document Server

    Lin, Shih-Yin

    2016-01-01

    We discuss the categorization of 20 quantum mechanics problems by physics professors and undergraduate students from two honors-level quantum mechanics courses. Professors and students were asked to categorize the problems based upon similarity of solution. We also had individual discussions with professors who categorized the problems. Faculty members' categorizations were overall rated higher than those of students by three faculty members who evaluated all of the categorizations. The categories created by faculty members were more diverse compared to the categories they created for a set of introductory mechanics problems. Some faculty members noted that the categorization of introductory physics problems often involves identifying fundamental principles relevant for the problem, whereas in upper-level undergraduate quantum mechanics problems, it mainly involves identifying concepts and procedures required to solve the problem. Moreover, physics faculty members who evaluated others' categorizations express...

  11. Faculty Agency in Applying for Promotion to Professor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan K. Gardner

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Aim/Purpose: In the United States, faculty who wish to pursue promotion to the rank of professor do so without clear guidance or structure. Even the timing of such a process is nebulous. As such, an individual engages in agentic action to pursue the rank. Background: This study examined the experiences of faculty members who chose to pursue the application process to be promoted to professor but were rejected or dissuaded. Methodology: Utilizing a case study of one institutional setting, we conducted 10 in-depth qualitative interviews. Contribution: Very little is known about the process of promotion to full professor in the U.S. and even less empirical research exists. This study advances knowledge of the process and the experiences of those undertaking it. Findings: We learned that cues from the social context greatly influenced these faculty members’ sense of agency.

  12. [Professor Frantisek Por MD and Professor Robert Klopstock MD, students at Budapest and Prague Faculties of Medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mydlík, M; Derzsiová, K

    2010-11-01

    Professor Frantisek Por MD and Professor Robert Klopstock MD were contemporaries, both born in 1899, one in Zvolen, the other in Dombovar, at the time of Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. Prof. Por attended the Faculty of Medicine in Budapest from 1918 to 1920, and Prof. Klopstock studied at the same place between 1917 and 1919. From 1920 until graduation on 6th February 1926, Prof. Por continued his studies at the German Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague. Prof. Klopstock had to interrupt his studies in Budapest due to pulmonary tuberculosis; he received treatment at Tatranske Matliare where he befriended Franz Kafka. Later, upon Kafka's encouragement, he changed institutions and continued his studies at the German Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, where he graduated the first great go. It is very likely that, during their studies in Budapest and Prague, both professors met repeatedly, even though their life paths later separated. Following his graduation, Prof. Por practiced as an internist in Prague, later in Slovakia, and from 1945 in Kosice. In 1961, he was awarded the title of university professor of internal medicine at the Faculty of Medicine, Pavol Jozef Safarik University in Kosice, where he practiced until his death in 1980. Prof. Klopstock continued his studies in Kiel and Berlin. After his graduation in 1933, he practiced in Berlin as a surgeon and in 1938 left for USA. In 1962, he was awarded the title of university professor of pulmonary surgery in NewYork, where he died in 1972.

  13. Berglinien im Vergleich. Bemerkungen zu einem klimageografischen Diagramm Alexander von Humboldts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgit Schneider

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Der Artikel analysiert aus bildwissenschaftlicher und historischer Perspektive die unveröffentlichte Skizze zu einem Bergdiagramm aus dem handschriftlichen Nachlass Alexander von Humboldts. Das mehrfach beklebte Skizzenblatt stand im Zentrum klimageografischer Fragestellungen nach den Gründen für die weltweit unterschiedlich hohen Schneegrenzen in Gebirgen. Aufgrund des unfertigen, skizzenhaften Charakters des Diagramms lassen sich Fragen über den Forschungskontext des Diagramms, den epistemischen Stellenwert zeichnerischer Praktiken sowie über die heuristische Rolle der Berge und ihrer charakteristischen Profillinien in Humboldts Forschungen stellen. Gezeigt wird, wie das visuelle Denken und das Interesse Humboldts an neuen grafischen Methoden zu einer wichtigen Bedingung wurden, um die holistische Synopsis der Welt als ökologisches System erforschen und darstellen zu können. Abstract The article analyses from a visual studies and historical perspective the unpublished sketch of a mountain profile found among the handwritten papers of Alexander von Humboldt’s estate. The small sheet of sketches, with its pasted additions, was at the heart of climatic-geographic academic enquiry into the reasons for worldwide differences in the levels of mountain snow lines. The unfinished, sketchy nature of the diagramme raises questions about its research context, about the epistemic value of draughtsmanship practice and about the heuristic role of mountains and their characteristic profiles in Humboldt’s research. It becomes evident how Humboldt’s visual logic and his interest in new forms of graphics became important factors in investigation and depiction of the world as an ecological system. Resumen En el artículo se analizan los bocetos sin publicar de perspectivas históricas y de la ciencia de la imagen del diagrama montañoso de las obras póstumas escritas a mano de Alexander von Humboldt. La hoja de bocetos pegada de

  14. [Baltisches Welterlebnis. Die kulturgeschichtliche Bedeutung von Alexander, Eduard und Hermann Graf Keyserling. Beiträge eines internationalen Symposium in Tartu vom 19. bis 21. September 2003

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garleff, Michael, 1940-

    2011-01-01

    Baltisches Welterlebnis. Die kulturgeschichtliche Bedeutung von Alexander, Eduard und Hermann Graf Keyserling. Beiträge eines internationalen Symposium in Tartu vom 19. bis 21. September 2003. Heidelberg : Universitätsverlag Winter, 2007

  15. Aspectos gerais da formação de professores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson do Carmo Inforsato

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo, ancorado em estudos recentes e antigos, mostra o afastamento dos cursos de formação de professores em relação aos elementos que compõem a prática profissional docente. Favorável a uma aproximação efetiva com o contexto das práticas de sala de aula, o autor defende a idéia de uma formação de professores atrelada aos problemas e necessidades da prática docente no ensino formal de 1º e 2º graus.

  16. O papel do formador no processo reflexivo de professores

    OpenAIRE

    Altarugio Helena, M.

    2009-01-01

    Este trabalho pretende discutir as práticas e os discursos de uma formadora de professores de ciências, experiente e bem sucedida na formação inicial e continuada. Nossa hipótese é a de que, além dos conhecimentos e das técnicas, é na relação intersubjetiva construída entre a formadora e o grupo de professores, que se encontram os elementos que irão sustentar o processo de formação docente. A partir do modo singular da formadora de enfrentar sua tarefa educativa e lidar com as dificuldades do...

  17. Preditores da Síndrome de Burnout em professores

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    Mary Sandra Carlotto

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar os preditores da Síndrome de Burnout em 563 professores de instituições educacionais particulares da região metropolitana de Porto Alegre - RS. Foram utilizados um questionário elaborado para levantamento de variáveis demográficas e profissionais, o Maslach Burnout Inventory, o Job Diagnostic Survey e o Questionário de Satisfação no Trabalho S20/23. Os resultados evidenciam que variáveis relacionadas ao contexto laboral predominam no modelo explicativo de Burnout em professores em ambos os grupos.

  18. Apoio social e fatores associados com a disfonia em professores

    OpenAIRE

    Ceballos,Albanita Gomes da Costa de

    2009-01-01

    p. 1-68 Fatores relacionados com o ambiente e a organização do trabalho, além de fatores próprios do sujeito têm se mostrado associados ao adoecimento vocal de professores. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar os fatores associados a disfonia nesta categoria profissional e investigar a contribuição do apoio social no processo de adoecimento vocal de professores. Foram pesquisados 476 docentes de escolas municipais de quatro regionais de educação da cidade de Salvador – Bahia. A coleta de d...

  19. Exploring the psychological processes underlying touch: lessons from the Alexander Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, T; Glover, L

    2014-01-01

    The experience of touch is significant; both in its positive implications and in how it attracts caution and controversy. Accordingly, physical contact within psychological therapy has been shown to improve well-being and the therapeutic relationship, yet the majority of therapists never or rarely use touch. This research aimed to explore psychological processes underlying touch through the Alexander Technique, a psycho-physical technique taught one to one using touch. Six individuals who had received the Alexander Technique were interviewed, and 111 completed surveys. Interview data suggested an incompatibility between touch and the spoken word, which was understood through the way touch lacks verbal discourses in our society. The largely simplistic and dichotomous verbal understanding we have (either only very positive or very negative) could help understand some of the societal-level caution surrounding touch. Touch was seen also as a nurturing experience by interviewees, which influenced inter-personal and intra-personal relational processes. Developmental models were used to frame the way touch strengthened the pupil-teacher relationship and the way pupils' intra-personal psychological change seemed linked to this relational experience. The surveys largely supported these findings, and discussion is made around the notable way pupils negatively interpreted the intention of the survey. Implications for the use of touch in psychological therapies are discussed, as are limitations and ideas for future research. Touch is a powerful experience, and physical contact within psychological therapy has been shown to improve well-being and the therapeutic relationship, yet the majority of therapists never or rarely use touch. The AT is an alternative therapeutic approach to psycho-physical well-being that offers an interesting model to study the impact of touch. Findings from those that have used the technique reaffirmed that touch can improve well-being and can be a

  20. Unterwegs zum Weltbewußtsein. Alexander von Humboldts Wissenschaftsverständnis und die Entstehung einer ethisch fundierten Weltanschauung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and Spanish. Towards Global Consciousness. Alexander von Humboldt's Conception of Science and the emerging ethical Weltanschauung. In the context of recent reflections upon global ethics (Hans Küng, global democracy (Otfried Höffe and a new cultural situation after the end of the Cold War (Clifford Geertz, Alexander von Humboldt's concept of global consciousness (Weltbewußtsein marks a decisive point in the ungoing process of the construction of a new ethics of globalization. This article tries to show how Humboldt's transdisciplinary and intercultural conception of sience as WorldWideWeb integrates Kant's philosophical visions of global political institutions and formulates a critique of the non-empirical foundations of Hegel's teleological Weltanschauung. From his Visions of Nature and his Personal Narrative to his Cosmos, Humboldt's theory and practice of science help us to find a new ethos and new answers to the contemporary questions of divergent modernities.

  1. Kohti vapaampaa äänenkäyttöä : Alexander-tekniikka laulajan apuvälineenä

    OpenAIRE

    Kunnaala, Sini

    2017-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö on kaksiosainen. A-osa käsittää opinnäytekonsertin Tyyni on ilta jääpuvussaan. Konsertti taltioitiin Maarian kirkossa 15.12.2016. B-osa opinnäytetyöstä on kirjallinen työ. Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoitus on esittää Alexander-tekniikan ajatuksia laulajan apuvälineenä. Työssä esitellään sellaisia Alexander-tekniikan käsitteitä, jotka kirjoittaja on kokenut merkityksellisinä omassa oppimisprosessissaan. Työn soveltavassa osiossa kuvataan kirjoittajan omia oppimiskokemuksia Al...

  2. Rahne Alexander: Out in the Redwoods, Documenting Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender History at the University of California, Santa Cruz, 1965-2003

    OpenAIRE

    Reti, Irene H.; Colliau, Erin

    2004-01-01

    Rahne Alexander was interviewed on February 11, 2002 and February 25, 2002 in Santa Cruz, California. Erin is a theorist and activist dedicated to transgender, feminist, anti-racist and anti-classist issues, and a personal friend of Rahne Alexander's. Rahne has been a student, activist, and workshop leader at UCSC and in Santa Cruz since the mid- to late-1990s. She is a tranny femme, MTF [Male to Female] activist.

  3. Knowledge about Students in the USA: 30 Years of Educational Research. An Interview with Alexander W. Astin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliézer de los Santos Valadez

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available In this interview, Doctor Alexander Astin retraces the work he has done in the last 30 years. He explains about the relevance of getting to know higher education students, since being acquainted with their school trajectory inside and outside campus, is fundamental to institutional decision-making. Doctor Astin also states the importance of evaluating an institution's quality by investigating the students' learning.

  4. Jade aus Amerika und weitere Grünsteinobjekte von Alexander von Humboldt aus dem Berliner Mineralienkabinett

    OpenAIRE

    Renate Nöller

    2009-01-01

    Alexander von Humboldt schickte aus Amerika Mineralproben, die nicht nur von naturwissenschaftlichem oder wirtschaftlichem Interesse waren. Vor allem grünes Steinmaterial, sogenannte Jade, war in Mesoamerika kulturell sehr bedeutsam und weit verbreitet, so daß sich aus diesem Rohstoff in der Sammlung auch bearbeitete Stücke vorfinden. Sie erlangten in Europa unterschiedliche Aufmerksamkeit. Die Jadeaxt und die Sonnenscheibe - beide im zweiten Weltkrieg verloren gegangen, hatten als “Humboldt-...

  5. Future population trends and drivers of change for Alexander Archipelago wolves on and near Prince of Wales Island, Alaska

    OpenAIRE

    Gilbert, Sophie L.; Haynes, Trevor; Lindberg, Mark S.; Albert, David; Kissling, Michelle; David K. Person

    2016-01-01

    Background. The Alexander Archipelago wolf, inhabiting the coastal temperate rainforest of North America, was recently evaluated for protection under the U.S. Endangered Species Act, but ultimately was not listed. Stressors thought to be impacting the population include about habitat alteration from industrial timber harvest and subsequent declines in prey (deer), increased human-caused mortality, and climate change. Methods. To evaluate how these factors likely will affect future abundance o...

  6. [Is the psyche antiquated? A typology of psychotherapeutic critique of civilization in the works of Alexander Mitscherlich].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roelcke, V

    1995-08-01

    In the oeuvre of the psychotherapist Alexander Mitscherlich, one of the founding-fathers of psychosomatic medicine in post-war Germany, three basic types of critique of civilization can be identified. They each imply a specific conception of the relation between modernity and psychological disorder. Mitscherlich's ideas on the topic have evolved in a manner consistent with his appropriation of psychoanalysis and his confrontation with the causes and consequences of human behaviour during the time of national socialism.

  7. In memoriam: Alexander Ivanovskii, innovative researcher and science manager in computational materials science of advanced inorganic materials

    OpenAIRE

    BANNIKOV V.V.; DENISOVA T.A.; ENYASHIN A.N.; MEDVEDEVA N.I.; SHEIN I.R.; SUETIN D.V.; ZHUKOV V.P.; KUZNETSOV M.V.

    2014-01-01

    The paper is written to pay a tribute to Prof. Alexander Leonidovich Ivanovskii, Head of the Quantum Chemistry and Spectroscopy Laboratory at the Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), and is devoted to recalling the most signi cant landmarks in his scienti c career. A broad-minded man of great erudition, A. L. Ivanovskii made invaluable contributions in the eld of computational materials science | a new eld of research covering computational...

  8. GFAP mutations, age at onset, and clinical subtypes in Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prust, M; Wang, J; Morizono, H; Messing, A; Brenner, M; Gordon, E; Hartka, T; Sokohl, A; Schiffmann, R; Gordish-Dressman, H; Albin, R; Amartino, H; Brockman, K; Dinopoulos, A; Dotti, M T; Fain, D; Fernandez, R; Ferreira, J; Fleming, J; Gill, D; Griebel, M; Heilstedt, H; Kaplan, P; Lewis, D; Nakagawa, M; Pedersen, R; Reddy, A; Sawaishi, Y; Schneider, M; Sherr, E; Takiyama, Y; Wakabayashi, K; Gorospe, J R; Vanderver, A

    2011-09-27

    To characterize Alexander disease (AxD) phenotypes and determine correlations with age at onset (AAO) and genetic mutation. AxD is an astrogliopathy usually characterized on MRI by leukodystrophy and caused by glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) mutations. We present 30 new cases of AxD and reviewed 185 previously reported cases. We conducted Wilcoxon rank sum tests to identify variables scaling with AAO, survival analysis to identify predictors of mortality, and χ(2) tests to assess the effects of common GFAP mutations. Finally, we performed latent class analysis (LCA) to statistically define AxD subtypes. LCA identified 2 classes of AxD. Type I is characterized by early onset, seizures, macrocephaly, motor delay, encephalopathy, failure to thrive, paroxysmal deterioration, and typical MRI features. Type II is characterized by later onset, autonomic dysfunction, ocular movement abnormalities, bulbar symptoms, and atypical MRI features. Survival analysis predicted a nearly 2-fold increase in mortality among patients with type I AxD relative to those with type II. R79 and R239 GFAP mutations were most common (16.6% and 20.3% of all cases, respectively). These common mutations predicted distinct clinical outcomes, with R239 predicting the most aggressive course. AAO and the GFAP mutation site are important clinical predictors in AxD, with clear correlations to defined patterns of phenotypic expression. We propose revised AxD subtypes, type I and type II, based on analysis of statistically defined patient groups.

  9. Speciation despite globally overlapping distributions in Penicillium chrysogenum: the population genetics of Alexander Fleming's lucky fungus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henk, D A; Eagle, C E; Brown, K; Van Den Berg, M A; Dyer, P S; Peterson, S W; Fisher, M C

    2011-10-01

    Eighty years ago, Alexander Fleming described the antibiotic effects of a fungus that had contaminated his bacterial culture, kick starting the antimicrobial revolution. The fungus was later ascribed to a putatively globally distributed asexual species, Penicillium chrysogenum. Recently, the species has been shown to be genetically diverse, and possess mating-type genes. Here, phylogenetic and population genetic analyses show that this apparently ubiquitous fungus is actually composed of at least two genetically distinct species with only slight differences detected in physiology. We found each species in air and dust samples collected in and around St Mary's Hospital where Fleming worked. Genotyping of 30 markers across the genome showed that preserved fungal material from Fleming's laboratory was nearly identical to derived strains currently in culture collections and in the same distinct species as a wild progenitor strain of current penicillin producing industrial strains rather than the type species P. chrysogenum. Global samples of the two most common species were found to possess mating-type genes in a near 1:1 ratio, and show evidence of recombination with little geographic population subdivision evident. However, no hybridization was detected between the species despite an estimated time of divergence of less than 1MYA. Growth studies showed significant interspecific inhibition by P. chrysogenum of the other common species, suggesting that competition may facilitate species maintenance despite globally overlapping distributions. Results highlight under-recognized diversity even among the best-known fungal groups and the potential for speciation despite overlapping distribution. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  10. Quantitative Evaluation of Brain Stem Atrophy Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Adult Patients with Alexander Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Tomokatsu; Yasuda, Rei; Mizuta, Ikuko; Nakagawa, Masanori; Mizuno, Toshiki

    2017-01-01

    Brain MRI in adult patients with Alexander disease (AxD) mainly shows atrophy in the medulla oblongata. However, currently there is no quantitative standard for assessing this atrophy. In this study, we quantitatively evaluated the brain stem of AxD patients with glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) mutation using conventional MRI to evaluate its usefulness as an aid to diagnosing AxD in daily clinical practice. Nineteen AxD patients with GFAP mutation were compared with 14 patients negative for GFAP mutation in whom AxD was suspected due to "atrophy of the medulla oblongata." In the GFAP mutation-positive group, the sagittal diameter of the medulla oblongata, the ratio of the diameter of the medulla oblongata to that of the midbrain (MO/MB), and the ratio of the sagittal diameter of the medulla oblongata to that of the pons (MO/Po) were significantly smaller compared to those of the GFAP mutation-negative group (p < 0.01). The sensitivity and specificity of each parameter were 87.5 and 92.3%, 91.7 and 81.3%, and 88.2 and 100% with a sagittal diameter of the medulla oblongata <9.0 mm, MO/MB <0.60, and sagittal MO/Po <0.46, respectively. These parameters can provide very useful information to differentially diagnose AxD from other disorders associated with brain stem atrophy in adult patients. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  11. Composition of Rosenthal Fibers, the Protein Aggregate Hallmark of Alexander Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heaven, Michael R; Flint, Daniel; Randall, Shan M; Sosunov, Alexander A; Wilson, Landon; Barnes, Stephen; Goldman, James E; Muddiman, David C; Brenner, Michael

    2016-07-01

    Alexander disease (AxD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by astrocytic protein aggregates called Rosenthal fibers (RFs). We used mouse models of AxD to determine the protein composition of RFs to obtain information about disease mechanisms including the hypothesis that sequestration of proteins in RFs contributes to disease. A method was developed for RF enrichment, and analysis of the resulting fraction using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation mass spectrometry identified 77 proteins not previously associated with RFs. Three of five proteins selected for follow-up were confirmed enriched in the RF fraction by immunobloting of both the AxD mouse models and human patients: receptor for activated protein C kinase 1 (RACK1), G1/S-specific cyclin D2, and ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX3X. Immunohistochemistry validated cyclin D2 as a new RF component, but results for RACK1 and DDX3X were equivocal. None of these was decreased in the non-RF fractions compared to controls. A similar result was obtained for the previously known RF component, alphaB-crystallin, which had been a candidate for sequestration. Thus, no support was obtained for the sequestration hypothesis for AxD. Providing possible insight into disease progression, the association of several of the RF proteins with stress granules suggests a role for stress granules in the origin of RFs.

  12. Atypical MRI features in familial adult onset Alexander disease: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yonghong; Zhou, Heng; Wang, Huabing; Gong, Xiaoqing; Zhou, Anna; Zhao, Lin; Li, Xindi; Zhang, Xinghu

    2016-11-04

    Alexander disease (AxD) is a rare neurological disease, especially in adults. It shows variable clinical and radiological features. We diagnosed a female with AxD presenting with paroxysmal numbness of the limbs at the onset age of 28-year-old, progressing gradually to spastic paraparesis at age 30. One year later, she had ataxia, bulbar paralysis, bowel and bladder urgency. Her mother had a similar neurological symptoms and died within 2 years after onset (at the age of 47), and her maternal aunt also had similar but mild symptoms at the onset age of 54-year-old. Her brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed abnormal signals in periventricular white matter with severe atrophy in the medulla oblongata and thoracic spinal cord, and mild atrophy in cervical spinal cord, which is unusual in the adult form of AxD. She and her daughter's glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene analysis revealed the same heterozygous missense mutation, c.1246C > T, p.R416W, despite of no neurological symptoms in her daughter. Our case report enriches the understanding of the familial adult AxD. Genetic analysis is necessary when patients have the above mentioned symptoms and signs, MRI findings, especially with family history.

  13. GFAP expression as an indicator of disease severity in mouse models of Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jany, Paige L; Hagemann, Tracy L; Messing, Albee

    2013-01-01

    AxD (Alexander disease) is a rare disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in GFAP (glial fibrillary acidic protein) resulting in accumulation of the GFAP protein and elevation of Gfap mRNA. To test whether GFAP itself can serve as a biomarker of disease status or progression, we investigated two independent measures of GFAP expression in AxD mouse models, one using a genetic reporter of promoter activity and the other quantifying GFAP protein directly in a manner that could also be employed in human studies. Using a transgenic reporter line that expresses firefly luciferase under the control of the murine Gfap promoter (Gfap-luc), we found that luciferase activity reflected the regional CNS (central nervous system) variability of Gfap mRNA in Gfap(+/+) mice, and increased in mice containing a point mutation in Gfap that mimics a common human mutation in AxD (R239H in the human sequence, and R236H in the murine sequence). In a second set of studies, we quantified GFAP protein in CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) taken from three different AxD mouse models and littermate controls. GFAP levels in CSF were increased in all three AxD models, in a manner corresponding to the concentrations of GFAP in brain. These studies demonstrate that transactivation of the Gfap promoter is an early and sustained indicator of the disease process in the mouse. Furthermore, GFAP in CSF serves as a potential biomarker that is comparable between mouse models and human patients.

  14. Synemin is expressed in reactive astrocytes and Rosenthal fibers in Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pekny, Tulen; Faiz, Maryam; Wilhelmsson, Ulrika; Curtis, Maurice A; Matej, Radoslav; Skalli, Omar; Pekny, Milos

    2014-01-01

    Alexander disease (AxD) is a neurodegenerative disorder with prominent white matter degeneration and the presence of Rosenthal fibers containing aggregates of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and small stress proteins HSP27 and αB-crystallin, and widespread reactive gliosis. AxD is caused by mutations in GFAP, the main astrocyte intermediate filament protein. We previously showed that intermediate filament protein synemin is upregulated in reactive astrocytes after neurotrauma. Here, we examined immunohistochemically the presence of synemin in reactive astrocytes and Rosenthal fibers in two patients with AxD. There was an abundance of GFAP-positive Rosenthal fibers and widespread reactive gliosis in the white matter and subpial regions. Many of the GFAP-positive reactive astrocytes were positive for synemin, and synemin was also present in Rosenthal fibers. We show that synemin is expressed in reactive astrocytes in AxD, and is also present in Rosenthal fibers. The potential role of synemin in AxD pathogenesis remains to be investigated. © 2013 APMIS Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  15. A Multilingual Monologue: Alexander Lenard’s Self-Translated Autobiography in Three Languages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helga Lénárt-Cheng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper investigates the question of self-translation in the work of Alexander Lenard (Lénárd Sándor. Lenard, a polyglot writer and translator, rewrote his autobiography three times, in three different languages (in German, English, and Hungarian. This process of self-translation created a fascinating web of autobiographical texts, which invite a multiscopic reading. Following in the footsteps of 18th century parodists, Lenard challenges a great number of protocols associated with life-writing. The most important among these is the authority of the proper name as a guarantee of autobiographical authenticity. To challenge the authority of the proper name Lenard purposely multiplies his own authorial identities, for example by claiming that “A. L. is only a pseudonym.” Thus, the word ‘self-plagiarism’ acquires in Lenard’s case a double meaning, implying both that the author plagiarizes his own text and that he plagiarizes his own self. The paper explains why existing theories of self-translation cannot be applied to Lenard’s texts, and why his unique case can enrich future studies of this topic.

  16. Zum Verhältnis Charles Darwins zu Alexander v. Humboldt und Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Werner

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and German.While it is well known that Charles Darwin and Alexander von Humboldt appreciated each other's work, Humboldt's influence on Darwin has not yet been thoroughly examined. The following paper shows to what extent Darwin was inspired by Humboldt's publications while writing his Origin of Species.Darwin paid special attention to Humboldt's observations on plant migration and throughout his whole scientific career he used Humboldt's books as a major source of information. In fact, Darwin's last annotations in his copy of the Personal Narrative of travels to the Equinoctial Regions of the New continent during the Years 1799-1804 date back to the last weeks of his life.On the other hand, Darwin rejected many of Humboldt's scientific conclusions. The two authors differed in their assessment of Heinrich Bronn's biological research. Finally, Darwin was dissatisfied with Humboldtís last work Cosmos because it did not contain the information he expected. Darwinís collaboration with Humboldt's travel companion Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg proved to be similarly disappointing. Darwin sent 183 samples of infusoria to Berlin, but the results of Ehrenberg's analysis did not support Darwin's theory on evolution.

  17. A Niche for Subjectivity: Emergence and Process according to S. Alexander and A. N. Whitehead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Regina Brioschi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Perché un articolo sulla soggettività emergente? Se da una parte l’emergentismo offre un nuovo paradigma per pensare la soggettività oltre ogni dualismo, dall’altra il tema della soggettività mette in questione lo stesso emergentismo. Così, in generale, il presente articolo si interroga su cosa sia una soggettività emergente, e come si costituisca, procedendo in questa interrogazione mediante il pensiero di Samuel Alexander e Alfred North Whitehead. Il primo infatti presenta un coerente sistema emergentista, in cui la soggettività trova il suo posto, pur rimanendo ancorato ad un’interpretazione classica di soggettività, concepita come mente. Il secondo invece offre un modello più innovativo di soggettività, che implica una revisione radicale della sua temporalità e «mondanità», e che lo porta in ultima analisi al di là di una posizione emergentista in senso stretto.

  18. Writing in learning/teaching in French (study case- freshmen “Alexander Xhuvani” University students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonarda Myslihaka

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Writing plays an important role in teaching and learning foreign languages. Students that can write in a foreign language have to verify their grammar, lexical and semantic performance and it is the role of the teacher to assess if students have learned rules correctly. This is both important for their reading and speaking skills and in general students are tested through a writing test. Writing is now an object of research and it is generally accepted that teaching/ learning cannot be performed out of the communicative acts. Students are required to produce and interpret different documents such as leaflets, journal articles etc. in a foreign language, in this case in French. The idea is that if you want to own the writing competency, you have to know very well both the lingual and contextual structure. This paper is a based on a research conducted with the first year students, studying French at the “Alexander Xhuvani” University, Elbasan, Albania, taking in consideration the lingual, psychological and social factors that affect writing. From the conclusions was clear that students had difficulties in writing due to their limited lingual competencies that leads them to orthographical mistakes etc. We also noted that students are eager to acquire this competency because learning a language through writing does not merely mean to learn syntax but it also requires a de – contextualization and creating a chance for students to get in touch with everyday language texts.

  19. Alexander Scriabin: his chronic right-hand pain and Its impact on his piano compositions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altenmüller, Eckart

    2015-01-01

    Alexander Scriabin was an outstanding pianist and an avant-garde composer who influenced later generations with his innovative "multimedia" conceptions of aesthetic experience. As an adolescent, he was systematically trained as a concert pianist and received lessons from Vassily Safonoff, one of the founders of the legendary Russian Piano School. At age 20, Scriabin suffered an overuse injury of his right hand when attempting to improve the sound quality of his piano touch. This injury caused a deep crisis and influenced his later composition style in his piano works. From this time on, his works were frequently dominated by unusual virtuosic use and wide spans of his left hand. Rest, restricted repertoire, and an increased focus on composition contributed to recovery; however, he always remained anxious concerning the stamina of his right hand. The case report impressively demonstrates the stressors an aspiring young pianist had to cope with at the end of the nineteenth century. Furthermore, it is a convincing example of how resource-oriented behavior and intuition lead to the improvement of health status. Differential diagnoses and the modern concept of multimodal pain therapy in chronic overuse injury will be discussed from a historical perspective. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. The Development of Information Policy of the Russian Empire During the Reign of Alexander II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena S. Ustinovich

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available During this historical period was actively carried out the process of interaction and interdependence of the development of state power and social consciousness within the limits of formation of the state information policy. Alexander II and his inner circle, given these trends and evaluating the shortcomings of the reign of his father, after years of ignoring the power of public opinion on important socio-political and socio-economic issues, after a long ban on open discussion of the shortcomings of the actions of the authorities and of the state apparatus, deliberately stimulated the beginning of the «era of conviction». Growth of social consciousness, the press has naturally gained a strong influence on representatives of the Russian society and contributed to raising awareness of and advocate for their rights. The authority is committed to the advancement of social development, directs itself to the expansion of media freedom and on the settlement of socio-political issues through dialogue, carried out with the assistance of the media.

  1. The Russian secret service and King Alexander Obrenović of Serbia (1900-1903

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajić Suzana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The period of 1900-1903 saw three phases of cooperation between the Rus­sian Secret Service (Okhrana and King Alexander Obrenović of Serbia. It is safe to say that the Secret Service operated in Serbia as an extended arm of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, i.e. of its diplomatic mission in Belgrade. Its goal was to fortify the position of Russia in Serbia after King Alexander’s wedding and the departure of his father, ex-King Milan (who abdicated in 1889 in favour of his minor son, from the country. The Serbian King, however, benefited little from the cooperation, because he did not receive assistance from the Secret Service when he needed it most. Thus, the issue of conspiracy against his life was lightly treated throughout 1902 until his assassination in 1903. In the third and last period of cooperation, from the beginning of 1902 until the King’s assassination on 11 June 1903,1 the Russian ministries of Internal and Foreign Affairs forbade the agents to receive money from the Serbian King and relieved them of any duty regarding the protection of his life. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177014: Serbian nation: Integrating and disintegrating processes

  2. Alexander von Humboldt's Idea of Interconnectedness and its Relationship to Interdisciplinarity and Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Detlev Doherr

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Alexander von Humboldt, a German scientist and explorer of the 19th century, viewed the natural world holistically and described the harmony of nature among the diversity of the physical world as a conjoining between all physical disciplines. He noted in his diary: "Everything is interconnectedness." The main feature of Humboldt's pioneering work was later named "Humboldtian science", meaning the accurate study of interconnected real phenomena in order to find a definite law and a dynamic cause. Following Humboldt's idea of nature, an Internet edition of his works must preserve the author's original intention, retain an awareness of all relevant works, and still adhere to the requirements of scholarly edition. At the present time, however, the highly unconventional form of his publications has undermined the awareness and a comprehensive study of Humboldt's works. Digital libraries should supply dynamic links to sources, maps, images, graphs and relevant texts. New forms of interaction and synthesis between humanistic texts and scientific observation need to be created. Information technology is the only way to do justice to the broad range of visions, descriptions and the idea of nature of Humboldt's legacy. It finally leads to virtual research environments as an adequate concept to redesign our digital archives, not only for Humboldt's documents, but for all interconnected data.

  3. Rediscovering MDMA (ecstasy): the role of the American chemist Alexander T. Shulgin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benzenhöfer, Udo; Passie, Torsten

    2010-08-01

    Alexander T. Shulgin is widely thought of as the 'father' of +/-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). This paper re-assesses his role in the modern history of this drug. We analysed systematically Shulgin's original publications on MDMA, his publications on the history of MDMA and his laboratory notebook. According to Shulgin's book PIHKAL (1991), he synthesized MDMA in 1965, but did not try it. In the 1960s Shulgin also synthesized MDMA-related compounds such as 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), 3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MMDA) and 3,4-methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDE), but this had no impact on his rediscovery of MDMA. In the mid-1970s Shulgin learned of a 'special effect' caused by MDMA, whereupon he re-synthesized it and tried it himself in September 1976, as confirmed by his laboratory notebook. In 1977 he gave MDMA to Leo Zeff PhD, who used it as an adjunct to psychotherapy and introduced it to other psychotherapists. Shulgin was not the first to synthesize MDMA, but he played an important role in its history. It seems plausible that he was so impressed by its effects that he introduced it to psychotherapist Zeff in 1977. This, and the fact that in 1978 he published with David Nichols the first paper on the pharmacological action of MDMA in humans, explains why Shulgin is sometimes (erroneously) called the 'father' of MDMA.

  4. La fabrique du savoir Essai sur les carnets de voyage d'Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Noëlle Bourguet

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in French, Abstract in English.Whilst the notebook belongs to the imagery of the enlightened scientist's persona (an auxiliary tool kept by his side to be hastily scribbled with data, when at the bench or in the field, it has been given little attention by historians of science, who are used to consider its manuscript pages as a documentary resource to complement the printed text, but rarely take the notebook as a material and cultural object by itself, the history and epistemology of which is to be explored. Only recently have new trends in the historiography, by historians of printed books and reading practices, and by social and cultural historians of knowledge, called for a fresh look and opened the way for new approaches. Taking Alexander von Humboldt as a paramount example, who expressly devoted his life to "observing and recording" the world, pen in hand, this paper explores the note-taking practices at work in his travel diaries and notebooks from the perspective of the history of scientific observation and cognitive practices. Four themes are successively considered : the question of method and apprenticeship ; the timing of note-taking practices ; the nature and status of the data jotted down on the page ; finally, their uses in the production of scientific knowledge. In the back and forth movement between the observation of the world and the writing of science, the notebook stood as a crucial intellectual step and cognitive tool.

  5. Causes of ransom private railways in the Russian Empire during the reign of Alexander III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel A. Gurianov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on a number of reasons, redemption of private railways in the Russian Empire during the reign of Alexander III. Preconditions for this step. After the defeat in the Crimean War, the state began to consider two basic ways construction of railways: the expense of the treasury at the expense of private capital, including foreign ones. Attempts to organize joint capital of private foreign and domestic on the example of the main Russian Railway Company ended sadly. Foreign capital is mainly interested in speculation on the Russian stock exchange, as a result the majority of the company's shares went to the Russian capital. To support the private Russian capital the government has gone the way of the guarantee capital, in certain cases, as a joint stock or bond or one of the types of capital. When distribution concessions were not crucial economic factors, and the proximity to the elite or the corruption component. Often concession won by those who offered the lowest price, which affects the quality of railway construction in the country. As a result of the concession is not got the most professionally trained people who are almost entirely the burden shifted to the state, and profits for the most part getting any private owners. As a result, such practice is ruinous for the Treasury forced the government to buy back a significant portion of private railways on acceptable terms. As a result, initially malpractice and corruption safeguards prevent a real manifestation of self-employment initiatives

  6. Older adult Alexander Technique practitioners walk differently than healthy age-matched controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamel, Kate A; Ross, Christopher; Schultz, Brooke; O'Neill, Matthew; Anderson, David I

    2016-10-01

    The Alexander Technique (AT) seeks to eliminate harmful patterns of tension that interfere with the control of posture and movement and in doing so, it may serve as a viable intervention method for increasing gait efficacy in older adults. The purpose of this study was to compare the comfortable pace gait kinematics of older AT practitioners with those of healthy, age-matched controls. Participants were six licensed AT practitioners and seven healthy age-matched controls between the ages of 61-76. During the stance phase, AT participants exhibited significantly greater ankle stance range of motion (ROM) and plantar flexion at toe off, as well as lower ROM of the trunk and head compared to controls. During the swing phase, the AT practitioners had significantly increased hip and knee flexion and a trend toward significantly increased dorsiflexion. The findings suggest that the older AT practitioners walked with gait patterns more similar to those found in the literature for younger adults. These promising results highlight the need for further research to assess the AT's potential role as an intervention method for ameliorating the deleterious changes in gait that occur with aging. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. PRAYER AND THE "SPIRITUAL CONSTITUENT" IN THE IMAGE OF A BELOVED IN ALEXANDER PUSHKIN'S LYRIC POETRY

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    Elena Alexandrovna Kuchina

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Prayer in Alexander Pushkin's lyric poetry appears in its natural ecclesiological context. In his prayerful poems devoted to a woman the motif of turning Love into Divinity in the light of Christian understanding of Beauty plays the most important role. Pushkin's personal prayers are very close to the patristic idea. In his poem Akathist to Ekaterina Nikolaevna Karamzina Pushkin embodied the prayer-praising; in his poem I loved you — and love it may yet be Deep in my soul... he embodied the prayer-blessing; in his sonnet Madonna the reader can find benediction and in the poem To the Beauty (1832 one can feel the state of religious reverence. The heroine of these poems is considered to be a divine creature, a sacral image. In Pushkin's lyric poetry these profound evangelical ideas are renewed. The hymnologic genre and Christian divine service in his poems become obvious. The artistic embodiment of a prayer becomes possible with the help of an iconic word and image. A prayerful word in Pushkin's poems contributes to idealization of the form that evolves from emotional and sensual state to spiritual and ascetical world-view, from the artistic and figurative word to the iconic clarity.

  8. Women Professors of Educational Administration: A Profile and Salient Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Short, Paula M.; And Others

    The purpose of this study is to assess the current status of women professors of educational administration. Research findings are reviewed and discussed in the areas of socialization of women and sex-role stereotyping, mentoring, and networking. A 37-item questionnaire addressed background information, graduate school experiences, first…

  9. [Professor TIAN Cong-huo's experience on clinical acupuncture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Shi-Yun; Wang, Yin

    2008-10-01

    Professor TIAN's experiences on acupuncture treatment of various difficult diseases with different acupuncture methods based on syndrome differentiation of different patients, for example, para-acupuncture for treatment of migraine, triple puncture at Dazhui (GV 14) for recurrent depression, lifting and thrusting point Shexiaxue for treatment of aphasia, electroacupuncture at Shuigou (GV 26) and Baihui (GV 20) for treatment of schizophrenia, etc. are introduced.

  10. Häbi, professor, teil on Gefilus kapis / Eve Kruuse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruuse, Eve,d1959-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli professor Marika Mikelsaar võitis läinud kuul koos kolleegidega (Tiiu Kullisaar, Epp Songisepp, Hedi Annuk ja Mihkel Zilmer) Soulis ülemaailmse naisleiutajate konkursil ME-3 bakteri avastamise ja probiootikuks arendamise eest kuldmedali

  11. Burnout Syndrome and Self-Efficacy Beliefs in Professors

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Padilla, Arlington Antonio; Escorcia Bonivento, Carla Vanessa; Perez Suarez, Blinis Sat

    The presence of the Burnout syndrome in professors may be regarded as a deterioration of their mental health with negative impacts on their job performance. It is known that teachers develop different activities in the areas of teaching, outreach and research. This study aims to analyze the relationship between the Burnout syndrome and…

  12. Communication professor examines media bias in president's speeches

    OpenAIRE

    Elliott, Jean

    2006-01-01

    Jim A. Kuypers, assistant professor of communication in the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences at Virginia Tech, reveals a disturbing world of media bias in his new book Bush's War: Media Bias and Justifications for War in a Terrorist Age (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 2006).

  13. A Comparison of Students' Perceptions of an Ideal Professor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadzella, Bernadette M.; And Others

    A study was done of college students' current perceptions of the most and least important characteristics of an ideal professor. These perceptions were compared with findings from earlier studies, and differences among student groups (based on gender, college status, grade point average (GPA), and majors) were compared. The study surveyed 356…

  14. Analysis of an Instrument on a Quality Professor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lytton, Channon R.; Gadzella, Bernadette M.

    The reliability of the questionnaire, Students' Views of an Ideal Professor, was studied. Subjects were 86 students (35 males and 51 females) who were enrolled in psychology classes at a state university. Subjects included 34 freshmen, 27 sophomores, 20 juniors, 4 seniors, and 1 graduate. The questionnaire consists of 25 characteristics of a…

  15. University Professors and Teaching Ethics: Conceptualizations and Expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, Kathy Lund; Beggs, Jeri Mullins

    2006-01-01

    After the spectacular ethical breaches in corporate America emerged, business school professors were singled out as having been negligent in teaching ethical standards. This exploratory study asked business school faculty about teaching ethics, including conceptualizations of ethics in a teaching context and opinions of the extent to which…

  16. Tribute to the legend Mr. Veterinary Public Health, Professor James ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The author was also destined during his Sabbatical Leave to have an interactive interview session with Prof James Steele after attending the 20th Annual James Steele lecture/ 99th birthday Dinner of Professor James Steele 4th and 6th April 2012 at the Texas School of Public Health, Houston, Texas, USA. The interview ...

  17. Postcards from a Road Trip to Innovation: One Professor's Sabbatical

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Todd R.

    2016-01-01

    Precious moments in life for an educator are taking time to reflect upon his or her teaching practices to evaluate effectiveness and overall impact. Often this reflection is a weekly if not a daily process for educators using a reflective practitioner model (SchÖn, 1983). For professors, many universities have opportunities for tenured faculty to…

  18. Humor and the Emeritus Professor: An Interview with Gene Roth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vivona, Brian

    2015-01-01

    This essay is a compilation of several conversations with Dr. Gene Roth, Distinguished Teaching Professor Emeritus at Northern Illinois University. Dr. Roth is past President of the Academy of Human Resource Development, and although he is well known for his efforts in bringing humor into the field of HRD, he is not the same Gene Roth that played…

  19. An Examination of Assistant Professors' Project Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpert, Shannon Atkinson; Hartshorne, Richard

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research was to identify factors that influence the use of project management in higher education research projects by investigating the project management practices of assistant professors. Design/methodology/approach: Using a grounded theory approach that included in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 22…

  20. Developing Student Character: Community College Professors Who Share Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphreys, Connie K.

    2012-01-01

    This phenomenological study examined the definitions, values, and experiences of seven community college professors who have tried to promote student character development by sharing some of their power in the classroom. Power sharing is a participative gesture, and participative teachers can encourage students to become more engaged in their own…

  1. For Professors' Children, the Case for Home Schooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pannapacker, W. A.

    2005-01-01

    The number of families who home school their children is growing between five and 15% per year and it is believed that home schoolers outperform their public-educated peers, though critics believe that home schooling is a form of religious fanaticism and a means of avoiding diversity. A professor explains how he and his wife, home school their…

  2. "Women in Science" with Professor Jocelyn Bell Burnell

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2014-01-11

    January 11, 2014 | 11:30 am | Multimedia hall, New Physical Sciences Building. Chair, WiS panel of the IASc, Prof. Rohini Godbole, IISc will preside. “Women in Science”: an Interactive Discussion. Session with. Prof. Jocelyn Bell Burnell are happy to present. Prof. Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell is currently a visiting Professor at ...

  3. The professor within the context of African Universities | Nenty ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It affirms that the professor is the soul of the university which itself is a world-wide liberal space for the development of the human intellect and genius. The paper further argues that when an individual has been able to satisfy the rigours of the professoriate, such an individual owes it as an obligation to impact positively ...

  4. Does Gender and Professional Experience Influence Students' Perceptions of Professors?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tindall, Natalie T. J.; Waters, Richard D.

    2017-01-01

    Grounded in literature stemming from higher education research, this study examines how students evaluate public relations educators by gauging their perceptions of the professors' professional competency, professorial warmth, course difficulty, and industry connectivity. Using an experimental design, students (N = 303) from four U.S. universities…

  5. Professor GN Ramachandran's Contributions to X-ray Crystallography

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 6; Issue 10. Professor G. N. Ramachandran's Contributions to X-ray Crystallography. K Venkatesan. General Article Volume 6 Issue 10 October 2001 pp 8-15. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  6. Ten Things Every Professor Should Know about Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Kenneth; Dunlap, Joanna; Stevens, Ellen

    2012-01-01

    This article describes ten key assessment practices for advancing student learning that all professors should be familiar with and strategically incorporate in their classrooms and programs. Each practice or concept is explained with examples and guidance for putting it into practice. The ten are: learning outcomes, performance assessments,…

  7. Professor-Student Rapport Scale: Six Items Predict Student Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Janie H.; Ryan, Rebecca G.

    2013-01-01

    Rapport between students and teachers leads to numerous positive student outcomes, including attitudes toward the teacher and course, student motivation, and perceived learning. The recent development of a Professor-Student Rapport scale offers assessment of this construct. However, a Cronbach's [alpha] of 0.96 indicated item redundancy, and the…

  8. Dilemmas of a Newly Recruited Academic Qualified Professor: A Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, Anand

    2015-01-01

    This case describes the situation of a newly recruited academic professor who volunteered to teach a course on Research Methods to first-term MBA students in a practitioner-oriented case method Business School. Research Methods is a unique course due to its relevance not only in business but also across all graduate programs. Instructional and…

  9. Teaching the College "Nones": Christian Privilege and the Religion Professor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riswold, Caryn D.

    2015-01-01

    Working with undergraduate students invites teachers into relationship and conversation with young people at a time when they are emerging as adults and forming their identities. Faith is one area of identity formation often attended to by scholars, college professors, and their institutions. But within that, little attention has been paid to…

  10. Identity Issues: Expatriate Professors Teaching and Researching in Qatar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanowski, Michael H.; Nasser, Ramzi

    2015-01-01

    Today, academics are more transient, working outside their home countries, than at any other time in the history of academics especially in the Arab World were there is great demand for faculty members educated in Western' culture and academia. However, many of these professors face considerable social, professional and academic challenges in…

  11. Reflections on Finally Becoming a Professor after Forty Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, J. Foster

    2016-01-01

    I wrote this reflective piece in 1999 as I was assuming my first full-time position as a professor with limited administrative responsibilities at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). After 30-plus years in administrative roles in higher education that provided the opportunity to teach on a part-time basis only, I quickly became aware of…

  12. The rotor theories by Professor Joukowsky: Vortex theories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Okulov, Valery L.; Sørensen, Jens Nørkær; Wood, David H.

    2015-01-01

    This is the second of two articles with the main, and largely self-explanatory, title "Rotor theories by Professor Joukowsky". This article considers rotors with finite number of blades and is subtitled "Vortex theories". The first article with subtitle "Momentum theories", assessed the starring ...

  13. Kant as a Professor: Some Lessons for Today's Intellectuals ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The thoughts of every great philosopher is measured and represented by the history of his social background. It is indeed, more appropriate particularly in the case of a great philosopher like Immanuel Kant to single out for special recognition the outstanding characteristics of his early life on his career as a professor of ...

  14. Reflections on the Scholarly Contributions of Professor David H. Jonassen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeves, Thomas C.; Lee, Chwee Beng; Hung, Woei

    2013-01-01

    The six papers in this special issue of "Computers and Education" honoring Professor David H. Jonassen are diverse in nature. They also reflect differing interpretations of the implications of Jonassen's work for research and development focused on instructional models and the factors influencing instruction as well as the directions for future…

  15. Championing Inclusion: An Interview with Professor Luanna Meyer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bevan-Brown, Jill

    2012-01-01

    In May 2012, after a long and impressive career, Luanna Meyer retired from her role as Professor of Education and Director of the Jessie Hetherington Centre for Educational Research at Victoria University. The tributes paid at her retirement ceremony bear testament to a woman who is held in high esteem in the educational community. In this…

  16. On the Seminar of Professor Shulamit Kreitler in MSUPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fedorova A.I.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available From 9 to 15 of February, 2015 in Moscow state university of psychology and education hosted series of seminars of doctor of psychology Shulamit Kreitler. Dr. Kreitler is a professor of Tel-Aviv University, director of psychology studies center in Sheba medical center, Tel-Hashomer, Israel.

  17. On the Seminar of Professor Shulamit Kreitler in MSUPE

    OpenAIRE

    Fedorova A. I.; Scherbakova A.M.

    2015-01-01

    From 9 to 15 of February, 2015 in Moscow state university of psychology and education hosted series of seminars of doctor of psychology Shulamit Kreitler. Dr. Kreitler is a professor of Tel-Aviv University, director of psychology studies center in Sheba medical center, Tel-Hashomer, Israel.

  18. The Effect of Professor's Attractiveness on Distance Learning Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jeanny; Tomasi, Stella D.

    2015-01-01

    Technology enabled learning is becoming more popular and pervasive in education. While the effectiveness of distance learning versus traditional classroom education is strongly debated, human factors such as students' perception of their professors can influence their desire to learn. This research examines the perceptual effect of attractive…

  19. Career Vitality of Professors: A Cognitive Restructuring Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bumpus, J. Frank

    An attributional model that conceptualizes the pressures that reduce professors' personal and career vitality is presented. The model is based primarily on the locus of control literature and especially the reformulated model of learned helplessness by Lynn Abramson, Martin Seligman, and John Teasdale. The analysis deals only with the cognitive…

  20. Could We Talk? Pragmatic Variations in Student-Professor Negotiations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biesenbach-Lucas, Sigrun; Weasenforth, Donald

    This study focuses on electronic office hour consultations and investigates the presence and organization of pragmatic elements associated with negotiating the completion and evaluation of coursework in the e-mail messages of 28 American and international students to an American professor. Findings indicate a lack of negotiation skills in the…

  1. What is the perceived impact of Alexander technique lessons on health status, costs and pain management in the real life setting of an English hospital? The results of a mixed methods evaluation of an Alexander technique service for those with chronic back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClean, Stuart; Brilleman, Sam; Wye, Lesley

    2015-07-28

    Randomised controlled trial evidence indicates that Alexander Technique is clinically and cost effective for chronic back pain. The aim of this mixed methods evaluation was to explore the role and perceived impact of Alexander Technique lessons in the naturalistic setting of an acute hospital Pain Management Clinic in England. To capture changes in health status and resource use amongst service users, 43 service users were administered three widely used questionnaires (Brief Pain Inventory, MYMOP and Client Service Resource Inventory) at three time points: baseline, six weeks and three months after baseline. We also carried out 27 telephone interviews with service users and seven face-to-face interviews with pain clinic staff and Alexander Technique teachers. Quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics and qualitative data were analysed thematically. Those taking Alexander Technique lessons reported small improvements in health outcomes, and condition-related costs fell. However, due to the non-randomised, uncontrolled nature of the study design, changes cannot be attributed to the Alexander Technique lessons. Service users stated that their relationship to pain and pain management had changed, especially those who were more committed to practising the techniques regularly. These changes may explain the reported reduction in pain-related service use and the corresponding lower associated costs. Alexander Technique lessons may be used as another approach to pain management. The findings suggests that Alexander Technique lessons can help improve self-efficacy for those who are sufficiently motivated, which in turn may have an impact on service utilisation levels.

  2. Refletindo sobre a relação professor-aluno em um grupo de professores do Esino Fundamental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio dos Santos Andrade

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir das concepções de Donald Schön sobre a formação do professor como prático reflexivo, os princípios de trabalho com pequenos grupos, baseados nas concepções de J. L Moreno, foram utilizados com o objetivo de facilitar o processo de reflexão sobre suas práticas de sala de aula, com seis professores do Ensino Fundamental. Foram realizados nove encontros de 90 a 120 minutos de duração. Nas discussões, os casos dos alunos mais problemáticos quanto ao seu comportamento foram trazidos pelos professores e analisados pelo grupo a luz das concepções da Pragmática da Comunicação Humana. Como resultado destas discussões, os professores foram levados a considerar os aspectos mais latentes, e portanto significantes, de suas relações com os alunos. Estas reflexões conduziram a uma "resignificação" das mesmas, com efeitos surpreendentes sobre os comportamentos dos alunos.

  3. Why Did the Professor Cross the Road? How and Why College Professors Intentionally Use Humor in Their Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckman, Karen Hildebrant

    2010-01-01

    College professors face many pressing challenges: staying current in their disciplines, becoming familiar with new technology, responding to national accountability issues, publishing scholarly research in their fields, and facilitating student learning in their classes. Teaching and learning are complex processes. Humor is a powerful…

  4. Yue Joseph Wang named Grant A. Dove Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2009-01-01

    Yue Joseph Wang, professor of electrical and computer engineering in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, has been named the Grant A. Dove Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors.

  5. Maury Nussbaum reappointed as Hal G. Prillaman Professor Fellow in Industrial and Systems Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Maury Nussbaum, professor of industrial and systems engineering in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, has been reappointed as the Hal G. Prillaman Professor Fellow in Industrial and Systems Engineering by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors.

  6. Brian M. Kleiner receives Ralph H. Bogle Professor Fellowship in Industrial and Systems Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Brian M. Kleiner, professor of industrial and systems engineering in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, has been named the Ralph H. Bogle Professor Fellow in Industrial and Systems Engineering by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors.

  7. Alexander von Humboldt: Wissenschaft im Feld Transareale Wissenschaftsfelder in den Tropen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available ZusammenfassungAlexander von Humboldt verstand sich zwar sicher nicht als Direktor eines Museums, war aber sehr wohl der Welt der Museen, Bibliotheken und Archive nicht nur als Besucher und Leser, sondern auch als Sammler und Forscher verpflichtet. Durch seine Forschungsreisen nach Amerika und Asien vermehrte er im Verlauf eines langen Gelehrtenlebens viele Sammlungen durch eigene Sammeltätigkeit vor Ort. Seine Feldforschung blieb dabei nicht auf naturwissenschaftliche Aspekte begrenzt, sondern bezog ganz selbstverständlich auch die verschiedenartigsten kulturwissenschaftlichen Forschungsgegenstände mitein. Diese transdisziplinär agierende Praxis im Feld lässt sich zugleich als eine transareale, einzelne Areas übergreifende und damit im Sinne von TransArea Studies aus den Beziehungen, Zirkulationen und Wechselwirkungen jenseits des bloß Territorialen sich speisende Wissenschaftskonzeption begreifen. So lässt sich in seiner Auseinandersetzung mit der amerikanischen Tropenwelt eine doppelte transareale Relationalität erkennen, die einerseits intern die Tropenwelt unterschiedlicher Kontinente miteinander verbindet, andererseits aber extern die Tropen insbesondere mit den gemäßigten Zonen in Relation setzt, um dadurch erst globale Zusammenhänge - einschließlich der sich verändernden Schneegrenzen oder der Wanderungsbewegungen der Pflanzenformen, für die sich die mobile Wissenschaft Humboldts in besonderem Maße interessierte - skizzieren und erläutern zu können. Die Tropen sind für ihn die Zone höchster Mannigfaltigkeit und Vielverbundenheit - oder um es mit heutigen Begriffen zum Ausdruck zu bringen: die TransArea par excellence.AbstractAlthough Alexander von Humboldt certainly perceived himself not as director of a museum, he was commited to the world of museums, libraries, and archives, not only as a visitor and reader, but also as a collector and researcher. Through his travels to America and Asia and in the course of a long

  8. The Effects of Professors' Race and Gender on Student Evaluations and Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basow, Susan A.; Codos, Stephanie; Martin, Julie L.

    2013-01-01

    This experimental study examined the effects of professor gender, professor race, and student gender on student ratings of teaching effectiveness and amount learned. After watching a three-minute engineering lecture presented by a computer-animated professor who varied by gender and race (African American, White), female and male undergraduates…

  9. The Association of Professors' Style, Trait Anxiety, and Experience with Students' Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theodory, George C.; Day, Richard C.

    1985-01-01

    The relationship between the style, trait anxiety, and experience of professors and students' grades was investigated using Fiedler's contingency theory. Results indicated professors' trait anxiety is significant influencing student grades; professors having a high Least Preferred co-worker score assigned grades negatively correlated related with…

  10. Professors and Coaches Educational Approaches That Support the NCAA Division III Student Athlete Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuntz, Daniel E.

    2011-01-01

    While professors and coaches have the ability to enable or impede student athletes' educational success in college, studies that address the perspectives of coaches and professors about their interactions with student athletes are limited. This study aimed to understand (a) the ways in which professors and coaches who act as institutional agents…

  11. A Mixed Analysis of College Students' Best and Poorest College Professors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slate, John R.; LaPrairie, Kimberly; Schulte, Don P.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

    2009-01-01

    In this study, the authors examined the views of 171 college students concerning their best and poorest college professors. In a multi-stage conversion mixed analysis design, students' stories of their best and poorest college professors were thematically analysed, resulting in 15 dominant themes for their best college professors and 12 dominant…

  12. A Changing Role for University Professors? Professorial Academic Leadership as It Is Perceived by "The Led"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Linda

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the academic leadership role of university professors in the UK (a grade title which in that national context generally refers only to the most distinguished, senior academics, who equate to the North American full professor). Drawing on theoretical interpretations of professionalism and applying these to professors, it…

  13. PREFACE: Special section on Computational Fluid Dynamics—in memory of Professor Kunio Kuwahara Special section on Computational Fluid Dynamics—in memory of Professor Kunio Kuwahara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, Katsuya

    2011-08-01

    This issue includes a special section on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in memory of the late Professor Kunio Kuwahara, who passed away on 15 September 2008, at the age of 66. In this special section, five articles are included that are based on the lectures and discussions at `The 7th International Nobeyama Workshop on CFD: To the Memory of Professor Kuwahara' held in Tokyo on 23 and 24 September 2009. Professor Kuwahara started his research in fluid dynamics under Professor Imai at the University of Tokyo. His first paper was published in 1969 with the title 'Steady Viscous Flow within Circular Boundary', with Professor Imai. In this paper, he combined theoretical and numerical methods in fluid dynamics. Since that time, he made significant and seminal contributions to computational fluid dynamics. He undertook pioneering numerical studies on the vortex method in 1970s. From then to the early nineties, he developed numerical analyses on a variety of three-dimensional unsteady phenomena of incompressible and compressible fluid flows and/or complex fluid flows using his own supercomputers with academic and industrial co-workers and members of his private research institute, ICFD in Tokyo. In addition, a number of senior and young researchers of fluid mechanics around the world were invited to ICFD and the Nobeyama workshops, which were held near his villa, and they intensively discussed new frontier problems of fluid physics and fluid engineering at Professor Kuwahara's kind hospitality. At the memorial Nobeyama workshop held in 2009, 24 overseas speakers presented their papers, including the talks of Dr J P Boris (Naval Research Laboratory), Dr E S Oran (Naval Research Laboratory), Professor Z J Wang (Iowa State University), Dr M Meinke (RWTH Aachen), Professor K Ghia (University of Cincinnati), Professor U Ghia (University of Cincinnati), Professor F Hussain (University of Houston), Professor M Farge (École Normale Superieure), Professor J Y Yong (National

  14. Nationwide survey of Alexander disease in Japan and proposed new guidelines for diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Tomokatsu; Sasaki, Masayuki; Yoshida, Mari; Namekawa, Michito; Okamoto, Yuji; Tsujino, Seiichi; Sasayama, Hiroshi; Mizuta, Ikuko; Nakagawa, Masanori

    2011-11-01

    Alexander disease (AxD) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder characterized by white matter degeneration and formation of cytoplasmic inclusions. Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) mutations have been reported in various forms of AxD since 2001. However, a definitive diagnosis remains difficult because of uncertain prevalence, and different clinical features seen in infantile AxD and adult AxD may lead to confusion and misdiagnosis. Here we report an epidemiological study conducted in Japan. Two nationwide questionnaire-based surveys were conducted using tentative diagnostic criteria. We gathered information regarding prevalence, neurological findings, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, electrophysiological findings, genetic information, and the results of therapeutic interventions and home care. Prevalence of various forms of AxD was determined as 27.3% (infantile), 24.2% (juvenile), and 48.5% (adult). Prevalence of AxD in Japan was estimated to be approximately 1 case per 2.7 million individuals. The main characteristics of infantile and juvenile AxD include delayed psychomotor development or mental retardation, convulsions, macrocephaly, and predominant cerebral white matter abnormalities in the frontal lobe on brain MRI. The main characteristics of adult AxD include bulbar signs, muscle weakness with hyperreflexia, and signal abnormalities and/or atrophy of medulla oblongata and cervical spinal cord on MRI. To ensure correct diagnosis of AxD, the physician should understand the importance of the process of GFAP genetic testing, which provides definitive diagnosis. Therefore, we propose new clinical guidelines for diagnosing AxD based on simplified classifications: cerebral AxD (type 1), bulbospinal AxD (type 2), and intermediate form (type 3).

  15. Glial fibrillary acidic protein exhibits altered turnover kinetics in a mouse model of Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moody, Laura R; Barrett-Wilt, Gregory A; Sussman, Michael R; Messing, Albee

    2017-04-07

    Mutations in the astrocyte-specific intermediate filament glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) lead to the rare and fatal disorder, Alexander disease (AxD). A prominent feature of the disease is aberrant accumulation of GFAP. It has been proposed that this accumulation occurs because of an increase in gene transcription coupled with impaired proteasomal degradation, yet this hypothesis remains untested. We therefore sought to directly investigate GFAP turnover in a mouse model of AxD that is heterozygous for a disease-causing point mutation ( Gfap R236H /+ ) (and thus expresses both wild-type and mutant protein). Stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture, using primary cortical astrocytes, indicated that the in vitro half-lives of total GFAP in astrocytes from wild-type and mutant mice were similar at ∼3-4 days. Surprisingly, results obtained with stable isotope labeling of mammals revealed that, in vivo , the half-life of GFAP in mutant mice (15.4 ± 0.5 days) was much shorter than that in wild-type mice (27.5 ± 1.6 days). These unexpected in vivo data are most consistent with a model in which synthesis and degradation are both increased. Our work reveals that an AxD-causing mutation alters GFAP turnover kinetics in vivo and provides an essential foundation for future studies aimed at preventing or reducing the accumulation of GFAP. In particular, these data suggest that elimination of GFAP might be possible and occurs more quickly than previously surmised. © 2017 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  16. Aggregation-prone GFAP mutation in Alexander disease validated using a zebrafish model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, So-Hyun; Nam, Tai-Seung; Kim, Kun-Hee; Kim, Jin Hee; Yoon, Woong; Heo, Suk-Hee; Kim, Min Jung; Shin, Boo Ahn; Perng, Ming-Der; Choy, Hyon E; Jo, Jihoon; Kim, Myeong-Kyu; Choi, Seok-Yong

    2017-09-07

    Alexander disease (AxD) is an astrogliopathy that predominantly affects the white matter of the central nervous system (CNS), and is caused by a mutation in the gene encoding the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), an intermediate filament primarily expressed in astrocytes and ependymal cells. The main pathologic feature of AxD is the presence of Rosenthal fibers (RFs), homogeneous eosinophilic inclusions found in astrocytes. Because of difficulties in procuring patient' CNS tissues and the presence of RFs in other pathologic conditions, there is a need to develop an in vivo assay that can determine whether a mutation in the GFAP results in aggregation and is thus disease-causing. We found a GFAP mutation (c.382G > A, p.Asp128Asn) in a 68-year-old man with slowly progressive gait disturbance with tendency to fall. The patient was tentatively diagnosed with AxD based on clinical and radiological findings. To develop a vertebrate model to assess the aggregation tendency of GFAP, we expressed several previously reported mutant GFAPs and p.Asp128Asn GFAP in zebrafish embryos. The most common GFAP mutations in AxD, p.Arg79Cys, p.Arg79His, p.Arg239Cys and p.Arg239His, and p.Asp128Asn induced a significantly higher number of GFAP aggregates in zebrafish embryos than wild-type GFAP. The p.Asp128Asn GFAP mutation is likely to be a disease-causing mutation. Although it needs to be tested more extensively in larger case series, the zebrafish assay system presented here would help clinicians determine whether GFAP mutations identified in putative AxD patients are disease-causing.

  17. The origin of Rosenthal fibers and their contributions to astrocyte pathology in Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosunov, Alexander A; McKhann, Guy M; Goldman, James E

    2017-03-31

    Rosenthal fibers (RFs) are cytoplasmic, proteinaceous aggregates. They are the pathognomonic feature of the astrocyte pathology in Alexander Disease (AxD), a neurodegenerative disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in the GFAP gene, encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Although RFs have been known for many years their origin and significance remain elusive issues. We have used mouse models of AxD based on the overexpression of human GFAP (transgenic, TG) and a point mutation in mouse GFAP (knock-in, KI) to examine the formation of RFs and to find astrocyte changes that correlate with the appearance of RFs. We found RFs of various sizes and shapes. The smallest ones appear as granular depositions on intermediate filaments. These contain GFAP and the small heat shock protein, alphaB-crystallin. Their aggregation appears to give rise to large RFs. The appearance of new RFs and the growth of previously formed RFs occur over time. We determined that DAPI is a reliable marker of RFs and in parallel with Fluoro-Jade B (FJB) staining defined a high variability in the appearance of RFs, even in neighboring astrocytes. Although many astrocytes in AxD with increased levels of GFAP and with or without RFs change their phenotype, only some cells with large numbers of RFs show a profound reconstruction of cellular processes, with a loss of fine distal processes and the appearance of large, lobulated nuclei, likely due to arrested mitosis. We conclude that 1) RFs appear to originate as small, osmiophilic masses containing both GFAP and alphaB-crystallin deposited on bundles of intermediate filaments. 2) RFs continue to form within AxD astrocytes over time. 3) DAPI is a reliable marker for RFs and can be used with immunolabeling. 4) RFs appear to interfere with the successful completion of astrocyte mitosis and cell division.

  18. Death by polonium-210: lessons learned from the murder of former Soviet spy Alexander Litvinenko.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFee, Robin B; Leikin, Jerrold B

    2009-02-01

    The medical response to radiation--whether the result of radiological warfare, terrorist deployment of improvised radiation dispersal weapons, political assassination, occupational or industrial accidents or the medically radiated patient remains one of the least taught among all disciplines within medical education. In the aftermath of 9/11 among medical vulnerabilities to toxicant threats, of all the categories of weapons of mass destruction (WMD)--whether using the CBRNE (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, explosive) or NBC (nuclear, biological, chemical) acronym--radiation is the least taught in professional schools, responder cultures or civil preparedness organizations. To date, few health care professionals (HCP) possess the fundamental knowledge or skills to identify and diagnose, let alone treat a radiation victim; this vulnerability made even more obvious in the aftermath of the high profile assassination of former Russian agent Alexander Litvinenko. He was poisoned with Polonium210. Radioactive substances are ubiquitous with radiation sources being in or transported through virtually every region nationwide. It is essential to increase preparedness among community and rural health care facilities as well as urban and university hospitals. Managing radiation injuries effectively requires access to specialized equipment and expertise. Radiation sickness is progressive and may require acute, critical and long-term care throughout the course of illness. Regardless of the source, preparedness rests upon acknowledging a threat exists and dedicating the resources to address the risks including the enhancement of training and equipment. Mass or individual exposures to radiation present unique challenges to the entire response continuum from law enforcement, first responders and emergency medical care. Increased education about and practice in responding to radiological threats is essential to enhance preparedness.

  19. Statistical mechanics of /2+1 gravity from Riemann zeta function and Alexander polynomial: exact results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kholodenko, A. L.

    2001-05-01

    In the recent publication [J. Geom. Phys. 33 (2000) 23], we have demonstrated that dynamics of /2+1 gravity can be described in terms of train tracks. Train tracks were introduced by Thurston in connection with description of dynamics of surface automorphisms. In this work, we provide an example of utilization of general formalism developed earlier. The complete exact solution of the model problem describing equilibrium dynamics of train tracks on the punctured torus is obtained. Being guided by similarities between the dynamics of two-dimensional liquid crystals and /2+1 gravity the partition function for gravity is mapped into that for the Farey spin chain. The Farey spin chain partition function, fortunately, is known exactly and has been thoroughly investigated recently. Accordingly, the transition between the pseudo-Anosov and the periodic dynamic regime (in Thurston's terminology) in the case of gravity is being reinterpreted in terms of phase transitions in the Farey spin chain whose partition function is just the ratio of two Riemann zeta functions. The mapping into the spin chain is facilitated by recognition of a special role of the Alexander polynomial for knots/links in study of dynamics of self-homeomorphisms of surfaces. At the end of paper, using some facts from the theory of arithmetic hyperbolic 3-manifolds (initiated by Bianchi in 1892), we develop systematic extension of the obtained results to noncompact Riemann surfaces of higher genus. Some of the obtained results are also useful for /3+1 gravity. In particular, using the theorem of Margulis, we provide new reasons for the black hole existence in the Universe: black holes make our Universe arithmetic, i.e. the discrete Lie groups of motion are arithmetic.

  20. Neuromechanical interference of posture on movement: evidence from Alexander technique teachers rising from a chair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cacciatore, Timothy W; Mian, Omar S; Peters, Amy; Day, Brian L

    2014-08-01

    While Alexander technique (AT) teachers have been reported to stand up by shifting weight gradually as they incline the trunk forward, healthy untrained (HU) adults appear unable to rise in this way. This study examines the hypothesis that HU have difficulty rising smoothly, and that this difficulty relates to reported differences in postural stiffness between groups. A wide range of movement durations (1-8 s) and anteroposterior foot placements were studied under the instruction to rise at a uniform rate. Before seat-off (SO) there were clear and profound performance differences between groups, particularly for slower movements, that could not be explained by strength differences. For each movement duration, HU used approximately twice the forward center-of-mass (CoM) velocity and vertical feet-loading rate as AT. For slow movements, HU violated task instruction by abruptly speeding up and rapidly shifting weight just before SO. In contrast, AT shifted weight gradually while smoothly advancing the CoM, achieving a more anterior CoM at SO. A neuromechanical model revealed a mechanism whereby stiffness affects standing up by exacerbating a conflict between postural and balance constraints. Thus activating leg extensors to take body weight hinders forward CoM progression toward the feet. HU's abrupt weight shift can be explained by reliance on momentum to stretch stiff leg extensors. AT's smooth rises can be explained by heightened dynamic tone control that reduces leg extensor resistance and improves force transmission across the trunk. Our results suggest postural control shapes movement coordination through a dynamic "postural frame" that affects the resistive behavior of the body. Copyright © 2014 the American Physiological Society.

  1. Project Alexander the Great: a study on the world proliferation of bioengineering/biomedical engineering education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-Faraj, Ziad O

    2008-01-01

    Bioengineering/Biomedical Engineering is considered amongst the most reputable fields within the global arena, and will likely be the primer for any future breakthroughs in Medicine and Biology. Bioengineering/biomedical engineering education has evolved since late 1950s and is undergoing advancement in leading academic institutions worldwide. This paper delineates an original study on the world proliferation of bioengineering/biomedical engineering education and bears the name 'Project Alexander the Great'. The initial step of the project was to survey all 10448 universities, recognized by the International Association of Universities, spread among the 193 member states of the United Nations within the six continents. The project aims at identifying, disseminating, and networking, through the world-wide-web, those institutions of higher learning that provide bioengineering/biomedical engineering education. The significance of this project is multifold: i) the inception of a web-based 'world-map' in bioengineering/biomedical engineering education for the potential international student desiring to pursue a career in this field; ii) the global networking of bioengineering/biomedical engineering academic/research programs; iii) the promotion of first-class bioengineering/biomedical engineering education and the catalysis of global proliferation of this field; iv) the erection of bridges among educational institutions, industry, and professional societies or organizations involved in Bioengineering/Biomedical Engineering; and v) the catalysis in the establishment of framework agreements for cooperation among the identified institutions offering curricula in this field. This paper presents the results obtained from Africa and North America. The whole project is due to be completed by 2009.

  2. Networking Knowledge. Considering Alexander von Humboldt’s Legacy in a New Shared Space in Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Lundberg

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Weltbürgerschaft und kulturelle Vielfalt sind überall gegenwärtige Konzepte im heutigen Bildungswesen. In den Vereinigten Staaten werden Lernziele und Kompetenzen geformt, um die Studenten gegenüber den vielen kulturellen Hintergründen, die in den Bildungsinstitutionen vorzutreffen sind, zu sensibilisieren.Trotzdem wird wahre Globalität, wie sie heute in den vielfältigen Diskursen und Perspektiven der Welt repräsentiert ist, immer noch in Lehrplänen und Studienarbeiten vernachlässigt. Dieser Artikel untersucht die Möglichkeiten, die sich heute im Bildungswesen durch den neuen, gemeinsam geteilten, globalen Bildungsraum anbieten, in dem die multikulturelle Studentenbevölkerung verschiedene Formen vernetzten Wissens und facettenreiche Perspektiven der Welt eine globale Plattform des Austausches bildet. Das von Alexander von Humboldt am Anfang des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts beschriebene universale Wissenschaftskonzept, beleuchtet solch einen vernetzten Ansatz an ein Wissen um die Welt, der auf heutige Bildungskonzepte und Kursdesigns einen positiven Einfluss nehmen könnte. Humboldts Schriften unterstreichen die Bedeutung der Inklusivität und des Wechselspiels zwischen Kulturen und Naturphänomenen. Indem wir Studenten mit unterschiedlichem kulturellen Hintergrundwissen dazu einladen, ihre jeweiligen Diskurse des Wissens aktiv zu repräsentieren, werden diese gegenseitig mit einander verknüpten Beziehungen des Wissens transparenter. Auf diese Weise, entsteht die Möglichkeit, heutige Lernziele mit neuen, produktiven Formen des Weltwissens zu berreichern, worin sich ein wahres Weltbürgertum, wie es sich in diesem neuen Bildungsraum des globalen Austausches hervortut, wiederspiegeln würde. Summary Global citizenship and diversity are well-represented concepts in today’s higher education. Learning outcomes and competencies are designed to sensitize students to the many cultural backgrounds of U.S. learning institutions

  3. Professor Peter Higgs: "My Life as a Boson"

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    Professor Peter Higgs played a key role in the development of the Standard Model, our current theory of fundamental physics. The search for the Higgs Boson is the centrepiece of the LHC programme at CERN, and the existence of this famously elusive particle is likely to be confirmed or refuted with data currently being collected, using apparatus partly designed at Bristol. Professor Higgs will introduce the ideas of spontaneous symmetry breaking, and discuss how these developed from their application in condensed matter through the earlier work of Yoichiro Nambu and Jeffrey Goldstone, to the work of Robert Brout, Francois Englert and himself in 1964. The subsequent application of these ideas to electroweak theory will be discussed briefly.

  4. An Outstanding Career: Professor Emeritus Iacob Cătoiu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavian Oprică

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Through the duration of his commissions of Deputy Dean (1981-1989 and, respectively, Dean (1992-2003, and also by the manner of approaching the managerial problems and his scientific extension, Professor Iacob Cătoiu left and indelible trace on the evolution of the former Department of Commerce in the Bucharest University of Economic Studies (ASE – now the Department of Business and Tourism. He is author or co-author of an important number of books (57 and articles (105 and book presentations. Thus, after he made the personal acquaintance with Philip Kotler, the guru of international marketing, in 1997, Professor Iacob Cătoiu wrote the Forward to the Romanian version of Philip Kotler's volume Managementul marketingului (Marketing Management a fundamental book in its field. (Nicolae Lupu

  5. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND EATING HABITS IN UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS: LITERATURE REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hector Luiz Rodrigues Munaro

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Increasingly, university professors engage in academic tasks often stressful and sedentary behaviors, making the practice of physical activity and healthier eating habits. The aim of this study was to review the literature Brazilian studies on physical activity and eating habits of university professors .The search was conducted between March and May 2013, in electronic databases. For the delimitation of the study, was used as descriptors: Physical Activity, University Teachers and Eating Habits. At the end of the article selection process, remaining 06 studies that have been described and discussed in the text. And all of a descriptive nature, with small samples with some robust and consistent methodology. The selected studies, regardless of their qualities, point to the need of this population to engage in more physical activity and healthy eating habits programs

  6. The University Professor View from the Communitarian Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Del Valle López

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The task of the university professor is a mission and not simply a profession and that is why higher education should be impregnated with values. Nowadays education is articulated into three areas: the State, the Market and the Volunteering, but no one of these three sectors by themselves has covered the needs of all the citizens, there have always been losers, therefore the conjunction of the three sectors became necessary. Communitarianism promotes an ethical-social pact that favors the progress of society without nullifying the individual dimension. It believes that the university is the space where a communitarian consciousness should be promoted to generate a social capital by means of education and it is a privilege place to substantiate the moral identity of the person beginning with the commitment of the professor with the university student.

  7. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND EATING HABITS IN UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS: LITERATURE REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hector Luiz Rodrigues Munaro

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Increasingly, university professors engage in academic tasks often stressful and sedentary behaviors, making the practice of physical activity and healthier eating habits. The aim of this study was to review the literature Brazilian studies on physical activity and eating habits of university professors .The search was conducted between March and May 2013, in electronic databases. For the delimitation of the study, was used as descriptors: Physical Activity, University Teachers and Eating Habits. At the end of the article selection process, remaining 06 studies that have been described and discussed in the text. And all of a descriptive nature, with small samples with some robust and consistent methodology. The selected studies, regardless of their qualities, point to the need of this population to engage in more physical activity and healthy eating habits programs.

  8. [The professor-student relationship in coping with dying].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinho, Líũcia Maria Oliveira; Barbosa, Maria Alves

    2010-03-01

    The new guidelines for undergraduate courses in the field of health care imply a need to prepare professionals to deal with life and death. To study death and dying in the context of nurse education means to contribute to the humanization of education and to preparing humanistic and critical professionals. We performed individual interviews with professors so that each could reveal their thoughts about experiencing death and dying in the educational relationship between nurse/professor and the nursing student in the hospital environment. Content analysis was performed using ideas close to those of Heidegger, revealing that education towards the concept and experience of death appears to be possible only if there is reflection regarding human existence, thoughts, and accepting finitude. By understanding one's own attitudes towards death and existence, it is possible to perceive possibilities in education for care in the death process.

  9. The university professor: integration between the personal and professional dimension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Javier BERMÚDEZ-APONTE

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In the first part of this article, the authors explain how the teaching role is affected by certain social and cultural changes, like the knowledge society emergence, the universities orientation towards marketing, the constant demand and pressure exerted on teachers to publish, the loss of the ethical sense in the academic activity and the disparity of tasks that are being assigned to the university professors. In view of the above, a comprehensive model, compound by two concepts –personal and professional– of a university professor is proposed; in fact, this model incorporates and summarises different contributions regarding this theme. Finally, this article aims to defend the need to understand the teaching role as a vocation, in the broadest sense of the word, a vocation carries the inclination to pursue an aim: the education of those students that teachers have in charge.

  10. [Analysis of professor WU Lianzhong's experience of neck acupoints application].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Jiandong; Zheng, Hongyan; Wang, Yingshu

    2015-09-01

    Professor WU Lianzhong's experience of neck acupoints application is introduced. The characteristics,locations, acupuncture manipulations ,efficiency and main functions of neck acupoints including Tiandixue (Extra), Jingbixue (Extra), and cervical Jiaji (EX-B 2) are stated. According to the TCM thought of treatment based on syndrome differentiation,WU Lianzhong's special theory of neck acupoints application is explained so as to provide experience for improving acupuncture effects.

  11. YouTube Professors Scholars as Online Video Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    2008-01-01

    This article takes a look at how professors are becoming the latest YouTube stars. The popularity of their appearances on YouTube and other video-sharing sites end up opening the classroom and making teaching--which once took place behind closed doors--a more public art. Web videos open a new form of public intellectualism to scholars looking to…

  12. YouTube Professors: Scholars as Online Video Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    2008-01-01

    This article takes a look at the rising popularity of professors as the latest YouTube stars. The popularity of their appearances on YouTube and other video-sharing sites is making it possible for classrooms to be opened up and making teaching--which once took place behind closed doors--a more public art. Web video has generated a new form of…

  13. Professor V. Weisskopf, CERN Director General (1961-1965)

    CERN Multimedia

    1962-01-01

    Well known theoretical physicist Victor Weisskopf has died aged 93. Born in Austria, he later worked with Schrodinger in Berlin before emigrating to the US in 1937, where he joined the Manhattan project in 1944, and was witness to the Trinity Test in July 1945. In 1946 he became professor of physics at MIT. He took leave of absence to be Director General of CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Physics, from 1961-1965.

  14. Professor Created On-line Biology Laboratory Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowman, Arthur W.

    2010-01-01

    This paper will share the creation, implementation, and modification of an online college level general biology laboratory course offered for non-science majors as a part of a General Education Curriculum. The ability of professors to develop quality online laboratories will address a growing need in Higher Education as more institutions combine course sections and look for suitable alternative course delivery formats due to declining departmental budgets requiring reductions in staffing, equipment, and supplies. Also, there is an equal or greater need for more professors to develop the ability to create online laboratory experiences because many of the currently available online laboratory course packages from publishers do not always adequately parallel on-campus laboratory courses, or are not as aligned with the companion lecture sections. From a variety of scientific simulation and animation web sites, professors can easily identify material that closely fit the specific needs of their courses, instructional environment, and students that they serve. All too often, on-campus laboratory courses in the sciences provide what are termed confirmation experiences that do NOT allow students to experience science as would be carried out by scientists. Creatively developed online laboratory experiences can often provide the type of authentic investigative experiences that are not possible on-campus due to the time constraints of a typical two-hour, once-per-week-meeting laboratory course. In addition, online laboratory courses can address issues related to the need for students to more easily complete missing laboratory assignments, and to have opportunities to extend introductory exercises into more advanced undertakings where a greater sense of scientific discovery can be experienced. Professors are strongly encourages to begin creating online laboratory exercises for their courses, and to consider issues regarding assessment, copyrights, and Intellectual Property

  15. Professors, principals and textbooks from the Midwifery school in Zadar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maksimović, Jovan; Maksimović, Marko

    2017-06-01

    Midwifery in Dalmatia was highly undeveloped at the beginning of the XIX century. The health report from 1813 suggested that there were only 48 midwives in the whole province, and none of them with a degree from the midwifery school. After abolishing the Central Schools ("Ecoles Centrales"), which were founded at the time of French reign, and which had the university range, the professors who stayed in Zadar continued their work and teaching in the Midwifery School, which was founded in 1820 according to the decision made by Emperor Franz I, and started working in 1821. Since the school was working continuously for the whole century, a lot of professors and principals passed through. Protomedicus of Dalmatia officially performed the duty of principals of the Midwifery School. Their life and work biographies were gathered in this paper. Although the newcomers were mostly illiterate, very contemporary and valuable textbooks were used at that time. The professors of this school wrote some of these textbooks. This paper analyses those textbooks from the current medical science and praxis point of view, which points out to its significance and contribution of its authors to the reputation that the School enjoyed at that time.

  16. Comunidades em processos formativos de professores de ciências

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willian Rubira da Silva

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos compreensões sobre as diferentes concepções de comunidade dentro do contexto da formação de professores de Ciências. Termos relacionados a comunidades no contexto de ensino e aprendizagem vem se tornando genéricos, dificultando compreensões de trabalhos da área no Brasil. Visualizamos a necessidade de significar concepções do termo em questão no contexto da sociologia e psicologia para então avançar nas compreensões mais abrangentes dentro da educação. Ampliamos o estudo com uma revisão dos trabalhos publicados nos anais do Encontro Nacional de Pesquisa em Educação em Ciências correlacionando a formação de professores com as perspectivas teórico-práticas de comunidades em contexto educacional. Escolhemos os anais deste evento por ser um ponto de debate entre os pesquisadores na área de Educação em Ciências e que, desta maneira, nos possibilitou sistematizar diferentes concepções de comunidades. Essas foram agrupadas em 7 categorias emergentes distintas por aspectos teórico-práticos utilizados nos processos formativos de professores de Ciências.

  17. What is the perceived impact of Alexander Technique lessons on health status, costs and pain management in the real life setting of an English hospital? The results of a mixed methods evaluation of an Alexander Technique service for those with chronic back pain

    OpenAIRE

    McClean, S.; Brilleman, S.; Wye, L.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Randomised controlled trial evidence indicates that Alexander Technique is clinically and cost effective for chronic back pain. The aim of this mixed methods evaluation was to explore the role and perceived impact of Alexander Technique lessons in the naturalistic setting of an acute hospital Pain Management Clinic in England.\\ud \\ud Methods: To capture changes in health status and resource use amongst service users, 43 service users were administered three widely used questionnai...

  18. Alexander disease in a dog: case presentation of electrodiagnostic, magnetic resonance imaging and histopathologic findings with review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wrzosek, Marcin; Giza, Elżbieta; Płonek, Marta; Podgórski, Przemysław; Vandevelde, Marc

    2015-05-19

    Alexander disease is a rare neurodegenerative disorder that has not often been described in dogs. None of the existing descriptions include electrodiagnostic or magnetic resonance imaging workup. This is the first presentation of the results of an electrodiagnostic evaluation including electromyography, motor nerve conduction velocity, F-wave, the brainstem auditory evoked response and magnetic resonance imaging of a dog with Alexander disease. A six month old male entire Bernese mountain dog was presented with central nervous system symptoms of generalized tremor, general stiffness, decreased proprioceptive positioning, a reduced menace response, decreased physiological nystagmus, myotonic spasms and increased spinal reflexes which progressed to lateral recumbency. The electromyography revealed normal muscle activity and a decreased motor nerve conduction velocity, temporal dispersion of the compound muscle action potential, prolonged F-wave minimal latency, lowered F-ratio, decreased latency, and lowered amplitude of the brainstem auditory evoked potentials. The magnetic resonance imaging examination revealed ventriculomegaly and linear hyperintensity on the border of the cortical grey and white matter. The histopathological examination confirmed the presence of diffuse degenerative changes of the white matter throughout the neuraxis. A proliferation of abnormal astrocytes was found at the border between the white matter and cortex. There was also a massive accumulation of eosinophilic Rosenthal fibers as well as diffuse proliferation of abnormally large astrocytes and unaffected neurons. This is the first histopathologically confirmed case of Alexander disease in a dog with a full neurological workup. The results of the electrodiagnostic and magnetic resonance imaging examinations allow for a high-probability antemortem diagnosis of this neurodegenerative disorder in dogs.

  19. Bokan Mountain peralkaline granitic complex, Alexander terrane (southeastern Alaska): evidence for Early Jurassic rifting prior to accretion with North America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dostal, Jaroslav; Karl, Susan M.; Keppie, J. Duncan; Kontak, Daniel J.; Shellnutt, J. Gregory

    2013-01-01

    The circular Bokan Mountain complex (BMC) on southern Prince of Wales Island, southernmost Alaska, is a Jurassic peralkaline granitic intrusion about 3 km in diameter that crosscuts igneous and metasedimentary rocks of the Alexander terrane. The BMC hosts significant rare metal (rare earth elements, Y, U, Th, Zr, and Nb) mineralization related to the last stage of BMC emplacement. U–Pb (zircon) and 40Ar/39Ar (amphibole and whole-rock) geochronology indicates the following sequence of intrusive activity: (i) a Paleozoic basement composed mainly of 469 ± 4 Ma granitic rocks; (ii) intrusion of the BMC at 177 ± 1 Ma followed by rapid cooling through ca. 550 °C at 176 ± 1 Ma that was synchronous with mineralization associated with vertical, WNW-trending pegmatites, felsic dikes, and aegirine–fluorite veins and late-stage, sinistral shear deformation; and (iii) intrusion of crosscutting lamprophyre dikes at >150 Ma and again at ca. 105 Ma. The peralkaline nature of the BMC and the WNW trend of associated dikes suggest intrusion during NE–SW rifting that was followed by NE–SW shortening during the waning stages of BMC emplacement. The 177 Ma BMC was synchronous with other magmatic centres in the Alexander terrane, such as (1) the Dora Bay peralkaline stock and (2) the bimodal Moffatt volcanic suite located ∼30 km north and ∼100 km SE of the BMC, respectively. This regional magmatism is interpreted to represent a regional extensional event that precedes deposition of the Late Jurassic – Cretaceous Gravina sequence that oversteps the Wrangellia and Alexander exotic accreted terranes and the Taku and Yukon–Tanana pericratonic terranes of the Canadian–Alaskan Cordillera.

  20. Impact of the Alexander technique on well-being: a randomised controlled trial involving older adults with visual impairment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleeson, Michael; Sherrington, Catherine; Lo, Serigne; Auld, Robin; Keay, Lisa

    2017-11-01

    Older adults with visual loss have high rates of depression, restricted participation and reduced quality of life. We sought to measure the impact of lessons in the Alexander technique on vision-related emotional and social well-being, as secondary outcomes to a study on improving physical functioning in this population. This is a single-blind randomised controlled trial. One hundred and twenty community-dwelling adults aged 50 to 90 years with visual impairments were randomised to either 12 Alexander lessons over 12 weeks and usual care or usual care. The Perceived Visual Ability Scale, the Keele Assessment of Participation, the emotional subscale of the Impact of Vision Impairment Profile, the Positive and Negative Affect Scale and the five-item Geriatric Depression Scale were administered at baseline and three and 12 months. Participants were receiving services from Guide Dogs NSW/ACT. None of the validated questionnaires found statistically significant improvements after adjustment for baseline at three or 12 months, although the emotional subscale of the Impact of Vision Impairment approached significance in favour of the intervention group (4.54 points, 95 per cent CI: -0.14 to 9.21, p = 0.06). Depressive symptoms were prevalent and associated with greater impact of visual impairment on emotional well-being (odds ratio: 1.12, 95 per cent CI: 1.07 to 1.17, p Alexander technique on social and emotional well-being, although the emotional impact of visual impairment showed a trend toward less distress in the intervention group. Our data found that emotional distress associated with visual impairment influences depressive symptoms but contrary to expectations, the level of social support received was not significant. Additionally, gait speed is a significant predictor of depressive symptoms, suggesting that general mobility is of importance to the well-being of older adults with visual impairments. © 2017 Optometry Australia.

  1. Counseling and Psychotherapy Transcripts, Client Narratives, and Reference Works. A User’s Guide from Alexander Street Press

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Представлено руководство по работе в базe Counseling and Psychotherapy Transcripts, Client Narratives, and Reference Works на английском языке издательства Alexander Street Press.

  2. The Grothendieck festschrift a collection of articles written in honor of the 60th birthday of Alexander Grothendieck

    CERN Document Server

    Cartier, Pierre; Katz, Nicholas; Manin, Yuri; Illusie, Luc; Laumon, Gérard; Ribet, Kenneth

    2009-01-01

    This three-volume work contains articles collected on the occasion of Alexander Grothendieck's sixtieth birthday and originally published in 1990. The articles were offered as a tribute to one of the world's greatest living mathematicians. Many of the groundbreaking contributions in these volumes contain material that is now considered foundational to the subject. Topics addressed by these top-notch contributors match the breadth of Grothendieck's own interests, including: functional analysis, algebraic geometry, algebraic topology, number theory, representation theory, K-theory, category theo

  3. Trasmigrazione di piante trasferimenti di concetti: la lettura scientifica ed estetica del paesaggio sud americano in Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Di Bartolo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The institution of plant geography as a science in Alexander von Humboldt implies for the first time the emergence of concept of migration concerning plants and animals. But plant geography and the study on vegetation in Humboldt’s books aims to conjugate various natural sciences in order to reach an understanding of the geographical distribution of vegetation. A new approach in South American analysis, connected with an aestethic lecture of Tropical lands of New Word, redefines the idea of “New” thanks to use of analogic concepts based on science and European aestethic lexicon.

  4. Alexander von Humboldt” als Name für Forschungsschiffe vor dem Hintergrund seiner meereskundlichen Arbeiten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Kortum

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstract in English. A. v. Humboldt as a Name of Research VesselsA number of special purpose vessels in the world carried or carry the name of Alexander von Humboldt, who had substantial interests in oceanography. However, most of his marine texts are scattered over his major works, and he never finished his manuscript on ocean circulation. But there is a general agreement that A. v. Humboldt was one of the pioneers of marine sciences. He made his own observations on the sailing vessels he used on his expedition to the Neotropics, mainly concerning sea surface temperatures. In 2002 there was a discussion in Germany about the name of a new research vessel which is going to be commissioned in the summer of 2004. It was suggested by the science community to take the name of „Alexander von Humboldt“ again, as the new vessel is replacing a medium-sized ship with this name operated now by the Baltic Sea Research Institute in Rostock-Warnemünde. This vessel has been in service from 1970 to 1990 for the Academy of Sciences of the former German Democratic Republic. The first German research vessel „Alexander von Humboldt“ was a fishing trawler (1939. Furthermore, Peru and Mexico operate research vessels bearing Humboldt’s name. The best known „Alexander von Humboldt“ is an ocean going sailing ship of the International Sail Training Association, based in Bremen. She is engaged in educational programmes and went the South America in 1999 following Humboldt’s route. Thus, Humboldt’s marine legacy is preserved. The proposal to use the undisputed name of this great all-round scientist for the new German vessel under construction now was not successful. A high-ranking jury decided to prefer “Maria Sibylla Merian” (1647-1717, which was suggested by a young student in a nation-wide competition to find a name. As Humboldt 100 years later, she went to South America to study plants and other fields of natural history.

  5. The Synaxarion Redaction of the Life of St. Alexander Svirsky: A Reconstruction of the Early Stages of the Text History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra E. Soboleva

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper addresses the problems of the attribution and the geographical and chronological origins of the synaxarion redaction of the Life of St. Alexander Svirsky; it relies on textological, codicological, and palaeographic analysis of the surviving manuscripts. The author draws some conclusions about the formation of the regional variants of this medieval hagiographic text. Alexander Svirsky was the only Christian saint who was honored by receiving a manifestation of the Holy Trinity; this occurred in 1508. He founded the monastery of the Holy Trinity and was its archpriest until his dormition in 1533. The Life of Alexander Svirsky was written in 1545 by Herodion Kochnev, one of the saint’s acolytes, at the directive of Metropolitan Macarius for the Great Menaion Reader. The Life of St. Alexander Svirsky survives in a large number of copies— about 200—from the 16th and 17th centuries. Only nine of these copies show the text variant that the author of this study calls “the synaxarion variant”; they appear in synaxaria from the second half of the 16th and the beginning of the 17th centuries. Word-by-word text comparison allows one to conclude that these nine copies fall into three different redactions, each reflecting Herodion’s text. All three redactions originate from different areas, and they differ in subject matter and in the methods of elaboration of the Menaion text. On the one hand, this confirms that obviously there was a great need for this kind of text; on the other hand, it acknowledges the absence of a norm by means of which such texts might be compiled. The first, earliest, synaxarion redaction survives in seven copies, including one of the earliest copies of the Life, which dates back to 1549, according to a note by the scribe. It might have been created soon after Herodion’s text for the Great Menaion Reader to coincide with Alexander’s canonization in 1547. Despite the small number of surviving copies, this

  6. Volume celebrating the 60th birthday of Professor Dr. Franz Fie; Professor Dr. Franz Fiedler zum 60. Geburtstag

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beheng, K.D. [ed.

    1998-01-01

    This report was compiled in honor of Professor Dr. Franz Fiedler on the occasion of his 60th birthday on 7 January 1998. Its contributions deal with mesoscale modelling, the propagation of air pollutants, measurements of precipitation using radar, and prediction models. (orig./KW) [Deutsch] Dieser Bericht wurde aus Anlass des 60. Geburtstags von Herrn Prof. Dr. Franz Fiedler am 7. Januar 1998 zusammengestellt. Die Beitraege behandeln mesoskalige Modellierung, Ausbreitung von Luftschadstoffen, Niederschlagsmessung mit Radar und Vorhersagemodelle. (orig.)

  7. Connecting the New World. Nets, mobility and progress in the Age of Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moritz von Brescius

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Dieser Artikel untersucht das Verhältnis zwischen den revolutionären technologischen Neuerungen des 19. Jahrhunderts und dem Leben und Wirken Alexander von Humboldts (1769-1859. Dabei wird gefragt, wie Humboldt versuchte, die neuen und sprichwörtlich bahnbrechenden Kommunikations- und Transporttechnologien seiner Zeit zu nutzen, um den amerikanischen Kontinent in globale kommerzielle und kulturelle Austauschprozesse zu integrieren. Jüngere Forschungen zu Humboldts amerikanischer Expedition (1799-1804 haben behauptet, dass seine Beschreibungen Südamerikas den Kontinent für zahlreiche „transformative interventions“ (Pratt von Seiten europäischer Kapitalisten und Investoren zugänglich gemacht hätten. Diese Studien haben jedoch nicht analysiert, aus welchen Motiven heraus Humboldt diese Eingriffe in die Natur unterstützte. Darüber hinaus wurde nicht der zentralen Frage nachgegangen, welche Rolle diese Projekte in Humboldts eigener Auffassung über die Kräfte des gesellschaftlichen Fortschritts gespielt haben. Um Humboldts Unterstützung für tiefgreifende Eingriffe in die Natur Amerikas nachvollziehen zu können, analysiert dieser Artikel zunächst, welche Rolle der „Geodeterminismus“ und die Fortschrittstheorien der Aufklärung in seinem Verständnis von zivilisatorischer Entwicklung spielten. Dabei sollen solche Beispiele menschlicher Interventionen in die Natur Amerikas untersucht werden, die Humboldt selbst aktiv förderte – nicht zuletzt, da sie geeignet schienen, „natürliche“ Barrieren für gesellschaftliche Austauschprozesse zu beseitigen. Dies waren vor allem die Nutzung von Dampfschiffen, elektrischer Telegrafie, Eisenbahnen und großangelegten Kanalprojekten, deren gebündelte Effekte zu einer signifikanten Beschleunigung von Welthandel und Kommunikationsprozessen führten. Diese zeitgenössischen Innovationen sollen mit den vier Motiven „Netz“, „Mobilität“, „Fortschritt“ und

  8. [Follow-up and genetic study of 43 Chinese children with type Ⅰ Alexander disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ban, T T; Wu, Y; Zhang, Z B; Zang, L L; Wang, J M; Jiang, Y W

    2017-07-02

    Objective: To identify the clinical and genetic characteristics in 43 Chinese children diagnosed with type Ⅰ Alexander disease (AxD). Method: Forty-three type Ⅰ AxD cases identified by glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene mutations in Peking University First Hospital from 2005 to 2016 were followed up. The data of medical history, physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were collected. All these patients were followed up in December 2010, Febury 2012, June 2014 and January 2016, respectively. Result: Forty-three patients were genetically confirmed as type I AxD and the median age at the last visit was 11.71 years (10.27, 13.15). The characteristic clinical manifestations of these type Ⅰ AxD patients were developmental delay (79%, 34/43), seizures (86%, 37/43), macrocephaly (the median percentile of head circumference is 90%), and paroxysmal deterioration (27%, 13/43). All the 43 patients' brain MRI satisfied typical MRI features proposed by van der Knaap. According to the analysis of the long-term follow-up, patients with type Ⅰ AxD began to have obvious regression in motor function after 7 years of age, and the social life ability was milally impaired 8(6, 10)scores at the last follow-up. Seventeen heterozygous missense mutations of GFAP were identified in 43 genetically confirmed patients, and 4 mutations were novel. The mutations in 41 patients (95%, 41/43) were de novo. Three hot spots of mutation in Chinese patients were found: p. Arg239(35%, 15/34), p. Arg79 (26%, 11/43) and p. R88 (16%, 7/43). Conclusion: The characteristic clinical manifestations of type Ⅰ AxD patients are developmental delay, seizures, macrocephaly and paroxysmal deterioration. Moreover, a few patients may present with brain stem symptoms, mental abnormalities, scoliosis or kyphosis. Patients with type Ⅰ AxD may show significant regression in motor function after 7 years of age.

  9. Alexander Mikhailovich Zakharov and his works on the venom apparatus and venoms of some poisonous snakes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cherlin Vladimir Alexandrovich

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The article gives brief biographical information about a very talented herpetologist Alexander M. Zakharov, and describes the general results of his works on the structure and function of venom glands of some poisonous snakes and their venoms. In his studies, he got the results, which are fundamentally different from the conventional concept of 30s - 70s of the XX century. Unfortunately, among physicians this concept has not changed up today. At that time it was thought that the poisons of Viperidae snakes are almost completely hemotoxic, and poisons of Elapidae (cobra are almost neurotoxic. But A.M.Zaharov found out, that poisons of both types of snakes (Viperidae and Elapidae include three groups of substances: hemotoxins, neurotoxins and non-toxic component – hyaluronidase. Each of these groups of substances is produced by independent part of venom glands and has its own special effect. Neurotoxins act on the central nervous system (mainly the respiratory center, but are greatly destroyed by means of the blood antigen properties and cannot pass through the hematoencephalic barrier. Hyaluronidase , connecting with neurotoxins, has an important property – to "smuggle" neurotoxins through the hematoencephalic barrier exactly into the target organ – the respiratory center in the central nervous system. In this case, neurotoxin enters the respiratory center not through the blood and lymph vessels, but directly through the nerve channel, through synapsis. The main function of hemotoxins is not to kill the victim, but to protect neurotoxins and hyaluronidase from the destructive activity of the victim's blood. Therefore, the target of the poisons of Viperidae and Elapidae snakes is the central nervous system of victims, but Elapidae has almost no hemotoxins. That’s why their striking effect can be achieved only by a strong increase in the amount of neurotoxins and hyaluronidase. Hemotoxins of Viperidae venoms permits to reduce the amount of

  10. Adult-onset Alexander disease: a series of eleven unrelated cases with review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pareyson, Davide; Fancellu, Roberto; Mariotti, Caterina; Romano, Silvia; Salmaggi, Andrea; Carella, Francesco; Girotti, Floriano; Gattellaro, Grazietta; Carriero, Maria Rita; Farina, Laura; Ceccherini, Isabella; Savoiardo, Mario

    2008-09-01

    Alexander disease (AD) in its typical form is an infantile lethal leucodystrophy, characterized pathologically by Rosenthal fibre accumulation. Following the identification of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene as the causative gene, cases of adult-onset AD (AOAD) are being described with increasing frequency. AOAD has a different clinical and neuroradiological presentation with respect to early-onset AD, as abnormalities are mainly concentrated in the brainstem-spinal cord junction. We report detailed clinical and genetic data of 11 cases of AOAD, observed over a 4-year period, and a review of the previously reported 25 cases of genetically confirmed AOAD. In our series, onset occurred as late as age 62, and up to 71 in an affected deceased relative. Most cases appeared sporadic, but family history may be misleading. The most frequent symptoms were related to bulbar dysfunction-with dysarthria, dysphagia, dysphonia (seven patients)-, pyramidal involvement (seven patients) and cerebellar ataxia (seven patients). Four patients had palatal myoclonus. Sleep disorders were also observed (four cases). Bulbar symptoms, however, were infrequent at onset and two symptomatic patients had an almost pure pyramidal involvement. Two subjects were asymptomatic. Misdiagnosis at presentation was frequent and MRI was instrumental in suggesting the correct diagnosis by showing, in all cases, mild to severe atrophy of the medulla oblongata extending caudally to the cervical spinal cord. In ten patients, molecular studies revealed six novel missense mutations and three previously reported changes in GFAP. The last typical patient carried no definitely pathogenic mutation, but a missense variant (p.D157N), supposedly a rare polymorphism. Revision of the literature and the present series indicate that the clinical picture is not specific, but AOAD must be considered in patients of any age with lower brainstem signs. When present, palatal myoclonus is strongly suggestive

  11. Graduate Student Attitudes toward Professor Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Transformational Teaching Practices, Student-Professor Engagement in Learning, and Student Deep Learning in Worldwide Business and Education Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Economos, Jennifer Lynn

    2013-01-01

    Some professors are expected to remain competitive research scholars, as well as teach, particularly in research-intensive universities. It has been argued that some professors spend too much time on research to obtain institutional incentives or promotion, and not enough time on teaching. Consequently, some adjuncts assume the responsibility for…

  12. EDITORIAL: 65th Birthday of Professor Hauptmann 65th Birthday of Professor Hauptmann

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucklum, Ralf

    2009-12-01

    The papers in this special feature have been contributed by scientific partners in international research projects and from former PhD students of the Editor-in-Chief of this journal, Professor Dr Peter Hauptmann. The motivation for this feature is the occasion of Peter Hauptmann's 65th birthday on 24 July 2009 and his retirement from his chair at the Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg, Germany this autumn. Peter graduated in Physics at the Technical University Dresden and received his PhD from the Technical University Leuna-Merseburg in 1973. He habilitated in 1979. With his appointment at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology in 1985 the Chair of Measurement Science extended its profile to the fast growing area of sensors. Peter was one of the very early developers of ultrasonic sensor systems for process monitoring and quality assurance. The working style here was characteristic of all his future activities. He combined his background in theory and experiment on ultrasonic wave propagation and its application to material science with the advantages of rapidly developing capabilities in microelectronics and data processing. The results have meanwhile found their way into products that are now on the market worldwide. Germany's reunification opened the door to the international sensor community and the most challenging sensor research areas. Peter Hauptmann very soon became a well respected colleague and was consequently appointed as member of the Technical Program Committee of the most important sensor conferences, elected member and head of expert groups of research associations and funding organizations, and of course reviewer of many scientific journals. Nowadays Peter Hauptmann can rightly be called one of the key players in the area of sensors. Professor Hauptmann's research interests combine fundamental aspects of the sensor transduction scheme with application issues up to the use of the sensor system in the industrial world

  13. Teachers of the Alexander Technique in the UK and the people who take their lessons: A national cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eldred, J; Hopton, A; Donnison, E; Woodman, J; MacPherson, H

    2015-06-01

    Given the rising profile of the Alexander Technique in the UK, there is a need for a comprehensive description of its teachers and of those who currently take lessons. In a national survey of Alexander teachers, we set out to address this information gap. A cross-sectional survey of 871 UK members of three main Alexander Technique teachers' professional associations was conducted. A questionnaire requested information about their professional background, teaching practice and methods, and about the people who attend lessons and their reasons for seeking help. With an overall response rate of 61%, 534 teachers responded; 74% were female with median age of 58 years, 60% had a higher education qualification, and 95% were self-employed, many with additional non-Alexander paid employment. The majority (87%) offered lessons on their own premises or in a privately rented room, and 19% provided home visits; both individual and group lessons were provided. People who took lessons were predominantly female (66%) with a median age of 48 years, and 91% paid for their lessons privately. Nearly two-thirds (62%) began lessons for reasons related to musculoskeletal conditions, including back symptoms, posture, neck pain, and shoulder pain. Other reasons were general (18%, including well-being), performance-related (10%, including voice-, music-, and sport-related), psychological (5%) and neurological (3%). We estimate that Alexander teachers in the UK provide approximately 400,000 lessons per year. This study provides an overview of Alexander Technique teaching in the UK today and data that may be useful when planning future research. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. [Analysis of the plaster casts of Class II division 1 non-extraction patients treated with Alexander technique].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Tian; Wei, Song; Zhou, Yan-heng

    2013-09-01

    To investigate the changes of arch width and arch length in Class II division 1 non-extraction patients treated with Alexander technique. Dental casts of 21 Class II division 1 non-extraction patients treated with Alexander appliance were taken before (T1) and after treatment (T2). All the casts were laser scanned. The arch width and arch length were digitally measured. The differences of arch width and arch length between T1 and T2 were recorded and analyzed. The upper arch length decreased from (32.82 ± 2.51) mm to (31.97 ± 2.17) mm (P < 0.05). The lower arch length increased from (27.53 ± 2.61) mm to (28.80 ± 1.81) mm (P < 0.05). The intercanine width in the upper arch changed significantly from T1 to T2. The intermolar width in the upper and lower arches increased significantly from T1 to T2. Class II division 1 non-extraction patients could be treated successfully by increasing the upper arch width.

  15. „Vater einer großen Nachkommenschaft von Forschungsreisenden ...“ Ehrungen Alexander von Humboldts im Jahre 1869

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilse Jahn

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and GermanIn 1869 the “Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein” was founded in Magdeburg (Saxony Anhalt. That was the time when the scientific world celebrated Alexander von Humboldt’s 100th birthday. In this context, Humboldt’s achievements were remembered during the founding ceremony of that society. The paper which was read in September 2003 on a meeting of this organisation, focuses on three famous naturalists who celebrated Humboldt because they owed him much help in their own professional careers. The botanist Matthias Jacob Schleiden gave a memorial speech in 1869 in Dresden. The physiologist and pioneer of electro-biology Emil du Bois-Reymond honoured his mentor A. v. Humboldt on the occasion of the dedication of the statues of Wilhelm and Alexander in 1883 in Berlin. Charles Darwin expressed his gratitude to Humboldt by sending him in 1839 the report of his travels and received an interesting reply. These three scholars represented a new epoch in the development of the natural sciences. The paper includes a recently re-discovered letter from Humboldt to Schleiden, dated April 13, 1842.

  16. Recasting the Significant: The Transcultural Memory of Alexander von Humboldt’s Visit to Philadelphia and Washington, D.C.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James F. Howell

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Alexander von Humboldt was internationally known as a world traveler, having collected data and analyzed samples from five of the world’s seven continents. He spoke several languages fluently, and split most of his adult life between the cosmopolitan centers of Berlin and Paris. The great deal of time Humboldt spent in Latin America, along with his staunch belief in human equality, led to his reverence in those countries. Indeed, Humboldt was a world citizen in the truest sense of the word. But what of the United States? What claim can this nation make to the heritage and legacy of the world-exploring baron? A brief stop in Philadelphia and Washington, D.C. at the end of Humboldt’s expedition to the equatorial regions of the Americas seems to suffice. This short stay, along with the Humboldt-Jefferson correspondence, constitutes the great American link in Humboldt studies, a link whose nature and importance has, over the years, received an exaggerated amount of attention from authors writing for an American audience. The following analysis, using the tools of transcultural memory studies, investigates why this relatively insignificant event in a long and storied life assumes an inflated role in current accounts of the life and work of Alexander von Humboldt.

  17. The metallogeny of Late Triassic rifting of the Alexander terrane in southeastern Alaska and northwestern British Columbia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, C.D.; Premo, W.R.; Meier, A.L.; Taggart, J.E.

    2008-01-01

    A belt of unusual volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) occurrences is located along the eastern margin of the Alexander terrane throughout southeastern Alaska and northwestern British Columbia and exhibits a range of characteristics consistent with a variety of syngenetic to epigenetic deposit types. Deposits within this belt include Greens Creek and Windy Craggy, the economically most significant VMS deposit in Alaska and the largest in North America, respectively. The occurrences are hosted by a discontinuously exposed, 800-km-long belt of rocks that consist of a 200- to 800-m-thick sequence of conglomerate, limestone, marine elastic sedimentary rocks, and tuff intercalated with and overlain by a distinctive unit of mafic pyroclastic rocks and pillowed flows. Faunal data bracket the age of the host rocks between Anisian (Middle Triassic) and late Norian (late Late Triassic). This metallogenic belt is herein referred to as the Alexander Triassic metallogenic belt. The VMS occurrences show systematic differences in degree of structural control, chemistry, and stratigraphic setting along the Alexander Triassic metallogenic belt that suggest important spatial or temporal changes in the tectonic environment of formation. At the southern end of the belt, felsic volcanic rocks overlain by shallow-water limestones characterize the lower part of the sequence. In the southern and middle portion of the belt, a distinctive pebble conglomerate marks the base of the section and is indicative of high-energy deposition in a near slope or basin margin setting. At the northern end of the belt the conglomerates, limestones, and felsic volcanic rocks are absent and the belt is composed of deep-water sedimentary and mafic volcanic rocks. This northward change in depositional environment and lithofacies is accompanied by a northward transition from epithermal-like structurally controlled, discontinuous, vein- and pod-shaped, Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba-(Cu) occurrences with relatively simple mineralogy

  18. Fatores associados a patologias de pregas vocais em professores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Lima de Souza

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar fatores associados à prevalência do diagnóstico médico referido de patologias das pregas vocais em professores. MÉTODOS: Estudo epidemiológico transversal, censitário, com 4.495 professores da rede pública municipal de ensino elementar e fundamental de Salvador, BA, de março a abril de 2006. A variável dependente foi o diagnóstico médico referido de patologias das pregas vocais e as independentes, características sociodemográficas, atividade profissional, organização do trabalho/relações interpessoais, características físicas do ambiente de trabalho, freqüência de transtornos mentais comuns, medida pelo Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20 >7 e condições de saúde geral. Foram aplicadas técnicas de análise estatística descritiva, bivariada e regressão logística múltipla. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de diagnóstico médico referido de patologias das pregas vocais foi de 18,9%. Na análise de regressão logística, as variáveis que permaneceram associadas ao diagnóstico médico de patologia das pregas vocais foram: sexo feminino, trabalhar como professor por mais de sete anos, uso intensivo da voz, referir mais de cinco características desfavoráveis do ambiente físico de trabalho, uma ou mais doenças do trato respiratório, perda auditiva e apresentar transtornos mentais comuns. CONCLUSÕES: A presença de patologias das pregas vocais referidas associou-se a fatores que indicam a necessidade de ações de promoção da saúde vocal do professor e modificações na organização e estrutura do trabalho docente.

  19. Professor Borje Kullenberg (1906-1991): Biography and bibliography

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sengupta, R.; Eriksson, G.

    was undisturbed, the “vacuum principle” was omitted and the “piston principle” and “free-fall principle”, were combined, utilising the enormous hydrostatic pressures at great ocean depths. Thus the piston corer, capable of collecting sediment cores up to 20 m... in the artillery he had to criss-cross Sweden many times on skis on important missions. No wonder he had a strong physique throughout his life! After the cessation of hostilities, all the flaws of the piston corer were rectified and a cruise 2 Professor Biirje...

  20. PROFESSOR DR. ION PIŞOTA (1925 – 2008)

    OpenAIRE

    Liliana ZAHARIA

    2009-01-01

    Professor Ion Pişota was born on June 6, 1925, in Hrupiştea, a small settlement in Greek Macedonia, from where he and his family came to Romania in 1927, where he got Romanian citizenship. Between 1941 and 1945, he attended the Tulcea Boys High School and later on, in 1947 he entered the Faculty of Geology – Geography at the University of Bucharest, where he continued to excel until 1951, when he graduated. In the fall of 1950, he took up a tutor position in the field of Hydrolgy at the same ...

  1. The Forgetful Professor and the Space Biology Adventure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massa, Gioia D.; Jones, Wanda; Munoz, Angela; Santora, Joshua

    2014-01-01

    This video was created as one of the products of the 2013 ISS Faculty Fellows Summer Program. Our High School science teacher faculty fellows developed this video as an elementary/middle school education component. The video shows a forgetful professor who is trying to remember something, and along the journey she learns more about the space station, space station related plant science, and the Kennedy Space Center. She learns about the Veggie hardware, LED lighting for plant growth, the rotating garden concept, and generally about space exploration and the space station. Lastly she learns about the space shuttle Atlantis.

  2. [Preliminary study on Professor SUN Liu-he's academic thought].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Guo-Sheng; Zhang, Jing-Feng

    2005-07-01

    Professor SUN Liu-he has been engaged in scientific research, clinical and teaching works for tens years and he is a meticulous scholar with great learning, rich clinical experience and great theoretical attainments. In clinical practice of many years, he summarizes and develops Kangai Plaster, Kangai Fushui Plaster, Ai tong Ling Plaster, and so on for acupoint sticking to treat tumors, and establishes Nu-needle hot-reinforcing method and Ti-Yun reducing method, enriching contents of needling methods, and he is good at application of specific points, established points and channel acupoints to treat refractory diseases with good results.

  3. Comunidades em processos formativos de professores de ciências

    OpenAIRE

    Willian Rubira da Silva; Valmir Heckler

    2017-01-01

    Apresentamos compreensões sobre as diferentes concepções de comunidade dentro do contexto da formação de professores de Ciências. Termos relacionados a comunidades no contexto de ensino e aprendizagem vem se tornando genéricos, dificultando compreensões de trabalhos da área no Brasil. Visualizamos a necessidade de significar concepções do termo em questão no contexto da sociologia e psicologia para então avançar nas compreensões mais abrangentes dentro da educação. Ampliamos o estudo com uma ...

  4. A biographical note on Marcel Proust's Professor Cottard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearn, John; Gardner-Thorpe, Christopher

    2003-05-01

    A medical practitioner, Professor Cottard, features in Marcel Proust's A la recherche du temps perdu, which has been described as one of the supreme achievements of world literature. Proust modelled the character of Cottard on the real-life Parisian neurologist and psychiatrist Dr Jules Cotard (1840-1889). Marcel Proust's father, Dr Adrien Proust, was an eminent Parisian surgeon and a contemporary of Cotard. A review of the biographical literature (in French) relating to Dr Jules Cotard and an analysis of his published work (in English and French) have revealed a striking parallelism between the lives of the fictional Cottard and Jules Cotard.

  5. Alexander von Humboldt brachte Guano nach Europa - mit ungeahnten globalen Folgen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bärbel Rott

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Die vorliegende Abhandlung beschäftigt sich mit einem bisher wenig beachteten Aspekt von Humboldts Amerikanischer Reise (1799─1804. Während seine Studien der Pflanzen- und Tierwelt bis heute große Aufmerksamkeit genießen, wird Humboldts Beitrag zu der Entwicklung der modernen Landwirtschaft wenig beachtet. Während seines Aufenthalts in Lima erhielt er Proben von Guano, Vogelmist von den Chincha-Inseln vor der peruanischen Küste. Einige Proben, die er von dieser Reise zurückbrachte, wurden von Wissenschaftlern in Frankreich und Deutschland untersucht. Die Analysenergebnisse zeigten außerordentlich hohe Gehalte an Pflanzennährstoffen, insbesondere Stickstoff und Phosphor. In den folgenden Jahrzehnten wurde Guano zu einem bedeutsamen Düngemittel und Auslöser eines Booms in Europa und Peru. Die Auswirkungen dieser Entwicklung sind bis heute sichtbar und werden hier unter besonderer Beachtung von Phosphor beschrieben. Abstract One aspect of Humboldt’s travel to South America (1799─1804 received little attention. The fascination of his studies of the South American flora and fauna is unbroken to the present day. Yet Humboldt’s contribution to modern agriculture remains almost unnoticed. During his stay in Lima Humboldt received samples of guano, a mixture of bird droppings from the Chincha Islands off the Peruvian coast, which he took to Europe and had analyzed by the most famous chemists in France and Germany. The results showed outstanding fertilizing effects, in particular due to the high content of nitrogen and phosphorus. The ensuing boom starting from the 1840s influenced agriculture in Europe and the economy of Peru seriously. Some aspects of this historical development may give an idea of the ensuing change not only in agriculture. Résumé Il y a un aspect du voyage de Alexander von Humboldt en Amérique du Sud (1799─1804 qui jusqu’à présent a été peu considéré. Ses études de la flore at le da

  6. Transactional sex and sexual harassment between professors and students at an urban university in Benin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eller, Amanda

    2016-07-01

    This paper adds to discussion of transactional sex relationships in Africa by examining the distinction between transactional sex and sexual harassment in the context of professor-student relationships and their inherent power dynamics. By exploring the ways in which female university students in urban Benin toe the line between empowered agent and victim, I show how the power differential between professor and student obstructs the professor's ability to objectively determine consent, and examine why, in spite of this differential, male professors are frequently perceived as the victims of these relationships. Ethnographic data were gathered through participant observation on a public university campus in Benin and in-depth interviews and focus groups with 34 students and 5 professors from that university. Findings suggest that the problem of sexual harassment on campus will be difficult to address so long as transactional sex relationships between professors and students are permitted to continue.

  7. [Professor as a facilitating agent of the teaching learning process: perspective of the nursing student].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semim, Gabriela Maschio; Souza, Maria Conceição Bernardo de Mello; Corrêa, Adriana Kátia

    2009-09-01

    This study aimed at analyzing how the undergraduate student perceives professor's performance in the teaching-learning process, in courses using the critical pedagogy and dialogical competence approach, in the Nursing Bachelor's Program, from 2005 to 2006. An instrument for the assessment of the professors performance was used and answers from 142 students were analyzed. Through thematic analysis, the following meaning units were outlined approaching the teaching-learning process, professor/student relationship and evaluation. For most students, professors who stimulate the critical-reflexive process, coherent with the problem-solving methodology, facilitate the teaching-learning process. For others, this process is facilitated when the professor is more demanding in contrast with the problem-solving approach. The professor-student relationship was facilitated by the establishment of bonds. Students did few comments about evaluation, indicating the need of a formative evaluation, which is a work in progress.

  8. Surdez, políticas inclusivas e professores turistas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda de Camargo Machado

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo provém de uma pesquisa que teve como foco as políticas públicas com acento na formação de professores de surdos no regime inclusivo. A analítica aproxima-se no arcabouço teórico-metodológico dos Estudos da Governamentalidade, propostos por Michel Foucault, tomando as noções de "dispositivo" e "governamentalidade" como alavancas para a compreensão do papel e atuação do docente de surdos nas políticas inclusivas. Os documentos selecionados para a investigação são materiais/cartilhas/coleções destinadas aos professores da Educação Infantil e Ensino Fundamental das escolas comuns, no sentido de orientá-los quanto à inclusão educacional de surdos. Este empreendimento analítico apontou a utilização de técnicas que produzem no docente de surdos um perfil profissional conveniente aos anseios neoliberais, de controle e produtividade.

  9. Dificuldades no relacionamento professor/aluno: um desafio a superar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábia Moreira Squarça Cabral

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O relacionamento professor - aluno é um tema que vem sendo investigado, através de diferentes estratégias metodológicas. Este trabalho trata a questão a partir da visão dos atores que participam do processo de ensino e aprendizagem, tendo por base professores e alunos de uma 8ª Série, de uma escola estadual da região de Londrina, Paraná, que responderam a um questionário, elaborado com questões abertas. Um estudo comparativo entre as informações fornecidas pelos dois grupos de participantes elucida momentos de tensão e de entrosamento entre estes personagens que constroem e reconstroem vivências e experiências capazes de expor valores e modos de vida. A luta pela sobrevivência de objetos alvo da escola, a aprendizagem e o conhecimento, é de interesse de todos, que consciente ou inconscientemente, participam do processo em busca de um caminho harmônico de convivência e crescimento.

  10. Professor Dorothy A.E. Garrod: "Small, Dark, and Alive!"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Jane Smith

    1997-05-01

    Full Text Available In 1939, Dorothy Garrod became the first woman Professor in either Cambridge or Oxford. Garrod at the time was Director of Studies at Newnham College, Cambridge University and had been in charge of excava­tions in Gibraltar, Western Judaea, Southern Kurdistan and Mount Carmel for which she is now renowned. Trained by Marett at Oxford and Abbe Henri Breuil in France, she was one of our finest archaeologists. By 1939, Garrod had unearthed the well-preserved skull of 'Abel', a Neanderthal child, in Gibraltar, discovered and named the Natufian culture while excavating Shukba near Jerusalem, directed the long term, large scale excavations at Mount Carmel and traveled with Bruce Howe as her assistant to explore Bacho Kiro in Bulgaria. Once elected Professor, she became instrumental in establishing Archaeology and Anthropology as a full degree course and influential in Cambridge's decision to admit women to full membership in 1948. After retirement, she continued excavating in Lebanon and France. Here, with her close friend Suzanen Cassou de Saint Mathurin, she discovered the superb Magdalenian sculptured frieze at Angles-sur-l'Anglin.

  11. Entrevista com o professor João Rua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demian Garcia Castro

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Em um final de tarde na PUC-RJ, logo após mais uma de suas aulas de mestrado, o Prof. João Rua recebeu a equipe da Revista Giramundo para uma entrevista. Com experiência em diferentes segmentos de ensino no CAP-UFRJ, na UERJ e na própria PUC-RJ, entre outras instituições, João Rua igualmente diversificou muito sua produção como pesquisador, passando do Ensino de Geografia à Geografia Agrária e, depois, às questões ambientais, sem nunca deixar de lado uma visão política e reflexiva sobre os temas que abordou. Por essa versatilidade, pela personalidade extremamente comunicativa e por outras qualidades, Rua tornou-se um referencial como professor e intelectual para gerações de ex-alunos influenciados por suas práticas e ensinamentos. Registrar um pouco mais desse arcabouço teórico e prático foi um dos objetivos da entrevista, assim como o de prestar homenagem a esse professor muito querido por tantas pessoas de dentro e de fora de nosso campo de conhecimento.

  12. Burnout Syndrome and Self-Efficacy Beliefs in Professors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arlington Antonio García Padilla

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The presence of the Burnout syndrome in professors may be regarded as a deterioration of their mental health with negative impacts on their job performance. It is known that teachers develop different activities in the areas of teaching, outreach and research. This study aims to analyze the relationship between the Burnout syndrome and self-efficacy beliefs and the academic performance in professors of the psychology and dentistry programs at a private university in the city of Barranquilla. This study is empirical and analytical with a descriptive-correlational design. The study population consisted of 93 teachers of the psychology and dentistry programs. To choose the sample, a non-probabilistic sample was used according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria that allowed selecting a total of 36 teachers who met the criteria for the study. The instruments that were used in this study was the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI, 1981 adapted by Seisdedos (1997, and the Teachers’ Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Tschannen-Moran and Woolfolk (2001 adapted by Covarrubias and Mendoza (2016. According to the results, it was observed that there is no significant relationship between Burnout, Self-efficacy Belief and the academic performance.

  13. Tomorrow's Professor, Preparing for an Academic/Research Career

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, R. M.

    1998-12-01

    Richard M. Reis, author of Tomorrow's Professor: Preparing for Academic Careers in Science and Engineering, and a former executive officer of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, will discuss the essential elements in preparing for, finding, and succeeding at academic careers in today's higher education environment. He will begin with a no-hold-barred look at the academic enterprise and the important ways it differs for all other institutions in society. The unique nature engineering and science - with a particular emphasis on astronomy and astrophysics - in higher education and the special problems facing new professors in these fields will be looked at next. Dr. Reis will then describe a powerful preparation strategy to make graduate students and postdocs competitive for academic positions while maintaining their options for worthwhile careers in government and industry. He will then explain how to get the offer you want and the start-up package you need to ensure success in your first critical years on the job. Finally, Dr. Reis will summarize essential insights from experienced faculty in all areas of science and engineering on how to develop a rewarding academic career and a quality of life that is both balanced and fulfilling. Plenty of time will be set aside for active interaction and discussion.

  14. O papel do professor junto ao aluno com Altas Habilidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréia Jaqueline Devalle Rech

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available .Quando se discute a Educação Especial é comum, num primeiro momento, lembrar do aluno que compõe o especial na Educação como aquele com deficiência mental, auditiva, visual ou física. No entanto, assim como essas crianças, também os alunos com altas habilidades necessitam de um atendimento especializado, pois ele também é um sujeito da Educação Especial. Nesse sentido, este artigo apresenta a definição de altas habilidades, baseada na teoria de um pesquisador norte-americano e, como foco principal algumas questões que envolvem o professor de forma mais direta com o aluno com altas habilidades em sala de aula. Entre elas estão: questões sobre a aprendizagem escolar desses alunos, bem como os fatores que fazem parte desse processo, estratégias de ensino e a importância da identificação dos alunos com altas habilidades.Palavras-chave: Educação Especial. Professor. Aluno com Altas Habilidades

  15. Professor Adler-Nissen i Radio 27syv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2017-01-01

    Professor Adler-Nissen var fredag den 9. juni i radio 24syv (program 24syv Morgen) i forlængelse af den britiske valg. Her blev Adler-Nissen blandet andet spurgt ind til, hvilken betydning valget vil have for de kommende Brexit-forhandlinger. Adler-Nissen vurderede, at en udskydelse af forhandlin......Professor Adler-Nissen var fredag den 9. juni i radio 24syv (program 24syv Morgen) i forlængelse af den britiske valg. Her blev Adler-Nissen blandet andet spurgt ind til, hvilken betydning valget vil have for de kommende Brexit-forhandlinger. Adler-Nissen vurderede, at en udskydelse af...... forhandlingerne er et muligt scenario, da Theresa May først skal havde samlet en koalitionsregering. I følge Adler-Nissen, vil en sådan koalitionsregering også kunne have den indvirkning, at forhandlingerne vil lede til et blødere Brexit end først udmeldt af May, da der nu er behov for at tage højde til flere...... partiers holdning til Brexit....

  16. The art of science: interview with Professor John Archibald Wheeler

    CERN Document Server

    Bičák, Jiři

    2011-01-01

    During the conference on the methods of differential geometry in physics in Warsaw in June 1976, Professor Wheeler gave an interview for the Czechoslovak Journal of Physics A. After Professor Wheeler authorized the English version in January 1977, the Czech translation was published in \\v{C}eskoslovensk\\'y \\v{c}asopis pro fyziku A (1978) and soon afterwards the Polish translation appeared in Postepy fizyky. After John Wheeler's recent death it occurred to me that it would now be appropriate to publish the original interview from 1976 so that it would not be lost to English readers; and so, despite being more than 30 years old, the interview appeared in the special issue on quantum gravity of "General Relativity and Gravitation" dedicated to the memory of J. A. Wheeler. John Wheeler would now surely add more about black holes in nuclei of galaxies, not mentioning just Cygnus X-1, when discussing cosmology he would undoubtedly address the problem of dark energy etc. However, in the conversation about Einstein a...

  17. Homage to Professor Hans-Åke Gustafsson

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

    It was with deep sadness that we learned of the death of Professor Hans-Åke Gustafsson, an internationally recognized scientist, beloved colleague and friend. He passed away on Wednesday January 13th at the Lund University Hospital, surrounded by his loved ones, after a short battle against cancer. This is a great loss for all of us in ALICE and the whole heavy ion community. Hans-Åke, Professor at Lund University, was one of the pioneers of heavy ion physics with relativistic beams since its very beginning. He started his research at CERN, as a fellow at the ISOLDE ion beam facility, and immediately after, in the early 1980 joined the Plastic Ball collaboration at the Bevalac. One of the seminal papers of the field on the discovery of collective flow in relativistic nuclear collisions, co-authored by Hans-Åke, Hans Gutbrod and colleagues, stems from this period. From that point on he was always at the forefront of research with relativistic nuclear beams, being for three de...

  18. Professores homossexuais: suas vivências frente à comunidade escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luana Molina

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar uma discussão referente à problemática da vivência diária do professor/professora homossexual frente à instituição escolar, cujo pressuposto inicial parte da premissa que estes professores sofreram e vem sofrendo, algum tipo de preconceito devido sua orientação sexual. No desenvolvimento, partimos para uma abordagem qualitativa e fundamentando-se na análise de discurso, ou seja, conhecendo as experiências de professores e professoras por meio de suas narrativas. Para isso foram entrevistados dois professores gays e uma professora lésbica, todos com ensino superior, que atuam ou atuaram no Ensino Fundamental II e no Ensino Médio. Nossa estratégia metodológica acontece em duas situações: A primeira, por meio de um questionário prévio composto de dez questões de identificação pessoal no intuito de traçar um perfil dos entrevistados. No segundo momento, entrevistas semi – estruturadas, com perguntas que focaram mais especificamente a percepção dos professores/professoras sobre a homofobia na escola. Nosso resultado é composto por relatos onde pudemos identificar a escola como um ambiente que reflete o sexismo que perpassa toda a sociedade, reproduzindo com frequência, as estruturas sociais, reforçando os preconceitos e privilégios de um sexo sobre o outro. Desta forma, percebemos que o heterossexismo está tão arraigado na cultura, que se torna invisível em muitas de suas atitudes quase sutis, como por exemplo, em brincadeiras e piadas. O universo escolar reproduz os preconceitos da sociedade e, na tentativa de evitar o convívio dos alunos heterossexuais, com pessoas homossexuais, faz da homossexualidade o maior alvo da discriminação. Concluímos, portanto, que as desigualdades entre os sexos e a marginalização dos homossexuais acabam gerando vítimas de uma sociedade inacabada, de repressão, opressão e desinformação. Por fim, está sociedade esta em constante

  19. Lifestyle and physical activity of the physical education professor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima M. Maia

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was: 1 to identify the physical activity habits in daily life of the professors at the Physical Education Department of UNIMONTES; 2 to verify the lifestyles of these individuals in terms of five well-being-related items (nutrition, physical activity, preventative behavior, social relationships, and stress control. Twenty Physical Education professors (5 women and 15 men, 27 to 53 years of age were evaluated. Three instruments were employed to obtain the required information: 1 PAR-Q, 2 Physical Activity Survey, and 3 Life Style Profi le using the Well Being Pentagram. It was verifi ed that 74% of the males were apparently fi t enough to initiate a physical exercise program. On the other hand, this number decreased to 40% in the female group. Concerning the physical activity questionnaire, 75% of the male group were active or very active, and only 40% of the female group were active. Regarding the lifestyle profi les (Well Being Pentagram, females did not report desirable healthy behavior, since their mean score was 1.4 points. In the male group, the mean score was 2.0 points, which indicates a healthy lifestyle, as well as an attitude more favorable to preventative health. We concluded that women require more attention than men, relating to the aspects mentioned above, and that men should not forget to keep on having healthy habits. RESUMO Este estudo teve por objetivos: a identifi car os hábitos de atividades físicas no cotidiano dos professores de Educação Física da UNIMONTES; b verifi car o perfi l do estilo de vida considerando cinco fatores (nutrição, atividade física, comportamento preventivo, relacionamento social e controle do stress individuais relacionados ao bem-estar. Foram avaliados 20 (vinte professores de Educação Física, sendo cinco mulheres (25% e quinze homens (75%, na faixa etária de 27 a 53 anos de idade. Para coleta das informações, utilizou-se três instrumentos: a PAR-Q; Physical

  20. An exploratory examination of student to professor disclosures of crime victimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Tara N; Branch, Kathryn A; Hayes, Rebecca M

    2013-11-01

    Prior qualitative research has demonstrated that female college students may utilize their professors as support providers when they experience sexual assault and intimate partner violence victimization. To further explore this phenomenon, the present study used a random sampling design on two college campuses to examine the following questions: (a) Are student disclosures of crime victimization a common occurrence for college professors? (b) What is the nature of college professors' most recent disclosure of crime victimization? and (c) Do professor characteristics predict receiving a student disclosure of victimization? Implications of these findings as well as directions for future research will be discussed.

  1. Infantile-onset Alexander disease in a child with long-term follow-up by serial magnetic resonance imaging: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishibayashi, Fumiko; Kawashima, Miho; Katada, Yoshiaki; Murakami, Nobuyuki; Nozaki, Miwako

    2013-07-26

    Alexander disease is a rare disorder resulting from a glial fibrillary acidic protein gene mutation which causes progressive degeneration of white matter. With the usual poor prognosis, there are few case reports with long-term follow-up. We report the five-year clinical course of Alexander disease in one case using serial magnetic resonance imaging. A 12-month-old Japanese male was referred to the pediatrics department in our hospital because of developmental retardation. Alexander disease was diagnosed by gene examination of the mutation of a glial fibrillary acidic protein. Magnetic resonance imaging findings showed abnormalities in white matter, deep gray matter, and medulla oblongata. Serial magnetic resonance imaging examinations until the age of five were performed and changes in magnetic resonance imaging findings were compared to the progression in clinical symptoms. Alexander disease is a very rare disease with a variety of clinical phenotypes. Therefore serial magnetic resonance imaging studies for long-term survival infantile cases including our case may be important in the analysis of the pathophysiological mechanism.

  2. Functional characterization of a GFAP variant of uncertain significance in an Alexander disease case within the setting of an individualized medicine clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boczek, Nicole J; Sigafoos, Ashley N; Zimmermann, Michael T; Maus, Rachel L; Cousin, Margot A; Blackburn, Patrick R; Urrutia, Raul; Clark, Karl J; Patterson, Marc C; Wick, Myra J; Klee, Eric W

    2016-09-01

    A de novo GFAP variant, p.R376W, was identified in a child presenting with hypotonia, developmental delay, and abnormal brain MRI. Following the 2015 ACMG variant classification guidelines and the functional studies showing protein aggregate formation in vitro, p.R376W should be classified as a pathogenic variant, causative for Alexander disease.

  3. Late-onset Alexander disease with a V87L mutation in glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and calcifying lesions in the sub-cortex and cortex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Hidekazu; Yoshida, Tomokatsu; Kitada, Mari; Ichihashi, Juri; Sasayama, Hiroshi; Nishikawa, Yoshiro; Mistui, Yoshiyuki; Nakagawa, Masanori; Kusunoki, Susumu

    2012-03-01

    Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) mutation has been reported in Alexander disease. We report a 31-year-old woman suffering from Alexander disease with a V87L mutation in GFAP. She showed psychomotor regression and a history of seizures, in addition to pendular nystagmus, dysarthria, spastic gait, and bladder dysfunction. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed atrophy of the medulla oblongata and mild cervical cord atrophy, deep white matter abnormalities, periventricular rim, and signal changes of the medulla oblongata and dentate hilum. Sequence analysis of her GFAP gene showed a heterozygous c.273G>C mutation predictive of a p.V87L amino acid substitution. We concluded that she was actually affected with Alexander disease. Twenty months later she fell down and sustained a head contusion. Urgent head computed tomography (CT) showed calcification in the subcortical and cortical regions, which may relate to the psychomotor regression and history of seizures. Calcification in the subcortical and cortical regions on head CT has not been reported in Alexander disease; this may be associated with a V87L mutation in GFAP.

  4. Alexander Graham Bell's Patent for the Telephone and Thomas Edison's Patent for the Electric Lamp. The Constitution Community: The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schur, Joan Brodsky

    In 1876 Americans held a Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) to celebrate the nation's birth 100 years earlier. Machinery Hall drew the most admiration and wonder. Alexander Graham Bell exhibited the first telephone, and Thomas Alva Edison presented the automatic telegraph, one of more than 1,000 inventions he would patent in his…

  5. Jade aus Amerika und weitere Grünsteinobjekte von Alexander von Humboldt aus dem Berliner Mineralienkabinett

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renate Nöller

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, Spanish and German.Alexander von Humboldt sent samples of minerals from America not only for scientific or economic purposes. We also find carved pieces made out of green stone material known as Jade, that has been culturally very important in Mesoamerica. In Europe these green stone objects have been treated differently. The Jade-Celt and the Sun-Disc - known as “Humboldt-Axt” and “Humboldt-Scheibe” - both lost during the second world war, had gained great interest, whereas a small head-pendant - made out of Jade has been totally forgotten. The samples reflect the understanding of their worth in distinct cultural contexts.

  6. James Sowerby: meteorites and his meteoritic sword made for the Emperor of Russia, Alexander I, in 1814

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Paul

    2013-01-01

    James Sowerby included meteorites in his publications of British and exotic natural history and so raised interest in their nature and origins at a time of much debate and involving the President of the Royal Society, Sir Joseph Banks. The celebrations over the defeat of France in 1814 prompted Sowerby to make a sword from the Cape of Good Hope iron meteorite to present to the Russian Emperor, Alexander I, at the time of his state visit to London in June 1814 and in recognition of his achievements in bringing peace to Europe. The story of its attempted presentation, its final reception and the following response, including publications, all helped to increase interest in meteorites and their properties. The rediscovery of the sword after a lengthy disappearance probably brings an unusual saga to a fitting close.

  7. "The Waters I am Entering No One yet Has Crossed": Alexander Friedman and the Origins of Modern Cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Belenkiy, Ari

    2013-01-01

    Ninety years ago, in 1922, Alexander Friedman (1888-1925) demonstrated for the first time that the General Relativity equations admit non-static solutions and thus the Universe may expand, contract, collapse, and even be born. The fundamental equations he derived still provide the basis for the current cosmological theories of the Big Bang and the Accelerating Universe. Later, in 1924, he was the first to realize that General Relativity allows the Universe to be infinite. Friedman's ideas initially met strong resistance from Einstein, yet from 1931 he became their staunchest supporter. This essay connects Friedman's cosmological ideas with the 1998-2004 results of the astronomical observations that led to the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics. It also describes Friedman's little known topological ideas of how to check General Relativity in practice and compares his contributions to those of Georges Lemaitre. Recently discovered corpus of Friedman's writings in the Ehrenfest Archives at Leiden University sheds some ...

  8. The evolution of ultrahigh carbon steels - from the Great Pyramids, to Alexander the Great, to Y2K

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wadsworth, J

    1999-10-01

    Hypereutectoid steels containing between about 1 and 2.1 wt%C, and now known as ultrahigh carbon steels (UHCS), have both a rich history (dating back to the time of Alexander the Great, i.e. {approximately} 300 BC) and an interesting, recent, technological period of development (from 1975 to the present). The connections between the modern UHCS and their ancient counterparts, and in particular Damascus steels, have received considerable attention. In addition to monolithic products, UHCS have also been used in both ancient and modern times in laminated composites. In the present paper, a summary of the modern development of UHCS and UHCS-containing laminates is given, and parallels are drawn with ancient materials. Also, ancient laminated composites containing other steels are described; controversial issues and a possible solution related to the age of such a laminate found in the Great Pyramid of Gizeh are discussed.

  9. Hallar e inventar a un público. Nuevos proyectos editoriales acerca de la obra de Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in español, abstracts in englisch, español and german.In Latin America, Alexander von Humboldt was and is known as one of the most famous historic and literary figures; in his own country, though, the acquaintance with his texts has until the 80s been reduced to groups of specialized scholars. Yet, for a couple of years, a growing interest in the works of Humboldt can be noticed, based on numerous new editions, which have been published since. Among others, these are the new edition of the Relation historique (1991, the editions of the „Humboldt Project“ (2004-2006 as part of the „Andere Bibliothek“, as well as current projects on German editions concerning Asie Centrale and the Examen critique.

  10. Non-Euclidean Space, Movement and Astronomy in Modern Art: Alexander Calder's Mobiles and Ben Nicholson's Reliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloy, Vanja

    2013-09-01

    John Keats once wrote that `there is no such thing as time and space' rather, believing that time and space are mental constructs that are subject to a variety of forms and as diverse as the human mind. In the 1920s through the 1930s, modern physics in many ways supported this idea through the various philosophical writings on the Theory of General Relativity to the masses by scientists such as Arthur Eddington and Albert Einstein. These new concepts of modern physics fundamentally changed our understanding of time and space and had substantial philosophical implications, which were absorbed by modern artists resulting in the 1936 Dimensionist Manifesto. Seeking to internalize the developments of modern science within modern art, this manifesto was widely endorsed by the most prominent figures of the avant-garde such as Marcel Duchamp, Jean Arp, Naum Gabo, Joan Miró, László Moholy-Nagy, Wassily Kandinsky and Alexander Calder. Of particular interest to this manifesto was the new concept of the fourth-dimension, which in many ways revolutionized the arts. Importantly, its interpretation varied widely in the artistic community, ranging from a purely physical four-dimensional space, to a kinetic concept of space in which space and time are linked, to a metaphysical interest in a space that exists beyond the material realm. The impact of modern science and astronomy on avant-garde art is currently a bourgeoning area of research with considerable implications to our rethinking of substantial artistic figures of this era. Through a case study of Alexander Calder's Mobiles and Ben Nicholson's Reliefs, this paper explores how these artworks were informed by an interest in modern science.

  11. Steers performance fed diets with Alexander grass silage (Urochloa plantaginea x sorghum silage (Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flânia Mônego Argenta

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the parameters related to feedlot beef steers fed with Alexander grass silage or sorghum silage as roughage source. Twelve animals with initial average of weight and age of 245 kg and 20 months, respectively, belonging to Nellore (N, Charolais (C, 21/32 N 11/32 C, 21/32 C 11/32 N; 43/64 N 21/64 C and 43/64 C 21/64 N genetic groups were used. The ration was composed by a roughage:concentrate relation of 50:50 (dry matter basis, offered at ease. The dry matter, crude protein, ether extract, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber daily intake didn’t differ between roughage sources, being the medium values of 10.18; 1.28; 0.20; 4.96 and 2.51 kg/day, respectively. However, the ether extract intake by metabolic size and by corporal weight percentage were higher for the one that consumed sorghum silage, obtaining values of 2.74 and 2.36 g/metabolic size and 0.06 and 0.05 kg/100 kg of live weight. The same behavior was observed for digestible energy intake, presenting values of 364.87 and 302.83 g/metabolic size and 8.10 and 7.02 kg/100 kg of live weight. The daily average gain, final corporal score and feed conversion weren’t influenced by roughage type, being the values of 1.31 kg; 4.05 points and 7.78 kg of DM/kg of weight gain, respectively. The Alexander grass silage is a feasible alternative as its substitution in relation to sorghum silage.

  12. Alexander I, Napoleon and Franco-Russian relations | Alexandre Ier, Napoléon et les relations franco-russes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Pierre Rey

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Educated in the spirit of the Enlightenment, upon his accession to the throne in March 1801, Alexander I, intending to reform his empire, gave priority to domestic issues; but very quickly, foreign policy came to dominate the agenda, and his duel with Napoleon wholly absorbed his energies. Because of the ambivalence of the Tilsit alliance, Russian-French relations continuously deteriorated after 1807, leading to the 1812 tragedy. Vanquisher of Napoleon, the tsar who has been transformed by the ordeal (he became religious, became anxious to rebuild the European continent on a new basis. This explains the personal role he played during the Vienna Congress and the project of Holy Alliance that he encouraged. But by 1820-21, Alexander became more and more paranoiac in his political views and the Holy Alliance has been transformed into a tool to repress liberal ideas in the service of conservative regimes. | Alejandro I, entronizado en marzo de 1801 y educado en el espíritu de las Luces, toma conciencia de la necesidad de reformar el imperio dando prioridad a las cuestiones internas; pero pronto la política exterior le absorbe totalmente, de forma que su reinado quedará marcado por el enfrentamiento con Napoleón. La alianza de Tilsit se revela ambigua y las relaciones franco-rusas se degradan hasta la tragedia de 1812. El zar, que salió victorioso y transformado de la prueba –se volvió profundamente religioso–, hace sentir su peso en la reconstrucción del continente europeo, jugando un papel personal importante en el Congreso de Viena y en Tratado de la Santa Alianza. Sin embargo, desde 1820-1821 Alejandro I tiene una visión del mundo cada vez más paranoica, y la Santa Alianza se convierte en una herramienta represiva al servicio del absolutismo.

  13. INCLUSÃO E PROFESSORES: REPRESENTAÇÕES DISCURSIVAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanna Caroline Neyris Corrêa da Costa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O tema Inclusão tem-se destacado como uma forma revolucionária da educação, entende-se que analisar os discursos veiculados sobre este tema, contribui para elucidar certos aspectos que não são ditos (as entrelinhas explicitamente, mas que direcionam a maneira de pensar e de agir da pessoa que os lê, já que quem escreveu tal artigo para a Revista tem sua história, sua ideologia, sua opinião formada sobre a temática e que influencia a maneira de pensar de quem lê tal reportagem. Partindo dos pressupostos teóricos da Análise do Discurso (AD e da educação inclusiva, pretende-se, a partir da análise do artigo “A escola que é de todas as crianças” do site da Revista Nova Escola, edição n.º 182, do mês de maio de 2005, de autoria de Meire Cavalcante, cuja temática é a educação inclusiva, entender os discursos veiculados sobre a temática, que ideias difundem, que representações o artigo da Revista sob análise veicula sobre inclusão. Portanto, na análise, conforme apregoado na manchete em questão, o termo inclusão, mediante a ação do professor, é capaz de transformar os modos de pensar e agir das pessoas com deficiência, esquecendo que, na realidade, as escolas estão deficientes em vários sentidos: estrutura física, pedagógicas e tecnológicas, falta investimento na formação de todos os envolvidos no processo ensino/aprendizagem, sendo que tudo isso interfere nos resultados do processo de inclusão, ou seja, para uma educação de maior qualidade. Não é somente a ação isolada do professor que trará resultados profícuos nesse processo. Palavras-chave: Análise do discurso. Inclusão. Professores.

  14. Students’ Needs Analysis in an EFL Program for University Professors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Andrea Bedoya

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study sets out to investigate professors’ needs from an English as a foreign language program in a public university regarding demands, interests, and lacks based on the methodology of needs analysis. Data collected through a survey, focus groups, and individual interviews showed that professors need to meet the institutional language policy for contractual and academic reasons. Additionally, data revealed their desire to learn English to communicate in both academic and non-academic settings. Moreover, the lack of time and effective learning strategies were reported as comprising the main constraints for learning. Finally, the authors present the strengths and weaknesses of the program as well as the participants’ suggestions for curriculum restructuring.

  15. Professor Lesley Parker: a science educator writ large

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahle, Jane Butler

    2011-09-01

    Professor Lesley Parker's career has moved from teaching and advising graduate students at Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia to leadership roles and advocacy positions in state and national governments and in international organizations. Throughout her distinguished career, she has been committed to social justice, particularly in gender equity. Indeed, that commitment infuses her professional contributions as teacher, advisor, administrator, and policy maker. In this Key Contribution, many of her colleagues describe their admiration for her as well as provide information that helps the reader place her work in a national and an international perspective. She has received many of Australia's highest honors, and she continues to contribute to her university, her state, and her nation. Her contributions form a lasting legacy in social justice, particularly in gender equity and in educational leadership.

  16. Tribute to Professor Anthony J. McMichael

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashwin Swaminathan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Emeritus Professor A. J. “Tony” McMichael (1942–2014 was an internationally renowned and pioneering Australian academic and advocate in epidemiology, who was passionate about understanding the influences of the environment on human health. In an illustrious career spanning more than four decades, he made significant contributions to the scientific community and policy discourse—including ground-breaking research related to the health of children. McMichael was a prolific academic writer with over 300 peer-reviewed papers; 160 book chapters and two sole-authored books. However, his outstanding talent was for integrating complex and seemingly unrelated strands from the environmental and health sciences into a cohesive narrative—and highlighting its relevance to lay persons, scientists and governments alike. He was instrumental in validating this nascent field of research and inspiring many others to follow his lead.

  17. Quality of life research: interview with Professor Robert Cummins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Cummins

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Health-related quality of life (HRQOL is a fundamental concept in the field of clinical medicine and has been studied during the last years by psychologists, sociologists, economists and managers. The concept of HRQOL includes those aspects of overall QOL that can be indicated to have an impact on patients’ health, either physical or psychological. Concerning the individuals, this incorporates physical and mental health cognitions, including sociodemographic factors, sexual functioning, fatigue, sleep disorders and functional status. One of the most eminent experts in the world in the field of QOL is Prof. Robert Cummins [Professor of Psychology at Deakin University in Australia (School of Psychology, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Victoria 3125 Melbourne, Australia. E-mail: robert.cummins@deakin.edu.au] who kindly accepted to answer our questions in the con- text of this special edition.

  18. Memorial meeting for professor Abdus Salam's 90th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Duff, Michael; Khoo Phua, Kok; Memorial volume on Abdus Salam's 90th birthday

    2017-01-01

    In honor of one of the most prolific and exciting scientists of the second half of the last century, a memorial meeting was organized by the Institute of Advanced Studies at Nanyang Technological University for Professor Abdus Salam's 90th Birthday in January 2016. Salam believed that "scientific thought is the common heritage of all mankind" and that the developing world should play its part, not merely by importing technology but by being the arbiter of its own scientific destiny. That belief saw him rise from humble beginnings in a village in Pakistan to become one of the world's most original and influential particle physicists, culminating in the 1979 Nobel Prize (shared with Glashow and Weinberg) for contributions to electroweak unification, which forms an integral part of the Standard Model. The book collected the papers presented at this memorable event which saw many distinguished scientists participating as speakers to reflect on Prof Salam's great passion for the science and achievements.

  19. Julio López Rendueles, a revolutionary professor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoila Rodríguez-Gobea

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Julio López Rendueles was part of the group of Spanish exiles who joined the rising University of Oriente, and contributed decisively to the development of this center of high studies and to the revolutionary struggle that was taking place in the nation led by Movement 26 of July. This work shows that, before arriving in Cuba, Professor López Rendueles was a prestigious intellectual and a prominent communist militant, defender of the Spanish Republic. After the triumph of the Revolution he moved to Havana, where he continued to collaborate with the Revolutionary Armed Forces in the creation of Camilo Cienfuegos Military Schools and with the Ministry of Education in the organization of polytechnic teaching and in writing books for the teaching of chemistry, physics and mathematics.

  20. H.E. Professor Wang Liheng, Minister of Aviation of the People's Republic of China, President, China Aerospace Science & Technology Corporation

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    H. E. Professor Wang Liheng, Minister of Aviation, and President, China Aerospace Science & Technology Corporation, People's Republic of China (2nd from left) with (from left to right) Professor Hans Hofer, Professor Roger Cashmore, Research Director for Collider Programmes, Professor Samuel C. C. Ting, CERN and Professor Lei Gang, Secretary to the Minister, September 2001.